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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1914-02-14

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 .■p*lf*S-^55*"Kl**<SSS^
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Industrial Unity L      "<y.
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The Official Organ of District No. 18, TJ. M. W. of A.
tt^tt
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Political Unity is Victory
No. 25, Vol. Vn.
»*
'*,
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
$1.00 A YEAR
Hosmer B. pfT.
Seek Publicity
GLADSTONE LOCAL
There will be a meeting of the Management Committee in the secretary's
office on Sunday afternoon, at 2.30
sharp.
T. UPHILL, Secretary.
.The publicity  commissioner, must
have -escaped from Calgary, where he
"has left a tow brigades of what the
press terms I. W. W.'s to join General Coxey's new army, which, is due
- to march in -May, and has unfolded- his
mantle i'or a tow minutes In Hosmor.
Well tell you how it hap-pened, IMr.
Editor and readers. A few -men who
go under the term of 'business men,
having amassed considerable dough
by. supipQying the natives of this burg
■with raiment, grub and booze, deciding -that our natural resources; not
known to any one -but we natives
needed development and that as there
is an abundance bf capital around
some place (never mind the stringency) whioh is only needing an enticing
chunk of bait -for them to bite, the one
•thing necessary was.a newspaper! To
cut out the frills,' here's the publicity,
Messrs. Kendall and Mills, chased
around and notified a few -representative citizens that a public meeting
was to be held in the Pacific -sample
room for the -purpose pf establishing
a newspaper in Hosmer. The date of
the meeting was Feb. 6th; time, 8 p.
m. She opened up,with a slim attendance, aimon-geft .those present 'being Messrs. Kendall, Mills, Willey,
Wiley, R-obeon, Marlatt, Rankin, Lux-
ton, -Bennett, Bossio, Sorkie, Boassal-
ly, Balderstone -and a M-r.' Nicholson
from Saskatchewan. Tom Cole acted
as outside guard on the Inside. 'Mr.
Willey thought our regular chairman
'should take the chair, but Billy
thought It 'was a regular Board of
Trade meeting, so Mr. Kendall took
the chair and initroduced the star artist, Mt. Nicholson, who explained his
.mission. He had been corresponding
with the Board- of Trade regarding
starting a paper 1n Hosmer and had
been advlse-d to make un inspection—
this was part of the inspection. He
then called Bill Robson, iwho, he said,
understood the whole situation, |to
make a few remarks. Bill looked surprised, he "allu9 doep," at being asked to butt in. "NBilly" told the meeting
If the merchants wanted a paper they
would have to pay for it and that
.would cost them $250 a month before
• a paper could honor theftown, and as
far as he was concerned he insinuated
he dl-dji't give a continental "d "
if tliey had one or not (You shouldn't
be so blunt, Billy.) The chairman
then requested Mr. Nicholson -to out- _       _
Jjng_Wg_i-*J*^-gI__fla_g©±_en.^g^jnd***1,t^
made plain to him tbat the Union men
of this town, like the other Pass
towns, paid tor and supported the
Ledger and -couldn't be expected to
support a new concern that was liable
to 'be detrimental to their interests.
Mr. Nichbleon .then abandoned the
field, declaring he -wouldn't come anyhow-, at which point the meeting adjourned.
'When the atmosphere got some
heated wi-th the rampant slush about
a newspaper in Hosmer, a, certain
'member of the Board of Trade explosively remarked "What news do we
get in the Ledger?" 'We don't -get any
news at all right here, and now. yoyr
humble scribe wishes to apologize. We
suspected there was a nervous streak
in us eome place, but from now on
.we will be good and report, ail that
comes along, especially. Board of
/Trade news. We have ibeen asked
•by some citizens, "Why didn't we report a meeting -some some time ago
when the divine end of our community
got at loggerheads with the sexton,
which, to suit our present spell, we
will term the strenuous end-, and it ajl
happened about a crossing which Jim
Hill, highly moral man that he is (God
bless him), couldn't see his way clear
to make. We don't want to digress
about the multitudinous virtues of the
aforesaid James, so will briefly describe said meeting and tell tihe truth
and nothing but the truth so .
The meeting was called to order, the
minutes,read, the quoram had been
hustled from the -by-ways, and when
the chairman called the meeting to
order he had-a oomical-looking grin
on him.' Believe -me. he's some comedian. 'When he called for new business a "gentleman who runs a cam-
vansery on iMain Street made a motion that we, the Board of Trade; petition the G. N. Railway Co. to construct a crossing at some point in
front or behind, or anywhere contiguous fo, the depot The motion was
seconded. When the Rev. Davis
wanted to know was it to reach tfhe
freight shed or the 'platform and philandered on generally, there was a
suppressed guffaw at this from some
of the -members who .were "hep." The
Rev, Green lie ibufcted in and wanted
to know definitely where the crossing
could be best located and how it
would help, the anerefliants with their
heavy shipments via Jim Hill.   Jlere
THE   REBEKAH   SOCIAL
Don't forget the Rebekah box social
on Tuesday next. Mr. J. Lundde will
act as auctioneer and a good time is
■promised to all those who attend.
■The Ancient Order of Foresters announce that they will hold another
social, wliich will take ailace on Monday, the 23rd of February next. There
will be the usual program of artistic
talent and refreshments.
Young Maxwell, who recently went
•twenty rounds with Charles Lucca at,
Rossland, is back again, and will box
ten three-minute rounds with Frank
McCormack, at the Hosmer Athletic
Club, on Saturday, February 21st next.
There Is every possibility of this return match ibeing both fast and interesting, while the price is within the
reach of all, being $1. Both contestants are in the pink 'of condition, and
as the main bout will be preceded by
three preliminaries, you should get
your money's worth.
GLADSTONE LOCAL
SICK BENEFITS
Members of Gladstone Local Union
are requested to carry out Article 9
of the Sick Fund By-laws, which reads
as follows: "Members taken sick or
being injured shall report same or
cause same to be reported to the Local Union Secretary not later than
one week after such sickness or injury. tN'o benefits shall be issued unless this, rule is complied with."
T. UPHILL, Secretary.
FATALITY AT
HOSMER MINES
Another disastrous fatality occurred
in B level mine on Tuesday last about j
noon, a cavd of coal in 7 breast 5
chute, thoughito have been causspd by
concussion from a shot in the neighborhood, causing the death of a miner
named Mike Knizatsky, evidently suffocated. Artificial respiration and respiration by the use of a pulmotor
was tried without avail. The backhand, who had been sent by Uie miner
to load coal out of the chute, also had
a narrow escape, the sudden fall of
the coal bursting the chute and all
but burying him, the small dump car
he was using proving a sufficient barrier to protect him. He was, however, in a precarious position for an
hour or two until released- by a party
'of .willing rescuers. The unfortunate
victim Kniaatsky was a married man
and leaves a. wife and three small
children to mourn his doss. *r-ne
youngest child ls only two months old.
He was a member of the Local and
the Slavonic society, under whose
auspices he was buried on Thursday
afternoon, the Fernie Italian band
leading the cortege, followed by a
large number of his .fellow workers.
The scene* of the accident was visited
by the mine inspector, T. Williams, E.
H. Wilkes, district coroner, and the
pit committee. The following jury
were summoned to attend the Inquiry,
which is to take place on Tuesday at
10 ajm.: T. Cole (foreman), E. Oulton,
J. Emond, E. Harper, E. Cox and B.
Klernan.
The annual meeting of the Conservative Association will be held on
Friday evening, February 19th, in Ingram's Hall.
lege and Informed the meeting that
what Robbie had stated was correct
He then briefly outlined the advantage
a: -paper, would ibe -to the town and
how -the natural resources, etc., etc..
and how the Board of Trade with the
people -behind them all working together would make another Saskatoonv
,And bow-TTTTPauBe here; there came
a sudden frost' Mr. Balderstone actually had the gall to. interrupt the
speaker by saying that all his elaborate statements about resources were
mere bunk! and thet the merchants
were aot the backbone of the town
and rudely and cruelly told the meeting that the workers were the real
backbone of the town from wham the
merchant got hia bread and butter.
Here the chairman Jumped up and
excitedly, asked Mr. Balderstone who
he represented. Balderstone thereupon aaked if It iwas not a public meeting. The chairman admitted the corn
and -BIMy proceeded to get out hia
goods, iHe wae then asked if he represented the Union or District Ledger. (He replied they had his number
O. K. Here the chairman found the
pressure too atrong and declared IMr.
Nicholeon had been grossly Insulted.
(Poor fellow; wonder if it hurt) Tbe
passage of word* now grew last aad
furious, Nicholson declaring he had
just cecaped from the slave class and
now -waa a capitalist, or at least he
still had to work. However, he had
to admit that he hadn't (been fully Informed, he didn't know the District
Ledger catered to Hoemer. He
thought it was a Fernie paper. It waa
away and indulged ina prolonged con
certa. in which the secretary even
let hie classic features relax and
joined in. Just then the patriarch of
the assembly got the floor. There are
a few people who indulge In remarks
about him whioh are the opposite of
felicitous and all because the afOre-
■mentloned gent, is in the confidence of
Sir Richard JMoBride-^and fTommy
Tavlcrr. But we oan «ay this, John
calls a spade a spade.. He is used to
the, shovel as befits a man of bis position and (be couldn't help but be admired aa he gave vent to a long
na w, which there .is no punctuation mark ln the English language
long enough to explain. It showed
at once en unutterable contempt for
anyone who could he so stupidly ignorant of Just why a crossing was
needed. "Why/everyone knows-wliatjt
Is for." quoth he: "It's for people to
get to tihe houses over the line." Here
the representative of the Church
Evangelical threw a fit, but the parson remained ipasalve. The discussion
then grew spirited and one member
thought the matter should lay over
until next meeting, but the motion's
proposer called for ayes and the noes
and. by Jinks, he got 'em. Alaal however Jim Hill so far hasn't responded
ahd tbe interested parties are wanting
to know why the secretary -can get
voluminous correspondence about a
newspaper and can't awake Jim Hill
from hit lethargy. Walling that Charley the Jap <would put the crossing In
at his own expense If Jim Hill would
only let him,
CITY POLICE COURT
Last Monday and Tuesday the local
caliph was engaged in hearing a ipar-
tleularly unsavory case arising out ot
an assault, and two of Fernie's legal
luminaries were engaged for defence
and prosecution. We have no intention of besmirching the fair name of
Fernie by publishing details, but will
content ourselves with stating that
the magistrate showed commendable
wisdom in, after a few chastening remarks, dismissing the case. This, in
our opinion, was the only possible
course he could_puraue. '
The Ladies' Aid of the Methodist
Church will hold a sale of home cooking in the school room of the Church
on Saturday, February 21st,
IN  MEMORIAM
In loving memory 'of Arthur Cart-
lidge, who died in Calgary, on February 9th, 1912.
By his loving mother, brothers and
sisters.
John Walker on the
Calumet Strike
TO THE QUERIST
Recently we published briefly particulars of an assault which occurred
on the Coal Creek train and during
the course of the week, ln our absence, we hear some one was anxiously inquiring where we obtained our
information. For the benefit of the
enquirer we would state that tbe police records provided this.
WAR!    WAR!    WAR!
THE CITY POLICE COURT
William Garrett- will serve a sentence of twelve months' hard labor at
Xelson for theft.
George Turney was let out on suspended sentence for twelve mouths.
The charge was theft of chickens.
R. Dunlap's appeal against'the magistrate's sentence of six months' hard
labor for resisting police will be heard
today (Friday).
The city bastile does not seem to
be very popular, and far from attracting "crowded houses," ls now practically empty, the only inmates being
the cook and two or three prisoners
awaiting transportation to Nelson.
This haa necessitated the city calling
upon the tradesmen to clean the snow
from their sidewalks, and during the
past week members of the various
business establishments were to be
seen clearing the sidewalk in front
of their premises. We won't suggest
that they were qualified for an apprenticeship with the chain gang, as
their movements were a little livelier
than that aggregation.
HOCKEY
The second act ln the burlesques,
Crow's Nest Trading Company vs.
Trites-Wood Company, was staged on
Tuesday evening in the Fernie rink.
This match, it is stated., was played
to decide as to who should provide the
much-talked-of banquet or peanut
feed. It is only fair to say that both
teams showed much improvement upon the last occasion, and while there
was plenty of mixing, the game Tnight
be called fairly clean.
The game was scheduled to take
place at ten o'clock sharp, but after
about thirty minutes' delay, due to
several of the players having previous
engagements, the game was got under
way. T. Pascall, of the Fernie seniors, handled the game in a very efficient manner, being absolutely fair
and above board in all his decisions.
The game was fast and furious from
-the-word-gOf-and-afier-ihree-ml Bikes-
of playing the Trites-Wood team scored the first goal and kept on going
until the final score read six goals to
three in their favor.
The game itself was a credit to both
teams, although one or two of the
players allowed their tempers to get
the better of "them, with the result
thatr'UMdli^B^Ot • tbe TritesAVood
team, got laid out Apart from this
little incident the game was contested in an excellent spirit.
We congratulate the winners, and
sympathize .with the losers, and hope
to get an invitation to that feed-
when it comes off.
A service of song will be -rendered
In the Salvation Army citadel, Thursday Feb. 19th, by the Fernie S. A.
Songsters, entitled "Leah of the lumber camp." There will be a variety
of music. Don't fail to be present,
or you will miss a treat. Admission
15c. Commence 8 p.m. P. R. Ratcllffe, songster leader; M. McLean,
captain..
THE MOOSE SOCIAL
All members of the above organization should be on hand on Monday
next to bellow, feed or dance the tango
with their best girl. A first-class concert will precede the fantastic evolutions, and this will be upon the -same
generous scale as the last social Practically the whole of Fernie's vaudeville
and instrumental talent <will be present to entertain the visitors for the
first hour or so. All Loyal /Moose
should secure a ticket for themselves
and their friends. Non-members bringing a lady friend will have to secure
two tickets.
iMr. Chairman and Brother Mine
Workers:—I have taken an interest
in the copper strike from its inception,
and those of you who are familiar with
the .past, records of our convention
•know that I have been interested in
getting the two miners' organizations
together for some considerable -time.
In this particular instance, while acting as an organizer for the United
Mine Workers, President White asked
me to go to the copper country to
render what assistance I could; and
having been up there for something
like ten weeks I am possibly more
familiar wiith that particular situation
than any I have had experience with
that has affected the two organizations. And while I would like very
much to speak on -matters of general
Interest and my own 'personal relations with the organization and its officials, I feel that the importance of
that situation there is such that with
ihe limited time I have to speak, I
should devote myself almost entirely
to that particular question, because
1 don't know of any one thing that
means in the immediate -present as
much in the way 'of progress, if that
struggle is won, and as much in the
way of delay of progress If that struggle ls not won-, than the winning of
that strike in fthe copper country of
Michigan at the proper time.
So that the records may be in a
way complete, as they refer to the controversy there, I will give somewhat
In detail a statement with reference
to it. Forty-two years ago a company
| was organized in (Massachusetts to
buy out the holdings of the smaller
copper* operators in Houghton, Ontonagon and Keweenaw counties that
were operating at that time. They
capitalized them at two and one-half
million dollars, and issued 100,000
shares of stock at a value at that time
of $25 a share. They paid In twelve
and one-half dollars for each share,
amounting In all to $1,250,000. And
they had -made so much money out of
the copper mines when they had
reached that point that they declared
further payments on their stock were
unnecessary,   so  that  they  put  into
THE ORPHEUM THEATRE
FERNIE 8TAR WILL FINI8H
8EA80N AT NEL80N
Want of Confidence vote
Will be moved 6y Place
Socialist   Contends   Qovsmment   le position Is determined to force from
The announcement was made on
Thursday that Jack McQulnn, the star
forward of the Fernie team, would
for the remainder of this season wear
the colors of the Nelson club. Me-
Qulnn's capabilities are well known
to those who saw the Fernie boys ln
action at Nelsonand ha .will add considerable strength to that team,
After some delay, the management
./\£_jWl,-ft —fVpn'll.ailm ./I*liAAt.>*A fn#*ffc-«nw&A ii.a-
V».—-v*rtS—Krl i-rutraur-*-«-u^aLi'U    luavtunv—-via'
that they have secured the Gaumont
talking pictures, and they will be
shown tonight (Friday) and Saturday.
These pictures are, without doubt, the
■last word In the moving picture world,
and the people of Fernie will have an
'opportunity of hearing some of the
greatest comedians and vaudeville artists* of the day. .     - -  "   r.
From hundreds of records and subjects of the world's greatest vaudeville stars was chosen one, the greatest singing comedian, Harry Lauder,'
to head the bill that is to be shown
at the Orpheum, along with other well
known artists. Fernie has not the
good fortune of having this world famous comedian appear before them so
this opportunity Is doubly fortunate,
first ln hearing and seeing the talking
moving pictures, and secondly in being entertained by that inimitable
entertainer, who has appeared many
times before the royalty of the world.
Harry Lauder receives the nifty little
sum of -11,000 per day for his services.
This unusual treat will be offered
as the feature on the program tonight
and Saturday at the Orpheum,
ming" there. The entry cars weigh
1.6S0 pounds. Men had to shovel on
^ji.Average three tons into each of
these cars and -then push the car and
dump it. They pushed it in forty
times a day, two of them, an average
of twenty apiece, to earn an average
of $2.20 each they were i>aid for doing
the work!
-President Moyer said the average
life -of a copper miner in that couatry
is seven years. Tbe average trammer
could not stand it three years until he
was on the scrap heap. The company
owns the houses. What few are not
owned by them are built -l>y miners
on leased ground. They won't sell
any ground. The understanding is
that the men lease the ground as employees of the company, and the minute they cease to be employees the
■company has a right to turn them out,
There are some features of this thing
that are too dirty to describe. I may,
however, give you an indication of
what conditions are. Knowing there
was no power there but the power of
the 'boss himself—and tbey have some
of the worst 'petty tyrants that ever
hnd a human form, some of the lowest most debased beasts ia that capacity that are on tbe top bf this
earth. If you go there they whisper it
about—they don't advertise such
things. But I dont charge all of thein
with doing these things, -but some of
them did. They went so far that
where a man's wife or daughter appealed to one of those things and- that
man would not. agree to have them
submit the man and his family would
be driven out of that country. Those
are the things those men were enduring.
Because of tbe nature of the rock,
that mining ought to be the safest
mining in the world. Instead they
have slaughtered and mangled more
-men in the operation of those mines
than in any other mining industry in
the world. Those are tlie conditions,
and when men. could bear them no
longer they got together and sen! "a
written communication to the representatives of the company. AH they
said  to begin  with  was:   "We have
the ownetehlp of .those mines as a real. some   grievances   that    we   believe
-investment $1,250,000. -should be adjusted and we would ll&e
In that forty-two years on the basis.to, hav» >'ou me^- m ia conference to
of that $1,250,000 investment they have '\a™ them up, give us a hearing and
paid themselves In dividends $121.050,--1 let ***** to settle them." The repre-
000. Their own reports show that in 'aentatlves of the company said: "No.
addition to that they arc paving them-'if >'ou ,wa:nt to ^ >" thl* «ot*r»r
selves $340,000 a year salaries. The ! country you go back to work in those
^y^-^^-j^mini^nejm^w^aUTryouTrar-Ir
uties as presl-j J™, *»*]""? what 5"e SI**11/' *?'
■ ■■ - - ■■    lout!" (And the men decided to dp-the
only thing that was left for them to
do, and that was to quit work, and by
JUDGMENT IN
CULSHAW CASE
Making thamelsss •aeriflet of
Rights of Mlntrt and Welfare of
Publis to Eaigsnelss ef Oroup ef
Financial Adventurers—Resolution
Will be Submitted Tomorrow.
VICTORIA, fob. J.-On Wednesday
Mr. J. Place will more a resolution of
want of oonfldence tn tht government
on account of tht policy of procrsstin-
atlon In dealing with the mine troubles on Vantouvar Island. No doubt
an attempt will be made to rule the
motion out ot ender, as was done when
Wr. Parker William* moved lor nn In-
vtattoUon Into tlio conditions In tbe
coal mining area, bnt It to Tory probable that this tin* the opposition wtH
not be tricked by tbt spoaktr asking
tho bouse to approve his ruling Instead of asking whether the resolution Is In order, but will Insist on th*
mtU-bsrt voting on tbt question of
tho premier and his ministers some
definite expression of opinion in tho
matter ot labor difficulties and should
the steam roller bt applied In this
oaae, as .with IMr. Williams, tht matter
will again toe brought up Indirectly
when the question of supply ls being
argued next weak.
Mr. Place todny asked Hon. W, J,
Dowser bow many tntn wart arrtatsd
In connection with the strike disorders at Extension, LadyamHh, Nahal-
mo, Cuirtberiand nnd South Wellington. Mr, Dowser replied: Extensbn,
fifty arrested, thirty-seven committed
for trial, twelve charges withdrawn
and ont dlsmusasd; Ladysmith. seventy-three arretted, fifty-five committed for trial, twtlvt withdrawn and tli
hoys released on good behavior; Nanaimo, tevautysix arrested, rifty-tlx
committed for trial, slghtesn charges
withdrawn and two charges dismiss-
oA*   Oo**th  Wnl-ttt-i-wtAW    ftontt.o   ti*ont**
Mi>.    W***Hi    mtolMttftn    resdsi led, tan committed for trial and two
Before Martin, Galliher and McPhillips, J.J.a. Culshaw (plaintiff), respondent vs, Crow'* Nest Pass Coal
Co. (defendant) appellant .Master and
Servant, Workmen's Compensation,
Fan Miii. Death from Snowslide, Accident arising out of Employ mont.
''Where u workman Is by reason ot
his employment exposed to tht risk
of injury from snowslides, greater
then that common to people living in
tht same locality or the ordinary normal risk, then tht extra danger to
which tht workman Is exposed Is
something arising out of bis employment and on his death, front a snow-
slide his dependents ara entitled to
compensation,
An "acoidsnt" lt an unlooked-for
nUtbsp, or an untoward event, which
is not axpeotsd or designed." (Fenton
v. Thornley (1SW3) A.G. 403, approved.)
On au application by plaintiff under
the Workmen's Compensation Act for
compensation for ths dtatb of htr bus-
hand In a tnowalid*. Thompson, co. ct
J., dismissed tbt application (4 WAV.
R. IUI) on tbt ground that tbt aoci-
dent was caused by a snowsUde occasioned hy abnormal conditions of waa-
titer. The plaintiff appealed and Murphy. ). (4 W.W.R. 1340) remitted tbt
att.tr.   *S   »Vf_    -*,*,*^»»Hj,li*v   „*1»1,    ..     ■>»,*_     >t    .
to And for the" idaYntttf."' Prim ' this i find
be where he was, and tbat was not
necessary or usual for other not so
employed.
I would dismiss the appeal,
McPhillips, J.a.—Thia ia an appeal
coming before us from  Murphy, J„
who, upon a case submitted by thc
Isoroed arbitrator (Thompsons, co. ct.
J.), held (4 W.W.R. 1340) that even nm,„
with the finding of fact that tbt snow- ""*-
slide at Coal Creek which caused the     n n
death of Joseph Culshaw wss caused
by abnormal conditions ot weather,
the applicants, tbe widow and Intent
daughter of tbe deceased employe**,
being dependants, are entitled to be
allowed compensation under tbe Work-
awn's Compensation Act, 1902, snd tbe
learned Judge remitted the case to tbe
arbitrator to proceed thereon in ac
cordance /witb such decision,
In aii claims for compensation the
question to bt answered must always
the arbitrator's finding* (4 WAVJl.
1337) before us, and we have therein
this language:—
"Was the shelter In which the man
stood and where he had a perfect tight
to be at the time In tho course of hia
employment, so situated that persons
standing therein ran a -peculiar risk
from snowslides? I would hold if the
matter were before me for a final
hearing, that persons within tbe shelter ran no special risk from an ordinary snowslide: and that the aceident
was caused by abnormal weather conditions, and F would therefor* dismiss
tho application following Warner v.
Couchman  and   Mitchtnson   v.   Day
may therefore be assumed, per
haps, that we have sufficient before us
to determine this appeal.
U|ion careful perusal of Warner v,
Couchman (1011) 1 K.». 351, K0 LJ.
K.B. 526, and the decision tn the same
cast in the House of Lords (1912) 81
LJJtn. 45, it will be seen that that
case went wholly upon the fact that
thu man was not specially affected by
the severity or tbt weather by reason
of his employment; and IMurphy. J., In
his Judgment properly <1t»tlngulth«t-*
'Wbtrssst for a period of over sixteen
inoatfet • strike or lockout bss existed
In Um mine* oa Vancouver Island, and
whereas, the said strike or lookout
•withdrawn.
SENTENCES OH
RIOTER! SUSPENDED
hns caused and Is causing greve in
and wberaas, tbe said labor (rouble
has been, and continues to be. the occasion of very large expenditures of
public money, and whereas, the said
'I
ii« .Wm th« tukruwtai inturv onn at '* trom iho facts of this cane, and the
Mjf SwffWtfH TthJ I""*! Judge draw, attention to this
emirse oi tho amofovmentf I important consideration, that tbe l4»ni
^^^n ot^SSJhaa no Jurlsdlc- Chancellor <I*rd Lorcburn) did not
tion to deal with tht frets, tbat Is. it Jg^,^*'*"* *^U,!1,1?*!^
Is not » court of appeal opon ques- •t«1le«n*«J* «K,"•?,to^' **• i*1* 1Ch,n*
tions W fact, hut upU questions af»colter.JILJ.K.II, st u.   «, saying:
law alone l Mtt* tbtt*' ^'"d J»s(W FloU'lit*
It Is to be observed that Murphy, k MpiiMon. who was jiho Judgo In the
h!d, ~ fl^r 1". StefPto i !!fflj^*tti> v%& ssa
what wss Ute fiotnt of view with which
manager getsTHO.TOO
performing nominal duties
dent, vice 'president, members of the
(board of directors and secretary, for
possibly holding two or three meetings a year, those meetings not lasting
over two or three hours, and a clerk
doing the work, the rest of them ^et
something like $200,000 a year. They
have reinvested of their dividends $76.-
000,000, making in aU dividends they
have taken, in addition to paying
themselves the highest wages men
were ever paid for doing nothing,
$195,050,000 on that investment, and
the property today la valued at something like $1,000,000,000. All told, after paying themselves these fabulous
salaries, the mett who own the stock,
on an investment of $1,250,000 own
today $1,195,060,000.
These men who have made all this
wealth, or who own It now, live in
'Brookmte, Massachusetts, a suburb
of Boston, in the finest homes that
money can buy; tbey have never been
in Michigan to see those -mines. The
closest acquaintance the most of them
have with the mines at all has been
with looking at photographs of the
mines ond reading of them In the papers And men who, by their labor,
created nil this wealth, up to the 23rd
day of lam July, were working in those
mines, four bf them over S.0O0 feet
deep. Just Imagine 8,000 feet straight
down, the drlfta 3,000 feet stratght in,
working on the level and lift plan, 200
feet between levels. Sometimes the
men would lie down $.000 feet and In
3,000 feet more and up 200 feet in a
little entry, and the worst of It nil no
pretense made to furnish one single
breath of air at the face of the working place.
Men wtorked ln those places who
only wore a cap and a pair of shoes.
They had to have th* caps on which
to wear their lamps and they had to
havr> th* tho** to protwt th«»lr f#*t
It was so hot that even when they
were sitting down, not working at all.
the sweat streamed from tlwm th<?
same as though they were in the vapor
room of a turkish both. No air, working two shifts, using dynamite and
shooting four times a day. You men
who have swallowed powd*r smoke
understand what It means when you
nre working In a place with no air,
shooting four times a dsy. with tbe
fumes left to die there, and you eating them. Fumes from thoir lamps,
fumes from their brtsth and tbe only
air that found Its *%y wai what
reached th*4re by proc-Mt of natural
ventilation—and you know what limit
that has—and the little air that cam«
from the exhaust* of the drilling machines whan thn) »<-n  -IriP.InK hoWm.
Those own wm* working und*r tn*
conditions I have descrlbm! on an average of clevim hour* a day at the
ful**, driven lo tin- limit <»f human mi-
duninc*,   nnd   I   say   rt'itstrtlh"**  ttt
that means try to Influence the representatives of that copper -company to
meet them and attempt to -adjust their
grievances.
The men camo out on strike on the
23rd day of July. Sixteen thousand
men' Cam* out then. .Most of them
have left that -country. There are
about 7,000 there, however, fighting
this battle. All told, witb tbe women
and children, there are ewer 40,000
people there. .Those th(*e,«ou»tfJeB
are an Island*, a big rock out in Lake
Superior, tip on the nortberonwei
boundary of the State of Michigan.
There is no agriculture there, no industry-there. A man cannot find any
other work to do. They .raise prao-
tically nothing but a few potatoee and
some cows on the grass. BverythtoK
tbey cat and wear and the fuel tbey
burn not only costs as much a* it
costs us here, but the added cost of
the extra transportation as well. Aad
everything they get haa got to be ta*-
«n in to them or they don't get tt at
all.
They bad another system norm
than Iho truck store system that umm
to obtain wilh iu. A few of tbe -rfty
grafters, along with one or two of the
big crooks in the menage-mnM. of tho
company, worked that on tbe aide.
And they even went to the -mtr-wne of
forcing mon to do th*»ir trading then*.
chargluc ih«n unreanoriabie price**.
The copper companies own tbe two
newspapers that are printed Uiw-k
That gives ao Idea of <wfey it to tba*
shout every paper you pkk op tsls
you the strike Is settled. One of those
oapera carries tbe United Pres* dto-
patehsft and the other the Asuociat-fd
Pix^ss dispatches. Anything that go***
out from there for tbt newspaper tar-
vlco In i^tuiomt by th" w»pr***!i*!--
tlves of tbe copper company, and anything printed In th©»* papers from Um
outside world Is emmml by the samo
represratatlves of tbe copper ecu-
psnies.
When I got a tetograro trom Prsai-
il-pnt White asking me to go there I
picked up my home newspatmr and K
*ald: Thf »trlk«* In th* rondor countrj
14.—Fourteen minors, who bad been
convicted In connection witb labor
troubles at Nanaimo, were allowed out
today on suspended sentence by Mr,
trouble arose snd exists by reason ot (Justice Morrison, th* trtsl Judge.  The
ths government of Sir Richard Mc-} fourteen. Including "Big !*ula" Xusn-
TWrf* m»*fng a nhnmoUm t»*"rtf»«M. of; that, who va* ixlm allowed out ou hta
tbe rights of the minors snd tbe wet- own recognition of $1,000 In respect
far* nf tb* j»nWI* to th* otlK*rt*l** ot'if* another ohnrgf* not yot. hoir-1.   Th*
a   group   of   finanfis!   advMmiren
therefore,  be It  resolved  thst  this
other  thirteen   were:   Mike   Lynan,
Mike Letro, Oconee Metro. P. McKlu-
house baa no further confidence In the: non, Throgtrs, J. Btswtrt, F. Alsop. P.
government." . |Wslla«», J. D. Roblnton, ML Matt, t
This resolution shows that ths op- Hall, D. Purss and J. D. Ross,
judgment ths delenoants appealed to
tbe oourt of appeal. Appeal dismissed, -Martin, J s.. dissenting.
H. A. Mtdt-sn, KX3., and A. Mac-
nsll for plaintiff, respondent.
K. V. Ilodwell. K.C.. and J. J. Mar-
UU.   MM * UMttWUaiHf. *|lp-»M*-UU
(Islllhtr, J*.—I egret with Murphy,
J„ that tbe fact tbat tbe conditions
which cauaed tbe slide which re»u:u-<l
in the death of Cnlabaw b*ing abnormal do*a not affect tbe liability under
thn circumstances of this easo.
The fact that tbe deceased, ia tho
tliuatton he *«t» p'ti'.-vl in tn iU-
course of bis employment, wa« *v
iitupil tr* H»1fi nWf *rtfT>ni*n to "'*V -
In lh* locality -not so employ*^, tf.'.."s
It out of tb* principle enunclsted In
the rases dt*d to us on b*haif of th*
appedsnts.
In order for Culshaw to p*rform
his work It waa nwvwuary for bim to
Ine iun court tn Armstrong v. Ht.
Hugtme Mining Co. HMhi U lijC.il.
a»5, T WJLR. 374. (Hunter. *X and
Irving snd Morrison, J.J.) defined what
the arbitrators must do in stating a
oa**.   Morilaon J. (who d*llvor-*«d the
jtMMUIHMH.  ut  -mu  withi    **•   »t,V„lw,,  ***■
p, SS8, •aid:-—
"The proper course In stating a cat*
I* for lilm to find, not only that de-
:cpfl**d m«t hi« d*nth by awld-wit,
i whilst In iln* employment of the de-
i fendunt, ii* li« bas dono. but to na fur-
i ih*r and find »# a fact (a) wliether or
,   lit).     '..I.l.     .It  .'.',<„',     rllljil'     *.'.*'.     i.f    ikt'.kl     'ft
ith* ttnirtt*' ot that employment;  (b)
th-,. il,,, ,»..•*••»>( di fl u--i|o r-'in*v fi- on*
jruili,*-' of ni-rlmi* «nd wilful mlwonduM
or «*rtotis n«'g!wt, and thnn allow or
dU;iUow  -rom-p^nsatlon   as  th*  «as*
I   Wt have no specific finding in tbe
i n'.nif.. nf* covering (bi. but we have
■k   fU*94,t,   vJ.^t',..   .,*   <*|<»|*«Vi*.--*...   k.*ft.w,»»   ....
thin kind. He said: 'll 1* true thnt
when we deal with the effect of natural  Ottusss  uttucuiiK   «i   wmuMwuW;
(Continued on page two)
MACLMOl). Alta., Feb. ll.—The m-
quittal of th* prison*?, and lh* nr
r*»t of two of tb«? *itn<ftt**« for th«
prosecution on a charge of pm}nn,
wai* lh* n*!M«iH*a«al mit-fnnw itt on *■•>-
traordlnarily «*n*»tl0na$ mm trtwi by
.ftidg* Wnli.il !u thi* Pupr***^ CVur:
b*re today.
Chaigvu *nu  Mtnimittin^   .ih*l  a',
iMniKing    **»   commit    offc-nfw*   <*)
gross ImmurHli'y .milii*  *h* ;i»'M«ii
what their booka may show-^hat thei^ Um ^n* Hypim. of Hellers*. An-
tor el*v«rti tioum un<f«*f Umm clitium*
iuXJ    *»i.-i*-5   Atli^tt*^ Mil  **  I
B-tf-tUt**** i i      «*
araa, a
emlUe-i
k»k*4ttkl**.
tract »,v»N>m." Tbey mud* a -ronuaft
(every tbr«»* months aud th*y didn't
I know *i»si the conirstm rw*m«.   "tito
mch as severe weather, we are company told tbem at tbn i«iwi of threo
■d and bound to rwi«id*r whe-'mrnitbn how mwh tlu'y had «Mrni«d.
jploymentor wat* m< n-ly a coitseqtuwe! find out.   And if th* pit Un** dl«t.k<-<l
fvi»«. aithonirh yon miv hav* loon t*\t*
(Continuwl on pap- *«»v*ni \hm .mm, t)n ,|„. joh  ,,„ m|„i,( „h«.
vou $2.*» or $:t0 for your witrfc and uH*
Mr, A. Goodwin will «niv«*» in town
tomorrow night from t»u* Ooamt, an!
will take up tlw dutl> s of ixartMUtont
MiWiiUi-r ... ;U> :',.,..'.*. ':'.,.%: '.'.,.>-.
and Ibmndary <li»tr!ft fur Un> Socialist
p..*..   .•*,'-,   ,i,     tf        '   i''...
li-ctura on ■HocUHi.m .ji t;i«' ^ociaJl-xt
Hall on Sunday. V**h '•", «h*n all nr*
invited to auwid. ("ontraiJ< lioodsin
is an abtft ap-rak-fr. ar-d «♦■!* '-mrti
bearing.
vour buity a h«ndr*d d-olldr* ^nd It
you objwtinl y-mi ani voiir fmiliy **r<-
fhwwn out nt \onr hi.'m* an-l i(rh<n
fnim th* r.i,,."*'*'*
I You tsik of buvlng jtltn « nml •• "-
Anr tht>m' v.-.'**- > " *t' ii"i- .'
|th* morld i>.r i-|.j l<d 'In- pr, * •.
I that was rarrM or. un -tt.f-r* in th:»i
r**»|*»Nr»t* V«-n hi 1 'o V>> 'h"'r ;» *<, *
isnd tb*y jwitd for 'h*m *r*rr mmtth
jit th*y w»t»t*d !•» 9tA*. there »'. .*',i.
I l*u«hlnf *«• doiif    Th*v **tl I? "*mtif
,.jt .,,,.  ,..,(*..*    .,,«,Mr.•» iVi-*  !'•  W.V.*-' •>■»
If h** wn* hflot mud* tb* vk-thn. ef
a fimme-vp, and no pisntible wa» b!*
u3i. *u *%n,*U4*x ui t'h-uo*' .«*».! *,) toi*
act tui-r**. that In tlu- tuuumltig up hts
'-, rd-'iltt i li-a-iif'l  th*   Juc.   it, USiliU In
4   ,k.*i.4.tk   ttm* tr. 9tt,**i   kU   k*4ft*'.   i*t **v**-*fc» * ii
Tht. .<,!<5'ri««' thn,uehout  w*n «f •*
llirir,-   tir   'j'ok   rrwlfilig   llfttlllf.    Mm.
Il-i.ini' i-ta'Hn: iltm l»oba* < «lt«t sit
h- r i.t>i»if. --Hid u.i«-.tW'iH»!is In r »;|ili
i ! ti ft- -k.il.i-l- tw- -v-ld r; tn.-t* tintHl.
•a lil!,-  i»;th  '*.,"  tninr lit-*  .-OVtffd   tow
» I *
H» r   hu**«.ir. I    Mik«"   Hyi'ifi'1.   fttwi   .»
* * *   ■
• :. .: .', .i '.,- .*' '.';■ itii-t) ; „» ;';.»• %t)
limn.  l»it   th*ir  *»M.*i-.t**.> b« !«»•>! u
, i.vtM-AtiViit ng ij*uirr. iwiii •«.?■<• »;
r, »-.")  itiT  p*r]nry   whi*<   !■■■      '• f.
' •'..- (<iijr  it fn-»- iii.il! ~wl~i.l,fOi—'!i'&'mt>tiWP iWj"-**1t*V ;
33c;
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, PEBRUABY H;19H.
.UAxfci 1% iyi4.     •;   -..•;-;'•'.;-'--. •-'!; •^3ix/-'"-'--"  "^AAsA*-'"*- sp  AAsXr}X-.;'^i:yrXA-^'A^:"A:..X}sy :. A :-
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OP ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, H. E. Barnes.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OP
FORESTERS
Meet at Alello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
u       .'■ ■ :■    *
Meet every Tueaday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, A. Bunch.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meet  every   Monday  at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, G. Moses.
!f22S25S52SESJS
John H. Walker's Address on
the Copper Strike in Michigan
Continued from Page One
RING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied witli   the   best Wines,
Lit] hoi's and Cigar?
DINING   RO(nr   IN  CONN NOTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
OR.   JOHN   BARBER,   DENTIST
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE
B. C.
ALEXANDER MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
Fernie. B.C.
F. C. taws
Alex. I. Fishst
LAW& A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
PEACE IS NOT YET
An Eastern organ of privilege scolds
radicals who "continue to hack and
hew the corporations after they have
accepted  terms  of  surrender."    It
• watits "peace,"
The -corporations surrendering?
What have they surrendered? None
of their profits on watered capitalisation. Very few of the millions they
have wrung by extortion from mana-
cled labor and helpless consumers.
.Mary Jones, washerwoman, is at ill
paying forfeit tribute on food, clothing
and shelter, and wondering bow under
beaven she can make ends meet Labor In Colorado, labor In Michigan, labor in West, Virginia, is still on the
rack,
"JVacw?" Vou don't me much peace
Jn Calumet, do you?
Privilege can't »ave Itself liy crocodile tears.   It's a case uow of spare
is settled; everybody is back at work;
production of ore is normal, and -the
only .fraction there is being created by
outside agitators." Next morning the
same thing occurred in the .local papers and the-Chicago papers as well.
I said to myself: "If I didn't know
the tactics of those people I would
take it for granted the strike was over
and it would not be necessary for me
to go." But I knew their tactics, and
I went up there to the copper country. Over 15,000 people attended the
first meeting I held, artd no more determined body of men and women ever
•went on strike than they were. Nobody ever appeared to more thoroughly understand what they had to meet
ani* be more determined to meet it
than they were, and the outrages I
have cited aro the reasons why the
women seem to take a more active
interest in the struggle than the men
themselves, if that were possible.
Those companies had every detail
and every .phase of life entirely arranged for and under thei» control.
Even the churches are built on the
company's ground on the same kind
of leases as the miners' homes. The
only difference is that they say in the
lease tbey can have the ground to use
for church purposes as long as it is
used for church  purposes only—and
to those mines under the conditions enty-three children ana twelve grown
they worked before they came out on
strike. '
And- then, feeling that they could
not -usir the militia publicly, to the extent that -they would want to use
them, .they imported thugs into the
copper country. You will notice in
the records there were 5,000 less militiamen and -military in our country
last year than the year previous, notwithstanding they made a greater effort to get them last year than in any
previous year. They knew if a lot of
them would be used ln such a way
-publicly that all the people of the
nation w'ould turn against tbem and
weaken the military forces so that
no good men at all would serve ia
them. Then they imported thugs. They
sent to Del 'Mahone's strike breaking
agency in New York City and got
1,200 of the pick of the slums and the
tenderloin district to come up there
and preserve the peace of the copper
country. At least 100 of them are
proven murderers and a majority have
served time for almost every crime in
the calendar. That is the kind of men
the authorities imported into .Michigan
to preserve the peace and uphold the
law!
And what the militia failed to do
..       . .      .        ,   .    .      , these  gunmen,   these   bandits,   these
rf ^T^h^wSL^A^'SSlh8 ™an-killers and murderers, attempted
are   One of the bishops of the Meth-  t-0 do_   ,rhey shot tw*  men who £ere
odlst church, in order to make clear
that the copper barons -must be good
men, in a public declaration Jn their
own convention announced that they
must .be good men because they guar-
anteed, practically, the salaries of
every minister and priest that was up
there!
They control the banks and through
them the small business men; between their control of their credit and
their control of their patronage they
can crush any of them and drive
them out of the country any time they
like. As a result every element up
there is on the side of the copper mine
owners and against the men.
Let me give you a statement of what
the .political situation is, Big Jim
MoXaughton Is the boss of the Republican .party in those counties, and
the chairman of the Democratic party
had to get consent from the boss of
the Republican .party before he could
hold a job as chairman of the opposite
party! They have it arranged in detail; they know just how to play on
men's prejudices and their sense of
■patriotism, their race feeling, their
nationality .feeling and their religious
feeling. The manager of the company
is a Scotchman—he ought Lo have
been born a hundred years ago, and if
he had we could have dealt with him
in Uie 'only way he understands that
<men should deal with each other. The
attorney of the company is a Welshman, and he Is worse than the Scotchman. , And the sheriff—he ie an Englishman, and he is worse than both
of them.   Anj_the Irish—there are so
many Irish in the convention I don't
like to tell you what they do up there.
And the governor is a good American,
and they were all elected on the -plat-
form tliat they were real friends, and
the only good friends, the working
men In that State had!
To begin with, they thought the
men would not strike. They had 'been
able to drive them at their own will
ao -oni? they didn't believe the men
would strike. iMeNnughton advised
his people that the men would not
strike; when they came out he advised them that the Btrlke would not
last a week. It has lasted over six
months, Then they started in to
break the organization up and dnlve
the men back to work. MoXaughton
wired for the militia, Some of the
men found It out and asked the business -men to wire the governor that
there was no need of troops or militia.
They 'Wired, and then the governor
turnod their telegrams over -to .MoXaughton. MoNaughton went up and
told them—I am speaking figurative*
ly. he had his agents do lt—"you wire
back to tbe governor that the troops
are needed or we will deal with you
as wo will deal with the miners." And
tbey wired back to the governor and
2,-'<M> militiamen came up there to
keep tbe peace, when there wasn't any
evidence of disorder.
Tbe mllltla camped  on the com-
They snot two men who were
sitting down eating their supper.
There was not a gun in the house or
a thing that could be classed as an
instrument of war or a weapon. One
poor devil was shot with a big 45-buL-
let through bis stomach, and died
there. A boy seventeen years old ran
out of the dining room and -started up
the stairs. One of these officers of
the law saw him and thought it would
be anlce way to get a record for himself and murdered the -poor boj*. The
boy fell back in his father's arms.
Two men are in the hospital now from
that same shooting. And a little woman, with a six-monthb-old baby In
her arms, ran to the kitchen and got
behind the stove, with her three little
children clustering around her, and
one big brute poked a gun in,sand the
pewder from the revolver s.hot burned
the baby's dress, and the bullet went
through its clothing That ls the sort
of thing that was done to those people.
The State's attorney—who without
question is -on the other side—said it
was the most uncalled for, cold-blooded and cowardly murder he ever knew
anything of. Notwithstanding that,
the eight men who did It disappeared,
and the sheriff disappeared. 'He stayed away for a week, and after they
had arranged for a second degree
murder charge to be lodged against
them the sheriff brought' the men
back. Their bond was fixed at $10,-
000 the copper company went on their
■bond and the sheriff turned around
and hired the murderers again, giving them their stars, and they have
been__Qii _guard with their guns__and_
clubs as peace officers ever since.
(Men were shot ln the back, women
and children were insulted and outraged and beaten up. And then they
atfopted the same tactics they did with
out people in West Virginia—they
killed three of their own scabs to
make it appears the miners had dOne
lt, in order to create public sentiment
against them. The miners got hold of
the facta, and you .will notice the investigation was promptly hushed up.
They took a flag from a little girl in
a parade. Rather than disgrace the
fag by allowing one of those murder-
*>ra to get It the little girl held onto It,
and one of the brutes shot her. A
part of her head was shot off.
And then, to cap It all, on Christmas Day, when the -people had been
out on strike almost six months, when
they were ln dire straits, ths little tots
who bad heard about Santa Claus .wondered ir he was going to come to see
them, and the women and children
and the officials of tbe union went
around and solicited money so they
could have a little Christmas hox;
some or them were to get a sack of
candy and nn apple, some of them
iwlrs of sftcond-band shoes or mufflers. They were enjoying themselves
around the Christmaa*tree. I don't
nny that they deHberoMy went ont
and murdered those children, but Just
as «ure a* I am On this platform Jim
people died as a result of it,
If the miners had done that to the
families of. the people on the other
side we would be wiped off the earth.
They understand what it would mean
if the facts were brought out; they
knew the people would rise up and
■they started to suppress the evidence.
They arrested all the local officers
and all the active men, they arrested
all the sympathizers and people connected with friendly newspapers and
put them in jail without bail so they
could do nothing. And, knowing that
President Moyer, if allowed to stay,
would take it up, they figured they
would have to get him away. They
broke into his room, beat him into insensibility—and he charitably says he
doesn't think they shot to murder
him! Charlie always was kind of
charitable, but by heavens, if I had
to voice my honest convictions, I
would have to swear they did try to
murder him.
After President Moyer was beaten
workers to the necessity of really getting themselves informed so-that they'
can understand this .problem correctly. I would like to see every union
man a subscriber to his own journal, a
subscriber for the local paper, for -the
national labor organ, and read such
literature as will enable him^to see
and understand thoroughly.
There i one other thing I want to
point out: Ninety-nine per cent of all
the -men and women who are in our
labor organizations are working for
a living. If there is a mistake in the
policy of the officials of the union they
are not gaining anything by it; they
are losing whatever it means in the
loss of progress to them. If there ia
a dishonest official in one of those
organizations the members are paying the bills; ,they are -paying the
cost, and in either case if you can get
to tbem nvitb the truth they .will
change it mighty quick. And it will
not help to go on the, outside throwing bricks. Don't go on the outside;
stay in; don't let them put you on the
outside. Whenever you go out you
weaken your own cause; you discredit
your own statement; and- the crooks
on the Inside don't fall to take advantage of it. Stay on the inside; preach
the truth to tbe rank and file, and in
the long run—It will not be -long—we
will get them to see things as they,
really are and they will act' in the
right direction. It will be the shortest way.
If even a small amount of funds can
be provided those men will be able
into Insensibility, after they had shot  ttLm?J™\!!^LYfclle«,th,S inve8tiga;
1,1-m i« tur. ».„_!.._a , __....!.. *...„-9 'tion is on, and farther if necessary.   I
him in the back—and I saw the -bullet
hole and saw the doctors locate it—
they dragged him and the auditor of
that organization out on the street,
kicked and beat them for a mile
through the public highways, put them
on the train, bought two tickets for
Milwaukee, and sent the bill for the
tickets to the office of the sheriff of
that -county. Then when the small
committee, -fearing he might die on
that train and they might be held responsible .for it, tried to ge a way out
of it—they sent for a physician. They
got one, and he sent his bill to the
sheriff of that county. I want to ask
you if beating up men; if deporting
them; if attempted murder had been
practiced by us, and an organizer sent
the bill to the International office, is
there anything in our country that
would have saved our International officials under those circumstances? But
the men who did this haven't even
■been arrested or indicted!
And I say to you, friends, I hope we
don't have to settle our troubles in
that way in the 'future. I believe they
can be settled In another way—a
peaceful, orderly way—on the basis of
reason; but if they won't allow us to
settle them in that way, I tell you I
want to quit dealing with the scabs
who get ?5.00 a day—they can get a
thousand'of them to take their places.
If we «ranot settle our troubles in
any other way, what we ought to do is
to go to the root of the matter and
get the man who really is responsible.
I am not gbing to advocate that; I
will do what I can to prevent It, It
they will give us a chance to do it.
and I hope nobody, on the strength of
any statement of mine, will take that
action; but I tell you frankly that if
some ipoor man or woman, driven to
desperation,,mentally unbalanced for
the moment because of suffering and
jth-fl _-mii ffd*m» nf tri Aiids
maybe a father or a mother or a child,
were to go down to Brookliue, Mass.,
nnd take Jim McNaughton and his
satellites and wreak vengeance on
them, I could not tind it in my heart,
to condemn.'
They did this on Christmas Eve, and
aftemvards they took up a subscription among themselvos to bury -the
murdered .men. women* and children.
And when they offered their bloody
-money to the mothers and fathers or
these children—these -people with
their hands dripping with the life
blood of those children—the fathers
and mothers said: "We will bury
them." To ths everlasting credit of
those striking .men and their wives
and children, they said: "No. we don't
want your bloody money; you can't
give us n penny. We -will be under
no obligations to you; all we want ls
what Is right, and we are going to do
the best we can to get It."
Now they are on strike. It Is one
ot the coldest 8tates in the Union, and
possibly tlie counties tbat are the
worst in that part of the country are
the three counties where the copper
mines are located. Those men and
women with their dead are still fighting this battle on. They are our dead
Just as much as they are theirs. Their
Uvea wpro tnkon in the fight for our
causc» Juat as much ss theirs. If they
lose we lose, and If they win we win.!
believe that $100,000 from outside
sources will enable those people to
take every precaution to protect themselves and bring out the truth in this
investigation and get the best results
that can be gotten from it. I -believe
if the trouble is not settled lt will enf
able them, with their other resources,
to fight until summer time comes
again. And if that is done they can
fight on until winter time comes again.
I believe this means so much to the
labor movement it will be a shame if
some means is not found to enable
them to do it. I am not going to suggest even how it can be done.
I know we have our own burdens
that are bearing heavy, but if that
fight in the copper mines is won, the
new spirit that 'Will be" put in those
men and in the labor movement will
mean a great deal more than a few
dollars in the treasury if you have to
fight next spring. And if that fight is
lost it will mean more as a deterrent
influence upon us than the few dollars
would mean in our treasury that would
be necessary to put it on the right
kind of basis. And I do hope, along
with President iMoyer, that some
means may be found to .meet this situation and enable those people to
make that fight.
I have been In fights pretty much
nil my life. There are four generations of coal miners 011 both sides of
■my own familv. And that is enough
for anyone who knows anythtng about
the coal mining industry to realize
that life has been pretty much of a
fight, and I don't know any one who
ever went into a battle that made a
better .fight than those people are
making in Michigan, and, if there is
an£ cause in the world that Is more
important than another, it Ib that one.
I hope something will be done to enable them to win that victory.      ___
A1thwigh_r^m~PrestnOTt^r~tire~ii^
llnois State Federation, of Labor. T am
a miner yet, and as long as I live
there won't he a time I am needed
tbat you cannot get all I am and all I
mean in any kind of way that is necessary. Build uu our movement;
strengthen it; avoid mistakes! A mistake now mitfit cost more than one
we might make at any other time. Get
alt that is possible. Cod knows you
cannot iret all you are entitled to
while this system lasts; but don't
overreach yourself and let the other
fellow put you at a disadvantage.
Don't make a mistake at all. If lt is
possible to avoid it. Stick together,
ir you will do tliat, and If you will
educate yourselves, you will succeed.
If the bunch that Is In this hall will
take up this question and agitate and
go back to the mining districts and
take it up -with the other workers, <we
win have the obstacles tbat are In
the way of the labor movement taken
out of there before another year rolls
around.
I want to thank you for allowing
me this opportunity to appear -before
you. I wish you Cod speed, and If
there Is anything I can do, you won't
need to nik me to do it If I can see
If myself.
„..„ vw. it. » wmM, uow or «™~ mm* iro?nd »w>und the mliies. ands:MeNsughton told his paid murderers l know tbat the copper companies
"ha rodwid Vnol lth?teb-v2l vSS wr*nr *venln* >on could se« thefcrew. ho go out and break up that meeting; have paid agents tor the iama type as
ine roo um spoil me job-New \0rH „ry wagon imM ,wlth tt,0 mm of fth© word was passed to them, and the!the ono that came from West Virginia
courage that sort of soldier needs be- j only way they could do It was to bar-j that Mt the hall the Other day. busy
Call
Wlllle—Pa, what Is tho bono nf contention?
PaHTIm Jiwtjouf, my mn.
There Is no clans of iu<mi *u difficult
to be managed in a state as those
who.,!, lutiutioux nr** lioiiftM. but
whose consciences nn* tHwit.rhHl.-~
iVM4H»i*on.
STEAL A MARCH
ON FATHER TIME
Ing taken up to their bsadquartera, | ricade the lower part of the stairway, | here now in this convention creating —__
The officers lived mostly lu thu Ml* and then Have some one no out aud j sentiment acalnat these men and their iB._,, ... ftf,„ M..„ u,k. v.u .„,,
cauwiiMk Club and the Michigan Ho*!tall fire.   I was in tbat ball myself; \emm.   1 don't want to criticise or re*]D*nt ut 0r** Ha,p M*k' Vou "•',
Makes Hair Grow
tel. hobnobbing with the operators. 11 know how the stairway Is located,
They started out on their reign of j Kiaht witnesses testified to the facts,
terrorism, and as soon as It waa evl* ■ but tbe grand Jury never noticed It.
dent what they were going to be used j That err of fire wns made, and sav*
for there were three companies- haif-!	
way dwent fallows—who didn't want: -  -* - *    -     -*■"-- ■•--- ■*'■•■'- -
't -'a tiin*. W v-f tTitng, ':h'\*. jw-c-ro-'!'
and said tbey wanted to g» home. The j
copper -Komtwnles didn't   wsut   thai i
U.i.d of u*;iltUiuvii .ind tli<y ni'ti- «<mi,
hem*.   After tbat every decent fellow *
In th« mllltla protested snd asked toi
Ih- given a furlough and t«*nt home I
and they sent bim home, and when |
thoy got through witb thftlr weeing-
»ut prot-efs they bad only the men
who wire wlillns to do that kind of
work, flnt',J"' bird of men the copper
.•Rmpanio* wnntwt, I
l"ndi»r th<> flag of our country, the j
fl-*K fur whkh hundreds and thousands!
of ih«« t»e«i nn and womwt in ihei
day* gun* by have died, un4*r thst,
fist whose sentiments reprei-mf that I
tH'rg *t> tb*m »b«*  w«iM «*t tttmtnt '
All drug mor*-* m>U SALIVA, nnd It
is gusinnteed to grow hair or mon-ry
tuck,
The tlm« to take car*> of your bslr
In wb-j-n >«>i hsv#> hnlr to Ink* I'ttr**
ot.
U your hair I* getting thin, gradually fulling tmt. It cannot lw long
b«>fort» ihe s|*ol appear*.
The gfwstaat remedy ta *top the
b*'r   fe-xa   ?»'lteg   l»   *AI.IVA.   »h*   .     ,,.
tlnm* Amotienn Hair tirwwr, flt»t I «v»»rf r#d-bIooded man or woman In I
dli-rtnwd tn Knglanf SALIVA fur^o'ir nation »o 41* tor wh*t it motrm, •
«!»*#*« i»ourl*hmiMit to the htlr roots j ui»<l#r that kind of ftst this bunch'
«nd sets so tjnMWy that pontf* are * gathwwl, and I aay to yon tba! under*
i»milted, ' no f!** *" *'"* wttrhi in Us hMwv, -net;
Aud rsmaotber. It deswroya the jeven esceptlng tbe black flag witb i'« \
tkkodruiff geras. Uwi Utile pw*t thud (skull **sd **w*h#Iwju«Sv wn* Uwr* *v*r <
wm the life tbat aitoald go to tbsjs more rirtous bunch of'dfte»f»ri«es|
*-,»..,«     ,4'tMt    tOttf    .*O0t», .4.-.-.       .■*«,.,....      .        *,  •. -*     ,        ,       .*    -
a * 1 !•' 1 1.- •tr.t/t **,>• Hwt.*fN« *ot*» 1 »*.r**«» «-#s^*- It* \tlf*il-?t*i n« ■mUHtwwi'i**!'
•tats unif«w s posittv*» gasnimee t*»st ths* *tmf,    TSwy  «tni  what   they k
run* Iftiniirutt. «top falling iutir nitd, itmiii to <lrlw- tltct** m<*n imt-M. but ,*
t.-tfts^ffi-f m»%tip t« *.«*■'■ i|«V» * i** ornnmof' **>**r m-it-nM-a* An it Th** iw»» f«»f ht..'
'•bat*. A targ* bottle coats Sit. Tbe itbey Mt lost as tft# coat miners did In *
ww-1 "MAOVA*' «n **ery bottl-e.    At i l*tt:   they   wild   !h#>'   would  ttmmor \
t**999,.-'-9-W9i %wot ¥-10000 -   -4!* »c**t ## '«■> fe#;s  tfXt -th** *«» !»**-"S
fleet upon any who disagrees with me I Prsmstursly Old
honestly, but don't allow these paid I —-—■
Judanes to Influence yon. j   Nulling will ao quickly and surely
A congressional Investigation haa' rob a woman of ber charm as gray and
been ordered. I believe there will be j faded hair, snd nothing la ao easily
a ralr Investigation.   If there Is and fprevetitnbfi**'.
tiie irmh is brought out Were are as A io-tt application* of Hay's Hair
number »f those mine owners or their Health will restore tray hair to Its
men who will bang, and n number of I nstur-tt color and Imturtance It Is not
them will go to tbe penitentiary for a d>*.   It is s tonic thst stimulates
long sentences.   If those men snd
women who sre on strike tan be fed
'and eartd for and enabled to stay
there and testify In those cases and
flrht the battle through, there Is no
m«»*tlon In my mind but sn agreement 1       „
I win ho resehed tbat will settle that | fslla to do this.
i trouble snd allow them to he rwog-1   ||.«0, SOc. 23c  Get It st onr stora,
j nlrcd as union men,   Tbe othf>r side, gold and recommended hy McLean's
and Invigorates tbe scalp snd hair
root* to tlw proper performance of
their function*, thereby bringing back
tbe original color of tbe balr. It cures
dandruff.
Vcsir money will be refunded If It
Stephen T. Humble
For Skates, Hockey Sticks, Heaters
Ranges, Furniture, Stationery etc
BELLEVUE
Alberta
V.ntnwntnmtwM iMtfctf t UV
ZaB-Bik to tat fir <Jk\\>
lum'i lmf,i.:lii *%ii ills
ifwuUttf ]nk*im«;
It Is herbgl—no poisonous
tmitcmt tutoring.
It te gntlstptte--prevents
,..,«..    «<»■»»*   Swt-»*»e    tit-*!.*,,*,    *%-,/,
wrong wny.
It Is soothing—ends pain
quickly.
It heals every time.
Jost it good for gfot.iv
up*.
Jfottf «f all sfor#t and
draffiM*.
Vuntouk
, I itelieve, will be driven to do this to
< *»v-*» ihemneWe* from the -sentiment of
■the .twerlesn pwpte <vh*n (hey find
out Ibe truth.
j
Tbe Western Federation is n umail»
; organisation; they are net sM« to bear |
this -thortiiuu* llaanclsl lwr.l«-n thl* ■
; fight entails, snd tbe other organise-1
i tioos have held ihelr bands off. to |
thusa thru* couuOea, notwithstanding I
th«r* are over iw.im mnn and woman j
working at traded uiul tlum* an» international organisations tbey sbosW
■■ .,^.„mt,,     #-,       ,*.-..      ....       ,,..*   ,1,       ,.,      ,        ,  .-    4,19
man mn there Is orcantsed eice-tut tbe <
., wn.fi* -.a*-. m<« ui tats tigau u tdaur t
: •in ):* ;k'.9 nii-w*;*- it «»<-*«* (£« Ja-W 1
mcvemfftt  will Make (iiogioas on a
Drag Btore.
,at
'Sunkist"
•es with
'Sunkist" Spoons
While you are eating luscious, juicy, tangy,  .
seedless "Sunkist" oranges, you are delighted witli the
magnificent silverware you are getting for your table.
You always order "Sunkist" oranges because they are the
finest, richest, selected fruit grown anywhere in the world.
Picked and packed by gloved hands—the cleanest of all fruits.
Thin-skinned, fibrqless.
Not a Seed in "Sunkist"
Cut the trademarks from the wrappers around "Sunkist8*
oranges and lemons and send them to us. Select silver pieces
from our 27 different premiums. Every piece the famous
JRcgers Standard A-l guaranteed silver plate.
The Rogers orange spoon shown above is sent to you for
12 trademarks from' Sunkist?'oranges or lemons and 12 cents.
Trademarks from "Red Ball" orange and lemon wrappers count
same as "Sunkist." In remitting, send amounts of 20 cents or
over in Postal Note, Post Office or Express Money Order.
Buy "Sun&isi" oranges by ihe box, haU~box or dozen—front
your dealer.
Send your name for our *^l_i»_
complete free premium sheet
and Premium Club Plan.
Send all orders for premiums
and all inquiries to oso)
CaliforniaFrait Growers Exchange
10S King Str**!, East, Cor.Clwrck
TORONTO, ONT.
r'J
<•
*V
f
^j^^^^^MSMS&^^^S^^^S^W^^^^^S^S^S^SM^SSi
CASH MEAT MARKET
Home Cured Cora Beef
Pork Sausages That are Famous
All our Beef, Veal, Pork
and Mutton is Ranch Fed
\
Prompt Delivery to Any Part
M. K. DAVIDSON   proprietor
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER ANO OPTICIAN
FERNIE
B.C.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .•-; Proprietor
was
es
mm.    B6II6VII6   HotOI
OOMMIROIAL   HOUSI
■••t Accommodation In the
Up-to-Dat* — tvery   Conv«nl«n««*~
iMclltnt Cnlclit*.
•UlTAitI  FOR  LAOItt AND OtNTLlMIH
4. A. OALLAN, Prop*.
BILLtVUI, Alt*.
llTQTDIf lil ATT
BUolKALlAn U1L
STOPS CATARRH
IBIMBU
imwtfi-M-Km, .wt*tt ■wm-Hiim no  **m
Paolgn mm! ten pcttoNMI n now*
Mood Aran Um lent of tfco
mSSm "    '
■W^™W"p (W*^W BW^^Wf -BIWWWBW^I Hh*^Q
mnoitat, ontotiy. nernwi taint* ond if \ firtur nBliom tllliimHil
tlu\ lm* it m**M lh*y will bn •*'
t'U'*!.   aud  Ibii!   ■*♦■  will  have to ico
*.>•«*« tttriKigtk no* »o»* tt** ta tfc-*
yt:mr>.
ThotI* 1* om «r*»i danger to tfto
tmto. proiiwrtty tnd jfflpfnm;' on*
crra: ttangur to the oarif* aeulement
m a tmt tt**i* ni all law trenMaa.
.'»M tk«t m lba dmofaat ■»•. tftt Ml*
-'.ifTtw-nli «*!■»•*•* wttHiftl HU »Wd th* ■*»■»* |iW*»»
; <«t*Mf*t«<« tm tk« otior iMt.*' Tfco
""'••••"••.n fr. <?!•; r;';;!i; iltttttan ff-^ tn
t'-it-.ry niii «tia timmi who 'wortta for
a llti-ac *itatati*f aid Ofpi*t*I«f
•***•***'♦» m4 **tm •***•• t** ***•
• ««*«,   A»«f I ten* thut thtm ntrm-
».*«"» that ar* tninn m nrnw-^ht* »»•*- .
vsot t%tt t'i noinn, nm in imwwmintnm-9Wmm 1
, nw* th* -Hfret of a«afeMri»g Iio ttm- {
*..m.m«'* «to4 **9* *t.triot*»m*'m**o— Wi lii* | rtRSilt
vMeb If proving • iraMnttnl
«ff MenUMrptM nad It la twnttat
ty tkn potl-tst ntktln bn eleepn.
nom tbo giant roada ve have
•MB trtlk llaoinolrptaa wa ara ao
Mf« Uttl H olll Mp ato-oat pay
cho ef eatatffc. taM la ibo kaad. ar
bun wtw, 'Ihat wn wn tttnn ftwif
fWl Uf A WWW NMHIB.
Wa bnan mt*.t**n Um ataiwilf*
lm UmXmmYnttwn far tMs
naAwnm fiwl to Mn-
t*m      - -
N, E. Suddaby
Established \Aprii 18W
W. A. INGRAM
WhuUnijiU  mud RnUil    Tob&CCOIitSt
Bath* and Shoe Shine
B!H TAkD ROOM
And LUNCH COUNTER
C
^S^^Ti^imX^S^.i
*f± _0e_t        _0t_n% 9 j^tft _t
Our Coffee ts Good*
%W0r
-> "■^'jA-
te,.u,M,..j..«A.
t&H^ :-- • -*• - «•
IBE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B, C, FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
PAGE THREE
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Creek.   Sick Benefit attached.
T. Uphill, Sec
.Fernie, B. C
HOSMER LOCAL
No. 2497
'Meet every Tuesday evening in
the Athletic Hall' at 7.30.   Sick
Benefit Society in connection.-,
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet  every Sunday  afternoon
at  2   o'clock  in   Crahan's  Hall.
Sick Benefit Sociaty attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday,    Sick apJ
Accidcai Benefit Society attaci.-
cd.
Michael Warren, Sec.
Canmore, Alta.
HILLCRE8T LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.
J. Gorton, Sec
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday .at
2,30  p.m.  In  the' Opera House,
Coleman.
J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
*^**^^*^*^%****9*l*^***SS***l*l*09***.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 'o'clock ln the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec
Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
< Meet every Sunday afternoon
In Miners' Hall, 2.30.
Frank Barrlngham, Sec
Box 112. Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
p.m.
John Loughran, Sec.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2683
'   Meet every alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m. .In   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.
J. Johnstone, Sec
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
l}eet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.
Thos. G, Harries, Sec
Passburg, Alta,
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second' and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.
Thos. G. Harries. Sec
Passburg, Alta. ' i
M*°LE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month **. -10 a.m- >
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.
Thos, G. Harris*, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30.ln Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
Zj. Moore, Sec-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In -the Socialist Hall.
James Burke. Sec
Box 36, Bellevue. Alta.
LOCAL No. 3026
Max Hutter, Secretary.
Georgetown, Canmore, Alta
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.
John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C
GEORGETOWN LOCAL UNION
No. 3026
Meet every  Sunday afternoon,
2.30,   at   Boarding   House.     Sick
and ..Accident  Fund attached.
Max Hutter, Secretary.
Union.  Labor  and
■*+*'kirkick'kkAkkkk'k'k'k'k********kkrtt****^
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LIFE & LIBERTY MESSAGE
NO. 50
( BV  ERHKST  UHTERHAMH v
Things You See Advertised in
the Big Magazines.
Organized labor is here to stay. The
filerchants and . Manufacturers' Association, the National Manufacturers?
Association, the Allied Snobocracy
ifroni the Mayflower to the Hog-and-
Hojniny brand, -will have to make tiie
most bf this treasonable fact. Organized laJbor will not only stay but will
grow in numbers, in-telliglence and
power. This is more than can be said
truthfully of the Amalgamated Union
Smashers. The aforesaid parties ia
opposition to union labor may as well
assimilate so much knowledge at one
tlm©.
'Business roughnecks and bum revolutionists of the direct action pattern
generally agree that organized labor
in its present form has never stood
together, never accomplished anything
-for the working class, never will last
through the storms of the .prevailing
business system. The Inference to toe
transmitted by this amazing agreement ibetiw-een sworn enemies Is that
organized labor in its present form
has never learned anything from experience and will remain an Illiterate
in political economy till the last gasp
of man.     M
Cosrof Union Smashing
A union wrecker quoting experience
beats the devil quoting scripture. Experience might have taught the 'business roughnecks that union smashing
is not a paying profession in the long
run*. There is little or no profit in -it
It costs more to maintain a union
smashing organization, a labor-hating
lobby, a labor -bailing army -of Pinker-
tons, sluggers and spies, a labor betraying gang of Congressmen, Senators and IoarI politicians, a lalbor -sentencing corps ot judges, a laibor selling
crowd of labor leaders, than to pay decent wages, observe decent hours, act
more like a man and -less like a d-og.
Yet experience proves that the -business roughneck will rather spend millions on such union smashing methods
than hundreds on decent wages and
humane treatment of union labor. Experience also proves that the very
.worst that union smashing can do to
'organized labor is to break one union
and build up a stronger one, harder
and more expensive to break than the
first one. And when the second union
has been broken, a third one will take
its place that cannot be broken at all,
but will break the union smashers.
This might be called the vest pocket
guide for union smashers. We offer
it free of charge.
How the Unions Have Grown
Experience proves, furthermore,
that organized- labor has accomplished
more for itself and its class by .peaceful and levelheaded methods than by
roughneck alarums and 'contortions.
Yet the modern roughneck does not
know it. He carries the chip of the
pure and simple revolutionist on his
shoulder and dares everybody to be
THIS store is headquarters.   You
will always find here everything
you would expect to find in a
similar store—and many things more.
We specialize on articles of genuine merit Article!
arc have tested and tried ourselves and we can recommend and indorse.
You vrOl find hero all of the good—the best-die pick—
of the standard household articles advertised in magazines.
WeaddourownguManteetothatofthemanuftcturer's.
events have also shown that strikes
will come where there is no labor organization, and these unorganized
strikes generally create the beginnings
of new labor unions. These new labor
unions finally drift into the great labor
federations and become solid .with
them-, oven if at first they were organized as rival unions.
Solidarity Comes Slowly
Chattel slavery and carpetbag government retarded the rise of union labor in'the Southern States. But today
the colored people join the unions and
learn the new way of doing things by
longhead methods. With the growth
of manufacturing in the South union
labor will also grow. It will become
more and more difficult to hurl colored and white workers against one another" for -the benefit of business men.
So long as much of th-3 energy' of
laibor unions was spent in petty jurisdiction fights, It'was easy to sow dis-
njptl-pn in the labor movement. Today
the jurldslction troubles are gradually
eliminated, the industrial form of organization) solidifies the ranks of labor, the -useless petty officials are
struck off the list, the rank and file
democratizes its unions and takes
away -the opportunity for labor leaders
to use their union as a -personal asset
in 'business men's quarrels, It becomes harder -for old party heelers to
•bertay .the unious, the rank and file
turn toward Socialism and learn to
keep a tight string on their officials.
Politics in the Union
At ithe same time the sentiment of
'organized^laibbr is turning from strikes
to politics. Instead of fighting each
other at tbe ballot box under the slogan of "No -politics ln the union," the
rank and file unite and rally to the
Idea of "Nqne-ibut working class (politics in the union." Working class politics in the long run means Socialist
poMtica. V
A consistent labor legislation would
make the -labor unions almost Impregnable against labor smashing intrigues . Thousands ot union laborers
realize every year that they cannot
expect such legislation on from old
jparty politicians, so long as organized
labor, instead of uniting in the Socialist party, divides its ranks between
<the old parties. The quickest way to
compel old party politicians to pass
and enforce effective labor laws is to
vote the Socialist ticket.
Labor Legislation
The combination of labor laws that
will thwart the plans of union wreckers looks like this: A universal eight-
hour law, a. compulsory employment
law, a minimum wage law, an anti-
child labor law, a law forbidding the
empoyiment of women from <5 p.m. to
6 a.m., a law Insuring all workers
against sickness, disability and old
age.   Any. of these laws passed by It-
regular army, the navy, and special
constabulary or other Coccacks are a
part of every regular business administration and natural enemies of organized labor has become tacitly accepted. Even the National ..Civic Federation cannot deny this truth.
The Courts and the Unions
Not quite so well popularized has
been the idea that the courts, especially the Federal Courts, have the
sacred duty to drain the union tr-?as-
ure, sentence labor leaders at all cost,
on any old charge, if need be on the
charge of contempt of court, which is
always handy. A few more decisions
like the Danbury Hatters' case and the
Bucks Stove case will probably make
this lesson a little plainer. There is
every indication that this lesson will
be forthcoming in the near future. It
is great sport, of course, to pay dues
for twenty years in the hope of having
money laid away for the wife and
babies In case of need, and then to
see all these savings wiped out over
night by lawyers' fees, court expenses
and judges' decrees. This makes a
splendid ' foundation for election appeals to vote for a Democratic, Republican or Bull Moose business administration and furnish cash for some
more kicks in the stomach. Strange
to say, there are' many thousands of
labor unionists who don't appreciate
these efforts of old party politicians,
but ungratefully turn to the Socialist
party that has never fined, clubbed,
■bullpenned and jailed them. Some
people can never be pleased, no matter how much you do tbem.
Signs of Change
A superficial observer may not see
much evidence In the American Federation of Laibor or to other labor unions
of any pWltical awakening. NeitheT
can the impatient mouth-revolutionist
see any- signs of a change there. The
business -roughneck has organized labor catalogued as deaf, dumb and
weak-minded, and the blanket roughneck has his federation friends classified as "reactionary," which is even
worse than deaf, dumb and crazy.
Nevertheless, it is hardly likely that
the American Federation of Labor will
stick to the old paa^ty lobbying plan
for7 another ten years, or be content
to have its bills pigeonholed- or assassinated in the committee files of old
party Congresses. Officially the policy of "no politics in the union" was
abandoned by the executive of the
American Federation of Labor in recent campaigns. Of course, this was
done in the interest of the particular
old party lhat the executive 'believed
in, but who will say that what Is sauce
for an old party cannot 'become sauce
for the Socialist party?
One Political Party for Labor
In various States labor uuion parties
There is more Catarrh In this section
of the country than all other diseases
put together, and until the last few
years was supposed to be incurable.
Kor a great many years doctors pronounced il a local disease and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly failing to cure with local treatment, pronounced it incurable. Science
has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional disease, and therefore requires
constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca.-
tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only
Constitutional Cure on the market.
This is taken internally ih doses from
10 drops to a teaspoonlul. It acts directly on the blood arid mucous surfaces of the system. Tliey offer one hundred dollars for any case it fails to
cure. Send for circulars and testimonials.
„ A<Mr.ess: p- J- CHUNKV & CO.. Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.
Farm   Life
and  Health
Xt \&-
CANADIAN
Pacific
"Soo -Spokane -Portland"
Trains Nos. 11 & 12
TO BE WITHDRAWN
last train Westbound February 4th
Last Train Eastbound February 7th
Consult local Ticket Agent, as to rearrangement of schedules
R. DAWSON
District Passenger Agent
Calgary     :     :     :    Alberta
"Go to work," they tell you, but
they do not point the direction where
work is located.
Many farmers never send, for a dot-.,
tor from ond year's end to another.
Bnt this is not a sure indication that
they and their families are perfectly
healthy.
You—for instance—may not have had
the doctor far years. Vet it is safe to
say that you DON'T always feel fit
and well. Many days in the year you
don't feel like working. You may not
have to stay in bed but you DON'T
feel Just "right.".
That miseralble feeling is usually
caused by Indigestion, Dyspepsia, or
Biliousness.
You would welcome relief if you
could get it—wouldn't you? Well, you
can get -relief—any lime you need it —
quick and positive Telief. Take 15 drops
of Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup —
the great English remedy for ALL.
stomach disorders. rt will set your
stomaoh RIGHT and KEEP it right.
It's almost purely herbal—Nature's own
remedy for s!ck stomachs. It has been
used in England for over 40 y^ars.
There it is the Standard remedy for
weak digestions;
Get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup.
Take .it regularly. Then note the improvement in your health.
Price, 11.00.   Trial -size, 50c
For sale by •-.
Mclean drug and book co.
FERNIE, B.C.
nonerrnaTne;
Experience viewed through the spectacles of Impatience looks like a giraffe in a crooked mirror. In her own
fair likeness she tells a different tale.
The history bf union labor may lend
somo color to tbe twisted conclusions
of ite enemies, .but when you read its
FULL TEXT even the facts misconstrued by the impatient roughneck
teach a different leeson.
In spite of all union wrecking operations there are more labor unions in
this country, and In the world., today
than there were when union busting
was first introduced. And Jet it be re-
membered that union -busting in the
United States started at least two gen
enUions 'before trust busting.
When Smashing Began
Tbe firct labor unions did not un*
deratand the clockwork of the existing business system and went at it
with jimmies and crowbars. The mod-
em labor unions have felt their way
to its mainspring and are loam In?
to set the right lever that *M rank*
tliera free. Only it takes a little longer than the making of a roughneck
mouth-revolutionist
When union smashing-began In the
United States—and It began soon after
■ge}f-4s-4BS}Cf*SCtiV0—■h*8CSiU*S©-t-hs--exl-SiJH-,,r- ^gv<*--***Jrefldy_jiin..■Ah*Blr--nflijii-**°^l ■??■■;;«;?'?_
Wt al foar Mpefal tttmtbM to tfw O-Cedtr Foil* Mop,
to dMM tml brtttf ho-UMkMpiag ws know of,
WU^mcM*Nl(ckn mittXUk a IwhtooJ toot with-
mp^&^onytmlmniinnAinHi. Yoa on Ant ths tm
•I £^d« molte <ht ton of Ito ft^^
half tta tins it waif tikts,
Yoo cm (tat wnim tta bed, sad tato Iwwy fanfam-wfclwtt
penfe* H, mA nn on tiwtcfeoM *f tawe-wtaf wt ttat U,***-
bf to do.  Yo« cm do h qukktr, tatter tad hum wkh tta
VsBta ottar dwtlaf tap tta CfcCidir Wi* Ito cm ta
b-M aha mO^. su taa mmm bv soita • HV OfOM of
 _JI>-B  mM WHH|  OmVI. -M^MB .'************9.'**9m  -f.   >OT^^^^| -■ *t**99.   m. in *j .   .**w
Wt m m eoaWttt ttatyw w« ta *%ta4 wkk tta
CMSifrr NBA Mop thtt wn tm warn tm in four born-* on two
Jtp'okL  UbknMtn^mifknnifmt^m^nMjm'
Jf« Ds QUAII#f       r«rnie* B.C.
business system works at all points
to compensate the business men tor
any loss sustained- by any one of
them. Thoy must be passed and enforced together. The best way to put
them would be as clauses into the
same law, or bill, so that -they must
all be passed or rejected together. In
order to make them properly effective,
Congress must pass sufficient appropriations to carry them through and
warn the United- States Supreme Court
to keep its hands off them.
These laws. If enacted and enforced
by- Congress In interstate commenrce,
and by every individual State In Intrastate commerce and Industry, will
make scabbing impossible, because
everybody will be employed. This
will abolish the blanket stiff, the
strike breaking Immigrant, the labor-
hating loafer. It will make "Impossible
the betrayal of the union by any walking delegate. It will unite organized
labor politically for working class legislation.
Where Socialist Political Action ts
Required
But—you might as well expect the
'business polltl-dans to abolish the system that f-w>ds them as to Ifope that
the Inauguration of the Republic--It they will pass this combination of laws
which ls close by th* wind of the old
parties with about elgiht points of
leeway toward Socialism. Here and
there, realizing where their ship was
actually drifting, the leaders have
squarred off before the wind and steered straight for the Socialist paityk In
other places tlie leaders are still tacking back and forth, or backing and
filling in the effort to land a political
job and scuttle the union. But to a
keen observer there are 'broad indications on all sides of a repld conversion ln 'the ranks of organized laibor
to Socialist politics. And this is coming about, not so much through the
clever arguments of the Socialists, as
through the zealous efforts of old party statesmen and through the eloquent
-language of business roughneck*.
tAn International federation of organized labor in all business countries of
the world l« well under way. Tho Inevitable companion of this growing Internationalism of organized labor ls
tlie International Socialist party. It
will become THE PARTY for organized labor all ovor the world, as It ls
now In Germany. iT-he unions and
THE party will win together.--New
York Call.
was easy to drive union members-westward and Import foreign scab* who, nt
a rule, neither organized nor voted In
the first generation. Nowadays the
last corners of thetlobe are scoured
for Illiterate and easy scaba. the open
West ia settled, and the next generation of union members will neither
jump into the ocean nor be compelled
to face an overwhelming borde ot unsophisticated foreign scabs. In tiie
next generation even the Hindoos,
Chinese, Japs and Koreans will hear
about modem labor unions and Socialism. There will be little om ln
importing them as strikebreakers,
then, and few will want to Immigrate
•libit* left to thtlr o'fftir devices.
The present generation of American
{business roughnsck* is on ths list of ito beaMipon tho old parties Is"to send
without the very strongest compulsion
from bdow.
It ls true that this combination of
laws represents the very least that
organized labor can demand to make
labor conditions humane under the
pretumt business system. If it were
not for that big HUT this legislation
would have been passed long ago. It
was no*, imsied, nor even any single
one of these laws, because business
politicians ara not ths uncompromising servants of all the people regardless of clauses. This combination will
never be advocated, still less passed
and enforced, by any (dd party of lu
own accord. It must be forced upon
Ci-u.1 *i*4 ,4*.iu'.*r ui W*.   tain.   Tuu
THE UNION LABEL
At the Seattle convention of tho
Union Label Departinf nt, a resolution
was uannlmously adopted, Uio substance of which was that the very best
means for advertising the union label
is by advertising it in the newspapers,
including ihe daily, weekly and monthly labor puiierx and official organs of
labor organizations.
After years of vxperience and
thoughtful consideration we are convinced tbat the very best remits can
be obtained by advertising ln ths
newspapers, U'hil<> m«ny of our locals perhaps cannot afford to adver-
t,!«f> in tho dft.tly -\v.i\if.r*. Itnwi»vi»r wo
£? way 'to bfiVsuecesW WW*l!» "K.*!!ll!^1 "l!^
wmmmm
mmm
Canadian Pacific
TO * FROM EUROPE
tho Soori-to-Wu. aud ths u«xt guttttra-
tion bf captains of industry will have
a hard tim# following in the steps of
their union smashing forbears. Thero
will tat bardor things to tackle; ror
instance, tbe question of preventing
tbelr own methods from wracking
themselves, aad tbo question of getting around ths laws without violating
thstn and working Into ths hands of
ths Socialist party. And finally even
obsylng the laws will work Into tho
hands of ths Socialists.
Tlio Entrants tf Socialism
tn tbo osriy days of union smashing
the workm had ftw or no polltl-^al
rights Today w* ara nearer to a
popular fovernnent than *v*r. a»d
th* rising generation ef labor union-
Ms sra -training tn ntm the Aortslist
ttOctaiiklK into Hi* jiuliiii' offices.
Tht Boomerang
When tho American Federation of
Labor was organized in 18M, the Republican Conaraos passed the Sherman Ami Trust Uw. It was clearly
underitood that thia law was aimed
against business men wbo violated
tbo rules of tho profit came, not
against labor unions. Today n Homo-
cratlo Congress, protending to protect
tho Isbor union*. \%nt,**n » law to th«
effort that a certain turn of mon*? appropriated for trust prosecutions shall
mt h* Msod against isbor unions, a
I*.*MMM*7**S.k   P?t**U*l«.!, t.!-UU.i*J   I.J   tlit
votra of orjrsn-ttH tshnr. -stgna th* bill
• ith th« rtrtm-trk. that ti-n; eo.irt.tcr.:
has plenty of other funds available to
pmtecot* offendfri from ih*» ranks of
vortlse, and as extensively as possible,
:in the labor papers iii your vicinity.
The labor paper denrrves our support,
and in thia particular Instance it is
to our advantage to idv*> it. VVs are
fully persuaded that an tid' In a isbor poper is worth a tmrral of novelties of all kind*, with th* posalblo exception of calendsrs. and we bold that
adv-mllslng In labor poix*ra to be vastly superior to oven calendars.
Stomach Heal h
or no cost to you
Wry likfly nthom hm* advltfd yo«
i'o nw H«***»!J  !»y*j»."p*iit Tnhlotn, ht*
mum ttoorwi of p«opl« In this community teUev* ttaitaa t«* b* th* tmtt i*e*»t«4y j
Over nisdf* for !Jy«p*pi»la and India***-}
psttr •»• Ht-rtr wmjm tm ih* political > Qrma\z<.{] iahor ascalnt? th* Trust M«
tiolA      kmotomt  th* ft-tM-faltai  nartv ftil t i-j _..*.* i.t^.. 1-.9JL-.*. •»• i*  (all -,
W1MTBR MAMM
Wnm Mtttpasl
trtwt* *i, JMw
tKf**
BUM?*? Jjt p"tiw
It
AH.   It
I'tv* HMttas
1
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Wraii.
ttfflc*;  Ito J#l»r; n« ttassfrrj »» h»W *tf*ntm
UixuriotH
irC
A««w«M»>«l*lien, .Klsgant £"«*•§■., - ■ ■
Wmpttwrnm. . Kttt*llmt a«**pp»**stl«ii
'" 'Apt,  ' I
.1st. IS
wmt   t
Haiti*   -Orrttfti-tra
... rintwtm'unit l» tMs
nt* i«otit**eomt*t*oo.
The Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corporation
UMITKD. •« MMMMM*. «M*atMHl
A.lCamiL.C*yTteWJl|itt   ::    MOT 9IKM IA11 HA*
,**»   «*>*«**••«■«>•    **m*i     *««**«*    «**«.««*    *w ■ ut%newwt» mt  ttt*.  |«M«*t**wl«»  ■*»«« IM!-**" | *******      i9tmt   .*   *•> ••<•*.    «*.    ..*....*.   .v«,   .»•*    .
'lW*4l toor* tttfthhfAtlir tno* *0 *ho «n-' , ,1  **-,,. ev,rn;.,„   *,»     T^i'i-  1**  i.\i,t,9* o-tiift. **•„ V*ci"»- -«*'ti« .♦»««••- too m**** nf '
Irtaltst patty for action,    lint ain-ra\ h^o*o*A *»v *M m*r twHItSHans. *)Wo bar* tw mit?** imtn m xnom that <
ittBioa smashing fa Ineffective ta th* Pstttionitra Is Ptrtilo i*«* urg# yam t» >r> u.tm st our ri.fc.
■\ %m<$ am., thw MMwaas urm pmrn mi'
wot* band In bind with th* Socialist
party, until ths anion tnaasb-sra and
-»h#4r >»4<wrxt bwrt-n*n» «^-«*''Mm ar*- i*it
out of svostnoas oitog'etht^r*
In formor periods hard tlm*» w««k-
.-n*d strong Isbor onions iind aiinost
wiped out tho Woater o»*c Today labor unions grow mnn when tlmr* ar*
bard, and ev-wy «ttowpt to braat tb<»
uaioRs mahon mora SoelaUsts.   R~ < nt
P5jS^n55SinBmSE^^^?sE
M.DtVArspwucH tmtzt
* m&airm mt tmt Womr.  p > twt or Vtttto lit
h» nm •» *u tmw mm. m ****** <•*• •»>'
inntm*nrtrt*n<A prim, fmwmm !»«•»
cis., ai -omm-rsdim, OM*m
rHOSTHOWM. FOR MEN.
*pt
An Ad. in the Ledger will Pay
Ttutltfj far fktrm, *r4 Vtnto; t*!tw*w< "vror
■■tMrtaTwifci grtBimfct fan *■»».■ m * »•». «•»
iv*fat gk+t4f*t »PWt. «r ay MH) *«-r
nl rttoo   to ** *m*r > ii r«*r»v *r»
for go** at
OfeanriftH SkW I** !«**Wd f*r mm*'It -IW -Mm't fe*-';* ,,'*'*» *■>*■? mm'', tmt
or xh* other of th# abmo laws for at jyoo a rant.   If t*h*y don't do all that!
Irast   no*   generation.     Tbey   have you wsnt tb#m to d<»-If th*y rfon't I
r*.<*r(*r  *. '-'   twi •«•!»*♦       Xitrt-   ***'ti   thoto. {tro** nfo   *t "•nt   *"'tf *.-p,    ' ••*   h*"h>*h   <ttt*t «
In apora. f»!t# labor taws hate ■h**m ttmm yoor OtRf-nhm **»y~-y<m ish s»i
fmm*4, im tb*y bmv* always had stand «■* »ill .ttivo bmt-k yoar moneys
\o^*r aom«'when- that msd» them »n-[without a ***fn or n««-»t1on.
Kffrf!tiv<r>. or if they w«w otbsrwiiw! fontsliang lvp*i<« m-,4 Itismuth, t*n,
HOtitiJ. th*-- old party po!Hl«:litBt for-iof tin* gr-va?*--*- «!:ii'-H\«" ;«l-"* Umvu .
tm ki ai«pr«»pri«te fuads far iho.t on- )to ttsdlcsi **X-m*, Am .mk*:*!** th*. ii;* ;
tttttowt tst. Atwl now ct*» bosteMMa j flamed wt-omsr-h Ui^un. X»i* l» tin* ****■■
i mt-n'x !ot»M-Mi sr* to h* ahoMftfttd. and (rratlon oi m**tA *«**■
orw-ii-tt-'l itmr «.-.an no Umip-r i-tpwt Amm i,t*<t o,*i-*
! lh* (»rki!#f»- of havfBg Its lobbyists | howti snlon. swi nsuk.
U .**■  19*  ■■*    •«-    *--»***     -*'*^*-    *--*^    -.*-.'*-..     ,■•-,,   **.    -I •**.* U   %  . I:   *    ■!'■... : ■„■..  .
*■*»!. hm*..'*.<.■*» mt-.-n i-nn tio hmui't mmtt-littn lihi',  ttiih  '■!)•   "'■     ' s,yi*--ir
min "r^jw-aiwatlT-so'* in «h* Wbtoy «fjiHH» that th*w *l» ;■" ".-* b»d »ttor-
i«»t •*■**    iv 1* against bow.an r.»s«ra, 1-fff-rata.    WV h'.'*•■ '        '■> !w* '•*
-..ui iuovi'. [tmac remedy m»-',- *«- <r  ^-P**"* »ftd
fhotm t* hmritlf any n*t*mty now.»tiHttgMMtnn ft*»'*l» **. tf--- KKw^tbiia
ttl*'fiin*t*rt*MWt%miH)t«14i*til.w*fnW^ ** '  '"• '«*»'« **»*'•
*f, im«,m*' #*forts ma*# t/v old party i*>Vltirt*tis|oBlf at tmt M*vro   Thr.» *»ir* j>. :.**
' 'tn o**t^to mrnnm**^ ♦■»w»r »«•*» em«»t«w* It.***,    s.  r.   >*•**«■,«,>.. tutto***..,
mm m* mum*. th*|vi««ia Avtmw. r-«>, «* <*•
rhfik h»«art-
i    ■'       I ' *. * * t .*» i
;»''->s*Sb!*« for
l.. .-u>rts •
35125
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy in our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit tho ends of the
earth and< you know you're secure.   The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
ia always cfreapesf. and especially eo when it doesn't cost
higher. Dont dei.ay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want but come right
in ait once and have it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
FERNIE, B. C.
:a
HIGH CLASS
Ladies' and Gent's
=TAILORS=
SUITS MADE
to MEASURE
FROM
$35.00
I
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544    -      Fernie, B.C.
j
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
COLD WEATHER
Is the time for those heat producing breakfast
1
r      »
tUUUd
Quaker Oats
Robin Hood Oats
Oatmeal (fine or coarse)
Cornm-fa!
Corn Flake
Puffed Rice
Cream of Wheat
Shredded wheat
Grapf» nnt«
Etc. Etc.
ALWAYS   FRESH
•toM-itetro Ont bfrn I MnMfamt*.
A. I. BLAIS - Grocer
Frank, Alta-       *#*?*      Bellevue, Alta. v \\ •* - <-t< 'Pgft&tfi S.-tf!$^&y^%> jt,
mmm
^Mmw:*
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,
B. 0., FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
® I eljc lisirirf £cti0er   ®
Published every Saturday morning at, its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising^]
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
THE ELEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION
go to hell itself than go back to those mines under
the conditions they worked before they came out
on strike."
Men know nothing about the terrors of hell, but
they do know these mines. They know the abject
servitude arid peonage under which they have
worked—they know what to expect if they go
back. Hell has been described by Dante, but his
description, vivid and blood-curdling that it is, does
not compare with Walker's description of those
mines and the condition of the miners.
We can do no better than jise Walkers' own
words:—r"Just imagine, 8,000 feet straight down,
the drifts 3,000 feet straight in, working on the
level and lift plan, 200 feet between levels. Sometimes the men would be down 8,000 feet and in
.'i,000 feet more arid up 200 feet in a little entry,
and the worst of all no pretense made to furnish
one single breath of air at the face of the working
place. Men worked in those places who only wore
a cap and a pair of shoes. They had to have the
caps on which to wear their lamps and they had to
The eleventh annual convention nf District 18. j have the shoes to protect their feet. It was so hot
which 1-omiHonco.s on Monday next at Lethbridge. i thai even when they were sitting down, not work-
promises to he one of the inosl important j ing at all, the sweat streamed from them the same
in the. history of the District, and the delegates will j as though they were in the vapor room of,a turk-
be called upon, not only to consider many amend-,' ish bath. No air, working two shifts, using dyna-
inents to the constitution ami grievances, but will mite aud shooting four times a day. You men who
also have to consider many matters of importance; have swallowed powder smoke understand what it
connected with the situation both within the Dis-! means when you are working in a place with no air,
trict and the organization generally. It is no duty; shooting four times a day, with the fumes left lo
of ours to dilate upon the work that lays before - die there, and you eating them, and for this the
the convention. There is not the slightest doubt' men were paid on an average of $2.00 a day." The
but that the delegates selected from the various j rentier must read this for himself to thoroughly un-
eamps have been chosen not merely from an appro-! derstand and grasp what the conditions in the eop-
ciation of their popularity, but because of their j per country are. where the men women and ehil-
kuown and tried ability to represent aiid express j dren of the mine workers have suffered and are
the wishes of the ranlc and file. There will be. and I differing; the brutal, cold-blooded murders that
must be for that matter, much discussion and a I have been done: that horrible disaster that resulted
variety of opinions, but this is only as it should be. I in the dealh of seventy-three children and twelve
for it i.s only by tempering each motion and sugges- ■ grown people, and finally the beating into insensi-
tion with fhe fire of a conscientious and thorough | bility and shooting in the back of President Moyer.
argument, that any advancement and decision can I All these things, the reader will find depicted as
be arrived at. District IS has conducted ten very -vividly and as realistic as never before. John
successful conventions, and there is not the slight-1 Walker may not be an orator: he may not be a
est doubt that the membership can place every con-' literary genius, but he has given us a picture which
fidence in the ability of those selected to represent. makes the blood boil in the veins of every toiler
them for this convention.
HOSMER N9TES
We aro very sorry to hear of tne
death of the infant son of iMr. and
Mrs. Sloggett. We all sympathize
with you in your sad bereavement
Born—iTo Mr. and Mrs. J. R-edpath,
on -the 6th inst., a daughter. Jim
doesn't show any noticeable exuberance..
A -concert in aid of the Presbyterian
-Church will ibe given in Hesmer Opera
R'ouse, Friday, February 20th. The
entertainment will include musical
items, a farcical comedy under the
direction of Jlr. Kendall," moving pictures, a-nd supper. Cost of admission
is 50 cents. The ladies of the Church
look for a good attendance.
The Athletic Club are to give a
basket'social and dance on a date to
:be announced later. The object is to
obtain funds for financing the football
team.
Those present on the station 'platform .Monday morning saw an exciting
pugilistic -encounter .between two .well,
known Hostq-erites. Bob seems to
have .reaped all the honors out of the
and decent-minded man as he calls upon liis Deity.
How long! how long!"
Read this speech; let every word sink deep into
v our heart; learn the lesson, for you may be next,
  ! .md the sympathy that you are giving so generously
In another portion of this issue will be found ai to the copper miners may, and will be, banded yen
verbatim  report of John II.  Walker's  i'President : some day.    "I ask for bread and ye gave me a
JOHN WALKER DESCRIBES CONDITION IN
CALUMET    .
Illinois State Federation of Labor) address to the
delegates at the International convention. It is.
without doubt, one of the most comprehensive aud
descriptive Word pictures of the nrrpnt strik-ft-fliLfluq
copper miners in the Calumet-IIeela region of Mich- i
igun ever given.    We have rend many reports of
the  situation  and  conditions existing  there, but
nothing so graphic and vivid as this.   Dealing with
<tone.
HOSMER AND ITS NEWSPAPER
There is a deal of satisfaction in knowing that
we have such an ardent champion in Hosmer >-.s
'illiam Balderstone, and if the business element
of
ts
Hosmer showed as much publicity ability
every aspect of tlie situation, from the time of thej \Villiam  has done, they would not  lie scratching
amalgamation of the copper interests in Houghton, i around at present for a newspaper.   Wc should like
get   an easy job and sji2f>0.00 a
Antonagou and Keweenaw counties, ami traced the \ to  w  somebody
company through its forty-two years of existence. I month for a few years and might enter into com-
he carries the reader away with his description of ;;,-tition with the fortunate individual ourselves,
tin* conditions existing in  ihe mines, and of the'    If the business element of Hosmer are so desirous
workers and their families.   He reviews at length ! of publicity, why not do a little advertising in the
the actions of the governor, the attorney and thej Ledger?   It would certainly cost much less than
manager of the company, and the sheriff of tlie
county, while the militia men he quotes in the following language :--
"f sny to you that under no flag iu the world in
$250.00 a month, and might be the means of securing for them a little of that business which at present finds its way into the mail order houses. Last
time we combed this town for business (at 9.30 a.
its history, not even excepting the black flag witli j m.) quite a number of the establishments were closes skull and erossbones, wns there ever a more vi- ed or the proprietors resting, while the only Imsi-
eious burieh of degenerates and Judases gathered nes* secured was from the Co-operative Store and
together than were in Michigan as militiamen at |$1.00 as subscription from a prominent tradesman!
that time." And what of the men who were fight-'- William may consider himself permanently eu-
uig against these conditions? Walker tells us:- I gaged as publicity agent for the Ledger, nnd IIos-
"Ihe jiiei) foughl, they fell just as the coal miners j mer might do worse than seenre his co-operation as
did iu 1897; they snid they would sooner die nnd j publicity commissioner.
THE FERNIE COOPERATIVE
The Pernie To-operative Society
haa Jmrt Issued another balance sheet
for the quarter ending December III,
!!• ill. Th© Htore has earned u very
mibstamlal jirofit aud five per emit
divluBnd 'Will be imld to ttharoholdora,
»-M»*-. :i cor.f!(Jt-'.".vW-t sua* niV. W^Ui*
mi to Hmj rwerve aoenunt. The Koeioiy
hu« had n mo*t *'.i<fe.s-*!';i! m.■veil
month*' trading, and the balati'p
»*b*»M," whWMi  will to recetv-M by all]
The   Pernie  Juvenile*   travelled   in j PARCEL POST RATES
state to Waldo lant Saturday, and if     „__.,„. „ r~,—"„„._   . ,xnataaa.
the Juvenile*' veracity can bo relied I   OTTAWA, Feb. 1 .-Rate-of portage
"l>on,    smothered
tea.rn of Waldo 19
yet ascertained whether It was i*rllH duc!ln« placeat'"matting:—1 lb.. 5c;
huge, blaels jack or hockey, We hear|ll>a„ ik". 3 lb#„ "e; 4 tba., 8e; 5 ltw„
that it is the intention of the Fernie I Hxv, 6 lbs., 12c: T lbs., lie: 8 lbs.. I«c;
•bunch to Journey on Sunday to E!koM» lbs., 18c; 10 lbs., 20c; 11 lbs., 22c.
nnd  content   fr*r honor* In  thnt  c'tv I    Any |M»t office ^wyond twenty mll«C |
day evening next, 16th inst, to' com-
-menco at 8 o'clock sharp. Tickets tor
admittance 25c. Members' lady friends
free. Non-members ■wishing to >bring
lady friends will -have to purchase
tickets. Tickets can now T>e hod from
R. Billsborough. Dont forget the date.
The lantern lecture given toy Dr.
White, -superintendent of omissions, in
the Methodist Church was (airly well
patronized.
One of the residents has 'been the
victim of a (practical joke -this week,
dn which the telephone was supposed
to have played an important part. Say,
BilCtoo <bad, after shasing around for
the doctor to find all to be a -hoax.
Frank Townsend, of Toronto, arrived in camp on Tuesday, intending to
take up his residence amongst us. He
is staying at the home of bis cousin,
W. R. Puckey. Coydte Street We bid
you welcome.
\V--p fully expect to see the shlveree
band out in full force On Thursday
next.   Watch Riverside Avenue.
Jack Tyson left camp on Thursday
afternoon en route for Whitehaven,
Cumberland,   England.     Boa  voyage,
pital on Wednesday morning for med-
■ioaft treatment, where w© learn she
ie doing as well as can Ibe expected!
We hope for a -speedy recovery,
A sp-soial train iwas run after the
Bhow On ("Thursday for the convenience of Creekites. Theee trains are
appreciated' -by the residents.
The -members of*the dancing class
assembled on Wednesday to bid farewell to Mr. -and Mrs. Ed. Powell, -who
left camp on Thursday evening en
route for Poell Rtorev, where Teddy
has secured a good position. Their
many friends-wish them a successful
career (in their new sphere.
We observe several notices advertising (furniture for sale on the 'boards
-and posts in  tbe camp.    What is
wrong with Ooal Creek?
James- Steyart is -severing his connection -as pit iboss with the company
W take up a position with the Bnazeaa
Coal Co. 'We Join in -best -wishes, Jimmy.
Still another wanderer, Jack. Chester, Is leaving during the week end
for his old home in Whitehaven, Cura-
toerland, England-. Oh you Jack, good
luck, oik! man.
Rev. Mr. Philp wil* speak on Sunday night in the Methodist Church on
"The young men and boys who are
wanted.:* A week later he will speak
on '^Masters -find servants, or employers and employees." . •
engagement, the other quit, failing tojJack    oh  Jim  why <lo you-weep?
ex-s^sf tfii&n %£ j ™e r? t r* hanglnBrr
more I the suburbs of the camp on Monday ;
It Is rumored tbat the sir's or ladies I eventually  depositing  his  bundle at J
of Hosmer are to give a dance in the  the home of Mr. and Mrs. Ah Sing,
near future.   Dancing fiends amongst the laundryman, leaving a daughter.
the sterner sex are anxiously waiting! .Mother  aud   baby doing   well.    Ah
announcement of date. I sing all smile*
The mine management would like to J A 5,arty of shaw sl,oerSi comprised
see the ambulance classes 'better at- ,,, XA *fa „f .,,„ ■' , inr.,. „ f_)n
tended. This should appeal to thelof «•«*** ot ** ™'„ 1°°< VvS
miners of the camp, as a knowledge Ion &unda>' ***** w!th guns evC- The>
m , , .       *   . ^ .     „_ ..I*.!**-    -.— —    -     S3 tJl 9..    9. \*, 9 ± 99,  -.-***  »**   9-rl
of ambulance work is certainly an asset. There is a goodMnstance in the
13 level case.
Tbe icra! K. P.'s ar? to celebrate
the 30th anniversary of tbe founding
of their order on February 19th. A
public ritualistic service will be staged by Bros. Fortier, White, Cole and
Smith.
Could Billy Bow-wow-ser, in his extreme regard for the municipalities
and other electoral districts, not find
some means of adding the duty of
dog catcher to some government official or. other? Probably Harry Brown
will take this matter up at the first
favorable opportunity, as we sure havo
some voluptuous canines round this
burg.
There was a picture that no artist
oould -paint put upon the boards here
on Monday morning as a fat little "feller" was chasing one of our members
of society round the coal chutes' and
onto the station. "Vy don't you -pay?
"Vy don't you pay?" I wonder if
"one round Williams," of pugilistic
fame, made his getaway?
Charles Marlatt is now engaged dissecting the coal in the assayer's department of the natural resources.
-Hon. W. R. Ross, better known as
"Ea'.lot Box .Bill," who never worked
and never will, is making rapid headway to earn a new.title. .We hav-f
been reading Dutch history and thinl-
Rill's-- title should be William the Silent, so far as the present session of
the legislature Is concerned. Bill
hasn't even given a little toot about
prosperity or a White B. C.
We have a,very dear friend who oc-
•eupi-e5^-i?ti'uus-i)05itioii"i3iraTiion Kop"
reported the road fine, but returned
empty handed. Better luck next time,
boys.
(Mrs. James Ireland, of Coyote St..
left camp-on Thursday en route for
the land o' cakes and thistles. We
wish her a plqasant journey.
Mrs. Shanks was removed to bos-
Classified Ads,--Cent a Word
GTTOD IROXERS WANTED—Wanted
at once at the Fernie Steam Laundry.. Only experienced' hands need
apply. 145
FOR SALE—Splendid R. C. Rhode Is-
land Red-Cockerels, ?2.75 each; also R. C. Rhode Island Eggs for
batching, $2.75 per setting, 12 chicks
guaranteed; laying records, cani't
be beat for this Western climate.
Apply Jos. Stephenson, Box 61, Coleman. 144
ORPHEUM
HIGH CLASS PHOTO PLAYS
UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT
WELL HEATED AND VENTILATED
FRIDAY and SATURDAY
Europe's Latest Marvel:
THE WORLD FAMOUS
Gaumont Talking Pictures
Shown with the regular programme
of silent pictures.
Complete   change   of  programmme
each night
SELECTIONS FROM HARRY LAUDER
and other celebrated stars
FOR SALE—7 roomed bouse, lower
end of Chipman Ave. For terms apply at District Ledger. 140
WATER ACT
TAKE XOTICE that B. C. Hydraulic
i-r»u .M.u uu-, Power   Company   will   apply  -to   the
th* intermediate (in c«nt») on parc*l» mailed in the
.1 i wlT«.;J:„!:'province of Alberta ftddrewod to any
toi.   We havo not;pogt offlce wltWn  twenty, wile*, In-
GET A  LITTLE  INFORMATION
Tlm following communication* need
.     „        . . ,        ., ,   , • ..   illtfln cnmmfM from «», but people de
T»ttb»criU«r*' thl* wt«k, ought to be the
m«um of Inducing many *m.t
ktrou* of taking up life insurance will.
If ;?.<'> tuk*? the troublo lo Investigate,
find enough agents of solidly tmtn'n**
llshwl offices In F*frnle to ri»k t«*o or
three httndr-wl thousand on their IIvms.
but wi'nhin the province of Alberta:-- [Oeoriro IWby
I lb., loe; 2 lbs.. I4r: :i lb*., isc; i
,"»!».  TS'.". .'. ib«.. ?««", « H)k. Wr; 7 lb»„
!34c; S lbs., 38c; 9 llw., 4!?e;  10 llw.,
4«c;il lbs., Mk\
I   Any post office In Saiifiitdwwam or
DdLlih Columbia; — I ib., lite; : lb*.,
Wc; 3'»>«.. 2ac: 4 lb«., 2N<>; ,', |b»., 34c;
fi lbs,, 40c; 7 lb»4 l»c; 8 lbs.. 52c; i*
lb*., r.Rc; 10 lbs., «4c; 11 lb*., 70c.
Any |»st office In Manitoba:—I lb.,
18c: 2 lbs.. 20c; i Ibk.. :>>r: I lbs., :!«<•;
!i lbs.. 44c; e lb*., :•:•(•; 7 lb»„ IJOe; H
lnvt'Rt-
«rato jtlnce tlifir Kavings In the fund
,of the -sect***}*. Next week we bojte
to publish tho balance sheet complete.
On Monday, l-Vbnittry 27th, tho nn-
nu»| mi'Oiing of shareholder* will take j • 'n^nn Awlrfpnt & Clnarantw Corpoiv If,'' ,?*f: a Jb*'* '**'' u' "'"•' We; "
ptac^ «.mI I, i. h«p,,l „ this mating |       tttlon. Ud.. Vancouver H. O. t' Any ,>o*t nttkn te 0«atlo:-l lb..
i>««r 8lr»:~ ISe; 2 lbs.. Ui", S lbs., nie; 4 lbs.. 44-e:
!R# Western Ufe* AeeMwnt flompny |6 ion., r»4«*: 1 »».. «lc; 7 lb«., 74c; H
Rowing to sour tvinmuniratton ..f t|W, h-U, it iuiu, hit:, lu tint., |l.«4; II
!"»'{i !«;»♦,. 11;** Above ti.tnifii com»w;jy !'m-' I'"-     ...,,.
shu, n,*n grants a temporary "r*™\.,*l*\JTj£U%t^
 i, ,i._ „,., j mM ».L-l _._» Xttm xtroxinonn. --1 m., izc; ziua« 34c;
|,1 lbs,, :!llt;  4 IIm., 4Sc; T, lb*., «*Tk-; d
to di'vlsr m.'.x.i-  iiH-uiu «*f iu.iv.i«liijj
tht* capital of the wclety and Uweiby !
ho lii h ;M»*lilflii to laiitich t,nt in ttthor
lines.
THE Itlt THEATRE
> until the 31st doy of Msrr-h nest.
Y<w»r oI»^»1Ihh iM»rvnt»t,
KHX»«T llf'NTKH,
Huiu'r»nii»nit«'nt n/t Ins1t^an•,
Mt.  A.
r..'
II, t-JlliptMii,
.;-■. ik-;,:;.*,:. ia,
X*vt*r fon'fnt with, but always loot;-
Ins for somHhlitg norpl and origlnnl,
Sir. !Miil«r this week announce* that
Wt   T*"t-'««'"> f   *nr>»»    tto   •»••»♦   -,*tntt'   •**,,, ■
tnmowi motion pietur» dan-rtne lesson, t
»i>K'B iutiita<-» im- uimo. utr*f> trot:
a«J VJ*»n»ii«» iii'siutiim waits.    Tbt»t ^*f Sir;—
%A,e>r,%fo h.trr.tmpU-'.o lm tbr** tnool*. Tho'    I* tro*\*y to ymir opor*%' tfixory In ro.
immmturn art Wallw* McCuteh««»n! *»«» to the Westwn Life and Accl-
nnd Mis* loan Rswyer, xh* ■*o*n*nl\nt\\*^ht Insursn-rc Cotnivany of Denvwr,
. r **.       **     ■   rr- t.      t t*   .. *   .       . * ' <* i. lit ti  *i, nut-  **.-i9  .1 i     ,    ,...,. ^ ,,.,.,, ..
danciujt t^chi'rs io the beat p*o'A* of! W*ttl>gd In IMO und<<r the aswss-
thai oin. Tbey charge |» for n »to- w*'11' '**•» ?■* Olorado. .itsd I* a f»m-
gb- IwMi, but Votixh* audlonc-fi* will immtlv-fly «m<il wmpany, 1\* r*.tte-
h*v* th*» same WItlon for 2.' ci»nts.     "«•»»< nn nt tho rime of 1!>12 *hows
Th«^ ffttturi» for <b« week end -will t »*-■»* i« received in ureraturos II0fl,.1f»r,;
tw "Thi* Streets of N'ew York," im«w I t»*W to Ita pollc% holders, I27,7«2;
fflm (-^ t^-t.f. *,f,ftm T'i1* li ft rorvlwhih* Its mwiiim of mtonif-moit
Ho» driMMtU: film in a hJ»* th* audi- i amom»t*d *o i'.VM. It r»»i«rt«-«l as-
■fttu-ft »1M »»f fhrilW «-<t>, « *T«i* l*p*a ammmMr* to f2n.»7«. nnd llwWII-
fit* and '• j-h   -.-»- ".« r' |* >.-.'>    y-ii -*!tl I*. •.- «hv "h»
On \V*e<itK-«»t»i thot** will be a lm* i*ctnptmy U a rom]>irat|vptv *nii!l or-
■ <  -i-it i'hiTvj! v ,'-n-  "IMg   cilrat '•'.     nl  li»*   Hut   Yuu-  nv*-r
!bs., Tic; S lbs.. Dtk; it lbs.. )\M; 10
?•*,. t1.2«M 11 Ibt., fl.W,
T»w< maximum ttetyos on any par*
wl -abttM tsM mtto*o<t 1 ooot «n *win<««»
who has an ache to improve his social
-position. It was amusing to watch his
high .brow com-^ down to his chin as
he dolefully watched the snow shoe
olub .waddle down to our friend Mr.
Peach's. Bou't worry, Wilhelm, the
future is yours.
The Hosmer Athletic Club must be
pssslng through its first pangs of resurrection and resolves from now on
to show the public that it is on the
dot. They are staging a bout 'between
M-cConnwk. tbe fighting miner, who
has quite a reputation in this part of
the country, and Young Maxwell, of
Moose Jaw, on Saturday, February 21.
McCormack ls confluent ne own revenge his former defeat at the band*
cf Maxwell and we should see some
fun in the course of ten three-minute
rounds, as there Is no love lost between the two men. The main bout
will be staged at JO p.m. Three good
preliminaries have also been arranged
so the fight fans ought to get their
money's worth. Proceedings will -commence at 8.30 sharp.
The social atmosphere on Kootenay
Avenue is now clear and Mrs. BInka
will use water out of the same hydrant
as Mrs. Jinks. We have not *o far
b«(en advised as to the hours of calling.
Thn fefldm from each «1a*8 V»f Hosmer Schools for month of January,
tO'H, nro a» foil-own; nivlslrm I.—S*-
nior grade. 1st. Robert Smith: 2nd.
Jas. Millar; 3rd. Jean Cole. tatmm-WB*
ate, 1st, Bessie Smith: 2nd, Cora De-
haurier; :!rd. Walker Taylor, Junior
grade, second readers, 1st. Jas. Cole;
2nd, Emma Anthony: 3rd. William
Craig. Division Il.-^lass A, 1st, Bo-
bus Palacek; 2nd, Isabel Parkin: 3rd.
Bdna Gourlay, Class n, lat, Irene
Malo; 2nd, XeHie Donnorfile: 3rd,
Peter flabnrn. Class C, 1st, 8am Tor-
forlll; 2nd, Sam Dn-wlor: 3rd, t<\!\n
Division III,—A -floss
(M>nlor), 1st. Sybil Knrnpy; 2nd, John
Korinan; ;ird, James Whalley. B claas,
1st, Jim Peach: 2nd, Gladjrt 8hawj
3rd, Margaret Wylie, O class. 1st,
Dorothy Malo; Snd, Rosarlo Gratia to;
3rd. CharlMi Milo.
Notice of Application for the Approval of Works
MAtlNEE SATURDAY 2 to 5.30 p. m.
NIGHT SHOWS 6.30 to 11 p. m.
Admission 25c -St 15c
ORPHEUM ORCHESTRA
EJEMEISISfi^^
approval of the plans of the works to J
be ■coueiruoied for the utilization of j
the-water from Elk River Creek, which
the applicant is, by Water License Xo. 	
1554, authorized to take, store, and I
. m —. „ -,.. ,S____1
The plans and particulars required!©
by subsection 11) of section 7'j of the ■'»
"Water Act" as amended have been
filed with the Comptroller of Water
Rights at Victoria and with the Water
Recorder at Fernie.
Objections to the application may
be filed with the Comptroller of Water
RIrMs, Parliament . Buildings, Victoria.
Dated at Vancouver, D, C, this 20th
day of January, 1914.
B. C. HYDRAUWC POWER
COMPANY
Per Haffner & Wurtele,
Engineers,
141 Agent of the Applicant.
TO BE LET
OR SOLD
320 acres In Sunny
Al berta 8| 8ec. 7, Twp
9, Range 1, West of
8th Meridian. Fenced
and SO acres broken.
Apply to
J. W. Bennett
Box 48,      Fernie
GROWS NEST BUSINESS COLLEGE
AND ACADEMY OF LANGUAGES
DAY AND NIGHT CLASSES
COURSES
Arithmetic
Bookkeeping
Shorthand
and
Typewriting
English Branches
French
German
Italian
Spanish
English for
Foreigners
Special attention paid to out of town Students
In matter of board, discipline etc
Sensible reduotlon to all who enroll before Feb.
15. Mark with a X the course desired and
mall to
J. W. BENNETT, Principal
JriJBicriJiKt bviush coiitmpta
write for full particulars
Wo nre norry to lay that the young-
t*»x child of .Mr. Midnith i» vory »lck.
tat we hope for • tpeedy recovery.
Johnny K»dhini<i h'i* t^rteJ f'.ri»|
on N'o. (I «nRln-f>, Wm. Retl luvlng
taken over the portion tta ut^lutwr.
Curly the trapper ii upending * few
dnyi in CorWn,
Wn ur** pleaaed to wtate that Joe
Krkoflky and "Tony 8mli.li*. who have
iMxtn off work for the la it month, have
MOTHERS
th hi»r pir«>nt».
'nro **t *,-
KHUl'-   hu:
rifi-u" j
*»•( '.?•• :;.'
r*i>**      **.  I     '
nti iitti, iA
■and «■ '.i-i'.
t  A      ft
Ti'ti"
thou-
-it a"!<<!*,.i!
"li" N'-jim
Th*-   f\
i    , .,    1
I Iffct omtmem
you patOfifonreliiU'siklitceu
into the-ijitcro just •• turely u
UtoA th« child eati. Don't let
impure fata and mineral coloring
matter (auch at many of the
t;j-„p omtmenti contain) get
"'xtrx rtwir ehfM'i Wood!   5?am-
I'-' k ii fur-fir hei bit. No pott-
i *ir.oist cobring.   Vtt it always.
' A-. !k* «( AS E>mtiimt mi Sim*.
th  !•■►!«• !<•«' i *<*•*• ** ff'-yog \n  fow<-     W.    \iH
i.ii!«..%W
r>f lti-mr'tig
-V.ttor  to il**** *oii »o fnrm yo*ir own w^nrtti-
.     ;,  f;- (*'   r.t ■*.* '     "
' -.     I. . fc (.     ,, *,       ft)    tt,l*    r r**r   .-jfnt
.»..•■  iii   ih<-  in »•'   r<-**ii.T;i> V-m..
'fV f!ii,. imi iifiti"! 1 Till', h'P'yTATi'M; «'<i
.   '.rui*.
thi: h'pty-TAT'
i'.Oltt-tf
^t9.*,9.J.9\mmik'ikUll  .   .1
I     Mr*   V   i-!lrv« .,
j from h*>r hollttay w
j   HniM-rlnt-ndcnt Oratum It coding
Jd* «jfe m-j f«»»il> ui ih« C«a»t for
n f** wetdu.
J    VSimion of offki*™ tt-m t*k« pl*c«
...  * m*»t ttuu on HtMlay wmek
Vt-h. n, at 3 i».m.   Aii menbara nm
jv<iuri.*;<«:j to attend.
Aftor threo week* of hard work tlie
ano* plow r-wi«-hwl \"0. S mine, whkk
li onpooxo^i to hj m full twing byiMon.
day ntit
COAL CRIIK NOTM
Th*» mln»K »f.r»» fdl* from Mttmlay
,.ifuroo«n» tttiili :i p.-m.  Ttrowtav. tb* \
• ..■iw f;Hbn4inff -n* temteom It'
: •   '  ''-* T.tt.ti >. *.. tj Matin*.*..
|   T1i« iKiyal Order of 5too»c, Ferti'r
I      '■'*:   Hti-   **T*-*t.v'vg   SX    «nH»d   ttOfM
••■ '  - "■ "i- K*  »». hall for Mon-
ISIS THEATRE
ALWAYS
SpeelsU for Saturd«y Matinee and Bvettlns
Ttt* Great Sensational "Pilot" feature
The Streets of New York
A PARTS  3
A very fine dramatic film containing a great fire and rescue scene.
!
Special W«4a*sdmy
MifV-sUotis. iatofesUttt ud Fdnfatkiml FMhuw
w^^mm -r -ffivwwf    •*i^*^p» «wfHn w^*^tn w^wwti^^f^n^^w^mw   -v --.^^wi^pw m
Big Game Hunting1 in the
North Pole Ice Fields
TWO EEEIS
Tilt** '•V|'f<ltt)0!l XXH*. itlt***i U||| Ht « IHWf llf
^^M'"!** 11 ^-i-ur*' »»»«• «»f ifj«« moit iiiHrv-plUiui
pHur-r*! fwr mnde nml to capt nro  olivo
|Nvl)»r ?»tn»»'.--»f-» tn* nAtftttifh* rittrnmt**
MOTION PICFIidt 0AMGIN6 LESSONS
tbt Ttnfo, Tnrtoy tm ind Viennw Hoi>
»««?»..  Xp~ttr
Tlie intrtruriorx an? Wall.ni» MeCiitchtron
and Miaa .loan Hnwyer, tht* **mnthm of tho
Now York* Themrc Rm»f <*«rdon nnd I>ano-
intr itwebor* Ut tho "4fM> " Thoy ohnnr* #2S
for « ninfle Iwwn in any one of tha above
*\ntifitt hnf y*m frt al! ihrn* hfro for the
pri** «f ndfninaktn whifh. tm noonmil «f Hio
Ifrntt «'X|h-i»jm« of thia pi«'tur«>, will \t* 2.V.
8PFOIAL MATIlfBE AT 390
^gggtygij-^jL
wkjjgjlftMm ,',> ,-i   -".--fSK ,-.*N-.-j
- -j -AS.;•*».:
". j I '-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
PAGE FITS ^X-jrx.
■♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
■♦' ♦
•*- BELLEVUE NOTES     '     ♦
♦      " -     t
ft****.********-*
Marriage
At Cerro De Pasco, Peru, S. A., on
November 27, John Henry Brownrigg,
late of Bellevue, Alta., eldest son of
Mr.- and Mrs.'J. Brovrarigg, of Hcte-
■mer, iB. C, to Gladys, youngest daughter of the date Captain Griffith-Griffin,
of the British army, India," and \Mrs.
Griffith-Griffin, of New York. Mr. W.
R. Foster, late of Bellevue, Alta.,-acted as groomsman and -the bridesmaids were -Miss Ella Emmerson (also late of Bellevue) and Miss Margaret Vogel, all of Cerro De Pasco'.
The pages were Master Audi Brown
and Cyril Adams, a nephew of the
.bride. The honeymoon was spent in
Lima and the happy pair were the recipients of many handsome and -costly
presents.
Mr. John AJanbee, John R. McLeod
ahd Fred Padgett were at Cowley as
delegates from. Bellevue Order of
Orangemen oh Thursday last.
The hockey match between the
Bellevue colliery office and the office
staff of Blairmore played one of the
host hockey matches seen here this
season. The game was a fast one and
the Bellevue boys -were the winners to
the tuno of 4-3. The teams meet
again some time next week at Blairmore, when a good game is expected.:
Tom Burnett went to .Macleod on
business on Thursday.
Saturday was pay day at the min-es
hece, but as there is a large proportion of rhe men idle,things were quiot.
William Ohappel, jr.; left camp
Monday evening for Macleod, where
he will 'be tor a couple of days attending court.
Nerval Baptie, the fancy skater of
the world, gave an exhibition in the
local rink on Saturday evening.
Some of the clerks in Bellevue and
vicinity are contemplating looking for
a charter from the Clerks' Retail Association.
Tom Bradley was a visitor at Macleod this iweek on business.
The plotures at the.Lyric on Sunday
evening were,good and the music was
furnished by tlie six-piece orchestra.
(The Believue hockey team met the
Blairmore team Monday in the first
of a series of matches for the purse
of S1O0. The game was a fast one
from start to finish, both teams .patting up some good hockey. The first
r two perio&a ware without genre, hut
Correspondence
A circular from Secretary Bellamy,
of the Alberta Federation of iLaibar,
stating the slow hut sure growth of
that organisation, was very much ap-
morning, when everybody retired perfectly -satisfied.
A large number of Passburg people
took in the grand bail at Hillcrest oh
iMonday evening, including Mr. and
predated iby the Local, as tne are yet Mis. Rowell, Miss Bell and Miss Den-
waiting the r-eptfrt of our laat delegate
to the convention', which was held at
the "Hat." A letter was also read
from Solicitor Palmer informing ns
that one of our members' compensation cases will be -tried at Macleod
next month. The secretary was instructed to give the solicitor all the
necessary data.
Reports of Committees
The Pitt Committee reported that
at this particular time it was impossible for the quality of the house coal
to -be improved, but would, etc.
The Census Committee reported
that they had met on three different
occasions and had discussed pro ana
con the situation as It existed in Bellevue, and recommended the following
to the Local: That the secretary write
both the District and International officers, stating our case clearly, and to
apply ior exoneration for all those
who were idle for the whole month of
January. And further that he write
the District for relief to be sent in
by the 17th day of February. These
recommendations were agreed to.
The secretary was instructed also to
compile a census of the size of the
various, families.
nis.
•The stork was seen hovoring on
Monday' at Burmis and visited the
home of Mr. Tom Sloan and left behind a .bouncing baiby >boy. Mother
and child doing fine and Sloan all
smiles/
iMr. H. Cameron, of Beaver Dam,
Burmis, has obtained a contract to
supply the city with one thousand
tons of ice.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ LETHBRIDGE NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
3 mine resumed work on Sat-
last after being idle for ten
when the last period opened it was
with a dash and Blairmore made two
goals in quick time. The Bellevue
boys seemed to put some steam in the
play and succeeded in scoring two
goals in the last few minutes. This
made the game a tie. The boys are
to play the next g-ame at Blairmor*
seme time this week.
Mr, Sam Paton pulled up stakes on
Saturday and left for pastures new.
■■ Don't forget, the date of the hockey
dance. Monday, Feb. 16, in the Work-
era* Hall.
Tho government bridge and building gang have arrived and commenced to install the new bridge between
Hillcrest and Bellevue.
(Mrs. Robert Evans ig, Iiiid up with
Xo.
unlay
dayrf.
The new system of welding was a
failure, it ls Bald, owing to the awkward position of broken wheel, which
ultimate'}- had to be fixed by the
blacksmith, ft was a costiy experiment, especially for the men -working
there.
(The report of the Old Country football games every Saturday in the Her-
.  „ „ , ., aid, especially the cup ties, is creating
Acting ou the suggestion of one of consjderai,ie excitement on the Xorth
the Ledger scribes re the reporting of gMe of the traek; so uuch so that at
the conditions of the different camps |a meeting held last tfeek a good num-
from week to week, would say that the ,ber turaed out and fomed an n.
condition of this camp is not as bad ; izatUm which( by the enthuslasm
as it was last week at this time, as a j shown> has the hearty support of the
few more have been given work, but; resi(3ents on thI£ gWs of the track
we still have 20 per cent of our mem- • The deilth occurred of F. Emmileo.
•bershlp idle. a]l Italian, on Saturday, at Chinook.
The Pit Committee were instructed , The ,)0(Jy wa„ br0UgUt ,n t0 Kettenbv's
t'o -take up with the superintendent a j parlors> from whicb ptace the tme^\
case of discrimination against one of; took p]ace Tuesday afternoon. The
the brakemen In Xo. 1 mine. i exce]ient turn-out of his own countrv-
Then followed the paying of bills,! men was a tribllte t0 lhe esteem ln
selecting of Measuring Committee, \ which he was ,held The corteee was
Xo. 2 mine,-,and providing the sinews (headed ,by the city band> foUa;.ed tty
of yar for our delegate to the con- about 20 covered caches. The reversion, j majIls were fir8t, taken to the Roman
) Catholic Church and then to the Catholic cemetery.
on Monday night, which proved a huge
-suocess. .
An exhibition game of hockey was
played at Bellevue between that team
and iBiairmore on Monday night,
which, -after a hard struggle, resulted
in a draw 2-2. A replay will >be
played one night next week on the
Blairmore .rink.
The hall which is being fixed up
iby D. A. Sinclair, over the Blairmore
Hardware Co.'s store, is completed.
The electrical fittings, which are being put in 'by Olie OJson, of the Cement Works, will be completed this
■week.
Ling Dong, a Chinese resident of
Blairmore, has opened up a. large
restaurant in the store lately occupied
-by the Pioneer Furnishing Co., on Victoria Street
The Bellevue intermediates visited
Blairmore on Tuesday night and engaged the intenmediate hockey team,
of this town in a smart game, which]
resulted in an easy win for tha Blair-
! more kids.   The score was 5 to 1,
Sllvo   Grls,   manager  of   the   local
j Opera House,' paid a business visit to
j Cranbrook this week.
I    Mr. James Miliar, principal of the
Camrose normal school, has been appointed toy the -provincial government
to take charge of technical education
in this district.   Mr. 'Millar .will enter
his   new   duties  about   the   first  of
March.
A big temperance rally was held in
the Opera House on Sunday night, at
was superintendent at. Corbin about
two years ago.
William (McKeowen is back in town
from his trip to Toronto, having visited Ms parents. William looks all the
better for his trip.
Bill Savage is back in town this
week. The cold snap wasn't as good
as it was cracked up to be. Bill is
suffering a little from the effects of
the frost, but hopes to be alright in a
few days.
The final for the billiard tournament will he in next week's issue.
it came to 'our notico in the columns
last week that it would 'be best to
insert In the notes how the camps are
John -Ferguson is laid up with an
attack of pleurisy at present. Hop©
to see you around soon, Jack.
S. Trono, watch maker and jeweler,
of Blairmore, has started business in
Coleman.
There died with startling suddenness this morning (Wednesday, the
Hth), about five o'clock, Mr. P. Pi-
soney, butcher, of Coleman.' IMr. Pi-
soney has not been enjoying the best
of health for some time, bi/t no one
expeoted the end would come so sudden. 'Mr. Pisoney was of a very quiet
disposition, taking no active part in
tha town's affairs. He leaves a widow
and five children to mourn his loss.
G. Faleoner .was a guest at the Cole-
the  11th,
working. We may say Michel is working steadily, 'but there are lots of men j.man Hotel on Wednesday
out of work here—'men who are en-1 from Vancouver.
titled to work who have been laid off
—no places, but we are informed
there will be room for a good few men
after a while.
Xat Evans has blown in here this
week.   .Nothing doing down the line.
Mr. Joe James and Katie McKegin
took a trip to Edson, returning reduced in numbers—two became one. Bv-
erybody's doing it; get a move on,
Ross.
Why is it that all our young people
g to Edson or Edmonton to get the
knot tied when we have a J. P. with
us that can do the trick? Are they
afraid that it might end with twenty-
five and costs?
The return match of cribbage played by the Punch Bow! Club versus the
Workmen's Independent Club "ended
with another victory for the W. I. C.
The mining school conducted by
the heads of the different departments
is making good progress, and the
; teachers deserve much credit for the
! manner in which ilipy have carried it
■C. Maclean was also a sue.it in the .
Coleman   on   Wednesday,   the   11th, i      ug'
from Lethbridge Xow, boys, spring will soon be here
A.   Veitch   was  a   Coleman   visitor !aild  *e shou!d f ** t0«flher «fd
from Calgary and put up in the Colo-1"«? *hat..c?_n.!!e.f!o"':.!ow"r,,s ge,ttln8
♦ ♦
♦ Michel Local Union Notes      ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Regular meeting held at 2 p.m., John
Marsh, vice president, occupying the
chair. After- the usual Order of business, the secretary read out the grievances for the week, which -were satisfactorily -dealt with.
The Sick Committee's report was
'which F. C. Atkins, of Lethbridge, de- the next order of business and that
iivered an interesting and rousing [also met the approval of the meeting,
speech, the outepme of which was tlie j The quarterly statement of the Disorganizing of a branch of the Inde- j trict was read out by the secretary,
pendent Order of Good Templars In ; The outstanding loans of various ho- • These pictures hold the world's record
| Blairmore. The organization ceremony j cais were discussed, which it -was ex-if<>r continuous exhibition, having a
took iplace in the Miners' Hall on | plained would "come up for discussion | run of a year at the Lyceum in Xew
Tuesday night, and upward of twenty-j at the convention. 'York City aud the Holboru Empire,
; man. j
J    On   Sunday   night,   the   ir,th,   the;
* Knights of Pythias will assemble at'
j the Eagle's Hall for Church parade, at I
6.30, to c'ommemorate the fiftieth an- i
niversary   of   the   Order.   All   true J
knights will endeavor to turn out to :
make the parade as large as possible, j
When  in  Coleman don't forget  to !
visit the Coleman.   First class wines j
and liquors and first class table. Mr.>
G. Downing, manager. !
Coming  to  Coleman,  on  February ;
23rd    (don't   forget   the   date),   the
Rainey moving pictures.    These are \
the most thrilling and most exciting,I
pictures   ever   shown   in   Coleman.',
a hall.   It is up to yon.
(Continued on paso four)
^♦^.-^♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦:
♦ PASSBURG AND VICINITY    ♦
♦ By Observer ♦
♦ ♦
♦ <►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Inhabitants of Passburg have
decided at last -to petition the C. P. R.
to place an agent here. Whether the
petition will leave Passburg or nofwe
are not in a position to say. Experience ah-nya _tJMfMinpaln h»V"  fx'Piv-
four names 'were entered on the
charter application form. .Mr. Atkins
was unable to attend the meeting-on
Tuesday, but fortunately Mr. J. C.
English, chaplain to the Grand Lodge
at Edmonton, was in the vicinity and
was secured to perform the duties of
organizer. It was decided to call the
lodge the Victory Lodge of Blairmore
of the I. 0. G. T.( and will meet every
.Friday in the Miners' Hall on Victoria
Street.
A roller skating carnival will be
held -by the management of the local
Opera House on Tuesday night, Feb.
17, and they are doing everything fo
make  the  affair  a   success.    Prizes
whether there were or not. but wiU be a*"** «« »»8t dressed person, the best comic dress and to the
one wearing the best mask.
R. Ashcroft, a miner in Xo. 6 mine,
;had his foot badly crushed last week
]by a piece of rock falling on it.    He
was taken to the Gait hospital, where
;Dr. Church put the X rays on it to
ascertain  if   there   were   any  bones
broken.    The doctor did not let Bob
j know
' he  says   he  knows  there  is,  as  he
i could  feel' them   before it  began  to
ed very little attention ln the past, and
we are impressed that this one will'
be gl^en the same knock out blow
also.
The mines around here are still idle
and no one seems to have any idea
when they will start ,up again. Burmis
Colliery worked one day iast week;
■ swelFso much. Bob seems to be ra-
, ther unfortunate,! as it is not long
since he resumed work after being off
work six weeks by having the same
foot crushed in a similar manner.
Hard lines. Bob, but we hope to see
London, England.    Tlie popular manager  of the  Coleman  Opera   House,
i .lack Johnston, has spared  no  pains
I to  secure these  marvelous   pictures.
I so don't forget the date. Feb. 'Jllrd.
+. + + + + + + + + + 4. + +
♦ ♦
♦ Carbondale Local Union Notes ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«►♦♦
We want the members of our Local
Union to notice that all members
working three shifts will have his
Union dues stopped. The motion was
passed at the last Union meeting.
Those who are not in favor of it kindly attend the meetings; it will give
those who usually attend a great deal
more satisfaction and business may
^ieet with better results.
Hermon Elmer, secretary, boards
the passenger on Saturday night en
route for Lethbridge  to  prepare for!
the convention. John Newman was | Mr- Kid, of Edmonton, representing
appointed secretary pro tem. during |thp Edmonton Capital,, was in town
the absence of secretary. | this week.
The Finance Committee have been i -Son':>' <•'<> see so many of our single
rather lacking in their duty, -but pleas-1 »»en getting laid off. Better take a
ed to say most of them have put in ! hint, boys, and not let it happen again.
annearance  this   week.     The   LocaLi Dejinje _^j^taat_Ma^uttidyL-jaLj^k-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ POCAHONTAS NOTES ♦
♦ By "Gip the Blood" ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Realty Co.
INSURANCE   AGENTS
Now is  tlio time
for protection
you around again soon. j    The regular meeting  was  held on
A fracas occurred  in  Xo.  6  wash j February 8. the vice president In the
Maple .Leaf and Passburg looking on. iholIseon Monday morning, when Mike j chair.    The minutes of the-previous
Odr. ami Mrs. James Thomson, of and Saxa ^ernachuk'blazed (Mike Pin- meeting were read and adopted.   Tho
the Columbia Hotel. Elko, B. C„ are u* witl1 a piece ot PslllnK on the head j correspondence, which was of a very
kindly instructed the secretary to notify them, -which they promptly responded to except one.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
-*            COLEMAN NOTES -**+-
♦ **♦.<> + •-»*** + +.*
On Saturday,  pny day,  the 7th,  a
collection was taken up on behalf of
uests at   the   Passburg ' Hotel" this nnd -shoulders. The tvix> brothers were) slight nature,  was read and  passed j Harry Wheatcroft. who, it will be re
taken ln charge by the':Mounted Po-
Howe. of Frank, was down !,ce"and before Inspector Lindsay on
week.
th« Pakaburg Hotet. ; each and ^costs.
We aro sorry to learn that Mr. Tom \   An accUtant occurred to a driver in
niiM-.-u was conveyed to the Sana- \N<> 6 mint °» MondaJ" *oren«°n **
tori im <m Friday lajt, being unable to
being caught between a door in the
Mme himself -through rheumatism,    if* «f Cutting and his empty car.HU
,    The reguiar meetin, of  ^^ruiS^^^l^V'^S^
Remember the Sunday School anniversary service* on Sunday, March 1.
There will be 'big »ervices In the afternoon and evening -with a larRe children'-* choir. J. P, Weatman, of Cnlgary, will Tbe the -speaker for th« day.
Mi» Dori« Bateman and Mis* Winnie Dioken celebrated their birthday
on Tuesday.
Mr. Cleovland has arrived Ih camp
and intends ataylng for a time.
.Mr. Arnold Grundy haa moved in
the house lately vacated by Mr. Jack
Tennan*. {Mr. Tennant and family
hav« moved ba^k to Lethbridge,
Mr. Robert Conley it visiting at
Pincher Creek for n few -daya.
Bill Christie, who baa been In Cal-
«ary for the Itut year or *o, returned
to camp for a vacation.
Don't forget the grnnd matquemdo
carnival at the rink on Feb. 1». Com*
and have a good time. Bring your
heat girl.
I
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ iellavu* Local Union Notaa    ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Our martini convened a* usual,
with the vie* president in the chair
and only a meatr* attendance, which
caused, aa t* generally th# eaa**. a
dull mooting.
The minute* df til* previous meet-
lac were adoptod aa read.
The examination fpr third class or
fire boaa papers will b« held Thurg-
la grippe.
Frank visitor on Saturday. Sunday m m lm   m9 unfortun. |fo«- days.
ately unable to transact any 'business !
because a quorum could not be found, i ,    .. ,...        , .   ,.      ,     ,
But if therein* any serious trouble!^ «,™\™* jt*\?!™ taS^
with each riem-ber, we would have
be<»n in a position to exert nnd e*or
else our lungs, instead of allowing
them to lay dormant in  tome old
shack or oilier,   if we workers Intend
for udvunconu'iu. we must endeavor
to create and perform a duly which,     ,,     _.„    .     .        ,..,„,
ahall nnd will he beneficial to wary- 7Uv« fJJ"? ,n p,aee of Mr' J" °,en-
dne concerned.   Nowadays th«.tnui» ,"'?;. re8lgnea'  „
workers are fairly well In dreamland, L T^Z^m'!, T^T TT
and the man with the ability.to arouso! ° ^ taking hold of our fonlMMk.
them can congratulate taimaWf a* be-1 ,_*..m**l8:
ing a genius,
Mr. Frank Allan, the genial mixologist of the Passhurg Hotel, who lias
been suffering for the laat week with
lr grippe. Is seen ou Itis fe«t nn*nt.
Mr. J. Jackson, of Marsden ranch,
StMiiit V*i)-k, irivuitlu itt tt beautiful
for   discussion.    A .number   of   bills; niernhered,  met  with a  serious acci-
.were submitted  and  Handed  to  thej dent some time  ago at  DninihiUier
or's office in the Court House. There
are quite a number of candidates from
Hardivllle, where there has been a
class held for some time under the
tuition, of J. Stevenson, pit boss,
.1,   iteston   haf   been   engaged  as
manager of Xorth Lethbridge Co-op-
finance committee, if found correct
to he paid.
The president. J, 0. C. McDonald,
returned from the International convention, but was indisposed and was
not present to give nn account of the
proceedings.
(Matters are very quiet at preaent,
but the mine In going fairly well, notwithstanding the mild winter.
Quite a, large number of men have
been laid off In the various camps,
but this has not in any way affected
onr ijocal so far and It is hoped will
not do so
ns It Is understood the
Roumanians have already taken over
Mike IMJchak'a old pool roon* stand
for the purpose of opening a store in
the near future. It is stated thst tor*
ty of them have oirvaiy subscribed
lino each towards that end. We wl*t\j
Ax\\\ every suvtcas in iliC tu-tiu-t**. ,
A number of the miner* who have 1
collieries. The amount collected was
about ¥130.
An Old Country dance will take
place in the Opera Houbc, Coleman,
on March nth, St, Patrick's pay.
Everybody welcome,      -
'Mra. John Hopkins and her two
daughters, Lily and Florence, left on
Sunday morning's passenger for Spokane to give evidence ln connection
with the suit Kennedy vs. C. P. R.
(Mrs. Edward Eacott was also a passenger on the same business.
On Sunday night, thc $th, a runaway
took place; when Mr. James Hilling
gars is getting low. He wants a few
more crib and iwhist contests.
All the members of the class in first
aid under Dr. Snyder passed their examinations with honors.
The entertainment given ln aid ot
the striking miners on the Island was
a great success. The sum of $170 was
taken in.   Well done, boys!
It is a pity to see a horse wandering around the place not fed or cared
for. We want an officer of the S. P.
C. A. here.
The one that took the coal should
have told his roan not to give the show
away,
The crowded condition of our school
should have the serious consideration
of every man in camp and something
done to remedy it.
Vou cannot afford
Ar0ll
-to
=«U-,
'insu-wireu-
can   protect
Agents for Oliver Typewriter
Co. Machines at 17 cents per
day.
After the correspondence had been {and Mr. Jack Dluney were driving in I
discussed, a motion being * in order from Mr. Wheutcroft's. Coming down j
the me«tin« udjourued until Feb. 23, (the hill opposite Mr. Kacott's tho hors- j
at i |».m.. alien the president will ad-jes took fright and bolted, throwing'
drws the nu-elng re the convention, ithe occupant* out und smashing the
AA-A_AAAA^^'A sleigh. Fortunately the gentlemen es-
2***^*^^^^^^2! caped with nothing more than a fright.
Mr.  A,   McLeod,  Mr.  Joe Stephen- [
son and ». H. Hyslop left on Monday t
♦
MICHEL NOTES
♦ ♦♦♦♦
It is announced that Mr, Hernard
Caufleld, suiterinte'ndent of the Michel
mines, is takltia up the position of *»■
perlnfpndon' **' th" t'onl f'rootr. mhn*-
succeeding  Mr.  John  Hlmnks,  wlnv j
night's -passenger  to  attend  a  Jury;
trial In Macleod, i
The Tom (Marks company becupird i
the stage of the Opera  House  with
"The Koanry" before a crowded houne i
on Friday, the 1th '
The stork paid a visit -to the home'
LYRIC
THEATRE
Bellevue
Alt*
Saturday, February 14th, we will
•tthttw n x*rr tnmoitintttii throti
not tfmwmtth tt&tnm ■:   t   t
Dusuirs W. J. Boras ia tkt
Big Land 8wi*dk
This film is the one thst produced a -world-wide senstttoft shortly titer ths MeN'smsr* dynamite
*nn* In "1 <n# A ttw*f**.
He sure sad b* st the show on
xh* nistit c-f F^brnsrv 11th whon
th*-drawls* for th* IT, Mil will
take piste, tkmntmn will win
snd tt ini*M be fan.
LYRIC THEATRE CO,
C. W JOKlOTOf,        Htrntt*
ea«l« which was caught In b trap and K_ "!!f„„L^, l°»h "!hi* JJ*. Sl*» *«* Informed, is iskln* up a po*d- !*t Mr. Alex. Gsstom, late of foieman.,
sold It to Mr W Imuran, of the Pass- ;**" ^i"S!l ?",h IH 1'? i^f  llu* iu the li.useau mme.. X W» »•«»• *» WinUiu. Mouuns. and ,
H. C. GOODE VE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware
Furniture
We will furnish your iiou»«» from cellar to garret and at bot.
torn prices.   Call, write, plume or wire.    All orders given
prompt attention.
If you *rn satisfied, tell others.   If not satisfied, tell us.
Coleman
Alberta
burg Hotel.   The bird measures si*
feet three inches from tip to tip.   It's
a fine sfiecimen of the eagle tribe-
Mr. Richard Besrd and family left'
for -Michel,* II. €., with the intention
of staying permanently.  We wish you
success, Dick, in your undertaking.
Mr. Thos, N'snson, fire boss at the
Passbuni mines, has severed his connection with ths Uitrti Coal Company
and Intends -taking up a similar post
tion in the northern field. ,
Mr. James  llopp* left  here  last'
wetfc for hut.*: sse-ei home. * hit-It 1st
ar Red tmr. I
Tbe dano* which was held In «lo- j   u Dutil returned this week from
vak Hall Saturday night was enter;Quebec, where he has spent the last
mining to * hut* number sfw a I fire week* with relative*
whole week's rest,    the Coram or-1   N'omt Bapcle, the world's ehnm-
ebestrw was la attendance. pion skater, gste s moat »uc*e**ftit
It ii rumored that ths l»as**hutfwl«rt»fM»to-n on *h* >«*"»« «fr«t««*i<* «•♦■»->*
have withdrawn and with the members who quit when they Joined In
with the eity are now getting together with the object of having their
own mln*rs' band again.
Robert Held pulled out on last Friday's local for his old home, Glasgow.
Scotland. Rob says there Is no place
like home
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
■LAIRMORt NOTIt ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A grand billiard tournament is tak- j »*l ■ Wg hoowtag boy. Mother and
Ing place in l-o-ekharfa pool room..!«*«W are boih well,
Keen Interest was shown by the Ml* \ *'r T. W. ffcivls. manaa«r of the
chel hoys afw the handicap had I "hating Unit, is at prewnt rnufinM in
started on Monday last. The follow- jthe Miners' Hospital with an attack
ing sre the winners of th** first round !of IMiwnonia. Ulwt reports an-
at pnmmtt Andy Mltch#li, A. Knill. I »«•»« hin» *ut of »» datt*w
On go-turday. »h# Ttli. Vruiik Ituylon
was brought t»efore A. M, Morrlwn.
J i',. an a (Uarge of beins wn<i«-r th*
infiw n<* of drink s-nd disorderly, m\
was fined 12 snd cost*
TVmi JSoralos was brought up on a
«mtiar charge and h»d to fork out f 2
H. Jenktnsnn. P. Whit*. Tom Vates.'
J. Caufleld, J Waddlngton, Wm. Por- j
tw, Albert  M«orw»,   lohn   Prl^t*. »r, j
lohn Pri-ce. .r )
Item—To Mr. and Mr. M. I.yon#, on j
flat unlay, n son. Mother and babv ■
d'Qln* very *'(*•)!• '
Kvwrybody l««»Wn« fonrsrt to fh*«««^ «"»t»
foottall h»B^» social on th* lt*h r*h. \   »• P*ttmkio was, on the 9th, i hsrg-
Tom Marks snd h»s wimpany mv* a '**   *«h  »««a«!tlntt  Mike  PmtwMi*.
two-ntghf pptfornwtipp In the Qp^-a ;-'w» wa* fln*«T ll md costs
Hows* on PYMay snd Unturdsy last !    •'•» •»  PMrosW was up on « utmflsr
Os   Wednesday   nisht   Xstsl   wn»\**»r** »■* **• •««» ,ln'4 •* *,",
His iw»rfonii*lcwwl in * small shed *<<Mol*tBe tt»i    »•«•» '**w*«* «*» ■'» '*'» *" im i
i m.v« *** ■»*»******. *j a -wwrge trtiwd, i Mmi   i*>otxt»*tu   Hoti4.   *h*rm <»*» , ■»»» t»»t»e »*»»» « «»v um> *«• amusrs ,
5and, providing ihat conditions will rw, who ^rocfjlined the various teats as stow a amali qusatlty ot gasoline. T., *Bf *******    _ ,
tmt tn normal. ! wonderful " 'ft.it* ^w«,irt»wWwlr*     «   »*   McR#«»*   »*v*«   t**»** ;
A grand eonewn, smoker Md dunce. |   J. W. fireshsm left on 8mdey lastiumn retnntinir abevt mMnltht from «**«** "•kw *B4 «H»H«to». of l^th-
which was held In UamhlU's. Holir« j for ftpoksne. where he w«| sw^r as 1 OM Michel, d!#<wer»d the mttbreak " W***, has tsl»*n ov»r the bnsiness •
►'let*., n»d»r the ««snt^e« of tb^ I* F x wttrtr.— no rtm r>i»r. w«•*-..*,**-.* ■■    r*
tjachttorm proved s httfe success and j V. tt.. nrhich Is being besnf there
a tery  enjoy*M*  Urns   wss  spent'    Th* nUlnnorw hock#y clwb Jourr.^y
Thos* whs  were
concert and also
program war* Mr.
-occupied tb* chair
tb* lengthy protram
pn>vii«S*« tor a King * mourn* I' ihere;    ll. m.  1-hfcld. of tb« Keystone tv
was • ll'tle champagn* mi th* table; i m*nt  Co..  who  ar*  rtmwtnieitfny a
591
F. H. Thompson Co.
•^Tlic Quality Store'
We Realize the Hard Times and Trust the
Following Prices will Help Some
t**mtAi*n§ wmmmtm intend* boMtac aton Thursday nlgbt last.
.luit^ma.-iJi' lv*,'.J 4,*.v iim  A.ii» **i J»«- . *,*,(;« *m **vtt«a*«tf-flj
•«f.   **,
for ih* nhl*. manner they worhed to!   0» XmU? Risbt about o ovtock,
ftttlnnwMi tho tit*, whkh -otherwJwe^w^^lw'heM^Jinivray Cro*V Cos!
n&i twottn*4 ttt her ho4 »*si«.sfJ b*' Ilr i'****b *
IM Ubmiik, -mh-hi »«»i»-«f«-i, ,imr» WiH-'tttin
Hams, song;  Xat Evans, song;  Nod town !«« wmh.
WcKWnsm.   song;    U*w*l>n    Kvsas. ■    "Vt:* Rowry.*
t Wo hrtjio *t* -»••-*" to*'-r *<W3t><i tttn1.** mitin
iBW1', sp*m s*t'»rs» day* srovnd',    Mr*.   iff*i>h   IAIW   end   Ivy   h*f
by B4**f,1 e. nm*.
son* <e«c«rel; Tom leyshon, #<>«*:?»«# pmrimwd *t tfti- local fljK-m
\*t liowvgs, r<rtlu:iur>. J. Tho*M«, t Horn** mt Monday night and mn* »!'■
son*: J* H««*Ii.*, «w»f T. v-turnm. In**nn*4 hy • >schf4 h*tm** ■»»-! n♦■»")•
mnn" lltib Iwim, sobs*   After ps-rtsk-fbodv d*c!ar*»f it if* he fM ho** ^r
imt  "t  rf-frv-fhmefl's  th*  ftonr   ws* ir-ycr pr-ffortaed la maimers*.
|ei»ai*d and dancing comm«u»»l, ■#m-\   Hwrnrnl mtpl** tnm Wnlrmorf at-
l.'-itulHir until tli>« -f'-trly Itenrs ot th*« *««!i 1 ih** hix>k«<y dan*1** sit Hiiltr»i
I '.
dawgbt*r »r» Msrdfsg th*
[f&t   tb*-   <fV*-J   r«*if,*ry «*
!tiljrht. aci-onvianl'-d by Mr.
■Iflf-Wr-y. »if Jlpsrvwrf
ftatwds>
and 'Mi*.*
■ht.fo.r-f .-.sir
hemiAtnil    If* !» nr^s*.
Mr  stjd Mr*,  t.^n..
Monntalfl Park, sre
van *t1r>'« v'.tjfiTi* %\A
An ftns-man
* !•*'
*,t-i'.\»'
KiVi> Vt"**. ,ti..l M*i\,i„ IJm.mI Klxnr                          '•* jl)*.
1340
11. 1*. Hnjrar ... per JS* H*».
13fi
Rum l,.**il>«      ,      ] |l,   |i,,,1.;■)•#'
35
UlUi- Ui!il»<i»* Ti-H .i iim.
9b
AH'offer    dill' l|«l|  S|ir,j,||                                            ,      (>,-£•   iii
.30
Itnkiiitf INitrtlcr ., A .. Ul «>z*
.15
.->...«,«..»,   -i.l,  1   .Hj.l.I.I    |* H»i    rllul    l.lll.Ui    IM'iflill     	
.16
t»
■'  ' ■-' .,,...,...   |»'l   --Aii
.iv
Si, ("U,tr)t % l 'r„iu, , „ , , .. it tor
I.OO
i'ntuuift First i*r*-*t>"                     "SO1*   y-- ■-.**: -r _ f »
25
.36
Whit- ft.>uti«                          1 f,.v
J5
.   ,,.    . .,»>. .,,..,»   .,....,..,    |M-»'   Mt.
iU
«'i«»kitiif Ap|f)«'s 4 f<»r
25
i >ll|lt|M   ,.   .,....."• |!»«. ful*
*!*"'
.«•»
Simki-t tH itt tit i"*. hia*' "*m<* |»er •l«»/«*-ti
25
Al l»»ttv Hiuter -■	
30
HrwtkfiH.1 ( n-itiii. rv Ittsf l«-r                            2 lb*. f«»r
75
T. Kt****rt ** «»h*i** ut* tb* f«*}tm«
nf ttfpfrtntcTiifwt nf ih"- Mlfhol mJi...-
l\o Is weil kfe*»*a Ui ib* 1*.*** jt.-l
.Qmrrv m**
#
Iha't forpt oar 5 *p.c* discount far Cash on all Groceries
All Heavy Rubbers St Winter
Clothing  At Cost Price
^m^9mmmmmmm»mmmm4t999999m^m9,mrmm9m9^mmmmm9^9mm-9999^99mmmm9mmmmmm4m49mmmmm
T. M. THOMPSON CO.
iHH motif, TMAT8AVE8 VOO MOKEY
Phone 25      Victoria St.       Blairmore, Alta.
W
%
iiTi. v.,
*.*%'<
■r.'^f
•&   .-
•if f
,^-T>:» -Nm. t-.-i's.'*'- .J. ,
;S6Vh*1
-.-r*-r
l
ii
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
j? .-»-
yxM
s-   "   < An
$$^*$\'t*
-r. i
if
t'-a-irV1-'0
AxXX7
The Ladies in this Town are Simply Going Wild
over Harmony Hair Beautifier. And no wonder, because to make
the hair lustrous, soft and silky we believe there's nothing else—
and we sell about all the various hair preparations made—that anywhere near comes up to Harmony Hair Beautifier.
Ask any one of the many women in this town who use it—
she'll tell you she "loves" it. Just look at her hair, and you'll come
to us and get some yourself.
HARM
HAIR BEAUTIFIER
Is just what its name implies.—Just to make the hair glossy, lustrous, more
beautiful.—-Just to make it easier to dress, and more natural to fall easily and
gracefully into the wavy lines and folds of the coiffure.
It leaves a delightful fresh and cool effect, nnd a lingering, delicate perfume.
Will not change or darken the color. Contains no oil; therefore doesn't leave the
hair sticky or stringy. Simply sprinkle a little on your hair each time before
brushing it. But first, make sure that your hair and scalp are clean, hy tiding
Harmony Shampoo
—A liquid shampoo to keep the hair clean, soft, smooth and beautiful. It gives
an instantaneous, rich, foaming lather, penetrating to every part of the hair and
scalp. It is washed off just as quickly, the entire operation,taking only a few
moments. It leaves no lumps or stickiness.—Just a refreshing sense of cool, sweet
cleanliness.—Just a dainty, pleasant and dean fragrance.
—Boith in odd-shaped ornamental bottles, with sprinkler tops.
Harmony Hair Beautifier. $1.00. Harmony Shampoo,   50c.
Both are guaranteed to please you, or your money back.
These Stage Beauties Endorse Them
There is no dass of women who know better how to discriminate in the use of things to make
them more beautiful than actresses. Among the many celebrated stage beauties who use and
enthusiastically praise both Harmony Hair Beautifier and Harmony Shampoo are:
ETHEL BARRYMORE
Star In "Tante," Empire Theater, New York.
ELSIE FERGUSON
Star in "A 8tnwte Wotaio," Lyceum, New
York.
LOUISE DRESSER
Star in "Potash and Perlmutter," G. M. Cohan
Theater, New York.
LAURETTE TAYLOR
Star in "Pet o' My Heart," Cort Theater, New
York.
NATALIE ALT
Star in "Adele," Loncaera Theater, New York.
ROSE COGHLAN
sstar in "fine Feathers," now touring the United
States.
Sold only at the more than 7000
Stores.
Ours is the
Store In this Town
N. E. Suddaby,      Druggist
FERNIE, B. C.
Tke Rexall Store
•«
plant aad discharge his -workers. But
the (principle .was tbe same. Th© -potentiality for production, for (production greater than the market could absorb, 'was there as before, but as it
could- oot Ibe used, the effect -was exactly the same upon the workers as if
the'great ans^ss of surplus products
which appearedi in all former crises,
had actually been produced. The *po-
teatiaMtyi far reproducing was there,
■but no prospective profit in -sight to
iwarrant the -industrial . capitalist in
'permitting goods to be produced1. The
financial capitalist waa the first to see
this—he was looking' primarily after
his own -profit—and by declining to
loan his capital in a market that he
saw clearly would be glutted, compelled the industrial - capitalist to shut
down. This he was impelled to do,
as we have eeen.'by the inherent, laws
of capitalist production itself. - To violate them would mean bankruptcy anti
ruin for himself, and would prevent
the coming of the industrial depression uKtaiately, though it -might at
most delay it for a short time.
Socialist Explanation Still Holds
But does this change warrant the
assertion that the theory of accumulating in-disposable surplus .as the
basic cause of industrial depressions
must ibe abandoned? Not at all. As
a matter of fact, the surplus- product is
there under another form. Instead of
ibeing incorporated visibly in the form
of a vast mass of directly consumable
commodities, It now takes oa -the appearance of a mass of surplus means
of production; -surplus railroad's, mills,
mines, factories and plants of all
kinds. Every factory with a padlock
and a shut-down notice on its gates
was, in 1907, a surplus factory—surplus means of production; every
"dead" locomotive engine and idle box
car told the same story; every particle ot the Idle means of production -testified to the same Indisputable fact.
■For the past twenty years, 'perhaps
the largest part of the labor power expended by the workers has been, expended upon bringing into existence,
not directly consumable commodities,
but means of production—material (or
producing -these commodities. The entire productive plant of the nation has
(been tbuilt and rebuilt again during
that time. Vast masses of old machinery of production have ibeen scrapped*, and again and again new machinery of far greater productive power
has taken its place. Again and again
this process has been repeated*, iu fact,
it may -be said to be continuous process. The majority of workers found
employment in producing this 'means
of production; the minority only were
employed- in producing commodities
for direct consumption. With this vast
mass of improved machinery and
means of production, we were, as the
capitalist press Informed us, to conquer the onarkets of the world, and
visions of commercial 'bliss rose before tbe gaze of the great capitalist as
he dreamed bf world commercial supremacy. But he didn't capture the
markets of the -world. The "world*"
meaning by that term other capitalist
communities, had no intention ot being captured. They were out, in fact,
to capture, also. Thej', too, .built ever
new and1 improved means of production as our capitalists -did, and with
the same Utopian object In view. And
wheu the production of this vast mass
"of .means of production^ had_reactoed_a
Can tite Capitalist Create
or Avert Industrial Crises?
* BY  JOSHUA  WAKHOPE
tfMMMMM*My*yv¥¥¥*syMyM**MMMMM*y*yMy*yMy
(Continued from last we&)
The All-8eelng World Financier
This simply means tbat the great
financier -must be as familiar as possible 'With the condition of the markets both present and prospective. If
he sees no sufficient market ahead
for the goods which his would-be debtor Intends producing, he will not loan.
Ant! the fact is today that the great
financial capitalist, tbe Rockefeller,
•Mbrgan or Rothschild, has a far more
accurate outlook upon the market,
iboth present and prospective, than tbe
industrial capitalist wbo desires to
•borrow from him. It Is his special
business to know, or else he cannot
Invest his capital with reasonable safety, lie get* the most reliable Information from the most capable hired experts, His keen financial eye scons
the entire world market and every.
tiling connected therewith. He .must
and does make himself acquainted
(with the financial and political outlook
everywhere. lie Is the first capitalist
who hns hn«| forced upon him tho
necessity of understanding world politics, the first -capitalist who must become, whether or no, u world politt-
•dan. His business interests Imperatively demand it. It is for this reason
thtt we find Monrnii hobnobbing with
Kaisers and Csam aud Pope* nnd such
<Wke, nn well as th-Klr prim* ministers,
statesmen snd diplomats.
Siting Up tht Borrower
Fur lu*iauce, vsha-t flu*uui*l wniUni-
1st would have lent, say. $100,000,000
to the Turkish Government for war
PUMmmh^ in vlww of what h»» hn-n-
petted In the tlolkans? Xo Monwn or
RothiK.-lill.tl would fall Into such a trap,
•but we don't blame th* ureal financiers of Kuroiw for thn* praetical destruction of the Turkish power in
Rtirop*. Imvuu«» thoy "dffprived" thnt
governm-wit of money that it needed
to remain In exlstewe.   Th*y would
Illustrations From 1907
To Illustrate from the crisis of 1907.
Why was credit 'withheld froni the
Westinghouse Company? It twos uot
Insolvent, yet it went into the hands
of the big financial combination dominated hy 'Morgan, as everybody
knows. It la evident enough that the
credit was .withheld because the financial capitalists applied to decided that
the prospects were hot good for future
•business In the Westinghouse industry. They -could not see adequate markets for its products ahead, and would
not risk their capital. It was a bad
investment simply because the -markets were failing and they knew It.
They also owned a similar competing
industry, the General Electric, and»tbe
market was not sufficient for two,
Uut the Westinghouse people had to
have the money and could not carry
ou business without it. The other fellows knew that, too, and advanced
none, knowing that the property was
.bound to gravitate Into their hands.
An Imaginary Rsvsraal—What Thsn?
Now, let us look at the other side of
the -matter. Imagine that all this had
been reversed and, idotic as the action
may seem, that the financial capital-
bits had actually lent their money to
all manufacturers who applied for It
lu l'jOT, Uie Weslltifthouse, of course,
it may ibe that Morgan could have
refused to take the Tennessee Coal
and Iron- Company or the Westinghouse plant, but only In the sense that
he could Jump into the Atlantic if he
-saw fit. Any .man can commit suicide,
but no one in his right -senses will, and
even if he does, that doesn't change
anything whatever,
While the 8ystem Lasts
Morgan, the man, Is dead, tout the
social force known as the Morgan
combination is still hero and win be
hero until,4he end of the capitalist
system comes. We shall, If aU signs
do not fall, speedily have another Industrial depression, preluded probably
'by the usual -financial panic, and there
is no risk whatever in predicting that - no(th.ir „„,. ,.__, •„_.„.„♦ lt mi,-
.when tt has passed, the Morgan «m.i"tltr!LX, $ SSm !t* T£»
blnatlon wUl be found in possession | ^f^f u™ „<* . ™fiLW\.,!K2 &
of another additional booty as large,
of commodities stops. The- workers,
with their subsistence wages, cannot
buy them 'back. The capitalists who
own them cannot dispose of them,
and, consequently, must go bankrupt
and their means of production fall into the hands or their bigger brethren,
the financial capitalists. It is the law
of the Jungle 'working out In practice.
To him that hath shall be given, and
from him that hath not shall ibe taken,
even that which he hath. Morgan
must own America whether he likes
lt or not. The-i-e Is no one else bo
take tt until Uie masses become intelligent enough to perceive the possibility of Socialism, and the process itself tends—though slowly—to make
them see it The ultimate factor in
the process is the worker—the actual
producer—but he has not as yet entered into the situation intelligently.
He at present suffers—and learns.
Past and Present Crises
•The prime, essential, basic cause of
the recurring Industrial crisis has not
changed in a century. The Impossibility of disposing of the accumulated
surplus, remains and'will remain -while
tlie competitive wage system exists.
No individual capitalist or group of
capitalists    is    responsible   tor   It,
or perhaps larger, than that wliich
.was thrust upon him in 1901—Industrial manufacturing plants, railroads,
mines, and other things of that nature.
They will be simply handed over to
them for the reason that there is no
one elm to take them, as, of course,
at present we will not hear of collective ownership for one moment. If
the American people do not want to
own their country tnd its resources
collectively, then Morgan, Rockefeller
Included. What-would happen? These and a few others—getting ever fewer
ii.tiuf-Kiurty* -n-QU-id no qu '.vt * vittm! '"W <■>'*» them latJMtSiulb. Tht.'jj
all right, -but when the market failed*
as it was ukhmu-ly bound to. tlie In-
'htfttr.ttl u«pr«'*»ion would have arrived just tho same, and not b«tog able
to imy back the loans, the financial
cnnllalittts. the Morgan*, would hsve
got their property anyhow. In a busl-
n«ss M*om they would simply have to
take tt. We do not blame the small
orwlltors when they divide the debtor's entate among them when he cannot pay. Why should we Warn* th«
big ones? The condition Is exactly
the same In 'both esses.
Financial Attraction ef Gravitation
api'tirent, great power which the
trust magnate and world financier
wields in consequence nas no effect
whatever in preventing the crisis, It
simply changes the form to some extent, but the effects remain exactly
the same. The crisis has the two
main effect* of still farther concentrating capital by crushing out the
weaker capitalists and starving—and
thereby educating—masses of workingmen through unemployment.
reftaaimeTOilte stage and was Ibeing
prepared to go full'blast in producing
it was found that the market showed
signs of saturation, that, in short,
there -was no way of distributing that
enormous prospective surplus at a profit. The competitive .wage system
would not permit it. Then -there was
nothing tor it hut to stop—and stop
means the -industrial depression, The
results to the 'worker and to the small
capitalist, however, are absolutely the
same—unemployment and starvation
for the one, ruin and bankruptcy for
the other, while the process of centralization of capital, proceeding at mich
times at an ever more rapid rate,
throws into the lap of the great financial capitalist—our hypothetical Morgan—the means of production ot his
smaller brethren, who are not able to
use it, because the financier on whom
they depend for capital forbears loaning, knowing that tbe world market,
saturated to the point of glut, cannot
possibly absorb the new volume of
products which the manufacturer Intends to throw into it, When the prospect of profits fades away, the Industry stops, as industry, under capitalist
conditions, la conducted primarily for
profits, and win not be conducted
without it.
Surplus Means of Production
There is, then, overproduction, principally In the -means of produotion.
The Socialist theory of the surplus
was never confined to masses of directly consumable commodities, or
means of subsistence alone. R Involves the machinery for producing
these commodities likewise, The reader may note that Bagels, nearly forty
years ago, In writing of the crisis, saw
this, and distinctly Included means of
productions M a part. If not tlie principal part, of the stuipltu which torn
perfhious; and tbe trust proves this
(by shutting up such plants the inartamt
it gets bold of them, That is .what ie
called "destroying competition." In
short, the trust Is the sign' of the industrial .maturity of a capitalist com-.
munity*. just -as the appearance of tbe
beard on tho face of the youth -is a
sign tihat he is evolving into manhood;
The machinery of ^production has- 'been
about completed*, and the next step,Is
to utilize it for- the benefit of -all,
which, of course, will involve Socialism for Ms fullest realization. But we
can see this pantioalar tendency already glimpsed in the capitalist mind*,
by the "state Socialist", schemes of
Roosevelt, the suggestions of government control of tbe trusts from Gory
and others, and' the maundering of
Perkins -about profit sharing as the
solution of tbe problem ot labor and
capital.
Deductions and Conclusions
And now. we are in a position to
condense the general conclusions arrived- at from the foregoing examination. In, direct refutation of the theory
of "artificial" crises, they may -be thus
stated:
Modern industrial crises are natural,
not artificial.
They are the result of overproduction, but this term must be understood
in its widest application, aB It has been,
treated In the foregoing observations.
Capitalism is Ibeing strangled by the
vast productive forces it has created.,
and every Industrial depression draws
the noose tighter around its neck.
No capitalist, group of capitalists or
all capitalists combined, can avert industrial depression, and conversely, no
capitalist, group, of capitalists or all
capitalists combined, can creat It
The power of the capitalist in this
matter is -altogether Illusory.
The basic cause of tbe industrial crisis lies in the sphere of production,
not ln that of circulation.
The "financial panic" has no necessary vital connection with tbo industrial depression. It may be -mitigated
or perhaps obviated by currency reforms and the improvement of ibonik-
-ing systems, -but even so, this will
have no effect whatever ln averting or
creating industrial depression.
No joggling with money or credit
can prevent industrlail crises.
If there Is any benefit from the
money legislation now under consideration by Congress, it .will benefit,the
financial caipitalists, preferably) the'big
ones. It will not 'benefit the industrial
capitalists, nor the workers, and it
may be doubtful if lt will 'benefit any
class ln particular, though it is an at-
-tempt to safeguard the 'financial capitalist. But the mere faot that amy
capitalist group tries to protect itself,
is no certain evidence that it will succeed in so doing.
Why the Delusion Persists
A few words may be in order here
as to the general reasons for the persistence of -this delusion regarding the
•power ot the capitalist to avert or create industrial depression.
That it arises primarily from -the
general individualistic mode of
thought'which ls the mental reflex and
necessary accompaniment of tho existence of capitalist conditions, may be
•token as indisputable. The "man in
the street" has his thinking ready
made for him. It saves, trouble, ami
at the same time -he has no difficulty
ln pereuadlng himself that these apin
!.«.,., ••^e-4>esbH5»-hiS'Q,
says,"  he concludes, -must be
will own them lndMdiull)
la no other alternative.
Meaning ef ths Process
And what is all this process but the
process of concentration—the negation
of private property for the vast majority of ths people, the natural «lec-
tion of capitalism, the survival of ths
fittest under the system? And at the
same time these sre the factors In
economic evolution which are driving
ths world toward Socialism, ss re-
m-orselessly nnd resist l*#tly as the rising of the sun tomorrow morning Is
brought about by the rotation of the
earth
The one thing  thai differentiate, j^^ rhokw «•**«•■*'<*■•
the present, eriels from former ones, (   ,.n* whflf# n^^m-jm 0f t!w wpi.
tallat mode of production breaks down
willingly lend mu<4» l»r««»r mnm for „
the ssnw puri*Mie io Germany. Franco     as a matter of fact, (Morgan, using j   To attrUmt* theas tremendous so-
or England or th* VtniimA Statws, a* that name for big financial rapitaltat Hal forms aol-riy to the desire of th*
<h* monHty itt immmmrahly )»#.«*>*r ;*a.mi»1 «eaer.*U}. aimplj cannot !»W le-ilTidaa! capitalist to grab the
Tins fs«<t is that th* rr-wit fln/u^bl InvoM taking «lw» property nt <he Indus- fpossession* of his n*!fbher Is to m*r-
capitalist is th" first to t*meh« Hw!trial capitalist*. Jt -sill Ut thrust up-jlr miss their Import an4 meaning. AH
rowing of industrial depression, on them It gravitates to tiivm as rspHallsta nm and alwayt wero eqnsl-
thronth watching the rendition ot th«*> lr*»n WHnc* Oy to th<» mtmne'. There ly dsslrona of this Object. If is inher-
world'TWtrtret. nml ftsnstng Its r«parity' lo rin rie-H tor thftn to wwe jiatili-s. ent In fhe vi-ry system itself, and tho
tn absorb future volume* of eommodl-! «<w if !h«-y eould do m. Tho very "■*■*«» la unthinkable, nn worksite,
tk* )*d ti* h* prod-wed, tmt it Is for i prnct*** *rvd •l«i«t*.-asw»«Hit oil capital k»-1 ■*•&<* ifttrottcelsabls without this Its-
the inew«**d »m«lu<«tii»ti ot e«mni<tt<a-1 ttustry must throw the means «f pro-1 tare.   Over these rendition* rhe t-npt.
aud nhich is due U> the *pi**wuiUM.'«
of the trust In industry, ts ths absense
of the scowmulated wrplus in the material Conn ot conswnabts commodities
that cannot be disposed of at » profit.
This mass of surplus wss vUibie on
every hand In 1»93, and hardly noticeable in 1007. The former condition
was due to the -blind -competition of
tbe manufacturers before ths trust
ers. Kach ono of thom went on manufacturing snd piling up goods In ths
hope that they could somehow, somewhere, ho profitably disponed of. Tht
capacity of the world market for absorbing these products eoold not sasHy
be gauged by thsm, tbo point of satur
atlen cctttht not be determined, snd so
| blind -"onviHU'j.oa natarslty ranitod
In blind production, and the people
•tsrved white the goods were actually
In sight, aU producod sad mdy Cor
•rortsnmptton. not they eould not got
th«n, thnt Is to a*r, t.h» worlrer could
not -boy back his surplus product, snd
under tho pressure of the productive
fok'ces, Its own creation. It Is no longer able to turn aH this mnnn of moans
of production Into capital. They lie
fallow, and for that vory reason tho
industrial reserve army mast also Uo
fallow, M««ns of production, means
of aubsistonoe, available laborers, oil
tho elements of production and general wealth ort present io abandonee,
But abundance becomes the source of
distress and want."—■Socialism, Utopian and Scientific,
Those am Um condition* of the crisis, and tt is -easily evident thst wo
may multiply tho greatness of oar hypothetical Morgan without adding ono
lot* to his ability to cbangs thoss general conditions, Inside the sphor* of
capitalist production ho Is grest snd
powerful, bat he oan only work within
the system Itwlf. and fas bound by ti.
He «annot change it fundamentally.
The s)wteni I* greater tlMwi he.   iUt
BHS^^
1*9,,    *»,A     ,i99l*ttr,t     **:-
^\^R6t-**effery-
toody
•about the right kind of thinking. And
when the topic of industrial depression is on the .board, 'what can be simpler than to put the responsibility, for
It all on (Morgan, or, If a personality
Is objected to, upon some in-definite
thing that "everybody" again- calls
"the money power", lt ie the easiest
way. Just as the ancient Hebrews got
rid- of tlieir «ins by loading them upon
a "scapegoat" and turning him into
the wilderness to die under his burden, so we manufacture a scapegoat
and call dt Morgan, and let It go at
that. But the simile ends right there.
Morgan doesn't wander into tbe desert and die of hunger. Wo do that
when we lose our joba. He lsnt really tho goat We are, 'because wo think
llko goats—or sheep. And unlike the
ancient Israelites, we don't escape
punishment for our sins—of ignorance
—toy loading thom upon Morgan or his
associate capitalist scapegoats of "the
money power,"
But how Is it that Socialists fall, or
partially tell, for this delusion? Partly
for the somo reason, and partly because of the disinclination to moke nn
effort at clear thinking. 'Many of us,
in common with the bulk of our follows, use words and terms In the loosest possible manner without, ever making -an attempt to work out a concrete
and exact meaning for them.
Loose Talking snd Clssr Thinking
An ailustration may be given by referring back to the Idea examined In
this essay, tho assumption thst the
financial capitalist ls In somo undefined way morally obligated to lend
Ms capital to tho manufacturer ao that
tho latter may "conduct Industry." as
If that were tbe being, end. atai and
object of the financier; that whew ho
declines so to lend, ho Is "depriving"
tho other follow—of something he
never had, In liko manner the coitf-
moh "ibronfi.de" observation that Mor- - ,
gai "precipitated" the panic is to'999
out bf l;00O exactly, the same thing, as
saying he "created" it, which is about .
as correct -as declaring that -because a-
man* threw a stone, he .therefore must -
have called dt into existence and assembled the substance composing it.
To "■hasten, accelerate, bring on, or
precipitate," all carry the idea of ere-
aition -with slovenly thinlaersi. -And
when suoh -careless substitution is
made and accepted, bow few stop to
carry the assumption to its logical
conclusion and perceive that it arrives
at a cul de 6ac—a reductio ad abaur-
dum? That to -ascribe power to -thp
caipitalists to create or avert industrial
crises is in. reality tantamount to the
abandonment -of Socialism aud the repudiation, of Socialist reasoning? lUiat
the two things -cannot exist side by
l?ide, tout exclude each other a,nd aTO
mutually destructive?
The cultivation of the habit of clear
thinkingi, the practice of investigating
and examining as carefully as 'possible
the terms, .words and phrases which
we constantly hear repeated in reference to economic subjects is imperative for Socialists, and still more im-
PeiMutl-ve when iwe come to use them
ourselves to construct an argument,
furnish a proof, or. refute some current capitalistic fallacy. *.*'
A Final Summary
Let us. however, bring this essay to
a close by once again reciting and
summarizing our findings and conclusions.
The great financial capitalist whoqi"
we haive typified in "Morgan" meae- .
ures the capacity of the world market
more accurately than the industrial
capitalist, and is better able to gauge
.what it can absorb In the imimediiate
future, In the way of commodities, at
a -profit. But ihe does not -dominate
the world market except negatively,
(He cannot widen It so as to make lt
sufficient to absorb all the commodi- .
ties that can 'be produced by the in>-
-creasing productive forces. He cannot change the competitive wage system*. Before the system -as a .whole he
is as powerless as the little capitalist
whose possessions he confiscates, and
if he iwere a -million times as powerful
as now, .he could not chango the conditions of -the problem—which is to
keep capitalism going by making tbe
world market absorb at a profit all the
commodities that can 'be cast into it
by. millions of -workers who only receive a part—it matters net whether
it is on&fifth, or two-fifths, or three-
fifths—of the value they creata Morgan cannot work miracles-, and miracle working power would be necessary
to solve that problem. If he could
stop industrial depression, which is
the cause, and not the effect, of financial panics, be would be quite as capable of compressing a gallon of .water
into a quart pot But the age of miracles is 'past—if it ever existed.
The capitalist can neither stop nor
start Industrial depressions. They do
not arise in the sphere ot circulation,
but in that of 'production, and a*U the
tinkering with ibanydng methods and
eumemcy reforms will have absolutely
no more effect ok them than the Turkish custom of tiring muskets at the
moon has in preventing the eclipse
from stealing over its face, or the
paipal bull in chasing the comet out of
the' 'hmvena      AH   thn   in«;tnat —»""■■?	
most powerful capitalist can do when
these phenomena occur Is to grab, and
that, from the very nature of the conditions, he must do. And when the
-final grab Ib consummated, the stage
of the world is then thoroughly prepared for the entrance of Socialism —
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m» of t.h<» *nmt»-':> ;** "trtgr- i,y«-h«*«» hntaattt OffOK. th** aioas nt uitto
ir. any (turn wouM Ut l)u-vU«b»o. I mo<!ltl-r« -must* |>i!«» m» Ih-vonl tlM*,
rtiuK th* nam* r**'j;i*. &.» mmer(rapacity «sff lis wtnrk*t to absorb at
"   " a, ycuflf.   T6e aroccw ut* -. UcuUu**
'.*■"    !r*«;tt'«?ri.»t
ut tm th* inobiiifty of td*
,«,*i,*,»h "ho wirt»l"*   :.iT''-i'-',t
Anl'kortt i IWStr,   iw»!   rn'„i,
hut* «l«itn«ti to nttnam tho fwcM-!hum,n .oeiety.   That wo ars ta tba
nr? -»*n!'il   «n«t fhli  *a«rt«mitl*paHT --ftn-A ■.-*.-,"■- [,*-/■-•■ .-.f«$j cillrstlt-m W
tt*ro*n tuo ttj»n»ri*fiM*r*r to fimn Ms;f,,^;ft!,i,   tim- «wM*r*jje* of'tbie mni 1
Is sll to* oTi«t«K« thst to atolo^. Th*
: porlonoti trssi is a aotle* to caaltal-!
-lst ntwioty tlmt th» mnkMbsit ttt pro- f
.•toetios ta aay owtata tiHastn tai
wMrti tb* tnnt iifNit tt saffk*wW
ti« tlotio or nn* 'lii*-.
Shihfifo Gun
w^mmmmt^mm-tw ^J^JJ | that mum* the trast, «ch ttmth\wr_. \
. nn «%Mt** • ■••> u^^ •» -wowr-***)** as* xn*r*ivt* tm-1
aveo*
twt ym.o*r
#   J«   XlXsikVVJrl
(L*t« of Hixon snd Pergnson)
wmmm^mmmmmmmtmwwmmmmmmrmmwmmmimmmmmmmmmmwmmwmnmmmmc:
Call up phone No. 67 for ro-
pairt to burst plpas anil all
plumbing troubles    :    t    i
t-jm-."Jg^'al-'.1.1.-1   .. " :1.11- .l;"j.l.l^,uni".,j.l,l.^l^i:.ir~.,-J1"-..-. ..u.  , »iiiniwiniim—n—wt
SHop - Pellat Ave.
Kcsu* Hoaplta1     •     Varsd% B. C
■ iHiilill>*i.i*,i»i.*0., ,,*   Bniil ...lw ,
MB"'
fifW
B-*!^^di^SK^ffi^"''*a*' - xx„ -
THE DISTRIOT I^DGER, FERMIE, B.; P> FEBRUARY 14, 1914.
PAGE SEVEN
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
G. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
The
Original
and
Only
Genuine
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
DryCoods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
***^**********
****•••**•***••*
k'kiririrA'iiiric^rk >f
i
HOW THE LAND OF TOPSY TURVY |
BECAME the LAND of RIG HI SIDE UP
'I Crow Hair, I Do"
Pac-similes of Prof. A. Garlow.
By DflHOTIlY  II1HU
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay E»
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
,
a time, in the land of dwarfs of a mystic and omnipotent
being' who--4we.lt somewhere in \he
clouds, and who directed the destinies
of all mankind. This being was called
God, and he" had commissioned the
Great Ones and their servants, the
priests*, to be his earthly representatives, audi gave them his- full sanction
to deoicLe "What was good and what
was bad lor his "children." And whosoever refused to listen to the wisdom
of the priests should burn forever In
a mythical pla#e called Hell.
Another class was called "lawyers,"
whose duty lt was to teach the dignity
and majesty of the rules laid down -by
the giants. Of course, these rules
considered only, tbe welfare of the
rulers. If a worker applied for redress
against a giant, citing one of these
rules as a basis for his plea, the clever
lawyer so -befogged its meaning with
high sounding phrases and technicalities that he was able to interpret It as
he chose—and -tlie worker went home
with his wrongs only intensified (if,
indeed, he was not put in jail so that
he could not go home at -all). But the
lawyer told-his brothers, the same as
the priest had done, that these rules
were for the good of all; that the
Mighty . Ones knew better what was
for the greater good of the many than
the many themselves could ever
know; and, *th-#t whoever disobeyed
one of these laws should suffer its fullest penalty.
Later on there grew up another
force to serve the masters—the -most
potent one of all. > Its name was "the
Press." By means of tbe press all
men knew what., the priests threatened, -what happened to those who disobeyed the laws; knew, also, direct
firom the giants-tBemselves, what their
will and their,wishes were in all matters.
■And last in the list of trained servi-
tors comes the great class of teachers.
These taught the priests to pray, the
lawyers to make proper laws and interpret vthem -as they were meant to be
interpreted, and the servants of ithe
press to set before the people in the
most convincing form the will of the
Great Ones.
Now, this ■ change in the size and
power of the /workers had taken place
so slowly that the workers still looked
upon themselves as -pygmies. But all
the time they kept on growing—learn;
Ing more and seeing clearer every day.
At first they felt only a vague rebellious sense of discontent, of something
incongruous and ridiculous in the existing state of affairs. This feeling
spread and became more bitter, but
still.they did not know how they could
so about it to make a change. Their
brains had for too many centuries
been befogged by a mist of lying legal,
moral and religious traditions.,
■For a long time, however, there had
existed a small but ever increasing
.priests.     They    told   their   'brother band of men called Socialists,  who
Once upon
TopsyJTurvy, there lived' a race of
people who were only four feet tali.
It was a mighty race—in numbers.
Its people swarmed tiiick over the
•land as ants over an ant hill. These
myriads of pygmies were ruled by a
.band of giants who were terrible taskmasters. They forced the little people
to do aU the work in the fields aad in
the -towns; to fight their battles for
them, build their cities, sail their
fleets—to do all the countless tasks
that had to be performed in order that
they might grow powerful and rich
and> idle. They even chose the iwdsest
of the -dwarfs to do their thinking for
them.
Now all this time the dwarfs so
feared the dubs and the mighty
strength of the Great Ones that they
seldom rebelled excepting when some
Jong series ol injustices drove them
into 'blind fits of anger that only
earned them punishment that was
more -cruel and hardships .more gall-
ling. They bowed their heads before
their mighty masters, addressed them
humbly, delivered up to them without
question all the fruits, of their labors
of mind and .body; and in gratitude
received in return just enough to
clothe and feed -them so that their
race might not die-out. /
But after the pygmies had been iu
slavery for many generations, all their
hard work of brain and muscle begau
to have its effect on them, and they
'began to grow stronger and larger.
Generation by generation they increased In stature and power till at
last the time came when they were
ten feet tall. At the same time, inaction, much feeding and little thinking had caused the giants to shrink
in height and in 'power, until at last
the time caing when they were only
four feet talU as the pygmies once had
been. But in the case of the giants,
what they lost in height, they gained
in diameter, till their shape became as
near spherical as it is possible for the
human shape to be. They lost their
size, their shape, their mental vigor.
They even lost their power to enjoy
the good .things tbey bad so easily
gained.
Of course, you .will say. "Now that
■the ipyigraies have become giants and
the giants have become puff-balls, the
troubles of the former are at an end.
iThey will surely come into their own
and eradicate the poisonous growth
that hinders their own best development."
That shows that you have never
Awelt in the land of Topsy-Turvy and
do not understand the laws and cus-
j toms of that marvelous country.
I    I have told you already that in the
j days when the puff-balls were giants
! they had trained certain of the dwarfs
to think for them.   There were several types of these thinking dwarfs.
Members of   one   class   were called
presumed to think for themselves and
in their own interests. They saw
clearly how unjust and silly it was for
a small body of human monstrosities
to own the world, while the real giants, the rightful rulers, tolled and
sufferedi and starved. ' They had
.worked quietly for years, telling all
-who were wise enough and sufficiently
oppressed to listen, that it was nearly
morning—time to wake up and see tne
truth in the broad daylight of common
sense and right. As the spirit of unrest became more and more universal,
the voice of tbe Socialist grew louder
and .bolder, ringing the changes on
the story of the oppression of those
iwho were apparently weak because
they did not know their strength by
those who seemed strong because ot
the artificial system which protected
them and hid their weakness.
And at last, one day, the workers
awoke and saw the truth. They saw
what -poor things their masters were;
they saw that the work of the world
■was done by them, the workers; that
they could do their work just as well,
and much better if they were allowed
to manage for themselves -without depending upon an Idle puff-ball, descendant of a giant though the puff-
ball might be, to frighten them and
drive them with lies and threats, They
saw, too, that with the passing of the
master class, .would pass also all the
burdens of misery and poverty and
degradation they had existed under
for so many hundreds of years—that
they would at last get what was rightfully theirs and begin to live in real
earnest
When they really saw all these facts
clearly, they straightened their bent
backs, throw back their heads and
laughed—a mighty laugh that rang
through all the lands and down
through all'the ages. They laughed
at themselves -because of the blind
confiding fools they had been; they
-laughed at the "masters" because of
the helpless .weaklings they had become; and they laughed for pure joy
because of the good that was to be
theirs. Then they set to work—they
made use of all the tools the "masters" had hitherto used against them
—the press, the government, education, organization, In short, they took
the world for themselves. All the
"masters" who were strong enough to
survive under the new condition (a
condition which forced them-—so (little
fitted for real work—to -earn their
own Jiving) again -became giants, after
many generations of tofl and right
living wrought a change in them.
Thus did a mighty race come into
its own. Thus were a divided people
united into one harmonious and useful
class; thus did sanity and peace and
plenty come into a distraught earth.
Thus did the Land of Topsy-Turvy
become the Land of Right Side V\i.-~
Xew York Call.
Bald at 26.
Fine hair at 55.
I POSITIVELY Cure all hair and
scalp DISEASES. Prevent BALDNESS
and premature grayness. GROW ladles' and children's hair rapidly.
I TAKE NO DOUBTFUL cases and
positively cure all I do take. Hair
can be fully restored on all heads
that stih show fine hair or fuzz to
prove that the roots or UAPILLIARY
glands are not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT svstem of
HOME TREATMENT for out-of-the-
GITY people who cannot come to me
for personal treatment. WRITE TODAY for Question Blank and PARTICULARS. Enclose stamp and mention this paper.
MY PRICES are reasonable My
cures are POSITIVE and PERMANENT.
PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW
Tho World's Most Scientific Hair and
Scalp Specialist
Room 1, Weldon   Block,   WINNIPEG,
MAN.
Southern
HOTEL
BELLEVUE, ALBERTA
Everv
*     "    .
convenience
and
attention
Meals that-taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
%
xwm
.    xxsjAi\
',- .si-- *?-l
\f ,-.'«?*. I
' ft "-'J'" lvl
si' -"V-HI
'* v$|
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in Wl kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
CULSHAW VS, G.N.P.G.
COMPANY JUDGMENT
(Continued from -page four)
Full supply *t following
for an sppotltlns m-Ml to
chooM from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cowbrldot ••«-
agto for tomorrows brook-
foot
CAUL OH PHONI
Galeiiy Cattle Co.
FDMlM Wootfttrot*
riftMit, t. c.
of the severity of the weather to
which ipettrons in the locality, and
whether eo employed or not, were
equally Viable. If it is the latter it
does 'not arise out of the employment,'
•because the man Is not specially affected .by the severity of the weather
by reason of hds employment."
It is worthy of notice that tbe learned arbitrator in this case has fallen
Info the error referred to by the Lord
Chancellor In the Warner case, supra,
that is, he deals with the subject matter of the Inquiry as being one of "accident," At p. 46 the I*ord Chancellor
has thia to say:—
"I Trfll only say tbia further to be
perfectly ttrtct and aoqwate—tt ls
somewhat lax to speak of thia statute
a a though it referred to an accident,
1 am perfectly conscious that I myself,
as well aa others, have fallen 4nto
that lapsus linguae, but at times it
may be apt fo confute one's Idea of
what ia enacted in thia particular Act
of Parliament, Tlw Act of Parliament
does not apeak of an accident; 4t
speaks of an Injury by accident aria-
Ins: out of and In the course of the
employment."
Here we bave a man working for a
colliery cuiupuuy lu a mountainous
country: he was a fan man at the
Cost Creek workings, and near -by was
a built shelter for the protection of
the workmen In cold weather; It Is
not the case of a workman engaged In
his work being affected by the sever
ity of weather, only in the carrying
-tn at W* wovto, ■-•" ivU ■•.".w wortrnv-ftv
would be In a locality where workmen
, would be engaged at various pursuits.
Tlm simailou I-i- rv is «jult<e -Jiffentnt,
tbe demaed workman waa engaged
at his work at a particular point,
where evidently snowslide* war* looked upon aa not Impossible things: In
tbe arbitrator's findings, we have tbls
stat-wl as being the evidence of John
flhanks. superintendent of mlnea at
He tWiankol says tbat the shelter
expected and unforseeh from a risk
reasonably incidental to the employment. Nothing can come 'out of the
employment' which has not in some
reasonable sense its origin. Its source,
its causa causans, In the employment,
That the -injury must be one resulting
in some reasonable sense from a risk
Incidental to the employment has I
think ibeen decided over and over
again."
Can it be contended for a moment
tbat the workman in the case before
us 'was not exposed to a risk from
snowslides? The answer seems to
ran to be incontrovertible—that he was
exposed by reason of his employment
at the Place where so employed to precisely that risk.
Lord Justice Hamilton, in the Mit-
chlnson case, supra, at p. 427, said;—
"On the grounds therefore that the
riak of this accident was not proved
uy evidence to be incident to the employment; that it was -plainly on tbe
evidence one to which any other person -who crossed Parke's (path was
equally exposed, whatever his employment; that there is an entire cfbsence
of any authority for treating Injury
arising froni a third party's crime as
Injury by accident arising out of the
employment, except when the employ!-
raent is special and involves an obligation to face such perils "
Here w* undoubtedly have exactly
what Lord .Justice Hamilton admit*
would be a case for compensation uu-
der the Act the workman's employment was special, and involved the
obligation tu (mm tbe iieril of snow-
slides.
To further f-mphntlie that tbls cane
ia one tlt.it, in my opinion, calls for
compensation being allowed, I would
refer to Nlslwt v. Ita)no 1191 Oi 2 KI).
■S-S9, 80 L..I.K.II. SI.   There a cashier
ROYAL
HOTEL
PERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK. Prop.
"I come therefore to the -conclusion
that the expression 'accident' is used
in the popular and ordinary sense of
the word as denoting an uniooked for
mishap, "or an untoward event which
is not expected or designed."
Ix>rd Loreburn, i.e., In Ismay Imrle
& Co. v. Williamson (1008) A.C. 437.
77 L.J.P.C. 107, 24 T.L.lt.. at p. 881,
referring to the Fenton case, said:—
"In the caBe of Fenton v. Thorley
(19 The Times L.R. 684; 1903 A.C.
443) the meaning of the word accident
was very closely scrutinized. That
case stands as a conclusive authority, and I would not depart from It if
I could, nor need I repeat what was
there said."
Turning to tbe learned arbitrator's
findings, and considering bla language
"that the accident was -caused by abnormal weather conditiona," It follows
that from this point of vl-aar nlone It
was an unlooked-for mishap, and untoward event which waa not expected
or designed, and quite within the definition as given by Ixtrd Maenaghteti.
In my opinion the workman met
with the Inlury by accident arising
out of Rud in the course of the em*
p'ovment, and the Act, In my opinion,
plainly covers all Injuries by accidents
Incidental to thc xppclnl employment.
Her** the -workmnn wn* engaged at a
particular nlace In a most Important
work—be was a fan man; n ihelter
was provided: there was the risk of
snowslide; they were perils that
might be looked for; oii*> occurred—In
fact he so met his death. It follows
that this is a proper -vua-it for condensation.
I sm thprcfo»"f> of outtilfin thru th'«
.'••himjuI -nboubl be (llsni!#s«i< end tlwtt
tho statH c«s«  bc niii.m-mI  to the
leirned arbitrator, with a direction to ■
!i!m  t9 a■*.<■» ruin il»- -am-utiiit  of iIm-h
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you yini spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here. ,
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —•
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
—Op"posii«rQrW^1>epotr~1s:OrBoTrMr
Phone 23,
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Pire Proof Sample
Rooms tn Connection
Imperial Bank of Canada
HfcAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authcrlnd ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up       6.925,000
Rtssrvs and Undlvld- Total Asseta     72,000400
•d Profits       8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President        HON. ROBT JAFPRAY, Vlee-Praa.
BRANCHES  M   RRITI8H COLUMBIA
Arrowhead. Cranbrook* Farnlt, Goldtn,   Kamloops,  Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelatokfl, Vancouver and Victoria
HAVING* DEPARTMENT
li.ttrsst sllowsd sn deposits at errant rate from dais ni deposit
FKRNIE BRANCH A. M. OWf N, Manager
A "Ltdgtr" adv. It an
Invtttmtnt.
waa employ* I by wrtain <o!llery own-1(ompmastlon to v»h!*l* xho..respondent
*\'n. mA, ','  'I'M ;-;\rt >*f h'.s n%Ax, A inf/U.4.
dtntJt to in.u«  weekly large sums of)    Appeal dismissed.
money from hia employer*' office to! :	
HBpgSW
smsB-m
mmmmmmmm
mmmt
List of Locals District 18
iP
tin.
111
431
3tf»
»t«
tm-
IKT
lit*
£11!
IMS
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Wt
r»~,i
IIM
2t?»
l«
Hnmn
bnn. and P. O. Ainraw
<««...*«    AMI   JM.OV,..,. ,,.-**0$,   *»*t**t   tOtOtl.  <%H*.  .
Tat-lli^'       J*", YA'it-M-lhj, JJU.vJt.v-;Mi.-.', ,i.L*,
Ifcav-ei Crpi-ii......,.., j. ijcmghttu. tktnvtr i*re«k, %h Pln-tknr, Altn,
7 ..Mm** n»tk*„ thn M,, ntflevn*,, All**.
..... W. c. Cbrta-toplw**, Itialntwra, Alta.
 T. Ct. Han-tea. Passbitrt, Alt*.
..... Mi-rtsaml Wtrrw. ttannarv, Alta.
...... J. Johnston. Coleman. Alta.
..... J. Jones. Certain. D. C.
..... Jaa. Horn*, f%itoeok. vt* INaawnd City, AN*.
 Thoa. irpblll, F«rai#. K C.
 B»»ii Monom. Frank. Attn.
 W. I.U14**ih<m*. Hmwmr, B €*.
 Jss OofloA. Hlllws*   Aits
 h. Mom*, 1781 Bivtti Av<ii«e. X, L-witbrM-n
Pnaafc Harrlnc-bam, -tfoalfcamt. Alta.
T. u limit*, t'trntUiru. Aft*.
II. Bmer. Mtdfcrt, ». V.
T. ti, ttairt***, PaariMSft; Alta..
A. P»U*m«*. T*hot. Aita
mt iftAter. ttforgeup-ro. cvnmot*. Alta.
ftamnft,.,	
... . ..
^ *.. *(, *.. *-. »****^**.f». . ...... .
uramora..........
Coleman..........
CorWn............
Chinook MtM*.    .
F-wrale	
Ffcmt *	
UcMWi'r 	
tinuttsat	
l^c%T)t4d|pe ,.
Ix'bbrkhw CoHterles
M*(4# Imi	
Mt-rb-M. ■	
Pwrnbont	
ftobtf' ,
n-wtrgtnnwn, *"»
Uwlr toiii. r> b> uu tor U.i- ikayiu-Miu
of tbo wanes ol the coliWrs. Whilst
ha waa tltun employed he waa robbed
and morderHt in the train, lib widow
applied for compensation; it was hold
tbat thi' murdw was aa "*wltlent"
within thi* m-Htnlnn of The Workmen's
Compensation Ael. V,iW, and that It
arose not only "In the tonrn* of but
.„  ....„     ...... also "out or th* ••mifWivment. Iiirs
waa In a sheltered position as far aa mnrb  as the «l»ty of «arrylti« the .    .
anowalidiMi tr*r» imo*rn*tl, that iHmom-j. 9*mn »tt!»j*cte«t the mthhr to!""^'!-"** »**<*• we inow or tints *.*- <•.»■»
waa not at a point where an ordinary s?h# op**ini ri»k of twtnf r»W»<d and *«w «.r<in*i> endorsees Heists om#» *»t*
saowaiida would mxur, and that be ! murdered, which was «i««t««iu«?iitb In- i t-Jntwialott. Thm remarkable aum-ia tit
(Ihaaksl wnrtdtr** It to be In a<aaf* rtfentat to hia employmornl, and that j 'his i-pl-eudid medicine M du»- i,t th#*
poaltton tor a WJisonshle man workine thorotoro »lu« «!»l*w •«•-*« »>*»•*»»<-* '«
|th*r« under ordinary elrrHBistaneea. i compensation
iand ibaMt waa n***r *unMot*4l aa »      t*ot*n» IMrty  wr.  In   »h*-   Vi»tw*t
Unngerons point la wiard »« mm* A-n**, i« UKJ. at n, st, said
•l-Jdes.** "The rsae of Andr^wa v. K.illdwoMh
It la tb#r*Mfor» e*W**»4 th*x ih* w»»k-  Ind-mMrtal (*orMy ilA**tt  2 Kit   :t?
j mau was within the hortton of dnn*-T; :•. i.j.K.11. .'to. Is *ti i injuria nt author-
Ifrwii* s«owa|.Uh>a Mt. the |.M»liit, w|i»r»  hj- on this point*.    Any ma, mav  !j«
I employed, and areh wt-rc It^an^xtra-, *tr«rk by l!*bi«!n* and In min* -dr
i*irtm-fitiHft* rmtwlred W* <0'***noo at »-M»   ««   ot*"*tori**t*tfo<     tt   it******   *%**
\imim, st i*t**ntw mnn » *>*>•* rit wtt<e ui, imtiirf ot kit* <Mmpiofm«nt hii<v«i» Mm
-"   - " * w mot* ihittt th* ttnl;nor> normal nit..
«i# or*in, ■'■»*ps»r to. n-htoh «ti** mtn- St
etpoiMNl tt t<»fRethlnc arislnt ont ot
hi* #nH»!«»*m<*»t.    Thwa a   workman
i djtuner.   How, list*, tmt* it he miv** .
I fttHf i^mtontMl that thtt ta »«* a e»*#;
j-tor ro»pf««stlo*f    la It not InfMrv -
ih-ere iminty rwwltint in tio»'hi ',* ac-
i<-!«l*'»« *rUlii« out o4 »»•! in tho ftmrn*   *h<t*   «»
I**  *»*» tt*u,-t4ttt*u»u*.     Ur fwMlkwi* •»<•    o-tttn.ux
iMtrtutr alio m-it-cd aipon Mlirhlawm ». h#M :«
AHy nraa »1»1S» 1 KM. <m, »S-UJ.K.n.. t-U'otix *t.> i*-:
121, a dwlsion of the court of appeal.. cmtm* ot hi*
\hm I <!io ntf rona«der that thnt *m*      Kenn**;*)'   ! i
fat all *ntn*#>r.* the lesmed arWtrator'a p, SS. aald: ■
-*lew.   I »»uM rail nttnotlon In pir'S-f-      'i»i th* <«-
fntar to ih* iangn-f* of Rneklry. t.i-    -nl  fiit*-?.-.»■
\'X'i t.-t.K H * tt'. ,*   42T,.  »t»*1r Wc *■* >', Au .*'.*',-'■ '■ ••••
*TTi# <t««»tl©«. tbwefor*. ia whether  "***, tf-* V*t4
■ *hO   tWOl,fTt.-*f-r-tt   U*   ts*****-   *} it   it., -.-      fr ,  ,
?f**i*n!?»-d fwTnw.nl  Sn5wn   \<\   !it«t1rtit ■ < >    .-■     '■ <-
arialoit out of «h# *mntnfn»*nt.   "Thl* fn •*»'
'to****   por*fM.tl   lnjwrf    tfm-is.'jfi*.':-       Ts.--
•otimintt tmt t*t »V otopltmn*rit     To -i   ■*-"?
vtntko***  Vh* ««i>t'4» -al th* A** tno <f- *r^t'f-t
iomrro*** wmw   X*  ■»•*   f**r*t"   ■** tv*« •*
|«rw4w *I»J«* th*tt> ta pet*AMii inytr* ""«*
GIVE THAT PUHY CHILD
i THIS GUARANTEE!) REMEDY
if your «hild is under ««Ittht. IMtless
, aijlna, liable to g«t sieh «»wt>ll}. it r.wd*
;a ni*d;r|ii«» to btilltf Its *«'t*tht and
!*tnnrh    For this parpa»«» tinn  li
fj,,*, '»)..,» ;*, ,-;v*'*'a1»,* it *tni,ii..**> ■ • .»
toit# llm Rt»rv***(i. »-nr|i h tho hlm*-l ttnt't
t»rtt'**t in th" ttti'tf*-* #y»*'-!ii !|j«-
crcftfih.   weir.!i«   »n,t  hi*«ith'b*tr.Hlna
•tlfjSiiinc-*-* t!  n«>>'-d*      .%■»<*.  1«   t'.oom fi'!
thia *i»h»MH in)«Hr>c fr.o **t<n)iXt tn
fact. R«-xa!l tilii*- t»il Kmwl»lj,ii L m*
uP»l)» [i)n>ii,*aMi V.i tike, but kV'U In*'
m»*:   s*f»sittre  t-Vimsttii  1*  <*»-»i-.-ilt«-«i
tht* nth+r *h-»»*^ '• -*.»>•• '• ,* > -1 ..<.**-.•,■*
or n-ito.v-s'wnitifiK «in»««i ahtrh »«'
tt*t*tuX* iritpeti ;«> KXtiPti, iiir.t «*fni»ir**i».
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
8IR EDMWTO WALKER, C,V.O,I.I-l», ft.C.U Pft.M*»t
ALEXANDER MINH JOHN AIRI>
Cwntral Managrr ,\«.l«i«ft« tkiwral Manager
CAPITAI., $15,000,000 KKST, $12,500,000
BANKING BY MAIL
Accounts may bc oftndi at every torch ai Thc Canadian
Bank of Comm-me t<» bt* uperalttl by mail, anJ will receive Ihe
tame cartful attention as is given to al! otlwr department* of the
Bank's business.  Mtmey nwy bi* deposited *»r withdrawn ln this
way a* aatlsfactoritly as by a personal visit la the litnk.        n*n
l     S   •   .«arw    m*o*.■*.»* wewr  »»*«<•«
!.-»!. hi iItM»!R*« »'!(!.'
* ,.t**ti mmltiiwo* *n«
tt.fi til* ttt-<tik hy an nr*.
tt'-ti ttt. *s sell n* s« tb«»
• mploj m*>nt **
!. in th«* asm* en**, af
of f*a*r<»f»*,r
K»*!i*HN»rin»
v   I/III-ton
and   Iwn
..      t i'.fil, i     11.
Jnatlr* Clwk
iM   it
I*  «S!i****"*   ft*  getftt*
ot thf w-fakft-Mt* »!-4 mil' !*a
, «p 10 |?« naturat ptn-ui,: >  -,*t
'■»»*' I,- ttlti-r ■' -.-;•■*.• *.   • .*    * **'-
• »   •icAWti »#,i**c If.t   f..»«**■ ».».!■
. '->**ii \ ;oar *.t,V-i Ui* i< *•'< "'-'
,t»«»j> maitclt*-*. ant *,.,k* .**•
: ti%«-l>. atrona. ■»« ;* *.i. * (■>•'■ <
"ton. *pir*.M 'hil-lr. ■. -.-,:* -\ ■-
".'.nr* to hats. i-.,'.i,,- '.*,- * *.,
, s&d 0*1 >o*»r «*•■'.. ,* * "-..** V.
; *a»*t yan to u*» ■:> •"»-:'
',«.»    .9   *,**    ,!,*.«(>      * ;**> > *'
m i*:?
.lie- fnltl-*
***( ,..,-*, ....
■it rHH-an f
ii?,,.-  ,*tll'
' tin
||   THE      W± |%   c°^r.-1854
HomeBank^Canada
4 it i
■ft  i,
.*"'    s**^
4- », '
rhs**<v
.*, poo-
'■  , ■       -i: :,.- ' I   ■    'it   I' ,'  ;.«■(.»*
•h* *t'%"n>.o waa fti*n.""
,:*  ■ -t «f*»   *«•"')   p *,■'■   ■■*,■' * ~
,..,...,»   |»   f*,f,   %ft   ft*i-t   ,,,'tn
t,»   !»..  tkm vt'titi   «ft   ►'#••».;<»•    »
,..*... ..    % <•    «-»•»    tt   I, I K »t
,. ; ■      ■■'• h. *.'•»*.!*!'*•»    Ht    J,      :>**.
* .i.:,   <i • i    »,i. !'\ i, ■: -.
tut   !Bi!W   w||!»!
ht*»-.*.*ij <w« *»*,*
mmo nrnmn'ff-
i.t mt>-»9*y fe**,. h
M*fkts   •*••»--*■■«    ■%-.
's*y m*   ii *t*   \
tstxn
-avtnc*   J-'IVwit'i   of
% (nil <■ .**mp«MiiMl ♦rst«rt,-»! at
TORONTO
j»«f«   M**0«l
l
MACDONALD, Manogci
Vi.,, .*.- -:- ftUHlt     ft. C t""*-*"nj»' " -
PAGE EIGHT
-U^MM^MMflM
9 --.i|.-*.ii»..**«J.v^*|-*.,~i..- ..■l■»»J■.J^-^«■^«■-
■  I. ii, «■««■ |l il! I li | Illl »Mllm.i IIM.H »m.*«i nn i il. Mil
'**VS*~t$-. *X:r, Viv y!?SH^"ViH'ffii&.^y&F *■&&***&
    " II "I .......      ..*... — -    .,-,■■ — ^.~—_-^ **—*-..   ... 71 , A*.   J , \.,
FRICT LEDGER.-FBRNra  B  0.. FEBRUARY 14 101*       f>:
»Bpi»*«f-v--l ■ t- ^ —jmw ■■■■■wjm^i<mi'« a ■■«■■   i.>»-i*
I
THK DISITEIOT IJBDGER, FERNIE, B. C„ FEBRUARY Wl»l
-»» r"? fr «•^.*'^,J,'" *-^ '  - AX'*
.;***'-*       n
■ -94.
..*,
r
Attractive  Pay
%
Values
at the Big Store
■ •  v.
^jN order to make room for Spring and Summer Clothing we will clear our present stock of high class ZOttl Century
Clothing.     It is seldom we place garments of this high class on tlie Special Pay Day List.     If you intend buying a
Suit for Spring you will find in this sale a great money saving opportunity.
Pay Day Values in
Odd lines of Glen's Working Boots, in low and
high cut, black and tan leathers, at exceptionally
low prices for Saturday and Monday.
Men's Tan Blucher Boot, 8 inch
tops, plain toe; a
good comfortable
working Boot, at
$3.90 pair
Men's Black
High Cut Boots.
10 inch top, wiflh
toe caps, heavy
double soles,
buckles on tops.
Special $4.60 pair
Men's Low Tan
Blucher Boots,
heavy soles and
good strong tops;
a splendid shifting Boot.
Special $3.75 pair'
Men's    Black |
Grain Blucher pit
Boot, a serviceable and roomy Boot for working in.
Special $2.00 pair
Men's Black Pit Boot, nailed, a heavy and serviceable digger's boot.
Special $3.15 pair
Men's Black Chrome Blucher Shoe, a good easy
fitting Shoe for knockabout weaK
Special $3.00 pair
Odd lines of Men's Fine Shoes in Geo. A. Slater
and Just Wright makes at very interesting prices.
Regular $5.50 to $6.50 values at
$3,50, $4.00 and $4.50 pair
These Shoes comprise all the different leathers in
black and tan and are worth your inspection.
=A=Few=Sp66ials=fo^Satup<iay=aad=Monday-in—
Children's and Girls' Shoes and Slippers
Child's Black Crome and Grain Blucher Boots,
wide foot-form last.
Special $1.30 pair
Child's Box Calf Blucher Boots, a comfortable
and easy fitting Shoe.   Sizes 5 to ll/».
Special $1.50 pair    ~
Girls' Vici Kid
Blucher Shoe, patent toe caps, easy
fitting Shoe.
Special $1.75 pair
Girls' Box Oaif
Blucher Shoe
wide toe, easy fitting.
Spocial $1.85 pair
Girls' Vici Strap
Slippers, low
spring heels,
roomy Shoe. Sizes
8 to 10%.
Special $1.45 pair
Men's, Women's and Children's Felt Boots and
Slippers at interesting prices while they last.
m
Just Arrived
Spring Stock of Carpet Squares, Mati, Linoleum
and Oilcloths
Otir (torpet Square in Wilton*, Axmimrtcr, Brussels, Tapestry, Wool and Jute arc certainly worth
your inspection. Never before have wc shown such
a wide range of sizes and prices as today and we
know that the beautiful Omental patterns and rieh
colors of these Rug* will appeal to you strongly.
We extend you u hearty iuvhatiun to visit our
Ifoiisefurmshitig Department and inspect these
good* for yourself.
>■...■ , -. .:
'»   A* .-'•*' .*>    2: %i> ..'■ '*>   <7:   *    «>. "-.',, ■
':A'Wi\UYA '7f>,':' '■■Y*' **' S.'A' -   •    '
■{ ■* x -x • *#-' * ■% t•■■.-,- i '.y ,**?,,
;' *-'}/*>, aX \ V» :.■* • ,„■ ., y»'{++ '■; ■
AV,W$M$*m?7-s
"■^&*^Bxt^A*,
'■ 'A.r, ** '•.*/',   f-t-f.   * y,,.yf '>;. ;•)-. ,Ay
. « ' ■-.' (**■ » :•*- #vi x-'V fa '.*•: «,. \X"
Small Htm* and Mats in the most popular sizes
nml hI price* lhat y«ni simply ennnot bent.   All the
♦tfsj-jpis nnd t<t|nrintt»i are up trt th<» tnitiUTc. They
(*(•(»»• in various f|iialifieKt frrttu tttc velvet Rug to
I lie beautiful rich Khorhassans.
AS A WEEK EHD SPECIAL WE OFFER A
BEAtmrUl AXMIH8TER R0O
'i? t **t iiich-jHi, «t the imhcitrd of price of *ilKi
e»eh; your choice of fine new pnt terns.
Wc nr*< tii**** nhoxxiuii over 20 new and «li*tite-tive
I ii»»<riH in Ijitoleiitii and Oilcloth.
Metis Suits
In fine imported Tweeds,
tailored by the celebrated
20th Century tailors (which
in itself is a guarantee of
perfect workmanship). The
colors are Greys, Browns,
Greens, Heathers and Blues ;
made in single breasted style.
These Suits are sold*, everywhere at $30.00, and are
guaranteed by us as well as
by the maker to give perfect
satisfaction in fit, wear and
shape retaining.
Our Pay Day <Mc
Price .... <P19
ISI-MISISfiiMS^^
Underwear
Men's All Wool Ribbed Underwear in natural color, any
size 34 to 46.
Saturday $1.75 suit
Men's Natural Fleece Underwear, extra 'heavy with wool
fleece.
Saturday $1.00 suit
!   Sox!
Men's'AH Wool Grey Sox.
Saturday 5 pairs for $1.00
Men's All Wool Grey Rib Sox. .
Saturday 4 pairs for $1.00
Men's All Wool Worsted Rib Sox.
Saturday 3 pairs for $1.00
—Men-s^i!a45k-444&h3nere-Soxrall-fiia—
es.
Saturday 5 pairs for $1.00
and 4 pairs for $1.00
Mitts
Men's Heavy Bronko Mitts with
good wool lining and "wool cuff.
Regular $1.00 value.
Our Pay Day Price..... .50c pair
Men's   Heavy   Genuine   Buck
Gloves, good wool lining.  Regular
value $1.50.
Pay Day $1.00 pair
Shirts
Our new stock of
Shirts for Spring is
 nn«r.jmon fni« »*»m*»_
 m.v*. ..^rv... ^.V* "JVM*	
inspection. It comprises all _ the new-
fabrics, patterns and
styles shown by the
best Eastern Shirt
makers.
We specialize on all lines
of Cluett Peabody
Shirts
You can buy Cluett Peabody Arrow Collars at the
Big Store at 2 for 25c,
Women's Hosiery
We have 500 pairs of Ladles' Worsted Cotton
Hose to clear Saturday at 5 pairs for $1.00. This
is exceptional value. Don't fail to noo them. They
come in all sizes and iu Black only.
Ladles' Fancy Neckwear
All the latest styles in Ladies' Fancy Neckwear
sre embraced in a lot of ,%0 samples we hsve pur-
dinned at a ureal discount. The advantage of this
iftnttl buy will be iriven to our customers on Pay
Day.   Thixe will be sold all at one prjre, 50c each.
Ladies' Reatiy-to-Wear Dresses
19 only Hi\k Mr*****   «»«d«» in the l«te«t -ntvles
fi'uiu the mh-wI ileMJi-able fabrics, Pungie Silk, Me*-
Mlinc. r*ti!S«Uf*t tu Blue, B*y«5v, i*urp!r, Nat tint I
timl Rene-da.   All sine*.   These are -^xtrtt nood value
nt »MM*>.
New Cloth Dresses at $6,50
New Serge and Panama Dresses, neatly trimmed
with white collar and cuff} colors, Black, Navy or
Copenhagen Blue; all sizes.
Special Saturday $6.60
Ladles' Suits
14 only Tailored Suits, made in serge* and novelty cloths. Every Suit is up to the minute in «rtyle
snd durable.  Good range of siies.
Pay Day Only $9.90
Our Siiriiip: WHlipa^rH
are more beautiful than ever
thin year,
Dont rorff«t to Look sat Tb«m.
Pay Day Prica.
$4.05 each
Special Order
Clothing;
We wish .to announce that samples of the new
fabrics for Spring, and portfolio of advanced styles
for men who want to be up to the minute, are on
display in our Clothing Department. We guarantee
a perfect fit. This means we do not want you to
feel you take any chance ordering from us. We
take all4responsibility. The fit will be perfect and
the workmanship faultless.
We are agents for—
THE 20th CENTURY CLOTHING 00/      .
WM. H. LEISHMAN & CO. "JSam
COPPLEY, NOYES & RANDALL.
NEW SPRING SHIRTS
Sweaters
Men's Pullover
Sweaters, in Navy
Blue only; all sizes ; pure wool.
Wegular $1.50.
Special for Pay
Day 95c each
~vi nur men^s
(■oat Sweaters
will be sold at big
reduction    Satur-
iAv.
Pay Day Specials
Molasses Snap Biscuits 2 lbs. .25
Family Mixed Biscuits  per lb. .15
Robort«on?s Cream Chocolates per lb. .35
Robertson's Cream Chocolates ...,.,. 1 hox .35
Robertson's Mixed'Candy 2 lbs. .25
Braid's Best Coffee  2 lbs. .85
Lowney's Ooeoa ty lb. tin .20
Heh« Tomato Catsup pints .25
Peacfhea 2 lb. tin .15
King Edward Sardine* 2 tins .25
Robin Hood Plour 08 lb. sack 3.10
Red SealJam 5 lb, pail .50
Empire Ham per lb, .22
Empire Ba«on perlb, .22
Finnan Haddie 2 lbs. .25
Shamrock Matches 2 packet* ,85
Queen Quality Mixed Pickles 20 oc. .25
White Rose Toilet Soap 7 bars .25
Haby '• Own Toilet Soap per hox .28
Hpeeial Blend Bulk T<w 3 lbs. 1,00
Standard Peaa 2 lb. tin .10
Early June Peas, 2 lb. tin ..., 2 for .25
White Swan Yeast fi for .25
PATENT MEDICINE SPECIALS
Small Sponge each .05
>f- V,,..     0 ,..* ««*
•    ••■' I "-*••- - **v
X-xtiicn Ml*. I'Wi m
Lyman'a Beef Iron and Wine  .40
White Pine Cough Syrop  2 bottles ,25
-fJiu Pills 40
Lyman's Talcum Powder 2 tins .36
Tooth Brushes regular Mo, for ,20
|   Money Sav-
\
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL  AND COAL CREEK
Thc Store of
Quality
:.;-*mmm^mmmpi^.mim.
Omnium
-"W'WBMt-M-,.-***,,,.,

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