BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1915-07-24

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0309006.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0309006-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0309006-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0309006-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0309006-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0309006-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0309006-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Industrial Unity Isi
The Official Organ of District No. 18,17. M. W. of A.
I./ *
W     -•     ^X-
\ "i      *"       «3\
\>7    <%>   £
\ I    ,       ^    -SO J
i    i
Political Unity Is Victory
^o. 48, Vol. vin.
i■ • Tt ■   ,*■■
■p/.-A:- ■ -*..
!A-'.' ■'■'
I ji'^. .' ■„' -*
IX'**"... "" --.
,■:)*-.-„ . ' „,'
IS'i*** ,.*, *..
--■'At "\,
**, * :
■Vi? ""■
The Court House on Monday morning was weil filled with spectators and
interested parties 'when the hour for
the opening of the commission of inquiry which had beeu deemed necessary by the Minister of MineB in view
of -the finding of Commissioner Stew-
art at the first inquiry in connection
with the explosion tn B North mine.
Coal Creek, on the 2nd of January last.
His Honor Judge Porln, of Nelson, presided as Commissioner. Immediately
upon opening the Court the Commission was read by His Honor and it
very specifically sets out the details
Involving this subsequent investigation.     It states as follows:
."Under the provisions of the Coal
Wines Regulation Act J have the honor
to request you to hold an Inquiry a-t
Fernie, BjC, at 10 a.m., on Monday,
the 19th day ot July, 1915, and succeeding days if necessary, into the conduct of Mr. Bernard Caufield, manager
ot B. North Mine, Coal Creek, B. C,
-end holder,of a first class certificate
' of competency and second class certificate of competency, *B 30; and Mr,
, William!.-McFegan, overman of B North
Mine, and holder of a second class
certificate of competency ;B 106, and
third>.clafl& certificate pf competency
C-319, Into the following matter eom-
, plained of:
- "That the said Bernard Caufield, as
manager of B North mine of the Crow's
j Nest • Pass   Coal   Company, Limited,
:.Coal Creek, B.C., and William MoFe?
gan, overman of B. North Mine of the
Crow's   Neat   Pass   Coal   Company
'. Limited, of Coal Creek, B.C., did on the
first aiid necond days of January, 1915,
. fair to operate the ventilating apparatus, to-maintain and furnish an ade-
*  quate supply of pure air to dilute, and
.; render'harmless the noxious gases, as
■required, by General Rule 1, Section 91
' of the Coal MineB Regulation Act.
,;.,,   "That through the failure to operate
the ventilating apparatus the said B
North Mine tilled with explosive gas;
';.•< .That the failure to examine the un-
. derground working of tbe said B North
^mine previous to the time for the men
Ho commence work, resulted In an ex-
"plosion of the accumulated gas<*s;
in the dual capacity of faninan and
haulage man at B North Mine. At
tke Inception of operations in this mine
witness stated there were threo regular fanmen employed, each working
8 hour shifts, but this was reduced to
two fanmen. Three months prior to
the explosion these men worked S hour
day shifts and 13% hours night shift
respectively, leaving a period of %xk
hours with no fanman in attendance
upon the fan, this period was from 3
to 5.30 p.m. On the Tuesday of the
week before Christmas Day Ferguson,
one of the regular fanmen quit, leaving
witness as the only regular fanman.
When mine was in operation a fan-
man was appointed for the day shift.
If not in operation the night fan man
was the only one in charge ot the ventilation, working from 5.30 p.m. to 1
a.m. Unable to say what was done
regarding ventilation when mine was
not working outside of the hours men:
tioqed. He stated that he was on
duty (night shift) until Saturday morning of Christmas week, leaving at 7
a.m. and did' not go back to work until
Tuesday, December 29th, on the morning shift, and remained on duty for 16
hours; then again Wednesday from 7
a.m. to 3 p.m., when he was relieved
by an Italian boy called Marasco.
Thursday also worked from 7 to 3 p.m.,
when there was no relief. Friday and
Saturday being a holiday, did not expect to go to work again until the
night shift on Sunday, January 3. Upon
leaving Thursday the fan was still in
operation and would keep running for
eight hours. This witness stated later when engines were being changed
for the fftn to cease running; these
stoppages occurred usually between
5.30 and 6 p.m., and between 4 ahd 5
a.m., and around 11 a.m. -The fan,
when stopped, could not be started
without human aid. Asked it in the
event of his being at his regular station (the haulage engine house) how
would he know that the fan had stopped, replied by three things: The power went off the haulage engine; lights
extinguished in the main tunnel and
the hum of the fan ceased.
Cross-examined  by. Mr.  Herchmer
fat th« -RTnl-nflton cans ;rt direct ser- H.iA-tiinrf-jtiiAU-mnjh-^iitAMAa^apjdaiHJ^
.louB.lntw to Thomas France and John
('ydosalc, underground  employee* at
' B North iMine, and indirectly caused
the death of Evan Eyans, late inspector of mines.
That'the said B North Mine was
,- well known as as gaseous mine and to
permit the stoppage of the ventilating
,-.* apparatus and the consequent accumulation of-a Large body of e»p|o»lve-g«a,
was not good mining practice, and was
an act of gross negligence, reauiring
an Inquiry into their conduct and their
fitness to hold a certificate of competency under the said "Coal Mines Regulation Act."
<Mr. Thomas Graham, Chief Inspector of Minea, haa charge ot tbe man-
agement of the cose. Mr. Sherwood
Herchmer. representing Mr. Caufield,
while .Mr. A, -Macnell appeared tor Mr.
William McFegan.
Tbe morning session was taken up
entirely with argument by Mr. Can-
field's counsel that tn fairness to all
parties separate inquiries should he
held dealing witb each bt the respective accused parties' ease, It waa
ruled, however, that inasmuch at there
was considerable common evidence,
this could bt proceeded with and after
which It could be definitely decided
the course to be pursued.
Confused MtFegifi
Adjournment was then granted for
tht purpose of enabling William Mc-
Ft gan to obtain the assistance of counsel.
At the afternoon session John Gy-
doule wat tht first witness called wbo
atated tbat ht was employed tn n
* North ns tracklayer for 18 months
prior to January Itt, and In accordance
with Inatructlona front Overman Wns.
McFegan ho turned out. for work on
the morning of tht explosion and wtt
In reply to Mr. Macnell witness said
that at the time of the accident there
was only one regular fanman; he acted as haulage man too.
Replying to Mr. Graham, Stockwell
aiid a man could not act as haulage
man and "bogie" man. This term
"•bogie" men created quite a discus-
3.I9A.. owing to the necessity of explaining its meaning'for tfie benefit of
.those uot versed in miners' technical
A short examination of Barrington
Ferguson, who had been employed until within a little over a week prior to
the explosion, terminated Mondays
The only point of minor difference
between tbe evidence adduced from
that given by Stockwell waa that Ferguson said that he had known the tan
to stop without tho haulage engine
ceasing to run or the lights going out.
Tbls last witness did state that he
waa hired by the overman, but later
qualified it by adding that he waa
given a note which he took to the
timekeeper, and the timekeeper took
It to tbe superintendent, and he waa
then algned on.
Tuesday morning court convened at
10.30, whon Edward Shlmmons waa
called to the stand. He stated that
he was stilt In the employ of tbe company and worked during the new yeara
week aa "bogie" man and keeping an
eye on the fanman on the night shift
until Wednesday night, bttt did not
work on Thursday or Priday nights.
Alee •MoFegan, next called, was a
most Interesting wltnoss and the morning aesslon was particularly marked
hy tht persistent effort on the part of
counsel conducting the cross-examine
thia  witness
.Mr. Graham referring to a circular
letter dated November 27th, 1914, issued by B. Caufield, and addressed
to the overman calling attention to
Special Rule 30 regarding non-compliance at the commencement of the Sunday night shifts, asked witness: "Had
the management not known there were
no fire bosses in any mine Sunday af-
ernoons this circular would be absolutely unuece&sary?"—because with the
fire bosses Sunday afternoon and then
the night shift need not to make the
inspection at all." Witness answered,
"Certainly not."
Wednesday Morning
In accordance with the arrangements made between the representative counsels of Caufield and McFegan
it was decided that the former, having precedence officially, should take
the Btand first. B, Caufield said tbat
he had been in the employ of the coal
company since 1906, when he came
first to the country and started as a
digger. Prior to coming to Canada
he had been 15 years in various capacities connected with the coal mining
industry in England, and ln his total
of 25 years' experience had only worked for two companies. He then entered into some lengthy details regarding
the doings and duties of his subordinates, in the course of which allusion was made to the discovery of certain irregularities which occasioned
the issuance of a letter dated 'Nov.
29th, calling particular attention to
Sec. 30 in re duties of fire 'bosses on
the -Sunday night shifts, and emphasizing that on the shift immediately prior
to -the explosion David Shanks should
have been on duty. The witness, in
explanation of the reason why men acted ln dual capacities at B North and
did not do so at the other mines was
oon account of the distance between
the mine mouth and the fan houses in
the other mines necessitated that a
fanman should be engaged exclusively
on the work of furnishing ventilation.
In reply to a question fromi Inspector
(iraham relative to individual responsibility stated that his duties were so
numerous, having to supsrviso eight
mines at -Coal Creek that it is out of
the question to look after all the details of operation, hence is obliged to
rely upon the trustworthiness of those
delegated to take charge of the various departments. Questioned as to
the necessity pt obtaining reports looking to the safety of the mines oa idle
days, witness replied that he did not
expect to get any reports in such cases.
After a few more queries bad been
asked and answered, Judge Forin In-
on New
Special Mass Meeting of Gladstone
Local Union will be held in the Grand
Theatre, Friday, July 23, at 7 o'clock
sharp. Business: To discuss the Ledger suspension question and other important matters.
Management Committee will meet
in the Secretary's Office, Monday, July
26th, at 7.30 p.m.
On Saturday last an incident occurred savoring more of tbe Southern states of the U. S. than of Canada. Two
negroes bad a wordy dispute which
took on a more serious turn -when Bd.*
Bradley whipped out his "razzer" and
made an onslaughter upon Andrew
Lncy, Inflicting gasnes of a far more
serious stamp than customary ln German students' duels. After streaking
his victim in the back, leaving a mark
about a foot long, realizing ithe importance of evading the police, he disappeared.
'Bradley was arrested by Prov. Constable 'Dryden, at Waldo, as he was
endeavoring to make his escape across
the International Boundary. Upon
being brought to Pernie the magistrate
before whom he was presented, remanded th> case until Monday. In
the meantime he is an inmate of the
city lock-up.
The wound, a very ugly one, required twelve stitches to bring the severed
flesh into apposition. This was submitted to by the victim with t'he stoicism of an Indian as he declined to take
an anaesthetic whilst the sewing process was going on.
Never in the history of the world
has there been a force tbat has made
so many sacrifices for the country's
good, and stood so loyally for its defence, as the British Labor movement.
Sad, however, to relate, its efforts
have not been appreciated as they
might have been, and its motives have
been misrepresented by the interests
who have been holding up the govern- i Welsh
ment in the turning out of war and
other supplies, and whose own arrogance and unpatriotism has had to tbe
curbed by the Imperial authorities.
The Unionist Army at the Front
Up to the present time nearly eight
Mine Workers Accept Terms
Proposed to Them Yesterday*—New
Agreement to Last Over War Term.
Under New Deal the Men Will Get
Substantial   Increases   in   Wages.
LONDON, July 21.—The South AVal-
.      ,    ,   . .       , ,   -,       ,    es coal miners have accepted the terms
hundred thousand iradeb uuionlstr, in agreed upon Tuesday and the strike is
..r»„r   11,11.1,,   h„™  «.,.,.„,:   f„-,  ti,, therefore definitely at an end. Through
Word has been received from the
Italian Counsul-General requesting all
reservists and others affected by the
mobilization order to report at once
to C. Dicrastro, the local consular representative, when arrangements will
be made for transportation and instructions given to those enlisting.
TeTTOgsCBnr^'in-tne other
there any fanmen  working
Year's Day?"
B. Caufield:   "Yea."
William MoFegan was next calleld,
and in reply to questions from A. Macnell stated that he waa employed as
overman at Coal Creek at the time of
the explosion and had charge of B.
No*-tb;#nd*Xa,,,8 .Mines, .that he had
worked-for the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Co. for eleven yeare, starting in in*
driver, and that prior to com mar to
Canada he had worked in the mines of
his native country, Scotland., Asked
when the slack time commenced, said
that it was in August or September of
1914, and continued up to Christmas
week, when the mines -were on full swing for the week prior to the explosion. He gave a resume ot what he
used to do when be was a fire boss at
No. 1 East, stating that there were very
few Sundays and holidays that he did
not work, and when he did lay off he
had obtained permission to do ao, and
that he dtd not hold with David Shanks
who atated in hts evidence that it waa
not necessary to report on holidays
and Idle daya. He (MoFegan) answered tbat in his opinion had David
Sbanka heen on duty on the shift prior
to the explosion that be did not think
it would have happened.
Mr. Macnell read part of Rule 21
dealing with the dutiea ot tbe fire
Mr. Herchmer: "You ordered your
brother Alex, to go to work on 8atur-
McFegan:   "Yes."
Tho witness was then subjected to
a number of questions from Inspector
Graham relative to the Issuance of
orders. . .
In concluding tbe examination, Judge
Forin stated tht purpose of this en*
qulry wat. to find out where the blame
of this accident lay. ahd by ao doing
he beHtf enaMi-d to prevent rmttar
The first day's session of the conciliation board which met on .Monday
morning in the court house to deal
with the dispute- regarding wages
a <i£, court I Lous of labor between 'lie
v*>"y brief, concluding within two
hours' time but during tbat period
several surprises were sprung while
those appearing for each side of the
Superintendent W. G. Murrin of
the B. C. E. It, declared that unless
a reduction was made in the wages
scale there would be nothing ahead
for ...the company .hut. Insolvency.
Bad business conditions, the jitney
competition, tho alleged drop in the
cost of living since 1913 were the
main grounds for his appeal tor
a. revision ot the agreement ln wages
entered into between the B. C. E. R.
and its employees in 1913.
Intimation waa made that the lnter-
urban employees of the Lulu Island
and Fraser branches had decided to
transfer their memberships from the
Street Railway Employees' Union to
the Steam Head Employees' Union
under the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Knglneers and' to make a separate
working agreement with the company.
The announcement created consider-
ab'e discussion which, however, waa
laid aside when Charles J. Green, one
of the committee representing the In-
tcrurban employees, produced a list
signed by 98 per cent of the Interurban
employees This atated that the sig-
nator* had agreed to transfer thMr
rcembersblp from tbe amalnanuted society and to effect a separate agreement with the company, and therefore
any decision of the conciliation board
would be regarded by tbem aa null
and void.
Ureat iiiitain have enlisted lor thft
defence of the Erap-M— 1 far largtr
proportion than from any othor class,
ana probably. If not quite, one-third
at least of all the f orcas under anr.s at
home and abroad.
Thousands of the most expert mechanics in the United Kingdom have
manned the trenches when tbey should
have been retained at home to turn
out munitions of war, and cheaper nonunion Incompetents bave essayed to
fill their positions, only to demonstrate
their inefficiency.
Several of the big armament firms
that contracted to turn out war munitions for the government failed to
come up to their promises because
their factories were filled up with a
cheap class of workers, while the union mechanics were fighting at the
front Now the mistake is to be rectified, and skilled union labor is being
•withdrawn from the firing line to again
take its place in the workshop.
Misrepresenting Real Conditions
The gross misstatements that union
men are refusing to do their share,
and work overtime, has been given the
lie most emphatically by those who
are in the best position to know.
• The London Labor Leader, in running a series of articles on the hours
which the workers are working in the
different districts, proves that in two
shops in Sheffield the average hours
are from 70 to 87 per week. This
gives the lie direct that the men are
slackers and lose time through drink.
Charges are made against some of the
big firms of offering women eight shillings ($2.00) a week instead ot ia shillings ($4.50), and women who are put
to work are paid 12 shillings ($3.00)
Instead of 32 shillings ($8.00), which
were paid to the men. It is quite evident that the "Capitalist Profiter" is
out the coal fields there was an overwhelming majority in favor of a settle
The Terms
To the members of the United Mine
Workers of America:
Brothers,—You are hereby most earnestly urged to stay away from Illinois
when looking for work.
This district is already overcrowded with idle men who have not been'
able to secure a day's work for
..Many of the mines are not operating, and have not operated for months,
The terms arrived at grant a sub-rnd lhe ttenter number of those that
Btantlal increase in wages, and involve I«™ operating are only  working one
oncesslons fo ihe strikers which are
considered by tlici: executive committee as'tantamount to an admission'
of the miners claims on nearly all the
outstanding points.
The chief cause, of the miners unrest was what they considered the excessive profits the miue owners were
making in the sale of their coal at
war prices—profits in which they were
not sharing. Tbey also deeply resented enforced arbitration, as was
authorized by the application ot the
munition act to coal miners. (Though
it is now a law, this measure was not
actually invoked against the miners
when they laid down their picks aud
no mention is made of the future scope
in the proposed agreement.
The agreement reached provides that
neither sid6 shall be penalized for the
present dispute.
.Mrs. M'eta L. Berger, Socialist, has
been elected president of the Milwaukee (Wis.) School Board.
A meeting was held in the Council
Chamber on Saturday evening with Dr.
S. Bonnell presiding, and after stating
the object of the gathering a subscription list was opened and $245.00 was
donated in a few minutes.
In addition to the money donated
G. G. Henderson, collector of customs,
donated two Shetland ponies to be put
up at a raffle, proceeds from which to
and two days a fortnight As a consequence ive have thousands of members
who are actually on the verge of starvation.
Conditions in this district can best
be explained by citing   two   things:
First, Illinois now has men and machinery sufficient to produce 190,000,-
000 tons of coal annually.     Last year
we produced a little over 60,000,000      'Jl
tons.    Secondly, during April the Dis- . ■■ S
trict Organization paid'out $27,285 for - ;.ij
the relief of our members.'     During ■*■*■}&
May $25,733, and for June $36,800, and.".-'^
the demand for relief   is    becoming, 7--f
greater   and   more   insistent.     TJilt/?*«?i|
money was paid out, not for'tbe ,8u|k'.';^|
port of men on strike, but to,-.rekfl»$':;^8|
the distress and hunger of our mieto*F^i@|
bers who cannot secure employments'"^'""
The amount paid out for relief la'amde-:*'^!
more signiflcannt when it ie known ?.^i*
that in no case have we paid relief '^i,
to any of our local unions until ■ irftetynf&^I
the members thereof have been idlBLS"£r-sJ
for forty-five consecutive days.- ..      -'•-.-■■sa
Under these circumstances we tool; 'Mm
we are justified ln asking you.'to.^yir^F1
away from Illinois. y/''■ l'^7i0&,
Yours truly, "    . ;. '"%$$M
* ■*'*, t-i'jJsv'aiieSSr
Wav is invariably carried on/d*lrS;-
property.    The people of one:countiyJ
want ibe territory of another.'. ,Th»y*.^
sounds, crude, but it's accurate. :■ ^V*$iTpf;.ipf$|
can't find1 anywhere on tfcia glohtJ^ %%:|
nation silly enough to pea.* Its ,fainiO^S5S|
Into a war Without at ie,*.rt-*h*-~*-<«ii*-a*&asg|
had beta wade by Messrs. Herchmer,
Macnell and Graham, each represent
tion to ascertain  from
the first man to arrive on the spot, at S whom he expected to find upon ar-
which tint there waa no Indication of! rival at the mine in the morning of
tht ftn being in operation.  The next I the explosion and what he expepted to
to nrrive wits a driver with hit htm*, do    After a Irntfhy ^wrtptlnB ot th*
closely followed by John POlltk tnd 'system In vogue under normiTcoBdi- disasters happening In the future,
shortly thereafter by Thomas franco, tions-1, e., wben there wore three fire    The liwulry was brought to a con
with whom he exchanged the compll-. bosses working their regular shifts and elusion after addresstn to the
ments of tht ttaton, and thtn tht tx* what obtained somt time Prior to tto
plosion occurred which knocked bim (explosion, he heatedly remarked. "For
oft bla balance, thit waa ootckly M>;tko way wo had beta worklng-onder
lowed by tht attend Waat leaning from (tbo syattm we had fceen working. I
the mttn tunnel, whiek rated tho tntw-i think discipline had been completely
abed to the ground, tho doortt from left out of it." The witneaa plainly
which falling open him and France, pointed out that had there been three
inflicting injuries upon both,   fft fur-1 fire bosaet working In regular ordor
tber Mated that ht managed to ex- than there would have been oh necas-
trfcato himoeit unaided tnd at soon tt *. eity for tn examination to bo madt
h* got ont »t taw Alto MePagno, tht by tht morning flro boss before tko
nrt boss, for tbo flrtt tlmo that day.!men would bt tllowtd to go tn tko
Crota-tsawintd by Mr. A. MnmOtt 1 mine, obtwas on this particutor mom.
bo stated thst ko not only smelt ths Ug, thst of iM exp osUm, bad he rsoch-
eat. But taw it W&en fnttifOgattdf-wnii* mtn# he (Al#e McFetant wonld
eloeelr «M tt look* llko a etood oftovt made an examination bntote nl*
fot and 4to tllhta In tko main tannol (owing tho men to ent*r th* mino.
appear*! hasy tt It omffloi with a 1 Mr, Htrebmtr. fn cro«M»iamlnatlo».
elotk Ha ako said It tht ooorte of laid great ttfoat on tbt proaampilvt
his taamituUkm that ko waa btditddtn. Iom of Umt wbkb moat toto reaoHoi
in tko twtfrttni fer ttvoral weeks as a and tbt tsptnat imposed upon tto
result of tnjnrltn rscsfvad. emupny mnmA by iMom wa#s earner*
Tto   ttxt   wttneto   wat  Thoowe ,aot being eagagad In prododng coal.
»•..«>».      •**'*     99**   %*    m*lt*     .im*-*.**'.*'**'*'        ■'*.*     *1  ■•*,     J     '«r       *    '       ,.    '■
-raaimrOTlrTiSr" isrg "proms, a propensity
that the government has found It necessary to check by taking over tbe
management ot most of the armament
places itself.
A Hundred Million in Profit
Food prices In England have risen
25 per cent, and over since the commencement of the war. Only 086,000
workers have received war advances,
while ahout 12.000,000 have received
no extra pay whatever. The total
profits ot some 300 Joint stock companies for the past twelve months
amo'ints to nearly $100,000,000.
Vet we hear very little about the big
monied fellows who have held up the
government and refused to consider
the claims of labor for Borne Increase
lu wages out of the Immense profits
derived from their graft
And tbe worst of it Is that some
people who ought to know better are
only too prone to believe all the misrepresentations tbat are made hy :m
Interested claaa In order to cover up
!;# ot*. n misdeeds.
And Canadian Union Men, Tea
Thousands of union men In Canada
have aUo enlisted for overseas service.
Hundred* hnvc heen supplied by the
trade union movement in Toronto,
and thousands of union mechanics are
now in RrltnJn, on tho way over, or
preparing to go, to turn out munitions
of war. while thousands are working
in shell factories turning out Uio pro*
duct here,
be-turned-over-to tlwfund.  AraefmanTfMTGs 01 getting something bMkj'.!aB^^^
Jackson volunteered "to give a shotgun
to be disposed ot in like manner. Inspector T. Williams waB appointed
treasurer. It is expected that the
campaign Instituted will realize enough
money to supply two machine guns to
be presented to the 54th K. and B. C.
IE. F.
that expectation is usually hated, on
the belief that territorial ac^UWott^jy1!
will facilitate the business--The Volct&aft,!
At Fernie Hospital, Wednesday, Juljr -;~,>;'
21st, to -Mr. and Mrs. F. G. Perry, *',
daughter.   Mother and child progressing favorably. „, ':. •
Vi*i*f I
It Is about time that organised labor
was getting a square deal, The Banner
The conciliation board is composed I doo* not hMltat* to 4*elar* emphatt'
of Mr. A. C. MoCandless, ex-president
of the board of trade, named by the
company; J. II. McVety, president of
the Trades and Ubor Council, named
by tbe employees, and Mr. Justice Macdonald. appointed by the Minister of
Labor at Ottawa. -Superintendent W.
V, Murrin and William Bavllle, chief
oi llie j»4> roll department, aro proeont-;
Ing the case for the B. C " " -"-"-
the street carmen's case
s<nted by Fred A. Hoover, business
a«ent of the Vancouver Union, assist-
calyl that the people who are ready to
believe the transparent lies tbat tbo
grafting Interests are trying to dis*
semlnate to shield their own wrongdoing, ought 10 be good and properly J
ashamed of themselves.   Before they I
believe such deliberate untruths they1
should try to e*t at th» ron! fact*.
Had orgsnlscd labor In Britain re-, .„,,„,
,;„B-. ",• J»2J? f««"l t<» »«P{*ort the govtnmtnf, if jthSi ',„ ,hP f!rtt
i is wing pr**- Un metnbtra hail d*w!lndl to <n!i»t; if tt,kH  „„.,. ,,1-.
••tl by Business Agent Yates for the itrita:
th-ey had nought to »mharraas the an
The letters now coming from the
front are sent in green envelopes with
the following on the front: "Note—Correspondence in this envelope need not
be censored reglmeutally. Tbe contents are liable to examination at the
base. The certificate on the flap must
be algned by the writer." On the flap
tbe sender signs his name only to this
sentence: "I certify on my honor that
tbe contents of this envelope refer to
nothing but private and family matters."
The following letter was received In
town from Dan Shearer who was form-
erly In the employ of the Fernie Industrial Co-operative Society and well-
known In the district. He was Ilvine
In Merritt at tbe outbreak of war and
Joined the first oonlinsr-ent with th*
result tliat he bas been in some of the
worst engagements but so far has been
one of the lucky ones,
Dominion Day.
"Bomewber* in Belgium."*
lH»ar Friend,—Vour   newsy    letter j
| reached me In due time, but it sure
i i**a *oin,i>n it* we, m* i hsivf *nut'ti
itlthwr two or «hr«* ietiew to you and *
pepp" I hav*> trot. Oh,!
blame it on the fMd post!
Ing the various factors that enter into Kew Westminster t'nlon of Street car- \ *t»ndpoin;
tho question at tssoe.
Consequent upon Mr. (Iraham alluding to evidence given by Fire IJo*s
Moore in the previous Inquiry, and In
view of thia witness now being out of
Ihe district, by consent it waa aawd
to accept as evidence that portion regarding hit actions In connection with
starting ih* fan duritta his ahlft on
both days prior to the day of the ex
ploofoo. This It doae In order to
pfamr »» * *t«ti»»»iit m.idi» hy llmreh-
mor eorlng hie argument rtlttlrt ta
wbot Moor* 4i4 and th* tlm* he <**«
on doty,
Inspector (Iraham In the eeoclotton
of hts argument charged <h# »»• n**-
ed as tho »gpo»e«We parties* whawaa
hoik HstrtlMOtv noo Stoenoll en-doovor-
ed to shift the onto opon aomibody
nan mvtm io. fauarraos to* »»• offlw mti ht it g0 8t lha,,
leu, the condition  of affairs in     ,„ "      _*,     , .
n and Kurope, from the oUlta*    ,llm>H /• *«' th* tt*** uf,1
point. »«oM N* well-nigh topt-j^i"^< l»i^* •/* ««>^
count il hae been pasted providing that
no immigrant other than the member
of a family shall he permitted to enter
Catuda betx-wo Manli i and Ottoinr
St unless tke potttsaor of at least ttk
The head of a family must have In his
uoi»4>taion IS* fer oacfc member of the i
family upwards of IA year* of at* *n4 -
•«li« for oach Momber under that ago. ■
Immigrants stoking to eater Canada
between November t and
February will
conditiona except tlmt the amount per
bead not
m****l mt ***** '    W**  *i\'**-*-i-
tii* iv •••;
tb* oid
•>„, (Rang in the Mre Hail h*> «Kwi enout'h
i'    i.i,., iu..-^. . ■«,.» n,,i       to say "Hello!" to them.    Vou say Mc
Th!*? ^^iLiTXLt ll A*   >»<»«»' ** «,i*l ckltf-doM fc* smokw
AiTt^AlZhitlV**rt.MnJ^Lti N«i» *•»*   The boys bw do era*,.
nled, and labor h»* a right to demandj,obawtl( mi ym haf# m w#tj, j,ow
' mu. h nt a t*U k im-U|< a mhitt *>t niwU
■OTTAWA,  Inly   if—An   order-in- a »,jii»r»» deal, and that fitll root tare of
e«!BBH»ii«I»it;on that l* Its Just dur.
Hail the firiUsb mantifaettiring ii«-
trrewts twe-n  OB#-half a*  loyal   aet
iHtfrtotir :,* hi- orgiintjted workers
imih in Britain and the ov#r<M*t Dom-
»>*>*#, *fc« '**? ti-n'A H -ifttt,; ivi*
*h*** to4nx than It now tt.—lnto.trnl
ity iser.
*gh»» a chap, sort of l*ak«*» the "jumt**"
;.twny, because this twuds Ilf<> ami lha
'lioasi,! Won*! of "Sin* Uiii »1i«.*i«* »nu»h-
jing and tearing every ib Ing It uwrhM
tinto »hreda day aft«»r 4ay. leila i*n the
j»»r»-rs ol **on «•»« »*ro«f*fs»-04tiJd««l
At*-, Thtrr"* u-,-y..,, * uiMtt '.*■'*',**t.
.;H«*wh! t»«w the Orrat l»md-** with a
»■•«--.. *..-——  fti»i)« on his face when * 'fst" has
•lie and ol      TJi'' rt'-t>l^r ****'*ttt of tb* Cminiy jbci-n put lu'taceu hi* -mUi b> a ujih-
am. ..ul*^,, #«ThJ^«»»r,J',t't &<*» li«**PU 1° eeeatou here *U»»'*.t*4*p, *ft«l I tan i*"»t x*m turn it thorn*
,«r fwnT.. «».AH«r.u»!'Thunder teat, His Honor .fudf^ Ftortn, ? who bt\n $ctn «itit,hlnis mnicrl.it J<n«-»
J #• iul«JTwin i* a*i tl »* S*l*m. t>r**i4m ootng to tko ab- okat a bl«s*l»g l» has l**» to tho
ry »!L**r* ■~"'.** *** ""i-wMi**--* ot Judo* TbonwutiMi. 1m*et t*4r* lw***- **** •» ■+** •«<■■ ♦* ■"*''• '«•■«-- •>»■<■■
j -.I*.'...***«      H-99^1      -.W.-1.***.      .^.-J*f**l'
1o4t* Tmt* ««W an*
tnmedtittlr vrior to tko etptotAm taieemo etmewbnt hmtmt ht+otmx wtt-
NonktmittM«itk|«eto ami* eomnei, witreopto Jmtft   --■-„. -^,   *«,,
mottitt' bim* hat.Votin iatcrpoasd oa otbtif of tkt **,.official atoaegnphtrs notet,aad otat-
araUMo moo m H tomb nm %m oitftnoaeo ami. eoooati, whtreoptft Jmtgo^mo ilrwtty titer t koto a cooy^ot ikoi**^.*,'* *Mumi w« » k*« wmt^ •kwrint »ho mit «f mm*th Mrtnty*
I * f ttoatiit' brook hat.Vorin tateneati oa hatutlf of the .
Miy tmflnyti bt tioloott. tfferttet IMt tko prottotlM
exception of
win kott""f^wnl1**"1 t* °»e ftrogalttg gtooral rootle.
M»*MMp  *•. ' ' ''
i» tj**itttt -xmtuioa.    tm trvwier por- -j mould »**• mor* than r*pat4 lor *b*'*
eompany for It yeara, and ta tkt htM-1 tko ecortw the fnlteet extent
inTa/imanJsoeoidaC-oofUfteatoS   At I o'clock A. Hereon still eo
of ooaipetoaey,   Ht, like Um pmoot-itho aland, was oakloetwl to aa mtdm-
mp udmm, ******iimnmtm.**mMmmmo*tpmim mmt.P..mmm *»_»»osnao
from Ortrnn W. Meftgaa to nwrtotate* tkat ikty f tto ftro boom) had
foTwortln the memtng shift of Jan. varteos tktaga to attend Ux la reply
lad, Hktft kt arrived • law mlsotts to a Qtettkm rtltuvt r ' *"—*
oast T am. and tkt only tndkotloiw abtettc*.McFexan tatd."
that anytedy wai stood wtt tkt fresh- wntfottM by the month.'
Ir brakea twB in tkt anow wkeeo tke lodged tttt no Joavo ol
•MMktdtifi.  H. MoetktnrtlMiigToatedMmeetkleXe
mm tlmt ttmnttm mm*** «m ko'i   '•> -tiota^tjufatasio.io^
aftor torr <•«*« coostdaration.        (lag to tHWtd employmsot tt  Ifiirm
*      ,      - {work* tad kaa tko moons of reocktng
! the itiaem pt *meb twptoyawMst; mr
*»* to**. *-*m immngrnott a m mm*.**,
f vs Barter and Hart.    This action tmt
'"•Jn« ■<■* ^
..,*,.. 4   it^t *:   i*.*t*i & '■
Bob's d«»th. may «nf
will either kill you or put you out ot
The boys you ask about are all OK
at this writing.
As au ovldcnc* of what a havoc hat
been worked on our company, out of
an original muster of 261 tbere are
only Tr, now to answer roll call.
A* to Oornimi, I don't think it will
he hard for a Scotchman, hut the
French language sure has me going.
Still, from present outlook It will be
some time before nc get Into Germany,
as the pn»w»nt rate of progress seems
to be about a standstill. However,
we are holding our own right enough,
but wbat the next move may be we
have not tb<* slightest Idea. One thing
sure, artillery la absolutely nereasary
In order to make an advance, that ts,
we mutt havo this arm of the service
to help, othrrwlsp thi» loswt »r*> greatly liwreancd.
We I), now, iuv* my <bf*t rospecta to
nil our mutual friends, and let's boar
from you In tbe near future.
Your* ninwrcly,
A moif, distressful accident occurred
ai f'oVn'rt on Priday -**<-»n ♦*>«> * fear
old son of Arthur llutehtnson had tke
mi.rort.iiic to Inflict such injuries upon
Mmsoif tbst In addition to sbatttring
.u„ ti:ni*'(9 *.,.'. a lliiiiikb l,*** «UI be
•iehtlos* th* treat of hi* da?«.
It iH'S-ear* th*t th* father who, some
umt' uro had W«m !>U*tlBg ttumps
had |.ls»«'ii th« d*tor.a'*nx .ape. tote,
• tt . h» be iltousrbt in % place eat of
tin* tliitAttiu'* may. but in mm* wny
not *.»«*« ih* you*K«M*«r. ditrint kin
motb-rr'* a^uMfnce on an crrtBd .Of
i,<-^:.!/.»r3> -ruun«'*;' tut ■* friend *bo It
in "b*> ho<plt»l, found * »l*t«oating etp
mil rutting off n piin-f ot tu** akotit
i-i* nit-it** Men, •Hmnpl'ffd to do wbit
ht* !;■;..! ■'•■<■;-. hi* da.iI> 4m. t'afortt*
»#t»-iy. in th* attempt to totwlate tke
.*rM»ii».if of hi* fath*r. th«t acetttent
•oiik i>l,u',»-* Hi- wan cunu>rtid to the
i,„»i.,ui i» *v.n*i* *'»u» *ti <M»pMtrh and
Jtihci •!)(• hr*t of nipdlrnl fi*atm«nt,
Nt wpoK *ijittttnftito« by fir, 'BoHOttl
* *.^ tnnmit ***»   »««.♦•» ■*■»* ^rr**   *»**»*««**H«
■3> 4«etn>v*d.
"frM'i 'fcf f-tM'tt- *k*M.-k Ur *to«» lt|M-
Iv than is ordinarily lh* can* with *M-
fiilir-crrjijii; ti»
Speaking of
0*4 "he h*i not ***<■ •♦•r'tto "*mt*i*t ^m^i,! **tfetmo tihe mottm.
bttwe*n our trta<kh and th* ftormans! —:—-—--—---—---•
whfn h* wa* struck wi'h thr fa«sl t»a! ' KNOX CMI.HCM. PgttHtt
"mo A €* «*te«tt eottttot nolle* of ^«Jj**^* EttKLSL ^
mm AiMMrfwtnt of Gmto T. WoIh«r, *♦»>'< ttfrico im ttt tot tMots or
S!UI5SK^?t^^ «*• Ptaeo ot tmb *«plo,.
nmeui Almlnlitrttor^for ikt tjiwie •*••__.   .    , .     t .
Bltrtonil Btsttkt. In tht place of-0«>-{ <c) Tkat tbo immtgraat, wketkor
aid O Moftatt. rwignod.
tasalt or female, tf one of tkt fottowtag t**tet* a Jodg* aai tnry tbey, tbo 4*- honor*
fdoeertpttoae. aoi ts fatat m retm* r*e4nm*. whr»fw-M frnfrm*i* i«nwm*-*   rti*.- •   n,-«i
ia'd."whrf» kttrtfftd I law mlm«es;ro a teemlon rtlaUre to • leore of
Joit t am. tni tkt only tndkotiows tkitaco.lf«^mnatld,-f g«wstto:wt
. of akoeaeo mat
  Am Toart Day,
f*ft U operation, at-1 mino to the ef-^feat sold, "Tk* aistom oo o*rt oorh-
fket tf tko wtlttlea apon Mt meetal tog eo tt wna heri to Wl wb*o ro rom*
fneOtllmn ha* mo *4*ar rm*m1t***tim wftfi ■ nn nnt to on off* ,    ._ . „.  ,     --
wk«m ho name f« «»*a*t opm onto.)   fAmmmmtSoPt gMW mtAmot. ajwfct wat hMnt at HSBera«  motm,Immm of'JZ*tMm too pint* of iaat> nnhipmt ikomtuoaot
wmm m mmm tm t>* \mm *»b10pAAm pt It tho wttaett|j.tyHtk. IMt. _„_ jittja <lS?*_»*W»»«J__.... 't* »f»?J*fs.*^^
%y:.:,i,i*i h Silt pliiluiiU for tko i«
*ev*ry off VAt.m, thn pwx*oda of Ihe
ts,!* of «w*tv* h*«d of cant*, garn-
■      1 .*.**,,    *r.ai.*r.>l-,.* *"•    ■ 1 ' *.'.,,,„,,   ",        .».*,*.»      .9.*, 9,
*fff Hafming «h# ttttlt a* being btr'i a»h*4 it h#"» »t1ha«iy kort"h.*\i<Hii4"'i
ptoprny, wbll* tko i*f*odaotj   *oa-'al s»***r, and tt *»« ■>■** *i th* «r***
<*«d*4 Mme to be tko i»r«f»*rty of I tion to atar twhind <« h*1p him    !!•'«-
plAlntiffa huoMnd, aad rrom nbom.f*rt<r. vk*n nlcht f*tl I w*nt ml *»4
h* th* Venn ot App*als rovorwiag tko bntogbt htm lo and h» *»t i*id '<* r**x -
*mmM tr! ao a-rtloa tried h*rm ttm fall' with tb* otber* *i*h 'V mn*1 mV.Hary
t r
i*-ta4a>, JmIi tb—tl an, "In f»-
tl*t. ■* INmsoss femr f-kmU". " St imp.,
"My  ltr«,h*r*s  Kwp*r"'   12,U pm,
*«»<!•* arbmi Vi**4ea*"titi, 7 St p.m.,
Vny*r m**iInt. fridaj 1 p.m, choir
practic*. You *r* cordially invited <o
oornbip *ttk na.   W, J   \t*f*ttnnrrt*.
%*£!^hS«kMI Am aaostioo br >t to 'tm omitpmlntt tm keatco tmt
Wr. Tflfaiam tf ko tmattui, wpiW la t uiemmt la tkt ■ttttr tf^rtworat of
tu afltiattttTS Atrttnttbrnm tbrno-inoeDm ttaaaeo. eapteotoi tko oota-
smiSm okititHa oAAb wn. m lh* It l*« m tb*P thrratlmniher
STiSSSti mm*pptm Mi«ttri«««llaofktfo«maleaailkMK. fw-
w*miiilnm\Um*wo*m U» tM-Um IkatkolfckM iooMMikloH. "Vam .immma H, pa tin-
mtmmmm.***»««*• ^^imu*«*>*«•■»••-•?«• »* «»
tmm n rtiaws ot Me oi Um foUowifig lao to oxer ILWKU*.    From tko mt-:*t*tybo4y m t'amta tn tetinit a bolt-' — — -
.—«■ jiOOTrtpUoasi ntole ablo aai wfTtlftg to 4»i-rr* a44m**4 1s »li* pr*as«t mm.'ta*, hex t*i,t -tn «i»h -i*r**t. bt-rt- *****     i*******-*-* .-t,%+ t^** », .».    ■ ..f-/.^-
ht latins, axi'.morr of fttarm Jfirtfn. ^import iw-h Hmxlnx*-*., *h4 U»» *'*»* *M»*r*rif. tm- ^laumttt* raisoi t« «wn- ** r.«* r^«tir«*' r»",s.t     n-»*#n*» *i  **it\-n*k tbt-} *an hmnt » Uo.tfr **n*um*i
-   - m-.. ....  nMtMmpttMtM,immr nai jt mat w# aw to g#*. !**»v*iiagt*»ii.   Ow^kalf tkttfc tfe#y cat best
•»* iitMiOMNl. ttetntr. a*4 *« »WI *nr* h* mm* r*  <k* d-vror k*s!f«f tko e>k Two-tWtrto
IMt wtrM It *«n t h*W*.
Thtrt'i tofllflwitrt but wtr.
HaiiaMpa, toil oai troakto
jso sbowwt wswtw r^s ■"*-
Wit* g«tog io koiteftl.
find gotag to parent.
nmhmr «r sitter going
*«•€ ,o*o*4mt*li th*ompon 40ttmtmW, if#f. *\*e it ht n* tm oalf a w**h. ao4 «f tk*m thtolr tb*r eon fi' *h* mfnfe-
rknd gotag to parent. amium* kMtiti»t#d tnnb*r pro****mm 1 tan Mi jot ttutt it it *on(f*rftti thn ,x.t im tb* bd* *npemm4tttn tk* aospsl.
to ftrt>'tit.taat tbt ptafntlfft hataaad, Ilafld, differ*n, * * tew day** *•»**' from tho aadalle#«h*mik»»l!*lww*»f. bmi t»#
-*»H»a, Kaa..
futthof qatrtei by Wr. Graham
wat aot	
loan* Utotkw-rf) opaa belof taAot
to tke   ' " " """"
and stick them tn
iw'fceataytMttkapatat,bat wkea tt*f i*^ws osftaalti
wtSl aot Wt y*» emmr ik*m tmt PeSJy ffcertillaa Coal
oot ttaSt tkat it sct*J tkot A tbo ponttea ttttm plteti ta.*lbwrr, tkl* tfloraeoa.
motA i*»to»w»i Pkt»»*
 ,   .. JWKI, lt»ttti tmt »-ltet i   m
your faealamn wat killed and another tnlwred to .ut
-sst inifkitilt Mt saloo No 3 of tb*l   1
"   ' Compaay,   ***r   M* - httasKtraat* btleaglng to a«f
ititlAytm, alio V»d I*** !» atUM-hut'* ,rJ',* */-4 »a**I  f=r* abme* to m
MAmt pmp to %mti4otmtl^'*t >h**ttat»a wttmmaele* tim e*^^^ *,-   *»rt»-" * i *   > ■ •*,   "-.
;wi is mdwtor *a latltfj tk* lil*w:*J   l-i ;* * ^»,t.** tatt th**-
"final gofag to toa or tanoh  ml tbo loitattat     Tm n*iM*4 In hi*' rmn* ar* mint *«r»*o«iro Wit
heint !»*•*#•» Into /!i*r«*Ir hv tbe nher-itf. tini timinc *h" Vi '.*■•'* tmu'..l • . *(..
Tkeoo rogttetloa* will aot tppir «■*■•> kot abertfy tkor*aft*r * *«<»»r **p**i ■ rttm ***> i%tt t%* *• i-t *%■$ «■* h'-at «v*
Ai;i'iC{»» tbo aia»o»t <*a»ft#*t* •« forth-jason »in<*4 ** »*** *r it-atml *%*>% Tfc#-*r
-twotnp. at.4 l.'t '.I-irj »*t rr#»*#-!     i*<*« *■• :•« r*$ * ».V *■' *'-y a>t >*: tit-.
mme .Mixfit rmmmo n pap*r-
"' : y.     ^\ .*.»•».*.
ib* timr*
\* 1*1,1 oVHtaAfan of hU brother
tfn*.i*r* l*>=*t- Ckaa. P. (fArtoo bnn
-■nemini^tTmi llw imttrmg tf bin m-
i sigMttum and wtfl coot-kM* to ba at-
!«•* *t*d ottk B Co. i«?di Roosawait, PAGE TWO
Published every Thursday evening at ita, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B.C. Subscription: §1.00
per year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
aedium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
bolor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
When we were nbout to go to press last Tlnirs-
da.v afternoon a telegram was received slitting thai,
the internment of the Germans and Austrians who
are held in the detention camp at the Skating Rink
had been legalized, although it was not originally
This is an acknowledgment in plain every-day
English of the truth ol! our contention that these
men were deprived of their freedom without due
process, and when an attempt was made under the
Habeas Corpus Act instituted by two of the interns as a test act, postponement of hearing was
asked for and obtained. In the interim the authorities realizing that a blunder had been made, rushed throng!) an Order-in-Council. June 28th, thereby
Miillifying any rights the detained men might possess under the Habeas Corpus Aet.
This procedure is indeed remarkable if these men
were innocent of any breach of the law in the first
place, and that they were is tacitly conceded, then
the attitude of the powers that bd with its retroactive consequences upset all preconceived notions of
what constitutes the difference between the jurisprudence of Great Britain and that of other countries- Instead of being regarded as innocent until
proven guilty of a breach of the law they are treated as guilty, although admittedly innocent, until
legislation has been enacted making their incarceration legal.
So far as the individuals most affected regard
Ihis action, we must confess that whilst, there ave
sonic who regard their detention as irksome, there
are many who, because of the existing depression.
to be ready to meet the emergency when it arises.
1 •■' as a result of a lengthy period without any conflagration taking place a suggestion were made
that, the staff be decreased, the probabilities are
the majority of the citizens in that
would consider the person suggesting a reduction
as lacking in business acumen.
The above illustration may he termed taking an
ounce of prevention to prevent a pound of cure,
and yet. that which is conceded to be a wise policy,
when community interests are invoWed, is deemed
otherwise when it is an individual or a corporation
looking to a reduction of expense to the lowest
figure, with its corresponding influence upon profits.
There is an old saying, "'A pitcher goes many
times to the well, but is broken at last," particularly applicable to the administration of many
gigantic undertakings. "With so many incidents
-Iran-spiring from time to time, one would naturally
think thnt these many lessons would teach those
most interested the disadvantages resulting from
the private ownership upon which the collectivity
depends for its existence. "We have read of disasters in shirtwaist factories where the victims were
burned to death as a result of the non-compliance
with laws on the Statute Books- . We have read
of fearful railroad accidents, where the casuality
lists have been largely increased bccausQ of the frail
material used in the construction of the coaches.
In fact, wherever we look throughout the whole
industrial world, calamities have happened, either-
because of the breach of statutory legislation, or the
ignoring of precaution for the safe-guarding of humanity.
This week we have attended an inquiry clearly
demonstrative of the methods that obtain when a
so-called economy is deemed of more importance
than the protection of human beings. During this
investigation the feature staring ,us in the face,
whilst listening to the evidence given by the various witnesses, was that whilst the blame may be
shouldered upon individuals, they were creatures
rather than creators of unfortunate circumstan -es.
Practically all of those who took the witness stind
acknowledged that had. the number of employees
From "Wright and Round's Brass Band
The Fernie Ooal CreeK Band, in British Columhia, -are in hot water, and
community they appeal to the B. B.N. for justification of their wisdom- in insisting
upon being a, good brass band on British lines rather then a "mi.vj'l" -juud «f
the type which N neither reed nor
brass— which is only a burlesque of
the real reed band—or' what is known
in this country as a military band.
The local paper hankers for a "mix-
ed band." The cutting sent to us do
not Indicate in what proportion they
propose to mix br how many reeds are
available for admixture with the brass,
and that is an all-important consideration.
We have travelled by easy stages
from Xew York to San Francisco, up
ihe coast to Vancouver, and thence
:ien>ss Canada so far as Quebec. We
heard scores of so-called military
bands and a few real ones. The latter
were all professional bands, such as
limes' Band and similar bands, unpaged in regular concert work. But this
instrumentation ot most of th? bands
we met would have amused us had
we .iot known that we in this
country have passed through the
same stage ourselves—and not so very
long ago. Thirty year? ago we had
hundreds of bands la this country who
aped the military band with a couple
of clarionets and a piccolo.
We have now passed out ot that
stage. The development of the brass
band and the examples ot brass, hand
playing given all over the kingdom
•by such bands as Besses, Kingston,
Wyke, Meltham, Dike, Ylnthwalte, and
scores of other contesting -brass bands
(we now speak of 30 years ago), and
many other hands later, shamed the
imitation military band out of existence. In many cases those so-called
military bands grated upon the players
themselves. They existed mainly because the people who supported them
affected to have a taste above brass,
and their superior, artistic souls- pined
for a military band. The local band
could not furnish a military band, but,
trying to satisfy influential patrons,
they, surrendered their discretion to
expediency and played up to the idlo-
ayncracles of Influential patrons. They
satisfied neither these nor themselves.
That was the case with hundreds, of
■bands here 30 years ago.
But when Besses, etc., "spread the
light" over iBrltaln people began to
say, "We never thought a brasa band
could play like that," and the local
bands, ln other parts of the kingdom
necessary to keep up the proper ventilation "been »e- out *? emulate the great * brass
,   ,, ,   , .... ,,      ,, ,,  bands of Lancashire and Yorkshire
employed, the probabdites are the disaster would
arc unable,to obtain steady employment, are well
pleased with the assurance of having food and shelter provided, and there nre several casps of individuals who have voluntarily requested that they be
interned. ■*>
Such instances, however, do not affect the moral
principle involved in the internment of these "alien
enemies." but it should fco emphasize the bankruptcy of the present administration of society's
nods so forcefully thnt even the most, purblind
apologist for the existing regime ought to bo eon-
*\m.'*p,l that there must bc "something rotten in the
state cf Denmark" when men willing and nble to
perform useful functions are compelled t.i forego
their "freedom" rather than bo subject to privation.
have been averted.
Our object in calling attention to this matter is
not to censure any individual, but rather to point
out that so long as production is carried on for
profit, and the well-being of individuals made subordinate thereto, so long must we expect to hix* 3
these recurring catastit>jdies, with their board of
inquiry, whose only effect rato make the contributing factor suffer whilst the real cause—the Profit
System, with aTl its'attendant evils continues.
A parallel han been drawn between the optimist
and the pewdumt in which the former hcck tho
doughnut whilst the latter only observes the hole.
Ah ft further explanation of thc difference between
these two it may he remarked that the optimist post-
stage* th*' doughnut and the pessimist has only the
hole to look at.
Recently the press throughout Canada reported
Vice-President Bury of the C.P.R. as sending ont a
iiiiwtt inspiring and optimistic message because of
th«* anticipated phenomenal crop to be harvested
"European governments are doing many things
they never did before—in England, for example,
running the railroads, insuring vessels, taking
power, to assume control of all factories; iu Ger-
many taking over the grain trade, fixing prices
on some commodities, prescribing whnt sort of
broad shall be baked; in France, commandeering
certain industrial works. Hut these things nre
not socialistic.
''There is nothing necessarily in thc least socialistic, for insttmee, in government ownership of
railroads. The government owns the railroads;
but who owns the government? In Russia the
bureaui'Bcy owns it; and the twenty-odd thousand
miles nf railroad, title to which the Russian government holds, nre no more instruments of socialism than the Czar'* bodyguard is- The Prussian
■Government owns all the railroads in the state
and vitrioiiN other utilities; but—under the merest
sham of a popular franchise that render* the votes
of the masses largely nugatory—there is no taint
of Micialisui in that ownership.
Socialism without democracy is a contradiction
in terms; and in France and Kngland, we know,
war has made government less democratic than
it was before,"
The above cutting from the Saturday Evening
Besses and Dike have been to Canada—--we saw plentiful traces of their
influence there—but we conclude, from
the tone of the remarks in the local
paper, that they were not heard in
We have many readers in Canada,
and we have seen similar opposition to
brass hand in other places there where
a highly trained brass band had not
•been heard. One mllltla bandmaster
in Canada tola us: "I went to bear
Besses because I had argued with an
English friend that a brass band could
■nnl-tnngalhlv   nlny  Ilia  miia-lw  .tiaxr  r,rn.
 — **«  -> •• -——» ■ V -——*,— —*———---■ .*»w*, r——-
keener competition to hold his place,
and the demands made on his -capacity
are /proportionately greater. There
are some other very fine Army bands,
tut they, rarely number less than 40.
They- tnge engagements for 20 or 25
men,' biggin, that case they are only
aiskeletfja' of the real band, and would
not be^tgl-arated except for their regimental prestige.
But outside of the Army bands there
are comparatively few proper reed
bands in this, country. The brass
•bands must outnumber the "mixed"
bands, even such as they are, by 50 to
The Fernie writer was misinformed
when*, he said that tliey are not eight
to one. The Fernie Band were over-
moderate when they said the proportion of "brass bands to "mixed" bands
here is 8 to 1. Probably they looked
back a long way, and only at the southern countries, and do not know of the
great changes which have taken place
in the few districts where "mixed"
bands were once fairly numerous, possibly In a majority.
Take the South of England (the
"mixed'.' .band naturally flourished most
lu districts containing garrison towns,
through which Army clarinettists got
Into touch with civilian bands). Scores
of "mixed" bands have been converted
Into brass. The proportion of 'brass
to reed bands enrolled iu the two
Southern (Band Associations is evidence of the greater preponderance of
the brass band today.
What brought this about? Discovery
of the fact that the purely -brass band,
treated as a brass band, playing music
arranged for a purely brass band, is
Infinitely more effective, musically,
than a combination of brass and reed
in which the latter are hopelessly outnumbered and over-weighted. But .a
brass band can only be effective hy
playing brass band arrangements. The
brass band may well in that case
utilize any clarionet players who are
available; most brass band arrangements make provision for them by
adding ad lib, clarionet) parts. But
unless there are sufficient clarinet^
to divide into parts, say seven or eight
clarionets, they wtlldo well to -play-
from the cornet parts, with such slight
modifications as the bandmaster may
mark on their copies, such as octavlng
an occasional passage or resting them
in cornet solo sections.
•But for sucn a band, whose reeds dre
quite disproportionate to the brass, to
play arrangements (however excellent)
which have been prepared for a complete and numerous family of reed instruments is very unsatisfactory. As
an illustration -we may quote from a
letter just received from another British Columbia band. It is dated May
8th last: "The people are surprised at
tbe progress made by our hand, but
the hand members know the credit
really belongs to your music." We
apologize for quoting the last- -words
literally. What happened was that
this Jband turned from a military arrangement to a braBS band arrangement, which was far more effective for
their instrumentation.
'The -Femle paper refers to a "Mar-
ing brass band." That is why we feel
sure that when -Besses and Dike toured Canada neither of them got out to
Make a Corner
Collect the Cushion
Coyer Coupons wltH
every <&fricUt Package
Those Flies
are dangerous as well as
troublesome. It is better to
keep them out than to kill
them after they are in.
We have
Beware of
Sold on the
\\r*t-   *>*      ■*••>*>      \ i.
Merits of
Screen Doors
In All Standard Sizes from
$1.50 to $2.75
25c. to 60c,
Wire Screen Cloth
grammed, and I went with him in order
to rub in my contention. But tbe first
piece was a revelation to me. I would
bave stayad there all night if they had
kept on playing."
Here, now,. we have ceased to be
astonished, because we have hundreds
of hands playing similarly in all parts
of'the country, with Blight variations
In degree of cleverness. But wben
Besses and Dike and the rent first
vent to Scotland, to South Wales, to
the .Midlands, the South, and the West
of England, they were up against the
same prejudice, and they conquered
In the samo way.
We are not arguing that a brass
hand Is superior to a properly constituted and equally capable military
band-—it Is not even equal. It would
be folly to maintain tbat a -part li
greater than the whole.
But what ts a whole? It is a band
In which the reed family Is complete
and in numbers sufficient to balance
against the brasa. We have compart*
tlvely few suoh bands ta this country.
The best authorities maintain that in
s properly constituted band the reeds
should approximate to the proportion
or two reeds to one brass. As the
brass family moet be complete, and
proportioned, the brass cannot well be
ffitter than about IB, asiuoiing that
each individual is a fully competent
I'p.yer. If they are not, then a few
more are needed. To balance that
brunn section, and to play music fro*
P«rly arranged for'a military band, we
should need twice as many reede—to
stretch the point as far an we ean Well
reduce them to 10. Tbere art few
such bands In this country outside ef
the Army bands, and even theso do
not all eome up to thst standard ot
Instrumentation. Jf we except « few
professions! season bands—• very few
irernre: T&errinrennrpinffiutfruiir
do blare; we hope the Fernie Band
does not, hut, If it does, adding reeds
to lt will not cancel the blare. There
are also "mixed" bands that blare. We
have hoard them both here and In Canada. The ones does not -blare because It is a brass band, br the other
because It is a mixed band. The reason In both cases ts that they ere not
well trained; that Is a state open to
amendment in either case.
(The completion ot this Interesting
article will appear in next week's District Ledger.)
this year.    Naturally, in view of the need for fnr-
t.'sliing transportation facilities ami tlw company, j hist should serve as an enlightenment for many jjj^^«*w»on*toipwkof Inelviltan
uii..in Mi1, limy in employed, |io*«m*»-*uik ibe; wbo eiinfuee -Governmentownership with Jwo-ialiwo, j   when brass and military bands art
mn couchs ?sj&7,v$?j
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Onr Ooode^Orocertte. Boots Md
Bboet, Dents' Furnishings
We Arc Ready to Scratch
oft yog* bill any item of lumber not
found Just as we represented.  Thew
Is no hocus pocus in
This Luqtber Business
When you want spruce we do not
•end you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip ia s
tot ot culls. Those who buy onoe from
us always eome again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumbet
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, thlnglss, lash and
Doers. SPECIALTIES-Mouldings,
Turnings. Brackets, and Detail Work
OPMCB AND VARD-MaPhtrtan ave.
Opposite O. N. Depot P.O. Boa It,
Phone M.
Hardware and Furniture
'Phone 37
E.« Pf
Full   supply  of  following
for an appetising 'meal to*
cKooie from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's' break,
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone SS Weed Street
A. Macnell 8. Banwell
Barristers, Solicitors, Notaries Ite.
Offices!   Ground Piter, Bank ef
Hamilton  Building Pernie, B. O.
/   M
P. C. Lawe.
Alex. I, Plshsr
Femle, A tt*
Waldorf Hotel
MffcS. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
w.m*i\ l)i'»|ienk« fur the corporation on opportunity
hy reason of the traffic lo lie carried of joyfulnesn
at the future outlook-    Thi* marvellous crop should
and the whole story is tontained in tht* one sen-
being compared we have often heard
.,-,„ . .i        .,      i     •   .  enmnartson made between such bands
tome, "The government own* the railroad*; lrat|M rodent, Hesses. Dike. Wlagatee,
who owns thc government?"     It matters not If!*i>rt«>** Abow.m^ooi theGrenadier
, .iii.ii.* -    * •>. <!• *      _ ; or «.oiaatr»am Hoards Banda.   To take
imtler a uuw sy-Htnn gladden the heart* of every ui-,«very tudnatry were placed under government own- jn,*. latter «s representative of Army
dividual, and yet we are confronted with a state of! inbip with the wage system an it now obtains, still *"J* ■ '» Hdteatous: to compare Uww
,,.,,. «...«» H       # vt   i '.* nt      *■ •      *       tii   ,..,. (with ihe bands we ha »e named iit*e»
affair* fU-iirly demonstrating that regardless of Na. tn vogne, there would be nothing«fa real Hoeialistie more so.   On the basis of St men and
tuiv\ bounteous handiwork, that Ihroiiffhotit th,> nature aliout it, but in its *t*fad n atate «*iipitiiliinn,!*S,!!?n^!15!*ti<**a?£5#*^lS,i?,l^"LSr1^1*
.     .t       t ,      %.t    * .t    *    * .* ii    u*  ., 11       i i   i  i .* --w*r 'itwtiln Hanoi whlrh It probably
b nixtli ii u.l hivudth of tlie land then' are now. jui.I, uiili llu- workuiK •'hum -Mituple bilotN. jour (meat Army ban tli wtll naaber *4
I .-..bttbly uftrr this harvest is aarnered. dnrin? (I»», |», u„, mmiu 0f many who haw never given the■ jKlJJf hTearti eiw Sao'ialits^U
* imiiii x\ '.iiU-i; tin nnuibern. <>f lum-sfry men, wnweu: ,Mi,j,.,.t ii,Mr,. tlinti Ibe mere-st eiirtory study, tbetv 1P'"* by spwisi merit. Bat. waa tor
mid rbih!r*n will be iii.reaned. jU n *»nfii*lwi of interpretation between tlw-frar^jJJSjyjyy^^^
UV il- not blame mttt of the type of Vlee-lVe^t-f "government ownership" and "wdleeiive «wn§f«?brass^ bead. **• »eese»t raffle* tej
ilrni Mm. Imm-miii* of llu- uptiiolsui Ihey display.) nhip," Its tbe former eaae it »taml* for a •wan;fj^eia«rb»M,|»ndr*7^1^|i« *
bnt in th.ir *nn* th^.v nm "the doughnut" whi'-t?ttwtip deriving benefits, in return for lillle effortCj^
th- iho.ixuidH of nnfi-0-tuuati'-*. witling to do u^futj j.ut forth, with the ma**enjtaged in jirnduftiou and;
U-W. an-- iu-i».'ludifd ft'iiiii *,, doing, liHiw i'n,n < n!y! distribution wli lint ivciMviug only sufflWwMl renum-
««... -••*■*<» h.*,ltt " U?Ntbm it* *»ni»hh» lh#>m to olitniri lhe wherewithal to*
* wuVe thew *ffVient <i»mmnditv t»wwln*»e*r«. whilst in ■
WRSBI THE I&AI BLAME UM s!he lntt«t *nn*. "enlleetlve ownership." tbe whole\
t «■* f hiiim»m -a***h*iy. speakinf feweraHy.. would reeeive f Rt
Kr»m tone lo time there are investigation*, com-j from "wtrty remuneration or reward enmmiwnnitej   »
•.. .„■.*»".,.<   'i-n.i ii*l*rtr trt-nff^***.*  -ttrmrrbi****' mUk th** ■**»*%i**.** rendered, and hi Ihi* oiaoiwr ■e*Mi»»** Wt
f«.r lift-.!, appointed tor Ibe p«rfto»« of aseertainittf \ pMrtjr aboiUh parawtwni-   In short, ai the "fW"|^jJJ
the e«me» of aeriilenta.ami usually Ihe net wnill it-.** "dearly puH il. "Nut'aliam withonl demoetaey;mi
Ih. i!f«-hargt of some individual npon othm ibe i   a rmttmlirtion in terms." ji»T
WluUt we tin mil deny J - —-*-—-- -*_*.---,-, I***
Bar supplied with the bast Wlnea
t^quon and C%«r»
Mohh a to Carlt
List of Locals District 18
Sprntal Rm§ Bo«4 u* Roam fcjr tt« litdi or oomb
80s. ft Vpitfis
AMffitB IIib Wmm
9t<9v • wfBifii
W„*-..,.. i,,i,i^,^,mmmi* v't ttii«'i,iviivia mmitvawmmmimtmameammtmitiama
*H#>I 1.1 'in'I Im'9,t99~**^ ■— *** * ** -    '     *- -   '*   *-  '       .....   -     •
• o'oooo* *n nbboo
See. end P.O.
Jnmm Burke. Dot tt. ItmUame, Alu
. *im*-*iimtMatt, tiiaiiMiie. Attn.
* -l.'-IP. amMWtm*, ■
t'aassere .
blame mar be fattened
that the human equation mint always be a faetor,     The prvaent war eatised many of tnt Koeiaiivt amlinft.
nevertbeie-Ma *«arehing *n*ly*t* into lb* vml vptmhTrade l'nioni»t leaden in Mm iMlhgerent <^«ntr»i*jiMt
^if,!...^  ift-xA-t*       )8.*tfu*~>fni*> ha*  t,-\ },'i-i,*, thf-"r "hrthrtf'' if "■•-imil
t *.*.i9 . i
Mtn*l mf Ihem «-?!!' VAt
taught u« that in aii »arf« industrial undertaking* rwover when the world* im«.»i horrible tragedy tej *JJJ
|Jw*e- '». rt* f-ver pr***nt i»!«w# eowjiefilwm, aetual - ^t am »m\
t*l by - .Mn t« |Mmd»« |wfit or dividend*, witb,'
!}„■ j-T"** "»v',',n *t Iif* *wd limit* a m*m*t*r* tmtmtl->
" ffnf if irnr ;« hi infinite fo ttflh*t lh* irwM wbe»-<-W
«h^«j»*»*b*. .   \no
Fhiet.^H* fvtfy mmwmoity whkli omMtto'-orot * few men want ii. the worM must moot, itaelf i^
Aotit «»».• r.u» mmuh \o pontes* a fire «tepartment | f <■ *«i-»> d«-gre^ of brnlality »« if hn* n,*t yet Aoml j t«g;
twgnit** n r*rtain number of men whose duty it t» to rtottemplatr.
JHH^lH    tp^m^^pJ^^m   gm^h^mMim     Atom*
AmmW-wA^mp   mmWMmWtWB-WlWn wVHHHHi  Alu^
....... x tx Tbtabafc. Bat ttf, cssaaart. JAto.
tameonn* ■*•*  ■w^W^^^^Wj ^^-\mm^-^.^-mn   Mw
Cor Ma.  W. Iljr uda. CorWa, B.C.
Chtoeok Mites P. Bwaastea, Chiat^t Mlaea. Cewaewe. AU.
rWBt>*»*•**•**#•*•••**• •TtbOft* UfWttil* rWw<^ A* C
m^^-tmmt gyiA AAm^^mm   11^^*^   Atmm *
Iffltoftsit Hae* Btigier, Hunerest, AMa
-ji ^m^^^9^m ^  u^^u^^^^ i^*-***-^ *t* a^em^aimm-m  aa*.
nammmrtmwe............. an, rw**-^wm, i^ps sa, nwtmmtaom* ani.
tmmpmmmm GaKibmsbwn,.. Jftnafc RnvtesftMOk. -Omamntm. Mtm.
mte^mw^^^^w ^^itp^*   "^»*^^ ■ w'' ■* ■■ • ^v p^wwtiipff a* ^w* w ™*^*np^^^^^*^^l ^*t^^^tim*wi^atm*tmp •^mwmm%nm
WAom^b* fLjtAbE *C   *£&   t&*u*ugA^*K
''WWm^m Hi^pi*■ * * * * * * * ie * ** *■ # a*, w p^bifppp^
T^ |4nf» irnth w thit war «* hrtiiail »wt«in*-^ atHl'tl»4   IU*il.... ........... M«tef« Bmrto MIAA A CL
' .... / ■'■ mm       mt^^m _ mm    fm     Pt^km^^    •tt^^^lM
* a *m *e * »  ■ # IwW BlWnrWBli WmmmmWWmJ%
*****.** o%* BTBCfPWIWf   iwPP|)f mMoA*
.....Jaa B«wsh«r. Nerdagt, via Btekf SfesuitaU
IM000   44MM«flMt«M«8M»%l«l4fSltt.W«l9««iB.
I7M00 toAmmi, Atmmroi HoAto, tot tt x 110, Ftnk Am-
An. Tnw: 9100 cub; b«lti«i atrnt
pmOM Tmntmmmmm%m,mt*rAonmAtPilmtv
Bftpt&t Ottatek. tteiBf:  ftrt eggfc ptyniwl; ftiMiif<i
yj00.00_ S-coojwd modttu, tfoudJSawbiul Ansae.  Block 33
j^^^^r^  jj. .j. iu^ -j—.* -^ ~9 i— _ mmmm   _        m ea mmmmmnm
^mP^^Pr-^OrPO        wb ww ^mm^p^^I^'NI----^-  M^p^^w^^t^ p^^ppm   ^^^^n    m ^m^^^pp^^m   mmw^m^m^ia^p* ww www
pWM loi •> i U9, ll««k *, Vtaiari* AwBBa.
• A* .iiii JmBI Jt rt KiaWL
m.€ aoint rot ftHNIt
*** a      9w*mm»m*m*
is ^ jsto—whi<jRwiw t«mmt* t •»!»->■«
** ■*•*!* i   'ptm-fytji      «•   'enji WSCXyAti
i' ;av • *:
Wills, Title Peeds,%jMortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuable
in one of these boxes
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
Imperial Bank of Canada
• • Capital Paid Up. .$7,00b,000       Reserve Fund ... .$7,000,000
"'. PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Pree.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
A. M. OWEN Manager
>■'■•.. \'Tl
CHARTfR • Op*f
Head Office, .Toronto James Mason, General Manager
Branches and connections'throughout Canadi
A deposit of One Dollar opens a savings account with the
..Home Bank-     The account may be added to by deposits of
.further large or small amounts and Full Compound Interest
?lhwill be paid at highest bauk rate. '' u
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
FERNIE :-: :-: :-:        "B. 0.
<►♦♦ ♦
The regular meeting of Local 431
convened as usual, with a good crowd
Correspondence.—From  Local  1058
giving the reasons (asked for) why the
office of vice-president should be abolished.    .The reasons given .briefly are:
Tightness of money and seeing that all
other business institutions had made
curtailment of expenses, it was up;* to
us to fall in line.     Further, tha|   it
would   leave   three   salaried ''officials
and the sub-District Board Member in
the field to run our business.   Whilst
appreciaiing;$ie curtailment suggested
and the absolute necessity for retrench,
ment, we could not altogether fall in
line with their idea, but selected a committee consisting of the local officers
and Board Member Christie to meet a
ecmiftittee from Local 1058 to present
something tangible to the membership.
A circular from tho District QHisurs
advising the suspension'of the District
Ledger for an indefinite perict or until
rhat prosperity wave strides us, d's
not meet with the approval   of   this
local, as we %re of the opiiiou that
tp.cre has. been   enough    daatr-iotioii
caused already to our organisation, aud
as tnat is the only paper we have. to.
layf our ideas beforo the general pub-
li-:'fiom timo to time, and wheeas it
•Is easier to destroy those banefUs tbat
we already possess than to reconstruct,
them  after a  prolonged   suspension,
aad morepver, we are'of the opinion
that if a more energetic policy is pursued there Is no need of the Distriot
Ledger being such a drag on our District Treasury.   'Further, w-e are prepared to contribute our mites to meet
any deficiency that might occur even
with  the  strictest attention to business, and' we trust that each Looal's
views on the matter will be listened to,
or better still, a referendum, vote will
be taken of the membership of District
18 before the-paper is'suspended.
We were also in receipt of a circular
from Messrs. Bennett and.-Newnham
who, under certain -conditions, would
undertake to publish the Ledger for
twelve months,'but as stated above we
are of the opinion that we cannot afford to make a change of that nature.
vice-President Graham, through a circular intimated -his failure to make one
of our disputes good when he met our
general manager. The result is that
ire dispute bas gone a little higher on
our arbitration tree.
Reports of Committees,—The Ite'lef
Committee reported that on Tuosday
next they wtll .be able to make an issue of relief to our idle members on
the basis of $5.00, $2.00 and 91.00 which
will again empty our treasury and will
in no wtoe relieve the acuteness of the
situation as It is felt here. Secretary
Ilurke waa again instructed to draw
the government's attention to our deplorable plight.
The Pit Committee reported having
done considerable business with the
officials of the company, the chief item
being a change-In tbe method of work
a grown up family to mourn M^loss.
Pte: Alex. Derbyshire of tlie'13th C.
M- R., attended the funeral of his father last Friday.
The debate on the Liquor Act in the
Opera House last Thursday evening
was well att.epded, but/tbe arguments
used on bottiVfides bifife been turned
over times without.number by'the av-
erageJman on the street corner.
A .jheeting of the Angling Club was
held-in the Grand Union Hotel on Wednesday evening, G. Clare presiding,
when the following donated prizes: 'Mr.
Goodeve, for the heaviest speckled
trout; Mr. Hill, for the heaviest bull
trout; Jlr. Clare for the best six speckl.
ed trout, and Mr. Eastwood for the
twelve best speckled trout Lake fish
The competitions are only open to
members and close on the* 16th August.
Competitors ■ must have their fish
weighed at Goodeve's Hardware Store,
where record of same wil] be made.
Miss Mushkat addressed a meeting
held under the auspices of the Alberta
Temperance and Moral Reform League
in the Opera House on Sunday evening,
"" .Mr. Murray presiding.     Her sub-
travels in the country districts on behalf of the Prohibition cause during
the last few weeks, after which the
proceedings closed by singing the National Aathem.
ject was "Drunkenness and Poverty.
Some of her remarks did not seem to
please, as quite a number of those present showed their disapproval by leaving the meeting.
Thomas Burns and Mabel Jaa were
united in marriage on Saturday evening in the Institutional Church, Rev.
Mr. Murray officiating. Congratulations, Tommy.
Albert Golusck met with a slight accident whilst employed driving u motor
in the Xo. 2 seam of the International
Coal and Coke Co.'s -Mines on Saturday morning. He was at once conveyed to the Miners' Hospital and attended to by Dr, Ross.
A smoker was held in the Eagles'
Hall on Saturday evening. Judging
by the crowd present the "drys" are
hopelessly outnumbered in this camp.
The International Coal Co's mines
worked four days last week, while the
McGillivray Co.'s mines worked three
Coleman Local held a meeting on
Sunday last when the doctor question
was under discussion. Nothing definite js settled as yet, however.
#TPBELGIUM had more
population and more
industries per square mile,
ana its people drank more
beer per capita than any
other nation in the world.
You want Canada to b6-
,t       » .   '.  , ,.U,'. I    • I    >   .
cornea greater and more
prosperous country.
A i
Ppn't pyerjopk ai}y bets.
Drink good beer. We
make it.
•   t
A farewell smoker was held in the
Miners' Hall on Wednesday last in
honor of Capt. Wright who has ibeen
spending a few days at his home here
from Sarcee Camp. The doctor returned on Thursday, and was accompanied to Calgary by Mrs. Wright and
son, and hia mother, who has been staying with Mrs. Wright. Tbe miners'
band again went to the station and
sent him off to the strains of music.
The Captain thinks it will be his last
trip to Taber -before' leaving for the
Pte. James Bateman is also a visitor
from the camp at the home of hit
parents here for a few daya.
News hae been received from Victor
 .Brown, who left Taber* with the first
which was Inaugurated laat_geak_l^lp-nn.tiiiSAnt.,rif-g^Rtera-^^r-fu-tfr
[The purpose, it was claimed, of getting
cleaner coal aa the district affected
Is troubled with a bad roof.   That area
has been stopped, which affects some
thirty men.
New business brought forth a strong
protest against President Phillips and
Board Member Rees for tho length ot
time thht has elapsed without any settlement ibeing arrived at relative to
the aew conditions that have found
their way into our present agreement
governing gangways. One or both of
the above-mentioned officers' presence
at our next regular or* special meeting
will be appreciated.
Brother Cobbart nas elected to the
office of vice-president, Brother 'Levitt
filling the duties of secretary owing to
Brother Burke being Indisposed.
The Prohibition battle wages fast
and furious in these parts Just now.
The Worker's HaU -was on Monday
night packed to Its capacity to hold
tbe crowd Interested ln the proposed
measure. Mr. Fisher being the first
speaaer, dealt at some length with the
causes that led up to the present Prohibition controvert)!', and-the effect It
would bave on Uie wages ot the workers If It became law owing to the swelling of the already overlooked labor
market, which means a larger supply
then demand with the natural ttll tn
wages. With these, among other rea<:
sons too numerous to enumerate in]
these columns, Mr- Fisher advised the
workers to vote in the negat!v»,
Miss Muehkat followed Fisher with
a similar line of argument ob thj cause
ot drink feat differed entirely on the
effect It would have If It became law,
8ie then commenced to Inform the audience that whatever fisher hsd tatd
he had aald on hie own responsibility,
as he hid been expsUed from that
aim* body, the 8. l» of C Things
•t Ihis stage commenced to ham. Nut
Mm Rarteyeefn ' at tkU Jmnftwr*
made bla appearance and soothed those
who were susceptible to his charms.
The Bellerue mlnot .were Mie on
election day ani the tart were closed
daring polling boors.
Dorn—To ibe Rev, Mr and Mr* Cook,
a daughter, tw July 1Mb. Tbe father
stye It is a strennoes Job raising a
family, i
The Lindsay aad Newton families
are on • tra day ftsblng trip at the
Xorth -Pork.
At the recent meeting of the.-Mia
ing Institute of Scotland papers on the |
subject of equipment and maintenance
of rescue brigades were submitted by
■Mr. .Henry..Briggs and Mr. Michael McCormack.     The latter said it was not
practicable to assume that a team, ot
rescuers were always capable of carrying separate emergency apparatus with
them for the purpose of assisting men
who may be imprisoned inbye, or of,
guarding against the possibility of a j
breakdown  in  the  self-contained   apparatus which the resellers were wearing.     It was only necessary to consider what equipment was essential for
the members of the brigade—namely:
ro see that a stretcher, saw, hammer,
axe, nails, and  cords  were provided.
These, with the Apparatus that they
were wearing, the electric lamps and,
if possible, safety lamps, were sufficient for any brigade to carry under
the conditions prevalent after an explosion.     At the same  time  it  was
necessary in the interests of safety to
have some means whereby it was possible to bring out any man who might
be alive, ami also of guarding against
the failure of the wearer of the self-
contained   apparatus,  or  of his  nia-
chintj in an irrespirable atmosphere.
As a. result of some experiments it had
been found possible to affix to    tha
modified -Meco apparatuus an attachment which enabled a man    to   ibe
brought out and at the same time gave
a member of a rescue party a chance
in the event of 'the breakdown of his
instrument.     The weight of the attachment in final working form would
be 2*-/, lbs., and it could be fixed to
any instrument which provided a constant supply of two litres of oxygen per
minute.     The attachment worked in
parallel   with  the  apparatus  proper.
This was by no means the first time
that tubeB had been attached to rescue
apparatus ln order to succour a second
person, but Mr. McCormick believed
that this parallel working was new.
As was well known, the Meco apparatus gave an oxygen supply of at least
two litres of pure oxygen per minute,
and it had an air circulation of 50 to
60 litres per minute.     To prove the
practicability of  the  attachment re-
isrence .might >be made to vr. Haldane's
first  report  to  the  Doncaster Coal-
owners' Gob-fire Research Committee,
where he stated that the amount of
oxygen required for a man to walk at
the rate of two miles per hour was
0.78 litre per minute, and the air circulation was 1S.6 litres per minute.   If
it were assumed, then, that two men
were wearing an apparatus and an attachment, and the speed was not more
than two miles per hour, the oxygen
required would be 1.S6 litres per minute, the carbon dioxide given off would
be 1.324 litres per minute, and the circulation of air 37.2 litres per minute.
It -would seem from these figures that
there was a fair margin of safety.—
Science and Art of Mining.     	
front, that he has been wounded and
is now in hospital. The newa was In
the form of a post card, and does not
state whether serious or not.
The boy scouts returned from camp
near tbe river on Saturday.
Rex Walton from the Canada West
office staff, with.his wife and child,
left Taber for Salt Lake -City, where
they will reside tn future;
Wm. Thomas has left Taber this
week for pastures new.
'Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Henderson returned to Taber on Thursday last from
Saskatchewan, where they have spent
the last few months.
About 50 people from Taber took in
tbe excursion to the Experimental
Farm, Lethbridge, on Thursday, where
they were entertained by the superintendent. 'Mr. Fairfield.
The gardens here are looking fine
Just now. New potatoes, turnips, etc.,
are now In, order. By the way, there
are also some fine crops ot mustard
around town.
Bd, Brown and J. J. Walton are appointed deputy returning officers to
take oharge of the polling booth in
town, when the plebiscite on the Liquor
Act is taken this week.
We hear all kinds of debates these
days, everyope on tbe streets seems to
be discussing the merit or dementi of
the new act.
We bave bad an opportunity tbls
week end of hearing prominent speakers on both sides or the question of
the new Liquor Act.
Mr. C A. Windle, of Chicago, editor
of the Iconoclast, spoke against the
net to a crowded audience lu the Hex,
Theatre on Saturday evening. When)
III* wart potted announcing this meeting, Mr. Windle was challenged to a
debate by tbe Prohibition party, wbo
secured Mr. Ben Spenee, of Toronto,
n» their chnnrplon. When the speik-
ers arrived on the clternoon lrain a
n»ppt.!ng oi ft -t«vwh*.!tt«« of berth pat-
tie* was held In the Council Chamber*
under the presidency of the Mayor, -Mr,
Malo, to arrange tfculle tor the evening tooting. No debate eould be arranged, however, but Mr. 8pen<« was
allowed i** minutes to address the
meeting to precast tbe temperance tide, „,„„,,,„. n* Wm.-niiv»
of the quest!**. l» the theatre <Mr, j •* ^'N* of »M»«nu» ■»
Malo took the chair at • little after S
and introduced the speakers, titer
which Mr. Windle spoke for the flrot
V> minutes,     Before going on with
Int..onwaUgs In tht "FlylnsA" Photos lay
At the Orpheum, beginning Aug. 2nd,
Has  Relieved  More Cases of
Stomach,   Liver,  Blood,
Kidney and Skin Trouble
Than Any Other Medicine
Made From   The   Juices   of   Apples,
Oranges, Figs and Prunes Combined
With Tonics and Antiseptics.
"Fruit-a-tives" means health. In
years to come, peoplo will look back to
tho discover}' of 'Fruit-a-tives' nnd
wonder how they ever managed to get
along without these wonderful tablets,
mode from /mil juices,
"FRUIT-A-TIVES" is excellent for
Indigestion, Dyspepsia and Sour
Stomach. 'Fruit-a-tives' is the only
certain remedy that will correct chronic
Constipation and Liver trouble.
'Fruit-a-tives' is the greatest Kidney
Kemedy in tho world and many people
have testified to its value in severe cases
of Rheumatism,, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Pain in ihe Back, Impure Blood,
Headaches, Neuralgia, Pimples, Blotches
and other Skin Troubles,
"FltUIT-A-TIVES" has been one
of the great successes of the century
and the sales are enormous, both in
Canada and the United States. 50c. a
box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.   At all
Directory of Fraternal
Meet every Wednesday evening at
8 o'clock in K. P. Hall.
Noble -Grand—J. PEARSON'
Secretary—J. McNICHOLAS:
Meet first and third Thursday in
month, atJ5 p.m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble Grand—A. BIGGS.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30 p.m.
K. P. Hall, Victoria Avenue:
K. of S—D. J. BLACK,
Lady Terrace Lodge, No. 224, meets
in the K. P. Hall second and fourth
Friday of each month at 8 p.m.
\V. M.—'Mrs. J. BROOKS.
Secretary—Mrs.   JANE  TIM MINGS
Meets every Monday at 7.30 p.m., In
K. P. Hall.-
Dictator—.!. SWEENEY,
Secretary—G. MOSES.
140^lowland Ave.
.Meet at  Aielio's  Hall  second  and
third .Mondays fn each month.
Secretary—J. M. WOODS.
Box 657, Fernie.
dealers, or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
$I0C Reward, $100.
Tbe readers at this paper will be pleased ttt test*
that there Is at feast one dreaded disease that Jeleoot
baa been able to cute In all Its sups, sod that IS
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is the only poslUvt
cure now known to the medical fraternity. Cauirh
being a constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment, nail's Catarrh Cure la taken Internally, acting directly upon the Mood and mucous
surfaces o( tbe system, thereby destroying Uie
foundation of the disease, and giving tbe patient
strength by building up the constitution and assisting nature In doing Its work. The proprietors bave
so much faith In ita curative powers that Ihey Oder
One Hundred Dollars for any case that It falls to
cure.   Sendtfor list ot teiUmonlals.
Address F. J. CHKS'EY & CO.. Toledo, O.
Sold by all Druggists. J5c
Take Hall's Family Pills tor constitution.
__*        & Loggers'
. .For'fnany jfears'tfie Stahd
ard  heavy boots and shoes
Shoe dealers, miners, loggers,
farmer*—all who know good
heavy boots—have universally
acknowledged       LECKIE;
BOOT8 as the BEST THAT-f
The LECKIE reputation
stands behind every LECKIE
shoe whether It Is the heavy
boot or the gentleman's street
walking shoe. Ewery LECKIE
8hoe is made of HONEST leather—HONEST workmanship
—HONE8T material through,
Your dealer will bo glad to
and 8HOE8.    Ask him today.
Ma* i* British Columbia
Tbe argument ot the whiskey advocate* ts that the por capita oonstimp*
tton of Boo*e In Cnnada Is only 111.30,
or 4o. Mob per dn}'. But tn that estimate tho hundreds ol thousand* who
io not drlnlt 4t all the wouh.i . ml
chllilten—Is lost, leaving a much groat*
er consumption for those who do dr.nit.
And out of that 4 cents about 3 rent*
voe* Into the po.iket of the bar own*.*
and the other cent to the workingmen. i j
Ciliary V-aws-Tel-wom. Q
(There you have H—8 cents profit M
ont. of I      Ttis> ard#tt»  Pns.hiWM'.in.tH'"
lot** sight of the fart that-thin rule)
applies with equal force to other Industries, heme we !i,tv«t the mil* of
unemployment,   child   tabor,   sweat
shops, atoms, prwfvntafele accidents, 	
prostitution,   white   »i«v#r>',   strike*, > rnvsumauL...
lockouts, militarism and all the other
,»■!      I    *        '.tt      *     *,'      *   >       n     t - • ■ -i    ',     '•I;
GUS  RADLAND,   Proprietor
AreYou Going to Europe ?
fu •* ■ Cnnl >?t.rrtuTn \pni1 lir run iirrnTijjf ;-i.u.r nifl
" ant! fctwamtJiSp booking over nny Iim- yom wish to !m*r)
ek-Mrl? ontl quWtly. nuernffer twin for ntHi line fare*
Pernie 10.90 am. HiHtafer trom mitt line arrival 9J0 turn.
Twin <1hfljr oxttml ftmtdftjr*.   We roimrnt witli O.N.P.8,8.
1 •       i   v    *>t 1   i*   - ** 1*    -*~        »    ii     ,-»      1
am) San Fmndbeo for th* Pair.
W« Mlieft yonr BXPRKS8
•*] FREIGHT htmomo to all
Bqpmi Dtltr«7 tm Ottj Itm
i. JL OOLE, Afnt, ttormo
^^^^^^^ bm m ntmt in
In vtesr of the tart thst certain lm- '<
profemeits h*w> bwn rwently made
the subject nwiir diacuMten ii"* mn\\* ,h* ,!!!If?^,M1^„R,,"^,, Wi'
an esptanethm reptmnt ihe refit* J«' " raH,M t*r\t*bm •', *£*■***
wbleb had I**.. clrc«i»««t abowt tk.«'f a> '»"••• pmvbmnty «r»Hi«l in
prorinre ebnrnm Mm with pr*f$eM ^ ,,,.r8!!!r ta L*kV ,*,,,ort ™m>t
_ m«man sentiment. a»4 thkh chatvee kail I »***»»<*»«» wfcnehy Um may W
m +'pm\-mi*4btmtrmmta'U*eo**orl9titmm* tkoWMghlr   inform**)  rt>mr4tot
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦|In   som*   pine*.     The eRptanatkm|'** ■•• * '** t*1** f"*     m «*
Tbr«#afk ef tonenh Derhi-shlt* tr <-m*"""* mtlnnrtMj, »n4 thet* was »*,*'n**„'*' '*1'"! <J"* t^^"*^ ""*-
.JStSrVmSSSZ j^lKLffa itflstarhaaee thmegkoat the mmtini. aa I rmttottf nmwewwi io !«*# their rum
\fftm?!oot^lii^^ at th# ..periaiendent's offtcea at
two 7mm     iSe Am^mSbJSro t wl»hi4»ew»ea*. *,-, tmmm other wSns, j t!»*» * •*** an4 MW*i     4'l-«~ MM
r^^^tJ^akl^iStrt£e!««»^ »•! Hiim ta more lat*.iiIg^f«f^^7,tM««f ^ Aug«t inj at the
S^iS^lSJff vXkM\Hmm toliow*4 mm la a SS minaieJ«»•**«*>
■guiu-m-MlBgBB^^ y 'a leet. nfme-w-W** P* WMli» ***** W*    1>'4   *v>*»«H-n*   "v*   •*<-■■-   «■.•*■».■■•   *»***
irnrna aOOrma*.   Mr. WiaHi* la aa ,»».*.t■*•*•»* »H» inn* |*»*r*> st tbt* trrtt***it
Iter ot ne mean aMIJt), antf he fcuwMwd j«» »"«•*»> night.   .\.t «f.. .mm urh  *
(ami chwer manawr. j —«_ * ._
1    A» Mr. §motoomn a<it Ntm* itm en     utetf report a from Aliwrta Uvp the
►*"i*»* Wf ml r*i4*timt! it* *b** m44r** * '.-..... * •
Ptraam* t»*-M» m* %->** .i.«..
■   tRi'iSAtHKHiAAiif*
went  twrno
takes el
Art, tb»r#fotw the "lirys"
mft^me* Ab^ih.  Ajm ap  ^^^^mmm m^ .tm—■
^mm ot w^nsw iwcvm,
.mtmomtAt^^m    &jg**^|K*^^H    *^^^
tm itf W0tt mmtttxm ujHtwtiia*,
tua pSa 'tm mmtiitSm
^*"X txmm mppmttet. m too mm mtn aaottNT 1 tke IJa'or
^m i let wklek »a» e'gala ptmVtot orer fcr
the Mayor, nnt Mr. V*lrtatf. a yeweg
f^thbndge lawyer, gave a good. «otia4.
•eaaikle ntttnm, *a»«»r;a* tke erge-i ignug agmgi mopm iHpMUfHIfk
asMMe ef Mr. WltMte ot the yewelews ni| fill Alv |MW1K
fatwi-tag,   Meat, Ma eeethlwf
eeeMa*..     .At torn ■ cwiwiafawwaMwt et
lb* «wi8» tee ftnt-rmm. mnt»4 any-;    rm*anww***memi*tk*atmm ******
mm rrpmenUeo   ttm  oppotHttm   m'^^-pS^taSlr   ^^^^ ^^
he girvn mwtl time mm rmakmr 1«4
ho paflttt fttslth Sf t-*tt%lf t*tant* XltaA.
W-ttwarii es ttatram^ om. PPto
\, when sleiwguiis*ilieila*
otrtttm nyPmm pjmw llm
momAmtmmo mtotm mmtLiZmSlia.^T'J^J*imJf**^ 1(i»iMiM"
Elg'g'Jg'g'LH*, g! g .¥!"** 1 wpalar rflee «r *iehate, hm am omibanttblm t4Mnm,
Mt nmmi   tw! •   ■ 1    1Pm**mtr*n o*r*am*w*mt, #lrmn"'a AmtA '
A Pair of Shoes
M. Thompson Co,
mmm, m.
jppnmptm      m AtPMLo     -OP BMigkgk     *omm m x bmmwbaJUaa' hank.nmna*.tlut-U-tl pimaa.,      * : ' * *:'-.- - ■■*•-*—-
%jF*%?2P$pFn^o£ -m
I rtah nwntr«kar wa idwaM take; Ut -I
'-: ***** aa^aamt^^a ppM amm* aa& tamam* ma*a ||
' rt^y«wlii*4»t»ttinw»<-'rt-«'**c»-«H**i»Wl*1 "
naat-tm tvapmAa trntt+ralmO i|
Part*. ttaw'ttmmbmwPmiOrnt*.'
You hav© the whole of our Soloot
ond Up-to-date Stook to ohooto from
Ot COST PRICE for tho noxt f4d*y»»
t  *
; x
'ft I fl'-.
% -
■ * *
. a
■■J ■*,
i '*
I *;'''
h ■
.">   "H " Ts
*a»-     .. . . ■
Dry Goods
New Gingham
Just arrived  ft  nice assortment  of -Anderson's
f.unous Ginghams.    These eome in neat cheeks and
stripes.     Fast washing colors.
Special  20c. yard
Silk Special
20-lueti Chiffon Taffeta, very soft and dura hie,
will not cut.    Suitable for ladies' waists and underskirts.   A big selection of pretty pastel shados to
select from.
Extra Special 35c- yard
Pretty Organdies
These eome in a nice even weave and pretty floral
effects. Make ;dainty cool waists and dresses for
tho hot weather.    Regular 20c. yard.
Special 15c. yard
Ladies' Gloves
Extra well finished and have two dome fasteners.
These come in silk lisle, cashmere and chamoisettc,
in all shades of grey, tan, beaver, also black, white
and chamois.
Special    25c. pair
Boot & Shoe Department
Seasonable Footwear        •
Ladies white and Tan Canvas bxfords and pumps,
leather sole and heel. Regular values $1.50 and
Special for Saturday 95c. pair
Ladies' Patent Colt Button or lace style, high
shoes, with sand or khaki colored cloth tops, reshaped heels-     Regular value $4.50.
Special for Saturday $3.75 pair
Men's Footwear
lien's white Canvas, high or low cut, shoes, good
easy comfortable shoes for warm weather.   Regular
values $2.00 and $2.50.
Special while they last $1.00 pair
Ladies' Ready -
to- Wear
Men's Ready-to-Wear
Hats $1.95
Our full range of Hats up as high as $8.50 for
$1-95.     In the lot are medium and large shapes in
light and dark colors.
Special $1.95
Children's Dresses $1.00
Children's AVash Dresses at a great reduction.
Dresses selling regular for $1.75 to $2.50; sizes i
to 14.
Special Sale   $1.00
Corset Covers, 75c.
Corset Covers, made of fine muslin, neatly trimmed with embroidery and lace; others in all-over
embroidery. Values as high as $1.75, for 75 cents-
AVe have a full range of new styles in white duck
and drill, trimmed with contrasting colors or plain
white. Also the new Norfolk styles, with the military cut.     Prices from $1.00 to $1.85.
A Real
lien's Felt Hats, comprising well-known makes in
high-grade fur felt, in up-to-date blocks, will be on
sale in our lien's Department at half price. Be sure
you see these,
While they last, children's Knitted Sweater Coats
for ages 2, 4 and 6 years,
will be on sale Saturday at
25c, each
See these in the Men's
Clothing Department
Boy's one. piece Bathing
Suit at 50c- each.
lien's two-piece Bathing
Suit, at 65c. each.
All sizes in stock,
Bulk Cocoanut;;jpep lb-.. i m 25
Lowney> CreamlDhocolates, per lb 30
Chase & Sanborn Coffee, 1 lb. tin. 40
New Ontario Cheese, per lb     .25
Kooteuay Gooseberry Jam, 5 lb. tin ....     .75
Kootenay Jam, 5 lb. tin  ; 75
Sherriff? Jelly Powder, 4 for 25
Lard, pure, 5 lb. pail 80
Heinz Pork and Beans, medium size, 2 for ..    .35
Heinz Tomato Soup, small 10
Siam Rice, 4 lbs ', 25
White Rose Toilet Soap, 6.for 25
II. P. Sauce, per bottle .20
Table Salt, per sack  05
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lbs. 75
Early June Peas, 6 tins 55
Prospector Tomatoes, 3's, 2 for     .25
Okanagan Cabbage, per lb. ...     .02%
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb 30
Do not fail to visit our Provision Department on
the Grocery Floor. It is well stocked with Cooked
Meats, there is no need sweltering over a fire preparing your Sunday dinner, let us supply it for you.
Cold Roast Shoulder Pork, per lb ....    .35
Cold Roast Ham, per lb.     .40
Cold Premium Boiled Ham, per lb. 40
Cold Empire Boiled Ham, per lb 35
Cold Tongue, per lb 40
Pork Pies, 3 for /,.' 25
Sliced Pea Ileal Bacon, per lb 28
Sliced Premium. Bacon, per lb :." 35
Sliced Premium Ham, per lb- 28
Selected Eggs, per dozen 35
A Full Supply of Fresh Salt Fish Daily
The Store of
Money Sav-
New Order-in-Council Made Public in
Supreme Court Chambers—Counsel
for the Crown Springs Bis Surprlie
—Order Provide! for Oetentlon of
Enemy Alien* in Detention Camps.
An Order-in-Council was passed by
the Dominion executive council at Ot-
town on June 26 last providing tor the
detention of all Austrians, Germans
and subjects ot any other enemy nation in detention canvpa in Canada,
The order-ln-councll bas not been published in tbe Gazette, and apparently
wai done as a formality to oft-set the
application mode to the supreme court
ot British Columbia for the release
from custody la tbo detention camp at
Fernie of two Austrians wbo thought
they were unfairly held.
Mr. Justice Macdonald in supreme
court chambers this morning Intimated
it seemed possible that the application
started on bebalf of the Austrians had
been the reason for tbe passage of the
new order, and was really tbe result
of the Initiative ot Clarence Darling,
who liy thc court proceedings -brought
the mutter before the governmental notice.
Thu fact thut there in much un order-
In-coiincll ln existence same as a surprise to the court and the lawyers. It
»as produced after thc hearing on behalf of the Austrians ahd proceeded ut
.-cm '.c-ngth, b'j .V I', Union, K, **'.,
who represented the minister of Justice. Various autliorhlcrt which Mr,
iJail.im ilfiil tn-ti: fX.u:ti> la .',**' \)iiinl
ifi favor of his clients had been submitted, and the salient facts read. The
proclamation of the ttominlon government giving protection to tho alien en-
emlea residing in the Dominion hurt
been offpre.fi a* the very reason tor
their detention at Fernie should lw
eo»sl<i«r«4 Illegal, when Mr. Luiton.
lug's instrumentality that the government had become aware.ot the necessity for a new proclamation, and
thought bim entitled to $100 costs, and
so ordered.—Victoria Times, July 15.
bavlnr ll^ti-m-d to it all, informed tin1 ,
court that there was a later order in-1    KllM on mirfac*
Second Quarter, 1915
Compiled by Thomas Graham, Chief
Inspector of Mines
The reports received from the DlBtrlct Inspectors of Mines and from the
operating companies show that there
were twenty-three persons Wiled In
and about the coal mines of the Province during the second quarter of the
The total number of men killed In
and about tbo cool mines of Brltllsb
Columbia for the second quarter of
the calendar year 1915. was 23;for the
corresponding period ot 1914,1,
Number of men killed in ant about
tie (cal mi*.* of Brs'.ah trcluaibi for
the First Six months ot the year 1915,
1.1; for the corresponding period of
1914, 8,
Number of men killed ror tbe first
alx months in and about coal mines In
II, -C. and colliery where accident occurred: Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.,
Coal Creek, 1: Pacific Coast Coal Mlnet, Ltd., South Wellington, 19; Cana-
■.'.'.an Colll-nl-** -jrHitwrnuirl, M., Cum-
berland, 3; Western Fuel Co., Nanaimo,
Number of men killed in and about
the coal mines of British Columbia for
the first ais months of 1616, with tie
fatalities classified aw>rdlng to ritw:
Killed underground—By falls of co,!!,
1: By mine cars and haulage, 1; by
asphyxiation In mine ,ga**», 1: by
drowning, 19; by mn explosion, 28.
| Total, it,
Ily miiie < .«r* and
council     Thi* surprised Mr. Darling, 1 hnut»g*. I    Total, 1.
who »n!*l it had not been published In 1       Metal Mint Fatalities in B. C.
ihe Uai«tte, nor had lit* been advised ,    Tlm report* received from the Dis-
of it by the deportment,    lie aald he|irl«i In*p**tora of Mines and from the
wrtntit v*ry much ttlti* in «*>*» ll 'op**-Milne wimp*files shirs' that there
Mr. Union then took the onler from i were alx persons killed in and about
hi* \i\M* pnfh**, and passed tt across -thi* «n>t»l mines of tbe Province dur-
to Mr. Darling, who reid tt to tbftjtng the second quarter of the year,
♦wilt. f   fotal number nf men killed In and
la effect it provide*, that beranse of | about the metal mines of British Col-
th* possibility of danger among enemy; wmbia for the second quarter of the
alien* *e4 tbe U'ritttb subjects w Iio i Year*, 18HS, t; c\>rr«»por.<ilng period ot
migfct bo at work together In mines I! 9 u, 9.
nun mi tttmmt iahi«i.ui.i «w *..■»*»****, .*, t utauae* m **■* ******** >««* «.< *i~-
•r f.i, i.flrri* ••••(* iVr,» ■>*•,(. «Vf<* i"tt '-n,'-,, - r.T VAU"}) rV'Vw.Vs ?n» «V T'»"
••wtea thall b* taken caw or at rh«t«i» nwnthi of t»!5. g; cnrrespondlnit
public exp#Rt#. it motpltes that by j period of 1»I4, M.
itii-m et fpi-tibH* hmtM'if **"»<.'« ml-' Ni»*Wr *f m<m klH-fn! Is *»4 nbemiit
inosity, rioting night occur, life lw en-J the nwtal mints of Itrttlth Colombia
danuered    and    property    destroyed, j for th*» first alt nwnntha of HIS and
fiett* ii*,.* art w ftt nr wnr nr1.*- rtti.-tt*e : ittt, Ttt alt* 1*1 **,/! win* wbara Hi* *rt-U
for th* nmeeontty et •tmrattng or 4o*
tainlng the alien enemies to maintain
pMC#. and tht minister therefore r»-
rwnmeods that lm may be authorised
to control or detain at will.
With this fact In Its prntetnim tb«
court tonsMered th*re was no om fn
jiw'-»'.**<f?n*# with tb* npvllr-itlrin  ftn*
<tent owfltrredr Owiywit, yttthte Mate,
I; Itoiindary, Oranby, 2; W. Kootenay.
War Baale, I; West Kootenay, Queen
Mtnt, 1; VaRMHi*tr, Britannia, I; W.
Kootenay. U Roi, 1; Doundary. Gold
Drop, !.
Number of men killed ln and shout
tb* m*tn1 min*. of tW»lsh Columbia
thtr, m tht new pro-dan** Hon o.erjfor the first six months of 1!»1&. with
mted the imndaiimtio'tt on which Mr.lfatalWe* dasatftod aiwotdinf to rant*.
Ilartiag prtnrtpatljr relied It was; htt'mi uitil<-»ntwM->->l. U. Ui\ ui
rncvgllMd hy AT. Darting before he .around. I; hy picking or drilling lute
he-fa** nwat* ot tbe »»* or4*r thM 1 unexpioded powder, f; hy falling Into
even should be net a relonm tor thcjchuties, rutiM, nUte-t, *u.. 3. To-Ul. 7.
two men ft* revrtmmml, tb*y might he I Killed on Pnrttttei fly being b-K with
•gain arrested by the authority of a J a flying roe* from a shot, 1,
mm pro*Hnanatimi. ', ~— -— ■—
■TU *i.^k*UU«i iLnv, U-uwx. i 'I'm I Tt-i *.i*o? Sirit"f f1tnt «n FVfrfir, .We
tMNa of «•«**. Mr, Dnritng ciaimtaf»Sard, timn «1U he * awtfe-era' meeting
cost* for three tpptittnn-cet and trips In th* ba#e«H»nt of the ICwo* -Thurt*,
to Victoria, trom Vancouver, He asked >' 5.S0. ft will be the !,t*t mating
11* f*r «««-i. Hi* I**-jdth!|t t?««ki*rti«4 «fttt1 «*s<.*emhtr Knarfhotf torn*
thai p»t«fMy it was through lir. Darl<I*nd share it th* enfoywtni.
The regular meeting of the city
council took place last Thursday evening, all the members being present.
Aldermen Graham, Brooks, Jackson,
Mar sham and the Mayor will be a
court of revision for the purpose of
hearing complaints against the special
sidewalk assessments aa made by the
Assessor and Engineer pursuant to
the conditiona of By-law No. 153. The
court wilt meet on Tuesday, Augutt 3,
at 8 p.m. in the council chamber.
The city engineer reported that Island Road was ln good condition, hard
and dry on account ot SO loads of ashes
being put there last winter.
The rates by-law and the discount
by-law were finally passed. The tax
rate lt 84 mills, The last day for discount will be Nov, 1.
The city haa $464:), debentures to
sell. These will be offered to local
people who may dealre to purchase,
in 1300 debentures at 92, interest at
5-V-i per cent.
A court of revision will be held on
Aug. 3, for the purpose ot hearing complaints agalnat the special assessments
made for sidewalks in the Annex. The
City Clerk delres to call attention to
tbe following figures: Tbe sidewalk
was constructed at a cost of 5"c. per
foot in the case of lots abutting directly on the work. Owners of inside lots
who receive a certain amount of benefit where the sidewalk runs across one
end of the block will pay at the rate
,tii i(t.:,(.i:. nur tool tmuUtw, ,uitl uwi-crs
'of Inside lots who receive a certain amount Of benefit where the sidewalk
runs across both end<* of Ute block wtll
pay «t the rate of 33 12-IOCo. per foot
Parties who desire to pay the whole
amount of their assessment will pay
th«< above amounts only if paid before
the end of the ytmr, That Is for a -M
foot lot in the first case 134.20; in the
second case 19.94, and In the third ca»c
|1i».RT, In full settlement, tf the pay.
1 ments ar* spread over six years ih*
xnniiai amounts under the instalment
plan are: ttt one* $?04 tw-r vear: 2nd
case, 12,04 per yeur; 3rd case, 14.0*9
! per jftwif,
, Nottcta arc*b*!i6g awlU-i toi»y to
all parties conc*rn#d and the aperlat
,i»sc*».ment roll is ready for intper-
, tion. Anyone who desires more infor-
fm.i«lon tt Invited to call »» the city
In connection with the above side-
i walk »*ae**aient we are awh-oftsed to
I state that debentures to the amount
jot t*,*44.*y are lot •***. !«*•« «*•
■ Vi*!i*'.it( ;• I.Kir V* i.<-f iMr!* '-.''ti.H
'and ar* redeemable in sit years, and
twill b* issued In tH** denominations
,'«5th the erotjpilhm cf oa* for ftSi.W*.
Th* opinion haa httn expratMd thtt
Ith*** might h* taken up in th* city
'•<».* »*-,♦  **  nt-wwt-rtfilfr  -he  elret* tn
[rtttmftt to takn advantage of a perfect-
ly safe lnveatm«nL    Th* Council has
; decided to advertise these debentures
atlMperllM.   At this price the in-
I terest earned over the six year period
wil lb* wore that ? per mnt.    Any
| person hiving nMMy to Invest tn this
Iwttf In fi4r1n*4 to writ* at onr* tn tbe
• City Clerk stating how mnny tehaa-
! tares they ar* *pr*i>ared to take.
From Kernie Local 17, S.P. of C.
Dave Iteea	
Collection at C. Creek meeting
Collection at Michel meeting.,
Georgetown Local, Max; Hutter
Proceeds of May 1st dance ....
Collection at .Pernie meetings..
8. D. P. of Pernie .......,'...
J. B. Smith .v	
Otto .Anderson 	
Wm. Dickenson	
Martin  Peterson  	
Pet Droatln	
A Friend ,*
A Friend, B 	
A, Friend, <},...	
A Friend, O. ,,,
A Friend, F	
Mrs. G.
A Friend
A Friend. M. 	
W.  Watkln   .......
I.eo Werta	
A. Rocka .,,,	
Carl Olaon	
Victor Suppln .,;,..
Wr. Shephard	
T. Halle	
H. Pnraon  ,
A, Frcxar	
P. MoJak  .,..
8. Verludo ,.......,
J. lialgham ........
•V Co'.ipe	
John Fredrlkion ...
W. A. Rdlund	
Jots .Smltuer ,	
Joe Conatantlno ...
C. Jacob! .*.	
H. Sllwarto	
Nik Hourglongnon ,,
J.   Wiiger   ,.,,,,,,,
Mick Fillon	
-lo» Mogilka 	
John  Mogilka .....
Carl Carlson 	
Angt'lo (la»el« ....
Maurice Constantino
Tom lieroiets 	
I,  Hont singer .....
Victor post	
w pirn	
0   it	
Jl. Xappadr 	
Joe WosIcsm 	
Vl. Cftttttna  	
M, ftitolyk 	
a. oo
i. 00
♦ •*♦♦♦♦♦
Total Income 1U4.05.
.. * vauvt, **M ta** ..,.,,..... . «a.ve
T*mT,"-ririrMittnn find e»xie-t>-«e« *♦
'Mtenm ...,«,.,..  ».,,,»••# ggtuv
Transportation to Rossland ... 12.00
Rttf#flfii«« In Fertile    it,**
Transportation Beat  |,M
Transportation tnd exptnaes to
V*t!fWTrer         ft .04
Postagn stamps ..............    l.in
Minute Book Vt
Saturday laat waa pay day up here.
The local flyer wat filled to ita utmost
capacity by residents taking in the
alghta that Fernie offers.
Dave Shanks, Hilly iMoFegan and
Alex McFegan were visitors up here
during tbe. week-end, having been summoned on the D. North explosion Inquiry.
Owing to the motor car belonging to
.Mr. {luckless, of Greenwood, being in
Fernie undergoing repairs, the kiddles
were disappointed of their motor trip
to Fernie on 8unday latt.
Dr. Moore, of Fernie, wai officiating
up here on Tuesday In place of Dr.
Burnett, who was away from camp on
One of our residents ls in receipt
of an "iron Crow," received from hia
son who Is "somewhere In France."
Truly It is tome souvenir of the present conflict In Kurope.
The stork paid a visit to the home
of Mr. and Mrs. Bert Booth, leaving a
fine daughter to gladden the hearts ot
the parents.
D. F. Markland and IL Johnstone
were elected trustee and auditor ret-
pectlvoly for Coal Creek schools at thn
ratepayers' meeting held her thia
The local "plerrota" are putting In
some strenuous practice for the forth,
coming display on Augutt 4th.
Th* local Dramatic Society ar* re-
hearting for a grand entertainment to
be held in tho near future.
An lc* cream social wat held at tbe
Presbyterian Church on Tuesday even-
Ing, which was well attended. Thn
exchequer was enhanced considerably
thereby. The Ladiea' Aid desire to
thank all who assisted.
As matters of vital Importance will
be discussed at the next aeaalon of the
LO.O.M, nil "Moose" are requested to
gttend K. of P. Hall on Mondny next.
The vegetable plots around here art
showing th# results of Ao gammer
weather prevailing thn laat fow diyt.
The exterior ot th* Power Hoot* in
undergoing a renovating process.
Quit* a terge number of now arrivals are st*n dally In this oamp seek-
Ing work,
i low
'   At Natal on the I Ith June, aorrel
.hone with white fa™ and throe white
[t**t, about n hands high and weighs
.about htm pounds; nine yean old;
,bmt,4 ""x" on Sett foro afc«ftM<*. Wan
'-wi*f hmtrlnw not 1* mtrmlltml *m41-
I tion. * When teat Mtn wa* Accompanied hy another larger hers*, dark hi?
Iwlth while on Its ahaolder*". I» reward for tntonmmn leading to Ita ro-
j cover? by C. W. Read*. Natal. AC.
Turned over to Fernie Local
No. tt, 8. P. of C.    U.M
1134 M
Certified correct.
T. nUUtilm
Conrad* T Connor held IS «w«t-
Tom Orovtf of the M*ehanfcal Drat
ot th* Own'* Xe*t deal Co, had wt
mlattwtnmm tm rtnah th* tnd** fimr*T
of hit fen land irfcittt at work with
Ui* thaper Hi th* tMchltt shop teat
week. Fortunately no hones wero
broh*n. and wal*** rompttcatio-M arts*
he will toon he bach to wwti.
lit tUMM HnHji^r
thn tto wbote eoontnr !■ trib*
mmmn tmrtm mm ttm wn IUV
tot te wtmdttfcd twswstv ol *»onr...BSt-»
' -W.^^   ^E I^lAAX^^A       A^^^^^P ^f^m^^n^
pStrn*miSS3t m^mmmmmm
„ W^ffgHffc—Amtm
•••^* ^p ^^* wW^W^pBVWP*!^
•lomNiNc auou»t tm
•   By Chas. Q. Percival, M.D.
Dr. L. Duncan Bulkiey, head ot the
New York Skin, and Cancer Hospital,
Second Avenue and 19th Street, of
whom Superintendent Charles II.
Grlnwhaw of the Roosevelt Hospital,
says Dr. Bulkeley is one ot the best
skin and cancer specialists in the
country, claims that cancer lt usually
caused by Improper eating and drinking. It can be treated by eliminating
meat, alcohol, coffee and tea from tibe
diet, and probably would disappear as
a disease in a generation or eo if a
vegetarian diet nnd the simple life
were the rule among civilised people.
Surgery can only remove the results
ot tbe disease, and does not touch
the cause.
The excettlve consumption of meat
is without doubt to blame for much
of America's disease. Many leading
medical authorities blame an excettlve meat diet tor thn great prevalence of cancer In the United Statei
whero each person disposes of 172
pounds of meat a year.
In Italy, where tbe per capita con.
sumption of meet la tmallest, the
death rate from cancer It also the
lowest. The consumption of meat
per capita in this country hat reached
the enormout rate ot 172 pounds, and
in the latt five years cancer deatht
have heen Increaaed seven or eight
per cent. ProcttcaHy thc same conclusion! can he drawn from the use
ot coffee, tea and alcohol.
"Cancer it a dlscaae of clvllita-
tion," say* Dr. Bulkiey, "It wat unknown among primitive people. It
is increasing the world over with a
mortality of 90 per cent, ot those af.
fected. In tbe United States the mor-
tallty Is at the rate of 10,000 a year.
In New York City alone tbere are
twelve deatht dally from thia 'great
red plngue.' Hitherto cancer has
been regarded almost wholly from
ita surgical atpectt, hat relatively lit-
tie importance has be*n paid to the
medical atpectt, Now growths havt
hetii removed hy the knife, X-ray and
radium, hut there haa beta no attempt
to rocalate th* living conditions of tb*
patient and hit diet la order to pro*
vent n recurrent malignant growth.
"Cancer mortality Is lowest when
conditions of life aro hardest and
greatest where wealth and lelinre <vx-
t»L  TfcU was proved  by tuUstlct
Irtrhet and moro abnndnni tb* food tht
.**>'* Haiti. ».» wi,« i*t litem.**.,, rfm**-
lence and gluttony, which frtautttly
eon* wkb wealth, aro contributory
causes to tt* metabolic ehaag** or disturbance m the conttltutlon.    Con*
plex living makes tor a nervous condl-
>t*.    ,,,,.,   ,   ,,   , ,        ...
(nirodleatt of thi tody. Tht mem-
tion* ot the various organt nro tlm
"Tht tlm ot the Ntw tort Ikln
and Cancer HotplUI In trwatlng pa-
tlenta U to rocuro th* mott perfect
blood stream potttbl*. Thto It m>
ONn^tahed hy slmpl* living, fr*-
Am* WtUag. Internal and external,
wrfmnt, ewmfpaffou, frofh mr aad
snnlifht, perfoel mairtleatJem, Hit
ivtMtoact of wefiwi, aad In addi-
tton to proper andteotlen, to ttettt
tho healthy aetlon of n ttrlet vege-
tarhui ttm. Thoro tro. «f conroy
tltHM what tlw knW* HmmM ht tttt*.
Oor trontwent It, of eonroe. * leag
*n*m. ami t<*t*t*,tm* monb imtieatm."
Dr. Bulkl«y*a eonclukmt ttai tko
hope of cancer patients lies in changing ttoir dtat it tho molt of forty
yotro* oipttftoeo.
^.^.,'y IOc
Packet of
S8"° WORTH   Of"   ANY
•.   STICKY f I / (ATCHFP     "'
Fuinners, market gardener* and oil
era who cultivate the toll will he pleal
ed to know that the Eatotnologto
Branch of the Dominion Department l
Agriculture bat Ittued a 31 paged bu.
leUu (No. 10) on "Cutworms and thol
Control," prepared by Mr. Arthur OH
son, Chief Atiletant Entomologist, a
tht Introduotlon It It ttated tbat cul
worm* at a clai* rank in lmportanc
wiUi such well known pestt at tht f
Joto Scale, the Codling Moth and „
Hesslon fly, all of which are 4mot.
our moat destructive Insect enemlel
There are Cfrtalnly few insects whlHl
year tf ter year, inflict wch widetpr
damage ao tht various caterpilli
known commoulj at cutworms. T
annual ion occasioned by these ll
secu in Canada amounts to hundr
ot thousands of dollars, in the bullJ
tin the methodt ot controlling cuj
worm* aro ditcntted fully. I'ndt
"Preventative Measures" ibo value t,
clean cultivation It referred to at wal
at the placing of bands ot tin or m
around plants which are tet ouL "1-
medial Measure*" Include description]
of vartoiit pottoned bafti to destroi
the cutworms, dlroetlou tor tho malt
ing of proper furrow* or ditch** tj
provtnt tttt advance of armte* of cui
worm*, etc. Fifteen eonmoa kinds 0
cutworm* tro dooertbod In popular d<
tall and much information given on thl
habits tnd llfe-hittory of th* varlool
tptciet. '
Th* t»«H*t1n la fulty lifmtro^d, thi
flguro* bolng eloar and w*U
Mtototltr ther* tto 2t tltoMrntMis
ontvoivt, cutworm moth*. Injury U
Jeatlmv wittf he \*t\ tr^^ of -atiirfp ti
tppHottlon to tbo Chief of tbt Publics
tkrth Branch, DMartmwt of Agricui
!!'*' i*!*?*     «*Wlrt«o   rwardlti
thoto inttrts or othor klndt wfleh ar
found to ho Injuring eropo, ihouM b-,
n44r*im*4 to Ttt* Wmnnlrtrter T>*-n*»«j
went of Agrtculturo, Ottowv.
Charity at * covsrlng fer tnoRItud.
of tint Is Bowtnpentded by war. Ul
the boy in th* tetg—
"No mtttor what's dono
Thot.honhmn ntm again
Th* **r to blaatd far everytttog.
W* roeomioood all poaltry fancier,
to rnoett tit MUro Prtwtw tt Vie)
terta to ttod tW« Bi)l«Un Xo. «?
"Poultry Hoom Ootttnwtkm,- to tt is
tm of PbtmtAo *»a*ttlot* rogardla.
tho boat plant fer building i
Uoto for fowvis.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items