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The District Ledger 1915-02-06

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 I ,
Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 24, Vol. Vm.
B. Co Fed. of Labor
Takes up Elmer's Case
Herman Btoer -is a well-known ni-am-X
ber of the United Mine Workers of
America, and secretary of the Michel
Local Union In British Columbia. Pre-
vious to -the. outbreak of war he was
well-known In .the Crow's Nest Pass-
District for Ida anti-militarist views..
Not anti-ondUtarist Insofar as it applies
to any one country, but in the International sense. When the war broke
out he realized that being of German
oiigln did not -make his situation any
less delicate, a-ndi from all reports was
careful in his utterances. iBut at one
of the local union meetings he reiterated Ids belief that the working class
of ail nations ahould be opposed to
war, Iu .-doing so he was not saying
anything outrageous, and moreover,
relied upon, the pledge of secrecy
which meanibers of the mineworkers
take w*hen they join the union not to
reveal anything sain fn meeting. Hut
some incumber, who hfid- lost respect
for -his cfWigatlon, eviden-Uy went out
and reported what Elmer had- eaid.
This w*as tlie -chance which tho authorities had been waiting for. Elmer
was arrested -and taken io Vernon
tiaol as ai. alien enemy, where he has
been interned ever since-. The mine
workers have taken -the matter up
with tlie Department of Militia, wflilch
has replied that it sees no reason to
advise the release of Elmer, ibut that
one of tho officials of the department
is coming west sometime and- will look
further into the matter then. Meanwhile tihe executive committee of the
B. C, Federation of Labor, acting under tlie instructions of the convention
of last -week, -will - make representations to tbe government wi*h a view
-to securing the release of Elmer. This
is due to Elmer from the.Federation- in
view of the fact that he waa express-
the ' international an-Mimllibarlst
AMSTBIJIUM, Jan. 2J.--V dispatch
fion> Berlin states that the collieries
l:i tl.e southern .province;* of Belgium,
which yielded 80,000 tons of ooal monthly before the war, are new being
operated again and are yielding ;!2,'.-00
tons a month.
D. Philliips will spealt in the Socialist -HaU next Sunday at 8 pjm. Subject: '^Reveries of a ltebel."
At the conclusion a special business
meeting will be held to discuss ways
and means re a social.
Pleads Debilitation and Deafness-
Sent to Jail   -
' ■'.   vlew^ endorfedl by' the" *Fede'ra.tlon I -Merited en-cofe), -MeMrtT-'J. Puckey/ (aa
since ita foundation.    v" "■ TTsr„„wn-..««»rt-*rsSJ?Rle™
■ Thene seems no reason other than
I)     the, general one that he is, of German
birth why.he ahould be detuned.   No
Monday night last was gala night
jt the "Moose" Lodge when a social
evening was given by the members]
and their friends. The ladiee were
present In goodly numbers, while several young calves were observed o-f
ages ranging from months to  teens.
From start to finish the affair was
a success and -tha chairman, in the
course of his remarks, called attention to the remarkable success of the
order. From his remarks It would appear that the "Moose" h-^ve distributed
about one thousand dollars in sick relief and special benefits, And, in spite
of ihe hard times, there had been a
substantial increase in the-funds. The
order is about eighteen months old,
has been distributing benefits .for the
last twelve months and is one of the
strongest lodges in town both from
ti financial and membership point.
Occasion was also taken- to congratulate .Brothers Thos. Uphill-and Ed.
Brooks for the record they had- .made
at the late civic election, and "Billy"
Mills (of the King's Hotel) was chaffed for ever questioning his wife's ability as a sandwich-maker.
Among the artistes who contributed
to the (program were: .Mrs. Percy, Mies
Florence 'Baker (who secured a well-
The iiitircy of imprisonment was
pleaded for in police court yesterday
-by Frank Vieter, age r>3, a former soldier in the United States army. He
wild he served 14 yeara and Jiad been
credited with 18 because four years
of his service had been in foreign
countries. Debilitated- and deaf, lie
could be of little service to civilians
.md starved about half the time because of his incompetence, he said.
He was given -a sentence of IB days
on a. charge of vagrancy ending an effort to obtain his admittance to a soldiers' home—Spokesman Review.
("Your country needs you NOW!"
is being, constantly reiterated in the
newspapers of both this and -the Old
Land, As a sample of the. reward
after years of service the foregoing
should be educative. Here is an instance of one who responded and' after
serving fourteen years, four of which
were on foreign service, he is so debilitated that as a labor package he is
regarded as "damaged goods." Pro-
ha.bly during his 15 days Interment at
the country's expense he will have
ample opportunity for silent meditation and. may be philosophic enough to
consider that "virtue is its own reward," and that others may regard his
experience as one that may point a
moral or adorn a tale.)
On Thursday forenoon of the 21st
ult., a sod. accident, occurred- at the
Jasyar-Park Mines whereby John Reid
met h-ls death by a cave of rock in his
working place. Deceased was vory
popular amongst aii sections of ihe
community and greatly esteemed by
all who knew hltn. He was the captain of the local football team (winners of the Burdett Cup). He came
to Lethbddge from ltosewell, .Midlothian, Scotland, in 1912, and to Pocahontas two years ago. liis parents
reside lu Rose well, where he will be
widely mourned. He was .married
last year And leaves a wife and baby
boy to mourn, their loss.
In loving memory of Joseph Wake-
more, son of Mr. and Mis. Joseph
ttlakemore, who was.lulled by the M.
l«\ and M. train on Feb. 7th, 1911.
Four years have gorje, and still we
miss him,
Never will his memory fade,
Oft our thoughts still, linger
To the place where^he is laid.
Forget him we never will.
We loved him here
We love him still.
From die Family.
(.Meeting of Veterans is called tor
Sunday, Feb. 7th, at 7 p.m., in the'
basement of English Church. Full
attendance requested. Important business.
specific <toarge of. jrttenteUafti to\ dds
tutde noyou* frWi 1otaiBr'th4''<iinaT>
dlan -contingejits. or anything definite
Uke -tlint Itiiald against him, and he
should1 ba.given hta liberty at -least
under the guarantee of the officers of
the mine workera.
funnjuuTever) Tom^SlggB, J. Quinney.
Robt .Billsborough, and the Guzzi brothers, who with the assistance of another -muslojan-, formed, an orchestra
and -played dance music until the early
,to«r«^|ii^-n»nrfng. , ,. - *.;
The opinion of all was that the
"Moose" know how to manage a beneficiary order and run a social, and the
desire was expressed that the brothers
will hold another and hold It soon.
er -Meeting. Thursday, 7.45 p.Tn„
Thoughtful Workers. -W, J. MacQuar-
rie, B.A
Georgetown Local held their regular
meeting on Sunday. After the usual
business had been transacted, President Phillips, wns called u-pon and addressed- the -meeting, j The members!
fully appreciated the Address and the
able way in which It,was handled.
President Phillips w^s called to this
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,- In reply to the com nm ni-
-i'iii in last weed's Ledger, re The
Hospital in Coalhurst, first I will deal
with the matter of myself opposing several limes the scheme of a hospital
lure on t!:e grounds thnt w-e could uoi
rai-M* the money. One who does not
Itnow wtuld gather that a hospital
here had been proposed many times at
ihj.j union meetings, aud that I was
the means of seme scheme not going
through. I think my opponent is
somewhat off his bearings. Anyway,
if 1 am mistaken nbout this ihe records of tho union since its formation are all on 'hand and could easily
settle this point. If be can find any
reference at all to a hospital in Coal-
iiurst lt will be a surprise to me, and
it surely would be there if any such
business had ever been brought up.
His next statement is the the one
ji which he calls -my attention to is
with reference to my saying the men
were all of the same opinion as myself. Where does he find this in my
remarks? I said there was not a single complaint .made by the S00 members against the present arrangement.
1 mean by this no opposition was raised at the Union meetings. Of course,
t am aware the place where opinions
are more freely expressed is at the pit.
But "Union Man" knows that this ts
not tbe proper place, although ke
says it Is the best place. Union -meetings are held every week, and it is expected that the members should bring
Remedial Legislation
Urged For Workers
The Executive of the U. C. Federu-1 a-jnornial, the government in fiuanr-
tion met in Victoria on Thursday thej ing relief work had advised the. muni-
liStli  ult,  when  President   Watchman j fipaHti-h'S to spread' it over- as wide an
announced that he had iirntnged  Soc
the ixecutive to meei the (iovvrninent
on Friday at noon.   Tiie different mai-j
ters  referred   to  the  executive   wero I
then dealt witli, and the following nia:-1
area as possible.     To give as many as
pn^Ible ii little, as lu- did not consider
tint relief work could be leaked upon
as ordlunr.i   uudemkiiigA.
The inspection of electrical construe-
ters were take,, up with the govern-i tioil ;iIHi a„par:ilIW W:ts lata>„        bv
a,t"l1°? T   ?'•-        v i Vice-Pivsidem   ,*,„„   ,::o   Ln .art
M.nc,   K,,'u,.,t:on   Act.   amendment! tlm  hiR!l   rat„   of  mom!l
.nikmg p,W:„ou  tor tho election of j^ctrical workers,     The l-iemier «.d
all mire inspectors by  .1,,- miners ;n 1 tl,u they h u) !3lej| „„
tiie locality In which tln-y performed. inspector,  and   that   unin.v    impro-ve-
the;r duties.     To nho amend section j ments had been mad
of act, relaMng to gas committees, ro
Sunday, Feb. 7, 1D15.—11 aim., "Ancient Criticism and Its Application' to
Modern Conditions"; 7.30 -p.m., "The
Second Mile"; 2.30 p.m., Sunday
„   ,.   . , .,     .      ., , ,up their grievances there.   Surely he
camp to take up a dispute which arose   .       ,.,.,., ,v,    »
v. t .,_ "x , , ,.     doesn't hold me responsible for sucn
between the management here and the
miners in connection with the dockage
system. ' The management are dock
ing 75 lbs. from each ,-^pr of coal and!
conferences at the pit head? Do I
remember the time I refused to visit
n slek brother in Diamond City? Cer
Parker Williams
Scores Attorney-Gen.
Thursday laat J. Place, of -Nanaimo,
supplemented the remarks of hit col-
league Parker Williams on the mis*
doings of the Dominion Trust Co., and
the rolattow! -of ntmie of the members
of the «o»enMhbtit with that now notorious Institution, In a most scathing fashion. He stated) thait the promise made to a delegation, of which
he waa a member, iby the Premier that
he woald make a, definite sta-tetaont
before the House regarding the Dom*
in Ion Trust, had not been fulfilled.
»peaMne ni the reported observa
tiona of tht Attorney General thai he
had taken tha courts he did In order
to avert tlie poaeibillty of panic which
mlRht have resulted had he Mopped
tho ItonUnion Truat from receiving
ilt,w»ito, Ut Place stated that tbla aaa
very different to the courae pursued
when a panic (!) waa threatened over
a year ago. Ai tint time the mllltla
waa daapatohed to the acene without
Opposed te Mllltaritm
After touching upon ft number
of incident* in whioh tht Dominion
Trust wero affected, tho epaakar thoa
defended hit oourte In tbe House In
nl wars opposing rotea to tht mllltla
or encooratement of military meaaur-
es, and declared tbat the Matement
thnt the Allies In the preaent war were
fiieiitiuK for Hbeity and frodom to he
•just a mo-ral itmn to lay before the
people who wer« depended upon to do
thn fighting."
There could he no such thing as
freedom nnd liberty In tbt world at
tmt at th* twnHallet ehtas controlled
the machinery of production,  liberty |
The postponed annual meeting- of
€"Knox' ChiTrSK '^flf WieiiTf^&'S
church ibasemont on Tuesday evening
at 7.30 o'clock. > A large attendance ls
desired. The ladies will serve refresh*
ments at the^ close of the business
The regular monthly tea of the Lad-
lea' Guild of Christ Church will be
held nt the home of Mrs. Reading on
Wednesday, February 10. nt 3.30 p.m.
waa certain that "tne one rea4 and
true fight of the wage-earner will not
be settled by this war." A lot of hypocrisy, had been shown about tbe
violation of Belgium. He was sure
that other nations in other wart had
similarly violated territory without
any outburst ot indignation.
The violation of Belgium was not a
crime calling tor Intervention by
Great Britain—simply an excuse. He
wanted the legislature to place Itself
on record, when terms of peace came
to be discussed, aa agalnat any annexa*
tion of territory, no matter what
strong agitation there might be for
that course to be taken. He deeplsed
Russia for having tlie most tyrannous
government In the world.
Tlie following donations have been
Mrs. Lancaster—-2 pair sox
Mrs. Saundem~-2 pair sox.
Mrs. McKenrfe—1 pair sox,
Mrs. Williams—l pair sox.
Mrs. Wright-*1 pair tox.
Mrs. Mills—1 pair sox.
A Friend—1 belt
Miss Rahal—l pair wristleta.
-Mlsa Dobaon—t belt.
A Frlend—l imlr wristlets and 1
Mrs. Roblcbaud—it pair wristlets.
A Friend of Tommy—I belt and 1
pair tox.
In reply to tbe question asked by J.
Place, Nanaimo, what disposition bid
been made of the 160,000 for immigration voted In 1014, the Mlnlater of
Finance, Price Kllleoii, stated that f 20,.
019.10 had already been spent, and
15,027.88 more was chargeable against
this allowance.
The principal ttwi* paid out are:
(Mnt to Salvation Army... 11,1M.«7
Moving Picture expenses ..    1,177.98
Victor!* GokNtftt, printing..    3jlS.H0
Advertising and publicity..     1,01.7s
Rent..  ,       MW.60
And of the 15.027.68 due and
unpaid, tht principal Item
is: HulvaMo-n Army -Urant
faonrotlmatehr)       4.6*7.(3
TARFJl, Alta., Feb. I.—As a result
of the vifit of Chief Mine Inspector
Sterling of the provincial government,
laat week, the government have definitely decided to furnish relief to the
miner* nnd their families of Taber and
dittrict, to the extent of a certain
amount each month.
Mr. Sterling visited Taber on Priday and held a conference with the relief committee recardlng local conditiona. lie expretaed himself aa entirely mtlafled that th* situation wat j at her birthday party.
the Georgetown Collieries and this
Local. The cars of ceal here weigh
on an average about"!900 .lba. Mr.
Waynes, general, manager here, left
town this morning :M^re, President
'JPfiTlTl'ps'iiad 'time to interview him.
However, President Phillips will report the result of his efforts to obtain
an adjustment.
Uro. Max Hutter has been elected by
acclamation to attend the District Convention at Lethbridge.
Uro. T. Humphreys hnd a narrow
escape last week when a rock fell
from the roof and rolled upon his leg.
It took five men to remove the rock.
The brother is now In Canmore Hospital suffering from severe bruises,
but la progressing favorably. We
hope to see you around again soon,
Uro. Wm, Collins of this camp received news this week that his brother
had been killed at the -front.
Coasting on Uie hill seems to be the
favorite -pastime those daya,
Mrs, Harry Alexander, wife of our
head engineer here, bHd her ankle
badly isprilntd tbrou«ii falling off a
sleigh while travelling down bill at a
apeed not conducive to safety. We
are -pleated to say tliat she it progressing favorably, although not able to
walk yet.
Mr. and Mrs, Jim Somioervllle entertained a large number of friends at
a Burnt' supper and dance on the
night of the 5th,    Air. Wm. IJevoy In
his opening speech addressed the bat,
Kb, and afterwards gave Hunt* popu-j
tar grace.   Then we all attacked the
fuKiiin*     Afttt enjoying   a   e^leudidj
•upper, dancing* waa indulged In and
ki'jit up till tbe wee sma' 'oort. when
the -company broke up atter Joining
hands and tinging "Auld Lang flyne."
Hraryone present voted it the best
night yet "pent In Georgetown.   "Una
may yer lum' reek »»' ttet pat bil«»."
Come again. Jim.
On Wedn-etday night Mra. Aattanrt
entertained a large number of frifiid»
I.at Ina, danc-
read, "CoaijienteiH .person or persons"
instead of "one or two of their number."
Section t>.",. That the mine inspectors --.".ill b.i elected by :he nvineiwork-
ers and provision made for payment of
their remuneration by the government.
Sect-ion  10.   To. amend as follows::
"The mine operator cr owner shall
cngiige a sufficient number of miners*
Wiho shall constitute a corps duly qualified to apply first aid to any injured
person, and lu order to facilitate work
of said corps, aimbulance boxes containing all necessary appliances shall
he placed within the immediate, vicinity of all working places
Truck Act. Amendment to Truck
Act re men being compelled to live in
company houses and to purchase
goods ai company stores.
Registration anJ examination of
plumbers and sanitary inspection and
enforcement of sanitary conditions.
iMasters and Servants' Act To amend this act to provide that where
thirty or more men wish to pay a certain doctor, Baid Doctor's money shall
be deducted, at -companies1 office.
Re employment   of   Caucasian Wo-
order. I had good reasons for such
objection, which possibly "Union 'Man"
remeuubers. I guess-1 am right when
I state that I have visited more sick
brothers down there than any other official of**h*n nirftmflnti^ng^'ii^icoim*
mittees.. I believe In using all brothers alike in this respect. He suggests
to me that a plan similar to the one
adopted to provide two lamps for the
Miners' Hall be started. Let ua just
make a review of tbe history of this
plan. -Meeting January 10th, 1015:
Moved and seconded that a concert be
j got up the proceeds to be used in the
purchasing of two lamps for -the Miners' Hall—Carried. Committee of
three appointed. Meeting, January
24th: Report of concert committee received and open for discussion. Motion to postpone concert Indefinitely
owing to hard timet was seconded.
Amendment to postpone for one year
was duly seconded. On being put the
amendment carried. Don't jauirh, read*
ers, this is correct. Is this tbe plan
you recommend? How many more of
our dear brothers do you expect to get
frozen to death on tho lonn trail be
fort; thit plan will change the preaent!
However, •eelng that thit contro
veray originated from my remarks in
December 19th, Issue of the Ledger,
said remarks dealing with organisation and its ben-Dflta, 1 would recommend and am In favor of a special
niwtliiit being called, either a union
meeting or a mass meeting o{M»n to
A., mA Vim li-i-*,JiU; 4uu»!lo,u lo be tit**
only topic for the meeting. I am
' h-wirilly In favor ef Joining hands with
tbe brother who raited the -question,
and doing all I can to forward any
sound proposition that will finally be
tb* mean* of adding another awt to
our village In the shape of a cottage
Again thanking sou, Mr. Wltor. for
I am, Sir,
y.»,u*A vt»ry trul--,
■ 'Am;, L».Ji  -t'tt>», I ..ti.W.A.
,    tfonlhan:, Alta.
To provide for the proper Inspection of all winches, derricks and genr
in all places whero longshoremen are
The enforcement of minimum wa*e
-of 'three^-doH1l«ri5 on^Bil^reMef ^worltf
carried on by municipalities and cities
with money  provided, or loaned by
A law to cover the Inspection of a-1
construction, installation and maintenance of all electrical work, such as
power stations, pole lines, etc
lie printing of text book*, etc., in
Government printing plant, aud desire for extension of this work being
dono by government.
Municipal Clauses Act. To amend
act to provide for the giving of cities
and municipalities the power to regulate the closing of barber shops on legal holidays and to regulate the hours
of opening and closing.
To amend act to provide for cities
and munieipaliti-fts to Invest their sinking funds In short time debentures of
th*tr own.
Factories Act. To briiw all ftctorlna
under the act, Irrespective of the number of employees.
The protection of the workers'under
proposed moratorium.
Workmen's Compensation Art.
!»ncmiployf'd Problem.
Vice-Presidents Carter and tiuthrle
dealt with the Mines Regulation Act,
alto Vice-President (iraham, of Dist.
Dunn *ciid that tin* work of the in-
.-pectors was satisfactory, but stated
th:U they should have an act to guide
them on definite lines.
Viceil'resident McVety Uu-u dealt
with the printing of text books, etc.,
and the. Factories Act. instancing in
the latter that many accidents were
liable- to occur in -smnll factories, and
thai owing to hard times many- factories that had -been under this act,
would by .tiie reduction of staff, be exempt from the act. The Premier promised .to refer the matter re text books
io tlie -Minister of Kducatlon. who was
not present, and the Artorney4Jene,ral
said that thej were considering suggestions from the factory inspector,
and the suggestion re small factories
would also be considered.
Sec.-Treas. Wells and Vice-President
YateS dealt with the amendments to
the Municipal Clauses Act, the one
referring to the closing of .barber shops
was favorably received', but the Premier did not hold out hopes for the
one dealing, with finance, but promised consideration.
Vice-President  McVety   dealt   with
the workmen's Com pen sat ion Act, and
Mid thfli-WAJ^jMapgJ^syjc^&o-sa-thfr-
Royal  Commissions'  report,  but   it
seemed that there was not much done
as yet, and asked when copies of the
aet could too secured. The Premier
replied tliat he bad iiromised President
Watcbouan copies wtoen , tbeyi, -were
ready, and tbo promise would be carried out.
President Watchman dealt with th-e
proposed moratorium aud asked if it
would only deal with realty, and asked
for full protection of the workers. Ho
also dealt with the unemployment Hit-
nation, and asked what the government had to propose, pointing out that
he had made suggestions but that they
hfld not been adopted. Tho executive
wore anxious to know If tbe government had ony schemes. The Premier
replied that they were doing all they
could to relieve tho situation, and
that the matter was n very difficult
one to handle The proposed moratorium was not ready, but that It
would Ami with realty, nnd-pointed out
tliat It bad been said tbat the proposed
measure would affect the credit of
tbe province, but that he eould not net*
any othor remedy or protection for
the men who owned tbelr horn-mi
against unsrrupliious men.
1 The deputation were then promised
! that th<' mottfrn submitted would re
1 ceive the conaideratlon ot the govern
nmil, Tbe BM-itrbers of th« Ooveim-
niHit present were Hon. Price, Hiiltsoii
and Hon, VV. It. Ito**, in addition to
18, IUI.W. of A„ and pointed out that 1 tlm PmmW and th«* Attorn-eyJfJeneral.
serlftiM, and d**«wiiidlnt )h« Immedtatw' Ing »**1 »'nf.fnir '»-=r-- 'h»- rtr t-'T **t *.ht
attention of the govenimem   At a re. (''venlwr, all prwmnt th-wwgMy enjoy
suit of his inti ttlgatlon ba presented j ing themtehet.    Mrs. Aahtrtta prov-j -—-  •———-
strong recommemkitioM to the gov* fed herself to be an Ideal hoatet*. W*' can ADA'S UNtMPLOVEO
eminent.                                             jhope to tee many mor* ot ytmr Wrth- - MAV CO TO BRITAIN
The amounts al»*n by the tovern* t day parti***, Mm A., it waa awwll. — --.**
meat wlii bt dlstrHmted hy mean* ot.   The mine wa* Wiw on Friday, Jan.j OTTAWA. Veh, l.~-Tb« gov.fnm.tit
n-ntt***   tt**    ■n*>t*t*1rtt*tttt     nm*    *M-ll    *,*■*, ' tt*   *-*t  ■**'■• ■ i*   ■■  '        '      ■'
the matter* referred to the govern-J
m-f'iv   'I.'-*-r*?  r,-y.   :,ti\   u:.va. -4-ml   i-Uatj
the government bad on many oeraa-l
ion-* b-wi r«H)|iii'»t*»d to tube tbt**** m:»t*
ters up, and therefore it warn oot ne!
cesaary to go Into details, j
Th*- Pmmkf i»aM th«- *!over»mcr;t
wf-rt* r-onnldorlng the roatt»>r» rotating'
to tho ad, but ner* not in a position!
to say that tbey would bn dealt with at
tbl» iK-stion; also tba? th«»j bod bad no
cufiiplitliil* iiboui an* of Ili«i iiilii-H in-
sp-H-tAM, but th* twnwnmfw  wwild
iotmldw tbr m«ti»*r« r-pfwmt in
I    Vi^-Prealdetit Vat«*t dwilt with the
Tnnt,   Aft  and  lfi*tan<*<cl i-nn'ltthiiim
i«^K«lnlnc*at Prawr Mill*, »!iir» It wit*
- »tnj»o*-«ibl«* tin kf*t tht' M", --nforr-H. At
Other nutters rufern-d lo the eta-
tlii, it     a, ult,   I'M   -fllli)    ifalMMMt, t tll»
was lift over to Monday after thc
Mr-M't railway nn:», *fid l-Mffit** power
and ^lwirl<-nl imn'* advisory board
bad nw»t. when tbe exwative will m
y;n rati- a ith lit-* bo<ini,
Antloihilitarisi cluftuion wm Uttt to
entlr* »'XHrutlw, wh to do wtmt h«
con»ld< r-t'd b-wit suited to his dittrict,
Onraniiinit -nf tlnib**? workera waa
left in the handt of Ue«.-Ti»aaur»r t«
cumnnunli*)*- *Ul» Timber VVork*»r» le-
Aitivlty nt Trade* -CimwoU* on un
i>llt***ti**i"l ,("»i»* for-  *n h.* '-*llf •'•t; -%t 'I ,"\\
th*' <Utfi>r*iti '-entr-a! tyvttm
Ut* ii.i.iiiiuiMHi to twttls ta to psrt
'■onty4l*nttnl Hotter n-U.m^ to lU,-iHim to.A- „„ w, ,„ (h# fcl|(|d- ^
i.u <tti*r a,.i^ r,titu.M-ti t\
,!***.* »**   *,   i
In tddKfcm to tha above w» find the*}handled hv tbe loesl r*tl*t i-ivwmi»t»»l'n rme*a*tte ** rt,**t^nrr.    i,^ -«,,..,» t|,
and liwadMNt w-we merely iMteleta 1 loiiowtni to tbo "Puhlie Accoantw':
words aa far at the worfctaf -daaaj   Vote No. til, 159,000, thowt detailt
Ho daftndwl tht position of hlmteM
aad Mt ioclallat oell-Mgu* ta oppoelna
tw wttnoimywt*w% wt miviaii wmwt wn
! of %ltf,Wtl£t expended, of whW o»cr
131,000 baa been paid out to the following:
in awo-rdsnee with the exprettH wish \ fimtt of fhem e**t*t*r*ti at «he b*r a«' -irilnans aa-i «l< r   1   ,1, ,,-,--     ,.' *
' ""j'truMus m,i nn,).**} .ttbtiit it* mn milium i-wumattii? «te|«.»*i|ed
t* w* **  **t
Art, tiH-1 tht-
H^ifUtrttiojii   si:.i*-!    - jn:*tt.ft4tl.>n    «;'
plttmbent »n<l waniritrv ln*«*^*»i«*» •»■•»■•
******!   t*.t>i*t».t:MU-\a**mU   *»lti*   toy   Viee-fretMent   Ihiiin.;
»»u  ^i*.»4i.;,a  nil   U, tV     the  l>«-rti ,1  <,'.
Vi-i *--l,r*i*«»»!#.fti   Me^Vf-r
w»h-«"j»i iinrntiiu*)^. *»« -Compensiu'-flri
A*-»  *** otnioiiitM aa follows'  Vir-e-
t*.'     ■•!.■■ t,    ,t    , *■    •      .
Vn»*« i«».i a,*.,
H** I'.itt't:,m
■T*t*'**    Wf.'M*
\i»t, referr»»d in
the O. N. P. % tm tht around that It
was only foreigners who would tint np
with tht poor aeeommodstlon nntl aald
be UimweW would have Jolaed tha I. W.
\v. if he had woiktd on that railway.
Atrttttftt taa-jatrattd
Twntaff again to tie mattar of tkt
t*M, liut uitUiUu* fut' N'iu-Ouw nnSU Um
pretent ttmftla had all Um aaraarka
of' imoartallem. Tlw eaate lor tbe
wnr 'WW 'not rovaarow In mo ttWlo
ptpert wlrtcn had oaen fgNMMt hy tlw
BrJUi* imnuMt. .Tba atrodtiet
ctiwpKl ,to tic Qcrmuia twi tw*tt
greatly ttmbtmtttnt. * * to .tttttttt tb
the woriitr't poaltlon In thia war, ha
Salvation Army gnttita, ate.
la aid of lmmlfTttloB....| 14.«S2M
Ctolonltt PuHHshlngCo. .... t$i%M
flooktett: At raker tiros .. f>,im.K7
PubUclty Dtpt.. Vsacouftr    M«*.«0
Firstly tha fuodt art obtatned lor
the purpoae of Ivrinntan out Uvu^l-
gniata.    Tbey  caaw eat.    Shortly
UkU'n*;*^,'   lUAIiy   of   -UtMtU b-MftHIM.  re-
cnilta ta tha army of tha waaaaployed;
then those w-aaawtlMe lor the nradin-
mm thay find thMRtatvwf m tolfclt
[nrba-eriptlo-na from tha geneml pobile
to r»li«vt the' dlstreated aaaa. This
[tt J. »iUl4kk, UutkRU pt'iUMtbUtkMi tut
what way bt rightly naaMd a tridaat
of the government offtdtla. ' ! well at at the barrack*. i#»f employment Ip I'mn..*** im-sy bar***»m:*t-,?; 'jit;*.,y.o„.    T:.,» ;i.a;:«j *,**.
At a ■aatlag -of tie raWtf aowMatttaw     Mr. IWrbwilt.   th*  mm   managerisa opportantt.v of totm to Rutland. ? promised i:(in«tdt-nt!*u;t.
on Monday, 8tmp»oa • Utaderton, a} here, arrived hae*in eaaip Priday laat j whet-* the demand for with rUta nf!    vj-'-Pri-^U-ta «taJ,s,,ww *y-**,i-  -*.*'■
♦ miner, who tm beet, mtttblt* to wn*w ****** * tart* Hi*-, *«<'-- «- f '•*■ -:  yy,^ -M ^ : ^ ^ ^^   ,v i>-# <m%mtimt Mm mm **r**nx*- Ar- inaranc
at Month WVHfivrto-n
Mftaio   Impotltnt  »»d«*trie«*  which (aim near *r««iti«.r!i»n.f fn t!i*- hunt*..
will have hit office .!»  tht council j and Mrs. Jim Wardrap, taking pmt*t jfeavn been rompellcd to larrwMw* their * e»m(»s      Th-» Premter firi'tmSM-**! cm
chamber, his hours being tram 10 to J tion of tbe kmm.   After NUm cer
4 each week day.    11* will take over j Mtn arttrtea of furni'tre ootalde. to
<»•»   |»r**t|i*-r * »t#'?»t #fid Kevr*tnty:-Tt**mtm.
-m-iner, wbo bit, beet? ntiflWe tn rn-frnm ■» tanr* ttit-t- ,-.,..„,.>*.. ...  ,   .
for three year., wa. appointed Mint |   A  «r^.  party  of  >,  1^.1.^,^3^ i'^SmiS* 1S|S STSLS1'
officer tt t ttltry of tt * a month, and; swooped down on th« haw* off Mr
hit duties today.
,\>»itimji»i»o» law* referwd to iW-e-
■■ B.i let to ron great.
'ir**. au*] S^-retary-TrattMret.
Ta eAmmnnltate  to  the  ftann»»Sirt*
' Tr*-!«» t\it»«rre«« »4ib}c< t matter ot r**
tboy proeeded)
A   afwa*   tlmelm -mi-It
Owe* •WMWHI^WW'       WBHWrWI
t+VbiVmi. & I* »*iM*fc«>c«iifc Wm^i. |# fwif^i
wm^mtt^F * 'mt^t^wtm^t^mm *• ta-imtmy^^m*^^*   •^m,
what* tor ttHimry In My.
ras-Btefty *tr-ee the be#»a!»g of thejsid^ratio;.. ;    Tlie eteewive were fn seaaloo frimi
war find a difflcttlty ta fladtef •killm     Viee-PretiiVat   Mr Vet j   dealt   *it!^Thwr»4«y to Prtdav *t«nttm ta*l a m**
tttbor.     I» NVarentife, tor teatnrt**. fr''fi.*- .■r».*-'n,*>-n--*-' .1' ■*'■'•■   -t  m u ' , 'u.  <*.*» ,.*i..|.i.Hi nui fut.mt m- bt-u*!
k, ii*..-n tnings up *iih dtnt-tfig. **a«-n» *a4d» tblpteiildlBi ytrdt tl* mmteffi Atiatlca, tad  »-ferred te t%e maay J ffrfot fo !b# mmfimml.     Karh i-u<-
U'  ' "     *"""" " "'"       "*  "     *    «|«nH!%'    «^-»*«    *t    V*«    V*/f * ,»,-. ;■   -     ■■* ;* U;..   »;,;„   ...   ,»,. ..*»^*...-i ,itr«,«M<  ID  PD<I«   r!,B4(»ll**,  ^ ,    ■).
foimd nwefctsry V.i tale tueti frow tbe Ationt^-Hftuatnl  ihtm-mn *tm%*4 ttet]Iff dHttrtrt *mb mmib aad Uw» far.
«n»l mlnet. will* tt other potat* • tb* ttoor*m* CVin nt nkthett-bewun \ Tf»t*t?*r  t*-* *ttd  \-m-m**-'*»&t'<m* *
atmiiet temAitum pptttHt. had b**n a»*e»d fw »h-*» enf<wr*menf (wxoml* of tb* reports mthmittr-.- ,»«*»
. «*—,«,,—-.,**.... nf the tttalt Aet
Thew ta m rwmm rmrtmm-. .nMtanctjatid j«w»5ted HaxKrmmt, H
nm tmetollj' nunm»**4, thus* *b* n     Ttt*. t-etormifn'-   >)'   -'..    IflwUi*4u*^-■*»*»■»• t«f <tv«t*nmitttm
X wm Mwma lha eld tlw» mm*** mm* wm* taken mt* by vtc^rraajdaaitl. . — *••——_—...„
wmtmrttmbm.'orimtl-mfbrtoiHtltleh- IWrnvlnt.    The Premier tuted that la!    The map <*f Kurope  |» betm  *»
tl tbowt the lith laai. iim** m* fk* -jmreaent. whk*  wer* ttmwn *Hh tkt blwi nt h«m»n iwiaaa.
Imi tnd iwrttatton*
am* -»(»ent  and th*  mo'* ditperaiMI
about 3 aj*   Jim awenra vwagttae*.
Good luck f.o yaw, Jim, w-ell *'*13 *gaic.
Two of the horn ***** bent on* tak-
vmUXttttm, Maw ZwOand, via flag In tha aUAt* of Utatt la* PMdtr.
i -~.\e» lealtad haa ar-; Tbm left* tmmp  tarty nmogb,  bat
mm tram     what bappw»*d,|
heya. tttt -tbm Cmmoro Ilete-t ten fn
rwtr way and trip you up?
* - ,..--,-.    ...- ... , 9gmvt9mt9 *t*   ttm*   ww^mtrum mtw^ttftif"*"?    ,»!***
rt av <b* Prtf-r r,<ww*!i,|fr» fwpply auy iafM-matioa th** atn«M
tm,xiSfT-»tlfm, j be of falafewt to tae lortlt to the- ttt*. PAGE TWO
Today and Tomorrow -
Cure For Militarism . .
By Walter Lippmann
He had an infinitely dull job, without glory and- without romnan'ce. He
was thwarted by peace -and any risk
would have .'been preferable to this
paint-tag of ftiitille shells and ipolls-hing
of a gun ininxed at nothing. Even to
the townspeople he yas little -more
tban a govem-meut caretaker who had
ceased to be interesting except to rare
visitors like ourselves. 1 -sup-pose
now that war is -loose in the .world- he
has acquired a new prestige, but in
:!:e -lazy days of June he was a bored
h-bit ion lfg.sl-.uure had decreed. N'o i man dreaming of impossible con-
one wlio had the energy to go else-1 Quests, ye-arailn-g for impossible oppor-
wlure would conceivably have stayed, j Utilities-and making up for the inslgni-
li the rocking-chairs en Uie hotel ■ileawee -of his authority by the pro-
y.lii/.r.A were three summer-guests whojfenity with which he asserted-it.
had exhausted croquet and fa'ch other.' j think of him when -people talk
There they sat. literally, all dressed i about-militarism in the Vnited Suites,
up, with no place to go.
When  riie  hotel  proprietor learned
th'it my frit n.i and I were from New
rn a little .Maine village where the
mosquitoes bite 1 once saw something
of militarism'. It w-as a -hole of a
town -for which even the inhabitants
displayed their contempt by abandoning rubbish wherever it happened- to
fall. The dr-sohtling yellow and gray
pain: of the wooden houses had peeled
off in great -flakes, and -most of the
people you met looked redder than
nature had in.-en-ed, or than the pro-
Thelr fear of multiplying him is based
on a sound Instinct, in time of peace
he wastes his life in unproductive
York, he assumed that we had come! work, and his demoralizing under-am-
xo see the sight*. We were -usable to ■ jiloy.nxot breeds dreams of eonq-ues:.
••invey -to him the fart that his -un-1 If you add to the humble men like him
happy hotel was nothing -but an in-
c'.deTit on a fl-ne walking trip. He
iiii!.-:":l tliat the pride of the town
was the new fort on the hill, wliich
had cost the government 1 forget how
many million dol-1-ars. We were bullied by him Into climbing up tlie hill to
ilit- fcrt, and found jt in -the posses-
s'o:i of one Cermuu surges ut an-d his
lrii-'.i assistant. The sergeant growled
sit u* and saiid we must not go near
the gun; he cursed the hotel man on
principle for sending us to interfere
wish his work, but when we offered
to with-raw, he refused to let go of
the conversation. He was really glad
to sse us, for it was obviously lonely
in that font on the hill, and he was
rather proud of his gun. When we
broke in on him he bad what I believe was a six-inch shell in Ms afm,
and all around him stood ether shells.
Uv was painting yellow and red and
blue stripes around them with a2V the
' ivy intensity that a bored man puts
Into drawing diagrams on -scrap paipar.
There was ho relaxation of discipline
even though they were only two people in a concrete cellar on a hill.
I  wondered what the mau thought
a grrat ma-ss of officers who s;>end- so
much of their energy over war games,
you do undoubtedly create in tne
country a highly organized vested interest which would press and press
■upon the government, and In time of
crisis might give just the fiLllip heeded
to precipitate war. There is fairly
S-'ood reason for supposing that the action at Vera Cruz las-t spring was forced upon,the President -by a naval officer at Tanipico„ who made demands
upon Huerba and .committed the government in such a way that Wilson
could not refuse to support the demands without demoralii'.ing the discipline of the navy.
Add to all (this the fact that miii-1
tary -life Is a -poor sohool for -democracy, that it seems so often to go
hand in hand with Jealousy of foreigners and contempt for different clvil-l-
zations, that it breeds so much arrogance and -so much impatience,- that
it is notoriously hostile to the labor
movement, to women in politics, to
•home rule for locaJlties, and ywu see
thot the case of the anti-ralUtanlst is
not as futile as military writers like
to -thlnik it is.      Apologists for the
" ne a as nuiiig nrerwr^wncon'
was aimed at, and how he regarded
the oh'lliaatlon be was trying to de-
tend. It seemed that Bryan occupied
him more than anything else, and
what be described as the blithering
noiii-inse of the A. IS. C, mediation with
the good chance missed of "cleanling
up Mexico." He assured us that until
Old Glory waved from the North to
t':i«i South Pole, , . . And then he
talked about women and drink with
what seemed more of anticipation than
of realization.
'nts—guU"j"ann.y—need wot—be-surprised—st~©u?
upon life which it betrays, is a very
good just'Ifioat'ion for our desire as
democraits to -keep the military man
tho-rciug-hly subordinated'. I eannot
say, of course, how representative this
officer is. I know simply that his
point of view supports our worst fears
and arouses our commonest prejudices
against -military power.
The first reaction is to cry, "Away
wit I; :t. We must-have no moro :o
do with 'militarism; Europe was aimed, tind there was a war; let's disarm
and there'll be no war; we must have
none of what Weils called, the 'drill-
ing, trampling foolery in the heart of
Hurope.'" -But is it possible to do
It is -possible ir tlie American pooplo
arc wvUinig to pay the price. The
price ia a discarding of the Monroe
Doctrine, the willingness to have Europe and'Asia establish military pow*-*
cr in this hemisphere, the admission
of AsipMc immigrants, and aiu abandonment of almost all our a-mbitlc-n to
pi-ay a leading part in the organization
of .the world's .peace. We .may not.
he in the slightest danger of invasion,
but if in an armed world we disarm,
or allow our armament to be enfeebled, we shall count less and less In- the
councils of the nations. Our ideas
of peace, our hope for -the sanctity of
treaties, our desire to see Internatiion-
al law more powerful, will have precious little influence if our own strength Is not great enough to command
respect. It is not a pretty doctrine, I
know, but the world is not yet a pretty
place, and those who are trusting to
the miracle, of a good example, of
j "moral influence," of a "great return-
| elation," are .mistaking their ow,n good
will for the policy of other nations.
Of course, if they are frankly ready to
repeal the exclusion laws, to allow
Kuropeah powers or Japan to become
great in this hemisphere, if they are
ready to see European protectorates
over Central or South America s-tates,
If they are willing to have European
diplomacy and struggle extend- to this
continent, if they are content to see
the Amerloan point of view ignored,
If they are prepared to trust to luck
will ^am-pede the country,, -will- create J ed by anon wbo (have none of Itihie vali^-
hysteria, ?nd -sweep things before able scruples of -democracy. For the
thein. The -way1 to fight militarism
in the United States is not to resist
military efficiency, 'but to deflate the
excitement aad steal the thunder by
unexcited .preparation. There is a
good chance tbat democratic sanity
wall prevail if only the iprofesisional
militarists aren't allowed' -to appear as
tbe only people who are not fooled
by- phrases,
Our line is to destroy their propaganda -by coming out for adequate
and ef-fMcent" preparation. The moment w,e are against that wie throw
t'he mhole mass to the militarist demagogue. His appeal is t-f> primitive
instinct, to fear and to panic, and we
s-h-all never get the best of him by trying to snuelch him. For you cannot
meet militarist unreason with patedflst
unreason.   You can meet It only by
showing that you have taken the sarnie
facts into co-nslde-ratlon, that you are
trusting to no magic and that -unterri-
fled, realistic democracy is not blind
to ithe problems of defense,
There is no reason why. the evils of
what we call .militarism must attach
thenvsel-ves to every form of adequate
defense.     Surely the way to have a
navy and an army which shall be democratic and peaceful, but prepared,
is not to ignore mi-litany -affairs, insist
that armament   be   inefficient^ and
turn what -there ls of it over to the
professional militarist.     So long as
genuine democrats try   to   treat tbe
whole subject as the handiwork of the
devil, .military problems will be liandl-
very reall evils of arrogance, cajste amd
idleness cam be -met in tor more effective ways than, by a dtenunciaitlon of
soldiers in general.    Soldiering • will
go on for the present, whether we play
the ostrioh or don't.     But -it-lis open
to us to civilize military .Ute,'in part,
perhaps, by making it less- of a profession, but in the main by keeping the
army busy in bL,se of peace, learning
not only the arts of war, but the arts
of peace.   The army can be used' more
and more for doing useful work, like
that of which,the Panama Oana-I is
.the supreme example.     Ih Alaska, in
the Mississippi Valley, -there aro Immense constructive tasks to be undertaken, and. -much glory to be worn.   It
is difficult to believe that an officer
who bad known what it meanlt to construct a-t Pana-ma would go about afterward with his head full of chil-dll-sh
dreams about wars.    We may,, I fchSlnk,
rest assured that the more, technical
work the army does the more It is
absorbed Into the labors of peace, the
less "mlHtarl8it" It will become.   The
well worn truth will work here, that
those who have never built are the
ones wbo find it easiest to destroy.—
The Metropolitan.
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U,MLW.A
No. 2314
Mset first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached!—T.
Uphill. Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
>teet, every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Ha^l.
Sick B-snefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633      )
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coloman.—J. Jojinstone, Sec,
No. 23§2
Meet every second, and fourth
Sunday of each month at 3 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Slek Benefit Society attached.—-T-hos. .G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Altai
It now develops that -patriotic English -capitalists wbo do not enlist have
been selling the nation shoes, made of
paper and shoddy clothing that rots
on the backs of Tommy Atkins. But
this is "business." So is war "business."
General Regulations Under
Sec* 138 ofthe Mines Act
No. 1387
Meet' every  Sunday,   Sick and
Accident  Benefit Society attached.—Michael. Warren, Sec,  Can-
nore. Alia.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Rick and Benefit Society attached.-r-Mack Stigler.
No. 949
Meet every sejsond and fourth
Sunday of each ftionth at JO a.m.
In School House, Burmis, No Sick
Society.—Thos, G. Harries. Sec,
Passburg, AHa.   *
civilian fears, so Tong as they talk of
a people -like t-he Mexicans as one officer dild1 to the Academy of Political
Science: "They seem to have only two
emotions above these necessary for
racial preservation—fear, ar.d the Joy
of destroying. Where the occasion
would seem to call for anger, joy, resentment, lKitrlcftlem, 'playfulness, or
bate, the average peon smashes windows, preferably those of plate-glass."
The Insufferable atupldi-ty of a re-
mark like tbat, and the whole outlook
aggression against us, then there ts
some sen-se in disarming before the
ether nations disarm.
As a matter of fact, there is not tho
i'!j'''ii'-fi (-n.mee of the American peo-
ple submitting to any of this. And 'f
it.eir only choice Is between a flre-'&t-
<ing militarism and pure non-resistance,
they will choose the militarism. QUt
Ju&t here Is where the practical Issue
becomes clear. If all the people who
are asainst militarism take van din-
compromising stand,   the   milltarista
EDM-0X-TON7 Wednesday, Nov. 11, i
In accordance with the provisions
of tlie Mines Act, 1913, His Honor the
Lieutenant Governor, by and with tbe
ad-vice of the Executive Council, has
been -pleased' to prescribe Rules for
the purpose of Section 138 of The
Mines Act with reference to making
additional Regulations in the interests
of safety for persons employed in or
about a mine, and that the Rules prescribed be those contained in the me-
moran-dumv copy' of which Is hereto
attached, the same to became effective
(d) These measurements shall be
made at least once every week by the
overman or bis assistant and a record
of each measurement along with a
record of -the" greatest number of men
employed In each distnict or split during the week -previous, to the date on
which such measurement was -made,
shall be forthwith entered in a book
wh.««b.i-,iall^e kept at the ro-lne for
that purpose, and signed -by tbe person
making the measure-men*.
7. The owner, agent or -manager ot
every mine shall cause a water gauge
to be provided and kept cous-t&htly in
No. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. In the Opera House.
Coleman.—,!. Mitchell. Kee. Box
105, Coleman.      ~~"~-       '"'
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in *i'o Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benoflt Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley,. Fin.
Sec, Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     Xo sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m, in
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. Ko Slek
Society.—Thou. Or. Harries,- See.
PiixRburg. Altn.
No. 574 ' »
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hail,-12th Ave.
nue North.—I* Moor*, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.90 P.m.
in the Socialist Hall, —James
Burke. Sec. Box »«, Bellevue.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, S p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec:   -
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in  the Club Hall.    Sick
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding Hoqse. Sick
and Accident '■ Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec."
on and after the Hirst day of December, I use in connection w»th every ventilation, ing fan except in the case of an auxiil-
'47 /'MJ For Prevention of Disease
By Natural Means
[EARLY all forms ol dueate ttt traceable
lo Mnilaiy igaoi«nce and aa imperfect
action of the liver.
Eating between meal* a a frequent cause of indigestion and intestinal disorders, because introducing
• fresh mass of food into the mass already partly dissolved
arrests the healthy action of the stomach and causes the food
first received to lie until incipient fermentation takes place.
The liver, unlike the stomach, is constantly secreting, and when
too much carbonaceous food has been taken, the bile becomes
too thick and consequently unable to perform its office. Every
intelligent person, who appreciates the inestimable value of
good health, should read the "Rules of Life" set forth in tht
booklet enclosed in -miy package of
By strict atfimtnet le ll** rule*, treii those of impairad -coMt-ku*
tion hava keen mndn lieaJthy aad comparatively robust, Eimm "Fruit
SalT ii a hoaltlHpvbf, coolmg ami iavia«ratiisg btftrtft, wtich dwoU
bn tm* it tvorr MMuciio-Kt m icadncM for an wnifwcy. Vttmo n bm
mm **ita m xU notix** ***$& ui *im*ue. ** Un m mnoy mimajm
ftmmtd whet vemid otherwise horn bmn n straw iikmu.
OitJtr a btMik TO-DAY fnwi ymu deaS-tt.
Pttpnrei enhi hf
J. C. fcNO. Limited, "frail Safe" Works,
London, England
Agwrtt far Camdat Harold P. ITtttMa a Co., IJmHnl,
10 MtCmiSL, Toronto.
ger, overman and exsmlner to oarry
out audi to the best of tbelr ability
enforce the provisions of all regula
tlonB and niles -^nder The Mlnet Act,
am'. 1: shall be the duty of all .wsors
Iu cr about a mlh% to comply with tbe
provisions of all regulations and ruies
ni.uK- under the provisions of the BJid
!!. All regulations, rules or order*
\\hk\x -are In force under The Mines
Act shall be posted up In some wa-
siilcuous place at the mine where they
may be conveniently seen and read by
any person employed; and so often as
tiie -same becomo defaced-, obliterated
or destroyed, the owner, agent „or
manager shall cause thom to be renewed with «U' reasonable despatch.
3, In addition, to the powers conferred by Section 61 Sub-section .1 of
the 'Mines Act, for the puipose of ascertaining whether Miy .person is -con-
wc»*r.g any of- tae provisions ot
.iMtion Rl Sub-seetlonit 2 and 3. the
owner, agent or manager shall cause
ill tiie iK'Tson* employed In a mine or
such of tbem as*may be selected to be
searched -at any time when reipilrod
by an Inspector of Mines.
4. A record shall be made in a booh
tu be kept ror the purpooo at tbe mine
of the name* of all person* lo whom
tafety la-nips are given out   ,,,V
121 A i-ompetent pemon appointed
for the purpose shall examine every
safety lamp on Us being returned to
the lamp home nnd If. on such exam
ary ton  placed underground   -which
/      No. 12*3
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at -Miners Hall.   Slok .and
Benefit   Society   attached.—Qf
Morgan. Secretary, . ..   .
doea not contribute to the general ventilation of the mine or of any ven-tllat-
in? ditetrlct of the mine.
(2) The owner, agent or manager
slmll appoint a competent person to
observe from time to time the ventilating pressure as indicated iby the
water gauge, and when an automatic
indicator registering the water gauge
Is not in use, such person shall, nt
the end of -each p»riod of two hours,
enter In a book which shall be kept
at thoimine for the ^urposet the pressure shown by the water gauge at
the end of each period,
8. The owner, agent or manager of
every mine slvaM keep In the office sit
the mine -a separate plan drawn io a
scale approved by. the Chief Inspector
of'.Mines, showing the system of ventilation in the mine, the direction et
the (air currents, the points where tke
quantity of air is .measured and the
device* -for the regulation and distribution of the air; such pfcin shall be
kept up to a date not more than three
months previous.
V. After the first day of July, 11*1 ">.
there shall In every mine In which a
mechanical contrivance for ventilation Is used, be provided and maintained In a condition to be put into Immediate operation, adequate meins for
reversing the air current
10. After the first dsy of January.
Idle, no fire shall be used below
ground for ventilation In any mine.
11. No person shall brush or mtt
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Beserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEQ HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELI AS ROGERS, Esq., Vles-Prts.
Arrowhead, Athatmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invsrmere,
Nstal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
intsrsst allowed on deposits st oorrsnt rsts from dsts of deposit.
WUlt, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Infonnee Polidet
or other valuables in one of these boxes
_^_«»   .' ■■ b*n
___  .   $    pom ramaR INFORMATION Am.YT«
P* B. Fowlor, Manager Far nie Branch
luation, any lamp is found to be dam-1 out gas In any mine unless authorised
nueti, tU*t ilimnw *iatt be tktajitd to, Jo do *o by the matV-Wr, wrm«n ov
have been due to neslect or the fsult | examiner.
af the person lo whom ihe lamp wa*1    t'l   In every mine, the ventilation
given out, unless he proves that the I shall be kept snd maintained in good
diruase wa* due to no fault of his jam! proper order to Insure that an ad
n« ii and that b« Immediately «ave »o-j quale amount   of   air   reaehM curb
tire of the dsmaae to th«» overman or; working face.
eMvm'ncr or to sane ot!i#r person !n     is,   Alt Mopping* betwttn main ln>
Authority in the mine.
, tskes and main return airway shall
CH After ih* first -iny ot Jnwury. he constructed so as to prevent st ttt-
i!ii«, no safety Jantp em-Kjit aii «i»<«tr>c. as practicable leakage of air, am} thej
lamp shall be lighted belor ffromtd ex- j spue* betswn this f«<* of an? «f these J
<•*•;« by j c-Mnpe'eat person appointed Moi»i»iHs* and the nrndsray shall bs^
by lhe manager, who shall ©air  Mgiu \ kept -ron»uiitl> -rltar.
II.   No person shall, wnlest author-!
lied to do eo bj tbe awnsirer. overman >
or -examiner, pis* beyond toy t*w* «r j
t'Mtiftr signal. |
l>*>.   The oaiK-r, »>en
L/IL1N 1 Iv/iLr   tlvJ 1 HI*
jMiiini miliI—mi * —in ^l|l^■ll■l■^l■■^^■■l■l^■■^^«Mi■-^^w^^^^^^Mw^^^^wlll^ll **, turn
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm, ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
mvb 'ain't .ifter It has been thormith-
' H »tumintd and foand to be lo aaf*
;«ia.tttiub aad lit good worWag order,
it ad no person tfibm «*•» ano* per-
«om «« afof**al4 *Hall bave lu bit ;hm-
|se#»!o« an) eoatiivane* for lighting*of otrery min* shall »pp»l»* a romm*
anj mI*»ij tamp. ^ ■--'-•■■'» ipevu-oui to k-.»up lu, n tK^-k H'.i'ili*
a* vn ..*„**■ i*m*** «v»ll He n***4 nbntl be ka^i at tha mlsa for lha par-
■in it** -mine mtt*m It ta of a tym *t* ttm* a comet retort ot th* nam-twr
•ipfored br tit* lit!***! la^ewtor ol J**a»»ot paraona gout-* mm* giuaw ai»*rf ■»•».-
e(,                                                      titrnlag fram NMloa groaad oa e»rb
...  A timtut m *&M- m*f*M-i*n ony.nMU, M<6 t'ttrj p-«'if,*» «ft*n. tosns*- .._. __    _ .,. _.
part ef a mlao or aeam bavlaa aa In- {Oately hsfers going f»MW moan* a»d I'» i«Atib for the parposo -of fifiilt.   \    It.  Krstf person who violates sny
*,-,**,**■•?* <m***bt- ntrwo* tommmortm' *tt*r  returni*m  trom below  *JWiBd!    m    So #-M«*k.*ir.-a nbnli b* u$M tor tukttu- mnohtUm under IboMlnm Aet
!frOB» a «il» Intsfct Slnrar nntt nm «*-«wfiBn tola preweme* to am* pwrafn.   ;tn# purr^r ot   »»w»tmg n»i ta aayirimH »* gailiy M en etttmr* otmtnnt
d<p<*4t*! tr-mm titmof #t«sila«t!Bg     l«.   fa mn miae wnttmn It 1* w-,.^hr-trU- or biiamlaoiwi tonl%mtHt*"b* Win** Attmt liahle ta the -*ti..l
^.,_ _-. .k    m.±m~. !oih«r th»« a permitted *xpi«s*?# ml ttm snd nbllfattone Impeaed by tht
n*t';l i« tbm «wfn-e itwit the first day cl
JdtttliiO, IW*».
tin HyMeimilf »i<^w glial) ba tak-
e» tu pi'Mvettl um fur iiii i^ra-etli'iiblw,. ex-
Monona of coal dast ottwtrriog -or ba
iimi tnrrml xni-mmmm tem tmm.
I,.   -Aw* ntmn nt* nt-m ntmuw>\
eomposttlaa, qoalitr or ehanw'tar of ah
explosive, If he shows that he hat In
nood faith ubtaiatnl a written ca-nifi-
cutf front tlie maker nf the ot^loalva
that ft romptlea with tit terms ao
}iMUH«a aaa a*t<»H«« ntm tam aw aa*
l,»t.*.t*  ik.V  ttt-A'AwrtW-it'il   e*l*J**in  -ak)  jTJWKfi»i.
■Hy. tbr- iftttoe flrtna le* snot aftall] ^at-ailttwtkNa ot tmt eaykrtt-e  afelie
■kw* ont; -m afrit !*** 1km *tttiy fw-tj***1*1**    .   y
» main r- mm airway.
nnily «wt throwghoai
t.   Tha palatt at mUtb It* quantity     fa» faro shaft b* m rm*itwtl*4 aad berelnatter daO«ed.
to*9 I
j tttt Art.
ot air nhati be mtmtmb ha par»aa^», aialntalned as ta prettnt as tnt   asi    a} Tb* Wrw  i»rmlU«d aapkMdves s
i el BrHUm » el tha Wn*. Art s*«ll b* praetleaWe. toomrom mot torn t* | mmm mm* fiplmltt. a* art tmmt
,* i„,w«-», .«."*•;.>tn«   ritiftvf'i   'b.'   '-'rfM,   en-N   iir'aBtt .leflw-.t ffmi H11.W tn Mm* byA.bn F^,*,- **r  ■ -t* * • t *.,«.. .
•    .*i la lha mala airway tf am* t*m\ flow of tha wr* tart an> ,-,r» s^itrh ^ctttt bnopmtm Ot Ulwmi  pro*ld«l     j^ffgSSi^m_ aUmtlmm.
st* vf»r e* -itmnntmobn ko ***** ***»*«<» «u. ^*:*t- '..• u--»*' «- * ■*,  -'•• ■  <»? 'li'' "-r"*' . Uu; 4,'L*i*». iU^ iaiu^u*U;*uu. muUtj ui '
I whteh tbe air m:*m ttm mttt; ; tt iha pmtim ot Ht***. r«#al«t*OM* l rhsrarter- et nny aspteaft* 4* mtlm4
'„    is*, fa enery mWKt m nyftx m «e»f' assy.  tw>t*?ilt*«*m4lt»« ths-  thay * a*m| |»f 9,m, mf 9nM* att*«fd ta br m*b
t-w *pratik*hi# to tite pittt at irtiWi'inrt m rm*tmrt*4, mmm** t» h* ampiomirt* whlrh ittmrt ttt*rrtrmn In
the diettriet or o»\% Donitaawres;        * v     .... t ■    . |  . i ^cwwrnislttca. ifatltty wr fhawaatar iy^
-.   tet la stall dWrkt et t§m at *  \tmmi ot ti&bnlomiim m «*l*-r»{#-*/ i^.ti
ptewx em lamimaa «**> *S*m* im,*- tu.u. .
At** ttm ttnm ttt wwrttag plart far-
tfienf awar from tb* rommenfrmi'itt
let tbt 1-^M; I
%» Cwat^v
i r, mm
m ct*-***
4a.lt ttOt ftU  *f''«m-'ff fi} h«-  'be  i'*QlO
tmmm"m u *m m? a i**wi^. t «wr*r mt   _
«»»tt^ tt wtnii
-»- * «'»■>»•;«*». v»t.* 9-mttr.t *» mm* if tm am .*
m 9*. . ,,JMMM tt ,%, „_„__
ww-nr t. fW-w.
_mm t; *ffitj»J»* W^W^f W ■'
* .a~m!h*.«MM.
tasaat. ntattt.
m *o* mr,
farther thst aa trow*, agent or mans-
Itm molt net be rr*poiMilWe tor rhe-
mtr* e**w* ram w ttm *mm*mr ann am
■mmmaattOm -^mw«  imi fteOOlKtii ^K*m auHHgigm ^mmmtmmm ^M HMI
.... .*.._ ^r --anaaakn*. tm*
ytnt\r.\ • cti... ti-Mn o
wr ta*
Federal Commission
Peps is the name bestowed upon •
a new scientific preparation put up
into tabriu or pastille form, which
provides an entirely new aiid effective treatment ,. for coughs, coldi
and lung and throat, troubles.'     j
Did it'never occur to'you as!
peculiar tbat when you bave a J
cough or a cold, or any chrs.j
trouble, you should apply medicine j
—not" to. your lung3, but to your ;
stomach? \
Look at It the other way round. [
Suppose you suffered from so.-io j
stomach complaint—indigestion o.-
ulceration. How strange you would
thinly it if you'were asked to take
a medicine which bad to be
breathed in, and which went—not
to your stomach., but to yuur lungs
and breathing passages?
Peps—this newest remedy for
coughs, colds, and lung t rouble—
go to tbe lungs and breathing-
tubes, direct. Peps are really pine
fumes, and certain highly beneficial
medicinal extracts specially prepared by a new scientific proccar,
and then condensed into tabl: .
form. It is like making a breath-
abfc gas solid!
You *put a " Pep" on youi
tongue and Jet it dissolve. As lt
does so, the healing essences It contains turn Into vapor, and you
BREATHES them direct fo your
lungs and air presages! <
Just as tho out-door treatment
for consumption—the "breathing"
treatment—is now admitted to bo
the only rational treatment, so Ihe
"Peps" treatment for colds ai:d
ung troubles ls the only rational
home treatment.
Peps cure catarrh, coughs, bronchitis, sore throat, tightness or
aching across the chest, dlfflcully
In breathing, night cough, hoarseness, asthma, laryngitis, smoker's
throat, etc. Best for children, because free from opium, morphine,
or any poison.
All' druggists and stores sell
Peps at B6c a box or 3 for $1.25.
Cut but- this article, write
across it the name of this
paper, and mail It' to Peps
Co., Toronto, or 52 Princess Street,
Winnipeg, enclosing 1 cent
stamp to pay for return postage. A free trial packet ot
Peas will be mailed you by
return. If you have a friend I
suffering from a cough, I
cold, or any throat I
or lung trouble.
"    WHAT
YC3U v
fl        _J    «■« a      1
jm* Jtsn    tm m.        *~"
NEW YORK, Jan. 30— Tbe policies
and purposes of t-he Rockefeller foundation and recent utterances on the
witness stand, of John D. Rockefeller,
jr., were vigorously •assailed' yesterday
by John R. Larson, a-.member of tbe
-bound of United iMtne Workers of
America of th© district which includes
Colorado, when he appeared- at the
hearing being conducted by the federal commission on industrial relations aa a representative of the coa-1
miners. The gist of -Mr. .Lawson's testimony was this:
"A skilful attempt is being -made to
substitute philanthropy for justice."
To the philanthropy of the Rockefellers, Mt. Lawson referred as follows:
"Health for children; a refuge for
birds; food for the Belgians; -pensions
•for Naw York widows; university
training for tbe elect--and never a
thought or a dollar for the many thousands of mien, women, and children
who -starved in Colorado, ' for the
widows robbed of husbands, children
of their fathers, There are thousands of Rockefeller's ex-employes in
'Colorado today who wish to God they
were in Belgium to be fed, or a bird to
be tenderly- cared -for."
Ignorant and Indifferent
(Mr. Lawtsort criticized John D.
Rockefeller, jr., for bis lack of knowledge of -con-diitions and.said that he
Is "equally as Ignorant and indiitferent
as bis .trusted executives,"
■Referring to the- Rockefeller contribution of $1,-000,000 for an Investigation -into industrial unrest and the employment of W. L. Mackenzie King to
conduct an investigation, Mr. Lawson
said: "Who is the man chosen to
conduct this -million dollar investigation into Industrial unrest? One Mackenzie King, an alien, -whose contribution -to the Industrial -problem is a law
tbat (prescribes a jail sentence for the
worker who dares to lay down his
tools. If laibor -had any doubt as to
hte real intent tbat doubt -was removed by the letter read at this
Here Mr. Lawson quoted what purported to be a -copy of a. letter written
'by Mr. King, August 16, 1914, to John
D. Rockefeller, jr., in, which <Mr. King'
Quotes latter of Mr, King
"It twill not b-e long before the in-
and once this becomes apparent, the
•u-nions (Will have to revise considerably
some of their present -policies. Looking
at the ultimate, rather than the immediate effect, tbere is, generally
speaking, -going to be a large amount
of unemployment as a consequence of
the war—In certain industries it is
going to be easy for employers to find
all the labor they desire, and union's
-will bo confronted with a new probleim.
Here, it seems to me, lies a possible
avenue of approach towards restoring
normal conditions in Colorado."
Mr. Lawson talked .with a voice
which enabled every person in the
crowded room In the city hall, in which
the hearing is being conducted, to
hear what he said. When he e-nded
this denunciation the spectators -were
with difficulty restrained by Chairman Frank P. Walsh from demonstrating their approval. Mr. Lawson-s criticism of Mr. Rockefeller was made
shortly after lie had come from a
private conference at the latter's office, to which he bad been invited, as
wero the labor leaders who conferred
with Mr. Rockefeller yesterday, and
hoped that more conciliatory relations
might be established.
Morgan Admits Ignorance of Laboring, said, he had n-ot Inspected any Indus'
resardiin-g conditions among the miners of Colorado and. Pennsylvania and
characterized as "aim-ply absurd" the
Rockefeller- 'plan of settling' labor
troubles tin- Colorado.
" ■MrTTMbfigan con-fessed his lack of
knowledge regarding labor .troubles in
the corporations in whicJh he is a director.
The officers or corporations as executive officials were responsible for
laibor conditions among the employes,
Mr. Morgan declared. He -was in favor of the "open1 shop" and considered
that In labor disputes the employer
should "play -the part of any decent
roan." Philanthropic foundations had
done considerable good, he believed.
Ignorant as to Employes
He was a d-lreetor, he .said, of the
International -Mercantile Marine company-, but did not know the number of
its employes. Neither was he able to
tell the number of men employed by
Northern Pacific Railroad company, tbe -United States Steel corporation or the Pullman company, In all -)f
wblcli lie is a director.
The only reports which he received
from these companies were in relation, he said-, to their financial condition and prospects. He said that he
always tried to attend the meetings
of the directors of the corporations
with which ho was connected. Frequently other directors ca-me to his
office and talked over with him various matters concerning affairs of thc
"I am on tap," said ..Mr. Morgan.
Seldom  Inspect Companies
Duping the last year,   the  'Witness
Man's Troubles
NEW YORK, Feb. ],—J. P. iMorgan,
testifying today at the inquiry- being
conducted- ,by the federal commission
on industrial relations into the -great
philanthropic foundations and the
cause of industrial unrest, denied that
bis (banking finm dominated half of
the railroads in the United, States.
The denial wa6 called forth by a
statement attributed- to Samuel Unter-
myer wlhen the latter was a witness
before the commission, that bis (banking firm bad virtually controlled- the
"We certainly do not control half of
the roads," .Mr. .Morgan asserted. He
added, with a laugh, "I don't know
anything about Ku-bn, Loeb & Co.'s
.business, but Mr. Untennyer -was cer-'
tainly wrong."
For the Open Shop
It was Mr Morgan's -first appearance
as spokesman for the vast financial
firm of Morgan & Co. When 'Mr. Morgan arrived at the bearing John
Mitchell, former president of the United Mine Workers of America, and now
a member of the New York state work-
evltttWe effects of the*European war
aro certain to -make themselves -felt,
trial -plants, although during the last
five years he had Inspected varloua
steel plants.
"I .have not Inspected the Northern
Pacific Railroad," said Mr. Morgan,
with a chuckle, "but I have traveled
on some of the ships owned by the
International merchant marine."
"To -what extent are stockholders tn
a corporat-ion responsible for the labor conditions In that corporation?'.'
-Chairman Walsh asked. "I don't think
a stockholder has any responsibility,"
Mr. 'Morgan replied.
"What is the responsibility. of a director for the conditions among ibe
laborers?" "The directors are not at
al! responsible, I should say."
"Who Is responsible?"  "The officers
of tbe corporation—tbe executive officials," Mr. Morgan replied.
As to Working Hour*
Mr. Morgan said he had no idea as
to how -many hours a man should work
a day.. Nor had he any idea, be said,
as to the age at which children should
go 'to work.
"The later the better, I should- imagine," he_sald--	
imen'a compensation- commission, was
on the stand.    Mr. Mitchell testified
Asked -if he thought $10 a week a
sufficient wage for longshoremen  he
replied. "If that is what is ipaid and
the longshoreman takes it, I guess it
is enough," he said.
'Mr. (Morgan said he did not know
in (Which of the corporations he was
interested in. tbe men were organized.
He thought men on the 'Northern Paoi-
-f-ic Railroad an-d in the em-ploy of the
International Mercantile Marine were
"What is your attitude toward- organized labor?" asked- Mr, Walsh.
"What do you mean—-my attitude?"
Mr. Morgan asked in reply.
Vague on Poverty
When the question .was repeated, the
witness said it made no difference to
him whether the ime-n were organized
or not. He said, however, he would
object to un-ion organizers -going on
the property owned by corporations
d-urin-g work-ins hours. Industrial discontent, the witness "supposed-" was
on the d-ecrease, as "conditions are
being constantly improved."
Ile cited- as an e.xamiple the United
States Steel corporation, .which he said
had done imuch for its men.
■Mr. Morgan said the extent of poverty und suffering hud not been
brought to his attention, and he had
no opinion regarding the cause of
poverty. As to charitable acts, the
witness said, "I have helped where I
ran, us most people do."
The philanthropic foundations have
been beneficial socially, in the opinion
of the witness. I ie cited the libraries
established -by Mr, Carnegie and the
medical research work made possible
by Rockefeller.
Avers Associated Press Partial
At the resumption of the hearing
Amos Pinchot was recalled to finish
his testimony interrupted by adjournment last Saturday. He was permitted to finish the reading of testimony
which had been placed in the record.
In this he had accused the Associated
Press of partiality to the capitalistic
side of labor controversies In the
handling of -news.
"I don't believe," said Mr. -Pinchot,
after finishing the statement, "that the
Associated Press will carry on ite wires
dispatches concerning my testimony
here about it. There is a bylaw in the
Associated Press which provides that
any member printing news derogatory
to the Associated Press will be disciplined and is subject to losing Its franchise."
Commissioner Walsh asked the witness if lie knew of any instance of a
member of the Associated Press being
disciplined for the violation of the alleged bylaw. Mr. Pinchot replied that
Mr. iMcCormlck, editor of the Chicago
Tribune, had been, so disciplined some
yeara ago. The commissioner tben
asked the- witness If he knew of any
nil.Mh*; rpwuvl nt. giftth-n-hyla Ws—To-tMs
Mr. .Pinchot  replied  that  last  year
Clarence Shearn, in filing a complaint
against the Associated Press in behalf
oi the New York Sun, had included
the alleged bylaw in the papers.
The 'witness said tbat he himself
'had a copy of the bylaw. After bedng
asked toy the commissioner to -produce
it, he was excused.
Workers  on   Money   Basis
John Mitchell, former president of
the United- Mine Workers of -America
and now a member of tbe state -workmen's compensation commission, told
the commission that the Rockefeller
plan of settling labor troubles in Colorado was "simply absurd."
No good can come out of such a
l>lan, said he. The unorganized men
cam not be depended upon to select
to represent them only men the bosses
want. They may not be directly influenced to do this; but there will be
an Indirect influence which they cannot resist.
"We have gone through such a thing
before. Tlie slogan, We might as
well starve idle as starve working.'
will naturally be raised again just as
it was during 1000 In the anthracite
Speaking of compensation for workingmen, Mr. Mitchell said it was effective in more ways than one.
"When," wild he, "it coEts more to
kill a -man than It does to save him,
thc employers will save thrtr wrkers."
IMr. Mitchell said that where men
are unorganized the death rate Is higher and the wage rate lower.
From a book recently published in
Kngland by Father Welch, entitled
"'Socialism, Individualism and Catholicism"—
At root competition is atheistic.
* »     *
All wealth lias a social punpo.se; it
is for the common good.
* ' ,   *
Five -millions of persons take half of
the annual income; the remaining 38
millions must be content with the other half.
* *     ♦
The victory of modern capitalism
has Involved the overthrow of the
Christian social order.
* •     *
It is no exaggeration  to  say  that
-multitudes   of   children   are   rather
damned  than :born   into   the   world;
tbey never have a chance of life orj
happiness. i
* *    * !
Wblle multitudes starve for lack of
the necessaries of life, a small body-
wastes the iwealtb which labor alone
-produced in every species of extravagance.
* *     *
Our claim upon the (bounty of tlie
■earth -Sor-suffiei6nt^o"Suppiy™*0Mr"eiri"
sentlal needs is made good only when
we comply -with the great  law of
Hundreds of People Have
Found "Fruit-a-tives" Their
Only Help
Superintendent of Sunday School in
Toronto Tells How Ho Cured Himself
of Chronic Rheumatism After Suffer.
Ing for Years.
SS Dovsrcoort Road, Oct., ist. 1913.
"Por a long time, I hsve thought of
writing you regarding what I term a
most remarkable cure effected by your
remedy " Fruit-a-tives". I suffered from
Rheumatism, especially in my hands.
I have spent a lot of money without
any good results. I havctaleen "Fruit-
a-tives" for 18 months now, and am
pleased to tell you tbat 1 am cured.
All the enlargement has not left my
bands snd perhaps never will, but tbe
soreness is all gone and I can do any
kind of work. I bave gained 35 pounds
iu 18 months".
Rheumatism is no longer the dreaded
disease it ouce was. Rheumatism is
uo longer one of the "incurable
diseases'*. "Pruit-a-tives" has proved
its marvellous powers over Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago—io fact,
over all such diseases which arise from
some derangement of stomach, bowels,
kidneys or skin.
"Pruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size,
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
* *     *
There are in Kngland 5,000,000
destitute people in receipt of public
or private charity. Tbls is the lot
which awaits one in five of tbe laboring class.
* *     *
Unrestricted competition, left to itself, is not an instrument of progress,
but of retrogression; It is a reversion
to the conditions of savagery, and its
results have been rightly described as
commercial cannibalism.
* »     •
In the view of economic liberal or
the individualist, society An merely a
battle-ground where industrial war is
the normal condition, and1 where each
person is entitled to such share of the
acquire, regardless of his neighbor's
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because ii
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest     We might take this opportunity tn **.
jwww nur *.pjw*d«.ttan fnr th* ser^re n* rendered so far.   We would also add thai Jt 3s one of Uj€ cUi^uabl wtxilkb *h*t*L we
, have run across in some time.
* «*-*» *i ?E FOUE
&Ij* Diolrict £tb#tg
Published every Thursday evening at il* office,
Pellatt Avenue, 7ernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An- excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
The member for Naiiaimo has drawn upon himself
tihe fire of "'The Nows-A-tlvertiser" he-cause of the
expressions touching militarism he uttered recently
in the Legislative Assembly. Amongst other remarks, and one to wliich tlie Vancouver daily takes
exception with I'lace is the latter's contention that
the oft-repeated explanation aliout (treat Unburn
having engaged in the present sanguinary struggle
.because of the violations of Belgium's neutrality
w«s not the basic reason but an exeuse.
That there was a compact entered into recognizing the neutrality of Belgium by Britain. Prance
and German is common knowledge, liut to those
fond of analysis the question arises: Was this undertaking nuule-solely for the philanthropic purpose of
protecting Belgium, or was inhie to the recognition
that her geographical position being such that in
order for the  larger powers to mutually protect
 1_ | tju.j,. mv„ s,,i] |').„n, hcing menaced it was highly null vera month ha.s elapsed since the explosion oc- *U).*Uui\ that Belgium should lie neutral territory?,
cm-red at B. North Mine at Coal (.'reek, but so far|     Kthk-s   do   mil   govern treaty making, business
we have n-»l learnt what date has been fixed for the!|„,,jj(.v js ,.V(1,. [\*-, determinant.
I'lupiiry which Chief Mine Inspector Thomas (ira-j     Let tis look nt the case frankly aud without* parham stated, when  in  J'Yrnie.  would  lie  intituled ( tisaiisliip. if such be possible, for Ihose whose pnlri-
a t't or he had had a eonsulta-tion with the Victoria au-olisfn (sic) has not completely stultified their rea-
llmrities. We do must urgently suggest to Ihe powers soiling ('acuities.      Take a  map of Kurope, locate
tliat In- Ibe necessity of taking early steps to insti-  (Jej-iuauy, and what do we observe?    On the north
lute the most searching investigation into the cause, western and western boundaries   like   a    rampart
of llie Coal Creek disaster, not only for the purpose j stand llie two countries. Holland and Belgium. kIuiI-
nf obtaining data that may materially aid  in avert-, ting off (Jermany from obtaining far easier access
ing recurrences of a like character, but also as a. to the Straits of Dover and the l'higlish Channel
mean* whereby resumption oT operations may be! Ihence to the Atlantic Ocean, than she enjoys at
effected thereby enabling those who are in enforced; the mouth of the Kibe, and upon which river is sit -
idleness to obtain the wherewithal to minister to tl-cj uated her most important maritime port. Ilamlnirg.
needs of those dependent  upon'them  for susten-j     Suppose (ienmmy were able to call the western
ance.     This is peculiarly within the province jfj portion of the rampart (Belgium) her property ami
I'i'einier McBride, as he also has the portfolio of > retain the possession thereof, it is a logical assiunp-
.Minisler of .Mines, hence as the Chief  Kxecutivei linn that this, once firmly established as an integral
desirous of minimising the distress incident to lack! part of the 1'i'us.sian Empire, the north-western por-
of employment he is likewise head of the depart-'lion of the rampart (Holland) would not long re-
ment having supervision of such cases as the one  main free from her domination, pari iciilarly when it
"- -EDITOR - -
REES—LOUGHRAN  DEBATE  ENDS  ter and to write a -couple of columms
by way of reply in a couple of hours,
yet the learned Dr. Johnson was a
sooil judge 'When, he said: "H-urried
writing makes cursed -bad read-ireg."
Therefore J feel that as man to man
I owe an tenable apology to the editor
tind management of the Ledger, and
if the letters I sent to the Local sec-
reit-aries caused them, their co-officials
or -memibers any inconvenience, I sincerely hope tliey will pardon—
Yours sincerely,
Heaver Mines, Alta.
To the Editor, Distriot Ledger.
Dear Sir,-i-l note Brother Lomgh-
ran's "Come Forward" is his wind'-up
of the discussion re •'•.Method- of Ele-c-
tion-s." That being so, I wall not write
at any further length myself, feeling
tlmt Jdhn and-1 have made a fair start,
and possibly .-there .may be others who
will interesi us with soniethiag new
and better, if the' .principals now .withdraw. I feel, like Brother John, that
this controversy may be beneficial to
the District."
However, Jet me assure friend John
t'liat I never in-tended "sneering at fhe
men who .grow whiskers, believing
them too old lor responsible positions." I have In mind the fact that
there • are men who, like Gladstone,
advance with the times. However they
are not numerous. Still we must thank
those of our forebears who have
brought us along to where w,« are, and
we, on our part, should continue t'he
work among our fellows.
In con-cl-usion, 1 might add that 1
have thoroughly enjoyed the discussion, and feel that our membership
would appreciate .ninny such a debute,
carried ou in the proper spirit.
Wishing  friend   John   and   all   the
readers of our epistles every success.
Yours truly,
To the Editor, District Ledger,
fact that he reasons -too much and
tlie -massage -does not reach -ihe mark
only on either -side, and tii-ar@fore does
not -tela,'        •■". '■
L-sub-ai* Is not everything,- and can
n-ot -be a true measure af -v-alua. The
Wise -Man -got to -the truth rnihen he'
said: "Tbat in all labor -there -was pro-
fix, hut much lost in want of judgment." There is a great loss in fool-
tish'l-aihor, although the labor may be
hard anirt earnest. The same can be
a-pplied to much of the earnest.and
otiherw-lse -clear reasoning of the ordinary So-cia-list.
The answer, is given in no inicer-
bain tones by all economists of note:
"AH are ag. _^1 that quantity of -.labor -oons-tttutes value." In other
word-s, the amount of labor embod-ied
iu auy commiodily dieteranines its
There is not one farmer in- tlie,Canadian- North West that would agree
with the above statement in regard to
hist year's crop. Leaving out oondi-
tioiis as we found them before and
after the war started-, the result -mast
lie mainly attributed to want of judgment on the ijKi-r-t of the farmer.     La-
Classified Ads.--Cent a Word
-. HOUSE PORRBNT-^-Four rooms;
West JFeirnie. . Ajpply, A. Luke, Box 381.
.FOR -SALE CHEA-P—Two pair heavy
Bob Sleighs, practically new. Apply,
S. Graham, co., The 41 Meat Market,
Dear Sir,—Under the above head- j bor, indeed, a -ple-nty, but a sliont crop.
ii:g in last week's Ledger we were j The value is raised aoconUag to don
pleased to notice a letter tvom  Mro.' d-ltlons, it will be said, bnt that lia-8
ORGAX FOR SALE—Cheap. Apply, 66, Cliipinan Avenue, Annex.
—Experienced and thoroughly reliable
accountant with knowledge of lumber, steel and brick and printing Industries, seeks situation in Pass or E.
Kootenay. Engaged for last six years
with big firm at coast. Apply Ledger
Office,, or write A. M. Judd, co.
Messrs. Couglan & Co., World Bldg.,
TO BE SOLD CHEAP—A number of
tables and kitchen chairs. Apply,
Ledger Office.
Sale.     Apply, '69, Victoria Avenue.
in question, he is naturally doubly interested. We
hope to be able to announce to oui1 readers before
the next issue t'he date for t'he commencenient of
this enquiry. Verbum sap. or in classical language
—Xuf sed."
is taken into consideration that the-Duteh port of
Flushing commands the entrance to the Hiver
Scheldt with Antwerp at its upper extremity.
What effect would this have upon Great Britain?
Simply this, the distance separating her from her
most formidable comimercial rival would be so visibly lessened that, as has been already stated, a dag-
 ' | jjcr would be pointed straight at her heart.   This
As there are so -many members of District 18 whoj is common sense reasoning, and admitted by those
were born in countries that are today at war with! who, while not void'of sentiment, do not permit it
Ureal. Britain, we wish to give them some advice for
their guidance so that they may avoid any unpleasantness with the authorities.
If born in (jermany. Austria, Hungary, Bohemia,
Croatia, or any of the states or possessions either of
('ermany ov Austria, then it i.s necessary thai the
-pc^t-Hin-wHjorn-TrtTtii r^^^
shown below:
"Lionel Williams, of t.'aiiiuore, Alta., whoso
signature appears below, having subscribed to
the underlaid!)'/ by law required, is uot subject to interference whilst he complies with its
Issued by Hegistrar.
Signature of bearer < Lionel Wiiliaus,
hated at Canmore. Alta ".. . .1U1.V
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir.—In last week's issue under -Coal Creek notes the statement is
made that the mines worked six days,
an-d whilst this is literally correct, in
order to prevent tlie possibility of a
mistaken impression bein.a created
that the mines are working at full
capacity, I would like to call the attention cf your readers to the fact
that It was the morning shift only that
was working, which, when apportioned
:o -the men em-ployed, does not run to
three shifts a week, and in many instances,, only two.
In addition to this there are all the
uu n l(Me who wore 'working in II.
North before the explosion, none of
whom  are jet able  to do anything.
ytlglrr. secretary Hillcrest Looal, correcting a statement w<hich appeared in
the Beaver .Mines Notes, .Iun. IG'.'i.
While wo believe ihat Bro. Sii'jier
il'iil the right thing'by raliins att'.-n-
tlou to what was apparently a -uiis-
4Uiiement, yet we fail to find where
the inaccuracy comes in. Before writing tliis we took the trouble to.cc.ri-
pai'p the copy of letter sent to Beaver
.Mines Local with that published ever
t'he signature of ".M. Stigler," and although in substance they are -both almost identical, yet the wording of
hoth are not the same. In the second paragraph of tho -published letter we read: "Now, we have another
brother who has been crippled for almost ii year ' but the letter sent
to Beaver Mines roads: "Another brother crippled for over one year," and
it was this that gave the Beaver mines
in embers the impression that it was
want of the necessary $200 that caused the Hillcrest Local to keep the crippled brother suffering   -for   over   12
nothing to do with the wasted laibor
o-f the Cannier, neither can the climate
conditions be the «iuise for the shortage. No doubt all these helped, but
isnonan-ce on the -part or the farmer
anvil those of his advise-ns, an-d. those
who make his implements, are tlie
chief cause of failure,
•A new invention Is- useless until the
common people understand it, can get
it made and get to use it. So tlie reasoning of the Socialist is so nru-ch labor wasted unless the common people
understand and come to reason as the
Socialist reasons.
We «must not stop at Karl Marx for
ho did not uncover all that can be
brought to light in regard to value.
'VM-an «hall not live by bread alone,
but by every word that proceedetli out
of the mouth of God." Yet we still
•say -bread alone; that is -all that concerns ti* at present and even -our reasonings in regard to that bread come
short on simple facts.
A nation's wealth ean not be meas-
TO    KBOT—Five-Roomed    ltou-se.
Apply, "Wm. -Minton. Fernie Annex.
-TWO GIRLS desire employment
either in hotel or private family.
Write Jlttny Vavereeiaii, Fernie P. 6.
TO RENT—'Two FurnlsheH Rooms;
reasonable.    Apply 140, Howland Ave.
cow; 3-year-old; calved second calf
on 15th January. Price 85.00. Apply
F. M. Thompson Co., Blairmore, Alta.
months when there was a -.prospect of
him   being   speedily   cured   -by   the l,ped b* fcl,e Sundance of Its commot
io usurp Che place of ordinary Imsinc-is judgment.
Although (iemiany possesses considerable roast
line abutting on the Xorth Sea, it i.s every where j The object of this letter is to prevent
low and sandy, consequently only a very limited ithe WwiIbiMty of those reading the
.,   ,,'   ,     *, -     . •       „   ..      ..      I iMragropli from  Imagining that    tlie
area is suitable to deep sea navigation or the erea-  ' . „   , #,    , ?  ,„
1 .       , .    1 mines at ( oal Creek were in hill swing
tion of harbors.    With her splendidly equipped in-;,,,,,, (,nml,l!r tn tnw„ |„ thp i,mip nf
President Gladstone Local.
Kernie. 11.0., Feb. 2, 191.V
specialists mentioned in t'he letter.
Bro. -Stigler also complains that the
Beaver scribe spoke of his letter as
"referring to some friction between
the medical attendant and the members." But while we agree that the
scribe -mipht have eftosen a more dignified word, we think Brother Maok
will ad-m.it 'that very often for brevity
sake a bci-Hip will try to put the sub-
ties; neither -oan a mail's life be mea^
surfMl by tlie nu-iriber of his day«, but
by the number and importance of his
ideas.. And the man who has the
right Idea of teaching luis fellow men
is tlie man above all others.
Yours truly,
■ Letlibridge, Alta.
Should this meet the eye of
any relatives in British Columbia or Alberta, of William
Johnson, aged 18, who was
killed in the Hillcrest (Alta.)
explosion, June 13, 1914. they
are kindly requested to communicate with A. J. Carter,
Fernie, B.C.
_Letter Rlgnp.rt  hv '•ResnectahlR Ct-M-
Ternal watenvays"."inaferndly aiding 111 facilitating j rinding work, but discovering, to their
I lie-transport of her evorgiNrvying commerce {now sorrow,  that  they  have  come on a
materially  bl-oehed)   the  necessity   for acquiring  «'!!<'-soose chase.
,*..,. . • Yours, etc.,
i more adequate maritime ports was ever pressing.    1 , HARRY MA.RT1X
-   'Talcing all  these factors  into consideration,  it I
• follows as au  indisputable corollary that  it was
-tn Germany's  economic  interest   to  obtain   more-
shipping points oh her western side aud lo Mritnin'si
j economic interest to thwart this purpose, whether;
i liclgiuiu's neutrality were violated or nol.
j    That -Germany is Britain's keenest Kiirnpean com- ym ior l« ttrr of ttiei!"tli ult.. tinC the
card must be filled''out by every immigrant | mercial eoinpetiKir Ave do not think even the ultra- IWn-d remarks it contained, and also
from the countries mentioned no matter how long! patriot will denv.     That the acquisition by (ler- !|"<*,8<' "'J™ J"" ,to «l«J«w»™ for «"'«•
 •..,', .',      •,    .,    I ,. .   .      , ••.-.,    i,.    •   .    iiiK »o injudiciously on Jan 2(Kh, when  wards,
he has been a resident ol ( anada, and despite the j many ol more ports in closer proximity to llritnin * , f(jl||l(, my r^]y lQ ..,JJVe nwg 0onu,s j    0m, m)S01| whj. ,,,„, |lw|m, M!ne(J
fuel that, he mny have received his Canadian citizen- {coast is a consummation not des-iivd by the la! ter. we. u*„-ir w-lb returned from the l^iiigerlmPii'ViK could nm vnrt-e wii'h tlm lllll-1
ship papers, Furl hermoie. every holder of a permit j doubt can be seriously confuted, therefore, unless orfU-e nmmbMshc.l. I musi eoiite*a, j en **i scheme was: Provided a great j
ii required lo present himself al Uie place where ;t! Hickc premises be deemed unsound, it must f«ill«w! Iiowovit. that I Mi rather now ut the-numher  of men  were crlpplH  aft-r
.    ,       .,.    „„„ ...    ,.   ,„ 1   , .I.    irj •  1 .   ,1      1   .   ,1 1 , ...      1 i-i   lime, and b-rlli-rlitK that the object 01 j Die maimer nffeired to In Uro. Stlg-
wns jssed on the 2Jk hii each and every motitli. 11  as niglil   he i av,   here was oily one course loll   „    ,   , "      . , ,      ,   ,   . 4l .. ,. . ,,   .
,,,,,.' ' .    . 11 . ,.. *,,(l l*'i(l«ei' management was to lining t ler» letter, would It be retinoii'uible to
ihe .iivinmrtmices arise and the holder has logo to: ,,,„.„ |\„. <jmtl Mritani In lollmv. vix,. "What we „,L. C0lllroveril, tu a„ nlllu,It terjn,„a |„|wl.t lhl. ]w»l doctor to bear the
expense of h'iuIIiik them to special-
ititu?   'Hi-hIiIpm,   III"   tendency   of   tlie
es, and apparently that was what happened on that occasion. iBut In the
accepted .sense the word of friction
was fairly applicable. For instance,
anything that would prevent machinery from running smoothly, or bu&I-
nens transactions or doin-'stic affairs
Irom bsliiK transacted mutually -nr
iiRveeably. might bo referred to as friction, hut while the word "dissension"
t'o the iM.iior. District l.ed^f". mlfiht   be   more  siiitablo   liefore   the
Pear Sir.-- Kindly allow me 10 itiniiK j scheme to dock the doctor's money
was priM-wiited to the medical uentle-
ni'in. we feel sure that the word "friction" would be In proper order after-
zen," sent from Hillorest, does not
give the name of the writer, hence
reason for non-appearance. We iniust
have the writer's mme, not necessarily for publication, but as au evidence
of good faith.
♦ . ♦
another place lo loojc for employment he should not j have we hold," even if we have to resori to arms iu ' Hon by returning my letter.   I aiinilt
fail in report the fact to the registrar who issued, order to make our actions fit our words.   To do 'mviim acted indiscreetly.    Of eouroe.
tiie card, ami he will inform the bearer of the permit j otherwise would mean, if not complete commercial ' *'** ,nvi,re lh'u th" foMntUutlon ™-'nrwnt time Is to special!/.!- every
.     '  . . .     ,       ... ...   , ,,,  1     ,,    ,. .       ,    .   ..     ,.   .    ,. i itowers the  Ledger  Editor to wper- thinlr connected with medical wience
lo whom he must report when be bus readied tlie) <-xtmHioii a most undesiriibli' dinmnitHon, ■;., „   ....,....„ • ._ _..' ,1 ,,v,„ ...„ ,...„„.,„ ,„ ,.,. ... „,.. _,„,.,
place he i* going to,    To mahe Ihis plain: Suppose       \V,
, -vlsi*- all rom-spontlcncc anil to reject aud tills we believe to ba in the rteht|-#
Imve endeavored to eliminate i.'tlpliiliil.sm; l«| anything unrit for imiillMilmi. and be-J direction, for the »pecl:ill»t who devot-l ■*-
j.o Anslriaii or Ueniiitn has had ;t card issued by i avoid expressitOK thai may be regarded either lav-j ln» also aware that I would have an e* the wliol? of bin time to the study
llie Kegistrai' at Canmore loses his job in that camp!,.ruble or adverwe lo the contending forces, advane- U)pi>o ruin ity of caillns rise attention ef
;.ud having received a tetter froni a frieielal Yelb.w  ,,ig an argniiieiil in support of the statement that  th* <ftlcmue» attending the Convention ...
„     ...     ',,,.,        ...    ii       ,,        , ■•     ■  ,      . , . 1        „ ,, ,  . .    ... ' !t» the iiMitier when  the report, and I specialty than a doctor who happens
Head Pas, that if he will come there he can li-.e- ,b, vi,.|«|...,i ol ||..|.fiiiin s uctralily was at. «>x-ns.>■ 0lm(wbll „talt.mi.iu   of   th«,   iMtter to «et an oecaniot.nl case.    An* *ee-
witli him until lie gets work, belore leaving for \ el- and not a Imsic cause for Britain** entry into the ■ (..ime *,,[*, f0r digcmiBion, I on the spur
luw Head I'as-s be whoiild call upon lhe iviri-%lrar 'it' titani-- struggle now  in progress,      Whether our j of the moment wrote the secretaries
We would respectfully call
attention to our o-ut-of-town
c-jtvespoiidents that they mall
ilielr communications so as
to reach us on Wednesday
niornlMs, as the train service
having been cut dawn to one
train dally, mall which heretofore has reached uh early on
Thuivday nioniiii-i, now is not
delivered bei'o-e noon, and in
the event of beitm behind time
reu-rhes us too late to appear
In the Issue for whleh It ir intended.
Greatest   Problem
Play of the Ago
Story (   ) Show Hero
.   See it
At -Jl}t Ms
FEB. 12th 1915
War od Wood
Good dry wood for
-sale $3.60 for 2 ricks,
delivered anywhere in
of in'rves, or ears, or eyes or brain, J
mast liecoine more proficient In lilsi
Iiik there are scores of men lu this dis-j
trli-t sufferlim. whose lieaUli and lUnbs
t'umiiorc and inform liim where he ik jjoiuj,'..
eoiileiitw.il be aeeepled or rejected in of miiiiir im-; »f *»ttnml loeils whose members I mlslit !i»ve been saved had thoy been
We would impress upon our Austrian and (ier-  |iort.    Here we are euiuent lo i*i"»t oui
iiian iiieinbei's that if they alte'ul to their own itt'
miiIa ,111.i obey  llie  IttWr* -U-iuioioU  iiieiil   llltib-l   llie
e\iiiliuir cireiiiioitanceji Ihey need have no fear of be-
111K molested Uy the police, bill will receive the same
jouri»«.y and pniti-vtion as any other resident in this
Wc would furllicr caution every liermau and Ans
awail avowal or n
etlm> and ""' B00'' mmm l0 bff!!p|,<' w«'r« ln-1 wnt la nwiillenl liistltiiUoits .or «|ierhl.
i teresli r! In tiie discussion, railing their j Is'k. In vmal i'.in<'. we hope the resolu-
' afiMit'/.m to i*'**:\t 1 Hun wtw-Mfved ;\ tto-i -lud'.»',» n'.V.i '.I.t luuUvi niii i'«-
ii)*i»:in action on the part of the I-edaerjiehe the uhoiIii.oih suinwrt of th«
maiin-K-wineivt. Hut wh«»n I receive 1' ■cotiferetiee KiiHlicr, pie n|«trlct's
the l^dsrer for th«* *anw weeb Iim, fund Is the only one Hist eoald be re-
:':ird. anil found a foot note itt the Uoi- lied niton at nil times to meat such
mm of th* lienor Minei! Sote* ntv- omerKent'kn, when they do occur,
lira that my re-ply   10   "l>ave   Hees j whWi foitun itel>  »«• only on rare
Your* twily.
JOHN' 1.01(111 HAS'
Ilea vi r .VIIiicm, AIIh.
"I'riissianisin musi be destroyed!"
"It is our duty lo civilization to ani.ihilale Mill.
iHl'inlH !"
"dur I'iuhl is not attiiitist lhe (Jei'iuaii jieople but s<'otm>* lliick" would npjieiir In a sub- j occasions,
traiti hmthir not to discuss llie war situation with aifaitist Miiiilary iiuloeiiiey!" |s«ine«t Itmtt*, tlu* matt«*r tti-»n ajipeiir.i
nnyliialy. and do most slroii|rly ndviw them atfaiint       'This war is wnged 011 behalf or the llenioeraey :wl t0 ««'wnf' « ver>- dlff-wreiit eom-j
• Iriiikinir Urn fi«-ly. beeaiise al such limes the 1..11.  ,.r H|i eoiti.iries. tieru.niiy's imdiiclni,"' '''I'^JIii for the first Ume re-r^oil thei
•file m fifteti Iihi himt\ «lo| they may (five utteraiiees      " Ki'iippbon is n standiiiji meiiaee to Oie world!"    |',,jW|»,,| |Hl«*r wiiti a vl** to i*iur«-i
i-i fie it UmiitfM* wliirli. loiiiK <<vi Hoard by suiiu |'|M. Ki,.j imiimI shall not he used for a naval base ii<*« it to tlie l<edK«>r Offiro. an** I then)
i.wi-wdoiis patriot, is ntMirteil lo the military an-; as  ii   hihiiis a  constant   meiiHee to the pence of'- timml that the Bditor hail i«ml rnxmm 1 To th* Kdttor. IMstTld Udier.
,«..ru,.» Mm! e«„M. the ,.,i«r in oi li.e ...dividual »;„rope! ' ,Hr ^^^ »      Vor ,'»«*»««■ '  „ **•' *«f-~f ,«*«»•»« •■ ^ ^
,        ,. ,„,' . ,   ,, . ttrnmi -.mit* |i:t««eife-« wmild hav* r»'«   II, Mnyo Hartholomns In the l<etlitr uf
«-t.„ tt,s ,o,„..,»fte,| the sndtseretMO. I |,Wf ,Uu| ,„.1Hy »,in»bi.' expiv^eom linve mmtr- ^ fN>f)i |MM(tft ^.^ „crBrt|nf iaitmmrr mh, taken tmm tbe W«^«n
Hear in mind. Will Aiwlriati and Imiiimiu felbiw.d in the press and been ultetvd from vnrioits pint- ,|„ rnU^ (tf (H,.,,> wot,(l| ,„. mf^r .„ flarlun, thouttit came to me that wr-
■«v«irk»«rs, this fi<*ht is »fif your fitrhf at till, tett tb/it   f,,,.|„s t,v militiiry, naval and civilian or.iUoiiisU,, m> oi»|Min*n(. iNflnR Hint he stated nln b»i»s >"ou  would l»e  willing lo find
of the master class iu the ivspediv ml Wes in   TIiuhshimN h»ve a -pl^l llw-sw »liiten*.'nU as trill.. .Imicii-Huttirf wUMntwlwc Crow that tow , »iwt to- a few <oo»i»ent» nm tbe wlJ sss--.
vdved. therefure do inrt. hv any «,| of yours. .•«„ ,,M»,^,,i(itiv, of f,,Mm. i»tt*nH,*m     T** „H of att.-b'^otrnny.     A*,iB. «*.» i^Im fUwlrt^^ Waelellsr AmH*t*<> If—
• . .... , ,«•> tmnd* notvnnm, I, »«h tlwint«n*f   "A thoroort knowM«* mwl under*
.Ne n»k ,,t tmtiu mtmmmtmi lor wlial .Iih-s mo.  i   IV„ «t«..„r|v oAvim* n,M tb,*v re,.,dl tb*n* U ^"-1    ^ u^. M M||W M mMi ^ u^Mim  in   .ho.   the  word  <f»ta«'
.•*-rri you m lhe b»a«t i*-o- tli- j.urpu-<e of uotintf 1u»w cJom-Jv they ivil! l'ejgat, ovrr^tititwd <*• »ta»W» ©tf mod, »«■•»• is ni^f«M«r> to ony logteal «nd
Kvi«tv s«»ii«ilile wurkintroian realizes your u»»d>n. ,„p-,,.r,.,| u, stft-cn* the hitler strife. »wnr rm-Brlnjr. -4»«il|liii'"i>i!'f'     ttm I t*,n*ffiK-r f*wl«|+«l taut -. omtihte MmVynln ot modem caiil-ttl*
satil ttmitioti is due |,» an aeetilwtt nf birth whMil |,!IVe imm;\ into historv.   Donlitloss tlien- nm many j»'«" tmor. In t^tamlii* the letter, was J ima. The troe Boetallst It «uoiitl«lly •
,, ■ ,,   ,,      .   ,    .     ..... „i   .    i„ ,1.       ., • ■ 'it .   i ..i    ;... .       in? only Justified, but la :1k- lnt*-rt>sts i st-l*»t»ti»i.    Il«- tm*** kt. enmlytttn ormm
\,Hl i itlil-l imi avoid   therefore to prevent h i/lasl*   Mfll oonHHin* s i«wtwr^ lr«!**>irm«» mnl--r tin- uroiri^-- * «,*..„. ,„, „,.....
If you are after ft'oodn af rock-bottom
%ureH look at our window and you
will receive a Hurprisinjr triiock as our
priceH bave anythiiijo: ever beforo offered
tbe public knoeked-out to a finisb.
■^m^^w      m^   w      -^mm--w*wmwimwtt----W mmmmrmtbmm ■■■^
AND 00001
"-ia. Mi-i-
witn the am hont if*
Don't talk wtr!
Don't fail to report r^ularly!
Dor t drink too mnch!
,.V    ; tl,;,',   !'.      'l',i',U    ',',,.*     ,V,-»',i'Hi''.V>»i»»    ji,
sum that tliis war is ihe end «»f all war*; if m* tliey
.»l<- tin- \ietinisof it delllsimi lis«u wllieli lime alolit
ttill awaken then..
im< if^ted, be artisl very wtmiy la-
d#«sl. If alios i-l lo |jwt In » |>t«»a In
swlf-dff^ai**. bo**t#r,   I   fottbt miy
rntilllie lilion»ereat.ii« warUM-ilisMpiHar.!^*" **« *a«* »f "»* »'»* ««»°w-
... . , .«•   i   -i i    i :..i. t ^_i t „    l»Hit* far \b* indisereUtwi. for »lil>o««h
...I there niiNt Ih- war.   To l.uihl « h.|Hi \*mnl tmt«*tf wf f^ f ^^ m rhit ^tnTihf )ftf(|.
sno-wn l*et*. and ever btofm In mind!
th* law of -mtt-vitlon. Abo**- til h»)
hss a d^HnH-f parptmt". an !nte!ll(tent |
Idiml; a mMe ntm." I
Xow, Mr. Editor, th* »Uov«- is w*clt!
*nd IMly s:at*d. bet the o%ittA nliAtd j
ii '* iif'-.m. tost '*'U!*.'. af.    C-iwvnHtfey.il* j
iir.'iin.i a -mail po.\ selili-inenl would be ei|U«liy «s,l(0(nii ,„,. Um, mf lb#tt „pmi»l«l. *nrljstofiK ih« root* often tnlm th-r sttMi-i
Will lit' Well. h-ffiejO'i.OI-.   ill   slMVilll'   the   pr»»!»re<-«   i.f  llie   il?**-.»l*f i • ,,'„,-* f0 .--iff. ti * -In;  Lit".)! lUCrCh.i u- jtluU bU-Acf.il  Ut« *i.'.lUsl>  *t«l ik* *tlf
Wr i:tn*r-itu)n suagi'si y, fiirh hn'ul jm.^wi«i>,'** fi'o-lli.i liirUtrU'tl ndthvmnn mt* 1« nwil tmurm'ltU" *nu4»y. *»**; ot tbe mm wm im*. ttet is ta tomtv* th*
Thm nn- eon!rihit«»rv f*-ti*M *ri,'*» •* * iim" **** hoB*** mm "
rbrri- tbt't*- nr*- ;tny who <-*.m«w> ttndftr lh***** rfgii\ii-) hhwily »-»»lifli-<"ts
tiiitts fh.it lie ,i.l: v»nte f.oviirti liMther. vvlu. s|»t-ak*' l». the cause of war hill lhe «•»»*' of *'»%**** lYalwn
Kuglish. !•. Iran-lat*- l!».•»»• ms:ri»*'ii.»i»-» lo his |e«»*«-r >- eaitsitiisi is Hi«* striiirtrl** **f th*- |»rofil tnk-^-M li» fiiwlf Wrt;|. ,1,^-j, 3, Mft ^ mmi-r tn r**it »
j -»l^nM tm *Utetjti»n, In <*Ti!-»^ t« ft It
•iif b> Mottitaf'* wait**   Alihwnsih eortu*
Inf-twrni'-l cototrvmeo
i tu.-tvlrof« fur rhefr vrnrm
] fni
fifntim** of -fc^-ifi'jf.'* m ir
1V» n*t tint- mmm** btmn <wttb ottnrt
tbm rnintmoMnt* tAmM b* left oot\
ot eetnMkmVkm and th* butt **ex
mmltM "Smote.
tVft,'r>t tfto So-.'UtUt law* u.*t U LUn
■nd pcwwfttl* ateunty •• w#N,
Wfch n wlloy In our oM Hn*
■otmmea. rem rim en ott rm rm*
tnmmn or ?Mt tli* mttt ot tito
♦ srtb snd rm know ytm'm no*
mtn.   Tbe bent In
t« slwsys tbrnmnr met ««p«d-
sity m> wti«n It dOMn't com
timer, tkmt tie oy nboot ttet
rewnil ot- silww tbuti nun l«-
nrsne* jrira wint tmt romt HalH
tn ».» 'tr,.* nml bavt* It *ti*n*4t*1
b aMbt  flkAS Mi V% S»K
•oli aoint ron rtNNlt
n        riRMiB, e c. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 6,1915.
WmMxitf TinsDistrict Camps
•♦        COAL CREEK NOTES        *♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦-^■-^♦•♦♦.•*
Metliodist Ch-urch — Sunday, 2.30
p.m. Sunday school amd Bible class;
•7,30 P.m., Go&pel service "oy -tihe Pastor.
•Presbyterian. Church—^Sunday 2.30
pan., Sunday school; 7.30 p.m., services by *»u-pi>ly.
Th* usual monthly concert under
■church auspices will not be held this
mon-th so as not to clash with the
work .being done for those -in need.
The fun-enil of the late Tom Mason
took place on,Sunday. The company
klud-ly placed a special train at the
■convenience of the residents. The
■club was closed during tiie afternoon.
,Mr& Mason desires to thank tlie resi-
d-cniB for Uie many kindnesses shown
also thtt company far train {facilities.
The Coal Creek "Moose" turned out
In full force for the social oa IMonday
evening. Pity was having to leave
so early.
A grand whist drive was held among
the members of the Club ou Friday
.evening. -,
.llm M«Clouglilaiul left camp on
Tuesday-, evening en route to the Land
o' tho Thistle.   .
A sipecial general meeting of members was held on Sunday evening,
when the revision of -the constitution
wnn discussed.
The "shivaree" turned out In full
force on Wednesday to give a welcome to a pair of newly weds, from
Slav Town.
Tickets are uow on sale for tbe benefit concert and dance in aid of. Win.
1 Jennett sod family. A good time is
nssured.    Tickets 50c.
Tom Glover returned home from hospital on Saturday last. Pleased to report favorable progress.
The regular meeting of Uie Canmore
Local Union No. 11187, was held on
Sunday, January 31st, at 2 o'clock
-p.m. Minutes of the previous meeting
wei-u read and adopted; correspondence -received and discussed. "Financial s-ick and accident benefit fund
bills were approved aud paid; Pit-Committee's report received. Secretary-
memtoers, Paul Stancel by "name, received a compound fracture of his left
leg, and, other minor -injuries, some
three years.ago, and through a hitch in
the working of the Compensation Act
has bee^flen-ied compensation -for the
last tw<»™iears. He has been dependent upon the generosity of his comrades and friends at Canimore for the
above "stated length of time. It would
appear that the law courts take r.o
cognizance ol Uie sufferings of a human being.
We are pleased that our erstwhile
secretary, Xlck Tluichuk, who has for
sometime being leading the life of a
Bohemian, with the return to town of
his- better half has resurrected his
store. Nick is now all smiles, for
the future, although not revealed to
mortals, has evidently great promise
for Nick.
Wo were entertained lust Saturday
.by a visit from Calgary of a hockey
team known as the Crystals, and/ nre
pleased to report that the latter were
badly beaten by the coal city aggregation. At thn end of the second period
the score was t-l, but in llie last 20
minutes things were "(lidding." Hough
house play was a feature of the !:'.st
period, and when the last two goals
were scored the Crystals only lial tivo
nu'.: on the Jce, the - balance of the
team decorating the penalty fence.
The closing score was 7—1, with
Canmore holding Uie long end.
Robert Tenerfryn Hughes, aged 55
years, died suddenly at Canmore on
January 27th, at the residence of his
sou, Mr. \V. Hughes, who Is a fire boss
at Canmore.
On Friday the remains were removed from Mr. W. Hughes' residence, and
followed by many friends aud neighbors to the C.P.H. depot, where they
were forwarded to Calgary for -Interment. Our -deepest sympathy is extended to Bill for the loss he has
Horn—Wednesday, January 27th, to
Mr. and .Mrs. John Zboyn, a daughter.
John smiling, and „reku rad som."
.Mother and child are well.
Our thanks are extended to Mr. and
.Mrs, Wardrobe, of Georgetown, for
their party and tea served for secretary of Canmore Local and tlie District. President. Bill and Max regret
that ihey were too late for a cup of
tpa.     You want to come earlier, boys!
President Phillips left at noon on
"M-OTHayTBr uuigaFy, to meet-Mr. SH>
Veill, commissioner for the coal op-
(Received too late' for publication
in previous' Issue.) i
The mine is still -working aiwut half
time with the average output of about
eight hundred tons. '
George Taylor is an- inmate of Diamond City Hospital suffering -from typhoid fever.
Since the mounted police station
was .installed' at Coalhurst, some four
months ago, considerable crime has
been brought to light in the surrounding district. Last week Inspector
Lindsay-Imposed fines to the extent of
a-bou-t 1900.
Howard Stuart, who Is now serving
his country, as a marine, passed
through Conlliiirst on Monday on his
way -from 'the Atlantic to the Pacific
Ue was allowed one day at his home
at Kipp. lie reports lots of excitement the last three months chasing
Isaac Whitfield, shot f-irer, met with
a slight accident in the mine on iMonday which will mean about a week
ut limine. *,
Duncan MeXab has been elected to
represent t'liis Local Union,ut the District Convention.
-Robert 'Conner's, recording secretary, lias been appointed to act as
agent to solicit subscriptions for thc
United Mine Workers' Journal and
District Ledger.
JiMiies Walker and Chas. Phillips
have been elected to act as local auditors and finance committee.
erators. also Mr. Wain, manager of the
Georgetown Coal Co., wlUi regard to
the discipline that the boys in Georgetown are getting.
Born—To Mr. and .Mrs. George Wilson, a son. Mother and babe.getting
on nicely.     Dada quite proud.
Tlie m/ine worked three days last j regularly from Feb. 1st, but apparent-
week, which when shared between two | ly Daime Rumor has once more jilted
squadrons does not leave much room
for 'luxuries.
Mrs. Amos has been taken to Uie
hospital to undergo an operation.
The lady who had .been successful
iu doing a little forgery at Michel waa
seen in this neighborhood on Fridays.
Jack Metcalf, the genial mixologist
of the Bellevue Hotel, is taking a
mouth's rest owing to the prevailing
The Italians of this iowh are holding a dance in. the Workers' Hall on
Monday, February Sth, when -a good
tL'iie i.s guaranteed.
i.Matt Mgttsou was injured on Tuesday whilst following his usual occu-
IKition as miner.
Some School Board
That Bellevue- possesses a school
board from which some other boards
might gain a wrinkle i.s evident from
Mm following report:
"School operated during i'.U-l without any taxes bring collected, this being caused by the enactment of certain
legislation making it impossible to
collect sufficient money -to run school.
Legislation passed las! October, however, has remedied this evil.
Amount of money borrowed
during 1014     $20,340.20
Paid on account of above ..    20,114.80
Amount   owing  to   District
from all sources Dec. 31st
19,4   •■■  ?11,1S5.2G
Amount owing by  District
on Dee; 31st, 1D1-I      G.360.38
Assets     $26,541.75
Liabilities, including debentures ($10,070.00)        16,430.38
Treasurer ...Michael Warren was elected delegate to the -*. TwelfUi Annual
Convention to -be held In Lethbridge.
There being no contentious matters
before the local, S. J. Lnuttamus, the
chairman, called upou President Pull-
lljjs to a-ddreas the meeting.. He, the
president, spoice   on"   many matters
primarily  affecting  the Interests  of]
the members of our DlBtrlct,     The I
unemployment   question   leaves   Ita j
troeea everywhere, and it Is most un-!
fortunate tor our organization at tills
sUiue of tbe game. (
The Canmore   mines   aro   working \ "'a>' }as* !1I1<1 authorized to be sent for
about three dnys a week, thus jirovld- i li-"l»IIc:itloii"
The foll-aw-Jng resolution wut'pa-tted
llit a meeting of Taber Local on Sun-
ing sufficient to keep body and soul
together. We dp ■ not advise anyone
to iwy any of his surplus wealth to
the C, P. R, thinking tliat He will bet-
ter liis tot by hiking for Canmore.
We appreciate the adv'ce and warning (given by President Phillips relative to our position us German and
Austrian emigrants.
"To tin- Taber Town Council:
"Whereas Hie Council of the town
of -Tuber has aeen fit -to.reduce the
rate of wages paid on certain work
to ni-tii who me in need of assistance,
n-nd as tlio cost of the necessities of
life are continually liurea»lng with-
out any attempt on the pan of that
The mines worked four days this
week, making six days for the laat
two weeks. j
The Bankhead Hockey Team visited ,
Canmore on Friday, January 23th for
the first of the league series. ; The
score was M—3 iu favor of Canmore.
A progressive whist drive was given
by the Bankhead. Ladies' Patriotic Society, oh Wednesday 27th, in the Had.
An enjoyable eveniiig was spent -by
ed and a creditable sum realized.
The clothes to be forwarded: to the
Red Cross Society, made by the Bank-
head Ladles' Patriotic Society, and displayed in the window of the Bankhead
Trading Co,, speaks well of Uieir nf-
Two weddings took place during
the week-end at the Catholic Church,
the contracting parties ou the 23rd
being -Mathias Unas and Julie Solga,
and those on the 21th being John PieU
rasko and Mary Gorny. We give the
Parties our good wishes, and- If getting
married during hard times Rives a man
a frugal wife, the men should smile.
Four of cur young men journeyed to
Cnlgary ot. the 28th to Join the "so-
jers," and were Accepted.; Bankhead
feels proud of Its boys at this time
when the martial pulse beats high.
Their nanies are Stanley Wood, Richard Moore, Sam Wilson and Hurry
H<>Vrt Oakes wax elected delegate |
to the District Convention. j
The school principal, F. O. McKen-i
na, tendered   his  resignation  to   the i
I board, having hnd an offer with n firm i
Total assessed, value  $621,304.42
Total amount of arrears ..   11,155.26
School Trustees:     	
.,    S. T.  HHMBLK,
(Received  too late
in last issue.)
for publication
The Hillcrest Hockey team journeyed to Frank last Wednesday and were
beaten by that team 7 goals to 1.
Quite the reverse was the result of
H-illcrest's game with Bellevue a,t Hillcrest on Sunday, when a good game
was played by both .sides, resulting la
Hillcrest winning by a score of 4—1.
A large number of our citizens visited Bellevue on Friday lasi wlien a
splendid time was given by the Odd
llie mines worked three days last
Dancing seems to be ull the craze -at
present a weekly dance is to be held
in the Union Hall on Thursday night,
conducted by A. Mar-tell.
A large number of the boys are joining the colors and securing a meal
We are sorry to report 11. White laid
up with sickness.
A story was rumored around, the other day that the enemy was crossing
the border, whereupon one of the boys
went home and immediately cleaned
up his shot gun!
Welcome news reached Cole-man the
latter end of last week to the effect
that the 'Provincial Government has
seen fit -to supply some of the financial oil wp mentioned two weeks ago,
tlmt the Council hqd made application
for through Mayor Morrison and Councillor Johnston, and which they deemed necessary to cnrr> on the work
they had begu.n at thp Bluff with the
object of relieving the distress prevalent in tlie town through unemployment. Five hundred dollars has been
forwarded with the assurance that the
matter of unemployment'will be fully
Socialism is a conscious endeavor to
substitute organized co-operation * for
existence in place of the present anarchical competition for existence.
It is an attempt io lay the foundation
of a real science of sociology, which
shall enable mankind, by thoroughly
understanding their past and present,
to comprehend, and thus, within limits,
to control the movement, aaid development of iheir own society in the near
future—11. M. landman.
Socialism implies that tlif individuals who make up society should, in
their -collective capacity, possess all)
the instruments of prod uot ion, an<f
thus prevent tlu> evils arising from the
present industrial s>stem. lt requires ihat the process of production
and distribution should be regulated
nc-; hy comipetitlon, with self-interest
for ilie moving principle, bul by society as a whole fur the good of so-
rioiy.—Palgrave's Dictionary of Policy! Kcononi}.
The first constituent element of so-
cialiMii may, therefore, be stated to be
a substitution of collective property ;n
(tie great, material instrimiie-nis of production iu the place of private property to such an extent that public
property shall dominate the world's
work. The second constituent element is private property in income1 aud
private property in those goods which
are used for the sake of enjoyment
and tiot for the acquisition of an income by rent or hire to others, i.Mod-
ern Socialism demands collective management of each industry, and it demands tliat nil tlie industries should
be associated together in order thereby to secure perfect Systran, h-annoTiy
and unity of effort. . . . Finally,
Socialism means the distribution of
Income by some common authority.—
Tlie Xew International Cyclopedia.
Socialism is a word having two distinct but related meanings; primarily
It is used as the name of a certain
philosophy of history and method of
Interpreting and analyzing social
phenomena. hi. the second* place,
since this philosophy and method have
as one of their principal conclusions
tliat society is evolving toward a cooperative social stage, the word' is used to designate a co-operative social
organization, whore the means for the
production and distribution' of wealth
are the collective property of the
working class, while the goods which
are to be consumed become the private property of the individual workers.—A. M. Simons, In Encyclopedia
A man who has not studied sociol-
ogy as no more fit to hold office tlhan
one .who knows notlnlng of anatomy
is fitted to be a surgeon.
You will find relief in Zam-Buk!
li eases the burning, stinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, wiih Zam-
Buk, means cure. Why not prove
this ?   JM tOruggUt* end Storo.—
• sur^/*icR i
. ,„ .._.„  body to bring pressure to bear on those
Siip-arintend-eiit Clarke was iu Can- j rtwpontiMIe for maw, and as we don't
more on the 2»tli of last month com-1 know of any bank or other financial
pUttlnu tin* registration of Aliens ln|'.i.--.*tHiitlnu ilet-rcasln-s Its rate ol lu.
the city. He registered sonic flOim-ii j lercst for fundi* loamd in theae abnor-
a week a«o. 27 of whom were rejierv-jnt.il flwoK, ami as the railroads are j ,-f lawyers. Ile is siicceoded as prln-
isis from Austria-Hungary and Aut-ji-skliigior an Increase in freight rates.!,!|M,i i,y Mr. It. McKay, Miss 11. Clay
u-ian and German Pole*. It it estlm-j wliich in turn will fall heaviest on the j i„,|,„*f iKjdwl to the staff as teacher of
a ted that there are 300 aliens at Can- working elans;
more. 200 at Dankhoad, and a small "Tlicn-foiv, be it resolved, Uiul wu
sprln-kllnir at other point* In the Na- consider thl** reduction to bt* an at-
tlonal Park. We have over 200 Au*.' U miit to take ml van ta tie of the al»-
trlan membert ot Canmore Ijoenl        I normal -conditiona to force a rate of
IMirlriK the course of hit nddr-tttt j wage* on ua that may have a bad ef-
tlif l>retfdfeni dwelt, upon the uotwatlty' " * ~*
of it mending or ending tlio Compentn-
fi-tt at  Man*-  Ilium- Unit', and that
.. .. while we nri- iinxloim to nee all work
Hon Act. It neimi* that tht lawyer j distributed n* ralr nt* iKmxlblc lu remit* the fflkl through the workln« ofluar-l* to bourn, vie eroiihritUnllf pro-
lite prowent act. Kvery effort wat be- Met agalutt (lie reduction In rate pei
ing put forth to biflutneo'thft govern >
tbe Intermediate Department.
Itorn—Januory 24th, to Mr, and Mrs.
iiflrdoii-Kerb-ot, a daughter.
The hocki-y gnme between llun-klicad
and llanff on February lw, resulted
lit the wore of H--:i In favor of llanff.
nwnt to obtain for Alberta the net |
fdmilar to the one now In force In
Wflililnitto!! and Ontario,   One of our
hour and al«s recoinmi'nd tlmt a copy
ot tltlt resolution tic tnit to Uie town i    ,„„.„, To >|r „„,, Mr8 „ Mor?1> „
founell of Tit!w, and imhllahed- >« J t«oti-
ilie Tuber Time* ami District ledger," |    ,,;„„,,„ Mimw VM „1(, v|c|)j„ ot
what initio has been a serious acc|>
n-^MMMrann' <!l'nt on w#d,,w<,*>''    WhIW tlm wing
mmKUmmSMmKj im ,(,,, j,^, ^..j.,,*.,!^, ajr |jn^ which
,-,. ml hail frown, If bur«, tlirowlnn %H» ran-
Tbf —mmmmmm Bj-HMtl* of I he trip* full in his faw and
j inflicting painful Injurlet.     We ara
jalail to report, however, flint lie It
prmrmtlnr favorably.
Ow tht* MHt*> dny Dave Hutton rt*
The mine was idle :lie whole of lasL
week with the exception of the haulage -crew, who worked a few days filling ears from the chutes. The fact
that the anniversary of Scotland's
bard was allowed to.pass without com-
-nienioratiou is sn-rely Indicative of
thn I'l na nei st] state of thc cam-p. It
was not-bfCiiuse the hearts of llo-bblo's
countrymen and women were less
w.tmii than they were last year, but
because the want of regular work made
ca'sh less plentiful.
Local Union Notes
A reituliir meeting of this Local was
held In the pioneer hall on Sunuti,-.,
the Uith Inst. Ilro. Dave Thomson in
the chnlr, There were :J0 broihcis
Afi-'i' tiie adoption ol' tlie minutes of
last meeting, the resolutions from the
various locals Intended for discussion
at the annual conference.-were dealt
with and tha delegate Instructed how
to ui t when tliey came before the •conference for consideration.
The Soak' Coiiunltk-e r-tijorteil hitv-
' ing  gono  cuivfiiily  through  the old
*, agreement, which from ill*   first was
j most utiaiitJsfuctory, seeing that rooms
) were -driven acr<»4 the irttrh. and ow.
i ing to such n large number ot miners
.having in im- I he same clime, il was
almost   Impossible   to   estiiri.ue   'lie
weight of coal produced by Individual
or partm-r correctly.   They therefore
recommend tlint lu future the m">  »'»
paid a I'Atd psiie |»er yard instead of
» temiaRe rate, toelnc that Hie nmouin«
i?in> io minem  working  In different
places have to be determined bv me-v
j-Murvment, ill* price* llxcd to Include
j netting of llnitiotii. biillitliiK of chute*.
Jain! living of track, ite
By Louis Joseph Vance
Story ( ) Here Now
See it at
5ty? lata
FEB. 12th  1915
be -made accorildng -to the needs of the
-own. We can rest assured that the
Relief -Committee will see that it Is
used to the best advantage and that.
all deserving cases will be fairly and
squarely dealt with in order that as
ninny as possible who are up against
tt may share ln the relief that the
committee have at their dlspos il. Wc
hear that, squads of inou are tn In-
worked alternate days at the Hluff.
The regular meeting of Local SfiSl!
was held in the Opera House, Sunday,
January Mist. Ilro. T. Haines w;is appointed io rlie chair in the absence «:'
President It, Mor*n:i:i. .Ultimo- of i]i;>
pn vloiiy meeting were adopt-.-d :is
read. Correspondence was received
from the Alberta Federation of Labor
and Becrcatry was Instructed to mnko
a suitable reply, lllll submitted-'hy
auditors was handed over to finance
committee for payment. Correspondence from Council reKardlns taxes
ori'-MTd to In* plac-il on tile, liroihei'
Albert Untiii-skl wns appointed Inter-
prefer for foreign brothers.
A Hocliillst meetii-i will lie lir-ld in
the (i\wr.t House -tm Kumhy. I'Vt-nif,,'
7th at Ji p.m.. when Alf Htuldi'ii will
In* present to aiMri'im tlu- iiu-eilinr.
Kvery body will be made welcome,
The funeral of rlu- Ian- Mrs. Wa!*<-r
Xelson took place on 'Thursday after-
noon, wlien tlie remains were fallow-!
ed to the Cob-man Ct'ineieiy by ilu-|
ai'Miilicr* of the local Iodises i-f K, I'.s j
nud L, 11 L, also imtiv «)»-•* ithli-.i!-J
from anions the public.     Th-' Ceh-j
111 Ul     lot-tit    it.llm     -.-.,!-.    Ml    lltl"lll|,IU-'l-
nn I pluyi-d 'h" l»c-d  Mir Ji 'n Hv.i'.j
ItfV. T.  M,   .Miu-f.iy «.ffi-.l.-;«i{.
A npi'clal niri-tliiK «>f Loial :'«;;:! .villi
Ik» held III the Opera Hous.- on Suiidav,'.
■ i
FibiHMiy Tlii, al ,t p.m.. wIm-ii  l're<t-j
itcnt Phillip* Is evpcclH to !i« present J
Bellevue Hotel
Bett Accommodation  In  the  Past.—
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience.- •
excellent Cultlne.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will f-iflush your liouse from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.   Call, write, phono or wire.   All orders given
piotupi audition.
If you nre tatltfied, tell othtrt.   If not tttitfled, ttll ut,
A scale of prb'-en )i*cr yard for room-*,
It-OMdwayt, |«v^. .-'-•„ won aarecd to!M(, fl(j,|rets tin- metlnR.
and n comttiH.ee appolu.-d to Inter-     A imm mW( ft(,UVr(,n (.u,,.mJ)r)
land Pranl< w ix played on th«« Hkt|o«
lant Friday «v<>iilng, *hcn  Coleiimii
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prep, L. A. Mills, Mansgcr
Mtnu tt la Cart*
vlow thi' niaiiatsiMiieiit with a vU<w to
linvlii'.-; the .vard.iKe prior* ailoplt'd,
•IMm t«ouf*hrnn  wan eUtu,l to re*
p«««.i-ui ihf 1,-oril nt Hit' niuiiifil -ron-
ftr«*l«* io b* hfld In
PHinriry IMti iir«t.
won l»> I woaln to I
M'',•   T'   ,'u,",-,,i,,>    Ulid«l»il,t
l^thtirldji*. onLnwrwUoI1 ,„ „„, M|„(,r,. uo»i,m*i
< Tiii"»du;
Thi-- min* h«n< tttt Imn*h |dl«> for ibi*,    ftM. \, ,<(.,, c„ •.,,*,, r„;jv. A«
...ii. i ;.i:i
On snd after February 1st we wit* make a Spepial Rate
Boar j and Room by the week or month
50c t tynrii
it.50 tt Upward*
imt no -Mikis and th-ttt doi» not m*
Hunt Injnrir* on lilt foirhwl wbkh j |»»«r to be mmh pra«|M«ti of anyOilaK
n»'n>rn|t5it.il Ri-voral Ktltclitu -iKdnu putItloiujc thit vwk. lllgli boiwt www
In. *nu»rt#ln-P:l that tlie min* would work
'I'll-' 111'4''  Il'l II i'f tlVft l/>'.'l IhM fri- , jMBtBMMjiaggaagsaa=iiia^aaiigBag
*«*» we* lartHv ttl«>WitfNl mid trite^ee t
tb* lofM tanitatlc wat lndut«#d In tin-1
ui   t  a.m.   ItK-   l'm<:ii#r  iri*»*k   Ur
i lu»<i,i wae In atl-eiHlanrp.
A m-tmfot-t of t!st' -Ji-aaU-t-i' tit.**
(iln Innd mtnnbcil l»tt week.
Tii' toUamluu btve leti tor IHtMhor
x't*'*o men o*tm «fr*i«*wt for Ml» <JtnJ-
mix'* iwrilci-; i. 11. Wilton. T. Weie,
Lett Allanln. W»llt-f# Riiynor, O.
-f!hN«(i-r. A. W. Shwn. I». Knowing, T,
,Uar*b, 1". Parker and I. (loodwin. Wa
t!»»i tbem tnm royaae-.
Tbt* tt*v lUrt., of rtltl'.'r«!*t, -l/iu tlu-
orrmwni of ihf Methoditt -imlplt Iwre
'"•:' 3uii'T*ti HU JiuUJ«;t-l *** Vo*
T%«» nnialtr inwtlKf of taeo] Ml
will tub*! if*.** on bnntlny next it thl
ntm! boot.    HattirMt of Impwtttnr*
irfll be im»«*f1f»il.    'itemtiert
-™„ tlM bars wmtt fttrntmny
wftktna «v«n a itrong man «r(<m
fell ayWMi la wfritbHl wltk tlw
■NWP   TlWiH^f -Wfl™ *   •W'Wrr 9 *k*H*MMPHW,
Ik* h»*»;  overcomt* tM*
•ffu WHIvflfilw* TllP^WIwiMWH ttt
■wttwwIwWw     -MWriWGvtfW'
in   . A**H AtttAnba.
li*'ld ehplr flrnt uhm holder* wi-^cMiir
Im*i jtun'n) mornlnti   In   Hn-   i»|H-rt
itfiii-.' I'ri'-l-lrn' li n.-nol o< u.i'td
t'ti' r.'iulr. Tli-' pnliili- wori- luvltcif
nnd (b*1-condittoim nml nth* ton-ml»g,\
I .;,,:" ;...;". ; ";;":* v.": , "i
,.„.,     jifV-l'j     )„,     , ,,,',    Yl<„--,.    *,*'.  *!    1V|;«-  ,
tln-y K-fll -iln-lr pmn!* «•' t-ntt tirtrf »lift I
.1 «nu»ll in-m'-nisisi iiid««d io (fiu«ri
niiinlnii enpennoti.  i mt- itiii-fio-torv!
,,».-. t   ti
ilriMidy ovi-r l-V* iiH'titwr* in ti:i» nr* j
»t»«ci*rn. j
Tin*   lux   I'lo-niri*   !<lio!*   <lMiiit<d
hsnd* rt»!« <*tib wb*n T  t*«rtiy«bfi»M
.n>»j|fij«.,t Ibi- r<»»i«oiitiltil|lP-i* iii'iHl now1
Ih»M b% Mr llfotnifmi
•Th* Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockerj, Boots and Shoes
Flour! Flour! Flour!
Tlv nln\"*' bt* t"',,i'.ht *..
twnlf-n for bin iiuiturr tn
but fontht om- for !ilm-H»lf
SliVtim* tor kttltng bm not » »toL**r
to provldn t-mptoyin^nt for tb» M'#.
twrnn to tn* tb-p motto of tnpHtlh-
For lowest prices
on Flour call or
'Phone  25
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
The Store Tliat SAVIS You Money ;.-',/-'
Page SIX
Parker   Williams   Scores
Attorney General
Parker Williams charges that Domipipp Trust
Was passed unconstitutionally
VICTORIA, B.C., Jan. 26.—Seldom
have ibe walls of the legislati-v© chamber runs to a -more deadly indictment
-than that flung at the attorneys-general
yesterday by 'Mr. Parker Williams, Socialist member for Newcastle. Mr. Williams charged that in the matter of
Dominion Trust Company Act, the
measure which enabled the company
ta take the moneys of depositors without proper guarantees of security, the
Mil mas put through -without passing
^the stages required by the -eonatitti-
tion. It aught to have come, said
Mr. Williams, before either the private
bills committee or a committee of tho
whole .house, lie was a -member of
both -committees, und he was quite
sure it had come before neither. It
had -been dealt with in Conservative
oaucus only, an unrecognized and secret -oxnnrittee, and had- been passed
to save a -split in the Conservative
The galleries were crowded-, aaiid Mr.
Williams' impeafch-meiit, while heard in
silence -by the members of -the legislature, was cheered b> the assembled
public, the speaker threatening bo have
the galleries cleared.
Mr. C. E. -Ti-sdaH, Vancouver, follow-
ed Mr. Williams and the Premier -moved- the adjourn-menlt of the debate.
.Mr. Tisdall presented a petition to
Incorporate the district of West Vancouver, and private -bills, as follows:
To -amend the City of Vancouver
Corporate Act and amending acts; to
extend the city limits of North Vancouver; to incorporate the Anglican
Theological -College.
Resuming the adjourned debate
on the address In reply to tlie speech
from the throne, Mr. WlUia-ms brought
to the attention of the House a published -statement, quoting the attorney-
general aa having stated to a committee of Dominion Trust depositors
that lie bad- allowed the house to pass
tlie illegal aet authorizing W. Rl Arnold -to take deposits in the Dominion
Trust Company rather than -bring
aibout a -split in ithe Conservative party
an-d wreck the government
"It was stated that the honorable
geniftemanJhgid endeavored__-lo __stou
tMs crooked work which gave the
Dominion (Tnust Company ithe right
to fleece the people by opposing the
bill wihea it -cainue before the members
of the coanmnlttee.
"1 want to say," Bald -Mr. Williams,
"tliat tho Dominion Trust bill never
came before the members ot -this
110*196 ln any committee. There Ib
no aucb thing In this House at a
finance committee. The only place
that tho toll! which sought to -a-mend
a bill, passed by the federal govern
event, if you please, could have come
up waa either before the private bills
oommHttee or tho committee of the
whole-House. The honorable member
from Nanaimo and mysolf are fortunately mombere of theae two commit-
toot and at no -tlmo did this Dominion
Trtwt bill eome before these toom-
n*ittx*tt, and the honorable the attor-
ney-general know* thit It so, and if
ho ntnien otherwise he knows -he la
telUn* aint la not true.
Doubly Unconttltutlontl
"Tba honorable attorney-general
-didn't tell ihe <-ommlUee of deposl-
lors what I tell you now, -that the
Dominion Trust BUI, w.hi-ch permitted the fleecing of iumooetuts -and
which was passed by this House, was
doubly unconstltutionaly.
"First—It never sa-w the light of any
committee and -second, it presumed to
cover a matter over Wihlch this government had no Jurisdiction. But the Dominion Trust bill did -come up .before a
committee of this house, an unofficial
committee, a committee which hais no
status In or out of the -house—a caucus
of the Conservative party. Here is
whew the Dominion Trust bill cairoe
up and every .member of the house,
save probably the attorneyigeneral, ais
he says, were wonderfully in flavor
of IhiQ passing of the -bill.
"In this caucus, which te as secret as
the meeting of a Masonic lodge, the
Dominion Trust bill waa discussed'and
it had to be put upon tlie statute
books of the province 'illegally. Rather than jeopardize the interests of his
party, the attorney-general, upon his
own confession, allowed .this Iniquitous bill to go through. This was the
work of the man who is sworn to
honestly advise, so far as the law 19
concerned, the members of this legislative asseon-bly. This is the -man
who lias taken bis oath to be a worthy
adviser to the cabinet of British Columbia a-nd to the lieutenant-governor
of British Columbia.
Ought to Resign
"When the DomiMon Trust Act
canne up, where d-ld the honorable attorney-general stand? There was his
duty to this house and to the people
of the country and h-Js duty to his
party. Upon his own acknowledgement, these duties clashed. What
stand did he take? He took the stand
a dishonest man would take. He
flung his dut yto the public overboard
for the welfare of the party and thousands of penniless, homeless people
who were caught ln the Dominion
Trust and all the people of this province suffered because he did not do
bis duty.
"Plainly there is only orife course tor
the hbnorable attorney-general to fol-
jlow   nrnHj>r   Hipca   t*l i*many*leiTU*eia. (md.
the duty which falls now upon bis
-shoulders is to relieve the legislative
assembly of the province of British
Columbia forever of his .presence.
Honesty, decency, the traditions ot
parliament demand that .he place -his
resignation In tho hands of the lleu-
At this point the galleries broke out
In- wild applause and the -speaker
threatened to have the serg-earit-at-
arms clear the house.
This was a time of party truce, according to Sir Richard, Mr. Williams'
raid. He observed that it was -ouch
only in those quarters where the McBride Government wat being nmi*V.ei.
He himself haa been libelled by one of
the newspapers aubBitiited -by this gov-
eminent and he was of the belief that
the effort* of the Tories were, und-ar
the preaent circumstances, calculated
"bo make the British Umpire anP Implement of ipoiltlcai warfare." Sir Rich-
nrd had aald that the preaent em*
»lon would be short, and hit fond hope
waa-than the oppotition ahould allow it
to become a love feaat.    They would
use the war as -a cloak behind which
they would hide the results of' tlie
wlCd-eat .methods of the M-cBnide administration, a government, he declared, which would have the people believe today that ithe boom was -still
upon the country.
Mackenzie & Mann
They were afraid; said Mr. Williams,
to -appear upon a public platform, not
a -minister or a member of the government .parity had the nerve .today to
take t-he platform and .try t-o explain
away the conditions which too much
fraternizing with, Mackenzie & Mann
had brought about In British Columbia.
The government hoped, apparently,
that the people would pay no attention to the manner in which things
were going. This would permit iMr.
Bowser to bring ou a "nice littel election -upon about three weeks' -notice."
The iwiar was on, said Mr Williams and
no .man hoped more ardently than- he
that -the outcome would be favorable
to our fences. This hope was: shared
by the others of the ibnty men in the
House in the .prime of manhood. Yet,
he observed, tlmt they, 1-lke himself,
and tine late Mark Twain, "begged lo
be excused" from going out und flighting—this with but on-e exception, Mr.
Foster, of the Island. He twitted Sir
Richard for recent efforts to take
over the command of the naval and
•military forces ln British Columbia,
and -assured the House that he would
make no reference to the German
conn-ection with British Columbia. He
thought, however, that between the
Donnlnion government and the home
governimemt the naval and imiWtary
forces here could be directed without
the assistance of Sir Richard, i-mper-
soclatton had ibeen- -paid out of the
public -purses.' It was -*no)t -the sum,
said iM-r.-W-iUlanna, ivd'thie principle.
The 'Law AaabciaiMoh'Tas the law-ora-'
trade union aud the people were not
•enfltl-ed to pay Mr.-Bowser's membership fees therein.
He declared that,, if % -copy of the
public accounts just .handed down
oould: be got into .the haroids of one-
third of -the people of the province,
that upou the record for last year the
MoBpfcle government would not last
thirty daya. The people, if they-were
familiar with the manner in w-h-ich
the revenue of ten miK-io-iv dollars- of
last .yteteir was frittered away, would
■rise up. in rebellion. There wa's a deficit of seven .million dollars and -more
The ipiublic accounts had been so' cooked up, the speaker declared, that it
took the average man -a great length
oftfinae to -make them out.
Moratorium of 1913
He referred to -the fact that in 1913
the attorney-general had declared! a
■monatontum in this province for the
land -specuSators and the others who
iwere getting in on -the public domain.
These .were the anointed of heaven
The ]K>or man had to pay his debts,
but the big timber specula-tor and- the
mau with ten thousand acres of the
land's of Mils province was not cabled
upon to pay hie.
Crown Administration Needed
'Mr. Williams taunted the -members
of the house -for their absolute lack of
-manhood iii -humbly following leaders
whose designs were contrary to the in-
tere-sts of tlie people of British Columbia. .The way that the counitry had
been exploited was one of the greatest
outrages in history. If the people did
not awake to a. realization of the plight
in which the province now finds ItseOf.
Mr. Williams d-e-olared, what with the
unennptayimient now existing, wRhi the
fraiu-d -and corruption which is proceeding under the protection of the government, with the albsolute lack of •moral-
It}'1 on the part of the officials who
were entrusted with the highest offices in tlie gift of the people, it would
be necessary for the British govem-
im-eut to appoint au administrator for
the -province of British Columbia and
ais Hgyipt and other colonial pogees-
sion-s had been governed, so -might
this province be handled for the common welfare of the people, many of
tiire did hot look any too-good "for the
province, Revenue -was bound to
(hop dtainig the.jpxt -few. years, toe as-
serted, aad .he ;'lieliev-eld .that, apapy
eoonopj4es should be wortee-i- . A? the
goveiji^nt' was -unable to look aiter
1W own aiffladre properly, they •shiauW.
disband the expensive-municipal de*
pa-rtan-emt iw-Mch had been created" and
let. the miun-rolpalitjes -mind_-thedf. own
business! He would recommend the
out-ting ofthe forestry department and
t-he -firewa-rdien's depa'r-tm-emt. He.
would dismiss ma-ay of tihe thugs who
madle up the provincial -police and! let
these men go ito -work. He woulud
clean out the ipartliaiment .bulld-tog-a at
Victoria and -cut down ■salaries.
The new wing of tbe buildings, he
sa-id, imig-M well bc utilized1 for the university, now that t-he professors had
been .hired and au expensive abaft under contract was loafing through th-e
negligence of the government There'
mas ample room in the new wing, said
■the speaker, ond the university -plans
might be proceeded with if this building were -utilized,
Mr. Tltdall
Mr. C. E. Tisdall (Vancouver) continuing the delba-te, gave-A summary of
tbe present position of the province.
He was glad to hear from the lips of
the -mover and seconder that they had
such fhiin faith Ire the future of the
country, indeed, he did not see how
it could be -otherwise for they repre-
sened one of tlie most fertile -sections
in the country. Not long ago, the
bulk of the muilk supply of Vancouver
had come from Washington state, but
now it all came from the Fraseir cal-
ley, and he was glad to -be able twsay
that tlie amount of butter, prodvtoed
was very encouragi-nig. It would' not
be long before all the cheese needed
in Vancouver would come from the
same district. '
lie noted that reference was made to:
legiislattoii aimted1 at giving a measure
o-f,relief to.ceptain of .the debitor claaa.
This was a master of particular interest to -his^-ponsnituency: He re-grattpd
that this-.legji-slfl-tion.ki stkr-^quarters
had been "called a moratorium, invoking the law to- interfere between
contracts always .b^tX -a bad- effect, -suggesting that -conditi-o-ns were, not
eoundl - -For years British Goduim|bla
had beeii a growing -country and any
interference -which" might effect the
public credit would be harmful;
TORONTO, Ja.n 30—A'special cable
to the (Toronto World says:
. f'SAiLJSBU.RY, Ettg.,- J^P.V80„—An
order was issued from camp hsad*-
quarters today -saying that* no Canadian footwear will be worn iby men
when- tihey go to the front, as the
boots have been found to be unsa-fcis-
. (This is a decided knock to the
"Made -in Canada" campaign, ibut as
there are many who do manufacture
satisfactory goods, they remain under
the ban because the general public
has no means of discriminating between those who do sell good shoes
and those who do not. The way out
of the difficulty would be the fullest
publicity given to the culprit whereby
innvocent.manufacturers-would ibe freed
from suspicion.)
After 'having stripped America of
beef in order to, sell it to the *fisht-
ens of Europe, the packing trust now
"threatens" to quit sending .meat to
Europe unless Uncle Sam will assure
it that the belligerent nations will not
seize the cargoes., The thing to do
Is to Imprison the man who attempts
to send an ounce more of food out of
this country during the war. *
seem to be absolutely helpless, though
iu reality qll powerful.
The government had recently made
up -statistics of the agricultural production of the province during the
past year. These statistics, said Mr.
Williams were compiled by- a certain
statistician in the lands department
who never ventured from the top o!
his stool.     Ho is a very wise man.
- TT~mvictiiiiia—
ial as he was. Referring briefly to whom are today starving, jet who
imperial matters, Mr. Williams declared that the beslt way to make British
Coliumibia a part of the empire of -some
use and service was to make die country self-supporting, to produce some
foodstuffs and to -furnish honest employment for the tens of thousands ot
good -Britishers In the province who
were out of employment.
Much-Traveled Premier
So Ar_g&^lr_4tj<A,^,ij;*a-^j'y-^'ta-'.ff,!*i.
in behalf of the province in the Old
Land were concerned, Mr. Willisana
said that "If the Jail gates oould' be
swung upon those thugs who were
robbing British Investors In British
Cohsmbla," it would be better for all
concerned. Sir Richard had been do-
kig a (bit of travelling, he observed
from the -public accounts. Sir Richard had ■spent $5,840.40 on railway
terwa, according -to the rcturrs In ft*
public accounts record. 'Mr. Wil
Hams estimated that at ten -centa a
mdle this would have enabled the .imperial prime anlnitter to travel three
timet around the globe. At two centa
a nulle. Sir Richard' might have had b
return trip to the moon with thia
money and hare had a thousand dollars to Wow in while clrc-umnwI-sa-tlnR
that planet.
Mr. Williams charged from the records in the public a-ocountt that the
attorney-general had been api»roi>riat-
lnr <o hia own im the funds of tMa
province. He referred to the fact
that the feet of the attorn-ey-tewem!
for tntim-berahlp of the Barriatora' At-
Quarterly Statement of Coal
and Metal  Mine Fatalities in B. C.
4-re your l|finds chapped,
cracked, or sore ? Have ypa
"co^d cracks"-wh|ch -pp-whand
bleed when the skin is drawn
tlgltf? -Have yo\x a coWi-sore,
frotj tyte.or phybUlns, which
at timet make-? if jigbny for you
to go about your duties t-Itto,
Zam-Buk .will sive -you relief,
and will heal the frost-damaged
.akty.   ",,* . •i , ,,,--;-:/
. Mt^ff B, Strojpa, of Eapt jjgari*
ford, N.S., "writes: "My. hfuids
were so badly chapped I wis unable to put them in wat-ir? All
remedies failed to heal until I
tried Zam-Buk, Perseverance
With this balm completely belled
tlie sores."
%»«-B«k he«U.cuti.burqt.brnUct,
cur«» cctcnxi, pile*, chapptd.hindt.
cold aotttt; tte*x Hitat, ana all akla
<ti«etie« sad InJart-M.   R«tuM tub-
siituMia.  AtaUdruvt       —J	
$<l^bojf. • -*
Killed underground-—By ,pioW||« or
drilling into unexplod^d powder, I.
1914; 3, 1913. By prewatiure blasts,
5, 1914; 1, 1913. By goqalng or suffocation from i)owdor fumeis, 3, 1914; 1,
1913. By falling In chutee, -raJaes, wln-
aee, etc., 1, 19-14: 2, 1913. -By itolle of
-ground, 3, 19-14; 3,1913. By ratal*? car*
-and haiukige, 1, 1914; 2, 1913. By returning on unexploded shot, 1,1914; 0,
Killed on surface;
By -falling off trestle, 0, 1914;   1,
1913. -By slide of -rock ott quarry face,
1914, 3; o, 1913.   By aerial tramway,
1, 1914; 0, 1913.
A Study Year Standby
For sixty years Dr. Price's Cream Baking
Powder has been the standby of countless
housekeepers who have relied upon it for
healthful, home-baked food.
Dr. Price's contains no alum or lime phosphate. There is never any question about
the absolute purity and healthfulness of the
food it raises.
It has stood the test of time. That is
whv the best Informed housewives will use
tw other.
Iln DDTri^C
but no -government agent had ever
called upon bim for -statistics nt to
produce raised last year, and he was
unable to find through -the whole ot
the Praser valley one -farmer who had
given a single figure as to last year's
prod-uotlon to any government official.
Fltherlet Output
Similarly the output of the fisheries
had been estimated at 115,000,000. Aa-
Btinring thit -to be true, the government
have no Jurisdiction over fioberies further than that they charge a tax to
fliaheroien. It It wefll If the fisheries
returned 115,000,000 this year, aald
Mr. Williams, but air Richard bad not
put the f!eh la tho-sen.
BrHlsh Columbia, twld the speaker, had struck the roclct In 1913 In- July
of that year, when all -municipal worka
had a-topped. Yet to this day the
the -government had made no eOfort
to help .matters. He had not the time
to go thoroughly into the public account*. There were a few example*
of the manner In which thiwtt had
boon waning, which ho had boon able
t> pick up after a caaual g'uiuin
throush the occoonta. More monoy
hnd been expended akraady on ihe p-o-
poaed uirivertlty Umh waa otnnmory
to atart a ourflclentiy lane unlveraity
tor our romparatlvajy amnll piimla-
tion. The lion. ftr. Yoon« wat rrl-
tlclted. Dr. W«ttbrook. the Lead of
the oolreroHy, waa doubtlaaa a tnry
oopable own. tt **• a oaaa, botrotnr,
where * * forty hortepower profaiaor
vat betnn hired for « twenty horte-
power InaUtntlon.
On* of tbm 4uma In the gnMte no*
wtmn told of the •xp-Midlwi* of MU
on tneldentala. N'o tomtom mn
ttrallabte to tliow bow or where or
w&en thia mootry wm apont. Shoo
liw*t la anothor part that ted coot tte
amtaowat Mi.W. ftt worklnt at
on aOMMiMtowt -rwooUaolooor, It. tr,
Wwyamrt had cl-wned np In one ymr
IU37.M. Mr. I^irtt. of Yale,
etfHiNi«l an on *te ■*»• Him of
tte tkiy tmm of $3tC«. ,
I' One honorable nmrtbtr omulnrod on
i ^*mwm*   a^mwamnmw a^mwwwa   amwawmamw^aw   wrt^mmmmttat ^Jamr   wmn
'te IwifciK -mmwtmtm mtU4 M«n» tf
ha watery far toot ymr fWli ml t%-
i paoota fttio, nwlimf • total of oxter
j tbtbt tor ono ymtn -tfftwt pew<*owtnf
t wf»»i teW!ir»*i*!i, mntr tbm tetl-
j nem of telnf a member of pai1fami»»t
wna a profluMt en* Mf MR pooplo.
' •*«.', *":'.:.
** ***.** *90*99i*   itmtt^i.,,^.9i*
1 I t'at *•***»' y*e^ %*'!**• *t tfi***^*- -tie* t*t\
\ trtrHMot ntjirninHi. fl*twf«« Sir fttrli-
iard. Wo Mt«4a, etrll oerranU
{wmiviw ooaai
I ttero te4 teen Mown n en rtront oar
,,,* „,,n*.r,„ »«*f,,», M-.ji.r, tea* 11 ***r.
3 99^^* m^* ad aiaaaM   fl-^^^^i^M.
k anWw-BIWw   *tmmm-wr  wtm    ^rb^^m^mttmia     m^^^i^^^^oi^mt^mm^^oo
i ttm ttmttm »te ombei tm erown pm-
•center wte« tte olrtte
ion. hMomi tte tefovMn
; iten fSMft M Ms wort ot Vmmmm
| Wlllll
i" l^WWmwW-mt flfWHIWI HIM WWW
ta*L* atmM jnntn om • ntlo
wmtr*t^mt  ammamm  amonmmtmwr   w^p   *^m  ■vf*r^
j of tholnilM
I wt& . |B   j^N^mm'  fmr 9
tbo to*
Compiled  by Thomaa Graham, Chief
Intpector of Mlnet
tTihe reports received from the District Inspectors of Mines and f roam the
operating companies show that tbere
were four (4) fatal accidents in and
anound the coal mines of the -province
d/unling the fourth quarter of ithe oieor.
Coal Mine Fatalities In Brltlth
aibout the coal -mines of B. C. for the
fourth quarter of the calendar'yeara
11)14 and 1913:
Month                       1914   1913
 «...      1        o
February  v
'March   4
April  ;.. i
May  3
June   ,. 5
July     5
August ";*	
November  ,
December \.'	
Total ,
Total number of men killed' In and
sibout ithe coal mlnea of B. C. for the
calendar yeara 1914 and 1913:
Month 1914
January     1
February     4
March    3
April    I
July    l
Atifuat     3
September    1
October  ..
Novonrtier    1
uecoflckhor ••»,.,.,,.•««««*.   y
iltotal .................. 17    3?
Number ol mtn WHod In aod about
tte oni «lneo of a. C, for yonr 19H.
nnd the colllerv'where the toddem
oocurred.       ; '
Canadian Pacific JUllamyi Natural
Itotourccii Coal Department, Homer:
January. 1: FVbrunry, 1
Crow's Ncot Pant Ooal k Cote Co.,
IXd, Mlftel: March, 1. Ooal Creek:
ueceawor. a.
OanodUn Colllerlaa (Dunamirif) Ltd.
Cmnterfand: F*broary, t; April, 1;
IvAy, I; Soptombor, l; Novonter, 1.
Waatem Fuel Co.. Nmnlma; Man*,
I; Auoutc %.
rtttlittoa Cltatlfltd Aooortflni to
*« Ctwot:
KUM nndergroand—By folia of roof
und mb, 1,1914; 11,1913.   By fatta of
conl, i, I9M; J, mix. Hy «im mm
and tento** •. 1914; t>, ilil. By ro-
tamlnt on ntexploded ahot, t, ttM; «.
Illl llf clectrtctty. I, 1914; 0,1111
Total: 14,-l»H; tt, UM.
Killed on Sorfaro—III -eo-to-oren
lanr, 1.1»14; fl, l»11Br tei«a-rtoo*»r,
*, 1911; 1, 1911 tiy mb-mt, b, 1114;
t, Itll
KMtel in Hhtft»--Hy mm, I, lilts
0, till By -rollopee of oenlfoK «,
tttt; 1 1*11   Hf falMnf off tertet
1, 1914: o, fill
**,,.* *t*
The workers ot Europe am -paying'
an awful price for "attehdtafc to their
work and lotting the men wtUb a property ateike in the country; ma tho
19    -13
Name ot suSne. where aoddent occurred: RaraWer-Carlboo, W-eot Kootenay, 1; War Eagle, Weat Kootenay, 1;
Hidden Creek, Oaaaiar. 3; JeweliDen-
e»o, Boundary, S; Centre Star. Weat
Kootemio; l: Rawhide, Boundary. J2;
N-lcleel Plate, Oaoyoos, 1; (Monarch,
Boundary, 1: Granby, Boundary, t;
Britannia, Vancouver, 2; Golden Horn,
Ymir, <l.
often follows a hard cold or
cough because the lungi are
weakened trom inhaling Uny
particles of dust, and because
tha work without fresh air.
otoRtthfttlnf Itad-tonic thnt every
minor notdo—ita noarianlng power
makeo thf blood rich nnd adlre; It
peculiarly ttvoncttena lha Innga,
mnkoo healthy flaah nni atnmg
nuwlta. tmhit on S00TT8*
DO you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character!
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
•f^n f^^y(^« ae*t^*re*l term *fo* fV«-'S
trtrt 1n«p^«m of M1fio« and rram ttejtt
epamtlnc coatponloa ttew ttet ttow|fl
wore no Mat ntalinnn In tte*awNrt*jl
mlnto of tte prortneo dwtat ttejl
tt*m**i* •ft«**»#-> nt **>* ft-** 'tt-
Toul nwnter of own' Idila-i' bn md
oteot tteoMtnl nrtnoa of B. C for tte
fourth ifoartor of Ite jwnr:
Month 1*14   1112
Wwoter * ..'..'	
-jf uii. m 1
!.»«««i.ii«-r ,        H
I       Teiol  ..       »
If you want really high
class printinje-the kind
wc always produce-try
us with your next order
tmt*, 1-M4
tam    Mm
..   I
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B. C.
4.**W*B<*Wl.*M».tiWo.**0'W.T--    wMmHUp 1/
iw> -A< -.*ak. -
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc.
Rocks and Brooms
Best quality only
In great variety
Hardware and  Furniture
t, 'Phone 37
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
B. C.
A. Macnell 8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Ete.
Officea:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lav/e. Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
' Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef/ Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
Try our Qambrldge Sausages fer tomorrow's breakfast.
Z < ll-ii-A "-S-I
By George Allah England
We Are Ready to Scratch
jft you- bill any item of lumbar not
found just as w« represented.  Than
is no hocus pocua tn
This Lumber Business
When you wat spruce wa do not
4-eud you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber wo don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
•js always eome again.    Those who
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phena bt'        Wood Street
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
l»r> Goods, Groearlm, Boot* and
Shoes. Gents' FurnlibtuM
have not yet mode our acqiualntahsa-
areUking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought tbelr lumber
— Dealers In — .
Lumbar, Lath, Shingles. 8aah ana
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnlnga, Brpckata, and Detail Word
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson avo.
Opposite G. N. Depot P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
If jou could see, as I have seen, the
rottenness and' horror of capitalism,
ami the beauty, strength and hope -of
the Socialist ideal, you, too, would bn
a Socialist. If you could see, as !
have seen, the IniCTedable atrocity of
our great city stums—the welter of-
vice, crime, -poverty and degradation
crowding oiu-r. tenements and overflo.v-
dng into our police courts and thrusting their way dato onr jails and peni-
t-e-ntrfanles and ..madhouses, you, too,
would- be a Socialist!
If you could see the vast and growing sweep of -poverty across this
broad land of ours; the tottering of
the -unemployed)—asking merely the
chance to be exploited—against the
brazen gates of capitalism that will
not open to their cries; if you -could
stand, as -1 have stood, at midnight on
Broadway, iln -bitter winter blasts,
watching the sunpHants in the bread
line as they tremble with eagerness
for the dole of bread and coffee; If
you -could fathom the black despair
in these men's hearts and in the hearts
of the -women and children cringing
over th© dead ashes of what might
have ibeen home, you; too, would be
a Socialist!
If you could read, as I have read,
the statistics of tuberculosis and other
•poverty diseases; visit the hoslp-ltaTs:
listen to the life istories of the victims
of our imodern Moloch, capitalism; if
you could see, as I have -seen, the
raging, -ravliug, screaming -maniacs,
the feeble-imin-tied, tihe lunatics in some
of our .big tast-M-utions, all sorry products of our insane social -systemi; -if
you could- watch the sad- army of tho
sisters of the street on their nightly
rounds, seeking bread and spreading
horrible diseases; If you could realize
as I realize, that, all this Is part and
parcel of capitalism, never to <be done
a-waji with or abolished bill capitalism Itself, the unclean thing itself,
is done away with and abolished, you,
too, would be a Socialist!
If you could know the vast and Increasing army of -dope-fiends, wreck.
-Ln<g themselves and the country .with
thils terrible new curse, driven to drug-
addiction by the horrible stress and
torment of modern wage slavery and
kept iii it-r-Aye, even the very school
of the d-l-rty dollars It yields—and if
you could realise and understand, as
I understand, that this, too, is one scab
oh the -sbtokln-g and .putrescent carcass
of -oajpltallam, the beast, you, too,
would, ibe a Socialist!
• lit you could know, as I have known,
the story of West Virginia, of Colo-
last word fs a Krupps'gun, a shattered
city,' a pile of raw and bleeding fragments of flesh and bone—things that
once ;were men, brothers, fathers, husbands, sweetheartsS sons—I say to
you, if you could burn this vision into
your brain forever and lay hold upon
its meaning,'you, too, would 'be a Socialist!
If you could learn the hopeless putridity of the old parties, the graftings
and sShiftiug-s and comipromisirngs, tbe
tinicklings amd subterfuges, deals,
steals,, and chicaneries or conventions
and' elections, betrayals of trust, subserviences to -monopoly, lip service to
the people anil belly sen-ice to the
masters; the frji alliances cooked up
In tlie buck rooms of saloons, between
vice and politics, between the run:
shop, the brothel and the ballot box;
tlie Incredible corruption of it all, the
hopelessness of ever cleaning that Augean stable, you, too. would be a Socialist!
If you could see, us I have seen, the
white light of a new ideal burning clear
through all this weltering fog and
■miasma of foulness; the splendid self-
sacrifice of the millions of men and
women, comradies all, laboring shoulder to shoulder with no hope of reward-
save to serve the right; if ymi could
know as I have known how this new
amrn-y of the world's emancipation has
lain down,ease, comfort, money, even
life Itself in -the supreme sacrifice of
serving the proletalre and advancing
the night; If you could glimpse the
splendor of this vision and this ideal,
forging onward toward the, better day,
you, too, would be a Socialist!
lfi you could travel Into other lands,
and see tbe same spirit, of co-mrade-
phlp at work there, and grasp the
hands of men and womerl speaking
strange tongues, yet working for the
same goal and answering to the same
•name of comrade: if you co-uld feel
this new spirit quivering round the
globe, Instinct with life and hope, pregnant iwlth vast and potent possibilities
-for good; If you could know that this
thing. Socialism, is the only hope of
the world, you, too, would be a Socialist!
If you oould- realize the swift growth
of this thing, the Invincible forces driving -It on- to victory, the inevitable triumph not iter removed, the certainty
that shall emerge from this present
horror; If y«Ju could see and grasp only
the little t have seen and grasped,
tread a .path such as I have trod, and
understand it» ending; If you would let
me tell you" the'truth, brother, sister,
friend; If you would listen to my words
nearin-g -death, with high -upon, a wall,
a kindly statue of the Virgin Looking
■(Bowm u-pon t-he scene, and in. the centre of the room the stove, the ridiculous puppy and the one-legged boy,"
Such a description will clearly show
to some, who little knqw .wjhat £lnd
of work is now .beinig carried- on by
the Red Cross Society behind' the bat-
low this one. Tbat wall he the end
of all -wars;
All .this -may seem trite, but it -leads
up to the question we want -to ask.
What do you know-about Socialism-?
Do you know enough about it, so
that if all people were like ywu there
would be no more war? Are you
Quite sure you do?    If you are, then
tie line andi how .necessary it is for the  what is your first duty?
society «to have all the available material necessary for carrying on the
work. All kinds of medical supplies
are needed and these, as well as comforts ftw the troops and cash contributions, will be warmly welcomed at
the headquarters of the Canadian Red
Cross Society, 77, King Street. Bast,
Toronto, Ont.
tJy Joshua Wanhope
There have already been a Uiou-j
sand million words of all sorts written j
about the war, and there ;will be ten J
thousand million more written after- j
And If tliey were multiplied ten thousand million times again, they would
not save the working class one single
pang of suffering -from -it, and they
would1 not have the slightest effect in
preventing war from occurring again.
And .we Socialists add oiir quota to
the immense out-pon ring. We over
and over again- Insist that the fundamental cause of the war lies in the
c-coiicBnic system, in the capita-Met
mode of production.
An-d we say that if the people understood- this, there would have been no
war. That is*quite time, but saying ft
is of no particular value by Itself.
The capitalist -system produced the
war, but -unless the majority know it
aiid Know it sufficiently well to.act
upon, the knowledge, the knowledge Itself is of no use.
■But to know that, Is to know Socialism. If a hundred million people had
known Socialism and known tt well
enouigh to act upon It, there would
have-been on war. "
True agtain. And If they know ft
after this, there will be no war to fol-
Why, to teach others what you know,
so that all -may learn how to make war
, And if you don't know enough, iwhat
theni? Why then, your first duty Is
to know more about Socialism.
That is what w,e wanted io say. The
great, the pressing need for all of us.
"is to know Socialism; to educate ourselves: to keep on learning, for there
is no limit to knowledge. -Never was
that need greater than now.
You can talk from now until doomsday ubojit the -war; you can argue and
wrangle witli >our neighbor about it
unfol! the crack of doom. You may
take any side or no side or all sides,
but It,.will make no difference. The
I war will continue. And there will
- be other wars after It ceases.
The thing to do right now is to lea-ra
all you can, and do what in you lies
to teach otliers all you have learned,
and to do that, you will need ever to
learn more.
If there Is one tiling more certain
than another, it is that this war has
demonstrated clearly -how little the
mass of us, alter all. know abovt F-o-
ctalism. We can throw bricks at
the Germans, the-English'and others,
but they are boomerangs tha-t come
back and hit ourselves. We inaj
think we know what we would liave
done had we been in their places, but
that Is after all, only conceit It is
doubtful if we know one whi' more
about Socialism. than they do..,
So while the war proceeds, -the one
great and pressing duty of the occasion Is to learn aH we can about Socialism—we can never learn too .muoh
—so that when next the capitalists attempt to tii*rn tlieir hell-blast loose, it
shall not fall u-jioii us, as it assuredly
will if we lack the knowledge—which
Is power—to frustrate It.
Directory of Fraternal
The Power of The Press
By Robert Hunter
I    Think of this thing, more precious,
  j more powerful, -more enlightening than
Have you ever thought of the power;all else, owned by the enemy—at least,
of tire press?    This thing you have In | all -but owned by the enemy!
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock tn K. P.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. -McNichoIas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at ,8 p.
m„ in K. P. Hall,.
Xobl£  Grand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Alello't Hall second and third Mondays In
each month.
John M. Woods. Secretary.
Kern-le. Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. In their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, .1. Coonibc
K. of S,, U J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddlson.
Meets  every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., in IC of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Mosea.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace- Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second aud fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
W. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
n. criohtox. w. m.
J. SHILLING, Kee. Sec.
PBiiwwiwSBSSragBgSBS'BcagnffM wr idfll
and to tbe words of all the vast and;
Bnt unbilled with the lieut Wine* |
Liquor* and Cigar*
rado, ot Pennsylvania and a score of (growing army of emancipation, you,
other industrial hells: It you -could
study, as I have studied, the labor history of this ln-nd for the past 20 years
and Interpret Hn Inner -meaning: if
you could behold, as I have -beheld, the
wangled, -maimed, wounded and dying
\4ctluia of a perfectly insane soolal
a-narchy: if you could know what militarism stands for and war stands for,
and grasp the (art that capitalism's * Sodnllat-s!—lA^pon! to Rflfcaon.
and sacrifice. It and the ballot are
the two -mon". important lights Uia-t
imniltlml has wrung frcm tyranny.
too would be a Socialist! i    ThInk of it;   Tbls thing you ;have
You will see.   You will hear!   You j  '»  >,<>ur  ha"nd«—thl*  newspaper—Is
will understand!     The time la ripe,;oonot the greatest .'powers   In   the!
■brother, alster. friend—no need to de-        J
lay.     Open your eyes to the light
Let your ears receive the truth.   Our
mosfapc is fu:- jau.     Remember this;
You neu! .«•", au.I we need you, and
thlf world In travail needs us all, na
With The "Red Cross"
In France
Dfalotft Cannot Be Cuitd
4i»««9 iStimntlhetat. Ttm I* tmtojg*
m*t Hi* mnt****, nm thai M to -nwMJiiia»
:JuiiLT»t A*mm***iVnimj* t¥ «i»f <*»•»
ran*,   ttnm t*h f■*• t* tit**** t** ***• •
•tt«MMf 'tama* ** tmy**t**t
il » *lui-ilr ii**** I**-*!**** > t-x w**1*' •*i
Mi** ill MmmmUm cm H Mm .-sot *m
tin* ttm mm* t* U* tt*tmntmMtlim.nimt*
tat nia i» ommt*4 ■mmaim* tam* «« «|
*%•** atmSnjfymtmk **** b mMm bat
mJ*S*»**4 •*•*•»>* *tm* ms*** mat***,
w.moxt*** m* tu**n* tmm tm**?**m
tt'ttttttmm ttant*4\r*^*ttl,ttm mnmfm
tat.n to tutr* curm cut*.  omn| *• mm
lm% *N*' r. t. mejfRT b m., tttanm a
*M%r wammt*. .
tma mtn tmmtr rm* ft*
HP   m^mmm0wtfm^^9 ^J^^^yi1*
n   ' -W aiaia
Fomie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., LW,
BottM 6tNt i SpKWty
In order to *how what kind of work
la being done by tlie IM Crona Soc'Hy
ln Prance, mt excellent report ii,i*
beeu prepared by bit Frederick Tre.-
en, the emtnent «ir«»on, who recently
your h-XiiilsTias cosTmany "a~preclous |    You -have this i>oor thing ln    your
Hfe- hands.    It deiiends upon you whether
Hat-tics have been fought that you'll, will live or die, whether It is to
might read It tonight peacefully by j roach one mllllou or ten million. It
your fireside. I depends upon you whether It wlii be-
ltlsoneof the; "rights" won by'ilood ton>e a K',e«« Instrumem for flghtog
our battles. I»oor as it.is, -it Is a
Kjmbol cf that which Is our sole se-
curlij i.s n sovereign people.
It iiii:i>{ be on guard,  'U-ir3Bt<*.v,ttdi
out for us.     It must report the truth
to u*.    It must warn us of danger and,
\%'orI*l . j when need be, call us-to action'.
' , ,.    . !    Will it fall?    That is inconceivable.
Aiul now ,-c.u ask yourself what use. fof |f thjg <h,ng faUg( t}m ,„ <>|g<i
jou are -maUing of It. . fa,u.„Amw1cM 8oc,aligt,     ,
With it you can do anything; with-  ,  „
cut it you can do nothing. 'Mark that! j    u*!(1. u ^^^w*^ Wjt],Mt  the hj
'Ihis U no poetry or fine writing. Tlii* j |,0crlt<y.
Is "n tfe-rrlble fioil's fact." I ^,	
* *, \
With thl* in Uie hands of just men, i    If a -man asks for bread c.ii;iluili*m
Injustice cannot live.     With this In ] give* h!m n jnll m»ntence,
the hand*' of honeat mon, dishonesty j                         ——
can never get a foothold.     With this'    Tlm imrpoiw of armament Ih not lo
In your hand, you have nothing to fear, i ytreterve peace, but to maki* 'pdeces.
Your battle against wrong in all btil1
won, ', ' """ *-...-..**.	
Hut where   art*   your   iiewiijMp**!**?
Have you thein- io light your battle*, |
or I* it the enemy thnt wHil» ill-p**
mlfthty Instruiii-nun?    And If tiie enemy only has great newspapers, have |
not your forefathers, who died to win J
you till* inertn» ot cniHiiiliMtkui, li:iv»- j
they oot dleA In vain? '
Why die to win rlithw for mankind:
if -mankind will not make uae of theni j
w'.ion won? I
"Thu Intert-ata" hav«« uri it uew^pap-'
I.i      itiiUl   UI,C   iii    4.-),'I    i,.    Kill;  ».*->,,
is not the only source
of severe wounds and
injuries. However
caused, wounds, cuts,
bums, eczema, piles,
skin diseases anderup*
tions arc most quickly cured by Zam-Buk.
List of Locals District 18
Htm* ** Ue. ont P, O.
jp. wimittar. 'mtNbmt, Mtn
mttm Ctmn\....,....,.i, Umgnno. mom* Ot*, tbt Placer. Ada.
,....Jaawa tOorfca. Mn S$. Italiaras. Alta.
,,., W«. Attbnr. Btatrwrn, AIU
-Hh*irffi<> T r. ilnantm i»**»«t(f»rr  nit*
Cai*«a*lt...  I. UUobnM. C*rbo.4al.. Col«u». Alu.'
OiiiMior* .,.....'... Wtbont Worn*. Oaanwr, AKa.
Oalaiaa ..i. tbbnntoo, (olta»a. Alu.
Oartte... R. OatWtt. t*#rbla, ae.
... p. ffmrHtata,tihiawfc Mlwt,c%nmtrt«,Alt,
,...Ttmn. tmm. Feral*, fr V
,,, luann Mor»*«, VTne*, Atea*
. ..MaHk tetgttf. miter**. Attn
. I. vwm- mi *f-iT. mmmm, .*. I^atUHMf*
BliMaiafc   -m^^^ii^j^^    j'*^HAW*u|g.|*uM§     Hbm
r m * »nwi •'•rTiBB"««^ imnni am-
., ,*T. u* ItorMMta Pmt^mmi *&*>
■r rfc^ tai  w.-^j   \ib4j» n.  r»
r v *»   PMwwPI'fW     Wttfmwmbt    -JMBHWr   ■*-   1**-
o * * Aw  ITBHWwiWH:** TUMff nMk
Jaa. Wmtntrnt, Ttmrtttrt, rb^nmkf Mamtala
Hon**, A!fe**m*.
W Wwwttm* ****m-*-****0**¥t
fnnb,.... .. 	
Wfl'lt f WW ********tr****
trnvtmrn ttmmtm
Mm'§*M WMIf-.«■> ■* ^< » * .#««
mrnmi-tm ** .-....-*.■   * * * *■ * *- *
tnbm.... *.......».»
ttmmmow*. ♦
■ HwPWw
penMlvoly iKlmlulstcrH! and the very
w«at»«t boon to tSbe poor fellows who
re*ch tbe ba«e after n loita and ex-
lutuistitii jounif v.    ,
lu *|iealtin« of the hospital amice
motto an eittenalra tour of Inspection j «ir FriMleriek mya;  "1b(« efflcletuj
In tba ulacaa wbw» tb* aoctety now of,he volui.tary Ho»|rtt«l depends upon
haa boaplUls, antbulancea, ete.    The i m thc n.iltn.blllty of th« bnlldlna for
famouf aumeon f|wah» In the hlgbrat j h(M|itt«l iMiri»*ei;   (2i th«- quallflca-
temaottlxe memtbat wort l^lur don* ; liu<iA „, Vm M,4J(JJ ^^^ ^^ ttJia
Iny mines and doctors and nhow* inintntron: a«<l -Cii th# fr«*dwn from Uy town and haflilft In rlil* ari'at rwinJry
lantuaite thait apeaka, Tor Itontf how I i„n««*•«.       ,\!plj*:rij;  tlw-**.-  <r!Jc-:ia     <>«' 1>*V<» <'H' P**?!* newei*t*i*i-r**   '
«oa«Mlal and Imttoftnnt la this branch j to the boapltal* In queatlon I would     Th* thing you have In jour h.uul I
of til* ae-wlce, j -Hutui* jj, B|V(- thr- flrat place lo the Is »ome?hln« of that kind.     It i* .ni-j
'*TIh> Rf«d CroiMatornt at ltoilognr."|lhnSit!« of \Vr**unin*ar's lii^luil nt ^mk, iina<frr«d, U*i«-#urv*«l,     it i,t
my Ulr Predwiek. 'Nil* contained tn 11«» Tomtwl     Thl* hoaplui ocawpl-wi m«g#-d nn4 out at. the tw*.     I: *:uf j
a mm bulWIua dose to the town »ta- j tin* famww i s*ii»o of thi« plsitt», » build, n, • along but, mv itoneblinl lrl.is-1.
tkm.     Horn ere diopo»od In tlie moot i Ii»k »!imukir.> well milt. U tor hoipl: il
■pert**! orsl"'' mm' hnmlnNt* of tons juirpow*.     It -luntaUia 2T« Iwd*.
cf Hid Ctonn nul tiHtliejil i-ouif-iN-U, ]    Uir t'reitotlrl* ao»»on to*-i> iltat fit**
ekKliln,    lobspro,   ocr<wm«,   tlr*   **• • ItrlfMi  b«*i»fl«l  oeinplf*  tlu-  Hotel''
(ingtuMlcm booHittl aiwtlanc***. tam|M.' lb>ll#> Vn*- at IVt-n^r. u«   wl thl* bnn
iknfvaa. tpoon*. cupn amt Inflnti* va*s Ibi b,*ttn     II.- remark* il-nl !!>•■ lmM
'rttty of nrtlchm wh'l-rh «imi» untVr tWiliia I* ttot vi-rj a«*if «<iiia'*4 u-,r i h«*.
I h<«itln« or Heb €nm •mn>Mf»-    This : i»Kal. ,-ili:«iu«h tli- bf* bnn '»*t'ii bone
' l* n motel ot *ttft*rtey \ *llh It..     It !»• a vt ti i*rft-«; %tti,
> "Tb# fk*'. of mater amlratanwa pm-, -Ininrtmut in m 4-dJoiiiiiit hmmt-. TJw*
j x-Uletl by tin- •ot'iiti) H-pruftiil*, In iu> i Au«;;ai:n; hu:-,>tUl U- t*-.i^-.»bi4 *u
j opltrlcn. the i»oat *ala*bl» rentier run. !thi» liolf lioti'l. Wini-t rtmx. and hu it
ji't'Mil to kbits' a-tftuiy nwiMilifiiil 4i«»iwii,,itaint*vt i, p-riwem IW b* '*,
iln tbo torm of rolrnitarr uM. In • "TM tttlt**H x***<**it.,x ^i v,,*****.."
i l«aaK«»t • ntmtnrr ot mr nmimlstnttr* >n*x* the ••mimr,? rir«n>n. ""ban m*m***1
.-.dun tKutio um.iv au*. Oin imir *.-*»u n»»-uu*u mmy *m*m*unk-*, bni tt *.*
itxot irsuwxttt nw> b» n*yn#*4." |h»w «HI -f-Ma^ltabml :*M w *%eeiknt
I Wit Vft-'-f ikb I'-tW.i'MW >; "hi m*W.* \ m*,-i. t -u.iJ* -aj'it'it *ilh Ite«*.*4.-1
ikm io the motor amtwlanin tbe tto*\ wmn4*s'L In 'In- mwln ward, n Iim
■ clety hn* umm olWr tnm t-itek arm ■•til. i* » SMI* '-*.,-. (•» -. ^4 *■*■•-% m***,*
* m ntem **r*m* m ■ o**n*tt*t* wttrO mm • tm* tt.n tor bun *tf» i* * r*-tnp* Trom
' ib* mmteyoimm of tmo4n: « term nom- ■ \'m**. In m? ot th- ».»»> »i'»«-k*
\bm vt tbem hat* b«*» tent to llw- ao-'Urwii th* nntoit^knit* pint* bl» foot
fr»#*> by entetem* owner*.   Th* eb-mt- a wm t.rmnteA by a nb-tti tv** m n r^
' 'till Ibe limb h«* b*4 l-a lw ami-wwi-
HI.     Il* 1*» W«t «#ll.     Wbat b»*
'"'-.".-i,- -i" ' t > b'v it-ufv-.V..-- '•  ,i»:  '.;-„>i,-.
M* ia iifsbaM)  a*I<»# ta Ik*
lU    ^.    ..99,*.*   ~   *.„    bU^    ,^'*,.     i*.     .,**    * 1**1 ll   M
tm-4 in »m't.r-t r*1ao** trvm Ypt-m »
pn^tftx *>t x*n i»i*4r:.nit**- brta**. He
ww* |»r»bU»fr ibmwn by «wb*» *»ftt*
pmmomt* ami hn* » n* w?i5rb wn.
Wj-I»« 5/* 'i*#i*' irtm 7k*. '^m-ninn mem.] mhen Umy mmtrt-i amaaa; r.•►awi*t***
l*.    ti     i*    '.'l'."1    I*   yt. t'Jti',',      .,.,j,^.,',.x',...i , i..     ..-UtK.'-.U-.lt.M ,     i.. »    *»k«-«l,     «t!WK,.>U|t*-«.l
THIS wiHna madiclna tnt throat and tbttt aitainta^
mtriik a flu. In *v«ry haunt.  By simply diiMbriaf a
pUtuni taMtt an lh* longu*. P?p»eonvty 1 peite* tM valutUt
mtdkint dlrtci into Uii throti. lungi and bronchial tubal; a mtdl-
elntwhich Invt-gorafiitlif w**Xtn*anrt»n* -motti** tnit«««il«n
aad Irrhatfan, loaatnt phUgm, dt-Mroyt -llitiu |trmi, cant
cbroalc dlM»M. and maktu btaathiag dctp and mny* tttt from
all karmful drugo, Vt-pa lull yew* and old alika. -•
m     9tbu mmmtm ^MMnf^AaiM jh^wt dbai sua.   mm^Mm   tmmti tfa^i^b ft^^ajAatfa   -t-*^mm m^^m i>>^^K^ m*MJm
■^M^f! .{PSP^gWgJB^^ffBt JE! tm Bl I«Sm n jfTi ■Sri Wy*1 •■•
0^^^ ^^^nmy ^^^^^^m m^^m (^^^p mti^^^mm^m ^^m ^^^^b -J^^w ^^m w^m •^^m^m^^^wwnm^^^^m b^^^m tHaia
[WU Al Mf  mf
*f«r «|M «*# kind «»-«.iikj 10 drlv*- am
I to tt* Temyom wm M*. K*wi»*rS| Ham-,
'font    *,*"(«   t.twiit.t   ult *ii"        Kfotfiiir''
«trfr#r ei tm* 1* tfc# nirm *t n nob".
,r. *.■ ■     ,,■'•. v..    J.*    f *      * >    *     ■• H*      **    t„  '
. *        ■   I    •    • J9   .      * * *      >•■•■>. ■■■!.■ '• *   ^*^w 919. :■  .
,■•**..,** :k<t*tUKk *»■■   *9i*nt.,,*4 **tXA io*
"ron, t»n, aon|t, tmal »»d b»*tt*r. t»«
:tem. rbeaotnxm nmH rltnteiten.     Tb*]
l%nre***i *tmml**t ot *«xiim|»-» tttt ott »**
*#«fj- %y ",V<* iittt-tl't t.i -t'-.iTyt, '«i»j S,J*^r*
t f, *rt*&    f*,9.    frtftf   r(»f')*l *•>*"•    ^,f*n''ir»,>c*    f      'I '"
I In tta**-mten* mmtmmn l# mjtmm,"       j
■    :'*,r t*«*iitr'.'i Triv** »»>* -i,u ■»> %'■■
\ll*e  etat* tt  tttt *'»€**  mark,   '*»*%-•
It I* th* jiroml**- of #v«rytb-lng,   i}lv» n
iioiirlfhnn-nt, It tuny y*t »ptlt mil-*-: H
wny }*'' twwo*m-i» tli" great cmanritm-'
|^   a**  *m*'-„  <*f  |.nbar  In   -t   '•*"*■
tM*»fitt*nt, -fifttJi<-rt 4 airf fathi«r«*t l.v •:
»M*iig!*v (fifi'-i**      fl   **■*» -if H'r'h '< ■",**-
mm* thtn <i ahrl*1*:, iintilnlr a»«t bid-
»■«/«*, i*X IMimt Itt ill* h-uvH *,t l*.»-*-.
<<-lti in bin r%i»it) km no mor*.
If »ii>ibS»t  In  lb\*  *wtA X** nt*n*.
i'»l« iblim in >«ir litml la ar«*»?'
It In tb* b*fttn»liig «< a ***' woilit:
..,..,,,, 9  »*..-i*    :',-*'   -.   -     *■:*■    -■».-**,*-  ,    **-. 1    ■*■   *-    '
ttntr of wine *
lm *twa en-l ••ar* ar«* -«w!«il **i»* «nrt >
■earn,     Ita voir* I* a wwlal »i*sa.|i
; Tbe »y*n *o0 *ar* n*«r«*« mtnmtninm j f
:1b* wofM tor what yon wont to know,.1
^*,.* ,*-••,*   ^*r*^***.*  r-'iff**. *r,  , v.fi    -it.'**   ' * *
■ tb.« w«rM the »**a '
Tftromtb ibi* ibiaa-, ani <w»vy tbrotxb;,
iht* thlaa, iw >oii ktw*   th<* tru'«
I about iiolltit     »tt4    (wain. »>. nb-mt, ■
iwetm**, tndbmtrv ar,4 art, ab«« fr**-t
ibom. JuatJ-c* and ■ietmrrnry. nbmt Vt**)
. *>fA**ll.    Wr9i    Vlltt.I*-   *t   ...Ili    »-*,«-».     it   •  tl
world, j acrtk*.    ,t«4 It I* tb* -twtJi, «•<« fr!*w I.
wn*t  iiif  itirtt* niintf  »nt»*   ■mtn* yw
%"<*»»     »}'»-     MH     t*&    **•%      1' ■ V-...I
fcuair ontv wba-t tb* * m-a*^ wuut  vuti
to k»o* ar wbat *»«»p*» froua th*m
.3D Jt>JJ>.
,-.'    0*C
Once Klten—Twice Shy.
A4vtrttttng may make • poor article ael! for b
while, bat tli« moat pcrtittent advertiaing would
not induce you to make a second purchase of a
thing that turned out to be fraudulent, and Ute
profit on the firat tale wmiM never pay for the
Do yuu not think ihe «nb«m*er» know thia?
They fully realiee that the very flrtt essential of
fttKt-tt* 1* to have *omethin|{ worthy, aomtttitnf
that people want and will keep on buying.
If you see a thing advertised regularly week
after week, year after year, it it safe to conclude
that H possesses actual merit and is well worth
itt coat.
mt Wrmartt!*. "tb*
1***tort f«H off »"••*.(
•till o*rw*irJ»*e
wMft-wailwA ir*
'"   wound*:! tour,.
rnttb !fil«,. *'-»,
tb*f oositfsl tk»* nmnrn ei ©it. *:"* * r
it;ti*t  hex   'hi-  hiiit nt  •<*  »
,« 1-0, «*tf *t*f »t *%9hit ;*««•*..
remammmrae *ami
*IHSS' ifl!
^> jW-wniw itm <mmut.'itui,\rKt4mia^9»i
Dry Goods Dept.
Underwear 25 p.c. Off
One big Special lot of Ladies' anil Children's knit
'Knderwwir, including ladies' and children's vests,
drawers and combinations in all qualities.
Pay Day Special 25 p.c. off Reg. Price
Heavy Wool Mitts
.Made from a specially selected yarn; extra warm
and wel) finished.     Shades red, brOivn, navy, scarlet. Saxe-blne. black and white.    Regular H'ic.
Pay Day Special 25c. pair
Childs' School Stockings
These are all wool and extra strong .knit; just
Ihe thing for mngh school wear; sizes "> to 10.
Pay Day Special  30c- pair
Kxm< Heavy brown Blanket, in a big size. '.Regular $1.75. „
Pay Day Special ..,*.*  .. $1,10 ?
O *-*
Kimona Velours
lit  pretty  floral effects.      Kxtra warm, fleecy
'finish and fast washing colors.     Very suitable for
dressing gowns, kimonas, ete.
Pay Day Specials 20c. yd.
Cretonnes and Art Sateen
■•• These come in stripes mid floral designs and anv
fast washing colors;y-xxii the thing for cushions,
curtains, draperies, etc.     Regular, 30c,
Pay Day Special  20c yd.
in a softi fleecy finish, specially suitable for ladies' and children's wear. Conies in a big selection
oi' stripes, also pink and pale blue.
Pay Day Special 2 yards 25c.
Plain Flannelette
Full 36 inches wide and absolutely free from filling.     Makes splendid night dresses, knickers, ete.
l'ink. sky and white only.
 Pay Day Special  ny2c yd t_
$15.00 - SUITS - $15.00
Special Prices on Winter Caps
Men's winter band caps in assorted tweeds
with wool or fur bands, all sizes 6| to 7\ all our
caps up to 85c will be sold at 50c each. Caps on
display in our clothing window.
Men's navy blue serge suits in
fine twill worsted and cheviots will
be on sale Saturday and Monday
at $15.00 this will include lines
worth up to $22.50. These are the
regular three button sacks in sizes
32 chest to 42 chest.
■tit      *^hhbk'.'?;»'-,",!"-*:';i:
Children's Winter Dresses; made of fine Serge.
Some trimmed with buttons, others with braid.
They come in navy, red, brown and white serge.
■ .1.0.Dresses for Children from 10 to 12 years; selling regularly tji-1.50 to $5.50 $2.50
11 Dresses for children, from 6 to 8 years; selling
regularly $2.75 to $3.$), for '.... $1.80
18 Dresses for children, from 2 to 4 years; selling
regularly $1.00 to $1.50, for 65c.
Children's Drawers
Children's Flannelette Drawers in white, grey and
lilaek sateen; lined; sizes 2 to 12 years; selling regularly for 40c. to 60c, for 25c.
i    Ladies' House Dresses
A new stock of Ladies' House Dresses in practical styles and colors; sizes Si to 44; good value
lor $i.T5.   Selling Saturday for $1.00
Ladies' Petticoats
Ladies' Moire Petticoats iu black, navy. Copen,
brown and grey; selling regularly $1.00.
Saturday Special  65c
29 Velvet Shapes, regular selling priee $6'.00 to
$10.00.   Saturday Special   $1.50
35 Felt Shapes, regular selling priee $3.00 to
$6.50.     Saturday Special .-, $1.00
Navel Oranges, per doz., ....... ..15, .20, ,35 &    .40
Navel Oranges, per half case ". Jl.^S-
Washington Apples, per bos  -, .$1.40
B. C. Cabbage, per lb. ,, ".     ,03
B. C. Carrots, 12 lbs 25
B. C. Turnips, 16 lbs 25
B. C. Parsnips, 10 lbs     .25
Quaker Rolled Oats, 5 lbs. pkgs     .25
Robin Hood Porridge Oats 25
Boyd's Cream Candy, per lb 15
Braid's Big,Four Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs.    .75
Table Figs, 1 lb. pkg., 2 for     .25
Crosse & Blackwell 's dam, 4 lb. tin     .60
Siam Riee, 4 lbs. 25
Special Blend. Bulk Tea, 2 lbs 75
Swift's Prommm Ham, S to 10 lbs. per lb 24
Swift's Premium Bacon, per lb. ..: 32
Swift V Oxford Bacon, per lb 21'
Ayrshire Roll Bacon, per lb 25
Salt Fat Pork, per lb 15
Roast Shoulder Pork, per lb 36
Boiled Ham. per lb  t..'.    .35
Roquefort Cheese, per lb. 35
Swiss Cheese, per 11).   ...'7 35
Fresh Eggs, per doz 50
Good Case Eggs, 2 doz 65
Smoked Finnan Iladdie, per lb     :12V^
Fresh Halibut, per lb.   12%
Fresh Herring. 3 lbs 25
Fresh Killed Chicken, per lh     .22
f 3.90 FOOTWEAR $3.90
Men's Tan Calf Lace and Button Boots at Cost
Nun's Tan Calf Button Boots, made with heavy
double sole and medium high heel; good up-to-date
lasts, and all solid leather. Regular prices. $5.00
$5.50 and $6.00   Special $3.90 pair
Men's Tan Calf Blucher Boots, in three different
lasts, heavy and medium weight soles, made in all
sizes.   Regular value $5.50 and $6. Special $3.90 pr.
Special Value in Girls' and Childs' Shoes
Girls' Heavy BoxX'alf Blucher Boots, made iu
wide roomy lasts, with heavy soles; a good serviceable shoe for wet weather.     Regular vnlne, $2.25.
Special   $1.76 pair
Girls' Box Calf Button Boots, made on wide -lasts,
with 'heavy soles; good, easy fitting shoe; every '
pair guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction.   Sizes
S_*n_1AlZ Hamlin njuiliui.— 4Q-OS finaiilal   -Sl-TR-Mr	
Money Saving Prices
A correspondent sends us Uie following comments and cut-ting (from the
Liverpool Express):
I would like to say a few words in
regards to "Men who 'won't."
It seema that recruits ara not so numerous as our friend "On Furlough"
think* they should be—parents aad
sweethearts chiefly to blame. Tliey
may be rettponslble for many refusing to voton-ieer, no tkmln. e, great
many more look at -tt In n different
waty, -myself for one.
Tho call for recruits would be eagerly responded to if the young und able
men of England, and her colonics, bad
anything to fl«Iit for. "Fight for
your country!" Ves; the working
man has 911011 -in easy and pleasant
living In tbla oountry! Some hardly
an existence; otberi. on the verge ot
starvation; Uuxisaud* uf jouuk able
men who do not know what a good 1 would Join the Army. Tliey wild they
meal Is; Kngland no butter! j would, but before going to the recruit-
Atter the war iH over, who ts going\[n* oftlc* om follow Wtnt l0 hl" 'Ml»«r
to provlda for Uie poor follows wbo!*"0 *n*ol.iwork »"d told him Ue was
fought to save their Cl country wbol«al»* to •»«*■ The father «l<,:
wsni unfortuttnte enough lo have losti"Wta« J™ «°t0 '»«> rwwltlng offtce
Umb*, or wye light ? lToually It la ti» J"" mm '»» to *"»»* m *>«*>*-
poor, working man who digs itown oa >•<» mvtt *»v* l,fl<1 «>'«*tht-«»Mi
pay day to tho unfortunate standing In j *'m Wloyer will H you m barb
Um wid eolkwtiwr a few cents you '« work" ™* *mn* m°* loW lwo
nmy bom to *lvenot thai you ran : of the other* *biit hi* fatb*r had aald.
nttord It, but humanity reign* among!™0 mmU *«* Ul° x*tm nt ihmi m'
t* I-  liml i-yHlKht.
To iho E'Jitor of the (Liverpool) Express;
Sir,-—It seems nothing short of a
pre-ss gang will make some of the
young men of Liverpool join tlie colors. There Is not the slightest doubt
that in many cases it Is Uie parents
or sweeltiea-f t* who are to bLame for
many of th-e young men not having
joined. These parent* care not whose
sou tfotti to fight as long as Ui-eir son
Is ut home. Tliey leave it to some-
borly olio's son to protoct thom, Thoy
fowl their comrade* are outnumber-
led and are asking tor relief. They
do not care If tbe Germans get here
mi I daughter women and -children.
Ho let us liaive conscription -as soon
nix iKMHlbl.', nud let us have u special
uniform for tho eon»crlp<* so that we
ean ro-o©gnl*e and despise them.
i know of one rase of some young
men In nn engineer's firm In Liverpool
! being asked by thoir employer If they
to another fellow, "Did you get one of
Derby's cards?" The other fellow replied, "Yes, and they can give uno 100
If they like, they would have no effect
on .me."
I am -sorry to say It is the same with
a lot of them. There is only one
remedy, force, and the sooner that be-
possible tlio better.
the poor.
Again, you wlU **-*• others, too proud
H I* a g-*M»d Job Unit aU father* an:
to beg, splint paper*,' tmot iwen, or:*10' ,ft« u,!» on<*' or w<> *«>•«•«»•
oi**r -mtnof artwiU^.
tltt-ntft -iH-atAH<-«ni   before
tin 11 looks on
h«' voiunt^^r*;
11 i,u ...,„..»;..; jl ,iii        i ttm 1,1 it.-.llu
-ti!i*r tu-op!**,* mho hav*   mmn at homu
them* nr* 'b* %mit<'r, Mutrnne** to:*1'5'' "v*m* U4m tn * inTtrh m M,Bhl
in thi* wi-i  ntti1 rr»v«»r«»l with mod"
M!t, -1i;u u too b;nl for tUult* lad.   Tlie)'
Tbe ywm« worianK  num  is nevf-r
<-4ttsK'ei- -i mvUl !.»■ U tK.Jly l-.v*>4t-4. *
tt H* n*Ht* Utr n r.-M-m* In wer** b* ta
prutubO nrhd'-'-iom of tulier* to I.tkt*
imt lKti*<-. no* -tuintaM llit- 1-in* 1«ben
be is n»*diMt, y«*i with jkisi abu»«
s.iiSI r.. hU Wiirmn, in*: *. <-a...4 a
tra Iter to his «»iutr> lu*c..iuw> he do*-*
11 tl -vobiuiswr
wont I '/ke ,1 tn-neli *»»iV(»rr»<t with oil-
<lo'Ji   and   rag* and   watirii-fht  and
..    . ,, i*...)..,.   ,.y,    .«.,.,   mt**m,        t Mtr|   .Ml*
1    - ■ '.   1 '■
iitlier Sail*.
\t»i»-   Itundrt'd-*   of   ilwir   li»lwri*'f»
Iwe anvwermd the -nil, and wbo haa
tik<>» 1 ht ir ptin-t- u«- young wen who
Vo on* to blrne but th- .-omrtry'i iAwn ,,, the C||J, „ u np ta th#
Kkm Tbi-r* tm» b***a no mmy tonn,.„ mt ,„. fmt th,.m. ymtm m«n
shown, bow <m tbty Im- 4-kp*«t«l to ,w T(uw ar<, „,,,„ in Krani,e who
time forward to fijtbt? A »ii*n will MB, rf»!lMinjr mm e* mtoe wttl not
ttm tm n lit- worth lt* irm Thew „,,<)?ft!„, Vm 4a)y ki, m h^ g HMa8,
It no dottbt as to Xbe tbM hiadrawi, nf inrrint. t^m «„„,,„ ttmtO»**rik
-tJermaey ha* fowd m* uwity iu</u u*x* *'w*l»»ri*«l *» >oum*« me« from
bn Jotli **M»lr artnv e* xb*y ran pns-'tVtr «#»rtr*. Im* -Wv ff.ri.-fif trntrmt. r4
<tmty §*t. mnt-blet* r*iiv# !.+iilw| iht<m'."t-t, 1 1, d-mm! ttx^r o*n «Hm to the
iM the flrtng »lw» to ki»p tlwin from i** j m-niltlug offt«*.
ttrnMrnt' I*01* li,tiitiHD*C njtui *t,f .Itottt itorit)* uhf mt nt tbt-tocntnli
tht»f nt Ibin tmtitf WmM it not he* taa'fU dlor* aot go far tttumtb. lis
be«t*r to lute bim sow* emmmo*-l sbooM wtnrt with tbe oiarm Tbmr*
. m*ttrht to il*t*ntl a **iijtry th,it5 Is * far not>l»r mmm »h»n footbaN tob*
mm* nt* nt* w»nh m* iaeTmee ipt*i*!i at p«j«nt ! boot tm* youag
A. fwiow mr m tipion ttnp im ftofnnfuy
By W. J, Ghent
"Efficiency" Is to "Success" what,
in tho old mythology, Jupiter was to
Katuro. The old god has ibeen shoved back, and the new god rules, lt is
uuicii tho sumU stuff under a uuw
mime. Hlnt-e the great mass of Henry
Dubbs must always have something
to worship, and slnw "Success" quite
too obviously 1* a deity whose smiles
wtro reserved for the few, the god-
smiths had to forge a mibstltute. They
have completed lilm now, polished up
his exterior and set him up for worship.
The pulpits praise him, the perlolt-
(ais arc full of bim. We fcav-w "effi-
olewy" commissions, "efficiency" ex-
i-rtn: hooks, piunplitets, leaflet*, mag-
amine articles on "efficiency" ami all
ihe p.trti|iiirrnalla of a cult.
^'KWiclewy'  nwunire  in  money,"
fluiHs a high priest of the colt in a
recent ma«4ii«lli4  article.     lie geewm-
PiUiien hi* i'liap«xly with a < hart by
wlik-h each imrson may check up for
.i.u.,-,1 im- *dfiu\tt* ilt-ins in m* ,nr*
».huI   eWli|*ii*>."      "Ktery   SWai  ot
his test," continue-* the song, "hss a
ii'!it',v value"
lt I*. the Miii-f old tU-ii*:.   Tlie hue
'of money  ivwur.Ia  Is Mti   constantly
'jpfore »he wwshlpper.   Only, Just a*
,».««,»-   ,„lr   jn I m;h>   *!,*> et*  tvmti)   Vt'
J a-t- uifi tht*< itlii,h rtiiiy gel il«' moitoy.
11' In tttit* other rmiiow—thm> tf#ISo*' wlio
j own the land and the toot* ami pro-
cesses of prmlnetlon who harvest the
tion of 2,180, or nearly 13 per cent, ln
tho number of men who were em/ployed In this particular Industry. These
efficient workers thus had ibe -plea-
Hiire of Increasing the -prodwit for the
bosse« iby 58 per cent at an actual loss
iu flielr own wages (measured- by their
l-un-haslug jiower) and of seelivg their
Increased productivity result in the
discharge of one out of evory seven of
their number.
All the -pertinent question* once
asked about the thing called "«uocea»"
may be asked with an equal perU-
ueuce -aJiout the thing called "efficiency." Just what would happen If
each of -the 1,710,590 railw-ay employes
other than general ofKlcere (1912)
should dvvelop an "efficiency" equal to
thai of Uie -average of the 5.7UO officers'? Would all of these one and
iltree-quarter millions be promoted lo
those 5.7U0 lucrative Jobs? Or what
would happen if u workor should dove-
lop io tbe utmost his "efficiency" In
mnkln* broom-sticks or oamMe* or
sweeping street* or polishing shoes?
Would that development brlns him
any nearer the presidency of a corpora-
tion or th© ownership of an -wtfate on
tho Hudson? The Henry Ihibb* might
(Kinder these questions for a while to
their groat advantage.
Hoolallsm stands for ittlllsailon, for
service. The base use* to which (ho
w 11 -1 "officlciiey" has beea put render
I' no longer a term which Socialist*
ciii iimi without qualifl-nation. (n -practice it m««n« robbery moro iieiwUfic,
exploitation more Intenw, th* keeping of the mas* of the workor* *o In-
leniiy at iheir taik that the plektug
of their pockets may tie tnnint on
more safely an I thoroughly. Home of
liw workers imve nlready made tl»l»
illseovfi-ry. Wtwn nivt-ni si>.i»iwfli as a
large -minority of them dlsoover It,
I tui-rt* ut a ii««iitiooil that Ute term   el-
|.<,t»-H-j *H*    -.UlU«     tO    Ut**l*     IKJIUH-
1 ill ti* very d id-rent iron wb*t it now
trif-wm tn the' ln%Kn-w* ft tbe om%-
nates «n-t their retainei»—Api»e»l to
,W,       ft.'***.*'-.,--. *.:,
,   ■■ *9 9
\ official fifiir«« of pig iron production
I In Pennsylvania which are typical of
the result* of "Hflc'-ency." In several
■*mr* lhf» wages of the men |ner**s*<!
from f t ht* to i'i.m.     Thnt'* en in-
et#*i»e nf te per reel W»if the pr»»-
d ii-H ton »i*-r B»aa imreme-i by is p«r
-»»..*»        T'-c   mf   i.r   prniXi.t'tlf.n   »■*.
xhti* ri'duced from $1.25 to M vt/m u
ion. That's • reduction to tlw manu-
itrmren ot it per cent At the mtao
utm, ac-cordlAg to th* figure* of th*
■THternl DtfeM-r bormtm, tbt* em*, ot toot
■nrnttmrtl* *m**i In trmrttlnenr+n'* am-'
III** iacr«4i*«<> by 2A pnt coat. Also.
•Jurtoc this time there «•** n reduc-
The Mucky Mountain K«w», Rocko-
feller's p-ap>»r. has an editorial which
•hows tha? f'olorado mine* bote paid
bitgtr dividends than trer. It m»y
be n Itoikefetler lie in «r*-w to en-
emtr,iiri> »'(w|«, htr» tt It Ut tntm, ft
make* the slaughter of Colorado «m<
•r.i h th: Uitf-rny. of profit tb* mont
iitfiuMott* ihlu* ever kaowa.
A Inemrer n*b» "Who wo«W rote
to lit* In * world whose |ire*f«H«t
r Bt«* w»* •PiUrtiswse?" Woll, is,fltb*r
mm people r;t« for tt ewrj- -rtwn*
they get
The Soolallat -theory ls based, on the
hlstorl-oai aiasertion that -the course of
social evolution for centuries has -gradually been to excl*ud*e the producing
claeaes from the possession of land
und capital -and to eatabllfih a new subjection, the subjection of (Workers, who
have -nothing to depend -on but tbelr
precarious wage-labor. The Socialist* maintain that the present system
(>ln which land and capital are the property of private Individuals froely
struggling for Increase of -wealth),
leads Inevitably to social and, economic
anarchy, to the degradation of the
working man and bla family, to the
growth of vice and Idle-noes among
tbo wealthy clawM* aad their depot*
dents, lo bad and InartUfUc workman-
ship, owl to -adulteration la all its
form*; aud that it is tending more
am! lion to separate society Into t.vo
classes—Wealthy millionaires tin-
fronted with an -enormous mats of pro-
leturliiiw- the Issue out of -whioh must
either be Socialism or -social mi In. To
avoid all these evil* and to secure a
-more equitable distribution of tbe
mean* ami appliances of happiness,
the Socialists propose that land and
capfial, which are the requisite* of
labor and the source of al) .wealth and
culture, ahould become the property
of -society, and be managed by It for
the general good.
Hut while Ita bants Is economic, Socialism Implle* ind carrle* with It a
dwnfe In the polttiftal, ethlml, technl-
ml and enUUc arrangement* and in
utltutlon* of -society wblch would »on-
•Ut'-ite a rttolatUsr. gnsacr prubiblj
than ha* erea tobon place In human
hUtory. greater than Uie tmna'tlon
from the ancient to tho modlaeval
wortd, or from the latter to the esHt-
ln« order of society,
In the flrat place, each a change
IH4, **i*>» tm.**^    ■**•' S*".**m*-l-**f   .*"**   *<***'   f* i**mmi*\m»o   nf<xi ■**»
.'t^iiiuril tin* n-.iivl llHirwifliV' flfffnf-fT:i
tic orpnlaatlon of aocJety.
tn tho okowI pUc*. Soclattam n*t-
urolly goe* wltk an unteKlah or al*
tmtistlc system of etWc*.     The mont
. . *     . I ,       ,  I      I*. , n*.*      ,. r
oletle* wot the eipWtaUoo of tkto
weak by the strong ander tbe ayatont*
of slavery, aerfdom and wage labor.
Under tbn SortaHttte regime It I*
tlie privilege and dut> of tbe atrong
and tal-MM-ad t» om their superior
rare* and ilciier t'lidowmeoU in the
service of thrtr f^kwnwen without d*«-
tliwtJmi of elus* or ti*Mo»i or troob.
In tbo thim ph»ee. flocUUata main-
<«ta tbat under tbalr «y*tem awl ao
other ean tb* highest escellanr* and
tmemy tte rmHtmb in Industrial pro-
dortlon and hi art, wbaren* under the
ptnmtt ttym-m *etmtr m* tbonmtb-
n*m nr* nlfb* nattrffletd fo ehe*fme«*,
which is a nece*a!ty ot successflul com
Lastly, tihe Soclallats refuse to ad
mit th-at Individual -hajppiuesi* or freedom of character would bo sacrificed
under tlie arrangements tliey propose.
They believe thet under -t4i© ivresont
system -a free and liarmon-ioue development of Individual caiwclty and happiness ta fKHWlble only for the -privileged mliiorlly, and that Socialism
alone can open up a fair opportunity
for all. Thoy believe, In abort, (bat
thero ls uo opposition, whatever between So-dafliwii and ItuUvlduaJlty
rightly understood, tbat these two are
complements the one of the other, that
in Soclallam alone may every Individual have hope of tree development
mid a full realliaUolu of hlmtaelf.—
Bncyvtojiedla Ilrltannlca.
By P. H. Skinner
zation and'financing to seo If election
of the party means putting the platform Into effect, ite-^d the -papers
and books of aU parlies! Attend their
lecture*. Ask questions. Gat tlie
"Kxamlno all things: hold feat to
that which.I* good" la approved by
religion, common nexiee and SooMtini.
—Appeal to Roason.
lhe only possible protection for tbe
people is their enlightenment. There
is no *eho-me of (government tbat can
take ihe place of knowledge. No amount of "goodness" In their repreien-
tatdvea can take the place of Intelligence in Uie -people.
Intelligence doe* not Imply a college
education any more than a college •■*!•
cation Imiplleo-intelligence.
Nor 1* intelligence a gift of tbe god*
—moro often 4i I* tbe result -of reading
the pofiara—InteUlcontljr. Tbe people are bettor qualified to rale on tbe
•core of lntolHgtn.ee than th»lr self-
*lH»!Bte.» hMidvrs are to rule on the
•core of   goodno**."
"No one la fit to take part In domo-
rrntie toremn»«*nt who hs* not stttdl-
oA the question* of gorernment; and
no one la fit to ratal over hi* fallow*
.... t .. ..„.,. ,... ...1 * .,..,*, „
j '■ tvmvivnter win* mw wt\v ****** titVii
Yoa ean no more form a rlgtot opinion without having all tb* facta than
ym tnm make bread without bating
•lit   ♦"ho   »»>»r*oi»*f»nt» Xm*   -mi«   -nn
"have an opinion that suit* htm," but
If tbe opinion tbat ratta him I* not
right, wbat Und of a man I* be?
(lo to tba repaWtoiB* and rind oat
whst republicanism la.
Oo to tb* mtmrtnotttti (If any bav*
•urvtvodi *nd ttwl ont wbat progrf*-j
-sttfiiam t*. (
tio to tto* soup kitchen and find nut
what ilwiM* iasr io. '
Oo to tbe geclaltota and find oot
«!i9t »oeial!*m I*.
Tban 10 to tba poU* out And out
bow modi mam tawittmmtly yoa mm
em* inotty tlie -plosion*)* «t ntt parties     Esomtno tb*4r fen* tt
Tbo second meeting of the Pernio
Poultry and -Pet Stock Association was
■held ,on Tuesday Kvening, F«b. tnd,
witb President WIIoor in tbe chair.
iThe constitution and by-la-w*. a* prepared by the executive committee,
were presented to the moniker* for
•{deration and after -being -fully dis-
ouosed-, were adopted unanlmoatiy.
At the Initial -meeting of die aaooola-
tion the election of honorary officers
wx* overlookP't. It -va* aVso dv-cmed
advisable that tbe office of Secretary
ond Treasurer be embodied In ooe
fioroon. Mr. Forbes, «ortgloallr otoot-
ed aa trnwurcr, resigned tbat poeWon
and bl* duties were asanmod bf Kr,
Gate*. Mr. Porbe* was tban elected
2nd vlc*-pre*ldont. Allowing la the
revised and complete Hat of off-toon,
for tbo ensuing year:
Hon, l1ra*ldwit-~W.
Hon. Vice-Prwildent-
Hoa, Vk»-r-nsld*tit-
Hon. VWPresldent—H. J.
l»n*td*nt-~li, li. Wlloott
Plrst Vl«M»re*Idtnt -R. If. Joiw.
Herond Vice-President—J. C. Portios
8««.-Ti«*aur*r~-W. H. tioleo.
Bxecutlv* Commlttoo: Adorn (1,
llunw. tin* KoMotl, J*s White. I) K.
tK«*|*mt»   *•   nHWftln*.-
■Mr. •tt. A. In-wnim b«* «ff#f«M lb* ***
•ortntion tho use of bis bolt Mid bt*
offer bat been grateffully *eoo»t#d.
Topic* of inienmi to pouluryoMO wtll
be dlormwod at meeting* aad tb* bat*
♦Hfns t«miH Hv the -eytier-twwfitwt to*.
Um ttt the Department of AgWeullore
will be *ernrH «nd distrMrated 10 tb*
The next mi-etlng of tb* Aaaoclatlon
will bt held in In*ram's Hall im Peb
K. Wllaon,
W. A, Ingnun.
-A- B. Trtto*
Soeisiist tfaitr R**i«f>o
Tbt raolgnatlon ol Qootf I
democratic leader from tba teglalatlv*
commlttae of tbe Socialist taeUon in
tbe RwlciMUg, bugtvooriaatoraaMr*
ol a sa*v*<ial tat*wat t» ti


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