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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1915-03-06

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 Industrial Unity Is Strength
No; 28, Vol. vin
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
■A *
■*■ /r'*m 1-
Political Unity Is Victory
• '%V'r-5fs;f
'"      -i,:r
Mineworkers and Operators Confer In Secret
Place No  Credence
Tlio representatives of District 18, U.
M. W. of -A., consisting of Pres. W. L.
Phillips, Vice-President Wm. Graham,
Secretary-Treasurer A. J. Carter,
Inter. -Board Members Farrington and
Rees, together with delegates from the
different locals, are in executive session in the Herald Building at Calgary
for the purpose of making arrangements preparatory to the creation of a
new working agreement when the one
now in force expires on the 31st of the
current mouth.
As the sessions are to held strictly
in private, both press and public being
excluded, we urge upon all -parties to
give no credence to any rumors they
may read bearing upon the question
purporting to come from either the
miners or the operator"as it has been
mutually agreed that no information
shall be given out until after the conference is concluded,
.1. -C Reid, of the Chinook Mines,
near Lethbridge, has been appointed
chairman, arid A. J. Carter, as secretary of the conference.
The representatives of the Western
AL ti meeting held in the Socialist
Hall last Sunday, Feb. 28th, the unanimous choice of the party as candidate for the next election in this con
siltuoncy was Tom O'Connor, formerly
a miner at Michel, now living .in Van
couver. He was organizer last Sum
mee along the line of the Crow's Nest
and in the Boundary Country for several months.    There will lie the usual
At   the, miner's   Hall   on   Monday Propaganda   meeting    held    Sunday
•March 7th, when it is expected final
night, Robt. Peacock,  who    was    re- reJ|0p(8 wi„ „e received regarding the
cently ousted as president ol the local nar(*j Times Dance,
union, was elected secretary-treasurer
of che local by an overwhelming majority over his opponent, Louis 'Moore,
the final count made Tuesday showing     Sunday,   March   7th,    11    a.m.,  "A
283 for Peacock and only 34 for LMoore,lWorldly Wiseman";  7.30 p.m., "Some
the former secretary, who was ousted
at the same time as Peacock.
The affairs of the local union have
had a stormy career for tlie past month
or so. After the old officers were
ousted, a new election declared A.
Lamesfleld as president, and J. 0.
Jones as secretaryvtreasurer. The
District Board, however; decided that
the olectlon was not valid, and it was
voided, another election being set for
Monday. James Larsen was the only
Ttomilnee for the presidency, and was
declared elected some time ago, while
Coal Operators' Association ln attendance  Include the following:    Louis Voore and  Peacock were nominated
Stockett (Calgary), president; W. F.
-McNeill, secretary; J. C Reid, Chinook;
R. S. -McKibbln and 0. E. Whiteside,
Coleman; I. Charbonner, Blairmore;
R. 3. Dido. Corbinj John R. iMacdonald,
Frank; J. R. Howard, Taber; E. G.
Gheur, Brazeau, and J. J. Morris, Can-
more. ,.'     ■■
for the secretaryship.
Alex. iMcRoberts, of Taber, and
Frank Barrlngton, of Kipp, were the
neutral scrutineers.
Difficulties of Doubt"; 2.30 p.m., Sun
day scliool and Bible class. * Monday,
4 p.m., Junior League; 8 'p.m., Epworth
League. Wednesday, Social evening.
Thursday, Prayer meeting. Friday,
March 15, Ladles' Aid business meeting
at 3.30 p.m.
^fSy*      *-   - . i*-	
The death of James Cronin, a well-
known  mining engineer,  Is  reported
■ froin Ely, Nevada. '
Mr. Cronin was manager of the St.
..Eugene.--Swrtn*-tjio palmy. . days ot
Moyie,'iaterhe'hadrsupervision of the
famous Standard Mine near Silverton,
in which he, was interested, he like
wise had large holdings' ih different
parts of Ji, C. as well as In Mexico.
.Ik- was a large-hearted mau, and
many of the old-timer prospectors of
thp Kootenay will hold his memory In
kindly recollection. A widow and two
daughters, resident In Spokane, survive.
TOllOX-TO, Feb. 28.—The following
cablegram lias been received by Noel
.Marshall, chairman of the Canadian
Red Cross Society, from Col. Hodgett,
Canadian commissioner of the society
in London:
"We desire tl largo supply of hospital suits, blue with red collars and
cuffs;  also bandages, lint gauze and
 I red pocket    handkerchiefs.     Tobacco
Bro. W. B. Phillips ably discharged !•*»"! cigarettes also needed. Discon-
thn duties of chairman. Bro. William «"«" making mufflers, helmets and
Bird gavo a most interesting rev-lev of|mitts ail(1 do !,ot send 'W more heav*'
VICTORIA, -'B.C., Feb. 2G.—The es
timates brought down in the legislature today sho-w that the revenue an i
•receipts for the fiscal year ending
.March 31, 1916, are expected to reach
a total of 17,034,615.13, -while ilie estimated expenditure, will be S! l.lvf.,-
056.11. This leaves a balance or $1,-
000 0u0 i.-liich must. '»■£• raised by other
than revenue me^ns. Chief amonq ihe
i.oprojirir-.tions of , pr-iv'-idal Interest
;irc <"i rdvance of J3.*0,i00 to the minister of finance for administration
purposes on account of the Dominion
Trust Company (in liquidation); for
public works $3,039,815; for education
$1,594,600, and for hospitals and charities  $374,100.
Under the head'of the provincial
secretary's department is an appropriation of $175,000 as a grant to .the governors of the university of British Columbia. In appropriations for roads,
streets, dredges and wharves the following appear, by ridings:
Cranbrook, $4-^000; Fernie, $41,000;
Grand Forks, $28,000; Greenwood, $19,-
800; Kaslo, $36,000; Revelstoke, $37,-
000; Slocan $36,000,, and Ymir, $72,000.
The votes for subsidies and main
tenance for steamboats, ferries and
bridges contains the following:
Kootenay River reclamation farm
$900: Shuswap Lake Sorrento, Scotch
Creek, $1,580; West Arm Kootenay
Lake at Nelson, $3,600, and Columbia
River above Revelstoke. $3,000.
The provincial secretary's department lias the following votes:
Grant to city of ".-Greenwood, $2,500;
to Phoenix, $4;000; to Rossland. $12,-
The Claims of Labor
How Trade Unionists Have Helped to
Save the Nation—and Their
Forestry? in which he called special
attention to the excellency of tho work
Mrs.  Rogers donated it very limit!-
done by the womb's lodges In •■.he up- ■ somo hand-knitted jacket, which was
btfljdinyui-l.iie-0.nier; "fTnTrretlTins^feeK, and~f2O0 was rea***"
fl splendid vocal entertainment was j Used out it. Mrs. J. Irvine held the
rendered by the following gent!em<>n:; lucky number. The money will be
C. R. Andrews, S, Colclough, J. Kcrgu-jused to buy wool for knitting,, The
son, J. Leyland, J. Parker, J. Puckey, 11. O. n. 13. are very grateful to Mrs.
W. Ramsay end T. Woods.     Dancing IR-ogera'tor this donation.      "*■*•£'
wus indulged iu by a goodly number, \    Sow that :t fresh supply of wool is! tion in Sussex, England.
riflafh   ft'-mct  vnrv  cli*riri-»»ly-J^-rt-».o_.rif.
Fernle's highly respected citizens,
when Robert Reading passed away in
the Victoria Hall, Priday last. The
deceased gentleman has been station
agent here since, llyj^'atid beforo coiu-
'ng to Canada occupied a similar posl-
It is not a pleasant thing to have to
draw attention to class bickerings and
consequent national weaknesses at
such a time as the present; ,but it is
Lhe duty of someone to do it. We
have heen told so often—and we firmly ibelieve, we of the working classes—
•that we are at present engaged In a
war with Germany because of our belief In the cause of freedom and right
against militarism and might, that it
is somewhat disconcerting to find that
might is 'busy in certain quarters in
this country flouting and trampling
upon right. A certain number of employers and merchants are using the
present tragic circumstances In Europe to grind down still further the laboring:, classes, and it is surely time
that some step was taken to check
this. The working class has to do
most of the work of producing wealth;
and it has to do most of the fighting
to protect it. And the working class
has shown itself only" too willing to do
'Ft. At the first call for more men
for the Army, the men in the factories
foundries, workshops and mines, thre*,v
down their tools and enlisted in hundreds of thousands, asking only—asking, not demanding or bargaining for
it, minil—that the nation should keep
tlieir homes together arid find their
dependents food whilst they were
away. And what was the result? The
result was that more men enlisted in
the early days of the war than could
well .be trained and equipped, and tlie
nation did not jump to the succour of
of Bold  Thieves
Broken Up
For several mouths a number or
burglaries have been committed, clearly proving there was a sang with moro
than ordinary daring at. work iu the
community, The peculations have
ranged from the pilfering of small articles of but little value to thefts of
silverware, jewelry and other merchandise, worth several hundred dollars.
■From the numerous complaints mado
by chicken raisers about depredations
made upon their feathered belongings,
it was evident that somebody was often
indulging In an illicit enjoyment of a
toothsome meal. One of the most recent sufferers to report a decrease in
his poultry yard to the police authorities waB an Italian living a short
distance west of the Brewery* who,
upon counting his brood one morning,
made the discovery that there was a
shortage of 18 cliickens.
The members of the police force
have been using every effort to locate
the law-breakers, but without avail,
until Tuesday, when the proprietor of
the shooting gallery in the Miners'
Building Informed Chief Brown that
he had recently bought his first batch
of chickens in Fernie, and upon the
Chief and the Italian visiting the place,
the latter recognized some iu the pen
as those he had lost. The Italian, accompanied by the proprietor of the
shooting gallery, Walter Harwood, as
Interpreter,    and    Constable    Dooley,
on- he t.iiPiit?d the window and j'liui-e-I
to the ground. The Chief was linme-
t'iaely notified, and upon the A'tiy
down to the Annex the est-iiped .irii.ui-
t-r was observed hurrryliiK on tlie <». X,
ri-iic1: toward the bridge spanning tlio
litl; Uiver, hut -ipo'i reaching the eas>,
end.. instiutl of crossing ilie bridge, -seeing that he was .pursued, he dropped
off imo the snow, scampering off towards the Skating Rink. A messenger
was despatched to the Police Station
notifying Policeman Hughes that a
prisoner was' headed for the Park. .This
officer had proceeded to lhe vicinity of
the Presbyterian Church when the runaway perceived lilm, and despite orders to halt, doubled back and was flu-
ally captured in tlie alloy at the rear
of the Orpheum Theatre,
Among the booty recovered was a
trunk belonging to .1. S, Macdonald,
with the Western Canada, and the major portion of the contents consisting
of valuable wedding presents twhich
was ttt lien November lust from the
sample room ofthe Fertile Hotel; some
of th<- proceeds of the Iladdad burglary; a part of the goods purloined
from the Great Northern and the C.
P. R.: a few small articles recognized
as the property of the Pollock Wine
Co.; a rug taken from a livery
whilst standing outside of How Foon's
ntstauraut. and no less than five chicken owners have found some of their
birds   in   the  poultry   yard   at   the
The serving of refreshments, left to
the ladles, was voted an unqualified
siiccesR, as wns most practically demonstrated by those who partook of
llie good things provided,
The prime purpose of this social was
preparatory to the formation of a
women's lodge associated with the
A. O. P., which It la oxpoctod will materialize In the near future.
Gas   Explosion   Traps
165 in Coal Mine
Frantic Efforts  Made to Siva Mtn
Caught In Working* naar Thur-
metd, W. Virginia,
HIN70N, W. V«„ March 2.—An e*
ploalon occurred in the mine of the
Now Rlvor and 'Pocahontas Cooaolt*
dated Coal Company, three mllss from
Thurmond, W. ,Va„ tt M0 o'clock, today. Tba mine connect* with another mine am-ploytng 80 mon, all of
who art tailored to hare been In the
pita'When the explosion occurred
In Big Demonstration Demand Govern-
mtnt Control of Carrying Ships
and Other Measures
LONDON, Fab, 28.--A ble Socialist.
lubor demonstration wan held in -Tra-
falter Square today to protest against
the prevailing prices of food and coal.
on hand there Is an urgent demand
for people who will knit It Into socks.
Owing to Mrs. Rogors leaving town,
Mrs. Moffatt will receive knitted goods
pending the appointment of a new
Convenor for this work.
Mrs'. Lancaster has donated three
pair of hand-made socks to tho Red
Tho finals In the Patriotic Bonspiel
wero played off ou Tuesday by Messrs.
Carrie anil Burland. Mr. Carrie's rink
won first prize, The flrat and second
prizes were just alike, each member
of the two rinks receiving a aet of half-
dozen spoons.
Ho leaves a widow and two daughters to mourn his loss,
On Wodnesday afternoon the remains were taken from Thomson's undertaking parlors, accompanied by a
representative gathering of Fernie's
citizens to Christ Church, where n full
choral service was rendered and the
service of tho Burial of the Dead delivered by the Rev. U. M. Robertson.
Many flora! wreaths were sent by
the frlonds of the deceased.
tliolr wives and_faraiiies. "Reynolds's"
had to inaugurate a campaign for jus-
tlcn to the soldiers' wives before anything decent .was done.
That is one aspoc
but ibece arc otliers]
belore the war the trade unions lud
been strengthening their resources.
But Immediately tliey understood tli-il
there was danger threatening the nation they practically sacrificed ihelr
trade union strength and resources In
tliolr determination to help defend our
national Integrity. Ono would havo
thought thai, under such circumstances, the most bitter opponent of trade
unionism In the nuiBtera' camp would
have refrained from trying to precipitate more strife between workers and
masters. One would have thought
that the owners of capital, considering
went down to the shack of the seller:end of Cox Street.     There are three
of the birds ut the end of Cox Street, j men at preseiit'lmpMcatctl iu these mi-
tir-thffATnregrtreirrTllS^ erii us   oil rgl a x\ ss,
Harwood entered Info" coiiversaUoiiiI-io (Jrey and another, who is held by
with Cliistave, whilst the Italian took a jthe authorities under surveillance. All
look at the contents of the chicken j are Belgians and have lieen carrying
on their nefiirluwv $iraclkes since very
,c*oop, where he descried some more of
ofthe problem, .^   .^tiered,- -Mstr&y,*.       Constable wliprtly "a ft«r-T3Wfifir -nrrlV&I in' ?evi\W "
For some time
The remains have been shipped to ,10W mfflny of thelr ,workm ,,ave gone
Vancouver for Interment.
Below wo give the statement of the
result of the concerts given for the
_ .      , .    . .   ,,,.,„.., «„ j purpose of obtaining funds to rolieve
Secrecy, de-patch and efficient or-( much     d|t
ganlsatlon are splendidly demonstra
tod by the contents of a letter received
last week by thc parents of Harold
Minton. This well-known Pernie
youth was requisitioned by the transport authorities becsuse of his ability
as a motor cyclist. One hour after
leaving the ranks of the Canadian
'landers he wu oa a motor lorry
cannot be accorded the promoters as
well as the musicians for the efforts
put forth.     Unfortunately, howerer,
the general  public did not respond
very enthusiastically, despite the qua!
Ity of the entertainment famished at
prices which were exceptionally low
considering the excellence of the pro-
...    ..        ... .    .^, j    _  trarame. iA mead of praise Is due to
with others of the mechanic*! «P«rt-jt„e ntt%Mm* who gave their services
mont preparatory _ to   the night rlde|frw Mi ta.„p_ lMl„cr ^ <hfi Ws ?w
Hescao parties -wore at once organ- K nmMm WM ad^ ^prm,Bf ^^^a^y 4o Avonmoutb, Ute port SIT' «"" IZ "'' 'Tm ^ \Z m
ix«>d and the fans were set going with* i«ji^,«,i— .«* <ti...JLiH««,.Ht .» .-».-   .^.^: ..       *v   ,    "'      *7    donating tho use of his building.
.r _J ?,!. ?JM .wl .^t«,i!» k«» po'WwOon and disappointment at Ute of wnbartutlon. snd twelve hours after; .«..!««-
in is tnwutaa after the explosion, but ^^^p, ,,^,1,0 uj^ "t-ttmtive ■—■.—
to fight for the country—and consequently capital—might even have been
generous and advanced a little of what
everyone will admit are the just claims
of ihe men; but anyone holding auch
vltMVH must Jta-'o already u-wakofled to
thoir mistake, lu the coal mining
district of West Yorkshire, for ex-
ample, as Mr. J. Wads worth, M.P.,
general secretary of the Yorkshire
Miners' Association, has pointed out,
tho masters are trying to shirk the
payment of an extra td. a day per
miner awarded by Judge Amphlett
last July.   <
Remember what the merchants, the
middlemen, and the owners are now
making out, of fhe cowl trntltn  think
Dooley placed the man under arrcit,
and having a search warrant, niiyli' an
investigation, which satisfied lilm thttt
this ijuest was of more importance
than at first appeared, as some a', (he
articled reported mlssliiR, viz., pIctMi'.w,
were conspicuously displayed on   llw
about four months ago. De Orey will
Ik- brought up for examination before
th»i Provincial authoritlos .Thursday,
iititl Ciistavu probably tlio day after.
The pollco arc justly elated at the
capture of these indlvldiinls, as it has
brought a culmination to their until-
wsl), and recognized   by    the   officer inir efforts to run tho thieves to earth,
from   'hr  descriptions  given   bj   the ami the citizens may fetil more secure
ti.Firs, Constable Dooley. imtlcliiR
the map was wearing a pair of -.loua-.-
sllppc's, told lilm to put his boots on
for which purpose he went Into an adjoin ine, room, but Instead of coming
now that the maraudriii nre safely
under lock and key in the City Pastille.
Thursday.- Ue (Jroy waa brought up
and remanded for eight -lays.
at 10,30 o'clock none of tht miners bad
been bratibt np.
Assistant* was hurried to the trine
from nesi*y lowas, and a resent car
of thc bureau of mines was ordered
from Olenalom to tkt scene. The ex-
ptotloo occurred it mint No. 3, great
volumes of amtfce ponrlng ott of the
opening*. At It Is directly connected
with nrint No. 4, it was feared that
the met there had alao felt tke force
ofthtblssL nooeos of excited people
hurried from «#»rb-y towas. a»*i mmm
parties wtrt famed to ptnotrete tfce
workintt tt tkt hope that soma of the
.niombed mat mtsht bt tatnd altr*.
After reptattd attemtts -one rmtoe
purty ptaotfttti tkt malt drift at
ads No. I for a dlatatct of atmot ioo
■>»«»   .«.* ****** em** *** **■*!.**>*i*i*»
wtitar mm Amm„   t»#   'tmmmttAtim
messures to deal -wltk tkt alanring
Increase In tke cost of food and fuel."
The resolution demands ffovtrnment
control of carrying ship*, the com-
mandeering of borne grown supplies
for Mit at the lowest possible prices,
and tkt fixing ot maximum prices for
the necessities of life.
leaving Salisbury Plain* ever)Hhfug
and everybody was aboard tbt transports resdy to weigh anchor from
Uristol's maritime port of entry. The
action of the authorities by following
tkt coarse tkty did in tkt transportation or this arm ot tkt service was
evidently on account of thtlr realisation that the "longest way around Is
I Receipt*
November 16th t 41.20
November 22nd    13.25
November 25ih .,.   Id.05
The Cokato School
To the Bditor. District ledger, j»m> where il <>onw*s In If people th«m-
Dear, Sir,—We wmlil ask that • on \$ehm have to provide a portion of the
give us a little apaco In the Ledger to nW!emiy «H,t,|,,me„t «nd fallln* to do
call attention  to the altoatlon n. *{tMn mr chMrm Kte l0 ^ wm<M m
cxjst* at tbe pres*.it tlm<» tn Cohsto
•o fsr a* school facllltlea for our children aro concerned, Tho majority of
ti* are men of small means, and yet we
do not,we any rc-nnon b<*C9Us»» of Ihi*
that the children should be deprived
ol all education, mid so »i- wish to let
We have gone very -can-fully Into the
number of children living In tbls -community both or and undor school age.
Sift •'--*!"'* '.l!*p 'it l-»'i«»  '1*. (if (wl'.tvivl uge
..*..-*.,* ledger, printing   	
ment to parehase all tradable wheat;   wben the maddy state of tht roads ?„* !»„«,, prinUn* ...
Tht meeting called upon tkt govern- oft the shortest way home."
December Hth .
December 13th
.   22.7S
.   17.50
.$ If, <MI
of the exorbitant prices that aro be-  „„     „,„,     b||e „now how thJnK, and a numb* of other* tho #111 soon
Ing charged: and -hen think of the ,|w|d m& ^ |ffl uy t0 „,.,„ M(ww Uw.r..,,h the   *m.1 me     Theae figure
miners' bard life, terrible risks, and
always Inadequate pay, and then say
whether the We»l Yorkahlrcmen .will
or will not be justified In trying to
force « fleclnlon In thoir favor. Turn
now to another branch of Industry,
that of the railways.    No one on lm-
Provincial (lovernmont to take *otne
action towards rfmedylnar the abort-
On Sunday last a delegation of 1.1
call-td upon ln*pwtor II. I'. Hop** io
see If he could give oa an) information
on lhe subject, and w* ww told all!
have already bm-u famished and were
t ik-H' into consideration liy another in-
np-K'-lor MI!!«t, by ramc-but what t*
m***4*il no* H not any more Informs
lion !»■ 'tm ob'iiliied. but tome definite
srilon bring t«k«>o looking lo a remedy
if the defect,
l.   In <iitl«T iu i'c4ch  Ui*    *W»I«
for tkt u»* of tkt people of tkt ootn- |t taken Into cooeldsretlon, tbt rapid
tor at prtwt ruling for thirty days uK wttk wbkfc tb* plans were exrtaM
prior to tkt beginning of tkt war, the speak* rolome* tor tke thorrmghn-m
toss Incurred to bt paid ott of th* aa-jof organisation In tke wonderful dis-
tlotal rereooes. I^ttk of so large a body of mtn and
A letter waa read from Jamea Kelrietolpment, They -who took thl* sixty
Hardie, Socialist and Independent U- mile night ride, although having bnt
bor member of parliament, la which a brief recollection of Ue rash tknit*gk
*»•*-)*> > **,■»#-..♦   t.t    ■-.■..•.,     »r„:,y.,,y„„
"Forth* mm time In Kt-W-rti w-wwr't** tt t*ml. Tri-rtfm, nntl <v»
Hi* tega bad beta bnrtnw and doetotaj* *ody of atrKMnt trade wnkm work>ff*yn*him and Cimon, win recall the
*a» bt probably will dl* Tbt mlae|™« m tbt CTyds hsr* bttt com- event la aftar years aa a Warred study
wbtre tbt .xploekm oecarred la a drift tmadtd to tommtaot work tt *o*. > mad and black.   Tb* distant ttv-
Distributing program-"	
I*t* Theatre-Light aad heat;
6 nights at il'"*»      	
Janitor , 	
Moving Organ ... -   	
Miscellaneous expeu»e* ......
 i-Xrtmn to tdtomt inmevoient
pugn ihe patriotism of thc railway  ^   tiMernmt.m *0„M rt« wa* to prej    ,    , , „      k„.       t
men.   And yet there wa* a mm mwt-   M„    „„„„ f    m 1MtUU,a ^.^.j^'"^ -«"«* «' "'* children have to
ing of a section of rallwaymaa al Cnr-     4^%    ,fc(V r4^H^H w,,„ ^t,... *?sA •«»•« »»p,»r"  ,hr"«* m"»*- «»*« m* ,a
l1ftojdlff the oth,r day called to pretest -     w tm „ MWutt m4 \h%* mhr[^ alnt^r I* oot of qasitlot for all
jM against tba low rate of!„    whmi tunHabm, i* ,-on****** a'"^' ,!" wy ««My osss, and even
—' :tb*'o ibeu* in the danger from tnsvel-
,«*•«• tbey are now rewvmg.   T*eirii|Mlf,,„( rmn,„]m wn,m )M. mM*» ,,Y
I    )*-.i:
M.Hftitaa* waa U.*t daring ibo *M**tt x*nt* Mm§ a$ JwM! mmtf |rf ^ ^>hp ,.„(|).
,w|preceding the war prices had risenj^ 1H(N, in MlwBwf,    \ow.gaamat-:
? m «bont twemy-flve |wr reni; *ln<c «nr (^ of ^ ||m> pHnAe ,(%tttf hrr„ w
l<M was dedarad they lmv« *l*m another,|(|M, ,h<! Twi ^ lilt, miner*, In  aa*.!n"w
-  i«-«i«y P«r '•"«••• «"«' "'" '«<,,>*•, *'W* mn* but n iwoapereu* coining  and
I Bt.4SJ,,j,fe remalnet practically stationary!,„ ^ ,„ ,n „n ,„ ,%.,,  ,.*.*„,.,.,*   .
■ ,.9 ,nt f v n iMi-k.
!•, tin: »amtw.-r X'.tae niui-.ti tb*
\, y.nif \* d.>nger .ilao trom Ur
-,<iii«ontobih>* ibn> \t,m over it.
in'f ii «,-**■- i*lung tb*. m***l it
1* ,,*,-t'*mn n> i»s*« th»« mm**** <»*■
m.JUty"-""* ***** f*t**>-    <**•"»ttm «"»* *u""i'ifmn*t> -*hi*fh *ht# *«iM ■*•■<** it,* •* ^ii*"1''
...........'!        '«"''»   i-i'*,-**-'*  '•!   '■'->'   *i* n ,»*'•'.*■ >*i      ui m* qi**1ttm,    »n«t    it    Am*.   *miih'* *li
'-■fl...* t :■■ ll,.,        I*. uilj^l; t .,«        L .1. fJ, lil'-iH M **.S        J ^*. ... ^     .       _ 9.       y^lttti,   I  tf
Uta'thj-t K th'-' o«<i««   in *tth-tmr,\ ^«* * „ranf^ thst fn a l»revlnc«" which send*i
'h*»r ecsliiel  «h» t-m^Ktyef  *tb*tr*  »♦'
high up oa the Qalnalmoet motatalt .1**** •*». « «W wttst, tkt ttwertd ob land was forty mile* tong»r|
t aTWIt— a*-we wove nr»*» «•»»!#» w»'w»thil Htmr-nnw tw rorr» wW wti*iwV-'*T.i» *■*■*. ***   *«""-  «■•■'.->' ».■..,*-*     ;•
that tta ttmtar tt mat aattmbti h\^f »♦ *»««•** »<« optratloa.'-       *  -    *   "    w " " "
IM, wftb vary IHtlt treeptcfe tf ret-
,*i* i»jwi»luri» to ifcif th4 liwiiirj, Irom
A Klater,Trea*n.*.»r \*° w** 'w •• «• I?"?"1 w"..w,,",.,**'wbirk'mi»rt of »» mm*
mile* farther Ukaa if tbt port of *m-
battatfot bad hewn tba direct ott
a. a r. cooht. riRMii msi
J. Keir Hardie'* letUr doubtlee* re-from SoiilbampiOB to Havre.     From
JTerred to tkt peremptory order of th* Haw* tt ftotet I* Nt ia mllee ap tht
»goreraateat yesterdsy lor tbe reeomp- Seine, and here the Canadians bave
tlot of work tt Hoaday by tlm aMp-j tbelr nitfimm tmm, mtM happily !o-
tkt third e-oattngeat
trading cl,»**M arc doing in th*» m-.itt<*r
.t.9t **.****     *m,*9t  . .****»     **.****.    *»»*■►    »**   ii-<t,*i*tl    *»**.*^
given  ai with    ta     n*y»ol4**"», though iim«
»,«j*^.«*^.*}(Vn  ■(*  fiX*9**i'-yli i".   *mrr.
•'■ntlfMr that
I*. * ■•
,,i.-i tt.iii- ih»- rhllitntt *ub|--ii it*
..*•',, „,.   t,i"M   IF^IUPlKinil tilWMI
Tin* li**» Jtiro-ady b*ppwn<<4,
.*■  .. -, *a ml'.-K /.yt/jte, % iui .*
tor i« It  conducive to ao««i
«.   An*:** it****- t*n?wrrtt tit i^ottnim
•vh< ,ii*l h»v«   .i «<lnx.! att-l ftot he aa
hearty *e«d off Hoaday last apon theiirf«*»ot««rfim*f:t h*« a-peai fabaloat mm«-dit nt mr flaaacial mnnt**t*m, nbonll '■ inttxnmmeni «!»*»« »b«* t»»(tay»-r# of ih*
depwrttrt wo*ibo«Bd for tbe tralnlng{in #af«*aardisg tk* owner* again*: loot »tff*r. bm ti 44 mi M ib*-\i'iif o* Vttni* ptnt*»im a* we in
csmfi at Willow, victoria.
Iwar ifnh*.   At tlw« rommfn-*-*™*!!! ot]Tmt* rnlonn.      It «-«»»   tbnw torn*;dervund Hint nt*,, m* \h*n* ttibimi**
Rather l-*dge of R«'b<»kafc* pre»*nt*dfb««titltle,* ih# mllwaj* **>t* giwren-; purely flttiikw* h*lt> m ib* form rt nar* overcrowded
acb volaateer with a bmnmlt*, «»4*twNt the dlvM#n*l* nf Urn teem ttentn'nnei *« **t<,e^,t  nith  „.,■.?'«,,,♦»,*,•,,     v„ ,   *,, t**.<.,t,
le*  fninm-., mtil t*"*a*ivv
In   *tuvr»
I', ■■ ■■■-- 'I!', '..'    >
i pMtMMik »t»«t* mb%X !■ I* willlag to do far
» #scb
AU iUUn tatsvaaU-4 lu tba "*»r:<*m taglntwre at tbe €,SyO* work* at j rated twaone of tbe railroad ftcUiUes.jlke tl-Umm 4m*i*4 dlh*r* both,   * w«*4 4hU*n4 ytnr, by ih-r «wj tha
mrf* loltt tf tit Atctmit Ortm offOlaaftw. wbo wean tt etrlke for ia-'lt te txpaeted -favtber tralatnt wflt be*;for mtnUi* »wfl tiuii*" aw w*trti wi**A   imt  ibtmtl, rtitm**-   .!'•.•.■•'—   *.-«♦ -
Vnmamtn mm xmmnt ewitMUy i^aa^ieraaaat wage*. tlomartM*** reiw»*«M- »»<!»rtak#B h#f*re tbe great ma«« Is'trwatly apprrriated by tk- rert».lMii*. iburrbomt-r* *tn Um i-r-.tcc'.c-l.. Ui.^K.* ^u-4 Irom ojn rmh*. .*ul, iu it-A*. t*in*u t« baild
r • >«>*»i> —   i*™— 5 j   i ^ ^ , ,..„,.,..,^. !railwayman »»» b lolif t* k-wp -t^s'*. '■** w"' ^ '••"*■ *' i,'s!r "'* '!* ** **i,<' *l**i!- ''
mHm nttmpmot owttofss^ artaivi   'Ba*ert«i*as*«»* t'W bt glrea m ibtjaifraad tmmttfo* Ut.nmb aaa Mt.are tabatag tire mvm, emi .tmtttionUer* *»xt:w hmr
t* »*t este«t*il to tak* pksst tm s Ottnt Ba-lKttt Cbarb mnt TH#*dAy.|twrttH at»lt-ai «as riaU ov rather. '.-*n *tm*y****-     »« U **a,» .««a+-rj«>*»r *bw »« t^ttm ntmm*   ^li*
moatb frw arrival* ao thtt «wa aavlMaw* itbrt ntntfi-4* tmt tb* beae-ftilwar   eettttteiim.     -Tb*   it*nw>*r*m*#«M't*-<*t *»»»|r *fc*-r,*:,-»t Tti-*^ l*tAmitm,"ty<y "in  *nVii: «'. «.*,»? titm-*
Ibe Cbelr tbot,     Tteket*.    *&*Jtor'|»4 foreltw amemttth** »*A 1*1 »vW ^"iw *** '** .*#,--,<.*»-,r-»f».*-* ••** -*<•[ Tnv*   tT'tf'i,
mm bt preaett tt tb- meeting to btjitg tbt ttrfkarc hare Uttmi tkt mttlmtvai np to firing Hire, wftieb avwst.
mU 'n AWBo"* llaH, Vl*Kwi% Ar*am*,,m retara t« work.
nt s vism.. tltrtdiar. Sfarek nth.     j  —•	
On Fabrtary W» a mvn ctijuysbi^J  Tbt parents of Harold Ulatoa have
Metal ortoAot waa tptat i« (be *V r.;r»reiva*d it* mnal mWtavy poat^art
>>(• (li* ttmoity j*
* »hmt*r ib*-t
«m*'j*  fbi*t   '-rtB*
IUU Xkhitx* tikUHUwhw. mt v!m> &***i**iimm bim 4»W4 Ikmm Vtmmm, V-*t. tk.
ronmntt. lis whkbb*«ttt**ib*tb#isaaMe»rti.
kmk forward to tbt pantripailea ta •e-fof
twat wariare wt tire ftwt fwnttBgtmtffWJ^rt wttf rosmenre at f o'clock{Mflaa Itt  for * !o*» »f mllthn* *d'yu4 t*. A* .#%.•» '**t,*mmn t**«*i*lf*aj
ttffy It tbt sseetb 'tf Mareh i*han»
\tenifa, "0 ***,if #iit ffcifff. or tht* rm y-rtil f'tefr maituWf-lteynaMV
ifct' PAGE TWO
(British 1911)
earth plate -wherever there was any
metal, such as -the frame of a motor,
which it was_desired to earth, with no
metallic connection, between the different earth plates, but" this method
so often prqved itself to be unreliable
in working that it is not now admissible. Th^ most satisfactory method
is to use ca-bles provided with an effi-
I'ient metallic covering anil tb,connect
that covering to an earthing system
such as is described in the last para
graph, using it for all underground
earth connections. Failing tliis, it is
General Regulations as to the Instal- neutral point of a system is insulated "pessary to run a special earth cable
laticn and  Use of Electricity       ithe circuit is uot made dead by auto- throughout the installation, designed
[matic switcligear except in tbe event
of a short circuit, or in case of a lean
age to ear-th from each of two poles
!of the system.
The followti.g memorandum is intended to deal with some of the prac
tictil points which may arise in con
r.ection with certain of the regulations.! iu an installation where transform-
No reference is nitide to regulations'ers are used the neutral point may oi
^Iki'ius •'-villi di-tiiils other than con-; may not be earthed on cither tbe high
striieiional anil technical details. ! tension or low tension circuits, as may
Regulation 124 j be desired, as each of these circuits
Ct) All   appu'.':itii>   and   conductors' is by definition tt separate system,
shall be sufficient in size and power j    \*- ;1 direct current system it is not
tor the worn ihey may be called upon; -iesirablc   to   earth    the    mid-voltage j
to   iio
to form part of and connected to an
earthing system such as is described
in the last paragraph, to which all underground earth connections should be
made and which should itself -be earthed wherever a satisfactory connection
to earth can be made below ground in
the mine.
where thely use can be avoided, no' as othenwise there is room for tbe
bolts of less than 5-8 inch diameter accumulation of dust? and gag.
should be used. A loose or dirty oon- iAs regards the internal parts, it is
nection is useless. ,A good earth con-,again a safe rule to judge suoh parts
nection should be regarded as of even | largely by their mechanical strength
greater importance tban a good con- j and suitability to withstand rough
nection in the supply circuit. | usage,     Apart from mechanical stren-
Regulation 126 'slh, the' chief point is that all insula-
(a) Where electricity is distributed;tors, and all insulation, should be so
at a pressure higher than medium pres-1constructed and protected as  io  pre-
sure (i.) it shall not be' used without tvent any diminution of insulation by
transformation to medium or low pres- the -lodgment   of   coal   dust,   dirt   orj
sure except .in fixed machines in which .moisture.    'Where there are 'bare con-;
the high or extra-high pressure -parts j ductors,  all   insulators   should   be  of j
are stationary; and (ii.) riiotors under.ample surface so  as to prevent anyj
20 H.P, shall -be supplied with current' deposit upon them from causing arcs -
through a transformer stepping down': or short circuits. |
to a mediir.ii or low pressure I   /Totally enclosed switcligear has ad-
' (b) Where energy is transformed,! vantages in many directions; if well
suitable provision "shall be made to! designed it is not only safe in opera-
guard against danger by reason of thejtion» bnt also-capable of operation by
lower pressure apparatus becoming'the unskilled. 'Though such switcu-
accidentally charged above its normal j Sear may be- slightly more expensive
pressure by leakage from or contact Jtlian other forms of swltchgeax, it will
Local Onion Directory,. Dist. 18,0.M.W.A
In  order  to  make  good  connectioni with the higher pressure apparatus,    {require   a   -minim-um   of   inspection,
and  so  constructed,   installed, point unless cables provided  with an
protected,  worked  and  maintained as;efficient metallic covering are used. In
to prevent danger so far tis is reason-1 a
ably practicable. j
t-b) All insulating material shall be;carefully constructed and installed
chosen with special regard to the cir-'will  usually   be   found   desirable
modern   three-phase  installation   in
i which  the  apparatus  and  cables are
cninstances of its proposed use. It
shall be of mechanical strength sufficient for its purpose, and so -far as it
practicable, it shall be of such a character or so protected as fully to -maintain is insulating properties under
working conditions of temperature and
to Bverj part of a system shall be
kept effiicently insulated from earth,
earth the neutral point. In general
it mny -lie said that the advantage of
earthing the neutral point is increased
liy the use of cables provided with
an efficient metallic covering.
A cililfi system partly concentric
and partly two-wire should not be
Paragraph Id) The most efficient
means of indicating any defects in the
except that   (i.)   the neutral point of! insulation of a system Is to arrange
u polyphase system may be earthed
at one point only; (ii.) the mid-voltage
point of any system, other than a con-
tentric system, may be earthed at
one point only; and (11.) the outer conductor of a concentric system shall
lie earthed. Where any point of a
svstem is earthed it shall be earthed
so that In the event of any leakage of
current the faulty circuit shall be
made dead automatically. This can
be done immediately there is leakage
to earth, provided one point of the
sjsteni is connected to earth (the neutral   point  in  the  case of the  three-
phase system, and the 'mid-voltage
by collection to an earthing system at point in Uie case of the single phase or
the surface of the mine. j direct-current systems), by one or oth-
nil Efficient means shall be provld-,er of the numerous automatic cut-out 1 eomlition of the ground,in regard to
ed for- indicating any  defects in the1 devices available, bucIi    as   overload
with earth, the earthing system should
be of sufficient capacity, having regard (H lo the current which it mav
have to disperse, and (2) to the nature
of the -grqpntl and its condition as regards moisture. As so much depends
upon the earth connections being in
order, and as earth p-lates are necessarily out of sight, lt is advisable always to provide for tbe main connection to earth nt the surface of tlie
mine at least two plates placed at
some distance apart but connected together in case of the failure or disconnection of one df them. Two earth
plates properly placed 20 or 30 feet
apart in good surroundings and connected to eacli other are nearly twice
as efficient as a single earth pi a to in
surface, a rea to the two together.
Karth plates may be -of copper, cast
iron, galvanized Iron. A cast iron
plate with projecting forks to give a
large contact surface, forms a good
earth connection. Earth plates should
be not. less tban 4 feet square, placed
preferably in an upright position in the
ground, packed hard on each side with
about 12 inches of broken co-ke free
from sulphur. The depth at which
tliey are .buried must depend upon the
insulation of a system. -circuit  breakers,   efficient   fuses,  and
Paragraphs ia) and (b). As ap- leak-age cut-out apparatus. In eases
pararus ls frequently placed in a con-1 where no point or the system is eon-
fined space below ground and in neotod to earth nn electrostatic volt-
f-liarge of men without technical know- meter connected bet.ween each line or
ledge, all exposed live parts should be'phase and earth may be used to in.-
avoided. It is important that app-.ira-jdiciite any defect iu the insulation of
tits should be of mechanical strength; the system. If, however, such an insufficient to resist the rough usages slrument is relied upon it is most im-
liable to be rocolved below ;;rotiml by.portant that It should be carefully flx-l-spy,-.-^ places, And afterwards solder
-^qi—machinery, Led, and connected, and that It shouldi,,,i   ,.»nt-ni   Hip rwig»s tn  nreserve the
moisture. The place selected should
be permanently wot or at least damp
The connection of the earth cable 'o
each earth plate should be properly
constructed so that it cannot work
loose or corrode. The Joint should be
mechanically strong and electrically
eil'i-yient, e.g. the cable may be efficiently jointed- to a long strip of
metal  riveted firmly to the plate at
The  choice  of  suitable   switcligear be tested at intervals in situ so as to | eoutne-t   surfaces  from   corrosion,
and cable?'is referred to under itegu- ensure that It is at all times In work-;    ,*\s jpgards Individual pieces ,of ap
lutions  127  ami   12!»  respectively. ing order. ipnratus, some special reference to tho
The choice of a motor (as indeed; In the cttse of nicdlum uittl low pies-jenrthlng of landholders is perhaps of iipparutua In general) should sme ^-steins where no point of tlicjleRlrable. Kartliing is not required
not he made mainly from con sidcra-. system ts permanently and directly inj except in the case of portable lamps)
tion of its price. The siae of tho'connection with earth, a lamp or! whore the pressure Is less than 250
bearings, the provision'of ample clear-j lamps, or resistances with an Instru-j volts D.O. or 125 volts A.O. A pres-
mi cc between the atntor and the rotor, j went or lamp, mny bo arranged so as sure below 12.1 volts mny he readily
and thc general mechanical construe- to Indicate Immediately any defect In i obtained on any alternating current
tion of the apparatus should all be:the Insulation of the system. Hut-.system by using ti small tntnsformej*
carefully considered. ' Preference ■ t|lf. adoption of such means Is equlva-*for each lamp or group of lamps, and
should be given to well protected and'lent to earthing the neutral or mid-:where such transformer* aro used It
woll impregnated windings, and to t-.i-j vollago point of the ay-ntem wUhoutjwIII '»«• found iidviintiiitemis to trans-
venletitly arranged itnc properly on-{obtaining all the advantages Incidental form down to SO volts or leas. The
structcd and enclosed termln; ib,   At- to that arrangement. '
tentlon to these matters lu the V.;'*x' Regulation 125
Paragraph (a) Although motors and maintenance to keep it
over 20 HJP. may under this paragraph!'" good order, and tt may thus in the
be supplied at higher pressure thanj«"d prove to be the cheapest to use.
medium pressure, it should be borne,! Electrical measuring instruments
lu mind that" the higher the voltage thai should only -bo installed below ground
k-ss satisfactory mechanically tire the Inhere the conditions of wonting really
winding? of small motors. jiequlre them.
Unless very substantially and care-! The resistances for use in connec-
fully constructed, It Is not advisable'. Hon with motor controllers should be
to use motors with a great many small so designed and constructed as not to
wires per slot,, and it is advisable, and!'be a source of 'danger either from
.will prcfbably pay for a maintenance short, circuits, over-hea-ting, deteriorji-
standpoiiit, to transform down to tower!tion of resistance material, o,r acciden-
voltages In many such cases. The!tal. contact. Where the circumstances
voltage to be used in the smaller mot-*a«"e such as to admit of their use, well-
ors supplied from high and extra-high designed and well constructed 'liquid
pressure systems should be low en- controllers are usually to be preferred,
ough to ensure a thoroughly mechanl-' Ifc Is Important that switches should
cal winding, with wires of a reasonable ,*» so constructed as to make and
size and as few conductors per slot as | malnta:1n good contact, and that they
possible. At pressures approaching should ,be so designed, constructed,
3000 volts it is better to transform-'a*"1 adjusted that they .cannot be left
down for 50 H.P. and under, and at'to partial contact or accidentally-mov-
pressures higher than 3,000 volts, It ls'e<I into contact when left out of con
probably better to transform dow-n for'toct- These ate matters which can be
motors of 100 H. P. and under. decided from observation, and by al
Small transformers for lighting, clr- most anyone. Unless the "on" and
cults may generally be treated like aj"0*1" positions are obvious from the
joint box'and run in solid with lnsu-. Positions of the switch handle, the two
latlng compound or otherwise com. extra "on" and "off" positions should
pletely enclosed. Large transformers,5^ dearly marked. Single pole switch-
should -be placed In substantial metal es should not be used except on a con-
cases and they maybe oil immersed, j centric system. In choosing at switch
■Paragraph (b) Among the methods,regard should be paid not only to Its
of" avoiding danger or of preventing ability to carry the working current
leakage of current from the high pres- continuously without overheating, but
sure side of a transformer to the low also to ite ability to open the circuit
pressure side are the following:—(1) safely on any short circuit with whioh
to earth permanently some point of it may be called upon to deal,
the lower pressure system—in the, Oil switches are now extensively
case of a three-phase system prefer-'"*ed for alternating current work, and
ably the neutral point: (2) a metallic they are at present perhaps the most
earth shield between the primary and switches for - use on high or extra-
secondary windings of the transform- high pressure circuits nnd on circuits
No. 2314
M jet first and third Fridays.
Miners' Hall, Fornle; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T,
Uphill, Sec; Fernl-p, B. C.
. No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock , In   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,^
Coleman.—I, Johnstone. Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every -second and fourth
Sunday of month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Ha\l. Sick Benefit Society attached.J-Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passbiirg. AMa.
' No. 1387
Meet   every  Sunday.    Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec. Can-
nore, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick ancl Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.  .
No. 2227
M'jet every alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m.   In   tha  Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,   sec.  Box
105, Coleman.
NoT 949-
Meet every second ?nd fourth
Sunday of each month at(lQ a.m.
In School House. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries,. Sec.
Passburg, Alta, "*,\
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of eaeh month at 10 a,m. In
Union Hall. Maple 1-^af. No Sl-Jk'
Society.—Thos. - G. Harries. Pec.
PnaRburp. Alto,
iliac of what nro called niito-tranaform-
-era 1* not to he recommended for un<
time promote safety by reducing tho' cover* and boxes, and all landholders,
risk,of breakdown. Unless   efficiently   protected   by   an
If arc lamp* are used below ground, j-earthed or ltistiiatlntt enverlim uvule of
thoy should bo so guarded ns to pre- fire-ioalatlng materia], tnd the -frame*
vent pieces of ignited carbon from Und bedplate* of generators, trana-
fulling from tbem.    Only lamps with | formers, nml motors (including port*
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in tlm Bankhead HaU.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Ftn.
Sec, Bankhead. Alta. --
No. 1189
meet every Sunday ln Miners'
Hall, il p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, P. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.80 In Miners' Hall. 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In the Socialist Hall, — James
Burke, Sec. Box J6, Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'oloctt in  the Club Hall'    Sick
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
O&rbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
No. 481
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon.
3.30, at Boarding House.' Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Pec.
Wo. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
-Benefit   Society    attacted,—B
-Morgan, Secretary.
Meet every first and third Sunday 'at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
er; (3) an electrostatic device arrang- of large power.    Aslu tlie case oT~all
ed to earth the low pressure system switcligear,  It  is  Important  that  oil
if nn abnormal rise of pressure should switches should be a thoroughly good
occur.     Of the threo methods,    the -mechanical Job throughout, and that
first is the most certain, and it Is io the oil tanks should be substantially
be preferred  ln most cases on other made and  well  fitted.     An oil  free
•grounds.     The second will be useful from twiner  and   the  flash-point    otj
when It  is desired not to earth the which ls not less than 300 degrees P.i
neutral point of the low pressure Bide should be used.   It should be examln-j
nr   small   transformers  transforming ed and renewed as often as is necea-!
down to 125 volta or leaa for'local light- sary to ensure at all times the absence!
iiiK circuits.    A pressure test of dou- of any deposit at the bottom of theji
ile   the   primary    worklnjs   pressure tanks.     It is essential that the oil
should be applied between primary and tanks should be kept filled to the pro-j
secondary -wiiidlnns before transform- Per level.     Where the parta are notj
ers are put Into service. 80 constructed as to reilat any po*-!
Regulation 127 'aible expansion of gases due to tne
HwltchKenr and all terminal*, cable opening of an oil switch or abort clr-!
ends, cable-Joints and connections ot cult, suitable vent holes should be pro-,
apparatus ahall be constructed and In- vldcd. j
stalled so that— j    Where tnnvn arc used, efficient en-!
(I,) All parta shall be of mechanical closed fuses or fines of the ao<atledj
strength sufficient to resist rough on* "cartridge" type should bo used, but j
ago, In every case regard must paid to thej
(ll.) All   conductors   and   contact position in'which the fuses are placed.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIA8 ROGERS, Esq., Vlee-Pres.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,    .
Natal, Nelson, Revelatoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on depoaits at current rate from date of deposit.
instance and to the proper Installif.'-m (al All metallic sheaths, coverlnaa.< ■'fr-srotmil llRhtlne. There are two
of Hie apparatus will result In lower-hnnilles, Joint-boxes, av-dtchijear fram- - ohjectlona to them. via.. (1) thorn is
maintenance coatB, and at the same jes, Instrument covera, swl*ch and fusel mora daiwr of tho lower pressure circuits becoming charmed with a higher
volt uro than there Is with the ordinary type of transformer, and <21 they
are opt to. tbe .wrongly connected so
that there la no reduction as reimrda
pressure to earth at the landholder, * areas shall be of ample current-carry- and to fulfil paragraph (v.) it is necea',
hmiictlcully sealed globes should heebie motors), shall be earthed iby con- in which cnxc their use doea not ln-iliijr capacity and ttll Joints In conduc- a4ry to enclose them In properly con-j
used In situations where there Ik rlali*nection to nn earthing ayatnm nt tho-.traduce any diminution in the risks of lorn Nltiilj  be  properly   soldered   ot struetcil boxoa. \
of fire. surface of the mine, ja dangerous shock.     In caaea where ntln<rwJw» efficiently made. "va;  tnae should ' in itself be of!
A preaiure test to earth and between!   <-»o Wliera the cahlea are provided;voltages higher than those given above!    till.) The lodgment of uny matter auch construction or ao protected by,
conductor* equivalent to at least twice! with a metallic covering constructed Sara used for -lighting, and whore pipes likely to diminish the Insulation,   and -a switch that if may bo renewed .with-!
the mul mum work his pressure should i.ud iitxtt-llcd in accordance with Ho arc used to convey tho cable, there I* J of coal dust on of close to live parti out (tanger.   Thle Involves the use of
•tic applied n« far his practicable to all gulatlon 129 (el, auch metallic cover-jas a rule, no great difficulty In seeur-laliaH bo prevented. « tune which can bt» aafely handled1
apparatus   Intended   for   une. belowMIng may bo uhiisI nt* n mentis of con-,lug nn «»:«rth conti-ection tor t»ach lump-!    llv.i All live parts ahall h« so pro- without any possibility of the poriion    Th. saiiw'ttM should Nr ap-nection to the earthing syxtei-p. . All|holder, but   where "open" wiring Is;t«M-ii»il or endowd a* to prevent accl- getting a ehoch hy contact with a live
piled lu the case of repaired upptinuus lli- <"otii|ucn*.r< of :.u o;tr Iting ay«ti'mjnt!opicd a *P"clnl i'«rtli cable may bo:dental contact by persons and danger part, and the contact* In ilhlch the re-;
biforc It im again put into service.       jshalt have a conductivity at all partsjrcqulwi. or iiltcnmtlvdt.   the   lamp]from arcs or short circuits, f!rc cr^ovafclc tm* handles fit »l:*uld be ar-'
Tli.- snout useful Instrument lu con-! nnd /it nil Joints at leant equal to soiinl.htilder mny lv* oiiclorwl In nn ont-jwater. *"   ! ranged so that In pttahtng the fuse home!
tuM-iloit with 'lie periodical examlna- :■ ••! km cf ibut of tin- targes:* con-Ser gloSn pravh'ed with a porcelain top,- «v.i Whew titers may b*»ri*k of, 1 Is-nu* poMlble to come ln contact
',',*.., '**'. ,.\\i '.* t-'U*-* -n.i;' ti-- '.'.pc'* '-Hci-i-' ti'.'fii unMy "t "ttt-n1;* 'be ip. 'tlif- tvtic of fitMtur tftin"'!- "t» -i "'i-it.nwlt'iHr e*n. emit -'tiaf, or ruber •')fl«iti-'*Hh live metal. rnlm» switches are
»ar> on low or inmllum prciaure sya-'paratus u part of which it Js desireditery" or "acid-proof" fitting. Such'limbic material, all farts shall be no also provided In the near nolghborhood
••) t u ;,u -ijni-m"H»r It 1» wonttal to crirth. Provided that no conduc- n riHIiia should provhic complete *«• t protect-wl m to prevent open aparking. <«r tutting olf the pre*eure. It Is es-
tlmt such an Instrument uliould g!vo*mr of an enrihliiK sy«tem »>ball have purity from ahock If Resolution 131,   A groat deal of the swltchgear form- annual tlmt all a juent metal parts
" * ' x. .\,.
lodge yoCk V
W1U* TWe Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other vtluables in one of these boxes
' • air
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fertile Branoh
ItlK   t
stilaliitg compound, or alternatively so!swluhes. fuses, or circuit breakers
'flttc.1 ti* lo'bc dust.-proof, or t2» bylmfiv he tinetl fo br*tt1f the -connection
efficiently Jointing tbe supply cable to! with the generators or transformers
efficiently   Insulated   and   protected I supplying   the   electricity;   provided
... , ,, ,     . .. ... . . .. i   ,        . J ,    tJ . .    ....... eih»es Jed out through property con-j that the connection of the outer con.
a blither preumire than the working* t< tros* Keitl-Diml ure-i of Ic-vs than .082 it si. «» to cliMnalns lnmp», N compll-'erly iimul underground proved Itself Jo nhonld be properly shielded to prevent 19lm(,. A openings In the cislns of tho'dnclor with the earthing sistem shall
 "—■*■■-- •■•'•••—<•  -•— •--». ._.... j,H, m„  jmffiri^ny strong  to rosist'ara*. In rase gn tttefapt Is made to rr-'^   ttmtlM> 'not thereby be broken,
,    Relation itt !   I'»ra»raph   (at Lightning arresters.
vt „., ._ „-..v..™ .„ ...9.*  ,.„.    ...     <#» 1'ropeirly constructeil swltchgear protldeit   with   properly constructed
tnlten to ehwme an instrument which wl.or othenwise efficiently made, and -a: rang glasa outer nUtlten 1* recom-jmaiiy of the defects which were com-'l««-» fnses are clearly  proof against for 5ttt,,ni. ^' **' *ul,P,Sf .^.<e^rr*™1 *B*   prwiwrtjr   connected    reactance
nil! y,u- r.'uliiim. on till up- < ury »,(rtli <on'tutor ahall be solder'inend«i In nr.Vr io prevent lump inttha ""■»■ Switcligear of the op-rn type.'riretesanets and Improper one, as re- ,0 *■• mine shall be provided «t the mil*, are required where the supplj
\inr-,t<m, iiitln-tliia . title- The,*e «d into „ hxn tor each of it» terminal'front touching any retuVA*, ignltailc Un shlili type is included all forms of.mards hoth op«>n sparking and the pos- ,*M,<C*** ot Jj"' ",!u"" "m imm lUor«f electricity is convened direct (that :,«*» Im- ttusstitble .a **\t*n ««im« t (ii.iiectloiii.     So -nwltch, tus« or clr. material. . \ unrifloned  slate nnrt  msithle p.mel*. rldllty ol *hn«k. they shonl«l be pro- '""J* m' mW*' '" ' v* " ^"^ ■«»'»»,**k ♦« my, without trogsfor»Bif|ott» to
\rifere iiiten iflttu mrrvni I* in «»♦• a*eul»  breaker sit ill l»e pl»e#d In any     IMra-Kiipb {In tort!, ruble, are af.-ann really designed for surface work. I**ct*>,| on the live sitle b>  a ssltch '*[™  '* mmn* * *7    **"*,,-«*,'':ihc shaft cable* by an overhead lino
port ible le.iitiE initisformer snlttihle *-irh eoitduetor. *«'i» hare, and wbrra they nm et pro-lan-l 1* not Milt >ble for underground breaking clranlt on t»ach pale.     The f?*    ,    *.r* .*  *      l.^.^'^^f* ?° •,',<*<'. I?li'„**!tr* '* r''* ** "* ^*
•ire, j.-' -tuiiitb- tbe work- of a aquar-A Inch. etl with. t'H'   uot
«-ure. ,\n ohm-titeter should be' n-i All jti|at« in «arth conductors * Apsrt from lite neccsiilty of protect-: rough imape, and as a decision on this place the fuse before the fault which
le at every mine in which elec-,nnd all Joint* to the metallic covering!lu« u tamphoMir m tm to prevent ac-jpoint doe* not demand much electrical canaed the blowing of the fuse his
:- in u-e, tind car* xhould be of the ruble* shwll i»e proiierly nobler- eMental contact   with  it.  the iimi ot\knowledge, there was little *xctit*e for Iw-en Investigated and temedled.     ro
Ill  : Vf!<ttt>
ibe b'.tib: i
i in- uiitit
\ !t<T«' oh ,ti eimie  t.i t'tn*
■in niuir iMi-'i.-r •*-i-iiii'lil
.«  number ot  voPag**. the
1     (!,'     !!'P*     !(•><><     fill'I     l« 1  'f
■■.icrkillS iifi«».-Hfe it- U«# at
Mr- .•* « .hi !»<"• u->"'!
uigli pre*Mure
ii.'   iiu»i||:;i.!j|*i'.
i*,ii:,«r.inli mi If a nviitctii hat uu»
IM-MH tnieiiti.iiMtii e.Miuet it , im t**tUi,
M   >.     l  ,,i'--   . IUI,    rUK-ttU   in*   W-A'.V    iM   *•**.
***tu* <'4i »>»it-ai UM tu * w-Mtraie
,   , ■  '■,  , . -y *i" 'i-  1 i,  *"*;*'. *ht* |.i*ft* -I-*
t tie ■-> ■ ?'•'!! It !* desired to earth *tt0«14
'■ ■-* <■, ■',•.,   '.*    h, '.'ic t* it:)i-ti.*i n'-intetu Ui (iituiile-elj
Iheteof.    Mglilnlng arlesteri, proper- ing struck *»y lightning.
nr* nn- mm %n,i »»ttiy **xt**m mum •«* m-.» fceirt .*»..,.. ,M* ,^4it> ,*.,-!*«.    is U, ;«, Ui, «,«*« btioato* *a** '•*». s.-mlaA!* -iM, xhtr. bt mnJk faxi I""".'": ^"m"l"mm"'^7m,^7V^ '"* ,,n,ri w "imn,n«'    T*«>' •*•***
ilit- i-nar of portable ni»imr<-ituN» to m,x nitiil,;.-  ni.itcrial  «mi  the earth cog.'sotet* o« the v-irfatt* for geftcra! Ur* '.♦nd »!! ilmytt In tspli-rlng th* In**'1* B,lj,l*,*rt *m m»l»tg*»w. »nsii bw t>* flted In some *f<*sa!bl* place aw»y
**.'<'iii In wbleb tbe \m-**xxr*. does nnt;eeH!<", I* efflrtent there run be n^tery i.iirpot*s.     The type of* switch- ramoted.     There is in general little*l'rov!"<*,! *'h*r* "w,M,l,r^ ,ff P,w,"'«;frem . lsflatBWS%!#  rftat"Msl. and  is
■j'M'Cm! f.-iu j.rf-Mniire -Hrect «iirr«'nt or>b|e*tf«n m this     In many eases g yesr which will best meet the mwM- i«-rm-i« fir rwnovlns or r*plaelng f«s- (*'":'u*r* .:»ftsr as te practtoable   to  the   point
I.',  i.-li- iiiterurttltiK lurient.
I'lii'iiBl'ti-tilt  ii)  cr.i\<'i"i the bi'Mt  Mifi--
i<iti! against e!«r!rlf *h««'k thit en-
*    . ■*   un,,, 11)1*1,11111   i ifltli ,*ji,..        I in-
,:N«sr as te practtoable  to  the
*tv*iu\*\ « u-tu ci'W- in ti- be iuefci'f-.t'lous below crouiid its iMnrdi wnn- *• below tronnd wlrh (timet Itw <*»♦ ItilU'Wgt um»iii», suttabU plated,* lhe ovcrhead'llue ends. They
ed for ii«e be!«tv ground tn m -tillil ivlre'.t.iiid'tig rmiRli usage, nnd also as tc prints 'n the net«h!iorhecd of the fns*#, »"l«" ** Provided far catting off all sit-wld profemtrtf he isolated from tbe
>»f the wm* .onHuctlTlty. gsrd* paragraph flllj, tit.}, ami iv.» «ml arrangements »boutd tm such »■ mrmmw from *«my t*n aS * »j>«en*,,wiM:tn. iw|«riumtftr.    IC tre^ilvti bv Ito-
.-in !-.»*«« **ri,*-9 a.*,-.,., «*h,* - .,,*, " *   .*-'.. *.   ...,. ,,*-,..r.,..,H.,.  .,«.,..... ' *,. ..,„,.„.. * ..  ..... '** *M<,V *"* ****<"*** t* m*v*fii dsn- etwiliiitwa. llthininB nrrwiters ehtmlO
,', , •    . * ,.,*-        • ■ "* .,■,-,«.!   *,," tv, '"••"," **,   ' *" '••' ',"-'•,""■' '.'.,'r' *vi*-. ""vv-ti* *,..'*** ntm be proviaed wfesnv mtotftooM
miii exiilt mi ,ui nirinl im*"* -Vi it*.*i- tt-ut  i.t th'4i +-J llu IwHf-ii - ati    ,-lilrli ,-H t'-t' vw. Jiir-tort nf* et}«-lcf«5
sir  t'tmx   ftjten    tjwttlnf    fttses     m-i Uneh effielent  means ahull  me ■,***■ w^*** ♦»■ muut owe* Ate cotuwt'i-
t:r* 'itll
ii**h,,.9 «f»r)iwi ttittir, ic,n«i»»w^',i^* thM mnt #i»ii'»r*r *»wi»?rtet «»»* »tw»»!*,ti«i« n p*rt in an ent*r w»v*H»g of metal, mny ahtmU tm no aeeo«ni"be removed -or pft>vl***d for cutting off all pressure,** '* »or*see telephone or siigenl wlr-
r ni eH ,bti h*<-nn|* lire, snd the only of which It Is de-Mrsd to *srth.   As an e«ir b* ..liulned from several msna i*»plac*d nntess the pressaro l« cat off. aotomailcaity iro«» the part or ner** ot^*     "' '■' Sam^tHU-a! iSmil tbt gmtftittiS-"its
wnflsfui-'ftry  tucllum Is a enrtlt enn«e*tlin wny bav* to enrrv, at ftn'iui-rs.     Te n:n*t fully th* m-j-ntr*-
A»  r*si*rAn  terminal*, table  ends, the- system »ff#*t*d In the event of e af Hfhtnlog arresters should be offl
*-t»tr*» tw »iif»ii«ie »i,.-»vh,iik  i,i mt*t*  im*,,***,.   *■ ■r-»tr>***m »....,.»-», .v».i*o.  u,»  *»»   »**.* »«  -4,ii«t.«, ,-. ■.•.»..*.»,. ->+.'«;,,, ,   *   ***'..,   ,.' »,*>**.*. .,.7  '*".",     ... '  '.':  ;   *,'. , ..    * .*' '   '  *    -'   r,,",!*   "** '*■">"-' *"* -"•>*•"»»■<«■'-♦■ *n nweT-s-ftl eleal.
,t in*' i-x-,1**** \* ron«'*cied-     In fart, wh'eh the msln *onn*<tton to earth ent l« open the **»fk» proturltmi tke appomtn* sbootd   be   dnti-proof and -Hoawr* ts of alasosi *n«at tmpettooeo. d*»g#r. !   fhrggraplts »*.i. let. and W,i ttmf
st i« iwitr to eonn-wi together direct- i'mi* nut necessarily tbe only one* Is vwidnctors of «b*t part or bmnrh. aai moisture-proof, and to comply wltb'la Imi, such npinmttts »!ooM *• m Hit Kitty motor obeli ** ceotrolle-d_■***» *e«44etvtl tngeiher. lt I* obttoos
•v th«- e-irfhe.| (-win! nf * system and «"td. m the mtrtsnc* et ih* mine. l! nirhoni eieesilr* droji of pressor* «t !*ar**r»ph ivj, so fonatronted as to »?*«lgn*!| and ranstracted thot. tbo by swltcbgear for starting and stop-jlf deslrgWe that all rerolvlof appors-
tlte nteuiI'J* «.h*ath of tb* rabies by a sStottld not be overlooked that * an*, ■oyerbfitno, !»s es»d-»l*Hvlty in its' prevent *|i*n sparking Tlw- metal l«t«t sfcllbMl p*rson tn tjh* mtn* smiy pl»«. ao»rrai.g*d m so cut off all prcs(tws shonld bo egpable of being StOpptd
-»i»*i-l:-i: conditH'tor. itt artditton ti th* f--*'* **r:h t»hie b»'»j i.ot Jo itself tm s»*l»**t  braarh  must be. sorriclen-t/oNier coverings should be of ample *afify be left wltboot lopervisloh In sure from tb* motor and from all ap- or atarta* wttbaal iMnertty, ami tha
•,:-*i-iti:   ,r::t-tt*   tn   tft-   ninm-no *nyfftften> cnwrtletetr to prorit* tnr-itt-t ft tfimM bo so b*avjr se not to'tfelrhn***, with w*l*Wlti*d Jotnu and its tt*tgbhorhootf, *v*a »b*« tb* »»«•-:paralaa la e«a»a*tloa tbaroeritb. aad poeHloa of ssolor asrttebea sbeoM bo
t-aiihiag system. sitety.     It mitt also be aecwsari to tm readily brotwa,. Kljia-rfs whet* cables aad spisdles pass mre in s**lUb»d "on"    ¥ot esaa^le, *n pinre^t s* to *»* *»»'>-»i   *-omk*ii liy MttUd fi'ttui tUf-i twlu'. »m' vU«.    Ais'i
:,, ;.*: ,  •    ;   y. ■■ '...ytr ■:' *. <t,--t> ,,-f.r , i;Wvp-i'm-i|i*n«»w«.     *n*,9*,>rn„,*,  us Ml im«»* snd eon- thfonsb. and sll handles ftir «f#tattttg ihe terminals of twkot* transformers, the omtm appobiltNl   to   wan* tbe >eet to tbta toaaMsvaHoa. aad to tbatr
»»hn*»-■ s>*t*» i* fsf.ulu.toat i» fr-ttAk-n »• I  v> twu i»th*>i- nnA to the nuttnee iiffiiom m ibe  e»ttb *mMe nntl Its 1*!)*  s»1t<-b*s  ibwws*!***  sbwnld   -ha **1i**i|»«r, «mttv»!l*rs, *f*., stHWti H* aw»»or. -*•->■** n^KUUmiLj.  -.UsUhI.    *****   *,»*>
*t* '■ir*h>-,tt, th.- mtdvolug* tMsini of a *sHh plate and tmrl*d In »*l!+bo**B branches, at fa tb* Mt* roadaetors. «sf*ly »t.d *onr*al*tttlr ptacwd. In mado so tbat tboto »s ae rtirtt of a start **» If a «me*»trk gyat*m Is aaed ao meter to avo<4 aay pmMdbMfty aftatar-
ttirft* rmrrmnt system, and with pro- #t««vton* below gvoaad f» tk* mtn*. atwotd On ttmeOlmMy offlcieat aad Ot -mmtni tit* <3**lti< stnksiM im* muh tbst ^iwaM «r «f a-tv*kwtsl -twawt, nmi *«■»«**, tmm m ttmm kteeafcsr ■*»« be ttttmm wltk tb* Hta grtrts of tb*
fwr?? f-tmtttwteit apparataa tba *l- fv.e mawr I* tm* mhU'% *wm. ba i*-.a»«*t aw«kaal«a.l strsagtb. Tits «ai» say fatttt or faltort tt muter alt em* tboy tbmM bn m saebwat aa to pro-'t*e**4 i* tb* enter coa*aetor. or ta swfrch or -awiteksw wben tke motor It
■i,n if, \mh '.* -r-> i:imit fltst h -Hr- m-w'*^-' %,* ***tn*m emrMtmmm nt m**tm «Mk tba matat vbtefe kaa ta 4tt*«tt*» maftsed to tk* tasfct* of tko-vwat tbo McsmmlsUaa of M-tstor* or'aaf eoadactor coB0acta»1 IkaTMo, «w-.h*taf otamtwedl or tlsaati, ntm
. {,- - *■• •,,* ,,,,,,,..,..,.,f„.r -m,^ §m* ,*,„ f<9r,*.m*t**r>t-*~. mi *■*** t**MA*-n1 *h* *svtk »ko*fd ka by mlttfot bm mMal eovartag eo ss to aroM all -iaa- of -raal dost. Tils eaa b* done la «••« ttHM, tf isaiaiigd. a iwwraian sb*sU ko HaaaS at mflv to fke asetsr
by aatoamti* aoHekfaar tm tmmi,****. Imi bttSnt coancctlons wblch ti««m"«-*T, and any rf« trm to th* «{*mt«r;*m«r*9r two wayw: ftt by rtwwmt- awt>*w amy -to *aaos*s4 it* U» wiUu!,** uutwffiU,    AS. uttttoiUu a&uull to.
iu nt»- eveiit ot ii leakage t«» *irth"   t» mam tnstarialtons It was former- wot* foono,     *fl» nwWaet mnlbfat Mmsotf.     ».i»w* omm npm* mn'-lr: nm moot tb* tsitoimtls a townfwai h«t jroadwetor at tbo ptato irtmta tba nor*\*m ttt ttmo ttm t wm toa. ami ta jflto
from ooe pot* «r th* «yms«s.   If tto ly tk* cwstom to <*ak n atparai* am*:: nbmlA to of MMple area aod l*ac*4 aad swiukcear Wlag should ba avoided *hkli may h» filled In solid wlUi lo-;toot   is   tolag omA,     Xevcrthelesa. If>«tt-Wfg ** mm tnimai •u***»>*n*v»»****
acgia nj-wpm
Cbal Mines Act
(Continued (rom Pace Tiro)
case of motors, transformers, etc.,
from all apparatus in Connection therewith. In the case of a motor this will
include the controller or starting
switch and any regulating resistances
in connection with it.    "
Th^re is no merit in duplicating unnecessarily either switches or instruments, as the' simpler ..the apparatus
in a mine the better, but every installation should be provided with circuit-
opening devices fixed in well-chosen
situations, designed and adjusted to
open the circuit in the event of a fault
or. leakage of current. These may
take the form of switches, arranged
so as to cut off the current automatically under certain, conditions, or of
fuses. Tbey should be so adjusted
that they will act with certainty. On
high pressure and on extra-high pressure systems and for controlling circuits of large power below ground,
switches fitted with automatic circuit-
opening devices are essential. The
question of the number#f automatic
than the same length of the said metallic covering; (iii.) efficiently protected against corrosion where necessary;
(iv.) of a conductivity at all parts and
at all joints at least equal to 50 per
cent, of the conductivity of the largest Conductor enclosed by the said
metallic  covering;   and ' (v.)  where
covering is from many points of view
to be preferred. If cables provided
.w.lth a lead sheath and iron or steel
armoring are used, they will in general have a -bedding of some material preferably non-inflammable between tlie'lead and the armoring, and
this  also  is  desirable.     .Before   tbe
there may be risk of igniting gas, coal armoring is applied, the bedding should
operating type ot,circuit breakers, and
coupled with a, wellrdesagned and- well-
constructed distribution system, they -"»-. ■*» "*-*- .»« ..-.wu.,.^,
add greatly to safety in underground constructed as to prevent as far as is ible  water-proof and acid-proof com
position so as to render it non-hygros-
diist.Hor other inflammable material, so! be put through a bath of some flex
Regulation 129.
All cables, other than Flexible Cables for Portable Apparatus and signalling wires, shall comply with the following requirements:—
(a) They shall be covered .with in-,
sulating material (except that the outer conductor of a concentric system
may be bare). The lead sheath of
lead-slieafned cables and the iron or
steel armoring or armored cables shall
be of not less thickness respectively
than is recommended by the Engineering Standards Committee.
ib) Thoy shall be efficiently protected from mechanical damage and
supported at sufficiently frequent intervals and in such a manner as adequately to prevent danger and damage
to the cables.
(c.) -Concentric cables, or two-core
circuit-opening devices fiBbe used for'or multi-core cables protected  by  k
a particular installation must depend
upon, firstly, the extent of tbe sys-
metalllc covering, or single-core cables
protected by a metallic covering which
tem and its general Jay-out; secondly,,shall contain all the conductors of the
the voltage of supply and Jhe type of
current ln use, whether alternating or
direct current, thirdly, the conditions
underground as regards the risk of fire
or explosion ln the event of open
sparking; and fourthly, the type of
automatic device adopted. In connection with the latter point it amy ln
general -be said that it is better to
have one or two thoroughly reliable
devices -conveniently placed and arranged to cut off the current as quickly as possible from the whole or part
oi the system, rather than hare such
gear attached to every switch in the
mine. 'All relays, trip-colls, and similar apparatus should be of sound mechanical construction, and tbey should
be so arranged that they cannot easily
get out of adjustment. Any parts
which may require adjustment should
be fixed so that they are readily accessible for examination. All switches should be periodically opened by
means of such devices, in order to
make sure that all the mechanism
and all the contacts, main and auxiliary, are in proper working order.
Simple automatic appliances .working on various principles (overload,
leakage current, etc.) are now obtain
able which, while operating instantan
eously in the event of a. fault, do not
operate on a mere temporary overload
—a great practical convenience. Such
appliance.r are,a  very material  l>n-
circutt, shall be used (1.) -where the
pressure exceeds low pressure; (11.)
where the road-way conveying the cables Is also used for mechanical haul
age; and (lit.) where there may be
risk of igniting gas, coal dust, or other
inflammable material.
Provided that if the medium pressure direct current system is used (i.)
two single-core cables protected .by
metallic coverings may be used for
nny circuit if the said -metallic coverings are bonded together by earth conductor^ so placed that tho distance between any two consecutive bonds is
not greater than 100 f^et measured
nlong either cable, and (li.) two single
core cables covered with insulating
material efficiently protected other-
wish than by a metallic covering, may
be used in gate roads (except in gate
roads which are also used for mechanical haulage, or -where there may be
risk of Igniting gas, coal duet, or other
inflammable material) for the purpose
of supplying portable apparatus.
(d.). Cables unprotected by a metallic covering sha-ll be properly secured
by some non-conducting and reaiM'y
-breakable material to efficient insulators.
(e.)' The metallic covering of every
cable shall be (i.) electrically continuous throughout; (il.) earthed. If it is
required by Regulation 125 (a) to be
-earthed, by a connection to the earth-
^HpTOTOT-SBrntpon the instan (aneou sly
practicable any fault or leakage of
curront from the live conductors from
causing open sparking.
Provided tliat where two single^core
cables protected 'by metallic coverings bonded together in accordance
witli paragraph (c) of this regulation
are. used for a circuit, the conductivity
of each of the sal<i metallic coverings
at and at all joints shall be
at least equal to 25 per -cent of the
conductivity, of the conductor enclosed
, (f.) Cables ana "conductors where
joined up to motors, transformers,
switchgear, and other apparatus, shall
be installed so that (1.) they are mechanically protected by securely attaching the metallic covering (if any)
to the apparatus; and (ii.) the insulating material at each cable end is efficiently -sealed so as to prevent the
diminution of its insulating properties.
Where necessary to prevent abrasion
or to secure gas-tightness, there shall
'be  properly  constructed -bushes.
Paragraph (b) Cable suspenders of
leather and other flexible material
have been successfully used and flexible suspenders iwill no doubt continue
to be used where the conditions require that form of support. The regulation is, however, drawn so as to
allow the' choice of that method of
suspension or support which best
suits the conditions in .the mine.
•Paragraph (d.) Where a number of
insulated but unarmored cables are
brought together their outer coverings
should -be fireproofed.
'Paragraph (e) The nature and extent of the protection to be provided
against the corrosion of cable armoring -will depend upon the amount of
moisture present and the analysis of
the pit water.
In the case of a pit where gas may
occur, the question of the most efficient metallic covering for the cables
deserves -the most careful consideration. What is required Is a covering
which will prevent open sparking in
the event of an arc occurring inside
th-e cable. With properly designed
circuit openiug devices, a fault should
be cut off as ebon as it occurs before
a current of any great magnitude has
passed for any length of time, and
the absence of open sparking may ln
these circumstances be secured by using a cahle provided with a substantial -metallic covering JKnj-.-thiE-.iu!g.
copic, and the, outside of the armoring should in all cases be protected
by a similar covering similarly treated.
Though such points are well taken
care of In' standard cables made by
most of the British cable makers, additional coverings expecially impregnated may be necessary for cables
working" In wet places where the water
is such that lead and iron are liable!switch box, leaving a short length of
Regulation 130.
(a) Flexible cables for portable apparatus shal! be two-core or multi-
core and covered with insulating .material which shall be efficiently protected from mechanical damage. If a
flexible metallic covering be used either as the outer conductor of a concentric system or as a means of protection from mechanical damage the
same shall not alone be used to form
an earth conductor for the portable
(b) Every  flexible  cable  for  portable apparatus shall -be connected to!
the system and to the portable appara-j
tus  itself by a properly constructed |
connector. j
(c.) At every point  where flexible!
cables  are joined  to  main  cables  a|
hopelessly mixed up, rendering it tm-
possible to trace them out readily,
resulting in mistakes in remaking connections, apart from tbe more serious  risk of fire.      Such .conductors
should be carefully run and securely
■Sub-paragraph (i.) provides for the
mechanical protection of cables where
they are joined up to apparatus. The
ends of armored cables should be
finished off .by seeming the armoring
to a spigot, or to a gland screwed into
the switch box or cable dividing box,
the object being to provide mechanical
protection for the insulation of the
cttble throughout its whole length. The
common practice of simply cutting off
the armoring of a cable one or two
inches back front a motor case or a SWitch capable of entirely catting off j
Pure Blood Is Absolutely
Necessary To Health
Ing system of not le-sB conductivity
to  be  attacked  by  corrosion.
Where it is not desired to use a lead
sheath,' double armoring with one or
inore layers of well water-proofed non-
inflammable bedding between the ti-vo
layers ot armoring may be used.
Where for any reason it is desired to
use single armoring only, the conductivity and otber requirements of an
efficient metallic covering may be obtained by a copper sheath under the
armoring, but well separated from it
by moderately thick bedding. The
important point is that in order effectively to avoid open sparking the
metallic sheath nearest io the conductors should <be air-tight, as is a lead
sheath or armoring over a properly
formed bedding, or a number of sub
stantlal and well impregnated non-inflammable wrappings, designed to prevent an arc -from penetrating to the
outside o-f the cable.
The requirements as regards conductivity of an efficient metallic covering
and the thickness of armoring are inserted -to ensure firstly that when a
fault occurs there shall not be an excessive drop of voltage in the metallic
covering, or overheating, and second
ly that there Shall be sufficient me
ch'anical strength to resist' rougl
usage. In special cases, where there
Is danger of very heavy falls, or of
runaway tubs, or of severe mechanical damage, it may be desirable or essential to increase still further the
thickness of armoring, or otherwise to
protect the cables.
In general -wire armoring is to be
•-referred for use below ground to t.a\>->
armoring, and double armoring to sin
gle armoring.
unnrrtected cable, would not comply
with the subsection.
Sub-paragraph (ii.) provides for tlie
use of terminal boxes or sealing cham-
■hers to protect and seal off the ends
of  the   insulation
cut off for joining to apparatus—a precaution which has very commonly been
neglected in underground work in the
past. Proper protection is -best effected by a sealing chamber dividing
box. In many cases the sealing
chamber may with' advantage be com-
■bined .with the terminals of the switch-
gear, motor, or transformer, thus tending to reduce and simplify apparatus.
In the case of two-core or multi-core
cables the cores are divided Inside the
box, which is filled with sealing com
pound, thus effectively sealing the in
the pressure from the flexible cables
shall be provided.
(il.) Mfo lauipiioider shall be in -met-
talllc   connection -with   the   guard   or
other metal work of a portable lamp.
'Portable apparatus may    be    made
where   cables   are (practically secure from the risk of dan
gerous shock on all alternating current systems by transforming down
the pressure for use to a voltage such
that the pressure between any conductor and earth is not greater than, say,
I2."» volts. It is recommended that
this should he done where practicable.
Paragraph (a) Flexible cables for
portable "apparatus should be tested
to four times the working pressure before -being put into service. This applies both (when the cable is new and
after It has been repaired. An earth
cable made up to form one of the cores
sulation of -the cable where the cores of a fjexlblfi cable should not be less,
pose a lead sheath as a part of such
are separated
Difficulty is -sometimes experienced
in supporting cables joint boxes. , The
necessity for effective support arises
because otherwise the weight of tbe
joint .box is taken partly or wholly
by the cable Itself, work for which a
cable is not designed. , Cables have,
in fact, -been -known to draw out in
these circumstances. The best. method of support ls to place each joint
These    Wonderful    Tablets,
Made of Fruit Juices, Are The
Best   Of All   Tonics To
Purify And Enrich
The Blood.
Pure, rich blood can flow only in a
clean body. Now, a clean body is one
in which the waste matter is regularly
and naturally eliminated from the
system. The blood cannot be pure
when the skin action is weak, when
the stomach does not digest the food
properly, when the bowels do not move
regularly, when the kidneys are
(trained or overworked.
Pure blood is the result of perfect
health and harmony of stomach, liver,
bowels, kidneys and skin.
"Fruit-a-tives", by their wonderful
action on all these organs, keeps the
whole system as clean as Nature intended our bodies to be clean.
"Fruit-a-tives" tones up, invigorates, strengthens, purifies, deans and
gives pure, rich, clean blood that is, in
truth, the stream of life.
but preferably more flexible, than the
other cores or the cable.     Metallic!
coveriug for flexible cables is not as
a rule desirable.
Paragraph Ob) provides for the use
of a properly constructed connector
for flexible cables. By properly constructed connector is meant one which "j l-.-_zj   '-
mny be used without dauger.    There |the C[tcvilt connections, and (2) that,
should be no danger from exposed con- jn plugging in, the connections cannot
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2,50 trial size 25c.
or sent postpaid on receipt of price by
Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
be wrongly made.     lt should not be
possible to put the earth contact of
iron pipes all the cables in the circuit
should be enclosed -in the same pipe.
Iron pipes used to convey cables
should fulfil the requirements of tbls
paragraph as regards conductivity, etc.
Paragraph    (f)   Conductors   below
ductors whether the connector is In or
box in a recess by the roadside sup-1 out of use, or from overheating due
ported   on   a    substantial brickwork to loose contacts, and there should be'^e plug portion Into connection with
base or similar erection.     In connec- no danger to the user when plugging ;a i(ve contact of the socket portion, as, *
tion  with  the  fixing of joint boxes, in or out.     To obviate the latter the jthe  mdtul  work of the  portable a p-
care should .be taken to preserve the pressure  should  always be switched jparatus would then be made live, very
off the connector before the plug Por-;p0sslbly bringing about just such an
tion is either Inserted or .withdrawn, j accident as the earthing'ls Intended
Short circuits and "earths" are very t0 prevent. Thus, in the "pin" type
liable to occur in the use of portable |0f pjugi the earth pin should be so
apparatus, which together with the' rouCh ithicker than the circuit pins, or
flexible cables itt uso with it is often|80 shaped or otherwise arranged that
subject to very rough usage wpth re-) it cannot be put into or even made to
sultiuic damage, not only when in use,!touch cither of the live socket con-
electrical conductivity of each part of
the metallic covering of the cable at
its foil value at all points, -wherever a
joint is made or a joint box inserted.
It is generally insufficient to rely upon
the metal of a joint box, as grey cast
If  single-core cables are put  into;iron has over fifty times the-resistance
of copper, and about nine times that
of steel wire. The only safe method
is to bond together the metallic
sheaths of, the two cables: the bond
may cross either Inside or outside th-i
joint box, but each separate metallic
gr^ui!d^Gfeing-«p4o^e^i^^n*d'Swttch^neatirTaoTiia"b"e_specla11y antTsepara-
gear  were - formerly in   many  cases jtely bonded.
but when lying about and not In use. j tacts. As the safety of the person
With portable apparatus the connector;using ihe portable apparatus depends
must provide for tbe earth connectioniupon the earth connection being In
in addition to the circuit connections.'order, it Is Important that,,thc connec-
It should be so arranged (1) that lnjiinns nt_uin_aarih"""J.r?? ;''■0■i!,^ *?p-v4fr-
plugglng ln and out the earth connec-1 ible, otherwise  tliey  may be dlscon-
tton is made beforo, and broken after, (Continued uu v**** Kauri
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals to them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. 5.
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest     We might take thia opportunity to express our appreciation for th* *#rvir# mo w»wrf#rM ♦* *n-   Wm wmvtW ?»!?* «** that it It ttx tX VU Ji«««,** «%<,c*mc» uuu we
han run acrou U whim im& ,?.'■
t4>» Stain;! £tb%w
Published every Thursday evening: at ite office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
the high cost of living problems, but the slowness
ol! tlie educational department in furnishing, the
mental food is not particularly encouraging to those
who contemplate adopting like measures with a
view to obtaining fhe -physical food if the acquirement of the latter has to- be striven for at the expense of the former.
The Parable of
The Water Tank
..... We are informed one of the excuses offered fur
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities ^ d^r ^ Jh(j imi,osing ot: the netfessary taxes
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and [ upon tlie area involved.     If this lie correct then
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention. | r«*aps more investigation will be necessary and
tlie services oi an assessor required before a eon-
A.ddress all communications to tht District Ledger., ti     -   reached
! ■ *
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380    ;    "\Ve consider the subjoined excerpt from Sec. 6
ni) ol" llie Scliool Act specifically covers cases like
the one in question:
Powers of Council of Public Instruction
"To iiinke any provisions, not inconsistent
with this Act, that may be necessary to meet
rsi»i"ii--i-s occurring under its operation; and
generally from, time to time to malft and enforce all such general.rules, orders and regulations its muy lie necessary for the purpose of
giving fuM effect lo till or any of t]ie provisions
of this Act."
See. !). wo
(Kdward Bellamy is better knowu
a.-j tlie author of "Rooking Backward"
than of his later work, "hl'tiuillty."
irom which "The Parable of the Water
Tank" is taken.
which, on examination, I found to be a
rather' amusing skit or satirical takeoff on the profit system'. It struck
ine that probably our lesson might prepare us to appreciate it, and I made a
The <t\-  litis  lieen  loudly trumpeted across  the
Dominion --'Trodnre! Produce!" ,
There nre thousands of conl miners in tite Provinces of 11. ('. and Alberta who would most willing-!
ly comply with this request, insofar as coal is eon-;
The language is so simple and ihou-typy. it is-erititled "The Parable of
presentation so lucid we do not think|the Water Tank," and runs this way:
mu-cii difficulty -will be experience-! | " There was a certain very -dry land,
by the least learned in following 'he-the people whereof iwere in sore need
argument. It is not reproduced rs; of water. And they did nothing but
tin accurate solution in detail of tba Ito seek after water from morning until
pressing economic problems, but for j night, and many perished because they
the purpose of showing up some of j could not find lt.
tlie existing absurdities so noticeable! «'How.beit, there were certain men
in present day "civilization.") jln that land who were more erafty aIld
!diligent than the rest, and these had
"That   will, do.   George.      We   will jgathered st0res of water where others
close tbe. session here. Our discus-jcouM fim, nonei am, the names' of
sion, I find, has taken a broader range jtUese men were called capitalists. And
tban I expected, and to complete the]it came t0 pass tliat the people of the
subject we shall need to have a brief land  came  unto  lhe  capitalists  and
Puts Strength into the
arms that toil and tones
the workers' system for
more efficient work
iln- knowledge necessary to win this useful com
lhe ki:
Again, under "Duties of Inspectors.
These men have the energy, they possess^ rej?av([ clause (f) as h,.ai'ing likewise on the .subject.
■ This reads:
Then why don't-they ?
There's the rub.
The coal is in the hills, lots of it, and yet  the!
workers an* unemployed more than tliey are employed.     In order to exist many are compelled to
accept the doles of charity. ■
This has lieen called the century of Progress. The!
query arises: ls it? All the elements of produc-j
tion are al hand, still poverty with its attendant j
'•As soon as possible after having received
through lhe Education Office a petition from
the parents of any isolated locality praying for
the establishment of an assisted scliool. to visit
such locality and transmit to the Superintendent his opinion regarding the establishment of
such school."
Inspector Miller visited the district during the
evils flourish so there must he room for some more j past Suiiniier. and whilst we do not presume to
progress in order to correct sudh an evident bungle, j know what recommendation he made, we are sat-
W'hat is the matterV As it effects tbe entire com-j isfied he urns! have realized the need for the early
uiuiiity we ought all to be interested to see what] establishment of a school.
can lie done lo mend matters. '     |    Provided these 35 children were all able to attend
Before proceeding let us see what is tl.e opinion! the Pernie City Schools it would make considerable
of some of tl.e intellectual residents in our midst] difference in the Provincial per capita grant, and
ami tl.e replies will be varied, perimps. in wording,! whilst ouly a very small portion of Cokato's school
still the consensus will be-"The market is over-'children are attending the City schools then- ad-
stocked with coal." Wlinl does this mean? It-dition sensibly increases the task upon the teaching means so much has been produced thai those' staff'which ought to be obviated,
whose onlv connection with tl.e coal industry is the! Owing to the residents of the affected ilistrWs
profil obtained from its sale cannot obtain this at! being in anything hut affluent circumstances, co:,-
the present time beeause the eom-modi'ty (coal) is'sequent upon the dearth of employment, quite a
a glut on the market. : »««»,»,|; »r ""™ wm,U1 ,K' 0,,,itllM to tl,ko a,lwin"
Probably some of those whose "sympathies"  are1 ,aB° oi Se('" G8:
wilh tho worker will talk very earnestly about what|        "Persons unable to pay or persons residents
the corporations ought to do in order to provide■    on islands too sparsely populated to maintain a
work, these self-same "sympathizers" would fecii    school and too distant  from the mainland to
quite hurt if they were advised to engage two men'-    permit children to attend school thereon, maybe
to do tht; work for which they are to-day employing;     |,v  ih,.  minnal   meet ing  exempted  either  in ^
^rtTTy7^mi".mightnrai-r11^ —wiini^TnHrrpnrtHTTir^
I'm crazy.'"     lu like manner would the capitalist j     indices shall  return to the assessor a  list  of
retort that he was not operating a philanthropic in-!    such exemptions."
stit nt ion. neither was he in business for his health,
if the suggestion.were nnailMo Him timl by giving
work, when th
not  be dispose
session  this afternoon—and  now,  by I
prayed   them   that   they   would   give
way of concluding the morning, 1 pro- them of the water they had gathered
pose to offer a little contribution- of tlmt they m|ght drlnki for thelr need
my own.     Tbe other cay, at the mu-'was sore    But the capitalists answer-
seum, 1 was delving among the relics'0(J then, and 8ald;
of literature of the great Revolution,
with a view to finding something that
might illustrate our theme. 1 came
across a little pamphlet of the period,
yellow    and    almost   undecipherable,
 Go to, ye silly people! why should
we give you of the water we have
gathered, for then we Bhould come
even as ye are, and perish with yon?
, But behold what we .will do unto you.
,  —   .    t; : Be our  servants  and  ye  shall  have
COAL MINES ACT  (BRITISH), 1911,water."
  " 'And the people said, "Only give
i ronlimipti from I'mic Thw) UlS to drink and wc will be your ser-
  |vants, we and our -children."   And it
nected and ihe fact remain unknown was so.
until there is an accident. The. plug .. .XoW) the capitalists were men of
should therefore- be arranged so that understanding, and wise in their gen-
the terminal for the end of the earth \ eratj0n. They ordered the people
wire of the flexible cable Is on the out-jwho were their'servants in bands with
side where it ean be seen; and slmll- captnlnB and officers, and some they
arly tbe terminal- for the earth wire put at the springS to dip, and others
to the socket portion of the connecLor they did miake carry the water< and
should lie on the outside. Conuectors others they did caU8e to seek for new
having the shell made of metal must spHngs And all the water wa8
themselves be earthed, and should haJ|brought together in one place, and
so arranged that in plugging in and th6re did the capitalists make a great
out tho plug, or removable l'or«icp.'tftnk for to hold it) and the tank TO8
makes contact with tbe earth ccnec caHed the ,Market> for it was there that
tlor before, and breaks contact after, the -people, even the servants of the
t ie connection with the circuit Is made capitalists, came to get water. And
or broken.     The plug should be lock-'thc c.ll)Ualists said unto the people:
ed i.i position when in use so tbat it      For everv bllcket of water that
cannot be accidentally or inadvertent- ^ ^ ^ ^ may t ,t huo
ly withdrawn when live. jthe ^ whlch (g ^ Market behold,
Vanigrapli (d) provides than the:we wll| glve vou n pwinyf but for every
Innipholder of a portable lamp shall',bucket that we shall draw forth t0 give
not be iiv metallic connection with any!unto vou that ye may drink of it> ye
other metal work of the lamp. Thlsiand your wiVes and your children, ye
requirement Is Introduced because a shal, glve to us two pennles, and the
lampholder in a portable lamp is very | differeuce shall be our profit, seeing
liable to'become live in the course of;that if it m-ere not for this profit we
ordinary usage of the lamp. Regula-|won,„ „ot do thiB tWl,g tor y0ll) but
tion 125 (a) calls for the metal workj^.p_shnllld nJ1_„erj,.hj.	
is a proper drink {or temperate people that do -all things
with judicious moderation.
Be good to
So i'nr as the text of the Seliool Act goes we ean
and peaceful security as .well.
With a polioy in our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or vlelt the ends of the
earth and you know you're secure.   The best In
is always cheapest, end especially so when lt doesn't coat
higher. Don't -de;ay about tbat
renewal or about that extra Insurance you want but come right
lu ait once and have lt attended
'    ,    ,.  , ,    ,       iii i'see no just- reason why there should be nny dilii-
le stock ol the product on hand could.     ,.,.... .     ,   ,.    .,...       ,„ .
'        . ...     ... i,i     eiiltv  in   luriiis-hiug  proper  school   laeililies and
sed of. he would be helping worthy-       ■ ■« ,, -    . i : . * .„;ii
{trust the next item wc write upon this subject will
I be to announce llie date of the I'stublHIi'ineiit of an
To rant at the individual capitalist i.s the lH'iKl)t|HS(|igtfi<, S(.,10(Vl llt (.()]ui,0,
of lolly; as a man 'he is ntiither better nor worse j	
thnn any other mortal.     lie, too, is governed by
forces which he must recognize or perish. Per-son-
ally hu may regret the suffering that ciimiok in the
ranks of 'those engaged iu tlii; industry from which
lie derives liis profits (provided lie ever hears about
il.) hiit.fhiit is as far as he cnn go to alleviate eondi-
t ions.
Tint impelling force of industrial mrtivrty being
llu- I'rofit to lie made and not the use to whbih tho
arliclcs may he put erentiis niioiiiitlies xo evident
everywhere, vizt-l'overly in lhe midst of plenty.
This is so self-evident Hurt it looks almost superl'lu-
nus to ejtU iiitetilioii to it, miii yel there are thousands of people well iiifoniii-d on most topics who,
on the ipiesition of eeotiomicH, are fully exemplifying
lhe old saying. "There nro none so blind as those
who won't see." These mime individuals, whilst
talking about   "visionaries,"  ■•impriieti.-iiliiliKts."
First it was those niuighty. unpatriotic Yorkshire
coal minors who threatened to drop tools if tihe 4tl.
»< day was not forthcoming. The conl owners were
very loath lo pay the increase, but ultimately, out
of pure ktnd-heartednesK and true patriotism decided lo eoueede these outrageous (f) demands which,
had they nol done, might have most disastrously
effected their profits. These, since the beginning
of the war, have become so huge lhal a serious
slriko would have spell the .slaughter of the goose
liml lays lhe golden eggs. To have been lacking in
patriot ism and I'rofit hoth at ihe same lime was too
horrible a spectacle for serious contemplation.
This eiilnmrlv averted, now the workers on lhe
of till portable apparatus to be effic-, .. .And u was good ln the people's
lontly earthed, with the exception of ,eytS( for they lWero dull of understand-
lampbolders protected by an earthed ilnRi nnd they diligently brought water
or insulating covering. Two distinct !unt0 tl)e tank for many days, and for
earth connections may therefore be;everv ,buc.ket which tliey did ,brln« the
required, one for the lampholder (If i capitalists gave them every man a
unprotected), the other for the metal|,„,„„,.. but fov every bucket the cap!-
■ • - .4
work of the lamp, but a lampholtier
can be readily so protected by insulating material that a person handling
the lamp is not liable to get a shock
should the lampholder become charged, in which case It Is uot required
that the lampholder shall be earthed
at all, and further, attention to the
ik'Mt-'ii of the metal guard aud its at-
taichment to the portable lamp, and to
the design of nny ether metal parts ot
tht' ;, mny remove the necc.ii.iy
for an earth wire of any kind.
Regulation 132.
In any part of a mine In which In-
flanimablo gas, although not normally
present, Is likely to occur In quantity
sufficient to -lie Indicative of danger,
the following Htltlltlounl requirements
■hall -be observed:
ill.I All cables, apparatus, signall-
lux wires and signalling Inatruments,
•hall be const metetl. Installed, protected, worked and maintained, no that In
,,.,..„.. ... ;l lyde  have  decided  they  ar-e  lint   receiving just
nt lie Minn-voice e\prev<* llicir bclier there will soon      ' , .,      , .,.   i    ...i i
1 'treiiliiieut. even ihoiigli they have worked early and
hit- wilh n zeal thnt is remarkable, considering the
he an  improvement  and lime* ■*grmv  belter,  htttj
*     '■  *\t\\ t*
when asked upon whnt Initmlittiou tliey base theirj , ... „     ,   w.i.i...n, .....i
1        ,. .,    ,   ..      .    -     . .. HeoielHiians proverhinl res«u«ct tor the Sabbath and
stati-m-ruts ate wo-c it  v   ticfitig in funiMntig any t ' .'        ..      .   , ...
s ' '    *      „    r i        i-      ' have not heHilaleil lo hivak the .Mosaic law in order
.olMM-ele   ri'llSlMI,     Tll'SSCll   llirllier   oil   Illl'   M|li,|eel. .   ,      ,
.    ,. , .. „.    ..,,   ,     ,...!,.     i... „ *.-'".*-> .i..o|!,iS' ol IU- ini 1 wiiiiiiiiiHlmvid* ui'.gni i,,,„l
thev iisHiinie the liitalislic iitlltude ol "ll s ithvaysf	
,    •     , . ,    . •*,**>• ,*     shattered to bus.
I,.en tli-M wjiv and alwiivs will be.    ignoring altos
tallst drew forth from the tank to give
again to the people, behold! tbe people rendered to the capitalists two
" 'And after many days the water
tank, which was the Market, overflowed at the top. seeing that for every
bucket the people poured In they received only so much as would buy
half a bucket. And because of the
excess that was left of every bucket,
(Cunt(mini on Ph*c« KIkIiu
.For the Knlsomlnlng of Coal Creek
Public Schools, same to be done during the. Waster recess tl.e., April Snd
to April 10th), Lowest tender not
necessarily accepted, Address all tenders to—ll. Hillsborough. Secretary to
Hoard of Trustees. Coal Creek Schools.
TiMHlerx must be received not later
than iMnrc'i 20th, nnd should be mark
the normal working thereof there shall |e«i pinlnly on the. out side "Tender."
ic uu risk of open sparking.
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
(II.) All motors shall he construot-
etl so thnt when any pnrt Is live all
rubbing coiiinitH (such as comniuta-
torn and slip rings) are so arranged or
on-elosed as to prevent open uparklng.     m ,        , „ , „ ,„,,,„
,,.. , Tl,„  '  „w, .,,'„ k. «»t»»h      T»ke notice that WII.MAM DCMAI),
llli.i The prauuiv shall be noVtb.\ot ,,„„ „|vo|. farmpr fnfon)1(, t0 n|y,„y
• ***» o'l apiaii'ttius ioiUiwUh    it   »>|hi,» , mr piTmi«stoit to piirclmse the follow.
District ef Kootenay
I h-Hpite I hew evidences of tlieir Upn: king Is being made,     The prM- Ing described lands:'
*t.,.i...f ... ii... iiMti..,.<il'ti<.. lit it ish cause  I hev Uiixvl^c   !ial! no) bo swlMhe.l on again', <'«mm««nctnii „f  „  post plant «l  tit
.iteiici in uie oi uie i*i iiisii * num, un,* ,,HU       ,. ,. a .     . "   . ■ the north-ossl eoriicr of Lot One Hun-
miv I n iiiforiiietl that miles ll.ev reluru to work ««d.Hl «^ ap mratwi has btonoumloet-Jni mi geVenteen  (HT). west
>'eUier ihat the history of lhe pnM clearly tleiuoii
«.ir«t«-s ihe fu-t that llwrc has been, and still are.1
UIC..-M.JHII cjianifes in projj-rwH.
l-'oitiiimleli   the Very  toiv,   of .•iiciiiistaiM-e,  i^( ,„„.,,,„„„„„ |t(.,.wiM(.1){|y bobs up iu thc minds of ,..„„.,*.»,.,„,„,. pha(n(i mn w ,0M (0 „  po|n(  on
e.nit|.ellinur iimny lo look d.-cper into the vil«l «|»<*-   f!),.si, ,t)M|,.„„t,.„N ,?(; 'Uow is il liml lliis fifjlit     "Iv.i Kvery  electric lamp shall  .ie wnstline of l.ot 2»fl«, thence south to
li.o.H  .1 lhe dny. and llnwsrh they iiiny flounder* , -     f , .    . .    r ,. • Unclosed in an slMlght fitting and ihe sooth west corner of I*ot 2980; thene*
, . ■ .:       wntf«'H ior ire.iioiit iiMiius in out .om oi iiMiijt v i.„..^^i«,«ii„ cast III cliulim inon- or less to n post
..        ....       . .   , , ., , . I. •     „. . ,   i   !> ''" ,,,f''"-,,*'!'n «>r am °t Mt dtilyjrhslns more or less to thn north-west
tliey will l«- iiil.jeci to nmrlial law.     It is ex-pe-tcl in,|i0,IUtHl  i4g-ssUnl8 mt]  iiw defect jcornrr of Lot 117;  theme north  10
nhev will submit, but bv no means with «o«»d t*raec. u* n«v» has -been remedied or the ntlfthahis more or loss tothe north-east
iiisiment made 'Corner of Lottf-MS:  thence east two
umiMKl witlfMit any appai-iil iidvau.c any »<''«"'; illtf"llt, ,,v |,.H(M tlll<| bounds, largely du.- tit the «,*-l,£W,J/h*P llS'*,r f,h*" ** h<,rmptlf,iny oTUt'ulmT i\mwt"umiib io chains
i'«'irai'.ll< »4 ..I  il.s •Miwuiiif rut.hl.i. nlu.h mii.v In-,,„.,,;,„„, \*unn9,,% „f ,|i.. shipowtierM  who earn oii1**^,^
lrikeill*iH<llvMll«l»»MlllW^ n|lv   inUTf^r,,,,.
I.".Mi- to fiilbolll. Hi'M»nli«ei\e ul far ttr*-;i:»r*
more or lca<* to the place of com-
if-i't) laittii shall b* provMctl. mencenient lutitnlnbij:  l« acres more
froiiiLtnti u-i-ii with cieh meter when work- "•" I*8*.
y,'.,t   iLri*,nnim.-l, xxlnW*  '.it
s..i.,| M-    - l» merely tin- „„«.ote „f m*m,*t„ *.)*-. ,^Uv  uWuiMt „,,. „,„„ ,„„,„
.-Im-.     Tie  *..lnlion lie*  mil ill it.wpliiiil the «ttc»tun - ^  ^ «,»,!|,(,rIt V."
.,( U:t.\. t*   <i» ,it»il»'i* h"« i-N'v.'i' llo-v amy If. 'o»f
IHU ut the uidiwdiml proiitiijf into Ito* -'tiilwi lino
»*-«}' >tr h»T*'|lf
I.   to feet
She Ota
I  Ifi-r, >ttiil ►Honl.' %ev InMrn'ttnn nf fir■■-'
iledl''!""'' r*nP'*!,r fr(im meb nntety l*m*i,i
PHirntity H'llt, isi'.
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
Menu a la Carte
Special Rate Board and Room by the week or month
1 '
European Plan Room Rates
50c ft Upward.*
American Plan Rates
tl.50 ft Upwards
niiotlo-r  Mi»trtti'-c  <»■**   nfl-luld   ltc«l-ii|'y   *-■'"■
pciifinjr itself.      When file worker ob,j«,-is »o tic
Oiassllletl Ads.-Cent a Word
ibe |ici-»t»ii hji(H4iiM»il   t«   work   the
iiiivnr uleiti f-it tl-wiih cut off the pros-
fine ibt'rt*1rom itnd rt-twrt the fwrtti-r
ii  i fr-'ittin, etamlner or d-mnity or
-I.itiitiiiir |«ruce*!« lie in iIiiMm-i! iiHfwtri««tie by   "b^^t'ScW. ^        ^   '„, "~""     ~~
'f^mnttitU* U*r hi- Akiiiiiiiitf. wlio nev«r Minis' their > ^^  w„,fl„,p  ^.„^1,«   „„,,  ,r t** "','t,"" <Tl"v
IHiSriotiiio to interfere with th«» inwrtioti **1    y    >»••-   »„ «, ,, Pf. nt nindein twltcbtetir Is n*»il |^,jiM.r Offltt,
~   '*"""*""" tween "p" nml "I" with Iheir *"l,iily)trio|i*«m.*,i'be rc»|tilr*'iiients ot thl* refutation at*.
Luicvtip-n■ »i Mie-*.' colinim-* wc r-.'pro*iiii.'c » i**ti."»'; ^j,,,^,!   if« #%noni»i. "i'niril." wmthl In- emlwii-   r**wl« irmbles  and  n*sr!**tchi*r>»r run '"*"..
•»i.|, "it*., of CnlMto «»tiicli v.-« ■• Hii'l-eiNlti'i A   ,.,,i  * *       ' ,,1r!"* '•* consl-!»r«l "sp-eela!" rennlre-   TO l?KXT—Tsro Fmrolshed llootrw:
-t''t'''l> mi.i,»;     '*,i*    *,',.*,    '.mrn'M   iiMm    1-ifl *•■* *isr,rtiXitfi -Iwi'v lift   Hn-Wl!»-n»t   **« r>
kc UOKA.O ioiioOL
nn       **   ** -f.***f •.
f%.Vt\*vt      ^1
Th« Houtehok) RemeJjr
trom t-i-
•i.iiMtiiioit v
~" """ —'—-*—-—-«-—- rn'iH»!ele|v ^ucloted initrlittcar are In.
<trnli s» pnir of \***nU mid yo« «*• l-. |t.i-d; noi-k,. .* ■ «,:J txtt, 4pt'iin\,1*-.     A* hs»* ntren-ly
The (...!   t  it«i»i |tt-<-%»iiiu. 'mt titiforiiifiMffly She' |NIK,. j»r«fit by fiiriiUliinit wnrthletw ft«'l'ifeiir nod  l*en i>n!nlr>:l mil, to use the tt»»l tyns    ro,t 1MMEWVTK BALK—One T**
ml,  -m |Wrli.-itl»dy rioti^«lil.. m» .toliHg) V,MI „ j|| •«• hoH,*n*\ XxUh » ffovertltlieirt   itivr*!.?».«'   **Heh*#sr  My ' In   lb* fiul   ••^^.ku!^1     vZ* KM    IxZll
...    '*    ' .    .   ,     „    -i^.j,. ". ■ irnnrj-on wcwnt nt lower mslnt«n0B ,!»'h 4atniar».    i nci» nam.   Appiy
«,ll, th., .jm,t..,.,. :., not ..,.»,    ,«,.- is*  ninmdi  ,»,»„, - |.intraph tll.t w*Vlm* «■ Thompson Co.. Iltsliwow, Alt..
-t :if rn- ;
m*ittiim*tt. ton Iht-♦*lii<'iili'»iu*! depart»if»t ho*, nh***
ttt'i-t-i <!«iH ^pj-rew"'! t*'<   -*y,-9. ->*i:*i'->,-t** --itt  f„ ■«'-j(jjri^(.   w4*}t  hfm*Hf un   tb*  iiimf^linMit   -jrfrtu
i'«-«»if«l««. .-.►i»«i-.|wriflv tlie ilitaLwni** ,\i*\*ia\ •»•:! I ,.».,.„ |j„ |,ai th,. elwiiice. , ....
..... ,**,*        *, t<R4 tm threetb%» tsnttmt jn »oH„,      .   .„. „   ....   ._.__ „»_.„.^.
mnmmi  Im Nvirtl>if1r.l t.» si.»   Wk »»f t-iu>*rmti»i*ni ,..,„...„,...-. ,f (^ (,|U <;<>  ^m ^ ^ ^ ^   \mW. TOR  gALK^'-rour-ltootncJI
Tin- roiitrM!* are |ir»eile«I fX|Miiu-ntM   «f   thej    Refore HAertUm the old j»iirty pnKlWiin -nHnbrn :U-. hiV-i'-m w*tat* or lh* snutrreMlousft nnd half let; ToflH and efertrte
'•rta.*»i*t.i-th«'-|jiiwr' family m n mmm nf **»tvtnfr*i»«-»ir «-a«.«l. »f!•■■;- «-i«*eli«.» h? -nhnkr*, ymi *lt'.»jrMher. ■-      »*:*. Utht     li*. 'M«cith»r»oa Atrnm.
,,»»»,,„ »"i im riv^im nmimi   ot   motor.   H»H »ALK <iHKAI'-T*o Hootiwd-
TV -h«ilt»*l »»*ve vent -^♦hl nn th«- hh»<*K: Hie wav* <ti-«|| h* -cnHowt to »•»» nretmtl i>t»«i ,,).l9l„l,^ »„„«,.  H|,t, WH*i„r nTt*i e)*e-
.v-.rktnt      It |4 i^lsnUs to tto awiir,,,,. J|jcJ),.  „„ ,,„„ j„,     A.1(l)ji Ko, -* '
«:th such nihhtB* romsrt* «»tlrtljr,t4t|<|it>, AtmWi ABnM, I
,'vlv **■
\y *
LW A Y S  k*«p • bonis of Ciw's In
(Imi lisww te *r*a4if***a in* »n atmteanrr.
thet* m, mnt th* \***t dant»r of tnr ill      '"-r^
ttatl mt Uoittep t mm in »ir •-*•», M tUMtton
fa taiitlr in ecr.otd Willi Natui*.
Em's "Fruit Sati* contain* th«  anlenbte
eontilturni-1 of iif* fruit In • fmiubls, -sfreaabb
■ml simpl« form, nmi hi in **my taapaet m
WmlMi .* thn J-nieos ol th« Item Item wbitb
His obuifttd.
AoWjn -»ll «■*>-• piinelpul towns snii cium ol
frafmra/l ttmh hy
IC ttO, Hi, 'ttmttk"tatU,U*tm, tm. Tra DlSTMOri^
♦ *♦•*
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦«>♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
The -Ladies' Aid In ^connection with
the iMethodist Church, held a "pound"
.social in the church on Wednesday
evening last. Songs were rendered
hy Messrs. Davison and Luxmore, and
ilrs. U. L&mont, and Misses MoCourt
and Joyce. Misses Joyce and Newbury rendered a dialogue entitled
"Family Squabbles," in a very credit-
Able manner. The chair was -ably occupied by Mlie Uev. J, Stoodley. After
the vocal part of the programme had
been completed the chairman called
on It, Billsborough to sell the. various
parcels. The exchequer was considerably augumented as a result. The
pom-mittee desire to thank the donors
«md all who took part.
-Mettiotlist Church—Sundny, 2.30 p.m.
Sunday School and Hlble Class; 3.30
p.m., Uiiolr practice: 7 p.m., Prayer
meeting; 7.30 Gospel service. -Subject,
"The Hard Way." Kev. .1. Stoodley.
Presbyterian Church—Sund-ay, 2.30
p.m., Sunday School and Hlble, class;
7.30 p.m., Service, supply.
The usual monthly meeting of the
Ladles' Aid in connection with the
Methodist Church was held on .Tuesday
evening. -Several matters of great Importance were dealt with satisfactorily.
lady runner of Victoria.
Strong representations are about to
be made to the powers tbat be if something is not done in Uie mail service.
The inconvenience caused to the people
of this camp owing to the late arrival
of mail is of no small nature.
Will local "Moose" endeavor to put
in an appearance at lodge on (Monday
i, wlipn nominations   for   officers
will  take  place and othe-r important
business transacted.
'The members of the Club turned up
in full force on Friday evening to offer
a parting cheer to their fellow members, who had volunteered with the
3rd contingent. Billy 'McFegan occupied the chair in bis own inimitable
style and after a few local turns had
been staged, the chairman announced
tliat in lieu of tobacco und pipes, the
'board deemed it advlsuble to make a
j in one tary present, nnd each of the volunteers received a package containing
?;i. The recipients eticli responded in
turn and our genial superintendent, in
n very masterful -speech touched upon
tlio situation in general, expressing the
hope, which was endorsed by all, that
they woald all safely return: Tlie
chorus of 'rripperary" and "Soldiers of
tho King" was sung lustily. The following well lmowns contributed to the
program; Bill Young, D, Home, J. Millar. .1. Hamer, Wm. Puckey, T. Wood,
.(. Paterson, H. -McAdam, Fred Talbot,
Too many women struggle
under pains and aches.
They are not sick—but weak,
nervous, irritable.
Such women need that blood-
strength that comes by taking
strengthens the nerves, aids the appetite and checks the decline.
If wife or mother tire easily
ar took run down, SCOTT'S
EMULSION witt build her up.
„>u    ,. 4 „ „    „    l\V. Morgan, J. Brennan and p. Gill.
That the present European situation'„„ ..        .  ,.,„*„, „, „u„„t
.-  --.  „•£...;.,   m.-  tLit.7,,  _.,... i Hie proceedings terminated at about
has not affected  the football enthu
siasm of this camp was evidenced by:
j i 1 o'clock.
the large attendance at the Club Hall
Dr. and IMrs. Workman left camp on
on Sunday eveniug when a meeting' Mondu>' ™>mlng for a short vacation
n Seattle. Wash.. As this is the first
of all Interested' in football was called
George Smith occupied the chair. The
"balance sheet of last year's work -was
adopted and we are pleased to report
thnt in this connection the club ended the year clear of debt. It was decided to run a football team this year,
and the following officers were elect
vacation the doctor has bad since he
came among us, we all jo{;i)in the hope
for a good time.
Dr. Mooro. of Fernie, Is acting for
Dr. Workman during his visit to Seattle.
The bird with attenuated legs paid a
ed: Honorary President, Bernard'visit to Riverside Avenue on Wednes-
Caufield; President, Dave iMartlnjjday lust- .leaving a son anil heir to
Vice-President, George Smith; with all j gladden the hearts of. Mr. and Mrs. J.
pit bosses honorary '' vice-presidents; .Kidyard. '■ No one more pleased than
Sftciiitary-fTreasurer, .1. S.  Wler.     A grandad.
strong working committer was also! Our local depot presented the a.p-
foi'med. pearance of an excursion platform on
One of our residents on  Riverside,Sunday morning, when Coal Creek and
Avenue has been visited by some evil * bis wife turned out. en masse to give
disposed person or persons, and Is the the glad hand to the local volunteers,
loser of a large piece of mutton. |   -Mr. and Mrs. Quail, of Michel, were
We congratulate Miss Marjory Mlc-Jtlie guests    of    Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mark
hoi. who is at school in Victoria, on hcrjOrnneh, Coyote St.
prowess on the running track, having j   'Mr. Hope, Provincial Scliool Inspec-
A special meeting of Local -131 convened on Saturday with President in
the chair. -The meeting was called for
various reasons, the chief being to furnish the members or the Scale Committee for Sub-District 2 with sufficient
data to enable him to .present a logical
reasons why the earth and the fullness
thereof should be ours and not the operators.
A number of our soldier boys were
home this week-end In their new uniforms.
The public meeting of the citizens of
this town, held on Friday evening, to
decide upon some suitable means of
showing our appreciation of the boys
who bad enlisted, brought forth much
discussion. Eventually it was decided
to present each volunteer with a bracelet watch, and Mr. A. Kelly and -Mr.
Fred Padgett will hold up every body
j both inside tind outside of this burg
I from whom they think they can col-'
leet a subscription to defray cost ofj
presents. A committee comprising all
the ladies present agreed to attend to
the inner wants of the volunteers and
their families. The arranging of a
programme was left in the hands ol
Messrs. Hallworth Hud Evans.
A meeting to report1 progress and
further plans will be held on Friday
■The   mines   wnrltert   threw  days   inst
Work is still very irregular, and
average of half time being worked,
while No. -I Soam liitoi'iiation*il Coal
and Coke Co. has been idle this last
tw-o weeks through caves in the Main
The regular meeting of Lo?al 2633
was held in the Opera House on Sunday, Fe-bruury 2Sth, President R. M.
Morgan, presiding. It was regularly
moved, seconded and .passed that Bro.
Gillespie, Recording Secretary, be appointed Secretary pro tem. while Bro.
J. Johnston is tic-ting on the Scale Committee in -Calgary, -Minutes of previous meeting adopted as read. Correspondence read Trom Boiler Inspector re
alterations to be made on boiler in
Opera House. Agreed that it be handed to Hall Trustees. Correspondence
read from Porcupine Local Union No.
1 15, W. F. of iM., re loss of hall by fire
and soliciting assistance to replace
samo, agreed that it be tabled. Bills
received and handed.'to, various committees. Bro. Wm. White was appointed to vacancy on Finance. Committee.
Agreed that the action,of the.Hospital*
Board in reference to the staffs' salaries be sustained.     .Meeting adjourned.
-Billy Allan has-severed'his .connection with the International .Coal'and
Coke Co. and left on Monday for Twin
City, near Edmonton, where lie will
assume the ditties of fire boss.
Born |
Febritary 25th, to; Mr. and -Mrs. A.
Johnson, a daughter.
February 27th, to Mr. and Mrs. Alex.
Messyssluk, a daughter.
February 27, to Mr. and Mrs. H. Carr,
a daughter.
J. Ainsworth underwent a successful operation in the Miners' Hospital
the latter end of last week.
'Coleman and Frank played an exhibition hockey game on the Skating
Rink Friday evening, when Coleman
won by 6 goals to 2.
pltal, ambulance conveyance, etc
Needless to say nothing being suggested by anyone at the meeting to better
present conditions, the meeting, -adjourned sine die.
Frank Barringham was a visitor to
Lethbridge on Monday acting in tlie
capacity of neutral scrutineer- for the
election:of secretary of Local 574.
•The Bridgend School Board held
i'heir annual meeting in the school on
February 25th for the purpose of reading the annual report and electing
trustees for the year, -The board elected are as follows: Finlay -McDonald,
T. E. Percival and T. E. Skeith.
Donald iMcNab was a visitor to Calgary, this week on business pertaining
to the Miners' Union.
At last Sunday's meeting of local
No. 118!) it was decided to change the
day or meeting owing to the ' ack
shifts being now taken off, and yi.eet
itrgs will no ,'. be held on Frid.iys at
7.30 p.m.
Regular meeting of this local was
hold here Thursday night. After the
usual business was transacted, Bro. 11.
Otilics, of Baukheud, addressed the
meeting and discussed along with the
miners here a settle of wages for a now
, The mine here wot keil five dti>s last
The It. C. Convention of Labor was
held this year iu the City of Nanaimo.
There wore no forhmllties in the form
of "speeches of welcome" as the late
strike had drawn the line of demarkn-
tlon /between La-bor and Capital and
those commonly called.."the' public"
had to show where they allied themselves. Nanaimo Local No. 2155,
United'Mine Workers of America, soon
made their presence felt by having,
through their experience of the strike
and the lessons learned therefrom,
drafted several Important resolutions
and had them down for discussion.
One of the most important was on the
question of "picketing," und reau as
"■Whereas lir ludustrrat conflicts
between Capital and Labor it is be-
couiing increasingly necessary for
Lnhor to have access to all available
without investigation; that, the offic-jder the disadvantage of such a law
ers of the Union .-were apparently in-;would be to maintain absolute silence,
different as to the effects it would!to abnegate, in fact, one of its su-
have on the strike situation or future Ipreme duties as a newspaper. For in
strikes owing to it. being claimed as j Colorado u newspaper in such circum-
u precedent. However, even though j stances is to have no rights whatever,
it did have its effect in the loss of the iThere'will be no trial by jury. TM
recent strike and the deplorable con-j governor may suspend at pleasure if
ditions left on the men as a result of j in liis view the newspaper has incited
such loss, we have reason to be glad riot. The United States is usually re-
to know it was only a ••huge Muff";girded as a free country, but'if such
imposed upon us, and the workers of ilaws . may' be placed on the ,-tatute
11. C. have the same liberties as the.I books,of. one or more states, if the
workers of England and■■ elsewhere,;great bulwark of the liberty of ihe
and arc. .confident the foregoing reso-j'coiumuilit.v, the freedom of the press,
ltttion will have .the effect of educat-jthe (battle for which was won more
ing the workers of B.C, that, a similar j than a hundred years ago by John
bluff will not he so easilyjmposed oni Wilkes, is to be destroyed, the other
any section when they have reason to j rights of a free people will not long
>    I remain unlnvaded.—Vancouver World.
is-1    "To ■ussemule together in herds by'
Other important-resolutions will'
dealt "with in 9he next and other
sties of this paper.
They are passing a law over in Colo-i
rado that gives the governor of. thut j
state power to suspend any newspaper
that publishes articles inciting riot.
Certainly newspapers should not publish article that Incite riot, but what is
inciting riot? Say two articles are
published, one in a newspaper opposed to the ideas of certain people who
subsequently indulge in a riot, and another iu a newspaper supporting them,
the first violently Abusive of the potential rioters, the second equally abusive of the other side, who shall say
wliich of these incited the riot? Again,
say a strike is in progress and a newspaper publishes an article maintaining the justice of the demands of the
strikers and,, so pictures what it conceives to be the wrong done theni that-1
get worked'up about it and a riot follows, can tlie newspaper be said to
have fticitetl* the riot? ■ It might well
be that in no one of the three cases
suggested was there the slightest intention of inciting riot, or it might he
|hundreds of thousands; to march day
jand night without rest; without any
j time to think or to read or to study;
j without being the slightest use to any
living creature: wallowing In filth;
sleeping in mud; living as brute animals, in a continuous state of stupefaction; to pillage towns, ,to burn villages, to ruin populations; to meet other heaps of human flesh, and to fall
upon them, and shed rivers of blood;
to cover the fields with crushed and
torn bodies stained with filth and
bloody earth; to have one's brains
blown out, or lose one's arms and legs,
and die like a dog in Borne ditch without doing service to any human being,
while your old mother and father, youj;
wife and children, are dying of hunger
—that is called "not sinking Into grossest materialism." Soldiers are thc
greatest calamity of the  world."
The above from the pen of the
French writer Guy de Maupassant is'
not "nice," we'll admit, but It has the
advantage over many of the stories we
read In the dally press of being a.true
pourtrayal. glimpses of which we do,
from time to time, glean from private
communications sent by those now ln
• thnt such intention was present in the
THESE are times when
every dollar of British Columbiana  is   needed   in   British
When yon buy foroign-miulo shoos a vory largo
percentage of" tbo nmount you pay leaves the
Province permanently.
-the beat the market uttbrdx—in made in HritiHh .
Columbia   bv   British  Columbiana.     When   you
buy LKUKIK. SHOE*every Penny of your dol.
lar remains right here at home      Remember
t wcsKnti nrnaniron y. " i
week;   Work was shared up as men-1    „Xo KnRHBh.B|,e!lUllIR mcn Iim, a„ I
tlouetl In previous reports. I i»lar." seems to bc the motto of certain1
Many of us nre anxiously awaitingjopflcliils  at  this  camp,   An   Kngllsli-!
commencement  of   work  on  the;speaking worker applied for a job and!
weapons   In   fighting   the   powerful
comb! na tions   of   modern      capital, ,.   ^ ,
a„d . |first case only-that in which, of them
"Whereas one of the most virile '^["..T^"™ th'V10 T"en
weapons of the  worker during the
time of a strike is the constitutional
right   to    peaceful    picketing,   and
whereas during the recent s'rike of
the mine workers on Vancouver Is-
,     ,     • ..,-, j    ,   ,,        ,.,. causes thereof, and that, the onlv safe
lntnl an "Order-ln-Councll   was sup-, . '•  ™"lt
i.i , ,        ii-     'course for a newspaper in a state im
posed  to have been  issued  denying '   ' "tlUl ""
the   mine  .workers   this   traditional',
horrible scenes of car-
|s!on would take place.     Our point in'.    To,iil>' the po^ver of the sovereign
that anything in the shape of criticism |<si,clt  w|th il snl:,,! "8">  !las for 8,Sn
',- .whether of one .-ide or the other--,mauilal   *"'
• t-tteri-d at a time of public excitement,! 	
.ni'sht   incite   rint,  or   be
among the| Charity may cover a multitude of
sins, but we do not think It can "put
ii over" war very much these days.
new government road, and hope to bo
able to hitch on another "square" as
tho result of same.
President Barwick left on Saturday
rltsht for Calgary.
The Kynaston family are leaving
this woek for tliolr ranch In the Peace
Ulvor District.
Mr. and Mrs. I'e'ry, who have boon
the guests of the hitter's Bister. Mm. A.
•May. nre leaving this week for For-
was told by the pit boss to come again >
the following day and  he  would  ai'tj
starlet! on the afternoon shift.     When;
this worker again Interviewed the pit I
bosc lie was told that tho afternoon
shift ilro boss didn't want any English
Micakl: g men on his shift, so there was
no job for him.   .
Mr. and Mra. lint-bank, the storekeepers here, left for San Francisco
last week.     Mr. and Mrs. J. Hogarth,
most, where Mr. Perry has heen ap-1 rrom Hxshtiw, liave taken cont roi* of
pointed station master. | the store.
The regular meeting of Local  431,    rite Joint  birthday party given by
will he held noxt Sunday as usual,    j Messrs.  ltiiwllngg uiul   I)e  Voy   was
m m m m m m m m m + m + ml--''Oi'ouKlily enjoyed by the guests.  The
m ^jtll-hlt. of the evening wns u Oeorge-
A:town   lady   representing "aiiookums"
and tiiiiking quite n hit.
♦'Built for Wear, Style and Comfort'
CoiiHltUmililo illssntlHfiiclluii bus lieem
axprPHH-nil lately (at. tho street coiium.!
pi'liiiiimllyl   concerning  the dlstrlbn-'
tinn <if relief work, the contention h"-!
lag that tho work was not fairly illvitl-l
ot!,   um, tis Ih always tlio case, when!
tln> opportunity wiih given those wlio*'
.,        '   ..   .. ...      ,,, ,,  „„„,..„ rt.!   hero nre • ninny cases of poverty
tlniimlit  they liml  n  k'ck coming or ' "
HtHtlng tinnm. only oni» of thom turned!
up at llu* meeting of the ll«llof Society] ...
,... Monday evening   l«,   the   c0UBP,,j'M'r«M,,lng spoils. lii.Wd
nit.mlx.n.   No one likes a Kicker. h>it<   , n'«   **«*}*  ihm'1'  v
when a iii.m consldors hi- Ii.ik a ttrl.H'.lT""r,Mln)  M*w-
. .    „„,., „,_., „. „ ;    A pretty dance wax belt  in the Mas
•tlu'o ani! Ih instil I'liougli to com<' to a '
The mlnen worked two days I;hi
week and If reports are correct vv»
will lu'  working    les*   bofore    lone
our midst. Some hore are existing
on Ineid and tea.     Th«> situation I*
was   held   on
llllt'tN'llg  lllltl  hl.lU:   h.illl.',   ll   *>',1UL'.»   i'.liti,
In h!« own mind, tit leant. h«< Is com-
vim-ell tIt'll ll fxHn, tind I* not afrild
mile   Hull  nn  St'itrd'iy  ttltrhf.  and   >
goodly iitiinlier were present.
Mr. K. Hr.iiii.iii arrived hrr-e on Tuci
right, and tis a result of,the sup-:
po«ed Oriler-ln-Council men -were!
taken from the picket-line and ptitj
In prison, and    " |
"Whereas during the Unie 'ihe j
Trades and l.nhnr Congress of ('an-j
tula wen- lu session and wore dis-j
rushing a rtvalutiou on this subject]
It was proven that in other pans of;
Canada strikes were In operation
and picketing resorted to, nntl j
"Whereas the right to picket was
fought hy the British ■ workera In.
the early part of the century and a'
liir.v passed In the Ilritlsh iIoiikd ofj
(■ominous giving the unions the lega
right to picket,
"Therefore, be It resolved, thit!
the ll. ('. federation of Lahor, In
convention assembled, urge on the'
Congress of the Trades nnd l/.ibor'
Congress of Canada to see that no'
other supposed Order-lu<!ouncll be;
put Into operation to prevent picket-]
ln«, thereby establishing a danger-!
ous precedent In Canada, and be It*
further \
"Jti'Hulvttl that Di.' olilceis of Hid)
Trades and Kulmr ('ouuiosm iiiHlttt
en the right lo peaceful picketing;
and also Insist on u law being punt-ted in the Itomtnion M-xIslatnn* on
the same line* as the Ilritlsh I'likot-
liiw law."
The reason ilil* resolution wus
an t'ic Htsi'iula  A.i'i bcciuse  t!.rough
Komi- i'Hii«.f or ttnotlii'r tln» rl-ilit  toi
plekH  hud  been <!t«nted  the strllrlrg
miner*  In   the  month  of  Hep»* n'ihor,
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation  In  the  Pass	
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience-
excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
"-■"■'',   iii'i i
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
\\"e will (u en ish your house from cellar to itsrret and st hot-
ti^ni prices.   Call, write, phone or wire.    All orders iciven
i<i'oni|«t attention.
II you nrt satisfied, tsll othtit.    If not satisfied, ttll us.
»o air It lii Ihe rlirht jilure.   It suitKOsts,
n moral. Iiowover. th.,. tipplles l» lhl«:m»»»«7 «'   iM* «>"'*•>■• ,
ens.,. "I..H thos.  make the hAlls fir,     Mr* ■'• »™7 ■*•■""•>  '»»"•   ,
.       „     ...   .  ,.  .,„.„ ,,„,._ .,„.,„ we   iresuiitt' at n meet na   n**('»luary
'lunn,       We believe there linve i)oi*n        ' ...
... i^ ■*.... . . .»..i-i.„. *,,.. .tit «»* Hit' operalors and  in iiewor';< ih.
ni'istithtts nnile, hut rwogiilsiiin the dlf-
kill «■—,*«»■
flciiitles thnt confront those InvestUai-
InK -niises, It Is h wonder that more
bave not been made, There t*w nom*
who would tell 11** enoiiRli to b'tmn
out* u Hii'v tliouulil hy to dolnc tiiy
noiild get somethliiR to which they are
not entitled.
.!(»« Mtilstik utiilerwiMil flti rt|i«»ri»t!oit
fot iip|M'liill<,!tlti Itt t!t<' Miners' llrm
|illdl, oil  Mondtn   I.i»t
Do Not Leave the
Receiver Off.
Some person may want to do business with you.
Do you. Mr. Merchant, realise that when you
cease to advertise you art leaving the receiver
off? Msny readers of the paper have requirement
.»-»» ym-m* »Mk*, m***** mA.m.****..>***■*»•»*i ""*•* ■**»♦**> ■»♦•»¥►»'••
If you do not tell them what you htm and what
tbe prices art, they will naturally go to your competitor who gives thtm this information and in-
vites their custom. ■   m
Do not leave the receiver off your telephone,
ind do not neglect your advertising if you wish to
make it easy and pleasant to do business with
r.-T.'., ','!.'.•  '\t'.iU'.  ■■■ ir;,\'.X.\ti \ \.   ...  ,
ply till ll|i> i<tiil of tin* #tillO' aii.l was
tit  -i   I'tryc  I'Vi'ii"   ri'-**i'tti¥tb*<'   !■**•  t'u-
to tuk.- U|. tho duties of \wt> nf ||,t. Htrlki-.    Th" mlnv ,*or»:<t*
were of the (ipltiiott tlmt If thi^ am*
in 1»> i|.>ii|<"t In Hi»- '.mre "'"" if v*'-
-vto'tta to tfi*,. I;» ''Isitlr-min *>i.*>-'
Mlu'thi't- l!mi«i' ;t(!.ili«il h»- ill*')-* *<irl;-
♦trs <»r ot'it"- iTitft" WIhimi tht* -tit
pofK't Oril»*r In t'oiirrll "* j»i* si'iik* n of
jiiohlbltliiK pcareful pit I.ti ins, :!»•
miner* were of tin* opinion ih»t t'f
onlf-r h»iil lieen elveii i!ir»»«*i frnm Htm*
Isnd. The local nrnvlstrate «fn» tri<»<t
'the rnne itild It «;irf'!tt i \f«ti-tm' 1> c
}irii,*|trt.iB,^t«flmf(. imw.i*'»'» *'M it ■*'«** Itt *">>l*
l/'Ptf.-  iht' nflt'i'r*i "i '!t<' «ini,,n*   ■   ■ •>■
♦ ♦
Tlie  iiiliii'n  here  only  worheil
il«j   m*i   -a«4i  ;iut5  luturf
tool,  mini'  itm ,»■**
The puli'i'' meetIiik m\ itu> i'lb
Felirtiiiry,   !ti   tin   lifiillle-
>f .hwA Vll-yvr*! it
:V i >   ::,  t *.i"1i'
llie.'ltre.   In   ifl-wiid*';,-,;■ i.   ,.,    ,,,-,    ,-      ',   .,.    ,,*,,,*.
*»*•  f»ii-I)    mil  ,<l-ii|iileM«kll(»  »i* «|vi ii  h'*   «He
o m
0* We Autil.t rrnpei Uluil> i.iS, tt
+ :iitt*tm'.m  it -V'tt -wxl-etlitwvi ♦
♦ rorreipontlrnts that they mill ♦
♦ ihelr  coniiiiiiiilciUlons  #o  a* ♦
m Ml-'  l-MVit    ti»    oil     ■>» rUll*»«l»> ♦
tb nsernliu.*, «« the train servlfe ♦
0> havln* been rut down lo one ♦
-^ iriln ilally, mall whlrh here- ♦
+ loton ban reached vn early on ♦
m Thursday mortilntr, now Is not ♦
4*. .i,'»'i ,..<-t*-i h-pfo-** *"i:-,rr>. ircf tn ♦
♦ the event of heinf behind limn ♦
4^ 9f.-tr.i„-iv   ,ta   t-ff,   1-ftt.   *■-,   1;ip," 'r ♦
♦ Jn tlw Usui- lo- shlcli il l* lu- ♦
♦ "t-mdNl ♦
♦ ♦
i.'iiili..'!,  :,!).,in  fiit'lj   In  nil |.ni'iilii« n-ir.' luih-m   ut'tl'l*!'   tint   Uf.'i-     ■mi   !)*<■
to I tile imi I lii the fun,     Thl* nit*ttiiK n« e-m*e i»l«*ki-ilii« ,«»<l t <• m ;r<> miti
a:i;»  i.HM-U  «J   Uie   |,ui';i(  tttiflv'-tUX   t*'.S«jl|M   !»■  *ntt.:lte.!   ■■*■'.:   it**!,t   ilefn'ii,'*'
*lli» **eif *.U'S'«'»*l*'*i u»i' (,h»-h»'Iui*.     * «>'
**:,'-• tihtt  I is.;   ,'•  »•.»■'*Iti.tll!  atut   f»  u-Uier
Company • *^rit* Quality «tor«"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Every,
thing in Shoes
-.I..M,*      *"      ■'       HI*',      *V '»»,    I I' .', , ,*■-]       *-,****.
ii.ti!   hn-.,  .Mux uii  ior -mum'   uri.kt **.'
• ii*[.*>,ii-j.!,;   ••,,  ifi'inmsi* irii*  flits'   l.M*i'f-'" j»-.' Si.'--.i- "?,■' '!
nntl In **t!rh t»ie Locnl Heerrlnf*- «'*'rtlle!. then   Nirtn'nit* !/>» i!
M|*,!ilOS.eit  til 111-  -tlllliMlIU  Sll  the  Wny  Iif   Vlllie   IkorU't-t   1*'j4   the   l.JI'e
'i ti ■
.em e"««." **,*ni*rt*n,} •*» i»in#i«i« ««»•*»»- itumii (ifn-^ii lo *tn in,- *It«i|«*'
till .iirraem-nieitN. Il> the *»y lhl*'|ji.Vr t'-v •.■ »■'■ »<■! *-n#v ai: I v*<i
inii|>!Si>K »<-nt II i'xili* I'ke **ll«*»*f»|{.»l,"*: vit|Miti«« «l    <'inVr if t'om<"t    *t-*;
"M'lllflM   M»tl."  Mill!   I'lltOli   M;iri   St*    '.**   HrrWeve",    l»>    «*«»■    ,t'ti*^r-*l"**     -■*■-
h*i(! nil i!i<vd i(iM)!'i' th-t'j l»,ivr bf-r-n mix *,*, -" *• t- ,'-n'-<, ',: -.*:<■* ,,•
frotti'ii   tu   ilt-ntni,   Aiiywtx),   nnthinf'|||ftt tn emit *f>r''t«rt»-«.Viti<-iS bt
n.ii benrtt irt*m ''le-n r»r Ihp'r i*enr*   i<i*,,,t* •*,*)- '«w,-..- * — ,■* **,   ' «*,.   ,■
no ti e* io be hojwil tin*) wtll rout In trt.te   *lr   1*^**1
■»,* *.,.,   y. ■, ,r<t.r   'n-t.u.- tt,-,'  -hf    '•' i ,, ,•   * '   tf* *y •    ■•'
vol liHxi- ,i|»*u«k  einninli  in „ ;n<i  on '» y  mn.*i(.t- I.
Jh»'-'»' own nlilforw lirsf! "tion' ihe w'fit*' >«tih«»tit ***''■••<: tt
ni* dot*. %b*re ***'#ryt«od>  tmM »*««* 4»f*n->«- *mr*t«****-A
I'.**   \t\mro*\•*'»**,
i.   * In*.   **■■ *
br th<> relee
.mil l.e«r it, »hout uo« to n*l »n tut*. «*rt **»«-) inka-n tb* *«>r<* nf th**.- m"*
W«  lulu jn,,! pm iiiiu sImW h %|ilcnilji|
}i.HM»ritn«'iii  nf
Prints, Qlnghams, Plain &
Fancy Crepes
PRIOIl   FROM   15c.   PIU   YARD
IlH'w hii> nil Hmt<»<» i'ikhIh !Hi«| th»» ticwi'-vi   <|,.wvma«'
\V»> «H^|r«"*t vim jitH^hn^t. tho*»i»j»ihm|- w*-*\\ vvIhii*
HM»itrltiii>iit i»ioin|.l»'ii-
Uon t forget this is headquarters for the best
in shoes. Sole agents for; Invictus, Regal and
K make fine shoes. See our specials in boys
strong, neat school shoes.
rUone 25        BUtrmorc, Alta.
Tilt Storo That SAVES You Monmy   g I
x ymt^trntmaar*,
Page SIX
Socialism and War
How the Socialists Met the War
By Morris Hillquit
During the critical diplomatic negotiations which preceded the Austro-
Htingariaii declaration of war on Servia, parliamentary government in Austria was practically -suspended. The
Reichsrath was not in session, and
was neither consulted nor informed
a'bout the fateful .move contemplated
by the cabinet.      When, on the 23rd jaiisation of the calamity of which we
peace aud to make war impossible.)
If our earnest protests and our repeated efforts have been fruitless, if
the circumstances in which we live
have once more proved themselves
stronger than .we and our will and the
will of our fellow-workers, we must
now face whatever may come iwith
"The   gruesome   self-destruction   of
j the European nations is the cruel re-j
of July, ihe government of the dual
monarchy hurled the flaming' torch
into the exposed powder magazine of
Europe by presenting its now historic
ultimatum to the little Balkan neighbor, the people of Austria were placed
■before an accomplished fact.
The first protest against the uncompromising and provocative attitude of
their government came from the Gep-
man-speaking Socialist members of
the Austrian parliament.
"We are convinced," proclaimed, in
a memorable manifesto, "that all that
Austria-Hungary demands for the protection of her state-integrity could be
obtained, and still can be obtained, by
peaceful methods, und that no necessity of state mid uu consideration for
its prestige requires the Great Power
to abandon tho paths of peaceful adjustment. Therefore we declare in the
name of thc working class of Austria
that we cannot stand sponsor for this
to tho defense of their imperiled- iia-
sia 'wore at war;, it .was to be expected faith and' on: ..plausible grounds that
have vainly been warning the ruling
classes for more than a generation
. . . . Comrades, we call upon you
to remain steadfast in the unshakeable
confidence that in spite of all the future belongs to the universal brotherhood of Socialism, to justice and humanity!"
The voice of Socialist protest was
silenced. "The weapons of crlticlsjn
had yielded to the critique of weapons."
To us In the neutral countries the
situation on first impression seemed
monstrously Incredible. Until' the 31st
day of July the Socialists of Europe
were united by the strongest and 'most
intimate bonds of international solidarity and brotherhood. In the first
days of August they confronted one
another lu sanguinary conflict on tho
It is estimated that from two to
three million   Socialists   have   been
war, hut that we place the re8ponsi-jdrafted ,nt0 act|ve servlce ,n the raukg
blllty for it and for all the frightfully |of the OI)poslng armleS( and it cannot
grave consequences that may arise
from It. at the door of those who have
planned, supported and carried out the
fateful step which has led us into this
Two days later, when it became apparent that >the Austro-Servlan dispute
was but a mild prelude to what threatened to become the world's most stupendous conflict; 'When the war clouds
swiftly gathered on the horizon of aii
great  European  countries, black  and
even be truthfully maintained that the
Socialist participation in the war is
purely compulsory. The Social Democratic deputies ln the German
Reichstag voted in favor of the huge
war loans. The Socialists of France
and Belgium took the unprecedented
step of allowing their authorized representatives to accept portfolios in
the cabinets of their governments,
which had practically resolved themselves  into  Councils of National  De-
heavy, presaging a storm of unparallel-jfense.     The Socialist and labor press
ed violence, the Socialists of Germany
raised their warning voices in a vigorous  and   eloquent   proclamation,  call-
of all  belligerent countries  generally
endorsed   the   stand   of   their   parlia-j
mentary representatives.     It   is  true,
tional integrity. The sentiments of
the French Socialists are eloquently
expressed in the official manifesto of
tneir party issued immediately after
the fonmal declaration of war.       v
"It is the future, of the nation, it is
the life of France that is in question
today.     The party has not hesitated.
"Spontaneously, without awaiting a
manifestation of the will of the people,
the chief of the Government lias appealed to our party. Our party has
answered:  Present!
"Today, as yesterday after the first
trials, as in the enthusiasm of the
mobilization, we know that we are
fighting not only for the existence of
the country, not only for the greatness
of France, but for liberty, for the republic, for civilisation.
"We are fighting that the world,
need from the stifling- oppression of
Imperialism and from the atrocities of
war, should finally enjoy peace and
respect the rights of all."
While the situation of England was
not In all points similar to that of (Belgium or France, the world has by tacit
accord extended great leniency of judgment to those English Socialists who
unqualifiedly support the .war policy
of their government, and to the British
(Labor 'Party, which overwhelmingly
favors the war. The great British Empire presents itself in this war as the
chivalrous -champion of weak nations
and as the stern defender of In't-irtia-
tlonal rights and liberties against the
brutal force of oppression and
Ism, and the world at lange seems Inclined to acquiesce in this somewhat
romantic interpretation of the English
motives of armed interference
As to Russia, Servia, Montenegro,
Turkey and Japan, the Socialist movements in these countries are of so
little iweight and influence that they
never were considered serious (factors
for the prevention of wars in their
respective countries.
The brunt of the Socialist reproaches and anti-Socialist taunts are-direct-
that the Russian troops would attempt
tn In-vad'e German territory, and wnoth:
er such attempt hajL then already been
made, or wilder it would be made
a few days later,.could not materially
alter the situation. • .*'
Neither the theory of treason or
cowardice, nor that of credulity and
ignorance, offer an adequate explanation for the conduct or the German Socialist deputies. The truth seems to
lie much deeper- and to require a more
thorough and -dispassionate analysis
of the situation. '
Had the action of the deputies represented no more-than the expression
of the seventy    or'  eighty-five .men,
this war: presents to them a case ot
national -seifcdefense, they *<Ua not consciously or deliberately leave the path
af international Socialist solidarity,
ta point of naked fact the German Socialists are doing precisely as the Socialists of the other belligerent nations—they are fighting for 'their
country. If they are singled out for
condemnation it is merely on the assumption that their country is clearly
the aggressor iii this war. Can we
accept this charge*'as an indisputable
effective, work and they had been .'fortunate in 'getting a thoroughly coirtpe
tent m*tn. V It was hut right to take
care of '&&-welfare of the men ea-
gaged,Jn^etttlllferous and'coal mines,
in the" mills and other manufactories,
where iwlth itiuch machinery there was
a certain amount of risk iii the employ-
merit He; would suggest standing the
bill over 'to*ttraft, amendments acceptable to all,'covering the point of putting it in operation Jan. 1, 1916, instead of iMay 1, next, increasing the
zone in which was not to be enforced
at five miles from tho nearest resl-
The critical and unbiased reader of j dent doctor, and in making the limit
the multi-colored official documents of
the    belligerent    governments    will
their wisdom" o'r oourag7might be legi-j^ch in win for a convincing answer
ed   against  the  Social   Democrats  of
ing upon the workers of their country | that neither the German nor the Eng-iAl,Btrltt and Gcrm,a»>"' particularly the
to organise numerous   and   powerful jnsli Socialists are entirely unanimous;laUer'     The Oerman Socialists repre-
publlc  demonstrations  to   voice   "the;in their support of the military opera-
'sent a very strong contingent—about
determination  of  the  German   prole- j tions of their respective governments, ione-lhlrfl—of the population of the em-
tarlat to maintain peace." j but the opposition has so far not dsve-i"1™'  aml  lt   was  wnerally   expected
Not less emphatic ln tone and deter-; loped much strength In either country. ithat even after tlie outbreak of the
mined in purpose were the official de-jThe great bulk of the European Social-|war they wou,d contiuue making ac-
of ists arc in this war, if not with love'UvB  °W»altlon   to  thelr  government.
ami enthusiasm, then at least with the iThe fact lhat tUe "erman and  ^us"
conviction of their duty to fight.   TheitrIan Socia!  "enucrats    have    disap-
i undeniable fact is that this most mon- ■ Pointed  this general expectation  has
"Against the policy of violence andlstrous and seemingly most   causelessicarned f01" them vor>' severe strictures
clarmtlons of the Socialist partie
France, Belgium, England, Italy and
all other countries threatened by the
impending world-catastrophe.
timately questioned.* But these men
spoke not for themselves alone, but
for the majority of their constituents.
The great bulk of the five and a half
million Socialists and Socialist voters of Germany ani Austria spontaneously and simultaneously rallied to
the support of their countries as soon
as war had been declared. They had
no opportunity for mutual consultation. They acted on Impulse, which
broke through with elemental force.
It. was not a decUlon, not a policy—It
was history, and. history cannot be
scolded or praised;it must be understood. t
It ls asserted on the part of certain
critics that the German Social Democrats have missed a grand historic opportunity by falling to rise against
their governments. In a way they
undoubtedly have. And so have the
French and English Socialists aud the
workers, and peace advocates and humanitarians and Christians of all the
nations now at war. Human imagination can hardly conceive of a more sublime spectacle than a universal rising
of all that ts best lh the nations, the
men of 'brawn. and brain and hearts
against the savage atrocities of war;
an imperative defi hurled by the peace-
loving people of the world into the
teeth of the mischievous war-makers
of the nations—"Thou Shalt Not!"—
But alas! history is not made of iridescent romance, but of gray and stern
reality. Large masses of human beings are moved hot by remote and abstract ideals, but iby their immediate
compelling interests. When they
scent danger they aet on the Instinct
of self-preservation.
The conduct of the Socialists of
France In Belgium in this war meets
with general approval on the ground
that their countries are engaged in a
defensive war against the aggressive
German forces. The Socialists of
Germany profess to believe that their
country Is under a. similar necessity
to flffht against a Ahreatenlng invasion
of the Russian troops.
Whether the German Socialists are
in the diplomatic correspondence and
/negotiations preceding the .war. Every
country makes oii-Ta plausible case of
compulsory self-defense and furnishes
proof of bertlicose aggression on the
part of Its opponent
Austria was forced to deliver its
stern ultimatum by the open and violent Great-Servian agitation aimed at
the disintegration of the monarchy,
Servia clearly demonstrated its'pacl-
tic disposition by the acceptance .of
the main points of Austria's onerous
conditions and by the offer of arbitration of the remaining disputes. Russia, tn the language of Lloyd George,
"could not stand aside with -crossed
arms while Austria strangled her little brother," and for political reasons
she obviously could not tolerate Austria to become the predominant power
iif the Balkans. Germany could not
remain inactive in the -face of the
mobilization of Russian troops, nor
conld she forsake her ally who, according to the German conceptions as
expressed in the Kaiser's proclamation of August 6th. was "fighting for
her position as a great power and
with iw-hose humiliation our power and
honor iwould be equally lost." Bel-
glum und France were almost physically forced Into this war. Great Britain could not passively permit Germany to violate its international treaty
obligations, crush France and Russia,
gain the undisputed hegemony of Europe and military and commercial superiority over England.
Each of the warring nations. had
vital interests to defend and each
seemed tp'be anxious ito preserve thoso
interest with a sanguinary conflict.
The earnest peace effQrts of the gov-
orunients In the Triple Entente are
attested by every .page of the English
White Paper and the .French Yellow
Book and the Russian Orange Boole,
while the pacific policy of Germany Js
shown as' strongly ln the White Book
of that'country.—iThe Metropolitan .
of number of men," say 30, instead of
20-     .        '   ■
Mr. 'Place did not agree with making, the number of men greater than
twenty before the act was, made operative. He had known of men 'being badly injured, with broken limbs
or other set'lous Injuries, and at times
they had to lie over night before aid
wns given simply because no man
had the necesasry training, Jn many
logging camps, where a donkey en-
gino was used, it cut down the number of men to twenty or even .less. He
thought the bill as submitted meets
the situation and Would remove some
of the difficulties* undor which men
now worked, He quite agreed with
postponing putting it into force until
aJnuary, 1916.
Sir Rlchfltd read from a report of
'Mr. .Mitchell, in his department, on the
number of classes hold during the past]
year in nilnlng camps In different)
parts of the province. In all upwards
of 450 men had received training.
Since the war some classes had closed,
as some mines were not working. A
very lively Interest was taken in the
work by the men themselves, The
bill will be taken up again.
methods of brutality about to be in-1 of all wars in history Is a popular war
Hn" Socialist  arid non-SbciaUst camps
fllcted on Europe the workers of all i in  each of the belligerent countries, j
alike.      Can   we  be  sure  that  these
I strictures are clearly merited?
Of tho one hundred and eleven So
cialist proclamation and the uniform jhonornblc and consistent course loft
keyiuote of the Socialist declarations,to them was to defend the neutrality
In all countries of Europe. As late asiaftd Independence of thele country
the 39th of July, whon till other eham-'neainst the threatening forces of tho
pious of peace hail surrendered in des-j Gorman invasion. It ls true that Bel-
pair to tho Infuriated war gods, thej glum was offered a doubtful guar>iity
members of tho International Socialist
l'uronu convened ln Brussels In a fluai
and frantic effort to avert the Imminent conflagration, and unanimously appealed to "the workers of all concern-
nd nations uot only to continue, but
even to strengthen, their demonstrations against war, In favor of peace
and of a settlement of tho Austro-Servlan conflict by arbitration."
Thl* waa the last agonised cry for
peace of the Socialist proletariat nt
Burope. Two daya later the war waa
practically on. and the Executive Committee of tbe German Social Democratic party lantod It* last pre-ivar statement. It wnn a pathetic document
and roads like t heavy sigh of resignation, a Mb of defeat and aurrender.
- "Tho state of war la declared. The
nest hour any wltoeas the outbreak of
thc world-conflict. Tho wvwmit trials
will thin be forced not only on onr <-.»*•
lira nation, but on our who'.-j part of
tbe glob*.
"Thn International proletariat bn
done Ita duty up to the laat minute,
and on onr sido of onr frontier nvory
none la being strained to maintain
countries must   raise   their   protest. \How can this paradox be explained?    ,
They must express their horror of war]   The stand of the Belgian Socialists')
and their determination to prevent it,"requires no justification,     The most jcialUt <lel,nties ln the (5<?rman Rol(:h'
was the language of the  French So-iextreme pacifists admit that the only jataK onl»" about elghty-Hve.;we aro-ln
formed, were present at the historic
meeting which decided the attitude of
the Socialist :Party of Germany toward
the war. Of these about fifteen were
opposed to granting the war loan,
while the remaining seventy-five favored it.
In conformity with the unit rule prevailing In the parliamentary group of
tho German Socialists, .the chairman
of the party, Hugo Haase, was authorized to cast the unanimous vote of
his colleagues In favor of the loan.
The minority submitted. Upon the
vote on the socond war loan, on December Snd, one solitary Socialist representative. Karl Liebknecht, broke
away from his party, voting In the negative.
The vote or the Social Democratic
deputies in favor of the war loans hat
booh chui-uctcrked un a tune of Socialist apostasy Induced by cowardice or a
right or wrong In their estimate of
the situation is neither provable nor
vory material.   If. they believe ln good
Reichsrath, theXparliament of Austria consisting of an upper and lower
house. ] .	
The Dual Monarchy embraces the
empire of Austria and tho kingdom of
We have this week received sample
copy from the editor of "Science,and
Art of -Mining," Wlgan, Lanes., a pamphlet dealing -with the installation end
use of electricity (extract from which |-i
appears ln the presemt issue) and
would call attention to those Interested that this well-known English periodical sells for the modest sum of
1%<1. (post paid) each bulletins dealing .with the various occupations Incidental to the coal mining industry.
The only leader of the people who
is worth a whoojijs the one who leads
them to think for themselves.
The interests of the capitalists nnd
the laborer are Identically opposite
when it comes to making a division of
their joint product—Capitalism wants
more profit, ^abor more wagos, then
comes the tug of war.
"A fair day's wage for a fair day?
work", varies according to the yard-
la 1534 Jacques Ca/tier, discoverer'of Canada, aod his
crew, were saved from a ter«
rlble and fatal skin disease by
an herbal i en^edy composed.of
the juices and saps oi certain
herbs. Mr. J. Cartler, "of 2192
Clarke St., Montreal, a descendant of the illustrious discoverer, has just been cured of
eczema by Zam • Buk, Mr.
Cartler is a Justice of the Peace
and Assistant Clerk of the
Circuit Court. He ie a member
of the family of the late Sir
George Cartler, one of the
Fathers of Confederation.
Mr. Cartler writes* "Allow
me to express my gratitude
for the benefit I have derived
from Zam-Buk. It is the best
remedy for eczema to be found.
I always,keep It in the house
aa our family doctor. Its healing find curative power Is Immense, I wish everybody
could know the hlfch quality
of Zam-Buk." .
Zam-Buk is the modern scientific
i representative of the crude essences
and saps,  which  saved  the life of
Jacques Cartier in 1534..   Zam-Buk
contains these   herbal extracts plus
modern antiseptic properties unknown
in the 16th century. . Zam-Buk cures
Ulcers, Piles, Eczema, Cuts, Burns,
..Bruises, Chapped, Hands, Cold Sores,
Nand other skin diseases and injuries.
.All druggists and stores, 50c. box,
3 boxes $1.25.
FREE TRIAL BOX '3ri» be Mat
on receipt of this sdrertlaemetit,
n»me of paper, and Ic. stamp.
Address Zam-Buk Go, Toronto.
of Independence and ample monetary
Indemnity In return for a passive submission to the contemplated
Invasion, but the Socialists were among the last of the Belgians to enconr
ago or sanction such a surrender of
tlieir country's right? and honor.
As soon as li became apparent that
Germany would attack the neutral
kingdom, the Belgian Socialists Uiinv!
a call to ihe workers of their country
to direct all their efforts to checking
the threatened Invasion of their territory.
"Wo do so with all the more ardent
heart*," ihey proclaimed, "because we
ara conscious -that In defending the
neutrality, aye. the very existence, of i*^or^-«i*ht»il desire to preserve the
our country against militarist barbar-
lam we ahall serve the cause of democracy and polltcal liberty In Eu-
Thi» goclallata of Prance nav the
a tiiatlon of their country and Ihelr
duty toward It In the aame light as
their Belgian comrades, Uke tho
latter,   they   found   their   territory
physical exiatence of their party at
the expense of Ita spiritual mih*tj»nce
and moral force. To those who are
fumlllur with the character aud history of the 8oclallii movement In Germany the Indictment does not so'ind
convincing.    During tbe*flfty year* of
Pest To   Protect
stick used for measuring-—if tho laborer's, it's all he can get and then somo;
If the employer's, the lowest the market offers.
As a suggestion 'to thoBe whose favorite topic Is the struggle in Europe,
placards In prominent U. 8. business
houses are displayed with the following inscribed on them:
"If you want to fight, go to—Europe!
"If you want to talk war, go to-—"
Friendly Debate In Legislature Over
Parker Williams' Bill
VDCTOIU-A. Feb. 2«.-Contrary to
ox pec tat Ions there whs ho night sitting
of the House last night, though the
Premier moved tbat two separate sittings each day be held until tbe session ended—unless otherwise ordered.
-Moving tbe adjournment, Sir Richard
made It until 2 o'clock this afternoon.
At the rate of progress the House will
be another week in session before pro-
A friendly debate was conducted on
Mr P. Williams' bill to provide for the
protection of workmen engaged In Industrial operation*. The Premier aald
ho had nothing but words of commendation for the member for Newcastle
for bringing this bill to the House. It
was certainly In the direction of humane and propi-r care of men engaged
in Industries. At the sane time it
waa necessary to be careful bow any
their political history, and partlcuhrly
during lhe twelve years reign of ternrjintislation was passed  which might
threatened br the«rm<*d torren of (l*r*\m^f the antl-Soclallsf laws, th* Her. in* «, «#rkw hand'k'Ap to the nm\Ut
manr, and, like the latter, they hurrM!"1*" *»WteU have given ample proof,gad atruggllng Industries.     '
■  fof unswerving loyalty to the cauae of I   When last ni» for dlwussion the hill I miles
~"        * " '       ' """ ™" j International Socialism and   of   un
■%_ daunted physical and moral courage of
(he manes as welt at thi* leaders. Th*
Socialist representatives tn the tier-
f man itei^batag Include every type off
go to the trouble of studying to get
Mr. Hunter (Slocan), said he
thought the limit of the number of
men at one place ahould be, say forty,
as It would often be dtffloult in small
mines to get ohe qualified to do the
work, (without paying a premium. If
a man had to be hired specially because of his qualifications, and he
was not qualified for ordinary work
round the "mill or mine. It would be
an unfair handicap. Kvcn without
certificated men, he found tt was
usually possible to get enough men to
take rare of ordinary casea.
Mr. Hazard (Cowichan) had at
first been Inclined to agree with the
member for Sloean, but having had
a closer look into the provisions of the
proposed measure, be agreed with the
member for Newcastle He died a
cote tn hts own distriot recently,
where a own iwas badly Injured In a
logging camp, thirty miles from the
jnoareat doctor. He thought that the
.threemtit limit from i'iw juwiwa-t i**i-',
jdent doctor might be eaally made flvej
fn the past few months great
The use of a fluid composed essentially of glue and calcium chloride Iu
solution for laying coal dust, has been
tested on a commercial scale at a
Newcastle colliery, In England, with,
It   1-   --,« 1   °-»*»--n„-    it- m,. .
.V—.B—Hini uicu,   uuvvnT>D~il!l]unp; 1~H*0
liquid Is placed In a specially designed
lOO^gallon tank, mounted on wlieols,
and Is applied In the form of spray at
a cost of about 5Q cents per yard per
annum. One application suffices for
three months. Besides successfully
accomplishing tho primary purpose of
laying dust, the liquid acts also as a
preservative of timber.
general Interest bad been taken la
flrat aid movement.
Sir Richard Mrliride aald he saw noi
difficulty In the way of arriving at a
conclusion In the matter,   Tbey were
agreed that It was hit right to delay
the time of putting the aet 1b opera*
Up io Dale*
Tht {tenon wbo m thoroughly abrtatt -of tht
time* b In a pmfahtt to pfttfit % *l! th« ne* ideas
that art evolved. There ie money<a«ving and
labor-aaving In audi knowledge.
Amu m m* ftamo m mere auen a wealth «t real
ufMo-date newe m in tte advtrtiaing column* If
an Invention ia really good, it ean only be made
profitable bf advertiting, ao wWe awake menu-
factum* and dealer* une tbe advettiaing column*
to ac-qtMim you witfe their products.
Af* fim pwiWng 6^ their infositvatiotv?
Oo yaw carefully road Um advertfoementa?
had been laid over at the sucgeftlon
of the member for Sioeaa (Mr. Hunter i because th» proviiloa requiring
a competent first aid assistant wherever twenty men were employed might
j Socialise leader; old warhw* who'work a hardship on small mines and
have itood at the cradle of the mow-* <#wmllla, web as were to be ftwad in
ment and young men «r * new genwi-that member's district.    Without daalttoa.    Men would have to be itfv*»
tion, political opportunists and uncoin- troyine the principle of the Mil, Sir time In which to qualify themselves.
promising revolutionist*, men of »* , Hlchard thought It ponsibte to arrive He was prepared to avrM wub mak-
perlence and careful deliberation *adfat a heal* on which they could agree, lag the aet operative Hve miles from
1 me* ef action and Imyulae.  It la bad •}        Men Qualified Themtetvea the nearvat resident doctor latsead bt
it «ir-'iM*. ihat they.*!**!-* all fc«'-ej   Mr. Williams aald it mtabt have three.   Th* number of mee at eaeb
flest their heads or tamed mmntAt rtt«a i*n4tmty •! flrtt tn b* hart ea *amli:instlt»no* was sttggtsttti at feftf hy
I traitor* in this crlaU U |nda»trle«.    lint lie Isataaced the! the member  fer Stoma,   while  th*
On lhe othi»r hand, Hie rote of th#>'effect of *lmllar provlalona In the Coal,member for Newcastle had held tm
'SocUllHt di>putk» la wiuglu to be *»• Min*-* Regulation  Act.   Before the7 twenty.   Logging eamp* and sawmills
rimed on the ground that tlioy h*a4*i wmn* t*nt In. o^tmn'slim tt wait vittre to^wuva uwetly tuffcctadl by the MU, Hindi
beea misinformed by their governieent filed a ase* qualified In first aid tntn-tln meet ef theee It twiM t*m femmA
^.» ,.„ .„■   -.,,.*. mimmttmt, *«** nnn^tymm.    •'Vow be veetwrta that it was*,that forty 'men er mere were tm-i
'"■*'■' *VJ tu \n ::■!>)  y-tM u«,.*. il».»**.,*«,1iUii*i.;# »*****<** m *»t tmnAy e**mmiyfp-wye*. *
fen-m hm! x-tiu'.))) imtmmd ik* tittyomi mitten togetber withMt two *r PaMf* Intereet In It j
I mnn tnmmr tm the toy nt tlm mt».'*tbtmm tit thm Mat* tnnWoi, A* ■mm]   II* «** tort' mmh tntum *Hh t*ej.
Note.     Th* mmm ot Ignorance i«j*n it bectm* known that «MI1 was;aimgiatIon of the member fer Cowleb-j
j«l«t?«» a* it*** n* the rbarge of ^oward-'tiert-swy, ihe mru ml a!*M»t «a*»llfi'-.*aii mt lb* ietentet (ahe* br the mbtiA
7**, .Ms.**,**** ut* -**.-**.***»# »•«• ,*»*.    -kite amaee <wnmn ee town* te in first «M tnitatsg.     He understood'
no: warranted In gttiag cmdeeee tel held tnm wMh   the   qearts miners tao that I* Vaecwwver   doctor*   sad:
aay uaeopported amnions  ef  their'They roeldbe relied en to provide tbe qualified health Inspectors had given
gimfnmeai, particularly le tontn-Hloa, meant ee aeon ee they found It was'their services free In ronrset of ler-
with military operation*     The br«*n!for their on* benefit. Against the <ilf- tares and ha iraiato*.    The seme wee
{forgery by UiMMrek of the historicjfitwity ef getting trained    ase*    bestree le ether lata* cestfec  II* ate»i
tKma Amomtrk wblfb pt**tpft-it**t tb*'wrm-M off net fbt* ttftwrnr *rr»m, nut hav   nnMitlutwl tile nuiwl *«wlt ot tk* At.-,
jser ef im;#. nn* mttl tnmb te thetr tag each toon.    Tl* d-MMrs retained John's AmbelsMce C*rpe.s4leh had tor!
fmlM**      v,**t*n»* tbt. artnal ytmfrtte nfAnr fft,«fl^ pfi)c« ttjot Oa cLjusW* fmr'suwu  ±*tM*  tMMb (mhmh   e«U«e.      He*,*
'the Tinn**-"! nrwpi wm a t*ntn tdiino m tkron   month*,   egMrt*att*ft*|might a»» aeeetiao. he saM, that tho
•tlfht faaporieM-e le determining tMwete bet*,   aad   *mrtat**tm   term**: ml*** iemiimtetA bed * *•*• twonotit
iutnm oi ttm fSerena «oH«ii**U     i>»   h*** -seethe* Ml* »«wH btf.n to ro5i» rpertslly te gtre butrwrtfon fa ftmaid
\tle fth «f AtitiM* OetiMft; aai Ras-iti* town*.    Tbe mm mo wfwmg ie te mHMrt.    ff* bad bow do»f ftty
Who is Your
00 you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
wc ctiw«iy» piuuucc»iry
us with your next order
Z*£ District Ledger
Phone48a   ;•:    Fernie, B.C.
■'.^0^^ ri%>\
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc.
Rocks and Brooms
Best Quality only
In great variety
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
A. Macnsll
S. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Prevention of Accidents
Some American Suggestions
F. C. Lawe,
Alex. I. Fisher
B. C.
In the report of the Department of
Mines, Pennsylvania,1' the problem of
accident in and about anthracite mines is discussed hy the Hon.vJames E.
Roderick, Chief of Department of
lie recalls that the most prolific
causes of accidents inside the mines
are falls, cars, blasts, gas, falling into
shafts and slopes, suffocation and explosives. |
If accidents inside the mines are to
be .reduced, and they should be reduced by .one-half, special care and attention must be given to the causes above
enumerated. In all mines, but especially in mines iwhere the pitch of
the seam is 'less than 35 degrees, accidents from falls must be given the
greatest consideration.
He asks managers in the interest of j
the safety of the mine workers to put
in practice the following suggestions:
1. To Reduce. Accidents by Falls
(a) That }n addition to the work of
fire bosses or assistant foremen 'before
the employes enter the mine, as provided by law, you will order that two
daily inspections of every working
place (except in mines where breasts
are -being worked full) be made by
the mine foreman or an assistant mine
foreman, one .between 7 a.m. and 12
noon, and one between 1 p.m. and 5
p.m., while the men are or ought to
he at work.
(b) .That each mine" shall be divided
into districts of suitable size and each
dlBtrlct shall be placed in charge of
3. To Re.duce Accidents by Blasts
(a) -That wherever practicable, all
blasts inside 'the mines snail be exploded by an electric -battery.
(b) That all such batteries used
shall be approved by the mine foreman
and he shall instruct the miners as to
their use, so that .blasts can be exploded with greater safety.
i.e) That only one kind of explosive
shall be used in the same holp.
(d) That all shot holes in coal shall
b? tamped to the mcutli.
(e) That a charge of high explosives
6. To Reduce Accidents by Explosives I fears of a people.   Left to themselves
(a) That not more than five pounds
of high explosives shall be taken into
a mine at any one time by any one
person, unless more is required for
use in the shaft.
(b) That high or permissible explosives shall not be sold for use in mines
unless the names of the manufacturer
and name aud grade of explosives are
stamped on each stick:
(c)< That detonators shall at all
j;imes ibe kept separate and apart from
other explosives until required ior use.
(d) That no frozen explosives shall
•lie sold or given to any employe.
(e) That no person shall thaw explosives inside or outside the mines,
except by the method recommended
by the manufacturer.
(f) That black powder shall not be
in coal that has missed fire shall no- sold ,oose ,n kegs> cases or packages.
be withdrawn, nor shall the hole 'be
4. To  Reduce  Accidents
Full supply of following
for an appetizing mes(l to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
• Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's • break*
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66 Wood 8trest
from Explosions of Gas.
(a) That the superintendent shall,
as far as practicable, see that the pro-
j visions of General Rules \\ ~>, 6,.7, S, 9,
10 and 11 are complied with.
(M That oross-headings between jii-
let and outlet airways in each split of
a!r when closed permanently shall be
substantially closed with walls of con^>
crete or af stone or -brick laid in cement or lime mortar. Provided, however, that the inspector may give written approval of other suitable material In mines with heavy pitches.
(c) Thut cross-headings between
breasts, except those nearest the face,
shall be closed, and a brattice from
the last cross-heading shall <be erected
so as to conduct the air to the face.
Provided, however, that the closing of
such,cross-heading and the erection of
a brattice may be omitted on the written consent of the inspector.
(d) /That every permanent overcast
or underca-st built hereafter shall be
built   of   Incombustible
an  assistant  mine  foreman.
(c) That the   mine  foreman   shall'substantially
each day enter plainly and sign with I material,
ink, In a hook provided for that pur-i    (f) That In each mine there shall
We Are Ready to Scratch
jf£ you- bill any Item of lumber not
'ound Just aB we represented.   There
ri nu hocus pocus ln
This Lumber Business
When you trst'ai spruce we do not
tend you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't Blip in "a
lot of culls. Thugo who buy once trom
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
sre taking chances they wouldn't en-
pose, a brief report, stating the general conditions as to safety of the portion of the mine examined by him,
describing briefly but clearly any
serous conditions that may have come
under liis observation and the methods adopted to remove them.
(d/That each assistant mine foreman shall each day enter plainly .tnd
sign witb ink, in a book provided for
that purpose, a report stating the next-
e:al conditions as to safety of the
.working places visited In the portion
of the mine allotted to him, describing biiffiy but clearly any dangerous
conditions that may have come under
his observation and the methods ad
opted to remove them.
Counter ff the/TS6ugfiTlSelr~JuniDer
be telephone connections bteween the
surface and all Important parts of the
mine, and an attendant shall be on
duty at all times at the telephone on
the surface.
5. To Reduce Accidents In Shafts
(a) That every shaft and also every
slope with an angle of over 3."5 degrees,
wherein men are lowered and hoisted,
shall have safety gates at the top and
also at oach Intermediate lift thereof,
which sh;ill bo controlled by cage, gu:<-
bout, or car.
(b) That where men are lowered cr
hoisted In bucIi shafts and slopes, a
safety device that will prevent overwinding and also control the speed of
cage,  gunboat, or cars  at all  liniea.
but shall be sold in cartridges, and
shall not be taken into the mine, except In non-conductive receptacles.
(g) Thnt detonators shall be sold In
boxes of ten in a box, and not more
than one box shall be sold to any one
person at one time unless more are
necessary for a day',3 .work.
7. To Reduce Accidents from Explosions of Gas.
(a) That when electric power is
used in mul about the mines, it shall
be cared for in accordance with Article
XT. of the Bituminous Mine Act of
June, 19>11, as far as it can be applied
tn nnthrncite mines.
8. Gasoline and Oil
(a) That six months after January I,
1914, locomotives using coal, gasoline
or oil shall'not be used Inside of any
mine, and the use of gasoline or oil
for generating power for any other
purpose shall also be prohibited.
9. To Reduce   Accidents  by   Cars  on
(a) That railroad cars and other
cars shall >be handled with care.
(b) That safety switches shall be
placed above all breakers, so as to
safeguard the loaders, and at any other place when requested by the inspector.
10. To Reduce Accidents From Suffocation in Chutes
(a) That no person shall shovel
coal in any pocket until the louder is
<l>) That the loader shall not load
from any pocket until lie is informed
thiii the person or persons arc out
the pocket.
11. Rescue and First Aid Corps S'ieII
be Established
the workers of the various lands, the
craftsmen, the laborers, the musicians,
the  dramatists,   the   physicians,   the
scientists,   the   educationalists, would
toil  and  strive  together  for  the   advancement   of   true   civilization,   for
widening the bounds of social justicei
and human  welfare.     'Therefore  the I
interests   of   enduring   peare will   be>
strengthened   just  in    proportion    as:
democracy   (a  genuine  democracy   ofi
men and women) tightens its hold oin
national affairs, exteriHs    its    control.'
over International affairs, and rlls it-i
self   of   class   domination-   and   iaco'
• (
We must base our hopes of fu;*ire j
peace  not on  this or that change  iXj-\
machinery. Important as that-may be,{
,biit on   the education  anil  growth  ofj
international     democracy     with     its!
wider  faith   and   vision.      Hence, although the racial passions roused and
the heritage of hate left by the war
may subside slowly, the international
Socialist movement must nevertheless{
•be reorganized at the earliest possible!
moment.   At the end of the war I be-j
lieve the workers of eijch country (os-j
penally   the  men   who  have  endured
these   many   months   the   sweat   and
agony of the trenches) will be equally
ready to cry:  Never again!      The international   movement   must   be   consolidated;   had   the   masses  of   European    workers    possessed    sufficient
knowledge, sufficient organization, and
sufficient political   power to  be able
to control their own destinies, apart
from  kaisers,  diplomats,  and   miltar-
ists, the war would never have come
at all.   With the loss and suffering entailed .by this war fresh in our minds,
we must work for a Europe that will
be a people's Europe,   not   a   diplomats'  Kurope;   and  our  International
movement  must,  point  nnd   lead   the
jit iwlll be necessary, equally In the
interests, of justice and peace, that
there should be autonomous life for
the smaller states, A heavy trampling by some big power on the claims
of nationality has led to more wars
and international revolutions than any
other cause.-National frontiers should
bear some relation to national sentiment, and we are sowing the seed of
future conflicts if we consent to the
transfer of territory and people
against their own desire. Though
there should be studious regard for
I federating the nations and securing
ithe settlement ol differences without
Directory of Fraternal
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles. Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings. Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Dry Goods. Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, dents" Furnlahinica
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines
Liquors nnd Uigur*
-feTTElt  lhe"mine~Toreman
iva-l carefully the dally report of each
j assistant mine foreman not later than
Ithe following day, and shall counter-
I sign the report with Ink.
j    (t) That tho miue foreman and as-
! sistant mine foreman on their dally
Inspection tours shall see that General
Uule 12 Is being complied .with, and
In addition see that props are properly
placed and fastened securely at top
and bottom, so they cannot be displaced by flying coal unless broken, but If
displaced or broken, thoy shall be replaced before any other work Ib done.
(K) That miners be provided with a
sufficient number of sawed cap pieces
or suitable length, width, nnd thickness.
(hi That the mine foreman and assistant mine foreman In their dally
examinations shall Insist tbat the min*
er shall remain at work with his laborers in every place where, In their
opinion, danger la to be apprehended
from falls of roof or coal, and at all
times where pillars are being removed,
2 To tUdues Accidents By Mine Gars
By William Anderson, Member of
British Parliament
jrecourse to' bloodshed. There must
(a) That rescue corps and first aid be (.ertain international laws common
corps shall bo established at uac-i eol-}to Kur01)ei With an international court
llory or at each group of collieries, as[whose authority is accepted and
agreed upon between the superintend-|KUaranteeil by the stBteB( and au ln.
"»?_aiid J-H -inspector.—Science anditerngt|onal ^^ force -ror the en-
"Am)!-MflSlHgr " ., ['orrcment of decisions upou any  na-
,   .,_-, .,..., _  ;; tion prepared to play    the   hooligan
land outlaw. To the International
'courts, comprising the best Interna-
itional Jurists, nil disputes between nations would be submitted for impar
Hia! and rational settlement. This
would mark the starting point of the
Meets every Wednesday
evening at S o'-'.lock in K. P.
Noble Grand, J.  Peaison
Secretary, J. .McNlchohis,
meets   first   and   third
Thursdays in month, at S p.
in., in K. P. Hall.    .
Noble   Grand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Alello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
.lolin M. Woods, Secretary.
Kernie,  Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combs.
K  of S„ D. J. Ulack.
M. of K., Jas. Maddlson.
Meets  every    Monday   at
7:30 p. m., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. MoBea.
110 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
22-1. meets iu the IC. P. Hall
second ami fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m,
.MItS. .1. BROOKS, W. Al.
v.'. OUR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
ihir.I Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
it, 1'IMOllTON. \V. M.
J. SHILLING, llec. Sec.
bi'Rin io enjoy an altogether nobler
and more abundant life, making vast
strides In Industry, science, literature?
art, in the conquest of disease and
pain, iu the happiness and euiauclpa-
Beyond The Battlefields
ers into a conscription as despotic uiul; united states of Europe with Its ac-
j dangerous as the Prussian militarism \ ceptant-e of the Idea of public right,
j which Is universally condemned.   To "it means.'' aald  the Prime Minister
we (add to the difficulties of the militarists;a few  months ago  at  Dublin,  "per
One  of the Illusions of  which
have to rid ourselves Is that the war J of all countries, tho old-time glamour j haps by a slow and gradual process,
ln which Kurope Is now plunged is Inj and glory and chivalry of war have'the   substitution  for  force,  for  the
some strange fashion going automatic-! departed. "War h:i» b?«wo mainly a'chaos of competition,    for   grouping
ally to bring about freedom mid*de-1 thli'K cf  brutal   mcciiatiisni—murd-iriand alliances and a precarious oqul-:,lm","»' hrouglit countries to the btlnk
xiOTrJof~ia'Dorrnn_aininHr maitesnjr-
higher civilization.
In ihe new Kurope there should be
no room for heel-clanging, saber-
nttliiiK, pwicc-disturblng autocrats;
nor for men who think that to tlieir
secret keeping should be intrusted the
lives ami destinies of millions of their
fellow men; nor for militarists -with
their ldg flag of force mid their crude
uu!Ions thai tiatlouu are exalted hy
iiiormoiis arnile* und navies; nor for
cosmopolitan financiers whose exploiting operations usually described
as "peaceful penetrutlpn"   have    fre-
llverame. Itusala democwtlxed, Po-jby mathematics. If a census could he
land and Finland free, militarism doa-j taken of the brave, strong m«n who
troyed, permanent peace proclaimed,j»ro fighting and bleeding In the
ete.   That, nnd much moro, may be j trenches, does any one doutot what
Wise, the substitution for all these!»' w«r or Involved tbem In war.
things of a real European partner- \ To -banish war forever from ihe
ship, based on the recognition of equal I world, to battle more fiercely against
right and  established   and   enforced! poverty nnd oppression, to uso social
flattering unction lo men troubled injthe reply would be?     And where Hi»»y a common will."   It will he seen | *'<,*-W«  lor social  purposes that will
conscience  about  this  nightmare, of'tho chivalry of tho submarine and theithat the Prime Minister hero throws'"*' »»».' tank of the new International.
De*faes§ Cinnot Be Cured
i>r ]>w»l •iiulii'-ali.ow, .'• lltrj oiBaol rvwli 111*
tfw^wd iwrlk* «f lh* **t. Turn l» imfr *m*
mr tttf-tirr 0*nt****. i tt»l IMl it fer*
«l KUmllM. Ut*«fu«* U tMMMl ttf ktt luDjtH,.J ,
.-miUiMi <'f tl* Ntnm-m |lnlBf <*t Ibe KMUrfcUn 1
Ttth".   Wli** tlii* itt-bf I* I«*«iji«iI r*n h.f* n I
i^uMtiiM fe-iuui w )i)ii»-ih-ii iti*9iti)4, *ui ah, *
It !• rtiHtvto ittitm Ifetftttut I* III* fr-ittll, aim
n*t*»* -tn* fo*»WNMtta# mn b» nt*n.-wit nut
thl* f«%* fetter** ta tin -swum. ro-Militlnu, to-nr
In* mil lw Otmitt-fint larrtvri ■tin*' raM-* uul uf
ttn ii* ream* if i:i*rtX,. vhMt !• rmHIm but
•S lnn.emn mmMitmttt ite mm*** mttlm**,
XX1,. mm tm tta* ttmaU** Mt«M r<* **r warn
*t i*r*t**m untmmbt^rtmttnt tlmt rmmf tm
\ Cm.   ftr** tm ttm
r. t ntmtrf n cw.. rm**, o,
fitnii l-j IUH'» C»lmrt
Ml*.  "'
*t% frwv
nttU ty Iwm«1*<i. *
T»k» Hull» ftsrt* Flit ft* «MWtH«tk»
'W 0%'WM
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, ltd.
Bottled Goods i Spwlitty
suffering and sacrifice and slaughter
or anxious to fire the flagging teal ot
their fellow h, but It files tn the fa**e
of air the teaching or history. Tm, Illusion Is nil the more nilschevous and
dangerous ulnce It may Induce' nn in*
ta) iThflt «ll gangways and malnh'llwtual sluggishness, which ™' only
haulage r*a<l-» driven after January 1, refuws to think ahout lhe future, bit
1014, iwhere employes travel and coal! treats nil !>ropo.*!il* with impatient
is hauled thereon, shall bave a clear disdain,
space of two and one-half foot from l«?t im not fool ourselves into he-
the top mil or the car to th* rib. ind living that warn forrffil upon tin by
also to the timber, which shall he rnHal, djiiamlc, commercial and mill-
nuide and continued throughout; on' tue tar*s» ambitions will, of thamspiw;,
same side of the passageway, If. In !»»<•!.«. from the volition and drhlrr,
tho judgment of thc Inspector, the c*n-powor of peoples, open the d«or m n
dHlona.wll! p-crrolt; mA «H mb b e ""* «"<l lt*tt*-t YMrov*.
shall he kept fr*« from obstrui'-Uow.j surrounding Ihe probk-ut of in>«<«-
However, il it is loiintl impracticable! I hit* l»  «uwt mt iiit>> i-ail an otiifr
mine that deal out hidden and treach-joverboard the very things that Buro-Jw«' «'■» «ot «ll"RUlse from ourselve* the
erous death to the men of fine coiir-Uwi .statesmanship has hitherto pur. pnutlcal difficulties of some of our
xm who niHii the ships? The twholeUitMl and put faith In. waging to np-;ow« proposal*: we do not protend
tiling is too Kenndess und cnM tori hold these thing* one disastrous ,war li"»' U»«'*' *"' •-** accomplished next
words. nfter another.     .Mr. Awmlth profesne»i>l,»r or the your after; but the alter-
When the war Is over, are the old|lilm,-,.ir iwuly lo obundoii the old:™'1™" '■ ,hn« ,h<> workers will never
ircthMl?. tn iMnaiii. tir shell,,we find alcitclnioid* and Illusions of diplomacy.»"«"< freedom: that for all tlm<> they
Wuer w;u? It must either be lli*r'i.>id to nuhstlttite a partnership or**" •>*■ hioken a'»l crushed under the
taw of force between nation*, .'or'the I autos based on the public will, the'•'»«?««'"■«'<' «*f *'»r: that if they rllm-h
Uv «f eo-ojierutlon.     Klther Ihe «»   i«n»»Hc <-ons<-l<«n*re of Kiitoim*. ;"»» »«""■' ,ltu"' Wi4>' " *'1,» 0,,1>' ,Jt) l0
Hon* will coimtruf! hlgaer and yetj An tnteriiiittoiial fedt-ral «yst«m ap•:,,,, f,«"K i}**11'11 w»,1» CM^iHK vlolonco
' l'„"pcr Rims from *lic mouth* of wliU'h'jil'i-l m Kurope would iimi.i!..' uot ,"m ""' nh>'-K ,'f,, ,l"',, ^Mout
c-'vlll*atlon Itielf will be fired, or thev -t-:.U nt l-nionintlonal court'Imt a «%u»,-f ****»» rejoice In the presenter welter
wl'l turn to International l»« Mr Mm -n■:■ «!».»! I'l-rllBmenl iuv'.* -M> <>!""> ihirtrnens: >w<. for our p*rt wait
"djiiattwm nf thrlr illffi-rentrs. -,, ,<■, *,„,^ i-Hcs    from    thf    dlffiTint. ;■ * oitflt|*»ntl>-to  grpet  tli«» dawn.   Our
Mmiv iirue iliangi^ !» whit miy bo!«nnuM, In !li«. lifetime of Mime now,l>,:»"» <"* w««r> »»i! 1,,,av>' *lth l*>e
...Mi-,! the invchiiultuii of i:it»!«;ti»i<->; i.!i..i >,i«'i. it l'».--Uiii».:ii -%%>al«l uroh !'*vnvh» «f so much wImtj-, pain, ilttath
Ihev wonl?| abolish, for Instance. th«Th s-»lw many of Mw iirob^ints i «•'»«* nionrnlnt; but we an* saved front
, mv>rvey .*hlcft  run  lomtnt?   tx  poopln   vli!ctt tc.i- d:irVeii Kurojif and thre:il   '»»",l""r   "•■caioii-   ««•   ihii kii>   'wtin
by the Inapeclor lo provide such ^ptcjanfl nn Inner bolt of <|u*»t!ob*. and;t«,   i|u»   graveot   obligations
rtJJ   Of S-',i*   |»4    Ih.'ir ltUM**lf«iK«  111   t'OIIHflll.
■rge. »:■ ,i.**uit*
List of Locals District 18
bnn. ooi P. O. Mttom
 JT. WlHMUlty, ttsn»*w4, Alta.
tmntmt Mroa*.. ..J>, Umttoon, MommAlioob. tm Pknoher. Attn.
mOnmttmt*■• .#**...,.*...-tntooo iMMni^ mm tt* tmtmtom, Attn.
Mbttmotti  Was. Aitfctr, ITWuboj*. Alls
ButBiw.,.......,......,•. Q. HsitlM. Passbarg, Aka
Cotbooioln .J. Ukek**. Omtbenbnte, Votmmm, AHa
IMMnfi ******* ** n * * in MHrlOTWI' ff WllWIit wlwpnfi   *nff*9,
(.■^OwMwftV* * * *«** * *• o o * * n # * # «i* «NwHSv>vSi* %XwNRUU AiUU
tiyomm  ...R. OarVltt, torWn, B.C.
t*toook Mints P. Bwantton. -Chinook Mines, Comtntret, Alt.
WWnotim***■»#*•**■»*••****»mWpRi M|IWHI»i i^MRM» mm %2o
ttfhmmkmM^i MPteAiiit *,tu09^9miiieme-nm    Wt^t^mtLm     -KJUMfc
rnuK.  ................•»▼>■■ jstNgaii, mmm, Mmm.
nmt*&. * w**k mgkTe maet»«t. Art*
LtlllkfMvi*>*'*>...•-.. Ia, Itoof^ ITSI ttMC% AfiUMb if« MHttffliSi
.,*»••»** RftHMIfv   *mNHV«i  3IWWi»  Vr iX
, ****** Ti O. Iliflfil* f^ttHMffV* BmB*
ua^g^^ k     am*^^^^^^^^^    ttt^t^^^   MWbm
jiWWt. •■t*4*t«**».#***»•-»* Mb. i^mNVfWW* fUPPTi Ami*
f,mme<*•*■%. Cnnmim*...lUA llvttet. Vmrtmtmwn, Coomntn. tttt.
ViUKHt-x MMt ......... Tax. Be watkt. Xai'itwt*. «U,*RttdU JtoMiUto.
{*'it,  tllt'll  S^fct)   link** Of 4III(lll' tll'ii-a
■Minns shall be made on lhe same «l!«,j<:fl*t* will i>cgln when tin war or ihe »bMu »w bit deveSopmeHta In this d!
jand not more than   l»o   feet   ^pi*«-l,!militarists in af nn end.     UV mutt ren-rm  u rtuitn   unle-'i' demerrftcy.
Iwhleh nhall be llfpt clear ot »h»lnj«;.jllillA om tiwarly .1 i«n»*ibt<« lm#l« ttt--)■» (q tie mit'le « farce, but the. esses.;
t'ons and whltewaahed. | permanent i*<wc.    In ih!s direction It t;,,! rb>uige fi«m «lii<)( m-ifiy iii»r>
tbl That Ihe dlntance betwimn praiMjIa my hope that th» workers of tiwn will n«>* I* om- ttt «ut|«m»t, of 1.1 •»* ;
and top rails of mn u«e«l In hreniis j Itritaln may give n lead to !h»» *orM. :*n*i involves a dlrwt fhallenge t, «'.«
ahall not lie less Ihan two foot, rnd!    The Issue before the IntPinattonal'tlrnrv of »*:it«« ,ind their relailo-i *,■
aald sper shall be kept fref from ob-;i*.»*moer«c.v  «lll  presently    lie    plain <■■»> nuol»i»»r Iit«!i3 b\ *<-n!i«>rnr*, • ii'*«,
utnKtiona. :enough:     Are  the   peop^  l« control ■>••!'*.n»  mn-rfnr'.t*. j^Mli: rv   -t**1, •<•••*»
ttt Th*l  line height   of   gungwuys Ihelr n-htim* *!*h otfu-r emntrl** or Tm :'.ili.l. an*! *•!<-.:. </f l'i.»!,.-.   >:.-r
J«ft«l trsveling way* whert-ln -employ***'hive th#m *«tlled behind IhHr twrtu^Hvt'y. AiiPtrl*. Itunsla, <!r»»at Hrt..t*i,
mm tttut' to (ravel Into and out t*t I>ik -»*t*i-'Im fh* ■vlwic-i'llerle* nf KMriiiK**    Will •-, 7 „- th**-* ,»>.(»■,,    >>..,   <■,;...,-,.-,
» !<e«, »h*ill net It* less Ihan flr# ten* **T'ih»* i**et*!«* **ai»r' Ihefr rltht to nbnit*'!<••»•)< nb<m,*itnn* tw.»»»i«<n tM.*'i »-vS
an In-* (loro tlt«'t(/|« of »ill to roof.       .and *«kl*» itAtional *i***x\ui***. «r  wiil in**    * aritssoiiiitm  fc*-**;**.***
f    <d» Thsl «0 ihtsoii undor the me thtx tt* l*A Ukt* thecp to the ttaothter Hhth  i»«»ver f*r rewove-l    Pnm    t'i.
i«f II >et*rti »h»H Im* ♦>i»t|«U»k«»<l «» ' «l«»f*«-ti»-f t*( )«»IU»1<h*» -i»I  wh'ch  ib**'*hrlfb nt    T*iV'. »hi»K'   tfi--»s -■ii-
., iner or drtv-lr In any mlae. ,«ere ke,*? In ••rtiiif»*let<» l«n«w,i«ri»*     'nWnm-e* wfth t*m* anothe--. h;tt tu:tt '*>
i    i«-i TThsl no person escopt Ihe Am*'    ttm rmt «l c««ino« tn Karopt* bm Aon* onlv   thit   tbe*    auy   *.M»«n4«
1 r>*   •••^11   -M.I/*.   ttt.   tttt*   fttttttt   i*<9t   n*  **i<*.'*•***. 1* I...   ,,   '■••■*• ti*   -».»«*,»•   i'l**,*'    ..,-•   »,.*.*.-    ,..       ■ ,
'*-#r, wiiil nrt wnm »htll rM* beam** it «tt »»»» nrd.tmt-j.pu nt tht* wilili**** «
i*or*. ttnH upon Ihe rmnest of th» tt--Th*\ mm n* w* meM kt*;» ih«» mmae*
jrpertor a test shall be piwrldwl tot by eorsiantly preparing for war. T*b»r
j lhe tlrii-pr, Joti   in  Utnl »if#t$   lor met*  »w» »m
ttt That  In slopes  where  pfwo* lay Ih Mmt armo<*l to Ih* if*Vt  T„t*x
tf.-   Hirrte^l   w^   btrt-ttt-X   *»»^<4i%*   -*ir« tr,*,*   m    -,,.   »*hrmi,if   -fit'*   **-■•  "i-
•shall be piOtMed for lhat p«f|«ti». Il5eifr>trti2   i,  mslnts?n   thit   !•?.■.m<"»'•
WithOUt; Ml   ll    ttlt       •)• ■»,tiHfil»H.        ItfUfMul   (if
I'liSt   «»*|tll«'   't»IM*   IMMi   CU*!    llf   IMllllnrlNltl.   IHH'
frnm   !'*•   w< >   of  en !|t*s«i   nu«]■)'< !tn»
■■ii ! m!*'riis'. **|iil» nt the il!iht'r**:il f-»r ]
i'u»t inli** In thralt. ih*' tuition** wou'd*
Itl-CMtlSf      W«'
run    sny
t III'
l>iw   propheiic   iteuptes
I'lcd on
to light."
•V* V.
1 tttitx ■-     \t.'\1**\'*&*<*     '*,** -A    or* ******
■ tvt *,t***>7t**-n iMVft  **n?1 th*»
"i4 «   * i »»^l
1 «♦#»€« j\
w«»re  thi* ♦"•wmh's
tt ycsler
ii ^}r—:
■'»l »iij' b- ine e'temte* e?
':ln 'b"» *i*t* nt Ihlres. 'Sf**,
i,    .*.*.*..*•      ,.*
tti  vy   it**'***   ni"»«fttit«r»".   *,i
»e«r» to be appri*»e4 by lhe lanipffor ^«»l«i.,»«-. »*i# bal*B*t* ot i» it-
i of the district.
■ ji
lh*-  R*!J|-*S  ft'.V?   I»?    h.     I". l«T-
:*!I»Jv*m-  %.:P. followi'f!, am! l!t<- rt -ut l»;i« jM-ittwl  ih*»« Un- |i*n>»r.-n.*» oi tn.t*.
ig-1 That In gangw-A)* where plai-* i-i'ila-j ij'uk l«l» b.tlmlntu  T',<*; t*«unir*t, trmii* *-%tMH*ioi, mA th*- Ml.-.'
forms are «ne«l, platforms shall not «t- h«vi»   \wrt**-t*A   tb*ir  all'anp«-<*   »n€';ei%n -only tie obtained nt *he e*;i*»niM»'i
Jtft.l wter ibe tot» rail of t*# rar.*     |#gttnte» snd a mnr*l*t In a t*mni*l,ot tbe oih#r». lb*l *nrb t-mmty, *>r|
ill. TV..***   «U< i*   «:Uv*k«-»   xi**-   w*mA ■ ii i j i  i«<  K>tT*-ij*> full ♦"»t',ivoiii   in   '««».«»«>»jt fi t'.tit'trv'.., mn-'.  worn u» nr..
|lt«y slMli ooi etloni «mw» tboo tt Hr(l«le,    Vmnr*.   ttonttt.    «#r»»»y ,'lemnrmn* tb* *»*#«i»>nieni of tba* *>t'-*:
tntttr* e*i'an lur it>»» f*it m| th* rat. on**.A«*««■., J»in». lutfee?. j**mt.   *»«wi-teip«. a*4 tkai low s* th*. imoit urtu"'" ?
itmn tboy nt* at toast li Itclws above temtrn.     Ksfsertsm neA in»k-^i>«i-,*«>»*>* tbvi tbtsoiv *n4. lb* *»tfl »nl<
*iIm> top rati **lf!h  x$i**.r   bt'*tol   *f"tnl*e,i*    ",*•*■**** h* r-4 ni •*»* *»■•- il-c -»,»-*•.*- t,*.
tit That >*•*#** a brtait Is flatritsd^.rl.u-r UuHi bnn* a»*e-J lb* p*oaie[*#»f.
j»r abandoned ft* of»f SO tlnyt   an,to put Ihelr raitfa la lhe law of for-■■•»,{   U-tt to tb#»**l*es Ihe ■lemtm-n-*.*,-**!
■^iptto. not tAnttmwn »b»t  may *%■■ (*n4 w* tnnf. rettnbm tm p%mni*m.   f-wf Bwoj* -*«.'• 1 be »«•«#•*»♦.tliv ^»*i.||
. uud tm*.ii Ut* U*<# liUtU *ti Xkm v.m «Ui*-U,    ■>.*,-,. ,m *'■**• .immXiy \*i*-i*- mt* !'««»*»■;»".*».  mm nm** tr.**** tn**j  pvr* ttt
\tt* nrmm*4 twfco wmM lain ntnmpmA* ttt*. wa*%*|lfep itwti a*4*ptstr n^m tb* but*. *i»f-S
Trffner»«ioi!5 Possibffitics.
Do you. Mr. titttttant, re*Ii«« tht potency of
advertising? It it like gvm\ptm&tt. If it it your
own it amy optti up a gold mine for yoa. If it te
your competitor's, ft may result rlisaitroualy to
you, unless you hav* cut the itiae with tbe tharp
nrhtotw nt jw<r ^ytrn publicity. U your tom*p«li-
tor ia adverting, you cannot afford to atgltct h;
tf he « not, you hi«e a btautifal oyportwuiy «f
whkh you ahottbt take f«W adranUfe. wy
A now shipment of white wash
Mouses, -made in tlie very latest
styles, the materials being voile,
floral design, pique and vesting,
fcjpleiuliil values. Sizes, 'Ai to 14.
Prices from $1 to $2.50
Ladies' White Petticoats 'made
of good cotton, neatly trimmed
wilh embroidery and lace. Hegu-
Inr values, $1.50 to if-2.00.
Saturday Special $1.00
Ladies' Corset, (.'overs, made of
fine-materials, all over embroider-
ercil, and ol lid's trimmed with lace
and embroidery. Regular values
$1.10 to $1.75.
______^ Saturday Special 95
Ladies' Drawers, made of good strong cotton, neatly finished.   Hoth
styles, open and closed.   Out size only.   Saturday Special 50
Ladies Drawers, made of fine eaimbric neatly trimmed with embroidery.   Special value .....,....,.   $1.00
A good assortment of styles and materials; plain tailored styles aud
others fancy. 0 Thev (tome in serge, tweed, corduroy, velvet.     Regular. $5.00 to $7.50.   Saturday Special .... -."'. $3.75
Never before have Mats been so reason-able as this season.   Oqnne
in and see our line of trimmed hats that sell froni $2.75 to $4.50
We are now showing our new Spring Wash Goods and have the biggest, and best range ever shown in this eity. Amongst the latest are
Rice Cloth, Organdies. Lace Cloth, Voiles, etc. These eome in a big
range of flora! effects and stripes.
NEW WASH GOODS, 7 Yards for $1.00
These come in Crepes. Gingham and Prints.     The colors are absolutely fast und the designs are pretty-and exclusive.
Pay Day Specials .........:.... .7 yds. for $1.00
NEW WASH GOODS, 8 Yards for $1.00
These are exceptionally good value and fast washing colors.     A
big selection for you to choose from.   Pay Day Special, 8 yds for $1.00
Skinned Uanis, per lb ; 17
Pie nie Hams, per lb  ^.14
Picnic Hums, boned, per lb; . .' .'      .16
Sliced Uaeon, per lb ,     .30
Fresh Killed Chicken, per lb ! ^ :    .22
Fresh Killed Ducks, per lb 23
Fresh Killed Turkey, per lb .' ]    ^25
Smoked Bloaters, per lb 10
Smoked Kippers, lb •. 12V2
Smoked Halibut, per lh 15
Finnan lladdie, per lb 121/,
Good Cooking Eggs, per dozen 25
Swiss Cheese, per lb ; 35
NTimaimo Salt Herring, per lb 08
Rolled Oats, 8 lb. Sack 40
Corn Meal, 10 lb. sack ; 40
Cowan's Chocolate Emblems, per lb 40
Robertson's Royal Mixed Candy. 2 lbs 25
Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin  -   .45
Sterling Flavoring Extract, 4 oz 20
Oranges, per half ease $1.90
Oranges, per dozen   , 15 to    .50
Wagstaff Js Pear and Peach Jam. per pail     ,75
Swift's Pure Lard, 5 lb, pail .,    ,75
Clark's Pork and Beans, 2's, 2 tins 25
Siam Rice, 4 lbs     .25
Toilet Soaip, Swift's Assort.' '....     .20
Our  Men's
A few specials from our Bargain Department on the 2nd Floor.
Pin Sheet, reg. 5c .2 for
Safety Pins reg 5c card, 2 for
Shoe Lirces. reg. 20c doz., ..
Lead Pencils, reg. 20c doz...
Scribblers, reg. 25e. doz	
Note Paper,- reg. 25c. l'b	
Envelopes, reg. 5c pkg, li pkg
Turkish Towels, reg. 45 pr.
Linen Huck Towels, reg. 50c.
pair   ;	
Brown Teapots, reg. 45c....
Enamel Teapdts, reg. 50	
Scrub Brushes, reg. 15c. ...
14 qt. Dish Pan, reg. 65c	
We have just received our new Spring Neckwear, featuring aauongst
the latest is the new military collar.    These come in Organdie and are
trimmed with velvet, on satin and fasten with small flower.
Prices from 35c. up
27 Inch Embroidery Flouncing
Made on an extra fine quality muslin.   These are splendid value.
Very suitable for skirts, dresses, pinafores, ell-.   Pay Day . .25c. yard
How much it
means to you to
have good-fitting
'Stylish, good-
wearing cloths.
You take no
phances when you
insist on
» «
For years they have been recognized as
the standard by which all others may be
judged. The new Spring styles, just to
hand, nre the best this big concern has
ever produced. They nre made for men
vHki positively will' not wear ill-fitting,
badly-tailored clothes. They are the
clothes for you. Ready or to-your-
We Are Exclusive Agents
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
iCoittlnui'il (mm I'oai- Four)
dtd thc tank overflow, for the people
wore many, liut, the capitalists wore
few, and could drink no moro than the
others. Therefore did the tank overflow.
"'And when the capitalists faw the
wator overflowing they said to the
 See ye not the tank, which In
thn Market, doth overflow? , Sit yo
itortii, therefore, and be patent, for
>e siiull bring ua no more twater until
the be empty."
"Rut when the people receive J no
mem the penniez of th? capitalist,* for
the water they brought, thev cronl.t
Vuy lie mora water from the capital-
li'i*., having naught wherewith to ouy.
An * •* hen the capitalists taw that they
bad r.o more profit beeiuse no men
bought water of them, they wire
troubled, And they sent lorth mon
to the highway*, tbe bywiys, end the
hedge*, crying. "If any thirst let hltn
come to the tank and buy water of ui,
for It dotb overflow." Kor they tald
among themselves. "Behold, the times
•re dull; we must advertise,"
"'liut the people answered, aay'ng:
"How oan we buy unless ye hire »>s,
for «!sc il-all lit havt 'ft'-ht-rrniUu!
lo buy? Hire ye ua, therefor*, a» be-
tore, and we wtll gladly h«y water, for
we thirst, and ye will have no need to
advertise." Rot the capitalism said
lo the people: "Shall we hire 3-rt to
bring water >wb*n the tank, whlrh Is
the market, doth already overflow?,
toy ye. therefor*, first water. •■*■*«*• **•» mM to the «***twm>
wkea the tank Is empty, through yo«ir P1 '• *»*»,,il*, Vt have ^spoken ttm*
buying, we will hire you a*»ln." And\tottnb\y onto us Vow go ye forth
M It wss hereon* the e»trita!l*t» MM *■* ***** comfortably likewise unto
no mor* to brtnt w*i*r that 1hel,hl* »*°»1"' *° u'al "»** ** *l <*•» «»a
eould not boy tbe water tfc«y! ,*»v* "• *,io ,n !**<*•"
tad brought already, the capitalists ro' *"Hut the Miotlissyer*. even the men
won hired thoa to bring water. Aai (of the dismal n* lent* tor so they
th*1 saying weat abKwd, "It ts a'•en* »»»ed of some-wer* loath to
""And thi- thirst of the people »as>? stoned, for th>« people loved them
great, for it was not now as it had j not And th«y asld to the capitalists:
iMctt la Uie ilays of tliiii tottven, obtn, "' 'tt-Usletrs. It in m iuynf,"t'y ol mv
the Isnd  was ttt**n ttmtor*  ib*tn.  for t craft lhat If men tm full and thirst not
saying, 'it seemeth that our -profits' sayers had salti. for to the people their
have stopped our profits, and by rea-1 wisdom seemed emptiness. And the
son of.the profits we have made, we 1 people reviled them, saying: "Go up,
can make no more profits. How is It
that our profits are become unprofitable to us, and our gains do make us
poor? Let us, therefore, send for
tho soothsayers, that they may interpret this thing unto us," and they
sent for them.
"'Now, the soothsayers were men
learned ln dark sayings, who joined
themselves to the capitalists by reason
of the water of the capitalists, that
they might have thereof and live, they
and tbelr children. And they spake
for the capitalists unto the people, and
did their embassies for them, seeing
that the capitalists were not a folk
quick of understanding, neither ready
of speech.
" 'Anil Hit' capitalists demanded of
the soothsayers that they should Interpret this thing unto litem, wherefore it was the people bought no more
water of them, although the tank -was
full. And certain ot the soothsayers
uuawerod and said. "It is by reason ot
ovif-productlon," and some said. "It
Is glut"; but the signification is the
sami'. And others said, "Nay, but
this thing Is hy reason of spots on
the sun." And yet others answered
saying, "it Is neither by glut nor yet
spots on the sun that this evil hath
come to pass, but because of lack of
"'And while the soothsayers con
tended among themselves, according
yo  bald-heads!    Will   ye   mock   ua?
Hoth   plenty  breed   ■famine?      0*->'h
defense unto the capitalists and smote
the people when they thronged the
" "And after many  days the water
was low lu tho tank, for the capitalist*
nothing come out of much?"     And j did make fountains and fish ponds of
thoy took up atones to stone thein.
tho water thereof, und did bathe there-
"'And when the capitalists saw tho iin, they and their wives and their
people still murmured and would not children, and did waste the water for
give ear to the soothsayers, and be-1 their pleasure,
cause also they feared lest they should j •• 'And when the capitalists saw that
como upon the tank and take of the the tank was empty, thoy said: "The
-water by force, they brought forth to crisis Is ended"; and they sent forth
them certain holy men (but they were
false priest*), who spake unto the peo- bring water to fill it again.   , And for
and hired the people that they should
pie tbat they should be quiet and
trouble not the capitalists, bocauso
they thirsted. And these holy men.
who were false priests, testified to
the people lhat this affliction was sent
to them by Ood for the healing of their
souls, and that If they should bear it
with patience and lust not after water,
neither trouble the capitalists, lt would
come to pass after they had given up
tho ghost they would come to a cour..
try where there should be no capitalists but an abundance of .water, How-
belt, there vera certain true prophets
of God also, and these bad compassion
upon the people aud would not prophesy for the capitalists, but rather
spske constantly against them.
the water that the people brought to
the tank they received for every bucket a penny, but tha water-which the
capitalists drew forth from the tank to
give again to the people they received
two pennies, thot they might havo
their profit, And after ii time did the
tank again overflow .eyeri »• before,
"'And now, when many times the
people had filled the Unk until it
overflowed and had thirsted till tho
water therein had been wasted by tho
capitalists, It came to pan thai thore
grate In the land certain men who
were called agitators, for that thty
did stir up the people. Aad tbey
spake to the people, saying that they
should associate, and then they would
to their manner, the men of profit did "BI"g }n ,tbt **u,r l,h,t «*•«*«'»*««»; of tho people.
slumber and  sleep, and  when they
"'SO*, when the capitalists saw h8Ve no need to be servants of the
that the people still murmtired and;capitalist* and should thlrol no more
would not be »tiU. neither for the for water. And in the eyes of the
words of the soothsayers uor thn k^) capitalist* were the ogitatora pestilent
priests, they forth th#m*etve*jfo||«,Wi, aBa they f*ln would Imve
unto them end put the ends of ttoir IcracMad then, bat durst not for fear
•nd they soattetod the drops from the wWd| th ^ to |M?      ,„ Wf|1
tips of their fingers abroad upon tke;0B ^j, W|^, ,
people who thronged the tank, and;
the name of the drops of water wat,
charity, and they were eseeedlnt hitler.
 Ye foolish people, how long will
ye be deceived by n He and believe to
your hurt thai which ia notf     Ifor.
;b#heldt •" these thing* that have
that after a time the people hearkened.
And they answered and said unto the
 Ye sny truth.     It Ik because of
Lho capitalists and of thoir profits
that we want, seeing that by reason of
them and their profits we may hy no
means come by the fruit of our labor,
so that our labor is in vain, and the
more we toll to fill the tank the sooner dotb it overflow, and we may receive nothing because thore is too
much, according to tho words of the
soothsayers. Hut behold, the capitalists are hard men and their tender
mercies are cruel. Tell us if you
know any way whereby we may deliver ourselves out of our bondage unto them. Rut H you know of no certain wny of dollveraiicp, wo beijeech
you to hold your peace and let us
alone, that we may forget our misery."
•"And the agitator* answered »n<J
said, "We know a way."
""And the people said: "Deceive us
not. for Mils thing hath boen from the
beginning, and non* hath found * way
of deliverance until now, though many
have .sought It carefully tttth t**ra.
But If you know a way, speak unto ua
' 'Then the agitator* spake onto th*
people of the way.    And tbey said:
 ttofceW, "hut iv-it* h»v* ft at
all or these capitalists, that ye should
yield them profits upon your isbor?
What great thing* do tbey wherefore
ye render then thi* tribute. Loi it
Is only because they do order you In
banda and lead you out Md It Md **t
your task* and afterward* flv* you a
little of th* water you yourselves
have brought and not they. Now,
behold tho way out of thl* bondage!
Do yo for yourselves that whioh Is
dene by the capitalists   namely, tho
brethren only. And from time to
time, as ye see fit, ye -shall choose
other discreet men In place of thf
first to order the labor."
"'And the peoplo hearkened, and
Uie filing was very good to them. Likewise seemed It not a hard thing. And
with one voice thoy cried out: "80 let
lt be as yo have said, for we will do
'"And the -capitalists heard the
noise of the shouting and what the
people said, and the soothsayers heard
It also, likowiso the false prlesta and
the mighty men or war, who were a
defence unto the capitalists, and when
they heard thoy trembled exceedingly,
so that their knees smote together,
and they said one to another, "It Is the
ond of us!"
'"Howbe It there were certain true
priests of the living aod who would
not prophesy for the capitalists, but
had compassion on the people, and
when they heard the shouting of th*
people and what they aald. th*y ro
Joleed with exceeding groat Joy, and
guv* thanks to Ood because of the do-
" "And the people went and did all
th* things that -war* told them by lh*
agitator* to do. Aad It earn* to pat*
as th* agitators had aald, even accord.
(nr to nil tbnir worts AnM th«-r» was
no mor* any thirst In lhat land, noo*
waa ahuntorad, nor naked nor cold,
nor in any manner of want; and every
man said unto hi* fellow. "My -broth*
or," end every women said onto her
oompanlon. "My staler." for eo wor*
lh«y with one another a* brethren
aad sisters which do dwell together
Mt unity. Ant iho bleealat of aod
rested upon th* land forever.'"
  ordering of yoar labor, aad th* naf»
Aad when lhe capitalists taw rrtf^;,^'^^"you"by"rt**e*pftslt«t* •halltat of your bands, and th* dWd«
ia that a*i;b«f tm the words of ^ bf m ^^^gy^, tw WM«nily;lngo< your tasks.  80 shall yw have *o
!.._! ...!?3r*F!:*®r _!. „."^ ***▼«■•« toUm.   And »k»wt*« the holy *»#d *t all of the **plt*!lat* and *e
^^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^.
lhe milt of your labor shall y* share
•* brethren, everyone having tb*
saw*; anil so shall tins fcntik iMver
overflew aatil ovary asa to fail, aad
go forth to th* i*oj»l* lest they should 'j*"* *?* *****' ™ J* fw "!•!»«*. who s*y it is tb* will of Ood
drop* that wti» rolled charity, woald tm     tbonM „e  , „„,, m||.
the people he ,tm. hut rapd th*.mor*. ;tmMlt nnd ethirst, behold! they do
-tnd crowded upon the tank aslf t*T>tew)ww/B im mk w, ^ ^m
woom take 11 by forro, tbm too* tboy ^ w||| WlWr,f iuim lfc(Wifc u f^.
Every mau willing to work. aU* to
work aad unaM* to obtain work, is
a* exhibit la th* solt of Society v.
*?^WX-!m*mmixkw„ *
■**ta**9.*r*, utt**rnimmu*:*ri* mr.*
Tossed on two Id-cj c: Abc^d-
oned Hope, yoi r arch cae^y
pursuing ycu_?urrounded hy
wiil tell yea ell
Appearing Serial
Every Friday
Episode No. 4, Dead
Increasing Attendance
Attests its Popularity
If tie pro*mt uroggJe ia Ban**
puis an end to militarism what useful
purpose wtH srmories serve when tlw
wit Is o/verf
overyoae u> eoefc wat»r for MraertMbat »*> « tmt* «»** they shall fiadC7y* •"*****•-— **r -*^« '-;«"»*  *,,<, «n «*•«     How roa**tb « tbat|w«ihl aot wa* tb* t«*f*» tor mom.,   «Tsrtee MttM fHtht* fan* *o*oM
1 TflfTlS       fl T'fl 1111 ' *      T Tl I tlfflTllI1 ™. 1 ! n       TTil    t    t .... "
aaewg t*ai \m i-apiUHmu mo xnnewi*f*.*mum tu >u.' .iH-evn tjh. im >«
ail tbo serines. «n«l th* wells.
W'-sUt ■nlit.t-'it., u.\S: iu w*w
fnrlli mutin,!,' tin  yt*t,ylf
».„ »„„..*.,„, .*» ... .^.,.. „,.„_,..   ..*., , >« mnt not mmw uy *>**.*wautr m xnn,*!** m'k«i*imU* nbnti »«.*»U a.* mint*iippif i« pettttee or tb* Ltberot aad
a. and the .1 'b**y thtm «*d be * oity, Had tbey j ?** *™' "J ™,e J?J £St 212 !»■»'    '* * "* *wa,t f* *,w ""i11** "Ml* *"-** *****»• ••* ««*iOoawrv.trro* would be Hke th* dodo.
>. *«d th*.** <t/ottoii tlinio. *•: tatlwt «a*w;*~ PTT«-S t^L ^?** .,      *n.mwn:   Aot 'tbylaw$om womt*:tomto Ui.tttykA tmtotmo «M*I{ . —«, _.„	
tocltets, so thtt no mm might com'as. for it twrneth ihni t nlets * tnar.ra^„*M .r*" ™ *p*,t *M »«wl*jii it not hoeau** y* roeatr* tw oa*|*t*a a* did th* c*|rtta««*; bat th«»*    „   a ta Ml   h ,. tmMltmmt u^
by *»l#f eei* fro* tb* ««k, wbttk J- toll mir n in*, nm* ,r,.!•• «»>« V.*lmftlllf mith tUm *****' mmv tor etety ImekH thai y# Ul»« .bi.ll be for the delight Of *«.- U„. uweiwws wew
tm. the Wartf*.   Ano the pwptf> mnr- ■»<«■» mmrtintett.*-    ttai i^e. #nfnwtHit*f      <*-****, *****, *m* *mm* »* ***%. *****.^0 tne men, wattkis lao-ltartMW*^ •*•!-»   "'Atm mo 0000m ootmmoOi **tmmy ■■   .;„„-,;.	
aiN ataiast the ra»ttiillsts »d «sid   mt*: tio ye forth.    Ar* ye mt mt>m «* •«* «• **tHM*o1    if f* win mm roader tiro p*aat*a for *v*ry Ishall w* g» about to do this tMa*. fori ...  . _       "      _.
-BehoM. the tank «f*M«h otet. mit «**« to d? om ettb*Mtesr j* «<»•«' «•» •»* tono thtm *gai*st,^m^t „ ltu mi, w mit tho ropital-flt M«**th good to **r taJ-LST*? !L!r L!T * »
wadleefiMnii     litre m. tbenfntt,,■      An«t »h« swithMyer* -rent fortijlta P***^ «*•< «*W *"•* ** ,n **«* Itts may havi. thetr pwflt?    ttm yo\   "*A»d   Ibo   agttator*   aaewerod; iw****   for   thotr   moty.    K**y
Ot »at#r. thai w* iwrttti nm." to the pe«|d*. «*d «s*eti*ded i« th#ia■■»** ***** ,h*« *•« f have abaadaaw t<>l ^ mi* »«»», the taafe atast overpOaaaa y* dlecreet area to go in aad
-B*i»beeapHa1i»t«!i»i*et*il: sot ibe »r«ery of evtr-praductio*, Mlj-* **m' %lmi ** «>w**fc "^ ** *** no*, bolm mm by that f» lech aad oat bwforo yoa wi to aawafcal f«*r
*j.    Xb.,i ti-i'<h' r. ,1-u-*-     v..- i'!t;.ii' y.v '10 »• l>, '*vi 'txtt: t!w>; ii"-,"!;. mu-t tun-!•-•%\"rmr rWArmn" »mA*f» tn itdionmf out! of ynttr ttfiiiotfitmn*[bnntt-.* unit nnbnr vmr Ubttr, mbf 11t*m
»Heat*!, tfl» |j*rejfl»l <f**wnMf#, It
eitob thereof «af#sa y» bay It of "a* *f thtroi boosase tlero w»« oremwtf   *"A»d th* »Mthly am aad ia*y|l«a y* oot also th* harder yv» tetl aaiiawi shill be ss the oapttsltets wm taaaai by *«*liowtag without first;
.    .   . , ,,..'..,.....,,,,.,*, _  »..,._». • ._... ..i-t, ....   ...,..*.,„,   tt.9.9.  .*.*>,  ».*>-»   *.*.  mm-aim'mttrmtemlv imnatifatimm '
1 do yoar i
ti* "PMvt* doft't mm rroeulag m
♦Ub-^uu.^.    .Uu*, .wj,,*,^ ■.i.jn.:*... *iu  U*  tf*** imU um !»a>hu   .uri:  Aitkd lu  ajir Iicarlwsncil.tlic more iHIfecntly yc sect: ttttd ftrtnej^wt. helioM. fhej- ^flftff w^ b« ymr.tbtmmOUtr *wsfb«Kw*
«fth aa oath. »yt»* afw* ittis ivMaaer. *m«4«h *eoi«*e iiwre •*• to* awcii^-wita tMs •{*•*?* **d «if/«r«d tmm-■ tbe nmtnv, th* «*«*• aid aot the bH-jis»B**r» m tho enotUUnt*   are.
~*o*otm t* bmAMm" : A»d «tk«>w««f ■#««*• ti**f att* tb»Hv#« t»he pmmniet. lot tbm mm i*r ft shall b* for fm If mmmm otiyomt bttAbmm sad offVsrs whod«
mtnot ttm *etpf*it!!st« wer* mtptiet fNwpl* -rmmimno tb* mm spo»s, $0* e««str*in#d thewi, *i»d th*y w*«t wftlHthw prof» *ad that fOwiarr j»W, aai tboy stati aat tab* aay pro-
at thai ta* iwwpfe hf«ght m moro *!■» whwefe** «**» tbtwip an*   biwaaarj   - 'Afier MM* aamsr *pi» *• e«H».jiW*. (haf «*wy «*m U* sharo Mt» th*| ——----------- j usury about the saewptond »roW*n,
ttomr. o/brn^,} thex h*d no mm, «**>'. »pw tbem by mum bt 3acfc *r roa«-fUWr mm. sal •***#• a*d #»<*»*•• tmt ttm tor mtmr **r* mto tbo pmtto,\itSbtfo. tbnt ttmo tmy bn m mm*,  thn mttnmfitr of tlw |«sor S* ihe tnyli* tw-vrreoot bnoAbm ot tbo *ftw"
rtU. jM ttwy   yak uuu a.itu Aaatk;.!*.'!!'-"      \n,t tl *.(,.» ov-.-ti s", Cftq friotfi  pnf tn 'R««fr 1>.in<T« .in<f fhcj- bemm* 1 ,ii»tf non* bf*^mt rft<»m, bttt tt m* *» mm*r* no* ammtnta tmmm* ww btt pnrtwnltf ettb* rt*b~ 10 r**tt*m nwi,1??} ^t*fttt««i.
Tho chattel sieve aatar lad to


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