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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1915-05-15

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 * I
Industrial' Unity li Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, XJ„ M. W. of A.
£j%jet
Political Unity Is Victory
No.38>tVol.Vlil.
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. 0., MAY 15,1915
Somewhat Belated,
But Murder Will Out
"At.
In one of our recent Issues we re-
ferrej to tha meeting of tbe stockholders of the Canadian Collieries Co.
(Dunsmuirs) held In London, when it
wna decided to postpone the payment
of interest rather than have a foreclosure.
At jthe time of the Island strike
great stress -was laid upon the actions
of the "foreign agitator" and the officials.of the U.-M. W. ot A. were most
severely censured through the press.
The article reproduced below froih the
..Mining, Engineering and Electrical
Record sheds a flood of light upon the
doings of a "foreign agitator" who was
NOT a member pt the U. AI. W. ot A,
It is regrettable that Information of
this kind is,not forthcoming earlier
so that the blame for, these troubles
can be placed where they rightly belong. The effect of the Island trouble Ib still very much in evidence In
the localities most immediately affected by the strained relations still existing between individuals in the community.
•The mutual rancor which was engendered by this strike is disappearing very slowly, but we trust that this
expose may have the result ot opening the eyes of many to the machinations which preceded and were the
cause of the outbreak, and that hereafter, before passing judgment upon
the workers, their minds will-revert
back to memories of the doings of the
inner circle of the Canadian Collieries
Co. Limited.
"The coal mining industry of British
Columbia is reaping the whirlwind of
frenzied finance. In 1910 there came
along Sir William McKenzie and Sir
Donald 'Mann, who bonded the Dunsmuir properties on Vancouver Island
fof 1 ra^or,DOirwfieS_t5ey" were "wofEB"
only about half the amount, and as a
matter ot tact had just been under option to, and turned down by, the C. <P.
It. on a. basis of $6,500,000, including
property In-San -Francisco valued at
about $1,000,000. McKenzie and Mann
in turn unloaded the property on the
British Investor on a capitalization
stated in Skinner's Mining Manual to
be $15,000,000 ln 50,000 7 per cent,
cumulative preference,' $10,000,000 In
lOO.ono common shares of $130 encb,
and £2,054,800 5 per cent first wort-
pase gold bon'* of £20, £103 nnd
iC-hP'i each, which were of feral fer
public subscription 1n London in May,
1910, at 95 per cent. Those sums
total a capitalization of $35,000,000. Sir
William McKenzie swore in the Supreme Court at Victoria that of that
huge'capltallsatioon only $3,000,000 was
to be provided as working capital. If
so, Sir William McKenzie, Sir Donald
iMann and their associates pocketted
$21,000,000 on the transaction, less expenses.
The company then catered on a
policy which lias proved ruinous to tbe
property and to the coal mining industry. It appointed W. L. Coulson, a
Pennsylvania mine manager, to Uie
charge of Its affairs. Mr. Coulson
had also made the examination on
which the property was purchased, A
British or Canadian engineer was not
good enough for them, although operating for British capital, and their
even discharged or brought about the
resignation of the engineers who hsd
managed the properties successfully
for years and knew e*tem thoroughly.
There are no better coal mine opera*
tors in the province than I. Matthews
and T. Russell, the managers of tbe
Cumberland and Extension mines, re*
sportively, under Uie Dunsmuirs. Mr.
Coulson, replaced them witb Peqntyl-
vsnla msnagers, several of whon, oa
arrival, taw failure in store for the
concern and resigned alter a short
term ot service.
In aa attempt to earn Interest oo
the bogus capitalisation, the prices for
coal vers raised to Ui* C, I*. R. aad
the public, with the result tliat the
C. p. R. was driven to tbe use of Call*
fornla ell ae fuel. Shipping and several Industrial concerns followed suit,
till how California oil baa (Unplaced
sbont TM-/NW tone of ooal a year on
guard the mines for t-he benefit ot the
little band of Eastern adventurers and
frenzied financiers. The local managing director, A. D. McRae, of Vancouver, resigned ln disgust, and the
resignation of W. L. Coulson, long predicted, soon followed. The English
investors were appealed to -to abandon
their claim to a sinking fund ln order
to enable the $1,500,000 excess expenditure found to exist on *Mr. Coulson's
resignation, to be financed, and the
labor troubles were the convenient excuse.
Now we find notices in the British
financial papers to the effect that op
account of war conditions meetings
of these same unfortunate investors
are called to extend all payments of
interest and sinking fund for another
five years.
Tliis condition of things is a public
scandal. The war has nothing to do
with the company's financial predicament, and it Is a piece of rank hypocrisy that the patriotism of the .British
Investor should be appealed -to under
such conditions. It is time that an
Investor investgated the matter for
himself, punished Ihose responsible
and took steps to recover the amount
which he has lost through dishonest
financing. A British capitalist of prominence informed us that when, the
stocks and bonds in the Canadian "Collieries, Ltd., were offered in (London
they were tied up with the bonds of
the Canadian Northern Railway, guaranteed by the Government of British
Columbia, and purchasers of theBe
guaranteed bonds could only obtain
them by taking along with them a
proportion of the shares and bonds of
the Canadian Collieries, Ltd.
There has been no more Bcandalous
lIaaiadal-tfM*sBot|(ffl^Sit-fisinada-than
C. N. P. FOOTBALL LEAGUE
A meeting of the above League was
held in Michel on Saturday las:. The
following representatives were present: George Smith, Coal Creek; E.
Hooper, Fernie; J. E. Briscoe, .Michel;
J. Cowan, 'Coleman and E. Morgan,
Frank.
Owing to the small number of clubs
being able to run a. team this year,
and.also on account of the'general depression, it was decided to play a series of games between the teams in
Alberta, and a series of games between
tho teams in B. C, and the winners cf
each of these competitions'will meet
on Saturday, July 3rd, In Michel to
play a final game for the League Cup.
It was decided to leave the disposition
of .the 'Mutz and Crahan Cup for the
consideration of the next meeting,
which will be held in Michel, the same
-date as the Final.
The following rules were adopted to
govern for the present session:
"Tliat the matches be played under
English Association Football Rules, excepting in the matter of Transfer of
Players, it being understood and
agreed that a player can only play for
one club, it is also understood and
agreed that all players shall have been
resident in the Crow's Nest Pass one
month prior to July 3rd, the date of
the Final."
Mr. J. E, Smith, Coal Creek, was
elected President, Mr. W. S. Bosworth,
Coleman, vice-president, and A. J. Carter, secretary.
THE BAND* QUESTION
CANADIAN   CASUALTIES
CITY COUNCIL
this. The concern cannot possibly be
made a financial success under present conditions, and instead of extending the payments, the bondholders
should insist oh winding it up, eliminating the Watered capital, and placing
the property under the management
of an honest and capable British or
Canadian colliery manager.
The properties of the company are
valuable within the limits of their coal
reserves, probably worth about a sixth
of. the present capitalization of the
■compnny. As lt ts, a valuable industry has been practically throttled, and
in its throes lt has adversely affected
all other companies engaged In coal
mining. • The advent of -Mackenzie
and IMann Into this industry In British
Columhia has heen the worst blow experienced by the province financially,
and the legitimate operator has had to
suffer for It as well as the British investor, Now that an election ls coming on, It is to be hoped the people
will take the opportunity of expressing their determination to put an end
to the repetition of suoh disreputable
methods of finance in British Columbia.—B. C, Mining and Engineering
Record.
Trt~TB*5_ontskIrEs~onhe city is unie"
suppressed by the. police authorities.
Tlie question Of allowing free use of
room for the Fernle-Coal Creek .Brass
Band was taken under consideration.
, Alderman Barnes broached tbo.-cmes-
tion of Sunday closing of the candy
and Ice cream parlors. Nothing doing
was the consensus of opinion.
A regular meeting of the civic custodians was held in the municipal
building last Thursday, with a full representation in attendance.
J. W. Gray made request for certain
concessions regarding the Steam Laundry and reecived an exoneration of one
months' rent and the monthly rental
placed at $25'per month until the end
of the year.
The manufacture of poisonous gases
We believe that every mau, woman
and child in Fernie enjoys music. That
there is excellent talent in both of the
local bands goes, without saying. If
a community were large enough to support two or more bands it has a most
stimulating influence, because of the
rivalry created. This, unfortunately
is^not practicable, in .Fernie therefore
we hope the members of the two bands'
will realize the importance of getting
together, and by a harmonious amalgamation create a musical aggregation
that will compare favorably with the
best of the large cities. We hope
there will be a good attendance at
Sunday's meeting, a thorough discussion ensiie, and the upshot will be a
unity of purpose effected pleasing to
both performers and public.
The following H a copy of letter addressed to the management of the
Femie-Coal Creek Excelsior Band:
Fernie, B. C„ May 13, 1915.
The President and Committee, Femie-
iCoal Creek Excelsior Band, Fernie.
Gentlemen,—
We would like to meet your body .at
the City Hall on Sunday. 'May 16th,
1015, at 3 p.m., for the purpose of finding some means whereby the two local
bands may be brought together in
peace and harmony to further the ad
vancement of music in this city and
be of greater benefit to the public and
the city.
Yours truly,
T. UPHILL,
SAM GRAHAM,
City,
SHERWOOD HERCHMER,
Fernie .Board of Trade.
Col. J. MACKAY,
Militia.
DANIEL .MCDOUGALL,
J. P. LOWE,,
Fernie Atretic Association.
E. K. STEWlRT,
F. C. LAWE,]
J. W. BENNETT,
A. D. TRITES,
 J. L. GATES,	
Citizens and business men.
It. J. BROWN,
F. DESTABEJLLE,
Musicians not connected with
either band.
A. D. OARRXP,
.....   -•-'"   fernie'City'Band;
Among the names of the latest list
of casualties we note the following
names and believe they were units of
the first contingent which left Fernie:
Lance-Corporal Alex, Paisley Robertson, Kings Lynn, England, formerly of
Hosmer. Wounded and missing. 8th
Battalion.
Pte. Hezekiah Arthur Bryant, of
Tredegar, wounded.
Pte. John Reid, Glasgow, wounded.
Lance-Corporal Frank D. Townsend,
London, gassed and wounded.
A recruiting station ln charge of
Capt. G. G. Moffatt has been opened in
Wood Street next to the Calgary Cattle. Co's butcher shop for the purpose
of furnishing tbe quota of men from
the Fernie constituency to be incorporated in the Kootenay Boundary
regiment, known officially as the ."Uii
llat-allun.
SOX!   SOX!   SOX!
Settlement of Strike
In Eastern Ohio
We are pleased to announce that
this lengthy und bitter struggle has
at last reached a culmination, and
whilst wo have not all the details of
the new arrangement, a mutually satisfactory contract has been drawn up
and duly ratified.
eral that an agreement will be reached
by Wednesday. Following the agreement between the scale committee and
operators, a special convention of the
sub-district will be held lo ratify the
proposed contract.
In ihe meantime everybody is waiting for the "band wagon" parade.
Miners and Operators in Conference-
Both Sides Hopeful That Long
Strike is Nearing End
COKATO 8CHOOL
At last the outlook that the much
needed educational facilities for the
large number of children of school age
in that vicinity is decidedly encouraging, as tho trustees have been informed by the Education Department that
three hundred dollars lias been appropriated towards defraying the initial
exponse of establishing this sorely
needed Institution.
Exports of coal and coke from Great
Britain bave been prohibited.
Mr. J. M. Humphrey, of Calgary,
gave a very Interesting lecture on the
resources or B, C. in the Methodist
Church Tuesday evening. A good
crowd wss ont to hear bim describe
the beauties and wraith of tbe province and to see the 150 fin* pictures
taken by himself which illustrate to
well the mining, agricultural, lumbering and scenic possibilities of this
vast province, Aa unusual feature of
the lecture was the account or a talk
given to tbe Fijian contingent now on
the firing line In France. The erstwhile cannibals were much amused by
hearing a little girl call after them ts
they were leaving Vancouver, "Goodbye, aad be sure to eat plenty ot Germans"
VICTORIA CONSTABLE TRIED
TO KILL THE DEPUTY CHIEF
Pulled Quo, But Trigger Failed to Hit
the Cartridge
VICTORIA. May 11.--Comtable J.
Abbott, of the Victoria police force, ls
under arrest on a charge of attempting
to kill Thos. Palmer, the deputy chief
f the force. Palmer had reprimanded
Abbott for drinking and had ordered
him to turn lu his uniform and go
home, Abbott pulled his revolver and
four times pulled the trigger. It luckily happened thst there was only one
oartrldgo in bis «!x ahooter, and aot
ono of the tour snaps of the trigger
happened to touch thin cartridge.
NO TRANSPORTATION FOR
MECHANICS TO OLD COUNTRY
When.word was sent from the Red
Cross Headquarters that 50,000 pairs
of so-rks were needed—each week—for
the Canadian soldiers alone, the Society here in -Canada decided to hold a
"-Sock Day." Unfortunately the word
came too late for British Columbia to
take part, so wo are to have a "Sock
Day" of our own on Saturday, May
2:2nd. On this day every man, woman
and child in Fernie will have an opportunity to give one, or as many pairs
of socks as each one wishes, and it
is to be hoped tbat the last great west-
era province will be first in generosity.
It is uot too much to expect that those
wlvj stay at home will respond nobly
to the appeal for the soldiers. Socks
may be either hand knit or woven,
which latter may be purchased at any
of 'he store* and turned into the collectors, who will be- stationed at various points on May 22nd to receive
them. Each donor will receive a Re'd
Cross Tag tn exchange for the socks,
The following donations were re
"Cetved~tIrtsrwBelf
.Miss S. Lancaster—2 pair soeks.
Miss A. Lancaster—1 pair socks.
IMrs. Wm. Lancaster—1 pair socks.
A Friend—$2.00
iMrs. J, P. --McDonald—20 yards cotton for.baodagei.     .•'-..., ,   ...
■Mrs. J. S. Irvine-—V-i dozen pillow
cases,
.Mrs. Corsan-—8 sheets.
COLORADO   PROBE   IS   ASKED
Commission  Besought   to   Look
Miners' Grievances  .
Into
By K. C. Adams, in U. M. W. Journal.
CLEVELAND, Ohio— The scale com-
mittee of Sub-district u, representing
13,000 Eastern Ohio striking miners
who have been locked out for thirteen
months are today conferring among
themselves, considering the many propositions submitted by the operators as
a result of-a week's joint conference.
During the past week the miners'
representatives and those of the operators have been meeting day and
night in joint session—ironing out a
concrete proposition which will make
possible a change in the mining sys-j
tern now in vogue to the end tbat. the J
percentage of slack will be reduced
with the adoption of the mine run system of weighing coal.
Thc changes contemplated will consequently prove beneficial to both
miner and operator. For years the
"block mining" system has beeu followed in this field, while the Hocking
and Cambridge fields have enjoyed a
system far less productive of fine coal.
Jltck Roan, state mine Inspector, is
on the job in the role of "peacemaker,"
personally representing Governor Willie, who called the conference,
Reconsideration   of   the   Gallagher
DENVER. May 14.—Au appeal lo the
United Slates commission on industrial
relations to investigate "the system of
prosecution conducted in the courts* ot
Southern Colorado against coal miners
recently engaged In the strike" was
contained in a letter sent tonight to
Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the commission, by the executive hoard of the
Colorado Federation of Labor. A
cojfy of the letter was sent to the e-
partment of justice.
INTERNATIONAL COAL
„ SELLING  AT
SIXTEEN
 p*-"-rWhieh-^eeko-wTTupegiythir"'nrfjre-]—
International Coal and Coke, an erstwhile trading favorite, attracted interest this morning. Two thousand
shares sold at- 16c, which is about
tbe lowest recorded level at which tbe
issue has sold on the local stock exchange, but sales Lave been made at
below that in curb transactions of
some weeks sirct!, and gradually this
stock is doing better now.—Victoria
Times.
EXAMINATION FOR MINING
COMPETENCY
BLAIRMORE CUTS
TIAOHIftt'
SALARIES
KNOX CHURCH, FERNIE
Sunday, May t'i—11 a.m. "All Things
Work for Goad"; 7.30 u-.m,, "The Av-
| wage Man: Wbo Is Her 11.11 p.ra,|
The Blairmore school board bas cut
tbe sslaries of its teachers as follows:
Principal, from fl,S0o to $1,100; first
teacher, from 1930 to |S00; second
teacher, from IWO to $760} third teacher fro* |«5« to tTM; fourth teacher,
rrom Moo to'fftSO;; fifth teacher, from
IDAO to t*5<>: janitor and truant offlctr,
from 11,010 to 1900.
Mike llrennan, or Coleman, whilst on
■ visit n» Ixntl* Moore, of Lethbridge,
bad the misfortune to fall down the
For several months past the press
both of the U. S. and Canada have
glveu great publicity to the f,reported
dearth ot skilled mechanics in the Old
Country, and persistently Intimated
that as measure of relief to the unemployed problem the Canadian government authorities would aid skilled mo-
ctmnics unable to find work to return to Great Britain, where their services were so badly needed for the
purpose of rushing munitions of war.
As an evidence of the small credence
to be placed in these press reports, we
append below copy of a letter addressed to Arthur W, .Morrison, ot
Fornio, and would usk the labor papers to give It prominence and thus)
save some of the workers from indulging in false hopes of obtaining employment:
"Office of the Commissioner of Immigration, Winnipeg, May 7th, 11)15.
"He neturn of Mechanics to Great
Britain
"Sir,—I have received your letter of
the 28th ult., and In reply would Inform you that so far I nave received i
no official notlflonflon that it Is the
Intention of either the Canadian er
British government to arrange for the
re'.nrn of skilled artisans to the Old
Country, and I am under the Impression that there Is no foundation for
such reports as -have been publMei in
the press of this country.
'Your obedient nervant,
(Signed) "J. Bruce Walker,
"Comml»«bt;*3*-."
"Arthur W. Morrison, Pernie. It C."
Tbe Pernio Annex tiehool grounds
consisting of an entire block. Is more
than at present required for playground, and a limited part thereof \*
open to be cultivated by any energetic
cltitens who so de*lr*». Por further
particulars apply lo gtsfretary of
School Board, fttimloy Ofcken.     It. U
Extracts from The Canadian Red
Cross  Society's  Latest Instructions:
iBrltlsh War Office has now request-
ed that only socks and handkerchiefs
be forwarded. Body-belts, scarves
and helmets will not be nestled for
many months to come. Socks a-e
net-ded every hour of the day.
run law, is being held up by Governor
Willis in the Legislature, to await the
outcome of the present conference.
Thus tar the proceedings have been!
harmonious in every particular, considering the strained relationship ot
the past thirteen months.
Little Information has been given
the public of progress made, but every
indication points to a sure settlement.
When The conference adjourned over
Sunday, to meet Monday, both Operators and miners were extremely optimistic over the final outcome.
In fact, the prediction Js now gen-
At a recent meeting of the Boy
Scout Association the folowing resolution was passed:
"That the Association will not bo responsible for debts Incurred by nny of
tho scouts without tho sanction of the
Finance Committee, which consists of
Messrs. Fowler and -MaeDougall. And
that no Hoy Scout be authorised to
solicit money or sell tickets without
tho sanction ot this committee,"
Damage to the extent of $200 was
caused by a fire in the Nnpanee Hotol
which was discovered about 3.30 on
Wednesday morning. The fire originated from a fire-place In the hotel rotunda owing to insufficient thickness
of the fire-place lining, which caused j arc not recolvlng Justice."
Messrs. George O'Brien and Thos.
Williams are conducting the examination for miners' certificates of competency iu the Government Rescue Station this week. There are only thirteen candidates, three for first or
mine manager,' flv6* each Tor second
und third, pit boss and fire boss respectively. The examination for second and third requires two days' session and three for the first. We will
publish the names of the successful
aspirants in tbe issue next following
the announcement by the Department
of Mines,
Charges Judge Against
Labor, Washington, D.C.
Justice Would Subdue the Agitator is
Lawyer's Advice to Probers
WASHINGTON, May 11.—Difficulties of labor In the courts were discussed before the Federal Industrial
Commission todny hy Stephen H, Gregory, a lawyer, of Chicago, 'who de-
dared ihe complaint directed against
the courts must bo looked into, because
"It Is a serious matter for any large
j clnsH of onr oItlien* to fool that thoy
tho tlmbor? within tlio  h.A to ignite
and but for It being'promptly dlscov-
COAL TONNAGE DISPLACED
BY FUEL OIL
In the mont hme of this paper we
gavo tlio figures in gallons of the crude
oil Imported for fuel In.tht- years ISHl
and ItlH, but as thone ittatlstlcs are
not as clearly grasped a* a tonnage
ban!*, the following is the co:U quantities displaced:
IM!     3.1,7 M ton*.
I9U   hUSiUt, lou*.
have been much greater,
Five Iocs! hoyg, who nr* now member* of the V, M. It. training at Pincher
Creek, but who were vlnltlng friend*
mid relative* of this city for a few
days, returned to Pincher on Tuesday
evening. Thi* hoys expect their unit
will be moved to the new training
camp at <'nls«ry about the 17th nf this
month.
Juttits Would Stop Agitation
Mr. -Gregory said smiw of thc com
ered the diimneo would undoubtedly Jjihlnts aplnst tl." toir'u ;iro«j from
prejudiced Judges, whose derisions
were affected by thoir natural antlpa
thy for tlm violence t Urm terUln« In
hor disputes. He discussed the use of
the Injunction in strikes and condemned the summary punishment for
contempt of court of men ohawd with
offe»»e» which ontltlod tliem to a jury
trial.
"Tbm," h<* »:M<1. "bn* boon t% <ominiu
Presentation
Tin* Hlllcrest boys nerving In the
J3tb r, M. It*, »t Pincher Creek, were
the recipients of tt very handsome prelum donated hy the ladle-i of Hltlerest,
and presented by Captain Davies, and
take   this   opportunity   of   publicly
thanking thom.    The i»r»**f»tit consist-
j od of sbtrfi, cock*, and otb-r very use
j ful i,tf**'<nt*      MlndtneM l.*;e this wtll
'»!*.»>* ht-lji the bo>»   to   remember
peregrination*
jt ..«;,.1 C*t*ar.'.r>.
in   the (Hillcrest  during thoir
um m~* .** «<«•• ***** *«*« w*.,mmmmni moom.     Mtmnny, ,.«. *»., wW (f        Al**o*r*ft,*l b* hn<l v.*!,,
411,1 Hi."4-  I'll)  t-1 IJUJjvU'/illt'i)'. k Tll4,'JJ4'li4-,iH-l MViUv*.     HiUMj, «,«'«
ceHar Inflicting such Injuries as neees-J entirely free from stumps and soil ot
n***** ■»,», -,:.**■*.-....•,« i.   r...--*.  V  .."....'.  mtdNMi H^,„it „„„ iui, iKiaicws * til plow
;>inl li-U'j't- ■».
Injustice wblcjl has  rankled   ...   	
*~"" ■ *"■" | iiroimtH of t!w*o mihleot 'o <•. nml jmi*   «'l)l!«l «* rviuif t*h*'r K
OOMEWC iCIENCE iTUOIEt     ily so.     The only ronl sgllstor If In*l- 	
•tnd tht ri-iuiiwii uf uuum ,n .
Bieps were take* to elaborately (*•
«wk«* tbe pttftt ont ft-fstpsfts-n* tor a
business wblch was pop becoming decadent—tho goose tbat Uld tbo widen
«•*»• *mm uu»* **mm*m*m*t* *n* nt*****.
Tte fM-IMOO ot tew eatttat waa
spent, Md W per cent mm besides.
Heavy steel cars wbleb ware too lew
for tbe nine openings gad were wt
eeoaottic to operate, were purchased
fir lotto omnltflm, smf s hop Kino
•PWmw wbwe w iww wt Dew t* mkp-
mm,
: A became aeeesaary to Had nonm op '
torn mm wbleb te feel tbe Bstfsh
investors stm ffrtb*r, end n lnbor
trouble, for wttei tberw inn weftber
T!tt provincial trtuuury tuint   ta
ot dollars to employ specie} police to
Prnynr neeilHf.    Tbur*day, ti p.ai.,
ebolr pmettati, Yen are inortittty w-
filed to worship with as. W, JT. Mtc-
tlV.arrie. B.A., mllnster.
bis be**. An operation wss performed
but sltbougb still all ie his condition is
deemed extremely critical.
A mother's meeting will be held
next Wednesday nt 3.3't p.m,. In tho
ItaKcmoiit of the Knox Church, when
the vublecl tar 4i»cu>w»toti Aiid demonstration are "The msbimr ot «»lnrt*.
tnkes,  and   some   rhubarb
*,ver)<*>-u-4)   ifceu'Ottie.
l* justU
j -vill »ut»du« th«f agitator,"
j tased on Unsound Principle
!    Th< withe** said that under tho com-
. mon la*.trade union* won- UW«l, and i
I ctiM-M    •♦'Mf    1*1*   fflttriitrtrriit    '-ho    »,*.*,-i«
dishes"!doctnlon nt*tn«t Ubnr In ib* T-wtitwir
A. V. WmIUow, of the Fornle Hotel,
I* putting tn 30 f«*t of cement *i4*
*«ik an fito Vlornrlfl   tvni'1  Kjrto of
iii* property.
t   ,* ,.      » ,, •,»
* **       *■ r,i*i
CHLOHINE OA»
lt occurs in nature lo tbe cotnVne 1
state miy, chiefly with sodium se com
non MIL   It It a greenish-yellow gat
1* times ta-avlev tbaft *W, of suitocatt-Un ine subject, as we observed where
tag, Irrltatlag odor, attacking tbe ves-1 ibe cwtttag bad been done the decern
Ir
tions are sedentary find lawn-mowing
aad otber horticultural pursuits a most
invillwatlng exercise. Heretofore we
have regarded tbe dandelion as injurious to lawns, but ofte of Oor < Iti-
seas evidently bas different opinions
James tAwmter* m*m*t*r ot »bej
Platbead Trading Co., Corbin. was a
Fernie vlMtor Monday last. |
Mr. Oeorge Kills, customs officer at
Michel, who bas been on tbe sick list
for severs! weeks, resumed bis official
duties on Monday last.
J, t. Mcintosh, ot P*rni*. nttpoVetl
during bis colleague's sickness.
pliaUMy orstM*)** and producing wben
labeled la samelent «*aatftlaa ttyosp
tomn ot pneumonia,
Charity is but aa effort to eormt
tbe evils earned by aa Uaperftet aoefai
ayitUuk    iUk* Um tout newer *tt pew-
PPP  H*Wi  MWn   WW!   •!  ^W  MM   PP ^»
pells to cstrh tbe drip.
tstion of the yellow newer bad been
arest eedebwely avoided.
Tbe world Is ia a conspiracy
against tboughL Moet bare t» work
eo tba? caaaot tblnk; others dissipate
tai Mtow-M* en xttwy eannot tbtak; and
aa«M pottf m otor aweertafntiee tbst
they csaaot think.
MJcboi Hetei lecMree Poll Licence
We sre informed tbat Mr. K. Eotnr-
brook, ftiio rec-ratl? took over tbe
tmttbml Hotel, bee *mrnr*4 n till l-tywor
liewaa* wbleb wmt into *ff**t on
Tuesday lasL Tbere will bt a grand
opening night with dance, date to be
| announced later.
A RATHER LENGTHY AODRItt
Word  -hflt  fc-f.i-n   rort-lfn-l  'iim.   ,.f.,r.f
Canadians taken prisoners at Lang*-
morck tbst those desiring information
about missing friends should «ddre»s
their letters of Inquiry ut follows;
Die Abteilung fur Krtegsgefangenefur
sorg»,
Zentraikomitte des Deutsche Vereins
vnm ro**n  Kraut
AtigoordMMnlMBs, Berlin.
Print Albreobstrasse Obergoacbos*'
Inlormstion tt requested regarding
Oi* 'whrmhtmn et Joseph 3letiboti*f
fttat b*tnf tmm nit* motitl" xgu w&ct;
be waa working at Bellevue. lead
replies to Mv* J. HeJpaib, MloVi»», or
ta tbls oflfc#.
Manor*' oa-ne to be twnt*»d, "not upon ntsmnnr tttoio nixoil from *!« T.'tMhmltt
false legal theory, hut upon an un-S tragedy, but It I* feared th.it Mr Tho*
**>iunl prli.t-jpio from tin? vt***«p*omt of \ lAmtwnmo and wife, of Mletiol, are
sociology." ' | amonaitt th-* many wbo found n w.itery
Hurl't-r it 'ht* rfjtv *ht* vf,-T?"T"'««!'i'"   f--"i«?f>
h-fsrd Tir  A. J. McKcJwar, southern!      f       --■-— -■—-
weretary of tho national child Isbor ■ IJugone Scharr, aha ,* ti-atpuMrily
romnriMee, wbos&ld roMon mKltiOf th*jtn charge of tht- Oram! Union Hotot.
south wen* "lh«- chlof opponoal* ofj Frank, motoivd In to Kernie on Wed-
child labor roform legislation" I neaday lssf,
Th* i ommisslon exix>ou tomorrow to —. «•*——■ *
\.*,*t V.V.'.Um 1U,*.«..1,   he*,!  ..}   ino;    MfcTHOOIgT CHURCH, FERNIE
Industrial Workers  of  the World  -i ———
t-H>i>k*-»n.M->it Hem.**. Haoday,    %tay    tft?!-**!l  »«■»., "Tho
«__.„-_—...««.„«_.., | vain* of Hard Uss-wr; 7,*> p*»„, "Tk*
Tb*   c-MB-ont   plant   st   tK*iraore,s Miasioaary Adf*s**."     Th* KpsorlJi
whioh hss beon working spS'-uttodtoaUy , I>a*«e aod prnyer meeting milt unite
fur this weok with tbo fteptiit* aad
Pmbyteriaift* In union Ernntellstl**
*t*r*tt*e*. rtwHr $rni*urt> Friday lit
8 pm. Rat* of borne rooking Rsfirr-
iiiy l.Mh. at 3 p.m. 0 M Pertajr, pes*
nor
tor *om<» time past, and by *o doing*
Im on tb# means of elrcuUUn* a iittle
U*4l imtn**r.n Ut tU<*i -*mi*. t* -»s|<*«te4 -
to suspend operattoas tor aa ladefl-i
nlto period ar fhe end of fh*» current
week, ° *• h
-    **    ¥-_-;*   ~ '■*'   v
I
. ;,+ =~     • y.t,
"   n    **
V-     ■f->j'    vt    f      V   J\J,>~™   ■*." Vj",' -     -/„;;     , "O?   t*"P   ^
<*    *
FAGB T^O
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FEBNI^B. C, MAY 15,1915
Socialism and War
Some Probable Effects of the War
I*
II
If*
H -•
I
Is
(:
By  Morris Hillquit
El
An event of such overwhelming magnitude as the present war cannot pass
without leaving deep footprints, ip the
history of the human race. -Tfoe war
has suddenly suspended all accustomed
pursuits and thoughts, all problems
and struggles which have made,,up the
economic, political, intellectual and
moral life of Europe.      *  -
It has created new conditions and
advanced new notions and Ideals, a
new spirit ancl new alignments; It
has caused a violent break in the entire fabric of human civilization. Old
Kurope lies shattered under the iron
heel of the infuriated god of war. A
new Kurope, a new .world will be
created from the broken fragments
after the war ■ is ■ over. What is this
wew world likely to be?
The question opens a wide and alluring field of speculation, but it
would be futile to attempt a comprehensive answer at tliis time. The
direct results of the war will largely
depend on its duration and outcome,
its ultimate effects may not be revealed until many years after this
great world conflict will have passed
into history.,
Hut while any detailed analysis of
the effects of the war on human progress must be left to posterity, it is
not beyond, the realm of the possible
to forecast to-day in Bold and broad
outlines some of the most immediate
developments which are likely to follow the war. Particularly so if we
choose for our starting point not the
speculative* sphere of politics, but the
*olid ground of economics. The main
economic effects of the war may be
foreseen with tolerable clearness, and
in tlie long run economic conditions
-will determine the general direction
of the social, moral and political developments in the future as they have
in the past,
Tlie economic structure of modern
Kurope is not likely to be destroyed
as a result of the war, no matter how
long the" war may last and what rav-
a^os it .may inric, upon'.the imra-edrnte
industrial processes. The ec.otiomlc
power of the advanced nations of our
time is not represented so much   by
Modern  civilization   is  indestrueti-, just ment   of   forces   and    relations.
ble because it js built on the solid
basis of a universal, practically worldwide, industrial system. The civilizations of old Greece and Rome and the
more ancient Asiatic civilizations perished because of their isolation from
the rest of the world. They were;
mere oases in the general wilderness
of barbarian life, and ultimately succumbed to the physical forces of thoir
inferior surroundings
izations of England, Prance, Germany, Austria and even Russia are
practically Identical. The difference
between them is one of shades and
degrees, but not of substance. TUiey
are all based on modern capitalist
economy. The war may change the
physical map of Europe, It may shift
geo-cfraphical boundaries and establish new national or political alignments, but it will not change the general mode of existence of the people
or the nature of modern civilization.
It will not even cause a very violent
break in the fundamental economic
life of any country, victor or vanquished.
Stupendous as is the dally economic
waste of the war when expressed in
monetary values, the future of the involved nations is not threatened with
complete economic paralysis. After
all, the actual theatre of hostile operations is limited to comparatively small
areas of the' European continent. The
vast interior of Russia, the greater
part of France and practically the entire territories of England, Germany
and Austria proper remain untouched
by the direct and physical ravages of
warfare. In these sections of the belligerent countries agriculture and the
most basic industries will be continued
on a. somewhat crippled scale even during the war. The concluding of peace
will not find tlieir population absolutely naked and starving. The dismantled factories, mills and shops
will eventually be repaired. The
wheels of industry will be set in motion again. Manufacture and commerce will revive, and with them wj]l
revive all the conditions, features and
results of the ante bell'im system of
production: the greedy capitalists'
race for profits, the exploitation of
workers, the acute social problems in-
dissoluhly connected witu the system
One of the first results of this process
will be the merging out ot pounjtless
independent economic units. ' " The
?nvill laanuiacturer or merchant who
has precariously managed to maintain himself against the superior vitality of his capitalist rival,'will in a
number of cases find himself totally
exhausted hy the war and unable to
continue the unequal struggle. He
But the civil- i will be absorbed by the large-scale
producer or dealer, and sink to the
level of a salaried employee or wage
worker. Consolidation of industries
aud concentration of capital will be
the order of Uie day. Europe will vie
with the United States in the development and extension of industrial and
mercantile trusts. European capital
will enter upou - the last lap of its
race.
And labor?
European labor will face the greatest crisis in history during the period
of Industrial readjustment following
the war. In Germany, .France, Austria and Russia the vast majority of
able-bodied workers have been taken
from their shops, factories and other
places of work, and sent to the front.
Their jobs are not watting for them.
Xew jobs will be created slowly. In
the first period after the war each
nation will be practically a nation of
unemployed.     The condition will, of
as'Socialism'wi.li grow nationally it
will reestablish its international ties.
What is generally termed the Socialist International stands .for a
complexity'of:ideas" and ^institutions,
whose; main-elements may be summarized under the following heaaa:*
1. The iaentity of aims and methods of the Socialist parties of all
countries.
2. The. practical cooperation of the
Socialists and organized workers of
all nations" iu' their every-day political
and economic straggles.
3. Their" common faith in the eventual obliteration of national boundaries, their common ideal of a free federation of nations.
4. The concrete international or
ganlzatlon of the Socialist movement
represented by the International Socialist Bureau with headquarters in
Brussels (now temporarily transferred to The Hague) and by periodical International Socialist conventions.
None of these features is likely
to be seriously Impaired as a result
of the war. The Socialist program,
must remain international in character, because it will continue to voice
the same general demands all over
the world, after the war as before
the war—the abolition of .private
ownership in the social Instruments
of-wealth production and the reorganization of the industries on the
basis of collective ownership and
democratic administration. The Socialist policies <and methods of action
must likewise remain International,
for they always will be rooted in the
economic and political struggles of
I the working classes,
j The practical International cooperation of the organized workers of Eu-
course, be gradually relieved, but the j rope has always found a stronger ap
chaiices are that the relief will be plication in their economic struggle^
slow and incomplete. It Is bound to than in their politics. This may be
take a considerable time before nor-' readily accounted for. Political ac-
mal conditions will be reestablished , tivity is by its nature circumscribed
in the industries of Europe, and wide- j by the boundaries of the autonomous
spread unemployment may continue, political unit, the country. Tlie re-
even long after   the   reestablishment, stricted spheres of international poll-
~Tcauy, accumulates wealth in rare-shape* ■*»—P"-vave-eoiijp*ctitiv*e""industries "31107
of hoarded up consumable products,
as hy their superior Instruments and
methods of wealth production. It Is
not the gold in the nation's vaults, nor
even the harvested crops In its storehouses, nor its stock of clothing, fuel
and other ready necessaries of life
that make up Its true wealth, it Is
rather its industrial system: the factories, mines and mills equipped with
Improved machinery and organized on
scientific principles; thc system of
railroads, steamboats, telegraph and
telephones; the use of steam and electricity and al the superior modern methods of production,, transportation
uUtribution and exchange.
Tlw accumulated commodities aro
the leapt important item In the budget
o( national wealth. If the entire
stock of consumable goods in a cou.i-
try as rid* as the United States wore
■'t-struyed hy ono sudden blow, U
would prebably not take tbe nation
mon, Until one year to repair tie
waste.
Tho 'machinery of work ts of vastly
greater Importance In thc economy of
modern national wealth than the accumulated products, hut It Is likewise
not Ihe controltiiiK faotor. ln the
normal process of production the life
of tli<> average plant Is figured at
about ten years. In every ten-years
period tho physical foundation of our
Industrial «ys|em ts completely replaced and rebuilt. Jt could undoubtedly bt* 'rumored in a much *boncr
period If It should be suddenly and
completely destroyed.
Tho fctroiii-ttli of modem Induatry
iloon uoi io*t .on -a phyaiCMl basis, ll
Is centered In ma n'» mastery of tho
natural force* and In the development
and application of scientific methods
In production and exchange. It Is
thii great antiunion of modern sen-
orations which constitutes the »ub-
stanoo of human civilisation and this
.lo-quUiiinn cannot bo annihilated hy
sny tuiddt-n phyalesl rata»trophe, even
if j' itii-Miiiies Ihe inaanlUidt- rtiid tlii
lence of the present war.
of normal  conditions.      The  general
process  of  industrial   reorganiaatlon,
will probably introduce more perfect \
types of machinery and other labor-
saving  devices   and   displace  many
thousands   of  workers,   and   besides,
tics, diplomacy and wars, are as a
rule wholly withdrawn from the control of the people,
radically different in the field of
modern economics. The principal industries of  our  time have  assumed
the workers returning- from the bat- international proportions, not merely
tlefiehl will be greeted by hosts of in their general character, but in
new competitors. One of the effects actual organization and practical op-
of depleting the principal countries of eration. The great banking and in-
Kurope of their male workers has dustrlal interests of the modern coun-
been to press women into industry ttr' tries are closely allied In ownership,
over great numbers, /Under the The modern market is a world market,
lash of necessity the women of France Capitalism has long broken down all
and Germany have invaded numerous', national harriers and tthe moneyed
fields   of   industrial   activity   which interests have consolidated their be-
of man more speedily and effectively
than a million tloquent but -abstract
sermons on/that subject. The great
modern nations w"?re not pieced together from the scores of insignificant
sovereignties through a suddenly
awakened national patriotism but because bfr 'the centralization of the
-growing industries and their demands
for larger elbow room and markets.
The .national territories and governments of Europe are in turn "becoming too narrow for the new international phase of industrial development, and just as sure as the numerous- European principalities, dukedoms and kingdoms of the middle of
the last century gave way to the modern unified' nations, so will the latter
make - room within a short period of
time to some working form of a
federation of European nations. The
international ideal of Socialism will
thus gain an ever stronger material
foundation, and tor this ""reason ,an
ever growing concrete expression.
The soul o-f the Socialist International is thus bound to emerge from
the  ashes  of the  war strengthened
and purified.   Will the form survive?
This , is .neither very- certain nor
very* material.     Unquestionably the
wholly abnormal position   in ' which
the Socialists ot Europe find themselves In this fratricidal war is apt
to cause some personal Irritation and
bitterness among them.     So far the
Socialists engaged in the war have
shown a most remarkable spirit   of
mutual  understanding  and  forebear-
ance.   dt is impossible to predict what
situation may be produced if the war
should continue much longer.     The
sense of irritation may become acute,
and on the other hand a new turn of
the war may alienate the Socialists
from their governments   and    bring
them together in common opposition
to the continuance of the war.    It is
also quite likely that the combatant
Socialists will present a solid front
as soon as peace negotiations will begin.     In the latter event the present
International  Socialist   Bureau   may
serve as the medium of renewed international Socialist   unity,   and   the
The situation is physical organization of the Socialist
International   may   be  fully   rehabilitated.     All   theso   are   matters   of
speculation   which   the   near   future
will solve.     But what seems to me
absolutely incontrovertible is that the
Socialist movements of all countries
will survive the war and retain their
inherent international character, and
that, sooner or later the impact and
enthusiasm of the  common struggle
will infallibly unite them again.   The'
Socialist International may change its
form, but international Socialism  is
Local Union Directory; Dist. 18jB «M,W. A
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Mset first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall. Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club gall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
-UW^MMJMjLim^
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   In   Crahan's  Hall.
Stck Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
PARK LOCAL
'   • No. 1387
Meet every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael, .Warren, Sec, Can-
nore. Alti.
HILLCRE3T LOCAL
No. 105*8
Meet second and-fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.
COLEMAN LOCAL
,.    No. 2633
- Meet every alternate Sunday at
.2.30   p.m.   tn   the' Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnston, Sec.
  «	
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second ahd fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p-m.
tn Slovak HaU. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg. Alta: ' .
BURMIS LOCAL
No'. 949 "
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month' at 10 sum.
ih School House. Burmis.-No Sick
Society.—Thos. G, Jjtarrtea. See.,
Passburg, Alta.
i
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
9 '  '-"-*■'NO. 2829"   ""'      '
Meet every' first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a,ro. In
Union Hall. Maple. Leaf. No Sick
Society.—ThoR.  G,
PAKft'burg, Alta.
Harries, Sec,
TTeretofoT-TliavFTieein^^ inter"
exclusive domain of men, and it' national business pool. International
has largely Increased theia numbers capital has in turn created an inter-
In the occupations Into which they had | national labor market. In modern
been admitted prior to the war. If, production the workers of all coun-
the war continues long enough lt«' tries are pitted against one another
conclusion will find the women well- almost in the same manner as tho
trained and efficient In their new call-. workers of all countries are pitted
Ings, They will need their work and ] against one another almost in the
wages all the more that many of tliem : same manner as the workers of differ-
wil 1 be deprived of their "male sup-) ent sections of the same country, and
ports or have to support their male the competition between the workers
relatives made jobless through the j of all nations Is largely Intensified by
war. They will work for less pay; the constant stream* of migratory la-
than the men and their employers will' bor. The organised worker engaged
willingly retain them in preference \ In an advanced industry begins to find
to their husbands and brothers. j it difficult to maintain labor standards
Many of the soldier-workers, tens j on a natlonnl scale. Ordinary wisdom
or perhaps hundreds of thousands, «nd economic foresight- Impel him to
weapons or the workers for their ,wm retum trom Uie battlefield j organize Internationally as well as na-
MtriiggieH against the evil effects of maimed nnd crippled, permanently in-J tlonally. It Is thus by no means
mat -system. The labor unions, co- raimcltated for work. All working a mere accident that the last twenty
operatives nnd Socialist parties of (timmet wH, probably exhaust their;years Imve wltneieed the birth and
Kurope will no doubt be heavily Im- 1)tUc gav|ngg( particularly If tbe war; growth of numerbua International la-
laats much longer. i bor tinlona.
Thus the workers of Europe will j The war will not check the growing
face a condition of unparalleled mis- j Internationalism of either capital or
nnd destitution for ot least an j '^or. Hather »JU U etintulat* and
appreciable period of time after the' accelerate the developments of both.
war. Their old struggles for eco-j TO* *«»"* aubatance ot the war Is tha
1 nomie relief and social justice will be ■"«*<>" of International capitalism
forced upon them aa soon as peace |8i against national boundaries and re.
established.   The general intoxicationj atrlctlons.   All natlona engaged in thl*
above all, the economic and political
struggles of the workers.
The war has suspended the Industrial class conflicts in Europe only in
so far as it has Interrupted Industrial
life. It has united the antagonistic
classes only for the purpose of common national defense. This uniou
will not outlive its object. With the
cessation of the armed hostilities between the nations, the less ostentatious but more fundamental differences between the classes of each nation will reassert themselves.
And just as the war will not obliterate the physical machinery of the
modern Industrial system of Europe,
so will It not destroy the physical
paired by the war iu spirit and |»ower.
Hut the general structure will remain, and like the system of the Industrial machinery It will he rebuilt
und reanimated by the necefnlticR of;"'.,
the situation.
It l» ante to predict that the organ- j
Izations of the workers will bc moro
effective   after   the' war   and   their
TmperlshabTe.—Metropolitan.
PREPARING WAY FOR
IMMIGRATION
INFLUX
Salvation Army Official Begins a Tou**
ef the Dominion
struggles more Intense than ever be-
fore.
For while the industries of the
belligerent countries will ultimately
recuperate from the ravages of the
*ar, thc process of recuperation Is
bound to be painful. Between the
termination ot the wnr and the resto-
or war enthusiasm wtll be succeeded
by the inevitable feeling of disillusionment and irritation. And these
struggles will develop a wider scope
and a mora Insistent and radical purpose because the workera will return
war are fighting for. a place in the
world market, even though the bulk
of the fighters honestly Idealise the
atrusile Into one of principle, Whatever tbo general economic effects of
the war may be, It wilt almost cer-
t-ilnly mml* In urenter IntornaMonal
from   th*   battlefields   with,   «. twin ger
„„.„„   . . , , , .clnlm* apon tho oroploylng   classes j liberty of motion for Industrial capt
ation of normal tronomtc and .oclalj^,,||w R0VPrnm#lt, aB/wUh lmwdeP|tal.
jvlsion*   of   their   Iromedlste   social I    The  International  of capital  will
.uii.!»;.uiu, liy* a period of udjuiti-
ment'' of Indefinite length, a period
of Htruirule and ttr»««, which wilt
vitally afteet the position of capital
and tho conditions of labor alike,
for thn' i'apltallsta of Kurope the
procen* of rehabilitating tbe Indua*
trlet will be somewhat akin to the
period of awakcmlng after an acute
iwl t«n*-contlnwd Induttrlcil tie-
l*r<-*»iou. it aill mean § reoraatiiita
tion of planti and Industries, •• **ad
MONTREAL, May 10.—With fore-
thought of peace and on a mission vitally concerning the soldier when the
war shall be over, Colonel Joseph
Hammond, International representative of the Salvation Army, was In
Montreal yesterday on tho beginning
of a tour of the Dominion, which Is to
last all summer, and to extend from
coast to coaat. "Wo are looking
ahead," Col. Hammond said, "and we
want to have the job for the man.
About the man for the job there will
be no difficulty."
The problem ot a tremendous Increase in the number of men wishing
to emigrate, which is expected to arise
as soon as peace shall be declared, Is
now bolng faced, and Col. Hammond
Ih one of the scouts, as it wero prospecting. He will see men in federal
provincial and municipal authority in
order to prepare the way for the Influx of Immigration, lie la following
up the steps taken by Commtaelcner
Lamb, head ot emigration department,
who came to Canada In January.
Karl Qrey it interested In the scheme
and it Is hoped by tbe army to obtain
a grant from the Imperial war fuad
of $50,0<KI,000 to cope by meant or a
■ eoni»pew,tlve empire «rhe«,p with tt.#
conditions of unemployment tbat nre
looked for at the conclusion of the
war.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
t-JO. 2227
Moet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  Sec.  Box
10S, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in ,*ho Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank" Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead. Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
meet every Sunday ln Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, P. Barringham; President, Duncan McNab.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric HaU, 3pm —John
Loughran, Sec
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Tuesday evening
at 7.30, in Miners'1 Hall, 12th
Avenue North.—Robt. Peacock,
Sec.-Troas., Box 24.
 •	
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. .431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in   the   Socialist   Hall. -*- James
Burke,   Sec,,   Box   it,' Bellevue,
Alta. ■
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in the Club HaU.    Sick
Benefit Society    attached.—R.
Garbett, sec, Corbin, B.C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
.No, 3020
Meet  every Sunday afternoon,'
2.30,   at  Boarding1  House,     Sick
ahd   Accident   Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sunday after each pay
day, 3 o'clock, In Miners'. Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
B. Morgan, Secretary.
\eitt»\tf&t<i,xm,ri»iitiniMiGr*&i,Xf»*iTf
THE CANADIAN BANK
—e^GGMMERGE-	
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODQB YOUR
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
  fOR rURTHER MTORMATION APPLY TO
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
Imperial Bank of Canada
HfcAO OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up. .17,000,000       Reserve Fund ... .$7,000,000
PELEQ HOWLAND, teq„ Prtildsrt   ELIAt ROGERS, Esq, Vlct-Pne.
BRANCHES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, fcranbrook, Pernio, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Van couver, Victoria.
SAVINQS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on tfepotlta et e»rrent rate frem Sate af deaeeit.
FBRMB BEANOH A.M. OWBVMafiiftr
essas
sp
rights. j reunite the shattered International ofj   (The above Information Is decided-
The war hat produced many radical I l**>or. *»d aa the former grows the t ly Interesting. After the wer la over
and startling aortal dtrelopmenU. bond* between tho latter will develop! we must expeet a large Influx of lm-
I'ndcr the stress of natlonnl danger even greater cohesion and Integrity, j rolgranta, .We know well enough
the individualistic system of national The International growth of eco-! now that the war ts on unemployment
economy, oated oa prlrate ownertlilp wimle latereita will usher In the fed-j is rire everywhere. Thon !• ararjr
of public nwonsltlea. has utterly col- j^mtlon of nations and the brotherhood reason to believe It would   be   ttlll
Jl'WH!111
List of Locals District 18
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$114
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tie* x*r Ctwuk i. ■Uttwitrntt. Iknttir L'rmk, vl* I'iacfcer, AUa.
.., lamm Itnrfc#,, Hoi V.* H#H#vw».. AUa*
...... Wat. Archer, Hlalrnwrt. AIU
 f. (If Hafflee, Paeebnn, AHa
  MtkwMM, **.*»ys,«%**wt, Kma*»***m, m„m,
 Michael Warren. Canmore. AMa
....... J, JkuhMtea*. Coleman. Alu*.
 R. Otrbitt. Corbie, n.C.
  r SwsaMon. Chinook Mlnea, Comateree, Alt
 .Thoa MAtli. Pernio, A C.
 ttmrt Mormo, fntalr. Attn*
 Mack itigler, IliUeteet, Alta
,*    1!   paifiarti,  f*r»V ••». I.*»)>VW*h|#,   Ut.t
JftptSk tburtu&om, OoaJfetawt Alt*.
.T. u. ffAnfaa. Paeebert, AKa.
, FMduir4 ■Nttf-aw Miafcel. B. C
Paa*ir*r«... T. O. H«nk«, Peeebwrg. AIU.
■m ii fc ■ mi ft    mgm^,9^^tm^    ***lfefc<-Mk    At**
TvWOr..,, ,,,,,*,.,,,.,- *.■ w^tltmt^^m, toam*), AJtua.
nmmrpmfeam, Cnnmmr* ., wnr Ittttp**, Hmtirt*tr*mn
Brateae Mlaee ......
tWUnne	
Blairmore....
flurmie..,—
C«n»or». ...
Coleman	
Chinooh Mine*	
Pernie *
Pnnlr.  ...
Hiltcfoet............
Ijfbp-rilgn
IMbbrAoo OoUcrke
Mapki Loaf -
lapaed and haa yielded lo the tap-prior
)»wlrtlUU< conception ef collective con-
jiroi and om,    T*e government of
{Prance haa hy eiecntlre decree nttt-i
I pantett xb* payment of rent fori an In* i
i dpf'tilie tlw*     Temporarily at lest! It ■
| ba* the* tnhen the lead from the ooa-
?ro! of the land own In* elatt and turn-
, wl It bnvk to »h# people.     The tier-
I miu governm»n\lMit r)N|ii.UUIan«(t tha
I entire food anpply of tbe country ead
l nm uiiiietuKre tne um ot ntnitiWi-
. n.i. It  .l.UUU* 4,W   111.4*-*.»>...»«..»  «I.V.i,4.>l>4 I
j to ihelr Bf»d«. inauaetaWt titie*
'*»! timo* %»*» tw«#Hf*f|*i ttrmpm-
jhfftttre tytiem* ot inantHpal relief.
} White tboip radical innovation! are In-1
■.•*»«» *na>t m* <tmm.pwt*if * met * mon
nmtn, Ike eoadltieae wM-dt bave led
to tbelr mtrodeetloa wilt (arrive tbe
war, and tba attaaMpt ta abrogate
litem wilt ntrenmrily meet witb etraag
IMpotar opposition Tbe practical op-
entttm ot the** *m*nr*lt*r mmmm**
will tare rnrrml to daapaetrete tbo
1rr>m*il1i*'* f*l*th1tf1T 'it ***b '?!■* mot*?
j m-djoft] iooutntn in tite ItootnlAt pn*i
I cram 1
I   Tb* tooAAen* totmo of  ewmoeale \
j oeewaatt-f,   aepwlar    eewtlmtat    and
' jwwwirai *flnmwetfattaa arftt Drat ia-
mrPublf   ttftmrtttm  to  ttrmnpfbrnn tbm
..ita. Be mnbat. SutOmpt, «Sa Kotky Upaatala .(aatfeitM meimiet md lba BMteNet
Tloate. Alherta. '''atianiiattoaa tn eaei eetta*t».    Ai4
! were* bad aot eo many gone to tbe
■ I front to earn a dollar by taking a
ehance at being ihat to piece* rather]
tbaa by tba elower practee of dying br |
j lac*et. The baelaeee eewmen of ifcle;
-Salvation Army labor toot eannot be >
denied, Oa the religion* belleft ofj
tblt body we bare nothing to aay, but'
when tbelr agenta talk aboet elding in j
hrlnaliif out more people when the!
etack aa band la ae large that It can-
ini ntnpoom ot. taeii m m
II        A A 88sm1864
Home Bank Canada
Haad Of floe, Toronto Jamea Ituon, Ckaanl Manaftr
Braacbai sad eonnactiooi thfbtt|bo«t Otasda
Kvery Chartereil Hank waleom-m Iho depoaitor who oomee
with a dollar o -o\mt a navipn acrount. terattse thr wealth
ui the hank* and the credit «>f tho wmntrj^ deftenda largely
upon thr thrift of lb* peoplr.
»Manager
4.f.
VtOTQRtA AVIn
f
.i-m-4 nam* iiUmn *** ni**** *» ^-*» *.
atop to farther t ktimlaatio*, eo matter i
wlMfll   Hmtitt tt   i».*«i'
| Title tadtrtdwal Hammond la to traret,
\tfonx renit to roaat In order to fln^,
Mat oat    tr it vara pbflaat-kropy»
or tbe welfare af bl* feliaw4Miagi tbat t
Mtaetad bim la bl* lobar* ooo waati ■
eipm tbat taatbad of taaMag op Iola;
I for • preepeetlve Immlgreat bla arta*i
I ntmn wemhl bo t» tmtmoimr lit tm wort'
jfar aome ef tbe tbommade who b«fw|
htnar,  ptmvlmnatv Hiwntflit    wmMttr   tb*'
'•mute nutploen and are »«w tnmVIn to.
| get lob*.    Wtth lu bmaebM an orer!
ttbot wortd there aaa ba Mjasewee «f>f
i. tenet tnoa-rbbmttaonPmmnt.OmotmA.1
m -wiwwtpp^o  ww**^^^* ^m^^^^p ^pmmwmr^^aww^am www wmam* w^^mnmottr^. m
i-fl-BWfiP y-wwWMWHKIfc, wMIV t^QtPMof mVII■'
^ that eaelfd tettmate -ttetnto tbo paHot"*
ewlHaed. an etlttol meitiefilleaa b*-,
ttttottootltn m biek-ttrmt—tU.) f
■
'wmmommmmm
MBBMHOOrSL
Are You Going to Europe?
See tho -Great Northarn Agent. He ran arranw your rait
not) attmuuklft hoolliut AVi>r ony lino >'o uwlah to travel
rtieeply ami ^nwiity. - faaarafwr*train lor wain ttm loorm
Fernie 1030. Paaaenfer from main Una arrivea 9JSOaw.
Train daily except 8amley*. We mmnott with O.N.PJ.8L
hnata, Great Northern and N'oHhern Paeir«e at Portland
and San Fraoeieeo aad tke Fair.
and FRRlfmT *mwnM« to all
point*.
^Ao '^-m>  ^mw^mm^mwjf -^H^mVtWwy  mtw-'mtmtmmf
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X
THE DISTRICT LEDGER; FERNIE, B. C„ MAY 15,1915
FACIE TEHEE
By Walter Llppmann
With a world war going on, it seems
1 rather finicky to talk ahout violence in
iabor disputes. When', the well-fed
and fli-o educated, the devotees of
week-end parties, and the guardians
of law and order, use violence on the
scale whioh it is now being used in
Europe, what importance can there be
in the little souffles that arise out of
strikes? If it is justifiable to drench
a continent in blood because Russia
wants. Constantinople- or Austria
wants Salonika, what sincere answer,
what answer free from hypocrisy, is a
•Kin to make to the workingmen who
want so desperately to secure a living
wage? Certainly the answer must be
something more than a mumbling
platitude about violence being against
ike law. Certainly the loast that can
be expected is an honest effort to
analyze and understand.
But tliat Is not the easy thii? to do.
Indeed, people who know a greot deal
about strikes often say that you cnn
I-facty-cally never trust the accounts of
f:u>m that you hear. This Is uot so
mudi because newspapers deliberately lie, though, to state It mildly, they
have been known to putv a certain
amount of paint and powder on their
stories. It Is because the most lm*
portant truth, about a strike ls often
not told till after it ls all over, or because the valuable truth is often difficult to recognize.     ' -*
I had the good luck in one of the
recent big struggles to know the leader. He is a man regarded all over
the ■ country as an advocate of violence. When he arrives at the scene
of a strike, the police begin, to look
abou* nervously and the newspapers
lay in au extra supply of red ink. The
public generally pictures him as a man
who spends his whole time trying to
lash workingmen into a tary, as a professional agitator bent on making aa
much trouble as possible.
But I happened one day to he talking with two or three of the younger
strikers, and I learned that they dtd
not love their leader very much. The
leader was afraid of violence. "He's
-an old stuff," said one of them. "A
regular Civic Federation guy," added
another. I asked the leader what
this meant "Why, you see," he explained, "we've got a flno bunch of
young radicals on our hands, and tley
 K_ant_*a_ataJEt_aQiastfeSagi—Pve-bees-
steylng up nights holding their hands,
■ii
and giving- thOm soothing syrup, and
telling thein that if they want to ditch
the strike, all they need, to do is to
start something." This was not.in
the' picture of the revolutionary laboi;
leader as drawn several times a day
in newspaper extras. "Isn't it your
own fault?" I ashed. "Don't you
threaten and shake your fist, and call
the bosses wolves, and Mnt around at
a sort of Trench Revolution?" He
looked at me as one too young to be
abroad without a chaperon. "Of
course I do," he explained patiently.
"I have to. It's good to throw the
fear of God into this town, but that
Isn't the .only reason- why I talk the
way I d<x If I came along with a lot
of soft-soap, how many days do you
think I could keep this crowd together?
I've got to go just far enough to make
the reddest reds believe I'm honest
and with them. Otherwise they'd
start to run things themselves, and
the Ud would blow up. As it is the
only thing they shoot off is their
mouth." •
I learned a number of stranger
things as time went on; for example,
that tho revolutionary leader was
quietly sending some very statesmanlike advice to the police, telling them
what not to do lf^hey. wished to keep
the crowd from breaking loose. He
had been in scores of strikes, and he
knew more about the problem of "outward order and dencency" than did tho
old hack of a police commissioner, to
whom strikers were simply wicked
foreign devils, very much like the goblins whom he'd heard of in his childhood. I learned, too, of the agonies,
the debates, the hurried committee
(meetings, the telephoning, the sweaty
arguments, In which my friend worked
to keep the extreme militants from
ruining the strike. He had seen violence Bast and West and he knew how
disastrous it was. Disastrous to his
own cause, mind you, for he had no
other scruples and recognized no other
law.
This does not mean that there were
not forms of violence wliich he regarded as necessary. ' lii said -quite frankly: "No strike of any importance was
ever won in which something wasn't
said to frighten the scab." There, of
course, he went to the very heart of
the question, to the Issues that must
be analyzed and understood If strike
violence is to be handled with some-
thing-besfuerTBimirtie^ety^aia^ma-
chine guns/
In order to win, the men have got
to prevent the strike from being broken. This means that the non-unionist must be kept from working, and
the importation of strike-breakers prevented. Now, the. non-unionists are
not so serious a problem to the strikers. They live in the same community and have" to work with.the unionists, and if there is any justice in -the
strike it is very difficult for them to
keep on working. They are despised.
But the real hate is reserved for the
men brought in from the outside, imported to break the back of the struggle. They are t'he most terrible force
the employer can mobilize, for they
arouse a fear in the strikers that their
jobs will be lost permanently. Imported scabs are regarded as heartless and mercenary creatures ready to
steal other men's work. They are
overwhelmingly the most important
cause of violence, and a wise labor
policy must be based on answers to
the questions they raise. Those questions might be stated as follows:
Are workers justified in trying to
bargain collectively?
If they are, how can they make
their demands effective except by a
strike or a threat of a strike?
How can a strike be carried on If
labor is brought in to fill the places
of the strikers?
Is an employer justified on grounds
of social policy in using this weapon
to break a strike?
Has a striker what might be called
a moral claim on .his job; some rights
in it which cannot be taken away at
any moment?
I realize what answer many peoplo
would make to these questions. They
would say plainly that the employer
is perfectly justified in dealing with a
strike by any legal means he has; that
strikers have forfeited their rights to
the job; that the police must do every
thing in its poflfer to protect strikebreakers, and that any other answer
to these questiohs-is dangerousand
silly sentimentalism. Perhaps they
are right. They certainly have the
law on. their side. But if this is t-he
answer they propose to mak-} they
mufct realize that it is equivalent to
a declaration of war, and violence is
the inevitable result.
For the strikers believe that the
law and the "rights" of the matter
do not take into account the fact that
the struggles of labor are for a new
status in industry. The law, they
say, is designed .to protect the old
status. Its effect is to perpetuate the
condition whereby the worker is merely the employer's hired man. He gets
what he can get; the boss gives what
he has to give. But just this way of
looking at things is what the new labor movement challenges. Dimly, but
persistently, it is beginning to insist
that the workers in an industry are
part of it, haive invested their lives in
It, and are not to be treated as mere
hirelings. , When the strike-breaker is
Imported, it is like a slap in the face,
a brutal assertion that labor Is just
so much raw material to be used. The
strikers fight, and they feel that their
cause is just. It is a justice, to be
sure, based on the future, a justice
which derives its force from what industry ought to be, not what it is. For
when businessis transformed into a
cooperative deraooracy, these struggles
today against the scab and* the strikebreaker will, I believe, be regarded by
history in the same way as Americans
look back upon the tar-and-feathers
meted out to the Tories during the
Revolution. They will be regarded
as  regrettable,  but inevitable.     In-
"FRUIT SAL!
The Natural Way to Health
EXraRlENQEprovei that Health by Coaxing la better
than Health by Forcing.   A Mild Remedy U always
superior to a Hazardous Force.
Eno's '• Fruit Salt" prevents and relieves hy Natural Mean.
all functional derangements of the Liver, Temporary Con.
gestion arising from the use of alcoholic bever-
;   ages. Errors in Diet, Biliousness, Sick
Headache, etc   It acts according to the
quantity taken, either as  a  relieving
agent or as a cooling and refreshing
beverage, and gently stimulates without
any weakening after-effects.
Prtpartd only by
J.CtMO,UL,"¥nulS»iX"tt*tk*,lmi*c
Sold ball ths principal towasancl cities of Canada
Agtai* tt* Cisite HmU t. UteUi 4
Ca.. LUtW. II MaCaal St.. T0K0NT0
evitable, because'when two radically
different ways" of living conflict, good
manners are rare.
,It is interesting to notice that when
'the .Federal troops* went into Colorado,
th^> first thing they did.was to forbid
-the importing of any more strikebreakers. They showed by this that
they understood their task. They
seized the real issue with which the
statesmanship of labor will have to
grapple. For in various ways, our
state governments .have recognized already that strike-breaking is not unreservedly justifiable. Many state
employment bureaus, for example, are
compelled to tell men that a strike is
inK progress before ihey offer them
strike-breaking jobs. It is ideas like
this which will have to be developed,
if the state is to use any better weapon than the club to deal with labor
violence. "The time may come, not
so far off, whennthe state will refuse
to allow strike-Breaking until after
there has been a public hearing of the
causes which made the strike. Such
a hearing would give the strikers their
chance to appeal to public opinion,
aud public opinion, whenever it is aroused, is decisive. If opinion goes
against the men, the police will have
comparatively little trouble in preserving order; ir opinion is wl'th the men,
strike-breaking is exceedingly^ difficult.
This is the direction to be taken as
regards public policy. But public opinion cannot rest there. It must Insist that refusal to deal with unions
is arbitrary and barbarous; it must
encourage every step by employers
which tends to give the men collective-
ly a greater share in the management
of industry. For that "recognition,"
if it is genuine, is the only real substitute for violence, the only method by
which the workers can make themselves heard in a civilized fashion.
And finally, public opinion must become "wise," must begin to see that
not. all the violence in a strike comes
from the workers. Employers, not so
infrequently, hire thugs and gunmen.
I know personally several employers
who, have done so. They have told
me quite cynicaly that it was worth
while to start trouble. A riot or a
scuffle turned the public against the
strikers. Arthur Woods, Police Commissioner In New York, said in a recent interview that the gunmen's
gangs were so hard to stamp out largely because politicians used them on
election day and employers used them
In strikes.
This very complicated business is
complicated further by the existence
of a group of militants in the labor
movement who believe in violence as
a means of propaganda. They say
-that-vloleBt^-jrTibe^nirTvayTo'^ei'
a hearing, the only way to Impress
people with the seriousness ot a sit-
I /1
uation. They pofbt out that the newspapers, for example, hardly notice a
peaceful strike. Perhaps someone else
can answer this point, I can't." I
know that I never heard of the town
— -r**'        *
of Carteret till there was shooting in
ir. There are thousands of people
ivfco never thought about labor until
they were made to realize its power at
Ljwrence, at Calumet, at Paterson, in
\Yert Virginia and in Colorado. Xor
did our comfortable population in Xew
York show great interest in unemployment till the so-called I. W. W. proceeded to 'make trouble last winter;,
nor did the churches rouse themselves
till Frank Tannenbaum ■ appeared on
the scene. It may be a coincidence,
but I guess it was not.
My friends arc, most of tliem."comfortable people, and I know they had
the fright of their lives last winter.
They prepared for this winter, never
forgetting for a moment Tannenbaum
and his group. And to bc quite honest , the more intelligent of them have
been surprised and pained at the goo.!
behavior of the unemployed these last
months. Members of the Gary committee' have said many,, times in private: "It only the I. W, W. would do
something, our committee might begin to move." They had no illusions
about disorder. They knew that it
means prejudice, hate, irrationality.
They knew that great industrial problems can only be solved by clear-sighted intelligence in an ^atmosphere of
sanity. But they knew, too, that Intelligence' is rather lazy; that the state
is a sluggish beast, and that the gadfly Is a useful creature. .There are
hidden crimes in this country which
are never known about till somebody
Is hurt. What we do not sets we
easily forget. But in obscure mining
gullies, in backward lumber camps, in
distant hopfields, in deaf and dumb
little towns, and in filthy tenements,
there are crimes against human life so
hideous that the one hope in them '.&
the threat' of revolt. The tdieat
that must be heard, th" muttering that
breaks the dishonorable peace, the aii
ger of men and women who will sub-
mi- no Icnger; these outcries are stlli
tho only forces whlc;i can draw attention tc -tht black cor.i«rs and the cesspools of cur civilization. The best In-
tintloncfi^ among us go our own way,
fu •getting, AHnd. Tlie more we be#c
for quiet, the more we atk not io be
disturbed, the more we havo justified
the disturbance.
Law and order.*to be sure; but what
law and what order?—Metropolitan.
CURE OPASTHMA
Suffered Terribly for 15 Years Until Re
Tried "Fruit-a-tives"  '
D. A. WHITE. Es*.
ax Wauaoj Avs., Toronto,
Dec. 22nd. 1913.
"Having been a great sufferer from
Asthma for a period of fifteen years
(sometimes having to sit up at night
for weeks at a time) I began the use
of "Fruit-a-tives", These wonderful
tablets relieved me of Indigestion, and
through the continued use of same, I
am no longer distressed with that
terrible disease, Asthma, thanks to
"Fruit-a-tives" which are worth their
weight in gold to anyone suffering as
I did. I would heartily recommend
them to all' sufferers from Asthma,
which I believe is caused or aggravated
by Indigestion". rj, ^. WHITB
•
For Asthma, for Hay Fever, for any
trouble caused by excessive nervousness
due to Impure Blood, faulty Digestion
or Constipation, take   'Fruit-a-tives"
50c. a box, 6 for f 2.50, trial size, 25c.
At all dealers or from Fruii-a-tivei
Limited. Ottawa.
hu family remedy  for  Ccicha  end Colds
ShUoti routs *t> littlr   snd doe*   -1 raucbr
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
/
., ■> -j
\
fr
The
As an Advertising Medium is With-
out Equal in the Crow's Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals td them because it
supports their cause. The workers own the paper and control its
policy. All advertising oft a questionable nature is barred from its
columns. Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. &
We have looked through your paper with considerable care and interest    We might'takc this opportunity to ex-
j?rt?t C*2T a£££t&&M mm -u*a mat oiut om i enoerea to tar.   We would also add that it In <m* «f th* cl*mif •* wecMJcs Hurt ux-
have run across in some time.
sssa
\ * *-,   ;
e-1
"E FOUR
THE DISTEICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 15,1915,
%%
' \
[■■*'
l'i
. h
"• f1-
.*■ ,*,.
?!
.    3% ®i*iriri £&&zx
Published every Thursday evening at itt, oflice,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B.C. Subscription; $1.00
per yesyr, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 'per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
solor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
> J. W. BENNETT,
-Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
A SIMPLE EXPLANATION OF "ECONOMIC
DETERMINISM."
HOW TO CURE THE UNEMPLOYMENT EVIL
Ai-i'onlin<j?' to recently compiled statistics thero
urc now over one hundred thousand met) under
arms wearing the Maple Leaf badge.
When the war broke out it was common talk,
heard on all sides, "So many'meu going away to
war "it will leave more work for,those left behind."
* ■<>....•■
It has done nothing of the kind, but on the contrary, many of those left behind after tramping all
over tlie country in search of a job have reached the
conclusion that'tin* only means left for obtaining
the necessary material to keep body and soul together is by donning the khaki. This may hot be
very palatable to some of our ultra-patriots, and
whilst we recognize there are other factors which
have actuated, men to enlist for active service, this
in nowise confutes the truth of the assertion made
that stomach conscription has been a most potent
recruiting sergeant..
Despite tlie loud beatiiig»of the tomtoms of th§
business element's publicity organs—the trade journals—ihe hard times bugaboo refuses to be exorcised.
Almost .six months of the year 1915 have passed
into history without any noticeable improvement
in general conditions being consummated. Everywhere there is a constant diminution ofthe reserves
and. with no visible signs of any immediate future
accretions, the outlook for the remainder ot tho
year is by no means reassuring.
This may sound the dirge of the Knight of the \
Huel'ul Countenance, but to ignore actualities and;
attempt to live in a fool's paradise will not help i
matters one iota. Furthermore, we are at a loss!
to suggest what effect ho measures cau-be adopted!
The wriggling and squirming of the quack dQe-%
tors of society would be laughable were it not for
the tragedies enacted. l
One set of charlatans advise thrift ^nd economy
as a panacea for society's ailments, when as a
matter of fact these virtues (!) are compulsorily inflicted upon the world's useful units.
Socialists are often twitted, and often not without
a show of reason, for using words that are not un-
erstood by the rank and file. One of these phrases
is "Economic determinism, "whioh in plain English
means that generally speaking men's actions are determined or affected by the way they get their living. For instance, barbers would not advocate
that all meu should cultivate Dundreary whiskers
iuul long beards; butchers lhat everybody ought
to become vegetarians; bakers that every woman
should bake her own bread; coal owners that crude
oil be the only fuel, and,so on all down the line.
This week we received some extracts from "Industrial Canada." the official organ of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and one of thsse
emphasizes the point we wish to drive home, that
economic determinism is plainly discernible all
around to those who will give the subject a little
more than a cursory examination. Owing to the
effect that the fear of uncertainty of what the future has in store, based upon the evidences of daily
happenings, the advocates of "Thrift." have many
followers among those fortunate enough to hold a
job. This has its influences upon the volume of
business because of the large number of wage earners and salaried employees who are practising abstemiousness, in other worols, denyingthemselves of
all save the absolute necessities. However, for the
edification of our readers ke reproduce the excerpt, so that they may. study it for themselves:
THE DUTY OF SPENDING
Labor Conditions In
Mexican Coal Mining
TTTaTlnrnrnHnwnil-eT^^^
cause we have reached the conclusion that so long\,
as the market is glutted with commodities it is un- j
profitable to produce more. Here is the keystone j
of the arch—Profit. And until this is replaced by i
"Production for l.'se" all of the palliatives and iv-',
forms will bc as feasible in effecting a permanent j
cure as one lone jack rabbit would be in the ap- j
peasement of the hunger of pack of timber wolves.;
rnemployinent is chronic, not transitory,, its per-1
ceutage varying with the swinging oi" the commercial pendulum and, with the increasing productivity
of the individual unit through the media of labor
displacing machinery and the disappearance «f consumptive markets, this problem must become iiileij-
nified as time rolls on.
Whilst it may be regarded as foolish to borrow
trouble, it is equally as unwise to play Mie ostrich
when by calling attention to the source of it we
may impel others to investigate*, and by ko doing
hasten the application of the only remedy—the complete socialization of thc means of production, dis-
Ujhiitiou and consumption.
One of the causes of the present industrial
depression is the short-sighted economy of those
whose spending power has not been seriously
curtailed. This fact is easily established by*
the bank returns showing increases in deposits.
Since thousands of manufacturers', wholesalers' and retailers' employees have been thrown
out of work, or have had their wages reduced,
it is evident that their bank accounts-must havo
o, *
either .-disappeared" or decreased. Cousequanh'y
thc total savings bank deposits could only increase by substantial additions to the accounts
of those whose incomes have escaped the general cut. Such persons are putting their surpluses into the banks instead of spending them.
This means that they are going without clothe*.
THE LU8ITANIA AND ITS LESSON
When the lirnt report reached us of the xinkingj
of thc LuMtunia we were dubious of its accuracy;|
htier the jiew* that tt had been aecotnplished, lint!
without km ot* life, we regarded it a* one of the;
iortuiK'Nof war, but whim «Hln»ei|iieuU,v it developed j
that this leviathan of tlw sfesis lind boon U*r\**-doed;
without  tin- slit»ht.'«t opportunity being afforded •
lurnitnreViTmchinei^.iriTnn^iF'oTTTer aWTcTes-
in tader to increase their savings,
Tiie effect becomes apparent iu our imports
entered for consumption as follows: year ending March 31st. 19R $070,000,000: yeur ending Mai-'-h :Ust, 1014. Alii{s.000,000;, year muling March :11st. V.)\.\ sH'w.OUO.OOO.
These decreases in our purchases abroad indicate that there must be correspondingly great
decreases in our purchases at home, It is true
•that our borrowings from England have been
seriously curtailed, but it is also true that they
have been replaced to a certain extent by sales
of bomb in the I'nited States, which, since the
outbreak of war, have amounted to about $70.-
000,000. The people of Canada, after three
years of great extravagance, have goue suddenly to the other extreme and have been
friuhteued into a fit of rigid economy. The result has been a serious dscrease in manufactured output.' Tf overy man iti Canada determined to do without new neckties for a year, for
example the effect would he never*? to. the tuiuiu
torturers who make neckties. If those who
have money would spend it within reasonable
limits, our factories would be benefited to an
almost incredible extent, employment would be
furnished to many who need it and the return
to prosperity would he hastened.-—Industrial
Canada,
Under the heading "Coal fining in
.Mexico," Mr. E. O. Fost-er Brown on
April 10th, 1915, presented a paper
before the North of England Institute
of 'Mining and Mechanical Engineers,
lie described the chief coal basins and
gave some details of the method of
working practised, including the administration and particulars of the surface plant. Some excerpts may be of
interest, as follows:
Ownership and Royalty
In Mexico, mineral substances are
divided Into two classes, those that
belong to ;Le nation and th03» that
belong to the owner of the soil. Deposits which belong to the nation may
be worked only by virtue of a Federal
grant, whereas the deposits belonging
to the owner of the soil may be worked freely without need of any Government grant Coal seams some under
the latter category.
Some of the coal miners are working their own freehold. The majority,
however, have leases from the owner
of the soil. The general form of
these leases contains a period for exploring the property by boring or
otherwise, and an option to take up a
lease during, the exploration term. If
the lease is .taken up, a royalty varying from 2^d. to -id. per ton of coal
sold must be paid, although in a few
cases the royalty is per ton of coal extracted, boiler coal being exempt.
There is usually a separate royalty of
from 4d to 4*^d. per ton on coke sold.
A minimum output corresponding to a
dead rent is provided for, and there
are powers of determination at variable periods.
Labor
Mexican Jabor is mainly employed.
When conditions are normal in tha.
country, however,'there is a tendency
to shortage. Several mines employ
a considerable proportion of Japanese.
Chinese were Imported at one mine
ou a considerable scale, but gave poor
results, and their metier in this coalfield appears to be confined almost
wholly to hotel-keeping, of which tliey
have practically a monopoly.
The Mexicans, on the whole, make
very fair coal miners under proper
supervision. In \ihple workings they
keep much tidier and cleaner places
than the Japanese, who are very slovenly in this respect, - In taking out
pillars, however, the Japanese produce
will also be expensive to re-open. In
a number of cases the owners or part-
owners of the mines haive beea badly
hit, ■'and the railway systems and rolling stock avaialble are largely dlsor-,
ganized and'damaged.
Apart from this, however, there will
be no satisfactory outlet for other than
a limited .production until the country
settles down and the mine smelters resume work on a normal scale.    In the
writer's  opinion  the coalfield  as a
whole has great possibilities under a
permanently settled government. Geographically, It Is inconveniently placed at the extreme north of the Republic, a long distance from a seaport, and with no outlet for Its products to the north, while on .the south
the cost of railway carriage beyond
a certain limit is the dominant factor.   On the other hand, it is the only
known coal field In the Republic which
has been proved  to justify development on a commercial scale.    The native oil production, unless wholly and
permanently deflected to export channels, is bound to figure as a constant
menace to the coal market, and will
affect the price if not the quantity
sold.     This  feature, however,   may.
only seriously affect districts which
produce non-coking coal, these being
very limited.     The excellent market
under normal conditions   for   native
coke should enable coking collieries
employing modern  washing and coking methods  (and thereby, if necessary, throwing the minimum quantity
of coal on  the market), to do very
wejl.     It may even be found possible
and desirable, as the country develops,
to utilize the balance of tlie output,
after  extracting the  coking coal, in
generating electrical power    at    the
mines and distributing the same at a
high  voltage  aud  over long-distance
cables to the main consuming centres.
The reserves of coal in the field at
the normal rate are favorable for economic working.     At the same time,
the deeper winnings in the Sabinas
Basin up to date indicate that firedamp occurs profusely  in  the  seam
in depth, and the cost per ton will increase in the. future in order to provide  for more adequate    ventilation
and probably stone-dusting.    The difficulties under which the field has labored in the past are, In the writer's
opinion, more artificial than natural.
instructive. If the writer were asked
on the strength of his experience in
this coalfield, what work he would allocate specially to individual members
of a .technical staff drawn' from the
three greatest coal-producing nations
in- the world, his reply would-'lie -that it.
possible Americans should have charge
of underground tracks, British ot ventilation arrangements, and Germans of
washing and coking plant. — The
Science and Art of Mining.
PRECAUTION WITH MEASLES
better reSults.
..Miners in the metalliferous mines
further south earn from ls. to ls. fid.
per day, while a good hewer earns
Trom Is. to Ts. per ay Jn this coalfield.
Us proximity to the United States
border, near which wages are always
higher than in the Interior, to some
extent explains this: but a further
cause is the conflicting interests and
varied nationalities controlling the different mines ln tho coalfield, a-jid the
consequent Independent competition
for labor whenever there Is a scarcity,
which continually tends to raise the
wage rate. The ultimate result Ib
that It Is difficult to get more than
four full days' work In the week out
ot the men. and full benefit Ss not obtained from the limited labor available.
The rate* of pay for thc mala clauses
of work other than hewing ar* as follows:
Surface workers per- day—Alechan.
Ics, 3s. to fls,; carpenters, 4s. 6d. and
Uny, engine-driven, 3s. Od. to r>s.;;
stoker*, 3s. to 4s.; blacksmiths, 4s. Cd,
and Ha.; laborer*, lit. to 3s. Cil.
Underground worker-*,   per   <iuy.~
Overmett, Ss.; ventilation and gaamen,
5s. and 6s.: ropemen, it. fid. and &».;
Itoadtnen, 3s. and Ss.; timbermen, f*n
and fta: laborers, :is.; pumpmen, 2s. fid.
The  men  uiul  their  families are
The prevalence of measles in different parts of the town is evident by the
notices tacked upon so many dwellings.
Owing to ignorance of its highly infectious character, there are many who
treat this complaint as of slight Importance and hy carelessness not only
work lasting Injury upon their own
children, but also menace the health'
of others.
We do most strongly urge upon parents the Importance of reporting all
cases of this acute fever to the medical authorities. For the 'benefit of
those, who do not know much about the
symptoms of this complaint, w,lll state
that the incubation period varies, but
usually It is about 14 days, The child
is ill at ease; there ls a slight fever;
running eyes and nose, with headache
and sometimes sickness at the stomach. There may appear a slight rash,
but the true rash does not appear until
about the fourth day, and with it the
temperature goes up. The inside of
the mouth will often furnish indications before the rash Is well developed. These are red spots on the inside
of the cheeks, opposite the double
teeth, with bluish white centres.
One peculiarity of measles often lost
sight,of is that they are catching BEFORE any rash appears, hence the importance of keeping children isolated
in the early stages of the complaint.
Inflammation of the throat, ears and
lungs are common complications.
Guard against bronchitis, because
this disease is believed to be' particularly infectious, and sometimes leads
to pneumonia of a bad type. It a
child does develop bronchitis with
measles it should be kept away from
other chidren even if they have the
measles.
Affections of the ear are not uncommon and if neglected deafness is apt
to follow. It Is because parents too
frequently treat this complaint so
lightly that the e'eath rate Is pften very
high.
Whenever a child shows symptoms
of having contracted the complaint, the
doctor should be called lu at once so
that the necessary treatment can be
given. The patient should be guarded
from cold, -and kept In bed, room dark-
■fin*aJ_-n-a.rtJaUy_nr_ftiitlrfl)v      T-nfoo-Hfi-n
$i)iclats
''A vi REALLY DE{.|GHTF*UL
-THE DAINTY
MINT-COVERED
1 CANDY -COATED •
CHEWING GUM
Make a Corner
Cosy
Collect the Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every ©bulk Package
MADE IN  CANADA
So far no selling price has been fixed.
As in the case of other commodities,
an understanding has existed between
the merchants and the board in respect to the selling price. .
The Chairman of the Prices of
Goods Board (Air. Adamson, M. L. C.)
ln speaking, on the subject on Thursday, said: "Ou March 31 tbe board
recommended to* the Premier that tbe
Federal authorities be urged, as early
as possible, to regulate, the oversea
shipment of butter, in view ot the
evidence that the supplies In New-
South Wales and Queensland had fallen considerably, and that stocks were
so depleted that difficulty was experienced in obtaining enough for Victor-
Ian consumption. Since tben the
board has received from -the 'Necessary
Commodities Control Commission ot
Xew South Wales the following njj»s-
sages: 'Our commission Intends to recommend as follows: First grade butter 124s. a cwt., second grade 114s.,
third grade l(Ms. Boxes are charged
for in this State at 2s. a cwt This
works out at prices equivalent to 126s„
HGs. and 106s. respectively."'
Atter the message from the New
South Wales commission had been received, the secretary of the board (Mr.
Johnston) wrote to Mr. P. J.i Holden-
sen, on behalf of the butter merchants,
us follows:
"With further reference to your letter, 1 have seen the chairman of the
board (Mr. Adamson), and he desires
nie to say that since the receipt of
your letter he has received a telegram
from the Necessary Commodities Commission of Xew South Wales, saying
that they are recommending that the
following prices be fixed for butter
lit that State: First grade, 126s. a cwt;
second grade, 116s.; third grade. 106s.,
all including boxes. In the face of
these rates It looks as If the further
advance which you propose to make,
namely, to ls. 4d. a pound for first
grade butter, will now not be necessary, as Mr. Adamson understands
from your letter that you are delylng
upon N'ew South Wales for your supplies."
The wholesale prices fixed by the
New South Wales commission work
out at about ls. IVi a pound for first
srade butter: ls. OVfcd. for second
grade, and 11%d. for third grade, The
wholesale mrlce now being charged for
owners,, as already noted, complicated
the labor problem. The selling price
of the coal and coke, which might
have been expected to suffer, due' to
independent undercutting from the
same cause, only did so to a limited
extent, thanks maint>' to the existence
of au Independent selling agency,
which maintained the confidence and
kept up the selling prices of the majority of the working collieries with
considerable tact and ability. Wlille
a number of the collieries made very
satisfactory returns on the capital actually expended on developing and
equipping tliem. they were almost all
over-capitalized
management at the collieries was often very good, but there was as a rule
too much dual administrative control
to enable one to take full advantage
of It, while the variety ot nationalities employed in the administrations
Individually and collectively did not
tend to simplify matters,
With regard to the general lay-out
of th** collieries and their equipment,
in the writer's opinion, considering
the comparatively recent development
ot coal mining tn Mexico, few mistakes
were made. The system of working,
while possibly not the best, wm itm*
Is believed to be. possible for two
weeks at least after thfc appearance of
the rash. The skin peels la fine particles and warm baths help n get rid
ot It.
CONTROL OF COMMODITIES
Price  of  Butter—Further Increase-
Objection by Board
A further Increase of Id, a pound In
the wholesale price of butter Is contemplated by the merchants of Melbourne. On Wednesday an Increase
of Id. a pound was made without the
consent of the Prices ot Goods Board,
The chief technical though It was subsequently recognised
by the board that there was justification for thia action. Should the merchants adhere to their expressed intention of adding a further Id. a pound
»o the price the board will take advantage of iu powers and determine
the rate at which butter shall be sold
first grade butter in Victoria is.Is. 357
a pound. "Freight expenses have to
be added in Melbourne to butter
brought from New South Wales or
Queensland. Tlie beard is decidedly
of opinion that no further increase ln
the price of butter ln Victoria Is Justifiable. Should the morchEtnts persist
In raising the price Id., the board will
fix the price at ls. 3d. a pound.—
Argus. Melbourne.   ""
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
*n tnerrarr will nurcljr den-troy tiro ant** nf nnell
_.." .     1*1*1}' demise 1U« wUule •/«
vnterlRjr It tbruugb tne mucous mrui-vn,   thieb
Klid cooim-trl)' demise 1U« wUule «r«ti-iu whtn
vnterlitjr It tbruugb tne mucous wrucvn, Bueta
h.-tli'lii* •houltl litvi-f Ix* aarti t-xcn>t ou pr-Merlp-
tliiii* ttnm reputable |)U>ii|i>Uu», *. the diuagt
Miry will da t* ten Md iu tue ««xl you **au poi-
Mini* from reputable iibytk'UiM, ** ill* diuagt
Miry will da t* ten Md tw tue ««xl you **au pot*
rtbty derive (rom tbem.   lUll'-t CaUrrfc Cura.
tuiimif«etU!-*Hl hjf F. -J. Chener ft Co.. Taledn, O.,
vutitiln* no mercury, and 1* taken Internally,
artluc directly upua tbe tilmil and n)ucou» sur
Sjcm ot Ihe nytem. In liuylnit Hall'* t'atatrh
Cure be mire you set tlie Kfuutue. It I* tal en
Internally and made In Ttiledo, Ohio, by V, I,
I'hi'iii'y a IV, Teatlnuniali free.
Bold l>y PmnrUti. Price, TSe. per bettl*
Tak* Kill's Family riUa for cwftlpaUoa-
\W iln imt i'ih'hII in-ii i I'm if «iiy KiiiwMioiis front
In- MniiitfH-t'tmvrK' AiMoi'intion during tlie ,v«'iii's
piuMoiwrs to t-Hi'iipe th*1 iiKonit'* or ilrowtiiiiy:. wt'|l!»i:t nml IIMI thnt t-eonotny should he pravUm'd jthese Houses <wt -anything: frem" KIR j *MuW t"^aW>  **w^ *a**»i * *fe«
UM th;-» 'Im* .-lima* of uiirV iufiiiuio* Iuul heen I 'iti wwnriiic ii|»pi»r«'i or otlif-r »rti»'lt«N of comfort, j to 4*30 each, according to their site, j *1**1 of l"o«'*)r whlch has since been
pie and adapted to the labor available,
housed by "the conwany In wooden or I wh,ch •»* h»d "° l"wlw' MWrlence
adobe hous**. The former consist of of eoal mlntn*' A n"™ •elentltlc and
Ughtly-btillt huts with plank sides, thorough examination of the coal and
•blnfle roof, and brick chimney, of »*» »*»lc*] »nd cl,•m,c*, <*«•*»*••
one. two, or occasionally three rooms. tie'< pHor t0 ,h* «,*P*»<»*u'* of »**•
iTb» better hou«M hare plank floors. I"»»" ,n trwttai and washing pUata,
 The	
rwivhi*d.
Tlmt horror stud indi|rii»ti'»» «'«« cxprcuwd
lliroiitflinut thc civiliafd world is not to he wuinler
cl nt. itt fuel it Would have hcwi ntttotuidiiiff had
it Im'mi otherwise.
However, let th»t \wm, !<">«> pommdm the advantage that when
Note thr fiillinir off of import* reeorded in l!IWl",",l,M ln n*,***tfc?r CM,!,f ma{T'
,    ...    ,    ,.           ,.,.,, -     .  i«t. be mow! botlily by trolley or rail (
compared wilh lhe figure* of U»H. «» iting to ta Mmw mMm tmp     Th# a-rtf
the stupendous sum of fMW.OOO.OOO.    Thew* figure* hotni#t ar# c^micted of brlclit cut
nre  iiiipreiwive tttid  upon cxHiniuiitioii  show  the out In auluiblf alupea from the adobe
•oil and  lun-drhd, tbe walla being
expended on n»j>lacment» and modlflo*
Hon* of the original deitgna.
Tbe benefit* to be derived from coking were early appreciated; but, although coking at the majority of col-
llerlea wot Initiated comparatively recently, bee-hive ovena only were In
«tiha<«iu»»-ily piaatered.     They   are i n«» prtor to I»i0, and at leaat 99 per
much more aolld ind weatber-prpof j cent, of theae allowed their waeteheat
than the wooden howees, bwt font more j to tamp* Into the atmosphere deaplte
to conatrtttt and are immovable.  Of, the fart that coal capable of being
ttm*, officiate* bo-Met, •tore, and tn- |r»nde»d market-able waa burnt under
» f*w hundred fi-*t of
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop, L. A. Mills, Manager
EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN PLAN
CAFE OPEN DAY & NIGHT
. Mttm a Ia Carte
IV ruthleaa-Mlttiighter of noii-eoml«»t«iiU on th* troth of lhe old Kurd eh saying: "Mnny mickle*
Limittfiii* wan ilamiMble. jm«k' n muekie.*'     Hoiigldy §f»e«kiiig, iheiv mre
Wli, ii iim u and womi'ii In conti- ctjuidly m im-eon j ten million inhaltitumtft in t'anudtt. divide ten into
ed over the uniicewrtmry »*enfie«> in everyday life «»j one hundred *tml »ixty three nud we Imve « differ-
I hev iuv over the cruel frtte meted rtllt to the p«*. j enee of *1fi.W> tt yonr tor egeh liihftldtant of 4he
o.ntt,.r< on the !H-f»ted imiMtlmitie liner, there i Dominion, or even on the^lmaia of eight million the \ »»**+**"* *«• *'•» '*»■""* «*»*RKt-! >>•»»•« *'«»»«<.
.. . ,- -u f ,1   '.   -   ,,.-*   ;-*'%» •»-!•       * '• ** ttt the tame tsvsttrUl. tbem.   •
v ill I... *o„,e hope Ior tm* todmg m.ihoim ,.| tin-, |*r e«|»iU it #.*0.3.  ,. ,   m |fc#1 awrw |fc0 tm of ^^j    ^ ,BtWUalion ol wort coke*v»»»,
,,,Hh'* :ti!ia1iifariK      ^ We Ihink thw in enough for one lea»on on eeouo. „„, wwiimaB ^^nt -monnt. tojaapfriemtntlnf and in torn* eaaaa re.
It wnn m dastardly deed mai mml f.mlly executed,  mie delct'iumUm, and any render who hn* followed   cifl or tl", am! deduettoni from irng* plsrtn* be#-Mre ©vena, baa not In all
And mi vi er* thr'kklgiait atirnwUi*,'* in th*- t'liiig-u llti* mHJi'Ii* through, will Imve no difficulty in un-' *» *** mule to p«r for tbla within a {eaten been an nnnoallfled enewaa. al-
• •*    * •-'  » * it.* \- t**i* *\t,<9t*i>**9-i**(t 1*%* ittml ,tfr*te***\iixm what th#» nhwwe mean* hewnfter.
•• -if.i,i   *Vt- V.V, ;«!•,'* <i r-i lc  nf *K»»*ll*1'''^   '
<\lid jw* «-*» tlif MOornrr*' ut timwi'iiU \u iht- tent*J
*i Lo,!'*.. u „u April 30. W*
Special Rate Boar j and Room by tbe weak or month
MEAL TICKETS |6.00
flKiiuju^—i^|.IK Bf^m s^ymm ■at.M
Mt li Opnrtt
m
JUmHui Hu Mtn
$t JO It Bpvwti
■■NHMMNMHMI
ess
*sgs*sfsssm
\nptbonh\o parted.
tbongb In tha wrlter'a opinion tbt
... . *    *%,..    ...     I,     ti-      *..„*,*     9r.r.i*t*     t«l   '
*
t .
Itefnre Mm- iHitHr.?d? of th>»wnr Mrititin'* Vrttion-
Amd *•* OMittr tW*'*! «1*"M xrm mlmutt tH'ttPt.tttyttlft "m rotifid figure*,.
I'm! it-mayo horror* of Peru.     And no were th* out-
'.<    X   1>**ttitt *ht *r.*,i**rt*1  ITfnxhii- rt*i S'»*r-
com. r lalaml.    And p* thrwifh the who!*- gamut
where the ftaf of CapitaliMii flutter* to th* bract*.
Tin■!.# i»ii-ii1«n1« are hut the lafitlmat* im»f«my
of fomn»wt«lt*«»», «t tAMt war, with all ita ot-
ttnnmnmifnln h *m\y nm off-*pftef, anil whitat the
fl
brml -4 thr w-iaMe to At end that human Iif** «hall
ho r«tar«t-ftl »» mctnt »m\ vo)n»b\m, and i>«»* »* it
ii ;.„l#T,*?*>i*i' -fV'#|*Mrt aM ^**t t*tm*Mh*r**** of all
,19, .,*,, ,*l.to*   , 99..^...-^ I.    :...■■.■,■:
'■ ..• !, \,y,i r'nr 1i«1 ^> nirf *th* m-rianti-aWHr fit ner ymtttmitltwa <r**t
uhtlv" cbMrjrtcr af birt!-figli' flfinfif*' tort-wen de'rtitn for tbe anal tbsn l«S
»*t>a#r« toett perfonmineM Inrraau-MK.Itbo unaolubllltty of tba coal for tn-}
I' lhe wnr ImU until nex 3!«reh it will be 0.*W,.!fWt^alitaararerrpemUir.oottiMailtorMw-ea robtnp.  Tba ra4aTa«<wmtati
<aaua«.   „.w*li..» i„ «t*«..»„.«J* moA* In   ljov.1 {rnm ** ,h* to«,*r <"*•' *«wir «• {«f tia «alfla« Aartd pwatta a iwl j
*  ■• "       * •■■*    ,.,., nttti, tti. (.fin-Mo *r*lt*-t* t,nii tirt*mi**1r •
by-product retort-ovtBa !
Tb* tiaadard typa of boiler almoat)
«xclitaiv«ly empieytt throtigboui ib«i
(laid baa gttaa poor   alfleiaacy   aadj
played a large part In lba enrrent to- \
pair* coat, aad altJier tba prM*at typa j
of boiler protiited wu» water*oHen-(
tne ptattta ar tb* adoption of a «Hf*r-'
eat tyjM» *f batter would, 1» the writ- *
afa optaloa. hav* twaa aa ImpnmH
O'tettt,
Tb* *ntt^oytmm et tailma n*Uo»-
atltlaa to th* aitiataal adaalaiatratliMM s
wmwiOnl vaaai tuniiar (MHinMf waaj
*eorge. . Ho«»i*er objattk**. the tbmptt ttnm
The oiler. *»t on the laat mentioned amount will ht j rwminrtmeat* tn tniaa   ar*  alwaya
nltoot fCHiO.fXW.IMlO |M>r annum. , iHieked, wbtte on faaday ani faaat
Hliould the war eontfaroc until na*art Mareh !he!**r* tt* bt«*r atattoM are readared
tttuMtmt national del.ta of th* |>f*«eiil warrinf in- j ?££,£*JJ*"* h* ****** <* **
, .     . , fl   •_„ I*** fartaaat* lahaM-
airwgntie * hart! and the diffe altwa mmy, we urgellcrejitu wiil reach the »tapewJoti» wiw of msenty |UftU#f ^ jmaj^jjua tocaltty,
„t^  ,*u:. „it^f ir.>" »': '-■* )-"»v) *rt,rt' fftnrlUiWmt, .V.llaw. and the h»t*r*i« itawahf* thereonf iffwta «f t»w tttveMtfataaaai Oanarat
toward a thoroafh vndcrataiidiag of th« foiuitaiit thre* billion dollar*. eooctaaiwna
Thr *!»>xr ti-Ftrr* nr* remMh wrtlten and rradj n H ■•••»*»•* «fffe«it to tomm
Uut tatuf they *iw!l maofar aathe fntttn- in ninnw-^ immmm %tmmt H Mmm fctt
e.1 hmk* U> m vary much like—R-E-VO I>U-! **m 4mm* to Am mttom POM to ment
Tli»V ; tmoto,. ohlfm Am *B«i*t gtowai warktan
■HiP/*f AT   *   WPAVVWtt     mmm
i5r&Va>AJU       w XX Jima " & Sf     JLJ^I
LOCAIi PROPERTY
WO.00  4-i^<*wdPU*l«ndHo«^lot«xl33.W«atrtml*.
1750.00  ft-nomd, plaatmd lois% tallO 1120, FaraU Aft.
*****   iVwf ottntl mntf fmhrnea tm Ttmt
$1100.00 fmnbAmmHmtm*MtmbAt***ww
Baptist Cfciwh.  Ttrwa:   part cadi pay»«at; balance
aa tail.*
VMP.vO   b*TWIMll AaWAttt nMMNMwWMMl AAAUA   WiAbA mm
^ Taraa: part caab; balaaea at wait
mAAtttm, JWb     flA^^*^^.  JitAA^mm^Jb m^^^^mimmpAbkXump  apim   yKAM^bmootmto    A^^^j^^*^        iHHVH
ITOtriPr   TwW tBIteTOPt ptUfPailNP -Wl VWfOTlB AfBIIM.      Will
aril at thfa artaa ttt aasv taratt.
I9H  VOV  PPmtPt jmmmmmp mmm mm^mf    mmrp**^*-'**'*^-**
mam   LaCOUSO, Bluck3. VktortiAmuc.
M ^
• Ai  M±mkb9 M XI JB»J%
M5.I AOIfff ffOK PtHNtt
•     ' mm*nm»m*€*
A$
ttmH awWffWft'WH'1"W|miaaiii -. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 15,1915
ifAGE TI7W        J*
^ /
♦
of The  District
♦ ♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ - ♦
♦ COAL. CREEK NOTES ♦
■COAL CREEK
The mines were idle Friday of. last
week and Wednesday of this week.
The "shiveree* band turned out on
Friday with all instruments tuned up
concert pitch to give a welcome to Mr.
and Mrs. Alexander McLeod who bave
taken up their residence in Coyote St.
The kiddies were regaled with candies
aud Ice cream.
Tom Trevenaux arrived back in camp
Irom San Francisco, where he reports
having had a good time.
Dr. and Mrs. Workman and family
left camp on Friday for-a vacation
on the coast.
The local leather chaserB will open
tlie league season at Michel on* Saturday, where they are scheduled to
piny Michel. We await developments,
Tommy.
The Infant daughter of Mr. and .Mrs.
Manning, who met with a serious accident two weeks ago, has so far recovered as to be able to come home.
The Rev. Jas. Stoodley leaves during the week-end to attend the B. €.
conference of the Qfethodtst Church.
In spite of the hard times prevailing, the Board of Management of the
Club decided to carry on the annual
children's sports to be held on .May
2 ltli. Committees were appointed to
canvass the various districts and we
are pleased to report a very generous
response. Over $100 will be devoted
for prizes. We hope to puubllsh a
program next week.
James Grundy has left camp and
taken up his residence in Michel. J.
Horrocks, of iMichel, bas taken his
place on the electrical staff up here.
Mr. and 'Mrs. Albert Bentham and
family, accompanied by Mrs and Miss
Harries, have left camp en route for
England. AVe wish them a safe and
pleasaht journey.
Jimmy. Grahaip. ,of Corbin, was &
visitor up bere on Monday.
The announcement made last week
re the offer of prizes for the best
looking garden bas stimulated greater
enthusiasm. The judges will have
their work cut out, accordingly to efforts being put forward.
The benefit concert and dance to be
held under the auspices of the "Ama-
teursr" oh June 9th, is now well advanced. Who Is "Mugzey"? Well,
wait, and see.
Tom Connors, the prospective Socialist candidate, addressed a large
gathering of workers on the spare
ground by the Club. The subject,
"The Fa'llacy of Reform," was handled
In a very creditable manner. The various points brought out meeting with
the approval of the hearers. At the
close of the address questions were
called for. but evidently Tom had convinced the audience, for there was no
response to his appeal, J. E. Smith,
Coal Creek, occupied the position as
chairman.
Oporge Smith attende.1 the league
meeting In Michel on Saturday lasr,
rer-r«fienting Coal Creek Football Clul>.
.Morrlay was arbor day up here. All
rubbish and scrap li"*s been safely de-'
posited.
Efforts are being made to find out
who tore the recruiting notice down
from the Depot bulletin board.
COLEMAN
Church Notice
Presbyterian Church—Tlie usual services will be held on Sunday evening,
with solos, etc. Preacher, Walter
Joyce.
■Methodist Church—Wednesday, 7.30
p.m.. Biblical discussion. Sunday, 2.30
p.m., Sunday school; 7 p.m. Prayer
meeting; 7.30 Gospel service; subject,
"The Judgment." , Questions invited.
All welcome. ~v.v.
Xeckie_Sh_oes
-made in British Columbia
ilen who wear JjECKIfl SHOES are positively assured of one
tiling—tliey ftet more value for their money than in any othor
shoe mnde. LECKIE SHOES are made for men who appreciate
STYI^E. COMFORT and WEARING QUALITIES.
Men who wear LECKIE SHOES never return to any imported
lirand—the shoe is an assurance against that.
Go to YOl'R dealer and ask to see the various styles of LECKIE
SHOES. Try on a pair and note the ease and comfort combined
in a stylish, well-built LECKIE SHOE.
Leading Shoe dealers Sell LECKIE SHOES
Be sure yon get them.
"Built for Style, Wear and Comfort"
Word was received in Coleman last
Thursday morning about the death of
W, A. Jones in Vancouver. iMr. Jones
resided in Coleman a few years back,
being coal inspector at the International Coal COo's mines. Deceased had
been in por health for the past six
months.
-Ait .interesting and entertaining
event took place in the Opera House
on Saturday afternon when the delayed presentation to the soldlors belong,
ing to Coleman wbo enlisted in tho
13th Mounted Rifles was made. Mayor
'MonJaon occupied the chair and was
supported on the platform by ex-iMayors
Cameron and Ouimette, Rev. -Mr.
-.Murray, (Mr. O. E, S. Whiteside and
Mr E. Disney. Short addresses were
delivered by the mayor, Rev. Murray,
Mr. Cameron and Mr. Ouimette, Interspersed with songs by Messrs. W. Haysom and G. Fairhurst and .Miss M. Malcolm, also selections by Prof. Pasta's
Orchestra. At the close Mayor 'Morrison predicted rach soldier with -»
wrist watch, n.entloning In the course
of his remarks that the appreciation
now being eliown them was nothing
compared to what would be awaiting
them when they came back from Berlin. Charlie Higgins replied suitably
for the' soldiers. The singing of Ood
Save the King by the audience concluded the afternoon's entertainment,
which was thoroughly enjoyed by
thoso present.
W. S. Bosworth was elected Vice-
President of the Crow's. Nest Pass
Football Association at the League
meeting in Michel on Saturday  last.
Alderman Lamb left on Tuesday.-
morning for a two week's vacation
with his family in Spokane.
Coleman is an Ideal place to spend a
holiday in at any time, but with the
ridded attraction of the Unions' Sports
and the Football Club's Dance ln the
evening, those wishing to ge'e the
most out of luelr holiday oi thc 21th
May cannot do better than pay It a
visit.
Freddie Cox of this town issues a
challenge to box any lad about 17
years.of age and weighing 105 lbs.
Michel or Fernie preferred. A letter
addressed to Fred Cox, Coleman, will
receive a prompt reply.
iniiniternatl6_n^~Coarcb.^~mines"
worked two days last week and have
got two days worked with little prospects of any more this week. McGillivray Mines were Idle all last week
but have got three days worked this
week so far.
Automobiles owners around Blairmore and Frank are certainly finding
it profitable since Prof. Pasta's Orchestra has heen engaged at tbe Opera
House Picture Show. First class
music and pictures are the attraction.
The management are to be congratulated upon securing such a good drawing card.
Prof. Pasta's Orchestra are holding
a dance in the Opera House on Friday
evening, Gentlemen. 50c, Dancing
commences at 9 o'clock. Everybody
welcome.
BELLEVUE
*
<r
Put Strength into the
arms that toil and tones
the workers' system for
more efficient work
Fernie Beer
is a proper drink for temperate people that do all things
with judicious moderation
■Methodist -Sunday school.
The Sunday School teachers and
members of the choir of the Method
ist Church held their annual dinner on'
.Thursday last A most enjoyable
time being voted by al present.
Mr. Joe iMcGough, who has been a
long time resident of Belleuve, both as
a worker and an official of this company, has sold out, and will endeavor
to find a more prosperous place than
what this is at the present time.
Good luck to you, Joe.
The elation that has been shown
here over the torpedoing of the Lusltanla is wholly unwarranted. For by
no stretch of imagination can it be
termed "warfare," not oven by our bitterest enemies, and it will be a wise
move on the part of some residents of
this burg if a less open hostility is
shown.
Mr. Tom Phillips, after six montlis*
enforced Idleness, has decldad on a
vacation until conditions become normal here again.
Messrs. George Watts and Lutber
Goodwin have become members of the
regimental band attached to the 12th
Mounted Rifles stationed at Calgary.
Anyone in doubt as to where to
spend an enjoyable evening should attend the Workers' Hall, where pictures
of the highest order are shown by proprietor *Legg.
Joe (.Morrisey    i .00
Dan Quigley   2.00
Tom Locke   i. 00
John D. Keith    2.00
Italian Grocery   2.00
J. H. Watson  60
Isaac Whitefield   1.00
Bowie Restaurant    l.OO
I^ee Gow  , 50
Robt. Gammon   2.00
James Hill   i.oo
Wm. McDonald   1.00
Ernest Buchanan   1.00
T. E. 'Skeith   1.00
Pete Welling    1.00
A Friend   5.00
Peter   Hutchlngs     l.OO
Total cash    $»5.10
Money spent in children's prizes*$53.55
Balance in hands of Rev. A. M.
McLeod    1.55
155.10
'tlie amount left over will be used
on tbe first holiday In Coalhurst.
(Signed)    Rev. A. M. McLeod.
Ralph H. Chambers,
Robt. Conners,
Frank Barringham,
Committee.
COMMERCE
Conditions in this camp se?m to ba
going from bad to worse. The mines
worked one day the latter pirt of
April, and at this writing, the 10th,
only one day's work has been given.
Xo need to preach thrift and temperance around this locality, everybody
has to practise it.
The afternoon fire boss has been
compelled to seek-pastures elsewhere.
Business men around here have very
long faces these days, Oh, you prosperity!
The stork paid a long deferred visit
to the home of iMr. and Mrs. J. Ferguson recently. 'Mother and baby girl
doing well, and Jack all smiles.
COALHURST
The Salvation Army people of this
town were visited by Major ami Mrs.
Hay of Edmonton. The usual open
air meeting* were held, followed by n
service in the Methodist Church.
A. J. Carter, aa travelling auditor,
was ln town this week,
A message was received on Saturday from Queenstown stating that
Jimmy Boyle, Bellevue's only passenger on tbe Ill-fated Lusltanla was
amongst the rescued.
A number of onr soldier boyi were
home for tbe week-end. It Is generally understood that tbls will be their
last visit from Pincher. A number of
then have volunteered to leave for the
front Immediately,
Vice-President Graham and Secretary Burke were Blairmore visitors on
official business.
Isaac Hutton. an old-timer In these
parts, bid hts many friends good-bye
on Sunday night. Ha has been accepted for the fitlth Regiment In Cal-
larj,    "Give "em the ne* step, lhe!"
A large crowd assembled on the old
foMbtll tlt'A to watch Use game between team* billed as the AH stars
of llel le vue tt. So Stars tot Prank. A
fairly good game was wttneeaetl. but
Kmnb wer* lh* bettor side and won
* itarlets erown by four goats \o till,
Divine nertke was held In th* Xew
The mine worked the first s'aif: in
May nn the Uch witb a very reduce!
staff of emiplayees.
Mr. Swain and f:i*uily are aw\.y on
a 1-en!tii trip  o Creouwood', B. C.
Stephen Bell left for his homestoad
nt Giiil Lake last week. He says ho
intends to come ba«)k in a few m-nth'.
Mr. and Mrs, Robt. Hugh have had
to postpone their Journey to England
owing to the a'yamer's sailings being
cancelled.
Toiii Hatt'n and family accompatl-
ed by Hiram Fife, left camp for Sprlnghlll, Nova Scotia.
Mr, and Mrs. Frank Barrlngham
and son, Oliver, were vlstors to Keya
Lake a few days last Week.
Bob Conners Is loklng for an agency
peddling the new system of hatching
and breaking in "young 'una."
Joe Slmpklns blew in camp from
Australia on Tuesday morning looking for a job. Looks like times must
bo pretty bad that, don't It? Or ia it
Joe'* fascinated with Sunny Alheru?
Quite a bunch of the Wlgan Hurley-
corners were up before "T. K," just
lately for Indulging too freely.
A temperance speaker addressed a
meeting In the church on Wednesday
evening.
Privates Tom lilakey und T. J. Gordon, of Cardston Mountod Rifle*, were
on furlough a few days, They suy
they move to Calgary abortly
Charile Phillips wat on a rest vacation to Lethbridge last week after a
hitrd npclc dlairlnir pout, bol mi nnd fmif*
In camp.
Louis Fraser, of Pincher Creek
Mounted Rifles, spent a few days In
-camp renewing old acquaintances before leaving the district.
Below Is the list of names who contributed to May Day Sport*:
Donald MoNpII	
♦ *      GEORGETOWN   NOTES        ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦**♦♦♦♦♦
The mine worked three days last
week. At the regular meeting on
Friday night it -was decided to assist
the three brothers who are waiting ou
their cases being settled.
Vincent James, an old tinier, started
hero last week. He had been through
al! the Western States and B. C. and
reported them on the hog.
Bro. Tom Rawlins, the blacksmith
here, and Bro. David Darling, his helper, have joined the army in Calgary.
We wish them all kinds of good luck.
A house warming was given to H.
Maliebone and T. Humphrey last week
when a good time was spent.
Mr. and .Mrs. Ashurst entertained
their friends on Thursday- at a send
off party, and on Friday Mrs. Ashurst
left for Coleman, where she will spend
the summer.
OUR  PEACE PROGRAM
TU-   Tfihr,   V.    Work
ment of disputes between nations
should be made by the international
congress, or by its subcommittees.
There is no need of a court for this
purpose.
I also disagree with the provision
for an international police force.
We  should   ask  for  all, we   want.
What we want is complete disarmament Perhaps we "cannot get complete disarmament. If so, that is no
reasoiyn ^s*.world why we should not
ask for it.
The more we ask for the more we
will get.
We ought to know that by this time.
The reason we have been getting
anti-injunction laws, and anti-blacklist
laws, and workmen's compensation
laws, etc., is beoause we have been
asking for^complete Socialism. If we
had merely been asking for anti-injunction laws and anti-blacklist laws, and
workmen's compensation laws, etc., we
would not have got them.
The thing to do is to ask for all we
want, Then, If when we enter Into
a conference, mutual concessions are
necessary in order to get together, we
will have more room for concessions.
We will have more left after we
make concessions.
This, Itvseems to me, is an abun-
ant reason why we should ask for
complete disarmament.
■Nor' is it logical to say that this is
a sort of an immediate demand program, and therefore we must ask for
only that which we can reasonably
hope to obtain,
" In another part'of the program we
have asked for complete Socialism.
We have not only asked for complete
Socialism in the preamble, but we
have asked for it In thc detailed program itself.
"Industrial democracy."
What ls that but. Socialism?
"Elimination   of   all   unearned
come."   /•■■;'
What is that but Socialism?
"Socialization of the national
sources, public utilities, and fundamental equipment of industry of the
nations."
What is that but Socialism?
Each of these is a demand for complete Socialism.
Therefore, since we are iu four
places demanding complete Socialism,
certainly we should not fail to demand
all that we want in the way of disarmament.
By way of addition to the program,
I think that it ought to specifically
provide, for calling all the nations of
the world into the conference.
At the present moment, no one can
tell just how the peace is to bo brought
about. Maybe.the United States will
have a prominent part ln it, and maybe not. Maybe there will be one or
more Socialists on the peace commission, and maybe not.
Anyhow, it is for us to bring our Influence to bear, both directly and indirectly, to secure the adoption of our
peace program.
I suggest that we discuss it earnestly
and reasonably and candidly, through
the party press, until the National
Committee meets. Then, let the National Committee, in the light of all
this discussion, go over It carefully and
put it into its final form,
Then, no matter whether we agree
with every line of it or not, let us stop
arguing about It, and everyone of us
get back of it and boost it for all we
are worth.
to
re-
Shilohh Cure
stops coufiiw !^:{-ri?-S*Sw
Speaking to one of our citizens this
week who has made a tour of inspection of the various parcels of land
which are to betthrown open for preemption on the ISth of May, he states
that the descriptions given in tho
government pamphlets are true so far
as they go, but they are not sufficiently detailed and only a personal visit
can enable one to form an accurate
appreciation of the suitability of the
various pieces. The parcels that are
tillable represent but a very small percentage of the whole, and that by far
the greater majority would maVe suitable gravel pits or rock quarries, and
even some of those* where the goil Is
good the cost of adequate Irrigation
is no small item for consideration.
After John Barleycorn is banished,
if capitalism continues Sn the saddle,
the claim will probably be made that
the workers £an afford to take less
wages, since they no longer drink.
Be good to
Drink
• *** nm*4.
Yourself
it!
J f.ft tint*
For tbe edification of tbe Leaner
reader*, would aay we are atill watch-
lag ror that "Prosperity wan** to
strike ns, to give the other Half of ns
,  i.i.
*, *'
Aontay last throughout Christendom Is rocogalstd as "Mother's Day."
Tbe Rev. V. T. Cook, pastor of tht
MothodlM Cboreh. held services appropriate to tbe occasion. Mr. Arthur
wnilam*. as soloist, render**! "Mother
O Ulae," ta bla oa-a Inimitable style,
Th* rtmlnt mtWnt ot f«oe*J «3i
will b* b#W on Snnd»> «t*t im the
Alfred Mclnnes ..
Wm. Maxwell ...
Ullvra I'wrvls ,,..
Jot* Lynn 	
I'aelflf Hotel
Wong Wint .....
Walter tiftnuglilii .
J.  li".  MHicrmo*
l»r. <J. II. Hoft« .,
Wing U-*t 	
Finlay McDonald
W-alter   Admit   ..
Hugh Rvans  ....
(Janes Mclnnes .
I i ten, outuit ,
i Italian! Cameron
Suppose you live'! on a star o f •?.>•/
million miles from here. |
Suppose, through  the  biggest tele- j
scope, the earth looked like a speck.
t'nder those circumstances do you
think you would be worked up about
the European war? Do you think
you would consider it one of the greatest events that have ever occurred?
That it is important I do not deny.
That we should give It serious consideration I admit
■But I wonder If .our closeness to it
does not causa us to exaggerate its
Importance. I wonder if, a hundred
yenrs from now, It will seem to have
had the epoch making quality which It
now seems to possess?
Possibly It will, Possibly It will
not,
In any event, we want to take advantage of lt, as we take advantage, or
should take advantage, of everything
else that can be used for purposes of
emancipation.
•But? In doing so, It is quite sense.'
Ins* to. use wild nnd frantic language,
and to attack one another's viewpoint
with bigoted nnd Intolerant acrimony.
If this time Is really a crucial one
for the Socialist movement then, for
that very reason. It Is a time for composure. It Is a time for broad-minded
and magnanimous forbearance from
passionate denunciation, It is a time
to thoughtfully and reasonably and
considerately confer together, with the
full understanding that all of us desire
to do whatever l« bf**t fnr the rs'itim
Taken as a whole, I consider the!
Peace Program a maKnlficent doou-j
ment, The statement of the lmme-|
dlate causes of the war, and the statement of the fuiiilatiieiitiil c«u*e>t of ■
war, are eDp-pcittlly good.     Also the)
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best  Accommodation   In  the   Pats.—
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience.- •
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES  AND UENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
H. G. GOODEVE GO. ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wn will furniib your nous* from cellar to garret and at hot-
torn prices.   Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell ethers,   if not satisfied, tell us.
Coleman
Alberta
$1,110
1.00
5.00
2.00
1.00
S.OO
1.00
i.m
.50
, 5.00
At)
i.m
. i.m
, IM
. 2.00
,   i,WI
,  I.oo
f
,have m m ax?
Then you realize thi utter wettmess
that rtm amMtlon, destroys appetite,
and makes work a burden.
Toreatorctb-ttttrvngthawlitaaiiiMtlMt
is m -ttmentini, notbing has em «pu!e«t
or eemymni with ffentt't Kimtlvinn, be*
catuc its strength-stirt-atittng noumb-
mawt lotlporntt. Am Mood toAtorihet*
I cm.;**) iluuuh!^miUwIi»>it, ifclukiuuiuu.
vide* tbarprH* th* appetite and rt-aurrs
fhntness  health In a natw-s!, permanent wny.
If yen *tt rasi tUmm, Utr4, m mm*.
Workers* Kali, at Ut pm*
"ST^iM e%*xa*i* t**m aaamaamd »k.! •wnwrtw'-i rtr lack strength, get Scotfs
Mr. Rl. Clrtstt* wa sasaawa the \fmmtpemtt*4ef,  Msny<ir««**t*ww.
retpemntWltt? of mpetbUtmtoot ta th# i nmt n imam* t««wa, tm
stttu'nxt-'A'-. ii« ti our mipreme duty now
On  utnttt  p»m of the  detailed  pro- j
aim;*), Ulu'wl*-", I lielltjve »> nrt* i ll *
iitsr-'-rtl,    Th«M*e nn (fitly n few !m;n>r-;
tsnt pyhiU on wh>h we diaagre«.       j
I Oi-tiii,,,' \*li',t llm iommllUm  m *'.
»< tv «f tu**»*' i«'*!•;#. |
But I wanl, first of all. to dS*»ociiil*s»|
i«j»«ti   tioiii   tii iim-   mmi   Hint*   iii.t'lf j
l»4Vrt*i*«     .111.I     <ll.ll ■> tlit-li       illlllllll     IIJKJIl i
the jmiisrani and it* frawr*      Their]
*l'irlt I* not !ln> rliiht on<> ;i»4 c;i!irnit
Ul'U.tf hou.l rc».uiii. <#
I ilKmrt'i' >»l*h Hn* ii.i'i iiu'iit, lit
j the preamble to the effect ihat «»|»1
i (41UM tutttiiattt} i«au* iu *.*t,
j     Hill   ll   iln*'*  liwt   jjirvtu j.;,)   ,t*4«l   tu
!    io ton* a* capitalism eilata th*r«»
I will be i1;itifii»r of war      Bttt it in tm
4 -m*-.^     ^WMtC      *t     ui*u.,imu>iu.    •*<■-.
j lb* i-mablinhniHit ot tn fnternatlonsl
f rongress. for capitalism to eslst for
J se*sr# wlthmit war.
i    I dlsa-sw with V.i* prorWon In the
ItJe'a 1*4 program for th* est abi Ish mem
I of sn tn*f*i*nri»tf<vn*»l rnnrt
s    Wt* l*m* bad -rootigh -Pipe-Hene* with
" ,1*i* um-i-ntiliin* itt it f »i f 9i\<* fli-n /*•■;' \    .*
i*tium,     U't u* tml Ua%* auy lm y-
?l*nit{i;»! -rou/t* whatsoever.     Tt l» *■-.!.
tlrely uaneceaaao*   The program provided  for ao  l->U»n.,tiii.n,»i  collar*-***,
tbnn It -»» I***"1 '* ***i*%.    T%* **"t.1*"
F. M. THOMPSON
Company . "Th« Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Everything in Shoes
See ut for the best in
Men's Suits, Shirts & Shoes
Our Spring Shipments of theic Ooodi are all to band and
tbt uaortm«nt is complete witb the smartest goods and butt
l-wmtM.* vetnm*
Wt I*** **t***jm-dti*i ikm monk m C*r oi ftour and F«od
Purity Flour 98lbs $4.00 nett
Gold Seal 98lbs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shorts.   Crushed Corn,   Whole
Corn and Feed Oats
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
Th© Store That SAVES You Money
BsssrssessRssa ... r.h..,ii.i,ri..... in,*,..,,n 11
.m**m
19'
f
•s i
If
Togo SiX.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, E. C, MAY 15,1915
i
'•I
if
it-■**
"4 *
ISP
I
II
WBAT CAPITAL REALLY
THINKS OF
Continued From Last Week
you if it comes to that. And that is
the end. It is coming to a civil war,
and we will fight.     I am ready."
In a certain great Seattle strike,
the clergy and certain university ^pro-
fessors spoke in behalf of the strikers, and air. Patterson paid his re-
Bpects to them by declaring, "We have
got to clean out these professors—we
bave got to clean out the clergy. In
plain language, the pulpit of this town
is disgusting."
Yet^thls man, even while still foaming from his denunciation of unions,
admitted that the employers of the
state of Washington were unionized,
that the body affiliated with national
employers 'organizations, and that a
great purpose of theso state and national associations was the prevention of organization among employees.
He denounced the union boycott while
confessing that he had joined in sending out circulars asking a boycott on
all firms employing union labor. He
abused the unions for entering politics, while admitting that the employers' association showered the state
with circulars at every election, asking
voters to elect this man or to "snow-
under" that man.
Another equally pleasant and law-
abiding person was Mr. Banfield, high
official in the employers' association
of Portland, Oregon, and yet a passionate foe to the organization of workers; According to iMr. Banfield, labor
unions are entirely kept up by politicians who truckle to them for votes,
and in support of this he cited the following remarkable Incident:, "I know
a man today who is United States senator, and when he was sent for by an
employer to come and see him, he did
not have time and could not come, but
a negro man, called Dollar BUI, wired
him that he had five votes he could
get but it would cost something. He
waa down on the next train. That Is
what is the matter, and that is what
brings up the fight between organized
labor and capital."
He would not give thd name of the
United States senator, however, and
when asked whether he had communi-
flat-Pll ih«  ttrttyio. tn Iho  nrnan/»nMng-at-
torney, he said that he had not.   This
was the Banfield peroration:
"I don't believe that any man has a
moral right to sign away to part of
the public that which belongs to all
the public, the right of men under him
to make their living.. I would not under any circumstances sign a contract
to employ my labor through any channel unless a man held a gun over my
head and compelled me to do it, and
tben I would sign lt, but within ten
minutes I would get a gun and kill
him, and take it away from him before
he got an opportunity to show It to
anybody, because I would be so ashamed of It"
To complete this phase of the record, it may be well to refer to the
testimony of Mr. Ferguson, a wealthy
employer of 'Paterson, New Jersey,
who stated quite plainly tbat he favored the deportation of all agitators. In
the case of "outsiders," he favored
meeting them at tho train—"don't glvo
tham a chance—simply aay, 'When the
next train goes out, you go out on It."
Asked If be did not consider this Illegal, this shining exponent of law and
order replied: "Well, I would hardly
say Illegal, because I believe that legal
means are tho means taken by authorities. That is what we nre advocating. It was not that I would personally form a vigilance committee and
go out and misuse these people, but I
believe .the city authorities should take
means perhaps beyond the technical
legal point to get rid of them—the
right and the power to go beyond the
law."
When he was questioned, however,
how he would feel If he went to a
town where the labor unions controlled, and was arrested the moment he
stepped off the train, and robbed of
every constitutional right, he had the
grace'to admit that it "would probably"
arouse his hitter resentment.
Match the utterances of Patterson,
Banfield and Ferguson with the utterances for. which workingmen have
been sent to jail. A miner ln Colorado
was sent to jail for a year for simply
saying that he "hoped he would meet
Judge Whitford in hell," yet Patterson
is greeted with approval cheers when
he blackguards the President, Congress and the entire clergy of Seattle.
After this pleasant and profitable excursion into what may be termed the
provinces, let us return to the New
York hearing, and dig further into the
capacities and industrial knowledge of
the great overlords of business. Mr.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., for instance,
occupied three whole days in telling
what he did and did not know about
the 12,000 men who work for the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company in which
he is the absolute and unquestioned
power.
An adulatory press has taken pains
to make it appear that young Mr.
Rockefeller handled himself with wonderful aplomb, parrying and thrusting
with marvelous dexterity, evincing
rare knowledge and great ability. Insomuch as he had been furnished a
list of questions several weeks in advance, and was aided in preparing answers by' a force of secretaries, it
might have been expected that he
would answer with some degree of
intelligence. As a matter of fact,
however, he was only lifted out of the
Morgan and Belmont dass by a greater skill in evasion. Not once did he
give a simple or direct answer to a
question, but twisted and turned like
a rabbit In front of tho hounds. Onco
-away-froBi-bis-set-list-ol-questionsi-^is-
evlnced tbe same general ignorance
of tho affairs ot the great corporation
In wblch he was the controlling power.
He bad not visited bis properties in
Colorado for ten years nor bad he
attended a directors' meeting during
the same period. He did not know
ln what counties his mines were, he
could not approximate "within thousands" bow many men he employed,
he knew nothing about their wages,
housing conditions or labor, nor would
he venture an opinion as to whether
twelve hours a day In front of a blast
furnace, seven days a week, might
prove a hardship.
He did not know that hts executive
officials censored preachers and
school teachers, that they maintained
a blacklist, tbat gunmen were employed to run "agitators" out of the camps,
that his company maintained saloons,
hut provided no otber meeting places
for the people, that two were killed In
bis mines to ono ln other states, and
that the company's control of the
courts had prevented any damage suit
from being filed In years.
He was compelled to admit that
"It ia the duty of every director to
ascertain the conditions as far as he
can, and if there are abuser, to right
them," also lhat no director haa a
moral right to set up the plea that be
is "too busy" to perform the duties for
which he Is elected.   Vet he confessed
that he had never acquainted -himself
with the cafises of the great coal strike
of 1903-04, and that not even to this
day has he taken tbe trouble even to
read the grievances of the 12,000 men
who quit the mines on September 13,
1913. Nor had he read the testimony
taken by the congressional committee
in 1914, nor the proceedings of the
Commission on Industrial Relations
which examined witnesses in December, 1914.
He did not know that his company
had entered into a contract with the
Baldwin-iFelts agency prior to the
strike, that machine guns had been imported from West Virginia, that 326
desperadoes, hired two weeks before
the strike, had been deputized by a
sheriff who confessed on the stand
that the men might have been "red-
handed murderers for all he knew."
He did not know that by the admission of his own president, the Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company had been violating statute laws for years, among
tham the eight-hour law, the laws provided for semi-monthly payment >in
cash, not script, and the law providing
check weighmen so that miners should
not be cheated out of five to eight
hundred pounds on every car.
He did not know that the sub-company operating the camp store paid
20 per cent a year on an Inflated capitalization, and that the prices charged
at these stores were so high that the
wretched miners were in the habit of
smuggling trunks into town to bring
back filled with food. Tills was discovered, and the rule was made that
trunks could not be taken out except
for "long visits."        ,    <
He did not know that Welborn and
Bowers, the two officials to whom he
looked for reports on labor conditions,-
had never been known to visit a mine,
he did not know tbat .the Colorado
Fuel and Iron Company was notorious
for Its corrupt interest in Colorado
politics, and when asked if he would
vote to discharge an executive official caught spending money corruptly,
he said that he would ".have to know
the conditions."
he admitted, would take years. He
also admitted that ^Mackenzie King,
che Canadian employed to conduct this
"impartial, investigation," had written
him in; August,.. 19J4, stating that the
European war would bring hard times
to the United Statqj}, and that resultant unemployment .would make workers so eager to hold their jobs e,t a living wage that the question of unionism would not cut much account. In
which, he suavely opined, "lies a possible avenue of approach toward restoring normal conditions in Colorado."
Men kept in subjection by the fear
6f starvation! And such a man, suggesting such a horrible policy, is pre-,
sented to the country as one who will
make a "fair" investigation of labor
conditions!
Let us now put this type of employer to one side, and consider representatives of another class, equally.definite in its autocratic attitude toward
labor, but far more subtle in its large
and profuse expressions of democratic
good will. George W. Perkins, that
pillar of the late Progressive party,
that eminent thinker whose one idea
is to put his giant intellect at the service of humanity, is a fine ekample.
Mr. Perkins was enthusiastically ln
fa-vor of unions. He loved the principle. But, alas, there were no
"good" unions. Organized labor, as It
is today, pursues its "objective from
too much of a selfish point of view."
It is all the time thinking of its own
interests.
So difefrent from the policies of the
International Harvester Company and
the United States Steel Corporation,
two companies in which Mr. Perkins
Is a director, and in the employ of
which union men are not allowed. The
workers lir the steel company, by the
way, hold 10 per cent of the stock,
yet Mr. Perkins admitted that they
had not yet been given representation
on the board of directors. Among
other things he said: **
"I think the big difference oetween
tbo employer of labor and labor is the
feeling on the part of the employer
that he cannot get fair treatment from
h!s government; that the government
is more inclined to give labor fair
treatment, and more inclined to recognize labor and its right to organize
than it is to recognize that principle
in buf-.iness."
Commissioner Garretson: Isn't it
rather—well,at least entertaining—to
find when for fifty centuries the master has made the law, that when within
the century the man has assorted his
right to a voice ln the enactment of
laws, that the question of fairness is
so often raised?
Mr. Perkins did make one admission.
emphatic in bis assertion that the
workers must organize for proper protection, and; he thought the United
States many years behind England
and Germany in laws.for the welfare
of the toilers. Labor, he said plainly,
wanted "more of the comforts and necessaries of life, and more df the luxuries; and thoy are entitled to tbem
and ought to get-them.."
He felt that employers should recognize labor unions and deal with
them, and, furthermore, be agreed
with* Hfr. Perkins that the directors of
a corporation are "absolutely responsible for" the management of the business, and for the condition of the laborers and everything that pertains, to
tbe welfare of the business."
What could be finer? Yet the grim
fact remains that Jhe Guggenheim influences' fought the eight-hour law in
Colorado from the first, and yflien it
was passed finally with appHcafcltn to
smelters, the smelter men were transferred to the payroll of a Guggenheim
railroad in order to evade the law.,
•Few people have ever heard ef Edward J. Berwlnd, yet this Inconspicuous gentleman confessed to owning
huge coal mines in Pennsylvania and
West Virginia,'and to bolng a director
tn,.the Erie, the Santa Fe, tha Interborough, the International Mercantile
Marine, not to mention various banks,
.steamship companies and other Industrial enterprises. He dld*not make It
a.practice to visit the properties, he
kp'ew nothing of the wages and hours
in them, although he did know that in
,h!s coal companies they took the union scale of wages as the basis of
their operations.
He was bitterly opposed to unions, j
however, feeling that the remedy for
grievances should be found In legislation. When asked how an individual coal miner, for instance, could go
about the business of getting a protective law adopted, he answered
blithely, ".My dear sir, he has just as
much access to the legislature as you
and I have." To a long list of ques-.
tione relating to social legislation he
replied, "I have not given those questions any consideration at all."
Mr. Jacob Schiff could not remember
all the companies in wblch he was a
director, nor could he tell of auy interest taken in the labor conditions of
any country in which he was a director. He thought, however, that directors were responsible for proper labor
conditions, and that in event of a
threatened strike it was their duty to
inform themselves of the facts in order to exercise supervision over the
executive officials.
>Mr. Schiff, like Mr Guggenheim, was
resolute in his belief tbat labor had
the right to organize, and should, but
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forces ont tlie diseased tissue.
Zam-Bokcures from the bottom
ap.; . This is the j reason that
sores., and -skin diseases cured
by Zam-Bqk, do riot return'.   .
Zam-Buk'is entirely different from all Qther ointtaents;
It d9.es not contain harsh minerals; or poisonous - coloring
matter.- Nor does it contain
coarse animal'fats, which, in a
short time, go rancid,. Zam-
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Many people have beencured
oy Zam-Buk after haying-suffered years, and spent hundreds
of dollars trying various remedies in vain. If yon suffer from
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benefit by the experiences of
others. Try Zam-Buk first.
Don't trouble with useless
remedies.
Zam-Buk is unequalled for
eczema, piles, pimples, cuts,
burns, bruises, cold sores, frost
bite's, chapped hands, and all
skin diseases and injuries.
We are so convinced that a
trial of Zam-Buk will prove to
you its superiority, that we will
send you a FREE TRIAL box
on receipt of this article, name
of paper, and lc. stamp to pay
return'postage. Address Zam-
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All Druggists and Stores tell
Zam-Bulc at JOc. box
-VCI
We Are ReadVtp;Scotch
ott you* bill'any item^f I-amber not
fpirad^ust"n\ we represented!   There--
loJ no Hocus poc'us is  y
/thia Lumber Business
.When you wast spruce we do not
send you hemlock.-. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip is *
lot of culls, Those who buy once front
us always coine again. Those who-
have not yet mado our acquaintance
are taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
f— Dealers In —  '   %
Lumber, Lath, 8hlngtea, Sash and
Doors. 8PECJALTIES-- Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson awe.
Opposite G.'N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23, ,„
Jlo
Ktk
,te^7
DicPrice's
CAEAM
There Is no alum in Dr. Price's
Cream Baking: Powder. The names
of ita inpTftriwwts printed rm tb$
label of every can,'show it to be
made from Cream of Tartar, which
comes from grapes.
No alum baking powder or food oot*
tabling alum it permitted to bt sold in
many countnw. io nvuia aium ran uw
label and tat only baking powder made
-lit,
„In_splie^}t-tbe-Gd!aina!-Igaorfinc€S-
and indifferences, he was forced to
admit thn( onJuly 27, 1914, President
Walborn had written him as follow;-:
"My health has never been better than
during the past year, and I am hardly
conscious of any strain. The know-
ledge that we have your confidence
and support makes everything easy."
When asked if he had ever at any
•time made the slightest Investigation
to see whether this "support" was
Justified, that ts, whether Welborn
had treated the men fairly, he answered, "I have not had the opportunity." •■'/•■
What he did have the opportunity
to do, however, was to hire the presB
agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad,
one Ivy Lee, at 11,000 a month, for the
purpose of writing and publishing bulletins to be scattered broadcast over
the country for the purpose of "letting people know the truth." Ue wrote
the bulletins ln Philadelphia, had them
printed In Philadelphia, and then shipped tbem to Denver for mailing In
order that people might think them
written in Denver. On the stand he
admitted that he had merely taken the
Information furnished him by Welborn and that he had mado no effort to
verify the truth of this Information,
and that even when he wired Wei-
horn that one notorious Ile should be
corrected. Welborn still persisted In
mailing the particular bulletin.
Mr. Rockefeller was quite free In admitting the right of workers to organise, but under questioning, this dialogue vaulted;
Mr. Rockefeller: I think the pro*
pertly of thin fotintry ts being best
conserved by large corablntlons in Industries.
Chairman Walsh; Would or would
not national organisation* of employees be necessary both rrom a logical and practical standpoint?
A. There you are again getting
into a technical question that I am
sorry I hart not the Information with
whlrh to answer.
Q. At a cltlien, I ash yoa sttould
not the representatives of aurh mrtrtn-
Ixationa of empolyees he' permitted to
rxiTclse their functions without later-
for-tnt"* or restriction so long at they
uso lawful means?
A.*As a eitlxen It is • question
which t bate never experienced.
Wfc*«   *ttN»*   tit****   1*   It*******,*.   *1 9*
I Kerrr Port *em14 tab* a TM->t<wrt*m1 tn- f
I tertet In the work and welfare «f mxotf
I one of his ttfitto employees, scattered
I ell over; tbt world, even while cdbdeet*
Ing the business himself, Mr. ftoeke-
I tellar tmawarmtt tmtim aerlrtmalr 1**1
the Ford company made money enough
to afford detent tn*UMM for He tntn.
tn twelve years tbe -Rockefellers have
taken ovei IM0M0O out vt the Colorado Pool ami Imt Compear •• t return oft their l»re«UM«-L the eorpon*
ii in Wa» a tturpNa ot ftVrtrt.Ww, aad
ibe holdings feast tppmtated ■twtet
■ »i-u.w»).tnH» tn versa
By way of Mttlaf evtrytbtftg right,
aot srifrist -e*t every Mgleet, At.
Rockefeller u>M hew the Rockefeller
Foundation bad appropriated $1.000,.
om tm ntoAyinp iotnurtnt wtttt. TMe |
l^,^L-p,._*WJ.)r*_ho-rH_aLn_v,ftrvJ4un.
damental cause of Industrial unrest.
Q. Do you consider It necessary to
the permanent success of a large Industrial organization, and to the welfare of the people engaged In It, when
It becomes highly organized or centralized, that a definite and businesslike
survey should be constantly kept, covering laboring conditions and the conditions ot the working people in the industry, which information should be
kept, at a constant command and under the notice ot the management or
directors of the corporation?       /
A. I "think It Is highly necessary,
and I would go further than that and
say it should be at the command df all
public authorities, and there ought to
be some law requiring the filing ot
that, lust as there Is a law requiring
the filing of a financial statement.
Q. .From your experience as a director and manager of these large concerns, is It perfectly feasible to do so
it one ls willing and desirous?
A. Yes, tlr. I think it Is far more
important thun to keop a constant 'Inspection of the machinery and the
plant. If the machinery ot a plant Is
worth Inspection and keeping In proper repair and proper condition, certainly the men are."
Mr. Daniel Guggenheim, head of the
smelter trust, could not tell off-hand
how many employees were on hit payroll. Hut like Mr, Parkins, he had
some splendid radical ideal.    He wat
ion was bitter against unions, and
maintained a black-list.' He did not
believe that any child under fourteen
should be employed in labor of any
kind, but he did not know tbat for
years the Westerti Union used little
boyB in tbe night messenger service
and that out of contact with vice and
crime, 60 per cent, of them were graduated into reformatories.
8urely, atter eliciting such testimony
the Commission on Industrial Relations should not feel it necessary to
make further investigation into the
causes of industrial unrest On tho
one hand directors, utterly Ignorant ot
the human element In Industry, only
Interested In dividends, and beneath
them a set of hired underlings called
"executive officials" whose jobs are
dependent upon the production of dividends, and who, in view of inflated
capitalisations, ean only earn these
dividends by low wages and long
hours.
On the other hand the army ot tollers, working for an employer whose
only visible representative ts « petty
foreman, unable to protect themselves
as individuals, and denied the right
to organise under threat of discbarge
and blacklisting.-
Millions in men tnd money handed
over to tome ton at t birthday gift—
the destinies of thousands dependent
upon a stock-market transaction!
Aad yet there It wonder at "Industrial tinrest."--Pearson's Magazine.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries,  Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with the  best Wines
Liquors and Cigars
DINING BOOM IN CONNECTION
W HILLS, • Prop
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
A. Macnell 8. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,  Solicitors,  Notarise,  Etc.
Office*:   Ground Floor, Bank oi
Hamilton   Building Fernie* B. C
F. C. Lawe,
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE 4 FISHER    |
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, & C.
\|
Who is Your
Printer?
Try a Ledger Ad.
DO you ever consider
the importance of
00 the use of stationery
that is in harmony yrith
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
If you want really high
c.lftM<prifitiftg"tti* Irfnd
we always produce-try
us with your next order
The District Ledger
"QUALITY* PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :-:   Fernie, B. C.
l
sfNV
•'■*w*?fi* ~«^ -4*!
li-wag-j^W yyy?:**^. *
(Hi, j. .\ fti!*S'iSK»*B>lt*&Wl *f5**»*t!*^<,t!' THE DMTRIOT LE^EE, rFg£!P& $. 0„ JUAY15,19X5
Page SEVEN
LIST OF PERSONS
TO
The list printed below contains the names of persons whose retention on the voters
list has beep objected to. Should yowr name occur among those printed below, and you still
be a bona fide resident in the district, a .note sent to the Registrar of Voters, Provincial
Building, Feroie, stating that you jg,r$ still a resident should ensure your name being
retained.    No one has been struck off yet     Notify the Registrar of Voters if your name has
C i
$>een objected to by error so as to reach him before Monday 17th inst.
- 22,   Allan, Alexander McDerni-id, Hosmer, fireboss.
Ti   Allen, George,.Fernie, lot 4, bk. 19, laborer.
26   Allen, Levi, Fernie Annex Extension, miner.
44   Amberman, Harold (Troop, iFernle, Oity "policeman.
65 , Angelucci, Nicobli, Coal Creek, miner.
70   Appleby, Charles, W. Fernie, miner.
• 74   Arbuckle, John jr., Ooal Creek, miner.
78 Armstrong; Thomas, Coal Creek, laborer--
79 Armstrong, John, Ooal Creek, miner.
87.   Atherton, David, Coal Creek, House 181, iMotorman.
92   Atkinson, Jonathan, Coal Creek, House 119, miner.
3.   Abraham William James, iMichel, teamster.
. 87.   Austin, Wesley John, Elko, chaffeur
77   Armstrong, Thaddeus G„ Elko.
10-1 Backus, Leslie, Fernie, real estate
105 Bafaro, Blnglo, Hosmer, miner.
125. Banister, J, E„ Coal Creek.'
.130 Banylo, Steve, Hosmer, miner.
147 Barr, Hugh, Fernie, miner.
159 Bateman, J^ Hosmer, miner.
161 Bates, James, Bull River, hotelkeeper.
173 Beaton, Angus Stephen, Crow's Nest
176 Beaudlon, John Alfred, Hosmer, cook.
193 Bell, George Ingersoll B., Fernie, banker.
198 Bennett, William .Thomas, Coal Creek, machinist.
521 Birkeit, Harold, Coal Creek, Welsh camp, blacksmith.
228 Blrkett, Walter, Coal Creek, Welsh Camp, inlner.
272 Bracken, John, Fernie, Hanson Ave., miner.
2S4. BrewesMiobert Moore, Fernie, electrician.
591 Broley, James A., Fernie, lot 4, bk. 52, contractor.
2% Brooks, Harold,vHosmer. storekeeper.
323 Brownrigg, John, Hosmer, foreman.
S38 Burns, Francis J„ Fernie lot 1, blk. 51, accountant.
339. Burns, Thomas, Fernie, Cox st., nlghtwatohman.
343 Butala, Charles, Fernie, Cox st, miner.
344 Butala John, Fernie, Cox st„ miner.
345 Butcher, Walter E., Fernie, Pellatt Ave, car Inspector
346 Butlln, James Wheeler, Hanbury, Jewell's mill, book
keeper.
 Qa'±
mtm,-U^jrfm,m
723 Bmbnd, John Ferdinand, Hosmer, laborer.
733 Erlckson, Alexander, Fernie, laborer.
714 Edwards, John, Michel House 74, engineer.
703 Easton,-David, lEiko, carpenter,
756 Fallows, Albert, Hosmer, miner.
765 Farr, Barnard, Fernie, Pellatt Ave., baker.
773. Fearson, George Davidson, Coal Creek, miner.
783 Ferguson, Harry, Fernie,~Central Hotel, bookman.
808 Fitzpa trick, John, Fernie, Central hotel, lumberjack.
809 Fltzpatrjck, Thomas John, Hoemer, fireboss.
818 Flowers, George Emerson, Ferule, clerk.
821 Fontain, Louis, Hosmer, teamstes
834 'Foster, Robert, Fernie, King's Hotel, miner.
841 Fox, Henry, Coal Creek, House 116, miner.
S47v Fraser.David Sangster, Hosmer, bookkeeper.
855 Fuller, Hamilton, Brock, Hosmer, accountant.
846 Fraser, Alex., Natal, miner.
750 Fair, John, Elko, carpenter.
S20 Folsy, Thomas, Elko, camp foreman.
822 Foote, William, Elko, farmer
805 Fisher, John Arnold, Crow's Nest, hpokkeeper.
814 Flewelllng, Robert, Crow's Nest, fireman.
817 Flowers, Ricardo, Crow's Nest, machinist.
866 Gallier, George, Fernie Annex, lot 4, bk. 84, miner.
872 Garrett, William Alfred, Ferule, Fire Hall.
883 Gaydes, Paul, Fernie, Baker Ave,, miner.
887 Gorgy, Joseph, Hosmer, miner.
901 G-llett, Charles, Fernie, Colclough Ave., miner.
911 Goodbout, Frederick, Waldo, mlllhand.
924. Goulet, John .Baptise, Hosmer, carpenter.
927 Gourlay, John, Coal Creek, miner.
928 Gourlay, Robert Stewart, Hosmer, machinist.
93u Granato, Vicenzo, Hosmer, miner,
936 Grant, Alexander, Malnstee, sawyer.
937 Grant, James, Malnstee, sawyer.
938 Grant, Alexander, Jafiray, sawyer.      f
939 Grant, John Edward, Hosmer, blacksmith's helper.
940 Grant, John George, Hosmer, blacksmith.
"w*emv*K7^"U"jT"wn"un'rw»Il^n
138 Barkhouse, Harry, Elko, lumberman.
310 Brown Isaac, Elko, engineer.
544 Begle, Henry^jCoal Creek, engineer.
292 Broaley, William Henry, Fernie, foreman.
2?ao Broajey, Robert WUsonL Fern-ie^-foreman.
335 Burke. John" Edmund, Crowds Nest, storekeeper.
123 Ball, William, Corbin, fireman.
232. Bookhout, Robert, Corbin, carpenter.
313 Brown David, Corbin, pitboss.
853 1-allard, W, R. Fernie. fire warden
36.". Campbell, Arthur Hell. Hosmer, Main St.. insurance
agent
367 Campbell, John Henry, Hosmer, motorman.
389. Carrara, Frank, Fernie, Roma Hotel, mill laborer.
393 Carruthers, James, Fernie, Central hotel, mlllhand.
420 Champagne. Dafle, Fernie Waldorf hotel, bartender.
429 Chester, John, Coal Creek, House 194, miner.
430 ,,Ckoy, Joseph, Fernie, miner.
463 Coekshutt. William H. Hull river, wine clerk.
tm Connor, John, Fernie. railway foreman.
433 <-onroy, James, Ferule, Pellatt Ave., miner.
tm Cooper, John Llewellyn. Fernie. brtdgeman.
812 Cornett, Talbot Arthur, Hosmer, undertaker.
r>14 Cornlnh, James, Fernie, laborer
BI5 Cornish, James, Fernie, lumberjack.
817 Corrlgall, William, Hbsmer, laborer.
tm Coutts, Alexander, Hosmer, miner.
540 Cox. Ernest Alfred, Hosmer. stationary engineer.
541 Crabb, George, Coal Creek, miner.
545 Craig, David, Fornle. Dalton Ave., miner.
Mt Craig, John, Fernie, laundry manager.
547 Craig. William Harrier, Hoamer, engineer.
m. Crawford, W41li*m, Weat Fernie. teamster.
6&I. Critcbton, Robert, Pernie, miner.
t*U Critch, John. Fernie. laborer.
W5 Critchley, Thomai. i*ernle Anne*, miner.
55? Crompten, William, Coel Creek. Welsh Oemp. miner.
UTo Cunningham, John, Hosmer. carpenter.
fX. tmhtu**, huwAu, atU-M, Winer.
401 Cochrane, John, Natal, Michel House 107, miner.
121 Chapman, (len. K„ Elko, bartender.
43:, ChiwU, Jamtt, Elko, lumberman.
491 Conrad, fltowell. Who, lumberman.
ItT Collins, Arthur William, Waldo, pror. constable.
tm vragle, Norman. Hanbury, engineer.
tit <'hi I mow. Wm, Ctoo'n Nest, bartender.
41J, Cat©, Don A., Corbin, prospettor.
mt tmriano, Pa-squale, Hoemer, miner.
5W Da ten, George, Ferale Anne*. »tsw.
mt iPtitm Jswea, ceal Creek, linns* iti, miner,
«:, tfcretler, Heetnr, FiHHe, laborer
«ns ■■'tKre, Giovanni. Hoemer, laborer.
Mf Dorento, (ilusew*. M-namer. miner,
Wi Downing, I'lyeeen Grant, fwnlt, hotelman.
m,   Itrnnoal, Fernie, I*f*fM Hotel, drayman.
ttr,i liroW;, Umpb, Hoamer, laborer.
€71 Droitt. Joseph Inter. Hoemer, laborer.
Ui Padliey, lobe, Cokaio. Intmti   -
mt IWitiior* Oawmei 1 titpt*e P*r*t* birr Amettmnm *f*1m
pm f>ann. tPirVt, tAynm Uke. ewttnetwr.
1453 Mallard, Ulysses Joseph, Hosmer, lumberman.
1454 iMalbon, Daniel, West Fernie, miner.
1497   iMatthews, John, Hosmer, Royal Hotel, porter.
1510 'Maze, Alexander L., Fernie, miner.
1522   iMlchell, Dudley, Coal Creek, House 159,, timekeeper
1526   iMlddleton, iRobert, Hosmer, fireboss.
1530   Miller, George, Hosmer, miner.
1537   Miller, William, Hosmer, Royal hotel, engineer
1545 ■ .'Mills, Edwin, Fernie, Central Hotel, laborer.
1572   Monks, Adam, Fernie Annex, fireman.
1597   Morrison, John Alex., Hosmer, Royal hotel, teamster
1590   Morrison, John E., Fernie .merchant tailor.
1602   Mortiti, Crow's Nest^section foreman.
1635 Mutz, Albert, Ferjale, brewer.
1636 Myers, John, Coal Creek, French camp, miner.
1442   Maddlcks, J, A., Crow's Nest, locomotive fireman.
1577   Monfbbetti, Tony, /Michel, tracklayer. i
1581   Moores, Albert, Michel, miner.
1594   Morris, Lionel, iMichel.
1612    Muir, David, Elko, C. 'P. R. pumpman.
Mitchell, Garfield Raymond, Fernie, bank clerk.
Matthews, George Alfred, Crow's Nest, machinist,
Musgrove', John Thomas, Hosmer, overman.,
Milne, Herbert W., Waldo, mill supt.
1511 Mazzanobile, Thomas, Ferine, shoemaker.
1529    Millar, Alexander, Hosmer, stableboss.
.McAlpln, John, Coal Creek, house 298, fireboss.
McCullum, Arthur Albert, Fernie, lumberjack.
McDonald, Hugh James, Fernie, woodsman.
McDonald, Hector, Hosmer, lampman.
1679   McDonald, -.Malcolm, Fernie, Central h., woodsman
1682   IMacdonald, William, Fernie, King's hotel, laborer.
1687   McDougall, Peter, Hosmer, teamster.
1714   Mcintosh, Finlay, Fernie, Queen's hotel, lumberman
1724   McKay, John James, Fernie, Central hotel laborer
1726   McKay,'Murdoch, Fernie, Central h., road foreman
1733   'McKee, John, Elko, bridge foreman.
1737   'McKee, Tliomas, Hosmer, miner.
1739   'McKelvle Alexander, Hosmer, miner.
1751   McLachlan, Andrew, Fernie, Napanee h.. bartender.
1557
1496
1634
1549
1642
1646
1668
1672
2053   Rankin, George, Hosmer, fire boss.
2109   Rlvero, James, Corbin, trapper.
2217
1:319
■§41—(sraitr"WiiiiaTu^™FernTe7^aT^^
945 Green, Sam, Fernie, Chlpman Ave., clerk.
955 Gregory Ernest George, Fernie, Central hotel, cook.
962 Griffin, Wm., Fernie, Morrison's camp, lumberman.
964 Griffith, Earl Hume, Fernie Lumber Co., teamster.
975 Grlgg, Robert, Fernie Annex, lot 3, bk. 93, machinist.
'977 Grundy, Morgan, Fernlo, King Edward hotel, porter,
9S3 Guldo, Cannaro, Fernie, miner.
908 Gob, Giovanni. .Michel, miner.
970 Guerin. Villa, Spurwood, house 131, bush foreman.
900 Glle, L. D„ Elko, laborer.
902 Glllls, Angus, Elko, lumberman.       ,
963 Griffin, William James, Fernlo, teamster.
899 Gilchrist, Andrew, Fernie, Miner.
942 Graves, F. K., brow's Nest, laborer.
965 Griffith, Samuel, Crow's Nest, boiler maker.
989   Haigh, Thomas, West Fernie, miner.
998 Hall Stephen 'Motcalf, Coal Creek, House 168, minor,
999 Hall, Thomas W„ Coal Creek, house 110, miner.
1032   Hardie, George, Coal Creek, miner.
1019   Hart, Albert Edward, Fernie Annex, miner.
1066   Hayes, Wallace, Fernler Central hotel, laborer.
1072   Henbro w, Frank, Fernie Annex Extent, mine worker.
1080  Hewitt, Hosea, Coal Creek, house 117, bookkeeper
USO  Hurot, George Robert, Fernlo, Waldorf h., laborer.
1159  Hutton, Robert, Coal Creek, house 18$, Engine oiler.
1043   Harrison, .Tames, iMichel, miner,
1080   Henthorn, H. C, Natal, clerk.
1010   Hamilton, Christopher, Crow's Nest, sect, foreman
1097   Hilts, A., Crow's Nest, teamster.
1139  Hulmo. Wm., Hosmer, switchman.
1091   Hill, John B„ Corbin, timekeeper.
1110   Hbiisark, Edward, Waldo, laborer.
1120 Hoisaek, John, Waldo, mlllhand.
1167 Ibbertaon, George, Fernie, McPherson Ave., painter.
1177 Ireland, Wllllnm, Coat Creek, miner.
lis; Ives Thomas, Fernie, pumpman,
I ISO Irwin, James Lawson, Femle, teamster.
ItfOK  Johanson, Mlkel, lloiraer, miner.
Wi  Johnson. Hugh -lumen, Fernie, Central hotel, laborer
12&3  Joyce, Patrick, Pernio, Queen's Hotel, miner.
1212  Johnson, Alfred Raymond. Fernie. King Kdward
hotel, clerk,
1225  Johnson. Robert Alei., Crew's Nest, cook.
1210 Kay, William II., Hoemer, fanman.
W9 Kendall, Nicholas Forteaeee. Hosmer bk. manager.
UU Kennedy, IVter Norman, Fernie, blacksmith.
1204 Knoiina, Joseph. Coal Creek, home i95» miner.
ISM Knovles. lompb. Coal Creek, Vttttb tnmp, miner.
IS22 Kattle Joseph, Hoemer. Royal hotel bartender.
ISM King. Thomas, Kllto. enelneer
ItM Klrkboff. Herman. Waldo setter,
ISI1 Voteh, CbnAtm, Hoemer. miner.
I'M Uf.k. ionepb. Itmntmer, miner.
tttt Lefek, Winds, llttsmer, miner.
mp hntlmm. mitp IK, Conl tStoob. Mtetman.
»!•♦    t <M*t*h  arnftr*-.!   Itttatmn* *******
i Mnt  l.ntrb. Una* llonmtr, miner
T7TI McLe^T^mes^erberErTTraleTFlreHallTcierk.
1810 MoVelgb, Thomas George, Hanbury, Jewell's Mill,
ddgerman,
1703 McGovern, James, Michel, miner.
1705 'McGovern, Pete, Michel, miner.
1754 McLaughlin, Laughlin, McGillivray, log**j:ng foreman
iVSO iMcNell.'John, Natbl, miner.
1681 iMcDonald, Arthur, Elko, lumberman.
1738 McKee, Edward, Elko, lumberman.
1773 MoMahon, John, Elko, rancher.
1671 McDonald, Dan John, Fernie, lumberjack.
1712 .Mclnnes, Malcolm, Crow's Nest, lumberman,
1705 .McGovern, Peter, iMichel, miner.
1710 Mclnnes, Hugh, A., Crow's Nest, lumberman.
1803 McRae, Al. Frederick, Corbin, teamster.
1790 MoPhereori, Donald Cameron. Waldo.
1816 Nay, John, Hosmer, physician.
1823 Nellies, David, Hoamer. motorman.
1824 Nellies, tiobaatlan. Hosmer, miner.
1841 Newton, Frank, Hosmer. clerk.
1850 Noodle, Kmmanuel, Hosmer, teamster,
i.,; Newson. William. Elko, lumberman.
1833 Newman, Albert, Corbin, laborer.
U85 Orr, Andrew, Fernie, Northern hotel, clerk.
1800 Oakes. Wm., Michel, miner.
187* O'Keefp, Bylvpster V>„ Elko, clerk.
1887 Orr. Samuel Sloan, Fernie, laborer.
1*18 Psrrotta, 8»lvatore, Hosmer, laborer.
1932 Pearson, William, Galloway, lumberman.
1993 Pooler. Alfred Edward, Morrissey, woodman.
Sooi Poulln, Riigene, r*ernle, Central Hotel, porter.
2001 Powers, Thomaa, Fernie, Central hotel, laborer.
2noi pratt, A. 0., Hoamer, teamster.
2009 Price Walter Douglas. Fernie, laborer.
2015   price, Walter, Hosmer, Royal hotel, miner.
2020   Purcell, Edmund. Hosmer, bullmaker.
1918   Pasta, Jewmlsb, Fernie. miner.
i»2?   Pearce. r'wnlt U.. Michel, leacher.
2011   Price. John, Michel, miner.
ini'i   i'riugta, Peter. Elko, teamster.
19*J   Poaione, Cormene. Coel Creek, miner.
1920   Pat«rion, Th»». Cunningham. I'row'e Nest machinist
l»|l   l»arneil, atone H., Corbin, carpenter.
Scott, John Willard, Hosmer, switchman.
Scott, William, Hosmer, motorman.
2229 Serson, Peter, i-ernie, teamster.
2235 Shanks, John, Coal Creek, mine manager.
2236 Shapka, Harry, Hosmer, Main St., coal chute mgr.
2237 Sharp, David^Fernle Annex, miner.
2241 Shaw, Thomas J., Hosmer, overman.
2241 Shaw Thomas, .!., Hosmer, overman.
2249 Shingar, John, Fernie, Queen's Hotel, miner.
2252 Sherwood, Claude Robert, West Fernie, batcher.
2263 Silverwood, A. J., Fernie, miner.
2266 Singleton, Robert Clifton, Hosmer, hoistman.
2273 Simpson, John Thomas, Hosmer, lampman.
2293 Slade, Arthur, Coal Creek, house 162, stableman.
2314 Smith, John A., Hanbury, Jewell's mill, blacksmith.
2331 Southern, William, Fernie, Central Hotel, carpenter
2336 Spears Albert H„ Ferule, Fire Hall, teamster.
2341 Spencer, John \V„ Hosmer, foreman.
2354 Starr, Wallace, Fernie, miner.
2357 Stedman, George, Hosmer, proprietor.
2385 Stewart, Geo. Wilson, Fernie Dalton ave., hoistman.
2387 Stewart James, sr., Fernie, miner.
2389 Stewart, Robert, Fernie, teamster.
2390 Stewart, Robert Taylor, Corbin, mine manager.
2391 Stewart, Thos Wilson, Fernie, Dalton ave., hoistman
2404 Strong, Herbert James, Hosmer, lumberman.
2345 Sproule, William T„ Corbin, stable boss.
2386 Stewart, Jack, Corbin, teamster.
2403 Strong, John G„ -Sparwood, lumberman.
2244 Shenfield, William. Ellio, bartender.
2277 Sinclair,  Robert Hamilton,   Elko, accountant.
2295 -Slater, Thomas, Elko, lumberman.
2352 Stenhouse, John Bon., Elko, Merchants' bank, teller
2375 Stephenson, James A., Elko, lumberman.
2380 Stewart, James, Elko, C. P. R., police work.
2414 Sweet, Frank, Elko, rancher.
J3^fi_^tasBail!1JackIjCQrbIn^.Uaaastsr*. 	
Directory of Fraternal
.   Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets * every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. -McNicholas,
ESTHER REBEKAH
LODGE NO. 20
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Noble  Grand-—A,   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays ia
each month.
John »». Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657,
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday a* 7.30
p.m. in their own Hali. /lo-
toria Avenue.
C. C, J. Combe.
K. of S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Maddlson;
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets   every    Monday  at
7:30 p. m., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, J. Sweeney,
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in Uie K. P. Hall
'se«>i 3 and lourth Friday of
tach mom.li at 8 p. m.
M*RS. I. HROOKS. W. M.
•Miss Flora -McGuire, Sec.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
al the K, 1\ Hall first and
thirt Friday evening of each
month at 7.30. Visiting brethren cordially Invited.
It" CRIOHTON. W. M.
v. SKILLING, Rec. Sec.
l«lt/»\T,"«\T--*\T,-MT*t;^^
2190 Sentoro, Paul, Coal Creek, coal passer.
2202 Savoy, Charles Jaspar, Coal Creek, timekeeper.
2325 Sneddon, David, Crow's Nest, car repairer.
2335. Sparham, Samuel, Crow's Nest, laborer.
22*!2 Shaw, Wlllljun, Hosmer, mine manager.
2290 Stewart, Robert Taylor, Corbin, mine manager,
2355 Stearns, William -Thomas, Waldo, lumberman.
2117 Tail, James Hall, Fernie, Northern hotel, carpenter
2435 Terrls. Andrew, Fernie, .McPherson Ave., miner.
2436 Terrls, James, Fernie, McPherson Ave., miner.
2445 Tliomas, John, Fernie, lumberjack.
2l5o   Thompson, Harry Gordon, Fernie. Victoria Ave.,
C. P. II. clerk.
2153 Thompson. Joseph Spreer, Fernie, Agent C. N. R.
2154 Thompson, Mllo, Fernie, King's Hotel, teamster.
245A   Thompson, Joseph S., Ferule, clerk.
2463 Thorn, Benjamin Leimard. Hosmer, civil engineer.
2468 Tland, Domenico,..Morrissey, laborer.
2I7« Tiffin, Reuben Taylor, West Fernie, miner.
2514 Tyler, Joseph Aloyslus, Femle, clerk,
2425 Tnylor, John E., Natal, manager.
2442 Thomaa, Charles, Michel, miner.
2488 Tra vl*, Thomas, Mlchol, bouse 171, laborer.
ttm Thomas, Wllllnm James, Klko, teamster.
2ir>2 Thompson, John Andrew, Elko, bridge supt.
Thompson, Andrew, Elko,
247.", Todbtinter, Albert, Elko, laborer,
2176 Totlhunter, John aibtfon, Elko, carpenter.
2178 Todbunter. Stanley, Elko.
2.M6   Inoka, Mike, ..Michel, shack 411, miner.
2518   Vat-bon. Clair, Femle. Central Hotel, laborer.
2*>ai   Valpola Kugene, Keml<». rtnperlal Hotel,' teamster.
2'»20   Valller, .lirry. Fernie. Pellatt Are., bartender.
:."..'.(i   WiilUi-K, ..Ilk*'. Ilm-uivr, miu«r,
2.*«2   Walsh. Harry Patrick, Femle, cvniml h, tenm*l*r
•:;,n:>   Walter, Samuel, !lo»mer, Camp *, barn boss.
2'.«7   Walton.  William  McNeil,  Pt»rnle,  Howland  Ave..
clergyman.
2'itI   \Vardro;>, James, Hotmer, miner.
:*"l   Waneaski. JoMpb, Fernie, (juet»n's hoiet, min«-r
;."i*ni   Watson. Arthur James, Femle, contractor.
2-'i«*   Watson. William, P«rnjf>, t'-inadian Itank of Cont
mere*, thru,
2819   Whelan, Patrick Vln«»ni. Fernie, bote»k*«t*er.
Win   Wbelan. Thomaa Hugh, F«<ml#>, bot«»lk»«««t«er
A   Good   Bargain   in
En amel Ware, See
our window for prices
tmt Qnln   lit, Ke* Michel, miner.
2039 Quinn, JiMts, Alee., Corbin. miner.
iOtP Qnlnn. .lames A.. Corbin, miner.
1 :■*:':, Whin, Ale<*., F<>rnl«>, Morrison'* eamp, tnmtwrmiib.
•m* R»e, ItetM Henry, ffrnte, Ontml Hotel, brtk^m.'ii J 2«*2 Willi?*, Tom Harrison, Fertile, art ouisunt.
»SS Itankln, (Iseriiw, Hosmer, fireboss. '*- ««*7 Whtoh, tP-tul. Hosmer. Wue«-u'» Hotel, laborer.
mi Itnnkin, William, Hosmer, miner, j 3*?.-* Wilton, Jsnwi. F*r»|#, Italton Are., tnimr
tmt W,i. Itm*, l"i?-%*3*. KlRg't 1I*'.«J, labont. , -"»***' '-ViUa-s. WU:;*-*. i'«-*', x'.**.*b. »*«•«« *>;, ttttrttman.
f JOM Wli*  Mttot ntebnti, tlmmrt. ilmhtt funter.       \ «T« W«»etj. William. Pernk, miner.
tW M<**rtMB, John Ales. Femle, \V»ldorf P., engineer. I -*'«♦ W«idh*»o»e, Altretl, Femle. printer.
I Slfl Itotwrtsen, Wm. inmen Hiddell, Waldo, asibfami \ VAt WHab'. i*hrtst«f»»w t'oa! t*r**h. a<-rt*,ir,u*\.
) im RobMimn, .leif-i*.*Hotmer, tHieen'm Hut^l, •<»«r.i.t»*«r [ *">*>'» Wnff,«»r, Uobert f», VAlu,. Jij^ntti r.n«»>i
HOW ABOUT
Garden Tools
lawn Hose
Sprinklers
Screen Doors
& Windows?
A Complete  Line  of
Paints, Varnishes  fit
Kalsomines
I "'I hi"! ,|———B
J.D. PIL
Hardware and Furniture
'Phone 17
FBRNIE
SsOe
■■"■■••■
SUA   Itobaon. Wa, HosB^r. tot 3, bk  It ptmfofrjpb^r.
Wait. Ilagh, Kike,
mt Itnntton. lohn TlMnwe, Ctw« a Meet, ear mrpmtm,
PM Hoaasehle. John. HHK-mi, Alta. miner.
M t*«nd. John WOtoo, WeMo, «8erfc.
•It lbrnn, William John, Bnynen tsbn, coniractor.
TW Attttt. MM. fAtttt.t3otitnt Hotel, mbww.
tl* IMnrnris, Vbmp, AbtAA. Intoter
tm iMwnitnee, IM., MttPel. miner.
tttt Ulonde. Victor. F*mi#, tmomtnr.
tH* Lnotnomo, HM^OIiehei. mmm.
U0& IJtoyA, fleorpn W.. Crews Neat, Hmbernmn.
I MIS t.rttn   Meemrttmr Punt** 0*wr*# S*.i  tr********
mt tnih. Henry Andrew. Wsldo. medlrel prnrUthmer. | sill   lllMwto, AU»eto. F«r*l*. tmbtmt,
I Itt tPtto, Cmm*. WeMo, B|»nMi. I $m   Ro»U»« 1. CWio. Cton'n Sem, <«r Imrrmne
»*-•*    ft«»» t*,Jb* ttfr-f   Viri'i   f'i'i...MI-.;i'  '
»!7»   n«tt*tt, W». Rdsm-H. Fertile. fan*tii**T.
tl*7   Ryan, Aa<r»*. Femle. iemt*-rt»t**k
mt   Royte. VA, mtht*, be«M It. miner.
Robert*. JSM#a. Klko. tner-etiant,
"V|* -*       *l*t : . ,,    , ,   , ,     11. i **..,.* .
,%,» » .,*-*„ $*tn i«ff«,"*auan.
V,*i-l*-i,|s!ti5,. Anlwir, \i#*MA-t, i*i^ti,if.t.
2TSI   Xmni, Chatter, Wernl*. Snpnne* hot*!, i»ort*r.
Tiil   Yate* Jo*i<j»h. MU-kel.huu-.t*. ?a, tu.it*.* ?
..».»    .9nmat., .•*■*.", *..*». m#*n* Uitamir,
*;.i*   X**m*i*. Frank ImepP, fVrnle, >**»»r#r
am
am
0 __
This list is published by the Fernie Liberal Party, who desire it to be known that they
do not wish to remove any legitimate voter from the list hence their reason for giving this
publicity. Last November 238 persons were crossed off the list by the Conservatives
BUT NOT A SINGLE NAME WAS
FwM  mppty tt fe-ttewrtnf
tor no appetising meal te
tfNete Unm.
Poultry, Butter
m* Bggs
Try pir Ctn*ttrt#|t leee-
efee fer mmorrowht brnno.
tnnt
C#U. OR PMOIft
6H|M| CitlU Cl.
PHom M moot otrm
FtRNlt. • e.
8*ULOM
nkWNN tmplm, mmm a****. -"4 ban-it- ■■*. V -
li s.
I
Page EIGHT
THI! DISTRICT LEDGES, PEENIE.B. 0., MAT 15,1915
#
1
MS
I *v
>-
US
|&
J'*.**-.
Jt-Kf
ItH'
hy
Si
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Department
Women's Suits
22 Women's Suits on Sale for $9.50
In this lot are some very attractive styles. Materials arc serge, Bedford cord, gabardine and
black silk moire. Regular prices from $18.50 to
$35.00.
Saturday Special $9.50
Women's Serge Dresses
Serge Dresses, made in plain tailored styles,
neatly trimmed with contrasting silk and lace; a
nice range of colors: tan, navy, brown Belgian blue
and black.    Sizes, 16 to 44.
Saturday Only $3.95
Children's Dresses, $1.00
Children's Wash Dresses in large assortment of
styles and colors; in gingham, Indianhead and cambric; sizes 6 to 14 years.'    Regular price from $1.50
to $2.25.                                      *
,    Saturday Special   $1.00
Boys'Wash Suits, 95c.
Boys' Suits in made and striped materials, with
contrasting collars and cuffs.     Sizes '.i to 7 years.
Saturday Special 95c.
House Dresses
Women's House Dresses in strong gingham, neatly piped with contrasting materials. Sizes 16 to
44.
Saturday Special $1.25
Corset Covers, 65c.
Women's Corset Covers, made in fine cotton,
trimmed with lace and embroidery. Sizes, 34 to
44.
Saturday Special   65c.
Dry Good Dept.
REMNANTS
Marked down very Jow to assure a speedy clearance, ln the lot are serges, cashmeres, satin cloth,
Panamas, ete. The lengths are very suitable for
ladies' skirts, children's dresses, etc. Come early
and get. your pick, because thoy won't last long.
Hosiery Specials
This is a special bargain.    Ladies' and children's
'ribbed Hoso, extra "good quality and fast black;
sizes 5 to .10.
Pay Day Special 2 pair for 25c.
Ladies' Summer Vests
Extra fine even mesh; come botli in ribbed and
plain; no sleeves and short sleeves.
Pay Day Special .. 15c.
New Wash Goods
including crepes, ginghams, prints, etc., in all
the newest weaves, designs and colorings. These
are very suitable for ladies' and children's dresses,
waists, ete.
Pay Day Special 7 yards for $1.00
New Curtain Nets and Scrims
We are now showing the biggest and best assortment of these goods ever seen in Fernie. For Pay,
Saturday we are offering a special line of Curtain
Nets. These are exceptionally good value. Extra
strong net and pretty lace effects; 50 inch wide.
Saturday Special 25c. yard
Ribbon Special
yiA inch Taffeta Ribbon in a big range of colors.
Very suitable for millinery purposes; also for children's hair ties.    Regular 30e. yard.
Pay Day Special 20c. yard
Men's Department
ECONOMIC PRICES FOR PAY DAY
A special purchase in men's Neckwear, including values up to 65c. each, will be on sale at 25c.
This lot comprises plain silk poplins, knitted silk
and a good variety of fancy silks in wide and nar.
row shapes.   See our Window.
On Sale Saturday at 25c. each
Children's Straw Hats
Mexican Hats for children are on sale in our
Men's Department at 15c each
Invictus Shoes
reflect manufacturing honesty, integrity and capability in every phase of their production from the
tanning of the hide until the final stamp of approval
is affixed in the form of the Invictus trademark.
You know what the application of scientific principles must mean in sucfh an important item of dress
as your footwear. Therefore, the next pair of
Shoes you buy should be Invictus—and the next—
Invictus, and so on.
Silk Special
20 inch Chiffon Taffeta.     Extra good quality;
nice soft finish and will not cut.     A big assortment of pretty pastel shades to select from.   Makes
up in effective waists, petticoats, etc.   Regular 85e.
'yard.
Pay Day Special 50c. yard
Grocery Specials
Sweet Biscuits, 2 lbs 25
Weston's Soda Biscuits, 2 lb. tin '., 25.
Robin Hood Roiled Oats, 8 l'b. sack 40
Robin Hood Cream of "Wheat, 2 pkgs     .25
Braid's Ideal Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs. 75
Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin 45
Canned Peaches, 2 lb. tins, 2 for     .35
Seeded Rasins, per pkg 10
Oranges, large size, per dozen 40
Red Seal Jam, 5 lb. pail '. — •....    .50
C. & B. Jam, i lb. tin 60
Wagstaff's Plum Jam, 5 lb. tin 75
Wagstaff's Red Currant Jam, 5 lb. tin 75
Sherriff's Jelly Powder, 4 for 25
Wagstaff's Grape Juice, qts     .50
Assorted Soft Drinks, per doz 90
Holbrook's Crystallized Lemonade Powder
large size ?5
Holbrook's Malt Vinegar, qts ,.... 25
Colombo Olive Oil, y2 gal. ... .•  .$1.35
Ivory Bar Soap, P bars 25
Lyle's English Syrup, 2 tin's      35
Special Blend Bulk Tea, per lb  ,    35
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Picnic Hams, per lb 14
Skinned Hams, per lb 16
Bacon, per lb • •    -23
Roast Pork, per lb 30
Lunch Tongue, per lb     .40
Premium Cooked Ham, per lb 40
Large Salt Herring, per lb     .10
#.     ^
^
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
Money Saving Prices
-^
r
1*
\
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
AN ACT OF PATRIOTISM
Victory at Home First
Arnold Bennett, in London News and
Leader
Sixteen per cent, ot the people of
tbls country—that is to say, about one
person In every six—do not get enough to cat. or are not sufficiently
clad, or have no proper shelter ot
nights. It is not their fault. If they
spent all their miserable earnings ln
the most scientific way, their earnings would still not suffice to maintain them In detent condition according to the minimum standard laid
down by experts like Seebolim itown-
tree and the late Charles Booth.
Ttt'tflti'-aevuii par cent, of tlio cbll-
drt'ii In tho average town, and more
than that in certain large Industrial
towns, do not and cannot obtain suffi
dent sustenance and shelter to keep ,^1,^' and imperil the Issue of the
with their starving children. The
astonishing thing ia not tbat this population shows so little patriotism, but
that It shows so much. It can outdo
in patriotism many wealthy skinflints
and many respectable Christians who
Joyously swindle the government on
every day of the week. The actual
insane condition of affairs cannot, ln
practice, be altered in the midst of
war. It must be endured. Out while
we are enduring It, we with something
to lose really have not the right to
•vhl'.c and tu execrate because the
martyrs of the eocial organism do not
continual? enumerate our noble and
beautiful spirit or sacrifice for the
commonweal. .Sacrifice is a delightful novelty to us, but those others
have been at it all the time.
Th* Truth About Labor
Hut  what aliout  those  unpatriotic
rascals on the Clyde and elsewhere,
who earn god money, oversleep themselves, prefer swilling b«*er lo making
tbem in health. These are not the
Imtrwted sUtoutettts of the poverty-
stricken; they are the disinterested
and considered statements of members of the governing cl»*s,
we still preserve the criminal and
tasua)   labor
idiotic  Institution   ot
wnr by going out on strike? It is almost hopeless to try to make any
class above the working-class comprehend the psychology of the work-
Further, |„B e\&Ut aBd cn-pecially the striker.
" In this country to strike Is to commit
a crime, and "striker," like "freethlnk-
That 1s to sny, we still victimise a l #r/Ms a term of opprohrftim I wnn*
large number of cltliens, saying to j der what heavy blows will be nece*-
them, "When we want you lo work, 1 nty before the community can receive
yen must work.    When we don t, you mto tt, (hick noddle   a   few   simple
and yoar families can starve." Our
rulers are so ignorant, tbe employing
class is ao stupid, the whole nation is
so apathetic, that this rendition of affairs is allowed to persist, and men
grwat public authorities have not yet
had the wit to percelv* that It docs
not pay and never can pay.
On the top of It all we hare the
fact! to talk about patriotism to this
population   ot   eatuala snd sweated
guarantee that, if these rules are
put in abeyance during the war, they
shall be fully restored at tbe end of
the war. The Government has
given no such guarantee. It has said
merely tbat it will "use its influence" to get them restored. The
phrase is futile.
6, Tbe Government has pressed
the unions to accept arbitration in
all cases of dispute. Some unions
have agreed. Others, and very important unions, have refused. What
excuse Is there for this refusal?
There l» this excuse, that the employing class is open to the suspicion that it wilt agree to arbitration
only when arbitration suits it. At
tbe very moment when Conservative
papers are objurgating the 'Miners'
Union for refusing arbitration, the
Port of London Authority, under
1 Air .I Davenport, is refusing arbitration. How does this fact present
itself to tbe mind ot the working
man? The thing Is grotesque. Further, It Is beyond doubt that In the
majority of cases of arbitration the
men are not fairly represented on
tbe tribunal.
7. There Is no complaint to make
against the great majority of workers, who have worked their hardest.
R. Ity sn Incomparable Ineptitude
a section of the Labor Party, at one
of its most important reunions, has
been denied the right of free speech.
For Good  Treatment
i
and   Prompt   Service
Come to the Nyal Store
T
i
B
S
B
i
§1
HE well known Nyal Family Remedies and Toilet Articles will in future be
sold in this district only at this store.
ClKJltlKMi,-CliliWird
NOTICt
I own tm *er*t ot land near Marys-.
a tilt, I*. 1,., MNUSMiS «** mmt* a itm* *m-*f.
■ t'i \;*A'm\.  ;--.',,%  ■ '\iiitiVr.ti".',    ,<w'
n*r***"m4*r mftlvstlwi     mot boom
■nd tens; mootty t*mm4.  Thia tnn4
c*» bn MtAUA W l*«tw.     m       \
ThU 1* n flrat olaon woek farm;,
lO.im arm 00m vwtff» adjolalng.   II
•Pi** -. t-ta*. t*t*t* *n*,i*  <tn*l*9t-* **t r*ft-
ttf and broomt titoowr*. wko owwo?
mot tommOmtitm tmt, either •* a part-
mt or vlll Mil es mar trrmn.   Ad
4ms P Lt ND, Wsrdwr, BC
ttinms WAJifSD s» agents ror oar
ttgk gtkAo VkfAm Writ* for low
pmm t« Ttioa fumuets c?cu:rirfclell wmi „„„, ^ <* ^r^g
truths about the psychology of labor
As retard the inyeholoay of the ore
sent palpitating question of munitions.
I may put down a few truths:
1. The men. like the matters, are
engaged on Ooternmont work,   the
mf-n nt*e that the master* are making money and therefor* thoy df
*lr»- to make money alto.   That Ihe
iiHittcrs   ar*   making   too   much
mono- Is wfflrlalljr proved by the
t**T*t inti tbst Mr. Moytf tleurto bant
t Sttcsoriralijr und^riattea tn pain a !
moasure limiting th* war-profit* off
manufacturers. <
2. Men bave netef naitiet an»-
Mitng Hii'itf'tiii from. I.li# masters extent by going on strike, or threaten-
-e-atng to tto *o.    It is m« wkspu ;
m   m*****:   yvuctmli-uw,       -ii**   *****.
u*«»ifr» arm equal} tan^oanllii* !*tTi
•* ufrtW     It mm! bm !rfi»#«ift»i-ir*ii j
that always before the mon strike!
thc t»MSt«ri lave xirui V }
*. M**i ptwiit* tm** fiM* <Hta»a
tbo war, tot reil wago* hove not
rl**e On th* contrary, la many.
If wM most, rose*, thoy hav* tall**
Men who oarn titrs money bj otot-
tlwt mm* than pay Ptr that omtmy
ttt   nrerttnln   *n»f tota  nf batiftb
ptmm vttmmx, we
 __^ ^ :   „ 1
ItOUtR fm fAUt-nv* mmm m {
I Jsts, AettmoM 'At***, frt rtmte.'l
Owea •kemtt. fte-ratt, B.C. [
m llWHi'Mi tttm* in*   11 MiiHiM'inil»Wita*tiisilMllll.«M 1    -n iiiiisini>*«tii*M>iiiiiMiiwri^|
rooms rm, »irsT-rwxiA»4 w
Dowtr.
«,   Tt** rate of tkknen* among
mt*mt**r* ol *•**■? tn*e wmteti* tm
m m ^1 m A Jtm t-^IAA m     P^PP-^*mPl^i     &bbAmWMO     -Vttbtn
?..  I* tit pmtti, brntt *»Imi »****
xr* gn-nf unit ntfttmrf ntfot    Th*
ho*-* llllllt •
COMMUNICATION
To the Bditor. District Lodger,
Dear ir,- -Heferrini to our letter
published la your Issue of Mny 1st, we
beg to enclose herewith list of names
of persons to whose further mention
on th* l<ocal Voters' List, notico of objection turn bono glvon, on tho ground
that Ihey aw no longer resident*, l*#v-
tns out tho** with r<>f*r*Bc*f to <*hom
the objection has been withdrawn. As
stated in our previous letter, no on*
bnn jftt b«<Hi «trii«k of, nor will nny
one bo at rack off .until th* holding of
i«i* tiomtt m Movisto* **#*« on Moon*} |
hi**',  iiii. n\*i.   it*. v*\* ,***-Uti,-M-£, liu.a.**.-
of withdrawal ot the ohlection is be-
S»f ftiww I* ifWMrjr **«#■ wIMw* mt* ttm4
n person ta still residing In the dl*
trict. and in any other cate, where
ut*»<u ,* -o «*!««««.* w» torn trnmiimi,
n totter from the party tatemtod. or
the least tittle of orlA*aca undlng to
show that a poroea ts still rtotdlag
In th* IMstriet will h« quit* avmrieat
at tb* Coart of Rtvlstoa to far a* we
nr* mnrerneti. tn mtwr* hi* r*f*nth>m
09 tho tttt,
TtiHnbtnn: f*.w far ptfiffiirffi'm of *b*
IM,
WOatat
Toaratnuy.
DAVID I. WLAOR, Caa
VtnAt Amot tMmS kimwHmt
tf.fat of nowim lAjmttA to oW ho
oa f**g* f of' IN* ItMM
We have been selected by the Nyal Company Limited, the makers of
these high quality preparations, as their local Exclusive Agent.
And those distinguishing features of our store and service which caused
our store to be selected by the Nyal Company for their Agency assure you of good
service and treatment when you buy here.
OUR IDEA OF BUSINESS goes farther than a mere handing over
of articles in exchange for your money.
But you are too busy with your affairs to have time to investigate for
yourself the merits of ail the various things sold in a drug store, We, however, are
handling these things every day and are daily talking with actual users of the
preparations we sell so that we have a pretty accurate opinion of their good qual*
ities and short comings. This information we gladly and disinterestedly place at
your disposal because we want everything you buy here to satisfy you, We ar%
interested in st>ing that you get that one thing in our stock that will best suit the
particular use you have for it
It is because of this actual knowledge of the superior quality of the Nyal
Products that we accepted the Nyal Agency. We know that when we recom.
meed a Nyal product It will not disapoint either you or us.
We carry a fall stock of Nyal Preparations and well gladly aid you with
any information that will guide you in getting the most suitable preparation for
the particular use you have for it,
If you are acquainted with any of the Nyal preparation* you, will know the
aamft* mmmit fptt #T-r*#*iH*n»»*il mPfl*' fHntfKP W-rtfrf Nynf «frfiW**#« If trrxti fifw?  fl<5«
kou-uid ot 39 ya) Quality's ieJcphDac order wflJ bfjng^oii aay NyaJ preparation y^
say. Nyai's Tooth Paste or NyaTs Face Cream are two particular popular items
with those who know Nyal Quality.
iHEHHrararaMCa HAL STORES ARB HOOD STORES .MMM
iViCJL/li/AW 3    BookStore
FERNIE
WBIU  IT  PATS  TO  DZA&
Agent For Nyai's Family Remedies
urnm"***

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