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The District Ledger 1915-02-13

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* \ A • I
Indastrial Unity Ia Strength
The OffwaalOrgwg of District No. 18, U. M. W. oi A.
[ --., .iM. *■?*.*
'    -|aEKT'. I
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 26, Vol. VUX
Mine Blast Taps
Flood-Fatal to 20
.   (8peeial to the District Ledger)
NANAIMO, B. C, Feb. 10.—Twenty
miner*, twetae of whom were member* of our union( were drowned In
the mine* of the Pacific Coast Coal
Co, South Wellington, yesterday, by
flooding of the mine* with water from
thei Old -Southfield Mine, which wa*
abandoned many year* ago. The water wa* released by a shot fired by Fire
Bos* David Nsllis. All of the men
on on* shift, numbering nearly two
nundrcd, were In the mine and escaped, with ths exception of the above
number who were trapped in a section
of the mine,by ths inrush of watsr.
Watson and Anderson, two of these,
had reached a plac* of safety, but'returned to rescue their partner* and
lost their Uvea. Manager Fery, who
accompanied Watson, lost hi* lifs in
the same way.
first shift and along with William Anderson had reached a place of safety,
but iwent back to rescue their -partners
and lost their lives. Mine Inspector
John Newton took charge of the situation and immeriately ordered big
pumps installed to pumip out the water
to recover the bodies of the victims,
which it is expected will take at least
two montOis, owing to the swampy nature of the ground and the extensive
nature of the workings of the Old
Southfield mine.
No -bodies have been recovered, but
ail of the 21 men are given up for
dead. They were: It. .Miller, W. Gibson, Otto -Lingerni, G. H. Martoff, William Anderson, Louis Alelx, -II. Strong,
Jack Hunter, Frank Hunter, Sam War-
dill, .Tcihn Stewart. Thomas Watson,
U. Romone, William Irving, V. Simm,
A. Zennle, F. Marve, A. Bewlick, J.
List ef dead:   Joseph Fery (mana-iCojvder, Joseph Foy and <€. Munllck.
ger), Oavid Nsllis, Robert -Miller, Wm.
Gilaon, Wm. Anderson, Otto Llngren,
John Hunter, Frank Hunter, Samuel
Wardls, John Stewart, Thos. Watson,
Wm. Irving, J. Fearson, Peter Fssrson,
Q. H. Marves, F. Msrvtla, J. Bullish,
John Cowder, J. Pronia, V. Finn.
Shot Pierce* Wall of Old Working,
Bringing Ruah of Water*—Three
Rescuers Perish,
MANlAtMO, OB. C, Fob. 9.—twenty-
one lire* were snuffed out at 11.30 this
morning at the South .Wellington' mine
of the Pacific CoaBt oCal mines, Ltd.,
wfhsn Fire -Boss David .NUlerst fired a
shot which broke through into the old
workings of the -Southfield mine of t' p
old Vancouver Coal -Company, a rniufe
abandoned 20 years ago. The old
workings were filled with water and
When the shot 'broke through the in-
rUShhtg waters drowned all the men
in tbe section of the mine affected
PEORIA, III., Feb. 9.—An explosion
occurred in the mine of the Collier
Coal Company at South Bartonville
late tonight. One -man Is known to be
dead and anotlher Ib dying. Rescue
parties were formed and went to iwork
Immediately. The coroner and doctors were summoned from Peoria.
pastime, in which case the message
will "not tell," because" of the first
unhappy fact, that the Socialist "loses
out" by too much reasoning.
After which I think 'we need pursue
tie subject nq further, save to remark,
that if a man attempted to live by
breswl alone, plus "every word that
proeeedeth out of the mouth of God,"
he would be as well off as Mr. Ritchie
—alone in the desert, minus everything but said -word of God.'
llie Socialist is .ratier disdainful of
'bread alone, even if -it is -spread with
celestial conversation. A "Champagne and turtle soup" standard! is
what we are after.
To Th8 Comrades of The
Crow's Nest Pass
" ^with the exception of W. 'Murddck, who
after il hard struggle succeded ln
reaching safety.
Manager Among Dead
Among tihe victims are Joseph Foy,
, ^^^iianager of the mine, and David J-Jll-
I-**   lent, fW4oW   Poy was onthe surface, but upon hearing of tbe old workings being tapped went below ground
with tbe kwmtion of getting all the
men to the surface.   He opened a trap
door of the old stope and -was Immediately met "by a flood of water -which
hurled him against tbo timber*.
Thomas Watson was working   bis
Under Uhis heading -we read (ln the
Plnche Creek Echo of Feb. 5th) of a
young man wbo walked from Passburg
to Pincher Creek, a matter ot some 20
miles on Sunday night, Jan. 31st, to
offer his services to his King and
Country next morning. If tbe statement be true that the lad's-patriotlsm
wes sufficiently strong towards the old
empire as.tftjgause hfnt'to walk all tbe
Bun^aynlgb^'Uieppt wai tooHiad~tJiar
there was not sufficient patriotism
amongst the population of Passhurg to
raise sufficient to pay his travelling
expenses, or enough of tbe same en-
thuslttsmjfc <„&g„k..]?nl\ .officials^,
carry bim to Pincher. Wo fear, however, that tbe lad's poverty wnn greater titan 'his patriotism, and that hunger
was the greet Incentive tbat caused
him to trudge tt on foot in hopes of getting a square meal when he got to
Pincher Creek. Patriotism of this
description is rampant Just now unfortunately.
Cost of Victoria Normal School; Payments to Colonist; Canadian
Northern Figures
Several questions were answered ttv
lhe legislature yesterday (Monday)
iMr. Place asked the minister of finance tbe -following question:
"Wbat is the total sum of money
paid to the Colonist Printing and Publishing company during the period covered by -the fiscal year 1913-14, for ail
services T"
Hon. Price Ellison replied as follows:   "$31,956.95."
Mr. Williams asked the minister of
education the following questions:
"1. What was the amount paid for
the site of the Victoria Normal School?
"2. -Was the site purchased from
tihe owner, or through an agent or
"3, If from the latter, who were the
"4. What is the area of the land purchased?
"5. What, amount has been expended
to date on construction of this Nor.
mai School building, and what amount
Is estimated, will be required to complete the building?,"
Hon. Dr. Young replied as follows:
The times. are Indeed bewildering.
Changes ocoiir- with such remarkable
rapidity that wn cannot say. wihat we
shall be called, upon to do from one
day's end to. an&her. .The situation
ixiij'Europe, -with-its tragic failures and
wrecked hopes; bids us stand more
rigidly on guard than over. The
proud Social Democracy of Germany,
the movement in France and England
seems to .hay*^. fallen piteously to
pieces. Only Karl Llebnecht, Clara
Zetkin and Rosa Luxembourg amongst
tbe more ptomtaont, bare made a determined stand qgalnst the deceit and
trickery of tho, ruling classes. Even
the once reliable. Kautsky wallows m
apologetics in- anjendeavor to save the
faces of thoM wbo bave deserted our
movement, if Indeed they were ever
one with us. . .!£he executive of the
U. -Si party are busy trying to square
the circle, moving heaven and earth
to somehow give, sup-port to the masters of that country. Under the .guise
of revolutionaryl»eace.proposals, they
are pandering to the basest forms or
master class ddcane.  .
These parties, have deserted the revolutionary standiwlnt, they have forgotten the class war in an effort to win
power, such .power to assist the rulers
to continue the sickening game.of robbery. Howeyer, there are many
comrades in these.countries wfho will,
no doubt see" to it that the Socialist
movement shall emerge from- the fiery
ordeal it is at present passing through,
-purified and strengthened; more powerful than before. What are we inj
this country doing?
Dave Rees, who returned home yesterday, informs us that the U. M. W.
A. Journal very aptly characterizes '.he
work of the last International Board
meeting when it states that matters of
"Supreme Importance" were -broJKht
up for discussion before the Board.
Many of tbe points caused lengthy-
discussions, wherein the laws had to
'ig seriously considered.
Summing the whole matter up, Rees
feels tihis was iby far the most interesting meeting he has ever attended.
Efforts to Settle Abandoned and
Open Shop Loom* Up
CLEVELAND, Ohio, Feb. 9.—Coal
operators and representatives of 15,000
striking miners in the. eastern Ohio
field broke off here tonight negotiations for'a settlement which has been
in .progress since January 28. Both
sides, together witli Daniel J. Keefe
and llywell Davies, representing tho
department of labor, conceded that nothing is to be done for the present.
The last move was a proposal from
ihe operators for. a mediation board
in which the seventh memlber should
be appointed by tbe president of the
United States,
Operators will meet tomorrow to
discuss opening of mines on an open
sihop basis. -The mines have been shut
dawn since Aiprll.
Tbe figures given below are taken
from the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines.
Under-  Above
ground ground
The Socialist j Japanese—
Yorkshire Miners
Settle Dispute
Operators Grant Demands of Men for
Increase In Wages.
LONDON, Feb. 9.—There will be no
strike of the Yorkshire coal miners,
as had heen feared. At a conference
attended by the mine workers and representatives of the men today, the
owners conceded the men's demands
for an advance in wagos until Uie end
of the war.
The dispute between the mine awn.
ers and their employes involved 50,000
men, and arose over the Interpretation
of a minimum wage award. Resolutions favoring a strike were passed
last mouth by (be West Yorkshire -Miners' Association.
OTTAWA, Feb. 5.—Members of tho
Canadian expeditionary force at the
front may be allowed to vote In elections held in Canada if any during
the /.me of tlieir service. New Zealand has a law which permits members of its expeditionary forces on service at tbe front to vote in the elections being held at home. A copy of
it bas been received in Ottawa and
similar legislation may be introduced
here this session. The New Zealand
soldiers given bailors while on service
voted according to the constituencies
from which they came on the jams
day as the election at home.
"1. 45,600.
"2. Through agents.
"3. Green & Burdlck Bros., Ltd.
"5. $532,382.61.     It will :ake,,say,
Party of Canada has carried on • for, i   -Miners    71
years a propaganda of revolutionary'    Helpers '.  46
education and this has been well re-I    laborers  8
iiald, as was expected, for there has j Chinese:
Miners     118
been very little weakening and tbe
party members still fearlessly proclaim the. opposition of interests
which must exist as long as there be i
Helpers    93
Laborers        73      418
tA-lt of those working underground
A. Sudden's Reply
to J. M. Ritchie
ihnnr Sir,—I wa* rather Interested
lu Mr. J.<M. Kl utile'* criticism of H.
•M. HaTthotomew** excellent and eon-
vim -artfole on "aVJup," and must con-
fess myself unable to grasp Just exactly fbat Mr, -Ritchie is driving at.
He adult* that "A Tmie Social!** U
eawoUally a •dentist," and that "a
thorough knowledge and imdenrtand-
ing of wbat tba -word 'value* means 1*
n«e**ery to any logical and complete
analysts of modern Capltaltam." After
which bo proceeds to disclaim against
any attempt at presentation of the
facta to Um worker.
Ha complain* "tbat the object aimed
at i* often lost oicht oU condli'.oii*
along the root* often take tba attan-
Hon betmmn tbo delivery and the ob-
ject that la to rtealva tba memnne."
May point out that, If tba object u
be almad at it tba precaution nf
troth. II. <M. Bartholomew eannot cer
ninly to ebaiipd witb toting sight of
It, and tatttor, tt tba object to receive
tb* message ta tba Worker, be tf qutts
as <*po-M* of grasping tba asttnttali
of Barthotoiaow'i latter at be H tbooo
peculiar and obscure quotaKoo* turn
aM-g*d wloa a»*. snd not half « llks-
lr to he fcrfogged thereby. -Agate,
one nood Mt beoome dtaeurslva In
polaUog oot tbat any message tbat Is
net eart of tta oarnMiadtog*, bt oo
mmmm •* «H. and eoald never gal
applicable to economic acieuce only,
ond any particular const.wtlon wblch
Mr, RH-chle care* to put on the word
"value" doe* not alter one way or the
other, Hie fact that; Rxcltange Value
means Khe amount of a common sub-
■Unco-labor time contained iu auy
given commodli/. The mota-phylscal
mind, still looking for "the thing In
Itself" finds In tbe simple and straightforward statement of a self-evident
fact; aomathtag missing.
The fact tbat many farmer* would
not agree to a acleniffic definition of
value, prove* only tbelr lamentable
ignorance, which Ignorance Mr. Hitch*
is would dispel by agreeing with their
nibconeeptlona or peddling such aonis
at "Jf an cannot lira by broad alone."
sines he memo to dl*f»tr of roason,
boosuae it does not get home. If
famem understood value tbey woald
know tbat tba oondtlCon* In the North
West art not tbt only factor to ba
eonsldered and tbat It Is tba average
amount of laboMlms roqnlred to pro*
dace tii* World** crop, tbst Is txo do-[struttion
$8,4,000, tj^cgmplete^ipayment-f." Wiis
$64,i>0G is required* to pay 'hoM bank
(S.")0,0U0) on contract, and the bilnnco
18 for f'ttlngs, etc."
Mr. Williams asked the hon. the
minister of railways the following
"L What amount over and above the
provincial government guarantees will
be required to complete the Pacific
Great Eastern railway between Van.
couvcr and Prince George?
"2. Wbat is the total amount of provincial guarantee on the Canadian
Northern Pacific Railway between Victoria and Alberni?"
"3. What portion, If any, of this
amount has been released to the company to date?
"4. Whnt is the total amount of provincial guarantee on the Canadian
Northern Pacific Railway between Vic-
toria City and Patricia Ray?
"5. What portion, if any, of this
amount has been released?"
Hon. Thos. Taylor replied as follows;
"1. Approximately 110,000,000.
"2. One hundred and fifty mile* at
1.15,000 per mile, $8,250,00,
"8, $2^10,537.91.
"4. Rlgliteen miles at tnt,,*W per
mile, $830,000.
"6. $fi8»,000."
Hon. Mr. Ito wear will on Monday Introduce a bill intitlod "An Aet to
Amend tht 'Moving Picture Aet.'"
Mr. Hayward wilt on Monday move:
'Tbat an order of the bouat ba granted for a return of all letter*, correspondence, and otbsr papers In any
•wny dealing witb th* eircumirianco*
surrounding tha death of C. It Nntt.
In June, 1914, while eagagod on -son-
work   on   the   dtnadlnn
The parly Is carrying a great respon- j |!erles (Dunsmuir) Ltd., of which Sir
slbillty;. It ls retaining in its hands i wuiiam Madkenale, tbje- railroad mag-
tile gospel of emancipation   unsullied nate Is president.
by passions of the passing moment.    ;         -u	
The work.of forw^-ilng the.inter. SOCIALIST PARTY OF CANADA
est of our'class is, of course, colossal,
and could not be. carried out wltlhout
huge effort on the pnrt of those who
are body and brain in the work. The
nature of the task makes some of us
wonder If it will ever be accomplished, j
and   languishing hope   may
Continuation of the Series of Representative Acts of Australia—Readers Should Compare Bowser's
New Aet With These
(In view of the promlence whleb will
masters and slaves on this old earth. !nri> in ih*> ominiiw nf thn^^ttnaAian n^4h^gtsa»^-t^ ^e-si^t.^t-a^wafkBieB'a
compensation in British Columbia, during the next year, by reason of the
new act .promised hy AttomevGenerfl
qowsev: The Federationlst is ipubU^b-
lnk"sii»nttiartek ofcompensatlon acts of
various states and countries which are
supposed to have had considerable experience of legislation of this kind.
The various acts of Australia and Tasmania will be summarized first, and
appear weekly.     Following Is a summary of tlie Workmen's Compensation
act of the state of Victoria.)
The Victoria Aet
The Workman's Compensation act,
1914, In the definition of employer, in-
gciudes "Jiny body of persons corporate
or incorporate."
Nature of work to which the act applies.—Manual, clerical or otherwise.
Workers expressly excluded.—Those
other than manual receiving- more
than £2f>0 per year, casual workers
not connected with employers' 'business, outworkers, police.
Employers not liable to pay compensation for.—Injury less than one -week.
In Uie eve-nt of insolvency maximum
of compensation admitted as first,
charge on assets per Individual—£200.
Comipensation in case of death
(•where dependents are left).—Three
years' wages or £200, whichever is
larger. .Maximum, £500. Where no
dependents — maximum' amount for
medical attendance and funeral expenses.—£50.
Compensation in -case of incapacity
-—Weekly payment—half average
weekly earnings. Maximum, 30s.
Maximum total liability, £500.
Compensation to workers over GO
yeara of age who have not entered into
an agreement.—On death (where tbere
are dependents), minimum**£50. Incapacity—weekly minimum .payment
5s. after first week. Total liability—
not less tban £50.
Compensation for infirm- workers
who have entered Into an agreement.
—Pn death (minimum -payment), £50.
Incapacity—minimum weekly payment
5s. after first week. Total liability—
not less tban £50.
Compensation for workers under 21
years of age earning less than 20s. per
week.—Weekly payment — average
earnings weekly; maximum 10s.
Period after which lump som can be
substituted for weekly payment.—Six
Tribunal, if claim not settled- -by
agreement.—County court judge, or. po-
Regulation for Injured worKbr'leaving the state.—If permanent incapacity
likely, quarterly* substituted for weekly
pajfments.-^B.C. Federationlst.
temptation lo Indulge
to accomplish the end.
Oscar Erlckson wil! be tiie speaker
nt tho Socialist Hall, Sunday next at
8 p.m.    -Suibject: "How we are gouged."
Don't overlook tihe Hard Time Dance
lead to' on Wednesday, February 24th.
In any means;
We have seen : FIRST AID AND
what this has led to-In Kurope; are' AMBULANCE WORK
we to repeat the errors of those par-1 	
ties whom we have already mentioned?- Dudley Michel, formerly In the em-
Uy no means. If we are to have!ploy of tho C. N. Pass Coal Co., at
folstered upon  the  workers  of this' Coal Creole, nnd now government In-
termtnant la valve. Fnrtbenwwre. Ur.
nitchle'e iwealtar m*thod of thinking
mmm to ls*d htm Into a continual fog,
for in analysing tbs tnrmnfe position
bt would bav* as taavo <mt "tba eon*
dittos* before and after ibo war;"
c-wtalnly why not lonvs o»t tbe farm-
er Mmwtf and bit last year** eropt
homo booaMS. poor thin*. It woold *t Aftor wWeb bt attmt to antra at tba
.9* *mt**m* i tm*m**ttm*i*. il*s-«**»»M>*«if» #♦-»>♦ «•»-» «■* »<*
Kerm *■*«#: t*t wa yin**** lo tba I war**"* mt t*a i**rt of lb* tntmm, tn*
Kortbom Railway grade near Cow-
According to tbe Cleveland (Ohio)
Cttlson, Cbartt* O'Brien, fornwrty
msmbor of tba Alberts Lenfotatar* and
w-*tt4rnown tbrwffcowt tht Pww, It on
a !«fnn» toor In the eastern psrt of
tbo US.
couiury those smooth sophistries call
ed Itoform or Progressive Parties. Let
those who are Socialists stand forth
from under. Let t-hose vendors of
dead son fruit, U'bor Politicians severely alone, save to hand them tbe
medicine they so urgently need. Let
us bo Fish, flesh, fowl or good rod
herring. Let thore bo no attempt to
mix that which will not. und cannot
bo mixed.
The example of tiuiope Is before you,
fellow workers; choose aad lot tu hear
tto*ni you In no uncertain voice, are
you UovlalUts or do you sliil stand
for tlio Capitalist system and all it
oiii.ills? If you nre iiio former your
active cooperation i» requested to aid
In pushing tbe propaganda ta tht Paaa.
If tbo latter, you had better continue
your studies and be sore to attend tbt
meetings, titers is no excuse tor the
worker wbo ls not wise to the game
today, tbe master* havu shown tbelr
band to openly.
While I appreciate tba afforts tbst
comrade* bave put forth to rustle
mooting* and gather a crowd, yet I
would urge the building op of Locals
which are dormant and the organisation of new ones. Tho Local Is the
unit of Party activity, and active nulling thecal* tiwiui a strong organisation.
I'srtkutariy would i x-nA your stten-l
tion to tht Wttttm Citrton, whleb!
needs your xrpport now, if It ever did,
I conteinpltiH- Ih'Iiik in the !•*«■ for
sent* time and should be glad to l*c-
(iin- upon th<* various phrase* or onr
movement. This informstton bat tott
ths tdui.-i-u.lUit inovaiuant numy yaars
of afttdy and research.     fFbe party
On Wednesday Chief Inspector Graham, accompanied by T. Williams and
George O'Brien, District Mines Inspectors made an examination of B North,
at Coal Creek. The work of clearing
away the debris caused by tha recent
explosion and restoring the ventilation
is being proceeded with diligently.
Tho Department of Mines has not yet
fixed a date for the inquiry to take
Htructor ln first aid, ambulance work,
etc., was In town this week and states
that ho haa had exceptional success
in establishing study classes tn thc
larger metallferous cam-ps, although
some of thom have been somewhat adversely affected consequent upon the
closing down owing to the present depressed conditions and will, in some
instances, noi-d a little reorganisation.
He Informs u* that classes will be
formed In the various coal camps along
the Crow'* .Vest Pa** In B.C, at an
early dato, when It Is earnestly to be
hoped tliat the spirit of rivalry may
lw engendered tbat characterised this
das* of work a few year* ago.   We
trust that not only those engaged In
mining, but the workera lh other Industries, wilt tako advantage of thej
mpfin* afforded for obtain Ing tnvalu-'
able knowledge In administering first |
aid  assistance to  thone  unfortunate
enough to require It   We believe with
tho co-operation of tbe official* of tbe
Coal Companlei. which we can confidently state  will be mont readily
given, and an enthusiastic spirit shown
by those most affected, these eloosss
should bt of Incalculable benefit to
this community.
Increase In The
Cost of Living
Taking tis a basis upon which to
figure for the price of commodities
trom I two to 1800 a* $1.00 we find, ac
cording to the table published in the
tabor Gazette for January, that in
December, 1914, oiwi would have to
pay as follow* for th» same articles—
drains and fodder: $l.H'i.4; animals!
and meat*, $1.74.5. ,
Fish: 1.57.5.
Dairy products: $1.83.3.
Fruit* and Vegetables: $U3.«.
Other Food*: $1.83.9. j
Textile*- WW I- '
Hld»* and Leather: $1.77.3. !
Metal*: $1.13.7.
Implements: $1,085.
quel and Ughting: ll.W.
Rul ding material--Lumber: $1.*«.*:'
Paint*, Oil and (Ha**: $1.43.2; Ml*f*l|
Isneous: $1,06.2, *
Ho..* Furnishing*: $l.30.«.
Drugs and Chemical*: $U7..Y
Liquor* and Tobacco: $1,36,9.
■-■ - .—-lir -■■-- »   According to the abov* tsble. taking
CORRItPONDINTt MUST ■*■■- <h<» oomniodlU** awn-Uoited and nr-
OlVt THIIft NAMtiitHlntt si ait average it it *ho*n that
A. ll. C. of political scouomy and now
those who have wondered how it Is
they are worse off than they unod to bo
regardless or the Increased pay, ought
to be alii* to m** that it Is the pun-baaing value of the dollar chat counts and
not the fact of Ha containing 100 -cents.'
Tin- marriage of A. M. Owen, manager of the imperial Rank of Canada.
Pernie, lo Ml** M. Plttn, was solemnized at Athalmer, on Wednesday last.
The happy couple left to upend th««
iuv---ym'inn -,i» PirMnn-!, .in-! u'-»rm Miii-'
return will take up their residence-* in
fhl* city.
Important Decision R*nd*r*d by Judge
Panneton, of Quebec
Aii)<mh» who ha* *t«*n onr flit-o-wn
i>iiR«sed in thHr luxardou* occupation
of fin? liglitlmi of olMi«rv«id ibe «*ff»'t
th* w«rls «f tin- Montreal polfct* wilt.
undoubtedly ti«- ►aw-l-wl to lento thut
it-t-ltlHT fir-Miaht** nor policeman siv
what cotld be howght for $l,0» In tWft'-considered a* "workem" wlfiln  th*-
W* ma*t again -call tba attention of
nor eorreopondesta tbst andsr no ttr-
mmntnneen do we publish letters no*
l***» lhe writer ftirnt«hes o* with M*
name. This I* not for puWiiaikm
nernsMrlly, but n* an evldenc**- of good
tx v «i,vj t Mfiti'fl.^r \ *ffii
gist nf tbe -mattor. f eonfatt to •
c*riala Impatknea In tho comhwol
WotatM of aaelaat acribblar*. who
wbaftrtr tfettr otbar vtrtstt  may
■Mr,, mmm -wratr* emftntelr wW name*
»l»tSL "Mbor a oot avsrytMng tod
oinsot ba • limift of vsla^rt Co»
nin Dartbolomw, would ba tb* but
to dsay tht tortmr nttttmmn hot
wmM wttsttrty tito wtenoiteo to tto
laitsr. totof to tot arsrytWag, Itt
lia vary atrafrta mason that, etory
thtii to Md totor, tot tto toWMtv tf
fotoa to iatoftlWi to omuUAy Um
obtt tottotl «M mtmot utttoi ly
eboae of Mf tdvhmrt, and thom wbo met nnd * Ttsnwell returned on Sal
gttto kto Itobltmtnto" wbo if* Ito
tawt of toltors.'' Wo tmm admitted
tto Ignorane* of tbo fanwar, tot by
t*n ie**-**-*-* Html et "Ws *#TH*»r* noli
tbmo wbo maka Itt toptomwato" At
tto wrtuof ttoir title* and kindly as-
•IstobM to tto nurar of turn nteb-
laary mmm to bo anything tot a foliar**—•© far «t ttoy are eoncowtd.
Hart w* art a*alas "tto rtatoalng
urd*y ataalag from tto Albohnsr Boa-
splat wbatw ttoy wtrt awarded aaeoad
prlta tn ona of tba eompstltloas.
faith.     "Comrade, Coleman,*' plaaaa
(•^atp* it* organiser* to go oat aad •*■•( »«** notice!.
W-4W4 iiu* yiieMtomn **■**.*• v«i-*uiMiie*A " ™*   ,""" "~  _      t
itt tha «ocl*l:sl via* point, and a* a
-nil* ior th«- t-sp-fBditimt ot $i..i;j in
Twenty year* ago there was a -r-o-ndi-
t!on of affair* provalllng in the west
inomewiMt itlmllar to wiml i* h-*|>i»"
hi« i.oilay  *li»!i  th**   ■**«»!• p«(il  (ne
relief work according to » <Uj>,«n*
j (rum    'tinn  .N«n»*Ads*niaer    m«u*t
Raorgs O'ltrtss, instroctor, forato
Mtoo Roane tutbm, tot toon appelated Iaa*pactor et Mlsaa to (Ml tha
tnmoop eraatad by tto da«ila* of
Bran Brans eonttqmwt opon tbo ts«
ftottoM ta "IT North Mla«,Ooal Crash,
jtmtty orgnnittr tbnt in wbnt I aw htr*
for, Remember Knrope! IM ot go
forward with thu rcul mestsge.
flat MM, Pernie, DC.
Uur.r  t   tl**.,,,)    tttat.jLtoi     **),*.*»
In lotion memory of Art-bar Cart-.    "At * s^mmM m-retina of the itosra.* .^tttr i;.iiih*i -.nu-uy.
IMfto*, aetiof Mr*. K*t* t**tmim. **»'«» W-wk* y*ml*Hmy 'b* tpiiettliem <»'•''**■*?*   »''.-   P.^   *R:,r'**»
scopti of it**' Workman* t'-owvensatloii
Kr*        Tot*   In   tin*   tiei-talm   ti*«rf*'-'
do*n i*y th*- Hoi-  hulne Pttmeton. ",n
l»m Hr>,"»-rit*r I'-i-i.', lIi Mn- *n**>' *»(' *•>,
m mt   *»,  H»»*   to-Aii  nt   M»l«*«trtn*wi*f.
Mr   Ui-flii tin   *;»«  ..Hi   i-ri-Hi''--) *   '>*   ti'i"
inmn in itwstioii fiftf»tf the «J»i»l iwai-
i-iuu «i pwii'*-«i«» ntm tttatnun. 'tthiltt
i»   »*i«:   i„an,,.,ttm:   Dt   S.-t  ii*.**,**,   ,M   I*-**
.»• a*. (4itw«:i
-rt-flhing    ''i'i-
To« wm tbttm m U I point ooi.
that, to goiltog with ttiiimlii «w»
RM   VlfsHnWRIVi
of tbt toetottst i* to much Isbor woot- j Janoary Sad last  Mr. Cbsrlos O'Orisa
od watil tto 'www faoilt*' tto*"* wfHawaeatoastottrtieteratttofimito
ttumt It aai soma to raasoa as tb. \ nmmm -Kattaa.
•Mtsllsl mmml" WW ttora era. ——
"BHiHar goo* tf pumt «t mme'l WUHsaa WWto, worn bt •**■*•, woll
Wo tm <tm UM that tto ieeiatto known to utotog eirelaa Ihwwgt tto
"rwaoM too mw*," ttoa Itot Hit Ptoo, tot mors *aaaHaMy at itoyto ton.
to ftwi aatfl tto eototMNi tmmf tog tto haleoyn daya of Itot
waa a Pwtnto flaltor thtt Wftfc,
U.4M. S. Moehaf ttotod Crsmbronk
this waak In connection with mstlsr*
toUtory. Tba Cetoool report* thst
tba $3,000.00 r^eivod by bias from ths
Paywuter nf Wtttarr mmm Ho, 11
juk I* en>i»i— ■ a ^jt' emmmi ittom dlkdb bm*^mnmtmtmim tmt
OH •IjCWIwI v* P*T WW UN; fpfmnvtm 4n
tto tost Kootswar Pint Ovstsms CM-
ttaptot »b«* totog wabjltoai to this
vldatty, tot til beta «*tt«matf ito
thit too toteaeo do* to tbla caaaeettoa
It -Mtotetoi shortly tod win then be
pwmptty *iiarPn«*n».
died Peb Mb, l»lf.
Three year* havp pa*n-d since last we
flat la tbooght w* moot oonatoaUf—
Waiting, longing, to moot again In that
Wtoro porting wtll be no more.      ,
Pram Mather, tho gang.
KNOX MOTHirt MttTIMO       cstotoi
Tto tobtbtm' smiJsg «ui U> hM
Wedsootoy. ito. 171b, at tstb.
A toto aa Tto toytog af awa-toT
ato dtoMMtrsttoa* ooi "Potioi Matt
aad Raked Heaas" mm io gtwa try
mmm   mM a%e^m %m M%mm  -^M t/tbum ^^^m^mmu^miimWt^mm
Wtmrn Vt  "IPIp WtoafPw Hi   mme* f^toHfr^fWallW,
A0 abettor* ara cerdlUly lavltad.
relief work was dlwusw-1 ami ft wnn\tnmntt with *wb torn* m to inftiit
dertdwl tbat tb* foreman be paid $;*■-" v<r-, km-u-ti- lujurti liid»tui»ity mt*
twi *t*r <t*a oHHiaiNt •*•*» ♦•*.♦*. »*** .twammx mtOmi x***< *>**immtn* • ■*'mmtmm-
slatto moa $l.tl Msn wishing »o wrt ««-:Nmi Act. Tbe Judge derided, in the
work oo tho gangs mo«» apply to thejcate rlt-d that the rem of Mr, Oer
Aldshmaa for tto ward in wbleb tb*y main «IW sot tome wlthla tb#» »»e«n
| reside for sn order to tbe foreman of j ing of tlm A« t, brrjiose tbe toe* of
Ho own i* tn be otlowed | bis protecttsg the property of toe rttl
ito wortr mwr*» rhfin tbr** tt.tra in w-'icm nwntnat *h* nrxr** ff tlr* An**
-a.    Man «nniJoye-d i*iH be psld j mm ron*tit4»« sn set of labor; ttot the
l t in fi  m *,?■*  r,■*,-,* */>» *\, 9*\-'t'*,*-* **"!-.Ji :
hi order io afford th* nmm sLwdsrd j *<4 by tint** nlm tmttewt tnm tb*
ef living ttot be waa enjoying Sa IM* 1 damage* rsawd b<r fttv, boor* '.b*
aa a H a day wage, a ama today ra* i slslstiff tootd nm t«k*> sd**at*«v- of
-gatrva $1.12%. m ttot tf ****• be**,* law *|»rtlif«itF totowdsdl to ptmen
bum user****! wwaiesWy ttojr bnt*\tpmbtitm.Yb*nt^ltmtmtmriir^
r*ottr timer***** *mfnr tt* tb* {wrrH-if-*-**•»»»* -Tt*» co«*« fwpo*'*'f tjHitt itt* ,;'*:i'>
tag vatao I* aHoetsd.     Thl* 4* th#|f tf   Ln Vwrne, Moetrtai,     >
i tem
Socialism & War |
i% " ' i
By Morris Hillquit
Socialist  War  Tactics
In principle Socialism is opposed to
all wars -betweii nations -and within
the nations. Its aim is -to remove
tlie grounds for economic antagonism
between individual and individual,
elass and class, nation and nation, by
serializing the indusries of the world
uiul abolishing the competitive struggles for livelihood or wealth. The Socialist ideal is a civilization,o lasting] ion army,
national an.1 international ipeace, guaranteed by a genuine commun-ity of in-
teivs'.-s of fill-human 'beings.
liut t-jis lofty .ideal does not blind
tho Socialists to the Implacable realit-
iiv-i of present day conditions. -They
know ilia: the prevailing social and
economic '"order" is based on the rule
of the ch.v and the fang, and that it
musi necessarily remain ao as loiy;
as i-apitnlL-ni aiaintaiiis its supremacy
The- Socialist in Our Civil War
Xor are the Socialist sympatliies
for wars of liberation limited entirely
to international contlirts. In every
civil war waged by an oppressed class
of the population against tlieir compatriot-oppressors or carried on for the
cause of liberty or progress, the Socialists range themselves on the side
of the oppressed and of progress.
Thus in our own Civil War the sympathies of the young Socialist move-
nient were emphatically with the Un-
Th'e ranks of ilie Socialist
abandoned. The modern Socialist doctrine is that t-he people of each country must conquer their own .po-lli.cai
and economic emancipation, and that
while the workers of all countries can
and should help ope another in their
respective struggles, no nation can depend for its salvation entirely upon
another nation.
The Common Sense of Patriotism
, Another class of -wars which escape
the general Socialist condemnation o.ve
those conducted for the national defense. A. small group of extremists,
whose most consistent and authorita-
organizations iu the I'nited States at
that time composed largely of German ] live spokesman, was until recently the
iniiiiigrants, were almost entirely da-j famous-French ■''anti-patriotic" Social-
pluted on account of the numerous en-list Gustave Herve, vehemently oppes-
listnients of their members, and many led this exception, "The workingmen
U-aiMng Socialist] or that day, such; have no fatherland," tliey argued.
as Augiiht Will-lrli, ltobert Itosa, and j "livery modern country is owned o.v
Joseph Weydem-eyor, gained high dis-'the capitalist class physically, mora liy
-.int'tjoii :n the rnicn army |and politically. The worker has neliili-
ln Lom'.fiu the newly organized In-' cr property nor rights'In it and is not
Irnnitioiuil Worklngineu's Association j interested   in  its  preservation.      Ail
in rho world. The waribneedlng cap-
ItalibM, iii-cuhus-cannot bc Vanished hy
prayer or incantation, it can only be
overcome by srniggle. The Socialists
acccyr. tlie struggle. Tliej arc prepare I to fight for peace.
Socialist, do uot luake ami do not
wiil: tlie srru^gies of the classc-s. But
r.w-y cannot-help recognizing the exist-
en:e of a latent and chronic civil war
ciit'.Misiasilcally endorsed, the cause of wars.^ whether of invasion or 'defense'
rhe,North iu an address to Presiueni-are caused by the ruling classes and
l.iiii-oln, drafted uy Karl Marx. "From j conducted-for their sole advantage—
the beginning oi' tie titanic American i the workers play only the part of food
strife the workingmen of Europe have; for cannon."   It is interesting to notj
An eminent scientist
has given his opinion
that the most wonder-
ful discovery of recent
years is Zam-Buk. As
soon as a thin layer of
Zam-Buk is applied to
n wound or sore, such
injury is insured
against blood-poison.
No microbe has been
found that can resist
Immediately   Zam-
Buk is applied to a sore
or a cut, or to skin dis-1
ease, it stops the smarting.   That is why children are soch friends of
Zam-Buk,    As  soon*as
Zam-Buk is applied to a
wound or diseased part,
new   healthy   tissue   is
quickly    formed.      This
forming of fresh healthy'
tissue from below is Zam-
Buk's  secret  of   healing.
Try  Zam-Buk   in  your
name of paper and lc sump for
pobtag^,' to   the Zam-Buk Co.,
]* *
ins'lnctively felt that the Star-Spangled lianner carried the destiny of tihelr
ih-ts," reads the historic document,
and again: "When an oligarchy of 300,-
<!im slaveholders, for the first i.me in
lii-t.vK'ii the workers a ml ihe-masters iipnals of t-he world, dared to inscribe
iu tjnt-h tn-odern country and the news-i 'Slavery' on the banner of armed re-
siiyV 'tiring aides iu the.-*e stru*v;,l<?s-l volt; -when on the very spot where
iv t.idcr to obliterate, all class, wars'! liarSly '*■* century ago the idea of one
■tliic-ug-h a victory of the people. Sim-1 great Democrats republic had first
llf.rly t&e Socinilsts recogaii/.e that i senilis up, whence the first declara-
'iniU'i- •Uh-' existing system- inteniAtion-J t!on of Uie Rights of Man was Issued,
al wars i-m-MiierlUrble, tint the work-land the first impulse given to the Eu-
ers- can rarely it ever avoid being
drawn into them, and that there jnay
even he lnstauros In which it -beconea
tlieir -duty to lend voluntary supu'jrt
to a war for the preservation of tliolr
class in uresis or for the !>ro;uU»r. Interests of civilization.
War for Independence
Socialists aro not indiscriminate
pacifists and still less are they /Diaries . of the .philojuiipby of non-resirt-
nn-ce. Their attitude toward ea-ch wai
is iletermined by in cause, object and
expected effect.
Socialists as a rule support wars ot
national liberation or independence.
The -world-republic of their hope is to
be realized in a federation of free
and independent states; each based on
the .principle' of complete  Industrial
rcpeau revolution of the eighteenth
century,' when on that' very spot tiie
counter-revolution"... cynically
proclaimed property in man to be 'the
cornerstone of the new edifice—then
the working classes of Europe understand at once . . . that lie slaveholders.' rebellion was to sound the
tocsin for a general holy war of property against labor, and that for the
men of labor, with their hopes for the
future, even their past conquests were
at stake, in that tremendous conflict
on the other side of the Atlantic."
It is possible that our Civil War
may yet he reenactjd on a larger scale
and even over more vital Issues. The
world-wide struggles between capital
that nt tiie outbreak of the present war
Gustave Herve took a most decided
and utmost ra.bidly patriotic stand in
favor of his counry.
Tho Socialist movement as a whole
never took' kindly to these extreme
views: The Socialists are deeply
averse to all forms of vulgar and stultifying jingo-".patrlotisni," -but they
are not anti-patriotic. -They recognize
tint today the countries of tbe -world
are owned, dominated and exploited
by the capitalist classes, but they
strive to redeem them from that ue-
moralizing domination and to restore
them to the people. They are not
ready to relinquish the claims of the
workers to the earth and the fullness
thereof. "What we combat," says
August liebel, "Is not the fatherland
as such, for that belongs to the workers far more than to the-ruling classes
—but the conditions which have lieen
created in the fatherland in the interests of the possessing classes. . . .
The cultural life of a nation can only
develop on the foundation of nat.onal
freedom and independence and through
the medium of the mother tongue,"
And .loan Jaures adds: "Herve wants
to destroy the fatherland.   We -whnt
tual war, the Socialists, pot as part of
their respective nations, but as .separate parties, or as Individuals?
The international socialist Congress
held in Stuttgart in 1907 declared:
"The Congress regards it as the
duty of the working class, ani parr
ticplarly its representatives -In parliament, to combat military ami naval
arm a ment "with all- means at their
command and to refuse appropriations
for such armament; also to see u. it
thut the working class- youth ibe educated in tbe spirit of international
brotherhood and Socialism and inspired with the sentiment of class-consciousness."
.The Congress uso recomamended a
general and widespread anti-war pro-
piganda, particularly in times of war
danger. ' ' .   *
Hut what if all these measure*
sliuiili* fail, If war should be declared
lu soite of theni? How are the Socialists in the, affected countries to -meet
it? This was probably the most .per
plexing problem that ever-faced- a Socialist gathering, lt has remained unsolved.
The only definite action ever suggested at a Socialist convention waB
tlie general strike, as far back as
IS!*I Domela Xieuwenhuis, a leading
Hutch Socialist, who*/has since jolnad
Uie Anarchist camp, advocated tlm
measure at the International Congress
held in Brussels. His idea was very
-simple: Whenever the government?
of two or more countries declare war
on each other, let the workers of
those countries lay down their 'wois,-
ar.d the war will be starved in its inception. The suggestion was renewed
at almost every succeeSing International Convention, but in each case U
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,U,M;W-A
No. 2314   \
Miet first arid thlr<P Fridays,
Mir.ers' Hall, Pernie; second and
fourth Fridays. Club HaU, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec. Fernie, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's HaU.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
R. Beard, secretary.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.ui.   In   the   Opera   House,
Goldman,—J, Johnstone, Sec.
- No. 2352 ^
Meet every second and fourth
Sun-day of each''month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. 'Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos.' G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg-, Alta,
No. 949
Meet  every second and  fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
in School House, Burmis. No Stele
of  Belgium  yielded  to  none  of  the
earnestness of their struggles against
their exploiters.     Yet the old days of  was voted down by over-whelming ma-
curtailed wages and prolonged  work
and labor, .between plutocracy and-the i to  socialize  the   fatherland  for  the
people may be determineiLJi^ajmeiL
aud political democracy. A s.u-bju-
avd country is bound to be a country
of slaves and an obstacle to the general -progrefts of -political freedom.
Thus the Socialists have always encouraged the .movements for t-he resto-
i a tion of Polish autonomy and for the
independence of Finland, and the In-
t-ermtlonnl Socialist Congresses have
accorded ilie privileges of independent
wt'ites- to the delegates ffrom these
loiiiiirh-s ''The International of the
worker"," says Bin 11 Vandervelde. the
«'l'iir:i";:i cl' tit-,' Inlinia.'.r-.ul Socialist
Ptirfc-ni. "is i:ot an aiiiarpNim mass
wi tii mn organization or grcupliig. hut
a free federation!- a union nor only of
sovereign states but alwi of such nations to whom tho International has
restore.I their autonomy, such as Poland." Of course, the Socialists would
nri'f. r to bring;about the iiid-npend-Mi'.'e
of n'i:|mis by pacific methods, hut if
pbeed liefore tho alternative of peace
an I slavery or war ami freedom, they
would iinlifsltatliigly choose the lat-
t-r. a ail every ftwiulne slriu'irle of s
wi'ijlti«u?ed people lor national inde-
•ii-Hence may lie sure of active So-
r|»llst. support.
conflict in one or -more of the modern
countries. Whenever and wherever
lihjit should occur*, Uie Socialists tf
all countries will undoubtedly be found
fighting on the side of labor.
The wars which thus invite the support rather than the condemnation of
Socialists have not even always been
restricted to national or popular
st ngglps for liberation or emancipation. Socialists hnve even ibeen
known to favor certain wars of Invasion under circumstances whioh led
il.em to believe that they would -serve
hours must seem to them like unalloyed happiness compared with weir
present homeless, foodless and cheerless  lives.
The national and civil wars of independence or emancipation and the
"holy wars" for' humanitarian purposes are rare and -becoming ever
rarer. The recent Balkan War involved the is&ue of national autonomy
only incidentally. -The last great war|„
waged by a nation purely and solely
for its political independence was the
American War of Revolution, now almost a century and a half old. The
last important internal wars fought
for the emancipation of oppressed
classes were the Civil War of the
United States, ani the rising off the
.'.trisian troletariat for tlieir Commune in 1871, while the lofty crusades
for the cause of liberty and progress
have practically always confined thoir
operations within the imagination ot
meant of production the collective property of the people. For the nation
is the treasury of human genius and
progress and it would 111 behoove the
. workpts to-destroy this precious vessel of human culture."
TheBe utterances of Uebel and Jaures wore made ln lie heat of an animated dbbnte in an International congress, and are perhaps somewhat wo
phctorlcal. What lies at the bottom
of tin- Socialist attachment for the
fii'H'rlanJ Is not to iikicIi the abstract
ethical sentiment us llie solid material
the cause of progress and civilization.' aictlve.     Tht nine, of course, holds
Sticli wars are in the nature of cru-
fides i.r "holy wars" In the name of
llherty. Tlmo lu 1S18, the youthful
founders of tlie modern Socialist philosophy, Karl .Marx and Frederick Kn
true of all other el.isses of the population, The country Is the economic
unit of modern societr. It supplies
tin? faotl and sustains the lives of It;
Inhabitants.      The ancient and  true
political enthusiasts.
The War Socialists Hate
Bven wars ot national defense, pure
and simple, nre becoming increasingly
rare. The days of tie migrating
hordes of savages or semi-clvUlzed
tribes are over. Modern nations are
tolerably safe from sudden and unprovoked invasions by tlieir neighbors.
Pelgiuni 'i*>:e-3onts probably the only
"ase of such Invasion within recent
>ours, und the general shock ot indignation which the • German transgression has provoked in the entire civil.
ir.ed world proves that it was in the
nature of au cNct-iiUon. As a rule,
modern wars are conducted neither
for independence nor for progress nor
for deft use, bat for comiiiest, expansion or other cold material ndvaiftag-
-The Socialists are not opposed  to
the general strike on 'principle!   T\hey
recognize in it a possible instrument
in aid of .political struggles.   But they
.consider    it    an    extremely delicate
weaipon,   and   particularly  inappropriate and dangerous in case of war.   In
past experience most political st.-ikes
have proved efficient only when t'iej
have sprung   up   spontaneously and
assumed  the character of a  revolutionary rising.   After the first unpremeditated   and   eminently successful
strike of the Russian workers in 1905
all subsequent attempts to deliberately
organize similar 'movements have utterly failed.   And nothing is more welcome to a capitalistic government than
a weak and unorganized revolt of the
workers.      It  furnishes an  excellent
pretext-' for  wholesale  shooting  and
Imprisonment, and of tin Bets back the
movement for many years.   A general
political itrlke deliberately prepared,
No. 1387
Meet   every Sunday.   Slclr and
Accident Benefit Society attach-
edi—Michael   Warren,  Sec,,   Can-
nore, Alta.
No. 1058
. Mei-t Stcond and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—Mack Stigler.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.80   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  see,.   Box
105, Coleman.
No. 20
Meet every Tuesday even I tiff at
7 o'clock ln ihe Bankhead Hail.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley. Fin.
Sec, Bankhead. Alia.
No. 1189
meet every Sunday in Miners'
Hall, 3 p.m.     No sick benefit.
Secretary, F. Barringham; President, Duncan McXab.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
Society.—Thos.  O.
Passburg, Alta.
Harries.  Sec.
No. 2829 .
Meet every first and third Sunday of eai-h month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No. Stek
Society.—Thos. G, Harries. Spc..
Passhurg. AIM.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.3fr in Miners' Hall, 13th Avenue Northo^L. Moore. Scn.-Treas.
.,'      No, 431
Meet every ..Sunday at 2.30 v.m,
lit the Socialist HaU. — Jairn'-s.
Burke,   Sec,   Box   38,"' Bell-sV'ue,
Alta.' ■ ■-''■
C0R3IN LOCJXl;    ','    '■-
No. 2877 ' -:
Meet every'second Sunday-at 2 .
o clock  tn  the ,Club Hail.    SItSk
Benefit .Society    attached.-—R.
Garbutt, -sec, Corbin, B.C,.,,
No. 3026 " .'
.Mx-et every Sunday afternoun,
2.30, at Boarding House. Jjlek
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter. Sec.
No. 1283
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
-Benefit ' Society    attached.--B
Morgan. Secretary.
Imperial Bank of Canada
vulutloiiary Kurope against the great
s:rcmshold of Kuixpeaii reaction—Rus-
Kiu." Hut as the Socialist iin-1 labor
ir.ovement of each country grew In
strcnuth and numbers the notion of ibo-
•itoAliiK political Illicit..' on ni-y peo-
pS? by the intervention of foreign
(lowers ernihially subsided, and to-day
It may be wild lo have been entirely
■<';». called for "a general war of re- j fo-.T.-.uh of Internatloiia'ism I'bi par-la , eg.      Directly or  indirectly, the, re-
:!i! ;i.tria ni ty with equal Justice be re-! cent -wars In their overwhelming num-
versi-il into I'b! pairla Ibi pania: ; ber have originated In the commercial
Where the fatherland is, there Is the-rhulry of the nations und have been
bread. The workers r'.ghtfy claim - conducted for trade ndvantigos. Such
the full product.of t'nelr toll. Hut thi-y > wars present all the horrors of cold-
rind ll more tolerjibl* to be robbei of' blood-ed wholesale slaughter and not
part of their product than to be driven i a single eiMtiiieirsatliig feature. The
from field nnd fireside and left en-1 workers nre naturally the moat lm-
tiroly -Je»tltut>.    The bcavo workers j platab'e opponent* of such conimer-
 ,. ,. , _ , ...'.,.  jt.l,xi   am**,'because they fiiMi'iab the
* ! bulk of the fluhtlftf forces, and suffer
! most from the ravages, whl'.o nil bent-
'flit and n.lv.n.uiw* go to the ruling
i classes.
j It Is this claw of wars, the num
! frequent and -.eriilclous of nil. which
I iho socialist* uniformly had In mind
{ wh-ii disco**!*!* their attitude toward
j ii.ti in luiuiriou* iMUonai end inter-
j natlonnl rongroift*. The Baked com.
. :i:t.'ir!,iJ «.»!i!i.slli.; war, the banc and
Ui-ourjte of  modern civilian ton, pre-
Wbat Kind Do
You Use?
Cream of Tartar, the chief ingredient of Dr, Price's
Cream Baking Powder is a product of ripe grapes. It
is pure and healthful beyond question.
Alum is the chief ingredient of many of the sub*
•titutes offered in place of Dr. Price's Cream Baking
POwder. Alum is a mineral add. declared by physicians and chemists to have an injurious effect when
used in the preparation of food.
No taking oowders containing alum are permitted
to he so!ii in England, Franc® or Germany. To avoid
llirt-m  mt*tt tat ******* ftt aatbtnlfim'mmmr*   t*m*ty*n F?t*?d f^^d
twd tfw W*fl ttvreftilfy and mp tmty
■witn! It*elf
\ tlnns
ii thlm Ht the war, the
*.ir. in ilielr fornml retolu-
on the subject they never ss
| much a-t atte.upteti to dlstlnjtnlsh be-
iwren wars uni 'Wars.' They always
j nn»»i»t t'te t) ideal espltallit war, tht
j nnr-peakaltle murder for profits, anil
itlitt w:w thiv iiinlemaed and rout'
' Hi«H -«M*h<-"t reaette er -nwallrtca-
In   -fact   t'H* r Vn»»»ft|ii» twwl'HIfy  to
of the workers In the country are organized for it, and then it often becomes -unnecessary, for If the workers
are sufficiently stcpng /m^.convci.Jtp,
tjcy can take hold of the government
by direct .political methods.
But if the national political strike
Is a weapon to be resorted to with
great caution, an International political strike, such as a st.-lke against war
presupposes, is even more precarious.
If the workers of the warring countries are equally well organized and
disciplined a simultaneous strike In
thc affected countries ts at least theoretically thinkable. Hut how about a
war which involves Kngland, Germany and France, nnd also Russia,
Turitey and Japan? Suppose t:iat at
the outbreak of the present war the
workers of Germany had gone on
strlKe Instead Jit taking up arms, and
the workers of Russia hud marched
Into Cerniany Instead of golnp on
strike, what would hsve happened to
(lermany and the Herman workers?
Il«sldi>s, the sir-eat of a Koneral
strike, in time ot war. when shops,
facioriet and mills are clo-x-d and industries are at a standattll, in almost
ghastly In Its ludicrous a-bsurdity,
At the last International Socialist
romcreM, held In Copenhagen In I Bid,
tie well-known English Socialist, .1.
Keir Hardie, and the French deputy,
Kdouard Vaillant Introduced the following Joint resolution tn behalf ot
their respective purlieu:
"Among the weapons to be used In
iiititi- to MV«i'*i or to piweui *\**r* tue
congress considers an especially suit-
able i..».general strike of thc workers,
iwrtlcularly In the industries which
furnish war supplies terms, nmmunl-
tion, transport. vu.i *Uo the stn»tt«o»l
potslhle popular sgltntlon and action."
No Power to Step War
The resolution was referred for action to tie next International ConirvM
which was to be held Jn Vienna in
August of last year. Tbe war haa ef-
f*-H|v<-ty rtlapwiMNl of bulk t*n* -t'oogneM
and the resolution. At Ita outbreak
the Koelsllsta of the iff-wtwl roun trios
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund .Vh?7,00<V
PELEG HOWLAND, Esq., President   ELIAS R0GER8, Esqq Vlce-Prea.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chase, Cranbrook, Fernls, Golden, In verniers,
<>      Natal, Nelson, ReVelstcfke, Vancouvar^Victoria.— ■»■'■.. - ^%;.
Interest allowed on deposit* at current rato from data of depoait.
WUlf, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
tm nmtmut invormation apply to
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernlo Branch
Large Airy Boons and Good Board
Wm. ESCHWIG Jr. Proprietor
-* *>
lledt tram Creeai ol Tartar      No Aiwa
;;rtr; "••.':M%4{%f3i?m<
■ nur n*, wnr wn* ntwny* tak#n forff»»n<J #"#w*elf*B without n presrra»«.j
\ *rii»twl.   Tk. ai*ii»»Uw aa » mh re-U%i and «««««» ulsn ot acUon.    The
> tolled aroutxf   tie   fornwiatton   of j orMftlwid moramant of each coantry
- w««i-i-»*ur«»« for li*. itreteatioa. '**■* W «» ^-Hwwlae for liarir -wk*t
j Anackliiv MIHtarttm (atsfsd it was to t-^k«» toward tk* wsr
j    it *ii» * rtmiMnitlt-elr w«r,t«ak loj»>ia rwnrdl io .(ireratlint ctwdltlmia.
I *•*.,,.,«*,*,».,• .  „       .mt. .1 91*** ■*•«-,*• *n.in,9^99t  1-Ttii   -,*•!• i*t*)*t*  fit *i   A9*Qi**ti*   n******'■*'.**   •-»
ft,,    -t, ■n*nlt9f'»ti' nl ********** *** xttXti.( mt*b n ****** ***** tnT***t***M* worn* J
i.i'*,*** to I* nr-fit in t-ii-rttiimwit foribrltewv H main h* Httrti*^! to !»«* ofl
|"*»i«i:«3n b> tH- «oftim*»itts oftthe!i«*rial»*!. fow-rtiht or courage.    tbn-\
-.trotis Ktirt.KSB .oontrlo*.   Uoi thia j pn»'»ii*iii   wWcfc  coafronirl  lOem  In |
d!.| not aolri» th<* wh«l# proWew.   Tbo \HfMr f*i>eat«l and **rn«at atlwnptsi
* vi-.,,. '-,»'*■»«   r -. 9„   t.-thtn-.tn'-ti-ltil*  rn-wtfii '*n ttrr-ytttlt'ti -.ttr-h i n**n rt nrtint* n-»* '
! *o rf%n** Pcit'ihe tttta tah» of 'tb»lr!*»ft 'i^wiltt* IniHbtionTly laaoliilife.' ttt
mv.h-'stl pt-ti* urotraw-Niy fa It* p«»-|^flt*it t>* trnmn bourn* will anil
■».i*an*-tl*iif *:tleet.    thej *oM   *aolh»r*er, 'letwNW ih# Soclallat l<!#al ind
(orte h uiw;. ihelr «ov#riM*Hiit. be*Hie- Mr4ld cattails: reallt|r.
timm t!wr w*-tw t» t»« Wtawrtty l» al.i   Tho -rapitalta) systam'lioM* th# ar-
lr*i«iatiti> bottom.    They fee** ih*t!nons. eisawia aad IndltldaaU in the
u m**iM lak.* jcsm *w»or# i*ft*j cow-Hi *u««»i m? et \n\ -*-fonc*m'«c ««4 |»t»lii*n-sil
■**l>#ef lo nmt*a tbe vettLmtrnt* «l'!*»•*, ani m Itwg •* tt» bomM •?*!
tlarir r««m« m rtmrett ttm tma-\t*m natatalaa iia swajr, ao groo|i mx
**trt*t**i am-iltm of tt* pwaiattea lois^ilon ot msaklnit can etnte Ita tic-:
their nt*** **o tb* mkim..    Ani J**]Iwas nr-ertlmca.    Tie SedaJia-ia tmt'}
tbt* m^»tim-» k«*ty «air tloMia warn wofher* will r#a»a«a k*lr>i**a *ktla*»j
.uu«t4iu?>liov«rl»«otprili«B«n>|ia*a!cf capitalist war* natK thej alii *.-!
kotinm.    if«« **re tbo SocMirta to me tmtrot ttt lb*' wmmnmmu at,
**>*»**? tn *•** m * btrmmmb m ae-Viiw^r ***mmti»mt~*^M>* xi**!*****-**..     *
Fragrant Orchid
—brtathfts »c»in In this delightful Orchid lint
ot Ptttamo, Toikt Water, Talcum and Crwm.
TMnlr tt HI Ttm toMmm et tM* dafnffe^t tmf
ra«tai ct iowwrt* nkliUoHf -fimwttMl and wniapl
tot wm tn tha pnreat er atl ToHet ArreamM**
sr Q)r^OTtS
mes &1oil§tffatri*Um
•^IINWNlKi.i, l,tt)M*,t.»8t»p,il«t.«ili
-■-t' .. *'
A) /- - -
PAGE THREE   t 9v'*
listen I Cold
attacks the lungs
and the breathing passages. To cure it you need to get at these
organs direct. Ordinary cough mixtures
and syrups do not touch the lungs, but
go direct to your stomach, which it not
ailing. Peps, on the contrary, go direct
to the very seat of the trouble.
Peps are tablets containing essences
and medicinal ingredients so prepared
that when placed upon the tongue they
immediately turn into vapor, and axe
breathed down the inflamed air passages
to the lungs, direct. 0
Peps medicine takes the form of healing
vapor, and cures colds, coughs, bronchitis
and lung troubles, just as living in Pine
woods and breathing Pine-laden air pie-
vents consumption and cures chest weakness. Tightness across the chest, pain between the shoulders, hacking cough, sore
throat, asthma and bronchitis are the
ailments which, in particular, Peps have
been designed to cure. Peps will soon
end your bad cold.
Testimonials for Peps have been given
by members of the Canadian Parliament,
doctocs, lawyers, eminent Canadian
musicians; all going to prove that Peps
have boen found a cure for throat and
chest trouble, often when other
remedies had entirely failed.
FREE TRIAL-Cut out thl. aril,
vie, »nd mill It, with lc.timp <for re.
-mra poitiie) lo Pen Co.,DcpontSt.,
Teronlo. and we will ttni ton a tt**
tilt) packan of Pcpi. Ml drtwitto
-tn4*uiM tell Peps, »c hoi or 3 to
.1.25. See the name
Pepe (four Utter,
oalrlhefort ka-rlit
1   O-w
iThe fcireMo-g-s of the -master class in
the -Cofonddo -state legislature are going ta be asked to .mqke it treason
lo indue* men to go out on strike.
Meaanrea defining the organizing of
concerted action by the -workers as
-treason aad punishable by Imprisonment of from one to five years or a
fine of from $1,000 to $5,000, or both,
are to ibe submitted for passa-go. One
measure proridea for the death penalty for treason.
This -plan follows close on the lwels
of. the U: 9. Supreme Court decision
upholding the right of a railway official to force an employe to withdraw
froni a Baton under the laws of Kansas.
tt Socialism Is any more destruc*
some woald -like-to b-ear a long-distance
telephone aecount ot It,
Danf Dusty: Still
an Aristocrat
By Hubert C. S. Colborne
Said Dan Dusty one night with a
:-'!ass of beer before him: "Eancy be-
'j:g turned out of your -house, and
home by the police -because it isn't
fit for you to live In! My word!
Ain't the -police getting.generous! 1
reckon they'd beater grow feathers
j nd ca11. themselves angels! A .pal of
niijio got ch-ucked'out of' his cottage
t'other day and his wife an I -children
hanging round his neck, just because
tto angels of the law said they
thought his home wasn't good enough
for him to live in, and so quite out "of
kindness ihey chucked them all out
one on top of the other in the gutter,
llob and his crew were chucked out
quite kind-Iy Into the gutter; door locked; label stuck on the 'ouse—"Damn-
i!ii" or something. Amen. Thafs^all.
Ixvoly, ain't it? Well, of course, Hob
didn't want to lose the job he had In
the village -by going straight to the
vvorkhouse, which -was all the ^.nrlst-
ian law of this holy land offered bim,
so he picks himself up from the gutter,
brushes off some of the mud, and goes
off to Lord HeJlfire himself, who Is
supposed to own , everything about
these parte.
"Can I have that little cottage that's
empty oij your estate, sir,' says he, for
iny .wife and -family that have just been
chucked out by the king?"
"Xo ,you can't," said Lord Fireworks,
"I want's it for my gamekeeper."
"But, slri my poor wife and family
"Are no use to me, my man."
"But my -children, sir," pleads poor
Hob; "my little kiddies!"
"What's a feller like you -want to
go getting children for?" says my
Lord with a sneer.
"But for the children's sake, sir,
now that they have been got!"
"You take it from me, my man,"
says Lord Skyrocket, "the best thing
you can do Ib to go home and drown
And upon my word, it wasn't such
bad advice either. What's the use
of going to the workhouse or sitting in
the gutter and singing for ik to come
to you? (That's all Bob's lot had offered to them. British rights! Freedom! An Englishman's house ls his
oastle!   Oh, ain't lt lovely!
"Nov, you know Lord HelMire is a
very"poJHtlar sortTot "character; he
swears iby the hereditary principle, and
honors be Conservative Party.    His
motto is, "livery man for himself, and
devil take the last man." That's a
fine old- English motto, - that is, and
used by many people that have got
money. Well, "it was a very extraordinary thing, but I was sining on a
gate t'other n-ight smoking a ipipe, not
knowing exactly where I was, for the
pub had ibeen shut some time, when I
noticed the moon rising over Lord
Hellfire's "shooting box," as he calls
It—a nice house where.he stays In the
suim-mer; and I was jusi .thinking
what a beautiful poem might be writ
on "Love," if anybody understood it.
when I thought I noticed a few curls
of smoke creeping out of the back lower winders of my lord's house. What's
that? thinks I; is the devil come to
mke the last man? So I just fills my
pipe again nnd waits quietly, for 1 likes
studying Nature in all its phases.
Presently the smoke begins to come
out of the front -winders too. After a
little bit I thoughi I see flames coming
through the panels 0' ihe front door.
Well, says I to myself, surely something must be alight in that house.
Presently,  when  it  was  burning up
"Surely your house ain't fit for you
to live In, governor," says I. "Sha'l
I get a Bill through Parliament for yo:i
to get it .put out? I think we might
with advantage manage to allow you
ia he sent along to the workhouse,
warm enough to cook chestnuts at
half a m-ile, and the whole basement
of the house was fairly spitting at me
as I warmed my hands, up slams one
of the bed-room winders and there
stands Lord Hellifre himself, with his
wife and family a crowding close behind him with the smoke in their eyes.
"Fire! Fire! Fire!" he shouts, staring at me -sitting on the gate opposite,
for I wasn't very far off.
Don't you think so? Isn't it a beau',!-,
ful night? Isn't this a beautiful
world to live in? My word! T-ovely,
ain't it?   Amen.
"What yer talking about? Give the
alarm V be roars.
"I ain't going to give noshing," says
I, "I want It for my gamekeeper. Lock
at the moon rising, governor. Ain't
astronomy a beautiful subject? Vou
know, on nights Uke theBe I like to
think of the love of -my dear ones, and
all the lovely wooded lands and estates held up *by. Uie Conservative Party
In this Christian country.     I really
think I must go to church next Sunday*, even If it's only to hear the organ
"My house is on fire!" he bellows.
"\Ve are being burnt alive!"
"Is, that so? says I very kindly.
"Now, you know I thought it looked as
ihc-ngh something mighi be smouldering; but, you-see, t-he laws o' co-mpen-
s-atioft in Nature are so wonderful,
lin't they, that I thought you might
be -enjoying it. Take it coolly, governor!."
"Help! Help he sh-outs in rca'i agon-.',
"icy wife and children are -!"
"No -use to me, sir." says !.
"But my children!" he howls.
"What's a feller like you wants to
go getting children for?" says I with a
-sweet little smile.
"O! O! O!" he screeches, "we're
ibeing burnt to death. For the child,
ren's sake "
"You take it from me, my lord," says
I, "the -best thing you can do is- to
ch-ucik them in-to ihat 'er water butt
and drown 'em!"
•And -it wasn't such bad advice either, for a couple of minutes after that
the roof fell in, and they didn't seem
to hj^ve any more to say."
a     a     *
A young farm laborer who had been
listening to Dan Dusty with a very
earnest and sympathetic expression on
his face, appeared' to be quite upset
at the somewhat abrupt conclusion.
(This young man works twenty-three
hours a day for three-and-slxpence a
week).   Said he:
" "D'you mean to say, Dan, you knew |
that c-hap -was dying and wouldn't help j
him?     W.hy didn't you do something
for the poorman?"
"I'm a Tory," replied Dusy, with m
unreadable expression in his beautiful
eyiti.—Edinburg Socialist.
It is interesting to note in the "Labour Gazetia" for January, page 795:
-Montreal.—In labor centres the
Socialist element hns announced
a special campaign of their teachings to take place during the first
week   of   January.      The   Social '
Democratic   Party   (Socialist   organization) has announced several
subjects   to be   reated   by   their
women members.
The Cost 0/ Coal
In no country in the world is greater care taken than in Great Britain, 10
provide as for as possible for the safety of the mem who win coal from the
depths of the earth. Yet the official
casualty total of the past year In the
mines and quarries of Great Britain is
1,870 killed and, 184,202 Injured, according to a Blue Book issued- by the Home
Office, and this, although the number
returned as "injured," large ais it
see-ma, includes only those who were
disabled for a period of eight days or
more. Altogether there are employed in mining In this country 1,236,211
-persons, of whom 926,359 work underground.
The Bine Book reports that a gain
in safety in mining is to be noticed
over a long period of years, but the
gain is so slow m to be almost imperceptible. The death rate, figured
per million tons of coal or minerals
raised, iwas 5.81 last year, as compared with 7.48 thirty years ago. The
.past year included one great disaster
—that at Senghenydd, Wales, where
439 lives were lost. It ts noted that
the dfeas^Brs from explosions were
nearly all in South Wales. -There
were no fatalities from firedamp or
coal dust ln North Wales or in four
principal coal mining districts of Eng
land. Most ot tbe deaths in these
districts were due -to Calls bf roof.
Tbe chief inspector of mines empha
sizes chiefly the fact that matches and
other dangerous articles are frequently
found in the possession oi workmen
below ground. "I do not mean to infer that the matches are Intentionally
carried below ground; in most cases !i
is carelessness. If managers would
more generally provide a suitable
place at the entrance of the pit for the
safe deposits of pipes, tobacco and
matches, I think it would do much to
prevent the carrying of smoking equipment underground."
Similarity to war is found in the
Blue Book, not only in the huge casualty list, -but also in the records of
awards during the year of the Edward
Medal, which is the Victoria Cross of
the mines..—For heroism in the face
of death the records of the miner-
heroes compare favorably with those
of the heroes of the battlefield.
Miners   May  Legally Join   Labor
Federal Court. West Virginia. In
a recent case tried jn the United States District Court of West Virginia.
the question arose as to the right of
mi employer of mine labor Lo require
th.u men employed sign a contract not
to be come members of any labor or
ganization. The Hitchman Coal and
Coke Co., "on employing miners, required them to sign a contract declaring that they were not members of lie
United, Mine Workers of America and
would not become so while employes
of the company, which agreed to ran
its works non-union, and that if at
any time during the employment an
employe should become connected
wiia the United Mine Worker? of America or any affiliated organization he
agreed to -withdraw from the employment of the company. The suit was
brought iby the Hitchman company
against Mitchell, a miner, to restrain
hint from attempting* to organize the
workers employed in Lhe Hitchman
mines. The District Court granteu
the company a permanent injunction,
and the case was taken to the United
Stars Circuit Court of Apppals. Here
the decision of the lower court was
reversed on the theory that such «
contract did not bind the employes
not to join the union, but only provided for nomination of the contract in
case they did so; and hence solicita-"-
tion of such employes and Inducements held out to them to join the
union, 'by lawful and persuasive me-
ihcds, not coercive nor intimidating,
did not constitu 13 an unlawful Interference with such contract of employment. The court said: "the ancient
English rule that labor unions were
unlawful does not prevail in the United States in view of tie changed
conditions existing; the rule being
now settled that labor may organize
for its own protection and to farther
the interests of the laboring classes,
and may strike and persuade and induce others to join them by peaceable means, being only subject to legal
restraint -by Injunction when they resort to unlawful means to cause in-
jury to ot'.iers to whom they have no
relation, contractual or otherwise. So
long as the United States -permit*
aliens to imtoigrate,, a large majority
of them are uneducated laborers, it
is tie duty of the government to afford them equal protection under our
Constitution and the laws pursuant
thereto, including the right to combine
to improve their condition. . . . Since
members of a t.'ade union have a lawful right to induce persons employed
in the same general business to join
the union in order to secure as high
a wage as .possible, compatible witb
the successful operation of the business, a combination to accomplish
such purposes by peaceful and lawful
methods, so long as they refrain from
resorting w unlawful measures to effectuate the same, does not constitute
a conspiracy.—Colliery Engineer.
"Frult-a-tiyes" Cured Paralyzed Bowels and Oigestion
St. Boniface de Shawinigan, Qdk.
Feb. 3rd. 1914. /
"It is a pleasure to me to inform yoa
that cfter suffering from Chronic
Constipation for 2% years, I have been
cured by "Fnut-a-tives". While I
was a student at Berthier College, I
became so ill I was forced to leave the
the fcollege. Severe pains across the
intestines continually tortured me and
it came to a point when I could not
stoop down at all, and my Digestion
became paralyzed. Some one advised
me to take "Fruit-a-tives" and at once.
I felt a great improvement. After I
had taken four or five boxes, I realized ,
that I was completely cured and what
made me glad, also, was tbat they
were acting gently, causing no pain
whatever to the bowels. All those who
suffer with Chronic Constipation
should follow my example and take
"Fruit-a-tives" for they are the
medicine that cures".
"Fr-ait-a-lives" are sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size,
35c. 9r sent postpaid oa receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
.While -generations vet to be will way .
Interest on the war debt this generation has forced on It, the only people
that it will "pay" will be the bankers.
—Made of tbs higbeit quality
talc money can buy—milled
to infinite smoothness, and
then perfumed witb the
genuine "CORSON" perfumes.
,   UealOrctid
<OrSOfl S Poaaader
Don't buy cheap, inferior talcs.
coanely milled and  cheaply
• cented. when by atkhvy for
1    COMWI'S you ca*-ftt thelert.
Alt your Druggist
lovmstON inivan limited, tokooto
*i *
h«  fsmllr ******   for   Cc-rihs ana CeUt
c«hik*» -scats so little  and dots  *••> mocbf
The District Ledger
As an Advertising Medium is Without Equal inthe Crows Nest Pass
It reaches Earner and Spender. It appeals io them because it
supports their cause. The workers ownjhe paper and control its
policy. All advertising qf a questionable nature is barred from its
columns.    Advertisers do not have to pay compliments, but we quote
the following received from a very large firm in New Jersey, U. S*
mat*.    *      ■     a      a      a ,* a *,* *t        11. 1*1, 1 ee* .   a ,   1   *       it* •,      .
W« *!•»«« MMskttw umvu|M jrvtM |***|MU Willi utmbtrntiimtmb -wu-t eunu mm4*4*4n*u       nn% MM-gu-t urn**, uu* *w|#|#viiuutbjf iv -ca-
ptw ourapprecUtion for the tenlceaa rendered 10 far.   We wtroWS alio add that tt ti one of the cleanest weeklies that we
bate run across in some time KttMKWiauiliMH
U>% Bisiru-f £tb$tr
Published every Thursday evening at itt, office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. G. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address $11 cpramunications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
WASHINGTON, Fob. 2—Tlie first roport oi"
its study of infaht mortality was -made publiu
timi-fht I iv the fwlerwl children's hureau.     It is
o* . ,
hnsod un condition's found by tho bureau's in-
vcstig-atu'rs in Johnston, Pa.
While-il earet'ully avoids conclusions, the report points -nut that in the poorest sections of
.Johnstown the death rate was 271 per thousand
babies, or more than five times-that in the best
residential scoliosis of the city.
Babies whose fathers earned $10 a week or
less, the report says, died al at the rate of 2">*lj
por .thousand, while (hose whose fathers earned
$25 or moro a week died at the rate of Hi per
Only 4ti.li batyies per thousand died under one
year of age ,w*hen breastfed for at least three
months, as against 165.8 per thousand who died
when fed with artificial foods.
When mothers were employed a large part of
ilie 'time' in heavy work babies died at a
rapid rate.
The above report is not written by highly paid
war correspondents capable of vividly depicting
in language so lucid as to leave little play for the
imagination, but enabling one to form a mental picture of the awful deeds enacted Which, when actually seen, is a correct reproduction in essence, varying only in detail. They who made the investigation are I'tki). calm, Unrtiiotional statisticians gathering information with the same deliberation as a
timber scaler tallies logs as h« poles them from the
pond to the foot of the jack-ladder.
Suppose to-morrow -morning upon opening the
newspapers instead «f the head-line. "Babies of the
JVwr Die Rapidly," you are confronted in glaring
type with" Uie sentence, "Enemy's Shells Murder
incident, found the following:
"At dawn o» the 26th inst. the inhabitants of
peaceful towiiiof Seaside wergf rudely awakened
by the loud and insistent boom-boom of heavy
firing by iinvul guns. At first it was thought
to be some of the'home fleet -practising, but this
com farting belief was soon turned into dismay
when shells fell tearing up the street and shattering buildings in various parts of the town.
The bombardment lasted barely .'10 minutes, but
was exceedingly destructive in its effect.
Among the worst sufferers was t-he County
^latcruily Hospital containing over 1,000 ball-
■ ie*. 271 of whom lie dead, a wilent tribute to the
Moloch of war. Fortunately but few lingered
in suffering, as those not killed by the shells
outright were asphyxiated by Hie noxious fumes exhaled."
What cries of horror and justly righteous indignation would be uttered! What inipreeutionis loud
and deep would lie hurled at the inhuman monsters
guilty of such diabolical dcedx! Vohunin of ink
would be i'N|ieiided by fiu-ile pen artists in their ef-
i'oru to ii«,tkt- their word-* *«|iiare with their senti-
m-nts; insistent demands to neutral powers urging
tu.-v j.iin in vehfiiii-ii! protestation against siieh
wanton Hhinjrhter and advocating the placing tin
perpetrator* of such infamous deed* in a -category
by themselves, Warning* would be given rhiif unless such dastardly tactics were not repeated the
most fearful reprisals would be taken: flaming
cards conspicuously displayed with mottoes, '"Re
no amount of word-spinning apologetics can but re^
gax;d such a state of affairs as a most severe indictment of the present methods of administering
to the 'human family. Take 84 from 256, basing
the calculation on the assumption that 8-4 is the irreducible minimum of mortality, and we have the
figure 172 out of the 1,000 that are not slaughtered
during the battle's rage but in the quiet, humdrum
of every day commonplace, and this is the explanation of why the Socialist is endeavoring constantly
to point to.those who suffer most that it is their
elass upon whom the burden falls, therefore constant appeals are made by tlie propagandists not
to passion, but to calm, dispassionate reasoning to
thc end that race suicide and soul suicide shall
cease. Were thesp unfortunate 172 per thousand
victims of a famine resulting from a failure of nature to provide the raw material then, of course,
these vital statistics are normal, but in a world of
plenty all that is needed to minister to the welfare
of earth's inhabitants such statistics as those quoted
must stand as a most powerful indictment of the
existing order and the sentence to be imposed i.s con-
tingent upon those most seriously affected, realizing the enormity of the crime and what is needed
to apply the cure.
Another paragraph though brief is full of meaning to the average thinker.
"When mothers were employed a large p-art of
lhe time in heavy work babies died at a rapid rate."
Latterly we have received from various sources
bulletins dealing with all kinds of "Conservation,"
of animals (except the human one), trees, rivers,
fish, waters, etc. all of which are prefaced with
"Our" natural resources, yet so far the bulletins
are not being distributed from governmental authorities "How to Conserve the Children of Our
Class," doubtless because the fear is not entertained by those whose aim is "Profit first" that the
supply of fuel for exploitation is likely to be exhausted despite a most appalling death rate.
- - EDITOR - -
To the Editor, District Ledger. of both nationalities, quite eligible for
Dear Sir,—I have read with interest ] military service, are resident aod in
em-ploytment in the immediate district.
Tho whole bunch are either men from
the different parts of the did country
or Canadians of British descent'
Perhaps tlie fact most commented on
in the camp is tihat almost without exception-the men were, or had been,
em-ployed at the local mine, jw-hich I
am given to understand, is almost entirely controlled and worked by French
or Uelgian capital. As far as I can
gather, preference is almost invariably
given to foreigners, even Germans and
Austrians. An English-speaking man
is tlio last to be taken ou.     Surely
Scanning I he exchanges that came into this office
during the current week we noted the plaint of a
foreign missionary regarding the unfortunate position he finds himself in when the natives whom he
is seeking lo convert to Christianity ask him the
question: "How is it that the nations calling themselves Christian are slaughtering each other the way
Ihey are doing in Europe?" These shallow-pated
"heathens" are worthy of compassion because of
their inability to grasp the force of the injunction.
"Thou shalt not kill" is not to be read literally, but
needs the amplification given it by the up-to-date
exponents of Commercialism, "Thou shalt not kill
except iu thc interests of trade expansion." aud
then skilfully disguise it under the plea of a fight
Looking at the matter from the viewpoint of a
heathen it must indeed be most perplexing to reconcile the doctrine of "Thou shall not kill" with the
wholesale butchery now in progress among those
nations claiming to be iu the forefront of the teachings of the Nazarene. and it is not to be wondered
at the reverend gentleman finds his labors stultified
among heathens still unversed in mental gymmiK-
lies. ..-"..'
the letter over the -nom de plume "On
Furlough" taken  from  the Liverpool
Express, and also one -commenting rn
same signed  with the initials "J.A-"
-both of which were inserted in your
last issue.      As regards    "On    Fur-
louglh's,"  epistle, <I   think  any  levelheaded working man of ordinary intelligence .must admit that it is-not worth
the notice that "J. A." has seen fit
to bestqw on it.   It is evidently the
vaporings of  some  poor  fellow  who
has been  reared in ihe Old Country
under surroundings where the sfluire
and parson hold sway and manage to
ingrain  thoir  politics  into  each, succeeding generation    of    the -working
classes.    1 may state that I am an old
countryman   my-seh    -but   have   been
resident for a few rears in the Crow'a
N'est Pass, most of the period in or
near tho town of Uellevuu.     You will
perhaps,  therefore,  give  me  a  little
apace to refer to the sudden outburst
of loyalty to their King iuul country
displayed during the last fqw dayis by
almast   all   the   ableibodlecl  .English--.-
speaking male population.     It almost
seems Incredible that from a town of
the small dimensions of Bellevue well
over forty men should make the journey to Pincher Creek and there present themselves to the recruiting officer for enlistment.     I may mention
that I am personally acquainted with
a large majority ot them, and a finer
body of men lt would -be difficult to
meet with.   Thoy are noL the class of
recruits usually to be found presenting themselves at an old country recruiting station in most -big towns, but
a lot of well setup, able-bodied and
reasoned men. and I believe, without
evroption are looked on as first-class
One noticeable circumstance in perusing the list is the total absence of
anyone possessing either a Frcnoh or
Belgian name, although scores of men
Oklahoma, unless he can show, a poll
tax receipt for the year in which be
offers to vote, or-a written--permit-from
his Landlord or some Business Men- in
good standing in state or county .politics. •
Sec. 18. An emergency is hereby
declared to exist for tne -preservation
of the public peace, health and .safety,
wherefore this act shall take effect
and be in force from and after its passage and approval.
(The above is a satire written by
Thomas H. McLemore, Socialist representative from Beckman County, Oklahoma, as a retort to the Dem-ocratic-
Repu-blic -crowd for^their introduction
of a poll tax bill thereby effecting, if
it becomes law, the disfranchisement
of hundreds of impoverished tenant
farmers who have to carry so many two
legged -parasites they can il] spare the
•poll tax im-post that the "friends of the
poor farmer" are so anxious to treat
him to—Ed.)
Classified Ads. -Gent a Word
.'HOUSE FOR RENT—Four rooms;
yjTest <Feraie,   A^ply, A. Luke, Box 331.
POR BALE CHEAP—-Two pair heavy
Bob Sleighs, .practically hew. Apply,
S. Graham, c.olA The 41 Meat Market,1
ply, 66, Chipman Avenue, Annex.
thero must somewhere be a screw
loose when almost the entire num-ber
of able bodied men, many of them with
i'annilics, have to resort to enlistment
as a means of livelihood? 1 think it
must c-a-use a feeling of shame amongst
tho Pronch and Belgian population
when they come to ponder over the
fact that bad It not been for the timely
assistance of the British, both Prance
and Bolglmn, as separate countries,
would practically have been wiped off
the map of Europe.
Trusting I have .not trespassed too
far on your space.
I am, yours truly,
—Experienced and thoroughly reliable
accountant with knowledge of lumber, steel and brick and printing industries, seeks situation in Pass or E.
Kootenay. Engaged for last six years
with big firm at coast. Apply Ledger
Office,, or write A. M. Judd, co.
Messrs: 'Couglan & Co., World -Bids.,
TO BE SOLD CHEAP—A nwn'ber of
tables and kitchen chairs. Apply,
Ledger Office.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,---It seems that it was too
colli for Brother Prank to go to Diamond City Hospital. Can he explain
why-we 300 workmen at Coalhurst cannot get hospital as good as Diamond
City' There was never 300 workmen
at Diamond City Mine, or at least, I
think not.
(Ed.—Bro. Iiarrl-n-gham's suggestion
tihat an open meeting bo held to discuss this question only should meet
with tlie approval of those who believe
in substantiating their words by deeds.
House Bill No. 1776
By  Richard  Doe, of the  House, and
Richard Roe, of the Senate
Henry Ford, the automohile inanufaeturer, told
the I jiijed States Federal Commission ou the Relationship between employer and employee that he
-oiild take any eonviel from Sing Sing mid mnko n
man of him by giving him a decent living nnd eout-
i'oHnbJe surroundings—Home evidenee that poverty
is responsible for eiiim* and eriminals. That there
is merit in What the automobile Manufacturer has
stilted has already been demonstmted practically,,
liieiej'uie if by giving a mnn a dceefit living » id
tomfiirtabie surrounding* the tendency to crime
will be reduced is it not logical to suppose should
the worker receive the full social value of his km-
luet the word "convict" might be nmrked "olixo-
An Act Regulating the Conduct of In-
•ecu, Domestic Animals and Barn
Yard Fowls. Declared ah Emergency
Bo tt Enacted by tlie People of the
State of Oklahoma:
Section 1. That after the passage
of tills act. it shall be unlawful for any
bumble bee to carry a concealed stin-
gei* more than one-eighth of an inch
long; and said bee shall not use said
Miiger more thou once In any one
day; and on conviction of the first offense, he shall have his or her stinger' contempt for a
removed; and on conviction of tbe se
cond offense, said bee -shall be confined In the state prison not lens than
forty years.
Sec. 2.   Xo tumble hup shall be per-
of this act shall ibe punished <by banishing the offending fowl or fowls to
Bom*e^azy^eninitrji—termr'or mtneTTT
shack, where such fowl or fowls shall
bc compelled to roost on said tenant's
or miner's hunk, and -begin, crowing,
gdbbUng, screaming, squawking or
both nt 3 a.m., and- qontinue.same until
all tenants and mlnen are at work.
Sec. 10. N'o mortgaged cow Bhall
-be permitted to suck herself, nor prohibited from having twins. Nor shall
mich -pow be prosecuted for trespass or
other felonies. Any mortgagor guilty
cf violating any of the provisions of
tills act shall be deemed guilty 01
period of twelve
Sec, ll. No hen or hens shall lay
eggs, br refuse to lay eggs, without
the consent of the cold storage trust.
Any hen or hens refusing-to comply
mltted to roll his or her ball more than
eight hours In any one day, nor more
than forty-eight hours In any one
weok; and upou conviction thereof
xhali have liis or be? ball taken away.
Sul: 3. No honey bee shall tako
iiioiv then seventy-five per cent of the
honey from nny one flower, and won
convtctlwt thereof, shall havt» tils or
her left hind l-cg removed.
See. 4.   No  jsrasuhopper  shall eat
\vU>" in the 2U\ ("eulurv Dictionary:     IWide.l wore than he or Ae can hold in any
.or «,.k«.l»lc«Ht»tcofaffairHari»KeWhatttc«la.n-lt!«'' *"■ ™« "^ conviction tkgNOf
, j liiiih I'oitdilion our "mili" .Heinle*, might find th-'i.t
m Ive* with  their worn-out theory uf
would lw dtfitroyed" argument (at*)!
'■■*!■ b* electrocuted,
8w.'ft. No bed bug shall be per-
mltted to exercise tils right to.bite nny
iMimnn or other fowl more thnn onue
In nny twenty-four hours, and upon
-fonvk-tton thereof »h»H be compelled
to sleep on the floor three we-eka.
Her. H. So huikuik tiaard -shitli lw
i>et mltted to sting any perston or other
i.itt,ui„'i- '.<t*,ij*'ti\f. <•  aiav   lie ,v»HU   lwt»>  ilejU, i»te,", '■ # ,,.,,.,
would r.*utt in an unheard of rtrii to the recruit-!     •* ^M"'t '»» ""' •••"W M"*"*™; !«iMi»hf.l ... tlw
..... I'dlgur? Herald lveriitly nv.nid    from    Ottawa, i'umt*:le auiiii.ii without firs; •honing
iiitroniee UiiiIcm- " the imvernmeiit i* informed tlmt » trrtlflcate of wmpettiwy turoedby
When ti... gmtiMT* of the n|»|**tiiK IwtUwfcilwi ""';;•       \ " ' ""  f V    T       v ZI*     ,ilZV* »»'»» »«o»r.l of Asr!r«tt«m tnd n
f..vd „ Aim ih.it rw-M the .,U..,.j (,i,„ed at with; *«'*» N,„,.u,tp,it of nickel ".Norway control- f,rtllw wrll(|l1ll-rtw-lf'ltall#iw
gleefully i'i*»mitciifluee-» \V«»llld eS<liiim :
with the provisions of this act shall
be confined in cold storage for thlr.j
Sen: VI No dog shall bark, bite, or
tn uny other way frighten any BusinoM
Man'H automobile, or do uny act that
would be liable to cause personal injury to Mid nntctnohtte, provided that.
nothing tn this act shall prevent any
dog from biting nny tenant farmer,
beggar, tramp or other down and oat
working man. Any dog violating the
j provisions of this act shall be contln-
H In t'»e high MM-tety of Wall iltre-st,
for a wrlxA of not leu than »lxt.y daj s.
Her. i."! Xo fish or other whfr
fcwl shall »wlm in any lake, creek or
pond In the State of Oklahoma without first *eenrlng a swimming license
from the State Game Warden, Any
tia.i or other water toml violating the
provisions of thia act. shall be <un-
«k\i-tu.l :o e*iui liackHarilk fur not lu»*
thnn stg months.
*Thiit'* oue! k^1 l,.v ,««»'»n« iutiwui* wliudi could fiirnhh a irtif-
r«r 'I,, baby MMttn." ami when the wn «T the «"'"»' "«IM»ljr *<* <{«,«''»«» «",nirwiiwiM during tlw
mi vn! a-t ion reached I he public Ihey millil lie remU-j l"rM*nl w,,r-"
ly .N-'iH.-d if they indulged in Midi espr.«*-*ioii<     TliU U mm-* iud.-iit. mid fn»m iiii eduentin.tiil
An "Servi- Vm rh'hi. fhe reptile*," et<-. viewpoint it would Im> intcrcnting   ti»   know   Ow
Vl * *->u*.*»»'*• r«' **t u-m-twj-Mt* ri-f'-rr.-d !-»
Nothing that has been published inspecting the use of Canada's armed
forces for political purposes equals
the story told by the Ottawa correspondent of The Globe regarding the
"defence" of British Columbia.- it
seems that shortly after the war broke
out the British Columbia Govern-ment
urged the Federal authorities to mobilize the militia as a means of defense
against an anticipated raid by Oerman
cruisers. -The request was granted,
and practically every-important unit in
the Province -was called out for active
Time passed, the German raiders
vanished from the North Pacific, the
disaster off Coronel was followed by
the decisive victory of the Falkland
Islands, which left -but one small German cruiser, the Dresden, in tiie .wide
Pacific to be hunted down 'by overwhelming British and Japanese squadrons, -but still the militia of British
Columbia remained on "active" service, drawing in the aggregate hundreds of thousands of dollars from the
public treasury at a time when a huge
deficit was known to ibe inevitable.
The Militia Headquarters Statf at Ottawa seems to bave done Its best to
end this scandalous waste of public
money. Orders were sent out to the
district officer commanding to demobilize at least some part of the men on
duty and so prevent needless expense.
The order aroused the Provincial Government to activity, and "because of its
intervention the men were kept on
duty. Until General Hughes visited
the coast last week there were -more
men 011 garrison and guard- duty in
Provinces put together. The "Minister of Militia may have mode a change
as tbe result ot his personal observation* and inquiries.
Tlie explanation of this amazing
waste of -public money seems tb .be
that the Wiling out of the militia was
a measure of unemployment relief.
Ilritlsh Columbia during the past two
y-^ur-v thico. Uie collapse of the real
estate boom, has suffered from serious
depre»»ion, which left thousands of
raech-ahies and laborers without -work.
The calling out of the mllltla took a
considerable number of men out of
the ranks of the unemployed, and «o
that extent lessened the pressure for
relief. And that Is how Sir Richard
Mi'Hrido has assisted in fighting German militarism,
The "defence" of British Columbia
.van audi a pood thing .'that It was re-
eeuily projrospd st'.ll further to protect
the Province—of course at .Federal expense. The suggestion was made thnt
the boundary hetween the United States and Canada should be fiiardpd as
well as the coast that no German »hH*
has ever cbmc near. Col. Ogilivc,
the District Officer Commanding at
Victoria, has reported that thero Is no
necessity for guarding he boundary,
bnt his view may not prevail If Sir
Richard feels that the nuem|iloyed are
Increasing faster than the means of
relieving them—at Ute Dominion's expense. Is It for this sort ot thing
that the Hon. W. T. White Is going to
ask Parliament to 'grant s war vote
uf .. l.'.u..lrt.d UiiA.-ju tl-J*U;* uhti-u li.-*
IIoiiin* me-Hs ne\t waek?—The Globe,
Sir flic-hard Mctlride Is very Indlg-
Sale.     Apply, 69, Victoria Avenue.
TO    RENT—Five-Roomed    House.
Apply, Wm. -Minton, Fernlo Annex.
TWO GIRLS desire employment
either in hotel or private family.
Write -Mary Vavereclan, Pernio P. O.
TO RDNT--Two Furnished Rooms;
reasonable.    Apply 140, Howland Ave.
cow; 3-year-old; calved second calf
on 15th January. Price 85.00. Apply
F. M. Thompson Co., Dlalnmore, Alta.
House; Toilet and light. 323, Victoria
Avenue. Apply J. €. WaTd, 91 Nlckolla
Avenue, Annex, Fernie.
War m Wood
Good dry wood for
sale $3.50 for 2 ricks,
delivered anywhere in
We would respecttfulij- call
attention to our wit-of-bwn
. correspondents that'they miii
their communications so as
to reach us on Wednesday
morning, as the train service
having been cut down to ene
train daily, mail which' heretofore bas reached us early on
Thursday morning, now Is not
delivered before noon, and inthe event of being behind time
reaches us too late to appear
in the issue for which lt ts Intended.
had his stlniti-r sterilised according
in the Pure Food and Drug Aet of
iiim- 3". \'.m and upon conviction
thereof he shili forfeit hi* right to
•tiJtm for a j«»r!otl o'. nitty dsy*.
Hn   ",   N'o rattlesnake shall be per-1 roawalt rac* »»tctd« la the tAtnte of
8«c. il. .Vo mortgaged male*shall jnnnt ot lh" •*•*•• nnA to**'* wh«f V
b# tMinulited to work room than sixty! r,,,'i.,B "trt on llri *aWeet:
ttajs In the Bute of Oklahoma without i . "Tht> "M« ,Wn* " " w|ck*d f*1"
tml or drink. Any mule violating! r,»lto"' *** l9 »*»l«Wr ««"». ***
the provisions of this set shall he bsni >"u m* m*e m.-tfmM In the strong
i«h<>d to the Sahsrsh desert.     *        |f»t tangnsge yt.iMsn emplo).    It is a
»#c IV   Xo good brood mare t|MH|«"»»-«"WW«kin of HlHml nartttaa-
»hlp.     I rar ihlnk of nettling more
t«-9** t'mn an lnw!n««lion that 1 would
***%'** \*a\*-% wMi«*--r«l*»he.p»vmiiiientNiH^^
UH..I.II.HHI iiivUiM.. ni.ijmif«.™> ,p»„j«tm» with •»« iiHlimry- hi Stmnxy h«« Iwn it. a tamtMiimiM or other imtnnm ttm, *ttbo«t|««lls; provided, ko***«r,   tliat   mUl*?/^}?:*™"*9**91'
n.t:hi tttt-f ,**,%•; AfUt **,-«,     . <•**'•*'''' »'
lli-n  hkmIi- ih  llu* l»t»<r lift-*** <•••' h;u
tt'**"*-.*. »•"•
iniM»r Jin—*
, . '      ii   .   r   i    i       .t  .     -   -  . ''-»»tl«w* provMed thst itetlitnt In this f more tkm sit oioetht in sny om rear.
-it Wn »lili ti» fiitil «i.«r.- Jlurv nre any , ,„\ ,,. ..       _ ...^. „. ...,, ; ,._ „^.i..,__ .*».- JLij... «j
of *n In-fnmonr an net.
*    !n plain, Man? Knsll*!!, tt Is charait-
«vrlsr"t {ts i
-mm m tin iiiilu-ttri.il  whM-* **t tlih «i**t«l in tliat ««»tuitr>
Ua *k-*li vtuUni any r«sW-siit or »#*i.| A»» «w»rw nutation the jirovislons o|j,r,w! {,» * ''•' "'   *' Wr "(JIcb«,,.ro
j ^ttlrtnake rro» hittng   nny   tensrt tm. nn shall l» re*«i!*d to sat tbr*e, «»wrts It mb-m*ttmly. then ton mny
lJi.it'.!;•-t-ij-liiii* .ire lunn--ttmiM-   ,  „. —,^»   —,    -, .-...- _....,     , ,
,i, Ul li»*iu tUv »iv «m th.. ImIiMm'UI.    TIiU u »»«.!».       VV.- *U> know that llu- tm-aM \mtl »f th.- wutMV dmrr   or   ),Wln*   man,    without i W«W ef hny pm its* awl on* ***"* !*2*S_,.'1.*'JJ?!!!.Um
,«„,»m,| In tiwiM- who msi- 1*** mthtt'i't *'X*'it n tut**    .«f«|»lv « .-«»»*iiwl tmm lhe iu*bttVltt*ri»m Vyrrbo-lnot1re; upon *-,«ifictloi« for tto titAn-\votmtn ot chop* wttfcotit salt. I min-nn     v^m,io*xn. j
(.IT «hi«,«ht, trust in* it a* tli, v-,.^ •* tt lU-nm*   «»t, „f <»»(.*..     Thh, mib) h t«md i». XW t«al«, \ TmV*£\T'Z?!IZ T^LIS £ ^STS? *?n,?.!?!
■nit-tm. itrtt*-* u**t nirtiBj **t im-ittrr *-**ui*i*t*-t»u>Ht..     ,, mmm mm tu*** mr mm* iit-(ni-.il» im r*n\*,ti}  aiwlj^,,,^ %Hr^t ^^^n tm'aiiil tm* the** wWo ibemt* wttno of urn- liM'-m-***-"-
l,t*\ m* ***nh *k i*i»i* iwn»iu«««. tx» am m'*'t* »rui> » iwhm-ihwi.    'tbr i**\  ix*** int-niioittM (iimo-i-h intMn**) t«ftty «fays.       » \rmtUmrm. mr shstt such pftteest to*
wmI. iH*y nrv ««»»tMirii thmir«, m»l»l»lf*iilfir»(crit fnr the wiitiirwiHiti of thi'WU'iii.v.!   -Mm: %,  Xo ««, Um tick, rhlggtr. j permitted to enter nny Incorporated j
A»m\rmtHy bltttml, tb* r*i*m rtprtmhtml i* » ImUt  hut .VtwnsU -thnt « amrttor ntttry. \tty, mnt or muer btoottrnmrnKimmuitown or nty ot tMs state: prort<1ed.
.'Sjww»*>ti*>m «f towtttwiiw n« th*n wmre f-ii«iwl in tm*" — ■■———	
Cannington Manor, Saik..
Writes ;-"*'Mjr brother wf«
fered severely from ecxeina.
J The sores were very extetf
■ive, and bttrned like coab
JlntohUfleih. Zsm-Dulctook
oot all the fire, and quickly
I gave him ease. Within three
| weeki of commencing with
Zam-Duk treatment, every
I tore bad been cured.'-
Tto it but ent ef tke many
Istttn wt sit coMtsatty rsettfJag
frasa pnt^tn wbohnin tmnt tbo
kfaUng|M>wtne(Zam*Bak. Par
•cMms. p««t, ntm. bums, cuts
snd sll skki bwiMsi tbat b
MtfUflglikeihU WMdwfil toda.
I Ne wm dhwsie ikesld be mm
Mdtred Incunbli ualO 2sm-Buk
« 1»*      *9t.HH,
-mr'jinri Um stock of this slate.
i»m*MH tlmt totklag ta ttrts set skalt
tirobihli ito »bme nsawd laeects from
Hunker*, l*imt-»rlii and ottor Bnataessf hr#erer, thst notbltit in tkt* aet shell ■
-^,f.n   iitMiw«i-i    **it*11   nra-r   nimtn   im-' •,-~-li,Vi  tm*r*i  t-*-* n* fit* a**.** f*.*-r '
Ing any tettsat** narlor and dofng *i*|
to or ato d«rsfr««.    Aay polecat «"ho.
<an pmie thst tbe hid* of kis grand-«
(alitor or ottor aattstors met «dorn«d'
tto per«Mt of any tsadleid, sh»tl to!
etmmt trom tto provisions of this *rt. i
tvi*  »<i.  *n*<\  inserts s-asi-i  proenr»     tn**.. »;,   .No   numMf-   bm*. tum*jk'|
It is-r-v mImi! fr»»iw tto nlmxe fhi» lltmomx military UhHr food tnn-ity from rtxton pkkers to«.  iwwstopp»r,  -»trtd»r.  tod   tog.1
»-iii»iiiir»l<-« w.-rr i»tt» iiiMiir i«i »hi»ir i-iti»iU-»«iiiiit»ntii .,*   a»it nxtl Oxm*r* irhxomt. f»i, tonse. roo««-r $nbV*t,\
«Mi»M fr«l*>ml*»nf at t*bmtwa»tinif ttmt*xi*lh-nr\   «^- *- *° »»rttr, tark«y gobkter\p*mmb. htm, tm, tmHe. obrm, ffati.f
«,»,tm«-t,»«l ^ligirti.^ ».. akingbK-r   ««Hi   ,.!tof,j« '7^ M ** ^f^^HT' *"^ TTJ^**" Tit!?** T* i
,    p * . ^leohW*-, atmtm, Mpamk of ettorwtt* sat fanaer, Wnul instil w ottor ■»!»»»
«e«it^ lm,.    st wommt wor.   hut n tim^ny »l rr»*lj,jWBrll lhv g^^^ ^ My ^^nbnr. moolkmet, sn tMs «rt stoll to »mmU-\
bumnn .Atm-tt-rmlb's ihM. It h*ft in Heirbn* t"^t I fewtfent. or «i€tor tostasMas man, to.|t#d W »ot# si aay tr*o*r*l or sp«»riilt
tofw «-»,- mw tit % *m.   Aay etmntmtt ■*•**•***** toM thrmrvlmm tit* -mow ot t
****■***-■**»* *y   mi******   »>»*-   t-wt M0ttt«|l*i   ttm? - •»** **»•  **♦>» mm**,* ****** ft*. ****•***■ im-ii l«fil »♦.,...M-
«iitry -Mimrirlml in tiifft^rvtil liwalitf**.yet it §•• aafp* «l ami far* bail Iwtv-r ibn-ltNl Ih^nimp «f stllowin*
««siiiii|>t*ion tliat   iikf fftiNlitiiins |»r»M|««» like Iff-! mrn to i«hiim «|i with thi» «ih'«ij on Christina* Dny.
f*M* " ,h«I on tktm* ...iMlitkHMi |»ivv«il prnHtmttxl Thr fmt.mixing h«« lieen on •listantrfiil to <hn*rnl pwlna apou m teasat farmer,Mm!
Ito «..rl.i „x,rmng*m'rnV,mVum. lh*-y rnnat ln» *f^! Vmtrh m to ti«> 0.>rman V*irni1 ««*ff    Anyhow *» | J^, Z^bTti?£'SST^f
[ifiiT-i ri'Ar htent'-t*!*)
\M tt* Ink* *tw mtilmifr »»«l |i»»iMl«-r ntfrr it.
Ha-is-*-* w»ii>«»» tisltor* ittni-nt *\** m f**•*-*. **r it-**.
tto rrfwt mtfn. «W«! at tto nt* *»f JSfi |wr th»»ti-
. amitti Mini*- iktm- wht*m fattor» »-i**f»w»»il t&* **r im*u*
« w**k th-ttk Kt tb* wt* .W .-*♦ |wr ■: lfi..u-«»n.i
\. ,*.i*t-ff ulut ih*' ii«l»ii,i<l-*j«i! *■**> nht'ihft- Lil-*-;.**
,« nnwftmi-,1..  jW-Mt-kUl. *l»t»*U|»rtrtii*t«k **t **»U»»   M*H.j»f-»4i .l—«**-» ■»•»» *»U» Ar-MM-mv-nl* iU*H«l;
7 > Jl,.'
ir.-H lt»* iritf
and paactfnl security ss welt.
With a policy in our old Ua*
'*. -' '*t.a;At. ,4. *. ■* »* «h* W. vi. j, ****.
vstsUoa et visit tto eala of tto
tarti and too knew yon"re at*-
ror*. 1%s beet la
Fini mgunaHci.
la always tbmmm. tmt aagaal
any wo wton H doemt eeat
Mtbtr Deat May stwwt Matt
rea««8l or about that esti» -to-
sarsM* yoa mnt bm tonm tfgbt
u. u aiu-s *ad U-,« li. uxm*m*k
•ott MtNr *ntt f t*W!t
■ im :m M'
The  District Camps
The mines here are working afcoui
four shifts ^per week and the company
recruiting: officer Is turning away
-every -day able-bodied men that would
Sive a good account-of Chemselves at
ii coal face.
H. C.-Beard will represent the-Michel
Local at the coming District Convention. ' ,
The Old Guards of Michel are wearing a -broad smile again. They claim
they have inside information that the
"boozer is going to open again full
Mving; Coal Creek Glub prices to gov't1 ni.
■A noted Natal philanthropist is relieving the unemployed In that town
by starting .build-lugs all over the
Main Street.
"One-Round Jones" and "THie Baronet," are leaving for the Old -Country,
shortly.   Next drink, Liverpool!
The real estate sharks of Alberta
are trying some long-range shots- at
the workers in this camp again since
hearing aibout the good times (!)
;i round here. The following Is an ex-
■i met from a letter of one firm:
"Kdmonton, Alta,
"Feb. -tflli, 1915.
•near Sir—
"he Lot 18 and 19, Blk. 20, Marri-
day Park, Moose Jaw.
''There is .still a balance of $223
owing on the above property and we
insist on ati early remittance. If
you cannot aend all this month send
Hart, and we will arrange balance.
Unless we receive -payment for
-above amount or part .by the end ot
the month we Intend to garnishee
your wages, and you know what that
"Yours truly,
"9ask-Alta. Realty Co.,
"per II. C. BEAMISH, mgr."
The person to whom this letter was
addressed, has already paid $150 on
this little bit of prairie sojne miles
from. Moose Jaw and cannot "pay any
more awin-g to the hard times that]
have -prevailed here for the last six
months.   What about a Moratorium?
The mine lyre Is still idle, and judging from a-pearances and the tales wo
hear^tlie pinch of ,jx>verty Is maJcing
itself toll amongst several -with large
With a view to obtaining some assistance from- tbe government or getting i
them to furnish relief to, tbe miners |
nnd their families who aro hi- distress, ■
:hc secretary made a canvass of the I
fordfs violin, accompanied -by Mrs.
Cameron on the p-iano. The excellent
lunch served by Mrs. -McLeod and
Mrs. H. Prior enabled the mirth and
fun to roll fast and furious until 3
o'clock next morning. Even then
some, like Oliver Twist, "asked toi
mor<?.". : ■■>
Although we have had quite an epidemic of fires in the Beaver Mines
district during the last few years, yet
the fiercest and most destructive occurred between 3 a.m. and 4 p.m. on
Sunday the 7th inst, when the commodious livery barn, stables, office and
hay loft, with buggie sheds, belonging
to Dominic Cyr, were reduced to ashes.
The most unfortunate part of the matter was that a pair of valuable horses
.belonging to the government, and used
by the two mounted constables, were
consumed in tbe flames. Like most
fires the origin is at present a glorious
mystery, but apparently about half an
hour before the flro was noticed Dominic took some horses from the bam
to the .pasture jinnd, and in the mean
time a man, who spoke with a foreign
arcent, called at the dwelllnghouse,
which is 25 yards fromthe barn, and
enquired for Dominic. Tlie man, who
was smoking at the time, went into
the 'barn and soon afterwards Mrs.
Cyr heard the snorting and kicking of
tihe horses, and seeing smoke issuing
from the -barn, she ran to the hotel
for -help, hut by this tme the fire had
got too much hold awing to there being so much dry hay lying aibout, and
although the men In thu town were
quickly on the spot, all that could be
done was to save the dwelling house,
the rigs, wagons, etc., which were outside. Tbe building was :i most -substantial one, while the tiny loft, which
was over the barn, contained aibout
three tons of baled hay. All that is
to be seen at present is the charred j
remains of the horses whose lives It
was impossible to save. The property
is partly covered by insurance.
The call for recruits lor the "A"
squadron, 13th -Mounted Rifles, Pincher Creek, -was well responded to by the
-boys from -Beaver. Amongst tthose
who passed successfully for the Overseas Expedition were: Roy and Doug-
lis iMcDowall, Billy Brown, Grant
White, Jack Huff and Harry Leslie.
The latter has gone as farrier with the
squadron,    Wg wish them God speed.
The general store owned and- run I
here by ,T. Label & Co. is aliout to
close, so we were informed on Sat-
day. This store, which is about tihe
first public institution in Heaver, has
been in existence for about five years
land -both it and its genial manager,'
Ed. Beaver, will be very much missed
In this district
Hat, and J. H. Barringham, of Calgary,
were visiting -brother Frank in Coalhurst last -week end.
-Billy Gordon is visiting his brother,
Alec Gordon, this week.
Quite a num-ber of old timers are
leaving Coalhurst just now, evidently
feeling that -conditions are better some
other place. Among the last departures are John O'-Hara, Wm. Smart,
Jim Walker and John Travallia.
James Bain-bridge is off sick this
week evidently with the grippe.
Mines worked three days last week.
A well-attended dance held in the
Union Hall on Che 4th, was most en-
' Joyably spent by -all participating.
Quite a number of our boys have offered   themselves   for   war   s-.irvlco;
others are willing but await the consent of their wives.
A fine -baiby boy -was born to Mrs. W,
j Graham, Saturday last.     Mother and
IjmIic -both doing well.
The school board, consisting ot
.Messrs. Brown, Hood and Pearson,
held their first meeting and received
ilie financial statement of Secretary
Marshall which, considering the hard
times existing, was very favorable.
Owing to the increase of children of
school age, the teaching staff has been
added to. *
.Mrs. Coan and family left on Saturday for their old home in Durham,
A goodly crowd was in attendance
at the regular meting of 431. Correspondence -was received from Sec.
Karmllo stating what had been effected towards relieving distress with
(■ho grant from the Provincial Government. Whilst appreciating the efforts exercised, we trust that something substantial will soon be on hand
as it is sorely needed.
Circulars   received-from   Premier
Sifton and Minister of Public Works,
IStewartirthFlatter mrormlng"u*rthaf
Rblbert Letcher, Joseph Letcher and
Letcher left Bankhead for the mine^
further north. We hope they will find
conditions more favorable.
Bankhead Junior Hockey Team played Banff Juniors, losing to Banff boys
by 4—0.-
Both Seniors and Juniors are to be
complimented on their staying qualities, for in spite of the fact that they
have not won a game yet they play
with the Vame zeal as though they
were sure to lift the cup.
-Mr. Angus Fraser left camp for Ulie
Drumheller district with the object of
sizing up conditions in that locality.
Pedestrians will give the school hill
small attention while in Its present
Icy condition.
The skating rink, under Alf Roper's
cure,! continues to bo a -source of en-
joymtnt to the residents, the rink te-
lm; well patronized during the evt-i-
■Born—Jan. 31st, to Mr. and Mrs.
Alexander Hume, a daughter.
About 30 tons of ice were brought
into camp on .Saturday -by fhe Bre'v.
ster Transfer Company, most of this
being taken by P. Burns Co. We did
not notice any go to the hotel. Looks
like they have enough to cool the beer
until the vote on Prohibition is taken.
The mines worked three days last
Superintendent Clarke was in camion the 4th and 5th inst., registering ihe
alien residents. There are ■"> Germans
and ISO Austria-Hungarians. One of
ihe Germans came up from the works
the first day and asked where h« had
to register, and was told In the bar.
He went Into the bar, and returned
shortly after with an appreciative
smile on his face, having enjoyed tihe
joke—and the beer.
-Major Parry, recruiting officer of
the fiOth Battalion, spent a busy day in
Banff on Tuesday, Feb. 2nd, examining
and accepting applications for enlistment. Close on-50 applicants, were
accepted, In addition to the four boys
reported In last week's issue. The
following Is a list of the Bankhead
boys who have responded to the call
of King and country:    James Hume,
ber shop, Pan Tan's laundry, Andre
Grisak's shoe repair shop, and Clancy's
furniture store. The heaviest loser
was our genial friend Grainger, who
has the sincere sympathy of 'every
union man in the camp.
It was, only due to the heroic efforts
of our citizens, -both male and feipale,
tihat the loss was not m-uch greater.
The barber had a close "shave," .being
overcome by the smoke, but was -carried out to a place of safety by, several
of the fire-fighters. 'Canmore has ;>o
water sytsem.
Last Saturday Banff's puck artists
came to town to try tfieir skill against
tho local players, when the spectators
were treated to an exhibition that was j CGp^in
not 'hockey at all aud at certain stages looked very much like a scrimmage
al Rugby football or a preliminary to
a prize fight. Result (Seniors):
Uanff. 1: Canmore. 2. Juuiors: Banff,
1; Cnn more, 4. Our local teams aro
wondering what sort of a reecptlon
the) Ml gei If they go to Hauff to play
the return match.
Capt. T. Marsh. Freddy Parker. Slim
Barry and Thonns Sanderson, all of
Frank, joined t-he .Mounted Rifles of
the third contingent at Pincher Creek.
Sam Paton underwent an operation
at Hlllcrest today.
• Frank hockey team journeyed up to
Coleman .Monday night and trlm-med
the Coleman boys to the tune of 4-2.
Mrs. Joe Morgan, of Cowley, Is up
visiting Mr. and Mrs, Evan Morgan.
Frod Allott'was elected to represent
FrankLocal at the Lethbridge Convention.
James OvTngton, John A."McLeod, Dan
Mine Inspector Stirling was deputed to; McLellan, Arthur Scales,   Percy    W
oamp and found tbat there were atj
.present  61   men  unemployed.  19  of     Thc nillle wo*** «>™e d»y» last
whom were married, with an nggreK»i« j *«*. bnt prospects don't look good for
of r.3 children, most of whom were In j'»°re «""> tvvo l»»>8 w<*k-
need or food or other necessaries ol;    Tom ('lapntim, Mike Ross and Jack
life.   Letters appealing for relief were j Xordegs loft Conlliurst for Cnnlston
sent  to the  Provincial  Government,!lust woek to «o In training for the In-
Edmonton; The Alberta Federation ot
Labor, and R, E. Campbell, M.-P.P., for
this conotltiieney, but* what the result
will be wo eannot say.
On Thursday of last week Mrs. ,T.
NWhouse, of the Heaver Hotel, was J
iim national fight.
A joint meeting of the Council and
Kcliool Hoard was held last week to
discuss finances of the past year, also
for the -present year, v
Purvis says tlio heavy snow fall of
fortunate enouRh to break her leg j two weeks ago moans a good crop for
whilst endeavoring to enjoy the luxury
of a slide on tho newly-formed rink
dose to tiie townsite. The only other
person on tlio Ice nt the time wan
Mrs. T. .1. Moore, and she was fortunate In attracting the attention of Mrs.
Phillips, Edward M. Hume, A. T. Dug
es, Joseph A, Cowell, Wm. S. Wdllough
by, James Ritchie, Dave .Hebenton,
Arthur -Malkin, William Forrest S.
Tony and George Redpath. The boyB
left for Calgary, Wednesday, and had
a good send-off. We hope to see all
nf Umm again -before leaving for the
front. This makes a total of 20 from
Hank-head to date.
Joe Allan rei-elved a rather bad fall
on Wednesday of Inst week, when on
his way to work he dislocated his
ii nit le. Joe will keep his hed for several days.
Nothing startling to report about
the last meeting held by the local.
From indications Knglish-speaking
men will soon be a scarcity, judging
by the way-Mielr services are dispensed with lately.
Tom- Hussy, an old timer around
these parts,- left for Seattle -Monday
en route to -Alaska, where w» hone he
gainful occupations perform work
which requires quickness of mind and
fingers rather than mere strength.
All Mid, the women workers comprise
about 25 per cent of all the persona
who are following gainful occupations,
and this excludes women who work at
the trade of being a mother and keeping house.
On the -basis of this report il is fur-j
ther calculated tliat one woman out of!
every four is working for money.      :
Thai  most  of   tliem   work  ou'side
their home, and under conditions imposed on them by interests which often have more regard for their earning power than their health, i-s quite
The vitality of the nation is
locked   up   Ui   tit.?;-?   women       Thty
are i!ie uiothers ,>f ;*. I.iruo part of i'ie
next generation.     They are, in fact, a j
national resource, besides which nihi-j
e.«, timber and   wator power ;.re  in-1
significant.   Yet many of them work!
loin; hours under poor sanitary -conditions, undermining their constiutions
nnd sapping   the   strength   which   it
should be the woman's right to give
to her progeny.
any expense that may be incurred by
or under the authority of the Governor-
iii-Couiicil during the year ending the
31st day of March, 1916, fer:
• a) "The defense and security of
• b> " The conduct of uavai or-military op-trations in or beyond Canaua,
ii) -i rouiotiug tli.j continuance of
trade, industry and business coimuiini-
i callous,  whether -by means of insur-
: ance or Indemnity against war risk or
■ otherwise; and
(d) "The carrying out of any meas-
i uie deemed necessary or advisable ot
| a suite of war.
> (2.) "That the (iovernor-in-Councn
be empowered to raise by loan, temporary or otherwise, such sums of
money as are required for the purpose
of making payment authorized by any
Act. founded on tii est resolutions.
(3) "Tluit the principal raised by
way of loan under this Act and under
the War Appropriation Act, 1914, and
the interest thereto, shall be chargeable cu the Consolidation Revenue
The house tben adjourned until the
Monday following.
The Dominion House of Commonsi
commenced its labors Thursday the
4th inst., and after the Speaker had
read the Speeoli from the Throne,
which was brief, dealing principally
with fhe war situation, a' num-ber of
notices of motions were presented.
The majority ot these notices were
relative to matters more of a local
character than national.
The question of the footwear supplied to the Canadian Expeditionary
Force will bc taken up next -Monday
in response to enquiries made by Mr.
Sinclair and Mr. Lemieux. The last
named member also proposes to present a resolution—"That, in the opinion of this house, in view of present
circumstances, It is highly expedient
to revise our Immigration policy sc
as to attract as many immigrant farmers as possible to Canada."
Sir Robert Borden will likewise introduce important resolutions.
(1) "That it is expedient to provide
ihut a sum not exceeding one hundred
million dollars ($100,000,000) be granted to His Majesty towards defraying
^ What He OwflM to 2tw-Buk t
Mr. C. E. Saaford, of Werton. Kinjs
Co., N.S., a Justice of the Peace tor
Uie county and a deacon ot Ute Bap- ,
tist Church in Berwick, says: *" 1
have used Zam-Buk for piles and found
il a splendid remedy.   It cured me."
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Prince Albert, Sask., writes : " I must thank
you for the benefit I have received
from the tine cf Zam-Buk. Last summer I had a fever, which left me with
piles. I started to use Zam-Buk and
found It gave me relief, so I continued with it After using three or
four boxes lt effected n oomplete
Zam-Buk will also be feuad a sur*
cure for «x>id sores, chapped hands,
frost bite, ulcers, eczema, blood-
poison, varicose sores, scalp sores,
ringworm. Inflamed patches, babies*
eruptions and chapped places, cuts,
i burns, bruises, and skin injuries gen-
' erally. •All druggists and stores sell
at 60c box, or post free from Zam-Buk
Co, Toronto, upon receipt of priee..
Tou are warned against harmful mutations avd substitutes. See the
registered name ' Zam-Buk" on every
packets befon buying.   .  ,
tlm Farmers.    Sounds good, don't It?
(li-orgo Loxton quit the mine last
| week and left for Stirling on a tnatrl-
jlttcMtla! venture.
I   .1,1. .McDermott was away a few days
I Inst.'week on business.   Mr. I'erclval
nnd Harry Drew, who hastened to the fllloil tho office of postmaster during
»jwt and rendered   what assistance J hi* absence,
tliey could until the unfortunate lady   ' A letter from the United Uruwery
wan removed to her home, where she Workers Local I'nlon of J^ethbridte
look after the  matter  of  extending
Sec. J, Burke reported having had
-an informal talk with the Inspector,
but there waB nothing definite to offer
as yet.
Owing to the exhausted state of our
finances we were regretfully compelled
to acknowledge Inability to respond to
a ii appeal for special medical treatment for the wife of one of our members.
A volume of resolutions were mentioned, but It wae deemed advisable
thnt theBe should be fully discussed
elsewhere In the near future.
Itrothers Burke and Uarwlck were
the successful delegates to the forthcoming convention.
Pit -Committee niade report of having amicably settled several matters
with the Super and pit boss, one exception however being the apportion-
went of work, and were instructed to
make n further Interview In order to
reach whnt tho majority consider a
moro equitable arrangement.
This Committee was also Instructed
to call upon the doctor relative to tho j nnd the other brother for treatment *orj
fees charged lo men who had only one l W*  rheumatism.     Wo wish  both ;i
Glad to report mlnet* worked five
days last w-^ek. We hope It. may be
continuous, tiut—'Who knows?
On Wednesday, Paul Stance] and Joe
Cliri-nok wont tu Danff to consult our
may strike a pay-streak. ,
Mr. and Mrs. J. SmnervllJe paid a
week-end visit to Calgary and on their
return report It as a "nearly-dead
Quite a num-ber went from here to
see Banff and Canmore play hockey,
instead of which, to our great disappointment, the rough play finished up
!n a free-for-all fight.
He sports, boys; play too game,
hockey, when It's hockey, and boxing
when Its a fistic encounter, but for
s-codneKH sako don't mix thc two.
'BroB. Blakey, Collins nnd -Prescoti
have cone on a tour to find out if
there are any worse places than this.
We shall see later.
Mike Podsornilc was awarded tho
weekly prize at school for excellent
behavior and was presented with a bag
of candy by a prominent lady of .Is
dims. Brown. Cay and (irant left
Tuesday -bound wost in searcSi of a
new master. Wo wlati thom success
In their efforts.
Frod, the cow Julco vendor, is mov-
witft afterwards attended to by Dr. Con-
watt rend nt Inst Hutidiiy'n meeting ask
Pincher Creek.     As «he break j Ins the boys to call for Ixithbrldgii
,>.<«i fuuiid lii br a bad one, tlu.- doctor
Imd her removed to Pincher Creek
Hospital, but iioi*llrfi» io say *hi» suffered severe agony in the meantime.
Tin- dance of the season came off on
Friday em.'.n-K nt the Pioneer Hall,
when over 40 couples glided Rally to
the melodious utralns of Jack Craw-
ifiyijclmj. Dr. Brett.   Tho flist-nuuica ing lo the only temperance hotel In
to have his fractured leg "X-rayed" town.    Now'x thc time boys to sample
* "  " * the "moo fluid."
Pleased to n port that Mix. Itaivllngs
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.--
-Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
V,.t'.v '-then tuk'.iu rcfrea'-imvuta a' the
hotel hero, mid thereby ulve our union
brother* ■tradlor -wnrli than thoy nr«>
wetUftK at present.
tten Carter got Ills tools out of tbe
miiie on Thursday ond pulled out for
un-eii fields nml litintures new.
Thoniax   BarrlnRhntn*, of   Medicine}
or two shifts In. In addition to this
matter to ascertain from tlio doctor
whether fhe wive* and families ot
thone who hnd volunteered to ko to
tbe front would be fumlshnd medical
attention without charge during the
nb'cncc of the provider.
Itccriiltlna has been vory much In
KViiUrtJ-ru in this camp. n« will bo readt-
ly seen by thc fotlowing ll»t of those
ypoody recovery from their affliction*.
, .John Kolehesky, aftor two month*'
!dlP).e»M-s, following his return from
N'orthern fields, H'arted work In No.
2. Dame Humor has t that John
Ih to take unto lilmnelf a llfp-ptirtncr.
Is proeroBsliiK ftivorubly.
Coiiverwitlon oveihuad recently in
tho ml no.—Pit Ihm: "What ts thr
«tat# of the horne's bowels, regular or
otherwise?" I)■■■■■- r (this stall's for
"driver," not "doctor"):  "Regular, 1
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs. S. Jtanlng*, Prop. L. A. Mill*, Manager
Mttrn a laCartt
If so we shall not fall to eelwhralw the] think." Pit Hobr: "Well, nee that
iiiistilctous event. Mhcy dn, or yon won't tip bt'r* lnti«"
ll. II, M. JoKpph Verdi.»lo. wlum-i {The driver got tils time next i'tiv. The
well-known musical abilities have mnde j question tirlses: who was to blame?
who art- kuIiik urross tlm oieau toihim tt favorite in many of.the in'joln-,    it may tie ft "l«on» Way to Tlpiwr«
ttlirosont I'anndn In the jireceiit war: ;ln« p«n»ps. ha* gono to Pocahontan,
Bob Uvott, P. flosely, I.. Cook, .1. Mc-' «'ln»rp Iip will shortly bc iciliml by hi*
Imiiii, <\ (Millar, Wm. Pislier, .1. Kvans.nblo nsulsintit   Peter Cleks«»>.  no*
K. Hiigtips, D. J. I<ong»orth t, Tt. Mr-! v|hIUii« IiIh parent* at Kdmonton nn 1
I#pan. I>.   Morrlii, Wray flray,  Wm.■ H'KPthpr fhey will drlvo a tow nnk
Slosn, llob ktolroner, J. Pltsiwtrlck, C.! tunnel.
Ray, R, Randall. J. McNeil. W. Con-'   a i-itirm- <»r th.-f* in i;.im;<<t.T.»ii wi*
nors, 3. Cnrdell, 11. CamjUiell, A. Rur-i tried before Mr. Kimtiet J-H'.rlnn. 3.V.,
ery, ft. Mafdnt-mt-t, .1. Morgan. Kd. Itob-jiiceinioii: Arrnwl was flue;! li.«0 au4
fit*, ftllm B.iny, HvnV.y fiinuwiii, A, > nm*., of ti.uri, or in default hi- furnish*
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your boun.- from < ellar to garret and nt bottom prices.   Call, write, phone or wire.    AH orders given
prompt utiuiulon.
If yeu  are satisfied, tell others.    If not satisfied, tell us.
On and after February 1st we wil. make a Spepfal Rate
Boar j and Room by thc week or month
onto, m ipww
AtMriaa Ctia litu
It.50 ft Opvutft
|a, Pattinaon, ft, Welberg, 1.. Kvann,
When the rofriiMntf l« fi«el<|.J<>«J '\
i fa Inter! ted -to hnlrt a J»lnt «n**!on nf
the imtriotie eem-mlUeeN and the »«■-
vera! fraternal norletle* to tlm the
l»o,v«t « grent nertAott
Horn -To Mr. and Mrs. Jaa, Radfor*!,
i a *on.
Vtl***9A ■•'  ••■',« ,,..*■     *   *< i. .,
Pi Is dtwtilstiei'l    It*,    nrmtWlb   V    i"•<•
11 mnl pmtwirflon*, nwlPtnwt wnn jvirttru-
j t»rty nottpenhle. '
An es|»ri of the Calgary Irrigation *
| Department wna recently observed tab- \
fft-r  wr-ilt'l(•>**«   *ri*m     t\i*r     mr,tt,«*«     -•>*'
Rpr-Mdittg tbe fluid over an eneimlve*
area. \
Mr. U'tu U putting on a gmd »ho* j
ut rrdueed roles «
■Tti-tre are considerable minor ailments *
I trrffbllnt mr dwellers at present.      !
,    r^e Meii«idi«i t htirrti held « wicSali
jf-or the f*mrTM»*e of giving a fsremrett!
i "weptwn in their leemV-m, Wsllset
j R.vynor aed tleo. Christie, on ihelr ie* j
J ntttmre toi t^-Hr «nlfi*»c -manners rt'
J Plechi-r Cr»*k.   Rrtjii, Willhm* «r**wp!.
fed tin- titnir and i']t*,»ressed bis pie.,
| mt* ti |l-«- »>!»»*•.Mi» | ten$m*><* tint **tl» f
»*»i»»ii r*t>***Hn»iM»t f-r» i*i* ent*. to arms     |
wl   1,'i  rtnys  In  th-"   VeUwd   "Hume,
H.ui'.  lt».i«*" r>»;. n^tUiffttiniriii.
(In   Tiintml h    mortiiiitf   fire   :i.-i}«vl -
liavw In the bu-^lneM m-tiMi, rom-
|i'i'*ilj ill's! roi Ins llu- folln.vlnjt; A   tl
llr»l»ger'» i«'oi IihII. I'eter KIiiK'm bfir
Prof. Prank land demonstrates lhat COD LIVER OIL
generates more body-heat
Ihan mtfihlng elte.
mr* «W 1* «* f**fmr*4 thnt t%«»
Mood profit» frcm every irep,
wklle ft iwlMes ttireet tm hnWh
bwaomr* **1tt**ttataUnamO*
imam maaO* *ad-tt*Ukim aaat
mHaan*. ,
!•-*■    nn*sc iiiaiiiiiifUk
ary." hut nothing to the distant* from
(Tanmnre to OeorKetowit, imlelns Uy i
the t racks left In the snow by some of
our yoniiK bloods rerenlly.
    .... i
<Vti*us mwrtu re-ftitlj  Ismied w'ttj
Ulu'ly iwiiiirlift' »ii»»> an AiiM-iii-ui u',i i
iMtiuis lint iii his -r«tiulr> women <}-»
nor i»i>rform the mniual lefior whleh I*
fViK-t-Urd wl >liein itt i,,tn)tn-.   Vue imtti
lull  r< ulie.* tlie |»*»ii»:   alm-r-  ttftn*.,:*,
fin;! I' i>xTH»ii!ent lo hlt-h Hip wife net! J
Mte mule "ft '.* pltnt,  *ri\-» |*te fn-ll'ie'i* <
;k llu \i'*-», uu.tllii' U't'ii.l uf uUl' i-iii:, j
' i-'ivlc ili'Vidot mi-lit (t'i-'' nol   -!i.-.**■ (l|-ii '
j-Vi* nre likely io de-^ei-nd *:x low dti'r-J
• ...„ *.*  ,,,*■.,,*,*- v* »«»*- 4».«»»-«.* n+.uvt*-1
',ii"l'lttli |i» «.:nJ:),, mu,,-', ill iinu,*.*-)
Hon* renew tlr retr*t4*'' as »-vi •'renni-'
own for the average wom*n, !nAi«"|
trl*i! rr,nv,H»Htlm» ae^ount* for nimiff-
♦,* • *h**i* ***»  v-M-tv   *■*.,■.:.,t ivt-Hti  «V» tb mit**** tf  ***** +■*■*■»
blur* tir nil trat a small pnt". *bk*b {
»* due »« ifte elreumststi«'« tha' fame!
women  ue fktet tiv nature in tin the
nneroui wortr ef men
Tlilrty-one  Hromen  are  nlil  to fe!
le* Vi* mite of bl>iek<m?th, whlrlt '.*
.nnrt'ix nmonn tl-e 4M-r-ii{»»;|0B*  -i-h-kM
: men -Itette-re in rt'tinir*' nn nf ".'.ell-*
iirj"   »wr«iin   nt   *mi»-ti;jif   >*■■■»'•.*«•»,.;
Tlwsre are fifteen hrlektsyrn; and in*
,'in- t:t,o .tii*,!  steel -jJidattrl****.  »e%e-iij
JtKou-r'ia.? wjmifn -Art:1 -l^inwd « UW;t \
lytmrlmnH', bow*a*m. ib*** ■***»■»-i
In.en are *xe««tloni. Tlie tm**' *••,-
••Th« Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery, Boots and Shoes
Flour! Flour! Flour!
Jorl*.'- r* t?i- fUV mlirct
For lowest prices
on Flour call or
'Phone  25
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
The Store That SAVC3 You Monoy
** <m mmm ■ mtnmo*mE5m3EB3SS.\W&ESm »n„**-*mm.m,—rrnwniimtinitrttumfLmi ■ 11 ■
Page SIX
B. C, FEBRUARY 13,1815.
"An Economic War Will
r '     •*. t
Put Germany on Her Knees"
Remarkable Speech Made by Business
Man of Lubeck at  Berlin Three
Years Ago—War on Sea Worse
Than War on Land
most prophetic in view of the recent
decrees promulgated in Germany seizing stocks of foodst-iffs, was made
May 11, 1912, at the first meeting of
the General Direction of the Deutscher
Werkvcrein, held in Berlin, by Herr
The following remarkable speech,
Possehl, a wholesale trader of Lubeck,
Curiously enough, the speaker takes
it for granted that Great Britain would
aci towards Holland as Germany has;
iu fact, acted towards Belgium, that
it being a matter of life and death to
stop German trade, she would not respect tha neutrality of Dutch poru,
but (blockade them. The speech follows:
In tha autumn of laat year, when the
discussions on the Morocco qffalr were
shedding, as it were lightning-flashes
of intense light on the political situation, 1, as a German as well as a Ilan-
seatic vadesman, wondered from which
direction would come the greatest
peril threatening us in case of -war;
whether from Kngland, because of a
war waged essentially against our
trade and industry, or from France,
because at a political war. Allow me
first to tell you that I served as ■a soldier throughout the campaign of 70-71,
from the first day to the last, in the
Rhine Corps; it was like the anointment of my you i'i; but then, with
many of my' follow-cltizens, we were
able to ascertain several saddening
facts ahout our -situation towards the
other -countries.
( An Economic War
We*! I have become persuaded
that the economical war, cruelly national, irtddk England will -wage against ua on the sea, much more i.ian a
purely political war waged against
France on land, will have for -Germany
tho worst consequences and throw
us down on our knees.
Aa I happened to talk on that subject with General Keim, the chairman
ot our association, he advised me to
sndy the economical questions relating to" a state of war which can no
longer'be divided from tjie military
ones. It Is-my purpose. In addressing
you now, and I Intend to deal with
those question* from the mere -point
of view of practical Ufa      n»r  wiitin
ethers.     An-d tfr.s is what I wish also
to Jay clearly before you.
Towards the end of last November,
the head of a firm of -blast-furnaces
en our Baltic coast, came into my
office and broached ai once the subject cf a -possible war, which was then
everybody's topic of conversation. On
my asking him, ho answered: "Out ot
my workmen and clerks, from 600 to
700 in number, there will be about
200 called into the army. With the
400 to 500 regaining, comprising several technicians, I may keep up halt
of the business for a month or six
weeks at i.ie most. Then, in the case
of an English blockade, there would
be no longer either ore or coals, and
i should have to cease all work. This
means that about 1200 .people, women,
and children Included, and 1600, if wc
Include the wives and children of the
men called to arms, will -be without
means of living."
Here, work camiot help sufficiently,
when it can maintain Itself or';' wli'.
-Ite most strenuous efforts. .'Ua si'.n-
a -on  is the vume  for  several  tens
complying with our chairman's wishes, 'I have d-eclared to him thai this
address wJU In no way. be published
by tte press," because the weak side of
Germany are examined as well as Uie
even hundreds of thousand*. , of factories in the German empire. Tlieir
outlet within tie country is momentarily stopped; towards foreign markets by sea, It is stopped. altogether.
In the same way, the importation of
raw material for our industry will
also be stopped and cut short. There
Is nothing like figures to enable us ro
study accurately that very important
economical question. I will ground
my conclusions on statistics, mostly
from official sources, and, lacking
those, on careful calculations.
Iron and Steel Industries
We have, first, our own industries,
those of lion and steel, with 400,000
workmen, ibesidtes the colliers, 700,000
in number, of which I may speak with
full (personal knowledge. They require
even now, as raw material .imported
from foreign countr'es, more, than 12,
000,000 tons of ore from Sweden,
Spain, France, the Mediterranean and
Southern Russia with Black Sea. The
working of the mines of German ore
cami'G i make up for the loss of those.
Our ridlest ore mines are in what Is
called the "Mtnette" district in Luxembourg and in Germain Lorraine.
Consequently, the situation I described
just now a-bout the -work of 'blast-fur-
Tl«n>*an  nn   tlii,  tiYinva  annttai,   HlrAiL'ieA^i/V-
.        .   ii—■—?— —»»™v-=™»ww^   ....^—.v—^■ >»w .'mr.r^r..r
the great metal industry in the Rhine
country, Westphalia and Silesia; the
raw -material is lacking, and therefore
the work must be stopped. Now tie
cutting off of the exportation ot our
industrial products, expormton, -which
in the Rhine and Westphalia metal industry concerns half the total (Production, acts exactly in the same way, in
the case of an English blockade of
the sea.
Then there comes tho great German
textile industry (16,000 factories with
900,000 h-an-d-s, women included), which
imports huge amounts of cotton, wool,
raw silk, §ilk materials and thread,
most of them raw materials from over
the sea, in order to export them as
manufactured produce. The total
value of imports and exports is nearly
120.000,000 pounds sterling a year.
Here again there is no possible compensation .for the loss of materials.
The Machine Industry
We may now ineiitlon the German
business «r machine construction,
which, with 20,000 facurles nnd !)00,-
000 workmen, gives, or Itself, to German exportation 25,000,000 pounds
The industry of chemicals, the work
on Iron, on food and drink, on rubber,
leather mid .paper; on stone and earth-
t-;i.v.-.ic, ou wood and canvl produus.
am', ir-any others, give an occupation
to ciowds of people, each tor its own
part to hundreds of thousands of
workmen, and thus they contribute to
a very large extent in making the
economical prosperity of the German
people. Xow, none of the great German Industries can exist, except by
and «trough the sea trado, either for
exportation or importation, and in
most cases for both.
Altogether we reach this year iu the
Genmin empire the figure of 300,000
(three hundred thousand) factories
and industrial IlnnS in full work (In
6,fi00.000 of workmen, the quarter of
V.ils number consisting in young men
and women.
Then there Is the trade .business and
building industry, -occupying 11,500,000
workmen. Agriculture occupies altogether 7,500,000 'hands, out of whom fiO
per cent are women. A great war,
into which Germany might be drawn,
would call under tlie colors 1,000,000
of workmen from our industry, besides
2,000,000 (1) of other soldiers of all
trades and professions, in t>wn and in
the country.
No More Bread for Workmen
A  blockade of the ports from the
low countries' to the Baltic Son, -would
i-v-ffinv-iii—mru—mviivnxi y— m^rjrpnQV V*   VlitX
greatest part of that mighty industry.
I am tully convinced that, if a long
war with blockade of the son shore
wore to happen, a third pnrt of our
factory workmen, perhaps even more.
1    -' v-*av it-" ,' '    '
?.   •l;-t'A I-:-    a,,      .
would tbe i-n^-want of ibread, even -, if
agriculture might.for a time employ
many workmenilrom the towns to take
the place ofico'uutry.laborers called
into: the army; even besides, -if the
output of some industries ia intensified iby the needs'of the army; there
will *bo still'without any em-ployaneiit
about one million;, of workmen belonging to industry (building industry included) and trade,1 which Is indeed a
very important figure.
Sea Trade.
lt is as plain as 2 and 2 -makes 4
that our sea traffic  (1911, 3,00-0,'bOO
tons net, out or wliich. 80 per cent, of
steamers; 1871. 1,000,000 tons net, out
'of,which 8 iper eem steamers), with
such an  unfavora-bl-e situation,  strategically speaking, without sufficient
cables,, without coaling   stations . or
nuval .bases, scattered throughout the
world, will   .be   amongst    tie   first
things to disappear.   In my own business, a great number of steamers are
transporting my iron ore.    Since they
Hy German, pavilion and sail thbrugh
the Baltic Sea, through th-k North Sea
(starting from Narvik in tlie north of
Norway and Lueln in the Swedish Nor-
bottes)  I must1 always expect   their
hollis captured-, especially -in the North
Sea by some English  rapid cruisers;
they  will even go aud  throw themselves Into the net.   And the situation
will! be exactly the same for most of
the other   German   steamers   yv-hlch
might the unable to take refuge dn a
neutral port.   In case of war, German
navigation end sea trade are dead.
To realize fully the meaning of all
Mils, we must bear in mind that in
1911, the German Import trade reached
i>.7 milliards,-^he export trade 8.1 milliards merely for the traffic of goods
(England in 1911, 21 milliards of
marks in all; France in 1911, 11.4 millions of marks). -Out of these 18 mil-
Hards, 5 crosis our land frontiers, the
13 others cross the seas and are therefore at Uie mercy of England's maritime ipower. Never before has sea
power 'had such an Important meaning
for the economical life of nations, and
the importance of that .power does
nothing but Increase every year, owing
to the nature of modern commercial
intercourse-between nations.
Situation of England
We must add to this the geographical situation of England in the world,
at the end of the Channel, her situation quit.) as good opposite the North
Sea, whereas Germany has quite a
secondary position in the North Sea,
and can make up for that deficiency
only in the Baltic Sea, which plnys an
unimportant ipart in the trade of the
The questions examined HU now,
concerning only Industry and our commercial navy, are Indeed very import-
iu,4 in UnaA. j*J_**m>*. Il.»4       ...... *
suggests -many other questions worth
examining.- .^
The con-sumption of corn of all kinds
rose in 1910-1911, according to Dade,
the general secretary of tbe German
B-p-awLof Agri-eultare, from the -month
of February of -that year (without in:
eluding the aimount required, ifor sowing), to .29 .millions of tons; The Importation, that is- to say, the difference
between the aiaounu imported and exported, reachted nearly 6 millions. of
tons, i.e„ about 16 per cent. (1) of
German cbneumiption. During the last
twenty-five years, German agriculture
has succeeded- -in increasing greatly its
production; we must acknowledge it
and praise the German agrarian policy
for it. The -production-, was 18 -million
tons in 1885-86 and 25% millions, in
1910-rll. But, twenty-five years ago,
-we were indebted to importation only
for 6 .per cent, instead -of the 16 per
cent, of last year.
In a Critical Situation
The population and the consumption
per head have increased, without any
corresponding increase of the agricultural production. Now, in case of war,
H.we stand in a critical situation. Suppose the war breaking out in the
spring ivo jjr three months before the
harvesting season. The whole western
side of the emc-iire, as well as tae sihore
of the North Sea, are closed to the
transport of corn; Au-strla-Hunwry
lias notilng to spare for exportation;
all that remains are the grain coming
from Russia or from the north states
of the Balkans, or by the indirect- very
very expensive -way, perhaps even closed by England, via Genoa and Trieste,
In Uie 'Mediterranean, or" via some
ports on the Swedish or Danish -shores
of the Baltic.
England Must Blockade. Holland
' I give up at once the Idea of Dutch
ports, because England -would renounce her own power if -she respected their. neutrality. A third part of
German Importation and exportation
by sea Is carried on through Dutch and
Belgian ports. Suppose now -Russia,
as the alty of England, forbidding the
exportation of corn to Germany; this
may be in some cases the most ppwo*.
ful means of attack she may direct
against us. -It goes then without saying that the corn would rise to famine
prices; 16 per cent of the Importation
■being, comparatively, either dlrecUy or
indirectly for the feeding of cattle, the
necessary food to 40,000 millions of
Germane. In the country we cannoi
keep such an amount of reserves;
then ....
Cattle breeding requires -huge quantities of -foreign fodder, in tho shape
of -bran, residues from -ail mills, flower
mills, -breweries, distilleries, and also
corn used as -fodder. The numiber of
the 19th of -March of this year's Tag
tall -us that German agriculture needs
one milliard of^ fodder yearly. i Fortunately, German-agriculture can'supply
our need of oattle for the, (butchery,
hut, nnlv on ■nnn.iHHrin  th.nl thn Imrwxr.
the Secretary of -State Von Klderlen-
Waechter to the Banseatic Union
(Haasalbund) through which the Man-
heim telegram was sent to the foreign
office: ,'In answer to your telegram
referring to the blockade of the Dardanelles, I inform you that .Germany,
as a neutral power, cannot Interfere in
a war bet-ween -two other powers. Yet
ue German government will consider
it a duty to act as the situation requires for > the protection of German
interests." ■ ''  .--'. . - .
I think that this, little disorder
speaks volumes. Yet, it is mere-child's
play compared to a strict.'blockade or
the so-called extensive -blockade ef
our ports on the Baltic and the North
Sea and the ports of the Nethertads,
-The -supplying of necessary food to
the German nation in stata ol war is
of such capital importance that it is
our supreme duty to look at that question in .the face. .In tact, accorSin-g to
statistics, the importation of articles
of food and drink may be valued at
two milliards a year, everything included, com, meat, colonial produce,
preserves, fruit, wine tobacco and so
on.      •'" '
The Question of Finance
1 have still a few. words to say on
the financial question. It Is a chaptei,
perhaps the most important of all,
which can be examined only if one -.an
give it a long time, I cannot do so
Uday. What I want especially to do
Is to enlighten you on our ne°d or
money in the case of war. The money
necessary to a fully mobilized' army of
3 \<i million men and to the fleet haa
been valued hy experts at A^oO.OOlV
000 a year. (1) To that sum s,\ mus;
add the money necessary for the help
of workmen without bread. In Industry, trade and- -business. In- the case
of an English .blockade, I think that,
without counting the men mobilized,
we shall not go far wrong In saying
that there will be in the empire (rom
6 -to 8 millions of paupers. This may
seem an extraordinary figure, biit^is
will not be far from the truth. If we
count 50 pfennigs per head and per
day, wc shall require other enormous
sums of money to support our population. Of course, the empire, Uie state,
tlie local authorities, ue private help
organized under the control of the
Central Financial Institute of the Imperial Bank must and will do their
best to improve the situation. -.Many
or us are thinking about our economical situation ifx 1870-71, but it has
changed completely during the last 42
yens. From an agrarian nation, we
have .become now an industrial and
commercial state. In this respect,
France has remained behind, not only
because ot her small numbers -of
births hut also because .of her special
agrarian character.     Only it haa the
.'This ,.new .general staff oug-^ to be-
composed of t.ie heat' represeirtiftives-
of our, industry, trade and finance,,
perhaps under the direction of the. foreign office. Such an: authoritative*-
■body .might he efficiently .useful, and,,
in -caseV: war, would preve-n-t'-Hs from
connmitting economical blunders of all
those questions,, knowledge' whioh is,
far from Being - suffficieniy spread
■araon'g the public. ..S..
''As a -conclusion, gentlemen, I shi-uk
you wiil all agree that these economical questions have sufch a -huge influence on- "the fate bf our people that
they rise fully, up to the level <rf military questions. Both are inbima unconnected together, and cannot he any
longer considered separately la their
^    ^
Unexpected Conclusions
No sacrifice can bp -great.enough to
maintain our econqmical as woll as
our military security- _ Germany tan
make them'If ahe likes. We musr
again introduce .Scharnhorst'^pirtacipl-s
of universal military swvice.. It \x iu t
fitting that, after the enforcemeat of
the latest -parliamentary hill, ae many
as (0,000 men (a number rialn*?, !>e-
-slcies, by 10,000 men yearly) should remain «• cry year tree -frani military
service, and that, in case of w,xr, ;i
great number of aged and' naiv.el
men should be called -to the Umz
when many un-pracUsed young asldiers
may stay et home. We must *t any ,
price keep up our Independence; it is
the cheapest insurance premium which
we map pay for ourselves awl our
economical liffe. And she German, nation Is willing to pay everything aeed-
iful towards that end;- and we want all
our children for our country's eftke, to
undergo, either in the army or the
fleet, a training which will strengthen
both their bodies- and .t>ni» «*oiia.
iWhat a' young soldier of our great
Frederick, what Uie small, (poor, ruined
Prussia of 1808 and 1815 -has-been able
to do, the German empire, the Oerman
nation are ready to do likewise. May
some favorable fate give them the-
right men In the right places.
in other words, let every ami. every
pfennig, tbe offered up to the German
army and to the German, fleet tor the
maintenance of our economical and
political situation. Then, all onr aelgh-
bora will keep- quiet and we 6ha*ll no
longer read in the France mdlitaire—
I hardly-dare to repeat the words—
tiat the Germans are bluffers.
y> M.
--,    ,—v
>n" ."'"
Men of Powerful Personality
Recognize the Value of Health
iliai Uoed ii nude.   Pure blood natflf Derftct hgtlih.
laaummefot*  ffatttioa   uA   meAmStmlSmm CIUWS   UBDUM   blood.
bodfy wwIokm tail mortal aptlhy.  UmwiUbU food n a
mWm^^^-^mBt^m    tbN^^mmmWB.^HN9omJr     m^mm^^^*    ^^*B     ^^^mf^^fj^*^^moeWm    ^^*w-\mm-   ■ m0Umm^^9mKommm^w
^^^_iL *m*^mI *S^^^d|MA| ^I^*^^_^^0^       «j| -mmmmmb *mm ri^^^ft AAfe V-^ft tf^WM^fllnf
vm^MM^^^avQlr »BWWip tm^tH-^Bbbmt^mm w^^^mrnmwmm^^m     owiwi' ^pw ^^^^pw ^^^^^p ■^^^m ^^^.-^.^w^.^^^
^9^^^M    mib Caba    99^.^9—^^^J^^jm    ^^j-u   bLa   —_^**^*~__£._A    ■•mfc^Jfc   Jfev
MM tbttlj tmtt>tMt.t of Utm fttttpt vtt Qt
(he Mtur*l itaady for pwvtatiaf aad N&viaf aS faartioaal (fimdm of ti* body*! SlUr—tfw Um, m*
tt B*y.^_^J9^9    tttwb *,fW   fl^B-vrV  ' ——*.— jii-.T—'.*-,    aL^   -^-.--^^^^KJ—    ^^^^jMlgi^^^^tL^ ^M -^-^^a E-^^-Bjl jLu   -^ -^^-j^^^aj^     *—^*f*£*^**-**-*^fklJ^     aMB^I mmmammmMji*
tno t   ritnt oa«   caniaiBi ma Yaiuaijie txynwavtstn ut vpt i-nm m a portion* apwaowi am wnpiv
torai* aad ttm-ttetf ne^ttA tbttbttmmtbtb hm jmotb-bt ttm tivaa nan wmma ■■• ■■• ttmVHtm
ForMkiaaQlhepriBC^alleiraiaadcaiaiofCaaada. OrdtrabottkT04>AYfaoaiyoardtakr.
rtt$eetm tttt$ aft
i, C ENO, Uoritai "Frail SdT Woifa, London, E^kod
i^JII mm*MJ*t JL dim... t LmJk*Jk * ttt MJPm^ tto 7 tfimmmm^
tatlon of foreign- fodder should tuke
place without hindrance.
■There is only the great German
potato culture which may be a com-
pniisatlon for us, ln the worst of cases,
and oven then a drought, as in 1911,
or a continuous damp season, may deprive -us of this help.
The Baltie Sea
Let us suppose, however, that iiiudH
will keep tonVr-is Germany a neatr&i
attitude, so that trade may bo continued either way; evon tben. It will
be our commerlcal Interest and' a question of life end death to keep the Baltic Sea clear ot foreign hostile *hipn.
The large warships can enter the Baltic Son only by the Great Belt, as the
little Dolt and the Sound are not deep
enough for dreadnoughts. The canal
between the North Sea and the Baltic
la sufficient, and fortunately, Ils
widening Is now going on, but it will
uot bo ready before the end of 10H.
If the German fleet succeeds In keep-
In it Uie Baltic 8ea clear, all the Ger*
man Baltie -porta and oven Hamburg
will remain ojieii, and Uu»»ia will send
ua our supplies of corn end fodder.
It it the more Important to utilise
navigation, that we cannot foresee
Alome would com* the necessary rail*
way carriages, Already in autumn wo
are in n-aed of railway cartlages or
rant. How could we tben tr*u»port
our hog* amount of goods into fotfign
countries if the wtr department takes
for a long lime til tke available car-
naget for the military traneporta to-
! wwrrts the -weat?
The tafwrlenee of tht Fast
Merely a few dtya age tke preae
pukltshed tbn ntwi that tkt dostm of
tkt DtudtBtllta ktd * rtty tad lafla*
toe* on -Mr tvpaittt oi eors ana too-
dtr. Tkt trtlelt wm at tolltwt:
"Manhelm, April 10. l»l J.~Tka block-
tAo ot ttm Dardtntllet at« tkt Oer-
bmm com trade. Tkt dirtetloa of tkt
Rxchamte of tht ■Prodwta of -Mtnhelm
ttat today Um toUowtac reatttt to tkt
forttga oKlct: Dy tkt oloalaa of tbt
UtrdnwiHti. tkt toototaetl ttttitttt
tf ttt OtfiMa trait tit rtry wrletly
tlmtitted. Oormmtt bt
grata tt tot Mrfflettat. oar
oa flMrtifk laatuvtttlm at tkti
wfcta tkt prtctt 'ait ttaftf tad «k#a
tlw ^ottUctl* rtltttfam la domklhil. it t
very Important mtl tar, Wt fitve tt
toot • tMtt tototr H aH tar lattrtttt
,**.     99.999m9.9t     IA.     9ttgm^t^g^     -9,      g9mf,    ^999^
m ^*p     *^|wf aiFtm^^rm     m^wm    m^^wt^nmmtn^erwe    ■'^^i    ^ap*^    wa^mt^i
oav%hlage"of us in- case ol' warTthrouglf
her ports not being .blockaded. But
there is not the least doubt that she
will tax to the utmost the patriotism,
the devotion and the intellectual powers of the German people.
Needs an Economical -General 8Uff
When I think of tbat extremely com*
plicated economical sltuat'on, I roust
aay that -the (permanent Institution of
an economical goneral staff seems to
ine as needful aa that of military one.
■Battleships are built to sink the people's money and ultimately to ke -aunie
so thkt there -may he a reasoa for
building more battleships.
Beware uf Ointments for Catarrh
That Contain Mercury
m mercury will rarely itentroy th« mm** at ua«ll
and c-omplelply Heriam tbe wbple nnlam when
vnterliif * It tbruusb tbe mucous mrta-CM, ■* Sueli
krtti-ltw »bould ntiti-t lw uw>d except on urem^lii-
i Hub* from M-paUblK iibjmklaiw. m tb« lUmigi
tbr/ Till da l» Un fold ta Ui* mod you Hm pu»-
»lbtr derlro two, lh(». IU11'» Cnurrti Cimv
mt-ADfietuifrd by r. 1. CbHtey * Cki.,.Tol»nl*. O.,
ronttlu* no mcrcwr, «nd w tafcrn lntt-rutUr,
■etlug dttvctly upim tht- WtnA ind dhjkmu mv
facet or tlw *t*t*tttt. In bnylac Hall'* CtU-rh
Cure be nir* jou tet tlm cenalor. It U tatrs
Intvnully and mad* In Tnlwfct, Obl*. br 1\ J.
fbrnry * Co,   TmttmonUU trt**.
Sold by DraggUti.   rrlc», T3c ptt b»UI*.
Tuko Uall't Fablly nil* for eosittDtUos.
Who is
O you ever consider
the importance of
the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
*4U«4'3tk»>   iiit.-   *.%*y^,U6   wv    t*4l*>A     ,*
leafy to HVe tho ntctattry awttettTtJ
If you want really high
Ha«« nWnfinor..fli^ |r?nd
we always produce-try
us with your next order
tmm n. mt^fkt oa-
nr* tnbmt by 'tbm ttbttmtm ■ti tbm
■HNrVa dBPrW Wh   Www-mm*lmHH^nWw ffW
~>9i9^»9m9^n*9m9m»m*.mi^tm*9~9mi,**».  .y, ,^-^m
J** ffistnet Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B. C.
■* «3li'?
tA'-M': /
Skates, Sticks, Pucks
Ankle Supports etc.
Rocks and Brooms
Best'quality only
•   In great variety. .
Hardware  and  Furniture
.    .'Phone 37
F£RNlE    -     B. C.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
. Liniment
A. Macnell
8. Banwell
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Ete.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meat to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
tomorrow's  break*
ages for
Galpy Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood Street
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie. B, C.
By 3. J. Rutledge
We Are Ready to Scratch
,>f; you- bill any item of lumber aot
'ound .just aa we represented.  There
is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
' When you vsatt spruce we do not,
.lend you hemlock. "When you buj
first-class lumber we don't Blip lo a
lot ot culls. Those who buy once from
us alwaya come again. Those who
«mve not yet made our acquaintance
ire taking chances they wouldn't a*
.No feature of coal mining is more
important .than proper ventilation at
the face, -for on it the safety and
health of the -miner depends. Moreover, every man in a njine has -a direct
imarest in its -proper ventilation, and
in case the mine is gaseous Ms life, as
well as-the lives of all other men in
the mine, may be lost if poor ventilation permits inflammable gas to col-
le-et lh the workings. It is the duty,
therefore, of everyone in a mine to
see ttot tie ventilation is always
After air enters a mine the 'breathing of men and animals, the burning
of lanrips, the decay of mine timbers,
and the firing of shots taikc oxygen
from the air .and add carbon dioxide
to lt, but In well-ventilated mines
iio changes caused in these ways are
very, small. Much more important
changes, are those caused -by oxygen
being taken from the air-by the coal,
and iby gases from ahe coal, the roof,
or the floor being added to' the air.
Tlie -most■■>Important gas given off in
many mines is methane, or marsh gas,
which most miners call "gas."
In 100 cubic feet of ordinary normal
air there are 79 cubic fee it of a gas
called .nitrogen, which will pot support
life', nearly 21 cubic feet ef another
sa.s called oxygen, wliich does support,
life, and about 0.03 cubic foot of a suffocating gas called carbon dioxide. ' '
When an ex-plosion takes place in
a mine the proportion of oxygen iu the
ni-liieair is greatly reduced, that of
carbon dtpxlde is increased,, carbon
monoxide, a very poisonous gas, is usually formed, and the -pro-port'.on of
nitrogen may be Increased or decreased. The resulting .mixture of gases
Ih caMed afterdamp.
The most efficient ventilating, system for a -mine is the one that, .with
the least velocity through t.ie main
air courses, furnishes at the working
faces & current containing almost as
much oxygen (over 19 ,per cent.) as
normal air, very little carbon dioxide
and methane (gasl, And' no carbon
monoxide. An efficient ventilating system must supply fresh air enough for'all tie men and stock in the
mine, -and must dilute; render harmless, and quickly remove all dangerous
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
—* Dealere In —
Lumber, Lath, 8hlrigles, Sash and
Ooora. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—MoPherson ave.
Opposite 0. N. Depot P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
.akes place, they will serve as a safety valve and keep the fan from being
damaged. The merits of this arrangement, -have 'been proved in explosions
at several mines.
'Study tlie working of different stylo*
of recording -pressure and- water gauges and -see 'that the fan is equipped
with a good recording gauge. By observing the gauge before going into
the mine- you will learn whether during die preceding shift there were bad
falls in tae air courses, or short circuits of air. Palls increase the -water-
gauge you will know, before the men
enter the an-ine, what to expect, and
can .prepare to remove the danger at
once. In -addition to the dally inspection you -should inspect all airways
and escape ways at least once each
■If your mine (begins to make gus in
dangerous "quantities, the quantity of
air circulating through the mine workings niust 'be increased in order to
('iliite und render harmless the gas
and to remove it promptly. from the
If the mine has some system of humidifying the. mine air In order to wet
the coal dust on the mine roadways,
see that this system is always In goad
conditiou -and doing its work properly.
Airways should have as large a
cross-section as is * practicable, and
dirt or slate should not be permitted
to' accumulate In them. Falls should
he removed as soon as discovered. To
fa'cllita'ie the prompt cleaning of main
airways-, t-hey should have track in
them, xo that cars, can be taken in
and fulls loaded as quickly as possible,
ljoading out material is better than
piling it along tho sides of an airway.
Remember that falls or obstructions In
the air courses reduce the quantity of
light- the gas and be burned; .possibly
a general explosion will result. The
gas can usually be removed iby hanging canvas curtains across the entry
and forcing all the air passing along
the cros3 entry up into the room and
then carrying rt j;ne brattice .up the
middle of the room nearly to the face.
To do this may take some time, but
such work must often be dene if the
gas is to be driven cut so .that the
In order that each entry or each sec   men c:m  work in safety.      No open
tion of the -mine may have fresh air,
you should split the air current—that
is, -pass ue fresh or intake air into tba
working places in a certain entry or
district and lead the return air from
this entry or district, usually by means
of overcasts, "directly into the main
return of the mine. Uy this system
each dist.-fet has its own air and' ibtf
men working ,in it are not compelled
to -breathe air that has been breathed
by men in another district or entry.
The gases are diluted and swept away
promptly aud are carried out of the
mine .before they have formed dangerous mixtures wlii the air. However,
you should not split the air current
too much; there Is a limit beyond
which.you should not go, or each split
will havo too low a velocity and will
not quickly move tlie gas nor dilute
it enough lo rem'or it harmless. A
tiiirei. i must have a velocity of at least
100 feet per minute In order to move
gas properly. If each pair of entries
has its own air h-plfs, then any disturbance to the ventilation, such as often
occurs In m-lnes from fires, windy and
blown-out shots, and gas and dust
explosions, may bo confined to the
entry or section In which it originates,
and may not extend to nor affect the
rest of the 'mine, .provided, of course,
the explosion is not so violent as to
destroy the doors and overcasts there.
When pillars are being drawn the
root' Is apt, to break suddenly and an
outburst of gas may follow, lias is
difficult to remove in pillar workings,
as the. ventilating current does not
liave easy access to it.' but conditions
iMii-be impioved. by lino- brattices.' lu
gaseous mines only"' closed lights
should >be used for pillar work, and
no one wearing an open light should
air passing In a given time. Large i be allowed to enter the district where
airways and slow-moving but ample j the pillars are being drawn. Some-
currents are better than narrow air-• times accumulations of gas ln pillar
ways and -air currents moving so fast workings can be removed onJf -by
that they stir up und carry coal dust, i means of .bore holes to tlie surface.
Tbe air should he so split that any | Instructions  for   Fire   Boss  or   Mine
Directory of Fraternal
lights should'be permit.ed in the emry
or district in which the gas occurs
while the gas is being brushed cut,
and no lights of any kind, not even a
safety lamp, s-hould be on the return
side of the curtain, or line brattice,
at any time, as they may ignitj an
explosive mixture of gas ,md air, causing an explosion. Do not permit men
to work in an entry on which there are
old rooms or working rooms that contain staiid-liig gas, even if they are
fenced off, for the gas is apt to be
driven on the liglu; of the men at any
If you "dead line" a place in    the
mine, be sure to note tliat fact In tho j
mine report hook an-d on the bulletin'
board at the .mouth of the mine.        ,
If there Is a large volume of stand- j
Ing gas ,ln any part of a mine it is!
best to remove every person from that j
;iart of the mine or from the whole |
nvine, if it is dusty and there Is. much I
gas, until the place -is i-ntlroly fieej
of gas, ;
Some great disasters have happen-1
ed because gus was moved out of |
places on to naked lights.-- As a rule,
inflammable gas In a split can. be
quickly removed b> shutting the ro-
uniti tors in other splits, if they are frco
from gas, and thus reducing the vol-!
nine of air passing through them jiml
opening wider the regulator in the
split w-liore the gas is found, mid thus
Increasing the" volume bf nlr passing
jirough that splft. But In doing this
he sure ilia; no open lights are In the
split, especially on tho return side.of
the gas. K is safest to remove all
persons from the gaseous district
while the gas is being removed.-—The
Science and An of Mining.
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Noble Grand, J. Pearson
Secretary, J. iMcNicholas,
meets first and third
Thursdays in month, at 8 p.
m., in K. P. Hall.
Xoble   Orand—A.   Biggs
R. Sec—Sister Price
Meet at Aiello's Hull second and third Mondays la
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Dry Goods, (irocerles, Boots and
, Shoes. Rents' FurnlsblnR*
Oar Kiipplled with the best Wlnea
. Liquor* nnd Clgaiv
Be sure that the engineer or fireman
keeps the ventilating Can running at
its regular speed' all the time. The
fan should run 21 hours a day, whether
men are In the .mine or not -There Is
noways a -chance that gas may accumulate l'r the fan Is idle while tho men
nre out ot the mine. If the fan is
driven by steam, do not -permit the
engineer or fireman to allow the steam
pressure to become low so that the
hn slackens »iK>ed while the men are
In the mine. If the fan Is driven by
el-wtrleli/. see that lhe current Is not
reduced nor sti-ut off whlli* men are
uii-dernrotind-C If the current must be
shut off. the men should be withdrawn,,
It Is well to liave the fan motor on a
separate line so that the motor will
not bo affpeud toy n short circuit on
aiiy other machine.
In the purchase of supplies for the
voiitllfltlng system be as liberal as
po-falble, while exercising proper economy. If tlif* for-pmnn f>r mln-s manager raincst* canvas for curtains, wood
for doors, or material for sto-pplwti.
rest assured that ho needs It or he
gas liberated will be .promptly diluted
with fresh air and thus made harmless, and then removed from the mine
In mines using door.-- there is always
« .possibility of the air cm rent being
short-circuited ,by a door left open. To
Insure doors .being closed, they should
■be, -liiaue eeirciesinl by means Or
weights, and it is also advisable to
have at the mouths of cross entries
two doors set far enough apart to
permit the longest trip to stand, between the doors when they are closed,
This will insure that one door will
bo closed when the other one is open-
p.! for the passage of the trip.
All i-;G:i!)tii£<4 and overcasts should
ue made of luiu-lnflanuiiiiblu material,
and the b|i>s should be cut Into tlio
so'ld co.rl at loust U Inches: the etv.lre
stopping or overcast should be made
ns nearly air-tight ns possible.
In driving untiles and rooms, all
crosscuts and .break'throus/h* should
ho -closed by good stopping* as soon
as a new crosscut or br«>ak-tliroiish Ik
opened. 'Special attention should be
slven tho tightness and strength of
stoppings between the main and the
return' nlr course. Crosscuts and
!ireak-tlirough» ni-sould be the full
height of the bed Iti order to permit
fwe pnswjte of -Mir."    A supply of ciir-
Take only your safety-lamp with you
when you g-o on your rounds, and carry
•!'.) ma-lcius in our clothing. Wear a
hat or caji that has no means of carrying ii miner's open light, so that you
will not be tempted to wear such a
lamp on your head. Even In an open-
open light on inspection. There is
always danger that you may walk into
dangerous .places with the naked light
on your head,'and in this way light
the ga* nnd cause >ourself aud perhaps others to he burntd. If you
iifue no open light, you will not he
blamed for carrying one If an accident happens-while you ur<> testing Sin
Do not test for gns with the high
flume of the safety-lamp, hut turn :he
nick down until only the blue part of
the Namo shows. With a low
you will iio able to detect thiol' sm ill quuiitities of lui'lamma
and will not be lefiipicd to do youi
work too hurriedly. -"Xever.do your
work hastily: tako thnn euiifth to t*n-
>ii;ro that yonr tcK« -In complete. .\-
soon as you have examined a place,
mnrk It ao thnt thn miner will know
when ho comes to work thut you have
been there before bim, have tested
for g:i8, timl 1'fivc Inspected the   roof
"War is only a minor evil," shouts
a jingo. True enough. 'Private control of Industry is far worse and is the
prime cause of war.
Perhaps the reason  President Wil-  ■ ^
son kpeke so sharply to Kngland was - .-fj
because the copper ships searched be
longed to John 1).
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Vic
tori a Avian-
C. C, J. Comb?.
K or s., U. .i. tsiai'K.
M. of F., Jas. Maddlson.
Meets   every   Monday   at
"7:'St)p. m„ in K. of P. Hall.     -
dictator, K. H.'"Newnham.
'Secretary*, *G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
\V. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodgo 1713. Meet
at the K P. Hall first and
third Fridav evening of each
month at 7.30, Visiting brethr
ren cordially invited.
R. CRlOHTO.V, \V. M.
J. SHILLING. Hec. Sec.
j;      Gloved Hands Pick
|||f Seedless, Tree-Ripened
M       "Sunkist" Oranges
■•■''#1* *■■
••< -* S<
'WS-* L
iw flame '•;*fi*.t'-iM
presence ! * V»t/jL
able iiaa, i    \vA**»flS
.A'*!, t'fll   This delightful fruit.whfchcomesmthe
»aln. material, ns well as mtterlals for land fide*.   After 'you have compl.-ited
building stOfH>lnjt«, should always beiy-vir i-vjuiiluatlou of tlio initio or Ui<
kept In tho mine no that It will io nt
would not ask for It.    If he docs not hand In time of disaster.
Deufnwt Cannot Be Cured
,ij- 1 *»l iwlkttiMt-t. m Un-ir c*»n»i nmti lfc»
•Uw-sh*^! |«HIuh wf Ite' tmt, Tfcrtv to «•*{»'.«•»
t,ftn.*tn'iif*tan;»u4 0**H*-bf mMMItiitfc**;
.1 tvwr-iW*. n**fMr-M I* ******* by *» ii*n*m*t
.. «:u*u, ,4 ii« m*9..Mt Hulas ut ik iamccMm
Tub-. Wbm Iblt Ottm t* IhlUw-t f«» W; •
mmbllnf "-"•Ml wr l«»i»*f#tt hmtl**. *** am*a
-■* luilMMl;
a i-.-9it.it* x» iiit >u.nu.,*i(4
■tilun «*■ If t*t*n_mi, ***
thi. fnlv t**tm*0 *>» In mmtitt rnmUttei, bra*
l«t •111 l» **f»-wr«l fnwttrj Hln* eta** am at
*■ t«t»«*w« tmmntXim*t Jto imwmm mtma*.
.. ...   mtmmi
a Oa* U**4i**\ IMtat* tta **v ft*
nt tatnrm ittmt e*m*4 U
til V*f.   0**4 tt* tlrm
r. j. -niBXRT * ca, tm*» a.
tt tamtam.   , . -„   .-r_...
;ir.''l t>i Iter* tSaitnk Vw,
tmt, ttyt.
**U if »'nu*i*t«, .
TM* iun famib nn* far -mMI-wI**
Feriiie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
BotUtd Goods i SpKiity
ml the supplle* lie needs, and the ventilation ts not •• Rood as It should be,
j the Inspecior and the miner* hold him
j alone responatble.
j In cold weather the air or escape
; shaft should be carefully wstrhed to
jsce imt It doe* not Ix-eotm choked
with lee, Mamies of ke In the air
! shaft will prevent the free pawwge of
j nlr and may greatly reduce orlentlrely
' ",\- lift tt-.<- >-'•<!ut'-VvHs-.g fui-m-r.t eft t\W,
f meant miy be stmt to pf*h<»»t the 'n ■•■«*' or 'it v-n »*'«*n to'-ntt" and n\*n
Ivtlto air and tlm* ki^ji lee front form- '»t the fo«( «f iln* afim»t «r In tlm
] Ins Ih the air shaft. ; main return at 1**:»*»t onc«> «'.n'ii -*••• i-
It Is a -food plan to hav* n plan otbttd word tbe llutrt* in th« mi in- re-
the min*, sho«lti« iho eoerm ot thn ] i-ori -hook.    Alto memm the current
vi'iti],itl!i« tuirciit, burnt ou n hoard lu thi> la*l noikiua pi-if oi * u!i i,i!K
wi ItH" turfaf* n«ir t** »!»# mwrth
1 **li*re t*t<e mlnen. <-aa m* it and l-twrw
i!i-trlct ■ HHSlBIM'll    ti|    j-tm,    go    to    tll«!
entrance of the mine and record the
results of your r-xHUtiuittloii In « hook ;
hivpi thi'ri' fur tlitit pnriiasc. \
\vi«'ti«r^»T ymt find a door ojwn isi j
Die mmil'i «f a  crona i»r butt  ontry '
ycu should, as a rulw, elosi* It at on*i*.
HouiMtSiiittt. lioweviT, you should u<>:
cl0*« such u door without caii'tnl in-
vi-stlxatloti.     For i»xainpl»», you an»;
m.itclnt! vnur romntsi i>«rly l» t*»i» innm*
List of Locals District 18
Itooms or working place* being
worked "to thi" rise" ahould all be
tentllitti'tl by r!m !s known a* "ns
cciiflon ventilation'*; that Is, the fre-'li
or intake air, which t« usually the hei-
vies), slioiil.! ko first to the lowest
.vorlilnR* and the return air ko up the
dip «r "to thw rt»e." tn winter, wh«n
nitiic explosions um most likely to oc-
jciir, the return air being warmer and! iim In a inl"n« which Is worked an the
Jl'-afrU'r Uv.ui tV.«" .'rttAkr mit, •nil'. s'.i-.'^'.V***!  ...,-'* o-um tl-ja'tAuvuUt   *>*.«*',
li!nck-<tanip or flri'damp will accumu- nnd thus ln<l^» to cloar nan trom i»lsic-»Ki mid flnil i* tkmr tnmi nt thi» motilh «l
1'ite In tbe ■mttt^ worklntn.   IM«««t««t« I t'j* thr »l'.n '«» , rom or ^'»l* oi,»ry.     l»> ntr r-S" -» "
•'xptotlons hav*   r»*uli>d   from   l<*J    MM»'tt*> th-r ipvRtlty or air coml«itj alihout fir*: finding out wtteib*•? w)
i-hoklnt Uie Intake shaft.     KKhaunt i into the roii:-»» a; t'*.e foot cf tln> dawn- j i-at t-ht-i* are own nt work In Hi* ♦ ?st; >
■!!ii! t»*prtia11y t.tar lit fair.
Xetrr iwinif mi'Ji to ten Into -><•, v*
f!!!iwl wit It MtandltiK m» or A',:er* ibvu*
in ri',i*«j|i tn WH-wyi? that mn la ;•-'<■•*'
tint in dfiiiKerou* i|iiantlti«t*     v*t***
(llli,   IH-I lli   ,.t  HiH.l  l|!»lli<i»,  UK ll.'   If
to wtiti*" p>«ri» that *ftioitt!i air i*nfht*{-'ttnai>*r *Vn *-|*»*eif|**-f by J**st" l:r-i >»',
tb* im-pw.     If jou lind tHt tii*> ■»■»»«■.':* ■ "><->   lw <ii  i*u*i*^»ii. whotttf-r .»   »'?»").«■■!»'
(]th*» -wwrw!* of the currrnu. no thai »f j latli* In «li»ft»«it»t» in »w> part of sh#( r;s|* uliee.i wrm* Wte ftiftaiin* t<- *'«*•
'In tit* nr expleeton twewr* th»y wlH| mltn» or In thw entire mine, do not hwrt-i Mifklnt li.ut-e, » win- Mod tiero** Vn !
' I knew tbe mt*m dlrwtteo   to   take, -j t»i» t«» aitfldnw th* men tmm tnnt i rM-dway. or s'ltiitlj  eh,»lk mir;;* rt.
i. Mnny mtmr* who imve Jwrt tk»*r Hv***- purl of th»> mt-'-u nr trim *tt tft** m'-u-   rt'tt^ln kfnl.     it:: a*it* ea ;»!ij   s    -.* t.,».
|l« wlite tit*e nM mmtl et|k«kNl«^! ft «*t>!y h mtb inlam >hnt eeri^m] $lhw «»)o»«>  to  na ,*r' ii.;ir!*.'-it  .'it'.
valuable premium -bringing wrappers,
is all picked, when ripe, with gloves!
Each orange is perfect. Otherwise it would
be rejected and sold as a "second'*—not ns a
first-quality "SuukJst." .
"Sunkist" .are the prise oranges of liest
groves in California.
Seedless, Sound and Solid u.^^
Deliclously juicy—ao seeds—firm nnd perfect. Sweet aa only
Itrcriptnat oranges tan bo.   Yet they cost no more than
oranges of less quality.
Insist on Valuable "Sunkist" Wrappers
nij     Vou are sure oi getting the genuine when yuu Insist on th*
valuable \vrapperroarked''Hunkist"whiclj covers every orange,
Thousands of enterpritlng housewives now furnish thefr
HMvlnsf the wrappers nnd wwdlnft to nt with stamps or money
order to partly pay cost, packing, etc.
"SwOttst" Lemons of Same Hi*h Quality
'i fiin-s-,'i-;ii'.-.l, en.-; inuy unJ c;n-li <.„iii«m hi ii v.iluuolo • Kunkist"
wrapper, t-k-/ go further thun win r h muni nod cost oo more tU-ia
tiie ordinary.   R-rcfre *bo-;tlet tree upon rcqucit.
Get Tltis Splendid Rogers' Oraafte Spooa
i* \       *'*'l", 'J "S:ink!M" oruflgw nr tmtm wtipperi, «r tf»<1* in»rk« cut from wrspptn,
\.* i'.i *■'• *•"*'• '3*r:,'" «*•»->"» U< t«helppsytlnrpe*.p«t\1ttg,etc.,udn
' Jn *    wiil "'"', y"" t^'* a*""'*** K'-W'*" >"ivi-f 'ranRB iptKtn. In rcmitlinc. ph-a*r,^i,l,a*ti
• >fll.-f, f«jlll -. .'-UM!   ft  iMIlfc Jl Jil
• 14 "Straklal" Premiums
S.od lor lallA.icrlp', ,n. ri--iit*f «-l mr*ev*t* tnd *mn«Bt
oIi»i-( nvt. .•..„; iu fc.jt ure t*Ln urlkle.
T.W»K-»M« CIM'.Kalt.-
TsM* r«j*       b**m*o***,
u**.*ri Be**n    CtRce Ss***        , ....
'«.*»***,. T*kt**0*m* tmtl*r Mtnntta 4rt
;V'>-   California Fruit Qrowers'Excbaulo -*'
tOS Km At^tatl, ttm*r Ciwch31.
nounU atfcivc '5k-, -»• pf»(«r (UtUl not., muwri
f tit mr*w*r* nm *mn«Bt
■turn ttm ii urlU-le,
Sals4 r*i* 0r*«O Inn
J wmM bite not mt In wfefy had they
j taken « dtreeltoii U»at would hari* ki»pt
Me. Hn*m mm. m41.0>, Mmtm
■mt* o,,w-,*,l ft m-hamUm*  tta*,1t***i**1   It**
4*1 'ftftm from  J. ijMMrtirta Hearer feeett vie PinctH.t nttn
4S1 -mbrtm. i.meo IMrk*. Bes tf, llMtenie. Alta.
HIS BUtrwoi*.  Wm. Artbrr. ntalrawne. Alu
M» fiwaue -*.« #.«'I'. t*. IfcaifM* i'nmkmtk Akn
Its? (arbwdale. -.J- MI«eh»U. C*r*bo«4el*. Gotmmo, Alt*.
IWtt Vetmmr*  Mk'hiwS tA'wnmw. Vmeieer*. Abe
t«5 C«1t«Mii.   .............■» J<*«iWB. t*ote»ee AItt     '
Ott tomb,......- - It OsrWtt. CMMa. B.C.
ItJi. Cblaook Mlaet P. SfaBttoa, Chinook MIbis, fommm*, Alt.
BU r-erale..., ,,..T&on rphtn. remit, B. C". ,
tsts -mak Km. ytonm: Vmnk. Aim
test HHk»%et..».. Mark Mtftr. llUkrwt. AIU
(,,« t**)tloi\At* ." Mmwi-*-, r. l; Ann. iirb-M, .*. ttttbbtit-§t
Hit t-MVtmtn Cemerttm.-.jrnib Ksrtrtacbam. r-aaltwrat Aba.
t*Jt M«t>»* Umt ..,..;, t. hamtm. ranetmm. Alu.
ftn * SHWNmI* ...... .......... Weaafa laii* juaasif m %f.
tm VmOtrnt          T. O, ll»ffi«i, ftMSwif, AHa.
t*h% Teller...--....'* ••*- 'PWawaaa.Tatar. Alt*.
%m i i-ortrowx Cnnmom..Mnt tt-utim. n«onetom. Oaavara. -AHa
li-*; imt*t-% M'latf ....... -Jen. fit mtbtt, Sertam. via ttmtcy Maaa»aia
ttim ,"Mt--i:t-rii sir*'- 'mi'thiii'*-** ,**ii:tb-.l.t,l'at*<*, utui tu-irr i-uUt su-it   ,■■','■■:•■>*.
in eoal min-ra not #utajwt ti *^an-. )!«itr*flf tiniest yoa luxe at* *tr i >i.'<*'*!
th*t» from ao'lti-*. mt Ht# r«(*ii«- »•!*!» «< '.luft-w-it fli'tcx M  I* y,f»t>mM^i  tw»i, to      o-j luv^i- t * **,4 *.v Ur *nli. .   i
thr flrv or of tbr •r^kMl-M. aad kmit I teittjtat* old *ork«««s hv an air r«ir i    vunr a olnt** nt **. hv **,***", «.' ■
***** tttttl itt* ima** **ew»*w» tmm tL. rem. K*n**r.*t. ta* tww .     Tb* «-ir  Kf -n-ml n;iuir rnrr.ui. •)» i-<i   >  *  ».
,'..- ii  ,*.*'* .ti i* mu.-- **^%whMt *Mi* Ui* * iif* t-J»u»M ut. AiMAcM -u »*««# lt-*»t-» , Htfttaft UM! »*•» mtl by Uiti«*»« '*-'■- > ■■-'* ,
in-oi* r v-mao* «o take ia motet to *u» j ti»i***»»i t>«* m4, m tbey auy awifca coat, «r a cMt», or by -wwfnit; <i -"»-»il:
nt* ■titttm *title -1%-fl nth* tiitri-t *-f -(<iih#ii*s'"■*>-    »w x-i- -fie-"^-c* i,>- * ?-m-»i?,.i-i *fr«*y.'Jk *f alf trow 5li« alf Km, *,   *, ..'.
. e t'tm cf aeelilewt.     Wwirtbto- acrt-jlf «be oM «orki'ii» tn* rmijrhb *m. ffiog,» atta<?n>' %> tb* afr !! ••      v,.-
tti»nt i va-a V fori *i est. «ad tbe men) ;,»• 1 t-tt, 1*11 *•«• i* s.»t *" 1 <• lf*lfiit<':   ut*'  **<.»'r '.'.'>'   b-i*    u   ,      • *■  "
1   .* ■«• ■*#*«••* aw* %m om tm *aa» aaai**** *"*•" s*» I***— ta* mu aaa wtmt, »l ******* *m mete •«-»• tno at tn*t *~-* '■'*•* -
(!»<*#» rittit.     Anth traiKinf nmM»J | trnbtt, Um4 to an wt^oatttii.     Al««,)f t «»l fc» tl/* to »«rk *r ■     * •- * 1 •■>
; tm i'.ttm Wat easal ta • r*«*»t tin**-; 'ber* I* alaajs lb* tttnne* «f in-flum-' ib*t* »* on    ■ *m*tt •niew** t't> r« ' *'
' tm. l-tewM*   g»*   i*!b*>rfat   la   *'nnn*rma! rfunvar ff a-irtr* 1 d>t»* *%,'bw1in
I   Tie faa tbft-nld at* te p\Mt4 atar!*ri**vB?»« :« all woflttasa ab-r.-t H»y!    t*a>  imii* ala- iiMH-i ,*•, 4 *. *;•
it%r *x»ft or to Into' it ntflti mmmo\nw tbm ott ard tie mimrn any *r-.««-i.» «|r.^ «» \*'.ie* b*\n» .ior1*"   n,\
*'ien1*T to ibe m't*   hot abt-mtit b,* '<■ **••* iTv * -'<   'it* tb* ,-t'i  t'--1t'** *°*A*ii* *«i,*"  *••  ,, **m* ,r:,   ,._,.-, i,»-      •'
intet*4 %tt"ae ttt*. cat iif «*•*,•» tbat I emt mmm *n etntmmm,     Utmm*ttyein*r* mm x'***** *>**1i  tunmi, t»n41\
f.   9 f*  9 -i- *j, ,*.- ,»mtv t t*9 ,f*^,i,,.f  -t1*   '.,*   t/\r ■*   "    '•■    if'*  I*.'1-    - ■   ■ .'•t'-"   'r    "    ■"'••■   ■   '••     ,*      .    *
vi *x»bwiw uk*.M tAnm. hut mu b*y»U not *it^:-.io:,t* t workiun
Don't Buy a
)        **0m*t
in a Bag.
■■■rm*4r tm mam f»M»Ha*>ly af^af tW
iotptemmn. wte* tt am te
^i-A ItVW ^k£j**-^fa{uaiaau       ■*' -~ ■-*- ■ - ■ ■*-        ^nifcifth *mi a'iiteMMLiii* liiiM -^i iBi
- m>     Wbm^mnWIttmWt     WWrnTm*    W'tS^TmWWWmWtWtp*
'  ,%*^*t ■     r,-       -       r ■>»*,'     -       * j*
*   It *m,rttt» tm **ns
xk* air tm tbe teem, A
srarWaca **# iM *»«Ml»liNl tte er.ta  Vu4*r *wt* **eMV*.*,t n%* anil «h*v
oem4-i pttn>*r *tt*t*i*'it* t* ta mntmrnt tk*m teKtmet tm tb* retm  Htpmetnlty nt 1*
Whan you sand money to & mail order house,
you "Buy a pig in a poke." You may not get
what you sand for, as you art always asked to
make "A Second Choke " It goods ara damaged
in transit, thtrt te trouble and at best, an irriut-
ing daisy bi getting mantra straightened out
li vour local merchant -ukttti you to pay for an
article before urea ever saw it, what would vmt
aay? Yet that ia wha^ the mail order howse insists upon. Read the advertisements, set what
you are buying, and spend your money at home.
«toh  «aM   ittt-vtwei  ^aaw-tba* taJfa**-*, %m* perbrnm in 4»i*r*nm* tfrnm-
mli m *te« ttey nm ****• af *!»« ' bt-uaf ?i»i**«-w»f.i -w-*j^»t* ** no,*^ \tt*, apt tr- (WBwl: %;. nmmt    %■%}■
• mltem   *itit I** ^itf-iif *,t f**^tr of ee***  ^***^   i*i*%«**,»»*  ttm -*t*if. #»•*.!»> •t*",*,*^ «*,*,iw» ^»-, f*,, r^,,n* •»•*.■» *   *
' #**i Vm* mmm* mttmmimn, if aa aftertea 1 ■mmAmm-tmn. bgbt wr 0 4efe*fif# wtrj <-■».-■   «*:-.*
ki* t Page EIGHT
nwajiri i Mmmnmamta
Dry Goods Dept.
Towel Special
Pure Linen Huck Towels, niade from a specially
selected flax; a splendid washer and drier,     Size
19 x 36.
Very Special »...., 45c. pair
Embroidery Flouncing, 25c. Yard
This is an exceptional offer. Comes in a very
fine quality; makes very dainty dresses, pinafores,
skirts, ete. A big selection to choose from. Regular U3c. and 40c.
Saturday Special 25c. yard
25 Per Cent.        DISCOUNT        25c. Per Cent.
We are making this special offer on all our knitted wool goods, including ladies and children's Toques, Scarves, Gloves and Mitts, Children's Overalls'
Saturday only 25 per cent, off Regular Price
Child's Flannelette Sleepers
Afade from an extra soft finished flannelette;
extra warm and cozy.   Comes in neat striped -effects.
Saturday Special..-..- 75c. yard
Wc have a new line of House, Dresses in good
fast colors.   All are neatly finished with contrasting materials or embroidery.   Sizes: 16 to 46.
Prices $1.00 to $2.25
Ladies Skirts
10 Black Serge Skirt; made in plain style and
trimmed with buttons; sizes, 23 to 26 waiat.   Sells
regularly for $3.50.
special $2.75
Corset Covers 25c.
Corset Covers made of soft cambric, dainty trimmed with lace edging; size 34 to 44. Regular price,
40c. for 25c.  .
p Children's Rompers
A full line of Children's Rompers in fast colors.
They come in plain blue gingham, striped sere suck-
er. All are neatly finished with white or colored
piping; sizes 2 to 4 years.    Price • 60c. to 95c.
Money Saving Bargains in our
Men's and Boys Department
Men's Pullover sweaters iu navy only, a
sweater suitable for use in the mine. Will
be on sale Saturday at .90c each, this is
our regular $1.50 Pullover, all sizes in
stock from 36 to 44.
These sweaters will be on display in our window
All  Boy's Sweaters  Will Be Sold
at a discount of 20 per cent
Boy's Two-piece Suits, double-breasted coats, straight or
bloomer pants, all grades aud
prices, and all sizes, 24 to 34,
will be on sale Saturday at a
discount of 20 per cent.
You oan save money on your
bay's spring suit if you buy
Boys' Odd Pants
We have a great variety of
material in both plain and
bloomer style Pants for boys-
all sizes from 3 years to 16
years, are now in stock.
Our Saturday Price Reduction
will be 20 per cent.
mmmm. tuo.
Mens Shirts
Men's Flannelette Shirts in light colored
stripes; cottars' attached; one pocket; aU size3
in stock 14% to 17%. Our regular $1.25 shjrt
on sale Saturday a* 75c.
Men's Flannel Shirts, made from good quality
English Shirting flannel; will not shrink ,or
fade; in light colored stripes. Made wi-th collars
attached and breast pocket. Sizes 14% to 17%.
Regular value $2.25.    On sale Saturday at $1.60
Our Samples For Spring Suits
Are Here. Make Your Selection
While The Assortment is Good
Mixed Sweet Biscuits, 2 lbs 25
Whole Corn (for chickens) per 100 lbs $2.25
Com Meal, 10 lb. sack ' 40
Hdlbrook's Kippered Herring, per Iin 15
Kootenay Plum Jam, 5 lb. pails 75
Kootenay Gooseberry Jam, 5 lb. pails 75
Macaroni, 10 lb. box 75
Wagstaff's Mincemeat, 5 lb. pail •    .70,
Wagstaff's Marmalade, 5 lb. pail 70
Heinz Pork and Beans, small, 2 for 25
Heinz Pork and Beans, (medium 2 for 35
Holbrook's Mairafat Peas, per pkg 10
Picnic Hams, per lb 14
Lard, 5 lb. pails 75
Sliced Premium Ham, per lb 28
Sliced Premium Bacon, per lb 33
Smoked Bloaters- per lb 10
Smoked Kippers, per lb 12%
Smoked Finnan Haddie, per lb    .12%
Castoria, per bottle  • 25
Seidlitz Powder, perpkg 1ft
Beecflram Pills, per 'box 20
Beef, Iron and Wine, 16 oz •....• 50
Hirid's Honey and Almond Cream, per bottle   .40
White Pine Cough Syrup 16
Lyman's Talcum'Powder regular 25c. size ..    .iB
Lyman's Talcum Powder, regular 35c. swe..    ,29
Gin Pills :s.    .40
Fruitatives ■      *$ i
Peps* • fS
Horlick's Malted Milk, regular $1.00 .$5*;
Tan Calf Blucher and Button Boots at Cost Price
We have some twenty pairs of this same line left
to clear out at the remarka'ble low price of $3.90
a pair. Don't overlook this opportunity of procuring for yourself a pair of these; extra special value.
All sizes from 5 to 10.
See Bargain Counter in Men's Shoe Department for
These lines
The Store of
Money Saving Prices
Arthur L*8ueur, Dean of th« Law
The Great Charter, forced from Ktng
John at Runnymede, Juno 10, Vili,, in
commonly understood to be the foundation of English liberties and in one
-sense thin Ir time. There Ib, however, a jwo-foutort nud fundnmcntnl distinction between wliai that charter
meant to the English people nM what
thn same principle* enacted Into -constitutions mean ln the United State*;
thai Ir to aay In ita effect upon the
Ideas ot liberty of the people ln the
separate countries.
The following brief argument should
•be of intermit to all reader* -but it U
<propared -primarily for the purpose ->f
givhig to Uie tew students ot The Poo-
pie* Collec« n true conception of thia
difference »i It haa a fundamental
bearing on law and government tn relation to tho people ua; tiA:u thc
law* and government hold away. It
■met b* remttnlberei In this footiee*
tttm that the bnt* existence of a piece
of pepor -has nothing » do with the
atftaMlshment or real liberty except
aa tho paper •vMen-e** a belief In prln-
olpl**,*ad tban tend* to give the mind
of tho etodeat a bent in the direction
of that principle.
Al Ibe time tbe (')uil.r wah a<«u«d
by King latin hia conscience* won
pricked nohor br thi- Innre point* of
tto baroni than by any roiuclons recti-
toda on hia part The principles em-
tmitet tn tho tiharter had -been tke
«*tablleb*>i |*w lw many yesr*. Tbe
raters had ignored, bowotet, the et.
latino- of the law md li.nl tloUiud in
provision* and the it-affirmation of
tbm Charter by Kto« Jo-tan wm iwerelj
n mUhwr proml** mi hi« mn that In
Um -Mara fco would abld* the author!-
ly nt Umm* «•«». .****» t.u»r tuuatti ,i
bo -OV*rlook«d, n* many of uur Mtid#at*
lute inii*.4 'rn the* nmnorn an qmn*
UOB* oa tlw Introduction, that moat of
-Um 6M*fkiai proi/labm* mi M* i'hat-
tor apply tnot to kna nb*tng* aa awn,
tat tt the tree m*t*r "mMeor aad
"•Oho** dlgBiUrtea" and *o tm, while
btttmf ehowe that a large majority of
4b* f*0|ll *er* aerfa nt thia tlm*. to
tfet Oteet Charter wnn vary far indeed
from iavtttg V<»a ttt. tin-ted: a/, i <t-,*w,
oeiotK doeomsnt gaamt**tng right* ta
btMitta IwUmw j.i *iu7k. It. mmm t&n
, ot tbn mmm ot th* efttfeerati*
i Of Oieet Brftat* to torb tbe «<»i
tit ttm bttt mmm tntnmtn tmm r'aah-
■mm wwOI wPHRr wn, mw
Under the thoory of English government the sovereign or supreme pover
In fto atate, waa vested in the porson
of tho King. Tbe King had previously run' hia government according to hit
will and pleasure. With the eatab-
liahment of the Great Charter aa a
rule of law, a "negative check" wus lm.
-pos-od upon hia sovereign power.
Kvery -provialon ot that charter wis
& "eegatlve check" upon fte arbitrary
power ot tho King. .These "negative
check*" were each a step Ih the direction rt Democracy.
The Great Charter la therefore Jat.r-
ly conceded to be the cornerstone ot
i-^'K'ioh liberty, for later developmenfj
of thia system of government have
greatly extended the "negative che:k»"
upon the aoverelgn ruler.
The Kngliab ruler ia thua today lit Me
more than the figure-head upon the
ibow of the ahip of atate. Ita real rua-
\\y\- ot g'Jiding potttt being that ssi'.r'.t
of Democracy that permeate* the Eng-
;il»h ptople.
With th*overthrow of tta authority
of the Kngliah government In th* American colonlea, a highly democratic
form of novernment wa* eataMiahod
by mean* of tli* "Article* of Confad*
era tion."
Thia colonial government waa not
bailed on tba "uagartve check" kl«*
of th* Kngllah government, bat waa
bated on th* Idea of a aoverelgn pow-
er Mating ia th* separate «olon(M.
Thia nn-ilted In "Artidea of Confed-
oration" for Um ootaniea, wliich bound
th«m tog«»tb«p by mean* ef a central
sort-mw-wii havlug ao authority other
than that con.ferred upon it by tho
Arttaet of Confederation.
Till* iviUaLi.il it»v#ri*i»*uit e-*tm***ll-*l*-
#d bv th* enlonlM «ma temoemt.e ta
a Mati degr**, th* roton!** rewrvtag
m tmvntmiton ***** taa nwnt to r<w»ii
•t any Um**, their r**prta*atitin> to
thtt iolouUl cmtwo.
With the doe* of the lUvolutlottry
v. »r, «»d Xh** addoifaa -of a ooteti!*-
tion. a very dttferwnt atate ef affair*
nm'ihi it la nov dear that tio
framer* of th* Conatltatlon of the- lT»*t-
fd Htate* dfd not Intend by tlmt document to cttaMah tk* Baaliaii "aaga>
| tv* obmb" theory ar goteiaawac It
't-i aim cttar ttot thay -lii tuUa-J to
! mak* gave ra (Mat my tt artaoifty a teal.
It U ulemi; Umm. Ui* "fttiiimtm" l*»U-uU4
M aaak* •ovoramaat by rale af «ba mt*
M^^^om^m  ||^.*^*-*-^*^LjL| Tl^i^^ftjw^ iftflh-A ■H^b-riHB^^I^
nmtnt tan-^mtm^mt.     %r*mm* tmm wmmmm
ttmttf all aveaiviipi pow*i w tttUtt tb
at tfta Wm.    Vwtor ttet
tM aa-taw-ip W« <*r la* v-aatai
ln the voter*. Every "negative cheek"
added to the law* of England, relieved
tho people of arbitrary <-om-ol by the
sovereign to an exactly corresponding
degree. Whilo every added provision to our Constitution curtail* the
right oi the cHlren In an alao exactly
-corresponding degree. Under the
English theory every addition to ata
Clinrter meant an added, liberty gained by the maas agalnat a minority government. Under our theory every added constitutional enactment raeana an
added restriction of tie liberty of the
ma** and an exactly correapondlng enlargement of the arbitrary power of
tha ralnorfay. Kvery enlargement pf
constltuUonal rights in Kngland means
nn approach to Democracy. Every
eiilflrgement ot conatltutional rigfou
in the United Statea mean* an approach to Doapotlsm.
This divtiucUon account* in large
measure for the fact tbat while In Bag-
hsnsl the government hss largely kept
pace with the demands of the people
for an even greater meaaur* of Mberty,
with im th* government Is still far "behind the d«m.s.nds of Itt vltitm* in
that regard.
Oom-par* for Instance Kngland *t:h
Ita nomerotts laws for ft* aasiatanea
of corporative *nterprl*«, tit* United
Mates having none, Kngland with a
vast system of compensation and pan*
aton la-wsj tha United SUtaa having
none until v*ry recently and tlm only
In isolaud stata*. England legalising the boycott, tba strike, aad {Mckat*
Ing; Ui* United SUtn still mMng n
a crlrn* to ua* tha only waamn tba
worker* poas***. Kngland allotting
mnf and frwiuent amendment of iti
bmte law: tke United Statea rnaklag
•uch amvadawnu w*|| nun In^os-
slble, Kagiand malting th* coaita sab-
leet to law; the United Statea ranking
th* court* superior tt law, Tha one
mtiiUm eou/«l»*t«tttty tw neniKwraey;
ih* ether taaklnc -nmalst-sntly for D*»
tout »» aoi ttu uraumMi agMam
coastitatioaal gov*ram*at bat a «*••
Wurimm io Itf-tig oat tb* tH'tiStn tbat
may be corrected. Tba lawyers of
tb* aatioa, aad others tollowtag ibolr
ind, bav* -Own gvttty of a aaivtab vwn-
eratsM of oar forta of gotetaaMat,
eantent aa It tsars, to Uv* fn tgnewae*
of vn* snbatsnee,
Tba tlaa* I* rip* ta tak* aa lav*a*Ky
of oar govatnaasat to tba awl. that
Wbuo K cemfKcts wttt ItuuiAtt wto ft
assy b* tlu«wn aafda^ ftll«Mi*ttt
U-ihuv Uuit &1* ttuky ba 'fut-j iwmomitlii.,
tbat tbeaaaads of sariaas ettlasw aea
tc0*y kbortag. TaaM
JpfnfKfnw   ff   Hi   wMNIa ' Uii
orlty government canajeraiflnenfy subvert goVermnent toftheir own end*
In the face ot an enlightened and educated -public opinion,/ the final arbiter
of all governments, no. matter what
their form.
Thia first *&>!> towards a real advance towards Democracy is the tearing down of foolish veneration for that
-which I* oJd, simply -because it is ok).
The only excuse •wWcb a constitution
can have for existence Is that it may
servo the human race. When It ceases tltls function and *erve» a clan* at
the expense of the mats, it needs a revolution. Tills will shortly be forthcoming In the United States. Whether It will be affected with ballots or
with -bullets, will depend In a large
dogma opon tie speed with which real
education ean b* diffused wnong th*
To crltlolse overy function and power of government la not only the rlgbt
but Ute duty of every lawyer and food
oltlsen.    TO make gov*rnm*nt aad
its functions the servants of tie human race, should -be the high aim ot
every student,of the law. __-■'.--•»*•'
The foregoing article ls taken trom.
"The People's College .News," ot Fort
Scott, Kansas. The writer Is the Dean
of the Law Department and'Vice-Preal-
dont or "The People'* College," an Institution -whose motto is "For Social
Service and Not for Profit." In addU
tion to rosldentlM tuition In lav, com-
morclal courses, correspondence courses are also given at very low rates.
This is a college ot tie -working class
vith two alma—to bring education
within the reach of every man. -woman
and child; to teach from Ute viewpoint of the working class. That these
alms will be faithfully carried out Is
evidenced by the character of Ae advisory aboard, consisting ot tb* follow*
ing: Eugene V. Dob*, Cbas. P. 8tein-
mets, Duncan McDonald, George Allan
England, Georg* R. Kirkpatrick, 3.
SUUWIlaon. John M. Work, Marian
Wharton, Oari IX Tbtmpson.
Mining in China
«Tb* following interesting letter, addressed to tba Bditor of The Se!*ac*
and Art of Mining* Bag* la aaat by
I*, AHInoB, Meatonken. via ' INntlag,
North Oblaa.)
Perhap* tt may lateral! your read-srs
to bav* a fcrtef daaeflptMl of ooal
mining and tb* coaditteaa twtstiag
thereto In OMna,
At th* hwgtnnfnf I may say tb* methods of mining ar* vorr prttMtlva,
4»d at Um prtment mtn ot tnrntomnmot
It to onto te say tbat Cktaa will hav*
conl when the deposits of all otter
count ri** ar* exhststed.
"Johin Ch/tnawaa" la • laaudtev wu*
tal, and wbat bf* fwafatbata tmttbrot
^.eoeyaaas aaa b*balia««a today,  lai
■ G4wmw a Uhta*** eaal aua* tba nxti
Invariably abeoni is la * rooos of lba
\ovti-tf* ixmrn.   Tie »mmi lobntl
en and a eroaa meaaato drtlt set oot
l onmllytU no tmgkeotnboM it Socmen.
ffvfV wm flnnllPH WlUff vi VMMp VI WWKn
If Mil WW!* th09 At Mtpvt Jn^hw.
flH||Lj^ |^^gu|^^||   ^mo te|*t*M    ^gig^jB^^  (Dhl^jaiBA   114
f HV IPJWWTV Vr Wllllt wwwwm oUKmm  l»
wwfi por wKft wfm tfttwi wiywraE
from Td. to mm Bsglteb matMy. Ha
itoan ml teave aay staak uoat ttt &<
ariad; all la eatoMly eavtlai er dra»
gad u» iim mstom -by Ima*. «*k> wa
14 ot Id. for day.
tgais* a wtmmmm •mm* tmm tm^m m*o
iH io i* ia a fbjavMMad
m^mmm^rmem *t*t
Vaotlktlott U not coaaldarad i> be
necessary, aod wban water lo met witb
tba owner ooletly withdraw* Me omo
and walla wtll a neigbboriag Min* lit
a lowor level taps Mi water. 9!e calmly eomneneeo operaUooa again, and
iwllbor tbaafea aer glv** a itooght to
Ms nafOrtonata matebbof- 'wbo   haa
os aw   motmnn wmmtmrnomt   -omsmtrnwewneo p      '^ hw      woo
own otvwn*Q -mn.
•Tbm CMnaown lo novor la a harry*
aad It la aaf* to say tbat bta astod ta
most eierelsod to trying to plek oot
kieky days from unlucky one*, whenever any vwntoiw or project hi eeat*m>
Tb* otttpot, aftw batag oaiafaily
aaMl elMrlr —*t*a t* lo*a*a ibi* Aaja
imi (IwuwiMi^iw WBAk ttttVfittti fat ujtmiinjfti
ro's* far sole. Tile toay bo. Hilt*
away and ttangfe tbers OMty -Ipo a Ml*
way «alt* o*ar a* pretntn to take it
Bt to* dlatriet where laat at ptaasat
llthtg tbm ar* Miy lit of tbnm
^^^^^t tm ^^^j|^^^^^ t ^^^J| ^^g^^j^^g^ntbti^ge w^mm Mm^t±
■MR   VIIOTVp   mWm$   WtKWJbtWB   IVr   1OT
m*M smbtklt   jj^m^M^jn
. Ono man has five or six or more animals ln hie charge, and they Jog along
from morning till night the year round.
In the case of camels a string is tied
from eaeb camel's harness to the following one's nose; should a rear camel
stumble or fall, and tho string htid,
well, (ho poor -boast's nose is torn
On certain days In the yoar the men
do not go to work, but send two of
the eldest employees Into the pit.
These two men Invoice a blessing on
all the "working places, when tiny are
supposed to be .perfectly sate, and on
the morrow work ls resumed. Apart
from those days work Is carried on all
the year round, Sunday bolng as any
other day.
It wlU be seen t-hkt th* native mines
do not make much Impression on the
ooal resources of China. The above
la a deeortpfcon of OMneoe native mining; thero are, however, a number ot
mlnea worked under European man-
atenent, and European oapttai -Sort*
ot theee aro fWriy np4odate, and ara
«v*n eWbowtely equipped with mod-
ens. *ppUfttic«*.
We are at praaent working one aeam
only, tba thlekn*** of wbleb la from T
feet to 10 feet. Th* dip of lhe seam
la usually about 10 degrees, though
at ea* aide of the royalty the dip lt aa
gr-eat sa Si degrees.
The system of working omployod by
oo la tho hold aod OUhur, similar to
tint eesployed tn Ito North ot England,
excepting where the dip Is great, when
tiie Peaaeytvaala   system   of  steep
Oar output tongas trow W0 to lli
tone per day. and seven daya per week.
Oor aorfcoteo aro chiefly employed by
mr Cbl**s* eoatiarterf. wbo previd*
how-m, Wl*r* and drawer*, at a Uno
tonnage rate, Our stiff Is, of eeume,
omployod by ua, aod consists of en-
gLuemanv pumiiHanin-, fitters and ousi-f.
ten. with a awoher af cootloe aa la-
I oafooa, two tnttaaa* omomusi* hi a* I
m min a ion -wmtm imtnon, aoiAtag
aaaam to cone-wrong to htto, aad If
» ttttt -tootrtyttm bt Om attkle yen
retpiiro Is given bnt. yon woy depsnd
oa tfeitlag satlalarfiNtn
aataoat of water to deol w«b;
novoml Modoro oiw sweat ooe gaiwat
per aabrot*, thaagb ~ lo the rahty ato>
■aa theso aujr be aaythlag ap to S.0M
capital, energy, and brains, are absolutely essential to exploit them.
Recently, we hove put down a bor©
hole witb the Sulllvnn diamond boring machine. In boring to a depth, of
1,500 feet five valuable soaroa of coal
wero out through from 3 feet to IS
feot in thickness. The deposits in
this locality are ot a good quality ot
anthracite coal.
; Our property lies In a narrow vaUey.
with hills over 2,000 feet Irlgh on each
side. In the valley the atrata are
very uniform, and our boring shows
vast st.&ta of fine shale with an occasional stratum of grey sandstone.
On tho hill -sides, however, bugo folds
may bo traced on th* barren, precipitous rocks exposed, The fossil chiefly
met ♦Ith underground Is that ot Ute
The climate is a very healthy one,
the aprtnf aad autumn being fceauM-
ly mild. The summer temperator*
may often reach m degrees F., and
the winter aa low as • d*gr*e* F. The
atmosphere is so dry, bowwrer. thai
the extreme heat and oold le quite
bwamWe, in fwt, the wlater ta ittotki-
fully Invigorating. Ths coal mlatog
tadOMry In China baa e*rtaHily a to*
itwoftNg ftflmme, Wn m irtow! tf
nils* oevth of "Pones; tttt a 'ttttetst
rua* to wlt&Ia 2% mila ot oar rt!
torn ie* ttttf tt tbt eeoo. of ttm mb
" ly
fo drov** H
flfce H%bibm htngwufa fit v*»r ttM
ba In Cblan. for rears, he faTartaJbty
hoo a tooohoft oe ho eowstaatly teda
tb*> W to oooofo 10 ooooor.
•fCMaa aro-boom   ~
The above Aet now la a consolidation
and atneadmeat of tho laws hofotafOtw
governing eaoM that come within lu
purview. Witoooaee are entitled to
the following rooMiaetotleet
Rieh day attending trial ....   Tie.
Milt-age travelliNl to attend trial
(en* viv) per mil* ..,,...   lie,
la tbo ease of th* fee for aa inter-
preter, ffjo per diem Is the romunera-
tion. and a like allowance (Or mlleag*
aa Is paid lo wit******.
tntt^jA   fttaimbt/tf*,,, ■$%, ; 'A;*,* , ..9* i    '.:'"'**     . t '    i
■    * -s-f-s.  ..-.-    -.,   0-,«m.,#   ifr mutt*
t;.* Itinflr-aimftt mnri' i-.s'j-i-cyjj■ ia ji«.-
«a*s of ao loten**ter aa it ia arsw^
lootd ttet tm eatable of *ctis« in
tU$ apecial capacity mast po*****
wwsWWfsttww* nttnre t*« nwwwiwi   ****
yet tb* reoNtaevMtOtt te btdow tho aria*
tonno paid to a day laborer.
If jo* favor war, dig a traoeh la
foot look sort, ra it hav «« ef wot-
nt, rtwwt Mn It mut tbty mn tot n
day *r two wttlwu aaythtog to Ml;
get tt lunatic to s&aat at you wUb *
brae* of rovoiwr* ood a ommMoo bob.
aad ynm mm hav* aaastihlsa loot e*
^^m, tmo ftm wm sav* year eooetry
a groat deal of
«*.«,<M».       ....   .-   .-tat*     --tmir-  j,»»#'"''   *j»*t'
■mmnm*"'"" i**-*»V
* *w<y - '4Htum0**mMi


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