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The District Ledger 1919-03-14

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OWNED, CONTROLLED,'PUBLISHED BY DISTRICT 18,U. M. W.of A.
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Printed by Union Labor
VOL. 1.    NO. 3t
AFERtViE,*B. C, MARCH  14, 1919
IZ
B. C.   Federation  of Labor
Takes Firm Stand For
Industrial Unionism
At the very outset of the gathering
of the British Columbia Federation
bf Labor which opened at Calgary
Monday morning the gage of battle
was thrown down. A revolutionary
resolution was introduced by Delegate
Midgely of Vancouver changing the
entire character of the federation.
Dave Rees, vice-president of the
Trades and -Labor Congress of Canada,
said the resolution waa a direct attack
on the policy of the Federation and it
should be referred! to the resolution,
committee. Midgely fought for immediate action and the resolution,
whidh roads as follows was carried by
practically unanimous vote:—
."Whereas, great and drastic
changes have taken place in the
industrial world, and, whereas, in
the past the policy of the British
Columbia federation of labor in
ing Its executive committee to Victoria pleading for the passage of leg
islation which is never passed and
would be futile if it were, is now
obsolete if it ever were useful;
therefore be it
"Resolved, that this convention
lay down as its future policy the
building up of organizations of workers on industrial lines for the purpose of enforcing, by virtue of their
industrial strength, such demands
as such organizations may at any
time consider necessary for their
continued maintenance and well
being, and shall not be, as heretofore, for the purpose of attempting
to persuade legislative assemblies
to amend, add to or take from existing statutes allegedly called tabor
laws, and be it further
"Resolved that the committees on
constitution and law be instructed
to amend the constitution of the
British Columbia federation of labor
in addition to the policy here laid
lad down.
Tom Moore Wined A nd Dined By The Manufacturers Association
(From Western Labor News)
The Montreal Daily Star, Fob. 2lst,
In describing the Canadian Manufacturer's -Banquet, at which Tom Moore,
President of the Trades Congress was
the guest of honor, emphasies strongly
tho "splendid spirit of friendahip and
co-operation that was manifest." Mr.
Moore "concluded amid great cheering." -This looks supiclous. Let us
go a llttlo further. We quote from tbe
article In questiorf:—
"The speaker made a powerful ap-
"pran~rof^e'MSWiauoirToTTOK Wtne'
unions, in their light against bone-dry
temperance legislation, ani in this
conjunction asserted that those who
wero iho strongest advocates oj such
a measure were the very mie.i who
preached Bolshevism and social rovolutlon. Continuing, Mr. 'Moore told
his hearers that tho enemies of organized society were the very ones who
sought to stir up friction between employer and employee. And sometlmos
in the, past such men as members of
the association bofore him bad Buttered from the mistakes of unions led by
sucb agitators. But that the rei-pon-
aible intelligent trades unionists vnn,
the capitalists' strongest bulwark, if
only a friendly co-operation was extended lo him, since ihe trades unionist, «mii Indeed -the worker, fully realized that tho ddwufall of the capitalist, aud the cossatlop of work in tht)
factory spoiled bis own idlonea, and j
possible starvation," « '
If Mr. .Mooro Is correctly reported,
either ho Is voicing his inner convit--
Uons or he is playing to his audience
lu either caso ho stands coniloinuod
unequivocally by his words. Take the
matter of temperance first. He says
tbat those who favor teraperaneo are
Uolabevlsts. ilia Inference is tbat
tboy uro therefore opposed to the In-
temte of th« Kmpire. The converse
la that those who favor .the booxe re»
glmo are not Bolnho* lata, and are
therefore tbo Empire's best frlendn.
Now we understand fall well thai Tom
Moore owea his election to tba Qu*-
bee d«l*Rates, and that It la Quebec
that at tbo present time Is loud in Ua
demands for a tonttnuanco of th.* wet
regime. Wo understand this folt well;
hot doe* Tom Moore tell m seriously
tkat be believes thai vjuob-w li free
•r.ii. »5il.«,i»v'tm and la tlw mmt Iwnl
part of tho empire? bwsly be ta *k-
Ire when b* nrpnen thna.
'Moreover, In aptte ot h's outspoken
defence of tbe wet retime me Imp hi
remind Un Umm. the €on*ivw dtd not
go ea record aa oppoaed to pmhlut-
tion bat merely reglstewd • deraard
for a f!*et«r p-ttwrntngo ir. th* alo
hollo beverages allowed ender tho dry
acta. And thit ia a thing very different from a demand for the repeal of
prohibition. Moreover the circular he
aottt V* thn taenia did not touch tke
mattor of prohibition, bnt followed np
the action ef tho •onfwnint^ In Ita do-
mand for atongor bear Tom Moore
known fa!t **tl that flow thinking la
the w*j*ktrn tmt ttm I ami tha bo«**«
wont enemy,   tto httowi that robrt-
enemy that organized labor has- -that
it is the fault of some Bolshevist workers that there is troublo between tho
worker and thjfe capitalist. And he
caps it all with' the assertion that labor would starve if it were not for tbe
capitalist. No wondsr he was the,
guest of honor. No wonder ho got an;
ovation. But we venture to asserc
that the Labor Leader who can win
ovations from. the capitalists at this
hour is a bitter enemy of labor Tell
the householder to co-oporate with tbe
hou3e-breakjir:_l^eiL^l6ium-to--e^
Western Workers Tired of
Americah Federation
of Labor
B. C* Government Jo Investigate Coal Creek Disaster
of Ihe Fifth of April
(Special to The District Ledger)
CALGARY, Alta., (March IH.—By unanimous vote, followed.by deafening
applause, tho two hundred and forty-
seven delegates to the Western Conference of Labor, passed a resolution
recommending severance of tbe workers from the present affiliations with
the American Federation of Labor. A
referendum is to be taken all over
Canada.
-  ■    \      ■ •       i    *
Upon getting down to business ano
as a basis for tho work of the conference, the *, following resolution was
passed after a very short debate and
with practically no opposition:
"That the aims of labo.* as represented at this convent'on are for
the abolition of the present system
of production for profit, and the substituting therefore of production fo*-
use, and that a system of propaganda to this end be carried out." y
Dave Rees sprung a sensation in
the afternoon by declaring that Bob
iGosdon, who bad recently visited Fernie under the alias of Smith, and who
under the name of Brown, tried to tion by industry and not as at pres-
get credentials from Hilcrest Local,
was in the balcony. Rees pointed out
tho dangerous character of the man as
an agent provocateur and other delegates -told of his attempts to incite
workers to &>botage, so that discredit
i
would be bn/ught upon organized labor. A motion to eject Gosdon from
the balcony was rejected after Delegate Pritchard had given a short talk
declaring that the workers had nothing to hide.
WINNIPEG, March 9.—At a meeting of the trades and labor council
this evening for the purpose of Instructing the delegates from the council and the various unions in regard
to the business likely to -come before
tbe western labor convention, which
opens at Calgary next Thursday, it
was unanimously decided to strongly
advocate a six-hour day and a five-day
week or a 30-hour week. Another resolution adopted was one which failed
at the Canadian labor convention held
last summer at Quebec for organUa-
ent by craft. It is expected that over
50 Winnipeg labor representatives v.;ill
participate in the western labor j-arli-
ament.
/
THE REPTILE OF THE
TWENTIETH CENTURY
operate with Germany; Tell the ravished maiden to co-operate with her
ravisher. Such insane balderdash
from the President of the Pqminkm
Trades Congress Alls the soul of every ,
true friend of labor witb Indignation. \
That Quebec Congress that olecied
Tom Moore to the'presidency will not
be forgotten for many it day. Tbo rumored circular in liis favor that proceeded the convention: Th& threats
of the craft to which he belonged:
Tbe sinister inttuence of Paddy Draper, tho henchman of the Dominion
'Government, and his relationship wltj
Quebec. These, and some other features wo do not caro to men tion, maS<c j
tho whole mattor team twlili suspicion,
Tbe solid opposition of tho Western
delegates to Tom iMoore's eloctibtt is s
tremendously significant fillet lu view
Just why the Lord ever made a
"spotter" has been puzzling the brain
ot" the average man for a considerable
period. The word conveys everything
that ls mean, sickening and loathsome.
Unfortunately Fernie and other towns
along the Crow have not been without
them. The disgusting part of their
"business" is that they -must' "get
something" on someone, whether or
not that someone has anything to
"get." Cases are on record where men
of unquestioned integrity have been
discharged through the work of theso
thugs of the creeping, crawling, slimy,
reptile-like beings that some people
call human. Cranbrook has had its
fill of this element. It is to tie.hoped
tkat Fernie will not tolerate the presence of "spotters" in their midst any
longer than the good old town of
Moyie which in its palmy days, held
the record for quick action. It is said
Moyie lake was the burying ground,
the only regret of the miners of that
town being that the lake was not deep
enough. Th© epitaph which marked
the graves of Chinese and 'spotters'
generally was: "It's a pity the devil
didn't take him when his bones were
soft."
Fernie Sporting
Notes
IT TAKES THE IRI8H
TO BEAT THE DUTCH
Our red-headed Irish friend, Jerry
Wilson, played the game of his life
and had the crowd on their toes, more
than once with his end to ami rushes.
Timothy Dickon'started th*1 coring'
for the 'Irish' team and was-jr..** -«f lite
best forwards on the ice. Dickon if
a good shot vneii near soal
(Special lo The District Ledger)
CALGARY, Alta.—Following' the
passing of a resolution introduced by
W. B. Phillips, of Gladstone Local Union, Fernie B.C., the Federation of
Labor sent this telegram:—
"Premier John Oliver,
Victoria, iB. C.
"British Columbia Federation of
Labor in convention assembled demands an enquiry into the disaster
at Number Three Mine, Coal Creek,
on April 5tb, 1916; also further enquiry into the cage accident at Na
naimo  last year.    Convention  has
rtpi>."
(Signedi     A   S   Wellls.
Within a. few hours 'An following reply was received:--
"Government   is   willing   to   hold
requested enquiry at an early dato."
(Signed) John Oliver
The convention decided to ask that
a representative of labor be present
at the enquiry. The prompt response,
to tho telegraphic demand is that it
indicates that the change of policy of
tho B.C. Federation of Labor has made
an impression on the government.
How Willingly (?) Canadian
Soldiers Left The Coast
For Fighting In
Siberia
It must be remembered that Canadian troops are still in Siberia ready
to kill and be killed when tho spring
campaign against the Russians is
resumed. A rigid censorship prevented anything being said about the protest our Canadian coys pui Ui» against
being forced to go and help protect
Standard Oil.  InlticnnlLmnl-JLJagttftstog.
FERNIE TO HAVE A
SWIMMING POOL
Tho F.A.A.C aro getting plans and
figures for constructing a swimming
pool In Fernie. This i.« a long f«>H
want for the people of Fernie. Tlio
plans aro to bo put before tlu* committee on Friday night and if proven ok.
iho P.A.A.C. will star: a big drive for
boys start their drive for onoiwh money to put in a swimming pool, thn puo
pie of our fair city will all be asked
to help no matter what you Kiv*«, little
or big, It will nil help and the F.A.A.r.
feel »ur» that the pooplo will dig down
and help in (4ticli o -good ram«\
The Irish teafn picked by "Domiulck
Anderson," won from the Dutch team.
picked by "Dutch" Scott to tho tune
    of S—\,   Tbls wan by far the best ex-
of ihis banquet ro-operatlon' speech. jhlbUlon of hockey this season.   With
Wo venture to say that tho WV-aternin crowd of r.00 people crowding tl.*e
Convention, to meet within :ho next j rink,  and 'everybody   boosting   thoir, . ,,..„., ,
two weeks would give a warm wel, teams.   Tlio Iridh won thu tlrst game'J*" »«*"■«?>' funds to build the pool
come to Tom i.Moore, and in addition ;«f a seri-jn of three games  for the|,"Vs 'f t'l , ^ ,,./?""'       *     J'f
wo   venture   tho statement   that   ho! Orner Cup.   It Is a hard proposition
would not get away with his capital- to pick tbo Mars of the evening, nn
Istlc philosophy. } all the players came lit for thoir ehare,
(The  "Dutch" *t«rt<Hl  out  strong In
At tho vory tiuw ibut the Canadian, the first period nnd took tho lead by
manufacturers'   association   applaud* two goals; Scott woring one ami Bol-
Tom   Moore's   talk   on    M-oporatinn l<r» Krorinp: the other.
they ar« planning their great oduca-i
Uonal caiiipalum for a hlgimr UrM. j 11»'* **rJ«i> tame right back in the
They are flooding the couuirv with it. second spasm, scoring two goals-
Kvery editor is debited with ihelr in- llol"« th« «n™' »>Men n**d b'ff Com
fernal selfish propaganda Tlu-y have \ mons, both beat Cameron for n count-
also one of th* most highly paid wo> i **■" e»*b. hnt could not hold the lead for
men In the Dominion awmed jo swing lonit, Scott got awny for a good rush
tlio women over to their fide. We ami -cured; putting "Dutch" In tlw
most nil buy made In Canndt goods-- »«*» 1>K 3-1 '*'*»«' »•» »« w»»ere
for<he good of tho worker, yon know. IftAjHiX^dl    »' filmw *« '» ,h" *«m9 for aU
Iti ^t,m JEfiBfcJ   tJiSi iJSS «her» «M in It and «r!H to beat iho
!.« '.IT. ^*Z  £i»2  wt   lifh Irtah: but. «ft*r all, yon »r« up ngalnM
up  again:   score   being  3—s,   wnn     k__j •„» ,„ ,%„ i,uw
both team* working tbelr head. o(t i«r j" h**1 M *n xi* Mtl>.
the lend. i    ,*,    .. „ .   i i ■   .     <
thtlr o«» ooMi*.    VTW« th*) »<ri ■     lValc"  <-««*w* *^*"» ^ -^
and United States Steel Trust property in Ru-iH-a .A Uuier which
we reproduce from tbo Toronto
Telegram and which was written
by an officer, and posted from Tokio
on January 11, will throw considerable light on the happenings at that
time, and the attitude of the men, who
were being taken to Russia to crush
out the rising democracy in that country:
"Great diitkulty was experienced
in getting troops on board, this feat
only being accomplished by using tho
drastic, means described in the tetter,
which reads in part: —
" 'Yesterday morning (Saturday,
December Jil) we turned out a-t reveille, 5 a.m., and turned in till our
Thu LumberJtK'ks and the Cubsf«win> equipment at quartermasters'
played off their tie; tlio Lumberjacks ! Mores. Wo breakfasted at 0 a.m.. and
winning by a close margin of «•—5 I marched out of camp ut 7:30 a.m., for
jit wus anybody's game up until thej iho wharf, a distant, of four and a
'last period, when tlw Lumberjatika "•■ulf mile.). When we got half way tbo
scored tbo last goal of the gamo,! -tin! i-tinn* from tbo roar to halt, so
br-uaktiig  «i> a  lie game.    Tbls  win j w«  stopped   for  about   ton   minutes.
Baker has a world of .speed bul falls
i down when it comes to shooting.
gives  tin;' Lumberjacks second  placo
in (hi; Kenik* City League,
Tbey have their political campaign al
randy on the map. They nre at thin
moment pouring out HU wat»r tho
money they have wrun* from iho *li.-
ew* of the workers (o odncnte tbem to
Captain DomlnUk Ai. tento i, nf the
Ir.^h' team .it one of tb.j tleanfi1*
|«..t*k*.*y playfr* xliei ever handle: .»{
H< iM«y nil .;    Ills playing on Tum.|i>'
nli.li v ns ne-: >i *t to imiii) on tin I .•
Tho game oa 'Monday night pruni-
ise.s to bn a n*ai good game nntl the
jtnns iT.ri count on snetng one t.f <:ln-
b«'Kt gaines of hoekciy that bnn been
pltxyH in Fernie for the pmt four
years.   Ibis game is one of ibo two
Then the commanding olfleer blew Wn
whistle as a signal for everyone lo ro-
suiiK) hix placti in iho column, und wo
Jump«'*l Into our places waiting for tho
further signal to advance, wbkb muh
au unusually long time In coming.
Wouldn't Fall In
"•\\'r. rnuld not net* the r«'nt of tfia*
ciitumii, at* wo had turn-id a «irnvr ot
gauHM for :h*J Orner Cup; tb«ro will J thu road- and a few miuuteH inter a
bo two ganu'i* play<d and tb«> team j Aw. rsm; out, hut -^till ■*** walt^l till
getting tho UHwt goals In both games-i j eventually we received word to r*<-
will bt* h;<ii(li il Iht-t Hllvt-rwan-. ! __„__—____„_________„_
sume the march. , In the meantime it
appears   that our gallant or  a
number of them, had absolutely refused to fail in again when the signal
blew, or go down to the boat at all. So
tben the colonel drew his revolver
and fired a skat over their hmds-~in
the   main   street  of   Victoria—whon
senierfljQffr got urto line, tnoffglf" there
were still a large number who would
not, so the other two companies from
Ontario were ordered to take off their
belts and whip the the other devils
iuto line, and they did it with a will,
and wo proceeded.
"Guard of Honor"
"'While all this was hapenlng tho
general staff. car was flying round
with good erfect, so that art*r marching another half mllo we -camo to a
"guard of honor" (50 "m*n in doso
formation, with rifles and iixed bayonets on either sido of the road) who
presented artiiB4n tho approved fashion to U8~ Kcoiits, bugle band and tho
Toronto company■—-but aH suun as tb-s
othor company was just niroly oo-
tween them the order was guen lu
tho guard to "Outwards turn," wtlh
thcres'ult that this .company continued lh** inarch virtually at tho point
ui the bayonet, they being tar unirt
closely guarded than any body of G.:r- •
man prisoner* I havo ever neen. and %.
they were held under nriw-'d gu ird
tilt wo actually pulled out to mea. aud
fevon ow a dn-xon of the ringbadorK
am iu thw «««Hii—th»i two worxe "unl-
cuffed together   awaiting trial.
"' W«; arrlvt'd «t the uharf .it it
a.m, but found that tht- bmit wan not
yet docked. ?o waited till she ramo In.
exactly IS houra later, and irommtncod
to embark at"lO:yo p.m. It wa» :» a.io-.
b^foni everything was on. and al atxnil
& a.m. we started off.' "*.
TWENTY VKARS
wm on It was Imposilblo to change|   "ftttoh" Olovor broke the He with a!off and put all he bad In tho game.
tire method.   Always th* advice la n,c® **al trom th* ,M# ihttt Mlk* *-'«•'! nut we will have to ask the MF.* M
wait! wait! Wall- while th«y rob
•onto more. Wait—till th«; twlat the
thongs a little tighter. ThU Is tho
patriotic bunch of paranlt** tbat battened on tho blood of wldo*i and children while the aoldlen fought f»* fr»e-
dom. Thia la tho bunch tkat su'd tbo
loldleni shoddy ahooa to encoutago
rboumatlsm and trenrh fever Thia
U the bunch thnt supplied to the nol-
dl*r» rtllm that Jammod in acliott,
Thl* it
The Irish team will start out Mon-
ton didn't e»«n am until tudged In*railway oitiiiala lo tiupply aa engine
tho nete and with a acoro of 4~Sjio »ho»* the bo»<«r« from Coal Creek
agalnat tho Irish, tho second period j neit time, ("ommona Bndt that a box t
ended. tear with a Bai -mho*! I* a har«t thing *»«y night  wi*h the twttiitit  *l t»i «
tn.. thi^i ~*nt~i ... .« M.h t^Jto mt>v* mt a slippery r-ll at rtwi TWr win on Tnwday surprised all
ine [•ew oh, n wns mmmy io awe i»«i iae • „_ i.»,i ut (<mi t'-m.h *v,im m.t.t
Irish wo» In th* pink of condition, *• to- "' iml KTmU- N m **M
Paddy llantford, ond Jerrf Wilson. Uk-     „ 1M     ~"""T".1w. *.,  .,.
Ing   tho   pnek   through   the   entlro1    tUmr  »Wgga  and   IJutch'  tllmer
(Hitch team for th« pr»ttl*»t play of :«urit4 In to wli ihJnca. but didn
the ev«iing and »rorfn» * fourth tmVm* *** *• <*• mttrm put th*t» «i
-- : a*..*.  P.-*.* I* u.   turn  mn-..   tan^rttiltntt   aniot-wn       Tnt*
1'addy llamford maya he i* going to ._   m       m......
play a better game on Monday night. l°' •"" N<»r,»8»
l»addie wa» one of tho bright warn In Flveof the leading men in tne Ameri
ht»t 1utsMl»>'» game and il b« u»vet» l(*«n rtonalist iHirty have b:?«<n M*n-
a* taut on Monday night, ih-< iriab' t*>nce<t to twenty >i»arK In ih<< .awn-
.Uiif"******* w»IS umi U**** <**t wuJi> -ti«|Morib IVniu-niiar. ih« charg*
to who will win the game. iNgairmt   the  live  wai*  ranxplracy  to
t«r»»'i« a ir.nMny, inxtitmnllnfiiton and
r»»fii*al of duty, and obnlruction of re
Iudg«» UmdlM lmpo«ed the i-»vage po»
alt > upon th««e live men. Bwry 8o-
< iallH'- In th;> workl Ih ti<iund until thi*
live are ftw.
Ll-phknipcht, for hith tr«js«n. waa
«»nt to priKim lor nl% j.<»,irK
The l#»nder« nf ttin tt.itinti Sof lallwt
l*an,v for "di|in»ts«mg the morale of
Ibtt Italian people" rccetvwl two and
itr-f-<» y«ar «**n'fi< e*
l^tgland and iFrance, for -similar of>
ftitsftt, fMin-notl men and women for
eroding and enll«:niHit
THi;m< Avo mirn aro ffoetollata.  Tb#*>'IX" ia^thK."a ycaur. rigbtM* month.
ixmud m In Court and lold why.  Th^j |lind ,„ , f„w .„,„. to n* much «a «vw
arm nppoited u> capitalUt e«ploltatioii
] Tbey «aid m* and told why Tbey
i want to rmtahlloh a new «rd*r of »orl-
• ty-an order In which wurkcrs tball
yearn Tb«- t"tilf«»t «tatc« It wlthottt
a |m«< r in the fury with which the Ml
t>r» hn*i< attimpu-d to pti'.nh that
iwrion of the minority wt«b d«r»»*
the Nnchjhat mad» mMHoiHI^JVii'15*.™Vm^tbin^mVmai^ ttttrr for flv,. mlnnte* each.   Tfto
for a dollar ten • day. Ut Too Moow J \Z rohtJ* J.t etm^L tm toot I *»•» I** «*«*» »-■«. L*!! *»N to hoM
nxtpernt* with th«m If he will.   I#t ,„,ri,?),f gmill ,„ uhmt ,„,„„ mlentm   anvono'a fwlln««     tloth thote boyn
•book tnnda fn ttw dtwsttng room and
an* the h**.i t.f fri#-»d« again.
Ilml.mtltn     ,--t      -*...*.,.,,_.. . ..* ,t      ........       .-' ; ;|
[laying an rtmrmte baml* for an inl-tr-1 t-wonty
Huitli»nal lirofh«rbiM>d bv iinlfin* tb<* "• \y \%j
few take* t&*Mt »rf *^ **,*T'I"S1',!TiUt ihtm mi9* %tm **i ,Ste* %lm ,ai   Tb» team* »»• np a» f.41oa»
manor tnd throw« all th* otliht of rt#lr mmn. emtent and to hia.   All
JI!!---.«— mhi«k troly i twt notb
we warn to aay la we will nerwr ro*
operate wtt'i ihent. Wit i*lll opi»o*»»»
Tom .Moor* and lb* t'*tt*tHa,t Mana-
nifliirers* Aannt'lntltn, and ib«» hy«-
t*n» wndor whtek thoy otplolt ih*»Roger Rtg«a: httt wing, l-amrt t*om
!rUh   ««•!.   mtrn   C*Htm;   Point,
Ikiminlek Ande-roon; Towr i»lnf, Jfer-
wtth'tSoio *h«» *™?' Mm" m
•id« «f mwddM tblttklu*.
im, W; l« the oMwr n»il«M«mj«I
■wm br tlw ankli In tb* Htar tmt,
*w**i m* ,.»«,.. rt ** Tiwt lt*»nre l«.f»i^.»i^# t***ttatnti*l*atiitti »«4 **t t-ht* tttmm
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m-mmmm-tt*   ***9**<*eikm oni*i •* pnitmb. ,fw   eoywrtiimt,mnbi**e,1ter*t
Irafeir:  -Twrtto. tftftfko:  Rlnht wtot,
■jf;«s4»; Inti uteuiu C. C*«*iwi**«i*.
Iter ItatKttd wa« more lb in trikNut-Hl
fn xxriXm^., Un*.i.. tiiut.tiu "tt«,«r,*,|. with ttw b«ekf>' mat«b a«Kl ***• mmt*,
rraHw^LiHtJ-rHehM*moSR wW ito **.** in «h# wld4t« of an«b a g«»d
S'™!?}^'2Sl!!!!!''i|im a»t tlw t«V. num miamnl that
! tok* In tb# grand atand after th* *«*; :ot
tWf 0««M WOMKIW« WIN
TMl tlCMT HOUR OAV
rtTOt'KHOLMv S\n"il*ii     Hi<   -<ril«.-
iho   Mwrnlbh   railroad   wi.r^rr-
year*.    Tb«  lender*  of  th«
|w«rk^r» nf %ti*  mom  m «  'wmii.011;^,,,^ t'lfj^,^;,,^
,rt*i9*t\.  i,t i-iWMiM't'iii 'tta**, ■nan" to trf-nvcn-jwr h ' r •*».«
1    IVtafK Ib* war tboao men w*n m*\*"^H "tv ^Z    Li , lm
j ^^STwnr tb,y b-H ««. ..».. ■ ^ '« ^ m'^ '^' W"< '' '■ •»'
lupliiiitiit   ami    rniiHiiil.il    In    i»*ipri»(i«.
jitwra.' _ t'
. 'iMr'19   fn ■*
"*  ,, n -     *,,
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h* waa lri«h
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m* M-rtkerw.  *i'ht> etgfet-bowr *t*y •»•»
\tte**4
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ti*t*. * IWMWK I-l
tht«   antrtf   ni>ni*nr*'*   m,*rtiy
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A* JitHiWkWk* It**'? WWtw UMtl »»wt •*»»»,ltnr Ha-«* 1.1 «ti»» t>l.n
•ill* I*.
ViU.OWMlA0IIWtCI.OTtJ
ANO PLANT It ttmO MOVtO
T«dtowbe«d mino ta tming -ttwnplete-
ly elaaed iotm, Tbo comtany baa do>
cfdoi tbat tt ta on w«g«wgi«bla ven-
torn -oot nm moving Om baidmg4
•ad nil tbo ytaat to a onw mto* thtm
livttui* dte'ane, «f  rmhrm*    At.  tb»
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abow* latt yt«r» norpbm Am lamped
to W3tA,m. Tbt nortHoa tn Itit wna
tt,mj»m.
rnttled order, m band tbo flm «f
tb* ttot amonated to I'XOMftto. aad
ot tfaa IS pt co«t wna lw tbo ori
rim hum -m'.h ".» ibvi* W-n   VIM
told nnd Mr f«b*#>« for paming tbe
bat.    Tb* «d»**H!*wn waa *»fy' good;:
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ra«mfwii.^*»^^l^Mw JfJ^Tirft g»*e« at tlt«« eaeb w«i! gir#» P^ObtCWftOfl APAHOOm%P
"*** tm4' IP HOtMtR LIQUOR CAif
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up. ww ra. tgt tbem all f    ^m cmm^
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tartm ' "tt'trv **'tnm\-*m *m4 tun-** * ■*» ,, ,. , ... ,*. .. . -t%
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i»t« and wt»r>d bri»lborbo>K>l •-■*.« ««i«-jhW| itfmr *y*»>*r«*    Wilt
tbe acta for tbo
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pml ** bat* a#*n tbli wlntw.   "A*
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f*-*1   W-AJW-
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MOPITb III TO1ACC0
MINER* fiOeK TO UNION
-%«
'f^ Wp>AWAAjmm !■ mm% WAmtmmfgA- W -UPVwn
fit tin* i»nnoml npvti of tH* M*£#U fi
men 'Jl*-. PM, ttt.
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wa* bead V* m   tf* tmin*4t*,*ty np!
■(»r»*W.-»   ns  t*i»  tttrtti^   »*»»   *!»*»«  WW* ■
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tbe potb
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'   J>»»l,  ■» -Jtb*J(   Mf'M?%f dW.lit**-
b,YV*'
t, h*,.- tut! -»' "■i:-*   tlm-i In hu pt**
_„,.._ « _ _. fc  _ * h«« ** t« b« a big gAtnt Monday Night when
*a"\u*lJ'mm*^0r *** Shamrocks collide with the Argot.    Thete teami
tlw atCt-wot-. m  tk* pmhrr wad «*.**»»--t-w ..^^ ^..^       **.*.*% *. " *«««■»
»hf» 'h» f'-map w *ntf.w-Ht ;*"B to play two games ror the Orner Cup.   Total goals •
to count   The team« are composed of the best hockey
  _ P^P of Fcrntc *\nd t&c *km\\i* ^toutib«N to be a ring tail *
tw tN h*wt* .md m mmlmnaif of t^j   Wrm wp*m*9 an a ban* ot *f**4; wn*\n'*wr «h* h*r4**i w*n*r *m iv ^f!1(;r, ,„ patwrmi bwrft nf m* Hti* ; «WOrter SO keep Wfonif«f ftffttlt Opetl fcf th« bie KAmm   *
^ M«tch aUrttat« o clock sharp.    A collect!^ will bt,
taken at the door   Go to it or youll surely rue it       \
■%m*
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rt.*
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«.,.--
PAGE TWO
FERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
The Calgary Convention
FOURTH DAY
A
y *
IL
Ir
fin^rr*
V
|vf'
»-4
4
(Continued from last week)
August 12th, 1918.
J. B. McLachlan, Esq., Secretary-Treasurer Amalgamated Mine Workors of Nova Scotia, Glace Bay, C.B.
Dear Sir:
I am in receipt of your letter of the 29 th ult., in which you intimate that there exists a desire on the part of the employees of the
Dominion Coal Company to become associated with the United Mine
Workers of America.
The fact that you have approached me on this matter is proof
of the existence of cordial relations between the employees and the
company and of a desire for co-operation. I appreciate very highly
your courtesy in first placing this matter before me.
The existence of these pleasant relations is to my mind one of
the strongest reasons for avoiding the adoption of any course which
might disturb the same at this time, and, having in mind the war
and the strenuous days through which we are passing, my feeling is
that questions such as the one referred to in your letter should not
be opened up at the present time, and I am sure that on reflection
your views will coincide with my own on this point.
Thanking you for your letter, I am, yours very truly,
(Signed) MARK WORKMAN, President.
Glace Bay, C.B., Aug. 30, 1918.
Mr. Mark Workman, President Dominion Coal Company, Sydney, N.S.
Dear Sir:
Your letter of August 12th was read to and considered carefully
by the Executive Board of this Union yesterday,* and I am instructed
to say that this Board fully appreciates the friendly relations that
exists between your company and its employees and is very desirous
that these relations should not only continue but be strengthened.
Where misunderstandings exist, the time to clear them up with the
very best chance of success is while friendly relations prevail.
Whether this Board likes it or not, the nine thousand miners
which we represent will go over to the United Mine Workers of
America. If this Board will not make arrangements for the men
going over, then § is as plain as daylight that a new Board will.
The Officers of this Union are continually criticised in every
Local Union meeting they attend, because of our indecision in the
matter. Under these circumstances we feel that now is the time for
you to meet some responsible Officer of the United Mine Workers
of America and perhaps two members of this Executive Board, in
order to clear up any misunderstanding that exists. I am sure that
such a meeting would allow of all of us getting each other's viewpoint more clearly and could only result in a better understanding
all round, besides strengthen those relations, which none of us, I am
sure, want to see interrupted.
Hoping to hear from you again, I am, yours very truly,
(Signed) J. B. McLACHLAN.
After these letters had been sent to Ottawa I had the following
reply from Mark Workman:
Office of the President,
Sydney, N.S., Oct. lst, 1918.
Mr. J. B. McLachlan, Secretary-Treasurer Amalgamated Mine Workers of Nova Scotia, Glace Bay, C.B. , * v
Wear Sir:
Your letter of the 30th of August was received during my ab-
_sence from the city, and it is only now that I have been able to over-
pla-rc-
J, It
i
Urn..
tlijii,
take my arrears of correspondence sufficiently to permit »to my replying to your letter.
Allow me to say, firstly* that I appreciate the courteous tone of
your letter and the friendly spirit in which you have approached this
matter. It is needless for me to state that it is my earnest desire to
at all times maintain and encourage this spirit of mutual regard and
co-operation.
I may say Lhat I have had a communication from Senator Robertson in regard to the matter, and I understand that ho is communicating with tho Presidents of th'e other coal companies in Nova Scotia
on this subject,
I shall be glad to communicate with you later. Yours very truly,
(Signed)'MARK WORKMAN, President.
After some further correspondence with Ottawa in connection
with this question the following letter was received from Hon. G. D.
Robertson and resulted in the exchange of the telegrams given below:
Ottawa, Ont., Oct. 26th, 1918.
Mr. J. B. McLachlan, Secretary Amalgamated Mine Workers of Nova
Scotia, Glace Bay, N.S.
Dear Sir:
Referring to your letter of the 22nd inst., addressed to Mr, Gerald
H. Brown, Secretary of the Labor Sub-Committee of tho Reconstruction and Development Committee of the Cabinet, wliich hus beon referred to the undersigned for attention.
Following*iT(">ipt of your fovmer letter relating to the same mib-
jeet I took thi? matter up with the two big conl operators In Nova
Scolia with a view of bringing about a conference as between Mr.
Hayes, President of thc U.M.W. of A. and Nova Scotia operators.
If it seems necessary that such a conference mhould be held in
the early future ond you think it would assist in Halving this vexed
question iu Novu Scotia I will be glad to undeuvuui' to bring about
such sx conference. If it in the intention that Mr. Hayes should attend
your Convention referred to it might tie possible to arrange for tho
employee* to di»cunn this question with him prior to your Convention
date.
If time is an essential feature you might wire me your reply, at
r.v.'   "■jpciv***1,    Ynv.iiv '■'•"•v ♦'•'.'!;.',
(Signed) G. D. ROBKKTSON.
Glace Ray. Oct. 29th, 1918.
I Iun. 0. D. Rob-crtnon, Ottawa:
l.i Iter of October 2<Jth received.   Men of hnvlng Pranl: J. Haye*
am-\ jinncipal caa! operators excellent; auch meeting eannot tnko
t«n irrly.   Onr Convention meets November 1-tth.
(SlKWd) J. II. McLACHLAN.
Ottawa, Ont., Nov. Oth, 101K.
M<l,aebliin. t\l»*e I'.i.v, C.H.!
1 nm ".irry i >.,r.- mnn-nUTp'Heil your former wire,    Jieli.-ve the
u*n*>, :-.!...i-l u. ;.. ui-'.'e tt eoniVi-ftwe before -.bi'.i? of ym-r Cutivcn-
11.,..* r(i.»Viri ; , |).i.t of the ofMrntfi.f* aiT<M<d and ,it*t< .'.'and
they wubl have no objection to such a rnnfcwwe Mng held In New*
Y-.jl- i\,i: .*■*..* •_;,.* £*■,■■!>. •!* • ,:**t\ ,->f {tit* prftsfnl month W'H ynw
kin-!!,' :..*■''> r':',t'»"; " m>. '.prang* ■" "t't f«r a eontert'ttre about the end ttt
Noverelier would * •» acceptable and eranvenlent for Mr. Hayes,
(^xmiit^h !». ItonKUT.S-ON.
, Aettnir Minister of l.nbwir.
Ware lltiy, CJl., Sov. tilb, UMH.
Frank ,J. Hajv,-*., iWidcn! I'.M.W. of A., IndianapoH*:
t..it;,-ii   ^1*4    i'f. *,   ,t* **'.' .!■«.*.   -V-u»0,    *.**|*   ■'.,*..'■'*.        ■"     .*•*-*'.,*-    ....I.,  ..   ,.      ■■-
i-l.l-li'l
iySlni
.'n't tx,,
\\\*i)r
>**4 five v«m» nny
li-kitiU «'•<*.' I-i.;* IStt'ivli 1»> lb«'
"" .'■",•*':»"'.'■■'■■■ -''f "l'.-' t'-v*** «"'*<:t*t4 tiw
information vou m'jtht renpifre.
ii'Ahi'M .1. n. M<'t.Anil..»\\
{-".dmnaiw!?". l'*d . N»v. Tib, inn,
.1. ft. Mkf.ivi'.'nn. .*«f'y. \ M.Y., <1W ttay, <" It.-
Pcfanse of Western I'rir-.forfn** at-h-ril'-d**) tt*r *b^ end of S*iv"'",t-
b*r it will |*.«*-b»bly be iinfwwiWe for me. to pe*'.**.*.K»!iy lv in !v w
York Pt tt»»l time,   lfowwr, I 'hav* arranj-ed tor lnu-reation»»
• i   .      .    it    tr     * .   >       •     *       ,*. • ■•• *-,»■'*.*•■
>!u. *, « mt,  ■> .«"•' «' *  *•• *       -■ '■
Y*vr'< mtrntt tW mt) of Nev-r-wt-^r to v*rt\ v ith pricipa" roa! «fx-'rsw,r*
ni Now* Itwtia and rff»re««-nk»uve» **i *,*>*** V**'».** ."«» .* *l......   ......
fen*** tm tWn ft««»l *«bj*rt »*atf.*er. i'ltmm o4vim met exnrt -date
mt tht mnilttK m Srm T*rk ami I «<« wit-hoot farther ndn nsrxnr*
ter th* r*p'*f**ti*.t.lom, uith full authoritv *.i, act.
<S;imed) rRANK J. HAVE!?. TresMent.
<t!fi,fi* V,*", C it..
Ho*, ti. P. R^WfiW), MrwitT of tmhtr, tmrnw*-.
f tmm tuAm* frmb I. Hny*# to m**4 «fw»t«« In So.-: ▼•■.**.
He trpiPA m ttUnmt:
t. A. MtUrWon, §mfp. AM.W* tSlom Bay, CR.:
Because of Western Conference scheduled for the end of
November it will probably be impossible for me personalis
to be in New York at that time.   However, I hare arranged\
for International Statstician Robert H. Harlin and other rep-'
resentatives to be in New York about the end of November
to meet with principal coal operators of Nova Scotia and
representatives of your Union for a definite conference on
this general subject matter.   Please advise me exact date of
thl meeting in New York and I will without further ado arrange for this representation, with full authority to act.
Kindly ask operators to name date and place of meeting and
let me know.
(Signed) FRANK J. HAYES, President.
Such is the brief history of our efforts to bring about our entrance into the U.M.W. of A. up to the time this reponfc was written.
These efforts shall be continued and, it is our hope, crowned with
success in the very near future, withdtit the loss of dhe ton of coal
or the spending of one dollar on strike pay. ^
(Signed) J. B. McLACHLAN.
On motion it was agreed that when this Union goes over into
the U.M.W. of A. a section be placed in the wage agreement covering
the shippers and trimmers.
MOVED that the Secretary wire Senator Robertson demanding
that he arrange a conference Svith the representatives of Frank J.
Hayes and the coal operators,
CARRIED.
MOVED, seconded and carried that the Secretary write the tele-
" gram now and read it to the Convention before sending it away.
MOVED, seconded and carried that the Executive be instructed
to go on with the negotiations between the operators and the U.M.W.
of A. and if it fall through that they still keep on with the work.
Following the presentation of the foregoing Editor Lawson addressed the Convention, stating that in reading the communication
after the Convention concluded at thc previous session, he had done
so in ordor to acquaint them with the present situation in Nova
Scotia, in view of its great importance and that the noxt forty-eight
hours might be the most critical period in the coal miners' movement in Canada. A further debate followed, but on regular motion
it was decided to refer the matter back to the committee.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 28, submitted by Rosedale'.
Local No. 2817: '
Whereas it has become apparent to all that the Commission to Direct Coal Operations of this Province is detrimental
to the best interest of District 18, on account of their methods
of procrastination and unwise decisions;
And whereas many of the Coal Operators have absolutely
refused to abide by their decisions, to the detrimental of the
coal mining industry in general;
Therefore be it resolved that from now on the United
Mine Workers of America of District 18 refuse to consider
their existence as a determining factor, in any disputes that
may henceforth occur.
•   REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We non-concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption. :
Delegate Susnar, as member of the Resolutions Committee, <jues-
tioned,the Chairman as to this recommendation, contending that the
decision in committee had not be«~ »an-concurrence, but had been to
defer the matter until it would be dealt with when the report of the
Committee on Officers' reports was under consideration.
MOVED McNab—Berford:    THAT the recommendation of the
committee be tabled.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 27, submitted by Delegate
——-^^eP^bertSr-Taber-Loeal-No«-1024-—::* "■*' t-—"   -'   '   ——
v Whereas the present standard of beer known as 2 Per Cent.,
;• is not a palatable or a nutritious beverage, and as the workers
feel that a more substantial beverage is healthful and not
injurious;
Therefore be it resolved that we prevail upon the Dominion
Government to allow the manufacture of beer containing alcohol
to the amount of 2% per cent by weight.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We non-concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
Delegate Eastham spoke at considerable length as being opposed
to this resolution, as did Delegate Payne. Delegates Dairfs, McRoberts and Susnar addressed the Convention, urging the support of
same, and the matter was still being debated when adjournment was
taken at 12 o'clock until 1.30 p.m.
AFTERNOON SESSION
President Biggs cdnvened tbe Convention at 1.3S p.m. and a
perfect attendance was recorded on the roll call. Discussion was
resumed on the recommendation of the Committee re Resolution No.
27. Delegate* Costello, Eastham, Beard, Cacchioni, McNab, Marteola,
Peacock, Borford, Kent and V. P. Elect A. McFegan under special
privilege. °
On a vivo voco vote tho Chair declared the recommendation
of the Committee, which was non-concurrence in tho resolution, to bo
CARRIED.
Thore was an Immediate demand by several of the Delegate! for
a roll call which the Chair ordered to bo taken.
Roll Call Voto.
No. of
Name of Looil toelegaina Vftte* Kor Ag»t
2314   Fornle  Wm. Potter    3    3..
3314   Fornlo  '_ .Wm. Dickenson     3   _.     3
Michel H. Beard  .....:.,    4   ..     4
Corbin T.  Hag wall   -—   I
Local
No.
2334
2»87
itVVA   Coloman
 J, Jobnaton  3
431   Bellevue -R. Ecclenlon   4
21C3   Blairmore Hod McDonald  3
1058   IMllcmt D- MarthuU   3
it'i'il   llarbondnlw W, Uwpniiui  i
&74 'Lethbrldjte Mat Logan   .1
574   JUthbririuu - Simon Yorko  2
lisr.   Letbbrldjte D. McNab  . 1
tm   Coalhyrnt Sumo Itaiettl  3
HMO   Diamond City H. Todd  I
11S!H   rammer™  A- 7,ak  2
102   Taber ..*....—■ Alex. Mcltobertu  3
418t   Rock gprJnK§  Kd, Borford  1
^7   lten.il Mine ---O. H. DavU  1
2»   Iiankhoad T. Hartley  2
Cnnmre ...fl. tt, Thdchuk  3
NordfUK N. Hotter  4
limmheller 3. O. Sullivan  a
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ne»e.!.i!i. .,  M. Smith  „..
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Tb,i» Chair tb#wu|Km ttttinrttt tb»» •rwomi«*,n<-l»tion of th* rmm-
t-S'tif l/>ST.
MOV*T!D and sreonded the* adoption of Rewlutfon Xo. ft.
CARRIED,
SWrMI.  AKAOtAJTlOS   V»    •"». *»»lmfr"'#4 hv Xfnsro*
W* r**on -private »m**r»H|* of m«l roimm tr*otm omtn
f-it9*.p*-'"-- <r t*   It*  It**   rifttt'ft,   *' ■'   "• •   ■"***+  *' <-   tr,-1'".'-   -•• *,.,<<*.
tWp vr*h*s- m* epttnttA tt.tr *** p*"0§ 'Mh*.*! mapo^ *« "*"**
interest of the miners, and
Whereas past experiences have proved that private ownership of mines and the operation of the same at such times
as the private owners see fit has made the employment of
.mine workers insecure and worked hardships  on them and
their families;     •
And whereas there are hundreds of miners ifl District
1& out of employment and hundreds working less than half
time due to private ownership and private management of
mines;
•  Therefore be it resolved that the miners of District 18
earnestly and urgently call upon the Provincial and Federal
Governments to enact a law providing for Government ownership of all mines in the country and the democratic management of the mines by the miners employed-^herein or miners'
council.    ,
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:'   We concur.
Moved and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 32, submitted by Wayne
Local No. 1562: ..'■—'.
Whereas recognizing that the service of the District Lawyer
for the past year has not been to the request of miners, particularly Wayne Local Union, United Mine Workers of America;
Be it resolved that the present solicitor be eliminated and
the office must be in Calgary.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION No. 38, submitted by Coalspur
Local No. 2949:
Whereas in view of the fact that the District and particularly the northern portion of it is growing rapidly and covers
a largp area;
And whereas the legal affairs of the District are ministered
to by one solicitor at Lethbridge;
Therefore, be it resolved that the ponvewtion asks the
Executive to engage the services of another solicitor at Edmonton to take care of the north field.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE Re Resolutions 32 and 38:   That this
matter be turned over to the Executive Board.
MOVED aud Seconded the adoption. Moved International Organizer Rees. Seconded: That we defer action on the recommendation of the Committee ln order that the Convention might 'have
an opportunity to hear Solicitor OBtlund before deciding the matter.
CARRIED,
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 37, submitted W Coalspur
Local No. 2949: '
That whereas tlie system at present in vogue by Operators
.in outlying districts of housing and feeding mine workers is
unfair and unsanitary;
Therefore be it resolved that Operators in outlying districts
provide men with furnished rooms and board same to conform
with requirements of the Health Board.
SPECfAL RESOLUTION NO. 44, submitted by Oliphant
Local No. 2615:
We demand the abolition of Bunk Houses and that working
men shall not be required to pack blankets in the Province
of Alberta;
We also demand the erection of Sanitary Boarding Houses
in order that we may live like human beings.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Re Resolutions No. 37 and 44:   We
concur.    Moved and Seconded the adoption.   CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 29, submitted by Rosedale
Local No. 2817:
Whereas there are many coal mines in District 18 where
there are no heating arrangements on the tipples to protect
the workers from the extreme cold, thereby causing untold
suffering and endangering their lives;
' . . „" ; Therefore be it resolved that we demand that the Provin-
 fin] dnvurytrgmt. omhndy within thn Mines "Act a clause com.
Miners Notice
Keep away from Hillcrest, as
we have too many miners on what
is termed the spare link—that is
men that have*hot regular employ.
ment.
F. LOTE,
Secretary Hillcrest Local Union,
Ui M. W. of A., No. 1058.
DOCTOR WANTED
The camp  of Pocahontas    requires the services    of a doctor.
For further particulars write,
MEDICAL COMMITTEE,
Local Union No. 3170, U. M. W.
of A.
POCAHONTAS, ALTA.
DOCTOR WANTED
A.duly qualified M.D. forHill-
crest, Alberta. For furtfher particulars apply to
Frank Lots,
Sec'y Local Union 1058, Hillcrwt,
27-4i Alberta
NOTICE
pelling all Coal Companies to instal heating arrangements that
will fully protect the tipple workers. V
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: We concur.   Moved and Seconded
tbe adoption.   CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 23, admitted by the Calgary
Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis:
Whereas a Sanitarium fee prevents great numbers of ^consumptives from taking treatment In such an Institution, while
.the disease is in the Incipient and curative stage, and meanwhile frotn lack ot an understanding regarding the proper control of Infection, ouch aB is taught ln all Tuberculosis Hospitals, the patient becomes a source from wblch disease spreads;
therefore in tbe interests of checking the Inroads of Tuberculosis, as well as curing thooe already affected;
Bo It resolved tbat wo, the Delegates to *he Sixteenth
Annual  Convention,   District   18,   United   Mine  Workera of
America, assembled ask tho Provincial Government  to levy
no fee at the proposed Sanitarium at Bowneiw.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:  We concur.   Moved and Seconded
tbe adoption.   CARRIED.
RESOLUTION NO 3, submitted by Michel Local No. 2334:
Resolved, that we know from onr District Executive why
the Constitution waa not used In defense ot the miners of
Fernlo and Michel during the Single Shift Strike.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Tbat tbe representatives of Michel
and Fernie Local Unions meet the Executive Board before the adjournment or ibe Convention to try and adjust thc matter.   Moved
aud Seconded tbe adoption.   CARIUED.
RESOLUTION NO. », submitted by Ballerue »/>cal No. 41:
To tbe Officers and Delegates Assembled  in the Sixteenth
Annual Convention, District 18, U. M. W. ot A.-.
OREET1NO:
Resolved, at our regular meeting held January ID. 1131'*.
we discussed the circular sent out by the Stationary Engineer's
Union asking our assistance In organising a Local Uuton ot
the Stationary Engineers. We are of the opinion that tbo
subject should bb referred to our next Convention and dl»-
posed of for all time, and not let It become a hardy annual.
W*> mnv* to that effect
REPORT OF COMMITTEE; We nonconcur. Moved nnd 8-wonded
tbe adoption.  CARRIED.
Chairman Potter announced tbat tbls concluded the partial report
of the Resolution Commltteo.      -
Heey. Ilro wno obtained consent of tho Chair to read a communication just received by bint which he earnestly urged would
cause the Convention to take some very definite Action concerning
matter* of this nature. ,
Lethbridge. Alta., Feb. 17, 191!*.
Kilw, Ilrown, Kj«|.
Calgary, Alts.
Dear Friend T«ldy:
I bave an opportunity io drop yon a few lines again. I bave
a little iindwrvwl troublo attain. Yesterday we were In lethbridge
visiting eome frlonds and on the way coming home we met a ear
going Into town. Tbe car stopped and the first thing 1 saw was
Detective Ubb with eome modal** coming out. Ito told me
Htat h<* wis down lo l!it> !>'>*(«• **h«r«- 1 tuuyi'd*. b« uhU-tt lor uiy«.
papers whlrh 1 produced O.K. and b* thottgfet I wasn't tbe man
be want-Hi and told mo I could proceed home.   As **e gat Uu,* llu-
*»-,-,..-*-      -ft.      ,--9,,     **,.,,      f'l\,9ir*tlt,t*'     *tn,*     *t*t*ttn     ,91      -l-tlt-""-It-*-*-*     **)•!     *X*t*     *****1**1f*
9Kttrn >*tnn\ unit t**?t**vihiri* my**** «n«t tni«n*Mt*»'<*lv *t*r n* 1hi**e
««nt«>r«»d tbo hnnso nettle nnd -uMirb-H th* bnii** «wr esnin. Thl*
made me mad and sor*. I asked tbem ft* a warrant wbleb th«y
said tbpy did not need, so I asked Lofeb wbat in 11*11 ibey hsd
acalnst me and why th*? bunted me like n erimlnal.   So th**y satd
.1 ..   •*■■   ■   1 . ,1   . .,, ;,.,    .*,■ .   T   ** ».,.,,.,   .«*      9,   *,,. ,   ,,,,.,,..».,   ,(,^
tbey wt-x* in seareb after certain paper* and (but I wan no iis*i<ator
In the tabor movement. They conld not find nhat tbty wanted.
I told tbem tbat probibly some o^rpatrtoilc hotheads of Taber
wsttted to plxtrh nam* featb*r« out ot m* tor nomrthltm tbey coeM
not prete and tbat probably 1 was too ttraitsht for them. They only
took two l**l*rs. mmm frem my tantl* In Chleaeo. In f*o!l»b, end on«*
from my frlt-nd In Now \*wk, lu tiarmau, u%*l:iug me lo toatm dawn
ibftf <t***l bf trtmXii Ind wf<rk TnT to*. Tbr-* ran*! bttrw int- nitr
For iht'tf b'licrjt um 1br,v femuilti iitnliiiis wbair-rrr iip;iii.»i tbt» \uw.
And If tbey try to vat ooe orer me In connection witb tb* Union
I vant yoar protection as my b«*n and tvomtitttc* me tirnr ot a®f
tbing. And do ion tfelak tbey caa break into tbe hmm and n-faeth
miibml n mttrtet* Tit ttm O-etiimi efcewt tilt •* emu* •** 1 rum*
In tnwe ttmln    Pima* writ* m*-
Xmorn truly*,
l»AtJL IlirRBtt.
Care Bos tbt, hmtbbrttipt.
(rontinned tm jwfe tknee!
Miners are hereby notified to
stay away from Greenhill Mine,
Blaiumore, Alta., until further
notice.
Many miners on the spare link.
rod Mcdonald,
Secretary 2163,    y
Blairmore, Alta.
STAY AWAY FROM BRULE
Men should stay away from
Brule owing to lack ot sleeping:
accommodation, hotel and bunk
houses being over-crowded. Notice will be given when things get
righted.
A. McFegan,
Secretary Local Union No. 1054
FERNIE LODGE,   KNIGHT8 OF
PYTHIAS, NO. 31
—Wili-aeet-regulariy-
every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock.
Visiting members
cordially welcome.
W. Pennington, Alfred Baker,
C. C. K. R. S.
SYNOPSIS OP
LAND ACT AMENDMENT
Pre-emption now eonflnsd to surveys*
fends only.
Records will bs granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes
aud which is non-timber Isnd.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more than four may
arrange tor adjacent pre-emptions, with
Joint roaldeiice, but each making necessary Improvements on respective claims,
rr-fi-emptor* must occupy claims for
Ave years and make Improvements to
value of 110 per acre, including clearing
and cultivation of at least I acres, before receiving Crown Orant.
Where ure-eraptor In occupation not
less thnn i year*, snd has mads proportionate improvements, he may, because
of HI-health or other csuie, be granted
Intermediate certlllcale uf Improvement
and transfer his claim.
Ileoorde without permanent residence
may he lewied provided applicant makes
Improvement* to estent of 1100 per annum and r*wrda same each year, Failure to make Improvements or record
same will uperate as forfeiture. Title
eannot be obtained on these claims In
mm than & years, witb Improvements of
tto pet acre*. Including S acres cleared
and cultivated, and residence of at
leant I years, ■
iVo-fmptor holding Crown Urant may
record another r-rs-smptlon, tf he requires land In conjunction witb bis
farm, without actual occupation, pro-
vtded statutory lmi*rovemonUmade and
residence maintained on Crown granted
'and. . . ..      9.
Unmrvnytd areas, not exceeding M
seres, mny he leased as homesltees
tHie lu lw ubUlned after fulfilling residential and Improvement conditions
F"<ir (fitiili'ir snd InduntHsl nui-ijwies,
nrfti* <"iic(T<iiii« 61. atsra* may be leaned
bv one tMWiun or Compsny;
fr«t-EMI»TO«r FNgt QUANTS AOT.
The nuem tit this Act Is enlarged to
Includv all txvenna Joining ana serving
with Ills MujMity-s Porta*, the time
within which ihe heir* or devisees of a
S(-< .hi-mI |irr-ein|itnr may apply fnr
title und.*r Uitu Aet le extended fmm
otn» ytmr tr*m tbe death tit such -jiewon,
a* litrm.rly. until one yesr after the
coiwluKion «f tbe wtMMinl wsr Tnls
privies.- Is nltm msd* letmseUvs.
TOWNIITg »»HOF|BTV ALLOTHgNT
I'mviHivn i* nwia tm ihe grant te
fn-i-xmii h«Miri.g unawfipM-iMl Agree-
iiK-nls lo tnirchtme from the <*rown of
•nch fawn*****!** ««f t5-» l-<«d It ai-ftitlWe,
se lhe |*»wi-eiti»! ulnw.lj mtde will
mvar In |»r»i«inl«ii t« ih« «ml« otttm of
llti* i* hole |t«n-*l    Two nr more tH'nmt-m
V.W.I*   »*# !. . ,'»*?■« »T*« .,51      ...AJ   ,*."*-*»'
their rit#rr«i« and »pr>iy lor a pritpor-
li.Ktittv »tl«..ili*.il Vxi.tli If II la fM
ri»n>t<l.i-wl »itvt**i4* to dtVHl* lhe Ui'td
cwvcr-Ml by nn aapiXmiioit f«r « ttruptw*
l.ofinte «li<mmen|, en elMmmit «»f bind
ut "jun' vuim; Mii«K:ted Inm MvatiaUif
I'ltAvi, Ui.tU tu th* l*i»iiiy tu.ty U*
made. Th**# »lMm*nt» «r* r»*««l"tl«»f»»t
i)«)i!i*i (Htivnt'oit of 'I.'" 11,1, >*i ilj.it Hi*
Crown or ** any mti<i'i h***-*!* The
flr»t««   of   ttttrttit,. in u )<..,,■ *(,.* »Mtr.
$■
t»(«.j-rf *i*t*ti *tta: «,<«•*i*. ,-.*- -m-t-va ia
#i.„ ■?!->» ftlmtt tit*****,-1 *.t\     THt* -rtt-.-*Wl*m ttt
tne J*«w»*»«t „* U.H-.V * ..* i'».«*>>**-.. * u» *n«
tityvXe,**' <*t * -iir>»iv..rti.-.t-!i»<> ,-»Ht,->,-n.- i
P ftfwl.    TO* Iim* ««* KL-lk-lM aMtirs-
ttmt fft th-tma amttm**!** t» nmn*4 it*
the l»t e*9 mt May, lei*. Any »«mmk-»-
tlon wi*3t att*t m* d*n» win not be
tmn*X4*r*4.   Th**a »llii«iifi*n»* eppiy to
tHW).   Xo**  »<."!   l.t-Jt,  tit  llw ft*"*.*   mtmi
fc%^j.*-#v.v ^w.'•■<,■.:■.
for tiiforntslbMi snp'i* to sny Irwin
Mil Os-rsniasent Ar">i «r It*
tx. n SAipoi.
Detruty Uiowier „t UmAc
Vtotorla1 a
"NO OttH- NO WO*tK*
mw \tmti CITV.^Mat* tban IM,-
eon tr^dm imtontfts tn tb» rii> of
Xew Vwrk *»**■«» rirw**i i.m pn -em Httbe
on Joly ittt, ss n remit ot the mssage
of tke ftmliiMtbM nmetAmmt, beer
is ret off at tkat tlmo. The -.tne tn .
(be mtttt of it r«r«r*n4am (nltlated
by tbe Central Federate* t'ekm.
Amont tk* nntm* Ha: 'bntm alteat,y
•*uyr...;.uc.t tH«uu;Ivc,i anituuUv^ uu
lhe So beet, oo work" teste tro Am
tongtbiwrnw, sbfpbondeM, ironwort-
«*r», statlotiary tlrenttii, eaglaews,
k*t !.«*», yeiffsf* not nmvmn.
JtAt^' "»■>- .'t.^ai*
\
FEENIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
PAGE THREE
CALGARY CONVENTION—FOURTH DAY
(Continued from page two)
A very lengthy discussion arising out of -this communication
followed.
MOVED McNafb—Seconded Hagwall: That this Convention go
on record protecting against Detective Lobb's action in breaking into
' room; also that the Executive Board obtain particulars of the case
and forward -the same to (the Attorney-General demanding a prosecution, also that a copy be forwarded to the President of the
Dominion Trades and Labor Congress. Lengthy addresses by Delegates Susnar and Marsh foil-owed in which the cases of persecution by tbe police were mentioned in detail.
MOVED Thachuk—Seconded as an amendment: That Secretary Browne ibe instructed to write the Minister of Justice asking
him to remove this Detective ^tfbb as he is too obnoxious for
the piiblic welfare; also Justice of the Peace Pennyfather.
MOVED Potter—Seconded Payne as a substitute motion: That
the President and Secretary wire the Minister of Justice for the
immediate removal of both Detective Lobb and Superintendent Penny-
father.
The matter was discussed at some further length when it was
MOVED Susnar—Secgnded Hagwall as a rider: That our District
Officers attend the Western Conference and introduce a resolution
before that body that unless tbe Government /evokes all orders-in-
councll which are -interfering with the free press literature, free
BBsemWy and attti-loaflng Act that Uie organizations of the whole
Western Canada go out on strike and call upon the rest of the
*.: workers ln Canada to do Uie same.
The Chairman at this juncture declared a recess of ten minutes.
Upon, resuming session it was
MOVED Marshall—Seconded Dickenson: That the whole subject .matter before the Convention bo referred to the Resolution
Committee to bring in a suitable resolution covering the same.
CARRIED. ,,
itEPORT OF COMMITTEE ON OFFICERS' REPORTS.
President's Report,
To .the Officers and Delegates of the Sixteenth Annual Convention
of District 18, United Mine Workers of America:
Greeting:
In the following lines, and according to our constitution and
custom, I present a report through you to the membership of our
.District. '  .  .   • ,." ■.-,'''
My intention Is to be as brief and concise as possible, dealing
only with facts that concern the general and special Interests of
our membership.
This being the most important Convention in the history of
District 18, from the point of a larger delegation first, an increased
membership second and renewal of contracts third.
First. ThiB delegation, largely increased since our last Convention, may through the many more ideas, have a tendency to
lengthen the time In getting through the business placed before it;
this should lie borne in mind by each delegate having to express
himself;  time in this instance means finance to our District.
Second. 0 The membership also desire that no time be unnecessarily wasted at this Convention, or In the conducting of business
iby its oflicere and board members.
In reviewing circumstances we are faced with abnormal conditions all round, the most important, and one that will have to
be met with the greatest care and courage, is the returning soldier
and his re^steblishroent Into civilian life.
♦ Some of tbe returned men are fitting themselves amongst us
without tho least concern and taking up and adjusting themselves
to grapple still another problem alongside the -workers, to gain
Cor themselves the country that they went over to Europe to fight
for. Others that return will not so adapt themselves until all hope _
sTTOTurEl job fias™passed tEem7 These latter we have need to
fear, ifor Uie opposing interests to that of the workers, will without
hesitancy use them against us. This ean be met only with educational and friendly appeals through all channels available.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: We concur with the foregoing
President's remarks.   Moved and seconded the adoption.   CARRIED.
President's report:
We have also a big unemployment problem already, created
by the lack of orders, tho closing down of our lignite mines and
the mild weather. The finish of the war also has affected the
ooal markets. Coal In considerable quantities being shipped into
Canada from the U. S. A., bas caused an overstocked market unprecedented; and this at a time when the Government of Canada, for
the interests of its subjects, should have insisted that our Western
coal have precedence to tbe point of a non-sufilcient production. It
the Government had fciven more -thought to the Western coal miner
and less of the coal dealers of Manitoba and Saskatchewan Provinces,
sufficient orders could have been secured to keep our mines running
at least ton months In the year. ♦
This Is .what we were led »to believe was tho Intent of tho
Government when attending n conference at Ottawa In April last,
cottiprlslng Eastern and Western operators, KaBtern nnd Western
railroad Interests', miners of the east and mlnerp from District 18,
Tho Government and otber Interest* showed that there was only
ono element In that confpronce thnt thoy ere nfnrtd of, to bring
ideal conditions to this country during the war, nnd that was DlBtrlct
18, which had a largo record of strikes In the pa.it, nnd If tbat
condition continued tho Intereots or the country would be Jeopardised.
Thoy wanted your representatives to promise in writing lhat the
miners of IJU-trlet 18 would work and go In for a greater production.
Wo promised, but not in writing, thut If tbey would give us the
markets we would supply tho coal, We Imve kept our promise, but
thi* Govornment and •ther Interests ns usiinl have gono astray, forgotten their promises, and care not for our conditions.
REPORT OF -OOMMITTKB: Uo President's remarks on overstocked market wo concur, Moved nnd seconded tho adoption.
CARRIED.
President's Roport:
The tnwstlon may be asked here In making tho agreetiionts,
wbtditer it would be better in negotiating them to make them under
and witb the Commissioner, cr with the Western Ooal Operators'
Association?
My answer to this queatlon would be: make It with and tindnr.
tbe Commission by all means 1 wake tbla decision after weighing
iho psst with the present: The former decisions of all Independent
ehalrmen, former agreements made with the operators, what wo havo
lost and what we bave gained, and tbe foollsb findings handed down
by legal minds; compare tbem yourselves with tbe decisions and
findings of the Armstrong Commission snd the latter will re«im
mond tuelf.
Tho tlmo of yonr IMitrlct Officers for the last year^liaa been
taken «|» In eAabltelUflf now Locals, making now ngrmAnotn and
taking ap dlsputo* and grievance* and odjosttng the unto. Appended
fetroto is » comploto Itot wbulaiod from tho time Iho committee
was nppolntod;
Tho IIM contains ST1 items, dtapotsod with aa follow*:
Deetslons In favor of mon  * 1«.1
Dscisions tn favor of operator* bt
Compromised *..*  W
Withdrawn ....—.........   14
. Iff
Total ».•»........•...»•...•»-....••..'■»».»#..•»»»«•"■'
RtnNORT OF COMMtrntB: Wt eovewr. »«v*d tad tooottdod
tho adoption.
This rocoaaumdatloa by tho OmmbIMm ptoeohmt • lengthy
poonm « mm Mtorat of tto tMtagatw nook port. OoHttoto
Utonr onUromt m mopUotully lengthy nttrmn In wbleb bo wry
wnwtlr «o-»d«MM4 tht mtthed ot dtapotttton ot dttpvtw it race*
mootot, namely hy tht ttrwtor of Coal Operation*. At th* eon-
etotto* tf Mi rwufte tho CmvnUmi tdtttntd.
AOJOCMOflNT takM at MS mitn f pm. rrtday. tilt Mfwrr,
Mtf. 	
FIFTH  DAV-MOHNINO.
fTmlrmtt Trrtoi nfhf tffrr * "** * *- *' *** ""   0*
Om iwH tttt tit MWwtof Jfc*inU*s wer* rewrd-4 IMrtw J***-
*•«. Mti MttkbtU, Chopmm mi (WoH*
lit Omimoxt nmtmni thtt tlw !•*!*•» hot*** "- r *.*-***
Am wit tht lopopmmboitm nt tb* r^ .**,'■*-,■.-       ■ - *.*
«e-mtng Am ontAha* *t the *Pm*Hpm*'' -r -
AtmispA tAMt btttmom*p sNtM h*-* -r •'"-■'
op for Mttteimmt  f$m ptft At, p? <»»Hv- .
Arnti Mimhir WHttlcy, M • n-"*-*iim -■■■*
wm£, mitiii Mom* nmkim, v.
into Executive Session while the report of Committee on Officers'
Reports was under consideration.
Before putting this motion the Chair announced that the Resolutions Committee at the clese of the previous session had been instructed to bring in a recommendation covering several motions submitted arising out pf a conWunication from Paul Burek (See proceedings, Fourth Day, pages 17 and .18.) and, as he believed it was
the desire of the delegates that this be given as much publicity as
possible, he requested that this resolution be acted upon before going
into Executive Session.
Report of Resolutions Committee continued: ■ y
SPECIAL-RESOLUTION NO. 54 submitted by Resolutions
Committee:
Whereas Detective Lobb, whom we believe to be of German nationality, and Superintendent Pennyfather, of Letlh-
bridge, Alta., have on numerous occasions far exceeded their
authority through the illegal and unwarranted persecution of
members of our organization, District 18, U.M.W. of A., by
arresting them and haling them before the magistrates at o'.>t
towns than those wherein they reside and where there are
magistrates located, putting them to much unnecessary expense
and inconvenience; also breaking into and searching their homes
in their absence for banJ-^d literature, etc.;
Therefore be it resolved that we wire the Minister of Justice, the Hon. J. Doherty, demanding their instant dismissal
j from the force; also we demand the removal of the commission
of the magistrate for elusion in this damnable conspiracy to
harrass and rob our members; also that the evidence in these
cases be foi-warded to tbo Hoii. J. Doherty at tl>e same time
the telegram is sent, requesting an ftnmediate reply, so that
the Convention may have the opportunity to take action thereon
while still in session.
MOVED and seconded the adoption of the recommendation. -
CARRIED.
The motion that the Convention go into Executive Session on
being put to a vote was .'"'■■'
CARRIED.
Delegate Susnar introduced a motion as follows:
MOVED Susnar—seconded: THAT the resolution from Michel
on free speech, free press and free literature and political prisoners,
which \yas adopted by this, Coflvention, be turned over to the District
Officers to take same to the Western Conference and try to bring
about a general strike not only of Western Canada but Canada as a
whole unless those Orders-in-Council under which we have suffered
so long are repealed.
CARRIED. ■■-.-••
MOVED Potter—Johnston: THAT the President and Secretary
draft a resolution to the Minister of Justice giving the necessary data
when demanding the dismissal °t Detective Lobb and Superintendent
Pennyfather; and also that telegrams be dispatched as well to the
Minister of Labour and President of the Dominion Trades Congress
asking them to take personal '*c.tion with the Minister of Justice on
that matter. .
CARRIED. '-'j-
At this juncture B.M. Wheatley introduced Mr. I. Stupher, of
the Non-Partisan Political League of Canada, requesting that he be
permitted to briefly address tbe Convention. Mr. Stupher briefly
addressed the Convention as tx farmer and urged a closer alliance
between the miners and the farmers in order to further their respective interests. His remarks were very warmly received by the delegation, and B.M. Wheatley extended a cordial invitation to Mr.-
Stupher as a representative of the Non-Partisan League to attend
the Western Conference, to be held in Calgary commencing March
1
MOVED Cacchioni—Hopkins:  THAT the Executive Board communicate with the Executive of the farmers' organization at as early
a date as possible and try and nf range that the miners and farmers
shall have one mutual aim.
CARRIED.
MOVED Potter—seconded:   THAT Brother A. McFegan, Vice-
President-elect, have a seat and Voice in this Convention. '
CARRIED.
At 9.55 the Convention assayed Executive Session.
On a motion by Wheatley-Thachuk the Convention udjourned at
11.50 n.m. until 1.30 p.m.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
Chairman Irvine called tho Convention to order at 1.30 p.m„ and
on the roll call Delegates Beard nnd Cacchioni were recorded absent.
The Convention continued in Executive Session.
During the afternoon a communication from the Non-Partisan-
Political League Convention was received, reading as follows:
Calgary, AHa., Fob. lOth, 1919.
To the President, United Mino Workers' Convention, Calgary:
(Resolution.)
The members of tho Non-P»nisan Political League, Alberta, in
convention assembled, extend fraternal greetings to the United Mine
Workers, of Alberta, and express our desire to co-operate Vith theni
in any steps for the advancement of public good.
(Signed) B. C. M0OUE, Chairman of Convention.
.1. H. FORD, Secretary,
MOVED Susnor—Brown:   THAT the communication be mnde
part ef the records of till* Convention.
CARRIED.
It was moved by Delegate fitter, seconded by Polcgate Payne:
THAT thc Secretary draft a •suit«l>Ie reply lo the■ abovo from thi>
Convention. Tho Chair, however, ruled thnt thfs would 1m> complied
with without passing a motion to that effect.
At 5.05 President HifTJM read two communications relative to
photographs of the delegates to th© Convention.
MOVED .Susnar Ecclestons THAT .h* mutter ot nrranifinjr for
taking n jymip photograph lie referred to the FH-itWrt V-c-ivw-y,
CARRIED.
President lliggs then read n eommunienHmn from the Scovtary
of Uludstone liOenl, introducing two resolutions.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 55 submitted by Oliuhtono
I,ocal Union No. 2314:
Whereas the industrial condition fn tho Crowj NVst Pass
has In the past been unsettled, i»wln* tn abnormal conditions,
which we consider hnvo been menacing the lives of the workers;
And whereas owin* to «ueh condition*, together with ihe
influent* epidemic, which e#«se«| great suffering and hardship,
having absolutely precluded nny workers from having sell aside
any pnrtlon ef bin earning* to meet unforseen contingencies}
And whereas now that the market seems to bf overstocked
to such an eatent that a ptrkA ot mtott*4 tdietma ht* now
eome upon the werlter;
And whereat the paithfinjr power of the dollar is reduced
tt forty-thww cents nil supposH war bonuses to meet the high
cost of living hire become inadequate and futile;
And whereas two hundr*"* thousand acres ot tha want vato-
tUt toot Itada in British C-ehimbia, eontainlnt mem coal, ac-
.,.*!-» w *»***«**«, m-iwext-fmxton, that tht combined IteMa of
Crrnt f-rit.u.'.i.., Fjww m,td iH-kimm. are btid ewtuatvety hy the
Crows N«*l Pom Conl Comfit?, which optraltt Mty t small
• P-etttta tf Ot mot AM, at* entries ok Otis tperttioa wader
ttm twnuui or tnfn xvtpointi**t.
And whereis tie btUiaf hack nt the 4tmAmn*mt ot th*
um crowa Meat pm Ootl Comptajr hoo resulted to
tHiMt tad iatmfd satwltf aa tkt ptrt tf t fittt
wmktr tf eftlwm ppA rtuMmiM ot thit district, aad ia Matt-
-fWNWt thtftty faernthir th« rtbtOlowMti tf titajr tad m*
eonrngb-t tit growth tf t fttUtf which "rifht pf**a dtaferwu;
Atd whtrsaa Um Crows Nsat fut Osal Compnny chtrgot
aff heal tmluatrtea, lutbrnw torn and tit etUctat a priet at
b-^^ms ta -^m 4^as biM^^M ti^ mami *^^m-. ntu*^* jjl^^^*..^^ il.^. i% m-hj-. **-**■
hmm aw ^w* wn> ii^ipsr i»r ^m* •■■■ nami mif^ vy hwir w
tht alio* tmrpmtoikm by tApm tbnr mo tnmArotlot pot thereby
tmrftttt a* ttnm tt Ot ttpftn tf Hit mmm ti tkt ifetifcts
Aad mbtmoo ttm halt t$ tha Cppm Hon Tom Cttl Coat-
p*txr mom ottmimi ooim ipmiomU* prwt-dtit. tmUb M tt
'** •mnncftea Wiac pahlielf laftntrf to tH wrm Cmnpba m
"■** a*-,,, ff^ai fffft, cnai IhpI Omoti (tm *Ikt Wmolptw Vrtb-
i) *f9^^^m^mm, taiMt
M*4 w»cfttt tkt etpptrotttoo pelter tf tkt Oovemment tf
•  r-„t..-*i,tk ^4 „c i*^ timtptotomA ot tkt Dossia*oa tf
-.9* ' tmaamtr of tpiltOAog Ikt tltft tf Ittstr t«d tf
9.$^ «H«|«r uwnaplsjttat)
*   "   tpn '%* rtmmvn fm Am Frfortl aad Previaeitl
Houses went on record as being in favour of expropriating all
lands now held out of use;
• Now therefore be it resolved that this body call* the attention of the Government of the Province of British Columbia-
the Government of the Dominion pf Canada and the RecoS*
struction Committee of the Fernie District to the foregoing facts
and urge that immediate steps be taken by the Government of
the Province of British Columbia taking over the coal lands
now occupied by all corporations with a view of; more exten-
;     siye development of the same in the interest of the people as
a whole, and not in the interests of alien corporations, and that
the Government of the Province of British Columbia take necessary action at once towards affording relief to those who fire
now deprived of the opportunity to work, in a field so rich*in
natural resources, and who are already feeling the pinch of
destitution.
lt[0VED Berford—Eastham: THAT this be referred to the Resolutions Committee.     * -     ■ " *
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 56 submitted by Gladstone
Local Union No. 2314:
Whereas the purpose of the Workmen's Compensation Act
was to establish a form of state insurance for furnishing to
workmen in industrial pursuits a reasonable measure of compensation; .'■■'(
Ancl whereas the coal mining district is classed as one of
the most hazardous in the Province and is being assessed at
about the highest rate;
And whereas payment of such assessments have resulted
in a surplus being formed in the hands of the Workmen's Compensation Board, enabling such Board to use it for other purposes, such as loans to the Government;
And whereas it is believed that loans so made had been
used in the purchasing of certain lands in the South Okanagan
District, which lands in the opinion of this meeting should have
been expropriated by the Province for the reason that the said
lands were acquired by the owners by questionable methods as
alleged by supporters of the Government in the year 1916;
And whereas administration of the Act has proved disappointing to the workmen, inasmuch as the compensation capable
of being allowed thereunder is not adequate;
And whereas the purchasing value of the dollar as compared with pre-war times is only 43 cents;
And whereas the compensation allowed to widows and
orphans fails entirely to provide the barest necessites of life;
And whereas the Government has seen fit to propose an
amendment to the Compensation Act to increase the salariey
of the members of the Workmen's Compensation Board, forgetful of the rights of dependants;
And whereas the Workmen's Compensation Board has a
kaiser-like.power in administering the-Act, such power being
in opposition to the age-old ideas of British Justice;
And whereas the workmen or his dependants have no
option but to submit to the decrease of the Board;
And whereas there is no representative of the Board Jn
the District of Fernie;
And whereas the District of Fernie provides more revenue
many times over per capita than any other part of the Prov-
•    ince; '
Be it. therefore resolved that this meeting place itself on
.   record as being in favor of the Board being represented in the
Fernie1 District by permanent representatives; ;
And be it further resolved that thc compensation to de-
Pendants hi*, increased nnn'hnnrirj^-^iap-e-ant-;* ■ —■
And be it further resolved that the workmen have the
option of taking proceedings at common law in case of serious
injuries and where it is suspected negligence exists;
And be it further resolved that the Act be amended to
allow appeals from the decision of the Workmen's Compensation Board to the Court of Appeal.
MOVED Rees—Johnston:   THAT this resolution be referred to
the District Executive Board.
CARRIED.
Adjournment was taken at 5.25 p.m. until 9 a.m. Saturday, February 22nd, 1919.
€!
of
SIXTH   DAY-MORNING.
Chairman Irvine called thc convention to order at 9.10 a.m, On
tho roll call Delegates Hutter, Cacchioni, Payne and Costello wore
recorded absent. *
The Chair directed thc attention of tho delegation to the proposed
visit of Peter Wright, Vice-President of tho Seamen's and Firemen's
Union, of Great Britain, to address tho Convention at 10 a.m., and
desired to know if it was the intention that the Convention continue
in Executive Session. i-
Delegate Susnar stated he considered that tho important matters
which had prompted the Convention to go into Executive Session had
now beon disposed of and there was no further nuawiily vUiil-y receiving the report of the Committee on Officers' Reports to remain in
camera.
MOVED   Smith-—Soponded   Johns-ten:     THAT   tlu.'   Coiiu-ntloii
resume open session.
CARRIED.
Delegate McNab, wilh reference te the address of peter Wright
requested in view of the possibility of there Mug disagreement upon
cortnln topics between the speaker and th.; di.-legauw that tho Chair
prohibit any debate of a controvor-slal nature, to which the Chair replied tha* tb.'it most certainly would be tin- tn-uiiiT-nt acvimi<»d Mr.
Wright on a guest of the Convention.
Report of Committee on Officers* Reports continued:
President's Repurt—Legislation:
Consideration with rernnl in flu> frtl'.i» -it*,- iio^.til.*-, v,:    ',   ,;..
ported at this scumon of the Alberta llotwe of Legislature.
Coal Mines Regulation Act:
Hours of lalmr for outside workers to lx« H.
Hours of labor for Inside miners to bo (J.
In thia ward the Premier eni*.*; h,* "fully reali?.:.** thi; .-,**,,„,.,,.,.-
nes* of thp titiciiifiloyed problem nnd tl'at liu« reduction in h<iur.
labor is one way in meeting it."
He nlso «ate» that "a movement ik on foH of all the J'roviare*
of the Dominion getting together to do Homething a.* a v. hole,"
Sed ton 1" - Api-wJntinfftt ef Hoard of Examiners and the placim?
thereon of two miner*. The peculiar jttattd that vu> ran have th*»
privilege of nfiminp two of the lizard.
Section 31 (Payment of Want*)—When fully enlightened ax t<»
the time men at the mine* hail to wait ht*ft*p* f-»♦•«$» *h»y <'•' {,v,
tba l*Jo»*e*mmciit rave u« every cncourai'ement in e«per»in;» a lba.-.:r<-
In then* condition*.
Section if* (Payment for Mine Run)—Mitchell, at our interview,
atated that he thought we mild "nrrordini? to the Art claim tlie rum
of'mine,"   Tlie Premier nab) we retiM "claim nnyment al.«o in legal
currency af the Dominion, that ha* a atamiani in gold."
■n+r*1~m to Mw-w-*-i   . * n* •  ' *
* ■* •*   " * **<tr
OOtPt that the -BWv-nMroer-.-* .VnnlA \n- r.iu'r V- w .>.
•f the Dlntrlct and aubject to recall, wa* "ted &tOr\U
wt can no* expect a change la thia particular
-Bactioa M (Veatllattoa)—An addltkmal daunc uwler thlf auction.
known at No. 7. In all raotni awl ether working placet caava* ahaH
h* b*wt *,-**■» i9-: fir-- ;„,.;,„ ;„,.; -,^^ ^ ^.^i^^, imm tar ih* par-
p«M af wMitilatiiaa. Thia waa "net an mnwaaanahla rMiaeat" and they
mmammaMJm   m^m.^.   na-ka-1'   -mmHaM  La   jJLaiaiuek   A^   naam^*,m*M   bOm^   ^*-*^kM*uM^k^kA pt
inn   aev wbm cvhhi m wav i» nMNn me topmm.
Tht Premier gtva na to nmietntnmd that aa far at he waa "pcr-
ataally tootomof' tht trori "werWnf^ whanatar it occurrwl, «a«M
ht tnken aat ot Am Act, hat that |w t«taa«W ttitag tht matter ap
with Am noofbltow tm4, wh« he hmt nrrnOftit U meet te ilMmm ma-
mm nattata, aad Ma "Oaianuaeatli adiaa waaU 4tpoo4 •• tlnrir io-
Tbt «alr «*>ertka ht raiattf whan otrotoUm Am tboopn ta tht
tlKtfie lamp ta ail fatta* otAm wm that ha waa "afra*-tf ** ?'*■ -■ -
Tht ilet-f-fati-M rtmahttm) Mm fha* ♦htr*' **t* m •'ia*'  p *
ptmtmt tomom mmm md that all f-tmpaaita ia pw**^    "••
waff aire tn ment tfie e&aait.
Na imM "om ohm Am wmUorf
Ht waeld "take up with Mr, ftttrllnp ih* *-m. ■--
Nwrv tAmk ta m *: •** •
ttt haria*aa hi tratta awl ether hard *• a'   ' *
ptonOnt wn*h.hew*e* wmU he p\*r 4 under
((VwttBMd on potf mt)
9t.
t
ft:**;*!
I
--Umt
r
If
u iiion-pe;" ,*mt
B. 0. STOCK AND HAY RANCH
For Sale
1700 acres, with nbout 200 acres
natural meadow.   About
1000 acres especially adapted to
tame grasses, easily cleared,
and can be irrigated; never
failing creek, and ranch borders on large lake; small
buildings; railroad sidetrack
on place; plenty of outside
range. Price $10.00 per acrej
terms arranged. P. A. Itiu-
°   sell, Cranbrook, B. C.   29-4t
Keep Away From
WAYNE
More Men than Jobs.   Will notify
through The District Ledger when
conditions chang«.
Feb. 27, 1919.   John Kent, Sec'y.
Envelopes
100
Printed
$1.00
Postpaid
No letter should he untiled without
tli« return address to the sender anil
one dollar we will print your nddrqtfj
on one hundred good eim-lopes nift
■send them to you post, paid.
Cash With The Order
Send us $1.00 for a trial order. If
youprgfera■■ bettor enyidnpfi-jaauL*
1.25. Prices for la«-gei- quantities ate
IJi-oportionatel y lower.
Envelopes
100
Printed
$1.00
Postpaid
&Jj* Btefmi £ri»0ur
i
NOTICE
We lieu' lo iif!v;M! nil men to
*iny away fnnn \W,Ie<»*.,», AMvi.Ttn,
as tln> mines are avi-rermvilcd.
JAS. BEWSHER,
! Secretarv Nordegv   I*«ot;al. Union,
I'J.V'ii    No. 1087, V, M. W. of A.
 *""•
H. OSTLUND
Solicitor for District 18,
U. M.
W. of A
Ma
"Dnnuld E!');l;
Lethbridge,
Alta.
FOR SALE
1
i ••■-(M-ll!   iiii','!-:";   J     two
K<»««t ion
<
.'-1,1    '. ... '* *'J   ■  -I'ci'll ;   1
hiio[»er
■' -i ',.. ..;   ,.M-;  1  iimi-m
(Hiwi'r
!         nH»'v-.,     li.-lt
h    ami
***,,»*     '   Jl" • '"i'l   h*;,rr*i.
■VV**,   "ft
• ' '*'   ','   i I'llH'llJ       Ill«*i«ll*i
*. r*n«r
r
t.i fl ami    12 ii(.-li
wallt
-t. r
»cr r«iiii|ilel!» flvHfrtitlittn
W J Lifhthwi
Lnwlhrotk, Alta.
mt
JAMiS WH1TEHOUII
Twti-her af
Piano tnd Offta
i.*.***,, itarNMHiy. i ounterpomt,
Tnnapotition. (*«mpoaiti«i,
Ordinal r«ti*))ii
NOtlOB
K»-    t-*-n*tr*1it\    XO   tttt
'•>.»   M.miMHt   fork m
*t iirintr ..f HttMt *OtP
**„it- ir *nm«'»ftt ump.
*■•*    Pill    he    ttOttttl
*'•• w** »;■■» i.4t»i#t>r,
'*    P\ftl    LOOAL
mow, wo mp, mmmssm.
PAGE FOUR
PERNIE, BRITISH; COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
BOLSHEVISM IS ONLY
SOCIALISM IN ACTION
In another column we reprint the
Bolshevik Constitution as it has been
published by Uie Cambridge Magazine^
Kvery man,'who ^is not altogether aii
intellectual prostitute, must admit
that the constitution has considerable
merit. There are several clauses in
it which ail will agree might be advantageously put into effect in Canada at
once, lake, for instance, the' limita,-
tion ot the voting privilege. Would it
be harmful in Canada to eliminate
from our voting lists all "persons who
are 'convicted of avaricious or shameful transactions?"
Of course sve cannnot expect certain
people in Canada ito grow enthusiastic
ing of another George, an even more
Herman George tlian the one who
on the table when Woodrow Wilson,
his possession the, famous gold plate
worth a million or so which he haa
on the table wire nWoodrow Wilson,
the greatest living "Democrat," was
entertained recently at the palace.
The George of whom Byron spoke
was not worth saving, our present
George is, for he is not such a bad
sort and can't help being cousin to
Willianu iHoheuzollern.
We haven't time to bother much
with kings so we look nearer home
and commence with the Premier of
Canada.   Who is he?
Robert J^aird Borden was born on
a farm near Grand Pre,, the spot in
Nrova Scotia made famous by the poet
Longfellow. 'He was a clever boy at
school and his parents sent him to the
academy and later to college and law
school and he commenced the practice of his profeston in his native province, a..province noted for its fish and
its apples and its politicians. Like
lis cousin Frederick, who later became minister of militia in Canada,
and who, at the time of the South Af-
THROW THEM OUT
INDUSTRIALISM DISPLACES
POLITICAL  GOVERNMENT
in favor of other limitations which the i il"u '—•  ..        , .*   .       - .,
Bolshevik! place on the ballot. There !^ican war Wils the originator■-ot the
are those who think that people who famous emergency ration which cost
live, on interest from capital, revenues j Canada so much money and which on
from estates, etc., should have a right analysis proved to bo ground dog bis-
-  ■•    I cuit, Robert was a Liberal by birth.
----- in
to a say in the government of the
country. The llolsheviki say "no."
They claim that work alone should entitle one to a vote. They argue that
those who make a living from the product of others should not have a voice
in the control of industry. It must be
remembered that the Bolshevik form
of government doesn't recognize private ownership of any property nec-
esssary for the public welfare. The .
following clause would show that they j
allow people to possess laud which
they can and dothemselves work for
they give the vote to: *    ' '
"Peasants and Cossacks who possess land and employ no hired labor,"
A study of the Bolshevik! constitution would show it to be one of socialism. The difference between Bolshevism and Socialism is merely one
of action. Bolshevism is Socialism
in action.
The most profound students of
socialism in the past never dreamed
that Russia would be the first country to actually apply socialism They
logically urgued that by au evolutionary pr.icev.* capitalism ,v)>'l destroy
l'Vii:' and would be replaced by sou-
,-iii.;iii*aHur the fun:;l i of capitalism
had bid) .:onipleied. Tlv.-y gave cap-
i':i *-i. e.edit for the concentration ol
industry, the effeoting of economies
lii the node of proti wlio i, th.: lor.iui-
Ther. woald eome-the
'Mi: ion   of   the
He associated with conservatives
his law practice and when a conservative opening occurred he was ready
to fill in. in his law practice he was
successful and one of the best author-
ites on commercial law aud high finance in Canada. .Tie realized early
in political life that the best game to
play was not one of catering \o the
people, the dear people, but to keep
close hold to the money kings of Canada, He showed political wisdom., for
■he maintained not only political power
but has provided' himself with a sufficient supply of this world's goods'so
that his very charming wife, now Lady
Borden, has absolutely no need to worry over the high cost of living or to
depend on a ninety-t^o cents a 'day
war bonus to keep the wolf from the
door, llespite his close relationship
politically and financially with Sir
Joseph Flaveile and others who have
not become poorer because of the war
Sid Robert has kept rimself free from
charges of being a shyster and a
crook. 'Tie may have done many
strange things but nobody has ever
"caught him with' the goods "
Fifty-four foreign-born agitators-
Norwegians, Swedes, Finns and Russians—are scheduled for deportation
by the Federal authorities. The prisoners, confined in a special train linger armed guard, are described as
"1.WW. trouble makers, bearded labor fanatics and redflag supporters."
Most of them took a part in organizing the Seattle general strike.
For the first time in its history the
government of the United States has
adopted a policy, of deportation which
"will entirely solve the greatest dan-
jger of an industrial unrest during, the
reconstruction period." (N. Y. Times.)
How delightfully simple! -What a
sure remedy for social ills. Whenever
a class of men or women disagrees
with the rulers,   throw them out!
•What will the Statute of Liberty
think,—unless it has lost its power to
think during these two years of turmoil—as fifty-four champions of industrial liberty pass her on thoir way
back to their native soil—to Europe
in revolution? These men have spoken; they have written; they have agitated against industrial despotism.
"Throw them out," yell the politicians.
"Throw them out," shouted the editors. "Throw them out,"scream the
torles, the junkers, the pirates of finance and industry. "High and low,,
lirst and last, throw them out!"
hrow them out! Thomas Jefferson,
George Washington, Benjamin franklin, John, Adams—trangressors of the
law made by His Gracious Majesty,
George III of England!
Throw them out! Thomas Jefferson,
Muhlenberg—European   trouble mak-
Throw them out! German revolutionists, Irish Nationalists, French Hu
' ...» _.   .       _£     1*1..
guenots, Italian patriots, lovers of liberty, champions of freedom, prophets
of the new day, who have sought
these shores for three centuries
Throw them out! They have no place
in plutocratic America.   Throw them
01!*'
Rouse yourselves, politicians, editors, tories and junkers. Actno>v! Labor unrest is spreading. The tide of
liberty-loving humanity is rising.   The
-       A-        1...
The last  time
the writer saw Sir j American people are going to be free.
* ■        i.— „.., tt
him
lion of tvvsfs.
m-xi   •>.(•;:   the
SOCl ll
'rii'-j::■-..   Mliey looked t.) see Socialism i •>■•*•-•■"--j   	
in action come fir.-.t in more hhrhly j if the regular prayers whi
ti.-w-n.d   imlusii-.l   countric-   than   -mentioned will  be  kept
Robert 'Borden and spoke with
personally'was'at. a 'Methodist Camp
Meeting eround for the Bordens are
all good S'ethodists and we are sure
thnt Sir Robert, with the religious
training hg has had and as one "in
authority over us" will appreciate it
hich we have
up  without
is Ru-.'.si-v
The war ran athwart their vision.
MillioiiM'f Russians w.;jv massed for
military action and millions were
killed in the fighting against Germany.
The sufferings of the Russians became
so intense that they were willing 'to
try  any   remedy.     War  had   taught
-"nnnTrTBHT-TTrBW-weioir--
' and'as a mass they were ready to attempt the remedy proposed by their
students and revolutionists. Without
having the industries so perfected
and so concentrated as they aro on
•this continent and lu -Great Britain,
Ger many and other countries, thoy
closed in on the Industries and took
possession. Their action alarmed
those who own and control the industries in other nations and immediately
joint action against the spirit of Bol
shevlsm became necessary with the
lesUlt that we find practically all commercial inte'e-it-i in the win;.; today
piepared even i; resioie Wi'iani Ho-
l.Hizollcrn to 'hi throii.i in Otimiiy
nalier than Ii&m Social!*•<? -i"- into
action in other countries.
It t» a tremendous, an overwhelming, force that is being used against
the Bolshevik). They are completely
cut off from trado with tho outside
world. They cannot obtain tho produce oi the tropics or of any of tlioso
countries which supply certain essentials for modern manufacture. They
cannot oven get the news to tho outside world regarding what thoy aro
ilolnt; for tho groat news agencies,
the telegraphs, the cables, the wireless
stations are all In control of tho biggest pronps of world financiers. Tho
Standard OH group, tho United Status
Steel group, iho International Harvester group will lose billions if the
Russian Bolshevikl are allowed to be
KuerenHfu!. Worse than that If the
spirit of Bolshevism is not checked
they will loso all that they havo und
hold not only in Russia hut all over
the world. It would bo childish to expect that these financial powers would
releitMe their strangle hold on Russia.
In the fight against Bolshevism It
Is iiecoKsnry to make the people of
this continent believe thai the Soviet
form of government Is a complete fail-
urn, that the isomlionni mn lMfb.tr-
iani and worse, that ihey only "allow
jicoj-iii* in take a bath once a month."
ihat they kill from "litoodttrtrniinesM,"
that all their Institutions are crura*
blltin! and win soon fall to comploto
tteHirtiHliiii. The hews allowed to
come, out of Iiii inia Is nil to tho above
effect. Despite tie control of the
PfMs and the wir.'H, however, oeoaa-
nlonally then* «om«>H « glimpse Into
the real condition*. Trotsky end Urn-
Ine and other I»h<Iim hau> not been
MMMnln-HtMl as thn wuri would often
indleaUt; tlm iwniiln are not Miming
ittsaliixi tin- IWtKtif.iki form uf gov-
ftrnnwnl but iwm to he Kirenwlhen
ihelr   j-WivMi.   and   k^ivIIhk
cessation.
The leader of the opposition in parliament is also looked upon as one of
great authority. T).' D. 'MacKenzie,
like Sir Robert, is also a Nova Scotian.
Jus; about the same Unie that Sir
Robert was being born In Kings Countv, a Highland Scottish woman in
*Cajie_Breton^ county was fondling the i man,
Plutocrats!   Can you throw them out?
—SCOTT NEARING.
 o	
CLOTHING THE WORLD
The Boston Globe declares that the
machinery of government has shifted
from a political to an industrial base
"Directly it had declared war
against Germany," says this paper,
"congress became as a fifth wheel to
the coach. There was uo feeling
against it. There was only a general
agreement that if war-making were
left to that body, the war would be
made some time in 1923. -Tihe leisurely political discussion of peace timie
simply would not do. We all knew it,
and our administration machinery became, therefore, a group of quickly
improvised executive boards—food,
fuel, shipping, railroads, war industries, and so on, Instead of being politicians the men who have steere'd
the fortunes pt the country have been
a combination as odd as it was new;
a group of business executives skilled
in administartive detail, and, behind
them a group of highly trained technical experts with minds schooled in
scientific exactitude, who had hitherto
been known to the country chiefly as
'professors.' ln England it was the
same,
"This abrupt shift of government
from political to industrial machin-j
ery is no atcident. When those political formls of government were icre-
ated they fitted the social structure
of, the national life.. The alteration
of our political machinery lagged behind until the war caught us trying
to runji twentieth century industrial
nation with a political machine which
was, for the most part, constructed
in the eighteenth century.
"The stark necessity of war time
compelled us to abandon much of it
and set up an economic governmental
machine in its place. It Is not a
question of whether we approve of
whot happened; It is what did happen."
"This shift of public thinking from
the political to the economic is not
confined to governments. It has been
copied by the workers. The features
of the great strikes in England have
been their way of blandly ignoring
parliament—abandoning political action for "direct," or economic, action.
Similar tendencies are appearing here.
Modern society is no longer primarily political. It Is industrial and
commercial. It must be' handled as
such, Problems which governments
once' treated as political have to be
recognized as plain bread-and-butter
or business propositions.
 o	
A    PROBLEM    INTHE
FINANCING OF BIG 'BUSINESS
ducers of the foodstuffs we must purchase for sustenance, would bo content to get up at six in the morning
and work till noon and then call it a
day. "We are very much afraid that
bread and meat would cost considerably higher than they do now if they
were to follow that rule..
Aud as lor bringing about the new
ideal of somje of the miners by the
Russian method, we advise them to
hear Peter Wright before they introduce the Bolshevik system into Canada. There are at the present time
sixty thousand Russian workmen on
strike against the Bolshevik system,
and there are, six hundred thousand
on the point of starvation because of
it... '.*■'■',  "'.
Canadian soldiers did not fight for
such principles through the past four
years.
Editor, Lethbridge Herald:
Would you kindly allow a little -com-
mient .through your paper re. '^Radical
Plan of Six-hour. Day," as per your
issue of Feb..24. It seems to me that
the writer of that editorial is void of
fact and wide of the'mark in dealing
with this important question.
The Industrial- Workera of the
world oyer are in a state of unrest,
partly from the fact that they know-
have been taught from the war and
'partly from thefact that they know-
there is a severe inequality of opportunity existing between Capital and
Labor to the disadvantage to the latter. Your comment upon the ideal of
organized labor for long years past
for eight hours per day, should be the
consummation of that ideal. And you
are in doubts of mny pood or whether
the average man would be better off.
I will answer that qustion hy stating
I have known two counties) in the
United Kingdom where between 200.-
- -    . -- .      *.~A
TEN DOLLARS
WILL CARRY YOU
A LONG WAY
—IfO ■Ull-KT
earliest possible moment taken to the
kirk and christened by the Presbyterian minister.   The regular prayer was
said, the hymn sung and "D. D," made
a start in a troubled world.    As he
grew into manhood his parents hoped
that thev might make a minister out
of   "D.D/'but   he   developed    traits
which blasted their hopes.   They sent
him to college and he went into law
school and when he came out commenced practice near his birthplace,
He showed aptitude in his profession
and some of his "achievements" are
noteworthy   despite   the   fact   that
thoro aro many evidences of his bolng ablo to out fihyflt any shyster with
whom he *enme in contact.  He became
a "good fellow" and a connoisseur In
the varied products of the still,   .He
hail all the requisites for a successful
Cape Ilrotonlnn politician including a
gift o' the gab.   Tn the ranks of his
party in Ottawa he made many friends
and when tho break came in the Liberal rinks hoI held,close to tho Laurier faction nnd recently when the distracted Liutrlerltes tried to find a man
to hold down the seat which the grim
mnpor hnd mndo vacant they picked
on "1), IV hut nt tho same time they
hue taken earo to proclaim  widely
ihat It Is only n "temporary" appointment,   The good Presbyterian "D. I),"
like (he good 'MothodlBt H)r Robert,
will, we are sum, mueh appreciate all
the   prayers   that may  be   offered.
They both need 'em.
From the time a piece of leather
reaches a factory until the shoes are
finished and ready to be worn, the
labor cost on a single pair of welt,
lace shoes is thirty-six cents. The
Ujiited. States Department of Labor
has published these figures in a bulletin (Number 232). . This thirty-six
cents includes the wages of the fire-
the bookkeeper, the watchman
iAa-Au.nadntendfint.  as  well  as
-?*..*=.=*.-■*=■—* ^ . . 	
the wages of those who~hanuTe~t1ie'
product directly. The total1 amount of
labor timiei necessary to make the
pair of shoes is 86 minutes.
The figures, based on 1916 studies
in a number of well-organized factories, show how easily human wants
may be satisfied by means of the machine, The labor cost on a pair of
shoes Is thirty-six cents; the labor
time is eighty-six minutes!
Suppose that we were producing
Bhoes for use, and not for profit.
Imagine a world in which shoes were
made to protect people's feet, lt
would be possible for one man, working three hours a day to make at
least two pairs of shoes overy day he
worked. Grant equal efficiency in all
other industrlos, andthe worker*, on
n three-hour dny, could create enough
wealth to f**"J •'•
selves. In a six-hour day they could
create all of ths comforts of life and
many of Its luxuries.
Workers'. The world is yours. You
have made it. Each day you recreate lt. How loin? will It be bofore
you make yourselves masters In your
own houso?
PRE8IDENT TOM MOORE ANO THE
MANUFACTURER'S ASSOCIATION
Thoughts Aroused by the Advertisement of the Canadian Kecon
structlon Ass6ciation
The following letter appear.! in the
B.C. Federationist:—
"Upon looking through my evening
paper my eye has been arrested by a
four-column three-quarter page advertisement headed "Unity-Stabillty-Pros-
perity."   -Beyond* a little doubt as to
100 and 2">0,000 miners have worked
under the six-hour day system for
over fifteen years (i.e. coal diggers).
Your question as to tlvair being beu-jv
oft'Mentally is answered--YES. Since
the change in those counties from 12
hours to 10 hours; to 8 hours, and
then to 6 hours, has had a very marked improvement upon the miner's
mentally. Some of the best Labor
leaders of today comes from that!
part of the world, '.Men such as'Hon.
T, Bent (who was the father in the
British Parliament), Charles Fen-wick,
who previous to the day ot his election was digging coal; Wm. Crawford,
John AVilspn, Sam Calbraith, John
Taylor, Hon. G. II. Barnes, Hon. A
Henderson, and a host of others. All
of whom sprang from the working
classes to be members of parliament
with a record as clean and honest as
is possible to find.
In  the   educational  and  scientific
world their ivames are legion     M""
C OUN TRY folks would
come oftener to the eity were it
not for the heavy cost of railroad
fare. "Where the country has it
all over the city in many ways,
still there arc certain things to be
hud in the eitj* wliich cannot be
obtained in the country. Among
those„things is proper dentistry—
the kind that wc do—high grade
American Dentistry.   And this month wc will do your dental
work and save you ten dollars on every fifty wliich yoti would
spend at our regular fixed prices.   Is not that a good inducement? And remember
DENTISTRY AS WE PRACTICE IT IS A GENTLE ART
DRS. BRUNER, RICHARDS & NELSON
Lethbridge Office: The Ott Block
Calgary Office: 115a 8th Avenue East
Edmonton Office: 3 Cristall Block
SlSISIiiyEfinjjj!^^
" NORTHERN   HOTEL I
INVITES VOUR PATRONAGE |
Alberta readers of The District Ledger will find it to their |
advantage when visiting Pernie to stop at the Northern.  Thev I
■   ■> ■.-•■■■ ■ tlj
will find it cosy and home-like, I
HIGH  CLASS CAFE I
HUN ATROCITIE8 AND HOW
THEY 8HOULD BE REVENGED
Ini'
oi   i.u-
' »hoti'-
pmptnanda thromjli th* r««t
rop*>    Kvon V«m Uiixli'itburi;. n
we l*av«> ti*M>ril ko much, |« ulitrmiM
at   IU>|hIu.<v!mii   wost-
a» th« |»ro«r*M.
wnrd nn«l wwthwsrd
Jt la pcMMtthle the'  *hr»  *-">i»di
icweroniKfit »'»y ' v.-rlltrown
will   he    en    •Imwt
.. .    ,.,,«.*x*h«*m--r*   itltntM*   rtf
wnlth of th* wortrt but m>* *V»«'
With nil emphasis of which wo nro
capable wc (insert that we boliovo thot
thoso who woro to blame for tho Hun
HtroftMnn "hniili! b* piinlfttif>fl. That
there worn such atrocities cannot h«»
ihmlwl. At thn same tlmo wo would
not want to h;c the Wind pplrll of re-
vi-nKB ito so far as io forbid tlw beautiful I'rlnross Pat, whoso mother wns
born in I'otxdam I'alare, forbidden to
anain enter Canada. \V« do not mini
object to tho women of Canada having roconlly raised a largo sum of
monoy to purchase n wedding prosont
for lhe l»rlnwiit* much tin we may havn
sympathy fnr tho cry thnl It Is a slmmo
lo soo thoKfl alien ■»n«,tnl«s furry tunny
m much money on* nf Canada.
And HiMRaklim of wouMIiik |ir<wi»uti»
It in Intonating to notico in iho mud-
oty column* that I'rln**** l'at ro-foivn-l
a t'.mtf'M U%ht'*r from I'rlii'-Mnn Ar-
tHur nxid  olwrroilo  m*e*  torn   Iho
Count'.'*.** of Mln'n and Mr  nnd Mr*.
,.!. K. !., Iloftw    Sro in a ronl apor». Ih
!iho I'rtnro** and I! would ho orus>l to
iu!<U"   lwr tin nn nllon (-norm  lint ho
nm.....!.    It rnuno hor mothor wa» bom In 1'oK
,.,*   „„.,«„,.♦ I .ir.-* wtfii T.'iilona
tho onttml ——-,..*a*—-—.	
out
.-.nl, thr
ELKO CPOCI« WANTS TO
1»m»h«vl»tn -cannot Ik- *«n»pn . „„«.„ .-«,,,-. H,«..,*. ..
i5o«r?nil m! *#pH*lf«m mm b* dolayefl | KNOW ABOUT DISTRICT It.
hnx It futwot b» pnnr*H»t"l. j
, **_****—<v~—--«-"-*—• prt>(j *-|l(m  v,-^f> W(t ,in)*)prB<)in^ {„ ft
■   ■■  r- r- '   .. ^     .-....,-., V - ...   t *   I,,,*      ,,,
* mt **m ******* fu<v mwvw
IN AUTHORITY OVER US  Elko, ani it writer of ability isiysi     *>|
1 ■Jim Thintlob-oak »»>•-». It th» For-;
nlo Fro* frem I* any rrll-frinn to to
hy, m«n In Fornlo mn»t havo swap-
1»M Iholr bn-rk bent* tor * hsm«
ulrap, and tho tn4t*m, tfitid HI'-**
Th«*wl nre but tor abl« to hindlo
*hit iff.'H i!'!'">'fnn ihin 'b~ -vi'** or
l»ii%trK! H. whortw in h-«<|o* lh«'>
at* "
Per t't'A'n Informaltn« wt* micbt
»«>• that !>|#trt«t l*. ovor whMi h« in
xottrled. I» ■ffirRftAi'M <4 th* 1*t,4v of
men wb<» omrtci trom ihp minis* ot Ai
l«rt» at**-'* HrHts.li Co'nmM*
mnl whlrh l» *im h a valuabte
Thet* aro many pmd folk* who lm* i
Unto It to be onr doty lo pray r^rnj
tarljr everx Bund-ny for thme "who|
hme finthorltr otw «».** Thl« la n^t j
% r> tigiouMy tn-liui-.l Jn.iif.-.A'. \,x ■>■•• \
nt* rf-adv to *dmlt liut «u*tb prny»'r»
+x\.   ...a !.   r,  '"1--1      tt'tioU   thii   --
thr
It Id Interesting (o road In Tho Montreal Star of tho Manufacturers' Association banquet al which Tom Mooro
Monro, prenldt'iit uf tho TrntloH and
l-fllior CongrcHH of Canada, wna the
chief Hpwiikor and guowi. Outs mlitht
havo thought that ln tli ono daya of a
progriKHlvo labor itiovotuont Tom
would tdlhor have declined tho Invitation ta tlu banquet or, having accepted it, taken udvantagu of tho oc-
cuiiiuii lu ivilic . f''.w ■ of th" ii'ptri*
liouK of tho workera. ln«itond of doing
«o ho doHCoiidod to tho most xervile
llatlury.
Tom Ih one of tho nafo, t»ams intol-
ligont and rrmponnibln irtules union-
Mt, ho my* so hlmsolf Ho boliovo*
In a lull moiiHiiro of co-oppratlon between iho omplovcr and tho employed
and that «h«»lr intoreisU »ro In common. Ho bollovoa in tho Hon nnd Iho
lamb lying down together with novor
it bit of fenr on tho pnn of iho Inmb
tHI.t it. might mako n tasty bit for Mr.
Mnn.
Onn Mtviriblo pari of Tow'* plon in
tho ronnufascuiiwr wan fill' ««npport
ticiilnHt hi»no-<lry loglitlatton. Tho only
danger bo «n*, m .!»« s-urfkiT.*. war
Iho ixMHiblUty of tho IMnhovlkl ag|
Intorw pri'vailtiiK upon ihom lint ub-
«tlnonot» from alcohol wan in IMr in-
torogtH. Tlu ro 1* no doubt but what
Tom wnn woll primod with h«s ilium
pagiio for which Iho mnnufncfurorp"
banqnoti ai* not«d. ll» wna ch-Mred
*' ' ftfr. i*..*™*****florae* wt*t*
tirn*i\*r incnnmroil for »«t noi Kom
ih« hoail M \tx*' u'rtti*-* »*„i .'.,.■;..•■*.'
roiiKrok». of Canada, the perHcmlflonM
mHom ot all that waa brainlcm and
Iwat In thi*i Utn,T my\omoiu in thin
country.
Whito Tt*m MntiTt* in at I ending bnn
<i«oi« mui <'.*rn-MtuM >*>r> .*.9.*~*, . ,
idem of th#» rongro««, P»«My IHrnpor,
tho mscrolary,)« over In En-mi* na thc
gn«it of tho government hobnobbing
wiih Ram ciompcru and olhpr "Iwl-
i»rii" of iho worker*, fn Iho monnilmo
ih« inomb«»r» ol IHKtrlct I* and olhor
tirpmi**4 work*r» In C»n»<» ar** ron*
ib<»  4'iii'nU  ■■''
what'migHTBe inten^a~WTireTOTontt
word, tho heading' looked good and I
read to Hnd that I was being invited
by the Canadian Reconstruction Association to "Build up the home market," and the ".Ma&e-inCanada" movement.
With both these ideas I found myself in sympathy*; as Ideas, but with
tho methods ot building up and reviv-
Ing suggested in the advertisement I
do not find it so easy to align myself.
I am informed in the ad that "durlpgl
the fiscal year ending March 31, 1918'
Canada exported products othor than
those classed as "munufactures,"to
thevalue of more than $900,000,000."
and that "If even on-Mhlrd of these
products hnd lieen manufactured in
Canada and then exported, the manufacturing 'processes would havo given
employment to 150,000 more work peoplo. Provided an additional $110,000,-
000 for salaries nnd wages. Increased
tho value of Canadian factory products by $225,000,000."
At tho foot of the advertisement
nnd presumably therefore vouching
for tho correct ness of the statements
mndo. aro tho names of fourteen men
composing Iho executive. Scattered
among Ihem; "promiscuous,llko," are
lords, sirs, hon^., and ono K.C. giving
tbo Impression thnt the exe.cut(v« Is
composed of all the picture cards In
th» |  <V and the joker.
Howov-ur, what Is worrying me
iboul tho wholo thing is whether or
not I should asslcl In llw* manufacturing of this $300.oo»,noo of products.. In-
c ron no their vein* hv $;2r..OOO,Ono of
which sum $110,000,000 will bo available for Mslnrk-s end we««' ,('""■
- .»i" *..■(...1, ?   t nm onlv a low-
salaried man my«e1f to whom llftv
bucks la n wholo lot of money, t am
consequent n little handicapped
tvhon It comes lo considering n problem, ■4,-i-T'b o* H'e nbovo. 1 am qulto
prepared therefore, lo be called a
*    ■ --  • ask why In Ihe
mw*^    «.w    --,_.- :*M0ll
who have won the highest honor and
distinction that is in-the power of the
■.•Ui' h Nallon to give; and have also
become authors and efficient v
upon subjects allied to the department of their trades. In the religious
sphere you can find a very large percentage amongst these miners who
have passed stiff and, comprehensive
examinations to become leaders of
^h«u«tlit_aad_Jai_2^££b2£2. ln
thoir
ALWAYS OPEN
own pdrtlcuIw^iurcEesrwinc^tJnitigp-
that will compare favorably with men
of   University   training.     Physically,
these miners, are noted the British
Isles over for their robust, sta'.wnrt,
build and endurance and as strong
morally as physically.   If the editor
could drop into some of the mining
towns or villages at service time on
a Sunday morulas and witness the
children being taken by the parents to
the various  Methodist Churches his
doubts ns to the good that can be accomplished by timo for mentality and
spiritual culture would be entirely dispelled.   And this Influence Is not laid
asldie when tho miner puts on Ills Sunday garb.   It ls taken Into the mine
(1 could relate some very striking and
Interesting Incidents ot what happens
dally) and put into practical operation,  I would strongly advise you, Mr.
Bd-ltor, to pause and think before yon
throw any aspersions upon mon who
are trying to Improve their position.
Not by Russian methods or Uolshcv-
Ism ond put them in thc class of ibi*
scums of tho earth,   I venture tj say
you do not know the time a minor puts
Into the performance of a days work
of eight hours ln the mine.   And bo.
sides, 1 would ask you with what relish will a person hnvo for mental Improvement xitiur having glvon the best
of his niiei'ijy and oxorted himself In
the production of coal for eight hours,
amidst the various foul Rases and dun
 u„„0 nf itl» working
I License No. 10-1770
J High GLassJDay-and Night-Oafe-in Connection	
m
I European and American Rates. See Us for Special Bates
1 Phone 29 Private Booths   -
re1
lEJSIfflBJiMSIiMQ^^
*crou," TIT*?Tcoovloxlm bad you
place? I *«* * mill vour ©<UtnrW
Bono throinh ^«",!";,1 Cont strain,
would havo 1'wnjn » {'J«J^ Tto«
Put ag»l» vo* «™/f JJJrSnlion*
,ho world o^'V'ViShor. 1" «»• art'
Letter ^3U^U»t principle of
jurtmotit of t"**--#7,„,|v» Tho Min-
•iMiiiallty of oPff*""^ wUh nil th«
tiv«r»KU "'V,^ inrtivldUilMMI vb'«*'»»
thick-head when I mh why in .no I The *»«« ■« ^' ha„ {wm KFo*n-
mien nean  v» I n,,,,,0 Bm \ lo!democracy encouraB«» «Prson«
„„,„« of nil t>t i» ri*_r...*.t,„ „ nrn.ijy B,niwd by Hupwrln i* ik«m w not
DOWN GO PRICES ON ELECTRIC BULBS
A SPECIAL SALE FOR A SHORT WHILE
10,15, 25 and 40 Watt Laco Lamps $ .40 each
60 Watt Laco Lamps
60 Watt Nitrogen Lamps
100 Watt Nitrogen Lamps
.45 each
1.00 each
1.40 each
The Laco Lamps are guaranteed for 1,500
hours against 1,000 hours of any other lamp.
FERNIE OPTICAL PARLORS
h<»lp In a scheme which while It provides lMi.Oflft of mv fellowmen with
the chnnc of sharing that $tifl.o<Mi,.
f»W> (and It Is only a ehaneoi wtll mont
ii«miredly add to Ihe remaining HIS.-
Oftft.OWt of the Increased valuo (more
Ihin t»4 per i-witl lo thp unearned
pilo of some i»er*on or bunch of persons not mentioned in the «dvertU»-
T.ient.
if vou ihlnk my (ine*t!nn worth an-
tt-ivt-rln* but nnfnrhniniely find yourself iwhle lo deal with, mm 1 mh
on. ttr  vditnr to lw so kind »« to
pflKH   il   tlWtit
Yonr* tndr.
Ml!*!*<»l*HIAN
ly amiwH «*. »™,.,	
of high bmln powor, but there in noi
n single abuse which has grown np
under the pr-ese-nt nystem that cannot
be wired by a aevero application of
ihjit nrnii old remedy "Voir Pacini and
No Kovor," An equality of opportunity we want and w«* must work In thc
future town«•««■■ '  "
e«; and to create tin fnr as possible
by good lawn an m\ml opportunity
which will glv-e w» belter homo life;
better vdMcul'onal facilities; belter
living wages and t>b(,ru,r hours.
These are ihe underlying ihought mo-
(lives, ••pfsmtniim nnd t.".n* *t organ-
it.*d Ubor In onr ennveniloiw, and
1* iftltt-n lii the future that
iiSiaslMiuaaua^^ feaiuDi^BJGasfflMBJ^^
 .—.—r*~
CRITICISM OP LtTHtRIOOt
HtRALD IOITORIAL
nu-nt to the effort* of **T\.   '   \, «h.»
E ^,
a     oTT n% V^ Ai
Sole Agtnt for the ?tm tot
Lethbridge Brewery Products
Heat Wliolosnle Prices to'he Trade
GET  OUR  1BI0I8  ON  ALL  TEMPERANCE  DRINK*
toii.Noteh Friccii I'nid for Bottle*
fc. PICK, "The-Bottle King"
The Alberta Hotel
lllainnore, Albertu
:V.:i hi l.i.yll-ti!t.i!kli •'».• *,!:f ''l.'.'i !aJt.i.-i.!'|*i'ill ythtSAl'ti'tytSjAASIl t ■ *i
nn* lmixriomtie*»t
S8HHBHH9
I-**
"tithUttiti," u)iw itr«u*r,* n- art*
laid «r»» of "mnrh avtll," chould m»fco
,,nptA profet* m? * fn^djy but * &»tty,
yen an hour!, dovntlnn'
* Who tnm tb*** m*n who ar* In *■•
jfc-r»Tfl!»- wtrt w*'t If w* l*w»v «i *h* top,
wm mmi mmtm.nm with th* prent«r
A:}*UAr,<-, FiV   '.".",Vi
T<s The nintrh-1 l^edlter-
Coiill you And *one* to publish the
folio*unit l«*u.r v.i*j»ti ha* bun rejected by the I.cMibrldae Her»ld. Tho
edllorlal ll crltlclneii Jn tin follow*;
r*   ' ...... ,1 ,■ ..
**.*,..      ,*„„%.,„     9.,,      'i-f-^—l ,       ■■■..'■■.
nt* df-bfiln* »h«i4h*r ot not ihey*
fthftll d-eimnd * tlx-fcirar day In their
new -contract with th* mine own«r«,
Tho Wwtl for whl^h anr*nli«d labor
had fourhi for long year* ban bw»n tn
eight-hour day, lhe division of lh* Jl
hour* bolng night hoar* for wor*.
irilmllnjE regularly i<> ib« luwi* **: ,**i%bx h*t\*t* t**t piny -.txd etitht tuuirt
th* Trade* and Ijihor Congrww of for alee|», ami thl* h«1 romn to b«
■> ni..*>irt U U. *ii, Vtiiiiil r 'N" *' bn« | r.trt :\,1.-r*l t ntviv 1n\r division the
ln-i«.iiM. tn«-i^Htri- lo mil Itigeihf-T » j mrrld n\w.
we*tf rn ronferenre to dl«ctt«i «h* #<«• \.» .i!i«t lhe Ottta-O tOOO wonld !•*
■«■» --»f th* Tr*i|«»* *»4 \jatm -Tr-mr*** \my •*•«. *? «4t tn *•/ war. iswd'illjf.
Thl* u it*(n« wriu^n ln-fn-w the f**i* j rhrsl-t-atf/ or niorntU, wid'ir ih* *lis
Wib   vl*a»ant «owiort»»« •<
• 112VfiaSw'"riw ••« mptr*
.til \% MM IB a 1I«« ottb m\"hen-
!im V^a^i S?li* roarmikwi **•»
MMaMMMM
THB  BLAIRMORE
1TAL1AW.BBLQ1AN
SOOXBTY
OOOPIRAT1VB
nrt* tt*
.1  li
n. good t»tna*m*, *. -.. .
ihla ot any part o4 th«* warld.   To \
charge thaao men with Iwlng in a lln»
with th* rovolntlonary Meu* awl m*
Ing lluimlan method* U, to My lh •
leant, cowanlly and mean.
th* l#»tltbrldg* *l*rald
•*»-«   ~laMa
►fa  ill 'th*< Thl* u h^ing wriu-wn ih inn- ,-*** ■■•     .,,,;-„,„,.  „,   ,	
ite a«tii«t to j ern conff rmre haa ronr*n*d and we, |,,-mr tmy «««M ha%* in he pimm Ik-
■**i an idr&'.dn imt 'i»S»i m U-etm* tm>ti4»*it* b«* »r»f»«tt eemtt tnmt »lt» porular fav«»':
r  ffi-M-  ip-;. m-t* r^inntit retrain tmm mtporoatoo    fcSTh»rc ta an old WW* rnlWig thar  a
■tm ikov nva'Antnlnn that from tb" *rml*r*e*• i»   m*n «h5»»ii *atm *»*>» hi .-.I L, iU«, -4 ■-,'&'
In Ihla waa* ■*»» ».>.*—	
1* fh* nnwrtmtm. f haramt th* mlnara
with Russian roe'.bmU »>.v*l -»;Ufi bringing ia iv>i»bevi«n to Canada
mi* MMtmi]
\
the war it over, Imt the Italian-Belgian Cooperative Society
ia aiill wxtrirttr mrnr nwnxnnl. hi*»h nnt) raiorh^lmxl r»rt**«. ('nmn
in and inspect our stock of Qroeerien, Flour and Feed; «!tm
received a larfe ahipment of Dry Gooda, Union Made, Under*
wear, Boota and Shoes, Etc.
We invite you to become a member and do buxiness with and
for yonmlf.
Save yonr pehnies and the dollars will take pare of them*
selvea.
Lictnae Ko. 1*1(814
THE   BLAIRMORE  ITALIAH BELGIAN   CO OPKRATIVB
SOCIETY
PROFITS tfttAK RieORD
tbmm pgo«iae«a.   They ha	
XomlBtflly. Of ermr** we tOmmmt mem-, \p*.h*p*  Ptwl   uul'   tMult  ffi-T  ir.-;*** finest retrain tmm mtpmmtnn    *mi*re x* mm oro m*"- !.***«-, ...™*  -■
m*nm wffi U» K*l«g.   It waa Lord i mintak*n» that aa prod«t*i-r» they »r#'oi»lnIon that from tbn eotirerenc• n 'm*^ «b5»»ii *atn h*» ****t <>.l {., iu«, »■*i'vJ [    .VRIV  YOtlK    f*r**i4i>nf   fnrtmtdl
ihrttn who wrote In "The Vision of of comliferaM* Importaw*, In 1**1frvi»r*f* th*r* arm emm aonolhl»gIt*f hi* t»i»v   Cenalnv th* ptmm •*« »f jol th* K*ll>-8t»i»«fliU Tire cora|Miw|
inmemtfO." of »«>r«  imnortance  fo  th« *ou«"r " '  **» «ni*id  wilh  America anil  tit* pWJker« of fhe**|report* that earnfntr* last ?*ar w*r*l
"Cloil *•▼• Ifc* King—-%jr *•«»*• W' than ih* lawy-tr* *"4 m'*'*'*-* *** «•»•"«•»» T*»"< *»«*•>*« i***** tw*rt*r a«4
w*t» o *l*niB»a *eomemy la Ooi J haalr*?* and *»*« th* »»w11 ,r*4t** * f*» *thmr u*****- 1*0*** with wh-^h
'   f*aa-m Hk»HV*!" 'daaa of wbdtb Vr*d 1* a worthv m -s- ran.** t% aim. wm s* h*>i»«H into
Of ttMMM. law* Bytoo waa^apoak- her.
it*,.
*Xt9, t*l4\*l*m 1***" tn rtrttty 4**i*ra**.
t •■  t Iwltt ipo country !r   t.f jthe graat««t In thn comrtany* hUror. j
nt *t U af tAfOhtm md ht • • »t 1 Aftar an  -rharp**. tnerpilnt tntm*. \
<n*;   K Icrta a *ay.   *»♦' dnnht ci*  w*m wad* th* *om|»ny announce* a|
mach wheth** the fanaata. tfic pro- cicur i«M»8t of ttMiSft.
t ______
Subscribe to The District Ledger
X.SI.1 lil ..lit,. l..ll.:' I:.t.':.t.!.i.^.Jiij..Ij_
..ri£ijj...t. :i...,t.:...!..:. l„l_..!.-..liiiill;.l.
^ *£))#*•*■ i JjH**f. ' \
^>;r^w¥w»^KWH»^r. t^s^mrnrnT*^,^^-
rjpr*r^9-ats
FERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
1
PAGE PIVB
LOOK!
Fire!
LISTEN!
NOW is the time to protect your property against fire
BIG REDUCTION of Fire Insur;
he City of Fernie.
Call and get rate of your property,
•   ^BI£.RER?CTI0N of Fire Insurance rates on Residential Property
in the City of Fernie. r    J
M. A. KASTNER
General Insurance
FERNIE NEWS
For Sale:—PIANO in first-class condition, cash or terms.   Price $225 00
Apply Box AV., care of The District
Ledger.
Eggs for Hatching
.Single comb Buff Leghorns and
Barred Rocks. $1.50 per setting.
Heavy winter layers. Two ,Buff Leghorn cockerels for sale,—Joe Turner,
Hand -Ave,, West Pernie.
• o—*—-— ■ '
Range Stove^Brick lined foeatfer,
and household furniture offered for
sale at bargain prices. All new. Apply at once to Mrs. David Herdman
28 Bethune Ave., Fernie. 31-32
Carnol is here!—Who is Carnol?
See -Bleasdall, he will explain. It leads
them all. Will have some on tap
Saturday and a nice wine i;lass to
sample it with.
Carnival—On Friday (this evening)
au ice carnival will be held In the Kernie skating rink. The management
is making preparations for a kwge attendance. The ice is in good condition and the evening promises to be
one of the surprises in the way of cos-
*umes.   Prizes are being offered.
Government Officials Here.—Norman'Moore, chief forester, Cranbrook,
and William Guthrie, deputy assessor
and collector, of the same place, were
in Fernie yesterday in connection with
their respective departments.
►♦♦♦♦♦
♦
GLADSTONE LOCAL NOTES ♦
♦»»♦»♦♦»
St. Patrick's Day—The 17th of
March, ('Monday next) will be fittingly
celebrated in Fernie. On that evening
the Loyal Order bf Moose will give a
St. Patrick's day dance in Victoria
hall. A number of house parties are
being held to commemorate the birth
of Ireland's patron saint.
The United Chuch-—Rev. C. E. Bat-
zbld, ■'minister,-. -Services* Sunday,
March IC, 1910. 11:00 am. "Food for
the Journey;'" 7:30 p.m! "Ia the Grip
of 'Manhood;" 2:30 p.m. Sabbath
School. Hearty services with special
music in the evening. A cordial iu-
visitors and welcome to strangers and
visitors. Come and' enjoy the services,
Police Court News—The harvest of
lines in Magistrate Whimster's court
for tho week, amounts to $85.00.. A
Russian, found carrying about a small
arsenal of arms, was run in and relieved of his battery of one gun and
in addition to losing his portable artillery, he contributed $43.00, to the
«xchequer. Two over-iindiilgent devotees of John Barleycorn were induced to contribute $23.00 each to the
city treasury which they paid,* and,
supposedly, they charged the .nmoitjv'
jup to co.st of temporary hilarity
FERNIE MAN WINS
PROVINCIAL PRIZE
Annual Meeting of Looal Poultry Association Most  Enthusiastic  in
History of Fernie Chicken
Fanciers
tho   annual
Poultry and
Thursday   night   last,
meeting  of  the  Fernie   i-uuurj   aim
Pet Stock Association was held in the
city council  chambers with  a large
attendance of members,   The meeting
ing in point of number* and enthusiasm was the largest ia lha historv of
t'he   association.    After   the   -■-'-•■
business of the evenih
posed of, A.  M
IPopular Pastime — Snow-shoeing In
and around Senile during the past
•winter has been rather late. Up until
the past couple of weeks the "going"
has been anything hut good. Hhwever,
last Sunday several parties were out,
Including "Slim," tho barber, who organized a party for a hike up Cedar
valley. A bevy of the fair sex, with
male escorts, wended their way as for
ag the bridge, whero "Slim," wbo is a
past master at the art of atory-telling
and hand-reading, entertained his
guest*** He Is making still further
ocorts for a larger crowd on the next
hike,
Presentation by Rebekah's—-Mrs. E.
Price, past noble grand of the Bather
Rebekah lodge, Fernie, who will be
leaving Femle for Lethbridge within
tho next few days, whore ahe will
mako her home, was presented with
a cut glass cream and sugar act as a
token of appreciation for hor serviced
during her connection with the Re-
hoknh movement In this city. The
lodge expressed regret at Mrs. Price's
departure from Fornle. After tho
presentation which wan mnde hy Mrs.
T. niggs, past noblo grand, tho holl
wns clenrod and a danco wna hold,
aftor whlrh n mimp*.uo\i« repast was
The Fleishman Cup—The Fleishman
enp has mado many trips botwoon
Fornle and Cranhrook, The competitor* for this trophy believe in tho old
mlxltn of "turn about In fair play."
Roth team* aro manoouvorlng so as
to have tho cup In their respective
towns when n spall of -soft weather
•will hold tho silverware, (hsonw Ho-
Kartht Is praying for more luck and
-oft \vf,iiht>r, hut he *i»om» to bo on
iho wronn side of thn fence, Un
claim" Mmt tlwhmor'* tonm plays In
the lieut or luck and says Tam Spiers
or nn.v other chlcl couldnn write It
up.
routine
ha/1 beon dis-
--. — .... lleat.fi", of Waldo,
gave an interesting address on poultry cul tm re. He drove home the nit-
repeated statement that to start with
other than standard breedo was a
grave mistake. There was no room
in the poultry world for scrub chickens, and especially in ICasi Kootenay,
where poultry culture had dsvoloped
so rapidly during the past several
years. His remarks were-listened-to
with most earnest attention and at
the conclusion he was accorded a
hearty hand. A. B. Trites, anotner
fancier of chlchens',, expressed his
surprise at the interest manifested
in poultry husbandry in the Fernie
district. IHe believed the industry-
should be encouraged in ev'ry conceiv-
able<> manner and premised hb hearty
co-operation in behalf of tho associu.
tion. ;
<}. A. iBonalhe, an ...enthusiast who
-w4ll—make—ait^-efforfc—to—sAyeftg—tha.
decks at the next'district, show,; outlined a programme of progrc.3* for the
coming year.
At the next regular meeting of tho
association, iMr. Frod Clapp will give
an interesting address, dealing with
a subject timely lo this particular district. His subject wlU.be: '"■"Poultry Diseases—Prevention and (Jure."
A gratifying feature of the meeting
was the signing up of a number of
members for the local association and
tire*securing ot twenty-thrio members
for the British Columbia Ponltry Association, the parent organisation.
FERNIE WINS HONORS
Mr. A. Hancock, of Fernie, hnr proven himself to bo the mont energetic
worker In the province In the interest of the poultry industry. For hia
Industry and progrosslvencss In no*
Biirtng the largest number of members
for tho association, the provincial
government poultry dewrtmmt has
awarded him first prize lu tho provinco and Iras handed over to lilm an
Incubator and hroooder.
A demand for pure bred poultry ox-
tits In tho East Kootenay dWrli',
particularly In and arounl I'ornic.
This fact was borne out v i u vo
i-nictfH for birds were coming in and
the orders wore unable to be tilled.
Last Sunday afternoon, the Reconstruction Committee, a deputation
from the G.W.V.A. and the City Council niBt in the Council to finish tne
Vancouver resolution, which va-; culling for the deportation of alien enemy,
natrualized or otherwise. It again
brought a grisat deal of discussion,
and an amendment from the Mayor.
On this being put to the vote, it lost;
T. Uphill, Alderman Hunter, Alderman Rutledge, A. B. Trites, B. K.
Stewart and H. 'Martin voting for it.
The Vancouver Resolution was then
put and carried.
;.**. With the (coming of spring and this
last fall of snow, let all workmen going
to and from one North, one South and
B. north, be on the alert for snow
slides. There is a great amount of
snow in the hills.
The  following communication  was
sent to  the  Minister of Justice  at
Ottawa:-—
Hon. Sir:—    .
There has been a .mlovement inaugurated in this Province in regard, to
Uie deportation of Aliens. Woud you
be good enough to give this ollice an
answer to the following questions?
'■].,' Has the Dominion Government
a definite policy with regard to alien
enemy or otherwise?
2. What is the status o f an enemy alien that has been naturalized?
3. What is the status of children
born in this country of naturalized
enemy aliens?
4. Are Russians of any part pf the
Russian empire in 19)4 classified as
enemy aliens?
5. What i3 the status of German
Americans, or English of German extraction residing at present in Canada?
7, Will the Government give muni-
cipalltes, or other bodies notification
of their intention?
An*early reply will bo esteemed a
favor,
(signed) H. Martin,
Sec'y Gladstone Local Union
We are of the opinion if this had
been done some time ago, a great
deal of argument and unfriendliness
would hfevo been avoided.
Speaking to the Secretary the other
0
i
Saturday Matinee
at 2.30
ORPHEUM
THE HONK OF GOOD PICTURES
Saturday Nights  a
First Show at 7    '
Friday and Saturday, March 14 and 15
MARGARITA FISHER in
"Money Isn't Everything"
RUTH ROLAND in the 4th chapter of "Hands Up"
HAROLD LLOYD in
"TwoGunGussic"
Tuesday, March 18
Vitagraph Five Part Feature
Comedy
Monday, March 17   -
■■■'*     EDITH ROBERTS in
'''Set Free" five part Bluebird
Vengeance and The Woman"-chapter 11
Comedy
\
Wednesday and Thursday, March 19 and 20
i
MARY MACLAREN in
"The Vanity Pool"
Six Part Special Production
the'"'Free' Press said about him. He
said; "sure." Well, what are you going to do about It* His reply was,
"What should I do about it? that's
nothing: I would sooner have him
speak that way about me than sing
mean eulogy."
At the Grand Theatre on April 8th.
Ikey and"Ahey, Musical Comedy, recommended hv the United Producing
Company of Calgary, everyone will be
delighted In the funlosltles.
UKRAINIAN  DEFENSE
Below is a commiunlcation received
from Canmore Local Union which
speaks tor itself. And Gladstone Local Union thnnlni the brothers who
have glvon so generously of their hard
earned wagos. %
Canmore Alta., March 4th, 1919
Please lind the enclosed money order for $50.00 alfto names of those
who hnvo contributed towards heU-
Ing to defray tho expense of $440.00 as
atated In your letter of Feb. mh.
X, P. Thachuk ..
iM.KUnk 	
•M. fl. Xykolalchuk
I). Sinrcharuk	
A, Prapaka	
P. Kluema
?.(»0
2.0'l
ii.Ofl
r.on
2 HO
2,Ms
Juit a Gtantlt Hint-—Sonic w«wks
ago wi» warned lhe Femle Free 1'rot.a
thtt it. mmt ko«i» flu rfoiw ont of the
DUtrltt Itedper'n hiwlnetw other-ivtae
wo would lw for-end lo tell th* ntory
of the guy who collec^d money to
huy n tiutthtnu nun which wiw never
bought and of how n llirpatotifd tw*
netmnm wnn neceanar/ l«eforc the
mon-fy wna refunded. And Hull Ih not
the onlv anvory corner of a reputation
that mifht be opened up II it Iwwmwj
noeenwr t» do no. If the Free 1»«M»
worn nt amlont ma th* p»>'t»ir of It*
own hllli nn It It orer Th*» Witflrt
IMpet'n dividend* It intah' bn m*
to have what llltt* P»wr \t f;*ff**f".
come without the obbin'Mist TOU;
mark, Horn* day tliat man n III rn «w
"real neevod"* nnd when The DUlrlct
l*d**t»a prlntefn dm.I *rt» lhi*mb
,.,.r,,t9ti-,t9 nn the otilee wo will tend
him mm to ImuhI th« m .»i«« * *««••»*>
.1      ......      u1.   '*    X',    T-I't"*****
ot ynbn un in*. •'.■<*-• *i     •'   ■ ;■   ys..^
in ihnwllng into other p*ipMfc atrnlw
The  Matktd  Oii»c»—Followem  of
the TVrplechoreen «rt thoroughly en-
\mt-4 «h* m«*k«4t ball niven Wednea-
day evftiilnn m \i«**wiii* ■**»*, ui-**..*.
character from thn humble Ifanlabevik
to the tartoy millionaire oom wvw-
•ented. Tlie munle, provided by »n
eight-piece orrtiMdra, wan entranelnf
and pro»Med * programme of perfert
daueo wtwrte. Ita dukrt lama, work-
fr-* In wtth the «reat moving pano-
rams, landt»d to ihe »mw»t *4 tlw
night. Thew wat an outpotiriut of
tht* IVnuuUu. Knutcr, rnvmaioiHi*
•very phaii« of life. There were
vena* w»M«. old iwiMa. Wlebiw nwtlda
and partor mt&n. fWd m*% who a
few Aoyo ago were fttll of rtiemnatifa.
forgot tti*fr «fi ■«* ttfmpm tb» lAbt
tnotntmr l« mt *l*. « *»* ••«•••
fT,, r„r th* rtmoo uud a»ery da«*»r
felt the W«kw1 «t fimh ™*i*h*i
ibmrAi W« m tm tbm. Tte* frtw
yioMM   *it*rt*i     94\»*   U.   ^'h^tr-nl.
%*,..   j.   twtmt+m.   Mm   A,   VHcken.;
ttoomo. O. Ambouo, A. Molrte*! and
Tom Branch.
HE SHOULD BE PITIED AND
SHOULD NOT BE BLAMED
To .he Kdltor, District Udger:—
Can you tell mo what useful purpose
the Fornle Frco Proa* »ervo8 and glvo
a good and sufficient a'aaon why the
miner* of Kernie (should not run Its
Kdltor oui oi iuwn'1 Th>; w\y thhv
that I nee that It la publlHnel for Ih
to look nfter iho himlneaa of iilad»totie
Local.
Xow, >Mr. Kdltor. inaylw >»u dont
know thin Utile atory. It happened
qulti. a few Kar* ago Tlm name guy
waa "looking after (lladnlone Local's
bualneaa" loo much then, and It ao
happened that the miner* of Fernlo
were eacortlng aome acaba horn* fMin
the mine train during the big atrlke.
Well, all went well until ihla Hoc
Pr«a guy appeared on the tretx*.*.
tb% Wil down b^ lhe (VS. depot.
Well Mime of the miner* naw him com-;
Ing down Tbonipaon atreet audi
thought thia a good time to pny him
The secretary advised him to take no
steps until some new amendments 'to
the Workmans Compensation Act may
come into force, but he told the father
to go and collect, hut the Board had
placed a proviso on the cneck, whore-
by they could not collect unless they
signed the release. Thereby using
the doctor as a lever in forcing the
man to sign. But it did not come off.
The secretary again -told the claimant
to refuse it, which I am pleased to
say he did.
Now ;Mr. Editor, did you ever hit
aginst anything more juicy than that?
I wonder what the doctor's reply will
be to the Board.
FERNIE DELEGATE WILL
BE SENT TO MOOSEHEART
Loyal Order of Moose to Hold Great
Convention at the Home of
the Order In Illinois
'    ''■ ■' --..„j*?.~
Th© most progressive fraternal organization in Fernie is the Loyal Order of Moose which is constantly increasing its strength. The local body-
is now considering the appointment ol
a delegate to the great convention to
be held at Moosehc-art, theseat of the
noted home and school maintained by
the order.
Five cities of the Fox River vallley
section of Illinois, Elgin, Aurora,
all united in preparing what they
will endeavor to make the greatest
celebration of any kind ever held in
any one section of any state. The
occasion will be a Peace-Victory Celebration in conjunction with the thirty-
first annual supreme convention of
the I.-oyal Order of Moose. For an entire weak, beginning Sunday, June 22,
there will be countless attractions for
the thousands of visitors, throughout
the length and breadth of the famous
scenic valley ofthe Fox River.
In order to create necessary interest in tho celebration, the committee
wm otf^^5rIzes^5^^B~TaTtt^Is-t^Kt-
ures, and a sura totaling $11,000 has
been pledged J>y'the.commercial clubs,
chambers of commerce and other interests. Tills amount is in addition
to the $10,000 provided by the Loyal
Order of Moose for the prize contests
Incident to their annual convention.
 ; 0 *   ■    ■ :
Miner's Wife Says-
i*,   r-unK'nm    ■        ;..
W. Sauchuk  i ••• \'W
II. Kl7.ema  ••■•• -.""
PhlHTMwuk  *'"
D. Sknkun   ]  ''
W. Kudafkn  ;■"
0<?o. Ukuata   "','
P. Iaaenko  J "
Horn iwaaluk  • • .
VV. Klluk   f"
AIM TOM  I'm
.Tohn I'ruullak  ;5""
Kick Uluk   J'"'
Tho*. Skakun  ,»-J™
Ixical  ..••■ ,-•■• *"
Your* for fredom.
llntr-i Kl''*'-w'%
X. I). Thachuk
Committee
Mr. Editor, thl*  l« rich.    Llaten:
•Little Peter Meanm got hit three
fingers of hl» right hand ru ««'* »»»••
niilm   I)* »>** mtor f«' »»• ^mPfln'
III. Tbla la what *"•«»««*;.
no; I nm wrong It la aent to the Hw
Moot***. *\™« «»tb n £««* *JJ
forty-eight doltara and *»«»■*'»«*
centa.   lU«l«w la the commun!rgtl«i»
Workman* Comp*n«8tl«>f Hoard
February 3rd. ll»13
Mr, Peter Meaura,
.  -,,-      , I    Pernie, W.C,
for bit aervlcea.   That »»   tm^nt ot
t**t other pwplc'a hualneta," and m Dear «r. j .,
It v.me about that he got. bla ear* » - y^' ^ . f»,t 1'„lWerina
ruffed «nd *l*o tbe irad* m«k* of a     The Monrd otter fully f«n"Jt'*'m*
CSLkK dogg on ihe rt of hi. your riilm   l» E^JTJS*.?!
•panta.'     He.   howevw,   «lutKeA   W»,nn*l »*«^ "".»«*•"   "   *ZJlm\
Knt+opy on a rig which atnod by |h« Unnent   P«r»»»»   ««W «*>   ^"Ji?"
store Umw. If« bad not been for ibt» | rrom lni«r» to VW !»•»»».«" f»»°* H
.:* '- !■■-'•I*""'"'" y *"*'* m*v ww wft,,Wl    i*«*--n**mi ie eaah Un addlllon 1
-heat* been bothered with tbla pmi* v*i      w Bmounu ptextwtmu *»<*■»
Mr
Mr. Editor:—I have been having an
awful time with my man. 1 didn't
want him to even suspect that I would
havo tlie nerve to send anything to the
papers. Said he; "What Aw waa lulling you last week about how they iun
thi* town; I'm sure I never told aa>-
body else, and, here 1 seo it all printed
in tho blasted papers. A line thing,"
ho roared, "how tun 1 ever going to
get a good job otl'a 'Ikirncy' if .sou ko
and yap to everybody what I say about
the 'creek.' And he went im just l!k*>
a crazy man. So when he ijuiton^d
down a bit; I Bald: "'are you the only
mutt that's trying to get papers? Arc
you the only digger that'H dlg*.!iiK
coal In his dreams? Not on your life,"
i uhouu-d, "why Mr«, Urmvn, wst
door, says Just tho other night drown
jumpe. out of tho bed hollering that
ho'd forgotten to check the car:--and
bo's sure nome blasted 'wop' would
claim it. and besides, 1 told him how
many ilmea ho hud thrown «lur« ut
our family; and ns ow tho Trottora
never had lhe education or aenae ol
the Lunns- and how did ho think na I
could write anyhow," Oh; tin* how
eiiay thc mm an- to bluff, and why
ahouldn't he think that *Mr*. Ilrowti, or
Mr. Editor, as IMrs -Brown says; "Bart"
laughed his head off, for they argufied
two hours, as to how: Wheii a Oerman ain't a German. Old man Itu-
denski butts in with 'how can a
cheek)' Slovak be a -German, but
another fellow says, 'Sure lie can-
when he's an American. Here the
'loot' chips in with a 'Gents our position Is plain. If a cheeky Slovak is a
Russian or a Bohemian or even a
Turk,.or even if he's married to a 'Fi-
for,'he is johnny-out-of-luck, because
he is a German.' Fred Perry was taking all this down in his little book;
and he winks with both eyes at the
Mayor who jumped up and sassed the
law, and, says Tommy'how oiten have
I heard my learned friend remark-
that it's better to convict ninety-nine
innocent men than to let one guilty
man skidoo.' This is where even the
''little wooden man" cackled with
joy.
"The chairman then says: 'Boys,
now we got to take a vote and being
as we-all doii't. want, you to see how we
are voting it's only common courtesy
to, ask you to 'git.' Then all the
rongh-neoks went ont and had a meeting themselves In the hallway where
'Lanky' took the chair.
"Insldes the hall half of the geezers
wouldn't vote because they're qioing
to join the co-operative store, and the
rest all voted to go to 'the creek and
pull 'booms down on the Germans"
Now -Mr. Editor, this is what BarCy
Brown calls the straight stuff about
the meeting and, don't you think Bar-
ty beats our Dick all hollow in telling
a story. Well, I says to my ol' man
Dick: "When are all these construe-
lion men going up the 'creek' to get
'ellens' jobs?"
"Tliem fellows go to the 'creek!'
says Dick: 'Not on your life! But
wouldn't it be fun* to see 'Sunny Jim'
bossing an outfit like that!"
Well-, Mr. Editor, I forgot all about
the balance of the story until this af-
tprnnnti. whwi 1 -nn(l_Mr3. -Brown Went
up town—who 40 you think we met?
Why nobody but big 'Torn Hague,' he
just come back from France. My, but
how handsome he looks and I really
couldn't help but give him a sly wink
and he really winked hack, Tom has
the dandy cure for the 'ellens.* He
•iy*» tht-m is broiitslit them here ought
to be the ones to get shipped
out, which I heartily asxee with, Anyhow, as Harty says: "They didn't
stampede Tommy, he's going to run
his own lodge "
SALLY LUNN
*«_ 0 „
HILLOREST NOTES
On Friday. .March 7th, a masquerade
ball was held In the local union hall
with a fair attendance. Prizes wore
then for tho host dresed lady und the
best droned gentleman; also a prUo
for tho best comical dross. Winners:
Walter Roue, Gent's best dress, prlste
$8.i»0; M. Foster, Ladles' best dre$s,
prize n,<*<); T, Hnrr, <:oi!ilc%l Jew,
princ f.1.00. t
On Sunday"; March '.'th, a public
meoilil'g war, hold In ihi> union hull hy
ih»> Soelnllct Party of Ciumda; Speaker. ,1. KnlchL of Kdniontoti. Subject;
"ConBlructlon." A collection was u»k-
<>n at* the cloho which realized $;ti."7,
whiih npeakw for Itself the Interc-s'.
that l» taken In the wid parly at llill-
er«'M.   ,\ large crowd attended,
Dr. Allen Uohh. who has been our
nt'-Mr-al doctor for lhe la«t 1" year*
or th*flreal«iiil« 1» rculgnlng i' f.u» i»nd
of March. We wl»h him wory hik-
, ce*»» uh he han given xt* rmv «»ti«-
Mrs. MeKay, nr Iota of other women! rMr-t1on. Hlw Miceo*Hnr it Ur M«l»nn-
wouldn't he 'Miner'* wivcw' ju«t thet„■),*(_ \HU, rtf nininnon», reei«nil> r.-wld
»w". a,n ine: mnl, tin t'Hek l« mnule-1 tlnr „| CarinoiiBny, Alia. 1W" * b'l>
shifting on tha afternoon nhtu thih|)htf tj,tt» {,,» wm Rttm ii\,. ,t,tn..t, i.* ,
week, why I'm Ju»t going to wrli*'; t|„l( mT pren'-nl doctor had mnli.iain-
hoiiui niorr, It's as funny n* havln»' ,,,j fnr ,„(.<» a nnmher of yean tr.im
a Coal fnek boarder any time, >'*».JB*j| the rc*ldentn of Htltrri?:*
and Ju*t an funny ft» that there man |  ».0^„_—
nn  the  Free Pnt** trying to make; wof,KEb8 c^n qET IT
Davy  ltee» President ol ltrilUb <*" ,W ORRBR8   ,? THiV GO AFTER IT
luinbla. or even as funny a* the me««t-
ing of the conntructton parly laat »u.i ™-
^Vt^S^JPi ft Yrtta     W&*  S *«S.r Problem,   of
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
Of Fernie Industrial & Provident Co-Operative
Society Liraetid
1. Manhood vote. One man, one vote,
regardless of 'number of shares held.
No proxey votingv
2. Dividends on Capital Stock to be
limited to the current rate of interest
on money.
3. A division of all surplus profits, after
paying- for depreciation, reserve and
educational funds, in proportion to patronage.
4. Unlimited membership without class
distinction, inviting all persons, high
or low, rich or poor, to unite on terms
of equality.
5. Allowing one-half as great dividends
to non-members as to members on their
patronage.
FERNIE CO-OPERATIVE ^OCIETYTTTBr
Incorporated 1907
Canada Food Board Licence No. 8-594
COAL MINERS, ATTENTION
*2,C0 per. month providfR you ajjainst nnv ucetdent ami
every sickness, and pays $40.00 n month from the dav vou are
laid up. *  *
Particular*) from
THE B. WINNETT INSURANCE AGENCIES,
Bank of Hamilton Bldg. Pernio, B. 0.
Claims promptly adjusted from this n(Aee
day aa ther-ft wete »u.u«. ui .1
.v....
*»* IS <
a nretu bad tempi r.  Well nlr. 1 '>\*h ■ ...j „ 6M.1l»Sim'*>f fi««* V*T «"<«»»» Xnt \
b^ffit****** «««• tMM«M | Srtifi |f you -bo«»d «. IM« "vt.
....   «...    ._-_*_   -r.   I   ik.-.uatil    1MJ.:    jl .   .     .      .   ,    .*.■.    H-.lint'HliW*''     fl'B *    ffirll
•lip bit mtmorr •» • %bouA\ im: t\t !sllBg ,,„,,, uih, i\-kimp, w»*. «Mt
Mm  «f  It-   H*   UOW   »boo«l   n^      i'r«inplly xxprm r*«lpt of roar o>\
- - '* noommo ******   »\;:. ?■■.- :"'\mmMIZ **.. ■- ■ '—•'"'"'*** ^ ih*"
»M not wm Wm tot It-   So t te ^ w y^ ommdmta.    V«r
of "wi-*   h"    '    t-'-t-r «■•»  ml actepinne* m»y he i»*d« t»y
Z\ !S TlSr" in\m nwny. «.* br*i      H  *»- .-^nlW  to dlvrrf  mil .,m
tawl»i>Vwt» Hk" «■* |r !l"  '*' ,f"' ^imtfnt'titr* ot m,iirlt»«n», mA
b™mt on npimmhUm.   i^rlj« »nd at tta* nam* tliw xoimm** «to»i i.* m-
nw *i on » im«i»»m> ... tisit-rn*   f**t*t* -t*t   thi*   n***n*arl*•*   bit
(Mauimwti M-,,*„*:„-,;„-f„^f nnv t„,W,, cmm  im, nwi, t*>   um;   »«.«..,
ihOT^t'to pm tt on mt «^»»-*n"», »«»•• iv:,1.t,,"v"".;:4, ,.,,r(*„«,,^*. mhv...
lw>inir HnmUv nlv** «» M« «»< t»»"   v i*>***lh  ti->na. '•* -■ '•    "r"*««"'   *,r,|K "
«SLl5   A*»    "   terrmonldmmd   h*- ? and thtealn ot ntm** h«*.« w-nljH. j
tlm,   «• Wnr «* «*r **trH*ry t*\V*txh  m.*  «iam*rd  wAWr H'« • ■,
hormn*^th* "I3ll«ini" ^»» »» wtiiiBR betom u«. nt th*: r»i*|;««-ioWi-
,'..,*•■   sn   hi*   hnei    1*^4   Hi-r<-   l.<Mit'»li is IsiVhiU \A:tt
nwtiy.
ll -wilt lw n-f.
from A. 1 fttbtt. Wmd*r how mnth
"mp"be'mn from tbo cm) *™m*y
iv ll»tl« mf Ifctt benpn lilw tobm*
Why «ll um * »» l«l» v^'^ lf!!r
p*mpM#t I* rowr,« «kw«Ii oW Irom
tmm*, thetn !« tli« VXtn nom wh*t*2
Tor m ttoom tbo% ** <« ^ 1*>J^
m ih* »»t» »Bd mnl tind ll I Al»».
S*m Xomore ^»«* «IBM* Hot *****?*
the mmt  f+ft***b-\* IMP*  he prttw.
'xr*v «fr I l»«»l» «l«l» "«"T' *™ uk*
ih,* blni flftd h**w bm i****** *>*■*■ «'
ilMt Will 8i«d h**p hi* ****** ***** *> iher 1**,, ■>-*>»*■, »1
n*,A*tt*o* hntnVt tariMM iw tta* h* lJimhtt ^ t Ud.
will bntn l« tn** «>* ««W1«MW' 8S Nnw, n\x",\hi* \
we nt* f*tttl»« 1*4 mpS \ttt um mimTs i'
Ru>U   Uiir-pk 1A.IS1-I S.  »»•     i «*,,*•*». ia th« ****■
imi ntxeptnnre m»y      -   -      .
tot tH»» (ollowlwt *ppll<«tto« *nd re*
'daw.
Xhe Wothmma <^K"?'^ "•**'|
1*1 t'. V'   Tfii^'f-iT'*  Pt**r*1*tyt
Copy of Htl«*M |
I ij-f-tt'lK Rpply tor tivxl *fX'.it*-m*mx ■
Ot my etalm Xo. SITI3 l« W!e»rd«t»*w \
milk tl»* eh*,*,* pKipomed »#*rd *»4'
,.,-,.<-. tb* run* to toll «*ltl-M»*!lt o»»
all ■Aam* MalfMt !*• WORKM*Xa[
n>MPf:MM.TIrt.N: WtAHUt m aeennnx I
t*t mnry nwM*ln«l by w»«« »^l>«*«»- \
l%ni^, Vnteb l».m>
tvov*« father lic|nrm<»-1'
,... ,.~ ,.. Intm, *o nnxnralv he 1
i tf •< t« tlw »*f»ii*rr *e*M*»« nd*ko. *s
Vim no Udlw prpwnt * inmm. x***»
mweiottonm «f rtmlw Mr. *>»«»« f»'
wwfp-mry pm i*™*'   Thfii It- l'*»'»*
of #r it 'AtthW ih«» prop man, tht'ti up
»; tk* nth^r «>m» **t th<t room nt ,t*
tool differ*, ttien hark of bin at I.«i»
ky J»t*f-Bnd my* bm: 'th*J»> » »«'
* n t-,iP'i b«*» 'bm tttmi b#lott« «o
tht* M-„* mho*, mod I di>:i"t -'■'" '■ '"*
f»   rtiitvh   *1ntt'    «1.*ti%f   -baran   tt*
t**rnirh h\* }*-nniK hair -..' «ft»*. *>■**
Mrt. Hrown «*»»* n* iteri*' ihoaftot
M<-\ IrtoSrH till*- Rfttn-f down tli* '*mp'
nnd dr»wli»K tmt % homo.    U't.tiMn i
tK»t !»*•«• been a R".*» m*"«*   Mnni^r-*
lawyer-*.   M»i«l»t,  thutlb'  rhsipVm,.
IImMI^*, rent 4lm*t* nil U.U*'** up » i 'h'
***»»** mttSL U^Uuu. 'I'" " '" '** 'f^''
•||ow**amr-**-r,' M-rt ti«* ckni'-niU'i.
-an" ot vou irf-t»»« wW. to falV. rmt**\ ..*.,„.,., , »    , .
n«t t» not a»vtli1i"!" tt,f« h*nr.**,n,',..iVfr),l \* I'.M.W t*1 \ .1 wt*** x*Um**',\ t„
•till tmt pa *t iW "Wtr*"'  "nmtooth*, ttm im4 f*#»i»« «kt«* wr***ii
l,ll,tu.> f     .W»     ■*.  •-*..* ,*
I'altal ««sl fc^fV^'r, to *'U"'j' lnl>* •ji'*-!
ilon xr-n fu'l). *i»d nm '»t"ip ••» im*
Kititlttn'.on ti«r.*pl<Uv JNflW'-tit -«>'-P*
t-nc not h*"»in iah*o to rmfc" '■»•>
i!ii> trai»^!il««i from »»r work io *» *<*
H.,rfc. awl v-Iimi on»- oon-sldt-r-* 'ti" *"*
ortnoti* nmount  of wotk *»n»  v,»f!d
»il4i-l   *X"   I'trtl'i.t.   '.•'•      tl* '.'
fyttt* l* nbiolntMy no mv »«»** ™ i-t.'^
..... ;;( *  ! '?■' "
IV« imi tin* iifi»trr!*ii»t, i".',ttrr.- * i
profMMtnt to njMpo up >Utv tnbut hnr
**-„■■»•   '<r.h*Ji*   li * 'fi".''-'!  k*«'i*'.lS»»rt   ktit **1.
,rt i.m stjttt?' fi.r wtith: »m» mbti wil
V thr- n«* II *«»r:« I* no? lm bm Md'
*f I':*-*-: vi^mXI «w« "Htlr »Miwf»**fir-
t*e r*b»t* I itiln* th**}? would do mor* •
f T" * t
'    ft'  th** t*'*mt rmamthm of It*,*-,
i'd l)ptw(.«n tlm d«k'Knl«« of iho
li.W.V.A. hikI I'miuriiul (l<fli!rfuU;h froiu
dlff«r«nt t-|tl*o» In Alberta who nth-fid-
id tho convention ami the miner's
lli'li'KllUis.
Ii huh iMiiiitifel oat bv .St<Klkrn and
Worker* t hat our objut-t t>hould only be
nbtainod bj* both |inr-l*>n Kt'ttiri* to-
Rullvr m the oartloKt poMs-iti'i* in>>.
unlit ;ti»d tikliiR u -rumbltu-d m'lt,*%
for tho Itcni'lHs ami dcnititidH Hint
tli*-)'. tin; WiJi'kciti iuul n.-ttiriit.'d Sol
iHi'M* nrn i'ntiil"<i to.
l.onjt bi'dirt" iho wnr tntlvd, mmiii* of
im Ht-atod fr<iqu"titl> tlmt when It vn**
over,   Ih«'  workom   would   prisii   lur
many of tho boitc-llu whlrh ih«*» bsid
"lwiinK.1  by   Msolut'on;1.   and  «■'■■!»«-n* >
tiniiji su: J public ifathi-rinKH b-*fnr<> ?ln»]
«„,  u^u.    '*   *..**.;..<   -\    '■  •'->•  "'"
«.lu*lvi» fuclor ! iiowit to "in nn publ!'
opinion' wa» r»iniln«t mon* mid mor** |
til  Hpprovc   «!   i iittUKOit   111   |mb;»ll»'ll j
conditiona wtilib .war* n«ro wi-r* look
»d upon a>* •'\travair»nl or «* lm;rw«I
bl« tf our fi-saULs !n tin- »■«"•!■' »''•'*•
kf>t   wn*   lo  Ih*   maintained*     I'nbl'.i j
opinion l*< now ipil'o r«»ailv to tmm.iion1
jiny n'anonaW" chminoa and to itip•!
lK»r*  Workman'* claim* for r»-d«tfwd
liivir* and hrlier condlt'on** of labor.
Tho I'ubiSc. *hu have MUlT'f.'il 'hnm.'h,
whnC ha<» «irriirr«l, h«v*» ahoa-n a s*plr
ti of t'.-c urcater-t tolcranrr in th*» f-**-»'
j.f    M-fi.»tc-    |»t •■:;i\    lu- <-.ir,**,'*-nt*.*
i,nhm tm>t",t ntttird In lo** tlw troM,
will nf thc  public:   fitvl  lubo" xhmild
lc«rn Ht it i.«mi< «l »• nml*', *•■ .<< '.J<- ,
pa«»   hi»tf   1,f-t t»   W-.*    I't"-'.'i-    l'^";
car«>lc*»H nibrmtid tbo »»i«niti»» «<» ib" .
n*m*s«Mi *,t ih»» peopb'. a*h*'l\ 'bit   ■* i»S« ,
».,-». H' rami-d upnti tb- v. ,i-rt-*»--"   *■'«!_*" (
nilKhl will h»v>» Minini ibitiu*  n •.luh',
fa'<>r j
Tho <!ov*rr.mci»l «tl«b' loo% on tl.e\
-***./.j'i.*   .... -   ...**■   ,■*.,    i ,. ...iii   .*.,..       .     ...
1        .       -» ,  -     •"• .       " I*, 9,'t\      *„,..,,    i
ir<l *1*t* »»t r*»»n *h<v !cnln»*» th»* li«>l»h«-
vlkM snd thc  -mi'Ii.*?-* d)««.<tinfi«-d io
._._.,.        r..    •,.-..,«    u.fc^r     f|*• k> i.-   IfiHH**    *»> '
•.mfwith*".! out caallv {
T* cr<"   ■■   no  r.»ed  '■•"' dl««'fibr  In
.* ,        .,,*.. ,. .. yt,   »*St>
the u-nrVrf nwi|« to i'n, i* tihtr »i<*
•di.*.-!  *>i 4T»tiji« iK-ri'>'t<  i»»»it.l..  i-  •<»
(.•and aliil p«'.l*tcftiUv an<t  r *** n i'.!<'
nd iho* j>1a«*i« lh* nitv«-rnm« i.t ,i, »»
ln'-tl|\-  h» Ifl'm   l*t*n 'tell
I nm b*fl*nnl*>*» it* it*\r-    ('«.. '.«..»r
r* ar» rtttini; ilro! *t tbt* ■** '<**!»
.   ,-M
tor  ttv-   >.r   »>»   i« (•■   . ' "     i
,     .  -   -..If,ft.   ■•' *, -ty\   t n*,'t,.'   >>. jf?r-   '(»
f. , *.*.*,*     * ,i,        (!]'-.;"'' i.    >.»..>.
rlid'tr**  prtvblctn". "••  h >ltr« it'.i)   -v	
.»./.     v-rt^t'V     hi*'    *r**r;    •*•!'■ I    •»
bi%«| Ut ur«-' i-> I** * t...t.t*-ri ■ ■' '
tr-i*,.^" fitl'V-i" r.-'nrm-t- i**.\.- *
ittt*.    ,.4tr -n.    .i..l     "i  '•   * h'i  !»'»•
:»    -   p   -f»|H*i(     .'- |.  • ■■    .'.-    .-"'•.
i.   .        ,   *        -,•   it.    , -,-h*    -.
rX,.,   *.».*•     .   . -J.--M     ..1   ' '   ' •   "*•■** "'
v* t*'", '.ol rhv bc -1" « r-i* »an*. V'<tt
I Wl^'.'.   th:- r>»r chiip I*- "f«»d «p"
with tha wilijt-ct. nnd in ready to toll
•h«m what l><> ws.i.t» and that hu
ktldWK how lo RCt it,
Tho only tljinK, ia mv opinion, thnt
will nniiaty Uio workom In to idimln-
«i'.* povwrl); iin.i by povenv I dn not
;i;c*tii KivliiK iw tnoiv* dullurx nnd
conla; for poverty Is not ratmrtl J,y
money or the laek ot It, bu' poverty of
hnngor jtml dirt, tho povcr;>, of bralnn
nnd IntolliKcnco, thi* poverty of Ideal*,
und Hu- pok.rij id rlgif. ufiji,M and
■octal conduct.
The only way to *«»t i!i„*w thinKN
rlttht u. i« dean ib»? he«r:, of man
nud renew n tl-Kht aplrlt wlibtii him.
When thia bit of pprina cl.nninK ta
iIo:m;, poverty   ». i'l  l«   ,tbu'if|.h« ,1     |Ju>
as in other aprins cl ntilnv«(. It will
.'-4*1   .1)  ..   [tl',   I),    ,.i,.;„.,.t   ti,*„,Hiti,ti*l   kUd
!i r-i>riain imuwtil of ditmaKo lo -mt
hotiiwhntd ro»M|«>
As John U-tmHtn miya; To hlai
life van wealth and lifo iiwant thn Joy
and ndmlMHon of koo«| and beautiful
ihlipn
"I feel u<» mr** of coin
Wcll-hcini: p* i»v wcnlth
My nilnd. t>, me, an empire 1*
While tt~u*o afnrdod hoahb"
Wlllam |»nitpr
I'eriile,  V;jr, Jl  J2,  JtlHc
Salvation Army, Sunday. March i«ib
Mornlnt ai-rrlcn at I! wi w m    tt'tn
^titi ri-iio pm -7'V**7'iUir'7t'rxi-77at
"■£*''  pm.    t'*.4'i»«i,*.-..<S-i.    <.',?*,.titatut,
tlfflcer
LABO« WIM» ^NOtHEft -HtM
IN NCW ZEALAND PARLIAMfNT
*>l,i.l.''\  «T'«*.. i /..   -,.,■..   j,|   4|«
■wr-oHMf..) f- *h< r-r--, nt »>Iliicn|
combinaiier. tn puntr -n-i-t* ^»..i » nin-
o;tl di'ira' » lir m <n W-" '.*■• *, Hi nth.
''■••"• '    * ' •'       ■      '      ■   ' * .!.dilat.t
...    ,+ 1*9,1,   9,-,.,   .,     --   .,        ...    ,    ,.,....„,„       4».».j|
■t*   t -»■■" - .*f 'i     -   '**   a tot*
<'.*.. . . ■ "•>.,' *. ! • i- ..: ib»<
I •• ' v- *i" .1. ■' ' ' - '■ t': ! up in
. i! ! . 't. ■ " - . v\ ,rl i. — ,l '■>.,. „f.
' ,*.*-* < '. U :.'.-., *f!..l ,-■••. i If
-n   h*l,f*'i*   'I-i'   th--       ..   1        t,   »;»-■«
'    p ■»• ft    •     n't «t h I • -   t|   •-,   Hoi
lc  ■» «-|*>*»*.-,| *« p»rb* ri
I
i • ...   ,~r. Mtft
. *. . •-,<*• -." h iKh tlw* randld.!*
<■■ ' ■ *■ ' ■ '• • •>-»1»-~,".-lii -H*»t -**^
.'...i ui,-.' t: .ftcofth *as a or** mnn
*•* it,- p».*.ii*r*3*«t xr»<wa and amt a prmr-
- ■ i *, 'T''*.*!''*. -»«-^»*t*»i-»v.-» V e44*4
nt \tttt-. ia ibtmm et the vtwatmm
•fiw*M*,<» n* •iw tMi*t*m lt*i*a %• »,
Thar* wh« wo* • brfMiMit pbktTnm
mwi mgfcraiii'jj
[-■j^v^S^v-f """'
"ttlfaftyJ*
i»AGE SIX
FERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
CALGARY CONVENTION— SIXTH DAY
(Continued from page three)
the sanitary inspectors of the Province," and he had "no doubt would
be better looked after."
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: We have no comment to make regarding the above sections of the report.
Delegate Potter'directed the question to President Biggs whether
this covered the Alberta Coal Mines Act only, or the British Columbia
Mines Regulation Act as well, to which the President replied that it
was in connection with the interview with the Premier of Alberta and
referred to the Act in that Province only.
President's Report:
That the Coal Mines Act be amended to provide that no person
shall be employed at the mining of coal who has not first obtained a
certificate of competency from a Board of Examiners, such Board to
be composed of a member selected by the miners, another by the mine
operators and a third by the Government. Compensation for the work
of the said Board to be provided by the Government.
The Premier thought this would create a hardship in the very
small country mines, where it was almost an impossibility to secure
practical miners and where some farmers go and dig their own coal
for four or five months in depth of winter.
We told him that if he could make it applicable to all mines in
the Province where there were twenty-five and over employed, he
would be going a long way to meet bur requirements. "Yes" he
would "see what could be done."
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee concur in the first
paragraph of this section of the President's report, but non-concur in
the two remaining paragraphs, and recommend that District 18, U.M.
W. of A. demand from the Legislature of the Province of Alberta that
all miners shall have a certificate of competency.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
President's Report—Finances:
This District can expect also some few amendments to the Compensation Act, we having spent some time discussing the Act and its
many phases with the Premier and Compensation Board.
The financial standing of the District is not what it should be,
but we are pleased to report that, out of a depleted treasury, and
greatly in debt, to the tune of nine or ten thousand dollars, we can
hoia our heads up and say that all bills are paid when due; but our '
financial standing can be improved without appealing to the membership that the per capita tax be increased. We do say that ihis Convention should take under consideration the doing away with neutral
scrutineers at all elections in this District; that costs considerable, a?
we have to pay forty or more.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee concur with recommendation of the President relative to doing away with neutral
scrutineers at all district elections.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.,
[The adoption of this recommendation automatically requires the
Constitution Committee to amend Article 6, Section 6, Sub-Section
(c), Sub-Section (e) and Sub-Section (f).]
President's Report (Finances):
The Convention, hold yearly, costs in the neighborhood of six
thousand dollars. My advice is that the Convention change from
holding an annual Convention to a Convention held every second year
and change the season for meeting. ^
The election for officers should be held every two years. You must
acknowledge that this alone, when taking into consideration the printing of ballots to the number of sixty-eight thousand in the first election, and fifty thousand in the second election; the expressing of
.same, the payment of tellers for time spent in counting for two elections, is a large drain on the finances of the District, without thinking
of the expense to all the locals in scrutineers and time lost to our
membership.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: We non-concur in the recommendation to change the season for holding the District Convention, but
concur in the recommendations for biennial elections and conventions.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
[The adoption of this recommendation automatically requires
the Constitution Committee to amend Article 6, Section 4, and Article
7, Sections 1,2, 3 and 4, also Article 12, Section 1.]
President's Report—Litigation:
We are saddled at the present time with a very important ease—
the Wayne Local and six of its members versus Rees and Williams.
This case went up for appeal and the judgment handed down was of
such a nature that if left without fighting and winning organized
labor in this country had jiK as well go out of existence. Your
Executive.hiU'c decided to fij»}if this through if necessary to the Privy
Council. Appeal ha;* been mr.de to Tom Moore, President of thc
Trades und Labor Congress fat- aii the assistance possible in fighting
this case. Copies of the judgment have also been forwarded for his
perusal. Organized koor.in Canada cannot afford to let this judgment Bland, hence our decision.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee concur in the
action taken in thi:: conncclicn.
MOVED nnd seconded the adoption.
CAUKIhD.
Pw-iilont's J'fport:
"Tlix Oistrici Ledger" iiu.iwlly -should receive consideration by
thi* delegation. Wc ncd Ihst a recommendation for tho increase in
subscription prav; tiie-n a iqc-cia! effort for an increase in circulation.
Every rnoinbcc A.cvUi frcl it hi*; duty i>x IrooM* "The District Ledger";
every r.x-ir.!.*-;- XA:\ sUli..rr:bv. It !« OUR OWN 1>A1'ER. The
Editor wil! !-■> ub'e i<> i:n fully into the business when it ta under dis-
■ REPORT OK COMMITTEE: Your camming woinmend lhat
action on tlii*. -section of Hte rresident'a report he deform! until after
hearinir iho report nt the J-Mhor of "The District Lftlgor"
M-OVFD ood roftivdiA <'•■'■ :>.<l<"pti<m.
CARRIED.
l'li. Ai<i.-iii s i*. |>» 1*1—t. wnt'iuaion:
F, r wi* tl uu '!» ": j-rani I have acrvwl «n tht* District Kxoc-
t.U.i, A K-'Oil t-t'i "i Ae >-'•»" I iiavo *;iijoy»il tlw tontidenee ol* the
majority t.t ih" ■ h m!>t*r4iip an their Executive head.
I.i fl- • .*n* ;.'•>'.! !i;iv(> m>*.:n th" organization grow from ftftoen
Locals to inny-w, with » rotrespondlnir inrrcOM In membership, In
Uii* tlmo, and .MM^ially in th<« tart months, Hit re have hwn mow
grtervane-M takin \> and tlfscium-fil with more successful conclusions
than In any given p »d in our history an an organisation, I with
•here to Mpr*** my -•mi-." appreciation to the mMnb-prahip for Ihelr
support wi ikt w'mo ifcdr inuwsts, nnd tako tbe liberty U> enprnm
my heartfelt gratitud.- in all Officer* wlio hav* as«i*i*<I ia bringing
about iiwh num-aa.   Itopectfuily submitted by, yours fraternally,
TOM BWHIS, !*f*aM*nt.
KKfOBT m UiM.MII ILK: Your commute* haw ao comment
to mak* on thin nrrtttm.
V!<* Pmild-Mtt's Rrpc-rt-R* Unemployed, Organisation, Settle.
ment of Deputes, Kt»->ppar*1** of Work. (Seo pages S, 8 aad 7—Pro-
etmtVmgn, Vint Day. I
REPORT OP COMMITTEE: We tmnm la thtm aacttena ot Am
vhff"Pww8§nl • ttpott,
* MOVED pot onmomA tb* adoption
Uataajata Youm ravMrami at ttrnpth tbo ttap-pat** of wot* at
Ptntie moi IIttW. mktog -tut •* Am tfagtt aMft -tontrovtrsy. total*
4ml Blgga, Stttetnry Brawn* and! othors briefly ott ant facta la tMe
Tha —tlm ta adapt tha rs-fawmttdattaa of tht mm-
(Sta pact t—Pra*
CAXXTCD.
mop-..-. w^^^^mA^^mo^   tw^m^mmA
wbtO'rPOOIomnm wapan.
oootbtm, Vint Day.):
mm Aomottoo om mAOAtkl tkA4Mrkt o\ U
m lm** Wttm t* MtAmtttm, CardMf and tmatbnnfc Ohtefata
mmm or arnmrrmt row
MOW mi mtmiti i
CAltlVD.
ffkt alayilBa ot thit
tammmmm Oommmm m mmmi ArtJda 1.9mOm tl
iy Wumi ot Coot oiiiiiwi it fti iiwm m >
~ a_^^^g*a^^^^^u^     ^pPUp     ^*j^uJ*^^^*^|gug*||||*^U^|*^| dlBfc^i**^**^      ^.^^^JUtf^ju-n^      -fty^^^u.       ^JP^^^^M^^      0^^^-9^
WmrvA* ttr vtmmi Itbbt  THiWl mmmm pom mtmop ^wm
4t*bA oHA Af Ant t^PtmotPliot wot tmjt-tn oo ftttmt WBfiwwt.
fbaitfkMJte AMflMt !• PAtPtf W OMliCt WtmAAttk
nrpotT or ooinimwt. Ya«f tommmtp tevtat tain *•
'ft i
ing this recommendation, therefore recommend that this matter be
turned over to that committee.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
Some little discussion arose in this connection, some contending
that this matter should be disposed of by the Convention at once.
Delegate Johnston opposed (the recommendation for increase of
salaries to the Qfficers, while several spoke in favor of some, but the
amount of increase was not determined. Vice-President Christophers
pointed out various reasons why an increase in salaries of the Officers
and Board Members should be granted, emphasizing the fact that,
while Secretary Browne was required to practically permanently reside in Calgary, his place of residence was in Taber, and that he
never charged the District witli his living expenses while in Calgary,
despite this fact.
MOVED Susnar—Seconded Berford:   THAT discussion cease.
CARRIED.
The motion to adopt the recommendation of committee to refer
matter to the Constitution Committee was
CARRIED.
Vice-President's Report:
General remarks, second paragraph (see page 7—Proceedings,
First Day). Re notice of reduction of 20 per cent in day'.wage and
contract rates, posted at mines in Edmonton field on January 29th, to
be effective March 1st, 1919.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: We recommend immediate action
be taken by this Convention.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Delegate Eastham under this special order of business addressed
the Convention at considerable length, pointing out the difficulties in
order to establish the organization in the Edmonton field and the
urgency of expedient action in this connection if same were to be
sustained in the face,of the proposed attitude of the,operators in that
locality. Vice-President Christophers announced that he had just been
in communication with Mr. Harrison, Assistant Director of Coal Operations, who advised him of the receipt of a telegram from the Minister of Labor dealing with this situation, reading as follows:
"The Edmonton operators are informed that no reduction in day
wage or contract rates of miners shall take place until March 31st,
1919, when new agreement will be entered into. You are authorized
to take any action necessary to enforce your order."
This information was greeted with applause on the part of thc
.delegation.
MOVED Susnar—Seconded Browne:   THAT this Convention instruct the District Officers to give all moral and financial support
necessary to the miners in the Edmonton field in opposing any reduction in wages.
CARRIED.
MOVED McRoberts—Borford the adoption of the report of the
Vice-President as acted upon by the Convention.
CARRIED.
Report of Secretary-Treasurer:
Re Introduction and Recapitulation of Income and Expenditure.
(See Page 8 Proceedings First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE
no report to make.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Secretary-Treasurer's Report:
Re Biennial Conventions and Elections. This matter has already
been dealt with and requires no further comment,
Secretary-Treasurer's Report:
Re Litigation.  (Pages 8 and .9 Proceedings First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: In connection with the Williams and
of the Convention to this case and believe that: Wayne Local should
have been guided by the advice from the District Office.
MOVEnLand-S-ecandfld-the-adopUonr
Your Committee concur and have
-   t
Rees versus President Biggs also Williams and Rees versus Wayne
Local and members thereof.". Your Committee directs the attention
CARRIED
Secretary-Treasurer's Report:
Re Mines and  Workmen's Compensation  (Page 9 Proceedings
First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:    Your Committee concur and have
no comment to make.
Secretary-Treasurer's Report:
Re DlBtrlct Ledger (Page 9 .Proceedings First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:  Thia will receive consideration or
the Convention later.
Secretary-Treasurer's Report:
Ro Railway* Publicly Owned and Controlled (See Page 9 Proceeding's First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:    Wo conodr.
MOVED Hnd Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED UNANIMOUSLY
Secretary-TreaBurer'a Report:
Ro Western Conference (See Pag© 10 Proceedings First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your Commltteo endorse this recom-
tnendatlon.
***■■ MOA'ED and Seconded tho adoption.
Upfn several of the Delegates de»irtnK moro information In connection witli the WesteWi Conference, tho Chairman called International Organl««r Rees to enlighten the Convention retpcctlnic eame.
International Organizer Roes dealt with thU matter from Ua Inception upon the occasion or the last Trades Congrcta In tho City ot
Quebec last September, pointing out that experience for years pant
had taught thone roprooentlng organized labor rrom Fort William
to thc Pacific ("oast that thoir oiideavora to deal with tho problem*
affecting Industrial unlonUm In tin* Wp*t had received but scant consideration on the part of Congress despite the fact that they had
ropeatedly presented these conditions most «ni|>batlcally to tbo dele-
gates represitiiUtiK  Eastern ornanUed  labor.    The climax  to tills
situation was reached In tbe last Congress when forty odd delegates
trom tho West resenting th* treatment received, held caucus m«eU
Ings with (he vlow to cresting a department within Con»fro*s which
eoald **u.tn*9 ii**n**r minis lor Western organized labor.   Following
this a tentative urgauljuttion was effected with a view to calling a
itm:*:!*.:.-.*, of Um HVttU'tu <juit*it«t-u« iniiiiBduiel) prior to the next
Trades Congress to ho held In Hamilton. Ontario.   This organlxatlon
comprised tbo speaker as President, and I>. Midgtay,  Vancouver.
Secretary, together with a representative rrom^eaih of the four
Western Provinco* as an #x«<«tttlve *rommlttw».   tfomewhat recently
Iho plan was devolved ot holding iho Annual Convention* of tho
Alberta aad Ilritlsh Columbia Federations of Ubor, nMpoatjvety, at
tho same time and In the same plsee and Immwllfttely upon their
adjournment to couveno a Western Conference.   Tbo arrangement
at the dnal conventions, however, bad miscarried oa account of tho
Alberta Federation of Labor having Issued the -rail to their eoa-
vaatlon at MedkJat Hat prior ta reeolviag this nottmbon not torno
mm acuw^Saftf hmU.  lbn voto of womhtrs of ifco BC Fmteratloa
lo hold their Con tuition In Caigary was hy aa ovorvhetsstaf ssajorify
eonenrrad la. and ia via* of this the »)*a» for boMInc tha Wastam
Cenfarsneo at tht conclusion of this eonv#nlk>n wara put Into operation, it haiag ooaaMara* that thia woald ha a aaatral point for tha
Con*f«ron«« and sssurancs wsa sJrsady rscslvs* tliat santtstaata-fy
ropraaaautlloa waald ha araaoat trom Um Provtaeoo ot Alberin. Meat,
inf mmt aaataiaaavaa ia ■iiltiaa to tha ■.C Halaaitan
tHwwmtp   Otmmm   am^Kmwnm*^W*w*m.^^^mt    ^w   ^mmwa^w^^^a^w    w^    **-^w**»    ******    ••▼•^w^^"^"
iiU* aaa mmi ot Oa avania traaaatv*wg ta btim afeant «hn
Wnatam Coafarsasa aors an Unreb IM, Mi aa thm via aasshrtaty
na ««a*tl<i«U«« m aayttint ta afad m gaMa tha Waatara Oo»-
fsranea, ftn fnaattona pppM tmmAAtfo *•*• m ha tmAot whan it
waa hali.   Baari llsashsr Whsatif aaw #Mrit at name bttonb em
what atfttt ha mtoomot
^ ^*w*^     ^mm^OO^*.^     -iF^r     wta-m^^^maa^*^^*.
w^O     a^^^F    ^rt"P-P^-.*W^vn^^^    ^^^
It.
«a aooyt th«
tatat vat tan rata tm
CAMIAD
MOVW) liilml  ■imill
nt tha ti«iratnri>tiaaaafar aa
CARJttH)
Wmj^^Wof ^W   mmtWWmtmAAWAW
WAKAtf tW COtttttVT-tA
-mmaMp.
tAb
mm
fAm Onf|.
DtemmjmM
xne next .morning Taraan roae uortn
on his way to Bouira and Algiers. Aa
he had ridden past the hotel Lieutenant Gernois wus standing ou tbe veranda. As his *yes discovered Tarzan
be went white an chalk. Tbe ape-raau
would bave beeu glad bud tbe meeting
not occurred, but be could not avoid It.
Be saluted the officer us be rode past.
Mechauleally Gernois returned tbe salute, but those terrible, wide eyes followed tbe horseman, expressionless
except for horror. It was as though
a dead man looted upon a gtiost
At Sidi Alssn Tarzan met u P^rench
officer with whom be bad become acquainted ou tbe oci'iisiou of bis recent
sojourn in the town.
"Yoii left JJou Saada early?" questioned tbe omeer. "Then yoii bare aot
heard about poor Gernois?"
"Be was the last uiun 1 saw as 1
rode away." replied Tarzan. "What
about himr
"He ts dead. He shot blmself about
8 o'clock this moruiug."
Two days later Tarzan reached Algiers. There he found tbat be would
bave a two days' wait before be could
catch a ship bound tor Cape Town. He
occupied bis time lu writing out a full
report of tils mission. The secret papers he bud taken from Rokoff be did
not I in-losu, for be did not dare trust
tbem, out of bis own posNesslou until
be bud beeu authorized to turn tbem
over to another"ugent or .Mnwel'f returned to Parts with them!
As Turzuu boarded Ills ship after
wbat seemed a most tedious wait to
bim two men watched bim from an
upper deck. Both were fashionably
dressed and smooth shaven. The taller
of the two hud suudy hair, but his
eyebrows were very black. Later in
the day tbey chnuced to meet Tarzan
on deck, but as oue hurriedly called bis
companion's attention to something at
sea tbelr faces were turned from Tarzan as be passed, so tbat he did not
notice tbelr features. In fact, be had
paid no attention lo thero at_flll^l
"Goodby," replied tbe girl faintly.
"Try to forget me. No. not tbat I
could not bear to think that you bad
forgotten mo."
"There ls no danger of tbat dean"
he answered. "! wish to beaven mat
I might fon#;t. It would be no much
easier than to*go .through life always
remembering what might have been.
Yob will be happy, though; I am sure
you shall. You must be. You may tell
the others of my decision to drive my
car on to. New York. I don't feel equal
to blddlug Clayton goodby."
As Clayton stooped to pick np hia
coat in the waiting room bis eyea fell
on a telegraph biauk lying face down
upon the door., Ho stooped to pick It
up, thinking that it might bo a message of Importance which some one
bad dropped. He glanced at ita hastily
and then suddenly be forgot his coat
the approaching train—every thing but
that terrible little piece of yellow paper ln hl3 band. He read it twice before be could fully grasp the terrific
weight of meaning that It bore to him.
When be had picked it up he bad
been an English nobleman, the proud
and wealthy possessor of vast estates—
a moment later be bad read it, and he
knew that he was an untitled and penniless beggar. It was D'Arnot's cable-
v gram to Tarzan, and It read:
Finger prints prove you Grey stole*.
Congratulations. DARNOT.
C
cept ois invitation to be nia guest m
London, an Invitation wbleb Included
tbe professor's entire little family-
Mr. Philander. Esmeralda and ah\
Tbe Englishman argued- that onco
Jane was tbere nnd home ties hatf
been broken she would not njf dread
the step which she hnd so long betf-
tated to take. So the evening that ha
received Clayton's letter ,Profrmmr
Porter announced tbat they wooli
leave for London the following woefc.
But once ln London jane Porter was
no more tractable tban she had been In
Baltimore. She found one excuse after
another, and wbeu finally Lord Tea-
nington invited tbe party to' cruise
around Africa in his ■ yacht she expressed the greatest delight in the
idea, but absolutely refused to be married until tbey had returned to London. As tbe trip was to consume a
year at least for they were to stop far
indefinite periods at various points af
interest, Clayton mentally anathematize^ Tennlugtdn for ever suggesting
sucb a ridiculous trip.
It was Lord Temiington's plan ta
crujse through the Mediterranean aai
the Red sea to the Indian ocean and
thus down tbe east coast, putting in at
every port that was worth tbe seeing.
And so it happened that on a certain
day two vessels passed in tbe strait of
Gibraltar. Tbe smaller, a trim white
yacht, was speeding toward tbe east,
and on ber deck sat a young woman
wbo gazed with sad eyes upon a diamond studded locket which she idly
fingered. Her thoughts were far away
in tbe dim, leafy fastness of a tropical
jungle, and her heart was with bar
thoughts.
She wondered if tho man who bad
given ber the beautiful bauble, that bad
meant so. much more to him than tho
intrinsic value which be hud not even
known could ever have meant to bias,
was back in his savage forest.
And upon the deck ofthe larger vea-
sei, a passenger steamer, also passing
toward tbe east, the man sat witb another young woman, and the two Idly
speculated upou the Identity of th©
dainty, craft gliding so gracefully
through the gentle swell of tbe lasy
sen.
When the yacht bad passed tbe man '
resumed the conversation that ber appearance hud broken off.
"Yes." be said. "I like America very
much. 1 met some very delightful people while I was there, i recall ono
family from your own city. Mlaa
Strong, whom 1 liked particularly—
Professor Porter and his dnughter."
".lane Porter!" exclaimed tbe girl.
"Do you mean to tell me that yon
know Jane PorterV Why. she Is the
very best friend I have In the world.
We are as dear to each other as sisters, and .now tbnt i am going to lose
her I am almost heartbroken."
"Going,tp."'lose her!" exclaimed Tarzan. "Why. what do you mean? Ob,
yes,   1   understand.    Vou   mean  tbat
Following  the Instructions  of  his I Pullman, crying to him to hurry. Quite
chief, Turzan bud booked his passage
tinder an assumed name-John Caldwell, London. Ho did hot understand
the necessity for this, and it caused
him considerable speculation. Be wondered what role be was to play In
Cape Towa
"Well," ho thought "thank heaven
that I am rid of Rokoff. Be wn* commencing to annoy me. I wonder If I
am really becoming so civilised that
presently I shall develop a set of
nerves. He would give them to me If j
any one could, for be does not fl-Kht
fair. One never knows through what
new agency be Is going to strike, tt Is
aa though Sabor, the tiger, bad indue- *
od Tantor, the elephant and Hlstah, !
the snake, to join him tn attempting to
kill me. I would tben never have
known what minute or by whom I waa
to be attacked nest Out tbe brutes
are more chivalrous tban man. Tbey
do not stoop to cowardly intrigue."
At dinnar tbnt night Tarzan sat next
to a young woman whose place was at
the captain's left The officer introduced thom.     ' ' * |
MIkh Strong!   Where had he beard '
the niiiiie U-fort*?   It was very tn.. \
mntnr    And iben lhe girl's mother
eave hint tho How. for when she sd-
drenneti (u>r dnughter she called her j
UltKHl. I
Un*i*i Hirong:   What memories the |
name limplrwl!   It had be-en a letter to
Hit* eiii. iieiinod by the fair hand of
J:it).- I'ortw. that hut! corrirtl |o him
th** ttr»t u.-j-KMUUf from the woman he
lovwi    Uow vividly be rwniled the '
night lie Iiii'l wtolen It from Hit* desk In ,
lb* <»ftbln <»f  hi*  l«>ns dead  fit Hut.
wln-rv Jun« Porter had net -niitinn It
tftU i..-- *' tU' uiiiiii. mil;' lw iiuikit-tol
In Hit* dni-km** u'ltlwut    ll»w Ittrrtu
•trf< tifti nlo*  would  tinv««  l«fn Ihst
night b»d sbi* Irnown that ih» wild -
Joneie tatiat noimtlcd 01U-.I.I.. hw win- j
dow. wnt< bine hp« ***r* tie****.
And linn wn. lintel Hi rung. Jsne
t»«*ti'r*s Imut frhfndi
• ••»«*•!
lw n* pt t***h n few months ta tha ■
llltla. wind nw*pi nlslf.wm nf a rail* '
ony Hiittou in n<»nit<fn  ^M««matn. '
Hw sn«dr«» of tortmf itrrn Mags low j
arw ib* s-um-Mtxilng Iftntti-waiMt.  Ito •
acrtd Him-mb smartiHt tb* ey*m ot a I
tmirn prrty nf alt who sta ad waiting •
thr tt   ■■*■# mt Ihv inula that t* lw mot .
th»-ai an «» t.tward tht amPtb.
Ptotmtwt Aichlii..-»t« <|. Itmer, Irta ,
bmit rlo-m* haarith th* tails ot hts f
lnn« -fwt !«•**• hneb nod forth onAet .
iho tret wsichflti ny* ot hia fsllhfal '
nm-i ■■mif. *an*uni >' I'ht1 imimt  Xmpo ■
o-'tt,H* th» |ia»f ikm miaatM *• *'0
*mm*.w<mi   nt**mitmoom,»   ar*n*m   tm
triii'"   It*  ttii-  fillI'fJ.U** *,-} m iw-w.'-il"
aw*  -x, *'i,ty to ho ttoeotA not) 4rng-
pi ha.* hy tha iwa«*aa Mr ItNaaiMh
Jaaa l^sttsfi tbm tptoto-mwo
ttr. in tb omtoett aad Nfftwa
mtbm artth Wtumm <VH» f»»ftow awit
tans a af ttNt hpaa   WNMn tha IftW
wwwwji ^mrh* ..^^^ m mm*w (^^.^Ha a^m
*mw m amttm^^^* *m ^aam oiPi
tt^^k ta^mi aMa^mM ^^u^m stett tm^u
m moot m
CHAPTER XIII.
Ships That Pass.
I LAYTON staggered as though he
had received a mortal blow.
Just tben be heard the others
calling to him to burry—tho
train was coding to a stop at tbe little
platform. Like a man dazed be gathered up his Ulster. He would tell tbem
about the cablegram wben tbey were
all on tbe train. Tben he ran out upon
tbe platform just as tbe engine whistled twice in the final warning that
precedes tbe first rumbling jerk of coupling pins. The others' were on board,
.eantog^ul^rom^be-^latfOTm-Ti^^
five minutes elapsed before tbey were
settled ln their seats, nor was it until
tben that Clayton discovered tbat Tar-
son waa not witb them. *
"Where is Tarzan?" he asked Jana
Porter.  "In another car?"
"No," she replied; "at the last min.
nte be determined to drive his machine
back to New York, Be is anxious to
see more of America than is possible
from a car window. He is returning
to France, you know."
Clayton did not reply. He was try*
ing to find the rlgbt words to explain
to Jane Porter tbo calamity tbat bad
befallen bim—and her. He wondered
just what the effect of this knowledge
would be on her. Would abe still wish
to marry hlm-to be plain Mrs. Clayton? Suddenly the awful sacrifice
wblch one of tbem must make loomed
large beforo bis Imagination. Tben
came tho question, Will Tnrsan claim
his own? The ape-man bad known tha
contents of the message before becalm*
ly denied knowledge of his parentaga
He bad admitted tbat Kala, tba ape,
was his mother. Could It have bean
for (ova of Jsne Porter?
Was It not reasonable to assumo^that
he meant never to claim his birthright?
If tbls were so. what right bad be,
William Cecil Clayton, to thwart tha
wishes, to balk tbe «elf sacrifice of tbla
strange man? If Tartan of tha Apoa
conld do this thing to saro J11 no Tor*
ter front unhapplness. why should be,
to whose cars ahe was Intrusting her
wholo future, do aught to Jeopardtaa
her Interests?
And so ho reasoned until tha flrat
genorons Impnlso to proclaim tba troth
and r#Hndtilshhls tltim snd his mtntm
to their rightful owner was forgotten
beneath tho mass of sophistries which
self Interest bad advanced. But during
tba balance of tha trip and for many
days thereafter ha waa moody and dla*
trangbt Occasionally tha thought 0*
traded Itaalf that poaalWy at noma later
day Tartan would regret bla magna*
almlty and elaim hit rtghta.
-Several daya aftar thay raarbed Bil*
timnra Clayton broached tha snbject af
aa tarty marriage ta Jana. H
"What 4a ran awan by tartyr aba f,
-WMWa tha aait ftw day*. I
rscnra ta Kngland at oa*n-I want yoa
\m wWw&tW wiii mmt ww*
-I real ant rtady aa aaaa aa tbat,"
rtfttsd Jaaa. "It wW tana a vhaM
asaath at laaet"
•hn tm tttO. Mr ttatopni tttt
whattnf eaflad htm m ttotmoo iniM
not* faawo w mmo itmpieim  wan me* ip-
ttmo rptp W WPOtOOoWtt
tw 00
flfil Vmti*
-Ai^k   m^m   At
%3&wmm\wmWm Ml plfl MfflfBI
-Tory waH, lata," he aaH  "t ra
Wtjntt «ralt §
^^aLo^^^   Aaa   t^^m^m^o  an.
pwty.haf WmmVm9Onyom<l*i j mmmtooboXmomoml
||mm^*<^^   —^^^^ |*^g^   ^i^^ g£ #^^^^ *   ttt^^.^^—^9  ^^^M  |tt^^^.^^   -m-.   ^^,    t^^^L,  ^^   W*^^^.
**a*at^*mm* www w*w -^^ *w bbb^^ j %jwtyttm anm ttt^^t to tw torn tw tamp
■»wv ,,.   mi.,  ftwi**  *.**** 0 ip*' itaiaMm*
«M'»n P.*m*-*m*i*    mt** mm  waa     tt» ommot btttm that
a*tn.    1,-4 mm. .p- «*• mmntm •   mmm ibmo W^mftit <it»two m
Ott *»■-«»i*» pat***p*   %-nnao mm   mo *»amommi+*i *4 Ma
khmbI  mm Pm**  l».«."f» tO* fm PI    0* Pm* tamme tmpme. mam mp
mm.** t»». mmm* mm,***em mtbrnam   0* wn*m%Am«tt$ *** tHotoom Pimm
<*i«« t.«. I'-mtm*    1"*   i*«*o «•«»• ••   a***
m*' - tf tm** tm->m   **n*tt*om   •«•«-•     ami
n 1 ''«•*•* •*•"• * -» r?.
"k.,    » . - * -9*     **** »*-*f am*      „
OPht "m ttm- *o«M'Na t tmm   o**t opo      «
la*..*    ■> it* iti'** m
-a„r^at%    tamm     *tt*t   I*.-****   m
a mm mmt   than mumm t**mF
90 -ai-na.-. intiitaA Am
.»»"*»rf.-»» t»»f hmtoo ** no tint
. tmm4*% ***• rm mom m at*
t *ttm   -fi rfk.  aitenlttnwm ttt
• Im- t. "««'  Mil* M
England you will seldom, if ever, seo
ber."
"Yes," replied the girl. "And the
Biiddest pact of It ull Is tbat she ls not
marrying the man she lores. Ob. It i»
terrible! Marrying from a sense of
duty! 1 think It is perfectly wicked,
aud I told ber so. But Jane Porter has
couvlnced herself tbat she is doing tho
ouly honorable tblug that she cau do,
• nnd nothing lu tbe world will prevent
her from marrying Lord Creystoke ax-
cept Oreystoke himself or death."
"I am sorry for ber." snid Tartan.
"And 1 am sorry for the man sho
loves." said the girl, "for he loves btr.
1 never met liliu, but from what Jaao
tells mo be must be 11 very wonderful
person. It seems tbat he wns born In
nu African Jungle and brought up by
tierce, anthropoid apes, lie bad uever
aeen a white man or woman until Pro-
ftttMor Porter and bis purty wero mn-
rooued on tbe const rinlit at the threshold of IiIh tiny i-ahlti. lie saved tbem
from all niuuner or terrible beasts and
flcfompllfthed the mont wonderful feats'
imaginable, mid then to cap tbe climax
lie fell lu love with .lone mul *he witb
lilm, tliougii ►Iio ui'ver I'tuUy know It
fur suiv mull *tiv iuul piouiUud bursttlf
to Lord tircystoke."
"Jllont r*Hitnrkiibte-"'liiiirm«N'd Tar-
niii. cudgi'lluu IiIh lirnln for some pro
titxt ii|miii whleb l« turn tbe subject.
IL- delighted In heurliiK lltixot Strong
talk of June, but when lie was Iho
fcubJiK't of (be -tinsverwtIon be waa
buyil mid t'liilKimi^til. Rut be waa
•wil givwi n iwplie, for the girl's
.niitthcr Jolm-d tbmii and Uie tutk be
t iini gruirai.
Tl.e iii'Kt f»'»v ilayw |himmhI unevtnt-
i'ii.i>. I-i*' »«.u nu** i|ini'i. The sky
wn* clwir. Tbe Hieniiief |il«wwl Ntead-
V* 011 touiird tin- Mint tt witbiuit [muit.
Out* dny Tuny in found XIH* Htning tn
tiHinrviitloii with n "irniiger. n man
be liml not kwh ni| bonrd liefore. As
bc tippnwHiH iln« iinipto the man haw*
««d to iIh-> girt mid uiiiitil tm walk away.
"Walt. M, Thiiran.H«ld MI««Htn»ng,
••ymi niiiKt mret Mr Cnldnell We aro
alt ri-lliiw |iniMrn).'t<*r<4 and «h<intd I* sc-
l|H'lllllid "
Ttw« two irn^fi nhmlt bilndf   As Tar
Ml) Iin4mI Into Hm> -frrs itf M T'lnran
lw waa •ttriirh by tlw stntntrp famlltar-»
Ily «tf iMr MpfKiMlon.
M Th i».v.» AH»-.wn) III at tmm,, Thr-
t»i> |i»t.l iltlU' b***4 to thr «vtt»nr**»tloo
1 imi fiitNMl kr wn* alitmidtitg to ra-
twd where bm had nwt M. Thurso ba-
t«i'«' rtuit it bad Im'-m *io*Wt fMM-aWar
Httinin|aiui>« D* was |»o«HPv». I'rts-
•»nllj' lh* mm rmLt'lied Hwnw wn*t Ih*
girt «»b«I M Thniaa ta nwva Mr
, ,i~*t* *mttm*i twrn BMo IMr tpnPr. tar-
V.nti 1lllJi,|M'lii'iJ Jl' W «,V,I",W.***- 1I1W  *AV^#
Nt lb«> tin** and indie*! ib*- awkward
nuiiiorr )a Whlrh ha bandM tha rhalr
aw irn wr*Bt ww atlt. mat nam
wn- aoArhmt-o aaddta train "f mmo-
Hal** Mm tfM lOe mm.
M fkaran ihmI Ptrno trying tn and at
t*ti«w* la mob* a gimetet t)*tmiinm
tb* latt la tha eoavtrMitloa MfowMff
ih« mntlaa of thrtr vmmIIImi fpira aHa
^ ^^   ^^^^^^^jgptm^^jLmatu   m^k   ^m|k-ftiKi^   AsAm   Aajtid^a
in •^^"■niiwwfjr ww wim aw mm rinPHi
ifciwim iow hi Slhw NtfiaMt aad to
• iiataa Ms awti ta Ttrtsa 0* tnroot
l.. »Tn^i*m.«-
-ta^ a «        •    ami* -i *tf
Ut*-9 KUttM  **       -»*X- •     0*
1 inHH«at ••*•    *      >-■   . m>,
tonm Umm att"*
tl    IInmwi «
tNi lir i" tl
mmm (PBHPP AwWAw |g
a meo*a PamO **•
•mm to
■me- *
t tta*
'I am frartna »"rs»a m I
***. **omi4 ttw mbtr A nooitt
ft tm eottttSi«ad) I
l>
/I
A.
■-a
A
PERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
RIDA"Y
CALfcfe-kR YCONVENTION—FIFTH pAY
» *• •
(Continued from page six)
previous rerort. , ■ *
Report of International Board Member: •
Re Local Strikes (See Page 11 Proceedings First Day).
RRPORT OF COMMITTEE:    Your Committee concur.
MOVED aad Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED ,
Report of International Board Member: '
Re Construction (See Page? 12,13, and 14 Proceedings First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your Committee agree with the
International Board Member that there can be no reconstruction'
until the workers own the machinery of production and distribution
for use instead of for profit.
MOVED and seconded the adoption. '
MOVD Susnar—Seconded: That this section of the International
Board Member's Report toe read to the Convention.
-CARRIED"."*'   -■'.. . '*■'
Delegate Susnar addressed the Convention at length in connection iwlth this, as did International Board Member Livett, Delegate
Borford and Board Member Wheatley. The,matter was still under
discussion when adjournment was taken at 12.30 until 1.30.
AFTERNOON  SESSION. ♦
Chairman Irvine called the Convention to order at 1.30 p.m.
Delegates Zak, Davis, Marizola, Morris and Payne were recorded
absent.
Secretary Browne read the following telegram:
Sydney, NA, Fehy. 21st, 1919.
"E. Browne, Secy., Dlatrict 18, U.M.W. of A.
Calgary.
"Our convention thanks you for greetings and wish tho miners
of District Number 18 the success that^httends men who decide that
they will succeed. <'
(Signed) J. B. McLachlan.
MOVED Susnar--Seconded: That the foregoing telegram be made
part of the proceedings of the Convention.
CARRIED   *.•'■,
Upon request, International Board Member Livett was permitted
to read the following letter just received by him from International
President Frank J. Hayes:
Indianapolis, Ind., February 17, 1919.
Mr. Robert Livett,
,316 Beveridge Bldg., \
'. . Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Dear Sir and Brother: v "' ■'
I have your letter of the 12th In regard to the Edmonton field.
I note that the operators In this region are contemplating a reduction |n the wages of the men. I am pleased to note that it is
your information that Mr. Armstrong is opposed to tbls policy of
the operators. In view of the position of Mr. Armstrong, I feel
that you can win out in your contentions.
1 trust that yourself and Organizer Rees will get in touch with
the Department of Labor and protest strongly against any reduction
ln the wages of our people In this region. You can Inform the
Chief of the Department of Labor that the International organization intends to resist any such reduction and that, if such reduction
is" permitted, it will have direct effect upon the entire situation
in District No.. 18 and ls liable to cause a condition which will
seriously interfere with the production of fuel. The time to stop
this move Is right now and I trust the Department of Labor will
eee this matter in this light. I shall be glad to hear from you again
concerning same.'       ■ " ,
Fraternally yours,
FRANK J. HAYES, President.
 a!OVE!^ohnst©3i--Seoeaded^r«w-a4-^bat^hls-H)ommunieation^
be Incorporated in the records of the Convention.
CARRIED
The Chair announced that the, Convention was still considering
the section of the Report of the International Board* Member dealing
with reconstruction. \
Delegates Eastham, Thachuk, Wheatley, Susnar, Berford, John-
aton and McNab took part in the discussion. Delegate McNab
differed with the Chairman that the Convention was dealing with
that section of the International Board Member's report, contending
that lt was with reference to tbe Western Conference that had
been under consideration at the noon adjournment, and appealed' to
tho records to verify this.
Reference to the records brought forth the Susnar motion to
read that section of the International Board Member's report dealing with reconstruction had been carried and the motion to adopt
tho recommendation of the Committee relative to that section of
the report was before the house, the Chairman therefore ruled that
the term reconstruction covered everything and consequently discussion relative to the Wee tern Conference was properly ln order.
The motion to adopt the recommendation of the Committee re
this section of tbo International Boagd Member's report was
MOVED,end Seconded the adoption.
Report of International Board Member:
Ro Trades and Labor Congress (See Page 14 Proceedings First'
Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your Committee concur. Have no
commont to make.
MOVBD and Seconded the adoption. ,
CARRIED
International Hoard Member's Roport:
Ile Freo Speech (See Page U Proceedings Flrtt Day).
REPORT OP COMMITTEE;   Your Committee concur and as
this bus already been dealt with, needs no further comment.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED
MOVED McRoberts—Seconded Johnston:  The adoption of the
Report of the International Hoard Members as recommended as a
who!*,
CARRIED
Report of Cost of Living Commissioner P. Wheatley:
Re 12 per cent increase necessary to bring standard up to 100
per cent as recommended by Commissioner.  (Set Pages % and 3
Proceedings Second Pay).
REPORT OP COMMITTEE: Your Committee concur and reewm-
mend that on renewal of contract this standard must be attained.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED
Report of Cost of Living commissioner P. Wheatley:
Rt achievements of scheme and continuation of same with tlxed
minimum below which wages shall not r-pced*. (Pee ftp* %, Proceedings Second Day). '
JlWPOItT 1W COMMITTEE-   Your Committee roiieur.
MOVED and neconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Report of Cost of Mvln« Commissioner V. Wheatley:
He Cot! of Admlnlftm-tion lo Dlsttl-M nnd amount of nildlllousl
remuneration  rwwlved by mi»ml»«rBhlp thrmitth operation of Commission.   <Hw Pago 3, Piwi-wdinga Second Day.)
nwonT nt* r*n****tin*'**.T*i •**•.,,9 n ....•,-,**,., ... ,. -» ,» 1* . *.
■j^i.Toin-M-'-r t** *\i\* ft**iiei*i"itt*xt -nnd tlt-rn"! i'-*i» tii-lp-ntl-vi iif 1*1* t*nv.
veutlott to this suction,
Moved and Seoondad tht adoption.
MOVED MrR©h*t*-Seconded Johnston: The adoption ot tho
Rupert of the Cost of Living Commissioner as a whole.
'• 1 ntnifr,
Roport of Solicitor Ostlund:
Re Solicitor's Report as round on Pagel II, 15. !«, to end ot
second paragraph on Page 17. Procf*dlngB First Itoy.
REPORT OP COMMITTEE: Commltte* havt no comment to mako.
He 8uu«silont tbm third paragraph. Page 17. Proceedings First
D»v>.
REPORT OP COMMITTEE: Yonr Commitu* nonconcur in the
t)itwrt**i1rir, mOrrt*4 Xiv OoiHrl'nr f1**lnii4 It* i*i**i,lr*v nvt, tnwvrr tor thi*
whole ol DJstrkl 1*. A rvnoMlcm t'onvertiUis which U still hvtur*
the Convention. <S*» !»»*« 11. Piw**dlnM Fourth Day).
MOVED and Seconded the adoption of tho rscommandatiott.
MOVKD AlomAoy-r-A-mmbmt Thachak: That Solicitor Osttnad
otttmt th* -f-wawcaithHB.
r tummy.
HoUrtt**' f***ttmd tAArrm**** •*— •" **■-*■**-■ **> ft< ^n* nm«l4»nihla
'»iirth. AM*t*~~ -"V 't-tt *-n*9t-:. ■*■*" -• ' *•*" • iv \t**y diving the
put ytar In wlnnt* itt-tafi  At *h* rrmft***** *••> ** »«*»■»■■»*> i***ni**r mt th»
* V-
PAGB SET9
delegates interrogated Solicitor Ostlund con^Tun^: cases affecting individual locals, among which was Resolu^W No* 6, from Hillcrest,
regarding the charge of $10 each made upljnT^-f pendants of 'the Hillcrest disaster. (See page 4—Proceedings, Thigg£jDay.) Solicitor Ostlund advised the delegation that his contract Srith the District at the
time of he Hillcrest disaster permitted him charging $50 for each
compensation claim Had this been strictly adhered to his fees would
haYe amounted to approximately $7,500; but in view of the tremendous number of claims arising out of this explosion a situation which
had never been anticipated by either parties to the contract, and in
view of the depleted condition of the district treasury at the time of
the disaster, a special verbal agreement had been reached between
him and ex-Secretary Carter whereby he, Solicitor Ostlund, agreed to
close up the entire matter for $2,500, $1,000 of which was paid from
the District funds and the remaining $1,500 to be collected by the
solicitor through assessing each of the dependants $10. Board Member Price voiced strenuous opposition to the assessment of this fee
upon the dependants of those killed in the explosion. Secretary
Browne, in connection with the Williams and Rees versus Wayne
Local and individual members thereof, read the following excerpt from
the judgment of the Honourable Mr. Justice Simmons:
"The Local Union, however, is not liable in regard to anything
subsequent to the date when the plaintiffs last returned to work,
about the middle of January, 1918. What took place after that was
the individual action of the union men in the camp, and there is no
evidence that the Local Union authorized it
"It is clear, however, that a corporation, an individual or individuals associated as a partnership, are the only entities known to
the common law capable of suing or being sued, with the exception
of incorporated trade unions under the Trade Union Acts, and as the
Local Union does not come within any of these it can be reached only
by suing the individual members. [Taff-Vale Railway Company vs.
Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, 1901, A.C. 626.]
"The Officers of the Local Union were the agents for the individual members, and the principal is bound by the authorized acts of
the agent acting within the scope of his authority.
"The individual members of the Association or Local Union were
each liable for what was done by their agents.
"The defendants do not deny membership in the Local Union
during the period when the boycott took place. Two of them, Young
and Stefanucci, took an active part as Officers of the Union.
"There will, therefore, be judgment against the defendants for
each of the plaintiffs for   .   .   ."
MOVED Berford—Seconded Peacock closure of debate.
CARRIED. %
The motion to adopt the recommendation of the committee, which
was non-concurrence in the Solicitor's suggestion to employ one
lawyer for the whole District, on being put to a vote, was
CARRIED.
Solicitor's Report—Re tabulated actions pending in cases decided (See pages 17 and 18—Proceedings, First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your ^committee approve of these
cases.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.'
MOVED and seconded the adoption o£ the Solicitor's report as
recommended by the committee as a3whole.
CARRIED. D
Report of Delegate to Alberta Federation of Labor Convention—
Re Introduction, Officers' Reports and Compensation (Pages 18 and
19—Proceedings, First Day).
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: Your committee wish to direct the
attention of the Convention to the apathy of the Governments in connection with these matters and concur in the delegate's report con-
MOVED and seconded the adoption,
CARRIED.
Report of A.F. of L. Delegate—Re Resolution (Page 19—Proceedings, First Day).
REPORT OP COMMITTEE:  Your committee concur in the resolutions favoring Industrial Unionism and the general strike as a
weapon of defence when necessary; also demanding lifting of the ban
on free speech and the release of political prisoners.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
A very lengthy discussion followed relative to this recommendation, and was heartily discussed by several of the delegates. The
Chairman finally, in order that tho Convention could intelligently discuss the matter, put the following questions to the committee:
First—What form of Industrial Organization do the committee
recommend?
Second—Do thc committee favor an immediate change and if so
how do they propose to effect such change?
A recess wns declared in order to permit the commltteo to bring
in their report, but prior to this tho Chairman announced that Board
Member Wheatloy had been called away from the Convention on account of tho critical illness of one of his children.
MOVED Roes—seconded: THAT a motion of sympathy bo extended to Brother Wheatloy,
CARRIED.
AFTER RECESS.
The Acting Chairman of.Committee upon Convention resuming
session submitted the following answers to the questions put by tho
Chair, briefly prefacing same:
Answer to First question:The committee favor complete industrial unionism.
Answer to Second question—But ugree with thc Alberta Federation of Labor to put same into effect as soon as practicable.
Tho Chair intimated that then* answers wero hardly specific
enough to enable thc Convention to discuss the matter intelligently,
In as much as there were at least two kinds of industrial unionism,
viz., the I.W.W. and that for which the U.M.W. of A. aspired. Tho
-ucUiig chairman oi' tho i;uunuituu thur-uupuii mhiw.il tbv Limit- ihat
the committee were of the opinion that this was of too momentous
-a question to be decided by the committee and should rex-, ive thc consideration of the delegation as a whole.
Tlie debate re-opened, Delegate McRoberts expressing at length
his views upon the matter. Vice-President Christophers followed, advancing tho reasons which had prompted him to Introduce thin resolution at the A.F. of L. Convention, to which Delcgatu Sin-mar replied
that his views did not wholly correspond with those ftuhmittod by
Vice-President Christophers. Delegate Potter debated the qurmtlon of
general strike, and during the course of his remark* criticim! tho
District Executive Bonrd for, nn he put it, "not being big enough to
declare n strike without taking a referendum," during lhe strike of
tho postal employee's. This brought forth 11 protect from Delegate
jiuMiar, tuiu curilniiliii .aut it -•>****■ iwiluftji .-i.i.r-. ot un iimuU upwfi
tho Dl>»tti«t Kx«*:utlit* Ilourd. Th-i\v had at no iim<- < i."l*.nui#d to
rtiirk rwponsiblllty of ofHe«\ but upon lhe nmision in liuemlon th"
only dcmiwratlr method of deciding what action wn.i to If tuV.t-n I'lf
Uy riifi'ri'.ii-f U> th*» iimk ami lite. DpIi-k-u'i' IVtitci k«vi *„k,. I*, ib"
pxprii'Milon tlmt "I'Vniii' l.iwal vouM com'' nut fur iriji'n'ng," TH,*;
indiscretion brought Srcmlary Browne immediately to hi* f«>ot with
dn emphatic demand fur ri'UBCUon, a.* h*» insi*t«-d sruno '*«* a mont
iiupurUkii'SJ ri'ttt'tuuti utKiu kiw uin&MM.nm 1*11*1 .h,>m.i,u> vy uihiuv.
Delegate Potter contended tn* wa* within bit* rmht* in nwtking tiie
t,t;.\,:v,i.;,i mml ivimtUti 5».»- f.-mAut-iittti of it.i*.A.n i..'n-*t>fti.tti.:in' !•>.■■•
tween the District Oflice and F-* mie Local Union relating to the mat.
t.t*r **t t* tsvmiwiilwtlc #i|**k«-> in '*v«r *»f tlir- «v»s*!»| t*pf,n',*-t*,*ei-*i, wl*«-*n
the Convention twinned on Monday.
AIWOITiXMKXT «ai ti»V-n at S.M p.~i, ytil 9 a.m.  Monday.
February 21th, 191ft.
SEVENTH  |i/tY_MORVINt;.
Chairman Irvine called the Convention to order at A "0 a,nt.  Ah-
».-thi-«-,-i ri-cnrde'*-! tin Vn,* n,\\ vni\ \:,'i->* Hmi Mrl'mumi, 11 fir: n-y ni.d
■Merriwn.
Report -of C-fi-mtttHU"* **n trlttrem' H*»*|»Artn ewntiniK-d:
R«> report of A.F. of I* delegafo r*»e«mmerwlation e«meiirrlnir in
ib-p ifw-i-eilut k»n*; favorlnir I*;d-4*4nal Uni^aiAin awl lien* t*l Htike sn*
weopon* nt detewe when necessary.
Ih^ato on tlw ahow wat rwwtmied V* IVIp-wii-wi I'limiwr. Kast-
hnm end othem vl'-ro, en a mif»«*l»>n ff persona! 0***'':t ■ ve. Interna*
tfi'.r,-*' Orpnnl'M- Ree.< ann'ttrr J l,» l]„* *\t},rpn1hm *!'«' Mr, Peter
Wr'"'■".. *-t f^ «?f>i»»ir«'* t*i*t1 vivtinirm*', tTnfen  of fTr<^nf Britain, won
^'itntiimiMl on pafa eijrht)
army
The Bolsheviki
Constitution
Following is the.constitution of the
Russian Socialist .Federative Soviet
Republic:
Constitution
1. The Russian Republic is a free
Socialist Societj- of the working population of Russia, who are united in
town and village Soviets.
2. The Soviets of those provinces
which, by the national customs and
composition, belong together will be
united in autonomous provincial unions (Oblastnie), at the head of which J
stand the provincial congresses ot Sov-!
lets and other executive organs.
3. The Provincial Soviet Unions
are attached on federal principles to
the Russian Socialist Republic, at the
head of which stands the All-Russian
Congress of Soviets and (in the period
between Congresses) the AU-Russian
Central Executive Committee.
The Franchise
1. The right of choosing and of be-
ing chosen as deputies for the Soviets
shall be exercised by the following
citizens of both sexes who have attained their eighteenth year on the
day of the election:
(a) All who -can earn their living
by productive work or work of public
Importance ahd are members of the
trades unions, such as:
(i.)   Workers and employees of
all kinds engaged in Industry,
trade, and agriculture,
(ll.)   Peasants and Cossacks who
possess  land  and  employ  no
hired labor,
(lii.)   Employees andi workers in
Soviet Institutions.
(b) Soldiers  of  the  Soviet
and fleet
(c) .Citizens who used to belong to
categories (a) and (b) of parasraph
(1) and have partly or entirely lost
their working capacity.
2. The following can neither vote
nor be voted for, even If belonging to
one of the former categories:
(a) Persons who employ others for
profit.
(b) Persons having unearned incomes, such as interest on capital, revenue from estates, etc.
(c) Private tradesmen, merchants,
business agents.
(d) Ministers of religion.
(e) Emplojees of the former police, of the special gendarmerie, the
Ockarana (secret police), as well as
members of the old Russian ruling
house.
(f) Persons who, by established
order, are declared1 insane and deaf
mutes.
(g) Persons who are convicted of
avaricious or shameful transgressions.
Decentralisation
1. In all settlements (Villages,
small towns, etc.). ...one Soviet deputy shall be elected for each one hundred persons, provided that not less
than three or more than fifty deputies
are sent, from one settlement.
NjB.—In those places where it is
practicable, questions of adminlstra-
^ton^n^i^^-Becid?a"TnT3cllFT5y~th^
general assembly of electors,
2. For the carrying out of current
work, the Soviets shall appoint an executive body, composed of not more
than five of its members.
3. The election of Soviet members
is valid for three months.
4. The village Soviet shall be convened by the egecullv) body at least
twice a month,
5. An ordinary meoilnat of the Soviet shall be called by the executive
body either for official purposes or by
request of nt least one-third of the
Soviet members.
6. The executive body of the Soviet
Is entirely responsible to the Soviet.
7. Within the bounds of Its Juris-
diction, tbe Soviet Is the supremo power df the district. v
NM?.—-Where administrative questions nro decided by a general assembly of the electors, the supreme power belongs to this later.
Cantonal (Volosniol) CongresseM of
Soviets nro -composed of delegates
from tho above described village Soviets (ono delegnto from ten inembern);
District (Pyexdnl) Congresses of
Rovlrts nro composed of not mom
than thirty representatives of tho vll-
llge Soviets, ono member beln& eloe'nd
for every thouBnn'l Inhabitants.
Government i-fJubernHklt Congresses are eleclod from niemluiiM of tho
Cantonal (Volostnoit CougrcsreA.
Oblnrtnl CongrpsHCH fonnliit of dele-
KftteH ImSii thn town Sovl'M.
The supreme nluh<.H\v In tho Russian Republic In tho All-KiisHiiin Con-
jJtrcHii of Soviets. Tho PoiiBi'rss consists of delegates from the town Sov.
lets (ono for every 25,000 eleitorwt ami
didiignten from thu Covinitiueiu (flub-
ornski) Congresses of Si.'elt (one
delegate representing U'l.fiii'l electors).   The All-Itusislan {'>»nxr-'',t must
Have you bought you r
WBkmfflmm
>/e sell them
Put your
THRIFT
STAMPS
oa an
Earning
Basis
V
%GS^
Remember, when you are
filling up your Thrift Card
that the 25 centThrift Stamps]
which you can buy wherever
you see the above sign, are
simply a means to an end
Thrift Stamps earn no interest
The interest begins when your
Thrift Card, filled with 16
Stamps, is taken to the Money*
Order Post Office^Bank or
other place displaying the
Beaver-Triangle sign, and exchanged as $4.00 in the pur*
chase of a War-Savings Stamp,
which costs $4.02 this month.
War-Savings Stamps earn 4fc
per cent compound interest,
being redeemable on January
1st, 1924, for $5.00 each.
a
§{-*3ISJcMcia^^
DiFeetopyofD.M.W,ofA.
DISTRICT 18
Headquarters, 316 Beveridge Building, Calgary, Alta.
President, Tom Biggs. VicerPresident, P. M. Christopher,
Secretary-Treasur-cr, Ed. Browne
International Board Member, R, Livett
District Board Members
William Hunter, Ferine, B. C, Sub. Dist. No. 1
Tom Price, Hillcresti Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 2
Chas. Peacock, Lethbridge, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 3
Prank Wheatley, Bankhead, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 4
John Kent, Wayne, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 5
Ales. Susnar, Brule, Alta., Sub. Dist. No. 6
-Kjteve^egmuT-Disteict^rg-airizBr-
District Solicitor, IL Ostlund, Lethbridge, Alta.
Im» convened roKulnrly t*-Uv yearly
bv  %*
Address
Fernie, B. C.
Michel, B. C.
Corbin, B. O.
Coleman, Alta.
Carbondale, via Coleman
Blairmore, Alta.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
Hillcrest, Alta.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Federal Mine, Lethbridge
Coalhurst, Alta.
Commerce, Diamond City, Alta.
Tuber, Alta.
Buulvhcflil, Alta
Canmore, Altn.
Nordegg, Alia.
Wayne. Altu.
Dfittiihelk-r,  Alta.
Ko-budule, Altu.
Aerial, Alta.
Itninifipll.'T, Altn.
DnitiilwIliT, Alia.
Moiiiireh Mine, Alta.
Yi'llawheiiil, Conlspur, Altn.
Luvi'tt. Alia.
Oliphant Munson. via Coalspur
I iin mow! City, Alta.
Mountain Park, AHa.
Milo L'i'. Conls|uir. Alta.
Piiealmtitiis, Altn.
Bn»iv, Alta.
llilintiflhtnlii* Mini*,
iu, '.Ia; t uUu  Culli'.ii
. V--h ..r*rt
not number more titan '.!<*»• ini'inh'-rsi,
and In tho fftiprnmn |io\v<t in tho He-
iiiihlii' '.-'hnii OiMiKrowt ih not Hitting.—
Catnhrlilgo Magaulne.
— — —o —
j     l.dNIHi.V,--Si-VMir   liefiiro   Iin*   W
Rrivi'rnmpiit i|i»inirtnif»n» In thin wiun-1
try ilurwl tn lnk» th<> qnprccfilonloil
arllnn of thrffttrnlnit tn «n»ln» »h« iiii'i
i Inn fnn'lM ni n |itinl«htui>iu i'ir «tr|t««}
j n«1lvlllf«,    Thl*  Mtt'ii  wnn, how«»v«r,
t»*kfn hy thn Ministry of I.hImu. wlw«n
| It   iftrfiiMy  HiimtnopH   M«vtrril  mi'tn-
, lit*r* of lliu lilwirii-rtl Tnuli's I'lilon',
j pv«.<i-iitivii nntl iiittirmi tl ilnni tli"t  it
I llif}' t»i*r.'l; it'll In tho Hlmrtv of irml-f
' ti'ilim   Hf'lnn.   "tlii'ii   t'te   nui'stiiii   tit
\ft-\,-,ii\i* thi> nnlott ftintli woiill b,* t»(r-.
• i»»u-»i-   ftiiiti,l,Ti*,i"'    T1ii»  Ijilmr .Ifli.-
kbi'fui wn* jnforitvi tbnt thr* nnivit|«>*»
"   "     FWirlm! Tm1!    " "
:57(iu
-I'VMi
■lus4
KvaiiKl»uruli, Altn.
Card iff, Altn.
Twin tiiy Mimm,
Sltirtfi-iiti Mint'. Ktlinoiilou
Dawtsim Mint'. lvlnii»ntoti, Box 7fl2
(lover Bar. Htratlwoiui
C«ml City, Ta»n»r
Hi'sral <'nHl«'rii% TiiImt
Secretary
Harry Martin
Heury Beard
C. Scarpelli
John JbluiHton
Dan Rogers
Rod McDonald
Evan Morgan
John Brooks
Frank Lote
Charles Peacock
Matt Petras
Percy Spencer
Albert Zak
Alex. McRoborU
Frank Wheatloy
N. 1). Thachuk
James Bewuher
John Kent
T. V, Thompson
Hy. .Smith
Kinil Usibello
\. Parker
J. K. Aibuns
Robert Varry
J. P. Morris
Iv Lund
Joseph Ottiiond
Tom Sliannon
Pete TiRsino
W. C. Stephens
L. A. Williams
Ah's. MttKegnn
11H18 iiijili Avi'tisH-, Kdmonton
Clini Taylor
Louis Horx
W. J. Botirf|tio
!»710-85tli Ave., Strut henna
I-Mntl Jtmes
John Jttnlan
Thulium Colon
11  BurghiirtU
William Durlmm
(!. H. Davis
I
wsr^jirasw^^
f-^kA: ,i ,k.l
,.!»i^feSw-iS**fcfe.|i(!ifc.#te!i.*a
I of   III*
iwlltl?
Ilfttl«
" iir't.
fumr.-i
♦•Itmclv    will *lf<*j|'.
In  portnlttltin th«*
■1'   \\%,,,!..vi.-ji  ,\r -■
ani In rtit't*:"' «if
t'llltlll    «!<!■!>
lh«i    it"    l»f
i-i'tpimifi'  of
, it   r.ir   '1,1,*,,
th«' t'!*(*firif
9-
IN MEMORY OF YOUR
BELOVED DEAD
»,,   tlx, t.rtf-itti,!*
In init* rmtttttI'mi. »t* *ilit»uiil »»'   r*
nidmlM-riil timl tin' r«tli«..r t.ium l.i>*i
^.n,   -B-Ht-i   till t   1tt>tf*r,*   '111*!    Mlt«t'i*#'f  ill
i -1i*:.*.|*    »*■*      V-..--' 'i    • »i"»*5.-iniii*!    ti".     ;>
"rtcrn   atlmlnlntrnt'ir."    trim-'-'     >'•
• ».,», ,.    ■ »* **    '. -.»■.*.   ■*
IITI     nr»'V mit •*     "nvtT'i'ii-iii.       j.t*     t-
. m'»-n*>inrv"!iiit   wti'i   r-'Rnrifi   «''■   tl,.»
, |'.ii»i ».f tlntifi'r- tjit» Mml-ttr> -of !«tli->r
: :|.»  ttfiv;  r- i?'4r**h"l  U i t'll'-ll*
.»  Kin,'
1.1,11...
pn
I     ,!■<■'■'),*»i<
■,,-,-:.  tf-
itn*mnri,'ii jitniH" nf any
: :i- •' v rili', t-IVn*!," jih, i
ni,   j i>'.ii|m   m-t-nn't**,
Hi  <»t|i-t\
•ii  m>'iit»ttit .ti «»» itMtittit t uiiiit4o..» iiiariiii"
,'...*■   i.       i >■>    -.,.    ti.i  .,i,i.ti.i,'t   ..ot    ■■**>.    tiut.tilkk.iit
.ii.ii ,iti ■ u-i*.,i^ ihuirM ami
:** -'   *  ':-'. •'     ;''.v*'ng a*t a
♦ii/!', it any <!.■*;.-ripjjntt. v<»u should at
'   lt!:iil   \i I, ,)■ -.).- : J.,!  .1-' 7,i' i,,V (U'ift'M
it  Witi in- it> vow- «itiit!iiH!ft' tt» wrtl«?
i. n tiilii tlti
t:*nXti
****(.
POU SALE
.     Twi» jHtlt-s ti'mii l.iiitiliirt' -I.. Unit
A,.,.*',„„    it   }.,..]      .,l|        t,-l.*-,*,)'        "*     :x
'';, i, n i n!'i ■ .ill <l- ; -".<r\-i"9 ;r\\ ^
riv-t-r front: ttix-rooitii»J boti*»i*:
m*. jlh li;i«.i'iiii'itf;. b.irii Itilx'Af*', <«lii!i«' *
.. Wldt for »t;ititi"*; flltl'kt'tl llOU-«' iUut ,
■ji»»»<iti*i» ifin'lnitl<l*f»*r«: a t/nttti -j'siry*
•nr i*mlfrv *>1i***i* Wrif#t W. .I.i
!Lklit!iHil   owmr l
( W   -T   1ttih*hn*t '
2A4i        Londbrak, Alto.
Mrs, L Morel
I Marblehead, Lardo,
B
■■?r.x*8SMnm'j
IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE
k fe ^ *B*»8k*t--fei
HHRHM
y*l^Sft^'^i*^-A^ *
H
^^a^j-J^Wf-**^
PAGE EIGHT
PERNIE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, FRIDAY MARCH 14, 1919
I
CALGARY CONVENTION— SEVENTH DAY
now in the city and had accepted the invitation-to address the Convention.
MOVED Eees—Seconded Chapman:    THAT as a special order
of business Mr. Wright W permitted to address the Convention at
10.15 a.m.
CAREIED.
Discussion on the recommendation of the committee was resumed
by Delegates McNab and Chairman of Committee McRoberts, and
upon a vote being taken to concur in the recommendation of the
committee same was
CARRIED.
Report of A.F. of L. delegate: Re Lifting of the Ban on Free
Speech and the Release of Political Prisoners.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:    We concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Report of A.F. of L. delegate: Re Amendments to Coal Mines
Act    (See pages 19 and 20—Proceedings, First Day.)
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Report of A.F. of L. delegate: Re Compensation Act and Industrial Diseases.   (See pages 20 and 21—Proceedings, First Day.)
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Your committee concur.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Report of A.F. of L. delegate:   Re Reconstruction.   (See pages
21 and 22—Proceedings, First Day.)
already been dealt with it requires no further comment.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
MOVED and seconded the adoption of the-report of the delegate
to the Alberta Federation of Labor Convention as acted upon as a
whole.
CARRIED.
Secretary Browne then read the following telegram to the delegation:
"Ottawa, Feb.*22nd, 1919.
"Thomas Biggs, Calgary, Alta.: v
"Your wire of 21st quoting copy of telegram to Minister of Justice received. Will see that matter is drawn to the attention of the
Department of Justice and also to Minister in charge of North West
Mounted Police at once.
"(Signed) G. D. ROBERTSON,
"Minister of Labour."
The foregoing was relative to the communication received by
Secretary Browne from Paul Burak, Lethbridge, and action thereon
by the Convention.   (See pages 17 and 18—Proceedings, Fourth Day.)
MOVED and seconded:   THAT the telegram just read be incorporated in the proceedings of the Convention.
CARRIED.
Report of Committee on Officers' Reports continued:
Reports of District Tellers: Your committee concur in these
reports and have no comment to make.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
The chairman of the committee, McRoberts, announced that the
next report on which the committee had to report was that of the
District Auditor, but before submitting same expressed'the desire
that the Editor of "The District Ledger" submit his report to the
Convention. Editor Lawson thereupon complied with this request.
•        Report of Editor of "The District Ledger":
This Convention,J trust, is drawing near to an end.   It is with
"reluctance that I add still further to its expense by taking up any
of your time. Your property, however, in "The District Ledger,"
both from a monetary standpoint and as an influence either for the
benefit of harm of tho membership is such an important matter that
I would be doing you and myself an injustice if I did not place the
conditions plainly before you.
Financially, your property in "Thc. District Ledger" is a liability,
not an asset. You have a building and a plant which could not be
replaced at existing prices today for $20,000, and at the samo lime I
am honest in stating to you that if you could get one-quarter of that
amount for the whole business ami wipe tho balance off your books
you would be fortunate. Such a sale, I believe, is impossible. Ther«
is no demand for newspaper and printing plants, and the country is
covered with "has boons."
You wore told last year that the plant could be made self-sup-i,
porting anil at tbe same time you would be having a paper which
would help to solidify the district and fight your battles if necessary. You levied an assessment of 25 cents per member to get tho
paper under way, and out of a membership of eight thousand, approximately, you sent in about sixteen hundred Hiibs-jiriptions. Since
that, time thoro have been additional subscribers, both from inside
and outside the organization, und these, coupled with street sales
in Fernie, make un approximate circulation of 2,500 copies weekly,
Figures are wearisome, but an analysis of wages, cost of paper,
etc., show that, based on our present circulation, each copy of "The
District Ledger" costs $l.(W per year. From u business standpoint,
therefore, yon can readily understand why 1 have not been very
active in trying to build up a larger subscription list.
You have had the Auditor's report before you, and It showed a
net loss for the year of $1,360. I would call your attention to thc
fact, however, that the report covered thc entire year, and allowed
for a depreciation of $266.03 on land and buildings, $150.15 on furniture and fixtures and $718.81 on plant and machinery. It alao carries
the old loans from the district of over $3,000. The paper itself wai
running only for five months of the year, and In that period there
wan only one loan from the district, an amount of $600, and that wan
paid back within thirty day* of the time it wan borrowed.
On the face of theae figures ft would Deem that I have mnde
the j>a|/n M'il-MUppoitiiiK Mince Inking charge, inasmuch an out of
other receipts I have been able to put fn a hot water heating -system,
whiclj, cent approximately $600, and have mode repaint to building
•nd machinery which have cont over $700.   If I could keep up auch
0 pace I am sure you would be sat Lifted. Hut there U another aide
to it. The money I received from subscription* has all been spent,
and those subscriptions have another half-year to run. 1 won also
able to secure Hritiuh Columbia Government advertising to the amount
of over $2,000, and that transaction helped out our bank account. I
do not wc another -such advertising contract In night. Slackness of
work not only In Pernio but in every other camp is already having
a very scriuuN effect on both our advertising and our Job printing,
and the financial worries of the portion i bold aro not conducive to
the exertion of my imt efforts on the editorial end ot the paper.
Judging fnnn m<* ri-port I have read of your last Convention it
waa your h»\tt* thnt ih** job printing lutxinpiw would yield a profit
which would maki- up for any loss on the newspaper end. Job .printing I* profitable if you haw a given amount of work so adjusted that,
a number of giriH or cheap help can be rmployed. We have not that
amount of work, nor can it tw» s-uwumt in t'eroie. If the plant were
moved to Calgarv, an ban Iwmi ndvt***i*4, wt* would atill h* m »
disadvantage, for it i* not equippc-d for Micressftil eomfwtltlon with
th« plant* already herr-, ^our dmtrict job printing it. of course, a
considerable item, and checks from .Hccretery Urowne for such printing havo frequently ieJ»«vi'd my mmd an xb* weekly pay day drew
near.
Yoilf   I'Ot1*1i1ll1 ItH   T*irmv<r   ibi*.   r»>t*.*»ir,n<"i'.*ti»i-    t,,r   tl,,     ,,,,„,.„   ,,r,rr*
yonr Executive -Board, with whom, at the dom of thin Convention,
1 will enter Into serious diseuasion in ngard to the future of lhe
paper. To you, delegate*, aa you go back to your local*, I wont to
irive the message that if you think "The Dittrict l,cdg*r" is worth
while and want to make it more worth while something will hav« to
tie ilon* to keep It from losing th* vitality you would Atmir*. What
that oomelhing will lie in left in tho band* of thin Convention ami
of ih* V.rtfiitht, Bonrd.
Tbe tori'Uo'ing bas bein from tbe manaiff-r'-n vim point, tor fiom
the Editor's viewpoint tbe paper carries its own message each weelt.
Some weeks it Is very flat, I admit, while on other occasions it #»n-
**ys what might he of b<«n«ftt to tho district and of meourageiwnt
and «<tlw*1 tonal value to th* nm\ and file.
At ffte '■•"ty tlr"* f "-nrt* fo -"mp^a*f.■|.,.' ft'' ■**'"*■ ^•"*f ■'■> '''"C '■■*■
I havt control of lhe matter which appears in "The IMstrkt Ledger"
Its purpose will be to express what I beli've to be thc feeling of tbe
majority of the rank and file.. The Constitution throw?' responsibility
for the paper upon the District Board, and it was with that Board
that I made an agreement, to act as Editor. We had a full and frank
understanding that so long as there was no definite disapproval from
the rank and file in regard to the way the paper was being run I
would be given a. free hand. The Board has carried out the agreement .to the letter, and if "The District Ledger" has left out what
some think might have been published and published things which
others think should have not been published the fault is entirely my
own. Delegate Potter was in error when he stated in this Convention that the position of "The District Ledger" was similar to that
of "The Mine Workers' Journal" and that I had been told that nothing must be published detrimental to a district officer. I was told
nothing of the kind. I trust I have sufficient good sense to know
that it would be an injury to the district membership if I used "The
District Ledger" to "knock" any of the officials whom they had
elected, but at the same time the Board knows and 1 want the membership to know tbat if at any time I am convinced that the rank
and file would be benefitted by any criticism "The District Ledger"
could honestly make of any official, district or international, that
criticism will not be withheld, and I will take my chances of making ,
good with the rank and file. This does not mean that "The^District
Ledger" is open for free criticism of official matters, for I am sure
you will agree with me that "The District Ledger" is not the place
in which any dirty linen of the mine workers' family should be
washed. I would rather have it convey to the outside world the constant impression that within our ranks there was an absence of serious discord.
A resolution of last year provides that the policy of the paper
shall be "that of a purely labor paper." That is a rather indefinite
guide for an editor. The most prominent authority in labor on this
continent today, from an official standpoint, is Samuel Gompers. If
I were an admirer of Mr. Gompers I could run tbe paper along his
lines of thought and comply with the Constitution. On the other
hand, there is a labor organization of which those of you who read
thc newspapers might have heard, the I.W.W., and I might be a
disciple of the leaders of that organization and still comply with our
somewhat indefinite policy. As a matter of fact the policy of "The
District Ledger" is pretty much at the mercy of whoever you choose
as Editor, and it is up to you of the rank and Hie to. watch its columns, and if you disapprove of the Editor's policy take steps to have
him removed. I have been told in all seriousness by the general
manager of one of the big coal companies in Alberta and by a prominent Crown Prosecutor in Alberta that the present policy of thc
paper is Bolshevik and dangerous. I have respect for the opinions
of these men, and I pass those opinions along to you for consideration. If you think it in the interests of your membership for me to
put on the soft pedal don't be afraid to tell me so plainly. If I do
not care to follow your instructions or meet your wishes my replacement can be considered without any unpleasant consequences.
I want to bq frank with you in stating that I have been keeping
on what to me seems to be a soft pedal. On several occasions of
late I have written articles and, after sleeping on them, have thrown
them in the stove, for I havo no desire to be a martyr or to go to
jail. Twice I have been visited by secret service and censorship officials, and on both occasions they have given me subscriptions, and
were it not for violating a personal confidence I would like to.show
you a very kindly letter I received from one of these men only a
few weeks ago. I can tell you that even the secret service of this
country is not without its Bolshevik sympathizers, and if ever the
time comes when tbe workers assume control of industry, or control
of the bread basket, it will be surprising to you from what places
will spring some of your best friends. This is a delicate matter to
touch upon, and I will not go into details.
Business matters in connection with the paper I will have.to
take up in closer detail with your Board, but for my own benefit and
your information I would like to answer any questions you might
-^ar-e-to^uiHo-meTTrTegard tu ilrese~trasiness aiiairs, ~     ™
MOVED Susnar—Seconded: THAT report of Editor of "The District Ledger be included in the proceedings of the Convention.
CARRIED.
Some little discussion in this connection followed, and International Organizer Rees gave notice of motion that he intended to submit, when the proper timo arrived, a resolution dealing with "The
District Ledger" for consideration by the Convention. A motion to
receive the report of thc Editor, in being put to a vote, was
CARRIED.
Report of District Auditor: Re Audit and Statement of Income
and Expenditure for District 18, U.M.W, of A., and Balance Sheet,
December 31st, 1918.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   We concur.
MOVED aud seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
Report of District Auditor:   Ro Approximate Balance Sheet.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:    We concur, but recommend that
items—"District  Ledger,"  loan  account,  §3,592.18,  and' Lethbridge
Trades and Labour Council, $1,7-16.50—shown thereon ns assets be
written off as bud debts.
MOVED and seconded the adoption.
The chairman of committee explained the reason for bringing in
this recommendation was that from information obtnincd it was
exceedingly doubtful that the district would ever bu able to realize
on these accounts!, und consequently they were fictitious assets. Delegate MoNab gave a full explanation in connection with tbo amount
owing by the Lethbridge Trades and Labour Council, and confirmed
the statement by thc chairman of tho committee that the district
would be unable to realize on tbls, pointing out that the properly
by which the district had been secured by second mortgage had been
foreclosed by tho mortgagor holding first mortgage on same, and
waa now belli by the first mortgagor.
Delegate Berford requested Delegate Potter to explain why the
amount of $781,.'10 por capita tax was outstanding from Gladstone
Local Union, No. 231-1. Delegate Potter responded that this arose
in January, 1018, through disagreement between Gladstone Local and
the District Oflice, arising out of tho refusal by tho district to advance the expenses nf Brother Sherman a» dolegnte to the Briti-ih
Columbia Federation of Labour, when he acted at that Convention In
the capacity of delegate from Fernie Local. The second month's per
capita tax In arrears was brought about through the idleness of the
members of Fornio during the single-shift strike. Further discussion
was Indulged In, and debate was closed by regular motion being
passed that discussion on this matter cease,
The motion to adopt the recommendation of tho committee, on
being put to a vote, was
CARRIED.
MOVED Ilartley-^Seconded Urowne: THAT this Convention go
on record pausing a vote of deepest sympathy to our Brother Board
Member Wheatley in hi* sad bewavement by thc death of his infant
son Ralph, which occurred in Calgary on Saturday last, The Chair
railed for a rising v*t*. and the motion of condoknet wa*
CARRIED t?KANIWOl!SI.V.
Report of Auditor: Re Hillcrest Relief Fund and Assessment for
"The District ledger."
REPORT OF COMMITTEE:   Committee concur.
MOVED nnd seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
r, ,    . A, .',.r'..,.„,.   «»., ,**„.,,. t„    ,m- tstetM'i ix-wgcr.
vvvoV'T ^r cmHinTj:.  vr, <■„«&.
MOVED and wof-»did the adoption.
CARRIED.
MOVED Berford—Seconded ftiisnar.-: THE adoption of the
Auditor's Report as accepted en bloc.
MOVED Potter—Beoonded: THAT tho decision, of Iho Conven-
tlon rotative to continuation of methods or Axing wages through
medium or Ihe Coat of Living Commission be reconsidered.
CARRIED.
Tho Chairman directed tbe attention of Ihe Convontlon to tho
torepnlttt m-offon hiving tpivffM no tlm-? far rccoaaUI-tutU/n of thi*
mattor and ihetwforo ruled that tamo would come up whon Cost
of Living Cotiuuls-sl-uucr U'luiiitUiy ***** in «u«i*>iUih«.
Mr. Peter Wright, the gaost ot tb** convention, having arrived,
tbf> Chair directed that th# tpeeM or4*r of twslnem pemttlla*
Mr. Wright tn address tho Convention waa next in order, and
T*tnifnit*4 him to addroea tha delegation. Mr. Wright delivered a
very ttiliyUt'iiiat address to tho tPlepaten. ai the- conclusion of
wtikk fWUi***W it******' i«m»«*i*»l Ut. VV-nitnt ia nmwer n ntimWr
of qnoftkms which ho •abmltted, at tho same tlmo oatlinlng his
reasons for presenting theso questions.    Sir.  Wright responded In
detail and also answered a number of questions submitted by the
various Delegates.
On a motion to close debate, w\hich was carried, adjournment f
was taken at 12.10 until 1.30 p.m..
AFTERNOON SESSION.
The Convention convened at 1.30  p.m. with International Organizer Irvine in the Chair.   Delegate Davis was the only Relegate
who failed to respond to the Roll Call.
Delegate Susnar, on a question of personal privilege, requested
that he be permitted to have the Press make a correction on account
of having misquoted bim during the discussion at a previous session. ,
The Chair advised that this niight better be deterred until representatives of .the Press were present.
MOVED Berford—Seconded: That the District Executive Board
be instructed to enquire into the legality of tho disposition of the
funds of Gladstone Local No. 2314 and ascertain the causes as to
why the arrears O'f Per Capita Tax had not been paid to the District.
CARRIED.
Report of Resolution Committee:
RESOLUTION NO. 14, submitted by Michel Local No. 2334:
Whereas, a closer relationship with our International is
absolutely necessary dn the negotiating pf a new wage scale;
And whereas, the adoption of the non-suspension policy
by our District will force taie hand of the International in the
event of a failure to negotiate an agreement with the operators;
Resolved, that this question be submitted to a referendum
vote of the District, such referendum tb take place as soon
as possible after the Delegates have reported to their respective Locals.
REPORT OP COMMITTEE: This matter haying been dealt with
during consideration of the President's Report requires no further
comment.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 33, submitted by Wayne
Local No.« 1562:
Resolved  that the non-suspension  policy be  eliminated,
providing   that  the  operators   reciprocate  likewise   on   non-
suspension. - ■     .,
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: This matter having been dealt with
during consideration of the President's Report requires no further
comment.     '                    ,
MOVED and Seconded the adoption. .      '      . #
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 28, submitted by Rosedale
Local No. 2817:
Whereas, lt has become apparent to all that the Commission to Direct Coal Operations of this Province is detrimental to the best interest of District 18, on account of their
methods of procrastination and unwise decisions;
And whereas many of the Coal Operators have absolutely
refused to abide by their decisions, to the detriment of the
coal mining,industry in general;
Therefore be it resolved that from now on the United
Mine Workers of America of District 18 refuse to consider their
existence as a determining factor, in any disputes that may
henceforth occur.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE: This matter having been dealt with
during consideration of the President's Report requires no further
comment.       *==,"'■■■■
MOVED and Seconded the adoption,
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 52 submitted by Brule Local
Union No. 1054:
Whereas, at  Uie  conclusion of the European War large
■—       k—numbers ofTeturning-TsoMietis, w iii"^>o~tint)wn~Bn~tiiB_teboi~"niar*
Soviet Government
Makes An Offer To
United States
Will Release American Prisoners
On Condition That Debs Or
Mooney Are Given
Freedom
kct, causing unemployment and misery for all;
And whereas the Government has already formed employment offices and other agencies with the view, in our opinion,
to distribute labor reserves equally over the whole country, so
that they may at any time take the places of those workers who
will fight for better conditions and remuneration;
And whereas during the time of war the .remaining labor
forces have by exerting themselves supplied the country's needs
and even large wastes for the European battlefields, which
shows that labor has to slacken oft and also to cut the working
hours so that upon the return from the front of our fellow
workers wo nil may share in the production of the country's
needs;
And whereas the contract system as prevailing In the conl
mines of Western Canada nnd elsewhere has been the source
of speeding up, of dishonesty and friction amongst the miners
themselves and the source of many accidents which could have
been prevented had the miner. Instead of loading the last car,
looked nfter his safety;
Do it therefore resolved that upon tho expiration of the
present agreement wo demand a six-hour day and the elimination of all contract worlt nnd a good living wage on a sliding
system;
Ami ho It resolved, thnt this iii not our final demand, hut
that whon tho opportune tlmo comes we shall tako over the
coal mines ourselves, which will assure nn the full product of
our toll.
And bo it resolved that this resolution be gent to all locals
In the DlBtrlct Inviting their co-operation or condemnation, also
to tho "District Ledger."
REPORT OP COMMITTEE:    The contract system has already
been dealt with In Convontlon and the question of six hours will
be dealt with by the Scale Committee.   Your Committee, however,
concur, In the last two paragraphs of tbls resolution.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
CARRIED.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION NO. 25 submitted by Humber-
stone Local Union No. 4070:
(To tho Legislative Assembly of tho Province of Alberta.)
Whereas, your honorable body in its wisdom passed an
act called the "Medical Profession Act" for the ostensible pur*
pose of protecting the medical profession and auch as aro mentioned aa incorporated within Section 66 of the aald Act, and
Whereas, your petitioners havo for the past four years
closely watched the operation of the aald Act and aro of the
opinion that the said Act is inimical to tho Interests of the
working claas and the groat majority of the people of Alberta,
and
Whereas a large number of our organisation* have received
caro and attention and relief from the practice of Chiropraetics
and aro firmly of the opinion that Chiropractic aa a philosophy
nnd cure is absolutely and essentially necessary to the welfare
of our families and friends, and the continuance of the persecution of Chiropractors by the medical profession is a grave
injustice to na;
Annual Convention District 18, United Mino Workers of America,
puts itself on record aa recommending to your honorable body
that a bill b« passed conferring on and in tho Province of
Alberta  imder the sane-linn nf the low   ned tltsf  tht* antd
Chiropractors be permitted to make audi rules, regulations
and by-laws as may be consistent with tho laws of the land
and such as aro usually conferred on organised profession*.
REPORT OF COMM1TTKK; Wa concur.
MOVED and Seconded the adoption.
f'ARItlRD
(Continued nmmt week)
MMiKiMIIHMHMHKM^
II Yot Wuit Um BUT in Mtati Pboo* or Call oa
The Matt Man
BEN80N
Dealer in
fra«h and Ourtd Mtati, Pish,  Poultry,  Butter,  E&*. Wtt.
IVHmy Pr-owpt W.ti Same It* AH
Photic 1 Gtf 'Au'tier af Tth Ave. v*i\d Vtaui-w. Su
Blafrmora, Alborta
(From The Appeal to Reason)
Thoso   terrible  Bolsheviki!    What
have theydono now?  Why, they have
simply attempted to jar the dormant
conscience of our American reactionaries into some sign of life.   Our reactionaries,   just  now  apparently   in
the ascendancey, are indifferent to the
fate of unjustly persecuted men like
Eugene V. Debs and his fellow victims
of free speech in this country.   The
Bolsheviki, however, In the midst of
a great internal crisis, have time to
make an appeal for Debs.    Her© is
the latest Bolshevik jab In the ribs of
sleepy respectability*, told in a press-'
dispatch that was not very prominently display In the capitalist papers:
"WASHINGTON,  Feb. 26.—Information was received today from official sources that overy effort by
the State Department to secure the
release   of   an   American   citizen
named!  Kolomatiano, condemned to
death by tire Bolsheviki, had1 been
met with demands that either Eugene V. Debs or Thomas J. 'Mooney
be exchanged for Kolomatiano.   It
also was said the Bolsheviki had of-
ered  to  release  American Consul
Townsend, who was arrested some
time ago, If either Debs or Mooney
was pardoned."
Frankly, we are most painfully a-
sh'amied to think tliat Russia has to
remind us of our duty as a nation. As
an American citizen, we deeply regret to note that the Russian Bolsheviki are more keenly Interested in
justice for our fellow Americans than
is our own government. Debs, who
we believe, measures up to the true
ideals of America—the ideals that
Lincoln stood for—better than his of-
fical persecutors, should be freed this
minute from the threat of prison for*
having made a few sincere remarks
about war—the Bolsheviki see it and
our government does not. Mooney
should have been a free man long ago,
and although our government took an
interest in his case (owing to its wartime significance) ito the extent of appointing an investigating commission
that exposed the injustice done to
Mooney, this labor agitator is still in
prison; surely our government is not
so weak that it cannot liberate Mooney if it sincerely desires to do so!
The Bolsheviki might also hint to
our government that, its present policy of deporting scores of labor agitators without due trial or investigation
-iiHeGaHTiry-te^hoT^ncipier^ritaner""
lean political liberty; the Bolsheviki
seem to understand those principles
better than our own authorities, so
they should give the latter tho benefit
of their understanding.
Naturally the Appeal cannot know
the grounds of the government in the
Individual cases of all agitators whose
deportation la scheduled. But the Appeal, being fully cognisant of the ignorance and predjudice of many . of
our government officials and especially of those having charge of these
deportation proceedings, ventures tho
suggestion that these agltatora-are to
bo deported solely because thoy are
a menace to tjio rule of plutocracy In
America—simply because thoy nro
penvefiil advocates of the emancipation of labor through polilienl and economical organization. We do not for
ono moment believe that all "of those
so-called llolshmlk aliens ore advo-
eates of violence, are plotters outright HKiiinst our government,'nre po-
ten"Iiil a-si-mssliiH of tlve President or
anything of the sort, They nro radicals, to bo "Hiiro—but is thnt a crime?
"■Tliey aro rovoliitlonfsts—-but Is not
that the right of Americans and for-
flgnors undor tho protoct Ion of our
tlug to advocate the peaceful rovolutlonnry elinnRp of our Industrial wye-
torn from nn autocratic lo a democratic basis? Doubtless many of theso
itRitutorH spinpnthiso with the Bolsheviki—-bttt cannot one sympathise with
the -Bolsheviki or even advocate a Bolshevik form of government In the United States without running foul of onr
laws? (suppose tho majority of tbe
people of the United States, having
had the Bolshevists form of government fully expluined to them, should
deride that It Is tho form of government they desire? Would our govern-
nwnt deny them the right to change
their government, or would It deport
Die entire population.
As a mattor of undoubted fact, thoso
aliens who are to be shipped out ol
the country are for the greater part
merely ordinary labor agitators who
urge tho workers to organise lo flght
j the grip or the exploiters upon their
lives and labors. Perhaps the moat
revolutionary thing aome of them have
done Is to advocate Industrial unionism- organisation of tbe workera Into
one big union- and ihw effort of the
workers through tho peaceable exercise of their economic power to help
bring rollee-Ove ownership nf industry in America, This our government
evidently conceives lo ho a menace
io «h# pmpftt nnd safety of this cowa-
try. It Is entlrelv, fatally wrong. It
Is ihe denial of the workers' right to
organize—tho private ownership of
Indnstrv—thst Is tho real menace to
the pesee snd safety of America.
And unless the workers nre permitted
to tnteUiKwntty work tor a change that
tho stupid aolf-lntorest of our Amort-
<«■• lining tstnmn naturally oppoaos, aad
lhfl» mir j-ifilltti'liini' lire m.' <'i..u.:.y*j,'i.-
ions enongh or capable enough to de-
elaro themselves for. this menace of
<ttpKali»t9ai9!j controlled industry
will assume Bolshevik proportions,
much to the regret of those revolntlon-
i|t>> -n-itti »i,t.«»-. *i*tt,t ..rt,. ,%• j*:* *,;*;.'.';J
of peaceful change.
The writer (a aa American dtlson
whose ancestry traces Itself hack to
the very birth of American independence and stilt farther hack to "mr
mother country:" and In pleading 'or
right trratiKoat, for simple jwttlat ani
ikcmu prut*,** «f »vpwa \*%*\ In^olry
fato the esses of thos* for fliers, lo
l« mi*r*l*' ptmdfnt thnl th-1* ntim-J Ot
Km^rH-n hp urn east Into dlnrefwle *.y
sneh shanwfut proceedings of claim
ml*.   f?-r#>ry one of theee tntp i-heall
have an Immediate full Wtf t and tf It
ho shown lhat ho haa dom* nothing
bet pmreoMf aaltafe ter tb* #**-*!rt-
pation of labor, ho slwwM hj* unmet-
iWitob teienmmO a«0 n**or4«l *•*- pr*
j taction aad privileges of Am*ri*ee—
[once known a* the "f*fnir*s of the op-
iptmried''
-m
"rug

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