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The District Ledger 1914-04-25

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 ■*,      if'; t   i      "j *? -
Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
No. 35, Vol. Vn.
$1.00 A YEAR
All Aboard fopMay 1st
Mora than, one sensation was provided Ohls week end. The lirst was
the ratHier precipitate departure of
the newly-appointed Provincial Chief
of Police, who liked Pernie so well
that h,e .pulled his freight on Saturday
night and, it is understood, will ibe
seen no more here.
George .Wallaby, Provincial Constable, late of New Michel, was appointed Acting Chief and the first day in
ofifice produced one of the most terrible domestic tragedies ever recorded in this district.
The Provincial Police of Fernie received information from Police Constable Boardmau, of Coal Creek, that
a colored man had 'been murdered,
and -that his wife, who was injured,
was being detained.
Upon receiving this information a'
special train was requisitioned and
the Acting Chief of Police (Geo.
Wellsby) and Coroner Wilkes started
for the Creek at about 11 p. m.
Arriving at Coal Creek, the authorities took immediate steps to
secure all tbe information possible,
but owing to the late hour and the
condition of several witnesses, very
little satisfactory evidence could be
gathered. The deceased, Arthur
Green, did not enjoy the best of reputation in the camp and about sixteen
months ago run amuck and started
shooting Into the Club room, wounding one man. He .was tried In Fernie,
ibut escaped with a light sentence of
four months, the opinion of the judge
being that be had been rather lllused
and severely provoked. Every one
seems to be of opinion that Mrs.
Green, who -is held in custody, was a
most peaceful and law abiding woman,
and not addioted to drinking or quarrelsome.   Green also was very quiet,
knife passed through the muscles of
the bleep and struck on the feixth rib.
Had the man grasped the upper part
of his arm tightly he could have stopped the rush of blood and saved bis
except when df inking. He was not a
member of the Coal Creek Club or the
United Mine Workers of America.
in reporting the Inquest we bave
taken particular care not to mention
any portion* that may Incriminate or
prejudice the case of 'Mrs. Green. The
woman has not appeared before the
judge and no charge, so far as we
know, haa, been laid, therefore tt is
only In the strictest Interests of Justice that any direct.statement likely
to Influence or prejudice should be
excluded until a .preliminary hearing
la gives.
Oa -Monday morning tRe Inquest
was opened in the Club Hall by Coroner H. Wilkes, the following gentlemen formtig the jury: Chris. Wright
(foreman), William Parker, Charlie
OWrlen, Steve Hall, B. Falrolough aud
Geo. Monks. Sharwood Hercfamer
represented Mrs. Green.
The jury journeyed to Fernie in the
morning and viewed the body, returning on the 2 o'clock train io the Creek.
Upon leavtag the train the police,
coroner and jury adjourned to tbt «U«
oC the tragedy and viewed the room
ln which it was alleged the deceased
was found.
The house ls situate In that part ot
the Creek known as Slav Town, and
lt ono ot the soml-dotacbed cottages
almost directly behind the blacksmith's shop. The Urcens occupied
the one house and .Mlcheluk the next.
Entering through the front door, the
attention of the jury was called to
footprints directly below the bedroom
window, caused, It Is alleged, by the
woman jumping out of the window.
The front door opened direct to the
bedroom, while the kitchen Is entered
by a door to the left Both rooms
bore evidence of a severe struggle,
while blood was splashed on the wall*,
stove and furniture. In the kitchen,
one conld sea rre see the color of the
oilcloth owing to tbe blood stains tbat
covered the floor, and It was evident
to all that the deceased mnn mxitl
have struggled and walked around
for some time after receiving his
death wound. Tbe door connecting
kitchen and bedroom had the top panels smashed completely oat, snd was
splaabed with blood stains. Two
broken chair* lay In tbe bedroom and
n broken glass It Is claimed that
the chairs were hurled at the door,
and mere responsible for the daawnte.
Wood stains were also discovered on
the window frame and front door handle. wHle n rmut with blood Mains,
•nd • bottle with which It Is claimed
the woman was hit. were taken poi<
•ess-ton of Oy tbe police.
found a knife sheath just inside tbe
bedroom, there were blood stains on
both sides of the window frame, and
the front door handle. This door was
locked. He found deceased lying on
his face with his a§m under bim, hia
head towards the bedroom. Cross
examined by the Coroner, be noticed
signs of a severe struggle; the door
between kitchen and bedroom wae
smashed, also two chairs and a looking glass.
'Witness also stated that the acting
chief had found upon the deceased, a
key which fitted tbe front door lock.
James A. English, company weigh-
man, stated that he was sitting in the
Club on the night of April 19th, when
the night watchman inquired for him.
He went outside and met the Police
Officer, and accompanied bim to the
house. Police Constable Baardman
went in first and he followed. Green
was lying on the floor face down between the table and the stove. The
Constable turned the body over, and
discovered the man was dead. He
went over to the house of Micheluk,
and there saw Mrs. Green. The Constable left him In charge of the worn-
and and telephoned to Fernie. The
woman made a statement to him to
the effect that Green had been drinking all day at Tony 'Murphy's house
in Welsh camp. He sent over for her
and after she had been there a little
time, said he was going home. The
woman said she followed him home,
and when she arrived there found him
lying on the floor. She lifted him up,
removed bis clothes and put him to
bed. When toe was on the bed, the
man enquired what she was doing
and rising up, said be was going to
Fernie. They had some words, and
be grabbed her by. the throat. She
managed to get bold of a gun and:
gave dt to -Steve Micheluk. She came
back again after ft little while, but he
started 'quarreling again. He had one
knife in his belt and one in his hand.
She made for the door, and he followed. She rushed to tbe window and
shouted for help, but no one heeded.
She jumped through thq window. Replying to Coroner, tbe witness Btated
Dh Workman dressed tbe woman's
hand and eye. She bad two fingers
'badly cut on the right hand, and a
bad cut over tbe left eye. Her waist
was covered with blood and disarranged.
Cross examined by Acting Chief,
witness atated that he found kinfe
(which Chief held ln his hand) in a
rocking chair in ihe -bedroom. Another knife was found on the kitchen
table end the bottle at the foot of the
bed. The place was disarranged and
bore evidence of a severe struggle.
There were blood -stains on the window (frames and sashes. Mra. Green
told him ihe door was locked.
Cross examined, witness stated that
Mrs. Green told bim they had quarrel
ed before, but not seriously,
Tony Murphy (who spoke with a
distinct Italian secant) stated that he
lived ln the next house, west He
went with Mrs. Oreea when she came
and complained about her husband.
He saw Green push Mrs. Green over
on the table. He had known Green
for two years.
Cross examined by Acting Chief, he
did not see knife in Green's belt lie
heard lots of shouting, but told no
Questioned as to whether he had
seen blood stained packet of shells
which the Chief exhibited, he denied
all knowledge.
Steve Morrison was the next witness, and not by sny means satisfactory n*.i»li ttn> Coroner ftt\4 Sherwood Herohmer repeatedly corrected
him. Witness claimed thst directly
he saw iroub!*-*** tit <»<ni out.
Questioned by the Coroner as to
why he did not stop snd ssslst the
womsn, witness thought that a man
with a knife was too dangerous to
argue with, and thai his best place
waa outside. The witness was asked
several questions hy Mr. Herohmer.
and alter contradicting himself with
reference to the hiding of the rifle,
mlmltted tbat Mrs. (Ireen had aaked
him to hide H. He was asked agnln
wlR'lher ho saw anyone try to take
Die knife from Green, but persisted
In his answer that he "got out" lie
did not see any shells: h» did not tell
anyone of the trouble, for he wa* too
u*t«d.    Tbe  mines* wna eautione-d
Among the weapons taken from the
house by .Mrs. Green and the police
were: A 30-30 Winchester carbine and
20 rounds of ammunition; a 10-inch
skinning knife; a seven-inch bowie
sheath knife (with which it is alleged
deceased was stabbed), and a razor.
All, except the rifle, bore blood stains.
The box of shells must have stuck to
Green's clothes and was discovered
when the body was being moved from
stretcher. The cardboard box was
saturated with blood and was a most
gruesome exhibit.
It has been found necessary to
have Mrs. Green's wounds dressed
dally at the hospital.
The funeral of the -murdered man
took iplace on Thursday afternoon
from Thomson and Morrison's undertaking parlors. Rev. Perley officiated.
All comrades and workmen are requested to take notice that a propaganda meeting will be held in the Socialist Hall on Sunday evening, at
7.45, when Comrade Goodwin, of Vancouver, will deliver an address on
"The Social .Problem and its Solution."
The Assize Court will open here on
the 8th of May, when the following
are among some of the most important cases to be heard:
Cardemone vs. C. N. Pass Coal Co.
Shuska vs. C. P. Railway,
Gavin vs. Riverside Nurseries.
McLean vs. C. P. .Railway.
Backs vs. Earl of Ramferley et all
The following cases will also be
heard if possible:
Orchard vs. C P. Railway.
Fanna vs. C. N. Pass Coal Co.
At Nelson, -May 14th:
Ryan vs. C. P. Railway.
Bless the city fathers for extending
to the Annex the greatest boon of
modern civilization — electric light.
The citizens of the Annex are watching with interest the erection of the
ipoles that are destined to carry light
into the darkest places of the city
suburbs. No more shall we stumble
over stumps and plunge into treacherous holes of muck and mire. Even
sidewalks are promised and are to be
laid down In the1 near future, providing no one kicks.
A huge land Bllde occurred near
the Fairy Creek bridge, which caused
much concern to our city engineer,
as the water main was in great danger of being broken up. Engineer
Ramsay is, bowever, happy to report
that all is well In this respect
'Rumor has it that the recent downpour of rain has undermined portlpns
of the G. N. track in the vicinity of
Dorr, causing the rails to spread,
which resulted in six cars being ditched. <■
A special Walsh-English service
was held on Sunday evening at Oliyet
■Baptist Church. The Rev. Griffiths,
of Calgary, officiated. A Welsh service was a novel feature, and despite
the cosmopolitan character of the city
of Fernie, much Interest was displayed by the English speaking people.
To hear a sermon and the rendering
of a hymn in the language of the
people that hailed from the land of the
leek and daffodil was something out
of the ordinary, and many prominent
Welsh citizens were present at the
service to again hear the Biblical message in the sweet and musical language of their childhood. The singing of an old Welsh hymn was particularly enjoyable, for it is the most
happy medium through which the Celtic religious emotion can be expressed. A duet waa sweetly rendered by
Mr. T. Lamb and T. A. Phillips, ,Mr.
Harold D, Wilson accompanied at the
organ. ....,-
The Presbyterian Church is most
fortunate in procuring the services ot
Lawrence Hutzinger, a violinist of no
mean order,   His rendering of "Sou-
May 1st, 1914
The Socialist Local will hold a social and dance In their hall (on Pel-
latt Ave.) on May 1st, starting at 9 p.
m. sharp. Admission, gents, 76c; ladies, 25c. A four-piece orchestra will
be in attendance.
Balen vb. Granby Consolidated.
Carter vs. Granby Consolidated.
Lawley vb. Hedley Coal Co.
At Greenwood, May 1st:
Ganzlni vs. Jewel Danero.
Mr. Macnell, of Fernie, Is interested
in all of the above cases, iwblch are
mostly compensation cases In which
the U. 'M. W. of A. and W/ F. of >M.
are interested.
TRINIDAD. Colo., April 22.-8I*
mine employees dead and two missing; three men, two women and a
baby reported entombed in a burning
mine; several camps destroyed and
others riddled with .bullets. There are
about 200 militiamen and 400 strikers facing one another. This Is the
condition of affairs on the third red
day of Colorado's labor war according
to the C. P. R. bulletin.
TRINIDAD. Colo., April 21,—Hun-
(Irodi of armed strikers who yesterday fought for 14 hours with mllltla
in the Ludlow district had dispersed
I IiIh morning and quiet prevailed In
and nbout the strikers' demolished
tent colony.
No trace of a large body of armed
strikers, which last night was reported to be nulling to the aid of the
Ludlow strikers, was seen. Tbey sre
thotiKht to be In the hills west and
north of Ludlow, but the groups are
luIU-utl io be so broken up tbat no
concentrated attack will
StiS,:t,,i  Mttt*.
venTFNSy T)wdand was masterful.~He
spares no effort In expressing and
Interpreting the -tnusic with life and
soul. The appreciation was visibly
though silently expressed, Mr. James
Whitehouse accompanied at the or-
At the Catholic Church, In the early
afternoon, thn traditional but beautiful religious ceremony of christening
took ' place. Father Melssener performed the ceremony -and officiated
at the several services.
Comrade Harry Martin spoke to an
attentive if not large audience at the
Socialist Party Hall on Sunday evening. The subject of his address was
"Woman and Socialism." Tlie lecturer evidently had read widely upon this
Interesting but contentious question.
The discussion which followed was,
as usual, the most Instructive and Interesting feature of the meeting. It
iwas contended by. one of the partlcl
pants In debate that If woman did not
possess sufficient intelligence to
emancipate herself li would be "sll
hope abandon" If left to the opposite
We wish her a very pleasant journey
to the home of her former associates
and friends.
The inhabitants of Fernie and Coal;
Creek received a moral shock when;
the sensational newi of the gruesome
tragedy had spread Itself around. Perhaps we might congratulate ourselves
for the rare occurrence of such things,
and the wonder is, under the present
conditions, that such happenings are
rare in our midst.
The "movies" still have a fascination for a large number of the citizens
of Fernie. The Orpheum is again undergoing the necessary repairs after
the recent fire. It Is being repainted
and decorated, thus making it a palace of pleasing delight.
The -May Day Sports committee are
straining every effort to make that
day an eventful one ln the annals of
sports in this city. If the weather
continues as at present the park and
roads will be In the pink of condition. May the gods co-operate with
us puny mortals of men to celebrate
May Day In the spirit and joy of
quickening springtime, as did our
forefathers of Tudor days. "Let the
woods, rivers and parks ring with the
joyous laughter of men, women and
children, who are lost to themselves
In the forgetfulness of pleasure."
Some are asking whether the Council will get started at all this year
on the roads. Possibly a few of those
curiosities capable of "moving 100
yards a day" may be discovered, in
which case we shall not be long. "Oh,
let lt be soon!"
Retrenchment seems to be the order
with a certain packing company doing
business in this town. Early in the
year they had occasion to cut all advertising. The enormous sum of $6.00
per month was being squandered with
the   Ledger   fnr  ndvBrtlslng^_but—gel
May Day Celebration
Will be "A Hummer"
lost it. Of course, lt Is only charlt
able to presume that they are return-
ing this to the worker In cheaper and
better meat. But like Thomas we
wonder how long the prices would be
cut did the present opposition quit?
Strange, this concern with a capital
of about $45,000,000 should fprget the
thousands they received from the TJ,
M. W; of A. during the strike!
Why was If necessary for the Council to consider the appointment of a
clerk In secret? Were they scared
we should publish the list -of applicants? However, let us hope the
best man got the job.
A. J. Moffltt ls the newly appointed
City Clerk. The others must wait.
Tbat there were so many applicants
speaks volumes for the easy snap
some consider the Job.
Do we want a stone crusher or a
dredger of the city? One councillor
suggested a steam shovel.
Tho citizens might ask themselves
tbe question: "Is It cheaper to buy
gravel at 36c per yard, or crush It at
a cost of £0c per yard. Tbe Elk banks
sex. this remark produced much ap- j have enough gravel to pave a dosen
plause from the womon present, tout Kernles~and then some!
great Indignation from the would-be I Kefoury Bros, announce a contlnu-
knlghterrants amongst the comrades|anco of their sale until May 2—flve
Forget your troubles, "can" your worries, close your business and
celebrate the First. This is to be a "huin-dinger"—a real day of fun
and frolic, so why worry your clerks and teamsters? If you can't
close for thc wholtj day, dose for half a day—12 sharp. Let "'Mr.
the Mayor" declare a civic holiday even if for 'half a ditij.
Speeches in the morning—sports in the afternoon—dances, picture
shows, and a real boxing bout tinder the auspices of the Athletic Association, in the evening. Let her rip for one day. The great PRINCIPLE involved is to be happy and jolly and make otliers the same,
so get busy!
The tradesmen have contributed handsomely to'the sports. All
that is needed is a fine day to assure the most successful fete ever
held in Feniie. Women and children will be admitted to sports free,
but the men will contribute "two bits."
Full particulars will be found below, but if you want any" further
information send to T. Uphill, secretary Gladstone Local; he will
Refreshments will be provided on the $ rounds, but no beer.
Time Entrance lst
1.00   Boys' Race, under 10 (open)   Free   $   i
1.10 ■ Boys' Race, under 12 (open)  ,...
1.20   Girls' Race, under 14 (open) 	
1.30   Members of Dist. 18, over 45 years
100 yards (open) —	
lst round Football .'...''  5.00
Married Ladies' Race i"  Free
Mile Race (open)  ..*.    .50
Single Ladies' Race  — .. Free
High Jump      .50
Tng-of-War,  six each side  (spike  ".
$ 2
20     10
who are. as characterised by Sarah
(trand, "but mere men."
A grand dance was held In Victoria
Hall on Monday evening under the
auspices of the Pernie Football Club,
liy common consent '.his was admitted as the most enjoyable evening
spent wHlt the "light fantastic" during the aenson. Prises were offered
for the bent exhibition orpresentatlon
of the hesitation waits and the much
criticised tango dance. We congratulate MIh« IV Hughes an"! Mr. A. J.
Smith, who won the prlie lor the he#-
Itatlon waits, and Miss 0. Wright and
A. J. Smith, who secured the prise
for the tango dance    Carrie's orches-
days more. Get In on some of the
bargains and aave money.
Tlio doctor* have decided <to alter
tho time for evening consultation and
w'll attend from * to 8 p. m. at their
oil iif b lu the Henderson lllock.
Mrs. F. li. Sherman and family ar
rived In town yesterday and will take
up their reslilenco here.
_ JA-yvyiAja
TRINIDAD, Colo,. April 20.—A four-
teen-tour bsttle between striking cosl:
miners ami members of the Colorado
National Ouard In the Ludlow district,
today   culminated late tonight In the -
killing of Louis Tlkas, leader of the!
llreek strikers, and the destruction of
the Ludlow tent colony hy tire.
Fir*- again broke out east of lUidtow
shortly before midnight, but continued
for only a few minutes.
Xo accurate estimate upon tbe ex-
set number at dead aud wounded ln
today'* battle ean be secured until to-
VBRA mm. April 22.   Six Americans killed and :itl wounded marks the
.         _, investment ot Vera Cms, which took
be made.— jtra wm in attendant and performed j place about noon today by I', rt. forces
* ift* i i...iiuin>. A im-rtii ut t'lai**1 Uiuiek-r K«ui Auhiiihi H**teiit-r, who Ims
<>iie also Io tin- mauler of ceremonies.! taken um his quarter tit tho Terniln.il
(ieo. Stewart, wlio filled hia office in * Hotel. The entire eity I* stronsly
an efficient and H«n*ei»bln manner, i patrolled and quiet prevail*. The
llul to the Indefatlguable effort* of (paymaster of the Ilritlsh cruiser H»-
the secretary. Ins. liregory. is due (sex was wounded today »»> a sniper
the flnancld! rnt-rem nf the undertak • ashore* The British blu*vj*4< kt'.s i-heer
Ina. A. J. tVtner wa* pr-p-sent repre-|ed American marines a* th« > proc-cod-
*ew!n« the <\ X. P, Football Leasue, jed to land
On 'Mcm<l*y evening the Loyal Order of Moose met at the Pythlana'
Hall to Install th" officers for the en-
•uilr-iK torm The officer* are as follows: Fast lilitator. T. r«»htll; IMsta-
tor. Frank Xewntistn: Vl<<« UkU'or,
I   MtteMtey  Fr*!»te   F  Vollunl'  *-W-
ftnnsrTrarrwi/   ... 7 .. .  .   ii.llU       7JU
12 3.15 440 yards Race (open)     .50 20 15       8
13 3.30 Chinamen's Race 55 10      7.50
14 3.45 Final 100 yards	
15 4.00 Ladies' Race, over 45  Free 10      5
IG 4.00 Long Jump     .50 15 10
17 4.15   Squaw Race, 100 yards Free        6      4
18 4.30   100 yards Bash, members Dist. 18.    .50      15     10      5
j9   4 45   Motor Cycle Race (2 miles)      .50      15     10
20   5.15   Horse Race  1.00      50    25
Pony Raee (under 14 hands)  1.00      35     15
Prize money for horse races will be increased if funds permit.
Events 1 mul 2, second prize, lacross stick.
Event 3, first prize, bracelet; second, cairh.
Event 4, second prize, 2 boxes eigtM.
Event 12, second prize donated by A. V. Liphardt; third prize i«
ifiven by K. Dutfiie, value $8.00.
Event 13, second prize is given hy J. Aeillo, value $7.50.
Event 18, first prize ia given by N. E. Suddaby, value $15.00, fishing outfit.
Event 19, second prize is headlight, value $10.00, given by J. Minion.
A prize of $33.00 will be given for the junior football train, »l»o a
prize of $33,00 for the junior Incnwse team, to be played iu the morning.   Entrance free.
One Hundred Dolla ra ($100.00) will be given for Hcnior lacrosse,
providing there ia an oulsitle tenia. Entrain'* $5.<H.», to be played immediately after the firat round of football.
Fniilbiill Kcnior \>* confined to teams of llu- t'. V V. League; one
dub, one team; play 20 tnimift* each wny. In the cvi-m of a draw,
cornern lo count. No second pri/«- iiiilcxs time entries. No thiol
prize unie** 4 entries.
AH entries wilh fees mil*! be made and paid one hour before i-v. nt*.
Ul   Cliff!.'«
'    I
.V   If   WILSON
Tlie coroner aad lory then artHwtre
ed to the Club Hall and the lnn««*t't»r  '*• Coroner  and   after  several
was resumed. "»"• remarks, allowed lo stsnd down.
The first wltnees eallerf was Con■)**'. Kl^LW? ikML ht **f
•table Oeorte Hosrdman. who «Ule*|«»rf ^ »*^J»'^««^ *^"
that li* was called at aitout Kl p. m. ?""' JL'l^L'i'lJ^TJl^'^lt
on  S««dar  by  the romn-ny  oimlft ^^X^*^r*    * *'
,*,.,. ~i«9*9mi     .■: 4*9      H-i-*.**-.-!,     49.     999*1     4tf*.«%^*t>
end *Mtl lhat tht* rw-i^t* h**H **<***
-tttttrrsttag. Me secured ttm assistance
of Jm. MBftisb and asal to the bouse.
morrow or until after the fighting haa retarjf. O   F.   Moses;  Trustees,   K4.
ceased. Ammunition is said to be run-
»l»f lo*' among bo*.k *,h* m'.Utbawn'''J1**?-!, i
land strikers.   Kthmisterf by the too-, Fhersen
WAAIIINUTOX, April il tUmntl
t'arranaa's Ohe eonstltinioimtitc leaden sti-xenii-nt that he roasit U the M*-
iriit of Vers ("mi by tin- Aitoriemi
»«*.!• ti«ws> aet td ho*<IHi> to th** Meti
ram nvtoe fell like » homl* »t,<!l l'. 1/ :
flcial eireles tonight.    President  Wil*!
Hot Mae and Chief Mrltoufull   Inner *\*on be* «*|Me#»l)' diselalmed any aet j
Ithle Ito-elle*
W. IIAI,DKKHTli\K   K'd und White |t«*e!t*>
l>. M'-IMtnjAIJ. »i..| .1. SWEENEY
Yellow   |b*etf«t
111-y**-.:. tH'.ttt tl'-ufi. I
Af»»T tbi» ini'Mllf-iikm
was' el«*
MniiouB fighting of tbr <Jajr. the torn -J orer.  the  nun-Af-ra
bstsnta are sleeping mi their arms j tbe    rernlerlitfe    of
■Manv   have  been   wlthowt   food
iiirentyf««r hours.
A rejiort from tbe military e»mi> »i
U-tiikiw t»,iy« till!; ia*ti« mM\»v it «U«4
and -two- are  wounded, one  fatally.
tit*   *t*at    -Al.fi.timl.*.
* -* »   -,,.-,,      ..   ...911.49    9,.44     .^^rtr.niin*.     *"UMHWW
(tblrt and fonrth Haters td tbe tttbttM «-nd »« !*#«t vn*** art* ««M to hitr-
fuei3;.   lie 4W ttoi <^«vtr*« nkh'tbe, headquarters.
for|»on*s   by   ItoW    WlWtormtirh   *o<t
jflftirtsnfi     <TV»  ts  tint   Mnmsiin   wbo
tore down the  testes of <««*«, t> it  s
brut In* v MunHtf that i* Mining ttt bwlW;
un one id the te**t friendly orders In
.mt;       ., ■*...*,. .    .. ...4if        **U.«M;4        tttmt,        ■*» **
& ,,."*,,   '.■„itj,^ 1,*, "tr*.   24* *«*.».» i*,, ,,- j
»»rifrnhH»lne listeria «« the of,, '<
pries-m'   e*nji'>)«"d " j*-- • of A*m<r!<-4:. i*..< r-jUwii* m »e<u<«*|
lawgbter<m»ttlng[r*-j»rliMil. and is* *'•*',n\ tlmt  y  nu*',
Eeniie    Wb'ft   HowM.
net   eyj»»>ei»"i]
i-rowM frijen
*■ 1   '     ItitO    »tn*     ill.
ihWwi^-*-,* etun mendtno m* t been kiHesl. Hot IMs ts «enl«t at Milan I tatter nan ot the_e«mlng wss' ntmt
y% *    ■»,*,,..•   *., *
In tbe skaftng rink.
,.*»*,.     M* *     '   • '
will rive Fernlf \
iin  the els mh a of cards  and otber fighting fans an »w«m«i»iiy
■Ji  w-iiil  -ft!*"*-,'   •"tWM?■"*,■!*»
to *n
•til ih-i-
BMtrtat'Hie hmm, W 4/ltmmtmd '*e-J*?8*l,,,:11^*i*"•* ***?*"?*** •«•■•*••*I    Tie mlHi,-«*rp -tm** mnl* mkmt tm■>*«m»wW<*.,t»    F>"*i *«* *M »»|)iws*s.iII,iii.m.#  „ .,..,., , .., ,.   .
c«M«l laying bmtmm thn table *»i     *S* ^Lf^fi!? 'X* 'Ef t**toet »4 1*1* tm armed strtksr* ntn saM I satisfaction witb tbe eyeBlng'a enter- 'pugilistic art    These mm fmutht ten
ntoto In tbo hHehen.    Ho malMi i.,1  «5£?.\ 'J11"***- «*»«»• Omm- »o tie tn thn hills at tbs loot «f ltsnt|tnlnment    We mn ranfMeotlr predlet' re«n4s in MedMn« Hat on April nth.
ibo body ea<4 bmn* W* ante awitnet \ni*' ™",M !o Blv* •vulewsa other- inrs and Heevind e«nv«m« and nbv-e*'lbs* *b* l/**l ttt4** n> Mr*** mm ht- ims    ^*»«r  -ir.T,/*« r->- •♦,  ,«»•/■'»•-,-
l^.A^^'^..^^*?'****. ^ixne XMotoOo ono ttomtkenmern traeha.in fwaw tor «t*»t in tne etty nnrter iwi I rannt still et«im» that this was
tnslty to sue** snd Interpret,   tfpon tho twin crs» lo take out the twin
T 1
W   f\ \^T\Klf   Ken,;,-
IMIILL •»!.».' nm! Wim.- I{«*ett.
to llm. Otvoti. who had gooo In to
Mlha Mlrhohak'a hoosa. II* taw iho
wooMia oho mod* n stoiasntat aboot
th* affair, and told Mm that <&• bad
taken n title tnm d**ees»e4 and glraa
It lo Movo Morrison. Ho loand tho
rtflo t» • short at tho roar of Tony
yun>v*<» * Wi»w»«.
Qntnukwot bf iho Oorooer: If* had
UtitfCl'    km-ill   U*U*WhMh1    H-**H-nl    Si lib
bla wiie. *t%t woman bsd tho -mm-
totkm td hof^e a lav abiding eitltoa.
hrtt dieotaietd'* *bimi>ta*ir wen mom
too good. Ro hs4 previously b**e
ehanred with atlenrjued mordsr The
patftilM hbt t»-#<if man^H ahum iln*
tho rsumptlon iho (ntarptnstor was
plaeed opon oath. The srttnosa.
throngh Interpreter, gare a y#rr ram-
bllag slory of tho pneendlngn. ott*
mhtmtM% cn'tila vurtLuiUS ■ni  ws'-il-
sutiNBoats snd doay-|
tho preset diredhM of Ws present not right, aad bas t>#*n «*fy too anal
ofnnals     May   t-aecess  a«tead   their ous to meet Jones again.    IWhIi men
eyery effort.
are keen, clean fighter*, and ><»i may
Tb* master meebantr and det|»atrber| We are uleawd to learn ttom fieo 'look forward to a real fifteen-round
and sapertntendont finally took out Oiklen tUst * .'*» men who ar* not bout, olth the W«t man vitinins A
tho train. Tho entire -district ts la a all officials of tbe ronl company, havo prollaslnanr of eigbf rwsndt between
high state of oseltemoat Cltitens nre I almost finished a temrn* ot iralnlwg I ManRrM* of mn*txi ..r,,i MaeimfiiM
ii/tT.if»< >V,rm*«-Wes In TrtfOdad. jat the fww station     ltt*p 1oi<iowlng:ol Fernie, lor i j-turre «.-l L'i».e*<   »;ti
DiHimso foil with tho battlo rating I are tbo* qualified te art In tbe saving'owed* the main *"■*-:•
•s      I    »    1 l»Tfl*
Tb-eae beyai
w. i. nil isisiis
Iuv tvoV-«
mmm^   A   HNIIW
"^       .1. HWKKNEY
Prico AdmiactoB* 91 ctntt
""" DhBct tn Victoria HaU in tht tvtnfiif
Boitof Mhkh ta Stating Rink at 830
Woman Md Children Frtc
£ tlZJZ L,  i„Z     ^T \»*r**r 'Mn   (if  nny time  Juriuii lU^f li!*: i'   'A   t::f::r,:.   IW-y   JIartiu. * Suuid a ^l^.^i.  *
J£ j2StJlS?!S aZ~^m -FZV* filafowoaseata. haa too* platted aearlThnmas Taflr-   «« »• to he hoped thai fri*e« It th* best *tm- Ht the »renter
■mof««*Mioii *T tbe rrwtn/i»l o**Ht*\"l* tjtffcm ssstle*. end ta twee^sg': t a kttt, am %■**» '.hnmenaea tit ihh'.^tmn* mny be l«»«A.*c   u-   lux-rmSf
1. O. O. F.
Qaaatioaed hy tbe a*tla« ehW. lo
aatn Tbaraiay. April M. at 1 p  m
*b*n tha twfttaa* wtll bo nut-mad.
Tho poM asorteas oa Mooday e»e»-
lag reaeeietl tke fact that deoth waa
xoi%tttonf,d tfi.rouga, auverlwi  Jt Uw.
tho   ts«nts   of   the   strikers'   colony, topportanffr and keep fleorge batjr      j whora a plan Is an vi* «•
Sotersl tsnts are rsparted ow fire A  tetertam was  t*twlv*d by  Will    Aa tb* main tww *iil ive for th*
Loleot  reports nseatvodl  hat* un* *' Ke-nttee tsiftwanog h*m tbnft h*r *ms !'asMMKowiMglrt n-lnmiffr-r*''.1-".- -tt w**t
toatght.pioeoibo Ami at It. loetodinr! oat fatally shot near Uoattle I ara  Caaa4a   maami  tntM4at-t*a  ftw
ll istiUMitis. -mm atM*at aaO one imt*i    »tr»   N* 1*  'Usaenah mi -mmm ne>m*a hemor srtW h* v* ••--'it wmt
brachial aftory to tho loft ans.   Tho renrtotaat—Vaacoarer i5ia '"" m^iw*^»s«^rWmm-IM«ro <b* etewt      j*r» rordatir tatited to atteiMi.
Ml  fhMfenows  and   ftehekab*  are?     tj.'il l*tf,   infmf  rfanghvr nf  Mr
ta*ttm*wt*d to meet at tbo K   P., Mat , *n*.i   Mrs    Mark land   of  «"**»S  Creel
oa #»fmis? ewse-ls-r   A<!«r,t ftxk. **  Z'T*)- •**"**•* ti»*d tma %e*a    thm**tt tm
o'rtoefc.  to  attend  dlvln*   serttee  a.» ■ \r*"-t I-teb*
mi *******   thorrb      *»»**itinr   bretnrve      \ptn *-*'n. in* ia»**m •»•»•» i*t *    s*
;Hk»els    Fas-era! on April 12ri4 PAGE TWO
Uhaf Followed a Gut.
Magistrate's Wonderful Expert.
ence With Zam-Buk.
Mr. J. E. Arsenault, a Justice of tha
Peace, aud (station master at Wellington, on the Prince Edward Island Ry.,
has had a wonderful prqof of the healing pow-ar of Zam-Buk.   He says:
"Pour years ago I had an accident.
.' slipper: in the station and fell oa a
freight truck, sustaining a bad cut on
the front of my leg. I thought this
v.culd heal, but instead of doing so it
developed into a bad ulcer and latei
into a form of eczema which spread
very rapidly and also started on the
Cher leg. Both legs became so swollen
and sore that I cmld only go about my
v.ork by having them bandaged, My
doctor said I must stop work and lay
"After six months of this trouble
1 consulted another doctor, but with
ro better result. I tried all the salves,
l.uiuients and lotions I heard of, but
iiuttad of getting better I got worse.
"This was my condition when I got
my first box of Zam-Buk. Greatly to
my delight that first box gave mc relief. I continued to apply it to the
sores, and day by day they got better.
1 could see that at last I had got hold
of something vvhicih would cure me,
und in the end it did.
It is now over a year since Zam-
Buk worked a cure in my case, aad
there has been no return of the eaoma
or any trace of It."
Such is the nature of the great cures
7,'hlch Zam-Buk Is daily effecting.
Purely herbal in composition, thk
great balm Is a sure cure for all skin
diseases, cold sores, chapped hands,
frost bite, ulcers, blood-poisoning, varicose sores, piles, scalp sores, ringworm, inflamed patches, cuts, burns,
and bruises. All druggists and stores
sell at 60c box or post free from Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto, upon receipt of
his family.    Here
A dark, foul dungeon, with the
musty .beams of a clouded sun entering through an aperture in the wall
and revealing more poignantly the
misery of the hovel. How different
from our previous view! Nevertheless, ".ve are still in the land of reality
and not that of> dreams.
Our attention, however, is withdrawn from the inspection of the rooan
to that of 'the persons within. First
we see the mother; a tall, thin, bedraggled woman of seemingly 40 years
:ne rares't quality; and thai a home I °* age who is busily engaged In wash-
filled with the silvery laughter of that j anS- Her .tall -form 'bends back and
child is heaven. • lorth, back and forth, as she rubs the
clothes on the washboard.   Her fece
is  hidden from   view iby the damp
clouds of steam which rise from the
. *        ...   ..     , ...    , water in the tub.  The splashing "water
Braiidiniren<s. with the large biasing id lthe        ,     rubbing on the wash-
ogs   burning   Imshtly   in   the   hugs|board ^
hearth   before which the old mother j As we look   ,        at ^   face   f   h
is seated busily engaged in knitting, i W(man we can percelve  the   starhlg
I eyes gleaming sullenly at the contents
By N. Henry Seaburg worker and
What beautiful and endearing the creator,
thoughts does the mention of the
word "mother" awaken! What noble
qualities does that work stand for?
Love, joy, sorrow, goodness, mercy,
faith, gentleness and hope are all
ennbodied in that one small word—
mother. How sweet it sounds! Undoubtedly it is the most wonderful
word in the dictionary. Motherhood
is the fountain of life. Pitied ought
to .be the woman who does not know
that to be a mother is the acme of
happiness; that a child is a jewel of
How our hearts throb as we look
at a drawing which .paints, in somlbre
colors, the antiquated dwelling of our
A special correspondent to the Montreal Star declares that the experts of
Europe believe that a universal slump
is coming. This slump may beat tlie
world slumps of WOl and 190S.
Slumps in 190! and 1!»0S ami 1014
show that the .periodical crises are
coming swifter. Formerly they were
looked for every eleven years. Now
they are coming every six years.
Says the correspondent, ".Ministers,
bankers and experts are warning the
manufacturers and exporters against
.plunging into big enterprises, as the
world, they say, is suffering from
overproduction, and only by a sharp
reduction in economical activity can
equilibrium be restored,"
The experts -predicted the slump a
couple of years before because so
money workers were employed. "The
world in 1912," says Dr. Emll Brezlgar
of Berlin, "was in precisely the same
condition as in 11)00 and in 1907. All
three were years of unusually good
trade, dear money; low unemployment
figures, and exaggerated output of
Iron."    Purine _lAHL_llie—unenmloved.
Coivtentedness emanates from that
scene. Can we see a scene like that
today? Perhaps—.but very rarely.
The mothers of today are very different from those of former years. Indeed, we have two mothers in this
country; one the wife of the rich man,
the other the wife of the poor man.
The -intervening distance 'between
them is as great as the distance between the two poles. By the aid of i
our imaginations, let. us first, take a
glimpse of the rich wife, and then a
view-of the poor wife.
■figures increased rapidly till 80,000
unemployed were In Berlin alone.
Unemployment among trade unions
was eight per cent of the membership.
There is a certain gentleman frlond
of the editor of this paper who In his
own opinion, has solved the whole
problem of our -troublbiiB times, The
working class are too extravagant.
They want the very best. They will
hire livery teams of u SuihIhv to tike
their young ladles for a drive, lhat
is, the unmarried slaves who have not
a family to support, The workers,
Instead of saving their pay, spend lt
all. If they only saved their money
by living on peasoup, wearing very
Cheap raiment, etc., they would have
money to tide them over hard times.
This gentleman, who is but a specimen of our middle class economists
who have only a very superficial understanding of present day iproblems,
entirely overlooks the fact that
OVBRPRODUCTIOV, according to
the capitalist thinkers, Is the trouble.
If the workers saved their wagos
(providing they could live on nlr)
commodities produced for the -ron-
sumption of the working class would
remain on the market and overproduction would come all the quicker.
The Ho-cal!e.J extravagance of the
workera Ik what .prevent* the panics
♦itrlklnu us all the aooner.
Overproduction Is not the trouble
with uk. rnderooimtiniptlon U the
trouble, \\V have built u ny»btm
wh«r<-l»v prtrltH'tlon outruns distribution. The working < Ihhk produces ire-
m-enilounly. The -product of the lnbor
of the worklmr h-Iiihh Ik not <onmiin,>d
■liy ihe  vvorklnit class.    It  U handed
Reclining upon a beautiful silk-
upholstered couch is a magni'ficently-
gowned woman. Her entire appearance conforms with the luxurious
room. Furniture of the most costly
and rare quality, pictures and ibric-a-
brac which have historical records
dating back .many centuries, and
beautiful rugs and tapestry, whose
texture and appearance instantly proclaim them to 'be Oriental, give the
room the voluptuous atmosphere of
some Oriental monarch. Vases of
countless tiright-hued flowers fill the
room .with perfumery of the most exquisite scent. Straggling sunbeams
which evade the partly-lowered awning make dancing silver spots upon
the heavy rug.
Such is the home of the rich wife.
A shrill bark emanates from the
downy depths of a silk cushion lying
upon a chair beside tlie woman.
Hastily laying down her novel,'the
woman rises upon her elbows and
looks anxiously at the white, fluffy
animal burled in the cushion.
"You sweet little dear, what is the
matter with you?" she exclaims
Another  shrill  bark  escaipes  from
the animal as it raises  its watery,
brown eyes to her.
•• **T>nn't   ve"   fa°i ■ wall   i/ufay*    Qh,
over   to   Th"  capitalist   clans.    It Is! ,*."„. t«d«v "
nnilru-l   thrmiuti   lh..   I,.,,,,,,,.   ,.t  „„,,ll„l   ', ll" '"   lu«»J-
you .poor thing. Come, I'll caress you,
little doggie."
She gently takes thermal! dog from
the cushion and presses It tenderly to
her breast. Murmuring caressing endearments to it she rocks It as If It
were a child. This motherly caressing, however, does not allay the
whimperings of the animal. Licking
its pink nose and rolling Its watery
eyes, It continues the shrill barking.
".Melville, please stop your fretting.
I wonder what those Ignorant girls
have -been feeding you new."
The woman rises angrily, and
touches a button on the wall.
"Yes, madam," answers a trembling
maid, appearing almost Instantly ln
the doorway.
"What tiave you been feeding ..Melville?" demands the mistress Imperatively.
"Tlie same food as usual, madam,"
i« the frightened response.
"Are you positive? Perhaiw you
can tell mp what makes Melville 111.
then?" demands the mistress frigidly.
"I—I—I'm sure I can't tell."
"It appears thot way. You may
go."   The maid vanishes.
During this discourse the whimpering** of Melville had subsided. Nestling In his mistress' arms he had
closed I'ls eyes and gone to sleep,
The woman gazes at his lovingly*.
Heating herself, she commences to
murmur tender names to It.
A timid knock Is henwl In the doorway and a nurse enters.
"Madam, the children wish to know
if you will go out for a walk with
"Tell them, -Mary, 'nol today, hut
•wiiib other time.'    You go out with
of the tub; <we can see the pinched
features, the ashy color of her face,
and the wrinkled forehead. We can
see the tortures of poverty painted
upon her features.. ,
Occasionally she passes her skeleton hand across her forehead^ wiping
the beads of steaming perspiration
from it. It is a mechanical movement, being undoubtedly the result of
mechanical thought. In fact, she appears like a .mkchine clothed in the
•modern dress.
"Da—da—da," comes a plaintive
and appealing voice from the corner
of the room.
The mother raises her head with a
jerk. A gleam of infinite tenderness
springs into her unseeing eyes. She
quivers as this keynote of humanity
recalls her to the world of the living.
A smile of gratitude and happiness
parts the thin lips. With the pathos
of a ,fond mother's heart, she wills-
■pers softly:
"What's the matter, baby darlln'?"
"Da—da—da," is the silvery answer.
She looks tenderly at ithe squirming
creature on the -bundle of rags upon
the floor. t A golden-haired child is
eagerly straining to reach a rag doll.
Its 'bright, blue eyes are regarding the
elusive object angrily, yet longingly.
The small, chuibby hands are vainly
stretched out.
The mother leaves the tub and
places the rag doll in the eager hands
of her babe. The child pressesftthe
doll to its breast as if to protect it
from some unseen danger.
Wiping her steaming hands upon
her .plain calico dress, the mother
snatches the contented child from the
floor and presses It to her bosom
with fervid intensity. She strains it
to her .breast lovingly, raining kissed
greedily upon its round, smiling face.
Placing the child back upon  the
lives how much ,we work. Papa's been cut
of a jab fpr six months now, and he's
so -discouraged that he drinks up
everything he gets hold of. I don't
know, but I can't blame him much.
Try-in* to .get a job all day and have
every one say 'Nothin' doin' is no
cinch. It's enough to drive a man to
drink." .
A few minutes of hasty rubbing on'
the washboard follows this outburst.
"What's the use of livin', anyhow?
It's nothin' but slavin' from tlie day
you're horn till the day you die. Work
—work—work, thata all you do. Will
there he no end to it all? I wonder
where all the things that are made
in the world go to?
"What have I done that I must suffer like this? What have I done, oh!
what have I done? I have never
done any harm to anybody in my
whole life. I've always done the square
thing, And what is the result? It's
only gettin' harder to live every day
of the year. Oan there be a God? Can
there? Why don't he do somethin' for
all these poor people around here?
Oh! I'm beginnin' io doubt every-
thin'.   What a life this is!
"It's queer why so many people are
ipoor nowadays. Why can't .people
get work when they want it. Here's
Dick, who's been tryin' to get work
for the last six months, and he hasn't
got any. I guess there's too many
men lookin' for jobs. What a queer
world! I wish' I was dead. That's
the only time I'll ever get a rest."
"Da—da—da," breaks in the child's
"Yes, darlln'. if it .wasn't for you
I'd end It all now. But I want to
live—to live—and try to give you a
chance to .become somethin' in the
world. I don't want you to to be like
your pa and ma, and live in a place
like we do. I think I'd rather see you
dead than that. It's just the same as
being dead. Perhaps worse. Half
the time you don't have enough to eat.
You hardly ever see anything nice,
like the trees, or flowers, or birds, or
—or rivers, or anything like that what
you read of in hooks. Those things
are only for the rich people. Yes., baby, I'll slave until I die, so that you
can see those things 'when you grow
up. And when you become a great
man"—a radiant smile comes over her
^haggard face—"you'll not forget your
ma, will you?"
A joyful, rippling laugh from the
■baby answers. The childish laughter
continues. The mother listens to it
as if entranced. And no wonder!
What Is so beautiful and wonderful as
a child's laughter! What chords in a
mother's heart can thev alone touch!
Xo music in the world can compare
with it. ■ '"'■'
The solitude of the room is Interrupted by the occasional monologue
of the woman—either to herself or to
the child.
"Baby, I guess It it wasn't for you
-■I'd end this, life. Here I've been slavin* for the last five years at this tub
tryin' to make a llvln*. It doesn't
seem to do any good, as we can never
seem to live any better, no matter
As if by the wave of a magician's
wand the last scene suddenly disappears from our vision.   What must
■fl*sotk^e^llenti}'-«turn»-to^ei^wOTkr ire-roi^ttmiglrcrHsm^eo^^
and our feelings concernng these 'two
scenes? The first, a scene of the -opulent, indolent and educated wife of
today: the second, a scene of the impoverished!,, struggling and uneducated wife of today. What a difference!
One centres all her affection unon an
animal, the other centres all her
motherly caresses upon her child.
They are the two mothers of today.
In 1880-81 the cost of the British
army and navy was $125,000,000 per
year. It is now $380,000,000 per year.
Three decades ago the cost of social -services, national health, insurance, old age pensions, etc., was
?75,OOO,0OO. Now -it is $180,000,000
iper year. While the increase on -militarism has been over 300 -per cent,
the increase on social reform has
been nearly 300 per cent.
•Nevertheless the working class are
not satisfied. They are pressing forward demanding ever greater concessions. The ruling class resist, nevertheless they, have to yield. And in
the future their yielding will have to
be greater.
In Great Britain there are one million persons who pay taxes directly,
and there are eight million voters.
.To hold a majority of the eight million voters, Lloyd George is pressing
the taxes upon the direct tax-payers.
Income tax, super tax, death duties,
land taxes, these are the sources from
which the increasing revenue comes.
The source of taxation which is to
be increased is the land tax. This
tax will break up the big estates. The
idea is to establish a peasant ownership to form a bulwark against advancing Socialism.
However, labor is awake to its Interests. At the recent congress bf the
Independent Labor Party a resolution
was .passed declaring that the land
should be nationalized and treated as
a ipublic trust instead of being thrust
into the wasteful ownership of petty
In France the land is owned hy
peasant 'proprietors. With the increase of population the peasant holdings in the (past were subdivided
among the children till the holdings
were getting too small to support the
owners. Thereupon the French peasants deliberately cut down the birth
rate. Race suicide in France was a
direct result of the economic interests of the peasant owners. This is
what Lloyd George will bring about in
England1 with .peasant proprietorship.
While declaring for the nationalization of land, th.e Agricultural Laborers and Rural Workers' Union was
started. This union has a membership of ten thousand, It demands a
minimum wage, eight hour day with
overtime pay, weekly half holiday,
abolition of the tied house system,
For the first time in history, the
railway unions have compelled recognition by the railway companies.
In the big strike of miners (pending, the men refuse to follow their
leaders who are dickering with the
In the recent revolt among the
army officers, it is pretty well known
that the King sided with the officers
and court Influences were at work.
The British Labor Leader, commenting on this, says, "Soloing as the King
was a mere dummy and idol, he was
a matter of supreme Indifference to
us. 'But how that lie has become
something more than a figure head,
we must ^reluctantly interest ourselves In Him, and that interest once
aroused, wilj not terminate until hereditary government has ibeen entirely
[Wflnf a ■"■*" f*
rWTSj-fV- M WMJ"5	
If the king should lose his job, let
not the people worry. He has patented a turning fireplace, which can be
lit and warm one room, then turn
round and warm the opposite room.
He has sold this Invention for $25,000,
So under a co-operative community,
the king could be given a job as in
ventor. "
The workers are pounding away at
tbe armament trust and exposing It.
They are pounding away at the use
of the army in strikes as compared
with its use in Ulster.
It is pounding away at the" injustice
of the deportation of the South Afri-f
can labor officials.
Al^ along the line labor is awake
and active.—Cotton's.
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail    TobaCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine
The Michigan Strike
-A Victory
tiourwl th ron uh t\\e hopper of rn.|i|lnl-
!st   own*mhl|>.    Thi*   hopper  in tool
small.    Th*-  mon-  tht*  workers pm-!
*imt', tin- <jul<"k<'r the lio-jtp-)>r I* flog-!
■**>*!    Wlicti ilit> Iiii|>|mt In -flogged, In-
<l.i»H>   iuul- nml  tin* proluniiK rliim
«o workl*-** and hungry.
T'i<- -i>r!.i>v '«■> «li*nj.l«. ,\.'<..!!s|i tin
liopp-r of c-fpltMlInt c.wnorsltlp. Let
tin* workivn tin** produce, own and
•fofidiinx- "Ri»;n '**<• *ill hf.tr tin imir.*
-ij? ov>i,iiuiaii i-mi 1.1.nine,iik *,t!ii niii
m!*»<r» U'i- wilt im more t(*i* (lie
ir;»i'k* fa . oi wr-ii.-n uuti ihil.livn
going huiijir) ainl illi'lfid 'tiiTaii»<- (heir
lHi»!j,iiiil* mul fnihorn lt«v<* |tro'li|ii>l
*o  jis<i< vi   'A* altli
"Yes, ma'am." ls the reply, and the
mime leaves,
The woman -resume* her petting of
the fluffy animal.
St!..-.' !p tin. •1,1,!',* 0f M>v, f!,l, nii)V)i
Now that the Michigan strikers
have voted to return to work on the
terms offered by the copper companies, every enemy of labor will lauRh
ln ghoulish glee. They will figure
blindly that organized labor has lost
another crucial battle, and that beaten to a standstill they have eagerly
sought their former positions regardless of the terms offered. The •Michigan strike has been one ot ihe most
bitterly fought struggles In labor history,' and no means thnt could help In
Cie (rushing of labor, but lias boen
enlle:! to the aid of the Calumet and
Hecla and other corporations In the
field. The governmental forces of
that state have been dragged through
every slimy channel, that the Inter
ests of the mighty Calumet might be
The copper companies through the
prolific use of their copper-stained
dollars hsd secured the aid of governor and gunmen alike lo act as
their vassals. It was n fight between
the orimnluHl power of gre*d nnd
mlu'it ns expressed by the Calumet
find lleeltt. with their rnmlflc-iMonx
in  the large banking housen of the
Ui iu |IU« ,,w, iho dwelling of thejJ':"wt- -amI ,h« 1»w»»»«rity «'"» *«» *»e-
ly,make way for the coming of a bet-
The causes that lei to the returning
of the copper strikers to their toll
before they secured their demands In
their entirety, will not always (prevail,
If the copper magnates have learned
from the present struggle to treat
their men as human beings and not
mechanical automatons, they can figure their experience choap, On the
other hand, If they fondly Imagine
that they killed Ihe last npark of manhood in the men, and Impose their
former persecutions with added Injustice, they are sowing that from which
they will reap the -whirlwind.
ICvery fighter for the common good
lu Michigan should bow their heads
ln shame, that these men have felt
compelled to seek their work, bereft
of the right to organisation. The
shame Is theirs. The strikers • have
won the .praise of the world of Industry by their heroism In the fact, of
Insurmountable odds. That their victory is not complete, ran be laid it
the door ef Ferris and the government
lut MrtitiU tepotmor tor,—The Wyoming
Weekly Labor Journal.
Our Coffee is Good
We Handle only Fresh Killed
Alberta Meats      /
A trial order will convince you that they are the best and
our prices the lowest
21bs Creamery Butter 65 Cents
Prompt Delivery to Any Part
Turner Block, Wood St,
Phone 52
Best Accommodation In the Pass.— '
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.   -
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
The convention of District 17. V. M.
W. A., which embraces the Kanawha
 ii,- piM»r iiwii.   As *n outer A*? of  *T' ,h.!uJ, !hotti,a"«,l b<;!"*s'
th- ruWilHh.IUt4.rwl France w* nr* I w,,0,'* ?n,f. «*mW  WMtJtelr labor
««»<»«  uffoNtH   by   the   fon.   «*IJX7^ff!^
KlinK  were forced  to  impend <b<,|rj«laied demands thst are to be consld-
atrll,,.* lend In Joint conference wilh theoper-
I   v*...\t,,*... .... ..„» •.,..    v. ,|"«»i,s on April H. Tbo demands call
for an Increase of 10 per cent on pick
2*i:*-'i i !.**!s
•*■ **!«• ui-.i*,  rt-di iuul nne
?■(»-,»   .it    work   fit   end !li»»
,,:   uur jii*-»i'ii:   ;«ti,| funic*-
4*,<lii> *••      ' •
r , •.)> -.
TliiiU ■•».
uu*    llie    <ut 1 \     i ntnti'mlHv
n*a«if  i>v *
in.  MorMttK *r*|.t»« »h:«t nr*-
< <i|t-.i|)M   1
.   *,,■!.,„   V ,-: *,       ill      it,,*     **^|l,.
■t IfiiiiK H(inii>'iih*crM. W«« »tp|> liic-k
!?; ulnlvflv into ihe muddy alley—
«alii il   "Mtvi t."     litre   un   M-.t'k   to
r«litfiir<f our Iuhk* with the semi-' Thn strike was not loit. Xo man
j>*sn air iM-foii. ate t»Kjiin ntti-min to (ir mronii of men that «»v«>r make a
r-ntiT ilw itoutir. Finally, with «wif- 'stand for rlnht. lose thi«!r mnisslf
■ fii'lMit '(mru-. mui-tireit tut. «iM''vrti though th«\r mav he 'ftm|M>U«>d
ntoiur the »!alr* fo our destination. *"» "Hsln neek their work. llAiisrdless
An »f» r«vu-h Ok* f'rii* lindlim *»• ar"'f,f *''" tttt" that thf nvn mny have to
l*,i*i »n ih«- ik-H-of d*rkn*#« whlrh in»r- «•■><* "l» »'l h<>4»»' »t tlwlr Itnmedlnlf*
><t !«•* th« liitt-rior of thi'liouiM-.. tl*n* jorKHiilsatlon, tin* wroti*** that t'roniH-
•li t»f>ntM tin* tlour f.•*»<■(t<« it* *»• K»t»M <lH'lr strike will not asaln he In-
*   4... .♦,f*|.>   ..iM.1i   i-   ,|iri.N)v   »)t„   n;i. 'fl'.-'fl      Til**   f**thl»»)*-«   -i'-H   H*"-'-k   .»".-*
. t» >*:«<■ mf onr firm onf,  Thl* I* no lu-t.-kltdr*^ eomminle* lm** not li»fi Tli»*
it"'<»>>« •c-hhIi- nf nufi     Hi*re !H*«'" th>* '''•"'('"   uii«fi*rri»d      TVv   h-ivi"   *»-••n
'   sorely hit on  tin
mining and day labor, and n proportionate increase on machine work. The
cliiik-off Is doiiiaiiilcd for every mine
In Hie district.
flic Official
Tesfa show Dr. Price's
Baking Powder to le ■•si
fflfffcnt In sfreogBt, -M Makes*
jwily mil heaHIUicss
uriifli #ld* of f»*t»iH 	
it,iper. nnd th»-v do not *n*iiv tort•«! i    \\'bnt'# Ou« us»< of fiifferlnR from I
nn Inlnrv -rflmt  rrtrbft* ibeir npfif«'<.'hrnrthtiro mvl thi' oMht dls-Weeahle !
TVhv will imi nveb another indwstrlsl ihlnsf* mnwd hv Dynpepslfl end Indl-
MincKiiln' at llk-v nn^nHiule lv* ito- mv ■'■*«'*Uon, *14i«rBi •#** othr )o« the prifi-
n-«.:«»te future, .lege of u»ln* Ressll Urspeosla TMs-1
,,,   ,*   ^i(»  ,-,,,.,1   u*r in* a   irlf i mil  -'i"* •ruttlri)  ai uur Kl»h. WIIH Itte Ol**,
•*'•,,«.-,  .,...,«,;   •:   *    .*,,'■    *  ,,'       ■*•   M'r-.-i  rfiV *-\:i'AX.i' ll,.,-    ,'f l.tn;   ilnli'l
tmt tbt* wnenlflnn of thHr rle'it -t* relieve   yonr   utomsch   tmnhte   end'
:ro||«-iive hsrtalnlng estebllshed. but]make your rfltrstlon rasy, they wtHl
m Vi im i|,v icw  '«i!it'r*"> nd hvfrttt ."•;, .j' fi)*1! «i'« r-w-Jil'j'-Jii,'.   I'.1 ihi--) imt to ott,
iwunt    nt*   makln*   their   »resifnM«j>o« etj»eit th«n to, we want yen to
iktwwn in th<» wsn fac«« of the rhiM''•'" «* "nd l«t u» «1v# n«*<k yonr mon-!
,-  »    t»i„    n.-t'*-t.r     ni'tn'c    n-'t'tir,*,    nr-,-.-.-    t>V        \\'i     ttt-.tt-w    nlnl    *>,    *t,,**tt   t*lrtt*f
>t*i>*ponr.*. liohor has tfene miifh for I fnr others, snd what they nre mMn ot. j
'b*. Xitrhltm etrlkera. but thi»r>» wan Thst is why we have confidence tml
rnit-k   M   would  hsve liked  l»  hsri*>;ihHn. I
'■utoti- that renmlntd undone, ami many Anton* oih^r things, they contain!
crtMulsaiions thst donated ll»*r«ij|» |"-«t,»jn sn4 Itlsmmh. two of the grent- f
».«r^ tore*d i» withdraw th*ir aid in [eat diKf*«tl*e alrta known to medfru!
.nr-'ar tn m**f t*b*r t'ewund* in ivi'twhcc Tliey soothe and comfort tb* j
-vt'i nrtnnlatttloo * N'cm'i.^h    rtif*<M-i«   hfirthnrn   t».mt  'ff*1 '
* h.»rlfs Mciy»-r en-l tlw»*e oih»-r <t.**t jura, promot*- lb* aecrftion ot putrtri
•in- %-ho nrr at tht* fcelm of thr \V»■»• 'Mte nnd hfljt n.ike tbt* S«w«»ls reire- *
rm   fi*AmiUm  id   Ml««n-«. ncwi  nm  i;*r     \\t> tM-i»i»v«» tiwrn to l*e toy eM
(t-t.1 th«»  laab of «le«f«lr.    The fltht s *»(ld» the beet remedy for Indlfeetkm
•b*"i- k**** »*d-f. *»d the fettentsblp'or d>*f<e}»«U eaer »»de     We Wtewe
::■■■* h:*n- aho*n will U** tout in \i,+ A<w will ray ao. too, one* you hsve;
tinrifn' minds    Whst epoetin to h*.[its*il  the ox.    If yon i!o-a*t. thnt **>'i
fk Um* * fhmphafe of Um
;,h,i.. ttftx-tck todny will In ihe'«o»t you iiothlB*.    Bold only st the?
turf itnti to e more gto-n./a* uHoryt»*>.--r« ilmn ;.**«* k*%oll Ktonre. and io-
,,-   ,,*vr'f   t)-tn*   bt*i*r   t9tir-'--t   *■■•    r*   ''*'     • t.*-;   itntf     *   ,nir   :V)|v      TTir''t* '
t;r!in.,» j*:  (hi* time.    V  1* uuWcc'.**it-*. .".W, '«&* *•».! |i.»-w.    ,\, K. HiAd-l
r  that   twUdtrffv  t*t  Ji»n*»r.   »■*■»**■*,-.. -AMiv, f»rnir«1«r, VMorla  Ar*nee, Fef-f
••it   li. !<l*>'ci'i) <t«»f;ji)f|-!fi   *is  '• .I   •  •■■   il   r
h  '
In Our Big
Hard Times Sale
April 27th is the closing
date of our big sale, but
as we have not reduced
our stock to the extent
desired we intend to sacrifice the remaining portion at very cut prices
for five days longer
From APRIL 23th to MAY 2nd
Five Days Only
This is your opportunity - Call
at our store and be assured
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club HaU. Goal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—-T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 In K.
P. Hall, Main Street.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
at   2   o'clock   in   Crahan's  Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer. Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday.   Slok and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren, Sec, Can-
more, Alta. '
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick'and Benefit Society attached.—J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.3*9   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.  Mitchell,  Sec., Box
105, Coleman,
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in thc Bankhead Hall,
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached,—Frank Barrlngham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.-^Iohn
Loughran, Sec. «
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
•Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 949 ,
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of.each iripnth at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each n^onth at'10 a.mi^in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos, G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta."
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec-.Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. — James
Burke, Sec, Box 36, Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec.
Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corp. Ltd. of London Eng,
A. B. CAMPBELL, Dist. Agent
Miners' Union Hall Block       -       Fernie, B.C.
Alsbssdne is ess.
, Ur applied.   All
yoo (wm te help
you is cold wstsr
■nd • flat tmiih.
Alabastine wslls
lighter, mors
cheerful sad
.beautiful, ItwlU
W *H|   Pl-PiW   be&a^nt^
mine. Because
ft is a cement It
■ ■gtt.bssoa*]
I BUteltkswsUl
1 tottonny
Realty Co.
M i*<o*t*d wlth-sut rsm-sy
WWI oobwt o^Hm WWW*       ^^JHWMI^W-MP
wsBssfsthsr.iostssnitan*'- They •
ntn kratnkb He iasae! et dtaaeaa i
twrwca* Ike taenAkbesriiMwt.il.
Ahbastfaic om teem, nod wu1
want rtsss aH Alsbawimu.
Church'* Cold Water
Drapbtandlet-ass-fowyeiibsiu*- .
___M^_\_\   _^_^_^_M_J^_^_9   ^ |1      ^b ^^^^^99491*^9^^       g^j^aJjgM*.
wiwi Nn^wf vv niniwnii www
Youth & Socialism
k A A A A ft ft A A A A ft ft ft A ft AA A A A A A ft A A A Aft A A ft ft A ft* * 'kickiclrk w
By Isaac Goldberg
Youth is pre-eminently the time of
learning. It has .been said by. authoritative educators that the germs
for the creation of great things have
always been -born in the mind 'before
the 25th year. The mind, before'that
age, can learn with . special facility
the intricacies of technical studies,
the details of .-brain-wrecking subjects.
After that age, with. the growing re-
siponsibilities which adult life brings,
the mind untrained to learning finds
it doubly bard to apply itself,
Modern educat'on Is in the-hands
of the dominant class, which, we/have
learnecl to expect, will always, con*
■ciously* or unconeiously, utilize all
agencies to impress its way of thinking u-pon the world at large. Just as
"-big -business" dictates the policies
of 'modern education, thus training up
tire youtii 'nf the country in the same
ideas .which have brought things to
the present serious pass. "Give us a
■business administration," is the cry,
•because tnislaess is at the helm of the
ship of. state.
What is the result? The school,
which should have been the temple
of genuine culture, a place removed
from the sordid atmosphere of commercialism, a secondary home-where
all that is best in the world's history
should have 'been taught to the future
•generation—this place is in the hands
of sordid commercialism, operated in
its direct -interest.
In proportion as any study leads to
the.'making of a trained office assistant, so far is it popular with the
scliool board1. Gradully' the study
of the ancients, the study of art, -the
study of poetry, have been sinking
into the background, and bookkeeping, stenography, commercial Ian?
guages, like Spanish, salesmanship
and such have come to the fore. The
worst of all is that the pupils, coming
for the most part of .poor parents, hail
these innovations with joy, for it puts
them more in. the way of graduating
with a "practical" education, with a
better chance of getting a "job" when
the school days are all too soon a
thing of the past.
The pupils, .brought up in the dire
necessity of earning a living long before they should have to think of such
a thing, actually believe themselves
benefitted by the commercial administration when it is doing them irre-
paralble harm. How is this harm
The business man is looking for
cheap help. He cares for no educational accomplishments outside of
such as increase the office efficiency
of his hired- assistants. In fact, he is
opposed to culture and the higher
studies, for an increased mental outlook renders a hired servant too intelligent—too thinking to work for
small wages at disagreeable routine
through long hours.
.The busluess man-knows^ that men |    TJiav—faar.
reaches school, especially high school.
■Why are so -large a percentage denied
adequate training?
The -wages being given to our
Mhere an4mo'thers (yes, mothers, for
despite the assertion that woman's
place is the home; capitalism has
driven her into the mills and factories
aijid department stores) are so inadequate for the decent maintenance of a
■family that the children, too, must, go
to work, "Thus it comes about that'
the .women are forced to compete
against the men, while the children,
in many instances, compete against
them both, while wages, as a result,
go down to their lowest possible level.
This is one of the greatest charges
that -youth (brings against capitalism.
Capitalism has robbed youth of its
childhood; it has taken it from school
to toil in the mines and the "mills; It
has stunted its body at a time when
it should have been feeding its brain;
it has sapped the vitality of the future right at the spurce of life.
This perversion of education to
commercial ends does hot. confine itself to the public school. It extends
to the colleges and universities. The
latter, privately owned, are not meant
for the working class, despite their
occasional scholarships and their democratic tone. Here are not taught
purely ' commercial subjects, except
from the employers' standpoint, not,
as in high school, from the employee's.
Here is taught culture, refinement—
all the amenities of intellectual life,
for the express purpose of breeding
a superior class to take Its place as
the upper intellectual crust. These
men are looked upon as the future
elect of the world—their training, of
itself renders them unfit for average
•productive work.
Remember, we here speak of the
college and university as institutions;
in individual cases they have produced
remarkable, men and "women who are
taking their place in the noble fight
to change the damnable 'system, that
begot the misery which it is-for modern youth to eradicate.
Modern education, then, reflects the
ideas of,the dominant class. Youth is
taught what is^good for the masters;
teachers with radical ideas are hot
employed; if unwittingly engaged they
are discharged as soon as discovered.
Not even college professors are exempt from this form of free speech
■What is it, then, young Comrades,
that they fear you will learn? Just
this: They are afraid lest you become
class conscious and imbibe the full
meaning of the principles which we
reviewed in the previous chapter.
They are afraid that you will see
clearly how the materialist conception
of history is proved by their own attitude toward the school wherein you
are trained; by their attitude toward
the college which you never reach
learns nothing of the laboring-class
that made all civilization possible.
When it comes out of school, it finds
the* same militaristic education awaiting it. For although wars are waged
for the rich interests, with ".patriotism" held up as a blinder to the deluded soldiers, the ware themselves
are fought by. the working class.
In times of peace, through the control of army and navy by the dominant class, these agencies are used to
quell labor agitators and all efforts of
the working class to better their condition. They assume an anti-labor
importance in the class struggle, And
the better -to impress this "patriot-
militaristic" psychology upon the nation, the dominant class realizes -that
youth must ibe reached alj the formative perlotb-^ihat period of which we
spoke at the beginning of this little
essay. Hence, arise boy scout movements, with their openly military atmosphere, their teachings of obedience and subservience to the employer. Hence, arise institutions like the
Y. *M, C. A. and similar movements.
In all these cases, though the individual motive may be most laudable, the
impulse at bottom is a class Impulse,
antagonistic to .the fcrterests of the
class to which most of youth belongs
—the working class.
The newspapers fill the mind of
youth with sports, meaningless ftinny
lectures, articles designed to stir the
feelings of sex without causing real
thought—anything, in fact, but matter
which may lead to intelligent .thinking
about the real problem of the hour.
The church, as an institution, educates
youth in false channels by preaching
ue virtues which the upper class does
not practise but which it finds it
profitable for the lower class to
follow.        .   .'A   ■,-..-
'On all sides youth of today is surrounded by the most adverse educational influences. There is such a
'thing as, social heredity (usually
■called environment) and here youth,
as before hinted, is corrupted by the
very Influences which would lead It
If its elders were not immoral, youth
might not be. If its elders did not
smoke, youth would not know what
tobacco was. But are the elders,
therefore, at fault as individuals? Xot
at all. They are but the older victims of the same conditions into
which the children have been born.
And yet the elders believe that *by admonishing the youth (or leaving the
adtoionishing to the xreligiou» teachers) all will be set perfectly right.
•So, the root of the false education
of youth lies in the false system under which they live. Why does society
sanction smoking in a man and not in
women? Why the double standard of
morality? Why may a young man attend burlesque shows while his sister
must go io more sober amusements?
1 ■*■«■
es with
ist" Spoons
While you are eating luscious, juicy, tangy,
seedless "Sunkist" oranges, you are delighted with the
magnificent silverware you are getting for your table.
You always order "Sunkist" oranges because they are the
finest, richest, selected fruit grown anywhere in the world.
Picked and packed by gloved hands—the cleanest of all fruits.
Thin-skinned, fibreless.
Not a Seed in "SuiJost"
Cut the trademarks from the wrappers around "Sunkis."
oranges and lemons and send them to us. Select silver pieces
from our 27 different premiums. Every piece the famous
JRogers Standard A-l guaranteed silver plate.
The Rogers orange spoon shown above is sent to you for
12 trademarks from "Sunkist" oranges or lemons and 12 cents.
Trademarks from "Red Ball" orange and lemon wrappers count
same as "Sunkist," In remitting, send amounts of 20 cents or
over in.Postal Note, Post Office or Express Money Order.
Buy "Sunkist" oranges by ihe box, hall-box or dozen—from
your dealer*. V
Send your name for our
complete free premium sheet
and Premium Club Plan.
Send all orders for premiums
and all inquiries to use)
California Fruit Growers Exchange
10S King Street, Eart, Cor. Church
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy in our old line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends of the
earth and you know you're secure.   The best in
is always cheapest, and especially so when it doesn't cost
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want but come right
in at once and have lt attended
"^aWTHSre costTyThan womerFtomre."
He knows, -moreover, that children
are less costly than eiCher. He knows,
ln addition, that it is expensive to
train up office help in his establishment, and, therefore, favors all
schemes to.have that training given
to the children at public expense in
the -public school. And the -way to
see that this is done (In the Interests
of business, remember, not that of
education), Is to get a "bustnees administration" on the school board.
The business man knows that the
more .workers there are competing
for the same position, the lo^er he
can make the wages for that position.
The more common trained help become*, the cheaper It will be on the
market. The net result, then, of the
buBlnesa subjects (being taught to the
average youth in grammar and high
schools Ib to throw an Increased army
of young business assistants; trained
In office work, upon the market. They
nre forced to compete against one
another, and get <ln wages remuneration as low as untrained workers previously received.
The superior business education of
the modern youth does not raise hia
wages, Rvory dny one may read ln
the papers "Help Wanted, High school
graduate.   Start at $4 -per week."
Scf much for the trained youth. Hut
a very small percentage of our youth
thinking youth as well as mere work
ing animals, and they fear nothing
so much as thinking youth, Por they
know that youth's thoughts mean action.
The determination to make youth
merely Intelligent servants, to control
youth's thought. Is not confined to the
nchool; it ts evident Ifl every avenue
of publicity, be it church, newspaper,
or young people's society.
In the teaching of history, especial
prominence Is given to wat-8. The
student anxious to learn something
about the part that the working
class plaved in the olden days will
have a difficult task before him if he
expects to discover such information.
School histories were not Written by
the workingman, nor do they acknowledge Is historical existence.
The average youth detests history,
and rightly so, for it Is taught to him
(or lierl as If the only concern In the
.world were kings and queens and
wars. At all times the working man
and woman were the main support of
every historical epoch. But just as
their contemporary civilization forgot
them In life, so have the historians
forgot them ln chronicle.
The historical education of the
youth of today Is mainly a militaristic
one, Voiitli Is taught to revere the
greatest slieddurs of blood, whllg, it
rather than health and justice?
■The different education of girls goes
back, essentially to that same difference which caused the fall of man to
be placed to the credit of Eve. The
difference In educsitlon between the
working class child and the child of
tile idle rich goes back to the system
whioh engendered the opposing
classes, and will never end until that
system Is ended. . *
Education Is to youth the very
foundation of making & living and of
living a broad, useful, rounded life.
But Just at very birth you th is cheated
of equality In the human family, so
at the next Important stage, that of
his education, he Is permitted to receive only siieh learning as shall render htoi a moro efficient servant to
the exploiting -class. And thereupon
thrown upon the market,to compete
with his elders, he Is, In both skilled
and unskilled work, made the competitor of his father and mother,
while his steter (needing loss than he)
soon becomes his worst Industrial
enemy, and often replaces him as
stenographer, bookkeeper, usher, ticket taker, etc.
Only under Socialism will this nefarious competition for work and consequent lowering of life-standard be
stopped, Only under Boi-lnllum will
youtii have conquered the right to
real education .—New York Cnll.
Ladies' and Gent's
The Efficiency Expert
By 0. L. Henry
Now Ls  the time
for protection
Vou ennnot aff'oni
to lose whon   yro
Uiii    {ti'oiavi     Suit
In the middle of the last century care of them
economic conditions made It Imperative for the ruling class to abolish
chattel slavery. The slaves themselves eould not think of lt and fought
against It. asking themselves who was
going to take care of them If slavery
was abolished?
Hut "higher interests" needed the
abolition of slavery, hod to hav* It,
and put to work the "efficient business
spwlallit," who, In 1862. in <th« guise
of a  London (banker, came to the
They had an Intuition,
Nothing spoils your good looks wi
much as homely Imlr—stringy, dull-
eolored. harsh,   Nothing adds to good
look* so much its beautiful hair—soft,
„    -  -      „      ,-, ..    _,    silky, wavy and  glossy.    No  mattor j
a dim perception ol tbe uew whip. Tho,how biwitlful your hair Is now. you
fear at hunger is a thousand times j^ fmnr0v« tm nood look* by nilntt-
worse Uvaa t!,c aUiul jA}.skal •uii.,*. |jflproo„y   Hnlr   Uenutirier.    if  yourl
 ■—•"—■—— --'-• halP (8 homely and ugly now. Hurj
■meny Hair IU>nu<!f!<>r will m'tkf it
softer, silkier, glower, more b«aut!'
ful Itt every *#n>'. ■»«" easier lo put up
and "stay |»ut,"    Its rich ros«; odor
$30.00 up
Made to Measure &
order on the premises
It paralyxes the workingman's muscles
and brain and »ou>. and in most rases
mil hltu»ttlf aluue. bui  those huiice-
forth compelled to »ook to him for
dally bresrt.
Th«   efflelwit   business   specialist | hide* the uiipkwsaiit oily »i»-vl| ai the
verily knew what he needed, whot he hair,   It Is rightly namwl. It bi-autl-
wanted and how to get It.   Hence- fit.* the hair.
forth controlling money got Hd of the) Very simple to apply- simp!) spriti-
States, the bearer of a confidential let* handicapping f-«alar« of slavery, the kle a little on yonr hair each ttm« •In*
ter to tankers of the Union to the eare td the laborer, for« brushing It,   It contain* m oil,
effect thai: "Slavery Is about to no
iHiollshed by the war power and chat- ..„".;"JLr.'.7-"u-'^L*'V»r„'»I*.'t"i,'l»'.*« V»'^ hslr, nor darken gray hair.   To k-wfi
tel slavery destroyed.  This I an*]
Kuropuan friends am in favor of. for
sluvery Im but the owning of labor, and
carries with It. the care for ♦lu* labor-
i me eare ttt tne janorer, i rom tirusning it,    it «*oniain** nn on,
° *•     Now controlling n,«n*) i* organism!, «»;» *"> ^t^fl^jf1 Vfh^
fh"r understands Itt own Intrrrat, k<N>p« Its £lr. i or.*•***«»»> J}» J- J   k,>V
DeBurle & Company
Next Calgary Mrat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B.C.
worker*, who firodtiro thn monoy. an»
neons  rich   !:ith«>r  that   lniiuc'll;^''-
er. whilo <li<» Kniwoan plan M oix hy  „"' n!A,ni„.„, '.„ fh„ mtnm »,# »,*&»*. j|n««tniirt n» «'v*ry mn «l hair nmi
Bngland, Is «ip|<.| tmtrol of labor hy IS^ffiff AVr^atMAlJfK"^' ,Mttr^ ? ffl ts! I^lV
ooicm-lHwr ws«ri»*    This can b*» -loin*
1 by 0ontrwllln* money."
|    Tlio pfflclMit hiis!n«"« specialist li.ul
i soon xkitt thf'ro wns n lem offensive
| and a morn olfoeilvo lash ihan tho
actual pl*y*U-il whip; tie f*ar ot bun-
iii i«w«i»i!f,   in***,  tm great   r*-
iTt   ibo  t*otii!t«»u'«r*.n   of   t'n-   Vv.i'.i*il
mon interest. / ..      «f(m „.,.,,.    ,.„lir ,|,!ft Mullli„.M :ill. ,
.M.;u«*h»l...   ^,i.lr«IHi»« mnwy V*o"t%n hmfi Ul„ ^.^  lt.U(.tt ,„, j,,,,,,,
groxsos hi diror', proportion with t'uvsnr,w np ftlol<Itic<>«. I
'■ in-iuv,'     i r A''.'!' /*n,vl.i!K .li.'vWs*. niii     ,w#(!l   pr,,,,,,,:**,.,;,,!*-*   «-<im-^   s,i   ,-»,«*!■ *:j
nl! tho new  Invention*, which It l»:*l:-:w-hn-nw«  v*rr nnn«<i-->>i*ii hn*iXt*»  ******  I
,' '        "   ,        ,,', 9   '■'"       x'     -. iwrinMor toj«».    Ii.<nin»ny Hatr II**m- i
ami nm iiuwtrr *uh ctt«»iM*r, noi-d* « ^iitMi'""^^..!
"" -*   •     •'•   •   ' ■•*■-""-■• t ttlill   klMi   lililWH-f   *»l««»   i:||1W|WI,   IH-fWIl"  ll>TI,i*i*l,    tr..,*,.,.,.,   *   tn    ,■-",'-     -'in.    ••*    ,  *, . *
Htates by proelalming the Tblrteontlr «>nir:ir t»r«»co* owl iho offiHo^ hn*** * X.   A ,«t. * * *, Ut • ,„,,, u„m, .
A»ti'«!Mitsi.   litre is U; !;    ,,.„„, sprctalin i«*aiailn pnt lo work.   Sgton.g, an«l"in tlt!s"t<»«n onlv l.v' n*. \
"Nolther   slavery   nor   Involuntary;    |? i*, :X *m ante guoss that fow. If! jf, K, HuMabv. ■hnv-'f',.'  v!'-"ii \v.
COfVltll'Io, I'Xtopt   ilK 11   l*Ulll'!*l,*JM'!t'.  fi»r    ,,wv     *^»tw.».    ...r^ir.fA    ■*,   r*r-»r    <-hn»»t     "      '>-        -      i'.    ,•
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Afltnta fer Oliver Typewriter
Ca. Machines at IT etnts pnt
x. .: ,.;.„ ^,v *^*,„ »-Aiu,||«va «om in wnaM type ln very tew'-
boon duly eon\-k(ed, shalt eilmt within : n^wtjwiK-rs f« tho *4t*-n that sonno
th# raited States or any plAee an^ject. i imi- btUitu »*firl»ini!t»t a |iroml»#nt
to tliolr Jurludletton. liank.T ■.** i- «r.»«icl an Int-rvU-w by a
"ConnrwiB shall hayo the* powor to; very prom'tion: tifflcbl. Tlio iu»* *w
enterc* this artlcl* by appropriate - roiicy 'dH l«< •'"«*« law a inuplo *,t
loglslatlon." Hia)* Urfor* n*>r»B<mae.
•inst* fletcherlfe that fi»r turn* flme:    Tt,* ^*»m« fii**i»T tb+* hi.f «c>i-f..-«f *»n
Hit'l nt-** ti >ou can digest thii: "nhall   soil tit-.wruU'X lal*w»i-  »**»* Imi*i«'I io
•hare tho power."   That Is tho toga I: w«ri. tb** *vm» way mn^ornlnr t*mp
f. rr. ?   ' •
' liifSh h;n*t-luUat.
j    Th-it »•■» a!* ibe w»»H -mosainw ma".
itho •'}i*ti»**hl:**rl«B" sad the "chants-
bkt" could do f*>r lh# slarM, and tho
jffliLuujjgB|j|..jB!|..i-;»i..wj» <x« ..j',.i JlMoatlon ln still open whether thoao
H'.sim  tnA.n  tca-xhx   ktMlhti   hUhum;
All property h*k»ngs to the worker, |b#rsu»o mfffmdt*n*i** nt thfr fift
.-,    l„„l tmull**     »»»   IH     *OMt. 1
«  :.r, »,,,~.  »<iffiM kind of]
;ic**!;i «a« niadrt,   That 1st
Hardwire. Paint* and House
Cleaning Utensils
ri nuii: as    r» . "'l' ^ *t,yi lk*i*v u.-**-*-!. !**<•• *M*vi«at»« «-w-mrfy  wor*   no*   right   wli-wi #d«.*>
rbKNlC I-I O.   -L. * nm ot it. ■■-■-  -"--
.,'•      m*
jiti-i   A   ■*■•
tf't't' i» j w
*,!* )
I'myrfS:   nf   !:i*Vir   b.    tmv.tj:    bo<t j
hnwitbt  itlmut  tho fluWUr id labor,!
ttui,a* 'i i.t'kt .>..-;.9   4-i-xit*-   ii-tt* M+d*dl
. .   ,,. . , „.,.,. ,»,,.. ff*,',ff5- ,,f .,,.,., ,-- J
,t   i..,.'.4i*',i,iL   tho   humbtt uf 'Uo'bt*
asked thorasrttea  who   was  to'ink* or*" *o mt*r,t*y--S*w York fnll.
Utton nt Dki
rati fc» iyit<- *■' t a- t t»wr
!,,#   *.l   : ;     I    *      I ****    *
Ik* i#*!»r*l  ttm**r ti*
f»rt»*t*'i*-f   *• t   Ti*ii*lae
*y •..„(.;»■'*. J... ■■■ii"i if
ttw J«t*r.
I M^B*iWP™» *w9t^B&
'Otettonft l*t.
Grand Union Hotel
Best ofAccommodatinn
We cater to the workingman s trade
Ct A. CLAIR .-.; Proprietor
A Ledger Adt will do it
B. C, APRIL 25, 1914.
H    &h* Diairici &tbMt   ®
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Pernie, B. C. Subscription $1,00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of l>ook, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
to call a man a rogue or fool because he places his
wealth into a concern that will secure him the
greatest return, os, under present conditions, little
short of telling him he shall not live. AVe a,sk ourselves, however, if these conditions did not prevail,
what would, and the answer is: Just whatever those
in power can force upon society.
To the Members of District 18
The terrible tragedy which was enacted at Coal
('reck, on Sunday last, lias revealed a state of af-
fairs existing in that camp that does not reflect
very highly upon a certain section of the, foreign
workers therein. In all communities, there is. of
course, the extreme element, and the victim of last
Sunday night, although quite normal When not under the influence of liquor, was unfortunately anything but a law abiding citizen once he "became intoxicated, Out of respect for the dead .man, we
refrain from further comment upon his character.
The tragedy has. however, brought home once more
the fact that Sunday drinking and feasts celebrating (the occasion being tbe Greek Easter) i.s responsible for a great deal of rowdyism that prevails
ii round about this time with somo of our foreign
brothel's. AYlien drink is p;:rf:%ken of in family circles, there is seldom any restraining influence and
the parties will indulge in their carousing until art
abused nature refuses to absorb or sustain any
more liquids. With public drinking i*estraiirt is
possible, and for the benefit of license holders, is
invariably insisted upon. Coal Creek Club has received a considerable amount of criticism, and when
the man Arthur Green broke loose some sixteen
months ago, and shot into the Club, wounding one
man, the advisability of renewing its license was
questioned by some.
that drinking in dwelling houses should he discouraged on account of its insidious nature, stating his experience when the Club was not open, and
expressing the opinion that the camp had been
in uch more orderly during such periods as the Club
was being operated.
The trouble that occurred some sixteen months
ago arose; out of the Club refusing Green a drink,
as he was not a member. The judge, however, when
lie tried the <*ase, saw fit to make some very eaus-
- tii* comments upon, the conduct of the Club, and
llie members in particular. The sequel, however,
of Sunday night, conclusively proves., Hint those
responsible for conducting the Club, and the mem-
born mixed up in the fracas, wero perfectly justified in the attitude they adopted at that time. We
nre not attempting to defend tlio indiilRPwe in
strong drink. That is not our object, but wc do
wish to point out to individuals who are so anxious about the morals of society that if nn evil exists
tel us have it tinder public conl nil. We know there
nee iniiny who will maintain that drink was responsible and forthwith stnrt n campaign of abuse,
against nil who sell liquors or liny them, but it
would be just as logical to accuse the Church of
being responsible because certain parties were cel-
cbratinir n feast and ib-sircd Humeiliing stronger
thnn water to siir their religious fervor.   Neither)
The authorities have for the third time succeeded
in stopping military from evacuating Colorado. On
every occasion that instructions have beeu received
to withdraw the operators' guardians, an'outbreak
has been precipitated. This hist outbreak justifies
the belief expressed by union officials that the
military would not, quit, but would seize some pretext to incite the strikers, and they have succeeded. President White himself warned the government that tiie destruction of the strikers' tent
homes would not be tolerated again and that in the
event of an attack they w^uld be defended. Even
the International President's greatest enemy would
not accuse him of being an alarmist or trouble
maker. Just the opposite. John "White has-shown
commendable forbearance and discretion in handling this question, but flesh and blood does not exist that can tolerate the disgustingly brutal ^outrages of the coal barons. Tlie United States has
bombarded and occupied Mexican territory because President Huerta refused to fire a 21 guu
salute! And yet Woodrow Wilson permits the rav-
ishers of Colorado to destroy the only home and
coyer the striking miner has and shoot his women
and children. Shades of an enlightened civilization! Think! Youworkers who devour the latest
news from the seat-of war—think! Men must be
khotand bayone-ted because a recalcitrant president
refuses to fire guns at a floating flag--a piece of
silk or cotton!—the flag of freedom (!) under
whose protection the eoal barons of Colorado and
West Virginia murder, -maim and starve anen, women and children. Take note, you moralists! The
saluting of a flag is evidently of much greater importance than the lives of a few workers. AVe
hope and trust -fhe workers of Colorado will put
more trust in their rifles than in the promises of
Chase or Ammons.
The contents of this letter may appear somewhat surprising; however
I would appreciate your giving it your
earnest attention.
• There is- a movement on foot, emanating, as usual, from the operators,
for the express -purpose of disrupting
our organization.
Anyone .paying close attention,
more especially Local Union secretaries, will have noticed that there are
usually a number, of men who cannot
be -persuaded to join the organization
in time of peace, no matter how they
are approached, but when the time
for negotiating an agreement with the
operators approaches, many of these
persons need no canvassing, hut will
come forward voluntarily and join the
organization. Their reason for joining will be apparent to anyone.
.Vow, if you take special notice you
will see that such things are again
coming to .pass, 'lien are joining
whom we have every reason to believe are operators' lickspittles; of
course, they are posing as progressiv-
ists, •syndicalists, anarchists and
many other "ists," their main contention being that the U.M. \\\- of A. is
not aggressive enough. Be that as it
may, and even granting they are correct in their contention, I can assure
you many of these people need close
I am sorry to say that some of these
people iwho are selected by the operators for this special work are among
the more intelligent foreign speaking
men. This is a delicate matter to
deal with, but nevertheless it must toe
met, and I trust I will not he misunderstood when handling it.
\Ve are of late noticing some dissension, arising .-among the foreign
speaking men, unfortunately, influenced usually by some of the leading
speakers among,them, and are just as
liable to be led astray as otherwise,
hence it again behooves us all to toe
exfremely cautious and not be too
ready to fall for any .plausible stories
that may be circulated by different
members of our organization.
In Fernie the statement was mace
toy some Italians that their grievances
were not receiving iproper attention,
yet; when they are asked to specify
one case of neglect, they fail to do so;
Again, these people who feel
aggrieved are in receipt of letters
from an Italian In Michel, to my mind
with no good intention, and whilst I
may be wrong, yet I am of the opiilion
this iparty Is a Coal company hireling.
•We all know how easy it is to create race feeling, and It is an easy
thing for the intelligent foreign speaking man to make his countrymen believe they are being Blighted, but it
is all the more deplorable when we
realize this feeling Is created for other purposes than for the benefit of the
persons whom they say are slighted,
the purpose being aiding the companies to cause dissension in our ranks.
Officers of our ..organization are
very often severely-criticized for-their
actions; sometimes such criticism is
merited, tout it would be well to consider  that  various   reasons, can  be
The Trites-Wood Co., Ltd. : $50.00
The Fernie-Fort Steele Brewing Co., Ltd. .. 50.00
The Waldorf Hotel 25.00
S. F. Wallace 25.00
Ki?zut0 Brofc. •;. ,.. ■*> ....25.00
W. Esehwig  25.00
J. Ij. Gates .... i...,  25.00
The Pollock Wine Co., Ltd. '.*..'  20.00
Win. Mills ". 25.00
A. C. Liphardt -.  15.00
X. K." Suddaby .».. 15.00
A. Dragon ■;..... 15.00
■ •••••
.1. Mclntyre	
Robt. Duthic (valuo)  	
Kefoury Bros.	
A. Mac-Noil (2 prizes for men over 40)
G. F. Johnson ..'....
Mi-Lean'* Drug & Book Store ..
Lawe & Fisher  5.00
J. D. Quail   .... 10.00
Alf. Dragon (1 pipe) '..., 2.50
Ktler Harper    5.00
Sam Lockwnod (for woman over 40, 1 prize 5.00
M. Smith  2.50
Bonnell & Cowan  10.00
II. V. Mark   5U»
Wm. Dukolow  5.00
A. W. nioamU'll (2 lacrosse wtrieks)   4.00
Wm. II. Muirhead & Co. (shoes)   5.00
David Martin  2.00
Hobt. AdiilHMili ,  2.IW
,.«..................... *.. llxl
by these men have been absolutely
unwarranted. In nearly every case one
of these special officers had first
pushed a gun into the prisoner's face.
The shooting last night, when a boy
was killed, shows the result of giving
.power to such men. It is a shame
and a disgrace to the police department of the city that such conditions
are allowed to exist."
All this Is pretty straight evidence
of the character of the men employed
by the American iJlafia. And when
we realize that one agency has constantly In its employ over 5,000 of
these .men and that another agency
asserts than in one very minor strike
iu New York City it supplied over
1,000 guards, one may gain somo conception of how extensive the ramifications of the Mafia are. A nmntoer
of agencies have been in the business
for forty years. And, from the testimony taken toy various United
States commissioners, it is clear that
there are hundreds of these agencies,
each of them employing hundreds and
stmetiuies thousands of men. Before
the recent inquiry into the conditions
in West Virginia, made by the United
States Senate, an agent of thi Mafia
testified that in the Mills Hotel of
New York there are hundreds of
strike breakers ready to go any moment to any part of the country,
-."All I have to do," he declared, "is
to go" to Mills Hotel No. 1 and put
my hands up this, way and whistle
twice-,'.....- . and Mills Hotel No. l,
in Bleecker street, will toe,emptied in
two minutes, every one rohing
down with his package. They won't
ask any question but 'When can we
leave,?' That is the main question.
They know it is a strike on. That Is
what they are doing there. In Thirty-
sixth street, uptown, there must toe
60 to 70 per cent strike breakers
there. If not, engaged In gum-shoe
work or what they call detective
work, and so on."
The character of these professional
strike breakers was made very clear
a few years ago In an annual report
of the Chicago & Great Western railway.*; '; '"',.
"To man the shqps and roundhouses," says the report, "the company w-fas compelled to resort to professional strike breakers, a class of
men who are willing to work during
the excitement and dangers of .personal injury which attend strikes, but
who refuse to work longer than the
excitement and dangers last.,-,' . .
iPerhaps 10 .per cent of the first lot
of strike breakers were fairly good
mechanics, tout fully 90 iper cent
had to be gotten rid of. To Ret rid
of such men, however, is easier said
than done.
"The first batch tthlch was discharged, consisting of atoout 100 men,
refiised to leave the company's barricade, and, producing gunt aod knives,
refused to budge. The company's
fighting men, after a day or two,
forced them out of the 'barricade into
a special train, which carried them
under guard to Chicago."
Here was one gang of hired thugs,
the -company's fighting men, called
Into service to fight another gang, the
Crow's Nest Business College
IK W. Bennett  Principal
■■■^^^^mimm^mim ill   ■■—■   ■■».■■■.— ^—_, { . H        I
^Free Competition
Two non-transferable Scholarships, each for Three Months'
Free Tuition, will be awarded for the best two papers explain- •
ing reasons
YOU have equally as good a, chance as anybody else. Because you are a poor scholar do not let tbat prevent you from
trying: ;
It is NOT by the literary style but by the originality of the
ideas expressed that the papers will be adjudged.
This competition will close May lst. •    -
For further particulars write to the College.
P. O. Box 574
Fernie, B. C.
Plans and Specifications Furnished For
All Kinds of Work
drink nor tlie ('litiivli wiih iv*pon<«ihJi' nnd il  is!
•it    •   i  .    ii -.i tt*,     ■* , .J. F. HudiiH'ki
illAuienl   to  liliimi'  cilln'1'     Tin-   forinoi'  *\o*"*  nol ',,   .. „ ...
: It. ItitwNon  a.i»<»
-wiciiumire  Kiwi lo drink on  ffii«l  day* mid llie  |, j|   ,\|«|)oii|falI    2.00
lo't'Wfi* *]*>!•■* mil wnii< iiH'ii lo t'ft iliuiii*;   it i« thi-'John PotllihltiiK-ik  15.00
poorcKl publicity ciiliiT can roee'ivo. The 1iti«i>dy is! •!. Ai-illu      7.">0
the refill of a system that permit* llie manufacture j -^'-"wii- Hrox     M.-fiO
of intoxicating liipmrn for profit.    If a h.w wm.!,,ow V,mn  *     2r,°
i tii reduced to prohibit the tiiiinnfitetnre of mtoxi -  .     , .    .,
> headway  in  tin* n
.an!., diiiiilieimevs would pin.iically «•«.«*'..llivw.j|MMrt| crty next «wk with purtieiibm
them 'being the reason that the more
feeling worked up against the officials
the weaker becomes;the organization.
It would be well to remember that
It is but a short time since we knew
for a fact that there' were detectives
on the payrolls of some coal companies in District 18. Again, when w,e
consider the article By Robert Hunter
in this issue, entitled "Industrial Baron's Private Armlei*1 which I woufB
like every member to carefully read,
we can safely say-wr would beAmote
surprised to learn that there were no
spies in our ranks, than to hear that
there were one to* every fifty.
Our membership should seriously
consider the demoralizing effect of
unscrupulous agents In -both our Industrial and -political organisations.
It should to my mind make every
member Interested rather tlmn Indlf-
feren;; active mthe-n than careless;
regular at .meetings rather than Irregular; a fighter rather than a fault
I don't mean by this that members
should not genuinely -criticise the
work of their officers. Par from it
We should not be where we are today
were It not ifor some men attempting
to point out others' mistake*, -but
what I would like to see among tne
membership Is a growing feeling of
solidarity and Interest In the organ!-
nation's affairs; lei each man say to
himself, ".My working mates' concern
Is my concern: his troubles are my
troubles, and we must join together'
and work together and educate each
other In order to emancipate our
class; our policy must be straightforward and above board; hence, having
naught to fear." But again we cannot be too careful of this creeping
crawling bunch within our ranks, who
are void of conscience or honesty;
whose hearts have lost all its warmth
nnd are merely serving the physical
■Utippniu'n: who kill or malm man, wo
man or child without scruple. This
hideous monstrosity Is our deadly enemy. Again, It goes to show how
Pharisaical some of our employers
are. Somo of them pose as great humanitarians and philanthropists, and
yet tliey are fully cognisant of the
tiling* I have Juki written- cognisant
of the fact that their hirelings shoot
to kill. Can we forget the Christmas
catastrophe at Cnlumct, and the re-
, ....        , • .i eent happening In W«<st Virginia, Vo*
«witl I'linimitli'K it* iiiakmtr rupul i lorado and Vancouver Island?
rrnnitemeiil* nnd billn will  be*   '" conclusion 1 would again ask onr
Evidently the gunmen of America
are pretty dangerous individuals even
for the American capitalists to deal
with, and in time they become as troublesome to the big corporations as
tbe mercenaries of the Middle Ages
eventually became to the dukes and
lurlnces of that time. It may 'be that
large,-employers -will ..find the support
of a (Mafia is in' the end more costly
than to pay hard-Working men decent
wages, and It Is not unreasonable to
think that the time may come when
to deal with the Mafia will be a far
more troublesome matter than to deal
with unions. Certainly, the Mafia Is
becoming a very rich and powerful
Institution. It is probably that tt has
constantly in its employ more.men
than are enlisted In the regular army
of the United States. To support
'such an army means the levying of o
heavy tribute on American industry.
■■Il'—■— -■m ■■         wim
[By George D. Coltman]
Capitalism: The wealth of the
owning clan. What we call capital
I* the surplus -product of labor, tbat
In, will tbe value produced by labor
In excess of the wages received; or,
what is known to Socialists tl the
"surplus value,"
jOo-operatlon under the ostein
known as the Rochdale plan only divides ihat surplus with the ultimate
consumer and makes no change in
the system, and Is only palliative
treatment of the trouble.
Cnder the development of caplta-l-
lam it haa been the cooperation of
the owners of capital, under tht legal
form of corporations, that lit enabled large capital to operate witn
unity, and as production per worker
has been so vastly increased liy the
aids of machinery and scientific methods, fhf siirnlus prodtiet. ror the value
produced In excoss of wages, liu» been
enormously Increased.
N'attirally this Increased production,
under thw wago system and tho law
of supply and  demand,  with labor
power as a commodity, labor hm not
been btueflted, but capital has reaped
all of the Increase,    This has (level-
oped the -trust, or corporation of corporations, and at present the merging
of all these Interests Into one grand
International    interlocking"  bunking
This has been the method of wclal
membership io coiisMlVwUat'l have evolution, and ns this has been the
stated  and  wlieie-.tr possible  weed i**>' """ natuw. or the laws of social
Fernie, B. C.
Drs- Bonnell and Corsan
Funeral   Director
and    Embalmer
Headstones Supplied and Set up
BOX 14«
dividends, but for a collective capital,
to enter into banking and financial
new industries, and thus building up
an Industrial state inside of tbe present political atate, and laibor could
thus rapidly aggregate to its central
banking capital all the surplus value
produced, and once in the complete
possession of one single industry, they
could offer their goods to the public
at & price that the overcapitalised
Industries could not possibly compete
end pay Interest on their watered
stock; or, on the other hand, leaving
the prices ns set by the corporations,
but offering wages to labor 30 per
cent higher than the corporation!
could afford to pay, there wouM be
no skilled -labor left them to exploit,
and by either method. Industry by in-
dustry, the capitalist system could be
wiped out, and as the etock of the
corporations paying no dividends
would be only waste paper of no value,
the present monkey and yacht party
parasites would have to come to the
mills, mlnea and factories, now owned
hy labor, and ask for work In order
to live.
I don't need to elaborate on this
ldta. It's plain, dear, practical, and
will work whenever the workera want
to work It.—Sow York Call,
Classified^-Cent a Word
from high class heavy laying stock
tSbeppard't strain); |U0 per sitting; fertility guaranteed. N. Ken-
«fdy, 1*1 Howland Avenue. Fernie.
Kmployment by day or ns maid.
Apply Mrs. A. THm-tr, opposite
West Fernie Kchool,
BICyOLEJ FK>R SALE—-Practically
new; "Perfect" make; a bargain.
Apply, Ledger Office.
FOR 8ALB—Barred Rocks, Rhode Island Reds and White Leghorn Eggs,
13 for 1,00; eggs guaranteed. Andrew Ooodwin, Bellevue. 170
FOR 8ALB-I500 takes the lot; 10,.
000 shares International Oold Mining Coy., Stevens Co., Wash. 1,000
shares IdalwxMlnerva Mining Coy.,
Denier Co., Idaho. Terms. Apply
Shareholder, c. o. Bditor this paper.
FOR SALB-CotUge with water, Lot
6, Block 84, -Fernlo Annex. Terms
cash. Apply W. L. Phillips, P. O.
SIM, Fernie, B. C. 191
Barred Plymouth Rock and
t. C. Whlta Leghorns, $1.29 par
18 sggs. White Wyandottss,
•1.75 par IS tgg*.
10 C. »M«TH, Wardnsr, B, C.
,    , .    .       . , . „    . nini,  nnnnn       <>."" i l'(M''U(ltI'll   IO   Wlll'l'l'   lit*
... Un. l.u«i»'^ t» ^k»wi^ »» t» lh.- n%»nlH.r ssJ ^l-r«fv | |p| .„   <.(ir„w<.|lll (H„,„n Hotel,     .VfNlj    *<— «*• *r-
■»vli»t l»*<lil «h?iw« in hi^iriti-f t*oix**'*tta   end •>•> w**t* ' '
.Mtiiitiiii tt, tuitii ..... im* u»iui(» lor ryvit* nntl iii.isi
ti .-.nu'Kfi t «..„ id*i.
It. I'nnmelln	
iltvi.itrfiff.it 4|iin-| Oil* fur'll  'if itivpeti-rv-nt   ft,unit  *\ryr
tii'ulitr fnvnr \vil!i llie Hinrtlimcn!    A nwnWr n"
»*«*'H-»1(*   t.F*»rif   Ipus-n^fiirtl   MMifl   *ixiiini*«,-«ii*«l   -wmmiM'   ','«-h, - ,.      , ,,
,     ,  .     . . ,.„    .t       .    ii « « i     ' Ml'THimer A. .Hurtm .
ileritlcil oititiMiw.   Why tliev nIioiiM tnke mihi »-x-  ...   .   ,
1        , . .       . . I \\. A   iiifrrutH ......
,**..(»t*t„|ij it*, o «"l*>r<?rt*nnn nn"»*«>tui«? m* m^rn'V >.t» n
. . . ,. . . , tt**'***'**  *->    »» 1.1,,,-HMrtll,    ...........
iir«*u'iitir eiHU'i'ni xve do noi know, nml m fwr «« xxo A,   .   ,.
.,   , ...-.•     I M, A. hii»tii«r	
•.re ,o,„,ri„,l il .a «« ffre„i..r enmo U.««» ■»;••«•••«jT,M. Vrm-% NVM ln,y     »•„, htl]
i», ii ii«f«'fi» iiieilifine f(in<eerii nr ftli nriit* fni'tory.' ,,,.*».,, 1/% r^.,
_,..,. ..in ■ i •''•**   •"'   I«hIiI    III.IUI
Thn iviiihhI* it* ttt another dioeoverj' iiuhI** «*mu.i     ,.   ., .. ,,
ti-ii \;*,.r* iwx in EnalatMl. vir..: thnt t\mtf n mini- ,        .    ,
iur i,  i h*.iri-liiii»-ii x*t'rf )nli'rt**tf<|  m tin- Kyi ■•-*,**   ,,   »,-.,
.9.9. *«>,'. • t       t .■*. 1 I     "   '      " "    ,'*,»        '   '   '
Powilff fiompanv.    Tf" x>e triterwett fnr fhr. %tiVf
,^-,-t,-.. iMJi.it hi ^*L  OAhUttn
„99W9 w J.iU'.-i   >Jt),jftt!   .',,«»   Hi   *UMkn   \ft(i   lii
PRIVATE ARMIES X* pw*««. and the murk laifer part
l hn* gone Into the possession of those
-. mil        Robert Hunter in PMirtan's        i ^ °*u *l4>lli *"> {b* vorporaiioiis, or
I"", "'" !   A i^!^«T!^MtorSirty lni»»»r tnM tHln to lands, mino. or
four lw»x*'« i-tiiftrH   H.4Mi;t1i«> Vnltwl Statea Secret Servlcii. les- f^,J^n.?',.,nf'?,..!*"fl?!M!1^ {W arf
" " ••■•'••    ;'•;;•[ t'hinn. ike ^dMecVl^ two ^ m Jf Wjj'tWJ *> orjwnltc wWt* R
 ».«» of ih<» ennk " . . . "There Is not one £?:-!A*_,!*> ^M#.!° «»J?Iojr.»»elf. m*
to  have  their f
for   made-to-ordsr'
up  Hate wpplled
match wits, any
Tailor*, over Sic-1
Sior*. W*> i
> si-cumulations of capital, actual, flc-  PBtJlORBR AIRKDALBS—I  have  ■
t H'tmim nr aeatt*n**t   ta t>tt* martini*  nt      tew    tie*     tbortsr,***.!***,!   am/tteaee I
riaPor which  hss received from or-|   Airedale Papa and grows Dog fori
Rttil Whlto Wyandottss
Dorcas (141 eggi* strain
Pan l.—Headed by a son of
a 321 egg hen.
Pen 3.—Headed by a grand-
ton of a pen which averaged
tib egg* per hen for the year.
A few settings to spare from
these pens. 13.00 per setting
of 15 eggs.
Coleman    -   Alberta
mim, ama *■*. otmn.   •>%. twtttd. I". *,
f'i'Mrv    *  Vl'
*<f j»*v*ni in ji riiiitirii lli«l ru'i* -fM-i.•$>]■■ l.y ililanlix-if,
th*etn inlo lwli^vinf that « f>ertaii» «j. -<-ifi« U h
*'*nr.' all.** is very tIfttr* msne thun lifintj tntt-r-!
• %«i*.| in ji cone-em lhal iniiniifft<lur»*« liijiiorn, or a j
fm-ii,rv t't.tf KMriufnctiirri* m-n}*, U, kiH SI-.-,vv i"*!
IIh> iJ'tiTf.-rriH-*--.   For tti**\ tn *■•*.'. ""i. ini! •••,»',..>i;,
lllll'    ittH,thl-r    *•<   lt»ll)|    H*   t U«-V    JlVf    !••*! H:>St,.,|    In    i,\\.\\
iVihn" 1 .-iitnoti-r**   I iiiutj
om of ifn ihat would not eommlt m«^; <*«• T!T1t0 \l* e«,«rtl'r» <>*"**•
«^r; ihat yon ronld not hire to torn-! **P •" ••**•,»«•«» pwdwod, not by
mit munler or any other ertme,"        (H??!""^"^' '»'**•»«'• •MHalmln*
;, im    A detective named Lo Vin declared *J» -&**«d™ 2!lJS'lf."!5 -,fr
.'.ibefore the Indus, ri. I Commission #\Wftt*<mblMpi*mt^b*brt+
Ml- fftlreJ ttUWm Uut tlvere wcv« Je-!«wFi»f tkia mtrpFm pm-tw', nc? for
•In imi it«ettv» agtndet where mm comtd'•*«*• iiigus^*ui^^i«.t|L..!tj,-*^agMwwBwaia»iii
'filov  tliiiifK  tn  Vii   »tf»  unrhoflt    Am njr/llP6 r-QEUrtf »tlf tltnm
•1-t "•>•!..■«•  >#8rs tito   tbr   lal#   MinnW.tnt*\i^»yt<Wdfil«tVfiriUJ-Mti|»
IHenn* Stelnert nrew rerr IndltMnt |iBP'ftl/K 55¥****^&*7**Mm^M
t'«.ll.-.-!.H^     i-iwai  m* imin* comevaaum-r mmw Irtaatttt*: Ita v*twa wnt tnttn; ttewam^Stt
. i   i.    .. - -I...I.I.I i    .,;.  .. ,        i sofrlH to furnish police power <o tbtmtnwnurtn-t*i■ ■ ~ --'-
o.«l tAL*,,»,« »1i.miI«I I..- vix-v, u, „.|.. ,,„,.,.,, offIcH, # lluul, ^tam ttian.!^£%:/
T. I'liliili. ui».. -.nt, 9,iHi*>*t-noitl*,imt1tk.aomeotaikom*^Mjnl^^
**• >"-iit  liiri'i-t  l«
I).,   .-
Henry Stelnert grew very iadhraaiit j■tjg—M-f.»«ri tiiM'&Jii~^»iiifTiir>¥i
'n i-mrt over fhe shoollnf of a y«m* BtRf^S^JT^gSSKVR
'sd by ih«« *0ec-l«l omtftm. Oa-fljOtthsil-a^-niiiils. ....^.
•I think it m outrage." he itthtnd.IfHO^HONOL fOUlfflf.H».*SS
■ihai ih.* i»ll« rommlaakNier is on-JIS^^^J^Ci!JUjSVB{
kitirti to furnish police power to UMMMi*affl-^:at<m**--»piMiM|w*m. Iishia.-se
..-.M! office., mau, uC ticm tMru!^^:/ -;;,;!^,,-^^^t ^^
wnmff murder "for two dolTsnt, Most"
i.ii tin' am-*'- which liave been made
POR «AI.B~«pl«idld R. C. RhodS le {
land Rid Ooeherals. 1171 oach; al-'
in  W   f   fl»it»^  Wiiti*   firea  tor*
hatchlnr. tt T5 par setting, is chichi j
guaranteed;  laylag roeorda. east
be beat fm* this Westara climate. (
Apply Joo. Stephanaon, Bon SI, Cole,'
POR HALR—Hoase coetoialnt four
room-.',   cUtU<".'   «taaet,  taHet  toil
tilek; price $tUM.   Apply SS Mc
Vkrratm Ave IT?
POR 8ALR CHEAP—I roomed Piss-
terot House ee half lot. Terms te
nH pmelmaer. Apply J. Btv-trMge,
7» LtwHey Av*. Aloe two tooom*!
PkMteriMi Hoom on half lot. Apply
J. lleaeridg*, f? Uodttsy Ave.   m -
Fnr ult at BlettdtlVe Oruq Here
TKAJ*  POR *ALK. Miubt*,
for eiprmnt pnrpmnit.   Apply f^Nfsfr
Office, ir*
Prom Ette Lumber Co. mill
l-JJ JJUy.*BM«U*llJIJ,ni4ill!.lH4.,>'
Usual Prices
Fernie, B.C.
OffJee? Mefntyrt's tarfetr Shop THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., APRIL 18, 1914.
News  of The  District Camps
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada get with striking Nick Hunczak on the
lst 2nd 3rd 4th 5th j bead' with a shovel.   Nick was fined
$10_and costs, or two months in Mac-
Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Johnston's two
.boys, James and .Charlie, arrived
4iome -from .Macleod last Monday evening, where they have been spending a
fortnight with their aunt, Mrs. J. C.
Miss Lizzie Crawford, of Crambmok,
spent Easter with her parents in
President Smith, accompanied 'by
International Board .Member Rees,
was in camp this week end and addressed the meetings.
'Mr. 'Pred Beal, who had secured a
position at Frank this week, moved
his family to Frank.
Quite a large crowd took In the
dance at Hillcrest on Friday night,
Tom Marsh and Fred Parker have
left camp and gone to Frank, where
ihey secured work. They will be
missed this year by the football team.
Bob Dicken has quit this burg and
'has started to work at Frank.
Tom Burnett .was a business visitor
at Lethbridge this week.
A shooting affair took place on
Wednesday evening at the Hlllcrest
end of the Frank slide as a result of
an old fued among some foreigners.
Several shots were fired and a knife
' was used in the fracas in* which four
men took part. One man was badly
slashed, in the cheek but none of the
shots took effect, Oh Thursday an
Italian from /Maple Leaf gave himself
up on hearing that he was wanted by
the ipolice, and was put under arrest
>for shooting with intent to wound.
He was'let out on $100 ball.
The boys of Bd. Geary's gymnastic
- <c!ass   haVe   decided   to   hold   three
meetings a week, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, at 8 p. m.
A class in first aid -has been opened
in the school on Sunday afternoons
at i o'clock under the leadership of
Dr. McKenzie.
The following Is the weekly program at Bellevue's busy Church:
Monday, 4.30 p. m., Junior Epworth
League; 7;30 p. m., Class in Mining
Engineering under Mr. Tom Stephenson. Tuesday, 4,30 p. m., class in
gymnastics for boys; s p. m., class in
gymnastics for men. Wednesday, 8
■p. m., meeting for the deepening of
the spiritual life. Thursday, 4.30 p.
m., class in gymnastics for boys; 8 p.
to., class ifl gymnastics for men. Friday, 7.30 p. m., choir practice. Saturday, 8 p. in., class in gymnastics for
men. Sunday, 10.30 a. m„ practice.
Bellevue -Band; 2 pf m., Sunday
School; 2 p. m., class in health,.pergonal purity and sex hygiene for boys;
3 p. m., choir practice; 7.30. public
worship; 8.30, »ong service. The Rev.
Irwin seems, to say the least, to be
. a very, busy individual. „
A. J, .Briggs, Can-
F. Barringham,
W.  Graham, Coleman ,	
H.''Martin,  Fernie
A. IMcRoberts, Taber    "	
M. D. 'McLean, Michel   	
12     17     4
4     5     5     2     2
3     0
Local 949, Burmis, Alberta, delegate to the Rocky Mountain Association:
lst 2nd 3rd
H. Elmer, Michel .... 2 6 1
J. Granger, Canmore. 2 2 2
D. Rees, Fernie .'.... 2 4 4
G. Wilde, Hillcrest ... 5 0 3
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
A. 3. Briggs, Can-
more        0
F. Barringham,
Coalhurst       0
W. Graham, Coleman    5     0     2     11
H.  Martin,  Fernie   3     3     10     1
A. IMcRoberts. Taber       0     0     2     3     2
M. D. 'McLean, 'Michel     Ill     04
The chief trouble down here is, we
cannot say who is elected. The transferring of votes is the muddle and we
shall be thankful to some scribe for
further elucidation.
The C. P. R. have seen their way
clear to station an agent at the Passburg depot at last.
The Passburg colliery commenced
operations on the 15th inst. and
about 60 or 70 men have started to
work. We hope that steady -work will
be provided for those who are now
A grand dance is being held at the
Fairmont Hotel, .Maple Leaf, on Monday evening, commencing 7.30.
At the regular meeting of Maple
Leaf Local 2829, lt was decided to
issue relief to those men who were
laid off some time ago.
The above Local instructed our
secretary to appeal to the International and tifotrict for exoneration for
the month of April.
IMlss Jessie Duncan, of the Passburg Hotel, left [Monday on a visit to
her parents at Waterf&rd, Alta. .
Mr. -Hugh Cameron, from tbe Dam
Grove Rkhch,',Was at Passburg on Saturday trying to make a new record ln
the tra:veiling line, but unfortunately
sprained his ankle, which he claims
must be placed in a steel barrel before the ankle is cured. Too much
oats, Jack.
Mr. T. H. Duncan, of the Passburg
Hotel, was instructed to visit Macleod
on .Monday to give evidence.
The Observer has of late been asked by a large number of his friends
to do. them a. favor and seemingly the
lies ln his power. However me cannot   sometimes   prevent  a  person's
Samuel Hatsfield, sr.," tipple boss
in the employment of McGillivray
Coal Co., met /with an accident on
Friday, the 17th. A large piece of
rock fell on his foot, injuring it
somewhat severely.
'Nick Billowa charged Mike Pawluk
with breaking the windows of his
house on Sunday morning, the 19th.
Mike was fined ?5 and costs or two
mon. lis in Macleod. It appears there
is as much trouble in Slav town as
there Is in Ulster over the Home Rule
Alexander Scott has taken up the
position of -fire boss In McGillivray
Creek Coal Co.'s mine at Coleman.
The Coleman Football Club held a
smoker in the Opera House on Saturday, the 18th. A good program of
songs was enjoyed by all who were
present. Bill Graham, vice president,
made an excellent chairman during
the evening.
Dr. R. T. Ross spent Saturday until Tuesday in Calgary on Important
On Sunday, the 19th, the .Finnish
people of Coleman assembled In the
Opera House to celebrate the day
when the Socialist propaganda was
first started in Coleman.
iMr. Grant Downing, of the Coleman Hotel, spent Tuesday in Frank
on business. '
The Crow's Nest Pass Football
League met In Coleman on Saturday,
the 18th, and arranged the fixtures
for the ensuing season.
so generously in our days of distress
may appear as ridiculous as that of
the mouse undertaking to liberate the
lion, yet we look upon what we received more in the nature of a loan thani
that of charity.
Although the mine 'was idle for the
past fortnight, we are working three
days this week, and if Dame Rumor
can be relied upon brighter days are
in store for Beaver in the very near
future. Should the rumor show signs'
of materializing, readers of (these
notes will be made wise at the earliest, but in the meantime don't incur
unnecessary expense by rushing to
By Observer
name-1 from appearing occasionally in
the District Ledger.  But the Observer. waB told quite politely that If these
'favors were not conceded he should
"^"""r"'""   ", T /"   " I not even pass the time of the day to
Mr. Nat Evans, accompanied by J.l,u,ero In future, but after observing
Howells and  VV.  Plcton,  blew.Jntoffor a ^fle to find out what the Good
-camp on Tuesday trom Michel, iB. C.
"They claim that Michel is* full up.
■- iMlss Belle Thoinfrson.-of thfe-Coium-
bia Hotel, Elko, P. C. was visiting her
sister, Mrs. T. H. Duncan, of the Passburg Hotel, Wednesday. ■•''
Mr. Jame* -Murphy, of Burmis, ^as
a visitor at Blairmore on Tuesday.
A. singing practice is held every
Sunday afternoon at 4 o'clock In the
Presbyterian Church.    All who can
sing are invited to attend.
A  large  number of people from
Passburg took in the special movies
at the Lyric Theatre, Bellevue, on the
13th inst., and fully enjoyed tbe evening's entertainment.
The result ot the election which
took place on the 16th Inst, resulted
as follows;   Lccal 2352, Passburg, Alberta, delegate to the Rocky (Mountain
"     '     1st
H. Blmer, Michel ....   8
.1, Granger, Canmore.   6
D. Roes, Fernie ...... 11
O, WHde, Hlllcrest ,.   4
Trades and tabor Congress of Canada
lst 2nd 3rd tth 5th
A. J. Briggs, Can-
more      3     2     4    4     8
F. Barrlngham,
Coalhurst    1     5    8    4     4
W, Clraham, Coleman     10    6     3    6     1
II. Martin, Pernie  4    7    R    6    4
A. IMcRoberts, Taber    6    5    4    5    7
W. D. <Mel#an. Michel       5     4     S    4     S
Local m*. .Maple Leaf. Alberta,
<t«le«Mles io Ahe Ko-uky Mouiitulit Association
♦ ♦
Book saye, it states There shall hn
wars and rumors of wars*. And the
Observer has a good catise to believe
in the great Book now; even the edit*
or himself is after *hlm,' All these favors will be conceded to those who
are living and are -scared tb see their
names In black and white; when the
Observer is dead.
•We are aorry.tb learn that all the
strong Locals In Sub-district No. 2 are
not desirous of participating In a
sport day May lst. Possibly we may
have been under a delusion in dreaming that the Paaa was going to be
roasted on that particular date. But
we generally have calm after a storm.
11. Klmer, Michel ...
.1. -Granger, Canmore
T>. Reea. Fernie	
fl. Wilde. Hlllcrest .
On Wednesday evening, the 15th
inst., a respectable company of Beavers • assembled at the Lyric Hall to
give a sehd off to Tom Moody, wbo
came here from Michel two and a
half years ago, and was in the meantime employed here in an official
capacity by the management of the
coal company. Mr. Moody was well
respected by all who knew him, and
being a keen sport he generally acted
as secretary for all local attractions
and took, a keen .Interest in everything .pertaining to the social life of
the camp. Mr. EH Nielson made an
excellent chairman, and in the course
of his speech referred to the loss the
camp was about to sustain through
•Mr, -Moody leaving the district. Musical selections by the orchestra and
songs by Harry Drew, H. Prior, the
chairman, the guest, and others, witb
recitations by J. Loughran, enabled
the company to spend a very enjoyable evening^ <Mr. Jdoody Jeft. tor,
Caigary-BextTfiiornlhg to"Jdfir~&ro7
Moody and other members of his family, who are engaged in business there
for the past six months.
During the night of the 15th inst.,
some local dlciples of "Bill Sykes"
broke Into Tlm Lebel's store at
Beaver and reduced the value of the
stock In trade by about $100. Amongst
the goods taken were two sacks of
flour, hams, bacon, boots and all
kinds of' wearing apparel, besides
about 820 in cash. Our local Sherlock is on the scent and not without
hope of bringing his quarry to justice.
An entrance was also forced into the
store of Tom Moore, merchant, the
same night, but no goods were missing as the result, the cracksman being
apparently disturbed.
The masquerade ball held In the
Lyric on Easter Monday could scarce*
ly be written a success owing to the
small number of masculine masquer-
aders, but that was not a surprise
when we consider tbe financial state
of the camp.
•Mr. Slecotte, carpenter, and bla son
Uldrlch, were here from Coalhurst
last week end, and It is their inten-1
tions to remain hare for a time.
j According Je instructions of official circular, a referendum ballot was
talten here on Tuesday, the 14th Inst,,
upon the question of accepting or rejecting the policy committee's recommendation, when 33 members recorded their votes as follows: For tbe
recommendation, 18; against, 5.
The ballot In connection with tha
election of delegates to the Rocky
Mountain Convention showed 20 flrat
choice and 2 second choice votes for
Rimer; 16 first choice and 1 second
choice votes for Rees; 5 first choice
votes for Wilde; and 1 first and 1
second choice votes for Grainger. Por
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦ <*■ ♦
No change in the labor situation!
The Canada West has worked four
days this month. The Eureka mine
worked five days last week. Other
mines practically doing nothing.
Grading has started on the spur
track to serve the collieries North of
The bylaw for water extension will
be voted on Monday, the 27th. Ratepayers take notice.
Alf. Woods has returned from Great
Falls and secured his old job in the
blacksmith shop.
Local 102 has decided to hold a picnic at the river on May 1st.
•The election for delegates to the
Rocky Mountain Association resulted
in D. Rees and H. Elmer getting the
highest number of votes. For the
Trades Congress McRoberts polled
practically all the first choice votes.
We are very -sorry to see so,, much
plumping. It seems that a great many
were of the opinion that this would
help out their candidate.
Taber will bave a new chief of police after April 30th. Campbell of
the IMedlcine Hat force, gets the job.
There were a number of applications
in, including Ford, of Coleman, and
ex-Inspector Silllker, of Lethbridge,
Sergeant Roberts has been re-appointed to his old position
goals to nothing,   pet after the tinware, boys!    .
IBorn, at Fernie hospital, to Mr.
and airs. D. *F. IMarkland, a daughter-
on Friday night. The baby only lived
one hour. Interment took place on
Monday afternoon. Mother doing
well. - ■; t" -        " -
General Manager Wilson was in
camp inspecting various places on
The Allen .players received a large
percentage of Coal Creek patronage
on IMonday. evening. The company
kindly run a special train from Fernie, which was much appreciated by
the residents.
The first consignment of school
boys' lacrosse sticks have arrived aijd
can be purchased from Charles Bu'li-
rer at the store at 50c each. Practice
every fine evening.
i, Fernie lacrosse team are expected
up here on Sunday next to give the
Creekites a practice game.
We are pleased to report the mines j
free from any accident of a serious
nature since our last notes.
The mines were idle from 3 p. m.
Saturday until 3 p. in. Tuesday.
The stork was seen In Morrissey
Cottages on; Wednesday evening, 15th
inst, eventually depositing his bundle
■at the home of .Mr; and Mrs. Jack Ferguson, leaving a fine son. All doing
well.   How do, son!
A great sensation was caused in
camp on Sunday evening, when report
of a murder being committed in Slav
town was circulated. The report
proved only too true, the deceased being Arthur Green, negro well known
in camp. A report of this case will
be found in another part of the paper.
The Russian Slav fraternity celebrated their Easter festivities during
the week end.
The boys* ate the Club held a whist
drive on .Monday evening, the winners being 1st, J. Kay; 2nd, Ike Cart-
mell; 3rd, John Caufield.
prize divided J. Howells, D. Atherton,
G. Koppeuhoffer.
Tom   Emery   has   returned   'home
from the hospital.
Messrs. McDonald and Cartmell are
The  stock bf the  Taber  Trading bu^y erecting the new grand stand "on
Company is being auctioned off this,Victoria Park.
week, and a great many people are
taking advantage of the opportunity
to get goods at their own price.
Ted Seidel has drawn his time and
gone to tbe country across the imaginary line.
Bob iMcClosky was a visitor to town
on Monday, He seemed not to be as
lame as when he went away shortly-
after the strike.
It was reported in town on Monday
that Jack iBastJen had died In the
Edmonton country. Jack had many
friends in .Taber and their sympathy
|fl_ ftytonriori  tm tht* •h-Prpave<l_fajntly —
.the .Burns Club held a smoker, in
the Miners' Hall on Friday night and
a very enjoyable'time was had by all.
Taber now ha£ a public market in
the grounds formerly owned by the
Citizens' Lumber Co. The opening
took place on April 16th.
Bob Holland has commenced his
duties as tonsorlal, artist, at the Club.
Bill 'Menzies has received word of
the death of his son in Seattle. Rumor has it the boy has been found
shot. iBlll has gone to' Seattle to investigate.   Accept our sympathies.
One of our celebrities is preparing
for some pleasant jaunts during the
comming summer, as evidenced by
the new turnout which arrived' in
camp this week.
A large exodus of workera took
ment ln other parts.
A baptismal service will be held ln
the Methodist Church on Sunday
night. The officials will meet at the
close of the evening service to wind
up the business of the present conference year. *.,
"iMrs. Rev. Philp left Fernie last
Wednesday morning to spend some
six weeks in the prairie provlces,
when Mr. Philp will join her and return to Ontario.
There is ho improvement in labor
circles for the last week. The mines
only worked three days. Quite a number got started on the new hotel, but
are suspended again waiting on steel.
Reports have it that it may be a few-
weeks before operations are resumed.
.Work has started on the subway on
13th Street. The street car track bus
■been lilted a block length, and passengers are transferred from one car
•to another. The C. P. R, have a
gang of about tit) men raising tbe
track, and are paying them at the rate
bf llVi cents pert.hour, $1.75 for ten!
hours* work. They arc all Russians
•brought in by that company. We ]
don't know who the onus falls on to
get after these men, but believe it's
■up to the organizer of the A. F. of Lj
at least to make some effort to lay before these men the injury they doing
to themselves and others by working
for such a wealthy corporation for
suoh wages, which is nothing short
of slavery, and should not be tolerated In a Western city where the cost
of living is at top notch.
Louis Gusil, one of the men burned
in No. 2 mine two weeks ago, was dismissed from the hospital last week
and will be able to resume work again
In a few days.
G. Taylor, fire boss at No. 6 mine,
has been transferred''' to No. 3 mine
as section boss, in place of J. .'Mc-
Oleary, who has gone on his homestead. A
J. Reid' pulled out Saturday night
for his home, Glasgow, Scotland, and
Mr. and Mrs. J. Kirkham for Yorkshire, England.
The Roumanians held a dance Monday In the Miners' Hall, the proceeds
to go towards a building fund for a
Roumanian Church, on Dominion
Square, where they have already procured a site.  ' , ' .
Rev. Father Rosenthal is expected
to leave latter part of this week for
Belgium on a visit to the parental
roof, where his mother is dangerously
J. Anderson has moved into his
■fine new' house on 12th Street N. Joe
Petas will be moving into his next
week, as it is almost completed.
Open for Engagements
Phone 74, ring 2
Jeweller & Optician
This is the shop .where you
can leave your watch and
rest assured that it will be
repaired with expert skill.
Jewelry neatly Repaired
Eyesight tested and
glasses fitted
Coleman :: Alberta
Always means more work, make it as light as
—possiwe by using some of these aids to hard work
Mr. William Watson, who haa been
nit boss in the employment of tbe International Coal Co., resigned that
position from Um 13tb.
Isaac Thomat haa taken over the
position of pit bow (night shift) tn
place of Mr, Watson, resigned.
Louie Brennen has accepted a poal-
Hon m stenographer with the law
firm of OlIUs ft Campbell, of Blair-
Carl Nelson waa brought up before
A. M. Morrison for giving A. Johnston, an Interdicted person. Intoxlcat-, _
Ing liquor.   Carl was fined 9190 and the election of delegate to the Trades
A smoker waa held in the Miners'!
Hall on Monday, April 20th.  The pro-,
ceede were for the benefit of John'
Hansford, who was reported aa being!
In bard circumstances through unemployment.   About, $32   waa  realised
and all who took in the concert had a
thorough good "four bits" worth and
went away feeling very happy.
May Day promises to be one ot Interest In Ooalhurat A program has
been drawn up by the committee tbat
will occupy a lew hours to dispose of.
About 9150 worth of prim will go to
the victorious ones and a good time
Is anticipated.
The mine worked only two days laat
week and the outlook Is not very
bright for the rest of this tnontfh,
Times are pretty hard with quite a
number of families 4n Coalhurst
There Is not a great deal of grumbling
but It ts plain to see the pinch Is
there alright. Quite a number havo
not been clear with the office for several pays now,
Tony Caucelller haa invested tn a
Ford touring car and Is busy getting
acquainted with all Its advantages and
disadvantage!. Ws notice the girls
all smile on Tony now*.
Earl 'Mills, of Springhlll. Nova gco-
Jtla. we* a Coalhurst visitor lait week.
The Michel Football Club annual
drawing of prizes took place Monday
night In the band room. The following are the winning numbers:
Chloride of Lime, Brooms and Brushes
A. I. BLAIS, Grocer
Frank, Alta.  .t1^.  Bellevue, Alta.
costs or three months' bard labor,    Itutd Labor Conference. Dill Graham,! He was on his way to Port George.,   ,.„„...,. ,„„„,,,„  ,„n «,.,,„, „-
IMr. Peter Allen, who (ws been nit who wi nomtnaMIby tht*Lw»t, was     Mr. and  »«. Inme* Lindsay nre,-an?.2r   *e* lo   \\uZl  Hundav' nd
hitaa In   Iho i\I«nitllvMv  f!«*l  Cft   tnr I «iin*r«nt1v  a   nut  bnt  fa-v-Artta   ■■  *«! _..„,.   v„«.»,  ■*,,»  -   .„.,,,.l.„   Wit. I SSniSOr,    WSS   in    MlCltei    HlUI(ia)    BO
A dance and winner followed the
pri** drawing In Crahan's Hall, Dan
Waddlngton, Mel Tnylor and Mcintosh providing the music. The hull
mnn well filled, evervbodv bavins a
*eal good lime, enjoying I* Immense-
fofllT'lile  fJiwfiHtv   tbe.   «lnrt!it'!--(   tir
a considerable time, has taken over
the duties ef timekeeper at the mine,
A. Hunter has been appointed pit
.boas In room of Mr. Allen, being pro-
J (noted time keeper.
Charles Blatusek was brought np
before A. M. Morrison for assault and
was fined 910 and costs.
J. W. Derbyshire Is adding s room
and pantry to his property on Second
For carrying concealed weapons
Mike Matlock was fined 85 and costs,
Motion Pictures and Vaudsvllla
We   will  show   nmitlier  of
Umm; |»<incrlul jhtoMiiay
Brothers Loyalty
apparently a red hot favorite, as hsjawiy u|»~ North on"a VacattoiT While 15!"'*fnr; il^iJ.l.w'nion    T>.» meet,
got 20 out of th* 21 votes rsoordsd. then Is not much doing here Jim In-1 R^JJu. *' J "X JLT
TV odd one w«i,t io UcUan. mi n .tend, lo have a look around the conn-1 ^rh he h2nd ed his alrf'
second choice to Briggs.    No doubt try, l*nirn ne nanaiea nis »u»j<u
,11111*. vontorilr Nre Is duiito the j   roalhurat Lodt* 105, !. O. O. F..
raft that he ^ tne only o'flelal kat|iurattl out j„ a|mos, f„n -ureantU ou
present In office who has visited tbe
cnmp recently, and was therufore the
only candidate known to the members.
Mrs. Hilly McCulloch. who with her
husband celebrated the 50th anniversary of their firat wedding on March
nth last, hnd to nndergo a seiioux
nnd for assaulting Chlof of IViHcs ^ operation for the removal of« tumor,
j Ford w a* salved to atuimi up another Ur. Connor. Pincher Creek, perform-
920 and costs. Pretty stiff, Mike. ed the operation, and tn spite of ad-
I A grand masquerade hull waa held I vnnclnt ase—for Cranny haa vtmaeit
l«n tke Cotemsn Opera House under | the alx score snd tea mark—bealdes
'!.* nn spite* ot tha Colt-man Football; hatim* her t tilth broken and her arm
Club wi Friday, the 17th. About slsijr
couples *«>k part In ths trend march.
t»rlxe» ot 95 gold plecea were awarded to the following lady and gentlemen: Fnr the heat dressed Bent, Mr,
Harry Holton: bent comic, Mr. Jack
! t»-»f«-H»ne'   htta*   t*t*a^tt.inf   nr,-.*,,^*    ,,
fractured within the last few years,
yct'atie la recovering strength rapidly,
llu Fr.diy i>t l«»t --Meii l*  Cofiimr
paid a hurried visit to lleiver to aect
Sunday afternoon at Diamond Citv io
pay s last tribute to llm. Shaw, who
died on Saturday after a hard struggle for taro months with typhoid te-
H. 6. GOODBYE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you ars satisfied, tsll ethsrs.   If not sstlsflsd, tsll us.
iMIrhel   Football  Club  nrrannwl   a
mnr**i  hetween   urnlor*   *im1   (ii'i'iirt
The ftenlors won a good  mmt' hv ,'■ j
roalw to 1. 1
Mr,   Tom   Wlllltim*.   ln»|iept«r   of!
nitnes. wn* in town lutt neck maklne;
ver.    Mr. Shsw had resided in Coal- hi* «*»«! Inaction of Hi.. iiHnea.
hurst oni) n »!>ori  whilo. i-ouiluctliig      Mr. I.v.iti Kvans wns al*-" In Imui
a  liaker  shop  and   restaurant,  but Thnrad»y wi buslne**
neteitheleea   hl>»   atronu   pewoimllty      Tin*   Mitt'*'  mine*  have  l,tt<t\  Mir
had -f-wwr-f-d -multe a ho« of friends, j'«--» «.»iwr.1f"  ", n. it,   uniil Tms-iii
He waa hotter kno#n In Diamond City j* a. m.
and waa a focmber of kith degree In J    Hn'iird^v   *■**   n»v   dav   m»i   '■-,*
't'^r. DUhmmkI !***}£# I. (I. Cl. !•'..  *h#j tninta were Idle
fwt«!tie!e4 the funeral service?    Tin?'    „.   ,_.   ,, „ '    „ „_. ,,    ,. ,,
d*c**«Kl   le***.   a   .idea   and   otto'-    Vr   """'  »"*'•*»" »»«• *'» »»w»" r
child to mourn the lost.
A Ohlld of tht Jungf*
A    fw<»-rwl   Schf   f cal nre
iU*! ix I uii •»!' i-nriiu ntnl «•%-
ntuncnl from stnrt t<» finish
i. ut UkUuufliAM ta*Kaa*-*n^
%-bn have l»e« n   •*«rklnir  In  OM   Nn
    . . ,,        -*! mine   hue *#-mred w«rk ft' lift!
imi\ <*I»t»haiii Is at uri'Si'M laid ui'frfW(».     |*n   prv-ferrtnir   the   pfuMrif
™.„ ■ „-..,m, , „ .«,„.*, ,„ -«?i*liil lh* T"1,1* ♦»', * WlWai theU,,,*, Ml Mkh-1 on Mondav nl«hi'»
Mm. Itobt, MentMiias.- who lind bnnu ill* ^«'-LZ %1 '-«'!•£ i.m JL I P*"*W»'-
tsken seriOOSly lll%   An «amllWtlM.!™* *T5J*v?r We *«% *?*.lt *U?I    '«"   HHhead. from Corbin. U vl*
ttt*fll.'t.ti       r.*;-fl,. ,■■ ■*      .* * '.,,..- , -««j|    .kiM,    tMlH    »..-     II**-.*"1"*   *■*'    |W*»'»*   *■*>    *'t*irtr.    Hit   *   H'»
rent from Heaver: beat dresae-d lady. I nothing bat an ooeraiton eiwM «f,.re»*r«,«»'<' '» **** •"?* ««"• •* M*» '.«.,-■■
iii-*,* limit- *'*»!*twii-i., A mule *ttw-..^*»f. aim (mm* ftar rasMivwi ta finefterjX '"..:" Z^'LtMhi.^l^1^. ™,' * rmi-riS.-r nf in *.i.*l< :m t*.li!.« An-
tihl* night wa^sgrt by all who took W bmm, whom she wnnomntt fe^' 1,M' *r mhn ',,W'* '* J .dt.iit.se of totting «heir trrth HsH
part In ths proceedlass.   I^ineh wasted on the following day,   Befiw went- *■■* aRJ* ' HlSu'V ,"„, jj,.fcu»t j, ,l( iumu
e#rv«d durlbg tho night. ilog bbonn mnnn Bob had n phoae «mw I     . A. A AAAAlkA AA!   ti,. i.v.f.*,n»i <w.t„, ..♦ iv-i.* h*ia
M. MeUan. aa ex-captain or Cal- «as» from the boaplul to say she mn ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ | J*» *««•«• , °r,,-r ,f. *'**''* ht f
R«ry Caledonian  Footbsll Club, haa! projrresslag favorably. !♦ ♦ s!j*Ir mhu*1  ,uUV'   *■"'   Mli,**r m
'Club. beon, also onAtrvsM i* operation at ♦     ^AA^^^^^^A JisJITJta^ i «!Lf    i . « ,''* ??X
I   Oa May 1st th* Cksranisn Hocltty the nnm kos»4tsl tnid Satmtar. a«*,**^^***^^*^*^f,*'» ****.!rK?frt.^im."«f oViirVe«
of Cotemsn will flvo sn entertainment'according to latest bulletins sho ls» l1tfy- mm m* itt*(tii>ilm> "f "f,i" *"
in the Coleman Opera House of a Improving as fast ts could be ntpen
play  In  three acta, entitled  "Who's ed.
nntttj-r   This Is lbs lirst play by     Our   Relief  Committee   mn   la«t
local artlsta given la Coleman and j Tuesday and -Med oot provfelon tick
arttryrtn* whn tnvn* f|« drama «houM'"^  U nurrUsd  iu-tii io xbe imtm td
Ratnrday   «»»   ye?   day   In   this|wr*v*d on  a  t«l*M ^Id  lock***.  w*«
| camp and re*»den«s took In the tithta 1 *S-S<H to Jawiea \U-rn-r fn hi* m-t-
of Fernie In large cumbers lilece  aa   Worthy   I»r»-*M*-i,t.    J«l»a
Owlns   to   the  noo-appearance   of |N»w«mib aald a few vrnt* rotnttnlno
 «■-.-■■    -----      ,-._ ..  „ „   ,_        ,'...'»,' iJV.A.  AV'. IV..'   .ll   *!W   */,U*.-Ur, Ul,    Attn,    r*tU«    ■UV't*?.   'Uu.1.    ;..-..     ,.t, S.S.   ;„
2?A,i<°J,*,l*i*,',ijr'  A^snctwlll 9tf.   On Thurvlay. tho ISth. our ■m.jcHor m the orptmrns on flatsr«ar. {*r ** M*r»r.    A **»i •««*» wm
Mirk HtMMwa waa etmrw*4 hefore »*r W*!, »•»!«# 9M», 'per W tonl-int-'*'*'?***'* "" V*l*y* bet-a-^T, *»*»'*'*« sfterwarrts l,..- v;, :::.-.' :sn.
mnmor Jom*> ■ * w u i> tK.i um. •««<.« •«.!«•. ».. .^..w»jin*« were rooattlewMM aod nmeed! Tho htmr •»##.« h»W..- »at!? tt*n*h*d
b* dtd amaislt
Jsa-gat. R. X. W. M. P« thai I atone. ae-WWa-rjr. which was a»ftherS<nr»   were  rme&teooon and caoaad Tho htmr nv-ea-x h»W.»- »aH? tt*n*
mm Nlek lleacrrk -on toe- ««*4-«*id  tor oot Hetlft titmtnM**. P"'w*> *a s*- !?w"i **'* *H««*'Iaf}#«d   *■ *ood *e*eo;r.e"* *t ,-.,■■>•■* • •
dny asorsia*. tho 1Mb, by atrikiag
him oa th* b*nd with a coal oil con.
This waa a very bid case of assault.
!*• thaw** recetred to date nr* aaf    Mr  Fletf, ihe principal of Hosmer f
faltowt:    Mkh«t,   IM*   Cnrbet*l*\.*y*<-XA>.  -mm In ramp rewcwSag *o-l
-.-   ■    -„- - - -:-             i-*»,*iO: Feio'e, ISO; aod lleomer |*»- !■««»,#!?nat««*f*   f!»»rta«   ihe   weiek   eitdJ
A««**d aaa fined W »»4 «os«t, tt Uvtnl. tlktM, tor mbkb oar memhrm il^atd te *** }m kmbtm a*t» «•►»{.    t
it*-* month*' bnrd tuber f--. rvrw.'V *j>-if,-riir   ... i mr'7,wr'1,r ■
*     r*9,   tt.. «^...    ■      r» *-l.i     n v.    X       7       ,      K kt-litlUl.  Mk*i aAkmmka** t      ■»*»«-   i«M»U*.!.   MM*   eaAmaieO   lr*f»t»j
'Jkwee^L^l^t^^^  •'•**»k««fc«of ««i»erbtt«go**,ab>|««t i"mi Vteeb m Ssivrtay haf i^|
km* wnn thnt**d before Inmwttorym- to w»r»sir th* t*nto who at«i»u.,i ..**,f.*t A.. % wit- for Cm\ Cre.-t by 2?
'Ths Quality Store"
Now is the Time That Boy
Wants a Suit
nml tin'  F. M THOMPSON CO,, i* il.r  plar*. l«i
fitly if.    U'ltV'    Ii'imih" vvf lutvf jtHt itiTivi'it
ion (mw suns io mmm v*m
$2.75 to $8.00
SivIch ainl inalfiMl-in |»lf.t-i-  -ttm     rmiif in nntl
{»•♦ tta iinivf it
Do not fall to — our now stook of
>*«»»<* .\j*n«f-Ii»r  "IXVKTrs" A     K   Miiv Shmn
Ocsn*t ttnrmwt <m»w Mpotmitni Ortntsmry +ricw*
Plioac 25 Bmirmorc, Atta. PAGE SIX
Are You Working
If you are not healthy you ARE
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For Sale by
By Carl Marx
If we were to ask the laborers,"Ho*w
much wages do you get?" One would
reply, "I get a couple of shillings a
day from my employer;" another, "I
get a half-crown," and s° on- -According to the different trades to which
they belong they would name different sums of money which they receive
are supplied by the employer, and no
more are the commodities which he
receives in exchange for his own commodity, or in other words for his
work. It is possible that 'the employer
finds no -purchaser for his cloth. It
may be that by its sale he does not
recover even the wages he has paid.
It may ,be that in comparison with the
weaver's wages he made a great bargain by its sale. But o\\ this has
nothing whatever to do with the weaver. The employer purchases the weaver's labor with a part of his available
from,  their (particular  empfoyers,  ei-  property—of  his   capital—in   exactly
a. length of the same way, as he has with another
Last year South Africa purchased
only 65,202 tons ,of coal from Great
Lirilain, as its own output is now supplying the domestic market. In 1913
the South African collieries? are said
to have produced upward of 4,500.000
tons. South Africa furnishes about,
2,000,000 tons yearly for ship-bunker-
Jng trade.—The Coal and Coke Operator and Fuel Magazine.
It is easier for the average man to
stand adversity than prosperity, and
much more common.
From the time the iron ore comes
from ibe ground to the time when the
glittering finished mass of steel
stands ready to manufacture commodities, labor, and labor onlyv has
been the power which accomplished
the transformation. The plute In his
easy chair never did one stroke of
brain work or muscle work towards
Its completion, yet he owns the machine, and owns the jobs of the slaves
who will crowd each other for a
chance to operate it. Doesn't it
strike you as rather funny?
ther for working a certain length
time, or performing a certain piece of
work; for example, either for weaving
an ell of cloth, or for setting up a certain amount of type. But in spite of
this difference in their statements
there is one point in iwhich they all
agree: their wages are the amount of
money .which the employer pays them,
either for working a certain length of
time or for a certain amount of work
Thus their employer buys their
work for money. For money they sell
their work to him. With the same
sum for which the employer has
bought their work, as for instance
with a couple of shilliugs, he might
have bought four pounds of sugar or a
proportionate amount of any other
wares. iThe two shillings with which
he buys the four pounds of sugar are
the (price at four (pounds of sugar. The
two,•shillings ;with which he buys labor for twelve hours are the price of
twelve hours work. Work is therefore as much a commodity as sugar,
neither more or less, only they measure the former by the clock, the latter by the * scales.
The laborers exchange their own
commodity with tlieir employers-
work for money; and' this exchange
takes place according to a fixed proportion. So much money for so much
iwork. For twelve hours' weaving,
two shillings. And do not these two
shillings represent -two' shillings worth
of, all other commodities? Thus the
laborer has, in fact, exchanged, his
own commodity, work, with all kinds
of other commodities, and that in a
fixed proportion. His employer ,{n
giving him two shillings has given
him so much meat, so much clothing,
so much fuel, light, and so on, in exchange for his day's work. The two
shillings, therefore, express the pro-,
.portion In which his work is exchanged with other commodities—the exchange value ot any commodity expressed in money is called its price.
Wage is, therefore, onjy another name
for the price of work—for the price of
•this peculiar piece of property which
can have no local habitation at all'except in human flesh and blood.
Take the case of any man, a weaver
for Instance. The employer supplies
him .with thread and loom. The weaver sets to work, and the thread is
turned into cloth. The employer
takes possession of the cloth and sells
it, say for twenty shillings. Does the
weaver receive as wages a share in
the cloth—in the twenty shillings—ln
the product of his labor? By no
means. The weaver receivesi his
nf-befoTe the "pfodirotiis^oid
part of his property bought the raw
material—the thread—and the instrument of labor—the loom. As soon as
he has made these purchases—and he
reckons among them the purchasa of
the labor necessary to the production
of the cloth—he proceeds to produce
it by means of the raw material and
the instruments which belong to him.
Among these last two of course, reckoned our worthy weaver, who has a
little share In the product, or In the
price of the iproduct, as the loom itself.
Wages, therefore, are not the worker's share of the commodities which
he has produced. Wages are the share
of commodities previously produced
with which the employer purchases a
certain amount of productive labor.
Labor is, therefore, a commodity
which its owner, the wage .wbrker,
sells to capital. Why does he sell it?
In order to live. ■
But labor Is the peoullar expression
of the energy of the laborer's life. And
this energy he sells to another party,
In order to secure for himself the
means of living. For him, therefore,
his energy is nothing "but a means of
insuring his own existence. He works
to'live. He does not count the work
itself as a part of his life, rather it is
a sacrifice of hts life. It is a commodity which he has made over to
another party. 'Neither is its product
the aim of his activity. What ihe
.produces for himself is not the silk he
weaves nor the palace he builds, nor
the gold that he digs from the mine.
What he produces for himself is his
wage; and silk, gold and palace are
transformed for him into a certain
quantity of means of existence—a cotton shirt, some copper coins, and a
lodging in a cellar. And what of the
•laborer, who for twelve hours weaves,
spins, bores, turns, builds, shovels,
breaks stones, carries loads, and so
on? Does his twelve hours' weaving,
spinning, boring, turning, building,
shoveling, and stone-breaking represent the active expression of his life?
Oh the contrary, life begins for him
exactly when this activity of his ceases—at his meals, at the public house
bench, in, his bed. HiB twelve hours'
work has no meaning for him as weaving, spinning, boring, etc., but only as
earnings whereby he may obtain his
meals, his seat in the public house,
bis bed. If the silkworm's oblect in
spinning were to prolong Its existence
as a caterpillar, It would be a perfect
example of a wage-worker.
Labor was not always a commodity.
Labor was not always wage--work, that
xsr~n THSrketa>Die   commodity.    The
slave along with his labor is sold once
is not his commodity. The serf sells
only a portion of his labor. He does
not receive his wages from the owner
of the soil; rather the owner of the
soil receives a tribute from him. The
serf belongs to the soil, and to tbe
lord of the soil he brings its, fruits.
The free laborer, on the other hand-,
sells himself, and that in fractions.
From day to day he sells by. auction,
eight, ten, twelve, fifteen hours for his
life to the highest bidder—to the owner of the raw material, the instruments of work and the means of life;
that is, to the employer. The laborer
himself belongs neither to the owner
nor to the soil; ibut eight, ten, twelve,
fifteen hours of his daily life belongs
to the man who buys, them. The laborer leaves the employer to whom he
has hired himself whenever he pleases; and the employer discharges him
whenever he thinks fit; either as
soon as he ceases to make a profit
out of him, Qr fails to get so high a
profit as he requires. But the laborer
whose only source of earning is the
sale of his labor, cannot leave the
whole class cf its (purchasers, that is,
the capitalist class, without renouncing \his own existence. He does not
•belong to this or that particular employer, but he does belong to the employing class; and more than that, it
is his business to find an employer;
that Is, among this employing class
it is his business to discover his own
particular purchaser.
■Before going more closely Into the
relations between capital and wage-
work, it will be .well to give a brief
Survey of those general relations
which are taken Into consideration in
determining the amount of wages.
As we have seen, wages are the
price of a certain commodity—labor.
.Wages are thus determined by the
same law 'which regulates the price
of any other commodity.    l
Thereupon the question arises, how
Is the price of. a'commodity determined?
'By what means Is the price of a
commodity determined?
* By means of competition between
buyers and sellers, and the relation
between supply and demand—offer
and desire. And this competition by
which the'price of an article is fixed
is three-fold, ,;
The same commodity is offered in
the market by various sellers. Whoever offers the greatest advantage to
.purchasers is certain to drive the
other sellers off the field and secure
for himself the greatest sale. The
sellers, therefore, fight for the sale,
and the market among themselves.
Everyone of them wants to sell, and'
•does his best to sell as much, and if
possible to become the only seller.
Therefore each outbids the other in
cheapness, and a competition takes
place among the sellers whioh lowers
the price of the goods they offer.
iBut a competition also goes on
among the purchasers, which on their
side raises the price of the goods offered.'.' .-  '■■ '•'■■ ■
Finally there arises a competition
between buyers and sellers; the one
set want to buy as cheap as possible.
The result of this competition •between buyers and sellers will depend
•upon the relations of the two previous
aspects of the competition; that is
upon whether the competition in the
ranks of the buyers or that lu those
of the sellers Is the keener, Business
thus-leads two opposing armlet t,
the mem, ana «5ch of them again pre-
Colorado Striking Miners
vs. Corporation Gunmen
The employer does not. therefore, pay
his wages with the money he will get I for all to his owner. He Is a commod
for the cloth, but with money prevl-|lty wliich can pass from the band of
ouickly stops couqhs. curcs COLDS, ously provided. Loom and thread are one owner to that of another. He
kaais the thro*t aNO « ungo. as ckNta not tne weaver's product, since they himself ls a commodity, but his labor
For your next Concrete Work
Any size from 2 inch
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No Screening No Waste
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At Crusher
In City Limits
Special Prices on Large Quantities
Cement, Lime and Plaster for Sale
L«t Ut Do Your Next Concreto Work
Excavating Don* at Reasonable Prfoot
Pa O. Box 24© PERNIE, B. C.
frtxtht ii»
There are plenty of people who
would like to bave houses, plenty of
.people who Avpuld like better clothes,
and 'plenty of people who would like
to build houses and make clothes.
Our crazy system keeps the people
from what they wish to make them
The Premier diamond mines of
South Africa last year -paid 750 per
cent dividends on the capital stock.
When the workers In the mines objected to starvation -wages the government shot them and deported
their leaders, Proves that -capitalist
government exists solely to aid In the
hold-up of the toilers.
Something of the change In the literature th© people are demanding ls
shown in the fact that, while In 1006
the regular publishing houses Issued
only s:w books on economics (that a
big Increase over former years), In
1013 thero were 977 such books >pub-
llshod. nol by Soclnllsls but by old
! line  publisher*.
sents the aspect 0f a battle in its own
ranks between Its own soldiers, .That
army. „ whose troops are least mauled
by one another carries off the victory
over the opposing host.
Let us suppose there are a hundred
bales of cotton In the market, and at
the same time buyers in want of a
thousand bales. In this case the demand ls greater than the supply. The
competition between the buyers will
therefore be intense; oach of them
will do his best to get hold of all the
hundred bales of cotton. Tbls example Is no arbitrary supposition, In the
history of the trade we have experienced -periods of failure of the cotton
plant, when particular companies of
capitalists bave endeavored to purchase not only a hundred bales of cotton, but tlie whole stock of cotton In
the world. Therefore ln tha caso supposed each buyer will try to beat the
others out of the field by offering a
projtortlanately higher price for the
cotton. The cotton sellers perceiving
the troops of the hostile host In violent combat with one another, and
being -perfectly secure as to the sale
of all their hundred bales, will take
very good care not to begin squabbling among themselves In order to
depress the .price at iho very moment
wlmn their adversaries hro emulating
When you hear of a strike usually
you hear of violence. The Mine Workers of Colorado have organized and
ask for better w^ges and'the recognition of their .union, which hae ibeen
-denied by the ooal operators. The
miners have collectively withheld
their labor and gone on strike. They
need more money. Why? The necessities of life cost more every day.
The .coal operators hire gunmen- to
fight the 'miners. They, want all the
money they are getting!- Why? The
luxuries of life cost more every day.
•Now, let the difference in the two
motives sink into your hea4; and, if
your mind is capable of an idea penetrating it, you will see one is a just
■cause, while the other is unjust
■Violence has accompanied, this
strike, If you believe the newspapers
owned by thp coal operators, the
striking miners are always committing the violence. If you know tbe
truth, the hired gunmen of the coal
operators commit all the violence. If
you are in doubt that the coal operators hire 'professional gunmen to keep
the miners from organizing and to
keep their wages down, then you are
too ignorant to make a good citizen
of this community. Jt may be that
the large coal companies will find
that the -support of an army of gunmen 1s, in the end, more -costly than
to pay honest, hard-working miners
decent wages; and it Ib not unreasonable to think that the time may-
come when to deal with the army of
gunmen will be far more troublesome
to them than to deal with the union.
Imagine, if you can, the state of
mind of those whose' friends have
been murdered by these cold-blooded
hirelings! Imagine, poor and needy
men being forced to submit to the bullying and brutal insults of these gunmen! Imagine, the feelings of the
strikers when they see their own gov-
ernmen allowing the gunmen- to
break every law and'their righteous
rage that those hirelings are not only
allowed to assault them, but that
even a jury of their own peers has
been fixed to convict them.
The strike is about as tragic a' battle as one can see in the modern
'world. IMen withhold their labor and
go on strike, only as a last resort, because they feel themselves unjustly-
treated. They know that failure
means starvation, without money or
homes of their own. The loss of the
strike nutans utter and complete ruin
to them all, for they know that they
must then pick up their few household articles and with their wives
and babies start upon the road. The
fight of the coal, operators to run
their mines as non-union mines can
not be so serious a matter aB the fight
of the 'miners to retain their jobs, and
force the coal companies to recognize
the union, which will enable them to
force the coal operators to pay living
wages. The coal operators put their
money Into the mines and they say it
is their property and they ought to
have a right to run it to slut themselves. We will admit that all of that
Is true, but while they, have put their
poney Into the mines, the working-
men, the miners, are nuttlng-ln-py-aMa
thing they have In the .world—for
There will be weeping and wailing
and smashing of teeth among you
damnable tribe of hellions, iwho are.
responsible for the -strike, the murder
and the bloodshed. Mr. Ooal Operator, if you have, left .one spark of manhood or you have any heart or soul,
can you not hear the sobs of the widows and tbe cries of the orphans as
they ask mother, "Why don't -papa
come home?" Oh, Mr. Ooal Operator,
he can not come homev for your gunmen have killed him, and you have
made no more comment at it than you
would- at the fall of a spaTrow. Oh,
the ipity of it all. Oh, the crime, the
unspeakable, unpardonable, damnable
crimes, committed In this so-called
land of the free and a country so
abundantly filled with riches for all.
It is hard enough to be ipoor in a rich
land, but it is unendurable to have
added to that .poverty every Indignity
and to be deprived to every right as a
citizen—to ibe defenseless In the face
of imported thugs is something that
man can not long endure. .To expect
that men will forever allow themselves to be brutally and criminally
assaulted without retaliation is to expect what has never yet been seen in
this world. The time is sure and certain Jo come. If these criminal bands
of gunmen are not broken up, then
men will be forced to organize them-
secretly, if not openly, to defend
themselves and their families from
the assaults of these criminal gunmen.
Walselburg, Colo., April 9, 1914.
Directory of Fraternal
,' Meets every. Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Noble Grand, H. E. Barnes.
Secretary, J. B. MciWejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.^
Fermie, Box 657.
'1    i*i
w Meet every Tuesday at 7,30
p.m. in their own Hall. Victoria Avenue.
C. C, A. Bunch.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
Meet every Monday at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, G. Moses.
139 McPherson Avenue.
Ine publishers.   On* book In ovory cadi 0tiier In the process of screwing
waive   printed   last   year  discussed ; u hither up.   Peace Is, therefore, sua-
If lt were not that the offers of even
the mont pressing and eager of the
buyer* must always have some definite limit-Cotton's Weekly.
idonly proclaimed In tha army of the
-»»,.-  . *Trrir"~Zr7_' ««.!... .„-.„.. sellers.   They present a united front
CAN'T  "BEAT   THI  SOCIALISTS" j io the .purchaser, and fold their arms
—— In   philosophic   content;   and   their
A   certain   college   professor  once rlnltns would be absolutely bouudlusn
said; "The way to beat the Socialists
l» to beat them to it."   Very good,
but the funny part of It Is that anything either of the old parties may do
j will not beat tho Socialists.   The Bo-
jclallst party advocate* a number of
i reforms that Its candidates are pledg-
i ed to -carry out If powlhle durlnir the
I irannition of industry from capitalism
to Soelnlism; that la. certain measure* of benefit to the working class
that can  be Inaugurated under the
present regime.
the old -parties In their mad effort
they are 'putting their lives Into the
coal mines, and they sure should have
some right to say what their labor Is
worth and under what condition It
should be sold. The coal operators
know tbat when the union is recognized, it means a square deal to every
one and that is a thing they do not
want. They are spending millions of
dollars fighting the union, for they
do not want to be stopped from robbing the miners.
In a time so tense and distressing,
as it is in this strike, It is unendurable to be bullied by thugs and gunmen, who upon the slightest provocation will deliberately shoot you down.
In no other modern country' are rich
men allowed to employ bands of gunmen to do their bidding. Nowhere
else, except, -possibly, China, are Individuals allowed to declare war on a
community, to man armored trains
and Rrmored automobiles with machine guns to shoot citizens. Now, If
the coal operators have a right to buy
.machine guns and hire gunmen to protect their property and shoot down
striking miners, then. I would like
to know in the name of God. haven't
the miners a right to buy guns lo protect their lives? The coal operators
claim that they will upend millions of
dollars In fighting the United Mine
Worker* of America, so .»» every Am-
eriain citizen will have a right to
work for whom they please. They lie,
when they make that statement, Thoy
want the American workingman to
work for them as their humble and
Ritlitnlsslvo slave, without a right to
even murmur, while Ihey rob him in
bit. weight* of coal and In the company store; force him to live In their
property, deny him the right to or-
«anl*e and deprive bim of the statutory law* of the state of Colorado.
Vet. they claim lo be Christians and
u'-tlktnir in the fMt^'v'.nt,' af cur Savior,   They go lo church on Sunday
By Edwin f. Bowers, M. D.
Court .proceedings are to be brought
against Maxim Gorky, the novelist, on
the charge of "blasphemy," according
to on order Issued recently hy the
public prosecutor of St. Petersburg.
Gorky, who Is suffering from tuberculosis contracted during his incar-
•c^ratloni in the iFortress of St. Peter
and St. Paul, recently returned to
Russia from the Island of Capri after
an exile lasting eight years.
The charge of blasphemy was preferred against him in connection with
hie novel "(Mother," in which the
bigoted Russians alleged that he insulted the national faith. If found
guilty, the novelist's sentence will be
exile to Siberia, which in his present
state of health would be equivalent to
a sentence of death.
And thus do our national friends defend the -faith of their fathers—and
mothers. There are, ln Russia, men
of immense learning—scientists, experimenters, surgeons, musicians, artist s and writers. But Russia—official
•Russia—represents the apotheosis, of
reaotlonism and mental degradation,
beyond which It wouid seem impossible to go.
Such sodden, brute^minded ignorance oould hardly be expected, or
hoped for, from any but fetish worshippers. And perhaps, after all, that
is what" the average Russian1—t6e
Russian who makes possible this iper-
nlghted country should rightly be
proud, represents blind, unthinking,
iron-worshipping idolators!
It will take centuries of evolutionary development, and generations of
patient education, to arouse tktn
pathetically hopeless race to a realization of their brutal violation of all
that civilization stands for—or should
Hang Fer Low
wishes to anno .nee tbat he
is opening on   Saturday,
April 4th, a First Class
at 296, Victoria Avenue
Noodles & Chop, Suey
Hang Fer Low is open to
purchase young poultry for
his restaurant, from those
having same for sale.
HanTToE~wKnwhlle~ the "blood of
martyrs may have a leavening effect
upon a few atrophied Russian consciences.
Corky Ib .merely one, among thousands who must give up his life that a.
larger-minded, more tolerant Russia
may some time be, born.—Np York
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ..   110,000,000      Capital Paid Up ...
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Interest allowed on deposits at current rata from data of dspoflt.
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•wiMMi otaaam
Money Orders for sale at all Branches} they cost only •
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whan sanding money through the mails. u
«l. P. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTORIA AVI» •!- -f- PBRNIg   B. O.
m wmtnm wjtucts.c.w.Li.n. bal, *nsm«*
AUKANDmiAmObOsasntMaflaaw        JOHN AIID, Aaet
FUHD, $13,500,000
a mil   t,t
"Swat th«
jttn.fr    f-m-rwhlp
will  not
Tho Motal utod to oast Type for thit
Paper is supplied by
Great Western Smelting &
Refining Co.
971 Main St       -       Vancouver, B.C.
Wnfcn   Mill Kt LA U Ur tnornIn«- take ihelr ***t* in oostlf
~~~" \knve been wrunir from ths miners.
Ther* are a lot of psojrfe ln th-ia | "'horn ihey kntb tabbed.    Kot only1
town wbo cannot afford to be nick, .hav* tbey robbod ihe miner of his
■ io Yt^m'lhVrislna"Vd'e V"^ *nt m* **v*> «**•■* *'•
of thsss reforms Into oi oration (with >*• *mn ■" >0tt »"* •>*** Vwt wag-mi 'IMI** children of ihslr childhood. Thar
\V!K£™MSth^fftto&\*»» •<* ST* "!!L4£!" bt*° to,,^n ?, lSSM.t*lW'5f 2* m*.
Un fnr as thty ran or will ko   Knvnr I •*,,B "P-   Th# ••"•'Ma <*<«* for you who said. "Who shall offend ona of
! wilt ihey wltllnalv cwwtit to tha own*''0 <,°- ** •**m ■* im '*** run-down 1 tb#«e llttls ones. »♦ Is %-etter ths! n
wrsliln of Indiimtrr liy nil ihe neonk»ia)i<l *H*,rM mi' 00 n-***#r *l»at thn j mlllttone 1h» tied rhmit his aeftt and
-*»*» rnmtrolled. «rwrat«l nnd wsmi-^VT' '* '* *** •fw*,,h,B* *•* »»!,H* 5*f<l <*Mt '"  *h* «•*•*• of **•
"d bj all lliu m'oiil<> ]qnk'U «» >ou tun lo build u«i Mronjitlt I ■ea."
tu- »..K tf,».i ,t V..MI* ......„».i.i.. **,fi,i ■''♦■*-l'h'   M«Jn< }»ur**«U inor* «m»-;    Wlmn th*» bmkn ot life are *h»n*ed
1 ik?! Th? nil .«I,uI i! ml*. •«£!!£ i'wfsMa •«><» wwtde agaibt Mriotis! forever and <fme shall he ao mor» and
i tnsi tn« ow »»i»ni«*» »in ever l»»ttiw*f «i(kn«ii. Ab* x**oi*\t> ot ma fifb hart* i* r.»
M ronirol '<i«i" 'tmoel^minl* *ha*     *'«*,*»»»'« *f""• «»«» «• «»* «*»l!" ^%'Ke^Kn^VSTn m
«.,,«   „,,   tb.--.in-iiie iiMtl.- mm  «ff!| no na nwh '' mn * *"m'te   «-»en tmt wdilr «r» *9 _
inaarfa eavinc >onr health and tbm ;that naw^^rnw *' etemxl lm*; ■ ttmd ty -j^ Canadian Bank of Commerce enable the traveller ta
li*d'*iatf ym nm* your money n« He«. f and the *eon« of !i»«t wort and tlenl -^^-y. hf-IIif wuu fnin.u ^.i^l a»U-» .» m,4. tv,W „f *m« irt.,«.„. t„
aa (iiiu* ml Komi*.*.**,   ii li n m*tib > *»»»«iu*i w»n f*»r th**> tbtt i»iwr in the i P«»vtae Jtunssu witn funds without delay at each mint ot ma journey in
cine th«t «.•!,» right ;u tlie trouble aad >lhtht nt lor* and! ju*tk*. Mr. Coal} a eonvsnlsnt y« Inexpenslvs manner.  They ara Issued payable fn avsry
niivvt* ii* i.,s Irwin*; i.ft«. KWi.. ^.a.^p1*Ma^,''l,*"' "ml Ounmau. you -vh® b»i country fan tba nwW in denominations ei
rldtlng ib** blood, and itvim arow »•*«>. fesnenstM* for ihl« slHlte andi *,*   *,**    ***»*   *«**
•••■<  '   ♦ ;      ;„..,...„;,,   ' . .. *..,,  .«,*,.,.*»«,«,,-„ *'"*   •***»   ■*"*•*!   mttwarf    	
imtiv.    Ir «!ne*n'f An i-bta hr"trt*t*ma"t*t ""en vtm hart* m***r4t,rttA   «•*„.-, »v,'*J %W* t^* **h*t erpiVnlrrrt In trie motU'j'i". iif lit
•tiiwinn  ur   u»4»Hurt*tng  draaa.   be-s** «* *»**•' «'«**» mm iwir rrr* •wit.t on the fnce of each cheque.   They ATS
*..:■-■ ,   ifit-jtiun mm.   tu •treBnthj*''** «"-) ><»« b# nUe to aay?   Can IdsnU&iiurandsmQvMffOtktacL
and heelth^lvtn.*liwwer«« dae nm pure'wa «ir rm h*v» itm* *-w»r ****** """"-» "* -"*• "^v f"»vin.iTi«
iWire  tm and  tlie  llypo|Aos|ihite«., >>»• »«. » thoosand tlmea, HO. jw nt''wMmowm  •* -—
Iou«  endorsed  by  nnnwtmtnl   rt"-*<-t  tF* v' *vWJ*B», MIMffr
t'lih**. <ht! tm# for tl* teed %eita*, ihe'
m-«v.   »«i   #.* mj*»«  tmiitv.    ttmte, Iocs *»«*»• IMlbl
th*  tint  time  they  arw  eimMBt-d.ij * '
asi-t {!.«*• rtwnli 1* a r**l nerve. W-iwl j   We offer On* Hundred Dollars Re-
and   l>*Sybo»d5n«   mafWo*—a   real ward for any torn ot Catarrh that «aa-i
Ktrenrhener tha! wt* are prond to tsll not he eqred by Halt** Catarrh Car*.
fon avwtt.   l*o« don's tmd to 'hnsitats J   .„ **•*• <'HKSRy * cx»„ T»l«d*. o... .
me aay ft wfll and satisfy yon ia wttnliim^tlo'patfcftF&JiJ^t'ft Zt 7--
*Ui M^'m'Si ^i^^^^^^^^l ^enforenfagementa SatisfactionRuaranteed
F<tr Terms Etc Apply
KOBT. OONNELL, Soorotary
P. O. Box 6W • Fornlo, B. 0»
leal, ahsoJutsh' aoto, self-
I   To Sports Committees
I The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior Band is now
twmn only hy m    ft,*!,    Jf, B, Sa*[»»»iitai* «-m tr*»,   \*-,itt>";i^eimt'a"m*-\
1    TmUr lul)« I'ainitr l"fll» r<*r etrnmt*
nt*.. a 11 >Xk
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM    . Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
' i.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry- Goods, Groceries, Boots and
Shoes, Gents' Furnishings
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Feniie-Fori Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
For our Foreign Brothers
(Slavonien part)
(Maple Leaf Local Notes)
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Full itipply ot following
for an appetising meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge tau*»
agtt for tomorraw*a break-
Calvary Cattle Go.
Phone H Weed Street
pirnie, e. C.
A. McDougall. Mp
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Dna 15. aprila s druhej hodine iodine popolud.nl mall sme sehodzu nasej
■lokalke, lede pojednavanS boly rozne,
unie t^kajuce sa zaleiitosti, ktorS v
kratkosti tu podaya-m.
Predseda brat CernJ otvoril sehodzu za 'uSastl pritomnych udov unie.
Citana bola zatfrn zapisnlca z minulej
sobodze, ktora 'bola prijata tak, ako
•bola Citana. Potom boly Citan-3 doplsy
a -medzi nimi 1 dopfs, tjkajucl sa pla-
tenla, ktor-S platime na tejto .majne za
ostrenie tulcu vzdor tomu, £e to v na-
Som "contrakte" nestoji, proti tomu
sme xxi dvakrat* protestovall. Tento
krat' tool .protest na§ uvaiovan? hes-
tnann?ml l'ud'rnl v torn smysle, ako to
tu dolu nl2Sie, podavam.
Ked' sa zaCalo z -dolovanim uhlia na
■tejto "kempe", kompania poCitalaza
ostrenje "tulcu" jeden dollar. Pbzdej-
Sie zaloiila *a unla a platenle toto
•Hei fliebolo z jej strany povSlmnut-3,
ai ked'„prlchqdily planSle gasy z roka
na rok, vldelo sa to iponlektor?m moc
platlt' jeden dollar, obzvlaSte ked' sa
•malo vyrabalb, I prISlo to na pretras
v unlovej schodzl, kde zvolenf- bol vf-
■bor, ktory bol poveren? vyjednavaf s
tehdajfilm "managerom" J. Finlaym a
vjtoor ten s nlm ustalll, 2e na buduce
budu raajnerl platlt' miesto jedneho
dollara len pat'desiat centov za ostrenie, Co bolo v .torn i&se 1 unlou pri-
My ale myslime, ie ked' je "con-
trakt" kaid6 Styri roky obnovovan? a
podplsovahy, tak ie to nehia platnost',
Co sa pred tym -bolo ujednalo v torn to
iprlpade, no ale ti nestranni l'udia sd
inej mlenky a vec rozhodll v torn
smj'sle, ie ponevaC unla v torn Case
bola platenle pat'deslatlch centov udo-
■brlla a v terajfiom, plainest' majucom
"kontrakte" s veci tejto vobec nlfi nestoji, Ci mame platlt', alebo nemame
platlt', oni ako "nestranni" au toho
nahl'adu, ie poplatok ten je len sprav-
ny a kompania je opravnena ho 1 na
d'alej majnerbm.na "kontrakt" prac-
ujuclm z ich platu zt'ahovat'! —Teda
zase jedno dobr^ poufienle do buduc-
nosti, pre robotnictvo! Bola to roz-
hodne vel'ka chyba, ie, v tedy, ked'
ipodplsovall "kontrakt", nevloilli to
tam, Cl platlt', alebo neplatit'; potom
za tak&o nejasn6 znenle smluvy, len
ten biedny rolbotnlk odpyka. Teda
pozor naibuduce, robotnici! Ked'
budeme vysielat' svbjlch- zastupcov,
ktori (budu vyjedriavat "kontrakt",
medzi kompanlaml. a uniou, poSHme
tam tak^ch l'udi, o ktorjch vleme. ie
su naSI, ie citia s nami, ie to, Co vy-
moiu 'pre nas, je aj ich vlastn^m zauj-
mom; dajme iin pokyny, ie ako a Co
maju pre nas vymahaf, a ked' tak^cfo-
to a takto upraven^ch zastupcov si
tam poCleme, vtedy .bud'me istl, ie tl
vlt', ie tl nebudu sa ohlladat' na mi-
lost', alebo lasku kapltal'u, ako sa nam
to .bolo s naslml zastupoainl ui v
ninolrfch padoch stale
ACkol'vek vec tato bola v naS ne-
prospech rozhodnuta, my stojime na
svojom, a na zaklade naSej smluvy,
Co tain totli nestoji, ie kompania od
nas to tlei poiadovaf prava nema,
opatovne sme a to Co najrbzhodnej&ie
podall a ustallll zaplsnlCn? protest,
protl takdmoita darebackemu jednanlu
zo strany kompanle voCI nam. Jestll
■daCo n tf m doclellme, nevlem, ale ked'
by sme vec tuto len tak nechall a o
avoje pravo sa nehlaslll, v tedy by tl
J^ompanle vMy viae a -ivlac oprotl
nam dovo'luvaly a nas o naSe, t'aiko
vyroben-6 centy obkradaly, Co na iia-
den pad dovollf neamleme!
PonevaC tu ui od Slestlch meslacov
vel'ml slabo roblme a na uniu nam
st'a&ovall, i>odall sme lladosf do dis-
trlktu, by nam prl»pevky za meslac
aprll boly odpuateng. Boly prlpndy,
ie nlektorl pracovall dva-trl dnl v me-
slacl, vyrobll po jednom dollarl ,na
ilehtu a uniu mu ztiahll. Teda len
•pravne by bolo. keby naiej iladoatl v
ohl'ade tomto vyhovend bolo.
Su, acbodcl tejto doatall podporu tl
naajnorl, ktorl ul dlhll Cag au bez
prace, Zenatl doatall po 17.00 a »lo-
boring po |5.«0, ,»ik)Iu vyplatene bolo
Po tieto dnl, ut vlacrazl odkladanj
odchod tunajileho "managers" J. Pin-
layho prlilel, I odst'ahoval ia a rot*
luCII t majnou. tak aa tda na vldy.
V pondelok, 20. aprila budeme mat'
taneCnu unbavu v tunajtom hotel I,
ktoru uttporlada "manager" toho ho-
(Frank Notes)
Ze s robotn?m l'udom robi sa dare-
bactvo so strany kapitalisticky. ktora
ho ma vSetky moin6 sposoby obkrada
a prenasleduje, to sme dobre vedeli,
ale ie by sa tak robilo, ako v tieto
Casy s nami nakladaju, s nami slavian-
skym ijyloin na tejto "kempe", kde
sme ui od rokov usadeni, o torn sme
veru nemysleli.
Ako je cten^m Citatel'om tohoto Cas-
opisu znamo, na "kempe" tejto aa zase
znovu zaCalo pracovaf, ked' kompania
najprv .vjiplatila pentaze robotntimu
l'udu, ktor<5 mu bola vy§e poldruha
roka driala nevyplatend, pri Com udaj-
ne na "ibanlcrot" .pomySI'ala. Zo zapo-
Catim prace myslell sme a dufali a -to
pravom, io my, ktori sme tak dlho za
naSimi, t'aiko vyrobon^ini centaml
Cakali, ie budeme prvl, ktori dostane-
me zase pracu v majne, ale ako vidno,
to sme sa prepodtali a pritom naram-
ne zklamali.
Za superitendenta po volant bol sem
McDonald z Bellevue, kde tlei zasta-
val ten urad a tento chlap, ked' bene
do .prace robotnikov, tak dava pred-
■nost' t^m, ktorjch na Bellevue .pozcul
a nas, tu o^adenych l'udi obchadsa.
Ci any by sme neboli prednejSi, ktori
tvorime vel'ku Cast* tohoto mesteCka
a vlastnlme'.majetky, ktor6 sme si
zbudovall na lotoch, ktord sme od
kompanie pokupiii, ako ti, ktori vobec
iiadneho !n6ho zaujmu tu nemaju, len
dostat' pracu a vytlct' Co najvlac pen-
azi a ipotom 1st'?
'Nevleme Cl je to zumySlnS jedaiiie
kompanie, ie nas tak obchodia, alebo
je to vlnou jednotlivca; ale nech je
to tak, Ci omak, je to darebactvo na
nas pachane. Ze by to mohlo byf
zumyslnd jednanie kompanie, lo iby
sme si mohli tak vysvetrovat', ie je
toto prave .posledn^ rok na ktoru dobu
je smluva onedzl unlou a kompanlaml
tu v Canade podpisana a CimpozdejSie
naS kompania tu osadep^ch Slavianov
zamesttaia, tfm vyhodnejSie to pre nu
ibude, lebo ked' zapoCneme robit', ona
si prva ztiahne od tfch l'udi peniaze,
kt<»ri dopoSlal' eSte nemaju vyplatene
loty, ktor6 boH zvali na splatky, eSte
vtedy, ked' praca tu iila dobre a bola
ufnost', ie to tak 1 potrva dlhSl Caa.
A to je ta v^hoda pre nu, lebo takto
robotnici nebudu moet' zosporlt' iia-
den cent, (budu finanCne vyCerpani a
ked' pride doba, kde by sa inohll do-
mahaf zlepgenla svojich robotnickych
pbmerov, neibude im moin6 podujat'
iiadnu akciu a nasledkom toho budu
■muset' pracovaf tak, ako doposial'
pracovall pri nezlepSeitfch pomeroch
robotnickych. /Mame uniu, nevieme
ale, ie Cl ona vohl'ade tomto nleCo
urobi, alebo lepSle reCeno, Ci .bude
moet' nieCo urobit', lebo dnes je unla
vo vel'kej nevyhode, ked' nleCo poduj-
me na polepSenle robotnictva, t?ch ot-
rokov kapltal'u, ktori dnes s posled-
nfm napnutim sll Celia nedostatku a
biede, ktora sa na ich rodiny vali, ako
stvo privlest'.
M your .bowels are out of order, instead of using some harah salt or other physic, take a Rexall Orderlie tonight', and tomorrow you will feel
great. They taste good and act so
easily, that there isn't a particle of
griping or purging, nor the excessive
looseness that follows th© taking of
salts and most pills. They soothe and
strengthen the bowels, promptly relieving the constipation, making it unlikely to occur again.
We don't .believe there is any other"
bowel remedy anywhere near as good,
and at the same time so easy and
pleasant to take as- Rexall Orderlies.
We know you will agree with us and
believe you will thank us for telling
you about them. If thej' don't satisfy
you in every way, come back and tell
us and we will give back your money
without a word or question. You have
no reason to hesitate ■when we give
you the opportunity, as .we hereby do,
t& try them at our risk. In vest pocket tin boxes, 10c, 25c, 50c.
You can buy Rexall Orderlies only
at The Rexall Stores, and in this town
only of us. X. E, Suddaby, Druggist.
Victoria Avenue, Fernie, B. C.
Barrister and Solicitor
Notary Public
Visits Bellevue on ihe 14-th of each
. month
Verejny Notar
Nactivuje Bellevue na 14 ka&dy meaac'
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
'I Grow Hair, I Do"
Pac-slmlles of Prof. A Garlow.
Bald at 26
Fine hair at 55.
B. C.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offlcei: Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
(Bellevue Notes)
Darebactvo na svete vidy panovalo
a i panovat' bude, k?m svet svetom
'bude. Sllnejsi uslluje ea znlslt' slab-
fileho, ozbrojen? zase hl'adl .premoct'
<bezz>brann6ho a tak to Ide ustaviCne
v obehu l'udsk<§ho ilvota. Mlnulu
stredu, nejak^st darebak, udajne Ta-
llan, zakern^m sposobom prepadol la-
t*ho Cloveka. na ktordho pat'krat" vy-
strelll z revolvera, ale len jedna gul'a
ho zaslahla, ktora ho poranlla, avfiak
poranenle jeho je nie Slvotu netbezpefi-
nd. Darebactvo toto stalo sa na ielez-
nlonej drahe medzi frankovakj^m
"slajtom" a darebaka toho, ktor^ utok
ten spachal, v okoll avojho Clnu na
druhf den I polaplll, ktorj late neujde
spravedllv^mu a zasluienemu trestu.
Tu teraz pracujeme dost' obstojne,
len ie eite je dost' l'udi 1 bez prat'e.
ale moino ie tm to ul pomaly len nej*
ako naprnvl a Co nevldet' vaetci pracovaf budeme.
(Pauburg Notaa)
V naiej neClnnoHtl na tejto kempe
iiaatal odrat! V pondelok III. mprll'a
calalt ame ui pracovaf, kompania doa*
tala ui "order" a tak tie «mutn6 po-
mery jednfm razom zaClnuju krajalu
a lepilu tvarnost' na aoba prlberaf.
KaidJ je veaelil, n aradoat'ou poaple-
Mr. and iMrs. N. S. W,:
You dp not attend lectures on the
subject, you will not buy books, so
the question arises how are you to be
reached? One of the commonest of
remancs niade by nearly every Socialist .speaker is "The emancipation
of the .working class must be effected
by the members of that class." You
are one of that number, and surely
you wish to learn about that which
will benefit YOU. You are prejudiced
on Recount of Ignorance; you have
listened to what somebody else has
■told you and accepted the statements
as correct, and very likely those who
have talked to you don't know any
pore abou^ the subject than you do
yourself—a case of the blind leading
the blind'. This is a'straigbt-from-the-
shoulder talk. Still there is^this to be
said, if you can point out any mistake
do so through the same source as is
being used to enlighten you. You say
that the reason you don't believe In
Socialism is because 'so-and*so is a
Socialist and his ways of doing don't
meet with your approval. .This is a
very common objection, but it is also
an exceedingly poor. one. Nobody
wants you to BELIEVE in Socialism,
because lt is not a religious or creed
question, not a BELIEF but a conviction.
Would you say that arithmetic was
not worth studying because a mathematician of your acquaintance was a
crook, a wife beater or aa all-round
blackguard? Well! It's the same with
Socialism. It is a science, and1 the
acts of individuals have no bearing
upon science:
Socialism is not brotherly love nor
ation'of why conditions are what they
are; an indictment of the present capitalist regime. It is quite correct that
there are those who call themselves
"safe and sane" Socialists, Christian
Socialists, etc.; these are not Socialists at all, for the simple reason that
the students of Socialism are not affected iby any distinctions of nationalities. A Chinaman, a Hindoo or a
Turk may be as well informed1 on Socialism as one living In what are called Christian countries. Socialism
sooner or later develops iwherever
capitalism holds sway and the countries not Influenced -by It today are
■tew and far between. Therefore Socialism Is International and relatively
speaking universal, "
A Socialist might 'be a capitalist (I
grant lt is not very many of them that
are), This does not make any more
difference than lt does to say that a
rich man or a poor man ls a geologist. A geologist Is one who studies1
the structure of the earth: a 8odalIst
1s one who studies the structure of
society. I think you, Mr. and Mrs, N.
S. W„ see the comparison. If a geologist Is a booze fighter or a rambler, that does not affect the science
of geology; the same may be said of
a Socialist. What he doea or does not
has nothing to do with the Rdence of
If somfbody came along and told
you that if you did a certain thing It
would mean money lu your pocket,
you would «lt un and take notice and
would want to know how. Of course
you arc not to -be blamed, nn you have
been brought up all your life to think
f. C. Laws
Alex. I. Fiihe'
Fernie, B, C.
Bar supplied with the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
I POSITIVELY Cure all hair and
and premature grayness. GROW ladies' and children's hale rapidly.
positively cure all I do take. Hair
can be fully restored on all heads
that still show fine hair or fuzz to
prove that the roots or UAPILLIARY
glands are not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT system of
HOME TREATMENT for out-of-the-
CITY people who cannot come to me
for personal treatment. WRITE TODAY for Question Blank and PARr
TICULARS. Enclose stamp aud mention this paper.
MY PRICES are reasonable My
cures are POSITIVE and PER HAN-
The World's Most Scientific Hair and
Scalp Specialist
Room 1, Weldon Block,  WINNIPEG,
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
clia do prace, by si mohol vyii-aJirudit'   _
to. Co bol v mlnulostl c meikal. Teras In money terms.   The Socialist comes
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as warepresented. Thert
Is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you vr&at spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Tbose who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter if thay bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,  Shingles,  Sash  and
Doon,    SPBCIALTIIS—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE ANO YARD—MePhsraon avs.
Opposite 0. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
ramestknand je ul vyfte 30 majnerov
Fighting the Cossack Scheme
By Moses Oppenhtlmer
All Socialists are agreed that we
should fight with all our might the
acheme of the capitalists to establish
In the industrial Htates constabularies
after Ute model of the Pennsylvania
body created at the behest of the coal
and Iron lords of that State.
All bodltM of owanlxed labor
worthy of that name are llko wise
agreed on thnt point, Then* Is n first
along, and says to you: Let me ask
you to do something that Is of far
more, Importance to you and your
class, and the probabilities are you'll
Ignore him. why do you do this?
Simply because you will persl*! In
■AoarliiK a Ifciir ol mokk.«« •bat kwii
von mentally blind. Take them ott,
net In and discuss the qu*Rtlon* ot tho
day. You will make mistakes, but
■what of that! Tho man who Is will-
Ins to learn Is on the IiIbIi rnsd to
-t   ,,        .     .   „. .      „     t.    . Wisdom.   If anybody tries to do you!
fully  lived   up   to  that   prediction. \h0Wi nm! y(,t „vwy Uy thnt y0„ ,v«rk i
2i?»\MAi^^y^2J,2i«i£ '"r *very dollar value timhutd vou I
admit.« hard riding and hard hlttlni rM,Hviv ,g TOn„ flnd y<rt yo„ ff0 oi
body."    They have  shown   that  m !n<),„|lllf ,„ k(,„„ ,hfl nme Kah,,i bv
McuIh that taste liko
mother iigod to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Graft on, Proprietor
now .we are going to chastise you
wHh scorpions.
A "Ledtftr" adv. It an
many strikes, as our Pennsylvania !vottIUf an#, wor|,|nR for tli,. m-ivtrr
brollH-r» know to tlmir sorrow. l'h«yja|m, m|bt jiw» pleaw *Um'; ran
have been fuHy as brutal as Russian llwav wlth .,„, natlo^ lhM ,hf. Sr,,,w.
„„  ,  .- „ .....   * «!•?<*■•   Thwr torn* nover been J«,,„ j,M it ,„ 1nr th»» Ind'vMnal <"X-
*Um opportunity for m lo show lhat «';"""£, l»«w»»neil  for  hii>   of  tlidr !|B|jstf ,,^^,^1, he hasn't.   The »-hpI-
wa, aa a political party, flrat and for* »ww»«o«. J t*Il«t i* a ptwlnw of mndn ions. iu»»t
most  derend  the  Interests  of   the!   The Socialist* of l**an»ytvan!a have!** yo't *r*. »!•! i' A, m».i*Sy nu iX**
notketn, I gathered   the   fans   and   publl»hwl*«'#«nl thw vour tuitions* nr* not r«»
The rxscent offidul action of the»lliem in « |iopular pamphlet    Here;versed.   The ml»»!.»n of th« S«c.ittiUt
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2. SO per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Pitt Proof Sample
Rooms tn Connection
T,mt of locals District 18
New  York Chamber of  Commerce
proves that Uie enemy Is wide awake
nntl busily at work.   The Executive <ould 1m» il^lrml
Committee of that  most Influential
body haa tioen Blvcti full power to go
Is first hand testimony,    Xo heuer Is n#t to Mulkf !n anv vlolcnl rl«».
ammunition for a rousing campaign; mmHstinn* «f thn <«!>ltitl!»it but to
ahead tn aecnrlng the pawste of auch | J2.. !„t»miii««        ****-**• «•• « *u- —«••»« -««m «-t«i«« *h*« '
ae art *** **• riwWMiiw    « ....  '*»■" ammnnition
Homo Baa. and P, t>. Address
WMte Ash Mine..,..,. .Win. Marsh, Tsbsr. Alta.
Ttwikhpod JF. Wheatley. Iknkbesd. Alia.
m**n* *v<•*«■*..........,J. bosgnnin, Meaver Creek, via Plnchar. Alttu
IMIevne Jams* Bark*. Om Sf, IWlenie. Alt*.
Blairmore W. C Cferistepbers. Blairmore, Alia.
Bvrmls................. T. O. I la tries, Paashnrg, ANa.
Carbondale.  I. Mltobeil, Qanbondala, CokMiaa, Alta.
C-anmore............... Mtcimai Warren, Oanmore. Alta.
■Ctdmiio ttTtttdiMtm-, r«f*nwn- Atta.
tUofMft.«««-*.......,,..».*« U-Mk' wKnn, Corintt, o» C
Cf-itnt-dt Vleam        tea. ffftrne, tUfftaufc iU DliWWwd Ca,, Alu*.
Fornk...., TbM Vidtlll, femte, U. C.
Frank Kvan Morgan, Pt-onM, Alts.
Hoamer................ W. BWwuwtnwe, Hmmief, n, ",
IKmtmm .....Joo, Gorton. Hilk-TMN, Alt*.
IMftihrMf* U MwftWi. ITS! »!*!8i Af«»s«, X, l*i«*b-tWg«
IjHbbmt* rk»n*rtam,.. Peonb fttrrrtnthttm, Oiitmnrst, Mu.
Mspl* Lent.... T, O. HarTW. I'm-wt, Alta.
.««>#! If. Rimer. Michel, H. C.
Poaabon..*. T. U. Ifatrlea, Paasbarf. AHa.
Taber...  A. Pauerson, Taber, Arts.
Georgetown. CanaKrre...lfas lludar. aeorgetows. Csnmore. Alts.
I paper cimtwiro to that end ls In fnll I Tbe Petrnsvlva-nla m»mnMM •*wid' "br***;
a,«.,.*>,. 'iit*t njAsniiiikiaa no be nietiteO
next fall will be carefully olektd and
groomed by the maaler class. The
yolUiiUot ot tbo okt partlea will ba
reached by powerful and influential
Interests.   Remember lljat the attlon
was unanlmons.   That tj» ominons,
highly slgnlflcanL
What can, what should, wa do In
opposition? We tnnst appeal to tho
masses, wake them np to the danger.
We must take our cue from tlm historical advice from ' Ferdinand I*.
jn'A'.i...    Bute vlut whkh Is',
W# know what the fSopm-etat m*.
JaUjI. -.;*,-.> Lmv» *im*m in I'tmnsflvants.
In tknt, Bute the overlords had for
yeart) maintained a (ttfvate army, tbe
: MKssM -tvMi and iron peSbm. whose
deeds ct violent* and bmislHy ort*4
tw heaven until the worker* rote In
ttfff jwwt-rt.1.
TJN»f» th* pniititdnit*. i*v,*r reaiti iu
| carry out tbe will td iMr maMers.
ftlmltslied tbe prtrttte body and *nb-
»fltut#d tb* mat* fwistafttitary. t4k«
i the reckless and orrrhntfine King fn
I th* Bible, they said to the people: Ton
■Ktr* lierttofore ckmlnei with whips:
!evplsln the wnrldnifK of ibi- «y«tt'm
!    We  will i>nk* »t» th«* «in»>etlr>n  nf
i the meantime would advise thnt everv
vt »„.*.(,«->i    MN<I     nOil!,»l.     MUI1)     Ul*
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
■ llf^    rpimni ivn nm    *\m nvyi-tti*'**     wtxi'm i»t        it i-. -       im'i        . u J
i»    provurea    »»    Isnge   «iuantlties.' tl«ns.  when the ro«t of ib* trmtble'f
Covle* should in* furnished to every;will lie found is labeled the ProfX or
lnbor  onmnltatton*     Onr  c*mpalim' Wnn* Kfav* *S<r?i*-SB.   X. M, T,
aptmkert should be Inatruclsd <o use:
this ammunition on every o-ccaaton. I
A compact anil otttaitokao ooonnUityrt
9*t *ua Mtumumtftttrnti aunamn sftouid on >
developed before election, not after;
ward, when It la too lata for results.,
We know that (he politicians are]
always willing to carry out the will,
of tlie m»»i«.r». W* also know tbat]
they are fright#ned If tbe masses}
grow ngly.
lltrtj ia our grml tli*«)C*. IM on
make an issue ot tne ronstftttntary.
VV*» .ti*" tHtiitii *»> "Utuis mttnt am,
purl if -»• art with vigor. We tan \
elert k»gisla1«nt of our own on that
linn- it ee hnttMr it rl*hi.
Itm we mnm. not be content «itb[
plaioiiU action, «Itb the mere passiiMC ■
of rttaolnt'iooa.    iv** mttut be ap and*,
rfo'rr     Tf!-- *fm.-   *it   '■■MP*  rn|f ■iJUUUf -
caiiMui«u U »to*. I^t m get to work. ;*
What 1* ber* said of S*w Vork
Rut^ 4pp!l«'» *•'-!* ^|«»1 forcB el**--,
wbt-ttr. W* nrt: tmntrnuott w*'i"ir* a,
vlcloii* cvv»*p!nicy, W* -ftn defeat It j
if wi* *..ki' «p —Sen- York Call.
Exctlkat Cuibiiie /iincncan and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water Sample Rooms
Phones   Special Rates by th<» month
European Nan Room Ratn
We. and Upward*
American Plan Rates
12.00 per Day
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
Alberta I H»SirB5mffiHT»B^SH8BB
,       ■       - i  ^ *n "
<»-*»r»» - »
Some Real
This   Store   will   close   at   1   p. m.   on   Friday,   May   1st   and   on
following at 1 p. m. until further notice
each   Wednesday
Special values will be shown this Saturday in
high grade bench tailored clothes for men and
boys. We will show a range of new worsted Suits
in our BIG WINDOW at $15.00. These are exceptional value and are perfect fitters. New Browns,
Blues, Greens and Greys, made in (the single breasted three-button style. All sizes 34
to <H at 	
Boys9 Suits
Boys' Fine Worsted Suits in Brown, Navy, Green
and Grey, in single breasted three-piece style; long
pants, sizes 31 to 35. On sale Satur- 04 O rfl
day at     t>|/l9U
These will be on display in our Olothing Department. Numerous other lines of Boys' and Youths'
two-piece Suite will be shown at special prices.
Boys' Summer Jerseys in Navy and Cardinal, or
Cardinal and Navy combinations.   These are ideal
garments for hot Summer wear.   Prices
for Saturday at each	
HV     IWVUi
Summer Underwear
We cany all the reliable lines of Summer Underwear in two-piece or combination style. Stan-
field's. Dr. Jaeger's, Knit-to-Fit, Penman's, Watson's, B. D. V. and Turnbulls..
If you want perfect satisfaction buy your Summer Underwear from us. We will make good any
garment that is not satisfactory.
Grocery Specials
Lima Beans   3 lbs. .25
Mrs. Stewart's Liquid Blue  2 for .25
Molasses Snap Biseuits 2 lbs. .25
Eastern Township Creamery Butter .. 2 lbs. .65
Fresh Churned Government Creamerv Butter
2 lbs 75
Golden Nugget Oaudy per lb. .15
Canada First Cream family size .10
Heinz Catsup   pints .25
Evaporated Peaches 2 lbs. ,25
Canned Peaches 2 lb. tin .15
Navel Oranges per case. .3.10
Navel Oranges 'half case 1.60
Navel Oranges per dozen   25c to.. .60
Grape Fruit  '  3 for .25
Robin Hood Flour 98 lb. sack 3.10
Clam Shell for Chicks '6 lbs. .25
Poultry Food per package .25
Assorted Soft Drinks 3 bottles .25
Twin Bar Castile Soitp 4 bars .25
Carrots 12 bars .25
White Swan Washing Powder . per package .20
Irish Linen Writing Pads large size .15
Envelopes to match four packages .25
Regular 50c, for 25c Box
Splendid quality of Linen, done up in neat 1
pound packages.   Your monogram on every page,
Regular 50c, for   25c box
All Colors and Natural—75c yard
The Ideal Silk for Summer wear, strong and
durable and washes like a white Cotton.   Special-
75c yard.
Shoe Dept.
Tennis and
Running Shoes in
Blue and White
Canvas with Rubber Soles, for Men
aud Women, Boys
and Girls.
Men's Football
Boots, direct from
the Old Country,
guaranteed to
give satisfaction
made in three dif-
••**«!/<*£-» f e T e n t grades.
Prices $3.00, $3.50 and $3.75 per pair. Regulation
Footballs from $3.00 to $4.50 each.   .
School Boys' Footballs at $1.50 each
Extra Bladders BOc and 75c each
Tennis Rackets in Ladies' and Men's Light, medium and heavy weights. Prices from $2.50 to
$4.50 each.
Children's Brownie Rackets at 60c each
Tennis Balls at  25c and 50c each
15c per pair—7 pairs for $1.00
A good quality for hard wear, fast black and
shown in all sizes.   Extra special, 15c per paiir.
7 pairs for  $1.00
Regular to $1.00 foil 50c per piece
Big range to choose from in all the newest designs.   Regular $1.00 for  .'. 50c
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
We sincerely apologjze for our premature remarks in last week's notes
anent the-possibilities of a local gentleman obtaining a lucrative government position, at Fernie. Tis a sad
commentary on our local Conservatives when the government has to
ship in an outsider to hold down a
bit of a dinky clerk of courts job.
Tho Hon. W. R. would do well to be
careful; even a worm will turn.
.Mr. and Mrs. Morgan gave a very
enjoyable dance at the Queen's Monday nlgbt, at which fun and frolic
reigned supreme.
An exciting one-round contest took
place recently between tmo of the
company'*, officials. Tbe affair was
international in character, Scotch vs.
English, and caused quite a stir. After lots of fuss and fury the "affair"
ended without much visible damage
having been inflicted.
frYult Inspector Fletcher and wife,
of Crow's Nest, were suing Hosmer
up Monday.
Saturday's pay roll reached the
high water mark. Talk about prosperity;  you can fairly feel It here.
Everybody's borrowing now.
The minion's of the law swooped
down on the tenderloin district Monday, witb the result tbat tbe Inmates
were fined their 25th fine or thereabouts. How long will .these moralists keep up the farce.
Frank Labelle has installed a tobacco stand in bis pool room and is aible
to supply anything (rom the kind
King George smokes to a bale of hay.
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. H. Maundull,
on the 20th, a ten pound militant suffragette. Harry decorated with the
smile tbat won't come off,
Died, on Friday, the 17th, the infant
child of Mr. and (Mrs. A. Allan.
Hosmer and Fernie football teams
are to meet in a friendly game on Saturday, the 2f»in. Kick-toft at 8}30.
Come and boost for the locals.
The forelgu speaking (population
were celebrating Easter this week
end, the more pious at tho Church.
The majority, however, celebrated by
causing as much Vodka to disappear
as .possible.
We understand all coal company
records were smashed last week. We
don't care to state the tonnage, the
Ledger readers might laugh.
Joe Fillon evidently could not resist tho lure of tbe Northland and has
pulled out for tbe Peace River coun-
try.   .Some fortunate wage slave will
no doubt drink Joe's health.
iThe annual ball of the Hosmer fire
department took place on Tuesday,
and while not so well attended as
expected, nevertheless proved to be a
great success. The hall, was tastefully decorated, the music first-class, the
refreshments and Ice cream thoroughly enjoyed, and tbe smiling faces of
the gentle sex proved beyond doubt
that everything was lovely.
Tommy Whittle, Hosmer's "Dan
Leno," caused a much appreciated diversion at the firemen's ball -by obliging with one of bis comic masterpieces.
The Hosmer fire department's new
bell tower, while (n the course of erection, caused quite a few conjectures
as to what It was to be. Some thought
It was to be Krafchenko's last atop
ping -place, others thought lt was the
headgear of a new shift. However,
It adds considerably to tbe appearance of the city.
Joo Hovan's christening proved to
be a whale of an event.
A. I. Fisher, the well-known barrls
ter of Fernie, was in Hosmer on 'Monday in the interests of law.
'Maple Leaf Lodge, No. 53, will celebrate the 95th anniversary of Oddfel
lowshlp on April 26th, 1914, All mem
tiers and visiting brothers will please
attend at the Methodist Church at
6.80. Service will be held In the
Opera. House at 7.30 -by Rev. J. J.
The store clerks mean to take
every advantage of the half holiday
that is to start oh'May 6th and will
continue until further notice. All tbe
big stores have agreed' to close and
will give every employee a half holiday, consequently a. strong committee
has been formed to arrange a baseball
league and It is anticipated that at
least four clubs will be formed,
A deputation of the clerks will meet
the Athletic Association on Friday
night and seek representation on the
Association's executive. They should
have every encouragement.
THI 1818
That thc management of this house
has done more to Increase the tone
and clu«»» of picture* exMbtted In Fornle cannot be disputed for a moment,
nnd from the day he took ovbr Ihe Isis
.Mr. Miller had but one ambition, vl/,,,
to give the residents of this town the
very latest, best and most educational
feature films possible. It ts only by
doing this that the reputation of the
house has been made and to continue
catering along these lines no expense
has been spared. Mr, Miller hss a
signed contract with the largest film
agent In Wiestern Canada, giving him
r first and exrluelve cholte of all the
latest features manufactured, snd his
program fnr this <we*k end and next
week amply proves tbat he ls securing
the "good*."
On Prl<liv "Minolta's Vennmne*."
n two-reel Risen. In filming Ihis feature a M«r ton wna destroyed. Tho
plot renin--* rtrmind an Indian tlrl
raised bv e family who had destroyed
h*r tMrcntu, She avenges the death
of th* latter by destroying her foster
imtHHin, On, JWiu'dm*,. tlw tliwe-wel
Rex drama. "A Jew's Christmas," Is
A meeting of tbe above club will be
held in the (Miners' Hall, on .Sunday
afternoon, at 4 p. m, when all members who have any unsold tickets or
money from sale ot tickets, are requested to attend. -
The match Saturday next will be
played at Hosmer, and the team will
gather at Rittuto's livery barn at 4
p. m, sharp.   Following Is the team:
Cooper, goal', Shields (captain) and
Oakley, backs; Rlgby, Atkinson and
Riley, halves; Smith, Booth, Atken,
Jolnson and Hartwell, forwards. Reserves: Corrlgan, Sherwood and
The executive of the Fernie Football Club wish to thank the ladles and
others who contributed to the supper
for the dance, those who lent dishes
or In any way contributed to the success of. the affair.
A meeting of the Crow's Nest Pass
League wat held In th* Cowietl room.
Coleman, on Saturday, April 18th,
with the following representatives In
attendance; W. L. Porter, Michel; Kd,
names, Coleman; H. Rostock, Hlllcrest; O, Stewart, Fernie; W. Hughes,
Coal Creek; Hy. Fisher. Bellevue; 8.
Paton, Frank; O. Brown, Corbin; W.
Balderstone, Hosmer.
The minutes or the previous meeting were adopted with the following
amendment to the rales, same to be
known as Rule 2H: That the League
Rules govern sll cop ties and that no
player shall bn eligible to take pert In
cup ties unless he has been resident
itt tbe district between Burmis and
Fernie one month prior to tho first
round of ihe <>iii». The semtsry (A.
J. Carter), who scted aa chairman, addressed the meeting relative to an application for entrance into the League
from Coi*ln and advised the representatives lu the Interest of the sport
to receive it favorably. A few ot the
(l(»N»««ti'H seemeil lo be lw. doubt us to
Corbln's ability to finance a testa.  It
..,.,*. ..* i..1.1    .., ,%..,* »**. »■.•*,»,-,
NEW YORK, April 20,-JMembers of
the International Surgical Association
listened today to the details of ma»
vellous reparative processes effected
In human patients, who have been
maimed and mutilated by accidents
and disease, and the world's foremost
exponents of plastic surgery were the
speakers. When thnt had told bow
they had supplied new nerves, blood
vessels, bones and even new faces to
men and women, whom they had
practically reconstructed, and thus re*
claimed from states of mental despair
and physical uselessness, they wero
greeted with applause by their fellow-
These practitioners of plastic surgery should not -be designated pet*
haps as 'Vbeauty doctors," the phrase
applied to them In a spirit of fun by
some of their confreres, because their
achievements are of an enduring quality and are perhaps more representative of present day progress in surgery than anything else.   *
The fourth congress of the association closed this afternoon, with the
election of Dr. W. W. Keen, the distinguished Philadelphia surgeon, as
the next president of the association,
and the selection of Paris as the meeting place in 1917, when the next congress .will be called.
It Is a common enough saying doctors never agree, but today's session
of the congress furnished a notable
exception, tor the surgeon* were
unanimous In their conclusion that
grafts and transplantations of bones
to be auccessfol when transplanted to
the Individuals from which they ar*
taken. They are rarely successful
when transplanted from one to another ot the same species and are
never successful when transplanted
from one epeeles to another.
Tenders are Invited for permission
to sell refreshmehts in the City Park
on .May 1st Suo&ssful tenderer will
have exclusive right to sell refreshments, excepting alcoholic beverages.
Only one tender will be accepted.
All tenders muit be In by April 16th
and should be marked with the word
"Tender," and addressed to T. Uphill,
Secretary, Gladstone Local        • 182
Sealed tenders are called for kalao-
mtnlng the Knights <* Pythias' Hall,
Fernie, B. C Not necessarily lowest
or any tender accepted. Far further
particulars and Ipape-etion of the premises sea John Oarmichael. (Tenders
received up to Ajnrll 26th, 1914.    189
l-mna* x*oait>rtnl eotl dra-mattf nletwre* I eonne-etlons  wet* tmsnttafele,    Hewwl
Send M Five Roses
Wattaat    rOnboo   wOb    ■wdtWff-tO     -PpSt
OlM'i fawH bb MWitglV YfM OmMV
Cook Book—
t'lxtmm Imm iW , •>MnW„*w «4 MrM rm*i i/iiommt
rntaaM a*m d f m Kama fbmOaaadaa* Cmudt.
AK*   I '..lit   V»*.    ...*•    A.   ft,,.:.,,   4,94*-* i.t *f  ".' '*.■-.-[*»
im tn, iM «! -»■(..■ 1. t*«« Wi, t-wrfufl/ U.f.M u4
trdmM ttt *
MM»tiat>M^«»iM» w»mh *a*«
Wastarn Canada Wholesale 0o.    Tritw-Wood Co.
tem produced.    H is a battle of s
j strong, bla psrontal  love  with race
land  reUtdon* pretwdlee:  n  powerful
and wonderful character study.   On
Monday the feature ts "Love or a
Throne." » 2-rwl ln»»»    On Tnawisv.
Kory o too Hog*.   » t«f-MH«*t -xj**
venal, featuring J. Kerrigan In an
Irish romance of thti 1-tth rentnrv.
The most thrilling portion of ihis plcturo Is the gatlowa scene: The time
•ver, Mr. kttomn. -Coroion rsprsMHt*
stive, *t««dily * leered matters up to
the MtlsfaetHm of sffltryoM and a
motion was made aad anaalmously
carried that Corbta Im admitted lato
the l-eimm. This •ttloo rendered
«!• «•> (MMM**, h*m>-»i»m»»*» , owm *******
useless the sehednle of gassee dmwa 1
stone, snd another committee, consisting of Messrs. Balderstone and
■names was appointed to draw op an*
for the execution of Rorr arrive. The • other •rhedqle and report at t p. m.
deatMwII  tolls out  mournfully.    It
•rouses the wmseleneiMitrk'ken kid-
tn»nj»er lo action.    Il*« ruthf* to line
gallows aid arrive* there sn Instant
before Rorr ie to bt* tmng.   n*» con
fesses thst the -rrlw was hi*.   Rorv
! is liberated. Tli* taWag of the death-
bell alee ntemntO the ctta-sHear* of
Rir Rverttt H* vonttmen the ktimo*
ptng aad rwtorsa Rorr to hts heritage.
Oi Uraredar- April v*h Hemry
IHter ia an original drama of the on-
4-tofiwnrWI. "ChetMM. '•••». ■ foer-v-**!
detective prodpetloa. iwmarkaMe aai
startling in conception.
at which re-convsnlng tt tm aoceot-
led. Theasxt Leagae aeetlagiatejta
'•.had in Hosmer.   Hext week the tta-
tvrea of various clubs wIR *• tdtbttUb*
J*/t In th* tMger,
la k>vl«g memory bt As«wsU Lea-
salles, wbo died oa April ntd, tbt**
from her few tortsg eMMre*. wha
min th* leader emtn ot tftatr seother.
bat -wish her memorrto rsomhi wUh
Usees <str aU tteea,
—By Vtbetn Uesatlee aa4 feto IMr
younger brothers.
WrnWm Exclusive Picture Theatre
SPECIAL SATURDAY—-Matinee and Evening,
The Rabbi's Daughter
3 reels. An Intensely Interesting story of a Jewish girl's love for a Gentile against the wishes of tiie
rkaid K*bbl. Alter many years ol hardships, race prejudice la conquered and • reconciliation otfecled t>>
a child.   Besides being a -beautiful and well-acted story, many Intimate views of Jewish beliefs and
■customs sre seen,
Special Tuesday
Rory Of The Boss
3 reels.   It conform an avaricious uncle who strain, for his own son, Mie heritage of his nephew (Ker
rlganl and the conscience which Is aroused by the ringing of a death tell.
I rtwl*.  A detective pUur sartllag ta mbmMm, tmt* Is OMatiiNrtiM aai «MfM la «s*tflaf-tt««L by
Th* Pomtntn Ptnyent mm m, dtrndbm of tmm Vrdbmnm,


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