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The District Ledger Jan 10, 1914

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Array ^ industrial Unity, Provincial Library   Jun 30-
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. "W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory,,
Uo, 20, VoL vn.
$1.00 A YEAR
Strike May Develop
Into a General One
DENVER. Colo., Jan. 4.—Charles
K Mahoney, vice president of tbe
Western Federation of Miners, tonight left Denver for Chicago, where
he will (Ubcuss with President Charles
H. Moyer the proposition of calling a
general strike throughout the United
States of all members of the Western
Federation of Miners.
.Much pressure has been brought to
bear upon officers of the union to
issue the. genera] strike call, according to Secretary-Treasurer Ernest
Alllls, who asserted tliat a voluminous
correspondence, both telegraphic and
postal, had been received here since
the deportation of President Moyer
from the Calumet district, and the
failure of Solicitor Dennmore of the
government department of labor to
effect a settlement of strike difficulties.
Strike Genera]
Secretary Mills was of the opinion
that a general strike it called would
not be confined to the metal workers
and tamers of Michigan, but would
be general in ite broadest sense. Support Ib expected ln such event from
the United Mine Workers of America,
who, because of their difficulties in
winning the Colorado coal strike, have
joined forces with the federation to
bring about government investigation
of Industrial conditions and the conduct of the strikes in the Colorado and
Michigan fields.
The calling of a nation-wide or
state-wide strike of the Western Federation of -Miners would rest with
the executive officers of, the federation, bnt would be Issued probably by
the American Federation of Labor at
the request of the executive board of
the Western Federation of Miners.
the Western Federation of Miners in
Houghton county, will be decided at
a meeting of the Michigan Federation
of Labor to be held at Lansing, Mich.,
on or about January 12.
Should the Michigan Federation of
Labor decided that a general strike Is
necessary, the executive council ot
the American Federation of Labor will
be requested to issue the call. The
iron miners have already Indorsed the
strike ln Houghton county.
IPresldent Moyer expects to return
to the copper country this week to
resume his command of the labor
forces. He asserted today he will go
directly to Hancock, from where he
was deported before going to the
meeting at Lansing. The bullet wound
in his back is healing rapidly.—Vancouver Sun.
*• Meeting Will Decide
CHICAGO, Jan. 4.—Whether a general strike of metal miners in Michigan will he called to aid the strike of
In loving memory of David Paton,
beloved son of George and Janet Paton, who was accidentally killed by a
runaway train at Fernie, B. C, Canada,
on Thusrday, the 9th of January, 1913,
aged 35 years.
One weary year has passed away
(And all this world seems dread.
How different would It all have been
'Had only he been here.
We think of him in silence;
No eye can see ue weep;
But treasured in our inmost hearts
His memory we will keep.
For him hath endless Joys begun;
He Bhinesin glory like the sun.
Oh! may we then our souls prepare
To meet <\ur loved one over there.
Peace, perfect peace.
Inserted by his father and mother.
Municipal Elections
To the Workers of Fernie.
For a num'ber of years I have noticed that the majority of the workers
rA n Earn It*    h^.V^    b-O"    THOr,    Or    1?"
apathetic with regard to municipal,
affairs. True, an occasional candidate
has been ran, but we have never made
an organised effort to get the number
of representatives on the Council that
we are justly entitled to. '
The satellites ot the capitalist class,
knowing full well that the workers,
and more especially the miners, were
fully awakened to their Interests Jnst
after the long strike we went through,
feared we would have ran a ticket st
that time, hence In order to frustrate
us, they used some precedent which
suited them, and struck a large number off the rotors' list, who for years
past had voted without any trouble.
While many of our men have possibly not yet been able to place themselves ln shape In order to obtain
their franchise, nevertheless I am
convinced that we will have sufficient
workers on the list to ensure us getting a Council from among our own
On this occasion, you will have placed before you a few representatives
of tbe party, who. at all times are
pledged to represent the Interests of
the workors, snd they alone. While
there may be some few among the
working men of this city, wbo may
have certain prejudices against a representative of the Socialist party, if
they would only trace the history ot
ths representatives ot ths said party,
they would find that they osn make
no mlstske by voting the Socialist
candidates Into every office. The
platform of the Socialist party Is such
that It compels them to st all times
ssk themselves the question: "Is this
legislation tn ths interests of the
workers!' If so, voto for It; It not.
they naturally vote agslnst It Hence
It ts their doty to at all times look
after their own Interests, and so doing
thereby protect yours.
1 will not at this time tike It upon
mveelf to erltlclna the action of the
present Msyor and Council, bat 1
would like to remind yon of this (set,
that It certainly behooves ns lo have
men on taw Council whom we can at
all times trust, for instance, tn Cum*
bertand on Vancouver Island, some
time ago, the mayor absolutely refused to call fn the special poHee on the
strikers. We can all well remember
the action of the Blessdetl Council at
tha timo of our last strike, hence In
order that onr own Interests may bt
fully protected, I think II only right
and proper that we should be fully
■represented bn the Council.
I would especially recommend, as already stated, the candidates placad In
the Held by the ffodsllst psriy of fur*
at*.   If tba workers o< Ferai* sre at! _ _
of the seme opinion as myself, or If, Is away too high for the two hoars'
and support, the same will be appreciated. I have no political allegiances,
and shall not be under the Influence of
other parties, and my position on tbe
Council will be independent.
_    -TliflWA .^-nft   In.., zirin-ainlAa nikl-nli T^
—       m. ■**-•.■ *w ***-™-v. -m-w *p. ,MV,|r.l33 irvlVU »—
shall always strongly advocate, viz.
fairness in the Interests of my own
class and strict economy. While this
policy may appeal to most ratepayers;
I realize the impossibility of pleasing
all, and shall not make any attempt
to truckle either to tbe "open towners"
or the "moral reformers."
The mine workers ot this town have
hitherto had little or no representation, and as a consequence their Interests have received as much attention. They are the body and soul ot
the town, and this, I maintain, is but
an additional reason why they should
receive aa much consideration and be
represented on the Council, the same
as other classes.
The present assessment of bur
dwellings is such as to keep the worker jumping to pay his rates and taxes,
yet in spite of this, the recent delln.
quent rate sale proved moat conclusively that the worker has been much
more punctual In making his contribution to the city treasury than most
of the business and professional men
of the town.
Another point, and this with reference to the voters' list, hitherto, considerable difficulty has been experienced In obtaining the franchise for.
householders, whilo somo two years
ago. even property owners had their
names removed from tho voters' Hat
owing to tba non-psynient ot rates.
The class affected by this was tbe
mine working community of the town,
snd the reason wss a fear by the
lilsasdsll Council tbat tbo miners
would attempt to elect their owa ticket.
I sm in favor of representation and
taxation, but do not favor tho latter
without the former.
With reference to ow finances. I
realise that tho strictest retrenchment
will have «o he practised If we wish to
place onr town In a position of financial aanjrlty. A certain amount of
work will havo to ba dons on the
streets and sidewalks this year, but to
attempt to ley down a permanent ton
crete pavement on Main Street (which
would cost approximately seventeen
to twenty thousand dollars), would bt
an extravagance on s par with building a street railway to the park. Extensions of the electric light are also
vary necessary, nnd as this to one of
tho paying properties owned by the
town, wo should give same every consideration, Tbe water mains will, no
doubt, also require our attention, as
their condition Is far from satisfactory, wWtb fact Is apjitiKiated by
the city engineer.
With reference to the payment or
Councillors, I think tbe present rate
You are going to elect your own council
if you want to.
You have experienced what the 'past councils have done for you and\will have the same
experience again—if you want it.
You know who is the backbone and support oj this town—do you want to assist in
administering it's affairs ?
You know that the workers can elect those
who will protect their own interests— then
vote for your own class.
\    The Mineworkers are the  bulk  of the electorate-
why not the majority ofthe council?
The Mineworkers are the moneyearners and spenders of the town and should be the governors - - make a
start on the 15th by electing: your own council.
Mineworkers of other towns in the Pass appreciate
the necessity of having: municipal representation--why
not Fernie?
Polling: takes place on Thursday. Get there on time,
register your vote and elect your own representatives.
Sad Fatality at
hosmer Mines
A very sad accident occurred here
on Friday afternoon about 4 p.m. A
youth named George Stepanow, while
following his occupation as loader in
the coke oven lorries, became in
some unaccountable manner caught
between the top of the lorry and coal}
bins at the UppU;. His neck was
broken and death resulted * instantaneously.
The inquiry into the death of George
Stepanow, who was killed at the tipple binns'on Friday last was held in
the police station by Coroner Wilkes
and a jury consisting of the following:
J. Asselin, T. A. Cornell.. \V. Ross, A.
L. Fortier, J. Emond and It. Hancock.
The first witness called was W. H.
Craig, driver of the dinkey, who stated that while backing under the binns
to get loaded up with slack he heard
a shout from someone and on investigating discovered deceased lying on
the track dead. He also stated that
he had warned deceased about being
inside lorry while loading. Inspector
Williams asked witness at what speed
he was backing under binns. Witness
replied dead slow. In answer to a
further question stated that he did
not know where deceased was riding.
H. A. Pruett, coke oven foreman, in
his evidence stated that he told deceased when "he started work on the
lorry to be careful while backing under the binns. Joe Maranlnio deposed
he was working on the lorry along
with deceased $nd on the date In question saw deceased climbing up, the
ladder while they were in motion, and
saw deceased get caught between, the
lorry and blnns. He stated that he
had frequently warned deceased about
mounting the ladder while in motion
and that he had himself been warned
by the coke Oven foreman about the
practice. Supt Shaw was put. on the
stand and asked a few questions by
the coroner and inspector Williams,
mostly relative to the distance between the lintel of the biuns and the
top 'of the lorries, and stated that it
was his intention to have same lifted
higher to have more room. The jury
brought in a verdict of accidental
Great  Strike  in  South  Africa  Starts
Today—Volunteer  Forces   Being
j strike of 35,000 South African slate
railway empiloyees is fixed for 7 n
j o'clock tomorrow morning and the sit-
i uatton has caused, a feeling of panic.
The country is faced with the iwssible
suspension of all industries. The only
hopeful feature is that me Cape railway men do not seem inclined to join
in ■ the strike and are taking time to
consider their action. They may possibly call for a ballot of the men. AU
the men in the Pretoria and Johannesburg districts, however, are going
out. After a hurried cabinet meeWng
at Pretoria, today, Gen- Smutz, minister of defence, with the minister of
mines and railways, came here to arrange with the authorities for the preservation of order»and for railway
Citizeus' defence committees and
volunteer forces are being organized
at Cape Town and Pretoria.
For several days the authorities
have been removing rifles and am-.
munition to places $t safety. All cadets' rifles have been called in from
the government schools to prevent
their falling into unauthorized hands.
It ls reported that unless a settlement,
is effected by Saturday a general
strike will be called.
The council of the trades tonight
decided to call out all the workers,
both members of the unions and oth- ,
ers, to help the railway men in. their
fight and t'o treat any men enroliea
as special constables as "scabs." A
consignment of bullion valued at $80,-
000, on its way to Cape Town, tonight
was stopped and returned to the
Standard bank for fear it would not
reach its destination The people in
the Rand are laying in supplies of
wood and coal. The Amalgamated Society of Engineers has decided to call
out its men to support the railway
strike.  '•
Calgary Unemployed
Want Food or Work
HARDER ON  the 15th.
Meet in the Socialist Hall, Sunday
Be at the Grand Monday Night
CALGARY, Jan. 6.—-Two constables
kept watch and ward last nlgbt outside the council chamber leBt the deliberations of the aldermen should be
disturbed by an Invasion of the "unemployed,"    The   report   had   gone
The first Ukeranian concert in the
Crow's Nest Pbbs was held In Union
Hall, Hlllcrest   The opening of the
™,v„,^,      ...»   .*>.*> «»— program  was  In  two  languages by
abroad that the "1. W. W," contem-1 i?«n> Sandulak In_ V^JB..." an?,,J
plated  coming down  in force, and, Alex Ktpryancsuk in English,
The fortnightly meeting of the Council and the Inst of the present assemblage was held on Thursday evening
last. Among those present were
Msyor Oats* Aldermen Roblchaud,
McDonald, Rissuto and Uphill, while
J. W. W. Morrison put in an appear-
ance at ths call of tins;
The minutes of the previous meeting were duly read and adopted.
Ths city surveyor's report wns
also rend nad adopted. A torn-
munlcation from Tbe Roaring Uame,
iLlmiU'U, a as tv-\-\ milk, ttttMvoie tu
tbe part payment tor Installation of
the water. It was claimed that s price
had been mentioned oy a city employee but thnt the actual cost was
in e*ci»ss of this estimated nmount.
The several aldermen expressed decided opinions upon Uie company's
method of obtaining estimates, nnd
thought thst lb* work bad been dont
very reasonably. The matter waa ai*
lowed to stand over for the next council to decide.
Councillor T. Uphill, who »»* one
tt tke committee appointed to meet
W. H Wilton, general manar-rr nt the
coal company, reported that he had
seen the latter Witt reference to the
they will give this matter their earnest
roasMefalloa. I feel aw* that the representatives of the Socialist party of
Fernie will top the poll on UU* occasion.
Trusting thst wa shall at* a gsn-
#r*1 awenw-fttf-iw of tho wmtrwr* tub*
ptae* on cta-rtton day.
J   .■4iU*J>**U,
Years In tkescti	
m«Mlng. aad would suggest that H*m
or W.*> per Councillor and t&M for
the Mayor per meeting would* amply
repay them for their efforts on behslf
of thn city,
la conetuloa p+rmh me to any that
f  vta-M flof tho noomtm* nt ♦M» ♦«w«
We an? reprinting helow recommendation No. 3. submitted by the
president In his communication to the
officers snd member" of the Local
Unions of District IS, V. M. W. of A,
sent on January 6th. A clerical error
waa made in the fifth paragraph, the
word "earlier" being substituted for
the word "lster." The recommends-
tion should read as follows:—
"Tlw* .V-'.kW: '"*, 8i . '.'.on !», H asnend-
wl so as to provide that nominations
take pine* at k-aat one month later."
A special meeting will be held in
tbe Socialist Hall. Miners' Block, at
7.30 p.m. on Sunday nest, aad aa the
matter under discuiHlon will be municipal representation and the attitude
of the party at the forthcoming election. It Is earnestly to be hoped that
every comrade and person Interested
In this most Important matter will be
The economic class will be held as
usual at 3 oo p.m.
.» —~» -u„—™.^u OIIICAaa Jan. «.-The judgment
wmmTmavor joins onncR !0f lb* »d"»l district court in Indian.
WHEN MAYOR JOINS ORDER j,po|[> ^melti* tQ ,,riMn M mwB#
Aav* Yt-mt Im bum af Tim* M* Maw 1 *** r* **' T** later-national  Aaao-C-iation
•aysTHatwcoursa^af Tirna Ha Mayiof 8ln,rtOT, ,ron Work,r». was af
while not anticipating any trouble,
Chief Cuddy deemed It best to he prepared for all emergencies..
Nothing out of the usual course happened. There was a fairly big crowd
of men in the spectators' seats, hut no
one who could with any fair show of
reason be suspected of anything but
pacific Intentions toward the assembled city fathers.
Tbe matter of the unemployed came
up, off and on, several times during
the session, but there were no fireworks. It was first broached when
Alderman Frost gave notice of tbe
Introduction of a motion to prohibit
parades such as that which was broken up by the police on Saturday, unless the paraders should first secure
permission of the chief of police to
march. It was referred to the city
Tbe city clerk read the night lettergram received by Mayor Slnnot from
th» "Publicity Comtnltte,«" of Kdtnon-
ton on Saturday demanding the release, forthwith, of the arrested leaders, threatening in default that <S50
members of the "unemployed league"
would march on Calgary like the forty
thousand Cornlshmen in the song, and
"know the reason why."
Chargs of ths SU Hundrsd
The messsge was followed by a long
letter In the same tenor, signed hy tbe
"publicity committee" which warned
Calgary of the "undesirable publicity"
which would follow if the six hundred
and fifty actually did march, and protesting against what wan t*era«d "the
twr'nr'nit rro'hnftm ft' ».hm 'ml' p»n "
Roth •f'ommunlcnilons were ordered'
Anot5.fr kiur. tlii..; :1m*; from the
the first four items A. Kipryancxuk
gave a good English recitation. "Th»
Common Lot," and after another four
selections the president asked the
audience If any of them knew and
could give recitations or songe io
other languages. No one, however,
came up to tho stago so the program
proceeded. At the elbsing the president asked thc audience to sing the
national Socialist song. At 12 p.m.
supper was Berved and after etippmr
the music was continued until 5 n.m.
The money gathered from the Bale of
tickets will bo sent to one of our greatest social workers in the past, Mirha*l
Pawlyk, who is paralised and rripplw!
for life.
Ticket* sold   $!16.M»
Hall ••  *»»•<»
•Music  •••      13-$°
supper     nm
Other expenses — • • • •      ••"''
Total  W-'B
Iialanre  $7< I*
M. Klpryanciuk, J. Kunyokt. P. Ter
lecht and l>. Bsndulak comprised th*
The regular meeting of the abovt*
Loral Union will b<* held In Uv* Oil*
Hall. Ooal Creek, on Friday, Jan ».
at 7.30 p.m.
A np-wlal mass mating will lw< Mi
In the Omnd Theatre, Fernie, on Htm
ilny, .Inn   II. at 1 o'clock pm
mmln.ni*:  To dlscims thi> question
•of imprisoned miners on  Vancouver
.v., ~.«. .....   Inland: alw api»*nin» dMc«int-f*« '« th**
CaYgaVf branchi of Th* '''Itague,'" wa* j rH*trk* Conwitlon and oth«»r tm|»H*
r«ad, asking permission to hold piib-isnt matter*
Become One of Crest Army of
ths Unemployed
tic mwili.u* In Victoria miliar.' or vacant lots If tho consent of ownors
could be obtained, "without being dl*-
T. I'lMIIliU Secretary.
TACOMA, Jan. I. -Htsndlng In line
with fifty unemployed nn«n, Mayor W.  . . ,
W. Reymotir, of this i ity, today took j umi
the oath of allegiance and becaniH a'
charter m-»iub*er of loml t.i.  Hoio***!
of Am«rira, which  »#*■» installed at;
tha  llot#l  d« (Sink, an  abandoned;
•rbool buUdlnt now otfinM  hx nt*
{firmed, today, by th« fnlrH States \ tnrb#d by 'the poliw."
jl'lrvult Court of AppHtl*. hi-rt*. in tt j ~.—- - *...-*■
caae*.   Six case* w«r«* n<vir§f«d and
remanded to the !ow«-r t-oim  for r**-
eity Waring *tt*# «•<>*•* of eatbvt-»"'•" ,
and that Mr. Wilson ha4 very «*n*r- Iswpkiyed men.
onsly handed him the sum Of -flW to^;    •»*« lwv'«. th* h»»o Hot '« lMr*>
wards defraying the cost of saw*   *a*l»* Mr ieymour. said h«» wat th#>
Tommy   wns   eongratntated   t»y   the'osly ssayor who had ever a«**d*d the
♦Mayor mmm hl» mimi In we-enrim*  f■*•** ■»*«-»»*« of a hobo local
tbe dough. Warmly endorsing the movement,
Tlw Hays* ba4 a tew remarks w   U«Woc Seymour in raply §«M:  Wo
■take aaaot the amkabl* spirit that j ««■ «■» «•« *«» *!•« •»»» ,*!* 1
'< At Inst "Utility** ,« coming to Ui.»
firmtd, on Wj-dtn-edaj', .Itm, II Sin-
•haa *u»ri»«-d*t»il In n.-iMintr Irfimlon, Ww
i Vorfe ami t'Jthngo and th*» t'nnmltm
provinces topsyturvy with "Hunt j Hi*"
uf<! H'lll tr.r**n<t "*!«* fviff •*'» Vi-rvli'
when "Runty Pull* ih*» String**" opi»n»
a» Hm» itn.tiii
Th** story i* tin- t»<-m<« «f nlmpllt-lty
—jUNt a •lmt*'!»' chronic)*- of a Highland family, wh«w»« iiiih lift- l« ••Innt-lv
allied with tlw church. "Hunty Pull*
t.l*t» Strlttsa" lo aditii' tin- rou.rirj.>uiil;i.l
I wbo aavo ansa it, and ara sun tae f •*,.,*, m^ mrim***** thm hixr**. ♦%« »*.<« «*«»'' n«l«w. and anv nt*** ot *tm ■msvlth* Men** tt* t-v«M».
iitt.^k:\4.tt. ui iim Hif*ii*t tiVJOnUiiUnJ. tuMi
do not fsvor the political iuggUag and
napdoofla tbat baa Sana nm Iste «a
bf so maay of tba past Coseelflov*.
Trusting to ba favored with your
vote tnd confidence, 1 am.
iMttta U*W,
The Moose snd their frit uda awtem-
•■KM tn »h» Knight* of t'jtVi* Halt
laat   Monday   evening   and   ffi}.>y«>d
Wh»f    *H    VOtwt    ?h«    p-Wi'l-l**    MH'":\i
'not only of th* year bnt *<t+r liKld
U«d*»r JUooae »ti*plr*i. Th»» anrciHts
ef th*- *Bt#'rt!«Jni*n*,ni *a» In ii l.irr*
m«a«u»> due to the efforts of Minor*
8ween*y a.»4 Koutl.edg«<. wh«i a»stti»«<d
practically all the dutlra of (omailttiw ? affair* of h««r father. h«»r brother and
' M« ■hrtdf-trv-N** n-n tht* -mn-ml-nir «f mh^-t
$ttv tenefits
Members of «!i«datone l^w-a! I'rii«n
ar»« rv*tur<tt*t<*d to carry out Artirlf *»
of th«' Sirk Fund Hy-lsws, which r*««dii
sa follow*-    M«tnb*'m tali«»n al*-h fir
)« iilK    llljllM «i    slirtll    li|Hi(t    -JiltH1   li
«mihm» s«ini«- to lit* r«'|mn«*d t« th*> t.»»
<4l   fiibiii   Hii:r»>Uiry   ijitt.  l*ut< |-   ihan
u;,m    **«>t4   lift, t   Mi tt   *n H,«-*Mi   Ml    H.
Jury    No I***jKfiti« ^hail !»«• |*miiki| tm-
lens* xlAn rnV> in r(if«jitf»>it  wi'h."
1    I 1*1111.1., Hf*rrt*nr*
Mannefr Mli!»-r tfifonna it* ttm, h»*
hn* )Mt" r«"»n»'».« il Ir^m t» '-'i"'-! t't t'ni
gary,   wh«>r«>   l»»   l«i*   n«**lf   arrunaf-
m-Mttta  wilh  ,i  film 'twHmi.v   t..ir  ife»-
mn*l famons t*l».y*-r** filmii. wM*h sr»*
wo«M all n«M ngata la tba awaet bye-1 wh*>«»* m***** <« »nks t uy.
and bya. i  * ■ *-»——»——** —«.
Wbadbar this will be It* ilW taSMMr <**t»l«»liam Is st-st-nat IsdtvMeaHtv
t» aatbar msMm or Is tbe City Hall I Th# mpttatist Is asad* t« alak Ma ta<|>
—who esa tell* elduality In a eorpamtlon. and the
I h-mI.*.. ui lom hit aaM* In a auaaWr
*»lt t*t tht-  m«i*  'lift •i«"**   ►ffii-i-i   i*rt>
maUaatiuii of Ittt-r-wry motk*>   Ht* m*
• niA.i.l)  *.., «iii.«i 4 »|,i» mail (iruitriitti
%»4 *t**m- t** **'*> $*tt*trm nr** *tn» wmt
Jaa T. T. Joyce, son of W. Joyce.
Funeral will ba held tomorrow rrom
fV*if Cm** nt.   f o'rtnrlt
M tta raqasst of aasseroas friends
aa4 ratMayata. f bave -as-cwes to af-
far asysaff far s-fectbM apaa year Otwa-
PenaH see. tn the first pUc#. to
•tat* that I hart Seen a re-irtdent of
tbto sKy for tba test Hftaas Trsara,
«fnt*mr wtitrlt Vfrftttt 1 ftnn* wf'nvnntttt
th* vsrioas eataatraphles throasb
whtrb tmr efty bas paans*-*, and aim
«««b msnr rases nl mtsmana««^firat
frona tlm* ta tiaM by tba varkwa Coua
eila.  "*"    " **
la i
eaatiMate at tb* tonhrtmittn eNwtton*
f drt not mtend to canvass vote* bnt AH the thieve* la all the peniten-,
i&mM say nlttputt bars saWu-kw i tlsrtes bat-* not *.ail*ti ** tuiuk m *m
ttmfMHtipp ttt mt* to- fftw w# bf* rott' \ monfmlftfomtrf ttnn *nno
",11m"  MeXanthtwn,  pmldifit and
«fTi^ml mansgwr ef tltr lalu-mot and
, Hecla -Cornier C-tmpaay, tiassst cany
This mast. It my si»lory tf any a nrf eard. hat b* ts aaskiac tfrnli** a
for offetiias myself as s aamber of Dodatists tbess days.
fWaie Is to have « nouble visitor
on JSaaary It. Rev. Dr. & D Cbowa,
tba   general  superintendent  of  tb*
M«thodlet Church for tb* whole of
Canada, tapaeelas threagb tb*Crows
Nset mgkm anil hss a§v««d to speak \
bar* on Sunday, tbe I Ith. at tbe Meth
oiffst Cfitirrfi.    T7lo<t» irho faff f*i h.".'*
l*r. Cbowa will alas a rare speaker, a s .*•[,»,, - m
wan mho has •mnmhfns m v.* m*,*.,.' *
tw»iwi»*h r»manr  tutijwt* snd  c»n".*}^ „*,,}
sny th*m in a straw aad rompelling j ltiaf  ,&.,
*V* yht* *X" ■
... * j !n#nt nc*
Mr R-.bkbaad taforms ss tbat H ts
bis ir.Tr..
aa aid- r •
we nw*.
pt-Hiir !.','■■
ar» <.,:<-;
I that tti* •
• *rt.-|,« -     ■■
Aa naval, th-K i'wai » r»-«-S et«m**ttt »wa*t« have tmttx tn- *«-<ioihk **y, i>tn*
mttt- taet* and i.Hi«-4 in no *»ali (*-«*d*il to a neigbtioriag uliag*, chaas-
aMa«MW In HIM' *.»»#rf!*f««i#Bl„ wl«II**'*4 bif earn*  ma*» a *of*>#«-« in bn«I-
Mveral woU-kBown Fi>rnl* favorites | ntM, sad  t»«cam«  a pillar of  th* J terpt-eoa ttt th** un-ni mrlt**t% nt m»-
al«o aaai*t>«d the »)r4#r In *nt«irtaisln« I churrh.  Thirty y#>ara inter h* i» f<mnd  i»»h »#nt«ry
ib*ir vlab'ww. Awmnt ilium* ml*** «nm- 'by th# "girl" »Im»wi M> !#f' "*al»i»t at
ttksaM** a»M»t<«i .••!#.» m> tht- i>ruer«ni, ta* «i.>»n,«..     ash- *i«..r» j**** •• ««- .«•
nn to Again offer blamelf
in to the elpctora. While
ild very different oplnlona
*tfh certain candidate*, we
t*l to -*'.»• i- In all falraass.
- % haa n#yr*r **l#t-t«4 a mor#
...i'i,   *t*i* t't'. i -t-.tii* ..*<»■  ',«Wkii
: It St mir opinion tbat If
■   r*!v.*.   ,.-. 4,- .■■r,9* i * fly t*ri.,*i
rfiTlilti'.ltM*.   be-   %A*   ht*   tlOt , vm.1.
right   man.   Imi«   will   tt«{body was tboronsh
i*iA.t!.     Th* «w*t*  Mt  -pm* * y*Mkt1«*-vn»«   %**."*   »•
ftr frw» *a»»»fat"*«rr (»nd w*Jmfn*e tn ttrtmi
wm* tb* folio*Ina: J McMillan. Mrs.
IVr»j, Mlsa !b!«r. ft. Ramnon. A.
Prentice, T. Risga. «« Mosei and W.
Ow#n. *rhtl«» th« orrh'*tral ponl«n
wss la chant** *>( CLir'A** ivrc-y. *.*«»
Rassaay and Thm*.** .vUrtinobi!*-.
Tb* ratiarins »■»* 'l»t,«' by W   Rat
* Utt**.        9tll*)9t*       {„!,,'     .ft     * *',*Sf i  ,, , :.,9,.
sens werr v«rd
"ftl-.t   Ifl .      r, .   "-
h#*t !■»'*•<} ilifv  '
y si! !<f i># fs'»t only
b» lr.g forced tato a -iltasr-wabl* mar
;riaff> with a tour oij mail •.. «no-»>
hi' o««'s m«ri».y, •?!<»••» ultimatum >t
"jiay «r to tn jail for <Uht ** Th»-n
'it"*»tj"   pull*  the   etriii**   .t?*i5   ei",
him   out   at   hU   iitif.'.<-*»«!»!   i.r**wl!i»
«»#*iit,  amnEtt-p*  for  hi*   frarrac-   *•
II,t*   tlt'l   Itt* f * i a. ill •      .,,,**,    r-.iif ■: i
iber brotber Rab'a  lot** affair*   .'-n.
t*t,   ttnlur*1t.f    «* itlr.«».   *'it..t   ^.,»»,**i»,f
•     IHTm-JiK     JIHl     »nt«l     ».ll>      >M     lt*r
Krwuch   r«-**o!H!loh   *lll   hf.   d-rpictod.
,' -fittd and th**'
'if    r-Hf*.
  __ . fi   -t, it*.  ff»n-
Tb» atoatbCy nwtlat at tb* l**4:w* lewiatnly i*«»,*ire a man of bl* **-sp»>-1gratalatt-t*^  «»»»  ;*-■*-  »*i"» «f  t'u#
tmll4 ef Cbrtot Cbatcb vrUi be b*M ** iti*m*-* m-'-A tinntmt twowltNlf* t* tw* | *•*»!»*„ mUl** »%•«• «'■**<■*■ f"X. a rr**t
*nd   repair mt  t**twairb-fappr*HaWon for ;*ii »:•(-»*'- *hf a«ttar-
H-jii.itiT, *A,,' vu-n,
Th#r* *ill t>f
twitn#a** t./*   ■■-* *>'..*V
',   '-.-i i i .. , ,
l*t»» it%m Us
tb* baas* of Mrs. ftaarttag, m W#d-1 *«n«n:<
twltti'. Jan. If. u 110. *•«*•*•
StN» tb* dl»*l*ay <>i itriitr* »b<»*
tbt. Trtti«*-W*«^.* t'*^ b** %i*-
Tbea* are priwii .',.■.••.*ytH for o-*i*.
* <fi«!
* llf
n.o»r ant fin *n 4 far. at
!',.-    '
• *4l
ni iha' «t«o»
. i-ftt
' * '.]  ■
\X* y
t * ■
. ( V,    $.«"     '
«■" *'<"•*'
,      *
»• of ' Hob iti»
,tr thf- h«-r.t1'
■■ v.
.      .
* if
r*r- »
.     ,' *. -,           !
|t»i?i 1 tr, *c  ;
*    ,, 1,
:     t'Stt
% '
*■■*.   •*
,*•*■ -«
h.ttif«. ft-'**  •*-
**.*. *
t,< t
ill, I-l'
*t*i thnn"*' «i
4t\*'     It
91 ,m.
fc- Tefscarwtr
Organization of
By Austin Lewis
It must be admitted indeed thai
there is an undercurrent of hostility
towards the American Federation of
Labor among the unskilled of the
West. The labor leaders in the reports quoted refer to, the distrust witli
which their efforts are received at the
hands of the migratory laborers. Occasionally, indeed, at the meetings of
the Industrial Workers some one gets
«up and proposes to "scab the A.-P. of
L. out of existence." The suggestion
always receives a certain amount of
support and is accorded more or less
applause. But the influential members
are practically a unit against such sen-
timents, taking the ground that the
solidarity of labor would be irreparably injured by such behavior and the
morals of the working class destroyed!
They carry the audience by the ethical appeal. But it is obvious that such
an appeal has its weakness, and that,
the time might easily come when pressure might destroy its effect.
DlstruSt on the side of the unskilled
is met by scorn on the part of the organized. For. however sagacious the
leaders may be, and however skilfully
they may conceal their feelings, in
view of the advantages of organizing
the unskilled, they are in" advance of
the membership. The mechanics and
the carpenters have a snobbish disdain
of the unskilled laborer and they are
at no pains to hide their feelings. Thus
the writer heard Mr. Paul Scharren-
'berg. Secretary-Treasurer of the California State Federation of Labor,
make the statement to the convention
of his organization in 1912, that tlie
skilled organized men would not go
on strike for the benefit of the unskilled.
This is a blow at the very foundation of the organization, of the unskilled in the A. P. of L., for its real value
consists in the support which the individual unions may expect from the
unions associated with them in the
Building Trades Councils or in the
Central Labor Councils. Without that
support organization is nothing, particularly in the case of a labor union
wliich does not form a fraction of an
international union.        A. "' ■
Yet the attitude of the ordinary
trade unionist in such case is not at
all incomprehensible. In faot, viewed
from the standpoint of personal self-
interest it Js eminently commonsense
and commendable on general business
principles. Why should a trade union-'
ist put himself to the inconvenience of
a strike to benefit a poorly paid and
generally negligible member "of the unskilled proletariat, with whom he has
iio intimate relations and to whom the
members of his family consider themselves vastly superior In every way?
Viewed from the mere economic side
the idea must seem absurd to the
average skilled workman. Hundreds
of men earning respectable wages of
four or five dollars a day cannot be
expected willingly to expose themselves.to financial loss to secure three
dollars,a day for the unskilled. The
•property notion  ls  uppermost.    The
fn-ct' can hm readily anpr«wlnta^Th°
Recently, for example, the unskilled
workers in my neighborhood in California demanded a three-dollar-a-day
scale. They proceeded to enforce their
demand forthwith aud were fairly successful. Thereupon they fell under
the condemnation of the Building
Trades Council with which they were
affiliated, because tbey had not given
the requisite sixty days' notice. Their
action was declared irregular and the
council accordingly refused its endorsement. Subsequently, some five
months after, the demand was sanctioned by the State Building Trades.
Such tactics are simply fatal to the
unskilled. They cannot endure them.
Yet the basic underlying notion of the
A. F. of L. rests upon a hypothesis
which renders such regulations actually necessary.
The methods pursued by the organizations of the unskilled are admittedly not the methods which the regular
trade unions employ, for the conditions are entirely" different. iThat
which might be of use to the skilled
laborer of the building trades is worse
than useless to the unskilled. This
unavoidable difference in neccessary
tactics proceeds from an equally unavoidable and , essential incompatibility in economic position. This Incompatibility in turn renders any alliance
between" the',unskilled'and the skilled
workers in the A. F, of L. in the long
run impossible.
Neither does the fault, if that which
is unavoidable can be called a fault,
rest with the skilled worker alone. The
unskilled worker when he is organized
wishes to' improve his position. He
does not desire, as we have already
pointed out, to be eternally doomed to
the role of the unskilled. He wishes
to break into the more highly skilled
trades, and he will,try to do it. Already the tile setters in the vicinity
of San Francisco have complained that
the unskilled men organized in the
United Lab'orers and carrying an A.
P. of L. card have'J "scabbed" upon
them, and have set tiles without carrying a card in the tile setters' union.
There has been much, discussion about
it. It is expecting too much of human nature that these men should refrain from doing work which they and
their employers consider that they
can do. Carrying a.union card they
consider themselves union men, and
think that they are ill-used if their
card (foes not entitle them to make as
good a living as opportunity affords.
It is very difficult to meet their argument effectively. The only reply is
the admission that the tile setters'
union is an organization intended to
secure a monopoly of tile setting and
its emoluments to the limited number
of men who belong to the union. This
may be satisfactory to members of the
union, but hardly to those not members.""'
As the organization proceeds these
disputes will grow more common, arid
the incompatibility of the union of
.skilled and unskilled will become more
and more obvious. Of course, if the
A. F. of L. becomes more thoroughly
their very proletarianism, are able to  destroying  craft small  property
move even the mass of the skilled, for
as soon as they organize and enter'
upon their right they challenge the existing system at its very base.
Here, again, they fulfill all the conditions of the Marxian proletariat. On
this account they are able to move
large masses, even of the skilled, in
depends altogether upon the particular
circumstances of each case, .and involves too many factors to be success-,
fully examined at this' point.
In the meantime they are drlven-to
a syndicalist form of organization.
They are of necessity impeiTed to di-
times of industrial struggle and to ap- • rect action, not by any means, how
possession of an infiniteaimally small
piece of property ..will stand between
the possessor and the recognition of
labor fraternity. The skilled workmen
will not strike on behalf of the unskilled, nor will they make any other sacrifices In his behalf as long as they
hold an economic position which they
regard as Becure.
Neither will the skilled men consent
to recognize the methods which the
unskilled  must  employ in order to
achieve their ends.  The contract with
the employer Is the very essence of
tbe unionist position. An agreed Bcale
of wages and hours, to terminate at a
given time, with due notice and proper
legal formalities constitute a very essential part of trade unionism.   The
business agent exists to get and maintain these contracts, which are generally religiously and scrupulously observed.   In fact, If they are broken, It
is not usually by the workers but by
employers,   This does not necessarily
imply nad faith on the part ot tbe employer, but Is usually merely due to
the very obvious fact tbat tbe latter
can obtain better legal advice because
he is better able to pay for It.  A contract Is a legal document, to be construed In legal terms, subject to the
operation of legal technicalities,   The
employer ts quite at home here, for
the bourgeois always cheat one another in the name of the law,
Rut these agreements and delays
mean death to the unskilled worker,
who Is compelled by the necessities
or tb* ease to strike rapidly and bard.
Ills Ufa ta so uncertain, he always
stands so perilously near the edge,
that he can waste no time. Under
such conditions he Is Wound to coma
Into collision with the law of procedure established In the trades union
By J. B. Askew (Berlin)
It is certainly no mere coincidence
that at a time when public opinion, in
England has been outraged by a glaring example, of class justice the Prussian government should have afforded
a like notorious, case. It may not be
unknown In America that Ramsay
MacDonald, the 'theoretical authority
and guide of the English labor party,
maintains in common with his bourgeois admirers that class war and class
justice are terms only suitable to'Prussia, and ought presumably, like all imported goods, to be branded with the
words .'IMade In Germany" as a warning to all true sons of Britain to have
nothing to do with them.
It must have been a, double sorrow
to dur friend when the government of
his dear Liberal allies gave the clearest proof that the class war and class
justice were not German monopolies.
To observant men and women, hot
obsessed by -biological analogies or
confused 'by efhical phrases, it has
long been clear that England is a class
state in the basest sense of tlie word.
Even if class justice does not take on
so open a form as in other countries,
it is largely because English justice,
by reason of the heavy expenses involved on those wlio call on it, has
long been a preserve for the rich.
English justice proclaims the equality
of rich and poor before the law and
takes at the same time every precaution that the poor be kept away.
But now we may thank the Liberal
government for destroying what little
ground there was for believing in the
impartiality of English justice or its
independence of class considerations.
the skilled and maintaining the latter "'   ™J      ' '"" J
apply. But such industrialization will
not be accomplished by the proclamation of any particular doctrine, for the
work 'of the industrial process will;
first have to be more clearly manifested to the rank and file of organized
labor. In the meantime there will be
uo secure place in the A. F. of L. for
an organization of the unskilled.
It may be noted, however, that the
old form of trades unionism appears
fo be undergoing a transformation.
Even tbe political Socialists express a
hesitating but distinct preference for
the industrial form. They couch their
language, Indeed, in discreet terms, so
as not to give offense to the leaders
of trades unionism and to avoid tbe
risk of losing votes. They admit that
the unskilled workers are syndicalists
because they cannot help it and that
the first point in the program of English and American syndicalists ls the
propaganda of Industrial unionism In
place of the existent cra'ft unionism.
'If syndicalism offers the only opportunity to these unskilled men tbey are
surely not to be condemned for taking
it, and the use of the word "syndicalism" by them to describe the form of
their organisation can certainly not be
considered ns sufficient reason for condemnation.
We have already tried to show tbat
the unskilled cannot function In any
form of organisation of a craft nature.
The crafts will not move for tbem.
It Is necessary therefore that they
move tha crafts.
They can only do this by forcing
the crafts which will not strike on
their behalf into such n position thnt
they must cease work whether they
will or not In other words, the un*
skilled must be so organized that they
can compel the highly paid workmen
to share In their fight.
Wednesday, Jan.
Tremendous and, in some respects,
almost hopeless as it appears, this is
the strategic position in which the
unskilled must place themselves, if
tbey are really to impress themselves
uppn the labor movement and force
the, consideration of their claims upon
the more fortunate and better organized workers.
The recognition of this fact has impelled the unskilled worker towards
syndicalism, and has, given an impetus
towards the recognition of French unionism. This is not altogether satisfactory, for it must be admitted that
much of the activity of French unionism makes no appeal to those who
have been accustomed to the handling
of large bodies of men under conditions industrially in advance of those
in France. Some of the French manifestations are simply ridiculous, as are
indeed some manifestations of the
great unions elsewhere. Judging by
recent experience, on the other hand,
it can hardly be said that the German
unions, even With the assistance and
co-operation of the Social Democratic
leaders, are altogether admirable.
Be that as it may, the unskilled are
being organized in n'o other fashion
than by an approach to syndicalism.
The unions so organized must go
through their experiences, must face
actual conditions, and will either survive and be all the stronger for their
experiences or succumb. They must
prove their worth in terms of their
own life, like any other organization.
So far, however, we can say of the
syndicalist movement, as. Marx said of
the Socialist, that it is "puer robustus
sed malitiosus."
The unskilled must help themselves
and the only wa? that they can do so
is by*, forming an organization apart
and distinct from that of the skilled
workers, one which is in .fact the antithesis of that of the skilled worker
in concept and design. The unskilled
must constitute themselves the nucleus, They cannot be grafted on to,
the existent form: they must take a
form for themselves. Their organization must be representative of common unskilled labor and not of accidentally skilled labor. Therein lies
their power.
The realization of that power Will
come from the inherent and unavoidable hostility of the skilled trades.
Had it been possible for the unskilled laborer to have made an alliance
with these trades, he might have remained in a subservient position and
leaned for help upon the crafts. Disappointment would then surely have
awaited him. The red tape of organization and the slow processes of the
propertied crafts would have throttled
him, and would have helped to keep
him in an inferior position. The impossibility of such an organization has,
however, made it imperative for the
unskilled laborer to seek his own organization.
Industrial unionists ■ so-called, and
even American and British Socialists,
are still obsessed with the idea that
the unskilled may be made an instru
peal to the fundamental and underlying proletarianism which the craft
form of organization obscured. The
Email-property notion of the skilled
under these circumstances becomes
subordinated. This would happen more
readily but for the hostility of the
labor leaders, who continually warn
their followers that an independent organization of the unskilled must be
ever, in the sinister sense in which
the term is employed by many Socialists. Tbat this is so is now receiving
practically universal acceptance even
among the ultraparliamentarians of a
decade ago.
What is this syndicalism, then, to
which the unskilled have been obliged
to turn? We cannot find a better statement than that which appeared in a
discouraged. Where the A. F. of L. j recent number of the  London   New
controls, the leaders kre able to make
their probition effective through their
control of the jobs. But for this, many
thousands of skilled men would willingly throw in their lot with the mass
and demand an organization that required tint one card and gave them an
opportunity of solidarity in an industrial movement.
The time for such a'consummation
is, however, not yet, The craft unions
must be subjected tb still further
pressure and their inefficiency must
be made patent. How far the unskilled unions can assist in the work of
Age as follows: "The object of syndicalism is ,to induce in the workers
a sense of solidarity and concurrently
to electrify the mass for corporate action."
Whatever objections may be made
to this method cannot have any
weight, as regards the unskilled, for
it is admitted that no other can be followed by them. It is clear also that
the pursuit of such a method on the
scale which its use would Imply must
be fraught with tremendous consequences to the labor movement—The
New Review.
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The Class Strugglerin
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In tlieir small property rights. But the
unskilled cannot allow themselves to
be so used. Tliey have no need to
make concessions, because actually
they hold the strategic position and
can ln the long run shake down tho
house of cards of organized craft labor.
This statement may seem absurd Iu
view of the great number of unskilled
and the apparent Impossibility ot weld*
ing them into a harmonious and effective organization. But It will soon be
easier to organize the masses of the
so-called unskilled than it was only a
few years ago to organize the carpenters, wbo worked by threes and fours
ln small shops here and there under
various competing employers.
The machine Industry rules the
mass of unskilled proletarians. It
drives them to work together in unison. It forces them to keep time with
the industrial machine and ln so doing
teaches them the goose step of industrial organization, for organization hy
the employer Is the first step to the
self-organization of the employed. In
that faot lies the real significance of
the teachings of Marx and Engels, who
showed that apart from all philosophical abstractions and ethical considerations nnd apart altogether from
any humanitarian notions, the machine
industry Itself creates the brain-stuff
of tbe revolution. Preaching cannot
put the Idea into the mind of the worker. Pacts themselves force hint to revolt. Facts also teach him the method
of revolt, This method takes more
and more tbe form of spontaneous
mass action. This Is the reflex upon
the mind of the workers who have
nothing In common and never have
had anything In common except the
fact of common environment, a common subjection to the machine Industry. This Is the reason tbat Die unskilled arc goaded into ma** action
wherever the machine Industry bus be.
come established.
Tho unskilled aro In the basic Industries. They «eally hold the strategic position, for tbey can hoist the
whole industrial fabric into the air by
abstention from work. No sentimental
bonds control them. They are not
subject to the ethical and patriotic
concepts which have drugged the
minds of the organised skilled work-
••rn.   Thi«y have no llluNlons nbout Uie
Sir Edward Carson and Lord Londonderry, who have been allowed for more
than a year to organize ia Ulster an
armed rising against the government
without any steps being taken to
check or prosecute them, with that
accorded James Larkin, the trade
union official, who on the strength of
"a single speech In which he had said
not a hundredth part of what Carson
has said daily, was condemned to several weeks' imprisonment. When we
consider that the law by which Larkin,
was convicted Is between two and
three hundred years old, and that the
fact that he spoke disrespectfully of
the king was among the points of the
Indictment, It is fair enough to speak
of the whole proceeding as farcical.
But it must further be skid that not
even in Prussia, the classic land of
prosecutions for leBe majeste, would
It have been possible lo convict a man
on the strength of such words aa Larkin was accused of using. Many a
comic paper In Germany could have
been convicted over and over again,
had a similar rule prevailed. It is
easy to see why the English government has no need to pass an ant!-
Socialist law. since she may revive
obsolete laws from previous centuries. Fortunately the mighty protest
of tbe British workers compelled Lar-
kin's release.
Another case of class justice In
England waa that of Sir Rufus Isaacs,
who Instigated certain colleagues to
a transaction somewhat similar to
tbat of tbe Krupp case in Germany,
and was then made Lord Chief Justice
of England, In this capacity he alts
In Judgment upon men guilty in many
cases of crimes less serious than bis
How the courts under the feudal capitalism of 'Prussia mete out justice Is
shown In the Krupp case. It is important to bear In mind that here the government was tackling the most pow.
erful of Oerman capitalist firms, In
fact, it might almoit.be said that ihe
Krupps, with their allied banks, embodied German capitalism, and to indict a member of that firm was, In a
sense, to Indict Uennsn capitalism,
militarism and Imperialism. How unwillingly the government disturbed
such a hornet's nest was shown by the
careful manner In which the public
prosecutor—usually so keen when after an ordinary crlmlnal—thl* time
Ignored the most obvious questions,
naively explained by one of the directors that the Krupps, In trying to
buy state secrets,;were actuated not
merely by a desire for profits but were
thinking how to find employment for
their workmen—those workers, whose
interests they had previously guarded
so anxiously against the insidious
wiles of Socialist agitators and trade
union organizers! Yes, indeed, the
Krupps were,proven to bg, not only
patriots, but philanthropists as well.
In the Fatherland the German official has always been held to be a
model of incorruptibility. How awkward the situation Is at present may
be Imagined when lt is considered that
the Krupp board of directors consists
largely of ex-ministers and other high
state officials, who have exchanged the
dignity of state offices for a directorship. That such directors would have
access to ministers and even higher
powers, and thereby be in. a position
to render peculiar services, the Krupps
well knew.
That so much of the facts in regard
to this case ever reached the public
was due to the Socialist press of Germany. The extent of the bourgeois
government's fear of certain. Socialists may be gathered from their clumsy and of course unsuccessful attempt
to dictate to our parliamentary representatives what members should be
excluded from the committee to investigate the armor contracts. By
their objection to Karl Lelbknecht the
government has deprived this inquiry
of any value it might have had in the
eyes of the public, who now conceive
it to be a mere whitewashing effort.
Corruption and Its twin brother,
class Justice^ are the two prevailing
characteristics of capitalism equally
In Liberal England aud Conservative
Germany.—The New Review.
value of political action, for they have Kspianatlons  were gravely accepted
lift        tl/ktl. IM*^*' itlLM X-9.9        ^9.tm9t9 9m^9i^-..t t~m t     .... .**    1        A. * ■ . ■*. . *
no vou-. They can hn nrgnnlxH, In
deed they aw. apparently slowly, but
really very rapidly being organised.
Tliey nro !enmlti« thi' trick of con-
ifitfd MtiMiui. Tliey will not wait to
hn organised by tin- skilled worker*,
in fun, (ItH ekiiled worker* cannot or-
tf sex hveriene Is to be taught In, our
public schools the human race will die
out In 150 years, says Bird S. Coler,
the well known Tammany politician
and reformer.
There can be no doubt about It, for
•Mr. Coler asserts he bag statistics to
prove his atlertion. He has studied,
he says, the, birth rate statistics of a
number of women who were trained in
a college where eugenics and sex
hygiene had been taught for many
years, and his deductions therefrom
prove his contention. M
He didn't give the name of the college or the number of women, or how
the statistics were collected. Great
minds tike Mr Color's are above such
petty details and particulars.
Butj accepting the assertions, it
would be Interesting to know from
Mr, Coler just bow and why this
knowledge prevented wbmen from
having children. ,
Sex hygiene, nfter all, is nothing
more than teaching people how to
preserve their health through a
knowledge of the sex and sex functions which.all of them naturally possess, And eugenics Isnt anything
more than knowledge of how to Improve the race physically, to bare
"better born babies," as tbe eugenlsts
What, tnen. happened to these
women T Did they use their knowledge to weaken and destroy their
bodies by completely suppressing
functions which this knowledge enabled them to recognize aa normal and
Or did they refuse to bear children
beyond the number that their knowledge told them they could do, without physical Injury to themselves, or
tbat they could comfortably rear, support and educate?
That Is probably what Mr. Coler
means. Ills Idea seems to be that
women Hhould bear children unthinkingly and without any regulation, he-
cause it is a "natural function." Their
out put should be determined, not by
themselves, but by the nird 8. Colors,
and the latter put no limit on It. Just
let the -ujjlldren como rltht along,
without let or hindrance. The women
Inn •; no business to think about chi'-
ViWr   t.M*.'r)\' iTiVr   i»i   ii'   J)v!'!'   ,r," ''•"*■"' '\
Till: KAVOWTK <>K TWO"iV^vi'lNKNTs! wilii
Dawsey McNaughton as "Bunty"
Prices 50c to $1.50     Scats at Suddaby s
which, under ordltia>v clrcunutancea,
would  have  aroused only  laughter.   „_     „ _  .„.
When certain witnesses were at a |<lrun; they have only to hear them. It
lo*   to  explain   tliolr  conduct,   the I in n "natural function," and Ihe thing
courteous presiding judge was good I to do Is Just "let nature caper."
cnouah to suggem an explanation fori    If we can lmi«ine people following
         them.    They   were  acquitted   of   ajColer's  advice in all "natural  func-
aaiilie them.   They will nevertheless charge of treason nml found guilty of I tions"  without  restriction,  th*  rare
h«w» an orgnnlznrion, for they will or-1 bribery.   Hut li is curtain that many t would disappear In much  leu* tlm*
imtxulit' \Utiurn-\ii-r,. nml the}  will nr » poor devil of a »py im* been given  than the lt,u years he fives It.
asnlxe thcmsolvPH ns N,vnrt|cnllnt*.''        " long sentence on nvldence far |#m*i    lOuilntt In a  natural function,  Bwi
rnekllM workers have an Identity!)<•««!».    When  nn  attempt   wns jhow would It he If it were not re-
nf   t*tti*9f.'*    •i'»'i    ii,.*,    ,..**,.„     t.i ' Willi*   »i"»   *»f>fr»*mt   llir*.   .,,.,„      I ,*
Identity of Interest with the skilled »I™*""1 «•»»« bribery wis prolnhlv n
{■.'■tt-nt ui ua«ri*»t. iiu*A«*«r.. i« the , ''••■■»A*1"'* »-***>"»«.• ul -..iiiiuiiinn, tne
Imp Hiii/* fon c lo omiilmloti. Tin' ■ "ovcriimcnl and the capitalist > !«*«««
political HociallRt*. particularly the •00" "»* ,h»' »<»«,h a defence might
..fi *iim, arc niskina their fundamen- j«° 'or lh,< K"M»P*. hut it would give
tal tiiiMitke at thl* point. They araue 'i"* '1""> against capluilsm entirely
ttin' tlm Intercuts ot the prolcUrtauw  "*^?,y   ,
*   .    ..,..**.   .*.*»   a*..!,.*,   I UK   V^|l,Ldll»l,      , **•"-     *•■»"»■>    «*H>»|'|>    I****    ftl.U*U   X*l
m li. tu<<t they are. but ihey Ignore the 1,av«' "f^red gun* lo the French go*-
f»< t t!i«i On* lnt*»re*ts of the soculled 'rnment Jimt before Ihe outbreak Of
prolnnrlnn* sir.- not alway* Identical ''A'* -Frannrtlermaii wnr has not been
♦ Uh on., another. When n roattfr of' «''«*«'d «<> disturb the reputntlon of
:>ropertv I* Involved, even If ll be only 'i'*" r,rm "* a m0*,<'1 of Herman patri-
Mm. ffaiicii'iil and uncertain property , °'l»m. "«>   more than the fart that
'Iiey    nilitpl'td    »rmor   nt«t<»    in   tM
imiTf'"!!!  Rivernnvettt .*{ about halt
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail    TobUCCOHtst
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
The question is asked. We!
answered: "Look around you
and see.
Investigation Discloses That
ReallEatate Prlees Are Advanc-
InQo ,,,  C(A  c,#
•»•   • • • •
Are you alive to the sltua*
tion?   If you are we can ahow
you a place you can make a
big profit on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here
Dirt Cheap.
Mrs. S, Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
BuopttB Pita Room Rata
Me. toi Up wtrdi
American Hu Rata
$2.00 per Day
(Late of Hixon and Ferguson)
Oall up phone No. 67 for repairs to burst plpss and all
plumbing troubles    it     t
Shop - Fellat Ave.
Near Hospital     •     Fernie^ B. C.
Mr. Coler. however, on* wim* ree. I   When thai democrats «et In nower
*r fhpv wanted »» nr i>o*»*   Vt*t> ■    "  X     ,     . *      ,   """""" ""
wim. (»■■*>■   n» /u*»«a   -jw «*.i^ t-^-t'*.-**.'t*i**.***- w» 4&« tt»m*a -rata.
r«m   SSm Utod « Mn.ta '"I'NwlWl'y  »jH»k!»*,  then  It  will
t#«» fttte tftv republicans a aiwfcing up.
niln wViimi tin1 rrjiitMli-iiii*.. #1*1 lu ^n,nifj
they itlve the democrats n shaking up.
And they both give the people « Making down all the time,
Success from a capitalist viewpoint
hi   .,l*„lr*l„l,   .,    .,■,.*!. I, ■
In »klll, Interesm become differential-
•' ".- ! '.!■,■■•••.■ - iii' '.,■■' ii-.* null.-.I i.v '.'rally purposeful action.
Il'l*    HiCit'    lin»k!Mf"l    hv    '.'i r- ip,-    nf
II    A
. #--**'»».«.   *•-*-*.*   *»**»
whether Mipv w«n*ed »» t**- **<*.* *
2,   tram   h-Vie!? L«  A'imSJ\Mn*t of ,h« ,ow me»^'  t»**™ *
reiraum irom  navina more children rnii>r    Ttu>r« unri'i im ■„» in.,i n
than »lie«»n mtoh besr and preeerre»oT!    T"*™     °-\    Jj JMUr JMM »■
Miftt£!& »n «t .« »..«k   .i.-»l"n«ll,»r b»W^Inv«iiver better edi*!llv« from the sweat of other men's
can  SET bi£3 ?oi mueh    if % \nim- W0r* fcB0*>«<»*» ««> *»pertor brows.
atomarh  tanbo IhiJS   «wei«aii  rwi0D,»'1 imw*T'   n  8   C  '»• th,r*-  - -
wiowitrii tan oo aouneu, overworked \tnr» nut nf it    u* *n<i ku iik> win     .	
and nenkened by continual demandi S«n«»V \r\*\ ill ™?Mi lm ».«.r     ,n » lt'c,ur<' ■' HheineM. 1'rof. J. O.
upon It. so can the aeuertltlve ortana  l£.Pffi, "*    0rW     "             Arnold  stated  that,  though  the bla
Thn Coler hypothesis evidently Is Mm
ihat reproduction can onlv ho kepi up I
tUfmuh   *****   'itftntittit't*   tit   ih,.   r..ncfi. *.   TU* b-KAt i»U*.*K U> mt,\ «ti util |iim>
the price demanded from their own. Idueer*.   I«#t them acquire knowledge I '"N01 l» on the dump heap,
An   aur-pwriwi!   whh-li  Knifip  *>niered 'nt nh.it th#*v tn, t*t,int, i1f, • .i|fJ   tti(r
into  with other sunmnkifro  provided j cease la do It    If llim *rrn tlie ease, I    The N>» York ('alisbon'a that many
thin they should not compete against the human race would! have rome to of the child slave* of the sooth art
««»ch other In  their own  countries. ]an end thmnmnds of >e»r» ago,  Wo- lineal deacendama of the men who
(Thus were monopoly price*ensured In  men have kept the race going millions ftnight for freedom during the ravo-
   t th^lr home land, while In eounlrle* jof years In tfcelr lenoranee, and now lutlonary war.   It proves that csplts!-
outeaiv aro#* e&umm, cures cotoa. < ■■■*•> the United States Ihe advantage that they are becoming enlightened l*m majieo the freedom won hy war
<u.*i«THi.i<<...Ar A*a'u«6« ne*.%« j ot <'ompetltlon »»* enjoyed.   It was they will <i«it—In 150 years. Impossible to keep.
naval guns .take nhout «ev«n mont ha
to build, ano eout perhaps about C!W.
wm, their ttveraw* life w«s eight seconds. The gun ts capable of firing
about 200 iouua», *U«ii erowion so attacks the gun i«ii* aa to render tbe
firing Inaccurate. You fire V» rounde
of shell, and the time that each shell
ls In tbe gun la .04 of a second. Tbat
works ont that the actual working
life or each of these guns |* nbaot
eight seconds.
^3J2G 'T^*'-"**-.4*^!
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Creek.   Sick Benefit attached.
T. Uphill. Sec
Fernie, B. Q.
No. 2497
Meet every Tuesday evening in
the Athletic Hall  at  7.30.    Sick
Benefit Society in connection,
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer. B. C.
Mo. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached."
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday.    Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached. \
Michael Warren, Sec.
Canmore, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet socond and fourth Sunday
In month. Sick and Benefit Society attached,
'J.'.Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock ln the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Meet every Sunday afternoon
in Miners' Hall, 2.30.
Frank Barrlngham, Sec.
Box 112. Coalhurst P. O.
LOCAL No. 3026
Max Hutter,  Secretary.
Georgetown, Canmore,- Alta
No. 2683
Meet every alternate Sunday at"
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
In Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached..
Thos, G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Thos.,G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 431
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 ln Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
*     L. Mooroa Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
ln the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec.
Box 36, Bellevue,-, Alta.
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Sec.
,     No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock  in  the  Club Hall.    Sick
Benefit Society attached.
•' John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.
The Socialization
of Saving
By Arthur Wallace Calhoun
Professor of Sociology and Economics,
Maryvill-e College
We Handle All the Good
Things You See Advertised in
the Big Magazines.
THIS store is headquarters.   You
will always find here everything
you would expect to find in a
similar store—and many things more.
We specialize on articles of genuine merit Articles
we have tested and tried ourselves and we can recommend and indorse.
You will find here all of the good—the best—the pick—
of the standard household articles advertised in magazines.
We add our own guarantee to that of the manufacturer's.
It is worth while to consider the
logic ot the renewed interest at present manifested in Poor Richard's gospel of frugality and the simple life.
"\Vhat is the significance of the emphasis that certain economists have been
putting on the virtue of saving on the
part of the masses? and how much
value should be attached to the doctrine?
The first thought ihat suggests itself in this regard is that the doctrine
in question is calculated to be a stout
prop for Capitalism, about whose future some of its own adherents seem
to, be more dubious than the more
hopeful Socialists are certain. It is
well known that the man with a few
dollars invested is likely to be more
possessed by the capitalist spirit than
the man with a milch bigger stake.
And even the workingman with no
savings, If only be nave sufficient
hope, is likely to stand, not with the
class to which he now belongs, but
with the class to which he hopes to
belong when he shall have saved
enough to make him, as he fancies, a
capitalist. If, then, the practice of
saving can be diligently cultivated
among the masses, a reactionary tendency may be -injected into the ranks of
labor that will make the frugal Workingman more or less immune to the
advances of the Socialist who wishes
to convince him that he belongs on the'
proletarian side in the class struggle.
It is evident, therefore, that, whether
intentionally or not, the advocates >;of
general saving are playing into the
hands of Capitalism, as against the
assaults made "by Socialists on the
present custom of interest and profits.
Of this fact the Socialists are aware,
hence their tendency "to disapprove
any general propaganda made in, behalf of the doctrine of "saving."
It Is a cotamonplace that ln so far
as saving is for the purpose of investment, and not merely as a safeguard
of the future, its advantage consists in
the fact that it gives the saver the
privilege of participating in the fruits
of other men's labors. Its benefit depends largely on the fact that relatively few are able to save. If everyone
were saving, the result would be that
everyone would be taking toll of other
people, and would himself be giving
part of the proceeds of his labor to
other people, resulting in a state of
j affairs not unlike that of the cast-
j aways on the famous island who lived
by taking in each other's washing. For
if everyone were saving, the supply of
capital goods would soon become a
white elephant, and would .be largely
sterile, because far in excess of the
needs of society, o
Such considerations suggest seme
criticisms of the traditional philosophy of saving." ..*,,,
Shall a man save in order to fyave
Tvuuuuaiit   "ricauS  Of  eDJi^*jBieti^4lr!*TilS'
later years, when he is less capable of
work? But as his capacity for work
decreases, in like manner does his
capacity for enjoyment decrease, and
he finds himself convicted of Irretrievable folly in missing enjoyment when
he might have had It, In order to make
it financially possible at a time when
his sensibilities have so lost the keen
edge of youth that he can enjoy It only
a feeble degree.
Shall a man save In order to give his
posterity an easier time than he had?
Experience shows that beyond a certain very moderate amount, such unearned godsends are deadly rather
than helpful. They blight the talents
of the children to whom they come; or
maintain'in high places weaklings unfit for survival. The experience of the
past in this regard shows that unrestricted inheritance is one of the
blights on our supposed democratic
equality of opportunity. The man that
cares to perpetuate this system of
special privilege may be a kind father,
but he is not a wise father, and assuredly he is an execrable citizen.  '•.-„
Shall a man then save in order to
lead an easier life, by taking tribute
of the industry of others? Surely it
will be agreed that the citizen that
refuses to employ his own capacities
for social service is in his way as
despicable as the man who, with fewer opportunities, turns his talents to
preying .on society by criminal violence. Or, if it be granted that he Intends, to engage in some dilettante
philanthropy, or other police employment, with intent to benefit society,
what reason have we to suppose that
his aristocratic self-confidence is a
better credential of fitness for such
work, than was the vision of the rustic who saw in flaming letters P C
In the sky his call to Preach Christ
but was informed by a kind friend
that it probably signified rather "iPlow
Corn." It would surely seem that we
need some better test than individual
fancy for the selection of our social
'Shall our incipient capitalist, then,
save in order to gather into his hands
the power to dominate, firstly in the
industrial world, "and thereby in the
world of government, culture, and ecclesiastical activity? Certainly the
situation In which society finds itself
at the present writing would suggest
to the friend of social well-being that
there is no need of encouragement to
accumulation with this end In view.
And it Is scarcely honest tp encourage
a host of petty savers by holding out
before them such hopes' pf dominance,
which are as certain to make ship-'
wreck as were the chances of tfte traditional American boy to attain the
Presidency of the United States. The
minority stockholder is the Joke of
American finance.
To what end, then, and to what degree, is saving commendable? Was
the old gospel of frugality erratic and
desultory? By no means, Private
saving had its place in its day. just as
did slavery. It will be granted that,
in'an age of deficit, when man's utmost efforts were, on account of the
lack of proper instruments of production, incapable of accumulating a surplus'for the whole people—it will be
granted that in such an age of deficit,
slavery which secured a surplus to
the few, whereby they could enjoy
leisure and thereby develop/thO Instrumentalities of civilization, was a
means of social progress, preferable
■tO   o   StaT-S^tir—pfiiiriti're—-eqtlaUty   te
stagnation! .But slavery was1 a system appropriate only to such an age
of deficit. Similarly, the accumulation
of capital by private individuals was
appropriate to an age of deficit, when
society was too Ignorant' and crude to
be able, out of its scanty production,
to safeguard the Interests of all and
provide a permanent capital for future
production But its validity ln such an
age of soblal poverty does not prove
the necessity for private saving In an
age such as that upon which we are
entering—an age in which mankind is
Coming increasingly ijuo possession of
all the means to an abundant life for
all. It would be strange if, in such ah
age of social surplus, society should
remain content to gather its capital in
the same old whimsical haphazard way
that prevailed in the ages of economic
barbarism. We are waking to the fact
that saving is appropriately a social
function that may not safely be left
to the caprice of a host of unsocial individuals.    ', '   .,   -,   ■■
To what degree does society benefit
from individual "saving" as it now
In the first place, much of the
money accumulated by our blessed
saVers goes into real estate speculation. Xow, whatever may be the consequences of such deals, assuredly
they do not add to the amount of productive equipment of society. -They
may .stimulate the opening up of new
fields, but there is no indication "that
A,merica needs stimulation ' to the
hasty exploitation of her natural resources. Whether the flow of funds
into real estate swells prices in a
.given locality or helps to lower the
rate of returns on money, there is no
indication that it adds one iota to. the
equipment by which society makes its'
Again, much of the money saved
goes. Into the needless duplication of
already existing capital. Our mills
and factories running at half pressure,
our railroads hauling half-empty trains
along ^parallel tracks of supposedly
competing lines, our hordes of starving grocers and other small dealers,
all testify to the fact that it is possible for a society to overcapitalize, to
encum'ber itself with an excess of
equipment. Certainly savings turned
into such wasteful duplication is of no
benefit to society. It adds nothing to
the real means of production. It is
fictitious capital, unworthy of the
Moreover, when a man saves and
puts his money in the bank, it may be
loaned out to some spendthrifts who
squanders it forthwith. Obviously such
an event is not saving at ail, but is
merely vicarious spending. The fact
that B has: spent wealth belonging to
A; and that A. bas thereby a claim
against B, has done nothing at all to
augment society's productive equipment. The "saving" has been of no
social benefit.
It Is scarcely necessary to mention
the type of saver thar simply hoards
his funds away iij some place of fancied security. Such saving is obviously without social benefit.
We are thus reduced to the conclusion that the only case in which1 private saving is of social advantage is
when the money saved is invested in
some form of capital goods of which
society is in actual need, that is, when
the investment goes into softie line
that is not only undeveloped, but is, at
present, in need of development.
It is doubtful whether those that so
confidently urge everyone to save
have taken all the foregoing considerations into account.
It remains to consider what method
of saving is to be recommended in the
one case in which* saving is socially
beneficial. Shall the task of providing the capital actually needed for
legitimate Industrial development re
activities of numberless irresponsible
individuals uninformed as to social
needs, uninformed as to what steps
others were taking. The riot of reckless enterprise, seeking gain by finap-
cial juggling, the encouragement v)f
uncontrolled squandering, and by all
the other devious ways ol capitalistic
finance, has surely by this time
brought us to our senses. Saving and
investment are, conspicuously, social
functions not to be left permanently
to private judgment.
Already much saving is being done
by collective agencies. A well-ordered
corporation takes pains to create a
surplus, even contrary to the shortsighted preference ot its diVidend-
greedy stockholders. Collective saving
has in so far superseded individual
saving. .Moreover, numberless enterprises under public ownership yield returns sufficient not only for maintenance ..(which is in itself a form of saving), but also for extension, or for the
development of new public enterprises. These two forms of collective saving, corporation and. municipal, point
the direction of future social policy.
The time may not yet be ripe for the
replacement of the old method of private saving. by the new method of
corporate saving, but it is bound to be
more and more recognized that saving
is essentially a publi<> function and
must be performed by some agency
representing the whole public.
The upshot of our inquiry into th«?
logic of saying rather dismantles 'he
The  Dangers of
Tou simply can't be well—that is, -'
really well—if your digestion is bad,
for your very food may poison you
unless it is digested. That is why indigestion (imperfect digestion.) is the
root cause ot" nearly all our minor
ailments and of many serious ones too.
Food should .nourish ypur budy, and
make good the daily waste which never
stops, but -it can't do that unless your
stomach digests it. No wonder dyspeptic men and women are always weak
and ailing—they're starved and often
poisoned too. Starved, mind you, not
/or lack of food, but because they
don't digest tbe food they eat. Poisoned, .not by eating bad food, but because
ttit-n stomachs a-re weak and their
bowels inactive, and so the food they
eat ferments and gives cuff poisonous
gases which are carried by the Wood
stream to every part of the body. It
■s because Mother Seigel's Curative
Syrup possesses in a remarkable degree the power to tone, strengthen and
regulate the action of the digestive
organs—the stomach, liver and bowels
—that it is still, after forty years' testing, the best known and most successful remedy for indSgeation, constipation,
biliousness and the many distressing
ailments which are traceable to a weak
or disordered condition of thr-Pi- important organs. Success broods Imitators, and thwe Hi* many so-called
familiar ethic of frugality. The way substitutes for Mother Seigel's Cura-
to social progress is not along thejtive Syrup, but none of them contain
lines of Individual saving.   Other con- [he, combination    of   more   than   ten
f saving is m itself a virtue, we ought Wei's Curative Syrup abends.      If
to praise the frugality and simple Hfelyou suffer frcm indigestion, and wish
of the Chinaman and the Italian gov-j't„ give Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup
eranient, who subsist on nothing and!a-trial,  be sure you get the   genuine
save nothing, Our disapproval of them'article,
grows out of our recognition of thej    Price ti'.bO.    Trial size BOc.
pulling power of-a high standard of!    For sale by
living.   Instead of trying to teach peo
ple to get along on as little as possi'
ble, we ought to teach people to want
as much as possible. It is by the introduction of new Wants in ever increasing number that we may hope *o
spur the populace t,p the elimination of
waste and exploitation from the productive process and to the development ^of constantly Improving Implements of production, In order that we
may realize in actuality what we now
see as potential—the transition from
the pain economy to the pleasure economy. Saving is a virtue appropriate to
a regime of capitalism and industry
for private profit. Under a regime of
socialized industry, it need not be
stressed as a virtue. It will not be a
matter of private concern. It will not
be thought of as meritorious, lt will
be a matter-of-course, conducted by
society, ,not left to individual discretion. Its place In the list of personal
virtues will be taken by eajrer, wise
expenditure. Thus does industrial
evolution reverse values.—The Xew
TTUireu uy present, neeus oi iire"com~
muriity be left to the uncontrolled impulses of miscellaneous Individuals
actuated by purely selfish motives, or
may we hope to develop a class of
stivers actuated by philanthropic motives and guided by some well-defined
principles, or shall the saving in question be effected collectively?
Surely social evolution has gone on
at haphazard long enough:   We have
long enough suffered the regime of
chaotic individualism, with the social
'machinery at the mercy of the chance
"John D. Hakes Part," reads a headline. The pious old gentleman is getting modest.
Earn $15 to $35 Weekly
NURSES is ever increasing and Doctors will not assume responsibility
without a Trained Nurse. The HOME
STUDY COURSE in Nursing which
the Rochester Nurses Institute gives
students appeals to thousands. Their
graduates command from $15.00 to
$35.00 weekly. The Rochester Nurses
Institute will thoroughly train any one
from 18 years to sixty, and give Diploma when Course is completed. Write
today for Free Booklet.
Wt eaH yow etpadtl attention to Uts O-Ctdar Poll* Moo,
Aagi-aattst boon lo cttamr and batttr houstkttptaf mo know of.
Wfch k wu en dart, cku and poll* • hardwood door with<
oirtgtttiMidaa-monrmrlian&tadkattt. You an Ant tht tops
ol doors, tlw moMinf, ite tops of high furniture without standing;
on chain. Yoa cu m nd cku tht stair steps md buktm in
half t!» tlmt it ususBjr takta.
You cu dwt undtr tht btd, ud under hwy furniture without
moving it, nd no on throughout tht housf-whtrmr thsra it dust*
ing to do. You cm do it quicker, tukr md bstttr with tht
oSCtdtr Polish Mo*
Unlike other dustinr mop the O^Ctdtr fttMt Mop cu ht
wwhtd whtn roiled, and thu mewed bv adding a km drops of
O^Ctdsr Polish.
Wc are ro confident thtt jrou wU bt delighted with At
0»Ceder PoBsh Mop thtt wcwffl-dcHmoM to your heme on tw»
days' trial If h is not satisfactory in every neptet wt do not «•
pact yoa to keep tt, and will instantly mum vour *©**- . Tht
teoftheO.CeJarPulUhM()^cuu((iIete, Ufl.SO. itt ui tend
l-wantm trial.
Jt Ot QUAIL,       Itoffttte, B.C*
An Open Letter to the
Scouts of America
Wh«n you art buying don't forgit that
It Economical and Efficient
The valuable coupon* nre valuable for valuable
The Royal Crown Soaps, Limited
Calgacy AlUrU
I am tn receipt of your -communication asking me to call attention to the
fact that there la a distinction between
your organisation and the United
States Hoy Scouts. You aay tho latter
la a military organisation; yours la
not. You add, further, that your organization la founded on "the good
turn dally" principle.
You Inform tne that U wna nt the
suggestion of one of the members of
your Executive Board that you wrote
me, and 1 suppose your purpose ia to
aecure the Indorsement of the Socialist*, alnce they are lu favor of international peace and opposed to militarism.
1 do not know upon the suggestion
of which member of the Executive
Hoard you wrote me. And In looking
over the names of the board members,
I wonder if it might have been George
I). Porter, who happens io be a resident of Philadelphia.
Mr. Porter also happens to be allied
ikiili tbti tiilmtu jmuj uu* ia change
of the city's affairs; ln faot. Mr. Porter occupies the office of Director of
Public Safety.
I wonder if you are familiar with
the fact that In the campaign Just
closed  the   reform   party   made  as
Issue of the point that It dealred the
tin I Id In a of more battleships!   It so
happens that In the section of the city
nearest the navy yard a number of
pig sties are more br less In evidence,
nml   som*   well   Intention*.!   people
made the abolition of the nuUant-e a
t'nmiMlKn demand.  In tht* tlu; reform
patty Joined, hoping to thewby  becloud the real tutu***—the failure of
the administration to live up hi their
**k»P»lg» 14-Hge* to w-d-ift ',!•■  <'*it
' of the ti^retsaries bf life.
;   The  reformers  made  their  ".*-m
\ "bntiletblpe  against   Ihe  plgg^rU's"
j Mr, Porter Is of the reform torn* and
j I wonrtPf tf jroti nr«» nwsne of >ln< i*n«l-
j tion he took In this campaign
done as between the cltlsens of Philadelphia on strike and these anti-social elements engased to terrorise the
community, would hare been to con,
pel the latter, equally with the former,
to maintain the peace. That he fa-
vnred the Imported lawbreakers, discriminated against the poor and oppressed la nn established fact
The comet nature of Mr. Porter's Interpretation of "the good turn daily"
principle was showln, however, a few
days ago; A resolution waa unanimously adopted by Common Councils,
The resolution provided that the arbiters should consist of a number of
public officials, together witb representative* of the Business Men's Association. The striken were to have
no representative upon the proposed
board. Yet they considered their demands so just that they promptly expressed their witllngneas to abide by
ita decision, Select Council* were tar- j
dy about adoptlns the resolution and ;
the I'eiaral l*(H>r In ton calM (or a i
demonstration at the City Hall In behalf of the resolution. I
What part did Mr. Porter take In;
the plan proponed to bring peace In
this Krtitt indusfrlal trouble?  He per'
mlttcd, If he did not order, his n»-!
a good turn daily, which means,
among other things, that lt will frown
down militarism. And I am under the
Impression that such an association
exists In the Young People's Socialist
These leagues are under the supervision of the Socialist party, which
Is recognized as tho greatest force
In the world for universal peace. The
principles of the leagues In this direction cannot, therefore, be misunderstood. Rut more important than that,
tbe leagues take the position of the
Socialist party witb regard to the
weak and exploited as against the
ruling class of exploiters.
On that account these leagues,
brlnglns together the young men and
women who are trying to establish
the social order In which the principle
of the brotherhood of man will be
realised, are a very potent factor for
comiug humanity.
I am sorry that I cannot see my way
clear to recommend your organisation,
At the same time I am happy to be
able to return your courtesy and Invito
all of you who desire to help In the
realisation of the principles of the Socialist movement to assist iu building
up tbe Young People's Socialist
Very truly your*,
JO.SKilt  K. iUlll.S*..
-Xew York Call.
THe Working Men s Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
rT=~T" Tables =
No fee charged to ute Club, which Is open to all.
B. Rawson
We have arrived at » moiwnt In our
Industrial history which is both critl
alstant to prohibit the meeting, and ical and Inspiring, at !••«»( as inspiring
■therein trample down the right of the ;«** it |* critical. \\*> are learning to
people to aswmble peacefully. Wiser,perceive that the existenre of a \att
head* prevailed over Mr. Porter, and, data of underfed, underprovided work-
at the eleventh hour, when enough j.rs. without hope «r security, const!-
hnd been done to d.-tiiomllse the meet-;tutc» au enormous national writ Is
Ing. the action of hl« department ««« it the mm that the first ihuru** upon 1
r*«fiti<M Un Industry should in* th** oinwrtunity'
Mr. PorWs action dH tun end #f making large format« er tin- j-roper *
there. Itowew. He ordered several (pyment of the worker*? I believe j
hundred policemen  »o station them-ithe gr-eateai ntml ot the workers at!
***hf* .it  tJlUt  it*.Mi  ... I'tuX f-UKMrti-J-S, ,),u,ur* i» ttmltHtH* hup* *<»d tuttiit.*rlt*.*. ,
or ht* in r-mdtnest st the nearty §+U\\ «nr prr»#nT »y#t«-m *-.- are j^ing.'
Ike »utian».   lu »pit»- of i.V fact th-at a-tni .l**(Hr «»d deeper into «•*»»nun»k*
eiery irowatioa »»« ihwby offeredUlffleuUy.-   I«\ (low, ttlshop i>t tHtori,
the (..opi* in forcibly r»«t*n« this In *at   ,j„.   Hr!iW»   Antl-Hweattn* t"nn1>*r
fntufuii of their rights, tke mnnlug Jhk*.
; w«m fuld »iilimit the slightest Indies
Ladies' and Gent's
Morn- tluu ito, i am s|s««||li'i« «u, tiou *4 dteontei, •».*> H-tU-vt <-mmrUs
tlttHltUft   <i»l;l*'l
■     r t   '*,,     '«•*-'>! •■-
to what  Mr. Porter meant *u>  tti< • unanimously ednptmi th* r**«ol«ilon.   t
%1-i-p-jMn-j? ty**** <r:r> it?* \*\ thi* tn^A"' • *
)• strike of several thousand garment
worker* »Thee» people nre rebelling
lifslturt tfce «i*tt*t**h*p «*w4ltle«t •**■
der which they have been compelled
ito labor, which hat steeped them In
I? the dmr» ot rmttrnt, tM(f rwrmtttln-r
i»    „■•>   ,    „.„.....„ . ._.
.*.,,..   ,\^t.   ,,,|*t»t.,     , t  **,,    . i,i*(,|,-     ,,*;,•»'      *,*\i.   ■}*,»«,. >■•*.*'  -v «'• ,%--•   -t'lr.Hr-,"*'   t-t •■»..
♦hHr friend* as against the mannfac>*hos office
twrers?    And  t*at   »«  hint  at one!   "<)fmm« tick*t t» the *ho«."
'•*•;»-/ i***«M *ai5 mn-',<& mMt nitmtM "*my, *'»" w-n'**v*MM »%# wih***
imaair^ Mr, Parte? widlnt a aqnad j ticket *.l*p*~tt*er "N'o tickeis Mnt
of poltfti ttt attend the meetings of the Isold for this performance."
Dress Suits From
$45 to $55
Fur Coats Etc.
Hade To Order
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
o. B
rt wy   f
*'ttrr»Tn*   C«M etir mtf p*tPt*
their eaaptoyers to hart tn affhrnnee. mntm** bim t«Mlfnv $ e<iwad or votim
If ever there waa a straggle upon the
part of tht lowly of the city that deterred the support of every fair
minded man. (his is the one. Here
certainly la room la abund«B*>e for
Mr Porter to put Into praetlce "th*
good tnrn daily" principle
Mm im« is how Mr. Porter has be
haved: Peaeefnl plekets of the mm-
cu Live 'mxu i-Upptul inUt .9,., t.> I'm*
hun&rtf&, mnny ttt tbem ht*iim til*
rbarged at toon aa their rates came
to trial. On th* «ther h»*4 impart*-*.
thngt and plugugllcs, imtd uu!v for
their nfctNty to perpetuate vtofenfe,
have fceesi **thHifa4 I* tmt !*<•#• ♦irtk-
tm, hate been emnsMinded to ftrt
ee»ir»mi» tumpon-. tnrm rwwmttTeit
aay wtmtm ot atMolta and killed om
young buy
to '"■(* an eye apoa the snaptrtfs
c>ur.«i <--rs ihe employers hart hired
to ir- 4k tbe strike* And, finally,
omU ■*;> one Imagine that Mr. Porter, t»v the slogea "good taini dally"
prln. .;>!•. m«*n anythtnt else bnt a
rnrul fnn tor the mamem and atalntt
Uji- v:■' ni* ot oar industrial derpot-
-   "No ttehett »«»M t»r ton penirwierj
peiformanf*,'' i
"How's thai?"
"Tbls i»rfi.rmau< - is Woe tiven :
for the IM»trkt Attorney. Th-fre it.]
hdwever. a awod »bo« ecrota the:
•Been   m+r   *h-r-."   tnanpnl   iht*'
imm,    "j»o<1   lt»>   t*-r- pu>.n« •**''■ t^•
Islftly to the iintftH  hirr     This it a
....     Au*-.   «. .it.uUi»u4Uii.'*,   iiiii.  Is ,tUm   i., i..'        ..
U-*' Bt.-om ttriuit.iiMiU'ini w 'm- tMktm .ythiitiaitii,   uo» ,,.,,
-,**■ mx ttt* atsittltrv of oftanltedigK a tie*.- <rf if,t-n--
'. u kti4 (^nrnsakua? !«• the Cw-mwt. '
.«".* fr#»<  »o  admit t?u-rn  t*» aeedf    And he -yurio'.! *
-.I*. t»*titxMinm iii*» »(»i Hrmg t*%.
ws»% tftsff *,%*■ *,*t4 tm t%t.'-^^^WHt*-":'-
t. ! ■
1     .
for ■*
pettv*"*"*  «f tetfde-retepmeBt   phvrt-1
mt*f,   wrr-tttithT   ewd   w«»r«»»*      lit*?
I#*s- tlmt sb-owM he *«pet'-ted tnml
siith «n a»»nri*att-mt it, thst tt will try
Miij'n.    J    kill
«:i!»o^s* intruding
.......   .™,, . j »uill   **,i   *.9.ti.,mt,..„   ,9,  ,,,*.,    ,«    w »,.   I,**  IM|f^M«l   f*flf
Tbt lewtt Mr.  iMrter cwM  kite (to ttre •» to the pHmiptm wt 4otas|*» r -.«.% '«,*
i-tltlf far* rtm-t*-*,  twrt  <«»**. »**t  h»«lu
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first cass Busi*
ness and Residential property SPP
' '■ h"->
*:~.-*.1*-*'''*.. "yi-ji^i   'J. "'.'^
-.V'-'   ■     - j       .",■*. A-XsAAyx -' ■■   - ■' ■ --r"
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
fairs of the city as economically as possible. True,
there is opposition in the field, so far as mayoralty
is concerned, but what platform Mr. Morrison will
workers and the Ledger will get just so much as
they can force the Council to give and no more.
If, however, they elect two or three of their own
class to the Council, they will find the* moral influence to get a little more consideration for themselves and us much greater.
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page 5)
Our„remark.s are not-directed at individuals, but
at the system, ami this system which we have in
mind is the management of the city of Kernie, and
any other, municipality'that is content to adopt tlie
present, sloppy, haphazard method of conducting
its affairs.
1 A rather interesting state of affairs at present
exists in Calgary—th'e labor markets and the unemployed seem determined to keep the' council on the
jump until they have secured either wwli or thr^e
square meals a day, and shelter from the glorious
Sunny Alberta climate. We say interesting, and
it surely is "when one attempts to analyze the attitude ofthe council" and the petty bourgeois ratepayer of that town.
To the superficial observer, the fact that the
small ratepayer finds himself burdened with extra
rates caused by the unemployed demand, may seem
a gross injustice, and it is an injustice, but no quite
so gross as some hi the councillors would have us
believe. At a meeting of the Calgary fathers, the
.surveyor pointed out that the sewer work carried
on for the benefit of the unemployed at this? time
of the year meant an increased cost of 60 or 70
per cent.   Now we will take the question as it
A city is  nothing ■more or less than a huge I .,ffecls the small ratepayer first.
business concern, and the first essential to the man
agement of same is, that the individual or; individuals at the head of affairs "be men with a knowledge, not necessarily practical, but certainly good
business heads. We favor the management of city
affairs by one man, that man'to' be subject to the
referendum and recall, and to be governed by a
commission of three commissioners.
To the casual reader this may 'appear an impossibility in our small town, but when we consider
what is beipg paid out*by this city in the shape o|
salaries for administration, it will readily be seen
that this is not, by any means so expensive as the
present method.
If we had one head business manager, who was
above the pettyfogging, political and trade interest
that at present run. the town, many of the evergrowing expenses would be eliminated.    For in-
Mr. W. R. Wilson, general manager,
visited the (Michel mines this week.
Mr. Joe Wilson, of Pernie, was
among his friends down here.
Mr. John Lockett, from the North
Fork ranch, paid his friends a visit.
John looks none the worse for his
quiet living on the prairie and says
"now't beats ranching; your own boss
and no strikes."
■A rumor came around town that
Mike Krall met with his death on the
coast, but by what means is not
known. iHis brother Joe, we understand, received a letter announcing
Bill Savage ls around town again
for a short stay.
IMr. Cassidy, of Trites-Wood store,
came in again this week from Spokane after visiting his parents.
Ths dance on New Year's night,
given by Thomas Crahan, of Michel
Hotel, was well appreciated and a
very enjoyable evening was spent,
everyone being pleased with the musical talent of Dan Waddington, of
Old Michel, M. Taylor and Mcintosh,
of New Michel,
There seems to 'be quite a lot of
sickn-essin town; let us hope a change
in the weather will bring about changes for better.
Tlie news came to hand as we ma!i
these notes that a theatre is to be
built with a maple wood floor for
dancing, in New Michel. Keep improving, boys, that's the idea.
Uncle Benny Hall has blown into
camp again. The kiddies were saying
here comes Father Christmas, Our
reporter just managed to haVe one
word with him before train time.
"iHow'st goin' on ould lad? Thou's
gotten some owd country weather at
'Michel. Beggar me buttons, what
shall we get, next?"
Michel Local Union Notes
These unemployed men are the surplus of the
labor market; tliey were brought into this country
at a period when their services were required.
They were paid just so little as was necessary to
keep them in the necessities of life, and they were
worked just so hard as the buljying contractor or
his straw boss could work them.   They were sent
out in tlie early spring to the railroad camps to
assist in the construction, were employed in the
bush or irrigation work that has been in progress
in various parts.   They have been the pioneers in
opening up the various transportation ways and
tlieir work for the year is finished.   During the
period that these men, have been employed the smug
capitalist and even the petty bourgeois have been
reaping the benefits of their toil; for rememben
railroads are not built tQ give employment but to
earn dividends. Laud is not irrigated for the beii-
stanee, lie would not have to listen to the appeals'! cfit of the unskilled laborer, but with the intention
of an already well-paid city magistrate. The cily | of exploitation. All tlie capital, or at least a large
clerk and his office would lie under his control tind \ portion of it, employed in this work will find-its
personal supervision. With the present method of' way back into the big city. Tt is this that keeps
government, there is practically no supervision in the city mah employed, and it is the man with the
these two departments. There is also the question steady, permanent job who is able to scrape suf-
of the policing of the town. At present we have' l>ient together to purchase a home. The un-
f ive men on the force, which .should be ample for j skilled labore^ca^ind_eniployment for sis or
4his-tewrrT™Thir^om^ what is he to do witli himself
.supervision of a business manager, and he would ■ during the winter?   The great pity is tlmt. unlike
control the movement of same. Bruin, he cannot hibernate for four moiiths and  e:irth) behind criminal bars
The electric light department, the water depart-. resurrect in the spring ready for the labor market. ! After the Local f'ujon meeting an
ment, and the works department would also all lie ! wliich invariably at this time has a demand for his ^'d Tor "thl Sl^'of ™1e&*n*
controlled by him.   Each department would, of imily commodity. The immigration authorities have [spectlon   committee   for "the   three
The regular meeting was held at 2
p.m. with a good attendance, but we
want to impress on the minds of the
non-attenders, or in other words union
men who are just satisfied by paying
their dues and kicking if their dues
seem too large, that the 50 cent assessment is not forgotten yet.
Interpreters were picked for the
various nationalities, Pete Baldassi,
Italian; Mike Dudas, Slavonian; M.
Brown, Hungarian.
The meeting voted in concord with
the resolution sent by the Liberation
League. We are certain that it is
only our duty in supporting something
that should show a good feeling to!
was detained.    We hope to see you
around again soon, Jimmy.
The Slavonians celebrated their
Christmas on Wednesday in the usual'
fiashion, Mutzine and stronger stuff
being the chief beverages used. Some
indulged too much, wnich resulted an
the appearance of the roysterers be-
lore his honor Robt. Fairclough, who.
on hearing the evidence, fined them $5
and costs. Sorry you so far forgot
yourselves, boys.
Alex Galloway, described as a druggist/was removed to Fernie and ordered ito take thirty days' rest at the
government expense for fraudulently
procuring 'board at the Teepee boarding house. Mind where you throw
your egg shells.
Ed. Harrison has again got home
from hospital, where he had to return
owing to the t^ld wound breaking out
again. We wish you better luck this
time, Ned.
A grand smoker will be held ln the
Club Hall on Saturday, 10th inst,
when an opportunity will be taken of
presenting Superintendent Shanks
with a token of appreciation for services rendered as president of the
Club during the last three years. We
trust that as many as can make it convenient will attend.
We understand that our old friend
Wm. Jackson, sanitary engineer, is
running for aldermanic honors again
for the eity of Fernie. We surely
wish you success, Billy.
A runaway occurred on the outside
incline at 1 East mine on Wednesday
night, shortly before 11 o'clock, which
caused the midnight shift to return
home, as the gig wheel was, smashed
up. Work was resumed on Thursday
The committee of the Amateur
Dramatic Society is requested to meet
at the Club Hall on Sunday morning,
at 10.30.  Business very important.
Watch for the announcement of the
next concert by the Amateur Dramatic
Society, Uncle Tom,. .Little* Eva, Top-
sy and Simon Legree will positively
appear, to say nothing of Marks, tlie
lawyer, maybe.
Visitors to Coal Creek this week
have been struck with the number of
miniature Niagaras, especially in Coyote Street.
The Jail and private residence of "our
local constable is now nearing completion. When finished and painted
tt will be quite an asset to Coyote
Who was it that used the butter in
mistake for cold cream and soot for*
grease paint? Oh, you boys! practical
jokes like these are too bad,
The age of chivalry is not dead yet,
for we hear of one lovesick srvain.
who waited out in the heavy rain for
nearly itwo hours, only to find thnt
the object of Ms adoration was the
fiancee pf another. "Oh, cruel fate,
'twas hard o'thee!" etc.
The schools reopened on Monday
morning last after the Christmas holl
felt kind of away like and the bones
on the outside and inside of the knees
jerked and at times were useless. The
doctor reported as follows: Heart,
normal; lungs, normal; liver, enlarge
ed; nerve reflexes, knee jerks exaggerated; vertebral reflexes also exaggerated; cerebral (i.e., brain), very
much so; stomach, normal. These two
have evidently been having a little
game at reparte or too much holiday
cheer; it's hard to say which.
The Hosmer bread and pie factory
in the course bf construction near P.
Burns & Co., is about finished and
will soon 'be operating.
The bush jacks round Hosmer are
feeling disconsolate these days, the
incessant rain hindering work in the
bush to a great extent. A big fall of
snow with some frost would be welcomed. Perhaps the weather man will
take notice and oblige.
The wash house at the mine is undergoing alterations, and it is to be
hoped they bring about an improvement in the matter of convenience,
etc. Everything oomes to them that
Wanted—Some mine safety lamp
agent to call on the directors of the
C. P. R. and make a sale of lamps;
if he makes it stick he'll do the miners bf Hosmer a favor.
-Our old friend Benny Lewis was
up here a few days ago, but did not
stay as long as usual. We hope nothing has upset you, Ben.
As we go. to press we hear that
Matt. iBall has left for pastures new.
There will be a.special meeting of
Corbin Local Union on Sunday next,
in the Union Hall. All members are
requested to. attend, ousiness of importance on hand.   Come, one and all.
Sorry to say that John Jones has
been under the doctor's care for the
last two weeks. We are glad to see
you around again, Jack,
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ♦
The license came on Saturday last
for the Flathead Hotel. The grand
opening is to be on Friday, Jan. 9.
Free drinks and free dance; everybody welcome.
iMr. and Jlrs. M. Allen returned
from their honeymoon on the first of
the year, and *Marl gave the boys a
good time. We all join in wishing
them the best of luck lri their new
Mr. John Lockett is paying a visit
to his many friends In Michel' before
returning to his ranch at Cowley.
Mow,- kids, get the tin can band
ready as there is to be another wedding on the 12th inst.
Owing to the strong winds'"that have
been blowing lately, the snow has
drifted to such an extent that it took
the etiglne two days to get to the big
Frank Newman ts now attending the
fan at No. 4 mine on night shift.
Mike 'McGrath has started to work
in the mines here.
We are pleased to say that Mike
Bedaace will not lose the sight of his
eye which was thought would be tbe
case a few weeks ago.
We have received a communication
witb reference to certain remarks
made by the correspondent from this
camp upon the question of the retention of a permanent secretary, but regret tbat we are unable to publish
same. Hillcrest Local, we believe, de-
aided-that no mention should be made
of business transacted at Local Union
meetings through tiie columns of the
Ledger, and under the circumstances
we plead laxity in permitting tbe remarks to appear last week. However,
we fail to see how the matter will be *
helped by using these columns for
the discussion of such a contentious
question, and prefer to leave the handling of same in the hands of the membership. It is readily understood that
all questions of a purely local character are better appreciated and understood by the members than by any
outsider, and we think that by giving
publicity to these matters we are only
creating further discord.
It is open t'o any member, should
he consider himself aggrieved, to apply to the District officers and failing
to get satisfaction from them, to carry his case to the International for adjudication.—Ed.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that
cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
P. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.
"We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheney for the last IS years, and believe him perfectly honorable ln all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by hts firm.
Toledo, O. ■
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price 76 cents per bottle.   Sold by all Druggists.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constl-
our   imprisoned   brothers   whom" we   ??£?'   Jhe.s'h",ut,3„°i■■■ ^jg'- >om1*-
consider wro^fiill^ealUwitlj^j^^^
lis hope our directors of the law will
consider thoy have put some good
honest citizens (who have a character
good enough for anywhere on God's
.•ourse, have its own superintendent, but thoy would • perm
he responsible to the manager, who. in turn, would
be responsible to thc commissioners and Ihe penph-.
This strikes us as a much mure logical method uf
cnmhittting the affairs of our small cominmiih* iltau
the present one of eleetintr year by year fresh
(.'oimeil.s and fresh committees, who nre always dis-
;tf,„l ihnea mtm tn ontdv the fimintev heen use ! mlnes and the following were elected:
itted these men to entei trie countij necausi. 0!d Xo 3 mln6 John Price m] Hat.
llie transportation people wanted thein, and the
(jiiestion now arises, who shall ronintain them?
\T!itiirally you say the railroad companies, and
you would be more or less correct, but the railroad
••iiiii'pnuies have not been the sole -gainers,"b,v their
efforts and therefore even this drastic method
covering what the other failed to do, and leaving \ would not lie quite (torreet. Society—and by soil like reputation behind for the following year. A-U-iy we mean all those Mr or little, large or small,
The managementof mir school offers nn eloquent; eapitalist or non-capitalist—must support them,
example of what a one man jimniigeiuent can ae-' We have all reaped and we nuist all pay. mid while
(Hiiiipljoh. O. fl. Henderson has praeli.-ally a^umed j llw idios.viicnisies of our system may compel *om.>
. tfonlrbl o? thoMfthool, and the amount of woodwork ! to pay a hii'Kcr portion than the other, Ihis does
done and the success of same is duc.iii a law ; not relieve us of the responsibility, The siimU rate-
measure, to his unstinted efforts for our fttiure citi-! payor has voted hi* ticket and by ro dinp lias vmU
MM, . o led the power in the present authorities.  Hev1iH»
In -wtmiiiif to the real issue al present before the  no reason to kick: he is getting what he voted for
HiMttom. namely, the election of n Mayor nnd Comi-; nnd if the municipal authorities lax him cent p<»r
ejl. we must reh'gate the -qtierttiou of business man-  >eni it is no more tlmn is n sxary to itwiiken him
afftMiient lo the future. Mo a emiseioii-Mi-w* of his position. .
The workers ut this eity are determined to make The fact that the work is eostintf fiO or 70 per;
an effort io secure municipal ropnwntnlion upon ! '-ent more does not ent mrn-h figure either, Surely
tlw i'onneil. This is Ihe only effeeiive kick that • it is otir glorious privilege to live, nnd as to live
you can rwixter at this partieiihtr time. Ymi must we must work, then for our part it would not in-
ih.l lw Hintent.Hs hitherto, with the prowl** of the tcrrirt us did the surveyor inform tw that it «wtt
voto angler**, who reunitl Ihe fulfilment of their 1.«)M per wnl more. Far after all. the eity «h<>iil<l
tw-iohrtionii an somethmtc to be taken .-are of bv the  find it cheaper to find work than lo find food.
..Mint Mure.   V, l,Ai»a >...«■ *,*      IWlyib. Ul|»y m^ym will really what! ^^^1!. °Lt T ^l! (Whtt th^!? Sa&P»K
♦ 'otuiefl, vou will discover that ll it v ufi'icial* tliey are np against and discover the solution.   It  ri?(W9j f<,r fund*. (ti«« home of Mm, II. Wilson. Thursday,
vi ill lwv« h much higher regard and appreciation  i« the kindest sympathy to burn! them. «n,l if the; ^Ctorlto ^^g?y,"^{«i JSJ.' "^ °f ** *"""* *"* *"
, <tf v«.u nud vour .-In** than thev nt ptvMtit Iune.  present eotutcil does not swnt them hard cuoutflt. j i«mJ,   Htr is »t#ying with his slater,!    Th* additions »»«l atteratkms to
V..« will havV a n,x- io th, HWiijt of this U,x* n and  thru we tn»t tb? will ,*»t another hutnli who j M^j^^w^t^wJ-w <*t»; £ Jto^i^w % P^IcjUr
■♦♦♦'♦♦♦ ♦*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
The Board of Trade held their usual
monthly meeting .Monday night, with
the president,'-.v. V. Kendall, in the
chair.   Business transacted was light.
ry Brown: -New Xo. li mine. James  The.Gr-m  XsKhcnv;'llai'.vvjy  ivro-io
Mercer and Hen Hall: the so-called
Xo. 8 mine. M. D. McLean and L.
Thomas t'o act for the ensuing term
of three months,
After the meeting adjourned" a contract miners' meeting followed to
bring certain charges against Uie
scrutineers.. Charge Xo. ] whs tabled
Indefinitely, the author of the charge.
falling to put ln appearance. Charge
Xo. 2 was rather a complicated affair,
although would have been better understood If the sully sheets hud not
been burned, which should not have
occurred. Lh tis hope the check-
weigh committee will be a llttlo mow
active on these elections. Under the
circumstance* nothing could lm proved against tli^ Hmitliieerx nt this
stating thoir intention to keep the j ®
depot here open and make things gen- ■
erally more tomforta'ble for their pa-.
trons. Up to the present they seem:
to he minus u stove and a key, Bteps ;
are heing taken to Induce someone j
to lay water to the school. A <
amall committee was appointed to • _
inquire into the matter and report j j£
to next meeting. Correspondence' f
was also received regarding pros-! o£
pects for a newspaper lu Hosmer. The j |
•secretary wan Instructed to say that a i H
personal luok over the ground was ad- {
vUnble. A discussion also took place j
regarding water supply In case of fire.
It was reported that the mine water
would have to be used in a case of
emergency and many of the members
seemed to think that tbe pipes would
j become polluted with germs. However.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ the president allayed their fesrs by
♦         ♦lalvlag *ome expert information he
♦ COAL CREEK NOT68       ♦|h«d received on the subject and the
♦ ♦ i matter was allowed to drop.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«•     The Athletic Club Intend having an-
i other smoker on Jan. 31.   The pro-
Christmas Tres at Presbyterian    t gram Is already being arranged. The
Church | committee Itt charse Intend giving the
The annual Chri»tmas tree la con* \• amimum amount of fun for a mini-
tiectlen with the Presbyterian t'huirh' max"- ot cost.
took place un i'tUlny ovenlns lust. Th* '    A pes soup re-union took place at
Clmreh wn« tieuiitlfuliy decorated fori'b* Pacific Hotel, New Year's night
the occasion mnl the scholar* each I T,,B host and hostess, Mr. snd Mra.
received handsome presents at the! Labelle. entertained their friends to
hand* of Hontii Hmi. Redutiu-us and t dl»«-sr,   niter   which   dancing   and
son** were rendered by the children,; ftamea were Indulged In till tho small
I Music: Orpheum Orchestra
Th»>   ini'nifff'
■■■h»."vv tltiiju ut; »•>'-*■* ui Uw uioruiug,
the .lti*fiee Department. Yoti will »)*(, be able ia
< itrlail niHtiy *d" the little u»itjei'e**ary expettM-* that
are ineitrml from year to year, while the litrhtintt
hihI worlts depurtiin'tit will hKh ••tunc imiiii* vmih
♦Ittwt witjte. The HVi-rnfft* md»v.du,tl U iimI'mI**
ttmiiilv in<<hti«»l tn vi,'**.- *.-»< l'i»*iMy tin .|»«:.'* ,vi.\
i.blitMti.Hi* **( llie t'toiiivil. lull v'Mi will d«*»»vei'.
«»f f.n'imn,i- i-Ut'xjfi; *ft \„ A,i.;.t\. i*u*i *i*^-*«- «r»-
tnan.V way* ubffeby >»•■»■» tu<t* Si>>*j< *i» trie nii'irti'*
tr»t*<»n «f thw rjty S'<<r the Wts<-n«iritt *>f* tie- *-* t *-
/«'iw u<-u»'iall,v
A f««»i*tinif will lw held ifi th<' Uejiful Tlienlr
Mondny eveniiif. when all the pnwfM-
MrfM-w  «*>!•• ttutr «li opiHWUIOity ol *-«l-(|r«**t»lir !»»*   fMrthnf v.tt,'4.**',**,\ *l
u.i'iuii'i'i »iMt '♦U'uiM ju«o   what   Hm'V  *i «o«I  »•••'
«mt wtiat they tht not.
a ill (mm* iht'iit all tlmt i<* *-ofi*in«r.   Tlie mily way to
rea«-h «M»me men*a limits la throngh Iheir pneket.
Bellevue Hotel
■est Aeeemmerfatlen In tht Pass.—
Up-to-Datt — Ivary   Convsnlenes^-
Cxesllant Culalne.
«l. A. OALLAN, Prop.
i;*an Uvlngttone arrived In oaMp 'ort and convenience of the teachers
on iaturday lam hailing from Lanes-' *"<! Pupils of this down. Ths older
•hire, Knalaml, We wtlrom>T thee, I !»*« of »*• building hss heen t»t*r-
In eradek Unity fn*blot» So clo*** i nlihed and fenerslly cleaned up.
aad shawls here. I Itoaket*** bate been Installed In eaeb t
Co-si C"i*#fc *«» Mrly reprc;-c«tt«4 ' iwm. The school Is «»»!!> one of the j
at ihe Ihumm noeial hold oo llnadar' *■*** «* «a else In the -Ps»« Comti-
evening ls«t. As ueaslth* hoys ca«s«i *«■!-»• taterrwptkHW, the ww* of the
home with the milk la the morning, i half vwsr hss b#*n very estlsfsetorr, {
Tliem* event* nre InnM tnr*it4 f*' •,*"'l«w|»f art tbt. It mint* i« ««i<ft i
with plwisawble antlel|i«'I«n hi ftttt * division: W»l»i»n l—I* n»ft, teaeh-;
Ctmk M«»*«. ' •"■■ -1st trsd*' fiittar.ee: 1st. J«*. illl-
W* ort* pl-wtsed tw ret>oH thst f>ad. j Isr; twt. Clr*'t» Hanhnle; 3rd. J;acal**}
,, | if> ilKtM-ll hss re«uni<Nt to work nlipr* *'*•*■   *r* r»n»ter* -tst Re*t!ic Umlfh;
lri.«nN   I have «|ec|ile<I to pr»«*enf mv^elf in <iitt ^\*i* mojuuru In rend*. Hmmi'ftl. ■•■her*1; -"•*. »<**Me Mrnnn; ,1ril, f!«»rfba JSlsvU-
A Al'tt. *!".,]• Vl.I.rimiii f»r the eilv «!' Kernie fur the i '»** »"»<l*»rwentan operation j ma*,   'tad  rfs«l*rs—let,  Jss. (*ote: j    BptlPVIIE
,r.     . uMtiU I"' •»'«,,,«»«" ,,,ru    <"> "' r*"'M ",r,m I    .»,„■), n,iH.;,iKn. Tftimtttl from :ia»p4-. UA. Was, I'r-ilg;  'M. Ankw Wfwt.J| M^fiVUB
1 I heiitrv mi  ,.,,.,U;I1K v.'iiir. SIwuiUI yum iavor me with ymir vtu* j m th'-» w*-#k. *b*-r** he t?i» u*-u tm-1 Report of iWMsion VK.-~Mtaa e. t». h »m i. mn-... ■ ■ ■	
vtiv«» e.m.li-  r„\i., ,",„,» r»» «-»  !«•».«"■•   «-.«•.    <•      -..I^«m.. <     .'    -.y^ {t^mm.l .".«««-i*.-'r'r •. <-•••• * *"***■ *VI
| Ina.
To the Ratepayers of Pernie
l..ii.'9  .inti  «•• l|tl<-l(I>'ir.
At tli«- rn'tpiwt «f n ntinilier **i nitejuiyi'i'* «n*l
Stephen T. Humble
For Skates, Hockey Sticks, Heaters
Ranges, Furniture, Stationery etc
"Mt*ftfc, tmhtA pitX'ttf. funis 1t.nh.a4\ki
W. Jackson
|t w I*, h»* regr»'ttii| Hint the eity fitiiitniiii »lat"
*«,... *..». »#.»» »«• tMHMwMMfl itntti sin<r we »mve »«»«♦*
t<t |.r«»w     In ««r *»tp(in«m Ihe lat* I »Miit«*iI n»JjrM
h.t\ *• »miiiii«l for thi* li. lw in lh«f IwimI* of th«>
h*-»\ |m|Nt» *n.l |-rrt«t th-n, to Pi«*t> mm* M«t*  u>hn m>. ,j„,|t{„mH|
Uie i*t*»pl»yen* It mvoittw two twttth of tlw twatal
yi„lf!i..-.t f»;.**,fbr., ',. '-'i'l ♦'■'■.- -i'; 't  '    -T.-'Mr   -i* '.'V.--
timlly the la«t mintite.   In *pit# *»f thia. how«*vir
Wr »ia?r t«i» *«»iir.Mi.-<*  'A lti<-  Mj»V'.»r f*»*t tit" *•'»'••■
went i»«»««• *»f th* milt faro-Table tbat h«* e%*er !♦»-«-«■«
ftat-ml hei'nrm th-e ««iti/«»ii«. *n»i *'*» MM**** n-.n-t
SHtttt  »rw »*»**■  t»»  »*'tarow*»'  th«»  wtm*e  eaMntly
he *v*A**l »'*lh ■*»» a*»«iM»«v,   I« *H fairtw** *
***•• WU- ♦ '«wiw». w t*+t**r** tt»a* nn hwwat ttwrni*-*
tmtt hmt wtt»f** fo -wrtall orptnim nm! nm tho if
. y«. **«* My ot w. Wilson w«e»*5»aae li t**t*r Oeftsra. Vtmm *ii*-\
mit* n, k«wii*l oa iistardar isffsM m_ *»*ry gtujetkf. <*lass C. Clsra!
j las from Wood poison. M* 1* m'-mmt' «*«P»**. »•*** **m*. »*«* To«w*«l.,
■ doing as well as r.n be etpeetcA | «tpott fro* IHtlatoa IH-Mls. p. I*
1 The stork tMld a rlstt to f'ojwte! «aa«ndsl», teaeher-wiill appear latpr. j
SHtrcet  iiaulii ou S-UiwnIii*, l*s-»*lf»f a ■' «*srtsfc*4»»w *l»h lan-w-rv   »♦»•> '^••■»
To the Ratepayers of Fernie
\* ft»,» iv.jir.K* ,if umtiorotw fi*u!tu!i .ut«l s-.t;.
l>*y*r%, I aw offerint myself as AMerman »•» tl»*
• ni/.-ti* «>i t-i-rmt*    it »»W-t<»<l it is my tnt-Hiti-.t. i.,
•{••vote all my tmrey to hnpmvinf the gtiwl* *n*l
-niewaJka **i mir t-mir. »n«l I f**! mr* thai m<mt
4 my fr«««iet« w-s-l appnwiate my »»gp»»*fienre itt..!
t-*i'tii'*l .-.i.**i*i.*i*ji'- *-. ««»rk of tht* ikiwt i
W, Roblchaud
.. .-r m... .»..«. .hi*, turn*-* hAftHife.
I VntonmttMr the rhlld did not lite
' !«ng, <?jli6f «n »mnda}. Oar sympa-
. thfee go oot to the parents.
I A stootH *«»ftM m*r Morrtsse/ CSot-
I tages when word *ss received that
»Tom .toyee. wood *on ot Mr sad
I lira Wetter Jorre. had died te Vtr*
'•■'   ' -v'"■*'■ ■•-•*■* "• »-.*,i..-»«*,-i)   mnrn-iiif
»Mmi! x o'eSex'k.  The onfortonste hof
( it!*n wi» I*. f».*r« -■* *,•* . i*■•■-*;■ '.ifn*' ll
'• nt x*M\n- -its his l*-g ilnrhig 5»»t weell
I »--B<t  « W*-fc d»telopH i»t« !it«Oif p#a»
'**•*'■ nt H»* »,t» r> •■•:-, ».** i tt* r#f»^e
, ht*9'tt-Mi u*r opurxnm   fontptleatloai
; .».,.„„ -.-t-^tcU tumW rat*, ht* atnt Vd aa<
f Jt-ath tt**mlt»«i.    Vm-*r**i tt* t»tr* «#e**w
<«i m&4M_  Bens, »*r**t»jf*»rfcsn €!*«**.* r , ,     ,
,    trv ,iy- yU.^.i iu. t*m«x .** t99mpl mi M^f**1** «*?• •U*Tm"H71
tt** (fern **r s*rto«s areKeata.        I *•■"* "W","* "• '*■,** •■f ■* **• I
I  ftodgers rfslted remie boi*ttat I t««nt cotaplaltted of Mbows to»»w■}
with a piece of steel ia Us eye.   H#  leea..   ftM at the hsek el ta* aer* |
•a om-m eietaten wtn Oe annownr<ed tn -
th* ro'ania* of tbe ledger. f
In. and Mrs. Nay .have returned \
trom their jsunt doan east in. Mijor. I
wl*0 was wltetlng, wtat west Tees-'
day. i
Tbo ftaUeiaa* and Kassiam of llos-!
m«r were wlehratlns th*lr rfirf#«m»*« '
'J*nit****.!**, M-t-s Mui** tif*ii;g 4-atie »t ,
tie aia* la the work Itne as s tm-
A tilg iuttif to iciflir*!*' Wsstisa,
Cattstasae wss h*M at ihe *Jne#»*« (
««d was welt stteedH,, Tluty m tiis t
«ras nwthlttg eompsmt with a dsace f
lhat lm esastag off la the wmr fstnre. i
Vto ttmhwr pettftralsn s«li Ml-n
Tbe lanawtaf »edl«»l «aariaatten •
We have a complete new
stock of
Groceries & Ginned Goods
Also several  Sahrsge lines away below cost
Frank, Alta*       •*!»■•      Bel lem, Alta
gytMfe^,:- j9.^l.i<m.:^JmM
nTBM"-* —"-***^-
[ ftaiiiiijrtifiilrtffliiM^^ ^-^"■«^ ^fr iirtiiif^^^-^mb^ ^j "   ~~ ,-v „--
$£p?X>   HT-vj-- 4r".^^!-^r;^- --^Vi?  ?£-v>:*-..'M " ■■• ■'. ; ^frss^m***
p'\ --.A X*'-X^A>AA£A- ■**+  ..' - A. ■."*:■*-.* -\ .,.•      •  , , ,::A--^S'jA
'. '- "     •      .   '   "* 7    'X,    . *-]»■": * ''''■ t*.
V-1 ■&*£>».
- &•
>»»ss»eee»¥e»*»»¥f¥»»»»*s»AMML4i m*.s
y ***»*»»¥ ■»*»»*»*«**-»»»• *
»AMMMMH>»¥»»»«»»**»»»»»y¥»»4M^tHt^»^ *i
       .-     -       I    . .;
News  of Thc  District Camps
>:•*••»¥¥»¥*¥¥¥ »¥»¥0»0»»VVVV¥»¥»» »*»**»*»» *»»¥»»¥»¥»¥¥¥¥¥ »»»»»¥¥¥¥»¥¥»¥¥¥ ¥4
>■¥¥»»¥»¥¥»¥■»¥ ¥JMM
♦ ■ ♦
The Lyric orchestra furnished the
.music at the concert on Sunday night.
The hall was filled and the pictures
vero good. The solo by Mr. Ross McKenzie was a good one and the recitation by iMr. Brown, entitled "Tho Vagabond," furnished quite a lot of
amusement Pictures at the theatre
•Monday were "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"
.and the hall was filled.
iMatt. Hudhard was taken to the hospital on Sunday for treatment for
rheumatism. His friends wish him a
rspefedy recovery.
iHarry Jepson and wife were up
from Lundbreck last week.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Bmmerson and
family are visiting in camp, Mr. Bmmerson was for eight years superintendent of IBellevue mine.
Classes in English for foreign speaking men are being organized In tbe
Methodist Church.   Prospective scholars will do well to see Mr. Irwin, as
soon aa possible.
The mild weather has put an end
'to skating. At the time of writing we
Are anxiously looking for enough frost
to permit the Bellevue-Blalrmore hockey match on Friday evening.
ii Mrs. Irwin entertained the executive
of the Junior Epworth League on
Thursday nlgh^
The. officers and members of the
Bellevue -Band wish to thank the West
Canadian Coal Co. for the sum of $25.
Everybody has the hockey craze in
Bellevue. The games with Macleod
and Frank fully justify our confidence
in our players. If Bellevue gets a
square deal from the officials of the
Crow's Nost Pass Hockey League,
there is no reason why she should not
win the hon'ors this winter. But what
do we expect? The provisions of the
League distinctly state that all games
shall be played tn three twenty-minute
periods. When we went up to Coleman for the opening game ths wiseacres of that burg refused to play according to this provision and adjusted
the time to suit themselves. Bellevue,
of course, lost the game and entered
a protest, plunking down the required
ten-spot and receiving a letter from
the secretary of the executive to the
effect that the protest would be duly
heard. However, when the matter
came up In the executive a motion was
put that Bellevue's protest be thrown
out. Coleman and Blairmore representatives supported tbe % motion,
Frank and Bellevue opposing.' It was
up to the chairman, a loyal citizen of
the Bporty (?) town of Blairmore, to
^cast the _4kaldiBg^-i'ote_asd-BeHe¥st^
'was handed a lemon in the shape of
having her appeal thrown-out. This
looks to the Bellevue public' as If
Coleman and Blairmore ran work the
executive strings any way they like,
wh"e Frank and Bellevue can't get a
look-in. This is the type of Bports-
•^-roanship that kills good sport everywhere. It is up to narrow minded and
prejudiced people to keep out of official positions or else loosen up.
The Frank.Bellevue hockey match
played on the local Ice, on New Year's
|\clay, provided sport lovers with a rare j
Threat. Frank started off playing strong
rand rather rough, scoring off a pretty
shot from Hurd In three minutes after
the whistle blew.  Bellevue rallied and
kept up,a strong pace all through the
■jsame, scorlrm her four goals lu the
^eond period. The last period was an
^exhibition of hockey seldom equalled
; ln these parts nnd owing to good goal
^'tending only one goal was scored off
I'MaeDonnld. of Frank.
hitllpvue position
vtjiynna goal
itioDonald point'
flckey cover point
right wing
left wing
The next item was a reply to the
secietary, stating why a brother could
not be placed back again on tho list
of those receiving compensation. The
matter wa<f now out of their hands
owing to tihe actfon of said brother,
who, when pronounced fit for work
by the doctor, instead of trying, placed the matter in the hands of a lawyer, who was now pressing for a settlement with the company. The company states that had this brother gone
the usual way and proved to the doctor his inability to work, it would have
been an easy thing for him to have
got his compensation continued. The
matter was ordered placed In our own
solicitor's hands for him to take action Immediately.
The report ot both measuring committees was accepted as satisfactory
and very satisfactory to a good number of our members.
Resolutions to be submitted to International. Convention—
- First: The present basis of representation being very expensive, the
drafters of this resolution were of the
opinion that none of the efficacy of
the organization would be lost by
having a less ntimber of delegates
present, as they would of necessity be
the cream of each district if selected
in the following manner: Tbat eac:i
Platelet have oue ddegate for every
thflpand members, or major fraction
thereof, and that each Local liave one
nomination, to be voted upon in our
bi-annual elections. Motion that we"
non-concur in the resolution brought
cut many divers opinions of the eon-
option of the trades union, movement
these injustices we advocated employing men who would not be dependent
on the operator for his livelihood and
would be in a position to look after
and attend to the best interest of the
miners, ©ut what do we find today?
The miners' agent or representative is
violating the,Mines Act, the secretary
cannot even go into tne mine to check
their measurements. The question is:1
What is the disposition of the miners
regarding this great farce of a Coal
Mines Act that we have in the province of Alberta? We are fully convinced that it is detrimental to our
interest, so therefore let us protest as
a 'body to the Legislature whence it
came. Remember that this is not an
agreement or contract, but a rotten
law of the province.
Mr. Dan Plcton, of Bellevue, was
visiting at Passburg on Sunday last.
The engagement has been announced between Mr. Harold Houghton, of
Passburg, and Miss D. Smith, of London, England.
There are Quito a few claims for
compensation still pending in these
camps and our secretary was instructed by the Locals to place these claims
before our solicitor. These cases are
being placed before an arbitrator. We
were told some time, ago that then Sifton government had enacted a good
many laws in fhe interest of labor.
The individual who gave us that information must have been hypnotized
by the Sifton spell.
'Miss Jessie Duncan and Miss J.
Howe, of the Passburg Hotel, were
visitors at Blairmore on Saturday, returning early the same evening after
some being of the opinion that the ' experiencing a breezy trip.
educational value could not be measured in dollars and cents. Motion lost,
so the convention will have the opportunity of airing their views on the
Second: The United Mine Workers
of America seek parliamentary representation as the only institutions that
counted for anything had parliamentary representatives.
Third: That our delegate be instructed to support all resolutions
having for their .object the affiliation
of all labor movements.
Fourth: That In the event of a
grievance not being satisfactorily settled in any District, a referendum vote
of the entire membership be taken to,
determine a strike o^ all organized
miners.       t   " ,
The secretary was given power to
make a small outlay of capital-to make
his office a little more accommodating
for the meeting of all committees.
The meeting ended by giving our pit
committee some work_and the paying
of bills.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦_♦_*.
Mr. Albert; Allen, accompanied by
his brother Billy and friend, arrived in
camp on Saturday from Michel after
spending some enjoyable time during
the Christmas and New Year's festivities.
We are sorry that we omitted in last
week's issue of the Ledger Our appreciation of the Stokes* orchestra, Coleman, and the good music rendered by
them on Christmas eve, We trust in
the near future to have the pleasure
of giving them'another engagement.
An accident occurred., to! Mr. Mc-
Keen Hunter, on Saturday morning. It
seems that when bringing his tools
down the angle, his foot slipped and
he fell down the chute, dislocating his
,shoulder and sustaining other slight
injuries.   Dr. Bell attended to his in-
Blairmore was in - excellent trim aiid
played a skilful game. The Coleman
boys too played a very good game, but
were unable to penetrate the home
team's defence. Very little scoring
was done in the first two periods, but
in the last Blairmore managed to land
the puck im the opponents' net three
times and the game finished with the
score 4-2 in th© home team's favor.
H. iBenson refereed the game.
*.. 'Dr. A. H. Baker left on Thursday
last for an extended trip to the States
•beforo settling down to further
Bill 'Beard was down from EJnnls'
camp on Monday.
Rev. W. Harvey Moore, of Ontario,
organizer for the L. 0. L., was in
town on Sunday last and addressed a
record gathering in the Opera House
in the evening. Rev. Mr. M'oore is a
great orator and fully succeeded in
his object, which was to explain to
the public the aims of the Orangemen's association. He spoke at great
length on the good work that was
being done by the Orange lodges all
over the D /minion, and before closing
expressed his wish of having more
good and able men join the organization and help carry on the good work.
Rev. Watkin Jones, of Coleman, also
addressed the audience and expressed
his pleasure at'being able to be present at the meeting. Mayor Lyons,
Rev. J. F. Hunter and several other
local Orangemen occupied seats on
the speakers' platform.
Mr. and iMrs. Wilfred Wolstenholme
paid a visit to Burmis on Monday.
The opening of the public school
has been postponed for a few days
owing to the installation of the new
boilers not being completed.
Ling Dong has rented the building
just vacated by Victor Lemieux. which
is next fo his restaurant, and will enlarge bis grocery department. An entrance is being made through the partition which divides the two buildings.
James Haddid, of Fernie, has accepted a position in Kefoury's dry
goods store.
James Burrows, , middle-weight
champion of the Pass, is training for
a bout with Joe Uvannl, which, it is
announced, will take place at Fernie
on January 14. Dick Marshall, who
recently fought a fifteen round draw
with Uvanni at Cranbrook, will challenge the winner of the coming bout.
Danny Moren was changed before
On Monday morning an unwelcome
surprise came to about thirty men
employed by the International Coal
Company in the York Creek district,
who were laid off for a considerable
time to eome, and about the same
number on Wednesday, making in all
about sixty. This comes very hard
on a great many of them, as they have
large families to support.
Developments are going on In the
lower seams and until the electric
hoist is installed much coal cannot be
hauled out of the slope which the
company is pushing on rapidly.
♦   Coleman  Local Union  Netes   ♦
♦  . ...  :   ♦
juries and immediately replaced his j J. W. Gresham on Saturday last with
shoulder. Mac says "I shall only be i having supplied an interdicted person
detained two or three days." We trust: with intoxicating liquor. He was scn-
that this is the case. , tenced to two months' imprisonment
The Maple Leaf colliery is working at Macleod.
steady at present, but owing to a lacl-r!    Dominic   Sartori.   the   Italian   who
of orders they qre only employing ;.   was remanded last week for having
small number. , injured a fellow creature in a drunken.
The regular meeting, held on Jan
4, was well represented on this occasion.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and adopted.
• There was no correspondence of a
serious nature to deal with.
A letter was read from Mrs. J. Kll-
gallon thanking the members of the
Local Union for their kindness in the
matter of taking up a collection on
behalf of herself and children. The
amount collected was $183.05.
The Sick and Accident Benefit Society committee submitted to the Local the rules and constitution which
will govern this body.
After varipus rules adopted by some
of the other Locals in the District
had been discussed, the rules governing .Bankhea'd Local were unanimously
adopted with a very slight alteration.
it was moved and seconded that 50c
a month be levied fronr each members
In good standing for the months ot
February and March. This will allow
of a considerable amount of funds to
be in hand .before any sick or accident
benefits are paid out. All members
in good standing to be assessed at the
rate of 25c per month. No benefits-
to be paid out until after April 1, 1914.
Some other matters of great importance were left over until a future
date. At the conclusion of our business. President Smith, who was pres
ent, aloiig with International Board
Member Rees, took the floor,
President Smith dealt in a very
masterly manner with several matters of great importance in the District and some local questions. He
left a very good impression on all the
members present and a great many
were sorry at being absent, not knpw-
ing the President would be at our
After the President finished his ad-
charged, as he could have put up the
plea of not understanding the sheets
put up from day to day, hence tho necessity of keeping tab on him for a
full month. On the Friday Secretary
Moore was in the colliery office when
he received his statement and the
clerk, Mr. Smith, endeavored to get
him to admit that it was correct. The
secretary made arrangements with
tha Mounted Police to be at the colliery office on Saturday, having all the
different parties concerned, and who
could give evidence regarding this
case. When Brown handed in his part
of the statement, bearing his signature, testifying that it was correct,
Sergeant Lumley stepped out and arrested him on receiving his check for
the bank. According t'o statement
made by the driver the number of
cars he gave and took from bis place
from the date he was instructed both
by the secretary and the management
was 54 and the number came up bearing his check was 88; This kind of
work has b^en carried on winter after winter and when it was brought
home to the guilty party's door, he
was fired, and there the matter ended. But this kind of thieving has got
to be stopped and surely these two
cases,-^Bolokoski of No. 6 mine, who
is at present doing six months, and
this one in No. 3, should be a lesson
to all that honesty is the best policy,
and although the party may think, as
In this case, he was getting away
nicely, nobody knowing but himself;
when there were at least'six of us
keeping tab on him every day. I may
point out that in every instance, with
the exception of Bolokoski, tbey were
all hew comers. We sincerely hope
that these two cases will eliminate'
this trouble and annoyance in the future.       ;"'■'..■'.
Wednesday being the Greek Christmas, a number of the men laid off to
The holidays being on, the Local
dispensed with their regular meeting,
which, after Wednesday, will be held
as usual (on Wednesdays), at 7.30, In
the Miners' Hall, when we hope to see
all taking, more interest in their affairs during 1914.
Although the number of men employed here at present is small, compared with twelve months ago, the
mine is working fairly regular. Last
week we were only idle on New
Year's day. '
Jim .McGuiness and Pius McNeil,
from Burmis, spent last week end at
IMr. Sara McVicar has returned from
his short holiday and is again attending to duties.
The roofing and heating of the new
saloon is about completed and it Is
expected that the,premises will be
opened early in February:
A. E. Greer, the carpenter who fell
from the roofing on Friday, the 2nd
insst., and was badly shaken, is recovering as fast as can be expected.
Robert Brown, master mechanic,
left by the midday train on Wednesday of ths week for Regina. Bob has
gone to look after the company's Interest In a business proposition.
\    *
Realty Co.
The mlmmi^e_j^_V!y:x_!Min£QiJ^^ addressed the meeting with a
on Saturday morning before Justices J _few well-chosen remarks in his usual
-'ers ",
tetnlt; Bellevue, i: Frank, 2.
ee, McNeil.
The'Bellevuo Band will ghe a con-
it In the Millers' Hall, HUlcrast, Sun-
Jan. 11* 1014.   Tha following Is
,io program: March. "Step along"; section, 'tMarltnna";  song, selected;
rri'* duet,  "La Belle Creolo"; reclt.
d air. "Air Varle"; trombone solo,
he Death or Nelson"; vocal qnar
fantasia, "Songs of Sentiment";
'piccolo solo. "Piraroon"; Instrumental
naftntto, ,-Vlllago  Chimes-',   para-
nbraia; chorus. ''Hallelujah "
■sllavua Local Union Notes  ♦
♦ ♦
Mr. Wilson, our postmaster, spent
a few days around New Year's with
his family In Calgary.
'Mr. B. P. Baker arrived from Pono-
ka last Saturday to take the position
of school principal. Two of the rooms
opened on Monday, and the third will
open as soon as the lady teacher arrives. ,
A few business deals have been put
through lately. Mr. A. I. Blais has
purchased the house and lot of E,
I'azzl and expects to build a new
store on tho front of tho property In
the near future. The two vacant lota
next to this one have been purchased
by McDonald & McDonnell. This part
of the town, which Is next to the skating rink and the best spot in town,
bids fair to be the new business centre when Frank mines open.
Mr. Wilcox left for Canmore mines
to resume work after the holidays.
Frank hockey team went down to
Btljevue On New Year's day and got
beat by that team, the score being
The Hockey-Club aro arranging for
a basket social and whist drive to be
held Itt the school house, Jan. 10, and
th© Scotch are considering the possibility of n Burns' night around the
25th In honor of the famous poet.
The annual meeting of ratepayers
of the town of Frank waa called for
laat (Monday night in tho school hall.
Mr. Farmer trfok the chair and read
the report of both school and town
for tha year 1913. It wis surprising
how much money was collected for
tba past year, with tha condition tha
town waa In, tho total amount being
nearly $7,000. Last summer tho school
vtare—whfff^ffatBIhgtn the new wash
house, which the coal company constructed a short time ago, owing to the
fact that there is always water dripping from the roof. The steam collects on the sheet iron roofing and
keeps the place wet.
The Passburg mines are working
steady. There are a large number of
men looking for a Job every day. At
present every vacant place in the
mine ls full up.
It seems that a little straw boss
around here is in (he habit of requesting the employees to leave their statements until the next pay day.   We are
Gresham  and JungetL    Sartori  was I breezy style.   He advised that all Lo-
sentenced to six months' hard labor, j cals who were in a position to do so
S. Berry will be In charge of the it0 send a delegate to the International
Blairmore Hardware Co.'s store dur- ■ Convention.
Ing the absence of L. Dutil. !    Questions were asked and answered
J. J. Thomas arrived in town from  b-v !,Qtlj  President Smith  ami  Inter
Pocahontas last week to take up a
position as fire boss In the W. C. C,
mine here. Mr, Thomas i'or many
years held a similar position in the
Frank mine.
The big Conservative rally, which
was held in the Opera House on Mon-
i day night,   waa one  of  the  largest
I crowds ever seen In Blairmore. The
meeting opened at. 8 o'clock with Dr.
not in a position to state what author
; Ity this boss has for giving out state-j A. C. Johnston, of Lundbreck, In the
1 ments. because his occupation Is not chair. The chief Quaker of the even-
that of accountant to iho coal com-Urn *«» the honorable member for
pnny. It seems strange that the em i tit's < .>u<mtuency. Robert E. Camp-
ployees of the Leltch Collieries can-»1*1!. wbo delivered a'most'Interesting
not be given their statement of wages
on Thursday the same as in the adjoining camps, Instead of receiving
statement and wages waon coming
home from the mine on Saturdays.
F. A. Cote, of Coleman, is now at
sjiocch. Mr. John Herron, lata M. P.
for the Pincher Creek district, also
delivered a very rousing speech and
congratulated the Rocky Mountain
Riding for electing Mr. Campbell.
W. Evans has removed to Bellevue,
work nt the Passburg Hotel, repairing j where he will so into tha livery bus!-
some broken parts in connection with | ness with his brother Hob.
tbe furnace. j   a raid was ma<I<« on a houso In the
Mr. Benjamin Hilt, an old timer lu j red  light district  between  Coleman ,
ihe Pas*, blew ln here last Saturday (and Blalrmoro. on Monday night, by In Coleman on Monday night, Jan. 5.
from Caiunry.   "Naught doing." eaye iCorp. Grant, of Colenvm.   Two ladles In" matters of liiifiMi.
The ladies ball given on New YeaVs
eve was the most elaborate thing of
its kind ever witnessed in Bankhead.
The hall was beautifully decorated, the
national Hoard Member Rees. Aftsr
Board Member Rees finished his
speech a motion was In order to reconsider the motion which we tabled
—viz., the' question of sending a delegate to the Internationa! Convention,
and a motion was put before the
members present to call a special
meeting ort Mond:ty night, at 5 p.m.
, At the special meeting held 5 p.m.
on Monday night, It „was moved and
seconded that we do not send a dele-
fate to the International Convention.
The committee appointed to take
up the collection on behalf of Mrs.
Kllgallon wish to thank the Coleman
and Carbondale Locals for their kind
generosity on ihis occasion.
A. J. Carter, secretary of District
18, paid a visit to Coleman on Monday on Important ousltifrss, and left
on Tuesday's local passenger for Cal-
Vice President W, Graham was also'
feet.    Great praise  is due  to those
ladies who prepared the hall for the
occasion.   The floor was In excellent
condition;   the  crowd   also,   as   was
proved by the way all enjoyed the refreshments at midnight.   Ladies acting  as   M. C.'s  made  everyone  "at
home.    Card playing, ice cream par- [
lors and dancing were enjoyed till 4 !
a.m.   Quite a crowd of peopln attend- ■
ed the dance from Banff. J
Dr. Na'y and wife, of Hosmer, were j
visitors of Mr. and Mrs. D. G, Wilson. |
The scliool re-opened on the 5th |
Inst., which was a relfef to mosi par- j
ems.   . .*"'..    ,. ':j
The Polish residents and members
of the Polish Benefit Society held a
dance on the 3rd inst., which was well
Banff curlers visited Bankhead on
New Year's day and the results were'
not very gratifying to the local rinks.!
The visitors will do well io call-again i
wh-en some of our "green one*" wil
be more "seasoned."
Now . is  the time
Von cannot afford
to lose when we
can   protect   you
Agents for Oliver Typewriter
Co. Machines at 17 cents per
Benny, around Calgary.
We are itorry tb hear that the old
war horse. Dick Beard. 1% suffering
with Indigestion. A great fill around
Christmas and New Year's does not
soem to agree with Dick's constitution.
Plenty of exercise Is a sure cure.
Mr. A. Smith, of Lunbreek, wax In
Passburg on Sunday wending hia way
towards home sweet home, which It
tha dearest place on Mother Rartb,
mays Arthur.
Tha Plcton, Beard and Coram or*
chestra, of Passburg, was in attendance at tbe dance on Saturday evening
Jilli^-M^f ftSffv^i^JL1?^!*"*  everybody  present  apprwisterf
duced to $500, and thero la mora thnn
mnough to cover thU U nil tasea are
paid. Tha council and secretary da-
aerva great oradlt for tho careful way
In which thsy havo figured things
out. Soma expressed dissatisfaction
at tha lighting system of tha tows, as
ror a little while th# lights at the rait*
road crossing hare basn out, but Is
waa esplalne-d that thia was due to tha
difficulty of • Mealing lampa for these
plsces. Criticism waa also freely offered about the stumps tliat Mr. Palmer placed at Interval* in the Main
gtraat In plaoas la tba middle of tha
sld»walk. Thii waa vary ttmtly, as
only last weok a nan felt or<r one of
Our ma-atlBK convened as usual with
president In tba chair, and a good
*»vd prasant.   Tba mlnuten of tha
ius moating  were adoptod aa
»sd. Tha (Irat Item of note waa a re*
taat from tb* general offieoa, Blslr-
i ora, seeking our co-operation In the
lectin* of a suitable ambulance for
,ta uso of both mines.   Th* matter
"a« given tbo pit oomn-Utta* to ban- .       .     .        i—*.*!.
fit. with l»*truction* to consult tba '""P *l •"*'" *8* »*■■»■• bla lag badly.
<£ jXv aXKi ftaSSrSkSh 1   *• MwlwrttoM for <*in«tllora for
had taken possession of the housn on
Saturday night, but after appearing
in court on Tuesday were Ordered „to
leave tha district,
Joo Furstrong has nj«>ned up In hl»
old stand In Lewis's pool room.
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
A concert and dan<-«* ««* glK'ti ia
tha Coleman Opera  House on  New
Year's m-e, under th" ■iiwiiii.-e"-- -X Mv
Coleman branch of 8*\ John"* Anion*
Those or the dancing class who have I lane*  Association.    N'otwlthtttandina
already received their patent pedomet-1 *"""• attractions, th*..   ha* « *ou.i
era ara practising the tango at every I attandaiica.
opportunity. Coma and join ua. Bvery I., A Scotch dance was held In the
Saturday,  social and  dance,    flood 1 ^*lM, Hall   on   Hogmanay   mtlit
't*'rj mut-j
time and good music situred.
I'ontaln a variety of such thing*
tb#« comlna year w#r* as follows. W.«.im mommi
J, MeOowan. f, Wolgr and i. Wh**l*t ;*fh^Z
It imjm tta tn plma* ron ami
•II our efforts ar* for your
tlMiin*  tbe  old  councillor*,  and  J.
Thomas. Kran Morgan, dan Don lop,
j J. A. McDonld and f. Wilson.  We tin
d*rst«ad thst a faw of tbo shove have
de-cllned.  The eleetfon will tako place
next Moud»y batwwai tHa boor* of S
p.m. and a p.m.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦        LETHBRIDGE NOTES        4
Tho mlnes# here are still running
full time, but tbe exceptional fine winter Is having Ita effect on n*l«hlioring
tninosi and without doubt, If It ron-
tlnues, the Prairie Min.* *1ii he al!
on abort tlmo in the near fut*ir«»
Slnee tbe Incoming of tftlt, there
haa been quite a few ntvMenf*    Oe
BaUnJ,4> Ffmti Hoiokoskl ejlmhi-fl ov*-r
a fenced-off old room, In No. r, mint;.
In which, fortunately for t*\*n,   b •
waa only a small body of gai.   This
h» tanked with hts op#n ll*ht, a* ttirm
slightly burned about tba face.  Thorn-
aa lore, an Englishman. att»4 in tte;
when about fifty couples were present, i same way, but wm uot so fortunate,
Tba Observer Is now on" the war j Supper waa aerred nt  11,30.    News thore being a greater body of gas. |
oath against participating In strong < Vear's day was ushered in l»» the en-) which he Ignited and burned bim *<•■
obtained a con'ltJr# «owpany singing "A -fluid New fverely about tho head, face and arms
' Vear tae You All."  Ilsnrtng was kept, Ho ia progressing as favorably as can
ap until six In the morning. b« expected.   On Monday a trapper
Coleman Iloekny Club Journeyed tn i hoy bad lha ralafortuae to got bis
Malrmore on New Year'* dar to en- hand Bevc-ridy  4-r*»«hrd  between the,
gag" th<* locals In a game of hockey  end* of two *•**•    Tuf»daj ft»n in»ut
in No. a mine, <loorgo Lowe, s young t
Scotebman.   whllM   at   work   In   h!<* *
room, bad a »'.u.<* «.* i*mn fwil upon \
him from tho mnt whVh < itisht b'.m \
ftn svith legs abo-.o ih*» ankle- and hold
In that position for wiif tint* until |
hi* brother,  who  «'tr!.« \t\ tin- next .
room, went tn to .i-un'tati. *;.•- i».i*<.!» •
for his not comin* our to »h<» sw|t*-h
wl'lt, Ui* car.    If« at mn** r«>f*>»*o<|
him and had hint e«nrov»»>t »« •*" "*
l.i. *   .j.. *i9t4ii4tiisi  »«» in   •*'.ii'!r»«
ltd «♦   t\r,f*.   • *,* ■<-,,*  ' - .,. *,,..
lifiwnltal.    Tho h-MW  ■«,o1«b«   ■•. i:■:■••-•
on bim for so lone a tlm* an** '■"■
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
W'o will furnish your how»e from cellar to garret and at bottom prices,   fall, writ*-, jihonc or w'r«.   All order* given
prompt attention.
If you arc •attifled, tell Unci*,   if not eatisftsf. ttll us.
beverages, ana bas
tract to sink at least fifty wells In or
der to provide tbo boys with plenty of
Adam's ata.
It soems around Passburg, over)' imy
day, that the employ**-* «>f tho coal
company cannot obtain thoir wacoa
on a 'vory w>ft Jco, ami -suffered do-*
until lato la tb* emiing. turn thorn I r«*i** «»>o scorn of 4 aoala to.I.
ia no train coming from tho oast about Thore woro united In »ho bond* «f
atippor ttmo Wfcy sot fc*!»d It out «««•»*»<««««>. »> «b« Kev T, M. Mur-
f RofmlB from •« much »r«*,n tv I»«I»«tlo»-I <'h«n-h. *fr
talking and comply with thu utatuto* I X •**""*   ot tfrlaman. and  Ml**
of tha prorino*.  Wo aro goulng tinwl
of tho samo old tato no monoy.
♦ aLAMMOfte NOTE* *
I)*J«y Burn*, of folonwn.   Wo wish
thom joy.
Miss V I'.mtlo. or Wostchoster.
Norn dpotin, hn* taken up the du*<lea
of ocbool torn ter in tho folomnn public school
moo 4mm ami   I   MrKonn  llnntor
'.A '<i A-.-1   .',•;„■     .*, -it*. -UjiMeira ii«>u«*
♦ I
t «vn N'ew V*«r'.« > *>
Victor U-iulmtk. »h« tta* »«»r many | Tba chimney of Mr* Pitt rick Kano** ■»wot Hag m^twltteg t^mfrvMH <i.j.e- i*
yaara boon coadaotior •'karroo •Hf'»)-:»«*«- imk fJr« m, \*'* VsWa morn Impossible to aacortaln whrther i-u-n-
ber«, Wl ob Monday for Maplo Loaf. Im*«, Fortnnately tho fiic waa axtln-l woro anv brottmn bino* tn* f«•
whoro ito will opan up a naw btialntsa. ignUhod bofnre :tv.   -"'nu* danmro pmtfnr tbo r
It !*uf!l left oa Tn#«Ml*y tor tt*i*-H*f '* ■-* *«■■•
Au. t^wa *•« •«•«• Uf J    Tho sowing mwhUi*- i-i-*-*** -h. CoHl
Mffcnf? f\)tu-i<rt  cvrrjk   Suii-
.laj* niirht with nunrio hv tho
T.jrrr-'    Orchwtu*   *4   itvt-
iymc mm co.
£ W JWWnjf .        MaMftr
*»* HMmmtDwr, ttnewtse ottr stent, ttlag bla atotbor. wbo rsstdca tbar*. (towor for ovory i»ir ' «
tarjr. la rorr mack dlsaatisftat with! Tho ball glvon la tbo Optra Home worth of nun's «Hi«fl"r e
tba rating handod down rocently by on X*» Toar"s night, undor tbo aoa- Arobio Andorson, «f Wo«
.9   9........    «... ..        .      . ...        pltm ^ ih0 ffairmm fiGrfcey \tmm.\   A «on*i»tt*oo  h*» h-
waa largotr attondod and everybody I and arranged *o bold thon Joyo4 thomtafves lo tbo fail, Tbo land fifty fifth aanltomr
music waa soppflod by tbo Coloman
1 orrhnttnt.
Mr. Stirling, rhlof Incpoctor ef Minos,
aa te what constituted a "practical
working miner." Wa maintain that
a man. aftor digging coat for a largo
number of roars, la a practical work-
lag luUk.-v, rognnlliott ot hu occvpalioa j Corp. -Oraat, of tba R
at tba prsaoat tlmo. Wkatbar ba tM^da! wss down trnn, rt**nm*>
a minor'* r*r*'fVn«,> 0f cujii»%Uw* > w »*»ot
who?hor ho li omployod by tbo minors,
bo I*. In oar opinion, a practical work-
'at irstiwr *t4 earn** *iHtiti tbo ng Ma-
fag of tbo Coal Mfnoa Act. Tb* raaaon
why «• aro ao porststoat on thl* fm-
portaat *i9*,ilm Is tbls*   Wo ara all
■*-*r ovor IJ
»-as won by
X. W M p,
-ir. Trmr*.U,
mil Hurt* waa in tmm Burmi* on
F. a tioomo. of tbo Union Bank, ro-
turnod wttb bla brM* on ttatnnlaf
after an oxtoodod booovnomi trip
i*f RaW-tfo fhir"* f
iluuw on .)if.iiir« -*
aM -fonoor? nnd d-ux
,.i.>*trt[ii    na*    *,*.i'*\
* ijirii Hint and mny
1" pm    fb*!r to W '-;'*.'
M.   Mormon.   J    I"
ovor »h*> P;»«* ar-* • *'.ir
Wsnhu)   X uh man
Strtt, Chluftittm loft an tetarday'a f Wor. t   xf if,i-
♦a<l a war* ttt tba attltado af tbo «tm-1 t^trhmrtrt fowl far il«* OU ilwmrr.
in** ono ot tnom ws* broh<'t>    ?!«»■
doctor Is »i«, auro of tho oih«-r l«-g
Todaj (Wodnoadayt »J. Ilf«»»ji *n
Aiistratian, 21 yoar* of ar<\ l» 'nXm
trlol at tbo a X. W. H P. barr*rk«
»*»r»»lntod tar <*bocklti« cur* in Xo .1 m'n«- wh. -
i* hundrod tlwn hi* own. tlm t»or I bo *'»n.■**! u
this mrtiott and on the '••** >'•» - * ■
u-i.i romphunt* ot mmti l»»i»n« l<i«'
throo r»rt-.   Tbor» bofng no nn-ftstrr.
•n.f   ,'*-i«*-1   •;■:     l'... •. mt.ni * nut.in   :>"   <'■•'*•
i hint- in ',}),■ i-:,u> in§itm thnt j«i!>rif*;e
waa golmr oo ami itt o«*f#- w**1- f.i»*
'■tlt.wt   >h'-f**,„   ''JC**!^   »««(♦   f(»M»..'»T»-
a* fron 'b^ck*.. and b;»«l tbo**- nf»*'nf
b» iho romplatftora on tht  imuh- ■■.'
tlw**-oar*    v*#*t* m">iTtA.tit, tt>- ".th, t'.r- *
tmr* with tbo mt**r thi**** .**i ••
*-»iw <«aM- to tojt. tm* harliig Jit*>*■»'*
tho birth
'.j*;'. <1<,wim
*-y.i a »n-j»por
*>•• t'tf-llfn*
 *o<!     with
fhi.ira or>on at
- . • ; v* bv a
s ni. Hm**n   all
ll!',    !ttVtlr.J   tO
«   i»r».',»*bt   mp
-» .tr-Hui-uu-*
iMru ta iU **-***■ -iter Miow wwrtron
wbo tUini to doawad tbatr rigbts aa
attfirn m#n wora dlacrlmlnatM. rlrtim-
faad and ao forth, awt, l» ttm. feaaad-
N aat «f Om» tmmtry.  To attmlaat*
tm 'fr!d«y. Jaa. 2. »f»4 t,n nmmnluntt • Iron ebaefc.   Tba drfoor wa* iMtw*
CbW of Potffo Pord was flood fSd #d to carry a book »ml tnh** n<-tt*
and «wf». unit for bnlmt drunfe and j ovory   ear  bo  aavo  aad  tswfc
where sk* will r*«M« ta fataro
Omi of tbo rtaanaat  and  faataat
ga*mo# of hookoy totm tbla mmm *«a IdbMrdarfy waa fartbor atftod to stomp' from Brown oock day.  Ti* lattar ba-
playod m tbo Bttlnaonr ink « H% ap anothor ti and cost*, makln* la .tag a atraatw It. t:-f- r.loo tt was lv
t. botwtoa ti* local* a*4 fotoaaaa  an VI 1 VNtfM* «* pro****** tt *t-r# him
F. M. Thompson Go,
"Th« QuntUy Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery
& Everything in Boots & Shoes
Yon IM Wa".t thc Best !s WU j«« Wear
it.'y ti**i nn* n it«-***»-s«*tfy flit- «!uii|t ui.dJuj. ,unl
jiff -ftlMitlulfly tfti.'ii'jttifs****! «*itli.-i |n'»»rof',ii*nr l«l"'<!.\l.
WAI'MII'lliMJK or « jkiirof flu- frii'ihimi ini.atitl
"K" iii^lv*' *•}*•♦••-
Robin Hood, Vive Roses
A Quaker Flour
rr*«ft New Z«HlHnd »utt«r Mt pwr Its.      49c
Brookfl«!d »utt«r. •       •      a lba for T5c
CHolc« Olklt^r • •        •        par tit. JOc
strHrttjr Wrmmn Kmu*       •      -    p«r dos,Mc
9mmmmmmmmmmmmmmtmmmmmmmmmmm.99.    m     . ,    , ,    ,  ■——»
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blairmore, Alta. -f-V.^&v
■ I»
I    Jin*
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Xoble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet  every Tuesday at 8
p.m. in tlieir own Hall, Vic-
torla Avenue.
C C, G Barton.
K. of R. S., Chas. Buhrer,
M. of P;, Robt. Dudley.
Meet every  Monday at  S
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill,
Secretary, W. P. Vance.
Bar supplied with   the   best Wines,
Liquors mid Cigars1
No need having piles any lopgerJ
Ko need of suffering another day!
Stearns' Pile Remedy (complete with
tube) will help you or IT C08T8
This remedy ls a combination ot
tbe lately discovered, high-priced Adrenalin Chloride with other powerful
curative principles, and IT 3T0P8
So sure are we tbat Stearns' Pile
Remedy will benefit yoti that wo
you are not satisfied.
*ThIs Is the only pile remedy that
ve can guarantee and wo know you
Kill thank ua for telling you about It
!W« bave tbe exclusive agency.
(Continued From Last Week)
Nor is there, under the capitalist
system, any 'escape for the working
class from such conditions. Times
would be better if there were two jobs
for each mail instead of two men for
each job, (but under the capitalist system, there can never he two jobs, nor
even one job for each man. A man
employed implies the existence of a
market for his product. The working
class constitutes the market for the
grea,t bulk of the goods that are produced. Diminish the working class
and the. market is thereby automatically reduced correspondingly. So long
as private Individuals own the industrial machinery of the country, so lone
will workingmen be compelled to accept wages that represent only the
cost of livlnc
This is so plain that, it wo'uld seem
as tf the mere statement of it would
be sufficient to carry with it conviction. Who has observed the rise and
fall of wages without noting that the
cost of living fixes \vagies?s The present high wages are duo to nothing but
the high cost of living. Whoever
heard of workingmen striking for
grand pianos, Persian rugs, and college educations for their, children?
Who has not heard of workingmen
striking for enough wages to keep
their families alive? When men can
live on their wages, they never strike
for money to put.into the bank. Workingmen who should strike for money
to put Into the bank would be frowned
upon by the community. Who would
•be willing to walk five miles a day to,
and from his work merely to enable
striking street car men to put money
into the bank? Not one man in a
thousand. We are precisely as ignorant as that. If the whole working
class, would strike to put money into
the bank, the working class would
have money in the bank. Nothing can
defeat the working class except the
working class itself. It comprises
more than 90 per cent of the ipopula-
The particular point that he wished
to puncture was the contention that a
protective tariff was necessary to enable American manufacturers to compete with their foreign rivals. Mr.
Underwood contended that the profits
of American manufacturers were so
large that they needed n6 protection.
Mr. Underwood contended„that American manufacturers paid" their employees so much less than they earned
that they need fear no competition.
In making this contention, the Congressional Record that he himself
gave me quotes him as saying:
, "I find in the report oi the secretary of internal affairs of the State of
Pennsylvania a very interesting* and
accurate tabulation of statistics, of
manufacturers. It is Official Document No. 9, page 69. This document
shows that the combined production
of the steel works and rolling mills
for the year 1907 for the State of
Pennsylvania amounted to 12.953,000
gross tons, at a total valuation of
"■'The average yearly earnings of persons employed in th© steel works and
rolling mills are shown to be $663.80
per year in the mills of 'Pennsylvania.
. . . (The Pennsylvania report which I
haye just referred to, shows that the
average value of the production of
each employee in the mills of Pennsylvania amounts to: $3,661. In other
words, the average wage In the iron
and steel mills In Pennsylvania Is $663
as compared with an earning capacity
of each employee of $3,661, making the
labor cost only 18 per cent of the value
of the product of the employee.
"■The same report, referred to above,
shows that the average yearly, earnings of meri employed in the tin-plate
industry in Pennsylvania amounted to
$722, and the average value of the production for each employee amounted
to $2,127, making the labor cost 23 ,per
cent of the value of the product. . . .
"The same report shows that the
average value produced by each employee in the manufacture of cotton
tion.   It includes al} of the brawn hi   and woolen yarns in Pennsylvania is
$2,S25, and the average yearly- earnings bf each employee are $363. This
report „ shows that the textile industries of Philadelphia pay their employees on an overage $429 a year, and
that these employees produce an average value of product amounting to
"The same report shows that the
average value produced by each employee in cotton, woolen, waste, arid
shoddy manufacturers amounts to $5,-
846, and the average yearly wage in
these industries was about $449; that
the woolen and worsted goods produce
ed by each employee amounts to $2,-
445, and the average yearly earnings
amount to $454.
"WheiritTs Borneiirnriiid'rnat-tire-
average ad valorem rate of duty on
the importations of worsted goods
runs all the way from 50 per cent to
140 per -cent, and the percentage of
labor cost is only 18 per cent of the
value of the product produced by each
man, and the English workman receives at least one-half the American
wage scale, making a difference In the
labor 0081 In any case not to exceed
9 or 10 per cent, of the value of the
American product. It shows what an
enormous protection is given to the
industry above the difference In the
Now, nothing nbout tbe foregoing
statements except that in black type
are mine.   They are Mr. Underwood's.
the country. It includes most of the
brains in the country. There are not
many brains in the country, but such
as there are belong "to the working
class. Not enough exceptions exist
to be noted. Every man of great social value comes from the working
class. They are the ones who invent
whatever is invented and who run
whatever is run. Edison came from
the working class. J. P. Morgan did
I have said before in this magazine
and I say again that the only remedy
for this situation is that wfcich Is provided by SoclalismyThe working class
of this country is producing great
value and. getting little 'of it.    Every
maifinTiIfsensesTTnB'wsli; MTTWor"
gan knows It. Mr. Ryan knows lt.
George W. Perkins knows It. Even
Oscar W. Underwood knows it. I
should dislike to rest the case of Socialism upon any statement made by
the over-estimated Mr, Underwood,
but I cannot forego the temptation to
prove iby quoting from one of the tariff speeches that lie so kindly gave me
that he knows only too well that
American manufacturers are skinning
American workingmen to the bone.
The speech from which I quote was
made by Mr. Underwood on March 25,
1909. The Payne tariff bill was under
discussion, Mr. Underwood was seeking to show that the bill was a fraud.
He vouched for their truth. 1 do not.
I do, riot believe they are true. They
are substantially true, but they are
not exactly true. In computing the
value of the worker's product, in each
case, he did not take into account the
cost of raw material. The cost of raw
material represents wages* waste and
profit. 'Whether Mr. Underwood did
not know these facts or whether it did
not suit his purpose to state them, I
have no means bf knowing, If he did
not know them, he is too ignorant to
take part "in a discussion of the tariff.
If^he.did know them and yet did not
state them, he is intellectually too dishonest to take part in,the discussion
of the tariff or anything else. The
■plight of the American workingman is
not quite so bad as he stated it to be,
but it Is bad enough. It is so bad that
the American workingman never gets
ahead "while the class that employs
him never goes back. But the American workingman's plight is not so bad
that it is necessary for. Mr, Underwood
or anybody else to picture his misery
in colors more somber than exist.
Nothing is ever > gained by the overstatement of a case.
We are now beginning to get a near
view of Mr. Underwood. We are beginning to see this man as he is. He
Is a hero made of printer's ink. He
poses as a,champion of the people,
yet if he is a champion of the people,
Thomas P. Ryan is a champion of the
people and* August Belmont is a champion of the people. Ryan and Belmont
are "Democrats." Underwood is a
"Democrat." Such men, when pleading for power for their party, are always prolific in their protestations of
the potency 'of their proposals.
But when, their party comes into
power, gentlemen like Mr. Underwood
slow up a bit. With the tariff reduced
and itsjull results soon to be known
bf all men, it becomes futile to make
loud claims. So they moderate their
tones. The people tre gently caution^
ed not to expect too much from the
low tariff nor to expect that little too
soon. (But Democrats do not dare to
talk that %vay when they are campaigning. The promise of a few cheap
cabbages from Canada would not have
won the election for Mr. Wilson in
1912. in 1912, the reduction of the
tariff was to fill the "empty market
basket." In 1913, with the facts about
the tariff about to become known, the
tariff reduction is nothing that Mr.
Underwood cares to talk about in precise terms.
Waving revealed Mr. Underwood as
exactly the sort of a man whom It is
more pleasant *tq meet before election
than afterward, I shall now reveal him
as a man who knows so little about his
great subject, the tariff, that he denies
in one speech,what he asserts in another—r'anj~indebted~for-tiiis-privS-
lege t'o the copies of the two speeches
that Mr. Underwood himself so kindly
gave me. In Mr. Underwood's tariff
Bpeech of March 25, 1909. he said:
"There is no doubt that a tariff bill
can be written, based fairly on the
difference In the cost Of production at
■home and abroad."
On April 23, 1913. m speaking upon
his'own tariff bill, he said:
"As a matter of tact. I contend that
the theory" Is not defensible; that It is
impossible for anyone to reach a conclusion based upon the difference In
the cost-of-productlon theory."
Now, If a Socialist were to have
such head-on collisions with himself,
everybody, would understand them.
By the common consent of the uninformed,' a Socialist is necessarily a
jackass. He never knows what he is
talking about. He changes his opinions from day to day. But please bear
in mind that Mr. Underwood made the
foregoing statements. They are not
important, it is true. They express
only the opinions of Mr. .Underwood.
But since the ink-speakers are so insistent ia presenting Mr. Underwood
as a great statesman, and since he
himself is trying as hard as he can to
head for the White House, it is intei-
esting if not important to show exactly how profound he is.
One more quotation from Mr. Un-
derwo'od's speech of April 23, 1913,
and 1 believe I shall have proved iby
his own words the1 bitterness of the
fraud, from the working class point of
view, that ls constituted by his tariff
law. In speaking of the high" cost of
living, as affecting manufacturers, he
"It is this high cost of living to employees that of necessity increases the
cost of production, lt is the high cost
of supplies that industry must bear
that increases its cost of production.
It is this Increased cost of production
that has chained American industries
to our shores and prevented them
from going out among the nations of
the earth to spread the goods and
wares of- American enterprise in foreign markets and to secure the fruits
of American labor and American enterprise to the people of our great
couutry." (Applause on the Democratic side.)
Do you get the significance or that?
Do you catch the appeal that is made
to the cupidity of manufacturers who
cannot he helped by a protective tariff? Mr. Underwood's law, according
to his own statement, is going to reduce the cost of production by reducing wages, and thus enable "American
enterprise" to "spread Its goods" ln
foreign markets. Please also observe
Mr. Underwood's admission that
wages are based upon the cost of living, following it both up and down.
"It is the high cost 'of living," he says,
"that of necessity increases the cost
of production," by compelling employers to pay wages enough to enable
their employees to live. His law will
reduce the cost of living and thus re-B
duce the cost of production he reducing wages. >
Are American Workingmen fools?
No; not quite. They are the victims
of printer's ink. The present industrial situation is so absurd that it
could not exist for another five years
if the truth about it were told,and retold to all the people. It is only because all the batteries of the press are
devoted to the tremendous task of
seems white to so many people. If
most of the newspapers and magazines were to be devoted for the next
five years to explaining and advocating Socialism, a public opinion would
be formed that would compel the government to take over the ownership
of all the great industries of the country and operate them for the solo benefit of the people.
But that would put the grafters out
of business, and that is precisely, what
Uie gratters do not want. That Is why
they control the visible supply of
printer's ink and make Into heroes
gentlemen like The Overestimated Mr.
ist" Spoons
N. E. Suddaby
These Great
Marx Killers
B. C
(With apologies to Thomas Hood.)   :
By Jay
With fltiKem slender and Ions,
With eyed that glitter greed.
A railroad official sat at his desk
Plying his scissors with speed-
Clip!   Clip!   Clip! ,
Remorse tn his mind does not lurk. 1
What mutter* a wreck If coupons ara
He sung thc "Song of the Shirk!"
"Hut why should 1 talk of death!        ;
•That phantom of grUly bone,
1 )utrdt> liui hi* turibk sh.ij'*..
for the blame Is not my own.        ;
It's true, the tilgnals are old.
And the men half U-aml fur kl.-t.-ii.
Ukewlso, steel cars am very d*»gr,
And flash and blood sr»? ch«'ap!"
O mtxi with sinters dear!
0 mni with niotltriM und ivlvi>n!
It Is not fonponit lw » clipping out.
Hut human <r«Miiri*t' lives*
<Ml|i   «Hp-~*llp--
Hy ni-KllKioncf, uri"<I nnd M«*altti,
MakiiiK tin* alill»«, with tin* ffiujioim
A »hrrtu<l a* »»■!! n* win Kit
Work--work   work--
Tl!! '!''.♦  ''r*'»'n '"•(•?''■*• '<» »<r!m'
Work—wort— work—
Till tftr *'i''-* :ir*" hi't'i  ami dim'
"Tltn" must ho mad*' at nny com,"
It Ix «rimlnnl to "hi* l»t»»'
Wn ttif» i-ncm-wr htm In* <*x*r\ i<->-rv«-.
And rtiHh-e* on to Uis f»t«'!
Wrwks!   a rooks!    wr*-ck»!
1 **w   +,rt.t,r   ......     . . *,.-a*.. * .   -#■*-   ■
•*.«•*,| , * mi     it-9,„:\t-i     •»• r»,i*V*•
With tttt in)nr*-<l. mnlmwt anil Mwnt
Mid mi-urn und ahrutka nnd moan*,
WM |pw*ir>i« SRifl *-*»H»k» and «t«i».
A correspondent calls our attention
to the following editorial article In
Hurper'n (Weekly of Nov, 29;
One of the most Interesting books
we know about Socialism Is that of
Professor Slrakhovltch. "Marxism
versus Socialism," published this
year. In it he presents very effectively a group of facts making
agalnat the theory of Increasing
misery, on which Marx based bis ar-
Riiment, Here Is an example of tha
amount of consumption of various
article* In England in 1840 and In
Uacon and ham ...
' fl.36
Cheese  .,,...
Currant* snd nils
Corn,   wheat   and
wheat flour 	
Haw iiiitur 	
i .'..:o
Hsflned sugar 	
0 4,',
Himllai' flgnr-p*
an* •
OtliKI'      « OUHtl'l-M»,
have perpetrated that magnificent statistical lie.
For, ou looking up Prbfessor Slink-
hovltch's book we tind, on page 138,
that the above table does not represent the amount of various articles
consumed per capita, but "tbo quantities of tbo principal Imported and excisable articles retained for home consumption par bead of the total population of tha United Kingdom." Thus
spirits, malt, etc., ara excisable articles, nnd the table show| the amount
of them retained for homo consumption, tbo remainder of tba quantity
produced having been exported. Rice,
sugar, tea, etc, are sll Imported, and
tbe table shows tbo amount of them
retained, for home consumption, the
remainder of tha total Imports bavlnb
heen reexported.   The consumption of
Ing whatsoever upon the "theory of
increasing misery." It proves nothing
either for or against that theory. The
only thing It proves, and beyond any
possibility of doubt, is the shocking
ignorance of a great editor and of a
professtfr of economic history ln a
great American university.—H. 8. In
The Xew Review.
By W. O. Smith
The Twenty-foiirth Annual Convention, which will conveno In Indianapolis, January 20,1914, will doubtless bo
the largest representative body of
union men that has ever met In con*
ventlon In the United States. Directly
and Indirectly 700,000 conl miners will
be represented In this great convention, All tho people in the United
States will be Interested In the questions that will be discussed In this
convention and the problems It will
be called upon to solve. Kot only will
tha people of the United Statei watch
the deliberations of this great body of
 r workers, but practically every civilised
t.M these and other tropical or colonial; nation will lm woro or less knteiosiud
t'ltuitjili tu iliimtiHH-.   Wi- Iimi* nol i
hapjH nmt to %1'tt any «-fr««-t lv«> HoHal- j
l»t|c HtiMw:i*r t« such flituri**, nnd t
ntiouid tw glad to know from *oim» :
im-mlft ui iimi t<«ri> nbsi tii«* W»i
answ«*r is, Hociallmm wtalnly
*t«nd* on a illfN-rt-nt footing ll It
im» to dfjwnd mi-ifly ou the alli'su*
tinn iimi. although tti«* world I* im
iu'ovIiik  ivlili grt'dl  n|ji*i*il now, So- '
ctaltam -eould make It improve «*v*n \
* **•   i*... t. ., *i„i» ..*,,., ,,„ *
tf tf ioulit demonatratf that Th»« mt*.»
•Vl>   Ill   till;   „».>UUU* t,a»i>  l»'rtu>   It** j
i!J!l*-«!>V'd. :
For <rharlt>'«  wik-i*  ■*•» iiiiii.lv  the}
products has greatly Increased, not
'only In Knglsnd but  throughout Ihe ;
Western world, owing to tho develop-'
ment of world-commerce.   There r«»-j
main tbe homely food produft*. such I
os com, wh-ttit, bacon and ham. but-
tor, rheesti and eggs, which up to 1840. \
under ilu> otd Corn Laws, wen* sub-
Jected to a high Import duty snd were
therefor*   Imported   only   in   nmsll
amounts,   Kngland In those days produced tli** bulk uf )ii>r own food supply.
IJut sln«« tin- abolition of th« Corn
l«n*« thew primary articles of food
ha,*- \,i-*-i) regularly impoitfd In largf
amount!., lifratiKo froo of duty, and
Ktigl.itid haa hwome d«»in*ndi»nt upon
tortian tounims lor l»*r (mod mii*>|h).
Thu* the above tab!*' !uij no twsr
In the TwtMily-fourth Annual Couven
tion of the United Mine Workers of
America, firmly established on tha
eternal principles of justice, thl* grand
organisation haa itrown In numbers,
developed In strength snd broadened
in Influence until ll has become a
"world power," battling In the great
atruggle for human rights and tha eyos
of the civilised world will b« turned
toward Indlanapolla while this convention ri'mnlu* In se«iioti,
But. while this Is to hn a great con*
vftitloit, **M*** th*r« «tll be moro delo
gatf» aitem! thl* mating than bave
attended any prevlon* convention, the
problem* which tht* delegation will tie
*v*ii««4 -uiiiiii to aehr a 111 be relaUv-M.f
a* nrp.it a« our greatly str*ngthi*n<»d
Till th«* heart Is »lck and the brain be-1 word* "per capita   which the writer*
numbed of He a bom forgot to hi»*rt after tht*
\* -1 ■*, -fwi-rfiil <fr«*nm Hurt}* "aminim ot rimitiimiiuau."
**9*.    *.,»-     **.t«Vl    +A9,    H.49..;,*,..     t,.,*,    ****.V*A
*!!.--.    •v-l***'-.
4.,,.lit    AA*   I*.**.*.-****.*
With fingers alender and long. »tion   U'l.*- 414 the people of Kogland
With ey#» that glitter with greed, (•*■*» in l**-,** Potato**, pork, b*«ef,
A railroad official sat at bis d»»*k       ! veal ami viewable* aren't mentioned
Plying hi* aclssora with speed - ! *n '*»«* tnUl**, »o of cours* they didn't
Clip'   Clip!   Clip! |*-at them,  of Neon and ham tbey at*
Remorse in his mind do** not lurk I m Juflnitt *imal an amount tbat It
What matter* a wwwlt If coupon* are I doesn't lount. Of batter, cheat*, egga
clipped! ' ''•■''* '*•'•-•• • '••'' •*» /*:-J*'A.i *v.i rice, lira.'*'
He mnt the   Kong of the Shirk''    plcatiy nothing. Of bread fCOtra. wheat}
WJi«.*» * Sla.tt.-fM) girl stum* ilte »jri<! of a jwnif.d a *\ny, le«» thno two ou»-«ni '
of S*» without marrying ahe la lah*l*d -they eeMalnly coaldn't afford to eet
aiiA i*la«d tn a j*»r1ft1eg«N! <rlas* an- rak*« \Vh»< «h*». «!14 the ftegiiah
iler the *p*tUl care of the King, who people live on In IMat
bind* Wmaelf to find a haafcawi tot \ The *rU. r of tht Harper's Weekly
ker. HI* t»»«1*tH l« deltahtfnliv aim-1 editorial atit(*-»r* to vtttttr from tha
pt* A priaoner in any one of the »i | same matad) a* mow p*optt>. When
awe*e jatt* may gem hi* t**»»U»u *ud | Uw _*-,.'t- ,. i*,..*. uf i'ytiAtVA w, £*_*')?«(!»
nieaaa %}* marrying tm ttt the matnre
wsidwm Whether he Is already mar
rt«4 or aot ia of ao -peat coaa*<nM«i t.
tar la mm a waa la not tvatrtcf e4 to
and when he «**« two rowa of flgaroa
-a atatMtir.il im* ht* lotto* ht* tm*
son. fall* ilo-xu ou ht* kn««s aad wor*
ship* tlw* Iftt-rntaM** newer. IW *•
prtaerved bi* fit* *eas*e ha ttuM aot
A Pure Crtam of Tartar Powder
Indispensable to best results—**v**
worry—saves r-ork—saves money-
saves health caves complalntsattflble
organisation. The miners In the coat
fields of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and many thousands in Pennsylvania. West Virginia, New Mexico
and Canada have not yet been unionised and tho great battle now raging
ln Colorado has not yet been won.
These non-union fields must be and
will be unionized. The sanguinary
battlo ln southern Colorado can be
and will be won. Through the slow
process of evolution these ends will
be attained. (The thorough and complete organization of the tollers of the
world Is Inevitable. Organized labor
the creature of greed cannot be destroyed by Its creator. But we can
either set the day farther into the future when labor's hosts will be thoroughly united on the Industrial field
or we can bring the goal nearer the
present by Intelligent, concerted ae*
During the past two years great
achievements have been wrought by
means of educational campaigns, But
yet our syatem of education la not
complete, We have not yet been able
to reach the vast majority of tbe people—who can always be depended upon to do tbo right thing when once
they know the right—with our aide of
If we had had some system whereby
wa could have shown each taxpayer
in Colorado Just how he was being
burdened with debt In order that the
coal barons might be permitted to ex*
plolt their employees t few more yeara
they would have fong alnce recalled
(lovernor Ammons and placed a man
In his place and the strike In Colorado
would ba hlatory.
If the Twenty-fourth Annual Convention will adopt a policy whereby tbe
peoplo can be reached personally. If
necessary, our success will be even
more phenomenal during the tiext two
yeara than It haa In the two yeara Just
Let our slogan he: Publicity and
• ducatlon.   1*. M. W. of A. Journal.
"The finding of the coroner's Jury at
den wood Spring* thst a violation of
the state mining laws caused the death
of ihlrt) arveiv men at New Castle was
no surprlae to me." aald John Molten*
tOim, ui iu<* 1 u.m'-u x,..«   ..,,.'9.4..     .*.* ■.
•lv\""  Vt*.n*n  of tb*** terriWe fo-ndl-
jtlnna in the mine* of the atate for
; some time and ao have tbe operators.
j The <• ormm^r't, **ntM thoalil prove to
the people of the state how the coal
corporations sre continually disregard-
I tne all ot ih* law* of <he atate.   fa
Hhetr desperation to breaa the time
I the coal barons are willing to risk
hundreds of Uvea.
"The utter disregard of human life
of tbe coal corporations Is shown by
the fact tbat thay employed an elgh-
teen-yearohi-boy aa fire boss in tha
Vnlcan mine while tho shot flrsr was
also a boy under twenty-one.
"The daager of bringing la laaxpe-
Ji'Iciux-J ueu a atrlkc breaker* Is also
1 shown by tbe coroner** report which
tsays *b*c*«ae they ware not eaperi-
mt*4 tm. miaera they vlotste-d many
■ state laws regarding prartleea wMhla
the mine.'  The fact that thee* moa
jbf nlmetr lack ef mptttowm and the
} evasion of the taw hy tha coal ©per-
at«r* cewee-0 ih* -A-a-alla ot i.Uiiy<e«s«i»
ohm aho«M aronee tlw eUlseaa of CM*
omdo agalnut the Importation of strike
breakers aa4 also caese thaaa to bring
pmaar* on tbo ofTHotn of the etato
While you are eating luscious, iuicy, tangy,
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You always order "Sunkist" oranges because they are the
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Picked and packed by gloved hands-rthe cleanest of all fruits.
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Not a Seed in "Sunidst"
Cut the trademarks front the wrappers around "Sunkist"
oranges and lemons and send them to us. Select silver pieces
from our 27 different premiums. Every piece the famous
Rogers Standard A-l guaranteed silver plate.
The Rogers orange spoon shown above is sent to you for
12 trademarks from' Sunkist" oranges or lemons and 12 cents.
Trademarks from "Red Ball" orange and lemon wrappers count
same as "^unkist." In remitting, send amounts of 20 cents or
over in Postal Note, Posp&ffice or Express Money Order.
Buy "Sun&isi" oratiges. by. the box;,*half-box or dozen—trom
your dealer.
Send your name for our
•complete free premium sheet
and Premium Club Plan.
\' ■ Send all orders for premiums
and all inquiries to ow)
CaliforniaFrait Growers Exchange
10S KW StfMt, tut. Cor. Church
Fresh Killed Meat at
Market Prices
The^Tal k~of the=Town-^Fry-'em 145 c4t»-
Our Meat comes direct from the 'Ranch to you and
is not Frozen or Preserved
ffl. K> DAVIDSON   proprietor
Next door to DeBurle & Birkbeck, Tailors
The  Misses Allen
Dressmakers   and   Costumiers
Ball Drssscs m Speciality
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAlk :-; Proprietor
to compol tbe con) otMrator* lo ofcoj.
the !«»•.'• '   ,
Tho lury lummoned by Coroner (I.
A. Ilopkttif. of (Honwood Spring!, ro-
(iirtiwl it vordlcl «'U»r«ln« that the
blaat was due to tbt nofllionoo of iho
Coifywll leaning Company, a mtl»iil<ll«ry
of tho Carbon tnvMtmonl and Bocur-
'•'        f-.   ■—• *      .,.«.«/■».    -In   ttttm    f«   <i
antMldlarv'of ib* Roofcy Mtrontoln rnoi
Tit* lerdlct r«ll*» (but th# op«r-
•toro won Mgllfftnt In thtt thoy 414
not tprfnklo tbo mino proporly. tbat
thoy pormlttN tbo um ol opon HghU,
that uttolciBK waa permltlod, ond that
IIM   MMm   Ui   »UUv*    HuStt.    -»«<.    ...  ..
won «« doty In Ibo min* waa a common practlot.
Tbe rardlct forthar reeltoa that tho
roeoffltmrndtttona mndt by Dopoty
8Uto Mino tnapwtor Obordlne, on
Oct. St, won not compiled with.
Thnwgboat tbo Inqattt tht ovldonco
ifttlkattd tUt tUe men wtrQ In tft«
feiMt of mioldaf etgartttm ud plyta
ntttt that tw*>ratiM> tboy w«ro not ft**
jmimot-i -ooal minora lh«r vUrtat*d
mm lawa of tbt Matt, retarding
pntrtkm wlthlf tkt nlo*.
Undor tbo taw tbo awn alwmld bare
Imm ptwrhkd witb coptet of tke atate
Mining etatutee. TWa Ibe eonpany,
tbe vertict aute*. felled to do.
k-tuxtUv ctmutrement of tfto ?«w ft
tbe pwtlaf of notlooe prlatoi In Um
varfotw rf»g«tg»f riffwwnfM fit tbo
m\M*.  Thii. Ute Jury found, waa not
'OINrf WStt# tM# SS ISlsH*
4KM MmM^     ^_^m_w^^t_m_~    J|L I,, ,    m ._.
xf-f^JBg. l?T*fff fisijrff s.
IVW mil WWW-^wi ____.-
I have frave<f ZaM-Sefc
^n^my|^|gA||     *^J V^i^tt^SaniA
iMPiMNNh) iri in|vrmb
A* a anther, yoa aara II
T   I?   Y
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Story of The
Putumayo Atrocities
By W. E. Hardenburg
On June 10, 1913, the report of the
'Select Committee of the British House
of Commons was made public. The
Committee found that the British directors of the Peruvian Amazon Company had been guilty of culpable negligence, but placed the responsibility
for ihe atrocities upon Arana. The
report was received generally as a
fair and well-considered finding, and
the comments 'of the press upon the
responsible individuals was extremely
In regard to Arana, the Committee
finds as follows:
"As a Peruvian citizen, Signor Arana is doubtless (not responsible to
British courts for acts done by bim in
the Putumayo. The Committee had
before them at thex outset, a despatch
of Sir Edward Grey's of Jan. 20th,
1911, in which, Referring to the Putumayo. he speaks of the 'present state
of affairs, which dates from a period
before the concern became a British
company, and for which it is clear that
the Arana Brothers are responsible.'
Sir Roger Casement definitely expressed In his evidence before the Committee tho view that' the partners in
the firm of Arana Brothers are criminally responsible.' Mr. Barnes, who
went to the Putumayo as a member of
the Company's commission of inquiry,
In answer to a question whether he
thought that Senor Arana was the 'organizer of the criminal system, replied, 'I think he certainly was.' During the sittings of the Committee a
petition of certain- shareholders was
heard in the High Court for the compulsory winding-up of the Company.
Mr," Justice Swinfen Eady in his judgment referred to Senor Arana's position In these terms:
" 'Senor Arana, with hts three partners, were jointly concerned in selling
a business that had for years before
the sale been concerned in collecting
rubber in the atrocious manner disclosed in the Report, . . . and it was
the profits arising from that business
and in part from the rubber so collected that were set out in the prospectus. In my opinion it is quite impossible to acquit all the members of
the firm of knowledge of the way in
which the rubber was collected. Certainly the atrocities must have "been
brought home to Pablo Zumaeta long
before the time of the Company's commission, and if Arana personally were
unaware of the extent to which these
atrocities were being committed, he
ought to have known and he ought to
have ascertained. Jn my opinion, having regard to his connection with the
Company, and his business in the district and his position as vendor, he is
the last person who ought to be in
any way connected with the winding
up of the Company.*
'\After carefully weighing all the
evidence placed before them your
Committee ls convinced that Senor
Arana, together with other partners
ln the vendor firm, had knowledge of
perpetrated hy bis agents and employees ln the Putumayo,
rectors," continues the report, "lies
the wider problem raised by the second,half of the terms of reference in
this~inquiry. . The case of the Pe-
It appears after all that Commissioner Price's recent report ou the
strike situation on Vancouver Island, i
is anything but a clear and impartial
statement of matters, that it does not
given anything like a full account of
many matters it takes up, and that
many decisions arrived at are, as a
consequence, to say the least, not a
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-similes of Prof. A  Garlow.
ruvian  Amazon Company  is one in  little misleading.   In speaking of cei
which a composite board of directors
drawn from three nations, sitting in
tondoiij nominally professed to direct
the operations of rubber production by
wild Indians thousands of miles away
in the depths of the Amazon forest.
•We now know\what has been possible
under the negligent ignorance of one
section of the directors and under the
callous indifference and guilty knowledge of another section of the Board.
The public spirit of a chance traveller
and an English journal was in this instance a'ble to present a strong prima
facie case for inquiry. Thanks to the
Initiative of the Foreign Office, and
the remarkable work of Sir Roger
Casement, the truth has been established, the worst infamies haye been
terminated, and it may be hoped
(though with no great assurance) that
a lasting Improvement in the conditions of this particular district may ba
'IBut in the course of the inquiry
your Committee have been impressed
with the fact that ill-treatment of the
Indians is not confined to the Putumayo.    It  appears  rather,  that  the
Putumayo case is but a shockingly
bad instance of conditions of treatment that are liable to be found over
a wide area in South America,    No
doubt there are special features peculiar to the Putumayo problem, such as
the dispute over the territorial sovereignty, which would not occur elsewhere.   But the spirit of the 'conquistador' appears to be at work on other
rivers.   The real difficulty is the existence of a low standard of treatment
towards   these   unfortunate   Indians,
though it is recognized that the 'best
elements in Peru and elsewhere are
working for improvement.   It would
be going beyond the scope of the Inquiry to attempt to indicate localities
where . . . the conditions are not yet
'brought up to a proper standard.   It
is, however, a very material point in
the Inquiry  whether  the  Putumayo
case is to be regarded as due to an
isolated gang of exceptional criminals.
The, Committee have had to face the
question  whether they were dealing
merely with a single and local outbreak 'of crime or whether they were
in presence of a more widespread malady.   The outrages on the Putumayo
were carried to an inhuman extreme,
which, if it had not been proved up to
the hilt, would have seemed incredible.   It  may  be hoped  that  these
depths of brutality are unparalleled
elsewhere.    But your Committee regret that they are unable to regard the
ill-treatment of the Indians, of which
the Putumayo case is an abominable
instance, as an isolated phenomenon."
The soundness of this opinion ls
Belf-evident   to   anyone   who   knows
Peru.   In the whole pastern half of
the country, peonage bf the most brut
al character reigns supreme.   Under
it, tribe after tribe of the forest In-
two decades.    Indeed,  Eberhardt,  a
former American Consul at Iquitos,
tain labor disputes on the Island he
states:   "In   the, year   1903   serious
strikes occurred involving the miners
of Cumberland,   Extension   and   the
mines of the Western Fuel Company
at Nanaimo, that the strike at this
place was of short duration,  that it
was caused by tjie withdrawal of an
allowance of 25 cents paid per day to
miners using safety lamps,  and  demanded hy the company on the introduction of a new and  better safety
lamp; also that work was resumed (by
the  men  on  the  restoration  of  the
same."   This is scarcely a half truth,
and is perfectly misleading.   Tbe full
demand of the company at this time
included  25   cents  per  day  off  the
safety lamp, and the imposition of a
charge upon the miners' house coal,
which had been free up to this time;
also a charge for all tools supplied
the men, which bad alike been free
until this time.  This took place at tho
time when the mines were managed
by i.Mr. T. Russell, who shortly afterwards retired and his place was filled
by the present manager,  Mr. T.  R.
Stockett.   The   local   union   of   the
Western Federation Was recognized at
this time by the Western Fuel Company. '.However, after tlie appearance
of Mr. T. R. Stockett plans were lm.<
mediately executed which brought this
union to grief.   A system of private
spy was set in motion to crush trrdes
unionism and eventually, as a result,
the last union of Nanaimo came to its
Waterloo.   From this hour to the moment when the present struggle for
recognition began men had been subjected to the ill effects of favoritism,
and drastic discrimination on the part
of the company, and these things are
some of the  reasons why the  men
sought  to  unite  themselves  with  a
strong union like the U.M.W. of A.,
for they well knew that-jwithout such
a union to protect them their case
for redress in such blatters was hopeless.  -
The next item to which we desire
to refer is that of the number of
Orientals working underground at
Cumberland. The Commissioner states
that "out of a total number of 690 men
employed underground in May, 1913.
432 were Orientals." The report of
September 15, 1912, shows that 315
Orientals were employed underground
and this, gives an increase of Orientals from September, 1912 to May, 1913,
of 117. The chief inspector of mines
confirms the statement of Price for
May, 1913, of 432 employed 'below
ground, also he states further that
only some 35 Orientals had been given
certificates: between September 15,
1912. and- July, 1913. These figures
show ia discrepancy of some 82 Orientals/which are not accounted for between -September, 1912, and May. 1913.
■Now comes;the rub. If the chief inspector's figures be correct, then some
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A "ltdg«r" adv. Is an
List of Locals District 18
*   N-tmt •*«. and R. O. Addrtao
WWU Ash Mine..... Wm Vei** T*»»ee Mb
MbAtttM......* V. Wheatley, BiBk-hftftil, AIM
Rt-i-Vij Cu*}. s, LougbrftB, Beaier Crook, via Pinch or, Altt.
BaUetoe j«mes Bark*, Uoi tf, Hellerue. Alta.
Blatrmors.... w. t» R-nnt, Oialrmore, aim.
Boral! ,.T. O. Hsrrlee, Paaibori, Alu.
Carbosdale ..J. Mitchell, CarbomJab, Coloman. Alta.
OiMIWW. Villi'.I U'*.****, -UtMIUMO, **HO.
Critmii  J. Johnstone, Coleman, Alu.
Corbin  ...J. Jonas, Corbin, B. C.
Cbtoook MfMt Jaa. Home, Chinook, via Diamond City. Alu.
Diamond Cltr J- & ThornhUI, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
remit,... .....Thot. Uphill. Fernie, B. C.
fftok  Bran Morgan. Prank, Alt*.
notour.......  W, Balderstone, Ifosnwr, 3. C.
Hillcrut ....Jas. Gorton, HUlcrtat, Alt*.
Lethbrtdge...  L. Mooro. 1735 91-tth *v**nn«, .V. (.cthbridge.
Letbbridg* Contort**.. Prink Barringtiaja, Coilhurat, Alu,
Iff.. Mapla Ut! , T. 0. Marries, Paaatrart. Alu.
131   WklKl H n«*r, JlkkH, a C,
lit  PifAarr TO. HsrrtM, Passburg, Alt*.
Reysl Vlow jOm. Ionian, Itoya! CollJerlea, Uthbrldre. Alta.
ii$ ftktt,,,,,,.......... A. Fstteriea, Tatar. Alt*
Cfonttttwn, <*imtm#, V*r Ffrtttor, aeuctautw*** CMmete, Attn.
With reference to the British directors of the Company, tho report proceeds:
"Your Committee finds no evidence
that the British director*' made themselves individually parties to any overt
act ■which would expose them to a
charge under the Slave Trado Acts.
But they cannot absolve them from
the charge or culpable negligence as
to the labor conditions that prevailed
under their.Company.   They had Inherited a system ot doing business, of
the real nature of which they were
confessedly Ignorant   It was worked
by agents of whom they knew nothing.
They wrote to th© Foreign Office that
•tho ©oard have tf ken and will con-*
tlnue to take all the steps open to
them to ensure that the Company's
business In the Putumayo district shall
be carried on in a proper manner, and
with all possible consideration towards
the natives.'   And Senor Arana In a
letter to the shareholders, sent by the
Company to the Foreign Office, declared that 'the greatest care is taken
in the selection of tbe agents and employees of tho Company In these re-
moto regions.'   No care at all was
taken, and the employees were, ln
fact, a gang ot ruffians and murderers
who shot apparently from sheer lust
of blood, or burnt, tortured, and violated In a spirit ot wanton devilry."
T-he attitude of these directors, their
insolent disregard for tbe condition of
tbb workers wbo showered them with
blood-stained gold, their total lack of
thought for everything but unearned
profits, 4s wall Illustrated by tba following passage:
"A photograph of the wild, naked
forest Indians whom tbey employed
bum on the walls of thoir Board room,
and there waa a list hanging In tba
room of tbo Indiana, working in tha
setttont. But no discussion ever took
place at 'Board meetings about the
labor question or tbe treatment of
labor. iMr, Read (one of tha direct-
on) auted that 'It never crossed his
mind to Inquire into the treatment of
the Indians at ail.' Asked If he had
aatisfled himself that the average
price was being paid to natives In
other parts of the world, he replied:
'It never occured to me to ask at all.
I suppose tbey knew their own business and ways, and they tried to get
the thing done as cheaply as possible,*"
•Although the CommHioo thai finds
the Urltlsli directors guilty of culpa-
hltf negllganct. It seems very doubtful
ir tliey will »v.«r un4«>rgo any punishment. Undbr British Taw. Anna. If
h<> wore undor tho Jurisdiction of tbo
courts as n British subject, could be
j Indicted for a varlfty of grave offenc-
i ••, »u«'h as tho common-law rrlmos of
I murder, maim, etc., and the statutory
i3{f0ti<.'«« of vlavo-tradtng and holding ..
persona as slaves In foreign countries. «i
**"' 'A...  ll.'.'.'.A.. »<i..«itM<irWtt««*i'||
Im! In -utinwlor ttint  li no-nlti tint  \n
estimates the decrease of the Indians
at five per cent per annum. Before
the rifle, whiskey and syphilis of Peruvian "civilization," the primitive
tribes,of the Upper Amazon wither,
decay and disappear, Twenty or thirty years more, and they will have vanished from the soil,
"Moreover,"  continues  the  report,
"there Ib an Increasing tendency for
tropical regions t'o .be developed by
absentee   and   International   capital
through the use of colored or native
labor.  There have been sufficient Instances in different quarters of tho
world to show that under such circumstances abuses are liable to occur.
Away from the influence of civilized
opinion men revert and throw back
to lower standards that have been left
behind elsewhere.   It is one disquieting feature of the Peruvian Amazon
Company that symptoms appear in
practice of acquiescence In, or assimilation to, conceptions and practices
which cannot be defended.  The economic waste of Ill-treating, and perhaps
exterminating,  the native labor by
which alone such regions can be developed, is, from the commercial standpoint, shortsighted enough.   But that
consideration by lts«lf cannot, tt appears, be relied on to provide the
remedy, and it would seem that your
Committee have been directed to consider whether any strengthening of
tho law Is required to provide additional ■safeguards in view of the facts
and tendencies above referred to."
Tbe final conclusion of tbe Committee is that so far as British companies
are concerned the present law Is adequate. It recommends, however, the
consolidation and extension of tbe existing law as to slave-dealing by •British subjects and using persons as
slaves In foreign countries.
This, It may be said, at best facilitates the punishment of crime after It
has bean detected. What Is wanted
most Is a means of preventing It and
of bringing It to light. With this In
mind, tbe Committee recommends
"that British companies employing
colored labor In foreign countries
should notify thn Commercial Department of the Foreign Office and the
Consul In whose territory they propose
to operate that auch lottor is employed by them and any pro*j>ectui Issued
by thom should be similarly forwarded."
These r-MommondailoiiK are excellent The Committee went as far as
It had power to, and thei-e Is no dotidi
that Its rt* ommandattotm, If enacted
Into law, will do much to deter ttlntDiir
profit-seek* r* (rom totally Ignoring the
conditions or ihelr colored worker* In
foreign coiinirlt'H,
But the ri-rommendatlons of the
Commltteo   an   carry   welalit   otvly
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Steam Heated Throughout
\ Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
companies or Irtish
.,, . ,**....* *  I       T-l        '       .       -
82 Orientals were working In the mjnej __JOHN_PODll_ELAKCIKv-Erop.^—
certificates, or some one is telling fibs.
Later reports to hand still upon these
matters state for November, 1913, that
402 Orientals were employed underground at Cumberland and tbat 113 •
■were employed above ground, making I
a total of 515;   These figures show a
decrease In the numbers working underground between May. 1913, and No-
vem-bero'f 30, and still a discrepancy
shows   Itself of 62  working  underground and not. accounted for as having certificates.   Of course it would
be easy to make these statements har-
monsle If they were submitted to the
astute compilers of the same.   However, lt ls necessary after all in such
simple statements made apparently to
fool tbe public that some can be excused, or the truth will leak out.  It ls
the function of these parties to befool
public understanding in order to protect their Interest, and, of course, it
means that tn such cases the lie is
as useful as the truth.   It Is most
strange that the perpetuation of the
present form of society should depend
upon fraud and dishonesty for its existence; yet, alas, it ls true.   How-
oyer, education is accomplishing Its
work upon tho toller, and making him
capable of understanding such things.
It would not be practical for the
government to allow Its representatives to render an Impartial and correct statement of matters In such a
connection, because If this was done
the advanuge, in nine cases out of
•ten, would be with the worker, and,
of courso, no government could long
exist if they adopted this attitude, for
tbe masters' associations, consisting
of the coal owners, railroad magnates,
and propertied combines would call a
halt and tho party In power would
have to obey auch mandate.   This is
fhe true ponltWn of labor tho world
over, as It stands associated with gov-1
ernments of the day.  It U the private !
ownership of the world's wealth to- •
day, bald by the few, thai dictates the
policy ot tbe party In power;  thut
decides the condition In society of the -
worker, and that ls responsible for
the monstrous poverty that stalks thn
eamh.  The worker could scarcely ask
for r less thing from Ills employer
than thnt {!rcroRiiltion of his union,
and yet to lie recognised lie must be
compelled to suffer i.rlvMloiuiiul.muii
In ord*r to wrtit from hi* wnployer a
nit'HWirt ot rei'osiiitlon.   If the peo- ■■
pie are h.ilf nn .nntiim* lo "V*l Ihr •.».! .
disquietude i>»n*eqiierM upon Hie unf-
fcrlriR  through   which  Inlmr  ims  lu
foree Its way lo «-«lst. it would not I
tiik,* them loiiff to <fo mi, Inil  iiIuk! ',
ll  tnktu all lou luiitt )<> .'»nk*' tin'
■«odn nf main mon.   Tliey nn- I'ontHU
to proceed along an they liuv** nntl
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you Vkui spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Thoso who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
bave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they Bought their lumber
— Dealers in —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.    8PECIALTIE8—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
Opposite G. N. Depot   P.O. Box 22.
Phone 23.
Electric Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Imperial Bank of Canada
CaplUI Autheriiad ..   $10,000,000     Capital Paid Up
Reserve and Undlvld- Total Asaete
od Profits ........      8,100,000
O. n. WiLKlt, fraawam        HON. ROtT JAFPRAY, Vlao#raa.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook* Fernlo, Oelden, Kamloops, Michel.  Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vanaouvar and Vletorh.
foteratt allowed on deposits at current rato from dato of deposit.
OtMrsl Maaager Assistant fleasral
1 hfii'*
where British
tithioct* I***,* i ,     w „„ _.
Pemrlan or mh*r foroltn firm *r«   r»»dy nwrtiM M*fc »,..„<■,.« r
... nwtttM. noi suuj-vti to iirmsb law. t l»lw*« of thp Islnrn-r urn honrd - arli
possible to prove that thoy had such ]n,.jjce, ttumiiiitUm* ol t-«pjiali«i ad-1 <2ay more and more distinctly &* bo
knowledge as Arana toad. The law Is venturers can still rontlnurf fto«*tn«.' «rari«t,,i)j snake* mn ut ii-ii. Ioiik »i«-.-ii
oloar thai British tobjiwit Mtwallr, tariurlna and mutllatm* helpless na- j 0f lndlff«renro. and one. Ih» hss
committing aueh offences abroad. Wives, so loan as tlu-y form tb»m§<»lv#s #h„\,p}, },\mn..\t froo from hi* »lur.ii« r
•ItlUT personally or as accessories, | \n\0 othor than lirltuii r<>iMiMMl«-*».
CAPITAL, 015,000,000        REST, $12,800,000
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce enable tho traveller t«
provide himself with funds without delay at each point of his journoy in
a convenient yet inexpensive mamter. They art iaauod payablo in ovory
country in the world in denominations of
$10,  $20,  $50, $100,  $200
with tho exact equivalent in the moneys ofthe principal countries aUted
on tha face of each cheque.   Tliey are economical, absolutely aafo aalf.
Identifying' and easily negotiated, a.i
•■   t. A. R. tiartr   m««-*9*> t-r«»!»r t:w>nz..
could  wi  prot-x-oi-Mt   In   th*  ttrt-M»»»' *r>
*s, «   »»*;■>»«•*.
Experimental flrlna l»'<> the balllt-
wim* ****■*■ • man eannot bn an ar-
reesorr wit boot having knowledge. It
Is on this ground alone that the British directors esfajie all but moral rendu re. As tbe Committee point* out.
| their lack of knowledge might have
ibeen dlspell-wi b> Inquiry, but they'-. .. „ ., . ,. ,. .*„„„ ,,„,
idld not choose to Inquire. Hofore the *™» «»>li» "I'"'""1 "> ""' rir!"* r,r*'
; CottHroltw*, »\\ ihe Hrtmlj directors j brought lo |il»j their som-M'T weapons,
j'took the position that they bad no) After ward tli* '■! -"• ?»»•< """• "■"•'"■•■i
rlinv fit ht*ntr1ng nbuuj An: Ulwr conditions, So tnatU'r what Itorrore ae-
rompenied tbe production of tbe rah-
..   .....    ....   .•**>.  Ui» WWIi.     H»* Ul*»
the world's coal. Its Iron, lu »ilv-*>r.
Ite gold; he makes and mannaox tho
mm blue that flies In the air, iho iron
horse than stweds along over ibi-
ship KmproM of Imlln t<«'k place a j land from ocean to ocean, nml ttio u.
I Iio
||   THE     |* A   SS?S*1864
Home Bank « Canada
few days aao In the Knali-h Channel, j
her. thi» directors wer* *a»4er no responsibility, so long aa tbey allowed
\ themselves to be persuaded by Arana
I instead of making their own laoalries!
} IlehliKl the question of the Individ*
'tut iv4Vou>»1*jUU> oi  the Hrltlth (11
on the murk frum « ill»tnno of »ev
eial mllei The effect ■*■»*» m«*t deadly. Tbe Kirtpr«s* of Imii* **» badly j
holed, and as each »l»elt struck herj
she heeled over «o » o<m»hfe- n>l
angle, ibe took fire f»ilu«lnR . Rit.g
i»n»t rinodi the uW iiMwU-i -,»k«w.»»ij
turtle and sank, stem first    TlMiiu. I
gniulc grei hounds that   plotiKh
»en«i- tin *iVi'K 'he a. i il, n*.,,.» i.i.
grain, runs tbe machines that itir«-«li
tho er-ilii .-mil ih:,> or'n-J ii it.:-,, ;.;.i...
he btiiliU otir homed, uukttii-uui luiin
lure to render the home complete, and
hy him the wwM 1* fod. Vet »m,it fill
theie «ro»t oxi»l«ll* h*> I* va|uc»l !«;»*■.
I* paid least, and suffers hoth huoii'-r
%.. 1 lack «( shelter.
Local SIM, Xanalmo, ft C,
"llti* inMltiitlon   wa*  (»r!g|ti«ll>   on;J«l»tii»l!e>l  n
■ssivinn* tiHtik »o iitforil a naf-t- r*-;n.i«sHir) lot Ho
Inun ot wago nar.-itm, hi )ho |i,iit Himy ware i*
carrlwl i»n Imresslnv »olumo nf f,',« -•"*-    '
non«.    Kull t:MMtpoufni Interent pnnl nn ««v»ng«
fount* l»,f ftrif iliiHtir ;i>"l •iri-.c,-ir''u
it < ■*
NINE BRANCH!• IN I V/r\VylN I KSGtntrH Mseage
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager
5   i .1
|ir   *
Our stock is complete in all styles,
^^gf in light and heavy
^f^BS qualities.   In Men's
■SSM and Ladies' we car
ry several different
s^-sKt st.v^e toes and heels.
■aSL-SHiP 'We  fit  any  style
shoe. '-
See our bargains
in Footwear. A few
• specials   that    are
worth considering.
lien's Patent Colt Blucher Shoes, in Inviotus and
Just "Wright makes, liegular $5.50 and $6.00.
Special  ;...  $3.50
Men's Vici Blucher, leather lined, with heavy
double soles.   Jugular $6.00.   Special $4.&i)
Men's Gun Metal Blucher. double soles, neat and
dressy Shoe.   Regular ^6.50.   Special  $5.00
Men's Patent (.'oil Blucher with high military
hoel, very dressy Shoe. Regular $0.00. Hpentil
Ladies' Vici Bludier, dull calf top» and patent
tips.   Regular $4.50.   Special  $3.15
Ladies' Patent Colt, high military hoel, good
roomy last. Regular $4.50 and $5.00. Special $3.50
Ladies' "Matron Shoe," vici kid leather, low flat
heel and broad toes.   Regular $3.50.   Special $2.45
Special values in Boys' Shoes, sizes 3 to 5 only.
Regular $2.75 to $3.25.   Special $1.85, $2.00, $2.25
Children's Shoes at greatly reduced prices, ranging in sizes from 4 to lOU.. Regular prices $1.65
to $2.25.   Special  95c to $1.50
See. our bargain tables. These Shoes are all on
Our extra large well made bib Overalls, full of
pockets, will be on sale at $1.00. AVe very seldom
reduce the price of this line, as we have a big
demand for it af $1.50, but we want this clean-up
week to be a record breaker, so you can have it at
$1.00 pair. These are not the ordinary denim
Overall; they are made from best Stiffel drill,
fast colors and'' guaranteed by us for 30 days'
AVe will devote this Saturday and week following" to cleaning up the
odd lines left from the reason's business. Do you want to make a
big saving on your requirements? Visit our store and see for yourself the money saving opportunities in every department.
Special Attractions in
Our Men's Department
We will make a special feature of Sweater values
for Men and Boys. Fifty lines to choose from,
made in all the best styles shown by the best
Sweater manufacturers. The prices are ridiculously low, but we want to make a clean sweep of all
odd and broken lines, so we expect to make big
per Suit
We are selling our Heavy Natural Wool Fleece
Underwear at $1.00 per suit. This is the lowest
price ever offered on the -heavy weight fleece we
are showing. Tt conies'in natural or grey color.
All sizes 34 to 44 at $1.00 !>er Suit..
JZZx.t*»      ■«"*»>■ "*■
price concessions. The Hues and prices are so
numerous we have not space to give details and
These Suits will be gliown in our Clothing Department. The best imported Tweeds, tailored by
first class tailors, Who guarantee them well made
and shape retaining. These Suits come in Brown.
Grey, Blues and'Greens, single breasted style, all
sizes 34 to.44 chest.
During Clean up Week ......     $ 1OeOO
I    Visit Our Dry Goods Section
1 We have arranged a display of ail odd arid brok-
1 en lines of the most seasonable merchandise, also -
I smallwares of all descriptions.   This will be? the -
1 ,   centre of interest to every woman who enjoys a,
i real bargain.    Be sure to look these lines over:.,
I They are'composed of the following:       ;■
j        Pins Broken lines of Underwea
i  '    Hairpins .Children's Hosiery
I        Invisible Hairpins Remnants
Hooks and Eyes Menders   ," # ,'
Mending Wool Hair Nets
Needles Toques
Thimbles - Wool Hoods
Hose Supporters (Child' Fancy Collars / .
Side Combs Stationery .   <
Back Combs Brushes ahd Combs ,
Hose Supporters (Ladies') .
Robin Hood Porridge Oats ..... 51b. carton .25
Bulk Cocoanut per lb. .25
Robertson Blline Fancy Cream Chocolates
per lb. .35 -
Canada First Milk, family size ... per dozen 1.15
Big 4 Coffee, fresh ground .......... 2 lbs. .75
I        Lombard Plums, 2 lb. tins ..;  2 for .25
I       Peaches, 2 lb. tins 2 for .35.
P       Puritan Seeded Raisins, 12 oz. packets, 3 for .25
i        Dates 1 lb. packet :10
P        Cooking Figs , ...3 lbs. .25
f        Oranges, per dozen ,!.. .25 to .50
I        Oranges per half ease 2.00
|       Finnan Haddie 2 lbs. .25
I       Robin Hood Flour 98 lb. sack 3.15
i       Crosse & Blackwell's Jam 4 lb. tins .65
p        Swift's Pure Lard 5 lb. pails .85
I   "    Smoked Shoulder per lb. .16
I        Roller Shoulder ....' per lb. .20
I        Heavy Bacon per lb. .22
I        Sugar House Molasses  3 lb. tin .15
1       Sugar Drop Golden Syrup  5 lb. tin .35
• Simcoe Baked Beans, 3 lb. tins 2 for .25
Siam Rice   9. lbs. -.50
Swift's White Laundry Soap 7 bars .25
Swift's Witch nazel Soap per box .20
Assorted Toilet Soap 8 bars .25
Turnips ...;  18 lbs. .25
Reacting Washing Machines each 7.50
('opper Bottom Boilers each 1.75
Mazda Electric Lamps, 15, 25 and 40 c.p.
. 2 for .85
Money Sav-
ing Prices
The Corporation of the
City of Fernie
BY-LA W No. 143
A By-Law to raise the sum of Five
thousand dollars ($5,000.00) for the
purpose of erecting a Storehouse in
thexCity of Fernie. which said Storehouse is required for Municipal pur-
WHHHHA8 a petition has been pre-
sen ted to the Municipal Council of the
Corporation of the City ot Fernie,
stoned by the owners of at least one*
tenth of the value of the real property
in the Municipality of tho City of Fornle. as shown by the last revised assessment roll, requesting them to In-
' traduce such a By-Law;
AND WHHRKA8 for the purpose
aforesaid it wiil be necessary to borrow the sura of Fire thousand dollars
(15.000.00) and to lasue debentures of
the City of Fernie for the purpose of
raising the aald sum;
AND WHBIU9AH the amount of the
whole rateable land and Improvements
tnd real property tn tbe tatd city of
Pernl*. necordlnn to th* turn revised
assessment roil, ts Two million, one!
hundred and sixty-nine thousand, three j
hundrud and iilmajoKc dollar*, <|2,-
ANT) WIIBIIKA8 It will be requisite
So raise itnnu»n? by rati» tln» *um nf!
H«>v*n hundred and slsteen dollars and j
forty-flii1 cents <7l-8.l*i) for pitying Uio
said d*bt nnd Interest;
ANI) W11MRKAS this lly-Uw shall
not bi> alti mil or repealed wept with
th* con*«nt of th*1 l«l*tt««,nnnt»tloTerti-
NOW THKI1EF-O.HK lb* Municipal
Council of tb* Corporation of tho City
ht Pernl*. Ik *WiH! scw-mbl-Hl, *n-
arts as follows;—
1 ll shall and m»* h*- Uftfvti far
tb# Mayor of the Corporation of th*
Wtjr of l-Vroi* to borrow tttton the
credit of thr> tnld <*orp«ir»tloff. by wny
of dehentnr** hereinafter m«tnion«d
from any person, perwons, body or
*,nA*ittt ttinrtinrm.-r* *mhf, mn* b* wllMnff
flee of the Home Dank of Canada, In
Fernie aforesaid, or at the office of
the National Park Bank. New York
City, United Btates ot America, which
said places of payment shall be designated liy the said debentures* and
shall have attached to them coupons
for tbe payment ot Interest and the
signatures to the Interest coupons
may be either written, stamped, print,
ed or lithographed.
4. The said debentures shall bear
Interest at the rate of Six per cent
(6 p.c.) per annum Iron Uie date
thereof, which Interest shall be payable annually at tbe aald office ot the
Home Bank of Canada. In Fernie aforesaid, 'or at the aald office of tbe National Park Bank, New York City.
United States of America, In lawful
money, on the twenty-first day of January, respectively tn eaeb year, during
the currency of the said debentures,
and tt shall be expressed In aald debentures and coupons to be so pa) abb.
ft. it ahali and may •** kwiul I.t
the Mayor of the said Corporation to
negotiate and #*11 tho «aid d#b*nt*nr*<.
or any of them, at less than par. but
In no case shall the said debentures,
or any of them. b« negotiated or sold
for less than ninety per centum *M
p,c> of their value, Including the *©«
of negotiating their sale, brokerage,
and all oth-t r incidental expenses,
«. Tlw* shall bt* raiwd and levle.1
In wirli your during tbe citriwncy of
! wid d*b*mt.ir*s the sum of Three
i hundred •iollarn <|.W«.fto> for payment
j of lnt*r**t. and the sum of Four xtn.
] dred and sixteen dollars snd forty-five
it-will* itM,,«, tm Ha |*j»»taj oH »',!
and cited for all purposes as the Municipal Storehouse By-Law, 1913.
Done and passed in open Council on
the Twenty-ninth day ot December, A,
D. 1913.
TAKE NOTICE that the above is a
true copy of the proposed By-Law up
ou which the vote of tbe Municipality
will be taken at the Council Chamber,
Oity Hall, Fernie, Thursday, January
15tb, 1914, between the hours ot Ten
o'clock a.m. and Bight o'clock p.m.
Fernie, B. C, December 30th, 1913.
City Clerk.
Corporation ofthe City of Fernie
PUBLIC NOTICE U hereby given
to ibe electors of tbe Municipality bt
Fernie, and Fernie School District,
that I require the presence of the said
electors at tbe Council Chamber, City
Hall, Fernie. on tba 12tb day of January, 1914, at twelve o'clock noon
(Coast time), one o'clock p.m. <local
time) for the purpose of electlug persons to represent tbem In the Municipal Council as Mayor and Aldermen
and in the School Board aa School
The mode of nomination of candidates aball be •■ follows:—
Tbe candidates shall be nominated
in writing; the writing shall be subscribed by two voters of tbe Municipality as proposer and seconder, and
aball be delivered to me at any time
between the date of the notice and
two p.m. (Coast timet, three p.m. (local time) of the day of nomination;
the said writing may W in th* form (
numbered S In the Schedule of this
Act (Municipal Elections Act), and.
shall state th* names, residence and
occupation or description of each per-'
son proposed. In such manner ns #ut* ]
ficlently to Identify such candidate;
ceding the day of nomination been the
registered owner, In tbe Land Registry Office, of land or real property tn
tbe City of the assessed value, on tbe
last Municipal assessment roll, of one
thousand dollars or more over and
above any registered judgment or
chaw, und 'Who Is otherwise duly
qualified as a Municipal voter.
Qualification fer Alderman
Any person who le a male British
subject of tbe full nge ot twenty-one
year*,.not disqualified under any law,
and haa for tbe sli months next preceding the day ot nomination been tbe
registered owner. In tbe Und Registry
Office, of land or real property In tbe
City ot tbe atseseed value, on tbe last
Municipal assessment roll, of five bun-
dred dollars or more over end above
any registered Judgment or charge,
moi who Ut oili«r«l»c dnl; qttftUfM
nh a Municipal voter.
Qualification fer School Trustee
Any person wbo te a British subject of tbe full age of twenty-one years
nnd having bwn for tbe six months
unit preceding the date of nomination
th* registered owwr, lu the Und
Registry Office, of land or real proper
To the Electors of the City of Fernie
Ladies and Gentlemen:
Permit mc to thank you for paat favors in elect*
ing met on your Council as Alderman, and to
earnestly solicit your support for Mayor at the
forthcoming election.
W.J.J. Morrison
vatlon; splendid water spring; soil,
black clay loam; school same section; post office 2ft miles; 8 miles
from town. Cheap, all oaab or $800
down, balance to rait purchaser.
Would like to go Bait Address:
A. B. Pennington. Plneher Creek,
Alberta. 130
cook. Apply Mrs. "Corsan, Oity,  131
Camp. Coal Creek, cheep. Apply
Wm Davidson, Welsb Camp.      133
Office: Above Slaaedeil't Drag Store
Phone 181
Residence: 2t Victoria Avenue
PCRNIt -      •      ft. C.
A pipe bead hat been organised In
fhe cHy tbe but week and are desirous of securing beginners, who may
see either ot the following officers:
A. D. Carrie, manager, or Alex. Mc-
Cord, pipe major. This organisation
Is to be known as tbe Fernie Highland
Bagpipe Band.
ClKSlIM Adl-CMt I Wiril
SNAP—ISO Acres Farm la famous
Pincher Creek district with good
cash market tor everything. New
house, nam, granary, all fenced and
croee-feneed; Id acres wider cnttl-
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, eta.
Offices: tekctein Selldlag.
Pernio. BX.
P.O. Lawe Alen. U Ptebet
.    Pemie, B.C.
tW. '.•nt.itref. by rat* sefftet*«t tb#r#?»r |
on ail rateable land and imi»r«*»*in«ui» \
and r*el property, in tb« wid Munlr- j
pallty. 1
7. It shall and may be lawful tori
tli* mi4 Mw»ilfltui.l t'owMll t* repur-1
chas* any of the aald debentures on I
and ln the *v*nt of a poll being n*- i ty In the Fernie School lltttrlet of the
cessary such jmll will be opened on assessed value, on tbe laat Municipal
„ tne 15th day of January, l»M. nt th*-; assessment roll, of five hundred dot*
? Council Chamber. City Hall. Fern)*, of - lar* or more over and above aay re*
which every |wr»on !• hereby r^inlrH i gistered Judgment or charge, and bete take notice and govern himself ac i Ing otherwise qualified to vote at sn
eordlngly. t election of School Trnsie*s In tbe Fer-
QuaMicatien fer Meyer 1 r..*- HtJ.^1 IHitrkt.
Any pi r*or* who Is a mat* BriUib'    niven wn<t#r my hand at Fernie. tbls
2nd day ot January, Mt.
Returning Officer
•object of the full age of twenty-one
yeart. not disqualified end*r any lew,
and has fer the eix mwitba «**t pre-
t« advanw the «•»« as a loan, a sum ( aecB tetwa as may
tw •*<«•«) tit**)
not «seee**-u*>n use •*»*•» nuu uv . .,• ,
tbowaad dollar* t$»jt*tn.Mt, aud t«. at the time *of **»1*, or any tubf-frfuent ]
-teesw ell ••«* «s«fc« *» ratswdl or r*>-' time or times, end all debentures so j
eel-red to be paid lato tbe bands of] repurchased shall forthwith be can*
tb* Treasurer of th* aald Corporation j celled and deetroyed, and no re-taeee
."■#. ,.'.*. »•*;»;;; .:*'"' ",*",, ,*"> "*'**•**' «* ♦*»* «!*b*»*twf*» m r*i»r»»M»»#4 ehell
htreinbefore iteUed. I be wide in consequent* or ram n*
1   ft shall and may be lawfal for | perchas*
th* Mayor to cease any number of     9.  Th* foUowier Ry-f^ws sre here.
d«bentures to Im» made, ei**nt*d or i by r*p*»»*d, #ff**ttr* en and after th*
lateed, eeeb for tbe aam of One thou ; date upon wb!cb this ItrlMW shall
•and dollars tti/mMt at may b* r*- S f»»e tato fore* and take effect:—
■ ;*t'r,'if   fr***  flu**   pnrpon*  itnif   obt**»
To the Citizens of
Fer nie
'-" |i
(a)   ftyl^w S'umber ttt, beingfJ
th* City  of Fi-nisc «u;»ret»o«#* W>-  .
f*w. tail t»««M m the THlfhWh||
aforesaid, not e«t**dina. how*ter. tb«
&»*.■*» a* iWf** T^*r»-»)-**-nd dntVars (tl.-
inniMfi), mfl *T| mKb deb*T>1«r#« $h*'A
he sealed with tb* eeal of tb* C«rp«r-
atkiK at,A *3«-Md by the Mayor ml
«'tty Cterk lb*ieof.
1, Tito said debentures shall bear
dat* from the Twratj Aral Aay ef I**.-
oa;-4. A- n  T?!f, nn»f •*»« be me***
peyeMe »n tea tt*i years. Irom tb* 'first ttf of Hmiry. \ it ttit
satd dat*. tr, lawfal money, at tb* nf-     to.  fhtt I-ty.Ui*   ■»•«♦ ***
i!»v ol Wi*y. A  i»   i*,t
(ht lly-t^w %mmh*T !2*. be*iaa
th* Htr •"? Fm!* »>,or*bmm
rXm*T<Am*ri Itv-f.aw, !•»!» passed est
tb* PHwt d*f ttl M*v A. I». l»tl
**. Tht* tt.f tjn-9- «*mli r«m# lata
't,r<9. and tak* *ff*ct tm th* Tw*aty-
eiUanu, I offer rayteU ss s candidaU fer rs-alat-
tfon at Mftfnr A fmWie mNMBf win bf «Dad te
dkcasi nnokifw) issuss. T«i wfflsll bfta poe»«
sityD -di ftaajtctal statwmtBt lot lha yam 1013 before
J. L. Gates
On Saturday, Mttinte ind Evening, i vNd itofy ofthe Frtnch
Tba story of the moat faaaU«U tat Smmms of th* l^sMleaa tm$m al the Pirtaeh Ree^MlM
I    *   l  k *> -W W*      ,  i   ikn •**  ■■*•    I
tmrss mac*
The berote s«r»ggl* of the .aeaie tn hraek Baglta* fhh* g««*l«elly pmtrayed
i.ia-i,i.i*ii;i*ii,»|ja:M|l!:wu»MittiU!i!H..'.ft awjiii1,1.


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