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The District Ledger Apr 10, 1915

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industrial Unity Is Strength
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The Official Orgap of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
€th%tt
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ii
No. 33, Vol. Vm.
\ R/s, ■'.
Political Unity Is Victory
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B.C., APRIL 10,1915.
The New City
Council Meets
On Thursday last' the City Council
elected in Januray last, assumed office.
Everything comes to him that waits, if
he has patience to wait long enough,
so the new Council an-d Mayor have at
last reached the coveted positions.
■The following is the personnel of
the new civic management:
Mayor, Thomas Uphill; Councillors:
S. Graham, W. Jackson, W, Roblchaud
(members of old Council), E. Barnes,
10. Marsham and E. Brooks, new mem-
burs.
Upon the invitation ol' the Mayor to
be seated, the various councillors dropped into their chair with & sigh of
relief and beam of satisfaction that
was gladdening to the audience. After
which the Mayor proceded to nominate
the various committees.
Finance—S. Graham, B. Barnes.
The first business before the gathering w-as the question of appointing auditors for the city. After much discussion, during (Which it was speedily
made evident that the new council
had a little more' "ginger" than previous aggregations, lt was decided to
leave this matter over for a few weeks
and give other firms an opportunity to
teuder.
The question of Investing certain
sinking funds in government stock at
4 ■% p.c, was jeft over for the Finance
Committee to investigate.
Another matter that was brought up
(and left over for Investigation was the
-question of affiliating with the Canadian Municipal Association. Tliis was
referred to the Fire, Water and Light
Committee, who will Investigate the
usefulness of this concern and advise the Council accordingly.
A letter was rend from Chtef Brown
with reference to licensing newspaper j
boys, also setting an age limit for lad
who play gum machines. The chief
suggested that each boy pay 25c. per
year and that he be given a tag.
Just exactly what the idea of the
chief was in making this suggestion
was not quite clear, but evidently be
had some motive that was not quite
apparent to the Council, Jackson
^.jjjil' Qther*couucll!ors sjjnko in-syiiH
pathy with the boys and it was eventually decided to file the communication.
.The City Clerk asked for leave of
absence to visit a specialist In Spokane with respect to his eyesight. The
meeting discussed this matter, and several of tho councillors showed a disposition to regard this as a holiday
and dock the time. Aid. Barnes, however, poured oil on the troubled water
nnd succeeding In satisfying the scruples of those wbo raised objoctlon.  The
clerk got his leave of absence.
The Council decided that Messrs.
Lawe and Fisher should have any city
legal business for the ensuing year
that the city might have,
The North Star Lumber Company
wrote objecting to certain taxes, and
as the improvements upon which the
tax was levied have been moved from
the ground there is some doubt as to
what the city will seize if they attempt
to collect the tax.
J. F. Spalding wrote with reference
to the non-appearance of his book, explaining that his calculations, like
those of many others had been upset
by the war. After the war Is over we
may expect this interesting publication, but as long as,Europe insists on
scrapping it is apparently doubtful.
The City Engineer's Report was the
next iteni'and from this we gather that
uiiless something is done Immediately
to conserve our water supply we can
look for a possible famine during the
dry season. It appears that owing to
very slight'difference In elevation be-
ivveen the reservoir and Fairy Creek
it is impossible to get any water into
the latter, so that if the Fairy Creek
main were to burst, or the bridge burn,
the town might experience conditions
approaching those of Sahara. The Engineer blamed defective fittings for
this condition of affairs and asked
the council to pass a motion empowering him to examine all the water fittings in the city and Insist on immediate repair. In the event of same
not being complied with, to cut ott
water without further notice. He also
asked for a by-law governing the water question which would give bim power to ac'l in future. The council, real-
zing the gravity or the situation, granted the request without further discussion.
The  FHre Ohiaf's report was read
jjlld    th«   varlniiii   r-aqlipala   frnj-lflqiilji***-'
HELPING THE MAN
AT THE  FRONT
The following is a list of articles received during the past week:
Mrs. W. R. Lambkin—2 pair sock
'Jlrs. Duthle—2 pair sock.
Mrs. W. L. Lambkin—1 pair sock
'Miss. Sarah Lancaster—1 pair sock.
iMrs. S. Herchmer—1 lb. wool
.Mrs. McLennan—1 pair sock
Mrs. P. Williams—2 pair socks.
(Mrs. Ramsay—2 pair sock
'Mrs.-Harry Snow—1 pair sock
'Mrs. Yett—1 pr wristlets, 1 pr. sock
■Mrs. Zinle—1 pair sock
Appeals are still being sent forth
by the Red Cross for more help. Those
who cannot knit socks can either donate cotton for bandages, cheese-
cloth for handkerchiefs, or money for
medical supplies. The need for medical necessities is very great.
The society in Fernie Is forwarding
ii consignment of supplies nex' week
and would be glad to receive donations
at once. Any of the following articles
wilt be acceptable in addition to those
already mentioned: Chocolate, peppermints, cards, games, sponges, match
boxes, shirts woven cholera belts and
tobacco.
All socles should be washed before
being sent in.
It will take an effort on the part of
our people to keep our Canadian hospitals supplied with necessaries.
CROW'S NESIF.PASS
v{F*>OTBALL  LEAGUE
There will be>ii general meeting of
this League on'- Saturday at 11 a.m.,
(April 10th, in the King Edward Hotel.
The Fernie Coal Creek ExcelBior
Band gave a concert on Sunday afternoon to the resident of West Fernie.
The funeral of the late J. Tolley was
held on Saturday- afternoon from the
Church of England.
Bert Whimster,;son of Mr. and Mrs.
W. H. Whimsterj-'arrived in the city
Tuesday mornlngwrom Edmonton.
i-
■ -   . *
The regular monthly tea of the Ladies' Guild of Christ Church will be
held at the home of Mrs. E. K. Stewart
on Wednesday, 1-tth April, at 3.30 p.m.
THREE MEET END IN
PRIVATE COAL MINE
Farmer, Wife and Daughter Victims of
Fumes in Tunnel Whence They
Secured Fuel
Kenneth Clark, or the firm of Clark
and Murray, livery proprietors of this
city, died on Saturday afternoon. Mr.
Clarke has been a resident of Fernie
for several years, and was highly respected. He Is survived by his wife
and infant daughter, to whom the
sympathy of all gties out in their sad
bereavement. The funeral took place
on Tuesday afternoon, Kev. MacQuar-
rie officiating.     '*'
■MOOSE JAW, Sask., April 3.—Word
has just reached here from Willow
Bunch, which reveals a tragedy involving the loss of three lives In a
private coalmine 2% miles from this
city. Frank Garrett, farmer, his wife
and her father are the victims of a
peculiar accident.
It would appear that Garrett since
last fall has been operating a small
coal mine on his'farm, It had reached
a depth of 278 feet and they had used
coal from It all winter. Friday Garrett's farther-in-law went down Into
the mine to get coal. As he did not
come up Garrett went down and found
him unconscious. He came up and
sent his wife for help. Mrs, Garrett
on returning not finding her husband
around went down Into the mine and
found Garrett also unconscious beside
the body of her father. She had taken
a rope with her and while In the act
of putting it around her husband fell
in sensible.
When help arrived and the men
went Into the mine they found all
three dead from fumes.
Ambulance Classes
Por Pernie
Work For 400 More Men
In The Crow's Nest Pass
LABOR CONGRESS
SUGGESTS TRUCE
Wants British Foreign Policy Directed In Future Toward Establishing
 Federation oL Nations	
C.P.R. Orders Coal From Western Min-;
es to Meet Needs We.st of Winnipeg,
which Amounts tp 1,000 Tons a Day
and Represents ' $6,000.00 Weekly
Wages.
An Indirect benefit, amounting to a
pa^e,,naiijL46,0*0^^e!uw8*&k-,-w4li---re-
uieitt referred to the Fire, Water and
Light Committee.
The relief question brought Alderman Jackson, who appears to be under the Impression that . we should
adopt th*-- "pasa 'emboli" *yateov ot<-|
other towns with respect tp indigents.'
The mayor stated that while he did hot
wish to see the town burdened, he
thought that tbere were occasions
when they had to grant relief, Irrespective of the conditions under which
the parties reached the city.
Aid. Jackson wanted to do something
towards beautifying the grounds bf
the city attached to tbe City Hall, and
it was decided to make a grant of $15
to purchase seeds and shrubs for same.
Liberals Meet and
Nominate Candidate
Good Friday was observed quietly ln|
Femit until the evening, when a rousing meeting of the Fernie Riding Liberal Association was held in Ingram's
Hall. The meeting was for tbe pur-
|io»o of choosing thu Liberal standard
bearer to contest this constituency at
the coming election. There were
fully fifty Liberal party supporters In
attendance, including representatives
Itom all the lo-eallUe* in tliu Ferule
Klectoral District.
'Mr, A, Macnell presided slid -announced that tbe very first order of
business would be the receiving o(
nominations for the Liberal candidate,
This resulted In the nomination of
Mr, A. I, Fisher, of Fernie, without s
dissenting voice.
Mr. Fisher, is thanking those present
for the confidence reposed In him. ssld
he wished It distinctly understood that
he wss running ss s Liberal candidate,
lie did not intend thnt evening to give
o speech, for he hsd made It s practice
(o get down sad study tho records of
the prostnt goieromeni and the condition of the country, so thst he might
spp-esr on ths plntform primed with
fsets. Ile hsd slwsys done this in
previous campaigns, and he would do
no again.
Messrs. Adolph, McXsb, lumber msg<
******    **»     ****     *******     *9*l**l**tt*     ■***<*      ■***
XORWrCH, England, April 6.—The
Independent Labor Party today, by a
vote of 23-1 to 9 adopted a resolution
strongly condemning, the action of cer-
lultK.meuihara. of thenarty-»'h*o-have
been working to assist recruiting and | the Canadian Pacific railway that was
SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
suit to Caigary, following a decision
by the C. P. R. to employ about 400
more miners In the various coal mining
districts of southern Alberta, that
have this city as their center of supply.
•Coal for-tW^V^Siitoba: division*- "of
,\,  IX.  iUiirflt-wJiJ,  .u*1Ji--lU-.i',  x-S Cj-mi
brook, also addressed the meeting
1
All sscotdlngly exciting sttrsjr occurred on Sunday afternoon In what
t* m*m*m. ** .m*. "'.*'*'*'*" *i*lt*i***i*Mt9, wi
Kasslsa tow*, sad which voir remark-
nbly retails** la t no mors serious sf*
•sir thaa bruised hssds sad slight fse-
ISl disfigurements. A Russlsn reported to the police tbst he bad beta at-
taekM by off* of bis fellow countrymen
bf Um same of Stsrrmonld, witb s
belle Tho reanli ol whleb wna thnt
he hsd received no Jess Dwu five mlnoi
cuts. Two provlselal constables wsr*
thereupon dispstched to tb* locality to
an*.'* tbs offender. Oa arriving at
bis toohtooto, b* am*  -fait-* easily
argument, and tbe two became so de
tnonstartlve thst the officer* decided
to take tbem both along, and started
for the city.,   On reaching the outside
of Un- dwelling, the captives sounded
n distress call, and Instantly the officers found themselves In the midst of
un angry mob, who forcibly released
their prisoners and In no gentle manner hustled the policemen Into a build>
Initcnit Incited tbem In.    Thev eventually ext Minted thoniselvos, having to
break through two locked doors to gain
the outside, and tbere they were confronted with s mob of fifty Infuriated
RuibKiaiia, armed with coke forks, clubi
and similar "maxim silencers."    Undaunted, although unarmed, tbe officer* waded right through tlie mob, and
effected their escape to the city, where
they obtained reinforcements and re
turned snd gathered in five of the of
renders.    Later on Chief Welsby visit
ed the quarter snd unassisted brought
In two more offenders,    Those who
met. uken into custody sr* ss follows; UUrrmonWt (father and nom,
Tony Vorlk. J. Daiunslk, A. f'snukl, #.
Jaroplclk,  Mike Mlslnolk.     The Authorities do not Intend to let the mat-
tor drop until all who participated la
tbs disturbsnee sre dealt tilth iu s
iu„*m*t o-sicfl is oelituag.    Those in*
LWUTMUii v,.'. -XtttttiA) «pp***f«U! IU IS*
I'olics Court on Monday morning. Ons
wss teottnteA to thn* mouths, another fined ftS-M, snd another fined ltd.
Tbe remaining four were remanded.
iuui m*mv ui uw pumas who wsr*
Instrumental In submitting members
of tbs Prarlnelsl Pollc* fores to cor-
lain indignities during the fracas on
gondsy Isst, sppesrsd la tbs pollc*
court oa Tueadsy, wbta two of tb*
off«»rf#ra wer* nmmtntl ff,liw and
costs; oa* ♦ 16.00, whlls tb* fourth
wn* hmnit nvt>r to fc**ep the ycace for
the {musing twelve month*. There
stilt remslr.s one offender, whom tb*
pollc* bav* been unabl* to loest* up
to tb* pressst tlm*. Tb* ess* of M.
fMarrownid, tbntpt4 wiib stabbing on*
ot bin eonritrrrnen, owfng to whose
at the same time speaking in public In
justification of the war and of the
foreign policy of the Liberal government.
The Independent Labor party now is
holding ita annual meeting In Norwich.
Vesterday It was announced the party
had accepted a resolution declaring it
wus the duty of labor to secure peace
ut the earliest possible moment.
A suggestion made in the labor con-
gross today that Great Britain should
arrange a truce with Germany with
the Idea of reaching a settlement was
greeted with applause and before the
conclusion ot the conference there
was adopted a resolution demanding
thnt In tho terms of peace the consent of the people concerned should
bo obtained before the transfer of any
territory; that no new treaties or utv
derstandlugs be arranged without the
knowledge of the people; that there
shall be a drastic all-round reduction
of armaments and the nationalization
of their manufacture, and that the
ilritlsh foreign policy hereafter be directed towsrd the establishment of a
federation of nations.—Nelson News.
formerly obtained from coal mines in
the east, will in future be used from
the mines in Crow's Nest. Conl
taken from there will be utilized us
far as Winnipeg,
At least 1,000 tons oi coal per day
will now be shipped from mines lu the
Crow's Nest Pass. This amount wus
formerly secured In the eastern fields.
An ndd I tional thousand tons is also
tnken trom lie! lev ue, Frank, Hlllcrest
and Blairmore, 600 tons per day from
Bellevue, the remainder being split up
between the other points.
The obtaining of the coal from the
Crow's Nest Pass will menu tlie employment of a largo number of miners nt tho mines In IJ. C. Something
like 400 additional men -will bo employed at the mliiPH six times n week,
which will mean it heavy pay roll for
that district. ThU increase to tlie
money In circulation In the Crow's
Nest Pass will have a favorable Influence on trade conditions In Calgary »*
this I* it groat mipply centra for the
mining towns.
The amount of wages that is repre-
this
Tom -Connors will address a meeting
in -Michel on Sunday next at S p.m.
There will be the usual dance on
Saturday evening in the Socialist Jiflll
oil Pellat Aveiiue, Kernie, at 8 p.m.
i'rices as usuaj. Owing to a misunderstanding with reference to certain
foreign brothers, the committee wish J
to stare that no distinction is made
as .tQ .nationalities. What they de-
sire to impress upon all who visit these
(tuiices is that they expect them to
behaving in a becoming munner, and
if they full to observe the usual ru<es
laid down for such social funccio.is
the committee will see tliut the> are
excluded from the hall on future occasion,
On Thursday evening a large number of Fernie miners held a meeting
in the basement of the Miner*' HaU for
the purpose of organizing a First Aid
class. W. L. Phillips pointed out the
necessity of receiving instructions in
the principles of First Aid training,
because those who followed the coal
mining industry for their livelihood
were engaged in work that was extremely hazardous to life and limb. It
should therefore be the desire of all
men to acquire proficiency in the art
of administering first aid to the injured.
In the early days of the mining industry, said the speaker, when knowledge of First Aid was but a name,
tunny a miner had lost his life ur was
permanently Incapacitated through the
ignorance of his fellow workers. Furthermore, it is not sufficient for us
to understand the theory only, but wo
must make our knowledge of practical
value to our fellow men. The science
of physics is a wondrous study in itself, but It would lie of little value to
lm man kind if It failed to conduct
electric light Into the dark places of
tlie earth. The same can be said of
geology, if it did not assist us In the
development of the mining industry.
He therefore hoped that Intending candidates of this class would make a determined effort to make it a success.
The chairman called upon ..Mr. Thos.
Williams, mine inspector, to address
the gathering, who stated thai he was
not going toxlwell ut anv length on the
value of accuracy from the knowledge
of First Aid, but he promised the movement every assistance that was within
liis power personally to render, and
also stated that the Department of
Alines was favorably disposed towards
such efforts made by the workers,
and would give theni everv encour- _
iip-pmonl-  1
The committee, comprised of Messrs-
James Taylor, H. S. Phillips. Arthur
Hancock, Jos. Leyland and Wm. Huu-
ter, have already procured the hearty
co-operation of the mine management-
ami financial support. Suitable quarters to hold tbe classes have been obtained, as well as the necessary text
books and supplies. Forty members
have already been enrolled, and it is
anticipated that this number will be
considerably augmented in the near
future. A competition is being arranged to be held on July lst, when
prizes will be awarded to the most proficient teams, and it is hoped by the
promoters of this First Aid Training
that all the camps throughout the
Crow's Nest iass will take up this
work with thc same determination
with which it has been originated in
Kernie, namely that every member become a skillful Tenderer of First Aid.
Candidates For Fernie Pirst Aid Class
Work
J. Taylor
J, Leyland
W. Hilton
W. Hunter
II. Hees
t.i-o. i'olliu
■I- Kiss
(I. Hoss
,i. Sweeney
1'. .loiiisoti
W. Clarkstone
F. Worsley
J. Bebb
' W. McConncll
A. T. Dick
A. Hecks
W. Thomson
11. Haydock
Itobt, Wiustaiikiy
A. Hancock
It. Taylor
W. A. Brown
rClon Bebb
Nie Misclscu
W. Whally
T. Williams
• '. Samson
ii. W'hitehouse
T. McGuire
A. Pearson
P\! Wesneruskl
W, O. Clark
R. S. Phillips
J. Smolick
J. Atkinson
J. Hamer
Wm. Lancaster
W. R. Wilson
W. S. Bunch
in. i-ii...—
'■"-rabfi-I"
-tnt-im^Xjv unii v HT57
.Mr. Joseph Hamer, of Coal Creek |
and Kernie. was elected Organizing
Secretary, und the class Ib exceedingly fortunate in obtaining him for, tbe
office. .Mr. Hamer is an old timer iu
CcnJ. Cm'Jtjuut. Fertile.. aad..lia-vtor
many years Interested himself In am-
l/iilance and mine rescue work. He is
Invariably called upon to use his skill
at that colliery, iu rendering Firbt Aid
iUTWITTINO THE CEN80R
Welsh war prisoners in Germany are
able to notify their friends In this country more fully of the conditions of prl-
hoii and Interment camp life than are
their English colleagues, and that
without having recourse to the doubtful safeguard of Invisible Ink. A letter which easily pasted tbe -Gorman
censor, and which is, and will long be
kept as a family treasure, contains the
following (tiie words given in brackets
are tho ISiiKlisit equivalent ot the
Welsh word Immediately preceding).
The letter was written In Kngllsh
throughout excepting the Welsh words
which the-Herman censor took to bo
thu nuiiH'ft of other Kuglish prUonem.
Tim letter reads: "You will be glad
to bear new* of, old  friends.     Mr.
The imperial Onier Daughters of
tho Empire gave a ball Monday even-
lnj, '.',i Victoria Hall, the proceeds of
which will be applied to tbe Patriotic
JJuail... The, affaicjuaa.a. nwukvil.sue-,
cess in every particular.
Provincial Constable Mcltae brought
'in three prisoners from Natal on Sun-
to those who are so unfortunate as to, day, i.Mlke Hyllnski and Steve Ourrl,
require such treatment. Under his both charged with obtaining money
supervision, and with the co-operation ' under false pretences, and Dominlck
of a good working committee, the sue-, Occhuvuzzi. charged with assault, but
cess of the class ls practically as- who were sent up for trial by the Jus-
Kurod. I tlce of ponce at Natal,
Vancouver, B. C,        	
Has Bread Riots
VANCOUVHK. II. v.*.. April «.--<)w-
lug to the fact that the city has no
tiluds to allocate to relief purposes
und consequently has had to abolish
tlio bread line, the out of works lined
up tonight on Hastings street and
commenced to loot many stores In the
vicinity.
A hurried cal! for tin* polio- was
FRED CLARKSON WRITES
PROM THE FRONT
Fred usrkiou, well-known in Fernlo
and the Pri**, writes Irom Franco 'o
Dave Itees and Informs him that apart
from certain Inconvenience caused by
hii "auxiliary force of some ten million
horse" that keep up a persistent attack from flsnk, front snd rear, he l»
very well. This "forco" sccordlng to
Fred may be annihilated or subdued
by an application of heat exceeding
1110 ili'Rree* P., or the copious use >f
"Kcatinge's" f*owder. Then* appears
a doslro on the part of tbls enemy to
carry tb* kit occasional!), .ind sever*!
Ingenious suggestions have been mad«
to use them ss a transport service.
Pred stales that they nave n couple
of pianos in the firing line, but
tiro ahort of tho lady to d«nci» with,
Tsngo evolutions sre occasionally seen
,« *9,*- ttimm *tua, ***** ten t*men*mn
ttl-i*," I'vi-t't'-bJlj ul'i-i,' ii.t. ,i.i,ii.,.n
starts.    Aod w« ballet* bits.
♦
♦
♦
♦
8TAV AWAY I
All iiilnoworkera aro request-
«<l to STAY AWAY KHOM
lU-JLLMVI'K, Altn., as thero !«t
not near enough work for
thoso already Uu-r*. Th<" men
In this camp have been practically Idlu for th« last flvu
months und tintra urn no Immediate proupccts of Improvement, despite the "newspaper
pionpent) ihst threatens
iik ..v«ry •!»•>.   STAY AWAY!
ous accldont Sunday afternoon. Tho
train <r«-w were engaged In switching
curs in the Great Northern Ha(lw„y
jiird and while riding on top of a car
of poMH, as the train was passing a
crowing where telephone wires cross
ihe iracls, one of the wires* which was
slack, had dropped sufficiently iow
liitoiiKh to catch Mr  McL«r«ti aero**
sent In and tli* attitude of the crowd j
stilted  by  this  increased  output  '* I Uwyd (food )la very bad hero.     Mr. j "'bleb  Wi>* composed .chiefly of for-
about 10,000 u week.—Calgary N*w«- i Jlltra  < broad)  jg  V(„T  ,m„.|,  darker I «l«i»er#, was ugly looking.    At times j
Telegram.' !ll|(in ^imi j.()ll „uw |linli at)(J in ,,ult(> j tlm  poilc«i had difficulty  In keeping; Uie race.     The force of the impact
j|(ln|.. ' (the   crowd   hack   -ind   ;i>'i>m|if •*   '.ivr.. •<!•>'"> Mt •, -ntt". M;  ■'•.'>*n >*n I v cf t'a-
frequently nuide to floor the officers.! t-ar, although very fortunately It did
As a rwsiilt of this flvo i>rr<>«t* were t not knock him off      The w-'tiii  w,n
Tile above U rorw-unlcii :,y ,t correspondent In Michel
THOUSANDS ARE OUT
i»i  euimtmm
A quiet vvuddiiiii was xolemnlxed af
th<« Anslicnii Church on WVditi'mln)
nftoruooih wit en Uev, llohcrtson ml*-
ed Mr, P. McLool mid Mlsa Lilian Nei-
*ou of tlii* city. Hoth are very popu
iiir ritSxeii* of Fernie, the bride hav-
ins been a member of tliu staff of ihe
Crow's Sett. Tnidlni Company, white
he Mi'ooitt it In Hie employ "< W. A
limram. wholeiale and retail tobacco
IliM.
made and  the police anticipate Hum J tliat he received nome very nasty cuts
wi Cu iai-t.1 and hi* right eye was bad-
iy ■pij'-i'-i''1. no iini'ti so that the patient
wax removed on Tuesday to Mpokane
to In- i rea ted !»,*» ,t upetinllsi In nil ,<u-
MICHEL NOTEt
■ I    *i t,
)'hx>ii
ELEVEN LOSE LIVES IN
COAL MINI; BLACK
OAMP
•n
ftwiMl. but rtbjwttil ro belnt tnben lo
gssl.    HU father «l*o lo«k-»srt Is tbs jsrrsst tbo shove msnttonsd trouble
ORBBNVILLK, III., April r,.-F.l.ven
men lost tbelr lives ss tbs result of
sn esploalon of blsck dsmp tn the
SbosI Creek cosi mine uesr hers to-
dsy. Approximately 400 others wbo
h,id fttnt sntsrtif tbt rain? sicsp-4't un-
injured. Ton bodies bad been recovered tonight,
One body, tbst of Theodore Bums,
eoald not be found.
im» rsUM-d, hns net been board, s* (be
rffffrtt nf hi
pits!.
af-uuit U .itttt Iu ;U U*.
Loeketit Fellows   Ordsr  Csttlng
Werksrs tf Quit Mills—
Total 11,700
CHICAGO, April 5—The strike order
wblpb PftMert nut *, ftOO ■mtt!>rf,»'Y-A»n „■*„
were denied sn Incresse in w«g**t was
followed s few hours Is ttr todsy by
s lockout which forced nssrly ss many
mors worker* from tbo shops. Two
hundred snd seventy-five mill-owners
were ssld lo have agreed to shut down
ratVw ihsn yrwin tne demands of tbe
workers, who sik for sn eight-hour
Ony at i>» cents an hour In place of ihe
present «in#*hoor Any st 41 cent* sn
bosr.
Conservative estimates of tb* num-
'[ber of men Idle through strikes snd
lockout* were: Painurs, 3,ow, lathers
#■*», miHuorUerx. **,mm; other trade*
S.dO-d.
*im ,»if*.   if«j i, i h norm, urn-.-«♦<■
'•    **•'.■>     ,i...*,.,   ,i"..,   ui,    i,**:.*i*mij
ibi* in only the beginning of iroubie;
ft UU h may culminate in «eriou* Hou
ArriitiKemen!« have, however, been !
:ii.nle to i ope with any di*turb:ince--t i
unii   the   service*   of   the   mounter:
forre will be brought Into operation!
•honl the eii'ciimrti;«iieeM ili-uriuj it.    '
i "Arrangements have, however, been ■
mnde to cone *lt,'i mty fi:*tiiri»i*iicti» j
iiiid the M.'rvlc*** of tli« mounted force, j
...."'   -Sure, thl* lhe way tliey "»r-!
l,i*-i*)-»u     iii.ilU-1    hih-ij   tu*   JMHJpJe   ilie.
j iiunsr.. - Tin > «irr.iiiite in < nit anil heal
them, while if they (ii-mir in »»i|»fy*!
(Ins their hunger by lootfus   the) »ho«t *
jtlitiui; alter which It l*» Mie to «*jtuiiie
j that  liiln«er   wnrrle*   :lien»  i,„ more,
{and the authorities "arrange' far their;
mum   j eu   Jm   fm-.nl,
' '■   •■ •■        ■-•■■-■    *>:- i    i,*i   ttit,i*il ■      * >n- j
muumIuh" *ill» the mounted tun*-,
tn fee-ore "order" will ef m-var**- em*"'
someshlng, but tho authorities h»p« it*
will  prove cheaper    than    providing'
*.«• ,w> -...<-.»». ,\w* ****** *v Um* j
Shout Ol'B CIVILIZATION? Xay.i
our AIIVANCKII CIVILIZATION?*
I { de.-tvor to i-tiiwi th" injured member.
!•
for Nt*  Vorb, where tb«y nlil *i*n
before Issvint for the Old Cnwn-Mry
rtorn—To Mr. and .Xlrs. J, Tlemey, a
fine daughter   'Mother ami child do
*»n men.
The mlnea were idle from 3 pm
Tuesday until 3 p,m. Wedneadsy.
Itorn-to Mr, and Mr*. Joe Una. a M„v 3m W|| aft|| „„_ VM, .t
fine dnugbler. Mother snd damehter -N,||d|Bg , fr. ^ W||J| VJr „„ M„
doing well. P  w  Mfttpn af nam** IM*    Wrtre
We are mitry io h-t-ar «i *»i- aemrn* Innit^lylnn Vtml Creek he has been as-
lllnos* of Ite, Ita-rswinl, at Rhom-f «(H>iafe oi.inr nt rt-*. yii,'r.-i-,.*.';•*,?■
ellile It will ne reroembere.1 he jvhm»,, vitipna. the isoihei ihunk el
left with the Michel boy« from h*f» nmish ColumWa Methodism. He wm
*!(h tb* Ptton* Oversea* Cewittg«it. )«•«„>• »,« iTitbyteriaii pulpii nt W»l*.
We w!»H him a *pe*4>  r*tovety. »j.j tt,.»t HmiiUj f.ru'.m.
We are  pleawNl  lo snnootiee that 1
I lira Jenklototi. of the hoardint hou*e.)    I   It   Meljtren. i b'-tttamnt, tn -h.**
t* t*i.mg irmiTid ngm nmr her re |employ of the M. V
rent llim**, fmet with a tomewha
I
,X. (uriiiij."i|.i\.'(i: .M.-iiJ.T un tbe (oKoa-
tllK Hem
'tli. VV .ti t-'lin*. *|io bit lit-en tor
•onn- yviir*' mi|ierlfitelident aint con-
wiPlnv ofiKitieer :ifihe Cnninore Mine*.
m imi» n jirtiKiiier of war in lleHiri
«.enn-iM> X y*\r .isrn 'h'* month he
went to K«ir»|H- to Ktsid) <iJil couu.'ry
lli!!;'!iK   rei'filiclf*   Hid   lislt  llli'   I;II1HjU«.
oiineo ti» the Hrlii*h Islet and on (Ini*
' oni -lieut Un- *»* In t.U'fi*a.itiy **b**»
lhe » ir broke mn, and h»vtet? i i'*m
jui.ui ii***i*,rt, nnn detained Kurlv
.,, jmi *■* *** iue<«rewrate,t in the
.sualiogteii prison in llernn He any*
h*   S*   n-f-il  1tf*ui,  ht.itti.-i  tide  <-*«.l
thnt hi* liberty ,1s denied him and h*
U i'titlii'!j iuunrtnii u( lerrmet #»<•;(<*
METHOOItT CHURCH. rERNII
Mitnitav. April 11— 11
vlie of nod and Mnn;
■Ptsht for Mohrtety."
e'.t»*i   ;m»f   *-i!:diy    v!
i.id,   The Ser-
~*,*to p »„ -The
tM pm, Itlble
!w-jl.      MirtfUi,
MHs.angry Hvenin-i   in   the   l^isoe
Tt,*r---tut.   I',9.,*. .    *,t*t'\***t/f        itt***i.
< Uit.t i»r-4etieif of Vorksb'lrw frit* ton**
:*** % |tm Al! wt-ieomm It V l'*er<#>,
pantmr
It }■ .: ?>,i if n uK*at lot se: in torn*
■p"itn"t)i>-   t'o% ti :U '..num. *. mn*t t***
itntl M   llai!**.y, j»»e «|»5te m pleasant ss ftibins. bat is
lixul: x .ut'l ..•-     generally mor,  lucrative. PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEENIA   B.C., APRIL 10, 1915.
PROPOSED WORKMEN'S
COMPENSATION ACT for B.C.
An Act to provide for Compensation of
Workmen fop Injuries sustained and
Industrial Diseases contracted in the
Course of Employment.
Interpretation
In this Act—
"Accident" shall include a wilful
and an intentional act, not being the
act of. the workman and a fortuitous
event occasioned by a physical or natural cause:
"Accident Fund" shall mean the fund
provided for the payment of compensation under this Act:
"Board" shall mean Workmen's Compensation Board:
"Construction" shall include reconstruction, repair, alteration, and demolition:
"Dependents" shall mean such of the
' members of the family of ti workman
ns were wholly or partly dependent
upon his earnings at the time of his
death, or who ibut for the incapacity
due to the accident would have been
so dependent:
"Kraployer" shall include every person having in his service under a contract of hiring or apprenticeship, written or oral, express or implied, any
person engaged In any work in or
about an industry, and where the s-?r-
vlcs of a workman are temporarily
let nr hired to another person by the
person with whom the workman has
entered into such a contract, the latter
shall be deemed to continue to be tno
employer of the workman whilst lie :■>
v i-i king for that other person:
"Kmployment" shall include employ-
nitnt in an Industry or any part,
branch, or department of an ind ift-.•;•:
"Industrial disease" shall mev.i ar,:'
of the diseases mentioned in Schedule
", a ed any other disease which by the
regulations is declared to lie an industrial disease:
"Industry" shal) include establishment, undertaking, trade, and business:
"Invalid" shall mean physically or
mentally incapable of earning:
"Manufacturing" shall include making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing,
assem'bling the parts and adapting for
use nr sale nnv iirrlpln nr rnn-imnflltyij
■^Medical referee" shall mean medl
Ciil referee appointed by the Board:
"Member of the family" shall mean
and Jnclirle wife husband, father, mother, grandfather, grandmother, stoi>-
father, stepmother, son, daughter,
grandson, granddaughter, stepson, step
daughter, brother, sister, half-brother,
and holf-s'.Bter, and a person who stood
In locol parentis to the workman or to
whom the workman stood in loco par-
'entla, whether related to him by consanguinity or not-so related, and
where the workman is the parent or
grandparent of an illegitimate child
shall Include bucIi ehlld, and where
the workman Is' an illegitimate child
ahall Include Ills pn renin and grandparents:
"Outworker" shall mean a person to
wliqtn articles or materials are given
trary is shown, it shall be presumed
that it occurred in the course of the
employment, and where the accident
occurred in the coijrse of the employment, unless the contrary is shown,
it shall be presumed that It arose out
of the employment.
Vi.) Where compensation for disability is payable it shall be computed
and be payable from the date of the
disability.
(4.) This section shall not apply to
a person whose employment Is of a
casual nature and who is employed
otherwise than for the purpose, of the
employer's trade or business.
4. Employers in the industries for
the time being included in Schedule 2
shall bo liable individually to pay the
compensation.
ii. (1> Where thc place or chief
place of business of an employer is
situate in British Columbia, and an
accident happens while the workman is
employed elsewhere than In British
Columbia, which would entitle 'him or
his dependents to compensation under
this Part if It had happened In -British
Columbia, the workman and his dependents shall be entitled to compensation under this Part If the usual place
of employment of the workman ls In
ltritish Columbia and his employment
out of British Columbia lias lasted less
than six months.
C!) Kxcept as provided by subsection (1), no compensation shall be payable under this Part where the accident
to the workman happens out of British
Columbia, unless it happens on a steam
beat, ship, or vessel, or on a railway,
and the nature of the employment is
such that In the course of the work or
service which the workman performs
it is required to be performed both
within and without British Columbia.
7. <!> Where by the law of the
country or place in which the accident
happens the workman or his dependents are entitled to compensation in
respect of it, they shall be bound to
elect whether they will claim compensation under the law of such country
or place or under this Part,Jand to
give notice of such election; and If
such election is not made and notice
given it shall be presumed that they
inrwpie cie'i flBrrariHiraTBtaiieiiBaTtHfi'
bad  been  immediately  employed   by
him.
(2) Where compensation is claimed
Trom the principal in this Part, reference to the principal shall be substituted for reference to the employer, except that the amount of the compensation shall be calculated with referen-ce
to the earnings of the workman under
the employer by whom he is inline,
diafely employed.
(3) Wlierp the principal is liable to
pay compensation under this section,
he shall be entitled to be indemnified
by any person who would have been
liable to pay compensation to the workman independently of this section, and
all questions as to the right to and
the amount of any such indemnity
shall be determined by the Board.
(4) Nothing in, this section shall
prevent a workman claiming compensation under this Part from the contractor  instead  of  the  principal.
(5) Tliis section shall not apply
where the accident happens elsewhere
than on or in or about premises on
which the principal has undertaken to
execute the work or which are otherwise under his control oi management.   ,
11. Where compensation is payable
out of the Accident Fund, a member
of the family of an employer shall not
be entitled to compensation unless he
was at the time of the accident carried
against any liability which he nas incurred or may ijicur under ihis Part
(2) Every person, who contrivenes
any "of the provisions of subsection
(I i shall for every such contravention
Incur' a penalty n6t exceeding fifty
itollars, and shall also be liable '.} repay to the workman any sum which
has been so deducted from his wages
or which he has been required or permitted to pay iii. contravention of subsection  (1).   ■
19. Unless with the approval of the
Board, no sum payable .as compensation or by way of commutation of any
weekly or other periodical payment In
respect of it shall be capable of being
assigned, charged, or attached, nor
shall it pass by operation of law except to a personal representative, nor
shall" any claim be set off against it.
20. (1) Subject to subsection (5),
compensation shall not be payable unless notice of the accident is given as
soon as practicable after the happening of lt and before the workman has
voluntarily left the employment in
which he was Injured, and unless the
claim for compensation is made within
six months from the happening of the
accident, or, in case of death, within
six months from the time of death.
(2) The notice shall give the name
and address of the workman and shall
be sufficient If It states in ordinary
language tbe cause of the Injury and
where the accident happened.
(3) The notico may be served by
delivering It at or sending lt by registered post addressed to the place of
business or the residence of the employer, or where the employer ls -a
body of persons, corporate or -unincor-
porale, by delivering it at or sending
it by registered post addressed to the
employer at the office or, if there are
more offices than one, at any of the offices of such body of persons.
14) Where the compensation Is pay-
on the pay-roll of the employer and his
wages were included In the then last
statement furnished to the Board under section 73, nor for the purpose of
determining the compensation shall his
earnings be taken to be more than the
amount of- his wages as shown by such
pay-roll and statement.
12. Where compensation is payable
out of the Accident Fund, an employer
who is carried on his pay-roil at a
salary or wages which the Board
deems reasonable, but not exceeding
the rate of two thousand dollars per
annum, shall, if such salary or wages
were included in the then last state
I ment furnished to the Board under
soctloa 73, be deemed to be a workman within the meaning of this Act,
and shall be entitled to compensation
accordingly, but for the purpose of
riotarmir.ln g    _the_ CQninensation_jll8_
under this Part.
(2i Notice of the election, where
tho compensation under this Part is
payable by the employer Individually,
ahull be given to the employer, and
where tho compensation Is payable out
nf the Accident Fund to the Board,
und shall be given in both cases within
three months nfter the happening of
the accident, or in cane It results in
death, within three months after the
death or within such longer period as,
either before or after the expiration
of such three months Ihe 'Board may
allow,
■h. Where a dependent la not a resilient of British Columbia, or la about
io become a non-resident of iBrltlab
Columbia, he shall be entitled to the
«ttme nmount of compensation as pro-
out to be made up. cleaned, washed, al-! vlded for residents; but where the
ten d. ornamented, finished, repaired, j compensation ta payable by an employer adapted for sale In his own homej«T Individually, the employer may,
or on other premises not under the »'l»h the approval of. the Board, and
control or mansfeement of the peraon • *'»»»«■» It ia payable out of the Accident
who gave out the articles or materials ''"nd the Board may commute the
•■iiegulations"   shall   mean , regula- monthly or -other p-rloillcal payments
able out of the Accident Fund, the notice shall also be, given to the 'Board
by delivering it to or at the office of
the Secretary or by sending it to hlra
by registered post addressed to his
office.
(5) Failure to give the prescribed
notice or any defect or Inaccuracy in a
notice shall not bar tho right to compensation if in the opinion of the Board
the employer was not prejudiced thereby, or where the compensation is payable out of the Accident Fund, If the
Board Is of the opinion that the claim
for compensation is a just one and
ought to be allowed.
21. (1) A workman who claims compensation or to whom compensation !s
payable uml:r this Part shall, if so rs
quired by hi? employer, submit hiii-
self for examination by a duly qualiff
fiii_ntfliligal_»r-nctltlnnar nrnvirted- aad
earnings shall not be tal^eii to be more
than the amount of his salary or wages
sis shown by such payroll and statement.
13. Np action shjjdl He fpr. thtj recovery of the compensation, whethei
It is payable by the employer Individually or out of the Accident Fund,
but ull claims for compensation shall
he hc;int and determined by the Board
11. If a, workman receiving a weekly or other periodical payment cease*
to reside in British Columbia, he shall
not thereafter he entitled to receive
any such payment unless a medics? re
fcreo certifies that the disability re
suiting from the Injury Is likely to be
or a permanent nature, and if a medical referee go certifies and the Board
so directs the workman shall be entitled "quarterly to the amount of the
weekly or other periodical payment*
uccrulng due It he prove* In auch manner us may be prescribed by tbe remi-
latloiia his identity and the contlnu
ance or the disability in respect of
which the same is psysble.
15.   The right to compensation pro>
payable "to a ^orkman or a dependent
for a lump sum.
. (2) Where the lump sum Is payable
by the employer individually it shall
be paid to the Board.
, (3) The lump sum may be—
(a)-Applied in such manner as the.
workman or dependent may direct.
(b) .Paid to the workman or dependent.
.(c) Invested by the Board and applied from time to time as-the. Board
may deem most for the advantage, cf
the wprkman or dependent. I
(d) Paid to trustees to be used and |
employed  upon and subject  to  such j
trust5- and for the benefit of such per- -
sons as, in case it ls payable by the,
employer individually, the workman or
dependent directs and the Board ap
proves or, if-payable out of the Acci
dent Fund, as may be desired by the
workman or dependent and approved
by the Board,
(e) Applied partly in one and partly
in another or others of the modes mentioned In clauses (a), (b), (c), and
(d),—as the -Board may determine.
26. (1) Where a weekly or otnor
periodical payment is payable by the
employer individually and ha? beon
continued for not less than s'x months,
the Board may, on the aup'i-tation ot
thu employer, allow the liability theie-
for to be commuted by the payment of
ix lump sum of such an amount as, if
the disability is permanent, would p ir-
chase an Immediate annuity from a life
Insurance company approved by '.he
Board, equal to seventy-five per cent,
of the annual value 'of the weekly or
other periodical payments, and in other cases of such an amount as* the
'Board may deem reasonable.
(2) The sum for which a payment is
commuted under subsection (1) shall
be paid to the Board and shajl be dealt
with in the manner provided by section 25.'
27 (1) Where an employer Insured
by a contract of insurance of an insurance company or any other underwriter is individually liable to make a
weekly or other periodical payment to
a workman or his dependents, and the
payment has continued for more than
six months, the liability shall, if the
Board bo directs before the expiration
of twelve months from the commencement of the disability of the workman
or his death, if the accident resulted
In death, be commuted by the payment
of a lump sum In accordance with thtj
next preceding section, and the company or underwriter shall pay the
lump sum to the Board, and It shall be j
dealt with in the manner provided by
section 25.
(2) Th'.s section shall not apply to a
contract of Insurance entered Into before the passing of this Act.
28.   The Board mav require an em-
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
GLADSTONE LOQAL
; No. 2314
* Mjet first and third Fridays,
Mirers' HaU,' Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek, Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Orphan's   HaU.
Sick  Benefit Society attached,—
R. Beard, secretary.        v
COLEMAN. LOCAL
No. 2633
;  Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p,m.   In . the   Opera   House,.
Coif man.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
s ji No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m,
in Slovak HaU. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos, G, Harries.
Sec, Passburg, Alta.     '  ■'
P-5-.RR LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet   every' Sunday.    Sicl-r and
Accident   Benefit Society attached.—Mi< liai'l   Warren.  Sec.  Can-
no re. .-UtH.'
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month. .Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
M"et every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—.1.   Mitchell.  Sec..   Box
105, Coleman,
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 20
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in ■">« llaukhead Hall,
Sick und Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Soo.. BaiUclioiul. A'ta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday In Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     Xo sick benefit,,
Secretary, P. Barrlngham; President, Duncan McN'ab.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first aud third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3pm —John
Loughran, Sec.
BURWItS LOCAL
No/949 • .
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
I" School House. Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of eat-h month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Harries. Sec,
Passburgr, Altn.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30, In Miners' Hall, *12th
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec-Treas., Box 24. '
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at £.30 .p.m.
In    the    Socialist    Hall. — James
Burke,   Sec,   Box   .16.   Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock   in   the Club  Hall,    Sick
Benefit  Society    attached.—-R.
Garbutt. sec, Corbin, B.C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday al'teino'.m.
2.30. at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pav
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
IfssspgmpmmjHssfcrfi
paid for by *'iu employer, and shall, If
« required by lhe Board, submit himself for examination by a medical ro
feree.
(2) A workman .sjiall not be required
at the request of Ws' employer to aub-
mit himself for examination otherwise
than In accordance with the regula
tions.
22. < 1) Where a workman haa upon
the request of hiB employer submitted
himself for examination, or has o-?mi
examined hy a duly qualified medical
practitioner selected by himself, and a
copy of the report of the medical prac-
tltlouer as to the Workman's condition
has been furnished In the former case
by the employer to the workman, and
In the latter caae by tbe workman to
thc employer, the Board may, on the
application of either of them, refer Ute
matter to a medical referee.
(2) The medical referee to whom a
reference la made under tho next pro-
ceding subsection, or who hss examined the workman by direction of the
Hoard under subsection (I) or section
21. shall certify to the Board as to the
Subscribe For The Ledger
rr-rr
iioim mm'.e by the Board under the -liable t« « nun-resident dependent! vid«d for by this Part shall be in lieu j condition of the workman snd his fit-
:mt!:crlty of. this Act: f°*r ll lump sum to be determined by
"Workman" ahall inclu-le a pernon "><> Roan!.
»h<» Iiii* entered Into or works und«r •'.   «3* Where an accident happens
a contract of »<ervlce or apprenticeship, to ii workman In the cours** of hts em-
wrlutm or oral, express or implied, * ployment under such circumsuroc-ss as
• ht'thiT by way of manual !»!«>r or entitle him or his dependents to sn
ntli, rwiie, but shall not Include an out- anion nriiitmt some person other than
ploye who ls Individually liable to pay
the compensation to pay to the Board
a sum sufficient to commute, In accordance with section 26, any weekly
or other periodical payments which
nro payable to tl&-workman <luring-hts
Hfo or to hts widow during her widowhood, and such sum shall be applied
bv, the Board in the payment of such
weekly or other periodical payments
na they from time to time -become payable; but if the sum paid to the Board
is Insufficient to meet (lie whole ot
such weekly or other periodical payments, the employer shall nevertheless be liable to make such of them
as fall due after the sum paid to tho
Board Is exhausted, and If the sum
paid Is more than sufficient for that
purpoge tho excess shall be returned
to the employer when the right to compensation cornea to an end,
Vi, The Hoard may require an employer who Is Individually liable to
pny compeniation to Insure his workmen and keep them insured agstint accidents In respect of which he may
iiiuonu- liable to pay compensation In
a company Mpprovcd by the Hoard for j
Imperial Bank of Canada
MfeAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7;000,000       Reserve Fund ....-17,000,000
PELE3 HOWLAND, Esq., Presldert   ELIA3 ROGERS, Esq., Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES IN BRITI8H COLUMCIA
Arrowhssd, Athsimer, Chase, Crsnbrook, Fernls, Golden, Invsrmers,
Natal, Nslsen, RsVelstoks, Vsn couver, Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
IMerest sllovned on dsposits st c-»rr-»nt rats from dsts of dsposU.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN Manager
I
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
of all right* and rights of action, statu
tory or otherwise, to which s workman
or bin dependents art- or may be entitled iiRSltmt the employer of such
workman tor or by reason of pny at"
ild-cnt which happens lo him while In
in* I'liipioymetit of such employer, and
ttorl.er or a person onKagud In dirical bin employer, ili*** workman or his do- j after tlie day named by Proclamation
pendent*. If tnttiilett to compensation j at mentioned In section :i, and no «■>
under this I'art, may claim such com-i Hon hi rctiwct thereof shall thereafur
< fnaitilno n* miy hrlna wich nctlon      ' iv
(2) If an action i* brought and less 16. It nlinll uot be competent for a
li recovered and eollectud than tho workman to siree with ltl» employer
amount of the eompenistlon to which to w-ilv* or to forego any of the benn*
tbe workman or his dependents arw iit« to which h» or his dependents sre
nr msy twnjomt" entitled under ttil«
I'art. and ftery sgreement to tbst «nd
•iiali !m> ab«oiulely void.
work and not exposed to hazards Incident to the nature of th« work car-
i-i<.,f fm »|i thi» *>mplnym*tt?.
The cx'TcU* and performance of
ih»« powers and dutl-*s of—
in A munlcipsi corporation;
iln Any   commission   hsvlng   tho
ness for employment, specifying where j «»«* amount as tho Hoard may direct,
nocesssry the kind of employment, sand j «»** -In default of his doing so the I
his cer«ric*te. unless the Ilosrd other- j !'°«r<l »»-»>' «*«« them to be so Snsur j
wt*« dlrocts, shall be eoncluslre ss toi''1' "no may recover ihe expense ln-|
the matter certified. j «,,»'',»'d In »o doing irom the umployvr. j
If ft workman does not submit hlmj :!l» <»> Whw an employer who l«
relf for examination when renolred to j t»»Hvl*Ttsall> liable to pay the compni-
do io ss provided by subssctlon <ii!"fltU»> Is InsureJ analnst bis liability
of section 21, or on being roqotred to j •« l»»K conipcnuitlon, tbe llosrd ms)
iio so does not > .bmlt himself for et- ren«ir»* ibe insurance compiny or oth
nm'ntttfni' tn i n-dtc»l wferne nii'it>r***' nnderwrllcr to nnv ftin sum which
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of thepe boxes
IM
tttannffement and rondnct of snf work entitled under thl« Fart, the different**
or *#rvic« owned by or oersted for a j between the amount recovered and col-
municipal corporation; anil | leeled anil the nmounl of mich «om-
ic» A hoar I if schiiftt tru$te«.s pensstion fhatl be payable as compen-
•hall for the purposes of Psrt I. b« sation to such workman or hia dope*-
dei'tiiti ihi' trade or bnslnesi of the <!ents.
corporation or School Boird, Imt tbe «• If tb* wnrkmsa or hts depen.
obiitf.-idi.fi to i.tiy rompesiation under *'4«uts elect to clslm compeusslion uu-
I'art « tbsil apply only to s«ch part «tw this Part, the »mplor«r. if he >•
lhat subsection * or under subsection
ill of thit Section, or In sny wsy ob-
ntnirto nny e*!»minstion, his .tight to
compensation, or. If he is In receipt
uu 'or the contract or limiranre inch
rotnpsny or underwriter would bo liable to pay to ths employer tn respect
of sn accident to a workman who be-
to* nmnaik mroiufATmw Am* t*
Powlor, Managor Porn la Bran oh
It. 111 Where the compensation li
imynble by an employer Indltldnslly,
nu agreement between a workmsi rr
dependent snd the employer for filing
ihe .iiuoiiiii uf the compensation, or
of s weekly or other perfodtrsl psr-1 com'»- °f *ho** «t*P*«Mlen»s become.
ment. hts right to It. shsl! be suspended until audi examination bas taken
place.
IS. Any weekly ot ether periodical-
payment m% workman may bu reviewed st ihe reqnett of tho employer er
of lbs workman if (he eompsnssttoa i
entitled to compensation under tbla
I'art, directly to the Hoard In dli-
rhsrge or In disehsrte pro Unto of
the compeniitloR lo whleb web work-
mnn or hia t'opendent* nre found to br
entitled,
(2) In nny case to which subsection
is p.).ble by tits employer indlvldu-i'" applies, where a rial* for cowpen-
ally. or. If the rompenmtion !• payable!«««» <• »«*t. notice ef the clslm
by whiih the workman or dependent
ef «tt« iriiife or business sn. If If onto  !ltd»rld»ally Msbfe to pay It, and tbm ^ceeptnor asrr<Mloa*rrvpt t sttpelslsd
mrriMi «ti by a rompony «r aa Individ-; Mest-ii. M »he coeipwiastioa is payntH* *ui» ih m*m or *« MiwtsHiwi oi ii.joot or tho Accident r»ad,   of    Ibe j **•*•» u *i%*b »« »*»* l»*«i»e«* com-
ti:i«  «#itfiii ne an tnrfuttry tor the time -net ofthe hn-itteot Point. »b»H lie ewb- nbsll he MihHimi wn ine sorhm^t* tttltonni* own rom inn, er st tbe reqneit ■ P*B> *,r o^*1 -underwriter sad to tha
'«Ht * m-HM In flchedsle I or Bcb#d- rousted to the rights of the sr«rlt«MMt ] t*p*otmt ontmt It U sppwivel hy of tbe *rer|taaat., sal ee seek review J employr. snd Ihe Heerd shall deter.
<»?«- ■:, .iri.l to workmen employed In or or his dependent*, and may mslnisin lh* Hoard, the Hoard may put an end to or dlmln- 'mine not only the question of the right
it. . i,ri»<fii»n therewith, »n settee in blew thtlr names ag-iinet      itt tinbn-mitkm tli »U*H nol  »»ply jl»h or may ineresse seek payment to]"r tl>« workman or dependant to co»-
PAUT l. f!t« p-swftti. ,'igsAtMt, whom. tli*. ii.trt.lon in eonipeiiMntlon  for ismporarv  dl«- n mini, mnt, linjmmi Uw mw«I«mmm. u#p».]l»',nantIon, tml nlso tho qtiesllon whelh-
Csopoiwatleo Ilea, and asr num recovered frem him ability lasting tot Itm thaa fo-ir veekt, I imif ior prescribed. I"" lh» "*«!• «r aay part ef It thoald
Hi uoere. iu sny empHoymefli to »•) is* umm snail Ions pan ot uw.mii im mis t-nnm tl
»n.i ,   -.it* li'.tKw n-feietn, yttm***** *»•  ,i*.*ielm*** iHmW. * j ■;»■*, ettp**.******* *•*- ■»•*" •'*■**«■«»*•» m -.i*-1i*±ms m *mm iwvmbhhs wwihh -»*»s*»W"W*«i
tli Tb* electiea absil be nutm nntt imunmet. t*t aiid* th* *mat-m*--u endear* ot ate aad tbe review latum
nUim *ti *&* nmuiOmm mOM ttnoott-omi-**''1* *-'' i,J""'' ,'A^'1 "•'',J''1 *'" iK*1'
lot}
(lb
■) **. t idem «ri«t«g ont of aad te
r**** -«m*viiv *# »•* mmm*mam* *n«ii(-
; t* - iij.\i I ,i .ia (J.
ttaSmxtloii ill.
-.mm,*.
tomiwntxtum in the msnner sed te and » xtermm m this nection ref*rred c* mi*nsatlort to wbleb ths wortnun
itte extent heret«i»f|»-r ofnllnne^ #t- lo ** "tb* pirtorfpari In the tomtm or deptad#nt has bmome eaflttot be-
te,*;  there lhe tijury   -
mi t«oe# ii<»f ditsble the vorkasa*
*t*i* •*,- r,i*f'r->1 nt tt letnt ftinrtecn rflft
1mm ••mint fall «s»«s st tht work
, •     '•*',.'.- t) .'?i>;i:>f. or
i in I* *iu,ltnuttif aofoly to tb* s*ri-
em* *%,*» mlltm M><iM«i«4»«f -of %h» *er*-
Omn, enktat the tojam immtln tw dewlh
m- fiertmo* <*ti«ohtesift
of or for tho pari***** of bla trade or rsmw of If
b«tfs««s re-streets with say oiher per-     li. Ill It shall mt be lawfal t-r- as
inn tin tbt* nerttrtn mfurretf tri n* *fbm'' nmiffnfnt. etAtmt rftntflf nr ft*Nf?r#etfr
• ojurjietor'» for tb* nenitHm bf   ar»tj 4»*sei frem tbe
,.,#,..» iifcf. . lyn*?-*-,*f.*>f ,*,' !•»>,. nfiDb* nr.li'    vfiftiri***'.   or,*   j>
,.u* -pen ot my wonk ssdortsluMi by* nkuk tkt tmomyot tn or mny Ym-um*
the frtas^ksl.. Ibe iwisripol «fc»ll be ln.ll* te' mt ta ib* woritssao «« ttm-
i*We io pay i» my weeks*** essfdoy• j pevwettee wntot Ihta Part, tf te te-
*4 tm «b» mammttnm ef tm* w«*t th*|<|ssw» er lo atresia Mf «f bim w-mb>
* «*>*■ +".w->iii*jaiie*i| e», *n«r iwrt-V* nt n *b«!1 %#■ 0wm wPiMiii ii*s-!. imh ttttmn ** s»*r h» i*immi»#I j**t       gritetf mm*' tbm Mw utertie eftsf tbt    '** Serrtea It ebeH noptf bn Ibe
a dsy to be narnod by Proclsmstfon of rime and 1» the msnner pmtbbi'Arl   it* Xelhlng In this settle* shalt to aewWewn tb* ameant At • ireettr ^ty-|«»l»»"»«e« peysbie fe thw floor*
dei mod to suthorlxp the making n1 any j ment may he increaaeft lo Ibe sum to',",,,!f' suhs-Mtleti IH.
******* *»• mmmm ease mmm mmxtitm Mi ■"- <*'"■ >*■*•*<* -***■ ********* -.mam*
bla average tsretaie brt et tbe dar* I rwmaeeet dlssMlMy. *HWr teui er
ef lb* a**li*et be«i **esl lo wbet. w|l»«arU»l. er II* death ef lire wortimnn.
be hsd net been tolotmt, be oootb •■* «*• «e»pe»ai««i la pajabl* br
prebsbly bate bom wufttat « tte «• tiepleitf indivldesttf. «b* Heard
date ef ib* rett*w. \»*t Win Ibe enpteyer te pey le
«l.   ttt Whom rb* mmpeemtton r«'*b* HaaNi sneh seat as I* ft* itptnlm
tin
*b*
l ■,,!•, * ,t' ijon'ruoi   lu  f'ouaill,   -nilon"
i  in, »  ttmamm*). Mm ■Mepimyat      **,   >>» *-*nmm*w x*n* tvm^amamxtmm tm, .mm mmmniii m»»* «iu *■**&»** *tt
In- ,taM«- io prwride or to pay  i«yat»«e by th* employer IndfvldmiHy, »b t«i»*nl thai hss bapwoed and tin
«ag*e ef ear nf j payable by an sss»H|it brt|fti«WfJ»j» * •««WeM. •** **• toiewell
Krf  nt ^    tti.tttUht* ^ntpfojcr mtj. rrfth tfte riYtWUlt tftlb***** l* Inmate* an na tm *trn tn-l
r**
lit* xnWhtft -umpt- ont ttttmynmnnm '*Ut%  br   -optM ***** ■ tm* tm trntititSPtHf tn my oni%om* *«•
ti^ni-itiif   **ntt*+* tb*  i*-in   *****x T*iih»' *'*' jt-if It itm* trwrOwimw ' mtfifa   fnitt*mnlfflm>   *b*   mm**mr*t
"*% v •■*
i#
tke mrrkiin mt Omemmttmt m
«™*     -^ mmw m*^^*mttm   s^w    ooompmtommmiamw    am*
it |« tuijraMe mmt wHbib* apptewal ef
ib*' no*?* tmt tmt mberotm, end
g^ll^^-^ Lm. •*_ --^^ wM-ihfc-iii ^^mt mS it^m M^^^kmmA
"itW w Wtt fmyWAFttF VWf pm omm I^PHilW
VmH the mm mnt itrnmot* tttt
ireebff nr olftur pi»ffrt»fTwif pijurewf*
ti-test *t tbs mt ot fim por mm. pm
asanas, te eiret tb* fa-tare tomtom
te be aMde to tb* •atteaMwi er bis ie-
pett-iasita, awl tmeb ami vim pOtt tb
|La    SfeAAM^I   ^^bttH   f^^L   M^^i^^^mj^O   m^^    tLm   aua^H
IP   weWi«^i   (HWI1   Wtr   wlweWPWi   ■PJf   mtl  ImtAAl
J
\ THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE,    B.C., APRIL 10,. 1915.
PAGE THREE
5
7
Act for B.C.
*>
ICentlnved frem Pace Tyrol
shall form a fund to meet such fu*
ture payments.
(2) The Board, instead of requiring
the employer to make the payment
provided for by subsection (1), may
require him to give such security as
the Board may deem sufficient for the
future payments.
32. (1) (When a right to compensation is suspended under the provisions
of thia Part, no compensation shall
be payable in respect of the period ot
suspension.
SCALE   OF  COMPENSATION
33. (1) Where death results from
an Injury, the amount of the compensation shall be:
(a) The necessary expenses of the
burial of the workman, not exceeding
seventy-five dollars.
(b) Where the widow or an invalid
widower is the sole dependent, a monthly payment of twenty dollars.
(c) Where the dependents are a
wldo'w or an invalid widower and one
or more children, a monthly payment
of twenty dollars, with an additional
monthly payment of five dollars for
/each child under tne age of sixteen,
years, not exceeding in the whole forty
dollars.
(d) Where the dependents are children, a monthly payment ot ten dollars to each.child under the age ot
sixteen years, not exceeding in the
whole forty dollars.
(e) Where the workman was under
the age of twenty-one years, aud the
dependents are his parents or one of
them, a monthly payment of twenty
dollars, ceasing when the workman
would have attained the age of twenty-
one years or at such later period as
the Board may deem just.
(f) Where the sole dependents are
persons other than those mentioned in
the foregoing clauses, a sum reasonable and proportionate to the pecuniary loss to such dependents occasioned by the death, to be determined iby
the Board, but not exceeding in the
whole forty dollars per month;
(2) In the case provided for by
clause (f) of subsection (1), the payments shall continue only so long as ln
the opinion of the Board it might reasonably have been expected,' had the
 ^™rkiiiaij-iiT*edrilw-ivOu<u_have---CDiitiiiU-"
ed to contribute to the support of the
dependents.
(3)- Where there are both total and
partial dependents, the compensation
may be allotted partly to the total
and partly ito the partial dependents.
(4) Where the Board Is of opinion
that for any reason it ls necessary or
desirable that a payment in respect ot
a child should not be made directly to
its parents, the -Board may direct that
the payment be made to auch person
or be applied in such manner as the
Board may- deem most for the advantage of the child.
(5) The compensation payable as
provided by subsection (1) shall not
in any case exceed fifty-five per cent,
of the average monthly earnings of the
workman mentioned In section 37, and
If the compensation payable under
that subsection would In any case exceed that, percentage it shall be reduced accordingly, and where several
porsons are entitled to monthly payments ^lie payments shall be reduced
proportionately.
31. (1) If a dependent widow marries, the monthly payments to her
shall cease, but she shall be entitled
in lieu of them to a lump sum equal
to the monthly payments for two
years, and such lump sum shall be
payable within one month after the
day of her marriage.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply
to payments to a widow in respect of
n child.
35. A monthly payment in respect
of a child shall cease when the child
attains the age of sixteen years or
dies.
30. Where a workman leaves, no
dependents, such sum. as the Board
may deem reasonable for the expenses
of his medical attendance and other 1
care during his disability, and of his
burial, shall be paid to the persons to
whom such expenses are due.
37. Where permanent total disability results from the Injury, the amount
of the compensation shall be a weekly
payment during the life of the workman equal to fifty-five per cent, of his
average weekly earnings during the
previous twelve months if he has been
so long emplpyed, but If not, then for
any <less period during which he has
been in the employment of his employer.   .       ,
38 (1) .Where permanent partial disability results from the injury, the
■tm*mpBireBtion"^hBir*%eTr~wSekiy~lia5*:'
ment of flfty-flve per cent, of the difference between the average weekly
earnings of tbe workman before the
accident and the average amount
which he , is earning or is able
to earn in sonie suitable employment
or business after the accident, and
the compensation shall be payable during the lifetime of the workman.
1 (2) Where the impairment of the
earning capacity of the workman does
not exceed ten per cent, of his earning capacity, instead of such weekly
payment the -Board shall, unless, ip the
opinion of the Board it would not be to
the advantage of the workman to do
so, direct that such lo^np sum as may
be deemed tp be the equivalent of -it
shall <be paid to the workman.
3d. 'Where temporary total,, disability results from the Injury, the compensation shall be, the same as tbat
prescribed by section 37, but shall be
payable only so long as the disability
lasts.
. 48. Whore temporary partial disability results from the injury, the
compensation shall be the same as that
prescribed -by section 38, but -shall be
payable only so long as the disability
lasts, and subsection (2) of that section shall apply.
41. (1) Average earnings shall be
pomputed In such a manner as is best
calculated to give the rate per week or
month at which the workman was remunerated, but not so as in any case
to exceed the rate of two thousand
dollars per annum.
(2) Where, owing to the shortness
of the time during which the workman
was in the employment of his employer or the casual nature of his employment or the terms of It, It ts impracticable to compute the rate of remuneration as of the date of the accident,
regard may ,be had to the average
weekly or monthly amounhwhlch during the twelve months previous to the
accident was being earned by a person
in. the same grade employed at the
same work by the same employer, or
If there is no person so employed, then
by a person in the same grade employed in the same class of employment
and in the same locality.
(3) Where the workman has entered into concurrent contracts of service with two or more employers and-
er which he worked at one time for
one of them iiind ^t another time for
another of them, his average earnings
shall be computed on theibasis of what
he would -probably have been earning
if he had been employed solely in the
employment of the employer £pr whom
he was working at the time-wthe accident.
(4) Employment Dy me samo employer shall mean employment by the
same employer in the grade in which
the workman wa"s employed at the time
of the accident uninterrupted hy absence from work due to illness or any
other unavoidable cause.
(5) Where the employer was ae/»ss-
tomed to pay the workman a sum to
cover any apecial expenses entailed
on him by the nature of his employment, that sum shall not be reckoned
as part of his earnings.
42. (1) In fixing the amount of a
weekly or monthly payment, regard
shall be had to any payment, allowance, or benefit which the workman
may receive from his employer during
the period of his disability, including
any pension, gratuity, or other allowance provided wholly at the expense
of the employer.
(2) Where the compensation is payable out of the Accident Fund, any
sum deducted from the compensation
under subsection (1) may be paid to
the employer out of the Accident Fund.
13. Where the compensation Is payable out of the Accident Fund the
Hoard may, 'wherever it Is deemed advisable, provide -that the payments of
compensation may be fortnightly or
monthly Instead of weekly.
44. Where a- workman or a dependent is an infant under the age ot
twenty-one years or under any other
'egal disability, the compensation to
which lie is entitled may be paid to
such person or be applied in such manner as the Board may deem most for
his. advantage.
(The other portion of the act will be
published in our next Issue.)
Killing The Babies
Most mothers love babies, but :t is+
a strange combination of love -:<iid
ignorance on the part'of mothers that
causes twenty-five per cent, of our
babies to die before they reach one
y ear of age. .Mothers frequently and
with the best intentions feed and dress-a
tl.ei.- babies in a manner that, for uie
sake of a better term, is simply "killing the. babies with kindness."
What is the meaning of tbe worldwide interest In- Child Welfare today?
It means that socialogists, philaft-
to it that there are "better Canadian
babies," and as a natural result there
will be more of them.-
WIT  VERSUS  CONVICTIONS
In the first chapter of his Autobiography .Mr. Roosevelt criticised,
directly, the almost universal custom
of making intercollegiate debating a.
contest of wits rather than convictions.    He said iu part:
"Personally I have not the slightest
throplsts, eugenists, all thoughtful wo-'-J sympathy  with  debating contests  in
ShilohM
The  family remedy   for  Coughs  and  Colds.
Hit all dote.    Small  bottle.    Best since  1870
ALUM
Dk.PRICE'S
men and men, are discovering that tbe
welfare of the child holds such an important place in our social and national
life, that no longer cau this study be
neglected.
There is a God-given instiuct in
every deceut man and woman that
cries out for protection for the chil
dren. The world cau look with composure at dead men in trenches and
shattered cathedrals; but maimed,
naked, starving children Is a sight it
cannot bear without passion and
amazement, and a strong desire to do
things.
The mortality among children 'is
dreadful. If a like death rate should
take place with our cows, horses or
pigs, the Government would at once
take action, and see to it that the
cause was removed. The cause of this
enormous mortality among children
Is Ignorance—the ignorance of parents
—compulsory education; and the one
thing needful for the perpetuation and
welfare of the human family Is not in
the curriculum.
The conservation of human life—the
knowledge that will lessen the number
of tiny graves in the cemeteries, and
the saddened hearts of loving parents
—this is the Information the  Better J thinking, talking, and  believing
Canadian Babies Bureau is trying toi'Federal  -incorporation   Is   about
diffuse.
which each side is arbitrarily assign-1
ed  a  given   proposition  and  told   to
maintain it without tne least reference
to whether those maintaining  it believe tn it or not.     The present method of carryiug on debates encourages precisely the wrong attitude among
those who take part in them.     Thtre
is no effort to Instill sincerity an-J intensity of conviction.     On tbe  contrary, the net result is to make thet'
contestants feel that their convictions!
have nothing to do with their anru '
ments.     I am exceedingly glad that 1
did not take part in the type of debate
in which stress is laid, not upon sitting a speakbr to think rightly, bur on'
getting him to talk glibly on the sine
to which he Is assigned, without regard either to what his convictions a>e
or to what they ought to be."
This statement-has aroused no li'.lle
discussion in academic circles. The
Harvard Alumni "Bulletin" somewhat
naively inquires: "Is there something
in Colonel Roosevelt's contention?"
That there certainly is a letter published In that journal goes far to show.
'Mr. Hans von Kaltenborn writes his
own experience as a debater:
"In my own case," he says, "after
hat
the
WS HEALTH III I
TERRIBLE STATE
"Fruit-a-tiies" Healed His
Kidneys and Cured Him
HA.GERSVIU.B, Ont , Aug. 26th. 1913.
"About two years sgo, I found mv
health in a very bad state. My Kidneys were not doing their work and I
was all run down in condition. I felt
the need of aome good remedy, and
havingsecn "Fruit-a-tives* 'advertised.
I decided to try tyem. Their effect,
I found more than satisfactory.
Their action was mild snd the result
all that could be expected.
My Kidneys resumed their normal
action after I bad taken upwards of a
dozen boxes, and I regained mj old-
time vitality. Today, I am enjoying
the best health I hsve ever had''.
B. A. KELLY
" Fruit-a-tivea" is the greatest
Kidney Remedy in the world. It acta
on the bowels and skin at well as on
the kidneys, and thereby soothes and
cures any Kidney soreness.
'.Fruit-a-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6for$a.50,trial size 35c.
or will be sent'on receipt of price by
Fruit- a tives Limited, Ottawa,
j most unsatisfactory solution of the
First of all it ought to be the child's! trust problem, I was sent to Princeton
privilege to be born right, of healthy j to argue for Federal incorporation,
parents, having no history of mental J The Insincerity and artificiality of my
disease, malignant troubles, tuber-j speech was as apparent to the judges
culosls, or alcholism. The child does' as it was to myself, and we lost the de-
not select its parents, and it is a trag-j bate largely because my speech failed
leal situation ir, as the child grows up, I to carry conviction. Moreover, I have
It learns to deplore that such Is the j never ceased feeling thoroughly
case< \ ashamed for having yielded to the per-
Pre-natal influences and their effect! suasion of the debate manager*,
ipon the mental and physical condition I    "Throughout  the  trials  which  ev-
3f later life might be profitably studied | ton .led over a period of several weeks,
by prospective parents.   In fact, If the j and in the course of which I spok3 as
same care and common sense used in i
.he management of the domestic ani
mns~^fe~appHed^in the rearing of
children, it would be a great Improvement on the present methods.
Mothers have It ln their power to see
I believed, points and iitustrationfi siiit-
gested themselves srmntaneoimlv.     In
'iiioiis and unpleasant weeks o'l my college career-I struggled to change my
helief and to armor myself again*: it
wiili an incrawlng array jf "proof.'
Again and again the kindly iAo:.cl', who
vv;.- fiving up his '.ime to a hopeless
cause, shook his head and sug:j',p1
that I was net doing as well a*.-»; ilie
trip Is. I knew it and couldn't help 5t.
When the day tamo I went Into tin? debate without joy or confidence. 1
cpnie out feeling bitter an,1 sick at
brart over having brought defeat. tc
my college without the consoling reflection that I had done my best-"
.Mr. von Kaltcrborn concludes this
heartfelt protest with the following
expression of his opinion: "Informal
discussions are almost the only kind
encountered In real life. One give-
and-take session with men who believe
what they say and are permitted to say
what they believe is better training
than a dozen formal debates."
reading, my mind grasped qui.-kly and
ot'gerly everything that bore or. my
conti ntions.     Having made tha team
, for throe  weeks—the most ar-
HoWs This?
We oflW One Hundred Dollars nr-.v-i.-l io.- any
late ol Catarrh ttot cannot bu cmvii by llallf
Cntarrb Cure,
e. S. CIIFKEY * CO., Toledo, O,
Wt, thc undrifecni'd, have Known I". J Lhencr
lor Hv laiit ' 5 ynr*. md Mlcvc lilm ivrfw-lly honorable In all liuBlnew traiiiactlotu sun ilnstnctally
• hii- I ** rar9.,M,..-^., ..Ml,-*..!.*.... ...«.!.. tu.  I.l» 9-mi,
National Hank ok coiimeii.t,
Toll-do. Ohio.
Ilall'f CVan-h Cure In taken  lnti>rn«lly,  acting
directly uixiu the UimhI &m| mucous aurluc-a ol the
nyin-m.   Tmtitnunial* *wni free,   Prim ;a ve,'i* pel
oottle.   Sold by &1I ilriiCTMii.
Tate lull's Family I'llli lot cooitlpailoo.
Jm
\
t*
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal in the Crows Nest Pass
it*
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals io them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy* All advertising of a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey* U* &
We have iooked through your paper wim considerable care and interest We miffht take thin opportunity to **.
press our appreciation for tlie service a* rendered to for. We would aho add that it ia one of tbe cleanest weeklies that we
have run across in sometime.
> lif^i'Pt* i- .1*
W -
- 1*3** t v|.
"fA
. 'litHfWl
-1 **i'itm TOF0UB
i
THE DISTRICT LEDgER, FEBNIE, B.C., APRIL 10, 1915.
Published every Thursday evening at il* office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT,
Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
£^.
^^^■'J
UNEMPLOYMENT
The individual who has reached this mental stage
i;. ripe to receive the instruction which, when preferred him only a short time ago he scornfully rejected and dubbed the person discussing the subject
us a dangerous agitator and grouch:
This same, individual may not know the meaning
nl' economic determinism, but that does not prevent
him from feeling its full exemplification.
There was nothing '"wrong" nor''unfair" when
lie was in rceeipt of wages which enabled him to
[u-n'viile  the  necessaries  of life for himself    and
family; today when he finds that his honesty, so-      riie town of Layland, West Virginia,
iriety and loyalty did not meet with lhe reward he I the scene of the last catastrophe of the
state, is located about six miles from
Quiniiomont which is on the main line
Westt Virginia
Mine Disaster
A Mine Which Never Generated Gas
has an Explosion. Many lives lost
and Many Lives Saved After Having Been Given up for Lost.
This product of our so-called civilization is
chronic ami not transitory, as so many superficial
thinkers would have us believe.
I.'neiiiploynienl is the inevitable outcome of the
I'rofit System.
The prime object of production of commodities
i.s not I heir use value Imt their profit making functions.
Profit simply means'that somebody gets sonic-'
lliiug for nothing, hence if .somebody gi-ts something
for nothing, somebody else gets nothing for something.
If we take a whole number (an integer) no"matter
how many fractions we may divide it into we cannot by putting all tlie fractions together produce
anything greater than a whole number.
The above are simple truths that one might imagine would be self-evident to every human being of
average intelligence. Strange as it may seem, however, such is mil the case, and whilst ."volumes of
printers' ink and innumerable efforts have been expended to remedy the evil of unemployment by re-
It'i'in measures, they are not a wli it more effective
than that of the dumb-witted creature who cut several inches off the waist of her skirt in order to
lengthen the lower part.
We have stated that unemployment is chronic,
this is indisputable. Of course, we realize that il
varies in intensity from lime to time, still, even in
the  mosl   prosperous  {'.)   times there are always
considered himself entitled to receive, he talks glibly aliout "fairness." "justice." and like high-
sounding but vacuous abstractions.
In order to prevent this type of individual (growing daily more numerous) from either sinking into
i. despondent apathy or an irrational anarchist, we
must teach him the importance of using his intellect
lor enlightenment and his energies for construction,
not wanton destruction.
The "right to work" bug has mnde considerable
impression upon some of the so-called labor leaders
oblivious to the fact that the Iron Chancellor as far:
back as 1884 said in the German Reichstag: "Give!
the woi;)cingman a right to work as long as he has;
health, assure him care when he is sick, and furnish
him maintenance w-hen he is old,"     When Otto von
Bismarck made this declaration he was not actuated by any desire to further the interests of the
working class, but to. stem the rising tide of discontent wliich he feared would result disastrously
for the capitalists class of Germany, and yet there
arc "leaders." especially in Great Britain, shouting
loudly for the "right to work."
What the worker should struggle for is the "right
tii be lazy," This he cannot accomplish until pro-,
duction be undertaken with-use tis its first consideration, then with the marvellous productivity re:
sultant from his labors, instead of being forced to
indulge in periods of unemployment with all its attendant discomforts, production may be temporarily suspended whilst consumption continues steadily.
This is easy to talk about, but hard to accomplish
until the workers themselves as a class have reached
the conclusion that as they produce all. their's is
the "right" to enjoy all. That "right" they'll
•everobtain by squealing'about their hurts, but
only liy, si inlying the cause of the trouble, and then
by Inlving full e^iiitrol of the administration of
affairs.
Through remedial measures Capitalism may les-
inore candidates for jobs than there are jobs vacant,   sen unemployment, but its eradication can only be
A few years ago. wlien lhe mines ami mills in this  -u-coniplished by llie working class who. in order to
district were actively engaged, wc did not hear of cure the disease, must adopt revolutionary noi re-
any industry being compelled to close down for lack   i'oriiiistic methods.
of hands.    In those by-gone days of commercial      We know full well reforms will be instituted, nol
prosperity poverty was by no means an unknown   solely because the sufferers demand fhem. but for
quantity, but as jobs were more easily obtained the j llie  reason  that   those" now  enjoying the benefits
—*TnT^,grrTnictTvidTntd-jnm^
was a job for every man if he would only look for
it.
Kveii under lhe most favorable known conditions
I here has been everywhere a large percentage rtf
Ihe working elass unable to sell their unique com-   ing it would not hesitate to show thai whilst it ai'-
of the C. & O. Ry. The mine is at an
elevation of 2500 feet. The vein ot
coal runs from 3 tp 5 feet thick with
very good roof. Electric haulage
even to gathering the coal at the face
of the works, .
The mine is a drift and 7500 feet
deep from the pit mouth to the 10th
heading, and no part of the mine was
ever known to generate gas. It was
regarded by all practical mining men
as a perfectly safe mine, with not the
slightest thought of danger from any
kind of an explosion.
An impression got out that there
wore three mines affected by the explosion which took place but this is
an error for the .reason there is but
one mine, Xo. 3, and what were reported as mines 4 and 5 were simply
sections of Mine No. 3. On the morning of Alarch 2nd, the men reported
for work as usual and there was no
thought that within a few hours many
of tliem would be hurled into eternity.
Iiertolet and Chief Henry and theft
associates, tore down the stoppings to
reach the 42 entombed miners.
It is known that 109 lives were lost
and 54 lives were saved. Seven lives
were saved the morning of the disaster, .March ,2. Five men walked out
on Saturday morning, after being in
the mine three days, and the other
42 lives were saved by the prompt action of the rescuers named above. It
is not definitely known whether there
are- any other bodies in the mine.
The good judgment of the leaders
of the 47 men who had the presence
of mind to build stoppings and keep
the -black damp out until relief came,
and the active worlt of the West Virginia Mining Department, together
with that of the general manager ot
the company, had much to do with
saving the 47 lives after the men had
been imprisoned for three days.
Oscar Kerr, superintendent, and
hollis Nahodll, mine foreman, and
in a liy others rendered splendid service in organizing and carrying the
rescue work. The Federal Bureau of
Mine men rendered good service in
helping to rescue the men who were
saved.
if there is any movement on foot, as
reported from Washington, to give
gold medals to the men who performed
permanently found, only In work itself. But not in polishing pins and
punching eyelet-holes. The brain
worker, tho man whose hands are-bust,
ed in fashioning things of beauty, the
skilled artisan whose every .faculty
is absorbed in his daily oqjsupation-i-
these can and do find their pleasure
in their ordinary work. But he who
simply feeds the machine he did not
make and cannot repair has no such
pleasure; and, under the industrial
system, his is the lot of the majority.
Professor Walker goes on to advocate a scheme dealing with the unemployed which by industrial education
would turn them into a self-supporting
army, or production-tfor-use association on a broad basis,—Review of Reviews.
PULLMAN PORTERS' SALARY
ON PARADE
When the news spread that an explo-  tl,e most heroic work, lt will be found
slon had taken place in the mine con-
sternation spread throughout the town.
Experienced and practical miners
could not realize, nor would they believe that an explosion had taken
place; When tlie truth dawned on
the people of Layland and the people
in that vicinity, many wild reports
were flashed across the country.
The destructive force of the explosion was not in evidence by numerous falls of roof and slate as had been
reported. The only real evidence of
an explosion on the outside was that
the drift mouth timber had been disturbed. On the inside 300 feet from
the mouth of the mine the first body
was found with no marks or evidence
of violence, but there were evidence
that the poor fellow had lost his life
from the effects of the black damp.
When the real significance of what
on investigation that the managers
and employes of the company as well
as the chief of the West Virginia Mining Department and his district inspectors ^ will certainly be rewarded for
their splendid service.—Coal. Mining
Review.
IS LABOR ON THE WRONG TACK?
What of Joy  in  Work and Country
Life?
In the."Hlbbert Journal" Professor
Hugh Walker inquires if the brains
behind the Labor Revolt, are all wrong.
N'ot all wrong*, he answers, but seriously so. The Labor man,. Socialist
or Syndicalist, would, with all his
changes, leave Industrialism essentially as it is.     Men would have better
pay or shorter hours, but otherwise
had happened was realized, the state j their lives would not be greatly chnng-
miiiiiig department  was notified  and j od.     They leave untouched the prob-
imniediate preparation was made to
outer the mine and rush the work of
rescue. Genera! Manager H. M. Her.
tolot was on his way home from the
Kast   an<^ reeclved  word  at  Ilinton,
"West Va., of what had happened.   He
left the train at Quinniniont a little
TeTiiTir»"ihe;v"Tii7r\"~iTTrsui).'|cct"to spoiiaiTonrwrii give
u inil is nppaivullv a concession in order lo prolonjj
I heir lenure of office.      The question  was asked I r,,nl!Gr west  aml   Promptly  took  an
,.      ...    , , , .    . .    ,,       .  •        i.   • i! active part In the work of exploring
ns recently: Would you object to llie giving ol aid!
to those in need?     AVe replied. "Xo! but when giv
niodily—labor power. They who have bleated -o
loudly in the past about there being "a job for
everyman who is willing to work" arc silent now.
Vet. lei. there be temporary prosperity noticeable
anywhere and ow-e again their .strident voices are
repeating the .same old parrot cry.
Today events are showing the workers more clearly than ever there is no escape for their class from
the unemployment scourge. Many who have enjoyed that desii'iitum of the worker -a steady job —
and their conceit prevented them from taking any
notice of Hie changes going ou around them, aie
now unable'to find it muster, therefore Ihey are in
i shite of blue funk, nuking sympathy and advice of those whom they regarded but a khort time
ago ns visionaries and eidamily howlers, We do
not enjoy witnessing others suffer, neither is il pleasurable to have to suffer Oliesell'. N'everHleles-i. re-
.ili/ins: lhe only escape is Ihrougli co-operation, nnd
thai that eo-uperation can only be obtained through
forded a temporary relief the sent of the trouble
■being more deeply imbedded, a cure cgttld only be
effected.by removal of the tripartite root cause—
Kent—Intercut—Profit!"
After the conclusion of thc Boer War the late
t.oi'ii Huberts received lhe tidy sum of $000,01)0
from the British Ooverninent as a reward for sei-
viees. ll was liis to do what he liked with. T'.ie
use he put over a fifth of this aiiiounl was to build
up the industries of the State of .Minnesota, as wis
recently shown by the amount paid in death duties
when the estate of "Bobs" was probated. The
vioi'l-teis are told to be patriotic, but the ultra-pat-
jots generally follow the course of "I)o-ns-I-f::iy,
ami iiotiis-l-do -stamp." The workers Imve no
country; the capitalists It tio w no country \vh'»u
their material interests are paramount.
the mine and endeavoring to effect
the rescue of the entombed mine workers, lie stayed with the work night
and day.
Karl A. Henry, chief of the Mining
Department of West Virginia, and a
number of his district Inspectors
promptly arrived on the scene and
they were later followed by the federal
bureau of mine men. The work of entering the mine for the purpose of
rescue was organized and rushed with
ill the speed consistent with safety,
Kveryththg necessary for the work
oi rescue was promptly fdrnUlied by
Mr, Iiertolet, the Rt'iiernl ma/ner. Xo
effort was spared to facilitate the
work of the rescue crews. Kvery
porslhle HSfintance was also promptly
rendered by tlie other operating companion In lhe New lllvef district,
.Mine work-era evory where volunteer-
I ml their services.
lem of the relation between the population and the land:
"What revolts the thoughtful mind
in relation to our Industrial classeR ia
nnr soielv llm -pvppks r>f tnlLa.nri_i.hp_in*.
|8 a week." ■ "We cau get all the mon
we want at that rate,"'was the reply.
The witness was asked as to the
history of the tipping.system apd replied that it did not originate with
the Pullman company.
"It seems always to have beea. a
general condition. '   It didn't originate
with us.     However, if anybody ls deserving of tips it is the sleeping car,.
porter; some of them are artists."
it appeared from the testimony that
porters are permitted generally to retire at 11 or 12 p.m., and go on duty
again at 3 a.m. *' "" ■
-    Shining Shoes
"Are the porters required to polish
the shoes of passengers?" asked the
chairman.    "No; they are permitted
to," answered Mr. Hungerford.
Mr. Walsh read from a book of
rules by P.*U, Johuson, district superintendent of the Pullman company at
Omaha, entitled "What to Do and
What Not to Do," In this com'pila-
tion it appeared that porters were required to shine shoes and the witness
said they bought their own polish.
Among things forbidden were the use
of toothpicks and tobacco. The porter
standing at the steps receiving passengers must stand straight, moist not
lean indolently against the car.
"Look pleasant," says the rules;
don't give the passenger the Impression that It is a mere condescension
on your part that he is allowed to
ride at all.'1
Be Discreet in Replies. .
Other rules are that when a passenger wants to know "how Jong will
the train stop here," the porter is not
to give the number of minutes, but
say at what minute the schedule requires It to depart. When a passenger makes a request not countenanced
by the company the porter is not to
reply that the company rules forbid
it; he is instructed to say that the matter is outside his Jurisdiction.
A system of small fines for the disappearance of linens wan maintained
to prevent negligence. Last year lost
linen, frequently carried away by
careless passengers, cost the company
$178,000, the witness said.
CHICAGO, April o.-^The first government inquiry into wages and conditions of employment of sleeping car
porters and conductors was made here
today by the United States commission
on industrial relations. L. S. Hunger-
ford, general manager of the Pullman
company, was on the stand most of
the day and was questioned by Prank
P. Walsh, chairman of the commission.
In the first 15 years of the sleeping
car porter's service, Hungerford said,
he Is paid $27.50 a month. At the end
of in years he, like other service employes, automatically receives an advance of ii per cent, which makes his
pay $28.87 a month.
Bu^s His Uniform
In the first 10 years-of service he
buys h!s own uniforms, but thereafter
the company takes on this burden. A.
bonus system gives men with good records an extra monthta pay for the
year.
The men are also eligible to a relief fund after five years and to the
pension list after 20 years, but these
provisions are flexible and often applied in exceptional cases, such as disability resulting from train accidents.
Mr. Walsh then brought up the sub-
ject ot tips.
"Do you expect the public to pay the
difference between these wages and
a living wage?" he asked the witness.
"No, sjr, I don't think that was considered," the latter replied.
Heard No Dissatisfaction
"You thought them satisfied with
these salaries?" "No, I wouldn't say
that; we received no expression of dissatisfaction from them," replied Mr.
Hungerford.
"Is $27.50 enough to pay any man for
a month's work?" continued .Mr,
Walsh. "minimum wage investigations
of  the  employment  of   women  show   prommiv emit-?* rich »»icwi. ^--vv.-.hotis
thai ihey nan not subsist on less than j ihi: nut-tug uiul lung's lo avert tuuercuiotris.
adequacy of their reward, it is very
largely the thoroughly unnatural conditions under which tlieir lives are
lived. Increase of wages and diminution of hours of labor would be but
ii very Imperfect remedy for the evils
under which they suffer. Ruskin
and Wllllnm Morris were right when
they Insisted that the aim ought to be
to find joy in work; Tolstoy was more
than half right when lie Insisted that
there must be a return to the simple
life of the country. The sacrifice ol
clvllUiitlflu which his doctrine involves
Is, It Is true, too heavy, Men In all
ages have found the city indispensable
to their own elevation. Civil, urbane,
polite--language bears eloquent testimony to the fact that the life or the
town has huinanixed mul refined that
of the country, liut never in the his
lory of tbe world has the balance between the two been shaken aB lt Is
now In r.nnland, timl as It is coming
to be wherever Industrialism gains a
rooting. No treatment of the social
problem   can   be   satisfactory which
HOW TO tiET STRENGTH
after any sickness is purely a matter ol
nourishment, whether the attack was
an. ordinary cold or severe illness; the
weakened forces cannot repulse disease
germs, ami this is why a relapse is so
often fatal or why chronic weakness often
follows sickness. '
Restoring strength to millions of people
for forty years has proven the real need
for taking Scott's Uniulsion after any
sickness; nothing equals it —nothing
compares v.iih it. Iin pure, medicinal
nourishment, free from aijohol or opiates,
proinntH- creates rich »»ltwt. s»-ot.
!il
ARE YOU GOING TO EUROPE '
trip, Ile eaii flrrnnKcyoiir-rail nnd stenmship iHiokirn? over
any line you wis'li to travel cheaply and quickly. New
trains will go into servieein tlie near future giving the heat
itins Avill go into service in the near future giving the best
connections both east and west.
See him about the San Francis-
.'eo'World's Knir.
Wo solMt your KXUKEKS
nml KRKItlUT business to all
points.
J. E. OOLE, Agent, Fernie
Box 438 Phone 161
iti
i Al'tei' li-ivlu-a explored two neetloim j doe* not lake account of tills aspect;
I of the mine, it wan decided on Friday»mx\ bore syndicalism and militant
:il«ht. March till to *top lhe fan and j trade unionism are nilent, Tliey leave
rovers-? It *o thut lhe tenth heading the population for the city in lhe city;
they expect the worker to find (heir
recreation In the street*, nnd to begin
1-oiild    be    reached,   It subsequently
j developed that on the morning of the
i
The altitude of the Clival and Prosperous While
ilie "pi hiujt" pro-re**, we haw scant vyiiipathv' | Conservative (loveniiiieiH at Vieloria seems «<> be
tW those whoMe refusal to IkIpii to what was told •*,iu.'tliiiiir like that of i. very kittenish dcbulimle |,.,|ltoHlo„# „ „„„,-,,,. of m0|l Ui Wh  {o ^ ^ ^ m ^ ^ wm
litem mv now eoiiipelleil lo admit there in smiiethiii!,'  Kirst it \ April, then it's May: then they iv seared ,],<, „1]l(j, tt„,j ff01)l, t0 ^ j^jj, j„,a,i.; !o vvork     surt,|y ftu«tcln and Morris
in tlie Socialists'statements. to mime the. day.   The vitricmU aerobatie stunt* lluisiwhere they barricaded themselves wer* m0re nearly  right when they
flat liave been pulled off with reference to he elec-1 'wm Ihe effect* of the black dMii|
The Klaiiiur uf the job is disappearing fr«»m lhe
eyes of many and now they assume somewhat of an
attitude which may be summed up as follows-
I am lien-; toy eulry mlo tin- world was eliet-ied
without any desire nil my pari, i liave a hIoiohcIi
which must be led nud an intellect that demands
,'illeiiliiiii. I'p to llie prewiil tillii! I have been tl
n-cful unit in aiding* to sup|Mirt wiricty ami ima 1
Iiud my services are no lunger needed. wiiiMtjiicnly
I mam to know what society intends tu do for me.
us I do not think it's fair und right that I should
In .i number of tin- ifieol unemployed army ami a
sifb.iei't for cliaritable institutions to investigate my
..im   ..nd deride whether \ nhalfta'|m»\iiWI Willi
f.Mhl, nhelli-r ami raiment, or !»• allowed io starve.
linn date iiiiilhl mystify some people who were nol :
ivlilch  accumulated  after the  explo-
. , .        , *       ,   .' l4l«'"-     It was in the tenth heading,
liuiiiliar wilh the aggregation of corruption tliat | w,l(.r,M,„, ,2 mUtm mt>n, foMm, „»„«j
has enjoyed Die distinction ol jjovemiiitf tit Ihi* j The men who had left No, li to ho]
province for tlie last ten .war*.    I* il posnible thai  to No. to headltos did not take their j
the handwriting on tho wall scare* tliemr   l>«» tiny!ll,,,H,'r bu,ke,» wl,u ,hem a,,a th,» '""
,•    .i      ■•        * „4     **-...,  i count* 'or the fairly Rood physical
(•-nr so greatly Ihe discomforts of   iiong ««"«<^; C0Bt,ulon of the m<$ Lw who Wilkitl
from tlif trough «»a* »■<*>  wish to linger just a otlt „r ,„„ mm m fBtnn|«y moralnit
lit He while longer lo wet their feel?    "Di-rk" and (nfter being Imprisoned In tbo ninth
taught thnt the joy which men naturally desire Is to bo sought, and can be
his railway -emitrnrtor friend have Iriwl ill lhe
markets on Ihis side to raise the coin, mnl when lhe
banking itciitry say "Nay" is it possible lhal the
sl-eeplike electorate in II. (*. will say *'\yr." IW
sible- possible. Hut v*v fear even |tow*er does
not shatv this optimism.
heading for ihrw days. , <Th«y had
PIRNII LAND DISTRICT
District of Koottnay
THt   CRIMC   Of   PATRIOTISM
By Tolstoy
Tako noil.* that W'IM.IASI 8CIIAD.
of Hull Hlver, farmer, Intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at n pbnt planted at,
presence of mind to brattice ibemml»- the north-M»t tomor of Ut On* Hun-1
e* in nnd had access to Iho food loft <lr»d and Seventeen  (III), wost 40
bv ihidr camiianlnns who had aone to ""haina mor»» or leaa to. the north-wost
h/?r„^T.!ai«! ,0 eorfitr of tot m: time* north t«
,'"* l*n"' bMfltng. j chains morw or less toi ho norih-Mst
(   on K»t.tril«j niumlng *li#ii the five -. comer of ItoiMK;  thence east two
fmen wnlketl out.   at   If   resurrected j chain* more or less to a point on!
#»^»*  iiw  ,u:A   -it*.*   m.w-m',.,1  «k*»» w*l line of l-ot 29d«, theoee tooth t»l
\ wrr II of her mm alive and tarrletf-; Mat ,„ ehnim „*,„, or ^, t0 B -^
I*
i.ii.ni-1 ttrem lhal t*.l,iu»liirr iiuy in;
xr-l however that ronfllci may end. the
*llli|.    *\»U*   llf    tittilK*    Will    l-IHttilllO*
—™_ | dt th«» %nm* nny, and with yet gr«-ai*»r
nu.   rn,*** *'.* yonr**'■*■■»**'.'    r'Or tliri iri*r-wn.i«j, the Riivrn mem* mill arm,
,. »   ,       ,.«     .,,*..,«     -,.,.»l  »,„•„.,      „*tn'!*l'-*ll     -1-Kl-l  '   .ftt     •«■»■>«        99,(1     tlttr**,*.*     ft***     •"->"*      "'"ll-''>
.    •■ i>  >       ,      ■ , ,   ■ <i ,   ■■• >*.*•• ir mt — t.   rAtrr-.i.,     .<*'*, i*.'*, . —9 .*
*i irltij-it tor «h«- ni-i-be otfrtnr bfn'h>f« I <hU'»f*«   nnd  fio wo*  wIM  b*ln  **m * * *t e t***.i 1* »fc« whW-* n*A tle*t*n*e '«, ..f.|V*   "Mb  W\ '&   t^tilr. ncTm-'
„„-! -,|,i. ri. ,.,!,»#.. ransider. and *lti*M»tt« woo »» or t«» prevent It. If you tin i ttr «lib h stone inch tetturr* ar* made .\ Wort-man, neve   Hotiotx  »«■!  ottu»rI
»our gotttrnment or another- dot** not s ,*o in Vo. io heading.    Tills Inform*- < of "i*« itttTilT thenee'aoiti" ib chains
•fleet you, or. rather, that every each »i„„ «a„ R^#n tn ^r, tfertolet. gen-'more or le«« lo the place of com.
n't/nre hmi!»» bt, *i<**tr t«ver«iw«*iii !«-1 oni mim»f|»»r,   Kirl A. Ifenry. chief •ww***"* -wwitelnlw* 10 acres mere
Jiirlw yon, by l««nl«»M> hrlnatng InUf ,h(. ivpflrtme.it of Mines of West or ,M" wis ham ^-h*i,
\n .iti i-arts ol |.re«.itre on jou ? Virginia;  IMsUlel Inspectors   h.   It.
| r*,.    #,■■> y-nf
i Aimtte-snt
t*nnv*M) iota. m*.
msssmassmtmrmmmmmmmamemm
7 '      ^'«t?4 f
33* 2*
HERE ISA SQUARE DEAL
nnd peaceful security aa well,
With a policy lu our old Hue
company, you can go off on your
vucHtlon or visit th« ends of the
uirth and you know you're secure.   Tlie beet In
PIRI IN8URANCI
ts always cheepe*. gnd eepecl-
ally ao when It doesn't coet
higher. Don't dc.ay about that
renewal or about thot extra Insurance you want but eome right
In at ance and bave It attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
•OH AOINT POR PIUNII
ALBX BBCX BLOCK, tt    *      rERMIB, B. C
■Wl
tlw
mt*m
**>:*&. rj.t.«iajc-i.tit-titift.,i
—*»  Tht  mmmmn
ot wmt yo'i nr*' doing*    Reflect.
j«h *!■* um-i-ii.i»! te-m »o«r imt*
ti' r*t
ie:*. yo-ararltef. . , .   Wt.tfM' [or em be ret»fned when mid"    rn-iiocat employes and a few belatet men'ItlittMlii Idt —fi||t I Wl*N!^
"~*~"'    ■    "" -■" ■' ■-'   " -m""'—*H
A»ly.J
ytmt   ihij   tw* 4"r*nebnwn.   »itt»#»«.|««->«r»tsrnf ih«i yo*ir lile can ih eo way fur tb* YHtvni'llermo Ot Mines, who.
•em the tx***r*. or tbe ItogHsh. or :\*)t%e**. F.niit*hm*B, Irishmen or llobem-jHe hettercd b« Alt*** tmwn'nn tier in,ni9im+,\ n nnene pntty and were 	
».fTTT,^,,     ,r   .9,.   Vlfrn*   mi  ib*  »?«**   *<»"    r,-,,***.-*,-^-^!** th-ir «U  tttir but***! ' i ■*'' r- ¥-*r.ir**   in-* trained rtr 1*t*lvx A   ..,,..,...   ,* ,   , •'.',-.•  ■>'"•  r'"-   • .* * Tn T»t.* ent tt ntvtt*    ■*   **
h|hi«. hm Tha' jour torn yo«ir ©n'f |fnterf«*t* *h»tever Ihey may bt»   .igri-jbefrg fre«» or emtexei   whoever hold* * -%ttkti4 mt,    Tb* abate »am«4 reerts- l*W«» »■•< kUcbtn  cbalrs.
!«ve»   a'- *m inwreelve*, w*» «»y f*»*r;« «!»«»«<. Ma*?*!-*!, rommerrlil. nttii ' tftem. yott *r* fr** to lit* •*•■*»» lttti:.*.ra hurried in Ihe mlnea IO Ibe tenth l*dgtr Ottlce.
iMtrh*)''.*!)*' itwliitatn the goveromenti| t'-e *-t urU-ntlfir ■ r* well as your plea.j -Ult. !f even yon ♦»• an Alssitbti. «n' beading, where I., tt. HallWay. R. a i~~~--••— ■ ■ ——»~.	
tli»   umtre*!* xtiu  md make »o« tin • or. * aid J-.»>», Itt i»<» way run counter\ Irishman or *a Pole.    r«4er»taiil» loo.,ro».v Ai*trt?t Inspeeior. •«* -fleorite     WIR    »A«4S   <"HKAI»—Twosome
b<H»,»v     Thf> beat-nndertehen t<» *,vo.\i» tb* li**r*.tn ot ottwr r>vople« or'tMt Hi sflrrlnt on fntrfotlem yon will  Workman, under tlie direction of Sir. I»ray; very little arggr*. suitable for]
Iwt ion from danger, end tbey b»t* .*tm.; i*-1 thai yo« are united, byjotsly mahe the rate *or«e. for tite nvb- * verr beaty work.     Ro« *•♦. Pernie. j
iift'UKiii mi i* j.-niii'iiii'iif .»'.«•• lion *,. -•»■* ••   in n**t*i   Kiiii*,'*.**'**!*,.   li»   liiiett'hsnge) U'< x mn in *b\*b >««r |hhij»-ii« ati- li»-|> .      ^ M   lit*. l
e v*\*t thai *m bnt* all beeow**- eat-!nf •er-rkee. *? tbe fry of wMe brother-jbe* resolte^ simply frmii Ibe itrwggle?"** «* P«Wotlsm and from tbe -MM-i _—_., ^ ._ „—y
0**r     --w. nntl m 9n> ill mmt*n *■ i% \ni*>tett*tr»*-. non hy the UHi-n-hsutr ♦ beiweMi patriotisms, and ever*  matti ■ •*»«'tt "'"  ■A*****--*-******** Uwk  .»  iMStid      ^m   KK*tf^.,nrmPotmitt   Hew*
-or »re i««i'*'t rwfwed more aad more.
»*i-{ .-• „•;> "t-r.-m-r*' teny »«il rtweM **
yen ih-4t ihe tigfcl-etretrbetl e*r4 wUl'utber Und*      ..«-.««..»   .*»-.    „.r,-»,..„,.       .„-. ,  . ,»«».-»* #«-, m*tM~**i. mtlen KmtiOJPnai ml ftttr.t
.«», »nd - horrible *l»«gbter of y« ...estioi. a* io nbo mamtges io *e!it  ftom yoar worn In only ponMU *ben,»»»« Jw Aommm to llfr^,«*« tmn^f^ "*T ?TS.? Mtn     \
•mi ,o*t ebtMros will rooiomom. AM>^U*-wet. ton. Arihuf or «'.«m tjm tnr* i*tr*elf* from ibe obaoiHO.*" *«** J* «'«•« ym to it mtl. ,*K    ApM. t^x ... Trnom. km.     J
Waldorf Hotel
Mn. S. Jennlon, Prop. L. A. Millt, Mittifer
EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
Mtttu A la Carte
i
«i
Special Rate Bo«rd and Room by the we«k or month
MEAL TICKETS $6.00
.VU,. l:    il.    *,!,....• 1.nk,«* ,-,■.»    tlul    .9    iMlilid
|i«?t   merely   ot  goerfs   bet   alio  of j fr.utloe "of psirtolltm la one »»ttam i«PJ* **» *** m**njm Wdly ejier *»M\ A,^r, ||r, >|jRtw, t^pir Oflko.      I
f -hmth'* -*f,** *##!iti*#, *m tbt folk of'pre*eke* a tonmvootlot ten-tit*** »•'."*' rMlf*1 ** iha' *itAm torn, tb*   -^^-r^^-<z^~r^--r^—^='-=^:j
rtvd-f.uiu! ihat MUntkm!' tootboflr mm ot the peopbw. irMrtif   fJIMWfCTI HMTTW^r of ttASTirtmi
rftit«r»t»itd   that   tbefaeolbt-r
EaroattA fill Atttt MtAtt
mA*       0*     **^^m9^iM9
aoc « oportxwn
KmorktM PIm lUtu
11 JO * ipwaidt
'\
liM»MW.&aCT '9 "":~rrr. '^.imtfflfflPy'XtO
I / -:
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBHIE, B.C., APRIL 10, 1915.
f AGE FTV*
Si
News  of The  District Camps
COAL CREEK NOTES
ii i
The festival of "Eastertide was spent
in the usual fashion. Special services
were held in all the churches up
here..       - *
John Moore left camp on Saturday
ou' route for tlie' old country, A
large number of his friends assembled
at the depot to give him a God-speed.
Josiab Knowles, of Coyote St., left
on Monday" for the beauties of Yorkshire.  Bon, voyage.
Joe Norman arrived back in camp
after a few mouths in the-Brazeau
•country. Coal Creek still looks good
to Joe!
.loo Worthington was unanimously
elected President of the Coal Creek
Club in pli^ce of W. McFegan, resigned.
Hie Ambulance Classes up here are
supplying a long felt want, as evidenced by the large -attendance. Those
desirous of joining are asked to give
in their names to the Secretary, John
Combe.
The annual Easter scholars' service
held In," the Methodist church was
voted a great affair, the "Carpusas"
and "Melbas" In embryo receiving
great appreciation for their various
efforts in the vocal world, while the
/elocutionary powers of some of them
was of the best standard. The Supt.
of thp school commented on same.
There was a large attendance at the
Easter service held In the Methodist
church on Sunday last. A quartette
was given by Messrs. Johnstone and
Luxmore and  Misses Newberry   and
Joyce, entitled,"He Li vet h."
We are pleased to report that Mrs.
Stoodley is feeling benefited from her
treatment by the eye specialist and is
now in Vancouver.
Don't fbrget the grand smoker to be
held at the Club on Saturday next,
April 10th for the benefit of the Coal
Creek Football Club. Admission 25c.
Commences at 7 o'clock. Opportunity
will be taken to present a token of appreciation to Wm. McFegan on his retirement as president of the club. A
strong . committee is busily engaged
preparing a good time.
All "Moose" are particularly requested to be on hand at the K. P. Hall
in Ferule on Monday, April 12th, when
officers will'be installed for the ensuing year.
Mr. and Jlrs. Win.,McFegan are leaving camp this week-end to pay a visit
to the Old Country. We Wish them
a safe voyage and good luck.
Alex, i.MoFegan pulled out Tuesday
for fields and pastures new.
Our two lady members of the teaching "staff have taken advantage of the
Easter vacation to visit In and around
Spokane.
.Mrs. D. Markland came home from
the hospital on Good Friday. Pleased
to report that she Is doing Well.
Dave Shanks shook the dust of Coal
Creek from his feet on Tuesday and
hiked for fields and pastures new.
What would have happened If the
three .'lMoose" had met a bear on the
track on Monday evening? (There
might have been an (h^Ow)!)
We await with anticipation the next
IHESEare times when
every dollar of British Colum-
bians is 'needed. iin   British
_* i
Columbia.
"\yhen you lmy foreign-made shoes i\, very largo
psreantago of the amount you pay leaves tlie
l.'rovinee permanently.
LECKIE SHOES
—the hint tlio marker, affords—is made in British
Columbia by British Columbians. When you
bay LEO K IK SHOES every penny of your dollar remains right hsre at home. Remember
That!
SOLO AT LEADING DEALERS
"Built for Wear, Style and Comfort"
Bread, Cheese & Beer
f.\ li'iinii-il I'liiiiiniKMiiiii wim n|i|»oiiiti'<l in Kiii-flniiil a
li vi ,it.iia ,i£ti tu ilitnniiiii- tin t|tir.%tiiiii lit lu
vvluit lii'iii'fit. If nny, ix derived from drinking beer.
Tin' H'|niil nl (lliu iimiiiiiHsiiin nuikcs iiilei'i'Slinii
Miidinir for lieer iliinlterw. Our frieiiiti-t the l«»etu-
„ tii)li>r likewise ini(flit du woll lo |itiiiiii>r oil -iiiih1 *'\-
\nx*in therefrom. The couiiiiiHsimH*!'* reported timl
«lien ii mini drinka jioorf lieer. lie ent* mid driiikn
ol tlie Kiiuie time, jintt an when he outs ii howl of
•miiij*. They pointed mtl the fuel tlint one inijrlit
more properly n\mU of "eMliiJir" Wer Own of "e»i-
I'ift" watcrim-loii, Tliey made tin* «t«t<"in«'iit thnt
metiNitred hy In enliirimelrii* value, it qitart of ffoud
U'< r i» iii'rtrl.i i^|im.ili nt l«# ,* «|ti.irt« r pmuid mf l»«*« i'.
And they ir*>» mi funny "It would In* diffii-ull to find
n ifiinl tit um'*' *'mi\iU' ami moiv nutritive than »
ftntti of hlvit-tl. « Weiltfo **t *Ai***m* mid h Im»M|«» **t
Leer."
Ott tht falntd and ehttst it yonr groetr'f, thtn
otaor • c«m pi #«nut Am.
move of the  Amateur  Dramatic Society.     But why was the meeting on
Tuesday so sparsely attended?
Coal Creek Church Notices
Presbyterian Church—Sunday, 2.30
P.m., Sunday school; 7.30 bright Gospel service, solos, etc.     Ail welcome
■-Methodist .Church—Sunday 2.;i0 p.m.,
Sunday school and Bible class: 7 p.m.
Prayer meeting; 7.30 service; subject,
"I-'i'oni Heaven to Earth." Hev. Jas.
Stoodley.
Tuesday evening nex^ the Ladies'
Aid will meet to transact the usual
monthly business. Special invitation
given to any lady who would care fo
join.    Commence at 7 o'clock.
COLEMAN LOCAL
The' congregation of the Catholic
Church held a social and dance ln
the Church Hall on Monday evening.
It proved u,decideil success In every
way and Is likely to be repeated soon.
A concert for the benefit of the
Utrls' Athletic Club was, held in "the
Rex Theatre on Monday evening, when
a company of local talent provided the
entertainment, There was also three
reels of pictures shown. The various
items were well received by the large
audience.
Thero was a poor attendance at the
entertainment given by the Eckhardts,
musicians and violinists, In the opera
house oh Wednesday evening. Considering the excellent program, they deserved a larger audience than was
present. ' ■ ■■' '
At the McGillivary Co.'s mines it is
expected that all the old hands will be
started within a week, while prospects
are no brighter looking at tlie International Co.'s mines at present.
A European war on a small scale occurred on ,Mnin Street on Tuesday
afternoon, knives, rocks, billiard cues
and balls being the weapons used.
Judging by the patching up Dr. Ross
had to do after, they seem to have
been effective. Six and a half dollars
was the penalty in two instances.
A public meeting was held in the
(■rand Union Hotel on Tuesday evening for the purpose of forming a Fishing Clu'b. It was moved that the na.me
cf tlie club be the Coleman Angling
Club. The following officebearers were
were sleeping. At first that good lady
thought the noises were caused by her
husband comiug in from work, but on
seeing the stranger, she threatened to
shoot him dead if he did noi leave instantly. Then jumping through the
window she ran for Harry, who arrived in time to see the burglars beating
it at a distance.
In uo case, however, did the burglars take anything but foodstuff, and
seeing that there are several starving
in the camp, and hunger is a sharp
thorn, the victims of the visits are
taking the matter philosophically..
About 7 o'clock on Saturday .even-
ing a   serious   stabbing  affray   took
place in Slavtown, the residential quarters of the foreign element at Beaver.
Apparently two brothers named Albert
Kobza and Tom  Kobza, found  themselves the proud possessors of a quart
bottle of whisky, and along with a few
of their countrymen   were   indulging
not wisely but well.     Soon, however,
Tom Kofoza, who   is   of   dlm-imitlve
statue, made a savage attack upon his
more powerful brother with a medium
size pocket knife and stabbing him in
the thigh, made a gash four Inches
long by two inches deep.     He lifext
plunged  the" weapon  into    the    left
breast of his victim, In the vicinity of
the   heart,   but   slightly  higher  than
that organ, leaving a wound two inches
i.eep; he then gave him another jab
over the top rib, finishing with a gash
In the throat, just missing the jugular
vein.     Albert appeared1 powerless to
defend  himself, and had any of the
plunges struck    a    vital organ  they
might have/proved fatal, as it was the
victim lost an enormous quantity of
blood before it was stopped.      Con-'
stable Wishart was quickly    on    the
scene and   arrested   the culprit,  and
John Loughran took charge of the patient,  while  Harry   Drew    went    for
Xtirso Terrio.      The nurse had a difficult tusk to perform, but she did her
work well and the patient was removed   to   Pincher  Creek   Hospital   next
morning, where Dr. Connor found it
necessary  to  put  :!0 stitches  in his
mangled body.    Tom was tried at Pincher Creek on Monday and remanded
for seven days.     Albert  Kobza  was
well respected, being of a quiet and
kindly disposltioii.
George Morley quit the mine this
week and is going back to thc land.
Sam Grosso is at present looking
for a better market for his labor power.
-Ben Hitchen left Coalhurst this
week for Nova Scotia.
Corporal T. Clapham and Trooper
Blakey were weekend visitors to Coalhurst from Cardston.
■Mr. and Mrs. James Lindsay left for
Bonnie Scotland last Saturday night.
A farewell gathering of friends assembled in the Dance Hall under the auspices of the Social Club on the eve
of their departure to bid the couple
bon voyage.
On March 29th there passed awaj,
after only a short illness, Sophia, wife
of John Gordon. Deceased was a member oi the English Church and the
Ladies' Aid, and will long be remembered by the community where she
lived by a wide circle of friends, by
all of whom she was held iii highest
esteem, She leaves to mourn a husband and family of five. Much sympathy is extended to the family in
Ihelr sad bereavement.
The funeral took place on Thursday, April 1st, from Saint Cypian's
Church, Lethbridge, and the remains
laid to rest in the South-side Anglican
Cemetery.
GEORGETOWN   NOTES
■P-P&-P-P + + P
<b
-riittCREST—
nwoiiTtc;in~iwir^Mres:r^nT"07~T3r^r
Whiteside; Hon, Vlce-Pres.: Mr. G.
Kellock, II, G. Goodeve, W. A. Davidson, It, W. Riddle, K. S. McKibbin,
II, C. McBurney, A. M. Morrison; President, -Mr. G. Clair; Vice-Pres., Mr.
J. McDickens; Hon. Sec.-Treas., A. J.
Joseph. The following committee were
elected to draw up by-laws: J. Russell, T. Merrlman, J. Hopkins, J.
Itoyce, D, Gillespie. T. Milley, .1,
Lonsbury, \V. Banks. The fee for
membership was fixed ut 2r»c< and the
Grand Union Hotel as headquarters
of the Club, Thirty members were
Enrolled.
A concert under the auspices of the
local Knights of Pythias was hold'In
Hie Opera House on Frlduy evening,
Uro, II, James presiding, The pro-
Brain was sustained by the following
ladles nnd gentlemen: .Misses Allan,
'.Malcolm, Graham and Mrs. Kelly;
Messr*. Ilaynom, Cox. Fnlrhurst,
llrlndley, l»a«ta, Smith; Mrs. J. Hud-
field, ncconipiiiilst. After the concert
refresh nienta were served, when the
floor wiih cleared nnd the lovers of i
the light fntitnstlc enjoying themselves * J'.' "" ''"
into.tlie small hour*. ",®' ,°i*'     nf
iMr.flm! .Mr*.    Robt,    Hogan,   nei    * ,um'ttr °J    ih
comminUMl  by their ho.,.  Hilly,    left \ ^'f <""* on the
on Fuiiilny evening for n two months'
The mine worked four days last
week.
A special meeting of this local was
held Friday and the dockage question
came before the meeting and the penalty clause proposed by the management was turned down.
The next item up for discussion was
lhe breaking of our agreement by some
of ihe miners here loading their coal
out of tlie chutes. It was agreed unanimously tlmt all miners, unless lip-
ing paid shift wages, would not load
any more coal cut of their chutes.
The new teamster here joined this
local about two months ago, but when
he heard that the ballot was in favor
of the new agreement, he visited thc
office and told the official there to
lako his name off the union list, explaining that there was no need for
him being in the union as there was
journalists are usual' enough to sat.s-
fy the the most exacting idiocy..    Bun
Chesterton has memoralijed his boilerplate.   He's not only patent inside.
He's patent out and in.   What has the
Prussian said in his heart?     Almost
everything that's evil.   And after he's
said  it,  what then?      The Prussian
must    be   destroyed.     It makes   me
think of a light opera in which one
man accuses another of about all the
sins   iu   the   list.      His  victim  tai<es
his medicine calmly.     When the denouncer   is   through,   tlie   denounced
man asks:   "Well—except for that I'm
all righi, ain't I?"   And this restored
the situation.   The Prussian's not all
riisht, uo way you take him.   Chesterton allows no excepts, lie never g-ts
through as long as a single except is
left,     The self-made man is said to
relieve God of an awful responsibility.
Chesterton   takes  an   awful  load  off
God's shoulders.   If he wasn't so final
it wouldn't matter.     But being so ultimate Is like putting a full stop after
something that hadn't yet got as far
as the first comma.     Chesterton bristles with  generalizations.      Generalizations are dangerous enough to a man
who knows  what to  do  with  them.
But to an intruder who can't handle
them, they're hital.    It's ■only the last
man  who's  equal  to generalizations.
Most of us find it advisably cautious
to not go too far beyond our fingers
and toes.     But Chesterton's fat belly
trips over the horizon.     So he gives
it  to  Prussian  Germans,  to  German
Prussians,   to   Germans   coming and
going, with equal vehemence. There's
nothing  bad   they're   not.     There's
nothing good they are.     They're diseased with all vanities, vacuities and
vandalism*.     They're diabolists, ant!-
chirsts, beasts, barbarians, linns, cowards and egotists.     Ills vocabularly of
judgment   would  excite the jealousy
or a Christian evangelist.      He never
lets up cursing till he's out of breath.
And  he starts cursing at once when
he gets liis breath again. Maybe you'd
like to hit the irail  with Chesterton.
If there's any man in Germany fit to
cope with Chesterton on his own field
trot him out.      I'd  like to see them
finish each  other.     Though   I   don't
know that it's necessary.   A man who
goes into tliis business finishes himself.     In fact, such a book is a finish.
That's where the man ends. He may
begin again. No man's ever all over
with himself for good. But for the
moment he lies dead, inert, self-destroyed. Here's an Englishman who
dares to cal! "the trick of self-praise
a. temperamental peculiarity" of the
Germans. What does he call the same
thing when he sees it plentiful currency in England? 1 know what I
call it when I see the eagle spread
its wings here. What can I say? I
can't, swear I've hear what Chester--
ton has wid in his heart. But r
have read what he has said In his
book.--iThe Conservator.
OTHER  FERNIE  ITEMS
Mrs. W. W. Brown and daughter,
with Mrs. M. A. Kastner, left on Thursday for the coast.
The ladies,Of the Loyal Trjo 01-.n
Lodge have announced th:u tjiey will
hold a ball on Monday evening, .May
3rd, in Victoria Hall.
H. Smith, of the Kernie Hotel atarr,
is spending a few days in High River,
Alta,
Lt.-Col. J. Mackay returned on Wednesday from a short trip to Montana
points.
The Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of
Lands, is expected to Fertile on Monday evening next, when he will tell the
"faithful" all about the election and
the gymnastic" stunts the Conservatives have been indulging in at the
Coast lately.
TO CORRESPONDENTS
We would respectffully call
attention to our out-of-town
correspondents that they mall
their communications so as
to reach us on Wednesday
morning, as the train service
having been cut down to ono
train daily, mail which heretofore has reached us early on
Thursday morniug, now is not
delivered before noon, and In
the event of being behind time
reaches us too late to appear
in the issue for which it is intended.
♦ ♦.
It is rumored that we are to have
one more day per week than we have
worked for some considerable time.
A surprise party visited Mr, and Mrs.
Brown ou Saturday night and had n
royal good time.
We are pleised to tee Billy "Graham
around again after his illness.
Some .'.property has clianged hands
oMuttv The house owned by Tony
CiiHsagrniiill has been sold to .11 in my
Calderwood, and, tl>ere Is to be a house
wanning soon.    .
■Mrs. t. Taylor lu building a nice
house adjoining and will move in soon.
A grand danco was given by the
Huelielors' Club lust woek and ■ the
Fernlo Orchestr.i mid sevortil Fernie
visitors were prosont, Dancing com-
iiiencoil nt it o'clock, and an eujeyiibli'
tlmo was spent. ■'
The late- General Manager left with
his family on Wednesday for their new
homo In the south. Quite a number
ol  IrlepilH were nt the depot to seo
Hilcrest people visited
th to take lit the
holiday In Oregon,
Frank Leary wan unfortunate In
having tho -point tnkon off one of
IiIh flimern while at work In the
So. 4 Msatn of the International Conl
Co.'-** m*n«ii, on Mon<lny morning,
A lecture on Prohibition Is billed-for
Huiii'ny at K p.m., In tlio Miners' Hall,
♦
COALHURST
not going to be a strike. A man who
would do such a low, mean, contemptible trick to sponge on our organization is a traitor to his own class, and
has reached pretty near the limit,
Most of oui ball chasers are fighting shy of the ball since they played
Canmore. What's the trouble, boys?
there's nothing to be scared of In Can-
more football. They didn't beat you
last time and we don't think tliey can
beat you next time.
The aristocrats of.tllis town are the
pioneers of golf lu this part of the
country. W'hat'H the matter with you
working plugs that you can't got out
anil indulge In the game, too, It's a fine
health-giving exercise and don't cost
much here.
Chief Inspector Stirling visited camp
last week.
Judging by the amount of beer that
came Into town pay day one would Imagine that Georgetown was trying to
comer all avnlltiible beer In the province,
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE	
Best  Accommodation   In  the   Pass.—
Up-to-Oate — Every    Convenience.- •
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES  AND  JENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
HAVtR MINIS
The mine officials are still busy
»l»;|i|»lii* »tor-KS. »t<»„ from lle^ver.
On Thursday of liut week three liorm-n
net* sent lit chaw of Al«x. Thomson
to Hi. Alberta. Kdmonton. In addition lo other store* ulilppnl from here,
*i« lorkprn «r» bin* ntnt from Hip wssh-
hoiimi in ('oathurtti.
Ust week neventl of iln* workmen'*
Ixmse* In lli# vlHnliy of tli* tnln* wor*
bartlort. About a o'clock on Friday
moruiiiK the house uf Hurry Itriiwu.
who with his wife snd family wore
-^•-•luting m fern tin** si Hlllcr-p*!, bnti
the window fore-ml in snd :i ((iiantlt*
nl food stulf stolen,     All boiea, cup
IW-iwIb     fitt*       t**l**.ft   «ii*int!f.<(    It.    .,      • .it-
| ittMmnt in find -rh-» e*»h   «**MM-i w«t|
nm th«»r#, bnt with tfti» *xcpp'|wi of|
eslaMe*. no potion «<«r*t taken. j
The "barh" oppmiiIimI by liave Thom>
son was next visited and the door fore-
'•rl   ,.>w.n     *„**    t,.,    r».,.ll *  ,.,    ,1. '
Mr, Xoriiiiin Pitcher, Keiiernl iiciiih-
ser, wan In (*rtii!lmr«t « eouple of d'iy«
In at week,
A mrt'ttiiir of llieToatlmm Foot'iiall
Club wai* held In the Pacific Hotel laat
Hiititrdty night to reoritanlse for the
ciimhm year, mul a practice match was
arranged for Baater Monday which
brouslil out a little new talent and
|!i'0H|i«cia look bright for a dishina
team thin sen son,
Jleorie Olthask! ha* closed hi* *ro*r
ery more In Coalhurst and Intends to
<.n firiiilfitt in tli* future
I  II. WaKon has sold out his Kipp
»|K||*    it 11,1    lil»»t    Offl(«    !«   ill*    Full*!'
liit-lhi'm and will pay all his ttCintUiti
io th* *lor-i' Ui -I'imUiui"I.
Be Good to Yourself—
Ask For It
<	
MUTZ FERNIE
/
tmmtxmm
prletor was only slee-plltf, 'b* burglar*
beat a hasty nrtreal.
Th«> home of Harry |»r»w waa then
honored by a rlalt from lhe ehleres,
bin as Harry was on nl-sbt duty, and
worklne In tbe boiler bonne, the door
nn* mleektri. »)»i»t» made entrance
ea** Anrtafentlv on* r*t tbe t**t*
watrtied the mtrvMnents of Hun)
while tke other searched for tbe to*
vetHt oootn ia ttm Mir ben. pantry.
«tc bat not finding tbt cash bon tbere
bn featured to amatxb tke bnttmm
where Mra.  Drew and tbe children
SLOW POISONING
bocptuo tho ontiro tyttom
bocomon porntoattd with
Injurious acid*.
To relieve rheumatism Scot ft
Bmolnton h n double help; it ia
rkh in blood'CwhI; H imparts
Mi-tngili to tlie ftiiKtiofi* .mil supplies the very olhfood that rheu-
malic ion-tit* .on* always nmi,
Scott't Rmolntoo hat
helped co-untie sa tbomaixU
when other icm-wlie* failcil.
itii
THE   PRU83.AN   HATH
SAID IN  HIS HEART j
I've read (Joi'll (-hest«>rton from stfirt j
to finish, I don't know any more llni'i, I i
did about what the Prussian bus x.ild ■
In his heart.     Hut I do know niiirc ;
about what Chesterton   haa  «;ild   in
hib heart,    Hhaw culled it the rutin ,
of nil books,     Shaw object* to iv> *
madneas,    I object to its sanity,    in j
w|ilte of RratiiltoiiKly lugging In Fri'd- j
i'i'1* V   Mi*  f"r*'ii   i.ii-1   llrlphiun   V'.r'iy '
.tin! other un'i'i'.U'd iciicvera this l>. ,i\
ni'y iituiil honl*,     It i.fiii)tlH Hue m-'
iikuiI news!i:i,iir*     Or like the u.-ulj
pro'tfidor.    Or ■!.;« t\e usual po it.    It j
noiinrtu IIIjc th* uaual VV*lln, Mip usual ;
D.yli, the um il llopi; the usual a (v. {
body.   It xon in** Ilk* the usual I Intuit j
mnnn,   the   usual   Maeterlinck   th* -
usual HiTvc. the usual   somobodt**, j
nobodies and cverylioillea of the *crlb-;
* tiling class.   Did you notice how ii-mihI ;
everybody, almost everybody. b*cam*'
) when ihe war broke out?   How all
•In* mister*,   leaders,   sti|iorlor»,  fell
J over In their haste to be usual?   Did
'you nolle* how all the phllos-iphlr*,
j, tiltitrei,    humanities,    Inierii.iiSoii iii
I tic**1.   utmlOKizcd,   i'.iled.   whriiiik  .uul
j vanished?     The two Cliesterluns In
j -mrttetilar  have struggled  wish * ti h
I other for Hi* hell    When -meitliteHtv
| meets mediocrity then eom** th* tut
ot petMt*.     Mo I nay I ilon I ul»)eei lu
tbe Chesterton book  Ueem «e It's so
cr«X), bat bectus**.: W* *u i*'i*»uu.ib...
l'.» ao like every.other book,    It'-* io
Ilk* *v*rv fllhei  *v|»l«iii»(i'iii   «-si»i:.-.-.
Hon   exegesi*. of tn* lit ••'in   ml '>.
It aays the same Ihln.'* !n il»io.it •««•
*,ip*  way   slih  nhoui   the  sirrv  r-
fitiil.      lid rhiipterw  nre  like  bin  ««r
imw spjju-r turned Ini* » bitok.     *i ml
»i   the   imnderoits   ediiorl.il*   of  .tn
Ki'ltti.-'h   -l.il!>    .uv    Uii."    Ht.' r,
c!iti|'t*rs turned Into n nen*ir.**t,**,:
NV*, I tlun'i *<t*u; ...-a i*, i.»;-.*>«. t;..,
tank's distinguish*!! .don* lur <>< -
usual. I doo'i douM bill l?i.it *i<t
mnny ,irtrt Ifustlfi siitd Fmri* i'*'
ef|nally ttuhjeet tn ibe lnfinli!e# of ih.»
vasal rU**. I iion't ftwij h, hhtX. o' t-
die A tal- r' ,> ry. u. 'ut ,,..t,y„.    o...
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will fui-nJab your House from cellar to garret and at hot-
lorn iiricos. Call, write, phone or wire. All orders gl**n
l-ionipt attention. •
If  you  nr* satisfied, tell others    If not satisfied, tell us.
Coleman
Alberta
!5*
F. M. THOMPSON
Company • »Th« Quality Storo"
Groceries, Dry Goods,  Crockery and Everything in Shoes
\VV !ih\i< jit,»l  |ttal  iiiln m«m;K h M|iltMii|iil
IISMIllllll'lll     «>t
Prints, Ginghams, Plain &
Fancy Crepes
PfMO««   MOM   1»c.   P«R   YAUD
Tliivw arc nil trlii»ifi» «iiihIh unit tln» iichi'M  (Itmi^nit
Wi^HiiKK^Mt you ptitvluiM* tltiwjjoiMh nnwuliiMt 'Jits
It^ni'ttlH'Ilt iHiMMIlJilctl'
Don't forget this is headquarters for the best
in shoes. Sole agents for; Invictus, Regal and
K make fine shoes. See our specials in boys
strong, neat school shoes.
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
Tho Storo That SAVIS You Monoy Page SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE,   B.O., APRIL 10, 1015.
/
I* *
A   General   Assault
Against Full Crew Law
The Pennsylvania, Baltimore and
Ohio, Philadelphia and Reading, Lehigh Valley, Brie, Lackawanna, New
York Central, Delaware and Hudson,
Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburg, and
some other lines of not so great importance, have joine dtheir influence
in a general demand for the repeal
of the Full Crew Laws that were
passed in Indiana, Pennsylvania,
■Maryland, Xew Jersey and New York,
Railroad companies have used every
effort possible to influence their men
not engaged in transportation service
to petition the Legislatures of their
several States to repeal this law. One
of the railroads in particular has
adopted methods that are wholly
coercive In practice, although the
company maintains the men voluntarily sign the petitions. Stories have
come to us of the measures used by
subordinate officials to persuade the
men to sign the protest against the
continuance of the Full Crew Law.
•Statements are made to the effect
•that, if the law remains, wages and
working forces will be reduced, equipment will not be bought, safety devices itended purely for the protection of the passenger will not -be'installed and that contemplated improvements will have to °be abandoned. !
This is a combination of reasons
that usually will appeal to the man
who takes what he reads without analyzing its truth or purpose. The
members of the Legislature of the
States directly interested should not
overlook the fact that petitions com--,
Ing from employes are usually obtained under duress: that the man
who signs a petition does so for the
most part in the belief that if he
does not sign he will either lose his
job or be embarassed in some way
or another.
In this latest proclamation to the
public, the railway companies have
followed one of the most appealing
and deceptive programs that could
have been devised. We herewith
<luote briefly from the latest statements given out 'by the representative's of the roads who have taken
it on themselves to defeat the law:
"After consideration, and acting to
promote the larger Interests and the
greater good of the public, the = cor-
_^oraUon#^JtheJ^-smployssi-and-^el?-
security holders, the managements of
thirteen railroad companies in Pennsylvania and New Jersey have determined to submit an Important matter
to the public,
"Briefly stated, they Intend to present. th<» question of the repeal of the
Ful! Crew Laws to the public, this
bolng h problem In the proper solu-
•Ion i,r fc'ilc!: the p\ib:tc Is vitally in
terested and should lt\e the ri:jh„ U
determine upon its mtrits.
"These railroad companies seek to
enlist the support of the peopie of
the States of Pennsylvania and Xew
Jersey for repeal by the legislatures
of the Full Crew Laws. Their conscientious judgment is that these acts
work an injustice and accomplish no
good.
"In iio sense do the railroads war
upon their trainmen. The Full Crew
Law, which compels employment on
thousands of passenger .nd freight
trains of extra men whose services
arc not required, forces waste—not
less than $1,500,000 a year in Pennsylvania alone. It means in all such
cases employment without service.
"That Is a defiance of economic
law. It makes a proposition which
organized labor hurts itself upholding.
It throws an improper cost upon the
railroads, This ultimately rests upon
the public us a burden and makes a
charge which transportation service i the railroads,
should not be called i|pon to bear because It is productive of nothing good,
neither in improved service nor in
increased operating safety. On the
contrary, it makes it impossible .for
the railroads to do many things for
the public which the money now so
wasted* could be expended for.
"'Let us add that if there shall be
evidence that without such laws the
railroads would underman trains to
the hardship of employes or the detriment or danger of the public; that
^assuming the present public service
acts do not give to the commissions
ample powers to determine what crews
are .necessary on different trains and
to compel the railroads to man trains
as ordered, wc will openly support
amendments to the present acts as
may be necessary to give such assurance."
The railroad companies pretend j
that they are endeavoring to promote
the good of the public. This Is a
new thought on the part of the rail
road companies who heretofore have
been promoting everything except the
greater good of the public. There is
not any question as to their effort to
assist the security holders; that statement may go to the public without
further   explanation.     The   railroad
no sense do the railroads war upon
their trainmen." Jf the railroad companies were let alone there would not
be organizations of trainmen twenty-
four hours after they found out they
could put them out of existence. -This
is not said In a spirit of prejudice; it
is simply the expression of what is
believed to be a fact.
"Employment without service" Ib
another catch pbraso of the railroad
companies to take advantage of their
men and the lack of understanding
on the part of the public of service
requirements. If the public knew
under what conditions freight trains
are sometimes operated, the dangers
that attach to all passenger traffic because of insufficient manning and protection of trains, tbere would not ibe
much headway made by the railways
In their opposition to the demand of
their men that a sufficient number
of men to insure safety be employed.
"It throws an Improper cost upon
says the roads. We
can'go back to 1893 when the railway organizations were insisting on
the adoption of safety devices and
find the same argument. Then the
railroads were going to be put out of
business If this "confiscatory legislation" were passed. The millions upon
millions of dollars that were needlessly to be spent in providing automatic
appliances were held up to the public
as a great object lesson against the
enactment of the la\y, Tlie law was
enacted and today the railway companies are getting the benefit from it
in longer and heavier trains, while
the main purpose for which the law
was enacted, that is, the safety of the
railway employes, has not been
served. To state the case more briefly
is to say that the decrease in the
casualty rate is iiifinitesimally small
as compared with the increase In the
tonnage rate. It is an exemplification of good intent gone wrong and
wholly wide of its purpose, and if the
public only could realize that the law
that was Intended to safeguard tho
lives and limbs of railway employes
has been annulled through the addition of extra cars and heavier equipment, it would not, be so ready to accept  the  statement    of    the  advan-
law it was represented to the publioj
as meaning the financial ruin of the
railway companies. JA twenty-five car
train was then about the heaviest average train hauled" in this country.
Today the average train haul will run
closer to seventy-five ears, and the
increased hazard due to the handling
of longer trains, Jaxgef cars and heavier engines has offset for the most
part the safety that should have come
to the men through the adoption of
automatic appliances.
"It even required a legislative en-
actment to place a little block of wood
in switch frogs to prevent employes'
feet from (becoming fastened In them.
Safety appliances result In more
economical railroad operation, not
only saving lives, but enabling the
railroads to operate ^more economi-
cally.
Twenty-five years ago trains were
short,, about twenty-five cars on an
average. Now monster locomotives
haul trains; up to one hundred cars,
or more at double the speed. These
long trains have the same size crew
as the short ones did twenty years
ago.
In addition to the long train haul
made possible by the use of the heavier engine, the practice of using more
than one engine on a train has Increased the hazard of the train service
employes. There are roads that are
using as many as five engines to one
train on the main line, and no one but
the employes who handle these trains
understand the difficulty and hazards
attendant to taking care of them. . The
railroad companies point to the''fact
that hazard has not- increased; if they
will be fair and compare the number
of cars hauled twenty-five years ago
with the number of cars hauled today,
and will compare the. numiber of casualties then with the casualties of today, they cannot show that hazard has
been decreased to an extent worth
talking about. It was the intent of the
safety appliance law to protect the
lives and limbs of railroad employes
and not to increase the ton haul at
the continued sacrifice of the men.
There are many reasons why an additional man is needed on all trains.
Under railroad regulations the two
brakemen on top of the train must be
sent out ahead and to the rear of the
train., when it Is stopped between stations, to flag. This leaves only the
conductor to make repairs, such as
pulled-out drawhead, broken rods,
etc. This means a train Is delayed
unnecessarily, tying up other traffic.
But the big reason why another
man Is needed on top of the long
trains is that it will enable more thorough Inspection of the train while It
By Charles Sehl
tages of safety appliances to the men
companies ask for the conscientious 1 It is true tliere ls an advantage; for IT*" T^1'"" "l T ,T V" "* u
J   things    as   dragging   brake   beams,
4u
Cre'W Law. If the/ will be equally
consistent and at the same time ask
for the conscientious judgment on the
financial operation of the railways'Interested In defeating the Full Crew
Law, we will be perfectly willing to
have both questions considered together.
another telling appeal to the public
has beeii made In the statement, "In
or'every*
thousand of our members, beforo the
adoption of safety appliances and now,
lose fourteen out of every thousand
with the use of safety appliances,
heaven only knows how many men
we would lose out of a thousand It
we had no safety appliances and hauled the freight trains as they are run
today.
Before we had the safety appliance
Since the Federal Industrial Relations Committee has been at work the
Idea that the differences between Capita', and Labor can largely be overcome
by living the employers of labor adopt
the "Profit Sharing Plan" has reached
its height. Not alone by those good
people who are members of "Welfare
Organizations," but by men like Daniel Gugghenhelm of the American
Smelting and Refining Company, nnd
Geo. W. Perkins of the International
Harvester Company*.
Why such otherwise practical men
should expect "intelligent working people to follow them into such a dream
is difficult for one to understand.
There are, of course, many details
in their scheme, .but the principal ones
are these: If you make the employe
sort of feel that be Is a stock holder
in the company he will be more faithful, since liis sLare ot the profit will
bo determined by the gross profits ot
the company.
Their snare cf the profits will also
be regulated according to the !eig*h
of service. Like real stock holders,
they will be called Into the meetings
with thc directors and told all about
the troubles and trials of their eom-
panj-. °
At these meetings the workers will
be told that while the interests of Lab-
bor and Capital may not be Identical
at the point of distribution, they are at
least Identical in, the sphere of production; because some labor leaders have
said so, and consequently the more Interest you take In your work the better It will be for "our company."
Labor organizations are all right,
they say, and we need them, but by allowing the worker, to "have a voice
and a share of the profits" the class
war will ibe converted to a pink tea.
If the bankers and captains of industries of the United States would
allow themselves to be such Utopians
in the Management of their great enterprises as they are on this question
of ' Profit Sharing," Germany would
have had all "our foreign markets"
long ago.
Let us not forget that Capitalism is
international and that the struggle
between Labor and Capital Is consequently an international problem and
not peculiar to any group of Industries
In this or any other country.
constantly causing them to be more
discontented, how foolish it is to expect that the producers of the world's
wealth will ever be satisfied until they
become the sole owners of the product of their labor.
Schemes will come and schemes will
go;.ibut the class-struggle will stay
until the' people own and operate the
principal, means of wealth production.
CAPITAL  AND   LABOR
*5»
\V>
>W
***\y
#/'■ A#/ For Prevention
By Natural Means
NEARLY all forms of ditetie are traceable
to sanitary ignorance and an imperfect
action of the liver.
Eating between meali ii a frequent cauie of indigestion and intestinal disorders, because introducing
a fresh mass of food into the miss already partly dissolved
arrests the healthy action of the itomach and causes the food
first received to lie until incipient fermentation tatces place.
The liver, unlike the stomach, is constantly secreting, and when
too much carbonaceous food has been taken, the bile becomes
too thick and consequently unable to perform its office. Every
intelligent person, who appreciates the inestimable value of
good healtfi, should read the "Rules of Life" set fejth in tht
booklet enclosed in ever)' package of
ENO'S "FRUIT SALT
By strict adherence le thtm rules, tven *©•• of impaired tooAJto-
tiee have beea madt lteelthy snd co-nparativtJy robwt. Eae's "Prat
Ssk" is a hatllK-ftvini. cooling and invigorating beverage, which thould
he kq* in every houwhoM m rttdmtn m ott emergency. 'Where it has
htm taken m the earlient stage* of diseaie, it has ia motf iertnecei
.prevented what would otherwise havo bin a serious ilka*
Order a bolife TO-DAY ttm rom (hater.
PttbBtti Oflfj) ty
J. C ENO. UmiUd, "Fruit Salt* Work*
London, England
Attests tar <2w»4at Harold f, RttdfeftC*,UMtotf,
H 10 McCari St, Toronto. /
as dragging brake
■broken rods, loose car doors, defective
couplers, etc, any of which, if not
noticed in time, is liable to cause
wrecks, resulting In the destruction of
property, loss or life and delayed
traffic. Another man is needed In order lo enable the rear of the train to
transmit signals to the engine. When
a train Is more than forty cars tn
length, lt Is impossible to signal from
the engine to the caboose, especially
In giilng around a curve or in stormy
weather.
We would Hke to ask the public to
consider how many improvements
have been made In the way of adoption of safety appliances, elevation of
tracks above grade, how often wages
havo been raised without either law
or tbe combined insistence of tbe
employes.
The publlo reads with horror the
story of tte war In Europe; It de.
mands thst tn future all wars cease
-because of the terrible slaughter. Tbe
(Brotherhood, of Railroad -Trainmen
has a membership of approximately
133,000. It is no Idle gu»M to say
tbat in tbo part year Mily IS por cent
df these men have bean without employment end 36 per cant of tba remainder bave been working on pan
time, and yet the organisation oomes
to the end of the year with o reeorjl
of 1,100 claims' paid for total dliabll-
Uy or dealh. We positively know Out
two-thirds of the claims wore nald
because of acoldants not death directly
arising ont of tbe service, and It li
safe to say that twoHblrda of tht re-
nalnder bad tbelr origin In exposure or Injury sustained while In M\*
road service. If there ie a bettie between large armies on the comment
that reports a eatetlty record of
3,000 for half a million wen engaged,
the world demands that alt web oa-
necessary slaughter cease. Caa It be
blind to the economic effect, nil other
considerations set aside for the mo-
meat, to the total vage earning losses
tb»t must ensue because of t*wm
hundreds of men who aft ktfed or to-
tally disabled in the pecfomsaw of
tbelr dity?
ttor mny have Its eseseet. hat the
peaceful pursuit ot an oeenpeMoi thai
hss for Its ultimate object Uie maintenance of a standard of living, lhat
every clU«en ot this eoentry accepts
Suppose the profit sharing plan were
adopted in a few large corporations, I
say a few because I don't suppose
any one will imagine that tt could be
adopted all over any one country at
the same time, and suppose that the
faithfulness of the employes ot a given
Industry enabled "their company" to
best their competitors, what would be
the effect.
Some Industries v.ould go to tbe wall
and their employes would be out of a
job. With the Increased efflcleuey ot
the workers In the successful company,
It would mean that only a part of
those workers of the defeated Indus,
tries could find work. And only those
wbo were in a position to move to tho
town where the work bad gone.
No matter what kind of a scheme is
adopted. It will certainly not creato
new markets or Increase tbe demand
of Uie consumers to such an extent
that It will prevent aa Increase In the
army or unemployed.
Unless the workers receive an Increase In wages to equal tbelr tncreas.
eo efficiency their production will be
ao much more greater than their power
of consumption and consequently more
"over protection," Looking at this
question from an International view*
point, it Is easy to understand why tb*
interests of Labor and Capital aiu not
Identical, even ia the sphere ot produc*
tion. aa some labor leaden Imagine tt
la.
So many epprentlees to so many
Journeymen, no Taylor 8yetea, no
piece work snd no bonus system are
the demands of Labor wbleb widen the
gulf between Ibe Identity of Interests
at the point of prodectloa.
Aside f nm whatever ear deductions
may bo after we have aaallaod the
"Profit fhartat System" there le ono
hlatoHcai fact that we eaaeot lose
Sight ef. ead that w that ae Maanlaa*
Uon ef asea ever newel eoehfl evnta*
tion hy aay aeketae ef regalatlon.
ProoMeat Wlleea Is being rtdlealed
hoeaase he claims that Capitalism
woald he all right if oaly the men on
the Inside ef tbe gesso eoald he ra-iJe
te tley fair. AM ee there are etbett
wha Imagine ttot the ezpMUtto* of
La-hot weald be a peaceful game. If
only the exploited worker was glv«m
a toice In the toaaacement ef his es*
piotUtida atut a share la Uie pcntlt,
tt we want te aave time hi th* die-
. -un **h m* mmi*ttmtmo of Ute qwetira, let en Itretl||
ft'.*'.       iLllfl        51 iU        .IU..'. „....!...„ J.  ~.J -.9- Mm.  9. 1' UHHUki '
ewr had a tailing yet" to the futt
fSom.
From the very der thet one man
fut compelled to work for nnoibtr
seen m ereee to uve, a foemt eteff*
ed is to Jest hew svmb fhe wotbtr
w«* 11 receive ef the protect of tr*
labor tor tbe pera»ss;w te work.
this quarrel bee son* ea until the
preaent time, differing only to 'om
not if#tm»,
Aa the workera came te eaderstaad
tbm they were being exploited, tbey
Mr. p. Sanderson Furnlss, in the;
Economic Review, discusses "Copartnership and I/ibor Unrest" with great
fairness.
-Mr, Furniss does not beg the question, but straightway admits that:—
"The.root cause iu to be found in the
fact that a section of the working
classes—still a small section, but consisting of the better educated men and
those who think—are convinced/llke
the advocates of co-partnership themselves, tliat there Is something radically wrong with the system under
which Industry Is today carried on.
The great mass of the working classes
are no doubt still quite apathetic with
regard to social questions in general,
and even to such as Immediately affect
themselves. But the men who think
are not going to be contented with a
system which cannot, except in very
exceptional, cases, give'to a working
man more than £100 a year, no matter how hard he works, nor with what
abilities he is endowed—a system
which gives him little leisure and few
of the -means ot enjoying life. Labor
unrest will not cease until our industrial system is modified in such a way
us to give the working classes a larger share of our Increased wealth and
of the good things of life than they
.have been obtaining. It is not merely
a question of wages, but a question of
life; not merely of wealth, but of well-
being." *
This is well said, but the cure is yet
far to seek, and co-partnership ;an
only succeed under conditions whk.li
do not as yet subsist. This the writer recognizes when he states the ca&e
of the trade-unionist:
"It is also essential that they should
be able to come out on strike In support of fellow-workers employed by
firms where conditional are bad. Now,
it is very difficult, if not Impossible,
for the workers In a profit-sharing ln-
dustry tn rin anv of _thegA_Uilnj;g,—A
strike   which   Involves    stoppage   of
bul i2,000 LETTERS!
Zain-Bak Unanimously
Endorsed.
A prominent»Woman's Journal re>
eeut'y askt-d its lady readers to giv*
an opinion, based on personal experience, of several .widely-known Canadian products. The publishers recently wrote the proprietors of Zam-Buk
tb the' following effect,—"In connection with' our competition, we have
received in the neighborhood of 12,000
letters. We do not know of one in*
stance where the' proportion of satisfied users of any product waa so great
as proved to be the case in regard to
Zam-Buk." ' ',.
Herein.lies the woof of the, superiority ot Ziuh-tiuk—-the proof of experience! No a&ount ot advtttHlng, no
'mere assertion on -Our \-part could
create such unbounded confidence ln
Zanv&uk an,, ttyme Canadian housewives have expressed. Only the plain,
straightforward test ef -Zam-Buk ln the
home conld do this.
Zam-Buk Is entirely different to all
other ointments. Most ointments contain coarse animal fats, tn some cases
these fats clog up the pores of the
skin and retard its action. Zani-Buk
ls purely herbal.
Many ointments have no antiseptic
properties, cannot ease the pain, and
in faot cause pain when used. Zam-
Buk, on the other hand, ls antiseptic.
As soon as applied to a wound or sore
it kills the germs, thus banishing all
risk of blood poison, and ends pain.
Zam-Buk, unlike many ointments,
contains no poisonous coloring matter,
no harsh minerals.
Zam-Buk ls superior to all other
ointments, because it is purely herbal,
nnd Ib healing, soothing, and antiseptic.
It you suffer from auy skin disease,
injury, or chronic sore, remember the
12,000 letters from housewives who
have proved Zam-Buk. Do not waste
time and money experimenting with
Inferior remedies,—try Zam-Buk first'
All druggists and stores sell.Zam-
Buk, or Zam-Buk Co,, Toronto, will
send you a' free trial box on receipt
of this article, name of paper, ahd lc
gtamp to pay return postage.
which any set of producers, including
under that term those who lend the
agents of production, as well as those
who actually take part In production,
cau obtain, is the total product, minus
the minimum necessary to Induce other sets, of producers to take part In
the industry.     Tlie most, therefore,
that the workers can obtain ln wages
is the total product minus the mini-.
mum wlijch is necessary   to   Induce
capitalists, landowners, etc., to UUe
part iu that'industry.     More than this
thoy    cannot    obtain    through    any
scheme of profit-sharing, unless, they
obtain it through the phllanthrophy of
capitalists and landowners.—Review of
Reviews.
work would mean loss of profits and
to leave the firm might mean loss ot
capital, for shares would often be
difficult to dispose of, and might have
to be sold at a loss. The sense ot
solidarity amongst the workers will
be weakened, and loyalty to fellow-
workers."
t *
Mr.  FurnlBB  gives  the  scientific
basis of the co-partnership ideal:
"EJdonomlc  theory, however, doss
seem to ahow that the largest share
A MISTAKEN IDEA
There arc some people who still resort
to drugged pills or alcoholic syrups to
overcome colds, nervousness or general
debility, aud who know tliat the pure,
unadulterated «ourfoluneut*4» * Scott's
Emulsion is eminently better, but refrain
from taking it Ix-cause they fear it may
lead to excessive fat or obesity.
This is a mistaken idea, because Scott's
Emulsion first strengthens the body before
making flesh. Its blood-forming properties aid nature to throw off sickness by
bulldluif health from its very sotiixv, and
flesh Ih formed only by its continued use.
Avoid alcoholic substitutes for SCOTT'S.
I
D
oo
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence tiie necessity of a
good printer.
\
00
,-■■*' -*,"•»  **9l9.nm   tttt'
!'*1titijMf*r nf I'Tnjilf.juv, nni 11 ?v .w<. »ruleia-iaod   mm   Lmimr
enly unfair hut the aethods c»»W
hy the ralOread <*mpenlee to heeleaj
lend belittle the Important  ttmt  nt
aavieg Kfe end limb stoop to dritb.
1lt99*r,   J*r* r.r r H . .. ,.        , , t ,     . ,
"•»■..»*..*■«•.'     >■>   **,.mt. av*   ***m4m
that the members of the railway cr-
gamtatloM, at least, will net he late*
til-h to the Importance'of *hi« proposed attempt agalnat e Nw that wai
(teased after the rsllroed companies
•bsolntely refused to ftooo a eetlMeel
number of a»ea on their freight etd
passenger trnfite reesonaMy to Insure __ _^     m
the safety el Ibe tTuveHeg pvb-tlc end 1 ieesiaded wr* 'aad   Mie  ef
thHr employes.-Railroad Trntaman.| wmnn they ptedeeoi.
Shiloh
tamtja  f "wl>   m  CrrsM
-■* **m tt mm
i weir racrenesH wnseavmi nm ron-
eognsatty a fewer*! ieetfe Her the bet-
ttr thtMt* ef llfe hae -twaaed Iheen to
| bm nn fnttftftmt <tf»rotf«fMf fot  Aft<f
with their. hHieeeee aetiral -wetreee
If you want really high
class printing the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
i
!   I
H* District Ledger
••QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone48a   :•:    Fernie, B.C.
ot THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., APRIL 10, 1915.
SPRING!
We
have a fine
ection of—.'
sei-
Baby-Buggies
Sulkies
And Go-Carts
at reasonable prices
Buggy
Tyred
Wheels Re-
on Shortest
Notice
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware  and  Furniture
•Phone 37
FERNIE
B. C.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macnell
8. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building
Pernie, B, C.
Fj- C. Lawe.
Alex. I, Fisher
lawe a Wisher
attorneys
Fernie, B. C.
i*
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge Saus- I
ages
fast.
Tor tomorrow's Break-"
OP*X OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56 Wood Street
fernie; B. C.
We Are Ready to Scratch
>r; you' bill any Item of lumber not
ound just aB we represented. There
s no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you caul spruce we do not
.cud you hemlock.     Wben you buy
'nut-class lumber we don't slip ln •
And a Labor War
Ignorance is a cure for nothing.
That saying of one of the most useti.il
of American educational leaders applies with a special force to the serious
industrial (juestions of our time, and
in particular to such a situation as
exists in Paterson, Xew Jersey. * Xo
more serious error can be made than
that of refusing to understand that
which one dislikes or opposes simply
because of the dislike and opposition.
However contrary to the spirit of the
American people such a movement as
that represented by the Industrial
Workers of the World may be, however heartily the American people
may wish to oppose it and frustrate it,
the American people ought to understand it. Even should it be granted
that this movement is an enemy of the
people, its methods, Its purposes, its
spirit, should be understood. Whether we regard It as a democratic uprising on behalf of liberty and justice, or
as a sinister menace not only to property but also to the welfare of all
individuals, rich and poor alike, we
should welcome a knowledge of the
facts concerning it, and of the feelings
and ideas of those who are taking part
In it. Mr. Mason's account of the conditions at Paterson which appear elsewhere in this Issue will, we believe,
help to explain that strike and Its accessories. Those who will read -this
piece of special correspondence from
Paterson w:ill, we think, realize that
strike, like the strike at Lawrence,
-Massachusetts, is not an isolated Industrial disturbance that concerns
only, or even chiefly, the local mill-
owners and employees, but is a sign
and symptom of a new force that is
showing itself in this country as It
has shown itself In other lands.
This force is tne force of ah idea,
not to say an Ideal. It has some of
the characteristics of a religion, Like
most If not all great religions, it makes its first and intensest appeal to
the lowliest and hunvblest members
of Society; it has a vision of what Is
going to happen some day to demon-
tlmt ihis struggle should be carried
on by means of legislation as wall a&
by strikes and the like; while '.he Syndicalist says it is wor-je than useless
tj resort to legislation, for the State
itself is capitalistic; that there is.
therefore, no other means uiat is legitimate except that of direct accio-1. So
\\liile the political Socialist is building
up his party and trying to seci-re more
votes for Socialist candid iter** ihe Syndicalist is busy among the wirkers,
teaching them how to strike most effectively, how to use their weakness
mid their poverty against the strength
und the wealth of tlieir employers. In
the mind of the Syndicalist every
strike is justifiable, for so long as
there are such beings as employers
every employee has a grievance.
Here comes a sharp distinction between the Syndicalist and what we
Americans know as trades-unionists.
•The ordinary trades union man recognizes the existence of the wages system. What he wants from his employer is a fair day's wage for a fair
day's work, proper conditions under
which to work, compensation for accidents incurred in the course of his
duties, and reasonable certainty of employment. When the trades-unionist
strikes, he strikes for the purpose elthor of securing some such specific advantages as these, or for the purpose
of forcing' the employer to recognize
the union that is formed for the purpose of securing such advantages. The
Syndicalist has a very different view.
Of course he wants to get all the advantages that he can, but these am
nl! incidental to his steady inarch on
toward a goal which means abolition
of the whole capitalistic system. When
the trades union orders a strike', i* is
In order to secure certain specific,, demands which have been made upon
tha employer. When the Syndicalist
j orders., a strike, there may be no demands formulated at all. It may be
a strike simply to show ...thfc strength
of ti>e. employees, lt may be a strike,
to irritate ani annoy and harrasi tho
Ueve that wholesale -and generalized
attack on theni can take the place of
clear understanding of their purposes
and, their practices; It is also clear
'o us that so long as there are employers who treat labor as a commodity
instead" of as human beings, who resist all effort of laborers to organize
to secure their own rights, and who regard, the industry in which they are
engaged as their own private possession and disown any interest on the
part of the employee in the conduct ot
the business, there will be reason for,
expecting that such a- movement as
that of the Industrial Workers or" ths
World will continue. But one wrong
does not justify another; and tiie
n-medy for industrial injustice is not
to >be found in private war.—Revie.v < f
Reviews.
KARL LIEBKNECHT
By   David   Fulton   Karsner
Karl Liebkaocht ia both ;. man jid
movement, ills mortality has made
him immoral. I: is extremely doul.t-
ful If the his;oriar.s- of .the present European war will record his name
among the -lii-oes. He wi'.l probably
be mentioned < s 'i traitor lo the caii'ia
of German i.atlo-ialism in its -larkest
hour. Liebknecht is one of those
n-en who kiuw no natioinlisQi. He
knows only ,he ;;eople. lt was expected of '\[ n ilia; he -.v-juit'. serve
Germany by voihg for new war credits: Instsvl, i:. the RV.cistaq le
regisered his protest against monarchical rule and served the people.
"The war was not desired by any of
the people affected, nor was it kindled
to promote tiu welfare of fie Germans
or any   other  people."      Liebknecht
was speaking to the parliamentarians,
but he used the voice of the people.
The majtic of his personality fades before the truth of his words. His was
not an appeal. His was a fact.
Elected by the disinherited class of
Germany, he sought to bring them-into
their inheritance. You serve humanity if you'talk peace,when there's
no war. But you commit treason when
you talk peace 'when there is war
Liebknecht is guiity of that. He planted his cross in the Emperor's parlor
and awaited sentence of his crucifiers.
He may be sent to the front to take
his chances with the fates of war.
There is no bayonet sharp enough to
rend the spirit of the people embodied
in this soldier whose patriotism challenged autocracy, ignored nationalism
and boundaries, and with golden
threads of fellowship linked itself with
the rising tide of democracy. "The
war is a Xapoleonic attempt to unnerve and crush the labor movement,"
That was Liebknecht in the Reichstag.
That was Christ on the mount. That
was Wendell Phillips in New England.
That was Lincoln in Washington, That
was Debs in Terre Haute. That was
Pankhurst in London. That was the
outcast, the accursed and accused, the
exploited everywhere. How similar
are their utterances. Only the emperors and lords were silent. And
the rent takers, interest makers, profit worshippers and exploiters, they
were, silent, too. Labor spoke. He
stlrreth up the people, was the charge.
And labor was sentenced. But the
resurrection? You did not reckon
that, you unjust governments, your
warriors and kings for a day. Karl
Liebknecht symbolizes democratic labor. Neither democracy nor labor
will ever die—X. Y. Call.
Page SEVEN ^k
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
•w/iwiwi-^^^^
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J.  Pearson
Secretary, J. .McXicholas,
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m„ in K. P. Hall.
Noble  Grand—A.   Biggs
R.  Sec—Sister Price
g
strate to all the world Its truth and i employer, or It may he "simply i prac-
Its powor;  it incites In the hearts of iMce strike In rehearsal forr.cmp larger
oi of culls.   Those wbo buy once trom
alwavB come again.     Those whojlts fol,owei's th« spirit of bold.devo-j strike to come, a strike-that might l>e
'IS
nave not yet made our acqualntanse jtion  an'1  ""calculating  self-sacrifice, j compared to a fire drill or to army
How To Relieve The
Unemployed
are taking chances they wouldn't en- jand- tll0^h starti"& wlthout a Ph,los°-
. counter If they boughi their lumber \ &*< u ,,ns ttow ^eloped * pMlwophy
here."
i nf lla..nn.'ii-
ina noeu vers.
There Is anothor distinction between
.lJ^-L ^f.J=,Ll..-»__-A.n*-u-lla*.*'i
KENNEDY & MANGAN
By Carl 0. Thompson
It ls estimated that there are from
lOG-OOO to 150,000 working people -unemployed at the present moment m
Culcago alone. There are .probably
SOO.OOO or more unemployed in the
State of Illinois. There are probably
not less * han 4,000,000 unemployed In
the United States.
It is a social and personal tragedy,
lt is a tremendous human and social
waste. Such a problem, growing
more and more acute each year, Is a
menace to society, How shall It be
met? How can we relieve the ''unemployed? " .
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots nnd
Shoes, Oents' Furnishings
|   BAKER  AVENUE
•   BRANCH  AT   HOSMER.   B.C.
— Dealers In —
Leth,   Shingles,   Bath   end
SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings. Brackets, and Detail Work
Lumber,
l; Doors.
OFFICE AND YARD—MePherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
KING'S HOTEL
Bur Mit*|ilM with llie lieut Wines
Liquors unci CHriu-i
DINING  ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W MILLS.
Prep
ryim;-s?j-iun*cmiB*ir-*aii*\j-vi»-*c*-^*vj|-«iii»»-j~^-(*a^«-
Pncli Is what, for lack of a better, os unionist. / In this rountry the trad-
' term, we must call Syndicalism. , os union is organized along the lines
j It lias not been created but of hand, | of the craft, For example, the spin-
j but has grown like & living organism ! wrs uelongrlo one union, the weavers
j from a seed wblch was once a part j belong to another, the teamstera^be-
of another orgnnlun. It bears a direct j long to still another. Thus, If tho
relation to Socialism, but is different: spinners strike the rest are unaffected
from it as Christianity Is different j nnd the employers or managers need
from Judaism from which It sprung,! simply fill the places of tbe members
or as American civilisation Is different * of one class. The Syndicalist organ!-
froro English civilization. j jwtlnn Is entirely different.     In that
The word Syndicalism comes from i nil tlio workers In a single Industry are
tlio French word "syndlcat." The J unltod without regard to craft dlstlnc
corresponding English word syndicate > tion. Under tilts form all employees
Is used chiefly If not wholly witb re-Jiu hu industry would be lu a single
forence to combinations of capitalists j union, and a strike by that union
or ot properties: the French wordj <c.mild mean the paralysis of the Indus
"syndlcat" ts used largely with refer- j try Instead of the spinners In five
en re to combinations of labor. 8yndl-| different factories belonging to a sin-
callsm Is therefore a form ot labor-j pie unlott ami one that was dlfferei*:
unionism. In France the term Is ap-ifrom tbe union of weavers In those
piled to two kinds, One kind Is very factories, the spinners, weaver** and
much like that which ts familiar in * ttr misters in each one of the factories
the United States. It Is called ro- j would belong to u common .union- %
form'st Syndicalism, or the Yellows, j M"i;> Indu-Mry could tbim hi- jmsly*
The other I* known as revolutionary j tt'.
Syndicalism, or the Reds. This type' hi a brief statement liko this It i»
U usiially meant when the word 8yti-\impossible to give with nn.- dejereo of
Idtcallsm Is used. The leaders of thi*' fuHnes* a dwrlptlon of thl* new form
I branch have become nltonetlter dis-j of labor organisation. It. !» possible
;.Ktnted with the conciliatory methodsi only to suggest certain of Us charac-
Jolis there are for so many of the''unemployed as ran Like tliem. And
thut means a vast Improvement over
our system of employment bureaus.
Private bureaus are utterly inadequate.
Often they are but one more means of.
K(|iK'cziug the last penny out. of the
already crushed and despairing work-
liiftmun—a curse where help Is needed.
Bven municipal and statu tuiploy.
ment bureaus are often nuke Irmde-
Hiiatp. Wli.it we need U a iinlfio*!
t.,xtein of federal employment bureaus,
ptoj.erly co-ordinated with .iiuiilcipa'
and siute bureaus Into oi._> system
covering the whole city, stale and nation, lu this way we shall finally
reduce unemployment to the lowest
possible minimum.
Hut secondly, after every' job lux*
ound its man and overy man has found
his Job. there still remains a vast army
of the unemployed. Under capitalism tbere nre never enough jobs for
nil the men. There in always in mnry
nation a va*t reserve army of the un.
oitijiioyod.
Hence the  necessity of  "niakinj;'
depression and unemployment, run all
possible public works, so as to absorb
the unemployed. -More'streets-should
be cleaned, repaired and paved; more
public school buildings should be erected; whatever public buildings are
needed should be hurried forward.
There are streets to be laid out, improvements to be made; the city
should extend its water works, gas
plants, electric-light and power plants.
It should acquire and extend streetcar lines and 'other public utilities.
And the city should buy tracts of land,
lay out additions and begin the building of houses for. the people, to be
rented at cost.    All these things, pro-
:!
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet ai Aiello's Hull Second and third Mondays ia
each month.
John .\.. Woods, Secretary.
Ferule.  Hox 65T.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday a» 7.30
p.m. in their owe Hah- »'lc-
toria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combe.
K ot S„ U. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddlson.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets  every    Monday  at
7:30 p. ra., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, ti. Moses.
140 Howland Are.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224. meets in the K, P. Hall
secoi 1 anil fourth Friday of
earii month at S p. m.
MHS. J. BROOKS, \V. H.
W. ORR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Ttrracv? l.o-.lgw 1713. Meet
iu tl.e K. V. Hall first and
il.ir' Fridav evening of each
tnonth at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
'■'. i-KIOIITON. \\\ M.
j. SHILLING, Itec. Sec.
posed of at a profit, because the workers have nothing with which to buy.
Hence, overproduction. Hence, the
stoppage of production; more men
thrown out of work, and the further
aggravation of unemployement.
pcHy., pushed, would give work to the
unemployed and at the same time
make needed and valuable Improvements in the city life.
To ena'bie the cities to carry out
such  public works, the federal gov-
Ar« so on/caifllansmTtnis"!rs viciSTSV
circle and leaves la its trail the human wreckage and social waste of Its
millions of unemployed.
Socialism eliminates the profit sys-
i tem.      The  resources of nature aud
eminent should loan money to the mu- j the„jiubllc utilities aro all In the hands
ulcipalltles, counties and states, at
some very low rate of Interest, to be
secured by local bonds and to be repaid ln equal Installments over a period of, gay, twenty years. This would
enable every city, comity and state to
rake caro of its own unemployed, It
ivould relieve a world of distress. And
of the government. Pnbllr credit
backed by public wealth are also at its
command. With these in hand all
Industries may be set In motion and
kept in motion. No profit will be
needed or nought any more than they
are today In the postal department or
the public schools.     Production will
at tlie t-ame time It would add to the tlmi proceed on the basis of the needs
common wealth. I of the people and not on the bsils of
lint tlu> problem of the unemployed I private profit or exploitation,
inn not be finally disposed of until the j »el«B no exploitation there will be
capitalist system Is destroyed. Unem-ji-» so-called "overproduction." The
ploynient of a large proportion of the! workers will be able to buy oui of the
workers is an'essential, Inevitable and'market what their labor put* Into the
iinesinpable feature of Capitalism. | market. Production and consumption
Capitalism, nowhere and at no tlme,lw«H be balsnced- There will be no
employs all the workers steadily. It*dogging of the machinery of Industry
iltien not mid tt can not,
It can not, for the simple reason that
under (.■tijillallsm the worki-nt nro ex-
ploliud.     TliN   iisp!ol;atluii    re.hi'.-es
*ork for the unemployed   of croatSngiUiidr jambwiim -power. Heme a K.irp
Jobs,     The city should.'tit periods of J lus timimiilalel which can not be din-
by tliv surplus stolen from labor, and
therefore no periodical stoppage of
production. And therefore no periods
of acute mMtmployeni.Mil.
H3< :alS*!ii *oiyc» tne problem of the
unemployed.
Beware of Ointment* for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
»v i*.i+.»*-s»? wli! **n*ir iV-iwir t*u* «,'«**> «f «mr!l
•i»i| *i*»,+-», l» * rmuuv it* wfcitl* *ptotn tinm,
tt*tt*Tl*t  ll   Ibi. w'» tb- Uttttv*.. M*rt*t*t9,    x-s-.il
i. ni.i - *tv.itM ii-n-r >«' ii-i-if l'v*-! t mi uwMH'rte-
l|.;tw fMli r-»i»Ml.*.ii»» | h.''Mxi-.. na ItH- iMUBf-Kv
lUvt w 11 du la Irk full) lu '-*-•• kuwl >"* ran |«»-
»IUt> <hri<>» Hi*, il.,u. IUI!'* Cturrti fare,
«Mi«nf«<-1un-4 »*■' I*   t. IVici A Cu.. Tnlwla. tl..
n*t«|ut i« tunvntji, »iirt x* •*»"» Imi-wwlijr,
' «fllM itlrwlli  uf* lh.- hl<-*4 «K4 tm*emt v*t-
it** t.t tn* *r*ne*. Is Nylw ll*il*« •'•tti*
ttm* I* mt*t< ftm pt tl* (n-wlB*. f( t« Ul«ji
tittantltt **e m*e* l« "Ik*-**, «M». nr t; I.
intmr* l* tm,   %***np*m**t* tta*,
*M t-r l<mtfl«l».   If**. Wr. prr kt^iU.
Tuk* Mill"* !"«Kilr m« tf* tantlbatlae
Si
StttotM
MiitiOM
Femie-Fort Steels
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Boor
and
Porter
V
BottW 8«4n S-jKltlty
IMUWWBPW
List of Locals District.!8
st
411
Ut
\m
w.
mi
tw.
tm
Wt
tttt.
till
Iff*
ItSf
Ht
llli
WA
9CM
tm
m
Hnmn ••«• Mt P. O. Addriss
b*»l*Mi.,... Jf- Whmttny,-Onabbnn*, Attn.
Pmrno crook... ...4. tmoobno, tmmm Xrtono, **» rwcoor,
imimo.....,.*........******** linWiU, Umtt -'», M#»wii, Alin,
mnlimor*  Wm. Artbm, IMslraorr, Alto
Bw«li..,., .-...T. O, llitrttm, fwrturt, Alu*
Cnrbondnls,.... J, Mltetwll, OnHwn4olo, COk»sn, Alt*.
llmmotem......... MlchneJ tVsrren. dsnnort, AJtn.
oowwmi.-hi•*•»»»»»»».*.o. mommmtn.- smotmnm opim *
OmtMb A. OnibtU. Cotbto, 8.C.
Chinook Minos P. •«nsto». Citwwk Mines. Comomtte, Alt.
font*.  ,.,..!%•*. 0pbM. rotolo, A C,
rrnnk. ............... Krta Mor»so. FVnnlt. Altn.
WOtntt. AntA mfim, ttmmot. Alts
t^tifif&rt'f-f* • • ** P******, rim * I, l.tttthmte,
iMbbrtt*. V**utrtm..yntb tbmtoA-oon. OmH
Mitifin Lont  T. *' ffnrrf^, ftmUnrrg, Attn,
MkbA,*, HU-ktirA bonrt, MlObA, A C
TboAPm ...I. A. noPtoo,1opAPA
pofwf'T. * , „ * * * * t * * * * * *' * * * ™*  •"■MNW'PBW-f  aWMraV *^H*»*«
ttmnrtm-imn. Cnnmorm...*** If-MHwr. (.tmoommo.
T'nmm M5»*** ,,,...,.,Hn 1»>-'****r, ^mftf-ft, tin ttmbf WiiwWtlsi
ttmt**, Afbmrtn.
Attn
i !»i»voPHieil by the Yellow*.    They say ttnl-stlr*.    It rewnls all rapluillsts s»
! that the labor men who ico Into leRlsla*' lu enemies: the present state of In-
| live or administrative office avowedly 5 diuirjr as u utatc of war; a strike
,for the purpose ot Improving the ror,. ,,** « moans if haraisliuc or weaken'.n*
idttlons ot labor and promoting  thej tin,' enemy; the object of It* fluht th*
Ideals which they profess become like | cncnrlnK of control tor the worker oY
! >i«y other politicians, make compromls-; nil the menni of production.    It does
> i>* with the cairitalists. snd even ko * not aim Its weapons against the pub-
! ao tnt ai to castor tbt lnaU\i»«i!ik* <vf, V..   \: U'•>-',\\\<w fta-,«: "wdr t-,> "»vi.v.? |
I Kormrnmont  lo renresi  Isbor iml'a-! Hu> machinery go on strike by leaving j
| Mnn nnd Imdnslrlal war,    Ste ih* lend- Hu» worker* at ftheir place*, hy silo*-'
ors of the rovolutlonnry form of 8vn.; inn "aerldpnts" of trifllm sorts to h«j»- J
dlcsIUm will havo notklnt to do with' pen so thst Iho machinery dons not {
the attempt* to form political psrtk»* j t<irn wit th<» product it is «>xp#rt<»d to
on labor's behalf.    They ietlnr** ihst tarn out—n form of nsboU-r*: and in
labor Is In a critical strusale with oi her »«i* secure tho effect of .*><•
capital, and thnt It In useless for labor »trtke without causing tho worker* to
to try lo attain Its ends by round, lose the day's work or a day's pay.
«lK»ut anil  Indirect   means:  that lu-. S>'iidlcaUsin Ix thus In Its practlri'*, In
ntentl It thould eonflfto Itself to "direct' ii» pnrpotes, antl In lis forms ef on j
sHttm" «vinlMllon radically different from tk*t.
• I   t'nder Ihi* torn art Included all t onHnary trades union.    In torn* r* X
1 kinds of tllrfN<t 4Mtllngs twtween eapl.i»ix>cts  ihut   If one   seewrt   of   its)
ftaltsts antf labor, bot from tht point strrngth.     It toes to tho u"*ki!icu|
11*1 % |*»# ot the Pyettlt-nlUt no deallnti' wnaben. tt* the mmt poorly paid work-
\m lh* fRBtrt of Hbot am lastinsMe tn-^fM, to tht- workers who hsve b**n on*
\t*tn the) are hostile. • Acconllng to'nf i'mmI, t,t ih. workers whom oth«*r
j tht Hyndlrsllst. It Is lhe laborer sdono i latoor of»»«uitk»na bnt* not toorbwd.
l*l» km * rigM to tlw oAMitswIiilv*1 nH j a,itit Id x.j,v*■* * M*t?« U n $imff*l tot ymi..
ilk*, iimmiiis Nf fMfwdsctlfNt: tk* poraon Tbt* «-nu»lovi-r la aot IntotwsttA In yoa,
i who it totting a reward for M*<*tr, lor all n« vnmn is ytmt latssr at Mast»
,i».*»-,.i»n  xme  mmm* M  iwouvwiwu  i*.ni.,,- vt**i.     itm **inuui.> xtntHkm hwuj
|g«Hiii«g • twwaM lo wfclcb he la not,(» mm iniftrnmi tn yoa ktnssM yoa
\.'V,t,k4. iMmMm%fyti9'MmimxpA,%,ii'it m tnmtf oVth mbltb 1» pny
piw*nrtimt ihonld tw in tlw hands of dues, and imltoi yoa tire forafgntrs,
llw   nwkt't*,.   uuUl ti  H i mmt "ttt i mi ihmjt. .y.ul un*k)llfd.     Yob da a*ol
|irM xn* fWfMAoNaio M» i»» w«rk*»<feii«w fmet Miwk«iH.     t.-:y*m tmmm*
I tber* nrast to a state of l»4a«trlil saly om* all agma to alt atill aai fold
! *trmntt*. mr. n* ttoy call tt. Indastriil xomt htnd* yoa woald hav* all rapl-
i war   tn tMa toopmi tb* iyadlciiliw»tails** •' ytmt ten, and iem wmM
\m« ito «otUM« agiw*.    Ttoy *•.,»»•>«* !»;« ytmt oan*
, ttot    otrk   tmppmnttmr,   tlmn/tnm,'   Tto ladwstrtol Wort-r-n ef tk* Wor**!
' *>fi,iit*,t hi» ronwtO'tl it tbt* c'trflfn ,*? ttt   t* fti* iirTl^tltlfill, If *n inn**!*- bntrttt
lt**mrnm aa agssiast tto pmnmbmm *A * tody «* i*"^ can to mtUA m o*
,th<   ciA'A''St        fr, o fi*',-     i-itit:. tf-   ^.infuffiir.   «h1tb -it  \m*"-i- -<	
| t*mn#*mm*f* abewM be tine**.,*., * *. --nn* SXx*u4U-*Utm,
'. '«*««. It '* ta !%• astttol* «f -f«n,- *t' W# •*!• ***• toll*v» tkti tto a»«i*toi«
em this -stragglf ot tto PfimrPm *l*m-mr rmtlkmn tt tto Vyadtcaftala bttt
it»t»« tto -fwi*tt*llM ***** ta* ta* r«i »ny bam bnt tto wag»«an»r. m
''. S:i«|f?*lt« ■ttntpmo niH tk*' 'irMfst'm"'y.%ai n#fo jmrpmm* itm twrn br •»•
*«i«i.fiff«*f      T*.<* iw*ih*it tt,*i*fi**,* ■•■*'-■-■ **,**r**t* *9*1»*ritt■  tmf  tr*  ,*,* **■<** %*
W-fr'fcf:
>•■ A >£ -■"
'Sij* f-A '-'
1     / ' ,*    '   *\?    j
..$. *■"*-;- 7h 'I -'\    ,'    -    ■     ■***
il
The
Sunkist Orange
With the Different Flavor
Atk for "Sunkitt Valenciat"
<*M
4*4"^        f    t
The Valtntia Bnn«
kUtlntlie California
^^    Summer Orsngo    h
swtot. Juicy,  luscious
fruit, tifcoHt tm tkt tttt.
Riisy In peel, »rnl iiractic^Hy
•CC4lks«.
tm* Somstr«d»rktng*tgrteripp«Nir.
.-1 ' utepp going tighter in color.   But
k|I\ oM poppipop toi ytUpbtdtAbtk*
jiJM Imt with hMlthMKHM.
11 *|      Otmgo-* mtn pkktd in CoWntoln every
"   tfrjf to Ibt jtot, *p& ttt* L*t* V*Imw** **
itm ol Um very finest aver grown.
* ...        .... .■»■»••..».■ i,
tmm tht tree   yo« get Jl /m* witli thi real
tiw-ripmeti ttotw.
Iimn't bw Bwioly "«iranft».M    H«y th«
VWHWRHI rnm
tm.
Snttkttt Valenclas.     Sw what  y»«t
missing in not getting thi« brnmh
nra
mm       «■*■ g mm
Try Tbcte Lemons, Too
Vim Sunkist L»mon*« to serve with fith
and me»t*. Vm th« iaiiw whertwr ytm now
use vinegar. These are the beat looting and
the hrit lemons sold. Juicy, fully flavored
and practically seedless. There's a vast
difference in different bfunds «4 knaoa*.
tf...   ***>.,„*.t.*'»   r.-*,*    -„«
Beautiful Rogers SlWer in
Exchange for Wrappen
-tin htiy » d^yirn each nf ftanlfg| ornngea
tam* itmu***** mm •*«• tw« *wi*^iwt*
hearing the Sunkist trad* mark. Then
send tn the coupon below and find
out mm? lo exchange the wrap.
pars fur hcautifu! Rogers ^T ft^kQtmrPtP
"irverw'Sre    ^^b ^juJApopm
foTfogf   J^wtm.tAAttpm%tmttm
**l* fmtm »gfc itoalas mta* IK
mai* ** —mt PtmOm ******** m*
t.*****   %'*m a*tt «••*fintt'ii -mw *Tm«
i^wag *^mw^m^^^mt ^m^i^p ^mw^mmaomp^oi^t^tttot^m v^
n» n*mnf*t t*r»m* ** *»* lnuMWl^it i»Mi tp*
*a,t*>^rtmm*mrartt9*iti/h9iaamiraa*. *»ge EIGHT
THIS DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., APRIL 10,1915.
\
HOUSE DRESSES
We have just received a large shipment of ladies'
House Dresses made in one piece in good Avashing
fabrics, including prints, ginghams, percales and
zephers.     These will be on sale Saturday at $1.00
Ladies Super-Combed Silk Luster Hose
Look just like silk; double garter-top and reinforced toe and heel.     Full fashioned.
Saturday Special 3 pair for $1.00
Hose Supporters
Made irom a good quality durable elastic, and
have strong steel fasteners. Come in all sizes from
infants'to ladies'.,  Regular, :45c. pair
Saturday Special 20c. pair
Ladies' Summer Vests
Extra good value; low cut neck and short sleeves;
also in the no sleeve style.
Saturday Special,,         . each 15c.
29-Inch Duck
Extra strong weave and absolutely fast colors.
Just the thing for children's school wear. Comes
in blues and tans. A big selection of designs to
elioose from
Saturday Special 2 yds. for 35c.
Rubber Balls
Extra strong durable rubber Balls, prettily decorated.   Come also in plain red rubber.    Size ol/j inch.
Saturday Special each 25c.
Bara/sifflsiBiBiaiaiBiaesiaiaiaia^^ :'£iL£L.._LLJ.££.i'.^
SMART STYLES
FOR
SMART PEOPLE
•rarsiEiaj-MEFeisi-arc^sjsis^
Smart styles for men will be shown in our big
window this week. New Blocks in Soft Felt Hats,
the latest ideas in knitted and plain silk neckwear,
up-to-the-minute features in Spring Clothing, and a
host of small accessories such as belts, suspeivders
■'invisible two point and four point), gloves, scarf
pins, Collars, Silk Shirts and Silk Pyjamas, etc.
All these lines will interest good dressers, while the
(jualiiy of everything shown is the best made.
Our Made-to-Measure Clothing Department is
ready to meet your requirements with the.best range
of made-to-ordcr clothing samples shown in the district, and every garment i.s hand-tailored by experts. We do not ask for a deposit, and Ave guarantee perfect satisfaction both in fit and wear.
Order one of our hand-tailored garments. Terms to
suit can be arranged in the office.
ALL OUR CLOTHING IS "MADE IN CANADA."
Boys' Wash Suits in Buster Brown, blouse, and
(lie popular Oliver Twist styles.     Made'of good
quality prints, pique, percales and ginghams, in
dark and light colors.    Ages*) to 7 years.
Price :. $1.00 to $3.50
IF SHOE TONGUES COULD SPEAK
■t
Surely the most dignified appear to your inherent
good taste would be made by
INVICTUS SHOES
Because of the character of each component part
and process of manufacture.
Because of the better judgment of those avIio determine Invictus styles and tfhe materials Avhereof Invictus Shoes are made—
Because of their smartness and perfection of "finish"—
Because the "fellows" of unsold Invictus Shoes are
giving service and obtaining appreciation in unstinted measure from delighted Avearers—
These Avould be the just claims of the Invictus Shoe
for YOUR consideration.
Let Invictus Shoes Speak for Themselves.
SATURDAY SPECIALS
Cooking Eggs, 2 dozen , 25
Robinhood Oats, 8 lb. sack •. 40
Robin Hood Porridge Oats, 5 lb. carton 25
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz. tin, per doz .,..    .85
Laurentia Milk, Hotel, per doz  1.00
Lowney's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin     .40
Cowan's Cocoa, .1 lb. tin , 48
IIunt,\s Golden Peaches, 3 lb. tin     .30
Okanagan Golden Peaches, 3 lb. tin 25
Wagstaff's Fig an dLemon Jam, per tin     .70
Wagstaff's Pear-Jam, per tin 70
Crosse and Blaekwell's Jam, 4 lb. tin      .60
Pure Lard, 10 lb. pail .1.50
Roses's Lime Juice, pints 35
Lemonade PoAvder, large size 25
Lemonade Powder, medium size, 2 for 25
Carrots, 16 lbs : r..    .25
Our Fish Supply Comes in Fresh Daily
SCHOOL SUPPLIES
Large soft Erasers, ouch 05
School Rulers, each 05 and    .10
Pencil Boxes, each 05 and    .10
Mathematical Sels, each ,15 $nd    .25
Lead Pencils, per-dozen 10 and ' .15
Drawing Pads, each 05 and    .10
Military Scribblers. 3 for .: 10
Military Exercise Books, 3 for 10 '
Large Scribblers, each 10
Champion Note Books, each 10
Leather School Hags, each 40 to    .76
Oil Canvas School Bags, each 10
Carter's Ink, per botvtle 05
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIAL
Casloria, per bottle 25
Winslow's Soothing Syrup 20
Scott's Emulsion, large size 80
Beef. Iron and Wine. IG oz 50
Hind's Honey and Almond Cream 45
Allenbury's Infant Food No. 1 large 85
Allenbury's Infant Food No. 2, large 85
Allenbury's Infant Food No. 3, large 45
llorlick 's Malted. Milk, large size     .85
Nestle's Food, tin .'    .45
Robinson's Patent Barley, per tin 25
KGbii>80.u'st Patent Groats, per tin 25
Frutitivcs, large size 40'
"\
The Store of
Quality
^
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
—a    ' ■■■ BRANCHES=AT=JmRNlEr-MIC^^ 1	
Money Saving Prices
Russian Women
Prepare To Fight
For Freedom
By Bernard Gallant
While* the attention of the world ln
the present Muropean war Ik being
fociMed upon tho conflicting arnica,
the Kuaalan women, who for many
yeara silently -bore tho brunt of the
Czar'a autocracy, nro preparing to
utilise tho preaent crista and avenge
themselves for tho many -KroHu Injustice* Inflicted upon them nnd their
beloved In the pant. They nre deserting tho government nt this dire moment and aro form Inn the Iuik« army
of the Ciar's Interniil ■•nemy. They
.comprise the v»Mt hont of rebellion
whleb will awoep the Czar's domain
and are preparing the revolt which
nay perhaps spell the doom of the
Russian monarch) mnl the nwlent
hound of llnmiinoff
"If m* must sive our ihr* ;mil »*n--
rHire our men, we will dn sn in the
at rn gale for liber: y rather thun fight
tor tlie CW."
This Is Ihe motto of th" Russian
women, according to Dr. Kva Kat/.-
man, one of the for*'mo»t foes of the
Russian monarchy *n the I'nited
Stales, who has recently returned
from Russia. Dr Katxman l» a *••!!•
known Russian rebel. For mnny
years she has by word and pen spread
the vims of revolt nmong Nicholas*
snbjeitM oi thin lutintry, conttanl);
looping In lottch with her comrades
»br«d 3*.* U th* rsrral'.Tt dim-
tor of the Russian revoluMwary ft-
por, Soty Mir t.Ww World), published In New York <n»y The paper
liwtrs the distinction of being burred
Russia by the government ren-
tthe Is also 'he orgsniffr and
ar    o.e*it*'-ri*inr   ••■]'},\   ' i'V' t'i *
money for the victim* of the revolu
tio* wbo or. beaUft-M to Siberia or
HMftreorated In the many fortresses
aa* Jolts.
n»*. i -». , t    i...    *    **    *
tke repreoentatlv* of the Hussion Ho-
dai Democrats in America. He l» an
•rdont rebel and during the outbreak
pt tPM* retaraod te Rum!* to partici-
ptlo In tke revolt, Daring bis two
yonr*' stay tkero. he was arretted
eight tines lie eK-ajied ib* niJ.lU
an arrest mb',rb mltb' hsTe
his life by a fksw* remark
■pttottmrn ky n comrade.
tome it* war of WT,, ottortlnp
tp tlr Kituma», when Russia tnt
flfcfcUeg TVkey In behalf ot tke Ral-
fem Start, tke wtm*tt wit! net par
ticipate In the preaent Inhuman carnage nor will they aid the government.
At. that time, lured by national glory
and tbe hopes of greater freedom,
which they expected to gain through
Husalan victory and tho achievement
of the Slav, the woman fought side by
Hide with tho men. In many respects
this conflict resemblns much the war
of t«7". It is a war for the supre-
mancy of the Slav*. Hut on this occasion the Czar will not find any women In his fighting ranks. Russia's
women have learned not to hope for
nny thing from the authorities. Now,
ns Russia l< m«s«ln» her soldiers
ngalnst her enemies, the women hope
to utrlke ti blow at the monarchy.
Regardless  of the  great  progress
niMilo by the women of Kurope and
j \*merl<'i, the \vomtn of Russia toda)
j h'III are the moist oppressed lu the
v-Hirui, WhiiH every natron was throwing open Ita colleges and universities,
Inviting   tli**    lair sen to join overy
field of niltnntl endeavor, a higher
education   for   Russl.-tn   women   was
iiMtle   «*xir»'mely    difficult—In   some
i uses even impossible.     As education
N not popular even among men, the
women are almost denied tbe rights
of   n   professional   career.     In holy
liu*«l!»   the   woman Is given   little
thought by the government.   She him
i few rights liefore nmrris-R* and still
j less after U,   And as a roli-e In th**
' eo*'r>rwm»»n» !« dent-ed *x'*n to *b*t tut a.
! for the woman to demand inch rights
' is ion»trucled as an set of treason.
As n remit of continual oppression
rh« ffnsslflfi women Tiave become i-ul-
loiised and embittered, Misery,'the
agent of progre**. has taught thtm
'tifri -*.i * iif Tin *.'*., .,.,, '*", i i 'j.v
hundred* of women tba dared to
spread the ttospel ot revolt Tkey
havo become the active fooo of tk*
monarchy.    They have become am-
■-.)!&■ • •    ■    a-    •   *    ->'k\     -*t*iis*Mffk   •**   .*fr«kh*'
Eng part in the feronstraetlon ot tbelr
country.
In the opinion of lit. Kataman,
th'itiMfd* of yentig women hsve en-
lifted as Red Cro»n norm* io tk* Huts-
«!sn arwv, llonetmr. tfi*v wflf p*r-
iurm mutf tli«fi ortlnnr) not** doty.
■Fierv r«ni' nf ihit.t* mbite-i**!*"*"*
nn.eels n* the tik|TSfflt'lA sill be mu
apostle of revolt. White nursing the
-sk* aod omntt-et tkey wtll eahgkten
tko Botdl«n nnd ggQon m to tto tml
mtPtblom in *p**,r bmA(bte4 hot.
Tkey wilt *nrr»tt revo't *o«f tentwrwttiim
the  Muscovite Government.
A very similar propaganda, Dr.
Katzman claims, was carried on ln
the Russian army and navy during
the Russo-Japanese war. The effect
of tho agitation was quickly demonstrated during the revolt which follow-
ed the conflict. The Czar's gov-
ertunent found Itaelf deserted by
thousands of its most'loyal soldiers
who sided with the peoples' cause. By
many the Japanese, victory over tbe
Russians Is even attributed to the
work of,the Czar's Internal enemy, the
rebels.    '
However, the Russian woman in the
revolutionary movement ia not a novel
element by any means. As far hack
as the early 80'b she was already
prominent In their councils. At that
time, when the people atill blindly
hoped and trusted In tho "Little Czar,"
lm ml mis of women rebels went among
the people to diffuse knowledge and
Inspire ihum to a greater freedom.
They were not children or the poor
who felt the curse of poverty, but descendants of aristocratic families,
Somo of them were related to the
royal houses of Burope. Out of the
t'.t'ltl-* and shops and factories they
went, and there,'working and living
among the tollers, spread the flrat
netti'it of discontent.
In th!,* iirlv.inre iftnrd nf orn^tttrnntla
were mich women as Maria Bplrt-
donova, Vera Sassulltch. Maria Ve-
trova, Kllzabeth Kovalshy, Vera Fig-
ner, Katerlna Hreschovsky and many
other* loo numerous to mention, Who
has not heard of Katherlna Hri'schov-
*ky, known ns "Ilabushka" (grand-
mother)? Indeed, she ls the grandmother of the Russian revolution.
For more thnn forty yenrs she hns relent Ie«*ly fought for liberty, defying
Jail and gallon*. Scvtral years bo-
j fore the revolt of i:iti5 she paid a fly-
j Ing visit to the Unltod State*. She
i t*»,« t*m * -jtl-eftijiotfcfaUary ol ihe revo-
(latlonlsti. The Comrades b«>gg«d her
ito remain here, but she woald not
hlsfen to them. Rhe returned to her
J lit'luvi'd tluimla, took un uitlve part In
| the outbreak, and now Ih iiii exile lu
j the wilds of Siberia,   Rororal month*
i-•»*,< ««, HM«« mit, i,um*i*.**.*i**t «l<triH|><
. lo ,( ' -'.oi y.i 1J.0 j,'.;i.i'\' ivf i> ,oiv(j.Vuj,v; iv,j.
•Many are Die naollers in H-uiil*
i who sing tbelr hnWmn to »l*et» wltk
; tke aad, trngle songs wrltton ky Vera
j flgner wkllo  she  was Jailed In the
' Itgstltle of Rossta. Her llttlo poem,
I At the Scaffold." has krougkt tears
to the eyea of many, aid, tkoogh pro.
i kiMted by the aothorttlet, It song by
* thousttmii. Wko la Russia could
llft»#-n and remain culm to fke»#
; s*«r«J*?
f
i
it--*n.ynit,  forgive  tke aoooo Is iigkt-
I ealng.
I. Ail   it   darkness,   my   hoart  stands
MUI   ...   .
Uy l«*t ktrrti fw ike pevtA*'
Per Wr**4mm, 0***** ttfilt Is***"
Same "day* when Russia will have
shattered the shackles which have fettered her for centuries, when the historians penetrate the heavy walls of
the fortresses of 8t. Peter and St.
Paul, Schlluselburg, Riga, Moscow and
others: when the many graves of the
far, northern Siberia are Investigated,
only then will the world learn what an
important part the Russian woman
played In the Intense struggle for liberty. More than twenty-five years
before Mrs. Pankhurst made her entrance as a militant,, the Russian
woman fought ft bitter battle for the
freedom not only of the woman, but
man alike. Long before militancy
was known in England have tbe Russian women utilized the hunger strike
ns n means of gaining concessions
from the jail authorities. Rut they
wore not ns fortunate as their English sisters! The Husslan Cossacks
know no gallantry. The Russian government understands not the meaning
or ft "Cat and Mouse Act."
A whole volume can be written
about the dreadful hunger strikes in
the dungeon* ot llie Czar's prisons.
The Russian Government, however, la
not as tolerant as U the Kngtlsh. If
the women wish to starve, they may
do so. Forcible feeding: ts not known
in the Russian jail*. How many prisoners have died from such strikes will
never be known, hs no reports aro
ever made.
The lust revolution In Russia
demonstrated the courage of the
women. With the i uthuslasm known
only to them, they mounted the barricades fighting alongside tho men, facing bayonet and bullet. The sacrifices of wonien for the cause of liberty constitute one of the darkest, and
yet one of the most hopeful, chapters
of llnsstnn titatory.
inner beyond comparison has keen
j the loi of the woman In the land ot
tlw Rmss.    She saw her 0900, brothers
,irtd hetoveil mowed down  uopn  tke
battlefield*.     They survived the enemy's bullets only to perish  by  the
[loiiiW'u m!»»lles ot their own soldiers
In the nlrugglo* for freedom.     The
Jbest of Rnssla'g yonth lag boon mor-
l<«v<*t'« nut  oi»oh i«e enemy ■ toutlo-
■U*.1*,1 , ,Vj,'j „; i,U ■■.■.I'.tim mi *.*HW.u*,
>, Peierskgrg, Riga. Kief aad other
i cities..    TtoKM*m»d« wtt* btlt*4 dMrfm|
i tke last revolution, while a small army
!b«« heen   banished   lo  tke wilds ol
thoosands to seek refuge In foreign
lands and In this manner Rtisala la
being devastated of the flower of Its
yoeth.
One* In a very great wfctle a Mat
'*rbn nf *b* iri'f nf tki» RussEin women reach tke ears of kor foreign ota-
''■•♦* ftn' this Ir. actiluut. Tlu;> Ixuvn
wnnt'A to complain, they kavt Imimed
to net. Mow (key reallto tkat tke real
•ar Is st hand. A war tkitt wflf llk-
erate tko num as well aa tke womon
ttt tin* -t*nf* Jltmnin—o ont against
*b*   mnnirrftf   ff)r   ;i,   fno-   ritfttfttt'*-.
Tliey harbor no illusions. They are
fully aware of the price they are to
pay, but they are eager for the battle.
Now the toscin of rebellion is sounding throughout the Russian empire.
The opportune time has come and the
women are calling upon their Soldiers
of freedom to make the last stand.
They are ready to make history.
The hundreds of thousands of Russians In the United States, Dr. Katzman claims, will rally to the support
of their sisters. They have not forgotten, nor can they possibly forget,
Russian absolutism. Many of those
who have found peace and shelter
here, have brothers, fathers and relatives who are participating in the war,
Their thoughts constantly turn to
those they have left behind. Tears
dimmed the eyes of many as news of
the strife reached them. - Hope
mingled with fear. Tbey dread the
thought or the dangers and possibilities. Rut they are all ready to support, nay, finance the rebellion,
While no attempt has been made
by the Russian women here to collect
monoy for thc Red Cross Society, thou-
ts.ttids of dollars have been gathered
for tho cause of tho revolt.     It Is
j estimated that more than 130,000 Is
i being forwarded yearly from .Yew York
j alone for the furtherance of the revolu-
'.i'-ju .1i.1i Ui, vialiu*.     In *<****> ul mh
outbreak, however, according to the
representatives here, several hundred
thousand dollars could be collected
without difficulty.
Hut money Is not tho only thing Uie
! United States will contribute toward
the liberation of Romanoff's subjects.
There Is a small army ready lo return, while a goodly number hare re-
turned already. Kvery one of those
recruits has gathered his Ideas of liberty in the Isnd of t'nele Sam. Here
he aaw tke vast difference between she
autocratic Russia and the free, democratic, -republican Unltod Statos. And
lt is this, more than all propaganda,
that the Car f»*rs.
Dr.    KsUuisu   declares   tkat   tbe
revolutionists hero aro confident tkat
tb* women *M trtmipk   over   tke
Star's  t-ovewment  snd ee-nfn^e-t*   t*f
1 oppression,    ftko   believes,  however,
I tkat tko Mture historian,   wko it to
,desl wltk tko progress and evolution
.of t&t RomIsh etupSiw, most come to
like United States for mnek  of  Ms
! material.—X. V. Call.
1   toften. when reading articles, as
iitave wo kavo been tempted to woa-
der whether those zealots wko claim
to   be—and   undoubtedly   ara— Ike
pioneers of freedom, aro net devoting
too mock energy aad lime to attacking
or d»'«t*rosilag Ui4WtdvuU.    Tlie C*ar,
or even tko Ciar'a government Is not
] i'u»tuiu»tbU   im   0***1   condition—me
I people tktmselves nre retponslkte.   It
MKey poos*** tke {woavr to overthrow
I tko government they mont be Uuckl
a desire for freedom, passion and hatred cannot be reckoned to accomplish
much. "Man makes his own history,"
but he makes according to tho know,
ledge he posses, Thc making of history is much like the building of a
house: one man will start to build
with the trained Intellect of tlie architect, and be will create a structure
both beautiful and useful. Another,
of an easy-going temperament, ivill
build with thought only pf tho Immediate present; winter has no fears for
him, he only doting a covering fnni
the summer shower, The awakening
cornea with the chilling blast of winter,
80 may we expect all history that is
attempted on the passion and enthusiasm of tho bloody revolution—it
blows hot and cold; there Is no stability In passion. Therefore we have little or no sympathy with those v lip
talk of revolution and destruction.
The salvation of society lies In the
education of the masses, and such
education as will bo useful not only
for a visionary future, but which can
be applied In their every day life. Tho
demagogue who spends his time In
abusing society for not "gelling knowledge" Is Invariably so soaked In Ignorance himself that ho falls to note the
rapidity with which society Is advancing.)
♦
♦
■tULEVUI
to do this and not to waste tbtlr lime
la nlmtiag tlr ladltflngJa.  tf calm
'fotfc x'.id I'MsuuUui *IU im* i»*t*l«i*
Mr. (loorgo Christie, who enlisted In
the 13th Mounted Rifles, now stationed
at Pincher Creek, was united in matrimony to Mils Ada Allaopp at tlie Methodist Parsonage on Saturday. After
tke ceremony Ike humorous friends of
the brldo and bridegroom atsomblod
at tko bomo of tko bridegroom and par
took of a sumptuous topper. Tko happy couple were tke recipients of a
large number of useful presents. We
take this opportunity of wishing tbem
much happiness, Tko Bridegroom
left on Tuesday itlgkt to Jnta bis regiment.
Aa tko rooolt of ■ skirmish between
a dotaokmeat ot tko Mounted PoMee
and tko forrtgn-apoaklng element, rive
of tbo latter nm enjoying tko hospitality of Ills Majesty,
Wtr*mrwmtt*ii Miwtmw 1*1* »*»•*>•.>••» »••».
13th Mounted Rifles at Pincher Crtok.
Mr. tm Stopbonooa, flro .boss horo,
loft on Saturday for bla bomo In "floor-
dla Land."
Mrs. V, Wolstenholme, who bat beon
ot a fow seontkt' vacation to Scot-
Unit, teas returned and taken ap kor
position la tbo MethodHt rhotr.
Wr* Moss Tod ivwiplanfl hss ike on-
fortoaato experieooe of Hitting dowo
n cfcote for tbe AMmmw ot ttm rrmn-
citta. We arw ploaawt to report, how
ovor. that ho la llttlo worn for hia
lis* -wtnn-er ** tne »t*Jow»f wtteh «f-
ferod as 11 prize Ift the guessing competition held at T. Burnett's store,
wns nu Italian from Hlllcrest.
t.Mlss WlllianiB Is enjoying a brief
respite from her college duties. She
is staying; wtih her parents In this
town.
"Back to the land" seems to bo. the
slogan here just now, judging from the
number who are getting to their homesteads, otc.    "-' '
The Iladdad Bros., wbo recently
made thoir advent In our midst, seem
to be like the present "hard times"—-
come to stny. This weok they
bought out A. I. Blais' grocery business, and hopo by strict attention to
business and the requirements of their
patrons to secure and retain a share
of the business In tbls burg,
Jack Barwick has bought a. house
on Die Rosedale Dairy Site and moved
hi ou Woil nosday.
The temperance peoplo of tbls town
are taking steps to Inform us why we
should support the coming plebiscite
on Prohibition. A series of lectures
will be hold, commencing Wednesday
next, when Mr. Pock of Claresholm,
will lecture. Free discussion is invited.
Tho regular meeting of I«ooil 431
«as held last Sundsy, the President
resuming his duties nfter quite an alv
sence. Correspondence was raid from
Local l< S. P. of U. asking for financial
assistance for the coming Provincial
Klectlon. Tbls, unfortunately, bad to
be turned down owing to tko precarious condition of our own exchequer.
The scrutineer reported ss follows
on the recent agreement ballot:
For the proposed agreement....   19;'
Against    201'
Spoilt      d
(Signed)   Wtkerland,
Drookk,
B-arkw,
Tke mtasariag commlttoo reported
having a fairly satisfactory toor.
Now business found tho "Scribe"
brought to tlmo for falling to send
tinte* ro the Ledger regularly. Th'
former advised the appointment of
•oho one else, at hi had oostUtvUon-
AA/ vfttei**. tttt*. tu* nsUMNHl * ootag
tlu- ;il1'hul. tJ jl'i kti -Oj-MttAwktiu
which gave lhe right to tko editor to
ponell anything tbat ill wt In hit opinion come oadtr tht hoadfkg of Iflnff
oltber edneatlve or Instructive.
Mitt R. Llllle, tenaorty of (hit eity.
kat moro recently of fraik, rttorneo
to tbt city on Wedneadty to Uke ap
ker datles as stenograpfcor In tbe tfflef
of Horchmor and Martin.
VOU HAU; or RR.VT-
,» Fresh rttw*, r/vKf mmern
I flows in calf,
t Calves.
I Ball, two-yearold.
S Ifersoo
14 Aews et UM OA mprpt.
Apply to S. A flavMafl*, mini, Af,
V. 0. BO* ll
\

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