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The District Ledger 1915-05-01

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mdnstrlal Unity Ia Strength
tl    i
The Official Orgw of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No.«, vol. vm.
.'; ''•■ A{ }ii
'.   ' A~r
Aftermath of
The Island Strike
What the London Meeting Thinks of
the U. M. W. of A.
An interesting echo of the late Vancouver leland miners' strike comes to
band this week ln the report of the
annual general meetlug of the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Ltd., held
ln London, England, a week or two
ago. The following excerpt from the
published account of the meeting Is
Interesting to those who followed the
strike through its various phases. It
"Tho Vancouver Island strike, the
trade depression, the increased use of
fuel oil, and the war, al! serious factors in bringing about the present conditions of the company, were discussed. At one point Captain Williams
(a bondholder) said:
"The strike was due to the management, They got a man from the States who got the coal out by different
measurement and that was at,the root
of the trouble."
■But a little later -.M*. Frederick
Perry, a member of the finance committee, said: "The strike was not confined to our property and was not due
to the attitude of any particular manager. It was the outcome of an attempt made by the United Mine Workers of America to extend their Influence over Vancouver Island. In Mr.
Dunsmuir's time no such attempt was
A bondholder—Don't you think that
a capable man like Mr. Lloyd George
could have settled it?     (Laughter.)
Mr. Perry—I don't think Sir. Lloyd
George would have been able to deal
with the United. "Mine Workers of
America. They are a different crowd
from what you. havo here.
A bondholder—They were open to
reason, I suppose. (Cries of "Order.")
% was Mated during the discussion
that Mr. Coulson. who was the gen-
ited capacity and the scale of
paid is less than known for
years past.
It is apparent from the foregoing
that despite tbeir own, sufferings, the
miners gave these absentee bond and
shareholders a bad shaking up.B. C.
(At the time this dispute took place
the newspapers gave great publicity to
the smoothness with which the affairs
qf the company \vere progressing. In
the light of tho above report and the
fact that the bondholders nre compelled to stave off foreclosure by.deferring the interest payment until
1918, lt is conclusive proof that somebody was economical with the truth.
Mr. Perry's reply re Lloyd George,
and his reference to the United .Mine
Workers, was intended to cast aspersions upon that body, which are not
Well founded, especially as there is an
appreciable sprinkling of them who,
before coming fo this continent, were
prominent in Labor circles in the old
land, and are b"! the same type as they
who recently had a conference with
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and
by their methods, of looking after the
Interests of the mineworkers, drew
from Britain's prominent statesman
the acknowledgement that he had
never met more capable men in what
are usually termed the higber walks
of life.
.One day this week we witnessed a
sight hi Victoria Avenue which
brought to our minds the .maxim
about putting the hand to the plough
and not turning back, only in this
case the furrow was so deep and the
soil so sparse, consisting practically
of rocks, necessitated the imposition
of the heavy weight of one of the
city's employees in keeping the plough
share from jumping the track. The
body of the agricultural implement
sank down so far it took on more the
appearance ot a submarine preparing
to make its get-away—a case of
plowing the main rather than segregating the soil's surface.
eral manager at the mine from 1911
to the end of 1913, had resigned owing
to Illness and had returned to Pennsylvania.   '" ■ ■;_-, '. *
A bondholder-fpo ybh Relieve that?
Mr, Perry—I know "it to beTa fact,
He had a serious attack of Brigbt't
Loyal Order of Moote Will Start
Agricultural Campaign
The llvest order ln town has decided that there is too much vacant
land lying idle In this town, and further, they intend to get permission of
owners to cultivate the lots and sell
produce from same to members at
cost price. The members realize tbat
sitting around and talking will not
take tbem very far,*:and' every member will be asked-'to attend the lodge
"St     99.-'.
All men are advised to stay away
from Brazeau Mines, Nordegg, Alta.,
at there are all kinds of men 'there
at present looking for work and not
finding it. The mines are working
two and three days a week only.
'""' James Bewsher, Sec.
Nordegg Local No. 1087
From the preparations being made,
and tbe number who hare already
stated their intention to participate,
rt is confidently expected that the
dance to take place on Priday of this
week will surpass all previous ones.
Come along everybody, as a good
time is assured and most excellent
music will be provided. If you don't
have a night's enjoyment the fault is
your own.
hoe, rake line and setting pin, which
implements he will be require to use
ln planting the lots that it Ib hoped to
bare ready,
' If any brother knows of- any vacant
'lots In thS town "ho will be doing a
great service It he notifies the committee of tame.
Owing to the prevalent dull
times affecting every class of industry, causing newspapers as
well as other* to feel the pinch,
we are reluctantly compelled to
state that the:.pistrict Ledger will
be compelled to reduce its size in
the near future, but in so doing
we wish to inform our numerous
supporters that the quality and
quantity of reading matter will
suffer no reduction, the only
change being made in thit department will be jthe presentation differing In typographical form oniy.
Whilst this change is, obligatory
upon us we sincerely hope it may
be of short duration, and our readers may reat,aasured that so soon
as conditions justify ua in a resumption of more prosperous days
methods we shall do so.
We take this opportunity of
thanking our readers and advertisers for the generous support given
us and trust that ere long there
will be a return to normality
whereby all concerned may be
England, on
Leave     Folkestone,
Emergency Call
A general meeting of Fernie Football Club will be held in the Club
Room at. 3 p.m., Sunday, May 2nd.
Everybody interested please attend.
Arbor Day was generally observed
throughout the city by the planting
of many trees by employees of the
civic bodies and private citizens. The
clean-up feature was not carried out
A Review oj The
Crow's Nest Cam^s
-,. „-.«*». , .    .with the thoroughness that was ex-
tldines noticeable everywhere; and lt
Is hoped that those citizens who have
failed to comply wiith the request
made will do so at an early date and
the task of making Fernie beautiful.
The growing tendency throughout
the Dominion to celebrate Arbor Day
is heartily approved of by the Conservation Department of the Ottawa
authorities who, in a recent bulletin
urged that every effort be made to
stimulate interest In the subject
among the children by having the pupils of the public schools participate
In the work incident tb Arbor Day.
■We have received requests from a
large number of camps throughout
the Pass requesting any who are looking for work to stay away from their
particular locality, we may likewise
call the attention to any who are thinking of coming to Fernie in search of
employment that the prospects of finding it are nil, as there are quite a large
number here whp must first be given
employment, and from the preaent
rate of engaging men at the mines it
will be a long time before there is
any visible sign of there being any
shortage, therefore we do most strongly urge those.in other camps NOT TO
CREEK: '"'.-I	
iMONTRiEAL, April 28.—The Gazette's London correspondent cabling
last night said that a reliable report
received in London places the Canadian casualties at 2,000 in the fighting
of last week, with 25 officers killed
and 100 wounded. The heavy casualty list among Canadians at the front
resulted in an emergency «all for reinforcements on Monday night, when
a body of officers and men, both from
the base and the recent arrivals, paraded and embarked for a special destination. The departure of these
troops was not secret, as is usually the
case, but was open, and the Folkestone citizens gave them farewell
cheers. A most successful function
took place yesterday, at Folkestone,
the correspondent says, when the mayor and mayoress, Sir Stephen and
Lady Penfield gave a reception at the
Hotel Metropole to Major Bablngton
and Brig.-Gen. MaoDougall, commanding the Canadians, with other British
aiid Canadian officers; Sir George
and Lady Perley and a large number
of leading Canadians were present.
Canada's Losses
Following ls the list of the Canadian casualties as shown by the information which reached Ottawa up to
Battalion Killed Wounded
California Oil and
British Columbia Coal
For the benefit of our readers we
will glvo. a review of labor conditiona
at tbey exist along tbe line ot tbe
Crow't Nett Pan aa they effect tbe
coal mining induttry. From time to
time tbere have appeared reportt in
the prett that noticeable Improvements have token place, These, bow*
ever, are of lutlgnlflcant proportion!
compared to thc general situation,
which, shows no marked change for the
better. Furthermore, we with to emphasize thit fact—the number of men
out of employment and working on
thort time It ao large that even a mott
remarkable and altogether unexpected
demand for ooal would have to be
forthcoming before an appreciable
quantity ot tbe unemployed mine-!
workera could be abaorbed.
Any mine worker now living outside
the provinces of Alberta nnd Orlllth
Columbia unable to get work, ought
to think twice before coming to tbla
part of the country to look for work,
aa the chancei of finding It are 100 to
1 agalatt htm, aad tbe only attltfac-
tion (If It can be oonsldared a eatlt-
faction! obtained will he the realise*
tion of money tpent without any nd*
vantage accruing.
With a view to keeping the workers
en the move eo aa to relieve the looal
tltuatlon, aewapapera from lime to
time will five publicity to aome alight
Improvement having occurred In a
given place bnt ia describing It the
dlmeaelOM art frequently most groat
ly exaggerated.
To any worker who reads these
ttltra-opUmlstto accounta we most
strongly urge before accepting thom at
correct and being Influenced thereby | boarded up.  tlie only work la   prate pnu pp. sun**, u*h to no ee   -u«4*i| greet u at tae opea cot, or at It it
ai'tj jtwtw milk *w<w.VJt* Iivm <t9.-MVi.-i>
outtide of tke prett reports.
Coalhurst and Commerce (Kipp)
are working one day a week.
Bellevue, which thp press recently
made quite a lot ot stir about. having
been successful In obtaining ordert for
800 tons a day more, hat recently had
its production decreased tome SOO
tons, The cause thereof is; not known
to us, There are a number of men
living principally,on hope In tbls and
other camps.
At Hlllcrest, whllet.the mlnet are operating three daya each week, the
mineworkers, owing to tbe work being
divided up in alternate ablfts, ore not
working steadily,
Colerann.—In the language ot one of
Ut residents, "She's aa dull at ditch
water," and the larger portion of the
population are able to view the ecenlc
surroundings more than they extend
energies at the tetentlft® end of a
Pick, " ■'
Carbondale (near Coleman). — The
diggers are working about five days a
week, whilst company men nre get*
ting In about three or four. It it rumored on good groundi that thit relatively favored eamp will he adversely
effected la the near future. There It
no dearth of Job teekert here.
Reaver Creek mlnea are doted and
quite an eiodua hat already taken)
place, Aome of the Inhabitants are
ttaylng for the preaent, preferring to
tuffer the lilt they have Ihtn fly fo
otbtii they know aot of,
-Crossing tbe divide st Crow's Nest
the flrtt coal oamp reached la at Corbin In .Tirftlth Columbia, and bare we
find tbe relit are being taken out of
one of the tunnels; the power house Is
, With a view tp extending the scope
of i)atro,nage to-ihe- Northern Hotel,
tbo proprietor, Wnifem, Etchwlg,, is re-
ttiouening portions of the hotel by fix-
in? up a limited number of rooms en
suite for the purpose ot making them
adaptable for light housekeeping.
1 Eastern Ontario .... 0
• 2 .Eastern Ontario   5
3 Western Ontario .... 4
4 Western Ontario .... 4
5 Quebec...   ....   .... 1
7 Western..   ....   .... 1
8 Western —
10 Western 2
13 (Montreal 4
14 Montreal '.... 2
15 48th  Highlanders   .. 4
Artillery —
Engineers —
Field Ambulance —
Headquarters .- —
Lleut.-iColonels ...3
■Majors   3	
The serious effect of the increasing
use of. California oil on the coal mining industry of British Columbia is too
evident to be passed over by the Dominion and Provincial Governments,
and by candidates In the forthcoming
The worst feature of the case is the
use of fuel oil on the railways ot British Columbia. These railways pass
through extensive coal fields, and one
of the main sources of revenue lu the
past ln tbe way of freight traffic has
been from coal shipments. The Dominion and Provincial governments J
have heavily subsidized these railways
for the purpose of opening up the
country and facilitating the development of its natural resources such as
coal. It is, for instance, absurd to
see a C. P. R. locomotive moving coal
in the yard at Merritt with an engine
using California oil as fuel. The C.
P. R. bas spent large sums in developing coal mines at Bankhead and Lethbridge, and is heavily Interested in
Hillcrest and the Crows Nest Pass,
while its Vancouver Island lines are
mainly dependent on the coal fields
there for its business.
It is absurd to see the P. G. E, Railway, financed as it ls entirely from
the Provincial treasury, constructing
huge tanks at Newport to store California oil, and to run on that fuel Its
engines into Cariboo where there are
Important coal resources convenient
thereto.   What  this  road   wants  ls
freight, and the coal Is tbere for the
mining; while the market is available
for one of the most readily available
'.resources for its freight traffic.
Still more absurd is it to find the
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, passing as it doeB through one of tbe richest coal areas in Canada, in which are
available stores ot the highest grades
of coal, using California oil to haul its
The men who are attending the Ambulance Classes and lectures are to be
commended for the teal displayed,
and whilst hoping their services may
not be called into requisition, we know
full well In the ordinary course of
events the time mutt come when the
knowledRe nalnefl by study will mean
Hip mltleatlon of pain for tome unfortunate at they put First Aid into actual practice.
In order to call attention to tbe
meetings being held, notices are affixed to tbe board near tbe Post Office
which tome miscreant out of unadulterated warttonest pertlttently dei-
troys. Whoever thit creature It, even
though lott to all tente of decency, we
may Inform him that If caught In the
act a fitting puniahment will be meted
out whereby be ma> receive a practical and titulary lesion whteh will leave
a latting impression that will cause
him to pause before Indulging In n
repetition of hit mean-spirited actlont.
Last night (Wednesday) the Fire
Brigade responded to a test alarm
sent in from Box 17 In splendid style,
but as there was no fiery element to
combat the other element served a
useful purpose in laying the dust adjacent to Victoria and Rogers Street.
A second demonstration was made later at tbe instigation of the Chief, and
the way it was executed brought forth
favorable crltlclsmm from those who
witnessed the try out
The regular rate on letters addressed to people In France ts tlve cents,
but shortly after the British troops
hsd landed on tbe continent the postal authorities granted the privilege of
tbe two cent rate on letters to toldlert,
However, we underttand now that In
addition to the two cent ttamp tbe
one cent War-tax Stamp mutt alto be
Captains 9 32
Lieutenants  13 56
In the casualty lists received so far
regarding the losses sustained In the
Canadian regiments we have not noted the names of any among the killed,1
wounded and missing-who went from
the Crows Nest Pans.' We may mention, however, tbat the lists received
up to date are by no means complete.
their bonds the people of the Province
will be called on to make good the deficiency. What more -absurd feature
of railway development oan be found-
than that which we now see in the
shape of the C. P. R„ G. ,T. P. and P.
G. E. railways investing large sums in
stationary tanks, pumping plants, and-
lank cars to handle supplies of California oil in order to put out of business the British Columbia coal operator and put out of employment tho
coal miners of the Province.
Instead of profitable freight, as curs
laden with coal, we see all these railways hauling over their lines trains
of tanks filled with California oil to
steam their engines or the same tank
cars returning empty. We don't know
any other country in the world where
such an absurdity would be tolerated:
aud wc don't believe it will be tolerated here very long.
We asked a Grand Trunk official
recently to explain why it was in the
interest of his company to adopt such
a policy. He replied: "It is not our
policy. We recognize tho absurdity
of it as much as anyone, but we have
had instructions from the Government
authorities to use oil Instead of coal
to protect the forests, and there is
hardly a timber limit on our line to
protect." Unfortunately that, statement is too true.
At Victoria, the 'Minister of Lands
and Forests, although representing
one of the most Important coal mining sections of the Province, supported his forestry staff in requiring the
railways to use California oil Instead
of British Columbia coal, ou the plea
of forest protection. Where, we
should like to know, are the forests i&
be protected on any of the rail we y
Hues in British Columbia? Besides,
coal-burning engines, if properly equipped, can be made as safe as oil burn-
trains through coal fields. Even at
Fort George this railway is constructing a tank to hold 350,000 gallons of
California oil, when the Pine River
coal fields, ln which are supplies of
the.best steam coal found in Canada,
are within easy reach.
It these railways cannot get freight
to earn revenue to pay the interest on
The first outing of the season for
the Fernie Alpine Club was bold on
Sunday, when a good sized party ascended 'Mount Fernie.
Word bat been received In town
that some of Ihe Ornish shipowners
whose veiieit have been tunk by Oerman torpedoet hesitate to buy new
ones became (he Government baa already commandeered eeieral belonging to private firms and fixed their
charter rates at to low a figure that
they are deprived of,the opportunity
to make the huge profits tbey enjoyed
whilst operating prlvatoly.
Th« advocates of tingle-blessedness
(Tbe Bachelort' Club) will celebrate
limpirti Day by atvlug » dance in the
Socialist Hall. Light refreshments
will be served during the evening.
A. D. Trites haa been busily oc.
cupled with a crowd of workers dur
Ing the past week laying down a concrete tlde-wsik in front of hit home,
and In addition thereto baa planted a
row of treat on the entire block.
Last Friday morning the citizens ot
Fernie were disagreeably surprised to
loam that the honor (T) had been paid
the town by an exhibition of high-class
safe cracking, using the safe at the
Palace Meat Market as an object lei-
son, and extracting therefrom a sum
amounting to about 1200.
The evidences left behind were euch
thut IHUe due us to tho perpetrators
was forthcoming. Nevertheless, the
police authorities are utlng overy effort to get a line on tbe evil-doers,
which they hope may bear fruition
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. iMIIlt, of the
King's Hotel, wish to announce that
they will hold tbeir socltl dance on
Friday, May 7th, instead of Friday
next, April 30th. The postponement
It to avoid clashlna with tbe Socialists' Dance on that date.
The following enquiries are from
the V. M. W. A. Journal of the 16th ot
April: "If any of our readers have nny \
Information regarding either Frank
flvallea or Robert Brown, and will
tend it to tbli office, we wilt forwent
forthwith to the proper ptrtles,"
ers in .this respect.
The most forceful acta, however, in
urging a duty on California oil are
that the fuel oil shipped In here Is a
by-product of the California refineries
—a waste product at tbat—and every
cent that can be got out of it'is so
much to the credit ot the California
(ContlaneU on Pege Four)
Preserves Franchise
For Coal Miners
•Iteming now touched apon* the Mb
jeet la a geueml wwy, tra will cite
specific catet:
■ ■ ■ -^ w wmwwy^* m a*ai^*a^^9        *ip aewra-a ;*m^mwtmii^   a-m^^r aww*^*^a^ ve* i
and lo likely to be, very quiet. Variant
plana hare beet adopted to aid In re-
iitvlng thi acute dtetreea. Some puWIe
worka and a few Individuate employ'
meet on a tntteanace rale of pay.
Some mteewerlrert are reported to
Imve gem to woifc on adjoining
rntt-rb**, where hmnt nntl nh*lt*r nre
Lothbridfe/~-Mla« No. S averaglag
ene day a week. Mine Xo. t hae beea
UOotbt loo weeka, whilat repeifa am
Mag uMde of tb* •b*lt! meantime pit
hotnm mm ent no pornom.
.*ii**i 'lit* Hip bPimim.'
At Michel   the  number of empty
bontm and general air Ot. -faletseee!
pervading tell tbelr own atery.   The]of Uie Provincial Election! Aet, whleh
entire population can ba Justly termed ] reads;
4>,iw UA*   twii
tbt tae fMtrpeee ot correcting wrong
impressions regarding who may vote,
on ttooto Mow Chap. TJ, Clause tt
The regular monthly meeting of the
Ladles' Oulld of Christ Church will
be held at the home of (Mrs. Moffatt
on Wednesday, "tli May. at 330 pm
Important Action It Announctd by tht
Hon. W. J. Bowttr, Acting Premier
—Strlout Disability It Removed
The Hon. W. J. Bowser yesterday announced to the Colonist an important
decision which he, at Attorney-General,
bad Just reached, which will have tho
effect of removing tho disability which
threatened tbe disfranchisement .of
quite a number of workingmen, mainly
on Vancouver Island.
It appears tbat under Sub-iectlou
"d" of -Section I of tho Elections Act,
It is provided tbat no one shall bo entitled to register as a voter or shall
vote wbo shall have been convicted of
treaaon or any Indictable offence, unless pardoned or the sentence completed.
This bat a bearing upon tbe case of
a number ot tbe strikers during tbe
coal mining dispute on Vancouver Island.
at the New Westminster attlies, Mr.
Bowser made a ruling which revealed
the generous attitude of the uuihorl-
ties to the men who found themselves
In a very serious position, and in ron-
sitqtifinre a considerable number *h«
found themselves in an unfortunate
position, Hit latest action by which
tbe franchise of the men la preserved,
will, no doubt, be much appreciated by
those to whom Jt applies.—Tbe Victoria Coiouist, April 25.
High   Churchmen   end   Other   Name
Committed te Leek Into the
LONIH)N. April 2«.-The "war babies question is to be Investigated. A
communication itsued tonight it Un-
beth Palace, the Arch-Bplaeopal real-
dem « ot the -archbishop of Canterbury
"The arcbblibopa ot Uaaterbury
and York, the Rev, f>r. John Beolt Md-
gcti ut the London school board aad
When the cases came to trtsljfdltor of thn Methodist Timet; Adeline, Durban of Bedford; Ibr. Mary
Itacemb gcharlleb. governor of Mt.
Mary's colle**, 1'addieaton; Uady Londonderry, and others bave beea giving careful roasiderstlfln to the alleg-
«d probabillt; of there being dorian
titr * at an in' naw ta the a amber of
SH-fKiHmen* Mrlhu. and hnv* request*
nl *ma*! ...n.iiiin.e nl ludtm, In con
The wbereabttota of Frank llvallca,
an Austrian workman, who left for1 had be«n convicted were r«1(«sied on
Canada.    Hit wife hss not heard from j susp^ndiM sentence,
him for a year.   Last benri of b« wasi   Vwy iwnil)  Mr. ik»**«r Iih* bad
tn Nordegg4lreseau Collieries, Rocky j hi* attention mllr-d to the bearing j ju»« tion *ttb tb« National tlaloa of
A grand concert will be held In the
basement of the Kngllth Church on
Wednesday. »lh Mav. al UM p.m.
sharp.    Admission 21 cents.
Mountain   House,   Alb-trta.   C-huJ*.
want to know If HvaHea It still In
Nordegg, and if he is still a member of (and as he bat no desire to tak* advan-
ffttip.i i    *.
no mi*i*o t* ft* ml lo hmmius euetenee.
The practice of that overworked virtue of "thrift" it tally exemplified by
the ntidMta.
ftrale and Coal Crock, Mke their
titter eampa, bare tbelr Ml quota ef
ehwiwd Wwft awl mro noom ot tba
worktre inenttt tn meke ends mint
^awwammwm    ^^a^a^e^mtP^    mr    w-emtn^ww    ^wtronoir   onmwwtw
mntttUm tbem to r»wKir»f of merit for
Ilia te a general review ef theeeal
eawpc nad the lottoetfag Induttry of-
rem hut little laiiiwent te tho wm
of tMtfc. lie few urine that have
mmm up nm opomtlnif nt n wry IfiW-
• "M any election for nn electoral dft-|
trict. a person ahall not he entitled to
vote unites hie name la on the reglt-
ter ot eotera for the time helm In
force tor tuch dletrlet, nnd every
tenon w*- 'e name ta ea audi n#t>
ttr than b- tntftled ta demand and
receive a ballot paper aad to vote.
Pruritic J tlut nathlua hi UiU »*cU«->u
then entitle aay pereea to vote wbo
to prohibited frees ve-Uuc hy any
etatatw or hy renton of my disability.
pr t*eweve teen peteon from ■ any penal-
tltt ta which lw stay Se liable for
Wfw   will   a**   Pllt*X**tin-'
starts Hatwrdav, Msv 1st
"Kitchener" I* a thoroughbred flhet-
land pony to be given awny (PVte)
to tke girl or boy wbo gett the mott
volee In the coatett of tbe Orpheum
Thfetw.      KHHien-w    mm**    from
the famoot snine Pony Ranch, dfedl-j
cine flat, aad to gwaraatied young
and sound In every way.
The funeral of the late Frank Okrta,
who died on Teeeday laat, waa held on
Sunday (rom t.\o residence o* Mr, i,
Delecrr    to   tie   Roman   Catholic
-Chnrcb where tervtea* wer* n*M. tno
thence te SL tSfattateta Cemetery.
Tie Ffcrale liittaa Bud headed the
cortege playing the Dead March,
while a targe number ot vehicles bear-
lag sMtmtrs and friends fallowed the
the mlnen* organisation.     Addremr,
.fohaan fcwangor*. Rfviertitwtiir <!<»r
"ffnlon" der fl»»rftrbplf«r 0e*fpm*l.»ft's
In boeben, Austria.
tt<t'.tv.  <%<m*4  froai  »hi|^V«*u  *<**•*••»,  to  lavtstlgaie
Klectlons A*< h«« upfl*n th*** rn***, j vninr*- »«id efent ot th» daagtr.*'
tm* ot tbat wcilon, b»- has i«»m<»d In
stmrtlnnn  tii  th<»  «iiprrlntr>ni?i'nt  of
I'oHr-o ihtxt nil lb* m*n thm rtffi»cf«-»i1
I obeli be brought tatar*   Ur.   Justice
Tin R)*"MttM>r# of th* local lodge of
Xi'iiW.t' tlMllTnWfiT";   t-TiTm-rWr---*   <*.,.*  'M-V*,   t,.„ r,   ,,n   *«•.-■   X*       T*(,   •.•",-•*   * '-M*  Vn
land: age 10 yeart, w*«!gh1 110 pound"!.,jfl*ir*» will tben b* thai tb* men *h«?l bt>* f-m h
height I feet 4 laches, tray hair, tjnti 1 formally sentenced to a term equalling f th* l'i
heard of February a. IMS, when he
left Itreseau mines, Alberta: nuppowd
there io Vancouver, ll.C lilt another
It very aaxloua to bear from bim ant
any information will be gladly received by SAMI'ISI* PATON, Hillahoro. lit.
—P. M. W. of A. Journal.
it,,,* tftff., (,-f, *Pfl*r!fl(\*T f*«-i«r\
1%*\ *r, h »V«"lsl tervlre heW tn
'rMtbyt-trian Chunh to temmoom*
tbe period whleb ihey had already ttr-Irate tbe r»-!b anniversary of tbt order.
v*>d when th*y were awaltlB* trial.      |    Tb* K<t   Mai*Qn»rr> preached   m
t*me4y tm tb* ■*>•»«•»hat p*cttllar sit-f **kkh **» grwatty AHM-ettaied by all
mi Ion  nbieh  detaloped  *n<l  ubl-rh
the coacrtaasion. Special aeag net*
tie*'* on* alto rendered by th* choir
•ad a ttwmt #-*-it*M*.
Tb* football   mPttb   betwrmn   tb*
thrvatened to dUfMwhlt* the mee
mtteetet. Mr. ttowtor, in •<-rordaa-f*
with hit oath of offic*. was forced lo
preseeuie In th* first ttstanc*, hut la
The Monthly tea of Ladles' Aid will j doing ko took the sround that Justice i> tnni UalMMto) Uum aad the IU-t
be held at th* bom* of ttrt With** on I sbonM be t*mp»r*<t with merry, and to!ntsv tVnti* VYtfrttmn Ctnh. h*td m
thlsenda a«at»*r*f »b* ttr5k*rs «*r*)W*<*-»May wtiving at lf«fb*« P«v*,
rwleated on suspended tentrac*. Let- th* ******* In of whlrh w*rs eelrsettbed
tr m, nn bmmt -»t tb* pttUtv &tpntt- i-e lb* Viir'tUii, faM, mm a v*ri
moat, ho we* *all*d upon to pir* forth- mm* sa»t falrfy srwtl -attended,
•r *vld*u«* of Ibto eeaakl*rat* atll- nigwlam. be**v*r, ptevei te be tm,
toto, lor relief trat dfttrtb-eted anient- airoeaer aatnvatieft. de«ettiaa th*
tt »h* ww and thiw fatimwi wbf»tttaff«tfet»*iy team %y $ ittort of ? fl.
Tiweday, May 4U»,
Bvtnlug » to io.
from 3 .ue to a.
All "Mr***'' ahoetd be at the IK, P.
Hall on atoeday aeat at f p m therp.
Dent forget yew agrienKnra! impte- PAGE TWO
The  Proposed
Bill For B. C
As   Chairman   of   the   Workmen's  Ity is payable it shall be computed and
Compensation Act Committee of the
ilritlsh Columbia Federation of Labor,
the writer has dealt with the Compensation Acts of British Columbia, Ontario, Washington and England specifically and with the general application
of the compensation principle throughout the various countries of the world.
Those articles have appeared  in*.the
he payable from the date of the disability.
(4) This sectiou shall not apply- to
a person whose employment is of a
casual nature and who is employed
otherwise than for the purpose of the
employers' trade or business.
Large Percentage Excluded
It will  be seen that sub-section A
il. C. Federationist and also in thej of Section I provides that compensa-
Uistrict Ledger, the official organ of,lion shall only*be paid in cases where
the I'nited'Mine Workers'In the Crowsj the accident disables the workman
Nest Pass. At the request of,Mr. John I for more than 14 days, a provision that
Oliver, formerly member.of the prov-1cuts off 76 or 77 per cent of those In-
Inclal legislature for the constituency Muredin industry from receiving any
of Delta: now Liberal candidate in the j benefits. In the State of California,
constituency of Dewdney, a draft act J where a  similar rule is in force, of
prepared by him, was analysed in a
recent issue of the-Federationist, one
of the principal objections to it being
thai it places a. premium on the employment of aliens by providing that
payment of compensation shall not be
made to dependents who ate not residents of tho province of British Columbia.
Bowser Introduces Draft
At ilie last session of the legislature,
Mr. Ilowser introduced a draft Compensation Act which was laid over .until llu; next session of the House, in
oiV.er. as he slated, to secure the cri-
•iM'snis and advice of both employer
and employee in regard to its contents.
As it Is not unlikely that the' Conservative Tarty will endeavor to make considerable political capital of this proposed legislation in the forthcoming
campaign, particularly ..■iii" constituencies whero there is a large industrial
population, it is fell that an analysis
of the draft should be made at the present time.
. Many Occupations Omitted
Section 2 deals with interpretations.
Manufacturing is there defined as follows: ^Manufacturing shall include
making, preparing, altering, repairing,
ornamenting, printing, finishing, pack-
2-*.!»!U accident cases, only 3438, or
13.25 per cent received compensation,
the balance being excluded under the
should be taken into account. Originally in that State, separate forms were
provided for the employer and the injured workmen and in that way off!
cers of the Insurance Commission had
the opportunity-of comparing the two
versions as to how the accident occurred. A change was made providing that both parties report under the
same form,.thus compelling.'the workman to submit liis report to tho scrutiny and perhaps'approval of his employer and preventing, on many occasions, the exposure of dangerous working conditions that, should at once
have been brought to the attention of
the Commission and the factory Inspectors. This section also provides
thai, a workman must notify the employer as well as the Board by delivering notice of the accident, by hand
II days, provision.     in the State of or'registered letter to both parties, the
necessity for the Injured workman notifying the employer not being quite
clear. Failure to give notice wi&in
the prescribed period does not necessarily prejudice the payment of compensation, but again it is left to the
Commission as eto whether such payments shall be i-made.     .
Recognizing the human limitations,
it'" would appear ..that altogether too
much discretionary power in vital mat-
Washington, Mr. John H. Wallace,
formerly member of the Industrial Insurance Commission, is authority for
the statement that 7" per cent are
shut out from the benefits of the legislation under such a clause. Although
'Mr.-.Bowser has«followed the Ontario
Act, prepared by Chief Justice (Meredith generally, this is "a serious departure, as the Ontario measure, in
force since January I, 1915, stipulates
a waiting period of only one week.
Casuals Are Not Voters
Sub-section I provides that' the entire section shall not apply to a person
wohse employment is of a casual nature
and who is employed otherwise than
for the purposes of the employer's
trade or business. Give this * subsection its broadest possible meaning,
all transient and migratory workers—
those who are employed for a day or
two at a time at work other than the
regular trade or business of their employer are not to receive any benefits from the provisions of tlie bill.
Building trades workmen, those en-
aged in uny form of repair where re-
son or be applied iu such manner as
the Board may deem best for the advantage of the child.-
(») The compensation payable as
provided by sub-sectlpn (1) shall not in
any case exceed 5i> per cent of the
average monthly earnings of the workman mentioned iii section 37, and if
the compensation payable under that
subsection would in any case exceed
that percentage it sball.be reduced accordingly, and where several persons
are* entitled to monthly payments the
payments shall be reduced accordingly.
It will be seen that in case of death
the widow receives a flat rate .monthly
payment of $20 with an addition of
$5 for each child undei- the age of 16
years and not exceeding in the whole
$40 a month. But under sub-section
5, provision Is made to still- further reduce these flat rate payments, if they
exceed in the aggregate 55 per cent of
tlie monthly average earnings of the
Both Systems Used to r.ecuce Benefits
The flat rate system is evidently
used for the purpose of keeping the
maximum payments at a low figure
aud the percentage ls still further used
for the same purpose. The rates of
payments, where considered on a flat
rate or a percentage basis are In every
case too low for this western country.
Whoever is responsible for the draft
Act, is to be credited with some very
skilful manoeuverlng * to. avoid following the best precedents on this question.
In case of death, the dependents of
a workman receiving an annual wage
of $2000, the highest allowed, aro compelled to accept the same flat rate payment as those whose bread-winner was
in receipt of less than half* that sum.
Not content with that discrimination,
the dependents of the low paid workman are not to receive the benefits of
the establishment of an average flat
rate but are, If the flat rate allowance
is more,than 55 per cent, of the wages,
to be still further reduced, an arrangement that is neither fair nor equitable
to either the  high  or the low  paid
ters affecting the workman is to be workman
allowed to the Commission and lt"wllljDead Workers Fees Paid, Others Pay
be" better for ail concerned if the in-j Their Own
tention  of  the. • Attorney-General  was'
clearly stated .by withdrawing the objectionable  discretionary   power  altogether. ■''■'.
Cost of Medical   Examinations
majority of the smaller cities of the
country. .Surely the 50 per cent standard is too low to permit wage earners
to live properly under normal conditions."
■Comparing the proposed British Columbia payment of 55 per cent, without
any first aid provisions, which are estimated to consume 50 per cent of the
amodnt paid, it would appear, as
though, the British Columbia workman
is to actually- receive, not 55 per cent
out 27% per cent as compared with
61 per cent in California and 15 per
cent in Winsconsln and, under the circumstances, it is possibly just as well
that Mr. Bowser laid over for further
consideration his draft Act which con-1
taipp so many provisions that are not
in harmony with the best practice
which he claims to be so anxious to
Chief Justice Meredith's Trenchant
*. Reply
■It might be urged that it would be
unfair to the British Columbia manufacturer to handicap him in his competition with the manufacturers of other provinces and other countries, but
this argument cannot be better answered than by quoting Sir William
.Meredith in his reply to the Ontario
manufacturers on the same question.
He stated:
"The scale of compensation which I
propose was strongly objected to by
the Association sb being unfair to the
manufacturer, and as imposing upon
him a burden that would handicap him
iu his competition with the manufacturers of other provinces and other
countries, and would tend to divert
manufacturing from this province to
other provinces in which less onerous
laws are in force. It was also urged
that the scale of compensation was
higher than in any other country. The
last objection, if a valid one, means
that there can He no progress beyond
the point which, has now been reached
by- the country which has provided the
highest scale of compensation, for if
the objection is valid as to the proposed legislation it would be an equally valid objection to any increase In
the compensation proposed for the
i country which now  provides for the
Local Union Directory, Dist. i8,lI.M.W? A
No. 2314...
- Meet first and, third' Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Pernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club HaU, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.'—T.
Uphill, Sec., Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's HaU.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633 .
Meet every alternate Suhday at
2.30 p.m. In the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnston, Sec.
No. 1387
,   Meet  every  Sunday.   Slclf and
Accident Benefit Society attach,
ed.—Michael   Warren, 'Sec,  Can-
no re. Alta.
'   ' No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p,m.
tn Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries.
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
.Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
ln School House, Burmis, No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec
Passburg, Alta,
No, 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—-Mack Stigler.
No. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m.   ln   the   Opera   Houso,
Coleman.—,1.  Mitchell.  Sec.  Box
106, Coleman.
Provision" is made for the examination of disabled workmen by a physician or by the medical referee of the
j In Section 30 In -cases where a workman leaves no dependents, the Board
I is permitted to pay for the expense of
the medical attention and for care during his disability and for his burial
and this Is the ouly reference -made
throughout the draft to the payment of
what is known generally as "First Aid"
Commission, under Section 22. While , provisJons for ti)e injured. In tho
nothing is said as to where these ex- gtate3 flf Wisconsin and California,
animations shall take place, or who is j provjsion ls maAe for the payment of
to bear the cost of transportation, tojaU doctors and hospital fees and any-
the point of examination, it will be j neceSBary appliances" required by the
ing, Assembling the parts of and adapting-for use or sali' any article or commodity." It will be noted that transportation of the various products is
fiot ln-cludc>ri, although under Schedule
I. heavy teaming and cartage is included. Literally Interpreted, this
mean-i that light teaming, auto'chauffeurs, longshoremen, freight handlers,
and, all this class of labor Is excluded
from the benefits of the new Act.
What it a Person
"Workman" is defined nm including a
"person" but no definition for the word
"person' is furnished as in the majority
of Compensation Acts In other parts of
Aiiterlin, and unless the interpretation
act of the province of British Columbia makes provision for the lucluison
of both -ar-xfis, all women workers are
prevented from receiving compensation.- TIiIk construction may appear
re miirkable but under a decision of the
Supreme Court of the province of New
11niti*-w!ci.;, it wan hfhl, ou tho nppll-
easy  to  understand  that,  if th"  ex-j ^1™^, <iuriMg Uie .'period of his dis.
t^..^^.,..._-..«..,^.^j...^i..^«.^^iniufl±louj.f jL^ar^manJu.the,^
'pnTi**=-=iTuri\—i3~«OirHH-d=r-csviaiHJuniii'*****D;?=r*i=i *^ , ailITILJ , itnueillgrCBUUTftreu inUT 1.11C  £1111
Nest Pass or Kootenay districts is or-, ount liaW for thIs serviC(j lB eqUai to
de'red to be made in the City of Van '
of their employer are, under these
provisions, excluded. Beading this
section with sub-section A which, as
lias been shown, shuts out "7 per cent
of tlio injured workmen, it will be seen
that the provisions of the bill are intended to apply to a very small percentage indeed. *vv
Intimidation of Workers Invited
Section 17 is as follows:
O) Where tho compensation Ib payable by au •employer Individually, no
agreement between a workman or dependent and the employer for fixing
the amount oX the compensation, or by
which the workman or dependent accepts or agrees to accept a stipulated
sum in 1 itm or in satisfaction of It,
nliall be binding on the 'workman or
dependent unless It is approved by the
(21 Sub-Heft ion Hi shall not apply
to compensation for temporary disability lastliiR for less than four wedk*.
lint in such cune** the Board may, on
cation of Ml** Mabel French, a young |u,B application of the workman or de-
woman mini* admitted im a barrii?ter 11„<,uit,nt) w,t ti«lt!p thr Agreement on j Sottlon 2* and 20.
i0 per cent of the amount in com-
couver or Victoria, and the workman j jjensv,tion. The State of California
Is requested to pay the coBt of trans-; 1)ald durIag tho f|rst £ix months of 1914
pollution out of the -compensation, it * $128,272.55 for the services of physi-
is evident that ll would be cheaper for | viaa's mi for medicine.
tho workman to forego his compensa-: -■-,-■      .,     „       ,     ,-.   .
tionrights than to comply with the jHa,f of Compensation Goee for First
medical examination order.
highest scale. The question, in my
opinion, is not what other countries
have done but what does justice demand shall be done. I have no fear
that if the bill should become law it
will handicap the manufacturers of this
province as the Association appears to
think it will, or that it will divert
manufacturing from the province.
There has been in force for some years
iu fie ii'ioning province o'. Quebec a
compensa'.-.on law which Imposes upon
employers greater burdens than they
are subjected to by the law of this
nrnvlnrft ami yai II hng not lipp-n'mig.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
S«e., Uanklicad. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, P. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3pm —John
Loughran, Sec
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month'at 10 a.m. ijn
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Harries. Sec.
pasKburg, Alta.
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30,  In Miners' Hall, 12th
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec.-Treas., Box 24.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at .8.30 P.m.
in    thc   Socialist   HaU. — Jamea
Burke,   Sec,   Box   86,   Bellevue,
No. 2877
Mept every second,Sunday nt 2
o'clock  In   the  Club  HaU,    Sick
Benefit  Society    attached,—R.
Garbett, sec, Corbin, 'B.C.
No. 3026
Meet  every  Sunday* afternoon,
2.30,   at   Boarding   House.     Sick
and   Accident   Fund  attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
No. 1263
Meet Sunday after each pay
day, 3 "o'clock, in (Miners' Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
E. Morgan, Secretary.
Try a Ledger Ad.
Railways Given Advantage
. Where compensation is paid by an
employer individually, the employer la
permitted to commute the weekly payments for a lump sum, equal to 75 per
cent of the annual value of the weekly
or periodical payment* and In other
cusuh of such an amount as the Bonrd
may deem reasonable. " Why the railroads and subsidiary organizations
should be permitted to commute payments for "i, per cent of their value Is
a mystery. They are all large, powerful corporations und there doe* not
appear to he any justification whatever
to permit thom to secure mich nil advantage n» tliey nre receiving under
in •tlio province of 'Ilritlsh Columbia. J B,K.|, i0rni« ax mn.V be doomed Jmst
lhat a woman is uot a "person" and1 ,;i, xothins In ilil* section shull be
»-on»e«.|uenfly could not be permitted dp,,,,,,,,) t0 nWhorlxe ,hp making of
lo take advantajri' of the Legal rro-*tt„y „„c|t agreement except wlt'h re-
fenmm Act of that province. The HpOTt t0 an accident that has happened
wiiimi df-rUlon bat) been mnde by th*>; niu, ,|„, compensation to whlrh the
Court of Ap|»eal of the Province of* workman or dependent ba* become en-
Ilritlsh Columbia and it («m» found >»♦*- tltl«»d heennse ot It,
rentary to imvu H|»eelul legislation lo ,„ <ertS|n rmeu thl* section pro-
permit M!*» French to b« admitted to: vWeB t^nX tj»,» employer may Mettle
Hi.' liar      Follnwln* tho dwlnlon of-„;-,}, .lu, snj,m.*.j workman or depend-
Hiii Now  ItrutiHwIcb court, a  woman:  f„r mmn ],.»„ t|wn they would be
*>*>.<h uii«»U'«i j-uiS tbntiK-wl aU.4 .Mnn;i>ntn!iil to undpr Hip provlntonii of the
ilniutt and disorderly The ttetene*t\ri ilM\ wj,|, [|,„ |.Hp(»rleni'c already
«•:,'- tin! und-i-r the- th-t'A.m, Jim: nm'. iUil ,,, ,j„. gull, ,,f Wdnhiiixtuti H
. il, a woman uot !m>|hk a |«*Mori, could \ wa„|,j „,,,„ nr that workmen are Intuit be charRed. tbe <;»w beln«r#dl*ml»*- ;tiiniiltite<l by employer* and eompelled
ed, Ci,;.**iilir:iiij the lame numbtsr of' ...,f ,|„.j- ,irvtn. t0 retain ihelr em-
idrl* an.l women now engaged In in   |,|„VI„<,iit   \,> nettle their claim* for
Scale* of Compensation
Hi'cuoti :t'.l deals with the acalo of
compeii-HHilon to be pnid and read* as
:i:t ni Whore death re*ult* from an
Injury, the «mount of the compen»a-
tion Khali be:
(it) The neccBiary expenses of the
burial of the workman, not exceeding
lb) Where the widow or sn Invslld
w'li'owff'i- (m the «'i'e (InnietifliMit, -i monthly piiymiint of 120;
dl Where the dependent*   ar»   a
i Aid
J If the Attorney-General I* still desirous of following the best praotlce of
other countries*,.-.the very Important
provisions for medical and hospital
treatment should be included, because
if the reports of the Industrial Accidents Commissions of' the two states
referred to are correct, one half of the
compensation wblch It Is proposed lo
pay In this lUIll will be eaten up by
doctors and hospitals, not forgetting
that where Commissions have been
handling this branch they have been
able to make arrangements with the
medical fraternity that pornnlt of much
lower rates being secured than is possible for an individual workman.
California, Ohio, New York Ratei
rnder Section 37 and fin, It Is proposed that disabled workmen are to
receive fifi per cent of their average
wage*, based on n computation not tn
excess of 12000 a year, with eorrea-
ponding reductions tn the case of par*
tlally disabled workmen for any wages
tbey mny bo able to earn In some
suitable occupation. Here again the
workman, without actually receiving
gested that any such results as are
prophesied by the Association have
followed frbm. the enactment of the
Quebec law.
"In order that it may. be seen
whether the division of the burden between the employer and workman is
fair, it may be well to point out how
it will be divided under the provisions
of the proposed law. The workman
will bear (1) the loss of all his wages
for seven days If his disability does
not last longer than that; (2) the pain
and the suffering consequent upon his
injury; (3) his outlay for medical or
surgical treatment, nursing and other
necessaries; (4) the loss of 45 per cent
of his wages while his disability lasts;
and if his injury results in his being
maimed or disfigured he must gc
through life bearing that burden also,
while all that the employer, will bear
will be the Injured workman's wises
while disability lasts.
"The burden which the workman is
required to boar he cannot shift upo.i
th* shoulders of anyone'else, but the
employer may, and no doubt will, shift
his burden upon the shoulders ot the
community, or If he haa any difficulty
In doing that will by reducing whites
compel them to bear part of It.
"It is contended that it Is unfair to
require the employer to pay compensation during the llfe-tlme of the workman because In many cases It wtll
mean tbat the workman will receive
compensation   for   a   period   during
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq- President   ELIA8 ROGER8, Esq., Vlee-Pres.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at errant rate from date of deposit.
subsequent employment, may have his J which. If he bad not been Injured he
•A'lewvnee  Mured on th* mttfl-t^te   rtuuliJ' bAxv bcc« otablc to-vixru Ra*u»
Will* Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Polidee
or other ytlutbles In one of these boxes
Xo doubt that will be the result In
nome e««e«, but on the other hand, Ihe
of i. medical referee that he Is able to
imrn, although  not actually earning
> widow or an invalid widower and one | through his Inability to secure employ*! workman   loses   any   advantage   he
I «»r more children, » monthly payment j men! after the referee ba* certified j would hare derived, hod he not been
«f |-.m». with «n .iddStlonsI monthly pay-J Mint he in able to work j Injured, from an Incresse la bis wages
intent «r fi for emit child under thi i    Hftv-flve per cent U nol eonsldsrtd owing to an Improvement In his posl-
i:m> iif iii yenrx, not exceeding In thejisy t'ew of ihe experience of varlo'i* tion, or to an lorreas* of hi* earning
Kilffli'li'fiflj' lirn-n! to Iitr'tide fewm!'**.  ■;
The** Cntttitd te Compensation
t-tmt-oti * of the draft rea*ls •* fol-
Ht**.  ' ;
lii v.,i, (.-.,! .it.i i m•»>)>)mi-iit to
■Hhl'li th** inn appllet-., iiersonst injur! >*,. >,-,-.iil,Mi» .-irfirn* etii of <tnt1 In
tt.t< iou.m i,: Ui,- . iujjIi... u.i ui U, »fu-r
•i il.iv in !.<• i.uiHil In Piwl-iimntliw of
Use  I,|eiit*t«i.t4»<j*er««r  In  CoonHI,
*.*«**■. ,t> .* until iti mm. ty* mmp*t»t*.1
..,,,,, ., .,.,„,-■• ... *,,..,.,„■« .1. .11 V")
*tiiui>. i-ti-it-lt-jti 'it tl**' tn*n*i*tf n»4 >u
«»m» # 1 (I*-!,r  »M»T»'«!riif»ii'ir -nne-wllKMBiwI. *r*
e*pt where th* Injury	
i;»t Um."- not -ll.-'.ible tbe worknvin
.1.1    t»c    K<l,^.   «•*.    *.    MHWki   »«■*»•.««to
day* fr«.m earning full er««e» al the
\X aihlngton pay* $ of a workman who la under the age ot
r,o iter cent; Cslirurnlu, 86 per cent: numi)-on* year* wben Injured, Ihe
enntpenaatlon I* based on the w«'ge»
the  workman  wss reevltrlnc at  the!
 . rO*rV*TH»^W*OllMATK>H Am.TT»
B. Fowltr, Manager Fernlo Branch
doairial mirw.li,. I. la tmperatIve that ,on.Iderable le*. than they would re* * (,„    „       ,„ mamMf f,r „; ^ ,   m
Mnnenion be ro define-  **   O m.he  ;, fvf, „ ,»,„Sr ,„,, wr„. p.,^ „,„,„       ^ ^^ ^ m^f ^^
It after«v:irdt lm|*n*tlble lo set up Ihe j„ (|u, fjri< in«t;inee Hy the ln»ur:in«e
Weie,,,- ,h,. the iHternfiatlon l« not cmmlnUinw*.     Tbe provlaion -that;,,„„„„,.,„,,, ,„, „„ mmttt w om a, s„w Vftrk> m u. 0hlo, M M, W|BII.
ihi, .rrHweiiMiit *m in* n,-* Uy «'»«'; „.ein. n iiMii.ii,l» |«><n«i< of tW. **.*- \ eoiwiit. «&. and On«»r»o At,     New let-
<'ommWM.»ii«'i   I'm** noi alter the * t #b(>)) |jw <oriH|1||| wmM ha¥0 »uiney, which torworty paid M per rent,; time of ht* Injarr. t
ii«ifoti materially and merely ir*n»- j (!(|||Wl ,hf) mf> ftf,w$m „„,, ytmn w i(- ftt m mmit m„{an of |(, „,,,„„, I   It|| .^^ -^ ^ ^^ ^ mM (^ j
f... ti... rtt^tti « . iu   r.»w     * "*"nj«t tinn liter prnoo n* the itoard may lure making provision for an ineHMMe, i x^ ^HtBt^n t. re<tNlre4. oa the prteol
ii'ei-m lw»i; tto thin question we eannot do better *0[ iha. t«x»u#BiMittoo ho I* to fteeifOr!
«„, **„^*,**i,iu ,mM,. the wurkmen »    iU   W,,*'r'* ^' ml* 4*5»e»det.i* *re,h«a o,«ot«. Mr. 1. A Parte, of Mas»*ito iliri»BI,«r hl, right to damage* ■»
r       7TI*.Ze*TTib^1^e^^unn 0!hrr '"** lb°*" •"•»•'»"•*/"'•^•« '"<"•»«'«•« *«"*"* »"flr«' ""jdortheeooinHmlaw.lf hi. lelorjr bar-1
--.«. .irtxii. ..^nttiifA •tll«r.■l,,!,* ;""' -*wV,mUimi" M lhi' »•*«*'-1   "»mkik» siww Ui*t Oxuv* uttt l«. i him bf lh<J mmmm „„ ,„ fteovtr, or. I
*ere y»rii»iii| «onnwitea •"^ jar/toM ll} ^^ .epBodenia oeeasioliwl i«««.««» working »w»oirf» In the United i „ Wr, w.„mM **** mhhm ♦« «.»»««• «et« '*'
«j me «rai«i. in ,*m ammmtmn nt toe plates wbo earn in average of le*«inn)1^r f|„, wnt%w*w*« -fow-eewwrtioe'
,..,_,... .,.1. ...ii, ,..<"*,,,>* ■„   ...» .,,.,,!• vu,tu *4mwu * >«*r, nun mm. *,*>*• x&n*t i,^ |n)nrie* Ael, hi* Htht to the like1
.•«.« W.tl..* t^ta^A either lha.. be   *'" m """^ »ttmili**   «!»«*«"««   •   I»|Hll«tlo»     Of l^mm tt fcf mWM be entitled t« tt}
T1Z* tlit?^ "*'* th*  *™ ^''M *"'T %'frm'"%mm'*m'm''    n*^m'^ eo»«ooi.», limiiod. howtvtr. loan
a party to tbr iwltey of tw ™[***n''* |et«w#* «fi of *«l^*o«|o» ill. tte m- person* who tro affected hr the scale tIiemil m nmettnp   throo   yetrtf!
■sard Fuoetloe* a* gmallI Debt Coon.  m,Mt ^^ ront,nM onjy »0 long as or ro»*M'uaatlon  *'bi»tt IneauacUy -ori«.,w«1Yr«!v#e -**«-,.*,*a*.r ta ib* lir***-
,*m i»m* wi>«hmm m *m* *m***m ** tw.KHk ,tr*in «*•?!•-■«*>• toe ores* •inner.    tI0B,« t
w!itii4 lo a»»«* a**l»n«»nt* and »t'jWMM>,, fc,,,, i^, mtpertei, bnt     -With an «v.f*«* ware of Am than |
p'ot'er  where  If  ttrnjierty hetont*.
tn«» t'<ntitni,*»:«Hi, i»«»» eroatiitR ilimni»t
the Hl.ite of Wmhinuon where »-t»rk-!
*     ,* , i*
r-vj   *,,   -nitr-n-n*   ».|t,.«,  *it*t-i   >i-trteen**   I*'
l<en of ihelr tell efilm, lh«r r«n»ml«-
Oo* Commissioner Cannot Handle
flection 41 deal* with tbo appointment of tho Commissioner tnd eon-|
trary to the prattle* adopt*! In nllfl
werk at whfch he wa* omploywl: or J***1"*?,1* ^ ******' * ^^ »J« \ the norkman livod. ht wonld have %m orevsltlng thmnghont the ITnltod
ihi 1* iftritatabl* nolety to tho " *,«n3,"r *• *i,lfl*,• ** «B», »*"»»{,*« tontleeet to eon-rt hole to the wpfMrt mate«, a M per tmt scale of mom
serioa*  wnMI  mltronmn ot the ** ,lfc* fT^l.T*,*!* Z^m^i* «* **>mtt*tntti. penaition ia absolotely In.d^uat., on-
workmsn   onlo«» tbe Injury foaaHa'™' "w,<w' tM"«*ta M,w ™,1*"j    IS. Whore tb#w are both total aad f*« »nd tsUNsM*.     Tha Jfa» York
f>, ,*!„-,.♦, „- -i-mrtM. ittmblemmel *'r* '° *,(Wl*B"*,,J" *rt •" * *",r*f **'■ miM t*ri*Wit*nTit. lb* *tmp*it*itlmi'att-e rWmwie* nt i-btrim-t unit mr*
*l,' when th» adttaat arwie oai e* - * H;n  lbwe h»M,,s  'T™! * *"T »"•» beoMoWni pattly lo lha total and ree.km. d~We4 that WIS »a* lha ^j«**w etato* aad provla^a «hat» Ihla
....   ,„.,■■.■ 7.    ',|f.^„ *h, ^wtrin*  *«t'-m«« and tbe btottlmirtm* o*4*tiJ<;tr,,}  to ,M pnrffn, ^p*ft,fw», *r,.*3,,r,   fnMm,-* ro ,,,:;0„* a (mu.y of
y ,kou"i*. a *Jwii b* pmnomoA that H "** v' '■    m Wkrw ike Bonrd l» ol tke opin- Ji-ve to maintain a fairly trtpar nine-
ftrr-nmd »m the tramta* ol tb* amplm■? It^arata Htpeita ftam Bath Parties ■■■ fa* n^t fur nmy rmnm It I* »#*e*«tnr * 4**r* et ItvlOt b* Hew ftpb eMjr and
mtml, fiit'ie** the rm mt n*t*i »• nbtmn, tt * »*tiinm » •!«-*i* with th* form of., mt ■Hm*ir*t*i* that n jtajmani tn t««i#tt; vlefnttr. not mmlpbott In hia hook
•**ik be i»r»*am*ed that tt ntm** mm e* ..ootit-e that lw* t» bt sont bf th* om-iol a chtti »h*«W awt ho m*Om Alee*liy * 'Th* ittaniNH of M-rino* adds thai tt
-%», aifttifH-wtoifit pttoytt *%! ***** mr*!* «**■ »i«tiwr*e»«e^ti» «• fmnm*, the ntuvnt rnnp «W*K Jwajr be mttl fWWlw*'-! ■ObttAot fW*
reamwbmitmmmea ibtil Ib* r**tm**t *** w##e In *n**t p**" 'l* no* fori Mwtt Wffffmwm fVhrffli* hff»»
form of letlrtstlon ba* hem wasod?
Mr, Uowaer iwipiswi lo anoint obtfl
one eea*ml«elen*r Ian!end   of   three.!
It ia no* felt that aaf oae man ean
havt a tofftefsttt bopotnAm bt tha ii-j
Firet Aid to Tired
lltn and wotntn with bmntiv* ftniua ara too-
atta lift Itt ifKaVftafftap nimtiiMi ann MMMkua ft#k U^vltftaei ftWa
*mWwm#y    mew w wmtnPO^L   ^mmmjpr ^poomm   om^^^^mm^-m   wmo  PP^^MOpmmp   ■••■■^^^
labor «f tht Iwmttirtft.   Eooro tWvm-rtmf.-m t4
notntwofK n mciuotQi ano iittuv wi niv ior
m^^^nmoBA  tout p^mp^m^mPtPtUP mmia^^m-mtpm m mJj|  wAAA AmbAt^kn^ PttttAbAb OPtbMb
■VtmAAwA^P w^P  S^-^^iWWpe mSt*^F oA-^moO^py *tw^^h w^^P   pppo/Mi^p ^wb-^^^ mmeve
tttmloT tbtindant hdp.
To btp potttd li thnt product* fttd tht oA-
^^^^gjL&^t^^^^ ^^^■^-^^j^^^        Ui^l ju^uu -jlMbJI mppnttAmioAmPmtbbAA AmtPPAP
Tffiuatn| connntm.. toh nav aai nuwmutuij am
wiB mro monty m tOfnttUnc thtt wUI tntlik
you to devota mott %-mo to tht family ctfcW.
Yob wty not hi wMt le ttuon ttotttAsUtb^ tttt
thtrt wt aomt ttaaag* you eaimot ommA to do
.1* X1>*iw *tmp*m**it*m *** ■****b'1->*f   f1i*   VPntblnrtrm
,-^jy^wh»ilwy..,*yl i*pm*t^-m»ttP(ipm:ft   i
r'(*l'"??*fl^t^1**iP*l^r*Ptl*^^ 1 THE DI8TBICT LEDGER, FEENIE,   B. C, MAY 1,1915
For B. C.
' <Cemtta«ed from Paste T-wei
will be required to consider to give
satisfaction to everyone. The employers will of necessity demand the
appointment of a representative who
will understand their viewpoint and, it
the Commission, is to be their representative, then the degree of co-operation that can bo expected from organizations of workmen will necessarily
be small. The' best practice, as results have shown, has been to appoint
a commislson of three, one to represent the working people, with a chairman of sufficiently large calibre to
place him above necessity bf truckling, for the trade advantages of the
employing class or the personal popularity of workmen, to either one side
or the other. Only in Ifiln way can
a working degree of harmony be secured between tbe various interests affected by legislation of this kind.
Board Office Should be In Industrial
The location of the Board's offices
Is to bo fixed at Victoria and Without
entering into any inter-city argument
there appears1 to be only one reason
why such a location would be desirable
and that Is to prevent the necessity of
duplication^ ot staff that may be already available in the department of
the Minister ot Finance. The main
objection to the location is that Victoria ts not the center ot the Industrial
life, either of the province or the coast
district, and to locate It in thot city
is merely to prevent a large proportion of those having business with the
Board from doing it in person. In
California although tbe capital Is Sacramento, it has been found necessary
to have the main office of tbe Com-
-mission in San Francisco and the same
reasons tbat make that policy necessary in that state prompt tbe suggestion that Vancouver is a location to be
Strengthening the Machine
Section 54 provides that employees
are to be. engaged and discharged'by
the 'Board, but only with the approval
of tbe Lieutenant-Governor in Council.
This leaves the way open for the criticism that the Board is not to be per-
mltted to secure the best employees
in the first instance'or tbe best service from Its employees, because of
the Inability to hire or discharge without reference to the government. -The
average citizen will appreciate what
tbat means. It will not be any length
of time before the employees will be
running the Board instead of the
Board the employees, and in otber
countries it has been found necessary
to divorce, as far as possible, the commissioners and the employees from
political Influences.
More Advantages for Railways
Under the provisions of Mr Bowser's
draft, in consideration of permitting
railways to pay their workman's compensation Individually, (Section 59,
sub-section 4), Injured workman are allowed certain rights of suit under the
common law and under the. Families
Compensation Act, but under this subsection the Board Is glvon jurisdiction,
upon the application of. the employer,
to determine whether the workman
shall be permitted to take advantage
of these other rights or whether he is
bound.by the ordinary provisions of
the Compensation Act. That is another instance where the Board is given too much discretionary power in
matters over which it should have no
control andv if the injured workmen
on railways are to have certain privileges against the companies tbey
should be allowed to exercise those
privileges in tbeir own discretion.
Power of Board to Exclude Industries
The Board is given power under
Section TO to withdraw small industries from the provisions of tbe Act
but the reason for this is not' made
clear. If there are any industries
which require to be kept under the
more stringent provisions, it is the
small ones wbere tbe danger of insolvency is greater and where the experience of the factory inspector leads
him to expect, greater disregard for
safety than in the larger factories. To
exempt many ot these small industries simply has the effect of still further reducing the number of Injured
workmen, already too small, who may
expect to receive compensation.
Truckling to Farmers
As tn many other Acts, farm laborers, domestic and menial servants are
ftTaBl-lidftf1 trnth lta P^vto-'o""      ,11. Ib bh.
sumed that this class of labor is excluded to appease the rural members
Qf the legislature wbo might offer objection and possibly not permit the bill
to become law. It would appear-as
though the farm laborer engaged in
■thrashing John Oliver's crop, or In
milking prize cows on Price-Ellison's
ranch, should be as much entitled to
compensation for injuries as any other
class in the community. Merely to
follow the lead of other legislatures
where the farmers compose a large
part of the electorate does not appear
to be sufficient justification to exclude the few farm laborers in the province of British Columbia. Domestic
or menial servants may mean servants
in residence or, by a broad interpretation, may be made to apply to employees in hotels apd restaurants, it
being contended frequently that waiters, bar tenders and the other employees about hotel premises are filling menial occupations. If this contention Is correct and these too are excluded then the number to whom the
Act will apply will again be further reduced.
Mr. Bowser's Act is based on the correct principles and if amended ln accordance with the criticisms the writer has made at the public Invitation of
the Attorney-General, it will then compare favorably with the best legislation in America. »
PARIS, April 24.—Some extraordinary statements regarding sweatshop
wages in tbls country were brought
out in the senate yesterday, during the
debate on a bill to fix a minimum living wage throughout France by. the
boards created by the government
Jean .Moret said that between 000,000
and 1,000,000 women in France are now
enduring insupportable servitude and
receiving wages'barely   sufficient   to
maintain life.
M, iMoret, Henry Cheron, and   Ed-
ouard Heriot submitted masses of details on the subject. It also stated
that 27 per cent, of the workers at
home on household linen goods make
from two and one-tenth cents to four
cents per hous by Intense industrial
efforts. In some provincial centres
nay for such work is one cent per
hour. In Paris 14 per cent, of the
women working upon undergarments,
make a maximum of $40 yearly.
Makers of artificial flowers, employing
much taste and manual dexterity, were
able to make fn the best season from
80c. to $1 per day, but not more than
50 ever are able to get beyond 30 to
40c. In tbe provinces, women working
upon underwear and ready-made clothing are able to make only 10 to 12c. a
day in most cases, and rarely as much
question of how such women are able
to live. He cited one case of a woman
who "makes 10c. a day. She paid 13c.
a day on an average for bread, cheese
and vegetables, leaving 6c. a day for
lodging and clothing. Another case
was that of a woman who had a child
to support. The mother began to sew
at tbe machine at 3 o'clock in the
morning and worked all day and part
of the night. She was able to earn
25c. a day, but could afford nothing
more to eat than soups. The bill passed its first reading In the senate. It
bad already passed the chamber in
November, 1911.
The shocking state of affairs revealed by the above by special leased wire,
has been cons-Vered of sufficient Importance to bc given prominence in tte
Read it very carefully ana then think
of the extraordinary efforts now being
made on tbe northern portion of that
country where this million unfortunate
women dwell to prevent them being
exploited by the hated foreigner!
If a few women and children nro
killed by bombs dropped from Zeppelins the throwers guilty of such atrocities are rightly dubbed Baby Killers.
Then, by comparison, what must we
consider a fitting epithet to bestow
upon those responsible for nearly one
million women suffering death by
Also take note that they who are
doing this are not foreigners but their
own (!) countrymen.
Of course'some of ..our "holier-than-
thou" apologists may flatter themselves or at least try to point out
that under the .British conditiona are
not quite so bad. To all such we would |
ask them to stop a little before being {
swelled with national pride
fected. This is the mission of the
working class, and by working class is
not meant solely ihe manual worker,
but every he or she who is engaged
in useful necessary labor, whether it
be under, the head of mental or physical employment.
Tom Connors, the Candidate for Fernie
Expounds Doctrine of Party in
Union Hall
Advising his audience to remedy impaired rights by supporting and encouraging the propaganda of the Socialist
Party of Canada,, Tom Connors, of
Fernie, expounded Socialism in the
Miners' Union Hall last night. The
lower hall was practically filled for
the meeting with both men and women
and Mr. Connors, who has spoken here
previously and who is to be a candidate In Fernie riding in the next Provincial Election, proved a fluent speaker,
Substance of Speech
General principles and Socialism as
a world remedy formed the backbone
of Mr. Connor's address. He touched
very briefly at different times upon
local and B. C, politics, his remarks
indicating his belief that Socialism in
the Province will only become effective when it stands upon its own feet.
He criticized the present system by
which Socialism and Labor are mixed
up \vltb the Liberal party, thereby
losing their Identity. The illustration
he used to emphasize this was that of
the tail wagging the dog.
History of Socialism
Mr. Connors went over the history
I from away back until modern limes,
Xo less a person than David Lloyd- j touching upon such important events
iM. Moret, who prepared the senatorial committee's report, went into the
George has made the statement publicly that "about 30 per cent of the
population of Britain are living in the
grip of perpetual poverty." Further
lightt on the subject is furnished by
Booth of Salvation Army fame in
"Darkest England."
These stories have been told dozens,
nay, hundreds of times, and will be oft
repeated in the future, in fact continuously so until the working class
bestirs Itself ln its own behalf. When
that time will arrive none can tell.
There is, however, a growing inclination today not oniy to read the accounts of the innumerable atrocities
committed dally throughout the capitalistic world but also to ask "Why
should these things happen?" More
enquiry as to the basic cause is needed before any real remedy can be ef-
The family remedy for Coughs  and Coldt.
Until doie.   Small bottle.   Beit since 1870.
as the French Revolution,' the passing
and eventual repeal of the corn laws
and the Reform Bill. Citing the word
"revolution" he pointed out the mistake of imagining that this always
meant bloodshed. In support the pictured the development of industry in
England, simultaneous with the bloody
upheaval in France, the former being
a more important revolution than the
Futile Policy
In regard to the attempts of -efor-
mers to bring about better conditions,
he likened them to the man working
hard to wipe up a wet and dirty floor
with tbe tap still running full blist.
Universal suffrage, he said, had been
the demand of our ancestors eighty
years ago, yet when it is proposed today, many rise up or call it too revolutionary and drastic. He defined Socialism and Its teachings and denies
other two parties' platforms was jc-
cepted by Socialists.
Conditions Good Here
Mr. Connors was very emphatic in
stating that Rossland and Trail were
the only two towns in B.C. where conditions were good. Here workmen
were still on duty eight hours a day
while in Vancouver tbe best was only
two or three hours. The latest word
from the Cumberland district of strike
fame, he said, was five shifts a month
for the men who were also rceeiving
Government relief, and might just as
well be ou strike yet.
'British Columbia has been boomed
away beyond where it should have
been, Mr. Connors declared, resulting
in the present set back which started
in before the war was in sight. " He
spoke of the bread line, 2,500 men in
length, in Vancouver and recalled that
most of them owned what they had
considered valuable real estate. Xow
it was valueless and these men were
like the god out in mid river with a
bag of gold tied around his neck; he
would be better without the gold.
Compensation Act
On the subject of the B. C. Workmen's Compensation Act, iho speaker
ridiculed Hon. William Bowser for
copying from the German Act, The
position of the workmen, wjiom the
act was framed to benefit was that
of men who produced and rightfully
owned the world's wealth, receiving
back merely what had been taken
from them.
'He spoke of the Conservative party
as always elected on a railroad policy.
"They certainly have railroaded things
around some, including the unfortunate worKingman," he asserted.
The speaker had a fling at old age
pensions, the Insurance Act of Lloyd'
George, the "advance" in industrial
conditions which resulted in the slums
of such cities as London, Glasgow and
Dublin and at considerable length depicted the growth of the power of
capital, wealth piling up in greater
heaps with misery increasing beside it
Favors Free Love.
John Lee, president of the local Socialistic party presided over the meeting. Answering a question on free
love, after the address, Mr. Connors
said: "I would rather see it free than
for sale as we have lt now in this country."
-A collection amounting to over $10
was taken; several copies of The
Clarion were sold and a pamphlet on
"The Vancouver Island Strike," by J.
Kavanagh was distributed.—Rossland
(The trouble with this "free love"
question, is that many are mixed In
their interpretation, making It a synonym of "free lust," Socialists are
striving for economic freedom to the
Hundreds of People Have
Found "Fnut-a-threa" Their
Only Help
Superintendent ef Sunday School Id
'"Toronto Tells How Ho Cured Himself
of Chronic Rheumatism Aftor Softer,
ing for Year*.
55 Dovrrcourt Road, Oct., ist. 19(3.
''For a long time, I have thought of
writing, you regarding wbat I term a
most remarkable cure effected by your
remedy'' Fruit-a-tive*", J suffered from
Rheumatism, especially in my hands.
I have spent a lot of money without
any good results. I have taken "Fruit-
a-tives" for 18 months uow, and am
pleased to tell you that I am cured.
All the enlargement bas not left my
hands and perhaps never will, but the
soreness is al! gone and I can do any
kind of work. I have gained 35 pound*
in 18 mouths".
Rheumatism is no longer tbe dreaded
disease it once was. Rheumatism is
no longer one of tbe "incurable
diseases". "Fruit-a-tives" bas proved
its marvellous powers over Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago—in fact,
over all such diseases which arise front
some derangement of stomach, bowels,
kidneys or skin.
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealer*
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size,
35c. or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
demonstrated in every day life In
which the financial status of the male
is regarded as far more important
than his physique or morality when
the marriage contract ls being discussed.—Ex.)
IffdTBanWmaiTffiMrTeTree-!to select
her mate and not be fettered because
of economic dependency,   so   plainly
NEW YORK, April 24.—Mr. and (Mrs.
Edward Browning, wbo were married a
few days ago, will have a root garden
In imitation of the hanging garden of
Babylon in their home at 35 .West
Eighty-first street, A sunken lake will
small fountains will be studded with
varl-colored lights.
District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender* It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments* but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest    We mightltake this opportunity to ex*
our appreciation for the service as rendered m fer.   We nwtild slao add thai ft ta rme r%f the>1e anest weelrJJcs tJwt wc
have run across in some time.
eljc Si of net £tb$c?
Published every Thursday evening at its. office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B.C. Subscription: $1.00
p$r year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
:olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
Tiie word '' democracy''has been more in evidence
during the past nine months than"heretofore, yet
we question very much.if those wlio have so-'insistently shouted it aloud really sense ils full meaning.
We have read a great deal about what the Allies
are fighting for, yet instead of going abroad to
show our faith in alleged convictions we might try
llie application of n little more ..democracy nearer
hoiiui. in fact without -heating around the bush let
us begin here in Fernie agitating for more iiiunici-
|.iil. ■democracy, nnd most probably they who believe in more latitude of government' being enjoyed
in Kurope will come forward with a* number of
excuses why it should not be extended to their;
neighbors in dealing with local affairs.
The agitation we have in mind has already been
started in Ontario, and whilst we realize all ■beginnings are difficult there is no reason why British
.Columbia 'should not follow the example of her
elder sister province and strive to get.' an amendment lo the Municipal Clauses Aet whereby the selection of suitable civic representatives shall not lie
restricted to those whose capabilities for office are
primarily conditional upon their property owning
qualifications and 'hot upon their mental fitness.
To limit the enjoyment of representation in a
municipality to taxpayers .ind extend it in the wider sphere of J'rovincial and Dominion affairs is an
anomaly and contrary to pure democratism.
Tlie following story comes from Missouri, and
whilst not vouching for its accuracy the principle
involved is easilv^diseernible.
Thc ownership of $1500 worth of personal pro-
as an alderman, one of these representatives held
the exalted position because he had a pair of mules
assessed at the proper figure. One day in driving
home to attend a council meeting whilst crossing a
.swollen stream, his wagon upset and his team was
drowned, lie narrowly escaped with his life, but
lost his position as civic representative.
The question that presents itself: Who really
occupied the chair'in the eity hall, the alderman
n.i a man or only as a proxy for rhe two mules f
We realize quite well the change eannot he effected without some effort, but those asserting their
sincerity of purpose In the desire to aid in the
spread of democracy, are (hereby afforded an opportunity of proving the truth of their pretensions
and practising what they preach,
We are also aware there are many whose ideas
on the subject are that if the privilege of civic representation be extended lo the propertylesn thi'
\it\ i'iite m'ij-jlil be notably ijiereiised because they
\vh« do not own property would not use the same
discretion and t]ioiightfulue».s as those who do.
When manhood  suffrage was first bruited as  a j
piwsibilily in (treat Britain like arguments were ad-1
realizing that the privilege of voting is already enjoyed by the contingents from the Australian continent, will feel that there is no reasonable cause
to prevent the. granting to the Maple Leaf soldiers.
This boon given to those who are in battle line
as well as others who have volunteered'and not yet
left for active service, is another evidence of what
ean be done by the lawmakers when they put their
energies to the task.
It is now less than a year since war was declared
and we have a piece of legislation on the statutes
that has already been a theme for discussion many
j ears previously, bcith in the Provincial and dominion Houses of Parliament.
Several years ago the subject was broached at
ft. convention of commercial travellers held, we believe in Kamloops, but except for the stereotyped
promise to give the subject earnest consideration,
nothing was accomplished.
"Tii discussing the new bill in the house at Ottawa
recently, one of the speakers made the statement
that this question had been on the tapis for over
thirty years, being first advanced by railroad employees. We often hear and read about the "soldiers" on the industrial battle front, but their requests for reforms are usually promised careful attention and then complacently pigeon-holed until
such time as the changes asked for become useful
as an issue for a political campaign. However, we
have now been furnished a practical demonstration
of the rapidity with which laws can he passed when
an opportunity is forthcoming for the display of
This should serve as a shining'.example for future
guidance to the voters throughout the Dominion,
and When any of the members of the legislative assemblies use their temporizing talk, this Soldiers'
Voting Bill can be pointed out as establishing a
most useful precedent. , At a time like this, especially when the retrenchment topic is so widely dealt
with, the extension of the right of suffrage tor'those
who are living outside of the constituency in which
they are registered, the enactment of a similar law
applicable to civilians will be most beneficial, thereby saving candidates for office being impelled to
request voters living far distant from their place of
poll rrom taking long journeys and entailing great
expense for transportation. Furthermore, a great
saving in the public aeeountsdepurtment can be
effected by the elimination of. the printing ofthe
lists of voters objected to. True, this last may
work a little hardship upon the printers, but tlien
the ostensible object of all governmental bodies is
the greatest good to the greatest number, hence,
no true patriot will object if a slight injury be inflicted upon a few when such manifest benefits will
be given to the mass.
Tt is very likely that there may arise some minor
difficulties in carrvinc out all the details attendant
your theory -and make us what
you're afraid Socialism would do
—make us lazy^—and if you have
auy real .qualnif- on that score,
please do not tenipt. us, especially
as we have no spare cash to invest."
ever,  the
■1.1.... u.ll~..*. *£.£.-.-.,•. ^-.-P tlwix-n-, xuil.. I lsilt-L,— ..rt t-rtt. I.r....
To the Editor, District' Ledgerj-
Dear • Sir,—Last week not a few
people were pleasantly surprised to
notice that the' organ representing the
Conservative interests ln Fernie had
published the list, of objections to
tho voters' list, and not content with
this, had been good enough to supply
further information as to who Jhe objectors were.
As many people are anxious to know
why this has not been done for the
past few years, I feel sure it will be
of public interest to explain WHY.
Last year the Conservatives objected to some 292 names (including
about 200 miners and several men
who where "fighting their country's
battles in Flanders"); they struck off
238 names (including 108. miners),
and the Conservative press did not see
fit to publish a single name. It will
be noted on the list I signed that no
regard has been paid to political color.
There are several names on list
published last week (Including hotel
men) who had been absent over
twelve months, while one in partlcu-
lanappears to have accomplished the
trick at a previous election of voting
twice, (due can readily understand
that such an indispensable asset to
the voters list would not be removed
by the Conservative party if he had
been out of the country twelve years.)
Now, sir, the reason why this list
has not been published,recently is:
The great and generous Conservative
aggregation at Victoria did not want
it published, and. in spite of protests
by Parker Williams and Jack Place,
they succeeded with the assistance of
the member for this division in introducing* a clause whereby the necessity
for publish the names of those objected to was removed. This was done
in 1913.
Is is possible that the journal representing the interest of W. R. Ross
has been perpiltted to introduce a "private bill" (to cover costs, of course)
for the publication or the names »wlth
the purpose of casting odium on the
objector?     Possibly.
In the May revision of 1914 the Socialist party objected to a number of
names rand succeeded in getting most
of tliem removed. At the; fall revision the Conservatives objected to a
number and succeeded lh getting half
removed. This time the Liberals ob-
jected to a number and they are pub-
2622—Thomas Hugh Whelan, 'Elko
and Fernie, '*
■The-last name is among those objected to by the undersigned.
■ The above names were voted on
twice and three times, while men
were known to vote who had not been
seen in the district for years. Resurrections were also accomplished,
and men who had been dead for
years were revived by their, great ad--
miration for the Hon. Billy, and left
what is generally accepted" as the last
resting place, to give the successful
candidate their support. Surely, if
nothing niore has been accomplished,
it is to be hoped that I have been the
means of letting the departed "rest
in peace" and not imposed upon them
the necessity or .possibility of resurrection !
This year neither the Socialist
nor Conservatives entered any objections, so it was necessary that some
one get busy and clean the list a little.
Trusting you will excuse this trespass on your valuable space, I am,
Yours, etc.,
(Continued from P««e One)
principle now having been established
that even where oceans intervene men shall not be
deprived of their franchise, has -accomplished what
the platform orators may allude to in their future
speeches as another glorious heritage of British institutions.
■(.-Juilc recently, while in eonvemition with one of
our friends, the subject of .Socialism was broached
when a dialogue somewhat ttl<MiK, the following
lines took place:      '
Friend: Well, old man. to tell you the truth,
1 'in satisfied there is something wrong somewhere
bul I can hardly see where Socialism, if adopted,
it. going to mend matters for the reason Mat it
would have a tendency to make iiien lazy.
I's: 11 is strange that practically all the objections (sie) to Socialism ,nre already part and parcel
of that which we call thc "Profit," "Competitive"
and ''Wage"system.
Friend:   I don't see how you make that out J"
Va: Did yon ever atop to consider how many
iiiiHioimires who are so hard presned for Homething
to do in older to get any satisfaction out of life
thai they indulge in all sorts of fantastic pursuits
Certain misunderstandings having
occurred between the undersigned in
regard to the business lately carried
on by the Fernie Steam Laundry and
the matter having been aired In Police
.Magistrates Criminal Court, It was
found after the evidence was gone
into, that no criminal intent was present or, wrong committed by the persons in previous posession.
The proceedings were therefore discontinued and the Magistrate honorably discharged and acquitted the accused in each case.
Dated this 23rd day of April, 1915.
W.  H. WHIMSTER. Police  Magistrate for the City of Pernie, B.C.
oil refiner; that for every ton of coal
displaced in'.British Columbia-the revenue, of the Government suffers to
that extent; that our • own labor ■ is
thrown out of employment and coal
mining as' an investment is discredited.
Neither California nor Eastern Canada would long submit to the injury
to their interests from which the coal
mining industry of British Columbia
iiqw suffers, without,a determined effort being .made to remedy it. The
coal mining industry, in asking the
support of the, public and of those
seeking public office for relief, is asking only to be placed on an equal footing with other industries which have
for their object. the development of
the natural resources, of the country,
and the profitable employment of its
people.—^British Columbia Mining, Engineering and Electrical Record.
Sunday,-May 2—10.15, morning prayer; 11, public worship; 2.30 Sunday
school and Bible class; 7.30 evening
service. Subject for morning, "The
Dependent Spirit," being the fourth or
a series of talks on the Lord's Prayer.
Rev. J. Knox-Wright, of the Canadian
Bible Society, Vancouver, will preach
in the evening. Special week of
Prayer, l.-nm ..Monday, May 3rd to Friday, IMay V-.-'i. every night at 8 o'clock.
A cordial inv.'tation to all.—A. L. Foster, Pastor.
Chief Inspector of Mines Stirling,
who was deputed by the Provincial
Government of Alberta to superintend
the distribution of relief in the coal
camps, has made the announcement
that henceforth temporary relief would
be suspended,
It Is surmised that now the winter
season is over' in some mysterious
manner the difficulties of eking out
an existence have been overcome. The
ease with- which one can philosophize
on the beauties and joys of life when
the material needs are forthcoming is
indeed remarkable, but an entirely different viewpoint is obtained when the
larder is empty, the house rent falls
due and no work within measurable
distance.    AVe have not heard of any
wonderful .improvement of industrial
conditions In those districts where it
was considered necessary for several
months past to administer relief, and
although Dame Nature has put on her
glorious garb and" the purling streams
are tumbling down the mountain slopes, whilst pleasing to the eye these
are not particularly filling to a stomach that registers an aching void.   *We
realize that this Is not a pleasant subject to dilate upon, still the concrete
facts stand out in all thei rboldness
—men, women and children must suffer unless some action Is taken by
the  governmental authorities to  relieve their  distress.     TJx^se  unfortunates accept charity   not   because
they like it, but simply compulsion
drives them to It.   If they do not get
access to the means of making a livelihood, and are denied the food their
bodies crave, we have sufficient instances of what has hapepned In previous years to force upon us the conviction that history will reheat Itself.
In. a country where the.actual necessaries ot life are produced in such
abundance that poverty of proportions
like those existing   to   day  is   widespread makes our boasted civilization
naught but a hollow mockery, and they
who boast about it the rankest of humbugs.
xmt-iHl l.y the tl.ei. ,»*M.r« of the frauehise re-1 (o ki„ (".|1U,?   „M vm| m,r gtop ,(| {,mnilyr hmv
lulive to the terrible calamities that would follow
when Jack wax placed un a |w»*,itieal equality with
bin master. Such argumentation is in itself evidence of a iiiii-rowiic** Which prcnii|»|HWN lhat (lie
priiieipal asset of a community ix tin physically valuable material featured whiUt eomphteenily ignor-
'■.'M\"i\'\\,\\t fiV-'UH"-*-, tho Well bi'iug and j
interest nl' all the individuals composing it.     Sup-;
puling ihis ai'giiiiiciil  l<* be well-founded, i.e., lhe
ipiiilifieatimi to representation in a nimiieipalily be
many triini|w wlio liave reached the conclusion that
it is so hard to get a Job ihey might as well practice
InxiiiPHM ? Dili you ever stop to consider t-hat right
now there arc millions of human beinffft who *'«»'*
not get work although anxious to gel it. who are
forced to be what you are afraiil Ihey would be
lllttlei' Ntclttimni ,*
■Friend:   Tlmt'* all right  I'liougli us fur us it
v'nes. Inn how are you going lo alter it?
In:   Hy trying lo get men like you to do a Utile
Mumgent upon she amount of property owned. iUM%lm> .„„, „.,„.„ t,H. ,.„wvi,.tio« is reached lhat
* then it should logienlfy follow iu the more iinpor-
i taut sphere of Provincial affair* a mill larger fin-
* uncial standing whould be a piv-reijiiisitc. and thin
; latli-r furl Iter iiiefeiiM-nl liofmv participation in
i Dioitittion politic* nn a candidate Hhould he per-
* tniksililc.
i Such a ennr»e we IW1 wire is ,*nlinilt»i||y retro-
jjlt'sshe till*
, »ind »i«> iifiii; hi tin' "
j ;lit««t.rly Victorian ♦•ra.
J Another iustan if tin- tojisy-titrveydoiii nf this
ir there are williim* of millionaires at one end of
Society'* teeler-tawler, there must lw hundred* of j alike.    The miner 'waa not struck off
million* of poverty-stricken one* at the other, lie-
, a use hh ue all Idiiiu il in iuipiiHsihle to create xoine-
iluiiifiiiit of nothiujr.  nnd  iim  iio individual can
lished. What's happening,, is someone getting scared?     Apparently.
So far ns I am concerned it Is indeed
gratifying to note that we have succeeding in reviving the custom of
publishing the names of those objected to in this division, and most earnestly hope that on all future occasions the government-fed organ ;wlll
publish list—even when they object
to names themselves. I am compelled to admit, however, that unless
a private "bill" Is permitted to be Introduced this will not be the case.
The Hat nppearlng |n the Conseryat
tlve organ is not accurate; nam-ea
have been Introduced that have not
been objected to. ihirther, mistakes
have been made by those compiling
the list, and men whose names should
not appear have appeared, therefore,
It has been decided to publish it complete list in the District Ledger, which
having regard to Its extensive circulation Among the miners, will eliminate tho possibility of any man being
removed from the list who la still in
the province.
To emphasize the necessity of cleaning up the voters' list, I append the
following from the District Ledger of
December 4th, l»09, when Jack Harrington, W, W. Uohr nnd A. I. Fisher
contested the riding. On that occasion there l« not the slightest doubt
that the Purty who are so anxiously
seeking to discredit the writer, succeeded in helping defeat the Socialist
candidate by "repeaters" and using
the names ot dend men and absentees.
One claim cun certainly be made
fur the illil of objections furnished by
the Liberal party, viz., that absolutely
no regard was paid to the question of
politics I affiliation, Liberals, Socialist k and Conservatives were treated
"All mfneworkers are requested to STAY AWAY FROM
BELLEVUE, Alta., as there is
not near enough work for
those already there. The men
in this camp have been practically idle for the last, five
months and there are no immediate prospects of Improvement, despite the "newspaper
prosperity" that threatens
us every day.   STAY AWAY!
II      n        A ™a™"1864
Home l» Canada
Head Office, Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and connections throughout Canada
A deposit of One Dollar.opens a savings account with the
Uoine Hank. The account ma.,* be added to by deposits of
further large or small amounts and full compound interest will be paid at highest bank rates.
J* F. MACDONALD, Manager
VICTORIA AVE,, . -:- -:- FERNIE   B. O.
Classified Ads.—Cent a Word
TO BE SOLD CHEAP—A number of
tables and kitchen chairs. Apply,
Ledger OfHce.
Dray; very little wear: suitable for
very heavy worlt, Rox W, Fornle,
SALE—214 miles Xorth-Bast of nur-
mis.    Apply, Box 75, Frank, Alta.
!» Fresh Cows, good milkers.
4 Cows In enlf.
0 Calves,
1 Bull, two-year-old.
2 Horses
14 Acres of land all cleared.
Apply to J. B. Davidson, N'aUl, B.C.
P. O. Box 18.
Are You Going to Europe ?
See the Great Northern Agent. Ile can arrange your rail
and steamship booking over any line yo uwish to travel
cheaply and quickly. Passenger train for main line leaves
Fernie 10.30. Passenger from main line arrives 9.30 a.m.
Train daily except Sundays. We connect with OKN.P.S.S.
boats. Great Northern and Northern Pacific at Portland
and San Francisco and the Fair.
We. solicit your EXPRESS
nnd FREIGHT business to all
J. B. OOLE, Agent, Fernie
Box 438 Phone 161
ami the hotelkeeper and banker re
lalned, but sn honest effort wss made
to riwin up the Hit to that there
dhmilil be no danger of history repeat-
in-all' by hi* hwii effurU *»»<•»«! value In lhe amount  j«ir itself as In 1904.
We have about 300 sacks of potatoes
(White Burbank variety), all newly
lund-ploketl, suitable for either sued or
table use. Will ship freight prepn.d
to any railway ststlon In Kast Kootenay on receipt of order and cash to
cover. Price $1.50 for IM lbs.
Ud., Wardner, B. P.
t*ttt**\ i" iini imjii.ii , uoi 'ni»,mi ii...i.d
uf a intllimi dollar*, it niiint result in wuhcImhI.v j
p-iuittf N-miirtlitiitf fur iitithiiift, ami Ihey wim Imtei
•Wk.-i HiiFtHiif1'" piMi..i| nf  prmhi'-cd have not recited the full <wwinl value of;
their product. and a« thi* Miinclliiiitf created iittttst j
hitvi* tr»m*»« <iomi»whcre it bn* been nth\et\ In the Kl-fir-e'
pi-<j*fi*l*y i-t-iMlififiifiiin privibufi* i-« tin' fiiH that the   of ii unmidinify fine. '
tv*»tt*r in other wiml* llu* vol inn «-olhflivity. «*an Krii-n.il: Xow, butil on. don't you think Ihi-i-api-i
vi.ii' * if 1b" i-r«'»tiir<» ■ it*.. tin* civil- *«-rvniti «i'<l - t-ntwt i« <<otitlitl lo in*>i MiiiiHltiiitf for the use ill i
\e1 in ml i'lltfilili» for the office h-tin-wlf    The v»iter» hit money*
». «««ttiincil ti. have iufcllitrcncc ciitmifh t.. wlcct n     Vn*   My dear fellow, it Isn't whnt I believe or!
rcjircwittMthc but n«l cn«<nffh lo fulfil ih«« dm ic* what 1 dinbelieve thnt counts.   However, 1*11 nny J   •'•rule-
«,f ib#» ..ffW     Tkis tt llcmoiraey turned upehlc tlii* much, lhal no loiitf uh people support a uyxtcml   l?*,f~^f^,
riott-n. . whi#*li breed* the exhrttaf evil* they hare nn ku»lr
. . „,...,„,.,—   ' r„i,iiijjt if ih« fruil* thcr-r-of do not snil tlieir fantc. j
HOORAY FOR TBE SOLDIERS' VOTE!        still, that is get iin* nwny front Ihe immediate mil*-,
jj.M «f la*inc*s.   po yon think thnt if every in-j
When thc ftiihjrrt of extending lhe franchise to | dividual were to twelve tbe full social value ot bin
the   **itfidl«'T»*   Ht   \\l*'   I'lMli'*    ■*,«•»   tie-lii-noted   -Wc   ««f*' i JiriwU-K-'i    iWfC   W»ll(d   In-   AW*    kUJlUtin »'    .-lUollil   thi
inclined to be mistical of it* beemmntr law.   We 'deal!
»!V jdmi-cd Jo nole ire were jni.nlalien »m\ Ouil now ] Friend; Ob, you're gtimg too ilci^i for tne; M V
ih-rr*- h h*tl Httl-* likelihood of any r»j»jww*s«i«n Wing j chart**?* th* tubjwt. How would you like to ttet ■
(»U»*c*l Iu the way. Thc matter havinjr been re-) in on the jnwmd floor of n profuwiiion thnt i* a mn*\
terrml In b>al Kitchener and Sir .Tohu French a* an \ money maker? ;
,»*»* of P.ittn.-i\   ttndmibtedtr thtm' officer* m turnj    !*«:   Kx<it«e tw. lht» mt-fht rwnlt in tipMritingj
UIDHRH WAXTWl) ns agents tor our
hifh grade Ulcy«l*»». Write tor low
lirlee. to THOU 1'l.lMl.KY 8 CYCLK
"List ot u»BM't t*l«*# votwl on In
yvrat* riding:
li*~a,arl*. tmktr, Jaltray *»<» j work^ v'l^niri'l'n
Klko (
*#7-.loiM>iib Bor»e( inllrn: and Me-t——*"•     -        " * "™——
Doiifslt's. j   roit %U*K -llahy ttugty; less thtn
5t*-~Wlirt»d liridger, Jattrtr «n4j»el* «•* ****•    Aw*»| » Howtna*
.-.   * r*. .-.* ■ » An»nw,
rx^nrr*  1*1*0***,  Httrnv *«** .....	
and peaceful security as well.
\VMb a polloy in our -M tine
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the end* of tbe
earth and you know you're secure.  The bett In
U always cheape*. and especially ao when It doean't coat
higher. Don't itoay about tbat
renawal or about tbat estra Insurance you want but eome right
In a* once and have It attended
MA      VA6TWD
SA-WtgyA!WbTfyittfstrt''rt"t ij n u •„*« • .ttJLu&jiim
'»■ Tht —
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jenningi, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
-.-.:. -\Q
Sew *Mtch*l !    icon !MjR -iTIottnetiold Fnmttiirc, j i
U0*~Wm. Ilodtos. Ooal Creek and j incindlnt Bugs. Refrigerator. Msno.!}1
(etc    Apply this week during morn*
Mansfield,   Klko   and j in«s and between 2 and I p.m., to Mrs.
'   1-.1,..     1*n,t„r,-      f».,-,*».      f,*,.r,,1,.
ISJT-Jokn Millar, Jfpffray and Hlko.
l7«S~A!«t.   MeKentle,   Fralllanda
and Jsffray.
lMf_WUIhiNi Hsrker. Jsffray and
fosl Creek.
$0IS—Henry Jaa Readall, Dorr. Jsf
ttny and Fernie rl timett ,   «... ,^ ^^—^^^ k.«.  >■■■«   r   j
t,*»_Wa,. mm. mom*. ,lnt-! «^ret£^ra^« mi
ftty not Verml*    ti Uomtt \ ?>*.t-**ai-i?\tr *m* t* ami «•* *«r m^smmh
IIS*-Joe«c»naMt,Krsgand Tevrtt
aad Oeal -ttoAt.
»S>-aohB Walker. Kmr aad Wal
-i ,4 ttt ■'
How's This?
1 W» «fM UM HM4N4 MI«h ****** tw *ns
• iftf^l tS*tmi. ttsl mmTW wm if U*W*
'. I *C*Uuik Car*.       __        „  ^
r. I. rnfx*T o eo., T*t*o*. o.
■*• | "** ** "'ISI. Mint cw e^*MW>^L
.j.^m.tt., -».     | jfcy, fttwrt f^.,, upm tmttfmiit, ,*n*n
"W*. WmtttftW AtQAtb Jm WlW*| iNMi WttAtbAfA UttlffAtfAA Af
jgiK^   _^^^^^^       pn^^taL^^^^ji^n*^   ^^^^ ■ p-tL^        PmPt^i*.  AA
f^l^P   WyWrPWI*,       tPtpfpPlpiPHtAmB   WW^[  f*W^«      I pm-P   w
fWt* fMf IwltiK   ih*M ttef Qp% tPWvi*ft*t*ft>
TM* iwr« tamo rm* m M^au
Mtnu a laCartt
Special Rate Board and Room by the week or month
liifMMMUi Haa tpmm Bales
^pmo vwnsH a pAtttt trWtm^^m ow^-mwm
Ns, m Pfttnmm
ktutittt fttt lain
11.10 AOptnnb THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBME, B. C, MAY 1,1915
+    +;PPP.P.PIP.PP+P.   PP,   ^P*P^9P.P.P.P.P.P.P.9P  ++.   +  +  +.+.9+  +  *+. +  +.+. +  9PP.  tPP,P* Pt'-P   tPP-P-P*   -PP**PP   P*   P*P  P*   P   P.*tp.pSp,"tP   P.   SPP  P.   P.P,   P   PP   PP.P.9PP.P.P   P.PP    P*  ♦   ♦  ♦   ♦   ♦   ♦
News  of The
p,+, + p,p.p.p. + p.p*P> + pp.. p. + 'P+P'P' + 'P + Prp. p-P *P*P + P*P* + + P**PP*P PP. ♦'♦ p.p.'P^p.p. p*p**p P^P*P*PP ♦ «--»■» p. + ♦♦ -*- ♦ -+ -PP* ♦ -P '*p P* p* p. p. p. P- *p P* -pp. p* + P* p*P P* p, pp ■■*.. tm *
♦ ♦,
The mines were idle from 3 p.m.
Friday until 7 a.m. Monday; also from
-Monday until 7 a.m. Wednesday, while
-there is a notice to the effect that
Thursday will be an idle day.
Prom the arrival of the 5.20 p.m,
train up here on Friday until dark, the
vicinity of Coyote Street was crowded
by the' Juvenile element of the camp,
who congregated on the occasion of
the return of one of our local volunteers. Evidently military training is
not all beer and skittles. -The question as to who boiled up the V. C.
is at present the absorbing theme.
>Mr.'and Mrs. Robert Schramm, of
Riverside Avenue desire to thank
their many friends for the expressions
of sympathy and respect shown during their recent bereavement.
With a view to fostering the idea of
making Coal Creek the Garden City
of the .West, and also to foster an attempt ot getting nearer the means of
produotion, a meeting was called In
the Club HaU for Sunday evening last.
A fairly large gathering assembled,
and Mr, R. Puckey outllnpd the object of the meeting. Atter several
•questions pertinent to the matter had
been asked and answered it was eventually decided to form a society to be
hereafter called the Coal Creek Floral
sind horticultural Society. A working committee was formed to proceed
■with' the project and the following
officers elected: Hon. President, W.
P Wilson and Bernard Caufield.
President, Joseph Worthington; secretary, W. It. Puckey; committee, J.
Boardman,   S,   Poxon,   W.   Shonfield,
E. Gibson, J. -Millar. A further meeting of the C. C. F. and H. S. will be
* held on Sunday afternoon at 3.30
p.m All those interested in gardening are cordially invited. Secretary
Puckey will be pleased to enroll new
Our local leather chasers will entertain Fernie team' on Victoria Park on
Saturday next. The boys are determined to turn the tables this time.
Come in crowds.
That No. 1 East mine is the home of
footballers was evidenced on Saturday
when five teams were picked for for-
the coming competitions.
Several of our younger element ate
minus certain molars since tbe a«i-
\ ent of Dr. .Burnett .jn. the burgh.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Green have removed from Coyote Street and taken
up their residence In Fernie,
The "amateurs" are working strong
oa the forthcoming concert. But,
who is exit R?
George .Bradshaw, who has taken
ov.r the tonsorial artists' stand at
the club, hopes by strict attention to
business to secure the support of the
members, etc.
The ambulance classes are receiving  additions  constantly and  everybody attending takes a lively interest
in the lectures and demonstrations,
Church Notices
Methodist Church—»Suiiday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school and Bible class.
7.00 p.m., Prayer meeting; 7.30 Gospel service; subject, "The Lord's Coming." Rev. J. Stodley. All welcome.
Solos, etc.
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2.30
a.m., Sunday Scliool; 7.30 p.m., service; subject, "Something not to be
ashamed of." Preacher, Walter Joyce
Leckie Shoes
-made in British Columbia
Mine worked two days last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Sommerville left this
camp last week for Calgary.
Jim and Mrs. Wardrop moved to Can-
more to reside, where Jim has found
Jim Babtle and Paul Kendrick quit
here last week and pulled out for pastures new. If many more of the boys
quit this is going to be a lonesome
The Chinaman at the boarding-house
was up before the "beak" last week
and fined $9 for threatening to carve
one of the boys here.
Mat Gettt, a new-comer, got his head
squeezed between a car and timber on
his first day starling work here.
Johnny Devoy has left his old "digs"
nnd gone to live with Fred of the Dew
Drop Inn.
♦ ♦
(Received too late for publication
last week.)
Work is still irregular around here
and with no signs of improvement.
It will save time and trouble, when
looking for a job to forget this town
and pass on.
A dance under the auspices of the
Trustees of the Opera House will be
held on Friday, April 30, in the Opera
House. Admission, Gentlemen, $1.00;
ladies, 50c. The Coleman Orchestra
will be in attendance. This is p. fine
chance to enjoy yourselves, lio/s, as
the day following is a holiday.
A checker match between teams representing Coleman and Bellevue was
played off in the Eagles' Pool Room
on Saturday evening. The following
were the teams and scores:
Wins Coleman Drs. Bellevue Win
J. Thomson     10   J. Fraser 1
R. Tennent      20   I. Thomas 0
number traveled by the box-car route.
Charlie .Minnett arrived    back    in
Coalhurst   from   Vulcan,   where   he
creating a dangerous precedent by paying air. Speaker $12 per week." A
compromise was finally arranged at
spent a good vacation.   He is again on $11 per.    Alas, tbe poor treasury
duty at the Pacific Hotel.
Coalhurst Lodge No. 105 I, O. O. F.,
held their annual Church Parade on
Sunday last. -Members assembled at
the school at 2.30 and paraded to the
Presbyterian Church. Several visiting brethren from Diamond Lodge attended and a good service was conducted by Rev. Denoon of Lethbridge.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs. Peter Hut-
chins, a bonnie boy. Daddy all
smiles. «
A committee of the miners' union
are working out a plan to provide a
day's enjoyment in Coalhurst on iMay
Day, and at timo of writing everything
looks rosy for the youngsters.
Cdr.. Perclyal, tbe proprietor of the
pool hall, is taking a vacation at his
liotne in iPort Huron. Walter
Shaughan is attending the business
during his absence.
John Higney and Harry Gaskell pulled out on Tuesday and went north
looking for a "job."
♦ ♦♦■♦♦#►♦«►«►♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
—Ji'cmvw wear BEcKrE"SirOE>S'~are posiWclynissurcd- of one
thing—they get more value for thoir money than in any other
shoo made. LECKIE SHOES aro made for men who appreciate
Men who wear LECKIE SHOES never return to any impotofed
linuid—- the shoe is an assurance against that.
(io to YOUR dealer and ask to see the various styles of LKCKIE
SHOES. Try on a pair and note the ease and comfort combined
in a stylish, well-built LECKIE SHOE.
Leading Shoe dealers Sell LEOKIE SHOES
Be sure yoa get them.
"Built for Style, Wear and Comfort"
R. Levitt
R. Evans
B. Easton'
J. Hogan
"0~ Burrows-
A. Anderson
J. Boyce
R. Easton
M. Hyslop
H. Dougan
R. Eastwood
The opening of tbe football season
took place on Saturday, when Coleman
and the 13th Mounted Rifles from
Pincher Creek faced each other on
tha 'Athletic Ground. Coleman team
Included all the old Btand boys of last
season, while the M. R. had Paton,
■-Graham, Sloan, Dunlop, Marsh, Parker
(all ol Pubs) players in their team,
Wm. Fraser acted as referee. An
exciting and well-contested gamo ended In favor of Coleman by 3 goals to
0. Tho Coleman contingent of the
regiment were to have been presented
on the field with watches by the business men of tho town. Unfortunately
the watches did not arrive ln time,
After the game t'-io soldiers wero form-
ed In line and headed by the Coleman
Town Band, marched to the Reading
Room of the Institutional Church,
where the Red Cross Socloty had an
excellent lunch awaiting them, to
which full justice was done. Later
In the evening tho football club held
ii smoker In the Eagles' Hall, and a
hearty Invitation was extended to tho
soldiers, With aong and story, and
an occasional refreshment, a pleasant
evening; was spent. Tbe soldiers left
on Sunday evening's pasenger for Pincher Creek, having thoroughly enjoyed
their outing,
llorn-<Aprll 18th, to Mr. and *>lrs. .1.
McAulay, a son.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<*♦♦♦♦♦
At the regular meeting of Local
2(J33 on Sunday, it was decided tbat
after 30th April the levy of 50 cents
which entitled members to 13 shows
In the Opera House each month be
discontinued. ■■ Members are requested to note that beginning May 1st, the
admission to the Picture Show will be
adults, 10c;  children, 5c. ,
The following is the program of
sports being held under the auspices
of both local unions, on May Day:
Bicycle Race, 100 yards race (open),
Married Ladies' Race, 220 yards Race
(open), Single Ladies' Race, Girls'
Race (under 14 years), Boys' Race (under 16 years), Girls* Race (under 10
years), Boys' race (under 12 years),
Girls' Race (under 7 years), Boys*
Race (under 7 years), Old Mens' Race
(over 50 years) 100 Yards Race (confined to both locals). It is expected
that some prominent gentleman will
address the gathering. GlVen favorable weather conditions,^n enjoyable
days' outing wtth the kiddies should
be assured.
days last week and the first two days
of this week, while the International
had the best week's work they have
had for the last six months. N'o. 4
Seam working 5 days, and the Slope
4 days. They have only had one
shift ln the first half of this week,
James Barra underwent a successful
operation In the Miners' Hospital last
Friday.      j
The members of tho local lodge of
Odd Fellows journeyed to Blairmore
on Sunday last and took part in the
church parade.
In the opinion of The Banner the
action of the Executive is not in accordance with the general recognized
principles of the international trade
union movement, and we believe that
the Executive of the Dominion Trades
■Congress should have been consulted
before allowing Mr. Speaker to strike
and draw strike benefits of 111 per.
Trade conditions are in no condition at
present to allow unions to strike just
because someone has "ruffled their
Of course when the Senate closed
for its six months' summer vacation
the strike was automatically declared
off, and tho country is therefore In no
danger of "going to the dogs" for the
next half-year.
However, Thc Banner wishes to
warn Canadians that something must
be done to prevent another strike cf
this nature, because 8,000,000 people
cannot,be allowed to suffer such terrible hardships as a strike of the
Speaker of the Senate inflicts upon
them. Why, it is even declared that
It was impossible to sleep in the Fen-
ate Chamber between 10" a.m. and 3
p.m. owing to the turmoil of the mob
of strikers! Canadians should Indeed
be thankful that this terrible conflict
is at an end.—Industrial Banner.
Mothers' meeting will be held in
the basement of the church next Wednesday, May 5th. at 3.30.
live question of what constitutes
the best lunch for child and adult will
be the theme for discussion. A" practical demonstration will likewise be
given.      Everybody   welcome.
Sunday.'May 2.—11 a.m., "An Empty
Vine"; 7.30 p.m., "The Xecesary Qualification of a Soldier"; 12.ir» p.m., Sunday school. Monday, 7.45, Thoughtful workers. Wednesday, 7.30, Pray-
•■■'.- meeting.   Thursday, 8 p.m., Choir
vctiee. You are cordially invited
to these services.—W. J MaeQuarrle,
B.A., Minister.
due notice being given him by publi-1
cation, but it seems that in the session
of the local legislation in 1913, an
amendment to the Provincial Election
Act was passed eliminating the provision requiring publication. So soon
as this amendment had been put
through our local Conservative friends
apparently made good use of same
and had a large number of persons,
not merely objected to, but actually
struck off without giving any notice
by publication. This time, however
the Free Press has been good enough
to publish the list, of persons, witn
some unfortunate Inaccuracies however, and as it has been done without
any expense to us, we have no objection whatsoever, but in view of their
Introductory,remarks, wo think it only
fair to herewith append a copy of a
letter from iMr. Gates to ihe Registrar
of Voters, sent before the ' list was
published, A somewhat similar letter, we are advised, has been recently
sent by Mr. Newnhani, so lhat the matter referred to is thus disposed of.
In view of the comparatively limited
circulation of the Free Press, it ls
deemed advisable In order that all
parties may have due notice, that a
list of those objected to on our behalf
should also be published, if possible, in
tlie District Ledger. We will be glad
to furnish you at any time with a
correct copy of such.
Thanking you for publication of this
letter, :
We are,
Yours truly,   *
Copy of Letter Referred to Above
Fernie, B.-C., April 20th, 1915
"G. F. Stalker, Registrar of Voters,
Fernie, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Referring to notice I
gave you ou the Ifith inst. objecting
to the retention of certain persons on
the Vpters' List, I beg to advise that
I now find that one of them, Hugh
Mclnnes, is" how engaged in military
service. In view of this fact, I beg
to say that so far as he or any others
who are so engaged in military service are ■.•oucerned, I hereby withdraw
any objection to their being retained
on the list.
Yours truly,
- ■•:•'   REALLY delightful
Make a Corner
Collect the Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every (tbidit Package
is <|iiif<» it* important it factor in tho maiiufiwtuiv
i.l lieer nit Hurley nml H»|»h. Xo nintter how stood
the other iiintcriula may he, poor water will apoil
their koikIiichs,
flood water wa* one of the principal renKoim for
which we built our plant nt Fernie. Our It inti
Hock Spring ImWIilea out of Ihe mountain aide ami
flow* a sparkling attvnin of water which pim-scwM*
jiiat the exact decree nf hiinliiemi.» IfiMiwo of
llmat* run* wntor** which produce nn exceptional
jrrade pf lieer.
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦
__Sjm,day1^Iay._2^JLJa,au_li£v- Dr.J_
Knox-Wright, of Vancouver, general
secretary of the Bible Society, will
preach; 7.30 p.m., the Pastor will
preach on "The Pride of the City";
2.110 p.m., Bible Class and Sunday
school. Monday evening, Epworth
League. Thursday, .prayer meeting.
Friday afternoon, Ladles' Aid business
meetiiiR: evening, cboir practice. All
nre welcome.—-D. .M. Perley, Pastor.
Post Office-
Letters— One   coir..
Post Cards—One re;it.
Money 'Orders-—Two cer.Is.
Bank Notes—Quarter of one
per cent on circulation.
.Cheques— Two cents.
Bills   of    Exchange— Two
■Premiums—One   per   cent,
on net premium.
Trust and Loan—
Company   Tux   -- One per
cent, on sross amount.
Telegraph—Or.e per cent.
Cable—One ,i;ei- cent. ♦
■.transportation  — Steamship   P
■    Tickets— ♦
Exceeding $ in—One dollar.   <►
.Exceeding  $10—Three  dol-   ♦
lars.« ♦
Exceeding ?60—Fi,ye dol- ♦
lars. '" ♦
Train   Sleeping   Berths—Ten   ♦
cents. ♦
Train Parlor Seats—Five ♦
cents. ♦
Railway Tickets—Over ?l ♦
ander $.">, 5 cents. For ♦
each $3 over, 5c. ♦
Conditions In this camp arc not
improving The mine worked two
•Ifiyi tn the first half of thii month,
and only one la the second half, at
the time of writing.
John Clsydon has left camp an ds*.
cured a job for a few months on tbe
Ilny KnlRht farm at Raymond.
The Loral Officers have born busy
lately each with a check-off book get-
tttitr member* In tlgn up
William Clapham quit lul wepk nnrl
Intend* looking for some place belter,
The First Strike of Senate Union No.
13—Was the Walk-out Sanctioned.
The 8trlke Pay Offured the 8paitker
Considered Inadequate to Support
Canadian Senate Union No. IS has
experienced !tx first strike. The
Speaker was the hero. Hurrah! Va
labor men are sure getting to be eome
pumpkins. -Induing from the various reports from the Capital the strlko
nas no better conducted than any
other labor battle of recent years,
• The Banner'! own Ottawa correspondent reports that tha Executive of the
Senate Union nad a very warm session to determine whether Mr. Speaker
wan entitled to strike pay or not. and
finally, aftor docldlng In his favor.
much nut in .iir wa* Muerau-d <<» to
ilie nmount the Executive would allo»v.
It scernn, In the flrat place, lhat thc
strike was an unathorlted one, the consent or the (executive not having first
been obtained, ThU aroused tbe Ire
of the worthy membert, and for a few
hours It looked as though Mr. Speaker would be ordered back to work or
the Kxenitlve would permanently fill
his place.
Agsln/Vlce-PresMeat Sir ■Mackennle
Unwell who, by the war, hss employ* d
many anion st well as non-union printers during lilt career, wna mist enttiha
tic In hts declaration, "that as union
printer* only paid tbelr married mem
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation   In  the   Past.-—
Up-to-Date ,— Every    Convenience.-
excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
Wily Is sn old-timer In Ctoslhtirtf ami imn *w P*r *•** vhn* m •lrtk®' h*
H«« been null* a prominent wan In I ^M MOt »«»««> ,or th« ill!"aU, l'«ltlU
ihe Local Union, acting on Pit <Vtm«| »,ij,       i  m.1 '. ■■■".■■"..njiij!!n i ,j.  in.   i
mittee and several other committee!
tn*   flirt    tin*    t*l.t*    *'t,*t'*.f.     n-rw-l    -m-MI    I.t.
missed bv the ho-rs In ir»*>Tt»*>r«l     fte*
To the Rdltor,  District Ledger
Dear Sir,—In  view  of  the  rather
uncalled  for comments    which    the
Fernlo Free Press took the liberty of
Including in the preface to their publication ot a list of names of persons
to   whose  further retention  on  tho
local Voters' List notice of objection
bun been given, It would seem advisable Unit attention should be called to
certain facts lit connection therewith.
In the first place we all feel the difficulty   of  securlUR  ti  good   struiglit
polltlcul Unlit tvlicn this lints are uu-
neccsiiui'lly encumbered with a lai'4*
number ot pcrHOiis who have been ub-
Kcni, from tho RldiuK for a cowililer*
able time.     Moreover, politicians of
all purlieu lami even the ladles nre
pullticlaiiH In tliuHu daysi will also up-
predate the fact that an election fight
may be lost beforo It (s really beauii,
if thoso who are friendly disposed to
ii* are not on the Voter*' List, and
those otherwise disponed, though absent from the Rlrtlna, fire Mtll! on and
nlilt> to i Dine In nt the last moment I
and vote without any adequate know-!
It'ilKi* ot or Inteii'itt In the iKiues In-j
volved.    For this reason aome of us,
op|K>scil to the prt'Metit Lo^al (invent-1
incut, "got busy" as the Fernie Free
l*'<ii« su;'fi'i»<p, and are endeavoring
lu liave removed from the reglMer of
voter* tho«c who have ceased to vo-
uliln for ti purliMl of i''.« niotittiN in tlii • ■
clet-toral district.    In compiling   the j
list of such, It wnn \ilmoit unavoidable,;
tbat i-tTittlii mistakes should be nude, *
nnd some   have   undoubtedly   been;
AKUIiKb   iin l.l.it.1-      N" Uhtit, im **■**-:,
list* yit beeh struck off, nor will any I
one be utrtick off until the holding of
lhe C"owrt of Revision here on th* ttthi
nt May next. In 'lie meantime, notice j
nf tvlthdniwil tif Uie ohlccMim l-t be-;
lug given  In every mm* where  me]
H. G. G00DEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware * Furniture
We will furnish your nouse from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.   Call, write, phone or wire,   All orders glvsn
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell others.   If not satisfied, tell us.
♦ t*
f* K
Be Good to Yourself
pm w.
Try It
--      - r ,' m ■ .i nr. ■ i ; -i   ■ t -     i   s    i i
consolation, however, Is that tome-! may l»»f»R -Wktwas, doctors bilt% and|JJim, |» M0 inJ,i,.mV to ihe i-omrary. »
body elee will reap the htneflt that!1?8*'   WOfk!Jm kncn?','     fr,'T|lettw from the mm Interested. «r
we are losing hy tola departure    ft|gr j»««n^w*i«i.l)-»l«it»j»iil»4i«*i..i.«-}|J|(| }0m „,„„ of wMtMt tending
*oo.| lack follow yoo, la the wish of • .coW ^V «»•** v™™ ttxakutict L   i||OW ,h(|| n         „ u „„„ „,„„,
„„ IcxMs.    Kftiit-uthtr thai. I.    ....     .       ,         .
t fleorge Morley ahd George Cham-
ben are away looking up a good
homcitem! to file on snd Intend to quit
mining If tbey gat one.
The Work paid a visit to Coalhnrst
and left a son and heir a« the home
of   Mr.  nml   Mr*,  -lohn  »»>»*•<*i.
Nell 3, Mel.#od, the eosl and water
conirsrtof,  left eamp for sn  esten- \
tire visit, to the Rett.
fte-wat «f the %oj» palifd oat nt
camp the past few weeds with a very
tlmlted grub stake In search of mar-
hedi for tbeir labor power.   Qnlt* n
Overcome tiie weakness ami nature
cure* the n-M—thai is the law of
reason. Carefully avoid dmrifd -pit!*
syrups or stimulant*; they are only
props and buu.% and whip*.
It Is tbe pure medicinal iirturishmcnt
fn Srrxtr'n Voir'.fan that r^kkly ,,t.-
riches thc blood, strengthens the lungs j **
,md help'. b*:;l thi* n\r p-i.svifp.-v *'
And iii*il* 'Ai-* «iU—ijctitt'* Iriuul
tion fj?tu r.te« foody heal a* prourtitm
against turner *ukno*s.   Get ikon's
ai ytHir drug utxio to-day.   It always
strengthen* *n<* iMti-x up.
IUI     s««l*a«n.*.T.>t.-.;l o
al the To-art of lle»l*lon, no tsr m mt
Mf raaceriu'd, to *eciir«*- hi* retention on the list,
As utatwl, no one Include in the
list recently published, ba* yet bc«u
♦Truck off. hut unfortunately our Ton-
rv*i.w- fr>uda L»*t Fall *iru<l, off
uetenit lmmtnit name* without stiv
t»nWS*"»Hoii sbalMwver, nblle no nti*
h*» be^n strnrk ott or nbjwted to by
th* Libera)** f«f >e*r». It wsa ■«•
*nobr.t4ly fully '-*«p«eteil b) atimwt
mxmry penon lint no oae mattU be
slnirk off the lt«t of Voter* w!tboati
Company - "The Quality 8tor«"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Everything in Shoes
See ui for the best in
Men's Suits, Shirts & Shoes
Onr Spring: Shipment* of theio Good* art all to hand and
tbt utoittMtit U complete with Um iraarteit goodi tnd belt
poiftttlt valu-n.
We have unloaded thii week a Car of Flour and Ft*td
Purity Flour 981bs $4.00 nett
Gold Seal 981bs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shorts.   Crushed Corn,   Whole
Corn and Fe*d Oats
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
Th» Storo That SAVES You Monoy
*•■' ■     * i m**m -SJ-aWB-S*-?*]***^^
Persia,   Finland  And   Our
Russian  Alliance
Labor and War Pamphlet Issued by the
Independent Labor Party of
War is a state-oi absolute partisanship. If it is to be waged without
scruple, without remorse, without regret, the nation at war must presuade
itself that the right is wholly on its
own side, and the wrong entirely with
.;!ie enemy. We lh this country have
seized on the one aspect of this complicated world-struggle, in which Ger-
many l,s undoubtedly in the wrong—
her violation of .Belgian neutrality. We
have generalized from that until ye
have convinced ourselves that not only
we but our allies are fighting for the
sanctity of treaties and tho rights of
little peoples, and for these high purposes alone. The ruthless conduct of
this struggle at our doors has helped
us to realize as we never did before,
that Germany is cursed with a military
party as unscrupulous as it is efficient,
and we have come to define the object
of the war as the "destruction of German militarism." The Germans have
achieved a similar feat of mental concentration. They think of the invasion of Belgium and France as a regrettable necessity, a detail of high politics
nnd continental strategy. For them
the real enemy was at the outset Russia. They talked of destroying Tsar-
dom," and when they recalled the record of Russia in Finland, lu Poland,
and in Persia, they, too, claimed that
they were engaged in a war of liberation which would bring profit to little
nationalities. When the German
Chancellor met the Reichstag on the
eve of the war he refrained from dwelling on the fact that he was about to
invade France as well as Russia.
When Sir Edward Grey defended his
policy to the House of Commons he
dwelt entirely on our friendship with
France, and carefully abstained from
mentioning Russia. The fact remains
that the 'Rimo-German quarrel was
the origin of the war. France was attacked only because she was Russia's
ally, When Sir Edward Grey agreed
to protect the coasts of France from
any German attack by sea, he did a
service not merely to France, but to
the Franco-Russian alliance. We
cannot understand this war, unless we
which caused Lord -Rosebery to declare
that Europe was "rattling into barbarism," Each side sought for a preponderant voice in the Counsels of
Europe, each wished to pursue its own
purpose of Imperialist expansion undisturbed, and each was obliged not
merely itself to arm, but to marshal
allies and confederates on Its side.
Russia was tbe ally of France, and
to complete the triple league it was
found necessary that her ancient feud
with us should be composed. Our
policy was to "restore Russia to her
rank as a Great Power," in order that
her forces shpuld balance those of Germany in the rivalry which had divided
Europe into two armed camps. Beaten by Japan in the Far East, and
threatened by revolution at home, she
was In 1905 a staggering chaos. Our
friendship revided her prestige;,, our
credit restored her finances. It was
fashionable in these days to say that
friendship with Liberal England would
assist the growth of Russian freedom.
Our recent friendship has achieved no
more for Russia freedom than the alliance of twentyisix years' standing with
Republican .France. Russia came to
us, as she came to France, not because
we are a Liberal Power, but because
we are a creditor Power, with money
to lend and capital to invest. The
first effect of our new friendship was
to strengthen the bankrupt autocracy
in Its struggle with its own people. ,
The  Responsibility of Finance
It is not easy for us, a self-sufficing
and very insular people, to realize how
important the attitude of the rest of
Europe is to Russia. Russia depends
as absolutely as any Latiu-<American
Republic upon its repute In Western
money markets. It must float by far
the greater part of its loans abroad. It
cannot even provide from its own resources for the municipal enterprises
of its cities. -Its unedveloped coal
and iron and petroleum fields all await
the fertilization of foreign capital. Credit is a delicate posseesslon, Tt is
made not merely by the conclusion of
a banker in the city that a given investment is sound. The banker is at
the mercy of the little investors up and
down the country. So long as these
people thought of Russia either as a
hostile Empire dangerous to oursel-
realize that it Is the logical outcome;
of ten years of rivalry of diplomacy
and armaments between the two German Powers on the one hand, and the
"Triple Entente" of Britain, France,
and Russia on the other. It was In
the end a Russian Quarrel, a conflict
with Austria for the mastery of the
Balkans, which brought about the universal war. We have barely began to
fathom Its real issues when we have
given our sympathies to the innocent
Belgians, and condemned the German
violation of their rights. The war
has darkened the West and overwhelmed Belgium, only because two Western powers. Britain and France, were
the allies of Russia. Our Judgment of
the policy which led up to this war depends ultimately on the question whether we approve of the British "understanding" with Russia, which has now
been solidified into a formal military
alliance. That understanding has already an eventful history before It extended an Eastern quarrel to the
West. Tbe object of this pamphlet
is to revelw It, and to submit it to three
tests. Has it furthered the development of Russian liberties?' Has It
rejected the national rights of Persia? Has It conduced to European
Russia and tht Salanes of Power?
The motives which led Lord Lens-
downe to begin and Sir Edward drey
to complete the conclusion of an understanding with Russia had no reference
whatever to the struggle for constitutional liberty whlrh In tf»05 reached Its
climax In Russia. In order to secure
ourselves tn the undisturbed occupation of Egypt, we bed made an under*
standing with France. We had bound
ourselves In return to support her pre*
tensions to Morocco. We had by thia
association become involved In the European system. Germany objected to
French Imperialism in Morocco, as
l->anc* used to object to Ilritlsh Imperialism ia Ksypi The result was
that accentuation for a balance of
power, that made rare of armaments,
ves, or as,an unstable autocracy men-
aced by revolution.^ it was In vain
that the Russian financier brought his
proposals to the city. But so soon s
Russia became an ally and confederate
when King Edward went tb Reval and
the .Tsar came to the Isle of Wight,
when the newspapers which circulate
among the money classes conspired to
represent her aa a Constitutional Power steadily advancing towards order
and freedom, then, at last, the purse-
strings of the (British investor were
untied. The internal condition of
Russia has no whit Improved. It is
considerations of high policy which
lias caused our press, our politicians,
and our governing class to enter on a
conspiracy of silence and eulogy. They
wanted Russia'* aid against Germany.
That Is why the old habit of truth-
telling gave way to the present flatteries.
France bas passed through a parallel
experience. She allied herself with
Russian autocracy because she hoped
for Russian aid to recover Alsace-
Lorraine. She found that what Russia chiefly wanted wat tree, accent to
her Bourse. Year by year tbe Indebtedness of Russia increased. Loan
after loan was floated, until at length
economists began to ash whether Russia was not paying the interest on her
old loans with the principal of her
new borrowings. Industrial investments followed the state loans, until
every little Investor In France felt
himself the creditor of Tsardom. But
nttmr the Japanese war a limit seemed
to have been reached. The banks,
with the Government behind them, re-
fused to assume the sole responsibility
for floating another Russian loan, and
asked for the co-operation of London.
It was here that our responsibility
began. After Paris. I/ondon Is the
world's money market. There Is no
other centre which could have floated
the hundred million loan which Russia
required. The moment was opportune. Lord lansdowne when he left
office lo 1*05 had already begun nego
tiations which were to end in the
Anglo-Russian Treaty of 1907. Sir
Edward Grey pursued tbem energetically, and by the spring of' 1906 the alliance was virtually concluded. But in
Russia the fortunes of the Constitutional movement were in the balance.
A sort of Constitution had been extorted from the Tsar by the general
strike in October, 1905. The elections
for the new Duma were already being
held in an atmosphere of tension. The
repression was in some, provinces at
its worst, yet the people were resolute
and hopeful. Everyone knew that the
new Duma would have to struggle for
Its rights against a reactionary ministry and a court which already repented its concessions. What weapon
could it wield? If it could have met
a discredited government with a bankrupt treasury, it might, with European
opinion behind it, have defied the
Tsardom. History would have moved
on very different lines. Tlie Liberals
aud the Socialist?, fresh from their
sweeping victory at the polls, could
have said to the Tsar ministers: "We
have Russia behind us and we hav.e
Europe behind us. Your coffers are
empty; your credit is exhausted.
Concede our full right of responsible
government and we win vote your taxes and sanction your loan. Deny our
rights, and we can answer for it that
neither in London nor in Paris will you
finance the mouey to finance your oppressions." But in .March, 1906, the
great loan had been floated in London
and .Paris, and ini.May, when the Duma
assembled, It found itself confronted
by a government whose needs were
satisfied, and whose war-chest was
full. In the years from 1854 to 1906,
Russian loans had ceased for all practical purposes to be floated in London.
The hostility which began with Crimean War had closed our money market to the Tsars. iWe opened It three
months too soon. Had we watted, as
the Russian Liberal Press implored us
to wait, we should have armed the
Constitutional movement with a weapon of coercion which would have enabled It toi dictate Its own terms. The
Cossack is useless, until the financier
stands behind him, But no parliament can effectively wield the traditional weapon of supply, if foreign
"Banks have nrst provwea ior tEeTHS™
ppt'a, needs.
The treason which began In March,
1906, has since become a habit and a
policy. The Foreign Office and the
Times, which, might with a nod have
checked the operations of the «lty
then, have steadily engaged In a
scheme for fostering the export of
British capital to Russia. What dimensions tt has reached today not
eun nn expert would confidently es
timatc. But even a layman who
iMances at the advertisements In tho
Rurrlan Supplement of the limes,
must be impressed with its grafting
Importance. One firm alone boasted
that between November, 1909, and
October, 1911, It had placed Rus^.an
bonds worth C 1,891,700 on the English
market. The city of Baku, in these
two years, borrowed £1,300,000 In
London, and many of the other large
towns have followed its example. Wn
rre rapidly emulating French p.w-
doin and are paying for our "undor-
stt-idtng" as ahe paid for her "alliance." Thero Is now In EnglnnV ns
thero was not In 1906, a force af self-
Interest which serves as a buttress to
things as they are.
The Russian Duma
It U unnecessary to recall In any
detail the main facts of Russian M»-
tory during the period covered hy the
nrltlth understanding. The H-%t
Duma, elected though It was at a
time of violent repression, showed tn
overwhelming majority for the pio-
gres'lve parties, and was dominated
by th* Liberal "Constitutional Uemo-
erats," commonly called "Cadets."
They claimed the right of every free
Parliament to demand a Ministry in
harmony with tbe views of the ma-
Jorlty, The first Damn was dissolved
after less than three months of life,
and for the rest of tbe yesr M. Btoly-
pin ruled without a Parliament Field
courts-martial terrorised the country,
and hanged Socialist agitators on an
average of sometimes three a day. A
second Puma met in IW*. and piweJ
to be still more radical tban the first
IM. Stolypta apparently regarded it in
the spirit of the monarch who wished
that the people had one bead that he
might cut it off. /The most powerful
and resolute party in it were the Social
Democrats. Against them he trumped'
up a, charge of conspiring to mako a
military insurrection. It was necessary that he should obtain the consent of the Duma .before he could arrest any of its members, and accordingly a commisison, chosen from all
•parties, sat to- examine his evidence.
iM; Teslenko, the secretary (reporter)
of this commission told the Third
Duma, in a public speech, that It came
unanimously to the conclusion, .that the
Socialist deputies were innocent*—1
'The Commission of which I was the
reporter arrived at the unanimous
conclusion that there was a conspiracy
but not of tha Socialist Deputies against the existing regime, but of the
Okhrana (Secret Police) against the
Second Duma The report of the
Commission in that sense was ready
:o be read at the tribune When the
Second Duma was brusquely dissolved: the Commission was prevented
from revealing the truth."
-The coup d'etat put an end to the immunity of these deputies from arrest,
and 35 of them were seized and tried
in secret before a special tribunal.
The Russian Social Democrats are, In
point of fact as little likely to play
with such a childish plot as are their
comrades of the German Reichstag.
Seventeen of these men, the bravest
and the ablest leaders of the Russian
working class, were sentenced to four
to perpetual deportation in Siberia.
Two of these deputies have die£ in
prison; one has lost his reason, and is
in a madhouse; a fourth, the 'brilliant
orator, Tseletelli, contracted consumption They have been treated as common criminals, nor were they even
spared the wearing of tetters and the
degradation of the lash.
With the dissolution of the Second
Duma, the experiment of electing a
Russian Parliament on a relatively democratic franchise came to an end.
Experience has shown that mere 'repression and .police terrorism, instead
of Inducing ihe masses to vote for reactionary candidates, only served to
improve the chances of the extremer
parties'at the polls. M. Stolypin accordingly, by an exercise of autocratic
authority, revised the electoral law,
and devised a franchise which at
length gave him a comparatively docile Duma. By au ingenious system
of indirect election, the few hundreds
of thousands of landed gentry were
given a voting power .which outweighed the millions of peasant electors,
and outside the towns it was practically impossible even for a Liberal to
secure election. The dominant party
in the Third and Fourth Dumas, which
sat since 1908, has been that of the
Octoberists, who profess a mild form of
Constitutional Conservatism. By an
almost unbroken servility and docility
the Third Duma saved, itself from a
premature 'dissolution, but no more
positive achievement stands to its credit. The 'Fourth Duma has been more
independent, but equally powerless.
or five years'hard labor, and ten more Inhere there is plenty to be done if
the farmer only bad the time to do it.
It-is not altogether a prairie question.
Here in British Columbia there are
farmers who cannot afford to clear
.their land, while in the cities hundreds
of men declare that they'would like
to work if they could only, get somethings to do. It will of course be' said
that the men in ithe bread .line would
not work steadily on a farm even for
reasonable wages. -This is proba-bly
true of the majority, but not of all.
There should be some,way of obtain-
| Ing farm labor out of the surplus of
strong-looking men who tell us that
they do not wish to be Idle.
The above editorial. from the Van
couver News-Advertiser is particularly
Interesting at this time when the
press throughout the provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan.and (Manitoba are
all sorely perplexed what to do with
the unemployed ln their midst.
As a suggestion, perhaps some scientist will arise who will solve the vexatious problem of how .these jobless
ones are to keep themselves alive for
the next four months pending the time
when the services of some of them can
be made use of in the harvest fields.
■To relieve a situation fraught with
such complexities, maybe some giant
intellect will come forth showing how
the workless can be put to sleep without lessening tjieir physical energies
until such time as they are needed to
shock, to pitch, to mow, etc. Unfortunately, thousands of the workera are
asleep today mentally but not phyclc-
ally. Were they not they would not
be so tolerant as they show themselveB
to be ln their acquescence tdi the present regime.
The Menace
of Militarism
used to produce one,unit of electricity,,
we get as the value of the gas 0.15d., ^
making as the total cost per unit 0.12d_
plus 0.15d. equals 0.27d., which is &■
very reasonable figure. . Attention
has recently been drawn to the fact
that the benzol scrubbers are effective
in removing from the gas a very considerable proportion of sulphur compounds which are not removed by ordinary oxide purification. The principal compounds so eliminated are carbon (bisulphide and thiophene, both oC
which ultimately are found tn the
crude benzol. If in addition to the removal of these compounds by the benzol scrubbers, oxide purification is also-
resorted to, the resulting gas will be
almost entirely free from sulphur, and
as such will be very suitable Indeed
for internal combustion, engines.—
Science and Art of Mining.
By David Starr Jordan, Chancellor of
Leland Stanford University
That Preparedness for War Is Insurance for Peace is a sophistry no
less specious than insulting to the intelligence of civilization. The only
insurance for'pea-ce rests in.the removal of war incentives and the education of the people to think in terms
of-., peace- when International differences have been created. There is
no conceivable difference between nations than cannot be amicably settled,
if both sides mean to be fair. There
is no possible degree of military pre-
or both sides ard bent on war, or if
militarism is opposed by militarism
only. To have peace we must cease
to discuss our differences with otber
nations in terms of war.
The American people have entire
confidence In the General Staff of the
Army and in the councils of the navy,
In matters relating to their own fields
of activity. It does not demand nor
expect from them the exercise of
It has less confidence in a General
Staff of Peace Adjustment because
such a staff does not exist Such a
commission, reasonably permanent,
would surely become as weighty and
Important as the Supreme Court of
the nation. But neither the United
States nor any other nation has made
provision for It Such a commission
would find work at once. It could apply itself to removing Incentives to
trouble. It oould take the chips from
Uncle Sam's shoulder. It-eould re*
vise the Monroe Doctrine, that It might
stand as Monroe left It, or better, that
It be eliared with South America. It
could then become m- doctrine of cooperation for mutual interests Instead
of a patronising irritation to tbe countries It was designed to protect, Tbe
commission could safeguard our relatione with Japan against'the meddling
of those who profit by making tronbM jUasette,
li could Insure that our present Red
Cross relation to Hunfpe shall not be
modified by falsehoods and hatreds of
Uie "exploiters and fighters" on either
aide, if a\»ch & gennral staff of peace
were a recognised pert of our government we should have less fear for war
preparations st Um\ For at home
from within lies the chief danger of
war. We bave never had a foreign]gather In their whstt Theee harvest
war we did not Initiate. We have]hands must bo well pnid for a few
never been In danger of war except | weeks to justify * rail Journey   of
combinations, satellites, and tentacles
have permeated Europe and Asia as
makers of madness. And the transfer to America of a share in the inordinate profits of war trading is not
void of danger, though the United
States is in no present jeopardy from
any quarter. It, however, any belligerent: nation should invade our
rights, the remedy would be iu diplomacy or arbitration, not ln war nor
in rumor ot war. .Bernard Shaw, in
a lucid interval, tells us that nations
are like bees: as they sting they die.
, i.e nations of Kurope are stinging and
dying, and It is extremely Improbable
that thev will recover to our hurt for
generations. Our relation to them belongs to the Red Cross, not to the firing line.
These facts seem to be beyond denial: All naval powers except Italy, are
now engaged tn a life and death struggle, leading toward mutual exhaustion. All are-eagerly cultivating the
friendship of the United States, No
attack from any of these Is conceivable and such an attack would be suicidal. The dreadnaught type of ship Is
still on trial, and for purposes, of
marine defense we may wait for the
lessons of this war. The whole sys-
tesm of militarism is on trial. The
civilisation of Europe can be maintained only by the suppression of its arm-
lei, Before this war began the nations were apparently ready for an
agreement to insure tbe immunity of
merchant and passenger Ships at sea-
commerce would abolish navallsm and
to make the sea the open highway of
its business of legalised piracy. For
the United 8tates. the ssfeet of nations, to consider at such a time the
increase of her own armaments would
be to Indicate a moet untimely readiness to Intensify the very evil whose
consequences now appal us and tend
to cheek the great movement which all
governments and nil earnest men
should unite to promote.-~8t i^ouis
Notes on by-product coking waB the
suhject of a paper by Mr. .T.W. Lee before the Yorkshire Junior Gas Association. He said that gas engineers regard the coke-oven engineer as a sort
of "younger brother" in the business
of coal carbonization. Controversy :s
frequently going on ln the technical
press with regard to the relative advantages of waste-heat and regenerative ovens. Itis generally agreed that
so far as the yields ot coke and byproducts are concerned, there is little
difference between the two types.
The chief advantage claimed for the
regenerative oven are in connection
with operation, flexibility, and the fact
that the surplus energy is obtained in
the form of "live" gas. We are usually told that with waste-heat ovens we
can count on one ton ot steam for each
ton of coal carbonized, and that with
regenerative ovens we can get the
Is used In gas engines, two or three
times as much power, aa from the
waste-heat ovens. iForty-slx cubic
feet of gas of 500 B. T. U. net are required tovgenerate one unit of electricity, the load factor being 59 per cent
The cost per unit, apart from gas and
Including management, running, repairs, and purification, is 0.12d. -Now,
a fair value of the gas at a colliery
when used in place of coal In 3d. per
1,000 cubic feet, and since 46, or say
approximately SO, cubic feet ot gas are
Under the Post Office <A.ct, Sections.,
65 and 66, the Postmaster General has
the exclusive privilege of receiving,
collecting, conveying and  delivering
letters within Canada.
Bills and accounts, whether in open
or sealed envelopes, as well as circulars or other printed matter enclosed
in envelopes sealed or ready to be
be sealed, ase "letters" within the
meaning of the Post Offjce Act.
There is a penalty under Section 136
of the Post Office Act which may
amount to $20 for each letter unlawfully carried.
It has beeu brought to the attention
of the Post Office Department that
some business firms desiring to avoid
paying the -War Tax which became effective on the 15th April, propose making arrangements for the delivery of
accounts, bills, circulars, etc., through
means otber than the Past Office, contrary to the Postal Act, and a warning is hereby given that the Post Office Department intends to insist that
the law shall be rigidly lived up tp,
and will in no circumstances allow
these parties to avoid paying the one
cent, tax which has been imposed for
war purposes.
All letters conveyed, received, collected, sent or delivered in contravention ot the Post Office Act wtll be
seized and necessary steps immediately taken for the prosecution ot the offenders in all cases where the law has
been contravened.
About tmt maxxtbrn bene* the prairie
farmers will be sending out hysterical
Mils for harvesters and es-peettng to
allure men trom distances of two or
three thousand miles  to help them
from the conduct of oar own people.
Looking abroad, tbo war In Europe
armaments. Europe wnn spending
lia.ooo.ooo or more every day. every
dollar eitorted In the sacred namo of
peace, and every dollar called Iniur-
three or tosr days each wny, In their
own tine and it tbelr own tipense.
Is at bottom a struggle between rlral j This year R will be found tbst many
of the tads who In other yenrs Joined
the harvest excursions for Um sake ot
n chasge hnvo gono to tbo war.
haps  lhe   sltostlon   will tot bt
Tbe people are beginning to clearly
perceive that jf^comblnation and co-
operation is a good thing for a few Idle
millionaires lt surely cannot be a bad
proposition for the industrious classes
who create the millions. When, the
workers let that idea sink a little deeper In their cranlums there is certainly,
going to be "something, doing" ia this
Canada of ours.—-Industrial Banner.
bt tnmtbr tamOr .for Cu<«M ana CeMi
Saila* tttt*
ntm against war, every dollar yielding; strained as In the brave days ot oM
large profits to builders of ermament j when eld num rasped tho harvest,
And certainly tW enpttimce of «••' )«»ag beys washed Um sheep, and Um
rope has shown thst uo Increase of'most foamed In the vols on the wblte
armament can make for peace, It may feet ot laughing girts whose siree had
wake Utt vktovy If a war l» ou. But * nwrahed to Rome,. But if tha prairie
at the im«ni Um* tt makes fer wer. for I wheat craps fulfils Ua promise tht cry
victory comes only after war. tot use grata grower out at mm nm\
tie mom ot ssttutnaat xo xmo4.n*o.ii***avevt., nom vtW ***•«»*> at*j ** i***
It lies In Um rofmatlon, as laConUa-.aml oOnbttnt. Tht western grata
taiat E-arop, of a ttOIUury <•*«* •rttjtwww «**»**« nlstaya ••*»*** '* **®'
op of men wbo havt never soiled their'up tbmwsodr of men from other pits
beads with ether nuitxt thaa blood.! of Ibe world tor s few weeks every
wbo retard tketr trait aa etpener m.yeot nmtmma* pay* mo* •*••»• wapo
all ctvll professions, not *t» bold fa aa Um Australian sheep sheerer ra-
contempt common soldiers aai dvl-jeelveeforashorttugagemtftt
Wt offer Um gmtaite-te aai perlmpe
I mpert laeat Mggaatloa ttmt Am prntttn
Who is Your
DO you ever consider
the importance  of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
Hans. The other element ts (hat ef
Universal Conscription, ly which every
«ea Is made lo bear anna.    Aai at | farmer shttM take advantage tf
nation fa wftfcft «e«ry «*« f* * sohfllsr' ptomot. mntttttm   nt' n**—-
tta teases, (aad becta it trpatat Mt
Cvary aCf-art ta uuke mffiUry »cr jWe nn t»t m*n tor the mm*m pi
Ivfct eomptieery. in wbtttvtr gtitt. Is;
I Ml SUMm SU pSVfkM&l IIwMriy..     !• US
lw  m  WnfWPCW  fPf  SmnffrOTi)
I Tkt Army -Mag-ate imi Maty latawss,
m IStrtft*, ara the toml tttotlire tt
jJUttct* of tn« ffnipp, TWHjr*, M-
IstfWML ScbttMan. vim. wftk
i ^mmm^nmgpi   *^**»w»fwwst|    w-mns    wptw
ie aMe lo  ptvtit
iftadl ^HflrifcfiisMk iNNtiSJ!
to  provide  eoatloyaMat  Ol
toot tm tat, tew tr thrat «ta,
la tht tin tl. Me MtM. A
smmM lw a pout way "ttt
AflkSHIIK  -fall te-^k  maa^jmJA. AdP titAA J^^&tipbpima
If you want really high
rinnn prtntmg-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B.C.
t (■
We have a fine
ection of—
And Go-Carts
at reasonable prices
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
Ba   C»
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs.
for tomorrow's
Calgary Cattle Co.'
Phone 56 Wood Street
: and
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
A. Maenell
8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Trend of Events
How Australians Are Beating Trusts-
Government Report on Real Wage*
The rapacity aad tyranny of the
American trusts may be meekly submitted to by indifferent and spineless
people In this country, but their greed
doesn't go in Australia to any great
extent. Their exactions have 'been
countenanced for a time, just long
enough to enable tbe people to understand that there was a systematic
squeeze being introduced, and then
action began.
The Harvester Trust, the Meat
Trust and other combines have been
acqniring quite a strong foothold in
Australia during the -past years. At
the outset they were fairly'reasonable
in disposing of their products, which is
an old .method to work up trade, and
after that is done the gouging usually begins.
power of the workers' wage throughout the United States is shown by a
report of the Bureau . of Labqr
Statistics, just issued. This is the
first report of its kind ever made, and
is being exhibited on a graphic electric
chart at the. Panama-Pacific Exposition.
It reveals what are the "real wages"
bf1,500,000 American workingmen. ..
It is shown that whereas a dollar
would buy 121 food units in 1907, it
would buy only .107 units in 1910, and
only 100 in 191.3. There liave. been
silght reductions in the length of working hours, and slight increases in the
rate of pay, but the statistics show
that the rise in food values has far
outstripped these conditions.
The figures are taken from all the
records of the Bureau of ^abor Statistics, and cover both the general
and the union field of labor.
If the union labor forces have been
iWe have kept our readers informed of the fact that the Labor party is! unable by hard fighting to keep pace
' with    the
We Are Ready to Scratch
>fi you- bill any item of lumber aot
'ound just as we represented.   Tbere
it no hocuB pocus io
This Lumber Business
Wben you vr&at spruce we do not
<etid you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip lo a
ot of culls. Those wbo buy once from
is alwaya eome again. Those wbo
j have not yet made our acquaintance j wheat and other cereals.
r.re taking chances tb-fy wouldn't en-
Mfmntar   If  thoy  hnnghi   thftlr  IjimhaT
in control of three of the six States
composing Australia, as well as the
National government, and' that the
FederalJ and State administrations
controlled by the workers were discussing and putting into operation
plans calculated to benefit the conditions of the common man, instead of
legislating for a select few manufacturers, bankers, railway and mining
magnates and their kind, and then
expect them to take tender care of |
the rest of the people. j
At the outset of the European war j
the   Labor   government,   fixed    the I
price of wheat and destroyed the   in-1
centlve of   the   stock   gamblers   to j
clean up enormous profits at the   ex-1
pense of the people.     Instead of in-;
troducing retrenchment schemes   and j
throwing people out of employment in :
the same manner   that other govern- j
ments and private corporations did the
world over, the Labor rulers took steps
-to push forward public Improvements,
and acquired land, buildings and machinery and are furnishing productive
work to idle men and minimizing suffering and misery.
The government of Xew. South
Wales, for instance, have acquired control of a vast acreage of fertile land
near Sydney, the largest city in that
State, is constructing houses thereon
and removing Idle workers to the new
town, who will be employed to raise
increased cost of.Jiving,
what must be the suffering of the nonunion workers, whose wages in money
have remained stationary or actually
decreased In some industries? Yet
there are some greedy profit-grabbers
who are actually discussing wage reductions. A few of the chief conspirators ought to be hanged to teach the
others a lesson.—Cleveland Citizen.
Wherever electricity is employed in
coal mines, there are two dangers attending its use; the possibility of an
explosion, and of fatal shock. The
incandescent electric lamp is a great
boon in all underground work. - It
furnishes a good light requiring no
attention, but, a contemporary recalls,
the following precautions are necessary. Every lamp should be protected by a gas and waterproof glass,
held in a strong metal fitting; the
fitting should be connected to earth
one of the wires; the brass tube then
becoming "alive." The man received
a shock which caused the muscles of
his hand to contract, and prevented
him from letting go, and the result was
eventually fatal. Something of this
kind is very liable to take place in a
coal mine. The "squeeze" may cause
a wire to be tightened under the
sharp edge of a fitting, the insulation
being cut through, and the fitting becoming "alive." If the pressure is
only 50 volts, there is practically no
danger of shocks; if it is even 200 volts
a man,touching the fitting will be very
fortunate if he escapes. The electrical
engineer   mentioned   above, says the
so that should a connection be   made
between one'of the conducting wires I Telegraph, condemns the practice that
and the case, a man going to repair
it cannot receive a shock. It is also
■recommended by the electrical engineer of one of tjje South Wales collieries, that the pressure at the lamp
should be only $0 volts. As a large
number of collieries in the United
Kingdom work with three-phase alternate currents, It is- quite easy to
transform down to that pressure. At
50 volts even alternating currents are
safe; the lamps have stronger filaments, and therefore last longer, and
the whole arrangement is safer. As
an instance of the danger from an
electric light fitting becoming "alive"
the case which occurred some time ago
may be mentioned. A bracket consisting of a bent brass tube, held against
the wall by a disc in the usual way,
supported an electric lamp taking
current at 220 volts. The wires leading to the lamp passed through the
tube. A man made a grab for the lamp
bracket, and in doing so, caused a
sharp edge of the tube or disc to cut
through   the   insulating   envelope   of
is rather common in coal mines of connecting two or more incandescent
lamps-in series on a 500 volt service;
There is always the danger mentioned j
above, of the fitting becoming "alive,"
anil the lighting itself is not so good;
50 volt lamps taking current directly
from a 50 volt service, all the lamps
being connected in parallel, will be at
their best. They will give a good
light, and ■will have a long life; while
all the lamps of the same age will
glvo approximately the same light.
With two or more lamps in series on a
500 volt service; the filaments will be
weak, and easily broken, and in addition, there is. nearly always a tendency
for one or more lamps to get more
current than the rest, owing to.leak'
age to "earth" on the conductors, etc.,
between the lamps^ The lamps which
receive the largest current give more
light than the others, and tend to burn
out quickly. If one lamp burns out In
a series, the whole series are extinguished, and .that may be a very serious matter at the pit bottom.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
— Dealers In •—
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, 8ash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings.
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite O. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
•A short time ago Premier Holman,
head   of the     Xew South Wales gov-
It has just come to light that a
peculiar state of affairs exists in connection with the placing of names on
the new voters' list. A case has been
mentioned to The Sun where a man
was born in England, but moved to
Canada when he was a child and who
has lived in this country ever since.
Unfortunately, owing to conditions
that then existed in Bruce 'bounty,
Ontu in the old pioneer days he was
unable to receive an education. Owing
to this, he has been informed by
Registrar Mahoney that "before placing your name .on the said voters' list
(mentioning the electoral division), it
will be necessary for you to prove tnat
you can read English," This is only a
sample of the methods that are being
enforced by the provincial government
towards those who are suspected of
being favorable to the opposition .—
that   they are not able to read   Mr.
European Labor Affairs
ernment, went before the Sydney
Trades Council and outlined plans of
coming State activities that are nothing les3 than revolutionary In character. ,
They are going tb create a   great
central market In Sydney   that   will
tion of the registrar.
It rests with the registrar to ->xer
else the right whether he shall coni-j
pel a  man  to give proof that ho  Is <
able to read the King's English,   ns!
' LONDON, \\irl IS.—There is still n
let ■ o'f'talk in the .r.ewspapers hero
atou*' time being lest on important
war materia! work through the exces-
sivo drinking of th3 workers: f^ractic-
ally all the examples brought forward,
however, are either promptly proved
incorrect or else they arc Individual
cases which can have uo bearing upon
general industry and which arise in
all times. Talking with large numbers of trade union officials, organizers, and union members in London,
their attitude may be summarized as
"Why penalize the whole of the people for the fault of the few?     No one
j lias suggested that excessive drinking
hours of drinking, as his union was
carefully considering the matter.
An engineering manager of expei'i-
gave me his views on April lst on the
question of drink and the workmen.
<He said that, so far as his own works
were conferred, the loss of time
through intemperance among tho men
did not exceed 3 per cent. 'His experience wis that among the ski'led
London Mechanics there -was virtually
no intemperance. His works in usual
times employed about a thousand men.
but, owing to reservists being cadet up
and others being attracted by tl.e unlimited overtime in the arsenals, the
number had dropped to about 800 Absence of men was the only reason why
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. .McNicholas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m„ in K. P, Hall.
Noble  Grand—A.   Biggs
■ R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Aiello's Hail second and third Mondays ia
each month.
John !.'. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday a' 7.30
p.m.. In their own HaU- -Jle-
toria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combe.
K. ot S„ U. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddison.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m„ In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, .1. Sweeney,
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace lx>dge, No.
224, ineeis in the K. P. Hall
uecpi 1 ami''fourth Friday of
cadi month at 8 p. in.
■VK-S. .1. RROtWS, W. v..
■Miss Flora MctJuire, Sec.
Terrace Lodge 1718. Meet
;n the K. ')». HaU flr^t aud
il'-r" Frida.v evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
'<    ' Ui'iMITON. \V. M.
^i aji=. fjvr.ni]
shown by chapter 72, section 4, sub- i
jThe most that oan be said is that there
i i3 a minority in all classes who are
{addicted to excessive drinking and who
allow it to interfere with their work."
II..  many the proposals are attributed
to the Ideas promulgated by the tem-
Before the war there were between
fifty und sixty women In the "Great
Central Railway Company's service.
Now there are about 400.     These In-
have complete control over the food j 8ec.tlon bof the Bp_: Statutes nt mil
Bar supplied with Ibe liest Wines
Liquors and Gift-m
Beware of Ointment* for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
«1 mrti-ntr vlll Mtfrtf ■U-*tr**r 11mm ttm it tSMU
ami «*|l*i.i> drfttoat" tim ttttmU. */*uem atutn
iiMi-wlnn li ii-nniiifi tim iwi.iiiiii •iirr*-iii.».   (fiii-h
%fttrttti »t»H|M tittrt *rr mttrtt «-UM Ml tmtmtp-
imi. torn i.im*.ut<- ib>xii-ia**, a* in* n*t**n*.
Umi will il" I- uu l-i-i l» -jm *m*t ftm nam tm*-
♦IMr -Vrtft* Ii".w fW*. tlelV* Cat iff* (ttt*.
tutaut.-ltinil If |. 4, t'hi-w-jr ** »K. tMM% U«
rutltlnii ii. *9tn*i*. e»| l« uk*m MtrrMttj.
••tlm illiwilr *x*m tk* M*n4 **4 min.an an*
tam t.i ty* .fttm. le 'twjrfcw Hair* iiiii*
<•»»» ta nam* y«w ***t lit* at-mta**.   U I* 1*1 **
Hfc-nwlt* * «Mt Hunt- t» T.*«*i. ttpa, I* r. i.
l"ptat it fu.   TM»l»it*il» tet*.
t»u it !t»wt»t-».  tvi'*, w*. i»* x-t'ti*.
un* ii#ti*» r.«nr wi- t*t *amto*ttm
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
BottW Goods 1 Sptclilty
supplies — tbat will operate all the
bakeries in the city, which will be
takon over at a fair price; that will
fix the price, of meat and bave authority to purchase cattle on the hoof,
slaughter It and sell to the people
direct; that will catch fish and deliver
them to customers at first cost, that
will handle fruit at rook bottom prices
and. In short,, tbe commission will be
empowered and equipped to go ln
for (socialistic production pnd distribution of the necessaries of life on a
scale such as no municipality In the
world haa ever known. j
Premier Holman further promised!
tbat tbe plana now maturing would
eventually be introduced throughout
the whole State of New South Wales.
aud Intimated that tbe cont of living
would be materially reduced, ulille
at tba same time tbe present wage
rates that bad been fixed by arbitration board would remain.
It should be added tbat New South
Wales ls already enganed lu a dozen
different branches of manofaeturlng.
and that otber States are also falling
la Una, Thus, for example, West
Australia It producing farm Implement* and putting a crimp in the Am-
erlean Harveater Trust's frade In Australia In much tha same manner that
the former State la hammerlna holes
Into tba Armouisdwlft Iteef Truat fortifications,
Wa learn from a government report
which states: "AH male persons ot
the age of 21 years and who ha
British subject shall be entitled to
vote If he is able to read this act or
any portion thereof to the satisfaction
of the registrar, If required to do so."
Mr. Mahoney contends that It la uot
optional with him, and that he will
refuse the right to vote to anyone wbo
cannot read English.
What An Australian Saw at Credley
Albert Ilinchcllffe. Labor M, LC, or
Queensland, wbo has recently returned
from a visit to America and Britain,
thus records bin Impression* of Cradle) 1 loath, tlie chain uiauuracturliia
town Just ouuide Birmingham: "Hero
woman live In unspeakable hovels ln
the ba-rk of wbleb are smithies containing a forge and the Implements of
trade. Tbe women slave hi these little bells from morning until nlgbt.
forging the link*, and handling tbe
beivy chalna—which, In *ery truth,
are the symbol* of their servitude.
Tbe conditions aro absolutely indescribable, and I wouldn't hsve bellev-
ed that auch things eould exist In
Kngland In the 2<Hh century bad I not
seen them witb my own eyes. Home
of these women have bablei which are
j iterance party, and generally the foei
' i lnr: expressed was one antagonistic to
, the suggestions^ In this connection u
i.trads union organizer Mid: "If the
! ."orklng class stand prohibition th'iv
I win stand anything. The brewers
I and the licensed victuallers say that
1 tha amount of drink tr, nan med sine*!
j the additional cent .vm added to tlio
i piH.ce of beer has ideTeaced 35 to ."id
I p»r ont.' The fact does not be.tr mt
! the (iliegatlons mado regarding i-x-
; cesslve drinking. A lot of general
I ponsense is talked concerning *i.< ■.'!•
facts, but if the truth were known,
' excessive rink Is not tho cause, but
excessive hours of work,"
W. A. Appleton, the general, secretary of the -General Federntton of
Trade Unions, said: "Complete prohibition Is a much more sensible proposal ilian tbe suggestion to forbid
drinking in those ures* where munitions of war are manufactured. If
one class of men Is to he restricted,
then the others mutt also be affected
In the same way. All classes ahould
in my opinion, receive tbe same treatment."     In reply to a question, Mr.
. _±fe»_4i. «.m AJuvfe—A.X hi n »lr_ —* * ** **^ ** ^^* 1*^  a—.-u*i.
|-n;-n-nHluuin,-*vi-iTVi n. IJ-oi—lun-cum-;    5* 1
less than at ordinary times.     At present  the  output  was almost wholly
armament .md trench pumps.    Ha believed his was the common experience
11.   London   engineering  works.      He]
told  mc that once  or twice he   >il
happened 'o watch the men as tiuv
were leaving tho works after --CMii'ii*,
their pay, and  although  there  wer*
two public houses near the gates ami
no others near, less than a dozen -cf
'the men turned Into tbem.
« Leaving this question on one s'.f.e
for this week it ls interesting to note
Unit the experiment of replacing male
porters who have joined the colon
by women Is meeting with considerable success on (lie (Ireat Central tlai!-
\yay. Womon have been doing mr-
j ilugc clcmiilng on thta llm tor mme.
time, "mid doing It very well," sai.1 an
official who wus not anxious to mnUe
comparlHOtifi with the men. It wan
from these cleaners that the womer-
i,<*r.iTn utre chosen, tliey work on i«nt
platforms only, as the authorities do
not wiKh them to mn the *nnif rin'; a.*
the men.
Then* Una been mme critleisui, but
I mostly of a good-humored nature, and
j dn' women have slipped Into the!.*
! work no well that pasenger* art! !■"•>
*iUniiluii to take them fur m luti'ii,
• One of tbe most astonished arrival*
I placed tn a swing nearby while tb«lr
recently published by Weat Australia j unfortunate mothers slave Ult* damn-
that that government Is wannfactur- ed tonli In the nethtrmoii reafon of
Int and selling binders at $170 for'Hade*! I asked one woman bow she
which private concerns charg* «S»; Hiked the work W»ll. things are
chaff cutters at W agalnsl $13«; 1ft-1much butter thin ihey u»<m! to b*7
furrow gang-plow* at |J0« agaln»tjabe explained, for w« are now at
If to-, windmills at |H» against IJt«: jple«e work, *b'«b permit* us to earn
..'.loot h»ne»tei» .it |,';!.'• again*! f.'i-ta,  ikii  !*>*.»    Him    ttipptfiit-*- nn    hour.'
And this was sn Improvement! Wb»i
.    , ,        ...».■«,     ..     ._  .     .on tiooit Friday morning was a young
Appleton said the Federation bad aot off,r<ir w|||| H hw m^K ^ a
quantity of other luggaae wbo lound
hliiMtlt ifCt-K-d or It Uy ait Ahi.u-jii
with 11 budge on h««r arm, wbo put
I bim, lugKiiae and all, in a taalc-ib before he h.id tlttttf lo realise wbwre *e
was. and. in ju*t n* im»iiit>**itlitt a *»v
pocketed his tip
Hobert Wllllanix. aecretary  of
received any evidence that such a
drastif course was absolutely necen-
sary.     "Those case* which we bave
>;i'.)ui;*vd   i:.'.i>   hv,\-   :*ut   *wj»li.»i vlmi*
tliroiah excessive <lrl..l:ing.
i*lhi»r cau**'*--overwork it*
tiucnt breakdown."
but fron
l   .***
List of Locals District 18
** '*\X ! ** «**<-*»*.*■--" i*t,*t*,*t^,'ttit)t  tn*.
tHm*r *>•**#-% ,. .1 t*wf%tsi», Waa-we-r -fNw*!, a\n ipfnchev,
VHkNUi. .#a«H« ttarfc*. Boa W, BaHartM, Mta
BWlraMra..... Wtn. Arofctr, Btoinwro. AJta
mwtmm,..**........*..*n. **. wmnaw^an. wwamrnmap, aamm
Carbotdale.. 1. MMdwfl. -OotAooAtm, Cfttami, Alta.
i>p«.„.n tiir^iman Ware***  Tp-tiwttnm   ttln
iStmtPmo.»*..»,,i.......99*. JoboPtoo. Cwaaau. AIUl
CoiMb................. R. Oatiltt, CortiB, B.v.1
«'bUto«k MImi P. Iwaastwi, Chlaook Ulaaa, Caamere*. Alt
rente... tl»«. Vobai. Famla, & C.
Frank. ... .. tinn Morgan, ftobb, Mtn.  '
MttlttoOt..-.............Mack mAttPtO. nHMfMN* AIU
LMbWIdte.... .-.. A Faaeoea, Wot »**, IjetSnOttit*, AJta.
t^Wridtti Ogfltavta-i*..* Froth
Antto Uoi,       .-.*-* u. HarMM^
uui^i MaWiJ   tO**m   MUmI   •   it
ptatmtm.,-....*   .*.#**...»* ivp..Mf«   svn%  aa^at^am aa* •**,
rnmbmrg. ,   . yT.<i.mtitm*.Poommit.MAo
VWiWWr**  *   < ' * * t t a * a- a a* <W.     *»WUlw^BBW»(     lw(W»i   ■#lWlP*'
lieetemiowo. Vno—ro...tto* IlMtar. OuMgMtt**. GtotMWt, Alt.
tbnmno Atom ...tno IPwtPtr, itmPom, at* Ratty MawMata
bmmn.* -
©tc, ate.
It 1* (wpoaalbl-t l-x d* fetstke In, *
brief r«watM|i#r article lo's«verit«MM-
al oxpanaton along the llnea or •ocial
f}«iM|e« tkat is taking place In Auttra
tin We run only ref»«r to tbe m»1n
f««» In a ntansl way, and dt*Mun tor-
Am details from (Inw to time ta keep
»'-«*   hl\t    hi**:
***** wett'tr*
ment' mmrT'
s, x'jm. Ut »? :•!»**.* ■««.*
^*fof*   tbe 'tmprofe-
Wbat, tn«te*<l? - B f,
cojfty witt fav #r ctmrt
.S'4iiotsal Ti4i.»i«/u Worker*  Vn-Uti*-'.
Hon. declared-  "If tbe ivil i>f iiLnk*:
it a* great at Lloyd llt'a.'^e rcmi-te- j
htitids, (he more dnstlc th>t mea*wr»*!
ii*t» more efflcatloua thw ro aed»*    Ti,e!
i!t'i«>.«<«|4inden«f> «f labor u *• mv-m
.'it ;ouh)i the nttitst of a min tu v u.\
'r-'-'.ii i«i .» .ttet w »"!■».» '• "*'.tl '
•Ve: !■; unH't she Um."    Mr. "*.V'Jr'.,im«''i
«'««!;UjiiiIih«i|  tbt* I iti  Mai    in    tit nut
W'tirkln* ctans f!|**Hft*. nt tbt» dock* <
At>.t i.*i ti**- *bipy<*itii. (!>•' »ii-it»l,t l.ttiim .
*.:* nwt merely- * driniilnx sb-»i>.  »"-:
nit* a fltti*- tit *m-*iun.    lit- uiu»-4 thai
In  the et ent mt  proitiUltUm  * -noting > |
about »lVp* nlMeiO be taken to pro-*
tl4n eattlttttna **i* **•*, ************ ,,* vn.1t "
er* to wteb ermnt.
[    « fttennett, dlstrl-H ***r*inrr of the
- A«Mlga*BMf*»d  ■fcxifty of Csrpfntirt
71Ti*ae"tTcKeFlorters, typists, snor*.Uaud—
writers,  telegraphisU, and  telei);Jone
operators.     Recently they have been
taken into tbe general manager's office for secretarial work.
"Women have their limitations, but
there is plenty of scope for them," wa«
the opinion of a high oticlal of this
railway, who added tbat 4,O0(> .nen
from the Great Central had Joined the
army, 200 of whom had already appeared in the casualty lists.' There
arc as yet"no women railway porters
at any of the other great termini,
though it Is said that a step In this
direction is contemplated at several
of them.
It Ik unlikely that the movement to
enlist the services of women as conductors on London tramcars—a matter about which there was some misgiving when it was seriously discussed
by the Highways Committee of tbe
Loiu'oii County Council some days ago
-—will proceed much further In fa?e
of thc growing opposition. One of the
branches of tbe Amalgamated Association of Trailing) und Wlildtj Worker*
Ita* iliifuit-iifd io strike if women aro
iinpluyeil. A resoluiion^was carried
by the m«'ti cui Man h S&lli aaalnst the
introduction of women and asking tbe
executive council's permlsloit to withdraw tlieir labor lu the tsveut ol such
a coumf being adopted At tbe same
meeting tt was also agreed that n
mass meeting should be called to decide what step* should be taken to
t-nforrt! * demand for » ftfseea per
ct»nf increaae of wage* Tbe othpr
branches ar»» to b* asked to tak«» similar wiioti, no that ibe council of tha
aiMx-tstion may be required to move In
both matters—Tbe Volet*.
rn-* f *.. *-
',Jtl I
-I'rtf*^ evi *'b^ -MWt 'ti 11* t*,i l'li'-- i-ttrib *    "ftt'Tii-*-,^." 1-*Vr* i*f,«t*    >,' "r*htii!iii>!
»t«e thing cerfals It, the Aa-ntrallana ] *enl Army** ttmt*, hm bough! out ,a
aro giving tha world n good ilhiatration 11o*l mine at FPtsblat. Oblo. aad lmm#-
Mf «lwt Wi Ini torn when tht «*Hmmi j dlately *bowe« bla good win hy slgntng f *-*» Mmm, aaidr "tm «pt*sttoii ol
hmeom* wriaws   entwgh W do tk»lr|up with th« raited Aim Worker* tm I otramiae drinking do** not artte In
r,-.-..    f*.,,.*-*.  -,       *T*tr**   1.-...-*     ,.,-.*..,.t   t,.,'■„.,     ,9    .... i,...     ..   , *«.,        t,..     _   ,      »,.*..,»*   *n   »*>-■   .■»»•./.. <.  r •   ***»*•   *,'.-,..-
|mom tint* to il'vM* ihelr v«Im   b*[ie>g MaJortty'#t»t« that tbla ottMn \" *■ »m.Uk. pr»*s*-'#-at *tt tb* lM-**v*#4''
ltwnm t«n» rttal raisp* of eaptulistk U i» m««« the «a»plojnwas of oter .Vthltl*   W«wk«ra"   I ;»**)*,   romarked
polhlcUam, phiring In power first on* {hundred men wtll bo nn add«4 argn i
thnt tatl drivers aad hu* m<»it  •*■'.-
crowd and Umm lb* a-tbor. and tkn%
nmntng nm-t tn a clwle. ytnr  tn*-
It la beea*'»*c thc Aastraliant ttt. mlborne like €m*y emm mi-on* w» *
mrmmt, and r*tmt* to pmtm -*rw- f pmtmtttm (hat V» oae* bt tw reel
mt*rm to be »l#t*d Ay «*>I4 pt«e|« \ *i*eraf*«r« ot Pmltoenntmrtt ithh* tm
it-eon, Ifenl tbty have n groat   tni-tv f nmlotaln n torfc«at on Ik* U.***> nnlon
men! that tho rat* dontnadHI br lh* > i«ninofnt# m*n. aa in«l#od ib«i had to
»l»«m ens he pnid if tb* Industry. It [ **> W»* «w»»ed.
U rather arottfylnv lo nm an old war f    K f. Fron. wetretnn- et th# National
Vnitm «f lii*»«-fi Witikfi.. mm hk*
mofrtomit ams nrt*
ifctl poHti-fTtl and
nsahlttg «B*bR.i*ii
A Waabtotton *r«f»tt «ay* tint, nn
f<mt miw* dm} mmy npptm-t f«l.i-
nth* to tnom wim born* mt*bn* btt
mmm, bol that be Oettma** In want b*
In •*** ptntn hy hhn lat#*t
• et* nbtfttttrtt r-nrtosed to*
titOtpIrt* iirtAtl'iA'Uit** "Tbt* rtlert" "■
be nt***. "wonld h» to #«»-«# tmt i
■t-HHtami*- b»:i 4*h*0 «u *+***r*i hauttifl-. I
•* thmmaiaid* al w«rfc#rs, hirmea %"A jj
b»maM* "    ft* *mmU met *%ot*m nm *
rnteltm tnmnttm* m, tb* mmtttet *r>
mm   |       em* a        «n        mm 11
Take Time by the Forelock,
If you know juat whit you mom btfort going
nHootnnr. trim will now* wmtr tram ttm* nn *»**! no
tht itofthitPtri. A Itw mlnuteg In nuking a tint
of your requirement* will uve trouble nnd annoy-
ance. and prevent your forgetting aome important
Aa a reminder of your needt, read the advertisement*. Merchant* who mm the advertising
column* ik> %** ton your <.onv entente, believing
you will appreciate it and that it win add to theft
valut in your cye»
Von art not getting th* lull vahie ef your
paper unlet* you read the adveftbemettt*.
ntmrottitp omermnn* in t»*  -vmrmmntwt^nntm-ytyrmmn Ijtlmr totmnl.        JptMl fur IMUTatfeB* d* Itr pffH«t:J ■y^^F,y,r*t
Appeal to Close
Ladies' Ready -to-Wear
12 Silk Dresses Saturday Special $8.50
In this lot you will find dresses made of crepe de
cliiiic. iiH-ssaliiie and pongee. Colors are Copenhagen, grey, tan, navy and black. Sizes: 16 to 38.
Regular pi-ire from $15.00 to $25.00.
Saturday Special $8.50
20 Ladies' Suits
on sale Saturday
for $12.50.
In this lines of
Suits you will find
a good selection of
styles and materials. The colors
are: Black, navy,
grey and brown;
sizes: 16 to 40.
Saturday Special
Children's Straw Hats
Children's Plain Straw Hats in extra good quali-
ty.    Regular price $1.00 to #1.75,
Saturday Special   75o.
Ladies' crepe and silkulino, trimmed with silk
banda, in plain und flowered designs, ranging from
*2.50 to $5.00.    On Sale Saturday at
Half Price
Women't Combination* at 75c.
Women's Combinations in fine quality cambric,
nuely trimmed with luce and insertion. Sizes 84
to 42.
Saturday Special   76c.
Ladies' Petticoats
Ladies' moire Petticoats in black, navy, purple,
and grey.     Neatly made with narrow and wide
flown i1*.    Hiftilnr ♦1.00
n *     •*.     n ., .*..* ew,
~9*9*.9999j       *f999», .,
Bay's Wish Suits at Wc.
Hoy'« Httitn made of good, strong gingham and
whiten, trimmed with lontrasting collar and miffs.
Hum, 2 lo 7 yean    Regular value #1.25 to $1.75.
spvenu ..,.*****..........*.*,.,, wc.
Extra Pay-Day Snaps in our
Men's Department
_ iin***
r „ X 11 x * « * I
iiit tt tir
it*nil/ ■   ...y-'As.
mat   .-■!:■   :yl>*::y
.y j * * * *
; * a a * *\
... J*nan***.*,
A itt an* *****
'•j. annnnn-a *
.j    ^~*9M*,** ***'.
,,y\        \M***n»
\ ■  V     >       Yu K * tt M
,-■■   ■   -\a**,i
I •**■*'
" V* *'
A few odd lines
of suits worth up
to $20.00 will be
shown in our
window at $12.50
for Saturday.
Now is your time
to buy.
Mens Work Sox
Men's heavy Cqtton Sox, mixed colors; a good
wearing sox. ; -c
2 Pairs for ,- 25c.   ~
Men's heavy Cotton and Wool mixed Sox; give
good wear.
Saturday, 7 pair for $1.00
Men's Ulack Cashmere Sox, regular 35c. pair.
Special Saturday at 4 pair for
A big shipment just
received of new designs nnd colorings
in Knitted iTies.
These are usually
sold at 50c. each. On
sale for Pay Day
only at
25 cents
See our big display in the Meii's
Clothing Department of Children's
Felt Hats, new
shapes, in a big
variety of colors.
On special sale for Saturday at 50 Cents
These  are  a  big Snap
Men's Leather Belts in brown or Mack, V/» inch
wide; all sizes.    Regular, value 75c.
Saturday Special 25c. each
Mens Outting
Hen's Light Colored Shirts
with collars attached; in light
blue, cream, green, linen and
stripes; all sizes from 14 to 18.
On sale while they last at 95c.
each,    Worth up to $1.50. ,
You'll have  to hurry for
these, they won't last long.
Pay Day Special 95o.
Ladies' and Gents Boot Department
Ladiea' Footwear at Greatly Raducad Prices
Odd lines ol Wli**' black, high-cut button and
1 Mueller Hoots, in patent, vici and gun metal leathers; made in several styles; loir and high toe and
keel; a good variety to choose from. Regular prices
firt^i $3.75 to *5.00.
Saturday Special 18.80 pair
Ladles' Tan Boots, Special $8.35 pair
Help is a good opportunity to gel a styli-nli and
up-lo.dMii' tan button or
laco boot at t*ost price
We are clear in ir out n
fpw linn** nf our Iimi! tan
calf Hoots, and evety pair
we giuirniitei' to give satisfaction. Regular retailf
pri** from #4.75 to $6.00.
ftpaciai lor ttstunuy
Childs'and GirU'Shoos at $1.75 pair
Th«« ort odd lint* of broken sisw, in jrW kid
ami pm metal leather, made on different styles of
**■',,11. ttttttit. Uvu  rmntt   *ervit*nehl* *bn*n ttrr Vit^it
nr heavy wear.    Sites, ■'» to 1% and 8 to lO'/i.
Saturday BelMof Prioe $1.75 pair
Men's Footwear
Men's Tan Boots at $3.90 Pair
Men's Tan Button and Lace Boots, of good quali*
ty tan calf akin, made on wide, easy fitting lasts,
with high raised toe and medium heel. Regular
prices $5.00 and $5.50.
Special Selllnf Price $8.90 pair
Mas'a Pit Boots at ttlf Pair  *
.^^SP *m   w mm   mtwmram^^  www  ^^^rnwratw  mn ■^^■w
14en** nailed digging hoots with outside counter
ami well-nailed aolea; solid leather boota.
facial •atarday  *$S.$B pair
Grocery Specials
Fresh Rhubarb, 4 lbs 25
Fresh Asparagus, 2 lbs 25
Navel Orpges, per half case  $1.90
Assorted Soft Drinks, per dozen 90
Wagstaff's Grape Juice, qts 50
Roses Lime Juice, pts , 35
Lemonade Powder, large size     .25
Health Salts, 2 tins  25
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb 30
.Rolled Oats, 8 lb. saek y   .40
(.lorn Meal, 10 lb. sack 40
Fresh Cream Chocolates, per lb., 35
Fresh Assorted Creams, per lb .'  • .15
Riley's Toffee, per lb ".    .35
Gold Seal Milk, 2 tins     .25
Lowney's Cocoa, % lb 25
Lowney's Cocoa, 1 lb 40
Heinz Catsup, pts .-.    .25
Evaporated Peaches, per lb 10
Seeded Raisins, per pkg.' 10
Connor's Kippered Herring, 2 tins 25
Walnuts, per lb 20
Picnic Hams, per lb 14
Rolled Boned Shoulders, per lb 15
Empire nams, small.; 18
Kmpire Bacon, per lb 22
Cooking Eggs, 2 doz. .: 25
Roquefort Cheese, per lb 30
Premium Sliced Cooked Hams, per lb 40
Premium Sliced Roast Pork, per lb "....    .35
Fowl, per lb 21
Chicken, per lb ,,.'. 23
Dry Good Dept.
Dress Goods Special
A big special lot of Woolen Dress Goods.   Speci-,
ally reduced for Pay Day.    In the assortment are
serges, Venetians, satin cloth, cashmeres, eto.   A
big range of colors to select from.     Regular 75c.
85c. and $1.00 per yard.
Pay Day Special 49c. yard
New Wash Goods
Prints, ginghams, etc., in exceptionally good
values, Just the thing for children's dresses and
pinafores.    Fast washing colors.
Pay Day Special..........., 2 yards 85c.
27-Inch Embroidery Plouncing
Extra fine quality muslin and has deep embroidery.    Makes pretty, dresses,  underskirts,  etc.,
Regular 35c yard-
Pay Day Bpooial....  25c.yard
Posfoa Silk Bpecisl
Natural Pongee in a nice even weave.   AH pure
silk and a good width.  Regular 40c. yard.
Pay Day Special 25c. yard
Ladies Silk Lustra Lislt Bom
This is a aplendld quality; spliced toe and heel,
and a deep garter top. Look jost like silk. Sites,
8«£ to 10.
Pay Day Special 3 pair $1.00
Boy's Straw Hats in Mexican style; a good ana
•hade. Theae will he on aala in onr Men'a Department at  ivt. each
Children's Straw Hats In a variety of shapes
will be on sale in our Men's Furnishing Depart-
ment at ..•>..• ••.•... .,,•<••..■ • sdo. eaoa
Children's Wash Dresses made of gingham, percale
and Indian head, nicely trimmed in a good assortment of styles; site, % to 16 yean,    Prieea ranging
* .*,* I** ,    %t% »n
...tr**.   *-!*■■ *.m99   9*t   tfiitr-r't
In red with blue trimming^ short sleeves aad low
cot neck. These are just tho thing for hot ttwi*
n.er weatoer. *■■*.*■■■*
Theao will tw cleared Pay Day at ... Me. ft*.
The Store of
Money Saving Ptict*


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