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The District Ledger Jul 25, 1914

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Industrial Unity Is Str«ub ,/r
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
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PoUU^jg^tity Is Victory
No. 48, Vol. VII.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JULY 25,1914
:£_ »?■*»"
SPECIAL CONVENTION
OF THE B. C. F. OF L
\J  ,	
Over One Hundred Delegates Meet'
to Discuss Serious Problem Before the Working Class
The call for a special convention of
organized tabor of British Columbia,
to ibe held under the auspices of the B.
C. Federation of labor, was respond*
ed to by more than 100 delegates
from all .parta of the province who
gathered In Vancouver Labor Temple
iast Monday -morning. The atmosphere ot seriousness which pervaded
the gathering from its opening moment to the gravity of the working
class situation throughout the Province -was most pronounced. No time
was wasted "on plausible platitudes
pleasantly told -by local notables. The
convention plunged at once into the
business for (which it had gathered.
The brief opening address of President
Watchman expressed the feeling
general throughout the convention,
that it was one of the most important
gatherings of labor which has ever
taken place in British Columbia. The
outstanding problem, overshadowing
all else the convention had to deal
with waa the situation of the miners
on ^Vancouver island-. The tenacious
and herblc struggle made by them for
tbe past two years, despite every
measure of deceit and repression used
by the McBrida-Bowser Government,
has brought them the admiration and
sympathy of all sections of the movement, -from the Atlantic to the Pacific
coast Their struggle, present situation, and future hopes, were laid by
them before the convention in fullest
detail. In its desire to stretch its resources to the limit, the convention
was placed between its sympathy for
the miners and the appalling condition
of unemployment throughout the Province. As a practical -way out of the
dilemma, various proposal wero made.
Theae culminated' In a decision to takq
a referendum vote of organized labor
throughout British Columbia as to the
advisability aad possibility of calling
"ungeneswiTtrnario "rorce" morenequF
table terms of settlement for the miners than ihat contained in tbe wretched offor of the operators recently received through iPremier MoBrlde. Tho
vote waa ln the affirmative by 48 for
to 36 against Four organizers are also to be sent out into various parts -pf
the Province to address Local Union*
in favor of a general suspension of
work. The mockery ot McBride's
"Whito a C." waa condemned at the
Wednesday evening session by resolution demanding total exclusion of
all Asiatic*. The convention was
tense with interest during every moment of its three days sitting, and
those who watched and listened care,
fully believe the future will prove
that this gathering la destined to
mark an epoch In the struggles of
labor In British Columbia.
miners' situation before the convention. He said In part: "As the miners
of District 28 are chiefly responsible
for this convention being called, I will
endeavor to give yoa a few of the reasons why we made the request. I
shall not takeup your time by recounting all the efforts to bring this
strike to a successful termination.
After having tried all the methods
within our power, we realized, two
months ago, that It -would be well to
have a conference of all our locals to
consider the situation. This we did.
.We have made a fight for the miners
of the Island such as no other Union
on this continent could have done, and
we were of the opinion that if we met
with reverse it would have a very disastrous effect on the entire labor
movementof this Province. We came
to the conclusion that a special convention of this Federation should be
called, in ^>rder that the whole matter
might me laid before you so that you
could consider in what way you could
'beat help tooth yourselves and us. If
we could secure\the enforcement of
the law of this Province, we could win
this strike. -But, Premier McBride, as
Minister of Mines, has consistently
failed and refused to move in that
direction. The coal mines act distinctly says that men working in the
mines shall be aible to read English, so
that they, may understand' the notices
posted at the pit mouth by inspectors
for the safety of those working therein. At this time the mines are full of
Aslatacs * and non-English-speaking
men, who cannot read a word of
those instructions. You may not
realize the danger of men of that kind
being in the mines, but, as an experienced miner, I can say that a large
share of the explosions which occur
in mlnea, like the one at Hlllcrefrt, a
few weeks ago, are due to Just such
NOTICE
•At the last session of the Legislature
at Victoria, there was a new election
law -passed, making it obligatory upon
all naturalized British subjects, when
applying to have their name placed
on the voters' list, to produce their
naturalization certificate. All members of .Michel Local Union will kindly
take notice of this new law, and if not
in possession of'their naturalization
•papers, take steps to recover same.
H. ELMER,
Secretary Michel Local Union.
AVVISO
A lultinia sessione delta Legislature a Vdttotia e passata una nueva
legge sulle votozionl che tutti chi vuel
entrare nella lista del voti deva far
vedere la carta di Citadinaza.
La Unione oUbliga tutta a membri a
prendere questa carta chi non la
anoera chi i melto utile.
H. ELMER,*
Secretary -Michel Local Union.
OZNAM
Pri minulem zasedanl Provinclenalaj
Leglslatury ve Victoria Nevy volebny
zakon bel predlezeny a petvrdeny.
Ktery nezladiuje setkych Cudzozemcov
ktery vibrali Obcianske paplerov vc
Canade Pedla zakona aby sa kazdy
freukazal se svejim papirem pry
ziadani.jeho meno zapis na Votlist.
A pre Michelska Domava Unia
vizlva setkych svojych udov ktery
nemaju try rukach svojych obeiaskych
paplerov aby si kazdy zaepUru na
cas Mebe sa stane nepristupnira
hlusevauta V smiole novlehc zikona.
H. ELMER,
Secretary Michel Local Union.
HILLOriEST  RELIEF  FUND   ♦
■  ap
Mayor Gates and Alderman ♦
T. Uphill were around town ♦
yesterday, soliciting aid on be- ♦
half of Hillcrest Relief Fund, ♦
and will continue to canvass the ♦
town until everyone who wishes ♦
to contribute has had the oppor- ♦
tunity of increasing this worthy ♦
fund. ♦
THE CAflTLIDGE BENEFIT
The committee in charge of the above
benefit desire' to thank all those who
helped to make the concert such a
great success,, and append below a
'balance sheet of receipts and expenditures, showing amount handed to Mr.
lOartlidge:
Tickets taken out, 600 »t 50c..?300.00
Donations ...*•      2.00
Tickets sold at dopr     12.00
$314.00
Tickets returned unsold $ 70.50
Rent of theatre     29.00
Due to Mr. Cartlidge   214.00
$314.00
P. BRINDLEY.
Secretary.
The Crow's Xest Trading Co. football club trounced the Bankers, to the
tune of 3-1. The clerks claim that they
should have scored considerably more
and would have done so had they been
able to secure a suitable scoring
board attendant. It is stated that several of the financial gentry risked and
lost huge sums on the game.
C.  N.  P.  FOOTBALL LEAGUE
.Matches last Saturday:
■Corbin, 2;  Prank, 0.     Referee
Longworth.
Notice
A meetipg of the League will
ibe
held ia Fernie on Saturday next, the
25th.
THE   HALF   HOLIDAY   FOOTBALL
LEAGUE SOCIAL
The members and friends of the
Half-Holiday League assembled in the
hall of the Fernie Athletic Club on
Wednesday evening and enjoyed a
most delightful time, with songs
sandwiches and liquid refreshments.
P. B. Fowler of the Bank of Commerce was in the chair, supported by
several prominent business people.
The following contributed items to a
program which was much appreciated: Jimmy Woods, J. W. Quinney, A.
Prentice, John Woods, Mr. Dodge, H.
Bourne, Rqss MoCord, J. Puckney,
Mr. Schofield.
Owing to derangement of his voice,
caused by a sprained wrist, Mr. Wil-
braham Taylor was unable to give his
pathetic recitation, "Mary Had a Little Lamb."
MAN KILLED AT BULL RIVER
On Monday last a fatal accident occurred at the C. P. R. Camp No. 12,
Bull River. It appears that Malcolm
Ferguson was felling a tree, and had
just stepped clean when a dead tree
that had been leaning against the one
he was cutting, dropped upon him
crushing him severely. The poor fellow lingered several hours, but eventually succumbed to his injuries. Dr.
Bell of Cranbrook held inquest on the
22nd and a verdict of accidental death
was returned.
Report of N. Fraser on
Hillcrest Explosion
Inquest on Hillcrest
Explosion Victims
The special convention of the Brit*
Ish Columbia Federation of Labor was
called to order at 10 o'clock last Monday morning, la the Labor /Temple
by Jas. H. McVety, vice president of
tho Tnadea aad Labor council. The
executive ofttoera of the Federation
and 110 dtlegatta were present Thia
attendance wat higher than had been
expected, especially In view of the
fact that tha bails ot representation
was changed at the laat convention,
reducing the number of delegates
each Union la entitled to send.
(Mr. MeVttyv ia optntng tha conven.
tion and wetoatet tha delegates,
said: "On behalf or tha Trades aad
Ijfeor Cornell tt givta ne much pleat-
ore to wtkoae too te this conven.
tion. We hav* mt arrant** tor tbo
aiotyet or Prettier (McBride or any
other 'eminent paraoaa* to greet yea.
as we fell that the most appropriate
aad sincere veleone we can attend
to yea ta that of the Trades and Labor
■OMtnoll. Wa wtdoomn yen at»o to onr
Labor Temple, wblch. after examination, art think you wilt agree, ta ao
disgrace to the looal labor meremeet.
ft ia on open boost to yen daring yonr
stay, and we trait yon will net ht
alow to avail yoaraolvat of Ito many
eoavmi-ttnos* 1 thall net attempt to
anticipate or 4-tnl with aay of the
bualneat which ia likely to eomt ht*
fort year coanrtttlot. Neither shalt
I detain jet ky nuking ont of those
spetches which art tiie oread of del*,
gates need te attending conventions
tt I or let-stand the res wat which
have brought r»« b*f*. year business
ta strioea, aad tht eooaer yea get to
H the betltr yet w:*; bt pletrtd."
Preheat A. ttYihmut, 3a t«Mtg
tht chair, itt!; "Oi mSkit ef tkt
ft. a Ftdamtloa of l#ihor i xbnnk
Vancouver Twite aad Labor Cotacll
for tie welcome ttttndtd na, and for
tht pftptitUena mndn tot ib* con*
vtnflon and tor comfort. Thf* la
probably tbt aattt Important roavso.
ttm*   tw   e*te**t**d   Hte** trhtr** kaa
non-enrorcementToTthe law. As the
Government will not enforce the law
we are of the opinion that a more
aggressive policy is needed. Strikebreakers on the IfAunA are even now
carrying arms and ammunition, although the houses of Union men have
•been searched and all weapons taken
away by the police.- When we pro-
tefcted to^Mr. Bowser on this matter,
he replied that if the strike-breakers
needed the guns for their safety they
would be permitted to retain them.
•Many of our men who were sent to
goal have already served their terms,
according to the judgment passed upon them by. Judge Morrison. He said
their sentences would date from tbe
time of their arrest, but Mr. Bowser
Is causing them to be detained as
though they were sentenced from tbe
date of sentence. We have repeatedly brought this to the Attention of
Attorney-General Bowser, but he re*
fusee to move in the matter. If two
of our men are seen standing together
on the street In Nanaimo when the
strikebreakers art returning from
work, they are arrested for unlawful
picketing. Bowser aayt he is Juitl-
fled in taking any action he thinks
fit in view of what ht calla an unusual
situations Tht treatment we are
getting now la in store for all or you
at tome future time whaa you are on
strike. Tbt mines art full of Asiatics!, and there la not ont white firt*
man working at tht mines on the
Island.
"I will not launch Into tht political
aapect of this natter Just now," continued (Mr. Totter, "but It data item
a toollih thing for tht workmen of
this Province to bt quarreling over
alight differences In politics, instead
of combining all their forces to fight
McBride and his corrupt Government
llie miners have tried alt the method*
whWi Industrial notion atone ran fur*
nlsh. but still have not been able to
product tbe desired results. If tht
laws we now hare cannot be enforced
than wbat ia the use of laws and itrlv.
ing for more laws? These things
should bt imt up plainly and tquattly
to tbt membership of the various
Unions, so thst they may realise the
-situation In which the whole working
data of this Provinco is placed, and
thereby devise a solution."
The adjourned, Inquest on tbe victims of the Hillcrest explosion reopened on Tuesday last in Masonic
Hall at Hillcrest.
Coroner F. ~i&. Pinkney, of Blairmore. had charge of the innulrv. and
gas to be dangerous?
Witness:   Yes.
•Mr. Palmer: Was the condition of
the mine such that morning that you
would have fired shots If necessary?
Monday Afternoon Italian
With th* opting of the session
Pretldent Watchman called oa Cbrlt.
Pattinson of the minora, who said:
"Tba fight mi tbo Inland ia a fight tor
tht right to protect the live* sad jobs
of tit minora. Wt have mot with
every opposition from the tlov-ernmeet
wbo have boa* tat willing aervaata of
tho mint owner* This win continue
•Bleat tbt labor morem-Mit of this
Provinco will take a stand and do
stUMtbtag pmetteat. Tlw LaliriaUeuf
al office of tbt U. M. W. of A. has air-
met tdtbummeb *<**Mt m »
the following constituted the jury: J.
W. Gresham (foreman), Chas. Fuchus,
A. E. Farmer, John Thonfas, John
Sharmi, Harry Smith. William Goodwin, Thomas Duncan, George Grafton,
E. Roes Mackenzie.
Mr. Campbell, K. <?., Crown Prosecutor, addressed the jury nnd suggested
that Instead of going into details as
to the cause of death in each Individual case they take the list of men,
supplied by the coat company, as entering tbe mine on the morning of the
disaster, and give their verdict to cover all. They could not Individualize,
aa some were killed by the force of
the explosion, s6me by gas and other
by caves; tbe explosion was the real
cause of death and tbey had better
takd all the cases together. This was
agreed to.
The first witness called was W. Adlam, wbo was fire boss on the night
before the explosion and was the last
to report
In reply to the coroner, witness
stated tbat In his opinion the ventilation waa good and the mine was In the
same condition as usual. He had noticed nothing unusual that morning.
Aiked If It was a fact that gas was
found In 2, 5,12, 17 and 43 raises of
No. 1 North, and that bad rock waa
reported In 7, 8 aad 38, witness replied tbst this was so.
Questioned aa to whether be bad examined aU the old workings and gone
to tht outlet, witness replied that he
had not examined all tbt old workings
and did not go to tbt outlet that
morning.
*y a Juryman: I waa alwaya under
the Impression that according to the
(Mines Regulation Act you are expected to examine all workings in the
mine and all airways?
Witness: I can't do It in three
hours.
By -Mr. Patm#r!   No. 2 fan wat fori?-
Ing on morning of explosion?   Did
you examine all tht places?
Witness; All but ont.
iMr. Palmer:   How long would   it
take (o clear tbe gaa out of tbt raises?
Witness:   About twenty minutes.
Mr. Palmer:   Weald yen lay ytnti.
lation was as nood when forcing   as
when exhaust leg?
Witness: I think tht ventilation
was good.
Mr, Palmer:   Did all the air that
wenMnto No. l South alao travel No.
J North?
Witness:   Yes
iMr. Palmer:   Do you consider (hat
good ventilation?
Witaett;   6o*>2 temgb,
Mr, Palmer:   By changing fan from
force to exbsuit, It would make one
split lata?
Witness:   Yea.
iMr. Palmer: After thc laipactor of
Mines had mado his Inspection, was
tht ntafetr of met Increased tr de-
(•fwtcmdf
tt=-j\«bBo"
-¥€
the places
Q.:    If the ventilation was good,
could there possibly be an explosion?
A.:    Xo.
Q.:   Why?
A.:   Xo amount pf gas to cause ex-
e^aeeumulated-in-the
At the request of District 18, U. M.
W. of A., I made an examination of the
Hillcrest Mine, operated by the Hillcrest Collieries, Limited, with a view-
to determine the cause and effect of
the explosion which occurred on June
19tb, 1914.
I examined the greater part of the
accessible portion of the mine and beg
to report as follows:
The force of the explosion had evidently gone out No. 1 tunnel with
great violence, as it had blown the
roof of the engine room near the entrance to tlie tunnel.' On going down
No. 2 Slope lt was found that very
little damage had been -done to the
slope itself, but at the juncture of Xo.
2 South Level and Xo. 2 Slope, the
force of the explosion was very violent. On the Xo. 1 South Level an
air receiver, estimated to weigh about
two tons, had been blown outwards towards the slope, a distance of 200 feet
from ita original position. At Xo. 1
Xorth entrance it was found that the
force of the explosion had spent itself
a very short distance from the junction of that entry with No. 2 Slope.
It was from this district of the mine
that aii the survivors escaped, Following in the Xo. 2 South entry, it
was found that the force of the explosion had come down from the rooms,
but the force evidently .became less
and less until the faco of the entry
was reached, where there had been
practically no disturbance. The Xo.
1 slant was badly wrecked and the evidence of force appeared sometimes co
point In one direction and sometimes
in another. Towards the bottom end
of the slant the force was certainly in-
bye, and towards the top of the slant
the force was certainly outbye. The
rooms to the high side of this slant
showed very little effects of the explosion. The rooms extending from the
Xo. 2 South through Xo. 1 South to
the Xo. 1 Slant were practically stripped of timbering, but as the roof is
very good in this part of the mine,
there was practically no caving. The
greatest evidences of heat were to be
found in the dead ends of the rooms
from 37 to 46 on the Xo. 2 South Level.
The working places from 36 to the
a most noticeable fact that whenever
the explosion reached a road which
was wet and free from dust it died out
in a very short distance. This is true
of the Xo. 1 Xorth Level, the dip workings in the slope, and the level at foot
of Xo. 1 Slant.
I am unabte to state the initial
cause of the explosion. I think shot-
firing can .be eliminated in this -case
as the shot firer was found with firing cable round his neck and battery
key ln pocket. The most probable
cause of the explosion is. in my opinion, the ignition of gas, which in turn
exploded the coal dust in the air and
propagated the explosion through the
dry parts of the mine.
On the morning of tlie explosion sev-
eral places were found with gas reported, and aa this standing gas was
being moved, plus the gas being made
'by the faces, it would cause a cap of
gas in the ventilating current in Xo. 2
South. This contention is also
strengthened by the fact that in room
32 there were two holes properly placed and all ready to charge and fire, but
the fire boss had evidently passed
them without firing, as his body was
found in room 35. it is very likely
that he refused to fire those shots on
account of a cap of gas travelling in
the air. as in the regular course of his
duties he would have fired these shots
before proceeding as far as 35 room.
There would also be clouds of fine
ceal dust in the air caused by the coal
running down the chutes. All the ele?
ments for' an explosion would therefore be to hand, and it only required
an Initial flame to start theexploBrfon,
I would state that in my opinion the
arrangement of the haulage roads
made the mine hard to ventilate, and
there was liable to be so much leakage
owing to chute holes before the air
reached the working face of Xo. 2
South Level that the current would be
feeble. 24,000 cubic feet per minute
has been the amount recorded as having been circulating in Xo. 2 South,
but in all probability this quantity
was measured in the main Intake or
main return, and gave no Indication of
how much air reached the face.   Gen-
">1j; TAivls:    Wfl J't'U -ti jxj   |.'*in
tvttbtt.htltl.art^Caltmbta.eri^^^ Wiwtt;  l tout mow
etkt widm ■t'mt-xam ie ibi* imn^*i»»,   -
Wt are h«r» chiefly
4tot U the slbtfUtt
2*82* I* f'iH?,?LS,S!Sl ?^J&l*»'i»«-<' owtlffcelai to ttotatlp of tbt
ttrtht  to  whkh  thty are tagafM. Cm, Mlatt Rtgtlttien Aet. Wrttettng
titan b***! atttmad «*-#   ? went wn tn
*»* -im..ptmnw-ummw, * -»«*»   •*
dihgatea •» the ebteeen, mA 1 taut
Mr.     Mr. Palmer:   In
where you reported gas?
Witness:   No.
By the Jury:     What do you tamp
shot holes with?
Witness:   Clay.,
By the Jury:   At all times?
' Witness:   Yes,
By the Jury:, When you examined
mine after explosion did you form any
opinion as to where the explosion occurred'/
Witness:   Xo.
At this stage the jury insisted that
all reports be produced and placed
before them.
It was found, however, that this was
Impossible, as the judge had them In
his possession.
By Jury: The -coroner's jury had
been empanneled and had been sitting
for a few daya before tho order-In.
council was made appointing Commission, and In common courtesy to the
coroner's court, all fire-bosses' reports
should have been left at their disposal.
Medical evidence having been given
by Dr. Rom as to cause of death, Mr.
Goodwin, who formed one of tbe rescue crew first on tho scene, was
called.
Questioned as to whether the pulmotor was in good condition, the wit-,
ness ssld that it was no.* '
-By the Jury:   If it bad been, would
It not have been   possible  to  have
saved more men?
Witness would not venture to aay.
Chas. Ironmonger, fire boss, wai tbo
next witness.
(By the Jury:   Art any repairs done
to fan or machinery during holidays?
Witness:   Not to my knowledge.
By tbt Jury:   Tbere la no doubt
that the gas out of No. 2 South would
pasa through the working faces?
Witness: No; it must go with the
sir current, which puses through the
working places.
By the Jury:  Wbat part ot the mine
were you working In when the explosion occurred?
Wltneiii  North ilde.
By tbt Jury:  Dtd yon hear any  report previous to explosion?
Witness:   I never beard anything.
By tbe Jury:   Would you consider
this mint a dusty mine?
.Witaeaa: Wall, some fdacta are
very wet: In other places there la a
little dust.
By the Jttry: Woutd you conalder It
very dusty in those places?
Witness: Wtll, It's dusty in tome
placta.
By Mr P»tm#r   Isn't is a fact that
tbe braitlcemen used dust ta bank up
tbe stoppings?
Witness:   Tea.
Ity (Mr. Campbell:   lan'r  It a  fact
thst you ttiwd everything lying aronnd
far tbat purpose?
Wit act*.   Yet,
By Mr. PaUntr:  If No. 1 North vet-
IIMIMNN  peatm  into***   ,\v.  t,  O-util*
•.•.-[in'tl "-ri.i ttilflV %t\t ;t .jrrififl "-If-m
face of Xo. 2 South Level appeared to {orally speaking It waa the custom to
nlflPPH.   bllt   fllP'""   **"*-   "   vnnltlala  tl*-.   ■roln^g   *"*■*■*•   j""-"   >._--■»
■hfiJampJn_.nlac£s,_huL^there~.was
HLf-£..- -jittL itm/meA, and la ott  elegit tight nej Hake a mon thorough examination of I   Wttnesa:   It would bt better tf
IrUuiiL  J^fil*** flu* tb. €*h»t«»*w  ww* Ifottjtittt part of tbt mine aadtr yoot tor- mpaiate «mil of  pare   air te:
Itwtlrttoo?
Wittttwr
Tea.
tattd No. S Booth.
Th* next wttneas
r*\.t. "tlr,,* r.it      -% .       *r*
Tftllll-
was W. Outhrle,
■%•%«»*a*,  ttitt   f/tti
mine if ventilation had ben good.
From a question by Air. Aspinall, Inspector of Mines, it was stated that
the mine was a well ventilated mine.
By Mr. Aspinall: Still you had to
break the brattice before gas could be
removed? ,
A.:    Yes.
Q.: Having to do that, would you
call lt a good system of ventilation?
Xo answer.
By Mr. Campbell: Did you ever
report the dangerous conditions you
havo found in the mine?
A.:   No.
Q.:    Why?
A.: Because I would have been very
likely to have been fired.
By *Mr. Aspinall: What, reasons
have you for saying tbat?
A:   Well; I think so.
Qy. Did you ever know of anyone
who had been discharged for reporting dangerous condition In this mine?
A.:   No.
Q.: Was there a stopping in tho
overcast over No. 2 slope?
A.: Yes; I put It in myself, and
banked it up with six feet of debris.
(Overcast No. 2 alope was used to
convey the return air from No. 1
North to main return some tlmo previous to explosion, But this overcast
had bad a stopping about six feet In
thickness so as to make the main %n>
ery In No. 1 North tha return for that
district.)
Henry James wsa questioned by tht
jury witb regard to the efficiency of
the apparatus, but the latter waa of
tht opinion that the fault lay rather
with the Inefficiency of tbo users and
not tbe apparatus. He claimed tbat
ht sent five complete sets of apparatus Immediately upon receipt of the
alarm. Including two pulmotors. one
of which had been stolen.
Mr, Watson wss ci-iMed to the stand
to give evidence .with regard to tbt
efficiency of tbe apparatus. Witness
stated tbat In his opinion they were
very good and the mine rescue car
outfit compared very favorably with
any tbat he had previously inspected
either I ntbe United States or eastern
Canada.
Queationed by Vice President  Wm,
Graham:   la It a fact tbat tbe Belgian miners are supplied with Individual   apparatus    which   contains
enough oxygen to keep s man alive
thirty mint*?
A.' Not that! know of.
Qy. Do you   know of any country
whore such apparatus   Is used?
A • I do eot.
Q: fin yen not think thst tbls
would b* sn improvement on th* rescue <*ar?
Wlto-Mi, who was Inrllti-wt to   be
pon-otrnwiittnl, said be dtd not know.
Qy.   If It *aa proven that such an
apparatus   would    facilitate   n**m
work, would you advocate tbe adop-
i*u« »t a««*».
\ ■ ? rertn'rV- «:tnM
Chief Inspector ot Mine* .T. T. 8Hr.
ling waa the next witness, and reply-
(OMitee** •• rate VMnktl
great deal of dust In' the rooms from
31 to 36, although in room 36 itself
there was quite a stream of water running down. Xo. 2 South Xevel was
wet and the Xo. 2 Slope was wet. Xo.
1 Xorth was also wet and the level at
the bottom of No. 1 slant was also
soaking wet. The workings to the
dip of No. 2 South wero wet and they
were hardly affected at - all by the
force of the explosion. It is a very
noticeable fact that wherever the
roads were wet the explosion, very
soon died out. The mine had been
Idle for two days before the accident,
and the fire boss gave evidence that
he had found gas In several places,
two of these being ralsee 30 to 40 feet
in height. TheBe raises were full of
gas to the level when he made his examination on the morning of tbe accident. All the rooms in places where
gas was reported were on the same
ventilating current and It had evidently been tbo custom in this mino to
commence moving standing gas a little
before tbe time when the miners commenced work.
CONCLUSIONS
After an examination of nearly all
accessible parts of the mine and after
having beard tbe evidence given and
examined the exhibits produced, I
have reached the conclusion that tbe
explosion originated at some point In
the No. 2 South workings below No. 1
South.
The evidences of the direction of
forces are very conflicting In places,
but all along No. 2 South entry the
force camo down. On the Inside end
of No. 2 South there was a slight force
Inwards, and on the outside ot No. 2
South there waa great force outwards.
At the opening* of nome of the rooms
from No. 31 to 36 the force certainly
went up to No. 1 Slant and on No. 1
Slant sproad both ways, coming right
up and out of tunrel mouth. At th*
foot of No. 1 Slant the force went In
tbo level for a short distance.    It Is
nauu
fans, which were not kept operated
constantly, so as to provide nn adequate amount of ventilation as required by section 58 of the Act.     These
fans only worked when tbe   miners
worked, and therefore the raises would
fill with gas between    shifts.     Tbo
raise in Xo. 2 South was full ot ga* on
the morning of the accident     The
management evidently jthought that a
change In the ventilation was desirable
as a short time before the expbslon
they combined the quantity in two bc-
parate splits.    Thus the air. after ven-;
tliat ing the faces In No. 1 North w&s
circulated through thc workings to the .
dip, and the workings of Xo. 2 South.
ThU was one continuous air current'
employing approximately 176 men,
The number of coal faces at work on •
thlf. one split would bave been greatly
reduced and therefore the amount of
gas and dust given off In this spilt
would have been greatly reduced hnd
tho number of men been limited na required by the Mines Act. Carrying
the matter a step further It Is quite
possible that had the same amount
of air been taken Into No. 2 South cud
the number of workmen reduced to
comply fUh the Act, the percentage
of gas and dust present in the air
might have been reduced to a point,
where it would have taken a considerable initial explosion to cause the
whole mine to explode.
It will also be noticed that all that
separated the air current in tbe Nos.
1 and 2 mines were the plank stoppings In No. .16 and In the end of No.
1 South level. Also that any leakage
from the return of No. 1 North with
2 and 3 South would pass Into the In.
tako of No. 1 slant. Ail the different
parta of tbe mint are so intimately
connected and the stoppings aud over
casts were so fragile tbat an explo-'
■Ion wan bound tn nm throuah oenrlv
sll tba mine, hence the extent of this
H'ontuuril nil Pema Kltktt
—5-5S
Fiend Busy
in Fernie Again
Mttr a period o' comparath «• tm-iM* umlerww, losing everything.
man ity from fire,   the   hrlatd««   r*.|   jt t« ai!#>e«.<f that tb* fir* oriflntt-ed
eel-red a mail early on Monday mortittiRjihrtniuh the oviirhcatlng  of   a   coal
and ruabtd to tbe north end of   the jamp, whl<-b was bflng u»«t w warm
tOWB.    Th« ftr-f w«l ■Uteovrrad fn b*   ^jJi tuf m -uuui,    TU. *H.*t't*r- atiUk*-
raging In Tony Sbrello's bmne, on »f ,**,.» two rtiitdrea, who »»r* *!«*j>lng
Work ootslde tbe city limit* and cottic ju ,),,. tmr, *u*i tbelr   crl***   quickly
arountd tli« other   m«mb#r»   of tlw*
hou**»hr>!<t.
wan ihi. Mtetumt Uhtrr'    Tiw lirl««d" mt>^ « r**or*i «»«»«ill
»•* mr i«*winn ""■"jaw! had water on In « vi'ry f<»w min-
tbo
t    TV» -wi-?M»*r*v  ■»•«« ■<n«n*r>e4 *n<" It too
CONDITIONS AT POCAHONYAt
that yet wilt gtvt K rmr <*!»•« and
j»    -« •f^yx^^^^Kt^^^a ■—
qpv*^m^^mv^et<v
li P.
moet atoeert
WftmMjm^k tt§t________i____i
iff tallowy Utoj^ "horn
PteaMtMi tf Umf, mm fttdr
"WasMagtom ^Mw'-t seed fratar-
y«Mkr cttvauUtt will bo ibe tmotitn in
ony tf tolaftot ••• «•
.—_ -—itt» ii iter Prettem
•d wn bmw.
"tLW, WWKtt,"
w -t-^w g^W'-^^^^^^w   w^m**^^mttm^^^^w
  tf Mantel
OA. CtUti J4t/t* Wether* tl AimsU*
m-ntdb te Urn Tteetettr Mast dta-l
(riet-waa Ami taRtd upon to lay tit I
retHtt that tn tvtry reentry ta the
weril bit Oaeada pMfcadag Is a rt-
cognised right ef tbo woriura. Thia
antttr ia • Httl tee and eeaeerae
tvtry Untoe astn   it thit ttaty.   If
jfettbjb   mw    wtt    mm   ___t   dk     -gttjiu,  gBgmJg   ggnj^g,   Ak^an
let u. Jt. w. t» *. tott tts wit xwm
fight, what clatet ie ytt tbftk nr
nflttr tfnton tint tmfmtt ttm mmbtned
^F^WHWe^^pttw   m^o   n*^e*j^wwmim^^^e&   **w*-^^w   ww™ tf -^w"
wmdf TMt tt oot only tkt tight tf
tht attar* bat of all It-bar tt Mtttb
Cittfblt. Tee mm meem nJtetd te
Natl Idly by aai set tffc*r «erlM»
battae tad dftvae hath to tml* ati
ite tilat tteiltttee. It em* bt veev
tem** tttt, md if yte have cttrtgt
aai trtttlalt tet wM ttt htMti* tbt
mfttatt and U& Hum loii. tht tfaur
mnWewtate,
tif    '
Witatsa:  No.
Mr. Patmtr: If at any time yon bad
reported wtrt gat Ota total, that
weaM shew thtt tit vettllatlot wat
not so good—would It get?
Wttetw: No; It might be tbe fsilt
uf tbe hrattku.
•Mr. FaltMr: feat ON brtttlcf t
pari nt tba reotftntUm «jwt#»*
Witt***:   Tta.
Mr. Ptimtr: If ttt bnttkt wtrt
tot to-abnf after, tht tattral ft****
weaM *>• bad vtttllttfoo?
WRaeat:   Tet.
Mt. Pabett: Wbse fee fbai pit it
a place it yee Mate mmmmi
wkMtt*. Met jmA teem eM.
Uttm     ;A.k*_d*|<u.        mA   ^^^^^    Mk_4_m^9M-    Am    iwJHK
tmt. flMHri    m mm *MM0 * 11 OH,
there mutt bt a atffMtet amount ot
dition of tht mint wai good or bad.
statei that it waa "Jtit aa nseal."
q:  Wat tht vtatllatlee good?
A.:   It eotW bt better.
Q r Did yet tver fltd gaa ia tht
mine?
A.: I have found a tittle gat In
North «trr.
«.: Wat a a btbit ef tbe ite bey.
wbn «es fBttael to tarn band fan
ati k«*p gat nm ot the raiatt, te tu*
lite what tbt mint wat MM?
A:   I tbitk to.
Q- How wttM yet compart tbe
sattttttiet tf thit mite ttth saber
■liftit J**W lNW# WtffNV Ift?
n< *     A>^n  t mm
Q..  ttoud M bad!
A*:
times bad
1,760 feet of hose had to be Hid from
tbt last hvdranf on Vlrtorte »veno<» fo
rearb th«» bli-ntiv With »h>« wind blow
Ing a mile, It
r.; Jw/as; '£ tr 2r^i».»»«** <* «* «*«««•w
•unite toetai ettr    mtteiai    v*.*\*amu»t
nemm the street would to. an* «'waa!»«K '*• •*•*«• '«' *-m   Th* bonne m
necessary to leave tho main blaxe and j« ,<M*' *r«-a.
cxtiiwrith thc wnaJI fiwt that *u»ir.5t   I" '.» *■>.■». nbf. ut * ioit...iAns*: J^t.
on tho roof a of houtoa opposite.   It a fire w-mrrHl  Inthe  earn*  houso
.was th* worn fire thl» town h«* e*P«-1 nkon tW«; t(m»>   last   yetit,   nnd tbe
„!,,„,*»     ...r,      lV»      *.».*..     »t..* '     1IVC     '.*-*,,    .       ...       •*      ■ ■**     *-. I   ■ *
nnd cltliens have to thank the efforts!coal oft tamp or heater, wbtoh wn* boot tb* ftw chief   and   his   lads for Sua used for tk* same purpos*.
avoiding wbat Otherwise   mu«t  bave) —- —•—■
been a very sertoo* «onfls«r«tion. j On Wednesday morning tb* barn sit-
Tt* fwMdent* on either ltd* ww oat-wl tipen property owned by Kruest
•wal* and prepared to quit to a mo- RHty, of Illver Heights, We#t remit,
mtat's notice, while Um boat (rom thej was completely destroyed by fir* Tbo
name* and fty'.na embara *.*>* a, ..-or. .•'.i-i-"  '.A -tv  fir-'- te >.nktw*a,    ml
We have received word from tbe
above eamp that conditions art far
from twty tbere. Recently sixty mtn
war* laid off and moat of thorn have
travtlM to the Brasoau fHrtd, W#
would point out again tbe necessity of
tttrtMng cattion   when   about   to
leas© oat cas&p aftd Jouraey la atwtb    ,  „ .    	
tr. A Anni bt nnatrtattry eefftrtng tineti wares of danger to onlooker*.}once the betiding wns tiiaht thore wsa
ta ■neeneltm-e/l by   »b« bnppx'.tet^lm'ltaittmtl tb* wind hmen bfwwler fn tbt* M-'-nr* *,ttaelblr ikaren »o *»*•#> It
methods of tome Individuals,   Th** fortlen of th*   town,   it   Is dosVfu!' —   -~™—7-7-* .
' wbmber the brttade weeW haw* mk*{ T»o •harks situated at tht roar of
twebod as welt aa tb#y did. at Th*'***' r«fc* t-tmt war* mtltad »« be oo
rrowdod condition of tbo beeese wootd j fir* W<s.|n*»i§«y moroif* .o-f befor*
tote hamper** every movement. )b*;p *t**m bn steered to J lab* t«a., fir*
AHboetb tk*r* wet* tbrem <>blMr*» .iib-ey **»r* burnei down it t* waled
• Truman and a man sletptng la tbt!that w**r $300 to cash was lest ta thia
btete tt tt* x-m*. XOmy ed mute**-*, iif*. iU .*<^»*i»V* kmtXen ■<«* t»t.U»
te tteapo. Tbt letter waa tle«ptnc inlin tbt security ef tht aback tbat a
tht garret, snd minped In notblnjt hix', ibsnk.
_ tome
wt« tot uke edvkt and do not ttth
tafefaeMloe. bet Jump right off tato
t new oamp -taking a etnac*," aa thoy
aa?, eeen tbtattteg «*»k there. Timet
todivfiaaiawlU otttm b* itmed bntedm
m weal ani bemotalag ceedttltet tad
btiVttb. It never oeeete to tlKM» Ibtt
tliy tem m a  Htttt flf»Tinf  ter
IMWMItwi ZA
K
TWO
SHE DISTRICT LEDGER^I'ERNIB,   B. 0., JULY 25,1914
jiocal Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W. A
^a^&-».-«£/.iV».*e^
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
^ Mset first and third Kridajs,
Mir.ers* HaU, Fernie: second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
HOSMER LOCAL
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 in K.
P. Hall, Main Street   Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet   every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached,—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Can-
more, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—J. Gorton, Sec
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Mitchell, Sec, Box
105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o"clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
.Sec, Bankhead, Alta.    •
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Barringham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
COLEMAN LOCAL
No>2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m.. in the Opera,-House.
Coleman.-^. Johnstone,^ec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth-
Sunday of each m-pnth at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries, "
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. tn
Union Hall. Maplo Leaf. No Sick
Society,—Thos. G. Harries,
PasRburg, Alta.
Sec.
v
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Ave-
nue North.—L. Moore, Seo.-Treas.
,     BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. —James
Burke. Sec, Box 36, Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society ' attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin. B. C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30,   at   Boarding, House.    Sick
and   Accident   Fund  attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec
■ ■■■   A	
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at'Miners Hall. Sick and
Benefit Society attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
.•ir-wTrtrawftTwt/ar^^^
Special Convention
ofB.C.F.qfL.
Continued From Page One
A  SQUARE   DEAL
IS WHAT THE "OCEAN" GIVES ITS POLICYHOLDERS
Here are a few claims we have paid of late
$35.70
30,00
17,50
54.30
$31.40
57.15
37.10
18.55
$10.00
20.00
18.50
17.00
$14.26
10.00
12.84
6.00
$21.42
12.84
37.71
20.00
$50.00
115.00
450.00
19.20
$17.99
64.60
26.97
50.60
IThe "OCEAN" is the Largest ACCIDENT Company in the
World
The "OCEAN" FAYS DAILY over $15,000 for ACCIDENTS
to POLI0YHOLDEE8
Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corp. Ltd, of London Eng.
A. B. CAMPBELL, Dist. Agent
Miners' Union Hall Block       -       Fernie, B.C.
and children have heen shot recently
In Colorado, and the same class power
'Which is responsible for that, will do
the same here. In my opinion we
have to choose hetween a general
strike, or, toy ouv refusal toi call it, we
shall endorse the miners going back
beaten.       -
, Del. Todd—This strike has failed in
■spite of the splendid .backing we have
had. ilt has been a strike of a section
of the workers, and. has proved that
the sectional method of striking is a
failura -Unionists ajre fighting unionists. Carpenters from Victoria are
building the new tippte at South Wellington. 'But if anyone here thinks
the miners are "beaten, I want them
to know that/we are not ibeaten by any
means.   -    .
.Del. Naylor—Three weeks after his
election as president of the union,
the -company commenced to discriminate against him. He was put in a
"place" in the mine where he could
not make -wages. 'His case was only
one of many. When the strike started
the Chinese came out also, but were
told *by(ispecial police that they could
either go back to work or get out of
Cumberland," The chief of police told
him he would arrest all men found
picketting. He replied that It was a
privilege of all British workers to
picket. Later,- other excuse "were
found by the police to stop picketting.
Strike-breakers were brought into
Cumberland, and the union shipped 50
per cent, ot them out . again. He
could say, without fear, of contradiction, that there were not more than
three white miners working in Cumberland mines today. Referring to his
arrest he said he was not in Cumberland when the disturbance took place,
tout pleaded! guilty-on .the advice of his
lawyer because he was given to understand that by so doing, men who
■were charged with more serious offenses would be treated with greater
leniency. He was of the opinion that
a general strike of all workers In
B. <C. was necessary. If it failed1 it
would; show the need of other methods.
•Del. Shenton submitted the following statement to show the approximately correct state of affairs in the
island mines:
Total number of men employed,
by the Western Fuel Co. before the strike for the >ear
J&12 	
Employed in ani around  the
mine at present	
Total tonnage for the year of
1912    576,797
Tonnage today at the rate of
746 tons per day at the rate"
of 301 days to the year..\ 224,546
The Canadian Collieries during
year of. 1912, normal tonnage
per day       2,898
At Cumberland at highest point
1,351
746
1,200
300
CASH MEAT MARKET
Saturday Specials
Beef Bolls
Pork
Pork Sausages -
Preth Cooked Tripe
Alberta Oreamery Butter
10c Ib.
10o Ib.
10o Ib.
12}clb.
70o 2 lbs.
Every description of Sausage and potted
Meat made on the premises by Expert
We Kill The Finest Ranch
Fed Cattle
Eckstein Blk.,  Fernie
^m
To Sports Committees
The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior Band is now
open for engagements. Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc. Apply
THOS. BIQQ8, Secretary,   Fertile, B. C.
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
Delegate Thomas of the Longshoremen asked what .remedy the miners
had to suggest.
Del, Martin moved that the executive of the Federation send out a pamphlet at the next Provincial election
informing rhe public of the action of
the Government in the strike.
Del. Sivertz thought some method
should be adopie.l which would bring
more 'imme.l-ato relief.
Del. Samson said he believed it
would be bes! to hear all views and
arguments first, then try to form a
plan of action.
On motion of Del. Rees, the motion
was laid on the table.
Del. Dykeman moved that a committee of five be appointed to 'bring in
some definite proposal on,which convention could act.
. Del. 'Pettigrew was of the opinion
that the matter should ibe thoroughly
discussed first, so that the committee
would have something to guide th*m.
Del. /Thomas said that he considered
a general strike was needed, so that
the men who handled the coal on the
water-front could ibe called out.
Farrington Invited to Speak
At this time, Frank Farrihgton, International 'Board -Menrber in charge
of the strike, was Invited to speak. He
said, in .part: "Three years ago the
miners of Vancouver Island began to
take steps to secure the assistance of
our organization, I was sent to look
over the situation and on niy return
recommended that the U. iM. W. of A.
should accede to their request, and
that course was adopted. But the
powers that be determined otherwise.
As soon as lt was known that the
Island miners were a part of ^the international labor movement the companies began a settled policy of dis-
criminationfcagainst them. This came
to a head when the men got together
to form plans for their protection.
Owing to them working on various
shifts it was not possible for them
to all meet at one time unless they
took a day off for that purpose, which
they did. When they went hack to
work the following day they were told
to take their tools out of the mines
and were locked out. That policy waa
pursued In all camps. The U. M. W.
of A. did not start the trouble. As a
matter of fact they were not prepared
at that time to make a move. They
wanted hlgger membership before doing so.- 'Notwithstanding that, the
international office of our Union came
to their help financially and has paid
a higher rate of relief on the Island
than has ever-been given to any district 'before "by the U. M. W. of A.
Afterwards  a  general strike   of all
miners waa called. It has been said
by 'Mr. Crothers, Federal Minister of
labor, that we did not ask the use of
IhWTra^mrlat^DiTOUterTn^MTgltiBn"
Act. -That is not true, and if Mr.
Crothers had been sincere   he could
have used his powerful office to prevent the strike continuing, hut it has
since become plain why he did not. At
the last session of the Dominion Parliament a telegram was produced from
(Mr. Coulson, who was at that \lme a
mine manager on the   Island.   That
telegram says that a board of inquiry
would not 'be necessary, as the men
could  not secure the miport of the
U. M. W. of A„ and would have ta
return to work, and that their appeal
for the inquiry was only a desperate
move.    The   miners   have   invoked
every influence which might be expected to 'bring an equitable settlement, *ut without result.   Every in-
fluence of the coal companies," backed
up by Provincial and Dominion Gov-
ernmentB had been used ln tho effort to
defeat the minerr. Up to the present
they have been defeated by political
power.    If It   were   not for Chinese
labor and the prevention of picketing
the strike would be won by now. VoU
can and should profit by their experience, to meet Blmllar contingencies io
the futuro.   We have nothing to be
ashamed of or to apologize for In this
strike.   The U. M. W, of A. has paid
out JHO.GOO every week ln rejjef to
the minors of the Island.   If fw. fool
that you are in a position  to bring
this trouble to a satisfactory' Issue for
the miners, do It. But do not do anything to place yourselves In a similar
position."
General Discussion
•Del. Foxcroft   advocated a general
strike, wblch he said he had always
'believed wns the right move to   end
tbe trouble.
The motion to appoint the /•ommlt-
tee was laid on the table,
'Del, Fisher movod that1 a referendum, railing a gon«>ral Rtrttio should
be submitted to the Unions.
Del.   Davidson   seconded,   not because he felt much good could come
from It, but because he wanted to see
tb* convention do something definite.
'At tMs time the convention went
Into committee of  the  whole,
Del, Wilton said bit experience In
Australia had taught him that politics! action was necessary, that  being
the method adoptod  there after tbe
K<wrii! strike of some yenrs ago hnd
proved a miserable failure.
Del, Diverts did not think political
action alone, without Industrial organisation, would solve the problem, but
Nt that tbe  miner* had been right
In wishing to   take tomraon council
with the tm\ of th* movement.
David   Irvine,   the   treasurer   in
charm of the strike funds, was Invited
to take the floor, and did so,   During
llie course of hi* speech be corrtAx*
rated tho *t«tcin<«nts of both .Mr. Fnr-1 Un*ahoremenr  spoke   against    tii?
rlagton and President Foster. ; practice of anions having agreements
t mttar Wrtim tmnrtanmatl Mlnart       '«**  «2*tr fn-r*' "..  :   «*:,,;■;.! -ilrlV.
Secretary treaeurer    Wells   at this!   The committee ef "the wboiit then
im* tnn-ii .* tuunr (runt tkn   nuit-m > rose and reported,
now in Jail,  calling  attention to  th«     Credentials wero received for W. B.
fart that their sentences bad already t Walker, of   Vancouvor   Cooks   and
•aplred. !Walters, and.for V. R. 'Mldgley.   of
On motion  the secretary  wst in-; Vancouver Lathers,
strutted to wire the Minister of Jut-;    Convention nttmrntd wnttl 8 i>. m.
ttv-e *i uuawm, tatting i»»»   »uwiuor TutsOsy Afte-meen gttston
to the iKwltlon of the men in Jail, alaot With the optntng of the session,
to wire Attorney-Goners! Dowser re- Pel. Flitter Introduced the fofloulig
questing that action be at once taken .motion:
to release them. J   MWherea*~-It Is contend^ by t Ms
The convention then adjourned lo * convention that the  failure   of th*
meet at 9 o'clock Tuesday morning.      miners vn win tbls strike would Willi
The whole of the miners' delexatea I tbe downfall of nrtmtiurl lnbor   *n
; prfseut arranged to hold a conference • n. C; therefore, b* It ,
{among themselves dn Monday evening.!   "Resolved—That tbe executive of
, Tus-sitey Morning Session .*,.« t«»l«r»U<m take • reterendom vote
Upon the opening of tbe convention, of all organised tabor in thii Province
i Delegate Pettlgrew   said   that   the at as early a date aa possible for tbo
. miners bad decided that tbey would calling of a general strike."
hold no meetings outside the session i   It was decided on motion that   tbe
of the eoawrtftW.    lite contention: vote should be taken by tolUktX
■then went Into committee of tbe trbole.    Del. Fisher, speaking to hia motion,
I   Tkdewnt* <rhmmn~-Tbe miners ker*! wM k* find tmmted   attuntMr   to
told us wbat l» happening on tbr' opinion* of minora aad gathered tbat
ed more help. Conditions were very
bad, he knew. In Victoria -men were
living on one meal a day. He added,
in parenthesis, and with a very significant glance at the press table—'*i
said one meal per day, not three.." It
was practically impossible now to get
a job in Victoria unless ypu belong to
tha militia or the Conservative, party.
Del. Davidson, who seconded the
moMon, said he did so with a mental
reservation, . and more, because he
wanted to hear the motion discussed
than anything else. The motion was
not good enough. It-was only like
whipping the devil round a post. Delegates should speak and vote as tney
were .prepared to do in their Unions.
If they thought a general strike was
expedient and necessary then let
them go to their Unions and say so.
y Del. Rees, Ineimatlonal Executive
Board (Member for the Crows' Nest District, believed in the (principle of a
referendum vote. 3ut he felt that the
question should be thrasted out in
convention. He had been through the
strike in the Crow's Nest Pass, which
lasted eight months. He had also seen
othervlong strikes, 'but never any good
that came of them. Was this talk
of general strike the last straw? Was
there not another method more effective? In his district, while the miners
had every sympathy for teh mon of
the Island, yet the industrial conditio*^ prevailing would not permit of
them striking. He did not 'believe
that the unemployed and the unorganized .could be relied upon to^help.
And at the present time they were far
more numerous In -B. C. than Union
men with jobs. The fact that they
were not organized 'proved their
apathy, and he did not think men on
one meal a day could be expected to
win any strike. He considered teh
workers would have as much chance
against drilled and armed militia as
he would In the fight ring., with Jack
Johnson. He concluded b>( saying.it
was not a question of what they
wanted to do or would like to do, ibut
a question of facing the industrial
condition of the Province as it is to-
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?S*?ii?. M8.0^,1!:1,011 U made a S««-|and. militia to    act as scab-herd«rs,
r?\
eral strike impossible.
'Del. Sivertz at this point Introduced
a lengthy amendment, which in substance, was: That the Unions should
be appealed to for funds, also that the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
should be Asked for $2,000. The money
to 'be used to carry on a campaign of
education and organization which
would be entrusted to four menrbers
elected by the convention, and they
would work undier the direction of the
executive hoard.
Del. 'Pattison opposed the amendment and wanted more immediate
action. ,
Del. Sivertz said the Federation was
only a voluntary organization and- had
no power to call a strike. He 'pointed
out that Unions had agreements and
policies which made their constitutions such as would take years of
educational work to change. No
matter hod desirable it might 'be, a
general strike at this time was not
possible, owing to tbe industrial conditions prevailing in the Province.
Del. Gray said tne miners of the
Crow's 'Nest Pass "had no agreement
carry on an education campaign before and during the time the referendum is 'being .taken. And this convention to elect three members of
Unions affiliated with the Federation
ito carry on the educational campaign
under the direction of, the executive.
The executive to call the strike, if
adopted by the referendum vote, al
such time as hey consider advisable*
(Del. Pattison njade the following
amendment: Whereas, the mine workers on Vancouver Island for 21 months
and 14 months, respectively, have
•been striking for the right of organization, and whereas the Government
has assisted the cbal operators to help
defeat the .miners by various means,
sucah as non-enforcement of the Coal
iMines Regulation Act, the Deception
of Workmen Act', and the new order-In-
sTn-ce the strike
At' Extension  	
Loss to the company per day
is,  tons x     1,398
At South Wellington mines 364 men
were employed before the strike, and
the tonnage per year was 139,000.
The highest point reached .since the
strike is 211 men per' day with 375
tons output. In concluding his statement he made an impassioned appeal for a general strike.    ' '
Del. Cropley, of the Vancouver
'Molders, said that if any member of
tbelr union was working as a strikebreaker, he would either have to stop
doing so or "be expelled from their organisation.
Del. Robertson said that-the offer
received recently from the mine owners, through Premier McBride, meant
unconditional surrender, and was an
Insult to the common intelligence of
any labor community., Like the -preceding speakers, he favored a general
strike.
Del. B, Kaarlo, from Squamlsh, said
no white men were working there
now, but Chinese were.
Del, Moffat was of the opinion that
more effective measures were needed.,
and said that the miners would fight
without fliiiint'u If necessary. He had
seen many strikes, but novor ono in
which such high relief pay had 'been
given. The miners of the United
States bad behaved mangnlflcntly to
them. This strike had shown that
long strikes were no use. Other
methods wero needed.
Del, Dykeman said that last fall the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters in
Victoria hail offered to go on strike
any time to help the miners. They
bad voted for tbat by 154 votes to
four.
Del. Johns said be was working at
Jingle Pot wine, under thu nareemnul
which the company had signed with
the miners. He was convinced Premier MoBrlde wished to defeat the
miners ao that be could drive all
Socialists off tbe Island. The men at
Jingle 'Pot were ready any time to
throw up their agreement and come
out with tho rest of tbe miners.
•Del, Pettlgrew during the course of
a comprehensive speech In wblch he
traced the course of the strke since
Us commencement, made a strong appeal for a general strike.
President It, Foster said tbat tbe
men who had broken away from the
Union, to go strike-breaking, were
chiefly Kngllsh-speakitut men,
Del. Robertson -pointed out that the
miners bed dealt fully with the situation and he felt that mora expression
of opinion was due from delegates of
other Unions.
Del. Klsher snd   Thomss, of   the
which was not very effective, and In
many cases their executive board had
round it best to'let Local Unions have
little strikes of their own from time
to time to bring them he results
which their agreement sometimes delayed, Tbe time for agreements had
gone Iby. (Many men in his district
owed more money to the store* than
they had drawn ln wages. He wanted
a general etrlke.
Del. Martin of ""ernle stfld the general strike waB tbe last desperate re-
sor, and he did not think It could
succeed. '
'Del. iMIdgeley was surprised the
executive of the Federation had not
come out with some definite proposal
and whereas the miners have been
backed <by a powerful organization,
sind if they should suffer defeat /there
ls no other organization that can
stand against the combined efforts of
capital and the Government. Therefore 'be it resolved' that this convention assembled advise labor in the
Province of B. C. to engage in a general strike, and further that four men
ibe sent out by convention to .propagate the idea of a general strike and
on an educational tour.
<Del. Pattison made an emphatic
speech in favor of his resolution.
Credentials were received for Carl
Jorgensen from New Westminster
painters.
Del. Foster said s only four or five
delegates outside the miners had
spoken on the question. The information which Mr. Farrington had of the
state of affairs on the Island -was given
to him by the speaker, and he characterized as false any contradictions of
the Information given to the convention by Bro. Farrington. "I am on
the Island all the time and mofone
act" hove I performed which has not
Tieen endorsed^ by the minere," said'
the speaker. "I am aware," he continued, "that the whole membership
on Vancouver Island is in favor of
this proposition—the v taking of a
referendum vote on a general strike
Ira B. C."
Del ^Foster then turned to the
necessity of drastic action tb help the
miners on Vancouver Island. It was
not to drag down others that tho
miners advocated a general strike, but
to help the situation and the movoment as a whole.
Bro. Farrington was given the privilege of the floor for fifteen minutes to
answer statements which had been
made which he claimed reflected; upon
Dels. Watchman. Wells, Foster, Sivertz, Symonds, Naylor and Knudson
declined nomination.
On the ballot being taken the voting was as follows: Dykeman. 48;
Fisher, 23; Pattinson, 45; 'Martin, 20;
Goodwin, 30; Shenton, 41; Robertson,
36; Thomas, 28. x
G. Dykeman, C. Pattinson, J. T.
Shenton and J. Robertson were
elected.
A motion was made aud lost- that
delegates be assessed $2>*each to defray preliminary expenses of organizing.
Vice President Bancroft of.- the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, was asked what financial assistance might he given by the congress.
He was not prepared to make any
statement or promise until he had
nonsuited the rest of his colleagues
on the congress executive.
Del. Thomas moved that the
Trades and Labor Congress be asked
to donate $1,000.
Del, Foster moved that the Miners'
Defense committee in Nanaimo be
asked' for a loan of $500. This being
added the motion, the Joint proposal
was carried.
Del. Foster moved that the organizers be paid bSre expenses. The motion carried.
Del.~Burkhart. took the floor and
made an earnest appeal to/ the delegates to patronize the Union label
and the four organizers were instructed to bring this to the attention
of the Unions they vlsltect The control of the organizers was vested in
the executive of the Federation-
Vice President Baptroft ,was called
up to speak and delivered a splendid
address, dealing with the new Workmen's Compensation . Act in -Ontario..
which has become law largely,
through his efforts. In Ontario the
workers decided four years ago to
devote all their efforts to securing the
act—A-comni!ssion-was-appolnted~ot-
the request of the organized labor
movement, to go fully into tbe whole
question. After four years the bill
became law/ It was based on the
(principle that Industry should 'bear
the cost of compensation. The chief
opposition came from the private insurance companies, and British Columbia workerB'^would find that they
would meet with same opposition.
Vice President Bancroft left no part
of his subject untouched and at the
conclusion of his address a, Btanding
vote of^ thanks was extended to him
by the whole convention,
Wednesday Evening 8esslon
President Watchman called the
convention to order at 7:45 and announced that the question of .unemployment and Asiatic Immigration
had still to be disposed of.
-Several resolutions were submitted
reviewing and emphasising the de*-
plorable conditions prevalent throughout 'British Columbia, and asking tor
various schemes for tbe alleviation of
the unemployed problem.
'Delegate Goodwin, Cumberland, deprecated palliative measures and said
the workers must wage war ajralrist
tbe wage system.
Del. Naylor, Cumberland, said if resolutions would solve the labor problem, with unemployment It would
have been solved long ago.
Del. Pettlgrew, Nanaimo, said the
social ownership of the means of life
was tho real solution, but meantime
something must be done if tbe present
standard of life were to be even
maintained, lie advocated more agitation and protest meetings.
Del. Robertson, Nnnalmo. referred
to the Government immigration poller
which had Hooded the labor market to
its present deplorable state. Unemployment could not be solved under
capitalism. Tbe workers must organise first, lessen the hours of labor
and make ready for mais action.
The motion submitted by Del. Martin, VletoVla. clrrisd.
Asiatic 4-mmloratlon
Pel. fiamson, Vancouver, dealt witb
the question ot Asiatics, scored the
Inconsistencies of the labor press and
Unionists themselves. Even the Vancouver (Island miners themselves. In
days gone by, hid ssslited In the Introduction of Orientals,
Del Naylor, Cumberland, had been
Instructed by his Local to vote for
Asiatic exclusion.
Del. Pettigrew, Nanaimo, aald It was
the business mm who wtrt now
anxious to see the Hindu* nnd Asiatics esctuded. \
Del. Head, Wellington, looked upon
the Aslstlcs as a menses to working
men In ilritlsh Columbia.
fW, tyConnell, -South Welthtfton.
submitted a resolution Biking the Government to ptace a Ux upon ihe ewe
plovers of Aslstlcs.
I   i*i. .-meo*,,   *>-u-ut*i*at,   rev nt* to
^M-" '*H nl»MttT-**   ^ l^tt* Tiii*t tn linTf ihr
ikd. Ksts moved to table the ;wo*ifiOT0rmMMt pm meinslon laws deal-
•Owing to the  strike  on  tbe  eom-ilutlou, and upon   vote it was thus it., with Aslstlcs   ind   charted th*
peny*s property we bave been unable dtrrossd  of by  44 In favor ti l*Jkgl»lstora  wttb hypocriter-    If the
Tf the call for a general strike whtch^ his Integrity.   "It has been said," he
" "      "  com-meneed, "that this difference of
opinion can ibe settled on Vancouver
Island. It connot be settled on Vancouver Island." he claimed. "The
statements have been made here before delegates who will carry the Information back throughout the Province and must be answered hero,"
"It has been said that I didn't-say to
the miners at the Nanaimo convention what I have snid here. It isn't
true, I told tho miners as frankly
as I have told you. It has been said
that the information about the con-
ditlpn of affairs is not correct. I
stand on that Information again this
morning." \
. Del iMcEweh again urged, as far as
he was personally concerned It did
not matter which way the vote went,
ob he expected to leave the country
In three weeks.
Del. Knudson. one of the vice presidents of the Federation, said that,
much os he would like to see It other-
wile, he did not think the cM) for
a general etrlke could be of any success, j
The question then being put, (h*
substitute motion of Del. fattlnson.
calling for a referendum vote to be
taken on tbe question of a general
strike, was carried by 48 In favor to
3d against. Somewhere ground 10 delegates did not poll their votes, owing
to absence f/om tht convention, or
other reasons.
Del. Wilton resolution wss then
taken up, as followed
"Thst the A C. Federation of Labor
pledges Itself to do all In Its power
to defeat the McBtide-Bowser administration at the next Provincial election, and that It organise and -carry
on an educational campaign to secure
the defeat of ivory Conservative candidate put In the field and thus strike
an effective blow at those who bave
proyed themselves to be the enemies
of labor."
Wsdnssday Afternoon Session
Upon opening of the session, Del.
PlMhnr asked If the Wilton resolution
wss In order,
■ r*9r.9\itt**t*l    •IV'itlr-t.t*,-*'.   -9.it.--l   •■».,;. ■ "tl
was Issued last October had been allowed to go to the membership without opposition from miners' officials,
be thought it would have brought
better results. In his opinion conditions were more favorably then, but
as they ore now it would he useless
to attempt a general strike. Delegate SlverU's proposal was the only
practical one. We heeff more education to get to the roots of such
trouble as this. He would like to see
the Trades Congress contribute the
money and asked, as he felt it was a
shame they should have so much in
the treasury, lite miners were* Influenced too much by mere sentiment,
What-had-to be faced was bar, cold
Tact, unpleasant though It might be.
.The only general strike which had
been successful was In 'Belgium, and
thut took a whole year to prepttrp,
Frarirk Farrington was given the
floor and during the course of a
lengthy speech reviewed the strike
and the policy of tbe U. M. W. of A. In
general. He sold their strength had
ben built up by the policy of having
agreements, and be was opposed to
thu general strike as he ahvajs bod
been. The laws or bis organisation
were not made by offloera, or any one
part of tbe members, but by the whole
100,000. Any sectoln of. the Union
which wsa willing to abide Iby the
decisions and laws laid down by the
majority would *e welcome as » part
of their Union and would receive thoir
financial support. But no part would
be permitted to break their laws and
still enjoy the support of their International troasury. f
Convenlon adjourned Ull 9 o'clock
Wednesday morning. \ ,
Wednesdsy Mornlflfl tesslon
Del. Cropley mm at the opening to
sgaln announce that molders would
aot allow any of their members to
work as strike-breakers on tbe Island.
Del. Naylor said tbat In spite ot
sll which had been aald, the minora
had mora than a fighting chance. He
quoted figures from tbe Canadian
Mall* of lost April 14th, containing an
account of the meeting In London of
,*. *      r*.,.,nrtt„n      fV1ttr.--.tr.--.     m.t-rf-ftittlr*
ud■' " ' I
The report of June U, \m, said|
to sam mora than working expenses
snd have a debit balance for the year
of tl4MM,"
1»W wells sou) the miners' M-S-Hton
wat due to apathy of worker!. Tht
executive oould not go further than
the Unions could go. There were 70
per cent unemployed in tht building;
trade In a general strike It was
very neceessry to have the support
ef sll men In tb* tranifmrt Industry.
Railroad brotherhoods bad shown no
Interest ner taken any active pert In
the UMtVMUteui of Air .Provtm*. it
was ao use defending on tbe unemployed. A strike was only«ffmive
by. men Mopping work. He owed
sn smendment; Thst the eseruttve of
thtt Federation m Instructed to take
n rbtotodom vote m the question of
aiansu *  y
Upon motion of Del. Davidson convention went into committee of tb*
woote to consWer ways mod meant of
nutting tht decisions of convention
Into practice,
Dei. Bllesmore moved that the four
organisers sent out to addrata Unions
on the general strike proposal should
bt mtmbers of tht U. II. W, of. A.
Del. Asm-son moved that one be
fleeted from each of four district
Del. Martin   moved   ttu# thoy be
♦>l*ctf*J (rom ih* whole eoVtenUon.
\JDtl. Ofartln's proposal one tarried
Tht following were aomlntted   to
Rout si orgMisera: O. Fsttlgrew, C.
ttlntoe, .1, Weeee, R, Fester, C.
SIvartt, J. I* .Martin. O. Dykeman, 3.
Ooodwin. i. Robertson, 3. T. Mbtn
• fWteral ntrlkw, nnd thtxt tkHf   b* ton, T. ytnyfnf. ft. KUttdtm, ,t. Pinker,
fwtbfr (attracted to   raise funds In A. B. Wells, A. Watchman, W.  Sy-
j Islsn*    We know tlmt mm, women It order to wilt thsf r itrike titty imnnI- wt* memmr as they may **wn *#st to monde and fl. Tbwwtt,
worker* realty want to effectively deal
with the question, Unionists tbem-
aeteee   -lettat   thn /H»f>Ttntnr,-)»      v*-. «»/•
BBklng tht Government to Ao anvthing
A flue should bt Impesod by Unions
open members patronising Ortentsls.
Del Fisher. Victoria, pointed ont
thst Chinese owned a large number
of hotels and boarding houses, though
opt rated by white. If tht fine* could
be ifon*it;ttd tkt. federation would
soon be • wealthy iMtttutkra.
Del. Martin, Fernie, felt nn Iim*-
way wss being made ttd thought #is-
custkm should cms*.
Del. Witter, Xanalmo. imprataid
himself ss being In flavor of tht
workers ttiftsg Premier McBride to
•e to bltsta. and that tliey thets-
tstres tak* toth action us would con*
titWle lo that sad.
(reatlauti eu fast Tkrt-t-t
*•> /
THE DISTRICT LEDGEB, FERNIE, B. 0., JULY 25,1814
PAGE THREE
/
IH
,:-£f
Z## ■ YOUNG MAN'S
DREAM
By Joseph Danna Miller
The Richest Young Man in the
World lad of late become interested
in philanthropic, benevolent and social movements,—incidentally he had
heard something of the economic
movem-^nt. He knew therfe were jots
of poor people in the city in which
he lived, hut he never asked himself
what made them poor. He assumed
that it was a part of a well qrdered
plap—the methods of God are inscrutable and. phst, finding out. Perhaps people were poor because they
helped the rich \o experience a thrill
of benevolence in tho bestowal of
charity.- Or perhaps they were poor
because they were vicious, or incompetent, or at le-^st inferior.
Yes, inferior,' that was It. They
were not bad, these people, but just inferior. One must not judge harshly,
and again the Young,Man felt the
saimo Thrill of Benevolence, and
.blessed the poor and went on doing
good. Is It" not a blessed world In
which there are so many, opportunities for Doing Good?
One morning the Richest Young
Man in the World read/of a Mr. Ford
in Detroit, a wealthy manufacturer I
of automobiles, who announced that
he was going to distribute ten millions
of dollars ot his profits among' his
employes. He was going to distribute
this enormous sum in wages, said the
newspaper reports.' Of course, Mr.
Ford, too, was fooling himself, for he
was not a magician, and could not
make profits wages merely by calling
them so. Wages are not something
one man gives another—they are what
ls Earned, they are the .Product. If
Mr. iFord gets any of that it is indeed
a -monstrous thing, and he or Society-
is to blame. But if he doesn't get
any of the Wages of these .people
who work for bim, but chooses to
give something out of his profits, that
is very Good aad Generous of him.
but he isn't raising Wages—he is
doling out Charity. Nor can this kind
of Benevolence ever be made to serve
as a substitute for Justice, always
assuming, of course, -that there is an
Injustice, •
The world praised (Mr. Ford. And
although one may say very properly
that it was Good and Generous of him,
the world's praise was, as usual, stupid. It said; "Mr. Ford sees Wages
are too low." For if he was reatly
distributing Wages, how comes it that
Wages beings tbe Product ever got
into his hands? Wages are never too
low. Tbey can be neither too low
nor-too high. And why,? Again because Wages are the Product. They
may aot be retained by tbe Wages
Earner; he may not >be able to retain them." But then they are stolen,
Bjld  that,   ta  a  HOTo-n-apf   Tpaf+-»r    ■■l-jd-
opens up alTsorts of apparently com
plicated but really simple questions
of distribution, questions of responsibility, too. (But never any question
of dividing up.
The Richest Young iMan in the
World, having heard of 'Mr. Ford, suddenly conoelved tbe desire to emulate
him. For he, too, has a vast number of mra working for him—not just
as Mr. Ford had, for tbe Young Alan
was the head of a great landed estate in the great City, of Now York.
The men who worke^Tdr him went to
their. dally labor io earn enough to
pay him rent Now Rent Is of two
kinds—Rent for the use of bouses
and Rent for the use of Lands. The
Und which constituted tht real, per
•latent and ever increasing Income of
the Richest Young Mao in tbe World
was tbe Ront for Loads. Kot that
the Young Man ever really discriminated. Aa ht had built tht houses
from the Rent of Lands, and aa the
Rent Sltlt Included a charge for
houalng a* wtll as a charge for permission to occupy the land which was
here before tho young man came, ht
ntver itopped to think about It at all.
iBut wheu tut thought came to tht
young than that It would be nice to
emulate Mr. Ford, ho saw It for a
moment In a somewhat different light,
Mr. Ford bad mtn working for him for
whom ht "provided iwork," as tht saying goes, though how he can "provide
work" is not dear. Tht opportunities
for work wtrt here before Mr. Ford
came. Tbo moot that «Mr. Ford did
was to co-operate with others iu the
use of this natural medium   by   the
contribution of brains and capital.
But with the Richest Young (Man
this was not precisely the case. He
had men "working for him, it is true-
more men than ,Mr, Ford, perhaps—
for his rent receipts were large, including. those from many families
among the more fecund of the population, and in centres where people
.were most closely congeoted. He had
heard that 30 per cent was paid over
to his agents, as had been to his
father's and grandfather's agents le-
fore him. It was somewhat oirious.
he reflected, this difference between
him and Ford; for although both had
great numbers of men and women
working for them, one "paid Wages,"
again as the saying goes, and one,
himself, received them after they
were earned. It was really funny
when you came to think about it. And
the problem how to emulate Mr. Ford
was not,such an easy one. Perhaps
it would be best to see his rent collector, and this functionary was therefore hastily summoned.""
Then said the Richest Young Man
to his chief collector: "You have the
names of all my tenants?"
"Yes," replied the collector.
"And what would you estimate thu
number tp be?"
"Several hundred, famllres, sir; I
can get the exact number for you.','
"Well, said the Richest Young
Mau, "1 am anxious to do something
for these people. (Many, I am told
are very poor. I have ."ead ahout Mr.
Ford, and I wish to foIIoV his example—I want to share my profits
with the people who work for me, as
my tenants. For they do work for
me, do they not?"
"They assuredly do," said his agent,
''And-many are deserving?"
"I bave every reason to believe they
are. 'But, of course, it is no .business
of mine to ascertain that. They pay
their rent; if they do not they must
vacate the premises."
"And, of course, that is right." said
the Richest Young IMan. "The houses
are mine, and if some one did not
build tbem the people would have no
roofs to shelter them. Of course, I
have some rich tenants, tod?"
"Yes, but these pay less rent on the
average per cubic foot of space than
do the very poor who dwell In your
cheaper tenements." **
Tbe Young .Man raised his eyes in
sudden surprise. "What do you mean?
I do not sell tbem space."
"Oh, but you do. That is the very
thing you do sell them."
"It is not possible."
"But it iB possible. If you thought
it-was-'Wood'BBdHroE'OT'd^bricksTrnd"
mortar alone you were selling them,
you are mistaken. If that were all,
your Income, though still great, would
be much smaller and would tend to
diminish with the years. Buildings
deteriorate,, but cubic space in a great
city is valuable and becomes more so
with time." ^
"It is a great problem," said the
Richest Young iMan. "But you must
help me solve It. You are to figure
out the number of my tenants. You
are to tell me bow much they pay
each for hia cubic foot of space. That
seems funny, you know, tbat I should
be in tbe business of telling space to
tBe poor when I bave just begun to
feel for tbelr poverty. And then you'
are to divide 20 per cent of my income by'the entire number of my
tenants, omitting, however, the rich
or len deserving, and send each hit
check for a pro rata amount. You
will do thia for me?" aald tho Young
Man, with a burst of enthusiasm nnd.
glistening eyes. "These people work
for me and I want to recognise all
they bave done for me In a substantial way, especially at I hear thtt
there Is much poverty In the eity now
Do you hear about it?"
all out for me, and be ready to report
by the first of^the month."
■And thus it came about that the
Agent presented himself to his Principal on the day set.
-But his manner had undergone a
notable change. 'It was no longer
with a confident air that he faced his
employer. There were visible doubt
and perplexity In his attitude. He began hesitatingly:
"Your checjtthave not been made
out, sir. IThe calculation is beyond
me. You want to help the people
who are -working for you. Mr. Ford
could do it, but you cannot. Good
God, sir, the "whole city is working for
you. I cannot make out 6,000,000
cheeks, for they would have to include babies born tonight, and every
immigrant that comes through Ellis
Island. The child born in the-East
Side tenement helps to swell your Income. And what is its share of your
Income? .1 do not know. But make
no mistake; it has a share which it has
by inalienable right. But you, alone
and of yourself, have no means by
iwhich j-cu can work exact justice.
You cannot even go as far in this direction as Mr. Ford?"
"And then must Justice remain undone?" asked the richest Young Man-
despairingly.
"Perhaps it is an insoluble problem," said the Agent.—The Public.
* The 'American Manufacturers, organ of the .employing manufacturers,
thus indicates the weakness of Mr.
Ford's position: "He is professing to
be making a fair division with his
employes, and thus in effect confessing that he has all along been taking
froin them more than he was justly
entitled to." We see no reason by
which this conclusion of the American (Manufacturer can be avoided."
** A fact In New York, and perhaps
generally in other cities.
Special Convention
of B.C. F. oj L.
x.
(Continued from previous page.)
THE GENERAL STRIKE
AND BALLOT IN GERMANY
'The following is from the news
columns of the London Citizen, published by that paper as a news dis-
parch from Berlin, and is of interest
as indicating the thought being given
in Germany to the necessity for .ballot
reform and to the methods that may
be used in securing it:
"At yesterday's annua] meeting of
the Social Democratic party of Greater Berlin the main topic under discussion was the general misapprehension as to the present political situation, especially about the complete impossibility of achieving electoral reform in Prussia by means hitherto
tried.
"The delegates, representing the
most powerful and best-organized'
branches of the Social Democratic
party in Germany, demanded In most
uncompromising terms a more energetic" action on the part of the ex-
ecutive and especially the taking_cf
Del. Rees, Fernie, urged
matter where the Orientals resided
the problem remained the same. The
cooperative commonwealth would
not come to Canada alone. Orientals
should be taken into our Unions and
the same pay demanded for them.
Dei. Davidson, Vancouver, said
the question must be dealt with politically, and that the Federation had refused to do so.
Del. Dykeman, Victoria, said a
Chinaman -was not to blame, for being
a Chinaman,
Dels, Paget and Sivertz, Victoria,
spoke, the latter referring to the fact
that 2,132 Chinese had 'been admitted
into this Province since the passing
of the Federal order-in-council (Dec. 8,
1913), a further contribution to McBride's boasted ."White B. C." The
next move must be emigration of
whites from B. C. -in search of jobs,
which, indeed, was already taking
place.
Del. iMartin, Victoria, felt that the
Unions must soon make a more progressive move to meet present-day
conditions. Exclusion would not
solve the labor problem.
Del. Robertson, Nanaimo, said the
Orientals should be organized. They
were of use to the employers because
they were cheap; they were of service to the Government because they
had no vote.
Del. Cochrane, Nanaimo, said, the
Orientals were non-assimilative.
Del. Thomas, Vancouver,, saw nothing the convention could do in the
premises.
Del.    Pattison,     Nanaimo,   moved
that no that the convention go on record as
in favor of total--exclusion of the
Asiatics. This was seconded In many
places. In support of his motion,
Del. Pattinson said the employers had
introduced them; they had no vote,
and they were lowering our standard
of living. The motion of reaffirmation
of organized labor's many such declarations during the past twenty-five
years was carried almost unanimously.
A motion by Del. Naylor, seconded
by Del. Rees, was carried, instructing
the secretary to publish a record of
the roll-call vote taken during the-
day in The B. C.Federationist and the
District (Pernie) Ledger.
Secretary-treasurer Wells urged
the delegates to press for further affiliations and support for the Federation. :
Vice President McVety said the Federation should at once begin an agitation and campaign for a new workmen's compensation act in B. C,
fashioned after that of the new act In
Ontario.
President Watchman took advantage of the closing moments of the
convention to review the proceedings
of the three days! sessions and'urged
the delegates to carry out the expressed wishes of the majority. He
asked the Unionists of B. C, to keep in
touch with the secretary-treasurer, to
support their official paper, The Federationlst, and whenever they had a
suggestion to offer to either, to assist
the workers In the battle for industrial freedom, to do so unhesitatingly.
The business of the convention be-
ing concluded, adjournment sine die
took place at 10 o'clock.
ROLL CALL VOTE ON REFERENDUM ON GENERAL STRIKE
For
initial steps in preparation for a political general strike.
"The members of the' executive
pointed out tbat the Idea of a political
general strike has to be evolved by the
working classes themselves and uot
emanate trom the executive. These
arguments, however, failed to convince the delegates and tbe majority
adopted two resolutions, one proposed
by Rosa Luxemburg and tbe other by
Adolph Hoffmann.
'fThe former proposed the organization of the general strike and the
latter the establishment of a special
fund for the political strike.
"Tbe passing of theft resolutions
does not mean that the general strike
Is going to take place in tbt near future. The leaders ot the trade unions
art up In arms against it, and taking
into consideration the growth of tbe
blacklegs' organlsatlona during the
last few years their scepticism tt easily
understood, But this question -will
now bt debated most thoroughly, as
"Oh, yes, aald "the agent with   an henceforth resolutions   in that dlrtc-
Indifferent air.    "Thhre   are always]tion will   have not only theoretical
complaints.   Tliey wtrt rife jven In but nraeHcal vslueH
your   grandfather's   time,   when--". c        '
sdded tht Agent, with a twinkle In     -  ————
his *fn—"Mow York City apace watj
worth much less a cubic foot than Ui
Is today." I
"Woll." «td   tht Richest   Young
Mau, somewhat impatiently, "figure It
SMMsCure
STOPS COUflHS *i«n»is««
'2ICg. UCgDTf
New Westminster—
J. R. Flynn1	
A. E. Duncan	
W. Yates	
H. Knudson  x
H. Gibbs 	
W. Eskin	
Victoria—
A. Watchman  x
G. L. Dykeman   x
A. S. Wells	
T. F. Matbleson	
J. L. Martin  '..,
W. H. Gibson 	
J. E. Peacock	
F. Harvey  x
Anderson 	
>B. Day  x
P. Fisher x
C. Sivertz	
■i   G, Paget x
Alex. Ross x
A. Herberger 	
Vancouver—
L. Dawson x
C. Croppley x
----^rjHcDonaiu^.-T7TTTrrx~"
W. H. Cottrell  x
W. iMurray  -. x
W. Klrby  	
' A. V. Lofting	
J. James 	
R. Rlgby	
J. H. 'McBwea x
■C. Howe 	
W. Foxcroft 	
G. H. Hardy	
J. Davidson x
A. McDonald 	
J. F. McManus 	
H. Grand  x
0. Kilpatrick ..../... x
Alfrod Hurry 	
W. Mundell	
W. F. Dunn 	
F. A. Hoover	
H. Hanntng x
G. Thomas  x
J. B. 'Metcalf x
F. Knowles	
H. A. Jones  i
H. Hogan 	
F. L. Bstelngbausen ...
C. F. Burhhsrd 	
R. H. N'eelands	
J. E, Wilton	
Geo. Bsrtlett 	
A. F. Porter	
F. H. Csssells	
R. C„ Sampson 	
J. H. McVeCy	
G. W. Curnock	
A. Lees  '.	
H. Davies 	
J. P. Hamilton	
A. Jorgeson   x
F. E. Goodman	
W.Cherry ............
V. R. Mldgley.. '
W. E. Walker	
O.-P.iMerrlll	
•outh Wellington—
I). Todd  x
II, O. Connell %
AV. -Head*  x
Cumberland—
.1. Naylor ......
A, Ooddwln —
R. Foster	
D. McAllister ..
Ladysmith—
G. Pettlgrew ...
W, ttsuld ......
W. Brown 	
D. McKensie ,.,
Jas. Currie ....
Thos. Doherty .
Nanaimo—
J, Ollbert 	
J. Kerr	
J. Co-flir-nlii* ...
j. 8. nobcrtson.
\V   A   Hot*
F.John .......
T J. fthenton ..
It, Moffat ......
f. PatHnion .,.
Modt«y-
D. ftander* ....
Setatwla—
IL Karris	
i rttotn--
* 91*       *^(*<»,).
Against        Union.
x Steam Engineers.
x Street Railway Employes.
x Street Railway.Employes.
Trades and L-kbor Council,
x Trades and Labor Council.
x 'International Electrical Workers.
United Brotherhood Carpenters.
United Brotherhood Carpenters.
x A. S. Section, U. B. of A.
X A. S. Section, U. B. of A.
x Protective Laborers.
x Street Railway Employes.
x Steam Engineers.
Brotherhood of Painters,
x 'Plumbers and Steamfitters.
Theatrical Stage Employes.
Trades and Labor Council.
x Trades and Labor Council.
Longshoremen.
Cigarrnakers.
x (Machinists.
Steam Engineers.
Moulders.,
The man who holds a good job today
is a king among his fellows. -Why
should such a thing be? There is >work
for everybody, were the business of the
country not conducted under such an
insane system as at present.
There is little difference between
the farmer and his cow. The farmer
milks his cow, and the capitalist milks
the fanmer. Tbe cow has no vote
and does not want one; the farmer has
a vote and does not know how to use
it. The cow is contented, and the .voting average farmer appears^ to be-Just
as contented as the caw.
The luxurious class laugh at the clothes of the worker and sneer at his
ragged children. This makes the wprk-
er wax wroth and murmur evil sayings.
"To horse, to horse!" he cries, "my
kingdom for a ballot!" Yet when election time comes round he marks his
ballot the same old -way and goes home
contented.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
OWING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
A. Macneil
S. Banwell
MACNEIL & BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor. Bank of
Hamilton- Building Pernie, B. C.
tt. C. Laws
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE A FI8HER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, E C.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horse* for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
George Barton Phone 78
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
> » I t « *
  X
t e * 11 m
* * i ■ i X
  X
  X
• •». * g
  X
  X
  X
X
X
X
tt
X
Ji
X
X
tf Martin .
Vt, Heen ...
Green meed—
W, Phillip*
•sudee—•
I     f-i.ri>* . I
PfcftSfllX—
If. Elsmore
n*'o ntept
t
x
"■Journeymen Tailors.
Street Railway Employes.
Street Railway Enxployes.
Street Railway Employes.
Street Railway Employes.
Street Railway Employes.
Street Railway-Employes.
U. B. of Carpenters,
U. B. of Carpenters.
U. B. of Carpenters.
U. B. of Carpenters.
U. B. of Carpenters.
U. B. of Carpenters.
International -Marble Workers.
Brotherhood of Painters.
Building Laborers.
Operative Plasterers.
Plumbers and 8teamfitters.
Trades Council.
Trades Council.
International Longshoremen,
International Longshoremen.
Letter Carriers.
Letter Carriers.
Electrical Workers, Outside Men.
Electrical Workers, Outside Men.
Electrical Workers, Inside Men.
Journeymen Barbers,
Typographical.
Typographical.
Typographical.
Photo Engravers.
Marble Cutters' Helpers.
Pattern 'Makers.
International Machinists,
Bartenders.
Bartenders.
'Bartenders.
Sheet Metal Workers.
•Painters.
Moving Picture Operators.
Steam Engineers.
Lathers.
(Cooks and Walters.
News Writers.
I'nited Mine Worker*.
United Mine Workers.
VnitM Mine Worker*.
United Mine Workers.
United Mine Worker*.
United Mine Workers.
District $». V. M. W, of A.
United Mine Workers.
United «Mlne Workers.
United Mine Workers.
United »Mine Workers,
failed iMIn* Workers
District 28, U. M. W. of A.
Typographical,
U. K. of Csn-wntiwrt
l*n»t#4 Mine Workers.
United Mine Wortrew,
'•:A',ti Miac WoJk*f»,
Unit***! Mine Workers.
Uulu'.d Mia* Workers.
United Mine Workers.
Unltrd Wn* Workers,
Western fv^rsitlon of Mlni>r*,
Unlf-wl Mtn* Wrtfkers
United MIftf WorVt-ri
District it, U. M. W of A.
W«»tern Federation of Miners.
,.--*-, a m . a *n\tt%nm■**'****  '*ak*t-   -ft*******!.*!*.'
Wtfrtet #. W. F. of M
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
—Up=to-date—
Call in and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIBLAN0IK. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber aot
found just as we represented. Thero
Is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip ia a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again.. Those who
bave uot yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't aa-
counter if they bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers in —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash an*
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Moulding*,
Turnings, Brackets, and Oetall Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite CL N. Depot P.O. tox tt,
Phone 23.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath fJ.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooma in Connection
y^WWWyWyMWWWXW<VMW^M^MW<WMM*M<lMO^**<W*»
2255 WALDORF
I, A. Mills, Manager
Mr*. S. Jennings, Prop.
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
AiH-ftrieui Pits Rita
12.00 per Dt j
im**^**mt*m**sd^d**'^********d'm*m*i*a*b******0+*
RWW
mm  Bellevue Hotel
OOMMBRCIAL   H0U8C
test Aeeemmeifstlen In tr*e Psts —
Up-to-Dste — tvery Cenvenlifiee.—
Eicellset Cuisine.
■.94.199*99.*.  a v*  •»•**-.•*->•*.» ttittr uiJiukMtN
%l. A. OALLAN, Prop.
BILLEVUE, Alta.
yg<i#nw**yy—1H1.41H, ■» wwtiwwww
The
«•   ••
WAN
■at eftfasKf te war as yet, nor are
«—-• ; wt nteiy to. If we may judge from the
writes   la Collier's pratmsf already  mndn  st Niagara
r»tu.
Bat hi* tltm of wsr will
witn *«u*noTO mmm, evvr
Jsck  Loudon
Xttttekty
I "Wnr fa a siltf thing fer a rational,
«MfTO*«l we* to emtmbinta T»
mm matters of rtfht aad fustfe* by
wmm of tatrodactat IMt hau
bomre foreign mfbttmm that imt
thlm to plstsa fa m torn sHIy ths»
iuckhii* el<f»tt» Mtet of mnodtU. tm
havtor u> t.ti tmt okribtr or eel the?
era witch**. tk>i—si.1 tiers ou ar*
-■*U*t l» Um. i*iU*»i «»ft u» m *U»
HWw W--*^***^^*   *^^  1^'s^*'   ^*-* '^^tM*^**
matters at Iseoe by violent msaasr
This appears t* be tbe mwpeiai tl
th* Wmtto neeto. At aa} rate, *• nt
htaelt tijmn nnr wHvm.il *■*'»!■* mor*
fcfewfufly tbe lentfr lw jwwSff* tbe
omnium, te Its fl»i saslyslt, wsr
SS 1**iltt*d motdet *»4 rtp.tr. «M
It Is dtmrntt to undented Hew any
ettmmi tadftvli-sef may be ihio tp
two templnt* Hut w*tt* td wttitaf
aalstm tm Ut Is eomtm o%m wo
•« Ms bonk -epe* «*r «Hb lb*
nmm HtWHPU as wt not wawl the
practices In vogue in tb* dsy* of
aad faggots sad waiw.—The
Napanee Hotel
UNDER MEW MANAGEMENT
THC MOST UP-TO-DATE HOTEL IN THE CITY
Steam Heated-Hot Md Cold Water
Local end Loof Distance Telephone
in every room-Sample Rooms—Best
ttfilUll  aJLRHAiMMI jgnJ mmmWtk0WL
tmPw aamwa emi^aiHWW me aamwp ww^jpaan am*
matmammmm MAM.   fcAttla
■^^a^wiw' wm^^^wa   wsieei
aaaeaommf-mm   mm
A* r. Will 1 EdKOf mfff. PAGE FOUR
THS DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C„ JULY 25,1914
€\p Uishiri t$b%tz
Published every Thursday evening: at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
A WORD TO THE TRAVELER
./-'
era field. The Ledger is here for the purpose of
disseminating inform-ation, and should be used by
every worker to inquire into conditions beforfe he
undertakes a journey of any great distance. Further, the District Oififiers. are always traveling
to and from these camps and will always give absolute and unbiased statements as to conditions,
cost of transportation and accommodation, en
route.
Tlie Brazeau country at present is  receiving a
The mines were idle from 3 p. m.
Friday until 3 p. m. Monday.
Saturday last yas pay day up here.
The crowded state of the train evidenced good trade for Fernie.
. One of the chief attractions in Fernie on Saturday last was the great international game of rugby, which took
Iplace between Coal Creek (English) vs.
ln spite of tlie oft" quoted adage, that "A rolling
.stone gathers no moss," the worker is compelled to
respond with equal logic that '"A tethered lamb
never grows i'ut.'' or "A moss-grown stone never
gets polished.*' The march of civilization and the
tremendous influx of immigration have compelled
the seller of labor power to seek fresh markets,
whether this he in Uie frost-hound Yukon and
Ahiska or the fever infested swamps of the tropics.
Climatic conditions hold no fears for him if there
is a possible market, for to outdistance civilization
invariably means a greater return for his labor,
and he is prepared to sacrifice every comfort of
town life if he can secure a greater remuneration—
more wages. AVe often hear such men spoken of as
afflicted with the "wanderlust," and discontent;
all of which i.s attributable to tlie fact that, having
started to travel, the desire to settle becomes proportionately less.
A large portion of the mineworkers-of this district can be classed as transient or migratory; not
so much from desire as from necessity. OanVps are
opening and closing practically every month in
this western and northwestern portion of the American continent. During the last few years we 'have
seen three big camps close down in the Pass—Morrissey, Lille and Tlbsmer. while several of the smaller camps, such a,s Maple Leaf. Burmis. Passburg.
Beaver Mines and others, have been idle for periods
of from three to six months. Under these circumstances it is not to be wondered at that the
mineworkers acquires the habit of wandering from
eamp to camp in his efforts to secure the precious
job.   The wonder is that there are not more.
So far, an apology  for  the  transient  traveler.
^li^gHiprcrattt-eF^^
tedly a very vexatious one.   This is the inconve-
great influx of men, and the "stop-over houses" fernie (Welsh).   Tlie game was very
.    . „ . , .   fast from the commencement, but we
are losing no opportunity of reaping a harvest
from travelers. The 'train service has a peculiar
and aggravating knack of failing to make connections that are calculated to serve the interests of
travelers, and it is not unusual to be detained at a
"tftop-over" for a couple of days awaiting rail connections. Needless to say these "stop-over" houses
are not exactly philanthropic establishments,
neither is the accommodation they offer equal to
that of a first-class American or European hotel.
Travelers might memorize these facts.
THE HILLCREST DISASTER RELIEF FUND
United Mine Workers of America, per AV.
Green, International Sec.-Treas./ $1,000.00
District 18, U. M. W. of A  1,000.00
Messrs. Trites-Wood Co., Pernie  1,000,00
W. R. Wilson, Gen. Supt. C. N. Pass Coal
Company      150.00
MeClary Manfg; Co.. through Trites-Wood    100.00
District Ledger       100.00
Goal Creek Club      200.00
Michel Local, U. M. W. of A	
Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Lancaster. Corbin.
Taber Liberal Club 	
Crow's Nest Trading Co	
100.00
10.00
10.00
200.00
10.00
25.00
5.00
Geo. Dorenbeeher   	
Knights of Pythias, Coleman	
P. M. Albo, Pernie	
Prank Lodge No. 2, Association of Stat.
Engineers        25.00
Gladstone Local       100.00
W. Balderstone. Hosmer
J. L. Gates ;..
W. M. Eschwig	
W. A. Ingram	
Mrs. S. Jennings	
B. Kuimner	
Tlarold Anderson 	
A. Macneil	
Tl. F. McLean	
M. A. Kastner .,	
XV. Mills	
R. McEwing	
■WrH&wtfiOTirTTTrrTTTT
A. T. Hamilton	
5.00
10.00
10.00
5.00
10.00
1.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
10.00
1.00
nienee occasioned the traveler and the workers in
the.camps into which lie travels. This week we
have received a letter from a correspondent iu the
north (Pocahontas) stating that'the labor conditions iu the camp ure far from prosperous. Many
men have been laid off and the usual tale of hard
times that we have grown so accustomed to is told.
To reach,the northern fields means quite an outlay
for transportation and accommodation, and it is
often the case that men arrive in these camps without a cent witli Kvhich to procure a meal and no
prospects of work. The feeling of the inhnbitants
of the camps, who are earning a bare existence,
is not vory cordial to such new arrivals, and under
the circumstances they can be excused if tliey con.
nider the newcomer as tut intruder upon their preserves. It is much the same that we feel towards
arrivals from the Old Country who land here during periods of depression, nnd wc ask the (pies-
tinn. "Why did not these people inquire as to
conditions before coming here?"
Strictly .speaking, the iium-workers on Ihis hide
are often Mint alwayK. mark you) more lit Matin'
than   lh*1  immigrant,  for Ihe  fonn-er  have their A. J. Carter ..
  2 no
Jno. Podbielancik  20.00
IIow Foon   •  2.00
Philip Carosella   2.00
C. CrisafU    .'.   ...... 1.(0
were^sorry to note t&e spirit of an
tagonism which was .bred during the
game. • Neither side realized any
points, and a drawn game was the
final result.
■The "professor" says we shall
cause a sensation yet. No reply to
your challenge, Billy?
Don't forget the Moose picnic, August 3rd. The clerk of the weather
has -been informed, so a good day is
assured*.
'A practice game of the Coal Creek
Association V. C. was held on Victoria
park on Sunday. One individual remarked we had never seen a football
game up here since Billy threw the
mud.
One of our Lancashire men must
have 'been smitten with the novelty
and plcturesqueness of an Indian powwow, as he was giving an exhibition
of same on Saturday night to the
thumps of a bass drum, supplied by
Messrs. Reid & Co.
Who was the guy hanging onto the
trip with his mouth. Do you like gum
from the timber, Joe?
(Miss T. Thompson, IMr. Jack Thompson (former residents ' up here, but
now of Elko, the land of the big red
apples and Fred Roo) were visiting
the happy scenes of their childhood.
Before returning, the party had their
pictures taken on the steps of the
house formerly occupied by the
Thompson family.
I remember, I remember, the room I
called my own,
And the window where the sun came
peeping In.
MICHEL NOTES
Joseph Kotek and .Miss Barbara
Vlasak were joined together ln matrimony at 'Fernie on Monday. Quite a
few were ready to receive the pair on
their return. The charivari band took
a prominent part until the bridegroom
oame through with the dough. The
celebration was kept up until the following day.
Mr. "W. Mauser, who occupied the position of master mechanic at Corbin
until a few weeks ago, was down here
this  week on  business matters,    -
A dance took place on Monday evening. In Crahan's Hall, 'before a Rood
crowd. Everybody seemed to have
had a -rood time, when the "Home,
Sweet Home" waltz, at 2:30 a. m. was
rendered.
 Mj-it Tamag_iMBrgAr-_Jaft   b*r*    nr\
Tuesday morning, en  route for Cal-
eary, visiting Mr.    and    Mrs.    John
Truan of that place.
-Mr. Vincent Sterba and Rosy Dlugos
■Andy -Mlchell, while following his
occupation as- rope rider pn Saturday
test, came in contact with the trip,
which broke his leg. The accident
was promptly attended to. We are
pleased to say he is progressing favorably.
The Michel band paraded Old Town
and "Natal on Sunday last, and a collection that realized $73 was taken u*p,
whioh is to 'be devoted . to .the Hill-
cresit relief fund.
iMr. and Mrs. James Moore and John
Moore, of Coleman, boarded the passenger on Tuesday morning for a
short stay on their fruit land near
Crestfjn. ^ ■
,The Natal Opera House management ls offering $4.00 for those who
can be lucky enough- to occupy the
two chairs with the right number attached.
Mr.  and .Mrs.  Redhead,  of Corbin
ue visitors down here this week. '
♦ '   TABER  NOTES ♦
Everything is going on the same old
way In this camp—(working aibout one
day per week, but living on hopes of
better times coming, and on the good
will of the storekeepers,   The talk ot
an early opening up   of   the   mines recuperate.
traveling talbles. Notices were ported for work on Monday, but on the
men getting on the train'they were Informed there was no work."
There was considerable comment
among the men who went from here
to assist at the Hillcrist, disaster
when tbey found their statements'
minus the days they were there. We
are quite well aware' that this company Was no right to recompense or
make up the time of -any of the.men
who were at Hillcrest, but this being
a Government station and under* their
supervision, It is up'to some of the
departments under whose official capacity this work comes, to see that
these oren are remunerated. To our
mind there should be an amended
clause to the Compensation Act, covering this work, and .stipulating a
price per hour while engaged. It the
event of any trained men losing their
lives, while in the act of saving life
or property, compensation for his dependents' should be at least $5000.
.The Wesley Sunday school go to
Coleman Wednesday, the 22nd. A
fairly strong team of the Callies will
journey with them to try conclusions
with the Coleman football team..
The new separate school is making
rapid progress.
J. Peacock, who is now convalescent,
after undergoing an operation for appendicitis, has gone to tbe "Hat," to
Simon Draggon  5.00
AV. J. -1. Morrison \... 5.00
M. A. Herman -  2.00
Geo. Barton  5.00
See Wo  1.00
Hong Sing  1.50
Hop Sing  2.00
T. Ohong  .50
Sam Lee  1.00
Kwong Wing  1.00
O. Kallander  1.00
Itixzuto Bros  10.00
Xorinan Fraser, Kdmonton  15.00
Michel Band  71.25
Order of Owls. Colonian  200.00
Canmore Local and friowlR
D. Rees	
W. li. Phillips	
Wm. Graham ,.
5:1.05
5.00
o.no
. 5.011
5.00
were joined in wedlock on Monday last
at the Roman Catholic church. The
Rev. Father Anthony officiated. After
the ceremony the happy pair wonded
their way to the home of the bride's
sister. The charivari band 'being the
first on the scene, gave their usual
entertainment. A party of 'Bohemlnan
musicians received the pair at the
door, rendering a few lively strains,
while a laree number of friends and
visitors took part in celebrating -Uie
occasion, wishing the pair happiness
and prosperity.
W. L. Phillips, district president,
was down here on Sunday, being present at the Locnl Union meeting. After
the local president introduced Brother
Phillips to the meeting he gave a few
interesting remarks about the IMl-
crest relief fund and other Important
Items.
The match iwtween Michel Junior
and Fernie took place on Saturday
last. The boys on both aide*, gave a
fairly (rood game, but their tfhootlng
was erratic and tbey were unable to
find the nut. Fernie scored one, and
when the final whistle blew, the score
wns Fernie I. Michel 0,
seems to have evaporated into thin
air, and now there Is not much chance
of steady work until August.
Alex. IMcRoberts is home for a visit
from Bow Island, where he has been
earning his bread by honest toll, digging gas ditches.
The pipe for the water extensions In
this town has not arrived yet, and
work is being held up.
Archie Stevenson was In town from
the homestead last week, and reports
crop prospects very poor.
The homestead of Mrs. Sherman, a
few mllea west of town, will be sold
by public auction at the Palace Hotel,
on Wednesday afternoon. /'
The football team went to Grassy
Lake Saturday, and played that team
to draw, the score being 0-0. The Taber boys were short for regular .{flayers, which accounts for the play, as in
the three previous meetings of those
teams, Talber has won by big scores.
■Last Thursday Taber defeated the
Overseerer team of Letbridge by
3-0. Tonight (Tuesday) North Lethbridge and Taber meet in Adams
•park, Lethbridge. A good game ls expected, as this is one of the best
teams In that town, and has already
beaten Taber on their own ground.
The team is, Marsh, Bateman and Mc-
■Mahon, Foster, and P. Carr, Brown,
Appleton, iCartmell, Nearn. Colquhon.
The regular, meeting.of Local 102
will be held on Sunday. All members
are requested .to attend, as there is
important business lo transact.
Word has been received ln town of
the decision in the Joe Lyons case,
but the secretary has not yet received any Information. From the reports it seems that the decision is
given under   the   Compensation Act,
and   not, under  lha  MBimnn   Innr	
Two of the would-be hotelkeepers
at No, 6, Hardieville, found that It
doesn't always pay to run a hotel, as
one of them was fined $260 and the
other $200.
F. A. Walllnger. government agent
at Cranbrook, Is In the city.
.Thomas C. Smith and -Linda Hugall
were married at the Methodist parsonage by. the Rev. D. M. Perley on Saturday last. On Monday, July 20, the
same- pastor united J. Kotek and Barbara Vlasak, iboth of Michel, in the
bonds of matrimony, at the parsonage.
TheEvehiof
the Season
I*O.O.M.
PICNIC TO
ELKO
Monday, August 3rd
A real day's outing, with lots
of fun for the kiddles and grown
folk.
Train leaves G. N. Depot at
Fernie, 9:53, returns from Elko,
8:30 p. m.
Tickets can be obtained of
Fire Chief McDougal, Messrs F.
G. Moses, C. Volland, T. Uphill,
J. Sweeny, and P. Billsborough,
Coal Creek.
RETURN FARE $1,05
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
North Lethbridge beat Taber. 3-1.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ■ ♦
♦ LETHBRIDGE NOTE8 ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<♦♦♦♦♦
Last Saturday morning. A. Ostlflne,
a miner of Staffordvllle, died at fhe
Gait hospital, from blood poisoning,
arising from an abcess on the knee.
The funeral took place Sunday afternoon at the R. C. cemetery. Having
no relatives here but a son-in-law,
who was In straightened clrcum-
etencos, the Local became responsible
for the funeral and hospital expenses.
.This Is the second case recently, and
these cases cause a considerable
amount of running around, and at the
same time a great amount of criticism,
as many of the different nationalities
seem to run away with the tdea that
because they pay dues to the Union,
whenever they get into any difficulties,
they have nothing to do but call up
the Looal secretary, and he has to
take over the responsibility and see
that everything is carried out accord*
Ing to their dictates. It Is generally
known thut there ls a sick and uccl-
dent fund In the colliery, and has been
for the last twelve years. The dues
are only ;,n rent* a monih, and the
i
V
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy in our OM Une
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit tbe ends of thu
earth and' >xm know you're secure.   The best 1ft
FIRE INSURANCE
is always cheapest, and eopecl-
_jji]v   to*   wft-A-n   -It   AvMti't    -mat
95125
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want but come right
ia at once and have It attended
to
M. A. KASTNER
80LE AGENT FOR.FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
tl
FERNIB, B. C.
|>n[i>er and District Offiwni wlio i'imi ninny* lie re-
lied npnri to irive them c-orrei-t information mk to
the condition of any cnmp in the Vn** or Ihe imrtli-
K-end all contribution* direct to Dmtrirt Li'duer.
iuul they will ho nehnoM'ledsred thronph onr col-
limn*.
Mr. James Touhey has taken up the i-benefits are $.". per Wb«k. $100 for a
position of pk boss In Old No. 3! member's death, and t't* for mom-
mine. I ber's wire, and It Is up to all the work-
WIIMnm Robinson, pit boss, and hlu'ers to be members of the society, fn
family, are taking a trip to the old!such cases as the ones referred to,
country. I there would be no difficulty ln making
Mr. Tom William* wuh down here on nrrnngetiHMit* on    tho   domino of   a
T'fPiday, making his usual Inspection
of the mines.
THE HILLCREST HOLOCAUST
By Old John
When \mi rend of Colorado, where the miner* and their wives
Wi_a- ikt*c '.a ika'h io g-aji-mtri IV*vis* tm^lwctl to take tlH-k Win,
And io mansacre their children and otherwise outrage
The dapendfnts of these men who tried to obtain a living wage;
Ur how the miners tents al Ludlow, i»uroha»ed Irom our Union fund*,
Wete domollnhed by itate mllltla with fire and Maxim gun»™
To enable j. !>. Rockefeller and the mllllonalrw combines
To nmb th* Miner*' t'nlon at the Colorado mines.
Then n«k yourselves the question what a miner's wane shall tie,
Wbo rinks.hi* life In gaseous mine*, owned by some company-"
Who tor cursed comiwtltlon sake wntdi n big output of coal
At ihe cheap-eft cost ami least expense that capital can control,
Or ask the Hlllcrest widow* what should be a miner's nay,
Who to rob reluctant Xatuiy of the wealth she'* utored away
Must bunrle through earth's bowel* and for n may hole
Descents aad outrage Nature lo supply our need* witb coal,
1'or cot-throat < amp-rut Ion drive* the wage slave to engage
tn all kind* of risky labor to obtain a living wag*;
H» hit* no *'m**> *n h*«l»»te »n<t mttt' tbamfnra tak* it cbs-aee**-
Or lose his !ot». and that would rob him of his sustenance.
And '*«•»# *hm tn <-sm » I'vNg wage thnt tbt* miner* of Hlller***,
A wining t<»n In "The Crow** S**x Pass," 'mid the coal b«H of th* treat,
At T » m on tun* nineteenth nfwteen hnmtred and fourteen,
Two titin*^r»*-t .-mil Thirty-seven men tw start tttefr work were %*en.
lint soon ji *e**r!tiN> e*filo*!r»ri nhftok prottd Turtle Mountntit high.
While »nio*- ami dust trom rat the mine »**» thot np towards tbt •■*>.
•fl,-. pk»ik,i *«-*>*/-<*<•» nn* tntM<a*<f t*e*t from th* Min-nel month  arum arr**k**l
Ana lis root attm* tott) tmt was blown by tbe esplodeit m* It uhe< ke<l
\uA mm.:. ).*,*..:= uaiti.d !n m-tue work arrived then- hnrriedly.
The miner*' head offielaU all rifhi throughout District Eighteen.
iVom Fernie, (oteman awl eUmmketo.- ente quickly w* tk* eten*.
Whilst in bopaa ot mving Hvta or llraba ontb itoxpital wnt n •taff—
TfaMiah n-t*•**♦, 4rtetAMi an4 tMirwe-Mm msb-Ml there tm tbn-lr own ltt*k»M.
ttmx mm to* ofK-fMriM* HHn»r». m*ir mmh ■»*•* xo .%•**»(« imku, ,
liy then tu4 erotMNf th* tltt-et IK vide, twyond alt human aid
To tk* maaaventetti of the <*, p. Rr great eredlt it alto due.
And to their officials and •mifloywn, wbo from otnty s«!nt of ilew,
»M all *»!»:» their power lo bring help to Hlllcrest mine
rrom Veto'**. Utbbridge and all towns along ib# Crow a Neat Un*.
Hut th* rata from Hmm Stations o»r d##|i gratitude all -iemrte,
for tin *n tbem it fid tb*ir *tftdpm*rii. tk*1r tnttnfn*. iAttf-%,- itnd aptanitt4 n*rr*,
ihat* mm* tmm*rn o*# tkelr M?#* today, tfcougb 5te> «*r« beat, ninn,
tit lb* terrltv'e tborb wbleb atww-ed the mm and the etirlwn motM»fld# «a*.
Wtoiie trained volunteers tram Vwxttrto*. ktona nun *'*n-nt nttasttit wimp
Wnt* toon engaged tn retww^erl te spite ol the atteNtawf,
Km tb* VSetorla ftrna tbt**-* m*o donor** tor <*«e *»» tb*y Hiked ikri.r !jtet
In bop*« to ***** tltcfr ffiMMVdM down tn the <i*atih bi**a
To A*o*rlk* 'fce atwn* -gramd tb» tut** '» far ktytmo my powtr;
TV-re ti-woUvtd'* tet WBHttti ••€ *b*Mt*ei t>*md **M*«r ky tk* bmt,
Wtttt tearful e?»s and astltra* looks and ttitil vateb tbn bee*.
wnttf tonttnf tor tmtr mr*d nm~a twa* i« *#m*»'* embfat* tbwti ••t»j»»
For of |tn» baadfWd »»d tiiil1JMt*ven tf»ve ml»*rs. twvtt Mid trtd,-
Wbo «-jiter««I she mine on that momlAK'a tbtft-^fcut tom-tttgbt nH ttAA
lt«twwsd alt** to Itll lit totno ot hotr tbat NMrnint aft«r *fc*#
A l-tftllk enpbtttm l»lf sttmtwd im*b In tb* mine
And how, half dotted, they struggled on to reach the tunnel mouth.
Hut few cnn tell how* they icot there or what party took them out.
The scene around the wash-house waa a sad. pathetic tight;
There arores of eager volunteers were working day nnd nlttht
iw wsmIi ami «a»*kel nH llie tit-ad and plaee eaitt in bla ttieli,
Which thouth <t grewaome task to do, 'twas done extremely well.
Tbe funeral of the victim* was an Impressive sight to «ee—
A procession over two thousand strong went to the cemetery.
Ud by a band from nellevue and another from Michel.
Doth playing the Dead March In 8»ot, that sacred funeral knell;
And tbere we laid In trenches in most orderly array
Those victims claimed from labor's ranks, wbo were sacrificed to pay
The toll that outraged Nature claims, mi let tu hope thoy sleep In peace,
For what signifies poor miners' lives If coal I* produced cheap?
Hut the one bright ray that will lift tbo gloom off Md, bereaved Hlllcrest
Will be to raise sufficient funds to succor the needy and distressed,
For though the dead are passed our aid, their dependant* Mill are here,
And we are now the keeper* of the ones th*r loved *o dear.
Ho please odd these Items to your bill the next time you en*age
In figuring out a miner's worth and what ahould be hi* wage.
~~"OU» JOHN."
member, and we should not have men
coming, as In thia case, with the
threat thut ir .the Ucal didn't look
after tlie roses, they would quit It.
A. llolokoskl had two fInfers broken
whilst at work In No. <S mine.
Today (Tuesday> ts<he first day for
this mine to work a»att Wt-dnwdaj-
last, being laid off for the altering of
Established April 1899
W, A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail   TobaCCOntSt
BARBER   SHOP,
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILLIARD ROOM
?
and LUNCH COUNTER
C
Our Coffee is Good-
J
mmmmmtm
BA1Y 1HOW AT THE ORPHEUM        The arrangement of    thl*    eonte«
—- l*r pleure ahow, and will no ttte... .
John*<>n iTrofher**, formerly of Van- *W b* *xpl*lned In the Orphenm nnd
(Oliver   who art* ..kiu.rta In Unmt- im»c  '"  '"# ,w*"*' T,aT»r" 1ttt*r.    The fttlbj*
oi ver, who are expert* in nome »*»r-U|MW w|„ u mHm   m^r ^ j,^
m.lt.ir», «bleb I* the tno»<* modem-iilm & j«nWi0W nm., after lb* t*f»
method of cbild photography, and who liar moving picture ahow. and will not
*/.• onamaior* wt tb* osb)  »««•*,("«« *••> **i tmemte witn tae regular
ettr* charge
>   l4H,*4lUuJk,,
*      .riti,    ., M-»
Hlllcrest relief
j where tn*)  conducted • iwby sbowj _,,.__
■yr-fWly    Tw-;r lour.-*' toad* *flTii«f#>*J    \t a n-tntl ot tht   Rugby   foolbaU
ments with the management of thejm*tch played l«*t flatnrdar In   the
i Orpheum Theatre to condmt a haUslwrk between V*rn\* snd Coal Cnnb,
llandwm* prtae* will bn offered f<»f|L™ **
the »o*t popular laky In Fernie, of „__	
th* tnm ranging from 3 month u»> to iMtAtui*My ■**,****,*
and imludiiag 4 ynnr td age.     The IWPOPMATION WANTED
picture* to he exhibited In tbe Orpb«»»     _. *——•
um will be tatam by Homrn Johnemt The relative* of Ck*rle« ArMuNW.
ft-fw In tk* kotntm of the ebtMren, '•»* *d 3Wo»rl**ey. and last heat* of
ai*d ntser proof* have bees atoowa toj»' »t. Kugene Hospital, i'ranbrook.
tb* vo-mdn. md tbnlr tmmmn id>-{«»d W. Watkfo*. late of Corbin, wtft
ta->nn4. * laatein iMk* will be w«4* A* ^'^ -" lw->u iUiiu*» ut tUuv.
from tkt erne **lect«d and aba** "«j Any person who ba* wen or heard
the ewrtaln In lb* theatre. illdeeUf tbe ml**<ng men thould writ* the
will be nauH»*rr* *nd no ajtm-e*-! tm*d. lA-ning Provincial IWJce,at t>mie. at
ffttllmt* wttt b» |l»*» tno with eaeb Uaee. ttbo w»t etmmmktmte wilh tb*»r
4-ImUalon tick*! 10 Iho theatre   ard | famUIeg.
folia* wttt m Aottn by eembert mh A
Tbn **r*nt nfhmo tt* k* edtemd iriff
be exblMtfti la * local alor* window.
Pletwre* of bable* -mbm tm*  won
prtte* in other tdttm wtll be ehown at
tb* Orpbewa FHday   **d  WomAnr-
Jaty 21th *ad WM.
Sbffpjh
VtL*H.     J^,^aJO^a    ri*flaHMa<MKAaM     m^aa     *n,^|^-ML^L
JL%mWMnimW    JL XXIVJEX JL JBIbJCt
BEST
ALWAYI
WrnWm Bxeluaiv* Fl«rtur« Tli««tMi
SPBCIAI*! Bmturdmy Matinc« And Evening
Fantomas the Man of Mystery in
THE TRAGEDY of The MASKED BALL
Potte reel*.   POttetb «» M»*
tbt* one, eo there » mete t*
PiMtfowta* Oeteetlve Steele*.     If vow batwnt   atett  tb*   others, **•*
»^^A^^^^»^><»^^»»/W»..-^^..^^»».-^^^^>^»^^i^A«%^^<»^»*li
■XTRA 8PKOIAL W«dnMday and Thursdayv July 29 * 30
DtiitfIn F«fnum In
THE SQUAW MAN
Tb* intantatHMWI Plajr a*d Wary
tta R««t» sf tup«rh OrsmatU A«tl«n.
by Idward MHtw ftnytn.  M4 «f teeem   W      .
A /«*««y i. L«ky Panttjft.   kdmhtko HC*t«tt s"«f ff C*nt*.
Following Week Mary Pickford in
A Good Little Devil
Four
Reels
by b*tnf a st*ady patron at f Ht tilt you art entn af taalnf OHIV THt tttt.
Pour ■*
Reels //.■)
..-"->■
■:il
it
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C„ JULY 25,1914
PAGE FIVE
♦*V
of The  District Camps
;< BELLEVUE NOTES
By Vexatus
■Our meeting convened' as usual,
frith the president ih the chair, supported by tihe usual summer crowd.
On tbe roll call of officers, all were
present, with the exception of Secretary Burke, who is away on his vacation.
Tbere being no correspondence, we
proceeded to consideration of reports
of" committees. The pit committee
reported having taken yp with the
superintendent the cases of two
brothers who had been dismissed] In
both cases they reported success in
getting them reinstated, one to his
own Job as a mechanic, and the other
from the outside to timber-packing on
the insld*.
The president reported his Inability
to get anyone to accompany him on
hts measuring tour, and had of necessity to go by himself, and a* six is thc
usual number required, the result Is
readily seen. The report was accepted, after listening to a scathing denunciation from some of the outside
men. We must admit that we were
deserving of it, when, out of 250 diggers, only one would undertake the
measuring job.
New business brought forth strong
comment on conditions existing on pay
day, which are commented on elsewhere. The pit committee were instructed to see those responsible for
it.
. iTQiere was also on view some fine
specimens of statement, which would
form Interest data for those who spiel
about the extravagance of the work-
ing -class. The committee will take up
tbe question of make up with the superintendent for those who need it.
The question was ibruught up concerning the change In the amount of
powder being allowed, but owing to
the number of contract miners present, It was deemed expedient to call a
special meeting for half past seven
•Monday night, for all contract miners.
It was brought to the Local's attention thai one of our membership
was In need! ot financial assistance, as
he had been off work for about four
months, and tbat he had endeavored
to make provision, for such things hap-
- penlng to him, but up to this time
very little assistance had been rendered him Irom that . source. In spite
of many of us realizing the need for
forming a sick benefit society In connection with tbe Local, up /to this
<tin!le we bave not been able to stir up
sufficient interest to warrant us making., a start. After discussing the
.^r^be^s-^as^^t-som-s^cngtbi-It^ffsr
decided tihat .Brothers Brooks and
Traska would stand at the -bank next
pay day and take up a collection on
his behalf.
The call for discussion In the Interest of organized labor brought forth
the Information that there had been
-thrown on the gcneen.at.the picture
hall, a notice to the effect that there
would he a meeting of the ratepayer*
to be held In the Lyric theatre on
Tuesday afternoon, at 2:30 o'clock. It
was thought by some present that It
was a deliberate attempt to keep us
-from being present, as 2:30 p.m. is
an Impossible hour for us. owing to
the double-shift being In vogue here.
But we h*d a plan In mind which
would baw been effective, If lt bad
teen necessary. On going to our
sptolai meeting, we were-Informed* by
ou$ of thc school board1 that the time
of the mooting had been thrown on
the screen by mistake, as the meeting
bad been Intended for 7:30 p. m.
The special meeting convened to
discuss the powder question, as It affected the contract miners. After
some jninutes' discussion It wa* decided that the pit committee should Interview the superintendent and report bark to another meeting.     >
•The mala voice party of this town
are, by persistent effort, getting into
shape nicely, and' on some future day
will treat us to an unusually good concert, but we are informed that they
need a few more bass singers, and a
hearty invitation is given . to anyone
who can fill this need.
It is with considerable regret that
we record the serious nature of Wm.
Evan's Illness.- He is suffering from
hemorrhage of the lungs, and is at
present domiciled. In a tent, pending
hts removal lo llie coast, where he has
been ordered by his doctor.
Mr. H. D. Hyslop of Coleman is a
familiar figure here these days. He
was taking subscriptions on Saturday
for the District Ledger, and we understand it ts his indention to make a
thorough canvass of this town. He
has also been holding the Methodist
pulRlt down the last two weeks very
creditably. .
The Methodist church choir has
been successful in securing the services of a very able organist, tn 'Miss
William.
Acting on tlie advice of Mr. Hyislop,
the Ladies' Aid are preparing to
give to the Rev. Cook and his bride
a regular Methodist welcome on
Thursday, on their return from their
honeymoon trip.
'A football match was played here
for the benefit if the Hlllcrest widows'
and orphans' fund, between Bellevue
and Hlllcrest, and we are Informed
that the score of 2 goals to 1, in Hill-
crest's favor fairly represented the
relative merits of each team on the
day's play.
Bellevue was visited by a band' of
Indians, whose dress and antics were
the source of much mirth to the inhabitants.
Saturday was pay.day here, and
pays were of very small dimensions,
owing to there being an idle week during the time of the explosion. But It
was nothing In comparison to the consideration shown those who had anything to lift. Tt has been understood
that those who are working on the
afternoon shift could have their
checks before noon, so that they
would not be rushed to get on shift,
but this week tbe first oheck waB
given out < just as the whistle was
blowing twelve. On arriving at the
•bank we found it closed for dinner,
which worked a hardship on those who
do not live in close proximity, and we
would respectfully suggest to those
responsible that a little more_ consideration 'be given to the question.
IMlss -Shone, matron at the Coleman
hospital, was visiting her sister, Mrs.
R. Evans, this week.
Evidence Ib not wanting that this
burg is i-n a prosperous condition.
■After   Bftnia   nnVMi   nr   t*leht.  ymanaL
rrssldence heref Herman Varley   ana
sessor of a $1,500 Studebaker automobile. Also a brand new garage.
(Mr. and airs. A. Brucey had a 'good
s(pin as far as Tod Creek in their automobile this weel? end, and report
fykviris a good time.
What's the matter with the Distriot
Ledger's advertising space? As we
see only one tradesman of this burg
advertising his wares In its columns,
Oh, Tom, "In what riding of Yorkshire is Doncaster?" Pay up and look
pleasant.   You lost your trip.
Who was the individual whose
spirits (became so exhuberant during a
recent (fishing trip that he bad to be
tied down to prevent him fishing till
night?
The adjourned inquest to determine
the cause of death in the Hillcrest explosion reconvened today (Tuesday)
when some very important evidence
was taken. We understand ihat the
inquest ls likely to continue for several days.
J. Cardie and Campbell McPherson
report fish very plentiful during their
trip.
On Tuesday of tnls week on arriving at the lamp cabin we were luform-
ed that there would be no work, owing to both fans being stopped. The
following morning on arriving at same
place, were informed that one fan was
running, and we would be able to
work, as the upper section would ventilate itself by natural means. After
some discussion between ourselves,
we decided that it was quite possible
for natural ventilation to Inefficiently
ventilate, the mine, whilst conditions
were normal, but we considered what
would be likely to happen if anything
abnormal occurred. Having in mind
the recent catastrophe that happened
at Hlllcrest, we decided we would not
go to work, but would hold a special
meeting at half past nine to discuss
the situation. After various views had
been presented, the following resolution was passed unanimously:
"That we go on record as condemning the action of the company officials lu asking the men to go to
work when the fans are not working,
and that we consult with the Provincial Inspector of Mines of the happening, and also that we refuse to enter
the .mine at any time when the fans
are not in proper working order."
The pit committee were also instructed to ask the superintendent
why the whistle is not blown when
there Is no possibility of there being
any -work, through the stoppage of the
fans, and not let us get into our working clothes and climb tbat hill for
nothing; also that in future If they
fall to blow the whistle we will take
thejiext day off.  —
CORBIN NOTES
and
family are sell'ng of? all their possessions, and are leading for Vancouver,
where he has been successful in securing moro congenial employment.
He will be missed in football circles,
as he has rendered yeoman's service
to Bellevue football club during bis
above-mentioned residence here, We
Join with others in wishing him every
success In bis new venture.
Mr. Tom Beeson has left for the old
country. -Ha Is taking a joint business
and pl-tbrore trip, but more of the
former than the latter, as he Is interested In the Johnston syndicate,
which is holding an oil lea«e In the vicinity of Mud Lake.
Mr. J. Ainslle, of Coleman, was also
visiting this burg.
Who are those two lonely bachelors
who are sdghlng for the presence of
someone down -where the river flows.
The mlna bere Is now working
somewhat *te»dy, it having worked
every day since June 24th, but judging from some statement* seen,   we
COALHURST NOTES
(The following notes from the Coalhurst correspondent were received' too
late for publication in our last Issue.)
Tbe mines have worked every day
since the 1st of July, and quite a number of new men have been hired.
The -Provincial Board of Health Officer was in the camp last week, and
with Doctor Rose, inspected the camp.
The village Council at-lheir laat
meeting, a week ago, appointed Daniel
Qulgley as Secretary-Treasurer, to fill
the vacancy caused by Ben Hltcben's
resignation.
Coalhurst football team journeyed
to Diamond City Dominion Day and
played a team drawn from Diamond
and Chinook. Thegame was too onesided to make very much comment
upon. Coalhurst had the game all the
way through and the score at the fin-
have not yet reached that land which Ish was Coalhurst 6, Diamond 0.
flows wKh milk and honey. The baseball team were also visit
It I*, with pleasure we record the
steady Increase ln our union membership.   ■ ■'■../'
Dr. D. C. iMcKenale Is the proud pos-
' '' w
When Men Discuss Shoes
emtmmmm
Two mm were diicugiinf ibo** in the lobby of a
large hotel.
One emphatically declared that he had tried all
the well-known ihoei, but had never yet found ab.
•olnte eatiefaotion.
Hii Mend tiked Mm If he had ever worn Invictw
SboH.
. .The answer waa, "Xo." «
"Well," laid hii friend, "I alway wear
Invictus Shoes
"To my knowledge, they art the belt iboet made.
I can get the itylei I like; thay wear ipleadidly.
and they are at oomfortable ai home Amm from
th* flrtt day. Y oo Uke my adfke and Uy them.
A trat estimate of lavtetaf Iboee—the logical
result of expert ihoemaUng ttm tha finest leather
over nature shaped lasts.
Tha solution of your footwear troubles He* with
InTictusllboes.. Try them.
or* to Diamond City and played a nine
Inning draw with the Cowboy*,
The Annie Laurie quartet had a picnic arranged on Sunday, Joly 5th,
down at the river bottom, but owing
to the change In the weather from
sunshine to rain the program bad to
be altered from a picnic to a house
party. A good time was enjoyed by all
and the favorite songs were "Annie
Laurie" and the "Irish Shamrock." Refreshments iwero served and everything wa* Jig.
July 2nd-~Born to the wife ot
Thomas Hattan, a bonny wee boy.
Everybody happy.
July Hth—Born to the wife of
Jam** Halnbrldge. a daughter. Mother
mi'! baby doing fine.
Corbin and Frank met on Saturday
and as predicted in last week's issje,
tho local soccer team reciprocated and
somewhat wiped out the ignomy of
their defeat at Frank a few days ago
by defeating the Alberta aggregation
by the score of 2-0. The two 'eani3,
after having their pictures taken bv
Kline Superintendent Graham, lined
up for the fray at 6:30 p. m. In the
absence of the scheduled referee, Mr.
Adamson, the two captains threw up a
coin for the choice of referee, Frank
winning out and electing to play with
their trainer handling the destinies of
the game, Mr. Tom Longwortb, who
gave better satisfaction than some ot
the men who have handled the whistle
ln games that the local team have participated in this season. . With the
theremometer registering 80 in the
shade, Tomlinson set the ball ln motion before a record number of spectators. After fifteen minutes of end
to end play, with Corbin playing up
the hill, with the sun In their eyes,
arker just mUsed the upright from
twenty yards out, with a shot that
seemed to have the - local custodian
beaten all the way. After the game had
progressed thirty minutes, the Corbin
attack worked the ball to within the
Frank penalty area, where O'Donnell
received the ball, tricked Watson and
placed the Blue and Whites ln the
lead by shooting the ball into the corner of the next out of the reach of
Sam-my Paton. This reverse seemed to
inspire the visitors, who played equally as good a brand of football as the
homesters up until half time, but
were miserably weak in front of goal,
The welcome—to the players—half-
time whistle sounded without any further scoring being done toy either side.
Upon the resumption of play, after the
ten minutes' Tecess, it was early evl-
denUthat the homesters were the classier team, as the local forwards,
arinpting the short passing gime,
worked the ball to within the Red and
Whitr-'s danger zone, when O'Donnell
received the sphere and sent in a /ol-
ley from six yards out. During the
last thirty minutes the game was of
a somewhat listless character, none
of tbe players showing , any unusual
brilliancy that deserves special mention, although Hutton, who was play-
Ing outside right for the visitors, had
several good openings, but invariably
failed, through shooting the leather
over the bar Instead of centering the
bill and giving the Inaldejfarwacdimn.
opportunity to score; had he used
the latter method there might have
been a different figure to a zero mark
to the credit of Frank. Play was !n
tuldfleld when the final whistle b'ew,
with th? visitors on the losing en-1 rf
a 2 tn 0 score.
On Saturday night after the football game a smoking concert was held
tn the club house, for the purpose of
treating the Prank Football teipi in
tbe same manner as they entertained
tbe Conbln boys when they visited
Frank a faw weeks ago. Songs, both
comic and sentimental, were rendered
by fifteen entertainers, Including several of our friends from the Alberta
cor! town. Tobacco and cigarettes of
the best Virginia blend, the product of
Michel and Fernie brewerlss and other
soft drinks were Indulged In until tbe
wee sma' hours. All who participated
voted an excellent time.
-As previously announced, the train
kindly lent by the Eastern R C. Hallway left the depot at 0:30 a. m. Sunday, carrying some hundred and fifty
holiday seekers from the hustle and
bustle of the city to the picnic at
Cold Springs, tbe ladle* of the party
provided a plentiful supply of good
thtngs to eat, while the male members
provided the liquid refreshments. The
'Frank football club were also entertained at the picnic, returning home
on Sunday night's fast bound C, P. IX,
All kinds of games and athletic sports
were Indulged In, tho program ending
with a basket ball game between a
flvo from Frank and Corbin'* quintet.
Tlio game result-ad In u lie of thirteen
goals each. The merrymaker* reached
home again at tt p. at., atter spending
a very enjoyable day.
genial Jake, mixologist from the Beaver Hotel, many happy return of his
birthday. After a good spread of ham
sandwiches had been washed down
with "Alberta's Pride." some of the
boys sang like nightingales, wihllst
others spun yarns that we fear would
not pass the censorship of the editor.
Last Friday our Mounty Constable
\V; Bryan, succeeded, with some assistance in arresting *hrea prisoners who
it was alleged visited Bute ranch about
6 miles from Beaver, and helped themselves to goods and chatties including a saddle, bridle, about a score of
chickens and other things. A horse
was also included in valuables they
were alleged to have taken, but on the
gee-gee getting his liberty he returned
to his former owner. One of tbe
prisoners, Harry Smith, although hand
cuffed, succeeded in making good his
escape from a man who had charge of
him, and so far Is at liberty, but his
brother, Jacob and Ralph llollingbeck,
were taken to Pincher Creek Police
Station, Ralph Vrooms was also
charged with being Implicated, but the
charge was withdrawn.
Dominic Cyr left Beaver on Sunday
morning for Waterton Lakes with a
party of pleasure seekers, including
Mrs. Ross, Mrs Richardson and others.
A. meeting of the Local was convened last Sunday at 3 p.m., S. Nicholson,
president, In the chair. As the attendance was small, several matters, Including the" election of local officers,
was postponed until next meeting. As
this was./the first regular meeting at
which business, other than dealing
with relief was transacted, the secretary read a full statement of the relief
accounts. The balance sheet showed
that $237.50 had been received from
the following Locals: Michel, Fernie,
Hoamer and Bankhead, $50.00 each;
Carbondale, $37.50, and that this amount, plus all the cash standing to our
credit at the bank was distributed by
the relief committee amongst the most
needy members and their families.
(The secretary read a circular letter
signed' by W. L. Phillips, president,
and A. J. Carter, secretary-treasurer,
calling attention to the terrible catastrophe at 'Hlllcrest, and requesting
Chat our sympathy be expressed in a
tangible manner. Although all present agreed that the dependants of the
victims who lost their lives at Hlllcrest were entitled to our first consideration, yet in the opinion of some
the purpose would be better served by
allowing members time to get a few
pays before -making the collection, seeing that several of them had been
practically idle for many months. It
wae also urged by some that iBrotiher
Nick Curmeilo. who_lflat-all_hisJ>sloBg»
ings owing to his house being burned
down last week, deserved immediate
assistance, Eventually it was moved
by (Brother Thompson and seconded
by Thomas Hughes, that a dance be
held on Friday evening, August 7th, to
commence at 9 o'clock prompt. Admission will be by ticket, gents $1.00,
ladles free. Tho whole of the proceeds to go towards the fund In aid
of the dependants of the HMlcrest victims. A Bupper will be provided by
Airs. Cole for ticket holders, whilst the
dance will take place in the Lytic Hail.
Dave Lamond, Bellevue, »>nd other musicians have offered their services for
thut occa'.'on, and as a pleasant treat
lu in store for all subscribers, we hopp
all who are In sympathy with the object in view will rally round the committee which were elected-—viz., John
Loughran, secretary, Sam Nicholson,
president, Alex. Thompson, Ell Nelson
and Harry Drew. Don't forget the
date, Friday evening, August 17th.
COLEMAN NOTES
Mr. 'Fred Oox of West Coleman exhibited his wire haired terriers at the
Medicine Hat Kennel Club show, and
secured two first, two second medals
and a special prize. Mr. Cox seems
to have no opposition in this class of
dogs.
•Mr. James Lamb has returned to
Coleman, after spending a two weeks'
holiday in Spokane.
-The Coleman Lodge of Odd Fellows have installed the following gentlemen as officers for the ensuing
yoar: Past -Noble Grand, \V. G. Rogers; Noble Grand, William Antrobus;
Vice Grand, S. Slingsley; Recording
Secretary. AV. S. Machin; Financial
Secretary, Willam Burns; Treasurer,
David Reid; Warden, 1. G. James;
Conductor, G. Greenhulch; Outside
Guardian, \V. Jenkins; Inside Guardian; Jack Failrhurst; R. S. N. G.. Chas.
Dunlop: L. S. N. G., Sam Hatfield; it.
S. V. G„ John Hatfield; R. S. S., M.
Stltt; L. S. S., William Hogan; Chaplain, Chris. Rogers.
District President D. L. Phillips was
f-. Coleraun visitor on Friday, th'; 17th,
on hus'ness.
.Mr. Jim Kellock, one of Coleman's
papular footballers, pulled out for Ro.i-
lin, Washington. Jim will he greatly
misses from the forward rank of Coleman F. C.
Mr. Rodgers and Mrs. Rodgers, Miss
Morgan and Miss McCormack, along
with Mr. W. J. D. Rodgsrs and J.
Lowdcn. spent Sunday, the 13th, at
the ranch of Mr. Joseph Morgan.
A tegular Donneyibrook took place
hi the early hours of Sunday moram?
among some foreign-speaking subje-f.ts
in Bushtown, one of the survivors receiving a rather severely damaged
cranium. He was brought before A.
M. Morrison, J. P., on Monday morning and fined $5 and costs, besides his
damaged head.
'.Mrs. -Cleary and daugnter, from
Lethbridge, are visiting Mr. and Mrs.
T. B. Smith, n?ent at the C. P. R,
depot.
The <.','.:':.'■.- prospective League
cham; '.*■-•, ■■: -ie district league, of
LethL.iiti; . >-• due in Coleman on
WednesJ.'.. •■'.- 22nd, with the Wes-
leyan excui-bi.i's from Lethbridge. Tho
Coleman club will supply the opposition, and a good game is expected.
The Coleman fire brigade were called out to what might haye been a
serious conflagration, as strong wind
was blowing from the west at tbe time.
The cause of the trouble nas a heated
flue tn the residence of Mr. Joseph
Thcmp.'.on. Fortun-ucly the brigade
were proptly on the spot ami averted
any. serious damage.
(The new electnic hoist has at last
arrived at the mines of the International Coal and Colte Company at
Coleman and is being rapidly installed.
Further Camp Notes on Page Four
•The Minors, Railwaymen and Transport Workers' I'nion, including 1,250,-
000 workers are now federated ' in
Great Britain. The Railwaymen in
session at Swansea, have resolved not
to work with non-union men. This
would have raised a great outcry a
few years ago, now it is taken as a
matter of course.—-Cotton's Weekly.
The self interest of the working
class is against the self Interest of the
capitalistic class. And tbe capitalist class control the law making
'bodses.—Cotion's Weekly.
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention
If you are satisfied, tell other*,   If not sstlsfled, tell u*.
Coleman
Alberta
J
IMr. and Mrs. John Redhead wilt
move this week to Frank, whero they
intend to permanently reside.
_.      ,       » i    ... ..<!,. ft*v*rnl ot thi*   son*    nf   intitlncrn
Tw^j  July *th. it At, .Mta{lA-*a|Worow, awlMV,nf  h6rt,   w,„, ,,,„,,.
night at the Coalhurst Lodge 105,1 o. ft|m,Has   am,   m0¥,n|t   t0   ntt]cmU
We L OUIMETTE
Colomnn        -        Alberta
-HA
met
O. V.. and the officer* installed wi>t<»
as follows; J. D. Keith. P. O.; Prt-i
Smith, X, O.: Jam** lllll, V. a.; Alfred Bedwell, R. 8.; Thomas Ilatton, F.
8.: Isaaf Whltefleld, Tro**; T
Locke. Warden; R. (lammon, Conduc-
lor; O, n. Rose, Chaplain; Thos. Clapham, I, O.; Frank n«*t(|e. O. «.: Augustus Newhuiy, R. 8. 8.; C. MU?*,
1* «. 8. Wr. A. Manning, D. 0. O. M.,
snd suite of -Diamond IMgr, hid
charg* or the installation, which waa
aW«r carried out. .
<MIS* ttm* Knowiei   Ml   Conlkitrat
for Victoria and other roast point* for
a «r-»!M*am*«t vacation, before return-
'. im to km k*mn Sn Amtbnmpum, Oat.
.    Mit* Mnry R MsfAuley l*rt for !i#r
borne in Southampton a tea, days ago.
iMlM MacAul«y and Alls* KnowW.
who kive tormtttl the twtrhlng staff of
the Cualhurat school, will not return
netf term.   The   feeling   Is   gei»rst
whtw tbey will work In tlie mines for
Mr. Stewart, who will be remembered
sa the superintendent here during the
Diitrtet IK strike.
Sir*. Robinson and <Mlss Hell left on
Monday morning'*- train to visit frlonds
In Itonff.
The regular meeting of Local N'o.
2177 will be held In tho Union flail on
Sunday. All mniiibBrn am rw|iiest#d
to attend and help form pl«ns for a
policy of thoroughly orranislim the
mm employed In and around ttn#
mine*, thus giving them an opportunity to pay their prorata for t!u» hen*.
llu inej <i«-m«t through organisation,
taltghtcnlna th* ma*« to thuir ♦« orioni!*-
and <-l»s» int-M>r*t*, and dlsrunning and
settling in a businesslike mannur, ar-
cording tu contract, their «rt»»vaiic<«t.
iMr. and .Mra Spencer and Jamil? r-**-
i I ii muni. Friikv, nll*v upoxxiltin *#*v»r»l
that the *chool irork for ih# p**t term «ur, at the Chahko Mika held In \'tl
I haa htmo Wf *«*■ MM***   •*■»* "»•*"♦ ?;   _   _   ^^  ^   >M,.  <w„<a  -|:.
;gnitfmn* to all eouc-trawl.   Th* i*»lr.«iiwwM«*»«<t   f1**   ♦*>«^«-(r^   *■*-**,,r
.i^tmirk .it**.',* ittmii**   *****   im   ntt-cbiaipn had • lime lb*t *tr**il*^ thoir
JinUsed In the -romajanlty. jsntuiitatton*.
$   Ralph Cbamb-*m blew in rsmn frmnjj
ill* ktmmxead n p**fc ago and ntenm
to work a* a machine manor again la
the mine.  We are plmneA ta am the
mm
1JJI1MIMJ1JM-J.il
9HS
T. W. DAVIES
Pun«raf  Director
an«   Imbalmtr
Heactotortftt Supplied and Set up
OOL1MAN ,--*—»ttf18?'m    ALBERTA
nil IM*-*-***    »i»-»*W»K.*t»
There I* a nwsor that Sir. ftntav
MnDonaM, dry good* merchant, til
!m> giving t.) eaeh td his customer* a
nam pair of btmtn, ta eelehrate  ih»-
opening of hi* fine mw store on lia In
street, next par day.
llarrr Tfcatafcak, organiser 8. !» P.
,U  it*  ti*mv  thl* *•"«•»   w-mring  m. .
fortlrn spMkln* broth.™    tbe Mt* «** proprirton of the noneer
Um' »f*» la ktiint; mf<1 rar tin -pu;i-*»* -!    ''  r'- "'   *     *';' hM' 'itl, ,fut '
Alr». CSrnrg* fnype It Im-tk In Vtml- 1h''>   nUi ,u' n>" "S"*rt#ii4«« tin el
bom again, after ■ two months' tr
mrt. I ft Watson returned -m M*»»-
■iny tnm trom ber raeatloR.
A   emmmiti**  loetrotttd    by  tbt.
L*»*t   week fhe mtn**  worked  *l*
•Wft*. and »o far thlwr* sre looking)
good at Rearer.
From what we run Iwiro, a worttiat I
•ml 11
J. LUli'
temtt#> Aitarday evening*.   Last ffctt-jl
RIGHT HERE!
Is where YOU SAVE MONEY
on the purchase of a Suit, a Hat or Pair of Shoes
The F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Blairmore
Are offering at COST PRICE your choice  of
90 Men's Suits from  $5.75
60 Boys' Suits from     1.90
200 Men's & Boy's Hats
including Stetsons   3.80
FOOTWEAR
Two thousand pairs of Shoes, including INVICTUS, REGAL
and "K" make at COST PRICE    High Leg, Prospector or
Teamsters' Shoes from
$3.35
»rd») t, *6«*l #*-!-#*ik«4 ed j^iiam* won!
tbonn « tk* Plonmr. to a fairly full
Hon**. rotw*M*rt»g th-* wnrm sr*ath«r.
)»!•«*' VMm tn it work mff% ^jjdanr*  *hi!# tm metoti* tnmlh- p^
•en***** ior -mldwarn and orphans of p*****1* tt*** ttmat*
tbo liSletvaM mpteetm. A f#» #**•**! boon -were npmt nn
IMIly Woaeh and frtand. Wm. tioidoxl7u*i*tey *r*nlng nt imr* Thompson's
•ft**! Hirndar afwrnwNn **at-efclug tb* ?1mfttalo». <*h*« mart oi tlw boy* ot
ptdumtn grow, dowa on vm term.      th** »»'»**   s***m!»t#d   io wish th*
Remembet, this ts not a reduction of undesirable goods. We Stave no
old stock to offer, so take your chotce frotn CLEAN, NEW & UP~TO»
BATE GOODS for Balance of July ai Cost Price FOR CASH,
'Hie Store thit Saves You Money rt ^^-i'*^^^.
"VT.i SE    ■««   ■'-
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JULY 25,1914
\
♦
♦
Labor Camp Li felts Evils
Scattered over the continent, separated from industrial centres, are
groups of workers living under conditions called labor camps. Employment in labor camps is usually seasonal or casual. Because the employment is of 'but 'brief duration and because the camps do not come under
general observation, very little consideration has been given to the health
■conditions prevailing among the camp
workers, nor it the consequent menace
to the health of the community generally appreciated.
The Wisconsin Industrial Commission has recently made a report on
Wisconsin labor camps which ought to
arouse other States to the necessity of
making similar investigations. In describing railroad camps this statement
is made:
"Sanitary .precautions in railroad
camps consist mainly of printed instructions to the camp clerks and
cooks which are commonly disregard-
ed. Surroundings of camp very bad.
Odors plentiful. Everything left over
from food seemed to have been thrown
out of the cars without any care whatever. Both front arid rear of camps
bad. Within ten feet of camp is ditch
full of water drained from swamp
nearby. This full of garbage, old
clothes, etc. -Thick scum on water.
Plenty of files."
The utter disregard of th^ most elementary principles of sanitation results In swarms of flies, germs, and
parasites which serve as carriers of
infectious diseases. The beda in the
bunk cars are usually in a terrltle
condition. The laborers, who do not
expect to stay long, do not trouble
themselves about conditions; those In
charge of the camps shift responsibility upon the men. The public seems
uninterested in locating original responsibility for Insanitary conditions
or ln protecting Itself against the
spread of disease.
For thero is a constant stream of
laborers going to and from the camps.
They carry to industrial centres
dirt diseases of the camps.
■What iB true of the railroad camps
Is true of the lumber camps, were
the houslidg conditions are, if possible,
even worse. Camps of ice workers,
beet sugar and paper mill workers
constitute poison factories menacing
Wisconsin health conditions.
Other States have the same kind of
dangers emanating from other kinds
of seasonal labor camps. Maryland
has her canneries. Families move to
the country during tomato season, and
suffer from careaeBS habits caused by
the makeshift lkfe and tbe strain and
• drudgery dt the work. The south has
her cotton picking and suga> camps.
-G^ifomfe45s&-hor-hop^)lcklngJrhe.
made for sleeping accommodations.
Durst donated a few old tents, and
rented others to the workers at seventy-five cents a night. "Business is
business," according to Durst standards. 'The''workers, many of whom
had come distances on foot, slept on
straiwr-blankets were a luxury.
The most vicious sanitary abuse was
that of the toilets, . There were eight
for twenty-eight hundred people. The
frightful conditions resulted in dysentery which multiplied the dangers
from the abuses. Flies swarmed and
multiplied. Typhoid developed. Failure to make any provision for garbage
disposal increased disgusting conditions.
'In the hop fields there were practices that were the very quinescence
of cruelty—but they added to the
profits of Durst. Hop field are hot.
Last summer the temperature rose to
122 degrees. The wells In the fields
did not furnish sufficient water. The
wells at the ranch buildings were one
mile distant from the hop fields. The
workers were doifig piece work. Durst
stated that although hop picking began on Thursday or Friday he did not
send water wagons to the fields until
the following Monday—he did not say
why.
The hop pickers began work at 4
o'clock. By noon the vertical rays of
the sun had parched tHem. The wells
had been pumped dry. There were
men, women and children suffering-
children from 5 to 10 years of age. At
noon the stew wagon came. Those who
•purchased stew obtained a glass of
water. Durst testified that he profited
by this arrangement. He testified that
he did not permit the town stores to
deliver goods on the ranch. His cousin
bought a lemonade concession. He
sold lemonade at 5 cent* a glass. The
lemonade was made of citric acid.
These hop pickers' were treated
with less humanity and consideration
than are given to -cattle. They were
tortured;—for profits. Being human
al dignity and self-respect, the storm
that gathered and brought murder in
its wake was an inevitable result.
One of the leaders of the outbreak
said:; "We can't agitate in the country
unless things are rotten enough to
■bring the crowd along." Things were
rotten enough' on the Durst ranch to
weld twenty-seven nationalities into a
■protesting, avenging whole. Rioting
followed the Interruption of a -mass-
meeting by the sheriff's, posse. (Blood
was shed.   Human lives"were taken.
Some of the hop pickers were tried
for. manslaughter. Two were convicted and sentenced—one for life.
But what of Durst, the man who had
tortured men^ women and children to
IncreaselheT profits- rrom~~steiw—and"
citric acid lemonade? Shall he go unscathed? You say organized society,
must avenge itself against misdeeds
In order to uphold law and order. But
did society give even a thought to the
wrongs and the misdeeds committed
against these workers until they rose
In their might to enforce their own
Ideas of justice? iXdw that knowledge
of wrongs that offend decency and the
sense of justice have been forced upon society, will society give consideration to these wrongs?
State taws already exist ln California to regulate sanitary conditions of
camps. The State Commission of tan
migration and Housing has already
taken steps to enforce them: Such
action should have ibeen taken long
ago, but at least It will help to prevent
future suffering. The Intention la to
prosecute to the full extent of the law
employers who maintain insanitary
camps. The only remedy is to organize and educate the camp laborers
so they shall be able, to protect their
own Interest*. Their very necesalty
has made unorganized, casual, migratory workers easy victim* of employer*' greed and inhumanity. Raising standards ot work will naturally
lead to raising all living standard*.
The facta presented In the majority
report are undtaputed. A minority report, submitted by iMr. Paul Scharren-
berg, secretary of the commission,
doea not criticize the facts, only the
Interpretation and the remedy offered
In tho majority report. Mr. Scharren-
berg think* that the value and the importance of the I. W. W. movement are
over-estimated. He concludes that I.
W. W.lsm or other form of leadership
Is but an Incident of the organization.
"The only ronl significance of this In
the conditions which make -possible
such leadership.'"
IThe remedy for existing conditions
lies not in the intrusion of a third
party, finds .Mr. Scharrenberg, but in
the inculcation of the spirit of self-
help   He adds with force:
"Why not give credit where credit
is due and acknowledge that the labor
movement of California—the 80,000
men and women under the banner ot
the American Fed-e&tion of Labor-
has already actually cured some of
the worst evils under which the unorganized seasonal workers have sufc
fered?
"The labor movement has spent
thousands of dollars in an effort to Inculcate the spirit of self-help (i. e., rational and permanent organization)
among the casual and migratory workers of the State. The very law regulating the sanitation and ventilation in
the camps upon which the..Report
dwells in detail and which It is hoped*
will majce impossible recurrence of
the Wheatland riot, was drafted and
placed upon the statute books mainly
through the efforts of organized labor." ..*■■.,
Mr. Scharrenberg proposes to attack the unemployment evils by means
of information bureaus under the cpn-
trol of the workers themselves. He
presents this reason for his method:
"The' real remedy can be applied
only by the workers themselves. But
the Commission of Immigration and
(Housing can, if it will, help to point
the way. If the suggestion here offered)—that of encouraging this class of
labor in the essentially necessary duty
of self-help—will serv6 to make conditions ibetter, then It ought to be
made public plainly and emphatically,
If, on the other hand, it is believed
that the migratory workers are unfitted to take care-of themselves, incapable of even participating in the,
attempts at a solution of the problems
confronting them, then the commission ought not to hesitate to announce
its opinion\df these men. In the latter
ca^e It would seem to me entirely fitting that the commission should, not
rely upon existing statutes, but should
recommend more laws, rules and regulations to govern the workers' every
day life, more municipal ... lodging
houses, larger county institutions for
the poor, increased public charities
of various kinds, free or nearly free
public employment bureaus, and other
means whereby the workers "may be
persuaded that the .practice of self-help
and the rendering of mutual aid among
their own class is an unnecessary virtue."
State -laws should require reporting
of diseases in jabor^ camps.   Provision
horrors that have made life in one Cal
ifornia hop-pickers* camp a veritable
hell are fully and graphically described in the report of Charlton H. Parker
to Governor Johnson aud the California State Commission of Immigration
and Housing. *Mr. Parker was sent
to find out the causes of, the riot in
the hop fields laat summer. His report is a most scathing Indictment of
the greed, cruelty, and Inhumanity of
the owner of the Durst hop ranch.
The Investigator found that over
2.800 workera were employed on thl*
ranch. They were Hindus, Japauese,
negroes, white men, women and children. Twenty-seven nationalities
were noted in one gang of 250 workers.
They were "unskilled" laborers with
unclean personal and camp habits, The
Americana were In the main o( the
migratory working class. Those who
had Ibetter standards found their experience on the Durst ranch deeply
humiliating. For although the group*
of hop-picker* were like those on all
the ranches, there were peculiar regulation* upon the Durst ranch that led
to the Sunday uprising of laat August.
Durst had a "bonus" system—00
cent* wa* paid for every 100 pound* of
hops picked during the first weok, to
which 10 cent* waa to added if the
worker* stayed during the somen,
three or four week* in length. The
average for 1913 waa fl for 100
pounds, Therefore, at Prof, Parker
•ay*. the "bonus" wa* In reality jx
"hold back," acting a* a whip to hold
discontented worker* In line. But
such were tha conditions of work and
the filth of the Durst camp that he
estimate* »Mr, Durst realized $100 to
H&0 a day from forfeited "bonuic*."
The official inveatigatlon found the
sanitary conditions of the camp horrible,   'Practically no provisions wore j cldent lie* in the proof it affords of
should Ibe made for locating the origin
of such diseases and for the prevention of same. Sanitary regulations
should oe prescribed, provisions for
proper huosing, hospital and medical
attention. These standards should
be enforced by official agents and
by the demands of the workers themselves. Camps can be made perfectly
sanitary as even the temporary one-
night camps of the army demonstrate.
The menace that labor camps constitute not only to the workers in the
camps but to the members of society
to whom the Infections from the
camps are carried was presented to
the representatives of organized labor
at the Toronto convention of the American Federation bf Labor in a resolution, by Delegate D'Allessandro. .the
resolution provided for an effort to
secure -Federal legislation aud-regulations to protect these workers, ajrt tfor
similar action by State legislation. A
bill for this purpose was introduced
in Congress, but was oot enacted into
law. Several State legislature* have
considered propositions to protect the
worker* in labor camps, but little ha*
yet been accomplished.
(Meanwhile the number of labor
camp* and the danger from them ha*
constantly Increased. Although the
organization of these casual, migratory
workers presents many difficulties, tt
is the only sure method of -protecting
them and society. Only .Intelligent
self-helping will enable the laborers to
secure fair treatment for themselves,
though governmental regulation Is
necessary to safeguard society. Both
purpose* should be urged to immediate
fruition. In these effort* It Is not only
the duty but the pleasure of organised
labor to render evory aid within its
powar,—-A. P. of L. Weekly News Let-
ter.
♦♦♦
♦ ♦♦
Sanitation and Ways of
Making it Effective : : :
♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
By Dr. R. D. Roller, Jr.
Medlt'tm* Ih drawing nearer wli
day t» It* ideal tin.' prwnilou df
df»*'»*«•: and nanltatfmi fi on«» of thi»
gft«a» fornenstotie* on which fWi'ltV-
lasis I*-built. As'prevention of illumi**
U cf :u<.yr i',r,p*itlA;.'tt 'Aha:, tht *.;{.*:,
no b h or mor* ln»fmrt*-nr.» to kf»ct» a
itiau.t v,uikli.* *kilit> •>'. i-.if Hutu lo
try to build It up ntut lt has declined.
ttanlrmlon nnd vftb-letwy go Innd In
Ii.itt<i. TUo mini aIio Iim a clillJ at
bom* in hed with typhoid fi*v»>r, ron-
trart-pil from llii»a or bad w*t«*r, ennnot
hi. t»n» t»r *»«■?»» i.tttttttn-tX nt *M<i work
Tli« man who has to tionp aHtlfSftt
with n hobby--a hobby that i* so prat'-
tu.--.il that il k«'«<i)iM tu mu lii<lit>|>uubl«>.
I havo thought It nnd talked It for
years. "Kwieeh" ig tho naiiii's of lt.
Kuch hoti*** xhuiihl bf fem-t-ii. Tlii*
should ba dono when tht* houso 1*
built, m that tho cost, will not mem
m burrt-ensome Kjich yard mu*t tie
cIi-mii-hI of rubbUli lit»for« occiipAiiry,
and, what I* of mors important*1, earn
t#>n«nt mu*t bo positively told that
tHitt yard uiumi be k-t-pt In that condition.
A sidewalk vhould b*> laid in front
e»f tb* botixf* nod th* rood* nhwtW tw»
kept paiuwbi*-.    In aumnivr no wauir
v A simple and unique scheme was
used by one coal company which is as
effective as it is cleanly. Tea or
twelve inch" pip© was laid under
twenty or more houses, with an
opening under each house. A near-
bjj~stream was diverted into the pipe,
flushing it continually, thus answering all the 'purposes of a, sewer without
the expense. Of course, neighbors further down the stream must be taken
into consideration.
I would like to have a plan tried
that I have had In mind* for some
years. The same system of pipes
most be used, but these must be cofr
nected in-a common sewer. These"
must be flu-shed once a day automatically from a tank built for that purpose*, The'sewer can be discharged
into a river or large stream, or, lacking that, several large pools can be
dug, or a septic tank, as recommended
for larger towns, can be used. I believe that this is an ideal system
where a water supply is abundant.
I would like to say, inUhis connection, that if any company is thinking
of installing the ordinary flush water-
closet, my advice is that it be put at
a distance from the house.
The question of garbage disposal is
a second serious matter. A box, made
of wood, or, preferably, galvanized
iron, with a tight, lid, should be'placed
for each house. It ls better to use
these boxes, if possible, for ashes,
tin cans and other rubbish, and have
the tenants put their slop in smaller
buckets, with lids. This slop can be
collected in a separate compartment
of the garbage wagon; or in large covered boxes that can be carried in the
•wagon.**.    •.''.,*■" ■"''."'■■■■  <
By special arrangement with the
drivers, the owners;of pigs can have
the slop hauled to their pens, and
thus make use of it to a great extent.
A .place should be selected In a secluded spot for the disposal of the
rubbish, and all slop not used by pigs
should be (buried or burned.
A garbage box without a (bottom has
been used with success in some places.
I believe it has the advantage of not
getting dirty . and foul-smelling so
Quickly, and there is less danger of
scattering the box of garbage when
collected. The box can be easily turned on its side, the garbage shoveled up,
and lime sprinkled on the ground .before replacing tho box. If for any
reason water gets Into the box it
drains out readily and does not make
such a bad mess of debris to handle.
Every precaution must be taken- by
the driver to prevent the scattering of
rubbish on the .ground.
A. rigid--rule must be enforced, requiring cleanliness and prohibiting the
throwing of trash about th-^'yards, and
upon any violation the yards should,be
cleaned and the cost charged to the
tenants. This sort of method acts as a
■punitive.,-measure-'but'is at the same
time just and fair, to all.
■. It will be of great advantage, and
soon pay the difference In cost, to get.
a man wh6 is thorough reliable and
has some tact to drive the wagon. The
difference that 25 cents a day In wages
makes will be recognizable in the
amount and character of the work.
Rounds <must be made- as often as
necessary, and this should be as fre-
qu"ent"as~o"nceTTWeekrarieaBtr
The water supply must be given full
consideration. A system of pure water should be furnished, and hydrants
Bhould be placed at every second
house, If not at every house. After i
central system Is Installed and water
obtained from one large source, there
Is not so great danger of contamination; but if wells are used, an examination should be made frequently to
Bee that no contamination has taken
place.
Around each hydrant a base of concrete should be built to prevent washing of the earth and standing water.
It would be best if a drain be put in
and the water carried away from the
roads and yards. >
•Before deciding upon the water that
is to be used a thorough bacterologtcal
examination of any springs that are in
ush should be made for contamination,
and~nny not absolutely pure must be
sealed up,
fThe camp officer should be made Uie
special sanitary officer, provided the
company is not large enough to afford
the employment of a man for that special 'purpose. He should make a
thorough Inspection of the town at
least once a month, should report any*
conditions that need correction, and
should especially call attention to any
flagrant violation of any role.
I want to Insist upon this plan. The
great majority of people Ilk* clean
homes and clean surrounding*, even
though they do not realise It. They
should bo encouraged in keeping their
premises In good* order, They
should be helped In making gardens,
Their front yard* should have grass
and flowers, and their hack yards
should have vegetable*. Price* might
be offered for the best garden* or
tho beat all round yards, and the management should show some perosnat
lnti»r»»»t.
In the same yard you cannot have
chickens and flowers, you cannot have
pigs and vegetables, and you certainly
cannot have a garden If you have a
yard littered with garbage, ashes and
old tin cans.
The children must be brought into
any scheme of improvement, and
th*Jr co-operation secured. The beet
place to teach them I* in the scliool,
and tho teachers should be asked to
plve thoir nld by talking to the
a short time each week on
mltted by the stable fly, care should
be taken to destroy'all breeding places
of the tly around the stable. .Manure
should be kept in a dark place and
covered, if .possible. Kerosene poured
on it wilKdestroy the laivJte. ; The
stable should be kept clean, and occasionally disinfected by burning sulphur, after it has been tightly closed*,
I-would also like to auggest that that
part of the store where meat Is sold
be screened. .One of the best ways to
do this is to screen the counters, leaving small openings, with self-closing
doors, through which the packages
might be passed.
>-.There is one -more, point to which
I wish to call attention- briefly .before closing. There has been a great
deal discovered in the last few years
in regard to hookworm and its connection with so-called laziness, and many
interesting facts have come to light. It
is of especial interest to us now, and
■particularly to -me, as I have found
two or three cases'in my practice.
It is found practically everywhere
south of the Potomac river, and although found moer frequently among
the country people, I believe it will ibe
found to some extent among, miners
and others.
Hookworm ova develop In a temperature ranging from 77 degrees to 95
degrees. iFah,, jjint they have been
known to develop In mines at a uniform temperature of £8 degrees, Fah.;
lower than this/there is probably no
development of the .ovum.
Infection occurrs most frequently
through the skin, rather than the
mouth; for this reason there is more
infection among country children, as
facial matter is more frequently scattered over the ground and children get'
the larvae on th61r feet.
, 'In mines where there are not closets
and the temperature Ib faVorable the
larvae develop and, getting on the
feet or hands of the miner soon, enter
the skin. '
- Hookworm causes symptoms varying from lassitude to complete debility, which increases until death relieves the sufferer. With many men
infected there is a tsreat decrease in
the amount of work done by a certain
number, and4 many more must be employed). I wish it were possible to
give definite statistics, but that will
come in the near future. In the meantime It will be worth while for the
operator t'o bear this In mind, and
consider that the day may come when
fighting the hookworm will be a part
of mining sanitation.—Coke and Coal
Operator and Fuel Magazine.
SNUFFING OUT LIVES
BY THE WHOLESALE
A few weeks2 rest from Business At
Glacier Park or the Coast
will give you a new le?,ae of life, or to those whose time is limited, take quickest route east or west,' vU the Great Northern,
Railway Co. •'-.'-..
; -   23 Hours Feraie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connection* at Rexford for East &, West
Yoa wjll enjoy all the comfort of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous and efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant.
Before purchasing steamship tickets, let us talk it over.
^ X
Fbr .further Information apply to       ""   -
R. J. MALONEY, Agent
P.O. Box 461  FERNIE, B.C.  Phone No, 1611
«g?l
THE
^^        W-ROMAL1 QEJ
^bW     chartik ■ OO*
ANK'CaNADA
■MM •»» ••MHTOTI'Ma
' TNMVMMOVT UMU
•ui tmnui
I IN TMMtl
3
JAMie MHO
atNWML Ml
I
Savings Accounts of One Dollar & Upwards specially solicited.
Full Compound Interest Paid. This institution was originally
established as a saving* bank, and it now doe* a very large
1 volume of buaihesa with thrifty depositors. u
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
ViOTORIAAta,, <- -:- FERNIE   B. O.
I
How fundamentally the service of
the underground workers is related1 to
tbe whole social structure'is realized
only when the workers themselves
compel recognition by withholding
that service. The hardships, the perils, the heartbreaking toll of the underground work also ls only appreciated when the workers themselves
force grim facts upon' the consciousness of society—those grim facts are
mangled <bod>ies, torn flesh and limbs,
and their own life-blood.
Down in-West Virginia 200 miners
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000       Reserve Fund ....$7,000,000 -
O. R.'WILKIE, Presltfwl HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vle*-f»r*«.
BRANCHES   M   BRITISH COLUMBIA 7
ArroWht.d, Cr-inbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloop*,   Michel,   Nelson...
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposit* at current rat* from dat* of depocit.
FERNIE BRANCH , '    l A. M. OWEN Manager
rofJiM, with film trom t!w- s-arimiii' ji'.le
Mwarmintt, the moMiuito** from a
tttaauant pool of water sinftuiK around
his hi-ail. Is not 100 pep <'fiit officiant.
jroadf. aii'l
fully filled.
nil
r-'ioMl*!  'if f".n-
kntlt, Irdepewdmtif of th* fi9.««nj**l.m.
upon which It should be fastened   ae-
.-,.     tiatn,,,•  -,,,,„„„,,,,., „,,*-   -»—™ *.* ...... -. -. -.*» * *.***-* rtirely and In such a manner that al|i
rhhni' urt> d low ol tho thing* Hint un* TW.m4,tH    !f ,„ n ^,p tnr ,h„ ^^|. i |,rh, ,„ *,«.i,,,^    so window* abmld
• All stagnant pool* near any boom
•hontd be filled ar<* ni standlm* f;iti»r
1 believe that these* principle are
necemry to Rain the co-operation of
the people In any sanitary effort
The do*et i* the greatest difficulty
wilh which bn h»v« to contend. Thero
aro many way* of arranging these,
frt'-ni buckets which are to be removed
pv«>ry week to pits which are deep
»nouah to be practically permanent.
The bucket it, good, but the constant
cos? of removal cvr-ntimlly boromex a
miiirto of irritation nnd neglect often; children
fallow*, with the vrry condition which «i neral sanitation, and what it mean*.
u nonaht xo bt> hvoMmI. Instance  thould  be   mncd   upon
The b*st, cheaper and mo»t satis-1'ii<? fact that clean surroundings with
faftory method of thl* I* the old ] R dirty hon** ar« unthinkable, and
fashion**! tut, T»« pu should be dug «'u-rj effon musi I?e made to have
five or fix f.■•♦A ilc-rp. The »!«<*•« should ^"an hem** within as w«ll as without,
ha tin**) with oiiv-lnch plank,to pr«- Ono great umn'i toward clanllne**
v«nt caving, Tlii»»e plank* ahould pro- j i» « centra! 4>ath hous*. At oaeh mine
Jw; a f«.iw inches above the mirfacivn bftth hotjso xhould be 'built, with a
nml « »irl|i of board nalUnl acroi»***.**WJtti of lockers, each lockar to too
their 1'tnK (iractlcftUj* formlnir n foun-'wad* of st««»l nnd wall ventilated,
rtat km. I There should be on* locker for oach
««i    ■ .    .»■« i ,.      . ,. , ,  'min-  * atrtnll ri»n»n! i**to ba ebaiwed
k wltmlta \a ottim tend* In bnvirir"* •t0r ,If "•*• Adjoining thi* lOOlwr
000**1 ao lane and cumb<-rsomo tbatij^,^' ^-j "«* >»» k, nitoner* elvnaid ***
it I* h*rd to handle.   I< thould   be
t,4lt,,ttt*   .•**%»«»   k«***%.   V*,   tkU*9,    tlMtl*,
ine to pr*v«nt Aiomtie, at th* same
i!tn-» ••rivMi to iner*aw human *fflc-
l»ncy,
Th«* in-rorporatiwt town has tbt\ *«•
thority to look after it* own lanlta-
tion. however wail or badly ft does no,
bat the mining town I* under direct
Kiiun.i nt in** miinriK <tini]ian> iiul V*»
to depend upon that company for itsfbousni,
aanf'/it.'on, F-i, *x?W: trom IM tuft.
tb*t »anltaUoB ninkrt tor rftMenvy,
nnd, ibetfotero, tliat it "pnyt," to wstch
ihi- -i is nine n »or»I obligation which
should b« auraoMd voluntarily and
rbrert nlly. -
A* pvtt td tbo tl«* of tbit p*V**
man "tumble way*," f aa* going to
gagl**t tbo timtftm end mm int*t.
pensive tuttiii pM*lbl* to oMiln result*
IthlaktlM *Urt should   bt mnde
Ine ot tlie* »nd mosquito**, snd although malaria Is not prevalent In
W«*t Virginia, still th« mosquito I*
an annoytng and uwle** insect
Pit* should not be allowed to tmm
at large, and non« ahould be kept n*ar
any dwelling;     certain part* of  U>*
property,   ni   a   «u»ian*t«   trom   ib*
*tTylnt .witb   tb*   circttto-
pMn--'\<!, e,ir» tr Alonci to a!! who
wish to lit'cp thom,
fSnclonam should b« tented tot
rt>kk*ns. bat tb**# ene b* *i: tb* rear
of 'bn hociea,
b* pm tn the bouse, 'but tf thottffht
ntwtaary for ventilation, smalt holes
ran bn cot near tha cave* and covered
with wire -screening.
The door ahould   bo  made   with a
•prtng, and thus  kept   clo*#d   at all
built, with ronwU*-floor*, The *how
ers must, of court*, be supplied with
faot and cold water.
Perfect ventilation mo« b* provld-
*d, end when heated In tbo wlntOf
care must bo taken that tb* air ttt us*
locker room doe* tmt become too
humid.
There are time* when dl«lnf*«tion
of « hous* <b*comes n*ce**ary» *v*n
when ther* nre not to-called contM-
have-"givehs6ciety^uman_deinonstra-
tlons of the -perils of nines. Society
gasped at the. noise of the explosion,
shuddered at the smell of the fresh
blood and flesh. So far only their
emotions have been, aroused. How
many more * demonstrations will
be necessary to move the consciences
of men and to convince theni that civilized society can not permit the operation of unsafe mines? Men and women
with a moral appreciation ot the value
of human life will not dare to permit
men to work mines that the known to
be death-traips. Furthermore, a society with this higher morality 'will
feel the obligation of knowing whether
or not -condition* in mines are safe.
Mine No. 5, operated iby tho New
River Collieries Company, of Bcclea.
W. Va., had been officially reported
as a gaseous mine. Yet the miners
were exposed to4t* peril* dally. Perhaps they did not understand tha
danger, perhaps familiarity madie
them callous, perhaps compelling necessity forced them to accept the has-
ard. They bad no way to -bring the
story of the lives of coal digger*. to
the ears of society^ Society wa* too
busy with other things to find out for
Itself. Only aomo horrifying disaster
attract* ita attention to the mines.
Will not tho'three explosions In that
mine have some effect upon tho hearts
of the user* of coal, tbat preventive
measure* may be made mors effective?
The reports of the Federal Bureau,
of Mine* for 1»13 gave 2,786 as tha
total number of men killed In and
around the mines during 1918, as corn*
pared with 2,360 for 1912. Thl* represents an increase of 425, or 18 -per
cent. The number of mine disasters
was reduced by 38 per cent Tbe
United States has the hlfbeftt doath
rate of men killed in coal mines of
any gr«>nt coal mining country, which
in Itself i* proof that the United
State* I* far behind those countries In
It* care for the live* of thoso who
dig In our coal mines,
The Federal Buerau of Mines has
made progrei*. but It I* just beginning
to disclose the Immense field for ef-
foctlve work awaiting ft* agents.
Safety Inquiries and Investigations
havo not kept pace with th* appalling
need for them. Human live* have
hofn held pitifully cheap by mlna
operator*. \
Th<# constantly dally toll of tho
mine* consumes a few live* eneb day.
silently they disappear and only thot*
In th* horn* group know or car*. Tbo-
terrible indlff«ranc« of Industry merely notes live* In the mine raco-rd*.
But if wu as people have hearts and
minds we win tak* notice of each
miner who lose* hi* life In the underground service to society. We wl,ll
freely Rlvo our national riohe* to prevent the waste* and to eliminate tb*
X***a**rA.   trntt*   ♦>»«♦   an-rvlrt*      We  wtll
remove all ob*tractlon* that prevent
ike jiiiumAu ui ,Miu«» itoiu rwutdfuia
the most effective *#rvl<!«. We wlfl
compel * public sentiment that shall
compel conformance with th* bast
method* for safeguarding lh* live* of
tha nilnors.-~-Bprlngfl.eld (Mo.) La-
wwwm. *
MEXANADIANiBANK
OF COMMERCE
„ im tomot© WAunn-uavja,Li«D,D4iuiwd**
iMMttttltm IAIBP-,6—«ndMsw*g*r JOHN AHU>» A**t G*mMI
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 ^ RESERVE NAD, $13,500,000
SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNTS
Xnttrtst at the current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1 and
vpwards. Careful attention is given to every account Small accounts
•re welcomed.   Accounts may bf opened and operated by malt.
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, with-
deawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor. Sll ~
P. B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
MARK THE  DATE  ON  YOUR CALENDAR
F E R NIE
fe JULY t20th.
time*.  In this wsy the pit Is kept In lou* diseases.   A friend of mine t«M
ShllofoGun
otmnvr nrono eemm. otmtn eeura.
~~~  ttmtwteoternetttmtm.tennmte
(fir*n*«* *mt f* no- lortft*r n hiWdfnir
place for flfae; nor ten file* us* it ••
a lodging pise* and tb* hltrhpn as a
bosrdlag flaee—« condition which too
frwpefKJjr oatst*.
T** pfte aieaM b# irttttd with
erode cartotfc tefd *Ttrr two weak*.
at least, sad a seppty of fn*h Has*
•ImmM b# kept te th* how for tho
eettvttaMHK* bt the nter. One* a year
ttt* bttooo em m rwmotm nm tm ptt
etnotmA: m wftM ft teeoaes too mh
It can be cov«r*d wHh sarth and a now
aearfty-
Isbto tmt lalaaOl* parelyei* I* tfws*-
Makes Hair Grow
mt* of i mfnfng e,imp of whfffb b# *§sd
recently taken ch»rg* in wbleb tmm
was such * pwvalMir* ef tnb*reulo*l*
a* to almost approach an •ptdwie.
TMs called for disinfect** el ail
ko«*«* in which there w*r* mpm
tub*mito*l* patient*, sad In whlsh
they had dtod wcaatly, a* tbecoagb at
after tlw release of a seeriet fever «•>
tteat Tbls ie a point tttd/eemt
ovailooluML
the fact that It \n thought highly |«<*Jrtottl4 m to the hair from the roots.
Tho time to tak* ears of your hair
U when you have hatr to take mm ol
If yoar hair to getting thia, gradually falling out. It cannot ba long be-
far* the *pot appears.
tht greateet rsmedy to atop ' the
»r from falling Is SALVIA, first
severed In ICnglanA SALVIA ter-
ninbnn aoarishaeat to -Vm hair rooU
aad sets so quickly that people  are
IV «te*U<»ys the daaitttU geisa,  ihe
lltfje pest ttet sas*  the  Ws that
Sold at SaesdeU's Drag Store.
mcl mmp aSAoi^loSSYif TRi^faiftiiiio
.BUFFALO BILL. hit tftjhiw Ranch Girl*, towboyi wmr (0 ttt
■fl the botis snd 6,rl$ %tlt%'tiOJOwknt uev to ste Hit beat
WIW 5ta*U.m open den» Jtj iplenoid «tw tlbtouit ••600
Bsooieof all Nifion»--il50horsej--Oband*-- COME
OWN TOWN ! v CIRCUS PARAOfc-lfc MILtllONO!
*9ocfa»am .will kin the Incentive to'out sad calmly extracts about  four-
work!" cry the p*ld spellbinders of
tb-tespftallate. Right, fleeteUeai wUi
Mil the taeeatfv* for n wsa to wetk
t*« er BMre honr* a day proda<tiag
we*Ith. of whlrh th* esplfsllst tmthei
nflli* V.,s, tb* FocUUrt will also
create ea Incentive for tie waster
eke* te ***** 4«va aad petfets* their
mmmoettbeerteWtttetb et tem tite
«lt*rnatlT>e of as empty bbttf,
jZflbLs&tAj&Rmimsmm-
eJE--
m ..«•
 THE DISTBICT LKDOEB,' WgtSIE,    B. C„ JBIY 25, MU
/i
The New Havetf Mystery
R. A. Dague, in Miners' Magazine
L
'/ou're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Ek
1
The New York World of May 22,
1914, editorially discussed "The New
Haven Mystery."   The editor said:
'KJharlQs S. .Mellen, former ipresldent
of the New Haven, has 'been telling
on the witness stand the most sordid
story of corporation corruption that
the country has heard since the life-
insurance investigation.
"In -many respects the two stories
run parallel. -We have the same 'betrayal of trust, by highly respectable
financiers; the same conscienceless
waste of other people's .money; the
same corruption of government; the
same alliances with crooked politics;
the same debaching of newspapers and
of-public opinion; the same trail of
iniquity and ruin. \
"What was.in the minds of Mr. Morgan and iMr. Rockerfeller and their
associates when they forced tho Now
Haven into this policy and guided it
to plunder and disaster? They did not
need money, for they each of them
were many millionaires In one. They
did not need power, for they had power, and Inexhaustible means of acquiring further ifewer.
"They could not have believed that
their scandalous exploitation of this
great .property would bring them additional wealth tbat was worth while.
They'could not have believed that it
would bring thein new power and influence in the domain of finance. They
could not have 'believed that tfiey
would gain a new measure of popular
esteem and public approbation. They
were In no" extremity that-drove them
to this devious trail.
private to public ownership of thelf
railways and have proven. >-that the
change was a good one.
•Why do the American people submit
to the colossal exploiting perpetrated
upon them- by the few Wall street
gamblers who practically own American railways? The chief reason is
that they are still laboring under the
delusion that God's 'plan is to give to
"Christian Captains of Industry" the
{uiblic utilities and has put the big,
troiig chieftians on the backs of the
masses to boss them and make them
work for their masters. These big
chiefs preach to their victims the gospel of the jungle, which is: "Every
beast fiir himself and let the unfit die
or be food for the -big brutes." That
gospel of great joy is that only through
individualism, or tbe powerful devouring the weajj, can civilization be maintained. They say people must compete, contend, fight, destroy, kill—
otherwise man will lose bis Incentive
on/-!   t.*l   I..   "
I through the form of trying to make
[black white by lying against other
wage slaves.   ,
But perhaps I am misinterpreting i
Judge 'Meredith; possibly he by thej
term "producer" means the men responsible for the misery, poverty,
crime and prostitution arising from
the insufficient' wages paid to the real
producer. If such is his meaning he is
perfectly right. The producers of all
the above named landmarks of our so-
called civilization, always got, are always getting—and just as long as
the wage slaves are < foolish enough,
will always get their Innings. But as
to the real producers, just let's look
at them. The miner who at risk of life
and limb has dug coal out of the earth
for 52 weeks straight, has very often
at the end of a two or three -weeks'
idleness, to sit at a fireless gr.'ite until charity may .prompt foih
grant -him as much coal a
him.
The
PAGE SEVEN
and all humanity will perish; and we
are told that the Christian -philantro-
pists who are smugly located on the
backs of the masses are the "fittest."
Yes; the law of the jungle is still
the popular gospel proclaimed from
press, pulpit and office of Wall street
philanthropists. The most successful
Imitator of the shark and the boa constrictor is still regarded as the big
chief of the tribe.   He ls the "fittest."
In the language of the World, "he
Is almost deified and his opinion is regarded as well-nigh infallible." He
tells his victims that God has given
COLEMAN
Liquor Ca
Wholesale Dealer
Wines
Liquors
s in
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Full   supply. of following
for an appetising  meal te
choo** from.
/■
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8au*>
ages for tomorrow'* break-
fast.
O'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phen* 66 Weed itrset
PBftNII, S. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
. A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in ail kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
What th"ev"did hlm the 'min€S» the oils, the lands, the
they did In cold bSi'd and cold calcu- ^Kt^iw^ ftlffS
latlon. What, then, is the -mystery of. «* j,*?m8~V,^.J,n--5e^?8.?f^e
their conduct? ■"
to
Send us your orders
conduct
"The World can find no answer
this question.
"These men admittedly represented!
the .best that there is in Wall street\l
Their opinions were law in the fnan-
clal world. Their judgments were regarded as well nigh infallible. Wall
street was proud of them; boasted of
them; almost deified tbem.' Yet look
at their work!
"Were they, too .victims of a system
which can be carried on only by such
methods and such measures? Is
American finance on such a .basis that
respectable burglary Is the best that
can -be expected of it? '
"The World does not undertake to
answer these questions, but Jt is time
that an answer was sought."
Every well-informed Socialist knows
the correct answer to the World's
question. I suspect tbat the editor
could give his readers the true remedy
that would cure the trouble mentioned, and prevent the malady of wrecking railroads by stock gamblers from
spreading ruin to many thousands of
Ujeople, 'but probably "there is a rea-
'8011" for his withholding the remedy.
The correct prescription can be written down in six words, viz.:
^ST-fTifiB
little "misfit runts'' and that all this
is necessary,/ so that he and his kind
may lose their Incentives.    He says
If he were to lose his incentive to get
something' for    nothing,    civilization
would go tp the dogs.   He tells them
Ho join his church and be content to
be kept as poor as   a   church-mouse,
and if they will be good (hey would be
saved and given a harp and a -halo
after they are dead.   He warns them
to have nothing to do with Socialists
or others who advocate public ownership of public utilities, as such people
are atheists and. enemies of God and
the church;   The   misfifs   and   little
fishes are expected to respond, "Long
live the chief of our tribe, appointed
by God to rule us and exploit us.   He
knowi."
The present system of individualism,
of competition, of strife and contention, legitimately bears a fruitage of
greed and corruption and dishonesty,
and is essentially bj-utal and destructive, in which the law of the jungle
prevails.
one to
-sill warm
cabinet 'maker :u;ty ln'.ior for
years turning out the best of furniture,
for wages far too small to allow bijxi
ever to become the possessor of any
of the articles into which he puts his
best effort,
The toiler in the automobile factory
is forced to walk to and from work.
But why go on enumerating more useful producers who have never had and
never will have—as long as Meredith
and Co. are in power—an innings.
What innings are the men having
that actually produced the C. P. R.?—
the rail makers, the grade-makers, the
bridge builders, the telegraph gangs,
and the men who helped in putting tbe
line in shape?
Just two pages later In his drivelling
the judge makes the statement already analyzed to the effect that the
men who built the company's bridges
during their recent period of construction, are now idle and could with very
little training be made fit to take the
•place of these maintenance of way employes. Yes, the ranks of enforced
idlers contain, according to .Meredith,
many useful producers of useful
bridges. But oh, dear us! he also says
"tne producer Is having his innings."
, Yes, comrades, what a glorious Innings it is. to. Just think of it!
Charity soup and charity bunks for
the men who have labored producing
railway bridges!
Gopher steak and rabbit ribs for the
men who have produced wheat for the
world's supply of flour.
Frost bite, and suffering from Intense cold for the poor trappers wbo
bave got the skins of the fur-bearing
animals. /
Rags, nakedness and hovels for
those who -piece these furs into garments for the idle rich.
'Bare feet and perforated shoe soles
for the dependents on the makers of
shoes.
"Fruit-a-tives" Healed His
Kidneys aod Cured Him
HAGKRSVH.I.S, Ont., Aug. 26th. 19x3.
"About two years ago, I found my
health in a very bad state. My Kidneys were not doing, their work and I
was all run down ia condition, I felt
the need of some good remedy, and
havingseen"Fruitra-tives"advertised,
I decided to try them. Their effect,
I found more than satisfactory.
Their action was mild and the result
all that could be expected.
My Kidneys resumed their normal
action after I had taken upwards of a
dozen boxes, and I regained my old-
time vitality. Today, I am enjoying
tbe best health I have ever hadr'.
t B. A. KELLY
" Fruit-a-tives" is the greatest
Kidney Remedy in the world. It acta
on the bowels and skin as well as on
the kidneys, and thereby soothes and
cures any Kidney soreness.
"Fruit-s-tives" is sold by all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $3.50, trial size 25c.
or will be sent on receipt of price by
Fruit a tives Limited, Ottawa.
THE
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goode, Groceries, Boots -ind
Shoe*, Gents' Furnishings
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
THE THING THAT FRAZZLES
If the worker had nothing to do but
make a living for himself and family       ^„ w ,1A ltmm
he would have a cinch.   It's making | jnere than afair, profit on the actual
RAILWAYS.**
It looks like the editor of the
World, .while correctly diagnosing tbe
case, bas diplomatically sidestepped
he remedy, knowing as he does that
Morgan, Rockefeller ft Co., are not
dead; but are doing business at the old
stand, and that "discretion is the better part of valor" on the part of a publisher who is on ihe lookout for "ads"
for his newspaper. Once upon a time
Colonel Bryan, the "Peerless One," on
his return from Europe, said: "The
government should own the railroads,"
but the Ink was hardly dry on the
newspaper In which that speech was
printed, before the Wall street philan-
throplsts got busy and caused the
mouth of the "Peerless Statesman" to
shut up tightly, and not a whisper has
since been heayd from him on that
subject. The World doubtless remembers that episode, and thinks it
the better plan to ask questions than
to answer them. I am, however, glad
that the editor says, "It Is time thar an
answer Is sought."
With all due respect to the American people, I ask, how long will they
permit a few mon to mn, for private
profit, one of their most Important
public utilities, which, according fo
reliable authority, cost them nol " a
dollar, aa they were given rich lands,
the total area of which exceeded the
area of tho Middle States. In their
greed for more, they Issued nine 'billions of watered or fraudulent stocks.
To earn dividends on this colossal
over-capltallsatlon* they chnrged for
their services from th^ee to six times
Co-operation, brotherhood, Social-
Ism, function in a higher realm than
the jungle. They are constructive and
make for peace, prosperity, justice and
i!!Ll^_^_s^_Tq^o^£ratlQn_Is_hum^^
*lTV~^Yitlr^Jt-WJt—. -V. J\ T—-** -**■*.«—--i— -■**■=■**    £--«——v».-wi.—T.-111-u-I?
Ity'lndebted for all the civilisation
that exists. Individualism produced a
Nero, a Herod, a -Constantino, a Judas
—and, in recent times, several Wall
street sharks and railway wreckers.
Competition, strife, greed; war, have
produced no great poets, nor philosophers, nor illuminated souls
saviors.
nor
Is it not time we began straining at
the chains which bind us to such an
accursed system?
Is It not timo we began using our
godglven Imaginations in devising
some way out of this horrible bondage?
Is it not worth while to dally give
at least five minutes of our time to the
~l„A..    .*   -    - ■
shake theBe   blood-sucking
from off our backs?
■™-lII-IH5Jp"OB TO
vampires
Is Socialism of any use to assist us?
Don't dare to say it's a failure. Because no genuine, united attem-pt has
ever been made to -make it a success.
If it's worth the while of capitalism
to unite in oppressing us, is it not in
turn worth our while to unite in destroying a system meant to destroy
us body and soul?
Don't my fellow wage slaves, voluntarily shut yourself up ln the dungeon
of despair and fold your hands and
say, "Oh, Socialism may be all very
we.'l in theory, bu'. to ao of any actual
use In assisting ne. I can't see it,
and feel myself doom-ad to grind mechanically on and* on without hope of
deliverance, so what's the use of my
reading or studying or agitating? I'll
move quietly and patiently alons' until
the end and make no fuss or fret."
It Is from such a condition of dead-
while-alive despondency that Socialism calls you to awake and stand upon
your feet and brace yourself and take
your stand in the ranks of thoso whose
faces are turned towards the dawn of
better days for Canada. When the
workers shall unitedly have cut loose
from this millstone of capitalism
which hangs about their necks, bunding their giant powers to the earth by
keeping them constantly on the verge
of starvation.
Judge Meredith has enumerated
many other points against the workers; In his drivellingjnj£uanjr_hg!l£w
and-imsoTnfdpatRTrdlfen
Ined by those
Weekly.
who
wheh.exam
know.—Cotton's
By George W.
ft fortune for the boss and his family
that keeps him frawled.
     r-"tTr-wr-<w-«M-»*l*tI*yMTmfcUY
AUSTRALIAN   HOTEL
Morrissey Junction
An ideal week end retort, with best Ash-
ing and hunting in the district. First
ciiii accomodation. Tht only hotel
in the district. 7
J. STEVENS
w
Proprietor
List of Locals District 18
Ne.
W
411
411
ll«J
N»
ISff
tm
ii
ssii
ItH
tm
nm
tri
nm
fast
mwtta
mt
m
tem
tmt
Name tee. md P. 0. Addrees
*»..,,.  A**M> ****** j* ••••**««* vt'ilf* iMIMntiil* IMNNV Awp*
WsivWh** '......... Ji*. WJmmiJJ-w,, ismliAnoii, Alia,
Rear* Creek 1. Losghnia. Heaver Creek, via Pincher, Alta,
Beilews...... ...».Jaasee tbuke, m* U, Rellevoe, Alia.
-Bloinnora, •«........... w. C Obrlstopbsfi, Bwiibots, Alta.        .„-
Burais.. T, 0. Harries, Passburg, Alta,
t.t o. wm*., tmNtammtwi^mf m^m^^meeeem^mmti we^^me^^^^^mt  -mol-emo*
OewDore..............Michael Warren, Gsataora. AM*.
Ookvan.4 >............<«i. Johnston, CoIsomo. Alta*
OorWn...'.......;..... Qwo. Sins, Cottdn. & C
Oblnetk Mints......... Jaa. IforiM, CM*** vis DiooMal OKy, Alfa.
FVnle.,......./. .TOo* OtMII, rente, B. C.
flrsak.................. Bran 4-lwpfc f-taal. Aka.
■taeemor. W. mmmtobt, ttoomi, B. c.
JiilwrsM.•••••».»•«•••»was. Ooresn, ffBNfMt-, AHa,
tAdbbridtt.   t, 3fo«re. USl 3UU» Aveaite. N.Untkbtidm
-umtt-tm Colli«■!•*....Prank BarriagflMM,Ooalfcpr* Alia.
Mftpl#  MK« aaa aeo a aaaa «T* Cl*   HAJTHtA,   fWlAWfflgf Altft.
*J»iwWWe en
Tatar
cost of the roads. They bribed legislative bodies and courts; subsidised
the press, mutsled the pulpits, and
corrupted the morals of a gfoat na-;
tion,
It thero any aood ri»a*on for «,.
posing the -proposition that the gov*
era ment should own and operate'the
railways? N'o; not at all. Uncle
tam builds great water canals, Irritates deserts, constructs big wsrshlps,
manages an army snd navy, carries on
a postal system snd many other large
enterprises, and he could easily operate tbe railways and In doing It
would save every year Wlllons of dollars to tbs people. Nearly all the
leading Kuropean stales changed from
The editor or Uie World says he
knows of no way to prevent a few
Kreedy Wall street sharks from robbing their fellows by the wreckage ot
railroads and other methods which he
calls "respectable burglary?'
Socialists are not so pessimistic as
the editor of the World. To say that
a hundred million of Intelligent people
will forever remain so stupid that they
will meekly submit to Uve under the
law of tho Jungle ahd permit a few
Well street sharks and boaconstrlctora
to swallow them or crush them In
their slimy colls ls unworthy of the
World editor, or any man who possesses average intelligence. I admit that
there are multitudes of stand-patters,
in the old political parties, In editorial
chairs. In the pulpits, everywhere, who
still think that the human family muat
forever live under the' law of the
junirle. and let the big beasts devour
the little ones, but, thanks to tbe law
of evolution and to the Socialists, a
new light Is entering into the heads
of millions of stupid peoplo, and they
aro coming to see that   the   private _.     „„•,.„,„
ownership of public utilities Is de-j disputed. That It has a depressing
cldedly unwise and against their be»t I -effeot on wngps by glutting the labor
Interests, and that tliey have been | market, Is manifest to every student
fooled and robbed nbout long enough | and observer of current economic con
by   the   speculating,   stock-watering jdltlons.
The. Unemployment Problem
The Attempt to Solve -Social and Eco-
 9..,f.9 tu ouivo social ana Eco-     We protest against this brutal ex-
nomlc Questions of This Magnitude hlbltlon of vlndlctlveness and lack of
With the Police Club and Jail Man-j human sympathy for the suffering of
ifests a Brutality which Is Appalling the unemployed,   whn   «— —■*■■   *-
.    .   who   are ready   to
work at their usual occupations, but
..„..» »v won usual occupations, nut
' George W. Perkins, President of cannot obtain it, due to industrial con-
Cigar Makers' Union of America      diUons bevnnrf th«ir »»»•»'
One of the most serious problems
which affects the American commonwealth, Is to provide suitable employment for men and women able
and willing to work. This ls a social
problem of great significance, which
Is .bound to become more Intensive
and pressing with the continuous
changes In the method of production
and Improved machinery. Production
Is multiplying faster than consumption; the ability of tbe wage worker,
due to low wages and long hours, to
purrhaw the ever Increasing product,
Is limited nnd Inadequate. Hence we
are almost constantly confronted with
over-product ion on tho one side
under-production on itu> other.
That the Rurplim labor of tho old
country, which Is swarming to this
country, at the rate of over a million
per annum, -cannot   be   Miiccessfully
and
Wall street" boa-constrictors.*
The loss of wcitlili cjiushiI    by
.9r.r.A    »J1-       ■- -
JTbo Socialists say, "Lst the Ameri-1 forced Idleness. If computed properly,
can peoplo move out of the jungle of amounts to hundreds of
selfishness, aud brute force, nnd cun-idAiium «nm.»n-     «--
Ml-.-        --  9       -
inlng, and competition, and establish
o?-'their habitation* uu the high ground
1 of co-operation, or Socialism. !,er the
law of evolution be Interpreted to
mean tbat the "fittest" cltlien Is that
one who la the kindest and has high
Ideals and a keen sense of Justice, Let
the motto of Individualism, via,, "Bv-
ery fellow for himself and mar tfttan
take the hlndermost," be discarded,
and the slogan of Socialism be adopt-
ed, to-wlt: '"An Injury to one Is the
concern of all. Let everyone be
warded according to bis deeds."
re-
THEPRODUCER
  , millions   of
dollars annually. Thero are other
kw**>* of moro ecr'.uua laipuu. I.u«a
Involuntary Idleness undermines the
physical and mors I fiber of the
worker; It has a tendency to <weaken
hope, energy, manhood and all nobler
attributes inherent In the human
family. It causes poverty and pauperism, destructive to character and man*
hood; it has a tendency to lower the
physical and moral standard of fhe
nstlon. It breeds crime, Imbecility j
and Insanity. In abort it is destine-j
tlve to a healthy progress of thi* nation and the human family. ,
The protests of the unoniploywl,)
both In the -past and west, and the
methods employed In calling public
attention to this grave problem, sre
■ not ia accord with trades union
methods and principles, tbey hm.*
made mistakes, which is net
(J"*""  «'»»«e». wnien i. „at a ertme
Br Combo
fn reviewing the "High eost of Llv.
lug" aspect of the C.I'.R. Trackrow's
claim for batter wages, Jwkt ■Met'sH
dneer Is having bla l^in^* ^ |,<M*I^ ^^^T^.TA^fT'^ ",or*b,t tor *m "»w,n» ««
trom this preot end tlortom «««.«*."" f»Ht. »hkh   «b«r   the  «hol«   ih.l     u-..-.- .     ».
nt ihi* MMki. -j-^.i/'JHffi■*•!¥"*•/1 <99^a „«j .. ,_ ^1?-  *"•  ■"Oss   iney t   we are in sympathy with
diUons beyond their control.
PROLETARIAN SPARKS
ty A. Sustmari.
We -Socialists never know when we
are defeated*, that's why wo are always
victorious.
It Is a remarkable irony of history
that she always chooses the "lowly"
ot society to realize the highest ideas
In life.
To make all hands do useful work,
nlfbrslns to think healthy and beautiful thoughts, all hearts tofeel deeply, love sweetly, Is the aim of Social*
Ism.
iltettpr to bi« a private In the armyj
of peace thun to be a general in   the
army of war.
A HnriaiiK! without n party ix   not i
only a halt .Socialist, but a half man, j
Kvery flistltullon that refuses to fol-1
low In tho march of tlmo, declares It-1
self In love with death. j
In tho Socialist movoment the wo !
mail'* <|iiesiiun is sol fed, both sexe* j
have the same right* and the   same
duties. !
!    Itights we all have, but he who has *
-he power en joy n r hem.
(.'ompromlMW Is the yellow passport \
we give to uur principle*.
On iim iitviii uf struggle betwe«n la- {
bor and capital there Is no place for *
onlookers. Here even neutrality'
means to be on the *ld« of capitalism.'
•Force Is no power Power Is no J
forrt. Whero the workers have power
they need no force. Where they have i
not power, force will not help, j
dlnttal force is the most fearful
enemy to the Ho-rlsllst revolutionary
army. That'* why the socialist democracy Is the sworn enemy atalnst
every form'of brutal torce.
If the home snd religion ran only
bloom In a society b»*ed upon mrt'tp'
exploitation and prostitution, then to
belt with all.
Hunger and scabs have not broken
ai many strike.. *« the police, milftls
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at S o'clock In K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Pu-ckey.
Secretary, J, B. ilclklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Alello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Pernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p,m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C. A. Bunch.
K. of S.. D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets every other Monday
at 8 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, V, H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
139 McPherson Avenue.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady; Terrace Lodge, No.
221, meets In the K. P. Hall
second aiid fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p; m.
MRS. J. BROOKS, W. ftl.
\Y. ORR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K, P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7:30, Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHiTON, W. M.
Crow's Nest Business
College
And Academy of Lunging et
J, W. Bennett, Principal
Classes arranged for any time
during day^or evening
Writ* For Proiptclut    <*
Johnson-Falconer Block
FERNIE       x        B.C.
m
:!::!U:i;:£
Alibasdaeisi
Uy appKtd.   AO
you meed to help
mis cold water
aad a flat brush,
Ahbastiae  walls
•>•«*?&• home
lighter. Mors
cheerful aad
beautiful ItwlU
not soften on the
wsO lib kali*
mine. Because
■ge, become]
for many
gears.
I
AaAkbesdnewattcaK ^
be fe-cealed without rsmee*
Ing the eld eeat.    Altbaatine
-wall* art the Moettank-iry, They,
rehygsnle. Noiaetcterdlesasel
term caa Ite in an Alsbesiine wag.
Alabastiae one tonm, end toot
weal tUa all AkbaMiiMd.
Church's Cold Water
'JUnftnftflim
Drsola sal hi ee skew res bee*
ifufsa—Ise ol Aht»«h» —<**
j      FREE STENCILS
bSCSiSmmLjmam^
et e
everybody!   Thera la more sensible around
liut trua    iii     ik      '""uf* >■■» * »i. i uiimu   courts
waning wagviMV-S, Wgjf, WhSfft to he > urmfl */t anmtt f-t-M     ■».  t    . 7  «t ** ■ . ..
The w.h»I#> ffrmtrmrv ti
onr movement than In the doubt of
t •    *   *
•1,949*9.. —9* •*•>• •** a-m.-tratti
make Wta-'    Wetter 'tie »*hn«-iv »'■* **'   m*.   i-' A ,
outcast*" of eoelirtywho fithtt for n
wore beiutifui and juitt society, than :
tlw* "h*mi»r" af t*t«g * e*Hp**i*M* dittos pro! !**■» who defends a society of corrupt-
Umtr   -imm-m t tt9m,    -**»-•    9.^r.r..,..*.,- -.
J. D. QUAIL
o-iuware. ratnts tnd  House
Ckuitiiti taeiuuis
PERNIE
mm*** '*"ui"T&«re|^"*i^^ ^.^.l^Ptoyed.   They mny\Um aad prestation
B.C.
. »t t reenter
eweee#»*•«#««
n* SHMWV MKSN|I» W# Ve
f erne niTnW« I ■WUIfte All** -»
* m*a   WoKMnfmw^^tte   9emt^mp tm^wml
.Met ffrrfter. acorgetowa. Oaasswe, Attn.
mum WMn....,...,.Honr tmKmoo, tterboo. fit ttodkymomv
' slit Mouse. Alberts.
-he
t\rtatti-9„
em of them obnoxious to 'men elaM
cern. Bat can you sjp^ to' ^
wheal, from a field yoa sow tblstlee In T
The workers ef the wortd tenSm1
yesr hototmn sowing, bat th.lr \mbi
\m lead ot nrowlne In * « hedWofZf
© a badge wbleb prohibits tbem fiwn'
tsrysa."''" -»"•*»!
'nf Whit ihpv tittt'fl  in*
n tendency to "sr»u*e ti,'* ttm* '■   t*« It dt*m
o na tt tit,.
catamhh cannot tt curio
*. '.'■''A!, s.Aii***...vi **j.-*t», •** xnmy
. I'*,..**,*).!..*.******.'*. *** *,«** mxim u# mm im?wna**t i teat he wtwehafces the bsble's bank f cannot reaeb tb* seat of th* disease.
|a little boybsrefoot on the streets ea economic issue wblch cannot be side- for rarfare Is n man who hae insd* <>'*rrb «• a blood  or  conetltnthraal
a cold January day. tbe following con- tricked.  Tba w>Hee dab and the Jail m«t*< one s banker. ^i—— «j «- ---—  -
iversation mav eeemn '- * •- *-£-
 -.ii.w.«'»"«i'.    inv irouce fidd and tne Jail
venation may occnr: sre not In harmony with the eihlcs trf
Wo»L my little man, and why Is It wh,«* the spologlsts snd sychonbants
I see yea barefoot this cold dayf*
"Ob, dad's out of work and baa
money to buy me sboen with."
"And what does your dad do!"
''Ob, be'i a shoemaker."
Aud -*U> >» be -out of workt"
] are so boastful , „...
no!L**!,-,F..ll,i. W«*ra«ss and
i;;;.»L*^"""j!!!r. ^•y W,H «in»t»ir in-
 „ III feeling
orevsillng In the breas'e of the poor
Tie ttft*mi>lo)ed are noi re»4»onsibl«
for tbo Indoetrial depreaston: they had
no part  fn  d»\,*i    "
banker.
If the turn ot adversity are aw-mi
the working class must be pretty vagary by oow.-47otton*« Weekly.
Jieoeuse there am km m».' -«----!|>>* mmitl offerers
HvneiiM were are too many oboes and aro entitled
I bnt* imwn"t«"*b*lfeire   thai tli#»
hi* uut-j> uiua *»>rih aimins at te stnolK'lty
diwaee, and In order to rui* Jt you
mutt take Internal remedlee llsll's
fatarrh fare I« taken Internally, and
,u-t* direftly upon the blood aad moron* surface.   Hall's Cetarrh Core in
v*.y : ',-iJiX j..*Xtii,*', I. -»»« nre-
writw-4 by one of tbe best pbyaktana
|„ ,*u i.f,*,ti''\* fnr ;«,jr. a:.d la -
ertolhr
cioylun U.    Tin     —-.    -■ „-...,.*»«.«„«#■<••> •impurity  rr*gn',ttr s.r*-i» r.jitofi    ll it ittrnpoaed
nud tkt   xkllmt,t*t kentt nm lite, thai one's retnitoa* of the be*t tonles   known.   roasMaetf
 _   to   sjtni'tihy. eon- witb other* should be dliwt end   not ■with th# ***** tdmd |*srif5*f», acilag
■iderstlon snd pracikal *»>.lm*,iM*.     , dij»»onwnic; ibot poser leaves a bk*dtr**tly t*n tbe moeout surfscea.   Tbe
~^~  '" '""         the two fngrt-
•aH! wealer-
catarrh      Hand
Prop* Tntt*
potion.
price tbt.
i*)Us for eonstf- .  ,1 ' ' ._■', ,T,\-- -'* -"•-•• ,• ,l*v*s-- -\-vr," "■■ ',.-' V ' - A •)' s ■ xy,' -i *•-', a'v . ts '•//X-'-yyfcyf y* . T>. y-.y*  . y,-?; y- ■•. .. 'Xy-••'ifyy-iyyA*^'** ■•v~"T''' -' -
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PERNIE,  B. C, JULY 25,1914,
( We
SATURDAY SPECIALS
SEE BARGAIN TABLE FOR THESE VALUES
A WONDERFUL VALUE IN MOIRE UNDERSKIRTS
Extra Special, 85c Eeach
A Moire Ijnderskirt that is worth more money
—a skirt that represents an unusually attractive
value at such a price. "We urge early selections, as
at this prho they are sure to be picked out quickly—
colors and black.  Extra special, each 85c
EVERY WASH DRESS IN THE STORE UNDER-
PRICED FOR THE JULY CLEARANCE
SALE—YOU SAVE FROM 25 TO
35 PER CENT
Every wash dress (nil the white and colored
dresses) in the depart ment bears a ticket with a
special price on it. Hen tit if ul white lingerie dresses,
white repps, ratine-crepes, colored ducks, muslins,
etc. Heautiful street dresses made in newest
model—embroidery and lace trimmed gowns, suitable, for every wear; colored wash dresses, just thc
styles for street nud afternoon wear. The regular
price is fogotten on these dresses, and choosing from
any dress in stock you will bc quoted a reduced
price, saving you in many instances 35 per cent.
See them in the front window, each with a special
price tieket,
ANY WOMAN'S SUIT IN THE HOUSE FOR $15.
The former prices range from $25.00 to $45.00
An extraordinary suit bargain—choose from any
suit left in stock—browns, blues, greys and blacks.
Every suit tailored along the newest lines and embodying styles as shown in all the large eastern
cities. Plaiii'tailored suits up to $25.00; fancy tailored suits from $25.00 to $45.00, all one price, $15.00
SEPARATE    SKIRTS     (INCLUDING    WASH
SKIRTS) A SPECIAL DISCOUNT OF
TWENTY PER CENT
A range comprising serges, panamas, tweeds ahd
wash skirts in duck, pique, repp! etc., made up in
all the best styles and made on good quality material. Choose from any skirt in stock at a discount
of 20 per cent.
TRIMMED HATS FOR JULY CLEARANCE SALE
AT LESS THAN COST OF THE TRIMMINGS
TWO LOTS, $1.95 AND $2.95
Lot No. 1—Consists of ready-towear hats, made
in the season's newest styles and colorings.   Values
formerly as high as $6.50 each, for $1.95
^ .Lot No. 2—About"20 hats, in good styles and representing values formerly sold as high as $12.50.
To clear at, each $2.95
Shirt
MEN'S KHAKI AND BLACK SATEEN SHIRTS
AT CLEARING PRICES FOR SATURDAY SELLING
Men's heavy weight Khaki Twill Shirts, collars
attached. The shirt the lumbermen swear by.' Has
buttoned cuff and one pocket, all sizes in stock.
OUR SATURDAY CLEARING
PRICE, EACH        -        -
95C
lien's black Sateen Shirts, made from good quality sateen, one pocket and collar attached. All
sizes in stork.   These, will be a
SPECIAL FEATURE SATURDAY
EACH       ....
75C
Footwear Specials
White Canvas Shoes and Oxfords for Men
Our entire stock of men's canvas shoes at cost
prices. High laced boots, good, round toe tincHow
heel, a comfortable shoe for the hot weather. Regular values to $2.50, Saturday special, per pair, $1.45
Suit Special
High Grade Men's Suits for
Saturday Selling at /
$15
Men's Blue Serge Suits, made in the regular three
button, single-breasted styles; all sizes, from 34 to     '
44, ON SALE SATURDAY AT $15.00,  This lot of
serge suits represents a special buy, and the values
■-w-isjA-3*
Men's low cut oxfords, same style as shoes, at,
per pair    $1.45
Men's high laced boots, good quality canvas,
made on easy fitting lasts in all sizes. Regular values to $3.25, special Saturday, per pair $1.90
Men's low cut oxfords, same style as boots.
Special, per pair  .$1.90
Ammonia, 2 pints for.... *,■. :.'-..,;....-. *\
Mrs. ijStewart's-Liquid Blue, 2 for .,.:....A,,.
Gold Standard Baking* Powder, 12 ojs -..
Gilt Edge Shoe Black, per bottle .. f........: 7
Reindeer Condensed Coffee, per tin.,........
Braid's Be^t Coffee, fresh ground, 2,lbs..''.'. .-.'.'
Lowney's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin ■"..'. '.....;. '.\.. -■
Salt Herring, 3'lbs. .■ ......./,.'
-Robin Hood Flour, 49 lb. sack .,;.:...', -
AYagstafl:'s Grape Juice, quts—-  v. .7.
Lard", 5 Ity, pails ,.: '..
Heinz Dill Pickles, per doz..".-.."	
:.Heinz Baked Beans; medium size, 2 for ,
Heinz'Catsup, pints .->...'......,  **/	
Heinz Tomato Soup, per tin ..'	
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 8bars ' .'....
English Unscented Glycerine Soaps, 3 bars...'.
AVhite Swan Laundry Soap, per doz,	
Swifts, White Laundry Soap, 6 bars	
Enos Fruit Salts, per bottle ' j.
Rogers' Pure. Cane Syrup, 2 lb. tins.	
Gold,Standard English Malt Vinegar, pt	
New Okanagan Cabbage, per lb .........	
l .25
.25-
.15
.20 ;
,25
.85
.40i
.25
1.55
.50 t
.75.
.20
.35
.25
.10
.25
.25
.45
.25
.75
.15
.25
.03
■r
SPECIALS AT THE MEAT COUNTER FOR
THE WEEK END
Cooked spring chickens, each $1.40
Cooked spring duck, each  1.60
Chicken pies, each     .50
Sliced cooked, sirloin beef 45
Pork, with dressing , -.. .35
Sheep tongues in jelly. 40
Pork and beef pies, 4 for 25..
are exceptionally good at $18.50 and $20.00, our
SATURDAY PRICE WILL BE $15.00. Only 50 of
these suits are offered, so early seleotion is necessary to be sure of sizes.
SATURDAY AND MONDAY SPECIALS
Wash Boilers
Retinued tin, with copper bottom, $2.50, for $2,15
Extra heavy tin, with copper bottom, patent handle, $4.00 value for .' .-.-.' $3,30
All copper boiler, $4,50 for  .$3.75
Grey enamel preserving kettles, 70c for .......55c
Grey enamel preserving kettles, 85c for 65c
Grey enamel preserving kettles, $L0Q, for 80c
Grey enamel preserving kettles, $1.50, for $1.25
Grey enamel preserving kettles, $1.75, for $1.40
Blue enamel preserving kettles, 45c, for r.40c
Blue enamel preserving kettles 50c, for 45c
Blue enamel preserving kettles 60e, for 50o
Blue enamel preserving kettles, 75c, for 65c
Blue enamel preserving kettles, 85c. for 70c
Blue enamel preserving kettles, $1.00, for... 80c
Retinned kneading pans, $1.40, for $1.15
Retinend kneading pans, $1.75, for. $1.40
Grey enamel kneading pans, $1.75, for  .$1.40
Grey enamel kneading pans, $2.25, for $1.80
-7WQQD COMPANY
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHELrNATAL AND COAL CREEK
iT.be schools will reopen on August
24th.
O. Bain, timber Inspector on C. P. R„
was In town on Tuesday laat. ,
James Broley, wbo has been at
Vancouver, bas returned to the city.
Justice of tbe Peace Moffatt of
Wardner, sent Wm. Bett, a delegate
of the sons of rest, up tor two months.
Tbe brokerage -business iormerly
conducted by tbe Ute G. E. Lyons has
been taken over by 1. F. Pickett.
Mr. and Mrs. John McCosh of Barrio,
Ont., who have been visiting their
daughters, Mrs. (Dr.) Anderson and
■Mrs. Walter Harwood, left tbls morning by C. P. R. for tbe coast.
Elliott Kirkpatrick of tbe Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company's accounting
department, l-jft on Saturday for a
two weeks' vacation at the coast.
John MoDougal, manager of tbe
Great Northern Northwest Telegraph
office here, ba*4>een transferred to tbs
miy office In Spokane, J. Lachour
bas been appointed manager bere.
A colored man from Hosmer is
being held on a serious charge by tbe
Provincial police, in the city Jail. He
will receive n preliminary hearing today or tomorrow.
Messrs. W. A. Henderson A Co., of
Winnipeg and lMhbrtdge, chartered
accountants, are at present engaged
at th* city ball, checking municipal account!.
At a meeting of tbt I.t«-nw Co»»i»-
sioners held on Monday last the
licenaa «f tbt Nspsnee hotel. Pernie,
wss transferred (rom Whtltn Bros,
to A. V. Winters.
Tbe grnnd prise drawing In aid of
Albert Rergron, who web ln a hilarious frame of mind, donated* $0.
John Hart, express auditor of the
Great Northern Railway, ls In the city.
The Rev. D. E. D. Robertson has
been appointed rector of Christ's
church. .Mr. Robertson bas been in
charge of Summerland, B. C.
A. -B, Trites and wife, accompanied
by Leslie Walker and Miss Kirkpatrick, motored to Gateway and return
on Sunday.
.Messrs. Chas. Buhrer aad Sid Horton were also down at Fernie's popular week-end resort and secured
large baakets of speckled troutlets.
C. R. Gordon, Government Inspector ot Factories, Vancouver, Is ln
the city for tbe .week on official business. (This is the first we've heard
of sucb an office or official.)
The case of Kurfuk   vs.   Hosmer
.Mines, Ltd,, which   Is   a claim   for
compensation   under the Workmen's;
Compensation Act, will come up   on
August 18 for hearing.
The Fernie baseball nine Journeyed
to Cranbrook on Wednesday and played a game with the Cranbrook nine,
the result being a tie. Scot, 1 to 1.
Batteries: Cranbrook, Crowe and
Crowe; Fernie, Crysler, Hoffman and
Hovan.
\Mr. Alex. Macnell announces tbat
iMr. Stlyiwn Banwell barrister and to*
Hcltor. ia now is partnership with bim.
and that tbe new firm will practice
under the name of Maeneff * -Etenwetf*.'
offices In the Bank of Hamilton building. Fernie, B. C
A party constating of Misses Bennett, M. Folltt, O. Foil*. L. Carter, M.
James and F. Baker, chaperoned by
Colin   Mcleod,   barrister,   of   Leth-i WHEN TEDDY "HIT THE TIE8"  ,
(bridge, Is in the city on business.       {     AND THE SPEEDER HIT TEDDY1
Norman Fraser, mining expert from
Lethbridge, is registered at the
Fernie.
The ■€. P. R. announce that the
Cranbrook local arriving at 12 noon
and leaving at 1 o'clock will be taken
off on Friday night, July 3lst.
Owing te an Injury sustained by
County Court Judge Thompson, It
bas been decided to postpone the
court until August 3rd.
•Mrs. Gates arrived back In town
Saturday last, after an extended trip,
during which time she visited New
York, Toronto and the eastern 'Provinces, and Included Dakota on ber return trip.
It wil be noticed from our advertisement columns that the Loyal Order
of (Moose Intend to hold their picnic
on Monday, August 3rd, to Elko, return fare being 11.05. The train vill
loave Fernie at. 9:1ft a. m., and return
from Elko at 8:30. The Loyal Order
of Moose made every effort to get a
cut ln the rates for this trip, but owing to th* distance that the railway
has to bring Ute stock (about SOO
miles) nnd the shortness of the ran,
it was found impossible to give a
cheaper rate and insure accommodation for all. The C. P. R, could not
grant a special train, as all of their
spare rolling stock (It la claimed) Is
used to convey the harvesters from
tbe east at this time. Tbey express-
td thtir wttKnfU-**-*, however ta ttn
all they conld If tbe trip were delayed
for a month or slg -weeks. The «ko
Hoard or (Trade are dolug everything
possible to make the trip to real bummer and sports for the kiddles, baseball games, and   possibly  other   at
A brief examination ot the front of
the speeder showed tbat we bad hit
the Teddy square astern and that he
had taken several inches of paint to
decorate hia rear end as a momento of
his escape. We took a run back In the
hope of rendering first aid, should this
be necessary, -but tbe bear, evidently
dubious of human kindness and forethought, had hit the ouih and may
still be going for all we know—« sorer
but a wiser bear.
The party on the speeder have to
thank the bear for his consideration
In falling between the rails, for had
he not done so, it Is questionable
whether Jimmy's back would have
been sufficient to break the Impact,
and tha writer and James might be
sleeping (with other members of the
In rather confined spaces,
.-....._• the strains ot the Dead
March, for it Is questionable whether
a <Moose can safely try conclusions
with a "bar."
THE III!
IM  ar»n<»  priiB unwiai   iu   aiu  *•*   amnnm  um   r.   •»«.  .
the tastrumwit fund ot the FtroteCotl Meaar* H. Fillet   and   Phil   Bailey,        -—-.—-   .- *   _.  n
Creek Ksctltlor ban* takes place in Journeyed on a gnsoHne speeder to | tractions will be arranged.  Tk* UO.
the Orphean tonight (Thursday).   A'Morrissey Sunday   last.   The   party O, 01. Intend to make this an hlftorie
few of the present*, on view In tbe Cooperative store window, have attracted considerable attention.
It is only the writers of fiction that
are able to kill the "gaunt and terrible
grizsley" by making him spring at the
Sero—miss htm-, and precipitate him-
»lf down the steep ravine to break
hia neck, losing his skin and saving
the hero's.
Personally we shall. After our experience, always be a little skeptical of
tho possibilities of killing bears in
this very convenient fictional manner.
If Teddy can survive  after  trying
conclusion with   a   heavy   gasoline
epeeder loaded with seven men, it is
quite safe to assume tbat a full grown
bruin can take good care of his skin,
in spite of tbe goose-flesh yarns  ot,     -
writers   of   "hair-breadth"   escapes. P«Jgj    -     .    .
Granted that "truth Is stmnner than •"•"J1* ih£ I*™?'
fiction." and that to many thia story'M"'h tnr '* " *,UM
may be stranger than both, neverthe-
tea* it is authentic and can bt vouched
for by seven cltitens of repute—sase
snd  sober.    We aro particular to
mention "sober" ror tbe Jnur was k
a m„ snd the day was th» gubbftth,
whlli alt good cltitens know a vlm.o.is
and moral B, C. government has  fa-
creed thnt intoxicants  be  not  sold
after ll p. u. on Snturday night!
Tho party waa ont for a day's fish*
Ing (Hush, not a word: this It net t
fish story et tht fish we hooked but
didnft catch!), and got wider way st
about 8:60 a. m. The nlr wis of that
peculiar fresh, keen kind, which poets
and Annertpttrn writer* nro aboot,
but rarely experience. Two members
of Ute party volunteered te take observation seats, while the driver very
kindly offered the writer the vacant
seat In front, of hint Realising tbe no-
eesslty of the latter hiving aa uninterrupted vision, and weight of our
summer underwear, wt re eonntnlatd
to decline th* proffered eewtaay. All
went wtll, in spite ef tht kesoatss of
the air, tad th* tottlt hsd circulated
once—thia  merely  as  an antidote
went as far as the mines and partook day so far as their order and Fernie
of refreshments   at   John   Dovlck'sjia concerned.   Tickets should bt  te»
, ranch.   A most enjoyable time was | cured at once, ss the number will be
Tbt celebrated   slender   ease,   In »»*»t *»* Fernie reached shortly after {Hmltedf
whfeh a -log takes n prominent pari, • P- ex \ .-JTrr^STST'SSi^
bH«rt*a J*m»* MaNfeall md * wel\.\   Mr.  sud Mr*.   Quinney   and   Bert» WCM. FOUCt KIWt
known hotel bntpee, com*** tip   for, Woodhonsn sojourned to Mom***) on <
ptwllmlnsry hearing this week. 19ml- Sunday laat and tried the fishing, fori «•■«■»• "■■wr ™ «•■•»■» ««™ *»-»!•■"""' —t zriJ=rw'viijn:izb
a»«rt *»»m«#i b*« k**n •mtaff>A hy I which thst bur* is fcmous. The latter.i htfor* ftt local magistral* lariat the sty. em a sharp «rv», what aMMamd
both ptrfiwi aad tht cast bsa netted! Jot states, aatwed a owrked disinclM »*tk. aad the «iti Utaawrr h*« »t, t* bt a d*g wm mttend m the wem.
great interest, twlng to »h«? peculttr osticm to partake of tkt* amxoty il) Icrtved   several   cottribttlot*   f»»||««t filtering tb* taaatt, and a wtm*
,    ._._       as  an  _
jaaainst the possibility of ague. Wt
I wert "kitting ft at tidy clip" ef thirty
j per. wbta on sppnweblag tbs rock-eat
Quite a number of ease* hart tome Uunntl, nome tmt exden belew Morri»
INQUEST OF HILLCREST
EXPLOSION VICTIMS
(CoBtlaoed Uem rage Owe)
Ing to a question by the vice president
of District 18 as to whether, In his
opinion, a company failing to make
search for matches, etc., at any time
as provided tor by the Act, would be
liable to prosecution for not doing so,
the Inspector did not think they would
be.
This completed the evidence, and the
coroner having charged the Jury, they
retired to consider their verdict,
which was as follows:
Inquisition
Ao Inquisition taken for Our Sovereign Lord, The King, at tbe Masonic
Hall, la the Village ot Hlllcrest on
the 20th day of June, 1811, and by adjournment on the 23rd day of June,
1914, *efore Frederick Matthew
Pinknty, ont of tbe coroners for our
said Lord, tht King, for tbe Province
of AlbtrU, on views of the body of
Thomas Bardsley and other men then
and there lying dead, the undersigned.
Classified Ads.- Gent a Word
TO RENT—Six-roomed House: pantry, electric light and water; kino five-
roomed House. Apply W. Minton, 87
Lindsay Ave., or Ledger Office.    287
FOR SALE—Furniture, after 29th. Apply 76 'McPherson avenue.
WANTBD-Shoe shiner,  steady  Job.
Apply, Pantorium, Fernie. 226
FOR RBNT—In centre of dly, five-
roomed modern house, meat kitchen,
clothes closet, electric lights, cellar,
toilet, etc. Apply 158 Ptllatt avenue, city. 229
"The Tragedy of the Masked Ball,"
In tour reels, is on* of thott remark
tomas, tht Man « My«»fy».»»"»^.*.««•• w™ nnltHwtn Amiws Grafton.
These are not the usual "deductive
theory." made to order ttunts, but
genuine, thrilling detective stories,
filmed by a great picture house, which
know how to stage these thing*, and
who can command th* s*rv1ct* oi
th* most talented actars and actresses
the moving picture world haa ever
seta. They are people wbo bvtn
made a life study of picture acting
and command pre-eminent positions
In tbelr profession. When you see
them. R It Just th* asms at stelng tht
gnat atar artlsls ot the stags—Just
as natural, jost at thrilling.
Fer Wednetdsy aad Thuraday next
there is the "Bquaw Man," la six reels,
A supeit drana, full of action, char*
tcttr aad lift—a strong .powerfW
story that will appeal le all
Next week tb* maaigtsteat announce Manr Plekterd In "A Good
Utile DevU.1'   -Vmr reel*.
and Trltes-Wooi! luJ  a try-out, unit •■""  -— » • -■*- -•     i_„.,lk
the ttnm* wa* bloodlr-m   Beach teem i   8tlM another party, snd this coasts**! ■I»"UK'
gratobed on* point.    The respect!*e iti «t fttfMl auart*ft of F»»»J*'* *»•!   J«f Mtore and Jaa, Nicholson were
««nt« nf ***** tmt** wkiv t»# «nmmH<et«iMve s#t. with a very popular aadinned a llkt aaa ror toweroat eta*
m by tke   llfberaantsm   thst    um , emium m**i *tt>*M««»*M.   tua matt» , -'••-•- ■•'-
i«*n»*v*?'*.'»  #*..*!*  itUmt »«*..»,   n.**,,    tfiti'jt'^uvt'B  V;    i'UU.    UiiC    ;-jijii*;irrfl    tn      .1;,»   »r1mr*
th* Triwi-ttooi jatt as jrot>d
Tfe* tea**!*)) warn* st th* city park
oa Saturday tttwetn the Coal Com
.«*■■*
Ing. "Look our for th* dog!" shotted.
Jast at thet nomeat tht "<*•* (ward and gave us a good  look  af af*
phyalognomy.     "Dog    b«     d—r
shouted half the psrty: "It's a bear!"
aad K was. tktagk a very sMttibtar.
,.,,„,. ......      .ttetern-MaMln—Oeif stehsleek,Ml   , , ,,    ,,   (l,    „„
'^r'^rMttrttrd mm tta-^f *** *"*, <*"W-»f «**..vtlT?!?' '*»***** tbein vmmt tottbw
IL XmtmaAltmmA   ..- mm.i&* ^..^4 ***>'. .^'t£2l'm£''MSMT to Whttll Xk*, IU »	
bNtmn \mnyft0KeiWmtiwfF nWI wQQomw999m m^mW"
OAMCt IN AIO Ot COLORADO
•TRIKIM
The poatpoatd daac* far tht beae-i
ftt af tht Colorado strikers um* plsea'
oa Monday avsnlng at tha •oclallst
Hall, wbta ovar 109 cotiplt* oecapled
tht floor,  Tkn dance wil a huge sue-
eeea, aad dariag tat emteg, H. Of s^
i   * ,i»     .*»    it.     »9-ynm.ttt9,-r
•Moore, Wm. Goodwin, deorgt Orafton,
Arthur B. Farmer, Thomas Duntan,
Harry Smith, Evan Rosa Mckenlte,
Cbsrlet Fuehs. good lad lawmi men,
being duly sworn and charged lo la*
quire for mir aald Lord, Tb* King,
when where, how and hy what means
the said Thomas Bardsley aad others,
lit men In nil a* per list attached,
earns to their death, do npon their
oath oar—
The** men earn* to their death fn
the HUlcwst Mint en tk* 19th day ot
June, 1914 aa a result of aa enploslon
Tht Jury detire to say that they do
aot think tbt regutaUoas of tht Ooal
Ctftntt Act   hav* b**a  strictly  ai*
Wm would rtcotnwend that Oorore-
ment enforce an Inspection at later-
▼ate ef aot It** thaa one* a month
far match** aad ptptt of all men tw*
pltytd (a th* aria**,
Tht Jury farther recommends that
each compaay keep oa hand aa atar
tat tslM moot* as peislMi a snf-
ftettat atmbtr tf taftty tppsrtaat la
*n*e of seefdeat.
ti mttaaas arhereaf, th* eoroasr ia*
htrtwatn ttt his haad aai awl aai
th* J«l? btr* hetwmto **t tbelr
aaadt aad ttalt thl* 22ad day af Jaly,
tlt«.
1AMBB W. QHMHAM.
with tbt rock clashing pleat. «hkh"t*;iw*aty'days.
pany snd Cltrits resulted.In a «*».«, f      _        ..
td < *» t. ie favor et th# torwtet item, I   We sre Inforaed by the Mayor that
Htttert**—Cttt Ueaiptay, ctttitt-aaaiMMk -v.******-*.. *•   h**.***.*^
Hovan; Oerks. Hottawn aad Plelwtt.! -J" **■ *•
Auothf r game was hold oa Sondsy be-
twiwa tbe Hotel Men aad Scoots, and
wai won by tht former by a score of
9 to t. Batteries --Scouts, McDougal
and Mci*od; tHW Um, Watltct and
tlornn
at work crashing ttoa* Jast off tkt
Coal Creek rosd. The cost of operating the plant I* about 949 per day. aad
tht city hss been able to place crashed
reek oa tht strtets at less thaa flJS
p»r yard*. Tho wait te giving as*-
inti;, mt-ot to t«wr t«tai« »n*\ **%m
Wm. Baldefwtta*   aad Attm A*al«j,
Bhermsa wero aaftad 1* the %e«ds of \ettm*
nnmmmy at F»rat« Hatanlay. iei* i   * «*»»»*■»&•*  U#»»   * W'»*>>4m>» »  *U
1Mb.   Ktv. D. SI. Pettey   emtUdtoe-itoiiim iWoMot have beea ia to»s
££ brSThS bmmmSletm «  th. j dariag th* «aak. aai r*0atere4 at tb*
IMttritt Vtdtcet etneo for tht hwt six Waido-rf   hotel.    Aaot»*r   entweix j ——; ^"»*>i«—t*i— «»«^ *r aa
mo%Xka *T*is«>«r**h«r. *htkt th* m*mb*r tf th* PtetbiekA W* tort* ? •ttnm af^gg*188 ***** ** •»
bridearotos waa aterotary for Ho*m*r was notlcti to«Mt on sa expedition w^wJI*T^,i^1,»li- lMemm rf
tsexmi aaui ttot tome «»at*d down- to Mtrriasty TtMday torn,  tt it a*-!   tfbete mbA*********** ***** **
liwUitauSbaxStU acwty welltenrmit mt p ttm tm tnt*mtm toiteeeetmle tit m m\m* ftnt
u t* uta oauaana. w w» «   .*...   k.....:  —~-tWtHk*"fla»||*l**a.  «*T »« •*]*&-** *****
"nr w* ktra* md\mn aai ttat ta SWsr Wtatmiasia* If
e«t! BHf! (Wt kHtdm Jattiie** tM
\nlU nm wt-re oret Mm! Ihi mm te
noticed to tan a eoaplt ot sumaiar
nnHi (or bMraaaftat, Uf* aa a part-
lac look of sympathy aad tttrof wl
Wat It aqthrffithetwssl,mmm
p, WWt'«l.^y^ wwi tat md c«*d»cWs *• dj»
••"^Jfw^S^i !,^!Sf^i attrotl***!*. wwi. tt IMS mm MMb
^T.r^^J^tllt*.^' * «»"«* to "hft the fl*** w»** ♦**
sad is day*, w^etiveiy. *|.ictiag !»*ar conJl affwi teUe-m^
Son- MtlOeeeH waa deuiatd tot nhmeemoite -pas*" Mai •» tibbmiiy
immydmebtmemietwtwrtrnmim huronir. The kaar m» itmeei to
^.,. 99,^-^—,.- __m m- -. m^g^irmmtamktmme**
tnm Moore, also chartod with vagrancy, was fined $11 or thirty daya
H. BaMrsoa. for falllsg lo carry an
overioed af llqald rafrashsseau dettm
oasty. wt* flood •• or tea daya.
O. mtto nnd   \t    tynndj,   ketk
this be aa object least* It th*ai. at
that ia tb* fataro they night organic*
sad wsttr spta thetr IWt. lw fhaf
ttmimww*^wtmwi  oon   e-*^^m-em^o9mem$   tww   9<**t^^m  m^&^^w^
wtwde-k—ttedaem  -with  wMeh  th«
\btnt ft far tht
li u Ui* tauattoa. ofthe acwty **<1 fan'omt thnt. ft ww* kt* intawmn reffnaaaffr »» f*
coapw tt tato a trip U th* Astt**d*c ur*mt nn moot mt*k*n ot ttt* "flatly* lone. Tbny*
viaKnftSr mawti tliaMwT fri** aa po*5tt* Po *nr w* haw aot \momi mm
via	
mtgtatoJk   omlduA
heard of hi* anceta*
certified lata**.
Ht
tlit
!
ratalttd atalint eaadltiaaa.   H*
tern up, to b*.  aa it wtro. kaostod
derwn tad d«4*eat«i bf   tto   astttr
-mAa-^m*    ^^Mn   feat   >m** ^^^   -dteA-em^^    *^^k  htoda
gattorlag thtta Oat *v«*lac teetlftei
to tie streagth *f the wartttr.    Lit
a^s^^^   e^^r  aw   a^w^j^wp*r   w^^mmw^  ewe   ei-m —
■*-*"■ aMaalte
toAtoy
'we
^. *t**.i*.     •■--■<* ■-*-     _______*
..., ,,„   ^PWl   WWmm   lmmw
\*mttA^wWwo   MB   wW   jflpfw  wN   J^^mt*^^mw*m   wBw
tto tvtalag.
ft atay to saeatHaef ttot a tea-t
^^^^WW**.|^P   mwmmmjm^fW m&   »PBI^WP   WWw tl^^^W,
ad that tto da*** ta Maadty algto
te atway rsprstsat* 'to aswat at tto
"^KVWflWM
■ _XMVi'
CfUSLW FtlCHS,
KWiif:~—
A.EFAI
«. MMW         .
iwrrw?«w tt vw»<e*m*e
fUXXT WHTft.
REPORT OF N.FRASER ON
HILLCREST EXPLOSION
tCaatlaMMl fram Fag* 0»»>
catastrophe. Tke total "output from
tht colliery was ovor 1,000 tout psr
day, and on th* morhlng of tht explosion th* wholt mint had hteo tx*
nmlntd nnd roportod on ay oaa fire*
bos* la two hour* and tw*aty minute*.
There were 54.000 tabic feet per mtn-
att of air ustd to ventilate No. 1
mint and 94.009 cubic feet ptr mlnnt*
to ventllste Xo. J Qtlna,  No. 1 win*
8reduced three time* as maeh coal aa
re. l mine.    Thtro   wat  alto  aa
amount of 14,600 cubic toot por minute In No. l North, but a* tbls our*
rent patted around No. 9 Snath alto,
It mast havo fona*d part of th* 34,000
.cubic fttt, It thia*waa measured  ln
j No. I South as tat air record* showed.
I aat firmly toavlaatd that had ttore
torn a current of froth air supplied
to tht fata* of No. I South ao aa to it*
lata aai  reader  banal*** aasloa*
gas** at rogalrti by Statins H of tha
Mints Aet, this accident would never
hav* bapptatd.
Reported by
.VORMANFRASIBR.
Wawatoa. Aha-. II Jaly, 1914.
oito
l«ly 19th. the infant tea tf Mr. sad
Mrs. Jam** StsekwtU, aged 1 waaks
lattnatat ttok platt ta Wadattday.
Ret. D. M. Perley offlclatlag.
Jaly 3ttt, at Hull Rlvtr, Ofakolma
FVirgttnon. aged in. The body fa being
told at tto aadartaMas partata aaitll
•»«##•* »«* ***n ttnmm Wt -aemaettml***.
tat with ratatlvtt.
i
uem rwtk
imp stwpaa
NOTICI
Mr.. Cw*», tt tto	
an. wlshsa la aula ttot to
ntafatfaa TtO-
pararity
to to*
tt^^^^^^g^    _a
•^^pppfw    wa
Uetot * aad   _
tan la a 1t$Jb_
S?Si SSTSSsmmTmmtmA.       «wa io the Ctlerado tlrfkar*.
\m/t      W -^M*«W*WHf     -amm^m-w-^m m ■m     1-
read a Utter to tod ittatroi
t>epwty Attorney OtMitl Haat,   la
.ItoMb fa§ WffHf Msfti laat tatlag
'Ngatt to tto rary tloreoah Hvwtv
trosa tto cawrtstistsw.  and   tie tttt
he tAt«d tlmr #«*Rs«Btaf' wmdi
kttbnpnfletefni and ttot ttoy waaM
STOMti wWs as <mtoat(w la arrhsa IS
|%*lr«*»Kil
mtmmaatnmbmmimtomnmmitnmmem
■P*n •wW'^m-t^ereerwmmw a^v oem mm ■P*,wPw wB* ■'■
iCBrt*. wiliM J* .Ptmttttm PSfhUtf, ee*
Itmmm fnla^Waai Oil    Thataavur
f m^^^w^mnw      tsv»**^p^ ww n^^nor     w^ w w^sw^Himw wtm
—  asi that
arroaaed with tto aaw ettor-
41
-ttoo% If aitot tt jitffgff as
Kit' uotrlag.  Ra wm I
dla tto ladiat' tatttrtag
aaslatsa at hi* roaliaat*.
afsarot, to tto aavth af
data state* ttot kt vtt
la "
IS
Wim.
Bsktr
Hit.
start
Wrmm wftwoj apt ^r s* -^^mimifw-mmmm} ne emeeeeetrmtm IS
^g^-jL*^^*^!^. >jiu<w|| j^*^^ -imil^^^^mu     SHh tfk 'ig^uK ____ ^a^_^_^_. K^^
.1
\
jga^1BSg«*
irtiiSifStfeftwft, iH/fMm**"
®mknPm<m$mM^t^^
^ga*^
^^tmmrn

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