BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Nov 14, 1914

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0309004.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0309004.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0309004-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0309004-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0309004-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0309004-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0309004-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0309004-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0309004-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0309004.ris

Full Text

 usj'iw iwtma*mm*m*e
7WsKyWS"%*s *, ■'":' i       - v
,W,HWH#.,.|.lli.llM,W^iW„^W^i*Mjl*,W^|Jr*.r*(l
SEFi
.V
I
Industrial Unity Is Strength
The Official, Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W, of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
m
No.ll,Vol.Vni.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEE NIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
4J^g
s 7f
H
^*^
y^n
30-U
Nov. 23rd
ti •
Latest Decisions of
Indp. Chairman
McGillivray creek coal and
COKE CO.,  Ltd.,  Re CARBONDALE  MINE
MINIMUM   WAGE  CLAUSC
The dispute In this case arises be-
•tWeen the miners and the company un-
fler the following circumstances. The
employees engaged as coal miners
while passlug through an abnormal
condition of the seam failed to malts
the minimum wage for sixteen shifts
out of thirtyreight; twenty-two shifts
being iworked before striking a fault.
In respect of those twenty-two shifts
the earnings of the men amounted to
$6.00 per day per man, the remaining
shifts were-worked after or while passing through the abnormal condition.
The approximate wage earned during
the latter period was $1.30 per man
per shift, and although previously to
striking the abnormal condition the
men were making twice the minimum
wage, they contend that they should
be entitled to receive, for the period
when they were working under abnormal conditions, the minimum wage,
and that an average ahould not be
taken for the whole period during
which they were working. A similar
question arose in tbe year 1908, -whlah
was raised by the employees trf the
Crow's Neat Pass Coat Company, Ltd.
At that time the'existing agreement
provided that—
"any miner failing to receive the
minimum wage of $3.00 per shift,
owing to an abnormal condition in
hia working ivliiep. .shall tut naiii hy
payment of the men twice a month,
that the average wage should be
struck aiso twice a month In Alberta.
This arrangement while carrying
out the spirit of the Agreement will
not contravene Its provisions.
We decide therefore under the circumstances above stated that the minimum wage should not be paid to the
men during the time that they were
passing through the abnormal conditions, but that an average should -be
struck on each pay day and it such
average does not amount to the minimum wage owing to abnormal conditions, it -will, of course, have to be
made tip to the minimum wage.
, Dated at Calgary this 31st October,
1914.
Wm. Roland, Winter, Chairman,
W. F. McNeill, Commissioner
Western Coal Operators' Asso.
Dmc. Coll. Hardie (witness)
WESTERN CANADIAN COLLIERIES
,   Re  BELLEVUE  MINES
COMPLAINT   OF   DISCRIMINATION
The dispute submitted to '.he committee ls whether dlscrimlnato-i was
exercised by thc •company in removing two men employed as fan men.
These two men were not dl-scharsen
but were remove<L from their employment and given other employment :it
the mine, the latter employment being
more remunerative to them than their
emi-'oyment as fan-men. It Is net
suggested that the fan-men wero re-
,, .„ .   . ,.     nJHteaaT);. non-union men, but It is cov
the company a sufficient amount to *_„.„,, „.     ..    , „ ..   ' ,,        .     ,,
*    *                 , ,        „ tended ioi the men that they sbon d
secure him the said minimum."        ,,„, .. „„.,,,» t- ,„„, , .
A . , ,          ...      , ..         „, .. "ot .be liable to removal from work on
A jo nt committee of the association „t,,,,h fvA„ „_,. MM„„j ,    4l.
,                , .,       . ,,          TT    . which they are engaged, to other work
and men consisting of Messrs. Hurd, ai »,,„ _,„„ „,«*i.«..»    '        v. *.'
c.   i   -.4.     ^ ,. x- .i               .1     lu at *he mine, without reason beta,? as-
Stockett and McNeil, representing the 8j_j€d
Association,   and   Messrs.   Sherman,]    •_.. '   „..     .      . ^^   .....     ,   ,
„ . .        .  ,r    ,     ,, .,    ;    This matter Is not one of d scrim in-
Galvln and Macdonald    representing „♦,„„,. „♦ „,, fc„» ,. „..„    , „   \   1V
,. .     ,     . .   ,. . ,, .   .       atlon  at all, but is one relating to tfhe
the men, found and decided that where
a miner .worked in nn abnormal place
District Executive
_   Board Meets
Discuss Unemployed Question
The Executive lioanl of District .18 were in session in Fernie on Saturday, Sunday and 3Iojid«y
last. There were present \V. L. Phillips (President), "NV. Graham (Vice-President), A.'S, Carter (Secretary-Treasurer), Board Members Martin, Hayson, Larson, "Wheatley aud International Board Member D. Rees. .  y
Amongst other matters on tlie agenda was that of the 'unemployed in the District. The Board
endeavored to find some practical solution to meet the present crisis, but realized the hopelessness
in attempting to adequately deal with a question -of such magnitude. This should uot be a matter of
surprise when it is taken into consideration that the Governments have failed up to the present to
find any practical means of coping with the situation. It is quite true they have from time to time
made spasmodic attempts to relieve the distress amongst the unemployed, but as yet nothing has
been done by any government that will meet the economic requirements of society when passing
through a depression that is common today.
In view of this the Board felt, with tlieir limited resources at hand, they had an almost impossible task. They did, hotyever, make the best effort, under the circumstances, the purport of which
will be gleaned through the circular printed below. •  '
The officials a^cl the Board "Members will attend meetings of the Local Unions throughout the
District during the next few days with a view of thoroughly explaining the position of Executive.
Re UNEMPLOYED   QUESTION
In view of the present industrial depression which is unprecedented in our history, wc feel coin-
pelled to move immediately in a concrete manner.
As an Executive Board, we appreciate the position that Constitutionally we cannot disburse our
funds for charitable purposes, our function being mainly to protect wages and establish better conditions whenever possible. In order to further such policy, strikes are sometimes inaugurated, and
we support our membership as liberally as possible during such periods, hence the necessity of maintaining our funds for such contingencies. .__ , . —
"management' of the mine and is cov-
ered hy the provision of the agree-
during a portion of the month and In'     nt    ^   the mh November. 1911,
a normal place during the balance of ;mdc ^^.^^ th6 western Coal Op-
erator» Association and District Xo.
18, United Mine Workers of America,
which expressly provides,' ln the clearest terms, that the "management o<f
the mine andthe direction of the working forces are vested exclusively In
the company and that the U. M. W. of
America shall not abridge that right."
In view of the circumstances and of
the month, it was the intention of
the minimum wage clause that the
minimum rate should he paid for the
time worked In thc abnormal place,
but if the miner received above tlie
minimum rate In one place during the
month, be waa not to have that portion of tho month made up, during
which he had failed to eartl the mini-
""J™***?;  A   , ,    ..        . the provisions above quoted we find
Under this decision the various com- ^ thew ^ ^ «a|lcrImtaattoll.. „.
pnnies and the r employees have been erc,ged „   m Q
working tip to the present time, and it W#M f      ^
a undaratood that the prssent que* ,„fi ^e occupation of the fan-men wl.h-
tion «a   he first one that haa been
raised since the finding was made
At the time it was made the wages,
were paid once a month, and although i
the existing agreement between tbi
Western Coal Operators Association
and District IS, Uulied Mine Workers
of America, contemplates payment of
wage* monthly, we decide Inasmuch as
the law In Alberta provides for the
such charge.
Dated at Calgary this Slat October,
1014.
W. Roland Winter, Chairman.
W. P. McXelll,' Commissioner
Western Coal Operators' Asso,
Dmc. Coll. Hardie (witness)
IC«Mle*a*r4 em Pen* Veer)
Fraternal Societies
Will Help Distressed
A meeting nf the Fraternal Societies* Relief Committee waa held tn tha
:ity HaH on Sunday last, Mr. Oed-
ding* In tto chair.
'he nslantM of the previous moating, and of the meeting of the Dance
CommlUta wnto mad, and on notion
anoptsNl,
The report of the committee ap-
the occasion when the committee nppolntod to meet the Ladiea' -Benevolent Society, called upon them, It Is
only fair to clearly eipound the position of tho brothers and sisters of tha
fraternal societies In this town.
In Ult first placo, every falrmlnded
individual recognises the work that
hss beon accomplished by tho ladiea
Labor Commission
■ In Calgary, Alberta
Our idea in conection with the present distress is to establish the nucleus of a fund which will
have for its object the providing for all necessitous cases in our midst.
However, in view of the abnormal suffering, we recommend a departure from our Constitutional
rules, and would ask our membership to endorse the following scheme:
1st. That on December 1st next we place Five TliousamlDollars ($5,000.00) from our treasury
into a fund to be known as the GENERAL ASSOCIATED RELIEF FUND.
2nd. That nn assessment be placed on all our members earning over fifty dollars ($50,00) per
mouth on the following scale. The first $50.00 to be non-assessable: amounts from $50.00 to $75.00.
2 per cent; $75.00 to $100.00. 5 per cent; 100.00 and upwards. 10 per cent.
3rd. Thnt wherever practicable lo divide up work, if the division will nol reduce the party employed to a wtige less than Fifty Dollars ($50.00) per month.
•4th.   That all Local I'nions place nil possible fiuniice into the aforementioned General Fund.
5th, That disbursements be so arranged that each recipient I)*' treated alike in proportion in
number of family.
(ith. That it pm rata amount from the General Fund lie allotted to ciich utmp. so as to ensure <tn
equitable distribution of relief.
Th'.-   leport of  the  Kxecutve  Committee of the Albe<'M  Federation of
Labor among other matters cont^'iivHl
i   report  of   the  Committee's  .iction
with regard to the unemployed situation, and stated  that after au Interview with the Provincial Government
(see page '>,) at wliich the full cabinet,
with one exception \v;ib present, it was
arranged to call a meeting In the city
c*f Calgary of representatives of the
Dominion and Provincial Governments
and  civic  heads  for  the  puri>ose  of
forcing Immediate and definite aetlor:
to make provision for the relief of distress.     It Avas later found that   the
date o'-iglnally se». down, viz., 0:lo.r>ei'
30, .would have to be postponed as it
would take more time to make provision for Dominion Government representation.      After   a   consultation
with 'Mr. It. B. Bennett, M.P. for Calgary, a telegram was sent to the Dominion Government explaining the objects of proposed meeting and asking
for attendance of an official representative from them.     In answer to this
the -following telegram was received:
Ottawa, Ont., Xov. 2, 1914.
Alex. Ross, Box 229, Oalgary, Alta.
Your telegram  26th.   An  official
of Dominion Labor Department will
be in attendance at your meeting
whenever called   with   instructions
to report all attaina'hle information
for consideration of government.   It
Is not considered advisable that he
Federation    of    Labor,    Calgury,
Alta
Owing to my ahsence  from city
yesterday, impossible to attend yonr
, session in Calgary today. Deeply
regret iiiahlllty to be present. Am
thoroughly in accord with movement.
Will be glad to co-operate with your
organization at any later date set for
meetings culled for puriiose of trying
to solve the acute situation. lt you
desire any information regarding local
information will be glad ifryou will
call me on the phone at our expense.
M. A. Brown, Mayor..
Alex. Ross, President of the Federation took the chair and called tihe
meeting to order. He recited the
events which led up to tills meeting
and pointed (Kit the seriousness of the
unemployed situation, laying emphasis
on the fact.
That there were between four and
five thousand unemployed in the City
of Calgary. A matter calling for Immediate Investigation and adjustment
was the wholesale Importation of ooal,
and he quoted the report of commissioner of customs, Port Arthur, .which
showed that more coal was imported
there than is mined In Alberta.
j. I). M-cNiven: Mr. Chairman and
gentlemen, 1 really have not got very-
much to say. 1 am not here representing the Dominion Government entirely upon this unemployment question.      Of course,  it  is  my. duty  to
should have representative powers, j ascertain the labor- conditions general-
-—* ~—GrBTTDSTBR;"
Acting Premier.
The decision of tho Government not
to send an official representative, was
somc-what disappointing to Committee,
■hut it -was decided to cnll meeting for
Friday, Nov. 6. Accordingly notification of meetiug was sent to the Dominion ami Provincial Governments, to
the Mayors of Calgary, Kdmohton,
Lethbridge tnd Medicine Hat and District 18 was uot If led hy wire to Secre-
iF'i»wd^o™r^Drt^o-my~ovrTO^Wr'"
ment—the Department of ljabor. I
received a .wire from the Department
a few days ago to come to Calgary
and find out the object ot this meeting and what the intention was. Xow,
I am not authorisf-d to make any proposition at all on behalf of the government, As far as tbe unemployment
question goes, it Is in a very unsatisfactory condition just now throughout
the whole of the West, and 1 am sure
it will need the active co-operation of
tary Carter. jnll p!irtles in order to relieve It with
At  10 o'clock on  Friday  morning, | any degree of success.   The chair-man
November 6, the following gentlemen \ has referred to a shuffling of repjwn-
( were in attendance   at   the   Council; slbillty.     Thai   may be, but  I think
j Cham'ber, City Hall, Calgury: j that it is up to everybody now to take
j For the Alberta Federation of Labor, a hrtn i In this question to do the ut-
j —President Alex. Ross, Vice-President I mo.-Jt 0f their ability. There Is a
JL. T. English   and   Socrotnry Alfred! cn-at   >l*-:tl   of  unemployment,   much
Farmllo.
more tiiau  I  have ever seen  ln the
7th.    Ii) the event said proposals are endorsed   by   our   membership,   we
Dominion Provineinl and Municipal authorities of our plan, pointing out our ii
palate ^ tnimttn* tbe principal et\*t tAo BtMvolaat Society, and it ia
Th# secretary (Ur. I, 8k!ll!»t) »4
tha »iah of all U>st thty eontiaaa
Thsrs ia positively no desire oa tbt
vtta-i tkt «athtrta« that tha viatorta j pm of snyoat to rob thtn of pralsa
Hal! ha* *#tti onmmt at «h» prlet etlot b»llttl# thatr offorU, This should
"fM ! ha moat otauly aodtrstood.
Th* question of tht'tost location;    Ntwlkttat*   lMi»   wntoMiwittty,
tw a tmt WUhtt thnn cams op, aao;4Mt ^^ neemr to to thn MWnrf*
.i mma tan*•"!>. mmtam mme aw*****.**, mnU mtucH t*mtn ltdtta te this tOWB
'l-m .■A* **i9,-4u*j ,W k um-h-ni iv. n^m ttm mum of tit Onxtora mm
.writ* lh* nmmury ot tb* School minton of ito Crattreal ottotn In town.
TrwiM-ms oaktet ttoa to amwtat « !■ ife* flm ptact *t *«*ta!t, «Ilk all
*•** ** ?** mt WW,M * *W* to *»• "»»«* **r tit fasliaia of m*
moot a 4-ofwtRtten on this point.      j in^tot. ttot oar nttmetb nm tto ot-
m*tm m ute. nmunm, nmmom oy i jtwo tor -mttm-wo art beeem tof-ath-l
immediately   notify
inuliility to fully cope
with llie situation nnd petition them to establish some law. making il compulsory for all parties to
support these antrirestions. otherwise to inaugurate another mon' practicable M-lieme.
8th. Thnt Locnl Unions be requested to furnish nocesj-uiry -tlittti. refrnrdini; the conditions uf tliuhe
requiring relief,
Dili. In submittiuir the uliove. we fully realize the fail that w*e euiiimt sugir«'«t nny policy which
will not meet with certain criticism. However, something has to be .stinted and we are prepared
to accept the rcHpntiNihility for submitting the foregoing proposal* for your eunsideration.
On hrhnlf of the Kxeoutive Board.
W. L. 1*111 LUIS. President.
A. .). <'AKTKK, Secretary-Trews.
To the Secretaries of Local Unions, District 18, United Wint Workera of America.
tireeting—
Aa .wu will gee by thc enclosed circular, your Kxeeiitive Board are making nn effort to deal
with the very serious depressed condition* that are prevalent throughout the HiMriet. You will oh-
M»n> tliat you are requested to take Hetion in order lit determine whether the pro]Ki-*aU xubmilled
meet your approval or otherwise. We would recommend that nrrangeinentM be made to hold a
apecial meeting and lako a ballot in said meeting to divide upon this matter, ami would kindly ask
you to forward to District Office, not later than 18th inst,, Ihe number of men voting for and against
(lie wheine.
Wo would draw to your notice rhat the officer*, have agrtvd to tionate 'Hi per ecni of their wilai-ifN
to thia fUnd if inaugurated, and we believe that our membemhip shoultl be prepnr«l to make some .Hae
rifle#>« at this time to rae^! th* very prvcaing ii«««i|» f«r Mief fffwtinf a great number of our m-emtwr*.
Your* fraternally,
W.  L.  PHILLIPS, IWdfrit.
^VM.   ORAIIAM. Vlee-rreaiifc-ut.
A. J. f'AWTRR ft**r*t*e%*
For  the   Dominion   Depaiiineiit   of-country   bofore,   and   on   uccoiuit   of
Lnbor- J. I). McNiven.
Kor   the   Provincial   tioverniiu-nt--
IIon. Mr. C Mitchell.
•   For llie City of C:ilgar>-  Mayor Sin-
, nott.
the lack of work throuitliotit the »utn-
iiu-r. it leaved men in rather a bad
fO!n!1tIor tn inert the Hli.te:1. Now,
I ii in not hen- to n'tvise what to do,
but rather to hf.tr wh:«t diml.t t<* tit*
)    Fur llie -Tity tii Kduionton—Actlne ^lone and hi report  sinn-* to mv  Do-
i »lHy«>r Smith nnd AM. .1. A. Klnnov.    ' t •»r*rti* r •      I do no! think ! '-.m >-;uy
:    For the City of I<ethl>rUUe~i.Mtt>or iniotlilna further just now.
Jlar.lie. Lculs Moore   and    I'resldont 1    Mayor SlnnriM, CalH'iry:    ILm any
Miin.oth of the Ho.trd of Tra.le.
Vor District  lh   Frunk Wln-atley.
j renihjer  hm been kept txn to  when)
   „.     h'.je m« rn|.|(,\»'rt rcmt-i fretn:   «!i!it the
Thb lollowint; telfeRram wsii reielvod. Immediate r;inne» arc for lar-v nuin-
from May.vr Itrawn <;? Med.vuie Hat: |herH of men no*jnu Into tiie city, snd
it T. Knalldh, Vlre-Presldent Alberta |
• < untluut-a on V*ar <a|«•
In The Colorado
Strike District
DKNVKIt. Co-:.. Xov. I ft. -VoU-fa ot I of rjl>»;i k» ti:,'>:V.. the \ot«r« return-
l'ol,ira.iii ■.ii-.taluwl  I'rmi'lent  Wllnon  ed  ii.-   (in t-eiit    IJi.ijkx I4t|.     I'nited
In lliu effort* to s*-!tl«' the t'onl strike; Atntea  H,unU>r.  i'lisrles  A   Tliomaa.
*>n Ui<»y returtwd thr*e D^morra*, '•> <• \<»lf mt 'MMt to 1*0,1 TX
ito roniress and  re-^lwted their l»- ;    <'o[igrr-M.tnaii Kd*ml  Ke.itliiif who
\ mocrntlc M-nator la*t Tuesday. il'u; up »urh a «n»leii<lW flx'ii for Con*
Th*   utrtkintt  feature  of  the  . !.<  ,nr*-*» -fur  tlio  otfikins   miner*,   mtn
t.titt   Ann thnt  tbe tie ■ame \uli-r* re- r'-eU-rt-ed  b>  ft  «o-a»| tnuinrtty, *hH*
Ipuitiatfd tha Ammons IVmoerhtlr sd-JCnncrfMnmn lieorse Klndel, the only
\W'ta\9tti\'.os. •nl.Wi. ^*Hu..u*4 tl** I^i.ljt'wuraii« r«:pr*!»ei»t«tu« to oppoee ttxo
Mo*  MasMirre  ted ether strlk** 4U-! *orh*f*, n-<ei*»wl not f. >***, vnt** tor
'orders rvwaKlttp in tbe murder snd the i'nited ««j»u* Heuste, ss »*x»l&*t
rremitlon o* thlrty-fotir men, womicit J the «»|ft«« vote of Thomas
•i,nt children.     With the eu'epilou of,    Keatlua's  uwjorl')   hi  npit* ot a
!f-*f(i offleea, every Demo'ratle randf-j flepitWI<'ii:i landslide, Is a sptou-dl-l trl-
Imte, tx tmn<ls*oni# resrsrd, for fcsthful
f dlst« sss tetmtei.
'ti if^Vf, «*vf, oil■,«••*
f
9,9,44,   *.*+f,vttvt ****,,t.r  l« Ui* -fWHiMltBetlt**
I
"I,
7\
ttt. MM ttot a eamrtUw m np-
polatwi be emt tto La4tts BaatvalMt
Aoetety ratotlra t» eaaaa ot ar-gmt
aaa4 ttot tkt artwel taaehars had ra>
ported, tto eawalttM appoiatai
nmrsfntaif ot ttm Ttntbb*. Mn. Ttmob*,
Mra. Mlatw ato Mr. MOUaf.
tt trim t**ii*t that •ha'Pitn-*.* he
belt m "Swtembot Ut4 im tto Victoria
imn.
j|l ^   -mlL^*-^*-^^   Am   _m_a*AJt_ei^mM*b^* • ^m^M ' ei_*_^_^m_t_i_^_Aaa^m
Aa mtrs to fnawroy aa iMpiamron
usmi attor ctatitaMf eotMraa la
tmtx tlut the tHrat&ant wl sltUua nl
tam ttmeteet .ettem mm te mmm
npon tbelr ptmtrttn, not as tMs f«al-
i«c mm wm flataly expnxem etem
nr, amply JasUfy to la taUif Ito ae-
Um wa mm. Charity Is not a rtr-
tat that any partem ran claim a monopoly of or ragani aa Ihalr «sm spaelal
ft*t*e*mtao. n ttmm in n wihv om
■•b* part ot wrtafn tadfaa to rtgarit
tto pwlticm et *toy la<y toanufar
11 a prhilciu nil thalr mix, Umm, da-
it la lalartaaata Itt ttow te
4lsw«as ta tMa tasra. This, la
ottnlm, la not tto mtaaUoo of tto ito'
iortty ot tettm «to tovt from yitr to
yvtr m metttmiiy tint le taOa-ita,
in* tn manr causa auccwulad. th« dl*.
trsaa la oaf mMot»
It tmt toan ststwf ivpaa tally, wet
trvtkfaity m Jtbni ttor* art tw* data-
,>t ■».**%  tej ll
as who approadi the Lsdtas of tk* I questi** tLii tootrtmim them wa*;
Baaa-fttlaat toeiaty*>ttoM wto latcadj Hoar ta it«ai with titM* mt** ow& men
te tmpom oa ttooi aai ttoaa vto art os« th# osaal laqalsltortal matliod of
Arfvan ky akaar 4aaparatlon to sa»k Invtsttimtlon thst is Invariably regard
itittt* im     t%ti rr..9r..r t... ...,.,'^l2 I, :%(, mm ».»-»»,■»•*».».   -.-»»■»*•. mm* Otamwi
stoa It was totttm ttot all tto frst*r
nal ordtrs amattamata ato torltt
fom« sctome for ralalaa faato, net
that can* to 4l*tribat«4 kr tto various kNlfM aaionf ttoaa mamtora ap-
plyfRar tor tnmoornry r*M#f »mf brio
the
tto Nfaatad aaaMrtltoi of tka Itolas
tkimoaliaa tfcat ttoy amat lavaatl-
aata at ttoy tota toaa Impoaad apoa
•a etttm. Amln, ttora art maay wto
tovt eaadMly rtrotcd to appraaah
tto ItdHs, ttattol «tot ttor vmtn
..   tulnjtt  ui  KVWtkl   »l-
<i*d «#nstor f»atter»Dti i-lnitne-. In tilth,a Is, the #Irtk* district-was a-vs-u
UianUy (-ten, and me mm that tbe I pome neneeb that to »l«o bnn4*4 *%.*> mnr* rwmjw tbm le turner 'j-wr-x.
t*ff,f rmthtS nn* uul xet_ rnUn- iMnr*r t*mt t*e.«M to mpport hie! H«w*tof«f» tbe eo»l wmpanles w«ra
factory, ami atne* m*lvlaf thia to- \ randldst* for aowrnor Thl«, with th««!«wtt*»tir   with  voting  their imy  mil
y,ly we bnv* nm't*rt*it).t*tl thnt tbr**-oltt^titm ,♦«-.*-»■.»  *■   •«     ,•„„,„,, ...!".:    ,■*.+..  .*,  ,m *.t*mmo ismI tbey*
,me tmmrm oa thai lw am to sow (midst ration »»» too moth for th# l»e-1 twt<^ 45* mows iv«a ttoa wtr# oa ttoir
«*««l of warm ehnhina
will to h»k«! aft»>r
To ronrtiHi*, me r*tm that aay1
HI feeling should tore b««t> »oc«iia*r-
•4 ky tto settoa of th*. frattraal oM
*rn.  unit rnttt  th-.'
waat to ttoir ctority.    TMa to aot j Should aay tta of partteaiar Olstivasjar etoritaM* eon*Yn»s will item tto f aaarnaatsiMl latoor
IV.'"
1Ti»lr n**en\motnu, 8tat# (•*»<!Idst*- lo mrry
Itnbor won a »plendM vktory sbe.i
lh«-y #i#rt*il IHstrlet iotn* T*1l*r to
tto toprem^ Vonrt bentb, thus *!»•
^ fnatlttt inin* c«m*f*»ll, who to* b*-m'
■nt o'.li-^oiBirtfttiS'ly (tp^m-i ta /wipiBlssnj *-»-l-
P*> roll. With sn hormtt bl<ctf«n tie
lator ti*k»t woald hav* bim #l#rt*<
hy a majority of at lentt m>.
it n**t nrntnti'-titfiit 'fir '!t.» jj^rWaa
r,„ M-i. ._ »fc_ ...M,__ __. ,   .       i af tto Ooal Cn>*ft mlnn aaat lata
TWTT mim w "^ mama. «M It I* *nle/>»e nnter mtriiMN, noil tb* fn-ffrf 'mitftiT 'ti thu VilLi ■;, i i   ^    , -       X 'nr"* «»  «•*«•„„.,[,,*     ,. .*-..„    , ^
mm to ttom.  »Wto It m raftoetfoaInbtmU ttoy, toattar, safasa to ooa- as * wnemm*. \ %^7,\.TaT^ »«Jwl«r ntxatwrmm nm atakt shift. Mn* aas
-Uttokymm. ),* mtmeeet tmtmtlone r*»*M* tof^a^ M We B?aU .uk„4 u maa*l!^^J^^^ al
tto ilswrn «f rmmnto nttt^, mm]       ^^      i*^ * ********
nmrebHti* rule ot tA* Ammnm im. - tl*m*m~tenner."^2 m-s^ m__
maeittJe wlasmittnitioa m tto« t» —-1 AZ. JS^S        -*My **•
...... „ m w™~"*»***m*i**m mt umm 'oissaaw.** at tto Oratoaa^ Hlisi ■«***
***** a R#-pakU«aa -mrttmt %y n *«* Anterior "*■*"«• mmm aai
inm tn^!!^ .°**** *» IWa U>sra!u«4t*-di*tf«*aw(httaMalt>,*Ad
ai» «var asrta bmttn* ttnxxt. and »« th*»ir astiatam*.
thay rtallsai ttot ssaai «4 ttoir «*» j   w„ mmm Ito tntlm a Hat af <fci*.
emit to te >«aat.    Ttoiwa «to w*f» m*oe ut wheel taaaf-fOrtova ruaam
W we allow aay ta aaf-
tm aa a vaaalt of mir pride or inform
bettntt et tto Pmtaraal
xi
fl t&mw&iil&faisj&e^^
,',fi;-iWj/iSSJi,,*<,'il   J'r^'iAi »■■* 'il   |TnH-|lii'HliiMM]  fllllin.M>M
-"Of". ', *, .   . ■   ..
Wss^iW?W^>ir*sw5!WJ&^
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, .FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
Alberta Federation
To the Officers and Members of Affiliated Local Uuionists
ENOS
trail SALT"
Gentlemen and Brothers—
The following memorandum of Interview bet\vc-en the Hon. A. L. Sifton,
i'remier cf Alberta, and the following
members of yeur Executive: President
A. Ross, Yico-Presidoni English, Vice-
President Yickorage, Vice-Preslrteiit
Alforrt, Vice-President Graham, Secre-
latT-Treasurier Carter, District IS, United-Mine Workers, and Secretary-Treasurer Ftirmllo. Ex-President Jones
also L'ct-ompanied the deputation,
v'o ".v-rre ir.-formt»il by the Prime
Miuia:*;;- in the initial stages of our
i.ivrrlc'.v thai all members cf rhe
ho.i.-r.- \\y) agreed int-lii.:iing the opposition, :■!■.! vsi brinjr any contentious Ie-;-
:".. ''i-foiv the House this sesiio*;.
!!-,"n--!*.i :]i-it niiitu-rs not re'i'.iii-
;.■ A.:i\ !i-t;i-;ation could be derlr
iKi.vt-vi-r he was willing to ills-
;. (ljo.sc i li.^islation that i-oul-i
u"i 'i::ht   bf f'-re   the   liousp   at  a
f'ai".
. I. Aiiii'ir'un-i'ts ti> the Theatres
,c< provide for ih-' irci ruination af
i;i'i,;;'.i..nts for lic'iises as operators us
■o uk i" L-on„;ie ency: also measures of
inib.'ic pitfery.
.".].-• .ver—lie did not think tliat
these matters could be brought up ft
tliis ses.-ion. However, lie '-vas not
op post '1 lo such legislation.
N'o. .. An At-; (lovernlng Electrical
Construction  for  public safety,
Aiif-'Aer—He would be pleased to
take this matter up and asked that .ve
submit copy or proposed act.
Xo. '.',. Xew Factories Inspect'on
Act, < tivcriii*-: sanitation and ventilation <>'" workshops and factories.
An-.ver—There would not be nny
ie.u's! I'ion before the House this -session, but would be pleased to have us
Mibmii a draft of otir proposed Act.
Xo. 1 Legislation providing for ihe
adii'i:ii>"r:uicn of the marriage fan-
tract by civil officials.
Ans-vn r— There i.s already lir- \i--m
on t1."- >t:uu:es novenilim this m.r.'er
l?|j:.
Mf
u,ii ■
VI  ll
C-."•.-
l.e   '
]■>.'.<;
Act.
Answer—This matter will have lhe■ corporations, but assured us that he
coiiEid&ratlo'.. of the Department, and ! would be willing to meet Dominion
asked tlmt che proposed amendments I ard civ it- authclrties .with a view to
bb submitted. .discussing unemployment which he re-
Xo. 1-1.    Protection pf the interests  **l*r*ed was acute,
of envpioyees cf lire wins Industry. Your   ccmmi.Ieo   feelinj;   that   they-
Ars.ver—lie g:i\c- his assurance that   'vould lik(-' to-have an official deebra*
the interests of the brewery .workers
would be taken into consideration.
Xo. 15. Legislation covering .ill
men engaged in rescue work in the
mines of the province -by the Compensation Act and to provide for the payment of rescue teams during the
course of training.
Answer—He nas in tavor ot the
Compensation Act applying *^o this
uass of work and aMUirci us both the
nutter of tiie paying of wages and
com.pt nsaticii would b-j laken up with
Mr. Stirling with a vchv lo rectifying
v.ime.
Xo. Hi. Amendment regarding the
a.ppoint ment of check measures and
mine inspection committee.
Answer—lie gave his absunniceth.it
be would take up this matter with the
Department with a vie.v to having the
Act apply to such men.
Xo. IT. Re the matter of Hillcrest
disaster and the appointment of miners to commission hoard.
Answer—He pointed out the composition of the boanl, showing that
they -were permanent officials, therefore .if they were to be substituted by
another commissioner at any time this
could be done without much trouY?,
aid fiirtlr-" lh'-y were 'in*; receiving
any pay from the fund whatsoever.
He alst> >-'red that he would toe pleased id send a letter to the District Secretary in efrpct that they would be
consul ted as to the distribution of
funds from time lo time, and would
also notify the Commissioners to this
effer't. lie could not see his way
clear io add to the commission hoard.
Re ihe matter of Resolution Xo. 31,
tion, sought a 'meeting with the whole
of the Cahinet Ministeis, the meeting
taking place after the.adjournment of
the legislative assembly on Thursday,
tlie 22nd of October, 19U. After a
lengthy and acrimonious discussion,
'your committee could readily see that
tlie Government were reluctant to take
the initiative .by introducing neces-
sar.v measures of relief, finally' the
members of the Cabinet agreed to be
officially represented at a meeting 'o
he convened by the Alberta Federation of Labor should iln, meeting be
composed ol Federal and Civic re.pre-
sc-lathe? It is the Intention a"
your F.xe-utive to convene such n
reeeting in Calgary on tlie 30th of
October, iOlL
Hi* :he n-ptter of Masters aud S?r-
'.ants Act, your committee consulted
Mr .U'x-kie, solicitor, with a view to
••.Kcertalning the legal status of 'he-
.-■eivant under the Masters and Servants Act. Your committee feel that
this act. cannot be amended to afford
protection to the servant, and would
suggest that at the' next convention
cf  the Alberta  Federation  of Labor,
lies'
is an efficient
means of prevention "in fever
conditions.    It is
NOT a cure  for
FEVER,  but  by
keeping the liver '
working, it prevents the
accumulation of poison in
tbe  blood   which, when
allowed io continue unchecked,
might develop into Fever.
Order a bottle TO-DAY (rom
your dealer.
Prepared! only by
J. C. ENO. Ltd.,  "Fruit Salt"
Works, LONDON. Enclaad.
Agents for Canada i
Harold F. Ritchi* & Co., United
10 McCaul St. TORONTO
(
instead of pressing for amendments
we press for the abrogation of the
act.
I'ubHe Health Act, we lind that it is
icssible to set an order in council
passed which would extend the open-
th-'i of i.et to embrace -workshops ani
factoiiqs.
Vour committee were unable to ar-
VHiigi; a wetting with the Provincial
Hoard of Health owing to the fact that
they were inaccessible at this time,
hut the Executive Board will endea-
j;or to arrange a meeting in the near
future
Respectfully submitted,
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE,
A. FARMILO,
, •> Secretary.
Some Remarks
on Gas in Coal
By 0. A. La vole, Frank, Alta.
(From  transactions Canadian   Min-
not  dei m  it expedient to extend
Act to cities and municipalities
Xo.  ."..    Fair-wa
Rocky     Mountain
to be universally admitted
your cemmitteee's mention has been j lng   institute.      Paper   presented   at
;n certa.n districts.     llowevrr. ne did , calk.(1 t0 ,ln error jn statement cf fact | IJanff     meeting,
l,e; contained therein   by   Vice-President j branch.)
j Graham.      The   nrstt'T  was  referred!     it seems
clause in all gi>v.,.biU.,c ,t0 the orlfr!naI moverB and a re- \ thilt the deposit and [he decomposUioI1
ernmeiit   contracts,   and   turther   the; quest ,v,.is   Sjnce -been   received   from!
sain-i'  provisions a-*  contained
A. & C W. contract be incorporated! tho same ,be suppressed.- Therefore
in all railway and public -works con-|}.oul. committee has decided not to
l'i"*i* '-■-■ '■ present same and assume responsibil-
I ofv egetahle 'matter were the constitu-
1,1 tl,e * President-Phillips of District 18, that j thig cause of our,.coal ,bed
Answer—-He was under the im.pri's-
ity.
s and the
j gases they -contain, the decomposition
j o<f the cellulose under the influence
; cf micro-organisms producing in dif-
sioti tiat this provision was nple in;    Xo   ls    -Hp t])e nintter of the pre
all coiitiaits let  by  the tJoveriiment, j gPnt  distresslni?  conditions  of unem
and   he  hsd  no
clause bein^ placed in all railway con
tr.fts   ent.-red   into   hy   the   (iovern
AS£t.l*an±—4ti,£i n*)llA^*tn-rt4t»l.n,i-A,-AulJA_i CiA*0v-
-j——^ ■vm*v-.|w«„*t»nvw-uini,ui|-un7.\lUV-\T,Wij
methane   (CH4),  and  pure  hydrogen
,...., , (H2).    Simultaneously   many organic
.0!vlC ,°,n..:i?...!!!C'I.La|Ployn,C!lt' ani1 ,1C(,e8Sar>' ™easi,res oi\ compounds were formed whose effect
j was to hinder the action of bacilli and
was   agreed   that   the
relief.
Answer—lie
mui;; and further lie would bring to:.questlon wag very serious and stated
the attention of the Department the'that it was impossible for the Govern-
grievance through the violation of the j ,,,,-,,„ t0 do any publlc work because
falr-svajje vl-iuse on bridges. ! ^ ttl(? 1;)C*k of monoy.     He also stated
Xo. li. ili-weekly payment of wages' Hint he could not see his way clear to
in esij-h or certified cheque. i-is^ure the deputation that the govern-
An.-.ver---IIe was asreeable to see \ m(,a,,t (,t,„!d do anything for the cities
such   i-:   t-xisu'ii.-v   where  practicable.,',im|  was i,.avi„K this question to the
Xo. 7. Xew Comtj.'ii-aCou Act, llf um-j„ii3 cily coinu'ils llirauulioiit the
outlliif i hi peitlou already s-ii'imllt- 1-,-,-vlnro. lie thousht that they would
<-d to the Cnvernnient. '    j \h, nM(, tn ,|PI,i W|ti, outsldo dletrlcts
Ans.ver--Tli:>t the Attorncy-Ceii-; A |,|r!l Wl.,.,, not K„v,*,n„..] j,y a ,-itv
mil's li.-jiartmMU was drafting un ! (.orpo!Mtioii. The fioveruinent had
Act; th'-y wero iiiinu the Ontario, Urlt-. i„.,.„ «i0ln^ what it con],I to relieve
■.-•h Columbia and Ensllsh Act, asio,,-. H|mation in rural districts and
tlirir !i,ibIm and fui'ther, labor repn- W,M,|,| (-outinue that polio.
sei:ta;!ves would be given an ojipona-' .\(). |<). u0 tho matter of anicud-
nlty  li make su?Restlons before the!
to  the   Miis'.ers  and  Servant
avt wt- introduced in the legislature..
Xo.  \   Adult   Franchise  In   -school,
dlMii-t aud  municipal elections*.
Aus.m r -This mutter wa» umlcrcon-,
s'.li r.ilhMi by the (Joveniiia-iit uiul so'
far ,-. tij(..\ win; ab:,; they u'ould dl'iifi,
iiii ..:. ... ,\lili uniform lmivUlon* to.
apply in all cities and muiiic!p:iiltics. i
Vo, ;». 1.4-':!sl:«tic!i ninkin^ i' cniij-j
jmlsoiv  t;> place the  I'nlon Isabel nu!
illl 'an' I',111.'Ill  pl'llitli.n.
Atinwcr--Refused    t-i   foniply with:
mir r»'i|ii»'.»:, ttfvl'.vi a* hi?- rcuuni thut'
!t -a-it a cons'itutlonnl enstom not to|
Inn* any othi-r.Htan-s than thai nlreiiity i >ti
iiii.'.:.-.. '.,* the Ki.m'i* l'rliit*»r,
Ni-. t" Ttnii nit-dlciil. dftitil mid
ci»"(""»t tn.-Minu'iit \t* made tree to till
-* od < lu* 'r--ii; thit iotii!iul»or.y mi..
vtn.wiu 11 m-IiocI i-!i,ldreii lie dtn:»iniM.
td  v.iih
A".- • • r    ile 'va* in tuvoi* v.t silunil
No.
ments
Act.
Answer -lie would he willing to
tihe up this nintter at a later date and
iiskcil ihat wc submit 'amendments.
lu fuN.her piirsiliiiice pi' legislative
work, I'i'esideiii Uosh and Secretary-
Farmllo tosether with Vice President
Kiittllsli nnd (1. II. Geary, acting for
H'liioiiton Tnidi's and Lahor Council,
Iniervlnwod tin- Provincial Secretary
lion, A. McLean, with rcfuml to itni-
(iid'iii nfs ssou-shi t;* tin. Theatren Art.
Ml*. M.'l,»an Introduced i.lie coinni.lttM'
i.i'Mi". t'litul.vStk. pnnlnclal centior,
tin* of'flrlni bavin? clturg-n of the
iHiitier in liiiitl. Mr. ("hadwick dl«-
i-lrm-il !i tlw. crunm'lti'e flio i-i-'irklii"0
cf his di'.-'iirtment nnd mibmltted for
peniwal a draft of ncsv regiiltitlons af-
fining iiiovlnt; phture (heatrc-K nn!
i pe: iKir« wliich1' tu*'1 been msde by
Ithn       Vitiir  ttiiitiiil'tte    wenl    over
-rhilriri-t. trivlnjt d-Mit-»l and1 optlc;iI; hhjhc and mviRt-Kted nom*. nddltloiif
:r» miih :.• In-.-. nl«i li»- would tike llie Mierctd a-* heinu In line .vit'i ninetul-
rnitu r of rni»|iil4,ir«   vnrclnntlon up mentu H-wbt Uy i!h> moving idcttins
theatre    crieratoiii.      Mr.    Ch ulwlck
■h;i'i>i t\ io j-ti'd inn' -it"',,i'«''nn*< to new
prevent fermentation 'by making their
medium antiseptic, Some form of
fermentation probably produced CH4
in abundance, another C02 and ll-',
and finally, either by dissolution or
ctimhlnation, oxytteu and hydrogen
were almost entirely eliminated leaving carbon us a predominating substance. The process of this transformation, however, has not as yet
been clearly explained, hut despite
this fact the niicro-aiTaiiism theory a-p-
peais most strongly to scientists.
Distribution of Gas in Coal
(las Is very unevenly distributed In
'•■n.iI b»i!a. some parts of a seam con-
it lining much more than othe*-s. Tlr-i
I is especially noticeable in very Kits-
I oci'x mines, not only In i-.it> main re-
| turn Hir.vfl.vM, .but also ai thu face.
Sin"ilcn outbursts of gas and coi'l in
J apparently rcKiilitr beds submitted to
an i vt n pressure show an irretftil'iriiy
in the (iiinnlitloM of the tS'iineH, tiie amount liberated In some explosions being entirely out of proportion to the
normal i|iiantlty occluded In the coal.
It litis been r«ported that In nn explosion wotne thirty ye-m hko the unn iIIh-
cngttsied by the proJecUon of 1,200 cubic fern cf nut hunt coil was eHttyi-ntwl
to be at least itlil.OOo cubic yards. The
prtfirrce of 'blcwem or gas pockets In
the uii|tcr parts of tho coal, or lu the
Immediately overlying r.ratn, alxo In-
...iti,*.* i'.m e.vii»ii;l<i.« tii i*i*.-i4.i.{i p.jinln
wiicre the presmiire U ureitcr 'V(t»
-'jci-hi-'t-f. Th iriejKiil'irily ';jriy Im:
<-v.pla!iK-.l in the following: insum'".',
viz.; The .deposit of vegetable matter
Alr;:h nave rlK«i ia the. coal formitluii
cciild net, on ticcmint of tite relative
lieleroisenclty of It* foiiKtiaient <, liave
indicating the existence of particles
simply in contact, lt may be stated
that generally speaking coal high iu
volatile is the most friable, and that
having a small gas percentage is the
.best agglomerated or hardest.'
.Through accidental causes, however,
coal low in volatile may have been
made very friable; such is the case at
the Jaspar Park Collieries, where the
ceal iwas crushed through contortion
due to external forces.
 Beiatbie_Mpeanjeability_fif_Caa!	
massive or molecular ohanges in the
■measures during the ages' elapsed
since the crust contraction of the
earth -began. It may be ntited here
!-!•;•. the initial agglomeration ol' coal
an J the escape of its gases.might have
be-£i> "modified in the course of time
'by geological efforts cf compression.
These efforts -have produced effects
of different kinds. They have destroyed or nota'bly diminished the cohesion of the carbonaceous particles,
and, subsequently to the crushing of
t'fje coal, have forced out a portion of
the gas which now exercises pressure
along the planes of faults, or along the
co"'id coal, confining the' crushed or
'■ontorted zone.
Nature of Gas Outbursts
We shall now consider (briefly certain phenomena of disintegration suddenly occurring in a--.coal mass under
ihe pressure of occluded gas, namely,
explosions without fire, The volume
of gas liberated in these explosions
has in some cases been estimated to
be thousands of cubic yards.- The
quantity of coal projected or simply
displaced may vary froan a -few pounds
to hundreds cf tons. These outbursts
occur sometimes without warning—
the coal within a restricted zone is violently disintegrated with a deep clang,
and a torrent of gas and dust Is poured forth from the broken mass. These
explosions are generally preceded by
warnings very familiar to the miner.
The seam Is detected creeping, small
fragments 61 coal are shot off the face,
the gas is heard .hissing, the tlm'bers
cracking, and finally the explosion occurs.
In working cross-measure drifts    it
frequently happens that the coal, by
reason    of    gas    pressure,  violently
bursts out the  -stratum  next to the
seam.      In   some cases  the seam  is
partly  cr completely" exposed -before
this outburst takes,place.     However,
most   of   the    gas   explosions occur
where the CGal is actually being mined,   although   sometimes   in  t-he   absence of the miners as was tlie case
in the first and third Bellevue explosions.     The sudden exudance of gas
and propulsion of coal will nearly always affect a wholp face or breast, although It is frequently limited to one
cr to a few of the seam 'layers.
Ratio of Gas Expansion to Coal
Resistance
The gases enclosed ln the pores and
in the many joints of the coal 'have,
by reason of their expansive lorce, a
tendency to cause these pores to hurst,
out and split open ihe fragments In
contact.     The resistance opposed to
this expansion is, as has been said before, generally variable, and depends
ou the degree of agglomeration result-
country wove upon his coat to catch
his eye and bait Mm t<r his death;
it is hard and jagged and cold. It is
his life's blood, which leaked out
through a hole that followed tlie point
of a salier to his heart. „ His form
is stiff and cold, for he is dead. "Phe
cruel wound and icy air have clone
their work.
The government lhat took his life
taught this -poor boy to love his native
land; as a child he dreamed of scenes
'of glory and of power and the great
wide world just waiting to fall captive
to his magic strength.. He dreamed of
war and strife, of victory and fame; if
he -should die kind -hands would smooth
his ibrow, and 'lowing hearts would
keep his grave and memory green, 'because he died in war. But no human eye is there at last, as the mist
of night and mist of death shut out
the bloody mountains from his sight.
Tue snow is all around and the air is
grey with, fulling flakes, which soon
will hide him froni the world; and
when the summer time shall come
again none can tell his bleaching
bones from all the rest. ,'The only
life upon the scene Is ihe 'buzzard
slowly circling in the air above his
head, .waiting to make sure that death
has come. ■ The 'bird looks down upon
the boy, into the eyes through which
he first looked out upon the great wide
world and ,whieh his mother fondly
kissed; upon these eyes the buzzard
will commence his meal.
SORE DEFIED DOCTORS
Zam-Buk Worked a marvellous
•Cure
Mr. Earle G, Appleby, of Big River,
Sask., writes: "Two years ago, while
at work, I injured my left heel. The
wound did not heal, but left an(a?cn
sore about an inch and a half lov.z. As_
you can imagine, t,hi? was ext:tniely
painful. I tried every salve that was
mentioned to me, but could not get '
tclKf, and so I then tried several old-
feshkned remedies, such as wax,
dropped inte-the sorts, Jiot tallow, etc.,
and finally went to a doctor, who
stitched the sore. This was fairly successful for a time, but last winter the
wound opened up again, and was as
bad as ever. To say* I'was discouraged
would be putting it mildly. I started
in again trying all kinds of remedies,
and suffered* hours of agony.
" My predicament waa noticed by a
fellow workman, who persuaded nie to
give Zam-Buk a., trial, I did so,
although 1 did not expect It would
prove any ibetter than the other
remedies I had tried, -In a short time
after Zam-Buk had 'been applied the
Inflammation and pain were practically
gone. Within a week tho sore showed
signs of healing. I continued with
Zam-Buk and it finally closed tho sore
and healed it complotcly. I consider
this cure so marvellous that I am sending this unsolicited testimonial, hoping
it will influence other sufferers to give
this wonderful ointment a fair trial."
Zam-Buk is purely herbal, and is
healing, soothing, and antiseptic. Does
not contain aniihal fats or poisonous
coloring mi'Iter.
Use Zam-Buk for cuts, burns, bruises,
obstinate f-orcs, eczema, piles, cho-r-wd
hands, cold sores, rheumatism, and all
injuries and skin disea?cs.
All druggists and stores, or trom
Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, on receipt of
price, It'f. ho--:, ?< boxes for $1.25. Refuse substitutes.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000     . Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
D. R. WILKMs, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pr««.
BR> NCHES   hM   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deport.
J     PERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN Manager
Xow why throughout the ages have
not gases heen diffused more evenly
through the coal under the pressure
of the superincumibent strata? This
is owing to the impermeability of the
coal. Experiments made in many coal
mains to measure the pressure of the
occluded gases have thoroughly justified this theory. The pressure found
in a borliig by means of a manometer
is proportionate to the quality of gas
enclosed therein, and the proportion ls
legulated by the initial pressure of
the gas and the area of the zone bled
by the drill. The importance of this
zone depends on the relative permeability of the seam ai tlio point under
observation, and also on the relative
Importance of the syBtem of joints
through which thr- drilling is made,
lias 'presDure as hi^li us -I2,."i atmospheres liave been recorded lu breast-
holes made in the Immediate vicinity
of ether holes of ihe same dimensions
In which the v;in pressures were normal. Lyndsay Wood states that In
tho Horton .Mine u drill hole giving
mi initial eas pi'-casiire or 20,7 kilo-
jrraiviH, was still "sivlnB 11.1 kilograms
eight months after. .Messrs. Fonte-
nc'lle and Lcconq al'tiu- a nerles of experiments remarked that the quantity
cf gas exuded from some fragments of
coal exposed to free air for many
hour* wu* hardly appreciable, although tho gas pressure of the fuel
umciinted to many kilograms per Htr©
keeping tho grain and pores uader n
pres-sum com-parativdy high. E, ti.l
tjA.Y.i-.ii...,i iTia.-.ji. I'jliii *»,i,ti* u ptv-•
cunHMe Inert one in colorific value'
vnrylnc frcm 7 per cent, to <»,.' p r!
tent, for n certuln cnal twenty-pine;
yi»-ar« old, nud this difference Is owing )
nu!i'.!y to the decrease of carbln.        j
These  farts  nmonjr  many   others }
*5iovv ihm tlio exudance of gas contain.!
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
ing from the number, extent, and disposition pf the joint in the coal, and
on the disposition of the face in relation to these joints.     As soon as
the gas pressure overcomes the resistance of the seam, phenomena of sudden   expansion   may  take  'place.   A j
•block of coal in which the pressure is i
greater than  the  internal  resistance,
man necessarily disintegrate violently I
as soon as a face or breast reaches it.,
This carbonaceous mass, Impregnated |
with gas, undergoes   an    abrupt   In- *
crease In volume and produces more or)
less violent mechanical effects jiropor-!
tlonate to tho quantity of gas llberat-,
ml.     In certain cases the dlslntegra-!
tion is only paitlal, hence the numer-!
ous differences depending on the dr-;
cumstances accompanying.or resulting .
I'reni .ihe g:is out-burs.'*.      As fur as
tho author knows the MorrlHsey mine
wciil-fl-offer very Interesting instances
of gut*'.i burs;*, whatever their causes
might lie.—Science und Art of Mining,.
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
— 'k^
''   t
  FOR FURTHER INFORMATION APPLY TO
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
HE   PAINTED   FOR   PEACE
liy .Clarence Durroiv
Vt-ratt-I;aulii pulitUiil war; he painted
war sa true to Uie that jis we look
upon the scene •«'« loivj-v for pea■:«,
lie pii'lntod waa us war has    oviix .
iieni iuul us war will ever he—a tjor-
til.li   and ghastly   scene  whero  nun':
drunk with blind frenzy, which nuers.',
say Is patriotic pride, and m!id« mad;
by  i!ruins und' fifes mid »mok« ami i
Ami. nnd shell and flowlne blond, net*lt
to iiiiiin ii nd wound und kill, hecnuse
n r.iler Rives the word.'    ile paints a,
bitttWield, n field of life, nnd dealh,;
a field of raniwge find of blood, and j
who are these that flsht like fiends,
and devl's driven to despair? .
Wluvt niuao 1* thH thnt mako* theso i
with the !);• tjartnieut of Kdiiratjon ,1*
the l'li .'Id !.(>' run -nl uny o'tn- to tie
va ■f'.U'..'! !
Vn   ;i     Tin- I'mhi'iiMmt ot ihv V,m
},\t,t n,, .,    ,.,'  - ,,.).',it n tii.ih-f  Hi jfiCMtf
BR<   In  ..1!  tis«l*i-*trh'»
.'• !'•  .  .\    X   .■yty.i;»..t* J!;.-.
?i ■ ■ i". ':**•.•■ '".. •'" 'ifl't'T with Mr.
%'b.xtl*!*'.. * »,icrint-Mti|ejit -nf lh»* ile-
pi-M-nTf »»f XirI-wim f"hl!tr*-n
vr*   •:■    fT'ili'V-:*-.)! nf ttt.' ttmplrty
mi'l"   "f   .il-'Te  tr'.f'*  b" Oflenlri!,*
I'«
nftiiiKllniiM aiul in mlimit <i copy of
■;rr,:i'•'."■')  ltf'VV  reK'i!..' i'-I)    to V'.ce-Pl'f
* -til-lit   1-3i!Kii*ii   liefl'l't'  tf-IHU'   v. j;l!4   ■))'■
ni-iii« law by Order in f'omti'll.
j...*,.     i Ki.tthtt .i,**-,'    .*,*-*.    ,-:'.ifilti     9.1,it,*
X * .A.')* n «'> uf Pa iiiii r tf'i'li.u t.i
•mr first t'citititlnti, re iitii<nifi!r>vni«*iit
thi'tr IntprVVn-ini 11'*n  <* Hlvn.iri, Min*
* ter ff  VubV-  Wint'.-.;.
Mr  S'l-w.ii't -imiiikI Mie CiiminlHi'.'
Vn   \»-r- TS«- (iQVf-rniiK-nt <««!•! not 'tint 1'** Ooviritmetil ww t'nhm t* *'t'-r-
, r"it••>-■,      "•'■> I'll-.'      tit
thi»   hominlon   nhf-t*.
ettmn
■i'lbe*-  i* ft-   >t''*'i*  -.«■>'•■ti-d,   wVi*n-   i ropu  Iki 1  fille.l,
a   similar   tow' tttwrarr. bt* ttlt tl-nt *n f.ir ,**.« tb*
fellN-s *'i«ri» t-oiK erm »l the l»rovln*ftal
Xo. I.l.   Am»>ndm«-nts to th*» ftiilld- j «loV*'rnm-t»nt   mt*rf   Impoffnt   without
,   , .        , ,   ,   , , • uifii fnifit t that tliey are men, nnd vlo
an evu, compactness thrash „u ,.«i«tl n   » I Is hu very slow in nil «■«.„„„ ^^ 10 „IW ,„„,,. ,.„,„, mM
imt». mul tin- void spuces contiinod in I -...rt   hat. ceHain mntiet ot coal nre I fnp „„„„,,     T.)(,v ^ (lf tmmp „„„ j
it .H.KI ,...rt.M«r.lly I «v, uv:,,l -,.en* j'i-r... lU-n.h ,w*rm**i>lo. ■ „bUvo |amI( ,,,„,  ^ JmVf, m ]mm$ j
Ajey m *,n* in d ff-rc n j,K-^ .tc-. Factor, of Gss Prtsiure In Coal ,.m, t!u, ,,wllt,r, „f tIl,Ir nntlvo ,ajltJ;
-oidlntf tn i.ii' m-un-.-s *, .-.,,(.-> 'h-( Nl,*A , iM j„|Umj tir Mml m'»*nrb,r>::»i 1141011 their toll iuul Wood,* Tlie 1
! *l>ii vi'KMatfcn w:is. < •■;..-»-»tiel    th" j ln ,.,,| lUnm4t m v.(rlou» (mau.    j mMm ,„„, „,.,„,,„ for wjiam U|,g nm j
'i'!r.- thi(!;;Hj;; uf tht Mid'.a.ej.u-} ',* ...i^.d ,u. ».»r ,.n«> utniu ,i i.lii Ui-j
'Um 'v^r the coiiHtltti'm:-' of i'.ic m'-m,', ymnl ihe mul nt »liot at;J kUpII, and j
and i-fjieelally tar. limit of time dur-(from this simt they watch thi'lr slaves!
iim wji.i'h tht'flrit K<»!!ment wai» toam* | jimir out t'nir hlooiT to sa'lify t-h**lr'
ri n'her worde, r;,,. ainotint of ob ' I'liler:!1 ,{ir!i!e uiul Imit ut tiO'.Vtil'.' j
Winn l-i tlie (-iiiMiiy thev ri«"ht?   Men
l!*hi*'  tliciiui lve«, who 'blindly 10 to)
  . ,..,,t>.     ,.,,,-,,>,    i,,,,nt,   toiu.ii.uiu, I
•1        T"  **-   .. ,• *..,*,'     r  ',' , «,,..'', * . ,' .      I
■■ 1.-,     .   . * .        *.    ,.... ;,  .*. ,i.. ..i.  ,j
'-.iM-.r-ttB «-r,»;;i. nisir- iVXy jietictrated ■ t'.w Ua Ir toil w V.„t.C, *lj|i.!itvt-r oun '
than tho nrlnaceoiu. have most  pro-' 1 heir m!»»r«    irty ' lU-inmit.    'Thii»»*
■bably allowed a raor«tomi»letiM'W0««. If isshthiK noltllcr* hart» no mnt*-for
lion nfttH* nt*** tlmn thp liusw.   *Th# i vtrlff-, bm ihelr rulpr-^ livo hy Wndl-
' L'|.:.-1 ,lf for!Wl"ll..i!i'l!l-   Alllch  til'  1't'n
I iii'ii<ii"t» fr.vrrli'a uji nf th^ volni «r*<*
j »«jitut la gr..-.it iut*.i>iu--.' from t.-.,-.»,>-
j |ine--woul(t c(i!i.*.(--.iiit-Mi|i, )»«• dirt-cud 10.
■ i.i-^ii iM.rtlui-» oi' 1,in im-* whiih *;-1!*-
1 t.iiticii th1*! liirfii'ii: and niott intnti-:'-
j u'ji •*«*i'..',#, ?>.it»  iT«-;itln*g  nu  .i.u*'i-u
i .tlo-n-l^tlliui ttt »!•,-,  fnttcHt-ii        1'« ■♦'»> -tin
I ♦*v#r-ttii-r.*ii«)n.'.' K''Ml'mi*-n*,»t!*ni,i t**** ''<->.*
j boil *milrt Iip Mibjfli'! to an Iiu't-i*'"*
| imiiiiiis-o mnl tho ocrjiidfut lotupf rautl
,  ,*,,H.:t ,«   »«T,V   i*,*l,'ili  »UJt* itf'Jll.Sui  fV,"U-
j -jiroMlon.
' 9-tt,ir*9   rt   r,**m    r*nmt*tt*..1r* f*    **■ t    r* tt
' ttxtwra
\    Thl* 1 «miir*fl«*iott, Iii'Siir ii.tt'i r»**;n-
i nn**-, 'Quid not bttt bo o|»|Mi*i-d to sho
i"'-', fr
,* niri'on   (.•;*:;o«-"il   t:t   the   e^cx\w  nf
■tho rt* jirtHluttn of ,h« dtromjibiiltion
When a Lady
buys Perfume—/
—She chooses it with as much discrimination ns she does heir gowns and hats.
> , ■„.••• n.« ( «.••».. ,».    »..*,..»    ..   m>M   •»    tttt*.   Ut    U4UttS
»;ut<lfta*»« ro«f* tbe exulatlon of face j land- ,1 lovo Hint mnk«« llitm hate
«:.«*, ta jucuiiH»il*ind mon- roadlly thoir brother lahorora of Athor landt,
tlmn -.with ihalo roof*     It t» tho an-Innd humbly march to death to aatlafy
ALUM
Mflk^, i$imetmem^^^mm^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ Jft ^gMHM>
Dr PRICES
BAKING POWDER
It muit be dlmlnctlvo in clmrncter—It mutt breathe
rcfiiicineiit—aiul it muit be of strictly high -quality.
Cor-aon's Toilet Requt«Ue« fill nil then requirement**,
whether in Perfume*, Toilet Watera, Face Cream*,
or Talc*,
Tliey nro competed of the most expen-
alve mnterlali, carefully compounded by
•ItilteU chemiitf.
orsom
Cttrnma "IDEALORCIIIH" art Ca*****, -POMAMDKK' Ite«f
Vatfmtn, Toflu \V*t*r, TtHem fettiar, eta,, nn fnttiatint Uaatita*.
ktVrt*i*tnifaU*\tt.tK*t\*tti\tt)T&itain, I
w*t\n,'*Msiit ymnixtMrnittunnUf .   .   Toronto, ont.
tilMti**i*at,wit*i*li*tl*mmtaMtmei^
nmlonvniitm of tho eon! in httor; thor'a opinion, howe ror, that thl* id a klnf* eaiirlri*
I tlnun. Id uio uj* had a «rt-at .',#.11 to -Inn, no; tu the grt-att-r amount of %m lltu let m look oiine more after the
I du witli th(» ifxtttrw of dlffor#m ».-ifn hut mainly lo tho Irtttor imtmlly broak- h«ftlo ban born fmnrht. >f*>ro wo »oo
j Is «if.4it» K#i-*tkm«. * of n n*:*m ih* A-uti **&oti mil no rol*«a>ilug tlve -coal j tlio wreck and r.iin of tite ttrlfo; the
' n-,-iit-t i.f .*l».s**!tiiro »ro ftlmon- Sm«»<-r-' frtm ft t»art of tho trrrivltr force*, 'fli-ld I* «ll».r.» t,«n* ..h„t, in fhr *''oid,
; * •■•;•• .»i!t-, iifii-tt'dlftajipcBrlttji! nltn;.- h-r Hhanfc't theory on thi1 foal Crook j the bps-*! of jm ^ ;md tiitfbt. A youas
j,.ml making th« mmI dnraiby »t»l dull Mino "iHrmsM" trrmt to corroborate I tK>MI«r* Ilea "um tho ureand: thn
) lt,*to».J of *ho»'l«t a long gkHM> gi-.i!K.  ?''''* 0}iJij*!ofi,     ^ \tww It MUn& t.m around bla formt
j tn the Intiftc-at-t *yKtt& ot lh* cloav-in-n -t- .tittetOMm, however umall, be-1 tha .icncly mountain penU* rite uj> on
' Vnt-* innnmfnttitm awall lotnts <rf ill tween tbo eonatlttienta of tbo aam»'»vory alilo: tho rrof-Ji of war U all
I■ «ha»w» and dUNonatma Vwmtlr doform <oal bod In different rotloni. Stbfjttt.     -Ilia  im*ff»rm  In  *r*n**l t»ntf
j tv coal tenure, ofTefWi to mw ah- 1 itostilttat eomprewton and ten»-' ataln'ctl. a ,*i->ot uf i\-.iu >e«n upon hi*
, j»»rv»Tlon nn Infinity of WWnnt farofa 'lmi:i| *tr****n tfno to tbo InoompJoto! ?ire»tt,     It Is not iho color that h!«
t
ShihhWim
•vmmt erem temm, etmte cetst
■ui tmb TMwoat am t uwo« m ci«m>
WB   PRINT
SALE BILLS
AND PRINT THSM It IO H T
mm or tmm, cm n* rem*,,,
Ul »» I'OIXTV. (W*
r.'i-:k I, Cur,r.,  fsu,X#t, u..ii. IM> hi*  ., M-.m*
BS. t »VW« S3 «3
•iMMHlil.  »»(!  lh-il DM Mm  wrtl p,y itSS 4,,n,"
t si. mi mihi.i> imhunon tta tun ut* **tr.
mAMK J. niEXItV.
rXt
mm -Cfcwna igaaM unm MMM-Hr
t**W npwttm hti*i*t»fit* mn«m» mrrn
aamatn. etma tar ttmetttmi**,, to^.
♦
\
___,I*.* __ *— - ..* 9* \r_*
aaam aa an ttfttanmt*, tmr.
tiki AtXit ttmtir m* h
\wnr,*i ■ncomtaune ti
till nxml(V,yi*, xT
wp!
•■' -ty?**
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
PAGE THREE
tt
Then
listen! Cold
attacks the lungs
_ and the breathing passages. To cure it you need to get at these
organs Sired. Ordinary coujfh mixtures
and syrups do not touch the lungs, but
£to direct to your stomach, which is not
idling. Peps, on the contrary, go direct
to the very seat of the trouble.
Peps are tablets containing essences
and medicinal ingredients so prep?j»d
that when placed upon the tongue they
immediately turn into. vapor, and are
breathed down the inflamed air passages
to the lungs, direct.
Peps medicine takes the form of healing
vapor, and cures colds, coughs, bronchitis
and lung troubles, just as living in Pine
woods sidd breathing Pine-laden air pre
vents consumption and cures chest weak
ness. Tightness across the chest, pain between the shoulders, hacking cough, sore
thro.it, asthma and bronchitis are the
.lilmunts which, in particular, Peps hav
heen designed to cure. Peps will soon
end your bad cold.
Testimonials for Peps have been given
by members of tliu Canadian Parliament,
doctors, law ye. ii, eminent Canadian
musicians; all going to prove that Peps
have been found a cure for throat and
. chest trouble, often when other
J        / rcm?Ji*a had entirely failed.
*»k FRKUTRIAL-Cutoutthi-itrtl
"•"■ de. and mall ll, with lcstamp (for»e-
turn misuse) to Pep« Co,, Dupont Sl„
Toronto, nnd we will »end you a tnt
tilal pick-is* of 1V|)«.   All drureittil
and Moits rcll reps, 50c box ot 3 foil
■11.25. See She n»m« ■
Peps (four   letters
' before burins
Economic Justification For
Use of Electric Power
In Collieries
\
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you- bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as we represented,   fliers
Is do hocus pocus iu
This Lumber Business
When you vskoX. spruce we tio not
(Presidential address delivered Oct.
3, -before the Annual -Meeting of tire
Association of Mining Electrical Engineers, vide Iron- aud Coal Trades
Revlejv.)
The question as to how far the use
of electric -power fn old collieries is
economically sound is an interesting
one, which has not so far beeft extensively discussed, though, as -we are- all
aware, an enormous amount of sucQi
lias already ibeen done. Though no
doubt in many cases those responsible
have made very careful Investigation
before putting such worl; in hand,
there are others who have simply'
followed the fashion and 'perhaps
ft nnd themselves In the Long run
.verse otr than at. the beginning.
In thc case of new collieries -where
,i reliable supply of cheap electric
;iowor is available and there is no
v 'ste hont from coko ovens to be utilised, engineers generally are agreed
that the .most efficient plant is the
electrically-driven one, but the case
of the older existing collieries, where
the plant is at present driven entirely
bj steam, is a very much more complex problem, and ought to be approached very"*' warily .before coming
to a definite decision.
Prior to tho introduction of the low-
pressure exhaust-steam turbine, and its
later development the mixed- pressure
steam turbine, many colliery, engineers
aware oT the extravagance in steam
consumption of the non-condPii'Sing
winding engine, had attempted to operate their winding engines condens-
ng; but on the whole this was .not a
success, due largely to the fact t.hat
the makers of these condensing plants
designed them to deal with thfe aver-
ttee flow of stea.m from tho engines
rather than providing sufficient capacity to deal with the maximum rate
of exhaust 'from the engines. The
non-condensing steam winding engine
was accordingly looked upon as a necessary though useful evil.
the use of eiectric power progressed
owing to its .many advantages, the custom grew up of providing not only the
machine required, 'but spare parts
suf.ficientj almost to mal-re a second
machine.' Today the reliability of
ele-ctrieal -plant is scarcely ever questioned, and a reference t'o the reports
of the Insurance companies will show
that the electric motor has as good a
record of freedom from breakdown
as tho steam engine. * The "spare
part" custom has, to a large extent,
disappeared, though in the c'ise of
very important machines the small
cost involved in storking a supply of
spare parts is a very small premium
to pay against loss due to a stoppage.
It may be taken, then, that so far as
reliability is concerned, the use of
electric power in collieries is thoroughly justified. Turning, now to tihe
question of safety, here there is much
greaier diversity of opinion, not only
amongst colliery men, but amongst
engineers themselves, and it lies very
largely in tho hands of the members of
this Association not only to .prove it-
fore the conversion to electric dsrive
can be justified on economic grounds,
.: -■ n.i -A js* fully considered and tak-
ed into account. This does not ari*>e,
of course, in the case of ne*' collieries,
hut it may be mentioned in passing
That iu the ra.-e of one,- or two new
collieries, though no data are as yet
available from actual experience, the
ease of complete electrical operation
is so strong on paper that the owners
have felt justified in putting down
the necessary power station with high-
Siressare stea.m turbines to generate
the power required lo operate electrically the whole of the plant at the co!
Sines, and uir-ccm.pressar engines, ami
while no doubt a' considerable saving
can 'be effected by installing a suitable series from thc- winding engines down-
condensing .plant to deal wit-ii the exhaust steam from these engines, a very
much greater benefit can be got by
utilizing the same steam iu lew pressure or mixed-pressure steam turbines. The saving effected in steam
consumption by condensing may be
taken at 25 per cent., ancl by utilizing
the exhaust in low pressure or mixed-
pressure turbines at 45 per cent.,
which in itself shows a'very considerable gain iu lavor of the steam fir-
biiie, and more than sufficient to pay
for the extra capital involved In the
turbines.
Hundreds of People Have
Found  "Fruit-a-tives"  Their
Only Help
ward's. The whole ca£e for such an
Installation rests on the fact that the
sonl consumption per ton of coal raised with the combination of steam*
turbine and electrically-driven winder
can do, that Uie extra capital expenditure is fully jus:if:e,l on economic
grcuni's. Thc perfecting of the big
gas engine will, of course, accelerate
such a change as tho gasifying of -jv.iI
in regenerative coke ovens or producers, and with recovery of by-tprodiicis,
making such a system extremely .:t-
tnctive.
Ucvcrtlnsj to the case o-' the exist-
At present thero are only two prac-j ing colliery witli Its steam plant, there
tical ways in which the power generat-! '■-re boilers, steam pipes and it-.'-im
e.l by turbines can be utilized—ti) tn j engines to be taken into consideration,
driving turbo-nir-compressors, and (2)
in driving electric generators-—the
geared turbine Is not taken into account, as It is noi sufficiently developed from the experimental stage to be
cf much interest is,,colliery,$*pritr'
*siid .of these,Awjb,*.ways ,we can-,-really
 cpiyi  yn-n  ho-mi«Mr      'whyi  ym;  fr.iT   steam   turbines,   or   even   slow-s.ne.Bri
HJ
first-class lumber we- don't slip in a
lot of culls. Thoso who biiy once froo!
us always come again. Those wiu
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
here,
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings. Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
apparatus unsuitable for tihe place and
wbrk.
•So far as the surface is concerned,
there is no question as to the safety of
electrical apparatus as regards fire or
human life.     Indeed, as regards fire
risk, the insurance companies actually
■At this stage engineers had re-cog- charge a lower .premium for Insuring
nhed the value of electric power for certain  buildings  when electricity  is
many 'colliery purposes; and many In- used for lighting than for any other ar-
stallatlons were put down, driven by  tifirial light, and in niKcase do they.
is safe in colliery work,-but to make It oniy take '.wgpvpt pf^he'secbiid, be
'  cg-us^ol^^^^e^'-^Haeliurbq
so. .;*-,-
It has--been the custom now for, »^ba^^Siq^ eyen in. Jargerslzes ot
some time, on every occasion whei^;i^^*l;-{SWJ".«Sbir!' foot.!! i>er minute and
there has ibeen an ex.polslon or fire in a' upwards. Collieries, then, .which de
colliery, for opponents of the use of] sire, to make the must efficient use ot
electricity in collieries to lay the! their principal by-product—exhaust
■blame for the accident ou the electri-1 steam—are driven to the use cf elec
cal plant, if .there -was any in the mine,' trical power,
but it is only in one or two cases that \ AU engineering is a matter of com
the charge nas been brought home, audi 1,ron.lise> aml ,it is Iloi- often Uiat iu a
even then the primary cause lay else-1 compromise we obtain so many of the
where. Further, it might exen he said. ^vantages we would desire, as are
that In such cases the accident was j roulld ln Ule turbine-driven electric
not due to the use of electricity, but!Benei.atlnB plant- Sonie of these may
to the use of defective apparatus, orj,be men+ioncd:  (n iu8h syeedi which
hl?h-Bpeed   engines   or  higlnpres?ure
engines. These installations" were
found to be useful and economical on
the whole, and the use of electric power iu collieries 'began to grow rapidly
for all auxiliary service, such as light-
Inn, pumping, secondary haulages,
screen driving,,, and general surface
work.
Hut the introduction of the low pres-
j '-nre and mixed-pressure steam turbine
j g'ive tho uso of electric power in col-
J llcrles the incentive necessary to en-
-,iire   its  almost   universal   adoption.
dpmar.'d a higher premium iwhere elec-
trip  light   ia   iigpil        Tiling  Hip   risk—tit
fire on the surface, due to the use'of
electricity, may be put on one side as
quite negligible. • On the other hand,
the risks to human life are no greater
In a .well-installed and wcll-looHeikafter
electric installation at a colliery than
on a street along which runs an electric tramway fed from over-head line,
or in a modern electrically-driven factory, of which there are thousands In
this country in which there have been
practically no accidents of this kind.
The .principal rls,k lies of course un-
carries .with >it (2) low capital cost rA
plant, buildings, and foundations; (3)
high eftilciency; til simplicity ancl
ease of operation. It may be claimed
then that the installation of mixed-
pressure turbo-generating plant at collieries is justified on economic
grounds, as the most suitable and convenient means for utilizing the waste
by iproduct—cxhantst 'steam.
Invariably in an existing steam-driv
en  colliery,  the various  installations
as well perhaps iu some cases as Uie
machinery driven by the steam engines wliich may be unsuitable for .-on
version to electric driving. In a weii-
cond'iictrd colliery these will, of
course, have been depreciated, tutil
may stand today in the hooks at hnlf
their original cost. If then a scheme
of e'ictric power generation an.I electric driving is under consideration,
the capital value of the plant to no
scrapped, less scrap value,' must be
adSed to the scheme, and in estimating the running cpsts of the electric
power there must be added the sum
annually required not only to depreciate the new plant, but also the existing plant to be scrapped. I
ft i.s obvious from what has been
said earlier that the first result to
be anticipated from tho conversion io
r-lectric drive is a reduction in the
.'c-m.ind for steam, whether tlie power
is generated in high procure strum
engines or turbines, p.is engines, or
miNctl pressure steam turbines; consequently the. number of boilers in me
cm be reduced. The result is noi
only a saving in coal and labor, but
also in tlie repairs bill, because usually at collieries the repairs bill on t'.ie
boiler plant is the heaviest item of all,
t'.tking into consideration the capital
involved. " On an average, in eases
where the electric power is generated
READ THIS LETTER
Superintendent of Sunday School in
Toronto Tell* How He Cured Himself
of Chronic Rheumatism After Suffer,
ing for Year*.
55 Dovercoort Road, Oct., ist. 1913.
"For a long time, I have thought of
writing you regarding what I terra a
most remarkable cure effected by your
remedy "Fruit-a-tives". I suffered from
Rheumatism, especially in my hands.
I have spent a lot of money without
any goodre.-mlts. I haVetaken "Fruit-
a-tives" for 18 months now. and am
pleased to tell you that I am cured.
All the enlargement has not left my
hands and perhaps never will, but the
soreness is all gone and I can do any
kind of work. I have gained 35 pounds
ia 18 months".
R. A. WAUGH
Rheumatism is 11b longer the dreaded
disease it once was. Rheumatism is
no longer one of the "incurable
diseases''. "Fruit-a-tives" has proved
its marvellous powers over 'Rheumatism, Sciatica, Lumbago—in fact,
over all such diseases which arise from'
some derangement of stomach, bowels,
kidneys or skin. •
"Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size,
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
Why Zam-Buk is Best Sure
lor Skin Sores
An illustration of the -way in which
Zam-Buk cures even the most serious
anil eiivonic cases of ulcers, eruptions
and sores is provided by Mr. R. H-
Marker, of Glencairn, Ont.   He says:
"1 would not have believed that any
remedy could cure so quickly,.and at
the same time so effectively, as Zam-
Buk cured me.
"My face 'beccme covered with u
kind of rash, which itched and Irritated. This rash then turned to sores,
which discharged freely and began to
spread. I first tried one thing and
then another, but nothing seemed to
do me any good, and the eruption got
worse and worse, until my face was
just covered with running sore3.f
"Apart from the pain (which waa
very bad), my face was such a terrible sight that I was not fit to go
out. This was my state when some
one advised me to try Zam-Buk. I
got a supply, and, marvellous as It
may sound, within little under a
month every sore on my face was
1 beCsd. I was so amazed that 1 have
i told the facts to several persons, and
■ I have no objection to your stating my
■ experience for tbe benefit of    other
! sufferers."
i    Zam-Buk Is pureiy herbal ln coti-
I position, and is the idoal balm tor
babies and young cblldrsu, for whoso
' tender skin coars-3 oirtments are bo
i dangerous.   Zam-Buk Is a sure cure
for cold sores, chapped hands,   frost
bite,    blood-poison,    varicose    sores,
piles, scalp sores ringworm Inflamed
patches, babies' eruptions and chapped
places, cuts,* burns, brulaes and skin
Injuries generally.   All druggists and
stores sell at 50c. box, or post free
j from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, upon receipt ot price.   Refuse harmful sub
•mutes.
: quickly stops coughs, cures colls, :
1 the threat*and lunes.       ::       ::
I
gi
Who is Your
Printer?
m-mucin
dcpendoil
supplied with steam from the centra!
boiler .plant. This involves an ex
tensive system of steam .pipes ir
which, on account of losses due in frlc
tion and" condensation, the transmis
Hlon efficiency ts not high; also ow
ing to the expansion and contractior
of the pipes and the presence cf 0011
deuced str-.ini, joints leak ami i-ivi:
troublo, whioh means loss of efficiency
fu the transmission and expense for ■
labor necessary to  remake  th
—! tp_nilypil  nrrsfitirp stpajM_uirhliing_iitlL-!-Bl	
!j3
nery-are-operacun~uy-5rimtirra*-i "_- ~ -™
it steam engines,  which  arc   ^"K U'e exhaust steam Trom the wind
ing engines and air eompressois, andlp
w-liere ail other machinery is driven M
by electric motors, the reduction !n|[l
ti;.1 numbtr of ^oller-s hi use amounts.p
to ;.( least -in per cent.. '$
If new the cost of running tho aver-;p
a;..o l..:iiiciis.h!ro boiler at a colliery be;a
taken at only  CSr.O per annum- to '.n-M
elude coal, water, lalor, repairs an.l[5
is'allatlon  co:i-'}a
depreciation—-on  an
slstin.: of 1'2 tellers, the s.vini.'; effect-
m
I'lnslneers  rero-snlzcd    very    quickly  (lorground,   but .If   full  advantage   is jhiuts.     Tho  transmission  e
that -by "the aid of this type of tur
{bine the noti-condenslii-g steam wlnd-
j iris PiiKino could bo converted Into a
I comparatively efficient machine and
I cheap electrjc power provided for
! practically all colliery purposes, with
CANADIAN
1 PACJ P-trnt:;
Very Low Fares
In connection with
EXCURSIONS TO THE OLD
COUNTRY
Daily   Nov.  7th to
Dec. 31st Incl.
!t!.o result that today tlu-re are fairly
j numerous cases when.1 the power ob-
i lain, d from tho oiierR.v rcniaiiilnj; lii
thn  nipt i nl !:i l'in t'0111,8'' of '■- J ear by reducing .rfl
fflclency ■ l''''s l!',lll!'e1' by -lo per cent, will t<ir-|3
taken of modern information, methods ] then, even of the best stiani pipe in
Ftnlliitlpps,   is  not  lij-;h,  and   If  the
and precaution, this risk can -be sreat
ly minimised, if not wholly obviated.
In ^many mines there arfi places j error will not be ou tho low
whero, due to t.'ie continuous presence j in :u, electric tr.insml«slnn llu- onlj
of itne*, electrical apparatus ought not^ss is that due lo llie. re.-'.sfince ■■.'.ilih
to .bi! iiiuUllcl, and there nre other Ithe < (inductor offers to lite flow oi the
pl.'tc -; where, tboiiRh normally k:is Is. eurrc-rt, and as tliat is usually 11ml:e-'.
nor prcfeut, nt any time rms .may be, to :, per cent, of the power tr.iiif-m.U
tho K.onm which Is exhausted from Uio I !oii:i(1, ,, (H fljr ti„, colliery maimers!, *\, , vei In imiR-r •nn-Hiiilfsloiu than
nn,, nnidPiiMni! wlndlnu niplnoR. Is ,,, , ,,,. -,. :ilKL,r , that I«. Ur m.-:n ■ |... ;„■.„ Llt-b;. »llli *... 1:11 pipe, .11
Hiirrif it lit nui only to provide for nil | •„,,., Ilf ,h!s Association-to put into; c'-r-ti-'c- tr.insinis-lnu is more erfle'.en!
-us'lliary   requirements   of   Individual j fil,..i, pi,,,,,, eb-ctrlcul i.|.n:iraiiiK wlii* h ' ,i,.in -, tn,-r, ..pvil't'- -tp-.-u tra-i-.r-
i mi! tlie shut'.lns down of five holler-,'g
j which In the case of 'lie iisiv,i]
iilllpry .g
nny he taken to represuut Tu'i 10 T.'if'pi
§
,ivpr:i?e be taken at sr> per cent., the
(-j(, ; (1.11,    if wo take it. that for .-aeh h. p
j in li'Otor* 0110 kw. y rtiiuin-.! In tiie
■ Ki'i'.eratinK i'tat Ion. 1 lie e.i-ia.-lty or thi
' nt t'.i r.ulir-, si' nt tl.e inlxt •!  ;.unsure
I type will lie 7."..1 k.w , tin- capital f-o.-u
uf   ,'-hie'.i,  I'i'eiiiilln';  piping, h'tildin^s,
I'.vansiiiish!-:!,  s AJuli-J > ar, :<!i!  titotor.--
'"'!'   !,i*.   ,iiiiiriivliii-.(),lL.    (.1 "J 'HIII.
b.i   (u'tiiij: d!i
\s'l! be appt'ONlie-itt-iy
'T';;e   il.'.vIn'-J   1 Iff ei.'.!
•Vl
ll.
,i', *
:l
limit  five  months.      Stop-over
and extension privileges.
FULL INFORMATION r« r«H and
tteamjhlp tickets Into sll Tieket
Acents, or write—
R. Dawson
District Passenger Agtnt,
Calgary        •:-        Alberta
.'»
J Polllcrlrs, Jim  to provide   11    surii'is-f
Ifioiii n Ri'ou.p of pltn to drive anoMieri
j pit wholly by olictric power, Including
j the wliiillnt; eiif^neH.
I    Tho fame nimiHcs to some extent to
1 rhe RiiH I'tiKlno uslnir waRte mum frr.in
I *iy proi'iict coke-oven plants,   1'iior to
; tiie iiarodiieUoii of the byproduct coko
own, the bm \ilve ove.iis in use al many
collieries  provldod  only  waste  lieut,
which  wte-i urlllzeil  in  hollers which
raw! xteam fof-wlnditiR, am! t.e.i'M'al
, (.ui!'.!.!.,!  (i,ii,,„i,.j, Lat the ..*.., bj ■;>;*,-
I ihtet evei:?-  not  only  provided .wiihIp
I ],*(.-,. i,,,( ., ,.(*,., .|i'<*;-'!!'lle  'Urplll*1 f|U:U't!-
; ity 1A such j»,;i;i, M«HU collieries slm-
(■ulysiKi.- 1 IiIb hui'pUih gas ns an aid to
, ..k.ini i.u.'.in;; by btii'iiliis U under the
; IidIIith, Imt oihftfH have tiistnllrd h'Ipc-
liir-poivir plmtis driven by jjas on-
!'.'ijn'», wiih Ii upi-rtite by thlx surpluti
; na.*, A* tite jiowep getierati'il lu such
1 P'.iiiIm is iiIs-hi i.-lu>iip,|l|i<) um; of elei'-
J tiii- [-niver In pf)I!l"rlpi»-hits received'-a
'furtter MtimiihH by «hp1i Installations.
liurliiR the Initial flulit which elec
! lri.- power as » m w thlnu had to make
if" nndpf 110n1r.1l e'rci'u-
is mu nn
slil'ClM,   !uu   ;i!"t)   Ultdl r  Musi'-'
ma! conditions, *
W'.Mit r!sits .-thoro ate in lhe use of
-sjrrtrieltiy whether on lhe surface or
iiiulr-'raroiiiiil, H-Mf-in turtle n« = Delateil
chiefly with sw*lteli(?0'.ir, duo perha.ps
ttt c-iuelessiiPHM on the -part of the
mwltnfiiciiircr!* or the users; Many
look on switehRftar un uiilniportant ih-
ers"oilp«, and  while they   .w'.ll    tikr
every car*! with the cables und tra*'.-?
.ii^.-.i.i, .... .i..„t.n,. ,.,.* 1.ml l
t>tf' nrt* licit fhey are rospe
•h    :-!<*'■   ',. ■••■'  )iie;**t  ;-:>■;.Ve  !;!nd  f.},!'
Iho work t!:ey have to do nicl the phic
they have to work in. they do not tak"
tuiTctJiitudi;:*^ lisiyv,iut'..»;;,.; v.! U :!.,.-
t-Mv!t<-*Vpf ar.
Fll'iilly, tiiere la the pol Hi of view
of eeciifmiy, by which Ih meant, iter-
hait«, more the■ justlfleiitlon on eeou-
emile Kt'Oimdii of lite 11**-; of tileetrle
j-rjivi-r !n eolllerlen, Inrludhi!,' iu Ue,
fi»fi)*t, ibi* utlllyillon nf '.va-itp !'<'\*.
K)isi:s and exluui^t steam; ele-trS.'
tt-lndllif,   liatijlliir.   liiiliniinu.   uld   fati
rt, «<te.
■-1 •;>'■■ ,     l-'ini: •:■. 'it'   i.ipit.tl  1 vi'. a::-l  iii:-I .
■ itei'Miice   of   'nu   electric transmission I
K), it1111 are le.»n than those of :i Hlmilliir ■
Htctm  Kyatetii, x> that  the transmis*,
■•'•'<! ::? y.iiw, r u.' the ftirni of rlP'-'rle'tv
;.'j a':((..-i .-team  *ni'! slinllarly e:."it*
I>rf!«--;i il air, U "Justified    from    ever-'
■prtinfc*-!^VteW».;":*;«.*t ,*..*,   ,   .**,.,   .    ,   ,
'.•*.,' I "•
iv:i:' :i l;
!>ri i-i
■1 !i t.uin < ,11 '1
lllicie'i; 11.-t
.sn-;    (l( '.Vi ■
■H
pi
■tT'
■ 'A
[''■>
[.'■J
t'i
D'U~yoireveF^onsiaer=
the importance of
o 0 the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
tej
fa
o 0
r.   11   , •".■■
r.I.ja >.••■ «ii-' pi..,.;. .-iir.i]i;ie.i, but. tn
ovkli'   i:.!ert«*it   and   il"p;'e;-hit!on  on
iln.- ekttr.icui phial tie.il have n profit
' ws well.
I     I'lveryU.Jiis; ;!i<-u  ,mint;s to the «()')'
, iliivaib   in' i' ;vi;.,!,  a.*:  X  iWi ;rk i1:-
>!i:!  •: Sp.-'trleiil  ;i:.,.;.v,.ati !.,i i.-,-illieii' .-,
Ull.'-ll    Sil'.ieth-ul.y
sole ('.rime int)',*
aa hsmmtm^^m * w:^m i,*«,, *-,;;,-,.,'.,;,,
-jta.rt.Ui-y-larly;' tfi.f-ii^Iii*'-^*^,"'*tl^-,^.*»i-i"-atj-i.j <t,, ,; (',   , "',,/,'
..*».- n,itx*jt.,,,^f mt^^njrfiUM^iwMm. w*«"iwii^lJ.5frtt»»»l«:j
ect I v.: i y •: **vr,)\ y,- *--*; ■;. Hte y' mirk "'mAo* -M^fytttM']
Th.-
b'l'.ai" i'i.-
. 1- !h aee.'ifd-
1 fer.. us, m:t\
I in ffihHiioii with nil other new thlnus jdrhltis: the nm cf eieetrie !atn(
;*-.r l'!ea%, the pt'ItU'liial point tirKcd j It l.t tu,t a Uh.k time Am.,: '.'. ■,> ,
' ttaliici Its use vvui- its uiir*ellability. j [ie*iii'<.'d to be a maUer'of intlllf*'!'ii*e:
jlh" Me am eiiKine wiii then u IiIkIiU j at manv wilIieriiH wluitlu-r ilu- u.a;,
ileveloped and simple maehliie, and In iconsumiitlon for their own »»uriM*i« * i
, the  *wni of  *mjl!iliHt  Kolas;  wrung |i»t th« .|iits :*ax* 'i per c«-nt. ur l" i«-r ]
•v1'*^   l|    II    wil   H-KIClv'   alWHV*   fl   Wl>, I p*nl   nf .!,•» flHiiwl   l,i,t  -.-Ith l»f>fi-*,«'••<' •
rhiintrnl  failure .whle.h  eould bo  re-|enmoptltton, inerpnned rnpt i'up n> leu.i
I pi:r«.l by ttlmost unyotio, but suili tml-1itlatlon, dwr-rased workln? hour* Hint
mt*n were ft«w, and so long ns the en* tntrtmmi wtieet, (rrent attention ir. be-
.Mlln: it.-* »U|i|*;k-*d .uitJ* ^luitw JilfaJ* wiliiug iMul io«v«-i> ineaim by wi»iui
I It worked,    Ityen.lf It wen? unocoit-
i iinii'-nl, It wa* rv»llah|p. Th<» «»leetri<'
ftfiotor, on tbo other hunrt, was mritrd.
.il a* s eontrlV!itie»» made up of a
'.untile of eopper wires, with pieces of
jape nnd string Insulation which could
not he mado Into xomotblng mw.*hani-
rally sound.-ys6 that th-tro was bound
'     '   '   :*l'.\v;.', ikv,.i  It' i-.ut
av-
Lt,   l.i>*   IIII, V ||,Mli. .1,    *J>.*UI»U>«J   ui   •!..     .,.'
sulstlon.     Then, as oleciHclans wen*
ttm-. (he -test of reiMlr* wa* hfKb!, and
(the time retired tonf, with henry
consecinenf lois dtt« to the stoppsre.
Su. h it-f-re tb« arguments use:! m*
A,„y. lUv u^c of iilw.*fct.-lc k>u.'.v,r, -^u-d
*o suc-Mssfttllf w«re tb«y thnt whli#
lugs mny be i»tfeel«l,    -Now, If t'n-
mr* tfit»i »M>w*-«»f -rw*)«t« i* -11 *'••■- *■-»'■ ■ .*'
Merles lit the rounlry be 'tnken at to;<i!i'*
tier eent. of their tuts! etuis, It i^-fv!*' -   <
dent that n small rinluc.ion In 'AA :
figure means a very couskleraWe . t.-.;.-, 1
ln« In the eonrne ot n y«r, nM *h!e
«mall swings taW b« -effected in ••'?>•
uii*. -'••>.>», '.'•-> <.i*ii',<.-r,t U.U.' .-..*■
',.,:,,, , j  ;!,jt Ati.',i  ,-.,i,i. *.,".. ,•   *> n. *\. ,
»5'.i \-,i r cent, N a hlu'i averase fist uro -
and tb.-i: does nut rf f 1 r t"> the arnmnt
',-f  ii. .11   i',u'i»i'i!tie*til.>   r<-i|iui'« ii,  imt   ie j
tii.-  lhi,'{irer!"al  niiioitnl.  of  n'.i-atu   re
•Ullrcil,    "They tire Itivarfuhly reeipru-*
i'rititi;',  ii'iH-hJiH'!*, mi'l  h.iV" to citivrr!
ti-.f-lr iiiotioti  by  nM'iii-4 »* hf-ivy  fi>',i!
awI.wnnj rnnvSnir part-': Into the rotury
fi rui Hi   *-. hi.'h It  \* r..<(ulri'i|.
UV' *t   !■'   '!!'■  ''ff. '• ' < j   ff  t'l-'   ,;•-•    '
ase eleetrle motor?   Certainly cot le.**
■Ji-'ti   W,   ,,, |-  ,*(-i>| ,   •, 1, •   ;m   I'".--   I-, i'i *■>
fri "tefsi-d c.'it!*iin>i*ttini. nf eiir,f-t1t cim
i.'.iie.J Ai.h :Jn- tlii w> I'.t.tl ♦.oin>*»„..,i*
*:**..u, t!'e »m: of r-lei'trie iiiotnrs in fti.lv
,   |i-l'f:«.|     1,11     lill»     Ifl.'ll'-ll    1*1     <*ffil*k-h,*■*.
.''ii',.'. Tin ie, are, i.ilitt - V**r, other fue
I .- 1   i\ Slit ti   ;».!,1   in   tli'-   • 1 .(,-iliiiile   sil
,,. ,, ,1,,,,,.-,,*. *   f..  ,*,,-.  r.1,-,,,,1.    ,,,■,.,,1,    .,,,.*■
tt he 11 th•>•«<• tire tnUeti ivtei (if>tinhfr*"r«».
ihvi iii*- eni*** for the els-cine motor I*
ov< rwheimlitsr.     Per jiraetieally everj
*U»r,li;.H»J i,,H..iMl   „  fO!il»*r}   lUtJIiVW ^lOA-S-j
' - n-t-tutri (I in I lie rotary form, and tin
*v!t!;'U!t t'-e tiiierventl'Ui iif f«TI
h; t.oiiH r;-.viiuii'*! ihi
I'MIl:1'",-.-: •■   .*' ■    ! *.!'   ■■
hi-i'.v tii-- i-'iaas'.*-- in
*i'(:i't   Jiih;!!!"!-'...    *  I
iif   the   \-.-J-y ':■*.'•:-1
eill' KtlK'illl «,'I'H k'i i'.v
.it mir iUtlis   jjfj\:,
nf   thi-   mjiid   Sf,
s( '. li!1.-,   by   (;nli! ilill
.•I 1'.'*!.■ I'.-* ami fl-.- .(.
tu. i-lilif,'-*, tliiil »-.* ;.
.»iieii-i.illlti«*»>  .iini  ti
:it:.\
iv lu>
el   Ud
II!
iilv:
In-
male io fe*
as Mi-eiti'i- ,•■:*
■i*i,f*-}  (■",*.. •  1.
'  |.r.te<!.":tl   ,..,,",
.:-**tl'!!^   „*ii.-, ;:(1.I
'lieli! **
-Mld.V.
I
1
I
ft
iH
t,t!
fl
m
to
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
Tl
^ District Ledger
-QUALITY'  PKINThRS
:-:    rerme, B.C,
Phone 48a
!!'
fe'fr' •"• i<<?l*%&iAA,M:-iA A£7A,.
• u ./. wiBSSnWES
:ii:tf  In
ENO^
"FRUIT
salt:
THE
■^AKs^I'.Ka a.
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL    HOUSE
timm,*iit9mmmmi*mmmmmmmmmm*immmmmm9m-> nummi-awn. »■■. nu m w^wwtm,9tm,.m,
Bttt , Ar re mm eta tin ft fn t|-.f P-it* *-*
{:■„',„. 0.'tt ■*- C«ei/ C-.rtv.Bint..,,...*.- -
r I.--., if ,.,*♦   Culn.'.«i'.
SU1TADUE   TOR   LA0IE%   AhO GENTLEMEN
' .-   !i4,-  t-f (!ir.--:*:-'=Ui'h-;!   h^b-Kpeulj
!.-, 1   I * * Sit-   .   '-ll!'.'*..   JlltiU^Il   !;i   Ail-n, I: I * i
;■- rii.-tit'i rf u* f-ffleletit a* ■»!«* «ji'-t>il j
r<-»'i|ir«i."»t!ti!? maehliie*', sir*- diftt,*, oc-1
meelt.tnleal fsllure, then f»iJi»r» due Iroimlr*■ Utol tbe prlnrtpal fnv'ntf * :*n>* at fotiti '-.t'A.mi nr intention, an I mul'.
.a ,,-n «**ii«-i-n-tt i,y uiuiEintr tm- » ■
hy-tsrodttets which thej" have IS
aHowe! to fro tn *-:»»te or •.•■ ■
Infffielently.
The m»ln by-product jit th-   1
exlmilag Miller?  Is  undon >t. >i
^r«.«£«4i44  1IAI'4^4.^tt4*lul   W}   l|l^   fll.'tf.   fl' it' l**.**.
s««h as* the winding nnelm-*. •"•«-'> «'"'
tto
tite
ill** !»■   .11   lli.-M  I  ,-i   ,
fin fnr, no a.-.-flitnt hn* lieen mkey j
nf   •'( ■   it  .,'.i,i  --r  '' *    -i ,t!Ui  '!.*■ fc.'d
ca  I't  ':','..■  .-'x'*tf:u  . :*.i:u  Keiier.itlurf !
^''-'t.rl'.iis'tu, an-J u"AlA.<ia ;>!at:t at ex \
' i»li«iii   'j'li.'iif*,   vk ii,-.'.i   :;t   'k>*   ef«nt.
■    <>. *   -*'■*   I     ,  ittl!'„        ■*,       .if,* t   t* ,*.•.**«.«** ,i|,l*4    t
cL. \w**<%,-tBr m*t h* tnUn
W.\ V^5^»« M-WltMul h**>.
ymfx^ltr *(*!* wnb petiatl
WAwfriv. U mitt tMoten trip.
f|       in ' 1.1 v* *--*i l.fM. hut eenllv
«»|.1«    ,—l-lt    MAltUUl     Ut-
ptmanr-n tbe tp'ttb*ethmat *
fnf llt-s v.uiiiy.
JSo'J k* 1 w«e», A»i».AW{*», Aui-
»,.!,- i' • I i-.i»H WMt* Mlil it
•11 -th* ,*"nttp*X ***** emit****
miCttut*,*.
i'trpattht mh by
j r rm. w, "fr& UV
W«U ttniii*, laibal
Htattit.1 '"••','»: W«»M f-!»*••§
*). a. r«v«,,!,»\r(
■> *~l
Cft * a*\ttttr    m *t
-mm.-*.*-* k. ■-,   aHifcMU
I
thu WALDORF
Mm. S, Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
J
*i*t^.4
Excellent  Cuisine      f.w..'rican
European Plan     Elrctrie Lisrht
Hot -k Cold Water   Sample Rooms
Phones   Special Rates by the month
»•
Khitnfik £limt>
, bl-
r:»l,*i:*-,*l, *r..-l I? >■* eb\'.nm tint bn- J $*Q|>$ tO^'fi'V-
*"**»     wAt
'! 1 IIIRi.lJWll
IttttpttiTi PJ*!| B««*» fttin
tL**)& fm Dny
m
'-4
y>*
1 *t
.)
..S
ll
IL-^-i^'iJ ''.^^^af*'*^
■tfwT^rSfc ..*f?f.. '-^Tjip^ji^s
?AGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
Published every Thursday evening: at iti office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District; Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
UNEMPLOYMENT AND .THE "BACK TO THE
LAND" SOLUTION
All wealth owes its s.mree lo labor, and labor cnn
produce wealth from only one source—the land.
This is an indisputable fact, and an iron-bound one
at that,   Some may claim that their wealth is derived from manufactures, others that their iiieomos
are derived  from  the sea.  wliile witli the intro-
il net inn of aeroplane factories, we shall expect to
hear investors claiming that tlieir wealth is derived
from the air.     lint lo all thc land is indispensable
for it produces the sustenance upon which we exist.     Kroiii no other .sources are the necessaries of
life obtained.     Scientists and fiction writers claini
thai   in the fu I ure we may draw our sustenance
from the oxyjjen in the air. but even they will have
to admit thai without the land we should cease t.i
have oxyjicii.    So the basic foundation  of man's
life and existence is the land: nothing else,    Tliis
in the i'irsi and last analysis.
Such bi-iiifr lhe ease, why is it that we find so
many ready lo sen IT at the oft suffiresled solution
to unemployment and poverty—viz.. "bach to the
land".' The scoffers are not all ignoramuses, for
llii-v arc invai'ia'blv men who liave .studied our social
This same gentleman, however, might ekim that
if llie weather had been propitious, the crops would
have been O.K., but the unfortunate part of it is
the weather persists, year after year, in playing the
same old tricks, and the soil is.so light that if there
is a good shower, no one is aware of it two hours
later. And as a result of selling this bad land, and.
then permitting others to sell to the "suckers," tho
government is paying the tidy little sum oil two
millions. 4
bo not think, however, that there may not liave |
b;-en other factors at work to impoverish the. farmer, for he may have had hard luck in t'he shape of
sickness, loss of stock, and hundreds of other things.
We have only quoted one reason—viz., the side of
land not suited for farming. But. one can excuse
the worker if he jeers at "back to the land" when
we have politicians telling us in one sentence that
the farmers in the north are most prosperous, and
then stating that the government has spent two
million dollars in relieving homesteaders in the
south, that we ventured to do a little explaining.
However educated and intelligent you may consider yourself, however, there is one thing that you
must recognize: To put. the worker, on the land
means that lie will bc able to secure a living—provided it is land and not a rock pile—of some kind;
for he has the means. No matter how poor his
physique nor luvxv mean his tools, he has in the land
the basic means of procuring sustenance.
The bulk of the bind in this Dominion—i.e.. the
best land—i.s held for speculation, for advancement I
in price!     Small taxes are paid by the holders for
this privilege, bnt they arc small.     Xow, suppose
we attack this "privilege"--just the same as the
old country attacked the privilege of those  who
thought they could hold sugar, wheat and other
staples aud sell   at   fancy   prices—and   introduce
sumptuary legislation that will force these people
to cultivate their land or quit claim?   Truly a very
bold suggestion and one that may not appeal to
those ministers and politicians who have been in
the land game so long,     liut we will compel them
to use the land or permit others to settle thereon
and cultivate same.     The settler might be permitted the same generous treatment as the Irish fanner
receives, a twenty or thirty year purchase, while
the past few years,- but iu'stiustance the difference:
is so slight as.tp be a very inappreciable quantity
as the known records of Forts St. Paul and Sehus-
sel'burg continue to reveal. The request of the Socialist members in the Dumn for the concession of
an amnesty to political prisoners is collateral evidence that men are still iii durance vile for the
offence (!) of daring to think aloud. It is scarcely necessary to add that the request was not conceded.
We have stated tliat there have been changes in
form; to give a brief resume we think a propos.
After the disastrous collapse of Russia's encounter M'ith the army and navy of the Mikado in 1905.
a panicky feeling prevailed throughout the Muscovite's domains, dissatisfaction was rampant everywhere, in many places there was open revolt. Consequently something was necessary in order to
abate the possibility of the revolutionary spirit becoming universal throughout the country. The machinery was soon at work to stem the rising tide,
and in May of 1906 the First Duma opened its
sessions in St. Petersburg (now Petrograd), but
fearing that the cure was likely to be worse than
the disease, owing to the dangerous (!) men Who
had obtained entry into what was intended to be a
party of lauds and praises to the magnanimity of
the "Little Father," it was dissolved by a ukase
(edict) of that individual after a short and stormy
two month's existence. .Another Duma was convened in.March of. 1907, but again a number of
those wicked (!) .sub versioriists-had frustrated the
well-laid plan of the bureaucrats by gaining admission to this otherwise "respectable" aggregation of
parliamentarians! (!) and for this reason .alotie the
Second Duma was dismissed in June the same year.
The reason for which was their failure, to exclude a
group of Social Democrats who were charged fwijih
u conspiracy of plotting against the Czar. The
Third Duma met iu November, 1907,- but the number of representatives was largely decreased by the
application of considerable restrictive measures as
to whom the franchise should be allowed. This-
prohibited all Poles, as Avell as the "lower orders
of nationalities" other than Russian from exercising the right of suffrage, also practically disfranchised the peasantry. It is claimed that there
have been some1 reforms granted through the efforts of the present Duma in the Siberian exile sys-
• tem, but even on this point there is a divergence of
opinion judging by one Davos, a Russian writer,
exiled in Switzerland.
"The mountain labored and brought forth a
mouse." It may be a long way to Tipperary, but
it is a still farther distance to Russian conditions
that would induce a Western Ontario farmer to
trek to tlie new wheat fields of Manchuria as an
improvement to his present surroundings.
PROGRAM
Firnie Philharmonic Society Concert
At the Isis Theatre, Sunday Nov* 15-
v ■* 8.45 p.m.   '
March—"Bruxelles  Exhibition"
--'  -•< J. Diamaele;
Waltz—"Blue Danube"
Jobanu Strauss
Overture-^'Llght Cavalry" . .
Ohaa. J. Roberts N*
Japanese Patrol with ■ National Air
MoaestTobanl
Vociil solo—<By Mr. G, H. 'Stevenson.-..
.Cranbrook, specially secured for the --*
occasion.
Selection—"Chocolate, Soldier"
.  -       0-acar Strauss'
Polka—"Pizzicato" Leo. Deltbea
Spanish Walts—"Belles of Seville'
J. -Botiereratt. Launtfe .
March—"A Frangesa"      Mario Oosta
"God Save the King"
Proceeds for Local Relief Committee
RETURN  THANKS
The Ladles Benevolent Society wish
to thank the officials and clerical staff
working at Coal Creek for -their donation of 154.00. Also the -baseball
teams, who donated $3.20.
J. H. Johnson, Sec.
CANADIAN COAL A COKE CO,,
Re KIPP  MINE
Ltd.
COMPLAINT  AS  TO  SCREENING
(Cuulliitirtl from I*tt«c Oue)
TO  CORRESPONDENTS
conditions iiiid become thoroughly disgusted  with
imt the land, but  the coiiditimis under which we I tin: owner might be <riven the option of reclaiming
propose lo put the people buck on lhe land. J lhe land provided he paid all taxes and reimbursed
"Hack to the land" is the only possible solution | fhe settler for his hi hors. This is not u revolntion-
to poverly, unemployment and the numerous other'ary measure, neither is it original, for a law vory
ills lhal beset society, for with the people on the similar lias been on the statute books of New Zea
land Ihey will be able to supply all their require
mciils.     A vory bold statement, you think?   Not
at all; a statement of fact.
Many will immediately remark thai we can't all
go on the land; to which we reply: "We shall not
all require lo go on the land. Those on the land
must produce for those off the bind, and those off
lhe land must nmniifatifaii-j^iuL-UiQ.*4iu^n^JipJajidJ-nTr.
land for some twenty years, we believe.
True, again. Ihis will not satisfy the immediate
requirements of the unemployed, but there are large
tracts of land in this province where the men eould
work all the year round, while the, government
would be advancing money (exactly as the government.1: of Xew Zealand and Australia have done)
The complaint arises under the fol-
lew ins circumstances.     In tho agreement relating to this mine It Is cles.'/'
from that document bh.it the miners
are to be paid on a "scre^ne.1 coal"
.basis. When the screen was first made
use of, it appears that the coal to be
ct'rceue.I had to pass through a chute
'leading- to the screen, and it was found
that owing to the angle ot the chute
and the screen, the coal passed over
the screen so rapidly and with such
fcrce as -.break up the coal, thus filling
the weidi-pan with a considerable am-
■jui.t ci' waste, which was not marketable'.     To obviate this loss to    the
companv, cleats were put in the chute
so as to retard the rapidity and force
of the passage of the coal Into the
weigh-pan,      There  is no  reason   in
our opinion why the company should
not make use of the cleats, particularly as they'have not altered the stand-
and gauge of the screen nor affected
iis operating in the same way as other
screens in other mines where screens
are used.
Our decision therefore is, .that the
, For the twentieth time we wish lo
Inform anonymous correspondents
thnt we consign their contributions to
Ohe wastepaper taisket. If they have
not sufficient faith In our integrity
to fa\ar us with their name and address, we ifor our tpart have not sufficient faith in the truth of thelrlasser-
tions to publish them. This Is not
to be' taken as an admission -that any
communication containing a name and
address will receive publication, hut
it is to state .positively that we will
not publish communications unless
they nre accompanied by the name
and address of sender.
TrrrrcmTYnnTe: OnFeTiiis ianenviis cieatfeflTFwmfltl
increase in value, and the government would, with
the settler, be reimbursed.
Two million dollars would keep <|iiite a respectable crowd of settlers on land for the winter, and
would certainly prove ti more profitable venture
than providing seed and relief for homesteaders on
Company have not violated the agree-,
ment by the action complained of.
1914.
Dmc
W. Roland Winter. Chairman,
W. F, tMcNell, (Conwnissloner
Western Coal Operators' Asso.
Coll. Hardie (witness)
BANKHEAD MINES
NEW WORK
.     .    .        . . The appllctlon for a scale of con-
land thai they eannot raise even a mortgage on. tract pr,ce„ ,8 ma(Je by the 0eneral
Then this is the solution: That a large propor- j Superintendent of the Company In pur-
tion of society must go back to lhe laud; tlmt theyjsuance of the .provisions under the
um*! own the bind and produce for consumption: head or ~Nw Work" 4n the agreement
,,,-..    „,' are to be GOVERNED   by   dating
flint il will not be sufficient if those who own the
machinery of mniiufai'ture nnd distribution do not
nlso produce for use and nol for profit—in short,
production mid distribution must be owned collectively and for lhe benefit of humanity, nnd not as
at present to enrich the few by the exploitation,of
lhe many, This is Socialism, but nothing less will
!»e permanently effwlive in curing lhe social evils
su painfully evident lodiiy. Hut. Mr. Header, do
not scoff or jeer too frequently nt the "Hack to the
Land" solution, for the land ix our heritage and we
mini t?et po«ise«sion of this to ninlsc u beginning.--
limit] end demonstrandum.
RUSSIA IS STILL RUSSIA
It is indeed *triitigc that he who luih beeu a very
vile creature in Ibo pa*t. charged witli committing
practically alt tile crimen iu the calendar Hhould,
iu a few brief months, have undergone a most remarkable eoiivcrxiou aud heeimie an cMimplar of ■ Gangway—
nil that it. noble and virluoii*.     ,\ plentiful plrtNtct*
I Her in the same mine or aaron other
mine In.the neighborhood. It aiijie&r*
that there are no mines of tho swine
character in the neighborhood to assist the committee ln coming to a
dodaton.
Tbo *eam most resembling Senm
No. 0000 Ih No. 0 Seam of tlio Hank-
head uM Inc. Under the clrcumslinces
the undersigned members of tlm committee have fixed the scale aniiuxed
hereto, ns most analogous lo tbe
jirlces prevailing In No. 0 Seam, but
itlildi ara generally higher than dlioie
j of tlmt or any other «enm in the neljrh-
liorhood.
Dated at Calgary, this .lift Odober,
mt.
W. Roland Winter, Chairman.
W. F. McNeil, Comntf»t*lon»r
Western Coil Operatort' Asso.
Dmc. Coll. Hardie (witness}
Speclflcatloae—Bankhead   Mines
Ne, 0000    m
Saturday matinee and evening, also
.Monday night, at the Orpheum, "European Armies in Action" will be
shown. Those pictures are uot "actual war pictures," but are two reels
of splendid pictures of the armies and
navies now 'battling tor world su-pre-
macy.
Don't forget the Mother's meeting
Wednesday, Xov. 18, from ii to 5 p.m.
Miss Lamont will tell mothers how to
take caro of children. There will
he good music provided as well as tea.
All mothers are welcome.
W. A. Oswald, assistant censor and
inspector of moving pictures for the
55125
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as .well.
With a policy In our old lino
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the onds of thu
earth and you know you're secure.   Tlie best In
FIRE INSURANCE
Is always cheapest and especially so when it doesn't cost
higher. Doa't de^ay about that
renewal or about that exttra insurance you want but -come right
in tt-t once and have it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK, IX ' FERNIE, B. C
Sounds simple, doesn't it; and j'ou heard it so
often. But ask yourself: What arc the first requirements of the people1 out of employment today?
Work?   No!      Food!      "Ah!" exclaims our op-
ponont, ''wc always knew the Socialists did not
want work!"    And before we venture nny further
it is ju*t as well tn assure him that we do not love
work, and if we could live without work—i.e.. on
fill dividends—we would nol work.
Foot! is the first ref|iiiremei)f of the unemployed
today, but to get thnt food they know they must
work.     The earth brings forth "just so much but
no more: nature in her bounty will give, and irive
generously, but man must do his share.
This, however, does not answer the question:
''How will 'back to tlio land' prevent unmuploy-
uient and avert povertyf" Simply by permitting
the individual to provide for his own requirouieutK,
Man must produce for consumption lind not to lay
up .surplus product that may be used to extort pro.
fit. If we bail but one-third ul' the people of U.i,«
Dominion on their own fiiruiR today we should u<t
Iihu* any uimiiiployniciit (<» content wilh. Hut ve
bave no? one !bird of the people on their nvu
fariiiH, and we liave unemployment.
I can readily understand tbat many will huttw*
'Itately ixk* exception to thin ataUinent. and wi!!
remind ine that tbe government hit* been eompej|.
nl to jp lo ibe ilKslMaitct! of i lu« fiiim-rs iu Soul Wn
Alberta and has upenl something I'kf two million
dollars in ri'liof, Tliis is quite irue. and when we
let-nil norue of tlio "farm hinds" we have seen soldi
Uy the vnri-iui«i land wpivut-.t'.,.',-.*, '/;*■ ij\\A; vi uijiUr'
fbat Ibe government does not biive lo spend tin,-*
"will! wl' will Ml'von the great secret, "Ita.* 1J "* foH,,^1:   . ,f ,"1'* "°,l .wi,h "" ,M'\ •*,!!WJ "*•*** *?**? "J** ^^ "H^ mSSSS. TttTihe'ttZ wn,
,    ,     .„    ...     ,   '   ,, ... .   . , (therefore MV condemn bim without the nitghti^t jot Utte-xi »an». \-m\a
tile land      Wl     xolve nil olll- >IU—provided  We uref «...        ... ., , .   Caumfr t\*t*m*m**t-- i
A,        ,      *.,,      .        ...       1    ,i ;lie*ita»ion but ... if beV wild ils then we ought' cwiiwtf ©Mfway— j ,.    ,.„. „.
twuk  under diff-eiviit  condition* to Uiom» at  \m>* ,. ,       ....    , .    ...   ,       n \ : IH t**t  wbt»\ imiiii*   limber aint
•»      .    •ni      i       r    vi..- .- *l*     ..   *". .    lo **"v*' "H" " ,'»''rt" "'•• '" »*"«lth for Mil Ills pre-..  . .      - M,ft        „     ,      .
•ii'tir urcvading!   The wire of solving the question '      * . 4 „   1, flieltht or warn, |*J^« i»#r Haw )aril.
Mm*, past and even Ins futiin* iiiMoiitg^     Tli.»i|np|tt<„nt „,„,„ nm,w ,tnt4 j   sotembtr :t)t, thn ttxtnm non ot Mr.
Hcein* to be the ipirit of ninny writer* wlnn din 'chuttt— Unit Mr*. M. A. Kauacr.     J-'anursilj
UMwwa Main and Counter liana hook jilar* on Vovrmhcr Mh. Her. Ill
£«*Si!L^!E3LyilUJ*Ufc^^
the city Tuesday. Two of the picture
houses were found O.K., while' the
third, will, With a few modifications,
be brought up' to a Uke standard.
Jamte Pasta appeared before iHs
Honor Judge Thompson Wednesday
at the regular November session of
the County Court In answer to the
serious charge of living wholly or in
part off the proceeds of •prostitution,
There were tlve counts in the accusation, but as the evidence adduced on
bebalf of the crown was Insufficient
to convict on any me of these counts,
accused was discharged.
Two hundred and thirty aliens have
reported to the Provincial Police during the month of October, lu accordance .with the regulations of the mllltla authorities. Corbin leads with
90. Fernie 0«, Canal Plats. 48, and
Coal Creek 33.
Four members of1 a chlvare party
from Coat Creek appeared bofore Stlp.
endlnry Magistrate Stalker on Wednesday afternoon In answer to a
<harxe of creating a d1*tttrt>anc», The
party got possession of a keg of tub*
rlcatlon and proceeded to consume
contents. iTje kee wo*v eventually
depoilted In the Super's office, and a
very heated debate must have ensued
as to possesion. The «rfiim#nts resulted tn a general disarrangement ot
fixtures and furniture, -which Uie.of.
HInrle fhn!i»»r tamrM. S feet, tilrli. 12
flee employees discovered upon their
arrival o« Monday morning. A minimum fine of !.'• snd conn* wat imposed, but one of the defendants determined '.u *lu_l u *iilU-*ml*i aliunde and
iKJcV-SIclISJ.^^
Established April 1899
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail    Tob&CCOntSt
m
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's leading" Picture Theatre
FIRST IN EVERYTHING  WORTH  WHILE
FRIDAY NOV. 14th
LUCILLE LOVE,
The Girl of Mystery
■tfttll N«.   11
A great travaiogne series,   famous people and placet you read
about tn ntm,
jiutr of whiti'ivnftti in lifititr fiimahwl by tlioxe hi-!,|*L*w* "''T1 I*1*"' /,,*!',d!l,i ^**(f t0 m ,h<, ""•• Vietenlm to
t   • ■    .!»•».■              i                 i iUmbering, htmWng   ot   ronl, dinging «, »0 un    Onme tour boin, nnJl ^mu
divtiliniU fl'iiiw line of action way be hiiiiiiimmI ui»f,.,,„,, *.vifW „»„!,, rnt.k nr „,,..„, tn«*° 7 '*"■   X™(" 'mr R0,n and *u^
*.   - ' ''«"«•• *-*"* mr*' "** or nm t0!|W n theety hotel .however, produc
DIEU
of poverty by <iilliv«tiiitf the land i* a* old as the
liitnl Itwlf. no doidit. but tiV worth very litte -»>-
lo«if m ytnt »»X|w*«»t men to «o back under our f»r««-
•Wit   ••MfnlffirUW. To   »'ll   M   lil*0   fl   >«totle   q||Jtm
and *%tm*t Him to |»»y *W* iw«r ner*. buy imi- binery
an4 *"ii*u. \i:«r*t\*i. fop *|.,.-. ,-itn •!-• 'AX 'y X" i*, nut
xetuVtntt *h'*n "l»*eU to Ih* land," T«> «n-SI .« oom
kml at -ffuhmwe**! value in a diMriet n* dry «*
i-utumii U»%m.     If we nre lo neeejil llie iliHimi off    (»*»twc*» Mslw and Counter (Inn*   took ptsre on Xovember
...... «.m«i wntri'Ue...avexi.eettoM, - him-jmm1.w »f| *">•••   ,rt ^  *w»- ™* *'«  "f*«- V«loy ottleMlow*
...   A       ., .    *   * .   ,». mt'^it*. ixtHt per lw~»i yard. lnt'|.i*li«g*   .\'o-x>nvb«-r ith. Frank J
-'"" "r "w * <-*u'rt I«|"» (*tmr !« ,hr m*T! «!»**rt«i. i-IMIn, or d,«e. bnliU*, mewh,. r«nerai tromfi
f.eeiit wltertt-!/ro-.vnie retfjon hi Kiberia where ibe-,,..^.,.,,;,^, M,4 i^yj, «,; *b**i ItMfc. Xwwrtw III*.
John, aged It:
ntctlsli rhiireh
iiHidit.ofH < »iii»r»Hiitf fo lihlm writer* :.»■•* very sm'.i■■' •rfssts—
»lar io i»mh.. t bnt atv foim.1 in \S'mlern »mtario.   If   < *«» »»«*».    » ten mtt* tn Might {
ibi* niafeuierit w«•»*<« correet. tht-n truly
NOTICE  bn  tlOEWALKi  AND
cnowmt
|C»«l|<llt|-
liu-A itiiidt ioor«- manly and bow much ttrarvr to     Ufcim-en*
*.'.«j
.**J««U»W*»l,
fr.-V'tl '* rc.i .'i.ii tin   T
! IMI, at t.SCt #V)w* ttm-. at th* Ommm
nrea«li>.    I# feet tMe'rtl ChsmkiNr,. rttf 11*MI, Wfnli*r, BUT.,
#V(|     jjiv «f **nm.-H.m p*r Hw$! jrsrd lni>W-■
S»li«t«a aud exueet tutu to raiv w lieut U like tryiiuii'"" """""•"   """".' ''.""."" "."'*'   /.,.   ' M»r Timhertflf. IwtMtng of bratD'ii *a4 j . -
tit nk, n tntnl i». IMI j-deoibl be ,bo«.i to the *.jrneuliuralii.t of hiilwi:rtW(,   tsrfde^sy  nnd hying iftmt    Con«ruct«d Under lyiiw Ne, IM
Of tmttm. I will fffiHl ,m that ih* i^ni wbt^'r^!L iw ""* * *M " *T^ ^^^ * ^ "? ** W ** "**»*' ~
I* g**iii|i tttt tit*- t*t**t mttmmi *nt**t-m mut** i* j4«««i winij,,,
woMi fc* iu**x oinii. oi*i o-» it..' »»*» yoo m '|Ui-*u»ii*.
Whnt «lo yn» **P**1 tlu» v*»in*»i* mifiist-fr* of ,\*jrr: ?
eiiltwi* lo «lo. »»<*lh IfcMmnwHi nud I'ntvinrwi *
they d:.l IMr «!«* jr. or if they w«*r*» n»t
UlmlKM   .itMMMO-U, «itt ^«tt   1»»*   «»«.* f.      ,
tWr .fmy «» «•* *»»<* »h»mel.* mh'*nimvj .f|" '* not tnxhU* l« wiy m th* anything thnt miirhl i mim9mm \weteem tumomm torn emtm m ml*
"farm iitnd*" ir; a ttbtrirt that thev kiom oi,t. 1.M. •»«*f«*t«I »h«k |*wn lhal .-..ntrol th«« land of tfcv    f|i fttl,w»t tt.*: pet tlaeat nrtJont *htrh is br to* «nmt»W» by tb*
Wrf| in tmmt nmM for omimUnrol ^wwoi J'-r; n.irtur do w, intend ,„ *u\<*m )>*r ^yiiemmmm M«£ri»j  mmm ^
,tt fjn,i, fl   Vmn**. rt-itYithtit thnt *fo» i* ■*.»f«i»tlwf tit th'tn* m
by tbr Vliioii wi lout drwjitii-wl**—th*1 ii^lll.««li*>ti of
_ _     I,, ill'..- inAl, 'ii txtntU 'in to •**> .-    .\* an ally Unmxn hj Inside of tl»»er by brt«M af «•■». jfor Ibe mtpem at ikrnrtne «win»lalntt
V. Vi    i„,.l «>t material Iwtefit; with her iw.ller Interim Hv w«i««* P*r lf«e«t ynrd. Iiw-tttdtng iingtejugattiti the tm^pnsH atsessmenl or
io • ..*' hihi i ' .,   .       •.„„, 9.   .....  ,      ,       ,.*.•>.
' •      "* ~...   A__l       Klilm '■'   •■■-.■>.«   'V , .-'..■  -t -    if*-*.*      ***      ->*M*.«.»*a*   *«Mtl*
 *»-► "" 1.. .*     ,    ' ti.   ; ":._''' "V TIIILI .tl. JIT.i*'**** timet**** tmm mt§ any mber mmmm «bMi
■i.io   tbrotittb  **»*• i*"9*
nttatp fit* ffiff»w»n»f*- tbt*v ttilt itnpr^r-.r,
men who n»H« h««l enmt. Imt th^y h**»* wiukwl at
.be mie <»k  m*ir*« brio immh-t, and *."* r « mktt*tri f '-^»Ua»Uu*., ■** t*  ****
hrn met th*m nmtly lw« mWim thAht* «. Mr Jl'Iwrm hmtmtne a verify "
itUtrhfU itAtl thwn* tm~**>tti nt Ibi- t#i»*t i'tmmi* t    Tht-n- t* * imtxt-rl, xximh mm. "'Henilrli * ttu»-
«ion in CeltP-rj-    **• ««•»** *»•* «*»«l w*t |»»i il »|W.te| *w« oni\ y«n will find » tnrtnr"
' Tke eoet to be pit two ebm* tot
■ ti*,i nntl refuse to tw c*U^^.   Th*
ftrnt ti» bn toimwt If TwintT"!
Ill", ibto ith day
cwon
ttnt*A »t P-MBi.
of Merew*w. i?n
MTHi h M, XIIWFATT,    j
mt f»W
m thet. for %ts Wlt'-M. '*% * ^iVtu.-inu
I'-i'ltHH'l i-ImHW
tnnt* hex-* tokm %*%*<■"* «*?"''*',« i»»r, t'wt, ftardt* nrtt»f«*i
Tbe tbftf* j*fit<*t *'w* *■■-.<„****$ nt, the)   ■■ -~~ *~ ■- ■—-«»■—«.—*
wm b*t«f *»H t**t tn tw mid fer |w»- j IMKt—tbn «»*%.*t ;.fc. |jtb«r r*sy„ •
,-tmx%mi»t*\y, *%wyi \u %-nln HxtiM-iHott W-Hlrb. th>:n *n4 n*el. ,h«y
*it** Imnm.eitim w.:mi,\itm or mmm-
\V. Hatnnd Winter. Cbalrms* I *»* ttm* t* Mwt* tt. rxm*] <f»*#*, irfll
be ieie»B*1!kt,r .••(,»',-)
SPtCIAL SATURDAY-MATINEE and EVENING   ,
WAR PICTURES
From Thc Front
THt BATTLE Of LESiEKB-On llit Main Road to Anlwtrp.
Wetel* tbe Itlt Every Week fer Anni War N«w».
.««..««««■..»..... ...^.».. "^^^■^'l■"l^^l'*^^ln>^r^rtru^^r^nJVW^ll^vv.
MONDAY
Tiie Great Universal Mystery
Tb* nr**t*tt •ggr^pittot of mo* Ine  pkture ntntn ever eba»M in
©be pl<t«rf.  THINK OT IT! oxer tit «r }«wr eefeen favorites It Col.
o««al Corned j.
^»»*«»*»**«*M«■ ■ ««■■ Km . lit, m. m,9.,ml9^,9.nl9^^f^ytv^ns>JxriJljyilXfu
•FECIAL WIONISOAV nttO THUHIIOAY. ttmembm IMlMtlWi.
4^4.-1,0, uNbi  tM iik* faMom raman-re or OMetol WgabHwiMi Mfe
The Little Grey Lady
I Heelt-A drama :aM In the neirmplUm tx*^timme> ol tbe tfalbtf
ttetm TtnwHHf.
coniifo
The British Army and How it is
Hade and Used
foke* br mtboritr ef **b# Wer -Oems-riB nm bbon* by Roy«j Vtm*
mm~~t* ttmit,
OUT^r.THt^>IICHNARy PICT Ufltt AT THt Itlt
fllTOTIWi^idHflliMimwm *
I'
it
lit
tl
M,
il
*t
i
uy
it
,*
to
THE DISTRICT LgPGEB, PERNIE,   B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
♦ ♦
The   District
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES
Since our last issue the mines have
worK-ed -from 3 p.m. Thursday until
41 p.m. Friday.   No. 1 East, B North,
and No. 2 mine resumed work at &
p.m., -.Monday until 3 p.m. Tuesday.
In our report of the farewell dance
Ield up b-ere.last week we mentioned'
-Mr. H. Hefwitt as pianist.   We wish to
correct  thia and   state  that Arthur
nMorrisioa occupied the position.
Several young men have signed the
.roster of the 107th Batt.
■Hoai&h Hetwltt has departed for the
land oi the kangeroo—and strikes.
In spite of the secrecy attached to
the wedding of Syd, the coal oil orchestra turned up in Ml force to
meet the local flyer Wednesday and
gave a "notslcal" welcome to the.
newly-weds. The .band was persistent, and Syd came through. We congratulate tlie newly married couple
and .wish 'em all the good things of
married life.
Frank ■ Nee   is   home  again   from
hospital, and although having to use
crutches,   we  are  pleased  to  report
• that he is recovering rapidly.
Jimmy Yates, of Miohel, was in
camp Tuesday renewing acquaintances. Jimmy reports a good time with
the goatB. .
The Board, of Management of the
Clu'b are desirous of again providing the children of the camp -with a
Christmas tree as formerly. Anyone
desirous of contributing towards sime
is requested to give in their names
with amount to Secretary W. R. Puc-
liey.
The annual Christmas tournaments
at the Club are now progressing.
Splendid prizes offered for billiards,
pool, and the various card games.
Word .has been received in camp
that Corporal Kamshaw, who left this
camp with the second contingent, has
been chosen for active service, and
has left the main body at Victoria.
The Board of Management ot Coal
Creek Club invite offers from volunteers for essays, lectures, etc., for the
benefit of the .club members. Those
desirous of giving entertainments along these lines are requested to hand
In their names with subjects to the
secretary.
Navy."   Thursday, T,  choir practise, of ibeing called upon
Sunday, 2.30, Sunday school and iBible     At the regular meeting
Class.    Evening, 7.30, "Whence Came 	
They."     Tuesday 17th at. 8. p.m., the
monthly concert In, the «ihurch,
it was decided
-* -i w-wizm—
wgerH,   ui   CTOfSS-NEST
Pass Coal Co,, was in camp Tuesday.
Visions of brighter days arise with
the' report pt the contracts secureo
by the Coal Company,
The enow king has made his appearance around here.
Don't forget the HARD TBMB8
DANCE, November 23rd in the Victoria   Hall.  Ferule.   Tickets   $1,00.
There vyill tie a handsome prize for
the best representation of "Tired Tlm"
and "Weary Sue" at the Hard Times
Dance on the 23rd.
Don't forget the usual monthly concert to be held In the Methodist
church Tuesday next. Admission 10c.
Al! will assist kindly give their names
In to the Uev, Stoodley before Monday
' evening.
The relief committee have relieved
several cases of dire distress this
week.
The Wednesday evening talka by
the pastor of the Methodist Church
nre greatly appreciated.
Cbal Creek Methodist Church.—
Wednesday, 7.S6, "Krperlencet lit the
♦ -♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦••
♦ MICHEL NOTES
Th? thlro meeting ot the Michel-
Natal Relief Association was held in
the -Sample R-ron of the Great Northern Hotel last Sunday evening, and
was largely attended by representatives of tooth towns,     Mr. G. .Fisher
presided.     The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted.
The Investigating committee reported
relieving 23 families in distress.    The
finance committee   reported   having
raised through subscriptions, concerts
and  hard  times dances, about  $650,
and out of this eome $500 has, up to
date, been expended on relief.   As the
funds are getting very low, we earnestly   request  any  person   who  can
give anything to help this cause, to
send their donations to the secretary
treasurer, -Mr, J. Wagner, Natal, who
will give a  receipt for same, or to
hand their donations to Mr. Cunllffe
and ,Mr. Murphy, Michel;  or Messrs
Fraser and Read, Natal.    In due time
a list of all donations will be published.
Miss Paul, deaconess of the Methodist Church, has organized a ladles'
sewing class in collection with the
relief committee and at this time t'icy
are busy collecting and remodeling
clothes for the children. The .biggest
problem is to get boots for the youngsters to go to school In. »
The mines have only worked two
single shifts so far this month, and
this means a lot more distress to be
met In the very near future. Another
meeting will be held next Sunday
evening at 7..10 In the Great Northern
Hotel, when everybody Interested is
invited to attend,
♦ ■
♦ HILLCREST NOTES
A number of Hlllcrest,-boys have
been Initiated in the mytseries of Odd
Fellowship at Belleviie lately.
A good number attended the mas-
2633
sick
mine starts up again.
-The snooker tournament that haa
been running for some time in Graham's Pool Room, came to a close the
latter end of the week, Vincent Hilling, Joe Quintello, Pred iBeddiugton
and Walter Nelson taking the prizes
in the order named.
Mr. J. W. Bateman, widow of Joe
Bateman, who was fatally injured in
Carbondale mine, left Sunday night
for her old home in Thumscoe, Kng.
.Tom 'Merrican and Jack Lawrence
returned from Drumheller Sunday
morning and report nothing doinr.
Mr. J. Wilcocks, tbe manager of the
Co-operative Store, leaves Thusrday
for a two months' holiday in Wl-aulpeg
with his family.
The Literary club had au Interoat-
in**, mating on Monday evening -n
tiie International Church, when Dr.
l-'mwcett gave his experiences and '.repressions of life in Mexico. Several
artists contributed items to an Inter
esting program. A committee was appointed to arrange program for^Npv,.
30th. \ |&f'
On Sunday morning two girls found
a man lying -by, the roadside two jnileB'
west of Coleman.    He must havejibeen',
dead some time, aud a razor lyinis by
>liis  side,  and   an   ugly   gash   in   his
throat,   showed   by   what   means   he
had met his death.   There was nothing by which he -could be identified,
further than  that he had  spent  Friday night with a rancher a few miles
further west, mentioning to him that
lie had come from the west.     Follow
ing  Is  a   description    of    deceased:
height, 5 ft. Slnches; weight, 140 lbs.;
chest,   1111/-::   eyes,   blue;   good- teeth
(protruding);  hair, brown and wavy;
long, liook nose;  long features;   thin
face; was .wearing when found, brown
coat,  pants grey  striped;   black  cap
with   fur  ear  flaps;     grey   sweater;
j boots, size 7; carrying one pair grey
■ and one pair green blankets.     Anyone Identifying from description might
communicate  with   Police    Barracks,
Coleman, Alta.
'Mr and 'Mrs. Louden left on Saturday en route for Scotland.
An interesting   presentation    took
place afte-r lodge 'business of Sentinel
$exi cent of the work iby letting them  from the various cities.     The confer-1    John Ameer—3 doz. pair socks,
of   Local  "cross   shift" ..each  other  and work   ence was called by the Alberta Fed- ,   'Miss Williams—2 pair wristlets.
to suspend the  week about,    The committee were in- eratlon of Labor.     A full report of     Mrs. Donaldson—1 belt, l pair knee-
and  accident society  until  the stmcted to call a special meeting on  this conference will be found in our caps.
„ „„ —<_ thejr re-turn.     They .further reported  columns this .week. IMrs. Clift—1 belt.
having been to look over    a    place     ;Mike Olashaski, o'f Cardston, a home      Nurses—4 pair wristlets,
where tbe brothers affected tad claim- steader,  but formerly a .mineworker     Leo Ping—16 pair socks,
ed the minimum wage, and stated that at Lethbridge, died Thursday, Nov. 5.     Sing Ching—J 2 pair socks,
they found no abnormalities to exist,  The interment took place at Stafford-     Wong Ying—12 pair socksi
but that they had spent a large por-   vllle,   Rev. iMlnnlwegan    -officiating.      "Boe"—S pair socks,
tion of their time '^bucking coal," a  The miners band turned out and paid     Miss Celelia Shulacka—1 pair wrist-
condition which   the  Looal -has  for their last respects to the departed-     leu.
years endeavored to educate its mem .Mrs. Ramsay—2 pair socks,
bers against. ♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦      Mrs  Gould__j ^ soclcS) 2 caps.
New 'business brought forth the fact  -**+ TABER ♦     Mrs. Whimster—1 cap, 1 belt,
that one of our members -was fiiian- -*>* *--+<     .Wool donated:
cially embarrassed, and as the proposl-  + +.+■ + + + + + + + + + +     Mrs. Corsan and Mrs. Cummings.
tion .was a business one, the executive      \yorklnK  conditions  have   not  im-     Donations to Mrs. J. J. Wood for
was empowered to negotiate. proved any f,nce ,ast report      Two  wool:
■Bros. -McLeod and Vihanti .were ap-  days ln anv one W6ek WBWS t0 be     iMr.  Bleasdell,  Mr.  Dukelow,  "The
pointed   as   an   examining commltteo the ]imlt at\he Canada West Palm." Mr. Ingram, How Foon. N. H.
which concluded a profitable meeting.     superior Mine has been idle the last Montgomery, Mr. Fernanals, Mrs. Jen-
A. J. Carter, was In town last week   couple of dayg owJng {Q a breakdown nlngs, Mr. Ambrose, Mr. .Miller, Mr.
e&d" of the compressor. Berrlgan, A Friend, Mr. H. Liphardt,
The mine worked   lour   days   last      U1„y   UcCr€.a hus quH j,ls Job wl Mr. Bach wig. Mr. Gates, A Friend.
week- Superior Mines, and gone to Calgary     Mrs. J- J. Wood will be pleased to
The committee gathered up service   to offer hls serv)ces t0 his Klng and  teach any one desiring to learn knit-
able clothing for the Belgian refugees   coimtry ting on Wednesday evenings from 7
The Bellevue-Basket Ball team visit-      T.we^v.flve recrult.s is lhe number  to 10 o'clock,
ed Frank nnd were successful in de   .asl£ed fof tfQm Tal)er for the MCOnd      The Daughters of the Empire Have
^atnigUie.team of that town..      „     contingent.      So    far    about  twentv  Passed  us several   Interesting letters
'Suift^ty   ia*|a»etng: recognized aa   ]lRiVe hauded ln thelr naraes in connection with their work, and we
Temipe^nce Slfetiiny throughout Cljrttf ,fhe regu)ar meeting of the Town ''egret that we aro unable to repro-
: endom, the ttfc,V. T. Cook' nrenOtf Counci, wag heW on Tuesdav llight> diice same this week on account of
toon tho.suMftct.., The rev. gen-lto The ,.outlne busineBS was gone through extra work and pressure on space.
-oftttMMll-MlthB-niMeet very credit- aft€r whlch thft question of h0]d|ng a Next week we hope to publish these,
ably, but like all "reformers",was com triot|c meeting ,vas dlscussed. Some It ts impossible to do otherwise tban
pelled to use the usual stock argn- imufoQVS a, the couuell( and some admire the enthusiasm and sincerity
menu of the capitalist class. He con- j eMxeait wnnted t0 organ,ze a Patrlo- displayed hy these ladles in their ef-
eluded .by stating that the people ol Uc Fuild as „a8 beeJl done lu olher forts to provide for the comforts of
Alberta would have    an    opportunity | t&wng    ,fhe mavor as his     ,n.  the soldiers, and we wish them every
next June, when a plebiscite would be|1(m Ulat fim., c0„ecte(, shouk, boj success,
taken on the question.     If the stato  use(, for ]ocal re        as ^ ,were a-
goes dry, according to the calculations  ^^ Q, ,n t(jwa who W(jre ,„
oi most reformers there will be an un- ,,ad cir,iuustam.es. lt wa8 RuMy
precedents wave of prosperity | decWed Uy ^ a meeU for Momla>.
throughout  the  whole province.   Thej^ tQ be he)d ,n th(J Colinc„ ChBm.
ber.
1914:
Receipts
Sale of tickeU City and district*447.50
Sale of tickets at door     40.40
Cash received at door     17.00
By sale of Cake      9.70
Total $514.60
Disbur«emetns
Postage and stationery %   1.00
Removing extra chairs        3.00
•Mrs. V. Ely, washing dishes ..     5.00
Ladies Benevolent Society for
-broken   dishes       .      1.90
Trites-Wood Co, supplies       2.55
Local (Branch Imperial Daughters of Empire    50.00
Local Branch Canadian Patriotic Fund     451.15
Total $514.60
Secretary of Dance Committee,
GEO. O'BRIEN.
ft&
PATRIOTIC   BALL—STATEMENT
^i«-eFaw^^sif--m~«Bnevue"TnrTMOiiaay
last and report a fine time.
John Hinds left on a long visit to
the old country .Monday. We wish
him a safe voyage.
At our regular meeting Sunday, Nov,
1st, the secretary pro tem. was requested to post notices calling for an
election . for local secretary-treasurer
at next regular meeting. At the election on Nov. 8th, Mack Stlgler was
elected by a large majority.
I_r.A^i^ «1»
♦ COLEMAN NOTE8 ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«►♦♦♦♦
Born—Friday, 6th November, io Mr.
and Mra. Wm. Cowan, a daughter.
Mother and child doing nel I.
William and Alfred Ashman, who
volunteered for the war sometime ago,
seems to Imve got impatient witn the
delay at not being called up, consequently they have left for their old
homes In Bristol, England, where they
think thry will titnnd a better rlianco
T. W. DAVIES
Funeral  Director
•nd    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN    "■""■WW?,4i    ALBERTA
w-nisw—so—Kr-rmrTPneH SrorTTTosT
Lloyd was presented with a .past chancellors Jewel. Bro. J. -McKlnnon,
C.C„ made the presentation.
Joe Thomson left -Wednesday for
Drumheller, where he has accepted
the position of fire boss.
Corporal Grant and Constable Pope
arrested three Turks, who were going
around the town Tuesday collecting
for some Greek Church or hospital.
They will be held as prisoners of war
und were shipped to Macleod.
Mr. Andrews, electrician at the Carbondale Mine, has Bevered his connection and leaves shortly for the old
country. Mr, Lane has taken the
vacated position.
♦ BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
♦■  '' ♦
The regular meeting of Local 431
convened as usual wUh th© "president
In tin; chair, supported by- a large
crowd. Correspondence was received
from Hadnot ft '.Tone* replying to a
query of onra, and this reply .Iif tlio
firm was deemed satisfactory. A
communication was nlso received from
President Phllllpx, enclosing recent
findings of Independent chairman (see
"Recent findings by Independent
Chairman" page 11 which affected the
entire membership of District 18 end
1,-xkbI 431 In -particular. The circular
was accepted, and the secretary In-
ntnii'ted to write Prcildeiit Phillip*
for further particulars, and suggest-
j lug that lie might imy us a visit, this!
arguments of some preachers and poli-
tians are strangely akin. The only
thing that worries us is what has happened in the states tha.t have been
"dry" for years and have now
to go "wet." Either the
these states
or tbey
ers" had .been away off their base.
A meeting wns held in the vacant
store to discuss the formation of a
hockey dub.
The management of the Lyric
Theatre -pulled off a successful mas-
j     Following is  :i  financial  statement
i showing   receipts   and   disbursements
for Patriotic Dunce held  October
decided
people    of
are very unappreciativo
have found that the "reform
■nuBrane~OTr15n_Monday night. The
following were among the prize-winners: iMlss N. Mitchell, 'Miss E. Kldd,
Mr. G. Welberg, .Mr. J. Metcalf. The
Bellovue Orchestra provided the muslo
and the Judges were J. Burke, Oorpl
Meade nnd Mr. Osborne.
The interior of the Me>thodlsi
Church presents a very pleasing ap
pearaince since being renovated. Wei
don Bros, were responsible.
♦    PA88BURO ANO VICINITY   ♦
The mining industry here has nol
Improved any, with the exception ol
No. 4 Seam operated l>y the l^eltch
Coal Co., which lt has been decided to
work,
J, T. Stirling, chief Inspector ol
mines, wns here Friday last for the
purpose of Investigating an. necident
which occurred here on 22nd ult, when
ti miner wan "blown almost to eternity
tliroimh a misunderstanding between
lilm and the fire boss.
We are pleased to report that I
Nnso, the miner who met witli a serious accident on the 32nd ult., is now
out of lioHpltnl and Improving a* well
as can be exqiected.
At a regular meeting of Pa**l>iin*i
Local Union, held ln 81avok Hall.
.Monday night, it was decided to appeal tn the Dlntrict and International
and iil«o to »ln» Provincial government.,
tor reMef 'Wkifc ibe coming wtot#rj
awing »o the tnet thai *tttfc Wrnot be
«Vw' >M '\\* ''; i'iaLw* -.to. ttlUMU-t
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦.:♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ BEAVER  MINES ♦
■+• ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The mine here only worked one day
last week—Saturday—but as it .worked today (Tuesday) we hope to go one
better this week.
Perhaps the best barometer of trade
(or at least of the weight of the pay-
Bronchial
Coughs
The prostrating:
cough tears down
your strength.
The clogged air-tubes directly affect your lungs and speedily lead to
pleurisy, pneumonia, consumption.
SCOTT'S EMULSION overcomes
bronchitis in an easy, natural way.
Its curative OIL-FOOD soothes the
inflamed membranes, relieves the
cold tliat causes the trouble,
and every drop helps to
Vtrcngthen yeur lungs.    ,
All Drugaiat. Hav It
U-44'     REFUSE SUBSTITUTES
gGaOEEEEl ■ f   I V\m IIUIilI'lSI
being considered the most s»tWft«on'jIBS2J>r *»*^rtH* torn***".
TolITrs~theTocaTsaloon. Now, as the
barometer has read "depression," the
captain in charge ot the boat has
thrpwn his mate (tbe genial mixologist "Jake") overboard, but as the
•boat .was still top heavy, some of the
female help had to be dispensed with,
.lake, being ix keen sportsman, ls taking revenge out ou tbe game.
The dance at the Pioneer Hall on
Friday night was voted a success. Mr.
Uldage and ..Miss D. Slcotte supplied
the music.
Bert Beaslcy, wlio has been employed as dumpman at the boilers for some
mouths past, pulled out last week. It
was Bert's intention to serve his King
and country, but as he was a benedict
nnd t'i" supply of single men Is more
than equal to the demand, there was
nothing doing.
I»ete Ufbas got the Job of dumping.
Pete the Packer wishes to apologize
to his friend Mike for having missed
the mall this week, but wishes to assure him tltut lt will Uu in ijooii time
for next week's ledger.
HELPING OUR SOLDIERS
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
EULmJCULl&r
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OltT> COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
cap, 1  pair
agists
No  Matter   How Well
You Peel
Your epiMtite is bound to feel llie need of aoniethiiitr ex-
«-»")ttK»n«ll,v Innty nml food itt thin pnrtletthtr tcanoti, and
Hfiner *««ri»fnl nhmtt tl»» titfnf j'oit fiutey f* nn Importnnf, factor. *■»    * *"
Qovernment Inspected
Meats!
h»«T»t trmb *mt el«n nnttl mnm\ on the table in something
yon okovM imlit on, I)nn't think that h-teaine we irive you
biffh fWile meat thnt nur price* ore high.
course for him to pursue. We will
nnniirn him that a nood attendance will
he present.
Heporu of Committees—Tho Mt
Committee reported having b-wn In
conference with Colin McUod, company solicitor, and Mr. Ostliind, our
solicitor, nntl that some nu fit Ion* or
oompeiisstlon hsd been satisfactorily
s-etttad, with one exception, nnt ttil'
<*»•» hss been turned ovor to the
District olflctals. Th** <»inmltu»» ,il»«
reporl-wl bivltin Ann* «ofts'.i!':.'tt»ivV
i,t»le buslneta with th» "tiiwrtii!*1.rl-r-.it
and hi* fHitKirdinstet, chief ol »hli h
tint the tmt* stfeetlnn two earpentern,
*ho It ■*** flftfmed hnd ti<-i«n dtinil-it*
{•4 m IfMmiiwt tip ehrirsoH.   Ttn« c««-f» f rfuf
ongst the workers fn thi» ramp,   Two
miners were given twenty-five pound*
of flour and on* pound of butter about
eight tlmn ago and st the same time
Informod that their credit wa* iU»!»p«],
We fully ■kwII*.*' that no storekeeper
Is In a position io mniply the unemployed with this utti%Muirl<<* ttt HI* un
less imyim-iit i* elien, for thi* s»or«
kenjiei's in ihi* io«h »r«« onlv worklnir
men tbnnmrixrn.    The portion that t
(-oitfrontN nwxf of ftii* men ln«r»> 1m: !
Hurt'* or Hrwak the law* and re-reive |
t'-'t 'iln* hotiiildlity nt n
union.
The following are tho donations received:
.Mrs.  Henderson-:  night shirts,
Thomas Stevenson—M pillow cases.
Mrs. Woodhotise—-Mltchlng 2 nightshirts.
Mrs.  T.  it,  Wallace—I
wristlets,
"Ullfts  Plrle, „frows Xest   i biilU. ."
pair socks.
Mrs. J. .1. Wootl—I belt.
Mrtt. Diithlf   2 pair novb*.
.  Mm. ll. W. H"uiiil--l pair *rlmletN,
Ml»» llrawn    I pair wristlet*.
"fSinger"-  H p.i'i' nock*.
^Irn. W. H, Wilton—l»ii do*,
tiel band*, t cap)*, I pair sock*, ;
wristlets.
iMiun Hogan   I   pair wrl*ll«t»,
Mt»s I»ltt«--1 pair »ri»illpt(<
.Mrs, I tunnel'   I pair «rli»tl»*t»
Ktlii'l   Ttn-klir    I    i.itl-r
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass .s
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your hous* from cellar to giirret and at bottom prices, Cnll, write, phone or wire. All orders given
prompt attention.
If you irs MtiafiM- »•» -•••—    If not satlsflsd, tsll us.
you art satisfied, tsll others.
Coleman
Alberta
flan-;
IM
He
UU
tvrt.--.t-t
!
•KHJAMTY OUR HOBBY"
The 41 Market Co.
gowrw.-rs* ItihU-
W* do not  »*jisil clwrliy  If
we cjiii ht* g!v<*n work,  uul wr moitt
cuipliatk-alt)  maintain tlmt It it the
.....v of th# »oviH'n,w#flt to. «»itt«' to our
was e»eiilpally smlmbly settled and{nnnintnme at once.
th* am** t.99**,-.. ,;.. Aimtt „Mttt
ttnndsv. 1» h-Mti* m«>1"»"«,l(-;ti(,l t1i;.i tm, i
of their worlt wonltt be wntrtii t work,
Mr*
Mist-
Mr*
MU-
'A.t'U.
i,itm>*-~l pair wrii
V)**.!)       I    >)«|l
V«»ll«ii.|   -t   b*.|f
,\iifu - i  »,.*ji,
Mrs. Hiti Wh!«tl-t>~*-2 p*ir «n*il..t*.
Mrn   Ci-wMlr*.--'A (Mir «fm
Miss Kdllh tUmlliv    | rwfr *rli»il»"i«
Mr*, 8*.iH)!i    I twit.
n + + *. *. + o- * o o
LtTMlHIOOI NOTIt
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
iiiincs ni" mill  rtii»»li.*t  fnirh
h«*>im« «om«nt uve -dsys Isif
•nit  Ihst they  will  bnte to lend r
*M»Rg with others, and should their
lender lit m*|»*I fo thit ot other*, tht»y |    Tin-
arttl r***ti-t< »♦"• ."-"."'"','.,* . mmu
The next «»Utr of iasponsn-re m»*-*-t*ett.
th<> rteent. decision ot tlw ntsnsgement i M'mi.v men sre nrrltlns in ramp
ihst tlie msilmnin sllowsnre of i»w-; »»**kliig *tHpl-n>»t«>nr, nnd their rondl
tor (JUoaoMi to ony one mt* was • \iiott. tipon smval, Is ccrtslnt* de*p*»r«
pound. After some dlscgsslon It mm I me, bnrtnt iwrr^t with
■grted to eeeA IA* pit <ommltn^ iAm e*t bw*
l\i*irm<,r* nrttore lakln* nny other *h* •
nail* stsnd Chir Tlirti ibt-n- )•> "- '
ps»i tmtettmn f»lrly nntir*ntnl. *nlu:.-j
the (teneral Mansger hss exvr*'***'->
Ike wtofc llist «-# t.omnit bim b«t<   •
Xtatt     f*i-.9„l,.r,
Mr*  Mftttdi*
Mr», H)wffit»i»>
leu.
•Mrs i*titt.ii«*>},
let*.
Mr*   V   v  •*■•
Mr*. 'flsiMx'r   :
i
t *«*.«■» *tt*tt i .-,.,       *
'.'. tir>1t-< ? p«|r *%r\*t *1
\
*     i twli, pair wri»?.(
F. M. THOMPSON GO.
Phone 25
"The Quality Store"
Blairmore, Alta,
..I,.
Mil,
♦    \*f*l
1 cap
•I. Mirson.
l-X/f-ij-  tt)   -, •
Ft-rtii*.
I,   Moore.
every rent*'
llosr-t M#»hw»r, Wt last;
'<' U'l    .J     LvJailol     -JiUli.il^     .,» ,
tettrtnry  of  1jm-*\  ?»Tt."
wt toh*An..ty.*^.r'i: -—l»*"*™»imnt** M**nr tlnnlw- n* n AetrX
were mil ^,^^ ^ «•■*«**««•» *«»» 1-etJihrtdg*
were also in-umetm ia w im.
thmetot Mang«*r
»o«hl r*v%r,t
» »• turn m ninth »»«
to tbt* confer-j
t'-fUam* ht-W % Cnltiiry txtlh r#-i»re**!it*-,
tfirlitatt-t rrr*m *tit* F*."f'*nf u;i. f I'.-V- AAA,,
' U^*t-ni«ii*n<*» aad mnn-klfMl delegate
i
A tM*>nd- t W.t. I |«s*ir «rts;le«».
Mm. T. Hro«»   i Mt,
Mrs.  Ikick    I   Jtelr,
Miss MeRiir>    !  x»\r wrtstleit
Mis* Vorann    !    ;«:»   wristlets.
Mm. Trtt*** i
Wr». mm*nrt
Utfn, Wtltaon
U'*m Rina tx
Mtn. ttttglt**'*'-
\non}m«>u»   '
J»e AlHIo   .
K«ltM.rt   i*r«»*
l»le flr*«*
I
;; Jii-!lf
!   pair wristl#t*.
■:* - >••   *1   atittltA-.
• '..-iin,
•t'i. i \,:*ir wrUtiet*.
*'*   p-*lt   MKlt»*.
*  -*«»'ii   $M»r (wvg*
i Am. pair soeles,
leckio Mine Shoes, Invictm. RcohI imt) K M»ke
Pino Shoes.
Call and inspect our complete line of Felt, Leather
and Carpet Slippers for men, women and children.
Child i heavy Felt, leather sole, ankle strap Slippers
(rom .35 pair
II*.«, •• j *tit\ -viiaiice to get a oargain    We art of ter.
»u» m wige siuprmiiit ol Travellen  Samplen at
Factory cost. Thtit include:
Ladies' WaUU from 60 to $300
Ladles' and Children's Coati and RwMtm   A'H.
tion Capt, and other wool goods
Our Orocerjr Department ii complete with tht choi•>
ttt quality gooda
APPLES IN B0X1S    tl 35 and $1 <5
CImi e Ontario Applw, . .,, 16.50 per harwl
Try r, rack of onr W)f.!> SBAt FtOCE, $3.C1.
Oali m ui for Feed Staffs, Wheat, Shorti, Bran,
0.:t* and Orathtd Barley.
ItrMrMBEE OUE 5 p c DISCOUNT FOR <!Af ft
Tho Storo That SAVKS You Monoy
Ais>
m
m PAGE SIX
THS DISTMCT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER-14, 1914
itt"
I,1.
nf -
f Local Mon Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
ISlr
iRsyL-jjiM'te-yg^zzM1^^^^^
GLADSTONE LOCAL
1 No. 2314
Jl .'vt first and third I-i-Idajs,
Mir.ers' Hall, Fernie: s-vc-jiul and
for.r^li Fridays. Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit atlachcd.—T.
Uphill, Sec. 1-Yrnie, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
•   Sleet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   .'   o'clock   lu   Cruitaii's   Hall.
Sick   Benefit  Socloty, attached.—
R.  Beard,  secretory.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet overy alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. tn the * Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of eacli month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak HaU. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G, Harries,
Sec, 1'i'.-s*.burg, AHa.
Firing
1
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every .Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael Warren, Sec. Can-
nore. Alta.
BURMIS LOCAL,
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Suiulav of each itionlli at 10 a.m.
i.i School Ilous-e. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries'; Sec,
l-'a-^sljurs, Alta.
i MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
! No. 2829'
Meet every first and third Sun-
i day of -*■-.•'.■■ month at 10 a.m. ln
I Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No SSi-.sk
! Soelelv.—Tlio*. <"*. Harries, Pec,
.   l's.KsljurB, Alt.-..
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Mi-it s.cf.ud and fourth Sunday
ln monlli.   Sick and Bcn'-fit Soci- i
ety attached—Thus. Thompson. |
CARBONDALE  LOCAt
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
t'.no    p.m.    in    (in-    Opera    House,
Coleman.—I.   Mitchell.   *-c.   Box
lfto, Culo-niaii.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
.Meet -every Tues-day evening at
7  o'clock  in  "»■•  Ilanklit-ud  Hall.
Sick  and  Accident   Binel'it  Fund
attaelu'd.—l'-.auk   Wheatley,  Fin.
* f'-c,  Kaukliciid   Alia.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Me.-l .very Wednesday evening
at 7.:'.o In Miners' Halt, 12th Avenue North.—1., Moure, Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
£
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Mc-vt ..-very Friday evening- at
".SO in Mii.eis' Hall. Sick and
Accident Ceiiullt Society attached.— Frank Bariir.shain, Sec, Bon
1'.2. Coalhurst r. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Sleet every first and third Sunday nt Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
f.oughran. Sec.
Meet
In tiie
Burke,'
Altn.
■very Sunday at 2.:>0 p.m.
Socialist Hall.— James
Sec,    Box    SC,    Bellevue,
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock   in   the  Club   Hall.     Sick
Benefit   Society     attached.—It.
Garbtitt,  sec,  Corbin,  B.C.
GEORGETOWN  LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.::0. at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Side and
Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan,, Secretary.
BttromwBBEmBftaftgmffl^^
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
-»
will give you a new Isase of life, or to those whose time Is limited, take quickest route eu&t or west, via the Gre.it Northern
Railway *Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
20 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East *& West
Yo'.i will enjoy all the comfort of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous* and efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant. ■ ■ „    '
Before purchasing steamship
tirkeJs. let us talk It over.
F.r further information apply to
J.A. MANN, Agent
&&&5Z*g£f±-99r,*>V:
/J.
■•:A.x--x^m
-J
aa
v
-fiPiWimti mw^p. .
VI >-  ill    '', - ', -   fV'/iV
■*»■ \   '      -    X,*.riX'< In)
ij,      \   ,--'-4*^,v*. lU'-ij
The .folio-wing answer was given, in
reply to tha question. What are the
various regulations as to shot-firing
and the treatment of explosives underground?
>• o explosive fcl'.all be stored underground, 'nit shall be stored in a suit.-
r.ble place- provided at the surface by
the management.     All explosives in-'
tended to-.be used underground .shall be
in the form c-i cartridges, anil shall not
he taken into ihe mine unless in a secure  case,  and   not  containing  more
t!:an five pounds, and not more than
c;:e such case in any place at oue time.
!f any explosive .be in the .possession of
a workman at the end of his shift he
.il bring it out of the mine with him,
j and return it to the place of storage,
! or personally hand it over to tho -work-
j man succeeding lilm.     The diameter
I o. ti-.e cartridges to be set out in -the
j Act, and the sho-t-hcle .must allow at
I lensi on-e-e'sht'i iA an inch clearance
I over and above  the diameter of thc
ciirtnldge.   Proper warming puns must
be provided and used, when necessary,
iu  the case cf explosives containing
nliro-glycorlne   being   used.    Detonators must not be taken into or used
in the mine except by m\ authorized
:>er*>on   appointed   iu   writing by  the
iTianagei, and umsi be kept inn securely locked 'box until about to be used,
except in the case of shaft sinking or
deepening, 'where they may be fitted
ready  in   workshop,  as .provided  for
under the Act, and only taken into the
shaft when about to be used.   Every
cliarae shall be placed in a properly
t:ri!.!eil shcuhole, and have sufficient
stemming of a non-inflammable character, such as clay, and shall be ram-
rv.cdby nr other than a proper tamping
j rod, as provided for by the Act, and
j not more than one description of ex-
] plosive to :bc used In one shot hole. Xo
i ox-plosive shall "je forcibly pressed into
: tiie shot-hole, no explosive shall .be un-
l-ram-med, or any of the stemming re-
! moved, or the detonator leads pulled
cut, unless  an  exemption  order has
been granted by the Secretary of State
thit an  fi->i>!iai'C-e is used, wlilc1. en
ables   the  detonator   to   be   removed
with safety after tbe- hole has been
charged.    Jfhe rhot-f-lrer shall, before
charging a shot, mark distinctly tiie
direction o-f the hole on the roof or
j other convenient place, and shall, be-
< fore firing the shot, see that all per-
' sons -within  the vicinity have taken
i-proper shelter: and shall Uke jirecau-
■pnT3nTTlratnitnHjri-u:i BeTraiu'W-e-j—ro-rtp'
; proaoh the shot, and also take proper
; fhevter himself.   If he thinks tha't tho
j £''.Jot may 'blow through to an adjoin-
* ing place he must give warning to the
1 workmen, if any employed, to take pro-
- per shelter.     All shots must be fired
' ')}■• mrims of a fuse permitted by the.
' Ac1., and Ignited by means of an ten I-
■ tor coniiiineil in a tube which, when
■ aitached to the fuse, forms a complete-
. ly  closed  chamber.      When*    safety-
!:-i:;-s aro not required tiie fuse miy
h(> limited by the nr.ked llsht on con.il-
tion tl..it the naked llsht Bhall not he
a'lowui .\lthlii four feet of llu- phot.
i'j!-?» oi ,'Xii'oslve. lu mines not being
coal nuns shots ill ay be flrc-d by
squib**! cf specified cluntctor laid down
iy ihe .Vet, When shots are fired
il. .-.rli-all.-. (he appointed person fhall
not use .. tiring «-:i")U» lo*-s than ^i)
-. ii'ds lit leiiftth, ani shall -hinii'olf
r'(ni];l,> u» the cubic to di'iomtor leirlii
b.ii'ori' ilo'.i.ir so io th*1 flrlns uppani'iiB.
.-i:,h :i;i.'..:;,t*iH in '■ i   : ■", v'.ili"! wj',".i a
'i-.li butt >n ai.d rcni.ivah'c liaiu'li>. lhe
t . ill'iVit'il,
> I'Vf'aa! '
. .,■   'a i,
in coal mines that are not naturally
wet throughout, or any shaft or drift
coaiaiunicating therewith, no explosive
o-:iie'r than a permitted explosive may
he used.
In all eases w£:ere permitted explosives are required to be used a competent person shall be appointed in
writing 'by- tiie manager for the purpose of 'firing the shots. His wages
shall not depend upon the a-mount of
mineral gotten, he shall also hold a
certificate -as to his ability (as required by Section 15 o-f the Aot). A
daily record of the number cf shots
fired .by him must .be kept in a book
■provided lor that purpose and k-e.pt at
the miiie. The number of miss-fired
sbots, if any, and the number of cartridges in each shot shall also be re-  in -firin*s the shot, and the necessary
Not more than -one shot to lie fired at
efficient steps to render it harmless,
any one 'time, "except in stone drifts
or sinking ipits, and he -shall, miake
an examination, as before mentioned,
immediately .before the firing of each
shot.' In stone-drifts, where shots are
not fired electrically in series, the
number of shots fired simultaneously
sliall not exceed three. The magneto-
elee'trical firing apparatus must be efficient, and so enclosed as to afford
reasonable .security against the ignition of inflammable gas. When shots
are required to 'be fired 'on the main
haulage roads or rnain airways in coal
mines, and not naturally wet through-^
out, a special permission ■ must ■ be
granted in writing 'by the manager,
and no other than a permitted explosive may be used. All workmen nuas't
lie removed from the seam in whioh
the shot is to .be .fired, and from all
seams communicating with the shaft
on the same level, except the men engaged, and appointed by the manager,
use taking a load of .bad fish to those   the past, if you keej) your eyes open!
.people. '. They've got a reputation.
They won't let you get within s-mellirf'
distance of tiieir .-wharf'-with a load o'
■fish that adn't aibsolutelj*' right.
"And then, of course, what I've
-been tellin'. you is merely tihe way
things is now. They didn't use to be
that way always. Things is just as
liable to change in' the future as an
"Did you ever hear of Socialism?" I.
asked.   ..
"Yes.' I
"Do you know anything about it?"
., "Xo, I don't know much of any-
thiug. If 1 .did 1 wouldn't be here
now, would I?"
"I'm aiot so sure," I answered.—X. Y.
C^ll.
Labor Commission
In Calgary
> \
corded. Kvery shot shall be charged
and rammed .by, or under the supervision of, the shot-firer. He shall
also examine each hole for breaks running along or across, and if any are
found, the hole shall not be charged,
except where provision has been made
by the manager. Xo shot shall be
fired in coal unless the coal has
been holed or undercut to a greater
depth than that of tlie hole, unless
an exemption .be received 'by the mines' inspector of the division. The
■shot-itlrer must, before proceeding to
.fiire a shot, make a careful examination, - with a locked safety-lamp or
other approved permitted apparatus,
of the .place where Uie shot has' to be
fired, and all other contiguous accessible, places 'within a radius of 20 yards
from the 'place, and has found them
free from Inflammable gas; and If any
coal dust be present within a radius of
five yards of the pl:\ce he shall take
iuim.ber of persons to attend to the
■ eutilatloR, steam boilers, engines, machinery, winding, signals, and horse;1,
cr in-inspecting-the mine. Such number not to exceed ten if the number
of .perrons employed underground does
rot exceed 500, and an additional ten'
for every 500 employed. The above
to bf. strictly eii'forted unless other
provisions are made with the approval
of Iho mines' inspector for the division, or'for the purpose of repairs.
Xo shot shall be fired in such place
unless the roof, floor, sides, and all
other contiguous accessible .places
have 'been thoroughly watered .within
a radius of 20 yards of the .plffce where
the shot Is to be fired. Where shot-
firing caibles are used in the vicinity
of lighting or .power cables, sufficient
precautions„shail .be taken to prevent
the firing 'cable from coming into contact with the lighting or power cables.
—Science and Art of (Mining.
(Continued from Vast* Ouej
N
Gape God Economics
By Max Kastman
lii"illi. Hlivny* '»» he In tho I )•. r,,i
t-ii-dy nf !!'>• "-!n*-Hri'i\ nii-1
i,',;\.' ]   Ui   -.v.iA.Aci'.',  ui tH   •'.
uc
•-'■(ji
i. ni'.'
ma ."
■jhi.it :o be fired, and rein')-'.'-!
,.-. 1> a''in. Tht -'„oi. fir. r -I' -*I1
a    i-.M'.-lui rv.>iiiitiat!iin rf t!i>-
. ' .,.     '.,  -   r, -1,i t   ''!   '..: In .|   *,.*f.. ci-".;
'S.ii'l   ,1*ti|-   il   nll')t   ll.»*   bi l"l    fll'i'd
•    ;i,l!-'1    Mi'v.'l :11* *   lm   i     V   .'!!   !•!! t  :
' 'I
!••
■'1
t At
i-'.iii.
! ulr u,.t''. :
ii hi
11 "
• iii:
wc* ii
i ■ t"   ;.-f rl
!l  '',.
.'
■   r'
, ..it-
■ ti. •
'.-■<  iH*   ()!■
•■.   '':: •  1 O' ■*
I, ■
-^tlSiS ildTs
Ask thc woman whose home ia an idea! of
homlincss, of good mAiagement and economy,
how she keeps posted on the bcs-.t me?hods of do-
Iny; thing?., of the test tl.tn^M i' '■* c-,v "and the
mo*t healthful t»ml n«;r:tioun Inod y> serve the
family. She will »c!l vaa t.''.,M i,!tc ie.i,!^ the
advertisemaitts. Uer example i-i u gO'*>4 i,n to
follow. The merchant vA-y i'-''-r?.'istrs th,* <cn%-
lom of »uch thrifty pr^pe.-.,.,
appeal to xhem throti' i t'"-;v
tion, the advertising c Avrxt >.
!    ''
"If it ain't a leading question," says
the fisherman who owns the boat-
house in which I do my summer's
studying, "are you a story writer?"
He looks with a little of the scorn of
a ship-shape sailor at my mess of
books and papers.'
"Yes, and'worse than that,"'I an-
swe-red.     Why?"
■--**TTreTe*STr~stur.v .ru~iiire"tu""tell yu'ir
so you'll know what's happenln*
at omul here. Things change pretty
fast, you know," He laid a board
over .my -weste-ftasket and sat do,wn.
"Not half last enough, do you thin;?
to?" I said.
"Wp'M, that depends on which way
the rhaii-ge Is goin'. Do you know
you're eatin' fish every day that your
fathers wouldn't touch? Why, I my-
self remember my mother spankln'
mc for ci-tii:' flouii-lors, and here I've
Le^n ln the flnund-er business fiv<*
years!
"A yeur or so ago the fellers over
at Boston was trying to get a govern-
n.rn! bounty on dog-fish, And they grit
mo up to the flt:i;e houee to see If l'f
go down to Was-Mngton and testify. I
told cm, 'Yes, I'll go to Washington,
and I'll tell V:n thl*. I'll tel! 'em ll
lln-y Kl!! tin- i-og-f!sli. they'll be ties-
trey!n*.*: the fund of the poor In the
new t< n jo.'irs.'
" 'V,'::.\.   !''.-   ..1!   a  m.iitir o'  social
pi,s:t'on, I Kay-       Deu-fliih l« just an
,.- *)|-ii-f'--'t. tint th.-v ain't nulK"
■tt)   v..?..,..,'* ;* '"'.I*.' ''
•\'S],il'i "(,!iri t:> nukt' t!i":n re-
sr-i'c'a.'-li-?' I :inin-d.
' 1 iw-y a'.'.i'l u'tdiin io In- iVspci't.ible
l.ir. :)i.y'r- «,>i:i'.r in be vnotl -imioiiv,(|
fn- ii|«. MO'-r jH'-nli., iIi-it's ji||, I'll tell
.-.nu \iliv. Have vou noticed th^'ii
i <v(l.htf'r:t,".<> t'l'iiH do»'i- iiloim Inn-?'
"Yt«. I liiivi'." 1 -./iii, "Uu-y'rc u b!-»i
ci: I'io 1 i!i('<-i-npf."
"T.i!.-i't f.'ily th*- ,-,:i '«i-:imi-." 'r
- ■' ' ".!,!-■• :. • •:-*.- -f!l >oii. l'« :!!!■!
«. i ,,*./,.,.. ,,.■,.,. f.i *..,.. ..*,., ni ... .,
'■  ll;',H  : :ir ut   ,"'1   wli-'fi-Vfr lit', .'<i '.'
in', and brlngiu' in fish, when they've
glutted the market In Boston, sellin'
the fish to the cold storage for a do'-
lar a barrel, as they can put 'em on
ice and ship 'em out when the right
time comes for ?3 a barrel.
"There are just two things for us.'.o
do—ei'iher leave town, or go to work
for them at ?4Q a month, takin' four
hundred to a thousand dollars' worth
cf fish a month out o' their traps.
Jl^iay^iiaJiL-}!—filvlilpnfi   last   vpar   of
where   they   were 'employed   before?
lias any record been taken of this?
■Chairman: It ls difficult to keep a
record of these things. It is safe In
stating that u large number of unemployed left railway construction camps
and from agricultural districts—from
farmers—and such like, but the situation is a good deal different this year.
I„ T. Mnglish: Mr. President, I
happen to know relating to this unemployment problem, that pmbably
nearly every Industry (has been letting
out and cutting down their forces. I
know for an actual fact that on the
C, P. K. there wero 70 crews of men
working In the neighborhood of .Medicine Hat on 'building construction, and
that that, force, has been cut down to
30 crews. Xow, this is a decrease of
somewhere in the neighborhood of 60
per -cent in employment In that line
alone.- I would venture to assert that
there ts hardly a business In the West
but what has cut down their force of
men, and that easily explains to my
way cf looking at it, why there are
such large numbers out of employment. Not only are they thrown out
of eimploynient, but they are unable to
get any, thus increasing the number
of unemployed nt all times. That we
■h-ave an unemployment problem of
tremendous magnitude cannot be disputed. I think that the very pres-
on-ce of these gentlemen here to discuss this question of seeing what can
be done to relieve the situation, acknowledges the fact that the situation o.\ists: Xow, it strikes mo that
the way we ought to proceed In jJiis
matter is lo view the situation from
the stand-point di the various people
and towns here represented, and the
Provincial and~l)oniIiri-6~n Governments,
aud see If there is not considerable
work pending, work that has already
been begun, provided for In the estimates, and ready to be proceeded
with, that can bo opened up; some
work that possibly hoth tho -cities and
the Dominion Government, and the
cities and Provincial Government to-,
ceiher are interested in, that Is pending, that 'by co-operation of all representatives of iiiii those different pow.
era that this work can be discussed
horn and i»otni» program arranged hy
us to tho end that considerable work
can bo openrd up, and I wou'd suggest
that we Bee what can bp done along
flawing iuta the city. I had a conversation with Mr. It. n. Bennett, tho
other day. with regard to certain .work
in the city here, ami Mr Bennett Informed me that the Government would
do all it possibly could, although the
revenue' had decreased some $'^5,000,-
000 from last year. , The city will employ all the men it possibly can, and
it might -help matters if'a system of
relays were adopted. For instance,
one man a halfday for one week and
give employment for another class or
another bunch of men for another
week, and in this way divide up the
work. Of course, we have the same
considerable portion in this city that
have reached the position of actual
distress. Wc have fortified ourselves here as -far as pessi'bie along these
lines, and I think there are just as
many men employed at this time as
tlitre were two or three months past. ,
If there is anything further, that, we
can do, will hear from those -who are
ropresenteil in the Labor organization
here.
Chairman Ivoi=s to Mayor Simiott:
How many men have you employed
just now? Do you expect to employ
as many as last winter?
Mayor Sinnott:    It is uot likely; I    "
think with the exception of some grading work in the city, most of the other
men will be kept at work.
Chairman Hoss: Do I understand
therefore, that you have ' sufficient,
money to carry ou the bridge ,work?
Mayor Sinnott: I could scarcely go
into detail.
Acting-Mayor Smith, Edmonton: Mr
Chairman, 1 am very pleased to meet
with you this morning to discuss this,
employment problem. We have in
the City of lid mo n ton, and havo had
for sev-c-ra), years, every winter this-
problem to face. There hae been a
large nmount of railway construction
work going on from year to year, also
a large amount of work of a construction nature bolng done In the city,
iiecauso of climatic conditions. 'Oils
work of necessity stop* in the fall,
and, as ii result, there has hien every
fall quite a largo number of ..men
thrown out of work, but this year, ow- •
lug to the outbreak of war, this condition has been somewhat aggravated.
The city itself has hud to lay off quite
a number of men tills fall early 1» the
season. This was unavoidable, and
1 may say would not have been ejcoeW
for tlm outbreak of tlio I'liiiopeini war.
So far as our city is concerned, we
1
< \
*'J
sixty doMars on a hundred dollars ot
stock, and there ain't a year they
haven't paid ever twenty.
"And who *fi-e:8 it? I've iwatclie-d
them fellers trudgln' brick from those
traps about 11 o'clock In the morning, hardly able to lift their boots, an"
I've said to myself, 'How many of
them fellers is goin' home to a good
meal of meat like he used to? Not
one In len,' I say. A family can't live
In Provlncetown on $10 a month.
"Kor;y dollars ain't what It us-ert to
be, you know. It a'n't anything. And
yet, I eay to myself, 'Who's entitled
to a «aod meal, Uioho people out In
San Francisco or thtsi-- num iiere
tint's been up ln the fog Blase 1 o'clnck
In the morning producln" fish? ....
"And  that ain't the whole    story,
either.     These big   buildings   'hain't
only niuile alave»   of   us.   but   now,
thi'j'ri1 driving n« out of town with
taxes
1 u-c thom?
'aH iho Miaimor poop!*?, and that'*
all.
jnU i n
mak'n' it Imi •■"^llilo for mo to Bt-iy In
"Lit in!   toll you      Thi-rfii a fisli' '-'ftlmaies in tin- cily! ami the same i «»W'd t" mo. Mr. ChalHiiaii, tliat wo
uk iiiii !l,.-m follors liaie'lt rrilem-d J "•'«* » «»>!«* ^ tm*- of Wcstorn Can-, Will to cnw-iraue moro than hat* in
!.. M.iv. ami vihru It's collected t!ie> ; nila.     Thero ar.i t-ome ,MS,iM)0,O<io.o0; tlie im»t this "back to Uie laud   inova-
tike piIiik to haw thi-lr ntoras*> a*|'11 "'"oh '■> ■'■' colK-cod nltuKetlier In  "W1
i. ar vim:) i.» Uu-y cm. al.l ilwn th.y , l"lvl'« >'"^ «'•"< ". lfl l»«'r «,',",• '->f *hkh
ui,.    n.. h.-iv  In  .lime and  .Uri l!l,j>':'«  ",!t  ht   I':dd.      Tin' city  i* in
and I'll t<-ll you there's lM;twet-n four,h(",W'wl,a» tli.' smu- pillion u* pri- .ito
1  illllnij lo
for :t.
( . ■  ,    ,     , ,    ^ 'in'    fh'■!••"    I.    I'M    it-,.    ''I    'l     l-i   ut    ,!.-."■•
d.r.'.h ovi-r .''i' por <ont, That'* one' "">•*'> ,l,,'!,",k- I"' <""i K<" mimj-y for lt.
...   i-.,   .-,-,, ,-<!>,■  iV:v   '.o'xilo    mi ' W*' havo iomio brldron In tli-- t-lu  wo
t I
these lines.
Chairman Ilosh:    SiiRgestlons aro in jure i-ndravorlng to mtet the urgen|.
order as to what could bo accomplish-! needs ut tlio present time in the'very
ed this whiter without nny Ions in any j best wny we can, mid tho idly Is pre-
way and could easily PNpeel the Dom-- p.ued to oontliuio to <lo that.     As to
i lulon or Provincial Guvoniinents    to^th" p:o'-ltni of tho city bolnn able to
"j,0! assist, financially
•I
to(th"
Who umh tho roada hero?   Ito j "«-'»■- "«»-«■■»»»*.     <>f ««w.  It  if rnrnl-sli" work this nutter, just at pre-
Vo-thelr trucks u*p It.l^ '|)r,'Uy <"ffi('"" *,»'»K- i1"1'1 niomont I do not Hvaw lhat we
Mimmor pooplo. and that**! M«>'or Rlnno't: Tho difficulty Is. -vonl I b» able io employ ninny juoru
But just 'cause my little house i »m «• '"l":> providing for tho work..""1"- or nu>' mo«' «,la« 'w "»«*'•»»■
n I,. 1 hive to pav a tax that's i '"'t notting tho nunioy aUor jirifvulins,| ' !<J-M (I iU tl,,; i"'*'",Jl! !!nu''   ^( -livt'
U'o havo :v numbor of oMlmates 'for-' fl,A   tt")'u-'J "'•u f:iJllW ho fclJI,<J °11
work which lias been pravidnl iu   our *'lh if *'*•' ,ud "", ,I13,U'J-   ,l ius oc'
:.<l flv.   hiindr.-! thousand barn:» of' i'dhi-'ualx, nnd i>U!r*body will
f > i sn* -'ii- iii;li lii-vn- uiitaxe:!, ami: ♦'« '"'s fyf I't'rk if we could pay
N.
il li.
ii
ut»cv/»vch, will
-ft-  tit   ifil'itft*.H9
■■■< r'!:,*'r*
1.1
■I.    ' l '.TO
'    ,. "ill   ,.l   '
-., -!.->\.i!i!i-
i i nil Iln.
*•■' ,:■.    '  .
!t,     -ill     '
. '. J I'l
til.'  1   !   . »
' fllllll I. ■
li'.H-       'tl'
■    I   III.       1-M
t!..   :-,!<
'."• -oui
.'.I..
.l;o.
!•
ludy
,-*\';>.
, ....: '...;....    T..
V ■•*■   .i I. -it *v.
'II iv (. ll.'i -  l.' -*
,i !'■ ip       Tli' *
:*.o \o.iId '■
Th!.. bav on I horo
... v.h.t !l   .,..-
<■ y •- ir    i'.- >. I1-.•*, i<
»i>l;i-:'!.':'   (Il'l   \,IV •*
t i  Sm r'-.iiulKC i.
1 li
■i i*
,. i
U',1   'l*
•M.I",
I :. ll
.!- rut
't   ' '
'.-hi  '»■
\
ti
ls-Illl   III
*    .1    .'* I Iii.l.-i-lll    I!.»,.,
f.   .■(,.,   1  'Vm*
»• fich mi' -A It.
: -.vii I, t'. i.  i.i-c i".  i.»
-.\ ill-.-
s !i-oliin»it.
.i  • 1   Hie
\".   Hi -
,*;\   ■,-.« 1
"ll«r.
! ,;■. -.ij
fioii't !
f ..tn
my hoin,'
ut.o'hfi- thlnij.     I juy fl";
l ,.tm.i k.n! ,i." i f  >^ itor.     I
t,  iv i\:e tisure, lint I ki-.o*' thi-j
l iin i,ir h   i it-dnlUr nifl^r In .
'I ;•<-;.- ;>»> *■'.«. and I tin-ir*
This 1'iositui, i», I'iiKt .if all,
! nn iiRrlcnltiinil province.     If l: is any.
th I nt:, It in lhat.   Tills* U a country
i«lnr«> Indiiilrlof as \*\ li:«vo not lw-
• .'oiiM* v»-ry wi-ll dei oloju'd and, nn n
n-uil,   tit;   h.tV-o   v>t>   f'",v   .».>r!..>   ;A
.'"■tt.Hnil   iioipfc    on    lh.it    t'uiitintiv
llsrougliout  tho )t-ar.   Wo hare ni?»-
liTttd    Hill'   K-Tt-ltt i»l    ItvliUKC-        Of
nro j»lii« on wiih.     Thl* wi.ntir the •«•««"«'. » '* diliuuii to kol u\*.u who
ha\o nl a.i j < livid In citlc», and nr«
not iki-1 to farming;, to bo ou tho !ni.|,
but I Hilnk that an ni-?n and women in-
un'iitH lit tho pio*il-viii of Ut'i'ir lu
ilil* I'mvliHo, n« uliould do ull wo
cui to eudi avnr io get tho*** who are
t ut of work at tho proncnl tinto, who
undcikUml f'riiiing -iml who '.intsi*
r wr lii oil on a Inrti,, o>«t o»!'> iln" istnl
HUT'-   «•  'h»I'  nf Iv.tiltl  1"!   I ..clli.     T'.llii
I
•Ai'.l >tt K I no ow< on thtlr dock' -'"'li will bo tiiMrHy ouiifincil to no-
.,, ■ „ . :,r.-..!| :>|i,» fc.o'how n•.^","',, la''»r. *ln-rovoi- any uvitor:-i| \*
ifi»i.-,.V fi, ni. I'm jn*! ii* lU.o %* v.r.1' r«i|ulw.| "that s>irf of the work will
so ni'i kicked off Into il.o "ra. riir'"'l'-fi'.tor until next yoar, Thoro Ik.
;-ir:'l I t.-i yu nul thi ro.
I'm ' bo li-fi <ii«r until next yoar,
• of roiirno,  In  thin  Wi ftcru (ouiiiry,
a wlniir, a (iroat dial of work tlni
ttcl   he dure.
Minn-   c-in
Ito done in an In* rot nul i*\|H.in*t>. l/'ii
(.:..;• '.itttk It In Imp.-j-nlblc l,» cl .. ,\a
In- ,i.  ;iio  <ii>   is collet .m-il, 'iurliiM
(il.!
ho f'li
"l   lU'll-   ll.ll   t *V     .1',
• tiff   Jlll'.'ll   tt |    H.jJlll 1k. '
I.l
a^f'3l»|^lJ»^pwag^y!m'|«1"■,.•*^ xv
... , x% t *'
"tr*   >,'
'■VW
M..
T.U   V'-nl. 'tl  tl^ir
.i.-uVr  iri.rr r**^f1i"t' tt-**e **"/ t,tb*r fiit^tr In ♦♦•» o*-*
x; <.
9l\t>'
h,
1\*\it«  tlie   •*
«.r    «tt:n r
tia'l    boen
.iii.!*' (  .. >
,,' .>..f   s.i
11 llu   :),!.-'
,.,,.. ....   '...^
,»•     t,.1      4'  *^l.,.-
-* . "nul   *int
< 'On' ritfil
fireil     .
.fi
l ..Jl
'.4,. lhe .:
I'.   '   Mit":   .t
■I-   ,   ,1       ,.'t*,l4'      '■..
mrn-   nuTO ir in
\ll".*t   ti)**   k:.l«**l
■•'' 1,-tr too i.
..I ,i
-liall
ii     {..*■
BM-l«-   >
Tin
Colds
.i i, <\
•   mm
M ifttdltta« fir t&f&at IAJ ttUH tttm<at«
mem* e item to nimybmtn, Ayttrnpty^tmlrtH**
bltttttit t*bt*i en th*it»*gt>* Prj**ettmv*r *^t*t*tnnAvtttitt't*
Wliltto*«l^*c1 tottOiettift/M.lorni»cidhrcmtWiltnfcM; • t-ntflL
Jttmnxt^bnltiieetmttmwtettmio^
tmt inttebm, !••»»» f*Jtf«, Atmter* tmen -ptnn, < um
Ck«e*UdlMA*«.an4iMiittbtutHlim<UtpuidtMy. Ttutmm
i8%anbMln«ti t^tp* ettt fotmt eet eu met,' e-
y<*«i hkl A I ME into your Luo.^b
,'n*   trt
or   !'
.*-. rot found thf *■'■'"
,"  '.-•   1  %i'M   111'1'-':'
. , ,'ir ,h :-o#n'l<"  ■
.  ....alu I t»l'» iir ' .'.«
•4**.jtM", and If 1.1    -«
i»- '■!i>-!(ihl■t•, Iho mi--'..
, ,. - ,1,., ■.  ■-
■ rn -lOt'.tto   tnk-^n        I
» n .,-     * tt   **tll   .»"■ »,*   .
.  ..•,"» \n tbe imi ,"f
-.     .-      ■ ■'.    *-'.t:1   -■'
...a -u' .tml tharco I* '
..' lulu.-.- :?s wWrt li ''•
K-4    In ' >'.    li*i*R.t    »*lt.i  ■
-t*9,.    „,,,(,<»•*    ttl.    ****     ~*       *
'tt   AntittTann »r In ■*•
f;   : larnii!! )■ .ilium  'b«-t-
">r i.1'*-
f <*   M  •*
- '.,,      i
■'   - ■ l
'   -»lt«>t
.1     ' 'it
.  I   *.**
"IP*
.       •  r   . • \   .
..it. . '.. rVf,      1 !.<■>•
; i   ■    *',,'•" ."'jiuor   ni
-..t    -..-.     .Il'-..l     l\\-<4      *'
. -i, i:, „..j ^f,,x IfiWt
A nrt i.-^n lh« ncKl
,.►>     A** M.U.tStt  *IUC»
I'llv;,     tn I     *»uif t.ti't
■ ..'..«-.   , *  >     *-1
,.'l   If !-,   «lu'-«li  Of   t'l It
•    ;' -   .,,,-. ni'i. 1 11,
fi niar-f*.     It"* fno«t
-h.u aoi'l ..tl.vv t'.t-m ■o.mwi ri«lon« i "»• '»"*' *«*k "' «'"' "•*'* *«rk w«4, *•«« ••*>" **** "ol b'' *w» *« ^arn
l-c ki  cf   '.ti.r   if I  Uii* ion.     Un'i mat   «•-•'■. m.»ii .»> two ni>, «*ii hum* u»   '•• ■>   ■'-   ••» ' -"••*■   -    '"-'
1 "   '   In   T'"**'   ii*-'i>#  tbf.   foil!'   ",*i
rw: • '
hu.idr, i
.' , • ii j
..-. •-*  iti-tii  ...I  Imi* iiii, uiti  lliu*! ik
illl-   ...<u    «>• ft-   l.i'ni-:.   ll.ii U.
'.'!  inrti   -nirh  faiiilllon
».|,li>   '■:=»■   i"   ,r,uf   ,,"r'1'
And  |««h«!r lUli'K and H(-«|Uir# u k:i»wl-f«Ue
T'.iO)   IliM'l'"""
.- olnnt 0*" 't'l'i* "»■ dti bn* ).r.iri|.-.rl!t »m■.!,.■«.-flf tb* in<!«*lry. nn-» that n«**t npii«n
•Ivi'vU -U .Ui nun t'.toy cult afford u ui Ml-) A.mlit h*» ntili- ro nrn n pno-l "r-
,,!„, !i!i«- pri*-"iii  (Into      Anothor iiu'i-f, 'n :'"" w ""*•     s"w- tl* "» hr,ir ,hnt ^"
■      a   -t-\ •*
< '   »  •,**•■* '  >-, S-i  frni.tUco      And troiiU.e   a-ft ».'nr|i •*
>«■'   bt' 'nilMlr.t o'Mm !!-.»• io*n, «nd al*»>» '--'.A *■••
V   ic:i«   ti--,  -mit   It  (>-.U'*  'be  ^.ir.> -rnl'trt'h      ■ •&
.» ne none d.iint.i.l H-tiimt.' roJ-l-»lMn-;      ,
-\v:-.v i m'f >i»u hi nul   tA.if-re   ant <5rlvln« m<     c
!.r,i> ton,     Un'i unit
o   i'   .ti,->   ..«,- -|  l-tlftlrt.)   --Mi
'.:  a*a\ ' ^-iljoil'
. ■■ I  i ,     Tint'    III
■i'i w.ll :*.«•) du lhat?
mm.'1 if lirti'li i.;v..\i« \\.*l*oi*t""»*!»« -'«•! ■» ■■■* unimjiloyrii, tbm- l* on*! b> *'<">«' • ^ »« *•** that I ten my.
«.,.■ iar *„<•.* t-i !..#,- your a »i*r.   u i * ••-*- -• •  " «  ,',   ,  r",-„„,.,,^, (,„n,;   M, ,Vl> t[
JIM     *t»l I,     *V   ..     *.ll«,     A      -Atfll     U.     U>4>   . ,.....,.
,    . , ,.„-i.-, .     T . Ait', ..uj .'ji, i ^ i'liji.   ' oo',Hto t«nn» U-my jwraonni ftnlnlnn.
o*...     So tin;- ,.nii ate.     lm |M>in y " •'•     ' •• -it**-*"***** «.-*(' ' * -i.4t.itu _ .  • ,
» f •• ' ■ -   „  i, j«f **•- i|Vfw. '"■*■< 'b-f ,t**ftni*}t*ytt,t*rt  st arent A**! A* '•"* *am* "■'• " " w*;rc IKW-*'-1'*
wcli- '•« k.i Vu" \wo" - \ot '»■ '* dw*, ,0 ,h*' Un *m «•» t*otn-^o «« «*« «»m«ntoB aowotnent *xr
,T, ,,'.. ' ,     ,'" in ..', Jal(, l|„i„n itirnmd*-rmplftT imt* nnmtior* -th* Pro»lnr!*i {imreriimetit   to   nrt
1*
J
I   «***1*    *.*     ¥***,
tbnt 'tboyiro' *l»'.tr tb*i  are »at of emjtlojnwin. j'^lr Uft«'    'Ottl*m|>lat**4'   <bl»r.   *'*r
i«.i".ii."i*.ro|«d-)<'-wl. r«|-,<"*. aHW'Bih H"4 *cmi>lo>nn»m in inft »'»*«> 1' ttm-y b^d the oumy, tor wMrii
'.-I   »R*«n»»   th***!«-»!«"* '"daj   E* not ronflned to ttiU-ft*'^"* •»*«> h^n pr-»narv!, ! ihialt
»,:.-,    \Anne   tbey'triel*" "r m*vw- ,h'* flls*, ***** " "o*" ! *'- *"Ui  lw" * »Pl«^«*!>*  -"'!»«
o' *(»'*n,  bm   thpy'd
'   ■■'    it) i"T  l^."'   W 1
U %t
nor- .M»'«-u|i U. sH *ork for iko^S^' ',"'*' *"r*». bo.**we*. WP w»iH«
'ominnrftr nut of ll      For   ln»mnw, i tl"*   if*  «'«»* li>  «*•♦ *«Wrtl*r tlm*.
"I P9tl't     K*"!     'At*    prll llfjfr
,-irr*.  ; ri*tlr*t *.
. * **j ••»   ■-."• ** *
that"*  tk*>*v* .!r,i
      r:   -
li» riMto of MiftKt-   I-'»•>'»* »«rf-,'
' f   *'"kti n-ffchrlllf*  Th»"' tit*.
nnrxnt tbe** iir-i Wet* ,v:<t mn town' 'MB.    Wi-'«l «
,-tfbirt',t* h*>!r»r sr •-• "*t .* ■"fiUt-nter-11 tb*y '**••   •
..- • .1, ,.,„Aui* t    Umt ■ :.., i y t #■■».   ,xli*,i'r* it'.'-
ift  !'*hrrw^n htr** tot.
.'.,)• -i     Of   1*0.1.     '- *
And lt'« tra*, too.
to '.i/joiiicr o.- .jso". thty lur.';
i
fit),j ":'»
i^> d'l-tip'  •■ 'tits that rorttl t» *arr{fd «wi In
.   •   -  ■  ■'.'    9
;.!!'» 'if-    '
\\*'\* ton th*
■*tv»«i on»
.     ' '.!■     t"    \     "' •'.>■
Awl t   •
',< .it ,i aurketaW* U*k.
'' ** er/ildn't fenndl*
•>i >m m*rbonr*t. not
r th' le m tro «*l*»
.,:.'.' „'. i it M.II11C* *
•'• •   *'  "|    "i-»t,.*F.,*i   th-t.1*,*
. I ill Jul. Vlicr-i-'e uo
il )tl*l blip f.ir»»i«i.«i-»    In    lh«-
^ i.f,,   nt **'• >n   ttt-   'ifnin<1   t'l
itotli ih.it n.Wii In kUch iiill-OM- nl.o'"'^'   »ltur "Aw,*, t «:ii+'.  **•**■,   t'r*
nn* trmvotaritY ont of fmploymfju.jluMy nemo nvrr*M«t it!«v*-t el iltf f mt'
«>«t «« nmniuaar-iaa «,«t»i».t**«iw!ii'.».|''' ,J- v t-osi*. iitl m.
nei&mon.    J'of IttlWOKe. tbr C. !». H.      Mnjor tlnrttim, \^tbbr»e*.    I nop
%r* nM *mr*tit*\»t »»yt«ii«t Ilk* tk*! nom 111* up to m* now that muyot* of
Nm^r tb*a Alt a y*er ot two mn j «tb*r tW** bnt* nnobtn tft Mr met-
*go.    *«o«m »«a ttlK^il t»i' abk tt> »■ tjthtnt -ntttnt wr etry
uoi'. if ir  ra* ml tnbtn bt «,<*», 1(-«,lwlM „, Vw ..„„ ' \'h"\*S>i^¥^\'S
3• -** a   ",>tr'^.'
^^\^^'. ?-•"'• T '^f^T^v^J
j-JTi-^'".!'.".. ~'51-,L.Jjyi~ri.M'"jlV*a^.8yw'T^.^sa
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 14, 1914
PAGE SEVEN
'iff
i:«
i
i it
V M
tt
t't-
I, J
IK
.*
**
Beware qf.
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
t
Wines
Liquors
Cigars     r—~
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co* Ltd.
^__ *———
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers !!£»
Labor Commission
In Calgary
back    are    already     offering     very
strong objection    to    the amount Cf
money   that  lias  lic-en   bororwed   for
public work in our cities.   1* believe
thai what is true of the cities is true
j of the Provincial Government, aud per-
{haiis Alberta is somewhat in the same
! position   as  other provincial  govern
Government has done in regard to:
meeting the representatives of labor)
in Britain. A systwu \\A\ undoubted-1
ly b6 adopted- in the eld country *
whereby the hours will be reduced and i
not the wages, as has be-;n done on a*
lMmber of occasion  throusbout this j
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
(Conliimcil from l'uire Six)
ments throughout the Dominion.   But 11 'rovlnce—i.e., reducing hours and al-j
.that occurs to me that might be of! U seems to n,e th:lt we 5hould at leasfc j :t|*'InB 1Jeople i0 have ^"clcnt food. I
As you all know, ihe summer has
been one which has produced very unsatisfactory results to labor and men
of all classes, including farmers, and
I think th^it has applied more especially to our section of the oountry than
any other -part of Alberta. We have
had* no railroad construction or any
other public works going on, except
those which originated with the city.
However, we were successful in getting consldern'ble money together, and, fawners who would welcome help this
we are employing at the present time! willter- u is true th*5" would not be
most of our citizens ui certain classes]'11 Position to pay wages,-b-ut they (the
unemployed) would get a comfortable
, , , . .    .      draw to the attention of the Dominion  clpthing and shelter to keep caem go ,
some value and yet not be expensivei,. , , ■„,„ ,,„,., ,„„,>,,.„    ,, ,r, .
'_ _ j Government, who now have some con-1 V'-S until conditions change.    rne ten-j
or costly is to organize some kind of! tro] over the ]and of th!g pTOVjnt.ei j ciency has been in the cities no: to re-j
a central bureau to get in touch with i ,he necessity of starting in and culti- - duce hours, but reduce wa?es. No*',*
these .parts of the Province views eon- j vatlng some ]nrge arws so that atitUs is uo; pr,-venuiS the Hardships;
(Ilti&ns are-not so .bad.     Such a f*cn-|least food cculd be gotten l0 keep a : 0r those who have no work at all, so!
tral bureau might be started to gel in
touch with the farming population of
this province, where there is not so
much distress, but where on the ether
har.d there is some cunsjderablte pros-
iperity;  there may be many of those
P, Carosella!
Wholesale Liquor Dealer   j
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH   AT   HOSMER, IfcC.
and certain work in relays. We are
not giving them steady employment.
In the meantime they are probably
making out a living, nothing more, anil
we are looking forward to the time, a
little later ou In the winter, wlien
lliose people will all be out of .work entirely, with no reserve funds to carry
(hem over. The city will he called
upon to a considerable extent for some
help from those of the labor class.
There Is another question r/robably
harder to denl with even than the laboring class, nnd those accustomed to
more or less hardship—the class thpt,
has always boen fairly prosperous xnA
pride .prevents them from securing 0 ^^Hi.1^^^^?^-^^.-'w^reF*'<f9r
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
chocte from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8au*
agei for tomorrow'* break.
f-Mt.    ,;
CJ'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phene 56 Wood Street
FERNIE, B, 0.
Our Sympathy
13 always extended to thoeo in
distress, but wa have no sympathy to waste on tho man
who borrows his neighbor's
oaper when he can have one
of his own at a mere nominal
expense. Your hortie paper
stands for jour intit..u's and
the interests of your home
town. It deserves your mo-al
and financial 3upport. If you
aro not a member   of   our
family of re rs you should
b'gir.noiv by sending In your
utwOMpi.on.
Haf. Efforts are being mad*; to.hejjj./
those people. This class has nev|i<
been included before. Our mlnowjfcf
are not getting anything like full work
In our district. As far as Lethbridge
is concerned, conditions are not goivl,
although I understand they are i,ot
quite so bad as Calgary or Edmonton.
If the railways would use Western
coal, and keep tho coal mines in operation, this would be the means of offering employment to a large number
of men. At th'3 present time wj are
employing men so that they can live,
but I do not know what they will do
from the first of tho year, ou.
Hon, C. R. .Mitchell: Mr. Chairman,
j With respectto this problem, so far as
I it might effect the Provincial Government, I might point out that it'apneirs
to me that tlie scope is considerably
nider in regard to any activity that
tho Provincial Government might undertake. We not only have people iu
the cities and towns who -are unemployed, appealing through their representatives to us for assistance, but
we have n large rur.il population ss
home and board, and in return relieve
the fanner. A great many of the
farmers might want to go home for
the winter on a visit, but cannot go
because they have no one to take their
place. A good many people could bo
placed on farms in that capacity. Now, j
thut might relieve the distress to same
extent, and figuring there are thousands of unemployed people in tjiis
proviii'ce, that would do a considerable nmount of good it seems to nie if-
they would accept positions of ihat
kind provided, they could,be..secured.
y^J^i^-iKs^^i^^yawTin. and.,'cities
large number,of people from starving I •<■ !'.\ouid be much oetter to distribute
to death in the future if we found that; *-ba uioiic) o\or a greater part of the
the industries of our country will be \ population than just limit it ;o a few.
closed down' for a i-onsiderable length ! 'l'lion the coal mines would -be favor-
of time. It looks to me, at the pre- j -ti^ly aifc-cted, thus giving emplo>meut
sent time, that in addition to these i to hundreds of men. Suppose by re-
people who are out of employment, j duciug the hours of work ail the un-
there will be a larger number out of, employed could earn ?L'.00 per dny,
employment as time goes on, and that | *-b-i\ would be expended ior othtr foo.i,
their condition will be much more : tic result of which will be greater de-
ar-ute than it is at the present time.    \ mantis   for  other   commodities,   more!
stenographers would be at work, more ■
sales clerks,  and «o  on  through  the;
.   ,,   , .       , .   ,  , *\arious  praties    of    emplownr-nt.      I1
ments that are contemplated. I cannot      . . , *
understand why it is generally accept-! mlslll1 Sa'V lmU lhu abusu Is ln ,eilut'-''
ed lhat this le the only H-gltlmatowuy. I "1S   lh°  "latls   iu   ll,e   ,ari0U8  lWork '
"ups iiiid  in   \\art-houses  instead ol
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OP ODD FELLOWS
9 Meets every Wednesday
| evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
i   Hali.
/   Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at S p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
A. MINTOX, X. p.
S. TOWXS.CXD. It Se-c
I-A
While   the   Dominion   (Jovernrjent
might spend seme money In improve-'
nn„yi*W«*Ei>:*Oy.t-4>ia
nice-- the •'-.*• inrtaer
j^fo,*-n sttett'-px^w
j^uld'"'beJ.'k^cved.
At the present time that is the only
suggestion 1 am in a position to throw
out. Whether or not as time goes
on, and if conditions grow more intolerant, we will be able to formulate
some other plans of assistance, is a
matter, of course, I would have to
leave for fuller consideration by all
members of the Government. I am
oni .here today in the same capacity as
the othor invited guests, to hear the
discussion, to get an idea of the extent of the distress and to afterwards
do whatever is possible to formulate
some plan to relieve them. 1 do not
think it is ever expected of us, nor do
I think it advisable that the Provincial
Government should vote an amount of
money for specific purposes of keep-
lug people through the winter. I
think the only legitimate way of
handling this, is to provide employment, if found possible to do It. We
can expend a great many thousands of
Provincial money in providing employ.
ami it sr-fms to me that the Poniinbn
(loveriiineni, having control of iho!"
lind, that some movement should be
(iiauguiated. 1 think that before this »
1'ietinr; -rdjuiiins some reco-nnioni'ii
tion along lha: line should be made
Chairman l;oss: I regret tha; Mr.
It.  B.  Bennett, Dominion  represenla
ieducing the hours of labor. The trouble, as 1 have found it, is that those
who are rtallj responsible are tiie employers. .The position is very simple.
Here we are, wage workers; here yoa j
nre, the owners jf the job. Vou ha»u|
the jobs, we ha\e to come to >ou audi
fc
five, is not .present.     I fully expected!
■!ic would be here, and I am somewhat!
surprised that he has not turned up.
However,   I   think   the   recommendation of Mr. Kenney is worthy  of 'consideration.     It seems to me the only
way that, we can meet the situation
i.s to handle or centralize our efforts,!
and if I understand Mr. Mitchell rightly, he claims that it is almost an impossibility to hand out money for th.it
purpose.     Xow, there is one scheme
in   Calgary  alone   which   I   think   is
worthy of consideration, viz., through
ask for  work.     There is no denying! |W
for that is always 'he relation of workers to employers. Therefore you are
responsible, and it is up to you, boti:
III
Dominion and Provincial ('.overnincnis. jg
and mayois of cities, to get right down j JS
to business and deal with the sima-i.E
i tion. We think the suggestion whii-h ■ {£>
conies from the Provincial Treasurer, I ""
Hon. C. K. Mitchell, with regard >o,
some central hureau for the purpose'!
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Ai-siio's Hall second and third Mondays In
each month,
John Al. Woods. Secretary.
Fernie.  Box 637.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. iu their own Hall. Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of 8., 1). .1. Black:
Al. of h\, Jas, Aladison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Afeets   every    Monday   at
:.JU p. m.r in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. 11. Xewnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
1-10 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE AS-
SOCIATION
Lady   Terrace Dodge,   Xo.
gjl    221, meets iu the K. P. Hall
ci hotter distribution, is a splendid |
idea. The business people of this Prov-j
inte, an.! of tho various cities, should
out the winter there is -work to "be'sel lQ^lh*v illui formulate some pro-
done along the north bank of the Bow:-ram wl'*>'ebj ihey could arrange io
River which could be done as cheaply '(livi(ie the kVOrk umo"8 il -n-aUr uum"
in winter time as in the summer time.! ^ a' 1,eC!l,le- ,nsiCild of ™<lucluS U'* |
If we are to assume that the Previa-'. '"';:"es rc*™'e the  hours-     A-li"'  m I
;es reduce  the  hours.
ilie nutter of financing,
can appre
late t'.'.e position of the mayors of the
cial Government and Dominion Government are largely responsible for the
unemployed situation, as they are, I \ ViiVims cities- ;uid i understand that j
(V. not see whv the Dominion Coven-,;" °r":u ":l'u;illt c'f munieinai work has j
ment and Provincial Government!"01 bte" -proceeded vlth because of)
should not come to the assistance of
the  municipality    in
conl and  t.nrth  Friday of
t:n-h month at 8 p. m
■ MRS   J. BROOKS, W. Af.
V-'. OUR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 17KI. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each,
month at 7.M. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
It. OKIOHTOX, W.  M.
J. SKILLIXG, Rec. Sec.
THE
8»1864
"pfell.   "NowTTt Is-not all prosperity
I In the farmhiK -community.   It is true
i that In portions of the Province lying,
, generally siieaking, north of the C. P.
! R. main line, Ihe people are able to
! look after themselves all  right, but
' that secMon lying south   of   a   line
j drawn through Calgary and east of a
; line from Cnlgary to .Macleod, Is in
j a very bad condition.     Xow, the Pro-
I vlnclal Government lias neen confront-
| j ed with distress mid In some Instances
; with nbaolute starvation this year al-
. | ready, and, ns 1 have said, we have
i j to devote our energies to that phase
: of the problem as well us listening
, j to the appeals of representatives of
|, municipalities.     We havo done what
i! we can no fnr to relieve conditions
.! .is thoy appear to us,    So far as cities
'; ancl municipalities are concerned, the
■ j construction promotion of the Provln-
! clal Government this year haa beon
JMiiull;  most uf onr Provincial build-
j lug* have been built.     Tho govern-
, iiiciit'H cousuiuiioii progrititi lias not
! been derided upon, hut 1 do not autlcl-
' pato thnt any heavy cojiBlnu-lloii pi'o-
' pram will be undertaken for tho rea-
; ton thnt the brger ptibllc  b,iiidlng»
jtli.it arc Ticeilfd at the (irpsent time
i have bi't'ii about rompU'ted with f<»v
(■xrptlonti.     Of course, the Jail Hid
|iiiilimi  Inillillnitd mv  not cmiiplt'tcl,
! but work will be rcHiiitu"! on thiMe i>.«
(noon as w-pathcr ioihIUIoiik  will m;i
i ml:, and all MWlKtniice thnt ran  btf
j Klvcu, through inedluni of work, will
j be Riven.     With respect lo tliu vMR.
' try In llu* south east portion of xbt
ment, DuTtfie"difficulty is to reach the
men who are ln most need of it. I
am not here to fhrow the responsibility onto the municipalities or Dominion Government has ways and
means both of securing money and
expending .money. We cannot put
taxation on automobiles and raise a
jlack of funds.   liowaver, thii is uot j \?S3SjF$m^MM^'Wm3SgWS&
financing this i ^0'a{? I0 focJ meu oul of ',vor!i "f'!t1""' j  ,.        _       , _ _
work along the bank   of   the "river. ■is il goillfS to !limtl'le    lhe    s;tu:lLion ' "	
This one scheme in Calgary is worthy
of consideration.
•which wil] face us in tlie near future.
, 1 am not in tavor of relief giving; 1
Hon. C. It. Mitchell: Mr. Chairman,
to give you an Idea of the extent of
the relief work which the Dominion
Government Is doing for the agricultural population, will proba-bly run
into two million dollars. That Is a
pretty large sum, mid I think it Is only
right that this convention should know
A. Macnell                           S. Banwelt
 MACNEIL A^BANWELI	
certain amount of money for specific . that a heavy demand has already been
relief purposes. The program for
the season Is pretty well concluded,
and .we have not up to the present
time any specific program for the en-
made upon the Dominion Government.
Homesteaders seem to be as bad off
as those In tlie cites, with tin* exception of a very few places.     Iu thc
!"w<jflT3-so5uer—see~ men "procure ;work
, and if It is productive work there will,
be assets  created  to cover expend!- •
■ lures;   if  it  is  unproductive   work—j
pureli    relief—that    is    unscientific.!
, There will be a decided reaction and J=
| something to clear up at a later date. J *■
I am well aware that the lumber lu-1
,d.istry, so,far as timber is concerned,)
has a sufficient cut already, und natur- j
ally .prices are going down; consequ-i
outiy  lumber  manufacturers  are desirous of curtailing production In order is
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
n
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
C. Lawe
Alex. I. F'sher
LAWE & FISHER
VTTOKXKYS''
Fernie. B. C.
suing year, nor do we think it wise to north It is splendid, and there Is no
decide on expenditure of further cap!- need of anybody suffering,
tal money on puhlie buildings in tlieue- Secreiiir>-Treasurer Alfred Farmllo:
tow»8, because the necessity has not ■ .\ir. Chairman. 1 would just like to say
arisen for It, >:o there Is the -situation j a few words. It has been my duty to
so fm- ns we are concerned. I fan j gather »tntlstles with regard to uiu-m-
only assure you tlmt If some plan Is piojineut. First of all I would like to
formulated we would endeavor to me-'t K!ipj;]fcimiit ,, statement nude bj the
the occasion as best wc can, beirlug chairman of the mr-niiim that so far a*
In mind the responsibilities We luve ■V(, arc coiicerneJ we ;nv nol n-.-j.on-
us a  Provincial Government, but  we  sbjr-   for  the  mn'mi'lo.nd   condition.
We are lieiv rfprfentlng tlio-e who
M'e out of work, n iin-sonting In a
iiii.'iilicr of cii-es, ni'i! why have not
s-HIbm-iJ iriai iiiii-.n:il;j>nn.-i;: lor j<-:irs.
iv It i> I'.nil tlii'iiiM'lvi'c mi a very critiri!
portion   to  fad'  tin-  cuiulm   w'.nier,
cannot "coin" money, stml we cannot
vei) \\ull upend money for other purposes ihan what the money Is Intend-
<'I fpr. And that particular hkjjic.n
whatever bt- on hand It I-: not thc
ptoper sliitc to ixjhii.I, t!:c diniaml foi
Itjiot ha vin? arisen, omtjh fu--tir.tr us; aIoiik with the rhairmaii of thii' m«'.
there   Is  a  demand   fnr   gein-nl  cra-.m-j, |  r<.;:,-; i;..it  she l>.»:n:iiioii Gov-
ploytnent. !   r;ii;i<-:;'   »-i.,   .-i-iih'.\|ih;   shlrkfil   It.H
AM. .1. A. K. i.ii,\, ICduiuuiiiii:    Mr.  iluit  in not .uUti^ .m oiiicial repn--
Chiilrmnii, ji'iir statenifnt Ih.i1   '!i"re ■ ^-r'taiUi-   tt  tli!-  uu-< ili-a       Tb<-  Li
were  i«3m-" ,*.(niO iiiiiniplo,vt'.!   In  t'.tl-  lor  l)i-p:iritii< ui  half  i-n in . ,1  to r*'
mt}'  li,  I  belle**,   W«!l ;»!«»«>a JJltj-^M^-.*.^!:.*. Ii.-imii.c :iiei   ,.lr. :niy t „„;„'„..
tmiK, M>6 1-iMifttVli tlMkt fiOfdlM^HliW thMi from our good fri.-n >, Mv.  ,<*-,'|,,*.'
ill C»l«*>> nfn mfoi*%JU$ *kwM!yiK,-*W*'|»<eNli'«( who U nu *vv.'<<Mi-!>t wf.U.r  ,,it ,,,*;i
,'io restore the prices of some fiv.v'
: mouths ago. The loggers and lumber [
; workera could  be provided  with suf-'
flr-li-nt employment in getting out rail- i
j t\ay Mrs.     The ties could bf consum-i
cd  by the railroads on ilielr various!
branch  lines.      Chirters haw    been
.giant*,;   by  th"  Cuven.iiu.iit  lo  rail-'
ft.ivu and   tlie (Joveinnu'iit arc in  a:
; ;>u-i|t!ini  lo fum- ihcni    ta   consider
, hill II  il   sell.-ill".       (il'iutlli.1;  c.lllUUt   be
| goin* on vvliii on .iccoiiut of the freeze-
', up, but -iln).  iii.*ic 1., i'uck ui.ik to i',,i i
|'he li.Hiiiiiloii .uri  Provincial (Juvcrn-,
i"i-l* s >*l|i>llld I'cri'i' lhe f'-HIIMCtor1! tl
-■I . t' ;i' A ^'M'l'.d li. ceiH- ''!i wl'li,
..m! tlr.i^ kIw nuinbt-rii of uici t:nplo>-
, nn lit. l-'rcm llie st:itistlcs I have lak-
i", .''.I wliiih (mm- from all o\ei' iln-
' '' 'i\.- t, I mi'.-llt h-ll'te 'li.il t'n re iil'e
■i'!-'n '■• 'i .• . .-.t:i:(. ',i"rl !. ■ . ;■''.' '.
or :t d.i>» a  week, and  some  n-tnlr*'
■li:ne iinl>   Morl,'«'d lliree week- In 'In'
«-ll*;i'e   i>e;..-(:Mi.       Tlie   itverati-   lime   a
o!    lli"   tr.Mli"-> Inie wnrke'l
WINTER
Will Soon Be Here
ARE YOU READY?
WE ARE
We can cupply your needs In
either coal or wood heaters.
Call In and look over our stock
of range* and heaters before ths
cold weather arrive*,
r
''i
1
HEAD Oman AND NINC 0HANCHES IN TORONTO
JAMJES MASON, Graml M«Mi«r
BRANOHES ANO CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
A Nm Anrowit mwh* *****& with Xb* Homi RmH -is iIm. nam** of tw* mr mm*
n*t**t*t, *mb t***Ant tb* SfMles* al w-ftluirawini or 4*ftnltint meiMy mm iKtii mam
tianatat*. 1*il»*& *i ih« 4**th at amaal At paitlat to* k**tAm,inttlM tubman
tat**itu*ttmi»patn mbb tba Horn* Binli mnyhowhMrnwn liyili* tucvivw, or tut.
aiaan, *tohtnn t*i*a *a *pe**t te ana prac*** «l l*w, • «
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTONIA AVI,* -I- 4- FtRNII   B. O.
wmtmtttMiattmAeMmmmtmKMmtmmm-memmtmAeemeMm
rm^MDn wttb tm*. thtn HWerene*. tbett ni^nr ♦hn*> "
1 pit.viiiii'. tit* Imve Mpen; larRO amount*f-^B-JWmorKOBthpre |« « U\rt«r numberi^rlijr *l«tl«i!t - ..,;,! ^ :ii:;.u, IciriAli
[ cf tiKMU'y tluii'i' r-tllovliiK furiiMTn *Aliiii a,  pri win • iiu»U»>iil  lu raii-An)   eon-  nf •eoixtlitin ■* iliir:iiu    tin-    t,:t**t
./i,l,   .ibtui.tUlj   ut-kiiliiU-.      .\utt, *i!| .l.iucl.ion lo ine w-fri-l Ol Lie ill)   ihiit
I '.m\e iilvt-n ti -great ili-ai of enviloy- j In tho einirnc nf :i
. tiK'tii In tlu» wi) of ro.id <t)iimri»ctloi!; t^ mnn «,ut cf «tci
I
f.
► hon tlnw «!!! In'
;; Hunt, (.at  lo she
j lltl» >tur, iiiii'Ii mon- than nc wouhl] irei'z-f'itp,  and   'her,   »<   jih.ill   Hi',   a
inil-'i* illfluv Into i:<liii-ni! ill I ruin 'he
wiit. 1 >ati <|iiiti- ou 'i n-titinl I!..*!
ili<» different f'.'.i*** au*\ nHijiie^nliiU"*
're  dolllB   Ilielr  'I'.rno..;   In   en."   with
jlinve  dom-  uiidf-r    or Unary    rlrrimi-
i»:n.ri"<. ni.il It bun reUexni Ito rnral
liopiiliition in tint tii'tlon lor t rtniitlil-
rrabli* li'iigtlt of tinn; a: l^a^t. Our
«*itorl* Imv-f lircn verv nli') n-'ipjilr
tui mnl b> th> Ihimlnliiti «;«-»«niinot.t,
v ho -tr*; t.f i- \ir ', lis»u!i., i.T.h r   .,:
'IliJIltll^   IK'I   O'.lj   fl-i.li*   In IV,  ll.il   Kl   flT
.in:   an   MriMith  I'.ilii'n'.i.i.   -*.   li   .V
•.-Mi.'.t Ii.ii    i«i-i u'l-ir    .)   ii-   T'l a?   i.iere
'':!•!   ii!<t   Ij •  ii   ri t.t *t- ,i..i'A.\i'   lY'iiil '
l' • ,r I'lbliic! Council In l". -i-i-jii-^ ilrit
lil    -    l|l|l .•MrJl     |l     ,1     M".'ell.ll    ..11",    iillll
'I'-iut- '(lid of thii.  kin.I  nili'lit  „h,9,*il
tf   • iii■>   .-
di-ir-'ier:
1. •- uf |..
,,> t-i >^  tn 11V
t . n    iij    -nine
• *    >, "ii i   over
i *
.
i
1,
f
llm     nil tri lion,      .in!
i!it-iii-i-H-»'»,   mt     rn'i'li
■ ..   .      A .lii.   >'      . . .1,1 ,.
i n< <w.fc:ir> privlnloi n ,nn ! tml tm ni. r ; ■ 'mt lhe ' li,i< I t > iln- nu, i'
fin.I
:m|.-;
■      I Mil'
tun nt
List of Locals District 18
rf
vt
4»l
4-11
MU
me*
i
t*i
ii.mi nl.  9*1 r»  **   ».i_«.>_>
x\'\-t'f A«h Min»     Win   March. TitUar   *'♦*
Hankhtftif f1'- ^ hmtl-fy, !l«nkhen<1, Altn,
tum**r Cr»ek
■itaaia tU*.....
HlfrSttnor*....
•t-iTT'.*
 I. loughran, tlenvtr Crwk. via Plach«r. AKa.
, Jt»m«r* Hurke, Uox m, IMletiM. Alu.
 Wm. Arrh*r, Hlnlrmore, Alt*.
T <:   i'f-—r*i-« |»i«*»>ti*n.   %i**,
 J. Jlltdifll. C«rboni)»le, Cotamaa. Alu.
 >ll*<ha«-: WarwTi, Canmort, Alta,
 i. Johuiton, Coleman. Alu.
 R, fiarlmtt. Corbin, n. C.
 J. K*»«n», I'ltlnaok Mlnea Comm-frc*", AIU.
 Tlioa. tWIII, FarBlf. B. C.
Vr-in  1fo-"srin. P'"i''.lt, Alfu*.
 Mntb Stigfer, llilierwt, Alu.
 I..  y,-,..9lS, 't'-l GiJkVU *.'»tUU«, .%', (.-MllklMIMlRa
,Mh-ltrl4m Col»l*rl#e....Fr.Mk Itorantbam, Coalhurst AKa.
yiofle tsol T. «i. Ilarrli**, PeaeVwrt. Alta.
>!Wi»J.,.... ...' Wrhsrrf no-inf,  Mli*a!. tt. C.
Fatiklmiw. T. O. Ilarrtfi, PaauHwrf. AJta.
T*I*t \- fWimen, Taber, AIU.
r*'<*w<"*~a. ■r"anrror<l...!lfax tTu;;,:r. Ck;oi'fccU,-,;u. Ciuuwt*. MU.-
n»tta« «!"«• ...Harrr MeKmaa. Sertem, *<* -Hem* tteeat*
Mn Vlouaa. AVberta.
• IMfHI
-tm' wm»tfii»	
mf
?*•:
• 1.4
tm
iirfi
*:r
HAS
mi
mt
»«
mi
QfttittM*.	
Col«flMltl.	
cwwti.	
iklw-ik Uoion,
YotbtOt...	
t'n,if
IUll.ru*
ly,' f.Mrf*v:..
I|!(4    |l<    |1   <t    ••!•»   I '    -'i    I-    '    "  '• 1
I thi'tt*  «lll  be i|im''oii  *•!   tbt*  rin'
|. lit.oil»  1  JlH-tllU.I..- i.        Willi!   in   !<l  .M-
ji'iiwic iif thi in ne%i >««r, wh-pn it u .11
,'u« i.i'M'*»,if> (ur ih<m to *i»rt In an I
Ult* I heir UK-dins, I do noi km,*, lur
. unii'uur »«rk r#-a»e* »ith ib* ltr*t<--
I is-, Wr,   r.t..,.r,    ...   . .      , ,,* ,
Mien, nnii IMl U «*hr, w>i'»> --i-<r>«-».> if
I ittiii-li *n«»rHn i!i*)rl »uf«' mft"t» v fo ite-i
j n'r f>nr tnlcphon-f con»truet(on bn*
, it< ei< •i.hi«- urfce ii»i» yrar. -rir^jlcj.n*
j.« nrnit many m*t*, bnt In most  In-
9*     **, t'9     '*1,'t      Ip - ♦-,     * .->     r„. ft*    , ■   '        -
\*tpertn Tboav-tragp tn-ik c.iu.nt ,b,
JttiA* *«rk     The! work I* n»* fi.M*.I
nfp for the ymr owlun to rJinulli i-
.lithirtK. I .mi Jj>t bn mu<cb at nf* ;■*
, '•*• !**.* cm of ibe rartana rHIm wf"
|.m findln-f n ony to reflare tbe uwm
lit'' •'III!   I'.l-   ;-|t'
'.■lUMiii tl.it  1 i.
,  lli*   Jr-   ..:j. I     , i
r.i :..,.; ., i
,    .'. '.,i i   |.r n<->
, *   i ii.   ,.,
j,,.*,
l I'iii-r* >■
.-  il-r.l
• *.'       **.!J   !'
.,      I||« I- .
I'.l >!' I
I    eltl.li-
'•' .1 1,1'
, ■ I  -II-
\l -'
hi1,,
I'-.l ii
l  il
.   .: '!   i.i
;.,-...!!>:,
m < k.iii,* ■
i.'i r-'
■i ■   i <i'
.   • '.i
I <  111 \ .
.'ide'.-.' I'.'
... I   ill-   ■
ii.. r-
Kl'-H!
... ' 1'
., ■ > ,
■    '.jlil
I   "i.l
. • >).-i
■Aln:>
■'. il«i;
i
it
'«tn -.""i! ''.■•■ - ■ i -| i '
le* t>:»l>,t'it In «U(!l. ciiliilcii'lctiliV H hi*
iiuoini' Vf»ry i»o:*>«ljrr It l'*e>:,x \«»rv
i ell i-i jiriru ■ •» r- *i t* - V , nt * o
: mj nur .' i w s,.-t; er^ ;>' .> I n.i '•• \ < rv
,-inro hr> nl line*. Sm «ari i     «*i<t Ur*
t.
. a  •'■ .'  '."in in I f'»f th'--'   ii.
f'lHn-   1   A nil' I   'll'MMlH   till
\.   '   l S. '.   '.>     i. i .1    'min   t.,i
I'l *
11 "» III
, -il. »
!l Ml
.ti: '
irii.
..ii.|
• ''eel  tin'   IXti-rt.   ,9.     .,,,. ii;     ',    '
,   iirf.*-   ii-tii/.t-r   •*!«:»  re'i.itri-   i*.-   t-   Mr  s-niti.
in., .fin >}  *vi> c«;i!.iit a*') Hi'i! "l»;H'k
li tin* t.Hirt" 11 tlw *)lni!(»tt?    Win* t-
r;i
«it
l.l.tll ;.*,
iiki
fl:-<»
•v-r.-i m.iI th» is ij«
;•   I i o.'f-^r  .uii'
■■.   ">mt"» *M*>n»i * *r
nt. I -'u-fisir. ,*i.-, it I
n< «h'.» »«    1 nj
■*oluiii>»  tn it.:i»
I ,. ii,.,*,',,    I- mh '.,i m yt
jlt i* i~ee Uial la iw ;«»i*im^.. ».,:
.   ■«-,  ,i<   lionp Ii)   il*  t't ivlt.fitl i:
Mfi.nwr.! in tbe wr • *t «etil«a rat as
!t*rl*l *r4 »h»t em*, est ibtiio. b-i:
trrit fati of thnt uvali-rlal romt* tr >->
jiBoth^r provlme.  *nil (bear    il»!!.«t
f«.;nJi> hate it be ion,* at «p<nrt >>■ ■
' ,u,i j, *»» u, ««««-• tntmne trt*t* •*■ '
*tnr:e wmM nti b* xery ^tt*e*r.,l
■»-<li"i|ir*.i'l       T«-     or<j    sti-.>.
I'-tl-n      !: !s trm   that thou- ,.< ->
"•• i»...i wan! foo«!. ii-Wfilii» »r«l ■*';•'
I.Am   :iurkl l   lU.'   liifil    U.Ui)l,   91,
i* "t**s fi*\v t"ii-*tn It "n 'b* ni-'i'l
it", v*-\ ■*<-'; iftt* -1- j .f. \'j*. \\
t'i" mark*-! In  »b!«"b 'o wli li-wlr !.•■
T   i'-i*-T   J>   :':1)   JiliiiUl      1   ■&!,*   LtA
kitA/, t-%,-0 ihtrttixh t it #»» ,»pr} manv:-
,., Ujt-it <oul«l tuttrt'.* m ,i.t     mbi-ibtt
t .-* ..nUI lie *«wd t»i»ii««ii* f-»r ;h*"JB io f .IhhIkm!h   **,' i
XX* t'-ix tm'- TVt-t-% *r* iimi jn'.t4ti.i- uu><
r  nn Mis!i a*, i'jii- >*»»f*m tin**-, no* th* f fm;w>rtif *'•  ■• "
•l.ir   Hi'' \n\   I* " •
i""«i  nilil'"'"* i"  ■•
Pi \l  '.r.'l't'.tt \\ *   !
««>:i*#T*«iT n    t\*l.;
t !«•>■* d   In  the  Ci
»,"tl U'». 3f(, i,.
i> iii«'.%(f*l li. a ii, ,
»?i'ir«-   wjtn  tnuu   '
■*.•■,, u*t «Miilel l-it i
-„-.-*' i-i*    •)   '.• .   ..
''.'■'•    ti d;i>'>.   i,  '
: li»t lonf.     Th«  i
:■<■!' tHrjltii mru:     ,i
,'bf U*t U Im.,: ti.-
wwrniW   H<   ■ '■ -
Pn.i.
In'..-
u-.i t   •
IV
■'•I.) ..
; i  o ■
■•i;'>'.'.iii
..       I;.'   ■
•ll. •    l'J.    I
,.     i-.'W i
i,•!••     'I:
tl    '
'11    M.l.'i
li*'..     ,
10* h
i fi;
'A*>AAr:> i,\s-.,-
'Jf  '"ii-
:,,i.   -h.
*.A,i
•» I*
I   >
_J
j. D, yiiAiL
Hardware and  Furniture
T'lionr 37
FERNIE    -     B. C.
Too many ivf>m?ti strun-'sk
under pains and tithe*.
Thej j iv r.i /,' A   ft.. 11**.!*,
nennsrus, irritable.
.i*,,. it  >..*   • i  im i  i  i.,rl   i i'» '1
«ir«B£ta ihta cornea ly ttk»;«t
5COTT5 £:.VlS.lOK   It a3v»
■un-ztlhton tin mn-rn. e'nU i.V ap<
fni;.*. --iim-l tl - '* ■» tli* d«i^*>Mu
tttrfttt. -' r-tfi* tat".,   *   •
tri**** nr* f   , trnrr.t i'-
KING'S HOTEL
!*»«• ,■.
i'>l» j Unit re*.
ik.l?H.
A-y.Vt "■ •• x.j f-ct up
mm >vr- ttutm.
JSEiJSi —TZ3&L.Z
■'»
-ft I
-,*in
*"!
(Imt   »i,*>jttij-i|  with   \\it    t«»i   WjtM^i, ,
I^*|Uii*r* aimI ('»k«i*
f   OIM.M*  tltttiM   IN ruNNHCTIOM
•mo
9tM
*jAL.
w mai
fm
it fAfi*-
*$     t
^<y 'i
3e(^';*P^T *
•X
PAGE EIGHT
TBE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBER 14,1914
(t
i
**
Dry Goods
Department
LADIES' COATS
Over 60 coats go on sale
Saturday every coat good
style and excellent value,
A look will convince you
we are right. You will
find them in six different
lots.
10 Coats, reg. values )j40 to $50 .... ..for $30.00
8 Coats, reg. value *25 to *35     ..    ..for.$20.00
10 Coats, reg. value -tl8.50 to $22.50. .for $15.00
12 Coats, reg. value '$15 to $17.50        for $10.00
S Coats, reg. value $10.50 to $12.50       for $ 8.50
12   Coats, reg. value $8.50 to $10 for $ 5.50
HATS
28 Felt Shapes, all smart styles and good assortment of colors, value np as high as $3.50.
Special Price   ; $1.75
KNITTED TOQUES AND CAPS
A big assortment to select from.     These come
in all similes and styles.     Regular up to 75c.
Pay Day Special   45c.
LADIES' HEAVY CASHMERE HOSE
Here is a Buying Opportunity
For Men
A splendid quality and a good wearer; size 8',*!;
to It).
Pay Day Special  4 Pair for $1.00
BOYS' HEAVY ST0CKIN0S-25c. Fair
Come ill it good <|iiniil.v ni woraled; jiiM tile tiling
for hard aehnnl wear.     Regular Hae, pair.
Pay Day Bptctal   25c, pair
LADIES' HEAVY RIBBED UNDERWEAR
This i« a very *peeial line and « dandy wearer,
Come* in both whito and natural; Vent* and Draw.
«ra; aixea 514 to 40.
Pay Day Special  3 for $1.00
HEAVY   WHITE   WOOL   BLANKETS
Hia« fiO x SO.     Pure finish and an extra   good
quality.
Pay Day Special  13.76
o* t-oe-b tn,bthtf\t,m\fTW.-9-*m wnrAn for II 00
An «"*«ra a»tt, Ucc«>  iim»»; *»ry musuiuc tin*
ladiea' and children "a wear.    Come* in pale blue,
pink, white ami a big •wefinn of atrip**.
*wr Itow §oeH»l 8 for HOO
SATURDAY SPECIAL
Flannelette Tailored Waiata, neatly mad**; rcgii-
lar value, $1 JS j Special Price 75c.
A splendid chance to secure the very best grade
of winter wear at prices reduced to meet every
man's purse. Our big window displays a few
specimens'of the great range of Suits and Overcoats on sale Saturday.
MEN'S SUITS
Kvery Suit offered is guaranteed first-class in
very detail and (unbraces all lines of high grade
tweeds, worsteds and serges, in a great variety of
patterns. These suits sire made in the three-button,
single-breasted style, and wc carry all sizes from
32 to 44.
The prices for Saturday only will be very attrac-
live, ranging from $7.50 to $20.00.   This will in-
l.»/l«   O.-tli-,.  ..,^„nl,   m-.^  1-'~\.   r„ APT Kn
BUY YOUR WINTER SUIT NOW
MEN'S OVERCOATS
Have you seen our new stock of Overcoats? The
greatest variety of styles aiid cloths we Imve ever
shown are now on display, and the prices are low,
but our Saturday price will be still lower.
Tbo styles shown are up-to-the-minute, shawl coin's, belted backs; also convertible collars and box
backs.    See some of these styles on display in our
window.    All j-iizes: 34 to 44 chest measurement*!
Prices ranging from ,$8.00 to $25.00
BUY NOW AND SAVE MONEY
Suits $7.50 • $20 Overcoats $8
Men's Mitts & Gloves
.Men's heavy wool working Mills, made to stand
Koine wear: a good raittfc of nihil*-* in two-pty«cuv^
t/Hivv ply.   <>u «\\U Kitturday ut.....,...,. ,48c, pair
Men's Fine Gloves
A fine warm diva* (Hove .jierfect fitting, good
paring and warmly lined.    These are made from
a first elms grade of mocha in tan nnd brown atari*
ca.    Our S«*.wiW I'ricu will U< 76c. pair.
Shoe Department
MEN'S DRESSY TAN BOOTS
Heavy double side, Tali Calf hutton and Ulucher
Hunt*, made on three different last*, with medium
n*r high h**h.   Regular, f* *f3..1ft anni ftf •lw*'*.
Spatial Saturday tad Monday pair $S.75
MlUi'ft f ££&*}!»
Men'* well nailed Pit Roots, made in heavy eroraa
and split lent hen} good, serviceable   Boots   for
heavy wear.    Regular valine fnnn t&Sft to #3.76.
Special fay Day Frfc-t .      .....pair $3.06
Men's High Boots
Men'* *tan, high-cut Boots, witb TO inch top*,
heavy double aolea, guaranteed to give perfeet
satisfaction.   Regular, ttipair.
Spedal Saturday and Monday pair HM
BOYS' AMD MUSIS' BOOTS
Ikiy*' bum, 11 to 1. thtm ans udd Iin**, Milt*
able for w*t weather; made with heavy aolea and
uppers, will stand rough wear. Regular value
fisr* to *2.7.Y
Special Pay Day Pries
twateme ^amewemw.
^*»w»««   et***, »» w ■», turnu*  m ugiit wua itemsy
A-9.hu*a*, ****** mtt%>i****i* v******** mtivm. itetfUMtr tiUUfft
to #4.01)
.............pair >fl.fw
*nt*
m*M^j!^*A_^rt   _t__mmi w^bmem mmmAtrnt^
■ptoMi rej my fino .......
»1,"».!..» .,,.,-t rk*..tv* *-"h' - -   <■';•
are made in Mark and tan (fathers; button and
llliieher styles; In heavy box «-alf, erome and fW
kid lest hers.
Sptdal Pay Day Mm pair $1.76
Our Pay-Day
Grocery Specials
.10 Hoses Okanagan Russet Apples, per bo$ . .$1.10
25 Hoxcs Okanagan Snow Apples, per box... 1.25
Robin Hood Cream of Wheat, 3 pkgs 25
Robin Hood Porridge Oats, 2 pkgs 55
Canada First Condensed Milk, per tin 10
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz., 8 tins - 25
Laurentia Milk, large size, 2 tins 25
Hraid's Big Four Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs.    .75
Snider\s Tomato Catsup, pints 30
Roquefort Cheese, per lb ''.    .40
Silver Label Flavoring Extracts. 4 oz 15
Cooking Eggs, 3 dozen  1.00
Selected Eggs, 2 dozen 76
Canada First Jam, 5 lb. pails 60
"•!'•-«. 3 lb. tins. Kelowna Hrand 25
Apricots. 31b. tins, Hunt 'a 30
California Cooking Figs. 2 lbs 25
California Black Figs. 2 lbs r   .25
California Table Figs, per lb  '. .20
Cranberries, per lb  10
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 lb. tins. 2 for 35
Imperial Maple Syrup, quarts 25
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lbs 75
.Canned Teas. 2's, Standard 10
Canned Peas. Early June. 2 for 25
Okanagan Onions, 12 lbs 25
British Columbia Carrots, lo lbs 25
British Columbia Turnips. IG lbs     .25
British Columbia Parsnips, .10 lbs 25
British Columbia Red Cabbage, per lb 02y8
British Columbia While Cabbage, pep lb 02
British Columbia White Cabbage per 100 lb. 1.50
Buy a box of British Columbia Apples, they are delicious and the most economical food you can use.
PATENT MEDICINE PAY DAY SPECIALS
Castoria. per bottle  ,    .25
Seidlitf, Powders, per pkg 16
Scott's Emulsion, largo size   75
Beef Iron and Wine, ll? oz 60
Mennen's Talcum Powder, per tin  ,.    .16
Gin Pills  40
Zam link 40
Linseed and Turpentine Cough Syrup 20
Irish Linen Writing Pads, large size 16
Imperial Ivory Writing Pads, large «ize 15
Turquoise Bond Writing Pad* 20
Osgood* Bond Envelope. 6 pkgs     .25
Banker's Bond Envelope*, 4 pkg*. , 29
School Exorcine Hooks, h for ,     .16
Military. Kxereiwe Hooka, 4 for .,     ,18
BEDS AND BEDDINO
Five only, white enamelled iron lleda, bras* trimmed; aire*. 4ft. and 4ft. fiin.j regular. M.7.1. nt $3.00
Fibre Mattir**. wool faced both Mtlea and edge»,
all aiaea; regular -fft.ftO nl HW6
WJ*it* enawelM Criba. fitted with drop aide*
mml « €?»*;«♦ ***»*!Ar*. e***?^**    •-%«• *» fi   <••     *      f w -ft *■
Tbe anew will toon be hew and we have just tfee
ngat mtetyto tor «»e littte one. Hebf Mtefgtm, either
nphoUt.TwI or plain, with hood or without; finMed
in green or rrd. Hleda of all dMeHptiom al prieea
front wO. vp.
Doll Cab. lor tke little girl*.
The Store of
Quality
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Saving Prices
tm^ril
y^ii*--"---j*i^-»j*j**'«

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
https://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0309004/manifest

Comment

Related Items