BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1914-11-07

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0309002.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0309002-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0309002-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0309002-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0309002-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0309002-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0309002-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

; iV
todfifri*m,i-*.A ^
Watch For The Date of Hard Times Ball
Fernie Sends Its
Second Contingent
Fully four hundred "uien were *pre-
aont at the Victoria Hall on Saturday
night on the. occasion of a farewell
smoker to the second contingent of
Volunteers from Fernie. And, these
men represented every shade of political and religious belief, while nation-
aities -were Just as varied. For once
every one forget what he -was or what
ho ought to be; 'he only remembered
that the boys who had volunteered, to
fight were deserving of an ovation for
the honest)'i of their convictions. The
-spirit of good feOllng and good fellowship -was abroad, and while it must be
admitted that many -may have been attracted by the prospects of a free entertainment 'and refreshments, there
wae from the very start an air of
freedom, tout at the same time sincerity. .Those present seemed to realize
the -poeition and sacrifice of the volunteers; they did* not want any reminders In the shape of speeches;
although the speeches that were delivered wore the sincere utterances of
men who -bolieved, right ot wrong, that
It was the duty of all to defend the
country of their adoption or birth.
There war, not one single disparaging remark ahout the German troops
or the German Emperor; there was
Just a tivm convletlon- that the Allies
were right and the Germans were
While we-have no love for war, and
regret to see so many ' of our own
class going to the front <l'or again
it was the much despised "working
cl-aas" -who formed the bulk) it is witli
" piwisunre™urat"Tw<r~ noted ThiBTnrafketf'
was soon telling his hearere of the
remark o'f Prince .Bismarck, who on
being asked what he 'Would do If the
British army ever invaded Germany,
remarked that lie would request the
policemen on the streets to arrest
them. "It is taking quite a faw policemen to arre|t them at present on the
Aisne -and the Yipres," said the speaker, while he had no doubt that the German soldiers in the trenches in Belgium iwere thinking—as those there
that night had been singing—It was
still a long way to Dunkirk and. Calais.
They had encountered reverses, but
with every reverse the British, determination seemed to grow stronger;
and the reason for this was that the
British were on the right side of the
controversy. He hoped that all those
who went from Fernie would acquit
uheni'selves as -men, remembering the
obligation they had undertaken, and
he promised them that, if -spared to
return, be would do his part by seeing
that they were re-placed in their old
positions. He then told the contingent that -he wished to give them some
momento to remind thein of their
home town, and the gift—a pipe and
tobacco—which he with -his wife was
asking them to accept, was given with
their beet wishes for a safe return. *
.The .pipes were then distributed to
the contingent.
A short speech by Colonel Mackay,
in which he thanked those present" for
the entertainment tbey had provided,
and 'Mr. Wilson for his gift, was followed by souks and recitations, aud lt
jr-Titt" the iiiorning^bef'cn'o~th&
In the early hours of Sunday 'morning, after the close of the farewell
smoking concert tendered the departing volunteers, a gathering of the
members of the Fernie Club was held
Inthe Club rooms, 'When Stanley Norton, one of the volunteers and a .member of tho Club, was presented .with
a handsome gold watch and also a signet ring. Jlr. Norton Is the first
Fernie Club man to volunteer his services for the front
The iMIchel Band, sipent Sunday in
the city, arriving here on tho morning (passenger, .having .accompanied
ithe -Miohel contingent as far as this
change In the tone of the proceedings.
For not only docs it show tliat the
men realize more thoroughly the seriousness ot the situation, but those who
are content to bid them adieu also
havo a better appreciation of tlie condition of affairs, " Seriousness 1ms never
cost or lost a nation anything, but the
vaporings' of would-be patriota, who
are invariably content to shout of
"king, country and flag," and not have
the slightest Intention of doing anything more dangerous than "kill tbo
Kaiser with their mouth," are disgusting and nauseating in the extreme.
The -Mayor opened the proceedings,
remnrkln? that this was the second
contingent, but there would be others
If they wero required. Thc response
to the call made fc* the second con-;
tlngent convinced him of thia fact
A song by Mr. Hanson waa followed
by a mpeech by 8herswood Herohmer.
Tbe ajwttker reminded hia hearers
that he had done his "little hit"; he
bad heard tht alp of bullets and aeen
brave mon fall, and ho realized what
tho men who had volunteered would
be called upon to fact, lie felt sure
they would acquit thctnwlvea aa men
and bo a credit to the country of their
birth and adoption. Mr. Herchmer
concluded ait eloquent and manly
speech with a reminder to ail that,
while tht Union Jack might appear to
tomt at repretentatlve oply of a piece
of cloth, ttm It wm admitted by all
tbat, ao tar aa governments ot today
went, under itt protection wat to bt
found a gmttr measure of Juaf.ce and
freedom than under any other government
W. R. Puckey was the ntit Item,
and thl* one. "Ifi a Long Way to Tip-
ptrary," waa joined in with a rim thnt
t as rtfrwWw. Tlmt aftar tlmt tbe
crowd aaai «kt chorea, aad time afttr
time tto •tattr waa called back, until
tbt cbaJfntn took pity and annamwd
tht .text eptaker, T. Uphill,
Tow wWantljr had had ont "put
over on blow" aad waa not ailed ac
cording to schedule, however, lit told
bla 13twa la a atialthtf<rward, tv\M
irnmtt. mt betttatlnt to itote thit h«
wna mi oM soldier, aad his aympathltt
were'wl* "1V»*wy AtWaa." Tht
. tpbaktr WM Jottdly eheawd, and hie
\ eipHnatfon of tht fact tbti n man
ebo etarted training In tht mllltla did
.    .   v,        .. ,-■'■-■ it * I.
HW   «•«<   mtt^Mtt,...   •*.-■»    944,...   »t      »■•■
.<;., Ti-'Tjr it nt;,- IV e ** i1e*W--V wn*
mmh appreciated and ehte-W.
At the Drill Hall on Friday evening
the members of Fernie's second contingent were -presented with socks,
mitts, sleeping helmets and badges by
the local branch of the Daughters of
the Empire. The Rebekahs also presented the 'boys with a neat little companion containing needles, thread, buttons, etc.
In connection witji the forming and
departure of the two contingents from
Fernie Lt.-,Col. J. Mackay, officer commanding In the Kootenays, has done
the military authorities a very appreciable service. This able officer has
made most of the arrangements, and
travelled extensively al! over the district during the mobilization of the
contingents. Here in Fernie, little
has Ibeen done towards entertaining
the men, beyond 'providing a smoking
concert. The expense of boarding men
who have arrived in town from outside points has fallen upon tiie colonel, and -while the city has met certain of these obligations (which, no
doubt, the government will assume as
soon as matters are straightened out)
gathering broke up
Messrs. Archie Prentice, who was
encored, repeatedly, J. Puckey, W. R.
Puckey, and several others contributed"
items, while the piper filled In Intervals with wlerd and wonderful music
on his pipes,
The gathering was a success, and
much credit Is due to Paddy Hughes,
and his able staff of assistants, who
attended to the requirements ot the
Those ln charge wish us to convey
their thanks to all who assisted In sny
way to the success of the gathering.
Tho services rendered toy the Fertile Coal Creek Band and Mr. Carrie's
Orchestra from the Isle were much
appreciated, and It is to be hoped that
next year when the Council is considering the granting of public .monies lt
will see that the band who "stays
with lt" gets the consideration It deserves. Mr. Carrie Is also to be complimented upon the generous manner
In which he brings his aggregation «o
the assistance of the city nnd charitable causes.
l-rTTSrfWveSBeleisTworked' consider
able hardship upon the officer who had
been compelled to pay out his own
'god money. This matter has been
discussed at gatherings of the Patriotic Fund and the City Council, and
from what we have heard, it certainly
appears far from fair that any one
mhn should be expected to finance,
for even a short time, so expensive an
undertaking as the mobllzatlon of
troops. We sincerely trust that the
military authorities will see that this
matter receives immediate attention,
while if they fall it will be the duty of
the city to seo that Lt-Cbl. Mackay ls
not -penalized with this expense, which
we understand** runs Into several hundred dollar*. It is aure nice to send
contingents away, but to a man like
tho oolonel, who has the esteem of
all, it must be most expensive.
Six Months For
Chicken Stealing
It is rarely that those bound upon
errands of mercy are compelled to
give evidence to secure the arrest of
the recipients of their charity. Such
however was the experience of some
members of the Coal Creek relief committee, lt appears that the relief
committee had received a request
from Dominic Langli and Chas. Dan-
nar for relief and one evening last
week, several members of the committee visited the house to distribute
groceries, etc. But, lo! and behold,
when the committee arrived at the
house, far f ropi a state of poverty they
had expected to encounter, their nasal
organs were assailed with the exceedingly pleasant and savory odour of
chicken. They timidly enquired whether they had .made a mistake, but
were assured .by the inmates that they
were in sore need of assistance. So,
■being instructed, and having the .word
of the inmates that they required relief, they deposited their burdens and
went their way. But. their was among
the multitude one who viewed with
wonder the fact that a family could
possibly be in want and. be eating chicken, especially as they had not been
known to be breeders of poultry. As
a result of certain misgivings, the
confidence of the local custodian of
law and order was sought, and he,
feeling a like curiosity, hied him to
that mysterious household. With a
pleasant nod and a cheery smile, the
"bobiby" enquired how tasted the chicken,
"'Me no cat chicken; us very poor,"
But still Joseph was curious, and the
"OconrtiTBTvadingr™ i
What The Friendly
Societies Are
Troops Ordered to
Guard Miners (!)
Following is the names of those who
went with the second contingent from
Pernie and 'Michel:
' Ptrnlt
8, Cameron    11. Oman
G. Dingadaio
W. 8, Grant
T, Horner
J. Lowa
H, Quite
W. Worthington
J. Crlmahaw
I. Rosa
II. Company, Royal HlghJandors of
Canada, Salisbury Plain, England.
Sir,-—I take the liberty of writing
you a few lines a* i am sure you are
wondering what has become of the
A pot on the stove to investigated,
and the occupant asked as to its contents, "jack rabbit!".was the response.
■Now, although the constable's knowledge of zoology was not .profound, he
could not help but ft.nnrVn that he had
never seen a jack rabbit with wings
and two legs, while.the attenuated
necks of the monsters gave him
the impression that tho occupants of
the house had unearthed a nest of
\oung dinosaurs or dinotherums, in
fact the constable "dln'o -what," but
he did know jack rabbits. So he pursued his Investigations, which revealed three fine fat chicken under a pile
ot kindling in the cellar,
The occupants of tite house were astonished; horrified: they had never
seen or eaten chicken; could not explain. So it was decided to take them
to Fernie, hoping that the invigorating
atmosphere ot the provincial Jail
might refresh their memories. Tt did
and resulted In Chas. Danner getting
a sentence of 6 months hard labor, and
Dominie Lamgetl being let go on sus
pended sentence The latter had a
wife who pleaded very" hard, and it was
men from Fernie, and want to know' on her account that the magistrate al
ii. W. ClauBhen   Q. Una
II. Caruuc.ll U. 8. Xorria
J. Dinged!)!
W, Gregory
M. Grundy
IS. B. Hunt
J. I lop wood
It. Jonea
V. Nudnkski
II, lonea
J. A. Tyler
8. Norton
It. W. G, Minion
P, Doodaon
.!. Mnnn
II. Brown
J, McKenzie
It, W, Ramtbaw
P. lllskemort
J. Corrltan
G. A. Crafab
how we are getting on.
In tbt first placa I mutt tel! you
the contingent ts entirely broken up,
for which I am very sorry, but It was
unavoidable under the circutnttancea,
aa when we arrived at Valcartier we
were attached to tht 7th Provisional
Battalion. Here we soon found we
w*re very unwelcome, eleven rowan-
let being already in the battalion, and
aa I waa afraid of being left behind
for tilt socond contingent, I looked for
another regiment, and with Fraser,
Minton, Mitchell, Herring. Upralkt.
Clarldga and forty or fifty mora, got
transferred to tht abort, wbtrt wa an
lowed bim out on suspended sentence.
Cbas Dannar, it appears, claims relationship to the woman, and is a single man. The female tn the witness
box stated tlmt Danner had brought
homo ten chickens and a duck.
There ia not the allg-htett doubt that
tht prisoners bavt been carrying on
systematic rc'iiwry of henhouses both
at Coal Creek and Fernie, and It Is
to be hoped that the exemplary sen-
tenet passed by tht magistrate may
act aa a deterrent to auch mean contemptible pilfering. Tbe people who
have lost poultry art In many instances much worst off than the prisoners,
The friendly societies are at work,
and they do not intend to quit until
something real has been done to alleviate the distress iu this town. The
brothers of each organization realize
their obligations and feel that by
banding together they can accomplish
far more than by individual action.
On Sunday last a meeting was held
in the Council Chamber, kindly lent
for tiie occasion, when the fallowing
were present:    .-,
lMrs. Dutbie and Miss McLeod, for
the Rebekahs; Messrs. Quinney and
Pearson, for the Odd Feilowt; Messrs
Woods aud Bird for the Foresters;
Mr. .luck Shilling-tor*'*the Orangemen,
and Messrs. W. Owen and F. H. Newn-
ham for tihe. Moose. Owing to the
interment of a brother, the K. P,'s representatives were unable to be present
The preliminary business of the
meeting having been accomplished,
the meeting immediately settled down
to business. Mr. J. Quinney spoke
first and suggested that a hard times
dance would be one of the most appropriate methods of raising money. He
also suggested, that Entertainments
might be arranged from time to time
and the proceeds devoted to the fund.
Ti;t brother's suggestion found ready
supiport from among those present,
and a committee was appointed to
make arrangements.
The uext matter discussed was the
condition of some of the school chl'd-
-g£JL Jin?-**- a   migg-Pg-Unn   that ahniilil-fltni.
ditlons warrant it. a soup kitchen
might be introduced and the little ones
provided with a plate of hot soup to
start the day on.
As a result of thin discussion and!
the question ns to whether some ofj
ihe children wero sufficiently clad, it;
wa* decided to wait u.pon the school
authorities and endeavor to ascertain
V, hat proportion of the school children
wero in real need, and if possible to
secure their numefe and -provide them
with  warm garments.     Tlie    ladles
present were requested to handle this
end of the business, and will ropdrt ut
the next meeting which will be held,
if convenient, in the City, Hall on Sunday next at 4 o'clock.
It was moved by Mrs. Duthle that
all clothing might bo left at tho office
of the District ledger, and readers
might take note that if they have any
garments which they havo no Immediate use for, they can leave them at
this office, when wc will see thai they
are distributed to those who require
After several other luattew had beeu
discunsed, It was decided to adjourn
the (nesting until Sunday next as stated above. The Dance Committee, how*
ever, meets In tbe K. P. Hall at 7
p.m. Thursday evening to roport.
Fnt-r Arkansas Surrender on Consr-r-
acy Charge—No Outbreaks Since
FORT SMITH, Ark., Nov. :i--'l
sincerely hope Secretary Garrison's ae
tions will not make of Arkansas fin-
other Colorado."
This was the statement, of S. A.
Cunningham, president of District 11,
United Mine Workers of America, with
jurisdiction over the miners in the
Hartford. Valley strike zone, when told
by the Associated Press at McAlester,
Okla., of the decision of the secretary
of war to send federal troops to .Arkansas.
Alleged Conspirators Surrender
No outbreaks have occurred in Uie
strike district since Saturday night.
Four miners charged with conspiracy
against tiie government, who surrendered today, .were taken before
Federal Commissioner* Dunblazzer and
their bonds fixed. Charles Robertson
was released on $1000 bond, Sandy
Robertson, John Monity and Clint
Burris failed to make $2000 bond and
were committed to jail.
President Cunningham expressed the
belief that "the action of the government was no doubt prompted by some
parties taking a prisoner from a federal deputy marshal rather than anything the members of the union had
bebn doing."
Call Troops Only Solution
Federal Judge Youmans and United
us how the mine guards tried to piav
the Millie game as the Colorado outfit; :bcy have not told ub that the
sinners called their bluff, and b-.vt
the guards at their own guuu-. U is
all interesting reading, and the 'ie-
fence by the Arkansas miners af their
homes and families was so short and
•foipted that the guards never yiwf
back fer a second edition. They "took
the bull by the horns," so to speak, a:id
when the mine guards planned to a*-
tack thein, they pulled one Over by :k-
iackin'g* the guards. Talking and ;>er-
suading, resolutions condemnatory or
other wise are very poor argumonti
a-sainst-high-power lifles and machine
guns. So far the press gives u» no
record of the Germans trying stu-h methods, while'we have not heard of the
Allies being guilty." of'such .imbecility.
Still the worker seems content with
it, and as a result while he is "resolving" the operator is loading, and when
he starts kicking, well tiie operator
just starts firing! And so Uie merry,
game goes on. When the workers
get a little too strong for tiie operator, he just calls on the government—
"he cannot cope with the situation!")
The Supreme Court Fail Assizes
closed here shortly after S p.m. on Friday 'When/ the jury in tiie case of Rex
vs. Wiley, arson charge, returned n
verdict of "not guilty." and the accused were discharged.     This cast, arose
St^te^^LshallJ^^e^.MiLuffiiilitL^ °_f ;!_ flre '" lhe restricted district,
they had not been officially notified i nraTThe <dty on 0ctobor 22nd, .when
by Washington officials that the fed.!11"* I'™""1**--* ""'"t"1 !'»<l occupied by
eral troops had 'been ordered to Fort I acc"8Cd Wlis u>tal,J" d"stroyed.   While
Smith.     That the sending of federal ill waB admitted hy the accused., who
troops Is the only solution of enforcing
tho orders of Judge Youmans was t'.ie
cplnlon niieriteil by both officials.
with another Initiate of hpr house was
chanted vvlUi the offence, that Uiis
fire had been of imaidlary origin, the
H. li. Hull, special agent of the ,i{..| ^i.ionce ndduceu .lid  n-jt  M*U*f>   the
partmentof Justice, who baa been here I J,,p>''  tto#l  lbe  «W"S«<1   «»«»»   w«r*
The weekly dance will be held ln tbe
Socialist Hall on November 7th.
Tbere wiil also be a •!>«•)«» business i ltg mlM otl an opM| ,hoi, ^^
several weeks making an investigation, said that following the battle and
running off of special deputies and
employes at Prairie Creek Mines last
Thursday nnd the forcible taking of
prisoners from Deputy Marshall T. N.
Ulack, Saturday night, he had recommended to the department of justlco
the sending of federal troops.
Sheriff Goes to 8erve Warrants
Deputy Marsha! Ulack, who went to
Hartford today to try to serve st-ven
more warrants charging conspiracy,
hnd not been heard from tonight.
Ulack was warned by the crowd oi
masked inch who look prisoners from
him Saturday night to stay out of the
What the attitude of the miner* of
tite district  wilt he toward  the federal troop* Ss problematical,
Says Deputies Oan Not Cope
United States Marshal Parker said
he has done all in hix power to keep
tho mines running but tliat his small
force of deputies "can not cope with
a body of men numbering 20OO to sow
armed with hhrh-power rifles."
Trouble In the Hartford valley be-
Mil last April when the Hat-be-lH<n-
man cormwiny enetpuvoned ro oiwrntu
the perpetrators of the crime.
Joe Gall, who had earlier in the an-
sizes been found guilty of arson, having sit fire to bis dwelling in Natal
ivbeti there was a fire raging on the
opposite side of the street, was sentenced to five years, and Dominick
Nicholas, a Kootenay Indian-,' found
guilty of manslaughter, bavin*? struck
down his aged father-in-law In u fit
of patssiloii, said blow resulting In
the aged man's death Home hours after, was sentenced to six" years In tho
penitentiary. Nicholas is a very in-
tel(lRent Indian, and it wm entirely
due to h!s previous nood ealiracter
and on account of hi* been held In high
exteein by the white population of tho
community -vherc ho had resided, that
the light sen.e.ice waa glvcu. him.
Mr. Justice Macdonald loft on Krl-
('-•iy -morning for Nelson lo prenlde at
(hat i)ila<e. The Fall agnizes at Cranbrook, which wus to have taken placo
ftiwieiliatet.v upon tlie close of the
Fernie A«*izct, was cancelled owing
to the canes which were to have beeu
taken up there, all of which were civil
wills being settled out of court.
ail getting on fine, and in good health. < and It ia an Instance of tho bane In
Mr. DpfclU alao MM tho audtonee {tira fro» tkt drill ball to tbo to*
t»« bahadthMday rtcirivcia letur.pot. fa apite et tbe laolewaat waaUi-
ttoik «n ttM cawpnMnar, Wm. Price. n R gmn% vme^ turned out to cheer
t   , ,\     V .     nmmr..f.    -Mom,     .rt    *1* 9     itttrilt*   '   -. ,    .
that tm tmt m tb* inwanorta was
more thaa ••Ifielaal and of the beat
mui** teem wn et to* hill of fart
.-eblelK*  aad   tet  ewwa-and lb*
Dou-bUeea you bave read, of   our
movementa alnce lwrtaf Valcartier,
W« landed at Devonport m tht 14th,
and entrained for tha Plata, arriving
there, after a march of about ten miles,
tarty on tht morning of the ISth. Wt
bavt how turttd training fa tamtat,
but do not know obm vo aball go to
Um> continent. Tbty tell oa nothing.
I aunpese onr ton wil come wi*n
wa art fit, and aa thtrt ara a great
number who have never had military
training It-fort, it will bt aont tint
v,« nmmmmt tmtwtitg, taw tonuminmt*mtttm #« go.      %
1 u nil vi nul aw iJit' Jfti't1 ifAijAi, iM-i     A Aiitokv vl -i-w Fn-tiaU *utiti> .«■*»»
the Pernie Coal Creek Dead piaytd
U. XI. Lyons
■Aet. Morria
Crpi. (Iregory
Cepl. Robinson
Pte. Jorok*
Pte, Barailne
We. Adame
Pt«. Tothutpt
1.1. T. U .ArmMrong
igt. Kelly
Crpl. Bailey
Pte. Crulekabanks
Pte. Miller
Pt*. OWeodlty
Ftt. Mitchell
gratitude of aome people, who will
not only take all they can get, but
even rob those who ara -poorer than
meeting on Sunday night at H p.m.
Tbt fantral of the late J. Simpson
**» held on Bantny afternoon, tbt
local lodge of the Knights of Pythian
conducting tbt funeral arrangement*.
Tbe body was taken to the Knoi
Church (rom the undertaker'* par-
lorn, at ntrout tl p.m., practical!)' n,H tht
brother* of tbt K.P.s fa town follow*
Lt-Col. Mackay, we are given to underhand, will thia week lake a trip to
Victoria to try and persuade th*- authorities to start building tbe armory
and thus provide much needed employment for the men out of employment
In this district. Tht Colonel i» u->d.r-
taking this trip at hia own csper.se
and It la but another indication of the
ainceri'y and whoto-beartednesi *-«h
that time a crowd of mlnem an I *ym
patlilztr* inar-'hed to tho eonunv's
n.-.t." c»u Pr*tr!«« ('reck, astaulted i.«
guarda, drove oft non-union employes
«<;>,: pulled th* f te* frotr benesth tbt
bi tn.
Pour Cavalry Troops Ready
CHICAGO. Nov. 3.- Pour troops <»f
the  Fifth  Vnitt'd 8Uittm eavulry -l
Port Sheridan. A, II. t\ and II  were
Did you ever attend a banquet-wh*en>
then* wer»> yo -many t?ood filnif- pro
vlded that you scarcely knew which of
the viands to attack! If no, then you
will appre<-late the splendid bill of
fare thut the l«ls m.uiatettient haa
■pr<»innd fur Its patrons On Priday
Hhat'it tomorrowI the «tb. Seritt N'o.
12 of tbat brain imii/IIuk mory ot Mi*
liile Love preseUtN Mine unexpected
Incident*     Then on Saturday pletor-
packed snd rmdy touiahi to U-Mvei«.« of mtunl mot *ta*ed) war event*
early to morrow for Port Smith. Ark,jp«*a In review, but tbt "pltce dt rt-
to maintain order In the Hartford J *i*tane*»" for Saturdays matinee and
tailey coal «tm» district,    Major Na-j evening presentation is    The OuMI-
wbleh he has tackled both the q<i< «.♦!»♦ *i j thnnM P. MH'lure, who tin* been with j ette,"   Iferat   translation- "tbt   "tite
of wcrultlng and relieving the duirms
in this district.   t,t.-Col, ,1o*. \Utl..ty
i* a military mnn, and we often tind
his principle mid ours clashing, imt
the troops in the Colorado mine »trike forget bo*." Thn* red* unfold scene*
district, will be in command of the j of the da)* of that somen hat lie«**bon>
tune,    ttmrelnt. of \V*r liarrison or-jn-eted Ijuui* XI, with sucb a marvel-
.!or*d the movement,    HpolteNn-imn Hv-! lotta verUlaalHtudt that on*
so far aa courteay and eonaldfra,ion!*'**'•
i moat to stick ulna into blmaelf to rent.
in*, tttm-tv* ut-xttivtia w ttxe-vt iw«g«i*. j ior tae worker i* cowtrned. b« n*»s    »»»■»*<• «** *or**r* ****** to   reditu tbat ihe chronometer bas not «Hi»
fYrili J,U,v*» 1AI 'Am-- v,-j,\-i
mmber Mid bt wm alraoit totty he, r^uvtt aad b«MroUat organlsaUooa
eonit sot gtt tbttt to enjoy aome-(hi tbt town. Tbo TtttraM, fraierwal
thing Ukt fate htaaaalf. ItocfaUtt aN boy teottt alt wwit if
Jt sent %y ttt. tlmbem followed.   J Mr^n th* rrnwt
Wr. to, mtom, Qttemt Mtntgw of
tbt Ctowi Nest Cool Coiptay, bttt on
•«eb ootMitM Itm ttete w. R wn-
ooo, teety tAtA • wttlmmm. me n
fm**! tm tbt bor*. was lb* Mit
nmnbnr. After stating that bt wat
thoroughly lit sword vttb tbt prt-
vlotia tp«ilr«4f, AWem tb m nim*
dotal mood on such oecaalota, W. R.
to  ibe  CtMdiaa Dmgoooa,  diebtc
•ttt any of thtm tiaet lamfaf Cam-
•da. Kindly gitt war itfsrdi to Umt
tii*.****** .ta* -mmn I.****'* Cini/mtt. ***** ma* umm i'ntetm. ammtmn..-»'-■«***»-».*■ wv—»«.u
A and ll of fat I   TtooHm tbli wW ffad tm fa tbt -
bett of btaitb, witb bind regard* from |   M.-Col   Mackay witbtt to «onrty
an tbo Pemi* boya aad aiyMlf, Ms afactrt thank, to SIobbI Fernm
Toon obtdlently, . t buyer Imperii! Order Daogtittrt of
•Mid of
lOTtb RtgfaMBti, wbllt tbt vofattotto
wtrt MNtetd to bo pgobfaf mrm-
tntkt mm wttb tme trnm frttods,
*loa and pUyiAl the dead tturcti very
temt*uAt*ty. ta tplt* of th* wentber,,
thtrt waa a good attendance both at
the church and the gwvealde,    Rev.
,»m *m*m*j**.
m**)* w«tjtt iv*uw ■* *tm a-ruu-a^u, *■*".<'.    •»•—    .«t***i'*tiiw,'*fc    *■«*«  uiM *tp*o  i>*-va *.** muuui m.u bour<«laa«
in tvery r»at**:.     ^"* appwwijie uuj p-**P *j«'«* ^^ k*rrti ot xke till* and!dny*.     ViMou i» * «»> *|ttrk, a |«Cb*>
p«MlMflrlie<l *it":':!i*,'«' ' *»<■■*'»♦ tnm, Vit «t.ik# mt* thtt xb*y a?*,> %*th tht- hiUK nmtUsin bla In-
 .,.  -—-—. I are at the right tnd then -we may hear
On'account of *ho*lng the alx reel}!*" ahout "sending troops'* to main-
stlncts. and withal a strain of fcuimnla-
tic ithDOMiuby that «B*k#s hka etoaa*
UJOekmti Maebay, O.-C. ftrtk
Regtaaeiit aoooaiittAfai Ibo tnwpi m
far a* Nekwo. Ptftet* of Um Mkb
coauageat joinod tbo Ptnrt* bom on
tbo arrival ot tbo ptttMger. aod4bfrty
wore ttete entwiiiitd tt Cranbrovb.
inewoii two jititow m*w prtntveo ■nwr-
Wl. H. BR09UBT!<*« i'^lr* *** «*• *** wrt*l'w*
„. _,  inftbt .helmet* and r*tP**bm*ntn jw>
T%o r*«ular moatbly fat of tbe j •<**** b*" *** •• *** i"*"****   ^
f.«dfw<GoRdofChrtoCltuixIiwmtc,r'»'""' "^^ nvprmmM *»«»»«""»'•
bm et m mom ot Mte. W, C Utwe.i • '>" ^ *' ***» ■»« ***»+• ot
m ttmomiey, lltb Xott^ar, at I»'- '^ ttr^bnb Uoitn tor the  boui^
9m -mite*; to Mr. W. R. H^*OB for pipes
-«------«--------. | *** tfMvto. Wr*. i«Ae I* Gate* fo*
Mnitlf after om oteloeb fo^ity *!•»»• ••* Hs«»»too: *r. P»*»eit,
monlon «mo* prteffeaf mtmr swr* tkel W'etl V*re1*, tA.m ent tk* pr*mnt et
mn departaMBi a ne ol eem a wile in {* »<au*bk dog. and to ail oth*.* wbo
a downpour of rain, -when tie* No r j Jttndfr contributed »» the comfor of
waa palltd. * :w vol-sr-tttr*.
piettr*, lot Uon oi »fi»H», on rn-
day and Saturday the manager of tbe
Orpheum announces tbat Reel No. 9 of
Our Mttoal rtlrl »*rt*M will be rtwwn
on Monday and Tie**).)}.
a*,*, wwti.     t*w%» mtn t»« mttX u») am M> Howr Moot.   Tht Imagery It *o
S*bday, Nov. *—ll   'in, "The i'n-
svoMsMe Ckrl*<"   * "'< " *>'   "* f*bt*er.
ing rrcMnlM*';    i'x   Znutoiy who>l,
Wednesday,   IM.    Prayer   meetln*
enforce demand*," and the demand*
will be thone of tbe worker* Just at
preaent the reverence of tbe worker
fer tbe law I* so great that he Is
afraid not only to brttk tbe law, but
1* *tnr*t1 in "mnk* tb* t«tr"   ff th*
accurately pourtrayed tbat ono eoald
almost feel confident that the* actor.
Munlock Mac-Quarrt* had been tool-'
projected back to the epoch bo *o
faltbfully refireventi-i.
11V»n«-wt.ij-.     Vov.<roh«»r     H,     m\&
greet emaartpator* of humanity ha i Thursday. November It, yoa can at*
Choir practice.
*"T»# him ef Va-r,',-*" siK^b^r Hit
<4a imt niaaierpiro -.' the OrpLrun
fWtny night, «<! Piturhy matinen
aad tight.
f.t*t htvikt**: "»■* Uf w* *th"ti1*t 'it-iiy**, -Afivv!,. iiraaatk -MWt, Juan
bt- lu n state uf mmttmkto. It in ju->! * ibirrynwom in » four r*#l . raamntlo
a (fit-rattan of tiow lont will tb* work-1 eowiedy. "\n Aatertcaa Cltiten "
Tbanday. %.!!>. tilt',*. * ■'*!• VHdny, t.;:> «r* r**»n*id#r tb««n**lv-e« unfit to *nik#
:Ui* ;.-.*>, |n»t »„ '.o;.* a* tb«j f*-*;" >t.
tmn-t't th***, wAphi b* aa«w*re1* w*
n*"i' tb* »bnt<» r*port, bttt, •* »*•*-
r<ad*r can r*adt>y gw*-**. there nt- ■
few faeti that the rapltaiut prei|» lit*
'»,ied to OMnUoa    TJ»*-y bsve aoi i-1
Tne i»Mie h*« found lhe 'Million
Tkf.iV: Mytttn" mi ttt litmnu later*
...    .t-rttu    ..-jrffemont.       T t.**   laa*
»i/.MMi-f. of ibi« rtaiarbabte atrial ete
vho-x'.'i i*' Htr Orjvhewm t**t_ MonAoy
■«r.d  Tuewtay.
£    *
The Underworld of European
omacy and Scoundrelism
In the following article the 'editor
of the Glasgow Forward discusses the
revelation's made .by Dr. Armgaard
Graves, a German spy, who, in his
book, "The Secrets of the German
Wa'.- Office," gives the world a glimpse of the international scoumdrellsm,
■which, in tiie flame of diplomacy, gambles wl:h the live asnd liberties of
millions of working people.
fiver;one in Scotland will remember the sensation caused by the arrest in lh'? year 1912, at the Central
Station Hotel, Glasgow, of a man,
calle,d Dr. Armgaard Karl Graves,
lie \\:i> K'Atl to be a German spy, and
the wildest rumors were afloat re-
sardine his machinations. At liis trial
at Kdin*burs;h, in .luly. 1912, little of
Importance wns divulged; but the
prisoner in cross-iiut'siioiijiij; Hear
Admiral Adair, the Ordnance Superintendent of Messrs. Ucard-more's, dis-
played a remarkable knowledge ofthe
technicalities of guns and gunnery,
aud from among his papers ithere were
produ-ed.a complete telegraphic code
relating to every vessel in the British
Navy, every British naval base, fortification and 'Strategic point. Thc
.prisoner was liable on conviction to
a period ot* seven years' hard labor;
.but just before sentence was pronounced an aristocratic-looking stranger was bowed impressively up to thej ai:d the madness
bench: a whispered conversation with
the judge, and then the sentence of
eighteen months' imprisonment, but
not with hard labor.
So mtu-li is common knowledge. It
is also common knowledge that Dr.
Graves was surreptitiously released
by the • British Government "and that
Mr. MeKIrihon Wood, the Secretary
Spotland,  on", ibeing badgered
the floor of the house of Commons,
on June 1, 1913, on the subject of
Dr. Graves' .mysterious release, took
shelter behind the royal prerogative,
refused all Information, aud witli the
■assistance of the Speaker of the Iio use
of Commons, got Mr, ■Joseph King,
M. P., the questioner, to hold his
tongue. But (jvili'at the public does not
Know i^w.Jiy Dr.'Craves', was released,
-aor-'Wiio lie. really was, nor same of
"tire remarKaoie tuings he has .neen
telling the . American people. The
public does not know—and if possible, the authorities will keep it from
neat European politicians, who .vere
present at a secret cowolave held* ."'
Sch-langebad, in the year 1911, and
attended by Wlnstone Churchill and
Lord' Haldane, as representing Urlt-
ain; frequently, as evidence of the
truth of his story, Dr. Graves gives the
exact date upon which a certain* incident occurred, aud the hotel in
which che visitors' book -hears tho
names of prominent persons who were
present and taking part in that incident; he Is profuse in his use of names
of living persons with whom lie has
come in contact during 'his secret service activities, If his story were untrue or exaggerated, there are a thousand and one ways in 'Which his inaccuracy tould be .proved; but the aver-
:mc man-and particularly the 'our-
n-ilist and the student of public affairs, who reads this book—will come
at ence to the conclusion that right,
from the firs: chapter, prefaced with
an account of the s/aiiiameiitary discussions over his.release (which, by
tiie way, I have verified from the
newspaper files) down to the rather
technical description of the German
war .machine, with its military' pre-
■para'tionS, its guns and its Zeppelins,
#Dr, Graves has opportunely lifted the
•Md from the horrible underworld of di
ploma-cy, and exposed for all the peoples of the earth to see, the methods
of the superfine
aristocrats playing feverishly and foi'
illusory stakes with the lives and the
liberties of the iv.orlclng class of Eu-
Armgaard Karl Graves is a bogus
name; his real na*me-s*iie withholds;
he tells us -on/ly that lie is of an aristocratic house; we gather,-too, that he
has been a spendthrift and.a gentleman ranker in the waste places of the
earth. During the Beor war he,
while sewing as a doctor with the
Britisli .forces, came across .Major von
Heltzenstein, cap tured from the Boer
Foreign Legion; .became .friendly with
him?, aud was offered a post-in, the
secret service of Germany; finally he
came under the .personal 'notice, of
Lord Kitchener, and''was given^twenty-four hours to clear out. • \
From that time until the.'".date of
"his arr-St in "Glasgow,■■■ undertaking
miss-tons to 'Port Arthur (wihioh place
he left just one week before the Japanese attacked it), Constantinople, the
knowing—that the mail, the-foreign! Balkans, and England; ive also played
spy, known as Dr. Graves/'had given important parts.in -tlie Agadir incident
the completed manuscript of liis work, ,-,< * here * he acted as tlu1 Kaiser's per-
"■The Secrets of the German War Of- sonal agent for tlio prevention of
flee." to his publishers, McBride, Xastj »ar;, and in Innumerable other sub-
.plaisairce' of Sir Edward Grey, iwa.s
working to securfe the complete diplomatic and military isolation of Germany in Europe.
It 'beoamie known somehow .that a
secret conclave between representatives of Russia, France, and Britain
ivas to be held at .Monte Carlo, or at
some iplace on the Riviera, and. Dr.
Graves and the Countess Chechany (a
Hun gar Rin 'Princess) were commanded to discover What was taking place.
The rather sordid intrigue in which
Countess Chechauy involved the Russian delegate, Prince Kassimir Ga-
lltzhi. and how she secured his papers,
does not require relation; what is important is that on the 9th of November, .1910, Prince Galltzln of Russia.
M. Delcasse, of France, and an "unknown" from England, representing
Sir Edward Grey, held a secret -confabulation at the Hotel de Ijondres,
■.Monte Carlo, -that Galltzln's papers
were afterwards stolen, that these papers showed thit Russia, France and
Britain were .arranging an alliance
for the hemming in of Germany, that
the President of France was to .meet
'the Caar in his yacht, the Standard,
off Kronstdt, and that for his laslty
and stupidity in the losing of his papers the Prince GaHtzlu v-as, exiled lo
■a province in Siberia, by an infuriated
Th-c iMioroccan trouble, Franco
vert'tts Germany, threatened to bring
war at any moment, it was imperative for Germany that sho should
knew, and that at once, how deeply
l'.rilai:. was committed to l-Yance. Did
she (Britain) guarantee mil'tiry sup-
per: or only diplomatic support? The
German militarists van^ press, who
wee howling for war, did net dream
thai this question of the extent to
which the entente cordiaie ran, was
pirp^exing seriously the German For-
e:gn Office. The German War Olfire
ha il prepared instructions for the captain of the warship, Panither; he was
to go to AgaidJr, and-that meant war!
It was under these circumstances
that Dr. Graves was summoned secretly before the Kaiser;-* Graves-'was
to carry the war dispatches to the
Pfl,nfll*Hr.   wb'?ic:h  wn'R -lying' «ff  Rrtrco-
& Co., of New York, as early us June
1 of this year, and that this manuscript not only exposes many of the
dirty diplomatic trickeries of recent
years In Kurope, but that it forecasts
tho present 'European, trouble and
gives ii.-- some of th* 'missing links in
our chain of indictments against Sir
Edward Grey and Mr. Winston
Churchill, as large -shareholders itr the
•cause of'the current massacres of the
working folks In Europe.
There is great Internal evidence in
Dr. Graves book of the truth of his
narrative. Its construction is ama-
teur!sh~-long anecdotes break in on
tht* thread of Ills story—und it is obviously not the work of a skilled Jour-
nailer attempting n "fonsntlon"; photograph plates nre given of hia secret
swrv'.ce <Tt- lentlals, signed by Udo von
Wedt'l, the German Emperor's Privy
Councillor and chief confidant, and of
unother document ln von Wedol'i
iinridwrl'lng, giving a  lint of pro.nl-
tomuiean Intrigue*.
At tlio present time we are, naturally not-go greatly Interested in. the sior-
i les about the knavish Russian food
ant!' munition contractors who supplied Port Arthur with weevils instead of flour, and empty cases of a'n-
niuiiitiou Instead of full ones, nor
nbout the Russian fool officers with
their wine nnd their hnretns, nor
about, the hordM of Japanese si)l3S,
ivho ui'der -pretense of bcln*g voolle
laborers, worked nt the *Pont ■ Arthur
fort Mention* un'.ll they knew e*-ety-
th'iik tlmt wns to be known, nor about
how French influence was undermined
h' Constantinople. Of more Immediate moment It Is for us to, learn all
t'.i.it Dr. Cru'vos cuu tell us of Iho in-
tcrnatlowil manipulations which have
rcsult-nd in the present war,
It neeiTis to have been in the yew
HMO that the German Secret Service
first discovered that Rumsia and
Frjiuct', with   tho   'benevolent   coin-
wanted to learm. He now knew that
Britain wastpiedged to go to war in support of France, .should France Decame
involved in -war .with Germany.   -
Now, my friends,-tuere is no question of the invasion of Belgium, here.
How do those of you who are swallowing all this talk about .independence of small nations and "national
honor" and" otiher .similar pretexts for
our enitry into this war—how do you
square the Agadir incident -with Sir
Edward Grey's repeated declarations
that .Britain had no secret committal
understanding or treaty with franc*
against Germany?
'The  German   diplomats 'began  to
feel the clutah. on their throats.    But
the German Foreign Office made one
desperate attempt to split the com-
.binaitlou against it—an   attempt    to
split .Britain away from the .Franco-
Russian alliance, and to form a close
federation between -Britain, Germany
and Austria.   So far advanced and so
successful did  this attempt  become,
that on October  12,  1911,  Mr.  Winston Churchill and Lord Haldane, representing Brltajn; Herr von Klnder-
l&n Waeoliter, General Heeringen, and
Admiral   Tiinpitz,   representing   Germany, anil Von Auffeivberg, the Austrian Minister-of War, met secretly at
Ehrenkrug, one of the German  Emperor's shooting lodges in the Schlan-
geii'bad (Ulack Forest). Graves superintended the arrangements   at   bliat
meeting, nnd  n niton g   the  documents
he was ordered  to burn    after    the
meeting  were   doouments containing
numerous statisU-es   on   Holland and
Belgium, nnd he says lie still .possesses plans tentatively agreed upon at
this conference for a freezing -out and
isolation of France, the Incorporation
of Belgium and Holland in the German Federation (thus giving Germany
a  great .port  like  Antwerp),   British
control of French North African and
Dutch  East Indian  possessions, and
Austrian outlets in the Mediterranean.
So 'far ns Br. Graves   knows,   this
agreement was  never officially  concluded' by Uie heads of the governments represented at the conference;
but unless Dr   Graves Is an   heroic
and stupid'liar '(arid,-, as, I haw  al
ready said, tbpre i.s intrinsic evidence
of-tlie reliability of his statements),
this conference at the Schl-angenhad
was held, this Thieves'   Kitchen  de;
iiberately sat down to plan a recasting of the map 'of Europe without considering inany way tlie wishes of the
people concerned, and without caring
a 'twopenny curse for Belgium or any
other agreement.    And Churchill and
Haldane should   be   invited' in   the
This illustrates but one of the many uses to
which Zam-Buk, the great herbal balm, is daily put.
Accidents will happen, especially where there are
children. Mothers should never be without Zam-Bulc Zam-Buk
is the best "First Aid." Its strong antiseptic properties kilt all
germs, preventing blood-poisoning and inflammation. Its rich,
herbal essences quickly ease pain and build up new healthy
tissue. Zam-Buk is entirely different from all. other ointments.
It is purely herbal and contains no poisonous coloring matter.
Take no substitute.   See the name on every box before paying.
Mrs. J. E. Bierwirth of Carnduff, Sask., writes:   "My little son cut the
end off his finger.   As it was such a severe cut, I was going to take him to a
doctor, but in the meantime to ease the pain, I applied some Zam-Buk.
This stopped the bleeding and gave him such relief that.'
he ceased crying and seemed quite at ease.    I therefore   " Zam-Buk sotf by all
decided toseeif Zam-Buk would heal the wound. Next   ^JJU co..STo"oit"
dayl replaced thedressing, and continued to do so each   50e box.
day, using nothing but Zam-Buk,   Complete cure
resulted."   >
Send tbla coupon:
name of paper and lc
ttamp (or free trial
box. Addreta Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto.
tona in Spain; but the Kaiser gave
lilm also certain verbal "instructions,
which were to override the >vrltten instructions for war. The verbal mess-age to the captain of .'the'* Panther
(which the captain had to repeat back
to Count von Wedel in Berlin before
he sailed) was:
"On no account, it does not matter
what official commands you have received or may receive, are you to use
•Oi|ien force when the Vanther goes to
Agadir, Xo matter what" stress Is,
brought to bear'upon you by existing I,,e!fro a,,il Hoinnania-under Russian
conditions, no matter   what   affront j ^vniwim. and to use this federation
to battle either Turkey or Austria as
Petrograd may direct. In similar
fashion llussla has already shown her
dfslre for a united Poland—Austrian
Poland, (lerman Poland, and Russian
HouseTofComanohs and the House of
Lords*.respectively, to state definitely
wh ere they were on October 12, 1911.
lm.niedlivte.ly following on this conference at the Black Forest, t)r.
Graves wis 'sent into the .Balkans to
discover the extent to which Russia
(aided by Wrench money) was proceeding with Its scheme for a federation of the Balkan States, The game
of the statesmen at Petrograd, of
course, Is to create a strong Balkan
federation—Servia,    Bulgaria, Monte-
may he done your code of naval honor,
you are. under no circumstances, to
use force against France or Kngland."
Kvery one knows what happened.
The Panther went to Agadir for a
deicoiitstrutlon--forced her way into
the harhor on July 7. A French and
a British .warship arrived and sent
the Panther an ultimatum. Instead
of replying by shot and shell, the Panther steamed quietly away. Th© European «ltuntion .was caved; «peace wns
preserved, hut until the book of Dr,
ttrnve* got Into Germany no one there,
except the Kaiser. Count von Wedel,
ami the captain of the Panther will
know how and why Ihe Panther left
Aga 'Jr. liut the Kaiser's puriiose was
ichleved.     He had learned what he
What Kind Do
You Use?
Cream of Tartar, the chief ingredient of Dr, Price's
Cream Baking Powder is a product of ripe grapes. It
te pure and healthful beyond question.
Alum is the chief ingredient of many of the sub*
stitutes offered in place of Dr. Price's Cream Baking
Pmvder. Alum is a mineral add. declared by physicians and chemists to have an Injurious effect when
used In the preparation of food.
Nn IwMtfjwwdra contnMng alum are permitted
to bc sold in England, France or Germany. To avoid
alum and be sure of wholesome, home-baked food,
read the label carefully and use only
hi.ni his freedom as « reward for certain anti-German Information, and this
Secret .Service agent'proved to Graves
'that the German Government had deliberately betrayed hhn to Britain.
A ipretly picture of all-round scoundrelism, isn't .it? A gang of cold-blooded and conscienceless adventurers*, gambling .with the lives and th€>
liberties and the happiness of millions
of working people! A costly gambling
too, paid for in treasure wrung from
the sweat of the victims; and all over
it the traill of chicanery and lies and
knaveries and worse!*
Secret diplomacy must g;o. From
every country In 13uroi>e these non-
elected scions of aristocrat houses,
iwho call themrselves diplomats, must
•be chased out,to honest work, I, for
one, to begin with, 'hereby declare
that I know of no mark on tne 'bodies
cf Sir Edward Grey, Winston Church,-
ill, Gosehen, Ue Bunsen, or any of
their understudies and' -satellites,
which entitles them to gamble with
the liberties and lives of me or mine.
Secret diplomacy .must go!
*Dr. Graves declares that attempts
upon hts life have been discontinued
since ihe has caused it to be known in
responsible quarters that his death or
disappearance .-will secure immediate
arid already arranged. for publication
of certain documents of highly disagreeable Importance to some people
unnamed.       '^
cf the 'accused statesmen, their me-
iibod'S, or their rulers, It would 'be Interesting to know hy what process of
reasoning the Kditor of the Glasgow
Forward arrives at the conclusion that
a man like the adventurous Dr Graves,
after leading a life of Intrigue and lies,
suddenly becomes tho virtuoiiB discloser of the iniquities of secret diplomacy? Let the reader swallow a certain portion of Or. Graves, while the
book Itself'should prove good fictional
raiding, but let him sto,p at a certain
portion, No man who has lived the
life that Graves has lived could possibly be expected to give-an unbiased
awoiint of his work, for the simple
reason that a little "coloring" is necessary to secure a ready sale. In
our mind we have not fhe slightest
doubt that Dr, Graves worked for the
diplomats of Germany, nnd proved untrustworthy; so 'he was dismissed—
how, we do not know. He was also
rmployi'il by Hiitaln, but again, he
was net to be minted nt his own
g.iuie; and at latt wc have him in this
country, « country whore sensational-
liun of the kind he provides finds a
ready sale, .lie Is now In the role ot
a jounvaHst~-he who wna tha confidant of Mings and Mwpeiws! And
there ts not the allmhtMit doubt that
a great number or iwople will read
Ills book and devour It with tho avidity thut a schoolboy does "Robinson
Crusoe" or "Tho «wlis Family Robinson." iBut Dr. draws' method and
style are old-fashioned anil crude.
Tlu. .uacUiisturj nt iitiimm iia* -Utmu
written ho often, anil "diplomatic dis-
closur**" become so common that
only the hysterical will take *h-c«»d of
this latent attempt to show us the
crlls of secret diplomacy. Wo kno*
rhem; we know that one nation has
little more defence than *be other:
but me do net wish io havo our Intwl-
llaence Insulted hy suoh "dope" a* Che
■JUdoKim-* of Dr, *Or«v«». At «oui«
rntim* tin** we may iret a hhrtoiy. of
the diplomatic relations that led np to
thl* war. but no om will be ao unbiased ar to think, after having read
the opinion* or such chwnplana of
mllltatltm :u von Hcrnbirdl and the
Imperial Bank of Canada
Read office, Toronto
s Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000       Reserve Fund .., .$7,000,000
O. R. WILK-E, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-I»res.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
/ Revelstoke, Vanceuver and Victor!v
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
Poland, nil  one  united  aland,    but
under   Himshin   suzerainty,     Graves
discovered 'What he set out to discover
--■precisely by what menus docs not
matter  here -~ but   Incidentally   he
throws an interesting light upon the
recent Uulkaii federation versus Turkey war,    The federation, back-cd by
Huitfciuu .money, guns and diplomacy
set out to smash Turkey, only one af
th(< Uallian states   being   held   back
from tho federation by (lerman   Influence.   Turkey was well licked, and
Just when It seemed us If each of the
victortoim States would secure a large
j (dice of Turkey by way of apoil*. Io
! and behold! the vletons started to fly
ot one another's throats, aad the
; fcpoll, Turkey .e*ca.ped, Thia .preuy
i nianoeuviT wns Germany's doing,
I 'Hut Itmslan influence still prevailed
, at Belgrade iSf-tvlai. and Belirade
t bet unie the center and hot-bed ol a
; long strinft of antl-Austrlan plot*. One
| or these plots, doubtlets backed by
! M. Il-artum, the Russian agent at llel-
' pm,*, cmled In the assassination of
I the heir lu the Austrian throne, and
•o (tie prwnt (uhmerglnit of Kuroi>-
! mm eflvllliiition.
:    lmnii"lhi«I)  after  his  mission  to
: tin   I'jIIuiiih, Dr. Graves was seul lo
Kiitfl.ui;! iu hunt up statiatlca about
* the Ilrltlnh navy.    He seem* to have
i-n.-urtnl lu hiti uiuxtfo attmtx timith,
< tin 1'i.ttli ItridK*. aiid tke imtaufac-
! lures of Meatm   i!«irdnior*. ere h*| ^ ch,,,^,. injsm^MhiM (Jar-
was arresled hy ih*> llrltfuh Oovern-'
' Hunt, und It Is puibit-Uly due to UU
: cm forfeit detach mont froui th«» »ci*a*
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
The Recruit
An After-DlnnCr Chat
"Kvery able-bodied man who Is unmarried will be dismissed. He must
enilBt, lt is his duly. Vhity before
everyithlnj-r, my men," said tho employer poiwyouBly. "Your country needs
you. If you don't enlist you needn't
apply hore fur a job itgnlti,'
There were cheers from ono section,
the othcr.s cxtiiiinKeil dlsnKi>c.l *g,biu-
\ of Herman diplomatic dodterleo, thai
man)  bus nut ouly «anted war. hut
consider It necessary for their national
e-aUtetw*'.   TlMtre l» \m aerie* dlgito-
maey in von tternbmi. b* arrttm aa
Having thus given his mandate, the
employer strutted off with oil the con-
sequence of one who knows ho has
uttered a lofty and noble sentiment.
On arriving home lie plodded through
a sumptuous dinner and finally betook blni-telf to his weM-appolnted
sanctum, whore, with a bottle of port
conveniently to hand and a fragrant
eigar between hia lips, he aat and mused.
"Terrible ihlnR, war," he reflected.
"The honor of the nation at stake.
We iuu*Mi-»vt! uifii,"
To -Mm trnme a friend,
"Pine thins you've done, sir," he
said, «*propOH of the employer's mandate to his wen.
"Noble:  Patriotic!"
•Thank flod, I know my duty hi nn
(englishman," wild the employer com-
"How did the men take Itf
"I neither know nor car»*. Tlii* is
not ohis time to coiwlder private feel-
"Very food, tlr, very good. We could
do wiih more of your •ort."
"Ah, you flatter me, my friend. I
only do my best."
"The eountry l» lyoud of you. Vour
sacrifice i» so great."
'Tray don't mention it. I alwaya
put eelf laat,'"
•M-Mttt-nr tf»i» Urm-r attll b* H-h* w*t»r-!
to their Kin* und country."
"They tippreclnte It, I'm sure. Sono
of thetm have dependants, of course?"
"My dismissal only applies to unmarried men."
"You havo no baAielora keeping mothers and sisters?"
"One ennnot think or that. Ite-
member, sir, this is a national emergency, llesldes, there Is tho Relief
"Yes, yes, of course. I was forget,
ting that. They won't suffpr nt ■all.
They'll be well looked nfter, l suppose."
"Undoubtedly. Although .befrcrart
can't be choosers."
"By the way, I honr thero is to he
im conscription."
"So I understand. Horrible -thing,
conscription; In a free country it
would not be ^tolerated for** one moment, *lr."
"No, not for an Instant:"
"The man who'd suaaest it .would he
n vile despot."
"One volunteer Is worth half-a-dozen
I've ul*ay* thought thnt." said the
friend mJltlly,
v,To Itistliuie conscription would he
n tro*» violation of the rights of man."
"Thnt is putting It too mildly altogether." laid Ihe friend. "Take tlie
tt\*e of yonr own men.    Snpposr--"
"Not my men now," aald the oni'
ployer, breaking in; "my tbe King's
imi.. aiid hi* tiiesi linn**.! prondi)
n* he saUl It,
"t'erilon me.    1 should have Mid
ihal.'of loiirae.    Supposing these late
enij»l»)«e* of yours had been fom-td to
Join tlut color*."
",\b. mv trt**e. tbni la * *rofill*i»»e«eir
«   m ««««.« «« mmmmi -»;• M<ri»|M(r tto# torwao,! snUwrtJles of tlw(tn« of aome of *bwr men," rentnredI ha»rthl» lo eontenwlato.     I    would
■,V    .'.'I   ,'i,;;*-4-J..-I   ,1 tij    ilt.i,*,J,   iU,l« i'*'J
uul at Uie IUmX t'owni agre-eai-ittti,
and went orer sikiiIa tn tk* Wmntroi-
llmfian slllanee, or the Triple Rn-
tentc. ns ll Is raited.    Rome day, per-
iisruwit) krnmte, ami he wrti«i,what) x**+ fr»e*ndlr dry if.
has btmn drilled Into the head of every
lUiWtkt,  tmm  dt- ftadk  up- ihat
war is accessary to tlieir etlileoce!
Jual «o Umi* n* \m h*re a tiettem beM-
Made from Cream ol Tartar
No Alum
jr >: :-a^>;5C?^|^t^*'-^ft^
, +***.  ** mm. *».  i^ ttmmm. mmn. tng thew views, fittt RO long mtl yot
j with It n* will get the reason tor J ^^ „„, Mni mrtt0 „, f^ waoAttil.
j Brtllsh i-„"lct,w<lm. in this wef.      j i,,,,,,^   mni   momvy   by   iH
tlravei spparently was sent to Brit-  meant, but first of sll destroy the de
ain Uium be knew too Jiiuch, and!tires of autorraey ami milliaHsm.t
he we* deliberately given nrnny to the
tiviiuh -*r.)«*jimiueivt 'ly hii! tua,«4«r« fvt
| ttetUiK *bo evidently hoped tfcst be\ mmm^S^m_fmm'\u, I
,  .lu..!,!   »ll lU.".Ci,   ,1.1.    Ui-.i»lU*UUKUU      ||JUJ.». i._ C«*.M   M*M MID tMI>. k MM
nmt mi bt tmt ot harm
I tb* dlp}<Hi)»?ie filnsHott
Itttbrr itntmrt.     tmt   tho rtimmn | |gj^ffigi ^
jx-rfret geitlcr reettnwed wttbowt tho?
j iltAnttmU mt  Brliala    QrnT-m  wat'   ^___
., *■ ut. U.;*.^   til    XllLki.    W    tWtWU,{HiI{
| ninths" l-mprtswumeiit-, bm aftor twoi .£n cmm» r*» h i*b» _
i i\,.i-\t'. Ui Cnttots Jail - Kiltnbnnrh   he  *<*«tt* *K'J'"'■'""•«» ***, tt,**nm~**iif*t** «x lie
j ni i it.-   lli   ininjii   .i,in,    r.ini>*.>ur*H,   ut.    ^^   JWid fnr |. *.«n.^,j»|«l ((«.
tr.mlm*A to Hartlwaie Prison,,     _».„.«,,. J '■ rmsm o ttk.momti
i    MB Or m tUuta-M., -x*.
um awr* r»»« etmtm
•i'ertiHnly, they lack discipline. I've
lwr*n letting tbem ia economise lu
time bard limes, but thty take nq
■nrtt'tr *• *»
"What? you surprise toe, and yod
setting auch a shining eiample?"
"Yes. I've dismlsicl m> footman."
"Fins!   Pine!'
"And I only have one wine tortti
at dinner." *
•It's trot
tuttr ton-*   n   man.     I eweooragod
mine, sir: encoureged thtm."
indeed.    liy lite way, have )jou got
H tteUmnryf bandy?  I Jost want to
took rirt tbe *m*n*rtler -ttt 'enfnnrtwe""
—John Bull ? *, r • *v
fc '■ #      *
just so long ss the nations twill In-
sul on bslldlag armories next to their
•cbaeit, mnsenms and churdies, J..st
Un long mwat thoy io content with
lseeint, ther school*,   museums   and
t believe tn ths British (churches dmtmywd by other itatimts
mm .. mm* m* mt VSi^mmSm
tm pm mi it timwkM', A. U,Jfk.,	
J * IS
l<i!i>ff(!W, md vi-Mt-wl
by   a   ltrit!*hi
titlierr* oimio tut      * t sskiog yourj mrko bulM «p<m ths saws plan,
men to do what you eaanot do your-j    Poverty Is no disgrseo, b«t to submit
*t*t'~ 1 to K wMhosJ iookliii into tks *by mi
"You're cooflolng yours^f io bsrsj wberefora is so ^ndtewtlon of momnt
necesslUes, ot courser
"Pnctte^ly. prsetieally.'*  ssM  ths
jf eenploywr, reflWtnf his f*ws.
Terr •tmtltaMe of yon.**
"Tm otAy afforitaf tbe tmm sa op-
ywrtwlty of showing thtlr toytity
SbffMCim I
mmevr eteme teeetm, ovme eemt,        m_-
■UMfMgTMtoar em team, m ene/pi        ¥
.. wammm COUMl.
tonm. mem/i*
,*> •• ~rr
tmm. ..   -
I- '
if    »'
,\  «
A   \
If you were told of a new
discovery for the treatment of
coughs, colds and bronchitis,
as certain in its action on all
chest troubles as anti-toxin is
on diphtheria, or vaccination on
small-pox, wouldn't you.feel
like giving it a trial ? Especially
if you could try it for fifty cents!
Peps is the discovery!
Peps are littls tablets, neatly wrap*
ped in sir and germ-proof silver foi}.
Ihey contain certain medicinal ingredients, which, whten placed upou the
tongue, immediately turn into vapour,
ana ara st onoe breathed down tha sir
passages to the lungi. On their journey,
they soothe the inflamed and irritated
membranes of the bropohial tubes, the
delicate walls of the air passages, and
finally enter and carry relief and healing
to the capillaries and tiny air sacs in the
In a word, while no liquid o?solid
oan gek to the liiugs and air passages,
these Peps fumes get there direot, and
at ones eommenoe their work of healing.
Peps are entirely distinct from the
old fashioned liquid cough cures, which
are mereljr swallowed into the etomaoh,
and never'reach the lungs. Peps treat*
menl of ooughs and colds is direct treat-
If you hare not yet tried Peps, ont
out this article, write across it
the name and date of this paper,
snd mail it (with lo. stamp to
pay return postage) to Peps Co.,
Toronto.   A free trial paoket
will  then   be ' sent   you.
All druggist* and
stores sell Peps at
Monarchists' War And
By Dr. M. Aronwwt
Tttjis in the second of two articles by
Dr. Aronson, in which he discusses
tihe question of war and Socialism.
Dr. Aro-inson was present at the French
National Socialist Congress at which
the -resolution which was. to have
-been (presented to the International
Socialist Congress at Vienna, recom-
■me-nid-in-g a general -strike in case of
war or If •hostilities threatened*, was
discussed. Dr. Aronson afeo visited
Switzerland, Germany, England and
Holland, where he saw the preparations for war and relief after the conflict began.
il   LfUHIiME=
"We Are Ready to Scratch
off you- bill any Item of lumber not
found just as we represented.   There
is uc" hocus pocu,i ...
,*-•   This Lumber Business
When you vanl spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you huy
first-t'Iiiiss lumber we don't slip in s
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those, who
nave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
.■'...'..*.*■      *
— Deslers incumber,   Lath,  Shingles,  Sash  and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detsll Work
Opposite Q. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 88,
Phone 83.
ery Low Fares
In connection with
Daily   Nov. 7th to
Doo. 31 #t I nol.
Limit five mofiths,     Stop-ovsr
snd txtaniltn privileges.
stesmshlp tickets frem all Ticket
Agents, er writs—
R. Dawson
District Psicsngsr Aftnt,
Calgary       •:•       Alberta
During my stay ln Kurope I -attend.;
cd tihe French National Socialist Congress in- Paris; I heard the speeches
of Vail'lan-t, Paoli, Rappaport, Sem-
bat, tlues-de, J. Jaures and others on
fche question of militarism and of the
resolution to be presented, to the International Congress at Vienna recom-
mending a general strike in -case of.
•war or -of u threiat of -vVar. The attendance of the delegates was a large
one, the deliberations were very serious and dignified; great enthusiasm
prevailed. At that time the sky seemed to be clear and every one prepared
himself for the Vienna congress. The
spirit of the meeting was one of international 'brotherhood and even the
most revolutionary members of the
congress .paM particular consideration
ami ..made allowances in favor of those
measures, whioh could be adopted and
carried out by the German 'Social
Democracy. Inflamed by the masterly speech of the great J. Jaures,
the congress unanimously adopted the
modified resolution.
I ihitve witnessed the mobilization ln
Switzerland, the military exercises in
The Hague, the mobilization in London. I have seen the life ot the Germans in Stuttgart, Ilerlin, etc. The
great parade of th'e Swiss array'at Its
departure from Heme showed hoiw
resolutely they were ready to go to
defend t.heir neutrality, but how unhappy they were about it and how
little interest tliey took in war. The
Swiss .people did their utmost to alleviate the sufferings:! of the many
thousands of Italians and other foreigners who came to them from tho
we-re the irfost pitiable ones, with
chelr poor bundles and belongings
waiting for hours and for days at the
railway stations, as no passenger
■trains were running. .Many Swiss
women were standing ^nd dispensing
foodstuffs to them, But still how they
suffered, until they were boxed ln the
overfilled slow trains to bc gradually
transported to their destination in
The fate of the Russian refugees
In Switzerland was not much better.
The good people In Bernb transformed
the largest school of the city 'Into a
boarding-house for the Russians who
came thero pennllpss or unable to
cash the Russian checks.        x A
I-hnvo seen the'suffering   of "the
Swiss peoplo In many cities;   almost
all the men parting oh the streets
from their wives and children to go
to tli© frontier to maintain their neutralist)' and to--protect their Independence, their free land awl Institute ns;
In the smaller places women and children only remained and they did all
the work iu the fields and at home.
In the placeB .which were usually filled
with American and. European tourists,
evcrythlnr looked dead,   tho   hotels
empty, tho guests all gone.   Bwltser-
l»nd host most of tho season of the
tourists and the armed neutrality cost
It about three million francs a day.
Communication   was   greatly   interrupted and very Irregular   all   over
Switzerland. In Bchnffhausen, a beau-
11 .ful place,  full  of  ancient  artistic
tmlMtnr* and mnni.im.ni.ls, the iwvpl-f
were ready nnd preparing, In case of
threatening (Invasion, to eva-custe the
city, to destroy ths bridges and to retire inland behind the waterfalls. Also
In Basel wnd on other frontiers ths
population wss trembling, fesrlnt in*
vaslon snd ths compulsory necessity
of flighting against modern randstiem.
Oommuntratton snd transportation
In Oerniamj', during my short visit,
ths last ton day* of August, wnro imt
Interrupted than In SwitMrttud sad
thsrs was mors life   in   ths hwgsr
eltlss, In Stuttgart ths population was
crowding tho Pamdsplsts and loading ths extras with great enenmmn,
«but ao enthusiasm oould bo not-toed
Street   meetings  ans   prohibited   In
(iernwuiy, especially   undor   martial
law, Out   this   notwithstanding,  tho
"nwrdetspstrtott"     (mordspstriottn J
like artifii-eial -bnavure.
The Socialist women of Berlin were
all engaged ln the relief .work for the
families whx>se breadwinners .had gone
to the war. Such a family, .proven
without resources gets 16 markis ($4)
a mjonitih or meals at the houses of
the rich, Amoing the most prominent
and ha-rdesit workers I slaw were Mrs.
Eduard Be-naetedn, -Mrs. Dr. J. Zadek,
i.Mrs. A. Hoppi; etc.
I have seen .the prisoners of war
brought to Germany, the downtrodden Frenohimen in the trains for
horses, "40 horses" printed on each
car—how .many men were placed inside, I could not count. I have seen
a. wounded, German soldier, coming
to the waiting room, triumphantly
'holding in his unwounded arm his
gun aud on top of it the red oap of
the Frenchman he had killed. I have
seem ithe preparations of the Red
Cross doctors and nurses waiting for
the arrival of tlie train of wounded
or of the iJa'ssing German soldiers^to
give them medical aid and food (coffee, milk and eatables).
In London, life was In full sway,
but the streets wore,filled daily with
long .marching lines of new volunteers of all classes, greatly delaying
traffic and communlcaton facilities, ,
, After these fenv remarks about my
traveling impressions, let me return
to the 'main subject. When I came to
Switzerland, I became aware of the
■pleasant news that the German Social Democratic members of the
Reichstag had voted for the military
budget and made common cause with
the rulers, for war. -The comrades in
Switzerland were as dumbfounded as I
was. "Why did they do lt? How could
they do suoh a thing? we all asked.
Xationrath, Cm., members of the
Swiss Parliament, formerly a working
man, now, since years, the editor of
the very popular   Social'   Democratic
paper Jn X , a vepy able,  energetic
■^nd exceptionally talented man and
an ardent, Marxian scholar, a man
with clear brains, endless goodness
and of high standing in the community, was overcome with grief and consternation. "They destroyed Internationalism .by their action. How will
tliey meet the foreign comrades?"
Uow will they face the  •.vorkiagmen
killed In rhe war, 400 will be Social
Democrats." x*"-    ,
Our muUinl friend and tierman
Comrade, Gch.—a young witty man,
linguist, talented writer, good speaker
—tvho lived with his splendid ("ler-
tran wife for years in Paris, working
together as correspondent for las Social Democratic' press of Germany
(forty to fifty papers)—was not less
horrified. Still more so, coming from
his agitation tour, he was sure that
the German Socialise workiiignieu
were against war and that the .party
In France was against it. "I am at n
loss to understand this tntiisformit-
tion," said he. Another Comrade met
me with the expression, "Marxism iH
bankrupt; back to I.assalle, to nation-
"Any one I met, Swiss, German or
Russian, was full of dissatisfaction
and.lndlBna.tlon. I was told that
German workingmen in Switzerland
and In Alt-ace-Lorralne, who had to
leave to enter military service In Ger-.
many; plainly declared that they
would never have Rone, but as members of the party they had to submit
to the decision and dictum of the
party representatives!
Outside of Germany I hardly met
any Socialist who was not fully disappointed at the action of the German
comrades. I heard the veteran gray
communist, Valllunt, at the French
Socialist Congress in July.repeat again
and again, "La greve generale. la
grove generale (the general strike),
beittt insurrection than war!" And
Jules Guesde shouted: "Jamais, jamais. Jamnls de la -vie fnever, never !n
life), tho Germans will never start n
general strike." J. Jsures, by his
splendid addr-Ms, -carried tho house
snd tho modified resolution was unsni
mously adopted. Hut Jaures is no
mora. If Jsures and Rebel «wers alive,
Ws would not have any reason to complain. These master minds would
hsve unMed, not disunited tibo International And as much ss I wss st
vsrtsnos with ths recommendstions of
VatHani In his speech at tbo congress,
k sesoii to mo now that bo won not
utterly wrong. Tbe mont unsuccessful insure-c^ton or international genera! strike, would not, oould not, cost
so many lives as ono doy on tho -battle-
t\Mn destroys theth now; would not,
omM not, hsvs esussd mow harm
cratic party iwas a great one and did
an immense amount of good for the
workirugmuan, for* Socialism and In-
tern-ationalism. If I, at times, disliked some action of the .party, if it
was not revolutionary (except .in hairsplitting theorems*), if lit was too optimistic, etc., I was reconciled by its
constant propaganda and agitation
against militarism aud for peace and
International solidarity of the workers of the world. I had the unbounded faith that the .party would have
•the 'backbone to keep the balance of
power against war at least in case of
approaching danger. Why did they
not do it? It is a riddle. Was it because they ha.d been hy.pno-iizeid and
intoxicated by tlve povemiment's
"White Paper," telling them that it
was a iwar against Russia, a war of
defense against despotism, of self-
preservation as a natiou? Was it because tiliey .wel'e under martial law
and many feared to be shot? (This
was decidedly denied to me; none of
them were afraid for their lives.)
Was it .because tliey reaJly thought
that the people wanted war and that
they had. to act in accordance with
the will of the people? Was it be
cause it would not make any particle
of differen-ce how they voted, as they
were still the minority of the representatives? ' Was it because tliey
considered themselves grejat statesmen and wanted to outdo Beth-
man-illollweg and the rulers?
Was it because they esteemed their organization so 'high and a .negative vote
or a*bstaining from voting might have
caused -the dissolution of the organization by tOie government? .How did
the Socialists in France, in Paris, wail
for the dictum of the German Social
Democracy! If the older brother, the
mighty ibig brother, will not guarantee
the budget, ithey (the French brethren) would do likewise and still more.
They waited—hut in vain. Haase, the
President, delivered (against .his own
views) the great patriotic speech, full
of hig-h-sounddns .phrases and handed
to Wilhelm and his clique the great
Social Democracy! The members'of
the second Duma In dark Russia went
to Siberia rather than to give In to the
wishes of the Russian government.
At thi3 war, too, the Social Deanocra-
orites) I am told, left the Duma In a
indefatigable fig*htert E. Haeckel?
Htow about the great energetic man,
W. Osowald?. How about the venerable physiologist and psychologist, W.
Wundt? Whom tihe gods wish to
punisih they strike with blindness.
But in spite of this great error ami
its .pathological sequels, I dare say, I
hope-that the International 'movement
of tlie workingmen and in tenia tional-
isn> axe .not. dead. Esi pur mouve!
Radical phrases, boasting logorrhoea
(Instead of characterful actions) and
self-conceited vanity will have to dis
appear and other constellations  and [and the navy of iJie United States. "In
pace   para  bellum."   "In  peace .pre-
con*cepitions*"Wuli 'have to follow. -Who
is such a .bibical orthodox 'Marxian to
claim .that it was the capitalist class
alone, which caused rhis war? .True
enough, the greatest, worst enemy of
International Socialism is capitalism:
imperialism, militarism and wars are
only -the bodyguards of -capitalism, ob-
struating the way to reach this ,main
enemy. (But do not 'belittle the other
elementary forces, aye, the personal
element. These are the despotic and
semi-despotic .monarchies, which are
che hardest fighters and defenders of
and are personally interested in war
and expansion. The old socialistic
dogma, that it is all Lhe same for tiie
workingman to live In a republic or In
l monarchy, has heen proven to be
an absurdity, a self-deceit, a historical
untruth. A republic is much better
than a monarchy. If Germany, Russia and Austria were republics, there
would have been no war today. There
destruction of these monarchies! is the
would ite no modern' militarism; The
destruction of these monarchies is the
first step, the most important step, the
Condition sine qua non toward the elimination of militarism and war and
the abolition of capitalism. As long
as the nixmarchial states exist, and
monarchies often    breed    megaloma
niacs, ohere is no use talking of the
emancipation, of the workingman, no
social revolution, no Co-operative
Com mon wealth.. Any progress made
wiiH in due time be annihilated uy
monarchial world wars and the Sysi-
phus labor will have to start anew!
The prime duty of the American
Socialists is to concentrate their
forces and to counteract by all means
of propaganda, literature anu aDun-
dSkpt iprotescs and to fight vigorously
against the false prophets and. devilish advocates ot increasing the army
pare for war!" said the Romans,
the old Romans were a .military-imperialistic state, and we are living in an
industrial-capitalistic state. A great
standing army and navy for the United States "for protection only," will eo
ipso, with mathematical certainty,
lend to war; there will) always be
found a 'pretext by our capitalists and
enemies—by flourishing monarchies
and La pa trie es-t. en danger!
The Socialist -party .here-r-a -co-n-
glomerale of fourteen nationalities,
where tlm education for friendly nnf-
tii«l relations and International solidarity is a categorical Imperative, is
absolutely indispensable for this
"melting pot"—has to do its utmost
to be represented in the Congress and
Assemblies, to devote more time to
humanitarian minute work and to the
gaining of the multitudes by active
usefulness and enlightenment.' It has
to do away with bureaucratism in local and district, with petty jealousies,
demagogic exaggerations and egomania .and to know that the good ones
are still few in number, a small Intel-
lectuai colony and that the masses are
not yet with us and will never be and
remain with us. if our words will not
be backed by our deeds.—X. Y. Call.
Compulsory Arbitration
body and did not vote for Uie war bud-1 large part of the public, and its voice
The Sacramento Bee editor -weiiis to
.have gone daft over the compulsory
arbitration idea. Editorials urging the
necessity for such legislation are of
very frequent occurrence in that paper
of late, and always the interests of the
"innocent and unoffending public" are
urged as paramount to those of both
the worker and tlie employer. Just
who the people are that constitute tho
public, however, the Bee fails to set
forth In any very definite fashion. It
has been ever thus with the advocates
of tl'ls n'ode of creating masters and
slavis. The shout ahout "the public,
'tiuTTraiTiTOr" CaUorTTF we are~~noF
mistaken, constilutc-i a  very
Talcum Powder
—it tke moit rofrssblay
noi flsasant ef oil tolas
Ws ***** tsg-isssa *****
saw sal ssHspiifsSMn
saw plntnt bltttmett
Ua* ht**>*a *l mam ******
At DmeiAt*, **.***.
get. Our teachers and leaders in enlightened and. highly cultured Germany gave ln at the first sound of the
governmental trumpet and were po
easily deceived, as to drop ihelr first
birthright for a pot of diplomatic lentils,'cooked 'and presented by IleUi-
iiiaiin-Hollwcg and W. Rex! They
swallowed ipolsonous pills because
they were sugar-coated!
Wl'ien Tolstoy, about fifteen years
ago, preached and 'Insisted upon passive resistance against -military, service and. war, it was not considered
radical enough and unnecessary. Xow
upon the device of nctlve help and devotion to the moloch War! Eighteen
members were against (not forty).
Why did tiliey not at least have the
courage to put in a minority protest?
Party discipline, rule of the majority
—to sancttoni wholesale -murder and to
commit political suicide! I musi state
that I have found my dear brother
Eduard Dernsteln Krently depressed,
almost (ienpondent, and highly Indignant at the Invasion of Belgium and
tbe terrible chauvinism agalnat Prance
nnd England and thnt he and flaaso
were of the same opinion on these
points. Whether Bernstein voted for
or against the budget (last year he
voted against), I could not positively
say. I dared not ask him. I feared
Ihe "clearance bill" for Russia anight
have blinded this brave, great and
good man!
Tliw (ieiui)Hii Hot-in I Democrats had
no business to vote unanimously with
the -capitalistic parties for the budget
nnd for war. It was n grave error, it
was a disgrace-, liy this act tbey consented to the most devastating war
and helped to the poisoning by chat-
vlnlstic exaltation snd chauvinistic
madness of the most ohsrlnhed brethren of ihelr own md of other nation* Each nation points to the o<h-
sr one; "It Is you, you are ths ag-
grsssor: we act In self-defend, Mo-
The Oerman Oovemiui'iit nav* tfcn
party a fow bones ss s rowsnt, The
Vorwaorts was allowed to be placed
sod sold at ths railway station in Ilerlin. The .Social Democracy was declared to ho patriotic by the ministers
and by ths subsidised Janitor society
-.**! nil 11wt*m nntatmeltt* n* On<*t*,i
liebknecht postponed; sn editor   of
the Vorsseiss wso permKtsd to set
drsssod tteo masses ■eeanratfttat tmb Ifrtonds: "Why did you not keep silent, j ss wsr correspondent.   (And this men j Tboro sre those
ride end Inside of the hulMlng smJi thej why did you not shut your mouth*} bomaM nttetwnri* of the honor bt*. 11 *r**r* nt ihn
j*«a um none *oa woes given imm» | than too involuntary dislrtociwilon ofjism; sn indictment against Rosa 1
Um ■ki lbw mtiUti',    Un mm oi iimimtikinttm and tirgu&sroood   of    the ebberg wss squsshsd,ooosgstnst K
largest squsrss 4a Berlin, bs/ors o fs» worktoffwn Iim already dono.
restaurant  mm* "palris** wi*\   Wbm I corns to Berlin I asked oil
lias never been raised in favor of compulsory arbitration in labor dispute's.
In fact, labor has always held that
when fompuislon walks in. arbitration
vanishes and Involuntary servitude
dominates. Xor was It orgaaized labor that coined the phrasse, "The public b<* d d."    That was thc .product
of those who desire to be masiers,
and whether they realtee It or not,
every advocate of compulsory arbitration is aiding In the struggle to enslave Uio worker—tb make him subject to the whim and fancy of some
one not vitally concerned ln the conditions under which we must live.
The compulsory arbitration advocates are gulliy of that old, old error
of placing property above humanity.
They assume that the continuous uninterrupted .production of goods and
furnishing of conveniences are matters of more concern lo man than ls
tho Independence of tho worker. They
nr« ho absorbed with material ihlng*
thnt thoy pass lightly over the feollngs
of thoso who would be compelled to labor, to spend their strength and energy
and very Uvea In labor under compulsory conditions, In the estalilisment
of which they would hsve no voice except n groveling, .pleading prayer for
mercy or Justice at the hands of
One of the arguments of the llee is
that "ttrlklng employe* have not Uih
status of men who have asked for anil
obtained a discharge. Their position
Is that of men who aim to resume,
upuu their own terms, the employment
they have temporarily severed to emphasise their demands. Accordingly,
the prohibition of Involuntary servitude does not and Hhould not applv In
such cases."
Just think of It.    Thin paper would
hsve a worker "ask for and obtain n
discharge" In times of disagreement
over wages or working conditions'or!
submit, like a criminal, to Imolttntan j
servitude. ,
INvo all nur w»t*, bl-o-oHw-d nn-A'
sufferinc been for naught? Has the;
toiior struggled through the centuries |
for independence, for a volet' In shap- j
Ing ib* condlMon itnd*»r wM««ti h«» liven,
only to be thrown back Into slavery?
through th# medium of compulsory ar-!
^tt 91*11.1* 1        ***   .,      ,,    I;   t..i ,-'    ■     I '
0*11*4 to autir'k   *vn ♦••tniM-i-rn-rll*-, '%'
snother stslnsf hi*  will.     «i»ch  «
min Is a slsve tolling for o master Just I
ss wss the negro before the Clril Wsr. j
Though all may not be mllk and
honey for "tiie public" when the workers cease to serve .master.- who set
tlicnrselves up as the sole dictators of
wages, hours and working conditions,
the right of every man to quit work
at will must bc maintained at all hazards. This right was only gained
after untold suffering and misery and
the shedding of the life blood of uncounted millions of humble humans,
and will uot be readily surrendered
Cured Both Stomach Trouble
and Headaches
Pamierston, Ont., Junk aoth. 1913.
"I really believe that I owe my life
to "Fruit-a-tives". Ever since childhood, I have been under the care of
physicians aad have been paying
doctor's bills. I was so sick and worn
out that people on the street often
asked me if I thought I could get
along without help. The same old
Stomach Trouble and distressing
Headaches nearly drove me wild.
Sometime ago, I got a box of "Fruit-
a-tives" and the first box did me good.
My husband was delighted and advised a continuation of their use.
Today, I am feeling fine, and a
physician meeting me on the street,
noticed my improved appearance anU
asked the reason. I replied, "I am
taking Fruit-a-tives". He said, "Well,
if Fruit-a-tives are making you look so
well, go ahead and take them. They
are doing more for you than I can".
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold by'all
dealeis ax 50c. a box. 6 for $2.50, trial
size 25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tive» Limited, Ottawa.
A letter addressed to
"Vickers, Sons & Alax-im.
Flume, Austria."
would reach its destination 111
course, and an-oiher one to
"Vicers. Sons & Maxim, Kngland,'
also would be properly delivere'..     Ihi
you .see anything   remarkable   wont
this?   Xo!     Do you know what V. S.
and M. make at Fuime and Bnaland?
In botii piaces tnen build tor-pe;!o
boats; nothing sinking about that, eh!
Ausirla is at war with Kngland;
England is at war with Austria! Vickers, Sons and Maxim supply .both parties with their fighting units. A ease
of backing the favorite botli .ways, and
great Is International Capitalism-—
Capitalism! please—not "Patriotism!"
though the wallers for profi
luoiisly shout from the house
the dominance of thc interests of property.
Whenever then' is a war the Devil
makes Hell larger.—Herman proverb.
Probably Barney Bill got his wires
crossed and 'instead of "Mc und Colt,"
it should have been '*Me"und der Teu-
Theoretically, on a full meal of butler or olive oil wo should be able to do
two and ;i half times tho work that a
fv.'.i nuu! of iiii.'Ut or UmiiB, or bread
*H-|-W4*irf4-t*f©?htce ~ —	
tumul-j": T:.-ctivtiiMlly   (and  pructicaliyi   we
ops fori mig:;t, |„. ;,'j|e t0 (*j0 s*111 more on a
meal coiuisrir.g of lentel soup, porter-
j hou-iti sunk, mu.shul  potatoes, caull-
Ihe cry for compulsory arb:tr.itiou|-flower, whole wheat bread, topped off
Is out of tune .with the
era thought and sboi:ka
present-day citizenship. It will not do.
It Is wrong in principle and incai. file
of just auiplicatioii.-—The Labor Clarion.
Kiitrina TomllobbskayaiiHlky.ia has
been wounded three times, according
to a report from Petrograd. Is It any
wonder that when a Russian comes to
Catiada lm changes his name to
"Smith." "-■ ■■
in-nd of inod-j uiih .1 couple of glasses of milk, but—
the nerves of; ;• is "u condition that confronts us, not
is th'.'GiV     Wc haven't the price,
iiiii'ginc :t full iiK-tal on butter or
o'.hc oil! Wow! Fine nx-ekfie for
:'!! :it!i:i\ of biliousin'ss—a case of too
ninc'i grease ini'l not enough turkey.
A correspondent asks how do we
pronounce "Vser?" Why, sltf we pronounce It "E-sir," nnd as for Aisne,
we have a pronunciation of onr "aln."
Kulntln* Till for Women. $5 * box or thrtc for
|10# Hold at all Unit? Ktaiw, or mailed to any
midrcM mi receipt of price. Tn k arouwu, Vnvn
t».,gt, C-tllnirim-8, OnUirlo._	
Vitality-; for Nervo nn<1 Brain; incrPunei "ursir
rn«ltor":»Toiik-~n-i!l hi,iW you up. <j u hoi,or
two Ior fS. nt tlrui: Morn, or by null 011 receipt
of priie. Thc Scubu.i, Jiatii Co., t't. Olturinoa,
6teasdell's Drug St ere, Fernie, 8. C.
Something Original—that's the
cry of every buyer of printing.
9 If eveiy print shop could or would work character
into their product there would'nt be eo much common
place printing.
fl Wei! be glad of an opportunity to prove to you
that when your printing is placed with us there will be
character to it
IJOur new type faces will do that alone, but
there'll be more than up-to-dateness m type faces.
There will be care taken in the arrangement of the type
-good ink will be used—the proper class of paper for
the work will be selected, and if it requires illustrating
well see that suitable cuts are used.
Bellevue Hotel
Bttt Accommo4UU»n
Up-to-Oalt — tatty
C*<«lltnt Cwitift*.
ntnrnmw enw x »*»£»
J* A* GALLAH, Prop.
to th* Ptw.—
"•2 <*i.i* i-uimotf
MU.IVUI, Alta.
who nr-tfd
•>'i. 'inn!,' 'i.
mwnmnm ************ am mm* mtm*. ax
tbo mem Uem a dbomn et ettmoro
tsnmn in «n eubf ftaffat voUMb
ommt MDfatMliItii4 Vbnt Alton,''
-«♦ Wne-ht in Bbntti," tm UM
imhh rotolmA nplHUdlr. Awl «M
tbo ffonfiMr et vm tnrintlm, mopn nee
bootmm ptocon, Ike mtemt ot tbe
h#nlrl»i^ b*m**a to pny ml nny mommy,
ex««tpt v*ry stn*!*! tmm wmkly, Ote
wMWptopnMnt et tbem »t m »t u«
wnr tmt ntrnmy jmwUm«I * emuta
d-fep-rwwfcm net orory me *•• etitU
nt tmtAot tttMS te mm, •• isMm tt
tbm toelkmtbme net nmrnnimw ot
gnot tUAetke, tt lo»lt«J
i| >U*^kAA m^m^m***m*n^Jk. *||^^^* ^k^ m—^fJgJ^^^M |Uk|
11 yo* oouRr noi or •woswo not
bnttn n gMMnl sttfte. nn ttmerree-
ttm or a rlg-onm protfMV    Tb*
emwet wm mnt tt wns n nrar of tte-
WtAAt RuMln. not nn negro*-
elm emr by my nxmnt (nbreetomnt
mtt. WtmUtoti, atwl tKAt tlt« bisi-aw.'
worn Pot ttm mor.
■aawrmw*  wm^   wm^wr   mm-otot
•towod npon film, of thn flory of Ml
loynltr nnd pntrtotlsau!) Rut th« ad-
vnnt««f« «Md trat Isnt lon». Oim editor wm atWwtMl, ibe paper aus|MHidiM],
ths Vorwnwf* wss sino suspMiiliNl for
tbrm Onyn snd then—ImtoflntteJy--
. *. h, tw, tt lind t'> promU' *oUmnb not
j to mention snytnliwi   abow   riaw«i,
served by totping tb« negro In *l»v«-r> I
th*n, Jost ns titers are thotr now who!
Insist ibo IntsriiisU of the public must,
bo saftvunrded ext-n though It bt* ne-
eennry, In so doHie, to make slave* (
of human -Mnim Tht1** "toMrrtta," 1
bm h nniicr*tofM], ar<- uiway* property;
inttrwMa.    In !*«'», bn*n*x-tr, the pen-'
Wait, I was lu SUMoi'd *llU Un> 8**-,itU:.   VVWl um a umiiltN*) tlM*i    I n-■ pie wUI«^ thsi ih»« ***lt*r* ot lb*Mnrk |
j— ,u 1. .,. —.    „ »•»—Unman w^-ir^-nhmiW be |»ra
■ftoant to tte* jura-jury a-t-lttr* of :■**,
rtlif* <Mtn*r*   Anil it 1* our firm mo-'
vjotlon tbot the Am»-rlcan p*opl* Mill
hold tlMMt \tm* nnd »il! not tak* a
boftMwfvl tt»^» to 'ttmtj tk* *1*ttmr
•or wnonxo,
cial Dwaoomtic party tor tbo ermter j der tWa rulo th#y can mtpott   many
more wood things to coat*.
Ant tbo ioefnl nomorrafu are not
til»» onlr mm who mr* reet^vnti. now
•beat tlm inter au of' vct-i*-* nm m-
w(tlt tuatii uf 'Amu.. I. «u*..» ^.Uuwt
Hgbtonmont, tbt fi»nd old teen, tbe
of out Utn; I tottkwot m tho
Qenem emtwment oonotsntty. I bttt
tbe fiontiMt omeom tor ttM mtlm
Vm btwln wetter* In tkmeey, t-J**'
by *tom frtenrfsWu foadt reWiau-A&ty ■
»aj*if tint Ult OtfWHi #0«lail tkeno-
L. A. Mills, Msntftr
Mr*.S. Jennings, Prop.
Excellent Cuisine - American And
European Plan Electric Light —
Hot ft Cold Water- Sample Rooms
Phones- Special Rates by the month
Evnpets Plan Ism Hum
Ma snd Opwinf!
Ommweee tjTAtt pKAA
U.OIpsrlsy .
Mim-mmm « -  i-.i-»->»-m wwwuw
,***.**«ii. ..*:
,'i- M,4m**W
if ' ~-*X7  .,     ''"'v--'  .'' fX'AW- -.".J- 7'-■■-. '''•'  ■'"
eljc Siotrict fttftge?
Published every Thursday evening at it* office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention:
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
At llu- outbreak ot* the war lliu very first <|iu's-
tion that every elass conscious worker asked,* nml
not a few wlio were not so conscious., ''What are
Social "Democrats doing; what have they done?
.And let it be said, to the credit of the average So-
i mlisi's chivalry and courtesy, and also his implicit
faith in lhe courage and .steadfastness of his teacher.-,, lie refrained from accusations and recrimination. ■■Time will prove; let us wait patiently!"
this was the advice and slogan. True, several of
the big lights in the Socialist world did not hesitate
lo attack the German Socialists, and Benson and
Walling English were almost bitter in their denunciation of the attitude of the German Socialists.
Most of us. however, were disposed to treat them
charitably; and even in this paper we published letters and articles in which the comrades expressed
the belief that wholesale executions and shootings
had taken place. Karl Liebknecht was shot, several
-siiiics. wiimc Kcsi livixemberg had been inaltreakd
and thrown into jail. Revolt, it Was reported,
had lieen crushed under the iron heel of Kaiserism.
We have mourned for their imagined sufferings; we
'.ave longed lo hear the brave words from them ihat
should to!! how heroically, as in 1870. they refusal
to countenance war. and in spite.'of the threats of
Kaiser Bill, walked out of a Reichstag reeking-'with
insane miiilarism! We have waited, and we liave
From barbaric Russia we-'expected nothing, but
here we met our surprise,, for tlie members of Trudo-
viki i Laboriics) left the. Duma in a body. Poor,
backward, ignorant Russians, with Siberia staring
them in llu- face, dared the wrath of the Czar when
nur masters refused to incur the anger   of   their
the position of German Social Democrats ancl the
Kaiser Amen!
The comrades 110 strong in Germany have had
their trial; it has 'been unbiased and international;
and they have been found wanting—they have lost
their opportunity. The world waited, listened for
some word of protest, some vision of revolt; we
were to eager to hear how they had acquit themselves—and we know.
"Never before in history has there been such a
dastardly betrayal of principle as the unanimous
•voie of the Socialists for the Kaiser's AVar Budge4,
I ike ostriches sticking their heads in the sand so
as not to see, they were blind to the invasion of Luxemburg, Belgium and France; and as though hypnotized by the Kaiser aud his pitiful, shameless
Chancellor, they had eyes only for that ogre the
Czar, whose worst sins against Russian freedom
could never have been committed without the support of the K'aiser—a support encouraged again and
again by the pusillanimity of the German Socialists.
1 can only pardon them by believing they knew not
what they did. They had no realization of their responsibility. To this day 1 have met iio-apologist
of the Kaiser who has not said triumphantly: 'lie
Ml'ST be right, because the German Socialists are
supporting him!' "—(See "The War: Personal.Impressions;" by Robert Rives La Monte, in this issue.)
The best conclusion we can give this article is by
quoting-Allan Benson, who wrote as follows in the
.New York ("all. early iii September, under the caption "Let the War Go On": ■'■•:'. . "-.
•'I am sorry to hear that the Socialists of New
York intend to hold an anti-war meeting in Union
Square Saturday afternoon. I am sorry to hear it
because I always like to feel that the Socialists are
maintaining and increasing their ''reputation i'<r
common'Sense." 1 hate war, but 1 do not hatetit so
much as J hate some kinds of peace. J regretted to
s^e this -war come on, but now that it has come. 1
want to see it go on until its cause shall Jiave beea
wiped out of existence.
' "'What is its cause?...Comrades may say that capitalism was ils cause. Quite so. But that is not*
sufficiently definite. It is no more nearly definite
than it would be to say that the atmosphere is the
cause of the aeroplane. -Without ■ the atmosphere
the aeroplane'would not have existed. Without
capitalism the present European war would not
have existed. The present European war is the result of capitalism, plus the predatory and military
spirit of Germany as typified by its Emperor.
'"Germany won   an   easy   victory from Prance
fiirty-four.years ago.     From that .day to tliis she
lias been drunk with confidence and ambition.
''Why not stop the war then?.-    We may omit
rescue of the Allies by shutting off the supply to the
enemy. One' might ask a question that would
seem natural: Did not these statesmen know for
what the nickel was intended years ago ? If tljey
did, why did'they not put "an embargo on nickel
sooner? The answer is simple: It would have interfered with Profits, and to have refused to ship
for the German or Austrian trade would have been
contrary to all canons of commerce. , They were
not in business for their health. With British men-
of-war patrolling'the'high seas.and overhauling neutral bottoms to ascertain if contrabrand was among
the cargo it is an open question if a large quantity
intended for Germany and Austria could have been
successfully delivered. A case of making'■' a virtue
of a necessity." If German militarism is bad so is
is any kind of militarism, regardless of the prefix,
and if nickel is so essential that without it wars
today could not be carried on, is it not more sensible to forbid its sale for war tools than to dispose
bf large quantities and then at the eleventh hour
put an injunction against it?
Nothing of the. kind will be done, and to talk about
doing it is Utopian, so long as the bulk of humanity
still think tho only way to put an end to war is by
killing oach other.'
H I   Kara ttaaa ' -<^_nt *
You wfll find relief In Zim-Bok!
It eases ihe burning, stinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
ease. Perseverance, wiih Zam-
Buk, meant cure; Why not prove
this?   -AU Druagiataand 8ontr-
am buk
• S(M*V*U5Rl
THE WAR :  Personal
Kaiser! Such are the melancholy facts; great is
the fall of Internationalism.
And ihey lit) strong! The greatest and grandest aggregation of Marxian philosophy ever seen iu
llie world! The leaders and teachers of Socialism the
world over!
Out of all the sordid facts that are daily placed
before iw. and only go to convince us of this great
betrayal, il is impossible to find a single redeeming
feature, try as we will: investigate and sophistze,
wc still eome hack to the nuked 1 ruth: The German Social Democrats were gulled by the eloquence
and bait of llie Kaiser and his eohortk, They have
tried to justify themselves by the argument that
the Russians were upon them and the French had
invaded llieir terrilory. hies and damnable ones
at that. In Franco the Socialists refused to believe
ilia! their comrades had betrayed tbem. The Ureal-
.lules .IniD'eH was so Iiii ter in his opposition to the
War that he gave his life to prevent it. In -Ureal
Britain there was not a single worker with the most
elcmenlary -smattering of philosophy who did not
denounce tlie wai', .lohii P.uviis and HilVltsny Mlle-
ili'lllll.l Iv-MjflH-il their po«itioti» oil llie cabillc! , thev
had been considered reactionary.
in every British colony tin
condemned the action of Ihe government.     In our
By Kobcrt Rives La Monte
As subjective impressions ami the
personal equation -always count for
much it is only fair to preface this
.brief statement by telling you that
;Wie war round me iu Tours, France,
.when llie mobilization order practically ini.pris'oiied me for nearly three
weeks, an dthat 1 have not yet recovered from the ipervasive sense of sadness
which permeated and saturated the in-
te'Ileetuiil and moral atmosphere of
Tours as soon as the inevltaibllty ot
war was recognized. Frankly-, I admit
iny emotional sympathies are very
strongly .with Prance.
The best things on the war 1 ever-
read are the article by Bohn and Wall-
i'ng (not forgetting the excerpts from
Allan Benson) in the September and
October "Nc^v Reviews." Next to
these and very, very close after them
comes an article in the October Atlantic Monthly by Prof. Usher, of St.
Louis, which I heartily recommend to
"Xew Review" readers.
•The economic causes of the war—
Germany's need for expansion, her
rapid industrial development and consequent remarkable overproduction,
the door to South America slammed in
her -face by the U. S. A. with her be-
whlskcred .Monroe Doctrine, the door
to AUrlca slummed in her face by Kngland, and the door,to Asia 'Minor ominously creaking on its hinges from
the pushes of the Balkan Slavs more
or less openly'..supported by. Russia-
all this, has been made plain and clear
by many Socialist writers and it makes
(Germany's .attitude explicable and
comprehensible.   But the comprehen-
eonsideratiois of the fact that it would be 'precisely'
as nearly possible to try to slop an eruption of a volcano after it had begun to spout. We should not.
try to stop the war because the spirit that has -caused this war is a menace to civilization. Civilization
will not be safe until that spirit is crushed. If it
were not crushed now, it would cause another Avar.
I'ntil the war came the world would be compelled to
arm against it. No nation would be safe over night.
The suddenness with which Germany precipitated
the present war shows the dangerous character of
such n spirit,
"Comrades may explain that if the-Herman working men knew wherein their interests really lay thev
would not fight, and therefore it is inhuman to kill
litem off. Comrades may therefore bliime capitalism, as it is expressed hi Cicrinany, for the ignorance
Bible and justifiable are not synonyms jf** J" Uju fourteenth century
atrocities conceivable only to Deutsche
The world was listening with eagre
faith for a brave word or gesture of
protest from them, Such a word or
gesture might have cost them dear,
but would have been pregnant with
blessings for generations yet unborn.
Never before In history have a -handful of men been confronted with anih
a glorjous opportunity.
Never before in history has there
been such a dastardly betrayal of
principle as the .unanimous vote cf the
Socialists for the Kaiser's War Budget.
hike ostriches sticking their heads
in the sand so as not to see, they were
blind to the invasion of Luxemburg,
■Belgium and France; and as though,
•hypnotized by the Kaiser and his pitiful, shameless Chancellor they had
eyes only .for that ogre the Czar,
whose 'worst sins against Russian freedom could never have 'been eom-mitled
without the support of the Kaiser—
a support encouraged again and again
by the pusillanimity of the German
I can only pardon them by believing
tliey knew not 'What they did. Tliey
had no realization of their responsibility. To this day I have met no apoio-
gist of the Kaiser who has not said
triumphantly: "He must be rlsht, because the German Socialists are supporting him!"
This is too sud and tragic to dwell
What of the future?
The shortage of labor after the war
will he comparable to (though less
than) tlmt in England after the Black
lu the f?oclallst .vocabulary:        '""
(.'evmaijy with all her boasted md!
very real culture was driven by the
.mil-economic causes suggest I above
Jo develop'militarism to web an e<-
tcnt that this militarism Itself be-
enme twenty years ago the dominant
factor In the European situation,   A'.l
■Frai-ce and Kngland trembled ( and
were right in trembling) whenever
there were whispers of German mobilisation. The might and efficiencv
ef the German army 'hung like all <iw-
fil menace over -suoh ?lvi 'nation as
Capitalism had achieved-
An'' this awful power wa« wielded.
n>t by n people with .'rej .nstlt.nlciu
politically, but by the Prussian Junker
aristocracy. The Reichstag of the
German Umpire has never had any
real control our Hie KnUer. He
flra'wa hi.** revenues not from the Itv-
of the tienuaii worlungmeii,     All of which I contend is not to the point.     The stern fact is that lhe yerljil lU'leh-rttas'. but from Uie le«S»l»-
Herman workingmen are shooting down lhe work-h»re of Prussia, whkli lit elected by
ingmen of other nations.    The stern ChH i« that the! the notorial* tJtr«.-rta« *>*t*ro. and
in heme owned    body,    boot*    and
lirrechcs by he Feudal PriiMlah Junk-
worhingiiieu of other nations did not see tlii* war.
Tl.e stent fact is Hint Herman woHuwniien have put j tn(> ulio nre thin able to rtlomie the
bayonet* to lhe throats of all Ihe uurkiiigJau'ii of; pulley of the tierm.iii Umpire.     The
hi Canada audi Kurope except lhe working men or Aualria-Hiui- K*'»«»r hn* never hesitated to Aet. the?
...   . ■• .       .,       i      J              • •» i. i ftotoliatftx when he wa* mre of the;
Socialist* gathered and  gary anil Italy	
j crclse an almost inconceivable and
undreamt of power in France and
Fnghnvd. We -may confidently loo1?
forward to a tremendous Improvement
in the conditions of labor througlio-H
Europe. . ■    ■
In this improvement it ls Improbable
that the workers of America will ^hare
notably, simply becuuse wc have no
or few labor organizations worthy of
the name.
Hut the two best results of the war
will be:
(1) International Socialism will bo
freed from ihe tyranny of the PruB?-V.n
doctrinaire (llsclplliiarlaiic,
(At Copenhagen la 191-3 the average
American delegnte waa unable to dla-
cover bin own thoughts on any nub-
jeet leitil he 'nd first foerd out 'whin
the G.»in.miiswuiiled." Then he sa.t'
l-l The rani, and Ilia of the Ger-
nan Social IH'aiocracy will rue ner
ivety fixndtt-utyl fr-ped.Mii of MntiiMt,
Socialist "discipline" In Germany has
ever been the refle* of Prussian nilll-
■    liottii with the Kaiser!
All hall Uie emancipation   nf   the
,   ,    . , , , mp^'lt "ibe jiink^"- wli.*.* tbe \ J*«B« of "m"\* «1^1««> »»« •"»■«"
"f .lun't care who put a bayonet to my tlir.»ah;„f<llr 0, Uitttm lH AU,W.    The mill j,,e"?,»l"»> but »»■ •*»«!«, too      le
whether he is a capitalist, a workitiffiunn or even n  ,Brj- offender* wroln*t the right* 0fJ W''"" »««.yoo*«.    Speed the tiny
own ilisi(iiiificilllt way Wc deHolllieed lhe uttitllde of   „„,-, ,,   ,*,„,„,.,,„, ,„-,, „ ,.,., „.,.H.,...,, ...   .,,,,,.   ,„,,   uinuueir.  himiiii»*.   i.i<   hrho  "• i    ,       .. Art i»
Sir Kdward Hrev and Winston Churchill ami th-ir  S...-i»li.l worMi.ir.iiHn    if I eai. gel nt him flrat I Uh* civilians of Alsace were «ef*r de-«   ".«, w* *^r"*"j!™!"e*".- h„,„
m, ret dipl.nnae;. wdl kill lri...   The t'ttyl that he i* maided will nt**-****** et vmUMI In »„.«* of th. ^l^^^ °*" ^^
' '  , ,       . ,. ,„.     ,,   , ..   . .     ,   , ...      , e* of the ReU-hstn*. ? ,
"Our teachers and leader* in oi.liui.t .'tied timl | snvehim.      Hie lacj that he m .jjtmrH.il will i.otj    ilnAm (h(H(e Hrettnntfancet the' tri'j"""   'B
hiielily et.ltii.rnl Hertnany -.ive in at the r.r*» vmvl | sitx* him.     S*>1 *\<-n the fact tlmt he is working ;ulll;,|, ^ fiermaay In »Uc present war \    g*|Q ABSGtSS fi YEIRS
• •I* the BiiveriMii-eMtn! trumpet ami were mi easily de- ? airaiiiM hw own iiilen'.**!* will nave him if I can put a  would mean tlif* subjugation of Kuj —■»■	
e.ived  ,«i t.. drop their first hirthritfht for ? p.l I hullft into I.i. iknll Wtor* lie put* « Imyonet into rope by Prnaslan and Austrian «Md«t;   ••»■«* C«ndU«B4UllS«
..f ,h,1„ n .mix** lent.!.  led ami or..., oted l.v IMI.. I mv throat.     And. if I have any mentis l.y which I" *otoetnr.. wliich would la tlmt men , '
« ,    „,.   ,     ,.     , „„     ■ .      ,    ,  , .*   . 9*   9 *.-**'« 'wUi Xoriii iuid iioutU Aiuurk* m* . J»rs. tltrbtri. Cex, ot Part McXkhol,
inaiio -lli.llw.« and Wilhelm |{e\      .    I he Herma,'  nm take the fitrhlitltf npini out of tliat man m that wH|     |( wm(|M {m m tn4 ,0 ^^ Oat, writes: "Kor nine rears Isatfsrsd
he wil! le, ,,„. ||,, m peaee i.. the future    I'll w';^ ,w»3t!<,, llbwt). m,1 tr** w\ mLZ^tZnZ^Zl ItTn
ihin..." itiitloim. at oat* tn Kiiroiw. «»d uni-.jrae not had the atacm lanced tt*
r    mutel) in Ameilejt ; |»*»te4ly.    1 nltn tried Ktivfral olnt-
BETTER AN OUNOE OF PREVENTION THAN     lt l*m*tM* for a Soelailat to mx**r\ ?t?ta ,B* Mires, bat without ittlt-
S-. i;tl 1). ni". i.tv had no lMi-*tiic- '» «* <tfr n»*,*ni
hii»ihIv with the eapitnlKt partita fur the Imdtfet
md tue war.    If wa» a iirave ermr   it via* u di*.
Krace. Ity llli'* ilcl tliey .-uinentetl in tin iii<i»t «l"
\n-»tiilitilf war and liv-lped t«» the piMMiftcftir l»v ••hao
xiiiistte exullHlioii and elmu\iitiMie lliaillien* of tlie
in.,.! Si.ri»hed hrethren nf ilo.r ..wn and of «»thei-
tint»«♦.»*." A'e article l.y Ur M. ,\r<(it*s«»ii ," \l«»n-
.in-lii*?*' Wrtfand International SeH'wIimii," f.atr** "
: nnd nny be b%% no pt*ter*nre b»ts«*«i t*J}.0\* 7*2-J' f11""' tt* <«*«
'...,, j, « ,. ,j t . .«,■ w'" ,m • had a tumor os tbt tent
,1-Mtdi^n, »nd CatHtaHOTl. box tlU   xm ni %>%m ,,av,5 ,„ ,tm,^rJ ^J^
' <".is<i».ii'i 'iliotry poon w«d.   The *-**** * tba.   I did to ami tbey nettped ttm
Th «.tivernsiii'fit :ii.thoritii*<i at tHtawn have i|et-id-! '*■<*'h'.v*,i l* reedy, r«*<»!««I*»»t*t n,iw»«!»! bona, but l»*t>ttdiif luattnK. «ln« -aonnd
' te   .t ,\  U-, or WU-t betnenr In- .» a' **T*nT M''* *!m" thm l*r'w<'-    B»
...   ^v„|«...!««. to mt for >.-.rvi$,i.J!?V,.«i ******* M 4«t|»lf
id i-i «.*..  i,f luiauy and .Vuilrui n teirili.- wlup mi
the wrint. Wi are told that it mav hasten tin* down-
,   .     .   , . lot em btine eort^l, when n frtentf
A.»,» f,»r th.*ir Wfrayrtl «»■■ tin- 1**h\ lhe ■Herman   fall of Kaisi*riMo.     fttim.la mav y..f jinnm herwlf r,,  ,      ,, t,ev.%.1H.m wlth -, .... *•„. *, te*|t t, thp tlm"%»! wNItoght
tittxi'ttyti*'Ml save tin■-• party a <••« hone* «» « rewnrtl.   «|w»n liohlthit tio* irttmp i*«r»l iii tl«* "'•Itrk''«f i.*-! r,*-iir->r> ■^».»-*m t« • 4«eli«J V'm .•!•*•! I* * tital.    I  »oo:t  i.jtk«4 sach *
»»,,. ,,< !- .     .,;,.,,» „f Ml'vcr '" which verv *,h»rtW 1i„m      Not l.v thr ifiapntrh «,f her Att'it*m t.i fill up: •and from the tyranny of IVi ■lattsw ,j JJ**?5i|,,:'|'r '",n#1Y<,"t f^1 ', *f *!
' ' ' ' ...       n-n.>   «• «i» T,rn..T t _.» ....,. ■■ **J9. ■< ",«r»*r<i i'i < •.niir.iti.     |.U| of nny |
.....»...l - ...........rf...*    *,,,9 il... V..ru »..-.. **t*9 ol.     lh.. «|.-.-i(iiHl-ll   fOtlUm «f  tile   ,\llie»;   l»o|   \*X   nrlwUuif , ffW,W'   W  ™* I******   ^»r  *,T#r'f "•"» g»l boll*r.    TS Jt UfebiOb tmmtt t» W
.      .,.,       ,,„,,,        „  i i    «■ •       ^t.i!t«t, 0«^nii»ri or mn*n*rmnn, m**t < Ui tbi> v?rv ,t„ii ,,r it,,. t,i.,ii,it,   miU
,-..-,tittU**Tt *»l*,< ihuhU   of t*,«,.tf,-.t  fr-Mto ■ » . ,,,,.  r,    ...       .       . i . , I e*a*   «v*»*«»^»»»r
., tf,,, ,.,,,.!,,,*      t-V.,,^..,.   *t»*ti»»tii.o,t ;»»1't    ■■ -  -tr•,'*»>•*»•«       **'r*
n> rr-»«h tt     rtirtaM. tn
infied ti
Ue pUi'i'-l rii«»l !«»l»l ail l'h»- I'.viU'uty
■» *•    i«     «.*    • » n ... »
■    *"      ,,1 ■• ** i  * A,    *,? 1"..} -
•.t-f'ii'ilti.   Mill   ihr    VorUM»,<3*
ttutt \-*ii\i** t i..i*i*
.,.,:.,. I- I
i,,   ,*i
:. j .■'., -si,,'}-: nt lll'i*.■ *ii,Yi■ 9'it,*,^**,*n*'i**u
iiud then iitilefiniSelv!
.,.,,*,   • , %,.,.■.
iViii    9}),.,yl}\
1 t-in'r *!'i!f'..-.i 'iLii's ■*
I*;",..,    tf,,,     ,.,,,.!,,,* t-V;,,^..,*.       *t»**tl»»tl1.0,t     ;»»1't        "'   "     -IT •,'*»>•*»••'
)Ui**'ia ttx i» .«* UmiUlu-il -iXh llm nrnvh *i.ee,!.*t! !'*"*♦' *"•"»
"V/f-iaJ Imiiii *|im'i*i» W'timjfliiily ,Vni'4ir-':*i»m »«wll wiin-lkiwl tint*.
md ZanvBak bm
•m ... ««m«w ♦■»>•* *■*$** **»# t-hror.|i" t„t* atlxbemt tent
■j iittj ti4o< ui n*,..ij wimiA'
Th* a%H4tt, it 11.. (,«« at uir tit.
tw!  ledny  rti*a"#'Mf««  to anittotlatt, ,taw** t!»at r*«».f 1 - tl**4 wk^mm*
irnxu* nhtxtt Imx*  none of it,     Tlii* deeinion to at-
i. ♦ in •■.•ff-i.t'   ■••*,, .K* ,,*ii,,,.'titt 1t*rrt~* will t*t- i.r*t
•rtuititft.i'o md lr*i*t\ty*m as K»ts«rtiMi| Oak kss eartnt alt<r dottoto fftlML
*n*th i*      Mnrewte*. In th* ernm Ol \ .fw •V ^su* e e* 1-lnry to lh-
,*,.,,,.,»,»,*»,,   *,..•,,... ,,.,,,, ,».*«♦,,.**»i.•*««- aollilfts ezn iw-rna-J y*m-nmk.   V
IrnMx   rriturtlml U'  lh«" »rt«.hriljr «f l*»i»»Uiirt« *■**.'■■* wi4a*r *».-! »-*#r.-J th«» «Wh«i ofl*^"^!^ ^jT^rtvt'Xa^lthfalt
nmrvrlhtiM a«tnirm*M.     It i« nntlltlifC »f tin* *att.'* rn'-"" *-4 I:«s*r"*   *"*   tMttem.'.ea fMtey «j,o r«o*a of «!« iletnm.
' *W* '■» ih* ■.<■-,#»•»' ot iSifrma-n tittotfjemi H* Iwalir,** imkxt fmeomn vlll
Ja* Kn':»»-r at Hetmnny nU Anuria|m^y Vttilt up »;* kebttby tlnnot.
Ub <* ml *-ttwemr..
*     • **       " * ...     ,    i   t   ,   ,.y*l,, ,  i* i.i,, *,i,-    ,-i' tii.
>-»,iirM*t|.-v *«*r»Hit»» wilit-tirnmi has **\-et\ it* lw»!h*t-»
tor th<- llelifiafH Verily with limner «»»ti we n*k.
"If tfoh! rn-t*; what %h;»H ir».t;tjjn*"     If mtr tm*- > lr\%r ?*nr% \m*l it he* l»-*-n kiw»wti th*t l**ni*«i«n Hiili-
frr*-. are <»i» *>3-*ily il««-eivt-.(| hy th-r viip*>riiiff» of tli.'ir 8 t»r*#»M wn* |tr**jw»rMi* with wn»tfowli«*iil ev*».-tttH*l»*
Ki»!*«-f what --an «** -r-X|»e»-t fmtit th*- humhle- r.wn-; for "Th«* lia?," nml m niekrl «r»***» i»«*>*e**i»ry tn; d*«set* ttmok*n
,r,*,t*. m hrett*-" etui K«iro|w* wli*» hn* l'».k«4 ii|» J..*J}*»**■ f«iil'4ao-i*5 «4 lu-i *\>t4m, lew qiwnJMi.--. .-.m*.    *'•■■• *«.i--.|> ,*
-■ ■-.  ^      •■:-. r,*''   ,!*:-' !'* r,if' '*-.•>• *■*»- '■■    •'    ' '" --'-■: i''"'--h-.*.f 1 ,-.'.. -1 ***** v •■■) tilth Imt ni*,- ,,','"■
{•iii«.i*t j.i»!alron-«,     Thf mmmtii»I«» «"h«» r«*l«i<MNl tn,ur*'w.     Tit* kmnnimige**i xnitmt wnngtiitik*m »*«
v.!.-* r1, Ku-j*Ay- *e.A- \<*.-&*■*$ n|*o'i *•» n j**-**' »i**--*^«*   It- ta-fliU*** "n» i-i.-rj." «M*d t«» iImmm* wli-rtw* ps •
f,%tt-i\  *p<'iv'.fu*art. while  if  h* *\tir**\.  t**  ,-\:A"f*-r ..rf f»ij*.»tii>n i*. t*» ninth* twh mnttetn. -smut IIm:
*. «., *-    ■***.,-at is^r«**»»f, u*-tf*..tr b-" w-«M,-i-***| ■>* «.<. ■*.. •*> • ««rslljr »«w^.ltii»f, tb* r*mk ,*ml tt\* were *li*<- t*
**•**.- 1-tro*. bninrat, I'uriiurn  aWf*.
»s*-.f,*-* * mth. rt^itrarhnw, trltmn,
,.,i»'h* tt*ilt*t imwptw*®** tm ti»A* mtr. i•***•. *' ""* V.. ■ '"',"?« t-f.*!,    \% \*m
t '* tip *-«-r»*,;r t*t*t\A - •»*«• %w*.<i-ttsv.*~*. xt    ll* i'-"", '  ,., *     ■ '■" "■■ ■'' >
->■■* 4) "a    ■   ...   f »»,.»»*■»,. t*x »*»£.
4M «i«t      Wi-n *:wr#* la tk*# dtft]
l«M f*.•**» ft
Ilttt *h«-B tin* wrrnk nml nnr>-»«l •*•*
\ ir,i:*.
'H'ipf i»»5*
.-■'ii f^i nf lUri-ttt*,*-** ft-x'n-ttr in »n?Mfi»rr ftfeftwr.*
twirls| ^rt^^» thai tli«*r prarti*-»| * :> tomtwittg s *:; "
.}, ff,„l\ .,,,.-!,* tli,*..    ;,:  A'-i-uin*    ''-■ mtint*  tn*tr rn»/. '
•rnw^SNriWIif, *       ■>.!»♦.   *}!**♦   thtm ypmrttifk tt t
we met* «*»*'» wro-il '•* ***lt tmt "ewo*\tUttitn bkviy..t
tnden" ot Getmntti    Tbetn tbty etm\nmmmrw*mm
li* autumn im tbt: IX. k*.-nt, m*.ti* ii*
■**t9ttm imm mm »■**■-»«*•■.      la**»    *•».-«*
met Hekriwm oni frmt*. onto ift-»*t«
•••-•■•it   <i?t!i   l,Vmiii    ',tnftA*-ii   it. f   >br-
-'*   ' *■*   TT ******** *% **"*-**^
J»v, Nt, a for tt Ji
■■'" gjucw *-m,[
No   Matter   How  Well
You Feel
Your appetite is bound to feel- the need of something exceptionally tasty and good at this particular season, and
being careful about the meat you fancy.is an important factor.
Government Inspected
Kept fresh and clean until served on tho tabic is something
you should insist on. Don't think that because we give you
high grade meat that our prices are high.
The 41 Market Co.
and peaceful security as well.
With a polloy ia our old line
company, you can go off oa your
vacation or visit the ends of tlw
ear-Ui and you know you're secure.   TVie best in
Is always choapesf, and especially so when It doesn't cost
higher, Don't de.ay about that
renewal or abou-t tliat exitra insurance you want but come right
In at once and have it attended
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail   TobaCCOntSt
Baths and Shoe Shine
i - - •
Our Coffee is Good
Fernie's leading Picture Theatre
FRIDAY. NOV 8MUR Ith '   r
The Girl cf Mystery
•INIM Nt, It
Tl»l» ftttii* Is Mirfdi) iin*lot to n clo** snd ih«r« art mnn. start!
im r«-»Hsiion» ta oomn to Ut* imt ten mite*. Who is th* AoUior?
WiM»'4of« Im-UUt timliy marry?    Uou'i Imi l«ft nt tU pott
imyor-uiti «mimwiimmi*> Irom xm* mhu ih kmnwxum.  I»AIX AI tni.
3 K**\* mt fim of llw fnwrato Vlttan Strfiw ky &tmm tomtom ffowftfi, eptpmttm *» ttm Vrrnwry itnnttm. A mory tt eettm-
t«t* Mt to Wmeen to tto rrt*o of Lonlt XI   -lite Pro*l*r«-- THIV
KM ti*t*r   vov Mmt ftt tHtbt,
IFtClAW - WCONC3DAV A THURSOAY, Nav«wti«i   tl *ai  (2.
; ') 'Tis* fbtemn meemtte Acfwr John iurrymork. to
mu tmm iarrymori in firhii.
I      T
Since" our last issue the mines 'have
beeu iilile until .Monday at 3 p.m.,
when No. 1 Bast, No. 2 and. B North
mines worked until 3 p.m. Tuesday.
Since tlien notice lias been posted to
"look for further notice on Thursday
morning" '
Dudley .Miohel (late timekeeper up
here) was visiting his -parents and
'friends up .here during the week-end.
We learn that Dudley is figuring on
joiniing tihe noble ,army of Benedicts.
Congratulations, Dudley.
'Magistrate Stalker, of Ferule, had
it caso from this camp arising out of
•certain slanderous statements made by
one of our residents. After a brief
hearing the case was dismissed, the
defendant. receiving an admonition
from tho 'bench.
An interesting gathering was held
Priday. evening at the Club Hall, when
a dance was arranged as a fareiwell to
Dick Jones, Harry Cartmell and Robinson Welsh, who have gone out with
the second contingent. Harry* France
conducted the floor arrangements in
his own inimitable style. The orchestra was composed of the following gentlemen: J. -Fawley, H. Hewitt and .1.
Gaskell. During the evening several
songs were sung and speeches .made.
Dancing was indulged in until the wee
smi' hours.
Charlie Percy came home from hospital on Monday, -where he 'has .been
undergoing an operation.
Howard 'Martin tvas discharged from
hospital during tlie week-end.
The special train provided by the
management of the Grand Theatre
on Friday last, was much appreciated
by the Creekites.
Durinc our prea.mbulations we oft-
times stumble across a prodigy, and
our latest discovery is a comedian by
the name of Hill Collier, whose rendition of a -certain song brought down
the roof.
'Mr. Wlliiam Newberry anc} family
have removed from Fernie and taken
up their residence on Riverside Ave.
Sir. William 'Mitchell, also of Fernie,
has likewise forsaken the gaieties of
tbe city and taken up his residence
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦    ^
♦ BELLEVUE NOTES      .     ♦
♦ ♦
Mrs. Chas, Roberts, from the land
of the leek, .has joined her -husband
' The looal Order of Eagles handed
the sum of $90.65 to Bro, Litfaerl-vid,
,tho proceeds.of the recent concert, and
•wish tb thank the people of Bellivie
for their -patronage. They also tender ' tJieij eirxeire thanks to the artists.
Mr Ed. LHherland wishes, in r-'trn,
to thank all who in any way contributed their „quota of 'help at tlie recent
benefit concert
' The people of Bellevue are again
called upon to help t/hose who, find
themselves In adverse circumstances,
and we feel sure the appeal won't be
In vain, in spite of the fact that so
much distress prevails in this District.
There will be a grand concert -held iu
th$ Worker's Hall on November 11th,
in aid of the .Patriotic Fund. We
thoroughly appreciate the condition ot
the workers here, but compared with
that of the Belgian people It is a veritable paradise. There the people are
homeless and starving; little children,
aged and infirm all suffer. Driven
from town to town, hamlet to hamlet,
first hy the Invaders, and then in
search of food, these poor -people are
almost demented. It would take the
pen of the greatest writer te do justice
to their condition, and then he could
scarce succeed. We trust the people
of Bellevue, who while they .have been
called upon to make sacrifices, have
not witnessed the destruction of their
homes, their breadwinners, aye, their
women and children, will help these
unfortunate people who in their present condition ara powerless to help
themselves, it is anticipated tha-*. this
conc-eu willl"surpass anything eve'r
stiged In this burg. Price of admission, oOc.
Mr. Geo. Geary, ex-color sergeant,
has left to join his regiment. .Mr.
fieajy will ibe greatly missed, especially by the adherents of the Methodist
Church, he being a member of the
quarterly official board and a Sunday
school t^achc-r. He was held tn high
esteem by all. The Rev. Cook intimated Mr. Geary's departure to Ms
congregation at the evening service,
"|n Coal Creek.
(.Methodist Church, Coal Creek—
Wednesday "Talk or Experiences in
R.X." These taik-j are I'elng appreciated. Thursday, T p.m. Choir prie-
"ce. -Sutday. 2.3) Sunday school n-i<i
Bible claps; 7.30 bright Gospel service. Rev. D. M. Perley will take
eharge on Sunday night.
Statement of Account re Mre. Harries
Benefit Concert
Receipt &—•
by sale, of tickets thro' mines. .-321,25
Collected at door     12
12 tickets sold by W, Hughes    tJ.OO
:. ticket* nold by J. Combes....     2..r»0
"    Collection        1.0ft
Jack Leonard is not making the
progress we would like to see in recovering from Ms attack of rheumatism.
It has come to our knowledge that
a series of petty thefts are taking place
from the washhouse at No. 2 mine,
Some person or persons seem to be in
great need, of towels and boots, and
have .possessed themselves of means
to unlock the lockers and help themselves. Such thefts are the very
depth cf meanness, and inflict gireat
hardship and .inconvenience upon the
victims. • Every effort will be made
to catch the culprit or culprits.
Mr. A.. Watson, of Bradley and Watson Coal Co., of Pincher Creek, was
In town this week, and informs us that
The.business men of Coalhurst sent
ouit Invitations to all the farmers in
the vicinity to come in on Tuesday,
November 3rd, and enjoy themselves.
About a hundred farmers answered the
call and a supper, show and dance, all
free to the farmers, was well managed
by the business men. The idea, we
believe, is to get the farmers to make
Coalhurst their markdt place. J. T.
Percival acted as secretary, and we
believe the undertaking was a huge
A very sad affair which proved total
happened at Coalhurst Thursday of
last week. George Smith, a Russian
miner, employed for the past year and
a half at -tlie collieries here, went out
with a gun to hunt jack rabbits, and
♦ ♦
they have struck coal, also that it is j some how or the other the gun* ex
coal of good quality. The seam is
almost vertical, pitching about 85 degrees, and with a sandstone foot-wall.
We are also informed that they have
a good market for their coal. We
wonder if they have room for a little
of the labor power that is being hawked around these parts?
A meeting was held on Tuesday
evening in the vacant store next to A.
I. Blais for the purpose of completing
arrangements for the receiving of
donations of money and clothing in
aid of the sufferers through the present war.
Mr, Williams was elected chairman
and Mr. A. Kelly secretary treasurer.
A executive board comprised of the
following was elected: *Mrs Williams,
Mrs. lSvans, Mrs. Hallworth and Mr.
Burnett, and the two officers, with
power to elect any 'help they might
The people of this locality will be
greatly assisting the committee if
they wI-U have ready for them all serviceable clothing tliat may be of use
for-the Belgian women and children.
At a rate payers' meeting held he-e
Eome weeks ago a committee of thr^e
gentlemen were selected to attend to
the necessary details of having this
town Incorporated. As the citizens'!
are enquiring as to what progress has
been made, possibly the three gentle-
Aen ln question might call a public
meeting as "soon as convenient.
♦ ♦
.. i
ia -
Kvpendlmro-- .
VrlnUiU'  $   ".."lo
Collection books 40
Sundries tor danee      t. to
Senilis tlukc-u round mines 6
men one day's wage     21.00
UeeeUrd'by Mrs. Hurried ...■.$31,1.20
W. Ilughen, nee. ot fund.
and the congregation rose and sunc
"God be with you till we meet again."
Wp wish George a safe return'.
There Is very little change to record
here for the last week. Some forty
men have been laid off from the in-
Bide and outside jointly. The mWea
ugaln worked five days.
The regular meeting ot Local 431
will take place on Sunday next* Nov.
Sth, when business of Importance will
be transacted.
Charley Richards met with a slight
accident last week,
Tom Dupen bus left us aril gone to
work In tli" -n'*.*? owned l>> his broth*
Mr, St Unliua. of Uio Bellevue Hotel,
Is spending his vacation in Spokane.
Jack Mortimer han received word
thii week that his brother-in-law was
IiMIimI in action In the engagement at
We wish to commend Mr. J. E, Rudd,
proprietor of the Southern Hotel, for
thu excellent piece of sidewalk he
has laid In front of the hotel.
The reitului- monthly meeting of -Uie
scliool bounl man produotlv-s of routine work only.
ploded, and Uie contents entered the
body just below the right arm. He
died before medical aid could be obtained. A. E. Humphries, coroner,
was communicated with, and with Dr.
Rose, of Coalhurst, went to the scene
amd inspected the remains. Their
conclusions showed that an inquest
was not necessary. The deceased
leaves a wife and four small children
in Coalhurst to mourn their loss, also
a -brother, Peter Smith, and a brother-
in-law, Charles Kasim, both residing
here and working in the mines. The
local union, of which deceased was a
'member, took charge of the funeral arrangements and attended the funeral
in a body Saturday. Interment took
place at the Catholic Cemetery, Lethbridge. The Local Union have made
arrangements to cover this expense by
a .dollar levy on the members-hip, the
balance to be forwarded to the widow
and children to assist them through
the coming winter.
■O ♦<►♦♦♦ ^ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦
♦ ' «
Though loyal and patriotic in tae
mining camps around here", we are at
times forced to express our own position to the world at large in order to
find out the truth ami to see for ourselves how many people In this country are willing to contribute a little
towards the unemployed in this section of t/he country.- Through adverse
jo|^iyoiis^vJilelL_haie_£fliifranted _the.
It is rumored tliat work will be very
slack during the coming winter. This
will mean a little more time to think,
and think will mean a better realization of our position in society. Thus
out of evil cometh good.
Tlie mines have worked four days
per week for the laBt inonWi, and at
least wish this to continue,
We have births to record ait tho
homes of Messrs, WarYlner.Coan iikI
Culllman.  They have our best wlBhes.
Mr. It. Hall took over the old pool
ropm belonginr to the lata 'Geo. tee
rounder, and Intrals to make It x
sf-rctss. He will hi phused to see
the boys visiting lii-ji.
Mr. .Martell mover* u!s quarters to
Lo pool room below and will conduct
'.'it business nt the ;k-w address, !.«"»«!•
tet. fire Invited tt loin the cl.i.i.
Dancing classes will shortly oe
started hero for the instruction of
thone desiring to waltz or tango.
Funeral  Director
and    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
COLIMAN    •"■"■WW* ««*    ALBERTA
r,"*X-- TZ2*'** '
Quite it number pulled out thii week
to seek some better quarters for tite
winter. lAke Ttpii-erary, we believe
to such a filaee "It** n long way," At-
mont a pity Uiat we cannot hibernate
llko bruin;took at the saving In eats
aud clothing we might effect
Tommy Steel, the locomotive en-
Sllieer, quit on Saturday and went rent \
right away.
twitfUJ   N--IV..JI., ot   JUl.l.Wlit',   **M>
In -CoHllmrst on bunlnesn this week,
and han arrangH to berom* a partner
with IMIly Hopkins In tlin meat hue!-
"UH" Morgan, cowboy on Uie Mavis
Hunch, bn* quit nnd pone nouth.
Mike Horn got promoted from iwr-
t»r to bartender at the Pacific Hotel a
Itm dtja ago and Verty Miwneer ha*
beta wwjdisi in por'^r. j
Jar* AH-#ii him mov««l from W#at'
I fi -kbrttdtt* to hl» wlntw re*!dene« at <
Coolie View. (Jack should lm cooll
moatSlt there'i '
Mr, Of-tlnnd, barrUter. wnn In Coal- *
l»*r»t 'Monday on btialn«** fonnt-ctri:
witli the Council of Coalfour.t I
Mr. '.McKay, of the eoonKUiy otUcu*
•taft, wtio was tsken IU «om# time
lu. Auifciut, nod  bn*   beext   tnctAtint j
mine workers of Burmis and Maple
Leaf, and are still confronting them
and the workers at Passburg, these
mine workers have suffered and endured great hardships during this year,
and unfortunately the worst is yet to
-come unless, we are given* a little
charity from some source or other.
We have, already appealed to the Provincial Government to come forward
and relieve-the. distress which Is prevalent amongst the mine workers at
the ipresent time.
I believe, that ls If we were in a
position to say, "Die, Von Kluck," we
would lie served out with a beautiful
uniform and enjoy ourselves chewing
at an old biscuit about I>0 or 40 years
old, nnd those who are living on the
fat of the land could very easily send
a pair or two of socks so that we
eould advance after Von Kluck, or
retreat, as tho'case, might be, It iu
a blame shame that those who are
In authority are Ignorant of the existing conditions of the mine worker*
In this province. Fight boys! fight!
Ye«c, against starvation.
The following resolution was adopted unanimously at a meeting of Maple
Leaf Local I'nlon, Saturday, ll 1st Oct.,
WUl'iKKAH we, the mint; workers
and employees of Uie Maple U*-il j
Coal Company, Limited, who hive:
been Idle over two months and with-j
on*, any mean* of tupportlng oiir-j
»fiu*> mnl families through adverse i
time* which box'* confronted ui fer
a considerable length ot time in this
section of the Crow's N'ent I'mw. We
have been employed   about   thrw
months   during   tbe   last   twelve
months, and at the present time we
have no liopH* of obtaining work
elsewhere owing to the fact that In
every eamp there Is « large army
of unemployed
thnt we appeal to the Provincial
(loveinmiiii. tho Int*rinttk)ii**tl ami
l»l»:rlei t'nioiiM, to «M*t«t and n-lluve
ih.« tlintrt-i-M* aniongut on, nnd fmlftt*
»ui tutntt. (ne iiiniiii|n<j.M-ii uirouuii
,ii.;'.I »oiti mil iw iiriMiiti-il
lvf> that it'copy of till* renolutlon be
forwarded to tbe IHmrlct l,<»if|»»r fnr
The mine 'hare is still idle, but there
is a prosprn't of 3 days work this week,,
For the past week a*b#ut a dozen
men were employed filling ashes anil
repairing the track between the tip-pig
and the C. P, R. main line, while the
railway bridges were also strengthened.
Marshal Hamilton, who was employed as guard on the loco, for the past
few years, was asked to resign a fortnight ago. Ed. Joice, stoker, took his
.place, whilst Bd. Moore got the job
Harry Prior is now night watchman
in place of Tom Evans.
The election of a councillor for the
Gladstone Valley Local Improvement
District took place last week, when
Charlie Mitchell was elected in place
of Mr. Cameron. During the election
a fight was indulged in between the
successful candidate and Charlie iMat-
bhews, who was supporting iMr. Cameron. There was no referee, but
Charlie got the verdict.
The -manly art is becoming the rage
at Beaver lately. On Satu-rday might
while the free dance, which followed
the picture show at the Lyric Hail
was' in progress, Elmer Hutff, and
Ralph Vroom quarrelled, the question
at issue being which was entitled to
dance with one of the young ladies
present. Eventually they agreed to go
outside and settle the point in real
jungle fashion. As they did not agree
uipon an umpire. Constable Byrne, of
the R.X.W.M.P., offered his services,
and gathered them In. The following ..Monday tliey were each eased of
$-Jj)0 and costs. Elmer, who claims
that he could have won out in a fight
to a finish, has been nursing a badly
bitten thumb since. According to the
sporting critics, neither gave much
promise of 'becoming a white hope.
The garrison at Beaver 'has been
doubled during the past .week and we
have two constables instead of one.
John Loughran returned to Beaver
Tuesday last week, after spendiing
a pleasant week with his married
daughter, .Mrs. Aaron Cox, of Dry
Fork-. The evening before leaving
John shot a large coyote. (Which
trophy, no doubt, really will convince
skeptics that John is a real sport.)
Jim Crawford was a passenger nn
the Beaver express Tuesday of la?t
week, en route for Bellevue.
Mrs. Harry Drew and family returned by the stage Saturday after spending 10 da>s with her sister, Mrs. Johna-
than Graham. Coleman.
Jack Mnckin, engineer, who hai occasion to consult an ear specUlst r,-t
Calgary, got homo last Friday feelin-g
much better for his fortnight's stay
in the oil eity.
Mro. M, McDonald, who has neen
under treatment at Plne-her (rff.k
.Hospital for the past few weeks, f,ot
1 cine again much ImproveiJ.
Mr,?. TomJCvans, who underwen* an
operation at Pincher Crock Hospital,
on the 24th ult, Is recovering in,- fast
ni eoiild be expected;.
A» reported in the Ledger, October
"Itii, H. Klmer wus nomlnxted for
di'Ugsitu to tliu W. K. of M. Coisvfii.
thn, but on receipt of a letter from
Mlchol statins tlmt Brother tinier wns
a prisoner of war at Vernon, a, uieeial
meeting was called at which Innn*
lliirke, Bellevue, was n-omln-tte 1 Tor
that function, and Hro, Alex. Thaiiison
for neutral scrutineer. Brother llurkn,
however, '.vrotc thanking the Local for
the iiomlnatlon.biit declining t-> accept
It, neelng that R. Levitt wan noinltiMt
ed by hl» Local.
Towards the end of lant week the
writer had owinrluii to visit tlie saloon
bar where he met  Pete th« Packer
; tttmtoer packer) and herorn a  word
wa*   njiokeii,   said   Pete.   "Come   and j
hau« » drink?       After having a t«'* .
, beer* Pete, who wns feeling good, «»n- j
quired If I had awn what the Kdltor;
•aid alKMii our Heeretary In lii*t week's j
Ledger, and  added  tlint  tlie  IMwr |
man should be nnlium-H,,of himself!
for tryins to make wiw* ,|t»a!ou*. P»ti-
theti »»n»|iiiri*d If I read tliw flible, tint
on nie pJeaitlng not guilty, added: Tlie!
I'dSturV  remark*  remind   .in-  *»f  Hi"
»"N\  uf  li.mh .n,l tltr a.ni'i'.    -ImimIi
*itlti be wit* ii great S|»ort. und on ««.<>
n-M'.-lVlt!!,      -tr'll""      )•(•      Jflll      'oil!"     -if   • ■"
limine hid « utmti time. In* tnl'l liN
ml(t* tlmt it a(i aii- miii 11 om-1 ...m, .ml
that be .-wss thren day« In Mie finh'n
belly. "Hut." b*» iiddH, "I know rtifti
In Fertile who t»<l! their when thicker
tales thnn thst one."'   Continuing said
his auto car up this way last week; is
EU Nelson still walking out -with the
girl from the hotel, and has Archie
.McDonald been treating any girls to
the picture show lately? Tell me ill
■the neiws, and o-blige, your old pal,
(Mike doesn't want a letter, he
wants a newspaper of sixteen pages.)
Speaking of whale stories there is
another version of Jonah and the fish
that is not always recorded at Sunday
school, and it is to the effect that after
the whale had s-wuljowed Jonuh he developed a great thirst, which thirst
no doubt was occasioned by the presence of Jonah, and so great was this
thirst that he drank Uie whole of the
ocean dry. As a result the poor fish
—robbed of his native eleaient- caught
a severe chill which developed into
pneumonia, and, during a fit of coughing and hiccuping, he hiccupud .lo:i{th
straight out. Of course neither versions are vouched for bv Biblical authorities, 'but it is just a case of "shallowing," that's all.    Next, John!
Jaw, having completed his work.   Ho
was an active member of the Trades
Council, where his presence and wise,
counsel will be greatly missed.
At a meeting of the ratepayers on
North sidt- held IMonday evening-in
Kennedy Hall, called for the purpose
of placing several grievances before
Commissioner Grave, which have cropped up in his department, Unfortu*
nately he was unable to be present,
and .Mayor Hardie deputized In his
place. The result was that several
took the opportunity of discussing muni
cIjkiI affairs, and many heated arguments were the result.
♦ ♦
Work at the mines last week was
four days, but. whether or not this
month is going to be any improvement
on last it is hard to learn, but so far
they -liave made a better running three
days in succession. There is a.^reat
influx of men looking for work everyday, with no hope of getting it. _
Wm. Thomas Hunt, company weigh-
man at Xo. ,'i mine, has passed his
final examination for surveying and
mapping through the correspondence
G.  WoodaJI, foreman, on
office  left   for. him  home
new  post
at   .Moose
The  family remedy   for  Coughs  and  Colda.
Small dote.    Small bottle.    Bett tince 1830.
I llfcED
Too many women struggle
under pains and aches.
They are not sick—but weak,
nervous, irritable.
Such women need that blood-
strength that comes by taking
strengthens thc nerves, aids the appetite and checks the decline.
If wife or mother tire easily
or look ran down, SCOTT'S
EMULSION will build her ap.
Grand Union Hotel
'     COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wc will furnish your house rrom cellar to garret and at bottom prices,   Csll,.write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you ara aatltfltd, tall ethara.   If net aatliflad, tall ua.
Distant Fields.
A wtAlthy Udy In Onnd Rapid*. Mich* want
to New York to purdiatt furnitwt, btNtviiig die
would thu* get better designs ami fashions.
When the furniture arrived, she found that it
tmA btm marnrftctured in Grand RapMs, a few
dmcks Rwn ner nome*
Distant fields look green, but if you will refer
ttt mir n^vrrtittttg rwfttmttt, j»*»it wm -fitwf thnt j»w
am tuppiy fern want* right here, quite u well «•
by Modiftg your money to mail order or other
out-of-town bouses. Om your own towns peo-
pie a chenct first, anyway.
treotmem nt IMnwmvl rite tfnwXri-tH ~	
\moc* tbm, la row on tli* road to r**\ To Kt«itt Hon  A. U. Blftori.
wvtry,     H« tntftntia *«*,*« on a vl*lt     ot Alberta. Kdmonion, Alta
Kaat to cat fis«Hl op, l>Mr gir>
Jehn tofw Ml Jehu Vimmme poih of m ^0 l4sm-l VniM ta n}fmit] ^
ed oat laat weak and went worth      ytnr t€m.ntm#nt to rellevt. lh«> din
tieert* ttre4ter4 <i«lt rntei man* lv*.
Im*   "V,-,,  i,„-...  •>.   ...  1 HI
I'r-winW i in thn wir V.n <•■ i'iiti»rM n«».<t in !».>*'
• Well, b* Is unit.- a t»itriot now. for nlil
AeUtte tiiwtar Inttruettotia ■l** tim ' *'"• ,n M* lw»'»W"» '"* tiefil i
whtstlliiK 'If* m I>»iik Way to Ttiumr-j
ary." (
Iff. Hun, *1(0 »,. ♦ tm-      '(.Hi*, 'ri.ii. >.!-'
nmn      l!!rJ* W *" **"* m 1tu,\e-*notto>*4 in IHI* «ae.'i»*tp «»»frlwMl..Mfte the Mm-Ut. who InR UiUj
.IlVaI I,#.,M*f#r, "* mMn*      feci «»»t tbiomh atUerte tloiM  »■«;«»"«» • IB0,,,h «°      	
Aht (Tordon t» off work throw*!) j hs|V^ nm w#.„
»1*-fcn*i««« for the ptat tro wi*ka.        ♦
IWaiUlllliI  Lt   >9-999«
.aatout n****m****.
Howlnlrk Ubara la ■miUUon a tte*
ftMlrton to tlw Italia* troevry ttm*
,t*'t IrH^tl-iii VtUliltii, lu A   i»L-A*».V  aXtm'i*.
I H** ako IMeiHla dolna a trtato itn»t
!"*■» aebeol iattiien #aa»ls#e tht
mm* l*«! meek nM town* tMm* in
eem nhtfm.     TItor rtfMffmf a-foinl-
Tlittr.MS»>  Misfit a fr««. ntt^m   *■**
■r,r''*' a'  'M iikwun lutuwin u* U.-.....V
In t* poaltion to faru
, .nrt cif ni mon*".  tn maintain omn-rl-
what rbancen tin r<«
lk**v.fr, Mike wrou--
Aft**r ^nqiilrine
w.m ter »»rH In
"Wh»'ii  I  '*:** 111
(•'♦•rnlo at thi- «H'k<!sil I a*ln>it t'M»
rat* workH ebcul «br#« monih. dur-! •«&» » wp «w"W rvirn-j-wml '!»r«>M«»i
iun tbt' hilt twriw wotiUia.   Au4 Oiai  k',"'«**r ^"'*-   '""'"■ '"'" "" *'"*'
Hum, Mltti'S i\l!l»- .-vi-'i ctly dot-* rtof
\t*. Mil famiilU'*.   And tbat me h»n-
Sj#»*4 r-ssj«*rt», wbm mm mSnn--l
i*t M *bn nitf.n-rtprt.
*p h.iTf ut itffufnt bt*ert Ml* tvttt t*o'
1 --ri-'Si*. «it",v.it t'.-f it**'*, {iro-npeti* c>f
o'.'C-atnlAK worls i>l«*»"iflH»r»", •
tt-n*:*siji <l»-ni yntm tioi+rnmetft niii,
"X." i'.i*. *nt]ty*+-t r*»*«iijf,loa yaor oot*\
l****t rntil tiMHt t-mtmtit '(>ii*!di'rai»»>n.
tfimir* T'tl-r,
■finm. u mahkikj*.
r*'*'i tto« itthi" r
lc miliar with v,w
|r»*.*t prrmtTt**"
wariw-4 Uv tit ♦ t
to write nte a i*
ntat tr'A tn* in* *•
WkMit'^t-r   IHWI    I
lattetyi who I
ti-rwr, xn 1 I.-..I-,
r  •!.*   >.!-iii|  nc  miiri'
I*',.* iini oiftttmU n
•     ".;■      *'*.'!■    .."I -
»:■ .    n, 1  a ti.:  > >u
\S,ff  \if.l<-r  i.ctt   '■**• -k
. •    ilik** To.-ji) ':*. l|.|t|-< .
,., *j* .»*,-., . - * * ni* **,9-9
K!   It' -t'-i-r *i»1kk  »i ti
. '    *   I'm-.-  t' Ir ■     ••
,tTh« Quality Store"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
t«ckic Mine Shoes, Invictui, W-egml nud K MhRc
Fine Shoei.
Call and inspect our complete line of Felt, Leather
ami Carpet 8Hpper* for men, women and children
Child's heavy Felt, leather sole, ankle strap Slipper**
from 35 pair.
tier* \n vmxr rhnnee to jet ft Vwrrp^Ts    Wt :;'■( c.ffi-i
ing a large shipment of Traveller*' Sample* at
Factory coit     Thew include
Ladies' Waists from 00 to 13.00
X,ww*C«*. it.*,** Clt.twtvu'*  -WW^U A uii aiimMu, Avm-
tion Caps, and other wool goods
Our Grocery Department it complete with the choi ;•
eit quality goods
APPLES IN BOXES SI 21* and $. tft
Choice Ontario Apples 16.50 per barr tl
iry a sark ol onr OOLD SEAL FLOUR, S3 CS
Call on «* for Feed Stuffs. Wheal, 8hmts, Bran,
Oats and Crushed Barley
Tho Storo That SAVES You Monoy
»?*• ■* ■ i
x i
• t*\
i7     ■ I
kt 4*1.
B>prtJ,^-a[Pjwg-iMBaBMTw*ff-.^Tiwwiffinw>Trfnw^iw,,*i.i^i*,i«,Mi „,..
af: -
LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., NOVEMBERS 1914      '"'**-  'v      :     '
-.>*i-*.. :-■*>.-l'^b--.  .:.-   y-Wtiv    ■'   ': "   . v»r . -*',.;■ -: -     '    ■-,
LocalUnionDirectory,Dist. 18,l).M.W.A      ^ap js Xjljjjjg \jfaP
No. 2314
. M3fct first and third Frldajs,
Miners' HaU, Fernie; second and
foi:rth Fridays, Club HaU, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.-'
No, 2334
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   tn   the   Opera   House,
Colaman.—J. Johnstone, Sec,
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 1387
Meet   every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren.   Sec,   Can-
nore. Alca.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
.In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Mitchell, Kt'C Box
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in ti-t> Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
utiaehed.—Frank Wheatley, Fin,
Sec. Bankhead. Alta.
No. 1189
Mot  every  Friday  evening  at
' 7.30   In   Miners'   Hall.     -Sick   and
Accident   Benefit   Society attached.—Frank Hariingliam, Sec, Box
1X2, Coalhurst 1*. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
No. 949
Meet every second and' fourtn
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
ln School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of ea'-h month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Siok
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12lh Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In the Socialist Hall.— James
Burke, Sec. Box 36, Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock   in   the  Club   Ball.     Sick
Benefit   Society    attached.—-R.
Oarbalt,  sec,  Corbin,  B.C.
No. 3026
JWeet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall. > Sick and
Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
A few weeks' rest from Business at
will give you a new loase of life, or to those whose time is limited, take quickest route east or west, via the Great Northern
Rtnlway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
You will otijoy all the comfort of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous and efficient employes will make your trip
Before purchasing steamship
tickets, let us talk it over.
Sir Percy Scott is an admiral who
knows his business. At the age of 61
he knows most of the tilings' which
ban ibe learned from a lifelong contact
with naval affairs. He says *n the
English P'mes: "I can see no use for
battleships and ve>'y little chance for
fast cruisers. The navy will be entirely -changed. -Naval officers will no
longer live on fhe sea, but either above
or un-der it." Thus does he sum wp the
influence which the science and inventions of the past ten years have had
upon naval warfare. The Admiralty
authorities hasten to describe tthe
statement as "premature ami mischievous."
■That is what might be expected.
Recent revelations in the British
House of -Commons disclosed the fact
Hi at officials and ex-officials of the Admiralty, bjth in Parliament and out,
have a large financial Interest in the
armament firms, which build ships for
'the navy. It would be directly against
their .material .interest to have orders
for batleships cease, and the vast
amount of capital represented by hat-
tleshlp-iproducing machinery thrown
on the junk heap.
Of course It was "mischievous and
premature" for such a startling assertion to be made by one so .highly
placed, without warning being first
given quietly, so that these .patriots
eould have time to unload on the nation by advocating the nationalization
of their shipyards. However, that is
only a little .by-the-way comment on
the habits of these people. The main
.point is, that science is fast reducing
war to ridicule and sending its engines of destruction to the discard.
As long as the destroying medium
could only move on land and water, internal-! on si boundary lines, guarded
by fortifications of fabulous cost,
amounted to something. With the
coming of the aeroplane and its adaptation to warfare those lines of fortification become eventually useless.
Sea-coast defenses and heavily armored battleships, costing $1,000,000 each
suffer the same fate from the introduction and .perfection of submarine
boats, capable of blowing large battleships and the strongest -booms that
could .be stretched across a harbor
mouth into splinters without being
seen in the process. .With these new
developments the human equation in
warfare becomes less. The mimber.of
men needed is not so many. The
struggle is .between highly efficient
machines 'manipulated oy a tew ex-
Trote BRTwicrTfnsattternvcs-way
to brain.
Xow comes along a still greater invention which promises to finally an-
Inlhllaie the folly of'war despite the
; stupidity of men. Gullio Ullvl, an
U-.ilia.il engineer, by means or electric
waves projected after the 'fashion of
wireless   telegraphy,    has    exploded
mines -buried in the water ten miles
away. Powder was put in a guttapercha bag covered with fiber and
placed in a iporcelain box. This box
was placed In another box made of
asbestos and the whole sealed 'ia a
wrought iron shell and sunk In the
river Arno. The 'machine of Ulivi, De
hind the town of Fiesole, ten -miles
away, searched the river .bed and within thirty minutes exploded all four of
these m'-irce-s. An apparatus built on
t'he same ..principle and capable of
producing similar results -^ at eighty
oal'le-s range is being constructed by
the same inventor. When that Is accomplished, Wih-at will be the use \>t
either battleship, submarine, aeroplane
or fortress for -war purposes?
Thus does war make war on itself.
Every move towards perfection of method Jn war seems to be bringing the
day nearer when it will negate itself.
In this suicidal process it is being assisted by the growing internationalization of the world's financial Interests,
W'hiich always lie at the back of a great
As long as capitalists only invested
in the country of their domicile, they
had not s much compunction about
■making war. Today not one of the
great commercial countries of tthe
world can go to war with another without destroying its capital investments
in the country upon wliich it makes assault. Britain, France and the United
States could not reduce .Mexico to subjection .by war without destroying their
own .property. As Norman Angell
poiftts out in "Tihe Great Illusion'," the
international character of modern capitalization throws the 'burden of the
loss on both aggressor and defender,
and by reason of that Is probably hastening the death of war much quicker
than the peace efforts of the -world's
minority of intelligent men ancl women.
There are .some working class political economists who say tliat in any
case it need not 'concern the workers,
because they only sell their labor power as a 'Commodity, whose value Sn ex-
cihange terms is expressed by wages.
And that, therefore, they do not pay
the taxes which go to pay for the munitions of war. .That may be true,
but it is the workers who have to pay
in lives and misery. And no movement which condemns war as an obstacle to the final consolidation of tthe
For further Information apply to
J.A. MANN, Agent
Bos 461 FERNIE, B.C. Phone 161
The  power to declare, q^jisiv-e"
war shall  rest solely Jn .■theF*!j>eQple,
and sha'U be exercised by tihem.only
■by direct ballot. v.' ,,
.The economic power of the capitalist class would not thereby' be decreased, but -could it fii;e a gun or
move a soldier if such a clause .were in
t'he Constitution?    If so, h-awtf
We now come to the necessity' for
the democratization of our diplomacy.
Without daylight diplomacy, -capitalists might inflame the .people with lies
and make them ■wl-afc to vote for war.
But -suppose the people were to top off
a little more of the capitalists' i>oli
tical power by democratizing dlpto
macy? The President of the United,
States now shapes and outlines
cur diplomatic course and our foreign
policies as he sees fit. v Some Pre
sldents have used these greafy powers
fairly and decently and some -have
abused them. No iPresldenit should
have such powers. They are too closely related to war.        I
Suppose the people were to say: "Mr
President, we will now excuse you
from further responsibility In -connection with our diplomacy, ' We are going to ask Congress to handle these
matters—'and to liandle them in the
dayllgth." x
Suppose we wore to place in the
hands of congress the handling of our
foreign affairs, which we could do, by
tlie way, without constitutional amendments. Suppose Congress were to
eject a joint, 'committee on foreign relations and also elect 'the committee's
chairman. Suppose the fcom.-uuttee'.s
chairman were to supersede the Secretary of State and to conduct the foreign affairs of^the nation under the
direction of Congress. Should we
not -theni have something more nearly
approaching democratized diplomacy?
The Secretary of State Is now responsible to nobody but the President.
He both sends and receives messages
of Uie utmoost importance without
taking the nation into his confidence.
Nobody outside of official ci/cles has
yet seen the correspondence tbat took
place 'between the Taf.t adm.iiDLS.tra-
tion and Henry Lane Wilson wihen
he was the American Ambassjpdor' to
Mexico. Suppose the,'people were to
provide that Congress should n>o*Lonl)'
conduct our foreign policies, tout that
every message sent to American Ambassadors, (Ministers and Consuls,
every message received from American Ambassadors, Ministers and Consul's, every message sent to .the representatives of foreign governments
and every message received from tUb
representatives   of   foreign    govern
working elass can afford to treat the . mentg &houW be made I)Ubu<J by tbe
question of war in That fashion and! cluiirmall of the jolUlt congressional
still expect to 'be taken seriously.
In this matter of war, I want to speak
fort myself, AT., ALL TIMES." I "claim
thi-^ night merely because I am a huu^v
man being. And that makes tihe right
i. • •■'
.Comrades may say that.under Socialism there~will be ho war. But do
Comrades reflect .that Socialism is not
•likely to sweep tihe wold worlid on
the same day? Do Comrades reflect
that there wiil ibie such a thing' as the
FHtS.T Socialist state? In my humble
opinion, the first state that tWos to
Socialism will 'have to arm to the
teeth and whip three or four ol the
big capitaliS't nations before it will be
penmiitbed to live in peace. ,We may
'be sure that the capitalist nations will
exert themselves to .the utmost to
destroy the first nation thaft turns to
Socialism. That is the other reason
why -we Socialists sfrould. stand for the
democratization of the war-making
power. War declared, by a clique
would 'be as haiteful in principle 'under
a Socialist state as it would be under
any other kind of -state.
it lis not only difficult but impossible in a short article to expound and
defend, with anything like sufficiency,
the ideas that I have here touched
upon. But I should like to drive these
paragraphic tacks:
Democratized war-making power
and daylight diplomacy are not liko
patent medicines, since they wjll "not
■cure everything. They would not automatically and instantly end war
everywhere the moment they were
adopted by one nation. Tlie nation
■tihat first adopted tbam might and
.probaibly iwoufld be occasionally attacked by nations in which, tlie war-
making power had not been diemoc-.
rajtlzed. .But for every nation that
may turn to democratized war and
diplomacy, two nations will be spared
from the horrors of capitalist war.
The progressive nation will be spared
and what would have been Its victim
will -be spared./And when capitalists
everywhere are deprived of the .power
■to make war anywhere, the working
class will bave peace everywhere
unless it shall' want war somewhere.
Professor iMunsteriberg, in his new
book, "The War and America," says
that It is the people and not the governments of Europe that are warlike,
and that the governments have often
restrained the people from war. Professor -Munisterberg doubtless believes
this. I don't I have faith in the
peaceful inclinations of the working
class. I believe it is ugly only whe,n
it is Hed to. That is "why I wish it to
be informed as to facts and seized of
the war-maglng .power. **
By tfeiifiert Quick:
We ihave been iold eyer'-impe the:
agitation Hor wpmap- suffrage paA its-
(birth* that women should not. vote be--"
■cause they canlt back up their votes-
by senvice in war. > .
The year 1914 should end this fal- .
lacy forever. "~
There never \yas an atom of sense
In lt. -Women 'have always borne tlie
babies of whom soldiers were made,
kejpt house when the men. were away
at war, -nursed -the sick, bound up the
wounds of, the injured, planted and
reaped, the harvests to feed the armies,.'
•scraped the lint, made the -clothes,
and served the armies in thousands of
ways quite as effective in keeping up
the war aB actual soldiering.
And now they are taking ithe folace
of the men at the front In all the war-
torn nations of Europe. They operate
the street cars and taxicabs, drive the
dnays, clean the streets, act as saleswomen, bank clerks, ticket sellers-
and, in short, assume the full burden
of the absent workmen.
The tools of Uie men laid down, the-
women took up and are using, itthey
add to the burden which nc one but
the women can bear—the heaviest
burdens of human society—ithe bur-
derts^of the tasks abandoned by the
•men. Every woman who does this,
liberates from civic employ a man who
goes to the colors. I am not sure that
she is altogether riglit in serving, but
that «he does serve—as a soldier—
there is no doubt.
lug class in the evolution of humanity
to-waTds world peace is to .point out
continually that the economic interests
of that class are universally Identical
and can not be fully realized until the
folly and stupidity of war have been
swept forever from the catalogue of
hrman shame.—Ex.
committee on foreign relations not lat-
A Plea For Publicity
Controlled By Cannon
dtt -^ft* -(tt^
By Allen Ii. Benson .!
If it be possible to end war except
by endliiR ctunitaUvm, Soolaillsts are
and alwayn have been rtgiht. If lt be
possible to end war, even before capita H*m is ended, Sociall8t» are and -always (have been wrong in their attitude toiitu'il the war question. 1 be-j
lieve 1 can doiiion-suvttt- It Is wrong. I
am goltiK to try to make such a demonstration upon this page.      /
We attribute war to Uie proOt system. We me Uie profit symtein fomenting war In a variety ot ways.
We «ee th« conflict of capitalistic Intercuts, We note the lying of Ute
diploroat'Uts,, the lying of the newspaper* nnd the studied attempts of
not be destroyed without destroying
the private ownership of-capital gives
the capitallsit class Ub war-making
Now, the -fact Is that the prlv-ite
ownership of capital gives the capitalist class no such power. It Is uot
tihe possession of economic power
Uiut enables the -cupl-UUlst class to
niilvo war—It is the possession of political power. 'Nor la It enough to say
that Uve capitalist class derives Its
poll Men I power from Its economic
power, The political power of the
cupltaJUt duJMt can be altered by the
public at will. In almost all parts ot
the world the people are steadily de'
cre«»ilng tho political power of the
•capitalist calss.     Even   in   Russia
Caveat Emptor.
(Let Ihe Buyer Beware.)
"Ceveat Emptor" or "Let tht Buyer Beware"
wai the motto of thc old time merchant. Hii
btuintai wai to get all ht could and give at little
ai ponlble In return.
That wai dlihoneit, of count, and experience
hoi ihown that It wai not even profitable, The
succcaiful merchant or manufacturer to-day ii
thi one who glvea real valut. The dea!ea*o-day
who want* to eetablith a permanent buiineai
knowi that Honeaty ii the belt policy and to
prove that he ii there to itay, he aovertiiei.
You can depend on getting a iquart deal from
the regular and periiatent advertiier.
both diplomatist* and nttwupapetw lojsome wuull step* are being taken to
Icm-ite racial as well hi national hat- < ttearenne the political power of the
capitalist. Hare 1n Amerloa we have
bean decreasing the political! power of
our capitalist clan ever since we became a nation.
We Socialists are alwaya urging the
working cla*i to "wreet poKUcal ipow*
er from the capitalist claaa," Union
we believe mat none of tibia power
can be taken until all la taken we
must believe thot a part can be taken.
If we dM not believe a part could be
taken, we would not place the Inltia-
l muliuD, i <   I •
t*tt**tmit,ti*tr9i i*itt
Thf Watrlet U««er rnmbnn mom readers than any ether pnmr In the Paee.
, We link ouroelvee: "Wby do the dip-
lomnUste lie?" and thu answer comes
back: "Ileeauae the profit ayatom
gives them an incentive to lie." We
aak ourselves: "Why do man deliberately go about It to make other men
hate each other?" and again cornea
the an»wer~"Tbe profit ayatem."
HO far, no good. At least, I shall
not try to acquit the tupltalUt ajra-
ttm of respoTMrtWHty for war,    But I
•hall make the point (and I think It! Uve, tlie referundum an-d Uie recall
la considerable of a point) tbat th*! among our Immediate demande,
tiononaU power of thc capttallet data: W« ara therefore on record aa ke-
and the war-making power of tbe oapl-'Mevlng that the political power ol
tallat riant are not one and ine<<par- the capitalist claaa can be captured ta
able. What I believe to be the error parta ieee tban the whole. Tbla be-
of the party up to thii tlm* l« Ui*t ing ao, it become* of prime Importance
the party hn» conMdered the two pow.) to na to conalder whetber tfhe C{t/pltal-
era to be one aad inseparable. I hit claea maXea war by virtue of Ita
M -*.     M-tl.t    tt**J.**rStttt%9    9»**r    •—%-.    ..rim.,     «.-kn/M«A.M«*t   |A/«<.-i   »>,    ,#-(,M»M.-IK.   **tt   ,t*   -)**ti.*
' '.'lilli- 1"  '*■' tin- /irlvjiK-  o'.vnrrnWji  nf  t'.rnl jto-rcr
! capital that glvea the capitalist claaa J    If It be tbe economic atreoft-h of
I tbe ocraalonal dealra tor war. It le tbe) tba oapltattat elaaa tbat gtvaa It power
Upoa returning from a day'a vlalt
»„ ttitt Xitimn nf n  ■Mtle-ment  ww*»>t
tbt taotber of tba alumtown chHd aald:
mm& .you act like a Httle lady, na
I told jron to dof"    "Yea, mother, I
itkj^ "Well. *l»t did you dof *  "Wby,
I «14 (OJIm lady: 'Does your huaband
drink or apand bla money fooliebly?
Thnt'a  what   all  the  1«dl-»«  ntk   ton
when tbey -eon* around, dont tbayf
TMt etery In napertfutly refwrH to
thoa* wt»0 afcowed audi an eafaeet de-
.->ire te lavaetwata.    Yea; It la aa wall
not to m leeeeeni epos, but if it be
.*uce ttt tbo fooev, tbere'* no reaaon
why gander! ahould object.
vwm Km*1
aai i
political plwer of tba oapiUMat daaa
that gtve» lt tbe ability to reaHte Ita
i     » n ...,-,-*♦*.-. *   *■'    *   »*
might be more difficult to destroy tbe
economic baefe tor tii* deaire then to
deatroy Uie political -meane of eatle-
fylng it, we hare aaldf and I have
said It aa many times as anybody):
"You cannot get rid of wnr except by
to mak* war, no dlmunltion   of  tta
political ipower would   be   sufficient
.. >,. ,'....«..  >,     ,,  ....   ..,*..
*V    l**t9llf**.t     14,     •#> * -1,'* ^     »»«,   y*9.'l V,     ,*t)    «*•*** -**
war,    Tbat la th* teat: If war fan-
at) ftwtlMil I
i IIM**
net be ended without destroying tapl-
taliem ami eapltallam eannot be destroyed wfttwut destroying tbe private
ownership of capital, no dlmunltion
ef tba capitalists' political power
| getUng rid of eapUaHam, because capt>| would be sufficient t* Impair or des-
1 tallum la tbe ca«s# of war  " * trey tbelr power te make war.
*   *   • Xow w* are agreed as to our facta, j for
if mtn "ft^iii"
i I aball venrara to gtre aome reasons
i why I
true. If war eoald oat be Aenn.iti
i without ftret deatroylng -rapttaltam, it
j would <be beeauae tb* power to make
er tlian the close of each day's business.
To give tihe public perfect protection, the -members of Congress should
also be subject to recall. But even
without the recall, how much power
the capitalist elass have to mislead
ns into war if wo ha-d daylight diplomacy? Xobqdy would have voted
for the war with Spain If he had read
tihe diplomatic correspondence that
precoded It—correspondence that wias
not publlshe-d by the govern.ra.e'n.t until
1903, I have recently read that correspondence. It puts a criminal aspect upon the McKinley adimdniatra-
I see no further occasion for emphasizing the contention 'that it la the
capttalUf-s -political power, ra-tlw than
hia economic power, that enables lilm
to declare war, and tliat if this power
were taken from lilm and diplomacy
were democratisied, the capitalist
■could -nether deqlare war nor deceive
the peoplo into doing so. Anybody
who oan not nee this need* but to keep
on tU'!nklpt> It ovor until he doos sec
W-9 may now move on to another
objection. Comrades may aay, tint
ibe plan is Impracticable owing t«< the
difficulty of converting tho peoplo to
It. I liave heard that objection mode.
! do not believe it is well baaed. Not
mudh gray matter ia required to five
an affirmative answer to the queatlon:
"Would you like to eierclse the right
to vote on tbe -question of war, witb
the undemtaJMling that tfhe fighting, If
any, aball be done by those wbo vote t
lor it?" It doe* not seem quite to |
knotty aa tba question of surplus
value, It is a little more Marty trena-
parenf than the question of economic
determinism. When, pray, do we expect Uh* people to undeasUnd Socialism If wa doubt ■tliolr aWlity to under-
stand tha war question and tha diplomacy queatlon?
H w* Sodallrts are not thorough
democrat!, we are either fool* or
frauda. But we bav* forgotten to
give tb* democratic principles a* wide
an application aa wa ahould five lt~
and aa we mm give It tf we ar* to b*
a f»wer agwHist war. What Miy to
talk of our International aoHdnrity
wbe-tt secret diplomacy five* our *co-
nonrtc -Miem-le* the -power *o to mislaid tta that <v* rail upon on* another,
U*V„    t99*4*9l.V.i    9lH,,.l.t.9>m    ^4.9941*...     W    ->•**-
JumMMr-fl TViri^-'V-Vip nre xitm faWiii?
upon one another cannot be blamed,
but we can and should lw Matted If
iwe permit aoch a calamity ever again
to oocur exrept over our protect. !Tn>
■i,., '   .. , i.   >...,,,•»*. .t
lennrtng from experienc* we abouM
now know .tbat tii* waranaklng power, when held tn capitalist banda, la
th* power iwlth which the Interna-
tiooa) solidarity not only of th* Bo-
etallat party, but of th* working class
In general can ba deatrojwd.
Mowovpr. tbere In anrtber reaaon
deanorraitltlnf   ib*   wermaMng
'Aixi perihaips I should add that I do
.   **M*\i   ikftHftirft   n     l^iHol    O^nUUpt tP   bit*,    rtn
-«iwfvvn \r r**/r—%m—m-vag im- i^wiwnirvi—im.—na ro—iM**"
tion has been actually 'fired- upon,
TMie wholesale thievery exposed by
the government probing into the New
York, New Haven & Hartford railway
".business' hae hardly ceased to be a.
nine days' wonder when the dear, easy
people are regaled wiMi more stories
of 'loot in the Rock Island investigation. It appears that nearly everybody
who amounted to anything officially
had a salary of $2ii,000 or more .per annum «nd expenses to begin .with, aud
then enormous amounts of -plunder
were pocketed by various buying and
selling schemes as well kndwii to our
.patriotic railway magnates. One little
job alone netted $210,000,000 for the
burglars on the [irst floor front. They
bought stock at $90,000,600 and watered it up to $300,000,000 and sold, or
course, It was the wealth-producing
power of the laboring people and fawners of the West particularly that enabled the financial bandits to get away
iwlth the swag. An interesting feature
•aibout all this iprobfng into liigh-qlass
capitalistic robbery is that nothing
comes of It. Every few days or -weeks'
we are told that'this or thart group of
amlnanlli.   roag-naxtalila     h-naillfi*S£_
should hasten to his local and ask it
to initiate a referendum as to \v*he-ther
tihe nation* should declare war. The
power to resist actual physical assault
without consulting the people should
remain In..the hands of the Congress
and the President.-—N. Y. Call.
quickly (top* coufhs, cures colds, »nd ne«U
tho throat and lunn.      is *"" —*~
aa cent*.
stole a comple of hundred millions here
or there, and then that's all. The e. r.
b. m. would probably consider it an
unwarranted insult If anybody suggested or mentioned the word jail In
their presence.
Jails are only built for the bone-
heada who steal a ride or a bushel of
coal from a railroad, not for those
who steal the railroad outright and
use it as a plundering wucWiie. And
that's wliat the people vote for-™-they
get what they want.—Cleveland Citizen. • ,.--.■- /■;
Who is Your
DO you ever consider
the importance  of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
Will ooonwdet kindly tell me howl power-* reason tbat apparently Mm
boNev* thlf eutemnu In not ith* «apU*ll*t daaa of the fnlted Stat-j not yet occurred to SodaHata.    W«
*a could mak* war If our diplomacy nhoaM democratts* tt tor th* aak* of
wer* democratised iin a way that I i tb* ftret atate tbat tame to floetalieB.
shell ipresently aet forth» and tb* fol-11 ahooM aa much object te bein* aaat
war flofed directly from the private I lowing paragraph wer* written m*o **> <inr by a Hocialiit Congress at !
ownership of capita!.  Capitalism <«n-(the Oonifltaiton of the tTtrited States?' thonM by nny other Mttif of Congrest,
If you want really hijrh
class prinUng-the kind
we always produce-try
us with vour next order
The District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:    Fernie, B.C.
/ ' S,dT^
i jl   ITWip—S
- - SSr"J*''A'-y*XX"i ■: t^-y-y.-. i,
. <r\ , '»'■'■«.">».4'»ij y ' '''■■;l*";1r',',''*""Tw*aww|^i!|W
■ j
-■     :    -•■    Ay.S-:d.ji.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Cigars ~
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Fernie-Port Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers E»
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
The Weary Pilgimage
of one ofthe fcumber
Trusts Victims
..After Tramping Eleven Thousand
Miles to Collect Three Million Signatures for His Father's Pardon,
Young Oeitz May Secure the Release of an Old Fighter Who Faced
Bi/llets in Defending  His  Rights.
By Chester M, Wright
Full supply of ■ following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sausages for tomorrow's break,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phom 86 wood Street
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry.Goodi, Qrocorloa. Boau and
Shoes, (tents' Funtlablngs
Some day very soon a young strapper of 24 years, tanned, hard «,s nails
and clear-faced as an Indian brave,
will walk up to the White House and
ask to see President Wilson. He >will
have with him a petition signed by
3,000,000 (people. To get these si-guu-
*ures this terribly earnest young man
■lias walked 11,000 miles during the
last four years.      \
The young man is Leslie Deitz, and
the petition is ifor the pardon of his
father, John Deitz, "Hero of Cameron
Dam-," now in the Wisconsin' -state
prison under life sentence for murder.     ,  "     .       ■
The story of the Deitz family forms
one of the black pages in iWscon-sln'a
history—one of the pages reminiscent
of the days of Lumber Trust domination and brigandage,
Up -in Sawyer County John, Deitz
owned a bit of land. Through It ran
the Tornapple River, across which
was Cameron Dam on the Deitz premises.
The Chippewa Lumber and .Boom
Company needed tlie Thorn-apple river
and Cameron Dam in Its business. For
seven years it conducted a wanare to
get it, and John Deitz and his family
defended their .possession. The battle
raged in court, where the eld fighter
-.finally won his clear title. It raged ln
ether- ways as well, and one day one
of tbe young children died from
poisoned drinking water taken from a
spring regularly used by the family.
At another -time a posse  of  men
suduenJy appeared  in  a  field   where
John Deitz and his son Clarence -were
loading hay.     The men in the posse
were city alley thugs, dressed in uni-
fcrms of the  State  National  Guard.
The men were not members of the
i guard, and it is not clear just how
jQISjfwere. provided    with   *un4forms,
j Mary tilings tliat "law and order" <na
j in those days are not clear.     They
| weren't to be, ittseems.
j    Dletz was cliargert with cr:me after
| crime.'    Finally he sot the reputation
I of being a "bad man."   After he got
■ that reputation It was easier for the
) Lumber Trust to wage Its war.   Lunv*-
| ber trusts ore farslghted.
"i    Early In 1900 an election was .being
5 j held ln Winter, Wis.,   twelve   miles
I" j from the Deitz farm. Uelu went to
vote. 'A lumberjack picked 'n, fight
! j with "Bad ..Man" Deitz, got htm down
j I and put' -heavy, hob-nailed boots on
i\ his face. Delist managed to -twist an
j I arm around and get a gun Into jwhI-
J! tion. He sent a .bullet through tine
'■ lumber jack's arm, lie could hnvr<
j killed the assailant, bm be didn't be-
j cause, he said, It wasn't n&cewary.
Hut that- seemed to give the powers-
i thiu-were the chartce to finally get
{ John Deitz off his land—the chance to
i got that prised river und dam. A war-
] rant was sworn out once more for
"IPmIh Delta. And nobod) tbireA io(
' serve it. The braver) ooteil out ot j
I ever)- -nun who wnn asked to serve
that warrant. "Bad Man" Deitz would
surely UU any one who went to serve
that, warrant
' Hut unbiased parsons kne.w then ami
know now that the old man never
touched n person that didn't lint
touch tolm. He waa square and open
and fair, and that warrant could Imve
been served, ao any nutn&er will tell
you, without any trouble.   Only there
wife, to whom' a child 'was born a' few
weeks later; Leslie, tlie grown son,
ajid the two little tots, a girl of S and
h-and-scme little Johnnie, not quite 7.
' "Shoot tlie first person that cornea
out of the house," was the ordw to the
armed -riff-raff of lumber _. country
thugdom. They didn't do .that because
even they didn't have the nerve to
shoot an unarmed man wiio was
standing perfectly still, unaware of the
presence of danger. But Jiere is w'iat
did happen, and the picture conies
up in,-my mind today as clear and
striking as tlie reality of four years
au,o In "that desolate pine country of
Wisconsin1. Leslie, this same,'lad who
is on his way to see the President,
started from the cabin to round up a
stray cow. ;His task took him straight
toward Uie muzzles of two'rifles'.
Every'person dn the group of news-
i.-aper correspondents, deputies and village curiosity seekers who stood*-just
back of the firing line in a group of
trees knew what would have to happen. Steadily the boy kept on> aind
every watcher 'breathed hard.
The two rifles biazed .point blank at
tihe -lad when -he was '•- a short fifty
yards away. But they missed, somehow. Just an instant pause, and
then theiboy turned and ran zigzagging back to the cabin in -a perfect
hail of 'bullets. From that instant
until 4.30 ,tha*t affernoon the bullets
tore through the log cabin amd the
frame-.barn. 'The ■mather-toJbe lay
prone on the floor all day, as did the
younger children, pleading with the
father and -husband to surrender. Tlie
father and grown son braved tlie train
of steel-jacketed lead and answered It.
.Then a .bullet shattered one or the
old man'* wrists, It was late afternoon. ' The long siege was telling, the
case was getting hopeless, even before
the bullet found its mark.   But, with
his wrist useless, tiie pleadings of the
wife and the little ones .broke down
his grim determination and he sent
theJittle girl to the door with a white
ctotih in surrender. Proud old fighter,
grim old lover of justice and of his
lights as he saw them, here was an
hour when" his spirit was hiunfiled and
his .power gone.
They .handcuffed him and his son
aud took them away in the dusk, a
greal, hulking figure, mysterious in
tlio shadows of night, but harmless,
a iriscner.
Ou! on 'tlie battlefield where the
deputies had been they found a dead
man afterwards. His name was Oscar Harp. He was shot tiirougli the
head. They charged John Deitz .with
the .murder and somehow thay convicted him in eourj, and sent lura "over
tue road" for life.
There is good grounds to believe
thai the dead deputy was brought
down by a member of his own posse,
since deputies were ranged in a semicircle, with two ends of the line firing
towards-each other. And it appears
to liave been pretty definitely- established that there .wasn't a gun in the
Deitz home that fired the kind of bullet that went into the head of Oscar
But John Deitz is in prison. And
the real, de&p-dowai reason that be
is in iprison is that he fought a great
■trust and balked it in its greed lust
and stood fast for what was his and
that he had courage, and that h?
owned Cameron Dam. Thais the
real rtason. The great trust never
cared anything for ithe 'life of a man.
I don't kneiw how much about this
young man's story the President
knows. I dlont know if the young
man will ever get to see the President himself, and I don't know how
much chance there is for the liberty
of the young man's father,-but I know
that thousands iwho know the black
story of it all will 'be. wishing and
hoping for him when he ends his-11,-
000 mile iwalk at the White House
door and unrolls that petition of 3,000,-
000 names—names of Governors, mayors, senators and just plain folks from
everywhere who love liberty and a
fair deal for a good old fighter.—X. Y.
In This Dark Hour of
recall Savonarola and Roosevelt and
'Peter-the-Hermit and Mrs. Eddy and
Helen of Troy and Evelyn Thaw and
Cassius and Huerta, you feel there is
something to the Philosopher's views,
But the stranger argues just the
same. • He buys eggs from the Philosopher, and with the immemorial
custom of the trader he converts every
occasion cf purchase into an oppor-
tunity for argument.
The war in Europe seemed a magnificent opening. But the Philosopher
parried bravely at first.
'"I have aLways known," he explained wiith reluctant severity, "that
one -man will kill another .man; that
fact, has been established ever since
Cain IclMed his brother Xow, it is a
matter of no importance to nie whioh
one is killed, or ho.w many. There is
nothing new in it.i I have always
known that man is a murderer."
Tilien the stranger said In Ms neart.
"I will educate tbls man." So he
read t'he -war news to the Philosopher
with brutai assiduity every evening.
It-was on the evening of that day
when the allies broke the power of
the invaders and the newspapers
dipped gore and viscera from seven
front page colunms, that the end
■The stranger was \ftppy, he had Che
greatest story of the war to read to
the Philosopher that evening. ' He
found the Philosopher sitting on the
dobrstep of Ms small house. He was
lost in contemplation of nature. It
was such an evening as might well
impress even 6 a matter-of-fact outsider. The sunset splashed crimson
waves over the fields. Above the poplars at the end of the* Philosopher's
garden a cloud with a savior's face
was dying in agony. Xear -the porch
rail by the Philosopher's side an aged
rose 'was nodding its last farewells to
two ■bright rosebuds.
When the outsider saw the Philosopher steeped 'in his dream of peace,
his heart softened. He put the paper
into his pocket. Another time, he
thought, -would do just as well.
The Philosopher hailed him with
the hiah sign of brotherhood, the uplifted palm, for he excluded no man
that evening.
"I say," .began the Philosopher when
the outsider had sat down beside K*m,
"I have been reading Uiosp newspapers you left behind you las.: night.
The outsider was awed. He did not
speak. He waited In solemn silence
to hear what the wise old man wnuld
^JJLJJl^ULlhlij-Jilfl-riil t.fi-tt.iy*,**!
Directory of FrateAal
Let Us Not Forget It!
For the next few months, or It may
be years, some fifteen millions of men
in Kurope, the physically best, those
who should be the fathers of Uie next
generation, win be engaged In killing
one another, In starving the rest of
the population, in stopping the production of useful and necessary
things, In destroying the Instruments
of productfon, In pulling down all that
has beeu laboriously 'built up during
a quarter of n century of European
■peace, Xpt one of the men employed
In this work of deatrtwtlon wants to
perforin. It; not oue of theni knows
how It -has come a-boiit that ,lte Is performing It; not one of theni knows
what object is to be served by performing It, The non-combatantt* are
in the name caso. They did not fore-
nee tills, tliey did not want It, they did
not choose tt, Tboy were nt-vcr cm-
rulteil. ,\'o one In Kurope desires to
<*e engage-D in such work. We are
»atie pettple. But our acts are mad.
Why? Because we are sll lit the
hand* of some  score of Individuals
minds aud hearts of all right-thinking
and rlght-feellng people. It has not
been able to cotnrol events, partly because people do not control governments, -partly because people have not
learned to co-operate with one another. But all men not blinded by
theories know that the power to whi-ch
governments sacrifice nations is an
idol. In no real thing do the interests of nations diverge.
What drives .them' Into war is abstractions; and what gives the abstractions life Is the belief in them.
Such abstractions are power, presilge,
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Xoble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mclklejohn.
meets first and' third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m„ in K. P. Hall.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays In
each month.
,   John M. Woods, Secretary.
Ferule, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in tbelr own Hall, Vic;
torla Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcliffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
'■ *'  M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
Meets   every    Monday   at
7:30 p. ml, in K. of P. Hall.
' Dictator, F. H. Xewnham.'
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. p. Hall
second ami fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m. -
W. ORR, Secretary.
, Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K, P. Hall first and
third Fridaj" evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited,
J. SKILLIXG, Rec. Sec.
"Ami I seo." tlu Philosopher went
o'i, looking into the sunset, "that the
war in Europe has rai-scd tho price si
eggs. The do/en you ordere*! last
nipht .will cost you S cents mo/.'.' •-
X. Y. Call.
Third Quarter
A. Macnefl 8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors-,   Notaries,   Etc
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Compiled by Thomas Graham, Chief
Inspector of Mines
The rcj-orts received from tite'Dis-j
trict Inspectors,of Mines and from thej
operating ccmpanles show thnt »lWf- j
were five (*») fatal accidents In and j
honor, In the sen.se In ■which nations! around the coal mines cf the Psrovlnee :
use the word. These are ghosts of a dnr|ng. y,e iMT{} ,llUirt».r of the year, j
dying age, but ghos-ts that are not, yet coal Mine Fatalities I
laid. What hi real Is labor. Iiitelli-j Fatalities for months of July, Aug-!
limce, Imagination, and thc fruits of hist mid September, T>; corresponding j
these are common to all men.   But i"1 ji«.ricfl of last year, 1. i
these relations the life of passion -A. \Uml^r or fntjil nf.-Mem* far first!
only beginning to flaw; along tint ol■■! J „;,„-. „,<>„.♦ j,, ci; oorresi»oiid!iiK jM-rlod ;
tliiiiiii-t'l*, once  they  arc  opened,  It {0f |nSf .Vear, 23. ■
flows with fatal font..   Wl war   be j    t'*oiiforli » .where aceldfMw occurrH j
declared, mid every individual iu a na-),,,,„} month—Hosmer. January, i: M*
tion i* ready to lay d&wn tils goads fmnryt ....  Michel: March, I.   Cumber-1
and hi* life.     That is why to aome j ,Htul) Pftmiary, 2; April, 1; July, l;
ncble men  war appear* as a noble-; ge^cm-ber,  I.   Nanaimo:    .March. 1\\
thing.     Hut whst makes It so Is the; Auitsmt. ;i.   Tolal, 13.
e. a Laws Alex. I. F'she*
Fernie, E C.
rilM   government*!.      Somo   score j passion tliat is misled Into its service, j    Causa of fatalities—By fall of root
||  THE     |* H   ggM1894
among Uie hundreds of millions of Bu
roneans. Those men have wilted thia
thing for ut over our tteads. N'o nation haa had tbe chance or saying Xo.
The Russian peasants march becau*e
the Tsar and tbe priest tell them to.
'waan't« man there who had th* nam Tb* of course.   But aqually the der-j
Thtf-t ore many hundreds of wb«Unti«) mingf Kcountt
with the Homt Bwlt that war. etj»Ud y«*ra «o with •
iepotft of «M dolUr    Y«tf dolU» l« nitrnjo wtkemo.
Fall compevnd int«rMt p«i<L      - t*
VIOTORIAAVI,,        - i- -4- F1NNII   B. O.
to tako off hi* |un and walk unarmed
up to Johii' IMts tind m,-, "John, I've
got a warrant and you must oome
with me.
Ao Sheriff Mike Madden, food-na-
tmt-4 enoufh. good-hearted -enough,
big and Joti). and not at all liking the
job, waa driven- to remilt a poas* to
surround the little cabin of John IMti
xmux aoclifllsts march;   equally   tli»j ——
Frvucli Socialist*.     These ttinn know .    Hn is a l»lnlaw>Wier.
what war means.   They know what Its«and a peach oirlwrd.
That irassion Is nwded for tbe n«ljana rocki S: 4:ort«ai»o«4ln*K iw-riod of
things, for the good litsteart of the evil,; ,„„ ymTt u. ,iy tMn of wai> ,. ,,or.
for tmUi instead of lies, for love In- j reg!)0ndlng period of la«t year, 2. By
atead of hate.—towea Dickinson In i m\m mrs m^ hsulate. •>: mru'tiimA-
The Nation, Utidon. Kng. | }„•* ,,».ri0,j 0f \mt yeAr, t. Hy utttiti'u-
, j;^;i ,^  ,,^,_i. tUJi#> ^_   iuiiL)9iH)iti'.t, m |»«'J*
OUT OF THt WORLD j hM| 0f jaPt y».„r, t    Hv rHurn'ng "n
tl«ip*p|fi<|m| »l-o».
Will Soon Bo Horo
Wt can aupply your netrfs In
either ceal or wood heatera.
Call In and look over our stock
of range» ami heaters before tha
cold weether arrives.
He keep* Iiciiui
The hens lay i
effects must be.   Th^y hate it.    Hut;"****, »nd fh«- \»t*b tn*** lay eater
toey tmreb.   Ihnrinesa mnn knowing
too. hating too,  watvh them  ma*r*h.
and welt for starvation.   All are |w»-
f rlcM.    The die bn*   been e»*t   tor
them.   The crowned gambler* tnnt it.
ao that the stvenyaar war of Sawyer| ««"« *he r»st ws* d*ath. \
County wight he ended. Kor what, thrn, tiff fiicM- gamtiUmi
tome fifty men worts -Aeii-Mmil ami, i.l.i>i»a*   Kn-rb **>* he in vmim tor,
arweri to the tooth.  VteA Thornbahn.
♦ 'rolj#r »c»l#*r, w«» glv*» a-^lv* -eem*
'v.-x tt:
Kneh mays the otb»r Is play-
|K. ■* rf.
w* ,.i:.
*,u.t  ',*ttr.ie * f
pillars,     Ttiese he handles fentl).
iwflts n Philosopher.
He lives In a «ommmi)ty, along
wHh other ItfOple who believe In d*1-
mocrs*'}, and cannot si snd lt: who
have fled wu of the wiirld lite tin*
il><v<>u' i»f «>ll Onl> ib-t diti't !»*<>
in ihH <"om'mii;ilt.). Tli.-,. k<-«;* l.< ..-
nintPiiil wiih citerplllar*.   »n*l    pre-
Th-" f*hllo*.'->i*li'',r f* t-hi*. %'.■■• <t***>r
•Minis «1 them all,   bring   tb"   tnr>*i
List of Locals District 18
^•JIWMi tf^mo BW-^P *e w0e tmN^^^^9m
•mttm AMi Uteo........ ttm. Maui. Ibbm, AMa.
bnmtoi. 9. Whattl«r, OaaMMti. Alt*.
ewm*e<r -*V»*tr t *ttto-tfnr*e. W***** <*«>">, vh Vls.7*
tMat_t,,....f...... .Jtmte BurU. Dos M. B^tovwa, Alia.
Maltmir W». Archer, Blalmonr. Alu.
tmm - T tt. ttnntne, Pneebem AMa.
C*i^oW4le.... J. MUobeO, VnibonAti*, Cnlaaaaa. AHa.
OlgMOfl............... sfMNMN WWIWt .vMMHI^ AWL .
Cotewaa-,...,,n.......i.e. -tmteem. vtmmuA ami.
CtxUn  R. Oa«&*it. CoiiWa, ».X.
Chttetk Umm.. J- Krmn. Cbiwoob «hi«o OaaaiMtrre, Alta.
t'wftte..,,,.,..,..**,,..t'boe. tyJniii, k'owNi, p. tl.
Fraa'li......».»»»..»*«#»l5*at ItorettO, ftoMb, Abe.
H!lkr*« Mark «tlgler, llllktwat. AIU.
l^bftrfflit,, ■*. U Moore, tm tttm ixrnnnt. It. tntAbtlieo
1/tbbrtt.tt tmrmtrn. * ..fm* nerrl«th«», Ooalborat Alia.
Sl*»4* tmt. t. m. ttnntne, fnoebmm, AIM.
l^'Ul  B-Uui'd,  tkaxtL UUiMtU lit. C,
pas-don. ..........."T.O.IterKMbPaailiii'i.AMa.
Tab<»r,  A. !»mi*»m»n. Tabor, AJta.
rteortMown. Cnnn*et*,..Vnt Hwt»r. OeeirtM-vwn. Oiavora. AHa.
ftraiMa Mivet ..Harrr MrKewoa. Nocd^f. tta RMfty
ala Htmnn. AHarta.
'•i»rrp-«j«!»n!lf!>g ;/<-r
iod of laur yi»ar, «   liy *l#«triclt>, l;'
rorr-wtiKMidinv i« rlinl of la*t y»»ar, h.!
K!lk-d or* rwitlci Hy colu.'.-av*»n
larry, l*
Kilhd In xiisfts |l>- ran*, I, Hy
falllnjr off bucket, I,
Metal Mlna -FaUlitles in Dritlsh
To'nl nnml»f»r of m#i« klll« t iti .ui.l
»'»wi« th*> nt-»**.sl w'niHi of It »'* ••"» tx
third quarter of 1f*H, ">; rorm)t'>ndlng
t»»»rloi! of last i«*sr. ',',. To'nl for Hi..
flrtt liin* mtJtn'b*. 19; *«rr*'*i*.»»<1H.*e
\i**r*,tvi ttf t't*-' )<• it, in
Mint* v,-fit-r*-' -sr-i-ii!*-.-':.* « ,-un-nl ■
H iiii'i.i r «"arili'W. \Vi,<*f Kuo'i'U'i^. J*i*
iwri, i; W*r K-tgi*1. VV Kootenai', Msr*
I; HWlwa tiAaak, k'A**'Ml, VUrv'-> 1,
Jun#> t: Mttwet-tteoom, H*-«»i»».t»rv Ma*
t: «>nir# «tsr. W Ko«rt»«ii»r. At*rtl, 1".
H4*tt«tt«.  iniMua»«>.   vu.     I.     ,\ ck-1
I'iai*. t**0$tm*.. M*x, 1, *Monsr«"h,
ttnttntnto. last.*- !, ti»*iA>, nvniiiat),
,1m* 1, Jul/ 1; Hrititmla. VaA-rawvrr.
laac^l.    Uetlo lomptd and rsn In s; of m ibia. rcmwion m»n at* toot*   J*9» 'ttnen win n-Mem*ti or* ww • *•}*> Jw(> ,   JtjJ(   ,   tu,ia*u ttmn, vs»'r.
*mttft  +*f   ftiMt.  t*-t.  %*,..**   ,.>*.-t:.   .....  ;r,; •;.  ...  ,-;•     y,t„     ' «"■♦-'••• '•'"''''■  .'.--.-■'-<• " "   -, imtt t.
unhutt, [And not only th* nalt-r*    K»»ff *■*)••»••»■*«*>m prlt>* m **u ***2 ^'   t%ne* ot <u**th   Hi kicking or drill
Tbm H waa that the country tow* I n»a»t *»o bn* been sowing mMniat {** * J* **** *««^«»fi*« lfet *w*' n*1' i mR »„,« unetpUaiaA ^wdw, I; b>pr^
thcr» waa to ha a Itaiab lo Uw thing. *nd hatred tetoem nations, every hia-1 •••*****     m* J<MM"* m"'tt"**   ,
Mym. *uff«ctog tocrtblr. wm k^M It * tortoa who Im* tw#d hlatory to gtertfy j * «Utetwnieti*m. or i» » mn*r*ot
bett* rem Hi Wtotar tet ttmt thiw; or ai«t«fteo for war. ntm tmn who ;*»*•• «w "» of a **u*r*nt tn**,   or, jf|t (J| ^^ ra|##1> wl||
! |m» tialtad tmtttm nt the rom ot rem-}***** W» ««*• • *>«• *«r » AUtntmt, h, f)fr, nf p^i|f!ff ,  %	
. i vcn#r»bl*» and th* moat i»#h ullar    ll««
itwtnd,   IWts kn*w nothlnf ot all th!*/ *c nt* mitting »g«r*.«,»kiti.   S\» ma>
•ml oa October A, l»»*, ho «imt hi* \ t*e mr* tbe <i»rman« do n«» b*tl*x* It
tbrao grown children to Winter fn s ! of »»   Wo
wa*o« to g*t tb* ttmnl mutt.     Infhlalsom    MV mny !.«» aitr<» tln>y do not'"*"' "•• r*",f' ""' ^wpaP^*
wagon www   Claww*.    I^»»»ii»   snd | bi»llcv«» If of tbcinxclvcn     llctilii 1 ihr
Myr*.    At a tomriy apot Ibet* mm*; action
♦** t.r.~*,-i,.» "ii--I   ./• ,.,...: •„    ;...,.„   ,.:,. -,_, 4
I fer* m**e wa* s fSn^f" fnr fti-.vV-'   I***" < *    TMi^u'   il
IMng |in»»»«»ft for hi* r#a*f.n« b>
of all th** government* Is"•' 'm^m *«»acr *b« b%i*itt*m u
*»! (
■ > ..-a
' i'
-*i m
. -J
w«ii| «fb«i harhiNl and Myra wa* »b«« ' *Imi* »bn txaaslon^ of fcs/aa.1 cujjM ' "W"T ,,no"'n "" r,*,", "'" Wr'~
tbtoogb tm body. Ctarwcw waa -AotJlty. fhb»d tfe» m**bmn I* t«M»whaleI ",*''* '* B*MW,,B *** w »at»i»a.»»g
tbnwgh ito ntm, mmmm ent plactd j long and tragic hlttory of snaaWnd.l* *•«•» H ha. »»cen #w»Wlnh#d «wt
i- AAA.     t^,t- JlAZ* .-j. —_ — ^)'«« ^.i .•.!-   »—-.—, -«„ — i«i,   John June* will blacken bis wlf*'» *x*
! a* If tt *n*t* momctbing tbt world had :
- matare bisst*. V. by g*s*stng or unffo*
j cation frvm i»»*f««r torn**, »*. by f»lt-
etr.. I:
day* aari tbm taken ta Ashland.
I eMkbtf mm aw«y. lying oo « cot m.
I Um Ooar ef • haggag* ear tn whfHb
I trmrnl  guana* namAm  not  ibmynich
•*tflh Wew ttm draft from *rM*wn
•*Mkiw». **T»ia l« * b* al «f * *»y m
treat n wwund^t girt," wild the Atrtor
In charge, to wbkib tlw depsty   t»
t-^argo r*i»lM. "H* ntmn   ef   imr
Oa Uw bttaM. Indian ttmm*r m*m-
intt of tHtrA+r |rt th<> oordot. if r>itj
i*mtOm aanrvwswMi the tm.u
ready to finish their work.    I:;
IMtle let cahto «tore loim fv
Hardware and Furniture
'Phone 17
firnii . ka
ton, b* nu mvomttlk-ti J« thl* trUm,! ****•*. but
lt Is thn* tbst wwr hss rem* «bow H1 *•* *■*•
U"b»* -(an wsr mih**re*   It .1* on rrn, ,.i•'**,,   «l««***»?<*'"-''?
ll i« -sill thf *«»)«*
|. ra^D.^* Thst hat b*en!
Th%'    tf*i-.*i-4    tVS. '
\**y for the dlarwiw W is lnteo4ed to|«acto« hi* wife'* ,>*/ Wh» ***** »!
■ tot*. It m-MPt-l) -ti-tw-1** m* ttfn4tUm*i '*^*b tlww* n.;y. .'>■? '•■■ ' •'■ *'■*■■■> ■
• tor »iM>tb*r w»r,   Th* *tat*stw|Hi* t* 1 llawf {
ImUrb mm er* »imt*4 mmt prtamrrl    Aad ll i» ii»# -»»»■- «<••• Ph.b»«o»*er:
inrakwUMe evil*,   ll ran not pwdoe* I •fldalw. witb pot .iu • **e t*mm a»d
. *ny w««l mum tt mm<t pronm* ml*** ••» »««^'"««  ^1 *"»*"" '^ j
MeMwimenf      Rt    en-Hghtenmebt    t',. ,.., ;  ,    j     » '
hanlage, i   b$- rMnralng on «!»*ti*»i
f.'j ■'Aiii'ii.. '
KilJ#*l .«*♦ ti -ii tne* Hv tUiOa mt lerk
eXt qosrry fa**-. "*•■ by A^eti1 't%ti***,*.
ii',, ■*•!'in i
ttt9   t'A *f** •*•<
ni'i'' -mwid
Slll'lt *'.|t*   I
* .'
tom.*-', mtm,m*nu ol n dlfformt ea*e#i*iio»
t',' ' ot gwHey to tbst nhSefc mn i»rrr*ll».
fx* pew re'•>r-c-.-tl"*:)  '.t V'*r*'. in
 ***** tmmm **.mo tmm
'-tmm tm tmmmi nm wme, m «»wn |
j t»k,i,» liwm t»-"tt't*-a.
I t*r*t* fmas 11 -r. u'.
i nun)   tnerA.i
\r it,*
- -ti
boat.   b«*   mint
S. i*   ft. »t >   i \;.' ' • "i
bo*   ft«» ■   ■»*•*
■ ;«   «s<te>t.   H'»*
h'-met  t»t».'»  eier>   4*f
IU* t.*n*%*lmi with  ite-  t**t  H'lne*^
t^4|UM*M-» AImI  t is»I»
IHSlMt  tuntst   t\ < tiNMXTlOX
*ird tbis «itm!
m tMjffy    '■'■ X.i y^t    ./■    .■■■••■•        -   -■    , '■    - . ■ :J*^XAy.'-yAAS SX'AjA, \-S\X-S'    ' "-«■ -■;-.- ■ •■; ~X:   - '-'       'X "■ ■--  -
r ■
We  are always at  the front with money saving opportunities.    Take advantage of this week's
special offers in the men's department
Here is a chance to make a big savins: ou men's
flannel shirts. This is an extra heavy "flannel in
navy blue, very strongly made with collars attached. All sizes from H'A to 38 in stock. This is our
popular $1.50 shirt.
On Sale Saturday at $1.00
Stanfielil's Ribbed 1,'nderwenr for Boys of all
sizes. Kveryone knows this extensively advertised
line. It will not shrink and will outwear any other
make. "We usually sell this line at $2.00 per suit.
Our Saturday Price will be $1.50 per suit
yien's liest quality Slicker Suits on sale Saturday
at $2,50 per suit
All sizes in stock in both yellow and black.
Boy's Heavy
Just the thing for that
rough boy. A good heavy
quality, worsted Stocking. Extra strong and
a dandy wearer. Comes
in sizes i]A lo !). AYe
have only a limited number of these.
Saturday, Extra Special
25c pair
Shoe Departmemt     \ Children's Coats
and Dresses
Now is the time to think of that warm Winter
Dress. »' We are in a position to show you dresses
with good styles and good substantial materials in
all sizes and prices that will suit you.v Prices ranging from $1.90 to $8.75
We have a full line of Children's Coats, with a
good assortment of colors and styles to choose from.
They come in tweeds, blanket cloth and mackinaw
plaids. Sizes G to 14 years. Prices ranging
from $5.50 to $14.00
Glen's and Hoys' heavy Gum Rubber Boots.
Lumbermen's Rubbers in buckle and lace.
Boys' and Youths' heavy Rubbers in 3 and 5 lace
Men's Shoepaeks and Larrigans.
Men's. Women's and Children's light Rubbers.
Women's Tan Rubbers and Sandals.
Men's. Women's and Children's OvergaitciN.
Ladies' and Children's Felt Slippers.
Grocery Specials
Mixed. Sweet Biscuits, 2 lbs for     .25
Slab Fruit and Cherry Cake, per lb ,   .30
Quaker Oats, 5 lb. pkgs 25
(Viwan's Coeoa, V_ lb. tins '. 10
Peaches, 2 lb. tins, 2 for      .35
Kootenay Plum Jam, 5 lbs. 75
Kootenay Cherry Jam; f> lbs    ' .75
Kootenay Gooseberry Jam, 5 lbs 75
Durham Mustard, l/_ lb. tins , 10
Paragon Pickles, 40 oz 35
Heinz Beans in sauce, medium size. 2 for 35
Heinz Dill Pickles, 2 doz 35
Siam Rice, -i lbs. ..- , 25
Royal Crown Laundry Soap, per ibizen 45
Assorted, Toilet Soap, 8 for 25
Turnips, 16 lbs 25
Carrots, lfi lbs     .25
Beets, 12 lbs 25
Onions. 12 lbs ■ 25
White Swan Washing Ponder, per pkg 20
Cooking Apples, per box,  1.15
There is only 20 pair in the lot. so get your early
early before they are all gone. An e$tra heavy
quality Brown Blanket in a good size. ^ Special
price while they last $1.10 pair
An extra heavy weight and soft finish, a splendid
range of pretty designs.     A good wearer and fast,
washing colore.
Saturday Special   .22V2 yard
ing Prices
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦
"♦"' * ♦
The performance given by the Rich- {
ards and Prlngle Mlnstrela   in    tlie
Opera House on Wednesday evening
was one ot the best seen in this town.
I). A. Macaulay has severed -his connection with the International and accepted a position at Drumheller.
Tlie International Coal and Coke Co.
bus closed down their mines indefinitely and men would he well ndvlsed
to stay away from Coleman,
Woman Suffrage was the enbjei* for
debate at the meeting of the literary
clu'i on Monday evening In the Institutional Cliureh. Mr. Norman, Miss McCormack and Miss Watt took the aff-
* Imitative, while Messrs. Holmes, Plser
and Macaulay took the negative. After
an Interesting discussion the affirmatives secured the verdict
Tlie total fundi collected by tht
Red Cross Socloty of Coleman in tht
three weeks that the Socle*)' has tiei n
formed Is $280.75, of which $200 hns
been sent to the provincial branch nt |
The exteoaton department of the
University of Alberta will Include
Coleman in Its schedule of extension
lecture* tbls winter.
CartoontoHr Hint waa idle throa
days laat week.
A special mow Ira or I<ocal 2613 vas
llf Id 11 IV* ra Home Tbumlay, Ut*
tttb, to consider • circular received
from Wmrtet Executive retnrtflBt un-
•m-ptoywent In tbls camp, and asking
tbe focal to make out list of all unemployed union men and forward sane
to District Office.
A eocial and dance under tbe am-
pkee of Um Loyni Oranwe take wai
Wid on Wednesday, Hor, ith,
A <whttt drlvo and dance waa Md
* ll        t . , 1 .  * 0   r*. * ,*-.*•
•nUmA*** *VV nit.** t*vVf Trtr-t-tlnff
iMlss Rose Smith la *Hck Some again j
aftor undergoing an operation tor ap-!
,   pandicttls I* tbt Miners' Hospital.
A tot* of the young .blood* of Cole-1
LL^U ■>-*■--■■*- W ll M lA-l^i ,*.---  L .Ul m m..**bk --,t9t klkM        * -*.-L..---9tt
■WPMi       pwww W^*      wf»      ^m ma warwat^W^mmmmm       wwatmn      man^mrmmw
iricH witfc tbe intention of bating a
Joy Hit, but unfortunately tbey found
tbe asytng of Robbie Rome, "tbo test
Mi ecbeaos of mfet and men gang aft
eeiet," eel$ lm comet, Tbey arriv-
«d boom bi tb* email beam of tb*
To the Kditor, District Ledger
Dear Sir,
Two men came to my place recently
soliciting a meal. One asked for
work, toy which to earn the meal. He
got work, but in the midst of his woi.k
lie was called In and given his food.
He ate and enjoyed It, and then went
back and worked long enough to pay
fo;- lt. That man will be we-leome
anywhere, and .will be willingly supplied. The other man came -with a
hard-luck story and begged for food.
He secured it and wont away, and
nobody will wlah to Hen him n se^nd
time. The tlrst established eonfl-
dence, tho second tended to harden
the heart against tlie cry of the needy.
Now I know a good trta-ny are In my
position, In relation to the needs of
many In this district We are 'Willing to help the needy, but we hate
like sin to be buncoed by the lazy
and tbo Improvident. Now there Is
one way by whlc-b those needing help
can establish confidence. John Mit j
chtil, the groat American Labor leader J
says: "Xo man has a right to apend a.
cent upon himself until he hns p rov Id- i
«■<! fnr hie' family; he has no money
necessary for our social requirements.
Why? Simply because men desire to
exploit the labor of others without
any undue effort themselves. The
retail establishments supply the segregated dlBtrlct .with liquor, and those
lu this district supply this liquor to
young men and lads who frequent
such places. The big men of the
town find the restricted district and
the hotels comfortable mediums for
obtaining the money of tho worker.
so -we may rest assured that they
will continue. "Citizen" may ibe sincere, we do not doubt, hut he must
look a little deeper; he must discover
why u man willing to work for -his
eats eannot get thnt work, and why
other* live so comfortably wittiottt any
apparent effort. I
Monday and Tuesday, MA Thief Catcher," Keystone comedy at the Orpheum,
The following donations bave been
.Mr*  J, J. -Martin—1-0 Yards cotton
for bandages.
.\uj*«i* ol Ferule Ho*plUl — 6 ml"*
to upend «n drink without robbing his! bandage* and * seultetus bandages,
ft"-*"?." |    Miss While   8 pneumonia Jackets.
We have Just as strong a feeling ag<>    Mrs. Woodhouse—Stitching 2 night-
alnat being robbed as any man's fam.l-1 shirts.
ly.     I would suggest tben that our     Mra.  Rdgar—stitching two   ulfchl-
local relief association should require
•Miss White—;! pair socks, 1 pair
The Rebekahs made "housewives'*
and presented them to. the departing
troops, while the Daughters of the Empire provided thein "with badges and
baraipers of lunch for their journey to
t'he coaat.
The following letter .has been re-
eel ved by the Secretary ot the I.O.D.K.
"Dear Miss -Miller,—In reply to
yours of the Oth inst, It is splendid to
hear of the work heing done for our
order. I enclose patterns fo* helmets, mittens and socks, -which -we are
knitting here*. Warm mufflers for
our naval volunteers at Esquimalt are
much needed. Tbls work and also
any help you could give towards the
Belgian Relief our president thinks
would be excellent to take up.
"Yours sincerely
"Ada 8. O. Neronthos,
"Organ. Sec. Pro?. Chap."
Temple Buildings, Port St., Vlctorls.
tbat those soliciting assistance should
endeavor to establish confidence by
placing UiemielveH on the "interdict"
list so long aa they desire relief. This
will be no hardship to the man who
«k*>* not drink, and Is only whnt th*
other fellow ahould be obliged to do.
Your* tfulv.
"Martin—stitching two
Mrs.   J.  J.
Mrs. W, It. Wilson—twelve flannel
cholera belts.
Under a strong guard of provincial
police the three prisoners wbo were
sentenced at the Pall Assises here
| last week, started on tbelr Journey to
the penitentiary.
P. Siepple, representing American
-capital which holds valuable timber
limits up Lizard Creek, Immediately
adjacent to tbe city, baa been In town
for the past week conferring with Mr.
K. .1. iSvans, the local representative
of tbe company.
A. E. Pergunon. who waa recently
married in Calgary, returned to the
city on Sunday with bla bride, who
this morning. Considerable alarm
was caused among the people, but
there were no casualties.      S.7A
3. P. Forde Dominion engineer, catre
In from Nelson on Monday evening
and is regleterod at the Fernie. Mr.
Forde intenis spending a few days :n
the city In connection with the Armory to be coustiucted here.
quickly *\o-*% cmi«h>«, cures taWi, ami heals
•pie threat «•»..• ' ■-*.       • CJ cents-
LOST—On September 16th, .Oold
Watch, Chain and Seal. Finder will
be reasonably rewarded upon returning 4ame to Box iS, Coal Creek.   ' .,
Weet .Fernie.
RENT—Pour Rooms;
Apply A. Luke, Box
.  --       P
Classified Ads,-Cent a Word
Buy Direct from Qrtwer
Crawford Bay British Columbia
rooms; toilet, electric light: right in
city; very convenient Apply,. 89
tieiumel Street, Fernie. np
, Con Iteece, Taxidermist, West Fernie. If you wilh your trophies mounted well, finished well, and really realistic, five ua a call. Samples of mr
work can be seen all over th* province.
Mrs. J. 1. Wood   fifteen yards cot.j*«» * tomer rtaMtnt of Femle,
ton, 'j -- »
Mr. A, i Haddad~-I« sheet*, 1 dot.
piilr socka. i *k<»!ns yarn. 2 doz. towels.
!»>6 yards towelling, .10 yards cheese
MlTHOOirr CHURCH. Fie tilt
Knnday. Hot. ttb—il  nm, "V**
Klual IVcforr*-; at T.JO p.as Rev. >*'
•itootffor -will ffwai, aobftcc, "llivtne
Lot*."  thmtof emwtA aod tem* «-$*»*•
t pm.    'Womfaj*. tnt**t*n h*mf tt t
BpwenJl UM««o at A Tboraday. pre; •
tr and praise,t*Tvle« at *.
iTeewmmt ia only a  (emporary
relief, and will have to be adopted at
a necessity by those who have no
uiotwy to bmy food, let alone whiskey.
If temperaiM* nolvtMi th* m**tttm *tl
poverty tben we might extiect io bt*nr
ut Rrwttt iwo»tteruy from those stalest
that go dry."    Mat we shall not. The \
writnt,*: pen at mr sue'.**. »)*;nu U.
tbat tbe nations   and   commuiiltleai
pr»<Using   thrift  are  InvariaMv   tb**
poortwtl   mt, as a temporary e*pe-f
dlont It Is a necessity.   The writer nf
the aitove fonixl It Impossible to mm-
Mlze wlMM>nt disclosing the terrible
discrepancies   In   our   system— he
*' ows tbat the wilting worker ts iu*t j
is froi'-T n -i*ff.«'"f a.'. Am. m-hlVS, ,* .
worbet, wbleb being tbe case, abcmldl
t)     *   t ui;tlu*tv»!!>  Uul ,u.li«.ii-.rtii*»in,
bas nothing to do with the jm-syntj
f«Bdltl<W«*.   The Imais of the -s-rtrk^r's
Rome, N'ov  2—Earthquake shocks
iln northern Italy have been very e»-i
]   Mr. P. llahal-3 doien towels, i tot. \ tended daring tb* last 31 fcoora.  Sets- j
pillow atlps, J.M yards cheese cloth, t mie disturbance* of mom oi1 les* •*»
roll* cotton bsttlng.
verity bave beon felt In Turin, Oenoa,
mrn, i. J. Woo»l ts interesting next- Florence. Leghorn, Piza. Lucia, Bolo*-
f-^t  irfft*  -rnit   -rwsn   t«   tf-nt»»l*ni» • „.,  „,*. * i»,. •*,?«,    •„  *,»*itit...   *.   ;_•;•;—    f'
Mrs. .1. Wrowti—I Ralaclav* eapa.    \tb* smaller inwus '
■Mrn. CarmlehaeH j llalaclava caps.i    According to the Isteat advlcea, lit-J
Mn. Volland-i cholera belt. (tie damage baa been don* and there!
.lira. Hsb«r~l pair wristleta. j have Mtn RO fatalities. j
<Mrs. Heck-i Balaclava caps. j pani* at Flertrt** i
Mrs. J. J. Martin— 1 WstaHsv* can.'    wtftWWVf-w .xt*x**.  vw   *   tmw. ;
t :>alr wristlet*. bav* btm earth dUturbane^ la the;
Mrs. path!*- I Belaclar* cap, 'northern emit of Italy lor 14 bmrt.
I Iialac!lava cap. 11 a severe shock waa recorded ai Turin
, yesterday morning aad • alight q««kt
Miss itnnn—I polr wristleta occurred at toe mm plact *«tw«en
Mr» and Mi»s Coras a-1 llalaclava j 5 and • o'cloek In Oie afternoon.   At
Mrn, Lancaster
| pair wristlets.
»nc«tni» today ts "Whsf can he ejtiit
on!" om "Wbat f«n he !h*> owf
W# hote lu rliH ttmn tlevtu imeln,
i.l "r'Ang 'a Au. -Av, luv«s *t*** -
ss*re»at«Nl dittrict, and both t%*
bot.elt tititl tbt* hroibeU nre connltltr^i
: a point li mtlea west of Turin shocksi
conttnoed during the wfcole day.    ITpj
, to tbe present tut* no great datsage j
or toss et \itn bnt beon reported.      j
A nertf* enrthtinnkt* w*» Mt it Ihis,
Harold  Anderson-"-!   ch»l*r«i * di* today,    Tb*   Inhabitant*   wer*
Mrs, ijnmn—I polr wristlets,
Mi»* vmstl—t pntr wrwUfis.
Mrs, A Prentlce-I -pair wristlets.
Mr*  If  J. Jobaaoa—1 fbof-m beit.
|    Tlrs.
I belt.
j    Mr*. J. j. Wood—I pair nock*.
Um* .*- V»*sj4— '» pol-r WtMW->».
1   Jilts K  Mliler- I Balaela^ cap
M!s<.  1   N-ttlpsrs—t  Bslsclsva tup
• thrown Into a condition of panic.
«h# shock did Httl* dsmag*. *
t MHffi t* Bftatttn
I   MILAN, Italy, fla Rom. Sm. f. -j
* \n <>itrrhint^Ite as* warded in Milaa*
FOR ItKNT—Two unfurnished rooms,
suitable for light housekeeping, In
Deck Block. sAppIy T. Beck, Ingram's Cigar Store. 249
WANTED—Active, reliable man as
looal agent. N'ew steering device
for Ford automobiles, Guaranteed.
Soils fast. Good money for right
roan. Ford Equaliser Co., 528 Bur-
rard street. Vancouver.
Apply, 80 MacPherson Ave.
"-— "     - -   I|lll -1*^*^   WHIII-JW ■      ..I...   _..!_. Ill      ■        III       IIM
Ing beaters, range, beds, t ibles, chairs,
etc.  Apply 5« Chlpman Avonua, City
^ORAZINO—WIH take a limited num-
bar of horse* to pasture; 1500 seres;
running water, If. 0. Nash, Living-
atone, Alta.
FOR RENT—Fully Modern 10-room-
ed house; steam-heated; every sppli-
ance; 126 McPherson Avenue. Por
further particulars apply H, Cartlsia,
, mmmmwmwm*mwmm**mmmm * .sn ia—swim imitinaio—»^»>so»w—^«awis^
TOR RBST — Two*MKMd Shaek:
$10.0(1 per month. Apply, s Dalton
Av*nue. Jtp
Amcrlean tf ik
^t *m* toejmt when all
other* failed.   Tb*y gtv* ml
feot comfort Tb*y bar* no
saams to rip. They tover be-
mme tome and baggy, a* tht
Ity of materlaf not mtt&mn.
tbi», aMoiiiuly atatnhwt, and to
oner nix saoath* withom bol**
•r tnpinet* by mw mSbtrZ
To overy one oswdlrtr tis *,t*.
lot*ly free: v*   w^
,3?* ft&ati !» *»!!!»•
ga«'a    AMKRICAN   RlLK
s%?s •*■ •—*
Tbrs<!   putr',1   of out   Ladle*'
Hoo* la Biatk. Ta» or Whit*
enters, wfth wntt^pfnrmm:
w£2s7 fi";*T-«^ ******
wbm AetHer te yoor loe^ity |*
Hi IftMHOinil Miry U,
•t •fiff»»r VI tmm 1
ttttm 0»»lo, W. B. A,
atmmtwmam* -■■■■m>wmmi*m*m


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items