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The District Ledger Jul 25, 1915

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Array l.SilJi:*9tW *» .
'!£«ux, »- " !*™wi
.   '  ■■","■ ■*." '-'" V V";■:
.  x -»
.4 p
„      . -_-„-    '"**-  '   -Hi  L-c    -
n'thelfiqpr^ne Court of Britith. Col;
. t'juabiiZ,t$A po .Workmen's Cbinpensa.
h tion iScti .•:He''Atbitration tietween
..  r.Powell'nnrt -Crow's Neat Pub Coal
, .5     abIi.*-M'r" Justice Macdonald
: Thtt1 it a* special'can? tubmttted for
' wnaiMfl^^n'.MhEBMot.iwdoy the
•^oSSSS^mtiAtmAUiltAei9 H ap,
,^B4ro that'"Frank Powell, tht appll-
~ (jant, io the oourse-of his employment
with tho rtefirade^ conjpaqy woe In?
Jured byv^aoon of*ooal'«rilung him
' in .thti eye, *• He wot treated -tor thia
injury hy tbetlootor eoployed by- tho
" Uttlo?i to attend on workmoa'-eiapjdyed
- td «j^W^;aV^ftC'Tlce;
jhoujft ■ wrtjaMoant* ^ay^th-at'there
were only C^vtelurtor*4*hM purpose.
Wt.coaij^ietioa'is, Immaterial, how.
" Ig that either f rotfi tht
tfpUto&ppUoa*]* 'did
the doctor* office until
after Ihe Accident.   In
of tthe eye
t too eyet
-i_    jTJigt the
entlyToet-Hie use
- danger *of losing
4ho-^Ai.o((<he other i' IJe'-la quite
^nabltto work.   *£he respondent com*
pany paid con^e^gMof-ftor a time aud
'-   tben ceased pay&gsome eight montha
after the accident, taktyfg the ground
J^orbWtAouSr that' W^tocMeut
*^r'  arose'but ot or- ln the course of tho
applicanfj^empJoixneot and was not
- sx&t-sfc^ms
" « ing that, in any'* event, -the injucy
' would have mfeafrtttiffd&titeapplic&ui
'   from -work, foi>ioio».ihak two *wepktjr
,"'then the respondents become liable
» %to- pay compenaatlpa' .ifadtr. the -Act'
l ,-pu account of tht;'»oddtnt:* The untoi
:**;tinn-it-.to =wb*t exten;AH$| mNj.ltablll:
.3s.ih.*xit!tiZ: Had the liability terminated
the jptponae&t? oh*'
, jn4httitfurthhr «om-
.veKdHiisiiirav.-raiififtii-.tDf-ttia* -hwpon.i
" k hrgunettt that
.the'',caSp]oyer of
.'• • vi*.
of one;ey«
■On UoyiUf.lVW, the; oWntlft .wat,
working ln bjp of tht^^i^Tant'jpboi-
pany's yardg^vtaen^'a 'spark 'from * a
paeslng locomotive entewd Ms|'left
eye. A.tellow-worker top£t*the;ftpark.
out with-tiie'aid of a cotton "rag. Subsequently,' -another; iell-^w-worker, noticing tbat ho waa still isufterlng, took'
a cotton rag, he iwaa,- carrying "In Mir
pocket,-dipped it iuto water and washed hia eye tbo plaintiff went to tho
bdfep-ltal May, H6) fPhitfr following? day
he waa exa^ned'^^n^doctory-y-hd
found both eyes .affected *wttb an in-
feottout disease, tie lettseye be-ing, ul-
cerated*; On^OM^f^t&eiljHght
oye tolPBfwAm£t-fi\&fM>-i^ the
plflintttf-ultliriately canvpletely^lost tho
1i» of'Ms Byes." »Be sued the.comi
pany,. claiming an, a tin titty.,, equal to
one*halfhIsw««e8;or43*00)T \ ' ^
* The'-compflny^clalmedUie condition
o^p^workm^^jfo^\vaa'^ue;to a djf
eaee exletin g^before tho; accident, -and
wat-iwt'th^^oiKlequewe^of dn accl*
detrt^happeiUnfcMuriflg^drf oa;acbount
of the- worfcglRSwWta^thoi'Worloiwuj
waa employed*? Ut ;mo $noved,' h<*>%
over, that the-workman —*^~!—■-*
poifecUy-ebunft,' and
Court took tfee-'vlewv-tl
could'only a£$e<'4>eeu
hy -contact with tihe
^TJ».gi»nd^wJo0e|S*umme'r iQwrS
fMC^IUV-he -h^pg^thfgrounds dt^i*
'^.'Jrltas, Anghal^W'.^Tho price\oi-,
f[piiisat^iii|50 jj?eaff;'3j»Wch inctud'oa »'
iqer. The »<)|09Kc)jU<}r-Mi 'will, par-
.ttclpate 'aSit^^td^from'; the Central
,^l^l!at.a,^Bg^4:,*P»TOlv«l groupda^
\' It is- h,opeSl:^#ttWier:;PIuvius^-wlii
Kecognlze th#lioTi^^ji|,hIa liquid;re-
reehim«nt-M^e/ii-ee*ei9, -as It ,S941y
mars but-dopr-Koelehratipna! - Quick!
•the n'eedle:5 yV+" 7 "s *'"' '
'-' Patriotle|^^onptrhtlon'and Parade
iBvwy fhatiwn^vwsier and union In
town.ts a*Bked-ijO,aagM*l fit this parade
which >ill atsen^bleat Public1 School
square at 1.30.pSh.1 .By tb'«r unltedT efforts of all it iaihopedto make this
th$ feature ot the day: Bands, fire
men,'flro floats,1 mJliba (both'conf.
panlea), mwyor and 'cojincil, fraternal
»6ci-^le8, urilw«i'cwtm athletic olirb*;
automobHes, ete,,, ete^nd then some,'
by one of his fellow.
ffie plalntlf J$JAJg^J^^J^k
dent wat onoJbBj^enlng during a^on
.aocount of o^ilmpfeyinent, eind awarded tbe platntiffit^e^3Qj)faw^tytaiak;ed
tb^powt ^^mm^bxmmsy.
Olt^adjan .R^^pUway <^pinyf. -
. .-■s,MJV.'*i4^'%^v-tf - ;*
event of any/of tfoeos-being'-
groan negllgi
will paramo,1 atfd'lf^ery unit will'
riflce a tew hbunsito assist, the blgu .
thlbg4 in'.parades^known to Forn-je't'
hietdry will bepfellfti off. RemomW
the' cause—forget everything else. Bring your "w^dJf;, you haVe to hire * e,
team to" pack it, ._;;„' '   ■'*)
Tho following wllliake part in the
parade:*-'" . 7*\'7*    s,       , '   -
?" Michel BroisB^fcuid.* ' .'      .   „r '
;' frernjfcClty.-Band.V ,   « .'     , '
FemTo^oalitireelcJExcelBibr Band:'
pt irfltff two f!6ats.V "
»"fes Ai'and-B.^'x'i
'Militia;  ~
.en rl^iagi^Se;
kp|cta,tors w#q'
.match iii .the*
-mof the i; 0;
sometimep, in^
about. $10 fljvelk--
ave infown^d us
hbCH^o^rbecauae pf the
fott th-^traqmni. The pitch-
in. the
or for!tfi|f>,^^|PJames Bobprta'on
and ^ndpu^tfldly^aaioome of 'the in-
-^l:fi^^>sp^.tOis|a>l>9il tcV9*RWit-
PA would haive gdrie
"e have not been
»rumor that the
ei|loteftd" to engage
ifemce, -where it has
hei%tight displace a
;at projectile throw-
^degree tea^n hon-
ngst several ex-
row a ball with-
f the finnaiment
lever, occasionally
■*-h' within strtkftig
T." " '   '
prevent*^ more
- -.-J^^j* ttoe*9oo;re of 15
(iiwioigp-k *tory r^arding
' f^t-'I^Bt.CIrande to put it
""'''   ment
:>bout "telllog"
,^ Ab^heard on all
lot-stand" that bofore
Sn»s:off the thjrda
„^;a reapectatole roll
^e.any conscientious
lire may have. An
>G.'a certainly have
j-Monday-^mbniing'a C* ^-,,'H. epaseen-
ger, .was "three iiOJ-trs* >U^e, ,-^e-\deIay
being caused by-^a1 ;d*erallm6ni two
miiles •ee.'st -of-wwley.''v -Tie 'only one
Injured-was,th^.flreman, wH^sje leg
was liirokeju: "Medical atteatid^ was
given"toihrmat?,!C6wley.'...,    '■ I
As the engine wa^out of.jgo^mlssi'jii
a relief engine was secured, enabling
the-train to, proceed obits'Interrupted
journey.,, ,.;  -,'., " f'     ■
L. T. B. PARAPE   *:
. -w?m*z- -j->PBN8ION8
, F^^,^tvdttgreoVrotal disahlllty
in-pr^mcf .of ^^ enemy, 1264.00 a
,_ ._..., mi day..
«,;2^|fd0gro&—Total disability
^tp*Ui» :*|192.00 a year,, or
*, 3rd»"|degree—Partially  in-
. t;n*WWM?f leg, etc),'-1132 per
|i6.e|»tt,,4>er.*day.     .
t.g Ajh. degree—dnoapable  of
|veHhoOd(;at usual vocation,
r;»-.or$&Q.% cents per day.
" ,ptf!|Aite-^|22.00 a month
     child.   .
tot—138.00 a month
vchild.     ., '
..,_Frgoeot MaiJor.Xo: a
Irgi&Q-t, Staff Sergt.—$30
""*|Brij»ch;^Mld,-'t. . _;
wpti+cii ua aboyffout:-
'ofr%e cardinal. vt£
itegeols will,afford.
"^0 recipients.   %
goftii y'.-'     "'.
All memihers of Lady-Terrace Lodge
No. 224, Loijtel True -Blue Association,
are earnestly.'requeBtedlto aaapmhleat
the K. P. Hall, Sunday .(August 8th, at
6.45 p.m;}: for'the purpose of;.participation in the Annual.XJhuroh Parade
and ' attending divine 'aenvice at the
Presbyterian Church. 'A^cordial invitation ia extended to al£ Orangemen.
Airs. Jane Tlmsnlngt; Rec, Sec;
y  r~.—i -'■"■■"*'•■■ 4, ..    K
A most unfortunate accident occurred last (Friday nigfyt on the hill Immediately east 'of the iPernle' and Fort
Steele Brewery, and. whilst the victims did not; escape unscathed, it it
gratifying .to'know, they were-not aU
killed. „ .   ,
flunnable, .who was driving Bean and
Minton's heavy automobile,"lead iMrs.
Tercis, iher -two - daughters and rMiss
Drommond for pataengera, apd upon
ascending the slope made, an attempt
to papa by a mllk -wagon that was
ahead, but in so doing It "Is surmised
that Uie hind wheel's skidded'and elip-
ping' over the edge tbe car with its
occupants was precipitated aibout 20
feet below, landing on its left-side,
after hawing smashed the-wheels on
the right side. The driver wgis the
only one'-who escaped entirely fjtnhurt,
the (Mioses Terrls and Drammotyl receiving" <bruiscs end cuts of a minor
character,' the worst sufferer ,being
-Mrs. Terris who, in addition to fractured ribs is greatly affected hy the
nervous shock and her condition ie
quite serious. The car wag 'badly
damaged, ibut no as much'aa one might
expect considering the character of the
fall.      -    .'     ^ '   'A A
By E. A.. Haggen, Editor Mliiiiig and
M;  - Engineering Btcord^;':-   c"
~-i* '
A visit- tp -the detention camp is
well wprth the time expended. Of
course as it Is now *qnder strict miii-
tary«control certain rules must be
complied with flret, tout supposing that
the necessary pass duly signed haa
been secured, upon arrival at the entrance door ^ sentry before allowing
the visitor,to-go in examines the piece
of paper, ang'if collect you-walk in.
In the centre of the building, boxes
about the length df a gun case are arranged about the floor, the contents,
-sawdust, receiving the expectorations,
as it is forbidden to spit on'the floor.
Theee wooden cuspidors are cleaned
out twice daily. Dining tables with
benches around them are ranged on
either side and In the rear of these'
clean, wooden bunks have been built
und each occupant folds his blankets
Aid clothing v tidily after they have
been .'properly ctauned and aired, in
sedition to newspapers, cards, booi-cs
with which to wile away the time,
there are a number ot tnueicianis of no
meai ability who enliven the proceedings, from time to time with tunes
froni tbelr various instruments.
' -At the roar' of the building che
ground-has been stumped and leveled,
the. broth cleared away, goal- foots
Indicate that the game of leather causing |a indulged in; baseball, too,*has
Ita exponents. ■ vy. ■
Oh the'left side overlooking the-Elk
River a hot water apparatus ha&been
installed, utilUa-ble for either bathing or clothes washing purposes. Shower bathta can be indulged in a suit*
able .building for this hygienic process
-betving been built with a dressing room
. Cedar, posts, looking like tiie Druld-
icft! Btones at Stonehen^e, are used
'as receptacles for the blankets undergoing the firing process. The culinary deportment 1* spaiious and the
food nonrhthittg.-
" Everywhere is noticeafcle an air of
cleanliness and tidiness, the concomitants of an up-to-date sanitation and
- ^hraoch of the Army Service Corps
ifl.-betaig iotroduaed under the super
vteton of Copt; Colquohon, front Van
♦.-?«B.    .,
""trfiiied the eve would' In' a MUMrt'tkna
v' " •bave"ho^fed'%itd*the *f#a6aa**-%jen
. -A Able to..resutno„M»^ork.r Also, "tha*
the man's .preaent condition it owing
to the noh-trotihent of the eye during
the a|x doyi when he did not vhrit tho
doctor." Therd it' the further finding
that the mistake Trbich resulted in
non-treatment aroat out' of a mitunder.
ttandtag hetween tht doctor and tho
applicant and that tbe applicant waa
guilty nof.serious neglect in not at*
tending upon, the doctor tt hit office."
The question! then submitted ore tt
■     follOW        "'*'*    "' •
"(a) Am I right In applying tho pro-
viatont of th* Act o* to terioui neglect
to tbo tfter conduct of tht applicant T"
Witb referenoe to tbli queatlon I do
not think that the word* "serious neg-
1 ltetH in tub-section c, tec. 8, of the
Act apply to tbt after conduot of an
, applicant They rotor to tbo exemption from liability through on Injury to
a workman attributable to hit teriout
neglect ot the tfano of tbo oocldent. to
thit qutttlon thould \>p nntwtrtd In
tbt ntgatlvt.
Tbo othor quettlont tobtnltted trev
"(b) li thtrt any evidence to^ti^
port my flndlngi that the appneant't
prewnt oondition is owing to the non-
'   tbt doctw did noMAtend upon htm?
H(c) it tttmrmtf tndtBot to iop;
port my nndlngt that the applicant
wat guilty of teriout negleet tt to tho
treatment of hie eye."
When ttlt matter flrtt camo before
mo at a stated etie, It wat agreed by
both countortngtgtd,thot ttti «utt.
tlont then nitwitted did not fully cov-
tr tbo potott tboi wort .gpptrtnfly lo-
tended to be dealt with, Tbe tUted
case as submitted was ooattwootly
referred back to the arbitrator with
certain dlrwctions as to supp emsntlpg
hit mtnn* ^mojlmaeuboto
not btoo folly «0B»IIt<l w«H;*,*« *
think It hotter to deal with tbli ta-
portant and long delayed maAter on
tbo material bow boforo mo.
Tbo applicant hod eome foMreot-
ment to tbo doctor's oflice om) with
tuch a delicate or»«B tl the eye one
cannot aiaome that he would not be
greatly eoneirnod as io lu condition
and meant to be taken for ttt cure,
Ttit arbitrator boo found, bowevor,
that be mleoudemood tbo doernft
dlvootlOMi thtt thtrt wtt a mutual
misunderstanding, rtaultlng In non
trtatmont for tto period montlontd,
..The competition - of California oil
with coal is forcing tbe attention of
owners of ,.coal mines to consld^ation
of improved methods of utilialnMcoal.
Tho Crow'a Nett'Patt CoOl Coidbiaay, ..
Ud., in *»JUo?t.the OronhrConnSidat^ >l
ed- Mlntngl ameltlng &, Power^Com-
pany1 Is heavily interested, hat «*-
nged to^inspii the flrafcT" -iJ *-*"
If auch non4rtatmtnt cautod tht dt*
pkmMo loot of the eye, tlwo tbt teg-
tut*    •»#,    llm    Hit    f.*   .I,*
»»,♦,■»?»>«■"♦  tl*
bt-f' l-ThotSttttt pf tho'
tubtequent neglect brou-Jirtabout suoh
Condition teats upon .the respondent^
'(There wot on accident; and It It for
the etnployers to thow "that something
ha* happened tbe reeuit of -which Is
that tho "loss of the finger it pot due
to the accident." Thp burden it upon
the employers to break tho chain ot
causation. In a cate like thit It teems
to me that it it impossible for thit
court to. toy there wat not evidence
upon which the learned County Oourt
Judge wat entitled to say that the
burden of'proof wae not discharged,
that tht original liability arising from
tht accident remained upon tht employers, and tbat tbt workman wat
therefore entitled to compenaation,"
Coaen-Hardy, -M.Ii, in Marshall v.
Orient Steam Navigation Cloy. Ltd,
(1910) 1 K.B., p. 79 at p. 83. Fletcher
Moulton, L. J. S. O. at p. S5:
"I wtt not throwing any doubt on
itt bolng ntcttiary to ahow tbat tht
continued Incapacity wt| due vo thtt
unreatootblett^tt That wtt taken tor
mntett throughout our judgments. Ail
thtt f wc* pointing out wat that tht
reatonablenett la not tht abstract reasonableness of the operation, hut tht
reaeonobleueat of tbo wnduct -if tbt
man. Fjr tLete remons I om o! o;.-
inion tbtt tbla oatt It completely cov.
twd by#utbo''ty, P^rnt fasle the
accident wm the ottwt of tho lorn bf
Uit finger. If the owoers could batt
ttitwn tbnt the lost ot tin finger wn
not due to thi accident but \tn* iw
to tho uprwatosnhlenttt ot the wan In
letutlng to tal mit to tht opemtlon—
a refusal foun.t to bt uarfitonable—
tbty wottid have tuoceedtJ, but they
havt ftlltd to prove that."
Horo tbt arbitrator ba* found thnt
tho prottnt condition of tbo app'lcant
it owing to the non-treatment of tht
eye. If tuch finding be tuttilntd,
then tht omit can upon tho rttpon-
dentt hot bttn dltcbtrgtd tnd It it
fretd from further liability. Thit It
t qutttlon ot fact Undor tbt Hngllth
Aet tbt court ean deal with quettkmt
of fO't and alto mixed qu*ttloot of
low tnd ftet, tt it clear that wbtrt
tbt irbltrator ttndt only open tbo taott
his finding It not opon to mie*, •*
Ittt there wtt tto tvldtnct to tupport
inch finding, rtrguton v. Oreen (mil
1 K, & JS. The British Columtota Aet
only entblee tht arbitrator to tttto
a com for a decision oo. a Qutttlon of
law, to tbo matter mutt bo ooneMered
In the light of tbt dfttinotion botwoon
tho two Aett.  Tbt trbHrttor not only
,4 ■     ''Si -    ■-     • -    -
•i ■ ■ '"
•Fourteen pupils wrote -the examination.,- Thirteen pupils passed. 'Results
are as follows:   -i- ^ - .       *.  "
'Harvey Wallace, 766; Edna Wallace,
739; Spencer Kennedy. U-l; Harry
Woodhouse, -ASS; ISllian Cameron,
685; Thoma» Baker, 073; Ercoirwald
Colton, 673; Katie ilcLachlan, 669;
Frank Moses, 0C5: George 8dfltb,"646;
John Dragon, 613; Clifford Robertson,
SQ7; Angus .McLeod, 606. ,' 7 *
This is tho largest number of pupils *
who have ever patted into the. High,
School' In any year in Fernie.    V
The average wps 675—the largest
average from this sohool so far as re^v
cords show. --HJ-'i
High School Examination Results. ,
Preliminary .Course,! junfor-. grade,
Number of candidates. 10, passed' 5. '
tfancy *<B! Wood, 632; Charles Edgar.
615; John JV'Simtins/ 585; Marion
Westby,-530; iMary? Dragon, 509,-;
/Advanced Course', -Junior Grade.
Number, of candidates 4, passed-2.
Conroy Colton, 58?; George B. Kerr;
561. ; -■-.-''
•Full .Course, Junior Grade. Number
or candidates 2; passed; 0.
Intermediate Grade; ? Number of
candidates 3, passed. 2. Frederick W.
Smith, 641; Arthur R. Woodhouse, 638.
The way of the transgressor is bard
but it ia a path of thcmless rose* complied to that of the editor ot a l&bW
- X V
There will be a dance given.on the'
3rd of August in the Socialist Hall
under the auspices of the FerntoJCoal
Creek Excelsior Band, when- rejrsi$- -,
roenta will'be provided and^aSftett-X
class" orohtstra will* fttrnith ''<S)b&6ol
music    The dancings will ,begiucatil>. =
p.m.  One dollar It the ctiai^e; for, *j
couple, and 25c. for eHraf:iadiefcVT?4f"' ^<i   -
Look out fok> theirOposedspkyftt;«^f *
Details later.    -      ■%••*,•       -'"'xXA'.,-yMS\-
-■*.-i«iv,:-.-?-* t-
Tlia     9t9m,*9 9 ■«.*«-»    ...    -%.,-.
,! ft.
, -The Ladies Aid tea of tho Methodist
Church *?M he held at the* home .of
Mrs. Hamilton, 146 McPherson Ave.,
K>n Tuesday, Augurt Jrd;« from 3 to?,6.
im-^-a-^". ,- ■...*'     i#.     '      t   , r   ^ <;<
-    .. *>     *■        rtm, . •
Tt&£oard ot|toire^l|
tak^ ^ prlseia -.wtoerevbr' „ iti -. pi _
ha,V*i been thown, but not content with
the laurels won In pomiculture, the
same energy bat been displayed In the
development of , the more pleblan
ground fruits a splendid taonple thow.
ing results it on exhibition In th» window of Trites-Wood Co.—a cabbage
both solid and cylindrical, weighing
25 pounds nett, and with a circumference of 36 inches. Evidently old
Dame Nature It obeying the call—
(The Fornle Poultry Aiioclatlon will
meet at tho usual placo, on Tuesday,
Augutt 3rd, at 8 p.m.
BA, minister.
looking tt If It would bo nearly healed
in twd or thrto^nore'dtya."
Tbt doctor thon tilted that ht yas
quilt poiltlve that he told tht applicant ti to homing btck the' next day.
Tho mltundtrttandlng, already referred to, occurred, to tbat tho treatment
dtemtd necessary by tbe doctor did
not continue. Then the following tp-
"Q. What wtt your opinion, doctor,
on tho third day tt to tbo nature of
hit injury, itt probable duration?
"A. I wtt vary, plotted, tccaute tf
tbere h» one thing I do dread It It
tpretdlng out of tbe comet, if It keept
on tprttding you cannot got hold of
m thtn referred to tbe lapse of
|<me and that tht applicant did nit
come tc hit offlco Tor about a Voo'<
Ho thtn found thtt he bad at abacctt
In «>« corntt, tnd It it healed bt would
never havt tight In that tye again. It
found fault with tho tpplletnt who
crmld not tptak Bnglith, tnd directed
bit oonvtrattlon to the Secretary of
tho Union (Burrtll) who wtt present,
nnd ttld:
"It It o terrible thing, thtt man hat
lost hit tytitgbt tnd it teemed to mo
tn awful thing became eo unnecet-
f heat words art tttttd as thty ap-
petr In tht evidence, but It la te bo
noted that th* latter portion <-ooW bt
trotttd moro to t ttatamtnt of tht
doctor thon being made to the arbltra
tor tbon tt something bt had mention
od to -Burrtll, The evidence tbowt
thtt tht topHeont wtt admitted to tht
hotyftni. wit oil tfforu to tavt tbt
est peeve* fruitlttt. Bttrtng In ulnd
t^tt Am onnt rttttd apon tbo -rotpon-
Newt from Home!—not just newt
from Canada, but news from tbe home
city or town-or village—it what our
wounded soldiers want  As soon at
they are able to atk for anything, tbey
atk for the local newspaper, and very
often they do not get it, for there are
never enough to go round.    Do you
takt a ntwtpaper?   It you do, hero la
one ttraple way in which you can help
to niakt toiler thtlr long hourt of con-
.valetoence.    8tve   your   newspaper
and ttpd it with itt thoutand matatget
of boraa to our own O. C. toldlera lying
■wounded in ttrtngt hospitals.
: "Lot wt forgtt," tnd ln order to
make remembering tt ttay at poatttole,
tho;y*ncouver branch of tht Canadian
WonMQ't Prttt Club nrt having large
numbers of ntwtpaptr wrappers pre
ptrod.    Theae wrtppert will bt rttdy
gunwned, tddretaed tnd labeled "For
B. ,jC. Soldiers."     Tbo   number   ot
thtttt which may bt tent for t two-
ctnt ttontp wtll be printed upon etch
wrapper. «o thtt ail you havt to do t»
to tlip in your paptrt, tfflx tht neces-
nary ttampt, ond you mty feel turt
that your gift will find Itt way taftly
thd quickly to t pltco wbtrt It It rati-
ly wanted,    The Vtawmr branch
of tho C. W, P C. It donating tbt flrtt
throo thousand wrappert tnd tbt rati!
charge of two ttnu. or five etntt a
dosen, wbleb till bt ttked, it made
to koop up tht tupply ot long tt mty
bt necemry.    for convenience, these
addressed wrtpptrt mty bo bod ot tbo
following   depota:, Campbell'*   Drug
itort, comer itatttngg tnd Ortnvllle;
Hudton't -Any Library; Ctmegle Ub-
rary; Atklntont Drug ttore, comer
Nleola and Nelson.
Home of tbete wrtppon art address-
td to Lady DtiiMmond't department of
tht Ked Croat for imoMditte distribu-
tion among tb* ntwiy trrlved wound*
ed wbo will necottarily bt out of
touch with th»lr regular nwlt.
And reoMtt»ber~-yo« mty bt bw«y.
and unabl* to rive much time; you
mty feel the hard timet, tnd be tntblt
to glvo much money, hot bim It some-
thing you mn do whleb menns Nttl«
In timo or money, tnd ttoeb In comfort
and ptaktiivt to thone wlu» have tetu
woonotd in tbo btttltt ot oot
loot, ahd It it estimated-that
utilisation will taeen a profit to the
company of from'11000 to 31500 a
Mr. Sylvester, general manager of
the Granby Company, haa long heen
an advocate of the utilisation of all
by-products, and the success whleb
baa attended the policy of using the
sulphur In the copper ore treated at
the company's Anyox tmelter it an
Inttance of the economic value of auch
a policy.
Tht by-prodncta of coal are stated
to bt worth approximately $60 a ton.
and these have hitherto been entirely
lost in tho methods of mining and marketing coil in British Columbia. Tbe
principal by-products art: Sulpha:* of
.mimonle, vtluabto for fertilizer pnr
pojoa and the manufacture ot explo-
I'vto; bentol, tn tffeo'tve tubttlttite
for gfcsollnt; tnd ttr, wh'.cb ft In In-
creatine demtnd for strsx paving, pro.
tejtlrn o' wood tnd otbtr utei
Thi modem explosive known at tri-
nitrite ot toluene It alto a by prod tc*
of coal, tfhllc over 300 sh-.ulos o." dyes
can bt obuined from It, tt well at carbolic add, ertotote and other chemicals. It it estimated thtt on tht
quantity ot ooal mined In British Col*
umbla, by-product values to tbe extent
of at least $13,000,000 per annum,
which might have been conveniently
tared, bait been Irrecoverably lost.
An important effect of the Installation
of t by-product plant at Femle wllfo*
tht production of a ftrsl-elssa mttal-
lurgleo] coke, to thtt local foundarltt
will be obit to Obtain a tupply suitable
to their purpo-se* from local source* instead of having to Import eoke from
Ptnnsylvstila aa hitherto on account
of tbt high sulphur content of tht coke
produced In tht province from botblvt
It It intereating to note In thit eon-
nection that an Important devtlop-
ment for the use ot cool In loi-omotlve
boiler* ia its consumption In powdered
font, which utilise! tb* anall ootl of
tbt nines usually told at about $110
per tmt The teat ot yrepOfteg th*
coal In thia form It net mere thon SO
eentt per ton, depending on tht alt*
or tbt pulverising plant, tod the In
cretatd efficiency for raising of steam
compare* favorably In #r*ry »*p#et
with oil.
.. but ap?
»• vlilble,eta
7™*- W**r
announced -'that
been made for
ttenic/and ed
travel and educatl,
■i*m «5W1flSfiHS«!L;
"No, I won't subscribe for the Labor
paper; there's too much Soclalitm In
It for mo."
"I don't take it because it's nothing
but a union paptr."
"Why don't you make lt n dally?
Then I would tubtcrlbe."
"I can get lou of papers for 50 centa
por ytar. Your price of $1.00 It too
"I've no ute for suffragettes tnd
don't want a paper thtt advocates
vottt for women."
"My husband It the only one that
reada the Labor paptr. Nothing in
it intirtati me."
"The Labor paper .shouldn't aay any
thing about tht churchet.    Keep your
bands oft."
"Bay, aro you going to ttand for tht
Hot and mlarvproaentatlons of Rev,
(The above cutting, from th-e official organ of the Socialist Party of St.
Louis, 1M0., is the experience of practically every labor paper In existence,
not excepting the Dittrict Ledger. Tbe
worker, with btg Individual views no
deeply rooted, frequently bat tht
egotlttlcal effrontery to astert bt It
"right," tnd remind! ut of the father**
anawer to hit ton whtn ttked whtt a
bigot wat that "A bigot, my troy, It
t   fool who doe* nol think the
tame way at you da")
.MONTOKAL. Quo., July 24-Th*
Qatette't Ottawa «orr**pondent telegraphed last night,
"There will be published In tht Can.
uda Oatette today * now order-ln-roun-
clt, establishing t censorship In Ctn-
ads. Urge power* art taken by tbit
regulation, which ha* been framed on-
  I der the War Measure! Art.
"They tell mn that th# editor l« a     «ott-» eta«t«* jwvtdet *t*j*    ttv/or*
probtbltionlat.    None of thtt for me.
"Hill taya ht taw the editor drunk
In a saloon and that they shoo' the
can at tht office every day."
It It no bualnes* of th* Ubor paper
to tak* a position on th* wtr, Utop
my tttbwrtptlon."
"A blind men can te* that unlet* the
— tide wint the labor movement will
bo tmashed. I think It Is your duty
to tak* sides"
"I get til the news and reading I
want out ttt th* daily papers   I dtwt't
cart 10 aaHMrtb* for a w«*kly Ubtr(Atttm«y4iononii' of Canada'   A Ht*.
paper." not escwdint $son» twd imprfsontwmt
"Thew r«tte» 4*Ily |»{*r«  *!•» ue«   -;  .^^.^  S4ki, >t-u m ^m**
n ditty dwil *v*ry tlm* * mnt* torn** 1 ^T % mwirt\m. or in4it.t.n\*nt, sr.d for
nff" * neummt} emnxh-itm, a lia* uot et-
ui'tUto; l.'wii. sad lo*nr;».wiai**« oot
may be appointed to censor all produc*
tlont of any publisher or printing *t*
ubiishmciu, aud that »fl«r »ucb «p>
polntment no 'iterattre it to bo Isned
until censored.
"The printing of any ne** co««**m-
Ing war movementi or operations, or
critlf t#m or comment upon policy, pro.
reedlitge or m Mon of the government
of any neutral state, if tuch would in.
letter* with the sticcwa of the A1INI
for«e», or i»rej«d»< * *!iieii t*l«ti#n* *HI
b* deemed a contravention of th# rot.
-Hirshio order.
J   "p*m«Hutlon !# to ht u'nts by thf
{•ttor MoOovere. of llicbvl. lo nntotg
"Too ought to go to the front for m
in thtt Jurf-sdictioit ftghu the other
•id* b**n*t * leg to stand on
i-iret'dinR tlx month*
Tb*  |iitbii«*liot of
whlishniPiit* may a!»o
olt«r»<-iing  ee*
tn>  • i»pnn<l<d
Wh*t buetaiw* hat* fm to nsin la lftde»ieii#!) si th* will of tho-'tAoto.
n )nrlMI«tkio dispute, anyway     Mkk
attend tbo dootor wtt tortont.
jttt 40 UH ««niMMouon» I ifttoft intra 1
wot ovMomo to Wort tbo fading
of tbo niMtrntor to gotttlon fe), nnd I
H tbtuld bo owwtrtd to tko tfttj
m^ IIMIItOO MOW OOt OIOO UM pm.». i^r^^j-jjjj-^ *-• aftfmtm****^ | "lilBM    V«V WtAfMiiWf
«*mZwm ■ tt » ^fTll   o iAmAPt* t *m mm om* m o A* .        Ittbtl Korttttooo Mtekty,
..mt. p.99^....9 ... -„*.,mm*j, ***** mm **-|*u twit men ***lll**t.
\a** xoMtitivf te **** %wivww '
01  !.*vi<   1.
*d tbtlnjtry eotbttth*totdHk>o^
tbo tppBotnt it to Joogtr dot to tkt
injury bnniod by tko aceldenu hut
trim from t*oob gtBlott or -nwrtnooo>
tblo ««dt« os Ut pert »r*n If
tbt tiMtwtor bod tound thtt tbt chain
of eattntlon ttom tko teddont wss
brokta by ntcttet of th* doctor. I 40
ttttf trttblltbtd tort* found that tht
noo-tretta-nt of tbo oyo breogbt tboot
kt dHtmetlon. My tUtntlon bat
bttn drown to ttrttln portlont ot tbo
tvMonoo In top-port of tbo contention
thtt tocb n fttnlt ooeorrod,
net d«tl fully with tueb otMtMO, but
oofy thnt pmitm of tbo #ortorti wMrft
ittt 40 Umo qnttrttotttoti 1 totos iboro
wWWtAm-twJ • AmmA^nWWe tA^oAW WwW^t^mmat aAt ^wrwPw
I «o«»«t aay that M* ftMIn*
wrotg m 10* ttnto thtt t* •
wiiit. fn oovtUomt nn ti-Mtrater'i
finding UH L8bb«m In Ltodtlat v,
I *Wr'"^f|iB up gtitUMi a ohotbnr ot
■01 wi tmsptetr it 11 rMto-aawe wtt
oould arriv* at a particular conciusSon,
1 find tbnt is
-i«    ***** zTu! » ?JSS/wr tn* tm woo wrong no n mmtor tt Ap; fn
^iti^t*^^ St^Sfi&S& •»*" "****> ** «*• wWtmtor, wHb-
appuotat dont not outci im uoouHy \ ftnf ,„, nM, „r nPntt** I***™*,.,** r«»»*
ws ute nmyitttot tattgom^pm$*£**"
(to behalf ef tho Venooowtr brnnob of
tbo Canadltt W«*m'« pram Cl«^.
' "" !" ' IH*»'* ■
!SL *%^i!I^u^SfL2LliMtI*** *• *•" foittnont dnrltig the flrtt
IKTa^IS Zi£ ^Z^rTttamal »»•'» <* «•• »PPltet«t MO til* intiruf
fer tbt acMont or wo ooetor ttftfta |J<M|i mmk fop utmg %m ^u^, tp,
plleatlont. bt thtn *p*tkt of tbo ceo*
iitlon of tbo oyo tt tbo Umo of »»e
se««wnd vltttt
Q.  Did ht coat b*ck?~A.  Ye*.
by th* wortanns. oM. Hnntbor'Ttm
tat Co, Ud v Btfdty llf.C
etie* p. )4t nt HI:
"Co***4l*niy, MR.  In thtt otto wo
^•aWJrtbl m^rTt»£i«<Mik* <•** baek tnd tbt ulcer looted dt»
X *«?«u3 ^VtoZtS Z «!W*nr belter, ani r w»« very tnucli
Monday eborgod wKb
tatltltg L*«y tbo wagtttmtt otMHttt-
td blot for trt*l, but tb* intt. bow.
ever. It not known owing tt tbo ob-
s*te* of Jodgt Tbottpttt to
and wNott omm otbw Jwdgt It tp-
pefatti ft try tbt mm tbo "mttnr*
wleldcr will be dot»lclJ*4 In tk* cltyl
eoltboett for totottd w**iw. |
tar* Hid th«U Ite couhl aut, ml.'V
truoe or tbt ialttt bav* atlua.'lyi A Scotch moetAnot *be hod bod coo-
tareod to tko eowetuston. . . . IjtUtftbl* lawlttMl reUtlwi* wtrt Cer
tkall tlwnyt bt alow to toy that so tsaay wan 4Un-mnatog tho war tttnatktti
jury by teetdont artttng ott ff ltd m
tb* count of tht emptoymont. bttt
that be U tn Inturtr of tbo «oHtoi
MOt,.tbo ebOMtot, nnd tb* torn who
attended tkt win, and tt llabf* In tb*
rtttontbt* penon could thtnk differ-
tntly ttom mytOA,"
AOtP^mW-m  p^m,^^   .jj,^,^,^.,^..^. ^.m.**.  p   Ami,  ma*A
*i, wwww iww mn nwiimm n i wti w-vh
UHtk tkt fladtot ef tko nrbftrtter
•kastM) *« OMWftMO *wd «iw*imon -hi
pl*a*«l with it. nbrnM b* tatwtrwd it tito offlnnotlv*.
tJ. Wd you treat tt th« next day? Tb* mapo-nooni* sro ontltHJi to tbelr
—A.  Ye*. I appllod tbt lodlno ntxt cttt*.
>tey.    DU not have to cwrttt*.   On W. A. Mtedontld, S.
tbt third day It wot Wll*t ynptoly Ttncoovtr, ■ C, tnh Jtly, llfS.
with a friand and totdt "tto ye hen
men tbnt thit ft n rami hod botfReta?
I bt# *t44 xhwr AttpPtm etgit-wa
btadnd po*t«« *od *•» tftwvfl e*
pay m*." Thtm wm n tlgti it added.
-Ah, well! Ab well! Rit no tt bed,
there's a wt* Mt of ronsoJatio*. for I
(tofwwn** fto* -Utoettnd
1 m ni*   wtg w*w pnMvnvMp
When in MitArl Hmdny Intt pro wtr* inforwtl
llwre wtt n rower nflont tbnt thot* who hnd Wit
TrfeftvHt ar*! rvIcaiwU vttn Ukety i«* t« -ii»s.ri,«.l
ntnin. ami nn a re*nlt then* nff#*ti»d tr* tntbm.
T!i»» r«"jM.rl « witiMtii timmlnthm. o* pr knit Uorn-
e«l fr^m tn nntkorifntlve mmr^m thnt ther* "n m
•mffi tirtMifhn fo rin thit. nml to t*mff *« th#> men
r<'t*m««v! comply atrictly with lhe r«-gnUii«>iw tiny
noiwl hnt*' no fenr hnt m btmxtl their hiiaift***
the every day BsouiH-r
t..*r „* Of**t> nm****. ■»■>»• •» t-
I thlp will he *a*rel*td."
mm     Drs. a  rii)13!f*t In vUUUtg hot t**r*
tents, Mr. ond Mr*. J. W. Or»>
»„■, M,«w.).n...,..*,«i.-.*„iii hi,hi:iiiiiiiH  mm*,
A. Undtoy **« t PWnl* vUltor this
[*r*k and rrjmrts moat encouraging
Th** am nt Afther llmu-htosee, wbe
had tk* terrible wtokop whilst pltylnn
with a Oetmuttmr -tap, wktok tofttotod
•teh ee flows inftrlsie, to ttaktog Moot
•wiitfactoTT prottvtt*. (ootiderieg tito
mtom ot bit
I   Tte iwg*i*r wottMy mtmtno ef »k*
lUdt**' 0»«d nf *t%m  -rkefh   wtrt
■lhe b*54 it «»*# IWMeaWHM mf th* e%w*k
om W«dn*Mtoy, «ib A*«*«.   *t   J JO
ron SALS
tn%a  Acrt-a  ia*»tw***4. »H%
{*•«»*. tit , 3, * rt* waPtrt twUttnmm.
'1.';":. r r. tin.-. Wert ft;:.:*.
I   WAMTWi' a t#*«*«r   tor
wtunl as* Cokato,    ttltry 17*
, Apply
*» *t**r*ury. Atbevt AtrnWrnM. Caktfc*.
near Pvrtt* ttotle* to ctaase*** m
tbo eaawtag tornt. ■Mi
^t" tf^.ggHH*iw*$»n
'^W-^yt^iV'^ a1,u-'^j'i
*, t l ■ .«,,
.. -r-s. *,. ,r'"'*7!-^T^.M
*^*~ -[•
'  ,*i
Published every Thursday evening at it& office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B.C. Subscription: $1.00
per year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
solor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
With this issue we suspend publication!
The District Ledger, foster child of the Fernie
Ledger, which later was .successor to the -Ledge,
edited hy Lowrie. the dean of B.C- newspaperdom,
aiade its initial bow to the public in 1905;
Frank Sherman, the then President of District 18,
and a number of his associates, with commendable
forethought, impelled by practical experience, realized that the effectiveness of the organization \va9
sorely handicapped-by. the lack of a weapon wherewith to repel the slanderous attacks of the Capitalist press, and also to espouse the cause of the working class both actively and passively—actively,
whenever workers were effected, presentation; of
the case could be given to the public; passively, as
a medium of education—advocated the purchase
of the Fernie. Ledger.
The matter was duly referred to the membership,
at large and, a favorable decision obtained, lhe
plant then owned and edited by D. V. Mott. was
bought and the title subsequently changed to the
District Ledger,
The destructive fire of August lst. 1008. included
the plant among its many victims, but nothing
daunted the Executive Board and the rank and file
generally, having had a confirmation by practical
experience of the advantages accruing from t^ie
control and possession of an exclusive organ rf
their own, decided upon a larger and more up-to-
date equipment, resulting in the present printing
plant- being installed.
Despite the numerous vicissitudes incident to lhe
^Tliirn'liciTJiitJirra ramri-ji/wninuiriinijtwiiSini-oiisj-m-
hcred to the policy outlined and vigorously carri >d
out the purpose for which it was primarily created
—viz., the defence of working class interests generally, and that of the membership of District 18,
U. M- AV. of A., particularly.
That it has done this a glance at its files will be
most emphatically prove, and although we do not
wUh to go into lengthy details will simply allude
to the Krzuz. Decoux and Topay cases, and,whilst
tooting our horn, justice compels us to add that
we had the active co-operation of the labor press
throughout the length nntl breadth of North America, whilst in the Decoux case many of the Eur >p-
ean workers* organs rendered valuablo assistance,
The ease* cited were those of contributory members of Distriot 18. but in addition thereto wo liave
never hesitated to champion the case of unfortumi
ten in other branches of industry. A. V. P. K. on-
gineer unjustly treated because of an unavoidable
necid-ent; a I'krainain farmer tt Stoppinge. Alta..
wrongly charged with a breach of tho law, a prospector chentod through the machination* of n
greedy und uiiJMrupuloiis corporation, and many
others too numerous to mention hnvo enjoyed tho
benefits of publicity in thoso columns.
Thom* observations arc not mado bocauso of a
dcMirc for H"lf-ulorificutio[i. but simply to remind
tho worker »f the for»«v of tin* words. " ln this busy,
bustling world men nurso the recollection of a
wrong, hut too oft forgot Iho favors on him bestow,
td in ti:ih> of need."
H"i' have tiHinh*',! to i-nui- of tlx» v?«Jfi!.< <vtvsi*i.
ing the printing or providing same at reduced rates.
The issuance of circulars and bulletins through
the mail necessarily is limited practically to the circles of the receivers, whereas the same announcement in a newspaper has an effect so far-reaching
that its boundaries are beyond the' scope of human
ken, and the public generally haye a wider knowledge of what is transpiring in other walks of life
to which they would otherwise be deprived access.
The District Ledger has steadfastly7 played its
part and now that the time has come to ring-clown
the curtain, perhaps at some date not far remote,
the memories of its activities when its influence is
no longer felt may be a beacon light to the workers
in times of stress, clearly pointing out the importance of supporting their own press unstintingly,
and if the policy laid down be not strictly suitable
to small cliques or coteries, so long as it does perform its chief function—defense and development
of working class interests—then its so-called minor
defections or divergent opinions are inconsequential.
Having now briefly reviewed the Ledger's career
and its activities on behalf of the worker, it is opportune to touch upon the business phase.
Any publication primarily existing for the promotion of ideals and adhering strictly to its principles
must sooner or later clash with divergent interests-
Advertising is the hone and sinew of the ordinary
newspapoivand its character is not called into question so long as its insertion is not contrary to law
and the payment therefor is forthcoming. Not so
with a la'bor organ. For example: To be consistent it eannot sell space to any firm or corporation
that is known to be unfair to union labor. Furthermore, in the performances of its duties care must be
taken to exercise supervision over other advertising
matter to see that nothing i-fi allowed publication
that may be regarded as inimical to the interests
of the worker. Following this course of action,
the Ledger has refused profitable advertising, viewed by the dollar and cent standard, because of its
dubious character when regarded in its relation to
the worker's welfare.    This, perforce, whilst in the
■   . ■*' ° ■ '      .
abstract may have been productive of good (ethically considered), in the concrete it has adversely affected the cash column of the assets.
AYe regret the suspension because we know the
value to the worker of a medium of expression ever
ready to meet any emergencies that may arise, as
well as serving as an educative propaganda sheet.
Moreover, candor compels us to admit that whilst,
financial stringency has been ascribed as the cause
of the defection, -apathy, indifference and illogical
opposition were more potent factors than financial
ing. Of course, he is anxious for victory and not
defeat, a,s,the latter would be decidedly distasteful;
he wishes the opponent to be beaten, btit not so
•badly crushed that the recuperative-powers are
completely destroyed. The investor, who has purchased government securities .feels quite elated
when the news of final victory is heralded, because
he theu considers that he has made, a good bargain
and doesn 't bother about the ways and means. Not
so with the manufacturer, whose intellect is sharpened by the necessity of looking after his more involved material interests by a deeper penetration
into the modus operandi to be adopted in the consummation of the desired object. His scope of
vision is wider than that of the Simon Pure investor as evidenced by the remarks of President Henderson.
He realizes that unless a lease of life is granted
to the Teutonic manufacturer, surplus value (Profit) cannot be extracted from the products of the
workers. To obtain this profit the manufactured
commodities must be disposed of in the open market and consequently enter into competition with
the Manufactured commodities produced by those
in the victorious countries-
These stubborn facts should be irrefutable proof
of the bankruptcy of Capitalism!;'and yet these captains of industry wriggle and squirm in a, vicious
circle in their efforts to evade its inevitability
Like the Greek legend of Laocoon, the manufacturer, may dispatch one of the snakes that encircle
Ihe commercial body politic) but in so doingl the
other reptile.has more'firmly girdled it. In short,
if competition is to be killed how is compensation
to be paid? If compensation be paid then competition must be allowed to continue.
After emitting the strident note of despair, President Henderson endeavors to modulate it somewhat
and in so doing more clearly demonstrates the paucity of his economic understanding. When he
suggest that the weeding out process of inefficiency
on a considerable scale should be adopted, and likewise the introduction of cheaper methods of production, coupled with an improvement in the quality, and saying, '.'For this reason I attach great importance to the proposal that we equip ourselves
quickly and effectively for undertaking research
work of every kind relating to our resources."
The MARKET today is glutted, despite tho presupposed inefficiency. Even in the best of times
the Market compels the most intensive competition
because of its limitations. To remedy (sic) this
undesirable condition more efficient methods are
advocated, thereby still further propagating intensification. Truly over the portals of Capitalism
we may place the same inscription as over that of
"Abandon hope all ye who enter here."
Those Flies
are dangerous as well as
troublesome. It is better to
keep them out than to kill
them after they are in.
Locally Made Boots Proven to be Superior to  Other  Makes—Given
Hard Use in Army Circlet
~~\V"e_di7mos"t~suicerely hope tba{"the f fine is "hot"
far distant when the resurrection will take place,
and that once accomplished the lessons learnt by
practical experience will be taken to heart, and no
effort, looking to the building up of a still more powerful exponent of the workers' interests will be
omitted, and the District Ledger redivivus will in
the future, as in the past, be a tower of strength
to the proletariat.
Tho July edition of "Thc Labor Gazette" just to
hand contains a summarized report of the forty-
fourth annual convention of tho Canadian Manufacturers' Association hold in Toronto, Juno 8, 9, 10.
Tho president. Mr. E. G. Henderson, in a vory com-
preheusivc address, dilated upon many matters of
vital interest, such nn, Labor and Unemployment;
Production. Fire waste. Transportation, oto- Of
courso, as might be oxpoctod. he viewed them from
thc angle of tho mnnufitcturor of whoso material ink-rests ho wan the recognized mouthpiece.
In tho discussion of tho subject mentioned much
was said affording fond for serious thought, but
to oritioize all of the themes is beyond the scope of
mi ordinary newspaper article, wo therefore con-
tout ourselves with the quotation of mul commentary ii|H>ii an excerpt contained in Mr. Hoodcrsou's
ohsorvnlions whoa summing up tho outlook of fu-
Iun* hiiMiiciM.
The people of British Columbia have
long recognized Leckie boots and shoes
ais superior to those of eastern and foreign manufacture. *The difficulty is
that we, of this province, too often
overlook the importance of' buying
Leckie products. We should adopt a
policy of buying every, kind of product
made In British Columbia to the exclusion of other marvffacture, because
it is a well established fact that every
dollar expended here at home is worth
several times that expended elsewhere.
In the matter of boots and shoes,
particularly, it is most Inrportant to
purchase goods made in our own province. For instance, a pair of shoes
which costs, say, $5.00 in Fernie,
means nothing on the surface ii the
average consumer. But when you consider that a foreign made shoe pays a
big duty, employs" foreign labor, requires foreign capital, pays foreign
freight ratee, uses foreign leather and
ether material, one can readily see
that about $4.00 to $4.50 goes to foreign interests.
.!. Leckie & Co., Ltd., do not sell
their products on the sole plea ot home
Industry. The big principle ln the
Leckie factory is QUALITY, and It is
recognized by men iu the shoe Indus-
ie*e*    ftir-MH»H'^Aiw   *,K»f   T A-wlr^A   *,l*******    *****
■**rn j-—vtv* yn-»»vi v—vwww—a-rw*vw—Buwir^Si-v-
as good as can be made. In the recent investigation conducted by military authorities concerning boots for
tbe Canadian contingents, Leckie boots
were given highest praise. They with,
stood every use, and letters are being
raoeiv-ed every week from our .boys iti
France and England who received
Leckie boots last August and are still
wearing them in comfort.
Outside of the sentiment which
should prevail, we of British Columbia
should demand Leckie boots and -shoe*
because we get most of our money Id
such purchases.
*•    W. A. Jacob
Bach ago has had its own peculiar
development, Its own peculiar needs,
Its own peculiar achievements and
therefore Its own peculiar expression.
Although history apparently repeats
Itself, no two ages have been entirely
alike, sad that which wat considered
necessary and therefore -permanent,
has been pushed aside and declared no
lonjter fit to serve tbe people.
N'oraml men and womoft have a
desire to live. They have a desire to
live better, and their means of living
Is detormlend by the means at hand
and thoir knowledge of how to um
The people could not have steam engines until they had learned how to
control steam. They could not have
electrical machines until they had
learned something about alactrfolty.
They could not rare across the country
st th* rate of sixty miles aa hour until
they learned to build roadways and engines. These things are all considered neceewry In the effort or talking
life worth while, and out of tht tray
the people secure a living develops
thtlr Meat of  social  relations
"Tvwv vvuKh <"lWd not lw iwjwa for in tlw way or'mmi  ^i.   jWtta  ^j  j^teron-tat.
t»8<N rt»'.'Niing from tho poswixion of h publicity j iho foreign trade now lost to Germany and Austria, j™"* hc.u to™U*h • baBl* tajtotol-
,, ,      „,     ,      „,,       . ,'.»...,. .* , •   list reasoning sod thay art uroupeu on-
vrgna. tJu-rv ar»* uhu oth«r loiunU not t**» pir.npu ya*t if the A-Hio* Ht*r« Y»t-toriuii«   them   countries j4jnr n**t t#prot Economic Determinism
bio. It is truo, but nevertheless* of incalculable value
tn tht- tet Hit ion of ftthto-iioii Miiiniitf the iiitinU.-r* nf
«iii <ri»nni?ntii»n m widely mattered through-mil tho
differ, ni «amp» of ItC. and Alberta by keeping
♦hem informed of what is going on el*ewlier«', lo
thin re-tpect mny mention that «piito a number of
flte »««i«Hersltip have added no inoon«iilonible Mini
I,, their '»)«*ome bv ootilrilitititiff the**- ileoi* ol eur-
would ite minimi to pay • hstfy ont SMrfiMawMSttgr.}«-."B2255iJS£5y JSSSSSS?&&*aSMSSSSSS
and thU they would not do mdiW ailOWtd to pro- human anions and ara amsllr able tn
duct and mv off thtlr dabta with tht fnilti of thtlr l^nlsin thtm.   When oat undartttnds
ouce no pay qu wwtr atow wiw mm inun m ww j |JM| m Atrial well Wins of Indlvi-
production. jdtnils is improved by erononrie ad-
Hor, is the munition of a most deplorable state) XT^A!? V m!££tn «J
or arfairs. viewed from Ibe standpoint of tho »■«. h«r the f«!nte*i whiter ot ttw» Lord
.... , , ; *fe#n h« calls thfm to • place paying
jMiMiptivo vMniww side' -im ta*»a«i! salary, but nmiai tw
... »   i"    The MiperfieUl oWmr fc^
fH»n I""*", ■■nl ««thl» Ihe  «4 two year* rnm*y\,ltlm, lim ilM, Amrift haw ,^n W(IJlih(,, UJ^K?.'   W^W'iiTSS|
lv,   1:'',   ^,'^.'.*!^•'•*',, •,,,--!'.sv<* h'.- '"•>*•■*»* 5«»i*.|  mit hy  *-**•' . -   *.      -   -       -   -        ....       ,
UU;r'„.', 1,.1-direr U • .»i.»|> i-orrv^wMulrnt*.
they will travel, thousands of miles
further In order to secure more food,
and why not? If groups of people feel
a need for their services why should
they not go to that group which is
willing to pay the most for it. (We are
not condemning them for trying to improve their economic conditions. "We
are not complainug, we are only explaining." It matters not how spiritual we are. we still have nesd for the
material things if we keep alive.
Tell me what you do for a living,
and I will tell you what you are thinking about.
CHEWING  GUM      *  *    .
Hike a Corner
Collect the Cushion
every (tWUt Package
ShfMts Gim
1901CZ. » CENTO
Beware of
SoW on the
Bar attppllad with tht btst Wiaaa
Liquora tnd Cigar*
Tie' ),«4i«*» (irinted from time to time «l»oit1 -keep-
j«... tm m rmi *.ltrr «. f*Mr ..»» th,,r Irtd,."^^t 'AS^JSTSSSSS|f "^
j     A|'|»»rtinio«*» often «l«-*eive.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, -Groceries, Boots and
Shoee, Gents' Furnishings
We have   ..
Screen Doors
In All Standard Sizes from
$1.50 to $2.75
25c. to 60c.
We Are Ready to Scratch .
oft yoo* bill anr item ot lambtr toi
found Juflt ta we rtprtaenttd. Thtr*
la no hocui pocua In
This Lumber Business
tyl»& you fut apnea #t 'i(f n&
tend you hemlock. Whtn you buy
tlrat-claai lumber wt don't,. Blip ia a
lot ot cnlla. ThoM who buy onct trom
ua alwaya eomt again. Thoat who
Have not ytt madt our aoqualntanot
art taking chanctt thty wouldn't op
oounttr if thty bought thtlr lumbtr
— Dtiltrt In —
Lumbtr, Lath, thlngltt. Saah ant
Doora. •PICIALTIkt-Mouldlnja,
Turnlnga. Sraektu, and Dttall Work
OFFICE ANO YAftD-MtPhtrttn avt,
Oppoaltt 0* H. Depot P.O. lax tt,
Phant It
Wire Screen Cloth
Hardware and Furniture
'Phone 37
FERNIE    -     B. C.
Full aupply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
Try our Cambridge Saua>
agea for tomorrow'a break*
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
A. Maonall S. Btnwtll
■arrlatert, Solicitor* NataHet, Ita.
Offleta:  Ground Flaw, Sank tf
Hamilton Building Ftrnlt, B.C.
F. C. Lawt.
Atax, I. Plthtr
Ftrnlt. ft O.
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. 3. Jennings, Prop. L. A Mills, Manager
Mtnu a te Cartt
...      . ...        . ,   i    In «Hfr t«» <rti«h th«« cwittjr it in mremory to:
xm n',rov ir**m *iiff*r*nl *'*iiH*-t*i^tttti 1** lb*-iiuiMlul        , , „ , ... ,„.
tr fo .ihTiim vnirk hy thmt- »Ir»»,nly tm lit* *j»»U ' .     , ., ,   '    t    ,   .    ,    ,      „,.
A , - . ..     ,.  .     .  ._  u^Uir* uii t hr wv*mmummmt m tlw t-aiws.    lattm-
h»%*m**n\mnnynmt*r'h*imn\mi*\m«hinhnr*l-rnrt\i • ,     ,   ,
" " ■*,,.., ,«•*■•■   n .*,*n **,■■• It,*   l-.^*,-.     -hrtH-n   V*t1rt*ft   ■hw   ***,1*>V**1****1*tl *
ttt »itt*>lir,v ih *|Ht*t «»l .in -i-uiMti' )*m, mint l«»rrv«»^
tf»<w»«n4» of m'bft In or«ir to Mr»iyf
*«t#*rt*l food tot thmnmUm.     AM1
pvt*rt*t\   0   «lnMI|^»»llt»«IMfHt   HJ*HI   rr««-|||lt*«{   um  *x*%-
1 nalioii.
TV rr;f«MiS> <lihaU« whkh th«* UwtriH l^lar^r
hi*lir'iiitiil from tim»*totim«'il««ali»iff with*»|n«tion*
itpiw irtit-fn tn»» wnl-rr* iwmi »it»ririir.M*i «»)»th»«»i»*».
har* hn*\ ***« inMmHiv*' vain*, up-on tV |*»il#>w t*t
no mlitrht worili.
Kr*^^l**ti* of i»xpn^»«t«n. wht-t* vt*u\ of |n»r«in-aH-
tirt an«l a^rimonioii* iilt-fram-**"*. h»% t-xt-r !»»**•* nl-
I, I**,,,*.•■.i-iii t**..'
.,. **,»".,,,   ***\*j, ...I*!',(.i*t tr, it,* m**}*ttiiiinra*-'t f«t*
lU'Ir -.tulU}   *tx'il\t iuU-rrnl *A*il*cA llM-fH-n, Mn- 1iv*r%.*
lhy, hnf Wt* ?!'i'*l **»'! thr- im^rnrk** w«wN*»w(t ***MI $«**■*
t, M...ii,-|.«r>  ..,iu|mnation.     Tli«> lotal ftittu which
,.,»..*>   ..* n...,...'if  ♦„   ,,f  #•(,!(■*»-«««•*»■! rtrt/ttrw***-triii* •>-*  1*,
In* rxtrartril fr»»tn IV \mmt, tml*.   t*«tiMt*\*t*< •»•»■»■•'
List of Locals District 18
Special Rat* Bowtud Rood br tht wMkOTimmth
mAPat^^W^mbAt A WWW  BB1W  •""
JM^£      flu     H^^^_g|^Jbg|
flWWni   Wm    WapWWmWnm
tttt  matriMHrw
* *•»*•• **** •««••
Wf*. w$*w w# ©» A##hfW
JT. WiaaOay. Oaatttad. Alta.
Jmemm Pm** Pm KO tpmwm*
I. Orr main. RWr«or», Alu
.T. O. HaMiBR,'*~ '
11 yihy
¥,v*f\i* -'tf
vtrntu'■%,»1- »
Tlw* mamgi>m*'nt
tmm iim* t» tin*
»f tli
l.jlmx.n of thr Immo K'ji^tion «fwll» ili*a-»trr for tW]**^ rmtrnptnl** .J. MttafctB, Caiboadalt. Cotoowa. Alta.
tviwiintf *tih\      If »*♦•• h-mtrr he -f-nfiMjr «|«i.l.h*.l * t^ <'*»Btitor»> ..*",""**".**" V. f». Thartltli, Pftt *|T, Oaamof*. Alta.
i» ia n t**t*t**ti* r.»»«"lii*»o*n that hi* al»iliiy lo to-tak*: HU *Cobymno.......9,.»....Jt.
$,*.**) thip iii«lr«nity impttipnl i* it«think*M#»-     T*»;f^ *^f*^*^,'^
tttt Vault.........
W.t rnnh        , ,
IKatrirf  !^l«rrr ^rti^m*n o MmH rtttity tbm kt roomtl m ^-^    j*gj ****»*>	
tmnortan*^ t*» th«- iror!<n% bote twHm?"^ "     ' ' „   ,    .    t   .       ..        !•"*
* tl ,    .), *,•■?  *,r;.t th.-* it, i n et'** 1" lb*' 1tt*i,tnt \*r*f  »«•.».«j,f
-m»»lif'M-«1  tttt't  -*i*tittyt.'-'t ;""'''., ...       ., . *,     ,       ':  27
roUtai nf.-.n t.» Mf» in thri   y*m ■«»a»^ fJilfaaiiw =a r-vtpm^ milhtf rm ymi
  P. iin»«iit«». Cftia-M* w**n, comm*trm utr,
....»tooo* t^patM. wtrwt^, bl is*,
Pvan tlmwnm, PNt»%, Aim.
 mmb. »^ot, nutcfuu mo
.... IL Patctctu was M. uttaatMipa> Atta*.
ilMHH- of donation*,* «ifl it mn hr *mtl   with   aWJ^W * &ml mm |.w,t«w.
trntfcftitn*"** th«t mmrtriy * l*-t»Ut **-*w*-rl u»*k |   TV «»$nh%'r %)*>■> Ia* *A*\**A h* wmhj im 'iht^
III**** *l>Ut *lk»l btmt tin*nmpi*l ww twftwimnf mtittwrniw *»tW- *»■»■« t**-*1* U» M*i.i*Ckr«l **4.*lk *,m****m* U,
l4».*r f.rf mmm* mit'trtnmtn hmthr-r nr Wt ifpp**. Ifrfww|* a* n r»»wiril tm tm t*fpf*trimfom."  **M|m AmmAnmb, tUmmno.
%%mt* fcaf »tot tttp IM»W^ l^lfrr Job inant t^ln«!    Thty ar* right tmmpb m their i0*«. |f«.,twl-j
'ponpmi. om *aW«l mym to tmAi rittmr fcy top*. *4 tm* omtoHim U tea bonjtht on rtxtnnr fmApe.
#*a>w###iaw em !»•
* m-Wmmmtw    PMnw    3V-MHU«   m%   %***
. T. ft. tinxtia> fHMntwwr, AIM.
.A. 90/Aomm.m^mo.
An-nbm, Hotbom, tta* R«c*y
Ay^^r^^#»W^k#   *■■r Mfa&mm'wKmJHll A    wm'
ttm 00   I ia—m1 T^HaiWl ITirstt Itrf It T fft Wffl Ffirff
fVWiW     it-^AAmAmtmrm,   w mmmmtmmm*  Ammnmmf mww i^m tm mmom vp mmm m^m-^mmt
fi0O.uO   O4WNM0, MMUrVtl HOVS^ Wwl sm* WWsWA AA
bml IteiBi* 8UM fsih. ImIsbss bs IBHI*
at*M«ilMi   Amp Bimii mi tal 10 s ttm ■mttmmmAb AM. .mmm
^^4b*A.^tmi*aPrtm      op tmwtt wt-W^wtt^ntmP at^Po t*^mm ^^mo n^o ^om^^^f  s^^^*^sp ^-^-^^m^-^^^mp ^^mw ^wjt whf-w
BapiU4 drank.  Ttnna.   pnrt cwl pgpwnilt MiB«a
ttm Bt' IMS* yftfV Wl WAJ WtWA
*m*  Ltt«»ilfOvBlatkft,V*rt«toA
WAlK-     Jk.     WW Ak tmbWhWM wt>w*
EirAwP   mmmb   JBhMHNP Jl mw JBrJm
bi       tnwHi i <& ?%iF"-^™
:• ■ --*\.\ I:"".-
TMe Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
oc other valuables in one of these boxes
f». B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Eaq., Preildert   EUAS ROGERS, Esq., Vlce-Prti,
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chaie, Cranbrook, Fornle, Golden, Invermert,
Natal, Nelaon, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rata from data of deposit.
James Mason, General Manager
There is an increase in small savings accounts with the
chartered banks in every part of Canada. Are you also
saving more closely than usual? One dollar opens an account
with the Home Bank. Pull compound • interest paid at
highest bank rate. "
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
B. C.
"Picturesque Wales"
and -
"Japanese Artisans "
Saturday Matinee and Nlnbt
"Her Shattered Idol''
"Wished on Mabel"
Mtwt of ttom World
Pony Contest Ends Saturday,
JULY 31st  Votes must be in by 10 o'clock,
Monday, August 2nd, to be included in count
Prist** AwaHed Monday
Nifflst nt 9
Tte mines up here worked six daya
lasi; woek, n.-nrnlng shift only.
The stork 1 i id another visit to camp
last week-end, waving a fine ^au^hrer
to Mr.' ana Mrs J. W. Bucaiuan <-f
Morrissey Oousges. All conwned
dolus woil.   -
Mr. Buckless took a large number cf
children on a pleasure trip in his car
on Sunday last.
x Will all local members.of the Fernie
Co-operative Store note that the half-
yearly meeting will 'be held in the Victoria Hall on Sunday evening next at
7.30 p.m. Balance sheets and rule
books -will be distributed at the meeting.'
The school children, under the direction of Miss Townsend are rehearsing scarf and flag drills for the celebration in Fernie on August 4th.
General Manager Wilson is almost a
daily visitor up her lately.
Several disciples ot the great Ike
Walton are spending the idle days in
pursuit of tbe finny population. Some
good catohs are reported.
Mrs. Josiah Knwles and family left
camp on Monday morning en route to
the Old Country. A large number of
residents assembled at the depot to
bid adieu. We wish them a safe
Mr. Dicastro, Italian Consul, was in
camp on Saturday in connection with
the mobilization orders of the Italian
The 'depot notice board is emblazoned with drawings, depicting scenes at
the "front/'-from the pen, of our local
artist, 'Mr. McLeod. ,
The young men of tho Presbyterian
Church have formed themselves into
a club to 'be known as the Coal Creek
Beavers. The Rev. H. R. Kay presided at the inauguration meeting helu on
Sunday last. The following officers
were elected: Hon. President, H. R.
Kay; vice-president, 'Walter Joyce;
President, J. H.*Parker, vice-president,
J. Worthington; Secretary, J. Glover;
treasurer, N. 'Patterson; baseball manager, W. Glover; lacross manager, J.
H Parker; football manager TGaskell;
An initial fee of 25c. per member will
be charged. It Is the intention of
the promoters to foster true comradeship and pure sport. Invitation is
given to any young man to join. All
business communications ' to be addressed to J. Glover, Coal Creek, who
will be pleased to arrange matchesvof
the above branches of <sport during the
summer months.
Machine Gun Fund Organized at Coal
Ever ready to respond to an appeal
for assistance, the residents of this
camp attended a meeting in the Club
Hall on 'Monday evening, called for the
purpose of discussing ways and means
to present a machine gun ut the 54th
'Battalion. Superintendent Caif-e'.d
occupied the chair, and addressed the
gathering at some length, gi/ing a resume of events transpired during the
preaent conflict in Europe, alao i::ert-
tionlng the fact that Fernie had Btart-
The ambulance class in Coal Creek
decided to make a presentation to Dr.
Moore for his services in connection
with the formation of the class. This
took place ln the Club Hall on Wednesday evening. 'Secretary Combes occupied the chair, and in a very neat
speech presented the doctor with a
handisome fitted travelling 'bag, on behalf of the class members. Dr.
Moore, in reply, spoke of the pleasure
he had derived by the attention and
enthusiasm shown during the course,
interspersing his remarks by reminiscences. Owing to the absence of Drs.
Cor-aan and Bonnell, Dr, Moore had to
leave hastily. We are sorry the certificates were not ready for distribution,
owing to the short timo Dr .Bonnell
has prior to leaving, but hope at a near
date to publish the successful candidates' names. (As this is the last
publication of the District Ledger we
presume our correspondent will use
some otber channel.)
ed a fund for the purchase of machine
gun* and asked the assistance ot the
residents ot this camp along those
lines. W. S. Greenhlll also somite, after
wliich it was decided to form a machine gun fund of our own. Ohi-wirs
were elected as follows: President, P.
Caufield; secretary-treasurer. R. Jobn-
stone; Committee, W. S. GrsenU'll, Ur.
Burnett. Sam JUnnany. E. BiUibaroiigh,
J Worthlngtbd, Dave Martin, sr., J,
Steele, R. Adamson, A. *Wal»n; J. Caufield and Chas. Percy VartiKK suggestions wore put forward ns to means
of raising the money require! The
committee were then empowered to-
proceed with the raising ot fundi. All
communications in this matter to be
addressed to R, Johnstone, secretary*-
itreasurer, Coal Creek.
Tho Red Cross Association of (,'csl
Creek gratofully acknowledges tbe following contributions:
Mr. Wm. Greenhlll $ 2S.00
■   »*••••«*«
I    •••*•<
Mrs. J, M. (Burnett
Mr. A. Townehend
Mrs. C. Perry ...
Mrs. M. Dooley
Mrs. P. Mulgrew
Mrs. (Foster ..*..
Mrs. Kauferbanfer
Mrs. Vincent ....
Mrs. R. Adamson .
Mrs. Patterson
Mra, Umm
Mrs. Rktyard
Mrs. 8tsvsns
Mrs. Pat*      1.00
Mrs. R. Scferara       1.00
Mrs. E. Gibson     2.00
Mrs. Atkinson       1.00
Mrs. aWraroln      1.00
Mrs. Ferguson      i.oo
Mrs. J. M. McPherson      1.00
Mr. J. Joimm ....,,.....•••...    1.00
Mr. T, Halle     i.oo
Mrs T. Morrlvon SO
Mrs. Poxton     1
***** ******
AreYou Going to Europe ?
See ih« Great Northern Afcnt. lie ton arrange jour nil
ind »te«mihip booking over any lint you wish to travel
«*he*t*ly ami qufokly. I W-»g*r train f«r main Um kbit*
P*rn{* 1fl.H0 a.m. \*onmng*r from main Hn* irrftrwi0*1 i.m.
Train daily except Suwlaya. Wr ronnwt with O.N.I'.H.H.
hosts, Groat Northern tml Northern Pacific tt Portland
nml Hon Vnnmom tor th* Fair.
W* gntfeft your EXPRESS
Wxgtm tttttnty li Otty Trot
4. M. WIM, Afttt, fori*
Mrs. J. Buchanan ,,
Mrs. J. Mawson ....
Mr. A, Oanfleld ...
Mr. V. Landers ....
Mr, J. IMI 	
Mr. Marcar .......
Mr, 3. Oliver	
Mr. W. Austin .....
Mr. Joyce ........
Mr. 0. Wilson 	
Ur, J. Caufield ....
Mr. D. Martin 	
Mr. J. It**l* ......
Mr. W. Uncastur ..
Mr. ©. MoNar .....
Mr. T, Tnlty 	
Mr. II. Packer ....
jr. A. n atson .....
r. Wr -.	
Mr. 11. Matabail ,...
Mr. w. fomaiona ..
Mrs, H. Ilngfe-as ...
Mr. J, Wnlnn .....
Mm. Wllaoti 	
Un, i. WortUltuton
Mr. Franc* 	
Mm. tmnttoo .....
llm  ft   l-Xnnth   ..
Mrs. Stevens .	
Mrs. J. 'Hewett ...
Mrs. W. Atherton .
Mrs. Poelix 	
Mrs. Branch 	
Mrs. D. Martin, jr.
Mr.' J. Appleby ..,
Mr. T. Miard	
Mrs, Brown
..,*,,,.,-' *m.ti
...*7.-i.. .50
.-;'-.:.:.. .50
.*. 25
.;     2.co
  m. 00
M-. E. Caufield       2.00
■Mrb J. Dixon 	
Mrs.-R. Fowler	
Mrs. Caskpll 	
Mr. J. isoardman ..,
Mr. Anderson 	
Mr. J. Moi loe	
Mrs. J. Vnung	
Mrs. T. Reid  	
Mrs.' B. Coughlan ..
Mrs, J, Manning :'..
•Mrs. T. Birkett	
Mrs. W. Reed   ....
Mrs. Odgen  .......
Mrs. Machin .......
Mrs. Cartmell  	
Mrs. Davison 	
Mrs. Eckersley
Mrs. A. M. MoLeod.
Mr. Pete 	
iMrs. Hartley	
Mrs. T. 'Mlchell ....
Mrs. J. Rogers	
Mr. T. Furneaux ...
Mr. J. Carwath 	
Mrs. Arrowsmlth ..,
Mrs. Byron 	
Mrs. Monks  	
The result of -the voting on the
Liquor Act Is now a matter of history,
and Taber has decided, in< common
with the majority of the Province, to
give the Act a trial.
'Both sides worked hard on Wednesday last lo get the voters to the poll,
and the vote was a fairly large one.
With the exception of a few lively discussions, everything passed off quietly no cases of trouble ibeing reported.
The poll in Taber resulted In a majority of 27 in favor of the act, thc Ague-* hftln.g 90a Van, and 17fi H«      Thn
country polls of the riding brought the
majority in favor ot the Act up to 843
The dry bracing air of this prairie
province can now be expected to be
dryer than ever.
The Temperance and Moral Reform
Association people held a meeting in
the theatre on Sundw evening, when
the sneakers addressed the meeting
on-the "glorious victory won in the pro
vlnce for the temperance cause.
Some of the local farmers have aut
fered heavy losses to their crops, with
the hall -storms that visited this dis
trict in common with other 'placei last
Tbe population of Taber has been In
creased by the addition of a daughter
to Mr. and Mrs.'Wm, Vickers, the mine
carpenter, and a sou to Mr. and Mrs:
Robert Moffat.    Cheer up, boys.
R. Henderson, of the R. X. W. M. P.,
stationed here, 'has been transferred to
Coalhurst this week
W. Young left on Monday for a visit
to bis home In England. He has boen
'spending the week-end with friends In
town, having come In from hia homestead north of Brooks last Friday. He
aays horaesteadtng 60 mites from town
ls rather lonesome for a tingle fellow.
Dar* Ryan wont to Lethbridge on
Wednesday night to see Mrs. Ryan,
who has been III In hospital tor tlw last
month. *H* reports she ti getting
along nicely, and expecta to «ee her
homa again shortly.
Wm. 'Robinson, who got struck -with
lightning In the storm of a month ago.
Is still confined to twd, but ts reported to be doing aa nicely as ean bo expected.
Our looal secretary, Alex. Paterson
la tii* lat*at recruit from Tabor to Join
the forces, having toft for Calgary on
Thursday night, where b« waa accept
•d to a*rv* In tb* R, A, ,M. C. H* has
the best wishes of hts many friends In
Taber. This l**v«* a vacancy In th*
offtc* of Swettvyy of twr Ikkji!, uhlth
will probably be filled at otir next
The Taber Woomu'm Institute ar*
holding a big field day In th* Recreation aroutrds on Wednwday afternoon
of this week. In aid of th* Red < reus
fund. A Rod Crofv parade Is arranged for In which th* school children,
boy scout* and ambulance corps ar*
to tak* pan, and will b* b«*d*d by th*
Miners' Band and Piper Martin Clray.
tlssebtttl and football mmea are to
tak* place on tke ground, to b* follow-
•d In the *r**ilfig by a dan-e* In the
Hml«l Hall,
Much indignation la being felt
among the wives or our looal mMhnn
whit are ».** th* free it a« %e*t)*t*l «f t%*
division of th* Mhmrtn PatrtoHr Fund
■I'mttmim*-* tn 4*<inet |j«.*o per month
front their slSowsn**. whlrh th*r jiro-
pot* to plat* In a traw fund tn aMt*f
tb* *ol(H*M* wb*n «h#<y rmtnrn trom
th* war. It ts f*it here that thl* I* a
l*}if»«?b of trust ou tii* pnn ot tbt- turn*
m'.tm nt thnm marrM metx *nlltt«l
..*,,*■■. 9.9*9,1**.^*,     99191* i
"  9 *t,'n**ia ■"•i'*«, *vi
District Secretary-Treasurer, and John
Loughran visited Beaver and distributed relief to 22 members of the union
who are still living in the camp.
Needless to say a second visit on a
similar errand would be nquch appreciated.
-Within the past fortnight Dave
Thomson, carpenter and Dave Muir,
pit iboss, left Beaver and started work
at Coalhurst; Harry Drew of -Beaver,
who has been living at Pincher Creek
for the past two months, also found
employment at Coalhurst. Ed Joice,
formerly of the locomotive staff at
Beaver, after spending a week in that
burgh, returned yesterday en route for
Lethbridge, where he expects to find
employment on the C. P.. R. staff. Victor Lord, late hoist engineer, left for
Calgary last Priday after visiting
friends at 'Beaver.
Mrs. Dave Muir, who had to undergo a second operation at Pincher
Creek hospital three weeks ago, after
spending a few days with Mrs. Drew,
left for her home at Beaver on Saturday.
After putting up several stunts in
opposition to the Liquor Act and debating the question with all kinds of
"dry" opponents, John Loughran has
arranged for a months' quiet fishing.
Although the province has gone "dry"
he finds consolation ln the fact that
everywhere he spoke went "wet." ,
An accident happened on Monday
evening as the section crew was returning home from the big showing on
a flat car which got the best of the
crew and was coming down the track
at a terrific pace, throwing the occupants down the steep grade, injuring
four of them, who, fortunately, at tha
time of writing are progressing favor
Chas. Graham made a flying visit
to Fernie on Monday, Mr. Montelbetti
taking him as far as Natal on a speeder, where they overtook the passenger,
which they missed at McGillivray.
James Rayburn, brakesman on the
IS. B. C. Ry., took sick on Sunday and
was brought home unconscious on the
engine, but we are pleased to say that
he is a lot better at the time of writing.
Tom Clarke, who has 'been fireman
on one of the company's engines, quit
on Saturday and pulled out for Cranbrook.
J. T. Jackson, who is working on
the government trail from Coal Creek
to the Flathead, spent the week-end
with his family in Corbin.
The Coal Company has re-opened Xo.
4 Mine for a month to keep the orders
going until they can get the dirt scraped off lower No. 3 'Mine so that they
can load coal all winter.
Chas. Graham is busy setting old
hands on, but the chickens come home
to roost.
•Mrs. iR. Garbett is -spending a week
in vMichel,
Geo. Elmes has arrived in camp and
has secured a Job at the big showing,
Sunday School- Supt. Tells
How "Fruit-a-tives" Relieved
Toronto, Ont., Oct. lst, 1913.
"I have lived in this city for more
than 12 years and am well known. /
suffered from Rheumatism, especially
in my hands. I spent a lot of money
without any good results. I have taken
"Fruit-a-tives" for IS montlis now and
am pleased to tell you that Tam well.
All the enlargement has not left my
hands, and perhaps never will, but the
soreness is all gono and I can do any
kind of work. I have gained 35 pounds
in eighteen months."
60c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
Atalldealersordirect from Fruit-a-tives
Limited, Ottawa.
source from which the ills flow.   Most
men are doing eveu so.
The decision of the issue between
the private owners of the earth aud all
the people of the earth Is close at
hand. Women who now vote and women not yet enfranchised will have a
voice in the final settlement. If the
women who as yet do not vote can be
depended upon to tolerate the cesspool and nurse the fever, the masters
will hasten to enlist them In the ranks
of tbe voters. That is why the militant working class dare not make light
of tbe question of votes for women.
Women must be awakened to a consciousness of the new necessities.
Their minds will never open fuhy io
tbe new social gospel until they nre
potent to help decide the social des
and will precede the final contest.   „,
woman Is to learn 'to swim she really
Directory of Fraternal
Meet every Wednesday evening at
8 o'clock in K. P. Hall.
Noble Grand—J. PEARSON
Secretary—J. McNICHOLAS.
iMeet first and third Thursday
month, at 8 p.m., in K. P. Hall.
>    Noble Grand—A. BIGGS.    '
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30 p.m.
K. P. Hall, Victoria Avenue.
K. of S.—D. J. BLACK,
Lady Terrace Lodge, No. 224, meets
ln the K. P. Hall second and fourth
Friday of each month .at 8 p.m.
W. M.-,Mrs. J. BROOKS.
Secretary—Mrs.  JANE  TIM MINGS
Meets every Monday at 7.30 p.m., In
K. P. Hail.
Dictator—J. SWEENEY,
Secretary—G. MOSES.
140 Howland Ave.
Meet at Aiello's  Hall  second  and
third Mondays fn each month.
Secretary—J. M. WOODS.
Box 657, Fernie.
$100 Reward, $100.
The reartcn ot Ihlt paper will be pleased it, tears
that tbere I* at leatt oue dreaded dlaean that tcttnt*
haa been able to cura lo all Ita atatiea. and tbat I*
Catarrh. Uall'i Catarrh Cure la tbe only poatuva
cure now known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
betas a conaUtuUoaal dlwaae, require* a ooaMtu-
tional treatment, nail's Catarrh Cure la taken internally, acting dlrecUy upon tbe blood and mueoua
•urlarc* ol Uie syatem. thereby destroying the
foundation ot the disease, and ttvtng the patient
strength by building up the constitution aiid i
tag nature In doing Ita work.   ~~
.        ....._  ........   The proprietors have
Votes for womAn must nrpcpda   ■> much talth In Ita curative powers that they offer
votes ior women must pret-eue   one Hundred Dollars for any ease that It falls u
- ..--       If   cure,   Bend'loMIrt ot testimonials.
Address F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo. O.
Sold by an DmortMa. ;5c
must be permitted to go Into the water. I   Take Hairi Family rm tot constipauoo.
John_iRedlTeSd—has moved~7hls wife
and family up here, having secured a
Job running the steam hoist.
R. Redhead and John N'ogl have
again captured a job and are working
in No. 4 Mine digging black diamonds.
Mrs. Beale, wife of the doctor, arrived ln town on Thursday.
Mrs.iBaker, wife of J. B. Baker, came
from Spokane to spend the summer
months with her husband.
Marl Allen, secretary-treasurer of
the coal company, paid his monthly
visit to pay out earnings to tbe few
men that are left.
On 'Monday evening a small fire
broke out In the neighborhood of Fred
Hairn's chicken house. The tire .brigade, however, was soon on the Job
and succeeded in putting out the fire
before It had done much damage.   .
Tbe health inspector would do woll
to visit this burg, as the policeman
has been around and told everybody
not to keep chickens under the houses.
A few of the wise ones, still refuse
to observe this very necessary sanitation regulation.
Annie Krlveniky haa gone to her
father's homestead up the Elk Valley
for a few weeks.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦,
A grand dance will be held In Michel *
Hall on Monday, August 8th.     Tha
proceeds of same will he used for tbe' 2
purpose or purchasing handkerchiefs'
tor the soldiers, also cheeso cloth and
bandages for hospital work.    Admit-'
•Ion:   Ladlett, handkerchief*,  cheese-
cloth or cotton for bandages; gentle-.
men: 50c.    -Good music guaranteed.   >
Tho members of the Angling Asm-
elation aro now getting busy.   The largest spotted trout for the prite rod
na* aotpkeA lu i>> 1U»i; TutU, J iu..
12 os. |
The doctor question it still on the >
bill with the employees   of   Michel
Minna,     However, it is to he hoped
that the meetln* to bt held on Saturday, July Sist, in Michel mil *!1J bc.
the laat one.
Who was the fUherman that mw tx
trout In the river three mil—pardon,!
three feet- long? 8om# Individual
said It was --*-. Rumor bn* It ihat
the ftahermnn In rjupstlnn had bci'ii
taking tplktts tn hts beer betor« hitting
thn W-nam    C***** f\\,\*lii*-*l ,
Hal-, but*, tf *hf 'Initw ll*!' wmM'
only tome through with that Wt of
c«*h wo would ttt#n he «W# tn pay ott
& tta  V.'.'.*, a...; -.;....-,■   *.,.,.,', '-.„,i s,*
tolelnt amot-tf our wdltort
the miae* art- working »;.*».-»d>. .uul
with <he net t-oai -i-raiher Inssulled'
Pfoapm?!* look t.-isn*.»!i;it t»rl«hii»r fnr'
tbo future, Momnci, !1n»re arc nuitu,
a few m#n Hiifurin* amwnd whn would :
like tH* ut>pt,rutn.i) oi a*** Ins m ) »t>.:
•o would sot ntlvtnm anv worker to Hit
LOftl/IO Miners*
.. For many yeara the Standard heavy boots and shoes
Shoe dealers, miners, loggers,
farmer* all who know good
heavy boots—have universally
acknowledged LECKIE
BOOT8 as the BE8T THAT/
The LECKIE reputation
stands behind every LECKIE
shoe whether it Is the heavy
boot or the gentleman's street
walking shot. Every LECKIE
Shoe Is made of HONEST lea-
then—HONEST workmanship
—HONEST material through,
Your dealer will bt glad to
and SHOES.    Ask him today.
Madt in British CvUimlu?
GUS  RADLAND,  Proprietor
4   ....   .„..  .9,.....i. -*-*■«**.9*m*.itt,*tm ***** imitm*.
■ ti-hrir wive* ***4 f«*m-M'«.# wwil* **>.■■**, ■»,.»«!    t*i■*,'*,       ', *     ' ■' <   \ .•', »   ,.  >
(a stated allowance ii«rl«4 thrtr afchhli !a*t wrap, -news ha-rlmr b**n r*.
inenm, and it ia miy ttattanti that thtticviretl thai the mlnea at VotbAt w*r»
• iltfHfii'Mft It hemnt If* t*m:* it^vMI-n-'eMirttog mp iituki      M*ht1 4«.* -ha
itnmon. not proittiriv hlad#r wroU-hook good to th* CotWii boy*
\tm, whleh tboy pyntt alttw le nnt 4t*\ .-—.-> ~^.~-~~.	
4IV| {
tht colds tfttte on yowr dMtt ot ta yout
tmoootAn bnmton,m
are fuu su&jucl tu tfuutt buuLk*;
flmtli ttnmien Amott tmm bmmtkAt
ff-MgN-M wim ttbO ttttO -CHISmfW powtf^i
pM tkott'n GaMMra. m mntt jhmsn
WttnuaflttM -wUrti III tntvytiTkiwi
'.^tttt. mtpppibPOt'*mmomotompy4wtirr
■■ipmaM      fc^aibHASki     'Ak^OmyiPmnWeWmVtt^mt       iPm^mai^mt^mt^mOMm^mmi    tmtmmmm^.   ^^^0—
wwa unim pptwmwww nrti^pnii mt lw"
pPBPHnnr VMS wmft nnpvninnnnF<^nHHiT<Pv
^BM-^aJ^te jafl^^***-l^^*^u-&*^-^k^^u^^^^l^-fa^^^^^-^ ^^j'At^^fa j^^^j^^h
ace«*sl« prescribed hy tht.hep spreial-
HHm   wnn vmb |[i»nt nlnnjpnw^nnpifc*
*-*Wfci   WMMM* - Wt. Win* IMM^Mt MM|
pwuMMf! pin wmmmwWKmp "A* J mwwm WW
mmm *bo l«v«a potAtm UCt -Mi
wmfa^ tM«M bmp b tm ot tnm-tlnh
UlMfcf* nt *h»-» H-m*
♦ ♦♦♦♦
fiH Wit tt o onrbbr fttrtal wramra
^^-■^nmrmwamto tm ■* §ponommp   pmnoomm mtmtymmAw
Um^obl^m toon ea n^4t*4 tn mtn,
ta**_ a» h-m^y  Ui6«itUta^ opwnihm*,
A andsttiu
WHrtr wnwiwwi vn-rw
Ily Anns Mat#jr RiRgwtorf \
~ j
Wb*r* w««w*» tm* tbere tn ttltl In-
temperama. (>roaiittitlon. miliUrl»fn.
«*hild tabor and all th* «*ORnmo*n abv»»i
tmm whlrh the wnvrkfng elat« Mff*r»
Tb»f la. wh*r* women rot* that* aims
Pfb*. tb* i»rop*rty -MMtitog to tb*
tvaaad^iiits-mi ne*! Vote xomyotiy ntna caotUUMi.
« * -    -*- - a m ^     ""^ Ulm* *?"* ** •*8al **"»'   Wfc*w' "mm* »"*" P««W««I oWe*
pi* wmrnt n"** tmm m ■Sttbtpsr froo .mnntn.s .to an Atucrltar.   titiu^ La,u * h»«i-*»«*.««•,«• *******. xn** **t-os*i*> mm
mm*J**mmm   AmU m momm immm»y*tnoA bept^we-t* ootorUmO-'itbo m*t»*otthe poutttinoo. «a4 tb««*
mmmmo PAAttomt mm lm tmb. tot iw ww* nwii again r»t»in«Ml atain ar* tb* pa«r»# and larlaty* «f tb*
tKia Mt fkfc. bttbnS ittaa pHlW .•' »» **tly Mie,    From wbta **■ fan.mtuur*, &t hm*4,
Att Wmm, tm m m OW tmtmM mtn. hmmnr. an adiourtiM tn-Mtiagf   wb*r* *om,n  *„i* work*r« .'in
pmwi   «t  bmmm-    Aorbot   «kt W «*•••» ra«f»»* was bm m Amiwwaf **n tb*mi*ti'#« »o tb* ownuw oT
»fttt>an, tawK MMfM. iMt mtmotti, ttt* i»«t., mp at «4* nn** «r wivnem-ytm:   lUmtm w* fi m tb* maibn
OOtb OP MMMM. IMM«  IttAm.   rftMHtb* rnmlt ot tbttt Mib*ratl««i« -»r*UiM  wffb ff *w«r*ihi*e 1mfi4**mt*i tm
mono,moimt pnot-oorm,ttwfwtyttteon, *wmx *mm*m.    'to* mn***m*m ttw* in*ibmim tit*    nrtmen hare v.tvte bt'tetl
Wm tAA tto OA mbAty tmot W 1&**- *m tomomm to morel ihe nmrtmn* tban -ban* mm in r*'*tnttnp\
ZaaaBlk.   It  also   ra»*« and  eviw}f»»»»y tnrh and to etrtntthen ih».;ib* ul-mt po»-f.r nt ib* prom t*-.t*m \
" -ttPttmo mot ntorm.   Bitlbi«t*itatb»«aHr »atl««i*r«t Mmubiat pen mt vbieb w* alt ar*.   " ««t*
' " "      *» mnn m tat m oo tan *n*rx*i*.iwnm*o am Mill strtklag nt tb* !>!«!
A foftatlbt «t« Mr. A, 3, Carta*.{wife* bar* heart, ot, all blind to th*1
F. M. Thompson Co.
The Beat IVfnlr^ in Ffnr1«>li m4
Caiiadku Footwear at Cost
Men's Brown or Black "K" make Shoe*.
Regular $7.00   Now $5.50
High Ug " IC " make. Regular $8.50 Now
Geo. A. Stater "Invictus" Shoes, Black, Brown
and Patents- Lace or Button. Regular
$6.00, now S4.50. Regular $550, now
HATS away down. Regular $3 00 and $3.50.
Now 42.25. Regular $2 and $2.50, now
ss Dry Goods Dept.
Children's Lace Hose
Iu fine silk Lisle. These come in black and tan
only.     Sizes 6 to 8.
Special  25c. pair .
Corset Cover Embroidery
This is au exceptionally good line aud comes in
a fine sheer quality.     Slakes dainty aud effective
covers.     Regular 25c.
v     Special 2 yards for 35c.
Wash Goods Special
In this lot ean be found crepes, gingham, voiles,
organdies, vestings, etc. The designs arc very
pretty and the colors are absolutely fast. They
sell regularly up to 25c.
Special 15c. yard
Ladles' Readyio-Wear
Petticoats, 65 Cents ->
Petticoats made of moire, in narrow and wide
flounces.     Como in 'black, brown, grey.
Special     65c.
House Dresses, $1.00
Dresses made of gingham and prints; some are
trimmed with embroidery, others with contrasting
colors.   Values as high as $1.75.
Saturday Special $1.00 '
Children's Rompers
Rompers made in gingham and crepe.     Colors,
tan, blue and checks.     Sizes, 2 to 6 years.
Special   65c
CC. a la Grace Corsets
These Corsets embody all
that is newest and best in
regards to style, workmanship and comfort.
We have just received our Fali shipment of these
corsets, and can safely say, that we have the largest
and best assortment ever shown in the City of
Try Us for Your Next
Men's Felt Hats
We will sell the best felt hat made Saturday at
$2.00 each.     See these in our Men's Department.
Also all our Straw and Panama Hats will be on
sale at half price.
Men'8 Pad Garters, 15c.
Our reg-ular 25c..pad garter in all colors.
On Sale Saturday 15c.(pair
Men's Odd Pants   •
Just arrived a large assortment of men's hyfled
and worsted pants in dark colors.     Prices rangfe
from $2.00 to $5.00.
Children's Sweaters, 25c.
Boys' wavy Sweaters, long sleeves "for ages 4 to
10 years.
On Sale Saturday at .'. , ,25c. each
Saturday Grocery
Krinkle Corn Flakes, 3 pkgs 25
Canadian Wheat Flakes, 5 lb. pkg     M0
Lowney's Cocoa, ^ lb. tin ,-...■ 20
Cooking Eggs, 2 dozen f 45
Okanagan Peaches, 3 lb. tin 25  •
Clover Leaf Salmon, 1 lb. flats 25
Big Loaf Flour, 98's ' $3.50
Feed Bran, 100 }b. sack  -51.55
Feed Shorts, 300 lb. sack ".....'  1.65
Dalton's Lemonade Bottle  10
Assorted Soft Drinks, per dozen 90
Macaroni, 10 lb. box     .70
Lyle's English Syrup, 4 lb. tin  35
Lipton's Blue Package Tea, per lb. 35
McCaw's Early June Peas, 6 tins     .55 ,.
Brown Australian Onions, 6 lbs  .    .25
Okanagan Cat-rots, 12 lbs *..*!. j .-..."• .25   "
Okanagan Beets, .12 lbs     .25,
Picnic Hams, per lb     .14
Rolled Boneless Shouldters, per lb. 16
Cooking Butter, 2 lbs 45   .
Breakfast Bacon,''Gainer's" per lb  .23 ,.
Boys' Suits, 95c.
Suits made of galatca, gingham and Indianhead,
in a varied combination of colors. .Sizes, 2y» to 8 ' .
years.                                             ',     ■ ° V    .*'   ..'■.'
Special    05p.
The Store of
Money Saying Prices
For the benefit of our readers we
reproduce the translation of an article
appearing In the May issue of "Human Idad Xueva," of -Buenos Aires,
written by €>. Martinet Sierra. As
this writer Is far removed from the
murder maelstrom he cannot be con*
slderod as a pro or an anti, but is as
near an absolute neutral as Is <vltiiin
tbe range of possibility, "therefore
what he has to say on tho subject Is
ex parte testimony void of bias.
The Great Criminal
Several months ago Gabriel Alomar,
In a moet .pleasing article commenting
upon tbe successful conclusion of (he
building of the Panama Canal -uld
tome thing like the following: "In
tbe great book ot history tbe 1914 w:il
toe known at 'Panama Canal Year.'
He was deceived. We, too, wbo
dreamed of the inauguration of the
kingdom of humanity by pacific means
were mistaken. The year 1014 will
stand out as the year of the Dig War.
"We are going to talk a bit about
war. Is tt possible to-day to speak
ot other matters? Is It possible to
take pen tn band and not mention tt?
Is It possible to be of flesh and blood
and feel aught but horror at this unheard ot butchery T No, it is not possible. We must talk about war.
Everybody at leatt outwardly and with
word* afcomlnattt* it. A few may do
thl« hypocritically, but the great mess
of those whom It affects adversely do
It In honest Indignation.
"Accordion to tbeir partisanship the
one gutlty of realising this estaolylsm
is ascribed to Germany and ber pride;
to Kngland and her egotism; to Ruasla and her ambition. We are going
to denounce the criminal by.generalls-
Ing s little moro. Tbe great criminal
Is not an emperor, a king nor a parliament, nor even an entire nation; '.be
great criminal w found In overy nation,
lie is a ferocious monster, a creation
of human forces, an unnatural child
4**'rt*\lttv tb* motb»r who pa*** l'"»
birth. The real guilty one In tbla war
-«»h»t ft to sif tbo raut» of this wsr,
nn eiptoelon'too fearful In Its eharttt*
er tt he tbe work of a single will-Is
Capital, or mor* totnmtly .prnking,
the Capitalist System, which rules and
govern* llw nwxlara warld—CAPtTAU
written la capital*.
AO,  )****   **).   '****■   *•  ***V  **V***H*t
rlr^-jiMn* Qu"t' r%?\\1 Int.. nnfl M It*
Mnn too, for I am a foctnllst. It ti
alao mr de-sire to treat ibta subject ao
«!««rty that ait may #** tba: (nth ot
toy ewu*mw*ttm*.
*Tt»e argnments t am going to nm,
,■...,*,,   t   ..*   - ..« I   ,., .     tt ■     I    , i 1 t.t
are to ••tire me as arguments, bav*
neither bmn invented nor dl*ww»d
by tm. la the flrat place, h-seens*
tboy are PACT* aad nobody can la-
ttot tbem, and (a the aeeond place
b*e*ns* tbey are to eelf-ertdent ttmt
aa opea mtnd caa wraap Umm readily
awf w1*hm*. bin*, thnrmhy nfttatnftif «
clearer wMNrrataadiag. Oth*™ mora
rapsbt* thaw I hat* told tlria Mary he-
lore tor Oie tra* MoetattM who kaowa
•ky be ta a foetattat tbere it nothing
la the** Hat* aew to htm. aai esy par-
poae la writiag ttom ta wot for tlw
bentftt of thom oho Imw, and know
that tbey know, bet for thoa* who
aeeiap to moi optototm*, aad with tba
fuue 'M, Mt ttusr fft'**,f "£">" 1*ha*
ia mU do I writ*.
"tn order to be on4«titood elcarty
me *ill araag* oat subject unlet t*
tm '
Causes ef the Present War
.  lst and essential—Capitalist;   Imperialism; Militarism.
Secondaries: Racial hatred; 'Perverted patriotism.
Theoretical   Demonstration   ef   this
Simple Picture
At all times, despite tbe utterances
found In the history books used In the
schools and collegea touching the
causes of war,an analysis reveals tbat
economic factors predominant.
"The majority of tho Individuals of
which a nation Is composed never has
desired a war for the simple reason
that tbe greater number ot individual
units prefer to live ln peace and obtain the enjoyment of the fruits of
their labors, but we find that tho
directive classes of the nations bave
Incited the people to make war witb
the end In view ot obtaining for themselves the economic advantages proper to each epoch. For Instance, In
the daya of antiquity tbe fight wai to
socure the slaves necessary to the
idle life or the directive classes. In
the feudal daya war waa carried on
for tho purpose or gaining territory to
be distributed among tbo nobles,
"Modern government* are capital!*
tte, tbat is to aay Capital fo/ertts and
■wn"ole tuitions and they go tt war
to Iuul ii-u-ki-u tor their comino-JHies
whereby et.ormous prollta accrue to
th*» cwneis o' gigantic comnwMiel tn-
stltutions. The development of trade
and commerce aeam* at first sight to
ba for tho general good, and It would
be provided that those who produced
eoald reap the full benefits of their
labor*, but such Is not the eaae, and
they reap the advantage who do none
of the sowing—I.e., tbe capitalist
•Mlncowner* become millionaires and
revel In lutury whilst the miner* wbo
produce the wealth wallow In misery;
tht* own#r» of tbe fi*fl*ry Industry
never risk their lives to catch tbe nab
but the fishermen who battle with the
watery •laments at best only gala a
pittance often toeing thoir lives in tke
effort to obtain tbe means of a livelihood for themMlrta and tbelr dependent a. Nevertheless tbe bosses
complain bittorly about tko loea of
trndo, obllvloue to tho fact that It it
tbey who are at faalt.    tn order to
1***t***ati   Ituit-K   wttma   *X**t*   «■*,..   •»•».■**<•»
(employee* wage* taenfftetont to mala-1
i+n* * **tx*tmt. .iMiniatu oi tmu*. toa
u*d«rpeid worker Is limited aa to bi*
comaming capacity: predaetlou goea
on apaea latoaeifted by tbe application
or e-etanUfic method*, but tht* I* of IH*
iln aval) seeing that the vurchaaeim Ao-
*.*•*,*,**., ***** ,* m-****m **t *>**> am***
ihe Immense majority el tbt popals-
tion -wbleb ta Ibe working cUsw-ls
dying of hanger? Tbla compels an
evteatfoa of markets; sttempts matt
be made to eel! abroad. be««aee It eannot be disposed of at home. Th* capitalist, to pr* vent eettaps*, aeedt addl-
ttatut tcrvlUvy iu audi, itt mU kto
waree: the tnmbto vttb thl* la that
w»*-MImi!1v ttt HvHIwM1 tmitm* firm In
tbe tnm* pmtttm*. them twmattw tl»e
aftrfvllteed aad imrtty etwtltoad eom-
tries, fiear of what stay tappa If
thay do not -comply, or totro tf tboy
object. Cotoaluttoa atkf as at* pro.
motoi not lawevisltam la rreatMl
Tbe world Hi email aad already *M*-
**L ■..*irttt.UUs*U>.   TIm* cttUMtUwU* uut-
**Pm.^an4mliAmm*     jmAAa^am    *m^,^o^m ■*-*.*— —■ ■■       fc ■ -m* -jmmm      ****WMUAa
tnottm eater ttmtmooeo, oettm mast
be ettbfect to awn«<! lnv«tntlon. Thl*
n«**»:utet aa array mi aaty. MUI-
intkm in tbt tooomtmoto.
Tbe upkeep ot au army and navy is
costly, which the people must pay.
The public protests and unrest follows. The directive classes become
uneasy at the possibility ot a revolution, hence the armed force serves a
two-fold purpose—to effect colonisation abroad and repress discontent
within. Naturally this means additional expense, and additional unrest
with untold miseries inflicted upon
the workors—a vicious circle.' "The
capitalist state," says 'Morris iHillquIt,
is built ovor tbe crater of a volcano.
The privileged classes are in constant
fear ot the social revolution and are
compelled to place tbelr reliance ln the
armed forces." Another thing, in
order that the armed force serve tbe
purpose of Its existence, it must be
capable of crushing the enemy, each
capitalist nation Is ever etralnln* to
surpass tbo other and keep Its soldiers
constantly In a state or preparation for
war, This perfection of the war ma-
chin* becomes an unconscious but constant urge to war.
"It has beon stated tbat colonies are
often a source or expense to a nation.
This Is true so Mr as tbe nation ts concerned, but to the capitalist class they
ara a source or reveuue, and as tliat
class controls tb* power (I.e., tha Army
and Navyl, colonies ara secured. Capital with Its two resultants—Imperial-
tam and Militarism—Is the prima and
essential cause of war.
"Thare are two others, but tbey are
decidedly secondary: racial prejudice
and false patriotism. Who doubts
that tbe loas of Altace and Lorraine
rankles In tbe French braaat? Who
doubt* that once war Is entered opon
each soldier wbo Is fighting willingly
loses Ms life to kelp hit tide como out
on top?
"Hat these are not •efficient' causes,
rather latent forces; old friends which
tho directive classes tako care to
nourish and awaken In order to aot as
a mirror and a shield to tbe end tbat
tha fighters may se* tbe reflexion or
the past, bnt unable to seo the real
motive of tho strife. This may all
seam theory, bet aa now glimpse the
practical historical demotistratloa.
"Por over 40 years—I.*., aiaea tke
tad of tbt Fra-Ma-Prttsataai war-tkert
baa hem a pheMMMMl dovelopwent
ot eapttafiMH wltk tta arcompanlmtaU
-Imperialism aad Militarism. Tbe
modern era of industry or a bate
twite date* frem um, The growth
af Cepttaltom, fsrorad ky railways,
macktiMW, telagrap-ka, aad -tk* steam
ocean leviathans, ia auatriy aatooadta*
immttmmt ttmmom ***o ***• oasaae**,
TxwM-Ti-rt frtmVlTiMlrmr. tnirK dr,
bar* attaliMil a-nd-f-aenNm of pttrpor.
tions. Ia mo, tk* annual export
ttot* nt tinginpt, Pnmto, -ttormoj,
Aoe-frta, Raeeta aad Betftom was sere*
billion doHera; la IMS R we* almost
tarmwir WTfn-n   noli***       W>*nw  *.%**
nemrtp mm this tremendoas tomato
"Tk* British Kaaplre today claims
ona-fowrtb of tk* total sarfae* of lb*
earth   A large portio* baa
Elt-ed m tb* last M yeara.  Wftrta,
st Afrtas, R kod sola, asi tk* Tra^a-
nnt     Pronto, aKftougb Ohm huexn to
ooiaala* 1a tk* tftk wet-taw. ta tb*
at m pe -wv-ww     #^o     matt**      thowm*   . *ra**WW"*»^*     WS*      WtWWw
pop forty yoara baa aewrtre* mora
territory tfcsa ta tk* two aad a balf
country with compulsory military service; today it ts In vogue in every lm-
portaat European country except Great
Britain, fn 1S71 the combined war
-budget of the six principal nations
fighting today was 400 milllan dollars.
In 1913 tt was 1,700 million dollars, or
an Increase for military expenditure of
more tban 400 per cent.
"And as militarism bas developed
the relative misfortune and organised
revolt of tho working classes has Increased. In 1871 tho Socialist movoment waa practically nil. The Social
Democratic party of Germany had but
two representatives; today ln the parliaments of tho contending nations
thore aro 350 Socialist representatives
of over seven million electors, and of
course this does not include tbo women wbo suffer tho evils Inherent in
the systom the same as tbe men, and
doubtless equally as desirous of seeing Its downfall.
"The antagonism of Labor to Capital
haa attained formidable proportion!.
TMs evergrowing opposition seriously
menaces the exlstenoe of tht directive
classes and the monarchies—In Germany more tban two-thirds of tba total
population ar* included in th* Social-
ist Party. Ha4 normal conditions continued R is safe to asssrt t fsw yean
banc* tb* government of tk* German
Empire would bav* been in tb* bands
of the Socialist*. This must be
avoided at all cost Th* cost could
be nothing less than war, and war It
bas been.
"tu Fraote, Kugland, Belgium and
Austria the Socialist party was a con-
stent menace to the gowning bodies,
in Russia tb* rsvoloUon of IMS was
something mor* than a simple menac*,
tb* embers of tkat revolution have not
yet disappeared, ln tho meantime the
capitalist* ers on tke oatkwk for new
markets,snd growing mor* Insistent tn
their demands aa Ua* tons on; today
then Is but Httl* frs* territory. Tb*
weight of armament baa b*eome In-
•npportable; the rorolt of the workln*
classes was an *v*r Imminent threat
Governments, unable to extricate them
•elree rrom tke fearful mtM, ever attentive to capitalism's bokest, bav*
preeipltatbd the wuntrtes Into tk*
tbroes of *at. Th* nation wbleb conquer* may tak* pomnnPon ot tbe lltttt-
ed coloalublo territory resaalnlng ft ee.
In the meantime tba Inner rambliass
are silenced by patriotic cries, and betides, soma good may come out of tbs
orll, tk* fearfWI blow* Inflicted tmm
all parti** may lacRa* tk*m to redac*
tbeir *rma«wnt*.
\   "Far years peat tbls -aaptoalon has
ia-*** aptixmbinp itnMmimibm. .into
wo not aaM tbls state of affairs «annot
Mnt for ***r wlthovt sNMtbtaf bap-
oootogt H ba* hnppMWi. Tb* occasion*! tomoi tt aiiine th* fault to
attributable to Germany. D*n«*th the
'n***mttnm&4' ****** ***m m i***t*m* ****
store. Ott ff today U bnd n*t b**t
»ss* asmtamr, tmamwrww n www asm
been tb* King el Rngttnd. Tb* rani
Unit, th* whole haR, re*t* with th*
(VtpttalM 8yst«n who** tmikeMw aw
rast*n*d tpon Um world. Tbt gnat
ertmlnal It CAirou^-a. Manias
Packet of
tu. Kin mowf rur s than
S8" womii or any
"YJermaay** first eeteataatlM be«aa
ttt t«S4 wttb Tetntand, Md ttom tb*n
****** ******* ky^ sennas* t. Iteoty.
wkleb ber astKtary wtabt Impeaad—
i*mlUw> *m*mi u» mmm* Ukiktk Vt** ximm*
IPVI Vi tmm WoWm m* *lf «1P*lif1Hit
"Imperialism ha* developed tn Kurope aid* by sM* with militaries*,
ftier «• 1170 PtotAo wm tb* *ady
Result of Referendum of Unions Is
Announesd at Counell Msstlngs.
Tbe results ot the referendum taken
by Ui* anions ot tbs Trades and Labor
Council to decide upon the candidates
for the provincial elsetion -were announced at the meeting ot tbe allied
organisation* last night. Wttb one
exception tbe slate as originally proposed by the council comprises tke
same personnel, Delegate H. O. Benson will bt on* ot tke Vancouver can-
dldatea, Delegate J. B. Wilton will
run in the Richmond riding instead
or in tke city as previously planned.
The eomptst* slate Is as follows:
Vancouver City—W. R, Trotter, i.
W, Wilkinson, 3, H, McVety, O. Hardy,
P. A. Hoover and H. 0. Benson,
Richmond—J. E. Wilton.
8ootb Vancouver-*!!. Neelsnds and
P. W Welsh.
The appointment of an electoral
commltt** to conduct an activ* campaign on behalf of tb* labor rspresen-
tatlves was proposed, Hiss Outteridge,
,secr*tery-tressurer of th* Trades nnd
Labor Council,, is acting ns campaign
Nominations for officers tor tb*
coming ytar wtr* made as follows:
President, i. H. McVety; rlcepresi-
dent, R. P. Pettipiece and J. .Sally;
general secretary, a. Bsrtley; seer*-
'ury»re*«nrer. Ml** Outteridge; stetls-
tldan, F. A. Hoover: sergnaautanns,
J. SiMly; trnstees, Delegites Trotter,
Crawford, Knowlea, VAm aad Welib;
auditing committee, nelegate* Pip**,
Oorey and Brooks. Tb* etecttmi of
ofOoer* and eonmltte* will tak*
place at the attttuat Butting te be baM
on July 11. Tb* *l*etornl «oamltte*
i **'tl'tm mjtimmviiai tt*. m>« mw urate,—-ttm
)P.tt*.meitenlrhtmlP l     ■}%
Tm tilth rsginwnt paraded around
teertiy onBnnday laat k*ad*d by tbt
ffW"#ff,(|Ditjii*ftiifl *oit,|r mnMI.,
ttAo fbodal bnrana argu*d that th*
«*ffa trom to "•tMeb* to teim tw ba
wmAMmEHorm ' wlWr wNw"-' vffMNWNiinl '■' '"'■(NWp'
weak mladtd IndhHasIt today bold
tb* tnm* vtewa, *. >
Roman "Nut"
jQTdrank pearls dissolved
H in vinegar. Today he
would drink beer, ahd be
admired for his common
Mutz .•.  Fernie
New Westminster, B.C.
Anwnt tbe nwny coropanfca ttof wftt
bn mom pit tb* Alberta oetHMmte*
^^yuiyy^^P   gj^^^^||^     *^^a^^^^   ^^^^^^   mm 'At^^
WoNWAWWm   wmwooAWp   wmmWEE  fWMIr   w  UPP
Mpp*mAm*IPPm Am ^tpjmpauaP iL*--■*■-—--   »!■-- -   »*MU|Ln
W^-mmTW mm PWi VffQffV UlfW V«IW^
wmmtiiw ta cut mmtt t*m§ tt tu
AU^wAa mtLtimi^tAm-   mt^m Vw m^^mil^^a^^^*^^
Mmmrtm MPmH; «fv  Www OffVPVrnli
mmm Ammmw C-TiWII fHt*» IJlml^, OT uMMWfWHnK*
and tb* Maeteoi CefUatbMk ltd* mm-
' UeMity.
tVtetructkm U the work of ttobratn-
ia, trr^mns ftysrenv m Eneanimv tmmtto
w* haw*anetwecb*t ami**, tmt wkea
sl**p. liihsliflk* MMtMdesa cetteeud,
wamm w iikiiv aatmm ^m* aamamm mv, wm
iitA .ommptPt gsts into tbt wood ttA
|h»wboi* sr»t<m rw^wwU to k* refrwb-
OfTfrs Bxccj^ma!) -tyv-MmWU. in FttfrntxiAnj
and AdfRocttf Acadcak Breaches
Bookhiepittf,   Stttnoffraphy.   Typpwritim^
CT mm, VIolM, Me*, ThAory,
Elocution. Art, and
Domistic Scuhca
!!•¥• A. SANFORD, 0.0,, ninotpal


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