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The District Ledger Nov 21, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of Distr ict No%18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 12, T**^
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THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
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Judge Carpenter's Report
on Hillcrest Explosion
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The following is the report of His
Honor Judge Carpenter, who was t\\)-
pointed -speciil commissioner to en-
quiro into the cause of the Hillcrest'
Explosion, which occurred on June 19,
of this year and resulted in the dealh
of 1S9 men. The commission iwas appointed by the Provincial authorities.
.The explosion in the mine. of the
Hillcrest Collieries Limited occurred
according to the evidence taken at the
enquiry, at about 9.30 o'clock In the
morning of the 19th of June this y-e-ar.
At the time of the explosion there
were 235 employees of the company In
the mino. Of these, 189 perished, the
only ones saved being those In the
Northerly portion of tho mine, in Uie
workings of what is referred to as No.
1 North Level, where the effect bf the
explosion was but slightly felt.
The acope of this enquiry was by tho
terms of the Commission, to determine
as far as possible the cause and effect
of this disaster. To follow out the
objects of tho enquiry, the possible
causes of au explosion In -a mine ot
this kind liave first to be considered.
It is then necessary to arrive as far
as possible at the actual condition of
the mine immediately prior to the explosion both in regard to the ventilation of the mine, the presence of gas,
the condition of the mine in regard to
dust, and the character of that dust as
regards exploslveness, and any other
condition's that might give rise to or
contribute to the cause of the explosion. It ls also necessary to consider
wbat care tbe officials of the mine had
exercised prior to the explosion, both
in the supervision of their employees
and -generally in the operation and
working of the mine. Finally the nature nnd seat of thc explosion, if pos-
-s&lSf^mist-be-deterjs^n-ei!,	
conclusion" can be arrived at. The
rock formation in this mine is the
same as in Bellevue, where some four
years ago a number of explosions, the
origin of which was attributed to the
sparking emitted upon such a fall, occurred. Evidence was given by two
witnesses, (pages 57, 58 and 199 in the
evidence) tlint tiliey had seen a fall
of rock cause sparks, some four years
ago, in the old workings of this mine.
There is also evidence given as to
the striking of sparks by a pick. Given
a proper mixture of gas and air an
ignition might follow from such a
cause.
As to the sparking of electric wires
or motors, there were three electric
pumps in No. 2 slope, placed respectively one hundred and thirty feet,
nine hundred feet, and fifteen bun*
dred feet down the slope, and the cables for driving these pumps ran dawn
Mils slope. The report of the electrician shows that the wires were properly-insulated, anil whatever llie effect might be from the danger of these
cables and pumps, with the system of
ventilation that apparently prevailed*
in this instance, there ls no suggestion'
that the explosion originated in No. 2
slope and that cause of Ignition may,
I think, .he eliminated.
The question of the ventilation of
the mine Is manifestly one of great
Importance to be considered in connection with this investigation. There
is always a certain amount of gas being generated Irom the coal in a mine
of this description, particularly from
the .working faces, and It is through
the proper ventilation of the mine aad
5. P. OF C.
Regular  meeting  Sunday   8  .p.m.,
when W. B.  Phillips will speak.
FERN IE-COAL  CREEK   BAND
Tlie above band visited the Annex
Sunday Nov. lst and played a number
of delightful airs, which Tvere greatly
appreciated by the residents. Weather permitting, we understand they Intend to make a tour of the iwhafle city.
The members of the band wish to
thank the donor"of $5.00 and also "my
lady bountiful" for the hot coffee.
It is such recognitions as these that
Inspire the players to greater efforts,
and it is their intention to work hard
during the winter months and produce
a musical aggregation for next year
that will command the attention of
the citizens and those who handle the
city finances. Their present headquarters is the Socialist Hall, where
they practice Tuesday, Thursday and
Sunday evening. All are welcome to
attend.—-Communicated.
COMMUNICATED
tHe~proper direction of the air evif-
reals, that this gas ts carried off, freeing those .working places from the undue presence of gas which otherwise
ll,
In general it may be said that with
Uio exception of what Is known as a
blown-out shot,  all   mine   explosions
must originate with the ignition of gas. j would constitute a constant menace
In tb© case of a blown-out shot, how- to tho safety of the mine,
ever, dust may be Ignited directly, and j    The exact details of the ventilation
given dust in sufficient quantities and j system of this mine wero known ouly
To the Editor, District Ledger.    ,
Dear Sir,—I notice by the Ledger
that the question of unemployment is
to be discussed, by the various locals,
and I would like to know what our
members think about the members
only working two days -a week, and
sometimes two days in two weeks,
and who still have to pay their full
dues to the doctor and hospital. There
does not seem to be any dlmunltion in
the doctors' salaries. I .would like to
have other members' views on this
matter. To my mind it does not seem-
quite if air.
Yours truly,
PAfTHER OP FIVE
North Ward, Lethbridge.
.Nov. 16,1914.
The skating season opened on Wednesday afternoon when a large cro'wd
of skating enthusiasts took advantage
"It
of a sufficiently explosive character,
an explosion may result, and a blowout shot, may of course, result <n ignition of the gas. Apart from this the
ignition of gas may be caused In a
number ot ways. An open flame such
as from a match or a naked lamp, a
defective safety lamp, the spark from
a pick or tool, or Uie sparking of electric wires or motors .may be said to be
the most common cause* of tbe Ignition of gas In a mine. A fall of rock
of such a character at will give off a
to the Mine Manager. Mr. Quigley.
and the Overman. Mr. Taylor, and
both of these offlc'nls were among
tli? victim* of the dliaster. Under
the provisions of the Alberta Mines
Act the mine operators nre not required to keep In their office a plan
of the ventilation system of the mine,
our Act therein differing from the
Coal (Mines Act of Great Britain which
makes It obligatory upon the company
to keep such a plan In its office. Consequently there was no plan kept of
oT thtTTine^heet of Ice on the mill
pond of the Elk Lumber Company.
The Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of
Lands was In town for a few hours
this week. William had many callers
but did not stay long.
The funeral of the late Bert White
took place on Tuesday afternoon from
Thomson's undertaking parlors, thence
to the Church ot England, where Rev.
Robertson officiated at the burial service.
FERNIEJTEMS
Monday and Tuesday, "Million Dollar .Mystery" nights at the Orpheum.
"Between Savage and Tiger," Geo.
Kleiues mammoth wild animal subject at the Orpheum Priday and Saturday, matinee and night.
On account of showing "Between
Savage and Tiger" on Friday and Saturday, reel No. .11 of "Our Mutual
Girl" series will be shown on Monday and Tuesday of next week at the
Orpheum,
The revision of the City Voters'
List takes place on Tuesday, December 10th, at 7.30 in the evening, and
if your nlame has been objected to
you must be present to answer objection or lose your vote.
The Anniversary Dinner given by
the Ladies' Aid of the Methodist
Church will he held in the Church
basement Tuesday, December lst,
from G to 8 o'clock.
All persons who hold agreements of
sale must call at the City Office before the end of the month and sign a
declaration that they hold the last
agreement for sale and have paid this
year's taxes before their names can
■be .plii'i-ed on the Voters' List.
Con Keece, Taxidermist, West Fernie. If you wish your trophies mounted well, finished well, and really realistic, give us a call. , You can see
samples of our work In every home
and public place in Fernie and the
district. Charges moderate; work
the best.
Through an omission on our part
we neglected to state last week that
International Board Member D. Rees
was called to attend an International
Board meeting in Philadelphia, consequently he was unable to take any
part in the meetings In connection
with  the relief for unemployed.
President Phillips and Vice-President Graham were in the Lethbridge
ani Taber Districts last week-end.
and Secretary A. J. Carter attended
Michel on Sunday evening.
New apparatus, known as a "cellar
pipe," has been recently added to the
equipment of the Fernie Fire Department. This will be used for fires oc-
curiug in -basements and cellars .where
-the-OKHsary-hose-is- invar! ~a!biy"~i0uirff
Ineffective.
HARD TIMES BALL
Kvery member of the seven fraternal orders organizing the hard times
dance for Monday next, in the Victoria Hall, should make it a point to
sell a ticket to a friend—the price is
$1.00. The money collected from this
dance will go to a general fund which
will -be distributed among thc needy
brothers and sisters of the various
orders, The dance promises to be the
greatest success of the season and
every purchaser of a ticket will get
his moneys worth iu fun. A sumptuous repast will be provided by the
ladies .which alone will be worth $1.00
A prize for lhe best characterization of "Tired Tim" and "Weary Sue"
w.ill be given, while all those transgressing th3 rules as to retipectaibllity
will bo fined. If you desire to aid
the fund, however, you will come in
your best attire. This is the correct
thing for a hard times dance—if you
wish to assist.
JUNIOR   HOCKtY
HELPING  THE TROOP8
The Fornle Junior Hockey Team,
who last year defeated the Junior
and Intermediate Champions of Southern Alberta, decided at a recent meeting to devote half their earnings this
season to the Benevolent Fund. (Much
praise was last year given these
youngsters and it certainly seemed
that the support of the city was forthcoming for this season. Therefore
let us hope that the citizens mill not
be stinting in their support of the
youngsters.
The line up Is as follows:
Uay Giddings, point, manager; Max
Mutz, centre, captain; J. Dunlop. goal;
If. 'McLachlan. cover; -M. Giddings,
rover; Ab. Dicken, right-wing; R.
McKay, left wing; mascot, Wilfred
Biggs.
Out of a total of thirty games In
three years the boys have lost but
one and tied three; a record that is
surely hard to beat.
BELLEVUE NOTES
♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ * ♦ ♦ ♦
The Bellevue School Board appointed Mr. C. Stubbs as assessor 'or this
cerni.
:Mr. J. Raynor, of Medicine Hat, was
visiting his hrother recently in this
Brakesman Fatally Injured
on M. F. & M. Railway
A serious accident occurred shortly
before ten o'clock on Wednesday evening, when Roland B. Goode, a brakesman in the employ of the Morrissey
Fernie and iMichel Hallway, while he
was engaged uncoupling uu empty car
-which was attached to a string of cars
that were being switched In the Pernio
yard, received injuries wliich terminated fatally on Thursday morning.
It appears that the deceased was engaged in removing the coupling pin io
cut loose a car, when for some reason
or other the mechanism refused to
work. Deceased was then seen io step
'between the cars, which wore moving
slowly, and- succeeded in releasing the
coupling, hut in some manner, at present not clear, in endeavoring to get
from between Use cars he slipped and
fell, and one of the trucks passed over
him, crushing him seriously and derailing the car.
Conductor Dolan, who was n short
distance from the deceased, and ;tn
eye witness of the accident, immediately ran to the engineer and instructed
.the latter lo hold the traiu stationary,
and avoid a recoil by releasing brakes,
.which he feared might further injure
the unfortunate fellow. Upon returning to assist the injured man, Conduc
tor Dolan found that he had extracted
himself and had managed to crawl out
from under the car to the side of the
track. Up to this time deceased had
romain conscious of all that transpired.
The ambulance arrived very promptly in answer to the call, and tbe unsfor-
tunate man was removed to the hospital, (where his Injuries, .which were
found to consist of the loft arm badly
crushed and broken, and hip and left
leg also crushed, were dressed, and ln^
OFFICIAL STATEMENT AS TO
CONDITIONS AT NANAIMO
»park upon falling, and which draws j this ventilation system, and as a con-
down with lt a pocket ot gai may also) tnqwnee of tho death of then* off!-
cause this ignition.     Tho mere lisnt- j cla:». the only evidence that-was avail-
M*
'*
I*
tion of gas, however, doesn't necessarily lend to a mine explosion, A
great deal mill depend on the exploitive character of the firedamp, and
the condition of the mine air and working In rcepedt of gat, du«t and moU-
ture.
As regards the possibility of the I interest explosion being originated by a
blow-out shot, It Is agreed by nil the
witnesses that that cause may be eliminated tn the preaent enquiry. AIH
shoti In the mine are fired by the ex-
trainer ty means of an electric bat*
tery nnd cable, and tlie examiner who
alone weaM bave fired the shots In
ilMit portion of Ui* mine when the
explosion dtd ocettr wae .'onnd wi a tbe
firing caele wound around Mn b«hl>
Md Ull battery key In Mi pocket.
The other ttamlner on duty In tbe
wii.o wm ameeg tboee In tke workings
of He. I North Level, ill sf whom we*
■fit.
In thle Mm ao netted light* nre al-
Viwai, tke tent In em being tke Wolff
•afety Lamp, aid these tamps are et
amlwei by tke eaamtnar before being given -em to tke men, and were
•t lit -Mrttag sf the espleelaa ax»
omt*M %y t»m to* rmnlnttt ea iaty
at ttet tha*.   At tta arae time a tat*
ty   tome   emy   beetem   defeeMve
able In this regard was tbat of tke ior
vl.ing examiners. AI tho enquiry a
plan of the mine was produced and
upon It tbr nxntnlnpr* traced nn ncir-
ly n» thi»y conld the dlrntlon of the
air c'trmits in ihelr respective district*. While the production of a plan
of the ventilation system, as Is re-
line ml to be kopt under the provlilne
of the Hr'tlsh \-it would hnvo '«c»*oad
doubt licnn more aatMactory, t think
o-x :he -thole, the evidence of the Ks
■miner* f.n»nt» a fairly accrue
He* of the ventl ntlon system ..* Cite
mine.
By way ef r»Fienatlon. It miv oe
•aid that ifcere ere two entrann*  o
lie lllllercst M'ne, one rail* I »H
Hock Tni.net, leafing to No. I *um
or slope, and to tbe near ilant, and tm*
other, which le eetlgaatei aa Vi. 9
•lop* or alant.    All the eeat from the
worktags above, or rather eeat aad
aaatk of No, 1 riant, ie taken ap
tbroagk tke Rock Tanael aai thia part
of tke mine fer the eake ef conven
Jna lupttete  Gealet  waa  feaad
deal m tk* river edge at Spam** oa
^tmmtmmmwot-fJt      ■MW'WWWBe wWB1 Ml 1WWJ
ta the employ ef A. I* rertter. ta the
tambee baotaes*. «*■ engaged oa thia
tbroa«h tm#re?tr taadllag. •» for U-lp,^^,,,. o^^n   in   ,uofht#ring
plga, aad requiring water, he proceed
The Daughters of the Empire note
with especial pleasure the generous
contributions of Messrs, Kefoury, Rahal, lladdad. Aeillo, Sedawie, Ameer,
K. B. Saad, I*eo Ping, 81ng Chlng,
"Ooe." Wong Ylng and some others.
It Ih extremely gratifying to find that
every nationality represented In our
cosmopolitan population 1s -willing and
anxious to mako a sacrifice to help
the empire In her hour of need. This
In another tribute to British laws nn 1
Ilritlsh liberty.
Tliu following donations are acknowledged:
Mary DoUtra—54 gauxe bandages.
Knox Church Thoughtful Worker*—
2 dos. bandages.
Mrs. iJtne—2 belts, 1 pr. wristlet*.
Mrs. II. W. Wood—2 pair wristlets.
<Mra. Herchmer—2 pair wristlets.
Mrs. Dnthle—3 belts.
Mrs. J. J. Wood—1 belt.
Mrn. Rogers—1 cups.
K. K. Saad—I down socks,
Mrs. Fred Johnson-1 belt.
Mrs. Uphardt-t belt.
Norses—4 pair wristleta.
-Mrs. iMfCosh—1 pair socks.
Mra. McBean—1 pslr socks.
Mra, Carllle—1 muffler
Mildred Mettean-—t pair wristlets.
Lulu uiddlngs—1 pair wristlets.
Nellie Murphy—I pslr wristlets,     j
Edith Kennedy—I pslr wrlstl-m    (
The following donated wool:
A Friend, ltd; Miss West, Messrs.
Yeriuett, I*. R. Uady, Morrison, Shin-
ner, Carosella. Canadian Dairy.
Tkt {laughters of the Kmpire provided eaeb of the men who went in
tke second contingent from Fernie and
Michel wRb kaltted cap, belt, waist,
lets and socks.
At the suggestion of Mrs. Herchmer
tke I. O. 11. K. will speed tea dollars
In tobaeee for tht soldiers, This was
iheaght tke kett form of Christmas
eheer to send to the men la tke tret-
ehea,
Sunday evening, after the church
services, the first of the philharmonic
concerts in aid of the distressed of
the town was held In the Isis Theatre.
The program consisted of over a dozen musical selections, which were ren-
dered by a ten-piece orchestra. -Mr.
Geo, H. Stevenson, who Journeyed
from Cranbrook for the occasion, rendered two boIos which were heartily
encored. The orchestra was also repeatedly encored and cheerfully ac.
c-ftpted this appreciation of their efforts by the large audience by giving
additional numbers. At the conclusion of the concert, Mr. J. J. iMartln,
on behalf of the Relief Committee,
thanked the Philharmonic Society
and Mr. Stevenson for their generous
contribution of talent for the occasion, also Mr. O. M. Millar for the use
"f the lois Theatre, and. hat. but not
leaet, the Fernie citizens who had attended In finch lame numbers. There
will be another concert on Sunday
evening at 8.IS, In the Isis Theatre
for ll-e same object.
The dloy Scouts' Dance, which v,'s
held In the Vletotta Hall Mcndny evening was well patronized and a grand
success, The lads proved themselves
royal ontprtnlnem and the tmislr wns
furnished by Carries' Orchestra. After
refreshments were served the bugler
sounded "fall In," and a squad of some
twenty lads answered the call, and
under the able direction of 8eotM Matter Hooper they wero drilled for fifteen minutes. It was remarkable to
sen these young lads respond to the
commands as quickly and gracefully
as a company of trained soldiers, and
tliulr efforts were heartily appreciate
ed by those present Hits spectacle
was all the more pleasing aa tne boys
were clad In their now uniform.*, and
great rredlt is due to all those In eon-
r**wtt*n w'.Ui tht oxgaziiS4iioii ol tbe
movement In this city.
At the preliminary Investigation of
J. Mallekl before Magistrate Stalker
Wedaeaday morning, who was arrested earlier In the week ta connection
with a supposed stabbing affray In the
Rnsilan quarter en the complain of
Nick tlamerosik, who posed ae the
•let lm nf the knife. It developed from
the evidence, however, that llamoro-
•Ik bad not been stabbed at alt, hut
Uitt he bad been the sanreMor and
had started the quarrel, and during
the conflict hnd fallen, hitting bis
heal en a psil »t..1 . utiins It.     Bub*
Wm. Creighton, teller at the Union
Bank, has been transferred to Clares-
holm.
Many of the difficulties of the School
Board have vanished since tbe gazetting of tbls district as a village
school district
The mines worked five days last
week.
Dr. Miller, or the Alberta Education
Department wav ln town last week,
and a meeting was held ln the Eagles'
Hall for the purpose of hearing the
doctor outline the government's policy
on technical education. About two
dozen were present, chiefly officials
of tbe different companion operating
around here. Mr. Cole occupied the
ohair and .with a few remarks Introduced the doctor, who admitted that
the government had beeu somewhat
tardy In their recognition of the need
of technical education, but that they
had at last awakened to their responsibilities, and were prepared to do their
part. He regretted, however, that owing to the present financial conditions
the scheme had had to he somewhat
dicatlons were favorable for his recovery. However, shortly after seven
o'clock on! Thursday morning the patient began to sink, and h* expired at
S.IB a.m,
.The deceased leaves a wife and an
infant daughter who resides here, also
his father, who resides at Pincher,
and a brother, Kriicst, ln the employ
of thc Canadian Pacific Railway.
A particularly sad feature about the
accident, was the fact that I). Cavanaugh, rhe engineer handling the
train ut the time of the arcldi-nt, -ams
the father-in-law of deceased.
Mr. Goode had been In the cm-ploy
of the M. P. and M. for Home two and
a half years, und was considered to
be tine ot the most efficient trainmen
In the service. Ile was always en-
(t'UillnHy caret til and thorough In the
A Warning to Workingmen
Wt- have received the following from
District No, 28, U. M. W. of A., Nanaimo,  Vancouver Island:
Warning to Workingmen Relative to
the Actual Conditions existing in
the Mining Industry on Vancouver
Island.
On the Iflth of August, IOH, the
miners of Vancouver Island called off
their strike by accepting a -proposition which came through the good of-
ficcs of Sir Richard McRride. Premier
ot! British Columbia, clauses in said
proposition, which has been published
in the iabor press, siated specifically
that all former employees who desired
work shall be reinstated before any
new men would be employed. Said
proposition being submitted by Sir
Richard McBride, we ,were under «he
impression that the operators would
at least make an honest effort to
."aro same into effect. Now, as to
the actual conditions existing and tlie
methods used by the operators with
no interference from the McBride government, although we had the solemn
promise Irom that Honorable Government's Premier, tliat all the power
and influence possible that they could
command would be used to compel the
operators to enforce said clauses of
said proposition. There Is at present
over one hundred men working here
who have come in since the settlement and have been employed contrary to tlie agreement, fifty Japs and
Chinamen, making a total of one hundred and fifty At present the Canadian Collieries and the Western Fuel
Company's have only reinstated about
two hundred of their former employes
leaving about fifteen hundred miners
with their families still out of employment who arc actually facing starvation     TT5j^idJUfi,--Coaat-Csa}-^©^
aTRouth Wellington, Is the only company that is carrying out the agreement
without discrimination, but there i»
still seventy of their former employes not yet reinstated, and while we
have continually ptoteated against the
AiiKtrlan nnd -Germans who were shipped in during tlie strike (hat are still
working under said companies and.
ae far a»*we can learn there Is nothing
bping done by the authorities to re-
inovi' them. The facts in this esse
will bear out nome of the statements
made at the Trades and Labor Con-
uregji of Canada at St. .lohn. N.U., to
• he effect tha*. Covernmenis were only
the pliant tools of Corporations and
conipr-lled ^o do »JieJr -MtMing. Another feature that our mlncra have to '
contend with ls a taunt emanating
from petty bosses of some cf tin' companies to the effect that there Is lots
of work at the front. This method
may appeal to nome erratic fanatics
a.-t a means of serving their country,
but Ood help the country that has to
rely upon these methods.
Taking these fucts Into coiisldera-
»»  representatives of the Van-
llPnWJP ff !» twm \ IffVPIV mttm3vm »IW Vrntm^m
la foMaot arfth fhe flame, the gteae
e It assy wn heahea ay
td to tfta river bunk with tx pall fori
thia petyeee, aai aever rttaraed. Ito!
mm* umm etna* titxram muwiee «M«r,|
■•THIH fHUKAH Ha. *C I.O.O.F.
The ststera af the aaave lodge are
forwarding housewives to the flrat
coattageat tbat left Fernie aad ts aow
tn Salisbury PlaJna, Kngland.
cloud, and with the experience gained
this session, they would be able to
put their house in better shape for
neit year. Mining centres would
contribute some 50 per cent of the
necessary flimnit- n;i to the amount
of 1260. j
Alter certain questions bad been
satlsftictorny answered, a motion to
the effect thst we have a technical
•etieet her* fw tta p'Jtrjvow o! ald'.ag
those whose education has been neg-
le-Med. and of glvlnt »n opportunity
to those of other tongues to get <
working knowledge of the -English Ian-
guag»>, wss pasted On »he advice \
of Dr. Miller, an advisory board consisting of someone familiar with local
needs will be selected hy the school
board at aome future meeting of tbe
board.
A large numWr of men have been
laid off here owing to tb* tt. V R refusing to take wet cosi.     llie whole
performance of his duties, and  was!
held In very high esteem both by his! tion  —
superior officer* and by his co-work-1 *",,v('r  ,H;;U"'  m}Bm>  w mml  to
' ' I thn organized   labor  movement    and
en- >'iii>r nuihliuuii'ii ,*o htto away from
Tin- Coroner hdd an Inquiry on Vancouver Island thii coming winter
Thursday evuili.n Into tliu cause of, unless they w|»h to come Into a local-
de.ith. and a vim diet was returned to'iu itln-jv ilu-r.- 1* Marvatlon existing.
,1,0  ofTect   tl...l   d.cea,ed   |».l   taken I ((0))T   ^TYM, President.
JtMlN   McAMJftTKK.  See.
liimilct No. •>■*. V, M W. of A.
£i^^ --«^' ™ s'il;: r:;;fi
itllty.
thai packed the hall un I iUtened to
the artists showed ilielr appreciation
in an <ntliuwi,is!ic .rid heart; matn-r.
Following !x an accounting of Uiej
funds;
Proceeds from concert   1130.oo
K*l»cn*«    20.00
Balance   110.00
CoItiK-tiotis by
Mrs. Hallworth and Hheldoii MX)
Mrt Williams and Kvan* .., ti.t**
Mrs I I* McltoBtld and Cook 7."0
Mrs. J. Cousins and Brucey,. in.io
MrsiMcKeiute -mil (i Cousins -*.-'••»
Mtaaatly. apee getting tke weret of,.^,^^, . „   „ t
the fistic anomeat, llamoroeik ap-'0' N» ' nrtB* *"* mn ta So, t have
m*m to the mix* oa tho tiMMMtfibeea laid off,     ~   -
n.*Um agalast    Mnllrlk!    kavlag arat   week.
Further particulars
„.,,..,  ,tr „ »»..■*», .9 <-•-*;> •;-»*  •- *-• '„
mlZ. TLSZm Z^T^JZvUu' ^'«™^ * **** ***** ***i
afsinn• emmmn «"V»^'wn M «f wmtf ^4    Mt_ a,^ ^j
er ibis siplsslsn, mt tietUs* met ynm bm bmm mmm** halt**
^. ?—***•tt»J"t,i*       [mMteem, aai it la pieeet
mm Ipltai af • matel tn a mm ^ t ^Tiire while m tht aet
•Ve* <#•** aamttttt %« tm**t**i*»
****** eutisw ******
ktabbed him.     llie resaR of the ta-
-tenil-f-atlon «as that tfoitelM was I
discharged and Hsmoroslk was charg.
ed with (resting a diwtwrbeae*, aad
wss sentenced to thirty days hard Mi*
or.
The ecbeo) hoard held a ae-rtlag 00
Sunday and aeleeted the foUovtag
in M»i*t them ia their tabors oa the
t,tHfhtil<*»l scliool: Mr. U lHvi4#on, Mr.
A. Hamilton, aai Mr. R. UvHt
Total	
UhburietntfiiUi
To Red c'rena turn-.
Belgian H.llef Fund
IHI.
the -sme 'it in I .-if o-i prerlouii ocean-
ions regarding wet coal, s good nam*
i>er more ttt our men would have to be
lnl«l off. 1 llun actually occurred on
Monday, as reported.) The powder
question *♦!!! lie* Sri .tbeiane* for th*»
time b«ln»r     The question of bitter
prrivM<"'    '"- •   '■.',•*  ■«■■,,'   ij">y   ilL.i..,
sed, but Ae have to leave H-v<t to tell
whither ihl« r<itn--»-*»  wl!l t«# gnp'"-!
or not
Itetiulsr meeting of I*ocal till will
take jilace Hun-day n*ti, Nov Si, JHuai-
Reel Important
o>
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
HlUCRItT NOTtt
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•
la' a eobtmtoottm- et the Itfaae Act[tfct w^tr «(« ann ii-aaaei.
•
etpw ae ta-
af thia character,
tkt H0t ta aaaiefc the wee far msak
ei van flfty-atae ywera ot at* ead waa
wetMnoara te tm vtttaftjr, laviaf to-
eliei fa tta iiatriet tm .turn lem
emn^mm   m_u__^_n_n Ilmk   am^-m  .t*   .^ui^dH^^A tLmt
Wtn\*m\m%*     l^MMVir wWWNt WW§ ffWNNi "Wt
alae.tat •*e*er week a eearch>"»)«» m mm mt ttt mA eemilt it
ar aat lh tMa aaaa tbm* m m\*eotmmt t» bM a* Hnfo***, m n
ta this eaae aai h» | waa ewaHewd tkat t»e oiaaa af 4«ai»
*tntk mm* te e Mt et tmk mob
mo.
, Um. M—tl a.«a, "A 'Heett
Wtttte ReaHi of Aii"; iM
mnt t*mtm mf War"; ti»
WMSfMAFt
There-
We-rfce-rw'
evtaay, *m pje* i**r
i—tii****. *■>'"'*** ********  .it-mam «-*««*tmi» mm eareu aow
»w!1« setw*»s bee %*** *y* iv-mf-*»♦-■ •nfl"*"'* ""' wmwwu m*w-
m u-wiMut.i. >*u*i"a*.     *nmtttmimiiintn. A -»**** *u* ■"**
et «b- 4»y. iM om*,   X%emtmttml
hmbi a tsie ee stlrrine aivwataivi, hut \
mom ara haif m thrtiiiat ar iatereet-
tat as Ur n**mt* Kiwi**-'* w.**** pftieitei
JaaAa     ^M*^j^au*|j*0L|^kf*k      Wl _____% *__am_____     tm^^^^^^
■nsa ntowmetmm,    peiweaa ■avast
ead Titer." wkM eoiaes ta tke On*
+om fVMtr   aai   ttantrier. mmttt**,
l*m want,    ta tate
|W* On
f.',« -wi UM tm'i    At otir r*rn!»r mMlon bt*U in*.!»j'
~~~-™~ j Isst, betor* * good •(tendance, the net-
minntw In Rank ♦••-*?resry   r*j,4   speeui   ■mrrmnonitt-*™
The cemmlttf* ha*e on hand a ««p| from the l»i*trln lt«»«rd r* mbm* «iV
My of rkxbtse at head^artera await* • mntti to reiki* tinttntt.  The watur
leg orders fer ahippiag     They Uh hi dl»*<iteed trom every ataadpoiat,
wish ft to be understood th»! vmtW -jui then a«»iu d..u«M «t a aparlat
ism doM not coaelst solely in sending | meeting en Monday •fteraows, when H
relief ,mi ot town, sn4 they will. <aa,*»» rimallp mn-H doan as tawraetle.
eppimatiM eaieavor. to th* bent oflaM*
There will hef »«r aatuty » mwre thos* aha •«♦(   w# ^ ,wr tf% ^.^ ,,,„ <wli tif
a«a iMO*. p,)t1| y  |frll(,#h,w  mhm tm ^^
fioaday etealnc at her hoas*     liar
L«h»i %>*!**, li«i«a
father aas kated ta the etpteetoa aa
MtTMOOltT CMOHCH. rtflNII
I ihe maiTeieee Claet Compaay havo
' -swtiaae themaelvaa.   Tkey have aalt-
ed a tela ef reemmtn. faith aai hero-
,ftm with a series of advaataraa with
s.m.   -Newi"'***^ thpeta aai »IW salauli that
•j TJI em*. jmyikHWag aai twUatle that ttt
f turn,, Be*  at-wtatara caa hardly alt la tmttt
yt*mmw *mr*
•IW CkarthM Chert**"; ',. „,_.. —
day trkttl aai MMe elaaa.     ilea- **"'* *''*' »»<■"'n*et*t aad fellow -aaa
day. a7m1AWmmtb Umm,    A\*t*mttmafteraaaikerwltkeaagiaiai,
mm *ui> h» mm-tmomi ■»* m«. vm-i
Tkaraiaj evaalag yrietlaa
Umb «Mtoia. f Ji. Pravar
AH.     ftttoj, t
finatft.
lJwt li«'« I't-t-r bem proimwt bm
mm.*.     ^9.^     mm ~
tvm wna r
taiaaa lateeeatt aa iQ^^ itt,
Ktttnn't htgmt
aerht-r» •Oomld avail theaawivoa of
ikf*** <ta«««a vt4 -totcete $ werfciag
tawwledge of Itiitllsb     Following art
tkfe Insirmlow: Kugllab. Mr A. K«»U>,I t*nio« ISt on Sunday to discuss
*rr»*r*i»t <m .MffaMi *Maa*ael; Mr. a.;mi«»«i *• aaw.awiyw.at w*i <
llamlho*. for pit how etsms. tmt Mr. tlw INstrfet, aai to hear the
ifeCalkKk. Maple Leaf, fer mine ape- artttee«e report oa thidr trip to Illat^ f ttlILal"'*'"""'* tZi    "Zl n^^.
Ufa* tieam »w»e.    The elrealar was rntomA ta j ^•"*w* *" aaitai ia the toais af
The aaaagemeat  of  the  lltekey Ita. entirety hy thia local after a good i JJ^tJJJTy £,£**! M,,» '****
Ch* kare feaad from test yearn* aa> deal of commeat. wkkk Is very ce^jj™**^""      ™ysxx.^
tmrfnn** tbnt tt irenM bt* tm **vmit   —- -*-- «*—--— '*• *** «*««♦ n»*' mm* mag me aaa n«m*iiiy.
A spedal »ee*lng was heW of I«wal j JnlMl m^     j-^ f9mni ^^ -^^
■** *Tt»»*d«T ■%*t**»rn*iit*    t ft"*'91   *■ tt'91, *,.,'»
K ** I Itt the English Phurefc
mm"-   tm Tharmiay, Xov   12th, Thomas
*m*mwm     Oljkt     *>a<la>aM|.      _.      ^^94/9^*^-9^^0^^^ m, b      ali-Jfc
■va it raa a piwaasiaaai ciea
tMa
tttt1
eeiy nmntmr 'km-bey mil *• atapNl
we.
■betlac -•■emateaeed Ut* a* Neaiay.
tmtwn Atmemi Tt+ntmmttt
ibe
tt/m^mm    m^t^m^^,    W^^^^^     ^^^jn^^b^m     __^_m 1
awwf ■!» *^tmi toymme *f\
•headaaartsfa mailaal
■VOttOOttm t9*t. li^-Oanasa meA
tithe aaeal hstfisr
mmw www mnn Wwr
a waapaag vmrrataoaient mre pm*
__*2___*J*** ■tm*m met meem
ttt oetttA
LOXTOV. S*r  \t.~G00. eat '**.
m_^_^t_e_bJA_i   ^tm^tm .^_^_m*_t_m_^_u_m n^kw itm^ettm   jmm^jm __i'tn
fPTTWffe fWP BWwfVWIPr mm SiPfPfS, -tttrnm m%
ttlenfMiifen  after n then fllamm, tf*
ntm    m*m
tbe W**rmte f>m**rt   whM»   fenh
^^^1*4^9     aK*j^gL|u^**^A^.^     ^L^M     l^m^m     amm^mtw
•ws sn tpoek maklag eveac ta tlie
Metory ef WsOaraa     Er#ry
«M hit er her pan aai tha
men tttten f1n.xnrt* ft fie wftfeef ff.trf I
we beat Heftonate eaamjh* te kavai
-ifi'* 'if ?,*!>* tt>***ir'rr^  tt-^itf't wl'ti ml
m ioaht a enwt tml nf <«msMat, ~ ""—'
wtmt hate heea eeve-i.     We, a* a     Uixmx. Sot,  1*~Tha iaetpteat
local olah to eaawteai mir eteraffw M« »• T.Hu>j aca.ast   tta   Ttaaf
tmmrt fer at* test somethtaa taaaJht* ***» mt *U ttmeme limiasilaa al
#■* ■M'-u.-ii mrnn-m *■ *** oswy aaa aavy aaa reaehai awh
Tb*  r* t*ommttf**  **?«*«-* mt\t*-**^Vwl™mTa<»X  "****wm
tke geaevat awaaiaf ragai-dai aarita ia eaasiaat ttmr m Ma
pvepoMt to give the stagte wtAti S4 pevr** *" " ■"""■* *«—•-»
eeat ef tte awark eery thaavahly, awt
wa* afraid that if ta* r P It
1
tor fo s turn* dlspafch to
dud   Th* ambassador, «ht
**tty mumm* at rvtiwcrsi. Mr»
te'twn thraembm leftan.
.1,
I! *S^m^^Sm^^mSm
faeffiyffVW*
esasr awffBatMiiHl-tiqg^ifit
tmn m nSw jh rwmm nmm/emmmommm*
*j.*ix*wi)iWi>-ii''?"i^t^ioN^?f*yy**a
*^tihir i^wj*"™ -i"-"n»"
aaaayawwa
HUMP
■s-vtrgt:
H?V&*stt*T~
ixr
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
Judge Carpenters Report on
Hillcrest Explosion
a
■a
XSSI
{Continued from Vmuc* Oue)
ienee is referred to as Xo. 1 Mine,
while the coal from all tbe other portions of the mine is taken up the Xo.
2 slant or slope, and these portions ot
tbe mine are, for thj .same reason,
itferred to as No. 2 ,Mlnc. In reilttj
however, all the work-it-".k are co-i-
ni'cted and comprise h i*. on.c mine.
There were '.wo fa'is employe! in
the ventilation of the im'.'-e. One an
oloclrioali* oriven fan of the Sheldon
Sirocco typ«, placed a little to the
south of the Rock Tunnel, acted as an
exhaust fan, while the other, a steam
driven fan, located a little to the north
of the entrance to Xo. 2 slope, was
used ns a forcing fan. This latter fan,
at the time of the accident, was forcing the air into the workings of that
part of the mine known as Xo. 1 Xorth
Level. The return air from Xo. 1
Xorth Level, apparently joined the intake air going down Xo. 2 slope. These
combined currents travelled down this
slope to Xo. 2 South Level, along the
level to the face, returning back along
the working faces of No, 2 South, to
Room 31, and thence to the exhaust
fan through an pvercast over the new
slant, after ventilating the working
places of Xo. i* South Level. Another
current passed down Xo. 1 slant, returning along the counter, after having \entilateil the places.in the level
off this  slant, and the  places above
that the term as used has the same
meaning as tbe term "ventilation district" used in the British Coal Mines
Act, and. as to Xo. 2 mine, it was
suggested by him that Xo. 1 Xorth
Level, and Xo. 2 South Level, were
both on the same split. On the other
hand, Mr. Drinnau, Ore company's expert, was Inclined to give a much wider, or at least a more vague, interpretation of the term, and, in ihis opinion,
Xo. 1 Xorth Uvel and No. 2 South
Level, comprised two district splits.
Mr. Brown, the company's manager,
was of much the same opinion, and I
might say here that If the return current from Xo. I .North Level, travelled
through the overcast, over No. 2 slope,
there would be no possible doubt but
-that there were two distinct districts
or splits in Xo. 2 mine. .1 am dlst-
tiuctly under the Impression, however,
that at least the intention of the Alberta Act was that -he term "district"
or "split" should receive the san-'j
meaning as the term "ventilation district" in the British Coal Mines Act.
Assuming for the moment that there
were two distinct splits in No. 2 mine,
it still seems that there were considerably more men employed in these
workings than, the Act sanctions. It
is to be regrelted that the reports
kept, by the compnny do not give very
definite information as to tlie number
of men employed in the various parts
of the mine.     The explanation given
:;oes to show that it was, it does seem
ihat closer oversight should have been
kept upon this fan, when its stoppage
might cut off the entire ventilation
of one portion of the mine. The attachment of an automatic indicator to
the fan would avoid any such danger.
In regard to the turning of the re-
turn air from Xo. 1 North Level down
No. f2 slope, the weight of evidence 1
think, goes to show that ihe system
of ventilation in this regard, if not absolutely objectionable, was at least
not. to -be commended, but while this
Is.ko, there is i.ething to show that
t'ns pract'ea contributed any to the
cause pf lhe explosion. Neither can
'.*■•. be said that the use of compressed
air in the workings pf No. 2 slope b"-
low Xo. 3 South Level, is accountable
in any way for the disaster, tl was
practically cdmitted, I think, tha: the
ex.i'osion did not originate in this por
*.io:i of the mine.
With regard tc the operation of a
hand fan in No. I North Level, and.in
Xo. 2 South Level opposite the raises,
•.he evidence bliows thiU the miii:> ha-l
nrt been worliinj;■during the two days
the slant where Uie pillars were being! W;1S .,,,,< |ll0 ]neil) with Ule exception
I'Mraetod.   The current going through j Qft}ie mJnera> are ofcen moved from
of the mine to another.   This
ie
th.- junction of this tunnel with Xo.i
siting a ml the new slant,
Hock Tunnel to some extent split, on<}      .
, Is quite conceivable, Iknd is indeed uii-
a Portio-o-idonbte'dly the case, but without.more
travelling down the new slant as far
ns a-stopping"at about the second
<•ros-.-c-.it In Room 31. That this current,  however, did
; j definite track being kept of the whereabouts of the men than'was apparently done here, it is difficult to see how
place at ithe mine. The last inspection of this nature, made before the
explosion, -was by the examiner, William Adlam, who went into the mine
about ten minutes to four and came out
at twenty minutes past six o'clock on
the morning that the disaster occurred. -His report showed the presence
of gas iu working places, 2, 5, 12,17, 7,
8 and 43. Of these places, 2, 12 and
17 are in the ;worklngs of No. 1 North
Level, '7 and 8 in No. 3 South Level,
and 5 and 43 No. 2 South Level. The
examiner s.vears that in accordance
with his duties in that regard, he fenced, off these places so that the miners
would not go into them until the gas
had been cleared out.
It is the custom for the brattice men,
who attend to the placing of the brattices, so as to conduct the air current up to the working face and ao
clear those places of gas, to go into
the mine a half hour or so before the
shift goes in. The examiner or examiners on duty at that hour gives or
give the orders based upon the report
of the examiner who has just made
his inspection. The lamps of the brat-
tfctf men are examined by the examiners who have gone on duty, arid in
tliis case John Ironmonger swears that
he examined the lataps of the ibrattlce
men when going into the mine. It
is, I think, only fair to assume that the
brattice men on this morning, went in
as customary to attend to the fixing
of the brattices so as ,to rid the mine
of the gas indicated in the examiner's
report If the brattice-men attended
to their duties, and it is only fair to
itissuime they Vould do so, the miine
with the exception of the raises, should
immediately prior to the day of the j have been speedily freed of gas,
disaster, and the evidence of the ex-
not play any im-; tlie sccx\0n of the Mines Aet limiting
pnrtnnt .part-in the ventilation of the'IUie num,ber of men in each district or
mlic may be judged by the fact that; SJ,,jti can ,be observed.
no measurement apparently was ever; '    ■     ■■       ■ -■
■ ' -    The estimate of Mr. Fraser, as to the
number of men employed in No. 2
mine, exclusive of Xo. 1 Xorth Level,
in view'of the evidence is, 1 think, excessive. It is impossible to fix exactly the number of men employed in
Xo. 2 mine at the time of the disaster.
Tlm rpgfiip nnrtlpc   lie miiy ho -pAnrlily
taken of the air passing down tlie new
sl.-.r.t. '-The'evidence was that a cer»'
tain amount.Of this current leaked
through this stopping into Room T.I,
and frcni these loined the air current
ventilating the workings of Xo. ' 1
South Level,  ^
if.
r
it
—iTre^Tvorkinf^irelow Iso. a siope as~
far down as Xo. 3 "South LeVel^ceord-
ing to the plan marked by the examiners appear, to have been ventilated,
at least to some extent, by a split of
the air current down No. 2 siooe, out
below ?Co. 3 South Level, the workings
were ventilated by means of couii)re?s-
eil air and it. was .almost, universally
agreed, 1 think, lhat thk use of com-
pressed air for ventilation purposes in
* mine of this character, -was o'ljer-
tionnble.
The turn Ing of the letupi air current from No. I North Level, in with
the Intake current travelling down No.
2 slope and used to ventilate the balance of the workings', of No. 2 mine,
was severely crlticiieeil hy .Mr, Fraser,
the oxpeh: witness' for the miners and
by others, owing to the fact that this
woulil mean that nlr already vitiated
through the ventilation of one portion
of thc mine, would be turned ln to mix
with the fresh current of air used to
ventilate another purt of the mine.
It U true thut there wa» an overcast
conceived, paid little attention to the
location where the bodies of the victims were found, and even the location
of the bodies would not be "conclusive in .this regard, as there is little
doubt, but that mnny of the men, after
the explosion, left their working places
In an attempt to escape, before they
Hiicciinrbed fo the effect of the after-
damp.
According to the figures submitted
by the company as showing the number of men checked into the mine, on
the morning of the disaster, there
were fifty-nine men In No. 1 mine and
one hundred nnd -seventy-six In No. 2
mine. All of the men in No, 1 North
Level, forty-six in number, were saved
no that In the remaining jiortlon of
N.*. 2 mine the company's figures
would show that thore were one him.
tired and thirty men, The evidence
bei.rs out, however, Uie company's hx*
pis nation that the men were moved
t.iiom the mine after being sent lino It,
ih while the figures show that there
-M-nsKhu- No. 3 slope, n little nhovej*"'" thrw* tracklayers '" No. 2 mine,
the Junction of this slopo and No. 11'""1 "onp ln Xo- ' m,ne' u,e t!!,d?'*
South Level, ami had the return air^ ,,ial on" t,f thnp mPn *a" k,,1<,d !"
fmm No, 1 North l^vel been carried
atniner, William Adlam, Is to'the''effect, that these raises were full of gas.
'Ine fun hoys wlio operated the hand
fan" went into the mine at the 'su-irie
time as the miners', and consequently
it is to be presumed that after the minors ib a tl begun work, if there were men
working at the face of the entries, tne*
gas from the raises would be driven
over them and that such a practice is
bad is admitted by a number of expert
•witnesses. So far'as the question
concerns Xo. 1 Xorth Level, it is of no
importance ns. t'oere was no explosion
in that * ptirt o'S the mine, and in regard to Xo. 2 South Level, it must be
remembered the fan would start to
expel the gas from the raise when the
morning shift went on, that is at 7
o'clock'in'"the moriiingTand the esplo-
I contess that the evidence of Ad-
l-iiti somewhat bewildered me In regard to the quantities of gas referred
j to in his report. My Impression from
j Ms evidence liven in the first in-
j stance was that there were -compara-
jtlvely only small quantities of gas in
I the places indicated in his report,
i Upon his being recalled his evidence
| gave me the impression that .the quantities of gas. were much greater than
calls attention to the fact that there
was considerable dust in certain places
in the mine, but apparently the only
immediate danger that twas anticltpat-
ed from fhe presence of this dust was
from shot-firing and it seeims that shot-
firing was discontinued in the places
complaiined of. On the other hand
the evidence of nearly all of the men
working in the mine Who gave evidence was to the effect that prior to
the explosion they would not consider
this a dusty mine.
With the exception of Xo. 1 slant
the main roadways are more or less
wet. No. 1 North Level, may be said
to be distinctly wet, arid so wilth No.
2 slope below No. 2 South Level, and
this may also be said to apply to fhe
northern part of No. 2 South Level.
One of the means adopted to prevent
the spreading of the dust explosions in
a mine is .by the watering of and keep-
■ing damp the main roadways in a mine
altliomgh this system is not universally approved of, as nothing but the
thorough soaking of the dust eliminates the danger. This system of dealing with the dust, however, has not
.been adopted in any of the Western
Prolines and It cannot be said; therefore, that the -company failed in their
duty in not adopting such a course.
The main roadways, as I have just
said, were with some exceptions, wet,
anil it seems to lfiive been the general opinion that the watering of the
rooms and the working face would be
i impracticable. '
I do not think that the evidence is
such as to show that the company had
any reason to believe that there was
a dangerous quantity of dust In this
mine. At the same time it must be
remembered that nn explosion such as
adopted 'by the management of the)
mine in relation to the ventilation
thereof, and other matters closely related to the question' of ventilation,
was apparently either objectionable or
at least open to criticism, but the evidence does not go so -far as to show
that this was responsible for the disaster. And it must be said that Mr.
Hudson stated that he would not attempt to' criticize the ventilation bf
any mine from the plan .without,having the advice of the men -who are •conducting the ventilation from day'to
day. As one pf the -witnesses spates
It, so far as the explosion is concerned,
something must bave happened in the.
mine of which we have no evidence.
The only conclusion, therefore, that
I can arrive at, as a result of the whole
evidence adduced at the enquiry is
that the disaster -was caused by an explosion of gas, tbe origin and seat of
which is unascertaihahle, this explosion ibeing augumented by the ignition
of diust throughout the mine.
Although the cause of the explosion
cannot be determined, a consideration
of the facts and circumstances (brought
out by the evidence at the enquiry suggests certain recommendations Tvhlch
It is submitted, may lessen the extent
of the danger that was tfhown to he
attendant upon the operation of this
mine. .Most of these have already
been suggested in this report.
Attention has heen called to the fact
that the Number 2 fan was without dir
ect supervision, for about .half an hour
before the occurrence of the explosion,
and it has been pointed out that the
stopping of the fan for any considerable length of time might be attended
with serious consequences. It is suggested that such a fan should he either
occurred on thc 19th of .Inno, would ■ under   the   constant   supervision   of
his evidence led, me to belieye In the
first- instance, and I am somewhat at
n loss to reconcile his different state
nteiits in this regard.
Inter .statement, it is evident that the
| raise in' No. 1  North Level, and  the
j raise in No. 2 South Level, were, as
I he says, full .of gas.''-.-With these raises
j full of gas It does seem that it would
. . .    I have been advisable that these places
sion did not occiir iintl^two and a half!s]l<?ll](] -^ ,)ee71cIeared before the
miners enterfd   the   mine.     Such   a
  ___„  _ COlirSP  flt  least   \v*nl-|lti hove  *nvnl<l,a*rl   an.
vmrnrmmmsim at tins po.nt7nor, 11 e!((fflmt of ■jJffl^r that had t0 eJfist- if
think, did any of the witnesses so ;coii-1 tIa, raiseswere being cleared,after the
undoubtedly increase this dust and
undoubtedly means should be adopted
now ,by the company to eliminate as
far as possible the danger from this
dust by removing It as far as practicable from the mine or adopting any
precautions that can be adopted to
prevent the spreading of a dust explosion .should it occur. It is needless
I think, to say that the greatest care
should now bc exercised in regard to
shot-firing in the mine. A blown-out
Adopting his j >'ho:. as has been pointed out. is the
on"  means  of  igniting dust  directly.
Rome one or should have an automatic
Indicator attached thereto in lieu of
such personal supervision.
The question of shot-firing in the
mine has also been already discussed.
It is suggested that, until 'the danger
from dust in this mine is considerably
reduced, shot-firing should be either
discontinued entirely or that the men
be withdrawn from the mine during
such firing.
A recommendation In regard to the
search of the employees, at stated Intervals for matches, pipes and tobacco,
Axe your hands chapped, cracked
or sore? Have you "cold ciacka"
which open and bleed when the skia
ia drawn tight? Have yoa n cold
sore, trost bite, chilblains, or « "raw"
place, which at times makes it agony
for you to go about your household
duties ? II so, Zam-Buk will give ycu
relief, and will heal the frost-damaged
skin. Anoint the sore places at night,
Zam-Buk's rich healing essences will
sink into the wounds, end the smart-
ins, an(t wUl btnl quickly.        $
Mrs. Yellen, of Portland, says: "My
hands were so sore and cracked that it
was agony to put them 'near water.
When I did so thtfy would smart and
burn as if I had scalded them. I seemed
quite unable to geb relief from anything
I put on thcim until I trieJ Zaia-Buk,
and it succeeded when all else had
failed. It closed the big cracks, gavo
me ease, soothed tho inflammation, and
in a very short time hoalod my hands."
Zam-Buk alto cure* chafing, rathti, winttr
eexema, trilu, itlart,/t*tcn,y torn, tore hea.lt
and bactt, abtettet, fiiinpltt, eing-umm. €<*.-.,
cult, burnt, bntistt, tcal.lt, tpraint. Of oil
drttgnuti flinltiorca, cr f.u t frre Jrom theZam-
jBu*'Co., 7V.-fliilc   rfKii-'isalox.
1
'
and blowii-ont phots are by no means! has 1 understand, already been made
uncommon   in   :t   mine.      It   is   very I by the  coroner's jury,  in .connection
hours afterwards.' There is again |
nothing, 1 think, to show that the ex-j
'ginatetl at tliis point, nor, l j
tend. And as to the general prac
tice of using these fans, under such
eoiidiitions, it must be said that 'Mr.
Hudson, representative of the Domlh-
Ion Department of SI Ines, and a man
of wide experience in mining matters,
was un willing to criticize tli-elr use.
j    It appears, from the evidence, that
miners'had* gone' to work. Notwithstanding, however, that the gas was
in the quantities I have mentioned, Adlam says that ho did not consider that
there was an unusual amount of gas
in the mine that morning, and Mr Hudson, .who heard all the evidence, ex.
.   , , , . pwssod his opinion that nothing in-
while the system of ventilation In some j ,,k,.,tpi, iUl undlle amount of RM at thnt
time.
The theory of Mr. Fraser'was tliat
questionable whether shot-firing should
not bo eliminated from this mine until
thc conditions in regard to dust are
very much improved from what they
were at the time of this enquiry.
-■HM-jii-fc—L-iiiitcisin—iv as inaue -oy~ .ur."
Fraser in regard to the kind of stoppings that were adopted by the m;nv
with this djsaster. It can be only
■added that where the personal equa>
tion must be so largely a factor in
the safety of a mine, too great care
cannot bo exercised in such a matter
Two further recommendations which
do not Invmedlajlejy deal with the safe-
I the WALDORF
i lugs of No. 2 South Level. It such
were the case, except so far as it
jwculil tend to vitiate the nlr current
;s*r.l«a tlirattyH No. 2 South, the gns
in all tho working places but 5 and tn
I may be eliminated so far os this phase
details has, anil, I think, with   some
reason been criticized by some of the
witnesses giving evidence at the en-. , ,   , ,,..,.
qulry. so far a.'the men of the mine [ !hp expltisloi. originated in, the^ work
were concerned, there seems to have
been only one opinion In  regard to
tlie ventilation, and that was. that the
ventilation was good so far as their
own  particular working plncos were
concerned.     There was apparently uo V , ,,    ,        ,   ,,     , J  _.    ,        . • „        .     ., ...    ,,
complaint whatever hy the men In that fof, "* »»v"'«l»tlon l« concerned. The | eventually rendered the disaster greet
. | initio hnd been Idle on the 17th   and i or even than lt was.
"it is'true that a month or more be-l,1"1'1 of^Juno. the two Jnye Immediate.!    Apart from the matters I have al
fore the disaster tl.e conditions .were!1* ™™*» «>«>' of "ie disaster, but, ready dealt -with, there does not ap
not   so good.      Kvidciice  wns given
thut travelling cups, tlmt   Is   the e.vis-
tenr-e of such an amount of «ub in the
ventilating current ns would show a
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
uiiement or this mine.     It was sug-^y of the men employed ln the mine
te^eil that bail the stoppings bejn ff!    	
a more permanent nature the explosion   would  not' have  spread   to  the
extent that It did.      This,   however,
seems tc be a debatable question, Phd
the ivldence shows that the stoppings
In   'sis mine were of- the same charac-1
ter as are used In the mines through- j
c it the Western Provinces.     There Is :
nothing ln the evidence to lead me to j
the conclusion that If the stoftil.-igs j
h-til been of u different character the j
extent of the explosion would lifve'
been curtailed.     There   is   evidence j
ia.'.fcil to ilie cuect that subB-t.niLial
stoppings by first confining the forces j
developed by the explosion might have
are suggested. The difficulty arising from the absence of a plan of the
ventilation system of a mine, at the
enquiry, has already been referred to.
And it hns been pointed out that under
the British Coal Mines Act the operators aie required to keep such a plan
in their office. It is suggested that
a similar provision be inserted ia our
act. The difference of opinion existing in regard to the definition of a dis-
' -let or split has also been referred to.
1 have already Indicated my own view
in 'trflrd to the question, bnt it ls suggested that a definition of the term be
Inserted in our Act, so that no difference of opinion can possibly,   or   at
leaBi-feasonaDiyrTmse-»
(Signed)  A. A. CARPENTER,
Calgary, Commissioner.
Oct. 20th. 1914.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot fit Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
! \
i   i
tlamc in, a test with a safety lamp,;
were found.     But this condition was
the ventilation system with the exeep- pear io be anything in connection with
tion of the working of the hand fans, the management ot the mine, nor ia
wns in full operation and a peru-sal of-i the enre tnken by tho company In its
the examiners' report* for those days, cperattons that conld have led to con-
shows the mine to have been mora' trlbuted in aay way to the disaster.
regard to tbls part
of the ventllntlon system could have
■been raised, and it wns at least suit-
jrested by counsel for the (tympany,
that this overcast waa -probably ln
use at the time of the explosion. Tbe
rildenccf however. I think, Is clear,
thin this overcast was not being used
at that time, and It seems to have
hfiti u fan that Oil* return curient
iruin So. I North U»v**l, did travel
down No, a slope nod from there along
with th<» tntttlir current down the slope
than ordinarily free of gas during that     The Initial cause of the explosion
time.    There does not seem to be any- * does not appear to bo ascertainable.
ih*t"tiie' mimher^ of buckers fouml !n j amru"po7thrc7«npieU«m"orth«U work! tMw '" ,h? 0V"'«nwJ» regard to the j I have, almost nt tho outset of this re-
' 'presence of wt* In the mine thnt ns-port.  mentioned the ordinary causes
slate In leading to.nny conclusion tni0f ignition of gas In a mine.    Shot-
No. I mine.    Again while there Is no
through thl* overcast to the surface! *trict l vtdenoc on the point, (t appears j before the driving through of Room 81,
no objection  In
No.    \    mine wnn mry considerably j rh]H rotulltlon  wim remedied,     Since
that t-l me, ami up to the time of the
disaster, Miere had been no complaints
on the part of the men. nor had there
been anything that would Indicate nny
'.ii>;-aU-f.K-hir) condition lu the vuiitlla-*
tion of th« mine.     The report of the)
srenter than lhe company'* Ngmoo
sho"V I think thin possibly an ex.
trciiii' ertlmiite of the men employed
In Xo. 2 mine apart from Xo. I North
U"v«»l, would b«» I2*», and it was (!«•<>
Inlily Uv\ AsKumlnt. that thor« '.itre
i i. ii,. n ;.«■!.• ,4i i.i.- iim<u ni -U>- iii*-
nsier, it  will be iren thai  tht< .(iin!.-
<r
' ti'y  (,
i wmi ' lii   at
! 11:*  'il,l»lri«(l
to the cause of the disaster nor to lead
to condemnation of the general system of ventilation then In me fn the
mine.
<)n«> of the grot sources of danger
Pit, t'ommlttec representing the min-1" * tni"« iwn *«' ,h« l»reeen«» of dust
its. intidif on the IHth of ..May, Just »j provided that.dust I* of a sufficiently
r coming 'Imi No. J -Ii»  lmm,|,  |„.fur..  tli.. ilivaater. sets outiexplosive or taflaintnalHo natim-.   The
flrhi*g having been eliminated, the ex*
plosion must, of course, bave orlglnat-'
ed rrom the ignition of gas, but by,
what means there has been absolutely
no suggestion,    Certain of the ordln-'
Miy eaules of Ignition have heen or
may be eliminated hero, but there Is
no means whatever   ot   flxln* upon:
which of the remaining causes it waa'
Imperial Bank of Canada
HIAO OFFICC, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up. .17,000,000      Rwerve Fund ....$7,000,000
O. ft. WILK'C President        HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlee-Pres.
BR> NCHIt  IM   8RITI1H COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Oolden,  Kamloops,  Mlehel,  Notion,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Vletorh,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposit! at ewrrent rate from date of deposit.
FBENM BRANCH A. M, OWEN Manager
lei!*' Mtfflcle.it t't n""«  that they found the ventilation good j ,0,,l,>" <l»n**»roii* dust Is the fine ln»
cifilc f«.t|aii.l general condlfIons good, and the 1 PalPftbte dust that cling* to fh* ti-ofjthat started the explosion,
tw;» hi Hired
thrmttli tbt* other nortlon of the worU.!*,tr ntm ,h;U l* r«ijulr«d !» the Act.reiilrtir* Is lo the effect that between j'*'1'1 ^N* •«"» Umbotn used through-j
w «f \o XuZr " '» {rnP th!" ,hl" «w* m" ,ak" ,n,°' "1«» l"»" »"d 'h* •«mo of thi- dl^ter. «,ul "'«' «'•'"'•    This mny. if of a suf.
'  Measanwau of'.th« quantity of air! wnwlderstlon the fart that there wero | „MW „,„,    no   ,.|rciimstani»n   than! ^mtly explosive characer. he Ignited j
legiurenvnts of the quantity
taken Into tli« mine at the different
Intake* are maile onr-e n week by the
overman, and the last of these «ten-
•iir-Miiffit* br-fore the illsa»»»»r, was
i.-)l,«i. oi, ibe J-fitb of .Iun*'.     On ih.it
<«<mi«» horses In the mine at the time, I would li»ml any one to believe that the
hu; neither, however. d«e» It take Intoj-poinlltlon of the mine had. In the mean-
.n.'.niht l)i*« *i-ompr#>*»*i'd air lielow No jtjm„ undergono any ehiuiae.   NntwIUi-
;! fouth Level, nor tite nlr godm iln*n
l»n> n«wv -pHtil      On the eihrr h-md. !f
■.lillnting   lhe   fuel   therefore   that   the
-j-'-im   nf   vintlLiiloii   1»,  .hi.  I   Imve
As to Its character, Mr. Drinnau was
ol the opinion that it was almost en- ■
tlrely n gas explosion and that dust'
by a blown-out shot or by contact with j contributed very little, If any, to It.i
a flnnw of sufficiently ItiRh teimpera-i wnj, this exception, however, the ex-'
Hire-, in the course of an explosion j pert witnesses all were of the opinion I
it Kent .rate* lu own ga» and wilt rapid-; tha*r It was « gas explosion auguiaeiit- i
1* ..pp-.li! through « mltsc whirr ltier* it) u*, |jH. ignition of <lui*t and that dust j
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
(■
HAS 1NSTALLID
\
men mir* mem*
t.-1 *  at
shtrw
day, tht*tt*
ii/mi t*i*.*. t.-t* fit ijf >>er mH'it'
ver* b*lr>v tor***! into ih*4 w«rlitnjr* of
So. I Norm l4*v«»t, "H.-tmi entile f«ei
were b*inn taken In down the No 2
• tope  nnt   TitfittO  rtttilf-   fft't   were   be
Int drnwn down No. I **nnt, T«e
rAoetoelon    Vlr.    Krster arrlvel  st.
X-. !Ni». 1 mine was all In one dlstrlft nr!«,!,!, Mor*. In « ntinib.r of i|Hails!|H *tnntA**ni dust  lo feed  lhe explo- j played a eonsliferslile part If not the!   ,Q A P'CV'T'Y    nElPriSTTr    1IOY15155
iu„ii,    <i„.M.   u.„nt,i     l...     , -mmUlDi-iitilv 1 .... .....   ...   ._.....i i.„   ..,.1  ..       .1..,.Ain't,;,  hut  Hie ilim-v  If •iifttHotitlv  wat '*•*.. ...,..    ....  •«,  **... . . .t...,„„       -n.„      V* *»* .,*^ *    *       *-r*«**   Vw*  Jl       A/VAUVI*
i r**'''I«--t»»4 th-f ev<"*!",. Antra
•em  wwrrtnt  me, I think   In attributing ini' e:iu*e of ili»» evjilimlon to any
tinny ventilation of the min*.
Tin*  «tw*H0n  nf   tri a   In   the  mine
i h.ir.ii:U-i\
Imt  the -!il«'. If •uffle!«»ntly  wft   -ai,ejs;   *,,,.,  ;,(  .jM< , kj,lot|on,      f^^,
Aont't* for the tlm*- helne Its Mplonlv* I fading of a vtry itinsldtrahle amount
! of coked coal Ami was one of the'
fact* that wa* relied wpon by those!
who a Ivanced this lailer theory and j
fti \ low of the result of the lest of the I
/
unlit.   I here   wotlM     lie     riiimlderiitilv
lover tlm required 200 ruble feet  p#r
, ant,     I'ji^ti the aholi- It itp}M?ar* that
inlti.. ih.   Aet spin-am »o have ti«eii  #-,„ity ventilation of the mln-e. in regtml to the eharaeter of the
viul.i'ul n> far .** tiuployti.* UKire Hunt TIk* ititrntion nf tr:m In fhe mine <!»sr In the fflltrrett mine, hotlt COUn<
st -vt titty men !i» a »i-Ht or dlstriet, It I* *mn* \„, intimajeh entiiier!**) with the • J,,l for the mine owners and the miners
t»ri*l'ii*W.   V.-.M their »a» a *ulfkWm: t«|i,r<»ilnn of veiitll.ttIon.     At the same * at  i!ip -ennulry nglfewl that I  should
i Vrt'ttwe   nt  n-|p  te   *bt*   t*t*r>in*i   t*t   »ti«'.»,..      »*....,. r • '<        "    . .      '.  ,,.'.   ....     ,....'„  «.  ».,»   „*,.»»
• mine  to  alliw  the  r-i|ii!*!te  nmnnni   ,..>a„,Ht,   *„  *t^,M,..,if,-,« *-,t -^i in^fi-r-' ■ *\*;>tt* <>■   <v«* VvHnl ^*l:i!i     V'.nf.-.u ut
ear man »* tn r.*nmrfit iij the AH and!, „i «*y-r*<>m of ventilation.     Th« aecu' xt'iu    tut in tie e*:pto*1WI!t>- of »a»jUj« seat or plate of origin of tae es-i
rludetl"lie returnair from No. I North',!"* ^M*""" Am>,t mt  *««anf  »»Vi tnulatloti of ga* ma> arise from the ■ pl-i* of dust taken from the HIIIrreM I $im!m.    Mt,rn,**r*npttn*e«tbtop-\
l^rel     » cenno? come to thte ronelw. '•' ',i'1* ",,u |3'** w»«*««t»»w«'w *»' «»"* j ton thai Hie tirsitices bate not heen mine.     Without adopting any technl- j mion that it omnrrHl in the workings
To do so would I think * A,'t •" 'M* r«"*<,rd -rontrlbitted to the i !e.| imi miffieiently io the fare* of the «al latmuise li may t»« said that these j nhnve No. 2 South Level, bui he is un-
.,1* >-»\»^'f,f< i*t^*«.'f> Vi>   * a'nne nl *1
otto fiitde feet, ib* ov*nxxnxx had In
dust, I think this visa' is the most
... .*»;*■».,„',*',4   HtM*  ttt  *UU|I.,
i* t*tii*i*n,it,*- .**m*   in  uttteriuiiie
J,
titen myelf
,-,t t,,,„*  *rt   »»,*
*tf»»*»«i-i»fi
•ifl-
... u*„.v, j j,b tu >h*iuv mux nny mxnvx locahty.
m
rJ*tttM"enal n mnottnnt Attempt on bis ft may he taken for granteil, t think, j i*t»t Is not *oeducted euffletently near I- of » falrt> hhthl) rsptosive charm-1The Wher egperts were unable to eome
•an lo giro n fatee idea of lie ventl- that both the ventlieUn* fans were the fare* si a* tn nm »w»y ihe g.ts. tr nnd the dast woald Ignite by a *t0 any conclusion in thtt regard. In
tation of the mine, I do ooi tliink proiwrly working up to ihe time of lb* j And in a mine «f thii nature It may be idown-ont shot or bjr an Ignited pocketf rorialn pens of the mine it can be said
tier* Is anything to warrant tkeedoo- aecldent. Any stoppage of the elec.i said that generally there is always ut ess. it may be said that the gwi-jtimt the explosion did not originate.
Una of tmb a view,    It Is apparent trttallr driren fan woold hare been nt more or ten* tttt. , rat supposition of practically all orjtrt ammtwtttlf the phiee where It dtd
from the nmiHT—*• ""*' tKmi»" """■ noticed by the man In eharge of|    In any mine where Inflammable gas, the wltnes«es al the enqalrr was that f nPFf fnef e ennnot be derermlnsd.
■ sefflfteBt nuaamy &l *»r pmint «"*■ *<*iuMtmr,\ <n m- t«»er > se.-hn.  n tound wi'itlii three montha   »«.-du*i was of i his eharaeter, eo that j   l( wm u p^,, trtm „,„ f0Wf0,Bf
tbtemb  tbe mtm, to  ttumw mmr Ao Ur m the etkleo^ toes It doea»*r.»n'ln*pee||Mi of the mdwisnt tendlrgltb- etttnnee has aft t.ee« elren ^•ed[ilonIuiU uf Ulla rcpoit. Uul ib. emu*
w-*n*ltetlon, *f»*Med the etr was »eem »hst ner notlee t*tn wm atven; tbreittth  ihe  m\n*. nml  the  warWn-.-: >r,••■.<■ thl* *aj»ps»iiiott, ulilrti lm* nowj
' ' ito Ike steam driven fan for about half (placr* *mii*t, frtider the |irovlslon« nt ' ......
LODGE YOUR
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Polidee
or other valuables In one of these boxes
Am
.._.-*        wmnntTna*p«roaMATioN AffLTTO
». B. rowlor, Manager Fernlo Branch
h
A
■aaa
i.^%
tn*
■Wss
-*$fe*v
* dletrtbeted. to tee eieem onren ian ior aaom otm\ i*i;ie»« *mii*i, fwaer tw pfw*i»wm» «i  «.-f*a <ntiflrm«d by these tests.
m'tb* Mltm tot M*ig ptoiit** tbnt. *>* bmr biter* \kt* m-twar* et tke.ihi* >V":ies A«f !»• m**6*< *UMm tbr**, A- -ut tb** nnnnttty of dast in tbe
•rein*" mttt* *kel» I* *!***•* *»*» dle-jesploskm. The WtfTklna of this fan [ M'r* he.ri»re eaeb *bitt gwe* to work ' min.< the Ml'tenre I* fo notne extent
irtate tn splits of aot more tber —*•*• | eauld be heard by the hoUtmau In the, \n the mine, luring this Inspection I'n.m -ee Mr Aeplaalt. wim wae
te men t» tmb SIMtlei aad eem die-'engine btm#, protided ike window «r(a te»t is made for gss, and tke ei- ihe t;<n*rnment Inspector «f Mleee
!L fwm |^ tnpptted wttk e mamrom't ttt* **mn**** ■**** *•• **"* mt tn*, m-mint-r wnfcen n t*pen as to the fntnH- for *i. .ilitrlCt In which Uie Hlllaest
IjttiJUf of fredk atr. tbem mm ef fan Itnttt eowld eos be seen from here, t tion of the wine, auch report Ww rw-; te t, i* ^ifitared. « year or so prior tm
vats tousWeriAie dtfferenee of opin-i ^-h"** tb*r* t* nothlae io *t««est that |entd»rt in » ti<-,rtk kept for that par j >. >ii<u,ui, *ui*A lhat ho woald cones to tm difUfttf et ttm 'iiwtl! tkir tne wm not working «t »ke tlm*|i^e- awl -a t»w of thi* m**rt ie poM-.s- >t tu* * Mrty dnstj mine, aisd in
taw*
" m
ntoettt tie ttew of tk# dtwrter, «nd the e«idenee sllNl n:» Imm'-IUtely le n ronsptenon-i, b - n i*in of ihe Ith ol Jaly last jear  llessdcll's 0w| Stert, gtrnle, S. C
M.DdVATS FtIKH PILLS ^
l-rt^ JW lw PgwmJO* ham mr t*mtmt
Vmbm aiw iwsa'■ *****, ** «MiWi« e» any
raosfHown. for men. isra
ntnmp mttmemt *nm t fmtmme "my
■Mt»e»**,,atitwll»-wB'•"*«'» v<»i up. p a hot, or
tw* for tt»ti»w»s«i*** ** ••» m**\ tmf***H
tSpAtoATn**w*fU.IHt■-.*:«. -tlytuattmm,
||   THE     H H  »mi064
Home Bank"Canada
NOTtCS Ot QUART 1W.V OIVIOtNO
Notice Is hereby given tlmt a nitIdewd at tke rate of 8BVR.V PUR CUNT,
t? per eentt HSR ANNUM npon tke pnid np C!apttar Stock of this Rank
Has tmm deHarad for the tmm MOVTHR ending tke S«th of Noremtoer.
i*ti. and that tbt mme wm >te i*-sya»de at the freae Offlee and nrs&cke*
on gnrt after Tyti»ttfar, tb* itt ot mm-mb** Itll.   Tfi<j Thinifflr Thota, «U!
tve doeed item mo tdtfc to tm ttm ei -Hetemtm, ittl, kotk daya ti*taelre.
Rf Older of the Hoard.
JAJIIM UAAOS,
Qeeernl Manager.
t (
Toronto, Oetooer list, lilt.
-9 'I ~rr
-r--»BOT'?7!r*^T'r
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
PAGE THREE
!>!<•
Will Soon Be Here
ARE YOU READY?
WE ARE V
We can supply your needs in
either coal, or wood heaters.
Call in and look over our stock
of ranges and heaters before the
cold weather arrives.
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware and  Furniture
Thone 37
FERNIE
B. C.
Y
Pull supply of following
for an appetizing meat to
choose froni.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
—PouitpyrButter—
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break,
fastj,
mam
nam
CALL. OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood 8treet
PERNIE, B. C.
i\ )
i" >*
V
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good BoarB
Ross Brothers !!»
!
I
i*
V)
t- *    h
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
-The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macneil 8. Banwell
MACNEIL A BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
*. C. Laws
Alex. I. F'she'
LAWE A, FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft you1* bill any Item of lumber not
found Just aB we represented.  Then
Ib no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you wttut spruce ve do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip is a
iot~of~cull8;—Thuse-whobuy-enee-troat-
ub always come again. Those who
bare not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
here,
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— bealera In —
Lumber, Lath, 8hlngles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turninga, brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot, P.O. Box 71
Phone 28.
Labor Commission
In Calgary
Continued From Last Week
KING'S  HOTEL
Bnr supplied with tho host Wines
Liquors tind" Uigurs
DJNINO  ROOM  IN OONNKCTION
Dry Good*, -Groceries, SooU Md
i, Gotta' rornlsWaw
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMM, B.C.
W MILLS,
Prop
w \
Femie-Fort Steels
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Beer
and
Porter
Bottttd Goods a Specialty
L, T. English: Air. Chairman, this
meeting was really to discuss and devise ways and means of alleviating the
unemployed. As far as I can see we
are all unanimous as to the employment itself. I .would suggest we
should divide our program into measures of temporary relief and perma-
ment ecouomlc betterment. Now,
what measures of temporary expedient can -be brought forward here, and
can we not get our committee together and formulate something that looks
foaward to a permanent and settled
policy? Tills meeting will probably
be looked to from all centers in this
province, and if the gentlemen here
can go away without saying'-something
can be done—and it is foolis-h to say
nothing can be done—then the situation is absolutely hopeless. Now, I
would suggest tbat we go along the
line of what measures of temporary
expedients can be adopted for providing iwork for the unemployed, and also
a permanent policy that may be .worked upon looking to improved economic
conditions generally.
There is a question I would like to
ask the Edmonton delegation. I have
heard that considerable gold has been
taken out of the Saskatchewan River.
In fact, I have been shown samples
of the gold they have recovered there.
I talked to the man who recovered
that gold, who said that if It were pos-"
sible' to provide instruction to men
who were working on benches—to
show them how to work—that good
wages could be made. I am not sure
that his assertions were not based on
extravagancy or optimism, but if this
Is true Edmonton Is overlooking ohe
of the best opportunities to employ
labor and open up an era of prosperity for their city. If there is possibilities along that line, I would like to
hear about lt.
Mayor ; Hardie: Mr. Chairman,
every member present should be allowed to express -bis opinion, and then
"we TftlghT'roiTOulateToinstnlirg-that
'would  be worth  while afterwards.
iMr. H. Byde, representing the Calgary Trades and Labor Council, was
given the privilege of the floor, and,,
said: Mr. Chairman, I have a little
scheme here. According to Mr. .Mitchell, the road construction work ls
-practically completed for this year
owing to climatic conditions. First
of all I think Canada should make the
farms Inviting, where people could go
to them—that is the first point, and
the Investigation I have been making
for the last two and a half or three
months of the unemployment question.
It has come to me from members of
the Co-operative Farmers Co. of Alberta, or co-operative elevator men.
that thore was enougih men employed
In the villages of Alberta to cope with
the demand, and that there would be a
good many left over. IA Dominion
highway stretching throughout Canada—a highway that would be made a
permanent road Just as the old Roman* roads In England used to be—
made from Montreal or Port- Arthur
to Bnnff—which would give employment to nearly every kind of meohanlc
and would distribute employment
practically all over Western Canada-
It would give employment to quarry-
men and nil men In the stone trade
of cutting up atone; It would give employment to engineers to crush that
utone, and to the fanners it would
give bottor facilities for transportation. They take their grain some
times ten miles, and It takes a tremendous lot of time, beceus-H if Uiey
take two or three tons, It will stick
in Uie road If roads are in bad condition, so that a better highway
throughout ail Western Canada would
not only afford employment for all
the unemployed, but would be bene
flclal to the better class, as well, in
this way, that they would have good
automobile roada to run over. I am
not versed In high finances, Imt our
Dominion Government should bear
half the cost of within a radius of ny
tb mllea of any clty-~over 10,000  or
W *       List of Locals District 18
'**    I
settlers, got busy and loaded* up a car
.with vegetables and provisions of different kinds and sent them in. We
have an abundan-ce of food in the country, the men who are hungry are in
the cities. We have work in the
country, and if we could get -work in
the country for those In the city 'we
would have the solution. Still, at the
present time, this suggestion^ ot the
international highway may have something in it. Personally, 1 feel like
commending the administration of the
•Provincial Government for the amount
of work done on their roads. I must
say, .Mr. Chaiiman, that they supply
work for tiie farmer in this regard.
The farmer can only haul to market
as large a load as he can haul over
the poorest jiart of the road.
Miss "Mushkat, of Unemployed League, was present and spoke as follows:
The employment situation is more serious at the present moment than at any
other time, and it is the duty of the
Dominion Government, as.well as the
Provincial Government, to come to the
aid of those that are meantime suffering, and the children 'who are barefooted and are going; to school half-fed,
which I have had from my experience
as school teacher. 1 am not going to
draw pictures for you, or get your
sympathy, but I am going to talk to
you as representatives of the various
cities to do your duty as you all have
admitted tbat not only the laboring
class are suffering, but skilled mechanics and business people. Xow,
tbere is a serious war going on. You
are raising all sorts of patriotic funds.
The Dominion Government has a right
to leyy taxes for war purposes. If
the Dominion Government has a right
to levy taxes for the purpose of war
to destroy one another, I think the
Dominion Government can preserve an
equal right to levy a certain tax to
support one another, it is mutual assistance and mutual aid, if cities exist
at all, and you will find out now Is the
•Unia^-—J3ssr*sJs-a-wat.going»on-;_LoEd.
Kitchener needs so many millions of
men; where are you going to get them
from if you are going to starve them?
Where will your beautiful patriotism
coine lu that you can raise millions of
dollars for ammunition and other
things and you shirk from your duty?
You can do nothing definite as Dominion and Provincial Governments; you
have called a meeting to discuss the
question of employment for men and
women and have nothing definite to
state. It Is an insult to the working
class, I have a few practical suggestions to make. I would liko to make
one suggestion tliat the Dominion Government levy a tax and that tax be
used for the suffering humanity of
Canad, I might state right here that
we have In this city hundreds of property owners who have property In
this town, who have not paid their taxes, and most of the houses are empty.
There are thousands of men and women seeking for shelter—'Why cannot
the city, by making an allowance to
these business men, for a certain rental, allow the unemployed to occupy
these places, and tn that way bo provided with shelter.    •
Another practical suggestion I
would like to make, is aa follows:
Their Intention is good, but Intentions and knowledge and enthusiasm
are sometimes two separate things,
a ii'! that is true of the representative*
of the Women's Council. Thoy ore
trying to do something for the women,
which I think lt Is their duty to do.
Thi re are Un*Jrv.fls awl thousand* ff
girls in thlr city at the present time,
•.vown whi hnv«» Wn working In tbe
varli us offices at various occupations,
who are not used to housework. There
are thousands of women who have
been doing housework and getting as
high as $ 1 .'i.OO to $23.00 per month;
this Is the only thing these domestics
can do, Now, If these ladles who are
so generous In the namo of Immunity
would' assist by taking In a domestic
servant nnd take In a girl to help her,
It would he all right. Now, it Is op to
yon 8*>mtr*nicn, as well as the Woman's
15,000 propl*--   that nhould t.«k«* half
the provlnee.    That Is the only «a«.| **«■*»'• to r«H*e this situation and
gestlon that camo to my mind.
Mayor Smith, Edmonton: Mr.
Chairman, we have gold In tb* «n*k-
dtehtwnn; Por many years If. hns
been a known fact, and men have been
feet that the convention adjourn -until
2.30 in tb.es afternoon ,and that a committee of the whole be formed and the
unemployment problem discussed.
AFTERNOON SESSION
The Convention reassembled at 2
p.m. and immediately formed itself
into a committee of the whole.
Chairman Ross: As we have wit a us
this afternoon Senator Lougheed, 1
think it would be well before we pro-
teed with the discussion of the resolutions to have the Senator address us
tor a short while, as it would help iid
to understand the altitude of the Dominion Government and might aid us iu
drafting the resolutions. We do not
thing this great question of the unemployed should have the whole burden
cast upon the city authorities, but we
do (feel that the Provincial Government and the Dominion Government
should share the responsibility, and
this morning's talk was to get the
three together to formulate some plan
to help the unemployed for the coming
.winter.
This afternoon is to be devoted to
the discussion of resolutions and we
expect that by four or four^thlrty
o'clock we will get somewhere. If
there is nothing else I will ask Senator Lougheed to give us a short address.
Senator Lougheed: Mr. President,
and gentlemen, 1 regret that I was not
present this morning when you entered
upon the discussion of the very serious subject which is now before us.
It was intimated to me by Mr. SlcNlven
that it was desirable tihat someone representing the Government should be
present, If nothing more than to show
the sympathy the Government has in
dealing with this serious and important question. I may say that, the
Dominion Government had discussed
this subject and discussed it at length.
They are fully aware of the seriousness of the situation and of the destitution which must necessarily follow
upon the unemployment which faces
us practically wherever we go. But
iu dealing with the subject, I may
say candidly and frankly to you at the
outset that the Dominion Government
did not see Its way to relieving the
present situation so far as unemployment is found in the cities and towns
in the Dominion. The Government took
this up with all the Provinces, pointing out the desirability of their taking
immediate steps to relieve the condition of so many men unemployed in
our towns. It was, I think, pointed out
very logically that this is a local or
municipal matter. In the first place
'it—is—nruRieipai:—UtrdieT™o™in5*ry™ei.r*'
cumstances the municipality would feel
bound to relieve or alleviate the situation found within its borders. If the
condition which existed should prove
too great an undertaking for them un-
nldpallty tben the Provincial authorities necessarily should intervene and
assume some responsibility for that
unfortunate situation. In England
that has been the course of procedure.
The Central Government does not
take responsibility, but the duty is
cast upoii municipal authorities. However, we are facing today ln Canada
a very exceptional etate of affaflrs that
certainly has had no parallel in our
history.
The Government In taking this up
with the Provinces was assured by the
Province of Ontario, British Columbia
and the .Maritime Provinces, that thoy
would assume these responsibilities. A
letter has been received from tbe premier of this .province, Mr. Sifton, in
which ho states that the Provinco of
Alberta, In the event of the failure of
municipalities to cope with this, that
he would regard it as his duty lo Intervene. My'friend. Mayor Bitwott,
may bcfaiai'lar with this. Up to .hat
point the Dominion Government feel
reasonably satisfied that this would 'js
handled by the Provinces of the Dominion,
Now, let me point out the difficulty,
if not Impossibility of the Dominion
Government assuming responsibility ot
Ihis kind. The mutter Is particularly
a local one. I would llko to point
out.fur >uur (.oiiaak'.uUuii tlu. »u,juv
aibtllty that Is now lielnu bom by the
Dominion In <le:il!tig with th«* war situation snd the financial situation. In
the first place the revenue of the
Dominion has fallen off over one-third,
while the expenditure has srlien, and
thero Is a fixed expenditure that the
Dominion will have to meet In carrying out public works enters! upon,
winJ witli iUU nn on- eonfronM with «
Ions of one-third In revenue, whlrh I
need not point out to you (t An* »o
war causes, and It Is only through the
asg|*tiitici! given us by the banks that
we bave been able to finance thing*
as *c have     N'o! onty has th*v '!«v*
been called upon to face financial problems incurred by the former government for the construction of two transcontinental railways. This expense
has been enormous, but it had to be
carried through as the integrity of
Canacl.-i had to be upheld or her credit
would be destroyed. Xow, these are
some of the financial problems that
face the Government.
During the last session of parliament the War Meastjje Act gave extraordinary powers to the Government,
to relieve, so far as possible, the financial situation consequent upon the conditions with which we are confronted.
1 might suggest to my friend, Mr. Mitchell, that if the Province took advantage of the War Measure Act they
might get a satisfactory loan and thus
solve the situation. Some of the Provinces of .Canada have represented to
the Government their desirability of
taking advantage of the War Act and
of obtaining a large loan so as to tide
those provinces over present conditions.
1 am fully aware that the organizations of labor have done their utmost
to meet, the obligations, but I might
add at the same time that if the Provincial Government had not deprived
you from your revenue arising from
the issuing of licenses, the city of
Calgary might be in a position to tide
over, but it practically is a time when
all institutions are strained to their
utmost to meet their obligations, and
I feel Justified in saying that the Central Government has its great share.
I am really at a loss to make any
suggestion to you. 1 should like very
much indeed if I could hold out any
hope of the Central Government coming to your assistance, but I may mention that one of the most important nf*
the Dominion's obligations Is that of
feeding the alien population. In' tbe
city of Montreal alone there are from
eight, to ten thousand of those individuals held by the Central Government—-Germans and Austrians, that Is
those who are held on suspicion, or
those who if allowed to leave the country would join the enemy, and it -would
cost us more to send soldiers against
ih cm in battle than to keep them as
prisoners of war. I have no doubt
when this measure is carried out to its
fullest extent the Dominion Government will have on its hands some forty
thousand people to feed, but this is
a matter that is peculiarly a war measure, and has been thrown on the Dominion.
The Dominion Government is very
s j tu pathetic. This matter was discussed more sympathetically and more
r
I:
\x
An wh»t you rsn for humanity
An smenonieiti to toe motion to ad- J ornment been railed upou to fa-re On-
um was made aud carried, to tbe ef- *jir situation, but the (iovemturiit lu»
seriously than any7 questlon~beforeT)ar-
llament, bul the Dominion Government
took this stand: The municipalities,
as fnr as they can, should do this work.
The municipalities falling should certainly enlist the co-operation of lhe
Provincial Governments. Now, under
the present war conditions they have
not been called upon to any exceptional responsibilities, and the reeponKi-
Slllty of the unemployed should be
bundled by the municipalities and tho
Provincial Governments, and they
should avail themselves of that vtiy
Important measure passed by tbe Dominion Parliament giving assistance In
connection with their notes and bonds,
Charles Russell: Has not the Imperial Government established a precedent when the British Board of
Trade appointed a member to go thro-
ugh the various parts of the country
to look Into the matters of the unemployed there? Is It a fact that the
Province during the lost few days have
rodecineiT debentures?
Mr. Mitchell:   Yes.
Mr. lUiBsell: To the extent of thr^e
hundred thousand dollars?
Mr. Mitchell: To three and or.e-Ualf
minions, This was n*oney lo,xxt*A for
tlmt purpose hy the banks, and we
were Bound not to use the money for
my other purpose,
Mr, HusRoll: Has the Province good
•.t'ltuUn? itt a financial way?
Mr. Mitchell:   Yes, I think we have.
The Chairman: Is It the Intention
:f. tin- Dominion Government to line
up the aliens?
Htiuitor LotiRtH't'O: What has oven
done has beeu done at the Insistence
Ortl.m. lU'K'iwUuim \t*\u nix*!*!,
been passed requiring ait aliens to appear before certain registrars In each
province and give an account of thent-
solve**, register and If necessary to
appear from time to lime before the
authorities. Certain of theae aliens
will not be able to give sattifnetorv
account of themselves, and aueh„ra»ei»!
* III moan that tbey will h.w to tm
'.V.'.tJtiOt.
Mr. Kenny: I would UMi to »»fe
*tt t'-itor ljv,abt'f"* »i/»'i- st'*-- tf.-t 'hi* i-i-
slxmn-re fmm tht> ItfimiPitn »l«mn-
nn i.t.
Nothing is more exhausting than a persistent cough.
Old folks and very young folks
a'.ike, find a bad cough most
distressing. No need to go on
suffering!
Peps will end the worst
cough or cold. Peps contain
the balsamic essences and
fumes of the Pine tree, with
other medicinal ingredients, so
prepared, that as soon as a Pep
is put into the mouth it dissolves
and these medicinal fumes
are liberated. - They are then
breathed down the throat, and
direct to the lungs.
Ordinary cough mixture* go to tbs
•tonach. Peps go to tho lung*—there'*
the great fuiKitmonUldiffennce between
the old-fashioned form* of trastmsat,
sud tho Pep* treatment.
Moat cough mixture! contain opium
and other poiwni. Pop* don't. Better
for children I
Tho tnoit itubbora omoi of asthma,
bronchi tit, caUrrh, tightneu aero**
the cheat, cold, or winter cough, will
yield to Pep* treatment
All druggist* and *tore* Bell
Pop* »t 60c box or you may obtain
poat free by lending price to Pep*
Co.,'Dupont St.,   Toronto.   If
Joa hart not tested thi* uniqne
remedy, -tend   lc. stamp to
above addreu (to nay return
po*tage)andyou
reoeiv* a free trial
Ifaokatof Pops.
THM S
WHAT
VOU \
trrn      A
fe*iV'
Senator Lougheed: By the Issuing
of Treasury Notes through the bank
upon such security as may be approved of by the Dominion Government.,
Let us assume Uiat the Government of
Alberta go to the Imperial Bank and
deposit with that bank five million of
its debentures or bonds; the Imperial
Bank could take this down to the Dominion Government, and the Dominion
could issue up to whatever amount the
Minister of Finance decided. I think
the practice has been upon a margin
oraoou r2uiTer"c*sni:    iff ^xwroHnn™
ary works, or relief work, Ivepture to
say that sufficient money could    be
raised this way.
Mr. Kenney: Could a city or municipality avail itself ot this?
Senator Lougheed; Yes, it it could
co-operate with Its bank, and tbe bank
would have to assume the responsibility with tho Dominion Government
It is a matter for tbe Department of
Finance, and should be done through
the bank.
(Contlmt.nl oa I'ag* l-'onr)
•m« cr OHIO, OTT OF TOUtBO. ( „
l.ix'M County. f**-
rnjt.Nk J. (,'iiKsrr itukcr i»tl< ttut tw It «nM
mrtner ol tt»« Arm uf K. j. citrm A cu., dote*
bu»ln«*» la tlw ill)- of Tutedo. County »?<i KUU
itiintal.l. ami tlmt uld Ann will par it* wm of
ONE lll'Nllltl'.l) UOU.AIW lur e»ch Md fV«r
•»»• .it l*t»iikii Out ptuinM tx- rurra oy U* u* (•»
tUU.% C*T*»m ct inc.
FRANK 1. CIIKKEV.
Sworn u, t»r«ff me and nutwrttwd I* my nrtttet*.
ttm Ut* a»y «t iMMvtntwr, A- », I Itt.
. —'- , A, W. (il-KAHON.
■j »«AL > s«un FlSUC,
IUII'* Ciunn r.irf it ukm inwrn-ttlf wid art*
4trt>rtty ui*.'   it..' t*. >".t huh innfoui *urt«-mi ot IM
•viuto. Scud tor tinin.oi.tain. mf*.
r. j. i'lir.sKv * co.. Tone* o
.-mill by nil llni«i»l«. TSr.
Tulw i!Mr» Family INIIn fm faoMliwtioii.
Canadian
Pacific
Very Low Fares
tn connection with
EXCURSIONS TO THE OLD
COUNTRY
Dally  Nov. 7th to
Dec. 31 tt Inol.
Juurn
Limit fiv«  months,
and intention prlviltgSs.
Stop-ever
FULL INFORMATION ri rail •»«
steamship tickets 1*tm sit Tieket
Agents, er write—
R. Dawson
Dimt*rt P»Mt*g*r Agent.
Calgary        •:• Alberta
r)
t?
»
411
ttt
tttt
l«l
SSST
ttt?
tm
2STT
*itt
nu
tm
IMS
174
im
stsi
mi
mi
m
tm
tw
** * ,*
Homo tee. nm f. 0. Attreoo
Ntm Aak Mine... Wtt. Ufttek. teber, Arts.
 .....Jf. Whutley, OMUftoad, Alia,
Oreek ...J. Loughran, Heaver Creek, via Pincher, AU*.
<•..<•.••.<)• • intom Bertie, tion *n, tsMtowe, Alia.
 Wm. Archer, Btolrmore. Alta.
Baralt T, 0. HtrHee, Pawtmrg, Alta.
Cerboadale J. Mitchell, Oer-bondele, Coleman, AJta.
Otnmore JMehael War-rea. Gtagpre, AMa.
OoVMMa.«........»•«••• •• Joanetoa, coieawuL Ait-b
<torMit " tlnibott, -nerfein, R 0.
Cbieentt Hum.,.*....* i* tttmn, Chinook Mines Oommerre, Alto.
rwiik.. Tfiri* t,t*ft'. r**iwi*, tt. c
nraak... tern Morgan. Rmak, Alta.
HOIeftet .Mark Stlgler, HtllerNt, Attn.
iMrttAtttm*-...,....... I*, Moore, till 8mrb Avenge. N. I>suibrUge
UttferMte CMtfertev...rraU DwrrtsflMHa, Ooelhttrtt AHa.
MepleUeef ........„T.U. HerHea, Paaotarv, Alta.
jffHM Wetanf ttmrt. WttM, % -T,
j*a*Mnrg...,,»......... .**»» iierrieOt r-Meoarg. Ana.
Tslier ',......"H'-trnttetmu, tbJbet, Ute.
Oeorvetofra. Caa*Mtv...Mas Hutter, Georgetown. Cwaore. AMa
Bmtae Mlnee Harry MeKenee, Merdett, eta Reeky Mont-
.** ata ii-0-M-M-, AmtetA, *
Writ '.I" I'tStX ;, (1;,-. v InVAr.? "rt.ft mt
ot that river, ft li wither an uncertain occupation: men are nrvnr sure
of their salary to tbe winter tim*. We
ran readily understand how difficult
dltion of the ground. This fell there
have been a number of men engaged
In it. I do mt know, Mr, Chairman,
whether or not it would In* possible to
utilise the nine million cubic feet or
gee tbat ve have at Vlhlng io blow
tbls gold out of tiie ground in tb« win
tet time. Xo dottbt thosp who Ux*
this mtMer in .hand will look Into 51
ta Bdnonton district wo have an
abaedame of food,    A thon time ago.
irtihtg from the work that was den*
for the Patetetie Food, <t«lt* a num-
bnt et men went out Utroagh the sur
wradtuf eoantry nnA interviewed th^j
fhrwer* retiring sfinfing In nwpv»l**\
to lhe needy ol Kdmofitwa.    On* <n*'
Wet—tta   Rtony   Main   Mstrlet   in
fftiWi theee le a population of Oemwt-fi
II
"tot-wow tavaft and Hf-N* at the Orflttwm, frtd*y not UtmrOty
A few weelu' rttt from BuiintM tt
Glacier Park or the Coast
#•11 gl** r«« * ft*w 8w* ot ute. «r to tbm* whoso tltee le llse-
Ited. lake -quickest routs k»i *.r *>**t, vk the Ur«>»t NortHera
Railway Co.
O* ttr>•'•«•» Wntmtrt t« -Wftitlt*
26 Henri to Victoria
39 Hours to Vancoorer
Direct connections at Rexford for East ft Wtst
Yon win ctjiy all th« eomttm ot moot modtnt railrood aftf-p**
ment   ('oonwrns and efficient employes wtll mate year trip
pWnn*
e*ltir* [i'99t*!taintji at*nt*,nt*ift
tirhtts, \tx m talk H ever.
I
Fer f(trtMr mfarmetiee nppty te
J.A. MANN, Agent
Bm* HAl FEKNIEK C f*«M !«!
iS«B
i'i
M ■'".'I*'■?_■** .-til-***.'
.-y^^T^r^
\.\-,^*!r -..*■„ ri'
.•'•*--
PAGE FOUB
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
ii-**
*7,v*>
Published every Thursday evening at its, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1,00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
mediumf Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
solor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
OURSELVES
Government applies the term "alien enemy," and
there is ono body of public servants whose position
peculiarly fits them to aet as mentors, provided
tliey themselves are not afflicted with jingo obsession—the school teachers—to whose care and guidance are committed the coming citizens ol! Canada.
Instead of painting all the glories of the battlefield,
eulogizing the bravery shown by those on our (!)
side, whilst denouncing the enemy, they should stop
to consider "the effect upon the youthful mind of
{some of their pupils who may be of German or Aus-
| trian birth.
j We are being repeatedly informed by the press
j tliat this is not a war against the German people as
i Germans, but against, the militristie systoni, there-'
i fore do not let any word or act of ours wound the
I tender feelings of a child by vaingloriously boasting
I of tli*o British prowess, and speaking in terms of con-
j tleiniiation of the foe,
| The following exeerpts from an article by Dr.
I Brady in the American Boy Scout official magazine
;iire worthy of -more than a passing thought.      hi-
_     ' [stead of so much talk about the glories of empire,
We have this week reduced the number of otn i a description of what war really means ought to be
pages and we feel sure Unit little apology' or ex- j taught to the children—
plariation to our readers is needed for this economy, j "List us consider'for a moment a country over
Advertising and job printing has suffered consider- *, which contending armies have already marched and
ably during the recent depression, and the Ledger j fought, and where they are to fight again. It will
has, with other'concerns, suffered. We shall en- j be a land of waste, cities will be burned, towns de-
lieavor to give our readers as much reading matter j populated, villages razed, forests cut down, crops
as heretofore by reducing size of type, hut would I destroyed, industries wrecked. Kvery boy lives in
ask correspondents to submit their news in language j a house; let hiin think of the results of the explo-
brief and to the point. This paper has paid out j sion of a shell in the centre of it. The house is torn
many hundreds of dollars during the past year for j to pieces, the furniture smashed to bits. The gar-
news, and we feel that while it is not our desire to j den is uprooted, the dog, the eat and the pet canary
cui..down items ji" eamp news, nevertheless we ar«vi have all been killed. Broken wagons, smashed im-
i-oinpelled to delete many of the little personal para-! pleiiients, shattered cars, abandoned cannon abound
•graphs that have hitherto been given publicity, j on all sides. The once smiling land is a desert.
With a return of better trade we shall revert to } There is death * every where—dead cattle, dead
our old size, but for the present tlie paper must j horses, dead women, dead children,
suffer the .same economy that has been inflicted On. "Before the battle, highways are crowded with
lhe staff. The members of District 18 will, we | pe0ple; old men aml'wonieiu mothers carrying little
feelsure, appreciate the position of the Ledger and j j)ui,je;S) (.iiji,im, dinging im grand pa's hands, all
the necessity of trying to make this paper self-sup-j fleeing from the army of the enemy.     No bands
play; there are no brilliant uniforms to be seen;
there is nothing to eat, no water lo drink.     Shells
aimed across the valley at the defenders fall short
———~~ j and explode among the fugitives.   They make great
In this issue will be found a complete report of^ups j„ the flying crowds.     The dead are thrust
lhe Commissioner's.finding in connection with tlipj.iwj,ic'. the wounded are left to suffer; the weak fall
Hillcrest Disaster Enquiry. \ |,y the way.      Babies are born hy the wayside;
We do not care to criticize this report, and, to bej tllcil. WailiiiK -mingles with the groaning of the
candid, do wit know whether we should not incur j;.jy|llg while the great mass struggle manfully on.
the severe displeasure of the Commissioner (who is;     .-^ ^ ^ innomit pe()pk      Who m, (1Hv.
a judge of the Supreme Court of Alberta) if we at-   ^-^ frmu th(>ir ll011les. wlln are kimilg thwu?
tempted same. The SOLPIKKS!■■   Truly « pleasant trade!     lt is
Labor Commission
In Calgary
porting.
THE REPORT ON HILLOREST DISASTER
~~^"Tirerp"art! tWo jrobits^tTrat'wc iMinrintTiBss-rTijThuWS"'
.ev-M*, without comment, anil the first is—that the
Commissioner admits that the initial cause of the:
explosion was gas.   Now, that gas must have been i
iu the mine; it could not have been anywhere else. |
Kvery -person with the most elementary knowledge
of mining knows that in* thc coal mines of this Pass '
there is more or less explosive gas which   is   eon-:
stantly exuding front the coal.   Kvery person also
knows, who hns any knowledge of mining, that the
ventilation of a mine serves the double purpose of:
supplying the miner with fresh air and neutralizing;
the dangers of the gas. j
Li the mine at Hillcrest, according to the exam- j
iuer-Vt report, there was gus iu seven places on the i
morning of the explosion.    Thus it is evident that i
not only was there a quantity of gas in the mine, j
but further, the management., were acquainted with j
the fact.    Nothing unusual in this, granted.   Hut j
if the ventilation had done its part how long should
thin gas have remained in the mine! Provided there
was no further outburst, it should have been "clear-
ed very rapidly."   Evidently it did not clear—
why!
Mr. Nirmaii Prater concluded his report on the
Uillcrext Explosion as follows:
"I miii firmly convinced that had there been a cur
the business of the soldier to kill and destroy; that
refllly is his only business;'that is what all his training is for—just that and nothing else. Dress
parading is a side issue.
"Most of my Boy Scout readers go to church, lt
is a large congregation that numbers fiOO. Kvery
regiment has lost that many persons killed and
wounded on an average. 1 am talking of the seriously wounded now. There arc always hundreds
and even thousands,,who are cut, bruised, grazed,
scratched, wrenched and otherwise hurt who are
not counted. When a boy gets hurt in work or
piny he knows how helpful is the sympathy and aid
of his fellow scouts, how sweet the care of his mother. Nobody is helping tho wounded between the
lines. The valley is still swept with fire; it is iin-
possible io go there. The wounded envy the dead.
The groans or shrieks or appeals of the wounded
are heard above the awful din—and, most horrible
of sounds, the screams of wounded horses; poor unwitting victims of the savagery of man.
"Back home, mothers, wives, sisters, sons and
daughters, in heartbroken anxiety wait for news
from the field.     Suppose your father or brother
were there!"
The above is no overdrawn picture, but might be
rent of fresh air supplied to the faces of No. 2 South i« Pen description of what has already taken place
«> as dilute nud render harmless noxious gases mH'» 1-Mglum, France, Austria and more recently in
r<qoir«d by taction 68 of the Mines Act, tbli accl j K»«t Prussia.
dant would Dover bave happened." Let us tells the boys and girls what war really
'The other point that attracted our attention was
the condemnation of shot-firing, and the uigvcstioit
means.    Teach them the horrors of it.    Instead of
glorifying the men who die in the battlefield point
tliMi tin" Mtoiihl be discontinued until ine danger> out how much more important it is that they should
from dust in this mine i» considerably reduced.    j grow up to be builders in the world'* broad field of
The miner here sees a possibility of his earning j life Cease inculcating into their impressionable
eapaehy being reduced, ami regardless of *'n> dan- j minds haired for the people of another country and
ger he run*, i* always ready—as he mitt: be—' 't>i{ strive fo engender in tlie youthful mind love and
take a chance." The company might, ity me.hatii-1 rcs|Mct for human beings, no matter whence they
• al means, and at some outlay, minimi** tlii* dan-j come. This is the sort of teaching which should
ger (wedo not say eliminate), but no! the worker is 1 appeal to those moulding the future generation
|M>»ali*ed to prc«t-rvc his own [tern'm and the eom-! rather than the recital of bloody deed* lhal have
patty's property.     So far as we read. th» commis-  characterised every hattie field since history liegan.
*'mmr did riot Miggcut ihat the company ti^iall ttu-, — — —
ihanh-ul sprinklers, nor sny other means of abating; Winston < hurehill announced in the British
the tlnst. but il in llie worker who iihim, a* imi.i) , lloiim* id « omtnotut ihe other day that Ihe total <•»■*.
bear thc burden of the "safety first" nnziti-slUu.      miltse* in the navy were o\cr ^.mnt. nearly all *f
We have to admit that the I Htiimw«t«ti! r -went*
to hare concerned hnrwtf more in ii'iMfer':^ f»»"
iiinti.nlloin* of Mr. Nontutu f-Yiiscr rlam he dm*.
ttt-fw* of tht* eosl eompmiv'* cX|M-rt.
thing for the southern part of the 'province to cope with, but it this Convention would, advise ways and means it
would help theni. The British. Government contemplates making a loan
of one' hundred million dollars at 3
per cent, but until this loan is put
through there will ibe very little money
to be had.
I came before this conference with
this resolution to help out the unemployed situation, that being so, I think
that1 if the Government "were really
wishful to proceed with this scheme
there .would be no difficulty as the
farmers are willing to bond their
lands for this loan of two millions, and
immediate relief would be given the
unemployed.
iMr. Hardy: (Municipalities must
take immediate steps to relieve the
situation that is lu each community.
I am 'going to speak for Lethbridge.
In the early part of the year we tried
to get employment for our citizens.
We iiad to pass this by-law to the
purchasers, and the purchasers turned
It down. In the case of Edmonton
the purchasers turned down the working capital.
Mr. English: The money, should It
be recovered by a tax?
Mr. ..Marnocli: The farmers undertake to pay $18.00 >per acre.
Mr. Wheatley: Just one section
benefitted; so much good done. Others
come up and they too must be looked
lifter.
The motion was put to a vote and
carried.
Resolution 2.
-Moved by iMr. L. W. Wheatley, seconded by IMr. English:
"That we request the Federal and
Provincial Governments to investigate
the importation of coal to this country
with a view to directing the trade to
the mines of Western Canada."
i.Mr. Tfllanthie: It is quite true that
Lhat the present,methods of transport-
lug and the tariffs militate much
against tlie larger use of our own coal.
There must .be something requiring adjustment when coal purchased is
brought in some thousand miles and
duty paid and still sold in competition
with our own coals.
The Chairman: Over 50 per cent
of the coal used in Alberta is import-
ed, or at least 50 per cent of the coal
=*tT-^r*£jv^i-ii-v7WHaBn"i*a"iiirt»uTW
iCoutlnned from I'lige Three)
iMr. English: I would like to ask the
Senator, if in the event of any contemplated work, being opened up that
would necessitate the utilizing of
Crown .Lands held by the Government,
for.-say, the cutting of ties, would you
anticipate any difficulty from tlie Dominion Government.
Seuator Lougheed: I am not sure
if the Umber limits are not owned by
private individuals. However, I am
quite satisfied that the Dominion Gov-
eminent would only be too glad to cooperate in auy plan that is feasible or
practicable.
The Chairman: They would give
their moral support?
Senator Leougheed: I think they
would give more.
Mr. Wheatley: In the case of an
alien being interned, who had a family,
would the Government look after his
family?
Senator Lougheed: I think Ihey
would have to. <-■
.Mr. English: Some of us have considered the question of utilizing labor
in the cultivation of land on a scheme
not hitherto .practised in Canada. We
think there are large resources in the
uncultivated or waste lands here.
Senator Lougheed: This same
scheme has, come up before the conference of the Grain Growers Association held at Winnipeg, and the President nntl managers of tlie Associations
seemed to think it could be worked.
Of course, I cannot say if the Dominion Government would do anything in
stifli a scheme—it would depend upon
its practicability. It would 'be a difficult matter to find large tracts of
land, and make the land more productive.
■Mr. Wheatley: The Southern and
Eastern parts of Alberta seem to have
suffered extremely on account of
' oti-L'lit. Xow. this is something tliat
is most liable to happen again. iCould
not some scheme be put forth whereby
an irrigation system be started, and
this would give f-mployment to those
iu need just now, make the land more
.productive and give relief for th-e
future.
The Chairman:   .There is a resolution that will be submitted covering
this.     We are here to discuss immediate relief.
 ResBlutTeff'N^T
Moved by G. R. Marnocli, President
Lethbridge Board of Trade; seconded
by Mr. P. Wheatley:
o That this conference respectfully
suggests to the Dominion Government
that Immediate steps be taken to proceed .vith the proposed Old Man Hlvi^r
Division Irrigation Project, whlcn con-
templates the application of irrigation
water to an area of some 100,000 acres
lit tbe district bounded by the Old
Man River on the west, the C P.. It.
Crow's Nest Lin» on the South, and
th-t Little Bow River on the Ba#i. This
irrigation water Is wanted by the farm
era In that district, who met at Iron
Spring, near Lethbridge, on October
28th, and passed a resolution to tbat
effect. An expenditure of approxl
mately two million dollars Is involved,
"In asking that the work be gone on
with immediately, the conference has
in view the fact that—
"(1) This would be a productive
work;
"(2) That it would provide tmme.
tltate employment oti the opening ot
spring for some skillet! labor, nnd for
a large amount of unskilled lnbor, that
might be supplied in part by farmers
and teamsters, and in part by unemployed from cities, and
"dl That It in urgently wanted by
the farmer* concerned, sud would
greatly Increase the production of
fooiUtuffi and of live stocks, and this
conference directs that copies of this
ir»otutlon bc forwarded to the Premier. Hir. It. I* llorden, the Minister of
the interior, the Minister of Afrrlml-
lure and the Minister ot labor.
Tl.l- VOUll-ltUCM potiiu out lll4l tlii*
project is one upon which when more
normal financial conditions assert
themselves, * loan for this ((mettle
purpone could be raised/'
Mr. ISngtish: This would practically rest about two million dollar**.
At -III or |2<) i»«>r sere some iWfibA
»iri*» -Aotilti U- affa-ried, It ihl» Isnd
tie!,-! In !«*» am- division*.
Mr. Msrneeh:   A Isrge number »«fc|^,?,*S?7* ,,k* T^1* Bf«»Wwl
.win *«wi!i»     «v«.»   *mi   um****!*M. k_*"»*rtw. snd other pieces, Is
*itn*A tb* j»efi?lr>!t s
• Hii I his work.
•UD.^1    X,S~
The motion ,was put to a vote and
carried.
Resolution  3
.Moved by L. T. Englieli, seconded by
iMr. Wheatley:
"That in the opinion ot this meeting such .public work as the piling
of the North side of the Bow River,
under the civic and Dominion auspices,
be immediately proceeded with, and
further that a copy of this resolution
be forwarded to Premier R. L. Borden.
Hon. A. Sifton. and to the Minister of
Labor.
There being very little discussion on
this resolution, It was put to a vote
and carried.
Resolution No. 4
Moved by Mr. English, seconded by
Mr. Parmllo:
That this committee recognises tbe
urgent need of providing to a larger
extent than heretofore, food snd shelter for the great number of workers
who during the coming months will bo
unable to find employment of any
kind. Further, that this committee
recognizes that the various charity or-
ganizaUons of the different cities of
this province are entirely inadequate
to cope with present situation, and
therefore recommend to the Provincial and Dominion authorities the providing of a fund to be placed In tha
hands of the -Executive of the various
cities of the Province to be used for
tite specific purpose of relief during
the coming winter. Thst copies of
thu resolution be forwarded to the
IVonftlntan .".ni Ptcnk.dal iimuiu*. and
hI»o to the different municipalities of
Alberta
Mr. TSisoUne: The completion of
s good many works or the shotting
down for winter has thrown manr
men out of employment, snd many
emigrants from tbe United States and
other places who hsve no work have
come to tbe cities, aad It does gut
seem fair tlut these cities should bo
ntbeA to bear all th* tmrdso. Xow,
it seem* as If the credit system at
the municipalities and provinces ought
to come to their aid.and alleviate distress. What we want is no sympathy,
but real help; otherwise there la bound
to be trouble and thiat will have to be/
looked after.
■Mr. Pride: I think that a municipal
lodging house is practically a degradation.
Miss Mushlkat: Why.cannot we follow the example, of the British Government. When the British Government needed transportation and the
€. P. R, could not give it, what did
they do? The city of'Oajgary is facing
a financial stringency. The banks of
this city are taking people's money
arid paying them 3 per cent for it, and
loaning it out at 8 per cent. W'iv
does the city not take over the banks?
'Mr. Hardy: if this lady can guarantee that I can take over Molson's Bank
in Letttbridge, I would Sike to know
how.
iMlssiMush'kat:   You could uot yourself jbut the City of Lethbridge could.
'The motion >\vas put to the meeting
and carried.
Resolution No. 5
.Moved by. Mr. Parmllo, seconded by
Mr. English:
"That this conference request Dominion and Provincial Governments to
take up the matter of employing men
for the purpose of cutting trees on
Crown lands and further that a cqpy
of this resolution be sent to the Prime
Minister, R. L. Borden, to the Hon. A.
L. Sifton and the 'Minister of Labor.
Mr. Parmllo:' As the railroad needs
ties, If it were possible to^ obtain the
timber from the Crown lands for this
purpose, a great number of men oould
be taken from the cities to do this
work, and thus be relievedtJSand their
work would be useful. I would like
to hear Senator Lougheed on this subject.
Senator Lomgiheed: dt would depend entirely upon the practicability
carried out.
.Mr. Wheatley: I would like to ask
Senator Lougheed if he does not think
the cutting of ties from the Crown
lands is practicable? -
Senator Lougheed: I think It might
be in this case.
Air. iMItebell: I think something
like this is going on just now. It !s
possible we might have theBe ties cut
and have them on our hands for years,
as any railroad would be sure to have
definite contracts for this class of
material. And then again there is
the danger of loss from fire.
The resolution iwas put Wthe meet
ing and carried.
Resolution No. 6
—^ioved"ftr^7T^KenneyrTnd"W}T6ncF
ed by L.,T. English:
"That In the opinion ot this meeting
the Dominion Government should take
such steps as will result ln the acquiring of lands ln sufficient area with
Uie Object of applying labor In the
production of food stuffs, the same to
be at the disposal of the Government
in dealing with a situation that may
become more acute In the near future.
Mr. Kenney: As it is now a large
number of men go out on homesteads
with purely the speculative idea and
as soon at they prove up on the laad,
mortgage same or sell it, and not for
the production of food stuffs. I think
it is high time that the government
reserved the use of land for the pro*
ductlon of food stuffs. I think the
Government of necessity will have to
take suoh steps.
iMr. English: Mr. Kenney has touched upon n point that brings in review
our whole property owning, and points
to one of the greatest evils by which
wealth is produced. It Is all speculative and this policy spreads to our
Institutions which is all more or lets
on sv gambling J*sls, and the entering
of the Government on a productive
enterprise is the entering wedge of au
improved order, It would answer the
necessity thst the nation Is facing and
help In the solution of the unemployed situation.
The resolution wns put to the meeting and carried.
Resolution Ne. 7
Moved by Mr. Wheatley, seconded
hy Mr. Kngiish:
"Thst as the high price of food Is
also a serious question et this time
we recommend the Dominion Govern*
meat takin* steps to determine and
control the prices of food staffs."
Mr. Prrde: Hss the Dominion Gov*
eminent power to regulate these
prices?
Senator Lougheed:   I think the ex-
TORTURED BY
"Fruit-a-tives" Cared Paralyzed Bowels and Digestion
ST. BONIKACB SB Shawinigxn, Qu*.
Feb. 3rd. 191*4.
"It is a pleasure to me to Inform you
thet after auffering from Chronic
Constipation for 2# years, I have been
cured by uPrnit-«-tivesll,. While I
was a student at Berthier College, I
became so ill I was forced to leave the
the college. Severe»pains across the
intestines continually tortured me aad
it came to a point when I could not
stoop down at all, and my Digestion
became paralyzed. Some one advised
me to take "Fruit-a-tives" and at once
I felt a great improvement. After I
had taken four or five boxes, I realized
that I was completely cured and what
made me glad, also, was that they
were acting gently, causing no pain
whatever to the bowels. All those who
suffer with Chronic Constipation
should follow my example and take
"Fruit-a-tives* for they are the
medicine that cures".
MAGLOIRB PAQUIN
"Fruit-a-tives" aresoldtyall dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for (2.50, trial size,
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
I
:'trtiuin nn* iletnl- imt swumM.     tin* run uh.I«t.
*«faiiit why nit ff»tvi>Hiiitctits fttivi- <f<*prf««*«ft«<t rit.-t<
Hiiiciili'*   Hf fliis tf.llfW! it tiitiv lie I'linfiileiifly im-uTt-
wl ijilJtl w-w -«f thi» wttrkme *\ntm.    Kviil«»iifh* th#»
» mwn who rwirs n tnre* fwmilv w lh*» *rt*ni**t i>nir«.» f ■»«nv^ „„*!,. -^
•klw t» pmc*l Itm,tm' *»* « «• »«* A* *»•» «* t*mA
t their bond*.    There will bt 0 nuosber
Thst would mean for
Mr. tiitttttfh
n*"\t wimtwr
Mr.  Marnorit'    Sett *prtn«'.   Prse*
nrallv th<* mho!* of Ihi* two million
of skilled and unskilled workers who
will !«■ out of *ork, and t myself caa
•peak for a tradesman, as I am a car-
p-vn.li.ftr titU lunv-f' wo*k«4 onty le©
m-omha thin ttor. bnt I bar* ato*tb*ii
wfi#it#v*r I cot lhe ebnm*.  I think
tniordlnary powers, due to the war
measure, will be sufficiently wide €0
permit them dealing with this matter.
Mr. English: Could not the Government arbitrarily, fix prices ou. oertaln
food stuffs, and thus deprive the provision rings taking advantage of people's necessities ln this straits?
•Mr. Wheatley: I think it very necessary that the Government should
control food .prices as most of the employed are now working for less wages
nnd time considerably shortened.
The Chairman: lt simiply means
that iwe would like to see the Govern-
aient exercise Its power in regard to
.provisions and food stuffs.
Mr. English: On the American side
wi- see that the people there are breaking up the trusts and corn-bines, aud
there is no reason why -we should not
liave some recourse of any undue
manipulation of food stuffs.
. (Mayor Hardie: I think we are running to resolutions. I came up here
to endeavor to help the unemployed.
We are not doing anything; we are
Bimply wasting time. If we cannot
get any help from municipalities, provinces or Dominion, there is no use of
usC>belng here. ■ What we want is
something conCTewrtBStr»TlrT>ro<iu-5e~
money, and help the unemployed.
The Chairman: I agree we are not
accomplishing much. Evidently it Is
tho intention of tihe Dominion Government not to assume any responsibility,
but to try and pass It on to the provincial, while the Provincial Government
say It is a case for municipalities.
We are not accomplishing anything at *
all. It is useless to sit here and discuss. If we want assistance iwe will
have to change our nationality and become aliens, as they are the only unemployed at the present time who are
receiving assistance. As It is. we are
simply wasting time.
(Mr, Farmllo: I think we fcave accomplished something. We iwlll go
back to the other cities and get their
different schemes; the citle* can go
to the Provinces, and tbe Provinces
can go to the Dominion tor financing.
1 do not think the nutter of passing
resolutions was absolutely useless. It
Is as important as Uie Irrigation in the
south, and that matter has been fin*
ruined and resolution passed; we nre
accomplishing something. TMs Is on
epoch marking meeting. I think If
the delegates to this Labor Conference
get busy and the cities get busy, and
the Governments do their part, the
situation ean be relieved. We do
not want charity, but some useful, productive labor that ean be found in the
different districts and commonltles.
Mr. Ragllsh: I am entirely tn hsr-
mony with Brother Fsrmilo. If this
meeting *aa accomplished nothing else
then 10 show ttet the Dominion Gov*
ernment are prepared to go te on any
of the schemes presented to them Uy
the banks from the provinces and the
municipalities, tt has sbo«a us bow
we ean arrange for the provUioa of
funds. Tke road has bom opened np
to us. tn the ettleo buildlngi ben
coma te completion; other w-srka have
fCeotleeei ra Psce Five)
••OWB TOUCH OF iYMPATHY MA KM TRI
WttOtS WORLD AKIH
In I hU htnn **f ili*tr< *» ainl llutt ii i« -im in * nr nf
tlittftftt -fwn th«» ifSfris optimist wtnot irainwiy.
iliffrT»«lt*"r «»f rrwil. rolur or iiatioiialit.v «hniit«l Su
nt tlt«« ilay       INmitily th«* twrirvnlntit.  wiicn  <li**\    Mr. llsnty"    I tMnk *th1« vntffit bi«j
liiiMine il«l*% Ifi Iho nrntr will tvmmeher ihU amli* eM™ t0r •_** «<w#rnment lo attain*
not lm* with tmeh r«»fite«i|»tiiMM jtlty tm Ibi
uh-   li;** I'-Ki-wvl. ttt j* rmmnti- » lt*ru*> tuin-ly
1 tt*. the beads.
Jlr. "Msnwteh:
I would like to hear
-— —"--—•"■ ***** to what fe* thlnU et thte ss i» f**l-
Thf two million itulUrs lhat it i* rbi«n«^l i« Im-ihh, M* and prictlml srhenw.
tbr?    **Msal»r Loach-ml:   Tbla Province
i">¥ *•*,-,
"'*
l«M .vM* «nil all work hannontimsljr to-gHher for  -«|M«iil l»y tli*- F««il#»r»l fim-rninnrirt l«» "rvlu>vt»    	
the mmmtm good; th# dominant thought *hoitl«l W  former* wmM hex* |»l«^l am/NM mm *m Uh ^^i^^^^JZm^^U^
Imwfowt reit etr miniitfr to tk* wrtl-hrinf of *nf-  ami giv<«ii them * workingr rapifal »»f #2.<*»»!   Jimt | mtm* 'rm eoald mt th* nrrreisir
f'Ting huomiMt,*    N'O o».-««-l> It*  iU-ni-.mii «.i'**■»»•»•,,   vliii.k ot' .'*'      \*»\ ,ii,* \**** miliimi tl......r*. i-,..uij» 1 it-iruutioii pawed, as tbe (itiviramcBt|
alTfMWSrh of thew we tio not sjM^fc iHtr^atintfk ft« *to ♦♦n-ltpvp*" tht'm' Ami irtill thew «r»> »*-ttrv !t.-Ail-:*«»*M «*»* twsvaa^* »«y mt% brem-tnl
ihey Att mtrn\y W^t-ii ntiii t'..rtrr^*,tiiYim\x .,^1';- ,-,1 i,„liii.|iwK «}... Au, m JJWJ iht- ruYma .■lutvn'*,y ^ ^^.trmnt m-ntntormi. j
rl»M. hut IlkewW let .u t.^Uy a spirit tnw.r-.l« ' bnv* * *««,n«l* -,*t *x~mix* mity -that -*« why; l|i;,,1**, M^j, J^^8^
Ihoaf *vfco. fiwattsp of mn»t..i»'nhlir» ewr»,»tit <ith\*t*i. 1b*x ar* 1ht> reltng i-fa^r Itt twenty yt nrt ti»m-;»„*., ^,, ^i,*),^,,^; m mn^*rot pe^f
fint mm tb# liffct *»f ila> in •»•!•» of th.- ««ntittri'* |M*o|tli, wh-i'ii t!w> u»**h U*\*»* aum<u-<l will. --n*n-m\t*("■&* m*ml4 »N i^inwerstf work,* the!
how at war with Oreat Itrilsifi awl h*r alii#* imrcheemg a hnmonm* f**r*mlhml mil   -a   ftti^ »*•«»'*• *<*M ■*• mtbtett (0 heavy »*»J
"   la Oiiailistriet. wfcerr tWre «r«>«.. »miy .l»ffrr*»i»t, r*iM<luu "l»*ai..r>." m*\ it th*-y *U w»t «m • t,.-k. * '*"* T"*" m''"^m \n',M w*m ^ *
V, . ,   . 1     it 1    .  1 .   1   t ,     t    <i ••   . .       ,*,%,, „    ,      y-e*tUte tm-tlm of the -cwgiifry-
iMiti-ftAnHtt'"* re|»rf«entwl, fsi*1 showwl i»»- takt-n n**x  i**x t*i iwMii    vt  iv«»4t .»rt«»niv win b* n** i.ittl?   »| f*.pif
be fcurl li* a»a«*|»tih»Ht»«,« »f tfeow1 to whom thn» Uh*- "'**lmmmtmt7t,%-** *nth*e¥in*i" ot tfc«* |»-?.-...!     *    mPi v**»«eb. tliii xchsmi Is
tAmmtm-am   mt^^mm-t .
m-_m-        ■ ••■  WtwWm
It At indirect tmm ef	
■^^eometetnttm'*n0lreettet-Wetf
Ml -drags t»mottn~
tetteotle Mtotfn "
1 lha red wrptmlia.
beCmeUmeaW
«heU4r,ff«*1ff*it«tV
9\mA *1U-»4*I**» fl
vtHmwiuasstiiAiir.
tu&tm
BBBflHBB
No  Matter  How Well
You Pool
Yonr appetite is h-Mimf Ia feel tha nt+A of nometbirtt* ete.
eet»tionallr faaty and rood at thia ■nsrtietilar mnnm, nnA
hekntt enwfnl nhrnit the met! jron fin^jr Is an Important fa<».
I*r.
Qovcrnrnont !nspoctad
Mtato
Kept fresh and clean until wr?ed 011 the Uhle ia something
yon shooM imiM on. Don't think thtt hemtm we five fern
high grade meat thit our priees are h-t&i
"QUALITY OUR HOBBY"
The 41 Market Co.
w
, ******** THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
PAGE FIVE
of The  District Camps
jftl1
COAL CR5EK NpTE^       ♦
► ♦♦♦♦♦ mm ■**.'♦♦ -m
T-he mines wer«,}dfe from 3 .p.m. Saturday until 7^uju; Tuesday.
Satard^r. rwas^y day up iere.
Some< very- lean envelopes were seen.
,. The following ladles were elected
as ju^laveistigatlon committee for the
1'"^istributipn of relief up here: 'Mrs. D.
/OKartln.; Mrs. E. Coughlan, 'Mrs. Work-
f jt jian, Mrs. J. T. Dixon, Mrs. T. Worth-
"* ington, Mrs. H. iMiard, IMrs. Stoodley,
Mrs. Hugall, Mrs. S., Poxton aud .Mrs.
T. Reid.
Suhscriptious towards the children's
Christmas tree should be sent to W.
lt. Puckey or Robt Johnstone.
Tom (Michell, with No. 31, was the
winner of the hand-pegged rug drawn
for on iMonday.
A numiber of friends assembled to
jgive 'Mrs. Jones a hearty send-off Won
lier departure for Pennsylvania.
Thc system of working, as -practls-
ed at present, seems to meet with gen-
-eral approval.
Sam Proctor met with Injuries to his
lituitl while following his employment
Iu the mines which necessitated him
laying off work for a time.
Owing to tlie Hard Times IXance being held in Fernie on Monday next
the L. O. O. M. will not hold their
usual .weekly meeting .Monday next.
The next meeting will be Xov. 30.
Mrs.' J. Diggrig-g arrived back in
camp after a few months spent in England.   ,
.lack O'Mrieu left camp to seek fume
ancl fortune in sunny Alberta.
Several residents have left to try
tlieir fortunes in tlio Brazeau country.
The local relief committee met on
Thursday last ami dealt with several
cases of relief.
iThe first of a series of monthly
•Concerts he-Id under the auspices of thc
Ladies Aid in collection with the Coal
{'reek Methodist Church was held on
Tuesday evening before a very large
,- attendance', Mr. Stoodley occupying
tbe chair. The program was long
and'.varied, while the feature of the
evening was the debut of the Brownite
Glee Party, composed of several mem-
:r3^*s-HD#-4h-e*--<*4H>i?--r^Re^
en by Misses Joyce. .Millburn, Mar-
chant and Young. Songs .were rendered) by hlessrs. Home, Davidson,
Joyce, BHlsboroiigh, Uixmore, and J.
•Gibson, who obliged with a selection
on the mouth organ, viz,, "Tipperary,"
in whioh the audience joined. The
National Anthem brought the evening
to a close.
Don't forget the Hard Times Dance
on Monday, Xov. 23rd. Tickets can
tie had from R. Hillsborough or W. R.
Puckey.     Do It now!
Tbe householders of this burg are
indulging ln their usual winter pursuit
—vis., paoking water as a result of
, frozen pipes.
Thc liquid refreshments-at the club
(were servtst] out in chunks during the
week-end  owing to  the  heating sr.
raniremente being out of order.
the 'boxes and secured four in jig 'time.
•The bachelor's friend left camp in
a hurry on the night of November 9th.
He didm't even .wait to hid good-bye to
bis many friends. Maybe there was a
lecture somewhere on matrimony, or is
there some new pastures want attending to?
Joe Plassman quit this week, and
with others went. south.
.Horace Barringham, better known
as "Joe," blew in from the .north a
week or so ago, and is visiting his
■brother in Coalhurst for a few days.
Joe has been up"' the Yukon for the
past two years on a prospect, and reports good results up the Crooked
River,
'Fred -Phillips quit the Chinook last
week and is taking a chance at thef
recruiting office, Lethbridge.
George Olshaskl got into a scrap
last Monday with his heating stove.
He might have done considerable damage because George was mad, but seeing that the other party was somewhat
heated also, George was satisfied to
call off the fight until things cooled
down.     Damage: a broken elbow.
George Taylor came 'back to camp
Tuesday and was lucky enough to get
a job right away working in a room.
Tommy Gordon started to work on
.Monday with the ibotler gang on top.
Joe Boscariol, an Italian, got fired
last .week for sending out dirty coal,
and not being too well fixed financially, he ventured to perform certain
cnligraphic stunts on his time check,
which if not noticed by the pay clerk
would have secured the amount needed. But the result of the clerk's scrutiny wns disastrous for George, and
Corpl. McCarthy, of the R.X.W.M.P.,
here, arrested Joe ou a charge of forgery. He is now awaiting trial at Lethbridge.
An irrigation convention is billed
for the farmers in this district to be
held in the Coalhurst Theatre, Friday,
Xov. 20th.
Mr. tMcXell, commissioner for the
Western Coal Operators' Association,
and District President W. L. Phillips,
were In Coalhurst Thursday In an endeavor to settle a dispute which arose
some time ago over a naw system of
room and pillar work, which the com-
Twmj-hitTomicen:—The^aTtteirnamea'r
the miners get it Further that we
are not responsible for the unemployed all over the District, and neither
was our Executive Board, and we
should not entertain suoh a program
at all.
Ft was decided at the same meeting
to -hold our union meetings on Sunday afternoon during the winter.
♦ ♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ CORBIN NOTES ♦
♦ By "Rambler ♦
♦ ♦
X
along with local officials of the company and union, inspected the places
lu dispute and the local union are now
awaiting a satisfactory settlement.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ COALMUH8T
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦**♦♦♦
Tht» recem cold snap brought prosperity into camp in th" shape of
«>eady work for over k week.
A box social was held h the church
Thursday evening and a good time
rime was enjoyed by those present
llltMlne, although only In small amounts, .was -quite lively snd interesting.
One psrty assumed a monopoly oh
Local Union Notes
District President Phillips was present at the union meeting on Friday
last and gave the membership Quite a
talk on many matters of importance
affecting us locally nnd the district
generally     The circular relating to
the unemployed and assessing of the
membership-who are working on a per
rentage basis to assist those who are
not working was explained, and after
some  dlacussion  it was decided  to
hold a special meeting Sunday to put
It to a vote.    The special meeting on
Sunday wns well nttnnded. the hall being packed, and the matter receiving
consideration and criticism from all
nationalities.    A motion to condemn
the matter without a ballot was seconded and carried unanimously carried.  The members voiced their nenti*
niejits along ihe lines that we had
beea practically. Idle al this end of Um
district for many months, in fact for a
wSiole year, without relief, and that
now we were getting a little steadier
work sssessments were mentioned to
take cure of the unemployed.     Al*o
that the farmer's were getting relief
from the government, why ahouldn't
Tbe smoker held ln tbe Olub Hall
Saturday evening was, thanks to an
energetic committee, a decided success. A moat interesting programme
had. been arranged and this, 'backed by
a liberal supply of the necessary "ammunition" made the evening a most
enjoyable one. Such affairs in Corbin are always far from being of the
"dry" order.
The program included songs by several locals of much merit, and one
finds lt impossible to pass over the'
affair 'Without commenting on the Individual performances of the various
artists, and 'each are to be congratulated on their showing, if Saturday
evening's performances are any criterion of what is to follow then Corbin's
population need not worry in anticipation of a dull winter. Songs were
forthcoming from the following? Bil-
lie 'Bell gave an excellent rendering of
"Blackle, where art thou"; "Gill," who
has u voice of spkntl-id quality when
operating on the lower half of tin!
"scale," but which has a decided dislike for "ciliniibing," sang in a touching manner "As 1 stood on the Doctor's
doorstep, weary and ill at ease," and
on being called back gave as an encore
"Put your anus around me, Brownie."
"Gil" was visibly affected as he gave
the .latter and the majority of the audience were not sorry when he struck
the last note, for "scenes" at such
times haw a tendency to mar the proceedings. ''.Missouri Bill," who has
not sung iu public for some considerable time, but who, in the course of
his daily toil in the woods recently has
been trying out his rich baritone with
a_vkw'	
event, gave in a most pleasing manner that old favorite, and at the same
time" appropriate, Item, "Why was I
born so beautiful?" Bill was in his
best form nnd his voice and pronunciation weio .perfect. Several other
artists contributed songs and acrobatic
stunts to the evenings enjoyment,
which concluded with the singing of
the Xationai Anthem. Those capable
of doing bo rose to their feet during
the singing of the latter, but under
the circumstances their failure to accomplish that was not considered auy
breach of etiquette,
Mr. George Pellam, who always held
the fair sex In high esteem, vacated
IiIh position nt tlio counter of the Flat-
h-wiii Trading <'o.'s Store in order to
.unlii> room for Miss Hunter.
Mrn. T. Biggs, of Fernie, who has
li.U'ii visiting ..Mrs. J. Mtiodoiiiiltl and
family for n few days, left for her
homo on Wednesday lest.
Mr. Murphy, of Coal Creek, and Mr. j
M. l», McLean, of Michel, were In town
Tuesday last.
Tlio milieu .worked (lie u*uul four
.I.ii*; l;ut* u't-tfk. Work on Hie now
•.inline lit Jimt nbout finished, and as
it matter of course, quite u number
of Inborrra will be laid off,
Ralph Hlmpaon, who has obtained
employment here, In being jolui.il uy
his wife and kiddies this week. At
present they arc residing nt Michel.
COLEMAN NOTES ♦
■Born—Thursday, >*Jov 12, to Mr. and
Mrs. (Martin Bowman, a son. (Mother
and child doing well.
tMrs. Penn and daughter were in
town this iweek from Htlcrest saying
good-bye to friends before setting out
on a holiday in the old country.
J. Hopkins left on Saturday for a
visit to his old home in Wales.
J. Hilling and son (Vincent) lert on
(Monday for Oklahoma.
.Fred Coty has severed his connections with Goodeve's Hardware Co.,
where he has been employed for a
number of years, and started in fousi-
business for himself.
Charlie Campbell, blacksmith to the
coal company here, has severed nis
connection with them and started In
businessf or himself.
i.Miss .MieCormack, of the Hospital
staff, dislocated her shoulder by slipping on the ice while skating Tuesday
afternoon.
There are only some sixty men working at the International Coal Co.'s
mines. About seventy men were laid
off this week at Carbond'ale mines,
while the rest are working half time.
A special meeting of Local 2633 was
held ln the Opera House Sunday last.
The recommendation from the District
Executive whereby funds could .be raised to help the unemployed .was defeated by 84 votes to 7. Although no alternative scheme was suggested, it'
was the opinion of the membership
that the recommendation from the Distriot wits no good, seeing that it went
outside the scope of the union.
At a special meeting of Carbondale
Local held in the Opera House, Sunday
last, the recommendation from the
District Executive was defeated by 52
votes to nil. While considering the
Executive's scheme unworkable, it was
thought that the matter should not be
dropped, and a committee was appointed to draw up an alternative scheme
and report to another meeting.
Frank Leary and Louis Satorl .went
gentlemen to think that the Dominion
Government is seeking to evade its
responsibilities. The Dominion Government, as far as it can, has carried
out public .works. The Dominion
Government finds it impossible to
carry out public works; they cannot
divert money issued under the War
Act; that money must be used for war
measures and not for contracts. The
Dominion Government has carried out
such public works where contracts
had been let before the declaration of
of war, but they cannot enter into new
contracts. It is very desirable that
all 'bodies get together for some sort
of concrete proposition.
Mr. Wheatley: Has auy work in
Calgary—public  work—been held up?
Senator Lougheed: Tlie Drill Hall
and plans for the Post Office must be
tied up till the financial sltuutbn is
somewhat relieved.
iMr. Wheatley: There are a lot of
men looking to this Convention for assistance, and I trust that something
will come out of It. I am here to
represent the miners. They are in
a very acute and impoverished condition, some of them only working five
days a month in Michel. In Fernie
two seams are being worked half time.
I was asked to call here to see if there
was any way to deal with this specific
problem. It is better to look into the
faces of well-fed men than into the
hungry and expectant faces of those
who are asking for help. 1 want to
see If there is a way of solving this.
Coal is needed, and as much coal is
being used this winter as last, winter.
Why is it not coming from om- mines,?
Mr, Hardy: I am a practical man;
I want something concrete. Senator
Lougheed has told us to get together
to bring about results. How can this
•be done, Senator?
Senator Lougheed: The only way is
to -get together. I y.nnot lay down
a general scheme. The question of the
unempolyed is always with us; it is
not only during hard times, but during
prosperous times. It Is like the poor
whom we have always with us. This
question of unempolyed mus\ be dealt
with by each civic group. For In-
siniire, tho City of Calgary finds that
cer of the Alberta Federation of Labor
1 would like to convey to Mayor Hardie
that my scheme whioh they put forth j
in which the labor men assembled
could help I am sure they .will render
every assistance. This Federation
will do all in its power to relieve distress, to help along any contemplated
work, plans for the future, permanent
'bearing or in any permanent work the
organized labor bodies will not foiget,
and the things urged here will get ths
support of the labor bodies.
Chairman: Gentlemen, on behalf of
the Alberta Federation of Labor,' 1
wish to thank you for your attendance
at this meeting.
The meeting then closed.
-   \X%
HERE ISA SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as .well.
With a polio? In our oM tine
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends of tb*
earth and you know you're secure.   The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
is always cheapest, end eeipecl-
ally so when it doesn't cont
higher. Don't delay about tbat
renewal or about that estra insurance you want but come right
in ait once and have it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
FERNIE, B. C
T. W.  DAVIES
Funeral   Director
and    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN     nw°€HSxpmoH' ,43     ALBERTA
\a3
to_jLeiiia& into slump fnr thin l°-ut h»»tinS the latter end of last weekly laohieauian-lxuMi^i =-U«_it-m>-*o
" '— rb*n,-C ~ -~ -" ^^    ^n****^.
anTFetPnH^tITarfIire~bTg deer. The
head Is considered the best that has
been brought Into this camp.
Early Saturday morning fire was discovered ln the premises occupied by
Maletta nnd Colisima, Italian .warehousemen. The fire brigade was
early on the scene and soon had the
fire under control. Some damage was
done to the stock by water.
A few of th* boys who have volunteered for the front left Tuesday for
Pincher Creek to get medically examined.
.The pupils of Wm. Beddlngton, gave
an exhibition of the dumb bells and
Indian clubs in the Rex Theatre-^n
Monday evening, which wus creditable
to both teacher and pupils.
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE	
■**■
Best  Accommodation  In  the  Pass.—
Up.tp.pate — Everv    Convenience.-^-	
Technical Classes at Coleman
The following classes will be offered
by the Coleman School Board during
the winter months. Registration meet,
ing to be held on Monday evening n(
8 p.m., nt tho Council Chandler.
1.   English  (for non-English). Registration fe* $2,00.   Teacher, MIhk
Voglaml.
Elementary KtiglUh and mathematics. Registration te* 12.00.
Teacher, IMss Watt.
I'reparator claim in applied mathematics and mochnsicD. RpRiMnt-
tion fee. 12.00.
..Mining clsaa for min-m. leading to
1st class, 2nd clsss and 3rd eian*
certificate*.   Registration fee t-l.
No Extra Cost
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder is not
a contributor to the increased cost of living.
Its price has not advanced, although
there has been a great increase in the cost
of cream of tartar, from which it is made.
Dr. Price's Cteam Baking Powder makes
the ffawt wid most wholesome food and is
most economical in practical use.
DaBlUKjITIfllttiK
the Province, and -the Prcniiu-?,
tlrcugli the bank, to the Dominicu
(■overnmn.t. and by taking n'lvantiige
of the War Measure Act, not s can be
Issued.
Resolution No. 8
■Moved by Mr. English, seconded by
Mr. Farmllo:
"That In the opinion of this meeting
tlie pitn adopted by the British (lov-
ernment In utilizing labor organizations for the distribution of public
in mis to destitute members is one that
lean -be safely adopted by civic, Dominion and Provincial authorities. And
further, that a copy of {hix Resolution
be forwarded to the Prime 'Minister,
R. L. Borden, to the lion. A. h. Sifton
and the .Minister of tabor.
Mr. KnglUli: Senator houghed!
showed whero the Province can get
money anil where thp cities can net
Money: now comeft the question wiiet*'-
by I tlil'iK we can safely follow the
British plan of distributing rolief
tliroiiKh labor unions.
Mr.  Kenney:    I would like to a«l;
Mr. iMid'hi'll  If  it  In not  pot-mihle for
| the uoi eminent to appoint one man to
find out thi" number of the unemployed and then, if po«iti!iJ<>, to place nn
msnj an i sn !« on these form*.   The <
Provlwe would not he at a v««ry gnwit |
e* pun tie in i».i> Iim the »,iliir>  of J.liinj
one man. ;
Mr, Mitch-ell; 1 f-uti nn* m> object itm.
to such a trhenx. Many farmer* are;
In a position to take one mnn for the!
winter for nomlnnl unite* or maybe i
Tiorm! find I'li'lt'"" And In '
som" i-nprs n imm nnd hi* wife j
Mr.  K-ditney      Firm find out  the
excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES AND uENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
ill
\
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
14 snd I.". r-Mpwtlvnly.   Tm^Iicm,
.Messrs. W. A- Davidson end I'-Mer- fnr B|mpjv
AlUii.   vtiui  uii; iiMth t-l«»»e« ..i
and I. J
77**,' *i'd " *"* °'*" ,0 :"*k ! numb*r of ""• m,,,°>H M a m:l" nuy'
snd female adult*. U^ %orMn% ,odn, arM, ,,n, |0.ntorro*.l
Tne reclstrstlon fee represent* total||Calh(lf (h„ |f,,M,r mlou, ,.|v„. „„«„,„.,. j
H. G. 600DEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We wilt furnish your house from cellar to -garret and st bottom prices.   Csll, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention,
if you ere eatlsfisd, tell ether*.   If not satisfied, tsll us.
Coleman
Alberta
.'barges for tuition during the s*»»l<»ii
A h«»srty Invitation U estended to
all.
Labor Commission
lie* Bhould kw'i a line mt Hit1 unemployed m h««l|i out tln» iiowrttment officer*.
Mr. Hmttti: ..Mr. Chairman, (here \*
erriiiteh work In tht* prntlix-e tb\* winter to keep every mail going, i tmldlns
  (bi» in *m«iif enough to do it,   There
-H-MHlM-ar-S frew Pm* Vmmrt |*r* a -Wiilier ol -srll-to-do farmem :u
....,",,.., ,      Mhls roun'ry. m »i»IMtMle at an) farnt-i
had lo utop for lack of funds: we Iwvel *....,    . ,, „
,      . . .     - . ...**** 2*'**   "'•» .Sit...  ItitU  StttHtii ...   «.*-««.*   ...
bsd«gte«tl«n.a.tohowthWm«shtl?(,.r! ^ ,;fUM  ^ ,.,aU     ^
I'm* tmof ef! with.
...      ' , \%*m a  miiiXmum  nut*, someone  »»i
He»*t*r !*»st»*d:   tiny l be J*r-Ihl,,„ m ,»,,. r,w#, vul , ,Wwfc |f „**,,.„
V*
"V
miUflionj' lbat In my ludgumu UM».„„„,vilPai5t<   -w.-iM iMWi u luNnr
fWrrstlaa of Labor «re to b* *onnn j ,wfw,  wv   ,„   r,,*.,m> WHn^whi.
i»i.ita,l it|p* tm mMte mthbo »hs» I punta,. Hr„ ,„ „, »„,, Mmr, of tne
I b**o t*tiA*T*A    Tbt* WNitt#r !• nf t***,*. i
(est laietwci co all. and the lirtmintnn. " „   ^
tuwurmmt » mm ««*mi« te «e*»lw1^, „T,, ., h:ir^X uu tbm* «w
reepo»*<bilii>r    tbe Mveirfiwl. Hw-Jn^ „ filr «,„„♦   viltbt not t!w
mm mt mu»l Mikorfile** *n4 tk*llamm t§|f# Mwlw ot this to re-
Governments must ea' h assume res- 4net of f|fp |h#1r Jir#fl„, H#|pf
t«j,a«U*Illi?      Th* <ml| mny lh*t *"» •     ,.    .,      *.       , . ....
taim twnrret* tome tt* ntrem&tnb** u^ |hil ^^ t-m»M mich: inn* »#-|
was tkemgh the co-ope hi Doe of ihewe' «■••»!«•« of thia.
thw* bom**.    Yon   twillewwi   rsnj    The dwlrmen:   If ** bnt* nothing J
readily *** hew Imposstbf* It mmlA -, #^^0 W0 tat# ,„, w<# •titinsr b*m,
b* tor tb* Ikminim flovenuiwei to!    Mf ,|j|f|Jy.   , tm h<r„ wfU| , ,,,,„
h*»:S*e IbU nkm*.   It a}«st b* ihnwsh L,^, proposition      Ednwaton f*e«   *j
,M**vf„*r,n.,M or -At ttxti'vijuud bmiw*.  ,oacmt? ^^j,^
I will v#*tefw to my thet tf meek ew f mtf_
,.*        .  * *','".       jl.i.9    Uv    .i.    9liUi.:*t,    J-ll'tl ,
t:..\ mj> ii***  I'll
* I
#f Hwtat
MOAUW
itke l'fnt»r« A*4 thorn two ttoAHtn
Uwsmit ***** -M-Vfo*- te tke IkMSielM
J«l*ff*»»fi»seM»r, tttnt metier the Wsr life*.
\mttf* Art -tOMetMng miM t!i#n t»ej
! *.,•- i-rmffittt+ti    1  nrn'M tux  'i'Sk,* )m
Mr,  Mtiifcull
iv.
my ihst I em ht-r*-
jlwee net l*er»..!
' What I bun* h»-i*H
■-'•ss'tiA. 1 in:*. *i
--  i-nvttat-toik      |
.M[hifi«    tnX-*\
*■** ffin*i»#'»*i»-4
^#fai ^^jyykt^^a^ai
ShUohlBGim
i HIVrobUti...j .„:tci*.ascuti
»l» Ik* tUtamrtnmif' %•*'**#■*      ttV   nam
) bare m nam** tn i-i** 11 ivrmimt*, t*t*
!l aw tto*t nnthottiifil u h'.uA tbt* (J«»i* l
f *mm*nt to mvi'v *-...-   ^fii»n f to htrt'
1   will ybm* btttitt   tm i*»Att<r»weKt ,<
***•* 4lfT*n«i tm-4m-:t1m*.. 1
Mr. KegHtb    „v> m iedif}.i»n «m--
•
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
*•«•« Quality Stor«"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
Leckte Mine Shoei, Invlcttii, Reft! and K Main
Fine Shoes
Onll snd Inspect mir complete line of Felt, Leather
■nd Otrpet MMppen .ot mem. ettmem end children
Child s he«vy Felt. Iti*htr sole enkl* etttfi miw*r«
from 35 jMtr
Here k went thenee to ftt • targtin We art offer
lur ft ttrg* shipment of Travellers" Samples at
Factor? «©tt     Th«e i»»ehwte-
Ladies' Wttota fro« 60 io $100
Ladiea' and Children's CoaU and Swtattn, Aviation Caps, tnd othtr wool foods
Oar Orocory Dtpartmte t is complete with tht choi :-
*x\ quality good*
AFFf.F* W WOTtT.8 11.23 in& U A
Choi t OnUrio Applaa.       SSJ0 par hturrtl
Try i. tack of onr OOLD SEAL fXOUR, $S 61.
Call m m let fttd Stuffs. Whtat. Shortt. Brna
Oats and Cmihtd Barley
LZMCKBER 0111S p e. BISCOOICT FOB QAffl
Tho Storo That 8AVI8 You Monoy
r    ,,   , nu iii'jaMeagBggggagg
i, npppmipii
:«-s*P*5*": . ***vV pt*^- ir{W-'? t™\ "v" *"''
. ,>w,   ->■ •- •j-
I
.-'Mg%^^
TBE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 21,1914
r
OUR CHRISTMAS GOODS HAVE ARRIVED
■^^■■■■■■■^^^^^^^■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■***[********'**********************-''**************t*********-^*************[*-1^^^
^\f^f\\\f^\\ A \TT\ Santa Claus is hereagain and invites all the young people of Fernie and district to pay him a
I 111 1 Jn IH II v*s*t* We have a special department set off for him, and he has brought a specially selected
1 V  I MAm\Lm mJ    assortment of Toys, Book, Games, Dolls and everything that delights the young people at Xmas,
OUR MEN'S DEPARTMENT
Is ready with the new Christmas Neckwear, also the
newest styles in Curlers' Coats. Tains. Gloves, nit:.
Our new Neckwear is without doubt tlie finest
range of high-class iilks ever shown, and the shapes
are UP-TO-THE-MINUTE.
See Our Window Display of Ties and Sweaters
AVe have a great range of styles and colors in
..Men's Sweater Coals from the light weave, without
collars to the heavy "Jumbo knii" with large shawl
collars.
See Us if You Want Sweater Satisfaction
Don't forget we stock the celebrated Carss Mackinaw Clothing for men and boys.
Huy a pair of long Mackinaw Pants for your boy,
he will he warm and dry in all weather.
Our Curlers' Coats in red ancl black, brown and
black, greys, blues, greens and black, will be found
the -correct thing for curling.
See Us for Toques, Tarns and Wool Gloves.
Children's Coats
We have in stock a good line of Children's Coats
in good warm material and well lined; all colors.
Sizes, (i to 14 years. Prices range from $4.75 to
$10.50.
SHOE DEPARTMENT
The Price Question
The leather used in Invictus Shoes represents the
choicest selections of- high grade imported stock.
Consider—statistics from the main source of supply show that while the population has increased
:i7 per cent in the last two decades, tlie supply of
ca'tlle has decreased 20 per cent. Naturally, leather i.s becoming dearer every day.
Naturally, you -have to pay more for Invictus
Shoes, but you can rest absolutely assured that if a
shoe i.s stamped "Invictus," it is, always will be,
in every sense of the phrase—The Best Good bhoe.
Furs
25 Per Cent Off AU Purs
The cold weather reminds us that winter is with
us again, and it is now tha-t we begin to think about
Furs.     You <;»ui buy furs this year cheaper than
yoy eould for many seasons previously.
We have some of the finest Furs in stock—the
best skins obtainable.
Beautiful Mink long straight Stole, with Pillow
Muff with heads, regular price $190.00, for $142.50.
Moleskin set, with long Stole and large pillow
Muff, regular price $100.00, for $75.00
Hudson Bay Sable, with large Stole 'and Muff,
regular price $145.00, for $116.00
Hudson Seal, with long straight Stole and large
pillow Muff.
There are many other handsome sets that it will
pay you to eome in nud inspect.
Grocery Specials
Gold Standard Baking Powder, 16 oz 20
Oold Standard Baking Powder, 12 oz     .15
Molasses Snaps, 2 lb 25
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb 30
Jjowncy's Cocoa, J,{> lb. tins 20
Lombard Plums, 2's, 2 for 25
Tiger Pineapples, 2's, 2 for 35
Silver Prunes, 2 lb ; 35
Evaporated Apricots, 2 lbs     .35
Canada First Jam, 5 lb tin     .60
C. & B.'s Jam, 4 lb. tin 60
Sherriff's Jelly Powders, 4 for 25
Brazil Nuts, 2 lbs 35
Heinz Tomato Soup .small size     .10
Heinz Pork and Beans, med., 2 for 35
Lyles' English Syrup, 2 tins 35
Tomatoes, 2 lb tins . ..*■ 10
AVhite Swan Washing Powder, pkg 20
Ctold Standard Coffee, 2 lb, tins 40
DRY GOODS DEPARTMENT
Flannelette Sheets, full size, in an extra heavy
quality and soft fleecy finish. Comes in white
and grey, with both pink and blue borders. Regular
$2.25.   Saturday Special $2.00 pair
Blanket Special
.A 7 lb, full-length, grey blanket, very warm and
serviceable.    Regular, $3,25.     Saturday $2.75
Ten pair only in this lot. Conies in a good, heavy
quality; size 50 x 72, and is certainly tx bargain
at   $1.10 pair
The Store of
Quality
>
Money Saving Prices
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
I
'/.
BEAVER  MINES
The miues here worked three days
taut week, but there Is no apparent
sign of work this week. However, the
men will bave no pay coming next Saturday but they will have four day* to
pirk up the following pay.
J. Newbouse, manager Heaver Hotel,
left for hMmonton on a business trip
Monday. Tak-*? Cotllk, who returned
from a hunting trip in the vicinity of
leaver I/ike, resumed bin former duties as bartender. Jake report* having
Inft ArcUli' McDonald in the neighborhood of Castle Mountain, where he is
having & good time, .lake's tbag contained over n score of partridges,
som* grouse ond » younit deer,
ftablna Slapnlc-k returned to camp
yesterday wtth a fine three-year-old
book.
Mr*. Colo, ot tbe Home Hakery, and
her daughter (Bessy) who was lately
et&PiOjif-i \*t* wal tres* -xt '.')» lUnvee
Hotel, left today for Billings. Mont
They will return to Beaver In April.
Mrs and Jenny White are taking over
tbe business premises in tbe mean-
tto*.
Frank Ilriacoo obtained a Job some
Itm* ago tt tbe Heaver Creek Bow
Mills, imt wkile ceieforatinf Hie occasion, not wisely imt well, got into tiie
datfbe* of -Constable Byrne, and for
being drunk noA disorderly was sent
to UmSoot tw J* tny* Ob <Nwp!et-
lac tie t*n» last week k* returned to
•Hee-rae, but n* b* repeated Ibf offenre
that same evening he was again gathered In and sent back next day for a
further period of 30 days In durance
vile.
•The following letter was given the
serfbe by Pete in reply to his friend
Mike:
"Dear Mike,—I was so pleawl to
hear from you, and your letter reminded me of the Jong talks we used to
l»ave in the entry when we were s<itt»n
our "eyes," and In tbe headway when
wa v-ere on company work—Jast Uke
tbe tire bosses do. Well, Mike's baby
ls sure a cute little chap, and gets
more like his dad every day. Ed.
Joice aud tilsey Craable Inti. Denver,
at the week-end and have not returned
yet. A rumor lias been circulated
tbat a knot was tied yesterday tbat
neither could loose with their teeth.
'nit the rumor Is not continued officially. You are quite right about the
other Kd. and from what we can learn
the Ledger Office will get the order to
print the wedding cards. I will let
you know when tbere are any pros-
poets of work In Beaver. I want you
in «rlt<» n nice letter neat week and
tell me what you know about the war
ln the old country nnd yoar private opinion concerning It, and oblige, yourt
truly—PBTE."
Four »en. name!) 8eit*nnt Hugh
WiUlMM. Bert Bessiey, TOW Shea and
Wn, Brown, left Beaver today to Join
Uie eoton. Tbey form imrt of tbe
eontimrent of 2& which will be sent
trom Pinch** Creek. W. Drown served st* yenrs with the colors nnd tfwat
no*m ymm wltfe ibe Bedfo-rdeblr*
refluent Hi India. We wtab the boys
a safe return.
*m
FtRNIl PHILHARMONIC MCIITY CONCIftTt
At tfie tf tf THtATftf, bvmny tvefttftf, NevemMr 22, *t tM pj*.
f. DtfTAilUI
1. mP*mmo tBtHM-ttteft" ..
t, *iei«ttfvt *e*mr ■■*•
S.  -The Celrt el UeAetr .
t. -rut mmettr , .,
A  "Le tafinambula" 	
.. .Mere*.,.
..Welts...
.Overture..
* wWwtS*** ■ *- *
Wane tele.
WHI#    fl *   ■rn^fw^le
.....  POttf UKM
O.    ■«l«lill«ii
. t. wotemttnt
  Leyta-t*
Beaver Local Union Notes
A special meeting of Uie above local
was held in the Lyric Hall Sunday last,
when about 30 members lined up. Ow-
las to Bro. Hughes, president, removing to his ranch, which is about 6
miles from this oamp. Bro. Bd. Fiokatd
wns voted to the chair. The first
business was the appointment of tellers and the arrangement of other details in conenction with the ejection of
District and International Officers at
tbo forthcoming election December 8.
The secretary then read a bunch of dr.
cufeirs and official correspondence in
connection with the unemployed question, and after the scheme had been
elHborately explained by the secretary,
and several <tuenUott* nnnmred. the
following resolution was regularly
moved*, seconded and voted on by ballot:
"That we. the members of Beaver
Mines Local Union endorse the scheme
recommended by oar District Executive iBoard re the Unemployed Question, and that we pledge ourselves to
do all in our power to carry out the
spirit and policy of the scheme while
th* jvr»«*at <ti(-pw»lfln #vl*ts "
fn Vavor of the scheme, 29; against,
nil.
Needless to my that tbe tone of the
meeting showed tbe members appreciated tbe policy of the District officials, especially their offer to donate
30 per cent of tbelr salaries to tbe unemployed fund If Inaugurated, although
one member naively remarked tbat he j
hoped our District Officials were not
learning pointers front politicians ana}
meat-bers of parliament, wbo only eon-'
cern tbamielves about tbe wtWare of;
their constituents when an election Is,
pending and votet am wanted j
Tbe folio*ing rommittte was thtn;
appointed to aet la coejanction wttbj
ib« secretary In order to collect thej
necesaary data regarding tbe condition.
of •enibere ani tbelr 4*p«*4*aU r*
wt-rtw reHef• fM. Pfebnfd. I««le An
COMING
GEORGE;
KLEINE*
rlGANT
SPECTACLE
LAST
DAYS or
fPOMPE 11
yiiYbOTp DRAMA IN i ACTS K f. TAHT.S
Orpheum
:i
to Hillcrest on the 8th December, election day,
A special meeting of Local Ult wm
nailed for Priday last, but none of tbe
members showed up. However, we
succeeded , with tbe asnlsunee of several energetic ones. In getting a gathering for Sunday which was folrly ra-
pit-aesutii-e. The aa employed que*
tion waa discussed, and the local adopted the proposition of tbe Dittrict
Executive unanimously. Regret wm
expressed, horwever, tbat tbls scheme
was not presented two months earlier
so tbat It might now be In operation—
lastesd of consideration. Mnny que*-
tions were asked aa to whether Um
District conld relieve tbe sulferinga
ot tone of the members, but nothing
definite conld be given. While tbe
majority ot tbe members of onr organisation nrt thoroughly aoqeainted wltk
oar constitution and Uie llmltatiooa
placod apon tbe dlapaaal of its ftnda,
nevertheless, theft wns a feeling that
conditions called for aa orer-rldiag of
aame.
la answer to onr appeal trom Maple
Leef fer assistance, we bav* received
tbe Mleertne trom tb* mveiniMnt nt
THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY
OF FERNIE
€
tetee and Jobn Mlbelejift.
lev tben adtonnwi.
Tbe
A. Tenet
eieyevweee
Mtm.  A.   *t-499*i%lm.'*'J*iSii,
A "tteebttom m tmmtn et Me*mr-<*i*mb Mattwurt Oaftie
7. -Dtvir* Portion" Overture	
A VOCAL MLO
•. -Tbt WMMfer em HH Doe'  Nevslettt.......      Arthur Wryer
f« -MffA -tefreef entHUT Heft*  A. P. U*m
OOO tAVt TMt  KINO
f»IRtONNtl. OT OKCMMTHA
Ml Vletta*. f. Iie*i«a««iie and H Tedley, mt vfwif*. i, <;***+»l. YeJJe»,
AMM T«te». b»wo. Mra. A- Ptoaaevnei; ctsrtaet. R. I. Brown; emmet,
Soam fmim: nrmntmm*. Umm mUemm: nm* met meeete.« M. MlHer:
tmtm, A t% fotrl*.
f»At«flUftO ANO VICINITY
fi*m\ Meettal Treat Ever Given te tbe tttitin Peuit
mtocetob in moor local oitTiitM
At a np*-'.al atttting of Pntabnrg
Ittml on Friday «rming u wna nnsnl-
aMMsely dsetdtd to tavoc tbe acbenM
evUlsed  by tit  Dittrict  EsemUve
VSmU, tbe aneeUttg 'vj.-j uat vary
repftaMrtitttm mty tettnteen nsest-
Ur» b*me wmmnU PiuulUL*, a mtmiM
enow stem wbttb faSossed tbe ad-
r-mijteg of tl* HMt-ht, nuay brnw
bt»n rnapdnttWt fer tm* et entln-
tlnan. Tbe nwowng nino derMed tbat
•om mm be dl*fie4 m iu u. pm*
*£IA*.
ncrottnonr tor Om tnttbeoomm efer-
■tbm.    PiMi'*WK amiiiw»f* mtmt
•VrAmrmton, Sor, Mb, 1M4.
"Una. O. Harriet. Secretary Miasm'
Verne, mem imt. Am,
-tlmr Alt,--Yew ftww ot Om tmt
*.».4**t, *'«*»*t**»« 449   .-9-9 .,*.W4*'»,.J,   -"*'
l^sttler, bta bmm totem mm tt sat
fn lit abotnee. for rap Ir.
"I May sny thai this aatttr bnt
nttw eeeet emenettntiee vy nmr tMe."
ernssent. Tw nOMrwUt Mt. MlttheU
atttnded n eowvewtlon beM li Onbpry
on Frtday inti, nt wbteb there mm
Tn slleedeuce tbe nwifora ef tbe dlf•
fttvttt cWea, nnd delegatm fram tfct
Trndtt nad t«ftnr OsmeiH of tkt Pre-
vhkv es juwnn. i new mi ttew
Mr. iMRekell aCMt IIM* dtta, bit tt
tttn m I leam srbtt wnt itt* nl tht*
tfnw win be gtod te
f ttm vesy Utly,
OHAB nXWART.
mtA^A/mn^m> ___t -m^mAMA^
*i^mi*mm^mm^t m^m w^mmmev*-
COURT OF  REVI8ION
Public notice is hereby given that
a Court of RevlBion for the purpose
of correcting and revising the 'Municipal Voters' List of tbe City of Ferule,
U, C„ for the year 1915, will be held
In the Council Chamber of the City
Hall, Pernio, on Thursday, the Tenth
day of December, 1914, at the hour of
T.30 o'clock in the evening.
ARTHUR J. MOTOA.UT,
Oity Clerk.
Dated at Fernie, B.C., this Nineteenth day of November, A.D., 1914.
AT THE   1818
111 accordance with the recognised
policy of this, Fernle'a leading motion
picture theatre, we announce that we
have secured at great cost the magnificent cinematographic production,
The Ilrltleh Army: How It is made
and used." At this particular time
in our national history too much cannot be claimed for these pictures,
whtitlan' vlowtid as an Incentive to
patriotism for tbe mother land and
the empire, or from an educational
standpoint In either respect tnis
will tike rank as the outstanding film
of ths time.
We shall show "The British Army"
two days only, Wednesday and Thursday, .Nov, 25 and 5*.
Tho first exhibition of thia film was
by Royal Command nt Sandrinvham
lioum. Dec. I, 1913, on Uie occasion
of (ht birthday of Queen Alexandra;
their Majesties thn King and Queen,
Queen Alexandra, tbe King nnd Queen
of Norway, II.R.1I. Princess Victoria,
T.RJI, Prince and Princess Arthur
of Connaught, nnd other members of
tbe Royal Family being preaenL Two
day* liter tbt manufacturers received
tbe following:
"York Cottage, ftendriagbam. Nor
folk, Srd December. 1113.
"Dear Wr,—I ani glad to inform yoa
tbnt their Mnjtttitt wtrt grttuy
p-l-Misd with tkt Ctnemntecrnpblc dl*
May ef ibo British Amy eiblllted it
SandriRgban oa Monday eretlng. nnd
with tbt excellent manner wltk which
it eutmmek
"TD* iobjecta depicted on tbt film
warn wsw chosen and fall of fntenwt,
while the absence of vibration In tbt
pl-rtMt* w«a mot* m^mdnttd by tbt
nndlitct.   (*l«ned)
eiAMiuiMiKMi.ii
T 1Wrti.Stir.f-. f.srj" 'f
From first to laat nr.wardn of f.i.«W
OPIrtra nnd -net nt sifted It tbt pro-
iw,in ef tke Cri<iii5% .inty mw>.,  It
tt lha only on* in n'Menet antH-«v
(Md snd a«,r)ved by tbt Itnt-ah
IfWT frmertt
cw, iir Kdwan Wert* Unit, it*
nuHNt Secretary for Wnr. afttr Amy
Ceawll bad seen flhn, meotn ft
Uttm.   Ktllk, Prewtt A Ot.:
"Ths Coaacll attntelatea Ikt tttw-
ffteaind tUR abewt kr yttr llm It
obtilslag at etceflett n taOMMi t*
nwwtof nietimm nt tkt maty
of Ills la tbt Amur, and art
Itt Oat tbtfr trtmtftt *!R mem
of at»i*i iaierent tt nil wbo net tbnm,
em tin aitt btMfH tkt Amy kr
tnetUnt tke pnbWe it « venter tm
dtnundiiig of tbe tree life of a eel
diet."
W, A, INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail   TobCtCCOnist
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILLIARD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
C
Our Coffee is Good-
D
HWWMiW
■MIMIIMIIMIMIIM^
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's Leading Picture Theatre
FlftlT IN IViRVTHINO  WORTH WHILt
FRIDAY, November 20th
LUCILLE LOVE
•Mill He. A
The Girl
of Mystery
nk.
Uktr Day, a
A&y
vm-<i*
wmtt givtns
IM um,- to Bm tt, Cot) Creek, wtO
kt reteeaaMy ft-tUti,
8ATUROAV, Mitlttt tM •veetlef, Wm. Stay and Leah Aolrt te
When the World was Silent
3 RBNDL MP DRiAAlA
Ftntnring "Utile MtUir."   He nueu ex-Pretldent Roostvett. Otoar
HaauMrateta, Liacoln, Uantay ami Hemy uediiefe, ete trtnan into
**«*•»hm« milA oomt m-mmtiw* imiinimm,   i-Mt-on «# iii* mihmmt>*ii
■*fww ^^w^^^wtWw.***^^B ™m ■ tt m^^memm yAmme^tm (m^p ■ mtm&^mi
MKSTOR CONEDT
■wftb Vlttnrlt Fardt, thttte Ly«<M mi Ut Mertw  ftwttt MMttttf
■Otiwtdr Telt.*
•FICIAL WIDNttOAY tad tNURtOAY, Nevtmber tit* and Mt*
The British Army ud How it is
Made and Used
Antkertatd eei mttmei by Jkt AitMi Amy CotteU and tktwt ky
Royal Ceawmainl BtbRrtlml befms #« Khm md Quaaa nad tb*
Royal Fnstlly tt ■Ulrt^kw Htntt ta tbt Qneeaa Mrtbd^. tad
ktsbls" ■—imief kr tkeaa
-^^wmgweamM   mmi^^tl^* aw w -w^v  *a*-m    s^^pp
XjN9 OBfeili ttt MM aaaftitil ht ttt iwtdatiUwi tt Um trntem
mm>yfomwe    ammmm^mow   w«»     ^m^rmm    *m^^^^w*^ma*    it*     aav    jpewwwwwfwfi     ain<    WPV     nFIIIW
' AtWf WNfc ■
#^~   ^^^|^  *MAmm   ttt   —^^^±g*gi^^^  g^^aL^^^n^^^*   ^^^*   ^^^^^^^^^^   e^^   m__^m    m^^^t^^^
IWP ^wjr ""w tm w^HPliV n^WwwP W^-m sppWVW w]  mmm  IffPPI
^^mi^^^^mee       »t**^^ww ^^m *^e •we^^^^^^mf
mm mt wr-op-ritvoeipmutv FtcruRu av tut mm.

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