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The District Ledger May 22, 1915

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Array •    ;l;? *?W'v|
fndnstrial Unity Is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, tr. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 39, Vol. jm,
Claridge and Worthing
Write From The Front
The many friends and acquaintances-
of "Charlie" Claridge, who waa recently reported in the casualty list as
wounded, will be pleased to learn from
the short letter written from "somewhere on the Oontinong." that he was
fortunate enough to fare as well"as he
<*Ud, considering the frlghtfulness of
the engagement.
" .... I a.m ln hospital, ihavlng
Managed to stop a bullet with my leg.
Am pleased to say that I am going on
une. We were ln an awful battle and
most of th</ Canadians are dead or
wounded, but our boys made a wonderful fight, and believe me the Germans
Knew It; we sure did give them Hell
» Whenever the opportunity dame. We
were sacrificed, however, to their artillery. They had hundreds of guns dn
action for three days, and the whole
battlefield was simply bombarded Incessantly. Hand to hand they are the
greatest cowards on earth. They bay-
onetted our, wounded, also smashed
their heads with rifle butts; but believe me they have to suffer for It
"Our iboys did themselves fine, and I
reel sure that -notwithstanding the
neavy losses our people in Canada will
be right proud of the first contingent.
I think the battle that we went
.through is the German's last attempt
on the French side. iThe fight is still
going on and we are atill holding them,
rn fact the last news to hand waB that
we are beating them back beyond their
original position."
The letter is addressed to his sister,
Mrs. -W. Baker, West Fernie.
King Removes Names of Emperor of
Austria and Kaiser from Order
of Garter
Billy Worthington, under date of
April 30th. writing from the front to
hl3 friend M. Berlgan, says: "Let my
Femle acquaintances know that I am
still in the land of the living, although
for three days and nights sleep was
out ot the question, as the trenches
were being continuously bombarded,
hut whilst the loss among the Canadians was heavy, the toll paid by the
5rffiana-w«B-wn-BJrtrenrely costiyoneT
aa they were slain in heaps at a time.
On the 4th May, writing from a hospital In Southampton, he aaye: Came
out of the big chargo without a scratch
hut two days later a shrapnel shell
came my way, and after getting out ot
the hole found that my right side was
badly sprained, hut, I am getting .on
flno and expact about another "moitfff
from now to bo -hearing the Carman*
shouting "Mercy!" Regards to all the
boys as I cant write to thom allium sincere friend, W. A. Worthington
Remember Saturday, the 22nd, Is
Sock Day. Everyone will have an opportunity to contribute one or more
pair of socks. Let us try to make our
share as large as possible.
Sewing for tho Red Cross will be
continued next week on Tuesday and
Saturday ln tbe basement of Knox
Church, which has been kindly placed
at the disposal of the committee for
this purpose.
At the present there is a large consignment of> articles almost ready .to
be shipped, When the socks have
been collected, the whole shipment will
bo placed on exhibition for the inspection of tlie general public.
Tbe following, donations have 'been
received 4hls week.
Parcels, of old linen—iMrs. Bonnell,
Mrs. Klauer, .Mrs. J. J. Wood, Mrs.
Eschwig, Mrs., Mills, iMrs. H. J.-Johnstone, .Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Black, Mrs.
.Mrs, Klauer—12 pillow slips.
Mrs. W. Walker—100 handkerchiefs.
■Mrs. W. Tully—2 pair socks,
Mrs. Duthle—2 pair socks.
Mrs. Trites—30 yards cotton.
'Mrs, Carmlchael—20 yards cheese
Mrs, Fisher—60 yards cheese cloth.
Mr. C. -Muirhead—30 yards cheese
iMrs. Herchmer—20 yards bandage
cotton; 500 mouth wipeB.
Crow's Nest Trading C<J.—Safety
pins and tape.
Mrs. G. G. Henderson—l hospital
shirt and S dozen flannel fomentations.
Ah Non, member of Knox Church
Chinese—29 sheets.
Girls and boys Miss 'Murray's class—
58 bandages.
Mrs. Bonnell—safety pins.
Plans have already been prepared
and lt is expected that the building of
the Cokato School will be soon started.
The amount allocated by the Bducai
LONDON, May-13.—"The King, as
sovereign of the Order of the Garter,"
says an official announcement issued
this evening, "has given directions
that the folio wing, names forthwith be
struck off the roll of tbe Knights of
the Order:
"Tho Emperor of Austria; the German Emperor; the King of Wurtom-
burg; the Grand Duke of He-ssa;
Prince Henry of-Prussia; the Duke cf
Saxe^Coburg and Gotha, and tho Duke
of Cumberland."
The Order of the Garter was constituted by King Edward Ul about August 1348. Since 1831 it has consisted
of the British sovereign and 25 knight
companions who were lineal descendants of the King'George I. and of
sovereigns and extra knights who
have been admitted by special statutes.
(And now that, such drastic action
lias been taken regarding the Order
of the Garter, what may we expect if
those members of the British peerage,
often jocularly referred to as the
"Beerage Baronets," should likewise
be declared personae non gratae because of the drink evil being recognized as a worse enemy to the cause of
Britain than the hosts of the Triple
tional"Department wiil doubtless have
to bo added to from some other source,
and probably subscription^ will be asked for to aid in supplying the means
of obtaining an education to the young*
sters of Fernie's suburb.   "        *
Rev. I. W. Williamson, now supervisor otpie B. C. -Sunday School. Asso-
elation, formerly pastor of tho focal
Baptist Church, will deliver addresses
ln the (Methodist Church next Wednesday afternoon and evening, and on
Thursday night.
The Band Question
The meeting which took place on
Sunday afternoon to discuss the question of band amalgamation was very
well attended. . Mayor Uphill waB
elected to the chair, and J. W. Bennett
acted as -secretary
After the chairman had in a few
brief words stated the object of the
gathering, -Mr. G. ,M. 'Miller explained
the reasons for the action he had taken
in trying to get the two musical aggre
gallons to unite.
William Dickenson, on behalf of
the Fernie and Coal Creek Excelsior
Band, said that he and H. Martin had
been delegated to attend the meeting
and make a report to their baud of
tbe Tesult. He aBked several questions which-were answered by Messrs.
Miller and Destabelle.
A general discussion ensued, participated in by Messrs. T. -Biggs, R. Brown,
Deatnbelle. 'Harrison   Herchmer.  Mf..
We are in receipt of information
from iMr. J. Stewart, J.P., of Ladysmith, who conducted the enquiry into
the explosion which took place on January 9th, that hia report thereon has
been sent to the Department of'Mines
already, and so soon as It Is released
for publication we will reproduce in
these columns.
Provincial Constable McRae has
been transferred from Natal to tbe
Trout Lake district, where he will bo
able to enjoy the pleasures of fishing
and dwell In Acadian simplicity.
On Tuesday morning the ground was
broken in the rear of the Canadian
-Bank of Commerce preparatory to the
construction of a $12,000.00 addition
lo the present establishment.
It Is expected that the Crow's Nest
Mill at Wardner will start cutting on
.Monday next for a period of three
Sunday's baseball game, Fernie vs.
Michel resulted in a victory for the
former as an excellent reply to the defeat inflicted upon tbem when tliey
visited -Michel the previous week, by
a score of 17—6. The Same h-jures,
but transposed, was the Fernie score,
16 to Michel's 7.
A smoker will foe glv6n on Friday
for the benefit of the -Femle representatives of the 54th Regiment.
On Wednesday Nie Krall had the
misfortune to have a huge rock fall
upon his foot whilst at work in No.
8, Michel, crushing several toes so
badly that amputation of the members
was necessary.
At the Court of Revision held In the
Provincial Chambers, over two hundred of those whose names were objected to* furnished satisfactory evidence-showing why they should be entitled to voting rights.
Dougal. (McKay, Edv Stewart and others. .Finally a motion was carried
that a committee be appointed with
equal number of representatives from
oach band for the purpose of ascertaining the opinions pro and con of
every member of tbo tw$ bands touching the question of amalgamating, and
to report back Its findings*. ,      - .      - -      -   „ -
A motion-to the Effect that three lower 4hani the-JPostal Union.rate of 6
members of each band should con- cents for the first ounce and 3 cents
stltute the committee and report on *"" """** *"u '
lu order to obtain a ruling on the
amount ot postage to be affixed upon
letters addressed to men at the front
wa addressed a communication to the
Post Office Department, and hereunder Is the reply:
"Post Office Department, Canada,
=■=■= -v.-™*-!-. aji=i.*th,ut—?ni^,    X^XVi
"Sir,—I beg to acknowledge receipt
of your letter of the 5th instant, and
to say that as the two cent rate applies to letters addressed to members
of our Expeditionary Forces in France,
it ls necessary to place the war tax
on them; as the war tax must be paid
wherever any postage Is paid which ls
Collections to Date May' 11, 1915
Proceeds of dance $251.15
J. W. Turner, Spokane     1.00
J. T. Ramage, Spokane ....  10.00
T. T. Lane, Spokane ,  .10.00
W. G. Ramage, Spokane ........   5.00
J. W. Dobson, Fernie ......    4.00
H. Wlllingham     4.00
Wm. Mills ...;......,...     5.00
M. A. Kastner   vS.OO
D. J. Black     3.00
H. F. (McLean ...,°. 5.00
J. D. Quail     5.00
Employees Trites-Wood Co 138.50
.1. R. -McEwing     5.00
S. F. Wallace '■■,.   5.00
S. Bonnell  .'■.» 10.00
H.Gould     5.00
.1. Randall  .....' '.."...., 5.00
J. McMaster ..".'    5.00
J. Maddlson ,;......     5.00
P. Burns & Co. .:,   50.00
..Mrs. L. Jennings ..............   5.00
G. G. Moffatt     5.00
■I. Aiello ... ..............    5.00
Jack Pot  .....................    4.25
C. Vojland ..... .......   10.00
W. Roll     4.00
W. Zwlener     4.00
P. Wittock .......v     4.00
J. Egger ......................   3.75
.1. Keinpen. ........;..........    3;75
W. Peterson ...................   4.00
C. Olson ,v....................3.75
II. Hoffman ..................    3.00
II. Warman .*'...'.--r*..............   3.00
F. Gloechner .........:.......   5.00
E. Xewert ;.........    3.25
F. Hoffman ...................    3.00
M. Petrunie ...................   3.50
J. Wittock .;...,      4,00
P. Braaton        3.00
W. A. Mentrum S.    5.00
T. H. Colllngs .................    5.00
Miss N. Allen    3.00
C. H. Skinner     10.00
Employees C.NjP. Coal Co Office 89.00
Canadian Oil Company .... .40.00
Gateway Citizens .,.".'.-  55.00
Baynes and Waldo concert  46.50
East Kootenay Chapter I. O. D.
E., Baynes and Waldo  25.00
Mt. Fernie Chapter I. O. D. E.
Curling Sonspiel   250.00
Rebekah Lodge, Fernie 40.00
iMt. Fernie. Chapter I. O. D. E.
Easter Dance  218.05
Miners Support,
President Wilson's Stand
Executive    Board   in   Session   Here
Adopts   Resolution   Praising   President's Peace Efforts and Condemning
tlamed by a false patriotism, manufacturers of war munitions and unscrupulous politicians are making
every endeavor to involve this country
iu the European war. Therefore, be it
"Resolved, Uy the executive board
of the United •Mine Workers of America, representing 400,000 organized
coal miners, that we emphatically disapprove of war, denouncing it as a
relic of-barbarism; and be it further
Call for Emphatic Protest
"Resolved, That we call upon all
tbe working people of America, who
must do the fighting if war occurs,
to register their emphatic protest against the same, and call upon the American Federation of Labor to call a
congress of all the trade unions In the
United States, ln the event that war
is apparent or that a special session
of the United States Congress be called to consider this momentous question, and that the said congress ot
labor meet in the city-of Washington
at the same time the said special session of the United States Congress is
held, for the express purpose of voicing the disapproval of labor toward
any program involving this country in
war; and be it further
Resolved, That we hearlily indorse
INDIANAPOLIS, iMay 15,—Four hundred thousand coal miners In the United States, speaking through the executive board of the 'United, -Mine Workers of America, made a protest against
war yesterday, when the board, iu session in the organization's teadquarters
in the Merchants iBank Bunding, adopted a resolution urging the workingnien
of the country to take a firm stand in
favor of peace,, , Tlj-e miners' board
supports President Wllkon in his -stand
for peace arid'in'his efforts to keep
the United §t#es out of the European
A copy of th'e resolution will be sent
to the President,-land also to the'American Federation of Labor. Thp resolution asks tliat, in the event Congress is cailled! in-extra session to consider a declaration of war, a congress
of union labor men be called at Washington at the same time to voice the
trades unions' disapproval of war-
Tells Where Burden Falls
The resolution, drawn by Frauk J.
Hayes, vice-president; Robert Harlan
of Seattle, Wash., and J. M. Zimmer-j the position of President Wilson in his
man of Springfield, """
bers, reads:
"Where as, The greater part of Eu
rope is at present in the throes of,a
• »•-«*»       ••■ . .    UIIUIMVI  "    I    **•* V     J' VW« V «V/**     *S*»     *   tl.UlUVUV       »■   1IUV11     4 It     fl*l9
111,, board mem- efforts «o keep this country out ot
j war arid at peace with sil nations tf
the- world; and be ii fur-thai
"Resolved, That we present a cosy
great ■war,Entailing the To'ssYf mUlioris j °f this resol-ition to the press, to tae
of lives, destruction of property, the President.of.the American federation
paralysis   ot  Industry   and   countless\ot Labor, and fto the President of the
outrages against women and children; .United .-Uatoij."
and j    Members of the miners board called
Amount   disbursed   to   date ,
Fernie District $1986.20
Financial Statement of Patriotic Dance
Receipts from sale of tickets
outside $184.50
Receipts from sale of tickets at
door ,    55.00
Receipts from Gun Raffle ....   21.25
Receipts from sale of Shamrocks      8.80
"Whereas, In this day and age we
feel and believe that wars are unnecessary and criminal in character and
caused by the exploiters of labor for
the express purpose of advancing the
position of large capitalists whose interest is solely commercial; and
"Whereas, These particular capital-	
istB very sensibly refuse to go to war. Cpon returning to Indianapolis, after
themselves, and, in their mad rush presiding at the joint conference held
for power, come to look upon the men  'j» regard to the Eastern Ohio dispute.
attention yesterday to tbe large number of coal miners now participating
in the European war. They assert
that the coal miners are represented
more fully on the battle fields than
any other craft or trade.—Indianapolis
of labor as so many pawns to be sacrificed   In   thtt  earne. thoy   nro   nlj.ylng.
Ohio Coal Strike Sottled-
Thousands Return to Work
The settlement of the Eastern Ohio
coal field strike by the agreement of
the Joint Scale Committee representing the miners and operators at thoir
conference ln Cleveland, O., last Saturday ended a strike and lockout that
lias endured since April I, 1H4, The
foal operators at a caucus Saturday
night ratified tho settlement which
was on tbe basis or it cents a ton, run
of mine.
To President John P. White of the
Mine Workera must be given a great
deal of credit for the satisfactory adjustment of tbli trouble, wblch ended
in a signal victory for tbe miners. All
Ohio it now operating under the eame
scale and conditions, a faet tbat ahould
make tor tlie prosperity of tbe Industry.
The chief points in the agreement
Wage scale. 47 centa a ton, run of
Division of wage scale, $9 cent* lo
minora loading ooal and • cent* to
minora operating coal-cutting machines.
Provisions for arbitrament   of   ail
attentions la dispute aa to interprets-
Ion of contract.
Provisions for discharged minora to
appeal to arbitration.
Old rules governing "bottom" work
aad -blackamithlng retained.
Retention of death claim of $«M
tn rates when atate compensation fund
wtll not apply,
Xoeooonry changes la old working
rules consistent with change from
•croon to mine ran basis.
• Sccrstsry Green e* the Hatted Mine
Workers doetarad that ll.W4.000 had
b*sa ptid fro* various sources to the
support of the strike. The total economic loso to the state Is figured at
Chairman a A Maursr of tho Mint
et pte
Sunday next at 3 o'clock.    Carried.
Another meeting will be held nt the
City Hall on Sunday next at 3 o'clock.
Letters to the Editor
■*ivmf*#-Kit*»»># *t*mmt11m-H '*m*l em*
loading oporators or tho state slatodt
»<W ihm wv«f*<W# "ie*. i*X*i <**\oy mm**
made n sacrifice this vear te agreeing
fie release ef UU* strike till aseaa
aa Increaeed effort on the put ol the
minors to the Colorado   situation.
H» . . .      »* , . ,* . ..      i. .  .
the Ohio sttsatloa caa sow be utilised!
to raatiaai the flrtt for Jootke for
Lew**, Ktaeaanetn sad otfcer perse-
cotod leaders of tl*«ftae Workers.
mm ^ iaU^^j A'tpm mmAAAtk ^^mtk ^tmm*^
wa pi DvnvnHi tmm MmmWw VAmt WftmrWom
affected hy tie strtks will food til
tloi smplojwoat ta tho reopened mlaee
au<t tut tie ^pemfors and tjuy wttt
POttA time* MtlMHiM •Wl(H|jr PP
latfaw Chat mote for eeceoiilof t»fo-
Tin MMk If-Wtme dttuwt tt
tffwt this set-MMtory eettleesewt of •
In the case of Ohio we are confronted with a prolonged Industrial
struggle unattended by any of the brutality and murder that has marked a
West Virginia and a Colorado, a fact
that might be construed to moan tbat
the operators of tbat section are more
Inclined toward a reasonable view of
organised labor tban maintains In
these otber states.
While tho coal miners ot this one
section of Ohio were idle through a
refusal of their employers to accede
to tbelr demands, other Ohio miners
were working under the scale now
agreed on in this latest settlement. It
has been contended by the operators
that tbe railroads maintained a discriminatory rate and a bill waa before
the present Ohio legislature looking to
a review of these rates. Tbls bill was
d-ffctit-t-d during the past few &»;*.
Tbe operators alao supported a bill
looking to tbe repent of the flreen
Mine Hun Law. This bill psssed at
the previous session ot the legislature
and wss presented by Stato Senator
flreen, secretary of the Mint Workers*
International. The Gallagher bill
which Is said to bave passed the legislature will havo the offset ot modifying Oreen taw, leaving It optional with
tbo operators and miners ai to the
basis on which coat ts produced.
Tbo question naturally arisea that If
the Ohio coal operators eould find it
compatible with good business practice (and aobody accuses then of being other than this) to sign up with
ibo i«)oe. nhy oaaaot tho Colorado operators do the same thing? The pub-
lie cannot for long bo hoped to eub»
ecribe to tbo theory that the organised
mine workers of Ohio are profitable
co-operators la Industry while tbelr
brewers I« Oolorado aro fhe rorerae.
—Wyoming Labor Jooraal        •
I******-*-** %-miW-iw* tit* v,*ti\i..9.   -,*■»
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—No doubt some of our
young male friends who contemplate
going homo to Ue Old Country for a
short holiday will be Interested to
know it Is likely to be a little longer
tban anticipated with a sojourn In thc
trenches of tbe Allies. The writer
had a brother wbo went for a holiday,
and when it was over he tried to como
back here , Uut nothing dol.is' He
wa* t'lopped at Liverpool and told they
wanted nil tho young men for the
Xow, how much liberty -fled free will
have you got?
Yours, etc.,
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—I enclose herewith a cut-
ting from the "Montreal Star" dated
May 14tb, 1916, which may be of interest to you in view of your recently
published letter from J. Bruce Walker
to Arthur Morrison re Machinists required In 'Britain.
Yours, etc.,
" A "
Cutting mentioned above;
The Amalgamated Society of Engineers will enroll new members fur
work In Britain. Must bo first class
machine shop, fitters, lathe hands and
millers, free transportation to Britain and return. Guaranteed f months
work and trade union conditions. Bariy
shipment,   ilritlsh subjects only.
Apply to Agent. Union St. oJsopb.
llf St. Catherine Street, K., Montreal,
or F. C. Robinson, 105A l"tb avenue.
Laehtae, P. Q.   US I
To the Editor, IH-itrtet ljulfar
Dear Sir,--Tl-tie seems to be -»»!.■•
pn smount of troublo at prosont ton-
c« rniig tho osttbUahlag of a City tf rd
f >■• Fertle. M ty (be allowed to offer
a few sogiMUou* on tbls suUJ»<!..
The cltitens of Fornle fisvo spjnt
ra l ttll: still be ready to spend monoy
fnr tM« -mueffft v •^wvtfwftHeifi wHImm
for each subsequent, ounce
"The Postal Union rato ordinarily
applies to letters addressed to France,
but special arrangements have been
made by which letters addressed to
the British and Canadian troops at
the front may go forward at the 2
cent rate, so that even when tho war
tax is added letters fOr our troops are
getting the benefit of a specially low
"I am, sir, your obedient servant,
"A. W, P. Troop, sep.
"J. W. Bennett, Esq.. The District
Ledger, Fernie, B,C,
Sunday, May 23rd, at 7.30 p.m.
Special Yorkshire Prise tuiics, anthems, choruses, »o!os nnd quartettes,
otc.   Program.
Priie tuno and chorus—"Tover-
thorpe," Choir.
Solo—"The Dawn of Redemption,"
Mr. 8. Colclougb.
PrUo tutnj--"ChrUtlau Soldier.*,"
Solo—"Ho wss Despised," Mra. T.
Anthem—"Bow Down Thine Kar,"
Miss Utter. Mrs. Pennell. Mr. Short-
house snd iMr, Winitanley.
Violin solo "Prayer and Air from
Der Prelschuts," L, Hautstnger.
|    Prise tune—'Wulmer," cbotr.
Solo—"Only Waiting," Miss P. Baker.
Anthem—"Tbe Urd Is Almighty."
Conductor—W. M. Dicken; Organist:
J. Wbltehouse.   All are welcome.
Disbursements '.
Rent ot Hall (Dobson & Willing--
ham) *$ 25.00
Carrie's Orchestra    23.00
Pernie Free Press (Printing).. 6.00
District Ledger (Printing) .... 2.50
Mrs. T. Haigh, washing dishes 3.00
Mrs. V. Ely, washing dishes... 3.00
Rlzzuto Bros., removing chairs
..hall  ....     1.50
Postage and Stationery .......    2.50
Trites-Wood Co., bunting, shamrocks, etc....      9.60
McLean's Drug Store, rioorwax      .60
Crow's Nest Trading Co. .bunting      2.00
10 p. c. of gross receipts to I.
O. D. E    26.90
Cheque to Local Patriotic Fund 163.75
for material gain; and
Profit-Takers Condemned
"Whoreas, We have no quarrel with
the workingmen of any nation, who
must necessarily do the fighting it war
is declared, and who must die on thc
battle field and ln the trenches under
the delusion that they are doing so
trom patriotic motives, the while the
majority of those who profit by war
rest secure at home ln all tbe comfort
and grandeur that modern civilization
affordg; and
"Whereas, the greater part of Eu-
Vnlted States, fanatical partisans in-
President John P. White. In recogul-
t.lnn ttt tha ahlp sprvlrftaj-nml-flgniL-ni-ita-
presented with a handsome travelling
bag, with the usual appurtenances, by
the Btaff ot tbe Journal and his colleagues.
Certified correct, G. O'Brien, sec.
Delay In publishing these details Is
consequent upon the difficulties Incident to collecting.
VICTORIA, May 11.—The Hon, W.
J. Bowser announced yesterday that
the ,154 tiermaus and Austrians who
havo been brought down from Fort
(leonre district are to b« Interned at
Vernon. Under arrangements made
with General Otter, they will be sont
to work on tho government road wblch
Among the names of those of the
week's casualties who were members
of the first contingent are Sergt. Prank
D. Townsend, previously reported
wounded, now "killed in action," and
William Joseph Claridge (Charley).
The latter, wc are pleaBed to state,
although injured by a rifle bullet,
writes very encouragingly of his expected rapid recovery.
"Union Labor Got Huge
Lemon in Clayton Act"
Former A, P. of L. Counsel Tells Industrial Board Measure Bars Way to
Workers' Freedom—Rockefeller, Jr.,
Delays Appssrsncs.
"Innocent men railroaded into Jail."
"It's according to what you menu by
Innocence. I believe that Ryan and
hts associates did nothing that was .i
crlmtt against labor or agatnit a better
society. My conviction la that the
men did not get thc ful! benefit of the
Reads Excerpts of Opinion
Commissioner Weinstock  read   ex*
WASHINGTON', May If.,—The fed-
oral Industrial commission failed to!
conclude today Its Inquiry Into tbe relations of labor and the law as had j
been expected.    Two Important witnesses, Clarence H, Darrow, labor attorney, and Waiter Drew, chief counsel! cen>ts of the opinion of the tourt of
for the National Krectors' Association iUPl>«al» upholding the convictions,
of Manufacturers, will appear on Mon-     "In view of th<> decision   of   thl*
day ond aro expected   to   cloi>e this'court do you atill believe *iw«<> ir.on
branch of the investigation. i Innocent?''
John 1). Rockefeller, jr.. and mem- "I sttll believf that the men did uo'.
hers of his staff, who had been ex- j pet the full benefit of tho law; that
|itjit«'d to appear Monday (or examlitu- j rules of tlie gnme as made by the op-
runs   from   Kdgewuml    to  Vernon,
They will be allowed, besides board jtlon as to"corre»pftndence submitted I poring class, the Inwyers, were not. nb
Arid \oii\ag, *x n.i\*Ji.i.r«-S,ou o^ i-'t. *tu Un* iiuuuuk-Mluii *tnm tua lunin-r, M-rveij
On next Monday and Tuesday nights
May S44&th, tbe Urand Thoatro oil!
reopen its doom to tbe public, under
the management ot C. L, Southern.
The attraction will bo Paniagua. This
la probably tbo largest and strongest
i-omptny   that   has   ever   pt*y»«i   It*
per day. the scale set by tho Hague appearance of Mr. Rockefeller, will be
Convention.    Some 300 enemy aliens
(ttu already working tbete,
Officers Will Osllvsr •allot* to Sold-
lers, Collect Them, tut Are Net
Supposed to Mark them fer Them
Hp»;iklnK of t.n- aynteni to President
heard later In the week. I Wilton fnr pnrdnns th»> witnen* *atil;
Criticise Clsyten Aet 1    ' "tte prt*»!d*m be* a bettor too is 1
Anton Jobnannsen, labor orgatiUer.hicwpo'nt than most of the employing
contlnnoil hit testimony today es to clam.     I wls!i thero mere roon» like
condition*   In   the   utructur*!    Iron him."
workers' strike and In labor struggles     Queitloui«l U> ("ommtsrioner   l<en-
In California, and Daniel Davenport, non, .labannwn said If he believed an
counsel  for  tbe  American Anti-Boy- ■ Injunetion itsucd by tbe courts violated bit* legal rights be would refuse
to obey it and take th*- < <>n-*w|u«-ncc».
My father," »a!-i the loiumlnsiluixer.
cott ai»of l»:ion, and Thomas Spelling,
1 formerly counsel  for tbe   American
OTTAWA, Msy !4.~~«xtra editions iPederntlon of Labor, alio worn qu»'»-
of the Royal fissette of Crest Britain tioned.    Both Davenport and Spiling ' prior to the < Ivil war. lived in a
and Ute Canada (lai«tta ha*e been !»■ erlticlM  lh* Clayton   AH,  r-ewitty -nlinie Mute  and  ron-lti-"?""! a station
wutHt containing prwlamstlons, etvtng!pjft#d, ind de-Hawd ibn p would !*rof th-f •ur.ikw^i.d rail-***)'* helping
the assent of tbo Imperial government j no way «lli»ve Isbor from iti dtnad-1 slaves em »r* in deflanco of the fug!
to tb* bill authorising the votos of vantages at law.
„,..*.., .     .   . <-«i»t4I*a «oM!*r* to be tikes In the     Mr, S^IUag »*»*?;t4 tUt tb..- m.-
Pernie. It Is composed of six of tbo | event of an election during lh* war. ! fsltud limitations In the rtsyton AH
best known vsudevtllo sets sod will' Therojsl »<m«« states that: "Whem! apparently dwlgni'd tu msirkt tit* it.**
absolutely be glvon tn Its entirely, J as an act has been psssed by the par ; of Injoatiion and contempt proceed'
Ihirttls.  Neither can tito membV* io
iMtmed for the nnimtisffictory iwe^of
Hv#> sis** Is*       Do you think that
i ...i.il.nii ul  j., *   fiii* i-wfji ju»ti!i*ml)
"Why f.rtainfy," answered lohsftn
m<ii.,     ' Turn -t'i'it-aiitiais of one Miners-
Hon biw<n««* jim s»iiil* of tlw nest"
Following Is a newspaper eriuclsm of! Ilsment of Csnsds. entitled, *An set fo" irtss In Isbor ironWf». would frilly op- \   ,l«!i..tnn*«*n dl* *u*«H tlm ^nation In
nom* of the Items: iensbfe f'unndtsn  wldlfm on nnmAnt* to confer further mrhitnto im* Am* Mm*.-U:*, vUmt-, he »*i<i, tUn or-
George Primrose * Co.-..Tbli week | military **rvk* during tho pr*«*nt war J en on Ibe **ourt«. (irsniwd *,mi»!«»ori»  fhmujfh  .«  sin«ln
| Ih bill Is liottiilUwdby Uuacgs It. Pvliu*   to •itevcti* ttwlr electoral francUlMu'",       "Out Untsn ani Dynamite.'*       i-»*<•!• t »«uid »{.»«.lmfij, refuse to em
rase and his minstrels nhow, and oft   It states that by the act provision is i     i would m," he e(*n*Hi4*4, "tbm t t>i«* union *****    Th* -wntmor. *,*
*mm«*h| nj..i-ii t«iwf nut ut,,) tun a ifmuu, uut |tuuii. <«uni i»mn«( muy mnn trom *t*-
*   ,1.......,, it/*,,*'      i > , *T'   .     ,, ,     ." . ' '
il    '.,■    *  .". >* ■' .I'll* ;     '   -   i ■    r   •■- ■  ■      *"' •     ••>'*    •'.*.
nf* bsrs the wit? to fsfwir fweflnm"    I Tbst  »lMi!\-»'fii, hi. *:\\,1,  *a«  oni*  of
With tbo permission of the commit , tbe reatmm tor Indunlrlsl unrest In
Ifl* f»jT*ai]p.#r mt UptilllH-u tttsattiitbatpaauiCiiuluiina.
joint dlscwsston of tbe Sb-ftrmsn and!   Daniel  Davenport, counsel for tho
Rboda and fleorge Cramp-ten In a nesrf effect until appointment by his msjes 'Clayton   Arts,   whl<h   tr*«   hisbly
■ZM%<t*.Z*if*b . fM,*!**-* ■ PamPtm^H
'tmUI nor others lu ,o Ii>sure rtgtUr
MOXTRBAL, Mar 1«^-At n mmt'"tititit*t*-
Inttff tbidli^J of the cSnfdTtn    '• **•* '«^'''« <** «h« +r *f
Pnettle Rsnwsr.Owipi^l^ tSl^lPernio to bate tr to mm to hat* a
eMKiwwwr nvomnt oo wnr mm.<
.All attnnMte It Iawi thom ntcaM a
■»•■   ^om^w^y^*^   ^^   ^^w> w po   mmwre^   mmtmmtm"p   ubf ,
mlo of lata than Um df eonta a too)
iww^  ^jp^^m-^m^^^kr^-^m ^-t^omwt Pim^mow^opo^^^A&        -S-SWF
W^M     Majia    _mA    m^A-^*m*b*w^m+^mA    iHalhA     AILa*^    ^^^^j*
oy wttm os opesamHK mn wn um*
soru n ptumpi rosistanui tmn one vn
spesdny l^vsn up
opemttr piaf«4. "mtweam th* H**l*
to* «n»ns« wm emptym oy too pocn-
id heme that attended tho Paaugo*.
Monday. The majority of the staging
waa classical, hut nevertheless It wss
a flassiesl musical act, different from
tfei usual.
Arilae, the violinist, gave a pleasant
oatertataaMmt fer tot mlautes. ber
rwndUion   *,t   ti**n\**n\   sod
Antl-Rrtyenut   A*»n* i.ntion.
sbsreVov*rv «r
JSiS* i iifi.
(XbojAme tafsrasatlou sImmU af-
Atmb&bAtA tdb §^ima   fcfcsi
.  wAAKmtWm jm f WSNm www
■PWI ,. ^p^mt        ^tmppoP wi^p     Otto    *AAw/^^tatA9A
ween  oopftal  aad   taker.;
*»^uni*' tkuUT-I at. iii Htwnl Im&bvem***
sveetlvo city tends, and os# tbe SMMiOy
■ptt on thtn wganhmtlM to Am eat-
tofhctteai of the g«w*ra! pAtle.
, la othor towas e< Canada aa« aeroos
ttho Uao Am pops mttm faOewed fa
that Ibo lowa or city supporta tta pm-
m-*».i MMBsaiaatlsa durtoa tho smmmv
wwoi-Wi   *Pi -mmmimm^^arw^mr^   ^^oo o^rpp   ww-^m   wspsmsiwi
matttlt.    TRo Uni nUm two or
tiff It *w «»* of m bttom tie'
w»^**b  bm  ^potPommopmAtwPep
1* tbt* trtwr te remri*tl. terlnitor ti tt*' »f.cti*n»f-»i >%■>><< •"••wi"'
bo to totem, sod sftslt bo pwWIshed in' rommltilonors called a bait fold tbe romml*tlon thst if em?:o>frt
iho Canada Oaatit*. I   Jobsnnsen testified tlmt In his «p(n- in to« Angefet hsd cnnMttetl to bar
 — ——— j (An tnduitrisl unrest was csv-ted large-: out onion meu tbey could be prasrr ut-
Mayor Ifpblll bas bsnded us a torn- \ \y by Insbtllty of tbe average employ-1 ed and  restrained   -stpoJwmn*!)  He-
uualcstloo which upon first appear- fr to ss« things from s human view-,*!*•«.
sneo gave us tbo Impnoslon that Blsir-; point, or n soelsl viewpoint. I ._.._.... 	
more on Moc wss anxious to enlist.i   "Tbey csa talk cost and wood and!   City Pollc* Officer 11. Ilushet. wb«
Cloeer iKapmrtiei}, ho«ov»», dlaetosiMt f fm». hot nol hmmnetla -~ 1b*r   Itnow'bx* .n-te-f ri t*>r* p*r**'i' f'v  fti'.'ti
popuisrttiie fact tbst the writer wss lt jrrars,sotblna about It," saJd iif. .ion* tot Ih* p»#t two >ein,' bas rw-
mbAo being doHgktfMly ont«rta*Msg.|i»r nt*,hmt bad fallod to subscribe his, Firtd tm Asfctof tto Water i turned nrt on Wands* tnnt tnnk w bu
ffarfyitilif tti'tgtit *VH thtt Water Wa ,*I(4ua.Uu;s u* llm Wile.; *Aau4 Ik u*. (u U»» ***** *****, i*ik*M***m *t*ni, n*,noiUtn m >»*»t as I'rov nrtai rtit,
son,* maOv a big bil, and the offer i <|HJr*a»«ol» of rwmlts are ntmotoonn; fir*t tmam diMstb^tod when Im ws«t*UtiOe Cosstsblo HusbM dtrtsg tho
tog.beaideob*lncaatttsMl and boss lot wint nnd limb, hearing, right and I disebarged from a wood working shop! tits* be *rt#4 mn th* ctty f«rr# rexrt
tttol Mttt^» ts aa eijeystd* sme* lsi««f1i; lost or temy «$ ttm imtih dis-, :* mmm, Is,, tot ssktot that lee)•break frem doing wbat ne consider-
TM show fa absolutely the belt | ^utlftes4. age tl to tl fitter St writ f wstsr be furnish*! tn worker* tn tnm! #d bin itoty; when tbo bvM»k
HMtf In vsodovttlo ovw ottsasssod tnittt oonoent of prwnt; married wteti ner. Johannsen wav interroptcd msintslned he bad ao frioada, whtl* to
Potato. Amft 9mm* «• tnm-rm footlomA *•»* wrft*#« tptmtA nt Ibott'-rtomfy ss tw his *r««.Mwitaa with tlo]«o«*i bim ou ti# antmt noo w*s aet*
seats early,   ttm om tt anlo nt Std»l wlvus. idtwsnrttsrs* trisf nt fmntomumtia        »«r ■* pt*n*tnnt -mil* in,f a ?*\,**n c.;,-. t
om4 oro fotog toss,   ftopftmf —:—;—  »   rwBWrtfstontr Wettitoel atkW lo-Jiag.   Mr. Husfc« took * Amp intorwit
to tbo urifttfa and wns a netftmt In
on* of tb* eompsnfet. W# wish bint
ttoey metnm. to its as* ttfrnto.
S!^iSaS^^L!ttf?l!Mten|s»HSN»«•!•.   fltitftoliwHl     RofTUlUagfortboMtbBatUltoobssibsstw If bo rouild#rvd that Rwwi
is psw mrmro rmeen it mtinmutonnr, jR ^^^ ti*,^ fW ^ ftnuontiprtmnm**  wjth  more effeetlvoness prosldont of tbe Ironworker*, snd bis
trow Coal Crsok to eatcb too train.      [dortot tho past week than berst«>tofo,|aatoetato« tn tko dynamite roam wen BF
1 *" .* *
I" a
y* k -
I- V
•-! i. •
Published every Thursday evening at it* office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B.O. Subscription: $1.00
per year, for Dominion of Canada; $1.50 per year
elsewhere (in advance). An excellent advertising
medium, Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
riiilor dati' of April 20th the liuiail Merchants'
Assouialioii of Canada issuinl an official call for a
convention for a three days' session, which began
on the 18th day of May at Ked Deer. Among the
objects of the gathering is the combating of the
Catalogue or Mail Order Evil (sic) end, to use the
language of the circular, ''Another grave menace is
the Co-Operative Association principle of trading,
wliich threatened and is, in fact, to some extent
being carried on now by miners', farmers and grain
growers' associations.''
Tlie members of this association are alive to their
material interests botli on the economic and the
political field. On the economic side they are using their influence with wholesale firms and manufacturers to have them cease supplying the co-operative societies; on tlie political side they have,
through their united or co-operative efforts, succeeded in obtaining the passage of a Small Debts
Act. They intend to agitate for the abolition"''of
lhe weights and measures inspection fee.
These men are not swayed by any sentimental
bathos but know what they want unhampered by
any. considerations re differences of nationality,
creed or politics, and bluntly, straightforwardly
plan the nest course of action that suggest itself to
Their circular does not waste any words about
"rights." "wrongs."' "eternal principles of justice," "suffering humanity,"   etc.,   ad   nauseam.
Their very existence is at stake, and they know.
it.     They realize the importance of concerted ac
_tinn- ii wl _(rnrAi;n themselves ,'ieoordinHv.   Tniieli-1 shortly thereafter be completely disillusionised
ing their principles, we refrain from criticising, but
the tactics employed are commendable.    As indivi-
rh.D., D.Sc. (Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor of
Science). Now let us see what this learned gentleman lias to say on the question. Here is the first
'' The primary cause of a large part of this wusrc
is over capitalization, which involves a- large output at any expense if the value of the shares is to be
raised and their price maintained."
His point of departure starts when tho property is
first- bought, and does not take into consideration
the.actuating factor of the purchase (the real cause)'
—viz., tlie making of profit. Large areas of coal
lands are not bought for a like reason as a man buys
a fishing rod—i.e., for personal use and enjoyment
—but as a moans of obtaining profit from the sale of
the coal. Over capitalization means that they who
haye bought are not satisfied with a small percentage of profit by the genteel process of skinning.1
or as some term it, getting a legitimate profit, but
instead through the puffing up of numbers, calling
a " 1" a " 10," or more, the property with, say $VJ0,-
(•00 as its assessed value will be represented on
paper as $l,000,d00, and upon this it is expected to
obtain dividends. To accomplish this end, especially in the earlier stages of development when the
stock jobbing practices, in order to be most successful, need to have corroborative evidence in the
shape of large output in order to cause the shares
to take an upward tendency, "gutting" is the
order of the day. By "gutting" we mean that it
does not matter -what the waste is so long as the
coal is gotten out in quantity and the cost per ton is
so low that tlie shares look tempting to the investor.
We do not think that "over capitalization generally demands over-production" so much as it does
low price of production to effect this. The present ip; the consideration—a case of "make hay
while the sun shines," with but little thought for
the.future other than the sentiment that it may
look after itself -when the time comes.
Over capitalization may be likened to the case of
the man who bought sponges by dry weight and
after allowing them to soak up all the moisture they
could absorb, sold them-by weight (water included).
This was the originator of the stock watering schemes which today are practised on a huge scale; These
schemes are perfectly legitimate, because those who
indulge in them are wise enough to isee that laws
are made which will enable them to execute them.
Provided laws were made that would prevent stock
watering this would in nowise stop the exploitation
of the working class. The only useful purpose it
might serve would perhaps be that the tail-end investors in contradistinction to those who got in on
the ground floor, instead of being classed as contributory "suckers," might reap a little more than a
bank rate interest for their investment instead of
enjoying a temporary dream of untold wealth and
Ou Thursday, .May 6th, tho examination iu music in connection with -Mc-
Gill "University, was held here by Dr.
Perrin, the-director of the Conserva-
torium of Music, (.Montreal.
Ten students, pupils of Miss West,
took the examination, of whom all passed,-two of the number w-ith distinction.-
In grade 6 (primary) Dorothy McLean passed with distinction. Ip,
grade 3 (intermediate) Harold Anderson passed with distinction.
The names of the others who passed
and their grades were as follows:
Grade C (primary), Nelly .Mills.
Grade 5 (elementary) Netty Ingram,
Alice Kerr, Aubrey iMcLean.
Grade 4 (junior), Bay Gould, Alle*
Grade 3 (intermediate) Oscar Anderson.
Grade 2 (senior) Rheta Tod.
At the examination in Theory of -Music held a few weeks ago the following
Grade 5 (elementary) Alice Quail
passed with distiinption. Bay Gould
Grade 4 (junior) Oscar ABderson,
passed; Harold Anderson, passed.
Grade 3 (Intermediate), Rheta Todd
Dr. Perrin stated that he was much
pleased to notice the marked progress
made during the year by Rheta Todd
and Oscar Anderson.
The above splendid results are the
best,encomium possible for the teach-
er, Miss West.
Baby's Eczema
Cured by Zam-Buk
The difference between an equitable capitalization is the difference between a get rieh scheme and
dual units they are alive to their weakness, but by | if all turns out satisfactory a much slower garner-
using their numerical strength jointly nnd exor- j Ing of profit. This, however, is of no real benefit
cising pressure, they have already attained a men-  to the actual producers of the wealth—the working
sure oi success. _ ' '
Wc recommend that the members of the working
class take a leaf out of the '"Btok of Rules" of the
Retail Merchants' Association by getting together
and working unitedly both on the economic "field
and in the political arena. The former for the
purpose of resisting .encroachment that may be attempted looking to the lowering of their standard
of living, and on the political field agitating with
the end in view'of ultimately effecting the abolition of tlio wage system. "
(Continued front Pace One)    '
to the members equally, the conductor receiving a double share. To this
latter Item every musician agrees, as
the conductor's time, experience and
leadership is absolutely necessary to
produce satisfactory results.
Now, if the Mayor, who no doubt has
the citizen's welfare at stake, thinks
that Fernie should have a city band,
the only way, to my mind of re-estaD-
llshlng this musical body would be to
apply the above system of a grant to
the band and oblige it to render the
services for the benefit of the general
public, also hdve the membership open
to all good musicians Irrespective of
•May I, as an experienced and technical bandmaster, be permitted to cooperate wdth the Mr. Mayor and city
councillors in the solution of this .band
problem? .My present occupation is
sufficient to support me, and in offering my services It Is not with the Intention of furthering my finances from
what might come to me for my band
services any more than the member
who will beat the drum.
The Idea of uniting the two actual
organizations will not be fruitful with
good results because neither will stand
for the leadership of the other. Trust-
lug that my suggestions will be given
your kind attention for the best Interests of the public at large, I am,
Yours truly,
legislative bodies are being converted
Into agencies to fortress Privilege In
Its citadel of power,
. Erom_the_. jresl.den_L_flLLtlt-e_IInIted 1 North.
class—as they will not be relieved of exploitation,
as their wages are not based on the profit nor on tho
loss that may be involved in an undertaking, but
upon the competition'that'obtains in the labor market. This last statement of ours is dearly proven
by the conditions that prevail in those countries
where there is no over capitalization, but where the
state is the employer. In the latter case economic
methods of winning the coal are practised, but the
wage-earner is not materially benefited, his pay
being .based on thc average of what it costs him to
j livo and reproduce his species.
OvtiR CAPITALIZATION OF SCANT INTEREST!    Thc waste that is going on which is of vital in
Krom tiwu to time articles are printed calling
attention to the great waste that ia going on all
around tw. Thoy who call attention to this constant loss of iiso-valucs aay it is wrong, and often
point out as a cause that which is a secondary ••anno.
**v more correctly, the effect of some prior cause.
For instance, wo havo reproduced an extract ap
terest to tho worker is not the loss of use values of
natural resources owing to their anarchistic treatment, but thc waste that he, as a member of a class
is constantly a victim of and from which that class
cannot escape so'long as tho profit system is in existence.
As a subject for theorizing upon tho waste of natural resources affords an intellectual pastime,
Nevertheless, no matter how much-indulged in, as
pearing elsewhere in this issue, front a publication i a step towartltho emancipation of thc working-class
.iilitloil '"Tho National Domain in Canada and its it is of no.mon value than tho gyrations of a chip-
proper Conservation," written by Frank 1). Adams,  inutile on its spinning wheel.
Tht Millions of Working Mtn and Woman Will Antv-.tr tht Quattion
H.»o« a jury of twelve int-n In hat
Anlmat county brought In t verdict ot
guilt? afaln-.it John It. lawion, national board member of the I'nited Mine
Worker*,'a»*1 fixed tlie penalty at life
impiUHimeiii, the preta that "heart
Ita natter's voice" hat paid flattering
trlbntea to the atipr*!»m«*y of that "law
and ordrr" ao dearly 1ov«»d by every
tte*fl*e<t malefactor who alng« "My
fount rv Tt* of Thee." to hide hia In
tnmy LAW and OHUKIt in the coat
fteMa of aotithern Colorado ta but a
imv-Mtr on hitman rightt, tor t«AW It
nml tJwc WIIJ. of tht ttonnmlt »a*t*r.
Th* *fn»t»»br of Amerlren hearts
the holy name of blberty. nnd M they
thought nf n republic beyond the waate
ot water*, they longed to leave the hated domain of a dynasty, and plant
their feet niton the tell of a nation,
where It haa been proclaimed lhat "the
voice of the people la the vote* of
They heard beyond the seat that
here benenath the vaulted dome of
Young Columbia, despotism cannot
live, and that freedom la the heritage
of Immunity.
To the enslaved of emperora and
kings, there have been wafted "the
tidings of great Joy" In the "land of
i.M' free and tin- home of the brave,"
win! Uie laminate of a nation bas been
left barren to immortallie the heroism
nnd ib* iiidlphlfis* valor that tore from
the Iron hand of regal Imperialism
bai'fr^Mly'w^t ouVairoas "the »**•}» ,0 IZ.TJLTttVZ °Ll
tm* to thf downtrodden and oppress {«*»& «W.2S£!BJ£LJS?
t**1 nt the old  world, and on many »*»» landed aa the grandest document
qccMtotu In this rirtwtrr the elonnent •'••l *■• «**«•' banded down for the
tonatte has pleaded for the eaar-cursed i government of ttmn.
mutton* of until* *bo h*»* cfMftriil lh* iwtriota who lived m, ih* liii'tli
beneath the rov.I sceptre of a blood-'".' fhe repoblte and who eonaeemted
*Mtlt*-ti  m*iit**K*.  mmm**.' ****m» **tv**,      _---X ,      l.*-*'*"*^—."'««.,*«
■V''!.1-" Vr lif.r-'r, -i *s-'i'>»-,V'»^*' wn«i»# e-mtttHnHAft man. wnman and
*«*1n*t *<r*rr chapter of sacred his- "'»>'•» »*»»»<» •*• »'»•. «£*»W *•»*' &»*•
Vw«::m -.irnhm to ia* «»*■* <f 2"** */,'*£!' SSttSirjtJ?1!! ^^■•■" i»f«Kc!5.Ti u ml l*
• war haw wm*   fcelr *r*n npwi JJJ"«JJl*m\3&*2mi, SlnS *«*• nt »» **• ••*-« **«!• «"
th* shor"* of a eontlnent that *'»*"»• ,»«*»»•» *[,#*?t*«2*i *.i     '.'■•'If wkia "«f« tth*«ir no* tba, t»«rsntt of
vw.*»i-»,.« »»» iintma** wmvd m **-if\tr wemUt h# cnsclfM and lattice straaal
ed to death, by the power to corporate
Colorado and the atatea of weatern
America have been populated by men
and women who sought a wider liberty than wu to bo found lit the crowded and congested districts of the east,
and as tliey wended their way towards
the Pacific and gated upon tbe mountains that lifted their rugged peaks
toward! the start, they felt .that on
Ihe broad expanae of weatern An*
erics, they could build homes whoae
sacred precincts would never bf dark*
ened by the shadows of Industrial
liresms of liberty In the weat bava
lieen shattered, for corporate might
hat borne Ita black flag of plraey
across the pralrlea of our agricultural
atatea aad planted Ita banner of greed
on the loftiest summit* of the Rock-
let and tbe shadow of Itt flag la reflected on the watera of tho western
There are no more spots on Ameri-
tm mit thnt. art free tiow tke b-vtg-
andagt and Piracy of Indaatrtal Sam-
T.lifJr J    Mn .Mit.rc  vi- t  l,u  "lilrli tin
States down to tbe scavenger who re
moves garbage from an alley, PREDATORY WEALTH demands obedience, and rebellion means the scourge
and lash of trusts and corporations.
Here In Colorado, more than any
other state in the Union, does Privilege flaunt Its defiance, and the tucn
whu r.ii-es to vLullene; Oread, !.e-
conies tin- \lctim of persecutloa.
Tho .weat coal strike of Colorado
has ungloved the mailed hand of cor
porato despots. The labor official who
fights a battle for humanity becomes
the target for every missile that can
be hurled from the batteries of an
"invisible government."
The labor official, honest with himself and true to hit class, Is met by
the rifle of the thug and the evidence
of the perjured hireling, who degener
acy makes ut forget the treason of a
Judas to the Prince of Peace.
Thc Coal Barons of Colorado have
optned the doors of a prison and have
decreed that John R, Lawson, David
Robb, Louis Zancanelll and otber men,
prominently identified with the coal
strike, thai! become Inmates of living
The press that Is owned by Oreed
is smothering the facta and showering
its encomiums of pralie on the agen.
ctes utilised to cruth tho champions of
human rights.
The laboring million* of thtt country
mutt meet the emergency. The "turn
mer patriot" and the "aunshlne warrior" may thlrk and falter, but men
with red blood surging through their
velnt will stand with tbelr facet to
the foe, and measure tteel with the
oligarchy, that sneera at law and
laughs at human rights, garbed In the
livery of labor.
The coal flelda of Colorado have
been Russlanlied and Laa Animas and
Huerfano, counties—the domain of
Rockefeller-la the Siberia of the United Stat**,
The stability of government, the tu
premacy of law and the maintenance
of constitutional liberty real upon the
shoulders of the bone and brawn ot a
nation, and tbe aturdy manhood whote
labor haa snatched deserts from the
wilderness and made them gtrdent of
beauty, who bave planted the tymbols
of civilisation on the hlghett peak* of
our giant hill* will face tbe battle tbat
has been precipitated by remorteless
greed, and when the battle It finished,
the starry banner, at tta flatteries
fold* kin the brtete of hetven, will
be worthy of the name of "Old Olary."
—Free Press, Trinidad, Colorado.
Mrs. Elgin Cossett, Joggin
Bridge,' N.S., says:— "When
my little daughter was five
months old a rash broke out
on her face and body. I called
in a doctor, who stated that it
was eczema, and treated her
for it. His treatment, how-
ever, did not bring any relief,
and the child got worse. I
then tried a great many salves
and so-called eczema cures,
but nothing proved of any
benefit. The sores continued
tp spread, and became one
large mass. One day a friend
advised me to give Zam-Buk a
trial. I did not have much
faith in Zam-Buk working a
cure, but as there could be no
barm in trying it; I obtained a
At that time the disease had
defied all remedies for over a
year. By the time I had used
one box of Zam-Buk there was.
• marked Improvement. I
continued the Zam-Buk treatment and day by day the sores
showed slgnt of improvement.
Finally Zam-Buk banished
every trace of the disease."
For the tender delicate skin
of babies, nothing equals Zam-
Buk. Unlike other ointment*.
lt is purely herbal.
Use Zam-ftuk for cuts,
burns, bruises, eczema, piles,
cold sores, chapped hands, and
all skin diseases and injuries.
At all druggists and stores Mc
box. Name " Zam-Buk " lt on
every box, refuse substitutes.
article, name of. paper, and lc
stamp for return postage to
Zatp-Buk Co.,- Toronto,
Make a Corner
Collect the Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every (kljirik Package
A   Good   Bargain   ih
En amel Ware, See
our window for prices
Classified Ads.--Gent a Word
I own 600 acres of land near Marysville, B. C„ located one mile from town,
railway station and schoolhouse; 200
acres under cultivation. Good house
and barn; mostly fenced. This laud
can be irrigated it desired.
This is a first class stock farm;
10,000 acres open range adjoining. I
want a high-class man, trained in raising and breeding live-stock, who owns
good foundation herd, either as a partner or will sell on easy terms. Address: P. LUND, Wardner, B.G.
RIDERS WANTED as agents for our
high grade bicycles. Write for low
HOUSE FOR SALE—Five rooms on
2 lots; McDonald 'Ave., West Fernie.
Owen Sherrett, Fernie, B.C.
ROOMS, FOR  RENT—Furnished  or
Unfurnished.     295   Victoria   Avenue
last year's hens for sale. Apply, F.
Kennedy, (McPherson Ave, Fernie.
GIRLS WANTED—Two smart girls
wanted for folding. Apply after Monday at Ledger Office.
There were six pieces of pre-emption parcels in the Fernie Riding disposed of to city residents. The eight
unsuccessful applicants are given the
privilege of priority when the next preemptions are thrown open June ISth.
Untqualltd Vaudsvllle/%
Complete Read Show J^
May 24-25.     8 p.m. Sharp
Geo. H. Primrose
and Hit Own Company
"Betwttn the Rttlt."
Prices 50c. and 25c.
Rmrvtd Stats at tuddaby's
List of Locals District 18
See. ami P. O. -Wmi
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
wu-vKtAtf Minards
We Are Ready to Scratch
found Just as we represented,   fber
It no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you c-*ut spruce we .do no-
send you hemlock. When you bu>
first-class lumber we don't slip In t
lot of calls. Those who buy ouce froir
us always eome again. Thote wbc
bave not yet made our acquaintanse
%re taking chances ttoy wouldn't encounter if tbey bought their lumbal
— Dealtrt In —
Cumber, Lath, Shingles, Sath and
Door*. SPECIALTIES—Moulding^
Turning!, Brackttt, tnd Detail WorV
Opposite O. N. Depot P.O. Bex 22
Phont 2».
Garden Tools
Lawn Hose
Screen Doors
& Windows?
A Complete  Line  of
Paints,   Varnishes   &
Kalsotnines °
Hardware  and  Furniture
Thone 37
B. C.
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8aua-
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66 Wood Street
A. Macnell S. Banwtll
Barrltttrt,  Solicitor*  Notaries,  Ite.
Offleet:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton  Building Fernie, B. C.
F. C. Lawe.
Alex. I. Flaher
Farnlt, B. O.
Waldorf Hotel
Lv A, Mills, MltiJtfl$r
3       Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
Mtnu a to Cartt
Special Rate Board and Room by tbo week or month
tWMMi Mas Smm Ratu
60s. * Opwarfs
AsnritBB * flan IbIm
U.M A VpWBfii
Ivlrtimt of greed  nn  tmb tbelter, J uj
i*   .InXtt.
«m^ OmAPoLO-mm.^.^m-mwpAmm
■ m-mmoom JUbTpf
In me laagaaae ©f the Revolution-' $%%  Coleman	
*n psirlet: "Thet* art times tbat
try men's sault." and In thia hour
when liberty It trwnWInt en ber blood-
twtntfct -throne, tbt «hi«*» ot real men
will stand tb* taat, that "a wrern-
mtml of tb* people by tbo people and
i'i' tlu- w.h>1« att'-tU tut p-erUU from;
*   fn ihi* ***t*ti f#«- if>»m nttm* %l*tlt*r*>' <
lba*   bct-n   *rltt*n   ttmt   anight  *#11
•ra«s« tke fteopte to Um dangort that
nwmee tlw t«ttlt«tl<M of thia temniry.
flr**4 hn* tm11*4 ott the matt and
Wda defiant* to ibe powers of sov«
ernaaeol.     Krery deportment of mt-
iernmont la (imtrolltd and dominated! .M7
i U>   Um  U-kM-uW^fc* uf CUuuui*-.  vuiu-.
tntrre mid «nd««ry. and «mmt and)
,9*w9*m*t.+«9i.  ,.,,,...,,... m.  .       '*< *4M.».4^.    9ltm*9t*,9t>*ml,*tl,   4^**.
tti-nv.r rrrr-V . , .1  I.rmjiim-n. fi-Mvver frculi, \% f.lui'iw, 4I4*,
llellw.uc  lame* flarlte. Hot ll. DoUevue, All*.
Mairmor*.  Wm. Archer. Bklratoro. AIU
Birmlt .....T. u. Hamea, Fn-etbnrs, Alto
Carbondale  I. Mitchell, Ctr-bondtle, Coloman, Klin.
19,    ..   .. %*,.   I ,  t      *n*..m-,r tl      -. ,1
""   ■•'..-"•*      ■*■■**,.*.,     **..»»<.H'„   (!»U.
 i* iobaeton. Coltmo*. Alt*.
...... R. Garbitt, Corbin, ac.
 P. awanaum. Chinook Mlnet, Commtrte, AIL
 Tko*. lipMII. Femle. BC.
 .K»»n Morgan. Fmob, Ak*.
 Mtrk Btlglor, HIlterML AIU
 R P«a«e«it, Boa 2t. uthbridf*. Alta.
r»t* tarffnirfeoin. roarbom AHa
T, u Htrrtet, Psesborf. AKa.
Rkbard IBoniC Mlr»tl. B. &
T. 0. llarrHeo. Paoaboiv. Ak*.
Tabor....  A. *S"*t»rmm, tbbm, AIM.
Oeottotow*. Ctnnwiw   ,.Mt« Hwifr tttrntp**** Oaoaaoro AM*
Rrtfttn Mlnet fa*. Hew.ber, Sortent, tin ttmby Mowntal*
IicttM. Alberta.
Chinook Mines..
tTfmootb*   #*»•*. **■**'
iMVbMte Colllerli*..
Miplt tmt	
omAAmwmtpb'' "i*************
_ VATTTVC!     Tiff
9mam\bGa\[AmU   VALU£5   221
tmm  4-roorowl PlMtorad HtmM,l(H48xm.W«rtFtniU,
pioo.tm p-tPbbbtA, MMMi-ad Jfanop, in* Go *. aim, imoip At*
tAot, T^raa: $100 eaah; balaaat u iwii.
flSOO.OO Two Room on lot 10 s ISO, MftfitiMi Art., wm
Bapllrt Obimcta. Trrtm: pail cash payment; balsaot
ftflAA AA '    9L 'npp^nMm^pM  AtAAbA^AtKA  V^MHI^tfk VfjHmai^^i^m    Jb ^^^^^       atel^^^^ 4Mk
'^WWWf^wHf      V^B^W^aW^^^B  mmtm/m-^Aw oA mmtP-rmmWtftottm^ApAll^^A «m™iiilPH      mt^^mWA ^Qm
T«au: part caah; balance u xtX.%.
1910.00 fwO dlffomrt proptrtks on Victoria Amv*.   WTO
mU al tMs prica an aasjr towns.
$0000  lot60x 190,Blocks,VictoriaAwaaa.
OP      ^-m^^^p^p^w       m^^HB^m^PLmtmOmABm^P^P    PA^O ' PAtt ^A1* SH-^Hv *At0A^P
u       wmrnKo^Mae.
■  ««i*w^|W wSxJSItW*
IS^HnviHW ,--.V-VAT',*3
; .4?
of The  District Caixips
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000
PELEG HOWLAND, Eaq., President   ELIAS ROGERS, Etq., Vlee-Prea.
Arrowhead, Athalmer, Chaae, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Invermere,
Natal, Nelson, Revelstoke, Van couver, Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rato from date of deposit.
Are You Going to
See the Great Northern .Agent. He can arrange your rail
and steamship booking over any line yo uwish to travel
"heaply and quickly. Passenger train for main line leaves
Pernie* 30.30. Passenger from main line arrives 9.30 a.m.
Train daily except Sundays. , We connect with G.N.P.S.S.
boats, Great Northern and Northern Pacific at Portland
and San Francisco and the Fair.
We solicit your EXPRESS
aud FREIGHT business to all
J. E. COLE, Agent, Fernie
Box 438
Phone 161
♦ ♦
♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦•»♦♦♦♦♦♦
Regular meeting of Local 431 convened as usual, with president iu the
chair and a good crowd present.
Correspondence was read from Local
1058 who are'endeavoring to arrange
a meeting between the various Locals
in the immediate neighborhood to discuss doctor arrangements. Whilst we
are perfectly satisfied with our own
doqtor's contract, nevertheless we are
quite willing to co-operate with those
who are not so fortunate, If by so doing we can improve their position. Secretary Burke will attend the meetnig,
Secretary 'Burke reported having ac-
companied VicetPresldent Gralr.i:n to
Blairmore to interview the general
manager re some of our disputes. The
question of make-up so far as it effected those working in the "raises,"
was amicably settled, but those working ln the "breasts up the pitch" must
possess themselves in patience for the
time being. Several matters of minor
importance were settled.
. A number of Germane and Austrians
were laid off last week and as a result the Pit Committee interviewed
the super and reported as follows:
"That the men who were laid off had
had a fair share of what work had
been/going, and that others must be<
given a chance."
"May 4th, 1915
; "This Is to certify that we, the undersigned, were appointed a coumiltiee
by Local 431' to examine No. 1- Mire
oppyated by the West Canadian Collieries- Co, and.do hereby declare as
follows: The said No. 1 Mine from
the tunnel mounth, to entry face and
all nlaces known as the "Inside dis-
trier," and all t)v* old wo klnva from
133 to 76: from 76 to 64; 64 to 58; 58
to 54, anil all of 61 district, including
intake and return airways, and find all
In good working order with the following exception—viz., a few feet of gas
off 61^ Tunnel, known as the old return. Upon a second visit to the
said place we found it clear of gas.
"John A. Barwick,
"William Patterson."
As the result of an interchange of
correspondence between Secretary
Christopher of Blairmore Local and
Mr. Herron, a meeting was arranged to
take place at Blairmore to consider
ways and means to alleviate the present state of unemployment which is
so prevalent at this end of the district.
Among those attending the meeting
were Secretaries Burke, Christopher
end Johnston (Coleman), Vice-President Graham. Bellevue was further
represented by Messrs. T. M. Burnett
and James Naylor.     After the usual
-made in British Columbia
Men who wear IjECKIE SHOES are positively assured of one
thing—they get more value for their money than in any othor
'*Iwk  made.   TjKCKIE' SHOES nre made for men who npprep'nte
Mm who wear LECKIE SHOES never return to nny imported
bra ml—llie shoe is an assurance against that.
Go to YOUR dealer and aak to ice the various style* of LECKIE
SHOES. Try on a paijr and note tho case and comfort combined
in a stylish, well-built LECKm SHOE.
Ludintf Shot detltri Sell LE0KZ2 8ROE8
Be ran yon get thtm,
"Built for Style, Wear and Comfort"
the floor and stated that whilst he
realized the gravity of tbe situation,
he was not ln a position to offer any
definite aid, but would use his ability
to lay the matter squarely before the
Dominion Government. He alio suggested that the Provincial Government
should be asked to shoulder a portion
ot the burden. iBut In the event of
them refusing he would Immediately
Interview Dominion Government representatives Lougheed and Bennett. The
data submitted to the meeting should
prove to the most optimistic that the
time has arrived when something must
be done for the 900 men who are Idle
from Coleman to Burmis inclusive.
The Hon. Charles Stewart, 'Minister
of Public Works, and the 'Hon. H.
Boyle. (Minister of Education for this
province, are addressing meetings at
Coleman and Blairmore on May 19th.
It is the intention of those who Interviewed Mr. Herron to seek an inter-
view with the above-mentioned gentlemen for the same purpose.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs. Kl. Litherland, a daughter, May 18th. Mother
ami child doing fine.
Born—To Mr. and Mrs, Moonoy, a
non,' *
The Rev. Held, of Livingstone, occupied tbe -Methodist pulpit on Sunday
last and preached from the words,
"Dome, let us ronton together, etc,"
Tbe Local Odd Fellow* of this town
are still doing business as usual. Can
you ride him yet. Jim.
The residents of this burg sre becoming alarmed at the continuance of
tbe heavy rain and snow storms which
have buon prevalent for Uie last two
or three weeks. Will history repeat
The few soldier boys tbat were up
this week-end were loud In tbelr praises of tbe people of Pincher Creek for
tbe splendid manner in which they
bave bsnquetted tbem.
Saturday was pay day here, The
usual celebrations took place.
Borne welcome additions were noticed
In tbe Methodist choir on Suud«>.
♦ ♦
♦ COAL CM IK NOTII       ♦
Jack O'iBrien was visiting up here
during last week-end.
A grand dance will be held in the
Club  Hal! on -Monday  evening as  a
wind-up of the sports.     Gents 25c;
ladies free.
Don't forget the benefit concert and
dance on June 9th.     Tickets now on
sale through the mines by kind per-'
mission of the management,     A good
Ambulance Class
Examination of first year candidates
requested to he in their places at 7.15
p.m.—J, Combe, secretary,
The following ds'a list of events for
Monday, commencing at 10 o'clock:
100  yds.  handicap,  boys   11  t?  :i
years; prizes: |2, {1.50 $1.
100 yds handicap, boys 8 to 11 years;
prizes: $1.50 $1, 75c.
50 yar^s handicap, boys 0 to 8 years;
prizes, 75c, 50c, 25c.
50 yds. potato race, 14 and under;
prizes, $2, 11.50 $1.
100 yds. sack race, boys 14 and under; prizes, 11.00, 76c, 50c
Three-legged  race,  boys  10 to  14
years; prizes tl, 80c, 50c
Three-legged race, boys 10 years and
under; prizes -$1„ 80c, 50c.
Longest football kick, 10 to 14 years;
prizes 50c, 25c, 15c.
Longest football kick, boys 10 years
and under; prizes, 50c, 25c, 15c.
Standing jump, boys 10 to 14 years;
prizes, |1.50, 75c, 50c !
Standing jump, boys 10 and under;
prizes, $1, 50c, 30c
Wrestling, heavyweights; prizes, $3
and $2.
Wrestling, light weights; prizes,   $2
and ?1.
Novelty  wheelbarrow race;  prizes,
$3 and $2.
Novelty wheelbarrow race, 4 contestants, all contestants to be blindfolded;
prizes, $3 and 2.
Ambulance Competition—prizes, ?20
and $10.
Girls' Events
100 yds. handicap, 11 to 14 years;
prizes, $2, $1.50, $1.
75 yds handicap, 8 to 11 years; prizes
$1.50, $1, 75c.
50 yds, handicap, 6 to S years; prizes
50c, 40c, 30c.
25 yds. handicap, 6 and under; prizes
50c, 40c, 30c.
100 yards egg and spoon race, 14 and
under; prizes, $1.50, $1, 75c
Longest football kick, 14 and under;
prizes, $1, 75c, 50c.
Skipping contest against time, 10 to
14 years; prizes, $2, $1.50, $1.
Skipping contest against  time,  10
years and under; prizes $1, 75c, 50c.  .
Skipping contest against time, young
ladies; prizes,. $2, $1:50, $1.
Skipping contest, against time, married ladies; prizes $2, $1.50 $1.
75 yds. married ladies' race; prizes,
$2, $1.50, $1.
75 yds. young ladles' race; prizes.
$2, 31.50, $1.
—Judges—*Racesf BrOauu-eJd-nnd-Bave
Martin;  Skipping, etc:  .1. Buchanan
and Ike Hall.
Official starter: J. Boardman.
Coal Creek Excelsior Band Will be
ln attendance.
"The primary cause ot a large part
of this waste is over-capitalization,
wblch involves a large output at any
expense If tbe value of the shares Is
to be raised and tbelr price maintained. Over-capitalisation generally demands overproduction which In turn
almost Invariably involves waste at
some stage of the progress of the metal
from the mine to tbe consumer.
"Perhaps the most terlous waste
which Is taking place in the Dominion
at the present time In connection with
Its mineml resources is afforded by
the mining and utilisation of coal.
"In the first place. In mining a coal
seam from 50 to 90 per cent of tbe coal
Is left In the workings for the purpose
of supporting the roof. Of the coal
which ts taken out snd burned under
boilers in the usual manner, only about
12 per cent ot the total energy Is developed. That!» to say, we secure for
useful purpoies only about five per
cent of the total energy contained In
the coal of the area.   If tbe coal Is
sence of Danny McMillan who left for
the East.
Joe Cash was on business \u camp
last week acting in the capacity of
auditor to the municipality of Coalhurst.       \
Commodore landed back in camp last
week after a month in the surrounding country looking for land with trees
on it, etc.
The homesteaders here are all wearing big smiles just now, brought about
by the good soring rains of last week.
May -they keep smiling.
At the last regular meeting of the
Local Union it *as decided to hold
meetings every Priday evening before
pay day and not every week as before.
Sam Kendrick was recently elected
as local auditor to fill the vacancy of
Duncan .McNab.
Alfred Bedwell, of the Lethbridge
Battery, was in camp Monday saying
t'av<jwell to his friends. The buttery
leuves for tbe east.
There is a report to the effect that
T. Ifl. Skeith is leaving this vlllago to
start up business In New Dayton Immediately. If this is corect there will
be a vacancy on the School Board to
contend with and the abseuce of a J.
P. in the camp.
Jom Mclvor was in camp, first" part
of the week looking for a job.
♦ ♦ ♦.'.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <P<fP ♦♦ ♦
♦ p.
♦ : ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<» -pp. p. pp.
Pasta's Orchestra dance in the Opera
House on Friday evening was very successful, being well attended.
Bad feeling was rampant among
the various factions here on Saturday
last. John Barleycorn chiefly responsible.
Hurdy .McLeod, master mechanic
with  the iMcGilllvray Coal Co., met
Mrs. Kelly Advises all Women
to Take "Fruit-a-Tives"
Hagbrsviu,b, Ont.,Aug. 26th. 1913.
"I can highly recommend "Fruit-a-
tives" because they did me an awful
lot of good and I cannot speak too
highly about tbem. About four years
•go, I commenced taking "Fruit-a-
tives" for a general break-down aud
they did me a world of good. We
bought a good many dollar's worth,
but it was money well spent because
tbey did all thst you claim for them.
Their action is so pleasant, compared
with otber laxatives, tbat I found only
pleasure, as well as health, in taking
them. They seemed to me to be
particularly suited to women, on
account of their mild and gentleaction,
and I trust that tome other women
may start taking "Fruit-a-tives" after
readingmy letter, and if they do, I am
satisfied the results will be the same
as in my own case",
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold by all
dealers at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial
size, 25c, or sentpostoald on receipt of
price by Fruit-s-uvea Limited, Ottawa.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
Sunday, -May 23—11  a.m.,  regular
monthly children's address; 7.30 p.m,,
„,,.., . .-.   4 ,   .    ■ ----  "Fashions: Bad and Good"; 12.15 pm,
with a serious accident last Sunday Sunday school.     (Monday. 7.45  p.m.,
morning while  working on the new Thoughtful Workers.   Wednesday, 7.30
slope. It seems he attempted to get
out of the way of the cage which carries the cars, but failed to get clear In
time, with the result that his right leg
was completely severed below the
knee. He was conveyed to the Miners' Hospital, where lie was attended
to by Drs. Ross and Connolly.
•Born—I.May 17, to Mr. and -Mrs. H.
Holmes, a daughter.
iBorn—'May Hth, to Mr. and .Mrs. W.
Bradford, a daughter.
Work at the mines here is much the
same as last report. The International has worked two days and little
prospects of any more this week. McGillivray worked two days and get two
Don't forget the football dance in
the Opera House on the 24th. First
class music and all the latest dances:
The Union sports wtll be held on
the water tap.
Coleman and Frank -Football Clubs
intend playing a friendly game on the
former's ground on 'Monday, May 24th.
Bar supplied with  tbe  best Wines
Liquors nnd Cigars .
p.m., prayer meeting. Thursday, 8 p.m.,
Thursday, choir practice. You are
cordially Invited to join us in worship.
W. J. iMacQuarrie. B.A., minister.
r There Is more Catarrh In tbif section oi thc eou.nr>
thnn all other disraae* )iut together and until the lust
lev years was Buppowtf to be Incurable, For a ureal
many yean doctors pronouncrd It a local disease and
prescribed locnl remedies, and bf constantly tailing
to cure with local treatment, pro'iounied It Incurable.
Science has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional dis
ease, and therefore requires eonstllutlo-ial "iratinint
lull's OMarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. 'hir.cj
& Co., Toledo. Ohio. Is the oily OOTilltiitionn' cure or
tho mir'xet. It Is taken Internally In doses ironi H
flruis to a'tcau'wonfiil. Ii acts direct!*- 01 th» btood
ami mucous surtaces of ihe system, Tliey ofirr out
liT*"!"-.-) dn'inr-i for nny eise It falls io cup-, f^nd
tor e'reii'.irn n-d t"*timo«-ials.
A1dr«i F. .1. rurVEV A CO.. ToVdo, Ol.io.
Slid I— Di"i-T-«n. .-'e.
Take H-il.'s 1- "n"■*• T'!'» 'orco-«npit'o-i
lie  fanny  remedy   for   Corel;*  and Coldi
Shiloh cotta mt little and doe*  »•» mucbf
Feniie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottle* 80cds=arSp8eialtH—*—
Conditions around camp still very
quiet. The mine worked two days
last week and one day this week to
..Mrs. J. Hood and daughter (Mrs.
Heatherlngton, of the Durham .Mine,
Carmangay), were visitors last week
to -Mr. and Mrs. Higgins of this camp.
We regret to learn that the village
blacksmith, Jack McDonald, Is going to
leave us. The people will miss the
rattle of tho anvil,    Good luck, Jack.
Preparations are being made around
camp to give the children n good time
on tho 24th.
, Minishl, who left here some time
ago to offer his labor power elsewhere,
has returned with tho words "Nothing
burned in gss producers and the gas ,.„.„_._, ..._ _u_
s) obtained used in internsl tombtn- LOUCHRAN AND THt
tion «rfflnes, thene, having a blither* LIQUOR QUttTfON
effr-leiicy, develop about 30 par cent, j ——
rf thr energy in the coat whlrh Is ac-l   Join Umghran, wbo was a regular
Bellevue Hotel
Beit Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience,—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
tualiy mined, or about 12 per cent ol
flic energy locked up In the co*l of lhe
whole area. This Is an Improvement
but stilt repreienls an enormous
wasio."«~t!ommlsslon of ConserveUon.
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦■
♦ ♦♦
'   F resh as a mountain breeze
S xcellent beverage
R efreshing and
^   If ice to the taste
I s pure and wholesome
Exceedingly low in alcohol.
B rewed from best materials
E veryone likes it
E ulogized by experts
{t ich in nutritious qualities.
♦ ♦
The mini* wo-^red throe itiy* taut
The stork paid a double visit to camp
correspondent to the Ledger from Ilea
v#r Ci teh until tbat camp closed down,
hss now entered tbe lists ot the ami-
I rolilbltionlsts, using the columns of
the IMiicher Creek Echo as a -medium
lor »utim his views In reply to tlione
employing tbe same channel ou tbe
opposite side, but consequent upon
the ileunuidu made upon his space, the
editor of tbe Echo bas called a halt, i
John, however, In order to have a
friend) Ult wilh the I'robibltion »t>p-t
porters will be open to meet all com-
ti* ui lilts Vluirkm Cux'k Uyur* ituu**>
on tbe evening of May 21st,
Brother tauKhran  Is dealing with
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
\V« will furnish your none* from cellar to garret snd at bottom prices,  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders gktnn
prompt attention,
if you are satisfied, tell others.   It not sstlsfled, toll us.
Saturday last was pay day np here,
Mines were Idle Sstarday and
In chronicling tbe visitations
,-Mrd witb eloagsted legs we omitted!
] to mention th* visit paid to the house
jet Mr, and Mrs. Bd. Coaglsn.   Mother
|aad son doing *•!!.
j   Tbe stork paid another visit to the
temp this net*, vtaiiiwg the nom. of
Mr. aad Mrs. To«y Bpoveter,    Every
body happy.
William Collier bas twmoved bis belongings lo Oblong Avenue. *bkh address will find bim.
Tfio suction men werv rwinfultloned
last week, flr»t to Joe Ooorgl'i house, ■"•?£"£ °*?™ "„" ™2L Z
where mother and son nn doing fine.!HJJJggjZilnZ*St SS^SSmSm
and then to Tony Komanchce'e house, I *• **l**\l **S££!l,*S2J3S!,1?
where mother and daugber are -^j^^WK^Jpffii
tistiia^^jBibartm: i sSS^SSH i
on Sunday last between Canmore and j ,'l*¥,i,JJ1ke, J^Sm nw^bfffi tfflr ^
•rttdV*. 9. *.-** t- .k- k.u *„ m.*   ferrlng to the Corelesns wbo "fir «en- J
Matt fiettl, the brattice msn. pulled! *0i*>"
nut last Keek lor trenb ps*ture«,
A dsnre wss held tn tbe hsll on Sst-j '*■#"*, w,„# tMMH1 „„ tmmtm„.u, *, -,
«*>• .Ml. and a. usual a suod time JJiT^ft tt?» WK'
was »*ti. -dogs," hl» itatements sre well known
to be f-nm-et,
ile aim mten mitanee* of ibe et*
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ feet of Trohlbltfou neirwr hum*.
+ ♦!   from now until the fist of "luTy,
♦ COALHURtT ♦ I *hen tbe -Htttom of Alberta will 4*-
A ^ -rld*> fur ih«inwlv>» witelfeer tbey 4*-
T. _ ^ _ ^ ^ ^ ^ ~ ^ ^ ^ Tj sire the I'rovtnce to go ProhibitKMi,
■wmm-mm-mmmmmmmwi t|,j,, n^uor iim^tion* will he glvfit, **vii-ry
; publicity, and not the least active par*
along with the push ear to   -onv^yj
tm* noon Nw-iw* ttetter *b# araetimiiit «    "Th* w-ilw* hmrnma here b**m brmt*M
-fill* may no injure,  says Tony.      | "P eat ot the Hark**** tor a mil* vsca-, mm;m wm ^ mT >mt while tt**r#r
indttun-i t*b* ItMUma*
Uamget W11jm»«
wetter at * •"'". ■" '"   '
sine* seftsob.
wvfe*>* ,V**'*"'
n amtmilnl iij,in ttll! l*w** »«wn-    Th* eompst-iy *Jll!ow.
bw-Nnli for oJccNkM Mett!«M* ntm the hor*. when tb. mills
this ifftianrs ssusi" <****at »*• ^hmnm sn ih*nb
•wpfwtt «w**iu pr«WHk)*c te* tnimtan
with sports.
Xews of th* death from wounds of
H*rgt. Frank Townsend waa -received
itt camp on Saturday evenlns- Th* 4*
ttmtot was wel*MinowR ta ramp, betas
a ewmria ef W. ft Packer and a vocal*
lit of no m«en aMHty.    The 4***n**4
llw ■*««•* tyttewi ia the alarm system
ot thn human bete.
went tiroiiib Un- aondaaese War, for! *• bamta nrtwortt el wtrrtt, *«***«"
•tlii UtmimtmAot: also Cl }oM**Mm**Ammpmtm*+*»
Qutwu'a mild *ui tin* * U*** Un ***** \ Imt. the «m« nmoua syilcui avx-i ibe
ttm A 9ootk Alrtm, Jj^ ^^^f'^*^^
la sp4i* af th* «Tit!<rt««i eem ft mint
tl* -ptrewuvel ot th* team to piny JU>-
h*\ lent Patently, lb* boy* brmnbr.
bom* two vslnshle point*     Tommy
Watt'm > omj ti»  mh  pml ot t'ke
Iiltamf (.»Ut»*r* paM ■»•»'. fc»» ta-t
_ pemrtm * fof» tf Web*!
mn*^ ^^^^^^^^^l .^i^^j-g^^^im^^^^^-.^*,    S^^iiSHft''d   ■rsmsawa
ID fJHfTWl WOTrHWilWilB* «»▼"* « tnWtml*
fliMli««i^f •*■!* fmi*mmMuk*; to
ylni wm&nmWWi fpNN* nMNi IIn^ i«sWwm tUKn
rWh ttetnt treba um Amy ttm*«M* wm*
. tk* *UU *->»u«i» tmpim*'** *** »*.» i«U*mlt-
Krt* Iisms Imrai-rot ttiept.
nrnttt O »»*»#. timiMi*. t**i
i XStaen amim, Jionn i*>***Otin*
V. von liernhardl In advancing a* an
*r«u»#iil on "Tb* Imti i« U«kr XX'ar
■ t*tu*K» ******** ttrntrnm*.
;    "It it rvry tra* tbat men write anil
*. **j often mbxx n term war it    Bat
* they ought ti> t onitder   bow   much
- tteatt r 1* thn? m»* whleb le av*rt*d
'xy war.     Uricflr, In lh* husin*sf of
1 war m«a muat /toi rm*r4 the mas-Mf re
tb* barniar*. tb* baltl«s, and tb* nur
tU*K», *■.',*. , :,**'* ti* *!ii*i t.'««" i«-'.'i > .••hI
simple do wbo only loot with lh*
.■■ytm  tit t h'' ' f' *    *>   'b*.   a*'if,»,"*.»*--it   ft ah
bf mti <t,11 tlif l.trnli tit *(i*ki> *'tt ''be
■ <«. Imt 4o not **e ttr netUm tbst he
Jk>#i tt tit mlar tii tta* lis* wV.V hn4*,
■ thiin w* Bran InttiH ni lh* bmlnma
J net m th* ammnh *lth th* ft** el
it-en nettle*., Wbx th**** mm it*** »»4
h«T*f»r«?    it will 'a* sb«*n tbv. n is
.   Ui»«.,u««».   -^.....-»   tw   .i.•*>..,   *ii.-i   at*
Be*dfM aad aerewsary lo ib# w«r!4 ss
(•atlas or ittiiit-lti*. it- ■%'■■ ■* i-'htr -tark "   .
I 1
Company • "Th* Quality •toe*"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery and Every-
thing in Shoes
See ut for Ute bett in
Men's Suits, Shirts & Shoes
wp tw#    Wl'l SAw^K   *-SPBS#*BFttMwSS AAt   OAA    fW-WHP   wmtmmAB   WS m   tAAA   wAA   ^-mAtAmt*  SSSStll
***** «s4wiitMtii4 ts Mjtuiit-sia m.Ux itm nmotUot goooa immI bon
poggtbl* trtitm.
Wt htvt unlotded thit vtotk t Onr ef flour tnd Fttd
Purity Flour 98lbs $4.00 nett
Gold Seal 98lbs $3.60 nett
Also   Bran,   Shorts.   Crushed Corn,   Whole
: **l
Com and Feed Oats
Phone 25       Blairmore, Alta.
THt Store That SAVES You Monoy
• i
Ladies' Ready-to-Wear
Women's Dresses
A new shipment of Summer Dresses in dainty
voiles, crepe ratine, muslins in the Dolly Vardcn designs, and black and white stripes, which are being
shown so much at present. They come in all the
prevailing styles, some featuring the bolero jacket.
Skirts eome in the yoke and flare effects. Sizes
16 to 42.
Price from $2.50 to $9.50
Women's and Children's Middies
Made of heavy twill, and Indian Head; neatly
trimmed with piping and others with colored collars
and cuffs.    Size 10 years to 42.
Price $1.00 to $1.75
Women's Skirts—20 Skirts at Half Price
A good assortment of styles and material,     in
the lots you will find skirts valued as high as $12.50
for half price.
Dry Good Dept.
Up-to-the Minute Neck Wear
We arc now showing a splendid range of collars,
sets, vests, etc., featuring all the newest styles.
Prices from ' 35c. up
Ladies' Glove Special
These are exceptional good values. Come in silk
lisle, chamoisette and cashmere; in all shades of
grey, drab, champagne and chamois.
Special          35c. pair
Ladies' Silk Lisle Hose
Looks just like silk; has double sole and extra
strong garter top.     Full fashioned.     Size, 8l/j, 9,
fl'/o, 10.     Comes in black, tan and white.
Special   35c. pair
See our window display of the
the lines of socks recommended by tne Army Authorities giBiaisiaM^isisisisi^isisjsrsisisisja^
every line is guaranteed pure
wool and the most suitable for
our boys at the front.
Special prices are being placed on all lines tor Saturday
Make sure of seeing our
range of Summer Underwear; Vests, Drawers, Combinations and Corset Covers
Featuring all the newest
styles, weaves etc.
Prices from 15c up
Women's Drawers, 25c. Pair
.   Women's Drawers made of good quality cambric,
with hemstitched flounces; both open and closed
Special 25c. pair
Grocery Specials
Wagstaff's Grape Juice, qts 50
Assorted Soft Drinks, per doz 90
Holbrook's Lemonade Powder 25
Dalton's Lemonade, 2 bottles ; 25
Lemon Curd, per jar ., 35
Peanut Butter, small jar 10.
Peanuut Butter, large jar 25
Red Cross Pickles, sour, per bottle 25.
Van Camp's Pork and Beans, 2 tins ....*...'.    .25
Lowney's Cocoa, ]/» lb. tins ' .20
Libby's Pineapples, large tins 25
Jelly Powder, 4 pkgs f. -;; 25
Lipton's Tea, per lb 40
Jl'einz Tomato Catsup, large size     .25
Heinz, Tomato Soup, pei; tin     .10
Special Mixed Candy, per lb. -.    ,10
Ontario Honey, per jar 25
Queen Olives, per qt     .50
Tomatoes, two tins 25
Old Dutch Cleanser, three tins ;    .25
Lux, three packages 25
White Swan Washing Powder, per pkg 20
Salt, four bags 25
Premium Cooked Ham, pef lb. . , 40.
Cooked Lunch Tongue, per lb     .40
Roast Pork, per Ib 30
Skinned Hams, medium size, per lb 18
Picnic Hams, per lb , :..    .14
Dill Pickles, 2 dozen 35
Good Cooking Butter, 3 lbs $1.00
Men's Khaki Handkerchiefs
Made in best quality excelda in plain khaki color.
If you want to send handkerchiefs to any of your
friends at the front buy this khaki handkerchief.
Price • 15c. each
The Store of
Money Sav-
First Aid Instruction
For Miners
By M.
W, Glasgow, W. A. Kaudenbush
and C, O. Roberta
(For the benefit bf our many read-
ere Interested In Flret Aid we begin
thle week the reproduction of Miners*
Circular No. 8, published by the U. 8.
Bureau of Mines. These Instructions
aro also appearing In the United Mine
Workers' Journal, to whom we are In.
debted for the loan of the cuts aecom-
panylng the text.)
Among the effwttve agonrips cm-
{rioyed lu saving life and In tn'.'i'mm-
nie suffering from accident*, first all
occup'es »i\ Important and *.we.l-r*scog-
t» • r d place, Education of the minor
la flret aid mi begun Ut is*»9. In
IW4 i.-.me of th« comp8'«>»3 In Mm
^iwujlvdiila anthracite dt-itrlct de-
U'Ujuu-U fir*UiU iMikuU uul liutrucl-
et tlie trin*trs how to u«e th mi. Whtn
the -United Htate* IluT*au of Mines wa*
established car* had boen bought by
Ute Gov«mment, equipped with material for Instruction, and put In charge
of trained mining onglneera aud first-
aid miner*; tb* coal fields of this
covroto' fct.'i. ilhidU Uitu liUuUu. <*
oar and crew were aailgnod to each
district and were moved about from
point to point, whore lectures and demonstration* were given. During tbe
first 10 month* nf the work ovor !«©.•
MO miner* attended lectures and received first aid and mine rescue train*
lag. Today tho bureau maintains
eight ears and alx rescue statlona engaged In this work.
The purpose of the author* of this
circular h** heen nnt lo writ* a text-
book on flrat aid, but merely io outline *
atoihods of oraaniiuttton and a motto
ot Instruction *Jm!tiir to thtt riven hy*
representative of the Huroau of Min-1
ea.   It I* tbeir bo»e that tho circa Ur
■sty mott tntztf.'.'tt i?.i bt\pt-ii, i* ,
pnomlly   In   thote   mining   district**
where first aid ba., tu»t been or-uaU-1
nt.    In toy -wise the hoar m»} c xme j
when the miner nbo li Intellifn-tly!
prepared rttrt retain al«f tn hi* renew j
worker or to himself, and thn* wvej
kmasan tttlfetteg aad ta menu* enne* n ■
limb nr mten m Ut*. I
t*tmt*m*n utpaottaunm ,
Tf,  Tl.vVt    Tl!   t   ,i',1   ,   :ll.r* ;,:*,]  ]:.'
wader It mont etttrl*et, ft I* n*f*t-i
aary to bave the interval aad ro^opun* \
ttm ot tH ml**.- %-trMiWK atibc mi-
gn-oa, mine tnp*rint*nd«nt, and f«w-
aian.    The np^rnt-nr* can he of great
* fi *1 *'*<»(< f t't*     ^i**       I.O -\th*$*t   **      *(        f**rp\ f>   *   1:-  w**
wmttm rom aad fitting It oat wu*'
firat-ald -Mialpmeat. Th* MsrwhMi mm'
Mt by arraaglag lector** and an Ing
aa director and Infractor of tbe asao-
c fatloa, Th* eafMrtatoedettt and term- -
men caa kelp by *n*emratln« the wn \
to attend ta* aseetlage aad by attend-i
too dfrtf latrine nn nettf* purl *h*m*'
pmowWm* I
The fmrpomr ot n ftret-ald wrtaato-'
litre *r,tm*iX ne **, tnstract aad trnle
mm> to assist the** wbo aaay b* ia>l
ior*4 or f*»d*#re< b*l*t»«t to -prtmnA*'
per*! MHm-ibip amdep itn mwBfcerm, ;
awl to rnntint inttrplml *»* poblUt to
t*r**l la tht nodal betterment aad
pnVlU' iMMitk td t%* tnwn or -roai«M»i
tr. *
Tli   ofTkar*   ot   thn   oaooetntimt
ai^^^aj g^iiiJuj: ^dt m wumw^mJLt^MpwA mAommjpotkm-.
MVlfli HOWBfw mo  m   \tttrAnfv*"t  ▼rr^fJ-flr*
sident, secretary, treasurer and medical director, The first four officers
should be olected annually. Their duties aro almll.tr to those of like officers
ln other associations.
Tho membership can bo made up of
active and associate member*. The
active members should be divided Into
squads or teams of six men, including
one captain, ono patient, and four
Htretchor bearers. ■
Tho olectlon or appointment of tho]
captains of the different squads should;
ho an Arranged txn to have thom well:
distributed nbout different lections of
the mine.    Tho associate membership
should be made up of those of the
community who aro Intercitod In lecture* on public health and social welfare and are willing to help flrst-ald
work but do not wl«h to take the practice drills.
The following committee! should be
appointed: Executive committee,
membership commltteo, and social
committee,    Of cour*c, It may b« ne
cessary at times to appoint other committees. The executive committee
should consist of the president of the
association, tho mine surgeon, the
mine superintendent, and the captains
of tho different squads. The membership and social committees should be
appointed by the president. Tbe executive committee should havo charge
of the management of the association
and arrangements for contests and
competitive drills among tbe different
squads. The membership committee
should encourage tbeir friends and fellow workers to join the association.
The social committee should arrange
for entertainments hold under the auspices of the association.
Equipment or Material Neadtd for
Knelt squad should bave the following:
12 trlaugular bandage*,
12 medium site safety pins.
« packages of gauze (plain or picric)
« Una aid outflte.
8 light wood or yucca spllnta 3»,S
Inches wide by 18 Inches long.
12 roller bandages, assorted sixes.
2 tourniquets.
2 rolls of cotton, plain or absorbent.
2 blanket* (United -States Army
1 stretcher (United 8tat«s Army regulation or, at a metal mine, basket or
6 wooden splints for legs and back
l or 2 sets of flrst-ald charts.
Equipment  for   Emergency First-Aid
First aid equipment should be kept
la or about tbe mine for actual first
aid work. There are on the market
some excellent flrat aid cabinets, which
contain all necessary equipment. The
mine surgeons of some companies prefer to put up thoir own cabinets. Bach
cabinet should contain sterile drawings, bandages, cotton, and aromatic
spirits of ammonia. Tbe cabinets
should be so distributed ps to be
quickly accessible In caso of a.) accident anywhere lu or about the mine.
instructions to a First Aid Mao
Alwaya carry at least one firat aid
packet containing a triangular bandage and sterile compress, to as to be
ready to go at once when called, leaving word for some one to bring tho
flrst-ald cabinet, which should alway*
be kept In a mine for emergencies. In
approaching an injured man do not
get excited, but quickly and carefully
examine htm. Send some one Immediately with a menage for tho mine
physician, briefly describing the na*
ture of the Injury, if there Is a flow
of blood stop it at once with pressure
on the right spot. Place tbe patient
In as comfortable a poeition as poa-
slbte, watch him carefully, keep bim
warm, do not allow htm to be overcome by ahock. Allow no one near
except tboic who are assisting. If tbe
hemmorrhage Is severe and a tournl-
quet h%% to \v« ijAtii, a* Kw-ji na tbu
wound haa been dreased loosen tbe
tourniquet; If the Mood does not bo-
gin to flow again, leave the tourniquet
loose, bnt watch It csrefally until the
doctor arrives. Remember that a
word of good cheer Is often as good aa
medical aid In caees ot thock and
falataesa. Always try to ehter the
Injured and to keep them bopefal
Anatomy tt Am Human ttoty
Ik order tbat flrtt aid nay be rendered intelligently and efficiently, It la
ntreaiary for those taking np the work
'to know sonetblag about the anatomy
and phystolocr of tbe bmnaa b>»lr
I only a mere ontiine of the snajeet etn
be dren In tbls elrenlsr, beeiae* tn
*lv* a **>n namopl wtttM at*** ta*
etrntar too Wg. bat tbe rmtm* *»H
ff»d Miggwted tojrtce for difTefc.it
ttnmtar* of a eorpt to f*n»na*# and fa*
aaa* ft a rfaee for <tl»-?i**!.)n frww
time to tHiw,
Tbe ham An body i« eompoaed of
*»M« and flaws.    Tike UnMa ara tke
blood. Ivnuib   that*, and neertttmn
,*a to* ptaom not ■embnsnea; liey<
tti'A'i   -ij. II,<< ,(,',! n,).Ji*,r ±iMi -ui *il*4   Miil
^weitht,    T*» «ot!d» torn ike fri»e-
work of tba brtr and are calm tit-
'fiH'i*.    Horn*. Ma taut tmm, om a-r-
raaeed fn bard ootid maaaae wbleb
(p*m«-«* treat f!rmtt#«« and «TenpH',
t-rtttltt     ->•*«     9,99r. 9 r, ■ *     ■ ,„.,■...I.      **„r.,.,
tnnrre lltmt. eplfheflat tliaae tatxio,
me.l, *.*h ot whlrh kaa Ita own pttm*
*jnyun>*^k j*a o±^ an*.—«~at ■-.J..
■HP-W^-P mo oofQ Wmm9Wtmm
Tk* akrt*t«m ffig tt la formed ot
bonm or wbleb tber* are foar tarte-
ftbhA**   C^mm^  ^^u^aa    a&^^s   ^^u^^k    a^m*
*mta,   ntmttw  iwpp, pmim* mmrt^. .tm*
' bnn^n. att'f trwgutar Uuato.    Tl* to**
i hem*, norm to swpyert tke welgM ot
! the trwntt nnt nrt a* l*v*ra ttw hn/dla
Inseeeaaewa.    fHbMt beom nr* ynntov
p*W     ew^tp^^^^^m     ^w ^p-WWOP    W»a aF^H^pg i^l    -HIMap    r^p^tm^^
. tottomm nm repiAr*t rat ber Amo m-
towrtvw omwo..    Ftet boom norm to
lar shape are put In a claa* by them-
For purposes ot description the
skeleton ia divided Into tho bead,
trunk, and extremities.
The head Is composed of 22 bones,
8 of which are closely united together
forming tbe cranium, a aolld case, inclosing and protecting the brain. (Fourteen enter into the formation of the
The trunk is formed of the spine,
thorax, and pelvis; It supports the
bead and connects the upper and lower
extremities. The spine conalsta of
33 irregular bones called vertebrae
Joined together by ligaments to form
a long flexible column which Incloses
and protects the spinal cord. The
thorax or chest ia formed by the 12
dorsal vertebrae behind, the 12 riba
on either side, and the breastbone in
front. All Uie rib* are fastened be-
hind to tbe aplual column or backbone. The seven upper rlht, known
as true rib*, are attached -behind to
the dorsal vertebrae and In front to
the breastbone by means of Intervening cartilage. The five lower riba
are called false ribs; tbe upper three
are attached to the cartilage ot the
riba above Instead of tbe breastbone,
tbe lower two have no attachment tn
front and are known aa floating riba.
The breastbone It flat, about t Incite*
long, and forma the front wall of tha
cheat. At the upper and It ia broad
and baa a depression on eaeb aide Into
which flta tba ends of tiie collar bones;
it tapera to a point below. Tba pelvis
i» n twalu-abaped bony •iruaui* connecting tbe lower extremities with
the spinal column. It la composed of
four boat*; Tbe aaeeron aad coccyx
behind and the two Innominate or hip
bones, on either side, In front.
TM Tmak
Tbe trunk la divided by • large
oraacle known aa the diaphragm Into
two cavities, tha thorax or cheat cavity above aad tht abdominal Mf Ity below. The thorax or cheat cavity eon*
taint the luaga, heart, gullet (esophageal, windpipe, trachea, ud large
Mood venal*..
The abdominal cavity contains nearly all ot the digeatlve organa: Liver,
Btotnaeb. apleen. osama. and large
and email latettlaea, and alao part af
the urinary trat em (kdaeya, Madder,
The latramWaa
»ii-eh npper wttremtty emiffstt of
32 bonea, aa follows: Collar bone, 1
shoulder blade, 1 arm bone, 2 forearm
bones, 8 carpal or wrist bones, 6 hand
or metacarpal bones, and 14 finger
bones or phalanges. Each lower extremity conslsta of 30 bones: A femur
or thigh bone, 2 leg bones, 1 kneecap,
7 tarsal or ankle bonea, S foot or metatarsal bones, and 14 toe bdnes or phalanges.
Joints of the Skeleton
The points of union of the different
bones form Jotntt. Joints are Tom-
posed of the follow-
lowing tissue*: Bone,
cartllagft, ligaments,
and synovial membranes. Cartilage Is
a smooth, elastic cud
dense tissue of a
pearly blue color and
has neither nerve nor
blood supply* It
allows motion with
little friction, aud
also protects tbo
ends ot the bone*
from the effocta of a
sudden Jar or ahock.
Ligaments are
strong bands of fibrous tissue of a Ml-
very whlto appear*
ance. They ara flex
ible and allow free
motion in tbe Joints.
They ara alao very
tough and Inelastic,
and thoa aerve to
hold the bmta or
Joints firmly in place.
Tha synovial membrane i* a thin layer
of connective Uasue
lining that part of
the Internal nan of
tho llgameau contained within the
Joint, bnt not covering the articular aor-
faceo (polnte of con-
0(taet) ot the bonea.
that acta aa a lubricant tor tbe Joiate.
There ara three varietlea of Joints:
Immovable Joint*. Joint* with limited
motion, aad free movable Joint* The
treaty Movable Jotnto are aahdlvtded
lata gliding, ball aad aoeket, hinge,
and pivot Joints.
Th* reader should eartfnlly feel of
benot and Johns on his own bodyr pnt
■. -
"y *
th rj
bis hand on a Joint, and move .the
Joint until he knows well Its natural
movement, so that he would be prepared to tell at once if an Injured Joint
has suffered a dislocation.
Suggested Topics for Further Study:
Ligaments, synovial membranes;
cartilage; structure and physical properties of bone.
fig I. Bid
protect tha petto Amy hi
WlpnP I.—tlw kawaw •tefetiNi
tothawKl _    	
t&4 vatcttfiUi au.iI UU. fttitt** tf Jin
I ie^e have taw ansae atftsttwra aa mpoo
itm*!. tm m aerwimt of their UtPtA-
The citizens of Fernie have shown
a most laudable seal is the way the
cleaning up and beautifying process
haa been carried out, but there Is atill
some who might exemplify the old
copy book saying of "Imitation Is the
sincereit form or flattery," and by
their efforts aid in stl^l further improving the surroundings. This is not
only pleasing to the eye, but likewise
hns Its Influence upon the health of
the community. At tbe present time
we have an epidemic of measles In our
midst, and wlillit the cause of tills
Infectious disease may sot be known,
nevertheleae it is a recognised fact
that prevention by Uie adoption of better hygienic and aatWtary methods materially aid In lessening outbreaks of
any disease.
The education of children should not
consist In book-learning alone, but In
training the young alao In bow to
keep well when they ara well.
Hilt subject haa been given consul-
r.raple atteu-'on in Creat Hrltaln. pud
among the acta oaaned during 1914 re-
lxi',1.' to education are three court'.n-
i»d with tb* nrovf«fnn of meat**, flag.
land, Ireland and Scotland each being
given an aet of ita own. Dy theae
measvivf practical and scientific education li given In a branch ot domes-
Ue economy that has great Influeace
upon the coning generation.
The ear* ot tit teeth, the examination of the eyea, etc, of the children
should be regarded as being ot as
much Importance is their pragross In
thatr stadia*. In thet. It la frequently
owing to .fefeetlve vtsios, adenolde, and
other trouble*, that youagsttr* do not
make aatlifactory progTtt* resulting
lh Ui* Infliction of poalahauat eafrst-
ttttaa* ot the larger cities a daiy
qualified nurse It engaged whoa* duties art to look after th* physical w»'i-
beiag of the aehotara. tbli hat a
two-told haaeOL d*f*eta ara dlacover-
ed. tlw corraettoa ot which nay have
lasting lafltMaoe ttpoa toe eblM whereby tta powers ot aoqairlng kaowtodg*
ara Increased* also from a purely oumm*-
tary viewpoint as advantage |g obtain-
;*4   ttftihfc't***»     II ;     .-:,.,.* *     i    *
„ ■>•>>*» «**"-* mm--*    A,*j(r********4>t*   o*A>*
{edweat-toa **v*twam tmwmvt* 4li» rm*.
tutauMtt ei btoomn aeeratag. *
Ultriy •* hare heard a great deal
about poor teeth, and m th* rat* ett
theee la a great factor ia ralsiag the
tttadard of health, tt* Introduction of
a toeik-hmak drib into the
«tAiAAtkm.   AbtP   ---^--9-f-m*amm.    Ik*   A*^l|*Akf
^,. ^m^m^-p  ww mm^^omw mpt ^mmt Obmmtpim\^^^pow
mAlm m^-tm^mm^^^pmm^p^mmmo jj^m^^p mmm ^mm^m 5^
Hi  ^N^B   -.^w* oAU-9pP--t-mmim ^Wl
(trtwdlMW lha taMeta. amriah
llw Uaad.
fig •.-#r*#f*N mmm ot tpfntl eofasm.
Sytt*» k tgx
tgi^pm ma m^^^Pmm   Whilili mi I    tbm ■ "
■Win tw IWwWr TttfWtmh ugh
Jim)*    ttymp
> »m**mpt*m*>mirniim<>^^^ ff f;


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