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The District Ledger Jan 31, 1914

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Industrial Unit; ii Strei
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The Official Organ of. District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 23, Vol. VH.
$1-00 A YEAR
The   Indiana
Supports   Vancouver
Liberal Gathering
at the Grand
On Tuesday evening, tbe adverttaetl
Liberal rally took plaice in the Grand
Theatre. True, there was room for
lots more, and the audience could not
with the widest stretch of imagination
be - called enthusiastic. In spite of
■Mr. Fisher's apologeittc speech tor
daring to hold suoh ameeting in Fernie, and his statement that any kind
of apposition was to be preferred to
the .present state of affairs, the audience generally seemed a little skeptical, and even his rather inappropriate
conupjiiiison of conditions existing lu
the Conservative parliament ajt Victoria today and those in the mother
country under tho "Peel reginie" did
not appeaa- to convince them. Mr.
Fisher was gracious -enough to admit
that even a Socialist opposition wns
to he preferred to the /present -member, .bnt in any case, they were determined, so he said, to get W. R.'s
The first speaker was W. C. Brew-
ster, .the lot© leader of "His Majesty's
Loyal Opposition" in th© provincial
house. Mr. Brewster seemed to bo
particularly interested in the land
question; the sale of lands, the depletion of ithe treasury, a clause ln the
I-and Aot which permitted speculators,
with the assistance of power of attorney and agents, to purchase wild lands
and the fact that ithe Government had
neither 'been paid for these lands nbr
collected tho wild land taxes on tlie
same. He most carefully avoided, any
mention of the worker^ condition,
and for that matter, beyond accusing
the GoTwnmCTtjbrJ'hg present con.
"oiiaOnTil affairs oiiltfie Vancouver Island, neither he nor "Honest John"
and and Jllustnating the ludicrousness
of condemning the milk from a cow
affected with tuberculosis and permitting ithe dwner to send these animals
to the butcher ito be sold in the meat
market. Replying to an interruption,
John stated that he had not sufficient
sense to send his own cattle so condemned ito the market. Whether John
.will Increase in wisdom or avail himself of .the opportunity to in future
he did* not state.
In concluding his speech, John drew
attention to the .tremendous tracts of
land held 'by land speculators, and said
.that we must make it unprofitable for
these men to retain these lands if we
desired to secure the land for the seit-
tler. A goodly proportion of the audience sympathized with this remark.
There were several questions at the
close of the meeting, one in particular
requiring efforts of hoth Bremster and
chairman to tiry and answer.
At the Grand, Wednesday, February 4
Next Wednesday evening, the people of Fernie will have a* opportunity
of seeing an all British Star Company,
(Straight from London, in the greatest
farcical success ever known, "The
Gtod Eye." This piece was produced
■in three of the leading London theatres, and was Uie rage of the ">Mg
•town" for fifteen months. Every
town visited by th*^ company in the
Dominiion has voted the piece one or
presented.    There are -three- acts in
had .much to say as to "what the work
er .might expect from a Liberal admin*
iatratfon. At the close of the speaker's remarks, a rather pointed question wan asked him with reference to
the attitude of the Liberal government
In Alberta. /Brewster, wise man and
politician that, he Ib, refused to as.
sume the onus of the AJberta Liberals' action, and gave one the impression that the disinterested minority in
if. C,. could noft,. under any circum-
•stances, he guilty of such'maladministration as their confreres in Alberta or
the present governmetit at Victoria.
The questioner, however, appeared to
differ moot emphatically from tho
speaker, and thought that if the wholo
bunch weire shaken up in a ff-unwy
sack. It would be difficult to discover
their identity when released.
"Honeat" John, to introduced by
the chairman, next thrilled ihe audi-
once with the wickedness and malignity of the Conservative governmont.
Tie al«o had much to say about the
land and many figure* to quote, ahow-
Inn how larpe pared* of land were
dlapoocd of, ahd their disposition not
•marked In mapa published for the
benefit of old country settlers.   John
thought thia was horrible, and took
exception ito truch trnQthoda, a« he de-
otorcd moat of the land left for the
settlor was altuatod upon the mountain aldaa or tops, and should the
new arrival with to fettle thereon,
something mora than a foothold would
■toe required to keep htm In possession,
The weaker amoto the government
rl*ht and left for ihelr attitude Mih
regard to the strike in Nanaimo.   He
atated that bc had no aympathy with
thoae who w»r« guilty of violence;
they had their remedy, and that wai
tbe ballot,   Whether to pmphaslie the
weaktuwa of thl* ballot, or the autocracy of Powacr, we do not know, but
, in ulaitwt tit: iui-U **.JU-wiw-M tlie tumtk-
or tomp!a!n*»d  nbout llowaw being
abov» the ccnatltntlon. and rctorrwd
to *L« Attorney tleneral'a action to •*•
tending tbe pnrtlameniary term from
four to two yean.    "Ito might have
«iad« It fifty." Mid John, "and  no
m\*3 hdrwelf ail the trouble of ex-
f>lHK*i<l<>n ih. election time."
Tha apcaknr next dealt with the
farming ejueotlnn, acting forth hli
own «xp*rienc»s« a* a dairy farmer,
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Jan. 30.—Tfe International convention at Indianapolis
has been productive of much discussion, and from the reports to hand, the delegates
are evidently as aggressive and progressive agathering as has ever met in the great
labor centre city. One of the principal topics has been consolidation of the United
Mine Workers and the Western Federation of Miners. Tihis has been the subject
of some very lively debating. The tnternational exceutive board appointed a committee to meet a similar committee from the Western Federation to discuss the
amalgamation, and if a plan shoultjl be agreed upon, it will be submitted to the
miners for a referendum vote. *
The co-operative question has also received a good -deal of attention, but it was
thought b?st to refer resolutions recommending the establishing of co-operative
t     stores back to the various Districts with instructions that a campaign of education
be carried on, so that the miners could take definite steps at the next convention
and deal with this matter more thoroughly.
There Has also been much discussion upon the appointment of travelling auditors, and feeling ran very high when a recommendation was brought in to increase
■*-   the president's salary from three thousand to four thousand dollars a year.   A roll
call was demanded, and this occupied practically the whole of one session, and resulted in a majority of fifty-six for the increase.
President Gompers, of the American Federation of Labor addressed the convention for two hours on Friday, and,defended the executive of the American Federation of Labor regarding statements made by Moyer and McDonald in connection
with the Michigan copper strike. /McDonald spoke at some length on Friday morning, reiterating his remarks concerning the personal and general policy of the
American Federation of Labor. -Moyer also spoke on the Michigan situation and
replied to Gompers. .   .' "
The constitution committee is expected to report tomorrow, and there will no
Man of the People
Is Given No Chance
Conseryatlve,Government Provides No
Opportunity for Fair Discussion and
It Is Believed Bills Will Be Rushed
Through and Approved by "Rubber
Stamps"—Parker Williams in Opposition Fights Valiantly but Un-
By John  P.  McConnel  in  Vancouver
"No one realizes better'than I do
tne farcical nature of this opposition.
It cannot ..rightly be called an opposition;  n'o two men,'be they ever so
able, ..could form an ■■'efficient- opposition.   It is a physical impossibility."
Those were the words used by Mr.
Parker Williams on the floor of the
legislature when he pleaded with the
government to bring down  Its bills
early «in the 'session and  not crowd
the important .legislation into the last
days as ,was done last session, making
it .impossible to consider, much less
debaite it.    Mr. Williams also asked
that the government  table  its bills
for  several   days before  submitting
them to a vote in order to give 'time
for their consideration and so that
the press and public would have an
opportunity to discuss them.
.   Whether the sense of responsibility,
not to say magnanimity,, of the government will lead it to meet Mr. Williams' very  reasonable^ request,   remains to be seen, but little caa.be expected in that direction.    It   is   not
'The Glad Eye," and, to quote from
the Dally Province. "You begin to titter shortly after the curtain rises. This
ri-pples^ into laughter which tends to
'become uproarious, and you view with
regret the dersentMn*; cur^'i. In thc
second act you laugh right away and
you feel mther worn out with mirth
for Ihe second act haa ao much comedy congested Into It that the Interval
comes with a relief. The third aot
eees everything straightened out and
you go homojpetfaetly eatijfjed'.wflth
'The -ftlad Kv*e.* which -ia clever, crisp
and cheerful, full of. point nnd punch
and Is a breeze of burlesque which
will blow away the biuea,"
The company Is composed of tweo-
ty-gevon nuembers, and the advanco
agent assures us that every aunt-nib*?
and every atjck of property will .be
brought to FWnle. It 1« not expected
■that the company wlU reimburae themselves for their stay ta this tojvn, and
In tho Western Journey, they made a
big jump Dnom Calgary to Victoria, in
the Jotter town ifilay-Inar to one of th«,
largest house* ever witnessed In the
capital. Tbey are paying return vlaita
to Edmonton, Calgary. Saakntoon,
Winnipeg and all hi* Battern cities.
If thlo show ia Rood enough for a return vlalt to thew* towiw, we have no
hesitation In raconwnendinir it to tho
FVtrole audience. The Dally Graphic
has the following to aay about tho
i»lAy: ". , , tha whole thing la eotcrud-
ntlHgiy funny ... a merry-go-round of
wildly comic situations yon are hound
to laugh until you are tired, and then
you laugh u«a.ln. . . la capital after
Wnner faro served up In tha very heat
IMKttble manner." nook your mala
(Kirly nnd mvo what will undoubted-
ly ho dlsaivpoln-tmeiut If you (Way.
IBiaiaiSJi^^ jM^JiMffiM^MS!SI®3S&eMiM&IMI5fflib
Premier Rebuked
Mr.''Williams' reply..was characteristic-''of .the man.-, It was so simple
and so convincing, at the same time
so sharp a .rebuke, that it must -havo
pierced the armor, of ithe p-resriier's
vanity.     , '  .      ; •
The-si'tuadon In the house .painfully
recalls  the absolute servility of the
Tory members to their leaders, and
the arrogant dominance ■ of the lead-
era over ■their ■followers'.    There are
•plenty of men on  the back benches
wbo are of independent, mould of mind,
even sore at the" government.    There
are some who believe in free speech:
who ..believe' .the govera-meni  should
be responsible to the peopH    These
men would gladly giive Mr. WilUaniiB
or iMr. Place tlie same sort of formal
support as  Mr.   Williajn«   save   Mr.
Brewster.   /But they dare nor*.    It is
as much.as theJr seats are wonth, or
whiat is tht* same thi tig, the .patronage
of their ridijig.   Take Forster, of Co-
liimilula, for example. Foaster had the
temerity to run against II. (J. Parsons,
whoso  administration  of Jii*s   ridilng
stank" in the nostrils of the people.
Parsons   was   the   Bowser   machine
nominee, but Forstcr, a straight Conservative, ran against him and beat
him.   Wb-e-n Forster appeared at the-
first  session   after  his  election he
found the door of caucus> shut, in his
face   He was given notice by Bowser
and McBride that they did not want
likely that a government  which re-1 even a str.Ught CoJiservatiw to oppose
fused to alter rule UO, as it did on  their selection ot local^andidutfes. He
to its diminuUve opposition, or feci a "hicaI twain and must pay for it by bc-
A. debate bn "Tlio Futility of tha
Trade Union M-ovemcnt" will take
place in thi» jWlnlint Hnl). on Sumlay
next, tho 1 at of Pebnitry, at 7.80 p,m.,
Iietwnen (leorge Knox, affirmative.
nnd William Minton, negative. Alt In-
tcrratcd lu the trnd<* uiikm movemetvt
•hould not niims this opportunity to
noma and hear this much dlaciiMwd
que-xllon tltfeah«d out by two men who
ore well able to handle thn same. All
ore cordially Invited,
Forty   Unions  Join   Federation—Annual Convention In Session—Let-
ter Carriers' Union Withdraws
26,—The fourth annual convention of
the British Columbia Federation of
Labor opened today with IU delegatea
attending, of whom 45 were from Van*
couver and eight from tiie Interior.
The only (Incident of the first aeaalon
was the announcement by President
Slvertz, of Victoria, that lie waa not a
regular delegate to the convention be-
eauae his own union of letter carrier*
had teen fit to sever their connection
with the federation since his election.
While under the constitution he would
hold office during the convention, ho
would not .be eligible for any ttflce
for next term.
Although not atated, the letter carriers' withdrawal from the Federation
waa because of the stand taken hy
organized labor against the militia,
Hecretary-treaaurer Mldgley'u report
•bowed a total Income of fS.GOO and
an expenditure $ 100 ion*. Hinw the
Uul ioiiH'.!-inm lii ive unions had withdrawn and tlir«'c dlfbanded. These
represented -17*0 mpm*!»«>ro. Forty other
unions have come into affiliation.
These comprise a membership of 2.0! I.
Tha total mcmbornhlp to dato I* in,*
9.1ft, be longing to 120 unions. Overturn had been mndo io farm* r»' organisation* of th« provltice  with a
Tremendous Lockout
Affects All Men of
Building Trades
view to securing co-operation, but few
It was also reported that the rofor-
endura on the advisability of calling a
provincial strike as a protest on behalf of the striking miners met with
•poor response, Only 12 organisations
sent replies. These showed a total of
670 in favor and 270 against, the majority being largely members of Michel (.Miners' Union, which voted 395
for and six ngalnst. No action had
been possible on the returns thus
made, added th« report.
Nearly HO resolutions are before the
convention. A lady delegate, Miaa
Outtridge, 4a to the fore with a request for equal suffrage and an eight-
hour law and minimum wnge board
to government the employment, of
women. All wiil ho debated in committee before bolng presented to tho
International Organisation to Continue
to Aid
27.--The labor coin i,ntlon ln-ld but one
br!«f session to»!a>. A u>kgiuu was
received from tin* miners' eonvunUon
at Indianapolis stjulng that tho strike
on Vancouver I*'«ii<| had imtt fully
riiMHUMMstl and thnt the trnltcd Mine
Wort-iftre would cmtltwi to fliwino
and aaslit the Ixbin! miners until a
satisfactory agreement had been
reached. T|ie telegram .was signed by
George 'Pettlgrew. who with Clwlsto-
pher Pattlson Is delegate from the
Inland miners to the Indianapolis convention. Prealdent Wa-tters of the'
trades and labor congress of Canada
la & visitor to the Indianapolis conven*
-tion In tlio interests of tlie striking
Canadian miners.
The resolution committee reported
upon n dozen resolutions, which were
adopted. The chief of these urged the
exclusion of Asiatics from mlnea. A
long debate on this involved the whole
jfljory of Uie employment of Orientals
on the Island In order to defeat tho
wh'He miners. Several of the delegatea
said the Oriental waa not tho worst
'offender at Cumberland and pno said
"the KnglWimnn wn* the worst Chink
of tho lot."
Another resolution adopt**! urged
!eg«islatM>n for an night-hour dny ami
a minimum wages board for women
workers. Ail the delegates favored
votes for womon.
Whon the convent Ion resumes on
Wednesday It will continue tho dis-
m-j-iulbJi of, a 1'MHoiuuoti winch il(*cl!ircs
that the federation »hail not become
a party to nlllancea with nr i'iul(ir*-o-
niDiita <rf any potltieal party at this
time. Among new resolutions pro-
pon^l Ih ono which, aeeka probibliion
bv unions of membership lu Ui* ml-
JVi'ai; amtfl'cr m:.<*M$ DomlnJon lcglnl».
t'on to r*'*eh!b!t tiro Importation of
piofessioi^l strll«* hrenkers.
stifficicnt sense of responsibility to
the public, to do anything so dangerous. Rule 110 provides that a division of yeas and nays with the names
recorded requires the demand; of not
less than three members.
Sees No Reason
Premier McBride stalled on the
question. Ho said he could recall no
occasion when Mr, Williams or Mr.
Place had ever seen any good in the
works of the administration, and they
could bo safely conn ted upon to oppose every .measure brought in by the
government. He could fliee iio reason I
for changing the rule.     -t
Infe-remtlally his rubber stamp ma-j
Jority could be counted on to vote for t
and cany overy measure of the government no matter how Iniquitous it
might be.
A division wa* taken and every rubber stamp ln the cha-mh«v-jtwenty-
two In all—voted against it. It seems
odd that the premier himself could
seo his way clear to'introducing-*an
amendment to tho constitution which
opens the way for grafltfnir members
to loot the treasury at will and yet
could sec no reason why -the opposition should not have tho simple privi-
lego of calling for a division of yeas
■and nny«. lt. simply proves uguJu tlio
total Inability of the government to
see that they aro responsible to tho
people for their acta and that their
administration of affairs should be
recorded so that he who mns may,
I am reminded bv thin Incident of
•ing ostracised,: Yet Forater -himself iB
in leash. He dare not open his mouth
in the house. He dare not give, the
Socialists formal support In -demanding a division. He Is neUter political
fish, fowl nor good red herring.
Sir Richard's reply to Mr. Williams
waa one of the'..dheat expositions of
the art of peddling the '-popularly-
known brand bf grass leniHiste ever
heard in any parliament. As the
small boy says, "You've got to hand
it to Dick when It comes to jmSdlln-ic
the bull."
A • iine-Knage wait reco!vott * from Ottawa on January 22, as follows:
Clemency*** io the striking m4n«rs
who |«TtJ<dpatc<l In the Nanaimo
riots Inst aummer' and at*** now mir
d«irgo!ng bwitencejs of from oito to
two yeans is likely to <be extended.
Just wbeJi this will be don«* i.t not
deaermlned. It Is ujMNiintfood tJiat
petitions from ovtr eight thouiwind
ivraylng for their reW»« hnv«» 1>«*>*hi
VANCOUVER, Jan. 2t5.~On Mondny
inornin-g ,'t registration bureau for thu
city'H unennt'loycd will in* oiwne-d iin
tho Labor Temple. Men ami nom-'ii
seeking work arc nakwl by tho *'oiir
  mitten in   charge   to  ivglater th*4r
the treatment accorded to Mr. Brew-1 namiiw, addre*** and tr«i<l»js, if any.
ater In the last parliament when h« i at th«* office, which is loeittwl on 1Ii«!
mi na the lone Liberal In the lioune
On several occnalona ho asked' 1h»*
premier to allow one of his ruWicr
stamp brig«d« lo second his (Mr.
Brew»tor»» rewoIutionR which the |»ro-
wround floor, 008 Homer i*tr«et, Tlii*1.
wmmit<«e of unemij>loy«?d who «ro to
chance of the buixsuu will nyttUmuitii.*,
unJ clnwlfy »h« applications* .u.l
work out a system to placo the rlgM*
mlor migalltitiily n'fimed t« tU,,   t ri*- < man In the rlfrht ptae-    Tht xouuim
1M-0-W Workman Out of Employment
tMMiiif tn Central  London  Will
C.9*t,   t^imf—*i.tt*nittm«*H  B*ltt*40§
lO.VDON. Jan. M.—A ir*mmtkm
tockemt Hi tba London building trades
win begin today, affecUa* lM.000 man
wlio have declined to «i«u tlu* *t*rm»
•AS-..i.*. wj * kit*, im^ottimtm. •uui«uuar
thenaalve* to * p-OMlto of tire dollar*
tor rafoaal to work wit* non amoniats.
Tb* loekont fonna the revenge or the
«mbIb)W* for th* aporadic atrlkea
wtmt tatr» trnrn -tit -ftwjnent occur-
twae*. A t-wwral atrtke waa thraftt-
mWI In tlw mumm when tiie man
*»WfM to drive out the noft wtvtoiUnto.
A ■luwerof Mtamta would hara been
dlaaatnma for the mbAjkw, -whttm o
•tat-ipr tt tola neal fcwta the w*n wost.
99^^^^^^^^^^^^. iu^^ Aay*^AA*^^
AH lia balWtag it watiml Umtkm
,wm -WHtottl* momtof. *n« tha eww-
UoMof UtoM«c««U]rlNiUa«dami«i.
tar at mm mi-mmm. MiMinga,
Aaaa. tototo ufDwn HteMlac -tito
■^P^P^^n^f     Wm**l^^tl^**w      ViPP'wwif     (f^-w-w ^wwmm^^^j      m^m^m
tMtw *tttkm ot iim AwaWaHaa govern-
tito twfotm. nim a latai point wn-
I'liuiloynw'ti't, benefit lit tiivo mm of a
lockout, Juat aa tf thay warw dlimlaaed.
'," ""  -; sA'Sm.:,, .'. I* «.*.»<-« ^.m. vmf
Kr* InellwMtle to <h# towf-M in emr* '
i\imi*i* ol tmtm mvolved to a
illaputo.   fhe point will 4m
Id parliament and amy hmd to «A
imendment nf tha act.
MILAN, Italy, .Ian. 3&.~~Th» Social
i*t dtiHity. Trevct who waa re-ciected
at Milan in the general elat-tlona In
Xovember, rw»»ntly withdraw from
thia c<.w\»*i5Ui.uj, acctfjilSua tbe teat
In the Chamber from another constituency, in 1^1 hope thai tbe revolutionary ftoclillut, Amllio Clprlano, a
former member of the Paris commune,
irmtM ho elected in his place for Milan. In tha November afoot Ion*, Clp-
rlatto wat* defeats by Leonlda IMsao-
teti-nertanaachl. leader of th* reform-
the thtnl consecutlvo cane lir which
tin* Juror* have tnken this course.
Mr, S. K. Itlrd. for the defetine,
r*ff-t*r««l no ttvMfaco and in h'<* ad-
'Irt'Hu ta tba Jury aaaured the twclvw
men that the crown had rnatl^ oot
tin cH«e agmfftv*! h'.a «Uct,'.. Mr,
Justice 'Moninon aaitiiwl the Jury
thst the crown had made out a c«a«
and chara««d against the priton-er,
tlii.- fh-aiki,': y/u,*j L'iimmau *u*  n* tim
in! by more than 11.000 v«tM. Ho
ho now Iiiih, ho would Imve granted an
Injunction restraining tins government
from deporting 4h« men,
tiljmiOW. Scotland, Jan. 2«.- The
annual Scottish I^nbor confertsne<», anting 1-^re t'x!.<j, s*a»«*l « jwte«ij»Un>
reaolntlon demanding that thu Rrltlsh '
government recall Vlucount Uladatomt,;
(lovwrnor-tieneral of South Africa, be- j
catis-n of thc doiwrteitlon of labor leatl- j
ers    nt   f'npAtown.    Tlio   resolution;
ntwmgly condemned tlm government'
of th« Union of Mouth AWm tor Hsi
action, >
"t...*r*.t   •j«!tnM«!»   »«»»«  UI.-IMOTlUl   ill
■iii <iUt>> llmi. on tlie ocejiKinn of Mr.
Rrow-Kttt's amendment t« the Koverii-
inent'a naval rewlutlnn. after the premier had refused tn loan Mr. Hrewster
a seconder. Mr. William* hud the manliness and breadth of mind tn Hi-eotel
the resolution Just so that It might
iset before Ihe house, although he wiw
opimsed to it In prlnelple. The |ire>
ml<-r In his reftt) io Mr. Ilrowat-fr
twitted Mr. WllllaniM* with bavin* for-
; Kuken bin iiiiti-armntiietu eonvtctlouii
; •hiMi'.'h In* very well hue* the jv.'uun
j why Mr. WHlinniH had K-ecntided Mr
nrnwhter'u re*>liitloti.
led will aiipply lt« «*'tvi<(* free it* Ut*,
unemployed tux well as io tho onv
i.'iiyi'n**)t J.ilmr. A mei Unx lo tH.*rU*ti
tho drgfuitoiitlon will be b««ld tin Sun
day night In the -Colonial Ttientm
imuxninlr »tree.t. Mr. Hum AtMnwin
will tmmk en "The ItiulitH <«f Men-' et
that ni»^4lrn;
.Wu.   T.>,    Viti'   f'aroh.'lth     mn    *i
1'liillp (UnMelhi, ti Ked '.'' yeiin     P.m
<r,«l will t.-ilte plti.'-e tram U<riii:ui t ..!-.
I nib  ("liuiNl** ei, H.iiif|,'«v «t .t ivi'i-*>-|.
Sweeping Investigation
Into Strike Conditions
r.nn*i.\, vntitiu Africa, Jan. ZM. j v^,^  itrmvivif^ii-.i.j' "■•■,
• '•H^r'Ji'i-'' ^li1-^!'VV"'H «* the "violation of'the i
labor leadeni waa carried out «-.. H^,.- *t uwh-k m.
rec«ir«d almost double tha vote of hit
opponent It la certain that Ma election, howwrer. will he annulled, owing
to ttto fart tlwt he haa be»n deprived *™
ot hin ftttVMti.,* t-tiSt,,., »   ._^% ^ ^^     "
Imprtaonmoaf. Tlio RxtremUta, ovw
jny*6 at tha victory, held donton«tra
tions throngboot the eity.
mott element-
.to. «..wi. i-^ «i.h« ih.i iim„ ««. i Bf> rt**1* 0f Rrttlah dtliwnshlp," by
South Africa,
— «WHhttl»f aiw-W-Hto—-
Would Pravsnt Um af Troopo Aflalnn >
Cltittno Unloaa at Civil Rtquatt
BE91MK, Jan SS.—Tha dorman lm- j
pivftif pnirtfflm«*<nf Jtatnr<tay, lu tvrdw
to demomrtrwe tt* indlgnatlof over
tj» Tw*tvt Iwrdffi'ntu betwiwn tb#> tnlP-
tury ana civilian* at fcatwMti, A!**ce.
Adopted by • large majority a nwtAo-1
tkm demanding that the *g»v«mm*nt
tike actton to prevent tb* use of gov-
•rwaMnt troopa agataat cttltent ttnbnaa
al lbs reqnoat nf tha dvii autboritto*.
TV honse tlwn adjourned «Mil
Slmtmrr 9**h{ fwwuMng off tta (KwciiHt
Hob of Uto InNtorlal Wdgat as * m-
tm ttufiat th* ulbmtm tut tha trtnto-
rmi otfMwlkir. tii: Von Bathmmio-
Mtmwtt. mi Ht athar «laM*m 4w-
Robsrt  Hamilton  la  TMri  Striking
Minor to bt Convict** on
Ibis Charg*
VXStWWm, tt X Imvmij 2".
—tAooihor young miner was found
gwiltr by th* jury tn tlie atwtae
oourt yantorday afteriiiMM on th*
Hgbteat «mmt of the aft on Um la-
(ItctUMtU. TU» mm hoWmn Hamtt-
ton, a mam *oy, wiw wnn fonwl
gitllrr oT unlawful assembly at Ki-
tanstoo tn th* August rtota, to* Jnry
dantrnetiow wt vnvtHt.- win.  TMn la
kmown of nhc bti:wmtnti toda>.
The mon who Iuul taken a prommln-
*nt part in the recent atrlko arriv««d
...    ... -   .    *   . *. .-*...»» a.%*4iU.     .<ki
midnight, they were placed on board
tlw steamer thngenl which ssllod Immediately for Knglntid.
Th« <m*rrt d«»portation by the South
Mrimo govwiment of the utrlke leaders has aroused wi<l<ttpre<ul comment
In Kngland. fiottbt tn cxpwaaed aa to
•■vh-vtU-s'V lltn nw-n *••'• '•-»• i«*itnttt**tl to
And an a«)lam In Kti«!tnd.
.lame* Ramwiy Macdonald, n Social.
M mototwr r>t mrtt:in*i'*.'   .*. ■/..•■>i-*.i ...
tne (tout* Afrtean govemmcnt'ii action * "toluttoit cairlc* authority  to mh
Htarlnps Will be Conducted by a Sub ;
Commlttoo Shortly j
**.\t*,u.\*,iu.\, it, v.,. Jan. 3T.--A i
•■""i' ■'i v   '.'.-'t y,-n.,:,■,;, ,,,-   .,,',.. «jitu ,
conditions in the eo!»| Held* of Colo !
r«i!o ond the coppor dlatiict of Michl-
uir ■*,* antborltid b) tb** b-uuM* into:
today by a vot*» of 151 to Ui. j
H-Mirinatt will be eoitdncted hi the
•frtt'i* TfP"tm-: X,.  -i •■•ii ...;••  .    ■;•-
If ,UI>   I IT all ill'  llttn.-  I ilL.tllKlllH ..»-
1st. whnt mtiw» led up to tb« **ai,ai-
Number of Working Day* Lost St.c*t
Inerssso—Coal Mint Strike
Chlrflv Br.nt*t*9» <-
aa i» very cyntoil conciniiion to thn
South African war,"
CIIICAOO, Jan. 21.—A «tnj of mandate in thn ia*** of the «lie«<*il ityiui
mUern convicted at IndianapoIU and
who**- tiimllr'tll/m* fnr (:''-•'   *:.*i!.-. i
 — J eenfly were deuiied. was trrttuii-tl 'hn
intUTtmiA. 1'nion of South Afrtca.' Jf^|S?£? h^filTJInJt4Ml *W"
Uo.   a.-~t1mn   pr»^.!lnta  against «    rKSierfrtitSk,ho ,t. r
ibi. mini**--™ fit iti*^'*, d#fwii# and}   ^^ <"*".°» mnr of th^ *'r
thtt Interior hf**,***- of thoir action In j
deporftnr  tb#-  t<<HHh   African  *trtko
toadwrm tM-gan toda)
'i'ton *«prwrw« -wtrt jnrtre, Mir John
W. W<Mwria grantMl an application for
leave to apply to attack th<» threw min-
Istera for eontom^t of court.
Tha Jud«e dcvlafwd Uiat If ha had
y«nt«d«y pommmotl ih* InSmMUlMi
mitm itppmltid and new trial* **hr*<
orders! for nil of then* TMiy'*
iiMtnUate tnm the »ffert of xaylnif »•»■
''!,IH!'\Itt   Uttt   *.rOMU_   Of   lh*   fninltlHl*
t**»»ty-fotir until tha aaprcme court
of thf TTnlt^d Statoa \xtum** wt nu ap*
l»al. Application to thia cc»urt f<ir »
writ of certkwnri will be made by At
torany B. Nf, Zofln* for the defend.-* ntn
on PV*roary 7.
IHX'tm witne»»e« for teftttmbuy under j    OTTAWA   J.in, .'».',.-   A
<*atl« «ndto require the produttloti of \ lnl**r f-wd-ilmit duritiK IM
nfCoril« nnd imfiera.   Seven dlffeivnt | by 'he l.ihor deiiarttnrtit,
aubJet'N of iiHiuiry ttro tfM»cif|i»fl In the j the in tnr,.l tendemv of Irs •'
roaolution: ilttlotm du
Whether th« po»lal aertlcea nre In-j e*p*ed:*tii:.
tcrfwnwl wlfh. ! ■ i".
\\ ii''li<r (hi; JtiiiiiigmOon  Ut%$ are
belmr violated.
','"... y..i i *il.-wi,* Have bt-eti ;tr!'.,i''<"t
;n;ij n.C'l coKirao to the coimtituijorii*. fewer »•.') k<* an i bHiiii'. i,
or lawn of the I'nllwl St»i*-» : th,ni fn  !•'',•.•   .ijti.'ru-h tt;.- .t^-!..^?*
Whetherormdlitou-Hhavei«f-«-i4 <an«eil \ ni»tnlt««r <•.' -Aorkinw div« I*->v' '.< >
• iv .'iisreeuit'iit* wnd cotnMfi ul'i-jf '-nil- i g^'.i:<:f T!t. !,.ui>'.x-r of trail-i-db>|Hit«'
t«»ry to law for controllhtx t;u pro-f wua 11^. ;<h .iimitnre.1 wjth iw diirif,
<to"tion,   *»1e   snd   tratiK-pwut.o.i   ofill*!..   'lh-tnimtw r *»f worke-n-affw
flit lit !-.
I.inr-i'f •
fewer »•.'
r • • hi* *    i"
prii»ar« i
•mtiv   tli.r
i-tri.ii ■•<••
to the fii!.ui«i,t.' »<riii(K>»ii*.,,
luring the |a*tet Imlr 1,1 tlw
, ■■:.   ,i .,..,. . .    ...,.*.. .'.-ii   i *.,-
I r.-tvln-ri'**, and lai■'*. **f ••tntdo1
U'l It-
eoal or t ooi»»r
rt hotter nrmn nnd ammuniUoa U»v««
!>«><*» shipped Into th« ftoldti for tlw*
iMiilHii'e of eieludin-jj tht* prvnluefn of
th* mtt»«i fiwn compwltlve swtrknto
in lm«mt*to trade.
Wbwher poonago oxln* or haa been
'''I "l. il;; "' ,  ,;". .lu i ...i.,..LtfH *ttn +o,.ti •
during I*>*.-' Tb« numbur of workiiit;
tttiyn hi** '.van ii|ipro\Itnatel\ 1 jr.tt.tiiie,
nn Inerca*-" ef uflouf* l.'O.WWMner luu.
Th* »'rtk« oi <o*l miner* on \'m-
nm-nw Miiml, which r*an!t*4 in a to*
of &»«,ih»i ttoy*. li aocountnbie for rhi<t
,    \
Directory of Fraternal
Meets    every    Wednesday
evcnbia at S o'clock in K. P.
|   Hall.
W    Noble (Irantl, H   K. Barnes.
Q     Secretary, ,T. li. .Mdk'.ejohn.
Meet at  Aiello's  Hall sec-
|f    ond   and   third   Mondays   in
*t    each month,
w       .lohn M. Woods, Secretary.
Form*',  Hox C"7.
Youth Dies in Prison
Death of Joseph Meares in Burr.aby
Gaol is Subject of Dramatic Speech
in Provincial Hciisc~by Parker Williams,   Who   Accuses   Government
Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
0. t\, 0 Barton.
K. of R. S„ Chas. Uuhrer.
M, of V., Robt. Dudley.
Meet  every   Monday  at 8
p.m. in K. of )?. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill;
Secretary, W. F, Vance.
don't fool in dealing with ihe miners
of jiiy constituency, nor do they fool
in d.'iiiin.sr with nie. I am not fooling
when I tell you 1 have received from
and Judge Howay of Gross Injustice j these men in jail this message, com-
—Nanaimo Prisoners Are Starving.' infi irom their agony: "For God"s sake
—  try   and   make some arran-seinent to
VK'TORIA, Jan, 22.-— "l.u-.: t wains,; s*-t u» sufficient to eat, even of the
.Mr. Speaker, I had tlie honor of so's'uff we do get.'
ending the resolution of s.vinpauiy to I Prisoners Are Doped   •
the iamily of the late Lord Su-aiiu-ona, j * "Not only aro these men ill fed,
a man to whom the highest {ill t in the j eentlemen, but in addition they are
power of the people of ahe empire had ; deped. Tht-y are vitally weakened and
been Riven.   Today 1 wish ui ,-ih\ik of j an easy  prey
ho   too   goes   the   waj    of   Joseph
It was the most dramatic appeal so
far  made   for  jus:ice,  impartial  and
toria in tho year 1864'. This Act included sanitary , regulations for factories; that is, works in which no
fewer 'than 10 persons were employed
in the process of production, 'Tlie
maximum working time for'women
was fixed at eight -hours per day, allowing, however, for exceptions. This
latter condition gave cause for much
discontent, and upon a commission being appointed in the year 1SS0, for the
purpose of going into the working of
this law, it was discovered that women
■were employed in many cases 16 hours
per day and men as many as 18 hours.
The employers had appointed more apprentices than reported by them, in
order, as far as possible, to evade tlie
reasonable, for the miners of Vancou-1 obligation  to  pay wages.    In  1884  a
ver Island.    Jlr. Williams choked as/new law was introduced which made
he concluded. Recognizing the futility of a human app'.-al for the miners,
he turned to other matters. His comments on the adulation -accorded the
premier, in the speech from the
throne brought roars of laughter .when
he added, "I must admit the premier
receives manifestations of a disposi-
nn easy  prey  to disease and  this ils
anothi r who is dead—tlili- nine a nu re j what  has happened to this mere boy ] .{ion to worship him.   With becoming
whenever a renegade from
another /party wants to join the flock
hoy,   Joseph   Meares,   who  died   two j from L-a.lysmith. Joseph Meares, who! modesty
Hai'vsii[>|ili('{l  witli   the   licit   W'ine.s.
Liquors anil Cigaiv
• Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone  121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
B. C.
Barrlster, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
Ftrnle. B.C.
F. C. Laws
Alex. I. Fiihe'
Fernie, B. C.
A short time ago at Steamboat
Springs, Colorado, there .was some Ufa.
tory written that should cause men
to pause nnd ask themselves the que*
tion, "Aro we living in a country
where 'ailgh-t Maker Jllgiif?" At
Steamboat -Springs a number of striking.' miners were before the court
chained witli various violations of law.
These striking miners belong to Oak
Creek, nnd when charged with violations of law rind brought before the
rourts math* no resistance whatever,
IJut whilo their trials were enguplng
the attention of a court and jury, an
organization known as the Taxpayers'
U'ligiiu Invaded the court and demanded that tito striking miners on trial he
, umic'il ovor to tlie l.euguo, -tint]
through force of tirms the court com-
plied, U-lth the dictum of the mob. A
number uf these men on trial were tie-
ported und uliis governor of the state,
whin Interviewed relative to such on
liftprt-'c'iiden'ted' assault upon human
rU'ht'H'iind the judiciary, practically dc
• ■lure;!, according to the press reports,
that It wan all right as long an tho
Taxipaypra' Uuue did imt liaii'ltsh the
striking miners beyond tin* boundaries
bf tlie state.
hi other word*, n mob c.itHi'g ItHt-lf
a Tuxpnyern' l.eiiuiie can forcibly mini. »*.n iiff-i"'-* it ifl -.ol'/.i. ineii nn irliil
..iiiwl dt'liort them (ram the renin ty In
wivlch they live, and *Hi<ii act ton de-
Ki'TVt'H n',i r< b'ltte from a m<»v< rrnr
wl.it litis sworn to uphold the law nnd
the forttliution of ihe mate, >.
I'mlitily, with all hi* Infauiy'T IiT*h
prince ennvjmred with the tfplui'lpx*
•rriituri' :li:it now dlagrafe* t'olonulo
«H ity <'*!ili,'f ,Mi«lstnt«e. I'citbody stood
out In 'the opi'ii .iiitl diH'1«W'd himself
the ew my <;f lu ior. Imt the libel on u
limn who now fits In the guhermitorliil
ittiir of Colorado i» n whining, crltig.
Ing HrkHplftK who, through lit* pre-
teii-Hlon* of friendship fur labor, crawl,
ed Itito m off lie thst he lit no more
worthy to f"I tltHti n torn idiot In tlm
s>:ih*y nf iiumbukiillti
UftUrrb fcuttr-nlj UvtmlUvdAm«j
ti.iys ago in the lowest i*-*:ioniy
wliich a people nifty reduce anyouu. I
refer to that youth who iiii d r.\o days
aso in the jail at lHirnaby. a son of
one of the Ladysmith miners. He
had been arrested in connection with
the disturbances of last August. They
ware occurrences of no size whatever,
to anyone who knew of •conditions, in
spite of which fact large numbers of
men are serving long terms of imprisonment. And this mere boy was one
of these."
Speaking with a voice choked with
feeling, Mr. Parker Williams .opened
the debate in reply to tlie speech from
the throne today, having outmanoeuvred Sir Richard Moiiride last evening
by moving the adjournment, and thus
having 'the first right to speak today.
He spoke for two hours and ten minutes, never pausing for notes'and
'While he was discussing the case of
Meares, a dead silence prevailed in
the assembly.
"I have a personal interest -in the
Joseph -Meares case," he continued,
"because my son, who is about the
y-a-me age, was also Implicated. I understand that this mere boy Meares
was told that if lie .pleaded guilty to
rioting he would be released. In my
boy's case''be refused to do anything
like that and was acquitted. .This
boy Meares did plead guilty. He had
made no reply at the preliminary hearing and pleaded guilty at his trial.
Whether any promises were made to
him I cannot say, but he was sentenced to twolvi- months in jail.
"1 make no apologies for discussing
here in th? nouse Judge Howay, of
New Westminster, who sat on the
cases in Nanaimo. 1 have some conception of what !he unties cf a Judge
ln this province are, or rather, until
to j is dead
n a common jail.
"And how did lie die? My information, and it is reliable 1 believe implicitly, is that he was ill a week be-
ibre he died.    His parents were not
he refers to our n-vered leader, and
is promptly admitted to the inner
winctU'in of the Tory jwrty. In fact,
so bad are some of the country mem-
even notified of hts condition. \viien;,bm affected that uhen the premier
this boy died there was no loving i elUerg ,thfl assemWv. ahVays at the
hand upon his brow, no hand or voice  ,.|ght moment, the •up-country' inenv
cf .parents or even friends In bis last
hour," and here the voice of Mr. Williams choked completely, "but the
last voice he heard as.he passed rway
was that of the cold, brutal warden
who was his guardian,
Man, Devil or Angel
"A child once asked a. famous
'sculptor- who stood before a block of
marble, what he would hew out of it.
The sculptor replied, 'There is in that
marble,. Mian; devil or angel, I must
get what I can. There, is all the goodness or all the evil that can be.'
"So it .was," said Mr. Williams to
a solemnly hushed assembly, "with
that boy. In' that boy which the government so. crushed were all the illimitable -possibilities .of-good which are
in any man. That is -what this government destroyed when it destroyed
that ho):
"I ask for the stunned mother and
father-no sympathy from this house. Ho wing
They will carry their agony to their
grave.   1 shall not say much more, be-
bers have an Irrepressible desire to
rise and sing, 'God Save the King.*"
lie then turned to matters of politics, and attacked the public accounts
presented by the auditor-general and
demanded more details, comparing the
llimsy volume accounting for $15,000,-
UUO spent in 'British Columbia with a
book live times that size which is required for details of the expenditures
of Ontario of like amount. Ontario
costs $7 iper head to govern; why $40
■per capita is necessary in British Col-
uaii-jia? He charged gross extravagance In all departments, Tbe premier's trip to Fort Ueorge to fix up a
party squabble cost $1,617. It was a
tiOO-mile trip from Victoria. Mr. Williams thought $1.33 for every mile
travelled too rnucn on the taxpayers.
Under the bead, "The Modern Aus-
ikm 'Book." an exchange has the Sol-
good many of the deficiencies of the
old Act-
Today thc employment of children
under 11 years of age in factories is
forbidden in all Australian states. In
Smith Australia and Victoria, girls
may not 'be employed until they have
completed their 15th year. The maximum working time for women and juveniles from all states is limited to 48
hours per .week. In Tasmania the
working time for women may not exceed 10 hours for one day, in West
Australia 8% hours.' 'Children may
not be employed in New South Wales
after 6 o'clock in the ©veiling; the
■same in the case of girls in Victoria
nnd Western Australia.
We havo received the. following
•from St, Sophia: We have to thank
the zeal and spirit of self sacrifice of
the members of the Bulgarian (Re
formist Workers' Federation during
the time of the war, and also after the
demobilization, for the .present progress which ds being made in the Bulgarian laibor "movement. During the
critical time, that is, during the eleven
long months over which the war extended, the whole of the 'public aud
political life was strangled in consequence of the martial law. During this
time no organizations existed other
than the Workers' Federation and the
organization of the Social Democratic
Party, with wbich the former is asso-
eiatefl; lu spite of all difficulties, the
work of this organization was continued, just as well as was possible under the circumstances. Only 500 mem-,
bers remained in fhe whole country,
must bear their cross in silence to
'.heir graves. To appeal to you is to
meek their grief."
Dramatic Indictment
some   conception,   but IV seems these '    It was the most dramatic Indictment
judges assume functions   which   tbey] heard in the house for years,
"As a fjatboatman on the Mississi'P-1
pi  Aibnaham  Llnraln  saw a  negress!
.■cause words here but mock their trou-i soid u.1Wn the auction block at New i  .,,,,.,,._ ..j      ,„„..,,. fomni„ w„^"a;a'
•b*B.   >»ut this I shall say: That the \ Orleans.    Fired   by  the spectacle of a™ *hese ™re moBtlj female workers
root of all this sorrow and this suffer- j s.avery, he said: 'Ureal Cod I If 1 ever
ing will be-found in the incompetency, i,have a chance to bit slavery 1 will
inactivity,   callous   and   domineering.! bit it, and bit it hard!"
method.* of the government ™ hand-,    ..Wlll.en> M President,  he laid the
nig th:s situation from the beginning, j ,iman,dpatiou proelaHu.j0Il ,berore his
1 can say no more.   Meares   parents | CaWnet> he S!llil.  ., d0 aot ]ay ,this
before you for your advice, but only
for your information. 1 have promised,
my God I will do tliis, and I shall do
now I believed and 'thought I did have |
'Rut while. Lincoln kept his pledge
trial of these men, -made the mistake! other is going, and I shall be pleased j co"n p>
of going to Ladvsmith'before he sen-! to   supply   the   attorney-general   his |      in every city of the naUon today
tenecd  them and after   hearing   the ■ name.   Meares is dead.   This other is i are auction  biocks—slave markets-
evidence. ! not.   Something can be done for bim
, •      .-      - ,-  i      ,      i-     -i  ■., .i.„ i,„„.., t „.,,.- "u*- «i«ne. ijiucuin Kepi ni» pieus-i
uugc-s assume functions   which   they   nei rd j    tlw hou-e *£>««•». t0 Wg (J „ am, destro,.ed tte ,nlfern*|
iave not the right to assume. Judge Attorney-General Bowser had just' ins,ti.-.ltioa of „-„,.n sia.Vervhe <Ud noi
icway., in,tead of dealing- with these , ^.^"'J^' £ ttTSttatflS
nses on the evidence adduced at the j dressed him:   One boy has gone.   An-1 countpv
<?   V
by the Box
How you smack your lipa over the delicious tang of a
golden "Sunkist" orange!   Breakfast would be a blank
without it. . ■••.*...
"Sunkist" are the finest selectedyoranges grown. Seedless,
tree-ripened, thin-skinned, flbreless. Picked, wrapped In tissua
paper, and packed by gloved hancU.   Cleanest of all fruits.
"Sunkist" Lemons on Fish and Meats
'•Sunkist" lemons aro the finest fruit selected from tho
best lemon groves of California. Mostly seedless. Juicier—
more economical—than other lemons.
"Sunkist" Orange Spoon
Guaranteed Roger* A-l Standard Silver plate, Rich,
heavy. Exclasive"Sunldst"pattern. 27differentpremiums.
Por this oranga spoon send 12 trademarks cut from
"Sunkist" orange or lemon wrappers and 12 cents. "Red
Ball' • orange and lemon wrappers count same as'' Sunkist.''
In remitting, send all amounts of 20 cents cr over by postal
note, postoffice or espress money order.
Send your name for our complete free "Sunkist" premium
circular and Premium Club Plan.'
Reduced prices at your
Oranges by the box or
Address all orders for premium
silverware and all correspondence to
105 King St., East, cor. CluiA-t, Toronto, Oot.
i (where -iinem.plo.ved workers crush for
 Sees-One-Section iJbis_4aung_jnaii_iif^5_la_^ne,^tJlia.
-He rubbed noses there, not with j finest young-men who ever came here
the whole population to get a fair
conception, -but with one section of the
population, and a small one at that,
who were villainously and polsonously
opposed to the miners. And after
talUni? to this partlzan section he returned and sentenced these mere boys
and men to from three months to two
years and was only restrained in his
severity by the limits of the criminal
code. I am sorry the attorney-general
is not here to hear what I say, but
nevertheless I must say it.
"I nm reliably informed tlmt if the
diet mid other conditions in jail are
looked1 into, tliey tfill show us that
the vitality of these men Is -beliiR
lowered.    I hope you believe me.   I
from Scotland, that Scotland has ever
given to British Columbia. If the attorney-general or the premier will take
action, I, can supply evidence from
even Conservatives that he is incapable of the offense for which he suffers. When I saw liliu before Judge
Howay In Xanaimo in August he was
a wreck; when I saw him In December at New Westminster he was a
wreck. Surely something can be done,
"I quite understand that this sub-
ject Is one for Ottawa. IJut I know
enough of the workings of this and
the Dominion Conservatives to know
they uro as closely linked In thoir
actions as thieves at a country fair.
Surely -something can be done before Miners Magazine.
a place to offer themselves, not to the
TwghesTTnader, "GuT r*5f"WnTC"'OWjT~-K[ir
get—any poor pittance the industrial
slaver why be pleased to offer.'
"The employment office is the
shame of modem civilization. The unemployed mass .is the blackest tragedy
of all time.
"lt is the slave market of tolling
"Organized labor has set itself to
wipe this curse of civilization out of
the country.
"Union members da not resort to
this debasing method fcf getting jobs.
"With labor thoroughly organized,
the .workers would uot ho compelled
to sell *4uhem8elveB or to beg Jobs,"—
When is that Coab
Strike to be Ended?
It is not surprising'that the people, thai, of the United States, Is It reasoii
Total  4391
Thcsft numbers do not Include tho
members of Uie 2fl towns where varl
Tho conference of the industrial gov-
emlng bodies of the Commonwealth
was h«ld In Adelaide from Nov. 10 to
13, The -whole of Uio commonwealth
wa» represenited, with the exception of
Queensland, the numerous members of j cus workers' societies exist, but In
the conference -boing delegated by no I the case of which no report has, as
fewer than Tou.ooo workers. jytM, been reonivwl.   it mny be neeii
The following resolutions were car-! from these figures tlmt our federa-
ried,—- ; tions Isuve, In a short time,' alra-nly
"That a federal grand council be; half the number of members wblch
There    Is    another    consideration i formed, consisting of rwpres-eiitutln-s. ihtty had before the war.  At UiaJ. time
which cannot be Ignored,   It has betn j of the labor councils of the Common- 'be Trades Tnton Federation number-
said Miai* Canadian coal companies, be-j wealth," |«d 8.502 members.   We believe  wa
iug capitalized  beyond  their imyin« i  |"Thttt the conference affirms the [might ns*«rt that tho Trades Union
capacity,   welcomed   tho  trouble  on i need for closer organisation of unions. • Federation has now no fewer than «5..
and iens for'the man tn the street, it I Vancouver Island, because It afforded I   "That, to prevent overlapping of MO mwnbers.    Five hundred trades
are beginning to ask thomselvus:
How m'lich Is the prolonged and 'bitter
coal strike on Vancouver Island costing ihe province? Thero Js, of coiirH>.
the loss In w.iges to the minors/which
equally, of eoum*. means less moii'V
in circulation In Drltlsh Columbia
let-'H for the shopkeepers and trad-i's-
people, b-ti,-* money to be commanded
hy those who can command (money,
utile to suppojie Chat it would adopt
loss objectionable methods ln dealing
wiib a relatively -much less powerful
body, the conl miners of Hrltlsh -Columbia?
and juveniles.    It was naturally impossible  for   these   ,'t00  members  to
fully maintain the trades union activities of our federations; since the persecution on tho part of the Govern- i
mejit and the employers was too great. |
•They, however, .provided assistance for ■
the hun-irering families as well as for
the wounded soldiers during the bard
times.   In spite of everything, the federations have obtained 300 new members,' and notwithstanding the fact that
they have paid out large sums in benefits, their funds have-increased by 3,-
2b'G francs.
Since the organizations continued to
exist during the time of tlie war, It
was comparatively easy, after the demobilization, to re-organlze same. The
workers who returned frp-jn tho -battle-
-figjit-iljrMin.fi-IIjaIp—r>r-g»Tiignri|rtnB waltln.tr
Home Cured Corn Beef
Pork Sausages That are Famous
for them and all could again tako
their old places. The organizations
were maintained, the only thing that
was lacking was men to fill them, and
these had been accounted for by tbe
eleven months' war. The work of reconstruction began with great success
immediately after tlie war. The following table shows the position of the
organisation tu the case of 17 of the
more lmjiortant towns: .-
Federation Members
Transport workers    81.1
Metal workers    817
Printers     Iftl
Wood workers    263
Factory workers  :    331
lioather workers  (shoemakers)     010
Tailors     351
Textile workers     ?7S
■Miners      10'J
Tobacco workers     312
Shop assistants     38.r>
Brewery workera      37
— AU-our-Beefj-Vealr-PoFk-
and Mutton is Ranch Fed
means that Hrltlsh Columbia is the
poorer to tho extent of the money tliat
-should 'have been earned, but was not
earned, In wages by the miners on
Vancouver Island.
ThlK is by no menus all the loss to
Hie picple of 'tlie province. For many i
nwc'th* eoal hntt bad to be bnaight j
!rt;m thn utiier »h«j ui un* iiitiuniuii |
Line, It was dearer coal not. Indeed,
heemiHe the .price was hlirher. but lw-
(MitiM?, although the price wan the
came, the co:il wits of greatly Inferior
<ttia!Ity. More ef It had to lie burned
In fore an tfi-iml ln-nt eeujd bc drawn
from It; more of It bad to he purchss-
cl -before the heat desired eoiil I begin
to hu coaxed, or fumd. out of It. Tlmt
l«i to say, that more money bad to bo
»!»ent In Washington for tie coal sup-
lily nf Hr'tbh Co'umbln t!-in I' would
hiv^ been iit-cessso' ia i»peitd fn IlrJt-
l*h -t'oliimtita I'Hil our own eoal »uie
Uiem an opportunity iu <muk« good j iwlous, no stato council hIiuII accent: unionists have fallen in the wnr. fn
an opportunity which would* net have for affiliation more than one union I addition to ihis thi Government con-
oxtered under norma! conditions. What j covering the name trade or calling.;, tinn** tu persecute our federations,
are -the relations' of tho Provincial ] Any dispute In this connection mny be.'but notwithstanding this, they sre not
Uovernmeivt. through its individual' r« ferred to the federal council with j ablft to destroy sam«.
nififrtbers or in Its governmental atpi* j full power to act." j   The war landed us Into went flnnn-
citv, to the mine *>.vner» «<n Vanccuwr     "That Where dual linloim exlM Ms one ' elal difficulties. con»e<|iieiit upon the
l»!aud? i council  we recommend to the itate! economic crisis, Ihe great utitonploy-
'lh-.' if.'tt: ui' .;.(. j.i',,1. -..ii Ut-tn*: '-"i»'tinfUt* ft t'llii? fmrnp-'I't-'e «tetei tn tor tit nttil the m»wrr wftfcfi otfut-erf
in&uiti has bitu most Injurlmis to| merge such organisations Into one." !among the working population. The
flrKifh Coliitibui. What effect, for s "That realizing ihat a great proper-; tlulgarltui Trades t'nlons will ncve^
eMMiipic etiiihi ti;e tuperk'iice oi b»*i,i:ui» ut lmlm'.rhl erU-xitxi-:- oi :!»• tb^Je^ f|i»<! wiv# and means of over
year have had upon the mind of the I workera have political remedies, thew'coming these difficulties,
«Hir*wd IlrltMi Investor?   News of the! should he a closer union between thej —-~——
trouble  Miii'imi   tl mil  miner* on  lndu*trlal and political Muttons,**        i    Helen Keller, the Wind flrl. gsve
Prompt Delivery to Any Part
M. K. DAVIDSON   proprietor
Turner Block, Wood St.
*t\»   v^«   JLlJr fTri.JCvJL/ La
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A* CLA1K .•-/ Proprietor
Vancouver If bind was flashed by rep-
rmeiiutivi * ol well-known news agencies. ..Military law was supreme for
% time; civil law and ordlnar) criminal law were abrogate!   Whsi Jropre*
s'.on <-i-niid
•evotitor form but that
!lr'tl*li Columbia was one of the world
stages on 'Which war between capita.)
ptleti In<n avntlnhle to the consumer «smt Inler wan being wagnd to the til-
That was a direct am) unniwesirary ««*«iiom; -tint-t many of the workmen
'That in ihe opinion of conference
the time liss arrived'when »be working
hours shall not exceed eight on five
day* a week snd four on the usual
hall-holltlsy observed."
"That s statutory minimum w«te for
both   women  snd  girl
■froifted In each state."
the b-ewl twwilbte «lisw»r to tlm qu««>
Hon whv she is « Hoelsllst. She *ii».
i»ly said; "I thouiht."
lo*» to thw cunsumer ■prodigal iwssie
ttiinil up«;i tit- jiroviftr-.- by thf coa!
B'r'kft. nt rt tinn- when money wtnU.
tStttts ealUd (ur llie «.•«• rc!*e of the
utrlftcst economy ln sll the effalrs
:• r»iT relations of life.
Why are provlnMtil po'ltle'nns. In
office or niwklnff office, so »lr;ii»*el.v
> lent tn a i|Ui»:ton nf muU mutiv'tuiie
and «frnvitv n» iliie*   Public opinion
ill     UriUBIl     * v.IUIH.'..!
*"oro aiiareiiittii, md that  thc last
j»|i|'--«> fe <*fi*'th <<i lock fer mfo Invest.
rewtorlnt hia wmtldenee in Hrhlsli
Columbltt s» a ssfe an 1 lucrative fipld
fer lttveiftii*iri»i- Hlr ttldurd wwtH to
London with this juinwe In wind.
A manufacturing chemist on the
Pacific const hns perfected n com-
.    » i*       *.„t    r.t    Ihn     lit*.
UUuUU    »»V*»»    *..".    *-'*
trallan Bucalyi'tus tree, menthol and
other weH-taiown therapeutic stents,
which Is proving s wonderful success
In the trenlment of catarrh.
The remedy ta sold under the name
of Mentbolyptui and H Is breathed
by the patient white he sleeps.
From th« Rteat reaulta we have
•am with MaatboljTrtoi f • »» *>
sure that It. fill holp almost anv
case of catarrh, oold in the head, or
»ar faver. that wa will Hte your
laoeer back If It *w.w* b«B«*t
ywW A W5W WWHTi.
Wa liata secured the «te|usln
■ttmer tor Me»Unily|»tB« tat this
iSsalltr ud wa arw vrtmi lo lair*
duce this remedy tmf*
II..   t*****tt    to*.
l'b'iV"*' '.\hit\i
wbe-hor one rnndldstc or two Ao-
serves cr dr nerve th« name of carpet-
b»HS<,*f'.   T** ■• -nu*-,**iJmtii 'ffSkh th* y#o>-
Thev tell tou the courts have been
,     reformed,    While one court has de-
workers  tie l eMed that * uttlke at llaobury. ttonn.,
! Is »l#«sl and haa fined the union* be-
"That no tuipesht for financial its j >0W| the ability of «U the manOienrbty
distance be reeofnliet by the inter-to pay. another «mi« at Boston 1ms
counell; unless same bear the endorse ,Vcide.l tliat tb* MacMM na tiaad by
ment of the labor council or the ttate I omnlovers !n the idioe shops at Havar-
ment* ws« HHtlsb Columbia?  »m«U I tnm which ibe appeal eo»«aM j hill Is legal am ffgftt.  Th* «acdt«ii*t|
%-omU'r   that   Htr   HteMr»!   Mrllrtdei    A number of suia<wU<4 amwidmenu, may ^,|n m^ worker. b«t th* worker 1
went mi fur na to recognise the neeee-1 to tho fommonwealth Industrial lawsjUMW wt even defend himself,
slty of reflSMirtna the ItritUb Inveetor. j were csrrted,
 That the councils urge the Immediate npjmiMRiifiit of iffdustrtal orannli-
i.TS In Hieh wt/ite by tlio rea|ieetiv«
councllf, each orfsnisers to devote S
nM.I.,1   iii-.u-n   *n  *t*n  tt'titom   n-ni-V '
Bellevue Hotel
■wt Aseemnpdatlen In tha l»aaa^-
Up-te-Osta — lv*ry   Canvaalsnaa^-
Cscelisnt Cuisine.
J. A. OALLAN, Prop.
m-t In b*« -^w-nto*** i era."
The duty that lie* t-» tn«- Iihu.I cl \    U «»* in-thtiu Ui (*»*.utuiini u.. u't»
the iirovineUl 4Utboritii« and of tUomi trade unloim (brouahout Austrslk to
„.„„ .    .      ,..  *...  «*• *»*•*!«* tw mweed th*-m «« s clear-1 srant the councils power to strike
pie of llrlt lull Columbia are mifireme'y ! In«-ti|> Of »he tml situsticin on Van-jl**l*sk
Intewsiwl in at present 1st How much comer Inland.    Heerehlna and com- —~» Z^IX"
*.•   -tif.   i, ,i   ttfiMt'nt*   r.ri   \'f,r"t-n-xt'T ' T>'-»te Iine#-t«tfi^n #houl«l j>rn'«--wl-»' •<••' •FACTORY LiOISLATION
l*'.ind cc«Mnij the people of llrttien t i*ou •»* «t*»us »•» •»» *»A«**<*rt»n hm> ( *>*>'* A*i»'i"A*Vii>*5.
<v>lumbla?' ^#«»3ind.   As It ia. polltlriare, tnttmtl f 	
Why In the *itii9iion belnn iwrrnli' of *ra»i»in* the iimwilon as frartklrj A bill at piveent Mea before the Uf*
ted to eonMnueT ttoaw time sro tlM*re »rd fearleaaty as the rehnbilltatlon of «i«!atur* of Tasmania rslslnf the age
wan an iuv*?- !ii.i:i«n into the price of th* pro\1nce in the eve* of inventor* *t which children may be emploved la
er.il in MrliUb f'olumbls, and eome in- require*. Ignore Ils existence altoYeth- fietorfea from II f« »• and rwdarln*
tereKt'tia fir's were brouaht cut: but *r, or merely touch the *Wrt* «nf the »le number of boors for women and
whnt rerr.ron-ettrfirree* ww rosde by nrc*l*m. telMmt of law and order, and tuvenlfee from 4* t« II jp*r w**k.
.:i CcjiimiB.tion ninth affected the l^norl)** Jhl' *** >ii«H5«.*.ivi,.K \\,*- S»W#- -J'v-hw -v-tvuttn lttt«r«ettn*8 «t#t'if'*, t*i,ft*
erni »•• uatIon in nny way? PrseUcallr lie. nrtmse *5nreni*ae# l»»h partlis tojen frwt a fffNNt «oneatnlnit factory
i.ii,.-.    An  ii,*,.*».»»,u.U»i, iMdaaud III   'h-* V.ipn'" ^>i"}f u, tt.-n-r. ' --*--* --
Fernie ladies May
Hays Bentitul Hair
The "Inlnncilon** haa become on* nt
Of moat 4mportaM weaooaa of tba -_^-» ^_ 	
emnMrew   wsfeirt    trade*    nnlMw. I «%„-»-« <m «*%*»«**» mttmitm w tm*
MP*eMOIr In Amenc*.   In tb» «m* ^ iBt ^m to tke WMtora and their
tl.k*V*»*»v».    ii. ■*** *t*t*Ut\i t**9\t*.*9*)i ilJMit i-i*
nnfoMad tbfwo«M«t Um wbeto country.   True ta tin politknl attitude
adopted by tbe Federation bf Labor,
attempt* will be mad* to laflitenc* all
members of the senate; and nil those
iwho sot* aptaat Um blU wtil %w
N. Ee Suddaby
'be Mtatee br.iuglu out mvm%l facts.
om* of which %■»« thn: the Wettern
Kuiil C<.n»j»*i»ii>, -une ii tbe •'oxnj»snle*
wlikb own* '.imt i»|>er4tea coal lauds
on Vancouver Iwinnd. h»<i n« hetdtat-
11 ta io'.tt ;*»,i»- •*:".!> ib*' tioT-emmari
nt tbe T'n». d Htaiei. for ihe MtMtastnft
of pwflti nnd tor th" tsrmrtnir «♦ «*»'
i:«*t!ott* which, under law. H euetatO'
r si to the pi»li»ir. If that great coal
< orporation puraued meh ntetbud* tn
Tito ttaw 1« not f;ir illnimt when
the peoj>%» of Itritti* <VitiimMs w!ii
•*4*h# a KiMiwai »nd «4trr1na pVa fer
tire operetln* of the mine* br the ttm*
riannent on behalf <rf ail lb* pt*opb-
~-40, |» T«i»Sor mHior ie Vtttk-tomor
Will   some   Hernorrai   who   t*  ni
*'fr(*nd of latior" te'J us the (Hfferenee
ImMreen * lleim'.lb ;.u Peabody awl s
f lottMittlrm fi^lMbed »wm !W# ores-
*io«. we tioi tbat tb* Anatraitsn tw.
«i«faiilon ba* greatly ■ronlrttmted to
tbe Imprwtfnc al tbe rowdltlos* of
wagee and labor. Th* first AastraHia
IV tory Aet ram* lato force In Vte-
•. C. I the weth of s strong government Ilk* !>*»ww»ii« Amw-cib.*?
a coim.
Vc«r dmegist la »w«lwd np by tbe
twnufartnrer* of SALVIA, tb* Ore*! I
Hair tlrower.   II   Is  guaranteed   to
grow hslr. t
8Al«viA destroy** dandruff tn ten f
day*. )
Th*1 km'a at the to!r *w m ncit* '
iabed and ltd tbat a now crop ofi
b-''r »t»rfe*« eft  eed tbe stmswment 5
*»fi d< nrbt ot tb* aser,   Tbe bslr Is
made soft ond fhsffy.  Like aN Anw«rl-1
< ta preparation* SALVIA la daintily
perfumed   It la bard to find aa oct>
reaa who data not ao* SALVIA eoo-
tlaoally. j
Lodis* or memy and Inflweoco n**'
no ot&cr. i
SALVIA I* * noooUchy »r*p*ra4lo*,
snd hr tbe ladlaor fkworfte. A lam*
gttiierotM bottt* 8d«r nt m«**deH's Oruf
a ito*, .Wtt^li.-'t tf**ij.w-, lif.V ^tiii.fli'Xi'
a»d »e»5»fa are oft««Mi ftwfcldden,
«nd*r pain or a b-twry penalty. <o **nd
out pickriiL or lo addiios or tawem. to:
atrfka brnakow, no m*tt*r wlioro; to
send ont written *•«mmttt*ten■^•lou*,, to
or open apacea or to de*cHl»* tbo eon-
dltlons of labor tn tkoa* eooeoran
wbefwtb*worlier«*r*onstr1k*. Tb*
most Impowtbl* and Intowprobenstbl*
pie** on tbo part of th* omptoyera tail
en wtttint onr* wnor* tbo todtso aro
touoarnao. ono many • struts** oi tno
wftrtrtm b## fteim b»#r fn imtmrttomm
tn*r*o*f. Tbls Jndtclsry 'tmcta* to aa-
tnrany dlrerted ngalnnt Ib* workers,
newer *i*tn*t tb* Mswptoyera, owk In-
t&mtw m. In aMMt coot* randsrad po*-
stbi*. tbrawgh tn arbitrary Interprsta-
don of tbo Antl-Tmst Law. Tbo
Trade* Union Federation baa long
demanded tbat tb* Trad** Vnlone be
legally and tmrnwrnty «*t*t9sd«d frava
th* ewwWWen* M Hie law montlowed.
A froop ttt mtfltboft or the swnnte ban
taM n km bef arw ibo Cnftod Stat**
senat* to thl* affect, and a vlgorona
tn favarof
otbstr cOunirwi as well' tbe "Iftjunc-
tion" tan Alio boon *mpk>y*d; at-
tbonob It I* baidl* a«cb a po serial
wflenoa abroad a* In Amarfca, sine*
tbe workors repreaant a eonsoHdtted
t\t'-. *>'in
We off*r On* Hnadrad Winn Rw
ward for any coo* of Catarrh tbat
ottnnot, ho rrtmt hy Waffs mtarrb
r. 1 tntwxwr » rvi.. r»ir/it, rt.
We, (fee «i«*»r«tgtt*4, un kaowu V.
t. cnewey tor tn* bet l» ye*f«. nn* tw-
iter* ll* perfectly ie**fsM t* *»
•btfte «*fry «nt nny »*llg*tt*n* amis
fT-itr* r?driirrft i^ih^ m tattoo ttirofottn-r.
sctrng dlnetly *pow tb* ntswo jwm turn-
nwtt «»)"??•#.  FmiTltStnt* por wf»
mm ■V-    ■■'';'* ^■^<"*&>,   , lfj-%S^!^^$    'l   ■ttg""   :-■■/»-■       *."*1    h;^^yCr$3P\*"*jP*S'     A-XS^lX*9*t'
LA •"■* .J- X'is'-* ;S ■'*'  ,-■"' T ' -■.-'-"-"--••. '.A- -i--.   '     -■*••'   "--■ -".*..  '.*     '/-'*.      '      .•'"~*"1"
d     •
" '-i .     -.*• i i
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
Meet  first  and   third   Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth  Fridays, Club Hail, Coal
Creek.   Sick Benefit attached.
T. Uphill, Sec.'
Fernie, B. C.
No. 2497
Meet every Tuesday evening in
the Athletic Hall at 7.30.    Sick
Benefit Society in connection.
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet evory Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock ln Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. £'.ck avj
Accident Kfsefit Society atlact.-
Michael Warren, Sec
Canmore, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month. Sick and Benefit Society attached.
J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
1.J0 p.m. in the Opera House,
J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105. Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Meet' every Sunday afternoon
In Miners' Hal), 2.30.
Frank Barrlngham, Sec.
Bos 112. Coalhurst P. 0.
LOCAL No. 3026
Max Hut ter, Secretary. .
Georgetown, Canmore, Alta
No. 2683
Meet every alternate SuYiday at
2.30 p.m. • in the Opera House,
J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each 'month at 2 p.m.
ln Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached,
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick,
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
PaBsburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet ev-oiy il':** and third Sunday of each month *♦ to Suva >
Union Hal), Mnple Leaf. ,No Sick
Thos, G. Harriea, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 431
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
L. Moore, Sec-Treae.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec
Box 36, Bellevue, Alta.
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Sec.
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clopk  In  the Club Hall.    Sick
Benefit Society attached.
John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.
A Defence of the
Flame Safety Lamp
(From paper by K. A. Hail wood, WIS
I. M. E., of Ackroyd and Best, Ltd., beforo 'the American Mining Congress,
held at Philadelphia, Pa,, October 17th
to 25th, 1S13.
Persons who have witnessed the intense heat (viz., white hot'beat) which
is necessary to cause flame -to pasr,
from Abe- inside of a well constructed
bonnetted lamp to tbe outside, and
which can only be attained after
reaching a velocity of over 8500 feet
per iminute of an explosive 'mixture of
from 8 to 9 per cent, will realize that
■it is a mistake to talk of creating an
explosion in a ■mine by the over-boat-
Ing of a well-designed lamp. Many an
explosion has ibeen .wrongly put down
to this cause.
The majority of lamips now in use
are fitted with .bonnets or shields, and
Uie writer bas liad lamps of this description iu explosive mixtures and
'the gas 'inside the gauze burning for
hours and tiie gauze red hot, and yet
an outside explosion has not occurred.
The writer submits that it will he a
very rare occurrence to find In a mine
a velocity, of 3500 feet ,per minute of
an explosive imilxture of gas, and at the
same 'time for -the lamp to be placed
in such a position ae to receive the
full -force'of this velocity, and also to
baive a m-iner stand by oblivtou-s of the
remarkable occurrence whidh'w-as ^happening.
If tbe velocity be present but if the
enormous requisite volume of gas be
absent, there is no danger. On the
other ha-nd, if gas be .present but if
tbe requisite enormous volocity is
missing, it would be ^unlikely for an
explosion to happen from' tbe lamp;
and' aigaln \ It wouto be unlikely that
the miner would iremain in such gas,
«o <that danger from "still" gas is also
unlikely to occur, as the light given
out from a dangerous mixture of gas
burning inside" a «afety4amp would
'be so*small bhat the miner could* not
under the circumstances continue
In another series of teeta, tbe gas
flame was kept burning in. a lanup
surrounded <by an -explosive traixture of
gas, at Intervals coal dust .was scattered inside the lamp, also aver tlie
outside of the gauze. The lamp ibeing
constantly shaken about in the gas,
and finally coal dust allowed to remain on .the crown of tbe 'gauze for
some hours, the gas flame burned im-
j mediately underneath the top of the
gauze, and (had ample opportunities
to heat up and coke the coal dust.
The lamp bad a single gauze only,
and tbe test was carried' out at the
Pittsburgh factory (Ackroyd and Best,
L,td.), with natural gas, and yet the
flame did not communicate with .the
surrounding gas, iiotwiUistandlng the
Tbis also failed to ignite the gas, the
blow- invariably extinguishing ihe
lamp flame.
The^ .writer therefore contends that,
when using a well designed bonnetted
lamp, fear from this "cause" may also
be discounted.
We now come to the consideration
of tihe question of the detection of
"gas," and the checking of the state
of -the atarro&phere of the mine.
At a time when the prevailing craze
is for more and more complication and
intricacy in aM appertaining to "mining," the writer supposes he will be accused of sacrilege 'by calling n "halt"
and asking for a hearing in defence of
such a simple device for gas detecting,
as tihe flame.,safety lamp.
He submits that thc miners' flume
safety lamp is the most simple and
■most accurate and most reliable device which could posslbaly be conceived for the practicable ascertainment of percentages of gas in the atmosphere of a coal mine.
In recent years great strides have
ibeen made In Great Britain in tbe organization of evening mining classes
in all the coal mining districts. A
very large proportion of both adult
and young miners have attended these
The next question is that of illumination.
'Many writers on this subject appear
to forget the coal miner does not go
down Uie mine for the prpose of reading the daily newspaper, but he goes
down to hew coal from a generally
well-defined coal face, and that, with
constant practice, he gets so that lie
could almost do the work blindfolded.
T|iey also overlook the fact that, generally speaking, several men work sufficiently near each other nt. the face
as to get a large general lighting effect from the several lamps. A. miner's light may on the surface seem to
be a miserable one, yet in the darkness of the coal mine this same light
Is quite good ami sufficient for the
work. Certain parties blame the flame
of the safely lamp as-being the cause
of certain diseases of the eyes of miners, 'but it would now appear that
•there are miners who have had the
benefit of the increased light from
acetylene} amps and who now complain that this increased light hurts
their eyes. This would seem to raise
the question as to what Is the proportion of miners whose eyes are naturally" weak and who would suffer pain
whether the light bes good or bad.0The
dollar that goes to their scanty coffer^
Our attitude toward our press must!
•change. We must be c-oiit-crned aboutl
our papers—where-,er they may be.
We must, watch our ihem and nur-j
•ture .them and bulH them up until;
they become strong and virile. With'
a chain of a dozen big, strong .working class dalies in operation now the
world wou'd know the truth about
Calumet. The world would know the
truth about Colorado, about the class
•stru ggl e t v e ry wli e re.
But we will never have a great
chain of big. powerful dailies until we
liave scores of good strong weeklies,
and iwe .will never have even a few
really strong weeklies until we learu
to care for our pajiers as we care for
our babies, instead ot caring for them
as we care, .for our papers—tragedies
that they are!—Exchange.
ably show that the remainder will be
quite satisfied with the existing miners' flame lamp; if not, the Illumination of the flame safety lamp can
now quite easily and simply be in-
creased to 1 V_ candle power.—The Science and Art of Mining.
We Handle AU the Good
s You See Advertised in
the Big Magazines.
THIS store is headquarters.   You
will always find here everything
you would expect to# find in a
similar store—and many things more.
We specialize on articles of genuine merit   Articles
we have tested and tried ourselves and we can recom-
" mend and indorse.
You will find here all of the good—the best—the pick—
of the standard household articles advertised in magaainefc
Wt add ourown guarantee to thtt of the manufacturer's.
classes., From conversations the .writ- e!\m/n?tlon.1of.tSese.x_as?.sJw!il:!..,?,r°b.'
er 'has had- with many of the teachers
and with men in the .mines in various
part® of tbe country, and from observation of the tbehaviour of the mining
men who visited the works with which
•the .writer Is connected, he is of opinion that this course of education will
ultimately prove to be one of tbe biggest factors of safety -Introduced in recent itlmesr into the coal mines.
Up to a few years ago it was a cam*-
iparatlvely rare thing to find miners
wbo knew bow to test for and read
"gas caips." The consequence was
that men have often ignorantly continued working in places so oharged
with gas as to be on or near the border line of explosibility; no do0bt
things 'have .been* done in such atmos-
tpbere which would not have been
done bad the miner known of its dangerous state. ■:*<;
It, has now been established tbat a
severe exptosion can be obtained (rom
quite a small percentage of gas if coal
dust be .present The present tendency in coal mining practice is to employ
vast numbers of men in each mine on
each shift (ap witness tbe number of
deaths from an explosion in South
Wales); to employ more electric machinery, such as coal cutters, locomotives, motors; to push tlie coal face
forward more rapidly and risk falls of
large quantities of rock roof with the
possible bringing down of sparks and
gas from the grinding rock; there are
also the •possibilities of explosions
from pipes, cigarettes andjira£cji*gga_Sfl.
Tlie sooiai unrest has overflowed the
boundaries 'which ordinarily separ&te
social science from other fields of
knowledge, making its presence felt
in drama, mt, religion and literature
Do not believe that social unrest is
coniftoed to tihe d-own-trodden. half-fed,
submerged tenth cf humanity, that Ja'
cob Riis describes. It is as deep as
human society and it spans the world.
The causes go to the very foundations
of the present economic system. No
single individual is to blame for that
system. As a citizen of tihe nation
you are responsible tor the continuance of conditions tbat cause the present social unrest—Appeal tb Reason.
f&££^iAii&&.,p!um4vasH}ften-^ necessary Chan
Wemlycoc sgedil attaattooto ^CM^IVJIAMafc
iMieUiV'4W*nMyewiHMssMuiiss> Yeueand
el £*% the inulJhr, *• lops ef Mffc fanfare wfth
(•chain.  Ymtmjmmi daas tht Malr sup and
half tba thos It aamly take*.
deft the tops
wftlmiit ma/Stag
l^^_   -.^^kn _^L^_^k ^^^^^^^9, 1tn___%   WWt-Wm      ftdfeM  Meuaft ^^^^^MH ^^iSAJsaftMft .^M^glMI^Mfr
-^* B|     ______\ *A ^-^m ^^_a_^_^_j_tJ^_^_MlA _j_^_% w^^^^^u^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ £-|^^^*<g£   ___   J-^m^-^L-99
• SoTY^ can dt k pkur, aaator Mi batter wkfc ths
■fl-hUhf ethst destar Mew ths -CMDsdw MUh Ifse esn ht
 ■,*-.■!    '     i   ■    .      . '.. it S~."  ' ~~M   .fc^.   mr__m__A   %_-   fclUt-ft-A  _   £*M  jIm^M   —M
WMMi WMasonM** -wu wmt mhmh •» wmwf m hw w*w **
§|fu          --      ^^^JftJ^^    (•^^    ^^   MflS   ^   ^^L-^^J    ^
we aWL** PM* i^L-I**,mm -^ *w^*i wi
QjC*4h ftmm Wf that wtw«A«wt om to year ham
4ft* ttW. |||t|saet.sat§sfss^teeftfywipswws«<eietp'
J. Ht QU Alt,      Wmrnim, B.C
If, therefore, single gauzes will not
under suoh conditions pass flame, it
is evident that double gauzes will add
an enormous extra amount of safety
; to a lamp.
i In other tests the writer lias utilized
■ a lamp having the glass so slack that,
'on shaking the lamp, the glass has
Ifreely rattled. The glass was split
j from top to bottom, and a crevice cut
I right across tbe top and also at the
i -bottom of tbe split, tbe crevice ibeing
,more whan one-thirty-eecond of an inch
| wide.
i    This lump was placed in a most explosive mixture of compressed gas and
k-ept there for over hr.lf-an-hour with
the gas biasing Inside the lamp.   This
failed to cause an outside explosion,
in tbe test the gas mixture was compressed down to two-thirds lu original
volume, ami the ga* therefore was in
a most fierce and explosive condition.
In other tests, a ready lit bonnetted
I lam*;» ha* been passed into an explosive mixture of gns. and a hole pierced
In the top of the gauze quite a quarter
ot an inch diameter, yet the Nome
failed to pen through the hole and ignite the surrounding gas; no doubt (he
reason for this ibeing Unit (he product
'of combustion from ihe lamp flame
coven the hole in the top of the cause
with » barrier of incombustible gas,
iliiountfh wlUch tbe flame could not
peee to the outside §ui»y atmosphere.
To users of flame safetr-lamps, thle
teet mill, ao doubt be Inteeettng, ae
it la the upper part of the gause -which
le subject to the most veer and tear,
and fortunately the teat demonetvated
t>bet It ie the top part of the gbuse
wWch la ueually protected by the barrier of Incombustible gas.
The writer admlte that if the lamp
to -question be allowed io be extin*
guUhed and tbe products of combustion allowed to eaoafw and the lamp
filled with an esploalve mixture ot
gae, and nn Internel frf<*tf/in tgnittw
operated ao aa to cause a fleme to
form In the letup and Ignite the cue
ItieM* the lamp, It Is pomlble that thle
nan* would peas through tlie hole In
tie gause to tbe outside of the lamp;
Imt this, of course, mily refers to thle
particular (we ot lamp, and would not
refer to lamps of ihe type which mum
he completely enclosed when being re-
We want to get the news to all old
Belgium, although a country so nth
in industry, has to thank it Cleric:;!
Dictatorship for finding itself u.-niinl
the most cf the countries in Kurope in
regard to social reform work. The
little thai is now and then done In coti-
•nectloti with social legislation is ou'y
the result of the pressure brought 'o
tear by the Radical Labor .\lo\eineiit
and tbe fears which are entei'luiiii'-l of
a still more rapid growth of Un- Labor
party. The Government has, thoro-
fore, found itself in a position to Introduce a bill concerning coinpnhofy
insurance against sickness, premature
incapacity for work and old age ipro
vision. All persons earning less ihan
2,400 francs per year and who are not
over 65 years of age must be insured
no matter whether engaged in com
merce, industry or agriculture. It is
estimated that the number of persons
coming under this law will be around
one and a half millions. The benefit
societies already existing shall, to a
certain extent, form the bases of the
new Insurance.
The workers have to pay 6 frs, per
year for their old age pension, which
is granted upon the 65th year being
reached, and which amounts to 1 franc
per day. The state contributes an.additional sum of 2-S frs. per insured
The benefit societies which are re-
cognize$ for the administration of the
insurance against sickness and premature incapacity for work must ensure:
1 mediea'. assistance and medicine fur
their members; 2 a grant of 30 frs.
in cases of confinement; 3, independent sick visitore being employed; 1, a
deposit of 5 frs. -per members being
lodged; 5, that members who.have already belonged to the society six
months may not be expelled on account of religious, political on trade
reasons, or for reasons of health; 6.
that in the case of disputes in connection with the insurance, same be referred to an Independent court of arbitration for settlement. The Society
itself to fix the amount of contribution
of the insured member. The employer
contributes an amount of 25 cents for
every franc paid by his employees up
;How   About   Your
Noted doctors h.ive said tlmr huus?-
worTt is the !>est form of physical
exweise for women—.for it not only
Thc healthy woman EXJOVS hw
housework—she takes pleasure in keeping things spick and sp.ui—and it costs
her practically no effort to do so—because sh..- i.s HEALTHY.
Are you healthy? Do you find your
housework ph-asant and invigorating?
Or do yon dread it 'br'eausp you don't
It-el "just right"? That "don't fe.l
Just right" -sensation may X-OT bo
-vort.h seeing a doctor about—bui it ii
a nrotty certain Indication ih.it you
are suffering from Indigestion, Constipation, IJUioiisin'.sn or Dyspepsia.
Nest time you don't feel "Just riu'u"
Just try 15 drops of Mother Selgi»l'-s
Curative Syrup. You'll get relief—
Kngland has TKSTED and PROVEN,.
fur over 40 yea-rs, its worth.    There it
is recognized as a standard  reme-c':-.
It   Is  almost purely  herbal—Nature's
own  remedy  for disordered  stomach.
Price $1.00.   Trial size 50c.
You can get Mother Seigel's Cura-
:lve Syrup at
Mclean drug and book co.
to the .maximum of 3 frs. per .war; a
minimiiim of 2 frs. per year is, however, stipulated. The State contrib-.
utes 60 cents for every franc of the
worker in connection with the invalidity insurance. In the case of those
workers for .whom no recognized benefit society exists, district funds are to
be established into which the worker
pays 6 -frail**™ for invalidity insurance
and 12 francs for sick insurance. The
contribution to the sick fund may be
reduced to one half for those members
who earn less than 15 frs. per week.
ever to placo in the bands of each
miner the means whereby he may ascertain the state of the atmosphere in
which he is working.
The ibest course to pursue will no
doubt be to educate the miners more
and more Into the best methods of using the iflame safety lamp and also
bow best to test for gas.
It has been proposed by some parties to place a flame safety lamp at
the entrancn to each working place, i
nnd  give It into the charge of the j
"gangman."  This lamp will, moreover, I
generally   be   neglected,  nnd   as   the
•pNndpal object of the "sangmun" In j
to get ns much coal us possible, he will
no doubt fall to take a lamp luto bis
writing place at sufficiently frequent
Intervals, whereas if such worker be
provided with a flame safety lamp, the
chances of early detection of the presence of gas are more certain.
Some advocate the clearing of the
«tas out of the miine by increased ventilation. Tbls is nil right so -far a* It
goes, 'but It is a difficult matter to
awee-p out every part of an extensive
mine. An explosion started In one
small place mny, by tite aid of coal
dust, carry through th^ tnlne. From
time to time we read of en explosion
happening In so-called modern mines,
where «ne htis either nover been
known or eeeu. or. at any rate, hae not
•been observed for many yeara. This
emphaaleee the need for better education of miner* wid the inclusion tn
their outfit of reliable gas detectere.
Winter twill not be dreaded when
Socialism comes, because, though tho
days may be/short, the work hours
also will be short, and the long evenings may be enjoyed.
When capitalism is exposed -*1 hides
the shells,ami lee, and does It grafting
in a little different way. And Uie voter
bets on the shell under which the pea
can-be found and gets taken in. Just as
sion, a remarkable new food-medicine
which we,, firmly believe is the best
remedy ever, made to overcome tlie
weakening, debilitating effects of increasing old age. It helps to rebuild
wasted tissues, strengthen the nerves,
and give new energy and a lively feeling to the body. It contains uo alcohol
or dangerous drug. It may not make
you feel better for a few days, but if
you do not feel much better and
stronger before }'qu have taken a quarter as much as you have of other medicines that have not helped you, we
will gladly give back your money.
Rexall Olive Oil Emulsion contains
pure Olive Oil and the Hypophosphites
which, though Ihey have long been endorsed by fciiccesaful physicians, arc
here for the first time combined. The
result is a real body, nerve and blood-
building food-inedlclne that we believe
is superior to anything else In overcoming debility, weakness and liability
to disease, and to tone and strengthen
the nerves and enrich the blood. Vou
who are weak and run-down—you .who
are often troubled by various cold
weather ailments, use Rexall Olive Oil
Emulsion to get and keep well and
strong. It is a sensible, pleasant-tasting aid to renewed strength, better
spirits, glowing health. If It doesn't
help you, come and tell us and we will
irive back your money without n word.
That la how much faith we have In IL
Sold only at ihe 7.000 Rexall Storej,
end in this town only by ue. $1.00.
N. B. Suddaby, Victoria Avenue, Fernie, D. C.
The Working Men's Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
~— Tables =^
No fee charged to ute Club, which la open te all.
B. Rawson
How The World
Might Have The Truth
Seme enUioHUee here nude much
lo about Hie wnttriiltiee vt Um fieet
The shooting of Charles Moyer, pre-
eldeot of the Weatern Federation of
Minora, ebowa w whet Unite the ca»>t-
tellat class will go tn Ua fight on militant labor. Capitalism dow not lateod
that lator ehall encroach upon Its
prtservea if it can be helped to any
am, the shooting of Moyer showe
more than the brutality of the cap!-
t*Mm class. It shows the treedhery
•nd ihe utu* alMinnlettn«iM of the
prese, Thle ie so because the capital-
let press te lust this It it tho CAIM
TAUttT press snd Ita mission Is to
defend cpitaUam end MAKK MOM-
BY, No money le node by expoein*
tbe treachery of murderous capitalism.
Only death ts earned that way.
And y«t Labor goes on taking the
grtet oart of Ite new**—which means
from tito flaote of tbe miners lamp j nawepspeni that it supports. If Jemee
erscktsg tbe glass. As ragerds thle MnVa«g»Koa. memtger ef the Calumet
■point, tt it only a question of • law j A 4l<mU mine, tor Instanre. had hwn
Mhire, ea fine deer gJaeeea can now
a*^^   j909^^9^m&^^M   t^otto,  _^_Jn_n^tkw/'im*   ftjh^H«kji   __JLt ^^k****^mJLl
W wpiHisu Wr tat norm MMBpS Oi seen
qnvtftr that tfeer may be heated uo
ta d**tl ite deiwee rabr. and spit*
f Med w*th water ttvm a waurie* «a«,
a»d }«t tbe glass fetla to emack.
Btmm peoplo bate been afraid thet
a fall or roof on « aefety temp may
«auae ea expfotloo ead Ignite tbe gas,
, hmt tn tbe test* so far carried out by
304 w«r« for uwlutitfaluc tb* jw»«tni*itbo writer, tbey seemed to prow tbet
system end ICS&I will leoee iio mat-f «>•**» tb* temn 1« tin-nmom*,*- **•*
the vtcUm of these tMUiets tbe prees
of tbe nsttoo would bare ran nd with
dAHMftds for th* *rtH-bl|»tk*> •>■? >M
great labor orgsnltstkm Ineolred
Tb»r»- would bav# boon n trtoty and
• furor that would have ecboed aad
re-echoed serous the country, fon-
Kimn mi lbt» l'w»»d«rt wowM bat*
horn implored to act. Oroat mm
wmM lm<9 hum to«rviewed) aN-l
mioted In favor of bacAlng down tbo
.!..     .li   • * •ri*
■j-iuhWI niii*ui    •*■<*
TMt O^OilTION Of TM1 _
run ■ft-nrntiitn+t** w*«»w«f ''*:* ♦" ««•■ '■yyA.AA-  U **, ^-nM^.api too tunse of tbe loaap Is «wto.(«*« a mo #ihtM*tiw «r #**
—.— , IMablir vHfamn* *b«» »b» wr#om fiT'^niii-tl \\j ...l" 'v.'**.*,.^* *ito*» mm."  ot uw» orfca*.
'ilte <M ttitm^n ut ^** (*n***uwtt i wtmimutm ooeris will Mttrviy dtssp-1   fn *»n« eerte« of t*-st*«. « Um» wim     Oat It *»»*"»
agsfasl  tbo cotKiJim-k* tNMifda, to J tmt tmn tbo isliasy world. planed «pon an trat pWoo, and tbo
wbkli only "aetiro rallweyioee" mat I   himtm mtun. mMHy wpwerde into •
UtoM. basbegao oaew in all eoraeM,    ,\t^y dont tbo worfeew mm tbrtr MfMHw containing dm. so tbat tlw
TheTradse union «IU «0« In ear monsy? aaks an •conomtet wbo imor top ef the   tnm* dime Into -iMmt
Ladies' and Gent's
cew fowse throMi* their demands for J hwi tn, o*mmni*o   n*o nrittofmt 9,»   wir*-**,- ■* - '-;:.. ■*<« »*v v*»w» , !»•«.*» ■*««■ «*.»■
9f.+v.***.*.*** am w mnt tttoy get so ttttt* Of It to fdor and tbe *»n*f* was <n»»l*4 down.
-mm Tbo better goettla* lai Why do |3I# ootaWn exploaleo f«dlowid, tb#
tbe topilteJtats spend tbo owrlors' t Ifgfet M tbo Ismp etmiamitly beta* ox
taoan* 1 ttottrttied by tbe ' crashing fere*" or
 -—-  *by tbe eooeussiOB ef tb* atmoepb-r'n*.
-Th» Fbrd AatomaMItt CtMspany, of Wb*t**s lo tb# rosl mine It Is very
IMrolt. la now iw^ivtng flauertag rut* numbly tbat this eondKlen of sffalw shoot tb!* u-rr.x
tfewe from tbe pmw m tttfomtt of It* wmM h** nn *»vcn» m u u-ft.- ;,., -^ ;	
i ntfi.nKMMi  imrcaec  of   **uut*»  to ixn um In iiiNwtluo, so hi tb* et»«t of I ISdCurlaUv I'
'.. * *....;«, tt*.**, ., **t**W( *wm* »i»»>w***
to tke eobefUatlMi hoerik elmro tbe
ottlto awakm see aubfveted to tfe-
ttmtsatloo wb#n tbey ran counter to
tbo railway eowpaaiea- Ifpen a r*f*r-
oodoas belso reeeottf tekra. ttf.in
of tbe jde.eeo member* of tbe Roll'
.woymen'o PVdentloa w»re fooad eo
he fn tlmr nt *ht* r^*il iVifWuit of
h« hired man of tbo
(•pttellat who »»» Shot*. If w*« thtt*
president of • great end epl#ndtd labor orgaiilwtHrti    And <xmpM srKb
thut -mv* uii-•■■tn *>< «b« t»m *M ***■
... IM km** afWNHIWtt'lOS
w-trt- ktllH ta a twa* tntm* by • *ry
of 'Tire" In * * j*»*»I#*I t"h*-rt*tm»*« ■»*«•
itHiicttloits polntine
•*«,nti that mmo hire-
■ n*+4 *t itll.
»tr< .♦!   pr*** doe*
.  *nt* ly?   li ba*«*t
. t* t> * * tt*tfi.
, ■ t li-^HI % -tot1*-* for
NFORMATlo.S'-rrom the tupltaliat
tebor goee on leading the c»t»ltilist
rpers and forming oplnkme of what
reads there. Xotblitg I* mor«« fooi-
hardy, mom dangerous, mor* detri'
mental to progr*ea. Wo eaanot move
toward an Intelligent future unit-»« *.•
can oomprvb-Mid an latolNgeot fuioiw
and we «*ompr*cb*nd thst only «*. mo
mm gut facU—KKMAHI.K racts-
•hoot ills pressot.
iMbor ftbaolutcty ML'ST bave lb*
tfwu prtwe. li muni hav« « prwis that
eorws th<» world- thnt it«il# tfiw n«ws
of tbo world snd prints It folly and
AfirttlMTW'.V     *•*-   ---"   '
"* i Ked miy ity iralMlng nn »h# pr*«i that I
^      M    ,V.*J)*J    lAilt.       iu»U'   .4>i*t;**»   V»   A   UtKi' j
•♦♦tid to you.  To i*ihhm}-\ A J# *•»•! *4it*i
n doty and a prinNtv.  (i*t tb* cob- i
.'Mttfitf friHa your •">*'» »t*4 tXKr.-tor
tho lore of tbe class »wm«I*   SBKi
nnd OOM^•1lWIIBKT>,    \m,t  iht,.m*7
Give us a Trial
it means
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Ncfct caigary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544    *      Fernie, B.C.
bf.u!on, wltfi
towsrd th»» ron<
Km of eapli**'
WTwt  ha»   t!
tb» «<»oe«l«llOB bmrde, tl.-W* wtm In j tboii«in«a of •mplere*'*   li le *rbiim< *b* da* tw*#»4twg it* tmt t*t tin- .W1f > ».-•-
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(imtionof |ia.^.aagamoit««>mip!ny*MHi lt*f*m tbo town
■p» nm at
V ■   «*'.i»e»   «**v   fi»M  *)>   tb*
fori f*fttr.i««nj- wm f;3t v**t dn*., but
tttuSiO't ifcw» mm •rmne#wi#et "ho mtnf-
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.iit.hi. K»«#i**<*-t $***: ^wwv»*yjmf
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$t.r v, at ti.mt »»•<*• •> "» •>! i»m> ***•"' t*rttiI
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foe sale ot
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to do witb stsmMttg tbo ltd* of ItarM-
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tv«ot«o, tbo pt*4it*--s-nM tut tb* *ept of otodealeo wnn, *&** tb«» gomw wsM*b-
gesea wtn fall to tbe grassd." led %v a *Mmt bio* Irom s
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tlnm has. BUIUi IT IT "Jivi* l'i •
rh»nr« to mmm aed tt% •v.T*-r.»h M*
anus for yoti. T«ir down n»- ^ all of
poverty that you hav*1 i»iit« »r*»*n«l
U. Belly to it; b«ld «t» S«* i*«-«!« ani
ri#er tb* way f*ir it l» ullt r-j»av y»u
a tnllHon tlm»e V**t Vol" It ;>*<"* '.*
ht ot. fr, tor*, i' < ' i
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It f-ttf« ttoiA 1 .'I ir •• •
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* .oi 5 *l tl.o m,i*»i < n
tb*- r«">.il*i»? f>n t■   »:"'   :
b  * mjf v <»F th«   *.«.*. i.
,     .   "»"      I9.it.tl'    iHtf. »"»     .'■•
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property P^VS?^5k.J
et)* District £tb$tx
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. G. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
To tlie unhiused individual (if such exists) it is
amusing to.watcli the efforts of Liberals and Conservatives in this aud the sister province to interest
llie. worker. The unbounded generosity and the alluring promises of the Liberal duet in this province
;M-e. scarcely greater than the righteous indignation
of the Conservative party at >vhat they are pleased
to term tlie'maladministration of the. Sifton .Government in Alberta. Strange, but nevertheless true,
if we turn to this province we find it-is tlie Conservatives who arq accused of rotten government.
Of course, this would not have happened had
the Liberals been in power—certainly not. They
are not of the same breed, the members of
that great and noble party are not afflicted with
the sara« weaknesses and desire to .accumulate
wealth at the expense of the ratepayer of the, province. They have no friends whose services need
acknowledgement in the shape of land grants, or
comfortable jobs. No, sir-e-e-e! The fact that the
Liberal party in Alberta has been guilty of such
tactics is no reason Why these politically pure martyrs of B. C. Should do the same—-and. of course, is
no reason why they should not.
It is scarcely fair that certain people in this province should doubt tke sincerity .of "tlie Liberal
party—now that they are not in power. That*:they
might act differently did they secure the power-
well, let it go, Mr. Reader,'or they ■•will accuse us of
having lost all faith in human nature, whereas we
have only lost faith in the stability of the old political parties.
At last Tuesday's meeting, "Honest" John Oliver discovered what this province wanted—a real
!and administration; am opportunity for the people
_ta^At_ont,h the broad acres of E. C.     True. John
wan honest enough to admit that quite a number of
settlers, if they took up the land that was left,
would need tying on if they wished to remain there.
The speaker was of the opinion that tliis policy
would reduce the eotft of living, and that the long
promised era of prosperity would arrive with the
eonsuimnati-on of the Liberal platform. At least,
that is what we gathered from John's remarks.
Perhaps it is rather unfortunate for John and
his party that tliis is contradicted by the position
of the agriculturists, not only in this province, but
the whole w-orld ovor   But to deal with this provinco alono  N o sane person or individual wlio lias
tho slightest knowledge of the agriculturists' position hi this province will deny that those interests
in  the fruit-growing  industry have been  using
every effort to increase the price of fruits and
vegetables. Thoy havo been compelled to adopt this
policy in order to exist.   They have petitioned the
government time after time to increase the tariff on
fruit coming from tho States.  They have combined
and formed co-operative societies whose duty it is
to fix the welling price of .fruit and vegetables rawed
in this province.   Now, the tendency of such co-
opejiitivo measures is to enhance prices and it must
not1 bo taken"for granted that the idea is to lower
pricics to the consumer.  The idea of such co-operative, movement is to cheapen production and secure
better returns for the producers. wlw» heretofore
were not making an adequate return for capital
expended.    Indeed, in the Okanagan district the
fruit growers were complaining as bitterly n« the
Alberta limtiwtondcr.   How, sii"h being thc c«w.
dot* any rational individual believe that if thin
land were settled tip, condition!* would improve?
If lie doc*, he must show un.   Granted, of cotimv
that if every one could produc* for individual consumption this would be the case, but if you asked
"Honest" John whether lie consumed all he produced he would I ell ymi he produced for the itlitr-
fcft.   And this is what he has to do. mid m *iin|ily
imooifcrwi for profit. t« *»ii **«»** proline,
he ha* lo have h market, ami as we at pn*ent pro-
dii'-e more than we can consume -or more than our
I ttijti'd iiii'Miiie permits us to pufvluise buck-thw
finding of a market *« going to pww rather diffi-
pieked or destroy it. Therefore we maintain that
we at present raise more than we can purchase.
What will be the result if we go on raising m'ore ?
Now, suppose we take the old argument that
prices mil be reduced if Ave produce upon a larger
scale. Has any person noticed any remarkable-reduction in the price of flour, bread, meat or other
necessities during the last ten years? Well, we have
been producing more, and Sir Wilfrid Laurier recently stated that we exported about 200,000 bu^h-
els of wheat. This/ however, does not appear to
have cheapened the price of even chicken feed, and
we are paying about 40 to 50 per cent more for
meat and poultry than was the ease ten years ago.
In the old country, where they do not raise all they
require, but. bujv from the colonies, they pay less!
Why? Because wages are less, while if prices were
the same as in this 'country* without a cox*respond-
ing increase in wages, the worker would starve.
That the Liberals in this -province'are so generous, need cause no surprise; they can afford to be.
We have heard the Conservatives in Alberta make
the same generous promises of what the worker
will get,.if they would only return the "emancipators of the people" to power.
The only difference between the two parties discovered by us so far is" that of name, and the fact
that criticism and promises do not cost either party
a. great deal. The real fight between them is who
shall have the plums, and it just depends upon the
■hoggislmess or generosity of the party in power* as
to how these plums shall be distributed.
In looking over the public accounts issued by the
provincial government, an interesting little item
caught our eye: -
Fernie Free Press ......A..... $860.48
District Ledger .,      21.00
That is what wa«S received for the fiscal'year ending March 31st, 1913, for advertising. There may
be 'other items among the printing accounts, but
we did not investigate; so are unable to say. We
tempted, however, to wonder what our contemporary lias been guilty of, seeing that for the fiscal
year ending March, 1012, they received the cosy
"little sum of .$1689.27.
And the "Honest" John party is so indignant
at the Conservative party and such a friend of-the
working man, that when they have a. meeting in
Kernie, they take their few dodgers and posters to
the government press to print same! Phew! We
are beginning to understand why the city of Fernie
has to lend a -hand occasionally to support this
staunch organ of a great and glorious party!
It will be remembered that some two weeks ago
"upoiTthe'attTnt-OiTbf (ieneTalTSoVfio
we commente
towards organized labor in South Africa,  The General, assisted by one of tlie most spineless and" vacillating of British statesmen, whose forebear's name
he disgraces, has succeeded in deporting some ten
labor leaders from South Africa.   This action is
without parallel iu tho British Empire within the
last sixty years, and even Bismarck, with all his
brutality and intense hatred of labor and Socialism,
never went this length.  Whether the South African
protectors' action will be allowed to pass unchallenged by the British government remains to be
seen, but if the cablegrams to hand are indicative
of the feeling of trade unionists and every decent
thinking porson in the Umpire, then we venture to
assert that Jlr. Louis Botha and Viscount Gladstone
will realize within the next few days that the worker is a potential figure, not only in the making of
kingdoms, but also in tho unmaking of premiers
and governor-generals,   Botha'will find that his
campaign against the British was a Sunday school
picnic compared to what he will be up against in
administering the affairs of South Africa, if he
docs not speedily realize thnt the very men who defeated him and brought his country under the miIi-
joction of the British government, are the very men
whom he is attempting to coerce. It is claimed by
some that it is not an ordinary strike, but an or-
ganized revolution.   Even if this is thc case, we
fail to see why, if these men had come within the
pale of the law, they were not prosecuted according to the criminal code of the country.   Botha's
action should be an enlightenment to all who considered him as tho embodiment <if justice nnd free
To the Editor.
Dear Sir,-—In the columns of your
last issue a latter came to my notice The very Laitest and beat features are
Every week the residents of this
itowai are receiving additional attractions dn the moving picture houses.
from 'one of the -present Inspection
Committees of the Michel mines contradicting some statements I made in
January^ 10th Michel notes. In his
first <poiat he quoted practicably 'the
same words I used, namely: The special rules should be sufficient guidance for .workmen or Inspection Committees. In point two he uses the
words in "no such dangerous quantities of gases." I* wish to point
out tha* clauses 1 and 2 on ventilation are quite sufficient to show
that the above words are out of place.
That an adequate supply of pure air
t'o dilute and ren<l«r harmless noxious
gases. Also .paint three, he uses the
words, "if the management think fit
to accompany an Inspection Committee." Jn rule 37 he will find the following words, "Shall be afforded every facility for the purpose of such
inspection."* To make myself clearly
understood and the mason for quoting the words, when Inspection Oom
mlttees go round the -mines the inspection is.made wlthvmuch better
effect when accompanied by a mine
official. As an Instance, when I acted on Inspection, a leg -broken under
a, timber ior stringer on one of the
ni-adn haulages with the overman being on the spot the danger was removed directly. I can give many other
causes why one of the officials should
accompany the Inspection Committee,
and speaking of a dual personality, I
wish ito point out to the writer it is
all helpful to mine officials in carrying out the laws of general safety in
the mines when the Inspection Committee 'is aic-comipanied by an official.
In his conclusive remarks he goes
on to point out how many inspections
are made by the company officials1. I
could -point out Instances where explo-
sions have occurred in large collieries
or mines iwith the same;, - number of
examinations made in one day. I wish
to point out to the readers that it
was hot, asked in the few items that
were inserted In Michel notes how
many examinations were made by
company officials, and also he must
not forget he is acting on behalf of
workmen. Hoping this will satisfy the
writer, as there was no intention to'
point to any negligence on the part of
company officials, although one
would naturally think so when reading his letter. In further comment I
would ask that he kindly keep to the
point at issue. Thanking you kindly
for allowing mie to insert same in
your valuable space.
I remain, yours very truly.
/Michelv B'. C, Jan. 28, 1914.
It has just heen brought o^it that
•nine years ago the humane society ot
Dayton, OhW, bad John W. White a^
irested and placed In jail for some al-
Jeged offense.
wi-thout trial. How is that for human
ity on the ipart of capitalism's "hu
mane" society!
"Soup (houses arid .bread lines presage a financial crash. When hundreds of thousands ot men and .women
willing to work can find no employment they feel the suffering of the
Industrial panic .which is always followed by «t panic in the money market (The revision of the .tariff and
tho new 'currency law will not plant
any hope in the hearts of millions of
men and women in thi* country,
■wtoow heritage is poverty."—Miners
coming here direct from /the big cities,
and Pernie -bias now as good a service
of films as any city in Canada. Manager Maier, of the Isis, who has toeien
uiutMng in Ms efforts to secure thle
latest and 'best picture's, ls lately responsible for this, and we congilatulalte
him upon the result of his efforts. Last
Thursday he projected the immortal
"Iviamhoe," and this .week be has a
program of features that .should not
fall 'to attract -crowded houses.
The program tor this week end is as
Collows: Special Friday, third of the
"101" Bison animal iptotu-reSi "The Girl
and 'the Tiger," in three reels. Special
for Saturday, matinee and evening,
"Bleeding Hdarts," or Jewish Freedom
under King CasLmer of Poland," a
drama of the 14-th century based on
history when ithe persecuted Jews
found peace and happiness in Poland.,
but neady -at the cost of their lives.
He \yas forgotten and
Motiher Jones baa been re-arrested,
slammed into jail and held as a military (prisoner.
It does not surprise us, and we are
sure it did not surprise Mother Jones,
either. In fact, after her deportation
from Trinidad, she gave out the following statement:
"I was sure tbey would arrest and
deport me if I went to Trinidad. iBut
I had no fear, because I knew that I
had not, broken any laws.
"The word 'gentlemen,' as applied
to the officers of the Colorado State
militia, is a misnomer. The picture
of the uniformed representatives of
the Governor wflien they met a woman
eighty-two years of age and carried
her off to that 'robbers' roost,' the
Columbia hotel at Trinidad, is something that will always stand out in my
"•Me, an old woman, taken into custody as (though I was a prisoner of
State, guarded by, not an ordinary,
guard, but a platoon of militia. The
soldiers surrounded me as I alighted
from *he train, where I was placed
undier a guard of militia, and held
until train time. When I was escorted ito the train from tbe hotel three
of the privates were beflilnd me, one
on my right and one on my left One
that was called 'Captain' was in front
of.nue: Th© whole proceeding was
botih ridiculous, and pathetic.
"One of the things tliat I want to
impress upon the* workers of tihe nation is that tbey are in, a war and they
must prepare1 for battle.
"And I sfoaJl return to Trmadad in
corporatl-ori! tools to deprive me of my
constitutional rights, nor will I recognize the militia to ecab on civil courts.
I stand first last and always for constitutional right*.
"Ootorad© is the State where women
have the franchise to vote-—yeti they
permit public ordeals for a woman
such as I have just passed through,
raising no vtiice of ■p-rotest. Tbat is a
fine example to set for the rising
generation of boys and «lrl& Yet,
and unto tihe unborn children.. iWtoy
don't tbey assert, themselves? They
have what they all call the blessed
ballot—iwomian vote. What Is tha result? Zero."—U. M. W. of A. Journal.
■ *   ■
Unless Rexall Orderlies relieve your
bowel troubles and make you feel like
coming back to thank us for telling
you about themi then come back anyway, and ask us to give you back your
money. This is just as strong as we'
can make this guarantee, and we want
to make It strong, because we believe
■that Rexall Orderlies are- the best
'bowel remedy made.
Soothing and easy in action, they
cleanse the bowels, thoroughly toning
and strengthening them, and make you
feel great. They promote easy and
regular .bowel action, help to relieve
constipation and overcome its cause.
In. these things they differ from old-
fashioned, harsh, disagreeable salts
and other physics which usually give
only temporary relief and often leave
the bowels in worse condition than
ever. They taste like candy and even
•children .like them. They are particularly good for children and for deii-
oate and aged people. In vest pocket
tin 'boxes; 10c, 25c, 50c.
You can buy Rexall Orderlies only
ait The Rexall Storos, and'in this town
only of us. N. E. Suddaby, Victoria
Avenue,'Fernie, iB. C.
On 'December 15 there were over
100.000 surplus freight cars in the
United States and Canada, At corres^
ponding date ■& year ago the surplus
was only 17,058. Six weeks previous ■.
to the last report for 1912 there was
a net shortage of more than 51,000
cars, so .that in a little over 13 months
•there has -been a reduction of 151.000
in the number of freight cars needed
by shipipens.—The Coal and Ooke Operator and Fuel Magazine.
Under chattel slavery the master
owned> the man', but under wage -slavery 'the master owns the jab. '
"By Unseen Hands"
A thrilling detective story
"A Military Judas"
A Stirring, Thrilling War Picture
Majestic Comedy
Brimful of interesting subjects
Admission 10c and 20c    '
Matinee   Saturday, 2.30, admission 5c and 10c
FEBRUARY 4th to 7th
Matinee Thursday, February 5th", 3.30 p.m., 10c and 20c
Wi' n»ml tin* following in tho Ty-iinjrrnpliiral
•lournnl, nnd while our face w«n xuffiwiil witli
l»J»i<iii'8. w«; immiIiI not rt»ni»t tlio toni|/tdtion nf jutli-
'.i'ii'ijr thin i'li|i|iiiifir. Evidently tho printer** ur<»
:k I Ktioh n Iuul tttmeli aftor nH, hut wo ni'ii.ut
nny tho nanus about th»w*o ofiwiffitl in finattrial
tijMiiil inlin:
"Aftor ilooMiriir rttmtUy Ut |.iil.lifch ,t monthly
|.ii|'or nt tho llliiiuu Mtnto ponitoiilinry nt Joliot.
fiilt. Tho Fodoral (lovommont in nt prownt •"»»- jt«> ho oiliiwl hy tho cmivioU, Uio primm olfioiah
tfiit-ps-il ''or will ho shortly) upon invontiffntinir Iln- woro noinowhnt orohnrrnsn-Hl—not to nny mtrprmoil
oohl *lorau»» <|Uo«iiou, whioh i* olniin.il lo h*  iv !__■)„ f\M\ thnt there wan not oiib printer imiontr tin-
institution,   A funm>r (umm.
cntitunmi  for fo-woro   will   1*,*
A.,,, ),,,■'-.'... **:Ayit* li,.f.<n*iv<- <*>••< *\     ,,!*»,,,.     «,mu. yr>nr«i n"o U  w«« noi-own •*■-■>• «.i'
prwlnoern will not wli inalor « •••'I'tnin pri--o. Thoy ,!;.,,<,|ji'mu<. jl,,, jMihlicMUuii of Un- j»m-*n pn]*.r in!
lannot. ovon if thoy wouUI.  Tin*' <<m1 ""f fr««»5'«,'»'«- [•h- Ohi* |H"H3«f«ti*ry at rolnmhint Wif<w# nt *,k-,*l
tion flrol lmokinn is w»«h thai H 'hi.* not pay thorn :uiwnoo  of prtuhT*. although  thoro  woro  fifty '
t.i  'ft.' hir*.
ortftl «loraU** OiioKiiciH,  wiurii  to iiii.iiiKi  •   •■   j—mi iiiki nun inure w
apamtbla lo a lar«« «*t«il, »o o.rwatt«tic hi'tfli pri<-."i. j^ inmitea ol tbat
t       r,    .... . t ft**,'* not* n,*tl*l*ttt**\ I ;,,,,,.   I,.,„!.„,.    «n,fAa>  t
t.wt) )*:*** *-***'"■■ ■'-    ■
in r*.-. or iin
l<»   III.' . »»'»    1«»V .
•*!   ri>ft:f»*(t»   t\i
^ Owing to tha enormous amount ot copy received irom tlie camp* to*aid* the «ud
I of tilt week, which often necessitate! running oar typesetting machine night and
day, and the nwny complaints which reach tu about the Ledger being Ute, we nn
compelled to ent ont all camp newt that arrives on Friday nettling.  Il sbonld be
remembered that wt mast go to press at 3% to catch all oar mail down the Ttm
and contributor* wiil pkase note that aU mm* should be in not latoi Ukau TUiiu-
day morning, although we prefer ft Wtdnetday
Louis Meyer offers
In the merry Farce Comedy that
makes the whole  world   laugh
"The funniest within memory,"
Daily TeUtgrspti, London.
"Best Comedy and Company seen
in years "—-Herald, Meatrsat.
"Was bound
to succeed."
Sur, Montttai.
"Two and a half hours ot up*
roarious laughter."
Tribe**. Win-niptf.
"Swept   the  audienc*   with
,    * n,  ...t!ir»"
Pwfweif Vemouwf.
Glebe, Toreato.
Stephen T. Humble
For Skates, Hockey Sticks, Heaters
Ranges, Furniture, Stationery etc
We have a complete new
stock of
Groceries & Canned Goods
Also several  Salvage lines away below cost
Frank, Alta*
Bellevue, Alta
Direct from Fifteen Months Run at the Strand
Prices, 25c to $1.50.
Seats Now Selling.
English Branches
English tier
•psetal attention paid te out of tow* etudertts
in mattor of board, discipline ete.
tonslblo rodiiotlon to all who enroll boforo Feb,
IB. Mark with a X tho court* doslrod and
mall to
J. W. BENNETT, Principal
FERMIE, Britiah Columbia.
write fer fell partleulars w*i ,\    •; ia "T      ^ "^VhT"
ij^Syv* r -r v..  4- ^ ,*-.*
„ Xtj. i-iS-s^fJ^sm^s-^j-
**¥**« M*»¥0M»»MMM»¥»¥O»»»»'fc'»***»0****«*»««»«*0*»*»^^
News  of The  District
■ t
■ t
■ t
• t
• I
Bellevue Local Union Notes
• Mr. William .Newton had the mis
fortune to -be badly bit hy a dog on
Monday while on his way home. After
being attended to by Dr. McKeiuie 1-e
•wa« taken home, where he is .progressing as well as can be expected.
It will be same time before he will be
able to walk again, the muscles of his
leg being injured,
Mr. Noble McDonald's child met
with an accident on Monday .while
playing about the kitchen. The little
one in some way fell on the stove and
badly burned itself about the hands
and annus. The child is progressing
very favorably.
The Bellevue hockey team went to
Frank on Tuesday and played Prank
in a League fixture. The game was
a * good one and'at the cadi of time
. was a Ue. It was decided to play five
minutes each way overtime, and
Frank -scored, the result being 4-3 In
favor of Frank.
'The Burns anniversary and dance
in the Workers' Hall on Friday was a
great success. The following assisted at the program: Mr. J. R. McDonald (chairman), the band, Messrs. Mc
Lean, 'Paton I. Hutton and D. Hutton,
tMtes Tennant, Mr. J. McNeil, Mr. G.
W. Goodwin, Dr. D. C. McKenzie, Miss
iHowo, Mr. R. Petrle, Mr. R. D. Davidson, Mies Bradley. Dancing wa_s 'kept
up till the wee «ma' hours of the morning.
Mr. John Brooks Is now oocupydng
the house that has .been used for a
hospital. The patients have been moved
to the new hospital that the doctor
has had built for the purpose.
The new steel bridge tliat bas been
expected has arrived and is ready to
ibe installed at the old site between
Bellevue and Hillcrest.
The stork has again visited .the
camp and this time left a fine son to
Mr. and Mrs. Ailf. Sheldon. Mother
and child doing well.
A grand masquerade carnival at the
B-rftevue rink Monday, Feb. 2. The
following are the events and prizes
with name of th* donators: Best
dressed man, box cigars, $3.50, W.
Walsh; -best dressed lady, Williams
hand ibag, $10.00, C. E. McDonald; best
dressed -couple, box cigars for gent,
pair shoes for lady, by Grafton aud
Burnett. -The Bellevue Brass -Band
will be -there in full strength, so
'. come and bring your friends. The
hockey match will be between the
suffragettes and sundowners.- The
-prizes -for the match Is a keg of .beer
by Tom Beeson. Admission, 25c. No
one allw-ed on the ice before 9.15
9TIo>"<5onie and have some fan.
Mr, Stephen Humble has been confined to his home for the last week
with a severe cold.
Tlie Rev. Inwln was at Tennese Coulee this week on church business.
A quiet -marriage was solemnized at
the Methodist -parsonage on Saturday,
•when Mr. Jesse Coleman Johnson, of
Mad-god waa married to Miss Lena
Sorenson, of Vermillion. The couple
left Tuesday for their future home at
Macleod. The Rev. William performed
the ceremony,
Our meeting convened at our usual
hour, -with the vice president occupying the chair. The minutes of the previous meeting were adapted as read.
The correspondence consisted for
the most part in resolutions for
amending or adding to our constitution. Many and varied were the suggested amendments, and if this zeal
could only .be maintained in all our
activities, what a change would be
wrought in the condition of those who
toil. The, suggested preamble from
■two Locals Avas of a revolutionary
■character, but it -met with the approval of tills Local. All the preambles
In the world won't avail us much if
we don't be up and doing.
The suggested amendment that no
officer be allowed to stump for any
political panty other than the Socialist
party without getting the, sanction of
the Distriot through the referendum,
Is following up in great fashion, "For
these'are they who came through
great .tribulation." It is to be hoped
that all the delegates will come prepared to give reasons .why some of
these changes are suggested, especially one in mind re the cutting of our
defense -fund in half.
The only other -piece of correspondence of note was from.a lawyer containing his bill for transferring our
property and a suggestion for our future guidance, both in the saving of
our time and money.
Reports, of Committees
The auditors brought in an itemized
account of our last quarter's doings,
iwhich, whilst making a good showing,
yas not all that could be desired, as
our expenses have grown considerably
over last quarter, brought about by
our generosity to different causes.
The report was accepted and left for
the -members' perusal.
The Pit Committee reported their
(Inability to adjust two of our grievances with the superintendent, which
necessitates our handing them over to
our District officers for them to endeavor to adjust We also desire
their efforts In getting a finding on
what'constitutes a practical miner for
check measuring.   'More anon.
Will the members kindly note that
subcontracting and using back hands
is not allowed, and that ignorance is
not aft excuse for the same?
We concluded a lengthy meeting by
series of games at billiards. The
prize .put up was a valuable cue and
case. The foil-owing are the results of
•the ities: J. Thomas, 465 .points; M.
iHyelop, 500 points; Archie Anderson,
486 points; M. Hyslop, 500 points., M.
Hyslop having pulled through both'
ties is the winner. Both games were
full of excitement from start to finish.
On Tuesday night the Coleman
Hockey Club journeyed to Bellevue
and indulged the local club in one of
the fastest games played under
League auspices this season so far.
On the call of time both teams had
scored two goals each. Extra time
was played, ..but neither team could
claim advantage over the other.
On Saturday night a smoked scicial
was held lathe Eagles' Hall under ithe
auspices of the Order of Owte, .Mr.
William Allen in the chair, when a
most enjoyable time was spent toy
all':present and was voted the. best
smoker held for some time, There
was a plentiful supply of good things,
the Mutaine being supplied-by the
genial Charles Faure. The president,
in his opening remarks, referred to the
advantages of the Order." Anyone desiring to join the Order should' make
application, to the secretary or any
of the officers of the Order. Also not
to heed any of the stories that are
circulated round town and for information apply to members for accurate
data. The smoker was In add of Bro.
Tom Bouch, who -was injured In the
mine some time ago.
A meeting was held last week .'by
several ladles of Coleman for the pur-
■pose of forming a nursing class, with
Mrs. Graham as president, Mrs. James,
vice president; Mrs. J. Thompson, secretary-treasurer; Dr. R. T. Ross, lecturer.
One of the- best little vaudeville
show® seen in the Pass will visit the
Coleman Opera House on Monday next
—the McCloskey Tabloid Company.
This neat little company has been
playing to crowdted houses right ithro'
the'Pass and everywhere has received
much appreciation and had crowded
audiences. The show is first class*,
clean and smart, while prices are popular.
Carbondale Local Union Notes
The regular meeting of the Carbondale Local union met on Sunday, the
21th, the (president, J. O. C. McDonald,
•being absent on business, attending
the convention in Indianapojis.
The minutes of the previous meeting
were read and adopted.
The correspondence, which was of
a very slight nature, was read and
passed for discussion.
Nominations for delegates to the
District convention took plafce. Three
members were nominated to represent
the Local at Lethforidge, and on the
vote being taken Ed. Barnes .was the
The correspondence was then.taken
up for discussion and t received' some
Somo bills were submitted and pass-
ed to the Finance Committee to be
passed If found correct.
A motion being in qrder to adjourn,
the meeting accordingly adjourned.
The hoboes sentenced last .week to
two and three months respectively,
.both had a "record," and a pretty good
one at that, so the sentences were
after ail not unduly harsh.
Tuesday's meeting of the Local discussed the various resolutions from
the different Locals, which will come
before the Distract convention, and the
delegate was instructed how to vote
on them. The other business transacted was of a routine nature and of
no (particular interest to the membership at large.
It is now possible to get the Ledger
at T. A. Cornett's store.
The municipal election .was held on
Monday. Although the day was very
cold a large vote was-polled, the total
being 211, distributed among the can
£^J^"X^%!?£\%£-V*W*'■■«:«»**: ¥«*. LW'V
for both mines and the paying of bills.
eM ji spus[ osoin* aimai oj nova esem
(Too late for "publication lost week)
After being-idle since Saturday; the
10th inst.. the mine (here commenced
operations again today—Wednesday.
We hope there will be no more stoppages for a long time.
The farewell dance given in -the
New Hall in connection with Ruth
Crosble's departure was voted to ibe
the beet seen here for some time. The
crowd afterwards packed the Pioneer
The meeting of the ntam. of ^^S^^V^S^t£
the Bellevue school district convened
In the Workers' Hall, on Thursday
afternoon, at 2 o'clock. After Uie
minutes of the previous meeting had
been read and adopted, a communication waa read from the Minister of
Education informing the board that
the Jaw -concerning school districts
had been repealed and that they had
to govern themselves accordingly.
Tney also had an election for school
trustees and James Burke was elect*
ed -hy acclamation. The School Board
met again on Monday evening for tho
•election of officers, when William
Cole, the chairman of the board for
the lost year, resigned, and James
Burke yas elected chairman for the
next year. William Chappell* Jr. was
again elected aecrotary4reaaui»r.
A sacred couoert will be niven tn
the Methodist Church on Sunday, Feb.
1, at S.4S.
On Tae*day night tha Ooleman
hockey team cams her* to play to
local toy* Um League fixture. The
«atno waa played in thm il0-mlniu»
periods, and ths officio) nferee was
Mr. Demon. Hellenic scored tli* flrtt
coal and soon a/ter Coleman managed
to find Um> net. The first period end-
mi M. The second period «aa fturt
and clean, hut Dellerue was the only
team to scors. end of the second p»
rtod teora: 21 In favor ot SkUnum,
The third period was good, hut with-
out score. The Coloman boys found
the net In the last period, whicfo mode
the feme » He. llie teams d#cided to
play ovstnime. without any scores,
and Coleman decided to -rom* hark
nest week and play the match over
Professor Reese, the handcuff kinjt.
was at the Lyric Theatre on Tuesday
nlaht and gave his audience on* of
the best vaudeville shows they hare
•ver aeon, fill work was certainly
•Md Md he got out of the handoiffa
In abort time.. He alio got out of th*
rope that eome of tho men in the
audience tied Mm In, Ho did some
vnry *l#v*r w#rfe and Ihote ufco did
not turn Mm missed a tf*at.
hearing some good songs by the Coon
trom Dixie, whose efforts were well>
<Miss Ruth Crosble left here lor Calgary on Tuesday, the 20th inst.
The stork was very ;busy, In the
early part of last around Beaver, hav.
Ing (bestowed on Fred and Mrs. Hope?
tx fine baby girt: on Joe and (Mrs.
Strouch a baby boy, and on Ed. and
Mrs. Wrrickson alto a bouncing baby
boy. In all three came the mothers
and babies are doing well.
Tuft Lustier, late barn boss, who
left here last September, blew into
ramp again yesterday looking fresh
and well.
It would be Interesting to know who
the thief or thieves were that stole the
(Jnmk vol' beet from outside Harry
UrottiiV shack last week, A 60 lb.
chunk of fresh meat la too tempting a
halt, Harry, -for thieves to nibble at,
when there Isn't a hook inside to hold
them tn»L
On Friday night, the 33rd, the 8cot>
Ush people of Coleman met at the
Opera House to celebrate tbo 165th
anniversary of the birth of ftcotta's
bird. Robbie Bum*. Quests to the
number of about one hundred and fifty
ant down to an excellent dinner, llie
menu comprised haunts, roast beef
and tatties, roast mutton aud floh.
mashed turnips and green peas, and
plum dumplings. After the dinner,
which was liberally partaken of, a
concert won given, the following
ladles and gentlemen taking part:
Mr, W. Hell; address hy the chairman.
A. M. Morrison, J. p.: song, Mr*. William Kelly; reading, Mr. .lohn Chalmers; song, Mr, John Ik-verlda*; address, Rev. Mr, Murruv; aong, Mine
Hell; violin eote. Mr. Jam** lltiwel:
song. Miae Maggio Malcolm: reading.
Mr. John Chalmers; song. Miss Allan;
terson, 25; "Frenchy," 17; Truswell,
3; spoiled ballots, 2. As Leech and
Truswell were the ncuulnees of the
well with both in the field Patterson
iwould have a walk-over, on Saturday
night Truswell announced: his (Intention of dropping out, pnd a notice iwas
put on the door of the polling #lace to
that effect. Early ijt the day It looked as it the miners would win, and
seeing this the automobiles were busy
In the afternoon and everyone that
could possibly be readied were hauled
to the poll. One noticeable thing was
the number of women that voted. It
seems that by having property in their
wives' names gives the business men
an advantage and the miners want to
get wise and do the same, "Frenchy"
announced that he was running to
split the miners' vote, because he felt
they hau not supported him at the
regular election. Well, "Frenchy," 1
guess you know now where you got
those eighty votes.
The Redcllffe hockey team visited
Taber Tuesday night and played to a
draw with the local team. A special
train came with the visitors, among
whom was our old friend, Peter Begg.
who is remaining in town for a day or
two visiting friends. The score for the
game was 5-5.
A fire occurred at the mine houses
on Saturday, when the building occupied by chief engineer McMahon was
burned to the ground. Nearly all the
lioiibfliold furniture and effects were
The fire department had a call on
Monday morning to the Taber restaurant, where a slight fire had broken
out.  (Not much damage waa done.
Alf. Budden lectured In the Miners'
Hall on Tuesday night, Not a very
large audience turned out. sa the
night was very cold and also it happened to 'be the night of the hockey
game hetween Redcllffe and Taber.
However, the few who did go board a
very Interesting lecture. Tho subject
was "Socialism and the Christian
Church,** and Comrade Bud-den handled H in on able manner. Thia is
the flrtt time the speaker has lectured here, hut we hone to noo him
again toon when It la hoped a inner
audience will turn out.
Hie by-law patsed some time to
raise money for water extensions, hat
been declared not In accordance with
the provincial statutes and has to be
resubmlttcil. The town solicitor gvtt
tho blame, as he Is Mipposed to advise the council on these matter*. The
The, min<)s here are started on
short time, No. 3 having been idle
two days this week for want of orders. It is believed that if the weather holds as at present for the .matter of tivvo weeks that it will assure at
least six weeks further steady work.
Jonathan Davenport has again resumed wo£ik at No. 6 mine after being
off work for six weeks as the result of
an accident sustained on his first day
in that 'mine.
The death occurred Monday of
Mary, the infant daughter of Mr. and
'Mrs. Tunnpzl, of StaffordviHe,. The
funeral was held Tuesday, at 3 o'clock,
from St. Patrick's Church to the Roman Catholic cemetery.
Karl Theodorvltch left Thursday of
last week for Colorado, where he had
been called by International Viice President Hayes.
John Brown has returned home from
Bellevue, where he has been working
ln the mines for the lost two months.
Despite-the exceedingly cold night
a goodly number attended the card
social given In the K. of P. Hall Tuesday evening by the Ladies1 Altar Society of St Patrick's phurch. Twen-
tyJlve tables were In play, the coveted favors -being won by Mrs. Kenny
and Mr. .Be-daid. After the inviting
supper at li-30, dancing was resumed
.LunjtiLJ-^locfe-^e-^-p-e^ sec
service at that hour was greatly appreciated iby those living on the north
side.' '" ■ '-°''   :
The death occurred Wednesday
morning of Sarah, the flveimonthsold
daughter of Mr. and ■'•Mrs. Peter Fox,
of Seventh Avenue North! TThe sympathy of their many friends Is extended to them in their sad bereavement,
this being their second within the last
six months.
■The wedding took place today (Wednesday' of Alexander McPheat to
Mrs. Pollock, of 12th Avenue.
Gathering of the Clans
On Saturday evening, a large number of the Scottish fraternity assembled together ,to celebrate the anniversary of the poet, Robbie Burns.
After the,, assembly, had"ipantaken of
the "haggis," George Anderson, in
eulogistic terms, imraortadized the
memory of the poet. Several speeches were made and toasts drunk, after
which a program of considerable
•length was gone through. Bill Men-
zies' rendering of the poem, "The
diel's awa' ml' the exciseman," brought
forth loud applause. Bill} Young renewed the old poem. 'Willie brewed
a peck o* imaut," in his own Inimitable
style, J. Allan recited "Tam o' Shan-
iter," aind made the assembly skirt;
James McGovern sang "Corn rigs and
barley" with great effect. The audience roared whei\, Dan Wilson recited
"Tae a haggis." Other toasts and
songs brought the gathering to a close
in the wee ima. hours, "Auld Lang
Syne" being sung with gusto by the
What is title?   What is pleasure?
What is reputation's care?
If we lead a.life ©'pleasure
'•Tis-no matter how or where.
What stole the haggis? Now, Danny, get wise!
The Weir Benefit Concert
The benefit concert, in aid of-J. S.
Weir, given under the auspices of the
Coal Creek Amateur Dramatic Society, in the Club Hall, on Monday last,
was a splendid succees. It is difficult to find ai>y other word to adequately express how successful it
was, (but as most of our readers are
no doubt aware, when the> Coal Creek
people make up their minds to give a
benefit concert to help a deserving
case, no .matter who or what it may
be, they have tlie happy knack of
eventually alighting at the home bf
Mr. amd Mrs. Robert Johnstone*, leaving a baby daughter to gladden the
hearts of the parents. Mother and'
child doing well. Bobbie all smiles.
• The committee of the Amateur Dramatic Society are requested to meet
in the Club Rail, on Sunday morning,
11 o'clock.   Business very important
We think it would be advisable for
those attending the dancing class to
help clean away their dishes after the
social, Too much for one persons,
The settings used in the concemt on
Monday reflect great credit on Frank
A'esaok, who did the work for the Dramatic Club,
The heavy wind of Monday afternoon blew down the smoke stack of
No. 2 boilers, causing' the fan to stop
and thereby lay off the afternoon shift
in 1 Bast mine. .        »
A large crowd of section men were
here clearing the yards of snow on
The Liberal rally held in Fernie, on
Tuesday evening, was attended by a
crowd of Creekites.
■The mines were .Idle Saturday last,
resuming work Sunday night, l Bast
and I North only, AU mines resumed
work on 'Monday midnight, idle again
Wednesday, resuming 11 p.m. Wednesday.
The furniture and drapery used in
the concert, held here on Monday
evening last was kindly furnished, by
TrttesnWood Co. Say, what about the
hair ipln?
The Coal Creek brothers of the K.
P.'s turned out in full force on Tuesday evening. Reports are that a good
time was spent; Say, Bob, what is
your idea of a "lydy"?
The .present weather we are experiencing is quite suitable to the man
engaged to look after the skating
rink. We notice him wearing the
smile that won't come off when he
finds It has snowed heavily during
the night.   Good for you, old chap!
Superintendent Shanks was away-
a,t Calgary on business during last
week end. *
"Hello, Topsy! bow are you?" This
is the slogan of the oamp just now.
Michel Local Union Notes
Regular (meeting at 2 n.m. The usual
order of business was first dealt, with,
then the Sick Benefit Fund had to
undergo a few more changes. The
Sick Committee gave in their report,
which resulted' in two members being
denied sick benefits for not complying
with tbe by-laws. Members must bo
off >work two weeks from the l&th of
Jarauary. AU claiming sick pay previous to the ISth under tlie old bylaw must be off work one week. The
Sick Fund is somewhat like agreements, and when made we can always
find room for some amendments. The
next Important business was tht- reading of some resolutions that came
from a few other Locals,. which led
to the delegate having instructions
how to vote at the convention. Not
so many grievances now; things must
be changing. Everybody better sat's-
f led■: well, let us hope so.
Realty Go.
Mrs. Frank Martin, who bas been
visiting friends In ;Medlclne Hat, arrived home on Tuesday.
The rotary snow plow has begun
t'o move the wow off the track leading to the big showing. The company
Intends to ship coal by the 2nd of
next month.
Owing to a bearing getting burnt
In the dynamo, the town was thrown
ln darkness ou Monday night
Albert Newman, who has been driving a team for Blairmore, has accepted a position tu bmkeman on the E.
& C. railway.
Frank Newman Is running the Armstrong on night shift.
We are pleated to aay that Joseph
Krlkotky Is recovering rapidly.
Wo are aorry to state that Tony
Bralth, our moving picture operator,
Is very sick. Wo all with tor a
speedy recover)'.
Samuel Rid way, better known as
"Scotty," who hat heen idle slnco tho
Mb of December, owing lo an abscess
In tbo leg. Is able to got around again.
When is the next batket social
coming off? Young mm -worn in b*
backward In coming forward In Cor-
not only financial, but moral, support
front every Individual in the camp. If
hard work, boosting and perseverance
can secure the result, they have this
and to sipare.
This splendid support was manifested to a marked degree on Monday
night by (tl*e crowd that filled the hall
and approach, and *ven encroached
upon the stage. The juvenile element
iwas, of course, there in full force,
but they were not alone. Thoir fathers and mothers were there to hear
the old favorites and applaud their
efforts, True, they had heard them
before, but the Coal Creek people aro
botfc appreciative and loyal. Tbey recognize the effort made by the Amateur Dramatic Society and the sacrifice that the members of the society
make to cater for their entertainment.
We are informed that lt Is the intention of the amateurs to shortly
hold a benefit concert to Im<prove the
financial condition of the society and
discharge several debts. When thjs
takes (place, we feel confident that
the residents of the camp will respond
as readily us ihey did on Monday
The proeecdliiKs wero opened by a
few remarks from the chairman, Mr.
John Shanks, wlio ttpolu* In eulogistic
terms of thu responso to thti appeal,
and made mention of the object of the
concert, which wan to provide an artificial leg for Bro. J. S. Weir, who
lost his limb in an accident while
working at the mine*.
The sneaker alto spoke of the quiet
and industrious disposition of Mr.
Weir, who, at the time of hit accident,
was studying with an ld«a to securing
mining j»p*rs and Improve his condition. Before doting hi* r-nmarks,
Mr. Shanks mentioned that the train
with the Fornle contingent had not
arrived, <uid he wan ut a lot* m know
whero they would scat the few thous-
, ani Vuv, ixuiu ui\iit,<-Xitn ti|». How-
i ever, possibly they would *tay and en-
Joy the dance which would follow im-
Mr. Tom Williams, mine inspector,
visited the mines last week, making
his usual Inspection. He called the
attention of -miners to the new special rules of systematic, timbering.
iBlll Savage started a hunting trip
fifl_Ecldat,moCTl ng *-JCragpingr-w»4ia'-
derstand, Is his object this trip. We
wish you success, BUI. You know
how to catch them If you have to muzzle them,
Fred Gullett and family have arrived in camp. We are Informed he
started, to'work in No. 8 North, commonly called "Jig brow" by our Lancashire boys. .
Harry Evans arrived In camp last
week end. -No place like home, ow'd
lad, thou's (worth another Job here If
that'll satisfy thee.
The Michel boys are taking In the
snow shoeing and having good sport.
A few of the ladles also are enjoying
it muchly.
The class of mathematics given by
Mr. James Moore, we are pleased to
say, is having good results. They
meet on Sunday, 7.30 p.m., in the
school room, Old Michel. There are
20 students already making good progress, which looks good for the tuition they are receiving,
Now is  the time
for protection
You cannot afford
to lose when we
can  protect   you
Agents for Oliver Typewriter
Co. Machines at 17 cents per
bin. ,.... ._         .... .
Owing to  mmt*  ml«und<>rstandlnB, mediately uUnr the concert,
tho mt«tuerad« hall did not fome off,     Th« following program wat ihrni
but will com* off at a later dato,        gone through: Ilobert Hampnon, "Af-
Wo hear that O. Elmer and R, Oar-} ton Waters": Jo* MacMlltan.   "Sons
bett have purchatod a l>*n of prUe
bred chickens,
There will bu « meeting of Corbin
Ixx-al Union on Sunday next, at 3 p.
m, AH mem-her* are reque«ti»d to
of th* IKtert"; W. H. I*uckfl.v, ' Th«
HoM, Collector" (en-core. "Ho* nro
you?"»; 'Mrs. Dawson, sonn; J. Mew-
Mt, "That's what a man can'i do"
(encon»t; It. MclVgan. "lulhul of
ftreams."   Tin* diiologm*, "A hiir nl
H. G. GO ODE YE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furntth your houtc from cellar to garret and ai bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell others.   If not satlifltd, ttll ut.
discovery wot made by the firm who j lunatics," In which Mrs. C. Percy awl
had bought the hands. '♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦! f>- F. Markland f(aur»«d. was *-»U r«-
R*».  Mr.  Mnhaffy. Juvenile court  » ♦ledwd. (Mm  MI<Hm4I nnd Mr jww-
nmniMM**, has w«!*ii*d his position j ♦ HOSMER NOTtS ♦) «"'«» »!«<» contributed itema to tto
owing to public feeling ovor a ten- ♦ ♦(program,    IHirlng  the  Interval  *li»«
tmm handed out by him i» n child of !♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦  ••w was arranged for thc moot tu
uddrww, Mr Hmm s«o»t; wag. MIm! eight iwn,    It owm th« the hoy i I *!*»• «* tnnwn. n btirfmw* on "l'nrt«»
ig, lira. Kelly: oonr.  Mtw'hsd taken a pair of tkatrt from th»
i'oin« nml *|wn«! n pleitftfliii
rwninp nm\ nw» ' :    :    :    :
nf m,*,hn  pf.'-frrrv-   tlu.it   u
Niitv tn |>i«»t.e fine nttti oil.
&w jMim
I Hell: song,
i Msygt* itatcolin, After the concert
tho floor wm clmrwd and dancing
waa Indolgod In nntll 3J0 a.m. Minch
was served about 9 a.m., which con*
titled of tea and sandwiches., tank*
ncotim tind ouituiccul caltstt. Thm gathering on thle occasion was Uie iarg*
I to show that the »i«(me nf f-brni* ront^t '
i «* to* heart of ail nations, Ttie nm* \
miiie*! with to thank all who so Hiier-
■lly «wlrihMf#(i th* Ktwad ii-tafff t«-|
wards making th# gathering * sue J
cess. l
ilr, Oiilm-lt* »ife ot Mr Htoiroo't* '
, motM u-j Utt-wMtNMt oit-n my awM-mly
• on Thunrda), Jan. St, at her resident*.
Mrs. OuSmetse had been auendlng to
i ter f oo*i'loll dutten in thc morning
I tt «fnal, when the •nddeiily fell over
| and AUl. Xh'liati aid was summoned
1 at oacn hut nothing could tm 4m*.
I Tlie d-matod -lady was of a **ry unlet
ichool and the uoilce were asked to
hunt them up. When found wiih the
skate* In hit notfcstloit the lid) wat
fiikcti til-fore Mr. Mshaffy. who mn-
fenced htm to three yeart in the riv
form school at Portage la Ifalrie.
where he was s*nt ne*» *»nmtie>
ttrnn mo m*)or fteatu of it he was
■•( 1-   "l ■,,!.'l.:i  .!.    ;,!..i,l    -J.*lil  ,tj,lM   vr.'-int,.*
took etefit tn have n-n (nvet-tUHtlon.
Mr. Chadwlek. the head of tho Juvenile
T,..' dog derby tcheduleri for Htm-   T«tn'« I'atilti" the «-at(e of which *«*
d»>  la«* had io be pottponM until j as follow*:
WVtinemday owing to the stormy w«a- j f-tltnon Ukw rirohtllth Tretwr
th. r.    Tlmru  w«»r«  -Mil*   « few   wi-\ Vvnit. Torn Itnn'hrtm Ynmt
tram*.   It. Hmilh's dog wat first twitt j Topsy Xotdlvad YmrnlJ
ttn»   jKitl,    winning   tine   tubs)imtliiI' Urttl*> Kvu  Vcny. H«!nh-.,
prl*# given br th* Hosmer Wvery Co.!    Tlw   Identity ttt tht* chsractwr* will i
otells. from IVirnie. were In Howmer.to left     -Kvm-v vm-n^w" <*' "v   'i *'•
i»j.i.Mii-,ji* ,*jm»iih u»ti si*«ur ittAiiy wmiwmI tw* i»rtlon toil MkiwI audi
t(-rr*J* 'l-if-rt'. j -he nki.U'h ***»*« -citrrlmt UirwuKh with«|
A    Rutwlan   *»"*»   char»ed   tteforefuwt n hlteh   In •»(•'*«- »* '*"" '"' *M* .
■if-''-.mmmi >«*»!» mm Wakurio. 5 MwMira. Uta«*t* »«'i H«rn« with selling i "Mul*   K»i't"  aUbrevbi.d  nwtum-Ki
and found that* Mr. Mahafify ha! erred t Intogicanit *itli<mt ■* llcente In "New \ mA dilnrj »ln»««irlf. ihr»«',ri.4 nt one*
en !hr*-»» nolnta—flrat, that no ehlM ! Vbrls."    Il(»*'i'( r'n    nororlout    mhutl   tlmo u* *<-r..!ne ** tio- „ r,**...*.•••»•'.«-,.^■-
»,.,»,,».,..,.,*,.,  t,.i9t ,„.,.*,* *. •   ','   ,   .,,     A,. ...   .   .-...M.W   ■t>»«»»*^.«»K   ***>, **** t***!*!.      Iw!»»»',"  iitn.-x*» «'*r «>nf" s
■a rwfmw whoo!: second, lhat a child' dcu'n nmU if .■inewetaed »» to blsf f^al. *np«ir»-d in bav»- itr»«» I'fUt «
f«u!4 not be tent for ihe flrtt offence: ! sn'lt •hhoutJ'. I" *<** evident he «a*s fwii-id-srjbly. while i!i*«* i-*-rMii,-:*'.<ni *,i:
end third, that the magfatrate did not | the tewiwwt f.r nthert.   The magtt-; "l'ncf«< Tom" wa* m h*-m ,.ii.«t »»
hare the power to give such a sen*I trat** had no i«t'ero*ilv« nnder th*| fw»nHble.   "8!mon U-vrn-" ■*-*■* un t**'
mum. ss that had to be done hy the I Uiw«*r Art h»it ■*, jw«s **nten*f-e of  w!!ent villain, but. tii.:^.- m .••■• nf lis*,
ful! hoard which -eontlats of several! *\% m*rm\hn lm-i ithor.   Th-B msg'-w I kind. ot*ntoA mirth iw»if»A f-i i'-t.\H,
ladies* gotltfs in cmraertlon with {sent to the children** home in l.rf h
ff) !<it.ri,:ft * he , biiJiui.
. .:(.»'^>kUiwk'«. twin* «tinne«-ti«ij wim tint
I Ions h
tho l««'<iii"--fi! fhnr-'h
Allow mo to twmct a nHstske in
lint, week's ts-imr. Mr. WltHitw May-
torn »« chsimwin of the fTobwian
itt'twul Board, not. nn stated. Mr. M.
II. ilysloo.   litorrr  mil»
Th* Mcood ntsnd «f the MPIard
tou:uo.iu*..ui. *Ukv*U *>» Xmkimt t^t.M-o ei
the tirtnd I nton Millard parto.it for
it -Wftnihlfl sllcer cuti. resulted In good
n'orwt h#iu« imt up by ih* varlowe
The CSehman crack ewlstt |4a>"0d a
flHf-ntoerw   C"€Mftte«ii»witly his decision \ trst*"*i Intewl u*
wtM rottonioA  nttA
*ir*nc>4 hit iMitiiiuu.
•a ih*lr Infhicn*'*' to!
i     ■',-,'-..   .it   t'u*    .*■::
Th* ItrsmailK
Mr   Mtthiftr   m ''•■■•   mt  « ;   ,   •   •■   •''<': A tX-  .*■:>    u. U *f,-n^,„\n,,,
"ritm.tety will hektene* for xin- n».*fv*rtwaste vtcttm who| stogod^the jrfwe.
t» fiti'v i« vniith
\to-ii*i-,*r <-ir-[>-j #-*fi»!Hi**!»*?* are
kt   i.«*   •v.ollii.f.ilili.il.t-il   t>"   ":l-
the tinn'*'
Or*', r
•f.sh" nn-s-xiAi il *(( ih»- f ■
Tli* #l*»'-tla« erf a de'egat.* to tftehahe a -tow**!* *-* Tltiks to I'^mi** on' oif red fire. daWnn a 1»;>
ronvpnilon took |»it^e si thm racularMN- st#: fr»r »■«•»■.• - -*1th rtir!*-r* ot th-e;     \Uw*. flu*.   IVr v, •:
wrt^iiiig «t I*!ok*.*1 Jf'l m tlmtiny.   It. i n*!«H»«rimr *1"* '■ <*»*mt»ttell nm vforHcin r
N'tiwnt wat the *Me*iM#. olootM.        ,    Min Kvi H\i> *■:'-. head hAth*. U\ iwi»U**»l lew iun t>t tt»e i»r-
Th* dl-rectors of the hospital have! tln« Ouneii'*.
4**UimH in nti-t^A th* prt/pmfitfm o4t*t Kdmrnxm.
the miner* wft'h eeferewee to tho -rtpen*
.ima «» her xwntlmi    Thm »t*oit*if with *-»
{ WilMin. gene-rat n>ranas<^
inn nt o tttmvAtnl, »h* government to
-ho tofwlnalsd oi any time wt thtrtjr
days' matte* being given hy either pnr*
it. Tb* hospital will »m tw ia oo*r-
•tion for sow* tlmo to mm* owing to
a itck of twowo.
.X   p:i**r   nf  fl".!':V,•■<■'■■■   f;lfr   lUilku*
w*r«' itut it IVrnle U.,t the mtqwerade
bs'1 on »h* «th
fletii't fnrg»kt 'If Aihletle.Cltth »«'*!
tm Statuf^y*   A *t*orlil Mm *IH h*J U nmptttt-t, roach uhout I'"-*
msndnlln tolot hy Mr. Doty, of Vsn|    Tfeoatork was seen in th-e v<r!nin*
couver    Commence tt I pm. at   WttwrnUm   A venae   on   Sue-.!**.
i ..il   l(4tH.   +U&   Att|*l.   *rr.'■«-
•ittln* es chairman, ani *v
wlfo ostlsfed In any way    'I'l-
turn avalkt-bi* slur eniwi*.-
il. ii
F. M. Thompson Co.
,vTh« Quality Store"
Oroecrlca, Dry OoocU, Crockery Oe
Everything Ut Shoe*
Now it tho tlmo for Folt Boots, Hoavy
Rubbers & Overshoes
The following are a few of our Prices
men* mm Buckie Overshoes       •   $1M
Men's Oil Tan Shoe Packs -   $1.75
Children's one Buckle Overshoes -   $1,00
All Ladies' and Children's Coats to be
cleared at Cost
Men's Heavy Coats   *   $3.90 up
Por the best in Groceries «rive ti* a rati
Five Roses, Robin Hood, & Quaker Flour $3 45
9 per e«ftt discount on Groceries tflD P1CU
10 p. c. on Dry Goods for cath • W UHaH
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blairmore, Alu,
1 *^&y»t
<■'   •^.bK-XyAAA'   -^A'w.'^ -1;*S4* *'h ■'
,-    *V.V    .    X*"<-\*       r       t>   -\    Si--*- J\«,H,& *    t   J.'-   ,    V-.J* J_-
"V'A.W\^\ Jit.*S*4..*-      .
*.   {**   *X J^^).'^4t.  I   -It     ~
n   >1'*.V'-**,\J"'*    '''"'.
A Symposium
on z>aje
Efficiency in the Cutting oj Coal by Machine — By J. M. TULLEY
During the past few years undercut,
ting mining machines have become almost indlspeirsible pieces of machinery ia our mines, where labor is' scarce
and a large tonnage is required. In
mines where tlie coal is undercut before the miner is allowed to enter the
mines they not only increase the efficiency of the miners but are also very
beneficial to 'tlieir safety, as they practically eliminate all chances of careless miners.-shooting their coal off the
At the various plants of the United
States Conl & Coke Company there are
six different types of mining machines, all of which are giving very
good service, namely: The Sullivan
Low-Vein Six-foot Cutter-Bar; Sullivan
Standard Six-.Foot Cutter-Bar; Sullivan Iron-Olad' 10-foot Cutter-Bar; Jeffrey Standard Six-foot Cutter-Bar; Jeffrey Standard Six-foot Cutter-Bar; and'
Jeffrey Bight-foot Cutter-Bar, all
known as short-wall machdnes. These
machines-will all cut coal with the
props set to within fivfe feet, six inches
of the face. AVe at first started to
.mino coal with tlie 'Standard Sullivan
.ma-chine with a six-foot cutter-bar, cut-
ting from right to left or from left to
right, known as a right or a left-toand
machine. These machines are very
efficient, (but would not cut coal
enough In narrow places to allow the
miners to attain the proiper efficiency,
and as we had the safety of our workmen In mind all the time we decided
we needed a longer cutter-bar and not
wider places, as iwlder places might
prove daugerous, We also figured
that a machine that would cut either
rightjhaml or left-hand, but changing
of 'bits, would be more efficient aiid
less dangerous than -pulling a machine
tfrom one side of a room to the other
to start Knitting; so, after telling the
•nuanuflaoturer-s what we wanted, the
SU'lilivan Machinery Company built ns
a -machine after the type of their
•Standard six-foot machine and iin-
iproved it with an eight-foot cutter«bar.
This to a very efficient machine, but
will only cut from right-hand to left-
hand. The Jeffrey Manufacturing
Company built us six Jeffrey machines
with eight-foot -cutter-bars tliat will
out. either dghUiand or left-hand.
These were 'built with the same gearing as the Jeffrey six-foot cutter-ibar
but tliis gearing'Would not run the cutter chain fast enough to clean the machine and caused a strain on the mar
chine and cable, „ After taking this
matter up with the manufacturer Ave
were furnished new gearing, which
runs the cutter chain much faster,
causing Lt to cut freer and faster. We'
also took the 12-in-ih truck-wheels off
and -put on 18-inch truck-wheels, fry
handed tho enthusiast convinces and
dominates where safety dev'ces and
rules would scarcely raise a tremor of
interest. Safety enthusiasm tramples
over prejudice and opposition, spurns
Inaction, storms the citadel of its object, and like an avalanche, overwhelms and engulfs all obstacles.
It is nothing more or less than faith
in action. Faith.and initiative rightly
combined remove 'mountainous barriers and achieve the unheard-of and
miraculous; Set the germ of safety
enthusiasm afloat in your department;
carry, it in your attitude and manner.
It spreads like contagion, and influences every fibre of your Industry before you, realize it. It (begets and inspires efforts you did not dream of; it
means increase in safety aud decrease
to loss of life; it .means joy and pleasure and satisfaction to your workers;
it means life, real and virile; It means
spontaneous bed-rock results.
Then let us become well enthused
here tonight at this Safety-Boosting
Banquet, and pass our enthusiasm in
Safety work on to our Safety Commit-
tees and to our men working at the
face, so that at the end of 1914 ,\ve can
be as enthusiastic over what we have
accomplished as we are tonight over
■what we wish to accomplish.
which the efficiency of the machine
.•was increased* 50 per cent.
We next (purchased- four 10-foot cut-
tenbars from the Sullivan Machinery
•Company, of the iron-clad type, made
to cut In either direction. There are
very satisfactory machines, and I
think our next order will be for 12-tfoot
bars on all our mining machines. *
A mining machine cf any make or
type is a poor machine If not -properly
tiiken care of. Xo machine will run
Jn a .mlho where tlie track Is not properly taken care of. Xo machine will
run lii u mine where the track Is not
properly bonded, where the wires are
not of sufficient *slze to furnish It the
proper current, where the wire is
grounded to the rbof, with dull-bit or
dead lugs In the cutter chain, with
■hare cable for a conductor, or with no
oil greaso on It A machine should be
cleaned After each shift, and not left
to accumulate dirt and dust until It
breaks down and the repairman comes
1n to c|ean it and finds the cause of
the trouble. It 1* very Important that
iproper 'bits are used In mining machines for cutting different kinds of
coal. Wo find that in the Pocahontas
No. 4 seam a -plclcpolnt hit tn the middle and on the top, and a chltel-point
bH on tho 'bottom, are much more efficient than any other combination of
(bits. Evory mining machino should
bo -equipped with an electric lamp, in
good ordor at all times, bo as to Increase ths efficiency and assure the
safety of the men running the machine. Mining machines should ha
looked after 'by the Safety Committee
on Mining, to make sure the cutter is
cutting the coal In tbe kafest way,
Tlio machine runner should go In
each place he lias been Instructed to
the place O. K.; if marked 0. K. ho
should examine It thoroughly beforo
unloading his Machine, and turn that
the condition of the roor and face are
still good, lie nhoultl thai unload ItU
tools and the machine at thoir proper
placet. Ho should put his tool box
or a tmnll prop under the rear end of
(he truck to hold It up and keep the
front end down on the rail, thus mafc-
Init it much easier lo reload the machine. After ciiUIiir sufficient coat,
boforo ho toea to Ihe opposite tide of
his machine he thould tprnjc Ute coal
already cut to koop it from falling out
from the face and striking either the
men or inachine.
To nuke a rood i*r» entage of efficiency In the Hittlmt of conl by min-
tro* tnaf IiIikpw »i»f<»«y muM b«- your first
eonaklermlon, dioili to man and ma
Elimination of Accidents in the Loading of Coal
By W. W. Harding
To efficiently eliminate the number
of accidents in the loading of coal toy
the miner it is necessary to have the
co-operation of the miner. iMany of
our workers are mbre or less inexperienced and are often ignorant of dangerous conditions, which make it the
duty of all to see that the inexperienced are intelligently instructed as to
the hazards of their duty; for some
iminers, even though experienced and
realizing the dangers, have a habit of
putting off, which makes it necessary
to enforce discipline upon miners who
overlook dangers and' put off setting
(posts or pulling down loose coal, rash
or slate. There is another class of
miner that should be dealt with severely. This class is thoroughly acquainted with the mining laws, com-
.pany rules and instructions, but willfully disobey them. These parties
should :be handled severely; then endanger their own lives and also those
of their fellow-workers,, and are a
menace to the mining occupation.
The careless miner must be taught
that no man awns his own life. It belongs to his wife, his children or to
some one besides himself. It is a'
duty every man owes to himself to
take care of Ms life, for the best Interest of to whomever it belongs. If
■minds of every miner, and If we could
but" get his attention firmly fixed on
the fact, we -would have fewer accidents in the mines and the carele&s
miner would retire from business.
As Mr. (Harries, superintendent of
Nos, 4* and 5 plants, said a year ago;
"Are -not we our brother's keeper?"
If so,, and we fail to enforce rules, do
not adapt, every possible means for
safeguarding life and limb of those
■who are in our care, we are culpable.
We ^should keep before us all times-
Safety First. Safety First to the efficient miner is an ideal. (He wiil not
think his place Is safe, but will know
it Is, by examining the sumo. He will
aet the post, as may be required, before loading a car. and keep down all
loose conl, rash and slate; and if In
doubt at any time as to .what to do to
keep himself safe in his working place
he will give the side of Safety the benefit of the doubt.
Many are under the Impression that
efficiency has nothing to do with Safety, but let me Impress upon your
minds that Safety and Efficiency are
twin brothers. Work not efficiently
done has 'not boen done in Safety, and
work not dono ln Safety has not been
done Efficiently. Speed Is related to
neither. The man at the face should
(be taught efficiency, so that lie can
earn from himself and society n better living.
Bducatfon ia needed in the mining
■game. There are some who may say
the education of the miner Is not a
need of present day mining- There is
not n job around the mines hut what
would bo more efficiently done and
w|th less watte were the men who do
lt trained to their work and taught to
make their hands and brains work together. Put a spirit of pride In their
hearts and make good work a matter
of ditcusMon. In a way, efficiency is
the ratio or aetual service to capacity
or ability to ■produce. K miner at the
face whose dally output of coal aver-
iiget five cart aa compared with hia
fellow-worker, who, under the same
conditions, averages seven cars per
day is regarded by his foreman as being an Inefficient workman, and perhaps It Is no fault of the workman,
other than that he doet not handle
his work In tuoli a manner aa a* to
make himself an efficient workman.
Safety and efficiency should be
taught In Ute schools, should bo u l«i>-
ki In the hornet, and wives, mothers
nnd children should take pnrt In w*fety
the one means by which accidents can
be reduced and output increased. The
•price of timber, the expanse of cutting
and transportation and the time consumed in putting Jt in (position, makes
it of great importance to have it properly set. By proper attention to details in this matter money can be
saved to the operator and the safety
of-the bperative increased.
AU timbering should be done systematically, as this will save material
and labor, prevent accidents and delay
from-'.slate-fall.-" In systematizing the
timbering the props should be set
close to the rib, allowing as small a
space as possible unprotected. The
posts ..should be set three feet apart
with six-foot cap-pieces extending over
the road, pob posts should be set six
feet apart,- with four-foot cap-pieces
running parallel with" place. No posts
should be set between track and rib.
Special attention should be given to
the timbering of draw slate and horse
backs, as these conditions are the
moat dangerous and ex-pensive In min-
ins- '       ',.-■■
Where machines are used for undercutting props should be kept within
five and one-half feet, and in pick-mining three feet, of the face at all times.
Care should be taken that props' are
set .with plenty of clearance for cars,
as many serious accidents occur by
the knocking out of props, causing
slate-falls. ,
•Statistics show that falling top is
the greateM source of da tiger in coal
mines; therefore It is necessary that
each official perform his duty to see
that all, timbering is properly done.
It Is evident that better efficiency and
fewer accidents are caused by proper
'timbering, so every care and effort
should! be put forth to further this
work; . ©very precaution should ibe
taken to see that this requisite Is not
neglected', not only to give better efficiency, but to perfect this great new
•movement—ithe movement that has
grown out of the splendid ■brotherhood
of man, one that is filled with human
sympathy and brotherly love, one that
ennobles and elevates both workman
and employer and' draws them into
©loser and better relationship. This
movement is used by the United
States Coal & Coke Company—"Safety First."
it .will delay 4he movement through
the entire mine.. It will start -in endless phalli of detaching the pin from
the next car untilvyour whole equipment is ready for the shop. By a system of inspection these -things can be
kept down to such an extent that no
trouble will occur if a pin does break.
Whenever a car is in need of repairs,
it matters not how trivial or unimportant it may seem, it should be sent
to the, shop. In this way the possibility of accidents' and wrecks are
■brought to a minimum1,
Transportation by motors is just
like a part 'of any other work, it requires co-operation' and efficiency on
the part of (each and every other department to .make it efficient and free
from accidents. If the driver fails
to couple the cars when delivered to
the side-track, or your tipplemen fail
to perform their required part of the
iwork, your system .will be a victim of
inefficiency. We must become inoculated with the geran of enthusiasm if
we .would free ourselves from responsibility for accidents or reach the
point where we can claim the distinction of being efficient. Set the germ
of enthusiasm afloat in: your efforts to
attain efficiency and to prevent accidents in your transportation department, as well as all other departments
of your work, and the year will bring
just what you strive to attain.
Elimination of Accidents in Transportation of Coal by Motors
By A. N. Harris
We are beginning practically the
fifth year of active work in tho prevention of accidents—Safety First—and
since this campaign was started we
have learned that efficiency is the
synonym of__Safeiy_:._hencB efficiency
, Ut ut look at this question from an-
-nhlnery. In nuking tafety the flrtt | other angle, nnd consider tho duties
consideration the u,.iu ruiitiinx the , ol the mine foreman and their assist-
mn*hiiu» should b* a man of sound ! an«» in the elimination of accidents in
Ju Jkiii*. nt, unit h« nhuuld look after the * the loading of coal  by  the intntr.
safety of himmelf an J of lilt fellow j These m«n thould be considered Safe-      ....  „. _.._.,	
workmen ns w-nll n* of hit machine, ty Hjmhlalltie. Why should we alwaje another Important matter. I have m
and the laffst *uy of cutting cottl. to; U« putting thing* off on the miner U-wrlenced more irouble and congestion
thnt the miner ran mine hit e<onl in t whun our forommi nro ttino known to j from the lack of n few roiipHng-jilns
i have violated nilt* and instructions? thsn from any other thing tn the haul-
I Whn •■hntllrt ho thn moo tt* moi iho ox* I **ot< «v«*i*m   t-nit   f wl*"ht **AA   tn thn
■ «millet for Uie minerr   The mine fore- j transportation system of a coal mine.
is the longest step in efficient proven
tion. As regards tlie matter of motor
haulage, by the application of efficient
methods ;we have practically eliminated accidents from this department.
The first move towards accident prevention in this line was allowing more
spaco between the cars and rib; In
other words, by making the haulage
headways uniformly wider. The next
was the standardization of equipment
and aipplication of an intelligent method of handling the traffic. From these
reforms sprung many others that
could bo enumerated, and, finally, to
the point of grading and Improving
the haulage roads, grading over-head
trolley wire, Installing electric lights
afong.the headings and better lighting
facilities of the motors, all of which
have Increased efficiency and decreased accidents. It has got to the point
that whenever a man ..is hurt or an
accident of any kind occurs In transportation by motor* some one 1s directly responsible for the occurrence,
and from this matter of efficiency and
placing responsibility Ute other seemingly smaller details have received tihe'
tame attention.
To have a well regulated traffic sys-
tem in a coal mine there is nothing
moro necessary than a clean, unobstructed roadway. Piece* of date,
timber or other material should not
'be allowed to accumulate there any
more than along a -city's street*; the
roads must be ballasted, level, straight
and In aa food condition at any outside railroad Men have been killed
and Injured by falling over loose material left along tho roads, nnd from
wrecks due to poorly constructed
roada. There should be plenty of electric lights along tho haulage roade, to
thnt it would he unnecessary for' a
man to carry a hand lamp, and the
motors should he equipped with arc
lamps. Accidents have resulted directly from the lack of such faelHtlet,
Tb my mind there Is nothing tn this
line tbat adds to the efficiency and
safe-guards of transportation in underground work like plenty of light. With
fight we can see ahead' and detect
dangera; we can see foreign material
that has been carelessly left along the
Another essential feature la the care
of haulage motors and fore-seeing
breakdowns. It used to be that we
remedied the trouble, temporarily, after the breakdown, hut the principles
of Bfflclency and Safety have taught
ut that It It nailer to mlhero to thu
old maximum that an ounce of prevention It worth a pound of cure by not
allowing the breakdown to occur. The
grnatett efficiency Ilea tn the ability
to ibre-see rather than to tee and
remedy afterwards.
The matter of your car equipment Is
■Knl-HlHllifW  *« llm  nri*.i*t*e,   nttri   ti>
safety work.   It turpattet nil*-*, n»*u
ioimii;    it„ul     lu,,   ri.i.ti nt,t9,,        in,,19,,.
Efficiency    of    Mining    Engineering
With a View to Eliminating
By H. W. Saunders
To attain efficiency there must be—
l.-nA clearly defined plan, or ideal;
.2.—An organization to carry out the
•plan, or ideal;   V
3.—The equipment of men, money
and materials to enable the organization to carry out the planv
The engineering work mainly consists in laying out the work and surveying the carrying out of it. The organization and equipment are already
partially covered in preceding addresses here tonight.
Everyone connected with mining
'work hae a more or less well defined
plan, or ideal, though they may not
state it in so many* words.-~ In a large
number of mines- this ideal is a large
output at a low cbsi While this la
necessary to the success of any mine
the vastly more important ideal must
■be put, and kept, foremost in engineering work, viz.; "The mine in which
there -shall be no accidents."
While the fact Is recognized that a
great .many of our accidents are seemingly unavoidable, we have In recent
years seen accidents which were formerly put in this .class changed into
the avoidable class, and we hope to
see, -by new methods and new discoveries, accidents which we now consider unavoidable partially or entirely
eliminated in the next few years.
The first matter the engineer must
take up in mining work is tbe making
of a plan or projection for the mine.
To do this intelligently he must first
have the necessary data, obtained
from drill-holes and openings. He
must then, with the co-operation of
the superintendent and mine boss, lay
out a projection  covering as plainly
_Q*l-rl_ Jn QO^JI-iai/dl iIn.^Altjl/1 uVAnnJJwl ■£t=±Jl •!*■■■"-
-" wit—ait- x*d- iii-u-irii"u-t7ia-Ji—ao~]A*ri33i liMTj^XHC
way the mine is to be worked, and
must keep before him the ideal .mine
—the one in which safety will be "the
first consideration."
Endeavor in this must not be to
■barely keep within the mining law,
•but to have a mine which, by eliminating accidents of every kind, will engage the attention of the law-makers
and induce them to adopt our principles and make them the law to govern
other mines.
For efficient ventilation of a mine
the plan of ventilation must be made
ln every way ns independent as -possible of any interference from any
cause. A fun of dimensions sufficient
to supply the necessary amount! bf air
iwlth a large margin of safety roust be
provided. The airways must be laid
out to be self-draining, or headings
mutt be driven to drain them. The
Intake and return airways must have
ample room, so that, ln case of a slate.
-fall the air will not be blocked. To
avoid trouble of this kind the Intake
and return airways must each consist
of two headings. This will also permit them to be driven with stoppings
between the two sets of headings and
not lets than 500 feet apart. Stoppings on permanent airways must be
of concrete or brick. Over-casts of a
permanent character must be built,
where necessary to spilt the air, in
such a manner that there will he as
few doors as possible, to eliminate tbe
danger of a .broken stopping or a fall
in the air-course of a -room-heading
causing an air shortage over a large
•ectlon of the mine.
The haulage iways must be laid out
as straight oa possible and on at favorable grades as the conditions 'warrant The safest way (o haul coal ie
to keep the motor at tlie front end of
both the empty and loaded trips; all
our sidetracks are provided with run-
arounds for the motor so thle oan -be
done. Where the gradea are not uniform the headings should to graded
fo make them uniform. Where the
roof Is bad and H Is not practicable
to take It ill down until good top It
reached concrete or steel work muat
he provided, but no posts of wood err
allowed on the haulage.
The mA\ specified should not bo
barely what you oan scrape along
with, but heavy enough to Rive you a
track that will not easily get out of
order. Ties must be so heavy that
they will not tplit when spikes an
driven Into t'ltm. To avoid wrecks
curves must be of large radius and
(*ell made, plated frogt and tyring
switches mutt be provided, which will
not permit a man to get In the way of
a ear when throwing the switch, tlie
wiring mutt be graded, and protection
boards provided at crottlngt.
The most Important point In *raek
work for avoiding necldenta It to Keep
the track perfectly straight by driving
the Iwaiftttiga ou, t:entr«e and laying tlve
track fo these centres.   This ellmln-
does after standing six months or a
>ear. The ventilation for concentrated workings .becomes easier to keep
up, there being fewer stopping® to
get out of order and no scattered .workings in which the air current may be
neglected and gas coll set. Another
very important point in favor of concentrated workings is that the fracture-line for robbing-can be kept in
bettfer shape. Bobbing' with a fracture-line irregular aiid in bad shape
is a constant'danger,'because it causes
roof otherwise sound- to become unsafe.
(By giving .prints of the workings aiul
projections of his section to each assistant fpreman, and requiring him to
keep them marked up to date, we try
to keep before him the way the -places
should 'be worked so errors will be lessened, our curve headings driven better and the robbing sections kept in
better line.
All places in mines must be driven
on sights. When, for any (reason, the
sight-points fall out the place is stopped until tlie engineers get them put
up, to avoid crooked and wide places.
A list of the points needed is made out
by each assistant mine foreman and
given to the mine foreman. He copies
the entire list and sends it to tlie engineer's office, that it may be gone
over with the transitman, so he may
go direct to where he Is aieeded when
he goes to the mine, thereby increasing hia efficiency.
The time limit of,five minutes does
not permit of enlarging dr going into
details on several Important points
mentioned above, and makes it necessary to leave out the sanitation work,
or care of the men after they leave
the mine and of their families which
is now one of the most important
points of the engineering .work.
For the coming year the aim and
endeavor of all should be tc be more
efficiently which efficiency we mean
the elimination' of accidents.—The
Coal and Coke Operator and Fuel
Whereas such statements are only
the outpourings of weakness in the individual, wiiio at tills period would o
fer'any compromise as a solution; an
Whereas   any   or   all   settlem.en
must come through the proper channels and carry with it the full recoigni-
tion of ithe union; 'therefore ibe it
.Resolved, That we condemn in the
strongest terms possible the action, of
that party who took it upon -himself
.to air the views of the miners oif Fi-e-
nwMit oouaity In a falsified manner;
and be it further
Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be .sent to the press and Governor Amnions to show that nothing
Bhort of recognition of the'-unionwill
satisfy the miners of this county.—
Wyoming Labor Journal.
|[ Send your Raw
Sixty Thousand tappers now tend os their
Raw Fun. Why not you ? We pay highest
v prices and express charges, charge no commission and send money same day goods are
received. Millions of dollars are paid ttap.
pen each year. Deal with a reliable house.
We are tho largest in our line in Canada.
. In reading the history of America
the hearts of men are touched, when
(perusing those chapters that tell-of
the men of 76 leaving bloo^j' -ffcot-
prlats on the snows at Valley Forge.
But now, In Uie twentieth century,
there are countless thousands of Idle
men tramping the hills and valleys of
a nation, whose condition is more pitiable than that of the patriots who
suffered during the birth of a -reaubUc.
French and English.
A book of 96 pages, fully iftuitrated. Came
Laws revised to liste—tells you bow, when
and where to trap, bait and traps ta use, and
' many other valuable facts concerning the
Raw Fur Industry, also' our ** Up-to-the-
minute" fur quotations, sent ABSOLUTELY FREE for the asking.    Write to-day—
.dd»» JOHN IIALIAM, Limited
A letter from District Vice President Thomas Scott, of the mine workers of Colorado, tells of the monster
mass meeting held at Rockvale, Fremont county, that state, on Thursday
of last week. Coal miners to the number of 1,500 assemibled at Rockvale on
ithis date to voice their protest agaiinet
the illegal detention of "Mother"
Jones by the military authorities in
the Trinidad district, being addressed
bji Organizers Batley, Robb and iBrlliK
hart. The spirit shown .by the strikers of this county i» convincing proof
that they won't give up till their
cause Is won. The parade which was
led by the Ooal Creek and Rockvale
bands was the largest In the history
of the county. Various subsidized papers have tried to create the impression tihat the strikers of Fremont ,were
'willing to give in, which report they
promptly denied by their vigorous resolutions.
Condemning "Mother's" Arrest
Rockvale, Colo., Jan. 15, 1914.
We, the miners of Fremont county,
assemibled in ,mass meeting iu Rockvale: '     ■	
An Insurance of Worth; Unsuivassed Liberality.
Ordinary accidents, $25.00; travel accidents, J50.00.
Extended Benefits, Special Indemnities, Schedule of Optional Fixed
Indemnities, Hospital Indemnities^ Medical Treatment, Surgeons' Fees,
Identification Card. Quarantine, Triple Indemnity, Beneficiary InBuredv
and 10 per cent Bonus Accumulation will be added to the principal aum.
The Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corporation
LIMITED, of London, Cnarkutd
Asrents C P. R. Steamship Lines
, Resolved, That the incarceration of
Mother Jones is unlawful and an (infringement on the constitutional
rights of all American citizens, and
trampling underfoot, the law of habeas corpus and the bill of rights; and
be it further
Resolved, That \Ve, the miners of
Fremont county, demand the release
of Mother Jones within twentyHfou-r
hours. If the said (.Mother Jones Is not
released within that time the miners
of Fremont county are willing to sell
their lives dearly In the pursuit of
life, liberty and happiness, and' our
(Constitutional rights its citizens of
this. great (nation.
Must Hsve Recognition
At a mass meeting of the miners of
Fremont county assembled at Rockvale, €olo., January 15, 1914.
Whereas certain statements have
appeared in the public preBs ■purporting to be the opinion of the minora of
thdB county; and
•The Dally Iron Trade announces
that there are 1,270,000 iron and mine
workers idle .in this country.
'Both are basic trades, and their condition is an index of general industrial
conditions in all other trades,
When the production of coal or ore
ceases, then It ls manifest that -many
factories -in other line* are shut down.
In order ror them to keep running, the
digging and transportation of ooal
mutt be constant. When there Is a
slackening of output, the effect ls immediately felt in the mining districts,
and thea on the railroads and lu the
steel mills.
The figures given hy the Daily Iron
Trade show plainly how widespread
and terrific the industrial depression
is. In the iron and mining Industries
tho workers are mostly men. But here
In New York alone there are over 100,«
000 wt>rfc«i«'ln the clothing industry
out of employment, and moet of these
are women. The same story comes
from all parte of Ute country. Busl-
ness is dead. The revival in the cloth-
in* Industry will not ooae until
spring. Last holiday season retail
burtnees .was the worst it haa heen In
■When tho assertion le made that a
Santa is a "atate of mind*" at waa said
y Uie Xew York World, or that It hss
ibeen brought about by certain evil
trust heads and I* whoMf "artlflois!,"
the foolishness ttt theee Ideas Is manifest-New York Call.
REMEMBER! The ointment
you put on four child's nkin get*
into the lyitcm juit as surely si
fnml the child est*. Don't trt
impure laUiiiU mincNil coloring
mailer -f-tmh »« manv nf tfif
*,'',;> otnttnrnts contain) $;et
into your child's Mood! Zar.fl-
iii.k i*|.ii/(l,»'I*ciJal,    No piM'
■vl tiwm tnWit'ii.   V«e it alwdjri.
$   5'h, lh, ot Alt rimttiiti 0*4 Stmt,
....',, n,-.i« ;,'.«,, ,»,',,•,,'.■,;,...**'.■>.    it iti, .it'iii
- (thouM wi' not «1*o dlpHpiini1 hlrol The1
j la,i»r« of discipline causes a large ner-1
, -rt'uutsM wl n*.'cldk-uu «• Uie -io,*<)iiiK of j
i coiii by the miner, nnd If our mine
1 fwmi'n nnd ni««*ii»tfintK nr** permltti-d
i.   i      ....,       i .   .-   .     i    .ii.,
] msui at I he far*- lw* censored for din-'
! i >vlnu* Xow. Mr Mine Foreman !
iuul A*»<*!«iit*, ect th* trample, nnd !-
we will then have fownr Accident* in j
• the mining occiijwtlon. Thore Is only '
j ft tie way to do a filing, and tint! way In *
' tli<» J-tnUe way. j
,:   ;'      ,,.. '.,.,,'   >,,\i ,7
Iftir ,
«(>.«■ t-t*«-!iiiK of pri*!*. *t»rt in tii«-»
fit i     . •>■•*   *,,■   i  ><*.(    r,■.„<„  I...
I    ,.*'*        -J   I    ,   -,,  fj     ,,,),-    ,,»   -.)*,     *   ;it    *      *    ;,;■,■.•:
. lit Ik iv in Jhhiiary lt»l.*» whh thii f-ct**l-
'*£.:   •'*.:■■     •!,!*!   Clf   Wi   !'   'IV   ItCi-ll    ■-.'(    f I   «*f!l|
»>> ii. ik'i.t: h r<**w»t i» ihf- ••Ifmutiififtn
:a«   to
>   »i|ijui.
Elioun*tten  of  Actioemo
Wins Timber*
By W. P. Kearnt
T'.wf*.*■•'fisg Is th«- it.■■!.'. ■>•>»*.*$
set to *»f# and *)Wl-cleir minimi:
tn   Setting
*, .it-
It i«
i.,i i i. uvj-U, „ kite* *■*•*>*   .'.uVuni. v>iu« <H4kj
i '
■ Nn   nthnr h*\r
tive !i at effec-
Itive or Mtitfactpry n
Itt f«*stor»tt natural valor
to trwf er faded hair, Pre-
*tt«H dsmAroff, itopt fatllfii \
■ half.    A   healthy beautiful
^B jfowtii follow* it* tno.
** BMaHftHl.**-*"'*******  lAcnlMttl
„.*.*.   .....    i, .. a^ j u,*,„v„   ut    u«t,   u...
whirAi -fbrnw* thi» oot*\ nff t<he onf, iWr-
tytnit the heading; it also split* the
ties, causing the rails to spread and
| wrerk onr*. Pmvlnlln* th* ha»i»a»
|*ways with light* ISO or 800 feet ajwrt
I will tihow up crooked track ao it will
■ lw> <M»ti nnA stmi-rhtened.
i > nt* imttiflie* stootitd betimen wiu«
[ r notmh ta permit a man to pass a trip
i at nil points. Man-ways must he pro-
; tilled xi> that the men will not have to
': travel haulage-ways.
An Important point in the lay-out of
; a mine for safely is the concent ration
: of the work in ns small an awt a* pos-
»Ki"u«.     i' rom   our   ri-cnridm   *••   t'tvi-
Why We Guarantee
This Stomach Remedy
If there are one hundred people tn
*hlt, ♦n-t.'ti   'ithti 91'lttt**. t**9*y, lti*^l^(if*lii^-rt
dyspepsia, or any other form of stom-1
.n-ii cutHnwui. tm iittimn mn «au *ug-
item » rnmt)4y ihat will relieve at least
ninety-eight ol them, and -perhaps nv.
ory one of the hundred. We'll do more
than suggest the romery—we'll prom-
Ue to wive buck the money to each und
relieved.   That's how much faith we
have In Rexall Dyspepnta Tablets,
I Containing Pepsin and Bismuth, two
of the greatest digestive aid* known to
! medical *c lenco, ax well as other ne-
jcessary Ingredients, Hexall Uystwpsla
j Tablets ftoothe the Inflamed stomach
(itiiiiii,   ni'i   >5m-   wtTfllull   **t   KitslrU'
found that tho assistant Smits I* one} Juice, ch-rck dlatrwn and heartburn,
■:f   A.-,'-   ;.;•„;,.*(.   t.u:"i)r:'.   !.*   )-.<•<xl':^ [Vr'yrru""   r^V.,-   ito-.vr-l   1 M.-n    nnA
"(jtvii iM-ri'ti'iila, »«d if w-f! i'-mii l«> <>■■' '.ni.i!vi' !i ji,i».i<'.:.]■• fur >ciu In e;tl   »iiiil
a mint* m thl* as*i*tant btmn has !«•**   y«ii Hk« nnd »* much a«i you like with-
<*r.'-.nMi* -i, tr.*\v«*l for thi- asm** tinrxi*   «hm t**»r *,t tMii#.*'|ii(iH-e»,
hrr of mi-ii th" layout will he mon* ef- '    Hmi't  -nffi-r rttiy lonjipr from dj*«-
i (H'leiii, iMittime it  will tnslie th<» a** 11>«*l»»'"* *>«' iiiitige»tl«»ii.   t'*« Heitalk My*-
#j»taw.   t-^«s mrtre effielent:   ht-   wli : p-ejmtot ts,U'*.t* ami yntt will be Ju»« srn
i Have nuir<- llnift to devote to -MK'h min- fenilnwiasic nbout them as we »n\ and j
i t-t ,«n»i «.• niiif ui jmv WM»re wU«i»i«i>M , j*i*'»  •»»  »»**it..«   U» *»i«« tbwlii «»i»  ywuf
r to ht* driver* and day wen. There j *rt»ml*. Hold only at the !i*x»H
'i.'M l»« Iihh hiding to wntHi tui<i, by Rlun>*. sunt In il»t» town only by its.
. mm cmnuloii, Ao working* will nnvnn- \ Three *Ut.,». ^.*h , :Ah: and II.OU. X. B.
; aariljr get wotted oot quick*!' and not j Jtaldaby, Victoria Avenue, Fernie. a
i alfr * the roof time to get had. a* ItlC.
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail    TobCLCCOtlist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good-
and peaceful security a* weH.
With a poHoy In our odd tine
company, you can so off oa your
vocation or visit the ondu of the
earth awl you know you're secure.  The bevt In
in always oheapeel. end eepod-
eUy w when It doeant ooat
Miher. Dont, dctay about that
renewal or about that «*tt* to-
•urance you want but come ritbt
in a* once and have ii attended
Mrs. S. Jennlngi, Prop.
L. A. MIIli, Manager
Excellent Cvleine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones-Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rata
80o. tnd Upwardi
Amertttit Hai Rata
tt.00 per Dtj ,
*» A A +.-M-X AAAiilhA'A M* * s
(Late of Hixon and Perftison)
Oall up phone No. 87 for repairs to burst pipes and all
plumbing troubles    i    it
Shop - Pellat Ave
Near Hospital     -     Fernie,
JtSt %m.
'    ll
fel^pfe* **& m .jt-i-i.'w ,,
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Carosella
1  '  '■
Wholesale Liquor Dealer   j
DryCoods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
' "
FernJe-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackayj£2£|
DENVER, Colo., Jan. 26.—(Special.
—In a report substantiating ©very
charge of robbery, tyranny and outrages against the womanhood of Colorado, the investigating committee of
the state federation of labor, appointed at .he suggestion of Governor Ammons, has demanded the immediate
removal of Adjutant General Chase,
Judge Advocate Boughton and bieu-
.tenant E. K. Linderfelt.
The sitories of the outraged vietiitas
are harrowing in their -details, and the
straightforward way jn which they
were told oan leave no douht of then-
truth even in tlie minds; of the corporation tools who run the -state government and control most of the .news-
One of these editors, owned by the
coal operators, said the report is disgusting and nauseating. It is disgusting and nauseating—to tht? governor
of a state who has advocated anarchy,
to General Chase who has permitted
hd& dogs of war to rob and plunder
homes, lin-timidate strikers, to abuse
and Insult the womanhood of the
strike zone, to trample 'the constitu-
•tlon of the state and nation in the
It must be nauseating and disgusting to the operators who have stood
sponsor for most of these acts, who
have established a system of peonage
in Southern Colorado, who, ior yeara
have robbed the very hearts and souls
of -the miners1, their -wives and. children, and who by their wilful disobey-
ance of the laws have been responsible for -the murders of hundreds of
miners, as hai been attested by coroners' juries.
-The report reeks with stories,,of the'
carnivals ot debauchery held 'by the
militia. It tells of how drunken militiamen ha.ve frightened children,
threatened to shoot a boy of twelve,
and insulted waitresses so that they
can no longer get service in the restaurants of the strike zone.
The evidence of robberies ranges
from a forced loan" of twenty-five
cents; or whiskey "for the captain";
or a compulsory gift of three dollars;
or a ton of coal, to the downright robbery of $300 and other large sums of
money, and valuable jewelry.
The .witnesses tell of how they .were
incarcerated in the jails under Chase's
orders, held for months without any
charge 'lodged against them, kept
awake -five and six days and nights
-by bayonet jabs and cold water In the
hope that, driven almost insane, they
would confess to crimes as demanded
by the dogs of -war.
At least one death of a,man, leaving
a widow and two children, the repott
says, is directly attributable to an undue exposure to cold for twenty-five
days, during .which time the prisoner's
bed was on the damp cement floor of
a jail.
The treatment of a young Slavic
woman about to become a mother is a
typical example of the tyrannies practised -by the militia upon the womanhood of the atate. She was dragged
■ through the alleys^'of Trinidad, a mlld-
tiaman's band over her mouth to
smother her screams, until she fainted
an-d became unconscious. This fiendish outrage was committed because
the militiamen had heard several
shots were fired by some of the drunken barrelhouse bums who belong to
the -militia.
The practices of the militia seem to
be summed uip in the statement of one
witness.   iHe said "They say 'To Hell
■ve are the law—mill-; <jje to maintain the glorious civilizu-
with -the Jaw;
tary law.'"
Striking coal minors were not alone
the victims of false arrest ond imprisonment.    A merchant, of twenty-five
years" standing,  was arrested  in his
doorway because he  would not  "get
of.f the street."   An entire train crew
were arrested.   The railroad companies' rules and tho«e of the Interstate I
Commerce Commission are aliko of no !
importance to 'the militia.    They will j
"tear up the tracks" or "take tlie. en
The uniform of the soldier of Colorado has been 'covered with glory, for
our brave Cossacks seized ".Mother"
Jones, a woman of 82 years of age, and
placed her behind the walls of a mili-
■tary (prison. Weaklings with tiaidd
hearts could never have accomplished
such a feat as surrounding an old woman tliat has passed tbe four-score
■mile .post and making her a military
prisoner. When tbe honor of a nation
is at stake we should remember that
'patriots of the heroic type of the
brave and fearless defenders of "law
and order" -who, without the quiver of
an eyelash, tools possession of ".Mother"' Jones, wiil be ready to do and
I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-similes of Prof
Bald at 26
Fine hair at 55.
I  POSITIVELY Cure all hair and
scalp DISEASES. Prevent BALDXESS j
and premature grayness.    GROW la-1
dies' and c-hildien's hair rapidly. !
positively cure all I do take. Hair
can be fully restored on all heads
that still show fine hair or fuzz to
prove (hat the roots or CAPILLIARY
glands are not dead,
train this morning by the military es-1 I HAVE A PERFECT system of
con acting under instructions not to j HOME TKKAT.MKXT for out-of-the-
pcrailt her to remain in this district, j CITY people who cannot come to me
tion  that  deprives  a  woman  of
liberty because slie dares to speal-
the victims of oppression. ;
It was but a few days before her;
late imprisonment when the was met
ar the train at Trinidad, coining frotij i
KI Paso, Texas, and deported.   After j
her deportation Gmeral Cliasii said:     j
" '.Mother'   Jones   was   met   at   the
gine," by force if it suits them to do j The d(Hail ,ook chaw of Ml.s_ .|«,nes i for personal treatment.    WRITE TO-
S?/ ..iTH«enrCathn8.0Wif   .  i   8™«-» i!,am' her ha«KI,S*' i,mi hhe was »<*°m-|nAY for QUe3tio„  Blank   and   PAR-
Ttit Um1m, = ™ \Tlu fl-Hvf i panU;,) out of ,ht' distr,t'1 U!uU'r «?uard i TICULARs!   Km-lose stamp and men-
ot the mili'tia.  but as one said,    we  a.rtei. she had ,bw,n    jve„  brejklost. i uon this paper
must do something to scare the peo
pie." One man was arrested because
he .would not trust a militiaman for a
pint of whiskey. Another peaceful
citizen was arrested on the prepense
that be was a burglar. General Chase
litoself .threatened the arrest of the
district attorney*,
The re-port says: "The pretense that
the militia has been impartial is absurd. A villanous mine guard may
walk the streets with a half concealed
gun and assault a union boy at noonday, as one guard did Sunday, Jan. 4
while the -committee was at Wkilsen-
bung, without interference from the
militia, whereas a union man will be
arrested for being drunk and made by
militiamen to work on a coal company
ditch for two clays. Drunkenness is
more common among the militiamen
than among the strikers. Other union
men have been arrested without being
guilty of drunkenness and have been
compelled by the militia to work at
hauling coal or shoveling snow for as
high as five days. The thirteenth
amendment to the federal-constitution
is as unknown to the militia as are
other laws."
The report of the investigating committee puts' the question of whether he
will E*erve the coal operators or the
people squarely up to Governor Am-
: mons. •
It is said that Sherman declared.
"War is hell." But there are othei
conditions which make men feel ail
Uie flames of perdition are not concentrated in war.
A man, the father of a family, penniless and without employment, threat- j
ened with eviction and beholding the!
Kps  of .wife  and   babes   pallid  with i
want, .will thank of the fiery furnaces
painted by verbal artists in the pulpit.
The woman in the mill or factory,
struggling to .protect her virtue on $3
per week, will have some conception
of what. Sherman meant when he said,
The step was taken in accordance
with my inst ructions to preserve,
peace in the district. The presence of
'.Mother' Jcnes hero at this time cannot be tolerated. She had planned to
go to the .Ludlow tent colony of strikers to stop the desertion of union
"If she returns she wiil be placed in
jail and held incommunicado."
The opinion -was entertained by a
great many 'thoughtless people tliat
General Chase and the state militia
were sent into the southern coal fields
to preserve peace and uphold the law,
but Chase himself, by his own declaration, makes known the fact lhat the
armed power of the state bas been
turned over to the mine barons to deport and imprison any or all persons
wbi) attempt to stop the desertion of
union members.
In other .words, General Chase and
the militia are in the southern coal
field to encourage scabbery, and to
prevent any one identified officially
with the labor movement to make an
appeal to the strikers to stand true to
the. principles that have brought them
tcgr'.her under the banner of the United Mine Workers of America.
The question naturally arises, What
is the incentive that actuates General
I Chase?    Why is he so Interested in
! the desertion of union miners?   In tin?
I minds of honest men there creep.-; a |
! surii>i«io:i that  there i» "a nigger in i
itho  woodpile,"  when  a general  uses)
j the militia to encourage scab'jery and | j
] to prevent a woman from appealing to | j
Ithe manhood of men- to stand their ||
| ground   against   economic   shivery.- -1.
■ .Miners .Magaaine. j I
MY PRICKS are reasonable My
The World's Most Scientific Hair and!
Scalp Specialist
Room 1, Weldon Block,  WINNIPEG,
Meals that t;isl<
mother '>ise(
to eouk
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
In Calumet Mover is shot and rail-1
roadtd; in Colorado. .Mother Jones is j;
forcibly deported by men sup.posed to , j
-uphold "law and order." j
This is done In the interest of pro- j
perty; <.'one to fatten the swoilen pro-
In Calumet, as in Colorado, privilege i
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Full supply of following
for an appotiilng moat to
choow from,
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Ctirbrldflt Saut-
•git for tomorrow'* break*
Calgary Cattle Go.
P^H WoedStreat
riRNit, i. c.
A. McDougall, Mgi
■ ■■-:   .   .,'
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Exhorted Them to Reform
k "Ltdffor" adv. Is an
..Men who have studied and observed;?!
closely the economic wrongs of the
present Industrial system are able to
draw acnurate conclusions, tout those
•who glance superficially at the effects
that grow out of the cause that produces crime hove but little conception
ot the remedies that would remove iho
sin and vice tbat curse a world. A
short time ago the following dispatch
from Chicago appeared In the dally
"Tlwo girls told Judge Hopkln* in
the morals court yesterday* that they
had been forced Into 1 life, of shame
j by economic necessity.   They were
j released on probation.
"'I have been working In a department store for two years,* said Hazel
.Martin, 'since I came from the country. I'm earning |8 n week now. I
can not live on my wages.'
" 'I work In a department store, too.*
was Agnes Wilson's story. 'I Mve with
my Mother, She's been * separated
from thy father for a long time. She's
00 years o:d, and I'm her only support.
And I'm only earning $7 a week.
'"Don't send me away, judge,' she
pleaded, *lf you do mother will be
put out on the first for rent.'
"Tlio Judge exhorted them to reform."
I Tlio above awry In the press shows
tint Tow wages have culminated in
she downfall of those two flrls who
j were msk-lng a struggle to retain virtue—the priceless charm of woman-
hem!, thew two girls, through economic ni'-ceaslty, were forcod to ox-
(hutton their honor for the mains of
1 life, I
I    Tn ii'iny of th«» ittv-oK^g'M'oa** that,
I Imve been held by reformers probing
1 nrostltirtlone and the white nlava truf-
j !'!<•, ir-n* majority of managers of mills,
f.i(.'orlp» and department stores where
| glris and women are employed have
i contended that (lie wanes paid had Ht-
|l«* to do with the gentler sex going
wron*. They hsve maintained that It
wis the moving picture shows, the
piii»'«c ifimee hulls and the environments «t home that blunted the moral
sensltlveee** of the weaker se* and
caused -them to mny trom "thn
atmlght snd narrow jtatti."
ployors of girls and women know that
Mi'li stfitemiiuts are falsehoods, but
they must venter tho hnartlessness of
a profit system that plaee* a higher
value on dividends than upon tbe -chastity of the refining inflnenee ot thn
Hoth of these girts told the eonrt
men who has committed ho crime, but
who had Incurred the vengeance of a
mob, etaply because they were tr-jo
and loyal to their fellow men.
In nearly every labor union of this
continent the tragedy at Calumet and
the assault upon Moyer and Tanner
have been denounced in tlie severest
language, and Congress has been called upon by hund-reda/oC telegrams ami
resolutions to take such action as will
establish some semblance of justice in
the strike zone of Michigan. It was
right and proper for organized labor
to forward telegrams to Washington
and to adopt resolutions, but If labor
won't  arbiirate—It  stands f T>at,  one j
hand upheld by government, the other
by imported gunmen.
This is Tillamook light, situated
■south of the Columbia river, guarding
its guiding1 spirit with the sentiment:
"Do unto others as ye would that
ethers should do unto you."
Throughout the land the churches
preach this doctrine; and that Is how
privilege obeys it.
Thus far hoggish privilege has held
the fort. Because Its assailants have
been poor, weak and easily starved.
Will tbey 'be reinforced by those
who .believe.In jium'bnity and freedom?
Will the government be allowed to remain -privilege's ally or shall It he
made the servant of Justice?
That was the uppermost Issue in
ll>!3. It Is -the commanding Issue of
IUN, -Day Hook, Chicago.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you 'cant, spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in n
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come agalu. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD— McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
goes no farther, then little will be ac 	
complished by the mass meetings and j   smlthr rs. the grocer, chuckled  In i
the hundreds of resolutions that have j,!g;.j, gjm ...|'v© sure got a good one !
ho«n adopted condemning the high- <„, the Socialists." he exclaimed, ohak-
haiided outrages perpetrated by a mob ; |)1K ,with laughter
that was organized liy Privilege.        i   "W.iuu's the Joke?" asked the black- ■
Will Labor remember on el«mtlon ■ «m!tb. km he helped liluwaif to iln* '■
day tin* tragedy .at Calumet and the prunes
slugging of labor officials at Hancock? !   •oh'l was Ju*-t wading In this pap»r
W'l) (aliens hand* holding a -ballot M.]ui,t jj,*, Su^mu un- going to ooiiI'Ik-
dep-us.it. a voice on election day In pro 1^* all our property," And SmlUa^s
lest of ii sy#tem that hir#% profession- hid anether ft nt laughter. ,
nl a»sa**s!ii*. prostitutes a •herlffs of-; -Well. I don't *ee -anything In that
flee and uses a suite militia to suiHt0 laugh at." snlflel th-e blacksmith,
press strikers and uphold the supre- -| wa« just iblnklnt." **!«! the gro-
ruacy of the rule of exploiter* whose ,ceP< a„ j,« put -the rover on tli» prum*
conception of Justice is hllnded -by an 'barrel, ths« whon tli«»v tak* this
appi'titc fur profit? We shall wa.lt and mtore >
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the'City
Rates $2.50 per dsy
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Imperial Bank of Canada
{•tore'they'll have to take the mortgage, too."-*^;ijM*-a| to Itiss'ji),
from nil the great Industrial centres thioiifhoiit this country and
Burope come report* of armies of un-
employe! worker* der/Jtute mid d***
B'.u** •-.<- oiiitiiMit tit l!»«i there has
been a gradual Iiicr**** In the average
numbt r i'f men ani women nniib'c rn
fin*,! work. Kecently. however, the
armies uf tlu* out-of-works have .been
rapidly r< fruited by Ihe floating down
oHndurrl.il'phn** ir<«| the Itjltig off
uf wort-.iiiK p«(»plfl in many lines of
biiPliJ-exi* until at th« present th.- •!;<
List of Locals District 18
Nsmi ••«. and P. O. AdtfrwM
torn* Mh Mine  Wm. Mgnb, Tstwr, AJut.
BnnMitMrf , :...?. Wfcagtley. Oenkhead, Alia.
-Beaver Creek. J. Lowghrsa. Ilenvwr -t'w-V vta WtirtiM-  a**
.MbM******................Mmew Home, Nox M, neUevuo. Alta.
BUInnore \V. C. Christophers, nislrmore, Alta.
Burmis.,  ... T. O. Harriot, Passburg. Alt*.
Carbondale. J. Mitchell, Carbondale, Coloman, Alta.
Canmore MfebMi Warren. Canmore, Alta.
Cote-maa..,.  J. Jobaatoa, Coleawa, Alta.
Oortrfn.       f Um% CorWtv, B. C.
Cfetaook Miata  Jaa, Hon*. Chinook, via mamontf City, Alta,
fnrttl*  .Tlws. VyiM**. *•»-»»■»■». ii. t*-.
Ptamk ...Kraa Morgan. Prank. AKa.
ntrnmnr W, mMmttam. Homtr n c
Hllkraat inn. Oonm, HWIerwt, Alta.
U Moore. ITS! gfstfi Avenne. V. L<Khbridg<>
.fV»f>k nurtitijtwu. Coalhumi. Alta.
, T, ♦,*. Ffftrrfc*. ra*istkiii"». Alu.
H, ftmwr, Mtobal. a C.
. f. O. Harriet, Paaaborg, Min.
Alfrtd Rutself Wallace
I havw i>«», I v*fii'.*!ir«« it» hv,*o, -rr-ur't-
llahexl two import jitt prin«dp!«»» In rt-
Is'JtU-u -it 'tiu.ii^ii ,,i*t9i*-»it. In ti*n titrnt
!»!nc«, I havi- fliown ih h hid !«rn !d«i«
ss to the ne*re«-#lty it f'tmllnif <!!rw«lv
wiih »ome ol our givniiK s «t»J evil*. 4
such •* rare riegcnmilon «'») 'he
various forms of *«xii:«l irnmo*Mlltr.
sm fiiR'l»m(M*fnUy «r'»)'R .".stl iire
doomed lo failure sr* long h» ih>*lr
fuiutanwitittl eiuse^" *id» *pr»aii ;«ov-
uation I. beeomlng anile and ominous. ^"/"jSif rftaliXli 11a »i%,^
It Is estimated thai la Ban Pranciseo ^»EU i Cl- ,*Lti  h,. h ,.,.t
The em- ] OOfl working m*u »t* out «f work ant il,1^.1 ta«^ *hl f.^ *l « ■■*• !
ass. wr ;r^r« s £%-£HwH
of tk« rapitallst elaas The wages patei        TO_ --„- atuM>»in
t<» tiie workers for tUtt l*Wi. *km ™l »*mi^Of¥OCliAT»
they are H»p!oy«< U o«|y a .wtl) nor A„ Plt(m^ hy a^||,{M|«ta *r ott-hnrm.
tym of tha value or the aeallh pr» made ua lt»4w«* «»«r»»ss m litfrrfw,
that ihuy were uuaWa to live *nion tho • dtteed hy fhem, then»for»? they ctu.^li awmiom of atavery or ta tak* m>
waves |«W by thirtr amployara. and | only; buy *»<* a small part of <h^fP|pl«nt stop* In relatiun. tlwretm are
the eourt; nftor HstiMiIng lo tWt go.-; mate ami tba awntaa, for■ «Mefc twiralenlateil to ta»4 to the mom alarm-
thetle {date, "eihoned thorn to re-! marttat eao hn foand. haa Nied at* ami >.,. ■- * * , ..   .
**!?"    ... .  ^ ^..      9 , ,:'"■*"- ■-*•-«**'■»» *• vkvmitt.    !■»• ihsi all nmm otto** htvo *n *ln4**ili**i*«o
|    llowrtvlll It lw posslhle for Hiew tn< *iv wi»v «W1on« of *111',,.-  •■ „A, , ',   kmtmm$ to i:mmt* m« »»^»»«M«»» ot :
i^^V'.i  , , , '.. , ' f'"1* OT,*T r*f#\<,|n*fl*  '"I*!!1**' '.thn m^^*. *td *tn4*»n'.r ttm tt-ttAii,
Will their embers inereaae Uiatr,huugr). eol-tf siil homeleaa, tweaiw*|AM| ptumnomo nt tho Vtttm. a»4
wages ami make U potslhla for thens' 'h-.r br.vt* ^nn4mi**-i m n%nm4mt^ of oosbi aoi to lw .r,ur,ti»r.aiM*rt bt any
,io ivlorm from seaklns the stwiior^ll the g«w»il IMaga needed to r«wC<fMaa4 to our polli'"»l in«l««tk»s.-
[brothels do bid for the price of dta-1elo*he, «nd ahe»!«r ihem.   Is iWs not mnnnynt'k l'l*fc»m i«if»
JhOhort i *n(l'.t*i,*-tit   »*fMf»(»   to  rrtne,'   in   *ht,
uio-i *»i*i»ini person thtt ttn» -nipHaltw f   x^m ar* HX'-> tuilm** at »tt*i'*n-
f 10,000,000      Capital Paid Up
Total Asacti
Capital Authcrlted ..
Rcaerve and Undivld*
sd Profits       1,100,000
0. R. WILKIt, PraaltfaM HOK. ROBT JAPPRAV, VleaPrta.
Arrowhtsd Cranbrook, Parnla, Ooldtn,  Kamloops,  Mlehsl.  Nelson,..
RsvalstoM, Vancouver and Vletonv
if tartst allowed oe dtpos>ts at c Trent rata from dat« of dfpei't
MR RDMtnro WAtJCRM, C.V.O., I.t-I*.. H.C.I-. PrssMMl
(toatrst M»nm0**t A«i«»«i»« G*Mrrai
CAPtTAI., SI 5,000,000 RKST, $12,800,000
Accounts may ba a.xmd mi every brunch of The Canadian
Bank of Gmvmcrcc to be opctateU by mail, ami wit) receive tilt
*tm* rc^f*,:! 2!*cr.!!*,*r. ^. \s> ^,*.. Lt JZA.'.**.. C**.,*.,...,**.****™ tint
?»..&'* Imbu*. »»3w»^i utA, im ikvuntitLd «t wtttiyiavmi in Ihis
way as xattsfectorfly as by a pmaraA visit to the Bank,       ««
t, A. %, vl.CH. MtMfff rtRNir MANCM
a»s:*m hm ontlired Its asefalatiM to! B)olw tmotfM u, |!rkVrn-t"s Amim
m<jm »8.l must go? r,h#1 yfniir %m wl,h H:k.,|t.,jM of ijdi,.
The land and all Ihe^ ln*!rMHM»»u of * «#|| ^j ^ ntm.,9 ^ f r,<» *?,% im ,\*
sot-la! pra.tnnlon. sllstrthuilon, ctm-i npttntl* th# rnm'W "'t*- **s ahos-n
mmu-atlun and uKtmnw must aau, imtmm ot ki p-t .rtr »»er mt.
flisngfd from l»# present system off |j n^ mm 0,fr j<ui 2:,,; m *•#*«?
private m<)*iot»!y for private pm«t «#? .*u:,'vi<m ;•.-■■ , '.*-, •
n to* <s*jitJ*.<*i« snd top aisdtf the t*^
MStaAifMSta CMHtftris,
Mame ttmt
JliaSPw , ,: .4.,.,4,,.,,i
utofipMovw, OHMMNti*..Max IfWiaf, Otefiotoam. Oaaasoce. ANa.
11m I'mptoyers ia their grwl for
profit tnm nothing for :he pnrity of
the slaves whom poverty forri* to
swept tb* psMry wage that nlTlmsifty'
hnttn to a "red ngur ffMUct It matter* not thnt tftaM girls revolt agalnat
tha Ufa of tht *%oelal outcast.- for
rrfm nern-ttHt.*! tnows ivo U* and the
psnas of want will again irive tham'laetlve property of all tSe people for
to the life of thai-tip. rownniUtt, of tb* ' **">' '•'"••tri, '; tixnt uf Al
fart ttoiit a judge "«*lmrt*d -tJictn to i    Tbe * " ■•'■■■■•' program Is 1 J*«f ouly tmt-.'
taform." lotion to t!»e desperate proMem ol «*>'
—————— .■■ —.... l»nBp?!**wvt.   It will nhnnlnWi *Sm4-j
Snncm tho tratody at Calitnw*, (Mleh-1 t«h poverty snd open llie dc«r of <n»-'
ti»», Wloarwi by tbe manterone ss-• poriBf.li* aad plenty to every •Sfllirf j
sault on Charles II. Moyer a*4 Ctonri** wort*   if *»** i*0(»*e ot m* utmrMrt f
Titan* nn* their depmruttoo. there. do not rise ih« ir imittm* to Mm nhtmt I
thorn tmon mnny mu* u^mUimi* WW   ' ...........
te varloua parte nt tha eotntry. •»! «
all of tfceao ntaaa meetings n«aoluilons
were fmmed and adopUd iltMiweiag
tn tba mow. vip»fl«t laagaage (W dss
'tanBy ««ra«a  »Wfatfat«i  aatlnst
1,*, V    , *****
tbt year ef «I#s»fet*foft ?oiloa!aa ibe
xmMt- oi t*or
As   *w>ni*ri!*  •ih*.':'!-,"-   y   mwj   "<»»
nm§4 thai I»I3 »bf*»-*Nt >t, iturtmt* ot >
M pt* ***t m*-r HU'  -*-' '*. *;•"' «*»*
tvar IM* awl mt. »r,t *>f t«* per
«f«t mm l*H». bast t.wi,.*-4 *** .lr*reas*t
Oi IJi jpifriHit trews >•<»••     lH*lt I*****
Ut* m^*f*m»ii iWomn** toy tt»# tef»t|   ff thn miU*.* -t ?*:.•  *•»»■' •■*'»*«•■
ant onJHty method that hi open tof-hi C%rtmtawln tinn •»'->' ** •*very na- •
them th-»re will soon he snrh an ap- )*Utm rUmorlm tw » !   ..* :»nwj mul
i}«iv*l that aiU rwmtnd ns of tba bitiimn*
tartN|ii»k#.--WorMI. Oakland. Callfor-1   OkflatJaaMt tot u-^-mo » fare* as-
nls. »*i» tibt fnfN g}M#M.
||   THE    |^ n  SSSKftiee*
noritr *>*" tnnnfttttv r*is'inr'*in
S-t.iii-#  l*.  *l*<"*"-i<>   *,*v*f»  liwt  «   ir** «t*"'i  .»'*'   (ii*-   >.;«;•»- nt
Sevan par cant. i~ p« » t»*r *t-jmm «;•:.» »h*- »»•»• * 5«;> •'se*'*'
J*J*oil'V «t f3w* 11**1. •**-» *W«».i« St"-'rMi*t4 Uti lir tnrtm m—nt*
ending th* J*'.b o<: r*be***fv. "Ht. -,m\ <h.*t Ho- ***» "tH *•■
fiayaltf* st tt-» limit WfV* *t,A nmr-i'-*.,-* m mA at't-r Mm
i*»f\ %%*■ *%1 **; tUttr i, ?•«'?« T:.> 7rk!-*.*i »fc> '*** •* Si J»*
rtoaHl from the fAlt t,** th*** ■'»■""- ■■•* »v^-t»" ♦"»*» '■••"• ^n-*
tMnw«f t •»>
IU ttr*4****r «*? »\-  n*inl
twrmtot, l*«w»rj lith, t*t»
tieaeinri Manager. •     *- -       ' .~ "-v-',-r. \-x       j     ,.-   y Ax,x -i,   - v-: -5-^...%-* ^ ,  -     -     -  -   a   x-:  ■   j
15c Striped Flannelette Special
A Flannelette of extra weight, 32 inches wide, in
all colore of stripes.   The patterns are good and
fast color.
Special. 8 yards for $1.00
  i.' .   A' " *
Priced from a Quarter to Half Regular Price
Tlie manufacturer of these Waists inakes the best
line shown in Canada. The fit is perfect, the styles
correct and the materials of the finest. There* a re
all tlie plain shades, fancy flowered effects and
two-toned combinations.
Priced from   .$3.00 to $6.95
Worth from $5.00 to $15.00
Week End Special $2.00
Ail this .season's shapes, trimmed in tlie newest
styles.    Our entire collection of Hats and Shapes
go ,-it one price for final clearance.    If you want
the* choice of the lot come early.
Week End Special   each $2.00
We carry the celebrated Harvey and Monarch
brand of Sweater. Our stock is complete in plain
and fancy, knit in all styles. They coine in all plain
colors and every combination in all sizes.
Ladies' Sweater Coats.  .$2.50 to $10.00
Misses Sweater Coats  1.35 to     3.50
Children's Sweater Goats     .75 to     2.50
Stationery Bargains
oOc pound English Linen Notepaper, in regular
correspondence size, full pound for.. 25c
Pound package of Envelopes to match... 25c
lOe package Koman Flax Envelopes in correspondence size  5c
10c package Banker's Bond Envelopes, business
size, special (: 4 for 25c
loc Writing Tablets, unruled, in Roman Flax or
Irish Linen.   Special ,. 10c
Saturday Mitt Values for Men
The line of Mitts we offer for
Saturday is our best Bronko Mitt,
wool lined, and has heavy wool
cuff. They have been tried by
hundreds of lumbermen and mill-
el's in this district, and found to
be the only Mitt that will stand
hard wear. They are not affected
by water and will not shrink with
heat., Tliey are worth $1.00 per
Our price for Saturday only is 50c pair
.Men 's Heavy Wool
Shirts in Fawn or Green
mixtures, all sizes I-i}/*) to
Vi\'*,. collars attached.
Regular values up to $1.50
On sale Saturday at. .95c
1915 Styles in Men's Sweaters
We have 150 mill samples of Sweaters for 1915
season, which will be placed on sales Saturday at
mill prices. These Sweaters will represent the advanced styles for 1915 and, being samples, the finish is perfect. The color combinations are new
and pleasing. We dnclude in this lot all lines suitable.for men and boys.
These Goods
in our
Big Window
Shoe Department
■   Exceptional values in all lines of Felt Footwear.
Men's, Women's and Children's Felt Shoes and"
Slippers at very interesting prices.
Men's All Felt Blucher Bal at $2.00 pair
Men's All Felt Congress at $2.40 pair
Men's Felt Foxed Blucher,-felt sole, at;... .$2.25
Men's Leather Covered Felt Sole Blucher, very,
'neat and dressy, at*.,...'. $3.25 pair
"Men's All Felt Congress, with leather sole, very
warm in wearing with an overshoe, at. .$1.85 pair
■'Women's All Felt Bluoher Boot at.. .$1.85 pair
Women's Felt Foxed Boot with felt sole at $2.00
Women's Felt Blucher with leather sole, very
warm for house wear, at $1.40 pair
Women's Leather Covered Felt Sole Blucher,
neat and dressy, at $2.85 pair
Girls' and Boys' All Felt and Felt Foxed Boots
at $1.40, $1.30 and $1.20 pair
Children's All Felt Blucher and Felt Foxed Boots
in Black and Tan at  .$1.00 and $1.10 pair
See our Window Display for Styles and Quality of
these goods
Saturday Grocery Specials
Cream of Wheat 2 packets .35
Corn Flakes  3 packets .25
Bulk Cocoanut „,.;. per lb. .25
Braid's Best Oof fee, fresh ground 2 lbs. .85
Lowney's Cocoa  i/2 lb. .20
Fry's Oocoa  ,'.-  i/2 lb. .25
Heinz Tomato Catsup  pints .25
Spring Clothes Pins per dozen .05
Canned Peaches  2 lb. tin .15
Canned Lombard Plums  2 for .25
Puritan Seeded Raisins, 12 oz. pk. .. :J pks. .25
Evaporated Peaches 2 for .25
Dates  1 lb. .10
Little Herring, plain and in sauce ..... 2 for .25
Sherriff's Marmalade  4 lb. tin .60
Crosse & Blackwell's Jam  4 lb. tin .65
Sugar House Molasses  3 lb. tin .15
McLaren's Prepared Mustard ... large bottle .20
Paragon Pickles  40 oz. .40
Heinz Baked Beans, medium size 2 tins .35
Siam Rice 9 lbs. .50
Swift's White Laundry Soap 7 baa's .25
Assorted Toilet Soap 8 bars .25
Oriental Tar Soap per box .30
Heinz Tomato Soup small size .10
Lyle's Syrup 4 lb. tin .35
Roger's Golden Syrup 2 lb. tin .15
Special Blend Bulk Tea 3 lbs. 1.00
White Swan Washing Powder ... per packet .20
Reacting Washing Machines  each 7.50
Royal Canadian Wringers  each 4.25
Rival Globe Washboards  .30
Cabbage  8 lbs. .25
Fresh Killed Chicken .. ? , per lb. .23
-Money-Saving Prices
All those interested in forming a The Fernie junior hockey team
dra-matdccJufl) kindly meet at the hom.j I leave for the prairie Saturday night
of .Mrs. Wilkes, Monday, Feb. 2. to play a series of exhibition game*.
.Miss White and nurses of the Fernie hospital will receive at the Nurses'
■Home*, on Tuesday, Feb. 3, from four
to hIx,
A very successful masquerade carnival was given In the Fernie skating
rink on Wednesday evening.
The proprietor of the Cash Weal
Market Informs us that ho Is now prepared to make delivery to any part
of the -city, Annex and West Fernie.
Thia week a consignment of fine
young ranch fed pork lias been received, tt le upon thin quality meat
that the market has built up its trade,
and Uie proprietor assures ua that
tht* la the quality patrons will always
secure at tht* flora,
Fernie went down before Craohr.ixjk
on Thursday evening, (he result bfling
fi-10 In favor of the Ctanbrook boys.
liefM-tlve light l* bla nud for the result, but we presume this affected
both tenuis.
The following Is n list of pri** win-
wr*', lYaiik Ifc-an. Is? prlxe gents;
A. -ftherwood, Ui i,T\i*.o comic: Anna
WJHImh and IWtha W«llon shared
the prim ror tmt comic lady, and
Ml** f'httan nnd Mr* Wott al>»
*hiwfl the first prise for best drewd
Ittdr, (Vmi WIHren nororoti the flMt
tinw« tor girls and Don Lntiliwali^ *
mird th*» prlw» for boys     Th*'rt* wctv
H-ft-fllll  ir.fi tO Jft'l «l««*1tH,U.< rnttf, at-9\*o !.
rt haa been mooted around that the
abbntoir proposal ts dead and tbat this
was effectively killed with tbe defeat
ot the bylaw. However, we are in a
position to state that such ls not ithe
case, -and in -spite of the organised attempt on th-a part of several individuals to defeat -tbe project, we shall un-
doirtwedly have a lot more competition
in the meat trade here than has been
the case previously.
Tlu*  Management  Committee   will
meet iu the secretary'* office at i.?*1*
p.m. -prompt,  on  Sunday  afternoon,
February lst,   Business important.
T. 17PIUML. Secretary.
UtM it **ii. we enquired as to the
i wherentioiK* of .!. VV. Newman, and
jnr« pH>«*nl to my that within an
I hour after the publication of the l«ed*
' eir Colonel Mai-Kay had Informiflon
i in his possession and wai* able to com.
1 mur-tM.fp with Vowmwi who wa.tt en-
; gngt-d ou head engineer on the C. |». 'X.
1 *!■ atnir IVlncesa Victoria ou the l*a-
Always anxious to cater to the requirements of their customers, the
management of the Fernie Co-operative Society Is making some extensive
Imports of old country Jams and preserves, and at ihe present <tlme<have
rolling from tlie Coast a large shipment of Cairn's Scotch Jams and .marmalades, also Tickl&r's famous old
oouiwry Jains aad preserve* A special shipment will lie on hand next
week of Barrlngton Hall bakerlzed
•teel cut coffee. This should not be
confused with the ordinary -ground
■product, It being claimed tbat in the
new prteess the cutting of tite berries
preserve that jiecullarly delicious flavor of Uie coffee ami makes a beverage the excellency of which has never
been surpassed. They have also oa
hand this week a shipment of celery,
IfiMuce and cauliflower from California, and having regard to the early
season, the prices are astonishingly
f tyxf
- This waa an action tiled at the Supreme Court at Macleod In -.November
last In which the nlaintlff sucl her
husband fer judicial se-paratlon with
alimony and the custody of the chil-
d«>n, on the ground of th<* alleged
cruelty of her husband toward bar.
Ttuh'f. Rco** 0,*. ttn> |ii."ii''!ir v ■■• i'f t
Jitdgment for alx weok* In ordw th<tt
the iiartle* might have an opportanlty
< f coxing lofi-rihcr .ina:;.; hn:, un Mr*.
Lloyd refused to return to her husband, the judge has rendered his
Judgment, which completely clears
Lloyd ot ithe charges made against
hlra. The decision reads that Mrs.
Lloyd Is not entitled to alimony and
the children are to be returned to the
cuaiody of their father.
This case caused considerable to-
■tercet in Coleman, as Lloyd ia one
of the moat respectable miners in the
town and has always borne an excellent character and reputation and It
is very gratifying to all wbo know him
to learn that tlie decision of tbe
oourt show* that the serious alterations made agatnst him by hit wife
were unfounded; The solicitors It? the
case were U. H. Patman, for the plaintiff, and H. H, Roberts, of Coleman,
for Lloyd.
Special for Saturday Matine* and Evcnlns
or Jewish Freedom under King Oisimer of Poland.
A ilrama «if the Nth rintiirv hnmtl tin history, when Ihe persit-ntwl .lews fnttiul j»«we
anil fsjipfiin*'** in f*ot»ti<f, Imt nifirly at the <«"*t <»f th»*ir liv»"*.
In Tlir««' Utt-h
LXTTsA ZtHs,ihi. **Mi'*L..->vnt.~viic*L   u*umwut  etWMt*
4 Parts       Mrsmovi Bssttlcs of HapoleonM        4 Parts
V*wib i.M-1 vfviiii tiJsii- 'ihitnty ut |J»« KiiiJJ*ftt »/!»»■ K*'i*uhit.Hi "m iii*- U*U\f tut \Xnitih*i,i,   S*w
m* llie ib»«,v vielurie* of Naimlenii.
*J** J***f-*' f* -A *<*- j*<*^**"'/,*^'/*^»^ ^**k*»*>*»>*ii* *"*.«»»>•»*»*'*■'•■.■■ «'*-*■ * .9   -   -   i*   -   •       «      ^
i Reels        "THE OIRZ, AMD THS TIOER"        3 Reels
.1 Rf *?« u If ummnlty" 3 Reels
F»^it!irJin» tlw irr»»f JOHN l..\W^»X in htm r*t«»«i* *l»ar«#-t«r pnrt nt 8ILVASI. the
Wr an* Kiving the |»u!*Im* the iri*!*-*! Ini.- «»f |»M-tnrr» e-ver «*^n in the rtiy  *»th  «»iU
ff*«ter t« him«.   If r«« mia» th*» fwn An ymr**M mn mrti«t*W    W»Ir»» nf*
We m»,) m+mb*nto'if» ro the " WIHR t'hVU" fur th^ small mm nt W wnft
The Henry Weat Company will be
here on Monday, and .we -cannot do
better than quote the Lethbridge Herald In refommehdlng this neat tittle
cionyjiany to our reader*:
"One Aet Plays Oraat Hit at Sherman
"It was provon laat night that the
public are always ready to accept
Ammu'lc art an a source of amusement, providing the artiatea are talented. .Miss Catherine Henry and Bunco** \V*f«t, In their presentation of
oiui«4 play-a, won immediate favor
and ni-.-  .v :hci:l  tho slighted dou.>:
S,.i:   ..itm.   tumlllntl   Mid   Vu^riUllit*   |W-
ltormer!« who have ever graced tne
stage in this eity. Miss -fHtth^rtne
Henry is worthy ot special mention,
her arttng being of auch a superior
chsnieter that one revels in Ihe i!e-
llgh'ful atmosphere that surrounds
h*r mpable cl*ract#r stadles, ably
*i'i-i»orted by Mr. West, the performance Is a dramatic gem. and Is a compliment to the effort* of tha 8hertn»n
flfiflsgemrot to *lve the theatre-going
jwhllc nmitsoment that ts refreshing,
nrth-li- and of en elevatlhg character,
Oa Hoaday t*«aiag, tht r«*Je
Itanrtng Assemhtr s»v*> whnt was nn-
d-OTbt^dty the m-wt su«e«*fiil of nas-
qoerade fealls ever htM In this ■dty.
Ahow two bund**! and fifty people
w*ro jwwew, and there were on<' hundred aad fort) co«*am**s The dance
ovmmti m mm the grand man*
around tha hall, beaded by tha nt-per.
.i.f. *«,.»* ■w««i<,'«iti| <v«w«»c«i«« nn*
ooHr*ir\*no4. r**.*li !■ l,rtif '*uti vv;i* fur
tmmwr. nntll UM in the morning Tha
Ja****. who were Messrs. R. J. Black,
A. W mutttHMi «l Ctifatni JKwKaj,
foand thtlr task by no waaiw aaay,
MM ft wm MMWtdfld by atl that «Mr
4***lrt«*f»   mes  WH  fntr   "»?»•*  Twwfllir
•t wss no shHww to aeNwt tha wtn-
norm tnm the crowd pf-tflMWt. and
thoir (ask wat not oae ta be Mvtad.
llovever, the fact that tlwfr
all Is a sare slga that thtir
wa* ttalthwMMi. Mrs. If Irttoad
wmi torn inw pnt* nt tutwn roptwwwtnm-
tire tn4y. h*r ttmtmw roftr'ttmtlo*
hiimrn*," whiki Mr. II. Ifwiasd*, as
• "direr." wmtmA tbe flrat ptnm tm
£ ii'f..iui-'u. SU*. r. lVu>, mt ' * i*4l>
t/f ib* ttrm.tl»tk -emtury*" nntwmi
the spf-Md prtm far htm derated My.
tm* W. ttattsm, fo a twrnrnm* «f J^wii*
the Fifth period, secured th* second
»wt*» fer wnahwm. Mm f„ T. Sllrtth
•wwsdi «h<e &wtit# f» i*a» twi$ tmfa.
Mac <tmun*4. as sa «M MM. wft'te
*mr*  J,   w»   rBHUtf   •flllfiil   TUP JJHIW
fn* l^u^   ^^^g^t^ ^j^^^*^^^^^^ .j^  *t*%___n_______f
sor  tMH  1VHPNC *SnHM*SMNv Mi     ItNV-^P/
iWwtoy."   thmi won sli prise* al-
P-BSPIWW-Wrt  wPB  Ql*#   sWPPw tBWiB   WBWPB*
The Dancing Assembly Ib to be congratulated upon the success of their
Veii'tere, and we sincerely hope that
their next dance will prove as successful.
The catering waa In the banda of
Mrs. William Dlckeneon, ard *h* <»ii-t
her asalatants are to,'be compllnwoted
upon the su^eseful manner ln wWoh
they attendeir to the requlretnenta of
the inner num.
A capitalist vaper (has an article on
the "rights of employers." Every employer ihaa ever>' tight ©very other
man haa, as a man. But as an employer he has no rights. A thief has rights
aa a man, but none whatever as a
The C. P. It. have decided to kill
the ,'flyer" for the present Tbe Baat
bound -passenger will arriver B'boirt 46
minutes later (18.16), aa tt will majca
connection with the Tahk looal froa
The famous bunch of pocksters of
the Crow's Nest Tradlnt Co.'a etnipor*
ium hereby accept the challenge
thrown out by The Tritea-Wood Oo.'a
-famous (?) .hunch of sooalled hockey
expents. Manager Pasooa ia requ*st-
ed to have his pets In shape any time
next week, as It ts certain they will
have no "ahape" left wjften the C. N.
T, C, bunch get through with tham.
8am lladaley was found dead one
mile east of Jaffray, near tha Eaat
ICootenny Lumber mill. An Inquest
\\.m> h. Id at Elko on Wednt«day, and
a venlict returned to the effect that
dtu^-j-t-il -iua hi* ti-vj-ili Uum tixixtoui*.,
while under the Influence of drink. De-
censed's parents reside In New York
riiaio and he has a brother in Detroit,
MU h. The hody hi at present lying at
Thomson • Morrlion'a iindertakina
oarlorii await Ing Instructions,
Dur.'iHr the past week the patroiw
.if this house hsve been treated to
*<<me ot tbe finest naval aad historical
ftntur-i-* In the moving pkture world.
On Thursday "The Hattl* of Trsfal-
nm" wae projected, while for tonight
tPrtdayt the program Is aa follows:
"By 1'nseen Hand*," "Vanfaanee,"
•♦TVimlBf a Cowboy" awl "!,tttl» »«►
thvt." a»-.ar.Us, "A M-.'.iUf> J■»!«*," ,
«*0»a Konnrt OlMea's nirtattea" and ;
"The Matual Wadtly."
Next  week   Mr, Johruton  will  be
abowing the famous Gaamont talking
pjcttirea, and they will be here tor flow
■Mxm from tMt. Ith to thw Tth. Theea
■pltiuiifif* nre tMMh iatersattac -MwS «da-1
eatioosl and tre wen worth at-ftta*. 1
i*Hm*r,itii tMi-usHtw tnmtnmy sum ftrsdai'-t
'    Till-. htirfp rtiti'lmif •• t(. ('ni'i' ,i:> • $
I crowd* and thw ete-rtla-ner of Ita wiib-
lecta la no doaht rsapooatMe for thta.
Notice of Application for tha Approval of Works
TAKK NOTICE tliat B. a Hydra««c
Power Company will apply to the
Comptroller of Water IUghts for the
approval of tha plana of the works to
bo -constructed lor the utilisation of
4he wator from Elk River Creek, which
the applicant Is, by Water License Na
1654, authorised to take, atore. and
use for generation electrical energy.
The plana and jiantlculara required
hy subsection (1) of section 70 of the
"Water Aot" aa amended have heen
died with the Comptroller of Water
Rights at Victoria aad with the Water
Recorder at Fernie. ,
Objections to tho application mny
be filed with the Comptroller of Water
Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Dated at Vancouvor, D. C. thia SOth
day of January. 1911.
fer Hatfiuir -k Wuiteie,
III Agent of the Applicant.
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
BOR SALE—Cheap, 6 roomed ipkunter-
ed House on half lot, No, 79 Und-
aay Avenue, Annex. .Apply.. Jam«i
Boverldge, in house. m
FOR SALE—7 roomed house, lower
end of Ohlpman Ave, For terms apply at District Ledger. 140
320 acr«« in Sunny
Alberta «J tte. 7, Twp
», Range 1, Wott of
8th Meridian. Fenced
and so aeret broken.
Apply to
Box 48,       Pornlo
. ^
A »aa named Oataaaak waa tooad
guilty ImAn* J-adge Thowpi— at lii
Provlaetat nmii. en WedneaAar of
eaoatw acteal bodily ban* to Hte.
Man*, aa aawf minor, awf ffn*f tlin
or lu defs-iU four MOMlMt    The ae-
^y>*.U||     Mm    ___.    ^»#a^uuy^a     e»*---^.^te^eLh^bdfl     t________t___
www* »* m wiwoq^ksi, RmciRin wiwrmi
uii * iw**4 ttotl kn knl Mm tm tho rt-sm
Aa a rmttit. nt m* tieatewaa Men*
amtatiwd a dhdocatad shnetdsr awl
etlwr 3afs*ri<M*. Tlie lajwwl mm wfU
receive llOA of tbe fin* tm- romvmtm
ttm and the tmfctnre wm meat legal
AccimnI. wfco hum hoom ht fttft ft-ir mttr
wae airoired to Bad two
I will lm *g^p ^^^_g|
wWch to imr tht* fioo.   He wlH
te fwwit te the CMtf ef
A. B. Shoemake, Manager
Monday,  February 2
Eugene West and Catherine Henry
In IM* dellirtmfw! and original eeegran ef OXK ACT PI-AY* AVO
A B>etodr*iaaUc episode of the "uadrwortd." The mau vlrtd story
ee social wmdWoee ever presmnted mam aay stage
Th: 'v..^'*,,i An •*,' iV- ■»■>"■*•.»»i »v>tn**.  **> ■**»*,!•*v ****. 'siwimisi'* ■*««•«.
heada and it poettlve "acr**m-
A dnaatle deteeUte play# One of the most beaatirnliy haaawe aed
leader t«»rlee ever shown
Th** <!nm#ifr I'Vinryhotty Unfits tnhoM,   A -t<'r*»amtiijtty fuuuy sathre ea
"wlee geya"
A (WMe ewdern love atery.  IU«h dass aad ehenaiag
•OLivKE rmrt
t.Vaaey's Duett Scaw) tram ntehaa'a taweetal s»eri.   Ur. Weel a*
"BIU, iYKKS.- Waa Henry *s nXA.s'CY 8YK881


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