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The District Ledger Feb 27, 1915

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Industrial Unity Is Strength
No. 27, Vol. Vm.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 27, 1915.
- Agreement
Political Unity Is Victory
5
Fernie To Be
Next Meeting Place
Friday
At the morning session International
Hoard .Members P. Farrington, A, Wilkinson and R. I-I. Harland of Districts
12, 27, and 10 respectively, were accorded vote and voice.
Quite a lively, discussion ensued regarding the talcing up of compensation
cases, -but was finally disposed of without any change being effected, hence
Article 10,-SecUon 7 of the Constt u-
tion reni-aliis unchanged.
The subject of the District Leogoi
was dealt with in relation to the method -to be adopted regarding the engagement o-f aa editor when it -was decided that his election should not be
by popular vote. The motion made
for the government of correspondent!:,
which reads as follows: "That no correspondent be aillowed to divulge nny
matter of an executive nature, unless
authorized to do so by his Local Union/ was carried.
Under the head of appeals and giic-
vauces the following resolution was
read and thoroughly discussed.
"At a special meeting of Gladstone
Local held In Fernie on Sunday,
February 14, the following was adopted :
"That whereas there are u great
number of men out of employment
as a resul-t of the explosion In IJ
North mine, and consequently great
distress*, prevails, moved and seconded that we appeal to the District for
aid to support our members ana'
families that are in distress, nnd
secretary send in the appeal immediately. /Trusting that vou will bring
having heard the explanation from
President -Phillips, that it .be left In his
hnnds for settlement, it was moved and
seconded to adopt thc report of the
committee.
After a brief discussion, during
which an amendment as follows was
introduced:
That owing to the undue advantage taken by the operators' in the
settlement of our disputes, which
slates men must continue to work
till a settlement of a dispute is
reached, and In some instances men
are -working for months in deficient
places without earning sufficient to
enable them to live, we request the
following be inserted in the agreement at the end of Clause "D" In
settlement of local and general disputes: "Should any' miner or miners
case not be decided at the end of
one month from the day such grievance Is submitted, it is hereby agreed
that should any miner or miners leave
the company's employ after that
period, he shall maintain his or their
right to collect all shortage due after
such dispute Is adjusted."
and was fully considered. The original motion was put to a vpte and was
Carried.
Moved by Chairman Barwick, seconded hy I. II. M. Rees that the Repnr. of
the Appeals and Grievance Coawilttne
bo adopted as a whole Carried.
Fraternal Delegate Farmllo roun
took the chair.
Moved by Delegate Johnson (seconded) that the nratter of appointing tho
f-tcn'p   f!miimlttcp   -ho   HffoH    frnni   tha
information tendered. them would; re-
quesc the President lo state if any
statistics had been compiled to aiij Cr'C
Scale Committee at our forthcoming
conference with the operators. We
are prompted to ask by the fact that
definite instructions upon this subject
were given a-t the Convention of 1912.
Moved mid seconded to adopt the re-
pnrt of the committee.
President Phillips advised the Convention what lie had done iu this connection, und after considerable discussion, during which the records of the
ICleventh Annual Convention were referred to, and then the motion that discussion should cease was put to a vote
and was Carried.
The original motion was then put to
a vote and was -Carried.
'Moved ahd secon'ded to adopt the
President's Report as a whole. Carried
Vice-President's Report
Your committee consider that the
first part of tills report has (been dealt
with in the President's Report.
-Moved and seconded to adopt the
committee's report Carried.
Re New Work Agreement Beaver
Mines
After some discussion the following
motion was put to a vote—
1,'hat this matter be referred to
tho Scale Committee  Carried.
Re Nordegg Mines, Brazeau
Your committee, in view of the successful organization of this camp, beg
to commend the Vice-President upon
his participation ln the above.
Moved and seconded to adopt the
report of the committee Carried.
Re Corbin
'Yoilr committee recommend that the
Convention go on record in no uiiii.!-
tain terms iu condemning Corbin L.)cr.i
, this matter before the, Convcitloii,
and tfcust tc receive satisfactory reply.   J°beg«to remain,
Your3 fraternally,
■   '^'v*,  !   -rflii^\eaj Tho«, Uphill, Sec.'
Tljii above was supplemented by a
ve,*b»l appeal of liko nature by Delegate Allett on belie tf of Frank (Alia.)
Tho commltteo ulld not con-cur, but
recommended "that we are In entire
sympathy wtlh tho appeal, but recommend   that   tbe   District   Executive
Board take the matter tip immediately
with tiie Provincial and Federal governments snd seo that each camp get
an equal share of any grant that may
tie made according to the number of
cases of distress prevailing.   This ra-
commendation -was carried
Afternoon Session
The afternoon was taken up by the
delivery of addresses firstly by I. B. M.
Harland-, who was followed by I. H. M.
Wilkinson, mie courtesy waa also extended to Bro. rotter, President of
District 88.  This concluded. I. B. M.
Frunk Partington then delivered a len-
ti\hy mA lnlurojUug address In which
he rov|s»ed the orgaiilxatiou of Uie
mineworkers oa this continent from
1819. and carried same through ltd different states until tke Inception of tho
United .Mine Workers of America In
ISOO.    Tbo rocont strikes on Vancouver Wand sad la ths State of Colors-
do and Ohio were also diluted upon.
Ur. A. fletmllo, Secretary   of   the
Alberts federation of Ubor, address-
*'d tbe .meeting sud In tbe course or
hi* remarks osptslned tlie attitude of
the Federation upon tbe unemployed
•meat Ion, what tbey hsd accomplished
and whsl tbty hoped to do to further
relieve tiie sltnstlon.  The sddreis was
indicative of tbs sggretslre attitude
adopted by tba A. F. of L. sad If bat
half of tbs Provincial -Government's
promises la relieving unemployed materialise, tben this organisation   oatt
claim to have schist ed much.
A rote ot thanks wss tendered the various speakers st th* eonefoslon of
their addresats.
Ths Convention sdfoaroed st 6 p.m.
Re Co-Operative Societies
Your committee recommend that the
Convention discuss this tjuestion in its
relation to the Trades-Unionist, movement.
This matter was discussed from various angles by Delegates Nugent, Price,
Barwick, Martin, Wheatley, Vice-Pres.
Graham, Hoard Member llaysoin, Delc-
Sitites Heard, Oakes, I. H. M. Ilarland,
and an amendment as follows was
moved and seconded:
That this Convcntio'ii shall go on record thai they do not consider this an
opportune time to -favor the Co-Opera-
ti\c movement   Carried.
Re Loans to Fernie and Coalhurst
Locals
Your committee recommend the adoption of the suggestion made by the
District Secretary-JTreasurer that these
•be placed to a suspense account. Carried.
Re Sick and Accident Societies
Moved and seconded to adopt the report of tite committee.
After a lengthy discussion during
which a large 'number of the delegates
took part, the chairman ruled that the
report of the committee in this connection, ns a whole* was before Uie
house, and that it must lie dealt .with
accordingly, after which the appointment of the committee would be the
next question.
The motion to adopt the committee's
report was Carried.
■Moved and seconded ihat the appointment of the committee be left in
the   hands   of  the  Executive   Hoard.
Carried.
Delegate Martin movod (seconded)
that the rules of order he suspended in
order that this Convention deal with
the matter of Brother II. Rimer's In-
cerceration at the military detention
Union for violating the laws of the Dis- camp at Vernon, B.C Carried,
irlct respecting contracts. I. H. 31. Iteos. then ad-Irosseil the Con
—3-Josfsd—a«4—seconded—to—adopt—ibe*
Ths Pmtleat, s»<m calling ibe assembly to order at t.tl, Informed tbe
delesstss thst Deeretsry fsrter hsd
rereiret a written rwiuett frost U tf,
Pntiu-tm, attorney*. to nddrnsa ths Con-
tentlon oa tb* sabjtct of eosapssss-
.,,,i. . **.. ..im,...*.,   ,<**,<^«    ,WH,^.i .9it.,'irlr-,r  91, rtintu^, I
t,   rfr   ■ffi»rIX^9   ft-iO-r'l   t|,*,rt   -t-(Mift(*fl
th»t tb# Convention !<*»• he! esteafl.
(his privilege,  ^lotion rsrrted
TM fWlowInt grievsne* from
ftwfktt»w« (Altai Uesl Hn. mt,
lable  Carried,
Some discussion then took place re
this matter and the following amend,
mont was thou put to a vote
"That tJie",Si>»k Committee, consisting of seven members be appointed from the floor of the Convention
Carried,
The chairman then announced that
nominations wero In order nnd after
several had been nominated somo discission ensued and lt -was arranged
-tint the following Bhould comprise the
Benin Committee, and that they report lo the Convention as soon ns possible,
It, Oakes (convenor) Unnkhend; J.
Burke, Bellevue; H, Beard,-Miohel; .1.
A, Price, Carbondale; B. Nugent. Tab-
er; J. (Morris. Nordegg; .1. l-oughran,
Heaver Mines.
Report of Committee on Officers'
Reports
Report of District President
Rn Settlement of Disputes and Mint-
mum Wage Clsuae.—Yonr commutes
recommend that these matters be discussed In conjunction with tho Scale
Committee's Report.
Moved snd seconded to adopt the
report of the committee Carried.
Rs Hlllcrest Strike
Your commlttse regrets thst the
laws ot Canada are such that we have
to sacrifice our principles as an organisation   In  order  to  protect   the
rights of tboae who were made widows
and orphans by this disaster. We sUo
recommend that tn future before strikes of this nature are sanctioned, et'ery
phase of the situation he discussed
and when s strike has been Inaugurated tbst It be fought to the bitter, end.
Moved snd seconded the adoption ot
Ihe committee's report ...... Carried,
Rs Hlllcrsst Relief Fund
Your committee believe that this
matter will be best considered under
the gecretsrjr-Treaaurer'a Report.
Moved and seconded the adoption of
the commits*'* report.—.. .Carried.
Rs Importation of Coal
Your committee recommend tbst tbe
Kxsrotire Board draw tbe attention
of the ttoawiaio* GutetnoKSt, snd tbst
Is fwtnrw statUtlcs be compiled In tbe
met rlct Office shewing ss fsr ss possible tbe smonnt of cost Imported In
conipetiUuu with the product of this
Wstrfet.
•Moved and seconded tbe adoption of
ternaiional Union of the United- Brewery Workmen of America introducing
the following resolution and requested
ilie pleasure of the Convention:
Whereas the Prohibition mo\u-
ment has proven to be very detrimental to the International Union oi
the United Brewery Workmen of
America;
Therefore' be it resolved that the
delegates assembled in the miners'
Convention of District 18, do give
their moral support to the -Brewery
Workers' Union in their present
struggle against Prohibition in Uie
Province of Alberta.
.Moved nnd seconded that this matter be referred to the respective local
unions for consideration Carried.
The President then announced the
receipt of a communication from J. O.
Jones as follows:
"W.  L. Phillips,  Pres.  District  IS,
"Dear   Sir,—Would    you   kindly
make lt clear to the Convention what
was my attitude in the ioea: controversy in fairness to myself, as some
have been  casting    remark's    that
would reflect on n:o.'   Thanking you
ln advance.
"Yours truly,
(Signed) J. 0. JOXBS.
"Lethbridge, Alta."
After a brief discussion this question was allowed to drop.
Report of District Secretary-Treasurer
(Continued.)
He Exoneration:      Your committee
is of the opinion that the Hoard um
the right thing in this matter.
Moved and seconded to adopt the
report of the committee Alter a
brief debate this was put to a vote and
was  Carried.
He Financial Report: Your com-
mittee are of the opinion that these
matters should be left an open question for Uio Convention.
report of the Editor Manager. .Carried.
Moved and seconded to adopt the
report of the committee as u whole.
Carried.
Executive .session
The report of the Scale Committee
ivas then taken into consideration r»
the iii.:iul i-.atise it; tht existing agree-
The committee on Officers' Reports  ment.
was then discharged hy the chairman.
Delegate iMartin moved, seconded,
that the motion re the defense fum; oe
lifted from the table  Carried.
Moved and seconded that thc per
capita and defence fund remain as at
present.
A lengthy discussion took place in
connection with this matter, and tlie
following amendment was moved and
seconded.
.That the defence fund be reduced to
25 cents.
Moved and seconded as a substitute
motion to delete the clause relating to
the defence fund  Carried,
However, on a standing vote benife
taken tbe result wns eight Tor 'and
eleven against, and therefore the substitute motion was   Lost.
•.Moved and seconded as an amend-
ment to the amendment by Delegate
Smith, seconded by Delegate Martin,
that the figures •>» be deleted and the
figures 10 be inserted.
Some discussion then ensued, during
which tlie expenses of the District Officers were the principal topic, and
then the amendment to the amendment was put to a vote and was..Lost.
Tho amendment reducing the defense fund from its present amount to
'Str, icents was then put to a vote ana
was , Carried.
A standing vote was taken ou Oils
and it was again  Carried.
A roll will wa» (alum but with the
same result.
An attempt was made to bring forward a motion relative to the reduction of the defence fund question being referred to a referendum, but this
j was ruled out of order
committee's report.
A lengthy discussion ensued relative
to this m-att'-r during which the delegate from Corbin Local stated that his i
views 'Were In.♦*,o?*{*.fr-i/>Itv with the re-i
commendntion of the 'committee,' the j
motion was put to a vote aud wns'
Carried. I
Re Hillcrest Oleaster
Your committee approve of the action taken by the Executive ln engng
Ing nn export and takes this oportunity
of registering Its disapproval with the
Alberta Government in refusing to
comply with our very reasonable request that a man with a knowledge of
mining be appointed on the commission of enquiry.
•Moved and seconded to adopt the
report of the committee Carried.
Re Drumheller Field
The committee recommend that a
practical effort be mado to organlie
thia field,
Moved and seconded to adopt the report of the committee.
Convention adjourned at 12 .15.
Afternoon Session
Chairman Farmllo called the Con"*n.
lion to order st 115 and announced
that the Drumheller Meld prgan'aa-
(Ion was still before the house.
Moved and seconded that th-e Executive Board appoint Delegate Harries
lo proceed to Ihe northern field to cr-
B»nl*e. •*
Further discussion took place and
other amendments were Introduced. It
was then moved snd seconded as n
»iihttltiiti» motion, for all motion-* *v-nd.
Ing, ss follows:
That the question of orsanlsliiK >t*e
northern fields be left tn the hands
of the District Executive Bosrd. Carried.
A roll call wss taken but tbr previous balloting wsa sustained.
Rs bnmitvn Aet
-V*&}lt4e»l-?Sg*aiSriiiH-t"li'ia inattei TSpraln**""
ing it thoroughly to the delegates and |
then moved (seconded) the following
motion:
Wheieas our Brother, Herman
Elmer, ex-sec t-o tui-v of -.Michel Local
Un Ion 1s now'lnJ%ft.orati'd at Vernon
military camp, as a prisoner of war,
and whereas his alleged crime w-\>
that certain rt-murks of his were ot
:i seditious nature, and whoroas wo
reallzo 'thut said remarks wore purely and solf-ly anti-war from nn International standpoint and.nol. in any
way pro-Herman, and whereos IiIh
statements woro in perfect harmony
with the laws laid down by the II. C.
Federation of Labor, the International Executive Board, luid tlio principles of trade unionism in general,
and whereas tho method of laying
Information against him was sinister
and despicable, to say the least, and
whereas we feel tlm! our discussions
In our local unions should not be
public* property, nnd those who divulge the business arc violating this
obligation taken upon Initiation,
Therefore, be It resolved, that wo
vigorously protest against the action
of the military authorities for Imprisoning our brother, especially
wben we know full well his actions
have nt all times been above suspicion, and thst bla dsliy actions were
peaceable and law-abiding, and -be ll
further rusolvud that wo send a copy
of the foregoinn resolution to thc
military authorltlee at VletorUt, nml
to the Dominion headquarters, with
«, vio'ir to oMftlv.!' g I'U rcl-GAftC.
After tbls had been thoroughly dis-
• is»ed It ws* put to i v.Hi« and writ
unanimously  Carried
Rs Unemployed
Moved and seconded to adopt the re
port ot tbe committee.
Delegate Louahran. however, made a
lengthy address In tbls connection snd
—■,Phe^i3estiOn^*e-itiraTici3i~TeiJoT't—wire"
-Mscm-sril :ti length. Delegates Smith,
N'ugcnt, Barwick, Martin, Johnston,
(iiirbett. Archer Secretary Carter I. n.
.M. Hees. President Phillips, Delegates
nullify. Harries, B. M. Wheatley, Delegates B-'tir.l and Price, dur-'i'T wlrcl.
the following motion was Introduced.
"That steps be taken to force the
collection of individual loans made
from tlio District Funds."
Carried.
Delegate Garbett then endeavored to
Introduce the motion that an itemized
statement of the of/leers' expenses
be furnished to each local, hut upon
Secretary Carter advising lilm that
this could be obtained any time upon
request, the motion was regularly with
drawn,
Ito Auditors' Report: Open ques-
tion of the committee.
In this connection a lengthy and
heated discussion ensued, relative to
the $20,000 loan advanced to the Gladstone Locitl on the Minors' Hall ut
Fernie.
Moved and seconded to adopt the
Auditors' Roport as a whole.
An amendment was Introduced hy
Detntate Iterwlck seconded: "That
two members of the Diitrict Executive
Bosrd inquire into the affairs of (Hailstone Local Union." Carried
Original Motion aa amended,Carried
Report of International Board
Msmbsr
Moved and seconded to adopt the
committee'* report. The recommendation being "That the committee beg
:o lumajtrt-J Bro. llu.* tut 'An iipon
and recommend the adoption of It nn
ti  whole   Carnwi
Rotky Mountain Association
Convention
Your committee would retommend
that no delegate In future be sent to
this Convention.
TlTFTiWventloiTTunbiirne^at-!^.].^
aft i'i' :i motion to suspend tht- rules of
order to recoinene ttt l.:'.u
llo.ii.-ver, a lengthy discussion took place and t!:s question relative to the motion passed on the second d.iy's wjis legularly moved and
seconded to be reconsidered. .Carried.
lt was then mo\ed aud ^ecottdet! that
this resolution i.No. -ll oe altered to
read "That we strike ou-. the words
one from overy Local' and insert We ,
words "leu to be elected from the
:loor of tite Convention."'
ivj'gate Haysom moved, seconded,
as ;tii amendment as follows:
Thnt the Scale Committee lo meet
the operators be comprised ot two
members from each .sub-district, and
the resident officers, m'jking a corn- ,
mittee of twelve."
The intent of this motion being that
this committee consist of the President, Vice-President, Secretary, international Board Mem-jer aud two representatives from each sub-district.
A motion to suspend the rules of
order until this question was settled
was piu to a vote ami was Carried.
After further discussion lu this connection the amendment by Delegate
llnysoin was put to a vote and was
Carried.
Tlie original motion as amended -was
then put to a vote and was . .Carried.
Adjourned at 5.10 p.m., to reconvene
at !' a.m. Tuesday, February -3rd.
Eighth Day—Morning Session
-TGiiventiiin iu executive session
After soiii'.- fopiiitl disciibBion re t:,e
ifiv-sability m tl.sc.ussing scale m*.t-
lev- in His Convention, a motion i.as
regularly ni'-ve-r and ieconded that tho
S'"'le Comn.i-.:«"e have pl."i*a»*y power:;
to negotiate un f-sreem'eiir, to be ratified by referendum vote. The intent of
the motion being that fiu-h snb-iHstrlct
_\vonhl_il|>iPiis!5 thfiir iorritl  liiiyinaHriim.	
etc., ill caucus, and the general Scale
Committee  would  iu«cl    in    Calgary -
Uur committee recommend that ihU then moved (seconded! the following
convention go on record ii favoring j motion in tbe form of an amendm-unt:
lhe repesi of this Act Carried,!   That In vew of the Industrial ttepren*
AIH«rU FederstUn of Leber-Its Un- slou whlrh l» unprecedented in the ins-
employment . tor? of IMatrict li. we believe tb* time
Vonr comnltteo epproves of the ef-jhss come when onr District Executive
torts put forward by the Federation.. »hmild appeal to the International Y.x*
^carding relief for unemployed sndiw-mlve Itrard m *>«* t*xnn*r*i*il nt the
dcalrss to commend tbem upon tbe re-j<*artle*t s-tMslbi*- date froni pay In* the
•nit* already obtained, and wonld re-.fifty cent* apc-Ma! levy, iititl that tli<>
commend our DUtrUt Hoard to co-op-1 fifty tent* jt rm-mber per mom ft lw
orate with tlio Federation In this mat-f pnid. lulu » s«niu-r."i,t* fiMwl to lw wwl
tor until coodlUons again become nor-. In tutor* for the benefit or the unnni-
, pioym. i
, itttitm nitvli it tta*,regular-!} moved
j>.m.
Carried, j
Afternoon  Session
Culled to order al l.:!3.
Continuation of Repcrt of Csnati-tutli-i
Committee
President's lecoiniiifiiilittioii Xo. 7:
Committee recommended lhat litis be
added to Article ti, Section  I.
The motion to adopt the report "f
the committee after it brief discussion
was put to a vote and waf Carried.
President's recommendation Xo. •!:
Moved nnd seconded (hot the recommendation of the District President be
accepted and Inserted In Article (l, Sec
tion ;l of the Constitution ....Carried.
Article XI.. Section .1: Committee
recommends striking out $:i.i.ifi per column and Inserting 12.00 per column.
Curried,
Article XI.. Section ll:    Committee
recommends that the figures ll.-oo he
struck out und the Humes $i.:,i> lie inserted.
Moved  nnd  seconded  in adopt   Hie
report of the committee.
After a Bhort discussion the foiio>»
Ing amendment was Introduced*.
That Article XI.. Section tt, he amended to read $1,50 shall be charged
to nil subscriber* residing outside
the Dominion of Canada —Carried.
Original   motion  ns  amended   wns
then put to a vote and , .Carried.
Article XII: Your committee recom-
j mend that the word "proper" he tn- j
*ert«d on line seven after the word i
j  in       «'«rne>i |
Article H: After some .UscuhkIoh it!
; a .'i.s moved ,tn<| m unj.U'il Ci.it Ail.t>-
j 20, Station l». of tlie Internuttoiitil ("on- -
j ntltutlon be Inserted In  ihe District \
(•(HUtililllOlt   A Illl   the   i-llbul ilill Kill   "I
j Hie word "District" for tbe wunl "in i
•♦•mnilonal," and the year being ult-er
.Carried.!
t»topt   t.i'-1
Moved and seconded to adopt thejed io ihe curretil >ear 	
report of the eommltt.ee ..... .-Carried,!    Moved an-) seconded u,
l, II. II. Uses then, upon request, j r«';»<»rt of Hn* Consti'utloit
was permitted bj the chairman to In-1 i« % whole
trnduee the fntlowins tjtertal resoln ■    tit*b t--,rt* CsrW-H •*■*- u«,
Hon: ] -facial privileg* t<« bring
lie It resolved thnt  we un*  muire-.ihiil.it!   thiil   t'-e   tVtmt
«•«, lu^woit* • *ma*tt*t, ...... ******t*m.^ mmt.
tit' Dhi.'hl Lttit^tt'- it',,i-ni. .-..'.J #t'.iwvi*.'*f...t Ut ,n^i«.   n!»-fi
Vmr caoiwlUw «»4**»rse lite -jurfky j i-ammMm't tifmi ..........Carried.
of tbs p»P*r„ to Its smlNrilttstiMtte I   CbiUmsiBi Ibarfce t*#* mmttt tbm wt-
prosrsiMM. snd thst the Matter of (option ef tbe report of tbe Vle*-t*e*l.
•ubtcrtptlon rates outalde the Ibmlit- j dent ss a whole     Carried,
,. rt*. i*»t.9t*..99i »wtk ^ ^;„>0,.;   ...   w^.v   CMMtM.^-*,    ii(Hi#ikii.».fcH*Mi**'**MSi*iy-*i»eiMfc.
Wberesa tb* eosl tommoy o*p*rai-
Sag In fleorgstown ta 'totaling tbe
present sgrswaacnt by Imposing dock
saw to the ewtent -al IS lbs, per mr,
or IW lbs. por ton. snd whereas tbla
matter bsa bee* Is -nUiim for *me | ftenri ssk for sn ttmmotmeot ot tbe I -nett ot tk* rtmmtit**, net <tft*r n bri*i
mentb u * wH-vjmw*. we nml&l Minm Ml. MSktsg U obUcatoi? on ib«'rdt»<-saeloii this wsa pnt <o s rots snd
ww nrpm this -Con-ventlon tbe n-e-'CoaT CiwwwmJws to fnrniab *mrb M-itii r******!
emmf ttt msMng j»mW« f«r *str* Ifiloyw wit* » rrrpy tit ssM »H. ]       H* tnmptmntion Afretmtnt
grlevsacws Is be prwaocsriM wltbj   Moved snd swrsw-fe*! tbe sdeflhM off   Yonr Mimtnittee api»rove of the •--
gmrnm   Mi0tii*tbi   l»   mt   ■ftrn'mt-itk* tummtwe*'* mmt, eorri*&.iitoi> ot l*   Itvnrtl in thin tmnmr
ftfnwtt-tM. R* WafstWbif sf tttym Afrsstttswt   i   Mme*l j.*.*' mumtl-ni to adopt iim m*
Tbe   ewaaasU-fse   -rtwowni#n4   sftsrf   Vowr ewasaMlNNn-sat hntia* b-td db#'tj>*»f* *t ■>%* r*mmf*'*w   ...      *r*tt***,
I
iiwj*I *-i-ici(ii»i|*f>! *(i' MwjifWifl |ji«r v-mta-). -n-f
order and rontlnn«» In session until thia
matter wa* d!-posed of...—Carried.
** I mm ASHtiMitHM^tt -wm imntt* put \u m
Cornnittew. | Rs Hlllcrest Relief rond \ vote wss ......'. Lot!
Moved snd stranded the adoption of j    Vottr committee recommend tbat the j    The orltlnsl motion was then *oteit
the committee's report. Cerrled. j money now held by tbe District be left j tm snd was Curried
fit tdssstlen nml Leftatstten      | in tnelr rbanrt ss per snggestlon.      j   flcfuisriy moir A and seconded that
Ue fe^ommend  tbat  the  District j   Moved snd seconded to adopt tb* re- j tbls Conr*niiftn «d|onra fat s.ir, pm t
it* rttermri*tt*
itt. 1*15. ....
.f *' * tr
 Csrrfed.
eotlimtll-'i'^
Carrie 1 !
■•■■   ;*'()!')?• ' :
fornsrd »
i'i|1?ri»l     ti >
l»rltil<>d  also  In   ilt««  vnrloii*  remMr-t
fiircltfli UligllAg<ei>. 'nit lilt* lte*.>m.   * »■*
tabled.
The aimiKUUiit'iil ol the U*>*»i4i> .*..--!,
tor aij prnvtded l» iim-fiidment i<> ui»
i'*ut.«Ut-ittiuii *,»ft then >.it^i'ler-'t. *t,l
Uralfattttli*.  Iliirlfe   ■»•*«  (•!.■-''-n.i    »■»<■*«. -r-,.,  !
McVati Ix-int * lios^n as fi'iferwM**
The *rtfi*^-j»l 4'nmmtiU'*- n* i>r»vid*'»*
fi Artirie XI. -Meetton J. wa» elwted.
, ,tiUi,,U»itiSi iii 3%W-»lJ.e» 'ii*invtn. lM-.e><»
laud Oaken, sltlt Dele-u-xU* MrNah i»eo
('..; »|J.'*»■«■  ||jtk'l«v'*' >»f I', n*"*'    ti.  -*'"•
\ nsif-t.
Fraternal IV!**«s!-'-*. Fannilo and At*
tori Ihen addre«*nl *.'-i* t'otitentien.
SfVfMTM  DAV—MemMf bmntm
rrwsMra* Pfcllllps f«IM tne rmtni-n-
(ton to ot-at-r i.U a.m. and »nno«n--*l
tb* tfte'att of a «aHM»-«nl-«titky» from
%-ti* t*t*4-ir%t,:%f:ff fl»lg>i»**»V -ft Wr* ff;
every endeavor to bave our National
Organustlot! sdop' a pollry at tft»»:»
licit Convention   whereby sit em-
tra* t* »ili i-M'-H" m thi; same tima.
aid that the logical time to be ae-
l»'*vt#4 I* tb* early fall, -Iwe*n*e of
lhe market sdrnntate* tbnt tbt* Inil
present*    And furth-pr. thai w* prut-
mux tnm leMiiutitHi tu u»e ih tu Ue
t«rnat*ionsl  Conventlen   for setion
Ihtnmi ■ - - ■ -■ - •  * .--... (";*i:ry**i.
Tsllsrs* Rtpsrt
Vour louMil'.i*** '•t-'t-iMimftui I'* »-i-
option   *..., —    -t**rt«en,
Idlter-Managar'a Report
Vour ei>mn)l«i->'e •refrntmen't It* ed*
option. i    A lensth)- dl-tcti-sinn rn*ii"«l rebiUe
Cons!ter*a''i!e dla-t asttton tflok plscv.t** it-e apin'utiijwni ut ,* del^vat-e tu,
!n tills connection *bcn the foite*l»R| th*- Aim nit Convention of tb* CnUed .
'lis   '-if "ri, fill*,1 ,f' ?"ii": * ■■ ;"     1. ' * .   '. x'.i .   .     ..,'-: ,',    I -i '., ,,-,:,
Thai the edli**r of de  IHstrlrt ■ \ngent was th* nitanimona cholee.
V-'-f^tT     '.I  .: S'        **.«'        ^'..li    .*      :'.'t  ,.-.   , *-**.*       i .4^., .*..,♦„      ...       ....       .***     ,,**      *  till-
iiteh on nil lift*** tbnt are not at an* w»iiie«- being aafcH to irptm snnounc-
ltt«nntr*lv< .:>t edn^aflon*! »*ltse. *r**d'--< t^m be <*-*)■! w«.»ke „-»  ;*ttct *,
prior to nitetina the operatoi*« in order
ty formulate our demands.
Other mailers lncldti.t to the clojt-
itiic of the convention uere ihcu taken
'i't and-'lisposud.of, ini-ladi«v, votjen ot
Urnnl-u- to the Li'thhridse J'radfc/s and
Labor Cuuncil for thc uae*or the I^irhnr
t'ouiiitil lor the use of the Lauor Temple atiil the ciucrtuiiimeu provid-i-l ll»*
delejfatt-s; aluo the fraternal delegates
lor their add rows and counsel.
Calvary and Ferule were placed in
Humiliation for the Convention city
for ll*Iti, hut after IndeKato Smith and
I. il. .M. UeoH had expatiated upon the
advuiiiaiieit anil beauties* ol Fertile, and
promised the delegates a right, royal
welcome, Ft-rnie watt mado the umtnt.
moiiH choice by the Convention,
Several announcements .worn then
made and later the delegates stood up
and lustily sang (he "Hed Flag." Dale-
gate Wheatley actompniiylng ;«t the
plsno.
Delegate Uurko moved, seconded,
I lm t this Convention adjourn nine die,
Adjourned 1 «.!.'• a.m.
A CORRECTION
Inder the heidliie »f "t.'or-
hin'" In ilie Vlce.l'reitldeitt't*
reiKirt, which appeared ill the
laat Issue. George Klines'
n ii tne wnn mentioned in error,
rt* the Information referred m
wan riv«'ii by It. Oartit'tt, not
KlniPN.
CLAOiTONE COCAt
A upei-lnl meeting ,vill i»e held in the
Miner* INI! on Hun day evening at ",:»«
*hen ru.iiters of Importance wtll be
dimeu-Hfted, wti-l tn winch every mem-wr
(■) tit'iti tl ui |i.nrti,"ip,ite.
KNOX CHURCH, FERNIE
.••5r*l»<.    i'nb   ','■»'    M   *t >M     ^'n-rj't1  *m*'
,!•...•* t„ fit* ettlMreii 7 Hi* t» m , "Tb*
SJtjiln-ii d* t»ur T«»*i*h*i» , i.ti, p.m»
Thursday, Tbotishtful   tVorkt-ri*.   Vou
-.X,. tiit'tl.itlH   ilivilftl lt» IM-xe M-rue<-«,
W.   I   MaeQuarrle, ll  A.  intnlotfr
that Iip wa-n tbe
ibi* *tt*ft.      .   .
V,'i t-H  fittl   --t-: '■•-
murrt**
pmtlmM* ie* t ;*i*"t,
I'nrtteX »«***:■•■***«
*..,-t  *" ■■   I"':
.md ** nt* rt*?'t"-.$r'->. m-'-t-'f .tr, f
tf-X *Htt *'he *t*oni«-nlt!on $o I'A'n
:V „i  fi,.-*, itt    .. i \r,'ty t
Mn      *t-,„t*,fir**i,.    I,,.,,-,-,     **,*.„ I    ..    .     ■
Vaneoiive-f to »»letid l't»> Hnw<f> Mt»*vF«f«t
Meetlnir.
lite ll,<n.;<ll>   ill-f'.il,** (ll  the I.il'l.e.
t;-ll!4 ot «1irl*t ChtilTll  *l!l be held .it
*•*:.,,      .  ,    ..       .,,    \f^***      \ti-.*'**   "■;*     Mi*..-*,«*»'m
ftf  V:?(i!i 'tnl, nt '.' y*
AtBERTA LEGISLATION
l,!«.*.ii.*»i,-»tii-»;i.v«.rf<!i-i'  H(i!ye«  ha*  i**
»-»«"i the tiro- limstittii lur lhe legtalr
Tli'J?in',»v, F-tifirm- T.ttt
H'-*#■* t'ftiirih motbt-r'* mt'etinc will
St*    •.".* tV--:*i«*.4»;.   Mn-iti ?,t4. st I ;*«.
"ntfti1   -.11! tie .i ileutoti*'rat Ion nl**n
on »he  'Conine o( Rlc<-"   Kier>*lio»Iy
*■ -.*. i  .if,**. ms
^m^M^^M^^^^&K§^^^^
-     !^^jV:-fev^H, *---"> :,\
Sftfe(«'*kS-3^tS
■ijijiianai
'^^^^^^^
PAGE TW
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNl^ B. 0., FEBRUARY 27, 1915.
The Employment of
Electricity In Mines
Tlu.- employment of electricity
varied applications beins constantly
on tlie increase it) connection with the
niinhifr industry, wc recommend to our
readers Ihcregulations produced here-
undei' ivhichVire part of the British
"Coal 'Alines Act, 1911."
I'AltT I.—Tlie General Regulations i\s
in I lias .previously been prohibited by Sec
tion SO (ll of the Act.
iiii) On or before the 21st day of
January in eiery year an annual return
uivji^, the size and type of apparatus,
nnd any particulars which may he required by the Secref/iry of State as to
■In* circumstances of its use.
if the Inspector of the division does
to the Installation and use of Elec
Ti-icity. j „.,t object i]>  writing, within one cnl-
Tlu- fo'Jawing regulations shall not; uular month from the receipt.-hy him
apply i:i the cause of any apparatus: of ihe notice, to the carrying out of
used 'tbove stromtd except such as may ; either of the intentions specified in tit*}
the   owners
out such in
directly affect the safety of persons bolow ground.
-lITi    It  shall  be  the duty of the?
mine  owner,  a.settt,  and   manager  to
rom;i!y with and enforce the following
regulations, and it shall be the duty of j
all workmen und persons employed to i
conduct their work in accordance with j scale as that kept ut the mine in ful-
the  nirula'.kiits. j rMiuent of the requirements of the Act
ll\l    •• Pre---lire" tno.'ui:- tliu diner-: shall be Kept in the office at tho mine
l'ii.st or second  notices,
shall be entitled to carry
t- ntion or intent Ion?.
Provided  tliat  this  regulation
nor apply to telephones and signalling
apparatus.
ili'O.)    A proper p.'iin on the same
nip.'ui:- lliu diner-
ence >A electrical jiotetitial -between
any two conductors, or between a conductor, or between a conductor and
earth a- read "iy a hot wire or electrostatic volt-meter.
""Low pressure" means a pressure
in a system normally not exceeding
-1'oti volts where the electrical energy
is used.
■'.Medium Pressure" means a pressure in a system normally above 2.".0
volts, ibui no: exceeding OoO volts,
where the electrical energy is used.
"High Pressure" means a pressure
iii a system normally above fiofl volts,
bat r.o; exceeding .",000 volts, where
the electrical energy is used-or supplied.
■'Kxtrii High Pressure" means a pres-
and installed in accordance with Regulation 129 (e), such metallic covering
may be used as a mean^ of connection to the earthing system. All the
conductors of an-earthing system shall
have a conductivity at all parts and
at all joints at least equal to 50 per
cent, of that of the largest conductor
used solely to supply the apparatus a
part of which it,is desired to earth.
Provided tliat no conductor of an
earthing system shall have a cross-sec.
ticnal area of less than .022 of a square
inch.
(c) All joints in earth conductors
! and all joints to the metallic cover-
shall i'' s of tlie ca^'es shall 'be properly soldered or otherwise efficiently made,
and evory earth conductor shall be sol-
;! red into a lug for each of its terminal connections. No switch, fuse or
circuit breaker shall be placed in any
earth conductor.
This rule snail not apply (except in
the case of portable apparatus) to any
system in, which the pressure does not
exceed low pressure direct current or
I2."i volts alternating current.
trliowilug the position of till -fixed tip-;
i.arattts iu the mine, ether than cables, j
telephones and .-lgiitillitig apparatus.;
The said plan shall be corrected as'
often as may be necessary to Keep it;
reasonably up to date, and it shall be', (126)—(a) Where electricity is dis-
prot'-uced (o an inspector of mines at,'(■'Hinted at a pressure higher than med-
any time on his request. , -«'» pressure (i.) it slmll not -be used
1121) .The folio-wing notices, con-'without transformation to medium or
s-tructed of durable material, shall be J low pressure except In fixed machines
exhibited i wli ere necessary: I in which the high or extra-high pres-
' sure  parts  are  stationary;   and   (ii)
where the roadway conveying the
cables lSs also used for mechanical
haulage; and (iii.) where there may
be risk of igniting gas, coal-dust, or
other in flammable material.
Provie'ed lljat -if the medium pressure direct, current system is used (i)
(two single-core cn,bles protected hy
metallic coverings may be used for
any circuit if the said metallic cover--
ings are bonded together by earth conductors so placed that the distance between any two consecutive bonds is
not greater than 100 feet measured
along either cable, snd (ii.) two single-
core cables covered with insulating
material' efficiently protected otherwise than by a metallic covering may
be used in gate roads (except -dn gate
road? which are also used for mechanical haulage, or where there may be
risk af igniting gas; coa-1-dtist, or other
inllainimalble material) for the pur-
pose of supplying portable-apparatus.
(d) Ca-oles unprotected by a metallic covering shall be properly secured
by some non-conducting and readily
breakable material to efficient insula-
tors.
(e) The metallic covering of every
eaible shal-] he (1) electrically continuous throughout; (li) earthed, If It Is
required iby Hegulntlon 125 (a) to be
earthed, -by a connection to the earthing system of ttot less conductivity
than the same length of the said metal-
means to discharge electrically any
conductor or apparatus, or any 'afija.
cont apparatus .if there is,, danger
therefrom, before it is handled, and
to prevent any conductor or apparatus
from being accidentally or inadvertently electrically charged when persons are working thereon. White \
lamps are 'being changed the .pressure
shall be cut -off.
Provided that this paragraph shall
not apply to the cleaning of commutators and slip rings working at low' or
medium pressures. ,   ,
(h.-) The person authorized to work |
an electrically driven coal-cutter   or |
other .portable machine shall not leave i
the machine while it is working, and ■
shall, before leaving tlie working place j
ensure that the pressure is cut off from
I the flexible trailing cable .which sup-1
plies such coal-cutter or other portable
machine.      Trailing cables shall not
be dragged along by the machine wheu
working.
(i.) Every flexible cable shall be examined ' periodically  (if used  with a
portable machine, at least once in each i ja
shift by the person authorized to work I *i
the machine), and if found damagod
or defective It shall forthwith be replaced -by a spare cable in good and
substauthl repair.     Such damaged orj
detective cable shall not be further ■
u=e 1  underground  until after  it has}
beer sent to the surface'and there pro
Local Union Directory, Dist. i8,U.M.W.A
aJMMJfllMlfiWUft/ll-l^^
lie covering;   (lii) efficiently protect- j jK.r]y repaired.
ed against corrosion where necessary; j    m,, ,„ any part of a m|ne ,„ .vhJch
i'lfkuumnble gas, although not normally present, is likely to occur in iiuantl-
j (iv.) of a conductivity ut all parts and
at nil joints at least equal to 50 per
cent, of the conductivity of the largest
ti.) A notice prohibiting any person other than un authorized person
i'ruiii handling or interfering with apparatus.
(ii.) A notice containing directions
as to procedure in case of fire. This
notice shall be exhibited in every place
containing apparatus, other than cable.-, telephones and signalling appara-
sure in a s>slem normally exceeding
ll.itOu volts, where the electrical energy | ms.
Is ii.-kI or snpplied. !     (iii.)    A notice containing directions
"System" means an electrical sys-jas to tlie restoration of persons suf-
tem in which all the conductors and ; fering fiom the effects of electric
apparatus   are   electrically   connected ' «hock.
motors under 20 H.P. shall ibejmpplied
with current through a transformer
stepping down to medium or low pressure.
(b.) Where energy is transformed,
suitable provision shall be mode to
guard against danger by reason °t the
lower pressure apparatus becoming ac-
condui-tor enclosed by the said metal- j £«" foHoiri.ig~a^
lie covering; and (v.) where there may
be risk of igniting gas, coal-dust, or
other inflainm-able material, so con-
st-rucred as to prevent as far as ls
practicable any fault or leakage of current from the live conductors from
causing open sparking.
■Provided that where two single-core
cables protected by metallic coverings
bonded together in accordance with
paragraph (c) of this Regulation are
used for a circuit, the conductivity of
each of the said metallic coverings at
tj a common ■-ouree of eVeiro-motive
•force.
"Concentric System" means a sys-
t- ni in which the circuit in a conductor or conductors, called the inner conductor, is completed through one or
more contlut tors, called the outer com-
liuctor, arrange:! so thai the inner conductor is insulated, and the outer conductor is disposed over tlie insula-
t'on cr, ar.d more or loss completely
around the inner conductor.
"Conductor" means an electrical
~C5,atiTictor~a r?an ge cTTo-Iie~elecfrl ca liy
| ciilcntally  charge.1  above  its  normal
ijiessure by leakage from or contact t all parts and at all joints shall be'at
j w,"t',i the higher pressure apparatus. -, j least equal to 25 per cent of the con-
I     (127)    Sivltchgear   and  all   termiii-j tl activity  of  the   conductor  enclosca
jttls, cable ends, cable-joints and con-' thereby,
(iv.)    A   notice   containing   Instriic- \ neetions   of   apparatus shall .be con-j '" (f.) Cables
tions  how  to  communicate  with' the I structed and installed so that— | joined   up   to'motors,   transformers,
person appointed under Hesitation 128!    ti-)    All parts shall be of mechanl-i switchg'ear. and'other apparatus, shall
ta). CAI-K'WYP  PIMP J t'al strength sufficient to resist rough j he installed so that (i.) they are me
tal.   This   notice  sli ill   be  exhibited j "sage. | cltanically   protected  by  securely  at-
at the shaft bottom, i     <ii-)   All   conductors   and   contact'ra'ching the metallic covering iif any)
ireas shall be of ample current carry-j to the apparatus; and (ii.) the insulat-
ty sufficient to be indicative of danger,
s
shall be observed:
(i.) All cables, apparatus, signalling wires and signalling instruments,
f.hall be constructed, Installed, protect;
ed, worked and maintained, so tliat iu
tl't normal working thereof thero shall
b'e no risk of open sjrarking.
i.ti.) All motors shall be constructed
so that when any part ls litfe all rub-b-
ing contacts (such as commutators i.nd
slip rings) are so arranged or enclosed
ns to prevent open sparking.
(iii.) The pressure snail oe switched
eff apparatus forthwith if open spark-
'.ng cccurs, and during the whole Mme
(l.'i.)—(ai In all places lighted by,
electricity whore a failure of the elec-1
trie light would be likely to cause dan-1
ger, one or more safety lamps or other*
proper lights shall be kept continuously burning,
(bl    Kfflcient
ing capafeity and all joints in conductors shall be properly soldered or otherwise efficiently made.
(iii.l    The lodgment of any matter
ing material at each cable end is efficiently sealed so as to prevent the
diminution of its Insulating properties.
Where necessary to prevent abrasion
I likely to diminish the Insulation, and''or to secure gas-tightness there shall
or  other ; of coal dust oiror close to live parts j be properly constructed buslms.	
(130.)--(a.) Flexible cables for portable apparatus shall be twocore or
telephonic
of   communication! sliaTTIie-prevented
ffjuTvaTeimfiean
cuimected to a system. ; shall be provided for communicating)    Hv.)   A11 !ive Parts slia" be so Pr0'
"'Apparatus"   means   electnlcal   ap- between the place in which the switch-1 tected or enclosed as to prevent aeci-j multi-core and covered with insulating
paratus,  and  includes all  apparatus, j gear provided under Regulation    12$
machines, and fittings in which conductors arc ii-ted, or of which they
form ;i pun. "*
"Circuit" means an electrical circuit
•forming a system or branch of a system.
"Covered with insulating material"
menus adequately covered iw.ith Instituting iinrterlal of such quality and
thickness that there Is uo danger.
"Metallic covering" means Iron or
steel armouring, with or without it
lend or other metallic Hlietith uh tie-
conditions of the case may require, or
an Iron or Hteel pipe surrounding two
or more conductors.
"flare" menus not covered with insulating material,
"hive" moans electrically charged.
"Dead"   means  nt,  or  tubout.  aero
ml Is erected and the shaft bottom
or main distributing centre in tlie pit.
(c.) Klre buckets of suitable capacity, filled with clean, dry sand ready for
Immediate use in extinguishing fires,
-t-li'i 11 be kept In evory plnce containing
apparatus, other thnn cables, telephones and signalling apparatus.
(12:!.)-(a.)    Wliere    necessary   to
1 prevent danger or meclinnicnl damage
trims-formers and swltehgoar shall be
dental contact by persons and danger j material which shall be efficiently
from arcs or short circuits, fire unprotected from inochanlcul damage. If
water. | a flexible metallic covering -be used
(v.) Where there may be risk of I either as the outer conductor of a con-
Igniting gas, coal dust, or other in--centric system or as a means of pro-
flammable muterlnl, all parts shall be; tectlon from mechanical damage the
so protected ns to prevent open spark I same shall not alone be used to form
that examination or adjustment dis-
and conductors where j closing parts liable to o^eii sparking is
;>eing made. The pressure shall not!
ibe switched on again until the apparatus has been examined by the' electrician or one of his duly appointed assistants aud the defect (If any) has
been remedied or the adjustment maae.
(iv.) Every electric lamp shall be
enclosed in an air-tight fitting, and
the lamp globe itself shall be hermetically sealed.
(v.) A Ptifety lamp shall bo provided,
juuLJisedjriUi^4d*!-!noUH*-a*eB-,v¥©?k'
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314'
Mset first and third Fridays,
Mir.ers* Hell, Pernie; second and
fo>:rth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill," Sec, Fornie, ». C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock In Crahan's Hall.
.Sick Benefit Society attached,—
R. Beard, secretary.
PARK LOCAL.    -
No. 1387
licet  every  Sunday.    Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached,—Michael   Warren,   Sec,  Can-
noio. AHa.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet sicotid and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.--Mack Stigler.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
*M-->et every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  sec.  Box
105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in •>'« Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley. Fin.
■S-L-c.  Hankliead. AMa.
COALHURST LOCAL*
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barrlngham; President, Duncan McNab.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet evory first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Colftman,—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet  every second aud  fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 \p,m. '
in Slovak HaU.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec. Passburg1, Alta.
 :—f	
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second 'and fo.urth
Sunday of each month' at t<) a.m.
In School House, Burmis. -No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Harries. Sec,
PaRshiirg-, AHa.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall. Maple Leaf, No Slok
Society.—Thou. (\, Harries,. Sec.
Passhurgr. Alto.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meot every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Halt. 12th Avenue North.—U Moore. Sec-Treas,
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.S0 p.m.
ln the Socialist Hall. — .lamp*
Burke, Sec, Box 36, Bellevue,
Alta.
COR9IN LOCAL
No. 2877.
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in  the Club  Hall.    Sick
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
Garbutt, sec, Corbin, B.C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, ot Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached,—
Max Hutter. Sec. t
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each -pay
day, at Miners Hall. Sick and
Benefit Society attached,—B
Morgan. Secretary.
mm
I™
I n jr.
(12S.)—(a.) Properly constructed
sA'itchgcar'for cutting off the supply
of current to the mine shall be provided ut tho surface of the mine, and
an earth conductor for the portable apparatus,
(b.l Every flexible cable for portable apparatus Itself by a properly con
structed connector.
placed iu a separate room, compart- j during the time any cable Is live a per-;    ic.i At every point'Where flexible
ment or box. i ho»  authorized  to  operate  the  said {cables are Joined to main cables a
lb)    1'nlesK the appiiratiiB Is so con-Iswltchgenr shall  he available  within | switch capable of entirely cutting off
htrticted, protected, und worked as to!easy rt>1"'11 thereof. , ; the pressure from the flexible cables
obviate the risk of fire br Inflammable j    Lightning arreslerH, properly adjust-j shall bo provided.
material shall he used in tlie cons-true
ing", and should any indication of firedamp appear from such safety lamp,
the person appointed to work the motor shall forthwith cut off the pressure
therefrom and report.the matter to a
fireman, examiner or deputy or other
official. ,
, (133.)—(a) Current from lighting or
power circuits shall not be used for
firing shots.
Ob) Shot-firing cables shall be covered and protected as provided by
Uegulatlon 130 (a) for flexible cables.
Adequate precautions shall be taken
to prevent them from touching other
cables and apparatus. -
(134.)—(il) Where electricity is used
for signalling the pressure In any one
circuit shall not exceed 25 volts.
don of any room, compartment, or hox
containing opparuttiH, or In tne construction of uny of the fittings therein.
potential, and disconnected from uny ! K'H'h such room, compartment, or box
Jim system, « Uhall lie xtii-sttuitiiilly constrncti>.! und
"Open  Sparking"   means   sparking 'shall be kept dry.
which owing tn the Jack of ntloiiuuto'    (<*.)   Aileijiiuti* working  space und
jirovlskuis for preventing tho liinltlon j menus of amuss clear of obstruction
ol lnflair.ma.hle gun external to appura-1 ainl free fiom danger nlcill be pruvld-
Ins would Ignltt't such Inflammable -yu*. | H for nil apparatus that litis to'be
"Earthed" menus connected to the   "'^rU'-d or attended lo by any person,
general iiiasu of earth In such manner jiuul all haud|es Intended to be operated
>v!ll en tin re nt* till tliui's uu Inline- j nlinll be conveniently placed lor thtitj
! (-li) Contact-makers shall be so coned and maintained, -xhult be provided) (tl) Xo landholder shall be In metal-j Ktructct' as to prevent the accidental
whore necessary to prevent danger,   j lie connection with the guard or otheri'if-slng of the clrouit.
<>!»)   I'Jffielent. means, suitably plac-; metal work of a portable larap. <c» Adequate 'precaution* shall be
ctl, shiill lt« provided for cutting offj    (l.'tl.)--(n) Kvery person appointedI l-iiken to prevent signal and telephone
till pressure from every part of a sys-! to work, supervise, examine or adjust! wire* from touching enhloe an,' ollioj \
tun, ns limy ho necessary to prevent \ any apparatus shal! be competent for jnpparatiis, j
(lunger. j the iwork that he Is set to do,     N'o
lei Such efficient means shall  bo * person except nn electrician or a cont-
provided for cutting o-ff all pressure
automatically from the part or parts of
the system affected In the event of a
fault, ns may lie nocossnry to prevent
nf electrical  energy
•A*,l
dime  discharge
without danger.
"Ktu thing tijHtem" meniiH un electrical system In which all the eonduc-
tots, und other apparatus lu eounee.
Hon therewith, used ror the purpose
of. controlling tlie current or pressure
lu any «)*teiii or part of n M.isieiu.
Authorized person   menu* u pursuit
(-.".inner.
nil J-'very motor hIiuII be controlled
purpose, {by Hwitctig-enr for starting and stop- j ed In writing by the manager to *uper
1121.1 ■■■■(u.) All apparatitH and cbn-j plii'B. so arranged ns to cut off all j vis* the apparatus. If necessary for*
ductors nlinll he sufficient In *ho and pressure from the motor and from all the proiwr fulfilment of lhe -duties de-
power for the work thoy iniiy lie cnlM iippanitiis In connection therewith, j tailed In the succeeding paragraphs
upon to do, and so constructed. In- j «*uil so placed ut* to-be easily worked j of this rule the miinnger shall also a p-
slnlled, protected, wotked and nialii-1 h,v the person appointed fn work the • point.' In wrltlnt!; an ustUttint or i\e-
tallied as io prevent danger so far as j motor. j c'stnnt* to the electrician.
(I".*.l: (ni All relighting ii|r.i.<ii»tus
»'!ti..|l lie ao contsriieted, worltad nn-i
potent person acting under his super-1 maintain ns to preclude the ac-ciimu-
vision Khali undertake any work whert latlou at explosive gas within tt.
technical knowledge or experience Is J (hi -Relighting apparatus shall not
required In order adequately to avoid! lw unixl in nny part of a mliis to which
danger, * Uegulatlon 132 applies,
(b.i Ait electrician (ball be appoint, j   (o All safety lamps when relighted
reaMomtlily practicable,
i i.i   All iii»uiulii)K material shall tie
t-hall  be exjuiiliied  before -being issued.
(1361- (a) Haulage by electric locomotives on the overhead trolly wire
syntem Is prohibited In any mine In'
vtliU'li iuul it* iivotktal. ;
(hi- IIaulane by electric locomotlv«fi
tel If a concentric *>wein In used no-    tc.t The electrician shallhe In daily! on the overhead Irolley wire system
Hivltch. riiKii. or circuit breaker shall i a tendance at the mine,   Ile shall be! mny he used In mines other than coal j
| always .feels
| coflficteni of
pure and wholesome
food.when using
DrPRICES
CREAM
Baking Powder
APUre,GraJeCreWTartar
Baking Powder
Made froity
No Alum
No
LimcPhosphal
Grapt
mmmm
Rs-5**^
appointed In writing hy the manager j chosen with special regard to ihe t-lr-j 1»« placed iu the outer conductor, or j responsible for the fulfilment of the
of the mine to tarry out certain ditties Jeiinwtonces of Its protmsntl use. It! In an> conductor connected thereto, following duties, which shall be carded out-hy lilm or by an assistant or
niilstunts duly appointed under paragraph ill): (I.i ihe thorough examination of nil apparatus Itnclnd4ng the
mines, ami haulage by storage battery!
locomotive* may be used In any mine, '■
incidental to the generation, trans-'shall be of mechanical strenuth suffi-;e«;nlit that, If required, si reveralni lied cut-by him or by an assistant or with lhe content In writing flwt ob-j
formation, distribution, «r iixe of elec j (lent for lis purpose, and so far as Uj »#l«Hi muy he Inserted tu the outer OMlstunls duly appointed nnder para- lalned of lhe Hoeretnry ot Stale In alt J
trliiil enemy in the mine, such person j Mru< tlen-ble, it kIuiII lw of such a char-; fondue lor at ihe pla«*e wher» the cur- graph lib): tl.i lhe thorough -examine- entnn, and aubjoct to such conditions;
bring a person who 1* eom-peleiit fot j »* ter or no protected ns fully »o main-{rem is being u-*ed. Veiertheless,. lion of nil apparatus (Including the nf fer ting siffty a* may he preacrMwd!
lhe purpimes of tlm rule in which the Min Us liisiiltilliig properties under! kwitches. fu*es, or circuit (breakers | lite testing of earth conductors and;by him, '\
term l* used, ; working condition* of temperature and, n»«> he «<wd lo lireivk the connection j metallic coverings fer continuity) as!    flSTI—inl -Any of the requirements;
Klecinehiti"  menu* n  permm  ap■ i moisture. with the generators or transformers | ofieii m may lie necessary lo prevent (of ihla part of these Regulations shall \
^minted lu vi ill lug 1.) the manager ot <«•» Kn-ry pnrt of a ostein shall be Mijijdylnji the ileiiriiii); provided j danger; and (11.) the examination and j not apply In any caae In which -exemp.
the mine to supervise the apparatus hept efficiently Insulated from earth tlmt the connection of the outer -ron-j testing of all new apparatus, and offtloii la obtained from Hie Herretary of
la •!*>. ss.'.-  it;! '!*.»- i*oxV\v.y. thm*of,','*"«,l,i the <U the tiiUt*! i»t>lnt of ajdu-tlor with tht «an Mi.* -)«i-i» shall j all «p|wtnmi» re-erected  In  a  netw-Stale on the ground either of «mw.
Imperial Bank of Canada
MIAO OMICt, TOHONTO
0»plUl Paid Up. .$7,000,000       Mmmt fund ... .17,000,000
MCIO HOWL ANO, tm- PmlttPt   ILlAt HOOIHI, gt^ Vles-^rtfc
MANCHII IN IIIITItH COLUMBIA
Arrowhaad, Athalmar, CHaati Cranbraak, -ftntla, ttnlttn, litvarmtrt.
Natal, Nelson, flimlmbn, ttinemmbP, Vlatarla.
gaviNOS OIMNTMINT
iMartM aitawti wt tf-ntM'U tt a^rrtut -rati trom tttt nt -up-aa*
FKftHIS BBANOH Jk. M. OWUI m-m-m^
»neh jM>r*on h'-lufr « jwrson *ht> l<+ over '■ (I'd)'>h:»*«« sysiem mny be eaithed at' cot thereby be broki.n. i
21 ytw» of ase, and 1s competent for ■*»"«* l»«int only :  ■**f.» the mid-voltage!    na»l   All cnblea, oilier Hum flexible
the tiiirpnaes of Hie rule In which tht?: iiolm of nny svstem, other tlmn n cnn*I cables for (mrtnltle'apparatus and nH*'
t'i*. term \* u«ed -"itifrte sycfeni. nrty t»- enrthcl tit one! nailing tylri-s, Hhitll ceiuply  w.!th  ilie1
rireniiN  dinner io henlHi i point onlv:  tind  Hill  the outer con-1 followlTin iei|iiln*nienfs:
tlii<*tor of a concentric kvhIciii *bn\\ im- I
"Vftntur"
i or dt-itiaer to Ijjfe or llnrti from shorn,
1*1,1
(ill,- i* '     ';-   'i*'..|i    f'fl-   fir   e-li'tvviir*    -l-
Iftd-itit mittii (He Rcfierntlon. Irtmsfor'
midlon. distribution, or use of eleiirl-
•nul energy.
r    "Vn*" of electricity' meniitt the con-
1' .   .  t..     t.*. ,,.*,.,,,. t.i    ,.,, i...,.i.   *
»»era>. heal, or light for ih»- ptirposn
of pfoUdliit: m«'cli;inir«! **ut*rnf. heal.
or K*bt.
HI'M   .Votl«»» shall tie *ent to the
iii. o'U"t,i<-'< M ■■t.'itt. hi- f"irM'(-1 1," f,i'.: '
' neetlon In nn enrthlng syslern at t'*"\
i mirface of the mine,
id.l   Kfflcient means shall •te pro-
im They fhatl be covered with In-
..   .,«   .y..«4..    .   ■•* 9.t;t,   1,1*.    till'  MUI-
* •■  • '-n'ltt l'i-  i '   .*   ; ,,-ii i *r,i'.     i , ) u,
tt-'ty 1>e 'tiiret, T>e lead shea Ui «f li'ad-
I sheatlted i-ables snd Hie Iron «r steel' hy Ihe Qetrotnty ol «|.«t«*,     The- fi'A'
j nt monrlnt of armoured cin'ilea •hull m* j logdmolr shall be produeffd at any tlma
iHMltlcui in the mln« before It Is put gwy or special clnumstances. on
•nto service In ihe new yoaitlon.        tuth conditiona as lhe Secretary of;
Provided that in the absence of the State may prescribe.
(Welti-Un for more than one day thai    (Im The requirements of this part,
manager hIuI! appoint In ivrltlng anU1 tlvr»«- »emil**i!oti* -whi-rto rttale to.
efficient substitute. Ithe construction of e^hie* sed etliPf
I ne tiecirn laii shaH kestp al t tiinmratHs slmll not betor* the the let
,.■ .. tutfuuul*. nxiiit up ui u«.i> titaji e-i innnar», ua», apply to any np*
m*m
U>n-*lttft* kept in the loriu prescribed
v«'«»'l for Indicating any defect In Hie! of not let* tl«'«*kne<*s rinpeftlvHy itinip
il;'-V> ia* All metallic >!»-jili*.
I'cvfrlng, handles; jo'.nMHiXe-. »*ltiii-
•.•ear frames, litstrnment cover*, «v it#h
nil   fuse  rovrs ami   boxes  ml  nil
In-spi Uoi of the division, on lhe forms! l»i>mhol(!er*, unie** efficiently protect-
Viv*t<rV*t*tt by the -Secretary of Htate,
«as -fuliows. namely:
j in Vortee of the Intention to In-
trn'-.te »pi»«rsi»« l-nto sny mine, or
Info any venHlatlni district   In   any
tWiftc.
' HU Notice of the Intention to In-
t'od-ac* or re-lnUwl»ce el#ctrklty nio
net mine Wiere ibe om of eltctrlctty
Htmidard* rommiiier.
i,i) T.iey  shall  be efficiently  pro-
letted  (rom mechsiilml damage nnd!
tiiiliwtriel at sufficiently frequent In-'
lervtilt and In '*»ch a manner n* ade-1
to an Inspector of mines on his re-
ie.1 Hhould ihete be a fault In any
< In ult the part affected aball be mafia
•lead without delay, anil shall remain
so until Hte fault has been remedkn.
if.i AH apparatus shall be kept r"*jr
ed Uy an earthed or Insiilatltiit rover-1quatalv to prevent danger and ilnmnt* Af r*b*irii*mn snd tmt* trom tmt. ,Un.
parnata which wan In nie before tb*
Ut d.»j ot Imi*', mi, aad which had
been construcKd or had before tba
lm iliu of June. I'M I, heme adutMH
»fo aa to comply with the rwjntrement*;
relating In Ibe construction or electrl-'
en I apparatus In mines In force before
•hat date, unless the Inspector of Ibe
ilivlslon. by written nolle* mrrmt (Hi
Ihe owner, agent or manager aa re-
'tn'-tf etthi-i' till of *\\f of tile said t*e-
lug made of fire resisting material, and
the frame* and bedplutP* of genera-
iin-, iranfformers, aitd moirtr** (Inclnd-
!n« portable motors), shall be enrthed
t*i connect Ion t« an earthing system at.
I)-* furfsre of the mint,
lb I   Where the cables are profiled
witb a metallic covering constructed
an I molature, at may ba nec-assarv to|qnlremenla ot Ibe foregoing ratal m\
l*ri*v*nt Ann*t>r
I.H'l'U
Is' ■*'..** u**ti«if, naewt. or man-
to the cables,
fr-1 t'oTtt-eiitrlc  rubles,  nr two-iur«
niettiHJr cover.ng, or alngliwre cableslahall not lie stored In any room, cii-U ,«rb noHto obletin to nanintr  witb
KX^tJgVT?^^^ «mtai»«n,.MN»m,n.,)the tttfthmtmrtptttm to tt. no.
xhali c0«iii8 att tbr rondactor. of tha |v* ,u tb* vicinity of .pparatn.. }»«*, ,1^ mmr ,„„,» „„ mm ,B nH|n.
rirrait, *MII I* n**A lil wb*r* th#
ure'sure etcecd* low pressure;   fill
iti A««i««l« pmmtMmtn «b*n bninnr ptmUM by tha A«,t for s*ttiiac
tit'etn bv earfhlnir *r olbtr -**rfr »M**f«IF»putca..
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HASIMSTALL1D .
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
WUk, TW« De«d«, MortgifM, tfHttrmet FoBdit
or Mh&r T*)mb]M !n one of thftt boxes
. ^a,',. tbtttvb^ntmttfbtmtAtwtt tftvutt
P* m. Fowler, Mnn«g-er PernlQ Brftrtch
•     VI
,-C.f*"!"^ JA.-ff' ** . '-.i .iJtn&tfnhi.]*   .*.tj-y.-1 ,,y*!"'. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, FEBRUARY 27,1915.
PAGE THREE
Eczema for
Two Years
_^___—*-**-*_     *
Cured by
Zam-Buk
• Mrs. A, Warwick, Cooks*
ville, Ont., writes :—"For two
,yearsl was badly troubled with
eczema, orf tfiy leg. I used
various salves and lotions, but
could get no relief. The sores
kept getting worse until finally I was obliged to give up
my work. I was in despair
when one day a friend advised
nie ro. try Zam-Buk. I did so,
and I cannot tell you how
pleased J was with the result.
Zam-Buk quickly allayed the
itching and smarting sensation,, and finally healed the
sores. My leg is now as well
as ever."
Hundreds of others suffering
from eczema have ended this disease by applying Zairi-Buk, some
even'after suffering twenty-five
years arid spending hundreds of
dollars on medical treatment.
Zam-Buk is purely herbal.
Unlike ordinary ointments it
it docs riot contain harsh minerals, poisonous coloring matter, or coarse animal fats which
In a short time go rancid.
As soon as Zam-Buk is applied
to a wound or sore its herbal
essences penetrate to the very
root of the trouble, kill the
disease, and relieve the pain.
Use Zam-Buk for cuts, burns,
bruises, eczema, piles, pimples,
chronic sores, chapped hands,
frost bites, aqd all skin diseases
and Injuries. At all druggists
and stores, or postpaid from
Zam-Buk Co., Toronto, on receipt
of price, 50c. box, 3 boxes $1.25.
Send this article, name of
paper, and lc. stamp (for return postage) for FREE
TRIAL  BOX.
Nova Scotia Labor
Legislation
Workmen's Compensation | year at a working face and one yoar
An Act respecting the Laws Relatiug | as a" overman or examiner,
to the Liability of Employers to make Certificated   Workmen  .
Compensation to their Employees for]    T.hat part o£ the original law reiat-
Injuries  Received  in  the  Course  of [ illg t0 certificated workmen which pro-
vi.it. s unit no persou not employed as a
uiincr in a mine previous to the 11th
day of March, xo'JS, shall be permitted
agent or manager neglecting to comply j tliat part of the Act which deals with j granted before ihe coming into force;
with the provisions of the Act shall)stationary engineers.'   Where the old-
not only be guilty of an offence, avi Act provided for.the granting of cer-;
oi
the new -measure. j
The Mines Act
-mentioned in the original Act, Vat! tirieates of competency toy a Board of j 'The Alines Act of 1011 is amended in j
shall -be "ijable to a penalty of at least; Examiners to stationary engineers, the ( a few particulars, having to do-chiefly j
eighty dollars for ouch and every day j new Act adds'the words, "and licenses- wiUi questions involving the leasing u'c-
he fails to comply with the requisition j to firemen," and provision is made for ■ mineral hnds. A.Meudmeuts are mace !
of the notice, or with the- award, and i the signing of certificates by the Com-i giving fuller powers to the government,
the notice and the award shall be,missioner, after being countersigned by! to take possession of mineral lands un-!
deemed to.be written notice of the of-; some ineiii-ber of the Etbard of Examin-, der'lease in order to ensure the pa;.-!
'S BEST
MINER'S INCH
A method in use in California by the
ditch com-panles who supply water for
"hydraulicking" consists in allowing
water to flow through a rectangular
aperture, the volume flowing being estimated by the number of inches in the
width of the aperture, iThe term
miner's Inch is somewhat indefinite as
the head of water above the centre
of the aperture used by different companies Is not always the same, and
tho "inch" is found to vary from 1.3G
to 1.73 -cubic feet of water per minuto.
T'ho most conumon measurement is
through an aperture constructed of
planks 1% inches thick, and having a
height of two inches, the bottom of the
aperturo being two- inches above the
bottom of the measuring box. The
head of water is six inches aibove the
centre of the aperture, and each inch
of this opening represents a flow of
Art of Mining.
tlieir Employment, gives power to the
Uoveriior-in-Couucil to appoint a com.
mission of three or more- members,
whose duty it shtill be to ex-amiiie into
and roport as to the jaws in force in
the Province of Xova Scotia relating to
the liability of employers, to make compensation to their employees for injuries received iu the course of their
em.ploym-ent; to examine into and report on the societies exempt from the
operation of Chapiter 1), Acts of 1DJ0,
and the terms and conditions under
which such societies should continue
to be so exempted or otherwise, and
to submit to draft bill in accordance
with such report,
"Phi! societies referred to as exempted from the operation of the WoiK-
men's Compensation Act of 1910 tire
those existing at certain collieries in
the province at which miners' relief
societies have been established, among
tV-hich may he mentioned tlie Dominion
Coal Company, the Acadia Coal Company, the Intercolonial Coal -Mining
Company, Limited, the Dominion Iron
and Steel Company, Limited, the Nova
Scotia Steel & Coal Company, Limited,
and tihe Sydney & Louisburg Railway
Com-pahy, Limited..
Coal Mines Regulation
A number of ainenamenis are made
to the Coal .Mines Regulation Act of
1008 and amending Acts. That pan
of the law relating to the establish
ment of tboards of examiners for tho
purpose of recommeudlng certificates
of competency to managers, underground managers and overmen, Is
changed by repealing a former section,
which required as meuiberb of an examining board two mechanical engineers holding first-class certificates
of competency, aud by the addition ot
sections providing that no person shall
be entitled to a .certificate of competency as a manager, underground manager, or overman who is not a British
subject of the full age of 21 years, and
has not *ad at least four years' experience underground in a coal mine,
one year of which must have-been at
the working face; that every candidate
for a certificate of competency as a
manager must he the holder of a per-
TWrat*r~of~cOTnpittBii*cy"~aS—wr~ ujraer
to cut, mine, 'hore, blow, sheer, loosen
or extract coal by hand, machinery,
or otherwise unless he has been employed in some capacity in a mine for
the period of oue year and holds a
certificate to that effect from a board
of examiners of workmen, is amended
by leaving oui the word "sheer" and
adding the words, "And unless he is
ucconi-paiiied by some person entitled
to be given charge of a working face."
That part of the Act defining who may
lit! given charge of a "working face"
is changed by leaving out a clause
which provided for this position being
filled by a person who had "been employed in a mine in some capacity for
a period of one year." The present
hnv provides tliat.no person sliall -be
tiivt-n charge of a "working face" in
a mine who does not hold (a) a certificate of service as a miner; or (b) a
certificate of competency as a miner
granted by a Board of Examiners ot
Workmen; and that unless such person has been employed in a mine ,for
at least one wear ab a miner.
.Payment of Wages
Section 22 of tho original Act dealing with questions of payment of wages, the' measurement and '.Weighing of
mineral, etc., has added to it a section
providing that the -Commissioner, of
Public Works and Mines may make
rules prescribing the procedure to be
observed iu the appointment by the
persons employed in the' mine, of a
person to act in the adjustment of
questions arising out of payment for
wuges, or in cases where they have
been unable to agree upon the appointment o-f such a person, or have failed
to make an appointment.
Defective Mines
That part of Section -13 of the original Act which deals with defective
mines and the procedure to be -followed, and defines the duties of tihe owner, agent or manager of a mUte after
being given notice of an inspector to
and providing for arbitration of objections put forth by any owner, agent,
or manager, remedy defects complain-
"eiroTTTfaTOonUed by~tbe~addition of a
fence."
Timbering
Rule 31 of Section 46, relating to tbe
support of coal iu working places,
which in the original Act provided
only for the support by sprags or
wooden props of coal during the op-
crating of holing or under-cutting, is
'•cpeSled -and a new section substituted, which provides that ln evtiry coal
mine, unless otherwise directed by the
inspector, tho coal and the roof in
every working plate, during the operation of 'boring, holing or undercutting
shall be safely supported by sprags,'
or wooden props, or other support, and
any person failing to comply with this
provision shall be guilty of an offence
against the Act, and may, in addition
to other penalties, have his certificate
(if the holder of one) temporarily suspended orjcancelled.
Sections are also added providing
tliat a sufficient supply of timlber oi
other material suitable for supports
shall at all times be kep: at suitable
and  convenient places;  that it shall
ers. The composition, also, of the : ment of loyalties, or to maintain min- •*
Board of Examiners'is changed by in-: i:ig properties unimpaired and general-'
eluding with the inspector of mines' ly as an asset of, tho province. 'llu
"not more than four other qualified Government's power of lien also is ex-
persons" to coin-pose the Board, where-, tended to include not only the lease or!
as in the old measure the board was ; leases and the workings, plant and oth- •
to consist of the Inspector of Mines | er property in connection therewith,,
and •'such persons representing the | hut also uite areas held hy l-:sse s.'
managers of mines and the engineers, ■ That part of the old Act which provirt-'
ami such qualified persons, not eon ! es for the reservation as a barrier of'
nected with mining as the Governor-in-; ."> since cf ten >..rls in width inline-1
Council determines." - diately within and along each cf the!
.' Provisions in' the old Ael for the | i>o»"dary lines of the land covered by!
establishment of local boards of ex-i ?•"!',Jeasp- :-s «™<'»:1p<1 b:>' the addition:
amlners and their conduct are repeal-!l,f a provision that the inspector of;
ed i» Hie now measure. Tho essentials; mi,ies n,a>'- :'-ta!»' ,ilm> rtirect tllut t::o
for examination for a certificate or li- j *'i(1"h of lh(i barrler Mi::>' 1,p ««cre:isc*l..
cense tinder the'Art rennin aimos* the <and »ia>' a!so (llTect t,l(' reservation o. ,
same as lu the old measure, with tho i barriers within th.- bounds!.v lines env-j
necessary change to cover the incite j ored by a lease. Penalty is provided,:
sion of licenses to firemen. In filling :i,^°- fo1' non-compliance
up an application form the old measure
required tho applicant to state the nature of his employment for five years
previous to the date of application; the
new measure requires the infonnal'on
for three years.     In the oltl measure,
be the duty of every underground man-
apor, overman and mine examiner to1
see that these provisions are strictly
carried out, and that it. shall be the
duty of the Deputy Inspector for the
district to Xortli-with report to the Commissioner the name of all persons holding certificates wlte are convicted of
any offence under tlie provisions of
this rule.   .
Employees to Receive Information re
Act
Section 51 or the original Act, which
provided' that employees of mines,
upon application, and those em-ployed
for the first time, should be provided
with n copy of the Act. is amended by
providing for the supplying to employees of "a prescribed abstract of
the Ael, or of such parts of the -same
as are deemed necessary," and a section is added that copies of said abstract shall he supplied free of charge
to the owner, agent or manager of any
mine who applies for the same.
•Section 58 of the old Act is amended
by changing -, the penalty provided
against, every person other than an
agent, owner, manager, underground
manager, or overman guilty of an offence against the Act. from not less
than ono -and not more than eight dollars, as in the old measure, to not less
Mian five, or more than twenty-five om.
lars,	
Mrs, Kelly Advises all Women
to Take "Fruit-a-Tives"
Hagersvilu*:, Ont., Aug. 26th. 1913.
"I can highly recommend "Fruit-a-
tives" because they did me an awful
lot of good and I cannot speak too
highly about them. About four years
ago, I commenced taking "Fruit-a-
tives" for a general break-down and
they did nie a world of good. We
bought a good many dollar's worth,
but it was money well spent because''
they tlid all that you claini for them.
Their action is so pleasant, compared
with other laxatives, that I found only
pleasure, as well as health, in taking
them. They seemed to me to be
particularly "suited to women, on
r.TCunt of iheir mild arid gentle action,
aud I trust that some other women
may start taking "Fruit-a-tives" after
readitigmy letter, and if they do, I am
satisfied the results will be the same
as in my own case".
Mrs. W. N. KELLY
"Fruit-a-tivcs"   are   sold   by   all
dealers at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial
/
ground manager, and have served one clause which provides that such owner,
Stationary Engineers
A number of changes arc made
tn
a!>-<>, the section which provides for
the furnishing of satisfactory certify
ftttes as to seryice, sobriety and gen
oral good character, contained tie
words "or ho shall be already the holder of ti certificate of competency."
These words are dropped in tho 11.-w
measure. A new section is adde-l o-o-
viding that all applications for e-cai-i-
iratlcui shall be made to the Commissioner of Public Works and Mines at
his office in Halifax at least ten days
■before the date fixed for the holding of
said examination.
That section of the old Act relasing
to the grnaling of licenses to firemen
which provides that "every person who
has served for not less than one year
as fireman shall be entitled to receive
from the Board of Examiners a license
as fireman under the like conditions
as to age and character-as in tho ease
of engineers" is changed by striking
out all words after "fireman" and substituting the following: "at a steam
boiler, and Who satisfies at !ea3f one
member of the Board of Rxwilni'-s
iftrr an oral examination that the applicant, has a sufficient knowledge of
boilers to have charge of them, shall.
upon satisfying the Board as to age
ahd character, be entitled to receive
from tho Board of Examiners a license
as a fireman."
—T4ie4A-et-^l-s<^n«tlf{es-ajra-ToniiriTf^
all certificates of service and of com- ■
petetay and of licenses   to   firemen I
Slight changes are made in the .<*.•-
tion of the old Act relating to the iv-
"ttirns to be sent to the Coniinl.isiotier.
In .the old  measure  It was provided i  si?e, 25c, cir sent postpaid onreceiptof
that the return should cover the num-j  price by Fruit-a-tives Limited,Ottawa.
ber of persons "ordinarily" employed [
in or about every mine.     The amending Act drops the  word "ordinarily," i
aud in addition to providing that returns may be in the form prescribed
by  the schedule attached to ihe Act
provides that, returns may he sent in
such other form as the Commissioner ,
may prescribe. i
(til
e patient on s-.om.it!i with
head tin net! to on-' Xk: -\ ith nieiith
and nose five from •-■rouiel.
MClilll
nit'.-.
FIRST AID TO VICTIMS
ELECTRIC SHOCK
1. llemove victim from contact wi'h
wire. In doing this-, use dry wood,
tliy clothing or rubber gloves. l!e
ct leful tint rescuer tiocs no*, recoi.'c!
shock himself. Stand on dry wo»d
before touching victim. Then, with
dr..* clothing or rubber gloves on i\e
h:i::ds, grtih the victim by loose clothing and lift quickly froni contact with
I wire.
j    _.   Send for a doctor.
j    ;'>.   Use Pulmotor or Oxygen tank if
you have one handy.
•1.   Artificial respiration.
Tlwi-r tt more Catarrh In tins fn-ction 01 tln> cnu.ur>
than all ollu-r dta-am put together and until tlie lart
law years was supittf-d to b« tncursblft Fur n emit
many year* dorian* pronounced It a local dlM'ase nnd
prescribed lo-iil i-rnit-dleii, and by cu-ixtantly falling
to rare Willi lord treatment, proTJuiu.-d It Incurable, ti
Science lum proven Cafirrll lo Ih.' a cnnMilutloi-a! dl*
««<\ and thrrefort'' rcunn-s i-O'i-tlluUun.-'l "niitmini
tl ill's Ottarrh fun', rnaiinf'.i'luml hy !•'. J. ' t'.'t.r,
A- <'*>., Toledo, Ohio. I- th" oil}- Co-n-tliutlrai.' m:i' oi
! lhe imrtf-t. II l* nki'n l-t-r-i-'l'*, l'i d* - s ti ,*n :•
( itro->-< to 1 '<-i«no'inflil.    I! huh dl-ivCi iri l'v liUwd
lb)  Straddle
his head.
IO Place bauds on lower ribs and
throw ;.our -weight heavily 'forward
so as to bi iuv. he iv.-. piesstire on the
victim's r.b», s.pin'/iiig ihe -ir oil' -Jt
his 'lung.-.. I'ri'Mj on ri'js ior three
t-eeoit-t's T:to:i t 1-.asi- pri -.sure ^utl-
t'.erlj, iiilo'vina the nlr to enter his
luitgs. Ucmou' pressure for two seconds, then reiio.it operation. Cure
should -be taken that litis movr-me-jit is
not faster than li times a minute (Um-
lii.ue tlii:- movement for at let'-'r one
hour, or ltitii a doctor ;irri*,'.■*. M* the
victim Vn' itltes naturally. Tit's it important.
5. Do not give stimulants such as
*.\hi*k> or brandy.
6. Dashing cold water in the face or
placing spirits of ammonia or oxygen
gas near thi- nose will often <-aust- the
victim to gasp. Uiuh helping respiration.
7. It I.s highly important to reach
the victim quickly and bei-,:ii il>:*> treatment at once.
This is the "prone method." and i»
one of the best known methods lu case
electric shock.   It can be easily,oporat-
• I do t
Sltt Ir- ll"
rn.p ii . -i
r, fnr .-ri  r"v il fails
,-d v-'-'it *" il-
.l.eMI'v. v .*. t ;'•, ■..■■
ed by one "man-aiid does away with
holding the victim's tongue, as lu the
ease of other methods.
rf
^
fri
The District Ledger
'.'''. .-■-■,-■■■- ' V '
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and spender. It appeals to them because it
supports theiir cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. Ail advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay complimentsf but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
*
We bave looked through your pftper witb considerable care and interest We might take this opportunity to ex-
§#*«** vtfi «pjMeu4i4toft tot uit service as rendered so far. We would also add that it i« on* nf tv H^nf-t weeMJes that wc
have ran across in some time SEF0U&
TH? DISTRICTLEDGER, FERKIB> 8. C, FEBRUARY 27,1015.
1
•ft
Tlie suggestion ive offer may not be of much I ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
value, and when advancing it realize perfee-tly well l"
it will not solve the problem, still it is worth as
Muffli as other suggestions that have been advanced
ami probably not a bit more. Tlie City of Eernie has
land which can be brought under cultivation, then
let tiie municipality petition certain sums of money
from the Provincial Government, said sum to be
used as a fund for the purpose-of paying out wages
t to those who have lieen put to work clearing the
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and, ]jm(1 aml pi.opiiring it for eu]tivation; then sow it to
''Published every Thursday evening at its, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. G. Subscription $1.00
-per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
■■§
a:
•*■
it
I
ii
-jolor work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to tht District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
A STUDY IN LACONICS
♦ QOALHURST ♦
♦ ' *      ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ***** ♦♦♦♦♦♦
S. P. C. HOLD HARD TIMES DANCE
On -i.iitUiiry 2nd a terrific explosion tiio!< phi--" in
"ll" .Vi.rih Mine at Coal Creek.
0:i Mmiday. February 15th. J. T. I'luee (Xanai-
■iii(i) .-i.sked the Hon. Minister of Mines (Premier, Sir
Kit-hard Mt-liride) tlie following questions:
1. Js it llie intention of the Government to investigate the recent explosion ai Conl Creek?
2. If sn, when?
The Hon. Sir liic.himl Mcliride replied as follows:
1. •■Yes."
2. "'As soon us possible."
II would 'be exceedingly interesting to know the
lion, gentleman's definition of "as soon as possible."
On June 19th an ex-plosion occurred at Hillcrest,
Alta. On .1 uly 2nd the Commission of Inquiry start-
ed its labois. Alberta's promptitude in appointing
lhe commission is commendable; her selection of an
individuul not possessing technical acquaintance
with coal mining is not. AVe cannot commend B.C.
lor promptitude, and-so far the appointee is an unknown quantity. Perhaps herein lies the compensating factor.     Let us hope so.
Tlie Hillcrest explosion was accompanied by a
tearful toll ui human life; Coal Creek explosion was
of greater magnitude from the point of view of
force expended, the only fatality being the sad ease
of Kvan Evans. The death of the mines inspector
was due, in the first place, to his ardent desire to
obtain data, without loss of time, which might shed
light on the cause ofthe explosion. The adage:
"Delays nre dangerous." was not. applicable to his
eiiM' unfortunately. There are some poisons whose
effects are sure, but of which but, slight traces are
discernible if the post-mortem be delayed. In like
manner procrastination may lie the thief of time,
yet occasionally aids the obscuration of the issue.
-*—- NttVtM^io^-ttdtty-w^w-i'-yotfT'a'n*^
row may serve a more expedient pui-j-jise than au
limine precipitancy.
"As soon as possible" is beautifully indefinite,
and if brevity bc lhe soul of wit then he who gave
voice to this cTa'ds'ic utterance is worthy of elevation
from his present position to one a notch above the
rank of him wlio had "Ich dien" (T serve) for a
motto and his eseutehnon bear thc devise "I/etat
. 'est moi" (The State-TIIAT'K ME.")
feed, and wheu tlie crop is gathered the proceeds
therefrom can be applied towards paying off the
loan obtained. For example, instead of buying provender for the consumption of the city's horses from
outside sources the Fire Department can bc debited
with so many tons at market prices and a like sum
paid on loan account.
This plan is not put forward except as n stop gap
but there are many in our midst who are in need
juid must have relief, but whose pride (foolish it
may be) prevents them from seeking charity, preferring to perforin useful labor and be paid for so
doing.
rfOW JOHN "DIVIDES UP."
"lu 10 years John D. Eockefeller got $9,2(10,01)0
'income' out of the Colorado mines, ln that time
lo.000 employes received only $92,000,000. Jn
Other words, the 15,000 employes drew only ten
limes the amount given ONE MAN—who never did
a stroke of work in connection with producing this
wealth. This is the profit system—capita-lism. It's
great—for the owners, but not for the workers.
Under Socialism, the workers will be -the owners
and they'll get all they produce.—Pittsburg Socialist."
In reading the above don't run away with the
notion that Socialists are denouncing J, D. Rockefeller as an individual capitalist, the idea is but to
point out the natural result of the "system" which
breeds individuals of which John D. is a product.
Those to blame for this state of affairs are not capitalists alone, but every unit in society must likewise
bear his or her share of condemnation so long as he
or she supports the means whereby it is continued.
As the working class suffer the most it is to their
interest more than lo that of those who are relatively benefited to a certain degree by the "system" to
study how they can put a stop to their many ills.
' The mine is still working two days
a week and quite a strong contingent
pulled their freight during the past
few days for parts unknown. Some,
however, are talcing advantage of the
war situation and enlisting.
Tom Clapham and Geo. Xorley were
spendimg the week-end at home. They
both seem to enjoy serving tlieir King,
so far.
Charlie Prescott w-us home on a visit
to his family this week. He. reports
that this is not the only place where
times are had. •
Daniel Quigley, pit boss, met with
a Very nasty accident on Saturday last.
It appears he was dri\'ing down Main
Street, returning to the livery barn
after a drive, when something went
wrong. Perhaps the horse got startled; anyway, it suddenly wheeled and
kicked clear of the rig, and as a result
Dan ia now lying at time of writing
almost at death's, door with a fractured skull. Nobody seems to know Just
how the accident happened, but the
many friends of Mr. Qulgley hope to
hear of his recovery.
-Mr. John Keith spent, last week iu
Kdmonton attending the I. O. O. F.
Grand Lodge Convention, returning on
Saturday.
John E. Tliornhl-ll and Ernest Ashcroft left Coalhurst this week for Montana to look for a better la.bor market.
Pred Barringham was visiting'relations in Coalhurst last week, he also
being on tha unemployed list.    He left
Ever since they leased the ha-11 on
Pellatt Avenue Local 17 of the S. P of
C. have endeavored to cater for the en-
t*9rtaiiwnent of tlie working class, and
so successful have they been in this
direction that, as was noticed, on Wednesday evening, several of the tocaj.
sentry graced, the hall with their presence. The party can claim to have
succeeded in broadening opinions considerably by their entertainments and
dances, and far from -being considered
a gathering of roughnecks, anyone
who atteuds their dances will discover
an air of refined freedom, com/bined
with a splendid floor surface, and an
orchestra unsurpassed for music and
rhythm. The Hard Times dance' on
Wednesday found nearly one hundred
couples in attendance, and the fact
that the dancers lingered until the
break of day is evidence of the unsparing efforts of the committee and
the appreciation of their patrons.
May tliey have another soon.
On account o-f the fact that the uau.
ies' Benevolent Society had discon-tiuu-
ed the work which they had carried
on for the past twelve years, the Oity
Council,1 at their meeting"Thursday
night, appointed a committee, with Aid.
Jackson as chairman, to investigate
into cases of, distress- in the city proper.
-Mr. Geo, I. B: Bell, formerly, manager of the Imperial Bank of Canada
liere, -who has 'been relieving during
Mr. A. <M. Owen's absence, left on last
night's passenger for Calgary, to which
latter place he was transferred over a
year ago.
Pro v. Depu ty'Assessor H; Clark, ana
Prov. General Assessor y^. Brad-ley,
held Court of .Revision today at the
Provincial Court House.
In the Local Bonspiel this week the
Grand Challenge Cup, presented by
the Fernie Fort Steele Brewing Co.
was carried off by J. H. Wallace's rink,
the latter defeating Burland's rink by
11 to .10.
The funeral of Joseph Kisiloski, i:*-
I'ant son of Mike Kisiloski who, died
on Monday, took place on Wednesday
afternoon from tire" Holy Fa-m-lly
Family Church to-St. Margaret's Cemetery.
&'l£
FRATERNAL  SOCIETIES   WILL
HOLD GIANT SOCIAL
As a departure from the usual dance
the Combined Fraternal Societies will
hold a Giant Soolal. on April 5, Easter
Monday. There will be a good program ot dances and vocal and instrumental music, with cards and games
for the more sober minded.
A joint meeting of the Fernie Board
of Trade and the City Council will be
held In the Council Chamber at 8 pjn.,
Tuesday, March 2nd, to consider the
advisability of resumption of the jnac-
,. , adamizing work at the earliest avail-
after a few days for Calgary, may.be j able opportunity with a view to re-
The.wedding of Donald MoL. Mac-
Lareii. to Layra, youngest daughter of
Mr. and.-Mrs. John Telfer, took place
at the Methodist Parsonage on Feb. 20.
.Miss Evelyn Biggs acted (as bridesmaid,, while Mr. Alt supported the
bridegroom. Mr. and Mrs. Mac-Laren
are spending their honeymoon in Spokane.
L. E. Herohmer, Prov.x Constable of
Maryvllle, B.C., spent a few days in
town this week.
Czar Xiehoias has evidently decided to stamp out
trade unions fm* till time to eome. A Hussion Socialist named Adamoviteh, who was found guilty of
belonging lo a labor union, has been bauished to
Siberia for life. Of his 7;i conrpanions two were
eoiideiiined Iti several years" hart! labor ami the rest
to iiiiprisoniiieii_Hn_a_fortress for some years. Adunu
to get a uniform and "some rations.
A social evening wns well spent on
Friday last in the reception rooms at
the Pacific Hotel. Cards and games
and refreshments were Indulged in.
Thursday, February 19th, John Rob*-.
Gammon and Annie MacPherson, in
St. Matthawte Church, Coalhurst.
J. Lane quit the mine last week and
left for his homestead down South.
NEWS IN TABLOID
"Nelson Xew's" headline: "Swiss
Watch Opposing Armies." A case of
"Every little movement has a meaning
of its own."
The Swedish government offers to
net as "bobby" over disposition if British will release the copper recently
seized.
ALBERTA NEEDS A TRUCK AOT
oviteh's conviction was based on two charges, first,
membership in a labor, union; secondly, editing n
trade, union paper without the censor's .sanction.
This report eonies via Paris and would hardly Imve
been permitted lo pass the censor if it were m»t
true. Tl also appears that the recent strikes at
several points in Kussia. where the workers revolted
when they were on Hie verge of starvation, have
■■*> suppressed, as tihe European newspapers eon-
tain no further details relating to those occurrences.
Hnl new upheavals may fallow -almost any day.
The above dipping from the ''Cleveland Citizen"
would indicate that Hussia's conversion to goodness
since her alliance with the pioneers of democracy
is not yet completed, probably after Phis war is
ended the .Muscovite will be much more in the limelight nnd thc details of his reversion to barbarism
will be thoroiiRlrty exploited, and—"There will be a
reason."
u Norway's flag Is so like the British
emblem that it may furnish the excuse to Germany for sinking a neutral.
lieving the existing local labor distress. Another question which will
be brought ,up for discussion is the
necessity for taking steps looking to
the inauguration of better connection
facilities ibeing made with the Kootenay Central.
Methodist Ladies' Aid will -be held
at the home of Mrs. M. A. Kastner,
Tuesday, -March 2, at 4 p.m.
If the person who stole the line off
Lot 2, Block TO (Annex! requires the
posts, kindly come and fetch them, as
the owner has no further use for them.
Mr. Sherwood Horchmer, of the .u*m
of Horchmer & Martin, left Thursday
morning for Vancouver on receipt ot
news of the death o" his father, Col.
L. W. Herchmer, late Commissioner of
the Royal North-West Mounted Police.
In the voting cohtestfor an Upton
Piano as the grand prize, given hy H
F. (McLean, druggi-st, Miss Agnes
Johnston was the lucky winner with a
majority of over twenty million votes
^k. mm'- n'-'m^'-^ ii'mii-J*.' '■■'■''"■!■' '^.m " ' lap ",'
MRS. A. SAICH, of
Cannington Manor, Sask.,
Writes;—"My brother suffered severely from eczema.
The sores were very exten-
' sive, and burned like coals
into his flesh. Zam-Buk took
\ out all the fire, and quickly
gave him ease. Within three
weeks of commencing with
Zam-Buk treatment, every
sore had been cured."
Thu ii but one of .the many
| letten we are conitantly receiving
' from people who have proved the
healing power* of Zam-Buk.   For
eczema, piles, tores, bums, cuts
and all skin troubles there is
' nothing like this wonderful balm.   S
No skin disease should be con-   B
sidered incurable unttt Zam-Buk   5
has been tried, ™
Alt DrufgUU, 30c, pat Bat.
RlfttitSobtUbdu,
Mrs. Harry Martin ie at present an
inmate of the Hospital, but reports are
she is making satisfactory progress.
Police Magistrate \V„H. Whimster is
spending a well-earned rest at the
Sanatarlum, Banff, Alta.
(1. (!. Mofftitt, Police Commiselonet,
i<   MPtlni*    111    tha    etinaplty    nf    P/illjn
TELL THE TRUTH
I'pun making eiKpiiry we were informed that, in
tho adjoining province of AHiertfl there are condi-
lions prevailing in some of the coal camps which
ought to lie reinodicd at nn early date by the legis-
In live assembly at Kdmonton if thnt body desires
to pla-ee itself in the wurio otegory «h ils Kastern
anil Western neighbor* insofar its the protection of
the wrmajo earner in concerned in his relations na a
buyer of eoniiiioditii* wilh the firm or corporation
by whom he m employed,
There are corporations which do operate what is
known an "Company Stores" when- lhe price*
charged arc no higher than those prevailing else-
where. This h Hie exception, not tlie rule. Legislative bocHi'M in many eoitnlrie* have recognized the! KtrieUeu dislriets of Hashiitehewnu and Alberta. Tn
importance of preveiilitig workers from mifferitig j addition we are making pVoviHion for about #7,f»00.-
.iluni'Vi, hence "trttek act**" lune been passed,. j (KM] or more tu be expended iu the purc|in«e of need
I'robitbly tliohc who have control of "pluck ineM|jiraiu."
«n»re*. are htboriiur under the impression they nrei    The*,, vtiiieineiiu should imt W oiuit|.-d by im-
imi.oine from hui*httive control heeaiii*c there are; miration leelurer* when endeavoring   to   ii'idu.-e
i,„ ^,*tii„.* a, ,}.. iV.mil t AVt,*no \; w'iitt'h iiu*y j inr,m,|»8 j„ th* OM Country to try their f.irtimcK iu
nn Milywt. if mi it \v«r, well for »h»w iinv.'t«*d lo> ,|u, inrrH.ultiintl dititriet* of the liominion
iitiuftit  MteitiHiH.* 'in tlii-s point  when they may      ,.      > ,, . , . ,   ,       , ,    .,    .,,,
1 * -        Hue of the eointiioi iiipliiints heard ill the Old
lii hix budget HpeeHi tihe Milliliter of Kiuillicc (\\\
T. While) stales lhat "in our ordinary expenditure
is an amount of ^2..rilX).00fl wliich will be required
Ihiti year for tlie relief of ilifttrcM* itt lite drought
Dearth of aniline dyes heretofore obtained from Germany compels Britain
to forward law material to Switzerland
for finishing,
Thirty-eight of Winnipeg's civic employees have beeu discharged. The
report Is most of theni -will be absorbed In the water district.
Word comes 'from Ottawa of the introduction of a bill to disfranchise civil
servants at Federal elections and to
disqualify them from holding an elective office, Federal, Provincial or municipal.
Magistrate
Whimster.
In   the   a'OBence   of   Mr.
The Alpine Club are arranging n
miow shoe party In honor of Miss It.
Millar a\Iio Is leaving for Spokane
shortly with Mr. John Rogers ttnd
family.
The fltlzctiH of Fernie are arranging for a grand farewell wnoker lu
Victoria Hall, Saturday evening next,
to be tendered to the members ot the
third Canadian Ovenea-s Contingent,
who leave for Victoria Sunday morning. 28th Inst.
HERE ISH SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a polioy in our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit Uie ends of Ute
earth and you know you're secure.   Tlie best in
FIRE 1NSUR-SiNCE
Is always cheapest, and ospeci-
ally so when lt doefen't cost
higher. Don't de.ay about that
renewal or about tbat extra insurance you want but come right
in ait once and have It attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
80LE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK, tt FERNIE, B. C
It looks as If Ute Hermans were going io "get In Dutch" with the Hollanders beoause of the former's failure to
reply to their note of protest.
A nation-wide peace conference win
be held In Chicago on the 27th and
ustli of this month. Among the men
and women of International and natlonnl reputation who have boon Invited
to address the conference ara the following: Hon. Aiigntt ScJivon. Swelffi*.
Hon, \\*. Morgan Sinister, Washington;
Dr. John Me*, (lermaii): Mme. Rostku
Kcliwlimnor, I»tidit|ie»t, Hungary; Mm.
I.mla Anie-* Mead. Huston; IltiuitUon
Holt. New York: Samuel nompe-rn,
Washington: Morris Hllliiult, Xew
York: I»r. Chnrle* R. Jotfemon. New
York: Hon. J. Stltt Wilson, California;
italitil Stephen S, Wine, NVv*. York: Dr.
atnei J. Walsh. Xew York,
AN OUTSPOKEN CLERIC
We are Indebted to a eonten»i»r»r>'
Rev. D. li, D, Robertson. Chaplain
103rd Regiment, preached a farewell
sermon to the members of the Third
Coiititt<M>iit Overseas Contingent, last
Sunday night. A and R Company,
liiilrd Regiment, headed by the Roy
Hcntiu nul bugle tifind. accompanied
the Third Contingent to Church. Mr.
llrburtsan Mptike very feelingly, wishing tlie Iiojh liodnpecil and u nafe re
turn.
CENTRAL HOTEL
Large Airy Rooms and Good Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
A. Lindley. of Crouton, was In town
UiU we-sk and report* Ihe presence of
nuiii in that welt-known region.
Sir, and Mr*. A. M. Owen came in en
tbe Q. N, train from Fortlainl and other
Comt cltl-ftM wtt«rc ihey have been
-pending their honey moon, The happy couple will he "at home"' to their j
nwiti)*' fMpni!.-* at thiM.r n-cw honw, «
ner Mnlii itntl Frlrtr Street*.
_ The —
I   '!
Waldorf Hotel
Mn. S. Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
Menu a la Carte
yyu ..■:i\*,rxx,-*t,-,. ■»|.i»»,t«'lu.-h:u..!trMiii.ih»vrii1.,,ion,: ..w„„p,, ,o|)| „„ llf „„, i,,|v,„,|m!p.h nlioiit |    '"»• »"v- W. II
..,, tt„> j.,,,1 /,r any e,„,,].,v,.r, I- pay ««„e. in miy  f)||,mk, lf| , Wj(< ,„„ Hft,(, ,H ^ h|m|||| |||<( ^
„!l„r  „„m»,er tlr.u. tli.i.iuil, Dt, uie.l.nt.. of Hr«l ■ .,.,.,„. „       „ „,,„,,, ,,„ fl,r ,M„h,, f,(, „„ |l„,.,i<),
N-iiili'i' or it»* *'-Hii)V>ilctit.
If jNiytii-'!i« In* iujuIi' ntli *ru ■»■  tl--- jiai'ly I'eeliinr
'sim-M-lf  kjuiviI mi*y Inn «• twiiir*-!* t<* the  'oiirts fur
•I.*  *,:>,, .**«-*   ..f  v ,■)'»■»<« i| Hi   U'.i*:  ft ;!.'! r-^-f- •  nf lh,- f.t.'t
In* muy lu**,' hhmiI h*|iii! |nir*Htrti-> to lie |»art \,»\
.--•'-,»   a,   liniiHtt.  iii    iiiil.'iiHIWIii*
"i'*i.<  ll'iiii'i':-'!-!   •,-*,.(,i-i' .l.u   ii <n  -nr*    v  ,.i,-|i,(i-,i   l,if
11.*'  (j*-*)*!!*•*-•<m   i,( . **\ I'Vitt'j  ili*»! fit-In,   ta*',   j»r»m liM-f"*.
-i'i,,-.•**.',,rt-  %**•   ,\ ui,li| iii-.*»«> thf |»i»rl:,'*nitfriinr-»   »»->ir«-
■»i>r-j};it;n*-,  nf   .\Mii-rt;i  '.«  f.'llcr ;»i>«ioti  T,,  ff-ltcfy  tlii'
-tlefieit ?i>-\ .uul i-i»«»'! |t'i!i«ii-)tti>ii U* \*r*'X*mni tin- <*oii-
HIMMlit'-' till   |f*»- ••Mtll-iy-  XltnttV
WHAT CAN FSSNIB DO TO RIUBVE
DISTRESS?
sl*t|vtiil»jt«ej*.
nini'toiHi| if Imili tin- jr«nM ami l«i<l fetilttre* \vr,t-
IcMi-rihctl. In- an-..' tin-it a mail wotilit ki»»U" what In
<-* ;<i'-'t ami uuilic |)re|»iiinliimx ae-cunliuitU'.
Irwin   MnthutllM j
preacher, Athabaten, In at lean orlgltt-
Ml.   Not content with dldturhlng lh*
uluggttli tliotiRht of tbe orthodoi by i
FERNIE LAND DISTRICT
Dittrlet of Koottna^
Take iiHilte that WII.MAM SCHAH,
nf Hull River, f»riwi«r, lateiida to ami)!
for |i«-rtiilii§!uii to ptirthase the follow
,1
w»ri("ii of *«»ri«on« b*%**d on pn)*holoil- ] 'n« de*«frlhetl Itimtii;
al nnd 1-rlfHtlflr
Special Rate Board and Room by the week or month
MEAL TICKETS $6.00
facti, he annoumei;   ^owmenelng al a  pout pluite-t at'jS
Hn   lu- -ivH,   ,-,.,:,   o„   the  ^WJ^^^^^^/X!'"!!;!*
Eor«fe« Plin loom lain
50c k OiiwanU
Anwrtaa Han lain
ti.MAUpwanh
Tin* i* null  j,t»|, iuul «e .Ion '1 think « (lov-r,.-1 f'''l"' U*%1 f,,,",? ,,W,,(!° ^ ,'°l* j «•!»»««• more or lean to tb«» nona-VMtH
''Mlo«Hairi.ek»al«-r UyiiiiaMnHiMhiltMrnef «T Ut  IH;   tbettre north  l*j«
'i.'.'. (..,«.«,» it**, iif'ttt uu euatnby, im^e y ■'*"'*' **<**<*' »-'«*  **»•* t** m itat%tie**i,l
*-.ri,it..l Hut'.MnmUiemm-;, »t * ITT nf  'MmV'   """,""  *'XV   '*'"'
9ntHi«»  »*.•.. i..t.   •        i-i   . ,chain*   uiwe «r  ie**  tw  .*   i.i>Uu  uu
*..MIt.«  j.r,n.-lp'«. In   wlt-.l,  tt. one, : wmI llw of Ul i«*C«, iVi.h, »«M«h ta J
in,.iii  s*|hi!i1i| in*r*'i»'l tlti'ir ."fi.itl*.    in    it*.,.    !<'.',/'s> {*
e-ltf. *. tu'ml.l \»* fV-u-"! hi is !t.,f-,t* '.r.ute wlirtf tl.t ! 'Ui
l»rt»t»«-r!y t<» In- j»iir<'hj(»t'i1 i< <m tlw vrotuul, I*hm«h»m,>| *
-non-■*)• ut* Inter tin- truth will ..ur. itt;-! lltm Uie -lu i
»; Imfut'tinii Imvoihc* riiiiiiifi *!.
^i^0j*™i
Id M I-
in r>
Mr   trvv'i,
in l»r.
It U ..»!',!]*! ,n J'Jlil11-' lv'a!'1' «''.?e*» to ti tun'.
t«ntn\ *»e" -)»»<*■»« f-ft f'»ntr»»ftt'ntf tlie nx**iiti*i* wurh
'-* h**\% ,<,■'.» I •»"i*s»*5» ?.*• »*,il;»- i*-imI-» mt^t * '**      '    '    "***""""""'"   '      *~" "
Th.- fniiir. [*r***n**','t h *.y te* m.uim brijrht njfanl.      I*t«"j'eet for tlie law will mil |M. ittereMM*«I by lh.-
U^ »-,f th*' fs«'«*«i.i*|«fiv m:,t*ti «•<'•■?>• ««ffort to |ir»i.  (**"*- that <'. |fttiil<*>r 0»in-e if.it fivi year* fw **t..iili»i«
Atum ji rrtnrtt h> |.ni»i». r»ty m th. Spriti*.     The *-J/lO<MinO frrnii a lf*n»|>hia banlt ami an 1« >.-..ro|.|
';'"■'.■'. ;,'   ',■ V,i i '■...,*.■   -I.,   t.v..'. '.Si,   ,•.!,!■,>.*;  tV,.,i. h".r fn* 'tft y.'ftrv fnr if<**ilhttx t", fWIfr-itn u 'mul: nt\
^■(♦r*#»*t* i»rtfib-* i»r»*l o-ttaCn-nsiliy' » tt-vt ••rnmlt* of  ■ awittv«\ tiklahmnA.
,* ,f f 'i.m " , T'tr"i,-'. rit-iViS! 1*ni. ;■* nVn-.-i-U »,l,tl AH iii*-ii nrt i<pxn) Ufforr- tbr Ia-w. Im1 flfti-r lhe
*•■»! t'<* i - .* ft p'-rnMi-fitf '•wtliiti-.tti *nnl#*r |m-*'»i Inm'n «lerr»NMi hiiv** Iteen »ntiflt«ii»«l Ihe "ii|iiaHtvM
«t,rnf *,r**t«, t"-% t-rthfli^t* Itefotin* er,* lrw»w wr* mmt ■ of ■»».mM,rn'i»r»t i« tfiverw* rnl'm fo tit*** wfifwity of the
. ilie * .me V.tuf it nn ri'n-tfm wfiy wn* tthmW give np -If. me, Tfi * let* jrotl steal, thp mow fWI iret, Ihe
tbt* tK<"»* "«**«•• ■ nw ymi **««•. th# lew ywi pit.
ft "nl li.. ft an   l.v lil« ev.iii*!.lnf lM   ml*''   ^^^ *°mh  "' rhn,m
., p      ,    "   "*' ,J "'   u"0"' ! «N'.n- «r  !•••-*  to thi* v\nr* ol  torn.
Tio- foregomfr ri-iiuirk* X\,- roiciib-r t?isn-ly . ii .t-ll'"'" «* b*le jf(.tiitpi! »flw*« il-tsroiit wm-j m#nWB,^*„|* cmtnieine l» <«e*w«« more
.*     *,;:,*   -n    «.,».,«.«   •\|.|I'.«M-.I    ilirn-KI   HIM.IK.I    =4* - » ,'    ^     "..-',  *"'     '"*"«*'/'*«*:«»    •*»*,■*»•«•*•.
'"■" l" <m- *1»ll»^ltl*'»-     '" ^^ ",n>   ^' "M.'v,.. ,.',f i!,ii, i-.H^w J^lik' Asm
rin- j.iMiiri* iimi %hmx- n ini^iiiu' irlatiee of the «»tli-rf.1Bn,oriu tm mtelofatf, with nnmow*4
i<* ii.ii jmitlitetm- of r^KiMi't for the iiiieftrity of «Jl»'HflB« to ion«rnriirr ftocf-allum, Mr,
•iovenmient when loler it U lettrht by bitt.-r . \;t--n. |rr*1"*"' »***»** ^«»<'' til) ihf -Phwr»h.
**,** .on. in.' *nih»m* tnUli mm* «•»> t»»i«l. I    .«-.*.. ..-«■ »*>,«» *.****■*,**..,
•OCIALItT PAHTV Or CANADA
Fithnwri |«ih„ UH'.
in'.i*l,   fii-iui*,,,
Aptilknut.
ffiHRWRS
9"
;ctai}!8il&. SsitaWsrt
mt votnf. in th* ^mli. r*»«*tll«#n^  WM#* «B«k!tHi««  chalm      Apply, j
Ttl IlKiV'T   Two F»fm!*h*i ttonm*; j
•*i'o:i;itif..     .\y.S,  U-Al*r.ih:id Am,
tt',- iitn*-*i to atti»iiiil n ni-^tinu to lw
h*hi In thi» sliK-l»|'*t itjiif.. jJ.mrfrtv V*S
'l\ik, m s..:ti j> m
TTtf nnff,rt».f» of ibi- rr>f*i1*v 1* in »IS».
.••ii»i<. ihe qiicrtluTi ftt (inrll-sairiiihty nx
tion fnr tbe a«tt Pravtaettt oleotkm
*t,4 ;., otmimte Mitalte cntieMnxe nn TOR IMUMHATK SALK-Ow rnM
r*vr*mnmitt et Uw patty. Alt wtwUow; S->aar-o*U; e*tvwl Mcowt enlf
haw n pttt-Aom «»«l tno tmttttt4 tn\om VHh homwy VitmblM.. Apiptr
rntr* inn tot*. ft. y ThwmwiMi Cm. Tontrmmrm, Alt.
isty0mmmm
....l—* aT ^y^tjf /:
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C„ FEBRUARY 27,1915.
fAGEFIVB
&■& •♦ -tt* <*
of The  District
♦ ♦
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Tlie mines were idle up here Saturday, also on Wednesday.
.lactk .O'Brien of Corbin was a visitor
in cam|p ilurlng'^tlie.week-end. '
The ifchool children under the tuition
■of .Miss Townsend are preparing   a
. "novelty" for the concert to be held
-on March 24th.    Look for attractions.
A case arising out of contravention
of the CoaljM-ines Regulation Act was
lieard In Fernie on Saturday before
Capt. Stalker.   Result, $10 and coets.
A large numiber of our young men
have visited- Penile lately for the purpose of enlistment in the third contingent.
• A suggestion as to haw to trap the
•chicken coop raiders would ibe heartily
welcomed in this camp. Our local
teamster i-s the latest victim, who invites tbe parties concerned to come
nntl take the balance.
The following have been successful
In their application as volunteers from
this camp: Harry McAdam, Tom Bert
ram, Robert Forsyth, Edward Moon
unci -Fred Ha-ftot.
•Mr.- and'Hra. Harry Bogle and family
have letft camp on a visit to the old
'country. Their many friends wish
them a pleasant journey.
Will, ail local ".Moose" endeavor to
put in an appearance at the Smoker
Social on Monday, March 1st, to commence 7.15 sharp. Members are re-
quested to bring a male friend. Any
member not receiving: a ticket please
Apply to R. Billsborough.
Gunner D. F. Townsend, of the Royal
<iarrlson Artillery, writing to his par.
-puts In Coyote Street from somewhere
in Fran-re, after several matters, of a
in mily nature says: "I aim kicking
around here in the best of health. We
get plenty to eat, and we have a very
comfortable dus-out and have more
fomforts than we expected. We* have
hnd scarves and gloves issued out to
its, and ln all our engagements we have
•been fortunate enough not to have a
solitary -casualty in our battery, and
1 feel just as safe as I would be tit
home. Remember me to all the boys
and relatives," He concludes'With the
ltope for a speedy termination of the
war.
Methodist   Church -- Suiidu>,   ±:id
-3MJV,T-SaRd*8}<-Seh©Ol-^Su-Blbie-CiHBHr
7 p.m.. Prayer meeting; 7.30 Baptislm-
old country, Jack Hopkins reports having had a high old time.
Coleman Hockey Club played aj
friendly gamic with Pincher Creek
on the Skating rink last Wednesday
evening, the ico being in poor condition only two twenty minute periods
were played.     Coleman won -by 2—1.
A dance in aid ot the ruiids of the
lawn band- iwas held in the Opera
House-on Tuesday evening, the music
being supplied by the newly organized
Coleman   Orchestra,  and* judging  by j
the   favorable   comments   acquitted
themselves   creditably.      Mr.   Disney
was floor master and everything pass-,
ed off all right.   There was a good at- j
tendance. j
Thomas Jackson and Ruth Sudworth
were united In marriage at St. Alban's
Cliureh on Mond-ay evening by the Rev.
Mr. Shires, M.A.
the weather for a few days. Hope lo
see him around soon.
As Friday was their pay day, a number of our soldier boys .-were up from
Pincher.
Saturday was pay day here but uo
one was noticed with a wad calculated
to asphyxiate a horse.
A number of of Slav brothers were
paying the penalty for exuberance on
Monday last.
An Austrian was arrested on Saturday charged with a serious offence,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ • ♦
♦ GEORGETOWN   NOTES        ♦
marks that "the problem of coal dust
is being attacked in a much more serious manner than it was even twelve
months ago." Underground "the dust
is being cleaned up regularly," and at
the surface arrangements (dust extractors, spraying, etc.), have .been
made to prevent -dust, passing down the
shafts. At many collieries the main
roads are being stone- dusted—chiefly
with flue dust, and ai some, fine sprays
of water either stationary or actuateo
by the sets of tubs, are in operation on
tlie main roads, Steel tubs have -been
largely introduced.
York and North  Midland.—"Whilst
any land, and any unfordable lake,
pond, river, or sea is deemed to be a
lawful fence. Fences constructed before the passing of the now Act under
the requirements of the old measure
are deemed to be lawful fences within
the meaning of the new Act.—'Labor
Gazette.
NIGHT SCHOOLS
A short time ago we made mention
in th6se columns that tlie Government
intended to open night schools for the
benefit of all those desirous of improving   themselves,   more   especially
HILLCREST
'llie mines worked three days last
week.
A few of the boys were visiting here
from Pincher laBt week.
Two of the widows -who, lost their
liusbalidis in the explosion returned; to
the Old Country on Saturday night,
Mrs. Pounder and Mrs. Hansford and
children. Many friends saw them off
at. the station.
Wo understand thc operators aro
meeting quite often at the Frank Sanatorium.
Some of our citizen got a free ride
to Bellevue last week for various offences.    $25 and costs was the result.
BELLEVUE
, A public meeting will be held Friday
for the purpose of showing suitable
recognition to the quota from here to
the contingent now at Pincher Creek.
IJ. Rinaldi met with a slight accident
last week.
Prohibition lecture lu the Methodist
(lliu rch Wednesday next,
A special meeting will be held o-f
Jjocal 431 next Sunday to hear the dele-
jai tes'rgiiort of the CoiLVBnticn^_M£uu
Mine worked fhe days la j: week.'
Pay day was an idle day.
-Most of the miners here are reoei-*.
ing less than the mlninmum wage, and
the only satisfaction .they get is the advice from the pit boss to dig more coal.
There will be more work for the District Of-ficars in this camp ln the near
future.
A surprise party raided the home ot
Air. aud Mrs, Tom Rawlings last week
and enjoyment reigned supreme until
2 a.m. There was dancing and singing Interspersed with refreshments of
a substantial stamp and as a finale to
the program a most enjoyable two-
round boxing bout was indulged in, the
principals being   the   champion lady
there has been,"  says Mr.   Mottram, J touching upon those subjects dealing
"considerable activity in some collier-1 with industrial pursuits.     It is intend-
ies in the removal ot accumulations of
coal dust and some improvement in
keeping the roads freer from coal,
there is considerable room for improvement in reporting the steps taken to
comply with Section i>2. Iu Yorkshire, the tubs nre. on the whole, more
dust proof than those in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. Quite a number of collieries are being stone dusted
in respect of the ma in roadways.
Lancashire, North Wales, and Ireland.—(Cleaning up of coal dust was being largely practised, and in many col-
lierles stone dust is there applied in
proportion varying from two to four
of stone dust to oue of coal dust. In
some collieries watering is practised.
Mr. Nicholson says on the whole the
weekly earnings; maximum 10s.
At i regular meeting of Cigar Mak-
Pe;-iod after which lump sum can be'ers' ""io" *°- 9". c* M- J- u* of A«
if   claim   not   settled by
-- Arbitrator    or    county
substituted for weekly payment.—-Six
months.
Tribunal,
agreement,
court. ■
Regulation lor injured worker leav- j
ing the commonwealth.—If permanent*
incapacity likely, quarterly substituted j
for weekly payments. !
i
Commonwealth Sfiamen's Compensation Act j
The Coin mon wealth Seamen's Com-1
pens-ation Act, 1911, in the definition ot;
employers, includes "any body of per-!
sons corporate or unincorporated'
fistic of the park and a male George-1 "insures adopted to prevent the ac-
' cumulation of coal dust shows considerable improvement, but adds that
"even  yet  I  am  afraid many  under-
officials do not fully appreciate the
dangers nrising -from coal d*ust as seriously as they should do." Not a great
deal of progress has .been made towards rendering the tubs dhst proof.
South Wales.—Tin- dustleBt collieries in the Kingdom exist in this Division and Us record in respect of colliery explosions is a very bad one. It
is surprising, therefore, that more has
ed -to hold classes during the winter
session and the establishment of these
Is expected to take place during the
month of next October and continue
until-the March of the year following.
We-liave now received details of-the
prospective syllabus, this, of course,
is subject to amendments and extension as the exigencies of the case may
determine.
,  Mining Course—First Year
Each student should have a pair of
■compasses, a pair of dividers, -a protractor, two st-t squares and an accurate .rule graduated in inches and
centimeters.
Arithmetic to include vulgar and
decimal fractions; their meaning and
application for practical purposes. Percentages, averages, areas, weights, volumes, extracting of square root. Geometry—Straight lines and angles, simple solids, scale drawing. -Mensuration
Properties of the  triangle, parallelo
gram and circle, simple plane and solid .agreement.—If seamen entitled to Coin-
figures, rectangle, circle prism, trian- iuonwealth old age pension, amount of
gle cube (solids to be drafted and cut compensation and pension together not
til service, followed by communion service, conducted by Rev, D. M. Perley,
Vernie. Wednesday, 7.30 p.m., Bibli-
vnl discussion. Two papers will be
niven, AM welcome. Friday,.? p.m.,
■choir practice.
Preabytertsn Church.-Sunday 2.30
li.iii.. Sunday school; 7.30 p.m., Gospel
.service. Conducted by supply. All
welcome
COLEMAN
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A Bellevue interdict t taught he h*d
nothing dice to do but cdme to Cole*
mnn. have a drink and go back again.
Hut Corporal Grant hnd a think com-
Iiir, too, and tlie drink cont the Iml-lvl-
-dual In quertlon $10,00 and cost*.
Another Oovernnwnt grant of $5U0
wan received by the Council last woek
toward! the relief work -being done on
the Bluff.
Mr*, Jl. An till umleuwout uu operation J« theWiners' Hospital on Mon-
day.
The Grand Russfen Ukrenlan Troupe
Milted Coleman Saturday Imt. Those
who understood tbo language evidently
injured th-eiue.-olveg.
Monday laat n hockey match played
«t Coleman between Indie* of Coleman
mnl Frank resnlte-l In favor ot ibe 1st-
ter. :i-a,
Civil Cok wulv-wl »«r«l l»*t week
that t:l«. famous wlwhalr fox terrier
hiti'ti. timveflelil Minn, ltnd captured
ull ihe principal |irlw>e at the Kdtnon-
ton Hi-Mutt flub rthow.
.tons please note.
nie regular meeting of Local 431
convened as usual the Vice-President
■' In chair.   The first Item was an appeal from a brother who has been laid
ott since September last, and judging
from statements contained in appeal
the principal Item of diet for the brother nnd his family must have been
oxygen ad lib.   The next appeal, worse
than the previous one, was that of a
brother's iwlfe wbo Is resident ln Frank
and at present being kept alive by the
charity of the neighbors and thc Rev.
Young.   Following these appeals came
(lie question ot sharing up the work.
With a view to a more equitable distribution the Pit Committee were Instructed to see tbo management Tbey
were also asked to question the fairness of charging tt man who hns been
Idle (for use of locker, and why men
with one day should be charged doe*
tor, union dues, ete.   Tlie meeting considered -the desirability or all men stay-
Ing home when three whistles blow.
Also that a large number of miners
were In the habit ot working when
there was work for the haulage crew,
and that those places which the man-
jiitcmeiit consider development places
town middle weight.     The referee de
clared the bout a draw.
Fred, the cow juice vendor, bought
Tom ilussey's shack and gave his
bachelor friends a house warming.
•Three mineworkers were taken be-
i fore the judge at Canmore charged
wdth one of the meanest crimes a man
can commit, robbing tools from a fellow worker. One was relieved ot
$ I.'i.OO tis u punishment, the other two
being let off with u milder penalty'of
$6.00 each.   We hope this lesson will
not be lost on this brand of expropria-, ,    . .
(ors • ;. up the coal dust and taking precau-j ",llles aml mine operating, encourage-
The boys who witnessed the hockey!t!ons t0 ™«or what remai«s *"»0™-  ment f homf rfad!nb;   ,
match between the Calgary Vies and  «»s <*her *>' *°™ dusting or water-;    Mooks-required for the hist mention-
ins of roofs and sides as well as the [ *u subjects — 1 he Ulack Diamond
■ floor. So bad Is the record in this re-1 Reader—Nelson—A Primer of Coal
i spect, as sliown in the evidence given j -MiniiiK.
i in the inquiry Into the Senglienydd dis-. The Fifth Header, Free-text book
aster (which occurred on the 14th Oct-: Dept. These books should not be taken
cber. l!»i;i) that proceedings were In- j^r'^» tlie_school roonybut may be pur-
IQ_GOBR£SRONOENT-S- ^rtihned^^Th^rnTTFmvnerSrSseiit and -OiHBMTromTHe teacher
! m-nnagcr of that colliery. :,°
Nature of work to which the acti
applies.—Navigation or working of'
ships registered In Australia. Seamen j
shipped under articles of agreement in ■
Australia while under Commonwealth '
i
law nre Included. I
Workers   expressly   excluded—Sea-
men on vessels ordinarily propelled by I
oars and those in naval tind military •
service. !
Km ployer not liable to pay compen-j
sation for.—First week of injury ifj
worker - disabled for less than two j
weeks. !
In the event of employer's insolvency j
the full amount of compensation must
be admitted as a first charge on assets.
Compensation in case of incapacity.
—Weekly, payment — half average
weekly earnings. .Maximum 30s. (No
maximum total liability.
Compensation to workers over CO
years of age who have entered into an
out of stout paper). Klementary sur-
veyins:, mapping, drafting, freehand
sketching from machine details, etc.
Fnglish — Penmanship,     spelling,
sraiiHiiatiea 1 errors, letter writing, per-; weekly earnings.     Maximum ]0s.
suntil and biislness.^onipositlon, simple!
to exceed 20s. weekly.
Coin-pen sation for workers under 21
years of tige earning less than, 20s.
weekly.—Weekly   payment —- average
not been done In the way of cleaning; descriptions and narration relating to;
tiie pick of the  Park, report as the
best of the season.
We would respectffully call
attention to our out-of-town
correspondents that they mall
their communications so as
to reach ns on Wednesday
morning, as the train service
having been cut down to one
train dally, mail which heretofore lias reached us early on
Thursday morning, now Is not
delivered before noon, and lu
the event of being behind time
reaches us too late to appear
In the Issue for which it In Intended.
Fifth Reader
Third Arithmetic, 45c. p    [
In  rosp'cet of the removal of coal: ' Second Year
I dust from the underground roadways j    "Pi»l!<'<l Knallsh. Arithmetic, Geome-
icf the mine, the words of the Act are.' try.   Me-i-urntloii.   Mapping,  DraMnn
! "The floor, roof, and sides of the roads ■ »>»l  Freehand  Sketching,    (More  atl-
! shall be systematically cleared so ns  winced work t:i:in In first year.i The
j to prevent, as fnr as practicable, coal; A,r- Mll,p c!(l*es' T»,k8 °" Canadian
: dust accumulating."    Doubt has exist- • Citizenship.
- ed in the minds of some colliery -maii.i-i *
' |OPPOSE PROP08ED DUTY
Period after which lump sum can be1
substituted for weekly payment. Six;
months.
'Tribunal—If claim not settled by
ticreenient. —- Arbitrator or county
court.
Regulation for' Injured worker leaving'the Commonwealth.—If permanent
incapacity likely, quarterly substituted
Tor weekly pay ments.—H, C, Federa-
t-ienist. —
held on January 22, 1**'f>, in city of
Boston, the tollnwing resolution was
adopted: 1
Resolution
"WHEREAS, the American Fed-
eration of Labor recognizes the right ■
of every working man and woman ln
this country to work in t'ho fields of
wealth production, lu maintain tind
sustain their ever}day life for tbem-'
solves mid  their dependents;
■*\Vherc:i>, the above organization
is the greatest organized movement
in tliis country today based upon the
co-operative movement, which represents justice to till iiud special
piivileues to none.
"Whereas, in wealth production
production the object must be to
make the laws so that production
and consumption shall meet on an
equality, so that every producer shall
receive the full value of their efforts niven to Society, In the change.
anil Intel-exchange of commodities
and
"Whereas, the hoars of labor -will
have to be reduced In proportion
that every man and woman wishing
work shall have the right, whether
native or foreign born.
"Therefore be it resolved by Cigar-
makers Union 07 of lloston, In meeting assembled, that the only solution of this great nuestloti lies In
the abolition of the (Exploitation of
all labor by the inauguration of law
along the lines of allowing the American Federation of Labor to take
over all the functions of wealth production nnd the ushering in of the
Nation's Commonwealth of these
United States of America, where life,,
liberty and the. pursuit of lifppiness
will be real, anil settle the oriental
question.  •
♦EDWARD IJUODBRS. Pres.
IH3XRY ARKAHAMS, Secretary
The subject of extending the fran.
j chise to soldiers is under discussion
iu the Federal bouse, the mover of the
resolution stating that the men making the sacrifice for the empire should
nol. be disfranchised. Civil servants
to be disfranchised as is the case In
Ccrmauy; military servants, although
absentees, to be given the franchise.   . '  '       -
"All lfaff! Democracy!
*
eXTRACT FROM THE
8PEECH OF W. B. WILSON,       I
SECRETARY OF LABOR|
What we netul. In handling trade dis- i
pules, and what we have attempted tu'
select lu handling trade disputes, is
men who have had experience and who'
nre level-bended nntl understand the
iiH'Inilcnlttlon of -the subjccl-iiiatUi'
■liey are dealing with. You cannot take
a man who has had no experience, you ■
tniiitot take a man who know* uoth-
gi-rs and others as to the Interpretation of these words, some interpreting
the requirement as If It read "steps
shall be taken as far ns practicable, to
clear, etc.," which ls -obviously wrong.
Tbe floor, roof and allien must be systematically cleared, nnd the clearance
must he such nn to prevent in far as
practicable the accumulation of dual-
must -be tho mdst efficient possible for
the purpoae.-'Selpnce ond Art of Milling.
ON OIL FUEL
LAWFUL FENCES
eliould either*, stopped or mare men j        ^ „
Placed In  hem.   Whether I I. n mm\ ff
of 'Tiiittd-We  U»t,"  of  '■•''•■"—•  "-1
we
1 or lhe benefit of many of ou-
townspeople who have from time to
time complained about the depredation* cdttxe.'l by wandering cows pre-
ferrliiK to nam ale their (tirleu paU-tn-R
instead of rustling for hay, hereunder
we reproduce the term* of the Aet
showing whnt constitutes n lawful
fence.
If your feme does not comply with
these regulations It will be advltut^ihii
.   *  .     .     .Wl!*l!?*r »•«-!< •«"<>»» tor '<•'•» *cul«meitt of a trade
*verhaveetiJo)^.iiJo>*edlU^»tlfle( w ,,.,,„      ,    ,
prosperity In  this mnp   cant  n>*iMltn from Mt „„„,,;„„ ,„,„ „    Y    > imt It In order for the forthcoming
bnt the above U *x brief resume of, ^ m  ^   aprlng.
| preaent conditions. -
j Horn—To Mr. and Mrs tl. Caravanah,
;ii dauirhter,
j Ted Litherland, who ht»* been o'f
! work since last March through Injury,
i has re-entered tbe hospital.
After « three month*' holiday In the     Mr. Williams, miner, ha* been tti»l»r
f
Weighing Words.
An Advertising Expert tayt, "The mtn who
MO&m mm a****** **>* .minob im ******* mtmj tn>
mon, it tht oot who gftt a wpowtton fof toUdhy
in hb community. AdwtiMft ahouW rwntmbtr
thi*. SgBggttatfon it futile—it doaa not confines,
Ariifc from tht motility of th« matter, It do« not
pay lo intuit tho inttUittne* or ttrtteh tht cfid-
ttfty of jtm p^»«e ok • ttpmtton tor twtfc*
ful advtrtitinf. and ptoplt will go a long wtjr out
of thtk rnntt ♦« Ai bmAmm wftft wtt "
Oood advice and fortunately foJkwed by aou*
ly an our local advtrtitcr*.
"KiM-Tlenee.
And so, in parrying out the uork of
tlie deimrtnieni, wo have Invariably si*
it rUil tiite tii.iii who iuul n terhiiiiiil
»-,--*uleiU' ot Cu- .can-, im aeeit Irwin
the xtitiliHiltit o! the worker; and we
i-K'leetetl emu-- who hud a technical e*
'.,»-r:t>m*v ;inil n'lirniwleiliw of the dlainl-
p-.-liii if (li-- em phi-tern, and we hnv«
net* ilione t««» men Into the tmd« dispute «<Miillilnti>- with li)8lni-i|i>iiK to en-
tltttvor to bring tiliotit" » *< ttlenit-iit of
he difficult)' itjMiii « btml* tliat wgiiM
Sn' Ihm ifi all jMiri!e« -toitfenied; be.
fiMM, .ifter nl), nh,',e **■ tivnitv inilii»*
trial j«ei<e ami we waul ll permanent-
-I -t..'r«"»li»,< «!v-.' »?i,'t* .■.*,» fc» i«» jnc:
tv nt tnriti<<tr?-.tl I-. .vt- tlmt fr not
iM-w-i ujHiii tfulimtrlsl Jiwtlre.
PfttVtNTfON  OF  COAL  OUST
Tlie  ptmlnloii*  under  lba  betiding,
.,. «,        ■, -  ,.       *
H-*   *»'*• i»i.«%•**-*i -i», ■»•> ■ • ■*.
I •.lit ? l/i'ier, ih-)-. from  Hie jn-'nl  -tf
view of i-isfet), auttttiMl the mtt lw-
IMirtam and far-reaehlna «f iJk« An,
He therefore reviews In  »"»m•-• -Wtill
Railway and Steamship Interests Walt
On Premier who will Place Matter
Before Ottawa Government
VICWI:l \ Ht'.. Keb, 22.--Strong
oppovtir-i to the repj*fsent:itlons ot
con I nilii'ns Interests for support fn
securing ti duty on fuel oil wus made
by a large and Influential delegation
which waited upon the premier this
morning. All the railway and steamship lines in British Columbia were
represented In the delegation und large
manufacturing-Intor-usis were also In-
eluded.
Capt Troup, superintendent of tha
f-unndhin l*aclflc Hallway uteamshlp
ner vice. Htiiled that in addition to the
Ittr-se <iivt-»cini*wit hi till burning equipment for lhe comiwny'* nteamer*.
which would have to be Jicrappeit nml
coat burning apparatus Installed at a
high cunt, the AlanK.i run would Imve
to be abandoned um ut pnneiit it w»»
not paying, K W. Petem, general mi-
lii'Hiitoritleii' nf ilie ('aiitelian Pacific
l{:i*l«;i>. RlrojiBl) titaet! full < ou-iltbevi-
*' '■   !'.'..,     ,*.,,.     ■',■■ ,1-       tlttl      *,,t**ltt     i*l
culm'   lilt-   ln»-«  of  HMi'lt   l.il'Ke  line*'-
ii'i'til- !i«   *, i"fi<  n-iirc «'i It*-! l'i   r.'i'i'.t ,'
THE
mm**
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE        '
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES
In the Pass.—
Convenience." -
ANO JENTLEM6N
J. A. ©ALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
An Act to amend the "Trwpa-"* A"',"
widen* t!u» Interpretation of Ine Ac;
....,!  .......»if, i.,i   liii.illiiiOH ill H ll-rtl-ll
feiiee.      I'lidcr the oM  A< t  u  ItAf.tl
fi-iM'e  v.--- r-e-i'»!"«l to be .it Umi>; f»»>u,     , , .     ,
fm nine lneh«s high above the gen«.nil:<t"<  "*«,!"»*''!" «l«'i»m..i.t »n.l   j. ant
warfare nt tl.e aroiinl. ami .ahstanilal-M01" *i,mn" "m' ,,,,n,l"K "[ (m[ ^
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
\V« will furuish your liouse from cellar to garret and st hot*
'.ti-.'.i prices.   Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention,
if you are satisfied, tell ethers.   If net satisfied, tell us.
Coleman
Alberta
i*«»/»y*J*
3£PC3!
ibtir* nbrn list *<:*trmh*i**l:..sn**,l Iftm* .
onM* *m tttkn**-***, mtramrb, i-rmfiniwg' "**•
dulirs c* when irrn»fs»l •mtiiK"-' fxl-ti* t    r< to ** n* *t < -i '■> t  <>
Th* l«r»t  |»!!ii*4ri»n» pn<nl  «ui  tha!  r,, ,* ^-.   ,it.;.- »Jf n - -
dnrtn-i' rl- jik-ww .afoni tie- 14*ir»t >Immi!i1 ", ,rnit*tt „„  t -■nt* -, ■ .
t«- wmwI<- ruh jiiA purr Attd Mi»-chv wk-   ... .*.,,,/
t**t tet ».« iwt*f* KmbImwi a.ntm* tbe «* «<lm«m . »w  t t
iiwM.nr*--* for tlw-- iMreremintii ot tb*
letter item n'..l S.-imt .ttt* tn-iii* ear*
r!«-I out In Ibe different |»lvlf|<in».
McittiaNd.-'-^Feriii-n-ai'-e'y the nm-hro
*>f th*' tnln** nre *-l nr tltm, iSiroiiKl-
ont, bol there aw mines whlrh s*rt- tr*
■n-ii il««ij in pirt* aUtlnrto tlu- e*
mmu**t ttt tb* tin-**, in s«eh mtne» h •*
■«m»i fiititiitsct lm »*N- tin*', on lhe fl'rf.r.
Imt Mr, Walfcer reitene Ibnt "mor* nt*
tontktn Is wns Vtta t.i*•■'., «« n.t lu-.vf,    || ,,M «,«k imfm**. ur- «**<wi*>
and t/ttm. bf twmmbm th* Aunt an-ti UiTgii'^nrrnfnfHi-.^^tv I •:
weteriag."   It mom mtnen tlm*- «t««t! ?.w,a a,r" *'" ".^■", •■■'♦"
I* t**i*n went ■• at; udeii-erset*. f    ),.A ,t ,,...,- ...
..mttemtm tt-it-t* ** •■- Mr   IVf'trr   r|  i* » «. •
>   It   IHinriit, for the lliltiah fo
i i
', mirtiln HefiiilnK ('ompativ. nald it wnnl-l
I (Hit 111-. <ol»p«li>   nil tof titliiilie*<* tirnl]
; it   Imd  f»-Wi shareholders  r»*»!d!ii«   in j
! Ui IIUli foltinibla.
'    Ull   Ith ha id  AlelhUii' iidii-'.l  tii-.-e;
1 !n»ereit»*il tn reduce their vle.n In f-e
; liirm «'it ii w«»m*r»il'it  trul he ivw'd »i-
;«Jml t«ftir'is»rtl 51 tn the tV-lctal i.'mv* \
cri-meilt.   ,ii   he   bii't   dotte   v\lt!i     h<-
it if*'* mitMiillie-i   by   the   repr-eM't-t *• I
•fv» nt  fii"  *''i-|f   •!'','!:!';;   » -i|.f.
COMMONWEALTH EMPLOVEC
ACT OF AUiTWALIA
CoinperaMltiefli far tt*«vi«n Out i.l Aitv
Iralian ntnoon.
'lli*-    i'*dmmon*i-<nlth    Hfm-r-im ■*■»>»
(.siteiMjn-*'.*! *•-««jiaiwrt *»'i>m,«-t>»!»il-i/n
, Atl.  i'ti'Z, »|ijt,ie«   Mi  -H'.ltkff*.  TlKirit'll.
Wor Ker*   e*tii''-*«li   t-.x/'iid. .'    -P.-
iutll*    1-,-J*     I'iUlt''■,'■' ,i     it,     *'■'>«.'     '*-*•'
";*,'" ,   '■. tfatHtnm mtr %.!*** n yr%r, ontworter*,
StieiRt- |*w«"»^ Unit tb* fire** **^t\ n-**t*l :%»■' m'Pmry tor*** tn a- "ie **r*
ly rotistructeil *it eithis *lui»% im*-k,
earth, wnod or irnit, or partly of an>
oue or more of liiene mati-rlal*     The
new Ael |irovld*'i that femes mny b*>
f-;iir f'li-t *',\ hull,ft lilti'i, iiit.i miv not
mil) beconsiruc-ed ■»* d«*rrl*MI In ihe
old   Aet,  tm'  i*!«o  nf  ujirlglit   tiu*u.
tumi'd*   t^***«i-»-:   'tr o'i*-l:*1 f  ■•"-"•'   'I*-**
i*«,iti ton* )'»'!t--»* ajwri, and  it*tt «i
feiii'diK flit*' uf "i'j-nid.'if-l it-i'iut'   »'-' '-«-
* tn vfivimiii :i,tii*n*i<r« de»ctl(i«»ii I •■  ?'-■■■
\'* t.        \*is   I' '-•«  •  .i-'lm ui tin''  i.«il.i..
,i?  .,1   :• •  .   S,nt:   in.-*?:   kjk   iin-lr r    wild
*   ;n-i ',  y., (ir nlUi-i t,«».'*ii:«l ;.it'it.'i-
-iv*     : -nit''i-", ii'  iu fcj*i-j» e-i" ,- *  t| •''
F. M. THOMPSON
Compnny • "Ttt« Quality store"
Groceries, Dry Goods,  Crockery and Everything in Shoes
mmm
\W Iun*
I"
• i    (Uii    iiiln   -IimIv
a*»l»»Ulirtlt    -i'l
n  -j»l»'?ti|it|
CONSUMPTION TAXES
IDHEDS OF PEOPLE
UmAttA^ M pwpk nucruuib to ion-
i
tm**. I *, •cnr*. 1 * "I'n t»W»!    '*'■ ***•, ;i* rit-
<.\f»-'!i-!l""ti-« t'i. '■<<>"» ***,t tlii*   *   i '--V ix
r uptttxlii* im r m*»iw force* ftf ihr U*tv
tr   1
' <l-     I'.
Kfter .*
i-   ■    '
me'l. t|
>    ir*'
'.if i> r
■iiteti
it* natttl i-..V
i'i'Uttm-1 . it.nu i,   ■■-)»
'     We«*k,«     -..«»hm.-i,i
- •((■■f-kH e-irnt- *-
*»% tt*m» -titti i
f'*itiyt-   ■
...**. -*.,
«l if.<
v»"»ltmti   •
»>-tt« »
,   ii    ' 11: .
1,'4-rtt*
->1    ■**£'
Prints, QinghamSy Plain &
Fancy Cr&tie*
PRI0E8   FROM   15c.   PIft   YARD
'Tlii'M' an* nil t*lioi»*r pmmIh ami ifu» ii»'w-i-»i  ♦li>*»itjii«*
Wt* *.tt''v.>*.1 vim jut'ilia-i' ilii-t --j i ii nl.* i,t,\\ uii.-it »lu»
tt.hfkiuiiii lit. »*«■» ••lll|IH-li'.
Don't forget this is headquarters for the best   j
in shoes.   Sole agents for; Invictus, Regal and
K make fme %hm%,   See our specials in boys
ttrong, neat *rhr»r.f oho**.
Phone 25        Blairmore, Alta.
The 8tor« Tliat SAVSf You Money  jl
< ««elli;
->l> -f.,-*it     ,*?••*;
tm .'Mfl^'jj.'"'-??
mmmm.
i
Page SIX
TKE DISTRICT LEDGER, ?ERNI3,   B, C, FEBRUARY 27,1915.
§ > •
Professor W. Galloway
Colliery Explosions
;/
s ;-
on
ham, Risca an-d'Psnygraig explosions,
the tiutlior, on page 95, givps his im-]
pressions as follows:    "Given a well)
ventilated   or   ibadly   ventilated   dry i
to a better*life' they are to be com.
mended.
But, in the larger sense, their worK
Is utterly hopeless. , Every essential
mine with moderately clean, dry, fine I feature _0f ^the present social system
Professor Galloway )vn issue-.! a reprint, of,bis writings, extending over a
period of ,>i years, in lorm of papers
read before tlie Hoyal Soviets- and
tbe Royal .Meteorological Sotiety; articles to periodicals and journals; reports of explosions and evidence tendered before Royal Commissions, bearing upon colliery explosions and particularly on.ilie p.irt played by coal dust
in tlieir propagation, ln bis prefatory
note the author points out that thfe
first three papers were written at ti
time when fire-damp was universally
iln? barometer; and that thoy should
regis'.er the baronietic variations so
as to hit in a position to know when it
becomes necessary to take additional
precautions."
The influence of sound waves as an
afyiiu of propulsion of tlanie through
wire gauze and its possible bearing,
i:t conjunction with shot-firing, upon
collleiy explosions, is fully described,
together with an'account of.the numerous experiments made In tliis
dirnotlon. "The explosion at Cetliin
; Colliery, in iStin, is a good example of
thought to be the principal agent in all  one that may have been caused in this
great colliery <'xplosions.
Thc woik is of peculiar interest to H.
Wales readers in that South Wales collieries generally, and particularly the
explosion at Llan Colliery, first fur-
nlslu-'l tiie author with what might be
ti'iaied the "missing -im.'ntity," i.e., the
data necessary to account for explosions which could nol be described as
iiue to outbursts of gas or defective
\eiuil ilion. Hete also much investigation and ixiii'i'iineiittil work was carried on: notably the experiments upon
safety-lamps and iipoa the influence of
coal dust, on explpsiui.s. carried out at
Llwynpia Colliery. The conditions
attendant upou, ami the phenomena observed subsequent to, the Lhm, New
Tredegar, Abercarn, Ditias, l'enygraig,
itisca, and ether explosions, ate described. A few of the findings and
.:<juc!iisioiis arrived nl by the author
are reproduced herewith
way, by the firing of a shot. Several
days after the explosion the safety-
lamp of the overman was found, securely locked and uninjured, lying at
the distance of a few yards, within
an abandoned stall which was known
to have contained fire-damp; shot-
firing was carried on in this mine, and
it W not improbable that a sound wave
Irom an overcharged or blow out shot
had pa-ssed through this lamp and
lttnited the explosive- mixture shortly
after the, overman had entered It; j
moreover the inspector of mines says J
he lias no hesitation in stating that, in I
iliore had been no coal dust present 1
should have considered it to be comparatively safe. As it was, I strongly
and repeatedly urged the manager to
water the roadways so as to always
keep theni damp and moist, and he actually had two water carts made for
ti.at purpose. On the occasion of my
iast visit before the explosion, how-
L'ver, I found they wore not being employed-, aim 1 had no power to enforce
my views. The result has been exactly what might have been anticipated and what is liable to happen any day
iu every mine similarly circumstanced."
"When smoke and soot are produced;
or (lust is ejected from the shafts; or
the stone, coal and timber have a
charred appearance, due to a deposition of coked coal dust on their surface; or,) lastly, when large superfices
coal dust lying everywhere all over
the workings, and of any quality,, vary*
ing front a long flaming house coal like
that of Blantyre on the one hand, to
I a seni'i-bitumiiiious steam coal like that
! of Perygraig on the other. Then, if
]an explosion bc.lreguii at any point in
one of tlie only three possible ways,
(1) by the coal dust being raised and
ignited by a blow-out or other' shot;
(2) by an explosive accumulation of
fire-damp and air being ignited by a j
blown out or other shot; (lil by an explosive accumulation being ignited accidentally by a defective or other safety-lamp, or in any other manner—and
if it accumulates- a certain degree of
force without dyftig out, that force will
go on increasing, and the explosion
will inevitably extend to every open
space in the workings, whatever may
be their extent or ramifications.
of the sides of the galleries are. found j explosion."
**i do not lose sight of the 'latent"
fire-damp conttained in the air o'f every
mine of this class. * On the contrary,
I am satisfied that fire-damp plays
a most Important part in every great
his opinion, the gas in this stall had
been ignited, ami 'was therefore the
origin of the explosion; but he is tin-
a.ble to state by what means it was
fired."
In his account of the Lluii Colliery
explosion, the workings of which were
entered by him 2Vi or 3 hours after
In a join^ iiajier by Mr. it. II. Scot), jibe explosion had taken place, Dr. Gal-
M.A., I'Ml.S* and Mr: W. Galloway, on j lawny states that the phenomena
"The connection  between   Explosions j which particularly attracted his atteu-
lo be on fire immediately after the
event, we may safely conclude that
coal dust has played an Important, if
not a predominant, part in the explosion."
Alitor describing the position of the
liodies of many of the victims as seen
by hint ami .Mr. Herbert Kirkhouse,
n.'.iiiing hJugineer, on the occasion of
the l'enygraig explosion, the author
states—"Several of them were kneeling and others had pushed their beads
against the rubbish, us if taking shelter
from something. All of these eases
seem, to concur in showing that there
wero two distinct events, one acting
■-.s tin alarm only, the other producing
instant death.   In the interval between
in Collieries and Weather," the authors . tion on this occasion were the follow-1 tj,P trt-(>,
remark—"Recurring to   what has  al-j    "<u Thc air in the cross measure'
ready been said nbout temperature, we j drift, KK, in the level, CK, as far as 11,
would here re ma rit that in cold weath-: and in one or two ,of the working plac
er the ventilation of the pits is ex-1 es which I entered, was charged with
ceedinfly active, hi any collieries being I coal smoke to such an extent as to
ventilated easily by natural means tn:iIce it resemble a dense fog.
without any extraneous agency what-; "i2) i.Most of the props along t.ie
ever. In the height of Simmies, how- sides of the lev-el were more or less
ever, it is tliffeient; for the tempera-; covered with a crust of coked coal
tare of the air in the dowiie;ts*t»shaft ( dust.
Is higher, and the ventilation can only j "(3) A tliiii layer of brownish.soot
be kept up by the help of the furnace, ] or dust had settled down on all <;\-
In some cases, then, a sudden rise of; nositl surfaces.
temperature may catch the miner un- j "(l) The rubbish on the floor of the
prepared, and where an active current' level in the Hrass seam contained a
would have remained safe, a sluggish-larae proportion of dry coal dust."
one may beconte foul, and possibly an j in a paper on "The Influence of
explosion may occur," An example ot j Coal Bust in Colliery Kxplosions," the
an. explosion which happened under I author quotes M. Vital, in the "Annalas
such circumstances is given. "It oc-j des 'Mines," 1875: "A very fine coal
currcd In winter, lite temperature of dust is a source of danger in dry work-
the   ftir   rose  for   tWO   tlnvs   111   SUCCeS-i inn;   nljicmL-bi-jKli-tiA—riMvlH-s-.*-g--fti-gjl--f-
slon.to a high'er .point than it had.-jn well ventilated workings it may of
reached for a considerable'time before, j itself alone give'rise to .disaster?! ln
On the second day. when natural ven-! workings in which fire-damp exists
illation" would "eease In many shallow ; it increases the chances of explosion;
mines ifit!\ 'it'come sluggish lu deefe-"-?: and when an accident of this kind
ones, an,explosion took place by which ' occurs, it aggravates the eoiisequ-
ni-ajiy men were hilled," .ences,"
Again, in a summary of the paper— ', fn a further paper on the same sub-
"We. consider that out of 525 explo-■ jeci the author states: "In the appar.i-
sloiis recorded In the three years, I0|jllK which I have hitherto employed,
por cent., may be reasonably ednected 'the proportion of coal dust which gave
..with -distilrtiMice of the barometer, 22 jthe host results was much lurper thai
Wr cent,; with abnormally high tem-' might nt first sight he thought iic.-js-
lieratiirq, whlli. 2!) per cent, nre not - -,,,,-y, inanely, about one ounce of dust
tracpabie'ttointmospheijcal agency."     to a cubic foot of air for all mixtures
1^ in pointed out thai it frequently. 0f S!is and uir, ranging between one
happena that tho purer the air In oh- 0f gas and twenty of air, and one of
filiation tho more difficult lt Is to de-|8i,s imd forty of air. Also, in ono of
tect u cap ou tlie flame without Ignl-jthc experiments with the return nlr
t\6n of the mixture of fire-damp and |0f a mine, which I propone to describe
air In any cavity or roce-ss. |n this place, tho uir requires to be
"Wither, therefore, tho barometer I literally black with dust before It will
falls of, tho temperature rises, it is ub- iR„|tt..     it |B. therefore,"obvious that
ntelligent or automatic, action took place both in 'the workings
of the upcast and downcast shatts.
"The horses and the three men
in the heading are the best or only
ii'.-rc.vl.iotis of time perhaps, and the
;;t-*iture and obvious intentions of the
kneeling figures remind one of travellers overtaken by the Simoon. In
every case the flame appears to have
' '>**o a spell and to have fixed
boil man and librae immovable in the
positions they had assumed at the
verv instant of its passage."
Alter careful consideration of all the
circumstances connected with the Sea-
Again, in paper Xo. VI. on "The In-
fluenee of Coal Dust in Colilery Explosions'," tho author summarizes the
results of, and conclusions to be drawn
from, sixty-three further experiments
upon cotil dust, and says these circumstances seem entirely to corroborate
the hypothesis first proposed in No. 1
paper .in connection with Llan Colliery
explosion, and afterwards revived in
Xo. III. -paper.ln connection with Peny-
graig Colliery explosion, to the effect
that the crusts of coked coal dust are,
as a rule, deposited during the retrograde movement of the air, that Is ttr
say, while it is travelling backwards
towards the origin of the explosion."
Tho volume will be welcomed by all
mining students who desire an authentic and convenient record of elaborate
research worlt on a subject and in a
direction which in those days was so
little understood and appreciated by
the mining community. To Dr. Galloway, the knowledge that he has cou-
rlhuted so largely to tlie establishment
of facts which at the present day are
universally accepted without question
must be very gratifying. The work
consists of I'M pages, closely printed,
and well illustrated with charts, plans,
photos and drawings. It is published
by the "Colliery Guardian" Co,, London.—Science and Art of Mining.
has its dagger out to stab their efforta
to. doath. The results of their work
ave extremely puny. It is not sufficient to try to regenerate individuals.
It is necessary to alter the conditions
which blight the mass.
It would be too bad to neglect, the
individuals -whom these people help.
Theji need not do so. But, in 'iddition
to that, work' -they should use thoir
first hand knowledge of conditions to
i scourge tho sy-stem which produces
those, conditions,' anil thus help ro
change the system.
In other words, those seiitimeltal at-
truists should become practical by
joining the Socialist movement and
helping to abolish capitalism and introduce Socialism.
1 hereby lay hold of thoir intellectual collar and urge them into 'the Socialist movement
The -senflmental altruists   have    a
great spiritual passion for humanity.
i Hut they fool away most of their lives
working for superficialities.    Thoy-attempt to "uplift" particular individuals.
They need to be shown as plain as
daylight how barren and useless their
methods are—-at the samo time gehor-
of mental activity, my brain being now
Ip much the state,of a January pumpkin, while' my mind retains ouly the
imaginative inspirations of the poet.
Take courage, my flear brother, and
"go to' this." If your, government nas
denied you the opportunity to -be 'able
to .earn ?1 a-day you liave billions staring you' in the face, because the cosf
of hilling is noAV more, than' $30,000!
Only think also, ^brother, how expensive you have bticome to capital!
The resources of the world will -soon
bo exhausted, unless you come to the
aid of the plutocrat and the 'politician
in lowering this high .cost of killing.
.' Uomem-ber also that when this war
is over, there will bo as many plutocrats and politicians, as before,"and
that" only the number of soldiers, rep.
resenting the citizenship, will be reduced. Thi-s will double the fortunes
of the successful parties.
As success depends upon killing the
largest number of soldiers by* the
cheapest means in llie shortest timo,
you should do what you can towards
achieving success. This is .what constitutes patriotism, and you must be
patriot ic, else you will deserve the
death of a traitor, and this death kills
you so much deader tlitm if slain fight'
Ing the battles of the plutocrat' and tho
politician—for God and country, as we
used to say.—Journal of the Switch-
ously giving their organized charities,! mcn-s i'Ujon of X. A,
their social settlements, their leasees j  ,_
•jut! societies ani committees and cm
sudes: of various kinds, their due.
Hut how pitifully little their duo is!
It is because they want lo roach
lown aud "uplift" the working massif.,
instead of working with them* for their
emancipation. The working class hns
fortunately reached the stage of at
least partial self-respect. It does not
want to be patronized. It wants justice.
' But, how frightfully hard it is for the
sentimental altruists to work .with the
DYING   OFFICER'S  PHILOSOPHY
If you wero told of a new
discovery for the treatment of
coughs, colds and bronchitis,
as certain-in its action on aU
chest troubles as anti-toxin is
on diphtheria, or vaccination on
small-pox, wouldn't you feel
like giving it a trial ? Especially
if you could try it for fifty cents!
Peps is .the discovery 1
Peps are little tablets, neatly wrapped in air and germ-proof silver foil.
They contain certain medicinal ingredients, which, when placed upon the
tongue, immediately turn into vapour,
and aro at onco breathed down the air
passages to the lungs. Oa their journey,
they sooths the inflaiped and irritated
membranes of the bronchial tubes, the
delicate walls of the air passages, and
finally enter and carry relief aud healing
to the capillaries and tiny air sacs in tbe
lungs.
In a word, while no liquid or solid
oan get* to tho lungs and air passages, I
these Peps fumes get there direct, and
at once commenc* their work of healing
Enemies' Friendship in Death
One of the most moving documents
written since the beginning of the war
lias heen*received»i)y a .voting American woman in Paris, written by her
fiance, a French cavalry officer, e.s he
lay dying in Flanders, With tha letter she received news of his deal'1
The writer, sffter narrating how he
was wounded iu a cavalry charge au-J
How Would You
years of time that get nowhere-—efforts whose results are immediately
effaced by the cruel system
causes uii sccial misery.
They tio not strike at the root.
Their efforts have no definite ultimate end in view.
Tln-v have no eonsecutiveness,
Ko thoy cannot m'en hold what they
gain.
Theso people naturally come into the
Sonialist movement as soon as they
leam what Socialism renly is, because
tliey then discover that Socialism affords :.uo:ii the opportunity to -dp tlieir
greatest s-ood, hy working along with
the woykcrs for their emancipation, instead of reaching down to thom. They
bring their Idealism and their passion
for humanity with theni. The movement is a great gainer thereby.   They
Peps are entirely distinofc from the
old fashioned liquid cough oures, which
I are merely swallowed into the stomach,
and never reach the lungs. Pops treatment of coughs and colds is direct treat-
mm*' . A ■-."
If you haTe not yet tried Peps, out
out this article, write across it
the namo and date pf this paper,
and mail it (with lc stamp to
pay return postage) to Peps Co.,
Toronto. A frco trial packet
will  then-  be   sent   you.
sLiKe Tt  Yourself?
sohitoly wicOssary to keep a most careful watch over tho amount, of air passing through the workings, in order to
'Hie particles which are floating about
In tht; air of a dry inine.'Iii Its normal
state, cannot, render It Inflamimiible;
prevent tho formation of dsmseroug ac - aillj a j.a „mi,abio that only the nwee\i-
cumiii4tlonii ot en|#«v*» mixtures i)fj|„K action of n gust of wind, like a
nlr and firo-damp In all mines in which I gf|Ua||f pausing along the galleries, can
the niniRin between danger anil safety
I* very -small." j
In a further paper on the same nub-:
joet the authors, after describing th* |
conditiona thut led up to several small!
ouplosloriR, aro candid and outspoken, |
•'It  ts surely  not asking too much.
raise a sufficient quantity to do so."
Atiiln, on puso 7.1, dealing with tho
Hinas explosion, of Ittnuary 13th, 1879,
In which tin men wore lilll-f-d, we rpnd:
"The return nlr coming from tho
working places, and therefore filling
iM-arl)' one-half of the nxIstln-R open
then, when we.«uaw«t that those who, mm,n, contained always more than 2
percent of flrn-danip.   In thin renpect
am Ignorant of the subject should tako'
the trouble   to   acquaint themselves it did not ^materially differ from the
wltl Hoj>|e nnd M'lflntte'n tun- nf tlw- rot urn ulr of mo. t of the atwui coal
effect hf (ncronan nntl decrease ot pres j collieries In the district, being better
dure on Rase*, ami With the mo of i than some and worw than othor*.   If
I
m
l:M
The Smile That Should
Come Off,
llit household and othtr trtkltt ptddltd from
door to door uiually itll for a hightr prici than
oro nnktrA tm tb* nnm* fhtnw In tht* tnenl ft^ft
Ttll mdxJUm nailing many llnw, an do biuinm
oa i smaller profit wan tht ptddlcr sttKng ont or
two articles.
If thtrt ia any misrtprettntation vour mar*
chant it right at hand to make things right You
•it htlpleta ff you havt purchaaad from • -fly-by-
night canvasser.
D«al with your friends and neighbors *ttd bt
assured of a squart dtat.
■%^.*W..mHmM.m4itin*mt*^m^»^ -1
Hy John '.ll. Work.
-Capitalism compels millions of people to accept degrading charity. How
would you like lt yourself to he compelled  to accept  charity?
How would you like it, for example,
in have a bunch of patronizing people,
Intent upon performing an act of charity, condescend to bring you a basket
or things for Christmas?
Just consider It a moment.
Honest, now, how would you llko lt?
You would feol degraded and Insulted, lyciildn't you?
Of course.
That's the way every self-respecting
porson,feels under such circumstances.
But, you sny, there nre peoplo who
are In need and they must bo helped.
Unfortunately, yes,
Hut it is entirely unnecessary for
society to permit anyone to he In that
terrible condition.
Socialism proposes to guarantee
evory man arid woman nn opiwrtunlty
to earn n living, and to receive .thoir
full earnings, Socialism nlso tiro-
poses to establish slek and accident
inHiirance and old ago pouslons.
Then, dwrad-lnfr charity will cease.
■MeantInto, charity Is a necessary
evil.
(io ahead and lako llm hti-ftet to tM
de&tute.   ,
liut iio not pluiiH* your-sell mtn un-
nttlnn thtit yon ore doing a meritorious
Christian act when jo« do m»,
On the contrary, you will be Intuit*
ing the memory of Jesus Christ unless
you do it with the know ledge that the
recipient* nre tfrtlms ef social crime,
and with the intention of dolns alt in
your power to abolish the preaent
criminal social syteem which wreaks
sut'h Jildcims Injustice upon iin victims.
Unless you -do It with this knowledge
and with thia Intention, yoa will have
totally failed to ntcb the spirit of
JOIHS,
Ywt^take tb>i bsxxkti
Dot take it with a rebellions h-turt-
rebellious aualitst the industrial system which produces inch human
wi'-fckftgc—awii deUrmtn-fJ to replace
It with n Weber and »ie*n»r on*
i And to not Impose your erobarraal
etna presence am* tbe recipients.
Take  tite  basket -gently.
Leave It without being
.softly
if possible.     Kor it is degardln-j.
N.o,  no
Take It
seen
Vnfortuuaiely, It la not merely at
C'liris-tm-as or Thanksgiving thait charity Is needed or given. IL is in full
blast tho year around, easing up a
little but not disappearing during tlio
.summer months.
One evening I cbanced to bo in a
certain restaurant lu a certain Industrial center Just before the closing
hour. When It wns time to close, I
saw the most ragsetl and -wretched
looking bunch or boys and girls, Bprliik-
led with women and old men, como In
at the door that 1 bad ever seen ln all
my life, They had market -baskets oa
their ariius. They went up to tho
lunch eouhters and the waiters put the
day's scraps Iu their baskets.
As I passed out tho door I saw an
old womtin, crippled, hngRartl, oblivious to lior surroundings, looking Intently through the glass door to see If
her little hoy or girl would succeed in
getting anything ln the -basket for supper. This particular restaurant is one
of b ebnltt of lunch room* whlcn make
It a practice to pass the day's scraps
over the counter every evening at clo»
lug Um«, And there la always a
htitich of people on hand at each plactf
(o receive them. Passing along the
street any evening you can see them
tviiiHliig uiu-slde with their baskets.
What sorts of citizens arc -wo—so-
dctj making out of those, boys and
girls?
Consider It carefully and conscientiously. Aik yourself If we are doing our duty by thom. We, the people, are responsible. Tbere Is no
escaping our responsibility.
In every city and town there are or.
■sanitations whom object la to provldo
food, raiment and shelter for those
who are redded io absolute want; to
dole out charily to social victim* to
whmn society ought to guarantee as
opportunity to mrn n living, and to extend tha Influence of culture io the
down-trodden.
Much liixuHen rom* high, hut It
seems Ihst we moet have them. Charity ia necettery under tbt present ays-
it****
Hnt It slwiivs H*rne*t Ita r**lrn*ni
Inst tbe snme.
workers, instead of patronizing them! ...
„„ .... .     , . , i teniporarl y lost consciousness, say9 —
Tliey spend thousands ot douars and 1
"There  are   two other  men  lying
near me, and I do not think tlie-o is
which i much hope for them either.   On--' ia an
j officer of u Scottish regiment and the
' other a private in the Uhlans. - They
were struck down after me, and when
I came to myself I found them bending
over me rendering first aid.
•"The-.Britisher  was pouring  water
down my throat from his flash; while
the    German    vt;as   endeavoring    to
staunch my wound with an antiseptic
preparation  served out  to  them  by
their medical corps.    The Highlander
had one of his legs shattered,  while
the   German   had  auveral   pieces  of
shrapnel buried in his side.
"In spite of their own suffer'ugs
they were trying to holp me, and when
I was fully conscious again the Ger-
jn-an gave us a _niorpjiiiLJaJgfiMafl-aEd,
took one himself. Ills medical corps
had also provided Jilm with the inaction mid the needle, together with
printed instructions fof its use.
"After the injection, feeling wonderfully at ©use, we spoltc of the lives we
had led before the wnr. Wo all spoke
Knglish and we talked of the women
we had left at homo, -Both the Ger*.
man and the Britisher had only been
married a year.
TTISTTiFIiig-TBo~porHsfeTice, /the-patience, the enthusJasm, and the tireless
energy, born of a high purpose. Some
of them afterward go through si stage
of lmposslbllsm -and loftily scold those
of us who svere working for Socialism
when thoy were fooling awny their
lives on superficialities. I3uts, in due
time, thoy come out of this attack of
scarlet fever. After that, they settle
down and become -most valuable workers, milting their Intellect, their efficiency, their common sense and their
passiion for humanity in a persistent
fight for the goal of Socialism,
.Meantime, tliey need not abandon
tlieir charity and settlement work.
Thc necessity for charity Is caused
by the fumltiinontul Injustice of the
present capitalist systom of Industry.
Tho men who do no* useful work—
the men who have monoy Invested
from which they draw Incomes—the
men who through their invested capital havo a suction pump by which thoy
drutv into tlieir own coffers most ot
the enrnlngs or the rest of the people
--these men arc rolling lu wealth
which they did not earn.
All because thoy are permitted to
own. the Industries.
Olve us the collective ownership of
tho Industrlea, so that wo can guarantee every mnn iuul woman an opportunity to earn a living and to receive
their full earnings—and charity organisations csn disband forever.
Why Had We Fought at All?
"I wondered, and i suppose the others did, why we had fought each other
at all, I looked at the Highlander, who
was fallng to sleep exhausted, and in
spite of his drawn face and mud-stained uniform-he looked the embodiment
of freedom. - Then i thought, of the
tricolor of Fnance, and all that Frnnce
had done for liberty. Then I watched
the German, who had ceased to speah.
Ho hud taken a prayer-book from his
knapsack, and wr.* trying to read a
scivlcc'for soldier wounded ln battle.
—^™<Hvhli^T^-<viiitchFa"iri'nr1"rea HOTtf
what .we were Cightlug fpr.     He ivas
dying in vain, while the" Brit'slier and
myself    would    probably    contribute
something toward the causo of civlll-.,
zation aud peace."   .
Tho letter ends wl'.li a *fff-?i\eii."<! to
the Rilling light and the roar o'. the
puns. It was fouiftl at the dea-d of-
fifcr's side by a lied Croes file, nnd
•m.k fer.varded tc his fiance.- Dally
Clllzen, Eng.
Who is Your
Printer?
lie not Impose four staring eyes J   And It does well tf tt does not de*
open iktm. erode tbe giver alea    tot, tbe liver
tio not Impoee >uur condescending Is placod  In  a   patronising position
nsmiera upon tbem.
IIM» not mortify tbem tmLgltit over
their fdtifel pMissre by etsyln* to see
. thiin enjoy the eonlents.
If yon have a selfsattsted feeling
tbat yoo are doing a noble act. and e
batikerlag to give them sa ef|0rta*1f?
to pour out itu-lr grutUudt to ion— bo
atbaasMd af roenelf.
mmttmmmmtmm otem ^wwf-wwwi
TU-**,* M* axtHtAeA Xo immki* ja»«ce
instead ot etaarity.
Yon sre only tfvtsg tbe* a ttsy
ctmrfty enimb. whetvas tfcey sre ea-
tftltd to hsve folMojrfed Justice.
THE HIOH AND
INCREASING COST OF KILLING
By A. A. Graham, Topeka, Kas,
A few months after tbe beginning of
tho preaent European war I saw an
estimate made by somebody ot e, cost
of »ir,,00(J to |SO,000 for killing one
soldier. Qy ibe end of 1914. owing,
no doubt, to the added difficulties of
conducting a winter campaign, tbla
estimated coat arose to 130,000.
The therefore high cost of killing
Is thus seen to bave doubled In a few
months by the end of 1914, aad now
tbe cost t* wid to bt it!U higher.
Here la the greatest opportsnity
since the world -began to make a fortune snd a name snd fame besides, by
Inventing some machine or procflM to
reditee the cost of killing to say fl,
Any of the greet warring nations of
(1, .      ,..,.-11        ..I*'.      **        9*        i     •
.... ,,.,.,      ■■*...,     *M«. *,/|. <*«     »*l     4-A*4>      9t
■nxtelit if nt letiitt f-UVWW fnr pvi'T}-
soldier of the enemy Wiled at soeh re-
duoed eoett Imt ss this sob-sow wooM
also mesn the lanradtttt ooaqaeet ef
tbe rest of the world by the merer
■H»lt(tf   *i*tOi   tnvi**.*Xttt9    «   }*'•—*■•   »-,•-;    ;*
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business ? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
afibrb tn itmrnXtr -nwmbntmriwi*
A prominent social aeUleoMat worn-1 $$,0<x»,000,000 woald aot be too
to ssk for tbe surrender of sll protected rights.
Instead' of dimlniabisg. oflwrtsnttlao
are ever on tbe Increase, aad no one
caa eomplatn tbat be bas mm no
chance.
My perpoM ts ta tacplre oth-m. so
I promise aet to beeome a mmpttitm
myotit far tMs weaiu, ilstloettaa aai
te
er eeye that be bas beea aeeased of
Mag like tbo draakea mo wbo eouw
oot help bis partner up, aad therefore
ant down in tbe fitter -bseMe bim saying, 1 east het> yon op, BUL *at I
tftii sit down in tbe mod witb yon, aay-
howl- Tbla ttwataaat sattleaieat
worker denies the at-cmsatkon, bnt tt
eesMs petllOMly tear belag mm,
Um p*r aad eymas^by wbkb ae-
taatee cbtrtty workers its admirable, [eosiptete, I eeakl aet tf I weaM. b»
aad la so tbr as ihey belli -tadivldaslal cause I have gaased tbe lavewtlvoatscs
If you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
"QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B. C.
ii
mmmvwt>v*iia mmw«w~it'W* THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 27, 1915.
'
-        ~     ■■    \* "-?$]."$}
* "
■ w r t •
■".Page SEVE#
*"1 -^
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc.
CURLING
Rocks and Brooms
Best Quality only
Snowshoes
In great variety
wa^m^mmm0nm^mmo^nmmmwmmmmmmmmmm--mtmimomm
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware and  Furniture
'Phone 37
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minaret s .
Liniment
The Wyoming Compensation
Bill Explained By Mine
Workers
Without going into the many des-1 Single men  $2000.00
A. Macnell
8. Banwell
MACNEIL -& BANWELL    '
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of.
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE «, FISHER
ATTORNEYS
FERNIE
B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal "to
choose from.   » .   \
Beef, Pork, Mutton
-Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
*  Try  our Cambridge Saufc	
ages
fast.
for tomorrow's  break-
criptive features of the bill, thereby-
making' this article so long that it .will
not. ibe read; it may he said of the men.
sure, excluding the rates of course,
that the workmen of Wyoming may
feel reasonably certain that the Workmen's. Compensation Bill, if enacted
into law, would at least have the virtue of making certain that whatever
'benefits it seems to give be given
direct to the injured workmen or his
dependents without fuss or delay.
'Hie hill has been carefully drawn
and seems to ibe in complete harmony
with the constitutional provision that
mado it poss-i'ble to have this measure
before the legislature.
Tho most dangerous friend of measures of this character is the -fellow
who tries to incorporate therein matter that he knows will hamper or even
prevent its operation, the present agitation for -workmen's compensation
lias not been entirely free from
"friends" of thls.sortT    _
Under the .bill as presented if a
workman Is iiijured or killed the mat
ter is reported to the clerk of the district court of the country wherein tbe
accident occurred.
The said clerk shall at once notify
the judge of said court that such injury report has been fl-led in his office.
The district judge shall at the earliest possible date investigate the matter to determine if the claim -for compensation is disputed.
if the claini appear to be free from
collusion and no dispute Is made the
judge shall thereupon make an order
directing the payment of such compensation from the State Industrial Accident Fund in accordance with the
terms of tho law.
If there is n dispute as to the right
of the injured employee, or his dependents to receive compensation, the
judKe shall set the case down for hearing at the earliest possible date and
direct notice of such hearing tb be issued 'by the clerk of the court for ser-
Workmen with wife, or wife   _.
with invalid husband   2200.00
To which is adde:J $60.00 per year
for each -child under the age of sixteeu
years but not to excied $l.S00.O0 more
or a total for a married man with dependent family of $1,000,000.
Where the workman leaves no wid-
cAv or child under the age of sixteen
i years nn amount equal to 50 per cent
of the amount of support he gave them
tin- Allied Forces from the Operation
of Certain 'Provisions of the Mining
Laws of'the Province," and it was given a first reading. Briefly the bilf
provides thai men serving in the ranks
shall not forfeit mining rights through
any failure during the war, to observe
the requirements of the mining laws.
The Premier also introduced a'bill
entitled "An Act to Amend the Iron
Placer Act," which makes provision
for the mining of black sand which
cannot be located by free miners under
any statute.
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION
Earnings in Excess of Limit Provided
by Act—Action Dismissed
Because her deceased husband earn*
cd more than -$1,000 per year, a wo
man who sued the city of Mont
real, in virtue of the Workmen's Com
pen-sation Act, saw her suit for a pen-
shall be given to such dependent par- j sion of -$495 and other damages dis-
ent or, parents.-   The bill provided that I missed  at the hands of M-r. Justice
•.Montreal. The plaintiff sued the
Harbour Commissioners for a rente of
$112.50 per year, this representing one-
half of the sum by which his earning
capacity had been reduced as a consequence oi' the -accident of which nt
was victim. The defendants pleaded
that plaintiff, after recovering from
the el'fet'ts of the mishap, had returned to their employ in a capacity
other than his former one, aud earned
just as much as any of the other workmen eusage! iu the work. The Court
rejected this argument of defendant,
und. appreciating the facts, held that.
iho mishap had occurred in the course
cf plaintiffs diily work and that ne
had -a right to an indeipnuty. Judgement was given for the full amount
claimed. (Dupuis v. Harbour Commissioners.)—Labor Gazette.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
I3SS2252S3M& SSfflSSS853SSSQSaBl
We Are Ready to Scratch
jff you' bill any*Item of lumber not
*ound just as we represented.   Thers
a uo hocus pocus in
,     This Lumber Business
Whon you vraiit spruce* we do uot
-ieud you hemlock.     When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a j Wee upon the employer and employee
lot of culls.   Thueo who buy once from ! at least seven days before the date
any amount so given should not exceed JiiOO.OO,. we have in our rates
asked to have this nmount increased
lo $1,000,00.
Where death occurs and a widow
is left we ask for $1,500.00 and sixty
dollars per year or not to exceed another $1,800,00 or a total of $3,300.00.
it will he at once evident that if we
are successful in having the compensation payments increased that Wyoming will have a very good workmen's
compensation bill.
The present uncontested features of
the .bill are that the workman will not
be called upon to pay arty part of the
costs of any controversy that may
tirise.over the awards io be made
-thereunder. If no complaint is made
tho award -will he made to the injured
workman or his, dependent family, if
com plaint is made every facility that
the state and county has is placed,
without cos-t in every instance, at the
service of the injured workman or his
dependents.
No provision is made for liability
i,oiiipniii9s assuming -'iny of the risks
incident to compensation for the employer.
Experience .has demonstrated that
the liability company, under compensation, serves no useful purpose.
Wherever they are permitted to assume siu-h risks for the employer their
constant efforts to take advantage of
the employee practically makes compensation as uncertain as suits for
daamges.-
ABOL1TION OF PROPERTY
QUALIFICATIONS
B
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS.
Meets    every    Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Hall. '
Noble Grand, J: Pearson
Secretary, J. -McNicholas.
Guerin. .Plaintiff cltjimed this amount
on account of the death of her husband, who was killed during Slay, 1914,
when employed hy the city. The latter claimed that the accident had been
brought about -by the sole fault and in-
'-xcii&'ih.e negligeni-e of the victim
himself. Proof, however, was submitted to show that In the year previous to the accident the victim had
drawn more than $1,000 salary and
that, therefore, though he was a "workman, he did not fall under the operation of the Compensation Act, which
applies only in the case of workmen |
earning less than $1,000 per year. (St. j
Jean v. . City cf .Montreal.)—Labor I
Gazette.
Negligence—Death of Employee—Dam.
ages to Widow
Action was brought by the widow of
a workman to recover damages to the
amount of $6,000 for the death of her
husband. Late one dark night a chauffeur was backing a car out of the defendant's garage at Montreal, sitmnted
on the east side of St. Denis street between Sherbrooke tind Ontario streets.
Just as the chauffeur emerged from
the garage :t south-'-ioiind car was descending' the hill. On the west sLde-
walk some distance south of the street
c:tr was tlie deceased, who was engag-j
ed  us a   workman   looking after  the!
Tims Has Come For the Government
To Remove the Barriers to
Advancement
Organized labor iu Ontario is solidly
behind the demand for the abolition ol
property qualifications for the holding
cf municipal offices
.Never before litis public sentiment;
liooii so pronouncedly in favor of this i
reform, and the delegation of labor re-t
fail
us always come again.     Those wbo
have not yet made our acquainta&se
are taking chances thoy wouldn't en-
> counter If ihe± hnneht their lumben
CAM- OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56        .   Wood Street
.    FERNIE. B, C.
here.
fixed for said hearing.
Notice of said hearing shall bo served hy the sheriff of said county with'
■QUI—COSl,
^T"
-Wyominir Labor Journal
NEGLIGENCE
ALLEGED IN
RAILROAD CAMP
KENNEDY & MANGAN.
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles. Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings.
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22/
Phone 23.
1 If the employer claims tlint injury
was caused SOL15LY by the culpable
negligence of the employee or that
lite claim for compensation ls not cov-'
! oreil by the compensation law u Jury
!1rial may be demanded by cither party
Mr.   Hayward   Alleged   in       	
—UrglSTatifre'That" InacJequate MedI-
cal Attention Is Provided
Workers
company's right-of-way by putting sand
on the rails on the hill -at that point.
The chauffeur's course was parallel to
1 tlie  street   ear,  and  in   this  way   his
; view of 'lie deceased was obstructed,
j whilst the deceased seeing the street
| car coming rushed  acrcss the south
1 bound track well ahead of the car and
: was run down by the automobile. Hon.
Provincial I Mr. Justice Lafontaii^egavoJiiji£ni*&!ll
pri-sentatives wtlio will interview the
{.Provincial Premier ainl his colleagues
upon ithe question will come with the
(ill eni'orsation of the trades union
Movement of the Province and enlightened public jipinion behind them.
During the past three or four years
the demand for the abolition of property quttllflcntioiis litis grown stronger
and more insistent than ever, and if
necessary organized labor is prepared
to make it a political issue.
The workers are becoming fully
tt roused to the Injustice of the present
la*w, which is aimed to keep the working class in subjection to the corporation interests.
The rlftht of the workers to ri-pre-  \u
sent the people on the floor of muni-
filial bodies s.ioulld be just as freely
conceilpd as is the right already eu-  ji:
jcyed In serving the electorate in the  Ip
Provincial Legi--'*l.iture and the Federal:
House. j
The time h:ts come when the unrea-i
soiinhle harriers should be swept aside
and the-people he-free to exercise their
judgment as to who shall represent
theni !n any public office within their
gift.
The rlgiht to voto logically concedes
i the right to represent.
The Ontario (lovernnif'iit hasn splen- J
d-d opportunity to demonstrate that it
h on the side of true democracy, -tjliar-
ESTHER REBEKAH '
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and „ third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
ni., in K. V. Hall.
Noble   tl rand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hull second and third Mondays In
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary,
l-'ernle.  IJox  657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7k30
p.m. in their own Hall.. Victoria Avenue.
C. (\. J. Comb?.
K of S., L>. J. black.    ."
Al. of F., Jas.'Maddison...
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
•Meets   every    Monday   at
:-M p. m., In IC of P. Hall.   '
Dictator, F. II. N'ewnb&irit ,,
Secretary, G. Moses.   ■ *'
HO Howland 'Ave.'
LOYAL TRUE BLUE AS-"
SOOIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge,. Ho.
2U. iii eel :> iii the K. P.'-HalY
.. .,;.., an: fjiirth Friday ofj
iiu-1. n,tfitli afS p. ra.
,   IS J'HItOOKS. \V. XI. .
"   '('.'It, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace l.oilse  1713,  Meet
tu the K. P.'Hall   first  and
'•-I '■"rlihiv e\-fining of each
month nt ".-30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.    ..'.*-
li. ''■HKMITOX. W...M,
J.- SKILLIXG. Kee. Sec,
£
■i-i-.l
*e'
i-VM-
in favor of the widow and awarded hei
the 'sum of Sl.oou. (BoussI v. Lyni-
■burner.)
i Injured   Workman   Re-Employed—In-
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,  B.C.
KINGS  HOTEL
Bar supplied with  thu  Ix-Mt Wines
Liquors and l%.u*
INNING  ROOM  IN (WNNKtiTION
W MILLS,
>M|»
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
• r Irtl nn-ll.utU'iiK, .«» tliey mtiinot twrb lh»
iUmumiI i-vrlluti nt th* t»r. TVtw U "iiljr «H»
  '■'—' OlMIDtltUtloll
in Inflimw!
tin)' Hu'HWdMfWW, HtMllllil l« till CMIMltUtl-Ulf
9,1 ivmnllx. IMwrmw* l» PSONKllir niilutU
' r 	
en
■u
If ...	
li4«aioi«Uuu m* U- tuluutml mhI
    ..  br .    4 ..  .
<i>mtli'*kis*'»f It* MtUM-a* llnln* »f the Ku»»*etit«i»
«T            "    " " '■
I I
ir
i,--.l'» it*
Till*
"iinihlln.
t •
'BM
#_'l.„  .„-  — „.. .--.-..-...
Wlit-U   IbU   tUlK'  It  lUlUUMll J-tJU  lUVI
 ...jf mmna wr lwi*r)wt Marine, and wL T
It I" I'liTlri-lf .-l-wil IWii-wu la tin- rcwilt. nml
i,-,t' "< llu li4taioi«Uuu urn U- tulu'ti tml «ihI
thin tub* rex-nil iu lu n«rnMir-a-Mtltlo«. Nr>
 iumwrt nm
 bt ■
mu MliP-r-4 <-ut><lll
Ins will tw ttaiet'H tmwi n]
i«-n ar» <%«hmI &! " '
.  . 1 iiiw» ***** out tit
C»t«frh, whloli l« wHIittif but
lull of lb* BmjKM* mirfat'v*.
will (lw ow BSMh-Ml iMtir* tta nnt ene
nl tn-stmm ttnu**A%r Mlirrkt ikst rasaa-tltt
<iito,l iif llsll'n Cstitrii Car*
*•«, tm, r f fitem** co.. ww* -a
<n*M bt Unntttn, .
Tik» HSU'S Dtmlb Pills fbr soMttMilaN.
HMLOM
mmmmm, tmm ami*. t*4 h**m
Ibmt tmt laws.
anttn. sni Iwsli
it     M mnm.
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottlid Goods i Specialty
List of Locals District 18
No.
St
♦#i
l.li
\m
Ht
wltt
1817
Kite
tm
1121.
uu
itis
IMS
m
nit
fit*
mi
tm
m
tm
tmt
Namt !•«. aimi p. ty,
l*#tfiiiM»iHi tri   Wfl-ttlf-wW. TWUlffllMIn    I tttt
mntmr Vtoob .»..#. LoafbNR, Btmnr C,r**b, aln f>in-»hn,
iMm-nn... imam Homo, Box tt, Baitovot, Alta,
OJairmoi*.............. Wm. Aroktr, Blalrmon. Alta
tttmto.. T. O. llanrfaa,faaaOwf, AMa
Gatfesadafe I. MUohsJI, OaiAoadala. Hotomm, Mtn.
Cftwrnore MUImmJ Wnrtoo, tbomtm. AH*
x*mmmm*..,,.,,-,.,„,,*, J. tobatmm* Colanao. AJta.
Ow*to....  R, aarbltt, Corfcta. B.C.
Chinook ^llnsi  p, Swsnston, Chinook Mines. Commerce, Alt.
iwm# i%o* vittm, um., n, c.
frank ........Ktnn Morgan, IVaak, ARai(
Hilicraat ,, Msch Stiglw. Hlltemt, Alta
tj-MM-VMf* t. Uootn, Hii ttnm mi eem*. ti, l.a-t-hfeHdff
bettmribgo Oatiiartaa.,. jmm tmrrtnttbmn, CaaHwifat. AMa.
m^mlmf T. d. ttmimo, Vmntonn. AHa;
.........*.... innanl BtaMk 'IWwW* *^ O*
............. T. Q, ttottlm, Vnntmwnt, fMo.
Tobm,...............i. A. fMiafaun, IMar. AHa.
0»f»Noir». r«iMt«..,Mn Hotter, OaoTfrfowa. Oaa»ere. Atu,
Vrnteno Mlntt ,...,.. ^at, tltntber, Series** *la ttoeky Momtala
tinmne, AkbottM,
.tind the ease mny. ho tried ns a court
proceeding.
I If a Jury Is dcniaudotl it. may he
drown from the five-mile limit Jury
hox (to facilitate the handling of eom-
]ieiiHiit,!on cases) ln term time or vacation time, iiul-ass n regular Jury panel
ho lit attendance at oourt on the date
nny such honrlnR may occur.
Kadi side Is Kiveiv full opportunity
to develop all the fuels pertaining to
the case.
Tho official court reporter shall
make a full stonogrnplilc report of the
<'.'iK« without cost.
Tlio Judce slinll dlroct tho county
and prosccutini; attorney to conduct
tlio case for tho Injured employee
without expense.
If the case ls decided nplnst The
Injuroil workman or his dependents
tjio oxpetiHO of wltneHses nnd jury
Khali he imld out of rim Industrial Ac-
cldent Fund, If ngalnst the employer
lhe emjiloyor shall pny the costs.
Iu the event thut tliu liearlnic -hnfor-e
tlie district court should not finally
Moitln the question the mutter would
he rev lewnhle by th^ supreme court.
In that event the appeal must he
niade within thirty ilaya, The np-
petil to he prepared on behalf of the
Injured work mnn, copies of the pro*
(wdltitts. ote*. 'n ho rili'd wUh the
Kiipremc court hy the county iittornoy
wllliout cost to the Injured workman.
'Provision Is mnde for advancing the
case so thnt (here will bn nn ilelny In
ndjiistment.
The crenl ton of the fhtid Is hroiiRhl
nhotit ihy mi n*«essroent of two per
cent nf (lie pay roll of each employer
effected hy the act nnd on Initial ap-
proprlnMon of thirty Ihoiisiiml dollars
hy the slate, then annually n sum
I'tliitil tu oiiiHiuurter of (he amount col-
Iccted from the employers annuall).
TPtiitiorary tola! disability benefits
nit) panld-rd lor. the bill provided for
tir,,im, tttt.m and l.l.Veii fnr -Utile
jmen. nwrrled men nud fsmllj' respect-
| Helj.
U*c, liy .tun-in'incut, hitjie lo mine
1 tin-no t'tifi-M to *2il,iw„ IS.j.iw ami tXtJUt
| »o keep the meatnre In line with othei
i:
j
I-
VICTOIMA. Feb. 20.—In the Legislature today the session was mainly devoted to routine business, the chief
Item of interest otherwise being a
statement from tho member for Cowlc
han {Mr. Hayward) explanatory of his
motion calling for n roi urn of all papers dealing with the circum6iancos
surrounding th© death of C. R. Xutt.i
In June, 1914, while engaged In coit-j
st ruction work on the Canadian Northern grade near Cowlchnn I .a Ite,
Mr. liay.ward described the caso as
a particularly sa<l*ono, and there wore
several  features about it  which  he
thought the Health Department should j
look Into.    There was only one doctor j
to Si miles of thc Hue and but two |
small hospitals; there were hardly any ]
medical appliances.   As a consequence
when tho accident occurred those at
hand were tumble to *to|> the injured
man's wounds from bleeding and he
died.
Negligence Alleged
He fell that th"re had been serious
notzllKenee In this instance on the part
of someone.   It was well known thin
till railway laborers were compelled to
dch pay $1 pel* month for mellcnl"rit-
tendance, yot In the face of that,*ill*
Information was that the doctor concerned In this limtBnco whose services
could not unfortunately be made avail*
able, iwolved   less   than   1100   per
month,    rnder the Masters' and Servant*' Act the lni'» ior niedU'Hi iiiten-
ilswe /ihoiild only go to Ihe doctor.
«omc TOO «r SO-"' men ivcre eimilojed
on lhe railway at this time.    It might
lm firsuet) that the men could demand
tin audit, hut it was well known thai u
mnn would" be In danger of dismissal
If he took such action.     The Act
uliould be amended (o make the (lov-
ernmenl responsible.    It appeared io
it*' the general opinion that the II cot-
li'ctfd from the men did not go to the
i'0'tor, lint  fetinl  Its  way  Info the
hands of Hie contractors.     Ill* otih
object In riiriklim reference io ihe milter «■«» to Improve ihe condition* nn-
Vr «hli li rail*») worker* la-tared and
litennl hitman life being satrlflcrtl to
contractors' gr«-i«l,
Conditions Impr-Bvsd
Una. Ur. Voting, under whose jiiri*-
, dlet'en r-nwi*** 1'*** ftimli-h lii>i^M'»<f'"
JKtild It wm unfair to *n*e»e«» l**t*t *H*
demnity Notwithstanding
The fact thnt nn Injured workmin
retimed tn worls for !'.'l;> pinp'.cvcrs
after recovering from the effects of
ku accident wns held to bf in no wise
dostnictlve of his recourse tint'er the
Compensation Act, In a case dealt with
recently  by  Mr, Justice Psniieton at
aclerTnof property, should be tha (juall-
fled test, and.the voters should.be the
Judges.
Ity till means let the barriers be taken dc.'.vti and Ontario take her place
unions; t.lse foremost democracies of the'
world.—Intlustrliil Manner.
Shilohh Cure
a"»I.STHEl.UV«S8
■ ■.."■•   it rtHtr
■ W.
IB>%
m^
.uv,,.» 11***1 lue
j o'!«!ii;.i) ixU" an iiivi*tiM'ii by the em-
t «»loi'er* f will ttnly 0t* th-r Hte* tMl
I we had made resdy waiting the rennlt
'of tjiti! action of the various local*.
Imn "of thumb
*ir... • soo.oo
Iron* oltirnl t\nn«r    1*5.00
t<ot« of aarond finger    (30.00
Itotn ofjhlrd finger    I50,u0
Imn onfalm     ;:.o.oo
l»o*s Of hand      iwo '»
j l*o*n ot arm *t or near elbow isoo.oo
' liis* of arm ntmrt* *lhn*' t*,tm.on
imi, ot grem toe    mtM
■ iJtm of foot  itm.m
jloosa -of lea below bnm itoo.oo
. I mo. of kt abo-v* kaa*.......   i*m,m
iMt* *t eye „ .„  "  lOMI.-l*
Ver total
I ask ft-r;
mrmnnmnt ^llwWfffr w*
government  had -control of the eon. •
trnrtor*.   If .Mr. Hayward would rtter\
tn llit: niatu h'tVi* plm«d o.i ihe statute j
hooka of Hie provlnea, he'wouhl flnrtj
mi-siMirei* th*-r<' ih-ii hn-f tmrr rret't^ ''
in»firnv*fit ewndltions for the mlfwaj J
litiwrer, Wlen Mr. Hayw**ril had m»de
prltale rfpre*eni;»tlonii to h!m on lhe
msite* he hnd pointed oui that tinier
the ftomlnton 8'miine*. under which;
tha ec-ntractor* ware worHnt. It sisj
only n<.'<'<i,-*JiU,> Ni tUVf om- il-»rtm fi»r
*t*iy tit mlln.    A trnmrn Invenilr*-;
','a:  Iuul l,Mf.ii itMu-x i*t bm «lei»iirimeiii ■
*fter the ■«riiwait omntrtt, and one|
t*r iw« *b«*»e«> hiid!l>ee« «»rr*»rt*fd.   Ite ■
•■wild nmnrm Mr, Jfaywsrrf thst them
bntt 'bom no «egle« on the pur: of Ihe!.
■Qrpuitmmt ,
.The Pr-'tttt*.''' ;ilUi)*;a-.wl ■*■*& mmxl.U.
H -An .let u» Es#»pt llamhara cfi
For Prevention of Disease
By Natural Means
NEARLY til forms of disease are traceable
lo sanitary ignorance and an imperfect
action of the liver.
Eating between meals is a frequent cause of indigestion and intestinal disorders, because introducing
a fresh mats of food into the mass already partly dissolved
arrests the healthy action of the stomach and causes tlie food
first received to lie until incipient fermentation takes place.
The liver, unlike the stomach, is constantly secreting, and when
too much carbonaceous food hat been taken, the bile becomet
too thick and consequently unable to perform its office, Every
intelligent person, who appreciates the inestimable value of
good health, should read the "Rules of Life" set forth in the
booklet enclosed in every package of
ENO'S "FRUIT SALT*
By Uriel adtatnea to these rata*, even thow ef xmfmbnd con-aim.
ttoa have baan aaade Healthy am* comparatively robuil. Eno'i "Fiuit
Salt" b a haalthfwintr, eooKitf and invtforaiinu fieverap, wlu'tli nlioulJ
bt Itapt ia ototf howeitoW ia ntdaia** fw an etnerfcncy. Wheraitbat
hem tnlrm b* tb* ****!..* **l^:. J Z>**mm.. '., "um. It* m*n$ mumotm
prtvanted tmtint wwiM e»l»erw-»* txnxr htm a .**rr'.-t-u; JUii^u,
Order a boiile TODAY ttom yout daalar.
Pttpmti only b$
J. C ENO, Limited. "Fruit Salt" Work*.
AfaatfsferCaaadat HmbU f* RHdria A Co., I.lswini,
10 McCatSl 3t» Tawla.
_.._     -     -——*t^SL JL\, THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., FEBRUARY 27,1915.
ft
U
it
SPRING
'A
A  .
NEW SPRING WASH GOODS
•Itisl arrived a ^ileiulitl nssorlment of the latest,
weaves and designs in Wash Goods. Amongst tlie
lenders are Tango Chiffons, Organdies, Crepes, e.te.
These come in a big range of pretty and exclusive
design."!.' Note—lilac]*; and white effects predominate this season. .*'
Serpentine Crepes
This comes in u beautiful .soft, even weave. The
design and color Effects are the best Ave have ever
shown.
Price .-  17y2 yard
Cotton Crepes
In dainty floral effects and stripes. These are
very suitable fin* ladies' and children's dresses,
wivists, ete.   Fast washing colors.
Special  15c. per yard
PRINTS
(.'ruins' Famous Prints yard  , .15
This is the best print on the market at the priee.
Colors guaranteed absolutely fast. AVe have a tre-
■ nicndous range, of designs from which to select.
Special ..'..-  15c. yard
Household Prints
Made froni n specially selected cotton.    Comes in
a fine, even weave.; .iust the thing for ladies' and
' children's dress pinafores, aprons, ete.   Fast washing colors.
Special 2 yards for 25c.
FOOTWEAR SPECIAL
Men's Pit Boots, with nailed soles and outside
counter; good, serviceable and "wide-fitting boots.
Prices up to $3.75.
Special Saturday Price $2.95 pair
Men's Black and Brown Shift Boots; made of
box calf and .tan,grain 'leathers, with heavy double
•soles.    Regular values up to $4.50.
Special Saturday Price $3.75 pair
Men's Felt'Slippers, with leather soles, or all felt;
good, warm and comfortable slippers. Regular
prices up to $1.77.
Special Saturday Price 75c. pair
Ladies' FClt Simpers, in a large variety-of stylos.
Piyeos up to $1.00. *
Speoial Saturday Price 65c. pair
Slippers, regular prices from $1.00 to $1.75
Special Saturday Price 95c. pair
EIBJSIEIBJSI-^
-il
19IS New Spring
Clothing 1915
ORONTO
This is the right, time to
pick out your Spring Suit,
while stocks are new and
complete. The stylos sho .vn
this sea-son are distinctive
and show to advantage tlie
high elass workmanship
done on them. We represent tlie best makes in Canada—tlie 20th Century,
"Won. II. Leishman & Co.,
Coppley, Noyes & Randall.
We guarantee perfect satisfaction
Our special order department is now complete'
with samples of new cloHflis
from the best known
makes. We do not ask
for deposit, and guarantee
perfect fit. Our special
$25.00 made to measure
Suit is remarkably good
value.
Special values in men's
Work Shirts, Negligee
Shirts, Sox and Sweaters
on display in our Men's
Furnishing Dept.
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Spring- Hats
Our first shipment of hats will be on display Saturday in all the prevailing styles. Never before
has there been such a variety of creations in -millinery styles. T-he shapes are small. Thore is the
Olengarry hat, with Ms streamers, the three-cornered military hat, Tipperary hat, Tommy Atkins hat,
e i , etc. Black and white, sand shade and burnt
straw tako the lead in colors. Prices range from
$3.50 to $16.75.
White Gowns
While Gowns neatly trimmed with embroidery
and lace: good value at $1.25,
Saturday Special > 05c.
House Dresses
House Dresses in plain and stripe Gingham; colors, blue, Inn, black.   Special ...' $1.00
SPECIALS FROM OUR BARGAIN DEPT.
t
Children's Stockings, regular 30e     .20
Ladies' Cashmere llose, regular 35c  . .25
Ladies' Felt Slippers 25
Children's Felt Slippers 15
Turkish Towels, regular 20 15
Brown Tea Pots, regular 40c. 25
Enamel Stove Pots, regular 75c 50
Enamel Coffee Pots, regular 60c 40
Enameil Dippers, regular 25c ....*,.    .15
Milk Jugs, regular 20c ! 15
SMALLWARE
Shoelaces, regular 15e. <?oz 05
Hook and Eyes, regular 5c. card, 2 for 05
Shaving Brushes, regular 40c 20
Bunch Tape, regular 2 for oc, 4 for  05
Scribblers, regular 25c 15
Lead Pencils, regular 20c. doz  .doz.    .10
Bill Folds and Purses, regular 50c ''....    .25
Belts, regular 65c •    .35
Our Grocery
Department
SATURDAY SPECIALS
ETO«-2re^i3i3ffi*a^
Mollas&w Snaps, % lbs 25
Evaporated Peaches, per lb •    .10
Ci'iii.bcrries, .2 lbs 25
IfolbrooKs Herrings in sauce. 2 tins     .35
Wag-stuff's Plum Jaim, per tin 75
Wagstaff's Poach Jam, per tin 75
Red Cross Pickles, qt. jars 35
llcin/. Baked Beans, medium size, 2 for 35 .
1 leinz linked Beans, large size ;.,,.*    .25
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 8 bars **.; 25
Rogers' Pure Cane Syrup, 2 lb. tins 15
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lbs    *75.
Holbrook's Marafat Peas, per pkg. ..........    .10
Robertson's Special Cream Candy, peril). ..    .15
Robertson's Molasses Cream Candy, per lb 15
Scott's Emulsion, large size ,.    .75
Beef. Iron and Wane, 16 oz '.    .50
Lymnn's Talcum Powder, large size 25
Lyman's Talcum Powder, small size 15
Peroxide, small • 10
,, Robin Hood Porridge Oals, 5 lb. ea'ton. 2 fori.    .55
Quaker Oats  ..'. •     .25
These Money Saving Ptices should
appeal to all economic housekeepers
tP*1
XS-
The Store of
«',-,   Quality
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Money Saving Prices
*■> -<
•
Interesting Document
%
were to leave their mtiisterii without
thi'lr consent, tliey would be "'esteem*
ed, report anil houlilcu ns thieves of
themselves of cowrse for leaving such
iiiiilster*." The same act given full
permission to "(lie masters anil owners
;if it'll ccml houghs to lay hold of all
vagabonds nnd sturdy beggars" and to
compel them to work In the pits,
In the reign of Charles H., 1661,
there was passed another act anem
the Idleness of the ctJIllers of that day,
also against giving them too high
wages. Oy It tho rate of wages is
fixed, and the time of working as
well, which Iihs "all the six days In
tho week," and as the not working
constantly was "n great offence to
(Jod," and to the "prejudice of the
roelsters," they wore to pay certain
fines, and if need be, suffer otber punishments In "their bodies." Thore are
nif ft-w wbo would like to go back lo
tbe -tiny* of t'harles 11. to hew coal.
The servitude and slavery of Ut«
colll-tr continued In Scotland Ull the
early part of the reign of Oeorce IH.r-
Preface the year 1775.   Thon the emancipation
In complying with the suggestion to) waa only nominal, as ln 17*9 another
Issue the Coal Mines Regulation Act statute had to be passed to complete
The Coal Mines Regulation Act of 1872
(England)
Kiliidr'a, Note.—The document that
foi:owB.AV,'is written by that pioneer of
unionism of the miners of Great Brit-
ult., Alexander .MacDonald, as an Introduction to and comment on the first
effective "mine regulutlon act" eveF
paused by any government. It Ik characteristic of thia grand old leader of
the minors, out of conditions that approximated slavery, that he gives
credit to many of his' co-workers, but
modestly 'fulls to make mention of the
fact that he himself led tho fight that
brought about  consideration   by  Uie
JVirllnmeiit or the necessity of rem-
tMli-il legislation lor the miners.
Among those he mentions and credits Is a Mr. Totlow. an uncle to Percy
Tetlow of Ohio who Is a prominent
member of our own organisation, and
tia4 taken and Is still taking a lead-
,.       -itiit in the upbuilding ot the miners* union.
nf 1ST? with ti few notes If •cm our
first Intention to have given nil thc
nets ot Parliament relating to coal and
Iron mines in estenao that have preceded that or this year. A mere glance
at these let us nee tbat It wa-* utterly
Impossible, as such a compilation
would in Itself make » volume of considerable stxe. Iletng from these clr-
< iimtU'ic»>», compelled to abandon th"
Idea, wc hope liefore oor pilgrimage
the wn-rV An. Plnnmiint writer -'v.-
claim*, "how strange tbat a negro
eoald be a free man In Kngland before
the miner or bis family were so in
many of the districts of the country."
Prior lo lhe emancipation of Ihe col-
Hers, many of them had found the
yoke of a very falling hind. The
law anent combinations iheu b-elng in
force, they betook themselves to secret
combination, An exposure of this was
fully made In the Inquiry that took
MioniKolveH to get clamorous about
.hem, till in !k:>D a hill was brought
'nlo lite ilou.se of Commons which'
P'.iased nnd is known as tho first in-
lilicctlaii act. The provisions of this
Mil ri'liite only to safety timl are of a
very tnctigro character. It was only
in experimental measure, In conso-
-iiicikc, it wn* limited ,io flvo years.
On the solicitation of the mining population, boforo the not passed, tbe system had n long trial, and another
commltteo said that they had Inquired
Into Uio question of better vontllatlorf
ami other precautionary measures.
This 'brought about the act of 1855.
A' vigorous, -agitation now sot in tor
many or the provisions tbat are In the
act now passed, which led to the passing or another In i860. This bill, unlike Its protleccssors. was not limited
to any time. The agitation that has
hIiicc been continued, all are nearly
familiar with.
Among those who long aided the
miners In tho House of Commons, not
a few have gone to their rest, others
havo ceased to be members. Among
ihose who remain none have been more
steadfast and true to tbe miners than
the Hon. Arthur Kinnalrd. M.P. for
Perth, and Mr. Ayrton, the. >l. P. for
Tower Hamlet. Of those who have
done much for the miners, from tbelr
own ranks, we call to mind the names
of wit  men -is   Jude, Tettnw, fflrey
IF GIVEN RELIEF, IS
EXPECTED TO WORK
Province    Wants
Those on
Reciprocity
Relief Rolls
From
VltTOJUA, Feb. 20.—Work ou provincial highways, it ls understood will
from now on bo expected from all men,
married or single, who are on tbe provincial relief rolls. Representations
had been made from various points on
Vancouver Island to* the government,
that two weeks' work per month
should be provided. That, however,
Is quite Impossible, and as a matter
or fact few mon employed in the mines
are getting anything like that much,
Bight and ten shifts per month is about
the average.
The main point Is that hencofcrth
a dollar's worth of work will be secured for every dollar of relief funds
iwtd out. Tbe rate, it Is understood,
is to be fined at ♦2.2-5 per day. The
view taken by the officers ln charge
of this work, under the government,
is that a man Is In this way assured
of n small sum to secure sufficient
food, aud as the number ot children
dependent on each is taken Into con
^deration In allotting the work the
upon summary conviction, be liable to
a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars,
and In default of payment of such, to
Imprisonment for a period of not piore
thnn three months.
.". Any Incompetent person presuming to possess a certificate tn accordance with the provis-lous of this Act
shall, upon summary conviction, be liable to u penalty not exceeding fifty
dollars, and, In default of payment of
mich, to Imprisonment for a period of
not more tban throe months.
tl. In any prosecution under this
Act the name of the complainant or informant shall not be disclosed,
7. This Act shall not apply to coal
mines oper-ailng under the "Coal Mines
Regulation Act."
8. This Act shall come into effect
on May the first, 1915.
The house went Into committee on
Parker Williams' bill to protect work-
lu.«m.-tfii lu Isolated places by compelling Ute provision of lirst aid appliances, wilh W. H. Mai lean (Kelson)
In the obalr, and mado progress on It
Hon, Dr. Young moved to strike oat
ledge timl also provisions made for
ambulance boxes and oilier essen-tials.
This proposed remedial measure is
not intended to apply to coal mines, is
they are already covered by enactments in force.
Tho point made by J. T. Place In
reply to Hon. Dr. Young is one with
which those who have made complaints
nre quite familiar and doubtless tbls
was recognised by -tho minister when
called to his attention, hence roason
for withdrawal of his motion. When
definite action on this bill has been
reached we will let our readers know
tlie result.'
DRASTIC TAX TO BRACE
CANADA'S SLUMP IN REVENUE
New Tariff Duties and Stamps to
Bring In 128,000,000 Annually—Total
Deficit on Year's Operations Estlm-
ated at 100,000,000.
OTTAWA, Ont,, Feb. 20.—A drastic
war taxation measure was proclaimed
In the-Canadian parliament late today
i tte   i|iv *%>*SIRIiSVIS9M   1IAI limill'll*   fee**™   i^nivj
the section securing the secrecy of|by w T WMt<| m(B,itJJr or „Mnw
sources ot Information whers a. prose
cutlon tat to be taken. As an inform.
ant roust lay s complaint on oath the
Bank circulation and the .business ot
loan fire Insurance companies art
taxed. A stamp tax is applied to business nnd banking transactions, to rail*
i ..      ..   u...       ... ^ , v.   «**** iBd •»«u>»wl» tickets, tlegraph
twenty or so days each month, a man Main the bill would be unworkabi-s niMi ^bje mwwfeg, letters, wines end
aim Is to see that none shall actually eoetlen woeld be Inoperative.
want tor food.     In   the   remaining!   J. T. Waco IXanalmo) considered
mny secure other work, or make some > the section wss taken out,   For a man
i^ynvt nvvilkliw*.   T-Uu U * custom*
Phillips, Swallow, Mitchell. Miller, i,,rfort* «•* •• MMm* to Vtottto food »o make sny complaint and be ^own 1 urtff increase covering all Imports
ghaw, N'ormansell, Ptcfcard. Hurt Hal'.i.^or b,» f*M»,,»'' Kf** **• •"■• rW*lw **• •B»PtoJrw" moals we*n 'J11" h#! now dutiable and the free list of tm-
day and Crawford, If time could only | »»,»«M,« have been relaxed In outlying j would be at once out of a Job, he said, j vm§ ,g rirttt3l„r mlpti mU ^^
*.. ._..,,-...» ... _. ^^u i.i.~ .* 9A„~ distriot* so tbat this means of provid.1 and he Instanced the case of a ta«n ■ mtn w. nA ,„«,_„ ,.»
is finished to be sbl«- to complete such
ti stork and off.>r It ui Last for the pa! pl»c« In the y«ar 1*2-.
ironage of the miners of the United]    The condition of slavery in which
Kingdom In som* convenient w»rm,   -the mine** had been placed engender-
Ih* greater eora Or*ns i«*U ttot, me^ot l>*»t»its©« a *rr> low cMrarief. HhiSj
*ii| Mrii«e oiil> ■» f*-** ol ti"-«H» that - UifM-awd  in  m«i<»   Mi*-">s  till ***t% i
hsve ps«eed and  bwrw-c law  from i-coal t?-*>M*«r bad a woman nr -girl loj
lime lo time,     Thc fir*- »''i thai x* 'draw 'lie coal or hear It np tb* *hafls!
read «f Itt ttcottish liUt*»o  l» one 'i»;or oni <»t il»«» i«tii*«*s of that d*te.   Tbe|
Ot<> iliilo of tin- Ill-Cited (jiiM-n Mnry,: hiltiM- nrcup«.|,|on   wn* of «  fearfully
lMi.   It Is not no m-i-h wiih working\laJwrtow* xi*nrnn*t. m moth so that)
be granted (o us, we eould llko to give} district* so tbat this means of protid.
each ihelr place In a manner that th* i,n* iw^ can be made use of,
young of the present day and that off '"'•* "mn, ]
coming gencrailons would learn what i *" AJJ HI JSJI .22.ii        * hi. mwm .mmm*tmt*m
had been don« for them and by whom j °* WORKMEN INOAOIO his 10wn eaper enee.
Uwa)l<, ; in INOUSTRIAI. OPERATIONS j   Ur. Young withdraw hia moilon and
. . • allowed th«> section to stand over.
Hl»,\l3Ht).b) snd with the sdvlce     Knwet Miller <Oraad Porks) sag-
nested as a way ont of the difficulty
will he no Income tax.
M^^S^ilTSSS rase. In! fwUft *"■ t0^«  «« "r* ^ »*r
Mr. Williams cited .irn.l.r ease, in ^ JBcmw ^ ||f ^^ ^ ^^
; mediate tariff rates and & per cent, ta*
crease to liriilsb preferential rates.
AL8X. M'DO.VAUU.
IttityfoRn, August 39, JITJ.
I*rem V. M. W. Joattial
TO RESTORE *ICHT
Ot TRIAL BY JURY
and consent of thc Legislative Assetnb
ly ot the Province ol ttrtUsb Columbia, j thai a man might complain to a pro-
raacta as follows: hlndal roRstable and the act weold
t,
AmbnUn
1   Kvery employer of labor dlreetly 1 «"«lo«s, »po« tbe constable
Hit there will hereafter be a
charge of ?t| per teat, oa goods fro*
tbt United States and -elsewhere, with
the exception of (Ireat nnialn and th*
Note Circulation Tax	
A tits of 1 por cent annually Is placod
upon the note circulation of banks,
on the fiioss Income of trust and loan
coin-paiilcs and on premiums rocolved
In Canada by all Insurance compaulea
Tho nbovo charges aro made retro,
active and apply to ull transaction*
after January 1, 1915..
From u date -to be fixed the follow-
ing taxes will be applied:
One cent ono each telegraph or cable
mosimge originating In Canada to be
paid <by the sender. On railway and
steamboat tickets sold In Canada to
points in Uaiwda, Newfoundland and.
the United States a tax of 5 conts oa
each ticket costing over $1 and not
more than 1'. mid 5 cents for each additional $.1 or fraction. For each
sleepliiK car berth sold in Canada, Hi
conts tax, nnd for each parlor car seat
ticket 5 -centt. Upon other steamship
tickets taxes range from 93 to 98.
The Stamp Taxes
The following stamp taxes are applied from today:
"Two centa on each check, deposit
receipt, bill of exchange, expresa order, poet office order and bill of lad.
lug; upon each postal not* » ataap tax
of one cent, Bach latter or poi-t-osrd
mailed in Canada must carry a war
tax stamp of one cent. Upon aaoh
package ot proprietary or patent nedi-
fin* and pei*i»#ry a .stamp of ottc
cent np to 10 centa value and one cent
for each additional 10 centa retail
charge most be placed. Noasparfclln«
wines are taxed 10 cents a quart, champagne and sparkllag wlaea If eeals a
plat
Mr. Whlto estimates that area witb
the ne* duties to be Impoeed tbe loaa
of revenue to the ead of the pweent
tbe year's operation waa eeti«ated at
Meet Borrow Htavtfy
Thi* An *k*i. be -tlted *» tb# i >•»«*' the 4iat| nt waMmg IwtwttfmlAm, Mlta-Ii- M t%m mttamtaM*^i lta# mUMmt   "Tbo llnaare minister alao eetlaated
*kn« Ait. 1915." J eM. If ssteMftry. of IsMIbttoE Vttm- J JJJ^J^J[JJ JTsWSit ' toU-f iU* %U **** ***»»**«* §■ the Ra-
per-
rnaaaed reveeae of more than IJO.eoo.-,
cal year beglaalag AprU 1 Mit «tft
Attorney OeneraN •!« ta Up «« the w iwdlrertly operating any wine, tmmp, I   The i|«#atlon of the date wben tbe       ^V . mmtsilJ lt0-k -LJ7Z j N*1*1 9SttMt,tm\ while on lh# present
  ■■■■ "* '      ' * -     ~*  '-" "* '"'* *-*-""■ "'-" '-* •*""* baaia the reveaae weald awment to
but 1121,0011,0(1    Tim spnntii wnt t%-
House of Cominons
> tariff duties and from Ibe stamp tax j
I.O.VI10.V. I*#5». m-'Tbe AUoreej
mtut.tmv Motottin M m«<>wi« ton, »u*tt me pout ciinsieiws it-mmm ia*|i««'«w**«» -mnt m *m**m tmt imont*.m
il.X ■**.**,
,'i*
[.Ik*   A:i
t'ouslructlon work, or la-ftialry employ-• art «b»11 m Into force was left opei,
Iim morn than Infiily persons, and be- for the present, imi-il1 wt
Ing ilteated more than three Mas]   Tbe hill of which we reproduce fttj •*"*     |u|   f
- i,      :*/*    .:!    *'H   '*'.*'*.   ,Ui..,,.l.l..i.U-   *'t'   1-,    TV-n-.ct      1 -"\iiiU-.,     -      Mil' l-lU'O    H-    .lul r tAi,'   W*    M^tl,  rt*S   ttlttHi,   «t*t«M   l^t   iklMl-
Wb*i ,-m-k to&mty m ««*• ** 3«m]«» tV leiaealsc of th* t^ftttata of ]«« **^?r .2-H!Zm 1*XXL**1'i«•*•*•    "W* ataOl be oblige te bar.
imt*,-*..
| peMHare. IteUied la the total, «nmM
*j*ak««*ai, ee e-sunuu*. te |tmmbjttb,
'* atUkn in ibe »#»«*• ww ''W'B JwuuMiy *»r worm. « wni« ^^ ''*'*™*-m *■._«*■= «««•.■«•«#• '"i^t,    -u^^L    .—^—^.^....    ^^s !""•*•      w,f *■»• m wwpe m ear.
twMHiww u irtftmewi the'; **e mrmm prmmMm a tefliflead? ef I those nebwttanni* te mem wtth ee «•-;*■"•   "•■»•'  *"ww*7** ..y^r?*** bmtttf num* the **trtr:*M»Mi*.'"
****** tm tomttkbb
t • ,i >,»,... j , i*.        ,,...>       > *.''.        ui.1,1. >nt     iltt'l     iii-u     Hi,»hj«i««
■*t*min  inn   t*t,4  oiSmu*^   ikni  li-.-|, aitli   ih*   ntlukt   oi   ikmir   -Vafdta. j I***'** l's.*W*H'n ntitko 1* the If-oese
*tMMsM "«** ns- itmnh ***** w •««*-'»««** bmv*. m mtbmr «<», mmm'it *j**4* mm imtmr* u tbttutm ^ .^"X~A ^"AIZZ ii'i" tt*T ,m.i tMemt whmm ■*■• thee thrae ra»eai««»p- tm anthracite coal, X»wfoee*-„. mM
This *n* nnder th* palo* ttt *fl«^il) «l*o mnl** Into the mines.  When the right  ef trt.l  byJnry.   It ^»^j^^TJ/lTf^^rie    ^^ 2m^\SmA *^t T5 *«* «* «»« *» «•«»« «•* »«•-!
tt ad t'onnsrHMrtn -    tn 1 ~M Itimct VI. i evil was In toll bloom tt wai that Urdf that a lM\t\*b subject, rbarf ed wnh * \ntnr*A. mA *bo\l elm provide a good«f»«w   *   *«ly n«aline« mmt*,   m* I ^^ ^ f   ^ %^ ^   ? ^ ^^
ttmrnkatimmm-umm. **m**m* .„  ,..» *am*tO*m, mmm*, ***** »*»***» ft*.  ************ I*.*.,*-  if**-*.*   **-<**  **•  ***it*m*m  *».  M   * **.     ^■'T^~2!^*i!!?£*^^ 	
^ffc.r.     It moot* n^mt  that the| ehkh rieM «br fe.rf.lly 4eg»4H | RmIri   to*,  mn,   elthl.  toot etmt \    11*. J*J"*J JfJ^Jgf"*?^^^^t^^ ^ tmlUm tlt^lH mmblnon. nZit,  te-     l#OXDov m^T  ~
ceal tymnmn" hid been mu* ot *mn*tt- poalttm ef «h» temat** In m^iv t-lntoo. I An*, thlm trial hy a cWI «*rt i«ry ^ et Health nbafl ietenela* the WW arieiag, g^ »*^ *gL"* Um>, mm$ ^Bl mm, ^^tmrl Jf^^^r "*"
et^bll importance   la   t;-.e   4**n   ttt the mt ot till 4tm* iH*m tmt et the«lastead cf reerl iwrtlal.   ttm right of -.ttmimmtlme »*f««fir to Qhtat.   . artthsg. ete.   Wtowtse tbe #M»leyw*a ~«^ 71*^1.7r!LTT5: i** iB »»»««WW
Inmtn VI and ha*! *«'h tn-ibM b!«: ml^s. an4 it -nlm prablhTtM lb* *wk-; trial be fery **T. howtter. h* gna..-mtlftrate nf emtntumey !• *****
ol Imt* Mot* lea yw* of age*.:tmide4 b* i^wrlaMlhm le «h« e»wM»«r*' eW le the lajnrad. aad Uiy delf
myei heirt. aa In !**• w* fi»'t wn'ht'r- tm
«i":lttfti*   tbtf-tl   nHb»N*   "t"   ^rt-**' -   if
those IMt waebl "tali ur.t t-mte out «i"
•»l/,   p'K.f^.'itfi" *A th"   1 I'* ■' *'"     -'*•'       *"
UM »«* hu-i nmiher »<«•«!*. wk.nh
tills time 4*nin w»% tb* *mm*r      'n
the atet*** ■ tber* nt* mretml  j»iwl-
the ie«Mtt iMiewevthy   b*t*   in.
Tht*    Mr eetwril*'!    rrtl'1**i     ■»*-*.i«fi»r«
.**.,*tr,t~t% mmt* ra«sM«>rabie ea«c«ra
'■    t I    t *.',       * ■-,*,    •***    ^tt1    *;    P ■** 'Si* **    ,-l*Xt'*    **
/ti.w'f.     f'«fl»wit.U-«.'* «*'-i*' Unmet by
tke Unite nf IjorAn m4 Cowmtoien ta
«M».tr- latii i*.*i», te «•* if th*** ro«l4
r be nm nr***.****. te tbeaa.   Tb-
*»f Sfl
'nf*«»A«i ee *tk**r aftmf,tl awm**-i*f*mtW*^ fw*-s*t*-»l p--»rlltkviier BM? I*>
•k«aM to alt tbey en* t» see -*at aet i»«'-asM» lypeeettera *»4 casters.  .Nlee-l^t^ $m (mtm$g j. t „,
uao bet several ef thalr owlawr be?"** n(W«tt tot opmm tmH pwatslpan nm ^th a tUm ot
t tbat tbe tavern-
sflenMI ***ry oeeerteelty te
la adWM to the free list
fl
Km of nmtomtm br hhnr ffltput#«
Tb* i-M'ieaeed 4«il*» *Ul be tmiimiA'inoi
smra iriotaa ftwm tbe war.   The mr- *o* imtiU *r*nt** 1* ntmAnwo tb#tN*itn£y *imUlb4 m ttmtim-ti-M bit,        ■* __     w	
A* .t.*M*" -v th* sij» win ♦» ****** mtbb '   v» *«^« «** to nn* the *<M mm''"** mm mhMth 1*m*i**l *sl*.ff«r gm-wrmne* prrti^^ tivtt mi itt
ikf fo'iimr-tut m tredwaila.   #«!*
4    \h-\ i MiiiUxfi ot Mm tlrmtf mUnrtbw wt«nd-HI hy wmjwMfci *wi.ilMweii» hi Canada.    Tlw*dr«*1»f*p*|J,er*.jittea he .ruTem-d le ea
mitwwtly eeeniiMt.:'^af mmm arjftapMi where a swasher ef *ea •m|«Rapa«f » per mm. ea dety paid eaftrflnMl aoaktoatH  %  the
t» *a #*»e tmm ttm m** tmm* *mb*:wOb>m-tmlk*~9mMtmo«^j«m*i^^ *» *?* *^ .■?•? ???('*!!Lf?!!!?! ^!*!!J*1*._C*!*^
Vimetty tbt.
thet the
t ii* oem*  ot   mtm battle batwt*»: t nf «m» Act tm mom tbm at* **■(a wtmot prsMMMsr «• bnm mt i«gi( MMftcMei »« •xp«ew« f* mats- f •watvaaeaft hae placed a* mmotttt tm
thai  If th-if, iiii*- *"**t**1 *-mW-*-*i>''' t*tf  ffi'ww  *!*,
trntiT  ?■?*<•'*t   V^sa I »li«ti#* **i li*f•*«»♦ at Ifeffl'. *"»**,       l is***-**" *tmh **tmn**mot owtntm ttmlb,*
flrat aid baew.' tnmmmA term ta eawiteeed.*
j**?***** nt t*t* ifmtm*m itmr.
«*4t*s «N**, + v -fhfft

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