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The District Ledger 1914-09-12

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 t y-   - ,1
■-v\"--' .;t^, ■
h.?.-."!. r. ■
Industrial Unity, Is Strength
The Official Organ of Distr ict No. 18, U. M. W. of A
1      '.   i .  - si #. f
; *.-i«^-if
»v .1
Political Unity Is Victory
***
No. 2, Vol. Yw *%<>,.
*/
*&
THE DISTRICT. LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 12, 1914
%*>,
Fatality a
Coalhurst Mines
A .very vnnfortu'nate accident hap-
penedi ln'we mine Friday, *Sej>tem.ber
4th. Some 'cars of timber overrun the
usual stopping place and collided with
a trip helng hauled by -Felix Mulgunas.
The accident, happened about 11 a. m.
The injured man was attended by Dr.
Rose upon reaching the surface, and
taken to the Diamond hospital, where
Drs. Rose and D'Arc did everything
possible. Felix passed away at 4 p. m.
An inquest-was arranged by Coroner
Humphries of Lethbridge, the jury
viewing the remains and adjouWlng
until September 10th. The funeral
waa arranged by Local 1189, U. IM. -W.
of A., of 'Which the deceased was a
member of two years' standing. The
membership turned out in a large
body on Sunday afternoon and conducted the remains to the Catholic
Cemetery. After the service , by the
Catholic priest, the U. M. "W.'s service was conducted by Duncan iMcNabb,
local--president, wlhlch was very impressive. The deceased leaves to
mourn his lofes a father in Coalhurst,
and many friends; also a mother and
a large number of sisters and brothers
In -his native home iu Russia.
STAY AWAY
Cumberland, B. C, Aug, 25.
Notice to Secretaries of AU Locals ot
the U. M. W. o£ A.;
Tbe Btrlke on Vancouver' Island
which has been in progress for the
last twenty-two and fourteen months,
respectively, has been called off, but
would advise all men to keep away, as
there is an enormous amount of men
unable to procure work,owing to the
unfavorable conditions of the mines,
due to the encouragement ot Incompetent men hy the government and operators to defeat the men of District
28, U.'tM. W, of A„ Vancouver Island,
of their deelres.
 -ROBEST-FOSTERr	
.DlBtrlct President.
john McAllister,
District Secretary.
Lt. Col. Mackay bas received ln<
structione from 'the Militia Depart-
raent to organize an. eight company,
infantry. Regiment ln the Bast Kootenay District, or between (Michel and
Golden, with headquarters at Fernie.
■It ia thought that ahould there bo dl
second contingent required, volunteers from the regiment will be given
first choice.
THE COLORADO SITUATION
Notice To Workers
Rossland, B. C, Aug. lil, 1914.
To all Local Unions of the Western
Federation ot Miners:
We, tbo undersigned Executive
Board ot Rossland Miners' Union
38, W. V. ot >M„ desire to warn all
men from outside camps not to
come to Rowland at the present
time.
Tbe Consolidated Company is tiie
only company working here at tbe
present
The Le Roi S has closed down
throwing 150 matt out ot work.
Tbo Consolidated Company are
aot at present Increasing tbelr
forces, to those 180 men cannot
find work and there are also a large
number of outside men hem* mak-
Ing in alt over WO men out of work
and »o proepwt it the prceeut
time of getting work.
We advise all men to keep awsy
treat RoeaUnd while these conditions prevail.
aigned by tbe Executive Board
Rossland ailners' Union.
B*N«TOUT,
President,
W. S. Hon ner,
Vice President,
OBO. DINGWALL,
WCTnftrTt
B.CAWPBKLL,
P.HMADt
L
• DENVER, Colo., Sept 7.—Colorado's
courts and juries of Injustice are at it
again.
The Las Animas county grand jury,
made up of nine corporation employes
and tools, and three citizens, has returned the expected verdict, placing
the hlame for all strike disorders on
the striking coal miners and. naming
approximately 200 members of the
union for murder.
The findings of the jury are another sample of the rottenness of Colorado's jury system.. This body of
disreputable citizens has been sitting
in Trinidad for two months. During
that time the jury refused to hear testimony regfttfing outrages committed
by tbe operators' gunmen. They did
not feel that the*murder and crema.
tion of nineteen men, women and
children at Ludlow, April 20, 1914,
was of sufficient importance to be
Investigated; they did hot believe
that the charge .that the gunimen-mi-
lltia had piled many other bodies bn a
huge funeral pyre and burned them
was worth investigating; tbey did not
thin* that the slaughter of fllfteen
other, strikers by the imported aa-
BasainB of the Colorado coal barons
merited their attention; because they
were employes of these same coal
barons, because they had their orders
as to what was to be Investigated and
who waa to be indicted.
It justice has heen expelled from her
other habitations, she should make
Oolorado her resting place, that is if
she .'can hear the stench of the most
putrid cesspool of injustice in " the
world.
iWhen one considers the outrages of
the strike, the findings of the grand
jury become all the morex ludicrous.
Two hundred members of the United
4!lne~Workers4!av«4)eea ind!cte<^for-
murder in Las Animas county, where
nine thugs were killed when they attacked the strikers; one.hundred and
fifty strikers have been indicted dn
Boulder county for jthe murder of one
man; one hundred and fifty men bave
been indicted in Fremont county for
the murder of one man.
la other words, 500 members of the
Uhlted 'Mine Workers have been indicted for killing eleven men, while
protecting themselves and their families from the murderous onslaughts
of an army of paid murderers imported by the operators.
(Members of this samo army ot paid
assassins deliberately and with premeditation shot down in cold blood or
cremated thirty-four members of the
United Mine Workers. Among these
were eleven little children, whose
drawn and distorted roasted bodies
were found In a hole after the massacre at Ludlow.
Not one of, tbe one thousand, thugs
who perpetrated these outrages has
been Indicted.
Walter Belk, a notorious Baldwin
Felts thug,' wbo waa under indictment
for murder ln West Virginia, came to
Colorado In the summer of 1M3. He
was at once made a deputy sheriff. On
August 10 he and Qeogre Belcher, another assassin, walked up to Gerald
Lipplatt on the streets aad Wiled htm.
Belk is under Indictment for murder, but released on bond. This allseed murderer waa one ot the two
"peace" officer who served the warrants for murder on the 200 strikers.
News
. LONDON, Sept. 9.—The Allied armies continue
to have the advantage, according to French official
reports, in'what can only he the preliminaries of
a great battle extending from Meaux, northeast of
Paris, to the fortress of Verdun, about 200 miles
further east.
• The" Germans have brought up reinforcements,
and are striking at the Allies' left and centre, between Mont Mirail and Vitry Le Francois, a front
of from ten to sixty miles, but each time tbey have
been driven back. This is not surprising to military
men, as the Germans have been compelled to advance through the swamps of the Petit Morin and
then over bare uplands to the extremely strong
French position on the right. It is their only chance>
however, and it is expected that they will strike and
strike again.
. .They are bringing their reinforcement down from
Chalons on the roads leading to Fere Ohampenoise,
Sommesous and Sompuis. General Pau, who commands the centre of the French army iu this district, is reported,to be advancing north of Sezanne,
towards the plateau which commands the centre of
the whole battlefield. On bis left the British force
has driven the Germans across the Grand Morin
and Petit Morin rivers toward the Marne itself,
while on the extreme left tbe French sixth army,
advancing from Paris along the Ourcq river, has
had successes and is threatening General Klukqx's
communications.
In the east the Germans have so far failed to
break across the river and hills of Argonne, between Vitry Le Francois and Verdon, on the right
wing of the Allies.
All this favorable news has reached the Allies,
but military critics warn the public that the battle
has not yet been won and there probably will be a
week or more fighting before a decisive result is
obtained either way.
-There is a possibility that the Germans are try-
NOTICt
All Veterans and ex-service men are
requested to attend a church parade,
wbleb wtll bo held en Sunday. September 11, l»H.
Tbe parade will -fell la" at 7 p. m.
sharp, it tbe Skating Rink, and wit!
march to tht Church ol Bogkad.
URUT-COL. J. MACKAY,
umrr. oborob o-brikv,
r
mm
To Delinquent Subscribers-
Final Notice
i
ihgl» draw thelKllieslnto an attack on the Ugh
ground that lies between the Marne and Aisne,
about Reims, and while it is believed some advantage has been taken of the German defensive move*
ment, it is not at all probable that all danger has
been removed,
General Joffre, however, has won some points.
He has secured the time he required and is in a better position; further, he has oompleted his concentration, so that he is now believed to have a fair
chance against the invaders, who have made their
way from Mons to the gates of Paris.
Bordeau reports officially that the British army
has crossed the river Marne and that the Germans
have fallen back twenty-five miles. .The efforts of
the Germans to break through the French lines on
the Ouroq river are likewise officially reported to
have failed,
Seemlnglyt the Germans are short of ammunition
at the front and are having.difficulty in provisioning, and the French war department officially announces on the whole the German army to be retiring.
The battlefield in France is that over whioh Na-
polean fought in 1814, with entrenched campi on
both wings and the centre. Paris covers the left
wing, Chalons the centre, and Verdun the right,
while a mobile column of troops is ready to join
In tht fighting wherever thl line is threatened.
Vitry Lt Francois and Montierail stems to bt the
points of tht chief engagements tnd there tht car-
nsge hu been the heaviest. The Allies aim st preventing tht German taming movement with a mass
of troops composed of many army corps.
LONDON, Sept. 9.-Oerman rttaforotntnts, ts-
tlmattd at 60,000 men» are advancing into France
in three ootaams, according to ta Ostend dUptttft
to Etnttr'i.
LONDON, float, •.—Newt hat reached here thtt
tbe North Oerman Oasttte of Berlin, the official organ of tht government of Germany, pnbliihei a.
mk^%^mmmmm*   fensfe,   I^BlHilMHMMt  ^VSstYltttflM   Imim   aam*!   sot   4mo
pontnt mtsstgt 10 rrtmat wiuon.
LONDON, lept, 9,—OepUia Ifesterof f, ooe ol tbe
moet daring tf Iwttao aviators and tht tint ef
his countrymen to ttoy tht loop, has sacrificed his
Ult ll A success!nl lUtiMrt to dsstroy ai Austriaa
"-WHWr-grl-P
tlWJMi-RI H  WfH-nWHWI WTOM  IWI,U! HHHf 1VWW *V TWT11M "
TJlMMftmliiitfij vfeta ho saw aa Awlrisn aerof-Uae'
[ fcmrtog mm tkt Unto fonts. He ftaatdttttt? I aoCTcttsttwts Bnt* bright
a fine of $2,500 or imprisonment for twelve months
on a summary conviction, and seven years penal
servitude on conviction after indictment.
PETROGRAD, Sept. O.—The Czar declared today
he would go to Berlin if it took his last moujik
(peasant).
He informed the Japanese Ambassador he would
do his best to have the Japanese and Russians
fighting side by side.
LONDON, Sept. 9.—The Admiralty announced
tonight that one of the British naval airships would
make short cruises over London in the next few
daya and at night. The public is warned not to;
shoot at. the airships.
BORDEAUX, Sept. 9.—In well-informed circles
here the opinion is that Austria is in a desperate
plight, viewing matters fr6m military, political and
financial points of view.
A telegram from Petrograd says that both in
Russian and foreign diplomatic quarters there it
is believed that the Vienna government will have
to sue for peace within fifteen days, this being the
only means of evading a complete breaking up of
the Empire.
ROME, Sept. 9.-—A dispatch to the Messagero
from Petrograd states that the great battle at Rawa,
Galacia, is over, after four days' conflict, and has
resulted in a great victory for the Russians.
A large number of prisoners were taken. The
Austrians were retiring everywhere. They have
evacuated Russian Poland. Trains filled with large
numbers of Russian and Austrian wounded are arriving daily. The number of German troops transferred to the Russian frontier proves to be 200,000
instead of 27,000.
-H&Q*NDONH36p1^9;=RuBS»"ir"tafci^^
sive in the advance in east Prussia and is now sixty
miles beyond Konigsberg with her vanguard. Austria is said to be terror-stricken and about bankrupt.  Trade is paralised and the people in panic.
. PARIS, Sept. 9.—An official communication issued this afternoon says the situation remains satisfactory, The German right is retreating before
the British and French, who are slowly advancing.
Tht situation on the right is unchanged. The State
says: "On the left wing, although the Germans
have been reinforced* the situation remains satisfactory. The enemy is retreating before tht British army.. In tbe centre our advance is slow, but
general, On the right wing the action of the enemy
is against Nancy. In the Vosges and in Alsace the
situation remains unchanged. British officers and
soldiers arriving from the front today declare that
a four days* battle still continues to the cast of
Paris and is being carried on furiously. They assert that the French captured a considerable num.
ber of field and machine guns, while the Germans
often surrendered in great numbers."
. .A supplementary statement issued at Bordeaux
by Minister of War Millerand anil telegraphed here
reads: "Tht defense of Maubtngt continues heroically against heavy siege guns,"
City Council Meets-
Awards Band Grant
Femie-Coal Creek Excelsior Band
Disposes of Their Portion
The city council met Thursday of
last week aud the meeting was a momentous one, for the "papas" had
to decide which band should receive
the $600 grant, and they decided that
the Italian band was to receive $500
and the Fernle-Coal Creek Excelsior
band $100.
The city fathers were confronted by
an array of legal talent that should
have made them quail, but It didn't,
for the majority who voted for the
grant had come there to vote one way,
and they voted that way.
Mr. A, Fisher spoke, very ably In
support of the Femie-Coal Creek band,
laying particular emphasis on a very
widely signed petition he presented.
He asked tbe council to be fair and
give the Fernie^-Coal Creek band, an
equal portion of the grant.
Mr, Herchmer spoke on behalf of
the Italian band. He did not think
much of petitions and had advised the
Italian band not to get up a counter
petition. He was a whole hogger for
the Italian band.
After hearing the remarks of the
legal gentlemen, the Mayor remarked
that the Femie-Coal Creek band did
not desire to compete and It was up to
the council to devise some other
means of distributing the grant.
It may be mentioned tbat one of the
objections raised by the Femie-Coal
Creek band to a contest was the fact
that some five ot their members had
departed for the front and as a result they were not in a position to
contest at present,
After some discussion a motion was
made hy McBean and seconded, by S.
Graham, that the Italian hand he
given $500 and the Fernle-Coal Creek
LONDON, Sept. 9.—Ixelmans, % famous French
cavalry leader, wm seriously wounded in tbt fight*
ing west of Paris. While making a division charge
upon Oerman artillery, a shell burst near bim, a
fragment striking him Is tht back. Ht was also
shot tn tht leg.
LONDON, Sept. 9-It ls said that the Russian
troops said to hare been swn passing through Scotland wtrt reservists from different parts of tht
world, whom tht Onr requested to join tbe French
forces, instead tf going direct home.
LONDON, Sept. O.-BriUsh hopes In tht final
mult of tht grttt battle now being waged along
a front some 100 miles, roughly speaking, from
Paris to Verdun, run ettremely high. From excel
lent authority tt tt undentood thtt tht numerical
raptriority, which hitherto hts been so grttt t fac-
tor in tbe Otnnaaoaleulations.no longer exisU and
that tht allied tercet tn tfotl to, tf aot ttmi what
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10BD1AUX Sept.»,—The following official aa-
T.TJphlll made'an"amend--
ment, seconded by Wm. Jackson, that
the grant he equally divided. The
amendment was lost and the motion
carried, -MoBean, Graham and Roblchaud voting for the latter proposition.
Evidently Alderman Roblchaud .. did
not appr«£tte'tlie. fact that one ;hand
had provided five defenders for bla
"dear homeland."
Several other matters were dealt
with, and the Mayor reported that the
Arm with whom negotiations had been
entered into to handle debentures had
written that owing Vo international
complications they oould not go ahead
with tho wile of same. However. It Ib
understood tbat the Home hank will
stand behind the city in this matter.
As tbe Mayor required a little vacation from hia arduous duties, It wus
arranged that Alderman Graham act
In his atead during hia absence.
While tt ii not our Intention to take
any sldea in the queatlon of supporting
the bands, several prominent business
men have spoken to u« regetiliig that
tho Council could not we Its wny
clear to encourage tbe English-speak-
Ing band. The queatlon that occurs
to moat of then practical men Is.
"How can tho city hope to encourage
mimical talent lu this town It all
grants are to be monopolited hy one
nationality?"   The Italian band has
RETURN  THANKS
Drs. QJonriell & Corson, on be- ♦
half of ihe Fernie Hospital, beg ♦
to acknowledge with thanks, ♦
the gift of ono hundred dollars, ♦
most generously donated by th© ♦
Ferule-Coal Creek Excelsior ♦
Band, -+
BONNELL & CpftSAN.     ♦
played good music, that no impartial
person will deny, but it must be remembered that the English speaking
band has been ever ready to assist at
funerals, give concerts and help in
every possible way to enliven the
town,whitethe)fact that, there hasiheem
opposition in town has stimulated botli
bands In their efforts to entertain the
people of this town and provide good
muEic. The attitude of the Council
has been particularly shortsighted and
certainly not without bias. A little
diplomatic handling and both bands
might have been retained; as it is,
there will be the usuat slovenly attempt at running a city band next year
If either of the bands drop out. Another point that the. Council might
have considered, had their patriotism
been as deep as they would have one
believe, was the fact that one band
had contributed bo generously to the
contingent going to the front, ahd
this should have been taken into consideration. Personally we havo not
the slightest doubt that the Italians
would have done the same had their
■wUfitry-hi6*ea"Sn-aH}~oi"\jr*e8v"Bri-taiar"
The action of the Councillors who
voted for the motion as lt passed, however, convinces the impartial-minded
individual that the never Intended the
Fernle-Coal Creek band to have a
share In the city grant, and to their
credit, (or,discredit) lt nmjit.he*- .admitted they succeeded. They opposed
the proposition to divide the grant
from tho beginning, and their expressions bave not been as Impartial
as they should be. Let ua hope that In
futuro tbe city will rlB6 above any feelings of prejudice and when they have
money, to distribute remember that
tho ratepayers ahould have something
to aay, and a petition is something
that may indicate tbo feelings of the
citizens equally as we-il as a ballot.
Aldermen Uphill and Jackson have
tried to get a square deal for the
bands. Alderman MoBoan can bo excused, and tho aame generosity extended to Roblchaud, who would be
Influenced by the majority, but Alderman Graham might have displayed a
llttlo more of the spirit of i-ffijiartlaUt**}'.
As the matter stands, the Italian
band has the grant, and we will certainly not sny that Hi mombera have
not tried and tried hard, tat Ua hope,
however, that there will not be a repetition of what happened alter iUu
band won the contest at Ltwhhridgn
three yearn ago.
FERNIE JOTTINGS
We are glad to learn that International Hoard Member Dave Rtea, who
haa been confined to the house for
over a week. I* programing favorably.
Word was received in thia city os
Tueaday, announcing the death nt P.
R. Morris. Provincial Constable and
ftherlff at Cranbrook fer the past aii-
t»cn yentn. He was 63 years of ag-t
and leave a wife and family to mourn
bis tons.
A fire that did approiim...;, IIS, j *f J,0*""*"' *'**«*> M"«h «* p
TtAMt tOft tSNEFIT MATCH AT
I COLIMAN
On Haturday n«"*t a match for the
benefit of dependants of the IllttcfMt
eiploslon will t*k« plan- at ('oilman,
ktefcuff at tx.D Tb* Iwni, *tiH|
will be pli'krd from club* In 11 (*. aad
Alberta, will be aa folio*»: Alberta
XI.—il. Patton (Prankt, goal; Mar-
pk» (Prank), 11. Rmeraon iCol«asa»l,
lmck»; Iloughnadl Voltnuml. Ja-k-
*on iColeman» and Petri** illlllnwatt,
hah«*; Daedal**** iHlllrr-M.it   H-MMIac-
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Oa tkt ttatro tal right wtag there Is to tetohle
noo danuito krolt* mit »b^<i* ' t» %
m. Saturday morning at Vent* R f.
end da*p«rat«< maeaun* bad to ba
tabet te eava tha towa, Tbe ooufbi-
gratie* wae finally ntopptd by rating
lo dwelling bonnet n#*t to th* nrhool.
Tbe totm it mttmated at I1S.WM, cev-
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poait*   Ttitam-Woed   fo     Vnti*m*rt.t
Morrison  ifranki. foraards.
B. C. XI.-*Walker (CoftelBi. pMl:
»»ang tt'otemnni and MdPegan (CSeal
Creekl. harks; Yat*a, White <Co*l
<Vek. RlUy ilVrnlei. halviw; Hilly
irnonn*il ir0rb!ni„ Walker, Booth
n&ii Jubu-ou xi'auil t'r*«ki, tut-ttmrie
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M<fts* and Ttil-fT tor*WMm, nil   ot
that Uoebwem. a x-etetno ot ttm
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content »t fAtbfcridt*. aa4 ■ftvrwari*
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almoit tedded to i»ad ttm a c«ttlft-
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etmret wtll held a sale ot ftaia eewina
aart hewe rooktag to tkt cfcvrr* eit
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p. m. 94;
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tar tmm, ekrekbnrr, ete. Atf ene
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER," FERNIE, B. 0., SEPTEMBER 12, 19H
i-'i
iV
s ;
| j
ti
Why is England at War?
J. Ramsey OlacDor.Hld, Laborite
member of the British Paliament, resigned his official position when Great
Britain enter-id the conflict. In a
statement which has just reached this
country, MavDonald .charges Sir Edward Grey, the British Prime 'Minister,
with having withheld vital facts from
the members ot the House of Commons and that, after failing to prevent
the European clash, he worked deliberately to involve the nation, using Belgium's honor a,s the chief excuse. MataDonald believes that the
fatal clash between the alliance and
the entente had to come, and that
only two things determined the time
of its coming. The first was the re.
lative capacity of the countries to
bear the burderns of an armed peace,
which was reaching its limits Jn most
countries. The second was the
question of how the cnanges which
time was bringing were affecting adversely the military power of the
respective opponents.
He declared recently that in the
speech he had delivered In the House
of Coniinions he had laid down the traditional policy of the Independent Labor Party, and he was going to stick
to it. "As hne who was sent to the
House of Commons to voice the aspirations of the working classes and to
' give voice to the very best tint
is in tlieir souls, what ant 1 going to
do?" he asked. "What a miserable
coward I would be if I did not condemn
that sort of thing and say tbe day is
gone by for a few aristocrats and Ambassadors to have the power left Jn
their hands, involving the nations of
the world in a war such as that in
which we have found ourselves flung."
The explanation of the war lay In* the
fact that militarism had heaped burdens upon the 'backs of the peoples
of the nations until every nation, on
account of its burdens, had become
more and more familiar with the idea
thai it was better to fight and be
done with it than to go on .suspecting
eat'h other and piling up more burdens In the shape of arimes and
navies.
By J. Ramsey MacDonald, M. P.
On that fatal Sunday, the 2nd of
August, I met in Whitehall a member
of the Cabinet, and he told me of the
messages and conversations between
Foreign Secretaries and Ambassadors
which were to be published for the
purpose of showing how we strove for
peace and how Germany Immovably
went  to   war.   "It will lisvc a *rf*ai j niaray
effect on public opinion," lie said. And
he was right. It Is called "Correspondence Respecting tlie European
Crisis," but is generally referred to
as "The White Paper." I wish to
comment upon It for tho purpose of
explaining its significance,
*   «   ♦
It begins with a conversation between Sir Edward Grey and the German Ambassador on the 20th of July
regarding the Austrian threat to pun.
ish Servia, and finishes with the delivery of our ultimatum lo Germany
on the 4th of- August, From It certain conclusions appear to be justified, the following In particular:
1. Sir Kdward Grey strove to the
last to prevent an European war.
2. Germany did next to nothing
for peace, but It ia not Hoar whether
slie actually encouraged Auatrla to
pursue her Servian policy. The mobilisation of llusslu drove flernrany to
wftr.
3. Russia and Franco itrove both
hy open premure and hy wllei to get
ua to com-mit ourselves to support
them in thc exeat of war.
4. .Though 8lr Kdward drey would
not give them a pledge, Iio made the
German Ambassador understand that
we might not keep out of tlie conflict,
5. During the negotiations, Germany tried to meet our wishes oa certain points so as to secure our neutrality. Sometimes her proposals
were brusque, but no' attempt was
made by us to negotiate diploiaatically
to improve them. They were all sum-
imarily rejected by Sir Edward Grey.
Finally, so anxious was Germany to
confine the limits of the war, that tlie
German Ambassador asked Sir Kdward Grey to propose his own conditions of neutrality, and Sir Edward
Grey declined to discuss the matter.
This fact was suppressed by \pir Edward Grey and Mr. Asquith in1 their
speeches in Parliament.       '
6. When Sir Edward Grey failed to
secure peace between Germany and
Russia, he worked deliberately to involve us in the war, using Belgium as
his chief excuse. .
This is the gist of the White Paper.
».   »   ♦
That Sir Edward Grey should have
striven for European peace, and then
when he failed, that he should have
striven with equal determination to
embroil Great Britain, seems contradictory. But it is not; and the explanation of why it is not is the jus.
tification of those of us who for the
last eight years have regarded Sir
Edward Grey as menace to the
peace of Europe and his policy as a
misfortune to our country.    What Is
the explanation?
*   *   •
Great Britain in Europe can pursue one of two policies. It can keep
on terms of general friendship with
the European nationsc treating with
each' separately when, necessary, and
co-operating with all on matters of
common interest. To do this effec
tively it has to keep Its hands clean
It has to make Its position clear, and
Its sympathy has to be boldly given
to every movement for liberty. This
is a policy which requires great faith,
great patience and great courage. Its
foundations are being built by our
own International, and if our Liberal
Government had ouly followed' It since
1905 it would by this time have
smashed    the    military    autocracies
which have brought us Into war.
«   »   *
But there is a more alluring policy
apparently easier, apparently safer,
apparently more direct, but in reality
more difficult, more dangerous and
less calculable. Tlmt is the policy of
the balance,of power through alliance.
Weak and Bhortslghted ministers have
ssoried-tc—ihls-heeause-it-jp
the policy of the instincts rather than
the reasons. It forms groups of powers in continents. It divided Europe
into two great hostile camps—Germany, Austria and Italy on the one
hand; Russia, France and oiirsfelvbs on
the other. 'The progeny of this policy
is suspicion and armaments, its end
ia war and the smashing up of the
very balance which It Is destined to
maintain. When war comes It Is then
bound to be universal. Every nation
ia on one rope or another, and when
one slips lt drags Its allies with It.
*   *   *
vAs a matter of practical experience,
the very worst form of alliance Is the
entente. An alliance ls definite. Every
one knows his responsibilities under
It. The entente deceives the people,
When iMr. Asquith and Sir Edward
Grey kept assuring the House of Commons that we bad contracted no obligations by our entente with France,
they said what was literally true, but
substantially untrue. That is why
stupid or dlshonent statesmen prefer
the entente to the alliance. It enables
them to delude themselves and other
people; lt permits them to see bard
facta through a veil of sentimental
vaugeneaa. Had we had a definite
alliance with Prima.- and Ruaulu, the
only dlffernce would haw been that
we and everybody else should have
known 'what we had let ourselves in
for, and that might have averted war.
It is interesting to gather from Sir
Edward Grey's speech of the 3rd of
August and the White Paper how completely the   entente   entangled   him.
There were first of" all the "conversations"  between   French   and. British
naval and' army experts froip 1906 onward*.   'These produced plans of naval
and military operations which France'
and we were to take jointly together.
It   was   in   accordance with   these
schemes that the northern coasts of.
France, were' left unprotected by the
French navy.   Those schemes, moreover, assumed that the neutrality   of
Belgium would be violated if a general
war broke out.    The "conversations"
were carried on  for about six years
without the knowledge^ of consent   of
the Cabinet.   Military plans were sent
to St. Petersburg and a grand duke
(so  well   informed   authorities say)
connected with the German party in
Russia sent them to Berlin.   Germany
has known for years that there were
military arrangements between France
and ourselves, and that Russia would
fit   her operations into these plans
We had so mixed ourselves tip in the
FranccvRussian alliance that Sir Edward Grey had to tell us en the 3rd
of August that though our hands were
free our honor was pledged.
*   *   *
The country had been so helplessly
committed to fight for France and
Russia that Sir Edward Grey had to
refuse point blank every overture
made by Germany to keep us out of
the conflict. That ls why, when reporting the negotiations to the House
of Commons, he found it impossible
to tell the whole truth and to put im
time tipping the ■ balance of power
against it The breaking point had
been reached. Fppelgn minister and
Ambassadors had to give place to the
war lords. "      v "
- * *} * x-
So I come back to the statement
which, T think I have clearly proven,
that the European war is the result of
the existence of the entente and the
alliance, and that we are in it in consequence of Sir Edward 6rey's foreign
policy.
*   *   *
The justifications offered are nothing but the excuses which minister can
always produce for mistakes. eLt me
take the case of Belgium. It has been
known for years that in the event of
war between Russia and France on the
one hand and Germany on the other,
the only possible military tactics for,
Germany to pursue were to attack
France hot foot through Belgium and
then return to meet the Russians. The
plans were In otir war office. jThey
were discussed quite openly during
the Agadir trouble and were the subject, of some magaizine articles, particularly! one by IMr: 'Belloc. 'Mr. Gladstone imade it clear in 1870 that ina
general conflict formal neutrality
might he violated. Ke said ln the
House of Commons ln August, 1870:
"I am not able to subscribe to the
doctrine ot those who have held in
this House what plainly amounts to an
assertion that the simple fact of jthe
existence of a guarantee is binding
on every party to it, irrespective. altogether of the particular position in
which it may find itself at the time
when the occasion for acting on the
guarantee arises."
Germany's guarantee to Belgium
would haye been accepted by Mr.
Gladstone. If France had decided to
attack Germany through Belgium; Sir
Edward Grey would not have objected,
but would have justified himself by.
Mr. Gladstone's opinions.
*   *   »
We knew Germany's .military, plans.
We obtained them through the usual
channels of spies and secret service.
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partially what lie   chose   to tell us.j We knew< that tl»e road through Bel
DAVIDSON'S
Cash Heat Market
(In Suddaby's Old Store)
Beck Block, Fernie
'He scoffed at the German guarantee
to  Belgium  on  the  ground   that    it
only   secured   the  "integrity" of the
country but   not   its   Independence;
when the actual documents appeared
it was found   that   its   independence
was secured as well.   And that is not
the worst.   Tlie White Paper contains
several offers which were made to us
by Germany, aimed at securing   our
neutrality.   Xone were quite satisfactory in their form,  and   Sir   Edward
Grey left the Impression   that   these
unsatisfactory proposals were all that
Germany made.   Later on the Prime
JWsisteMid-ihe-sam©*—Both-^ithheld-
the full truth from us.   iThe German
Ambassador saw Sir Edward Grey, according to the White Paper, on the lst
of August, and this Is our Foreign Minister's note ofthe conversation:
. "TherAmbaesador pressed me as to
whether I could not formulate   conditions upon which we could remain
neutral.   He even suggested that the
integrity ot France and her colonies
might he guaranteed."
Sir Edward Grey declined to consider neutrality on any conditions, and
refrained from reporting this conversation to the House. Why? It was
the most Important proposal that Germany made. Had this been told to us
by Sir Edward Grey, his speech could
not have worked up a war sentiment.
The hard, immovable fact was that
Sir Edward Grey had so pledged the
country's honor without the country's
knowledge to fight for France and
Russia that be was not in a position
* ♦   *
to diacuM neutrality.
Now the nppnrent contradiction that
the man who had worked for Euro-
pci»n peace was at the tame tlmo the
leader of the wor party In the Cabinet
can be explained. Sir Kdward Grey
•trove to undo tbe result of his policy,
and keep Europe ut peace, but, whon
he filled, he found himself committed
to dragging hie country Into war.
• •   •
Without thtt wide survey of policy
glum was an- essential part of them
That was our opportunity to find a
"disinterested" motive apart from the
obligations of the entente.. It is well
known that a nation will not fight except for a cause in which idealism is
mingled. The Dally Mail supplied the
Idealism for the Sotuh African war by
telling lies about the flogging of British women and children; our government supplied the idealism for this,
war by telling us that the independence -of Belgium had to be vindicated
by us. Before it addressed its inquiries to France and Germany upou.
Jiia-poiaU-kjxowing-the-BviUtary-exi--
gencles of both countries, It knew that
France could reply suitably while Ger.
/many could not do so. It was a pretty
little game in hypocrisy which the
magnificent valor of the Belgians will
enable the government to hide up for
the time being.
Such are the facts of the case. It
is a diplomatists' war made by about
half a dozen men, Up to the moment
that Amassadors were withdrawn, the
precipice and Kurope fell over it. To-
quarrel with each other; they bore
each other no ill-will. A dozen men
a fortnight ago are darkened. Suffer-
preclpceand Europe fell over lt. Today, our happy Industrial prospects of
a fornlght ago are darkened. Suffer-"'
ing has come to he with us. Ruin
stares many of us in the face. Little
comfortable businesses are wrecked,
tiny Incomes bave vanished. Want it
In our midst, and death walks with
want. And when we sit down and*
ask ourselvee with fulness of knowl.
edge. "Why has thtt evil happened?"
thc only answer we can give la, because Sir Edward Grey haa guided
our foreign policy during the past
eight years. His ahort-alghtednesa
and hit blunders have brought all this
upon us.
I have been reminded of one of
those somber judgments which the
prophet who lived in evil timet uttered against Ureal:
"A wonderful and horrible thing Is
I
It It Impossible to eatlmate either Sir j committed In the land.  The prophets
Mward  Orey'i   culpability or   OeMpmphMy fttaety. and the prl*«te bear
IS
Remember; it is ABSOLUTELY FREE
to the Winner
MCLEAN'S DRUG STORE
VICTORIA AVE.    -:-    FERNIE, B. C
il
many'a thare of blame.
*   • ,-*
I Germany'* thare it a havey. oni.
Talcing a narrow view, the, with
Ruttla, It mainly responsible fur th*
war; taking a longer view, wo irn
equally responsible.   The conflict be*
i tween the entente and the alliance Had
to   come,   and   only   things   deter-
I mliiwl tlw tlm* of lis riming. Tho
firm wat the relative capacity of 'lie
rountrU'j to hoar the burdens of an
armed ptmoe. That «a« reaching Itt
limit tn most countries.   The second
>*#» the qttimtton oi now the chant-to
', whlrh tlm* wat brlmtlng *r*r* tttett
rule by their meant, and my people
love to have It to: and what will ye do
in the end thereof?"
Ay, wbat will ye  do  In   tbe end
thereof?—,V. Y. Call.
LOtl
OP   LIPI   IN  COLORADO
COAL   MINI!
Delivery of all orders on
and after Sat Sept. 12
Refori* nnd ulnre the utrlke of the
Colorado rotl miners began, September 23,  I»I3, the mine ownera refuted to meet npiweentatlvea of their
men.   alwaya claiming tlint they hid
Rothtmi to arbitrate."
That there tr* two tides to every
ing advcrt*iy  th* military power of} »i»*ttlon, no wee mtn can deny,
! the  rvtiirelU*   opponcnta.   The  at-;    There are two tldet to the Colorado
I lUuc* wat io receive a great Wow on j coal itrlke.
lliu* dwii-li of th*  Aimtlati   Kmpntnv:-.   The nitae■ owwtto limit {looM tile
j Rattle   waa   building   a ayatem   of i country with their literatim* *M*wn».
, Mraieetc mu*a>» up io ihe German i»»e to prove ihat ihey "have net*
■ i-^tff.i. 4m, w.H» **• -.u on mi»ft-a«4 ut, tu* w arottrate.
II km, ky which Urn* htr army waa toj Many question* are involved ta the
f»w gmoHjr ttMmttnuit. Tb-v *m*wu<,.Piwmt lai-taaimal mutti* le Colo-
! therefor*, wa* forcing Germany to rado which merit the attention of tke
* flirhi within two ymrt. iVe c*u uiwl*r. Ic-oualry nt lar*#. aad wktrb w* ♦'Mn*
,«„••.« me tmtmrp mine of Uermany j prove ihat thoro It aoinettitnf fe •*•
ftfvHl with thee* threatening chance*
if we remember hew feared we were
wh#n we were told of Herman threita
agiinat ouraelvea. The *tubb»rnti*at
of (trtmnny shown on every p%m dl
tb,* n*Vr,. Ptiptt was mt, nv.'tvt;, u,m
bit rale.
Thero It nothing more tacred than
life.
Wbtn. through criminal negligence,
through   ditobeyanco   of   the   lev.
'.'.'.V'-jutl*,   .'.^v.>(/. *   tiiaftag^nient    and
mm     XT    TV * ^
M. K. Davidson
Sole Proprietor
tary offtwtlveMaa tmt the aand of afiaadMioat*     ventllatto*,   the   wlM
- ■■s.-.i.Xx; Lulu* i»ui Uui tUtfkttU.*** \*<* ■ *.>«.n-«r» oi   t oiorado   httl    Mi   ihelr
  -*- lUUUttfliu'MiiiiUJ.i. 'i i,! i... j wiaet alatoat thro* timet aa many
' awn, §**r tti««*an.4 em^med. nn l*e
srctigt fov the failed «♦»!*»*, and
four timet the   average   ot   Slatee
Sfr/JMGurie
ti*^K»«5^iB^fHfti •*«** mwftioro recogatt* the rntirt
Mine Workers of America, we believe there la something to arbitrate.
None can deny that conservation of
life It a vital Issue In the future of
then United Statei.
StatUtlc* -published by the Bureau
of ai Ines of the Department of the
Interior show tbe wanton dltregard tn
which the Colorado operatori hold the
Uvea of their men.
In 1913 there were 13,000 men working In the mlnet of Colorado. Of thia
number, 101 were killed, or an av-,
erage of 8..11 per 1,000 men.
Bight thousand and thlrtytli men
worked in the neighboring State of
Wyoming, where the mine ownera
ittuMil** the fulled AlUiu tVortara.
tn this State, 2« men Were killed, or
an average of V-li men par thousand
employed.
MImouH, another Union State, had
10,143 mlnen at work, tlut ten men
tott their lives In the mlnet of thai
Htate, or an average of ,09 men per
tnouaand.
In the organised State of Iowa, lit,-
Ml minora were employed In   1113.
! Twent^tii men were killed, or an av-
] erage of IA1 per ihouaand.
j   Illinois, the bett organised State, In
America, employed JMM minor*. Ot
thew, t«i low their llm, or an avenge of t.0« per thoataod.
Oklahoma operators employed tU»tl
men, practically ail ef them memkera
| of tto11'-attitd lUii* Workers,  to thtt
ifltate, tweolv-ihree m*o wero hftied
for an average ef Lie per thoutaMl.
I    to Indiana, another organised Mate,
jtMlfr men worked In 1*113.  Stxty-ets
.ot thorn tmt ih-t.t lite* in Um mitm.
j or an average of 3.0i per thoutaod.
I   Ohio   otierotore    ewwlowd   »S,»*T
unton   mtnert.    One   hundred   and
eltty-flve of them wero killed, or at
avenge of 3.-S3 men per thousand.
tier* were ",t%MZ coal mlnen In
tho Hotted Sutes tn lti». Two tkeo-
•aod. tewa hundred and eighty-fire
of xke*e l«rtt thkif *)ii«a, or an average of 3JI erne per thoataod,
I in Colorado tne t*rrema«» at lives
loet wat tJl we« per ikeoaewl.
tM «• <*»»«* r tht dtnlb Etat of
Colorado nilnm la l»to
In that year 11.7c* men were ea*
ployed.   Tkrv* b«»drc*4 aaJ otaeteoo
Imperial Bank of Canada
HiAO OmOl, TORONTO
OtptUl P*ld Up. .17,000,000      EeMrve Fond ... .|7,000,OQp
O. ft. WILKIt, Pniltfe-M        HON. IIOIT JAPPRAY, Vtee-Pree.
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Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Pemie, Oeltftn, Kamloopi, Miohel, Neleen...
Reveteteke, Vanceuver and Vfotorl*.
•AVINOk OIPARTIIINT
Interact ellewed en tfepellto et tweet rate .from tote ef iepetN.
F1ENI1 BEAK OH A. M. 0 WIH Mgaiffer
THE CANADIAN BANK
HAJINJTALLEO
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Willi. Ittlt Deedt. Mofftfltfltt. Inttmnet PolkUt
W w  tmttm^t^M      nm •p*b^w™»   .. r^^* mr^^r^^^^^m    wrovw O^^B^^v^^p^^Ttrw     ^^om^mrwt^wnn^m^mmr^m .   am  ^^^^^m^m^^nm
or other valuables in one of these boxes
tie
! vlM' wWP»'»*wBWfc BW*P*w*..*w*^fc*mmtm^m mmmwpw w^m
IP* m* Fowler, Manager Partita Branch
i. .-• ii i M ' mmtimmm*mmmm*amem
wore WIW. or an nmmeo nt it * p**| !.*»• ■»•* tmpto-ywi.  Tile wm twice
tke avenge number of men killed te
tke I'nHed State*
Too okero ftguret thow one of tha
away feoooia fer tho preeeat strike
of Colorado coat mlnen.
-    !
The avenge number ot killed l» tke
mmm -unitm iMoiee woo A.W lor every tkbeeaad torn tmxdaym. m one-
sev^ftk ef tho avenge number of fa*
talttle* In Cotendo.
Theee aro tke facta Rot tbo open-
ton Intttt that tbey have "»o4kla« to
■■i,\iHxi'ii*,"
H lot i. ametyiwo Cotortdo Mfaon
oui of the M-Jil empteyee tow their
Idea, or m average ef 'ttt for overt
*ofllWWBH-^***R<pi'W epfiei "TgwwflWWjp*^o«
lo iMi there worn ti,em mam   n%
work io Colorado.   Of tkoee, oloety-
loft IMr nveUk Or »•*• tot Wtotf
A teacher tn New imtty wat bcar-
taf ker elate It eatonl Meter? neWe.
and, -calling op a kright-tooklag little
•Ht; aaktd? * -What H a meioaffftjr
annul r ~oo# tbat efeewa hor mb*,"
wm tke taaocooi ftfiy.
Tbo tell raertftthni ef the later-
national 1>pognpbkol I'atoo win ho
hen ta Lee Aetata*. Cetftonia.
A
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.■■■■ii..lf. THE DI3TRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 12, 1014
PAGE THREE
jy William Morris Feigcnbaum
It Mark Twain lived today, what
would he say of the mass murder,
what would he say of the butchery
and the annihilation of civilization
taat the forces of capitalization have
ua •■cashed?
To prophsey is a spny profession—
an even sonier'one is to guess what
ono who i.s io more might have done,
o" said, or thought, 'i thn*. one wer"2
hvmg. But we know whit thai great
spirit did say of war, what he did say
of the debauchelng of the great work
that clllzation has accomplished by
capitalism, by. war.
. -Mark Twain was one of the choicest graphical Union
greatest text-books. of democracy in
the language, "A Connecticut Yankee,"
IThe Prince and the Pauper" and
"Joan of Arc," three hooks that thrill
with love of .-mankind, with Wired, of
sham, and an unswerving conviction
that all men are as good as each
other, that the clothes and the tinsel
and the station we put on men and
women do not make them other than
the Tom -Oanties, of Offal Court.
There is a"letter to Howells wherein
he bails the Knights, of Labor ae the
benrers of light and hope for all mankind. iHe was beginning to see the
class struggle. He himself was for
all  his life a  member of the Typo-,
spirits that ever lived. In him dwelt
a great love for mankind, and especially a great love for the lower orders
of mankind. Not a trained economic
thinker, he made mistakes. Gut his
heart beat in tune with the masses,
and he wrote down what he thought
of capitalism. t. He wrote down, his
hatred and manly contempt and utter
detestation of sham, and fraud, and
oppression. But those whose opinion
he took as great wisdom prevailed
upon him t'o "kill" utterances that
might offend the delicate and tender
sensibilities of the dainty souls who
make a hero of hlra—they anight have
shunned him. And ever modest of his
own performances, ever eager tq yield
to his wife, these 'wonderful denunciations of capitalism have been left in
manuscript and have hardly become
known to the lovers of thereat man.
He who wrote this writes himself
down as one who loves Mark Twain,
one who drank deep from his* books,
whose childhood was made happy by
communion .with, his epics of eternal
childhood—who, as the years advanced*, grew to love him more and
imore, as the later and greater and
moro mature works were .read. And
when t read the excellent biography
by Albert Blgelow Paine, when I read
of his manliness and humanity in each
of the great cirses of his life; when I
read,thpse noble utterances that his
wife "killed," but wblch are glven.to
tlie world by 'Mr. Paine, I ■*felt that
my boyhood devotion—h"d   not henn
Then came his long residence
abroad, his financial reverses, his epic
tour of the world, and his hero-like
return to America. At the dawn of
the twentieth century, Mark Twain
was the darling of America; he could
Bay what he wanted. And he did. He
was consulted hy all, his opinion was
asked by all on all questions.
At this time America was in the
mira of her shoddy adventure in the
Philippines, the powers were looting
China, and the British were raping
South Africa. His *"To a Person Sitting in Darkness," In which he castigated the Imperialistic policy of the
country, is well known! And bis hatred
of the unspeakable cruelties in the
Congo arid Russia is equally well
known.      ^
For New Year's Eve, 1900, he
wrote:
A   GREETING   PROM   THE   NINETEENTH TO THE TWENTIETH
CENTURY
(The nineteenth century speaks:)
"I brlhg you the stately nation pamed
Christendom, returning bedraggled, besmirched and dishonored, from pirate
raids in Klao Chow, Manucburla,
South Africa and the Philippines,
with. ber soul full of meanness, her
pocket full ot boodle, and her mouth
full of pious hypocrisies. Give her
soap arid towel, but hide the lopking
-That was never made public.    The
fitrlplTlPRB nf   Ttfrtt   filnnrmona .xaaa tiy*i
impaled on its spines, the bleeding
heads of patriots who died for their
countries—-Boers, Boxers, Filipinos;
in one hand a slung shot, in the other
a Bible, open at the text "do unto
others," etc. Protruding from pocket,
bottle labeled "We bring you the -blessings of civilization." necklace, handcuffs and a burglar's jimmy.
Suporters—At one elbow, slaughter,
at the other, hypocrisy.
Banner with motto: "Love your
neighbors' goods as yourself."
Ensign-^The black flag.
Guard of Honor—'Missionaries, and
German, French, Russian and British
soliders laden with loot.
* *   • \
And so on, with a seWion for each
nation on the earth, headed hy the
black flag, each bearing horrid am.
blems, Instruments of torture,' mutilated prisoners, broken hearts, floats
piled with bloody corpses. At the end
of ail, banners inscribed, "All white
men are born, free and equal."
"Christ dtfed to make 'men holy,
Christ died to make men free.". ,
with the American flag furled and
draped in crepe, and the shade of
Lincoln towering vast and dim toward
the sky, brooding over the far.reach-
ing pagent.   ._
* *   •
It is "a pity that Mr. Paine did not
make public that section of the
pageant that included the American
nation, and to see what he thought
of this part of Christendom. But we
know how he despised the Philippine
adventure, and he readily put it in a
category with the spoliation of the
Boer republic^.
The "War Prayer" has recently been
made public in part by Dr. Henry
Neumann, of Brooklyn, who bad the
courage to dare the jingoes last spring
when they thirsted for 'Mexican gore.
But it has not yet been made public in
full.
The prayer pictured the young recruits about "to go away to the war,
without a thought of what was imported. There was the heart beat and
the drum heat aud the final assembly
misplaced, but that my love was based
upon something real.
In 1867, one of a party of .happy
tourists on the famouB "Quaker City"
excursion to the Holy Land, (Mark
Twain was one of a committee that
drew up resolutions to be presented to
tho Czar when they visited Russia,
nnd right proud and happy was he to
present them. He had uot yet learned
•what Czarlam was. He knew what
slavery was. He came of slave-holding folk. And he hadread that Alex,
ander had liberated the s,erfs. Not
knowing what a hideous mockery that
"liberation" was, he joyously congratulated the Czar and waa happy to
do to.
He knew slavery, He had been a
slavo owner. He had fought ln the
Confederate army. And from the daya
of the emancipation to the laat days
of hit life he held that humanity
owned a great debt to the negro for
the life nnd the liberty that It,had
robbed him of. [f he got a request for
a favor he burned it—it It happened
to be Insolent But If It come from a
negro it' waa ever granted. He
felt personally retpontlble for the'
centuries of degradation of the black
brothers, end all hit life he tried to
atone for It.
Aa he grew elder and more aettled,
aa he came under the Influence of hit
lire-long friend. William Dean How.
«U>, the gentle end the kindly, a man
who hat been for decade* atrvngly
tinged with Socialism (aa witnett Mi
Tiavukr Fuwii Anuria," aod
"Trough tho Bye of a Needle"), flltrk
Twain got to he more toeUlly-mlnded
than ever before. With chancterletle
entbnalaam ke helled the French Revo
lullon and ke wrote   three of  the
rm
"Jt was believed afterward that the
man was a lunatic, because there was
no -sense in what he said."
1 »   *   *
iMr. Clemens met Dan Beard and
showed him the prayer. He said that
he had real it to his daughter,.^Jean,
who told nim that he must not print
it as it was a sacrilege!
One day a reporter came to Eeu
Mark Twain about a rumor that he
wa? to run for United States Senator.
When he had dismissed the cub, he
thought over the matter and developed some of the humorous possibilities of the job. He thought that it
-might have led to the Presidency,
"and with the combination of humorist,
Socialist and peace patriot in the Pres.
idential chair, the nation could expect an interesting time."
Tlie time came when this man was
Hearing the grave, and the world
knew it. His misfortunes, the deaths
ot his dearest, had bowed him down.
The world saw a dying Titan, and
hastened to do him honor. Nothing
was too good for him. He was called
to the greatest, distinction that a man
of letters could get, an honorary
Doctorate In (Letters from Oxford. His
trip to England In 1907 was a triumph.
The nation bowed at his feet. When
he arrived, among those to meet him
was Bernard Shaw, and the two great
men, who loved and admired each
other, met as eagerly as Voltaire and
Franklin did in Paris. There were
royal fetes. There was the Punch
dinner, and the Pilgrims' dinner. And
when he wrote of it in a letter, what
stood out in his mind? The King's
welcome?   the Litt D.?
"Who began it (the welcome) ? The
very people of all the. people in the
world whom I would have chosen; a
hundred men of my own class—grim
sons of labor, the real builders of empire and civilizations, tbe stevedores!
They stood in a body on the dock', and
charged their masculine lungs, and
gave me a welcome that went to the
marrow of me."
Today, that, which Mark Twain
called Christendom has uttered the
dread war prayer and it is being
granted. It has prepared to assassinate civilization. The world has gone
mad. And in this International crisis,
the cool, soothing breath of a great
spirit would be a Godsend, the breath
of a man like that great, noble, unselfish, single-minded son of the working class, Mark Twain.—N. Y. Call.
The Need of Today
great to let that "blasphemy" get
out. >And here a word is necessary.
Mark Twain was a hater of cant and
of hypocrisy. .From his earliest boy.
hood he hated what went for "Chrlsc
ltanlty.' He loved the Christ, but
he hated the church. And all his life
he was a stout Infidel. But when he
speaks of the "nation known aa Christendom," he does not mean Christianity. He means those nations tbat call
themselves Christian, whose cant ia
the moro outrageous that they speak
for the gentlest and the sweoteet character In all legendary lore. -But we
Socialists would translate that word
"Christendom" Into "capitalism." -^.nd
tho nation that he held up to scorjl,
not oven omitting America and her
Philippine shame, Is the nation collectively called capitalism, the nation
that Is now at war and butchering tbe
noblest and best.
•He thought over that greeting; and
expanded it. tio worked out a pageant
that covered twenty-two typewritten
page*. It wat never published, It
begin*:
THE STUPBNDOU8 PROCBSSIOX
At the appointed   hour   It   moved
across the world In the following order:
The Twentieth Century—A fair
young creature, drunk and dltorderly,
borne In the armo of Satan. Banner
with motto, "(let wbat you can. Keep
what you get." «*
t Guard of Honor—Monarcha. Preal-
dentt. Tammany boeaea, burglars, land
tiilev«». convicts, appropriately clothed, and bearing sytnbolt of their aev-
tral trades.
Chrlttendom—A majestic matron In
flowing robes drenchtd with blood. On
her head, a golden crown of thone,
yvaged, no matter how many or few 	
hrtberehurebr-There was-the^n"^^ A-IWutlhlsnreleMvr"fomerly
tioii, there still remains the work of   the
civil  powers  to  be  done,   with,    if
"God the All Terrible! Thou who or-
dalnest,
Thuuder Thy clarion and lightning,
Thy sword!"
and then the long prayer for victory
to come -to ihe army. As the prayer
closes, a white-robed stranger enters,
moves up tho aisles and takes the
speaker's place; after some moments
of Impressive silence, he begins:
"I come from the Throne, bearing
the message of Almighty God! He hat
heard the prayer of Hit servant, your
shepherd, and will grant It If such he
your desire after I, His messenger,
shall have explained to you Itt import.
For lt Is like unto many ot ibo prayers
of men In that It askt for more Uian
be who utters It Is aware of, except he
pause and think.
"Clod't torvant, and yours, haa prayed hit prayer, Has he paused and
taken thought? Is lt one prayer? No,
It it two, one uttered, the other not.
Both have reached the ear of Him who
benroll! all supplication, the spoken
and the unspoken.
The first rude shock of war has
come and gone. The intense feeling of
suspense and hope that animated our
people when negotiations were proceeding has given way to sentiments
of confident resignation now that the'
nation Is definitely ranged Jn arms
against the forces of the Kaiser. On
all hands one meets a calm courage
and resolve to see the thing through
in proper manner. Similarl/, with
the mobilization of our military and
naval force, perfect organization and
ease of movement has been achieved.
Never before has the fighting machine
worked so steadily and harmoniously
in its preliminary stages. Thus, eo far
as our arms are concerned', there is
no need for care or anxiety. All that
so far could be done has been done;
all that can be done in the future will
be" done and done well—of that we
may be sure. But wbat we have to
bear constantly In mind is that a
nation at war has not to cease its efforts when it has prepared its troops
for, or "placed them In, the fleid. No
matter where or why war is being
degenerating into mere relief committees for tbe pauperization of the
unfortunate workers. We consider
this warning necessary because we
hear that there are to be case papers,
Identification cards, and all the other
paraphernalia of repressive pauper
measures used in the case of those
unemployed who are to be helped.
This manner of dealing with the problem must be dropped at once. What
is needed is the provision by tbe State
of prodqetive work for those who are
thrown out by the failure of 'private
firms. This holding together of our
national labor forces, the prevention
of physical destitution and consequent
"physical degeneration is a national
question, requiring generous national
treatment, vigorous efforts, and sympathy with understanding; class snobbery must be kept out of it. Forward,
then, in generous , and far-seeing
mood, witb the rebuilding of our
nation even in the midst of the chaos
of European 6trife.~Reynolds'.
citement and danger lasts. . . .i
Perhaps 10 per cent of the first lot of-
strikebreakers were fairly good mechanics, but fully 90 per cent knew
nothing about machinery and had to
be gotten rid of. To get rid of such
men, however? is easier said than
done.
"The first batch which was discharged, consisting of about 100 men,
refuse^, to leave the barricade, made
producing guns and knives refused to
budge. The company's fighting men,
after a day or two forced them out of
the barricade and into a special train,
which carried them under guard to
Chicago."
Here was one gang of hired thugs,
the company's fighting men, called
into service to fight another gang,
the company's strike-breakers.
Evidently the gunmen of America
are pretty dangerous Individuals even
for the Aemrican capitalist to deal
with, and in time they become as
troublesome to the big corporations as
the mercenaries of the middle ages
eventually became to the dukes ancl
princes of that time. It may be that
large employers will find that the support of a Mafia is in the end more
costly than to pay hard-working men
decent wages, and it is not unreasonable to think that the time may come
when -to deal with the Mafia will be
a far more troublesome matter than to
deal with the Unions. Certainly, the
■Mafia is becoming a very rich and
powerful institution. It is probable
that it has constantly in its employ
more men than are enlisted in the
regular army of the United States. To
support such an army means the levying of a heavy tribute on American industry.—Robert Hunter.
'5 BEST
possible, more than usual facility and
If bs affrlctlon due to internal troubles.
Here, again, we may compliment ourselves that, upon the first approach
of national danger, ail internaclnc
strife was promptly ended. What we
are most concerned about, however,
are the probable developments lu the
industrial world. For a time therd
will be but little trouble. The splendid response being made to the appeal
for volunteers rs relieving industry of
the pressure of unemployed units and
thus easing the labor market, but after a time tt Is practically certain
that the problem of unemployment
will become pressing, and will demand
urgent and drastic treatment.
To the end that as little distress and
misery as possible may be inflicted
upon our people we therefore counsel
prompt measures to be taken so that
we may be In perfect readiness to
cope with difficultyt aa they arise,
Certain Industries will be affected bu-
ARE  THE  SCUM   OF  THE  EARTH
She was a pretty, young school
teacher and was reading sentences to
her class, letting them supply the last
word.
"The Spinx has eyes," she read,
"but it cannot —"
"See!" cried  the children.
"Has ears but it cannot—"   —
"Hear!"  they  responded.
"Has a mouth, but it cannot—"
"Eat!" came the chorus.
"Has a nose, but it cannot—"
"Wipe it!".thundered the class.
The lesson then ended,—Ladles'
Home Journal.
Mrs. Kelly Advises all Women
to Take "Fruit-a-Thes"
Hagbrsviz.i,e, Ont., Aug. 26th. 1913,
"I can highly recommend "Fruit-a-
tives" because they did me an awful
lot of good and I cannot speak too
highly about them. About tout years
ago, I commenced taking "Fruit-a-
tives" for a general break-down and
they did me a world of good. We
bought a good many dollar's worth,
but it was money well spent because
they did all that you claim for them.
Their action is so pleasant, compared
with other laxatives, that I found only
pleasure, as well as health, in taking
them. They seemed to me to be
particularly suited to women, on
account of their mild and gentle action,
and I trust that some other women
may start taking "Fruit-a-tives" after
reading my letter, and if they do, I am
satisfied the results will be the same
as in my own case".
Mrs. W. N. KELLY
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold by alf
dealers at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial
size, 25c, or tent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
.1
The real bumper crop about to Da
harvested appears to be in Europe. It
consists of human beings—of workers exclusively—and they are to be
cut down by the millions in the Interest of "business."
The persistent aspirations of the
human race are to society what the
compass is to the ship. It sees not
the shore, but it guide* to It.—La-
martine.
In the war the Germans break the
neutrality of Belgium—a thing which
they had solemnly agreed not \o do;
and the French are using black troops
from Algeria against Germans—a thing
which they' had agreed solemnly not
to do. The word of the master class
is not to be relied upon either in war
or peace.
Tn
the United States secret service, testified several years ago that ,as a class,
the detectives were "the scum of the
earth. . . . There ls not one out
of ten that wouldn't commit murder
or any other crime."
A detective named Le Vin declared
before the Industrial Commission ot
the United States that thero were detective agencies where men could employ thugs to beat up anybody. A few
years ago the late Magistrate Henry
Steluart grew very Indignant in court
over tho shooting of a yojng lad by
those special officers.
"I think it an Outrage," he declared,
that the police commissioner Is enabled to furnish police power to these
special officers, many of them thiiRs,
men out of work, some of whom would
commit murder for two dollars. 'Most
of the arrests which have been made
by these men have been absolutely unwarranted. In nearly every case one
of these special officers had first pushed a gun Into the prisoners' face. The
shooting last night, when a Uioy was
ROYAL
H 0 T E L
FERMIE
"Ton havo beard your eervant'a be arfected for tome considerable
prayer, the uttered part of It. I am I time. In the engineering, ahlpbulld-
commissioned of God to put Into words lng and general trades employment
the other part of It, that part which j will doubtlese be brisker for a period,
tbe pastor, and also you In your j Coal mining, also, will, In all probe-
hearts, fervently prayed, silently. And! blllty, abaorb the workers In that In-
Ignorantly and unthinkingly? God | dustry, but tn other quarters help will
grupt that It was eo! Yoa heard thess be required almost Immediately,
words: N'Orant ua the vlotory, O Lord Thus there le every resson why the
our God!" That ts eufftelent. ,Thej UI.OOWOO ear-marked for the provls-
whole of the uttered prayer It com- - Ion of workers' houtet should be put
fore others.   Some, Indeed_wHIuot jk,„ed# lhowed tbe   „,,uu of   giving
power to such men.   It is a shame and
pleted Into tiuee pregnant words,
"Upon 'hi llttenlng tplrtt ot Ood,
the father, fell alto the unspoken
part of the prayer. Ho commandeth
me to put It ttto words.  Listen:
"O Lord, our Ood, our young patriots, idols of our hearts, go forth to
battle—be Thous iter tbem! With
them tn spirit, we alao go forth firm
the twpet peace of our Iwloveil firesides, to smite the fee.
"'0 Lord, our Ood, help es to tear
the soldiers to bloody shreds with our
shells; kelp na cover their untiling
in circulation almoat immediately.
Another of the flrtt tklngs needed la
a prompt measure to deal with food
supplies. By that we do not mean tbe
provitton ot defensive convoys for
food transports from abroad, but the
organisation and development of our
homo agriculture aad the rearing of
stock. At tke present moment there
ls work to he done In thle direction,
ead fortunately there Is alao existing
machinery and provision for doing it
It only the maehiae le put to motion.
The road board can promptly fled
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Gall in and
see us once
Holds with tho pale tonne of uwiriworkfortteteeoof uoutaadaof nan.)
patriot deads help us drown tht tkon- The d*v«to|M»e«t co»mlMto»ert bate
der of the met wltk tke wewtfe*. **k money snd an orfaalaottoa wklck
writhing with pain; kelp us to wring can easily he used both for effort-
th* hearts of tbelr unoffending widows station and development ot agrieui-
with unovalilttg gifW; help* ue lo ttwo wm Let tlio fevstiimmit hut put tie
them oot roofleet with their little ehlM bnek Into the work asd It coo owe. I
nm 10 asMer  uafrteaded   through ,u» oor oottoool roeeercee tad ■o.|Ww,(,V(.
a disgrace to the police department of
the city that such conditions are allowed to exist!"
AL thtt it pretty straight evident*
of thn character of the men employed ]'
by the American Mafia.  And when wc
reatlse that ono agency has constantly I
in Its employ over 5.tW0 of ihcse men,!
and that another agency asserts that)
)n one very minor strike tn Now York t
city It supplied over 1.000 guards, one j
may gain mime conception of how ex- j
tensive tbe ramifications of the Mafia j
sre.  A numb#r of agencies have been \
In tke bostness for forty years.  Ano, 1
from tke testimony mk***ti by varl-mm
I'nited States commission, It Is clear |
tkat  there are   hundreds   of the**
agencies, each of them employing him-!
dreds   and eetm>tlmc«   thousands of
men,   liefore the r^mi* Inquiry Into:
the conditions tn W*«t Virginia m*d«
by tbo United States Senate, an agent,
ef the Idem tmitkd tW* la the mil*
Hotel of Xew Torfc tbtr* mre hundreds,
of strike-breakers, ready to go any mo- j
ment lo nny part of the eeuntry.
~*!l t have to do," h*> d^Ured. "1*!
fn nm lo Mill* Hotel So 1 and put my j
heeds op 'hit way aod whittle twice
JOHN POOBJELANCIK. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you- bill any item of lumber nol
found Just as we represented.  Tbere
is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you w«ut spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip Io a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
bave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter If tbey bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Deafera In —
Lumber,   Lathi   Shingles.   Sash  and
Doers.    SPECIALTIES-Mouldlngs,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD-MoPherton eve.
Opposite O. N, Dtpot.   P.O. Box 99,
Phone tS.
Steam Heated Throughout
Elector Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 pet day
With Private Bath $3 00
Fut Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
'<*<v^<vw»w\<wyw*>^N^^l>^»i^^^«%.wi^<vvw'i
the WALDORF
Mrs. S, Jennings, Prop,
i Excellent Cuisine
L. A, Mills, Manifer
'*IT< »••
•V lit rrrji'
ll:
****«» ot t&eur ttwMHaue land tn rags*
xinoni Mitttttttee ao «t«*U«ety   «*»jattl!M4 overy one rushing down with
;i«MNMiOM bet Wheo mo we leaver
ot supplies. Ike u.employmsnt ^ tStleTho male o«eatle«. TMy know
the detUioUoa. sucb nn ntm betttp on-} u ,,. ,    .  , ■*♦-,. -     -   • •'_ .
dieted to cotton ojeetfere.
tad hunger aad thirst, sport of the ihe» »«t ko okeelatoty ao tear «tev|b|t Mekat*    They  wm t aak  anv
wn ftnme et mmtm mA tlw ky tw cf tke ttmk ee* tke <-i*<u**t ____,__,_ *,t wmm mm «• leaver
winds of winter, broken In spirit, worn
wlik travail, laplerie* Tke* fer the
tretoge ot tbo urave, nnd denied it—
Itor oor eakee, who adore Tbee, u»td.
blast their hopes,  blight   their Htm,
ptotnwt their bitter pllfrtmsge. make
keavjr their elope, voter their way
with tears, stela tie white mow wltk
tke  Itood of tk-ttv   homihM  f«-*>'.
We ask of ooo wte Ie tke spirit of
lunn, nad *U> tn   tbo   ever-teitbfut
relet* aod frfeni el tft tbat aro sore
besot, 000 oomt nts OM ottk twmMt
snd emrtrtte hearts. Grant our prayer,
O Uirt. tnd Thine be tke praise and
letter ooi ttm, ttem nm forever.
"(After ■ pooeo.)   To kave prayer
It; tf yo ntm ttotire ft, apeak!    The
ef tie Keel Utah *»ttt.'
We mmt otter e note ef warning et
tbls petal. Tie worker today te of
as much importance as anyone else.
Ho la aa keooroMs aa Ma "seperior."
He kee bom ae potrieUe ooi eo
ready more rea-iy in* bmw* -mm* xo
tettWm kMwett ta tke teteteeto tt
tU *»-**>-»»*» me km* ibe M-MObwt td toe
other date. K coeej-pteyi-MM sbooM
core*, let Mm ikoa be wntm btmet-
sbly aed aot subjected to aay degrading eiamlnaUon si to kit ante-
tndeote tt ptivoie Utt obtm bete* et'
tntod »wk hf tbo Oun*. 'Ibo oatleoat
eoi toaai ceeaaenteeo mm batag tone*
e.f to deal wttk imcmplormnnt aod
SMtltotSoe moot ko
aro At/km tbnto, Im Thtrty-*lsih street,
uptown, tkere must be tlity or seventy por cent strike-breakers there.
If oot engaged In getasboe work or
•rial Ikey call detective work, and ao
ee."
llw ekaracter of these piofesstoeal J
•tribe-brothers wss tnnt* t*rt fleer'
a few years *i« in nn mviwtl wport of*
Ike Cbkate ft nreai Wotteio Railway, j
. *To  m*a   ihe   ibnm  ead nwad-i
homes.' toy*, tho wpott, "tho coon-
paoy »•* etmp*ti*d ia ivwtrt in  pm- •
Ifitoatl    itrik*breaker*, a ttsss of!
■ten «ho ar* wilting to work during
fk«'eCMfe*menr nnd dangers of penmn.
01 taiory «fei<b   -attend   strikes, kot
win rofaee to work longer tboo ibo et-
— Amerimfi nnt,
Rnroptiin Wnn     W»»rtrtr UgM
Hot & Cold Water  Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
ioiwmtte itee immp Muse
tOAtaiOftrvii
Anerwst Pita Wtttt
HOOperDsj
i>*i^^.^***v&***i**^i*i+i^*t**^*i*ti*t*i^0*i*)*m0*0*0^**tm*0*^*0*0**itt^*i
THI
Bellevue Hotel
OOMMERCIAL   HOU8E	
•eet AeeenwedatKm in Wie Pagfc—
Up-t+Oste — f«ery   Csoveolenee*-'
Cxtslttnt Cuisine.
surraaui por laoiib ano oimtlimin
4. A. OAUAN, Prof*.
•kllsvui; Attn* .•^i
y^^^^7^f'/A:AXy^^^^'^X7'S^^
', ^ 1* "•  v ^""^'v i    *':!'" *' "* >■*
PAGE FOU&
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBWEl B C, SEPTEMBER 12/1914
Published every Thursday evening at its office,'
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising tptes on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
A WORD TO READERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
lt is necessary that we occasionally speak a few
plain words to our readers, so that they may more
readily understand and appreciate tlie difficulties
that   confront,  those  who  have   charge  of their
paper.   The result of the war has been a great depression in trade, that is patent to all.   Newspapers have been among the first to feel that depression and have been compelled to retrench.   Business men have   discovered  that   people  have not
any monoy to spend, so they cease to allure them
with advertisements.   Further, the wholesale housos
will not give credit to the retailer, and consequently he is compelled to conduct his business on a
strictly cash basis.  Advertising is absolutely necessary to the newspaper; increased  circulation  is
often a loss.  From a strictly business point of view
the only useful purpose that circulation serves is
to secure additional advertising.    Tf there is no
money to spend, the storekeeper is loath to advertise.    These, Mr. Reader, are plain facts.    This
paper, like other papers gets its revenue from advertising, while the job printing end helps considerably.   Job printing, with other business, is quiet,
so there is a shortage from that end.   Most of the
big dailies have reduced their size.   They have been
compelled to do this, as their advertising has fallen
off.   Remember, the reader is getting the same
amount of reading 'matter, as space heretofore devoted to advertising  is  now  filled  with reading
matter.
This is a candid explanation of affairs as we find
them. •   •
There is one point, more, however, which we
should like to touch upon, and this the question of
unpaid subscriptions. "With a subscription rate of
#1.00 per year it does not pay to be continually
sending out reminders that same is due. Postage
-T^-rteri*t^,^Yorl-rnrery~soon^bfiorb^ny--profit-tlMiit'
inuy be left from a rate of $1.00, and if readers
will not take the trouble to renew then, it is
, cheaper to lose them than to keep on "dunning."
Therefore, we shall he exceedingly-obliged if-readers will take note of the expiration date oirtheir
.label and forward their dollar in advance.
Every possible effort will be made to prevent this
journal being run at a loss, but it is up to the proprietors (the members of District 18) to see that
Ihey do their share.' If they shoulder their portion,
which is $1.00 per year,, we have not the slightest
doubt that the period of depression will be nego-
lia fed safely.
F.—What do you mean by conscription, being
compelled to join the army?
V.—Yes, that's it.
F.—Well, if that's what you mean, even if it is
in a different way, you have been conscripted.
Why did you eome out to this country?
V.—I couldn't get steady work, and read in the
old country papers that there were plenty -of
chances'in Canada for young men who were willing
to work.
F.—You couldn't get steady work in your country, eh? In plain English, you were forced to get
out of the old country, not because you particularly
wanted* to, but because you couldn't get a steady
job?
V.—There Avere so mauy men idle at that time
that it looked to me that if I didn't get out before
what bit of money I had was all gone, I stood a
good show of being on the bum altogether.
F.—Now, we are getting down to the milk iu
in the cocanut. You say you were obliged to get
out of your country or starve to death in it, and
yet you say you are willing to take a crack at the
Germans and Austrians to keep them from taking
a country which didn't even hold any hope for you
except starvation if you stayed in it.
V.—Don't you think that is a cool-blooded way
of putting it? Everybody doesn't leave the old
country for the same reason that I did.
F.—No, not all of 'em, but there's a big raft that
does; iu fact, that's the reason thousands do, and
I'm oue of them. What I want to know, is what I
said true, or isn't it!
V. (grudgingly)—Oh. it's right enough in my
ease, but you know every man has a kindly feeling for the place he was born iii.
F.—That I'll grant you, because it's the place
where the happiest days are generally spent, but
was it the Germans or the Austrians who made
you quit it?
V.—No, but trade was so bad that there were
thousands in the same boaft with me who couldn't
get work for low nor money.
F.—Did you ever stop to figure it out why so
many men who were willing to work couldn't get
any work?
V.—Hanged (He didn't say "hanged.") if I
know, but I expect you are going to talk Socialism
(said in a sarcastic tone) -to me now.
F. (warmly)—I don't give a rap what you call
it. I'm talking common sense and you're not going to wriggle out of it by telling me I'm going off
on Socialism. Surely to goodness that which has
hit you mighty hard, from what you've already
told, is worthy of some study, so don't let words
frighten you.
V.—rGo on; I suppose 1 might as well let you have
■your'say*:	
F.—I am going to ask you some straightforward
COALHURST NOTES
TAB^B   NOTES
THE REASON "WHY"
Instead of a carcfull balanced, correctly worded
editorial on the subject of "Patriotism." we will
give our readers tite gist of a dialogue overheard'
in I'Vrnie during the past week. Those who indulged in this conversation may rccognizev at least ono
of them may, because the other is now in camp
at Vnleartior with Meant possibilities of of rending these line. Wc do not mention the names of
thp xpealwrs, for obvious reasons. Thero is nothing -especially remarkable about the utterances, as
they are quite commonplace, hut to the man on the
gtreet ahould furnish a little food for thought •.
VoHmteor—Hure. Mike, I'm going to tho front.
Friend—-Tt wouldn't surprise me a little bit, old
num. if you ever get out of Canada, and very likely
you'll be kept busy guarding C. P. tl. property.
V.—Gee! I'm not nlu«k on that kind of work;
I'd rather be sent to the Wont nml have n ir«» at
the enemy.
I-V-Takc my tip; you'd be better off a long shot
guarding bridges and elevators in Canada thnn
tramping e\\ over France nnd Belgium, with the
Oerman* hot on your I Nil.
V—Thnt may he all right enough, liut I want to
IW1 tliat I'm fighting for my country nml nol m n
r, P. U. policeman.
V.  -'laughing)-Ymir country
Where wpmrcountry?
V. twiiiM'Hiiat iicltlcdi—Why, KiikInimI. »f cuttr*.
Wasn't 1 born there*
F. < still mulling)—Keep ymir hat on. old nock*. I
know well enough ymt were born in Kttirlitnd. but
linw much of it ii "your country?"
V.-~Oh. if you mean by that how much do I own ?
I don't own n Mmml font, bul then I wouldn't like
t« n** the -Herman* or the AuKtrianft get a hold. be.
eatme then every man would have to be a soldier
or a »«Hor, whether he wauled to or not.
F- Tliat'* ymir way of looking nt it. hut
questions, so don't get on your ear, because I won't
jump the track of fact.   Why have you joined the
•Volunteers?
""   V.—I told you once—to fight for England.
F.~If I told you that. I knew where there was a
steady job on a year's contract, at #4 a day, would
you have volunteered then?
V.—That's a fool question, because you know as
well as I do that those' jobs are not hanging around
loose anywhere these days. ,
F.—Suppose it is a fool question/there have been
jobs like that in the pa»t.
V.—There's So-and-So (mentioning a well-known
Fernie man) who threw up a good job.
F.—'' One swallow doesn 't mako a summer.'' The
majority didn't, or you wouldn't have picked
out .
V.—Well,to tell thc truth, I sure would have
thought more than onco if anybody had offered me
four bones a day and steady work for a yoar.
F.—Put that aside for a minute. What wero you
doing just before you 'listed!
* V.—-I'd heen out of work for a whole month, and
had only done odd jobs for three or four months
liefore that. I was nearly broke when words came
that men were wanted to go to the front.
F.—Had you anything iu sight for tho winter?
V.~-Nothing that you eould write home about.
You know that as well as I do.
F.—To put.it without frills you were forced to
join the army because times were to had that there
wm* a big chance of your being like you weiv beforo
you came to prosperous Canada. Bh. now isn't that
the truth!
V.—Say, but you do piu a fellow down!
F.—Of course I do, as I think it's time young fellows like ns should look deeper into these things.
V. (apologdicnl lone*)—Do you blame me for
'listing?
F,  -Sot 1, old mini, becflust' 1 know thut it's/our
The mine worked only two days last
week, and prospects look about the
same for this week.
Robert Brown, outside superintendent, was up to Beaver iMIaes last week
end. returning Tuesday.
Quite a number of Conlhurst sports
went to Lethbridge Monday night to
witness the boxing bouts. Some of tihe
local talent appeared ou the stage and
put up a pretty good showing.
Labor l)ay was quite a Derby day
in Coalhurst, the day's program commenced at 10 a. m., with a football
competition to teams of five players,
Four teams entered and played; ten
minutes each way. The game was run
on points; a goal counting three
points, a corner one point and no offside. The teams known as the Drivers
were drawn to play the White team
first. IThe Whites, whioh, by the way,
were the favorites of the day, had their
hands full to beat tbe boys who drive
the mules. Score: Whites, 2 goals;
Reds-, nil.
The next game was between teams
known as Shotlights and Blues. The
Sbotlighters proved to be a poor bunch
from the start, and the Blues recorded
eight goals> in twenty minutes.
After- aa interval, the teams, composed of the following players, were
lined up for the final: Whites:
Skelth, goal;. A. Birae, back; Duncan
McXab, Strachen and Coles, forwards;
Blues: Geo. Bradford, goal; Wm. Clapham, back; Wm. Roach, *F. 'Barrlngham and Adam Robinson, forwards:
The Whites won the toss, and with
the klckoff got through and headed for
goal. A. bye was the result. With the
goal kick the Blues got iu possession
and carried the ball to the opposite
end in good style. A pass from Barrlngham to Roach resulted 1n a daisy-
cutter Bhot from the little Newcastle
kid, that scored the first goal ot the
game, after two minutes' play. -Both
teams were playing well and some fine
football was witnessed. The .Blues,
after eight minutes again got through
and Wm. Roach slammed the ball at
the White goalkeeper. This time, however, Skelth was there and made a fine
save, but failed to clear properly, and
Barringham netted the ball In the
inixup that followed. At halt time the
score was two goals, ln favor of the
Blues. After the interval, the Blues
worked to hold their lead, while the
Whites did all they could to beat it
-AlL-haadsHPlayed—a—splendid-gamer
Atter tlve minutes the Whites made
their first point from a splendid shot
wliich Bradford saved at the expense
of a corner. Coles took the corner
kick, which was well placed. 'Billy
Clapham was there, however, and the
ball again went to mld-fleld, with two
minutes to play. The White made a
successful attack and scored; A. iBlrse
doing the trick with a splendid shot,
and the game ended with the score
6 points to 4, in favor of the Blues.
Only one foul was registered through
the game and this was unintentional.
We believe this was the best game
ever wlthnessed In Coalhurst The
prize money was only $15, to Ibe divided $10 and $5, but the rival feeling existing, which was honorable all
through, caused each team to go with
a vim and make things Interesting.
At 2 p. ra. a base/ball game was played between two local team*. Seven
Inning were played, but the game all
through was a pretty tame affair and
nobody seems to know who won. The
prise money of $15 went to the club
for supplies.
Tbe tug-of-war, with three teams ot
seven men waa won by n team cap-
tained by Bob Conner, who beat the
Italian team, tbat was io dread*, quite
easily. Frlie, $10.
The barrel boxing toarament was
woo by Out Newbury; George Bradford, second.
Arthur Benson won the 100 yard flat,
open to Union men, with Qua Xew-
bury -wcond and Jack Clayton third.
Arthur Benson was alio winner In
the 100 yards open, with Barnest Ru-
eanan second, 11. Kite third.
Airs. J. Baker wm winner tn the
ladl««' Tr. yard race, witb Mrs. John
(luasella second, and Mrs. Prescott,
third.
There were many other races, too
numerous to mention, and about $200
nun given away, A greasy pig event
was last on   the   program.    Charlie
The tfhistle still Wows for no work
at the Auada West, Only two days
were .\v0rked laat week. Prospects for
this we^ do not look any better, as
Wedne&^y, is an Idle.day. None of
the sm^N mines bave started up yet,
so that -^aber is a good place for a
man seeing employment to keep away
from.
Lal^of **ay passed off quietly In this
camp. The financial conditions did
not permit of much celebration. The
band pl^J'ed in the park in the morning, and ft football game and a •baseball za.iP** Ailed in the afternoon. The
football Same Was between the firemen
and the Canada West, and was won by
the latt^. by a score of two to nil.
The -ba*&ball game between Taber and
Lethbrid&e was a walkover for the
home xje*.xn, as the pitcher for the visiting te-at-u did not show up and the
substitute was easy for the Taber
boys.
The *'Ork on the waterworks is
again &eld up. owing to shortage of
lead. There are some bright minds
running this town. After 'waiting a
month tor pipe, it was only then that
they discovered that tbey were out of
lead, i Suppose the Taber .Times will
soon be calling tor the election of good
"bu8lDe#* men" to the council.
The regular meeting of Local 102
was held on Sunday, and considerable
busines* was transacted. The question of organising tho newcomers in
the ceijflP was taken up and the president P&-1 secretary, were instructed
to get V^oy with the check-off on tbe
first waking d«y. As jthat happened
to' be today, the check-off was very
much 10 evidence this morning.
.The .*'ashhov»e still remains the
same—the foundation waiting for the
building- The material is on the
ground, but it is supposed that tbe
war ha*8 cut off the finances, and we
will hav* to wash at home until the
war is °ver.
Japanese gun wor>s has tbe correspondent, of. the Associated Press on
Its payroll to help fan the war scare
witb the United States, and fill the
pockets of its own directors and those
of its ally, the American Steel Trust.
Such is the\war- Industry of today.
Of such atuff ardour patriots made,
From such material is created tbe national hatreds that would send millions of workers to be slaughtered)-to
make a steel trust dividend.—Ofilwau.
kee Leader.
PATH LOGIC   ASPECTS  OF  VA-
GRANCY
•THE   WAR   INDUSTRY
For B*any years warB have been
waged f°i* conquest. Once they were
caused hy the desire for plunder or
the pr0*4ure of -population.
With *he coming of the production
ot good* for profit it was easier to
send ttJfi goods to bring back the 'Profits that* to enter Into and possess the
land ntA enslave the peoples. So wars
were wafted for markets.
The acting superintendent of the
Xew York Municipal Lodging House
has made a study of about two thou
sand vagrants. His examination shows
that the immediate cause of vagrancy
is not, in the great majority of instances economic, but pathologic. The
common impression is that a great
many of the vagrants of large cities
are men whose advancing yeara have
thrown them out of employment. It
was found, on ihe contrary^ that the
majority of the men who applied to
the Xew York Municipal lodging
House were young— Indeed, in the
very prime of life. Of the two thousand men examined—5 per cent were
under 21, while only 6.85 per cent
were over 60.
It Is also generally assumed that
the majority of the vagrants are foreigners. There ts an Idea, too, that a
great many ot tbe vagrants ln large
cities are not city-born,, but'have been
attracted to the centers of population
because of the ease with which an unearned livelihood may 'be obtained
there.
The report, however, contradicts all
ot these a priori impressions.v- Ot the
two thousand men examined, only 2
per cent had been In this country less
than three years, while only 9 per
cent had been in Xew York less than
one year. The average time of residence ln the metropolis proved to be
thirty.two years and four months; as
thirty-six was the average age of the
men altogether, they had lived' practically all of their lives in the city and
the superintendent adds that "practically all of these two thousand were
our own native sons."
About 35 per cent of tbe nomeless
men who seek shelter of the municipal
lodging house are unemployed; 12.
per cent of them showed definite evidences of defective-mentality. The1
infirm from age and those handicapped by the loss of a member represent about as many more. About 10
per cent are habitual loafers and confirmed-beggars,- wbo have lost the
habit of work. Sixty-live per cent
are willing and able to work, but
are 'hampered partly by lack of skill
and partly -by tbe fact that they are.,
victims of the seasonal trades which
employ a great many men ait certain
times of the year and very few at others, leaving men without any definite
occupation fpr months every years,
Alcohol played an important role.
About SO.fler cent of these men proved
to be excessive drinkers, a fact which
is not nearly so significant as the admission of over 30 per cent that   intoxicating liquors were the sole cause
of their dependency and wretchedness.
When out ot work a great many ot the
men   become   discouarged   and   de.
.pressed and then are unable to rouse
themselves  to  take up  their   labor
again. The actual study of conditions
in Xew York emphasizes the need for
the physician's Interest In social problems, says The Journal of the American Aledical Association.    Vagrancy
among us is distinctly an American
and not an immigrant problem,  it Is
our own people who need care to prevent the occurrence of social breakdowns that are as serious in their way
for the Individual and the community
as physical breakdowns.   This is the
day of prevention rather than cure,
and knowledge ia the best possible element in prevention.   Undoubtedly social-work in connection with dispensaries can do much to relieve this condition and with the decrease of Infectious diseases social service becomes
the physician's.next duty.-—Journal of
the American Medical Association.
Just -before the war the workers in
many cities of Russia declared a general political strike. Russian rulers,
as well as German and -British rulers,
wanted to turn their rebeltous workers
into cannon fodder.
Smilom
quickly atop* couch*, cure* cold*, and heal*
the throot and Innm. •:      ca cent*.
bremlbiiNkrt you were really thinking nbout. «J-
hulv mackluaw' tli-msrh you were trying to bluff youwlf into think- P***** eaptured the pig and at» got
in,* it \v«» your country you were going to right
tor. I 'm hut blaming any niugi*? flmp for gettiim
i iiiiu thi* *i-raj» when he cannot gel along any other
K,i,v, but what I blame him for In trying to make
out lhat tl in pit I riot mm timl maile him join,
V.  -Thcrr< nre lots of young fellow* joining who
have clunked up good job* (Mention* otto well-
known yoiiuK man) witn irooil futures before litem.;
r\—T-hat k very likely. Iiecntiite they're still w«r«|
ing the name old blind* thnt mro put on litem wh*n *«"*»•*•» »«« hart ttmtmme
they ttent to school in the old country and ww^ *• *"" ^ " {U oUw «*
Muffed to tbe mtmle about the noble deed* of Marl-
V. (breaking in the eon vernation J—Vou itnn t j nomtigh, Nelson, Wellington ami other*, unit twy-
mimn to tell m* thnt you'd like to be governed by Hike thej* atillhave dream* of copying the*w shining
, OerniHti ? i N*'1** m Mrili*'1 history. In many eases the parent*
Y.—.\k for that part. I don't know that it would 1 of these young fellow* left the old Innd ber*ttw»
make very much difference.   If ! lived in a  house they eottldn't afford to bring them up in the style
iiwiifd S"  a fli-rukan aiuI dMnV|»Y tU ■ mit tn -[their eiHt> x\ ..\mw\x\.   If the cjttwtlon wi-r» \,\x\ UJ   oriMrtu grow by wmrtrtuii««l--iw«
wonld hi. just nn likely tw fit* me out no if «nj tl*™ wiw Join. Have y«ro» ^
the xreasa. The day wat a success
throughout, and great credit Is due the
committee and all who assisted, tor
thc way tbe whole affair was handled.
iMr. and Mn Harry Thomas ware at
home to their mau> trltads oa Sunday evening, to celebrate tbe anniversary ot the tint year ol happy married
tifi. •
lut  oerman   competition   tor tba
tions. This Is shown by th* ferocity
with whlrh th*** *w.l t-hetr setdter
slaves to go shoot and bt shot by the
Herman Midler slaves.
HOW CHILDREN GROW
Kngllfthman or a r>nadi*n were the landlord.   If
l go tA-Vmli for a job the man who hire* me i* jn*
nt likely to fire me withont any regard to hi*
nailonuilty or my own. If h# mi get th'e work done
cheaper.
yoi* WJo-vr in cause ri pf ton?
V.-That Wwt of talk may *omul ult right, att
right, hnt ym mrtlf don't muati to tell me that
enough to k-H**)* yourself through the winter? what)n'k-miiUitiiag Mood; too oltca their
pmportion do yon think would aay "yes?" J6!K*!^J5^lSitt
V.—i dvm't know that, bnt fhoae I do know iljiln 11 h» wwiktwiw. ftallnm *mt i*tme*s.
hare mm h of a Make when thty **wl. j Jfciff^^^iT^St
F.—-My opinion i* that half »r» cwnpellwl to join | tncjiwf*ni, ps* or frail, givttlwai IW*ott,e
beenme ot shortage of work, and the other hnlf ia ^»^*^^-.^^i*^
divided between patriot* and tflWr* <tt firhvnfm,.
ami exeitement.
It sharwns tb* ajmtlt*. MM*
health/ flesh, tfn» mtisefel -tod actlv*
brains.
Scott's 1* growing-fowl tor
]Ufn-w aW-obolic
: swostftin**,
"TEen ^ame a cffihgeTnTfie mecfienT
les or -ifiHr Itself, and just as the coming of the machine into industry
changed the whole face of society and
created * new «et ot social relations,
so when the <war machinery was
change^ the methods of producing
ware cP&hged.
About twenty years ago war and tbe
preparation for war became a by-product of the steel Industry, already tbe
largest *nd most powerful of industries. With the building ot dread-
naught*' the dependence upon armor,
tbe maAfacture of fortifications from
steel |0*tead of earth and stone, tbe
long ■conflict between guns and armor,
with tt>e transformation of military
tactics Joto a division of mechanical
engineering, new and powerful interests eftjne to depend upon war and the'
fear of *'ar.
WheJ> this change came the world
had ju#t begun to congratulate itself
upon tt19 dawa ot universal peace,
Perhaps It was only u dream, but any
one wt»° will torn back to the periodica) literature of a dscade ago will
be surprised to m bow frequent wero
the pr-^tctlom that the days ot war
had pttkni.
Nftvl-** and standing armies and
war appropriation* in general wero al-
most joaignlfctot In comparison with
today.
But "hen th« manufacturer of jingoism and national hostilities became
tbe su?*st way to secure Immense
profits tor the most extensive and
powerful capitalists, the world began
to bristle with bayonets and the seas
to swarm with grim warships,
It w#* many roars before tha veil
was ior* from this international war
factory- But since Karl Mobknecht
rose |0 th* Herman Reichstag and
showed that tb* Oerman aad tba
French %ar trust work hand to hand
to fan (he flam** of national hatred,
■axpoauf* bat followed ospoiure In almost 0*«ry modern nation,
It lm* been shown that tlm German
Krupps. th* French Cretisots and
8a*S<M>. th* Knglisli Marina, the
America* gtsw) Trust and th* Japa-
im-m nPf manufsctnrm ar* all unltod
In one international band for the pir.
pose uf tu-ftuufi-U'turl&K military spirit
nnd nuKhliio gmm, mutual antagonism
and bllKtr armament*. JlBfolan and
iti***no*-*ruu. n*t *mtw $M Mine*
i,s-■-■.-, A'-'liLf'Stt. ' -J..'vt.»«.*„ ili.ii y.w...
able <o*Ur»ct*.
*§#*«4*1 h*« (fallow*! s**a4st. la
Oerman^ Rngjsnd. Pranc*, Japan
ttnssin atid the United States It has
tta**. iv-**, xmm-x ***** tot* men oeo
tmpei Profit* from the manufactar*
of war -msterlal* were la gor*ra-
mental bostttons where they could
mannf*rttir« w»r scam.
It nt* discovered that "war s«er*taH
w*r* p*e«t(tf(»'f rmm niftfon In nation,
g*natof biipont, as chairmen of thai
mffffyrf committee, helps lo furnish
ih* w»r bent, while the Dupost foe*
der ■Cwtkbnny tells powder to botb as-
ttoa*
la all th*** ronatrf** a etoce wa-
aftttea Vj-h ti»e prett thit tbtUAn
for *-if **t<; h.,cn mtcovcrcd* A C?«r
man «r*»arm«iu llm swppll** "war
news" to Vreacb w»ra to more bla-
ger npptopttntumt la Oensaajr.   A
Grand Uniori^Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We c-ater to the workingman's trade
G. A, CLAlh .•-: Proprietor
93135
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security aa ;weM.
With a poHoy in our oM Kne
oompany, you oan go off oa your
vacation or vMt tbe end* of the
earth aud you know you're se-
cure.  The beat In
PIRB INSURANCE
to always cheapest, mod especially ao. -when It doeaat coot
higher. Dont delay about that
renewal or about that extra Insurance you want but com* right
In at onca and bave H attended
ta.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLI AOtNT POR PHRNII
n        rviuriB, B. c
WHIN A WIPt LIGHTS
HIR HUSlANO't CIOAR
lt prom that ab* enjoya IU fragrance as much as h* doe* Its
perfect flavor. WaH, many vives
wcoursae their husbsnds to
amok* our cigars, But encour-
sg*m*nt Isn't n**d*d. Tha lint
puff make* It unn*c*ssary.
W.A. Ingram, Fernie
our eoppit is oooo
SRHH
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's Leading Picture Theatre
LUCILLE   LOVE
IHE QIRL Of MYSTERY
Prwan llth. Sartaa No. 4. Ob* of tht moat eoatly two raal wb-
J«t» ever prefaced.
Saturday Matinee and Evening
Pauline •«••* end ttwtteett 'tttttetr m m a -Oetd tsar Drama
THS EMBEZZLER
Two ra*ls. Spencer h*s ilrsd * llf* of goodness to stons for
crime of *ab**i)«ma»t. HI* daisght*r know* nothing of tbt paat,
Dtxoti, howerer, know* and Wicfcmall*. A plot is concocud to auk*
ker marry Dtsoa, km k* I* ktn*d by a pall aad ah* marr!** tb* attorney. .
MONDAY
MaittMt WltmflMb tH Pmmlemt Amortno Atter Ht
ammamrmm    MRUTK
Poor rootn, Tbo ¥nt* tt stmts* dram* af tb* clash of will* tm-
twoM n strong asaa and a proad. nvariekMsa woasaa. How b* torn-
oonn aad fargiv** bet to vfvMlf portrwi te ttm Mala of this m-
mtngtr rtawwte rtrama, Tp and W Cant*
IVIRV WOMAN WILt MATS AtfO LOVt "THI tWUTI-
SM,.;
NiLiiliiliW-iWWffll'liWWf r, *\**%<3ti}!8ftiiS- -f'?^?.
yv-^W^wW.
(if.
1 t.J
THE DISTErCT LEDGER, FBBNIE, B. o., SEPTEMBER 12,1914
PAGE FIVE
District
;♦        COAL CREEK NOTES
Methodist Sunday School Picnic
The juvenile element of the camp
waa early astir on Monday morning,
.giving evidence of joyful anticipation
of the picnic to Morrissey, under the
auspices of the .Methodist church.
The company kindly provided a special
train, which was quickly filled to Its
utmost capacity. Owing to some little misunderstanding, some time elapsed on reaching iMorrissey, as to finding a suitable place to picnic. /This
waa eventually accomplished, and a
•staff of willing workers soon had the
smell of hot coffee permeating tbe atmosphere and the needful for the
inner man ready for consumption.
After the eats, various games were enjoyed. Some of the 'warriors bold went
out in search of the ferocious animals
(.gophers) which Infest those parts,
while disciples of the great Ike Walton
followed out their pursuits with rod
and line, several good tags -being the
result. The return journey was made
on the. regular local eastbound
train. A special train was in attendance to convey the excursionists back
to Coal Creek. The committee desires to thang General Manager Wilson for facilities granted, also the
parents of eome of the -children for
the help rendered; and ail who ln any
way assisted.
iW.O. Overebyi was in camp (Monday and -Tuesday, renewing old acquaintances.
News of the death of 'Mra. Dan Oliver waB received In camp with great
surprise. The deceased lady was
•well known and respected in the
camp, and for several years was a
prominent member of the .Ladies' Aid
ln connection with the Methodist
church. She leaves a husband, to
whom our sympathies are extended.
Mr. and Airs. Joe Worthington.journeyed to -Michel on hearing of the -fire
which occurred there. Mrs. Worthing-
ton's relatives suffered very heavily
COURAGE AND
CONFIDENCE
In times of great stress, when the usual routine of life is;
upset and nations war with each other, it demands all our fortitude to remain calm and await the outcome with confidence.
These days are full of unrest, and the trade of the world
and the business of small communities alike feel the effects
of the turmoil of war.
On the Working Class the
Greatest Burden rests
sd^Hftwr^nmunitier^yHtfEere"^
for tlieir benefit are in operation is there protection against
unreasonable oppressiveness in the prices of food and doth-
ing. Working men of Oolemen, support the Co-operative Store,
spend all your dollars there. Whether you realize it or not
The Co-operative Store stands
between you and excessively
high prices for necessities of life
Western Can, Go-Operative
TRADING 00. LIMITED
COLEMAN ALBERTA
INVICTUS SHOES
This cat shows tht exact style
of the Auto last, which is made
up in Box Oalf ud Oun Metal
(Uf.
Wt alio cany a Velour Oalf
made up on tbt SXO BIN tot,
whioh it a little wider than tht
Auto, and it made with a wide,
low httl.
Tbt OftUTO ii • Buttoned
Kid, like tbt Auto last, in Oun
Metal Oalf, All these are tbo
Uteet ia mta's ftoi ibott, and
will bt mailed to any address in
Albert on receipt of price, $6.00
Ladies1 & Children's Coats
For Ths Pall
WB HAVI OP1NBD OUT THI NBW FALL OOATS
Tht ftn coats art now on view and are simply charming.
They art from tbt Canada Cloak Company of Toronto, which
U a guarantee that tbey art the last word in ooats.
0ONM WfitMl nm thaw
in   consequence.    They   returned* to
camp Tuesday morning.
Our genial store manager went'out
on his usual week end fishing expedition, returning with several monsters of the speckled bull trout variety. One fellow turned the scales at
four and one-half pounds, measuring
twenty-two inches. Our thanks,
Charlie.
Arrangements are in progress for
the holding of a benefit concert and
dance in the club hall on Wednesday,
September 23rd, the proceeds to -be
devoted to Mrs. Harries,' whose husband responded to the country's call
and rejoined' his regiment. Tickets,
adults, 50c; children, 25c. '
Don't forget the great Rugby football game, Coal Creek vs. Fernie, to he
played pay day. The proceeds are
to go to the Instrument fund of the
Fernle-Coal Creek Excelsior band.
Several new arrivals are reported ln
the camp in consequence of a visit
paid by the bird of the long legs. On
Thursday; September 3rd, to Mr. and
Mrs. Tom Oakley, a son. September
7th, to Mr. and 'Mrs. C. Perrie, a son.
September 8th, to Mr. and Mrs. W,
Reed, a daughter. All concerned' doing
well.
Coal Creek football club will be represented at the inter-provincial football game,, whioh takes place on Saturday, September 12th, at Coleman, the
proceeds of .which are to be donated to
the Hillcrest disaster fund. The following players are chosen by the
executive: R. Johnstone, G. Booth,
T. Walker, J. Yates and Wm. McFegan.
01 r. and Mrs. John Evans nre spending a few days' vacation at the coast.
Paddy *Egan and Sam Niohols have
left for fields and pastures new.
Several, trophies of the bush have
been brought into camp, ae a result of
the prowess of some of our local
sports.
We would advise all Coal Creek
members of the L. 0. O. Moose to attend the next lodge meeting, on September 21st, when matters of importance will he brought up.
A flail ot rock iu No. 9 mine on
Tuesday afternoon resulted in Frank
He is rather severely bruised about
the <back and shoulders, and will be
confined to hospital for several days.
Sandy Wewar, Archie Anderson and
G. Bait journeyed to Lethbridge on
Sunday night ana took in the football
game between Coleman and the Lethbridge Callles.
. iMlss Watt, from Nova Scotia, has
taken up a position as school mistress
lu the public-school in Coleman.
Coleman football team journeyed to
Lethbridge and engaged one of the
local teams, the Caledonians, oa Labor Day. After. a punshing ninety
minutes the game ended in a draw of
one goal each. Thomas Jackson was
Coleman's goal scorer,
. The Order of Owls had their picnic
at Crow's Nest Lake on Labor Day.
A large party of young and old journeyed to the lake and thoroughly enjoyed themselves, The day was somewhat marred toward evening by rain,
nevertheless, all report having a good
day's outing.
♦ ♦
♦ MICHEL NOTES ♦
son.   Mother and baby are doing well.
William Porter and company are
on a hunting trip in the Erickson valley.
The dance and supper took place on
Sunday night, with a good attendance.
The prize waltz 'was won by Joe Hal-
sail and Mrs. J. W. Barnes. "A good
night's program was enjoyed by all.
Fishing was very -brisk .last week,
angling being so good that a couple of
kegs got entangled in the hooks near
tbe Elk Valley brewery, causing an
investigation by the brewery officials.
'*"» *
BELLEVUE   NOTES
the
f*Ni5~requtrfng attendance, suffering
trom dislocated and fractured thigh,
and severe scalp wounds. After treatment hy Dr. Workman, a special train
was requisitioned and the young fellow conveyed to the Fernie hospital.
Coal. Creek Methodist Church
Sunday school and Bible class, 2:30
p. ro.; 7:30 p. m. gospel service*, subject, "The Love of God." Choir practice, 7:30 p. m., Friday.
Jimmy Stewart of Brazeau waa visiting ln camp on Monday. Jimmy aays
he likes the Brazeau country,
♦ COLEMAN NOTES ♦
On Tuesday night. September lat.
the members of the congregation of
St Albans Anglican church met in a
social and presented the late pastor,
the Rev. Watkln Jones, with a fere-
well address. The presentation wat
made by Mr. John Hatfield, and the
address wu read by Mr. Harry dark.
The ladles of the St Albans' Auxiliary alao presented the Rev. Watkln
Jones with a very handsome present
Mrs, P. 8. Graham made the presentation on behalf of the ladles of bis congregation, to wblch Rev. Jones feeling replied. Mr. Cecil Oower presided over tbe" meeting, end tbe music
was supplied by tbe following ladles
snd gentlemen: Mr. B. Williams sad
the .Misses Snow. Disney. Mrs. Bullock, Mrs. E. Williams end Mr. Bate.
man and the Ml»*t- Goner.
A grand dsnee will take place in tbe
Opera House, Coleman on September
11 tb. under the auspices of the I. 0. 0.
V. Refreshments will be served dur
Ing the evening.
Mr. John Moore, president of I-oeat
3633, Is vtsiUng bis brother, Uwta, In
Lethbridge, from Saturday until Tuesday.
IMrs. <M. .Brennen. of Coleman, Is
on a week's holiday, visiting htr sia-
tsr, Mrs. R. T. Whltelaw. In L#tb
bridge.
The result ot the bye election to nil
{three vaeaaetes In the Coleman town
found! wss the election of tbe following gentlemen: Mr. Toner Poade>
tick. It; -Mr. George Ritchie. SS; Mr.
Harry Clsrk, 47. I'nsuccessful: Mr.
H. Brsttwu, Uv, Uveas sud JKr. Me-
Harney,
■The mines worked two days last
week, 'being idle from.31 p. m. Friday,
and no notice for work up to Wednesday morning.'
William Branch and company came
in this Week-with four fine goats, this
being their first success ln the hunting season.
Richard Beard, Harry Pryor, R. Taylor and F. Carpenter came in with
three fine deer, from the hunting trip.
(Bert Davies, Joe Wilson and W.
Marsh came in from the mountains,
bringing in a few of the mountains'
treasures. ^
Incendiarism is supposed to be responsible for starting a serious fire
which broke out after midnight Friday
last at Natali commencing in the
block formerly, belonging to Mr. Thos.
Crahan, but now in the hands of Frank
Ferno. The fire swept along the row
of buildings occupied by W. Almonds,
A. Almonds, J. N. Barnes, <M. Joyce,
M. Gaskell, B. Ball, T. Winters and
several others. 	
'Mrs. Riley of   Lundbreck   is
guest of >Mr. and Mrs. Eccleston.
Jack Barwick, tbe Local president,
met with rather a painful accident
this week. A piece of coal fell, drove
his pick into his forearm and carried
him down the chute. He will be incapacitated for a few'weeks.
A large proportion ot the Bellevue
football enthusiasts went over to Hillcrest to see the final for the Crahan
cup, and we are informed that a great
game was witnessed. Frank winning
after extra time bad 'been played.
Gil Cousens met with a rather peculiar accident this week, which will
incapacitate him for some time. He
was in the act of cutting a timber,
when a chip struck him full in the
eye, inflicting a nasty cut.
Saturday -was pay day here, and
after three weeks' absence was highly
appreciated.
Steve Humble ot the hardware store
states that owing to some people's idea
ot business, he finds it impossible to
continue his present method of doing
business, and atter October lst he will
operate on a cash basis.
iBorn—To Mr. and Mrs. G. Coupland,
a son.
A District board meeting was held
in the Sanatorium on Saturday, when
business of vital importance was transacted.
IMr. Larson, board member, of Lethbridge, was renewing acquaintances In
■tbls-d-urisg-tbe-week-ead;	
Ulr. 'Mortimer, from the Pacific
coast, has made his advent here, seeking a market for his labor power. He
is the guest of Jack (Mortimer of Railway avenue.   Good luck to you.
Mr. T. Boseley of livery fame, has
had a valuable horse gored'to death
by an infuriated bull. We -understand the bull has been destroyed.
Garnishees were very much in evidence here on pay day. The 41 .Market Company having gone out of business, extracted their pound of flesh
from all and sundry.
In spite of the financial stringency.
Mr. Gordon's fifteen days' cash sale
was highly productive.
The Rev Cook's labor sermon was
poorly attended, and less appreciated
by some present.
)<abor Day passed off very quietly
here, most of the citlsene taking advantage of the Methodist Sunday
school plcnlr at Crow's Nest. The
weather was far from being Ideal for
picnicking, It being ver}' cold and with
a tendency to shower st Interval*. On
the whole, however, a ver}' pleasant
day was spent.
An Individual from Passburg, wbo
bed Imbibed a little too freely, entered
the Bellevue shooting gallery Saturday night, nnd Instead ot hitting the
target In front of bim, made a bole In
tbe jewerly store on his left Fortunately, no other damage wss done.
Two of our respected citizens, with
too much war vim In them, appeared
this morning snd were fined $:. snd
costs h»r asaault.
The Local Union properly ha» Increased a fen hunJrcd dollar* iu appearance by ths addition of, a wire
fence, erected by that nait-mailsr at
"fenc-liiR," Jack Olltihsni.
rn ♦
m     1IAVIR MINIS NOTES     ♦
Tbe regular meeting of tbla I*oc*1
wait cont«ne<l st 3 p. in l»#t ii"i><;-i ,
with * good attendance »f members.
Thc afuaag-ttnenl of 'As* Lj ■?•**• *>■*■!■>
for mm* rettnn, i*MMlbly fors*!?*?
sees, left th* town without leavltm the
key. hence th* crowd wet* romtw»iVd
to ottilt* an iinwi'iiiifetf haunt? on ;!ut
o-wielon.    Owing to nro. NlchoUtin
•was unable to cash their checks until
late in the afternoon, owing to his
change being late in arriving from
Pincher Creek, and although they got
their checks early in the afternoon,
they were prevented from cashing
them elsewhere, in the opinion of the
Local officers this practice of tampering with pay checks without an assignment or an order from a J. P. or
court official is to some extent an
infringement of the truck act; but as
in the opinion of the majority present
the manager waB not aware that men's
checks were tampered with as stated,
the pit committee were instructed to
interview the management before
making a test case.
The question of having a resident
medical practitioner in the camp is
one which crops, up at almost every
meeting.
Dr. Connor of Pincher Creek, to
whom the employes pay 11.50 per
month, is considered one of the ablest
surgeon in this part of the Dominion,
and therefore the men have no desire
to part with his services. On the other
hand, fifteen miles is too great a distance to bring a doctor every time his
services are required, and although
the doctor pay-s the expenses of patients who visit him at Pincher Creek,
yet most people would prefer being
treated personally at their homes.
When a regular number of men were
employed at the mines, say 300 or
over, the doctor employed a qualified
practitioner to represent him at Beaver, but aa the number at present Ib
scarcely 200 the revenue is hardly
sufficient to pay a substitute. A
resolution Instructing the secretary to
communicate further on the matter
with Dr. Connor ln order to havo
something definite to place before
the members at the next meeting was
agreed to.
omjfwpcmJwypcm*fwypcmfwypcmfwyt>o
mfushrdlufihrdlUJShrdlUBhrdliufihrdlushr
The petition to the Hon. A. L. Sifton,
Premier, the members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Alberta and the local member of this
constituency, R. E, Campbell, contains
several proposal which In the opinion
The mine here was idle last Friday
and Saturday. Shortage of detonators
was said to be the cause.
Robert Brown, late master mechanic,
Beaver, and at present outside manager at Coalhurst, spent the week end
visiting old friends here. We were all
pleased to see him looking so well.
Louis Angelo had Mb finger ao
badly crushed between the chute and
some timber he was handling in the
mine this forenoon, Tuesday, that he
had to go to Pincher Creek for the
doctor to fix it up.
{Continued ob Pace F«ur)
-The American labor skinners are
anxious for 'Britain to smash Germany's fleet. Pure business. American
labor skinners bave great quantities
of products of slave labor which they
wish to dispose of to tihe slave driven
of France, Britain, etc.
W. L OUIMETTE
Coteramn        -        Alborta
T. W.  DAVIES
Funarml  Director
and   Imbalmtr
Haadttonat Supplied and Sat up
colkman   ■■«■• war r   ALBBRTA
Joseph Gaul, Sr., was arrested on
Saturday morning on a charge of incendiarism, and remanded until -Tuesday.
An outrageous trick was played by
turning off the water near the old
sawmill, below Natal. As a result of
this several houses had to be blown
down, as there seemed every probability of the whole town burning.
'Much praise Is due to thlse who
used every effort to prevent the fire
from spreading, especially John Hovan,
wbo risked bis life by climbing on the
roof of the school. Mr. Tom Cuncllffe
was In charge of the explosives for
blasting the houses, whioh was the
only means of checking the fire.
'Mr. Thos. Winters made a hurried
trip trqrn Fernie Saturday morning.
Happily his wire and children were all
safe, although bis home was destroyed.
The agricultural show and sports
took place at Natal Monday and -Tuesday, and a good crowd assembled.
Rain threatened nearly all day, and
began slightly In the afternoon, but
In spite of this the races were pulled
off in good shape.
Tbe foMowing is e list ot price winners for sports and show:
Monday's Program
Hone tnm, Hammerton's "Beaver
Creek," first; Fisher's "Monkey, sec-
ond. Pony race, Hammerton's "-Beaver Creek," first and second. Pat
Burns' wagon teem, first prize for
best turn out: Geo. Fisher's teem, second prise. William Weaver's Shire-
bom. 'K'.antJ of ailiei tup, uul> oue
entry. N'stursl history—Mounted goat
hasd, flrtt prire, Pete SEorrattl; deer
head, first prize, Pete Zorrattl; second
prise, Pred Beddlngton. Mounted
sheep heed—First prise, John Marsh;
second prise, Tbm MeOovern, too yard
race-niesee Kirk, first*, Brneet Beige),
second, dirts' race, under 14—41.
Ssigel, first; Clarkeoo. second. Boys'
under M~-JiM#ikle, first; W. linwn,
teoond. Boys' race, under lo years—
J Foraatkt, flrtt flfest stati* bon* or
mere In bsrstss—0. Fisher, first
prize: Andrew Frsw, mrontl Married
women's rae»»»Jlra. Utile, first: Mre.
Waller Almond, second.
Tuesday's Prefrem
l'ouy race, half mile (Hamamiaa'a
"[leaver  Cteeb" barred l-dfamfrtoa's
XtNjC link, ttee, Vtobnfk *niry. **• «r late president, removing from W.«
*.*****&.       itiiMiV"       <W*        ■*#       §-**-**#■"»■** **•«   I
tlr.'.    1,i, •:■' ilr.'»!     -,'■'••
Tkere  mnt but oth- »o*mlnattoa. tJutj
of Bra, Tom H«ghi«, tnd be wss f)*H-(
•4 by acclamation.   Included In   th*
oamtpemAttm- wat n 1*t\*r nnA tal*-
,'■*..*■ ■ • ''' '
Hating ft* Inability to be wltk m. but
prwMMng to pey ns s visit at sn earl;
date
t'ader the heeding   of   anflnlthwl
bttttntmn the 4«*«tiori of working   In
pistes said   to  be   sbuww*!   tmtlt. *
eiwpfM-d -up, e»d *f«#r tme* dl* **§■*»«*. j
Jl mnt »tr**H to )■»**■ i* ♦'<■»* *r*-,"i.r it*
' nbt-y not* BHIll the J''.»!r if Trt*t*'iMfiil[
vl»!t«l thtt ramp,
'Ae-mtwl ■#Bit»f* t*,i*4 tu* eurtt-.
tian ot ike Lu«»{ i* -.in*, fwt thtt tft*i
WThl"meetlngTwouTdrgreatiy Improve
the present Workmen's Compensation
Act hence a resolution In its favor
was unanimously carried, and the secretary instructed to deal with aB suggested.
Free
GUARANTEED
American Silk
HOSIERY
WE WANT VOU TO KNOW
THESE HOSE
They stood the test when all
others failed. They give real
Coot comfort. They have no
seams to rip. They never become loose and baggy, as the
shape is knit In, not pressed In.
.They are GUARANTEE!© for
fineness, for style, for superiority of material and workmanship, absolutely stainless, and to
wear six months without hole*
or replaced by new pairs free.
OUR FREE OFFER
To every one sending us 50c
to cover shipping charges, we
will send, subject to duty, absolutely free:
.Three pairs of our famous
men's AMERICAN' SILK
HOSE, with written guarantee,
any color, or
Three pairs of our Ladles'
Hose in Black, Tan or White
colors, with written guarantee.
DON'T DELAY—Offer expires
when dealer in, your locality is
_jai££tfid—Gi«*-oo!©!i~aod—site-
desired.
Tlii International Hosiery Co.
21 Blttner 8tr*et
Dayton, Ohio, U. 8. A.
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret end at hot-
torn prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders «1v*n
prompt attention.
If you ere eetlefled, tell ethsrs.   If net tst(»fi«d. tm nt.
■nuttt      t*nt**tt*  r*i*m-~H***  rXHft*   «•»*■
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Phone 25
**Tli* Quality »tor«"
Blairmore, Alta.
flon»—"n»/ Mr. snd Mie. James teen, (Mm W«w. tertmA; iWsnl*** m**wer (..
ot wett UnlewMn, • wn, on A«f*st
2Mb.
*fy«»Jd-tnt PfclSUps nad Vice fresident Orahsm spent Sunday, the Cth. In
Colnmnn, tsklsg In the Owls' pi-mlt em
Mender, tabor Usy, at ths Crow's
Nest Uht.
There were united In boly bonds or
matrimony %y the ttm. father Deles-
tre, Mr. Edward .MatD—eld, et C-ote-
mi, end Wise Mnry Msrgret Pellstler.
ot ironarefi.. oa Wamlay, St*^*u»a»iw>f ..
torrtt-fe (Mr. nnd   lift.*   Thorns
niiuiaboiluuu   4 tUttttk-Mr,     Mother \
•nd child both well.
On Sunday efterwwn  tbtm Bmm-
{htk* Ml off o twine nei brake Us leg.
1 He le et present e-onnned tn the Miners* tioxpltnl
'■V'lriJ.-.* TtUiiutiauu. k*d ibe mdM-
«mm» te meet with e rather potato! no-
HdMit on Saturday «fr*rnoen sbonr
n-.kn t« tbe Xa s mmm ol th* late*--
natleul Peel Compenr. st aetefasn
third.    «l«    jsrd   rare,  ooen—dlert
Osrlet, first; Jesse Kirk, second, tlm;
Wearer, tMrd.    Girls   vn*ier   lf-*M.|
Clsrhson. first; M. Frew, second,   tnej
tatd-t   lAfit bnndt*n*n    *Im»    irt-rtr i
first: 8. Wearer, rerond; Ernest Wes-
ter, thtrd   Old mtn'* raee-T. Hemp-
ton, flr*«; J. 'Marsh, second,   tee yard
race, members ot the AvsoctsUoa-J.
8-cott. first; T. Hampton. Jr., seeend;
T, Hampton. Sr„ third.   Horse   race,
ojHii,  thn-tt-l-inirih*  mii* — Morrison'si
"T#m?#" flrat; llssjwettwn's "*tt*r.r*t}
t'rvek " artneO; Kiataer, tfeM *
Th# eoanwttte* handled th* sports
unli »te* ia ■• tttj aMe ssaawMr.  Rate J
m* Tomdey Impaded tha wins *-*»*»-
sidcrably. or s larger aumhtr of •teal* mr *t^ttk* n**4t*.« 'mv •'-<■ <*»ff!>#
woaid hate tahwe ftoc*. A tar**} tfc« «a» tH****** tw * irk**. »«iM*
\t,nmittt el pTm wxme*T* stp im W-»u» 1&* Qfimt td. a W,-. u,*rt'kmt, aad
rlnbed la the fetefefag. wwtaf t* tbefffifi ft!*? consider*".! , h.inl*fi!|. ** ft
rnrr«>apoa4enf not havtag t romplete.ytMMM dm^   trm)   swhlg   ttUti,
6:*s- '••■■IHB* tt tt eet*#d ■»■»•*» b*st. **•-
Just to hand 200 cases oj
PRESERVING FRUIT
«f t**«i Qfteiee QyaJ%
Minn l*ramw per Ux «|.t0. IVwIh* \et I*** ill to
Vmm |wr lioi mm, Cnokiiw Apple* por l*ix $1,30
Choi**' K«ti»i" A miir* twr ■)»*%■ a* :tx
DRY GOODS
IMtm l.uying n Sweater < imt m* our ronir.- of
M71 -. hultos' mnl CI.1M1. u\ ,,11 *,„,! Shnmtvh Kn.l.
Intern to »tnt nH potw
tt,   Aii%l*l" to"*' • »M«'»«'«* «»* *tatifielflft min.
Wool I ixli»nvi7ir in «hin     -•■•■- -   '
mlu.     AImo « full mug1
UniIotwi'«r.
aihI *lraw«t* ami union
r i»f UultcH,' nml ('hiJilnirn
iv>ns to Mr sad Mrs. F. Maaef#.  *.
I
•Web, tht mt-ttbam in %«#«.»•
Wt pay 5 p.c. dteemmt in cs.sh on at! purcfcaic •
Tli» Stora Tliat SAViS You mwy
1 i£--?3
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0, SEPTEMBER 12, 1914
\
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,D.M.W.A
•    GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Pernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
■A HOSMER LOCAL
.£ No. 2497
Meet,every Sunday at 2.30 in K.
P. Hall, Main Street. Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334     .
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael Warren, Sec, Can-
more, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick awl Benefit Society attached.—Thos. Thompson.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. ln the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Mitchell, Sec, Box
105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in thc Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 ln Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barrlngham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
"   COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.nu   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
ln Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.    ,
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each mopth at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall. 12th Avenue North.—I*. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
Tyrannny (j
ihe-'Chefaoff
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. —James
Burke, Sec. Box 36. Bellevue,
Alta.  -
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  In  the  Club  Hall.    Sick
Benefit   Society   attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon,
2.30,   at   Boarding  House.    Sick
and   Accident   Fund  attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
•Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit   Society    attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
Cash Meat Market
"The .'check-off means that all dues,'
fines, assessments and fees, ^ which
the organisation sees fit to levy
against its members shall by the operator .be deducted from the earnings
of all workmen and remitted to the
organization before any payments are
made to the employes by the mining
company.,
"These cnecks frequently run high
and dissatisfy the miners. No matter
what their dissatisfaction, the deduction must be made just the same.
Neither sickness nor unusual requirements of a miner's family will permit
the mine manager to take care of *Jie
miner's wants without first remitting
to the organization the dues and assessments which may have been
levied."—Operators' Bulletin, Xo. 10.
Who originated and .put into operation the "check-off'system, that the
operators denounce?
This is the question to be considered, i
The "check-off" is a product of the
coal companies' system of dealing
with their employes.
The "check-off" in operation simply
deducts from the earnings of the
miners all monies owed the coal companies for provisions, docior and lios
pital fees, house rent, blacksniithing
fees and such other debts as are Incurred by the individual miner to or
through the company for whom be is
employed.
Xo better authority can be had than
the testimony, of the operators themselves that the "check-off system can
-be successfully manipulated as a system of graft.
The fact is, that for years, especially
ln the unorganized coal fields of this
country, scheming, dishonest company
tools, who are entrusted with the responsibility of making the "check-off"
deductions have been robbing the poor
unfortunate coal miners who were unable, due to their limited education,
to compete In figuring with these well
qualified crooks.
Miners in' Colorado .as in other
States have realized the fact that they
were not receiving their full pay. Every pay-day ii\ the Colorado coal
caniips for the past ten years, has been
protest day on the part of individuals
PLEASE REMEMBER
That our prices havo not changed. Everything of
thc best, Fiesh and smoked Fish always on hand.
Our Bologna, Weenies and Sausages arc made on
our premises.    A Trial solicited.
Opposite the Post Office
Phone 52, H. Northwood Mgiv
A few weeks'rest from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
vill glvo you a new Isate of life, or to those whose time It limited, take quicken route tm*t or west. vU tbe Great J-Jorthert
(tmlway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford (or East & West
You will enjoy all the comfort of moet modem railroad tdulp-
ment Courteous and efficient employee will make yoar trip
pleasant.
Before purchasing stttmthlp tickets, let ue talk It over.
fur t-t*r\ytt IrfermatUo apply t»
J. A. MANN, AGENT
t. O. be* 4S1      FERNIE. B. C      Tbmmm No, Ifl I
short weighing of coal.
If the earning .power of a miner can
be increased- -without increasing l;ls
burden of labor—based upon the
same production, paid for at the same
rate of pay, from 15 to 30 per cent, at
a cost to the miner not to exceed 3
per cent, isn't it sound business judgment for the miner to pay the ,3 per
cent?
What would you do?
"Where can you find the business
man that would refuse to pay a royalty
of 3 per cent for some new method
or machine that would increase the
profits of his business from lf> to 30
per cent?
The Union organization of t.'ie
United 'Mine Workers is a dividend
paying institution!
The purpose of the institution is
to provide a system of labor service
for its members, so as to secure the
best possible compensation commensurate with the laws of. supply and
demand that can be secured.
■Thus the'mlners have merely adopted, as a method of collecting dues,
the "check-off" system, because they
have -become accustomed to meeting
their other expenses under the "checkoff" system.
If the operators will consent to
abolish the "check-off" system en*
tlrely, the miners will agree.
If the "check-off" is un-American,
as a means of collecting dues that
the individual miner has voted, to tax
himself, lt is no leBS un-American
for the collection of any other debt
incurred by the miner.
Withholding Evidence
The claim of the   operators   that
miners withhold evidence under penalty ot fine pertaining to accidents or
the laws of safety is absurd.
The Mite Workers themselves have
by their own efforts and by the expenditure of their own funds through
their legislative representatives passed every-progressive mine safety '.aw
governing the mining of coal, bo'.h
Rational and State that are ln effect
today.
Time and again strikes have bsen
called to* enforce State laws, wherei
officials of the State were neglectful
in their duties of enforcing the law.
It wnn a deliberate attempt to de:
ceive the public on tho part^of the
operators. .'■ .     "'
"Another  Misrepresentation^
The-statement is made by the, operators that 9,890 men are at present
employed in the coal mines In Colorado, there remaining-.on strike less
than 3,000.old employes.
Now for the facts.
In August, 1913; there were employed in the 150 coal mines of Colorado a total of 12,059 men.
'Since last September thirty-seven
mines have signed au agreement with
the United Mine Workers.
These thirty-seven mines give employment to 3,500 miners. The output of these mines has been doubled
during this period.
The mine inspector's report for the
month of June gives the total number of men employed at 7.S66, or 4,185
less than were employed last August. This number added to the
Union miners employed and given in
the total of 7,866, makes a total of
Union miners at work and on strike
in Colorado of 7,683 against a total ot
non-union men totaling 4,366, which
clearly proves that the Union miners
in Colorado outnumber "the non-union
nearly 4,000. •'   "':'."<• '
Thus the claim of the operators that
less than one-third of the miners of
Colorado are affilited -with :the Union
is proven false!
Regardless of the crooked -figures
submitted by the press bureau of
the operators, the truth discloses . a
big majority of Colorado miners belonging to the United Mine Workers
of America.
The increase in the price of coal,
so long forestalled by the operators, is
necessary, because of the greatly increased cost of production due to the
employment of inexperienced men
who have taken the places of experienced coal miners.
■The boosting of the price of *«ral by
the operators is an admission that
they are unable to operate with inexperienced labor.
It is an admission that admits defeat,—Trinidad Free Press.
What The Government of Colorado did not say of the "Gunmen" in Colorado Strike
The writer of this bulletin was
raised in Pennsylvania, where the
"Governor of the State is one of the
leading men of the com-monwealth,
where he is honored and respected,
where the Chief Executive is general-
Ay a fearless, honest citizen, mentally,
morally and physically big enough to
administer his office to the honor of
the State.
We feel it necessary, therefore to
tell you briefly just who and what
Ella* *M. Ammons, Governor of Colorado, is, and what his record in the
Colorado strike has been.
Ammons was elected on a Democratic ticket. That he is a political mistake, tbat he has disgraced his party
has been admitted by Democratic assemblies which have not only refused
to show his picture in their meetings,
but have hooted, jeered and hissed his
name whenever it was mentioned in
the day's proceedings.
Ammons is the .person who, because
he owns property In Routt county,
tried to threaten and compromise
both strikers and operators to effect
tt&
me:
rn
W*
KING'S  HOTEL
fl*f »m.|tli«l wilh llw l*»t Witww,
l.mwtn» nnd -Tlgar*
DINING  ROOM   IN' tOXNEOTION
W.NIUS,
fm
•UV ONLV WHAT VOU WANT
Ho went on lo suggest whet shopkeepers might do, Inetanelnf the ex.
nmpln of tlie leading retail Cooperative ftoeietlet. The tusnum*™ of tke
latter tnr»« tm-ttt lti*umX*d to une
ttelr own discretion In tumping the
otd*t* ot Mi-tidtai* mem-ten to nor-
■a"no"a*area"xo~ue"naTHrxneir"ni irpay:
It has been down the "canon" for
these men who ^have depianded their
honest due.
Clerks and bookkeepers, employed
by Colorado coal companies have in
tlie past, boasted to others of the
robbery practiced by the companies
under the. "check-off* system, until
they now feel unw-llling to submit to
the conduction of the systom legitimately .
The collection of the Union dues
under the "check-off" system is a constitutional provision of the United
Mine Workers of America, drafted and
adopted by the men who work In the
mines, in order to facilitate the work.
Xo strike assessment or any other
assessment of any nature ls levied upon the membership of the United
Mine Works, only through the medium
of referendum vote.
When the oMeals of the United
Mine worker* are Instructed by ballot
to levy an aeeeetiment surely no sane
person would argue that they should
uot follow the mandates of the tiu-m*
borshlp.
The due* of the Mine Workers are
email compared witb dues of other
labor organisation* when the benefits
of the respective labor union* are
compared.
The Industry of mining coal offers
larger opportunities for "graft" to
the employer! than any other branch
of industry.
Ae an example:
A miner may work tx. wbott* month.
In a definite place under non-union
renditions and not earn a wage -sufficient to meet bis one expense of
houserent,
Kvery inve*tication of the coat Industry haa proven the corrertn*** of
thia charge.
Under onion renditions, thia tame
miner would be paid off for thia deficient work.
In M per -rent of the case* ot eteet-
tito deficient work the mine manage-
ment refnies fovea tinder union working agreement! to pay the miner per*
forming the deficient work until
forced to comply   with   the written
titled As an etample, be gave the
case of a kd) wboee una*) weekly
order nxeramU C I, Hut, one day Hub
week she ee«t In tn ordor for .£!•
mai mtpplict, uny tMnlen. >  tn arm
mnlatt heavy storkt toing rigidly tor- tenon of the contract by a represents.
live nf the Union.
As an example:
fl-uipptt* that a if*tnfti«iitatW*   et
the Tnton did roeeia* n taParv et III
—an-oraer grqBB~mu*srepreHeiixaxnin"
froT. .Bulletin Xo. 10, section 2:
Ten Thousand Loyal Men
Ten thousand men are now faithfully at work in the   Colorado   iSoil
mlne.s   Tbey are producing all   tl.e
coil the market will absorb.
"To agree to the demands of tho-te
still i omlnally on 'strike' would mean
that these ten thousand men wouli of
nnecesslty be handed over bodily to
the mercies of tbe a Labor Union
which they had never joined and
which thoy had Indicated no disposition to join.
"Surrender to the lawlessness and
riot supported iby the United fMIne
Workers of America would Involve not
only sacrifice of what the coal man.
afters feel to be profoundly right, but
would also mean betrayal of that
dally Increasing army of loyal employes, who in their silent fashion
have manifested their preference to
work In tbe 'open shop' promised to
them at these mines—where any good
workman Is welcome." .
The operators have throughout tlie
strike attempted to deceive the public with a lot of "rot** concerning the
loyalty of their non-union smplo-ves.
The fact is, and especially ao of late,
that non-union miners have been voluntarily leaving tho mines In large
numbers. Over S00 miners have voluntarily quit In the Trinidad district
during the past month.
All of tbe strikebreaker* who have
given testimony have been unanimous
In tfcnoiincfnr Ike wnrfcfnr condition*
and the treatment accorded them, ■-
-This ts uftdteputabie evidence that
the charges made by the etrtklng
miners again the coal operator* of Colorado are based upon faeta.
Men do not qnlt profitable positions
during periods of buslneaa   preesion
such as tbe country Is experiencing
at present wlthont • Jost cause.
About the Present Production
The operators state that all tbe ooal
i* being mine-J that the market will
■■■BPwwyrw et*
The following dispatch waa clipped
from the Rocky Mountain
Atftst fth:
Coal Prkm Are Halted
•Bituminous lump Is now tolling tor
lt.00 a toa.
"k ml** ol Vt eeat* * tnm m Wt«»t-
none enst trot* the -w-mthwn    tml
^ui^^ x.=^a^ii,.
rule of the gunmen of the operators,
to whom he had turned over the State
of Colorado, body and soul.
The above may give you an' idea
of the Governor (?) of the State of
Colorado.
'Amomns' latest roll*is that of press
agent of the coal operators. '
His initial bow appears in 'Bulletin
No. 12.
. Concerning the "gunmen," he says
it is "Interesting to know what the
facts really are."
We S»dmlt that it Is "interesting."
' Ammons says "it ls true two men
were shot" by the militia.
•When Ammons said that he knew he
lied.
He knew that the Colorado (National
Guard, made up largely of gunmen
of the operators, with machine guns
and high-power rifles, deliberately
tmurdered and cremated twenty men,
women and children at Ludlow alone.
Ammons says there *, were other
"gunmen," and goes on to say that
four men were Bhot fatally at La Veta.
Four men were shot at   La   Veta,
honik at Forbes by "other gunmen,"
October 17, 1913,>    ,-,.-. _
/When .Amnions4;say$ "a non-union
miner named! Smith',.Was^ beaten to
death and^ hi^;hody thrown on . the '
railroad to be run over by a train,"
insinuating that this was done by a
striker, he'deliberately'tries to deceive the., public, and knows how
Smith was killed, *■"■, .' >,.;   .-,'.'
Ammons says a cowboy was shot to
death near Ludlow,. tHe fails to say"
that the namo of this cowfeiy • was
■Matt Powell, that tie was a striker
working as ia cowboy, and that he
was shot by the gunmen of the operator when these hired assassins attacked the Ludlow tent colony.
Ammons says ''two children were
shot In bed at Tabosco." Rumor says
they were, but nd effort has been
made to prove who did the shooting.
He does not say so, but we suppose
that these children were shot bj'
some of Ammons' "other gunmen."
Why did Ammons not tell you how
"his gunmen." for, as commander-in-
chief of the Colorado National Guard,
they were hl8 gunmen, murdered and
cremated twelve children at Ludlow,
Colorado, April 20, 1914? '
Ammong, in his initial press agent
story for tbe operators, talks of th'e ■
insurrectionists and armed bodies of
men, etc.
Remember, that the operators imported 1,000 gunmen before the strike
was called, that these men were in
the strike district, intimidating the
strikers and their families and shooting up the tent colonies before the
strikers had any arnia. Remember
that these "gunmen" were employed
to dd^this work of extermination. Remember that every battle. In this
strike was started by the gunmen and
mode upon.the hojneiof the strikers,
and remember that under the constitution of the United StateB they had
a right to carry arms and to use them
in the protection of themselves, their
families ahd their homes.
Ammons, press agent, says Major
Lester was shot down at Walsenburg
while wearing the Red Cross.
Ammons, press agent, you know as
well as we^ that while Lester wore the
Red Cross, he was not ministering to
the wounded; but was leading a murderous attack on the strikers whom
the gunmen had driven from .Walsenburg to Hogback. .
Ammons qays "we should honor the
brave boys of the National Guard."
Honor them for,what? For the murder of twenty mon, women and children at Ludlow, or for saddling a debt
of $1,000,000 on the taxpayers of ,CoU_
men to Keep tfoodtdwtt
Wtm^mdnm   tm_i^il__\__%
from what <mH tw fathered from
one of the leading buyers of the Co-
»|MM»U»« **nw**mmam wmtan$. US***
appear* to be ao fear shortage aristae
nor yet onkkt them be anrthhig Mm
famine* priee*—that le, fNravMe* tm
genera! public do aot beeomo food-
INWle et-ffrtn*. sed that wealthy peo-
Qtn At not go fri fnr pnwfm*f*t or
eaastvtty large staah-f*. The (X W. ■u.Ueite eo pleat**! aa aeaal for
*9\     . n am    m.  .     _....., _.,.*. *... .#      -_. -. — .... _*.',.• Jt -a ■*..,.* >.•.
| mum* mi CMMa, tn<Ittdibg
.. .*..,. -W Mini mi &*■* Umm. ii i»
«i*td«i»tood (hat cooperative stores
will k* tttttrnttunnA to rntte ptttm, bvl
tn addition to keeping their ortem to
normal nuppUea, riiaUMner* will have
*u t*w<MH9* ttwtr asetaaen-Mp Mont ta
giving order*. "Aarhow." this gentle-
man <«acla4c4. "there sIhmM he no
rt«# So prff-ee of hardly anything to
each an enttmt aa to auke araeb dlf-
f*rra«e apoa tba parte et tha tadaa-
frf.-ir rfi-N■»<*•, tw«atm f<i<nt atuXfo nn
* ont. wt i per day for his aervleaa, and every day I field aad Rontt eoaaly waa amde yea-
tn ilte year at aeeared lav th* seea ta
rompenaaUo* aa earn aa low aa Iff
a'tbk'Bi they wmM not lure aecared aa-
der aay other arrangement—ts It aot
lm ■*•'»#»*   for   the
Tit Palo* data pveptr, under ordl
nary condition*, will aot exceed il
per month.
I'adtr Ualea condition* tht mlaen
eexploy  their  own  eheekweigkmaa,
JllUk WOU«U '.tW tWtMl'vkU <d tW« tt**)t*rt
from tht thieving methods of weight
It *Lou!iI lc rcuj.:m!).:r*.-f. represents ,' .;;... uf iim ymii.  Out, U»>uu4 iUU im-u-; m»**M-**Mt-*>H» i,u*t tr* ttrsettaHl opon
ia ttttwr direct or iadittrt. ftrat   a]
-faatttf tt the   p*i»aUt»et   tf   lt#f
tUtfftNf Pffegwowi, and   Mtl  ywnr  ttt *.
teteertte nwrooeoe e^e*^^o^^w.
■"It viieat mt fctr-ewC* he s»uC "'*»» / <> utnt'k ttf fceflag miy
OMfnttlatiit at tMr aoctaat rates, mj
thee* it m rattan, w*y they emeM td their wealth at ttt capem* et. ttm
aet they will  la thair  turn  have a wants tad comfort* of   tht   .poorer
flat*****—R*7*»Ar« X«wiftp*f,
pi* caa mmuartalaare tay Hat by
Ml? ptrtfceetac tbt etmeatfal* ef W*.
tttinp noiMwwMitltls a wide berth.
And lastly, ttm wealthy flatten   ran
what   they
'vauU l&U* uw.Uu* lu* UkUt*** wi *1mm*,mi4  wliktW UmUCyto* ti-**«M*»*»!iy, thtt
lh* SMjority t< ettl mm* iv^rfatawl
ent* totfavw thty hsve en Inherent
'right tt iHfM lit Maw* hy  tbt
tht am W tit  compaay  wotghawa.
*cwt»r 'tntdwn trom th» mit* -etpcttit-
tendentt.
There I* not aa experienced coal
siiat ansa, htaa  ot  mdn*t. «ho will
3~-Beivi-om*eui-or'tne~Birnre"'in inai"sec-"
tion.
Ammons.Is the person who, when
his subordinate, John Chase, rode
down the women and children In
Trinidad, January 22, maiming some
of them and Injuring other by tramping them unde the hoofs of horses, sat
In his office in Denver, too much of a
weakling to condemn Chase, but condoning hi* inhuman effort to slaughter the mothers and babes of the
strikers' families.
Amnions Is the person who suggested that a commltteo of the State
Federation of Labor Investigate the
cruelties of the mllltla, and then;
when this committee furnished htm
proof that Lieutenant K. B. Under-
felt had knocked down a boy In the
Ludlow station, threatened Louis Tikas with death and thrown a huge roll
of barbed wire down the atrlkets'
well, refused to take action,
Ammons Is tbe person who net,
aside constitutional government in
the strike district, who denied f.-?e
speech, the right of trial by Jury, wiio
.illowed the notorious third degree
to be used on "military" prisoners In
un effort to Incriminate officers of the
striker* In matter* with which they
had no connection.
Ammoue U the man who prostituted
the Colorado National Gnard to the
coal operators and saddled an expense
ot 11,000,000 on tht taxpayer* of a
State ol»eady heavily encumbered.
Amttuns is the person who der-uul-
td widow* 1.111I oth#r poor wom»n "tbt
were trying to make a living running boarding house* In the strike
district by, ss commander-in-chief,
quartering the mllltla In their homes,
knowing that he did not have the
money to pay them.
Ammons Is the person, who, as commander-in-chief, allowed ihe Imported
gunmen of tbe operator* to be remitted into tbe Colorado National
Hoard.
AmoBon* is tht peraon who did this,
although ht knew that these Importtd
assassins were paid tt to ft a day hy
Newt of tht optraion io "claaa oat" tht
strikers. And yet be arts willing to
have the State of Colorado pay thtm
another dollais a day to carry out
their purposes. To furthtr help thtm,
lit tmtMktti thew tith State equipment.
Ammoas t* tha partes who. after
thast gvamea, atter ttt com mead et
two mllttta oCflttta. had mardtrtd
aad (ttsaalad alatttea mtt, woasta
and children at Ladlow, rttMlatd la
Wat-hitfttoa, !> C, tad tefewid to re*
tarn to hit State to prevent farther
alaaghter bt ibt taaaeaat*.
Ammons la ttt ptraon who, whte lit
did retam. tat too cowardly to mett
tht eittstaa tf Mt Statt, ttmt et
•htas ht hnl ^ttghttrti who Ml ttt
w*.r*, x**M\ mtVe* trom Renter and
tattked lato Deavtr nmdm to/rot tt
but"lione~knows whodld the ahootlng.
Let us inform Ammons that there
were still other "gunmen" and let us
call bis attention to the murder of
Gerald Llpplatt by George Belcher,
Baldwin-Feltz gunman,, August 16,
1913: to the murder of Kris Koklch,
Andy Auvlnem and Clsto Crrci by
"other gunmen" on the streets or
Walsenburg, October 24, 1913; to the
murder or Mike Linrlnl and 'George
Bak by "other gunmen" on the streets
of Walsenburg, April 28, 1914; to the
murder of Frank Angelo, near Walsenburg, April 28, 1914, by "other gunmen"; to the  murder of Luke  Ver
rado for their services as gunmen of
the coal operators? -When Ammons
says "most of them come from tho
best families of the State," he libels
and slanders the good citizenship of
Colorado, for he knows that -most of
them were dregs of tke qlvlc cesspools
of the world. Ammons say*'they were
there to ree-stabllsh personal and
property rights and and lawful organized government. The Congressional
committee's report will ahow tbat
they were there to defend the property
rights of tbe coal operators, to deny
personal rights and to set aside constitutional government.
DO you ever consider
the importance of
eo
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
tevday by tht rati ittttfa.
"INtamiaoaa lamp It aow 9M* ■
toa cash, tad UM tet, mum *«"
count*; tat ia tSJ* tart, aad Ugntt*
h ttm «••%.
-Kshsuition of ttt wpply «■ tit*
H gtvta tt ttt rstata for tbt td-
vanet hy at official af tht Colorndo
Fuel aad Iron Coaapaay."
Tine tbt operator* declare that*-
etlvtt It ht dellberait Maffitm
Ik* %mt,x\tm  in, wkivb  tVmt did
ttmr fMstfFf
In one statemtat, taws* Aagaet aUtarktw* Mt* a cewtrdly yette* «*•*.
tb# aateatttd that an tht eta! ta Ammott I* ttt ptvtoa who. whilt
Mat mtmd tlmt ttt mmtm *m tt* at*tatet«* pmsata aa 411* asWtia
•booth. | carried ta a brutal tlvR war agalatt
Aatast i ttt tome comptty. ttt C. ttt striken, tal cringing aai sryiaf
F.aadl,e*a*«a*edat»lttt<Wc«attjat ia* tut* batte, aa< twtagh of •
per mm, mete aewettry httaaaw ttt [seta to tatert Ma ttttwHy tt 43*rte*
mm*t tf teal I* Mhttate^. eltUtf | Ktecetfvo of tht ttttt-tHbtr bttMtt
that thty art ntuAla to tteore tnfntr* ht wa* too tpMltw or beetote be
tt eovett tt* itaeiad Jlaat-tt shot Jettf at wmM eei  tht
If you want really high
class printing»the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
••QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :-:   Fernie, B. C.
m
WMMM«***««**MMM
mmm*
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Genuine
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Beware of
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Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
TOEDgraiCT LEDGES, FERNIE, BAQ., SEPTEMBER 12, 1914
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
X    i * * **
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Systematic .Financing
of Labor Conflicts
PAGE SEVEN
&
By C. J. Schott
One
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Clean Rooms, Best of
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THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Central
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Large Airy Rooms &
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Ross Brothers 5»
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Cigars
Mail Orders receive
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Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Ssus-
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THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
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Send us your orders
C#i.L OR PHONE
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Wholesale j.iquqr Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boott tod
Shoes, Gtnti' Furnishing!
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
of the several progressive
measures provided for action of the
American Federation of Labor at its
convention last November in -Seattle
was the following resolution by the
Central Labor Council of Seattle and
Vicinity:
Resolved, That this convention provide for the selection of a committee'
to devise ways and means for better
co-operation ibetween its affiliated
Unions on occasion of strikes and
lockouts, with instructions to report
at the American Federation of Labor
convention next year,        '
"This committee shall    study    the
needs of organized labor in its work
of defending against lockouts, and ln
its aggressive work to advance the
Interests of labor wherever strikes or
lockouts may be Involved.   Especially
it shall consider, aevlse and report
back a plan whereby power may   he
placed in the hands of the American
Federation of Labor to levy, collect
and disburse, ln accordance with rules
to be provided; a tax upon each mem-
her directly under the  jurisdiction
of the American  Federation of  Labor, and of any National or International Unions affiliated with it, for
the' purpose of meeting the expenses
of any strike or lockout of a national
character, or in cases involving the
general Interests of the labor movement.   It shall be the duty of   the
committee, in furtheance of the above
work, to enter   into   correspondence
with  the executive officers  and directing councils of all N'ational and
International Unions and seek their
co-operation.
"The expenses of this committee to
be paid from the treasury of the
American Federatoin of Labor."
The above resolution was referred
to the executive committee of the
Federation, thus making it the duty
of the committee to bring the question before the convention in concrete
form at its next session; and this
makes it an issue before the entire
membership of organized labor in the
intervening year.
4* resume of an article in support of
the resolution, which appeared in the
Seattle Record Union convention week
will probably be the best introduction
to this series of papers on the "Sys-
itoaLatLe-^lnaneing-ofJiabor-^Soafti-eto^-
The American federated laibor movement in its present form only began
to assume noticeable proportions
about thirty years ago, and in that
period of time has attained a membership of over two millions, composed
almost entirely of workers at what are
termed "skilled trades." But this
number ls less than one-tenth of the
great body of the workers of the
country (leaving out of consideration
women and children, many of whom
are entering tho field of Industrial
competition).
During this
power, unless they stand closer, together on this question of the strike
and lockout. They must return to
the recognition of the fact that the
final sanction for all human law is
physical force—not necessarily Its application, but the ability to use it
promptly when needed.
.There should   be such    an  understanding brought about between    thc
National and International Unions of
North America and the American Federation Of Labor that whenever any
strike or lockout occurs of a national
character,  or  large  scope  in   which
the general vital Interests of the labor
movement are Involved, the Federation—or such composite board as may
be determined upon--could levy an assessment of 5 or 10 cents upon every
member affiliated, provide for its collection, accounting and payment    to
the National or International  Union
affected, for its members;  and also
repeat and continue the assessment
from week to week so long as   the
need therefor existed.
If this   power,   properly   regulated,
were possessed   by   the   Federation,
and it caused it to be publicly
generally known that the Federation's I
policy was to promptly use this power
to defend its membership, there would
be much less willingness on the part
of employers of labor—big or little—
to enter   into   unjust quarrels   with
Unions already established, or to seek
to prevent the formation of Unions by
the workmen in their service.     And
when a contract was made iby them
with a Labor Union it would be entered into honestly and with the intention of living up to it without evasion,
because of the knowledge that any
other course would meet with the punishment it    deserved.    Such    power
would increase the stability of
tracts when made.
The
'     WAR—WHAT   FOR?
By George R. Kirkpatrick, in APPea| to
Reason
"big stick," held in the firm
grip of organized labor, and energetically used when necessary, would do
more to infuse a sense of economic
justice into the minds of the employing class than a century of begging
has done.
iThls method of protection would
cost the workingman but little Indl»
vidually, and an actual assessment
would not have to be made often, because  the  ability, and  determination
,   ..     , ■    *■*•
cases,
Civilisation hit made marked advancement. Tbey formerly killed with
tbe stone ax; In the early dayt of
America thty used tht bow tnd ar
row; now they slaughter with machine gum tnd high explosives.
||   THE     |^ H   88K&1854
HomeBankofCanada
head omen and met manchu w Toronto
MMO MAM* OM-mlMetatw
MUNCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
Uuteoiet sewling mooer (hrevgh the mails, ete a Home Baak Matey
Qtder.  It le tefer, and ittistitti-M ie net ttettetiy.  Tbt Htmt Beak §
rate* far Money Ofdere are i  Toeen-dlttt-duader, k.tt*)t»|IO-,6c.|
IIO to IM, Kk.i |» to ISa He. • *
«!• F. MACDONALD, Manager
vwtohia avim       4.       *e*       mmm* ao.
i
,
List of Locals District 18
Nt. Namt tee. anil P, 0, Address
it Whnt Ath Mat W«. Marrt, Ttbtr, AJU.
fi r*  'l   • -        "I ^    ■*,-. ■
mw o-mmm-Aatm-Um-w* •#*,.»«.•*#*•*«•«*   nt m-tumndtk^ 9 -■dmt*t*JbA*m0tto A-HSu
W Vmitw <TVrt< .V Uiwltmm, Bwi.-W- Cm-It, tin i'ioemt.
IS! BtTWfttt .....Jaaatt Burke. Dm M, DeUtvu* Alta.
lilt KtiftMr*    .-.yf.CCbrtttopbom*Slnlrmwn,kltx
Nl Bormls.. .........T. G. Harttet, Ptttbwi, Alu.
ttll fSfcrttwItlt I. Mkch.il, Carbondale, Coleman, An*,
ne* -t..,,.,,  ., i-tt.i... *,* ,, ,.
■j-- ............ <..,».„^,, .*_i.,1*.i., ^.uttsint. tkSmm,
MM VoUmnn... ,. 4, Mumae. Cnliwtt. Alta.
tITT Come Om Wtm. CorMt. B. C
tm Cbitmb MMtt. Itt. ftonm, OhlnvOk. TU Diamond City. Alta.
MI4 fbnt* ;> Thot Wi^,|^Jb,C. «W, Alta.
tm F-nwt  Bran Morgan, ftmak, Alu.
.$tw! -ttotennr,............... W, BtWtfttott, ffttntr, B. C.
tmt wmtoet,,,.  ftom 'rbompnm*, f-mtmnr,, Mu.
614 IMAbtkim*** U. Moort. 1711 -Smr» ATtMt, N. l^dtferMft
itt*> t^tk^Mo* t\m**tm ., .Prnrk tbttrtngk-Mp, CaaSutsnt Alu.
mt Mnplo Uot ..T. 0. Harriet, PaMtaft jUfe
tm Mirt.*l II.KhMr.)IU*UC
tlii Ptmtmre T. 0. Herrlea, Pemdmn, Attn.
m Tnbnt.....,.»........„ A. F-aatratt. Tfcfcsr, AHt,
tm mem/me, Cnnmorn  ,Vnt Rvrter, tkmmebb, Ottawre. AXs.
ttm nrattt* mtm ttmff WRotm, ffordem. fib Rooty SfautU
tta Htttt, ANwita.
same period the processes of production In most industries have entirely or very considerably changed. Complicated, highly
skilled hand processes have been resolved Into series of mechanical operations and machines provided to
do them. Corporations and trusts have
taken the place of the small factory,
and along with consolidated management have (become more arhltary in
the demands upon their employes,
nnd In many cases the rrnft Unions
involved have becomo but little more
than a name. Some of the mora
highly skilled trades have fared a lit-
tie better, but alt of them have been
more or less led away 'by tht Idea that
collective tinrgnlnlng, contracts and
arbitration will secure just regard by
tht employer and make strlkea unnecessary. These means have reductif
strikes, but it is undeniable that thty
have also been used to dsfeat Justice
and defraud tht workmen, and to set
In nettou forces which tend to disintegrate the Unions and destroy their
iiower.
But we still have the strike with ua;
more often it Is the lockout. And
generally they come tt the tlmt when
the employer wants them—and result
as he wants them. When It Is easier
to arbitrate and win than to lockout
and win he arbitrates--wilh the enmi>
result.
If collective bargaining, labor contracts tod arbitration are to bave any
value to tbt membership of Labor
t'fsioas, there mmi be something in
their hands more substantial than a
paper filled with a ron fining mass of
leial verbiage and a plentiful supply
of coufldeuca tn "tbe good boas," Thty
must hnvo tlio po wnr to eitfovet tluuj
contract; tnd tht fact mutt bn to)
u.v«*t,> ?»mmi to itt tost that he
*i.'.'1 .-...j j....'. it, jtiu-ik ihwm Oy open
fliht or underhand evasions.
The -pftwtMr tn mtm*o faw c<o«dtUo*»
not resist encroachments upon thtlr
rt|M* which Vnlons mum have it tin-
tM**i **> Mi«iii-iM> Mna«, or to resist t lockout. Tht tact thtt at any
particular time the workers fall to
enforen thtlr Jntt demands hy the
strike. If necessary. Is evident* of
thtlr rotations weakness: tnd tht
mm* of thl* wtintinmi lUt w«ry I*nu-i
ly It tht nbtmnm et nftttm It fltiate-
fng fho 'ttlkct tin -vuililuhuui. .Hktnoi
flalit, tie* to defend himself, naleta
pravltkm ta made for hU need* vttlte
earnings tt his -ratling are to upended. (
Tht ham rnhmii ©f tht Amorlcan \
Vft^rti'lae tte l-ncretittag it ntniiier
of mgtBhew.. tut Uuu will 1.0. to-
trtnto tor tttt IpM tWr own   to
to_gct promntly;—aeould.—m—uhw
avert the trouble—and at the
same time win the contested point.
If being <prepared for trouble is of
any merit as a prevention of trouble,
then it is time to prepare in earnest
and thus establish and secure prolonged peace by becoming too big and
strong to permit of attack.
To the 00 <per cent of labor which is
unorganized, the fact that they could
get some real protection ln the Union
under these conditions of preparedness would be a greater motive to
enter the Union ranks than any heretofore presented to them.
The present method by which the
Federation Issues a call upon the several Unions for an assessment to
meet any extraordinary requirement
Is too slow, Is not certain of resi^ltt,
and any aid given is too late to be
of much service.
It will be said that such a system'
would be no more rapid than the present method. If thc proper rales are
provided, this would not be the case.
Almost all the National nnd Intor-
national Unions carry cash funds on
hand from which advances would
willingly be made In the interval between the first asuessment levy and
Its collection. The repayment of
this ndVance would bo certain and
prompt, for each International or National Union would handle • the collection of that portion of the assessment levied upon Its own members.
Labor strikes arc not desirable for
anybody , unless they are necessary;
but Mlien they do become necessary,
they should be made as big and ns
strong und snift us it itossible for
the great body of united organised Ir.
bor In make them, by the best system of financing   nnd
An Impossible Imbecile
The following lines are from Paper
Xo. 50 of the literature of the American branch of the Association for International CoimcUation:
"The inarch of events points definitely to the exercise of their power
by bankers without governmental intervention.   ...   A well-known   incident, of which we have record,    is
when Meyer Rothschild, by pre-arranged special messages, received advance
news of Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo
and was thus able to speculate profitably upon the barbarism of the English and the butchering of the French.
"This enormous costliness of war
has added to, the power and influence
of the bankers and in particular the international bankers, for the means to
carry on such war must be obtained
by the fioation of large loans. . . .
"The international banker must be,
and Is, informed of conditions the
world over. To this knowledge he
must add capacity in the world of International politics and diplomacy.
"And when the purse strings are
drawn against war, war must perforce
come to an end.
"More and more frequently is his
(the banker's)  dictum given  weight
andjiu determining if war shall come   or
""'" not; whether war shall continue when
once inaugurated.
"The Russo-Japanese conflict of
1904-5 was halted in a large measure
because bankers refused to float further loans, after probably $1,500,000,-
000 had been wasted in tbe contest."
To all who understand something of
the financial problems of war, the fact
it as plain as a flag flapping in the
sky, that bankers and other powerful
capitalists can prevent a war or stop
a,war as they choose.
In the event of a declaration of
war, if only a few hundred of the nations' leading statesmen, bankers and
other capitalists were chained and
locked by the ankles to the wheels of
gatling guns and heavy artillery and
forced thus to go to the front and
stay there where the humble lads of
the working class must face fire and
steel, the declaration of war would be
immediately cancelled.
After many times Mp*,thousand boys
had been butchered-iMKthe Russo-Japanese' war; after litgRreds of thousands of young men mra been wounded
and weakened -by disease; after millions of homes in Russia and Japan
-were-saddened—a
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
sn
is not the only source
of severe wounds and
injuries. However
caused, wounds, cuts,
burns, eczema, piles,
skin diseases and eruptions are most quickly cured by Zam-Buk.
SlNOTRAISED
he is much more likely to be overbearing, insolent and offensive; he is
also readier to pick a quarrel. The
same is true of nations.
Dut what shall we do if our country
is in actual war from a foreign foe?
_jFirst: Move heaven   and   earth to
have the working class in both countries involved  understand  the
tion.     Second:     Don't   get
Third:   Have good manners,
teous;   that  It, don't  rush
situa-
excited.
Be cau-
upto the
con-
woK*eii**sn-~T*JTCH'
grief; after the steaming blood of
-thousands of the working class had actually run down the hillside tn
Port Arthur; after this tragedy in
Manchuria had reached this stage, a
few dozen bankers and a few other
big business men whispered together
about the dangerous degree ot financial risk on any further Russo-Jap war
loan; then they drew tight their purse
strings and thus stalled the war. This
is now known by all the best-Informed
people in the world.
, Why did not these distinguished
leeches stall the wur before the cannon began to feast upon the flesh and
bloom of tha working class?
Ynu fathers and sons of the working 4'lnss,' you mothers and daughters
of the working class, please think i
thlR matter over carefully—and act
accordingly. The working class must
Itself defend tho working class.
You voters in the working class:
On the battlefields of industry stand
solidly together.
On tho liimloficld of politics stand
unswervingly together.
In case a «ar is declared, why not
front in vulgar haste to take all   the
good opportunities to get on the firing
line.   Why not stand back courteously
and let the bankers and their sons, the
big manufacturers and    their   sons,
the 'senators   and   congressmen   and
their sons   enlist?     Remember   our
country belongs to them chiefly,   and
they ought tb be given an excellent
opportunity to defend lt.
*" *   *
)
What is good, general policy for the
working class respecting militarism ?
First: Require' all school teachers
to tell all school children to despise
and hate war. Require that all the
school children shall be taught the
origin and history of war; the cost
and the cause of war; the special purpose of modern wars; the moral effects of war, etc. Second: Require all
school teachers to teach all children
that the constitution of the United
States (third amendment) guarantees:
"That the right of the people to bear
arms shall not be Infringed." Require
all the teachers to explain that this
meant wheu it was put into the consti-
tution,--that all of the neoplfl-BhaiUd-
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey,
Secretary, J. B. Moiklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS   I
Meet overy Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
tMeets every other Monday
at 8 p. m„ in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE AS-
SOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
iM'RS. J. BROOKS, W. lM.
W. ORR, Secretary-
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHTOX, W. -M.
J. SKILL1NG, Rec. Sec.
g^tgyfn**g^<roi|{H
A. Macnell S. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
business men imve been butchering
nnd being butchered on the firing line
for, let us say, thirty days ut leust?
Let them go first to the front—If need
be, chained to the cannon wheel*.
always be permitted to provide them
selves with plenty of firearms. Third:
Arm everybody or nobody.   , Fourth:
Train everybody or nobody.   Fifth: In
the constant civil war in Industry—
ln the   class   struggle—the   working
class    struggle—the   working   class
should fight just as nearly as possible
as a class.   They should study; and as
Lfoon as possible they should recognize
the folly of requiring one regiment of,
tne working class to fight the united!
and   class-loyal    capitalist   class   ln
strikes. For example:   All the men In
this country engaged ln coal mining,
should make thoir contracts with the
employers begin and end at the same
time,   Both the anthracite miners and
tlio soft coal miners, the coal miners
In thc far west, coal miners In the Mississippi Valley, coal miners In the east,
north,   south,    everywhere    In    this
country—should be .federated together, so that they could present a solid
front to th«> mine-owning group of the
cjipiialUt class.   There   should   also,
when practicable, be an intcriiationnl
timing of contracts,   fn other words,
F. C. Lswe Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie. E C.
SHOOTING SEASON
BEG!NS_SEPT, 1st
Call and see us before
setting out  for your
fall hunting trip
t* *y   ran   devise.
Press Association.
very rapidly the working class should
 " " «via.*»u, -iii ""I j organise both on the Industrial field
walt-walt-calmandcool,tllltheblf|and on t„p |w|„|caJ f|e|l| fof un|(ed
defwiMv-H action. If #the railroad
workers in (li-mnany nml the ml I ron rl
worker* In the I'nited States had an
underntatiding on Ihe matter of united
action, they themselves could make a i ■
QUESTIONS I *ar ,M't*''"en Germany nnd the I'nited I
l.n't It true that iplllCry training  8,ntp,,t   ««»«»l.ilely     Imposslhl,    The
develops and Improve,   young    „,„„ | ««">«"« «»'« «r the railroad workers n I
.     .     ,.   -*, . MniLu .ii.il   Uio   I iuumI    SI-hIhn.    Am |
' VM."t..d n great many forms of use ""*"' " ',0,""i,,ln ,th*r'' ,,ho,,I«,   ^
f,| labor and a ,n»i nu.,) nut-mili-  '}™^»\» "*«™> •»'">•"« *««'"-|
taristlc gymntatlt exercises nnd sports j ,,on»  *«>rW»t^« consrlouj.ne«.    a!
-these, also, without rlfl-s. and with-   W0#'W"?C M," ,0Jf,,fy' * "■^Ing^l.ss ■
manMeniVn'>»1 »*• *mt*ol*mo ot murder., with I(,r on " lti*aslt> ""', " •«Ml»*--l"«:
Western
.   .     'equal thoroughness, develop and 1111
prove yoiiiw men physically.   Military ;
 ^__ exercliftt are no more necrMiAry for'
Tlu- masters think they" have got J""" t»hMl<»l development of mm tlmn
rid of the problem of unemployment j 'I"1)' «r«' 'or *<""«'»'- I
by setting the worker* to killin* eseh
other It will be found that th*) have
mart taught those remaining at home
to think.
.     -action In politic*.   X. M, T.
TMINKINO THtMIS
We do not hate the one who tempt*
us ta iio wronn, we often love him;
*<» h»l*r •}»<- onn abo tries tw rnstkt' uk
do better.
,    The Ik»>  l;ki«    Ilit-rkN&erry    tnm.
I    SkltO   .-Ifllll   .   .    V.f».     ,..    I.*,.:  ...
If nol taigp preparation for »*ir the
best mean* of securing peace?
Vo   li is **•>» l-.newa that nktu eu ■■- ••*    •
1  .„,,.,„. . I Individual Is, hy long training equip. ] * ho cnllnre him to idtou*** *»M hm»*
The best biography   the life   that j ped for t fight, and is armed with a 1 »< «*: he hates the teacher who k««»p*
writes charity in ihe largest letters,    j wvolvtr and a knife snd a blackjack, i him nt his useful tasks, nnd the goody.
'   * Rimtly girl who tt'lln him In- inu»t not
L'-""" '      :- " do thin or that.
Tbe church often elevated to power
.««»« mmu imo tlieir utmost to degrade
*.' .' ).«.«**«w»tea, kuont: wno sougftt lo
intuit ll.
Xi>   '.AffJl.l.     halt:     U   MitH'fe   ket-IIIT
than that of a t*avalit*r for a round-
I lu-ad: tkt* r*'i**tm mm* tbn* ih* mt*m>*
eeaii watwM te improve the cavalier's
morals,
A woman pllle* her fallen slitter,
sicks to aid her, and even organise*
movements for h»-r n**AUii<e; but
for those other women, they who vrw
,***■* u, ti*. fiinrc virtuous, Ibvy lutxn1
only resentment
The raise it tbe prtre of foods It
ihe fntied §W*t \* ua mure need! ft I
rh»n Ir t<n*l<t b* tu i family tu deny
torn* tuoi bntoer* otVf** «l*l»i*d to
r*t m»n> <tf It. I*. .« iUu t»iv*>U •>*-
teat ttd tothttf Mat thtt la advene-
ing Ihe high cost of lli Ing
We have the largest As-
sortment of Rifles, Shotguns, Ammunition li Camp*
Ing outfits in the pass
J. D. QUAIL
FERNIE    -    B.C.
Hn-M-o Tim
We ofr^r One HumlM-I Dollars Reward for any esse »f <*ai*rrh that fan*
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Core.
I\ J. CHKSKY *t CO, T*»««4«. t%
\V«*.. iln. und. rflmnrd, liav* known V.
lilm |i»rtertl3' f.i.rn.rAl.le In all l.>i»lt,p«.*»
tran*eetl<Hi»   *eA   flwannlellr   «W*   ««
rarrv niii anv «>t.H»a»l«»« tntitf hy t-1*
Un...
HiMf'SM. ItlMK Of COlfURRC*^
T#.In|,.  1*
V..:
Ir. ».-•,
tlmnei.
with
■i;i.i n
ttllt* ttatt'*
patlott.
1 *•* s#i«*« irilfrimt.
I'.;,   Un*  ItUntti *i,il
'•tff*^.«  t,t  lh* at*tam,    -ft...
.1 i)i iin.tttmkifXa,
Vntn'llt
rHAk*-*t**
ntls for rwn*il>
ShffohkCim
tnnwK.*.sw.*'At.t'ii:i\
'■''"S^v: ">-". ••
%■ 1
•s-A
AA,
ft>.\**&M
-ityji-zy* sAA'S ;" -
im EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEENIE, B.C, SEPTEMBER 12, 1914
• v
r
mmmmfrn
/
The New Fall
"\-
Bargains for Ladies9
NEW VELVETEENS-NEW CORDED VELVETS
Popular iu dresses and suits.    Shown  in  every
- wanted color, in a heavy piled cloth of extra good
quality;.    Splendid for children's wear, also for
women's winter dresses.   Prices, per yard, 60c, 75c
and $1.00.
DISTINCTIVENESS,
The word that characterizes our showing of new fall
coatings.   (See window display.)
We are showing an excellent range of heavy
wool coatings in the season's newest materials and
patterns. Pure wool cloths in the very newest
and up-to-date designs. Large checks and broken
plaids are popular, followed closely by the ever-
popular Harris Tweed effect. A range of coatings
that goes to make selection easy, and is particularly
solid for its low-price quotations. Prices,$1.50 to
$3.00 per yard.
HOW ABOUT YOUR SWEATER COAT FOR
PALL AND WINTER?
(See Window Display)
Our splendid new stock of fall and winter sweater coats is unpacked and ready for your inspection,
all embodying the best and latest ideas in sweaters.
All new colorings and combinations of colorings in
every size. Heavy, nianish effects, with the big
button roll collar; also medium ancl light knitted
qualities for lighter wear. AVe are showing some
splendid lines for skating and snowshoeing, and advise early selection.   Prices $3.50 to $15.00 each.
QUALITY,   STYLE  AND  MODERATE   PRICE
QUOTATIONS EXEMPLIFIED IN OUR
ENTIRE RANGE OF NEW FALL
COATS
Every new fall and winter coat in stock is a,
model of perfect tailoring, made by expert tailors;
every one a model of style correctness, as shown in
large fashion centers. Every coat a carefully
chosen garment, catering to the people of Pernie as
never before, with an unequalled range pertaining
to style, cloths and colorings. Sport coats, three-
quarter length coats, full length coats, many featuring the Baloccana'n sleeves, also the newest
ideas in collars and trimmings. Prices range
from  ;. .$7.50 to $40 each
Men's Sweaters
Wc are showing a great variety of colors and
styles in men's coait sweaters.
Men's extra heavy Jumbo knit coats, with very
large collars. Colors in maroon, grey, tan, myrtle,
khaki and navy. Priced at $4.50, $5.00, $5.50, $6.00,
$7.50 und up to $10.50 each.
Men's heavy Shaker knit coat sweaters, with
shawl collars, are very popular and serviceable.
Priced at $4.00 to $7.50, in all colors; sizes from 36
to 48 chest.
Men's heavy plain or fancy knit coats in Norfolk
style; a style up-to-the-minute, made in all the best
shades, sizes 36 to 44.  Prices $5.00 to $10.00
Sweater coats for office men in fine, close-ribbed
wool, .without collar; colors, grey, navy, brown,
green, and white.
Boys' sweaters in all styles and colors are also
shown in our men's department. Boys' Jerseys,
Boys' Coat Sweaters, Boys' V-neck Sweaters, Boys'
Pull-over Sweaters.   Sizes 20 to 32 chest measure.
Ladies' & Children's
Footwear
Ladies' Oxfords at $1.75 per pair. Regular values
from $2.35 to $3.00 per pair.
These are made in 'black vici kid and tan calf
leathers. Good, serviceable shoes, suitable for
house or street wear. On sale Saturday at, per
pair $1.75
Girls' and little gent's shoes and slippers at $1.65
per pair.   Regular values to $2.50 pair.
Girls' black and tan ankle strap slippers, medium heavy soles, made on broad footfonn lasts,
sizes 8 to 10M;.
Little gent's laced boots, made in fine box calf
leather, good, thick soles, shoes that will stand hard
wear.
On sale Saturday at $1.65 per pair.
Child's and infants' shoes at $1.10 per pair. Made
in black and tan leathers, in button and lace styles,
hard soles and little wedge heel.
On sale Saturday at $1.10 per pair.
Crockery Ware
DINNER- SETS
In four colors, dark blue, medium blue, liglit blue
and pink.  Regular, $9.25 for -.$7.25
TOILET SETS
In four colors, dark -blue, medium blue, pink and-
brown.   Regular $3.50, for $2.95
WATER JUGS
White with blue band, regular 50c, for 35c
White with blue band, regular 35c„ for 25c
White with blue band, regular 25c, for 30c
AVhite with blue band, regular 15c, for 10c
AVhite with gold band, regular 50c, for. .  ,     35e "
AVhite with gold band, regular 35c, for 25c
AVhite with gold band, regular 30e, fo 20c
TEAPOTS
Plain green, regular 65c, for  50c
Plain green, regular 45c, for  40c
Plain green, regular 35c, for  ' 30c
Brown with green band, regular 60c, for 50c
Brown with green band, regular 50c, for ......45c
Brown with green band, regular 30c, for 25c
WASHING MACHINES
Vollmar's Perfect Washers, regular $10.00, for $8.50
Easy Washer, regular $10.00, for  $8.50
WRINGERS
Universal, regular $4.00, for $3.50
Eze, regular $5.50, for $4.90
BAKE BOARDS
Regular $1.00, for 85c
Regular 85c, for v 65c
CLOTHES BASKETS
Regular $1.50, for $1.25
Regular $1.25, for 96c
IRONING BOARDS
Combination, regular $3.25, for $2.90
Single board, regular $1.00, for  80c
SCRUB BRUSHES
Regular 25c, 30c and 35c, for 20c
GLASSWARE
Water pitchers, regular $1.40, for $1.15
AVater pitchers, regular $1.25, for ;. .$1.00
Water pitchers, regular 35c, for 25c
Glasses to match each, per dozen $1.25
Syrup jugs, regular 75c, for 60c
Syrup jugs, family size, regular 50c, for 40c
Syrup jugs, regular 45c, for  35c
AVe carry a complete stock of paints, oils, varnishes, stains and dry paints.
Grocery Specials
For Saturday
Fibre Scrub Brushes, 2 for '.; ', $ ,25
Union Scrub Brushes, 2 for ". 25
Robin Hood Cream of Wheat,- 2 for : 25
Satinette's Candy, per-pound 15
Table Figs, per pound , : .'. 20
Golden Dates, per pound ...' 15
Silver Prunes, 2 lb. for '. ,."   .35
Freemoni Grape Juice, pints, 2 for     .45
Cross & Blaekwell's Jam, 7 lb. tins ".  1,15
Cross & Blaekwell's Red Currant Jelly, 1 lb...   .25
Cross <fe Blackwell 's Jam, 4 lbs 65
Lard, 3 lh. pails 50
Paragon Pickles, 40 oz  35
Black Knight Stove Polish, 3 tins 25
Van Camp's Beans in Sauce, medium size     .20
Toliet Soaps, assorted, 8 for 25
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lb 75
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIALS
Castoria, per bottle .' $ .25
Sedlitz Powders, per pkg     .15
AViuslow's Soothing Syrup 20
Scott's Emulsion, large size     .75
Beechinan's Pills .. 1 20
Lyman's Beef and Iron AVine, 16 oz 50
Lyman's Talcum Powder, large size 25
Hind's Honey and Almond Cream 40
J
U
RUG AND CARPET VALUES FROM THE FURNITURE DEPARTMENT
Mats 27 by 54 inches, nice velvet pile, assorted,
patterns and colors. $1.35 to $10.00
Art squares, just the thing for a bedroom oi* living room; greens, browns, reds and fawns,
2y2x3...$4.65 3x3...$5.65 3x3%. ..$6.65
Half wool carpet squ-ares. in a nice assortment of
patterns and coloring, 3x4 $15.00
Cocoa door mats 35c to $1.35
Art stair carpet. 23 inches wide, regular 65c, at,
per yard 50c
Dyed burlaps for  the  wall,  36   nnd 54  inches
wide, per yard 40c and 60c
Money Saving Prices
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
The Store of
Quality
\
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MlCHELT!OtrKClimyCOIi.l.X^£^K^
7
"CHARLIE" CAME BACK
Camping ls an experience and the
varying vissltudes of cainp life must be
borne philosophically and without a
murmur. If you lose a horse and have
to travel twenty-five miles to capture,
bim, get away into a quiet spot for half
an hour and get the "aggravating expressions" off your chest (never mind
if the air is blue), then tako a train
into town and hire another horse.
Don't trouble about the rirst horse-
be didn't worry a damn about you,
and won't but he'll get home.
A party went out from Fernie and
took a "Charlie" horse. Now, It should
bo understood that all horses not
called "Peto" or "Jim" arc "Charlie"
horses. It is a peculiarity of owners
to «aH th«ir hows "-Charlie," so if
you know of a horse named "Charlie"
don't let this prejudice you, should you
wish te hire or purchase. Well, thn
party took "Charlie" out to Morrissey
(or, rather, "Chnrllo" did the taking
and the party did tho persuading), In
a moment of ill-advised generosity
they turned "Charlie" out to pme,
But "Charlie" was a "homer," and
after chasing around for some two
hours, the hor&n hit the road and
boat It home, "II— bent for election,"
an our American cousins would my, tn
the meantime the hunting party were
trying all kinds of trailing slums,
persuading themselves that their steed
would be found grating ott the libelous foliage near camp.   Alas!  for
once the biped was basely deceived
by the quadruped, and lt was not until
the evening tihat they learned of the
depravity of the gee. A journey into
town and a gallop back on a fresh
steed was part ot the consequences,
while an Inability on the part of one
of the campers to sit comfortably next
day was another result of the gallop.
Moral: When you hire a steed don't
be too generous, for he may consult
his own wishes before yours.
DID YOU GO HUNTING?
"I say you all ought to organize for
your own sake and the sake of humanity. You can not better your conditions individually. You may come
up a little, but don't get It Into your
head that you can go up alone. You
must understand that your standard
of wage* In regulutcd by tho lowest
paid man, whether organized or unorganized,
NOTICE
m    •Miners, stay away from Tn- ♦
*+> ber, as the mlnet ate not work- <
m Ing and no prospects of work. ♦
m Hundreds of men Idle.
m a, lumMAN, ♦
m Pres. Local 102.    ♦
m ALEX PATBRSO.V,        ♦
► Secretary-Treasurer    ♦
ire Sale!
Goes merrily on and will be continued unli!! &oudb atc ■*" -M-W-
Take advantage of the big reductions.
A   8PLENDID   DI8PLAY
FOR  PAY-DAY
A. W. BLEASDELL'S
DRUG STORE FERNIE
Put this question to most of tlie
sporting element ln town and they will
answer in the negative, or will dismiss
the question as bolng of little or no
importance. But tbey went a hunting or fishing, sure. Yes, all sorts,
kinds and conditions went hunting and
fishing—the writer included. And
most of thero got—NOTHING! Or it
they did' get anything, they did not require a pack horse to .carry it -heme.
The majority of tho hunters were not
lacking tn equipment, and ln many instances when one caught a first glimpse
of them you thought they had escaped
from Europe. High-power rifles, automatic rifles, military rifles, single
and double-barrel shotguns, skinning
knives (but nothing to skin), axes,
packsacks (full of grub), blankets and
last, but not least, ammunition belts
full of ammunition. It was quite common to see a man belted with fitly
rounds, while be might hare had at
many moro rounds packed away In his
pack. Evidently some of them thought
to glvo the game "one hell ot a time,"
but in most cases tbe game gave them
"one hell of a time" finding 'em. In
fact, so thick were tho hunters at <Mor-
rlssey that one had a better chance of
shooting a deer on the government
road Ihiiu ou the Mils. Ciilck-wt were
everywhere but where tbe hunters
were, very few reached town.
If only the black bear that escaped
after having had some fourteen shots,
would eome and tell his experiences, it
should be better reading than most of
the war new*
Ono lone hunter went out onto tbt
mountains on the (1, X, side of Morrissey and is credited with securing a
grizzly snd a black bear, not vary
largo, true. A party of ten camped
abovo aad below a deer lick ott tbe
M. F. 4 M. track st llorrtasey aad—
waited! "And so did the deer, 1
guess!"
Two boys, determined to get all the
birds on top of tbs mountains, started
a hike from Coal Creek evet tb*
mountains to -Morrissey en Asturda?
ovonlng. Tbey bad Iota ot eiperieace
but oot a dosl ol um, tiro* birds
being tbe bag. Tlw atrae* Morrissey
nlMS at about I p. m. Seaday. prsay
well used up. Untot agate! Chkken
sad bteon, with a top td Itm, trertred
thtlr drooping spirits, wbtie their
ooaspany was wel«o«#d at tbt scribe's
eamp.
•o great vat tbe crowd at Hit HIM*
townsfts tbat one otd timer was board
to reamrfc tbat it weald toon be toots'
asry to socart a constable to control
tb* traffic
Tbt stores ssast bave dene tjnlt* «
bosfneee la tentagaett to boaters, ead
thtre srfll bt a ttm dry deer If they
vsmtiiro star lit lb* at Mervfetty.
gboald aayoee aa feetuaet* *»e«gk te
got a door at tMa nertkakr spot, bo
need have no fear of the meat going
bad on him, for he will be saved the
trouble of salting.
There ls, unfortunately, not the
slightest doubt tihat a large amount ot
game was killed before the season
opened, and during the last few
months it was quite common to hear
shots and see men packing heavy
rifles aud guns around. These men,
who wero mostly foreign-speaking, bad
absolutely no excuse to offer when
questioned as to why they were packing guns and It is high time some of
our zealous wardens took this matter
up.
The Law of "Criminal
Conspiracy" as Applicable to LaborNsputes
Labor baa no more dangerous thing
confronting it than tho law ot criminal conspiracy. Wherever -members
of organized tabor raise their voices
or attempt to act In anywise along
lines of self-bettermeul, Just that
minute along comes tht sherl/f with a
warrant charging crlnlnal conspiracy.
Criminal conspiracy to <Jo something ■
It miy bo criminal conspiracy to vlo.
Iste the Sherman anti-trust law. as
In the ease of Oompers, Mitchell and
Morrison, or It may be criminal conspiracy to speak on tht stmts In alleged violation ot an alleged city ordinance, aa In the caso of tho San
Diego fight, or It may bo criminal conspiracy to prevent tbt employer from
securing other workers to Uke the
place of those wbo refuse to work under existing conditions, as la the esse
ot practically every strike ot aay large
dimension.
Criminal conspiracy baa been, in tbe
last five years used by authorities
In connection with every labor dispute, whether tbe sets attending that
dispute bo petty or grave, For ta-
ample, It was criminal coaepfreey te
It. A   ffl^tt   t.* ■•»» «■>.*.«    rt94,9r,99*   ttmt   Wtt*
\t%ot\* It we*. *Hm1*rt*i1 *imffdtnwt In
Lewreoee In tbo east ot War, <Ha>
vaoaltu aad Caruso. It was crimlaal
conspiracy at ladtaaapolla, te tke oaae
of Ryan, Clancy and others.
Vnir   •rW it ttf **►$* f5>Tf rit*t,*ga *f
conspiracy Is alwaya madef 3%eae
who know tbt law of caaeplraey real*
1st that tbe aaawtr to to ttagtt tbat
be wbo rime May read, thtm llmi
Immemorial Uda charge ot ooaapirncy
baa always bet* tttd by tbe govern.
meat to suppress all ealfled acttoa by
those opposed te tbo estttla* ordor.
Originally  tho Saw  was aptpNed  to
^Maftmm-eimiabf      JHmamJ^ae^si       Mj-ui-^ttaj^g-^L-B      mitt
character, again* Ibe extsttag gavera-
Uter, K came te ba appHti It
One ef tbe
Is  tbst af   tbt
London. Here the mere fa-ct that the
Women of London vs. the Brewers of
tub-women had united and formed an
organization, was in Itself, and apart
from any overt acts that the might
do, unlawful. This conception of the
law remained In force until well along
Into the nineteenth century, and it
took a distinct act of the British -Parliament to legalize labor unions.
Under the charge ot conspiracy, the
authorities, under tbe law, are allowed
to introduce a vast range of evidence
not directly pertinent to the particular
Individual or individuals on trial, but
which they get into the record under
the theory tbat the samo Is applicable
to the law of conspiracy. Just what
constitutes a conspiracy, the law Itself is uncertain about. For example:
We have Chief Justice Shaw, at ono
time Chief Justice ot tho Supreme
Court of the State of Massachu*e:ts.
saying, with reference to the definition
of conspiracy, "But the great difficulty Is lu framing any definition or
description to be drawn trom the decided cases which- shall specifically
Identify this offense—a description
board enough to Include all cases punishable under tbls description." If
the courts don't know what constitutes
criminal conspiracy, then bow osn It
be expected that a working man will
know?
Tho law of criminal conspiracy today is uncertain, defies Intelligent analysis and Is a perpetual menace to eo.
operation In any organized effort to
do anything contrary to tbe wishes of
those who control erganlzed government,, Under the law of conspiracy
everyone who co-operates In any or-
gaalsed movement la responsible for
each and every aet of eaeb and every
Individual co-operating along the Uie
of that movement, even though tbe aet
which the Individual doee is really
outside of the rsnge of the purpose of
tbe original program, provided that p
Jury sees fit to say, wbeo laflaeaced by
prejudice, malice and Ul-wlll, that *
conspiracy bad beta formed, ftosso of
tbe most vicious verdicts returned by
Juries bave been under the cloak of
ttitt X**** n* a-Aeat^m****
The 1«<w of enntodrnef Is a hydr*.
headed monster standing In tbe way
of organised progrew. It aubea pot-
aible rnaaUoM alsosrrfagse of jaattoe*,
redoeee tbe administration of tht law
fn tb* atbttm aett eeettem ot tnltema ann
Juries and makes It Impossible tm tke
oommon people to malalala tbat rasped for tbe admtalttreUea of (be lav
wbleb Is a fundamental rtqulste fer
tbe orderly progrees of eoefety. Wt
should dlreet all af oar efforts ta tlm
destruction of tbla legal myta which
possesses dangers far greater tlwa
aay vtrtaes tbat anyone aaa find in it.
At loag as tht law af arlatoal em
nptowcy etaada oa tbt atatate leaks af
either tba •tatt ar federal pnr»
■aate. tt ie Uapotoisto ta etcwe aay
large, broad aad swooping program af
organized labor.   ,
Labor must do one of two things:
It must either develop such control of
the machinery of government and of
the courts, particularly bb to enable it
to re-shape and re-make the law of
conspiracy ao tbat the law as It now
exists will no longer be applicable to
labor disputes, or, Independent ot the
securing of political control, labor
must secure such Industrial power as
will enable lt to call checkmate vo all
efforts of the authorities to enforce
tbe so-called law of conspiracy, thus
rendering Ineffective and impossible
of enforcement tbe law itself. The duty
Is Imperative tbat this law shall be
nullified in some manner, otherwise
all the efforts looking to the coalition
and creation of real solidarity in the
ranks of labor will be rendered ineffective by the authorities.—Attorney
Pred W. Moore, in the Citizen.
WORKERS   SHOULD   STAND   TO»
OETHIR
In a meeting of Detroit meat out-
tors and butchers workmen, called for
the purpose of discussing organise,
tion, Judgo E. J. Jeffries. In urging
these workers to •unite, said:
"You bave hot got any use for a
man who isn't loyal.
"LoyaKy Is one ot the greatest
Mrtngs any man oan have.
"There It a force working against
you tbat Is trying to break your loy-
ally, although your loyalty is your
bread and butter,
"You are like two dogs fighting
over one bone. Tbe workingmen have
not learned but are Journeying over
Into the other elans and making mil*
llonarles of those over tbe fence. It
nukes no difference what tbe trueta
do. Whether they like It or aot tbey
do not criticise, Thty are loyal.
-You aro tbe great mass. You bave
tha ooatrol af tbe government. Yoa
bare control of everything.
"We aro living under the Tory law
of organisation, Tbe dsy of indlrldn-
allty baa paaaed. The boss etna far
Classified Ads.- Cent a Word
FOR   SALE—Furniture.   Apply,   126
McPherson avenue, Fernie, B. C.
234
POR RENT—rrwo room (unfurnished).
Apply, W. Mlaton, 87 Mason avenue,
Fernie Annex. 340
FOR SALE—Horse, 8 years old, quiet
to ride and drive, and buggy, rub*
ber tired, in splendid condition. A
bargain. Inquire Ledger Office.  237
FURNISHED ROOM8—To let; comfortable home; every modern convenience. Phone Ko. 83; or call
house 103 Howland avenue.      239
LOST—between Fernie depot and
King's Hotel, on Monday evening, a
17-Jewelled Waltham watch (hunter
pattern), and gold chain; case
chased. Finder will be rewarded If
he returns same to this office or to
King's Hotel, Fernie, 141
you only that he may exploit you ao
that you may keep them In their Idleness and luxury. No man bas a right
to be outside of an organisation which
Is organized for his benefit.
"The labor movement stands as tbe
holleet ot movements. It oso ouly be
judged by what ere are trying ta do
and not by what mistakes we nuke.
We sre all full of mistakes. We must
not criticise,
"I think the man wbo criticises the
mistakes of a union num Is a vory
narrow-minded man.
"The Standard Oil Company la a
tremendous organisation for tbe production and distribution ot tbt product
at the smallest expense possible. It
is organised not for tbe good of Uie
human met, but tor tba ptrsoaal beat*
fit of Iti sfcarehetdrr*.
judgt Jtftries, during bis tiatteat
address, upheld the minora ef Oslo,
rado for defending themselvee aai
their ftim)H#» against the hired Oral*
of the mine operators.—Detroit Labor
Neva.
110 TICS.
Bank of Montreal
HOSMER,  •  E'C
Tti« Bank «f ItontrwU, Hetmcjr, wiimmum
th»tth«y will fe*«Mii* thtlr toraiwh mt tbat
point on Octobgr ttt, 1014,
Aufwt2«a.       N. F. Kendall, Algr*
■fmcfmrnn
s-wm'tMmwms*'*'*"**

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