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The District Ledger Mar 27, 1915

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Indostrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, V, M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No, 31, Vol. VIE;
X  "4,^ ■;	
Will Vote Monday on Proposed Agreement
Aid. Jackson Wakes
— The Council
On more than one occasion we have
complained of the oppressive dullness
at the civic fortplghtly gatherings.
It, however. Aid. JackBon is bo naughty
he to continue his probing into some
of the "peculiarities" at present-existing dn the <Firc, Water and Light
department, we may look tor some Interesting debates. Aid. Jackson has
developed a -desire "to know;'' and
providing discretion is used there is
no' reason why this should not prove
beneficial to the ratepayers.. He Ib
Insurgent enough to refuse to swallow
some of the sugar coated "explanations" that have been forthcoming
from time to time with reference ito
why certain men have to be maintained on the oity pay roll and not conform to the ruling of the Council. He
also takes exception to the mayor interfering with .what should undoubtedly be the work, of the various committees.
A good deal of business was done
at the Council meeting on Thursday of last week, and quite a little
time was spent ln trying to find oue
of the city officials. It was
strange that no one thought of sending
in an alarm and testing the readiness
ot the tiro department and discovering the whereabouts of the chief.
The Council received a rude shock
from the Provincial Government, wbo
wrote disclaiming any responsibility
* for the upkeep ot the Fairy Creek
Bridge.  • After some discussion it was
* pointed°- bat   that   the    bridge   is
Aid. Roblchaud registered a kick
that Jackson was not always on hand
to sign orders, although it would appear that the latter had never neglected a deserving case; nor did Aid. Roblchaud prove, ln spite of various
prompting from the chair, that any
real hardship had resulted. The facts
to'the outsider appeared: Jackson has
the misfortune to he a worker, employed at the Creek some twelve hours,
while Roblchaud -is a "gentleman"
with lots of leisure and means of locomotion for "visiting." Jackson explained that he bad means of enquiry that
were more effective and accurate than
Koblchaud's, but in spite of this lt
was suggested by the Mayor -that a
tliiru member be added to the committee, and that tbe signature of two
members suffice. This was a quiet
way of eliminating William and may
possibly be resented later.
The City -Clerk read the warrant for
a new election and will act accordingly.
B'rom a contract note read iby tbe
City Clerk it would appear that J. F.
Spalding received $76 from the city for
nn advertisement in a'guide book of
thc province. The stated time for publication had expired and the City Clerk
wanted to know what to do.
iMost of the.".-Councillors were mum,
but. Jackson reminded the assembly
tbat her had opposed the;' spending of
thc city money,when contract waB
made.. Thp Mftjtor made the sugges-
OTTAWA, March 24.—All the direct
war taxes not being ' collected will
come Into effect on April 15. The bil
is based upon the resolutions already
adopted, which were considered in
committee just before the house rose
at 1 o'clock. The bill makes provision tor collection of the general taxes,
Including the stamp taxation, beginning the middle of April.
situated on the government highway
and /being used as such. Result: decided that a deputation wait upon the
Hon. $i|ly ani get hts. goat'or an allowance.
£'*' -The'matter of rd-CeTVtttg itaxae-'-by
instalment was arranged.
- The question of relief was discussed
aiid It-was ascertained that tbe city
bad relieved some tt cases and received 40 applications. The total amount
expended upon relief ror theso cases
amounting to lesa than $100.
Conservatives Nom'nate
W. R. Ross
A 'meeting of the local Conservative
Association waB held in Ingram Hall
on .Monday night The business of
tbe evening waa) the election of a local
president, and the choice of the meeting fell upon Mf. Robert Dudley, who
addressed the meeting and thanked
them for the honor conferred. The
meeting convened into a district meeting and the following were elected to
fill office for the ensuing period:
President, Mr. A. B. Trites; Vice-President, Mr. A. Leitch; Secretary, Mr.
R. Dudley.. A strong executive was
also elected. A. B. Trites addressed
the meeting gai stated that the chief
business was the nomination of a representative, and Hon. Billy again got
the choice. At the psychological moment the latter entered and received
a most cordial reception trom those
assembled, and after the outburst ot
raptuous applause had subsided Mr. A.
B. Trites informed bim that those present had again chosen his as their representative
The membership of District 18 will
be called upon Monday next to vote
ulion the proposed agreement that has
been drawn up by the officers
mul representatives of the District and
tue coal operators association at the
rneent conference in Calgary.
At the moment we do not consider
any comment upon the proposition in
order, beyond stating that the members of the District may be counted
upon to use the privilege of the re-
fci'tiiHlum, nud in using it display all
necessary caution''and common sense.
The various officials will go through
the District and visit as many camps
ns possible before the day set for balloting, while in this tbey will be assisted by the representatives of the
Biib-distrEcts wbo were present at the
Whereas it is rumored through this
district that J. E. Smith of Coal Creek,
Is to run as Labor candidate for this
riding in the next provincial election;
and whereas J. B. Smith, being a member of Local 17, Socialist Party of
Canada, has reported to said loca! approaches made him by certain lalivi-
Juals to run ln the Interests of labor
(ngalnst the already nominated Tom
Connor, to run In the Interests of la-
oor on the strict Socialist ticket), and
whereas our comrade, J. El. Smith hav-
tfon tbafposBlbly "a moratorium hadT   "^ Hon. uiliy expressed'bls appro-
'   .1.., -l       l\.m .,li....      Jl ,.,._J      U.
jlxiirmaaft a plain and straight stale.
been declared, but the other fathers
sat quite still, realising, no doubt, that
"silence ijt golden,''
The City Clerk stated that tbe city
o-ffiplals bad got together, since last
meeting and that part ot the officials
had decided to donate $10 and the
others 5 per cent, of their salary. Tbls
sum waa to be applied to relief work.
Alderman Jackson, wbo if he Is not
a diplomat Is certainly, refreshingly
ICeatla-aetf •■ Pen* Kaeri
Disastrous Slide
Near  Vancouver
snowslide, wblch came dowu at midnight, carried away a number of bunk-
houses rilled with workmen at the
Britannia mine, Howe Sound, 10 milea
from Vancouver. The mine Is several
miles from tbo shore. A apecial steamer with doctors ud nurses aboard left
here tor the mine.
The slide swept away a bunkhouse
containing 15 men, a cookhouse con-
talolng 10 men and several private
houses in which were a number of women and children. Several men who
were going off the atght shift et mid*
night were also killed.
At* tatt reports rescuers were working »n the pile of debris but few bodies
hnd been fonnd.
Owing to the lack of communication
with Howe Sound, except by steamer,
the detalla are* net yet available.
Tfts message fete been received
from tfritaaala beech!
"Am unable at present to say exact RH»i«f ef dead in sooideat at aid-
night, bat estimate tbat M are dead
. and 15 lajareg. We ate petting forth
every effort tbat Is within haman power to reek tie reeoue work."
Rocks Crush Them
Survivors of the disaster at ttritan*
nia arrived tonight mi the steamer
Latest Prom Britannia
VANCOUVER, B.C., Mar 13.—Fifty
six dead and 22 injured Is the latest
official estimate of the casualties in
the avalanche disaster which occurred
on Sunday at midnight at the miners'
camp at Britannia Mines. It wee not
only a snowslide, but a landslide, aim-
liar to that which wiped out * large
section of the town of Prank, In the
Crow's Neat Pass some years ego.
elation at the confidence displayed by
thc faithful tn nominating bim and proceeded to unburden himself by. re*
marking tbat he would do his -best to
merit tbat confidence in the foture—-
as he had done ln tbe past (nothing
bashful about William!) Hp then con
cltided bis remarks by outlining In a.
general way tbe proposed policy of the
government (if returned), drawing
special attention to the political titbit that the government bad prepared
—vis., tbe PR0PO8BD (adoption of
th# Ontario) Workmen's Compensation Bill now before tbe bouse, and
which he stated was of particular In*
terest to the workers or this district
Meet ot Benevolent Bill's admirer*
(who know nothing about advanced
labor legislation) were tickled to death
with tbe threatened generosity or the
Conservative government, and (If our
r-njwrter can be relied upon get fairly
intoxicated with enthusiasm.
It li reported (and accepted by some
with considerable chagrin) thet as tbe
party feel tolerably certain of victory
•.He emergency fund with be considerably curtailed. Asphodel! Asphodel!
Is this what we have tolled for these
many years!
The absence of the "wad," however,
Is not expected te have any effect upon
the splendid morale of the Conservative party!    No, SJr-e-e-e!
meilt not to run as a Lib-Labor candl
date at any time against a Socialist
candidate for political honors, and has
promised to assist the candidacy of the
•^already nomlnatettt^ndard'-Bearefc,, •
Therefore, be- it resolved, that we
as Local 17 S. P. ot. C. hereby pass a
vitu ot confidence in our comrade .1.
HI Smith and commend him in his action in refusing to prostitute his principles at the request of any of tho nia
imt tleif.
Signed on behalf of Local 17, S. P.
W, ALLEN, Organiser,
Further interesting Evidence Brought
Out in Regard to Surgical
Milwaukee   Primaries   Shew   Creel
Strength ef tbe Social Demeerete
MiLWAUKBB, wit., Mar. tl.-Com.
Plate rigurea from yesterday's primary
elections In Milwaukee ahow tbat three
women were nominated as candidatee
of the 'Milwaukee ecbocj board. Iln,
Mete Berger, wife of former congrsee-
ihm Victor 1* Berger, Social Hem*
erst, led the field with I MM eetaa,
or a plerellty ef nearly f ,000 orer her
e-P^WWwWP-P   ^WW^WpWg%wtHPw •
•Min R. fl, Thomaa, Social Demo-
craL and Mrs. lane P. Reggie, too*
partisan, were the other women te be
  Ost of tbe tea nominees tlve era So*
mm^emtt-'im** ***** A*m«* m* 1*1.1 DewwteVete'
ataaeway  carry!** ' bundles     fbmm]
weie Harry Baxter, James Ooegnn end
a MePhall, none of whom was injured.
BWp-wWPB  jpw% w-^^m W*wPRP mm* w^^W ™a**WPBF*w**e ww
midnight Tbey were awakened by n
the Mewing up of tie aagatlne. When
tliey west eet to eeereh tie whole
camp was greening and celling ror
help. Some of the men hurt could
only crawl eleeg Um ground and some
were enable te walk. One of the boeJ.
dets tbat struck tbe camp, said Baa-
tor, waa as large ae a boeee. Wfceett
was light tbey get some of tbe «
mt ottL Bemo ot th. mom worm AntnA.
"We gut *-** * medmr wfce wee
ifltel with two of kto bebUs. while
Mi wife and another child ware tot
bett.*' oM Busier.  "The gtnlngreem
gsg^^s' mbbb^^motmo    9mtt - otoi^ojomoo    ewwep w9m^&
etui wit* rack the ftelgM ef e chip."
«. T. R.
Five Per Cent Wage inereeee
*%»*>«•»» wrs-viH-itim W? •!<',•£
MOMTRBAL, March 14,-Repreeen-
tstlvee et tlw fined Trunk railway «••
glneere not ttrmum have presented
tie eempeny .ha new wege eng
time schedule to replace the one under
which the men bave opented fir sav
vera! peers pest, sed which termiaalei
April 1. Ne deUlls ef the new eeheC*
ele bate been give* ent, bet it is utd
It requests an lecreete i» wegee ef
about five per cent, ani acta tbe anal-
mwm ■ember ef hours te be worked
watlneeesty    et    fooneew-CnlgarT
A and B Companlea of the 107th
Regiment, and several Pernie boys,
members or tbe 'Mounted Rifles at Pin-
i her Creek, beaded by the Bogle Band,
paraded to the Presbyterian Church on
Sunday evening, when the Rev. W. J.
MacQuarrte preached a very impressive memorial service tor the late Pte.
Dave Login. All the oMmboro oi the
Provincial Police force la the district
nlee attended aervloe te pay tbelr last
irapecta to their departed brother.
On Mondny night the heye frem Pin-
cher Creek were given n reusing tend
off by eevertl hundred people who nml
assembled ee the Depot They march
ed frem the Prill Hill, heeded by ttt
lioy Scouts, the Bugle Bead aai hnlf
• company frem the I-tlth Regiment,
who acted ea e guard ef Wior. Cent
Stalker nml Meet, Barnes weie
Either Rebekah Lodge N* n will
give e boa social ami dance tn Victoria
I Hell ew W##n#«**v %Hw* mat u*>i*
(of ibe proceeds will be five* to tbe!
Patriotic Peed. '
In the toentry Oourt, last weel, be-1
fete  Hie   Honor  Judge  Tbeotpeea,
Henri fiesta ve end Uee De Orey were
convicted em Ham dtffewnt ebnr*** nt
theft and received sentence of two!
years on eecb charge.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Letcher and
family left for Rooevllie tbla week
where tbey win reside la latere,
A tense meeting ef Otadsteee thecal
-wiu beUt un Wtd*a«»i!*» nber, the put-
posee aerewemot wee eieewseee. *e-
tUutiiMi-* -Miii* *W\t*t>teA by ibe various
OTTAWA, March 21.—Further In-
teWiijtf evidence was given yetter-
day In the public accounts committee
probe into the militia contracts The
order placed through Ernest Powell of
Ottawa, for field dressings was again
gone Into, and tha representative of
tho manufacturers deposed that he had
been told by Col, Jonea, director of
medical services, that tbe government
could not do business direct with the
llrm, but only through a looal mnn.'
Through W. P. Clnriand, M.P., Mr.
Powell, the Clarlcton Drag Company
clerk, was tben selected for the pnr-
OTTAWA,'.March 23.—In the House
of Commons this morning Sir Robert
Uorilen tabled for tbe consideration of
the House the new scale of pensions,
which has heen decided upon for mllltla men wounded and disabled ou active service. He pointed out -that the
government has power to enlarge the
pension scheme under the terms of
tho Wnr Measures Act passed nt tho
emergency session but the order-in-
council will not go into effect until
it has been approved by the members.
The order-in-council provides that the
following rates of pension would be
granted militia men wounded or disabled on active service, during drill
or training, or on otber military duties,
provided the disability was not due to
his own fault or negligence.
Rnuk and Kile—First degree, $264;
second degree, $192; third degree,
$132; fourth degree, $75. Squad, battery or company sergeant-major or
quartermaster, first degree, ?372; second degree, $282; third degree, $186;
fourth degree, $108.
Sergeants—First degree, $336; second degree. $252;. third degree, $168;
fourth degree, $100.
The foregoing also apply to color
sergeants and staff sergeants. Regi-|
ment sergeant-major and master gunner, not W. .1. O., and regimental
quartermaster sergeants: First degree, $432; second degree, $324;
third degree, $216; fourth degree,
Warrant officers: First degree, $420;
second degree, $360; third degree,
$240; fourth degree, $144.
Lieutenants:    First degree,   $480;
$240; fourth degree, $144.
Captain: First degree, $720; second degree, $540; third degree, $360;
fourth degree! $216.
Major; -Fira^t degree, $960;, second
degYec'r %Ti0; ' third decree*, 9480;
ron ith degree, $288.
LtX'ol.: First degree, $1200; second degree, $900; third degree, $600;
fourth degree, $360.
Colonel: First degree, $1,440; second degree. $1,080; third degree,
$720; fourth degree,.$456.
Brigadier-General: First degree,
$2100; second degree, $1620; thirl
degree, $1050; fourth degree, $636.
Tbo first degree shall bo applicable
to those who are rendered totally Incapable or earning a living as a result
or woundN or injuries received or illness contracted In action, or in the
presence ot the enemy.
the socond degree shall be applicable to those who are rendered incap>
«<ble or earning a livelihood as a result of injuries received or Illness contracted on active service, during drill
or training or In other duty, or ara rendered materially incapable as a re»u!t
ot wounds or injuries.
The third degree shall be applicable
to those who are rendered Incapable
ot earning a livelihood as a result of
Injuries received or Illness contracted
on active service during drill or train
Ing or otber duty, or rendered In a
Beaver Mines have closed down sine
die, and from what we can learn the
mines will not be operated again by
the Western Canadian Coal and Coke
Although the mine has not worked
regularly for the past two years, and
scarcely averaged two days per month
for the last six months, yet seeing
there was a general depression
throughout the District it was fondly
hoped that when th? clouds rolled by
Ueaver .Mines would have a full share
in the prosperity which must eventually follow, hence when the order came
on the 15th Inst, to pull up the track
rails in the mine and remove all pumps
and other outfit, and to ship all stores
and moveable property from here, the
message was received with sorrow
throughout the locality.
N'o doubt the management were
heavily handicapped when competing
for orders against their neighbors,
whose mines wero in close proximity
to thc C. P. It, main line, for at all
times the cost of keeping in repair
the 14 miles of track'between Beaver
and the C. P. R. line near I'incho;-
Station was a big item, besides having
to haul the coal that distance.
The population of Beaver, which was
I over 700 three years ago, has dwindled
down to less than 200 ut present, yet
most of those who remained have invested  most of their savings in thc
md Alberta Hallway,
be the shortest and
to tin* States, will
of thc Kooteiijy
which is said to
nios: dierct routi'
be completed.
The Beaver Creek oil wells, which are
situated about seven miles south-west
of the mines, have been abandoned
and till the drilling outfit was shipped
from here hust wecb. The -sinking
of tin.' imiiii well ut Beaver was commenced over six years ago, hut was
stoppftd for want of capital.      When
Iip oil craze was on twelve months
ngo, however, the necessary capital to
con;iune the work was easily raised,
but unfortunately the erase did not
pronti' a gusher, and after drilling
down over 2,000 feet without finding
a clue to the elusive fluid, the promoters pulled out in despair.
j British   Government   is   Advised
Follow the Course of Indian
LOXDON. March 24.~-The Daily
Telegraph says: "Munitions, more munitions, always nioie munitions. That
is the master sentence of Sir John
French's calm, confident message."
The Standard: "Berlin's talk ct a
long war will he seen by autumn to be
purchase of lots and Um huUdlnt-^/JilgiPly ,.
homes, with gardens, etc, near -tho | T^ »ai'y Egress: "Tbe heaviest
mines, therefore, the closing down of I burden or tho war ts falling and must
tho mine is llttlo short of a calamity contiuuo to fall on tbo middle classes."
to them. Further, while the miners The Dally Chronicle: "We should
were earning ca?h the farmers In tbo follow tb%example of India, whleb is
vicinity couldJ>Jway*s. jh'iicn£, upon a jcommentJceriiiB the , ;.whale Jtiutt,
good market for their Mevf, hogs, chic-1 stock, including the coming harvest,
kens, and otber farm produce. ; und Helling to thc Indian consumer at
Tbe only hope at present Is that thc Indian prices, prohibiting all oxport
mines and all the other valuablo tno- except by the government and gaining
pertles, including shout 70 well-built for tbo state the dlfferouco between
and commodious dwelling houses, will; thc -Indian price and tbe Inflated
soon be taken over by'some railway j world price. The labor government of
company, and tbat the unbuilt portion j New South Wales la acting slmllirjjr."
Socialists Break
"Truce of God"
LONDON, If arch 31.-A wild some,
occurred ln the Reichstag on Saturday
during the second reading of tbe budget, according to a llerlin telegram
[received by Renters by way of Amsterdam. The tomtit vraj aroused by a
speech delivered by George Ledebour,
a Socialist deputy, who protested against "the military administration try-
{ing to flenmtnlsc portions of French
territory, which eraused on the pert
ot Alssce an-d tonelne a desire for
small degree Incapable aa a result of (^i^ch rale,'
wounds or injuries received or Miens
contracted in action, or In thepreieuaet"" ww culberet on the part et thc
The witness admitted he bad not
the minister about It. tie aald
the government conld have ejected a
tig saving by dealing direct with the
company lns|e*d or through a middleman. The rest of the morning session waa oocopled by n re?lew ef blcy.
etc crderi from the Canada Cyclo and
Motor timnpany and the Planet Company, Evidence w«s given by tbe
manager or Hyslop Broe*, ot Toronto,
flat Un fine weald have eepplled for
tM ae good mecbtnee ee tie govern-
■eat aald Ut for. it eppeered frem
the testimony that no effort waa get
forward lo obtain tbe order by Ilys-i gun-jgy, «trcji |g.-~4t<irBlii« pra>er,
lops, tmt at the same time «uoUllon.l ,-j,,5 ,.,„,; „ »,„, ^j,,,,, ambblb;
were not secured bf the government ai§ ,,»„ g«Bday scbeet and JKbtc
frem may firms, Tbe Hyalop maea-f ft*M; t is tone **r*tt^* ? nn rt-mm*t
omt mtn ait i«h<*»» leeeineg lor ftem-i «„,««, a cordial Intltntten te all
*<,** mr*. .vv,.' +*9*tr€itii, j   Moaday, g p.w„.H, v. P. U, meeting,
(This should prove interesting data j with solo, reritaiions and rhort sd
«i the enemy.
Tbe fourth degree shall be appllcsblg
to thote who are rendered In a small
way Incapable of earning a livelihood
ni a result of injuries received or 111*
ii ens contracted on active service, dur.
ing drill or training or cthtr duties
When the Injury is great enough to
require the constant services of an attendant, auch as tbe loss of both lege
or arms, the loss or sight of both eyes,
or where the use of both lege or both
arms has been permanently last, tht
ttrti and second degree of pension
will be increased by one-tblrd.
The statement was received with
olivet lAFrirr church
deputies,   Mme  member*  snouting
"What sbwit tbe party of peace,"
<\>ntlru!i,g Htrr tadebour aald;
,   "I enitcree everything asld ln praise
of fitr brave troops and tbelr com-
nmiidtrt, fnittn political performan<f<«
^thf iniMtnry autliorttlfu are not np to \
date   I am horrified to learn that for I
every Herman village burned by tin-
llunruvns three Ressisn villages shall
Ik' burried."
"Tils i* herbariam,*' shouted Dr
Km? Itort vbt, aaother So<Ha!!ft, nhm
iron tbe right csmo indignant pro
mU, mo member »houied. "VW
wont p» rm't tbe enpreme military su
!!>.orft!es to be attacked."
Wben eHmt had been restored Hirr
UM*,iit mnUnneA:
"Wtcl a measure s'rlkes lot «»n:»
»t the Reaetaaa bet at tke Pslee an«t
. I.Wtl-'etWlMoiHl.  ee   **»«n*i«  emaimttmilti**.
\we wont etmnt."
• tit* statement rn>»uMed In a renewed oi*tiirb«rice and rrtea of "finish,"
Thc leaders of the various pardea
protested agalnat tke remarks ande
by Ledebour. tUnjor Erucst Baamm-
mann, a National Liberal ucmTNr,
said: "We regret the necessity Jot
such reprisal, but if Hie Russians "bum
ou all sido* asd violate women shall
we consider that thle docs not Ao
mnnd such action frem our uillitaxy
authorities? We asest put a atop to
this treatment of our people."
II«rr Crotebee said that If the military authorities vera compelled Jn
vin-a of the Russian actions to Wm
the MH-fiiroit reprisals sratnrt bumw-
ur«n which ate punishable undor'international law tbey should not 'be
hindered by the representative* of tbe
'Minister or the Interior INbnM#
asserted that he woeld not be woilfcf
in thn proxent situation if bc replied
to Herr Udebeer.  This hour would
be   among  his  bitterest  m*moriee.
ilurr Irfwti-bour'e criticism 1* unt-on
tttitutlonal, laiuKlng in form and "is
dirrrtlv  agalhet the mo*t honorable
j institutions ot tmt wow runout," te
jriared the mlnlsttr.
.    \'.,-.i...i4'tti wae taktrtt to April.ia.
'    wntUX, March tl.*~Th* t.M>«lle#
■ inn'.- of tsimt" amenx ib<> political
i rurtifh *iff#-rwt s bnt br*n b tn lb*
; ff>'t' *i-1lift Rntunlik|.   Hi«-i*»--» *uab tn
\bixxe i»*"'ii unknown slim- tlw*- war be
, i,-it, ii l reveal an'spp«ii«»t break In
., .   *■-*•.  imt.**.
('        ■  '    'i/*«..»'., *«> .)'■.,...,,,„•; ,*p*ii,
'. nui'lf 'In- li idltg H*mt It t*»t in* jwicty
' a»<l tfurittf h»» rem»n/" **ti*imln*4 th*
tot seme *fce *re ecerclfag for recta j in**.    Thui»d*>, t p.m. mfj-eeek I »U <*oit»iim mtimtun tmm tbeir mmu, (k,rmMn mtiititrm mmttu^t.      „ _
la connection   with  political graft|prayer service.   ^^. • b»». ^Irjand ^ilt^ly shoi.^
first the Kouminml does not want
te bey Iran tbe wbeleenler wbyf
Ment they pay Itt too meeb for ms-
cblties—why? And further, "only a
few rims are Invited to tetl•!e•.•,
WHY? fsa who love to sit at tbe
feet or Rom and Omen nad let tbem
tlebtn yen witb tbe threat nf prnmiif*
praetk-*      A. I.. IWIfr, nmnter.
There will be e bottoom omaog of
llbo'sboee pert? ee AonAAr nmtf nft.tt
p.m. lo diocese Ibe eeggeeted   Made
in Ct»a«t" dance.
Wnnday   morning,   subject,   *TI»e
Atonement'*;    evening,   "The   l«sst
Knemy,"     Monday evening, Union
■*...—. ,- -* — ,  . Touo* fVopt''« tuecUaii.   W*dnea»U>,
Ry!   Tea who "coerlder tbe Soclsl'itsj social   evenint     Thnrvday,   prayer
tm.t, ni bat" yrtn Ti-fto arc the tuuna, ;-ti'*vla'. Vi'-d*, * .«..;*,•* CUi pr*»-
Kbereby tbt** mm act ere tbeir pow-jtice. Frtdsy sftemoce Udlet' Aid
»r—*ife« io yen like Itt    Hop* aome; be*nlees m^Mag. '
dap te get tbe name ebancet   tttt on j ~— -■—	
peer tlnteehf Tie beneh yea ttort* Married at Pvwtbyterian Manse, on
sire a IWB* lm wis* to let yea la mi U»t. m, tSmXyn.Trtb-t-nwand Mnrg*t«:
fb* •pffbrnr**" »ft»f tf tbmT »*»« rf-t  V.ifnituUIi. liotft af CotKu; aapputUd'
te^ teasember.
♦hfy %n> few.l
yaw ere ler«n.
by Wlliteni ead Jean Phillips
Vuetjusrrie nffkls'liif.
W. J.
»!*f***t'-re«W»«t -ef th* bttrnt*    in    fh*
mwinttme having declared thst crll".
H*w et IN army administrators *n*-:Uf>
not permissible.
Rnrouraged by memlK-rs of bis own
party, who shcute-d; "gpeek In ih»
nai»«* »f jtmr part*." Htrr L**!ebeer
cv>t.';,v.v.«d'. i
"The rieimen peltry must be *urbt
n •bleid, e sefeteard of their freedem j
\s .t Roctellst a«4 >n * n*rr*n m j
frfet I belfevf I ought to empbatlref
that f have done tbf* in tbe interett of*
mi hn'ovet iMhtr'intiA ead ol thiwf*."
ie tbe face of loed oppceltlon cries
of "Sbame"
, ■ • »i..fc*»ik ki. **..-- -^u./, rn*-*-
ja-tri'«ia« iWbonr* etteet em the mill-
l-^debour'* ottenm m«i**1»«HI le tay-
'nn h- «at absolutely ttorritied when
n ten Any* ago tbe military aether!-
tlm itneonnemA thit' •♦.ft   rnn'if *"irti
tbrrf Kmiflan vlitattet tar every em
bnrnr-t hi  <h* Pit* *'nf *      There 1\ Lftfi.
bn*unbi   i ftermy -yrmr.i trom «b«
eonJtiwialivt meanbeni   «b« iibe«t'-4
"tre.teon,*' *"we ptntmt," "t,%il bim fe
1 Ur Kar! fJetew-rtit, 'St* u*Un\ mitt-
'•■t tbf "-gnt "Barbiitt-tt*." !w *kUU
be «ae called te Offer. j,:.,***-^-'
. #*3v«ft
*paiSIBIE!3IBI^^ 21
Who Said Rainbow
Chaser ?
this writer Show! that Socialists Are
the hjoft. PH^I^I'oT Persons and
That Socialism Is Not an Arbitrary
Scheme, But the Lo-jical, NsceiM y
and Inevitable Goal of Evolution.
appeal to tl^p economic interest of %
majority, of the voters of Amejicfc,
only appealing ;&e'c|ngarily to tbetr
sentiment aid, th*8iV .mere intellectual
' Probably the chief reason why
some people regard the Socialists as
impractical is because these people
have sot investigated the subject of
Socialism closely enough to discover
that its logic is based upon the inevitable operation of economic laws.
All 'the Socialism they have ever
heard of is Utopian Socialism, and
they- do not know that there is any
difference between the political, scientific Socialist and the Utopian Socialist.
Hut there is a vast difference.
The Utopian is a man who approaches {he subject from the standpoint of sentiment or mere intellec-
are seared out of them by the rising
Socialist vote,
lie also discovers that it is useless
to ask a President or a Governor to
perform any act against the economic
interest of the capitalist class, except
in so far as such acts are scared out
of them by the rising Socialist voto.
In short, he discovers that the
much-misconstrued economic interpretation of history is true—that the
economic factor is the predominating
factor in legislative, judicial and executive action.
1 wish right here to go on record
as registering my personal opinion
that the mental, moral and spiritual
tual conviction that Socialism would   factors   in   human   evolution   are,  in
be a good thing. He sees that the
masses of the people are compelled
to starve mentally, morally and spiritually in order to keep from starving
physically. He sees that Socialism
would cure that evil. And, therefore, without considering whether the
project is practicable or not, he pronounces in its favor. To him, Socialism Is an arbitrary scheme, an invention, concocted in order to cure the
evils of society.
To the scientific Socialist, on the
contrary. Socialism is, not an arbitrary scheme or invention, but the
logical, necessary and inevitable goal
of economic evolution.
The scientific Socialist has the same
ideals that the Utopian Socialist has.
But. instead of standing on the mountain peak and trying to get men to
fly up there through the ethereal blue
when they haven't any wings to fly
with, he stays down below and marshals them for a march up the mountainside.-
He scans the history of the human
race, and. while he finds that sentiment and mere intellectual conviction
have been great factors lii. the evolution of humanity, he nevertheless
finds bur slight reason for believing
an absolute sense, infinitely more important than the economic factor.
When I say that the economic factor
predominates, 1 do not imply that
it ought to predominate. In.my. judgment, it ought not to predominate.
But it does predominate. And a" wise
mail always takes cognizance of the
actual facts.
Therefore, the scientific Socialist
concludes that it would be a difficult
matter for him to get the human race
to adopt Socialism within a reason-
itble time by appealing solely to sentiment or mere intellectual conviction.
He concludes that it will be a difficult matter for him to get the human
race to adopt Socialism within a reasonable time, unless the economic
laws are also working towards Social-
tind thereby assisting lilm to attain
his object.
In other words he concludes, that
it will be a difficult matter for him to
get the 'human race to adopt Socialism
within a. reasonable time unless thC
economic laws are such that they
iiialip it to lhe economic interest of a
majority of the voting population to
vote for Socialism.
*  .If the economic laws are of that
(iii.racter. then he can appeal to the
that he could  within any reasonable  wonomic  interest of the  voters,   as
time get the human race to adopt So- j well as to their sentiment and their
sialism by appealing to sentiment and
Intellectual conviction alone.
lie knows that, In  order to Intro-
,»..„.. o„^l„l;...%,   lo,.,c miikI lm i-aillpiill» , i-l'illmii     the   s pi on If fie _Snei:i1!*ftt -Cllli:
change 1,
He looks about and he finds that
the   predominating   factor   which, in
disinterested intellectual faculties.
To find out whether the economic
iiws do or do not  work  toward  So-
ly crowded\he little capitalists to 'the
wall and forced them into the ranks
of the working class; that, while the
working class has constantly increased in number, the introduction of labor
saving machinery and the centralization of industry into trusts and combines are constantly throwing workingmen out of employment, that hard
times have therefore become chronic,
that there are over a million unemployed In the land, eveu during comparatively prosperous times; that each
periodical crisis of acute harJ times
swells this number to several millions;
that a man now has to have a fortune
In order to engage iu business with
any chance of success; that the door
of opportunity for a poor man has been
closed; that it is an impossibility for
any of the workingmen to rise out of
the  working class, except those, extremely rare exceptions which prove
the rule; that the only way in which
the workingmen can now emancipate
themselves from wage slavery is by
breaking, and throwing off the chains
of the entire working class; that so
long aB capitalism exists, the workers
are doomed to remain on the ragged
edge of starvation, deprived of the
higher things of life; that poverty, insanity and suicide have become frightfully commonplace; that lt Is .to the
economic   interest  of the  capitalist
class to continue the present capitalist
system in order that It may keep on
exploiting the  working class out of
the lion's share of the value of Its
Jabor;  that it is to the economic interest of the working class to abolish
the present capitalist system and introduce Socialism in. order that It may
secure the full value of its labor; and
that the working class constitutes the
grout majority of the population of the
United States.
The scientific Socialist, therefore,
concludes that the economic laws are
infallibly working toward Socialism,
liy their operation, they have made
,ii to the economic interest of an
-.overwhelming majority of the voters
;or the United, State* to vote for the
.destruction of capitalism and the introduction of Socialism.
have been* realis-Sd.' . I do not think
the general.bopy of Socialists would
wfck ;j» s*^ JjW^ilipg tp^Vcb into Berlin, ifiiQ ^'x'cfjsistve -Prussian mania
. , „ , for ara^TTbrC-e' must 'be effectively
Never agalircharge the scientific So- j'^Q, i^^; aid that is ac-
cialist with being impractical. He is;tuaUy belng aone ^ vrong com.
the most practical .man on the face of »,d upoa ,Belgilim mu§t be repaired,
the earth. Politically and economical-j The rest are secondary. We want
ly, he is the only, practical man -on the i to reduce the surviving ill-wind and
faco of the eprth,   . !hatred dfter ^ War to"a mlnimum.
The Republicans and Democrats are '-. •    *•'
As soon as peace is declared and
indeed, Jiefore, the upper classes of
practical. The Socialist party works"the belligerent countries will devise
In harmony with the economic laws., means to-extract the cost'of the war
It is therefore practical.   ' ; chiefly trim labor.     Then the -grand .
The Republican and Democratic'. struggle, more profound than the mill- (
pities work against the economic j tar>' struggle,. will be resumed. In
laws. They try to defeat those laws, j Kngland, especially, 'the series of agi-
They kick Against the pricks. They', tatl°ns whichopened with the strikes
try to turn the* wheels of progress'of the transport workera and coal min-
backwards. They resist the inevitable, ers will recommence. At the same
They are - therefore rainbow chasers.! V™! Socialists in all other countries.
They are foredoomed to fail.   Thoir I deluding the United States, must or-
1 ganize for this central activity ot la-
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,DJ.W.A
rainbow chasers.   Whoever works In
harmony  with  the economic laws is ]
doom is written'. Their days are numbered. Future historians .wiil chronicle th.; fact that the Republican and
Democratic parties fought against, the
operation of the irresistible economic
lews, that they'resisted the spirit of
tho age, and that they therefore iii6
Integrated and died.—X. Y. Call.
When War Ends Labor's
Big Struggle Begins
By Frederick G. Gould
sr of- British So
the Independent Labor Party
bor, which involves also   the   resistance against militarist politics.   Each
National Socialist Part); must seek to
build up Its own native Socialism, and
| to achieve its own native control of
■ industry.    At the same time each nn-
I tional party must put the International
j Principle in the top line of its pro-
i gram, for no essential progress can
be made by one national alone.        v
With these efforts must be combined
a more systematic endeavor to educate
the public In Socialist ideas, and to
educate the young people connected
with the Socialist membership.     Wis
Member of- British Socialist Party, and ' »'»nt less oratory and more calcula-
jtlon; less( demonstration and more or-
' ganizatlon; less noise and more brains.
(Editor's Note.—After reading Geo.     ln short the prime needs are now—
D. Herron's article on the war, publish-     l. jStrong national unions to deal
ed in the American Socialist, Dec. 5,  with the local, political and industrial
Frederick G. Gould, well known In the situation. *
British Socialist movement as an au-1    2.  iMore business like international
thor of several volumes and closely
connected with, the movement for the
education of the young Socialists in
Kngland, wrote the following article.
He recently made a tour of the United
Plates lecturing before many of the J^e gtobe^j;i"eriCRV8M7aHaK
large universities.   Ills views on what j 	
the Socialists must do after the war is C0M,MERCE PUTS G0LD
machinery in which every Socialist
branch all over the world must be interested as one or its chief objectives.
II. "Carefully planned and energetic
training of young Socialists all over
". No: 2314
Mset first .and third Fridays,
Mirers' Hall. Fertile; second and
fourth Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill. Sec.. Fernie. B. C.
No. 2334
, Meet  every  Sunday   afternoon
at - 3' o'clock   !n   Cralian's   Hall.
Sick  Btnerit Society attached.—
R. .Beard, secretary.
No. 1387
Meet   every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren.  Sec Can-
iioif, Altn. • I'        ''   .
No. 10?8   .
Meet s.-cond and fourth Sunday
In month.'  Rick and Benefit Socl
ety attached.—--Mack Stigler.
No. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
S.Sh   p.m.   In   tlie   Opera   Ifouie,
Coleman.—J.   Mitchell.  Sec. Box
IAS. Coleman.
No. 2633.
Meet every alternate Sunday at
'8.30   p.m. (ln   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstpne, Sec   .
, No. 2352 ' '
Meet every second and fourth^
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—-ThOB. G. Harries.
Sec. Passburg, Alta,.
'    -     BURMIS,LOCAL
•    No. 949.
Meet every second and, fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
tri School House. Burmis. No Slek
Society.—ThoB. Q. Harries, Sec.
Pass-burg, Alta.
over should be interesting.!
As a member of the Socialist move-, A rea(,er agkg the followlng ques.
ment and sufficiently familiar with j Uon w,th argument attaChed: "The
lt« details both generally, and In our' Soda!lst coutention is that since the
own country (Ureal Britain!. I am not l workeM recelve back only a portion
inclined to agree with Ueorge D. Her-jof wJmt ^ produce> and since tne
ron and others in lamenting the no-
caipitalists cannot consume   the   sur-
called failure of International Social- - ^ t,iey E„k forelgn market8. Since
Ism.    The Socialist movement, though „xl]0rtllig to other capltallstlcally deve
No. 20
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock In thn Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sit.. Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec '
— v •' : ;
No. 2829
Meet cVery first and third Sunday uf each month ftt 10 a.m. ln
Union Hall. Maple Leaf, No Slok
Society.—Thos, G.-'Harrlt*. Sec.
Pansliurir.1 Altn. s
No. 374 /    ■'.
Meet every Tuesday .^ventng ■
at 7.30,  in Miners' Hall, ISth  <
Avenue North.—Robl Peacock,
Sec.-Treas., Box 24.
Nc. 431     ,
Meet every Sunday at US p.m. .
tn   the   SootalUt   Hall. — Jamta
Burke,   Sec,   Box  41.   Bellevue,.
No. 2877      „   -
Meet every second Sunday at I
nVlock  tn  the-Club Hall.'    Sick
Benefit Society   attached.—!*.
Gapbutt, sec. Corbin; B.C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, nt Boarding: House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
No. 12(3
Meet Sundays, after eaeb pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Blck and
Benefit   Society   "attached.—B
Morgan. Secretary.
cally   examines  the Asocial   structure.
And what does he discover?
He discovers that a few generations
fluences confrress-Hs and legislatures ln iiis-'o thc wealth of America was quite
pareing laws, judges in Interpreting j evenly distribute-:! and the work .near-
thorn, and presidents und governors in j l.v all done by innd: that the inven-
-enforcins them, Is-, not sentiment nor jtlon and introduction or labor saving
mere lnte!l«cnial conviction, but tht* j machinery caused hand production to
'coiiomk' interest of the mon whom ■ nlvo way to factory jtroduction mid the
the legislators, Judges and executives I Independent hand laborer to heeo.me
really represent, ] n  dependent  wage  worker;  that the
! He finds that almost all of the laws  owner of the Industries took posses-
iff the United States and of the various St:i:es of the Union have been
passe.?* because they were to the economic interest pf the dominant class—
the capitalist class—which most of the
Senators, Congressmen and legislator* repiesent, although elected by the
votes of workingmen.
He, discovers that when any man
or bedy* of men goes before a Con-
src»s or a legislature and attempts to
k**a u law passed which Is agalnBt the
qe'n-notnlr IntereHt- nf the capitalist
clnsfi, he simply wastes his time and
bf oath, except in so far as such law»
a jo •-span'il out of thom by the rising
S-JoclillUt vote. •
, He a!ho dUemnr* that It Is n waste
-ff-time ami monex to go before a
i our: and :r> to x*;t a decision against
the .-economic Interest of the capitalist
class except In ho far At aiipIi decisions
ion of the entire product of the work-
(•ih and paid only a fractloij of It hack
to tliom In the'form of wages: that
this 'surplus product, earned by the
workers, but kept by the'capitalists.
1ms caused the wealth of the •couhtry
to gradually gravitate Into the hands
• Ry their operation, they have
'evolved the capitalist systeta to the
jpnlut where it has already, passed
itho period of its usefulness, where it
-is no longer able to care for Its own
victims—where It is causing men to
■defienerate—aud where It stands as a
-barrier in tlie way of further progress.
• Hy tlieir operation, they have con-
icon trated wealth In the hands of a
'few and centralized the Industries in
-such ti- manner as to make the transition to social ownership easy and imt-
jiii'al,   •
• And by their'continued operation,
Ithey- will   still   further concentrate
.weiilth:'they will still further central-
h* the-industries; they will still further crowd the little capitalists Into
of a few. that this'exploitation by the the working elass; they will still fur-
capitalists of the larger portion of the tber Introduce labor-saving machinery;
product of tho workers makes It Impos- they will still further produce disss-
aible for the workers to buy back more J rati* crlsln;   they will still  further
than a fraction of their product; that null up tho door of opportunity, and
th« capitalist and *hlc satellites are tli»»y will still further make the work-
unable to consume, the balance or tof«»m more-niit! tribrc ready to listen to
.-the result of fur back historic causes
{'-loped countries would result merely
i-^mr-rerj-yOTniriir-iiiBHi.iBinwH-.-ov-j—an exchangT^rgoo3inKejTo"T5
ns say It is about forty years of age. j^|ldevc,op0!, countries;Ifor example, .to
and that It has already assumed some ,.nilna and In(,ja    When they 8el, vhlB
sort   of   International character' for',
It has never had
!,stirplus to these countries, ^at do
ibout twenty years. It has never had !-(hpy recelve Sn exchange? If commo-
ut. efficient In tenia tional machinery, j'^,^ of what ftviu to thWB ,„ toe ox.
Its coiiRrcsses have heen Interesting, ;;t,hange( Bince the workerg are unable
lively, eager, hut have net'been mere ,'t(J .)Urcha8e any morc? Xni wUat do
-than paternal conversations. A shrewd jilh£w comparat|veiy undeveloped peo-
-Uri-Ish observer. Professor -Ite-Mley. ;;,,,„ have wltU wh|Cb t0 pay for tho
tnot a Socialist, but a former friend «C iWrplna our capitalists send them?"
Karl  Marxl  hn* .often affirmed that ,| .      ..   h
, .       ,,.<<-,   ,„tl ,  '    There ls an interchange of gooes be-
a large number of German Socialists i. , *     "      ,      >■
,     ,.,„,., ii litween capitalists of almost all coun>
were merely what In England pre call-!*    _    \[ .,_._._ ...._ .,.,._•„,._■_„ .....
,eii ■■Radical's;' nnd 1 suppose It may be if
ndded that, in America tbey would be!;1 . .. ..„.•,,- _
,, ...      '   .      .   „    . n ,. i      'that one side may be able to make a
,1-ailed Depiocrats.    In Great Iiritaln. a,rIiIir_. _fl, ,„„' tW>ltW     9n.1tkr
considerable proportion of the Labor
I'arty Is composed of Liberals and Had-
Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000       Reserve Fund .,.,$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq, President   ELIAS ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Ir.tereet snowed on deposits st c-rrent rate from dsts Of deposit* -
'(tried. So far as this Interchange balances,- neither' galas anything, except
that one side may be able t
rhljfhor profit than tbe otber,
Icflls, who render support to ^hc capitalist order,    .rtven in the Independent
,I*abor Party (which is Socialist I. many
members are scarcely more than Upmo '
rrats. „   lu 'Fnjijpc' and, nolgluin, noj:'
ins (here Isk balance, tbat Is eq'uailUed
'by a sort of bank 'clearance tche-im*.
j without extaa&ge' df' Money. "When
the capitalists of one nation send out [
'■ more good's* 'Ofttti thf*y receive in return,'thd balance4 Is effected through "
.-ouhi. the aodallstsVar, more roue $*;. '»«>M?nt'" ^,d ^^ *^'il
, In the undeveloped countries, schemes \
;'are worked' to do things lTot the gov- *-
find « forelpn market »for all pf it;
thnt the 'products, therefore, ipilR tip
nnd result ei*ery f»w years rn*.severe
bard times becaime the industries have
to shut down and, throw, their m«n
out of employment on account ot being
■unable  to,'dispone of thc. products;
'the Ooclailst, who xhows them the only
*way put.
Ilccidedly. the economic lawn are
'wurkliu towcrd Sorlullsni. They have
'mndn Socialism not only practicable,
'lm? Itunltahl*. They have brought
'hImmu a condition of nffiilr» wherein
.lute, logical and class connclous.
The oc; result hns been .that Inter-'("'J ""'CT, 7 "w *"'iT„,'ZSZ ««.'." i"
.national Socialism In KproV had i.e. \v™*"*\ J^-/0 »4 lo,«*furt paH
.power »f venMtinre agslns. )l,e Ud,!,"^ ,°f 6°% '"' **-7lV " h ''
*> rnto-lo-Aomi and mllHa-y. piiaton ^ !^*«l'»'11.d,or;pori»aps material,
that the big cairttallsts have t'onstHnt-rt,ln> #c|<»nt|flc Soelallst can unerringly
which rose suddenly latt AugysL
■ Ur builJlng's dra'swml-pabllc nature; i
*m„„» .*.„ ...i™. „* „-» ,i,„ w.,,..   «'i lianvkre 'mbdd'df gcld.-u'ttb a pub-
,   Among tiie nations ot war the blnipe-u ,      ..,*•,   «
,   „ , , j, .,■    _ -lie oM it i ion th«t interest be paid In J
,i*-m otifi Is nelglmn .and the fiermiin ;•'        *■'   .     ■      -.,     ,..'
Attack on KpIbIsii ,nM wn* th" trem-ii"0   ' • ..      .*,.■.. '.
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables In one of these boxes
■     . t •      r     i ..     ■
Fernie Provincial Election 19IS
fceilow Workerr,-
,(.'!,•«.!, '.•!«: •! .mis'.jkp of !!,.< ■PmasMh.ij   I'ai'lMliata.arsi krislou* su every iia-,
/wivy.     Ti e ,*.»•  party' In l^mipinl \*il°n l0 ■tr-fout moi* than UUxUht In. t
.'iun fciueiiie! Ill fMillnx, 4Kuln*t .Uer-'!,'''«''" '■* cxehanulng r.-nl vfll.ie for the-
many jrr the>st fl/leep yc*ar», nnd;;reprc«entfttlve value of money, ind Is :.p
;b-f wllcv tf the rii'ltjft ebstex \'i»f ,0^ ,0 ,h« ,?h0'e »M»?»le'' t.'«»W>' * j:    '
;.een   lo  •ii.iJun.ae c«opera|l«n «rl'h!:«»» ,t0 .l** c,»l,lt*lt.,.t, «■ ,thw. «* r"' r 	
"    , ,,     . i .'  . .,» .    .'.i, tvtt.y*,  -. ,i''IVi m ttifwi nf ib» «»irnln» find 'if the •      . ..       , ,   , „     ,, ,, „ ,
,. ,„„LI.:,t,t„„  ,.1-9   I-..,, I*.   i\„4 tlilS.'i.-l,,*J- u ,, . ,  ,  , ,   . „\*  .*   ll.dliU.   ul  Sail,     WlJ   I..C  It
even 'f nermntiy bfttl not violated 'lW.l.>«niV time glvef them more  i.ttney  yhf U)T (.(|i MmiAhMi ,r><n|| ,0 i
ior nmTHBa mtohmation Aftvt to
B. Fowler, Manager Fertile Branch
»rit«*H ***r.p»rty''*•*'* *blch'to Invest furt'her nnd do
this -\l,ti*r* buslnp*'
'      Once again the time hat arrived when the worker Wi au opportunity ot expressing hii opposi-
tion Vj thc pieient order of tbingi.   Once iifain be can give evidenje of hii conviction* that he is
.diieutiMit.I v ith the continuance ol hi» exploiUHon, •'    .
ht li ii, lalut* that hia effort* may be'tiw&rfatd became of the igttoranct of hts fe!lowi
, .it>ttl be, plumed &*} t*«f ,vx!pv**
.«»<»«, .<** ntSWWX..W* *%• ^nfcars. a (H0,cr car lbul b,t )0tt»
fnore and wore Influence oypr,i.'da»iry, '   .-lt rPt>mwed one, all right," tha
t*lnc«(iv^at,b*|» deals lu l» ihe momy     .  *	
,ll»m sll nee]f.    Thus sn. act uul plolo-
.rracy pr rplt.of goid develops.   Tl^t.
tplu!otru^ l» mwfiner, toCny '.hiii It]
,*aas year. ago.   lp.sp|te.of t^auntUH]
,      He, however, supplements bit convictions by bU action and IrnUad of LOSING HU VOW pm-
.hn to vote for.thfat which he wanU, tntt if he fatti to ftt it, Tatbif than vote for either of tbe old
putiei, .",'.'
Nobody ti going to bring the ditiancipotion of the worker to blrit, he mmt, ai hot ever been tite
thc mm. strtiPirie for it. and thii itrnwla wae never .more intense than it tf today.
The **?*mn ol a cerajmifn mnrt be famished by the workera tfcemaeive* out tbeir scanty
■c: rrinsr*.
Wc appeal to 151 workers to em* 1«rmrt\ ^ith thHr MOHIlii with the faltat awrtnee that
tt n«l ht ree-t tmvr.rrti h^itfrirf tlie ttay ol •mtnwpaww.
lhe wcjkuf; ton cannot obtain it* freedom by wishing lw **; bard work ii necenairy to ac
ffirpltth thii end.
M05TSY ri RKQWRrt), ifmrttm tet nt havp a»t'yim mp wmro
it all monies revived and etpended.
A full Aeemni wi'I he tmtti '■
Hoping to b*r (rn von at an early date.
Town ia Emit,
•tc Local Mo. IV
; !,.li iMMitrt'!-;-
.tcuIiI b.iv<» i'ixtenxaxe J to tlra»v
.cemitr;. Into tin; rfiiilllrt.
The fa<" !r. ill tin* area! Kiropwii
)<om*r* nre ;H fmilt, tlotijh thc fler-'
mills, Mux thorough and Intense In
.mHltarUm n* lri many other things,
htve In-Ill tbt? »»:;> in mania! seal and
If  i*  ri   wi%*e nt ti«M*  to dinpfitf
|,vbftl»er »*sp!»#l!#m or militarism l#!tlop and pfnyurs It wiil, f-few- *vco
j,l!»c.smirei' of ih* war,    IkHb tbe pro-j ttronsvr, thsn now, umW the^y^-tn is I
!/lt mtiklBt system' hnotrn Is Wpliaf-1 -rhsn^NI t^irmiih the rotuiuctin|f af Inf
I tnm and tbe brutal oppression known ttrrhiiw, *^olb fore Ian aad d«fi cstlc, i
' ■«•» willtirlt'm, %r* irvpressloii* eft©«H'|,b}' tk* opffttfttfmn ,ln tttt ipterptt of *
mi the samr spirit of *»ploltstlo'n oi |,lbc »bol* people. , Plptprracy fill
the w-vbIpt by tin- utroniet.   ttoih *r*\yinA when privstf bunllni give* pl.icej'
psrn ot ihi* mm* moral and matprisl ip n|v»nnn«iit .monopoly, ol bapbingt
evil,     llfltto uust te' owoortt t«#stlwi*. ^it't pvtvitt* _ owwevshlpi ttt  ludnntrl'-ja
1   In Knslsnd   fnti   wbw,  the Horisl- ia public ownirsblp,—-Amwat to Rea-1
l,i»i l*art» Is b»iaa MtrmiHwii ny imc.I- i *on,   * j
I i*i.». *uu ,irv« imk nwmiuu.     itum i*j,  -■■ -•-»*—       .   .    t
• l« *»>, tbey will Jwin Movlalltl* In dr ,       fTORINO COAC IN WATtR
hinm-i'siti tb- Ka!w".', m-il Wit IM ■>-»■•',' - -  '
(tr^y and the trust* that sre Intemttwi •   The adlvsntsacs of stcrlni qnaatltlfi
!'«   *nr»ia»it>iii-aMiittfactaiw;   Uul  lb#)   ttt ronl und-pr water. wb*r# dctfrlorji
t ■••»«« mnaot bum <** Mo-miMi* m *»-jIhhi hi aswnn te.* ipan hi tne sir, are
la.Minflnt tb* systeai wblrb MakM prt- appmlla* mor* and mom strongly to;
vat* profit out of wheat, sagsr. ret-! *ftgl**»rt.    It bssibeea gtaefvlly re-1
tmt, wool, how*** nnA 'Hmd.     tloeb I rotntlmA tbat th* gases eoncwalwd iaj
nupiioit la of no uhimate vales.   After * tbe pores of the coal- ot) gen ta par-1
tb* war Is over tb*se pecttMs wttljtlwbir-arc mposslbl* for both beat;
rr-ml>ff* *irt.?n with ttt* rn pf tnlhtf ete in ■ fnf snif dWfurfrtfiff-wt.,. nut tbelr *ttfip*f
j«!as* la upbotdiag t»* todasirUl ea-1 tftoaM be prevwatidl at far aa po**tbl«.j
J y.'uI'.Jttiu.i   •,', L'l!i   i,ruiJf-i'">M   r.*r*.   *i ]1\%,l fntmrncf Ie ":xtcr ft pr,t«*tKt?»f f,
I threat *t*i <*mfli, 1 naa-hni.  aad  iittle o%Wli«tioa  mhtti
-   WNb retperti Htbe war. I bette^e;i•*-**    ecpwrtasMts Mv* nbntm ttet!
(n rrtf imbvtsiitf .1 ffcvcfc to rr-aertaa teal hept ootm water far tbe speie* ef |
| wilitarisM was wttecfei last ttptessbev < t*r** yamn lest torn ibaw » per rant. {
, it) til   tbr   kS'lhtitt'   Uptm   f**l4»   ItU*   ""   i*ff*»«*»n-t   tint *t**%t*X\tm *tHt*0tj*t an 1'
'   -. -:■ *,.'      If **t1*t cttrrft i*iti ll* *» tn*
sina-sMi'. ",v*u were frarcd half ta
iti ;itli. ami don't know whether It was
,n motor car or something resembling
,',. ',: '.'".' •„'..', lv ,i«!-'i,'.',    "1 '•> i*
U'\ fttruck by tbe res^mblacc."
Workers will never have private
property until Soclallim glvM them
tb«> tbinw to retsln what tbey pro-
Hi* niin*im wpm ffavte *»* 1" ttttttoott, **W* to^itim OtbtAH <* .
f*tf ,**«t*e  off**  tfmw n  -terrmtam hr'\
For the Honiee
Every week in the year something St needed for
iim mime, avtrxinwa tvetsb m tm mum. aiwaoaew
ftmUtnre or new clothes, The Hat It endless sad
the worry ol the bouaewife is tlmoat as eadlees,
valets Bnt uses inteWftwee and sytttm in her
Tne advertising columns art intended fat toch
i lam if uri j riuunwass|iei a,.   i nwy eontmin rati neww
*t^-**^VSv   ^mottA m^mo^Bm   wmm ^^^^t^w  V-^^tv   w^^w^m^vt wewe^B ^^Vvea^w S-^^pe
ancertaintfet. Certainty tbt advertfitre wtpect
tomakemiMey. Artthqrnotwtitlsdtaittf tiny
make fife mora eomfartsMt for thowsads?
omn unetn§anoe. Tnty win swvv many o vtata
H B  -Please forward all contrib«lioti» to Sccwlary
■^ mmm. ■■mn ■ ta
BOS Wa, FBRlfUE, B.w.
^*mpbasttse4 aa to mwdev tbe Hbeniiwi
;   '  .* '*'.■* -.* •■f-ti'.w. tb* tuns' lr.wt-
Itm ntb'momtot et ,%b* etvwwiie will
*.'** nt trom & le I per cwat. t» »i
t'i'-tt** >ear.'"4tvt»n<>e sad'Art eC'ttta-L
•sf 11 /
,1BMWBBPWqffiflgMSW* BC"WVM&g» ^5
Being iii Observation on the News pf
'Wfe«J&W iiiid the Effect
of Government Press   Bureaus   rnx
tbs Worts'o*'the Correepondeht.
X few V-a'afci ago'the powers ot Eu-
ropo assllnedtd'fcrabce tbe duty ot
p\ilflng*d3waria uprising In .Morocco,
and,v thfere being' comparative quiet
throughout t£e world at that time,- the
brushes, skirmishes and near-battles
between" natives-and Frenchmen were
made tb* basfe oft *war headlines and
mud? descriptive writing.
. This was frattWulaWy true in London anil in th'e centres of the continental nations, and after a few mpntbs
the America* newspapers began to
play up the elaborated cable stories.
Tbe foremost news services, of
course, obtained dally bulletins setting forth tbe movements of troops
aud tbe briefest ot descriptions ot engagements. Most of these bulletins
filtered through the capitals of Europe.
Tplegntjjk, aud cable editors
throughout' tbe United States, on re<
flifctlbn, will recall that many a well-
written story rode tbe wires, leased
and aMoolatlou, ln that scrap between
jUorocop 3Qd Its guardians. The subject a-d-mitted of a spread and an occasional scare, for tbe inhabitants or
Morocco were the best horsemen In
the world; they were fanatical (therefore unafraid), and it atways was ln
order to predict or speculate- oh the
possibilities ot a."boly war.".
How Fabricated
The telegraph editors would. have
been greatly interested at that time
to follow tbe procedure ot building
the numerous picturesque stories of
the conflicts between the French and
the Arabs. Doubtless those ot an
analytical turn of mind—and every
desk man ls so accustomed to some
degree—realized that much of the
news of tbat campaign was "fashioned" not a great distance from the 'Manhattan end ot the Brooklyn Bridge.
The process was quite simple. A
'bundle of London newspapers would
bn tossed from the -deck of a liner
atter the quarantine officer passed the
vessel. These were rushed to the
offices of syndicates and news services. ' They contained vivid -rfecoutr.s
of tbe operations ln Morocco and were
flue copy for rewrite men.
A     tfl-n-nrnrri    bulletin. therefore
tjjra lii tjie London papers was available to be tacked onto t&e ela-bprate-4
. In one instance, a rewrite man,
wlipW military' equipment was a map
ot tne camjpaign territory, an atlas
'aind tbtee colored pins, fought, tbe war
wjthoiit regarid to the actual 'movements of tbe, troops. When tbe pins
would be moved closer' together, in
accordance with the meager news provided by tbe cable bulletins, he would
deem It about time to fight a battle.
Accordingly, tbe United States would
hear next day of how tbe natives, dressed In their picturesque flowing robes
and mounted upon the most powerful
of Arabian horses, charge the.French
troops, riding into the teeth of rapid
fire guns. Annihilation, of course,
waB the result. But before annihilation, there was always the weird death
chant and tbe terrible shouts of defiance. It was fine material for word-
Contrast Marked
Is Incident! is rather late in coming to the attention of newspaper
men. It, perhaps, is not news to many
ami will justify the suspicion of others.
Hut it ls timely, for it marks a great
contrast in the manner of handling the
present day news of the European war.
Wheu the first clashes occurred In
Europe, correspondents were up
against an almost hopeless.situation.
They were tied hand and toot, figuratively, by the military authorities, and
uven If tbey had been free to advance
to the firing line ami obtain tbe bent
material ih war history for stories,
tliey hud no way of getting by the
government censors.
The result was that the Moroccan
campaign methods were repeated—
but only for a time. The readers of
newspapers are a thousand times
more vitally In teres teu in the present
conflict tban they were in the subju-
gatlon of the people of a rebellious
principality. Facts were demanded
—not fancy descriptive ■writing. Ten
words' announcing that tour vessels of
this or that side had been sent to the
liottohi of'.the ocean were worth ten
volumes of-flubdub.
(Moreover, readers were not much
concerned with the opinions of correspondents. .,What they were concerned with vyere tbe actual developments \ ot the. war, with no more
'elaboration than was necessary to
bring out tbe facts of tbe bulletins in
a more clear manner, and to provide
exact information concerning the armies, the ships and the generals en-gaged
as well as Information' concerning the
locality of action. .
The correspondents, it must be re-
njeraber'ed, are not responsible for apparent, presumption in the analyzation
of manoeuvers. The most of this work
Is "jammed" into their copy after the
rewrite man gets hold of It, and being
rewritten first by the cable editor, and
second by the star rewrite man, and
third in the receiving newspaper office,
without counting the interlineations of
the telegraph editor, it is little wonder
that much of the wnr news seems foolish and extravagant to the close observer.
Evidently the editors of the great
services and ot the newspapers and
syndicates'who bave special representatives in tbe war zone are awakening
lo the fnot that the present war ls perfectly exciting enough to attract attention without the necessity of faking, t padding, or word-painting. And
It is time that there should be such a
chAnge of mind.
- The class of matter sent out by
some syndicates bring to mind the
story of the lost Titanic. When the
Carpathla landed the survivors of the
wreck, the story was so big that the
most experienced men in the news-
writing busines^ were in despair at the
prospect of truthfully and competently
depicting the scenes and incidents.
Yet there were some men on the dock
thnt- night who, falling to rise to thc
the enormity of the story, fell back
on the usual irtethod of "getting something that some one else would not
have."   The result was that even with
which' came over the cables next day
provided tbe "news worth" for a
"special cable" story of from SOO to
1,000 words, Accordingly as old mat-
the Titanic ptory there was considerable faldng, in fact, one of the fakes
pulled ^off in that story will live ai?
long as Christianity.
, Excuse for Coloring
Ip England, or France, orRussia, or
Germany, or any nation involved in the
present "war, there may be soni3 ex-
cuss for coloring news, from the viewpoint of thp ruling <:lass. The ' wr-
a"o" of the people must be considered.
The psychology of the situation must
tie recognized as a practical necessity,
for troops must be recruited and the
people who,- after all, provide ' Uh?
s news of war, must be kept in tbe
proper frame of mind.
But in the United States, peopled
by- Immigrants from all the warring
nations, tbere is no excuse nor necessity for coloring news to suit one side
or the otber. The North American
continent' is a sufficient distance from
the western coast of Europe to be
viewed in a proper perspective. Decidedly tbe partisan editor, unless he
appeals to a particular class circulation, will gain nothing by taking sides
In the controversy. And this statement is made with full knowledge of
the fact tbat some of the biggest publishers in the country have run up the
flag of the side they are "pulling for."
If all correspondents in Europe
worked under instructions ti favor
one side in the war, it would not be
long until the United States would bc
considered a moral enemy by th*
other side. Trouble surely would result. And when publishers so conduct themselves ns to incite trouble,
tliey aim a blow at the peace and welfare of the country—an act which may,
in the last conclusion, be considered
treasonable. .If the United State.i took
one side or .the other with European
nations, lt would divide those peoples
of those nations who are cittern, of
the United States into opposing factions. An alliance would be tne signal for riots in every city in the nation,
and every village and hamlet as well.
Partisanship, viewed in this light, Is,
therefore, a mild sort of "wlthln-the-
law" treason.
Better Copy Handling
Many of the correspondent.!, jnus-
zled and harnessed by Europe in censors, have been ordered back to their
home offices, where their services Will
Iio valuable at this time. The associations keep'the public informel of
the important developments, and il Is
a areat asset for a newspaper or
weekly to have'a ifian who h-13 been
ot' the ground to handle   Uie   copy
are ordered home, others go out, ahd
tbe impression should not be indulged
that the men returning did not mak?
good while in the field. .They had the
opportunity of observing, and, in. a
conflict'of'such magnitude, seven or
eight days are not much time lost,
when it is considered that the correspondent, before writing, may confer with his editors and be unhampered by censors and not subject to
risks of interrupted mail service.
There    Is    a   justified    complaint
against some of the official press lm
reaus.    They do not hesitate, when it
promises to gain outside sympathy or
ser^e some other purpose, to send out
matter which every editor knows to be
absolutely without foundation.   IThere
is the controversy over dum-dum bullets, in which every press bureau engaged, and also it will be remembered
how  every  bomb  dropped   from' an
aeroplane or dirigible   in   the   early
months of the war fell upon "a hospital, a group ot wounded, a church or a
convent,"  killing  "women  and   children," but never men.     These stories
are  becoming less  frequent because
the presumptive official press agents
have come to realize tbat they, cannot
forever insult th<3 intelligence of American editore.     They got away with
''. vl lie 113'vs was difficult, to get, but
Hit:1 have toned down considerably.
'   The war correspondent of today ls
not the pictured hero of Central American fiction.   lie is a diplomat who
must make friends in the capitals of
Europe.     The special writer may devote his tact to gaining the good ■will
of generals in the field, but the correspondent who is depended on for the
big news must do his work in London,
Paris, Berlin, Vienna   or   Petrograd.
And he has a more difficult job of It
than the correspondent of imagination
who is in the thick of the fray, taking
time between paragraphs of copy written on the field to empty a couple of
nutomatics revolvers at the "enemy"
and help out the army he is travelling
Japf Originators
The methods of muzzling corres-.
pondents really began with Japan—
that is, It became an art. When the
.lapanese-Russo conflict broke out,
the American and European correspondents crossed the Pacific in corps.
When they arrived in Tokio they were
politely received, assigned to quarters
and entertained. They asked when
they would be permitted to go to the
front, and always received the reply
that "it would be soon."     They had
(Continued from last week)
which has been passed by censors, a nice time In Toklo when they were
Decidedly there is a great advantage j not worried with orders, and comin this method, for the rewrite wan  plaints from their editors, but when
in"han  nnt  hpen   farthAr  ongl   tV
Sandy Hook is hardly qualified lo
elaborate on bulletins from tie wav
zone. *
Of course, as fast as correspondents
Very often the Socialist is charged
with telling how conditions may be
improved for the -whole working class
at some later date, but does not give
any information regarding what may
be done new, and as people ire suffering today tbey are anxious to learn
what can be done under this system.
That is to say: What can be done for
the individual sufferer with the limited means at bis disposal.
Here are some of the recommendations:
Healthy homes and pure air.
Keep the dwelling you live in as
clean as possible by the use of hot
water, soap and scrubbing brush nr
Do not leave scraps around to decay.
j Keep the premises free from garbage.
Open the doors and windows every
day so that they may be thoroughly
As milk is one of the great carriers
of disease, take a stroll around thu
premises ot the man from whom you
buy your milk and if there are standing pools around or the cows are not
stabled in clean houses, tell him you
are not going to risk the health of
yourself and family, and if he wants
your custom he'll have to make his
place,sanitary. If you have a flat
or hollow chest don't run away with
the idea that you have consumption,
but start the deep breathing practice
for the purpose of developing the
lungs. All children should be taught
deep -Iireathljig by a fifteen minute
practice outdoors (weather permitting) before entering the class room
every morning.
v The above are a few simple suggestions which do not offer much difficulty for anybody to follow, no matter what the financial circumstances
may be.
.. The sleeplg question ,is one of importance, and to sleep outdoors is now
recognized as beneficial for any one
who is predisposed to consumption or
shows the disease In its beginning
Now we will call attention to the
statement made by the different medical authorities in which they show
up the stupidity existing in society today, Head what a scientist like Dr.
Knopf tells us: "Aborigines and apes
when freed from the contact with so-
called civilization do not suffer from
_t,ih*a»j>iU*fml^.Il' ffllud a. amr.rtk 4il.
Suffered Terribly Until She
Took" Frult-a-tlves"
Sr. Jsan db Matha, Jaw. 27th. 1914.
"After suffering for a long time
with Dyspepsia^ I have been cured
by "Fruit-a-tivet". I suffered so
much tbat I would not dart eat for I
was afraid of dying. Five years ago,
I received samples of "Fruit-a-tives".
I did not wish to try them for I bad
little confidence in then but, seeing
my husband's anxiety, I decided to do
so and at once I felt relief. Then I
sent for three boxes and I kept improving until I was cured. While sick, I
lost several pounds, but. after taking
"Fruit-a-tives", I quickly regained
what I had lost. Now I eat, sleep and
digest well—in a word, I am completely
cured, thanks to "Fruit-a-tives".
41 Fruit-a-tives" is the greatest
stomach tonic in tbe world and will
alwayscure Indigestion, Sour Stomach,
14Heartburn", Dyspepsia aad otber
Stomach Troubles.
50c. a box, 6 for $3.50, trial size, 35c.
At all dealers or sent on receipt ol
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
ventaible disease, and some are quite
plcaiMMl to stale lhe percentage Is decreasing. Imagine that gratification is
felt for the decrease of a disease whlrli
is preventable instead or expressions
of disgust at the continuance of a
civilization (ale) which is acknowledged to bo more dangerous than obtained
among the untutored savages before
tbe white man came-tyto the country!
'nav flMftllv  trnl tt\ f*h*a_fjrtjil lJiA-.nikiira..
* - * —rf ——", —CT^"——^T———m.^—mm-v.mr,—W»»^J—«*vtt tr-
tliey obtained was not exactly "hot."
The war was about at an end.—Ernest
13. Roeser, Editor of the Correspon-j Progress(l)
dents* Bulletin, in the N. Y. Call.        I    The doctors Inform us this Is a pre-
bute to this age, which our platform
orators like to allude to as the Age of
is not the only source
of severe wounds and
injuries. However
caused, wounds, cuts,
burns, eczema, piles,
skin dif/eases and eruptions arc most' quickly cured by Zam-Buk.
The District
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause* The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, bui we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
W* hm* \ottfc*A tlwrmgto ymr jwper vtilh cftn*titonifcto «w* and ltit*r**t.     W* m\$ht tale* tW* opportunity to ex
prase our appreciation for the senrice as rendered so far.  We would alao add that it is one of the cleanest weeklies that we
hate mn across in some tint.
anmrmm w ^m    m ww   wW* ^mmmaim   vis  wm^mmemm^^  wtmwrwm www j,
\'- -.,  _- -  ^SV;.!-  -1' '.9*9Vft
■••■svj-ii-t&ss**-.- - •-**-
$ije Sisiritf £*&!&**
Published every Thursday evening at its, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
pet year in advance. An excellent advertising
•medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
^olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48 •     Post. Office Box No. 380
<llklOH(Am LABEL.
lOviiltMNY of the low estimate in whiidi thi;
intelligence of the working ulass is held is must
strikingly shown hy the prominently displayed posters in all tin- citie.s throughout the Dominion by the
energetic individuals who have launched the "Made
in C'anada'* campaign.
The question, in large, hold letters, "Why are
you out of work?" i.s supplemented by statistics
regarding the awful ness of buying outside of the
Dominion, while to emphasize the situation there is
a picture of a working man, pipe in hand, with a
most rueful expression upon his face, whose wife
with arms around is a picture of untold grief, and
even the child has been effected by the depressing
All <vf which, as you will understand, has for a
purpose the creation ol* the impression that had the
people of this Dominion not sent the money out of
tlie country the horrible state of affairs depicted
would not have arisen. A more specious and illogical illustration it is impossible to conceive. As a
fish nun not live by eating its own tail, neither can
Canada, nor any other country,'construe all its own
productions. As thc wage-earner only receives
hack in wages a portion of the value of that which
lie has produced the surplus ■must lie disposed of by
the discovery of a market-   This is the real reason
nil. Of course the political whoOpers will talk
loudly ahout this and that reform, yet a little analysis will display a very small amount of substance
left when the hot air has evaporated. The grafting carried on by the Conservatives is shocking!—
say the Liberals. Granted, and what then? Can
thc Liberals stop the grafting (the exploitation" of
labor) ? This they cannot do, and furthermore,
their conception of grafting is an entirely different
one to that of the Socialist who considers the peculations of the various government officials as trivial
fn comparison with the scheme of 'things which is
world-wide in its effect—viz., the present wage system.
We say it* you consider the system under which
you are living cannot be improved very much, keep
on voting either for Li'lieral or Conservative and
your expectations will be realized, but if you have to
suffer don't squeal. However, should the desire
to look into thing predominate make a study of
why there are so many poor (and these are they who
do the most), then having found out, realize this
much: If you vote for lhat which is theoretically
sound, and it is not a success (viewed politically)
you liave made your protest, and tlie greater tho
protest the quicker the growth of the spirit of rebellion, and that, is what today we need.
Tlie Socialist and Lnbor newspapers of today are full of reasons why tlie war started,
why we- must continue to have xx'iw and the cause
of armaments. One of tlie chief causes for arming is fear; that may be a fear of bodily injury or
fear of being robbed of personal possessions. As
with individuals so with nations. Let the reader
review the conditions of the west and it may prove
of. interest.
.Many people doubt the feasibility of ever securing under our present system disarmament or the
abolition of war, and tlieir doubts may be well
founded. Still, there was a time, and not so very
long ago at that, when it wiis considered necessary
in tliis western country to go armed. Men frequently started to shoot first and explain after. It was
lhe custom of the country to go armed; and it was
not until the various governments said that men
should not carry arms that the practice was stamped out, And remember it was effectually stamped
out when a heavy penalty was imposed upon men
or carrying arms concealed or otherwise in towns
for the present frightful struggle when all of tlie ,-iml cities- But before this was accomplished there
fanciful explanations havo been disposed of. ..He-
turning to llie publicity crusade mentioned .at the
beginning of this article, we doubt its efficacy provided even the most casual .'thought be given to the
We have heard all sorts of theories advanced,
TutTtfils'sclienietfor rank emptiness has them surpassed. If all nations under the present regime
were to retain their produets for their exclusive use
iroininerce between tlie different countries would
bc defunct.
For instance, taking a local view of the subject,
what wouhl happen right here iii Fernie if there
were no market for coal and voke in the United
States! What would the grain growing provinces
do if they had no export for their flour?
"Oh, yes," some of the "Made in ("anada" champions may say, ''let us export to others our surplus
products, hut buy everything we need at home."
A delicious thought, so highly practical that it makes one laugh to think of such a iisplay of crass ignorance. If these "Made in Can-atla" gentry were
holiest, instead of -stupid, they would eome out bold-
ly ami placard the walls as follows: " We iiiiiimfar
turera are desirous of establishing « monopoly in
the skinning busmen*, and with the protective tariff
to aid us we can do it mon* extensively and offee-
were many skeptics .who wanted to know how it
was going to be done. They argued that a revolver as thc handiest thing to conceal and in spite of
the law there would still be many who would carry
concealed arms. This was quite true, and many
evil-disnosed neonle still retained  tlieir ht-hir i*mi-
cealed. The number of homicides, however, was
considerably less, and as time went on we find the
west has a lower percentage of murders than is the
case in the east. And why: In the first place men
carried arms not because they particularly liked to
(Contlnn-^d bon*' Pace One)
candid, did not appear to 'be particularly elat-ed over" the offer. He also
wanted to know wiy the Assistant Fire
Ghier and fire team driver were laid
off without the members of the committee being informed.
iThe mayor, -with well assumed, surprised stated that he considered It
quite within his right to.lay off any
member of the city staff if by so dqing
lie could s£lve the city unnecessary expense. Jacltson-. thought that it, would
have been, the correct thing to consult
the committee or at least report t'o the
••        . ■     ♦
-Aid. Jackson stated he had taken up
the matter of laying off certain city
workerB with the other member of the
committee, but had received little or
no support.
-Tommy Uphill took exception to this
statement and replied that the proper
place to discuss this matter would
have been the Council chamber. He
could not imagine anyone being discouraged because he had opposition
when discussing the matter privately.
Jackson, however, was in his best
fighting mood, and refused to-be Bat
on and squashed. ""Again he came back
and wanted to know why the city was
paying $10 to two firemen who were
not sleeping ln the Fire Hall. The
Councillor had in view the statement
made by the Fire Chief at the previous
meeting, and in spite of the usual flapdoodle about Insurance rates increasing, etc., he stu^k to his point—he
wanted men who were receiving $10
per month to sleep in the Fire Hall.
The mayor and various councillors
eulogized the virtues of the,two men
In question, stated how many years
experience they had had, that they
:.i'\-c" ir.ifBcrl a fire, etc. From the
way the case was put, it seems so indispensable are the two that were they
dismissed, the amount of misfortune
likely to overtake the city would be
little short of that visited upon the
Egyptians,.while should they be .10 unfortunate as to die, nothing short of
their reincarnation could possibly save
us from destruction. It was almost a
pity that the picture was a little overdone. Jackson contended that there
never was a man whose place could not
be filled. He submitted a motion for
Uphill to second asking that the men
In question be compelled to live in the
hall, but the latter claimed,he had no
Information that would warrant him
in endorsing same, so the motion died.
Personally we believe all that '7 is
By >Sarah W. H. Christopher, Investigator and Formerly Woman Fire
Inspector of New York City
concern we feel is for thc welfare*-of
tlie fire department In th^ event of
their departure from the city or life.
Possibly were a little effort made we
might secure two men who could sleep
In the liall and, after many years of
(There. are mor-e working women
out of employment in New York City
than in any other American city. Tens
of thousands are hunting, for work.
The Sunday Call commissioned Mrs.
Christopher to. place herself in the
ranks of the unemployed women and
try to gut a,jot>. The result of her
trying Is printed -below.—?Ed.),
I went out in the role of an experienced working girl to seek a job in
New York today.. I asked for a chance
to honestly .earn my food, a,n& New
York offered me instead—a cocktail
and u lobster supper!
. I trailed the weary lane of the
woman job stalker, gorged with its
huudreds of thousands half-hungry,
halt-clothed and discouraged souls,
and, instead of letters to write, labels
to paste, boxes to seal, books to keep,
candy to sell, dry goods to measure,
I found myself headed with Insults.
Three times as many experienced
women workers are out of employment today as in normal times!
Three times easier -comes the booty
of the oily, smiling, ogling brute who
hides his immorality behind a respectable announcement for female help,
I found him crouching in his lair
awaiting to pounce upon the wan
starvelings who come to him with
hopeful faces and who struggle from
his embrace with shame and terror!
That's job hunting in these parlous
times in America's biggest city, I presume it is much the same in every
American city where women are out
of work.
As I walked through the grim canon
cf Wall Street in search of a position
a-s stenographer brave men called to
me, "Hello, sis, come have a cocktail!"
Chivalous gentlemen sug^cs'.cl to
me that they could pay me only a $5
salary, but that it would be easy for a
good looking girl like ine to pick up
$15 weekly on the side!
Because I was once a poor, lonely,
young girl in search of work In New
York I knew exactly what was meant
—all the weariness, the temptation,
the despair, represented by these
words I read in a New York paper:
"The number of working women out
of employment is three times what it
is at,this season in normal years."
I thought it couldn't be true. I told
myself that the papers exaggerated.
Bul because I had ouce been a poor
L..   -....,.  .      .     .,9       9    ■     ....'..... ...      .   ■-
-W®j*i-Hjtg—Ijiri—wjtjcii.—»~ ■cOUiGB-t—Bio'cp
for thinking of it.     And so finally I
answering, this advertisement:       .   .
STENOGRAPHER, $5 to $7. - 56;
 St. Room ——.
Room -j- .proved to be the office, of.
a man lnA the .law and insurance business.       ,'        ' .*!
The elevator man who took me up
told'me there had been about 400 applicants for the job, but "that it was
still open.
Thus heartened I entered the office,
and the moment I hove,in sight an
elderly, up-to-date man advanced,
gave me one sweeping look and, turning to three sadfaced girls .who h&dL
been waiting to talk- with him about
the job, flung at them:
"There's po use waiting. I can see
you won't dio," said something in a,
low tone to the other man in the place,
asked me into the inner office, gallantly set a chair for me, dragged his
own big office chair nearer to mine,
lit a cigar, took a puff or two, and
said, 'T think you'll just about suit
me, little girl. I've beeu looking for
something, slick like you. I could see
you were a live wire the minute you
crossed the line."
All this time he was putting on the
180-pound goo-goo for all he waB
wqrth aud I was edging my chair
away from him as I asked:
"How much does the position pay?"
"Five dollars to begin with," he answered.
"I can't live on that," I said.
"No, of course not! Nobody expects
you to!" he said, and then he reached
over and took my hand. "A good-
looking girl like you doesn't have to
live on $5. Why, you might get as
much as $18 a week if we hit it off
together. That's what my former
stenographer got."
The man 'was so obnoxious, he was
so physically pressing, that I didn't
think I could stand another minute.
I wanted to slap his nasty face, not
so much for myself as for the younger
girls who had been there, and who
would go there jn answer to that advertisement and who wouldn't know
the breed as well as 1 do. -
.. iMy Irish temper was rising, -I inew
I'd hit him in another minute.
•Next I tried two, department stores,
"No vacancies!"- I tried the movie
liqus?^   "All"positions' filled."
At the. end of three days I had asked for work at every blessed thing 1
could do and lots of things I couldn't
do! And everywhere.I had been turned dowa. .   -
"Suppose," I said to myself, '.'l real-"
ly was a young girl, alone in thia city,
what iiyould I do? Would I, at the end
of-a long disheartening-search, have
the strength and the will to turn aside
from slothful promise of the occupation always open—always clamoring
for recruits?"
How should I turn frt>m the. call of
luxury in New York shops, the promise
of luxury in men's eyes? Aa V worker the city had rejected me; but would
it reject me as something else?
In my three days' Journey about the
city, I had received too many "winks
and leers, repelled to many Invitations In tbe form, "May I walk along
•with you, dearie?" "Come have a bite
of lunch," etc., to believe that for a
,9.1... Hp
Catarrh? fe^
It natal breathing   l^»~
impaired?   Doe*
your throat get
niukyor clogged?
Modern science proves
that these symptom* result from run-down health.
Snuffs and vapors are irritating and useless,
The oil-food in Scott's Emulsion
will enrich and enliven the blood,
aid nutrition and assist nature to
check the inflammation and
heal the sensitive membranes.
Shun AleohoBc mtxttaet
and ituUt upon SCOTTS.
wWllDll ■•'
pack hardware around,   but   because   they   were; PR-Heat   training,   might   get   them
afraid of'heinu attacked, thev carried arms for pro-itoa state of efficiency somewhat ap-
,    .. ....       ., .,'       .,  , ...     .! preaching that of tho Indispensable®.
lectio,,.    Whet, they saw the other man without It u raogt earnest|y w be hoped thu
arms they were ashamed of their own weakness j jg possible.
and soon began to travel without weapons.
Now, in spite of what mny be said to the con-
trary. what ia true of communities and individuals
is true of nations. Once let people realize that
there is uo occasion to arm and we shall he done
with war; onee let one nation see that the other is
not preparing, and we shall have to scrap the battle
ship, but continue to arm and you are inviting the
other fellow to do the same.
On this continent we have nearly four thousand
in ile* of boundary without a gun. HUT let either
, wide Klui-t arming, and we ahull have the whole
tivoly if weiian inject the patriotic (hw) «pirit int..|,||M. hrj»tling.   Tamil* and the United States, in
workers. jHfiite of the jingowts on both sides, is a lesson in
They do mil do this simply )im»u>e tlm bait lut«. ,h<> p,„.jfjst a,„, what ,,„„ bwifaceomplWiwl here
heretofore landed Ihe Mucker; unfortunately f.»rj„ml ,„. („M.01UI,,I!,,1P(1 j„ K,]rop„ ttr „nvw|,ere else,
them the workers have been fooled m often with j
mti'h trink* tlmt. while a few may be caught, with ™     ~~~ ~~ j
the iniTi'iise of knowledge the crop is growing less      Pnun thu brief notices made <»f it in the INvhk. .
and les,H. ther*" it'every reii^m to teiirnmc that the .Japanese;
S'H'i't'al iihiiiih.ii ago the play wan government nn-. government im not losing any opportunity tn play ,
oldie* in M»ve a num liemg endangered with n p".»i' her own game in China. This she ean do better!
him***, outlook in his old ag<- How do tJoiirn j now whiNl the Kuropean powers are xo busily en*,
ii.ertls obtain a large share of their rwvwnmf    \V» uiiifed with their own iMiihlf-f. »
know it is by taxing import*, then what ii cat a*
A deputation walled upon the Council with reference to military matters,
but as this was a question effecting
equipment, etc., the new»papers have
been politely requested to retrain from
comment by the military authorities.
No doubt we shall have the new
Council In possesion tor the next
meeting, and If tbey display at much
anxiety for information and reform as
Alderman Jackson, msy hope for some
Interesting meeting*.
Men who are not particularly
scsred about speaking thrtr mind
will always earn public respect before
the Individual who Imagines tbat th«
petty shynter method of "arranging"
bofore the meeting 1* necessary to
preserve popularity. Lets of the latter (im! more camlor will neeure a
•■tr*. nttanal government of th* city's
• ('••tlaanl tr*m f»«r Owtl
Kerr Xtttntlhugen, u go-flalist mem-
It is not at all unlikely that the United Htatesj J* «J J** * SS^*™
,     i .ii. * .i • e .        , ..       . '">* t.a.j»i»<i exi.eii purely for military
trophy wniikl h.ipp«ii if tlm noiiree of revenue wen-  „,ay W drawn into thi- r,»nti„vm.v its guardian of
knmked out if existence,
made up my mind that I would find,
out. Ami last Wednesday morning I
got up, fed the kiddies and kissed
them good-bye, marked what seemed
the likeliest "help wahted" advertisements ln the morning paper and set
out in search ot a Job.
The first thing I had a very unpleasant adventure.   It resulted from
District of Kobtensy
Take notice that W1LUAM 8CH-AD,
of Bull River, farmer. Intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing st a post planted at
tbe north-east corner of Lot Ons Hun-
dred and Seventeen (117), west 40
chains more or less to tbe north-west
corner of Lot 117; thence north 10
chains more or less tothe north-east
corner of L0U8S8; thence east two
chains more or less to a point on
west line of Ut 29-80, thence south to
south west corner of Lot WWW: thence
east to chains more or less to a post
ef Let 10278; thence south 10 chains
more or less to the place of com*
tnenrement containing 40 acres more
or loss.
Pedrasry 10th. 1918.
THE        M± A     2hTh^1864
Head Office, Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and connections throughout Oanada
The Home Bank was originally established as a -savings bank
sixty years ago, ahd it now does a very large volume of husk.
ness with thrifty depositors-
highest bank rates.
Full compound interest paid at
VIOTORIA AVE,, .;. .'.. FERNIE   Bi O.
and peaceful security ss well.
With a potloy in our oM Une
company, you can so ott on your
vacation or visit the ends of Ute
rartfa and you know you're secure.   The bett in
Is always cheap**. Md especially so wben It doew't «oet
blKher. Don't <W*y about that
renewal or about tbat extra Insurance you want but come rtgttt
tn nt iti*'* and hav« it stiended
Classified Ads.—Cent • Word
TO RR aotifl eHRAP—A nti»bi»r of
tables and kitchen chain. Apply,
Lodger Office.
, . . requirements and trended upon poll-
Neither ttiiiuitie* inirjtlie  'Hivi'l'mver-I.oiiii,"     An i* generally known, i U«a    The Oerman people, te said.
Iwyiiijf exeliwively in t'atuula will r««lit»v«» the w.»rk ; ttli«n China »tartit| tmt in h«<r new enr-eer, thempi-!^ *'««• to *n »*« ttnetn they do
freedom ol
precisely for
Mil* iiw w*mn WW ili.hl*ri«MM^
fit i» the remedy.     All km-ln «r niwkwn-* will »»•• ] wa* not |iles*inf!« tlw I'niUi! 8ta«i* and the Knr*»- j   r.„P>- ail«i j* prMt atat be allowed
*HlW*l«il. fllthoiifli wr iliitiht if » »iori» f«oli*h <>iuij ]mtu mm,y matriMtra. hew* the Chinene OortrnJio discus* a basis of peaee.
mult! lie wtv-MAtiti than thin Intent »tti»t of •' .Ma.lf j mi.„t vm compelled to allow oulaiile exploiters 1»|    ^P*1*  "•««••■. • progressive,
...j ...n ........... ...  .,....,,.   „    .„,    „  , u ii'-u i iitii.i m-tini'ii hiii hi hit urn innvi. imp f«|»i- < ■" -   ——-   — -»•  —»■"   -•
inn f\ttm from their ills^nothitiR *hort oftlio ««mi-j talht* of that eoimtry felt themwIvM «*»f>th!e of!"01 nm4 • f*B*°wh^
plrto eontrol «f industry .uul the •liiiiiimtion uf pm j fi,,,,,,,.},^ f|,„ varioiiii mw indwttrie*. thin, however, j J!*!!!!!!.Z.**^!^.
in Cntiniln."
«,nlvati.«' hut-fi- Mini* nl' nullify.
Manila Jmum -«i«.i",,",w,H"« llwt •tss^sit". wid that
tin in- tn her foreeral manner to emlenvor to dentin- j (^ m, vty wwM ^g M ltprt.
HO RBNT—Two Fumtshed Rooms;
reasonable.   Apply HO, Howland Ave.
cow; 5-y«ar-ol8; calved second calf
on l&th January Price MM, Apply
r M. Tbompsoa Co. Dlslrawrt, Alts.
trie light; en half lei  Apply. Xo. IT.
IJndsay Aveoee, Asset,
  non tutm cheap-two roo«h
»!♦• *t'lmist n* *h** li«-« nlnwily *Ioh* in K«»r«*, »t ia **♦ !#rta« *<t<t»tai-ito** mmU bt tooiltU, ptesfciw* 11 wit*, with aster -aai tAm*
  ji,* ,.*(({.,' ,f».*d the rtiSn«'*r   »!ffi«'fol*   will   rnskr   *;*•* It w«»M be costly   sswtst  to
We may ex|MH*f fr*»m nov. on t«t h«*ar tin* «ild* mjuawk nhout their inaliilily U* pnttect the imenMrtaj *•*■•• **» slsns sf t*§ sssttil-wss*
at-»ry "Oh, f l,.li«-v, in M.H'hiliMm. ».if hut !]*,( tl*.- inviiilori. wlnwipon Vmh Ham in hia e»j»- j [Jjj, ^JJJSJJJ* * **" *"" **"*'
lInnL I'll vnii* l.ttii-ral thn tiiiu- Ih.ium' I duu't;4H'ity of protei'ttir of Ihf |MM»r ami weak, will mxt* t iwmy- iHeiter n»«immended Iti"
wi4i in Uim* my x,*l,-'"   ti« AI li i-Klf.--t.d willli iin*  lum .hiuin    5li>anwhih> the pinm may In* looked j adoption at amtndneate retatteg te
.^ .    w- ......    *,.|.'*',**,.    .*>■*■-*    j..9lf     .«!*-    a..*      „.*t  * H *t*9tt * .     9t,4llt.£it'i*.i**9;it<i,    1*l.,*t*m I
.,* .., ..- , '..
POH H&VT-^lve-ltUMMMi Heose.
Apply, fly, Mliiton, iMgnr Officii,
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
Jt£ALt,t'Ju'mt tjLxrtAi *'t i t.i uki
f « l M.l
.M-tM.j   ■m.t.ma.**'*"!****'*  m*,»*o*' -"*■>•-> *«'   *—«  *•.*•*»«•"«*-»   -—■»•«.     ..^..^_   «__»   ■«»■-.    «    -...    _   »I 1
f   .       ,* . *   ■      ■ i--t^ '.tM,'vi-1 ^,- *>*,■ 1,11*11-» ,. ntnniM '    WVPW  INW   «Al,f:—-Ot*m*A1t*im*r '
 v "* <;,,l  " ,VUl  *"<*»" »» * »^"«" •"'«■■";.,«..   T*». sttendneste iscfsle t*t »-!h«ss» end half lot- TWltt and OtotMt] '•
affsettas   tie
i^tinvvf'S.   view t. iui -■ h ttm
Imt ,t*k any individual wh<. i,e» iivi-d in ltriii»li«'***• ,**i pnirtotitm.     Thrti. wh-rn ail »• pn^tprly ulaipwl: ^^j ^ umtinlmt ssalaet tlm we M
mulm (>*t 7su j,j*.**'i i.-JijufniimUir uiimi i*ii|<*n»»    ..1.4 Jin- iluwi- |ir*»|M*rli> InhI it wiliSI in- litticliiwl Mtitorttm Innoonom Is
ffM'iil* have lw#ni *ft*Hm\ in thnt npwi* f*1 tinw by. nnd thi- lutiir hwilwl for fiflrht Mtrwn th# I'nitml and   alao   prevtalonn
"*1.      „*.,■'.-*■                  1*                 .■ t'». *       1 "... • t > * «' » .„,..,»     t.i   ..      ■;-'■■
'  ■    •      *•».,,><.•• <t, . •    .«..*%■•■,..   »•*»*»»*    —..   .    '1*|*-*M     i.»*V»'*IW,»S     ».*    AWOMHbkt^,.       ■•»»     «>*|**lw,
tiiimlif-r nf *ttnliit-» ha*«* Item iirinl^l. we know.land (Tiitia •hnnlil make sn ofTesaivi* ami tMmm-ri    ?**!**      ^ ,.    -^.^m^  ^*.^
. ,        , .... ... .     .     .   .. .   ..  ., m'innm snaister nt iss mtetiof, ■wso
y*»l what ailv.iiiUtf.% hav* tin- mawwa«l*»riv«Nil thfi*-1alliance th#- market f«»r lh*f r.ttnrpron in that |i«rl of ] ^ ntM ^y, |# m~ ^ ^seu^ |im
from*     \W Miy nlativily tin ir .iiiiditioii U omrn* i !h«* world would l*e wriuusly affectfil. ami "hoimr'   ge**iwm*nt wmM le wtiltat i* wider
than it wnti 10 ywvra a«<»   Thin may %**m a hald) fiMtight In play it* nth in rutnprilirig a ili»»*lsratiMiih*k« s fstMsis af Us tsar, sadHHT It
nalriornl; il in nwthittf l«rt ,t rtttnnmnpfa** truth '.if xrnr     It tlm** Mw-Hwrf* «hi»wM ever hnrtrh iff** ****' *"• *** '•••'•••,   saaflf ^^
The rial thinfi that rmmt an* thn* Jivinir «wiilit»»n*  tantpa ign * * 3*l«rl«Nitt-tlM»-CMri4»itt * * what a fwirfiil r*m" j   ^ Klrt HelllftWIi sentta** «t «*•!——
I   ,1.-..,. ,.:., <*t....,-■■., '.A.i. v.!.-. . **-,, ....tl,. ,» S,.,t,,.,   -«.. t it.tit.H, ts..»i..i Ih- »»frtU'ili ttiiniiiv-t    i'it-    wiiilf-1 ;-aiwtfal tiiaewft asMI Se fcellwfl ^-*-'   *
P* m far a* *h«- did 10 yonr* ago?   I* thet* any j m.mry hno*    Th* jmm pt^*> "f Ihf Tniteil Htnl** | c««M eay tto s«l«mptiea te tie t
wnn whttw otngtH* t-rwlay fcav*' imrromJ. tlw **nm*-Ua wm *nmt*t rw-tA^tmll}' bmrAinM   ih*   ''hmtrf't*** **•• ***f w»^l'*^**<*Ww*
*fwtv«ittaKe' a* tlw <t.mt ot li«i»« ha*?   We atkm»w-1 Xavy " f»ft»j«tt »Uh«»iif h mt toi it i» «i|»fw»*MBy be-1 m*Ftel M* toibet* mom,
Ifiiff/' thrt* hn* bt<m n M tit mifff ■t-upmtp-A m^*o*m ot prskl,"     TM* 3* o»V * fmi-*t'%". "% '>* iht'l    ■     :: :':':' " •■ '    ■" •'"■"-':
Ci .k lll'.l...Ut    ,'*.[tlt-:l-^   v.il-i.LtutUUl'ULv.   I-UAti.tu.ji UU: Ul . kiVieullAaUUk:* fuk'  *.-tkU U *.i'l'> UmLk  k»i » t.*k *■»..■>.■».*. i»..„i .
has tmm affonled a Ira** army of pay mil artnt* him** -nrwnt-aatitlMi nr* tin om mmm **, rt^mti*- m\
»tiff the 'Mnl fiewefitn nhtsuMit f**»r Ui* m«*i *r*»|i»*ii*' ma> iawni:*.-.
Haftt.    IIS. Mse^ersss Aveaae.
|   fr
l»A«TC*MAWf5—-OetwrAvt tmt Km
day osty-imte of Mffe trade florri
t tke fettewiae sreaity te#K*wl nhrmr **
-mnrsiom* nn:  -cauoat hs-i
uanrrai.* n«; *»ntoso biudbu"!
tSJS; "XXX X.' U IS     ASfly. R
PICknirA'X.     'wrsrmil    rsctery
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jronlafs, Prop. L. A. Mills, Maaajrer
jP-I-VwF-^V^v   mm    W slwr W
na^wmU onrtmxn
-..   ■*m-.Mj9t*9*m.. J^^l^rg—gUlllttjIgl^gll*^ ^ jj
H: wom.ttt*  Ap
F rate Assett ■
^9^a *>m*|^||m|y&|^
w^ *^L^^t^^LmttKt
Special Until Basra tmA Room by tbe
7  / /
1 wmc«<^ir!!:i,i^^ IS?Sr'
* **mt; satuMe ts*
ii^m,  m ^m^m^^m
Si sss a ■■ - -    *-
■tT,mrm wgttWR
^mK®mMzmmiMM3»'*'w,w~'i.« t» * \)?9'/'.oiy-«usa« A
Age m»
District Camps
The mines were idle Saturday la3t,
, also on Wednesday.
The. anniversary of the patron Saint
■of Ireland was celebrated in the camp
by. the usual social dance. Bob
Schramm acted a floor manager, while
Messrs. Percy and Gaskell provided
the music.
A general meeting ot the Coal Creek
Conservative Association was held up
here on Friday evening before a large
attendance of followers. Officers for
the ensuing year were appoiuted aB
■follows: President, John Combe,
Vlce-iPrealdent Dave Martin; Secretary Treasurer, D. F. Markland, A
strong working committee was appointed with power to add to their
The proposed ambulance classes have
found favor in this camp and on Sunday
■evening a large crowd gathered at
/he Cluii Hall, whon the superintendent and others outlined the scheme.
As a result some thirty-nine persons
save tn their names as candidates.
Ueriiard Caufield was elected president, with John Combe as secretary.
H waB decided to meet on Monday
nnd Thursday of oach week, as examinations will take place some time in
May. Keen competition is anticipated among the members. AU desirous
of joining should give their name to
.lohn Combe, timekeeper's office. .
Acting upon the advice of the doctors, Mrs. Stoodley left for Spokane on
Tuesday,to consult a specialist and undergo an operation for her sight.
We have often heard of people trying to "square a circle," but some of
our foreign brothers seem to have
accomplished same.   *Nuf sed.
Born—.March 23rd to Mr. and iMrs.
Wm. Corlett, a daughter. All's well.
Church Notices
Methodist Church.—Sunday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school and Bible class;
7.30 p.m., Gospel service. All welcome.
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2.30,
Sunday school; 7.30, service by supply.
A hearty welcome to all.
The members of Sentinel Lodge No.
25, Knights of Pythias, are earnest)}'
requested to note that the meeting
place in future is Pisony's HaU on
the first and third Saturday's of each
month, at 8 o'clock.
The general meeting of Coleman
Football Club takes place on Sunday
in the Coleman Opera House, when
all the leather-chasers and those interested are expected to be present
The meeting is called for 7 o'clock.
J, Davidson left on Saturday evening's passenger for his home In Scotland.     His many friends were at the
depot wishing him bon voyage.
The Irish social in the Institutional
Church on Wednesday evening proved
a great success. Good music; good
singing and plenty to eat combining to
accomplish that ond.   .
All fishing enthusiasts are requested to attend a meeting in the Grand
Union Motel on .Tuesday, April 6th,
for the purpose of forming an association. As we have some individuals
here who are everlastingly reminiscencing about the whales they have
caught and lost (particularly the latter) lt is to *be hoped they will attend
the meeting with , one purpose—that
of performing the business before the
A headline in a newspaper stated
the other day that the motor sales of
the Ford Co. discredited the hard
times plea used by the majority these
days. This may or may not be true,
but one thing we are Bure of, and that
is very, very few of the working plugs
are to be seen around here "Honk-
honking" or stirring up the dust or
snow. Most of their time is occupied
in finding a meal ticket or' a job.
arranged a special program for the
John Hill, of North Lethbridge, a
volunteer jn the mounted infantry
statipned at Cardston, underwent an
operation for appendicitis in the Cains-
ton Hospital, but failed to riily, and
c icl. His body was brought co Lo h-
bridge and bijried with military ion-
ors on Monday,. March 22nd.
♦ ♦
THESE are times when
every dollar of British Columbians  is   needed   in  British
When you huy foreign-made shoes a very large
percentage of the amount you  pay  leaves  tho
Tovmce- pernrairenny;
—thu best tho market affords—is made in British
Columbia hy British Columbians. When, you
buy LECKIE S HO ES every penny of your dollar remains right here at home. Remember
"Built for Wear, Style and Comfort"
ffl* ^t,ul^° Hre <mM* to discover
\lr real merit and gotxlucm In
■I the brewing of Pernie Beer,
the host materials, the best methods,
the lieut experience have been used
regardless of cost to ns. The result
has been an unquestionable "better"
beer, and the people have found
that Pernie Beer tastes better and
is more refreshing and wholesome,
and they made it their favorite
-brand. "W<*JWf*t,, fjtmWtjr 1« the ren!
test of goodness. Polks come back
for more FKRNIK BEER.
Miss 12. Charlton and Mr. P. McCul-
lock, of Pincher City, were joined in
the bonds of matrimony last week.
The ceremony was held at the English
Church, with the Coleman pastor officiating. A large number of friends
were present, and after the ceremony
they were entertained at the home of
the bride. The Hillcrest band was in
attendance and helped to enliven the
affair. The couple left on the following day to spend their honeymoon in
the States.
D. Harris has returned home from
the hospital.
The mines hero are working about
half time.
A splendid bhll was held on Wednesday last, and the verdict of the
crowd was "great."
We are pleased to announce that a
certain resident has. after securing
the service-si of an expert mine sur-
spot for his chicken-coop and the result Is that the roost will be erected,
ami tho individual In question will
no longer suffer from insomnia.
Secretary iMoStlgler was a visitor
to Calgary last week on Important
The mine worked four days last
Jim Sommerville got severely crush-
ml In the lower part of his body while
followfhg hts occupation as driver In
the mine.
Practically nil ofthe workers here
nre members of this Local, but there
Is one bad case that teems Incurable,
viz,, that of a holstman who has work*
ed hore for ahout a year for union
wages but absolutely refuses to contribute a cent towards the upkeep of
any -union It ts -queer how long it
takee some slaves to got wise: or Is lt
purely meanness?
Quite a number of Georgetown dan-
cer* took in the Rebekah dance al
t'finmore on the night of tbe 17th. A
lolly tine time wns had.
Some of the Canmore hoys have
h-en boasting aibout their ability as
footballers. Georgetown would like
to try them out soon.
The mine Ib working one day per
week, while on rare occasions we make
two. Many men have got disgusted
with Coalhurst lately and pulled out
for ever—they say, but we hope to
see some of them come around again,
Mrs, Ben Carter sold her furniture
this week and left to join her husband
on the coast.
James Lindsay is making preparations to leave ais. Most of his personal
property ha.s been bought b>' J. Bain-
Harsu-M! Mills and family bft Coal-
hiv.st for .Sprlnghlll, Nova Scilla, on
Monday, iMr. Mills will probably return after the sugar season is over.
Mrs. James Walker and (Mrs. OiHara,
with tlieir families, left for Twin City
to join their hus-bands, who have secured suitable and steady jobs.
Agustus Newbury and family left for
Port Huron last week. Gus had a
bead on a street car job down there.
The company started the sanitation
work last week.- Somebody was heard
saying, "Aibout time"; and others are
asking, "What about irrigation?"
■Mr. Robert Brown, master mechanic, left for his home in Kngland. News
of sickness in his family was responsible for liis hurried departure.
We are pleased to report that Daniel
Quigley Is getting around nicely and
will bo just as good as ever In the very
near future.
Charlie Phillips, official dog tax collector, Is busy just now collecting
money and giving out now tags. Ho
says   next   month   the   shooting   will
"siarrr —
Jack -.Macrae, a real old-timer, got
disgUBtotl wltli^onditlotis and lias left
for the Bast.
Ralph Chambers started to work on
an oil woll on Monday.
Tommy Taylor wns selling out last
week. Ut* is going to Kentucky to relatives.
Mr. Percival, sr., left Coalhurst for
somo pl:tcc moro lively. The picture
hall has been dosed indefinitely.
A social club was organized some
time ago with James Hill ns chairman
and Bon Hltchen as socretary. Some
very ploaf-mnt evenings have
By Carl Sandburp
(We bave no apology to make for
publishing the following; we do so
eiren at the risk of having hurled at1
our Inoffensive head the accusation
that name is "inspired." The worker
elects his own officers, Just the sumo,
as he elects hts political represents-
lives, and it Is not altogether Illogical
~ha*in* regard to our present sy*
t*nm—that after a few months he
should tire of them end even accuse
them cf netlwtlng bit* Interests. Thl*
Is the mildest accusation: and should.
he no further and accuse them of dlsial once ,tt Oelobar, w&e0 >'r- Welborn
the special aim of destroying the -reputation of decent labor men—how shall
the labor movement handle this form
o. human snake, and how meet the
poison scattered by this,subtle tongue
hired specifically for Its subtlety?
The paid liar who makes it his job
to authorize publication and distribution of printed figures and printed
statements which indicate through Indisputable black and white items of
dollars and cents that certain labor
officials are taking enormous graft
money and rolling in luxury' on cash
practically stolen from the working
class—'what shall be done about this
modern paid Har?
The figures collected by Ivy L. Lee,
as publicity manager tor the Rockefeller family and the Colorado Fuel
and Iron Company, and published by
him in the pamphlet called "The
Truth 'About Colorado/' are the most
distinct, fragrant Instance of the dirty
work of the modern paid liar to be
found anywhere since the appearance
of the modern press agent.
It was dirty work. It was coarse
It was cheap. It was despe-utr}'./
"o:U una overplayed. It was d- w
li.- tlio running:, slimy brain of a Tinning, silmy charlatan whose trickery
had ;iever before been detected by
k?eu opponents and challenged by
fighters who go through to a finish.
There are different kinds of paid
liars. Some we enjoy. The liars
who write of department store bargains and shape up advertisements
wherein rotten Bhoddy is described as
a soiled product—this liar we permit
within limits. The press agent of the
political candidate who tells us that
the candidate has the honesty of Lincoln and the efficiency of Napoleon—
this paid liar, too, we understand.
Also the circus poster man who invites us to come see a "mammoth,
cyclopean carnival of marvels"—this
paid liar warms our hearts.
Hut the paid liar who goes cooly
to the job of painting murderers of
women and children as white possessors of all the crystal virtues of almost perfect men—what of this paid
And the paid liar who deliberately
-thronS*®—into u pi int*ed~rei;ui u™figure5"
tliat lie and words that He, nnd so
lying spread false suspicions and
rclse false doubts and breed false
questions about decent, honest, above-
average human characters like Frank
J. Hayes and ^lother Jones — what
form shall the reprisal of the labor
movement take on this modern char-
icter assassin?
Ivy -L. Lee testified before the Industrial Relations Commission that
It wbb a "mistake" for him to print
tlio statement that Frank J. Hayes
got $90 a day or $112,000 a year as pay
and that Mother Jones got $42 a day.
During three months' time, from October 1 until January 1, he admitted
he knew this "mistake" was being circulated and was not being corrected.
Day after day during these three
months he got up tn the morning, ate
three good meals a day and went to
bod at night, and all the time he knew
he waa being paid $1,000 a month by
Old Mnn Rockefeller because ho was
circulating a He. It wap his job as a
paid liar to see that the one, bold,
pointed and effective falsehood In his
pamphlet. "The Truth About Colorado," got the widest possible circulation,
Ills explanation? Ills excuse? Hit
apology? Said Ivy L. Lee: "I think
the correction should have been made
hired gunman and slugger. His sense
of right and wrong is a worse force in
organized society than that of the murderers who shot women and burned
babies at Ludlow.—N. Y. Call.
-Sunday. March 28.—11 a.m., month-
ly address to children; come and bring
the little ones. 7.30 p.m.. Rev. C. A.
'Myers, of Toronto, will give an illustrated lecture on "Building Boyhood."
Violin solo, "Souvenir" (Franz Drdla).
will be rendered by T. Hautzlnger.
2,30 p.m., Sunday school. Monday 7.45
p.m., Thoughtful workers. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m., prayer meeting. Thursday, 8 p.m. choir practice. You are
cordially invited to these services. W.
J. MacQuarrie, minister.
■Mrs. Linn, Newgate, #• C—1 cap,
I pair wristlets.
-.Miss V. Thompson, Negate, B.C.—
I pair wristlets.   .
Miss L. MacNeill—1 pair sock«,
iMrs. Duthie—2 pair soc^s.
Thoughtful Workers of Kuox Church
—41 bandages.
The* Ladles Guild of Christ Church
will hold a delicatessen sale and sale
of children's clothes and aprons in the
basement of the Church on Saturday,
April 3rd, at 3.30 p.m. *
Since the beginning of the present
great war the Canadian Red Cross
Society lias oorne its share nobly in
the work of relief for the wounded
and distressed. Up to the present
nearly 200 branches of the Society
have been formed, from which are being sent every day hundreds of packages of comforts for the Bick and
wounded soldiers. The Canadian So-
ciety has also provided twelve fully
equipped motor ambulances, seven
hospitals for the Canadian contingent
and one travelling neld kitchen.
Though a great deal has been done
the need for more help is still urgent,
especially now when so many of our
own men are at the front.
The following donations have been
Mrs. Paton—1 pair sockB'.
■Mrs. Tully—1 pair socks.
Mrs. Charlesworth, Newgate, B.C.—
:i pair wristlets.
Miss N. C, Scott, Newgate, B. C—
2 pair wristlets..	
Good Health
will b* b-st priwrvnl bj
a lit-fore-breakfast glut o(
Eno's "Fruit Sale," which
contaiim tht valuable
eiffliriiti of rip* fruit in
plcimatit, «gr«"j|ilc form.
Act* is » tonic on tie
liver. Ynpt tl,e blood
cool,   clear,   h*ahhv.
a** :•■■■
'Mrs. A. H. Roberts, Xewgate, B. C.
—1 pair wristlets.
We would respectffully call
attention to our out-of-town
correspondents that th£? mall
their communications ao as
to reach us on Wedfl'fcsd-ay
morning, as the train Wrvice
having been cut down to one
train daily."1 mail which heretofore bas reached us e*fly on
Thursday morning, nov»' Is not
d-elivered before nooa, a*vd Inthe event of being behind time
reaches us too late to *M>pear
in (he Issue for which 1* Is intended.
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation  In  the  Pass	
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
il. A. OALLAN, Prop.
The mines ben worfctd one toy last
week and then ia ao Indication tliat
conditions an Improving.
The mlnen' hall tt undergoing •
tkorouah spring sinning, j. ft San*
ner haa charge of the work.
Jamta Hint, of •tafraf-dvllla, is
open to meet alf eomen at donrtnos.
We nam to announce the death
of Mrs lohn Sabsch. of ftaffordUHe,
* bo wna rmnnUf eotntittt 09m in
ibo Halt Hospital Tbt tnm io n
partteatarty aad mt, nisi etriMrea
ber. tbm fniwmt, whteh took place
«» mnrtny hot, waa attended by
mme three fcrndr*** efttttwa
honesty, this again Is not remarkable
—If we will consider for a moment
that he may lw assisted In his belief
by the Impudent lies of
iWm. tbm iHit#i utriveft (o atir tip
jealouay «nd strife among the workers
tnd he knows the tatters* iteaknesws
sufficiently well to use the position
and salary of the union official as a
meant of excising suspicion and distention In the ranks. Did he dlwayn
confine himself to the trath little damage would he done, hut he does not,
Rnspldon, eary and Jealousy an not
peculiar to tbe mlneworker alone, and j
when to these are added the lies nf
(president of tbo Colorado Fuel and j
Iron company) called my attention to J
It.   I thought it would be done.   Vei1
the master'' Wft" on,J *c,ln* ,n »n advisory cap-
1 at ',ty to Mr. W'tl-iotu.,   I vtia'.il huxilj ,
undertake to direct his actions," [
Onttlde of thi* etplanattntt. I*y I. ■
Lee has not one worl throwing light j
on why he kept on day after day for
Ohm* menths jetting more and j-^ore]
thousands of copies of a printed Ijf, a •
falsehood, set down In black and white ]
figures, Into th* hands of people ofj
power all over the I'nited Htate*. *
ICxiK'tly tbU same eaplanatlon oould
bt* made by any one of the gunmen '
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellsr to *arret and at h»t.
Mm pricea.  Call, write, phone or wire,   AH orders *if«ti
prompt attention,
if you an aatlafled, tell otliers.   If net satlafied, tell UK
"nnloii saieherf" then we nr* eoasH-' *IM* ,Hm* who ****** *ni bwrB"' thm
1*4 to find an eiease for the worker\*em*n *** ******* <* ,^te* **»**
If. in the Witsrni-ss caused t»* • re*]***1 APr" Anyone of the murderers
view of hie own i»elU*». he falls to I •*• ln0* >»n »» «** •-««»»»» masaaere
do innUte to bis ©metal*.   The f«|.}w*w   "V   ""' mn,% Ut* •W"'*
Be Good to Yourself.
Ask For It
Mnrtt******  *t*n %*!*  -btifie* %r  ;i
rwifi thia nirnnm |
Joe Dowou. lee Credito »<J Jakai
llHeetto, hare gwae oa n mp to ihe I
otd country t Italy i fer tine months |
fl**  T ■t,**h*h*t*nu  a*t.r9.*  *-■■■*   *   •»*
Ihelr' tlm a*a4vemry «*ar»rt mt
St PMrtdrs bay hi tbt Later ree>|
pte. Klsfcteeaof tfcwTattrlttM were.
la ttteafe-Mw aad n wont preen*!
was snrsnred for tit pnrym*. fl»!
taflovtag aitfetet took part: Meal
M«n«. m. Madman, Mr. !»*«*, Mr.i
i»s*i«**y, Mr, Mwts, Mr, mn mt**
mm, <Mr, .larkaea, Ifr* Cmopet. Mr. <' "
TarreaL Mr. O Kat awutai' at tb*
ttooo. !*• tmmn button n» ml
afcawt tl m'etefk, **nrybmtf tlnfMgfc'[
ly satisfied. |
The loAbbtUm Mtw-m- m*A fc*si
•et tie* a*» at ta* itt-ptwwm Tftfitn*
tawlag stwy, howenr. ahiwM threw (***»»»< "»* ****« «»* *"»» ' r»»*
some stroaa liaht ntm tb* wietiwrfe «!t*»*» **n l0 ,!o » ^b ,h*> *mUi m
■certain Iniltldusls. and may be made! u* do M* V*** ** w •to"
« «W>1j »e*r home.! I   Wwwtitnaftt liiiwierMl;, wl» l-wols-*. the1
tyke IiI-wmI *t**9tetma win* ***t%t***. n»*' ahall of Loals Tikas. atriker. with the
I ftl«e •»si#w»nti n*»r th# rfMietrr wittit*"11 •* * rM^' •*|J »• W'1** l*mi*
I ^__        j ■* tOnn. nnn ni xamax t*n« «ai>uMk***u«Mi uuti
wf» ha mwd fa rnUnt* tbo tmillnn ut
li •**&    fit
jayf-ais tin sal— At week
' | there was a deep penoaai resentm**!
Mm W,»: Iwart *ipi5»«t Tii***     tl« tty,
j I, lite testifies he didn't know Prank
|, JI«H-!i or VolJn r J*tuM»*, »u I -ksd uf\t-
u-amt-m %m*m «i tnm tiaw be prtntiMt tn*
|; «!fic:«^i»»rt tto* pltan-H to dMtrey
!?hi*lr nsefsfneas.
[!    The fsameti who shot and killed
,fl«t€aihjil under attorn trom higher
Imp «wt4 fsnieb the mm* ntyAnm-
•<"«♦•   t*   tttxt  mi<fi»  br   Try   t.mi        %
|»t«r»r hired from the uatferwa*fi
l"> s:s r:i tmx-h th.- fie. -J H-mi J.
if Uie*. ttm-»rml4*ni #f sImm lett*-i
II Mire tttm*ib*r*   nt    Amett.rm,   waaW
bave tt**e tiebitott -fneh Itny** mmtm
fmrt;.. ia % sn«t epertesMifiitfe* m*w*
,Otf, !%*» llm Of In t*+ fn tb* *mb
11* * fxt'^f t*ir try'ir rt v***ni}- tbt* r>'
i pttaik)**: the HarOlrt el t'ttnt H»y*#*.
*'*lth H * f*tl»-* xn*n     T'rtt '■■* 'u« the
pamt tm* aiitortmi l**tt to-
Ity I* U* It brim tt»# 1ma**l t£ th#
Company . «m« Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods. Crockery and Everything In Shoes
We have ju*t put into *toek it ApUititlid
U.SMIIl'fllHMll.    Ill'
Prints, Ginghams, Plain &
Fancy Crepes
puiott moM i5c ran yard
»ttmts «ri» nil choice gcwwlsi nntl tlio iwwmt il^tgns
We ««ffl?CJ*t )'i»ii pun hav tlitiKt; gtmtU nou vv ||..,» t,ne
luiwirtiiifiit»« complett«.
Don't forget this ts headquarters for the best
in shoes. Sole «£f nt* tot] f nvlrttts, Re^al Hnd
K make fine shoes.—See our specials in Poys
strong, neat school shoes.
Phone 25        Blairmore, Alta.
Tho Storo That SAVIS You Mofi«y - - -       '       s. t'*> - * *V- >. T- .-x
•ut. i VN
THE DISTRICT J^QJ^$j$®^ %.C, MABOg 27,1915
What a Miner Can Do Tp
Prevent Explosions of
Gas and
Last Week
By George S. Rice
-Lessening   the
of   Coal
If coal dust were confined to the
rooms or face9 there would be little
danger of coal dust explosions spreading, but tbe dust is distributed through
the mine in several ways.
Oust is produced along the haulage
roads through pieces of coal falling
from the car "topping," as already
mentioned, a fault that can be partly
cured by not building the coal higher
tban the sides of the car.
Also, tbe fine coal and dust sift
through the cracks in the car body and
around the gate. The remedy is in the
hands of the mine officials. The be3t
plan, but one difficult to adopt except
in new mines, is to use tight steel-
plate cars with one end gates, which
must be overturned iu a cradle dump.
This kind of car ls almost universally
used In Kuropeai. mines.
Furthermore, dus-t is blown eff the
tops of t:Rrs by the ventilating current.
The only way this cin be prevented Is
by automatic sprinklers, placed by the
operator at different places, to wash
the dust off the load on its journey to
the shaft or the drift mouth.
Preventing the Ignition of. Coal Dust.
The use of long-flame explosives,
like black powder or dynamite, is the
most frequent cause of coal dust being
ignited in a mine. The danger from
such explosives is vastly increased
by shooting the coal off the solid.
The remedies, most of which are in
the hands of the miner, are as follows:
1. Undercut or shear the coal.
2. Never drill a hole deeper than
the iiBdercutting.
tl. Don't try to break down the coal
with one or two shots, when three or
four shots would bc safer. j
•i.   .Veltht:;-   oveivh.ii'go - no   uiider-
trifle more than with black powder,
tht. difference in coBt is cheap Insurance against being killed or crippled
by an explosion. Meet the operator
halfway if he wants you to use iho
permissible explosi/e, and u.-gii him
to I'UroduttJ it if it has not been tried
in yum' mine.
8. Finally, in a mine where' the
shot firing is done by special shot fir-
ers after the miners have left the
mine, never prepare a shot that you
would be unwilling to fire yourself.
Consider, before doing it, that it may
cause a man's death. These are
strong words, but it must be remembered that during the past few years
scores of shot flrers in the mines of
tne interior coal tields have met death
from shots so prepared as to be terribly dangerous.
Apart from its being dangerous, the
practice of using excessive charges of
powder does not pay. In one Western
State last year the average cost ot
powder for each miner per working
day was 68 cents, yet the average output of coal per man was only 4.6 tons,
making tlie cost of explosives 14 cents
per ton of coal mined.
The ignition of a pocket of fire damp
is the second most Important cause of
Ignition of coal dust.
A third but infrequent cause Is the
Ignition of a dust cloud by an electric
arc, such as may come from the
grounding of af trolley wire a'fter a
wreck. The remedy is to treat the
i-cMl dusr along the passage-way to
make it inert. This remedy brings us
to the consideration of the methods of,
treating coal dust, for wliich the mine
management is responsible, but the
miner for his own safety should watch
-.villi care to see that the result is to
■nake the mine safe.
Methods of Making Coal Dust Harmless.
Coal dust can not entirely be gotten
-many consists .of a series of troughs
hung in a vertical, open frame, which
is hinged.llke a. door so that it can be
swung lo make; room for passing cars.
The advance. wavei\ of an explosion
closes the dQOf, _ tjphe closing of the
door tip's- over" tW taught and discharges a sticky fluid which wets the
wall and floor and extinguishes the
flame. The fyajne-s are y|u%lly. arranged in pairs, e-%cli frame.swinging
in a directl6nt opposite to th^' other,
so that an explosion from either direction may be Arrested,
. Wet peat placed along each side of
the passageway has been tested; ia the
German gailejr'.near Dortmund with
favorable results;
At the experimental mine of the Bureau of -Mines/the rock-dust barriers
developed" lh France were found to be
effective, hut the velocity of the ventilating current'is usually much higher
in America than in French mines and
"caaTg-e- yoc—siiiji.—i-vnie-mijcr-
ten, shots nro o,-nrsharged. 'oni-
nately, not evc.-y ,ilowr,-out or overcharged sho*. causes n cust explopJsn
perhaps not one in ten thousand, but
don't take this one chance. Your
own iife and the lives of your fellow
workers are too valuable.
Don't use for stemming either coal
or small coal which Ik pulverized to
dust by the shot. Such material
greatly increases the chance,of an explosion, and even if lt does not cause
one, If the shot blows out. it will incroaso the length or the flame SO to
too feet.
it. Use clay, or something equally
good, for stemming. If the operator
does not furnish suitable stemming
material, you can usually get lt from
the underclny or bottom; If not, It is
your duty to ask the operator to have
some clay brought Into the mine to a
point where you can readily get It.
?.   Use a permissible explosive for
every shot In a coal mino lt will not
start a dust or gss explosion If tt ts
need according to directions, and It is
efficient tf the coat Is undercut or properly shf-ared. Bven If the cost ta
you of breaking down a ton of coal
with the permissible explosive is a
■/■ffHhod, but it can be treated so that
it will not be dangerous. The chief
methods by which it can be efficiently
tn-nted are, as follows: .
1. Hy humidifying the ventilating
current with steam jets.
2. Hy  waterlhg or washing down
lis, roof timbers, and floor with
a hose.
;t, liy using tank cars that forcibly
spray not only floor but walls and
the roof.
4.   By spraying with a solution of
calcium chloride, and also spreading
granulated calcium chloride.
The adoption of these .methods is
under the control of the mine management, but every miner has .the right
to ob-serve whether the "result makes
n safe mine In which to work, and if
the watering ls deficient he should ao
report to the foreman.
The final test of any of the methods
In a mine In which the coal dust la
not so mixed or covered with rock
dust as to be harmless ls whether the
coal dust In every entry Is so wet that
It can not be blown by one's breath
Into the air. and when gathered and
iirnssed In the hand remains stuck together' In a lump.
it has been given government approval
and has been widely adopted.    iTests
in ihe (Bureau of Alines experimental
mine have shown the method to be ef- j
fectlve  and   particularly  adapted   for;
use In naturally dry mines where it is j
difficult to water the coal dast effici-j
ently. ,
As already stated, ground shale dust
aud limestone have proved effect Ivein
the experimental mine, even with so
inflammable a dust as that of the Pittsburg coal. When the mixed dust contains 60 per cent, of limestone dust or
of ground'shale free from combustible
mutter, the coal dust is not ignited by
a blown-out shot, and 70 per cent, of
rock dust insures against the -propagation of an initial. explosion of pure
coal dust. The advantage of using
rock dust instead of water is that lit
needs less frequent renewal. Watering in dry mines should be done every
day, whereas rock cftisting, if thoroughly done, should keep -the entries in
safe condition for several months.
As with the methods previously described, the use of supplementary safeguards, such as -barriers, restB with"
the mine management, but every miner and underground employe should
understand what these devices are and
.how they work, so that he may appreciate that they are for his protection
The purpose of the barriers is-.to discharge a lai-se quantity of rock uust or
water, which will cool and put oct the
flame of the explosion. As has been
stated, when tbe flame of an explosion Is put out, the violence rapidly
Types of Barriers
The first type of barriers developed
jtmii ltnQgn ita '.'jgatar nni-talim."
These were practically automatic
sprinklers and were tested in mild explosions with favorable results in the
Hossits gallery, Austria. Other kinds
of water barriers nre being tested
abroad and In this country; the more
promising ones are mentioned here.
The first rock-dust barriers were developed by J. Taffanel at the testing
station ln France. They consisted of
croBS shelves loaded with rock dust or
fine ashes. Subsequently, at that
station, two types of water barriers
were developed. The first type consists of small tanks, placed across the
roadway at tho roof so as to be overturned by the air wave that precedes
the flame of an explosion. The water
tn this barrier may be discharged too
soon to be of use If the flame is much
behind the flrat pressure wave, and a
later type ot harrier has a large, ■hallow tank from which the explosion
wave causes the water to fall in a
s'.icct during a considerable length of
time. If the explosion wave Is very
violent all the water In the tank Is immediately discharged, Thia device
has proved effective in a number of
tents In France.
A device that haa been tested In der-
The mixing or covering of coal with
rock dust or other noninflamnra-ble
dust is a comparatively new method
of preventing or arresting explosions
and has been little used in this country, but in Great Britain and France  the dust ls liable to be blown off the
shelves. Further, in mines where
watering methods are used, .the rock
dust, or ashes, becomes wet, so that it
is not thrown by the explosion wave
!nto the air as a cloud and has little
value for quenching an , explosion.
Hence the bureau engineers have developed Inclosed rock-dust barriers in
which the rock dust ls protected and
yet ts easily thrown into the air by
the wave that precedes an explosion.
Five types have been developed; all
ef which, except the rock-dust protected overcast, hae heen tested tn explosions, and in their latest forms have
proved effective in stopping explosions.
Besides, the overcast barriers, the other kinds are as follows:
Rook-dust protected ventilating door,
ltock-dust protected stopping, for use
in crosscuts. '
Box barrier, consisting of 6 or more
boxes, each containing about 700 lbs.
of rock dust.—Coal and Coke Operator.
There are several ways, of getting
into a trench; sometimes a soldier can
us.i approach trenches that stretch a
lorg way back; soinV-imes. hi* can
come up 1#' them under the shelter of
a. woo^(,\or ^henther-a is neither,of
thesei-we^mtjcdi "prote rtloa '? he can
crawl along the dltch.is bordering the
fceldn behind them. .
: V IU is, a. case of, advauc\Dg tip. the
trenches under fire It is, often well ,($
do so over the open ground at wide
iiibrvaik is short rushes.
One man to a yard is the rule. -Here
and "there a man is told.off to keep, a
io-pk-iitt" toward the ejiem^^^iio^ltil
as little of himself as possible, for the
German sharpshooters will shoot even
the foresight off yonr rifle if you leave
It lying on the -parapet. Otherwise the
order most frequently heard In the
trenches is "Keep down," for It Is very
tedious, huddled into a ditch only four
and a half feet" deep, and the temptation th get.up and stretch is great-
"The safest place at'this war is' in
the firing line," said a soldier who
came back on leave. "It is getting
into the'trenches or leaving them that
men get hit; once Inside you're pretty
Fjoi] it brought up onto a day to
the nearest convenient place behind
the lines, a farm or a shelter specially
rigged up. Two men from each section are told off or volunteer to go
back and get the supply; it usually
is a mixture of bash'and beans and
potatoes, in a tin, and when it is warmed up it nm-keg an Irish stew that
sends, a warmth down to numbed to»>'
and frozen fingers. Tbe*p!.tiiejf$ are
biscuits—irtJt'vcry popular^-aiid bread
and tea, and a jigger of rum to, be' taken at night..   j. ,\. j.,,.*.,-,-- ' ■
eight hours spent in. the trenches is
varied by a German attach. An odd
sight, as-the men" jfho".' hayei\ been
through It B^y, those; d«jnift lines coming oh, falling, waterintr hVeaklng.
closing iip again,',, lying down- at*, the
word of command, rising oh their
knees tb let off aN ragged Volley; tben
down again, another advance6, only to
he stopped at last toy ihe absolute certainty of death tor every man if,the attack is not recalled, Th? British Maxims rattle Uke an office full of typewriters, the men fIra till the. y^od-cas
Ing of their rifle* la hot to the band.
■However close -the waive of foero-en
struggles It does not worry Uie British soldier now. The new principle
Is twenty-five yards of clear ground In
front of his trench, and then, with
one rifle to every yard, the British believe they can beat off any possible
attack that can he delivered. That is
the new principle. In fact, the English army, has ceased to canj much
ahout having a big field of fire ln front
of Its trenches.
owes ao much that it is impossible to
procure gold to pajr it.. How about It?
, It is sometimes said that 'the United
Stat-as owes not only its federal debt,
,but a^Bo the aWjfca and;bo'-^Uj **& •»-
- vestments made "Sbroad, Ak-£ nation
it owes only the public dobt. (Interest
on this must he jpajd "ty goto, and there
is enough' goia ■--» Jay it, pt^d^gold
Seeps coming fta-ctc* to' if?* ;.*6reas«ry.
tiut the people-of' this oonattT (hot
t|e natign^;^^e2^oWigit.
np for payment.of interest and,-dividends on industrial stocks aod bonds
hehi hy forelgiers. ,,
American goods, suc^CM W-h-esi and
The Capitalist
FIELD.     *■
Dead and Dying Men, Bursting Shell's
and Muddy Trenches, Barbed Wire
Entanglements, Deserted Farms,
'Desolation and Devastation — and
Soldiers, Thousands of Them, Everywhere.
We usually hear so much of the woes, carefully concealed from the public ln
Written for The Sunday Call by H.
Phillips, Calis, France
of the proletariat that most of us are
apt to forget or overlook the fact that
the exploiters and would-be exploiters
have physical troubles of their own,
and many of hem. They are not very
often played up for public sympathy,
to be sure, perhaps for the reason that
it isn't quite so easy now to make the
poor forget their own miseries in contemplation of the mental unhappineas
of the rich, who in tne old-time novels
were usually of the most useless ;mra-
sltic type. Sturdy old Samuel Johnson, the dictionary maker, contemptuously scouted this psychological swindle when he declared that he was more
interested in the, woes of a washerwoman toiling over her tub to support
her seven children than he was in the
grief of the high-born Lady Tavistock,
stretched on her luxurious sofa, "dying
■From Loudon to the Land of No
Xames Is but a step, as distances go
in the United States. But to the recruit in Kitchener's army it is the trip
orriifefMi:     r [of a'broKeiTEeaftT'
Between Waterloo Station, the firing ]    But now lt lB generally known ttot
line in the north of France, there is vast numbers of people who'aB yet are
deference  to ' the general  capitalist
theory of "superior brains," ,,
But the prematurely-old manl nnd
his tribe is swiftly increasing In all
classes of society, ls the very best
evidence that mankind has not yet
learned how to live normally. The
pursuit of the elusive dollar, whether
ah profit or wages/ Increasingly follows the road that leads to premature
old age, mental decline and death,
though to the majority it still appears
the only path to the security of life.
A ' revolt against it, however, can
only come effectively from the proletariat. , It will be impossible to convince the others that it does not suit
them, eve j :f tt prematurely slays
them. But the social chroniclers of
the future will, in reciting the passing
of capitalism, undoubtedly give more
jja|d<5 between wha-tiS -9g fit, -Shrod and
wfiat Is 'brouiht Wo f MS ihe ??&&
countries, and the balaiR* la paid la
gold that is sent fiver by AW,, ft will
thus'.be seen tbat.mu<5b of tiie dividends are paid in A!meti6&a\jj^b. -Indeed. U Is the amtiiilb»ji^^tBjrican
exporters to send out mo^ jjopdi—-reaL
vaiues^-ttan they reeWire ttict, so
that there may be a baJ»« of gold
due capitalists bf Ame'rwa;. Unless
.they can do thU the pririfoflnaiMlal
system is likely'to go to smash.
The stock exchanges were closed for
months, and payment of -tiebt-e were
suspended when the war came in order
to enable capitalists of tbli country-
to gist .out from under! - it happens,
that If products are sent cutis excess of products received, Amtiricaus.
are the losere, ln actual values, But
it must work this way in order to «ave
the masters of money. T^j therefore, scheme to gpt farm, products aa
cheaply as possible In order that they
may- through these proahtta w»arei
their European debts by selling there
at a higher .price., The farmer, In the
final analysts, is the man who is chiefly under tribute to the profit takers
of Europe.—Apgeal to Reason,
:;f Am*rf rnv, *,
■-A, ^ fffi}) V'"" -:: ' " j"/ /',;
Sunkist Orange
With the Different Flavor
Atk for "Sunkitt Valenciat"
Th* Velmi* Sua*
kWth the California
Bummer Orwgt—a
»w*tt, faicy, luscious
trait* riptntd m tkt tm.
Easy to peel, and practically
iLflfff. fWW ltjWl^M,"l* ff* mrtattm    bw
itH or* b Atop tt& IniMfi mhI «p«i*«
ftnf wfth httUhfiil Jwlrt
IV     Orange* art piektd itt CtMoroia every
"   day in the year, and tlw Lata Valencia ia
MM*, tti MM,  »W»J|   UUWti «-»«*  (|kW#lW
Glore-pkked, tltwe-wrapptd, ablpped right
from tha tree-yon gat it tmk with tha raal
trtt-ripentd //ovor.
Don't buy meiely "oranges."   Boy the
California Fruit
Sunkitt Valendaa.    Sea what yitx
miailng in not getting thia brand.
Try These Lemon*, Too
Ut* 8onkiat Lemon* to aero with fish
andmeata, Uaathojakawberereryounow
um vinegar. Theae at a tha beat Imkiogoad
th* htt lemon* cold. Joicy, fully flavored
and practically aeadleaa. There'* a vaat
dittetetxw to uiftefeoi tNatM^e ui muvoo.
ity "btuthmt" moi ***.
Doaounil Kogtrs atiftr n
Exchange for Wrappers
Oo buy a doaen each of SunW«t orange*
and Lemon* and aatrt tht wrapper*
hearing the 8onki*t trademark. Than
tend in the coupon below and find
out bowto awhange tha wrap*
pert lor beautiful Rugate      ^T fttHQtAttAt*
Silverware    ^^b KxcIimmni
clearly an intricate journey to be performed. And from Southampton on-
wmds it is a curiously anonymous
journey. Yet the khakl-clad passengers who set out for that vague place,
"the front," have no doubts at all
about the certainty of their final arrival.
A line of cliffs, a big breakwater .
with a close-built town behind it;
that Is the French seaport which
In this,Land of No Names Is
known as Coast Base No.——. It
Is the funnel through which Brit*
Ish troops are poured Into the
fighting line. /
The sensation, of novelty that ordinarily belongs to a first landing in a
foreign country is heavily discounted
In France Just now* there are ao
many English officials on the quay
that It might he supposed that the
Uiul of No Namos had temporarily
liecomo a British colony.
And so, kit on back, rifle tn hand;
hnvorsack ftnd buyonet on left hip,
water-bottle bn the tight, Kitchener'!
soldier bumps down the narrow gangway and steps on to the soil of France.
Active service haa begun,
It Is not n very inspiriting country
that you pas* through. The great open
spaces of a French landscape, unbroken by hedge or fence, with their eternal lines of naked willows, have a
bare, bedraggled look on a wet winder's day. hut It is a "fine" country to
hmurder in, and that is the business at
An* ss the train, draws near ths
snd of the line, perhaps during th*
•lisnes ef • step, there eome* out
ef the distance a faint* deep, *wl>
len "WoofI*    Vou hardly notlct
the sound at first. A moment later
incomes again, "Woofi" IIM a
short, husky cough, and then th*
Ids* suddenly dawn* slmost with
surprise, M0unst"
Thf rrsl thing at last!
From rail terminal yoa march up
toward the tranche*     Leaf, straight
roads, lined with a double row bt tra**.
thn column must keep wail to IU own
•Id*, for the other Is filled with supply
wavons going op *nd down, ssotor-
omnibuses and touring   ears   whoss
popularly regarded as useful members
of society—the "business man" type,
in shortt-grow old and senile -Tnd mentally decayed long before thiy have
Passed what Is' usually considered as
middle life. Pressure of business is
the demon that takes toll ot tnese
martyrs, though they get little sympathy on the whole, and, perhaps fo
better -able to do without It than the
unfortunate and credulous worxcrs.
Doctor Louis Welcmiller, the physical director of tho West Side Young
Men's .Christian Association, remaik-
Ing on the yast number of prematurely aged business men In New York,
declares that "more than 2,000 mtn
have been given physical examinations
at this association during tha last
year. Many of them were men of
40—and some lest—and they had all
the symptons of old age nnd physical
The doctor's statement, interesting
as It ls, would ba more so it we could
get any estimate of how many of tbess
assumed business men were really Independent exploiters. Probably only
a small proportion. Any Avenge observer can readily 4l»cern that the
habitues of Young Men's ChrbtUn Associations and similar resorts In our
large cities are mostly salaried employes, who are usually, thanks to a
loose phraseology, enumerated ss
smong the "business" element. Thoy
would probably be somewhat affronted by any otber designation, and to
dob them "wage slaves." when they
know they are really holding "positions," would be the extreme of insult
But thst there aro among them many
who are desperately trying to keep a
foothold ss "Independents" and "run
their own business" goes without saying. The strain breaks thtm all down
alike: the independent exploltor aud
tbe salaried persons who ara holding
positions under hlaf, protending they
ar* business men, and being generally
accepted a* each,
Upon th* snecess of tk* eiploltire
process tbelr positions depend, end
thsy know It, ol course. They aro net
worried about their Jobs.    Not at sll.
Trr6TOnence_lo"_tBF"view" tirat'U"wis
socially inhuman, murderous and insane than that it satisfied. all except
a rebellious proletariat—N. Y. Gall.
The question ls asked: Is the United States paylrg Interest on what it
owes England in wheat and produce
from this country, and is Uncle Sam
obliged to do this? I have „\Uays in-
derstood that interest had to "be paid
In gold, and that tbe United States
-.Made of the highest quality
" ^tacmoney cartepTOiied™
to infinite smoothness, and
tben  perfumed with, tbe
genuine "ooasoN" perfumes.
/g> ,   UtalOrchM
LsOrSO/lS lemnoiir
Dm'I buy dmipj taferic* tato,
■ti>nt*4. ah** by MtiMrwr
CMIOrS you caa ffMJhiW
•oviriiom. iwmniM utntntttsaorro ^
Who is Your
* \-
Nothing so vulgar as that.   Thsy are
which rear month*   ago | simply *«ntkarras*a4 hy ftaaactat tot-
..., ..„„** „„, ..„*,-, *?„»,i «n f* -t*<*w **■*. Ifttomtw, wfikih Is a mr moro eonven-
U mm nemmntntnA mnt «? thnn-1 Menalljr poltt* eomvtelat   to   suffer ||
sands of mtlea of w*d. A tmm.    Many of this type ot peopt*
Two or throe offUers havs gon* oaf help to *wa»l th* talelda list* of oar
head to arrange billets,    a whlte-iUiM cliles.
trashed freneh farm, with Mg,wit.   Aaamaturoffaet,wbtt8lna•*,•,whleh
it most marderoas ia its results, takia
tell m prepowiowstely the asm* nam-
ber both tnm active capitalists, would-
be capitalists, etptolter*, schemers,
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
for your
%t*n/ii**t9* iiMifif »%#« n Arr. rtwtmr
barn. Plenty of clean straw U> sleep
Neat morning then I* kit and rlfl*
intpectloft. aad perhaps a lecture by
thn eogNMiiitng oftktr oa the •hiigs
to ba romsmbe«d to tl* troaebss, to
wbleh the hattalloa If golaf natt atsht
tha""iH*a ileep dttUt a»st ef tb* Uy*
salaried position boldsra and wortrtar-
ssea. NetlatbesaaisWay.ofeoar**.
Th* body of th* annually esftoMei
victim prsmatursty wears away
it*n ffcrttam fisZI for only whsa It fat* d*rk eaa ibejlenr houslttii, uimmbpUiiummiv mi new
wk* are
work of rellevtag tte
row la th* itoodbm h*gH-
It ts a weird eapertaase. that «arrh
oat frem the fanabeMe Into the ntgbt
ttienee aad n* wwhlng the ealy
thing tn oeeapy Mm attaaMe* la tha
vttW neshe* ead l**d rnpottn totntt Ua **d e*ra*l* dsrteg t»sjr dasnartw
*tlch th* batuilon I* «areh H-       \trnn, hat these tacts  w*r* alwaw
petleMl tinnom, wbll* It is the bmlss
ot tba scbMaa** aad tbetr satelllts*
that usually gtr*eat flrat An umh
tot ot fact, wtttyAt oor wttt- potent
esptsias af fadattry have gssie eel ef
Om otuU *mkts<I vUk lead* dsmen
If you want really high
class printiqg-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your nest order
The District Ledger
Fernie, B.C,
Phone 48a
li \
■ 'I-
Se*     U 6'
--*?* ..*)*," ,Atr.t9r-^,. «.*<~*.-» .-
We :haye a fine sel-
' ection of—
And Go-Carts
at reasonable prices
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE    -     B.C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
A. Macnell
8. Banwell
Barristers,  Solicitors,  Notaries,  Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
• *
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
.Fernie, "B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beet Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's breakfast.
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 66 Wood Street
A. M. Simmons and Morris
- . :. :•■■»  vi!
ult Discuss the War
M. Simons.
Well-known Socialists Give Interesting
-   Observations on This Trying
Let's   Be. Square
We Are Ready to Scratch
if/ you' bill' any item of lumber not
n<ind just as we represented.  Then
K uo hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you vnxt spruce we-do not
ifiiit you hemlock. When you buy
•» rut-class lumber we don't slip in a
nt of culls, Those wbo buy once from
ii* always,come again.     Those who
It is time we quit lying to ourselves
on the war question, It is time we
took a stand that means 'something.
We must quit hunting excuses- and
manufacturing alibis!
Let us admit that the Socialists of
the world sinned deeply in making
terms with the demon of war. Let us
own up that they made a terrible, Irretrievable, history-wrecking mistake
when they so easily,gave way before
the murderous flood that has ,engulfed
almost one-half the human race.
When we'have done this we will be
on tbe way to the right road. When
we have done this, however, it will ot
little good to climb upon a mount of
self-righteousness and read lectures to
the Comrades of Europe. They ire
expiating their sins in a sea of blood.
If we must -suffer with them, we first
sinned with them in diluting our protest against the worship of Mars, end
today lt is our task to attend to our
own sins.
I want a straightforward declaration on this war question that will differentiate Socialists from the Army
and Navy -League and the Steel Trust.
The basis of that declaration must
be opposition to all armament here
and now. Any other position ls flat
The next platform must provide a
ItasiB for international solidarity of
labor—not of capital governments.
Another must liiy the foundation for
tho victory of the International of
labor. This must insist that control of
man-killing devices be kept out of the
hands of the enemies of labor. The
only way to do thle is to abolish such
devices. There is no way that labor
can control them until labor rifles
nations, and then we will not waat
them. » /
moves thatrplace. Instruments of murder in the hands,of the ruling class,
and no means have been devised by
which they can he placed anywhere
else while class rule continues, then
we can go1 with clean hands to the
workers of other nations and urge an
International fight.
We can then seize the terrible opportunity which the war has created,
and which will climax at its -close, to
press for universal disarmament. Unless at least the Socialists show their
good faith by this stand the people of
other nations will rightly classify us
with the sham peace protagonist whose
efforts served only to conceal the
workings of the war makers who conducted their trade behind the smooth
protestations of palavers of peace.
'ire taking chances they wouldn't en
Let'* Be Calm
By .Morris Hlllqult
I have read and reread Comra'le
Simons' eloquent appeal and havo
•wAtie an honest effort to unde-'utan i
It. I hate .war and 1 like Simons. 1
should dearly love to unite with the
latter ln opposition to the former. But
on what? What program of action
does Comrade Simons propose?
"The basis of a srtaightforward Socialist declaration must be opposition
to all armament here and now," he
asserts. These are manly sentiments.
But will Comrade Simons tell us how
the Socialists of the Unljed States can
make good the emphatic declaration?
"There is no way that labor can
control man-killing devices until labor
rules the nations," he justly observes.
But if labor ln Its present state of
strength and enlightenment cannot
control these devices, how can It abolish them or.prevent their production
and use by the ruling classes?
"The next plnnk must provide a
basis for international solidarity of labor—not of capitalist governments,"
Again, will Comrade Simons be good
enough to Inform us just what concrete plan he has In mind other than
the international union of the political
forever, and is not even worth resurrecting. A "movement that can collapse so suddenly and completely must
be organically wrong. It will not do
to ascribe the alleged breakdown to
the sin" of "diluting our protests
against the worship of Mars." The international Socialist protest against
militarism was as strong as human
language could make it: "Not one
drop of a German soldier's hlood shall
be sacrificed to the lust of power of
the Austrian rulers and the imperialistic profit-interests' was the emphatic
declaration of the German Socialists
made one week before they went to
war; the -French Socialists had long
ln advance adopted a solemn resolution to answer any declaration of war
on the part of their government by a
general strike; the French Syndicalists
were pledged to instantaneous Insurrection In case of war—they surely had
not "diluted their protest against the
worship of Mars." Yet the war engulfed them all alike, Socialists ajid
Syndicalists, without stopping to examine the language of their resolutions
or programs. Strong resolutions do
not make strong moyements, and conditions nre mightier than programs.
Does a Marxian Socialist bave to be
reminded of that kindergarten truth?
The Socialists Have not sinned
against the world. They have done
all in their power to save the world
anil save themselves. The world, the
world of capitalism and murder, has
slimed ngalnst the Socialists and sinned against Itself.
The Socialists of Europe, even those
fighting in the trenches, are today as
good Socialists at heart as their Comrades in the United States. After the
war they will reuulte. Capitalism will
reunite them, if nothing else will. And
they will resume the same struggle
with practically the same methods,
except that their propaganda will be
more effective, and their struggles
more Intense for the lessons of the
war, and when thej- will have the power to stop wars, they will stop them.
It is in times like these, times of
trial nnd crisis, that hysteria is most
dangerous. The best service the Socialists or America can render to their
unfortunate Comrades In Europe just
now is to preserve a calm judgment
nnd cool heads.—X. Y. Call.
ing the next six months, it is estimated that 44 Vi million bushels will be required, thus leaving on February 8,
1915, in addition to the,usual small
quantity of imports, a balance of 35%
million bushels for export and reserve. From .February 8 to (March 2,
36,370. bushels of wheat and flour expressed as wheat, were imported, and
ti,741,!)90 bushels were exported. The
inquiry took no account of quantities
of wheat flour in the hands of wholesale and retail vendors in towns and
villages throughout Canada, nor of
quantities of wheat in local grist, mills.
These quantities, although relatively
small in individual cases, amount to
a considerable aggregate, tending to
show that the estimate of 80 million
bushels is not excessive.
Directory'of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Hall. *
Noble Grand,, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. McNicholas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
ni., in K. P. Hall.
Xoble   Grand—A.   Biggs .
H. Sec—Sister Price
and economic organizations of labor
The heart of the whole matter is | as they exist before the war?
the question of disarmament, and here j   Tho difficulty with Comrade Simons
is we will clash with the promoters ] seems to be thai his just Indignation
of war. against the monstrous war runs away
Ou the question of International al-
troaee-treatiesr^'Tbi'-'-KK.^-hee"^^ ~ He-
{counter If they bought theiir lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber. Lath, 8hlngles, Sash nnn
Ooors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Dstall Word
Opposite O. N. Depot P.O. Box 24
Phono 23,
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
j Dry Goods. Groceries. Boot* and
>        Shoes, Cents' Furnlsblna*
trntlon, "international police forces,"
and all similar stuff, Hobson, CarnefilK
Roosevelt, Gawlner, Tart and WINan,
will' all unite—some because they
know the foolish futility of these
things and some became th-sy do not
know It.
. All these will ugree that wi want no
"militarism."     All will explain   thai
with his usual well-balanced judgment
obviously confounds two different conceptions, our ultimate aim nnd our immediate working program.
In the long run nothing short of the
OTTAWA. March 13.—A press bulletin issued today by tho Census and
Statistics Office gives the results of
a special Inquiry for the .purpose of
ascertaining the stocks of wheat in
Oiinada on February 8. l!)1,*i.    Thn In.
uulry, carried our by direction of the
Hon. Sir (ieorge Kostor, -Minister of
Trade aud Commerce, ami conducted
by thc Census and Statistics Office in
„   . ,, . ..      . [conjunction  with  the  Department ol
Socialist commonwealth   will   satisfy ■ Trat,0 am, comemrcc. and the Hoard
in.     We expect to demolish lhe caul. of CSra,n commissioners, was effects
tnllst system of production, root and
branch, and when tho time is ripe for
It we shall hnvo to accomplish the task
only nn armament for "adequate do* j all- uttjne fur the simple reason that
-,   ' .        i
Bar «»|*|ilted with the twit -Wlnea
Liquors wid CIk'U*
How's This?
Wt ntf.tr tl*,* U,iu»lv«-,1 tMWmt ft*'*-**-! ti* *KJ
***** *t vatim ifeft t-tnuut bt rami b; flail •
t'aitrm l"w*. -
V, 1. CUtNKY * CO., Tolulu, o
W», the miming, butt
tS^mti omn'SS^ In *n betf-SMii tr
**i tminHtllr tit* t»rttri <«t nny *SSt*tion*
Vi*. ibe Mdmlnp!, butt   Xttmw*
I. tat itm Ilia, IS ww,, **4 bul
tlitl'i Ciurri. Car* I* taken IMnnwltr, ntlMt
*lr**1l, *** $* Jw|_g*i mm »ftj~ ?»
Tin iwi't rteftr W» fir wastlvstiia.
SXXUtttS? "8* T* 3wE
Ftrnie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goads i Spteitty
fen so" ls required. That was nil Kngland, Germany. France or Unsaid h'id.
"Hut If tbls nation Is illiv-Mie-l. how
wll< it defend Its democruh instl.it-
tions and higher civilisation ng-ituft
backward races?" Is the phonographic
qnury propounded with everv involution of tho armament fa :tory leord,
which seems to have somehow go lir.o
-ho heads of somo Socialists.
Well, look at the trenches of Bel-
glum. France and Poland and seo how
t.rmiint'iit Is defending "German kill-
ture" and English and French "democ-
rni-y" nt this minute.
do b:ick n little further and watch
how Militarism crushed all that was
best lu German "kuttur"  and  mnde
nr It  a   mechanical  debased    thing
vbere   tho   Prussian   drill   sergeant
could kick the scientist Into fhe gutter.    Note how this same militarism
had strangled <lemocracy In the wid-
j est stretches of Bnifflsh ststw'rsft and
|it;p'.omncy. and how ll had a hideous
! blot on tlie^faco of artistic France.
|   If >ou are too far from neutrality
I to comprehend thew* fart*   now,   go
bark and read some Gorman. PriMich
|.<tvt V.v$'M\ .ftpcMl't ,,.'',r,:.-i  *■'*' .-.'•.'..
months ago.
The ipawn of the Armam-pnt Tr«*i
did these things In time of peace before It finally sent aelentlstti, demo-
\ftnin nntl nrtl.'n Into on* iwy heap
snd hurled civilisation Itself back a
Hiring an army to guard civilisation Is like hiring woItph to watch
Against what shall guns. *hlp« snd
none but Soclnllsu will join In thc
effort, Rut In the meantime we strive
tiif partial relief from thn evils ol
cnpltallpin, nnd such ri'llof wp can
only secure with the aid of non-Social-
tats. Our "Imeindlate program" Is a
statement of tueiisiirpg which we hope
to sec ri,'nllzt>(l while we are still in the
minority, nml cnii«e(jiii'ntly wn must
rely for Its adoption on the co-opera
tion of some forces outside of our owe
rsjnks. whether such co-operation
comos ''voluntarily from the ranks ot
bourgeois reformers or be forced from
rutiictaiit standpatters through pnbllr
Hontlment created by us.
And similarly wiih our imtSwai
prosram. \V«> know that capltalltw
inevltSMy 'muw» wars among nations
We t,now that Socialism will abolish
them. With tin- disappearance of in
t'-rnatlonal ei|iltnllst lompctltlon and
the establishment of the world-Mi"-*
tInn nf Hoobllut republics, there will
Ins t:o pause for war and no reason for
prei'imiUon u*r war, Compiet-H «11«
armament will naturally follow.
Hut even under eajiltnllim therm may
ln» a i>.irtl.il relief from the nlghsintrr
<■" '.r,'!!t\r',Ai-,,. l'i.?i.»l.'-i uivuttnni* i«4>
be adopted which will act ns rb<*<k'
nn iVt* frequmev, «»ttent ani !»-tei««»t;*
of warfare. Hueh present-day jteste
niea«ui«s at* of rerenslty in lb* tun
iui<» ot purth' <«• williatlvc remedies;
treatlet for reiturtlon of armaments
arbitration of dUputet, international
ponris. abolition of .term diplomacy
abolition of»!,! tiding arm!**, and "aimt
lar -NiMff." mnl iliiise menmit* run >*
*!li!»ied tcM*t»v enly fhrwtgh tb«» ef-
hy means of schedules addressed to
elevator, flour mill and railway com-
l»nnfori and to crop-reporting correspondents for the estimation of quantities In farmers' hands. Compilation
of the returns received shown that the
nmoiini of wheat, nnd or wheat tho
pqulviilriil of flour, in Canada on February s last, was 7ft.l.t0,.V»:t hu«hi>ls.
or If allowance be innile for :i nni:tli
proportion of non-replies nn iigvreniile
'ii ro'iiul riKurrn of K0 million buglcln.
The tn'iil of 7!t.l.H!,:Wl liiislii'la in (IU-
trlbute-l as follows: Terminal elevators ■.,,«53.lJ:!» bushels, railway elevator* l.ai.l.tWS butttielH other elevator".
•?*.77«',8*t« bushels, flour mills ,«.l«o.-
810 bushels. In transit by rail I2,s*l.-
Hit, busheln, and in farmers' linml*
Sli.r.'il.diH) bushels. The retult of the
Inquiry uliown that tho qiiiiiillty nl
wheat 1» Canada should be nnntly nut-
ftrient to meet all requirement* in--
ween now and the next harvest., Fo •
seeding this spring nnd for food dur-
For the first few inciMhs the ba!'e
Fhould do ;ittlu but sleep and eat. It
shou'd not bi tossed aboit, kissed ar.d
tickled, nor should It be hawked about,
visiting; its feeding hours should be
regular, and between times let it alone.
Tho persecution these litltle ones
suffer at the hands of silly relatives
a'nd family friends is really pitiful.
Leave the babies alone and let them
The death rate In the first thrcu
years of child life is greatest, and after that every added year increases Its
The most frequent cause ot infant
mortality is improper feeding, and Impure milk; the stomach of the- new
born babe ls a very small, and a very
delicate affair, but it Is through the
action of this small and delicate organ
all growth comes, and the food which
Nature has prepared for the babe's
stomach ls the mother's mllk.
The wise mother will insist upon
nursing her child not. only for the
child's sake, but also for her own, The
mother-fed child is the one that escapes a hundred dangers ,to which
the bottle-fed babe is exposed; follow
Nature and It ls well for mother and
lor child. Nature loves her own, and
It is when we stray from her that infant mortality beglu.i.
The mother must lie well fed if she
would feed her child; make no mistake <
about this. Today we have so manyj
food fads, and eat so many things thai i
havo really no food value, that often \
tho mother's mllli Is deficient in cer-1
t'i In essential elements necessary fori
the child's growth.
Thlrk of all tht- elements required, j
bone, muscle, energy, nerve {we can". I
live today  without nerve)  the heart,
lungs, in fact all the thoracic viscera
Hi the abdominal viscera, tuTskin, the
brain—all must be fed and kept Rrow-i
ing; and the mother must through ,Uib j
food she takes provide for herself and j
her child. j
It Is nut Mfflnilt to understand that i
a most generous diet is required t.i
meet these demands. Kvery food sniff
should be a part of the mother's dally
rations from the time of conception
until the child Is weaned.
There Is no bettor resting placo for
n child thnn in n roomy carriage on
Iho verandah sheltered from tho winds,
nr In the smith room of the house,
well ventilated, warm in the winter
Meet ai Alello's Hall sec-
ond and third Mondays In
each month.
John.M, Woods, Secretary.
Fernie. Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
(i.iu. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combs.
K of S„ 1). J. Black.
M. of V., Jas. Maddlaoa.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. li, Newnham.
Secretary. G. Moses.
U0 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
:.i, .ucuia .11 ilie li. I'. Hall
»-.(.-(;iu .in.l s'jur.h Friday of
vhi-h iiili:'l1i at S p. m.
...i .■; J. ItltOOKS. W. M.
Vi. Ui-Al, Secretary.
•Terrace Lodge I'M. Meet
at the K. p. Hall first and
;liir,l Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
J. SK1LLIXG, Itec. Sec.
The difference between Conservative prosperity and Liberal prosperity
is the difference between lhe temperature of the frying pan and the fire.
Thpse who claim that the race will
revert to barbarism nave only to look
ai Kuroiic foi- confirmation of tlieir
ei%*»*m-m*m ,^-fe.^w
MRS, A. SAICH,  of
j Cannington, Manor, Saslt.,
| Writes:—"My brother suffered severely from eczema.
The sores were very exten*
sive, and burned like coals
into his flesh. ZanvBuk took
out all the fire, and quickly
gave bim ease. Within three
! weeks of commencing with
j Zam-Bulc treatment, every
I sore hsd been cured."
This ii but ohe of the many
letters we are constantly receiving
from people who hive proved the
helling powers of 2sm»Buk. For
eciema, piles, toret, burnt, cuti
and all skin troubles there ii
j nothing like thii wonderful balm.
I No ikia diieue should bs considered incurable until Zun*b»k
bat beca tried.
JtyeM Swkfffufe*.
O'llcVy *')
l.i i   Hi:*'.*,
,i \s\\\\
Ki\ll(irt dufend Wie tieople of Ameririit f«rii> nf fleel-elM* end HO-it-flnelaiUti
Kinet> this wsr begin I bntn heard whatever 'he mnl lm of tbt tetter m»>
•*« of the most prominent men In thflN*, and hn«< *• r they may differ frun
"itmilat fiatiy answer this question, j mn.
tint* strode tip »»rt dnwn s room sad;    A frfi-i'*.   m-,'-  eonnlntt'tiWy nrjfc
List of Locals District 18
HUM tse. and P. O AiMrwee
mmmoA. f. whsau«r, BsBiusd. JUt*,
■Mfar Ort*.. .1. Umtbren. Bmtnt Cronb. vl* Ptacher Alto.
I....•••>•..•••••Jssssg Ootbn, Bbs M, Dsllsws, Alts.
.......-.-.,.,Wot. Archer, SlalnMre, Attn
T f.  11,999,,,  r*;-.., ,..„   ■,*,,
Csrtosdalt. J. WlteheH. CerboadaK CoImm*. Mt*.
OiaMWrs. MlrhMl Wnnoo. CSmmots. Alts.
CdwMMui................ Jl. JohMMMk ColessMv Alt-s-
oofWs...•••.••,.....•• R. Osrwtt, Coebis, B.C. *
CMMOk Mints......... P. Swanston. Chlsooh Hiasa, Coainierr*. Alt.
ntthi««•■.«*«..»»•»..».iiios. Uplntt, PSfw^ B. C
-uijiu.jaf|!jiiii J«h<ttt«*-M| that before he wonU m tier-
niTy rnnheit hi» wcmM shoulder a
\ nm nntl light until* death. The other
- |.iriini,»il a, tnM« Ux 1'M.p* »n b» mumw*
led hi* willingness to fight lo tbe Ism
, amn «iaia»t nn tnr*sioa of Um "d——
■frs-sh, .,
* * * t t n *
mme mmmo
.. Kv*n MorgM. Vmxb. AMa.
..Mae* ittgVr. Hmemt. Alia
. H Peacock, ties SI, Lethbrlde*, AHa
..frw* mrntitmi. ctmmm ttm.
. .T. u. IfarrtM. rnmAmrt. AMa.
Tm\ mi^^gj^*^^
a vt* nwimi
,.A. rooorm
.Mmi Hwrter, tloiirtttoprn, QUtMrt. HIA
...J's* Aewtbmt. Merdegv rin ttomj Mmntnln
House. Albtrta.
,%. m,-fi *?*..   .*,
all presM-it'-dJt;)   i'itl iwl!t*r) actlvltl** *
Ji«t sn he nn) Ki'POfe 0'ir   pnuticar
or  Immediate   jirogram. lint I cannot ■
wi* linw ,'Mty ot* '-'00 tftj»i,"t lltl 1/mV.iii ,
«Nl'"W'.ir mt»«»f.* and sit »««»n*»rt mt*
I Uie pftre torn* o«tifd« Of tlie Hmetnl t
, i'i,,.,... *u,vu u« ****** MiMdiuu iu,.».. tM«*iriH«uv. m»n m xnm nmmm **re*Uii
, Ihiiik sss impend!**, 'fe «Usy spprw-1H »i*' cm a« tinp»ttstt nnli-ntllitary :
'»#«i»l»»i ml « jfomtMr frttsl* wot f kti'«!'f "%*<:*■ **?rd now* ,
j h*mefi to ssy Ihst both atr« well past j   f*ersr«iltj I believe that Is t* aaoad'
j mlTltsry age. l Sfi,?»l!*t willey *•» e»pha*tii# tb* «lil- -
,    in* Max mmmtao iftat   mm   tmum * mm* it-acton** rrwNiy »gs«wt ult wurr
»re ver In> sarw of trnmlmm wiih "Kng-1 without omAtrtini ssy temporary »»*
land rfomlsatien of llw act"  The mr-1 wHlal rwll#f m»>»*«r*
j end hsd not the slightest dMbt that     I do km ***<ftntt that the ftorfatfst* nf
nnl«s« tiennsn militarism''wss crash lib* world •lnn>*>! deepl>  la makl»s
*A tb* Pattud >Rmn "woald fba wwa-lterm with tlie ttmoo tt tmt," not
^n*H*4 to nm to tb* ttfab to trmrA'ym nM re-y'y rn "rum uy rhv ttin$'
igalaat Otnasn aggiasshwn, . Imtde s Mwribie. ImMrltfSbl**. Mstoft--.
itj**h tAtteriy -tippm* iffMfmitmcnt   i.Treftftm mi-:.i*.'. ^Jicu tUci -m, u^..,
..ima the olber invnA* "oA"f Imt* wny b*-tmr* '<b* mmtiotem ttemtt
'!>   tr ** tmtm ooi <od«* sad play tlw | that ht» 't*-ff»tf<Hl ntmem buff tt tbm-
ttmnntt em this -s***tloa tar tbo s*b»|bw*M*M« rer*"
.nt-MAm aad poiwlnr aapatal tba* w*|   If tbe Ajmojom iaetoHns tw tbo bet* t
"4***r*o"fm ao* mt 5W*aMy mttl *»^lW«*wsff  -tnmtliflm tnm bttomfttM}^
wont w>* 4***rte '*ttf*nmb*A tn lb* flr*t fffsif f**t m-f 't
; ' tlwn.iAmAt-bnt sadiMimiioa tkto|lMtrsy«d <b* tnfb which tliey ttn*t
j>f»h!t*1 potnl tfut'we will oppe** *tlft»r:ife»«»*l for move't'hsn halt a »*#ft*iry
tprwpstaUsa   far   aa*sa   mnr**t.   e® | tbm ttm ««ciaji« int«n«stKm^.i u i#, ll
VOUR «x>d h«hh it m*
1 wwd by the timely uie
erf thb weU-knowfi household
rttnedy, which for over 40
ywi» iim helped to make
both men and women healthier, happier and more useful
members of society.
Thal»*sf istko WviWitr, WH.*»
tNsis hot* in gacd MratUnf order
tlw Wood is pure, tlw imtmtmAtm-
Mf *t a hearty ippMe, a ipod
Attmnm. i<iUvu.,.ih Atop, a clear
ni om otm o *ttm*.*ty -MMQf.
SpiricBiifft Rofrethfaur. Purifying.
sl»«n» *» wiinmW »**»iww^ii n«*-»*»M.»-.".- ■. *:i   \",*^*^mMi
Ene'l "fm Sab." ttW ««wly ooi botmtMy opm 4 Umt. k
ntmybottkmmohmmmhmm^w^ ptAitt mitty. aad its
efforts nm unrformfx bateftcisL Eao's never eataws mMg at
w«im*^ 1^ frntlr *aistt nsturt wdhout JUpteotmo Am spirts
WlMeanw na vfealiw.
^m* w* ^^^mmmt  mwwmt   w ■wv^w w m
Orlw s battle TO-DAY Imi yvm deal*.
ICENOf LlA,TtiA&rVorkt, LotKion, EiifUnd
•r^p*" i* T-Sfl
Dry Goods Department
Never before have we shown a bigger and prettier range of these
goods. The values are exceptionally good and the designs are exclusive.
45 Inch Curtain Nets
These are extra strong and are double thread-   A big selection of
effective designs to choose from.
Special for Saturday 25c. per yard
'' New Curtain Scrims
Comes in a soft even weave and have pretty colored border effects.
The colors are absolutely fast.
Saturday Special 25c. per yard
Ladies' Umbrellas
We have just received a big assortment of umbrellas.^    The frames
are exceptionally strong and the covers extra good value,     The handles come in a big range of exclusive designs.
Prices from $1.00 to $1000
On Saturday we will sell 200
Hats selected from our colored and
black, soft and stiff, Felt Hats at
This includes some of our new
Spring blocks in the new shades.
See our Big Window
Belts 25c
This is a chance of a lifetime.
Specials in Ladies9
Suits and Dresses
Ladies' Spring Suits, plain and fancy
styles, in all the leading cloths, garbardine,
serge and wool poplin; colors, navy black,
Russian green, Belgium   blue   and  sand.
Some of these dressy Suits are trimmed
with buttons and braid, in the new miii-'
tary style.     The skirt comes in the new \^
circular effect wibh yoke.  Sizes, 34 to 44
Price $13.50 to $37.50
On Saturday we will sell men's solid
leather Belts in all sizes and colors worth up to 75c. each-   At 25c.
I We are placing on sale for Saturday and
Monday all our leather goods, including bill-
books, purses, coin trays, money belts, card
cases, bill folders, etc., at a Discount of 25 per
cent off the marked prices.   BUY NOW
Try our self-opener with best grade cover,
double springs; worth $1.50.
Saturday's Price T.. $1.00
(.*ur new stock of Men's Coatless Suspender*
has arrived. Buy now and bc sure of getting the
liest quality -web.    We «arry both 2 and 4 point..
Prices '...-. 25c. 35c. and 50c.
See ub for Made-to-Measure Clothing. We
guarantee perfect fit, ask for no deposit, and
represents the best makes in Canada.
We have a full new line of silk and cloth •
dresses. Here is an exclusive stock to
choose from- The silk come in fine, soft
messaline and crepe de chine, just the
dress for afternoon affairs. They come,
in all thc leading shades, sand,' Belgium
blue battleship gray, black and rose. Sizes
1 6to,42.
Price from $1500 to $27.50
The cloth dresses come in serge and gabardine.    Some are made in
the Tommy Atkins style and others are trimmed with military braid
and buttons.    Sizes, 16 to 44. ■-,.      	
Price ."7777 A.TT7TAr.A777^7TT7TT^WWWW:m
Extremely dressy erepe de chine, silk tind Georgette crepe blouses
Trimmed with shadow lace and fancy braid trimmings.   Shown in
peach, Russian green, maize, flesh, bla«k and white.    Sizes 34 to 44-
Price $8.50 to $8.50
Saturday Specials
Spencer's Sweet Pea Seeds, per oz "...    .25
Simmer's Assorted Garden Seeds, 7 pkg ,.  " .25
Family Mixed Biscuits, per lb. , :     .16
Cream Chocolates; per lb. ...      .35
Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin '.  .50
"Cowan's Cooking Chocolate, per lb     .45
Snyder's Tomato Catsup, pts. .. i'.. 30
Wagstaff's Pure Jam, Fig and Lemon 75
Wagstaff's Pure Raspberry and Red Currant Jam 75
Wagstaff's Pure Damson Plum Jam 75
Libby's Sliced Pineapple, 2 lb., tall, per tin 20-
Pickles, Red Cross, 18 oz- ! 20
Pickles, Dills, per dozen 20
Japan Rice, No, 1, 7 lbs 50
Colgate's Big Bath Soap, 2 for '  .25
Corn Starch, 2 pkgs     .15
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 lb. tins, 2 for 35
Old Time Maple Syrup (new pack) *% gals     .90
Pickled Mackerel, per lb „ ' 11%
* Large Salt Herring, per lb y. 10
Smoked Bloaters, per ib. 10
Smoked Kippers, per lb 10
Pure Lard, 5 lb- pail »     ..75
' Empire Bacon, per lb ;     .23*
. Fowl, per lb 20
Chicken, per lb \ .-. 23
Pure Cod Fish, per lb. .;.. '     .12%
Castoria, per bottle  '. 25
Seidlitz Powders, each 15
Scott's Emulsion, large  75
Beef, Iron and Wine, 16 oz ., 50
Pepps for Colds 40
Gin Pills  -,...'.. .' , 40
Fruitatives 40
Peroxide, medium size '. > , ,    .20
Horlick's Malted Milk, large .,     .85
 ^Saturday special—^Ifouse_Pressftsj_n_ggod_nuajjtv of gingham, with
embroidery collar, selling regularly for $1.75-
Saturday Special , $1.50
Ladies' Kid Gloves
Made from a specially selected quality of fine soft kid.    Come in
white, tan and black.    Sizes :J>% to 7.   Regular $1.25.
Saturday Spocial '. 75c. pair
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
By f ugt-W V. Dtbt
Bona tine 1*0 on a train rolling
Into tlie anion stations! Ptorls, III., n
lady In tbe seat ahead of me turned
about nnd aald; "This ta toe wickedest
oity In the country but on**—-Tern
Hauta ti worse,"
About tb* tlmo ot tbat dta«ra«wful
public etlsbrstlon bar* whoa iraf t and
corruption won tbo day in our courts—
wbleb waa tn fact a celebration *tt the
actly as lie wai tben. Wben tbe people of Terrt Haute, n great majority of
tbem, led by rich tax dodgem and Influential "flrtt dUswis," voted to make
Dono Rooerta mayor, tbey knew bin
juat as well, aa tbey know bim today,
Tbey knew tbat bit own father bad
charged bim over uii on** name In a
public newspaper wua having robbed
Ma own family; tbey knew esactly
wbat be waa and what be would do;
and In full possession of tbls know
lodge they mado him mayor, and If ho
oucht now to go to the jwuileutlary
rotteanjrsa of our courts-a paper in Lrary „,,„„ man who tooom«() hlm
a outefabu:*! to a it b*i aa Ullo;.»l ^ ¥0te„ for „|m mm w g0 ttoero
paragraph about aa follow*:
"Terra Haute la not tbe only rotten
city thit rejoice* In, and whoi* leading cttltens p*rilclpate in tht public
celebration of, lit rottoan-eoe."
Here la another bit of comment: "It
appean to be *sa«ntlai to a suectaafBl
candidate for mayor In Terr* Haute
tbat be b*> charted with having atolen
• tor imi of Bwnwtbtnf."
flown in N*w Orleen* the other day
I btsrd * a««!i e*y; "If Tm* Haute ia
aa bad at It* reputation, tt ought to bt
btmtn, *? *S«A tymm'A*."
We bar* it** what others thtak mA
say of aa and tbla may be ot IttUo mo*
ee^ueuc* But tbo o*#*t.km tbat W
ot iatm»**tii*o**- m tb* ttfllit of tb* na*
Hoft.wfde notoriety of Terre llnet* at
land keep the lock-atep with him.
I recall the incident ol a wealthy tat
dodger <wbo ha» sine* been satMd
with cold feet and wrller'a cramp
since the federal court baa entered
upon Ut* scene and Roberta' power ia
broken and he haa no more goods to
deliver) boasting at tbe time of Rob*
ert*»' vindication" and Weeping Bph's
glorious triumph" that tr tht election
net* to take ftlnt* th*n Robert* would
b* tttctad mayor b> 10,000 majorit).
Tbla particular tax dodger, who wai
•j'i-t -tt H4bttt\n' tlkt bntbtrn *** tats
»» b* could profit by bit corrupt mit
mw. it not dated for the pen, but hat
site* been proclaimed a greet puWIe
tenets ctor,
I hop« io nee Robert* and all hit pale
thtt hour ts, What aball wt mf not acquainted unlet* thoa* wbo put tbem
la wont than a community ot criminal*.
Tht very hour Judge Fortune betrayed tbt people of Vigo county by
throttling tht grand gury of hit own
appointing he should have beta drtvtt
flroa tht bench la dlagrac*. The office ht now hoHi, to which ht hat op*
polnttd blmatlf, after rtlalng tht aai-
ary to ault blmttlf, la detlbtrately ttol-
en from tht ptoplt, tvtn though tht
theft, like oar crooked eity boundary
Unci, may run tht gauntltt of legal
technicalities so cunningly devtttd to
aovor tht crime.
There la another matter not to be
okerloo-fted utillt nn are uimnlng up.
Tht traction company bas no franchise
tnd nerer bas had the right to haul
freight trains ortr our street*. Tbat
frsnehies Is worth hundreds of thou
sands of dollars, tad tht eity has btta
robbed of thst amount flvt yttrs
ago the suit of tht city against tht
company on tccoont of this frtnehls*
wss bung up by a sptdtl Judgt appointed for esaetly that purpose, ft
l» about time to call this ease aad havt
tt nettled, even If we hero to do so by
appealing to tht mob.
Pteoi nt Aim Ms*
'■'Mob rule, is ta Uasttra pw*«t*or
said not long ago, It better that thief
Th* «ob»« whtt the amnion people
hnvff alwaya been called by rich and
rvtpecttMt robber*
"good man" to do for us what wt ought
to do for ourselves wt will get jutt
what wt art getting today aad mora
of It
It It a good fysttm we want Instead of a rotten ont, and if tht prt*
sent upheaval belpa to open tht tytt
of tht mutts to thit fsct It will ht
worth Its entire cost to tlio ptoplt of
Terr* Haute.—American Socialist
.\ y.:i'i '.'i i.i .,>, j m»! -.< .-1-7 i'i" .
holy, -csitf-rialSy -mr "3****3i*ti#" *i Itliest, j
waM-eil IhMt tlob*n* eta*t*4 tm.nrot: 3
wow nearly everybody waatt bla ttat]
to the penitentiary.    I did not want ]
*k*m* **W»V *   h*K*4 9,   M*1M*MI> "••••    •'■»   Ik    * +99. a
Mm tMt te tbo ptltetiUtry mv.       (
Tbe wont human belag is still to4j|
good to bt locked tp In tbe ben pmU\
tewtMry as nov rnmtonet,     Rwt »
ttcltl tywttm that broods cdatiatls at)
mrttmt tmt memtmn ennom bm mt-i
pm«4 to hare aay grttt mercy m tta-
Wn Vbn Stmt ftifetrtt. ,
Wl? tmn tht p**p»* of Terra Haute,
ee hu §m tUbtrt* tm tmym a ttHOtl
•aet o loot nm -Mi why ara thty -aow |
WflWfWit Wl WPP pfiWpWw* mm •PP^B^; H^M i
fw Hi PPWiwW Wtt p
• ■■WPWtw   ■WBt'   --[-^(^^Wp   mAA   w^WSW-MtB   om*   ^^op-^t^ t
trtt. tot the Ittat.    W# I* now «-*•{
-AX-lt* *>•* ,v;Mr »ttt*—i',i* Trr'tnr tin- f'-nt
to tb* jie-nttentlary to beep tbem com-
I tm oppoted to punishing tbt ptor
victims of t crime and allowing ttt
By Fred A. Hinktl, Seelallet M.yee ot
Hamilttn, Obit
.\e»«r btCort has a city beta toratd
over to a Soclatlat administration li
such a deplorable condition at this
city was la, owing to tht grttt Hood
of March, 1» 13.
Ntvtr btfora hat tbla dly seen a
campaign auca tt tkt latt moatelpal
campaign, in which Dtmocrate. Rtpub<
llcans. Hull iMoottra. tte, had Joiatd
bands In order to dtfttt tbt SocltlltU,
and prevent them from getting control
t. Hamilton, which would mtea itt
trt»etloi» *»d tnaVruytcy to tkt city,
accofdlng to their statements madt
during tb* etmpalfB.
-Tbt crisis of Um Oty ot Hamlllon
Is «t hand and for that rmnon t tm
hero to take a hand, I feel that tht
safety of my neighbor aai our
;*...    .»     ». *,    ■»<     » . t. :*   *.*.,., ,.*
'im.1i   h'ft  V   Hn!   ■nfitfirfiti-   r.min*,'^ -Wiln r*lr--iitt -frier*-.
Ifluerge Wathlagfoa. a* the tory prtai)   "What wa'tera whit yew tnm, tm*
Ithe* celled Mm, that rose up aadlUglo* or polities ta.    Um forces of
srntAei tht goraramest of their time i society which by rovotultoa aai fatet
for * mod deal tett catte thtt tht I ful Imagtaatlon prepoat to build up aa
.     *,    .It*,...,,   **...*,   *■*,..   t.   -*,,   ..m't/trtil   t**tt,    **t.tt
.\o« if there is a aaan ia Terra
Haiite who ought to go to tht pealtt*
tiary for what haa bappeted la Ttm
Haute dtirln* tbe last few month*,
that man i* lodge Cbtrles 11. fWrtwa*
It 1st ),. nbn tornet Um* beach tato
,tt tXl'bt an tlm Mark sod the rwtrt
b*t»*.t 'Mt> * Awn rA prt>iAltot\m. 'Tbere
in mt » -ranvkt smoag aH tht atmbtr
*H)> Mm bnn tent it tbt pewiUMtltry
wbrt^ wm rritty tf at m**a a theft aai
*• h»* s rtXmm m this mmn- t»to* bat
r<MMss*»(e4 aaatasi tu* tMtawaNy.
Tbim ara pttta woris ai t nano
rants to be   A fMMMWiiIfy tv 'cowtfii
turn   tti   .**** ttll*   (Trt-P
eramett of this -Arftkta eity. Shall
nntb a calamity bttall atr—llatslltot
•.venlag Ittratl fOtttrat).
What bat Socialitm bwra dolag fer
oat city?
Wert, trout Ytar
Tbe teJtewtog Js a bfM reaune ef
la ltdigaatloa aai pwt ta tti tt tb*
oniragtt tbat ara now being ptrpttrat
(Mi «*pOw WPPlw*
If Uh* ptople of Ttrra Haute win
stand Ut what ladg* Fortune haa pot
ovtr on these, tbty win etaai 1st say
this*.  Aad la tht weaatla** ■tbt rUb l
ttnttter* who thrive te nwratrtptl arts ' tbt tbt*t wort doat ttuc* fomtty 1,
«dn«in!tt.raK*lon ara tltvaiy *egtfn»i*t ] tttt, by tbt fhMMMt admlatttrattta la
to spring tbt aavee of a frteh ttt tf f Ha»IIttt
gwtd mea" it pot tmm *«fk* in 4»i Ou* ot tin ttm things. Am* won
m- wtoA-noA pbraty. It A high ttmt to rtntAm nn tomoton tf t» tbt too-
thit tmm* mom" mm. wbtch it *iwsj«i»erty otrati by tbt city. • thlac al*
uproot ia oot* a ctltH. »tra saior * aseet tabctrd tf la HaaBraa.
stood By tkt people for the pomtral, Tlw pott** forrt wss reduced abowt
•ttwyKft.   A. loot o. we well ter t ft Hiii abi HtftApmtb tt thtt do
partmtnt wu cut ntarly |t(,000 ptt
«troeu, sldewalkt and alltyt that
bad been blockadtd for years wtrt
all opened up to tho public.
Tht blockading of crossings hy tbt
railroad haa bats practically tllmlntt-
Nearly 3.000 loads ot rubbish that
tecumulattd on lots tnd back yards
waebaultdaway'by thtclty.
An ordlnanct wit passtd aad enforc
td compelling property owners to cu|
tbelr weeds aa a health prtcautlon.
Establish llght-Heur Dsy
A minimum wage of $1M ptr day
wat tstabltshtd for tmploytt of tht
city and aa tight hour day,
Cheaper tlscirlelty hat btta stcurod
for tht ptoplt. Tht mtalmum prlot
hat btta rtduced from I etntt ptr
kilowatt to f otnt*. thut taviag tht
eousumtr much moaay, and tht mini
num price of ont dollar ptr month
haf btta raductd to M etntt ptr
Alt railroad erotslngs havt btta
rebuilt and pat In good condition.
Beckett Avenut crttslag hat btta
opened up aftar ytar* of tffort o« the
Rpedsl traffic poHcemta latt hot*
sboiishti. hot tht traffic rultt haft
beta enforctd Impartially.
Rsnltary drinking feaataHw havt
heen Inttnlltd la tht parka aad at pm
Miaeat atrtat eoratra.
1       *     ,'*", *.*■*- mSts w     »f«'A,#     t'tntf:*.. tit *%tk
\ -eervb *mt el tb* *lt*r w*« tmlbl fbrmt*,
tb* cooperation of tht flood cow-
miute. Tht wait waa iMt dlratt if
tht city, that Mvtag toatraaiot** piw
tr*n* f* ttm* o*e*n ntx*<t*
DsllavMat bltU for gat, wttsr tmt
elwtrttlty hat* beta rolltcttd aai Ml
favorittt kaowa. Tht lunar aimla-
istratloa hoi tlltwtd tat MU ftr wnn.
water aai tfttttidty to a pttnatatat
buslatt* auia to rwa «atn R aawMtai
to nesrly tl.WO.    ThU haa btta a»
■^.^.tm - - jl ^ ti    ' ol—.»ja^^     ^^^jk^^    ^Hkag,    -g^^*^|_
nni^Tiwt» v*mi*nw   wwniy   ihwbi   wifi^
Mil* for gss, wsttr tad tltrtrtetty.
Ptstsi a gMitl pn» ftoi ltw, aai
tttfami aaa** itrtaily.
www    |^Ww»y     om     -wPwWM^p     W-^W^f-    wWWP
in ■unify Um mm
III flWWW WWBl W& tBHW iwiy
4WR' Ww pWd MMr fMPMBPVlft
sands of dollars la lnttrait
Tht ordlnanot rtgulrlng hookattrs,
ptddltra and farmers to obtain a lie-
onee to ttll, thtlr goods In Hamilton
has beta repealed, opening tht mar
kot* of Hamilton to all.
Tht City Building Commission, ap-
polnttd hy tht formtr admlnlttratton
and which wat planning expenditures
of the city's monty, wai abolishtd.
An tnsptctlon of tht tnttrt city tor
tht removal ot fire trapa aad conditions that would eauat fires was madt,
aad tht numbtr of flrtt occurrlag la
tht eity baa btta eat la two.
Aa lniptctlon ot collar door* aad ob-
*Uutiion* atotag tht atratu *(.d alleys,
for the removal of dtagtra wat made
to as to secure safety to the puhlie.
Roada In Otti Oritf
Tbt mala roada and strtttt Itadlng
out of Hamilton within tht city limits
were almost Impassshls. Thtst havt
beta ragradtd aai put la tsctlltnt condition. Tbt city bought tqulntwat for
this work and iM tht ttmt dirtct, thut
savlag contractor's profits.
Tht formtr administration had btta
burning ovtr flti worth ot gat tack
month to host tht city bttMlng. ThU
was cut down te lets thaa |M par
Tht rtgtlar pttlco ftrat it rt«tirtd
to do tht work of staHary pallet aai
tttltt (a tht health dtptrtawat, tttiag
stnltsry poliet tsptttt.
Oroat work tet btta dtat ia tha
,**** tt*** *mli*t turn*******,** *%»*«i>-* »%iit
\ -TMeeetOf of 1M»11e Hsfetv    WwAmt tO*-\
met admtntirtratfona tht out-door to*''
not toot had beta taratd ovtr la a
lump twm to prtvatt orgaataaUooa.
Undtr Mit formtr aimtaittfatioat
n fwww wim it* tmrmma mma nl*n tmm*tt
ovtr to tht Mercy Hotpital, a pitnto
lastltatloa, ragarilsts of tht tsiilwt
readertd. Horn a otatratt ha* hata
ttttrod lato ao that iho botpUal la
pttd rar tet tal ttytKet ptttttttpt,
Vltt It AhsHthti
Conuntrc-taittei vtce wblch btd *t-
Istti tvtaly  abi  flatatltgly dtrttg
•oat et tht history tt tht ftty ot Unto*
otbAAAm     ^^*^A   jk-^^|-^Bay-^^^^^a|   -^h   tffihtfh   flbmdyRAsttsiyB
In a better condition tbm at aay timo
In tht city's history.
A comfort nation will now ht it-
curai for tht city, after yuan of tf
forts. This will ht tht tint aad only
comfort station la tht eity of Hamll.
ton. The work li rttdy to procttd at
this writing.
Tht number of mtrrlagts performed
by tht mayor up to date amounts to
f»fl. Tbls provti oonoluslvety that So-
dsllsts tra aot opposed to th* »ar.
rlagt tit.   '
An or.Uosnc* haa hata pssstd to fU
tht salaries of tht policemen of the
city at lino ptr day of tight hours.
Mumstpti Owntntitp Wlitt
Tht profits madt by tht municipal
plant* wtrt grtater thaa tvtr ta IM4.
Tht proflu of tha ga* worka tor lftt
t si Mttll; of tte waUr work*, HV
4I1.&& and ot tht Wtctrle Light Do-
pirt«tnt, MI.S01M, or a total of Wl.-
m.tt Tht electrto plsnt iii Hiarit-
ton's street llghUig frae. ThU vat
worth IJ5.000. Aid this to tht profits
of tha munletptl plaato ini tht total
it |M,fit.4? ta praflta In iptti of low
Tha SecialUt firty nptatd a free
www ,*§Ww^*p   IvOW   M*   III  WWpBpiSv^i
aai thowtsads of arasli havt bee*
Tho aaarttt al eviaktt aai mttit-
mtinori rommllltd hi tht dly •*• Itst
by aa#wuf ihait what thty wtta it
yetra. ■   *■
. fTwg^WTi
wmop^n^^^^ MM9WV
UP*   IIVUUNt Rl   ,	
IMwvldoi ii^iM» iiii
■wn 9ttickly CMtd by
am, A A. Jw, -*,.


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