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The District Ledger Aug 8, 1914

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Array BOBtsSfcajSspaj
XAaUi
•/Ml
;:.*du§ttM.Unity & Strength
The Official Organ.of District No. 18, XI. M, W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
. ■' -Ml
* v;.a
•AUG^™-"^
THE DISTRICT! LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., AUGUST 8,1914
Kb-
E^Sti
J*ires Rage
Around Pernie
Two Men Killed at Bull River Fire
FERNIE, &00 p.m.—W. Baldry, one
of the relief party diepatched a messenger from over the Hartley Creek
and Iron Creok trail to Fernie. report-
-ing that twenty-five of the missing men
are -marooned in that vicinity. Two of
these men had taken refuge In a" shack
and the shack caught tire ertd these
two loot their lives. Tbe'ramalnlng
thirty-five are In gray* danger.
, Thursday Afternoon -Reports
The bush Are situation ls rapidly
improving tho Elko, Hoemer, Corbin
and scatter fires ia. the vicinity of
FernJa ara now well under control.
Tj^biB -Bull River fire is diminishing.
.Word haa heeo received that between
/500 aod WO, 7 principally men, marooned at Camp tl, are safe, and as
this camp la the' headquarters of the
storee' department df the C. P. R.
Timber Department lor'the Bull River
camps, there tean ample supply of
food snd other necessities for all
who1 are there. .Precautionary measures for the safety of these people
from the flree hae been taken by
forty acres of land: being cleared off
and all timber   that   was   removed
..therefrom has been dumped into the
river. Back fires win also be set if
tiny dangerous situation should arise.
All inhabitants of the Bull River valley have now boen, accounted for,
-with the exception of thirty-seven.
Forest fires In this -vicinity continue
to increase with unrelenting persist-
■ency. While the town of Pernie is
not in any Immediate danger, overy
precaution is being, taken to prevent
". any fires from Raining headway adjacent to the town.
The woret fire in the history of this
^Trieinuyr"^fllT^iB""exeeption oT~We
big Fernie flro of 1308. is now raging
in what is known as the Bull River
district, some fifteen miles by direct
line, west.of here. This fire started
on Saturday afternoon in the neighborhood of Henderson's Oamp, ot the
C. P. It., about five * miles trom the
town ot Bull River. .The origin of the
fire cannot be attributed to.anything
specific, hut wltt} the prolonged dry
spell a apark alighting almost anywhere, in the woods at the present
time, and fanned hy the now common
. winds, aoon increases Into an uncon-
trolaible./conflagration. The locality
in which the Ball River fire started ia
heavily'timbered and owing to a ter-
rtfip-gale blowing, the fire was beyond
pontrol in a very short sp&ce of time
and tbe valley being narrow, tbe escape of the men engaged in cutting
the timber was cut off in no time.
There are eome fourteen camps in
the valley, aad in tbem wore about
700 persona. The majority of the population ls male, but there are also
women and. children, and great anxiety is felt, by all for the safety of
these people. Officials in charge of
matters of this kind have placed
hundreds of men at work endeavoring
to suppress this tire, but as yet without avail. Fully 300 men have been
dispatched from Fernie alone for this
purpose, ahd they are pouring into
that district from all points o f the
compass. Relief parties with supplies
of food are stationed on all mountain
trails leading from the burned area,
and the names of all coming oat are
taken. Up to the present, about one
dozen have made their way over these
trails into Fernie, and report tljat the
remaining hundreds are still left in
the Boll River dlBtrlct, surrounded hy
the fire. -Every possible effort is being made to assist^ these people, and
hourly reports are expected from
scouts and relief parties sent in, ln
order that it may be known exactly
what the situation is and what steps
can he taken to rush in assistance.
The towns of Elko on the west and
Hosmer and Corbin on tbe east were
in grave danger on Sunday land Monday. In fact In Corbin, which had
only last week suffered the loss of a
number of large buildings on account
of fire, was again visited on Monday
and every male person there was commandeered to fight the flames, which
came -within fifteen yards of the large
coal tipple and In spite of the efforts
of some 400 men. It looked as If
town were doomed!'   But on account
WAR
Ontario's New
Compensation Act
Naval Engagement Still on-Italy Compelled to Fight-Japan Preparing to
Attack German Fleet in East-Belgians Repulse Germans-French Capture Three Cruisers-All Latest News
(SPECIAL, TO THE DISTRICT  LEDGER)
LONDON, Aug. 6.—.The Chronicle's
.correspondent at Harwich early this
morning telegraphs an action is progressing in the North Sea.
A wireless message received by the
■British Destroyer Virago orders her
to prepare to receive 200 prisoners and
wounded, who are being brought in by
a torpedo boat.
A dispatch from Copenhagen states
that a German squadron is bombarding -Sveibsorg, Sweden.
London, Aug. 6.—Germany, la pushing its advance through Belgium, has
met with, strong opposition around
Lelge, where the Belgian forces have
repulse* the Germans. General Von
Emlch reports that the Gerihans have
lost several thousand killed and
wounded.
the_l__'*n.., -_■
*9A~~Ji4*,v— r-
Mirearritr-an^-officiSl NF
port to Brussels of his operations in
the 'Le-ige district, states that in the
battle 25,000 Belgians were engaged
of the wind shifting, although not decreasing in velocity, the fire jumped
nearly thretj-quart-ers of a mile to a,
point where the town was out of dan-ja^*1*1 40'0°° Germans
ger.   Hosmer put up a valiant fight     ~"
on iMonday afternoon, and all Monday-
night   Hundreds of men battled with
the fire element, people burled their
belongings and the women.and children were tnken east of the town to
the Elk River.   The change of wind,
coupled, with the strenuous efforts was
the means of saving Hosmer from destruction.
Redistribution Commission
.Mr.. Justice Macdonald, Mr.' Justin
Morrison and Wm. P. Ogllvle, secretary, comprising the Redistribution
Commission, held session In the cour:
house on Tuesday evening. Only a
cstall number ot citizens attendc!.
Mr. Justice Morrison opened •ho
n.eetlng by explaining the purpose
for which the commission was intended r.ti'l invited any suggestions from
those present regarding the extension
or, otherwise of tho Fernie Klwtora I
D'strict Mr, Sherwood Herchmer ad-
dressed the commission, making tho
request that this district he extended
to, Include Fort Steele and other territory In tbat vicinity, or In oibec
words, to extend the Fernie Bltctoral
District so that h would conform with
the present Fernlo Land District. He
also atated that about a year ago the
Fort Steele Board of Trad*, through
their representatives, Mown, McVittie and Oaibraith, had attended the
Fernie Board of Trade and Cmserr*
HOSMER CITIZEN8 HEAR' 8PEECH
PROM W. R. RO88
On Friday last tbe citizens ot Hob-
men succeeded In corralling Billy the
Rep. In their village nnd wanted to
know what he was going to do about
It, The chairman. N. F. Kendall, told
Iho audience lhat they had iMr. Ross,
but Mr. Green, "for some reason,"
was unable to be present. (Reason evidently best known to the Hon,
Green.) Tbe secretary read oft the
resolutions, eleven In number, and
then tbe crowd waited for Bill,
In opening hia remarks, William
told the people how pleased he bad
been on previous occasions to address
them, but how painful was the present
occasion. Tho honorable was evidently In his moat sympathetic mood,
and told' his midlence of the greht per-
sons! Interest be took. Ills personal
friendship for 'Mr, Dennis, he
thought would secure transportation
wlvo']^iatloB,(irith a view toVeTng.^^"!^™^ !.!ii!!!rt«!J,,,» £
>„.t..j~4 i„ Am tt*»Mtt* nuM«*t   Mr lipiteof the company's rules, and If be
Included in the Pernie District. Mr
J. F. Lowe supported <Mr. Herchmtr in
making this .suggestion. The commission stated %bm when they hold their
aetaton In Cranbrook tho people
strongly objected to any of their
territory bolng taken away front them,
however, duo consideration would bo
given the arguments from both eldta
and alao if at a lator dato ParnU peo*
p'* had othor toggottlone to make
they eoald forward thon to tba aero
tary of tbo eomatfatloo tn writing.
Mr. A. Maotfoll suggested tbat It
would bo ta admirable aohome to form
Parola, Coal Greek, Hosmor, Michel
and the Wk nttey into a riding, or
better still, lot tho town ol Pernio
hawt a mtmbtrt thit, however, did
Ml awtal to «r, datuco MacooaaM.
Hkt AometudnUnd Jl«f JaDnt,- A an
ampgoaaoot of tttt Wad by patr.ltf
oat tttt memome et farilaaitat wero
tltowoi oa tm teem et tbt population,
aad U fendo erne to bo §lvr* • nom*
ttor. oasiOfr rm -paiwnntfoft nl a.tttt
•bett wwf
Vaaootm bo oattUed to.
ttt. A. B. THttt mado ■ abort M*
dfooo to Ibo eeaarittloa, polttlag oot
thtt this dlstrtat required additional
votiag strength It order tbat tto Cob.
sstwatlvos sod liberal! eoald suppress
om^te  tttmPm^*weeeimn^mF .   mm^ee n   en •wisiw'    wa%wwir
all Mdo U vary ptata to ttoee present, however, that tbo commission
wit ttt ttaktag titer ttt laterta* of
aay aoMtfea! fifty hi partktlar and
Uk-aJk   JUkiis    ,^^^^^mMm^kj^^    fmf^^nm    __m____t_,    turn
tet* Hi oomrnteemn woaw tract ov-
OTytttte wftttt Ht prortmo ta t
•trfctty fadleial twtbr, tfcoy emH,
MwNWWi   fl^ wwfy WW! ptmmW00 -f%    Tw*
eoivo tar Mgtttnto ttwoottoas rrom
gay pottles! faity et MMd-tal.
Tho success of the Belgians was
complete, every attack along the extended line was repulsed, the Seveuth
German army corps retreating into
Dutch territory.
The Belgians collected 600-wounded lu tbe German lines.
-Brussels, via Paris. Aug. G.—The
fortified position at Liege had to support on Wednesday the general shock
of the German attack. The Belgian
forts resisted the advance fiercely
and did not suffer. One Belgian
squadron attacked and drove back six
German squadrons. Eight hundred
wounded Germans are being trans.
fcrred to the city of Liege, where they
cnn be cared for.
company
failed there, wall, ha knew tho mem-
bora of the Railway Commission, and
he "might make things stick." (He
should do.)
He explained that tbo G. P. R. acquired tbe land from the Crow's Nest
Coal Company, bat bo did aot know
anything about tbo conditions, <How-
ovor. If H waa a question of taking
book these lands, tto Government
would certainly do tbat:
Resolution No. •
Tbat, whereas ttt Provincial Oot-
ernmeat of British Columbia, at a
public auotion sale, sold lots is tbt
townsite of 'Hosmer to tha approximate tmoaat of HS.0M; therefore, bt
*'" *«-«*!<•*«. Vox* rt aft' iU r.*»U.
elal novwmmwrt of Rrittah ^ItunW*,
through the Hon. W. R. Rota, that
ttlt amount bt donatod as a bails
for t oompeaaatloa And.
T|lt was a kaoekout for Bill—be
| was sympathetic,  boaatiftlly ao-4rat
woold a eity llko *•• h witt - tt titatt t prtetdtatf
q " wv      'nty ootid aot afford to btl phllan-
ttrtplt-tttyi bad to bo fair,  Oould
ttt OoveriUDoat, oa prlnolplo, repay
tttt tt»,m to tbo people who bad lost
tbelr sooty? Of courso, bt wat ia
favorof tt personally (bat he baotcaed
to odd tbat ho wat aot apaaklng aa
MlaltUr of  iMfa-jitt aa a dear,
ayiaptthoUo brottor, wbo bad como
m^^m^m^} ■ m^hh  n^w obwra^etw   wow  -bmeime   ^*yte^*o
Wboo roaeiotloo No. Id, deetiag with
ttt f tUlM of bouls, wat ftiRAtd,
BUty bad iMtyittd bis offlefa) status,
tad tafsnael tbeaa that wltt ttat bt
ootid tt fartbof—|wo btMnm him)—
aad ifMMit tttt IH sho bad Uootttt
lOeoHMed m rate Wsrtt)
Brussels, Aug. B.—Belgian 'forces
nre reported to have won a sweeping
victory near Spa. Two entire regiments of GennaiiB are said to have
been decimated. The Germans advanced along the railroad In an armored train. The (Belgians had posted artillery In position to command the
railway and in addition had mlnwHho
track at a point where the road
crossed a culvert. When the train
was squarely on tbo bridge, the mine
was exploded, completely destroying
the locomotive and the two forward
cars, filled with German soldiers. At
thc eamc time the Belgian artillery
opened fire on the remainder of the
German forces, which had been convoying the train. Tbe carnage was
frightful. The Germans, although
taken by surprise put up a strong
resistance, but had no supporting artillery and finally retreated toward
tto frontier. In the meantime a Belgian column had beon rushed to the
roar of the flerptan position and two
regiments composing the assaulting
columns were caught In a trap. Many
wort killed before tho officer com
mandlng surrendered the column to
the .Belgians.
Brussels, via London, Aug. I.—An
official dispatch reports tbat tto Belgians havt repulsed all attacks In tbe
neighborhood of Llege. Tho Belgians
delivered a vigorous counter attack
on th* Onrma-ns who bad «tt»M tbr
forts, killing til ot them.
just heen built at Seattle for the
Chilean Government have been pnr-
chased and tlie boats went to Esquimau last.night. They are each 150
feet long and of 420 tons. A few special officers are being obtained from
the British Admiralty, naval reservists will compete the crews.
With,iho Rainbow, which is now
In commission, these two submarines
will form a valuable defense against
any possible raids. On the Atlantic
coast the call for naval reservists to
man the Xlobe has met with a prompt
response and the cruiser will be in
commission within a few days.
London, Aug. 5.—There have been
rumors that Italy, owing to the strong
antagonism existing between the Au-
strians and Italians.   was__Hkft1y   tn
break away from the trlpple alliance
and declare herself on the side of
Great Britain.
An exchange dispatch from Paris
today states that Germany sent on
ultimatum to Italy, saying that unless
Italy supports her allies war will be
declared' on ber.
■The Tele-Trap1',/n j^Jate fdlUfn.
says it is believed in diplomatic circles that Italy Is on the eve of declaring war on Russia. Italy's alliance
with Austria was never popular with
Italians. The two peoples in their
aims, and aspirations as regards Asiatic affairs and the Balkans are notoriously irreconclliable, The Telegraph says,       1
Ottawa, Aug. fl.—Orders were issu-sd
this afternoon for the enlistment and
mobilization at Quebec of a Canadian
army,  numbering approximately  21,-
action.   It is believed a naval battle
will be fought in Tshuama Strait.
XISH, Servia, Aug. G.~The Austria-
Hungary bombardment of Belgrade
continues. Several -building, including the royal palace and the
British legation, have been damaged'.
The defenders are not replying to the
enemy.
Rome, Aug. 6.—That Jtaly expects to
engage in hostilities, is indicated by
an order for 385,000 tons of American
coal to replace the Welsh supply.
-LONDON', Aug. 6.—The French Embassy announced that France has
captured a third German cruiBer. It
is believed the Flench fleet cut off
one of the German Xorth Sea scout
Fred Bancroft delivered an inter-1
esting and instructive lecture ii^the
Grand Theatre on Sunday night last.
Whilo the audience was not the larg-
•{est seen in the place, it was of the
bett and most advanced though-:
among the workers of this District.
The subject of compensation has a
peculiar significance to the workers
here, who have fought harder than
in any other part of Canada for a return from capital of part of its surplus value when overtaken by accident and in danger ot relegation to
the industrial scrap-heap. We, here
in this camp, may have many divergent views; we may express them at
times very vigorously, but we are all
agreed that the non-combatants in the
struggle—the widows and orphans—
must and shall have returned to them
In the shape of adequate financial
assistance, part ot that wealth that
their deceased bread-wlners have
helped accumulate.
Fred Bancroft, who is the representative of the Trades and Labor Congress of -Canada, has traveled through
Canada, lecturing to the various -trade
unions upon the advisability of making some united effort to place on the
statute books of their Province some
suitable and generous compensation
laiw that will enable them to force
the employer not only to compensate
the worker for Injury, but to make lt
such a costly matter to have accidents
that the former will avoid them.
Tn bis remarks the speaker brought
out several good points, but three'in
particular that are well worth men-
tipning, viz., while it was claimed that
all wealth came from the worker, and
consequently all compensation was
paid by them, nevertheless in the past
the worker had received but 25 to 30
per cent of the compensation paid,
the 'balance going into the pockets of
lawyers and insurance companies,
whereas, under a State compensation
law the worker would receive some
92 per cent of   all monies collected.
cruisers and forced it to surrender.
LONDON, Aug. d.—Accord'ing to the
Telegraph, General Sir Hamilton, Inspector" General of the overseas
forces, will command the Home army.
BRUSSELS, via. London, Aug. 6.—■
The Gazette published today what it
eays are the facts of war as known
regarding the repulse of German
forces'1 liy the Belgians in the Liege
district. The German losses are estl
mated at S.00O men, while the Belgians
suffered fur less.
The alleged route of tho German
Seventh army corps is not confirmed
In Its entirety, however, says the
Gazette, which adds. "These are the
facts: The Belgian Eleventh brigade,
after successfully resisting tbe Gorman attack, pursued the fleeing Prussians with such energy that the tinn-
pral commanding the Belgians was
compelled to order the troops to turn
000 men, of which about 15,000 will be!back, «» they were getting outBlde the
Infantry, and the remainder cavalry, I ring of  tin*  supporting guns of  the
Aai. •.—•Ir John French
baa been appointed Hold Marabal of
the British tray.
London, Aug. 5.—A bill Intro-doced
into tbo Hoots of Oommoai today byt
tto Homo Secretary, Reginald We-
Reona, to reatraln ttt moramoat of
undesirable alien* and wltt ttt object of facilitating ttt foawwl of
spie* was paattd by roogb stages.
tlie Home Secretary roportod that
twtatjfMMt tplct btd beta trroattd la
Ors*.t Britain (a tho laat twmtnfour
boors, chiefly la tho naval ooatraa.
Ottawa, Aag, S,—A Canadian navy
It balat got together «*4«r Naval
tartlet Aet of If lt at tjkUy ts poo-
slM« titwfar prmnt cfratmilaaeaa. li
wm aatttaaoai by ttt Otftmaaat to-
(day tbat two submarine.*, wbleb have
engineering eorpa, signal corps and
the other branches of tlio military
HenicB connected with an active service as a British army division. The
enlistment will be absolutely voluntary for all ranks. Enlistment will
start at once at tho various military
centres throughout Canada, nnd will
be in charge of the district officers
commanding. The enlistment will
take at least a woek or so, and the
force Is not likely to be mobilized nt
Quebec much beforo the meeting of
Parliament, a week from next Tuosday. What will bc Abe disposition ot
the forces after tbat ls not yet determined, pending the action of Parlln.
ment and word from the war office as
to whether or not Canadian troops
will be needed for service outside of
Canada.
•Brussels, Aug. 5,-~Le Peuple asserts
that In tbo fighting between Germans
and Belgians near Vise. A platoon of
Prussian cavalry was almost annihilated by the deadly fire of the Belgians from a building on the bank ot
the -river. The Prussians fired on
civilians.
Portland, (Maine, Aug. 5,—The
Cunarder Lusltanla, according to la*
terrupted messages picked up here by
an amateur, Is being pursued by two
Gorman cruisers, and Is beading hack
tor Porttaed en N*?**** »r.i**r fu".
tteam.
A later dispatch from a British
cruiser said that aha wat on bor way
to render any nottlMt asslstaaco and
advising the Lusltanla to continue at
It is believed tbat tho pursuing German cruisers aro the samo wbleb have
been reported to be cruising about off
tbls coast tor tho past two daya,
tMBMtt, Italy, Aug. I.-A German
cruiser attempting to reach ttt abort
of .France to bombard tewaa thero
was over taken by tbo FVrencb fleet
today. A bard fought battle tt now
going oa, according to wireless received hero thit afternoon.
Tai.VG TAK, China, Aug, l.-Tho
eaUro Gorman squadron saUed from
bora today to attack tto Rotsisa
fleet,   All docks wart cleared   tot
BelRluns. Tho enthusiasm of the Belgian troops was magnificent. A number of wounded German fled to Dutch
territory and this gave rise to the belief that the enemy bail been completely routed. They suffered, however, considerable loeues, which were
estimated at eight thousand. The
Belgian losses were small.
"At 4 o'clock in the morning tbe
German Tenth army corps aU&mpted
to pass.the Chaudfontnna and Bou-
cellos forts from tbe southeast, while
their artillery bombarded the fort at
Flomallf, on the opposite ba;,k uf thu
Illver Meause, five miles southeast of
Mag*.
"The Belgians captured seven guns
and several prisoners. Proposals for
tbe surrender of Llegc have been
again firmly refused,"
HARWICH, Bog.. Aug. «.-!t Is
learned from an authoritative source
that an action Is now in progress la
the North Sea. The captain of a
timber ship reported heavy gun tiring
north of Clacton throughout yesterday
snd hMvy firing was hoard hw.
It Is atsted tbat the houses b»t »•<-«>n
Harwich and Walton wilt be blown
down to clear the ground for gun fire.
A cruiser anchored off Harwich pier
hat received a wireless meeeegs to he
ready to receive 300 prisoners to-
*1*k* -ir.i ,r'.i„y, '.. .*■;',*t *„**_*»,
whlrh ar** Mtif bwtpM hero by   u
TBusTfie ""worker stood a better
chance under State insurance thnn
he did under the old insurance companies' methods of litigation and
squabbling. Tbe next point was, that
to make a generous compensation act
meant' that, sooner or later the employer would realise that accidents
were costly things and endeavor by
nil means possible to avoid them. The
third paint was thnt, as a result of five
years' struggle and the Interest ills-
played by the members of organized
labor, they had been able to do more
propaganda work and solidify tbe
worker than had ever beon possible
■before under any of the othor methods; the workers recognized the necessity of being united when they
found that it was to their direct interest to do so; they had displayed more
enthusiasm and solidarity in the fight
for tlie compensation act. In Ontario
than ever before, and he would recommend sut-h to the members of organised labor in B, C.
During the five years that tlie fight
crowded, passed thi fleut The pas-
stiigii's jvulizo-J lliu tJlKiiifkunre ol'
tlio fleet'n depart urn and cheered
lustily. There was a hearty rosponss
from the sailors.
PARIS. Aug. fl.~Sovoral dirigibles
have been hovering over Brussels and
the residents of the" Belgian capital
nro In a state of exasperation, and are
attacking Germans in the city.
COPBN-HAGE.V, Aug. «,~-Germatt
squadron is bombarding Sveaborg. an
lucrum port in Finland. Heavy
firing is heard at various points In
tbe North Sua.
BELGRADE, Aug. 6.~<AustrlstM
havo renewed ibe bombardment ot
of this city, Austrian troops were repulsed In two efforts to cross the
River Save.
HHAiN'GHAi, Chins, Aug. «-Japan
Is preparing to send a fleet to attack
the O-arman base at Tslng Tau, when
officially informed that England and
Germany are at war.
LONDON, Aug. «—Germany has
aent an ultimatum to Italy demanding
tbat tbo fight for bor allies In the
triple alliance, otherwise war will he
declared against her. It Is boHeved
thst Italy will break from the triple
iMio.r.*"' ':.*. I ;;•'.„*.<. ',.i.«w.'  tt.,,
£ | lend.
torpedo boat, The third torpedo flotilla, which loft tbe harbor for tta
open tta at daybreak Wodteaday
morning, went into action almost im
meetntel*    fb*.   ,{^1;;., ,-w.^ „
ttt flotilla, bad ber battoriea slightly
damagiid. Twentyvelgbt wounded bav*
havt beta brought ashore and Uk«n
to Holley Mtval Establishment, op.
potlte Harwich. Of the wouiided,
tsroaty«two tro dormant and sit aro
English. England's war movements
produced a thrilliar snd imnwssl're
spectacle at Harwich at daybreak,
wheat socond British fleet put to tot.
Aa ttt vetseis oao by ona silently aod
majtatkatty steamed out of the harbor ttt crows of tto veeoria still to go
Haod a|> aai heartily rbeered tketr
eoaifUM. foot afterward, a Hook
of Wetland bolt crammed wltt paaaen-
lert, aad aa Aatwerp boat, equally
LONDON', Aug. f.-Dispatches from
Brussels doclaro J.&00 Germans wart
killed or wounded at Vise. The post-
.f-midtr.- tit t*i* ->,.i,-.<r ;r, i-ii,,M:,s,*l *,*
' have been klllod by tho Germans
wbta bo refuted le send their messages. Tbo Oerman Crown Prince,
with 30,0*0 fresh troops, Is exported
to renew today tte attack on Moge.
PARI*. Aag f —A slight skirmish
occurred between Gorman aad Preach
troopn today at Norroy Uuu, in
Hearths. Tbo Gormtao suffer** a
fow eaaoalMeo, but ttor* ware ao
lossoa oa tbo FVeneh side.
LONDON. A«g. e~I*rd Kitcbeser
took chart* of fh<» War Orfir^ <*« e<x
rotary of War, today. Ho bat fall
<wnmand of military operttlona. Tbe
eoPaaoPoori
raged over the cotppensatioil act iii
Ontario, the speaker reminded his
readers tbat they were.pitted against
some of the very best and brightest
intellects the Canadian Manufacturers'
Association could secure. When tbey
(the workers) quoted figures they had
to take particular care that tbey were
correct, for they were likely at any
moment to be challenged. He bad
made inquiries in Toronto during the
time the fight was on and bad found
that in that city alone there was
some 1,447 families who might be described as the flotsam and jetsam of
society; families who were dependant
upon charity or casual employment
for a livelihood. He found over SOO
widows and orphans dependant directly upon charity or the city authorities
for an existence. A great .proportion
of these widows and orphans bad been
created by. industrial accidents to
their bread-winner. What/asked, the
speaker, was tbe condition of the
widow and her family when tbe -breadwinner was removed, he would tell
them: She arose at 6 a. m., took ber
baby to the public creche, where it
was cared for and went to her work
ot scrubbing, or whatever it might he.
At about 6 p. m. she would call for
her baby on her return from work,
take the little one borne, perform her
several household duties and go to
bed, only to repeat the dull monotony
of the routine the following day. When
he was asked by a woman of this kind
what he, as a Socialist and international trade unionist, was doing to
better their condition, he could not
help being struck by the apparent
emptiness of the philosophical Socialist answer. Yet he had tried to answer them. But he felt tbat tbe day
when the worker would be in a position to institute the Socialist commonwealth was a long way off, and
these women were looking for something NOW.
Young Lasselles, one of the bright- *
.est-iBteHeets-tinrt-tne~Gwmffn—Socialist movement had ever known, and
who, had he Jived would undoubtedly
have been held In as great a reverence as Marx, was among the first to
recognize the necessity °of this class
of .legislation, and was largely instrumental in securing same for Germany. He, with his colleagues, wero
animated ouly by a desire, io secure
for labor evorvthlng they possibly
could. They realized that it was necessary for the widow to remain at home
with her family to look after their
welfare; thoy realized the necessity
of securing for the children education.
The speaker said he did not think
nconomlc pressure ever made a Socialist, History gave them no record
of a successful stomach rebellion. Further, if economic pressure made So-
claiistH, then the whole working class
should by uow bn Socialists, for
surely they hud iiud pressure enough.
The conversion of Marx, Engles or
Lasselles was uot attributable to economic pressure.
Ho, the speaker, wanted them lo
get down to bedrock. Dick M< llildo
did not care a continental for iIkj,ii
uh long .is tliey Bquubblc among
UitiUM'hes over o'i«st!ons of Phllo'-
i.-iilu; thoy did not appear a bit <ia»i-
gercus to hint then. They did appear
dangerous, however, when united mum
n common platform .determined to sa-
cure « larger share of what tln;y pr-j- ,
duced,
Dealing with the question of t,-cl;i,:-
rei education, the speaker claimed
that this was but part of tbe capitalists' method** of improving the worker
so that he might be a more proficient
sliv.i, : iu! at th( tiafflc tlmv ,t ucll
acknowledgment that the plementary
education given In our schools was *n
sufficient. The effect of technical «d.
ucatlon in Germany bad ben to mako
the people think and un k lutarx* tbelr
(lass position, and State Insurance for
the injured was one of the effects of
that education.
In the Stato of Washington, under
tlm old law, the worker* were receiving something like SS per cent ot
tbelr compensation, whereas under
the new law they were receiving over
90 per cent. The waployers wero
very antlous that they should adopt
th« ac«)« of the Ilritlsh Compensation
Aet, hut they atere not so patriotic,
aald the apeaker, and preferred the
Oerman act. The figures in the Utile
of Washington proved that in tbat
Slate tho workers wero only receiving
trom !'•> to 30 per cent of tbelr com-
po.istHlon Owr BO t*-*r t*i*rt «•»- *.*
log spent in lagol aorvicea md at.
unt^ia in amid, paymsat. He ventured to aay that if tbey bad had tbe
Ontario aet la operatic* In Alberta
they would have bad ao Hillorest disaster, It would have been to costly.
.ua »pe«a«r stated tbat In case of
death the rate paid tbo widow Undor
the Ontario aet was »20 per month
and $s per month per child until it
was II years eld. If tbo widow got
married, the was paid two yeara' own-
pensatfon, or lilt, while thii allowance
io «.ht!drt r, Mill goea on. This waa tho
first act to place woman oa ttoaam*
ccwuauilc pUivti as otaa, and if tt was
proved that the womao was etipport-
Ing the family, thoa she would receive the same compensation as a
a. Tha rato for permaaeat In-
lory under tbe Ontario An was
ik per cent for life of tbo weekly
map*, Ttoy had asked for W 5-1, hat
had to be content with M. ft was ihe
spirit of those who fought for this net
(Oewitooed ew Pott Poati
.1
I mm-mme
mam
'•%
^!jy
PAGE TWO
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
; SOCIALISM as a World Force |
♦ The Uprising of the Workers ♦
♦ *& <f +. +. *. ♦ * + * ♦ ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
By J. Keir Hardie
As far back as history goes, society
has always been divided into two
great divisions, the rulers and the
ruled, ln some of the comparatively
recent civilisations of the past,
Greece and Rome, for example, there
was an appearance of democracy aud
equality. All citizens hid equal
rights, but all people were not citizens. 'Beneath tbe citizen class, and
largely outnumbering them were the
slaves, who were not citizens, who
could not own property, and who had
no rights. Slavery, probably, came
into being when the simple, healthy
lives of the founders of the republic
had been corrupted by luxury, and
"patriotism" had bred the notion of
an expanding empire and wars and
conquest. The first slaves, I think,
must have always been the spoils of
war. Instead of killing the prisoners
thus taken, as was probably the case
in the very early days, their lives
were spared on the condition that
they were willing to become the prop-
ertv of the conquerors. Slavery added
Ft ifl further to the wealth of the free
citizens, and also relieved them from
the burden of the more laborious and
irksome forms of work, until In time
it came 'to pass that all that kind of
work was deemed dishonorable and
beneath the dignity of free men, and
tit only for unenfranchised, property-
less slaves.
Workers an Inferior Creation
The world rolled on, time passed,
new experience was gained, new
disclosures made in the realm of
science, especially mechanical science,
and in the end it was found that free
wage labor was actually cheaper, and
Involved less responsibility, than chattel slave labor, and thus slavery, being no longer profitable, was abolished, though the status of the workers
remained much the same. They had
exchanged chattel slavery for wage
slavery. They were still regarded as
helots, and an inferior creation.
In the SaxOn and Celtic civilization
a somewhat different state of affairs
seems to have prevailed. That there
were grades or order in these is certain, but, as far as can be ascertained,
all Hand was held In common, and so
there was no landless proletariat.
With the coming of the Normans all
. this underwent a change, although
for generations after their raids, there
was a solid, independent yeoman
class, whilst the craftsmen's guilds
were more in tlie nature of co-operative association than of masters and
servants of the modern type. The
break-up of the monasteries, the.confiscation of land by the nobles, and
the enclosures of commons by the
same rapacious crew, backed by
three hundred yenTS of ceaseleste
______***. jeital anxLotMr.-Qn_the_parLof
THE DISTRIOT" IJ&DGER; PERNIE,
B. C:, AUGUST 8,1914
t
the ruling class, gradually abolished
the old order of things, and the coming of machinery and the factory system finally reduced tbe working class
to the condition of a disinherited,
property-less proletariat. It is no-exaggeration to say that a hundred
years ago the working class of Great
Britain weie regarded from exactly
the Bame point of views as were the
chatel slaves of earlier civilizations.
The Revqlt of Socialism
It ls only in quite recent days that
the .workers have begun to emerge
from that condition. All down through
history, whether as chattel slave or
wage slave, tbere have been labor revolts, rebellions, and uprising against
the masters. Occasionally a temporary success justified these efforts,
but, in the end. tbe ruling class al-
ways succeeded In submerging them.
Now the result Is no longer sporadic,
or confined to one section of the globe.
The Socialist movement is worldwide In extent. It Is uniting not mere-
ly the workers of each land, but the
''workers of all lands with a common
object. It sees clearly tbe goal of
Its ambition, and a painful experience
has shown it the way In which the
goal Is to be reached. Industrial
action has been Joined with political
action, ln trade rivalries, sectional
Jealousies and national antagonisms
are gradually disappearing. The fight
for political enfranchlament Is far
from being complete, ns the woman's
movement at home clearly shows,
hut the right of the worker, as a
worker, to cltUtutnhl|i i« no lunger disputed, even by the master and ruling
class,   '
Socialists and War
The battle for political equality has
heen long ami costly, but It has been
won, and now the struggle for economic equality has already proceeded
a considerable length on the way to
success. There is no European country in which the Socialist movement
has yet acquired sufficent strength to
be :ible to control the State, its influence in politics, both national and
international, is an increasing factor.
Nothing' shows to* better advantage
than the struggle, now going on in
France and Germany between the
workers of those countries on the one
side, and their rulers on the other.
To the German workman, France is
not an enemy. He finds the German
capitalist the foe that is'oppressing
and crushing him. So in like manner
the French workman is not so much
concerned with the German Emperor
as he is with the exploiters of liis own
race. And thus a bond of union has
been created, and 13 being daily
strengthened between the workers of
these two nations, which is already
exerting a very powerful influence
upon the Governments—an influence
which, in the very nature of things,
must grow with every year tbat
passes. As the people of the world
come Into closer relationship with
each other, through the International
and Trades Union movement, mar between nations becomes increasingly
difficult. War cannot be mad^ without
the consent ofthe common' people.
True, their consent is not asked, but
it the rulers know that the workers
will not fight each other no war will
ever be declared. That much Is
obvious, and a consideration of that
fact is an additional argument for the
anti-war propaganda. It brings the
question before the workers in a concrete form which they can understand.
It shows the need for a more cordial
and intimate relationship, so that
prompt action could be taken should
the occasion ever arise. That of itself would have an educational value
of a far-reaching kind, and would
strengthen the wholesome fear of
Socialism which already disturbs the
chancelleries of Europe.
The magnificent struggle between
the forces of Socialism and the reactionary military Governments of
Germany and France is an indication
of the rapidly growing strength and
confidence' of the movement on the
continent. Our comrades are no
longer merely protesting against militarism with,, its attendant corruption—
they are successfully combating it.
As the issues clear it becomes more
and more apparent that the people
have deserted the Government and are
backing the Socialists. The Govern-1
ments of both countries, probably by
prearrangement, shook their .mailed
fists in the face of the Socialist Patty,
and the result has amazed and dumbfounded them. It is they who will
leave the lists stricken and abashed,
The Reign of Socialism
A great success like this in the
sphere of militarism strengthens the
party for similar successes in other
fields. Socialism Is no longer fighting
for recognition, but. for supremacy.
The hitherto slave cIsbs has risen to
power. But not as a .conquering army
to subdue and enslave others. Its
reign will carry Liberty, Equality,
Fraternity In its train. Long and
dreary has been the way the worker
has had to travel In his upward march
toward freedom. The path along
which he has come Is sodden with his
blood and tears, and the air heavy
with his misery. There Is still much
to be done and much to be endured.
But the worst Is over. This year we
look back, and our hearts are filled
with reverence for the martyrs and
pioneers who suffered and endured
for the cause. But this year we can
look forward with confidence and
Joy to the coming triumph of that
same cause. May we, each after their
own fashion, do the work which lies
nearest m in uniting the world In the
bonds of an enlightened fraternity,
and keep over before us the truth of
what Byron said, that:
They never fall who die
In a great cause,  Th« block may soak
with their gore;
Their heads may sodden in th* sun:
their limb*      .
lie sitrung to  city/gates  and  castle
walls:
But still their spirit walks aboard,
Though years elapse and other share
us dark a doom,
They   but   augment   the   dark   nnd
sweeping thoughts
Which    overpower    all   others   and
conduct
Tin* world, at last, to freedom.
An Appeal
For Mexico
■As' in  Greece before  it successful
war against Turkey, bandits built, in
Mexico, their lines of action  in  the
mountain fastness; and they have descended upon the rich farms to provide means for tfieir existence.     Aud,
as in Greece, these bandits have had
the sympathy of the people;  in both
countries they were idol hsd for bravery,    That they have at times heen
cruel, no one can deny; that they hare
been defiant of law, no one can deny;'
that they have even taken human li^e,
no one can  deny.      But who taught
them cruelty;   who held before them
lessons, black object lessons, of lawlessness, and even of murder.    Governments may pretend to be horrified,
but have not the Governments of .Mexico, and the Governments of Europe,
which originated the Mexican §yst6m
of land robbery and serfdom, held before the peons of -Mexico the examples
which have influenced their conduct?
Who was the first big thief and murderer in '.Mexico?   AVlvo betrayed the
ruler of  the  ancient  Indian, civilization?   Spain.    Whait constituted   the
Mexican army  throughout    the  days
of Diaz?    Convicts and bandits held
in continual war against the people
under constant threats, of death. Who
passed   oppressive   lsfws   and   made
fraudulent grants to alien persons of
the riches of Mexico?   Who were the
bandits devastlng   the estates ot tbe
people;    sending    a    convict    army
against the brace:  giving away    the
most fertile lands to the nation's enemies?    Not    the    men    hunted    by
Diaz; not the men of the stamp   of
Villa; rather the men who hired law-
yers and corrupted legislators.
Replying to Burke, Tom Paine said
of the French revolution:
^"Lay, then thq axe to the root,.and
teach governments humanity. It is
their sanguinary punishments which
corrupted mankind. In England the
punishment in certain cases is by
hanging, drawing and quartering; the
heart of the offender is cut out and
held up to view of the populace. In
France, under the former Governments, the punishments were no less
barbarous. Who does not remember
the execution of Damlen, -torn to
pieces by horses? The effect of the"se
cruel spectacles exhibited to the populace, is to destroy tenderness or
excite revenge; and by the base and
false idea of governing men by terror Instead of reason, they necome
precedents. It is over the lowest
class of mankind that government by
terror is intended -to operate,. and it
is on them that it operates vto the
worst effect. They have sense enough
i to feel that they are the objects aimed
at: and they Inflict in their turn the
examples of terror they .have been
Instructed to practice."
How fitting', are the above observations at this time, when the acts of
Villa, compelled by the force of a
bitter struggle, are held up high to
screen the murders of Huerta and
Diaz, committed with the authority
of law. How well do the words of
Paine, the Invlgorator or revolutionary courage In 1776, explain the very
few acts of impulsive brutality which
have been committed by the (Mexican
revolutionists?
Tf»« nKJan-t/i illoAnaiK^ *"^A-—pa. llu ft—rat.
 a is—viu<ci — *».\y—uisvi cun—ivmvv»«ow   v*
the oppressed Mexican people, Villa
is held up as a bandit. Yet every
great similar revolution, whether in
Greece, in France, in Italy, In Ireland,
or ln America, has drawn its leaders
from the mountains, where men make
■their own laws, and where the primary needs of human life determine
the Justice of their operations.
'Villa'stole cattle, not to gain vast
riches, like   a   noted landowner   of
California,    who    secured    by fraud
theft and  crime, ownership of a vast
tract of land extending far northward;
to live. Por when he joined the Bevo-
lutlon he was penniless.   Villa stole
to live, like  Jean  Valjean;   not like
Dlax. who passed   a bandit   law  by
which the great masses of the people
were robbed of their lands.   If Villa
committed crlmee, they were against
men who prospered by criminal ravages against bis kind and his peoplo;
men who supported a government of
crime In his native land.  If he did kill
or had secured the killing ot Benton,
was not his justification sufficient,
considering that a condition of war
existed and his life waa threatened T
Was not Benton the agent of hia worst
enemies, holding a million acres   Of
land; and did   not   Benton   come to
challenge, to Insult and exffendt Three
days before the clash, Benton publicly
boasted that  he  would  call Villa a
bandit to his face.  This much appear
ed iu the press; how much more was
said few know.   Have not prominent
Americana killed negroes for less reasons?   Why-be hypocrites?
Mexico needs our sympathy and cooperation; not our sneers and greed,.
The peons are Ignorant; so, too, were
the French peasants Ignorant before
the revolution; so, too. were tho op-
i pressed Irish Ignorant. The iieotro are
! human beings* and the tiict that tliey
!nre nrnrttipf.lv." worker*, nmtilfffitt* to
l obtain conditions permitting tree la-
.: Siwr   and  secured  bnpplnew.   1*   the
TRAUBEL'i   CHANTS   COMMUNAL
An Appreciation by Eugene V. Dtbs
A .popular, edition of this wonderful* collection of Horace Traubel's
writings has just- 'been issued from the
publishing house of Albert & Charles
Boni, New ' York. It is now within
reach of all-
Horace iTraubel has the distinctest
'personality of any man of letters now
before the American people. He can
be likened to no other author or writer
living or dead. - Although a loyal disciple and/devotee of Walt Whitman,
from (Whom he • undoubtedly caught
his earliest and deepest inspiration,
he goes far beyond his revered master.
He not only hrings the old prophet of
democracy up to. date, but he traverses untrodden "fields, he explores
new realms in quest of the truth
which is to light up the heavens of
humanity, banffeh darkness from the
face of the' earth and set free the
countless captive children of men.
Horace Traubel "has the clear vision
of the prophet, the analytical mind of
a philosopher,' the daring imagination
of a poet, the heroic soul of a martyr
and the unpolluted heart of a child.
"Chants Communal" reflect in every
line the great white soul of the incomparable author. Here we have
the true message of democracy in tbe
clear and vibrant voice of one of its
foremost apostles; the message to the
manacled masses inspired -by as deep a
faith, as profound a love and as
sublime a heroism as were ever consecrated to the service of man.
In hts fearless search for the truth
and his passionate demand for justice
there is nothing too sacred ..for this
brilliant iconoclast to attack and
nothing too humble for him to love.
In him the most powerful and
popular of the earth's rulers have
an Implacable foe and the weakest
and most despised an uncompromising
friend.
The world may perhaps starve him
tb death, 'but it will never drive him
into prostitution^ it may destroy his
body, but lt can never pollute hia
soul, and long after he has1 left his
trail of life up the heights the name
,of Horace Traubel will shine with all
the lustre of a star aivd his '^Chants
Communal" will he read in every
tongue known to man.
underground world, and practically
maintained jtheir own governments *be-
nearth thev surface of the earth.-.
So favorable were their wages that
the phase ."miners' living" was used
as a synonym for a life, of comparative luxury. Then came capitalism,
and exploitation of the miners.
iFor a time the miners suffered even
-worse than other workers. Their- isolation, far from the outside world,
made impossible any inspection. or(
even escape from their work.
There are signs of awakening among
them-uoday. Minani, a Socialist and
former strike leader, who is now'blacklisted-, publishes a paper, "-Mining and
IMiners," that now has a. circulation
of 2,000. Tlie paper is not allowed to
discuss politics.
No paper-can treat qf political matters unless the publisher deposits ?500
with the'police as security that nothing seditious will be printed.
Neyerthless,, this paper is an impor-'
tant educational organ, and wilf pr/j've
the nucleus1 of better things.—San
Katayama, in Los Angeles Citizen,
MORE OIL. ON   MEXICAN   FLAMES
A few weeks' rest from Business at
Glacier Park Or the
will give you a new loase of life, or to those whbse lime is limited, take quickest route east or -west, via the Groat Northern
Railway Co. ^ ",'<*'
' 23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria \
.   29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexf ord for East & West
<r
TAINTED GOLD
A British Opinion on John D. Rockefeller and the American Socialists
Mr. John D. Rockefeller has gifted
£500,000 to the Institute ot Medical
Research in America, and large numbers of the American people are far
from grateful.   They "say frankly that
no institution can prosper which   ls
fed by the tainted money of the Oil
King.   We think this instinct is perfectly sound, and there is something
wrong when nations have to look   to
enormously rich men for the money
necessary for   such   beneficent   purposes as medical research or education.    Mr. Rockefeller is reputed to
possess  £50,000,00,   and   his wealth
has been acquired in strange wa^s.
The underpayment of men, the shooting of discontented workers, the ruth-
less destruction of rivals, the roonop-
o1Ti^ng^~TnWklns^lre^h"am"6tesT"'5va:"
sion and breaking of law, corruption
and fraud—all these have played   a
part'in the Rockefeller drama.   The
men behind the   Standard Oil Trust
have frequently been denounced    as
"malefactors of great wea-jth." and an
eminent Judge, in dealing with 1,400
charges of Illegal railway rebates, remarked that such men wound society
more deeply than the man who robs
the malls.   Yet, through it  all,  Air.
Rockefeller has founded his universities and taught in his Sunday school
class.  iMr. Rockefeller is probably uneasy in his conscience about his vast
and oppreslve wealth     He tries to
sanctify his wealth by devoting part
of It to good purposes. .But every man
with imagination sees and understands
that the money ts tainted at Its source.
It flowed to its   present owner over
beds of poverty and wreckage.   The
charities of iMr. Rockefeller are twice
cursed—cursing him   that  gives and
him that takea.   Can .wealth prosper
that has been won with the dying hate
of the murdered minora of Colorado?
When  the  American -people  have a
real grasp of tbe tacts there will  he
no Standard Oil Trusts or billion-dollar Steel Trusts carrying on a general
anti-social policy or exploitation   and
enslavement  and   afterward offering
some handfuls of goid to buy off the
wrath of the community.   Tno nation
must take over the trusts and run
them for national ends.   "Blther we
own the trusts or the trusts own us."
say the American Socialists.—London
Citlsen.
JAPANESE MINtftS AWAKIN
TO FACT OF ORGANIZATION
Five great mines produce the hulk
ot the copper mined in Japan, aud employ must of the 200,000 Jupilhtw
copper miners.
Olltt  Ol   thtt   l*H*u»;   Oi   iUiiaU   iU»l»*
- that operated by the Kubara Minim*
-has introduced all the mod
Revolution Jn so-called backward
countries are today but minor phases
of the battle of great industrial interests. This £act is becoming more and
more evident with each new disclosure
of the part played by the interests in
the 'Mexican fight.
The coming of the explosive .and the
Diesel oil 'burning engine have done
more than revolutiqnize traction on
land, the cultivation of crops, the.navigation of the air and the building of
warships.     .
One of the great laws of human
progress' upon which ' Socialism is
based Ib that every such change in
the 'machinery of industry in the
methods of producing and distributing
•wealth, of doing the work of the world,
also changes every sort of political
and social institution.
This whole (Mexican situation, and
many other situations in politics can
be easily understood if once this principle ls grasped. It is not hard to
understand if we start with the individual, f
If a man makes his living digging
ditches' with a spade, and there are
other tools in existence, he will live
wholly different from what he will live
if he owns and operates a mammoth
steam shovel.
Jf a nation moves with ox carts, its
laws will not be like those it will have
when it uses /railroads afflT automobiles and aeroplanes. When goods
were produced by hand, mankind did
not live In the Bame sore of governments of divide into the same sort ot
political parties, or have standing
armies and dreadnaughts and "dollar
diplomacy."
A large portion of the wheels of the
world, not only*, those of the industrial
but of the political machinery as well,
are now turned by petroleum in one
form or another.   |  V
.This means that whoever controls
petroleum can decide how those
wheels must run. Indeed such an
owner must decide how they will riih
*
'You will enjoy all the comfort of most modern railroad equipment. Courteous Wd efficient employes will make your trip
pleasant. . ,
Before purchasing steamship tickets, let us talk it over.
For further .information apply to *
AGENT AT DEPOT
P.O. Box 461      FERNIE, B.C.      Phone No, 1611
%S%
Home Bank
"Canada
•. HeadjOffice and Nine Branches in Toronto
BRANCHES  ANd'cONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT'C^HADA
A deposit on One Dollar opens  a   savings  account   with \
Home Bank.   The account may be added to by deposits oi .
further, large or small amounts and Full Compound Interest \J
wiil be paid at highest Bank rate.
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTORIA AV«,f -:- -:- FERNIE   B. O.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
v
Capital Paid Up..$7,000,000 -   Reserve,Fund ....$7,000,000
O. R. WILKIE, Presided HOttt ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pros.
BRANCHES  IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloopa,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
8AVING8 DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date ot deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN Manager
OT^e"wlirceaiirtO'Dvtne-owneTr
.Mexico has some of the largest deposits of petroleum ln the world.
There is power enough in the neighborhood of Tamplco to turn millions
of wheels and produce almost unmeasured wealth.
Some of the great navies of Kurope
are -being transformed to use oil instead of coal as motive power. These
nations are fighting for the power
that will move their great murder machines.
\ In America and Europe the klnga of
petroleum are infinitely more powerful than any that sit on gaudily decorated thrones and depend upon heredity and governmental pomp. .Legislative bodies In all parts of the world
have been made the puppets of these
kings of oil.     .
It is inevitable tbat this great industrial change, thia rise of the power of
oil in the kingdom of Industry, ahould
bare Its diplomatic service, Its foreign
relations, Ita wars. . revolutions aad
treaties. „
In Mexico It would be impossible tor
any conflict for governmental power
to avoid feeing Involved ln the battles
of the oil kings.
Now It is alleged that Huerta is
only the agent of am English oil syndicate, while Carranr* Is a dependent
on the oil reliable Standard Oil Company. '   '     s ' * -
There Is one way by which any revolutionary movement In Mexico could
solve this problem and cut Itself free
THE CANADIAN BANK
"^nOTCOMMERCE
HAS INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGE YOUR
Wills* Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
s.»
■s.'
 ._ rOafUHTWUtlNTOMIATIOH AWLTTO
B. Fowler, Manager Fernie Branch
from any suspicion of -being a puppet
of tbe oil companies. That la to take
possession of all oil wells that come
under ita control In the name of the
people and proceed to operate them as
socialised Industries. — Milwaukee
Leader.
•A small boy who waa sitting next to
a very haughty lady in a crowded om*
nlbus kept on sniffing la,a most an-
5P
\
noylng manner. At last the lady could
bear It no longer, and turned to   the'
lad.
'"Boy. have you got a handkerchief?"
ahe demanded.
The small hoy looked at her for a
tew seconds, and then, in a dignified
tone, came the answer: -*»
"Yes, I have, but I don't lend It to
strangers."—Kx.
,m
\!*v.:.rs;   prcof   cf  their  <|u:»li'y  and  <")mpany
goodness. Worthies* men do not la- If"• "»«•'»"»' **««•* iU**?.1 ail"
jtwr In the fields; they are not found >*?«' ■« "boat |5.(WO,0(W, and ma* 41*
i defending thelf home*:  jiertssipf you , i-huted  some
might find som* ol them in the stock; an"»uK fW***
; exchange* parilclpatlnt!    In the ban-;!,a " r,c,P'
, -*•*-^* ..*-*.*. ..VUPn
mrmtl-A'-m
mul she wrecking «fi!'* r',,,,'r»
"Ity, Then the Axe to tha Reot, and owning
Teaeh   Governments   Humanity"—)
Thomas Paine.
By Joieph J. O'Brien
v:»bi iracts nf Jtuul, and *ub-
Meeting th<" imixH«K u» <ru*l exploitation, Thirt' wa-t nn wldespn-nd ml*-
ery; no rrusbliiK ilinial «»( family life;
i no ninddftilnK cm-i-i-hi-i* isui*Ut«t *<».
tn, in-- iiiiuiv.-rNin ui iln- iln lira* !m:inM«d; no h..nd* "f V-jmIV.'H b-m
tinn of iiideiH-tidriifi' Uy Uie thlrtw-n Idit* hiilitttiK i»en««-fu! *HtIwiii,,. and
H'iih.' iWi'rtitMl In thi- rnion. Amer- forcing thi-m tit t)i»> jut!) «»f invtft
leans gathernl ro nrall the arwit pur-|<i-i'»t« to miruiuitf pmut,. vt*>i**-u)
(,<•««*•« -Mii.-ii mmi-il ih** t*-M* <>f IT**;"" '.Ti-f'dy fvuilul barons,
to Join tn Woody wnr naainiit Knn-i Wh*r* ut nil U»«- world i«<i«> «*«>*•*
Innd tlmt AmHl'ti mlirht b* tr** and i Hum* «*xiil tin* o|iiir«-»»loM aiiirli pt*-
l)H)1|l> null* In iln- Mi'.vl'-iMi rttittoi-?   Winn*
U in *<i»l at thu t|tm< that ti»< 'lw-!i'l*f Imi* t< »ln>5«> it«'..i«i»i In-fti m» mtn-
UtratlbU Ui* rutd wiib ■■-!■••. In ihl>il'«fl«"l 1" •■'»*•"■' l««v<;i">. mid Inimlll-
ittMii    historir   Am time nt   thirty one ,ai*d in such pltfotu Ignorance? Tbw*
■^w^v, ,.",','•**,,!!.i,„,„ \vtit»-'- ..»t»t»««t tn>1nHtf» mt-ti tn nrtnu. Hut then- ar«
\ni«Ti"si ww no*. «* miiiriBrntivi- a»|i»i«»ie it.twit* t.t>i»,-« in amm-." iu j*.t»-
tb«* rttntiulons *hlfh t«xi»t ttt Metttco; Alh »!«' *in**l >■« .<>»«»
--,. tMV tht-"** »•»« eWitd* irrAUiwT W#> tnmtti vtfw th» ewftil iniHfetl**
for tbm AnwfMtt revolution, and the;of M^atco'* Sand *}M#»m without com-
condi'ioitK km forth to jitntlfy tli-»T»v.i paring it* prwnt timdHion*, its trial*.
,,*,,,'.,, .,,..,. rn, 'rv-i«f*» iTit-nfJiUI'*, Hn-■ i**, ti*|»-*ttrij t't.-rm, •" i-* «)••! .H'Mt* •!••*■>»►.
mati lit* was ht»»rt"ln h!t»h«r fvsp-wtinon t« i«»-m t!tii»i««» u* «»rr* out vimi
end tr*n't*d with mt* tonsid^ratlon j |turpoi«««*. ita fanatical kj.llllng of
than bm bri-ti th«* rot* In th*» M««*i«'«n jbiond in th< «r«*»t tirxency of m<*»* nis»«l
ma!<»* The oppression against thej with nu murl.-*. o{ ,«.imtri.iii of tit
colonics wnn ixiliticat, and economiciforct'd tuimr). «;;bmit ti*iuiw»lrist
!n tin* ir-sdlnjj miihc, rath«r th?«n eco* tbm*> thin«» with Kmarc bat ore U-*
nomlc lit tlu* »(•»«<• of economic slav-i great revolution and Ireland before
,.rv "fi*.r«,, *v,;rt. tr.9if.it «jn«'t f»rf*»«-'tb** Innd *t'tili*nt* 'if
t'x'stta, bm !K»r «-'t*t**, «n>l r«<iul*l wp-i
ureMfir* T*ie free development of.
.Vm»rli,.i'* cnirtni.rcc ■*;i* jir»"*ent*>-'*».
tne ttrowth ot it-*»w»u< mnnulaeturing■
■xtt*. *,r.*b1b',tt'd' th" t't'*- ftfrtiu* id
l»oli!i<>ai control over loral affair* was,
4*aUnl. ttt!.ati«ift without tvpreitent*.<
ti«m (Midi mn cnUii i» tlu; n.ul«!ial
••i*l»i;s»*li  -.'.a-, f:i>Mfti'.i«*:4 uul Ao..-ri*ta«
dity of finance
railroads. !
The quality of men «und« out when 1
tlitlr right* are in danger.   Oaoil men!
tlsht. .and  fight   well.    The   French;
fiittaht* behind  burriMdi:t    aad met
hnll-Hn  with  itiittiifi rt nnd  ftirni  lm-
, plemeats.     The Mexican peons have
climbed mount On in the fare of ma-
'■fhlttf fl*"". "*'"' (»'<■'■'' f ■*!*[,*, *h" ettnrny
liefore them      It !* Idle to say that
; mich are ViM-sh' tn give capitalists
profit in r»!*rp«l dealt; A great
'ilittp cftf><>M t»> destroyed Uv tatnb*
Mlshlnp the ''\!«*'enct» of tiereaanry »••(■■
jontlar.v .illUme*.   America sowght the
$:tS0,<MM» of Its stock
engineer* and higher
It also suppl.es hous,» lor
und other employes,   nni
tat intituled electrl' lights iu tite
mine. It also run* two theatres, two
•.•ranin.u schools and a liojp.: il.
Tkt .1 it pays sonu) tif It'- fviltlt t«
uoilen as tow as IU cults a dny. M.d
the tunimon miners receive from »T
h. ' . t.ntt.. Much ni the wjtm i»
jiceMrit, but the rate Is alway* *&•
lined to ihHt at soon as a miner
makes more than 4« ce.v.s a day ats
ruf.t t» cut.
An* lr.tor organUatltn ts nltnost im-
pot.»l*Mt because of he spy system
tin* it .te-tiiiuiueil, s..j :i by the cut
players and the tlovornmitnt.
Under the re«liu« nt old Japan*,, (lie
&*«"**
mm
This Sweet
Golden Juice
mx
KSKKf;*:
It Nature's Finest Tonic
/
i      ..A
.1
, MfUjiurt oi tl'iiesU in < ita dar Ikes'; «*i)». ,    -       *     -■        ,   .        -, t.
inM (hit tt loved Russia, hut that   i. i miners bad come to look upon tbm
, -uurtteovil   «I*   tWt»*|»eMM,":
llriAfli! ,.
,,.,,,!,.,* ,   * * ..   i ,   is ml i-i-   '
Vnpnlemt   nnd of   Hnn*l;t      AlPancet
«re   made   during war nnd   during]
i„.u'  nt -.itjt'Usi she *■■Aii'.u-itiiiUh of,
the opposition.     Theji' tin not prove
IttfSiiccrity of nnworth-. they -may cop-!
e-re*     Ttiev*
t.-t
w»re «he Vlntt of   thaH
MJ7ia,iir
Fen r-ew.jJut.Uii.il .!< i».i*',*ui> .»ie *<*
nt*i\. Jiisttfjpil .-■.« thi*. Vi#.jt,i"-»« r*'ve!ti*
t»e»i S *t*9\ tfntti'if*. rx-kt ni'i «•)(•»■»
rie'i»re the hint  H;i;»t ..ir4*     Th*-t* th*-
•1   M
tH'tf^ttl *   the i-'i'.:j\[i**'' •   '':■
,l;na«'ii    silttjtetliHi.     tu**    •
,i-,,  Ipir'i-rA'j • •   tr.itloir*'.   |
riche* '■' tii,!*!:.:.!5''! an aH* '<
ft H:'<*<i  *,' *'■' HI      lii   wt   ' unit
.,,*,„  ut,*   ,-„.,-•   < ,.>,f ..-.*, .-»..
!**
twake war «m the tuiotil<», ati,'. it-a-ur-jotuuir
n rMotii-* -vete ptiimid*d.
I',-■.'.   ;«»•;'-   'Vfi't   uo  tt;'i\'r.i    ',*"
,.. ,*r,^.
t.'»tti»e.'
-un)
l* ".HI
,* h*'t*
f.   -t I'll
■»»»■
u...< Miu *■*»'* iU.i
Jtrt ttirifce (rrettfes? lb,* *ait*oi ** *i»*nr
iui*-er;  nml oi>pri'i*<lo't.
-If!
Se, with a new auulvemry of
\merlraV Independence to turn onr
mfri'l* track to the dttya when n vrrnt
tiittifin tm ptwhed ltit<» (tolltiesl life,
and to Impel «* to recrjgnlfe the extent of the ottuses aualmt tbe rights
won for ua by-onr forefathers, let ti*
uk«* UuU'tttUcu ti'-.-.'.v. ih*. Urid.U
struggle*   «f Ih* Mealcans, and tm
'."<!(tf*,»   /Mir   trfttt-i'*lfi'   tn\*'irti   !<k*   tuff
ii'i-».    \,m »* releSnitt  ".ie ;*..'*>''; t-A
llberl-r by ameri Ing It tn larger terms
{or   mr   «»"» *»d !«*" tmr   -ro*mr,»4es
]:,rro*H tb* nio ttrnnd*
Shiloh'* Gun
euteatt mxoem eousMa. twt-i covet,
i mutk.% im. tH*o*t ana' utann .» ^mt
Salvia Will
Grow Hair
^W^v
SALVIA, the flreat H»ir Tonic mK
l»re«li»iu win t<i*lt!velt" rraate an mw
growth of hair.
ff mn \titit ■,' biri* i herttrfffttf head1
ot I uir, free fwnt itantJniff, km AM*. I
Via   ,.iid watrl   ttte resnlt*. l
^.^I,VIA U -,niitr*titeed ftn ft*;" Ml*
isif iff and retw* the hatP W*»«»j
•oi MMtl rotor.     The    trruien*    tt'tlr •
S'l"f,r 'snnwa, \
Wnich ymr riir tf r l« falling' i*h^..
t -if,, dm',, yt tiVit *MdM»r m to***. *./,
t»e"tMi»d- ' l^;.
;   gAi.viA wrevaau ummtt by f»«''*"'-
lenina the hair to the root*.
:    SetiJ v  ItUf'ttdiArn »»r»iR Store.
—the juice from SUNKIST Oranges.
And Sunkist Oranges never were belter than now—
never so heavy witb juice, never sweeter or more luscious.
Highly flavoredi tender -meated—oranges probably will
never grow any finer.
Sunkist are tre«-ripened, glove-picked, tissue*wrapped,
and shipped right from Uie tree—so are always trash.
What other fruit is so good and good for you?
All dealers now have them, and prices are low.
SUNKIST Oranges
SUNKIST Lemons
....?.; .... ■     '   ■       >\        ■   ' f      7 ■"!■..
Try $aakist L«m«»g, too, nMNtaA. Tbem tn practically
••edlaai, Om bast looking tetmwi, Ult rkbatt in jak* md
ie flavor. Hit fkmkigt Lween jniea wbwo yoa tart bem
otlog vinefar.  8tt irtmt dtUekxn taof it add*.
B«Mrtiful Rom SMr is otwaiaahie ia nchugs for tto
wtamm ms ivn^sm vnwgSM nm utomtm. wvmsssf
our I<J pap Kbiloi. Duak .-thuwut-g 110 waya
ottmngbtdbtrnba. WellnneAmtVremh
•**^ ■..*■■
A* ttt
Kffl
/-V
V,
m Wmmfm PMrg :.|HPDPWn|| WMI JlPlI mmm Rl
1    I   ' '
,,,».„ iip
MWW^^W^
j^jdjgJj^^SSg
\
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0/AUGUST 8, 1914
/I'*
PAGE THREE
CONVENTION CA^L
Trades & Labor Congress of Canada
Office of Ahe See.-Treas.,
112 Florence Street,
' Ottawa, July 2, 1911.
Tq the Officers aud Meinbers of
Provincial Federations of L/ibor!
Trades ani Labor Councils, National   Trades   Unions,   Federal
."".Labor Unions and International
Trades Unio-13 in the Dominim of
Canada, Greeting:
Fellow Labor Unionists and Brothers:—flPbe thirtieth annual session of
the Trades and Labor Congress of
.Canada will convene in the Armories
building,, Barrack square, foot of
Carmarthan street, City of St. John,
.Province ot New Brunswich, beginning at 10 o'clock, Monday morning,
September 21, 1914, and will.continue
in session from day-to day until the
business of the convention has been
completed.
Laat year's meeting of the congress,
in 'the city of Montreal, was an unqualified, success. The place selected
and -the work done there contributed
to mark it as one of the ipost important of a long series of conventions.
This year the city of St. John, N. B.,
bas heen selected at the place of assembly. This bringB the congress to
the heart ot the maritime section of
the Dominion and will afford an opportunity for the people on the Atlantic coast to learn something of the
Importance of the great labor movement now going on in the interest of
the w&ge earners and will be marked
by the fuller consideration of many
momentous questions left uncompleted
last year. There will also be fresh
,and vital'if sue discussed.
The particular' attention of affiliated organizations Is called to Article
411,'Section 2, governing the introduc-
tloh ot resolutions, which reads:
"Seo. 2.—/That all resolutions for
', the consideration of the congress shall
«' he received by the secretary-treasurer
not later than ten days prior to the
opening of the convention, the same
to-be printed aud issued at the opening session of the congress. Resolutions submitted contrary to this section can only be introduced and dealt
with by -the congress on a two-thirds
vote of the delegates present. The
executive shall appoint a .committee
on resolutions from the' credentialed
delegates and said committee Btaall
meet at least one day prior to the
opening of tho convention for the
. purpose of considering all business
submitted to them."
As <the years pass, the' problems
that the congress has tp Btudy and
solve become more numerous, more
' complicated, more urgent and .more
v extensive in their scope. Even during
the past year many of the situations
which, at the Montreal convention it
was hoped wouldlbg_8oou ameliorated.
more accentuated and
of, improvement.'    At
men should come from   all   sections.
The'friends, of labor-must 'be "up andl
doing." Elect your delegates at once.'*
Do npt leave, that vital- duty to   the
last rhoment.   This year's   congress
must be strong, beyond the ordinary,
especially in the capacity and strength
of the delegates; Let nqLone moment
be lost—NOW is the tinle..
■Fraternally yours,
JAiM-IjS C.  WAT.TERS,
\ ■ President,
FRED BANCROFT,
Vice-President,   /
P. M. DRAPER,
Secretary-Treasurer.
Executive Coucil, Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada.
IMPROVED CONDITIONS
"The worker gets more money and
bas shorter "hours than he formerly
had." That is abatement made quite
frequently by supporters of the old
parties. They give tbe credit for tbis
state of affairs to their respective
parties.
As a matter of fact It is extremely
doubtful if tbe wage workers have
benefited at all in the past forty
year. Their hours are no shorter in
reality and^their pay is no larger.
Formerly* it is' true, -men worked
twelve hours a day and now they
work teq hours and sometimes eight
hours.   Is not this a shorter day?  -
-No. The worker ""today Ib just as
much exhausted after tbe 'eight-hour
day as he formerly was after twelve
hours.
In the old days men worked jyith
their hands and used their beads.
Theyplanned their work. There was
skill. There was change of position.
There was play- of muscles of the
body. The change from job to job
and tool to tool was a rest.
. Today the worker is set in front
a machine. He feeds a.press, or he
runs a linotype, or hetis tied to a drill.
He bas a few motions constantly repeated. If he works ten or twelve
hours he Is exhausted and the next
day he cannot give the output. The
masters thereupon find the efficiency
limit and make the workers work that
number of hours, A printer can do
as much work in eight hours as in,
ten, and the machines are not running
ten hours and consuming power. So
the printers get the eight hour day.
The wage slaves today with machinery spend up are as much worn
out in eight hours as they formerly
were In ten.    ,
In terras of nervous energy const! nwrt; -the ..-gnrkday—hss—BOt-beeir
Save grown
more difficult
St. John, this year, further considers
tion will be given to matters left unfinished last session, and in connection with which fresh difficulties
have arisen during the last ten
months. Among the subjects that*
will demand careful attention at this
year's convention may be mentioned
the following:
i. Dominion and Provincial legislation affecting labor Interests.
2. fThe repeal of the present useless
Allen Labor Law,
3. Enforcement ot the misrepresentation and monetary clauses of the
Immigration !<awa all the year round.
4. Consideration ot the Proposed
Eight-Hour Law,
5. .Pronouncement of the administration of the Workmen's Compensation Acts ia the*\arlous Provinces.
(i. Amendments to tho ■ Industrial
Disputes and Investigation Act,
7. Payment of wages on all railway, fortnightly.
8. Proposed amendments to the
Dominion Elections Act, abolishing
the 1200 deposit now exacted*, and
miking election day a public holiday.
v. 'The case for labor on old age
illusions aud penalon* for widow* witb
children In Canada, now pending before a special committee of the Dominion Parliament; and many other
features.
In last year's convention call It was
pointed un that labor was far from
having the monopoly of organisation
and that against its Interests there
are soma of the strongest and   beat
if you are foolishly self-willed, and
jour masters will continue to take
more out of your hide with every
passing year.-^-Cotton's.
GLYNN AND BISMARCK
tened one bit.
Ai for wagesi' the workers, it is
true, handle more money. But the
value of that money has sunk.
The value of gold nnd money is
based upon the amount of labor time
Incorporated ln its production.
formerly gold was hard to produce.
With pick and primitive methods it
took much labor to get enough gold
to make a five dollar piece.
Today many gold areas have been
[Opened up.   The Yukon, South Africa.
Porcupine and many other localtles
nre producing gold. ■
The gold is uot mined by hand, but
by power drills run by mechanical
means. Thu Hollinger mine Is run
by power drawn from distant waterfalls. '
In the refining of gold, processes
have been discovered which reduce
tremendously the laoor Involved.
It is safe to sny tha^ it takes only
one-fourth of the time to produce a
five dollar gold piece today "that It
took forty years ngo.
That means thnt If forty yearn ago
you or your father got a dollar a day.
yon would .hare io get tour dollar**  a i
day now to got ihe same iuiuiujh of
congealed ft bor lime.
Do you get It? Of course yon do
not. You think you have a Job away
above the average if you*get two dollars and a half a day.
To sum up, yon are as exhausted or
more exhausted with your eight hours
a day than  you were   with  twelve
The daily papers of July 11 all car-
ried the following:
Governor Glynn made a speech in
which he defended the Workmen's
Compensation Laiw.        * •    ■"
"This law will do more to throttle
Socialism in this State," he said, "than
all the sermons that can be preached
or all the editorials that can be written. Socialism has been marching
forward in this State and the only way
to stifle it is by this law." »
If this be true, then the powerful
Socialist Party in New York stand
Qonvicted of being composed of the
most fatuous fools in politics. The'
Socialists fought with all the nower
at their command to get some compensation law enacted. They fought,
and they still dp fight, for the enactment of all kinds of social insurance.
The Rochester convention of the Socialist Party denounced the compensation law. Because it is so beneficent that it renders the workers too
contented to listen to Socialist propaganda?   Not at all.
Tbe Socialists attack that particular
law because it is imperfect, because :t
13 nol beneficent enough, because it
C.01% not make them workers contented enough. t
Socialists would fight for any improvement in the lot of the workers,
even if it were to "throttle," even if it
were to "stifle" their propaganda.
But will it?
Thirty-five years ago_the Socialists
in German were about'as powerful as
they are in America today. The
"great" Bismarck, man of blood and
iron, saw menace to the Prussianiza-
tion of Germany in these men and women who thought in classes and in
terms of the world, rather than in narrow national lines. So this man
measured, his strength against social
evolution.
He gave the workers much of the
"immediate demands" of the German
Social Democracy. He thought that
would cripple socialism. He said
that, having granted what the socialists demanded, the Socialists "would
sound their -bird-call In vain!"
Then, to   make   assurance   doubly
Rure, he outlawed Socialism   and Socialist propaganda.
Twelve years later, beaten, humiliated, Bismarck stepped down. The
bird-call had not been in, vain.
"Ausnahmgesetze," or no exception
laws, the onward niarch of the German Social Democracy is one of the
most "super spectacles In all history.
Bismarck, the Iron Chancellor;
Bismarck, the powerful; Bismarck,
jthe-anakar-af-tha—German—Empirei-
this man pitted himself, backed by
the forces ot the State, the arlstoc-
- K 1	
WIPING OUT THE UNIONS*
■ <*   By Eugene V. Debs
When the United States Steel Corporation, known as the Steel trust,
was. organized some twelve years ago,
the question of the menace of organized labor was being discussed by the
board of directors, when John iPier-
pont Morgan, now Saint John, brought
down his clenched fist on the table before him, according to the report, and
bellowed with rage, "By God, we'll
wipe organized labor out of existence,"
or words to that effect.
' Events which, followed in rapid sue
cession proved that Morgan meant
what he said. The Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Plate
Workers ws then a powerful union.
It was sf.'i reduced to a wreck and
has nev^r -iuce heen able to recover.
Tlie Lake {■"eamen's Union was next
attacked and mett-be same fate. Then
followed tlie Bridge and Structural
Iron Workers, and now it is the
United .Mine WorRers.
This, in brief, Is tne campaign ot
slaughter and destruction, ruthless
and relentless, waged by the Morgan
Steel, Trust and Ihe Rockefeller oil
monoply upon the labor unions of the
United States.
•There is to be no quarter shown
until organized labor has been practically wiped out,, as AJorgan swore it
should be, and these colossal combines, piratical and soulless to the
last degree, are the absolute masters
of the situation.    v
That is what the miners of Colorado
are npw up against, and it involves
not only * the life of their organizations but the life of every other labor
union. s
- The slaughter of the unions was determined upon from the start by the
Morgan-Rockefeller interests, and the
war now being waged in Colorado
upon tbe Unite-d Mine Workers is the
culmination of a series of onslaughts
which have left ruin and desolation in
their wake, and if now the union of
the miners, the most powerful of them
all, can be smashed, the victory of the
Standard Oil Company and the Steel
Trust twill be practically complete,
and organized labor will lie prostrate
and helpless beneath the iron hoof ot
Its heartiest conqueror.
The mosOowerful'exploiting inter-
efts in this nation, the interests represented hy Jtforgan; Rockefeller a:rl
Wall street, are all bent upon winning
out in Colorado. They are kean-y
alive to tbe issue Involved there aud
are determined to strike the death
blow to organized labor in the
United1 States. If the miners are
beaten there and the United Mine
Workers is crushed and demoralized,
it will mean that labor has no right
to organize, that a labor union is a
conspiracy, and that .wage slavery Is
racy, capitalism, against the common
men and women of the working class,
and Bismarck bit the dust!
And now, a quarter of a century
later, comes Martin H. Glynn, and
strives to head off Socialism by-doing
what Bismarck did!
Where Bismarck was beaten, where
Bismarck was made the butt of the
coarse ridicule of common, low-browed
workers like Bebel—where will Glynn
get off? Will Glynn stem the tide of
evolution where Bismarck failed?—
Moris Williams, In the New York Call.
OWES M LIFE TO
"FBOII+IIIIES"
Cured Botli Stomach Trouble
and Headaches
Palmkrston, Out., Juns 20th. 1913.
"I really believe that I owe my life
to "Fruit-a-tives". Ever since childhood, I have been under the care of"
physicians and have been paying
doctor's bills. I was so sick and worn
out that people on the street often
asked me if I thought I conld get
along without help. The same old
Stomach Trouble and distressing
Headaches nearly, drove me wild.
Sometime ago, I got a box of "Fruit-
a-tives" and the first box did me good.
My husband was delighted and advised a continuation of their use.
Today, I am feeling fine, and a
physician meeting me on the street,
noticed my improved appearance and
asked the reason. I replied, "I am
.taking fruit-a-tives". He said. "Well,
if Fruit-a-tives are making you look so
well, go ahead and take them. They
are doing more for you than I can".
Mrs. H. S. WILLIAMS.
'•Fruit-a-tives" are sold by all
dealeis at 50c. a box. 6 for $2.50, trial
size 25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
DESIRE
What Would You  Do If You Had a
Million Dollars?
By Emanuel Julius
"What would vou do It you had a
milMion   dollars?"
I asked this question of a group of
the regulars in the regiment of the
ragged in the Bowery Salvation Army
Hotel yesterday. ,
"The first thing I'd do,' said Frank
Chase, who hopes to get a job laying
bricks, in spite of his fifty years,
"would ■ be—what's you say? A million dollars?"  ,
He paused. Gray-haired, wrinkled
Chase -wanted to do himself full justice, it was obvious.
"The first, thing I'd do would be to
get me a better room, with nobody in
't but me."
Warren, who has, muscular rheumatism, chirped in with:
"If I had a clean million, I'd see to
fit right away that I had hot water in
my room In the winter time."
"What would you do when you got
your hot water?"
"I'd 'take a bath whenever I needed
it: that's me."
"I'd eat every day just1 like as if it
was  Charistmas,"   O'Hara,   the  emaciated, enthused.
_ jj-qlsih-Paripri.      asthmatic     _^fih*nri_y^i
"RAISING
BE   8KIN.
equipped organisation^ in Canada and"ho"r,f ***. because you are sped up,
abroad. This grim 'truth becomes,"1"1 >'anp »»•!«• make far more
dally more apparent. The consequent I Pro""* "at of this eight hours' toll
is that a   proportionate   Increase   In I than tiny did out of tbe twelve hours*
•uuHiiy mud ** alibi ulu*>»» is tuiptii
atlve. in fact, would be highly useful
If a part of the attention or the eon*
ventlon were devoted to a serious
study of ths situation.
Thii la tha time lo elect your dele*
galea. Lag thaw bc carefully selected.
it ia important that active, Intelligent,
experienced and above   all   reliable
Jut m«r<) in vogue,
Your p-iy has ihrunkcn greatly. You
nre getting far 5m value in your pa}
envelope than your fathers did. And
being paid less, you are robbed to a
greater   extent   than   your   fathers!
Keep on voting the old i»rty tickets
8LAVE8   TO
NED"
WV.J, Batttlrahail, of Neepawa, Min.,
who recently filled In a birth registration form With sarcastic and fantastically irrelevant answers, has
been taken to Portage la Prairie to
spend fifteen'days in jail. Uattersliall
refused to take advantage ot the time
allowed him In which to return a registration form tilted,out in the proper
style.
Itnttprshtill ai^carcd to imve liad
more In bl* mln<! than mere levity, as
he'-was prepared to undergo punishment rather than recant, He appears
to be In revolt against social and economic conditions ln this Province, ami j
hi* answers wore designed to nerve a
protest.
One of his answers on the registration form was in reply to the question "Occupation of mother?" Bat-
terahall'a reply was "Raising slaves
to bc skinned." His other answers
were equally sarcastic.
U4U«<»fa*i« 'l» ■* larmttr and is not
by any means a wealthy man, He has
a Inn* family and It 1* said th*y wil!
have to stay out of school (taring Bat-
ttrshall's absence In jail In order to
beep up the work on the farp —Toronto flal]y.
tH-dlnny "status of~t¥e workingman
recognized by the law.
For these reasons the war of the
trusts upon the unions in Colorado is
war upon the whole labor movement
and every union man should stand
by the miners and every labor union
support them financially and otherwise, If only from the'sheer Instinct
of self preservation,
Tho railroad men can end this war
in Colorado within forty-eight hours
if they will but do it. Let them proclaim to the world that they are with
the miners and tliat the operators
must, settle with tliem or the traffic
of the State will bo paralyzed.
The railroad men have the opportunity In this crisis to strike the
blow for their class that will become
historic. The strike may be won
•without them. Wilh tbem It cannot
fall and the victory will be both
speedy and complete.
Will the railroad melt strike .the
jblow?
COURAGE,   BROTHERS
Courage! O'my faltering brother,
tTho' thy doubt-distracted soul
Grieves to see man's common mother
■Bearing bTethern whose sole goal
Seems, unhappy, to be,
J, JusO, have more than ihee.
For tomorrow, e'en tomorrow,
.Men will mold a new ideal.
One will share another's sorrow,
And serve the common weal.
Each will seek unselfishly; .
Then, not I am rich, but we,
--Will Summerbell, in X. V. Call.
The capitalists have used their utmost endeavors to keep the workers
from thinking of their economic conditions, and made those economic conditions almost unbearable. This is a
serious mistake on the capitalist side.
It spells annihilation for the system.—
Cotton's.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING   ROOM   IN  CONNECTION
W. HILLS,
. t
Prep
A. Macnell
S. Banwell
MACNEIL A BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,  Notaries,
Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
P. C, Lawe"
Alex. I. Fiaher
LAWE A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, R C.
SOCIALISTS FOR PEACE
are   for    international
What'd you do If you sot a million I
cast Socialims be tor pt&un if (dollars rlaht, nowT™ j
•Td buy you it fiddle, "Shorty,; Yd j
get it iwir of dancing slippers for;
'Skinny.' and I'd pay Mr, Pool the 10'
cents - you owe him: then I'd gtt If
Chase it belt* r room und a bath with *
hct wtter for nick Warren." *
"And how about me?" O'lfera In. 1
quired. V *
"I wouldn't torgei you, old man; j
I'd fix It «o's you eould eat every day j
Just like Cbmtutas.'
■IM FROM
TNI BANK
LANO-
Of INQ-
The bank of KaglaM haa the right,
eoramon with tam* other old established hasiaese, to tell barr hy retail. Thia power waa granted hy
charter ta IIM, aad it has never bom
uktm a*aj Uom It. Tit feaak eoald.
thtittott, lt it thee*, start ia business aa a paMie fewse toasorrew, or
it coold send ram* a special "Bank
of KagUad' kreod ef, say, iwttN
stout, delivered ia iia ova drays at
ytm mot, wtUk a faealarilte of the
Socialists
f.-JiHif,
Soilnlint* also stintie the elan*? war.
ito
we are engaged In tt war?   That Is a
question which iiirak'* many pertains.
We are for International.-!peace lie-
cause war* between nations tin* fought
In the Interests ot Ihe exploiting capitalists of a nation.  The workers are
the ones who go and get killed,   and
thi wiiiltalliiu are Ibe onus who reap
th* benefit.  In the South African war,
lii« *iti ki r» were roused by the patri- j
otic appeal and enlisted and dotted!
the vedtt with their dead rarcassen.;
After the war wai won, the worker* who ha-:! fought ner*: tetuaeA per-,
mission to »tay In South Africa and
work as slaves.   They were shipped
hack home while mlin front China
were Imported lo do Ihe work.
In the »e<ond place wsr d'atrarti
the attention of tkt workers from the
elaes war raging In society, and In
time of war the* mister rlass can put
Into foree terroristic tactic* tho asas*
of the people would aot stand for in
time of p*ee#.
We oppose Internal tonal war be
einse International war Interferes
with tbe waging td tbe tin* srar. If
est ions dl-tidr* along n»uot»*l l|a«a
and the (taaatoaa ef hat* aai warier
are rtmeed. then tirewell to the cooperative foBt-ntotweatth.
We aim at fh# willy of the working
elass of all nation ta oppos-ftf* 10
rt*m at****** alaaa al i«  **»,. *-*''    «»»■
ROYAL
HOTEL
PBRNIF
cackled:
"When I was a kid I always did like
to hear jigs i>layed."
I concluded that thut must have
been at least fifty yenn ago.
"And." "Shorty" continued, "If 1
was to get a clean mil*Ion right now,
I'd first of all buy ma a fiddle ani
take lesson-i on JifcK."
■'X',x on that ,'Short ■/,." Bill Pools,
the ex-sanit/ler. e&tlnlued: "befor-j
you begin squandering that mi'lioii
you'd have to pay me that dime you
owe me—"
"Sure I would. I'd j,ay it nov If I
ha.l it to sparo—"
"You've Ind It about three montht,
I eculd use that dlmo right now."
"Skinny" Tom, the umbrella u.c-nd-
er, said:
"I ain't seen my   old   wom»n for
nine years."" He seemed to be sozinfff
beyond us.    "If I  had that mll'io.i,
I'd hunt her up and gi*\*t her a pre.*
ent "
"What would you sive her?" I Inquired.
He answered quickly, as though hts
mind were made up for a long time:
"A pair of shiny dancln' slipper*."
"Aw, lie's gettin' mushy, "Shorty"
blurted; "he get* that way onest in a
while."
"Say!"   "Shorty"    glared    at    me.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Jvepylhing	
Up-to-date
Call in and
see, us once
JOHN P0DB1ELANCIK. Prop.
Vfo Are Ready to Scratch
off you*- bill any Item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus ln
This Lumber Business
When you -want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you huy
first-class lumber wa don't slip in a
lot ot culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't en.
counter if they bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE ANO YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite C. N. Depot P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electrir Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. I. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fir* Proof Sample
Room* in ConnediM
yvwwyw<w^*w^>i^»w^vA^^«^^^*»w<»'MWW^yy»*>»Mywww«tfwy>
TTIJ17    T T 7 A T   T% /"\ T% T*
™* WALDORF
"He*, put you're
raid ii Hex*.
a liberal   guy!
MOISTIN COAL BEFORE UtINO
Fuel Should Be Thoroughly Dampened,
to Secure Extreme Value ef tha
Protfutt fer Heating
Dry coal does not produce as much
heal aa eml that Is roaslderahty
damp, ft ia, of fours*", a tnh that a
greater heat makes the fuel mora valuable, and It ia asaentlal to know how
to eerurw th* »oat from ordinary fuel.
Coal thai ii to tw burned In a fur-
nat*. *tov« or a grate for immolate
beat will prodaea MMrty t>ne-f*«rth
mor* heat when wet than »h«n dry.
Coal that la to fcs placed in a atova
or tuiuM* to ha ekMMMi oj. »<> ss toj
produee a loag-eoattnutd. moderate
heat, will nntdare e little mor* that
ona-thlrd more haat it there is t4*»ty
of nolstai*, than osn he secured If
tha oust Is real* dry.
l-arw lamps td toot tee Im soaked
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L, A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan    Electric Light -
Hot & Co(d Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
CsitMBi Rib Iini Kiln
MtaaiVpttFts
AnmHcu PUi taut
StOOprDgjr
chief   eaabtora    ehmetur*   tm   tk*
Umm ot 00m bwm aa a gwarastM of Id* this fa «f*»r that, tbrwnm mlta,\no* the tt#*t wi« *• twretewl antiv
i-.it,: 4.   U« nknm nod nmemi  in »\.iinm * white moy exoetkrom tb* ■**•■* \
Paul"* Cttlttifal tta also lay clalai j Oetariea ot rent, taiefwM and pwfH.
to a ff»H»r t*ttfle-a»„ «iR» tihe trig** f   tb****** **# la m to tm twtto bj
la addition to brow their own beer, anus If il is pWMtla to avoid it. tm
Psala brew Sottas fennerly stood at;Men d»riar*it rtttt forre is the mid-
thiaaipa are eotd
ffi» rnaatt-r -nt iHttt *t,ttt..,9,
Ctmemt ttm the charthyard.
•a iww ot ketvwt stxty «»j atv-
eaty «il«<m« of -*iraage alt" vera
btewM there wmtf mt. The sale of
■S *,**Y*L**» ***tem ta tht Ca-
.*'.     * ...   1.    .:...+-99     v.*.   kH*,\9tk  Ml,   «*fcj*|
wreiatie*. aa4 -»«waally anas nay
kitm to I* MM*. Tht sorters et
Colorado and Ihe vert art Mag
forced 10 the appeal (« irai ly the
crate*! Hsft9t.nl af tkt ptlftleal
rights tf the wotktrt m tit part tf
tk* m.n^tr cf.i..v *ilt*f *h»tt Mm-J a*
BEAOV T© QUIT
'U. u        W* «"»»' tntmrnjttffieal p**i»^«
em.ilim^l T *H?T!    *** m 9tit m wwfc* te 'b« «*# *»
imKe. «r ilt **' •** '*** liW,,, '*♦ •#i*,w fr****
V* mi u •* *• ***** » em
Ibemnem ot twftn  if** ^W^f*fc,#'*iw***a*l,«i,*«.--<^»«U
*«»BWtp«w m* AlWtU dtriet to*»
mm. tm teem et tftat «rm'
this t» mm* in ttmtm wk*r*\
ia   stores   tighly
** tktm* tnewm m *lir-
tight tamseta.
Stvtral palls of vattr thrown orer
n t«*» ed tatel «f!» iw*r*n** tt* ft*!-^*-'*
enm^^mebwt etm ih« d**M*MilkAWM<Mk0>
ilWIIf tw UNI vBmmmWf~wW'
Coal win totra hrlsfcly la wet and a!- j
■met airle-es ataes. and It is aaM th*
heat is iatttea,
Wbne there ia a fire and tbe coal
piit h«raa. It is difflcalt tt draws that
partita af ttoa fir* with water.
Wt m!«*t as wall teenr* n twm td
xbn beat stored ia karats* vattr **,
to pentH It all to tt enmttd--Ctont!
»W«**»<• mknb t«*> *»'«>*»» itm i**-**,*
■kirn toman toond. eaaWt tke tsptoetr'
mmm    BoiiOVUO   Hotol
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
mm—9—m~mmmmmmmmtm.mmmmmmmmimmm*m^ammmmmmmmmmmmmmam—mmMmmmm
Beat Aceemmodstlen In tha Pass.—
-UMt-O-ete — titer/   Ctnvtwltwec—
Mtatttttfii **9*tt*<on.
Ob'tidbitA tit A  UXtiibb AAV **»4Hfl,BMilf
0. A. OALLAN, Pfp.
•CLl^VUK, AIU.
HJJB'tU""'lW
The
t'*'"'e-e"
•flseata, hlsrk lag.
'ttn*—Getteti'a.
Ol,
Um |tys ef
tt  th#
ShlhtiiGun
tktwmnnMEEzz*
mmmiDi. ess1
Pit wmeneji mm ~           -
Napanee Hotel
tfiroti wtw makacewemt
rm mm iip.t5.oate worn in the ott
8tc«i H«aat*d-Hot ami CoW Wattr
Loe*J awi Long Diatatice Ttkphotw
•••if nem—oempie iuNNU»ac!ig
owbtbtt Litfwits etin Ojgfs.
itkil*:-m0it.a'.:4 tm up* P• *m..*T
es Otmt twaa* at Wf natal ata t*rat§tt
m auMHta. ^ t-.titui. ••. mnii imi-m.
Ot«t ttern, femie, ■. C
AMUKAII fiAH. tAttf
A. P. WINTERS, Mgr.
1 aaaaaamaa
^P"
■flffM--HMapMBMMMB^BBMpi
TOW^-WpspoapsssOWP
^■P
■Wl
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., AUGUST 8,1914
Published every Thursday evening at its ^ office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
rAjgcv
THE LEDGER AND THE WAR
So far as thc Ledger is concerned, we have but
une policy, and tliat the condemnation of war.
The workers of the world have absolutely nothing
to fight for, they have tio quarrel. The fact that
Germany or Russht has a ruler that is despotic or
irresponsible constitutes no logical reason why the
workers should kill one another, and we have yet
to be shown -lhat the worker will have better conditions under the Germans than he has under the
British or B. C. Government. Remember the Island
fracas! We realize tliat when the froth has blown
off the present patriotic spirit, when men are being
destroyed by the hundred thousand, when cripples, widows and orphans are being made at the
rate of thousands per hour; when men realize all
the suffering, brutality and- anguish of war, then
possibly the great Christian people of Kurope who
have built thousands of churches and spent millions of dollars converting heathen (!) will decide-
there shall be no war. Then, perhaps, churchmen
will realize the nauseating mockery of their religion—the blasphemy of the whole business. Oh.
the shame! that we, with a civilization so far advanced must war—legalize murder—cut men's
throats—shatter them and disembowel them with
shrapnel and high explosives—tear off limbs—
bljnd them—that we mustt be obsessed with one
desire—TO KILL!   TO KILL!
Rosseau was right when he wrote that civilization had had a tendency to corrupt rather than
elevate. If you question this, observe the attitude
of the Christian churches today; observe the meek
and loving attitude of the Christian clergy_in one
country towards another. Peace! "Why. human
intelligence never conceived a more blasphemous
or ludicrous situation for our Christian churches
than that which prevails today.
"Russian priests bless troops and pray for victory!" Thus says the daily press. And we suppose
the German warlord will command his clergy to
tio likewise, and they'll do it. And the French
and the English will also exhort the Deity to favor
their arms. The person responsible for these remarks may be looked upon as unpatriotic and tin
unbeliever! An unbeliever'in what? Murder! Ves!
The slaughtering of men, thc creating of widows,
orphans and cripples, fhe burning of homes? Yes!
Oh, the glories of the fight, when our navy engages the enemy, we will beat them to h~! When
our army is engaged we shall wipe 'cm out! liut
wipe who out? Well, if you are a British subject,
the Germans; if a Gorman subject, the British!
And remember it is tlint same army that thoy sent
ngainst yon, to wipe you out, when you kicked for
a little more of the comforts of life! It is danger*
tins io write against public seiitiineitl at such limes.
when men are talking of "laying down their life
for their country." (Some ncvpr stop to think tlmt
they need not go to the front-Aieai'Iy two hundred
bud down their lives for their Job at Hillcrest a few
weeks ago.)
After forty years of pence, Kurope hns let ttKiso
her wnr dogs. In spite of Mr. Carnegie and his international peace; in npiie of the gtn»d offices
of Womlrow Wilt-son. they ur*' nt tote another'n
tluvut. Already thvv lmv<- A-^wa tt* bury mru m
kIiiiIIow trenches; already widows have mourned
llteir detail children, their f.tliiH*-.; already I here*
are those who have begun ttt curse the pat-Mum and
avarice «f mino thnt made jitmsilili' xtn-lt mifferiiig.
sueli tragedy. But tln» wnr hns just begun; nnd we
nre nbout to experience the bloodiest nml most win-
guine war ever experienced in the history of the
world, nnd beside which previous wnr* will be skirmishes, We know thnt in spite of our civilisation
ir«< nn* to experience whnt Hrf-Mcau in bi*
"Dimeotime on Kqiiftlity" deaeribe* as " , . . those
national wars, thm battle. Huh* murder*, thn>««*
r.'|>r'iM»K which make nature shudder and shock
mmont hi art all thmr horrible pwjndiw, which
iiihUc it « virtue ami au houor to shed huttuiu
blood. The worthiest of mw learned to **»mi<to
the cutting the throats of their fellows as a duty;
at length men began to butcher each other by
thousands'without knowing for what; and more
murders were committed in a single action, and
more horrible disorders at taking of a single town
than had been committed in the state of nature
during the ages together upon the whole face of
the earth." These words were written nearly two
hundred years ago! And our advanced state of
civilization—Oh, God! So far advanced that we
have every Christian country 'praying to the same
God ifor victory! Begging that He permit them to
murder more o'f their foe that victory may be theirs.
God is not mocked! No; one might almost say,
"only in the Christian churches today." The
blasphemy of the thing is enough to make men
••toon sane consideration shudder.
Kor forty years have the great European nations
stoo'd armed, praying with the most Pharisaical
hypocrisy, for peace, but adding to their armament
each day; watching, waiting for an opportunity
—an excuse—for war! At last the>' have,it. And
the object, a little, insignificant nation to the south
of Austria, Servia; the cause—nothing more than
a,desire on the part of one nation to bully the
smaller. With the advanced logic of our •twentJieth
century civilization, there will not be enough men
killed in this war between Austria and Servia, so
we drag in the whole of Europe and kill a few hundred thousand more—to prove thc justness of our
cause.
Thc worker has gone from the plough, tho bench,
the office and the store—to kill. What for they
do not know, without it is that they have had it
drilled into them, from the first moment they
opened a book to learn their letters, that the Emperor of Austria (or any other emperor, for that
matter) is a vile creature and must not be permitted to reign. Or perhaps it is they are taught
to fight for thc "Flag!" Nothing more than the
honor of the flag. And to uphold the honor of a
few yards of cotton it is necessary to kill a man
he never met or knew; to create orphans and
widows, to burn homes and even outrage women!
What glorious sanity! What civilization—surpassing even the wisdom of the beast of the field.
During thc Russo-Japanese war of 1904 the Jap
anese arc credited with a loss in killed, wounded
and captured of 167,400 men, while-Russia is said
lo have lost 388,500 men. Thc South African war
cost Great Britain 20.000 men. what will be the
cost of the present Avar? What will be its consequences? If it results in a general disarmament,
then it will not have been in vain.
ONTARIO COMPENSATION ACT
(Continuee from Page Oue)
that they could noi ask for too much
•-the best, on earth wis not too good
for the worker. He thought the
rate of the Ontario Aot was much better than the rate of tha Washington
Act, which was $20 per month for permanent injury. He preferred a rate
based pn wages to the fla: rate.
The speaker pointed out to his hearers just what this - meant to the injured worker in B. C, who received
a paltry $1,500, and when this was
gone became a burden on the ratepayers or charity. In Ontario, it a
man earning $200. per month was
permanently injured he would receive
$100 per month for life, or nearly a's
much in twelve months as the B. C.
Act Rave altogether. The limit placed
by the Ontario Act was $1200 per ,ir-
num.
.The speaker also called their attention to the faot that the act embraced
for the first lime in legislation of
this kind certa'r. industrial diseases,
including miners' asthma'.
Bro. Bancroft concluded with an
earnest exhortation for unionists to
unite ■ upon one platform in their efforts to secure legislation along these
lines. They united .in Toronto and
secured what they wanted. Here in
B. C. they had all the material they
required and it was their duty to secure such a compensation act (or better) for B. C, as they had obtained in
Ontario.
Many questions were asked of the
speaker at the conclusion of the meeting, all of which he answered to the
satisfaction of the meeting. *,
District .President "W. L. .Phillips,
who acted as chairman, humorously
remarked that he thought it was almost advisable to take a journey to
Ontario and risk an accident, the
compensation was so generous. Seriously, however, they had that night
listened to a very instructive leoture
and he thought that they could not
do better than try to secure for B. C.
a Compensaion (Act along tne lines of
the Ontario Act. ,
After the usual vote of thanks, the
meeting adjourned and a meeting of
Gladstone Local was immediately
called, tor which most of those present remained.
WAR! WHAT FOR?
A Message to Organized Labor;
Fellow Worker: Have you declared
war? df not, why not? If you are not
already, fighting there, is something
wrong. The battle of the workers of
the world . did not commence' this
month;-nor will it finish this year.
The worker, consciously or unconsciously, is forced to battle against
the most tyrannical opposition that,
ever existed during the history of
civilization!
We are struggling for jobs. The
struggle is ever becoming keener, owing to the,.fact that the workers are
rapidly being displaced by machinery,
consequently the army of unemployed
is dally increasing. No worker can
dispute the tremendous effect the
jobless have upon the wage of those
who are fortunate enough to own
jobs.
Hence the battle to live, even of
those who are working.
This is war of the classes.
This week we find that there is
every possibility of an European war
such as the world has never witnessed before.
iMany of us will rapidly recognize
the fact that there is euch a thing
as- Inherent patriotism, even the semiconscious worker may feel at this
time that he ought to rally under the
standard of his particular country,
and help it to flghit its cruel enemies.
Fellow workers, ask yourselves
these two questions: Where is your
country?   Who are your enemies?
Your   answer,    if    class-conscious
WAR Continued
should be: I have no country,'and
my enemy is the capitalist class; not
the workers of any country.
I - would earnestly .request the
workers' who read,this to' seriously
consider the foregoing1, and let, the
members of the various organizations ask themselves this question:
What fights have I with my brother
in tbe organization who happens to
speak a somewhat different-'tongue
to myself?
Cosmopolitan though we are, have
we not found out, that those .who employ us are equally cosmopolitan?
Capital, is brought into Canada from
various countries. , We know not
who Is our employer, and have we
not banded together, irrespective of
creed, color or nationality for the purpose of bargaining collectively, or,
in other words to arrange working
conditions and prices in a bunch together instead of each of us making
different arrangements. By so doing
are we not 'banding ourselves against
a common foe, and have we not recognized the class distinction in society?
(Brother workers, of all hatloqalitles,
kindly remember we have no quarrel.
We have in all countries, those who
are able with glib'tongue and eloquent
verbosity to chloroform the ignorant,
making him feel that other nations
than his own must be conquered; that
his native country Ib the only place
•where Uie 'worker has freedom and
equality given him.
It is said that lit Is a glorious thing
to fight and die for your country, etc.
Politicians nhoiit this twaddle dtt
the various rostrums until' they are
hoarse, and, mark you, they mostly
stay at home to shout their bunkum
and get' others to do their fighting.
If there is honor and glory attached
to fighting and dying for your c-mtn-
COMPENSATION
COALHURST NOTES
The mine is working steadily here
now, and .from the reports we expect to remain working: steadily for
at least a few months.   The officials
>
(Continued from Pace One)    -
chief matter taken' under advisement
by him is working out ot plans' tor
sending 150,000 troop to 'Belgium to
assist King Albert ln repelling Ger
man invasion. Lord Kitchener issued
two decrees, signed by King George
ln«t night. One revoked the measure
prohibiting the Importation of arms
Into Ireland. This measure was passed
when the Home Rule crisis developed.
OTTAWA, Aug. 6.—The British
Government wli lsend all prisoners
of war to Canada. They can be maintained much more cheaply In this way
than in Britain, and a part of the Canadian forces who are not required
in Europe will guard the prisoners.
They will be placed well Inland, so
that escape will be almost impossible,
try, let those who say so, h*v$ it
.This is the time in Canada that
the class-conscious' worker of every
nation has a duty, to .perform. If we
recognize'' otir~position in society,
then let ue help all our fellow workers
to recognize their position, in-order
that our' emancipation may become
that much nearer. We must not
blame, nor .scold the worker who does
not see eye to eye with nB. iMayibe he
has not had our advantage; but rathei
let us patiently explain the whys and
wherefores of it all. . \
Let us, as 'workers, remember this
point, -that while the war is raging
in tho various countries, the class war
that ! have referred, to is going on iu
every part of the globe where there is
the employed and the employer, or
the master and slave.
<No diplomatic armistice can be arranged between these two forces. No
Hague conference can bring these opposing forceN together., Much as the
politicians and spellbinders may
lecture about the identity of Interest
between capital and labor, we'know;
as thoughtful men,.such can never be.
iMuch can be said about the honor
of war, but the dehumanizing efitect
of it must -be apparent to any rational and properly civilized pereon.
War is 'barbarous to say. the least.
General Sherman summed it up
splendidly when he said, "War is
hell."
Hence, let us determine as brother
unionists that the present war -be
fought by those who persistently advocate It. The spoils of war are not
ours. Our share is the widow, orphan and cripple.
Let us, -for once, be sane'enough
to preach the abolition of war, not the
continuation of it.
BON AMI. 1
Grand Uniort Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-/ Proprietor
jL.
Fred Bancroft told some very plain truths on
Sunday last when speaking upon the Ontario Compensation Act, and there are i'ew of us who do uot
realize that we lrntsrt force some further measure
of relief for those broken on the wheel of industrial progress and their dependants in this Province.
The master class do not desire accidents, but
■the question of profit and loss enters so largely
into their falctilation today that they are compelled
lo sacrifice safety to prof Ms, and tho worker is in
exactly the wane position, with this exception: not
only does he not desire accidents, but he eannot
afford.' them. If lie is unfortnimt-e enough to be
injured, he must be incapacitated for seven days
(in most Provinces, although in Alberta compensation starts from d»y of injury) beforo he cah
claim. Here is his first loss. Further, he gets
about 50 per cent of his earning, while in some
eases only 20 per cent. Therefore, so far as thc
worker is concerned, he cannot afford to take risks,
Tlmt ho is compelled lo take risks if he would llold
his job, is acknowledged, for if the worker should
kick at conditions and refuse to work, the conditions of tho labor market are such that the em-
pl*»yer will find a dozen men to fill Ids job.
The only course to pursue is to make It ti costly
matter for the tmtployt'i' to havo accidents, and this
is whnt the Ontario Act does.
Another point, and one we should not lose sight
of, antl thnt, it is ptHir consolation to tho dependants of killed and injured workers to promise them
the social commonwealth in thtt future.
Tlu' {Hiw.it{mm iw nut lir,'ljiw,l ntii' fota by our philosophy, fur their need is immediate. N'o intelligent
thinker will look upon it coinprn*«titm m-i Vth*
Ontario lins secured as a sop or a palliative. It is
not: it is a dUtittft advance along the lines «f tl««
rwt clans legislation, Hy taking the control tu:
of private hands ami placing the State at the li'ittl
of their compensation funds, the Ontario workers
hnv.« tu pushed u real advance. M the worker* unite in their effort to swnre legislation of this
kind in ItritWt < ..liinibin and the ftov«'riilueiit will
jp«t a very wh<il<"*som« respect for the laltor ■movent** ni
ltro. Itattcroft jrtiSntwl out  that  the five yei»r«*jit}> »t the aest meeting of the dads to
nt niggle for this aet had done more to twlto labor
tu Ontario than preylou* effort on their part, nnd
what has h«*n p-oaoihle In Ontario should also be
-j.ow.iMe in Ilritlsh Columbia.
hired quite a number ot new men for.
a week or two, but now have about the
full capacity of their roof (200), and
only hire on to replace men quitting,
, Saturday, August 1st, was the first
full pay day this year, and everybody
seemed to be eager to get their hands
on a few greenbacks once more. >
A party of our lanky element traveled to the old camping ground at the
river-bottom on Sunday and iwe are
under the impression they had a very
good time. Returning home, they
sang "Onward, Christian Soldiers,"
with something about a bullfight for
the chorus.
Willie Roach and Chapereau returned to Conlhurst Sunday- evening, after
a short vacation, spent on the green
Hills of Virginia, far away.
Teddy Rerlands had a narrow escape from losing hts property by fire
on iMonday. Some children had beei.
playing around his barn, where s
quantity of feed was stored and in
some manner it caught fire Just after
the children left and was almost instantly a mass of flames, and being
within a few yards of his house, was
quite dangerous. Luckily for Teddy,
the water man was close by with a
tank full of water, and succeeded In
preventing further damage.
'Monday night, when it was announced tbat the Star Bloomer Girts were to
play tbe local football team a game,
everybody was anions ta see what
tbe girls were like. It turned out to
be some of the boys fixed tip In female attire, but a game was played,
and the collection went for the benefit of Steve Buslla. a young man who
MALTA, Aug. 6.—British torpedo
boats have captured and brought here
a German Levant steamer.
LONDON, Aug. C—The decisive bat-
ties ln the Franco-German campaign,
according to Peplngton, a court wai1
correspondent of the Times, will take
place between August 16 and August
22. The advance of the main German
masses cannot begin before August 14.
Encounters of the next ten days will
only be combats covering the troops
whose mission It is to protect the
sone of concentration of the main
army.
HERE IS A SQUARE DEAL
aud peaceful security as well.
With a polloy In our oM Une
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit Uie enda ot the
earth and you know you're secure.   The best in
FIRE INSURANCE
"Ts^aiways'oaeapoBtrwnu-especi"
aUy so iwhen lt doesn't cost
higher. Don't de'.ay about that
renewal or about that extra insurance you want tmt oome right
in at once and -bave It attended
to. *
M. A* KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK.
FERNIE, B. C.
LONDON. Aug. 6.—The Pall Mall
Gazette, today makes public report*
current tn the city to the effect that
the heavy selling orders from Germany during the past week or two
were really a deliberate attempt to
smash the London market and cause
it scare In the financial and coramer*.
cial world so as to keep Great Britain
out of the war. The newspaper says tt
hears that the sum of $10,000.00 was
expended, or had Been arranged to
be expended, for this object, with the
cognizance of the German Government.
PARIS, Aug.0—A substantial cash
prize will go to the French soldiers
who capture the first German flag
taken In the war. Paul Chanter, manufacturer of flag* In Parle, yesterday
has been cHppled tip for a year andloffemj a r<$ward   9t   5,000   francs
Lh,Uf tlr.ou!^ ^.^"L '".J!1:1 <*».«*» «« »»» rmmlmm, uo matter
of what rank, *who wrests from   its
bearer the first -standard,
mine. $27 was renllsed and turned {
over to the lad, who seemed quite j
pleased the way things turned out.]
Tlie people who oa id teemed satisfied j
also, as they got quite a bit of ftt|» for
their money.
Our yard engine crew and a few
othor* who happened to le around,
got quite a bit or fun on Monday,
when some fellow, thought at the
time lo 1>«» a "bo," Jumped the local
freight to gft a quick ride to Winn
and waa Pitched In the mudliole at
the end of the dump, Said "bo"
proved to be th* Reeve of the village.
'AY hope be «til bring   something
get »«rh quagnii rr* removed, es be
evidently bad a quirk Introduction to
on* bed place In tbe village limit*.
Indeed to find a meaiber ot tbo rnbk
^BUSs'i'"nyx-.-~».-.-...-Jts..~x. ' ...j.|.,***.-ajij*|wimi  «o*  <w   to* **.*mmitnut*  •"*-**•#
tn« hu»iur> tn ton wotws aim out t**t*», >'^'1  '*■*«'vW *j;*i*.v. , .*• _ Jjah-iM/  Uh*'
tbat tbe Vente CaenntiMtn *•»{•«••• «* )»1* Aa*oek«k*.   The Con-
tte -toilless*** nt* tht nwk*-* wHlMtuiir W*t»vn I^Sgrr, Ft«It. I*. t,'.it-to*tio*«i ils no JUNdt'twd m to try tol-tormm* Partly lit «h» «M 'imemt.
Bounced for   Sunday.   Aogbat   Ht.l   la tb« bulletin of war news publish- manufacture   party   eapHat, and   to «be*gb In   opposition,   hae   dropped
4'«M»nthMi et Holy Vnmom»lA&,, b:3dla^ ky <be V*tml* Kee* l'rmaa om Oir) mummttttMrr    it    oot    tbli    t«-nrll»l# ]P««r    differences   In    far*    Ot tba
a, m   Martins, ttertmm awl Molt emr-fAtti tnet., ts printe-d an exrtwmw-«*»• {rrtttt.    To mMltona ot <peopt«,   ta#,■*•■»»•«   •*» *>t.    *.**,»** **»• «»■»■»•*
nititi 11 am
»*nncM, 7:30 p   *a     Btir.day  rrbo-nl,
Z *e ,'. m.   Teache.-**' r.eettgg wtrt be
k*td tr tbtt char h a« T p, ss. m Vn*
*M)    II K, t». Robertson, Re«t«r.
CHttttT CNUWCH, PlftNIt, •. C   \      DtCINCY   AND PATftHmtM
I
A,
Eren'r g Pr»f er ont gram between tb* conservative Ae-
eeetatton and tbe Minister of Mllltla.
Tbe most charitable foastrnetlon to be
pSaceit on tit* nendlnR of tbeM outre-
Died  Oa Aagaat   Ub.   tbt tafturt
t Mr. jail Mr:.    Uixim ^rV*»,
war means r»l«. deaolatUm and death, iConservative Aaiertatlon. wbwa patty
To tbe femle CJonaerratlve Aeaoda j«« *» power In Canda, do ea aMWbf
tion It means only an incident to be |   Thw> is an ugly word applied to
turned to party advantage; wmetblng, Individuals wbo. In time of »ar, at-
«JU x.
geoas mesMgee l» tbat tb* persons tbat tbey ran bawl from the bastlaga' ««»■# to make tbe male's necessities
A-, ibt tttat «t«tt«tt. 'Mie npiwrmnfry   of   entfrnttmrnm.
rer wbat otbtr *s*u» «*»« k*  s*il*»t tbe feraie Conservative Aseocta
U,,» i.'Wmi^UU nl,,*,   «f.:Ii2'.i  UN:  cart-  fra?  ?!k  nm* *w*
tmt'i-*J4ii'.i.s.i4. iAtt.m -lii' mi i'***U^.«    '.'....•
seftottsne** td the preastt tiuuilMi. f
Mn1   -vi,ihi ,<in   i* tbe win'   tliimi i. * ><ir»-ti  l,»v
«... u.   .-.. -—.  .-..-.     ...~ ,      m*,,   *.,i,|rtl „,n   M  inr  mm,'   iitit.m , <. »,ir»-ij   i»i   «».»   ,ri«»i»v»i>.  «„.«■»     ,„,..»..   ....       *.-        	
aged ftwt amain* aad lonttme *fe.j|, ,h# „„50fr «, mt „« umA nmrninnmnmrnt     Wbr   are   tke     many* may flti* be eppiM to tbeai..   Ttm
Tbe fvaera! «tfS be WM em Tbmrnmy
ttfternoon, from tbe PtotAtytetbrn
tdmrtb, n*t. M   It   MeQwarrte «•«**•
Alibi,',*
fn*0—tin Meeoa* snd, tk* -tut******
mn of Mr *•« mm. Vrnmb ttoetptm,
mud nw    -swnttiti    *«d    tir*<n*j--wji
4*1 n.  tb* twaetvl •»» bM tnm tbe'aras* !* the wlwi *<*•**.*• et tatty
Catboik ebv-ftb   «•    Moadtoy.   Hew, pertmn J»*lo» wider tte Rrttitit nag,
rttmr WW**** etTkbtilot f   It H ta tbto etetwew* m«*w»«->
A «*** km b**n twmtetwrad mkiPkUbttdon tor tbelr ktn4 idt*r" tuoi by*are, oo dembx, patriotic etaowgb, bit
uirecr* hundreds of ttlRkm* ot peo- the minister to the ConservsMve .u-^bajr bsve permMed tbemsetve* »
pie.    Perka'ps   befow   mtn)   tacts*eortttMT   Wtty, wbm tk* Amrtg.}?** paMjr n«taMag» nm   Tbere em
km** pttaned, mr properly, ver lite-. lien deettatf tm ..tbls   •**{».  4W tliey, ouay ttttttmt u
nkw*,4,   «/«f    MalMMMl   »*Ul*»nt*»»      Ml , (but «M «*W<» Uk Uk* tUUUU'j   X   Mi* , A.  '-,J.i4t:t'  W   V'l'lIUt'.,»'r for
Item and bonor mt be trnpertlMi. j tbe* tk tbofr <gHHM( tdttf*   Th*r»»«f tbelr   iwmtry,   b«t   »bo
Yletnry of detent    of   tbt*    MrHUSt I Is only om nnnw*r to then* <»ttt'»ti<ni«.' utrongly obJ«-t t to ibe Pernie Confer*-
' Party tdTtiWag-e '*"**•   Aeeoeiattott   ect in*   as tbelr
Tbls f#»er tt atrtWen t» ao t»*>,ty *| araeears.   Ywtre, ott..   f
■   It H tn tbto wnpmn* mtm*nt   t*t eOtt*    1 tblak tt ttnnM be *HfTt-r»tt * S, nANWKLf*
Pm»> *bt» wmU.
hi« ifefWra* •
1313    1 JTI. JE#JRL 1 <vJC#   AvwAvm
rmmWmKMClimtttmmcturmTtkmektrm
SPEClAXe!  8Aturd»y M»Uiit« and Kvcain^
Girl Jumps from Horse to Cab of Moving Engine in
The Prairie Trail
Two reels Biaoa drama.  Tbere la aome wMtAartol ftgbttng Ixtween Uve ladlauaaiwi tbo »bite»,»
„.**/* *«■*+ «<,r»« -tm v«^t«* etn -twrnon-btwrn ber ktm* to a t-nwtnt trata. a wealth of plctoraaoao oift-
\nm end f*nntne mmaneo a ttfaiitr.
EXTRA SPIOIALI Wod.aThur^ Aug 12-13
Eugeftfi Wtlter1* Mtkter piece tnd Greatttt Soccctt
PAID IN FULL
Five gripping parts; IIO dtomatlc eeonea.   Tbe gntt lifo oaaaoo theatrical hit, faaturiag
Tttlly MtflhftK   *•* »nmUrn bt tbo ortglual Braultar wat  An All-Star Feature
tnj**uw*rwuVTjTjn " * '" *-**"** ■■*■*■* *-i*»« ■-.*. ■ - - ------ «f.. - ■
COMING OOMINO COMING
Tbe Great GOLD SEAL S*»i*l
Lucllo Love,. Tho Girl of Mystery
nrte«n toauliawwtt of two tmtt eaeb.   Tbe gretrieM atotlog p4etarei settai ever prod-seed. BtetiM
featwe ta «t#r ia of tbo leading papers la tba Untied flutes «ad Ca«a4a.   Oue insUllnent n onnb
for fttiram weeke, «« a oot atgbt. A gfoot plotoro td adf'ooiiio.bj* a faoogkisoil aotbor, aoi
by tb* t'aiveroal Co., tte gnttm.. mtrttow jrt'^nre remrern W» *b# wort*,
ntert** anddatoe. '; ■• ■
Tbo AStt Oeltwre THI 6000S AU THt TIMS
Waieb tor -HetraMe *Hh THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, AUGUST 8,1914
PAGE FIVE
District Camps
?/-
TABER NOTES
The .regiular meeting of Local 102
takes .place on Sunday, all* members
reauested to attend. \      "    ' '     ,
;War is. the chief topic oh the
•streets the last few days*. A number
of. the. foreign element have received
word from their consuls to go back
home and fight, hut. the great majority
realize that tbeyj have nothing to
fight for and will leave the fighting
to those who have.
•Work at tbe mines is still the same
old way,—one day last week, -with -prospects of three this, A number of
new men started on 'Monday, some being old-timers, and others new men.
There are ,a great many men around
town yet, looking for work, but the
management don't intend starting
■any. more for two weeks.
Jim-Green and Tom have returned
frbmr their homesteads, near Maple
Creek, and'report no crops in that
part of the country.
Xhe only crop in the vicinity 'of
Taber is the weed crop, and the town
lias a bunch of men harvesting that
the last few days.' Anyone owing
taxes is.given an opportunity to iwork
. then) out. Jf eome of our prominent
Of tizens were to start in to work theirs
out, they would' sure have to hoe
some weeds. The pay is 30 cents1 per
hour.
-The pipe for the water extensions
"will not be shipped from Ontario until
August 5th.
A football game between the business men (married) and the fire department   (single)   was   played   on
Thursday:   The line-up of the married
team was:    Goal,   J. Appleton;    Dr.
Hamman, iM. Johnson,   A. Patterson,
Dr. Wright and   T.   Westlake,   forwards; T. Sneddon, Dr.   Leech   and'
Hogarth, balf-backs; and Chief Camp-
. bell and Bert Wright hacks.   The fire
department played its regular team,,
^nd the spectators were   treated   to
the most fun they have had this sea.
. son.   Vic Brown, the outside right of
ihe fire department, found that    he
•could not come any stunts on "Smoke"
"Wright, as that gentleman, being an
old lacrosse'player, made it a point
.. to play the   man   first   and   the ball
after, and of course the referee was
not supposed to be looking.   At half
tlmo the score stood one nothing   in
favor of the married men, and they
held the lead until about a minute be-
"*"f-Sre~UWe, wnen a penalty was given
against them anil Brown evened the
score and tho game ended in a draw.
Everybody   was   satisfied-   with the
game, but' there were some very sore
bones in town the peit morning.
The baseball game played on Wednesday between the Taber boys and a
team from Lethbridge, was won by
the visitors.
Jack Southiworth has returned from
his homestead, to earn a grubstake
for the next season,
Billy Hill is another to return witb
-the story of poor crops, but states
that bia part of the country Is better
than some, as they will have a little
feed.
Fred Wblteutt was In ' town last
-week, looking for a master, as the
seed he put In the ground last spring
lias net shown up yet.
iMrs. Joe Mclntyre was taken to the
"Lethbridge hospital on Priday, with
fever.
Tbe war scsre has begun to affect
tbe price ot food In this town, aa flour
bas Jumped 30 rents a sack. Some of
the stores have notified their customers that they will only sell for
«ash Is tbe future.
LETHBRIDGE NOTES
♦
♦
ilt seems now that the mines have
started up for the fall, and both mines
here have been running now for eight
days. Generally at this time of the
year there is no trouble getting work,
as the majority of those quitting for
outside work" during the summer
months don't make their way back
untlMjhe latter end of September. A
goodly number of men from the Pass
made their way here last week, and
A'ere* greatly disappointed at not getting work. At least 100 men failed
to get a job. Those reading these
notes would be well advised, if in
work, to remain where tbey are.
The men don't seem, to be taking
the interest in the doings of the Local
Union generally displayed when the
mines are working, as the attendance
is decreasing, instead of Increasing, at
meetings. '
D. A. Smith, colliery clerk, has returned from the coast, where he spent
his vacation.
IMrs. R. Lets/ has returned from the
old country, Scotland, where she has
been for a three-months' trip, on a
visit to her many friends.
IMrs. C. Peacock and -Mrs. J. "Graham have both returned home from
the Gait 'Hospital, being convalescent.
, J. C. Livingstone, assistant superintendent, has gone .on holiday, to the
United States.
The war craze is fairly taking hold
here, great numbers are spending
their evenings in Gait square, -anxiously awaiting the latest bulletins.
Fred Bancroft, vice president of the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, held a meeting, with the execu-'
tlves of the various unions, on Monday
night of this week.
A very pretty wedding was solemnized Monday morning of this week in
the R. C. church, when Tom Hack-
man, of ■ Hardieville, and A. Kropeni-
jack, of Frank, were united in the
bonds of matrimony. We join in
wishing them long life and prosperity.
jeORJU_N_NQI£S '~d
twenty minutes, but try as they would,
they found -it impossible to defeat
Paton, although an overhead shot by
Tomlinson that just missed, grazed
the outside of the upright and a drive
by Dicky Stobbart that- struck the
upright had the Frank custodian beaten all the way. As a result of the
black and red's second invasion into
the locals dreaded area, thirty minutes from the klckoff, Parker received
the bail, slipped between, the two
backs, who seemed to have a misunderstanding, crossed the ball in front
of goal, which was met and driven into the net by Paddy Morrison, far out
of the reach of Owens. During the
fifteen minutes that intervened between the goal being scored and half-
time, the Corbin boys kept up a continual bomardment of tbe visitors'
goal, but the rugged defense of Dry-
borough and Marples worried the locals' attacks so much that when tbey
did get a shot for goal, there seemed
to be no "pep" to their efforts, and
Paton was seldom called upon to exert himself. Half time arrived with
the score board reading, Frank, 1;
Corbin, 0.
The story of the second half almost
coincides with the story of 'the first
moiety, with the exception that the
Frank defense packed their goal in the
old Michel style, while the Corbin attacking line seemed to fall into the'
arms of Morpheus when the opportunities to equalize presented themselves. Probably the best shot in the
last half was made by 'Miller, from
forty yards out, that gave Paton some
little difficulty in deflecting round the
upright. The last five minutes was
the most exciting of any period seen
on the local park, as fully eighteen of
the twenty-two players were within
the visitors' eighteen yards' line, one-
half of this numbers' interests being
in direct conflict with the interests of
the other half. Tbe final whistle blew
with the half-time score unchanged,
and Corbin's Mutz cup hopes shattered by a 1-0 defeat. '
-4. bush fire that has kept the able-
bodies male residents, with the exception of the white band brigade, on the
move forth and back up the mountain
to try conclusions with same, has been
buring since Monday evening. Fire
Warden Gladwin and the local coal
company officials have lost several
hours' sleep this week in their endeavors to get the upper hand, which
The 'Frank soccer team, accompanied by a goodly   number   ot   both
sexes, journeyed to dorbln Saturday
and blanked our hopes of the 'Mutz
cup adorning the   sideboard   of   the
Flathead Hotel for the year   lOU, at
least, by repeating the defeat   they
administered to ub at Frank  in   the
league competition.    As usual,   the
local captain lost thp toss, therefore,
the boys in blue   and   white   were
obliged to play the first half up   the
hill, with the sun in their eyes,   the
rays of which had tbe thermometer
hovering around 86 in the ^tade when
the ball was set rolling by Tomlinson
at 7 p, m.. before a record number of
spectators.   Tommy Dryborough, late
of Corbin    made.bis   debut   at left
back for the visitors and gave an exhibition that more than warranted his
choice.   Walker and Overton, of  the
locals were out of the line-up because
of Injuries and • were substituted   by
Owens and Cairns, as goalkeeper and
right half-back, respectively,  Immediately after tbe klckoff, Corbin pressed
around the   visitors'   cllWel,   which
they kept up incessantly for the next
CLEARING UP THE ODDS
AND  ENDS
JUmitig .VfUt KTAKJiNU we always discover various otitis
of lines, lonclies, odd sizes, and lines which we think it good
hushim to clear, even if thu price must bo cut in two.
This .stocktaking haa been no exception, and \\f Imve many
sperm)* to offer on Sattmtay, Th'ote Who come early get tlio
host f boico.
Special Ladies Waists
Wa have been successful in securing n shipment of nmmvfnc-
turn*' oveMnaki* in LmHpn' Hlmiae Waists—the very latest
creations in n variety of styles, Thpso goods aro worth in thc
rrjrnlar wny 43.00 to $2,75 «*clif lint thii little lot of five dozen
will be ekmeid on Hat urday at only $1 JO each. See them in the
trimlow on Thursday and Friday,
Inviotus 8hoes
Are Uie beat quality alioca If you have had trouble in tH ting
shoe antWaction, biiy INTUITS, and your shoe troubles will
r*hbb tiring of the past.
uur *t«c-Jt oi Utoeenea, Hour, 1'niviaioiw, Vegetable and
Twit* i* tiwitfiiittttt, ami pvoim- leu ua nicy lind a mile advnn-
lag* io price when buying from ns,
W. L OUIMETTE
Coloman        -       Alberta
they have apparently succeeded In doing at this (writing. The fire broke
out on the mountain south of.town,
close to the '"big showing" coal mine.
The boarding house owned by the
local coal company and occupied by
the Jack JohnBton. family, together
with the Chinese laundry and the city
rourt .house and gaol were totally destroyed by fire that broke out In the
upstairs of the boarding house on
Wednesday night at 9 o'clock. All
efforts of the local volunteer fire brigade were futile In their atempts to
extinguish the flames before thet
buildings and furniture were a total
loss.
iMrs, Gladwin, the better half of our
genial doctor, left Monday for the purpose or spending n few days In Ker-
nie, vlstttng friends.
Fred Lunstail and Albert Allen pulled out Priday morning to seek their
fortunes In {matures new.
'Mrs, Robinson returned home Saturday morning, after* spending several
daya visiting in Banff and Calgary.
She reports having a good time.
Charles Graham, the local mine su<
perlntendent, returned homo Monday
night, after spending two weeks visiting witb bis family In Nanaimo and
other Sound cities.
■A social and dance was held under
tbe auspices of tbe football club In
the elub house Saturday night. Coffee and cake was supplied and danc
glng Indulged hi to the wee ama'
hours. The orchestra, which traveled
with the Prank team, supplied a high
grade of music.
Thc regular meeting of the members
of Local 2877. V. M. W. of A., will be
huld lu tbe Union Hall ou 3uuUu>,
at 3:30 p. m. All members are requested to attend.
Glad to'"see you without those sticks,
Harry.     .'
Our regular meeting convened . aa
usual, with tbe president in the chair,
supported by a fair crowd. The only
piece of correspondence being an appeal from the Ohio miners for financial assistance to aid them in their
struggle for a new agreement. It
was ordered tabled for the time being,
owing to our exchequer being at low
water mark from the heavy raid made
upon it during this year, A notice
of motion changed our meetings to
every alternate Sunday, owing to the
indifference shown at present. New
business brought forth some very interesting happenings from the weeks
round of toil, and rumblings that are
not .unusual here were to be heard
quite clearly.
The meeting concluded by instructing tha. pit committee to see the su-
perintendent as soon as possible, and
the paying of a few bills.
The next meeting will be held on
August 16th, at 2:30 p. m. Members
of I-tfcal 431 kindly note.
We understand that the Ladies'
Aid of the Methodist church cleared
something like $70 with the garden
■party.
We are informed that Mr. Richards,
Inspector of Mines for this District,
has decided to take up his residence
at 'Blairmore, which will be a more
central location, and his services will
be more readily obtained.
The inquest to determine the cause
of the. death of Mike Tlessattl and
Agnostla was held today, Wednesday,
in the Workers' Hall. There were
present. .Messrs. Stirling, Aspinall and
Richards, the mine Inspector for this
Province. The witnesses examined
were Superintendent Williams, and
Fire Boss iMcGeough, all of them being
of the opinion that the method of extracting the pillars which has been In
vogue In that particular region, is a
good one. Tbere were also examined
two timber packers, who witnessed
the accident/ and two miners who
were first to reach the unfortunate
men.
D. C. McKenzie, M. D., testified to
.ihe^ainHUjLfcb&-lnjuries-r$ceived>-ancl
that death was undoubtedly Instanta-
neous.    In reply to a question by a
COLEMAN NOTES
His Grace, Archbishop McNalley,
will payi his postponed visit to Coleman on August 9th, and administer
the Sacrament of Confirmation to
Catholic children of Coleman. After
confirming the children in Frank, he
will arrive in Coleman about 4 o'clock.
Nick Bintorski died in the Coleman
•Miners' Hospital on July 31st, of a
serious Internal complaint. Deceased
was a long-Ume resident of Coleman.
The funeral will take place on Wednesday, August 5th, from the Catholic church. The Rev. Father Delestre
will read the burial service.
D, Davis, pitt boss ln the International Coal Company's mines at Coleman, is spending a two weeks' holiday at Arrow Lake, along with >Mrs.
Davis and family.
Joe .Thompson has taken over the
duties of pit boss, pro tem., In the
absence of D. Davis, at the International mines in Coleman for two
weeks.
Harry Anderson, an old timer of
Coleman, blew In to Coleman on Saturday morning, the lst, from Fort
Settle. Harry says there is no place
like Coleman.
IMr. ' D. Davis, has just received
two thoroughbred cocker spaniels
from the old country. Davis intends
sweeping the boards in this class of
dogs in Canada.
Joe Dragon was brought up before
Mr. 'McBurney, J. P., on Monday, the
3fd, on the charge of drawing a gun,
with intent to shoot Pete Fontana.
For this offense Joe was fined $10
and cost and bound to keep the peace
for a period of six months.
Not content with this, Joe had imbibed some of the war fever that is
floating around, and loaded up his artillery and began shooting anywhere
and everywhere to show his patriotism. He was fined another $5 and
costs, for having an over-supply of
artillery.
George Bradley, an old-time rancher
of Crow's Nest, died suddenly at his
ranch.   Crow's   Xest,   on   Saturday
morning.
I. Frank   football   team   are   due   on
wash-house, instead of attending   the
Local meeting.
Tlie election of J-ocai officials and
committees, which had the mine been
working, would have taken place a
month earlier, resulted as follows:
President, S. Nicholson,' re-elected;
financial secretary, J. Loughran, reelected; recording secretary, Uldage
Sicotte; pit committee, the president,
C. Bouthiller, Tom Hughes and- Se-
bastlne Slapnek; auditors, Tom
Hughes and Tom Burns.
A resolution thai a fine of 50 cents
be collected from all members not attending at least one meeting per
month was unanimously agreed to.   ,
A resolution was also carried that
the Local pay the printing expenses
in connection with the benefit dance
in aid of the Hillcrest disaster relief
fund.
Dr. Connor and Nurse vMc.Vally,
were In iBeaver on Monday. Tbey have
been very frequent visitors here for
the past week or so, but so far we
have no resident medical attendant.
iMnlcomb Sinclair, an old employe
here, blew Into camp Saturday. \\V
were pleased to see yo.i, Male.
FRANK  NOTES
juror, he stated that a weight of fifty
pounds falling from that height would
be sufficient fo cause the Injuries received.
The jury then retired to consider
their verdict,''And after an absence of
fifty minutes brought In the following
verdict: That the fall of top coal had
caused death and that they, the jury,
were ot the opinion that lt should have
had a shot lu. lt to have brought It
down, and that the Coal Mines Act
had not been adhered to. Also a
rider to the effect that in future the
pit boss must see to it tbat no fire
boss hsd more places to blast for
than would obtain the maximum of
safety for all concerned,
Secretary Burke waa looking after
the miners' Interests.
A grand dance will be held In tbe
Socialist Hall on August 17th, with tbe
Pincher Creek orchestra in attendance.
COAL CREIK NOTI8
Saturday to play Coleman iu the first
round-of-the-cup-ti-gs:—F-faniniEuSily*"
riseB to the occasion and a rousing
good game is looked forward to. Already a large amount of money is bet
on the game. May the best team
win.
Both the International and McGil.
livray mines are running fairly well
at present,
Mr. Lowden, clerk in, the office of
the iMcGllllvray Creek Coal Company,
pulled out on Tuesday night's passenger for Glasgow, Scotland.
IMr. Alexander Beck, of Taber, will
take over the business premises of
Mr. Bert East on on or about August
15th. (Mr. Easton Is nt present located at High River.
Miss K. D. Laricfa, an up-to-date
dressmaker, haa opened up an establishment In Coleman. No need to
go elsewhere for the latest In hobble
skirts.
The Elliott Sisters occupied the
Opera House stage on Monday night
tn vaudeville, and gave Interesting Instruction In the latest tango dance.
Coleman Is en fete tbls week with
the French musical comedy company,
with merry-go-round and various
other entertainments nnd ildo-shows.
Vice President flraham came to
Coleman on Tuesday, the 4th, from
Pernie.
Mr. and 'Mrs. Eldrldge, who have
been spending the last three or four
months with the former's sister, 'Mrs.
Wilcox, have taken up their residence
in Blairmore.
iMr. Stanley Rourke, an old-timer of
Frank, spent a few days in town this
week, renewing acquaintances.
iMrs. Vohradsky, of Hlllcrest, whose
husband was lost in the explosion, is
making her home with Mrs. Beranac
of Frank.
■It is reported that Mr. Simpson
has purchased an auto. So from this
time on walking and horses will be
a back number.
Mr. James Kennedy, who left here a
few years ago for Scotland, arrived
this week from Pocahontus, and expects to remain. Mr. Kennedy was
the secretary of the Union here for
some time.
A party or four, Messrs. McKay, B.
Blais, E. Thomas and W. J. Evans,
left for North -Fork on Monday, to
spend the week fishing.
—AVe-eoHgra*hita*t*eTn0st~fc*eHrttiy~lOTr
of our young people who were successful in passing the tenth grade examinations—'Miss Janet Nicol and Mr.
Ernest Blais.
The Blairmore cement plant has
closed    down    Indefinitely,    thereby
throwing a lot of men out of work.
A dance was held at the Sanatorium
on Wednesday night,
iMr. and 'Mrs. Cleorihue arrived
from Calgary on Monday night, and
expect to leave on Friday morning,
with a number of others, for a week's
fishing.
lUrs. J. Finlayson took suddenly ill
last week, and was removed to the
Blairmore hospital, where she is recovering rapidly.
Some one around town has developed a new habit, that of stealing, and
as a result some people are missing
their clothing. The "new habit"
seems to run in this direction.
Mrs. J. E. Wilcox and family are
moving to Commerce, where Mr. Wilcox has been working for some time
ns engineer. Before leaving town, tho
congregation of the Methodist church
met and had a social time together.
During the evening games were played and at the close Mrs. Howe, in a
fitting speech, presented Mrs. Wilcox
with a silver cream and sugar set.
After a few speeches, all joined in
singing, "Blest Be the Tie Tbat
Binds." Mrs, Wilcox has been In
Frank a long time and will be greatly
missed in all the departments of jfie
church.
The Blairmore 1. O. G. T. had a
very pleasant picnic on Wednesday
last, on the grounds of the Crystal
dairy.
BANKHEAD   NOTES
A football match was played between the single and married men at
Bankhead on Sunday, August 2nd, in
aid of the windows and orphans of the
Hillcrest mine disaster. The game
was started at 7 o'clock in the evening and proved sensational throughout. A large crowd contributed liberally to the cause, the total being
$54.25. Result, 4 goals to 2, in favor
of the single men. The teams were
as follows:
Married: F, Daushin, E, Duningban,
H. Hill, L. Connighan, J. Ovlngton, J.
Givens, T. Conners, J. Howarth, A.
Malkin, D, Heberton, A. Hume.
Single:    A. Dunsmore. E. Handley,
G. Hatcllffe, \V. Deans. M. Glover,   J^
H unw,-K;--i^itieTrTtrToFfegt7WrTor-
rest, W. Anderson, G. Norrle.
Referee:    Gerry Brown.
August Fizzonla has been adjudged
violently insane and will be sent to
New Westminister on Friday.
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
BELLEVUE NOTES
T. W. DAVIES
Funoral Dlrootor
and   Kmbalmor
Hoatf otonoo Supplied and Sot up
•«*    ALBBRTA
COLIMAN
WW*
li
rA  j
Owing to one of the Jurors being
111, th* Inquest which was to have
been held on July aOtit. was port-
p. red nntl) August the ttth.
Mr. and .Mrs. Hallwortb sod fntul y
have been enjoying a few dsys vacation.
Saturday wss psy dsy here, snd the
usual -quota of smiles nnd Brumbies
were In evidence.
Oar assessment for the Hlllcrest
widows' iu»d orphans' fund realised
in tb* neighborhood ot ISM,
(.ooettiow w*«n up ior oeoHti ot
trim vi wW ttaimlmn t**t*Uw£ ur-atr
tm, which was not too bed, coo-
MtHm tbo ftmaeial *trtiig>wM>y
which Ns existed tier* tor erne tlmt.
Tbe recipient desires to thank all wbo
i»» met ■*■*> MHtMuouMit io too anion
to tkm 1>*» mnt n ragged place.
Mr. D, li. Hyatop It Mill to be sew
bustling Ledger subscriptions here.
Mtny thanks to tbe part* wbo
brought tbo scribe a portion of his
-fitfrft fm* » tweent tlthlnt trip
Mr. twin llttmMe, ot hardware
fame, bas been kid up nltb au iouik
of Ja grippe.
Th« news of a very sad affair bas
J«et reached nt,et moot onr Iste re*-
Mania, Bulb ttptim, who left here torn*
three mctttbt ago for tbe all const ty.
fff* n-lf" fi.ivfng fatca ttwi Uvt* oC
their three thMdrsi and also b#f
owe.
li |« with pttnmre wn •atie* the
Improvement Harry PUher ba« »*«t*
during bis sojourn ovw tbe b-rthr.
The mines were Idle from 3 p. m.
Saturday until 7 p. tn. Tuesday. Also
from 3 p. m. Wednesday until 3 p. m.
Thursday.
Mrs. Wm. Ireland left camp on
Saturday, en route for the land of the
thistle. We bespeak h«»r a mt* Journey,
I'liuit iiiiUhUiH do*ii tiiu m*in ilioi-l
oughfnre of this burg (Coyote street,
of fours*! the other night, we wort*1
tempted to warble thst well-known
ditty from "A Chorus Girl," "You^ve
Oot Him on a Wring. Rueh a Tiny
Little Thing, ete,," when we precelv-
ed a well-known resident gallsntly assisting a lady unravel s skein of
worsted. It waa an eloquent (antimony of his devotion, as several male
friends wore heard persuading him to
"Come along."  Ob. yon Mr, Man.
Tbe ntwe«tt> or every underground
worker strictly observing the Coal
Mines Regulation Art eannot be lm*
pre***d too •troogly. Quite recently
two men were discovered going Into
Coal Creek mines with mstrbes In
tbelr possetalon: there is also n
rhsrg* against a forelgnsnesklnt
miners for putting hia pick through a
safety lamp In B North We do not
wish to shteld the tntMvMnsta who
eommK sucb tugirant braaebea of tbe
Mi, nitnl .**<***it) nndeen-ittm <*kn im*
of bufldretJi of tbelr fallow workers.
So man shottM be permltte* to *ot*r
the mlnea if be does aot thoroughly
understand the .Mines Regulation Art,
.,.1,!tr. if*   ti«.i*n»i  -ntiXthtrattit',' «•»* «"
fully breaking tbe Aet ihould be se-
vcr-fly punished.
Tom Jam«». t oil creek, appeared
before Stipendiary Maalstrsta Stalker,
nnd pleaded guilty to bmWng Into
and ateallng from tb* locket* tt bis
f-rliow-Korkmen. Me witt go to .Nei-
mn and tmt tn sit mnotbs at band
tat«»r
Xte% fommlk smashed the glaaa of
kl* t-ntidf t»»i» »Wb bis pffb «fcll*
nniit-ntrmxed, »»d as IM» ttoiatwt tb*
Cmi tMlnem Regulation A*«. whk-b
«tsw» thit no miner aball aiio* bis
tt-mp to tt* n*nr*r than twn tm i»
th#. awltte td hit pf**, w»« flned |l»
it ml tti*\t.
Hairy F-raww *ae «4lmlit*d to V* r-
i-i!*** !i»»p!ta! lo nndfrrt* trestnwn' '*»*'
BEAVER MINES NOTES
, #-*-k
The mine here continues to work
regularly, but tbe output In not very
large,
Jat;k Watson, who wm» formerly tilt
bo** lri Vo. i m(n'\ 'n\\\c\\ I,- <losvl
down the past two years, l» now tip-
pie boss.
IMdag-H Hlrotte lint) hts big toe badly
crushed on Tuesday nf last wewk,
whilo assisting to load <oal inrs In
the mine.
The furniture and e/julimtMii for the
new school bouse nt ll«avt<r -Mines
arrived here lait week, and everything
will be in readiness tor opening the
iifw ichool on the litli ln*t. The
school commitlM Intend n»ltig tbe
church as a temporary sthoui bulldiuu.
Jim and Mrs, lx>ughr*n, of i'lntlter
Creek, spent the week end at denver,
with (M John, end Harr;  *«'  v,rt
Drew,
Tom liurn* and Jim Burns, built ut
Coal Creek, bi«w Into tteever laat
week end ami started lo work in
tba mine.
F, W. FoatHP,* wiictlotiffar, of Pin-elmr
Creak, Instructed by W. O, Sherwood,
..'. .94.,m**-t \.tvn.tt ..*.«,....«*, avi-tfjp tmln* .
.f*l»wn«Hy nf   Timi''"'-*'     "t-Mi    ii'i.V,
bsrnesi, wagon*,   trule*   end othfr'
utenitls oaad In eounet-tkm witb   Ibe J
btmiaeaa. al   tb#   r«*id«nw   of   Mr, j
Sherwood, Beaver Mine*, last tUtur-
day-    VI*'* b#«4 ut hnr#*. wrr rniao'-
put ui». mh fallMi to «t»u • panrbastr. -
Fifty tbooaand f«et of lumber *■» also s
sold, bat aa raah It » stares roatmod-!
Ity In the   Vtonter Mines  district   at
prweeot. most of tb# goods were aoid
at very low prices.  Mr. Sherwood and
family ara removing to Calgary.        1
i-tautrdsy wits Ittt*   tirn    jmy    tnm
moat of tba mm bad r*c#i%*d here for
a U>w* Uttt*, *»t»«i it **» » ' «»i-»«-»h» *»»
tbe store-keeper*.
Laeaf Uatei Nets*
Tbe reenter ta<cetln« *>f "'l* Uwsi
waa convened at 3 p  m *in -Sundsr.
Ifro. NkbobNMi, pru*i'*'t-\ <« '■!**' '**»■*•.
■fn,tMng from tiy ,ur. " *•* ' ■' -' •■<-'
kicking wbleb too* i>***-* »**<* llwl
statement* wn-** ni-.'*. '"it mt KrMst.
a tftwj bottMerou* mf-Hm* »*» ev
Itrtttd. but »P!Mt>ii,.> t,.e kiclwr*
bad etbaet'ttt v..< • * ••'• -turn t»'••«
ing off tw*.'.' * *    ■'• "•■*   •*"•
H. G. GOODEYE CO. ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your houso from cellar to garret and at bottom prfcea. Call, write, phone or wire. All orders given
prompt attention. -.
If you are satlafltd, tall ethers.    If net iitttffed tctl u«
Coleman
Alberta
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Phone 25
•Th« Quality Stor«"
Blairmore, Alta.
GROCERIES, DRVG00DS,CR0CKERY
«ii<! Zm jfiliilig in Slim
Our Grocery stock is complete witb only the
choicest brands.   A full line of Fresh Fruits
£84 YCfcCUuL.* ul»A,» t>U Ilakuy.
Fresh Strawberries and Pineapples For
Saturday
Solo attttttfor "INVICTUS," "REGAL,"
"K"mmke FIN! SHOIS and LKOKI1"
MINIS SHOSS
ar* w-irth (i |W cent
.-..iitiv.tn<,i)ijr'"M»t1v Hi*
i-jidi
.:j*.**L .*i*,»'
whenever
ft-twent-cii.
Tha Storo That SAVI8 You Monoy •*^J,^'..-P-Vy4^,*i4*fj^;*f,f*
•■.',■■" ''■•; f
' l
I    \   , '(
I
•\.
PA&E SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, p.,p., AUGUST 8,1914
\
IiOCal UmOn DiP6CtOPV   Dist   18 U M W   & BiaisiBiaiBipiEiBiaiBisi*^^
&-!&)ti3^)^)9^&'9^
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; seconfl and
fo»:rth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek, Sick Benefit aj^ftched.—T.
Uphill. Sec, Fernie, B. C.
 7	
HOSMER LOCAL
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 in K.
P. Hall, Main Street.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box''63, Hosmer, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon i
at 2 Q'clock in Crahan's 11,,:!.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet  every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident  Benefit Society attached.—Michael  Warren, Sec. Can-
more, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday,
in month.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—J, Gorton, Sec.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2,30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Mitchell, Sec, Box
105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No.-1189
Meet svery Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frltnk Barrlngham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec
COLE.MAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in Jthe Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. 6. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
I   i
i'rt
BURTvllS LOCAL
, No. 949
M et every second' and  fourth
!•. ay of each month at 10 a.m.
.*• nool House, Burmis^ No Sick
- -ty.—Thos.  G.  Harries,  Sec,
burg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday ot each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta,
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 ln Miners' Hall, l?th Avenue North.—I* Moore, Sec-Treas.
x   BELLEVUE LOCAL
No, 431
Meet every Sunda&at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. —James
Burke, Sec. Box 36, Bellevue,
Alta/ *'-■ .,   '•■"
CORBIN LOCAL
r No. 287*7
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30,   at  Boarding  House.    SJckj
and   Accident   Fund  Attached.—'
Max Hutter, Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
'Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at 'Miners Hall.   Sick and
.Benefit    Society    attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
l-^fiJBfijlli-M-SIB^^
5SSB3fflggffl3Sig«?ftTOfir^^
EISJEiaii^
1 UNDER NEW MANAGEMENT
I was traveling through France last
summer and had stopped at a wayside tavern. There I met a number
of my own countrymen—travelers
like myself. Alter supper, in atr^t-
raosphere of tobacco smoke, we com-'
pared notes and told stories.
A middle-aged stranger strolled
over to onr group. "I see, gentlemen," said he, "after listening a
while, "that not many of you are inclined to believe in the supernatural
—believe that nothing can happen
through other than human medium'
or agency. But what I am^bout to
telf you happened to me; otherwise
i also would not believe.
"it,was about thirty-two years ago,
and for the vividness with which it is
ever present to 'me it might have happened last night. It was at the end
of that 'disastrous war. My father
had come home that night (with the
glad news that treaties had been
-signed, and the period of pillage and
slaughter was over.
"It was a delightful nlgtit; "the
moon was shining. In all her Bllvery
splendor. iA.ll was* quiet, save for an
occasional breeze gently rustling
through, the tree tops, and the whistle
of a locomotive far in the distance.
*'We were seated on the front veranda after supper, my father smoking, my mother knitting, and I,; «
mere child then, rocking myself in a
hammock which my brother Joe had
made.
"Poor Joe. He had breathed his last
in that terrible battle a year before,
and was buried'in the trenches with
fhe rest of the martyrs. How we
missed him. I had many times seen
my father turn his" face away and
wipe the moisture from his eyes, under -cover of blowing his nose;
"A handsome fellow, fresh from the
university when the war broke out,
Joe had come home with great honors. It is no wonder then that my
parents wouldn't hear of It 'when die
expressed a desire to go to bis country's defense.
"But at the end of the first year of
war, when evil tidings, were coming
from both land and sea, and an
urgent appeal for volunteers was Issued, nothing would keep him. He
went—to be gone forever.
"That night, as on so many other
nights before, we sat there, silent.
They were always thinking of htm.
For hours they would sit thus, so far
away and melancholy. The only break
in the silence was a sigh.
"Suddenly we heard a clatter ot
hoofs in, the distance, and far down
the road we could see a horseman fast
approaching. There was nothing unusual in that; 'many horsemen passed
at all hour» in those turbulent times,
but now both stood up and eagerly
looked   in   the   direction of the   ap
With giving good service, the best quality, and strict attention
to business, we hope to have your patronage. We■ make all Bologna, Weiners, Compressed Ham, Sausages, etc., on our own
premises. Our noted Pork Sausages cannot be beaten. Everything
of the best. One trial will Insure your future business. Orders
promptly attended to.
Address: Opposite Post Office *
^honc 52,- H. Northwood Mgr.
will pass this scene over. We listened
to his story of what had happened
and watched hinn eat ravenously.
"While he ate we learned that he
had heen kept a prisoner of war and
had just been released. He had had
no way of communicating this to us.
The report of-his death had been a
mistake.
"So-far there is nothing very unusual. But this is not an every-day
event, and those whose heartstrings
have any tendency to vibrate in sympathy with those of the their fellows
will understand the complete change
in both my father and mother. They
became young once more, and happy.-
But that happiness was not to endure.
It was one of the phases vln the transition from their gloom and lonesome-
ness to the dazzlin'g light of supreme
joy, and then again to the utter darkness of heartbreaking despair.
"Shortly after Joe had finished his
meal he expressed a desire to go to
bed; ,He had ridden many miles that
day and was tired. So we saw him to
his room. There he kissed his parents
good night and they went down. I
stayed with him until he was ln bed:
helped him adjust iiis bedclothes, and
then went to my room.
'.'Mme was a little room in :he attic,
with one window looking overt the
road he had come, I could look far
down this road as I lay in bed, for the
window was low, And that, n'.ght I
didilook for a long time. It was very
hard to fall asleep after what had
happened. How long I lay awake I
do not know, but the scene changed
and .1 was on a battlefield. The quiet,
moonlit scene became one of carnage.
Cannon roared, the rattle of musketry
spitting fire and death on every hand,
and the heartrending cries of the
wounded and" dying everywhere.
"I gasped for breath. • The smoke
was /Choking me 'Joe! Joe!" I was
crying. But my*.*>. voice was • drowned
by the incessant thunder of cannon.
Here I see him. I try to run to him.
But he again precipitates himself into
the thick of battle. His face is white.
His -lips are tight together and his
eyes protruding. He fights like a
demon. Now I see bim and again I
lose him. But at last I reach his
side. He Is here again; father, too.
God ■bless/you; good-bye.
"I awoke with a start and screamed.
The ordeal was too frightful, too realistic, but the sense of relief on awaking did not follow. I was still uqder
the oppressive spell of dread and foreboding.
"A few minutes later my parents
were trying to pacify me. They had
run, up on hearing me scream, and
were reassuring me that it was only a
dream. But I would not be convinced. I wanted to go to Jofr's room,
and I wouldn't let them go unless they
Both-were-exoUedr^O-fe-^^ibeEe—I_waaieiL4ajes_him
To Sports Committees
The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior Band is now
open for engagements. Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc. Apply
THOS. BIQQS, Secretary,   Fertile, B.C.
They, seemed agitated by some mys.
terlous Influence. I, too, felt that
something unusual was about to hap-
pen, and. also stood up looking in the
same direction. He was fast drawing
nearer. He was now at the gate.
Quickly dismounting, he ran up the
pathway.   It was• Joe.
"I can still &ee my father gulping
hurd and trying to speak. I stUl see
my mother cling to jloe, crying *nd
laughing In a frenzy of joy.- Both
asked a million qho8tions._   But we
bofore 1 would, go to sleep again
"So they took me down, and It was
there that the tragedy began, or
rather dnded. For with our coming
into his room the curtain dropped on
all that this world held for them. His
bed had not been slept In.
".The" curtain rose again, disclosing
to them a bleak, dreary and desolate
world, to which their only tie was
myself.
■ "He could only spare lilm to us for
one night."
agricultural or other; the soldier's
trada was regarded as' superior to the
despised manual labor. The cultivation fit breadstaffs, was crowded out
by the latifundia, which found it more
profitable to grow grapes and .olives
and raise rare bird?" for the ' table.
The countryside became depopulated,
marshes taking the place of the deserted field, and 'more and more
Italy came to depend for her <breacU
stuffs upon Sicily, Asia and Egypt.
It was not because of the harm to
the peasantry and {he country at
large, nor because of humanitarian or
religious . consideration . that slave
labor began to diminish during the'
latter part of the empire, tour because it ceased to be a paying investment. Work or no work, tbe slave
had to be maintained bys his master;
he lacks initiative, energy and" technical skill. Moreover, the slave system does.not lend itself readily to
division of labor.. Add to ail this the
ever increasing dearth of slaves, owing to the cessation of successful wars
of conquest, and the corresponding
rise in the price of that merchandise.
Thust. economic considerations led to
the enfranchisement of ejver larger
numbers of slaves. Out of these liberated slaves and ouf'of the impoverished freemen was gradually evolved
a new agricultural class, tbe colons, a
kind of serfs riveted to the soil. In
the industries a similar transformation took place; slaves ascending and
freemen descending the' social scale,
became, by imperial decrees, riveted
to their crafts, they and their offspring forever; fractions of these despotic fiats were not infrequently punished with death. The tottering economic system could be* maintained
only by fettering the workers to-their
trades, in agriculture and in industry,
and by an all-pervading economic paternalism. The emperors founded
throughout the realm industrial, establishments under government management or monopoly. Free labor, at
no time of great importance in Rome,
practically disappeared and? compulsory labor became the prevailing social form of -labor in the empire. Under the colossal oppression of an
unspeakable Oriental despotism and
bureaucracy,,whose , exactions knew
no bounds, and of a plutocracy wallowing in an OrlentaJ luxury that beggars
ail description and consuming" the
very substance of the' enthralled
masses, the economic life of tbe world,
humanity itself, was well-nigh being
crushed out of existence.
However, the most despotic paternalism and* the most draconic measures proved unable to stave off the
inevitable economic and political catastrophe brought about by tbe effects
of the conquests. The military power
itself was' ruined by the conquest of
the world, for, as a result of this conquest, the masses in Italy now consisted of wretched slaves and serfs
ai)d of a physically enfeebled and
morally degenmte proletariat. (More
andtaic^e the ranks of the legions had
to bit recruited with'barbarian mercenaries.
j *
In the Mef stages of the empire,
during the 'third and fourth centuries,
""   thB-cconomie^rtsJs"^nu~tcttenu~
Labor in the
Roman World
''--- \-
COAL MINE FATALITIES IN BRIT-, by trine tars nnd haulage, 1; by inf.
\
I
ISH COLUMBIA
Compiled by Thomas Graham, chief
Inspector of Mine*.
•Total nflmber of mm killed lit and
about the coat mine* of Ilritlsh Coin-
bla for the second quarter of the
calendar yearn H'll. t: na against is
tor 1913,
T>VAt numtwr of men killo-t tn *,yy\
about the coal mints of British Columbia for the drat n'a month, of lit it,
h, 4* against id fur litis.
Number of men killed In and about
tbe coal mines of iirltlsb Columhia
for tbe first six month of the y*«*r
1914, and tba colliery where the accident* occurred: Canadian Pacific
Railway N'stursl Resource^ Coal De-
partmeal, Hoamer, 3; Crow'a Neat
Pass Coal and Coke Company, Ltd.,
Michel, 1; Canadian Collieries' iDuni-
muir I Ltd., Cumberland, ■%', Western
Fuel Company, N»n*imo, I, Total, I.
.Number of men killed In and about
the coal mlnea of Ilritlsh (Vumbta
for tut flrat at* months of tbe year,
wttt, tbe fatalltle* »*ias*slft«d netordl;i
to cause:
location In fine conl, 2,   fbtnl, 6"
KHVd on surafce: Uy coke oven
larry, i.   Total, I. .......
Killed In shafts-by cage. I.   Total, I*"'*"" ^  ' »* '" ,il° Industries
1.   (Irand total, 8. -....— ..-    —-«...
Metal Mine fatalities in British Columbia
Total number of men killed i.t and
aUuui. thu iut*»ul mine* ol Uruii.il Columbia for the second three nuichs
of 1014. «: an against 4 for 191.1
Fatalities in and about tbe metal
mlnea In British Columbia for tbe
flrat six months of 1914,14; as against
• for J9I3.
Number of men killed In and about
tbe metat mines of British Columbia
for (be Am six mbnths of 1014, 14,
Number of men killed In .and around
tha metal mines of Ilritlsh Columbia
for tbe first sis months of 1914, with
fatalities classified according to
cause:
Killed underground; Uy pit king or
drilling Into unexploded powder, t;
liy premature blaata, 4; by «a««in« or
suffocation by powder fumes, 3; by
falling in chutes, raises, alnte*. etc.,
it; by falls-of ground.,3; by mine ram
Killed underground:    By  falls  of land haulage, I; by returning on aft*
rcof and rock, 2; by tells of toa*. l;i«*ploded shot, i.  Urend total. 14.
By J. B. S.
In his latent work, "Labor lu the
Roman World" (Le Travail daos le
Monde Romaiii, par Paul Louis, -Fells
Atom, Paris!, Paul Lquls, well known
to Llm readers of the New, Review,
trace* .the ovolutlon of Romnn society
from the royal period, through the republic and Hie empire, down to flu*
final collapwi, liHMttined, Indeed, Ity
the Invasions of the barbarians, but
caused by the weakness inherent in
Its economic organisation.
In a remarkably simple, clear, and
fascinating exposition, the author sets
forth the general development of
abve, free'and s*»i*. labor, In agrlcu,-
in-
eluding the history of exchange and
distribution, of commerce, money and
transportation. Step by step he,re*
veals how ihe political, military, and
social htatory of Rome waa determined throughout i»> «t:uiiumie conditions, and how the great political
and social fact* In tbelr turn af
feeted tbe varloua historic phases of
economic life. In tbe skill with which
it. Louis now separates tbe multitudinous constituent elements of Roman
society, bow combines them Into a
moving, living organism; In the masterly handling of keen analysis and
largo synthesis, constantly and
closely Interwoven, lie* tha great
charm ot hia historic method.
Originally Rome was bat a email
town whose dwellers, barbarian peasants and shepherds, wart poor, aim-
pit md warlike, and bad largely eon-
nerved the *nd#nt tribal organist-
Hon of society, However, already.
onfier tbe early kings, this organisation, *Hh Ita ecoaomle. political and
today equality, waa destroyed. Hy a
series of usurpations of both the pnb-
lie wnd private lends, e avail number
at tutor* prominent fawl.ll** developed!
Into a privileged landed aristocracy.
xov partem*, eta ottttmtono Homtn
lorii V iliir.t' r**rm'!*1<*r,. fliic H* Iht
bwslnttm, the art she excelled In, the
chief source of her enormous wealth.
With the never-ending conquests
during the republic, grew apace the
urcmi of tite Roman plutocracy, which
utilized for Its own clans Interests the
external policy bf Rome—greed for
land and slaves, for money and treasure, tor tribute ainl luxe*, weed lur
new regions in which to establish colonies for the expropriated nnd rebellious pleba. The Roman imperialistic
policy waa a product of economic conditions. Rut Its object was not tbe
conquest of her manufacturers of
of markets or raw mnterinls or tin-
exploited natural resources of wealth,
but mainly for tbe confiscation of
read^made wealth and for tbe extortion of taxes and tribute. Tbe
endleaa wars of defense during tbe
empire were llkewlw due to economic
causes. It waa absolutely necessary
to ItoM In eheefe or beat back th*1 ever
more threatening Inroads of barbarians, if tbe colossal system of economic exploitation pf the world for the
benefit of Romas plutocracy was to
be maintained.
On tht other hand, tbls policy of
conquest had a determining influence upon the evolution of tha economic conditions in Rome and la Italy.
Aa tbt world produced for Rome*, tht
development of tht productive forcta
In Italy was neglected, tht Romas being eaaeDtlally exploiters, not producers, Tht pollry of conquest lad
fatally to production In Italy by for-
elm slave labor, and slave later was
the profound and Irremediable canst
of tht downfall of Rust's teenoalc
and political power. Rotbleta ex-
ploltaaioB. acrumalatlag imtott
waakh te Italy, draintd tkt ctM«erad
world of Ita economic vitality, but la
tht long ran It brought aboat tba economic and political ruin at Italy u*r-
atlf.
-n^~w:
ing misery were Immense and universal. Tbe Roman monster had devoured itself. Hated by the nations,
Caesar stood helpless and discredited. Caesar was poor. In his straitened circumstances, a vulgar impostor,
he debased his coin, and his august, his
divine effigy stamped thereon proved
unable to Induce tbe enslaved , and
exploited world to honor lt. He fell.
His purple mantle was torn to shred*.
And In the universal and utter anarchy that succeeded the great Roman
peace, tho pagan barbarian warrior
lords, ably emulated by Christian prelates, were engaged for centuries in
a savage struggle for the possession of
the shreds of the empire—for the inheritance of the divine right of exploiting the world.
Such, In brief, Is the gist of ll.
Uuis' leading Idea, around which are
grouped ail the Important facta of
Home's history. Economic, Social and
political facts are presented in their
Inmost causal interaction, The book
is n thoroughly scientific study and
a most vivid, lifelike picture, withal,
of Roman society. Tbe reader parries
away from It a more clear and satisfying conception of the essential na
that is accepted as journalism in this
sad, rich land, steal pay rolls of com.
panies, and eat \ out -hacienda after
hacienda as they picnic along on what
they.are pleased f& call yars for liberty, justice and the sqtiare deal.   ,,•
"Th^y claim the government ofr ijdex-
ico is theirs, these gentlemen, .with
shirts, on thev backs of .stolen horses,
and government, tb them, means just
precisely the license to batten upon
the labor amd industry of the oountry.
.The trouble is. so lacking are they in
the ability for government, that they
cannot maintain for any length of
time th^e battening government of
their dreams. They continually quarrel over the division of the spoils, and
fight among themselves for a monopoly of 'the governmental! battening
privilege."
It does not seem to have occurred
to London to compare Mexico with
pther countries in the same stage'uf
Social evolution. He does not seem
to know, for example, that many of
these conditions are identically .the
same in Russia, where upper, lower
and middle class are all of the same
blood, He seems to have remembered
nqthing of his Socialism and never
dreams of explaining as a feudalists
agrarian State suddenly Invaded by a
fully equipped and modem industrial
capitalism. No, he prefers the outworn and discarded theory of the inferiority of mixed breeds.
Nor doessbe stop at this. He does
on to Insinuate the inferiority both of
the Indians and of the -Spaniards of
whom this particular mixed, breed Js
composed. Neither of them have any
"ability for government." The Span-
lards have notoriously failed:
" "Spain, despite her world empire,
which she picked up at a lucky stroke,
much as a Hottentot might pick up
a Koh-i-noor, never, possessed any
genius for government, The descendants of the Spaniards in (Mexico, interbred with the native Indians, have
likewise displayed no genius for
government   Facts are facts." ■
And tbe Indians have also failed,
not because they are undeveloped,
Mattered over vast spkees, uninformed and^unarmed;, no, because they are
not Americans!
"But how about the peon I There
are twelve million peons. They have
had four centuries to get interested in
the subject. Considering the paucity
of the numbers of their masters, they
have evidently not considered the
matter to any purpose. I doubt, by a
count of noses, If one-fourth of one
per cent of the peons of Mexico are
bearing arras for the purpose of gaining free land or of gaining anything
else their leaders desire,
"yilla confiscated the great .estates
of Chihuahua. To each adult male
in the State of Chihuahua he gave
sixty acres of land, But there was a
string on the gift. For ten years the
land was to be Inalienable.' His explanation or this string is that the
peon has lost his ancient land hunger,
and that, If given the land outright,
hb would Immediately sell or gamble
away his holding.
"(Xt-J*miVEn_tlt&—nrtr.n-n\. —..4^=4-1. J.W—
LIFE THREATENED
gisHiattkiiATwribliStohUitil
' HiM"Fralt4-tim"
land. Some day he will have it. But
when no more than one-fourth of
one per cent of the peons have risen
to take the ftnd, the feebleness of .the
peon land hunger is fully told. So
anothor magic phrase means one
thing to the American mind and quite
a different thing to the .Mexican mind.
It is Impossible to conceive of twelve
million Americans, gnawed by the
land hunger, arming and sending Into
the field one-fourth of one per cent
of their number to fight for the land."
Villa Is betllttlcd and the popular
movement reduced to 100,000 men in
arms. (How could there be more
when there are no more arms, to say
nothing of feeding . larger    forces!)
■. A. KELLY. E«l,
Haokrsvii,i,x, Ont., Aug, 28th, lilS.
" About two years ago, I found my
health in a very bad state. Mr kidneys
were not doing their work, and I was all
^un down iu condition. I felt the need
of some good remedy, and having aeen
" Fruit-a-tivea " advertised, I decided to
try them. Their effect I found those <
than satisfactory. Their action waa mild
an4.the result all thtt could be expected.
11 My kidneys resumed their normal
action after I bad taken upwards of a
dosen boxes and I regained my old-time
vitality. Today, I am as well as tvfr,
the best health I have ever had ".
B. A. KELLY
" Fruit-a-tives " is the greatest Kidney
remedy fn the world. It acta on the
bowels and the skin as well aa the Kidneys and thereby soothes and cares any
Kidney soreness. ^
"Fruit-a-tives" it sold by all dealers
tt 60c a box, 0 for $2.60, trial aixe 25c,
or will be sent on receipt of price bj ■
FroitHhtivet Limited, Ottaws.
and no strong breed, nothing is left
but intervention:
"There is.no other Porfirio DlazTa
sight. .There is no strong 'breed*
capable of whipping the rest of the
disorderly 'breeds' and the country, into shape. There is no popular movement on which such a strong man
might depend for support. Nor is
there a national cause:' The educated
Mexicans, the wealthy Mexicans, the
business and shopkeeping Mexicans,
hall American intervention with de-
.light"
"Mexico must be saved from herself." Neither the masses of the
'Mexican people nor the American
working class are to be consulted—
unless the latter can be misled by
London's tawdry jingoism.—The New
,*» 1  V  ■'»
Aad  slneo  there Is no strong man  News
ENGLISH  IN THE ORIENT
The proprietors of a newspaper in
Slam have distributed the following
notice:     * v
"The news of English we tell the
latest, write on perfect style and '
most earlier. Do a murder commit,
we hear of it and tell of it. Do a
mighty chief die, we publish It, and in
border of sombre. Staff has each one
been college snd write like the
Kipling and tho vpickens. We jclrcle
every town and extortionate not for
advertisements.      Buy    lt.v-HBelfast
mre of Roman history than from any
of thc mimoi'oiis und voluminous
workt dealing with thin vast and evpf
Interesting subject.
JACK LONOON IN MEXICO
Instead of using tbe Mexican situation to point out the lessons of revolutionary Hoclallsm, the economic Interpretation of history and clan war,
Jack London has evolved a racial Interpretation of history and Is preparing tho ground for a race war. John
Reed has told us of the Latin quality
of Mexican clVlllsatlQn. And so far
as there Is a civilisation. It ts among
the middle classes, and la undoubtedly Spanish In origin and southern In
temperament, that Is Latin. This accounts, for example, for tht rather
extreme language and theories of the
Mexican "Llberala," RuL of want,
It dots not account for tht basic tta-
nomlc facta,
London goes further, it la only
blood that counts, not trtn tradition
It af aay rtaj moment-to sty nothing of economic ract. Tht Mexican
ptoat art "Indiana" of a certain bread;
that describes them. We rtad In a recent number of Collier's:
"It should bt understood at tkt oot-
■tt that Mexico Is oot a Latin won-
aaieslco It aa ladiea ootatry.
moptn of Mexico ara not Latins.
Tboy art Indians. Aai thty ara la-
dlatsa, talr somewhat reetmbUag tht
Indiana of tbt Vnltad Stattt. They
are not merely a different trite, Thty
are a different rata of fntllaiiii.
"glity-flvt per teat «f tte tubal!-
f<i-e»#   «,♦*   «n*ii   ?«**„»;,*    %*-,,,. i
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is con*
sidered as an index of
your business chamctert
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
oo
* economic espropflatlon nnd polities! to eiiat as workers by the side af ti*
j subjection of tht phrba. | cheap and despised elan later, asll-
i   The town of Rome   was   confined, J-oa* ot ber tiilmm «ttv W*te»* ft
within vary narrow llmita.   Her toll Wwaaa and talitfy, and mmeet III-
Jw»a unproductive.  Tbe Romans, likely tte great cities, forming, Mptctally
■■■   " '    •*■-,'. •»* »■»•#'*■»'*, * <**«i4rti*'<tp''k Ai*.
gar prejbtartat that Uvtl epm tte
•rSTfc rTTr vT'T if?. -T!!uMtw *"• *,rt*' Aiwtaitf tia»
cultural ttthatque aad bad ao awaa-
tntiorn ot eotomttn tt apeak of. Bat
all around bar ta Italy dwelt peoples
tbat had reached a more advanced
economic stage aad enjoyed a Urge
meaaurt of wealth, wbleb lay tempt-
lagly at tte gattt af Rome.   Her la-
bounty tf ite gertraaMat aid art*
tosltj btctwt aa Inatraiatat la tte
tends tf aatbitkMM aad wacrapalaw
potltleUns and generals. Tt tte
straggtra tetweaa tte patriciaa* mt
plebeians wart mw addad tte great
imtiot condition md b*t  iti-waslng jr*i*W^» *f 'bt kivtm nmi  tte eWl
■etda, tte a*at*t«*tag appatltt for »»»   teaatta   auMtlam   MMffUe
fuxurie* fn lief arfsttvnKj md   thc\whn vf0* ^^ on* unottmr ker *b*
constant deawnfli of brr poor and tar
toleat plate, draft Rome lato a loag
fa?»r tf tbe beggsT-prrtttortat
Owlat ta hit atetaaa froaa
> dartag tte loag tad tfneomd wars. V>
', peaaant soldier sectecte-d Ma fan
tte
setfe* «f waff* of cemt}*r%\ mm tbe
sttrroutuKag ptapfat. who poawsatd
a Mgter emmmje ernatcstion and (fan lata debt, aad f!i»«r me e*m*
were sett* pMMNCM. ttm* w*n do-\pitidm tad vnpp-Hnttd by tte i*sm
vtlaptd ter already warlike rt'ttewiltte tnnt emtetee, toltfmtdkt, ttet te
two a btgbty ettmmt turnery mtin*. ierKiUat 1« !»• aaa another. JtmtStm,
Ctsaaasit for tte ante af mu*r te- tte -ptaaaat wat eteagtag lata a ara-
enmo enrty tte established policy of f#»*toaal soldier, be wnn tcrndonJty
Wet «at ter great attNmat'lattiig all taste tad fltaeaa far later.
*m atter iorsigatrt. tat raasttatag
m mt iimt nto mixed Indian aad
•aetfeb it ta this it por tmt ttet.
Mcordlag ta tte stay-et-toa» Aaetft
lean notion, eaaatltitaa tte WaHeaa,
aad practically tte te-telHr «f tte
-*•*****« ptpttatita.
"Aad It la faet prtdsaly ttot St far
cent telf-tottd data ttet feawata all
tte traaate, plays childishly with tte
toots of glseu, aad makes a ttoiaaUt
aad a eteae af tte taad. TUaa
"tewftr ttv-ftatttt neither tbe grtat
wwrtftf eteae, m* tb* prw-Mfy mrb>
ttg claaa. nor Um pkted waa af tte
mmm ttatta tad Karate wte hart
n\<tm »*%teo what aseanre ei wiottt
et-riitsatioa it piaaiisis. Tteat
"treads" art tte artdatnry efaaa.
Tte? otwdoto atthteg. ftey crsata
etdbkm tboy ntm to pi suae a
rtm. ride on a karat aid^stete
AetmT tte fwopfs wbe wwfi aaa tte
'mm -kneieU
or em ftrwrtrttontswf unlnit by otbtrs
bt tbem. write bamtevtle   	
If you want .really high
class printing-thp kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
■7T
I%? District Ledger
••QUALITY" PRIHTORS
Phone 48a   >t    Feroir, B. C.
-e.
\atim\mmmmw\i
■wsufx *wtei^atw-v*Mf -r rpflll^^
Original
>     *  i
and
Only
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
 «
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
Liniment
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 8,19'l4
Fernje-Fort Steele
*
Brewing Co., Ltd.
•——f_.—.	
Beer
and
Portef
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Brothers
Passburg
Hotel
4
You're always welcome here
V -
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?J2$±s.
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealera in
Wines
-  Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Full aupply of.following
for an appetising meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and
Eggs
Try our Cambridge Sati*
afloa for tomorrow** break-
faat.
CHL OR t»MONI
Calgary Cattle Co.
P(iontM Weodttreet
FIRNIB, ■. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
\
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough .
and Dressed Lumber
Come tutti sanno, in ques'anno di
grazia 1914 avremo nel Colorado le e-
lezloni cosi dette Statali.
JManco a dire che gla' da tempo ed
ora piu' che 'mai 1 diversi e molteplici
partitl che si contenderanno 1 diversi
seggi alia Greppia 'Stable, istanno
preparandosi pubbllcamente, privata-
niente e segretamepte. La lotta abun-
que, si prevede aceamta e come sempre, anche questo anno, 'si veijranno
salire agli alti seggi del potere chi ha
piu forza ed unione, come si vedran-
no schiacciati colwo che ne hanno
meno e^per di piu', dlsunione nel partito stesSo. D'altronde, t;io,' e' regola
generale di natura.       t
Come si sa', in Colorado come in
ogni altro Stato, ha plantato le. sue
radirii e sembra jngrossarsi 11 partlto
cosi detto dei "proibizionlstl", I quali,
forti e baldanzosi delle vlttorie ripor-
tate in quest) ultimi anni In diversi
Stati e paesi di questa benedetta terra della llberta'—Ahl! povera llber-
•ta'—anche questo anno In Colorado
hanno detto a suon di campana che
vinceranno a tutti 1 costi.
>NTon vogliamo certo essere pessimist!; ma veramentee francamente par-
lando: "non vl e' tanto a rldere."
Questo sudetto "pasticcio" prolbi-
zionista per cantare cosi una gloria
non an-cora riportata deve ed ha'cer-
taraente lavorato, e fortemente lavo-
rato e lavorato anche nell'ombra per
la finale -riusclta e si sara' inoltre cer-
tamente preparato ad un colpo decisive all'assalto completo con tutte le
use epergie e trombature raccolte nel
mikeiro delle sue aziende.
II coraplotto di questa assoclazto-
ne, purtroppo gla' vasta e potente, deve essere al completo. BaBtl dire che,
ad onta che In essa tutto sia mistero,
venne pure tuttavia In luce che le
■Compagnie mlnerarle del Colorado b!
sono unite a dar man forte ai proibizionlstl, e dl piu* .che hanno fatto a
questi formale promessa dl un as$olu-
to appogglo con l'obbligo anche di
imporre ai loro dlpendentl; impiegati,
lavoratori, sgherri—e chissa' anche al
mull della miniera—di dar 11 voto a
lor slgnorl In PBJO' del PROEBI-
ZIONISMO. ^
Che ne dite voi?   Se pur non e' a
SAFETY RULES ARE
\ TO BE ENFORCED
lodare .questo partito proibizionista
perche* contrario al buon senso, alle
istituzloni, .all salute pubblica ed al]
decoro di una nagione che si decanta
libera ed assoluta; pur tuttavia, come
ogni altro partito tira al proprio "ora
pro me"—e non gli si puo' dar tor-
to.—-Non -cost pero' si, puo' dire delle Compagnie mineraries del Colorado,
le quaji dimostrano ancora una volta
quanto' il loro agire sia aobiptto e
sleale, e come nutrano un odio feroce
contro il povero diavolo -che altro di-
fetto non ha che quello di averle arri-
■chlte e di farle nuotare nell-oro e
nei piaceri.    '
■Senza dubbio le Compagnie mine-
rarie dl squesto Stato saranno adun-
que, nelle prossime elezidni, contro
di hoi in fatto di "proibizioniemo" e
cio' esse fanno, senza alcun loro inte-
resse diretto, s'intende; ma alio scopo
pttramente vendlcativo verso i nostri
commerciantl del Colorado che, or-
gogllbsi e fieri, in gr*n maggiorauza
si sono schierati dall a parte degli scioperanti unionisti in quoato Jungo sciopero. Esee cio, fasinti, ror pol liire di
aver data una buona iezlone a'lo Stato; ana certamente se cio' si awerras-
se, farebbe senza dubbio un "pa-
tatrac" c'olossale in ogni ramo dl ri-
sorsa del Colorado. Sirebbe la rovi-
na di centinala e centlnala di commerciantl, sarebbe uni miseria massl-
me che si avanzerebbe su ogni pro-
spertta' attuale dello Stato.
E cosi, esse compazine, si sarebbe-
ro vendicate o almeno, Jier ora, cosi
intendqno vendlcarsi per non essere
rluscitehel loro intento di soggiosare
i minatori scioperanti, e poter far la-
vorare liberamente le lor -miniere per
12 ore al giorno, dando di paga v.na
frustata ogni sabato sera al povero
lavoratore.
•Fortunatamente pero'll Iosco coraplotto e' venuto in luce ed ora che e'
a plena conoscenza del pubblico, ora
che I cosclentl lavoratori lo sanno e
sanno da che parte e' il nemico, non
Idugino a prepararsl per una lotta
aocanita, unlrsi In fascio per calpe-
stare ancora una volta le baldanze dl
queste Infami Corporazloni che tutlo
vogliono e nulla danno e che unite
bI chlamano 11 "Capltallsmo."
Per oggi facciarao puijto; ad tin »!-
travolta.—L'Unione.
Railway   ComtrTission   Issues   Instructions to Companies As to
Changing Cars
Ottawa, 'August 4.—An order just
issued by the railway commission
gives railway companies operating
;under.*-its jurisdiction until July l,
19167 *xo make several changes in their
equipment for -safety purposes. The
changes are:
Change of location of brakes on all
■xars to comply with -the standard prescribed in the regulations of the board,
dated February 1, 1913.
•To change cars having iess ihan ten-
inch ehd-clearance ot. ladders within
thirty inches of the side o£.the cars,
to comply with the said regulations
HOUSEHOLD WRINKLES
<A .bag of salt standing where there
is , a smell of fish will absorb the
aroma.   •
Vinegar placed in a bottle of dried-
up glue will .moisten and htake it
liquid again.
■Raw potato    juice ' is    a valuable.
cleanser.    It will remove stains from j
the    hands    and    also from  woolen
r'a'brics.
(When making soups or stews, if
there is too much flavor of one .particular" vegetable, a sprig of parsley
added will equalize the flavoring.
Starched material, even though it
keeps clear longest, should be avoid
ed during warm weather The starch
.prevents a free current of air passing
through.
- After washing lamp chimneys, try
•To comply  with the" standard" pre- I.I'Olishing them  with 'dry salt."   This
Send us your orders
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Good*, Orooarlai, Boots and
Bboon, G«nU' Furnishing*
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH.AT H03MBR, B.C.
THI THING THAT FRAZZLII
If tha worker bad nothing to do but
make a llrlngjor himself and family
he would bare a clacta. It'a making
a fortune for the boa* and bla family
tbat keepa him frauled.
Workmen's Compensation Law qf B. C.
WWBBBIBWIiHH
AUSTRALIAN   HOTEL
Morrissey Junction
An ideal week end retort, with best A»h-
slng and hunting In the district    First
class accommodation.    The only hotel,
In the district*
J. STEVENS
a
lil
By Jas. H. McVety '
Of all the laws on the statute books,
probably the least understood by the
gprkers engaged in industry are
those dealing with payment tor Injuries received in the course of their
employment. But a Bmall percentage
tafee-theTiijghtesrinTereBrin"lli? sul)-
Jeet until they are seriously or, permanently disabled and confronted
with tlie possibility of having to stand
oh a street corner and sell pencils or
newspapers to eke out an existence.
One thing ls, however, very generally known, and that ls tbe extremely
poor compensation aet in force in tbe
Province of British Columbia. Witb
that knowledge the British Columbia
Federation of Labor haa for yeara
been agitating for Improvements In
tbe legislation tbat would place workers In this Province who are injured
In at least aa favorable a position aa
those of many other countrlea. So
far tbelr efforts have not resulted in
any actual result, except tbat tbe labor commission, through the evidence
aubmltted by officer! of the Federation, baa made a recommendation to
the Provincial Government- favoring
compeniatloh along new and progrea-
alve lines.
.With a view to following up thia report and alao with n deilre to emulate
the excellent example recently aet by
tbe Ontario unlonlata, tbe Federation
haa appointed a epeolal committee to
carry on a nagltatlon an deducatlonal
campaign for a better compenaatlon
act for tbe Province of Britlah Columbia. To flccompllnh thia result It la
necessary tbat the worker* of tbe
Province convince the Government
tbat a now act la really wanted and
that the workera know wbat they desire the act to rover, eo that when
the Legislature meet*, there will be
no conflict of opinion among the
varloua organisations, and particular*,
ly among tbofc crafta from which
the largM-t iiercp-ritage of cripple* are
predticMl. In tbla and succeeding la-
tue* It t> proposed to deal with the
varloua laws under whlrh damages
and compensation are now collectable
ami to compare B, f" laws with* tliri«i»
of other Provinces, Utatea and countries, A eoropsrlson will also be
mnde ot tbt* It <*. act with the new
Ipflslatlon Just enacted In the frov-
Ince of Ontarls
Common taw
Prior to ltso tht only way In which
an Injuri'd   workman   fould
miles away, whom the injured man
has never seen, was negligent and
thereby contributed to the accident
'causing tihe Injury. The saofe line of
reason applies in all common law
actions, and present day industrial
methods, with the_lncrea8ed__UBe__ot
Scribed in the said regulations in re-
spent to hand holds, running board.;,
ladders, sill--steps ami brake staffs,
except that when a car is shopped for
work amounting practically to rebuilding body of car, it must then be
equipped according to the standard
prescribed.
It is further ordered that railway
companies subject tu the jurisdiction
of the board be notified to make efforts to secure additional end ladder
clearance on cars that have ten or
more inches end ladder clearance within thirty inches of side of car, pr to
make the changes Jn end ladders,stfc
ladders, hand grips and steps which
have been made in accordance witb
the provisions of section 264 of the
Railway Act and the general order
of the board, Xo. 102, or to comply
wlth^the regulations of the board
aforesaid, until the car is shopped for
work amounting to practically rebuilding the body, at r which time sucb
changes must be made to comply with
the standards prescribed.
And it is further ordered that railway companies be not required to
change the location of hand holds, except hand holds under end sills, ladders, sill steps, brake wheels and
brake staffs on freight cars where the
appliances are within three inches of
the required location/" except that
where car3 undergo.^ regular repairs
they must be made tq tomply with the
standards prescribed. >   ~
THEY DEMAND ACTION
gives the glass a brilliant shine and
prevents it from cracking.
To ease a corn which is often painful from long standing, touch it with
a little oil of peppermint, and the
soreness -will be wonderfully lessened,
Used in water as a daily gargle,
borax keeps the throat healthy. Used
4n water for cleansing the teeth it
"disinfects" them and prevents their
decaying.
If a small brass-headed tack Is
driven into each lower portion of the
picture frames, it prevents the marks
on the walls that are so troublesome,
as the pictures are held from the wall
la fraction of an inch, thus allowing
the air to circulate behind them.
Instead of 'peeling potatoes for
steaming or boiling, simply cut a
narrow strip entirely round the center of each one. After being cooked,
drained and "-dried, in the ordinary
way, the potatoes slip easily from the
skins when tbe opposite ends ore
pressed between the thumb and forefinger.
BARTENDERS RAISE. WAGES
•The great meeting that was held in
New York Friday night is a plain indication of the general feeling of disinterested citizens about the situation
at it stlir presents itself In Colorado.
The men and women present spoke
in no uncertain terms. They evidently
were disgusted with tbe idea of one
individual, even though he might be
very rich, openly defying the authority of the President of the United
States. Holding his views, though dis-
proven and discredited, -to be over the
Interests of the entire community; of
the citizenship of this great nation,
Sucb men as Amos Plncbot, Senator
Martine, of Xew Jersey; William Dean
Howells and many other prominent
persons, were unanalmous   ln    their
dftlpnnri   that   tha   ftrtnAlU
Xew Bedford, Mass.—As the result
of a strike, the Bartenders' Union has
raised the minimum wage standard
to $18 a week.- Other working conditions have been agreed to.
NEW LABOR DAY PLEA
•Wilmington, Del.—The Central Labor Union of this city has submitted
&• proposal to its affiliated locals to
bave the business men join witb them
In a Labor Day parade. Tlie matter
was brought before the unionists in a
letter from the Chamber of Commerce. < The locals are voting on the
proposition.
BAKERS MAKE PROGRESS
WANT EIGHT HOUR DAY
Bakersfield, Cal.-—If mechanics in
other Industries can make an eight-
hour day go, why cannot the culinary
workers? asks tbe cooks and waiters
of this city. These workers have
established the shorter work-day in
two large cities, and believe that organisation and agitation will bring
further results.
PAINTER8 RAISE WAGES
St. Jobnsbury, Vt.—Painters In tbls
city have raised wages 10 per cent
without a strike. Tbelr success has
resulted In increasing their membership.
J *-«.*.. ... ha aa^mmaaiilm iZ^mX *"* [5* r<,|a,l»'«'»    «f "'«' ***«a«*
■i-ntttnaaen was ny fecourse to the eom-"--" —•-•
mm law. the l»» mnde by judges' de-
clvlons In en*** where no leglalatlve
enactments Misted.   I'ndfr thesf old
laws or high court decisions it waa
snd Is still posilble to sue for ufftsted
damatee. -provWwl It -Hia h* shown
that the Injury was due entirely to
the negligence of the employer and
-mHeffinery^ naf "greatly reduced the
number of cases where, fellow workmen do not, in some form or another,
through the Instructions of foremen or
otherwise, contribute to the cause of
accidents.
Workera Demand Change
In 1876 the Government of Great
Britain, In response to the clamor of
the workers in Industry, and as a political expedient, uppolnt a select committee "of seventeen to Investigate and
draw an act that would enable tbe
workera to get around the fellow servant defenae alwaya pleaded by the
employers in common law actions.
Four yeara later, in 1880, the House
of Commons passed the flrat Employers' Liability Art, In which employers
were made liable ror defective nays,
works, machinery, plant, buildings.
stagea. scaffolding or other erections
for the use of the employer. They
were alao made responsible for negligence of their supervisors or foremen
and for tbe negligence of other workmen proceeding under the Inatructlon
of a foreman. While this legislation
Improved tbe statin of tba Injured
worker, he still was unable to recover
If the injury waa a result of an ace!-
lent, or If he contributed, by bis
own negligence, to the accident by
which he was Injured. Neither could
he succeed, if ht> knew tbe machinery
or working* were defective and did
not report the defective condition to
the employer or hia foreman, The
act also fixed a maximum amount of
damages recoverable under Ita provisions, , This legislation was copied
In the various dominions of the Ilritlsh Empire, the Ilritlsh Columbia (lov-
eminent iiumIiir timllar legislation In
IMI.
Ha Use Cimfted
From tbe fort-going it will be tteen
•bat Ihe ne«Hat»nce of Ute »»m|iJn'itir
muai im t-».«i»il'-iiM beyond pcradvoti >
tur* lo *
ttm been
caw* where th<» defective msrhlnery ,flI,,,, .,,,« ,,K|,Mll,   thw
could be produced, or whew witnesses [\\,,J,K .iff Swi?*v;rT'te«i   «>£' *«r hi* *"Mm hi
could be soured to teattfy a« to It. , *J'.Jf?, '*•' ,b? a'V   •  ?   ,   u !»» «**" «•«*'» ^ l,uu «lU-    <        i
conditio*.    Ih  minin* accidents    all ^K^u^ aSl'"'..l '"  i    Vred W   IMt   secretary of IHatrlct j
tbe wltnesse* are Invariably destroy-,    Thf ka'!!f»M eltlwlt* of the entire 13'. of 'ht* .Minn*-' rniou, testified that j
—'■■'■'        " ....' ...   - 'j^,   rtjjuM-s!    K<»ti*«.  from   -McAlester.!
gusted the entire natlpn should not be
permitted to continire or recur, even
though It should become necessary
that the United States Government
must take over the mines to prevent
the same.
These men realize that the Federal
troops cannot remain In Colorado Indefinitely; that when the troops are
withdrawn, thc intent Is to reopen the
campaign of force directed by the
creatures of the operators tn the State
and county offices. They alao realize
that even though the Rockefellers
and their henchmen were able to subdue the striking miners, tbe conditions
that tbelr undisputed rule had brought
| about In the past would again prevail,
and tbat tbe political and unchecked
power they have held and atill desire to maintain la detrimental—nol
disgraceful—4o both State and nation.
Again, history of  the  paat  thirty
years in tha Colorado coal fields baa
proven that aven though the present
strikers could be   driven   from    the
State, the mlnea worked, by the men
wbo have been Imported, the hard and
unnatural conditiona   tbat would   be
Imposed on those men would Inevltab-,
ly drive tbem to revolt in the course L
of a few years.   Then all the norroraf,
of tbe last nine months would be repeated.
Three times in tbe last few years
haa the mining population of Colorado
been driven out. Three different seta
of men have been forced to desperate
revolt.
.The United -Ststea 'lovernmeut has
been tailed upou to bring order out of
chaos. The entire State of Colorado
wa* practically in revolt, "
The opportunity is here to heat tbla
Fall River, Mass.—Organizer, Dooley, of the Bakery Workers' Union,
reports that a number {of shops in this'
city have signed agreements and that
others are expected in the near future.
FORM  NEW  DISTRICT
—Danvliie—ftft=aMHChlniBT*s effiployen
by the Chicago & Eastern Illinois
Railroad have formed a new district.
This action was necessary owing to
the sep aratlon of the C. & E. I, from
the "Frisco system.
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD JFELLOWS
Meets    every    Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K, P.
■ Hall.
Xoble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mclklejohn.
t
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays iu
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE   -
■Meets every other Monday
at 8 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASv
, SOOIATION
Lady   Terrace Lodge,   Xo.
224, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of   HI
each month at 8 p. m. HI
.MRS. J. BROOKS, W. lM.
W. ORR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
■third Friday evening ot each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHTOX, W. >M.
'   J. SKILLIXG. Rec. Sec.
Crow's Nest Business
' College
And Academy ef Langauges
J. W. Bennett, Principal
. Classes, arranged- for^ny tim»
during day'or evening
Writ* For Proip.ctui
Johnson-Falconer Block
FERNIE       :-:        B.C...
\
MIN|RS WAIT CONTEMPT
DECISION OF U. 5. JUDGE
Union President and Six Othtrs Figure In Case of Unionists
Huntington, Ark. Aug. 4.—United j
Rtates Judge Youmana will render bis I
decision lu the contempt charges i
ngalnst President P. It, Stewart, of!
Miners'. I'nlon, and nix other* within
the next three weeks. The cases oc-j
i upied thi. time of the Federal Court
for tht; past two week|.   Over a bun-
bell on ibe k«U ^tohtic'once "and for"! ^^ wl,»M,8«f« *•* •umttiotwi,
"v*'' !   Judge Youmana statwl at the con
■fc°,Vi'"iof lh*' ,M,,,0,U,, Oovern-jelusion of the argument* by the conn-
used   to   ItiKtire   fhe**f»! for the Mnrnmoth  VHn fn.il Win-
91-.*. *.ii,*tt-t, „(  „.» ng-ftt,,, rrom i ing   Company
Autin should be
tSSXiS "•■•'* "*f*ii**t iMiaim-n i„.hlk .     .-,  -"    '•   ■■■-   ••»»."*,   .."(iiiinK   i «m miiy    aim tite    t'nltet   Mine
to surceed.   Tlie m t bat there-1    .i** "* "Mi ,rt,"n *" ■»»** estranged. \\Wk,.r« ,f    mt,i,. .>*..   *,.  1 A,\
been Hmlfd In its w.ef«w   X    Kv"r>  l»»#aMrsUm,. ,Verv Sx, '   , "wlwl
i where the defective machlnerv X* ,h»« *»» »»®*n **ttt Into lit* strike'     ,,M"««'^ "•« i"*"iiH.i> ul u„. wu*
strike!
tuisltlnn   of the
new* furtht-r »tt
that he would ren-
er    The defrmJ.ihts
are nnsble tn sureeed under (his teg. * n*i'ow iim <M*t**1*d. ashamed.
r.r3fc * -.-j^i-".'zixsry - ' v "•■isss salaa"..^..'^"'r
UNNOTieio MIROI,
List of Locals District 18
It
Sf
Itt
111
MS
tttt
13*3
tttt
wm
1ISS
mn
utr,
ttm
\u
ttm
t*»
rat
W*m»
Wtm* A.b Mine
«<• m V
* *-
■ 4#*#
to rely ott
!>«im who
ttvellable  to one m<te n<*  the wther.
T!ie miners er*: ther-efore, t-ticntielted
to dejieuil entiri'ly on worfcrneii')* com-
lien nation acts, »lil< h ew b,**d on an
entlrelv  dlffi-r^tt   |irl»et*»l*'
.Wm 'Wsfrtt.TsHer, kbe
**u?.tF. Whaatleir, flanlthead, AHa.
tbM IN «r*rh<v ia >«»«««) ***f^:i*t the twe methods elreailv d**r-rib*d-
Pthle for the lnj»ry   ln tke year m, ^ ,rtl,.r w„, ^al m.,,f) fJ)U   fc
tH F.*tbmu*d Court of Ragland,   in of .%.., -.itlU|,|an i„ - i,,^- ,_„..
the not ot Primly ft. Fowler, held " '"   •ifn*"on "» » ""4*r '*»*♦■
that beeatite n Miow aervant of the     T„„ ^     M f-)(, .
Vlslntlff wa* itflKlnlly rt»»i»on*lhle fer    . 4 "*"
Ihe accMent, the emplojrer was .not  hwshands.   SnM the nrtti: "fv.  Ihiii
tmWm tut dnmnn***   TSil'a decision v^'msrrlel  thw time*.    Ks« li td   mx !_,
tnellv eitshHuhed »be "e*t»et*t*ra   t*t 	
tnmn etr»e«i»   detent*. nUbtmtb ity""--""" •* «'-■•. »«*•»*•   »»*> «•'•
There nt. In r<M»» who hav* *-.,.f-i-r
j    Heard the fearful «W» Od bat'I'.
,lt*ta*'i* *h«. «mlnni*M forever
j    Idilwir whew tin sabre* rattle;
j There sre kernes who atne glrl-n*
i    Jdy tu uA-4-tr tin* hy dny
i Who are maktuti life worth lit to*
■    .lust Uy eum'.iia li«it##t pm_.
*,»..*    I fLH     Hi
Ve 4-tHefct ten*'.
»ti».t»  t|*. i »'.
talew by t*ie Hrm** ot 1MH in » caw
Bser-r Creek ,,„|. Ueghraa, Baavsr Ctebb, vki Wacher. Ate. \mtom trom   the   Statu** courts.
' *-""*"--"•■ iHtrtnem who amy no* he uttartnt
Her ttm,*l «•• n dtmr ^^ ■»«#»!   *i»**««or that the (.rwd Inherit;
ivi*tiii»t the »m'r«p#s mmtr.lftfd by the
ltf'V4le artiiiii g:iar*'iit>. He ».*l<ii»-.1 li..'
'bn erm* w«.-re »hlt»i>e-il wl*li<nt» the
inmaleilite ^tif l'r««-iti!i»f!' Jt'cnirt
Itwpmy Marshal   llm   H«'»    •ho h«»
' hfpf,  «tji»V>r.f'l  ;*'   Mfr.c   V<'»   !  !« i,n|i
* Msrehsl Fr;tnK  Msjes a.lvisij oi th*
■lUitettott.   «?i<-n  pltirr,* ,.){  (!i.**    maikI
-Si'ttU'll   tin*     ll *Uliii>lt>     *4     «.<liij»nti,*)
;a'i«rtT».
\    f*r*eaidenft  Htewar'   f,e»t!fled  he fead
tm?
jMNfie-riMl**••**«{,»-,,,.,wadetteo imrwo. non #% isgwwra^
IlwirasAfw.,,.,,,,.,,,., W. C. t'^wtawphew, Blalrmora, Alfa.
ftWWt*       ..       T r,   lta*r*ra  tftaa-ttmnt   «W*
C»i1>M»daIo.............J. SUickaM-, Carhoadale. Colsaaag, Alt*
ATmtmmmmWtt »a a » * * « ** <n* * eo JliCMMi^ f»iMt efmt \mmmKmewp <MH»
Colemati............... J. ibbeetm. Cotemnn. Alu>
OovMs...',,,,,,,,,,,.,, flvot, EhI'% tHenm, Il v-
CbteHtt Mlnea......... Jaa. Hom^Chh^k. tfa IMammid Ctty, Aim
f.aoii#,.........,*,.9*9tsi'ttee. tjeamt, wwteie, h. ir.
Vrnnk.........,..,.....Kmo 'Morttno, freak. Awe,
Utmmr. W. »al4erstoae, tteomer. Ik V,
Wtfttmtt  Jaa. ftwtna: itfUnNM. Alt*
I^#WMl«t#  I* M««re, 1781 itxtk Arttooit, X Lmibrlit*
t*mMow vmerttm,., Frmftk narrtecham. TVtalhwwt ABA.
 T.«. ItartiMt, PrntAmncAbe.
.... If. mmt, Uietotl, n, C,
Tt\ .-m--%Monmmmdme   llsailiaM    A te-tn
t. It** I NM I m>m_ WmmKewmw%u StmtyKk:
Mm ItutXer. GMrgetowa. CaaaMre. Alu.
ttetrr SfdfeiMw, Kotdntot. *f» TtetHcr Mmni*
«l& llmaa, Alberu.
tte bi^itaa^M otten'mltmAmZiMi*   '&*■ ^nud *H*nu*eti to  hertTTlIb2VSlH '*'   nhW
btmtm-Lem
'htm   mak
•n-ftrth*
Now is
The fime fo
Buy Utensils for
Preserving your Fruit
Call in and look
over our stock, wo
are sure to Imve
something'* to
plefiHe you. Botli
in priee & qimlity
-    '{<*A*\ ''",<'y
* *   Wl      t "-■,-. *     9    ^        '
■'**.). x
J. D. QUAIL
Hardwarfi & Furniture
Phone 31
f&HNm    a.    B* O.
r    th,*mitin1*tt*a    mor*\    "Wb-tf *i!t Mt**  tttdn
en vai-x tbv
I employer Is si
'r-mptwt*
»aide to*]
aaayoe   *
t^H*.**,.**.   *t),.\.   **    99,% i.
•aaniMrt'i fellow j'Ho*-  wo«,4erful ate «e>* of tlmt
Tben tk* pantf^rrd ron* of tings
*«   imnter   iOn.drn**     »*'*  *  bn* htm nn tben* lk*t* nt* b*rm*n. orenmtdtin
! '    '     - year ani hit-- tVver been able to *«1
|       I IT «NMM !«**«*• Men RRn       ««.■   *»m.!.-m,   %ed    ywitt-    be J  ha*.
!rrJJ^^^?TlW.'«-'»«■•• - ■-••"   The xnemet.
| «**«»rf I   l« » I ■«.<« nr ,.,**.) f,„,(,,,n.,i ,,(, " .
*h*i4« l-mx...
MWw4......
Peetdtarg.,.*.,
• mui *-*#*■>«»•
-ttmammwam, f
iir,iit*eata afniigF*
,.,...     A,,.1)   Iin   .,«.»•.    *.,  , ,,, r»   I*.   I ,,,,  mill I
take tntetrwil *f«fMHlf#«,   lt«tr» Onunt,
, .       *., ,    «,(...   U.*    LitMrnl  »,,.,   mmirtl*  »i„ •
Inmrk »i^lt*u..   ft ara* a«tar,n*7i%.A
\ttmttmt ttit*»-». „*,««ris;,*TT<**ry„V
' • „ ti'i   .•.**!» u>,6 in u -it'*)mittt mt-mtt-ttt,.
mw    ft t« r^mpmaae nt TSe lert"R!Z.
iwn,, tf*     <trt„   ift,'!i4,*i *..iuul i<ir*  ,i
,     i " j,    »' *    *S" 'XX *.■** •*•»••••»» «<*-
» » imrsmot etst.. Pm*,, «r#»^„ ..
*..t.t i,.   tiixsiifvi*. \itlt,   ;*„,
T.itu* Jfit, * ;„nlt!v Mtt* «,,, ......i,
mbr wii.UK
* t ti. •  »«,.  netaitlK "IWk   \tt *•**,
;»* «.-»?■«# mg «p|»fjir»-ii ta • i*te te*i*e <
■,•*   s   *;i,,t   n%«*W?
V.t: '•• !*    ':> r#hv
Who nre *trttjtts <lab. yr*ti$.
ii; tbr atfti* me wnn'.! Nt- «*tnine
Ma>    rvlt    nmmSrv    »hine    ntire
< it-erix:
Tht**9,,    .,9,    fc^*.,1r.(    ,],..,,        •    '        '
Ulr" il>   tttiitttf  mil*  itt*      -tttit
It, -"iirriwtid'nirs tt,»■   •».  - -v-"
->t»-»?*i  -he   Ivrt"***   ' •'   •
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tm *t
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«**<*»■,, ■*.- tt
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ia
Y*»fk.
'A-.*  ,f  u-t   *.,n-,e-l.in   Is,  « .-,
*.ii.l* lit-.-r :u Sem Vuii,    ,t...
i
ne  o'Jitr  *i*ii*>tt   »{,«. ■ mney:  ar,
1*4419
,'X ,t*'   [.ill*  '..,   ,„r..,.
Th-tre at* bartttt % '»■  *
XXko wtlltl i*t-it ix,.-
ni-.fi    iln*   "f i»-»*r*ve« *6t*A. ta u,,*,. j,...
w it *f r t* tbf- |»»|MV *cht*tid tv*<Mh$      XnObOt tw ike Ua**- »4   •
," ■ i>   " iii tei   ».>fe. Wt-i-j-je,  -»itfc  ^ky   mm  i*.%*tt*  %r,t%.
*■'*..•*'       ' '*,   '',,'.  i. J. .^ ...» *tatu
l $ K K
'  *%tt*.
'■tttttk+ra
• 't.t*t%
t .*   r
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if   •   •
t    nt   u
N . -.     X .    It
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f»ll«
Oil*   .It >.
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b*e* ',
MR* t» k ih :•»;<
. '% >l
tttt *.•""♦
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:.*■)»'.  «,i„
I*   KtK-4   ten
in
t ,t)*'*l
<»  »iet|»    my
ktama' Ditttnctten
l'i*    *t4<i t«»«l  ba*,,.    9,autiouni fur
b***it::«  bi-   fi.U, itll  4it  he  kliei*   to
,i.i' tl,«   bliti,,- ..t, hi*    tiurih^rlfj U*.
<;.i it, «.•!.«*!«#•<!ie na* ent4e«| ky tb*
,«-<t, f.-r «.*» H*k td tzlUutr*
••>  >,•    ,'■   '.'       *tiOtl   t   >j. J j,   ,!   ,-k*,f
in t titb   if, mnl'.t* *fcelr teo*Hr*ln
■     > •.,„•-*.      -,.->,,„, *,, -.   ,(,**.
!"*." ■ ," J*   tk.taiti   «|*l.t*»-   ,iej|.|
*•! ,'.v •»»*    t rmidA at  add* A,    t*tt
,    ^       .    „., I,    ., „   ttt i-rt   Mtt*   »| 4   au
s  t,t .    A....,  ».*  'lm. f  n»«yi))rr<i'r taw
i*- , •* .it btd ft,,  t,.J m,   iu i0tH
' .i     m i , . i i.,«« t
i      *•    A^* 4 *,,,     fl*.!- 0,9 "
1   r!j kat»* af wbe, >«»»« h^t.oi; i*.
'**"<m'*t*d  Put
J '■ •   ti *, .*t ,*•   *t,*% , j
1«.f if *, ,vj m %" * . *   *• , *• \ . ,   ,,
( u. ir t»ftf,«»" mrttt fct Va\   ,; * X ,,*,35 ~ *age eight
!?if^^^^^^™wr^TWWfS!!!
AV-^'i^UiUlJ^Jyiw ^aa^MJME
TS3R-
<?••*,
"     7^7'-i» A I'SiUiX*'   -\    ^'i5^,,   " ^ • "<<•   x-  •;"- ,; ^ y* ^ .-> *> *&*-
f
THE DISTRICT IJBDQHk lPJ]EBt:B._0., AUGUST 8,1914
* ,1...
.:\
Men's Department
MEN'S SHIRTS
Men's outing shirts, with reversible collar and
buttoned cuff; sold all season at $2.00 each; wil
be cleared Saturday at  $1.50
MENS WORKING SHIRTS, IN BLACK SATEEN
OR KHAKI TWILL
Collars attached, all sizes, 14% to 17V*. Special
for Saturday only, each  , .75c
MEN'S WORK GLOVES
A line of horse hide gloves will be offered at 50c '
per pair as an inducement to Saturday shoppers.
These gloves are worth $1.00 per pair; have wrist ,
fastener and will give excellent wear.   Saturday
only, per pair 50c
HERE'S YOUR CHANCE IP YOU WANT
BRONKO  GLOVES
Regular 75c gloves, with string wrist fasteners,
will be cleared, while, tliey last, on Saturday, at per
pair » 45c
Listen to Reason
Common sense applied to the purchasing of
your footwear will convince you of two things:
That you cannot get value in a cheap shoe, because the materials which enter into their making
must necessarily be cheap.1 That "cheap" shoes
cost more than really goo-4 shoes-—because their
lack   of  durability   necessitates   frequent   pur
chases. These are good reasons why you should
buy INVICTUS SHOES; they possess every attribute of style, comfort and durability. That's why
■this store's reputation is back of every pair Ave
sell.
Ladies9 and Children's Wash Dresses
■*"' •'">■-. '■ - -      * "        ■. ',
at Cost For -Saturday
SEPARATE RATINE COATEES
$3.95 Each—Values to $6.50
Twelve only. "Women's 'wash
ratine coateeis,' finished with or
without belt; newest styles. .Colors, pink, mauve, cream, br-tfcade
cream and white, tan, champagne.
Special   $3.95
SERGE AND PANAMA v
DRESSES, SPECIAL AT $6.50
Colors, black, navy, Copenhagen, green, tan and brown; sizes,
34 to 44, made from good qualities Shrunk serge and panama.
Made to wear and give satisfaction.   Special  $6.50
36.IN. CAMBRIC, 2 YARDS FOR 25c
Made from a fine quality cotton and.absolutely
free from filHng, full 36 in. Saturday special, 2
yards for  25c
LADIES' WASH DRESSES AT COST PRICE
We are offering the balance of our summer wash
dresses at prices that will'insure a speedy clearance. Among the assortment are some very dainty
models in ratines, voiles, crepe de chenes and embroideries.   Saturday special COST PRICE
CHILDREN'S  WASH DRESSES, $1.00
These come in repps, ginghams and ducks, nicely
trimmed and fast washing colors; sizes, 1 to 6. Saturday special $1.00
FIVE PAIR FOR $1.00
Full fashioned ladies' seamless lisle hose, comes
• in sky, pink, cardinal, champagne and black; absolutely the best hose ever offered at the price.
Saturday special, 5 pair for ' $1.00     >
LADIES' RIBBED VESTS, TWO FOR 25c
A fine, strong rib knit, and a good wearer, Saturday special, 2 for . 25c
LADIES' STYLISH HATS, $1.95
"We have about 20 models left which we are offering at this ridiculously low price. Coroe early
and get firstjehoice.  Saturday special $1.96.
Grocery Specials
L
For Saturday
HARDWARE SPECIALS FOR SATURDAY
JAPANNED BREAD TINS
$1.00 value for
$1.25 value for
$1.50 value for
$1.75 value-, for
$1.35 value for
i
.f' .85
. .1.05
. 1.25
. 1.40
ENAMEL PAILS
JAPANNED  SLOP  PAILS
Regular 90c, for	
.$1.10
..75c
WHITE ENAMELED SLOP PAILS
Regular $1.75, for $1-40
Regular $2.00, for **- -$1-60
Grey Enamel slop pails, regular $1.75, for... .$1.40
TUNGSTEN LAMPS
10'and 15, watt... 35c        25 watt  40c
40 watt 50c    f   60 watt 55c
China cups and. saucers in clover leaf pattern,
white, with' three gold lines. White with blue edge.
Regular $2.00. doz., for $1.65 doz., Saturday and
Monday only. „.'
Dalley's French,Mustard, 16 ,oz.  .$ .20
Dalley's French Mustajd, 16 oz., 2 ior. :....'..  ,25 .
Mixed Biscuits, 2 lb............ I A.    55
Slab Fruit Cake, per lb ,."••••. .',..'-    .30
Dalley's Combination Shoe Polish, bottle .._.;.   .15
Laurentia Milk, large tins —■,..;'• ,., .15
f        -. '    ■■    *.
Laurentia-Milk, 20 oz. tins v    ,10"
Robin Hood Cream of Wheat, 2 pa.........,   .25
k Corn Flakes, 3 pa .A.  J..   .25
. Cocoanut, bulk per lb w 25 .
Cowan's Chocolate Emblems, per lb.    .35
Robertson's Cream Chocolates   *.35
Robertson's Kisses, per lb 15
Robertson's Mixed Candy, 2 lb, for '.    .25
s Sunkist Peaches, 2 lb. tin / .....:,    ,30
Valencia Rfoispns, 31b. for     .25
Dates, 1 lb. for.., 10
Dalfton's Lemonade, small bottle, 2 for.    .25
Dftlton's Lemonade, lar^e bottle     .25
Heinz Pork and Beans, large size     .25
Heinz Pork and Beans, med., 2 for 35
. Rogers' Pure Cane Syrup, 2 lb. tin    .1***,
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3 lb. tin  7. IM
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3for.. f : 25
Pure Lard, 5 lb. tins    -75
DON'T WORRY OVER THE HOT STOVE GET-
*,     TING UP A MEAL
x
Let our moat department make things easy for
you. You will always find a great varioty of the
choicest cooked meats ready to serve.
m
Money Sav-
ing Prices
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
The Store of
Quality.
V
BRANCHES AT FERNIE,.MICHEL, NATAL   AND COAL CREEK
#
LOCAL INTEREST
James Falconer returned on Saturday from u month's tour of thu eastern rltloa.
Stanley Dicken, Assistant City
Clerk, loft on Tue*day for a two
week.-*' vacation at .Moyie.
Gaoler Wood of the city police force
resigned on the 3ist Inst., and left on
Saturday for England.
W. A. Wtllmott, Inspector of preemptions was In tho city on Saturday
nnd leli Sunday morning for Cranbrook.
Tlio regular monthly tea of the
Ladle*' OullU of Christ Church wilt be
ehld on Wednesday, August 12th, at
the h-jme of Mrs. II. E, Barnes. Gem-
mill -street, from 11:30 to 6 p. m.
F. W. Sterling, District Freight
Agent nt Nelson, tin** J. K. Turton,
General Freight Agent of the c. t*. «„
Montreal, wero In the dty on Tuesday
on official business.
Lieut. Col. Jos Mackay and Capt.
(S. Q. Moffatt sont a wire to Col. Hoy,
I). O. C, at Victoria, reqeustluit that
they be authorised to take steps to
organise n regiment In the Bast Koo|-
■Mmy District a* one*
A p*rty of C. P. R. officials, at the
head of which was f). C, Coleman, ar-
rived on Saturday at Klko In • tp«s
elal car, whoro the party, by means of
saddle and pack horses. went Inland
•erne tw*tv* aril** on the South fork
«nd will epead ten daya fishing and
banting,
. A telegram wat receive* from the
Minister of Mllltla la response to one
dispatched fro* Immw on Monday, r*.
<l«**tlag authority to re-orfanlse thn
f*gfa#at ot Koeteaay Wfk-s. nn toi*
Iowa: Mnny thanks for kind offer.
Official notice will be aent In k few
dan,'*
Yoaag Maawoti feaa been signed for
two bows ta tal* ptnee tbls amath.
On A«ir**t tHb b* bote* hts old rival.
Cterlle Ln*e*. tbe Italian lightweight
bort, net m Aagant Mtb   bo  bono
WW* tbntt. tbo   *!****   11tbt*er*trk*
tmm memo, wm boo a victory to Moi
MriNutt, oint tokuxy   ntUmy,     ttoi
p«**at Kgbtweigbt ebampkm of Coo-1
•An, wim ftloo en** Ff*Mly W«|»b, tk* ]
metm tHIofeoMor of tbo  world, •
bant bottlo, ]
Maiweit bemn mrrrli at RooabiRd.l
B. C Io ■ootiat rsrrtll, Maiwell
win «ool oto ot tbo elerertot IH
pinion It tbo gaoM. Maxwell boa
■tartod trthiMt and It eo«f3d««t tbat
bo wUl wta boib battUa. Hoatotoobo
to bi two bntd ooodKtoo ood tf *l*»
lettoao ia bat* taules. bo will #»
aftor SnAemf (Theory, tbo prenotd
obempme tdi'onnm Maiwetia many
frl«Mo wfB to flooood to oto ktoi to
otftsoo iii two Wdmemcy eewtdsry, w-booo
ee teeeet owwiwi gtwo ngnrt   too
office staff and other officials, on the
'•Jim inst., received* the customary one
month's notice to quit. After the ex-
plrntlon of this period the Hosmer
.Mines, Ltd., will cease to exist insofar
us Hosmer is concerned, and there
will only remain employed there some
fifty men, who are employed by the
Clou's .Vest I'ass Coal Company, of
tills city, who have leased a number
of coke ovens at Hosmer, and will
rajnire these men to operate them.
In the City Leuguo Daseball fixture,
on Priday evening, the Clerks made
9 runs to the Coal Company's 5. Dur-
liiB the progress of thc game, George
lllgi-tts of the Coal Company team
wan struck ou the head by a ball by
the opposing pitcher and rendered unconscious. Ue was taken to the
hospital, where he has remained -ever
since and Is slowly recovering.
The drnnby PonsolWmted Mining,
Smelting nnd Power Company notified the Crow's .Vest Pass Coal Company here by telegram on Monday
taut that until further notice all
shipments of coke were to be discontinued. Thin means that tho coke
shipments from Fernie will be reduced
by some nine thousand ton* per
wcolt. In tbe absence of any other apparent causo for thit depreoilng nowa
the cltlsens of Fornlo attribute it to
tho present European conflagration.
HIUOItltT RILIir FUND
Amount already promised and
NCOlTOd  v $4.629 30
T.Crtban, Michel 	
100.00
Hosmer Literary ond Social
vlll W     • t t t * t      ata-t-tatataaaaa
33.30
Cirbondale Local 	
109.90
DiBkhoad Local 	
110.00
(). Thompson, Fernie	
500
(1, K. Cowtll, per Dankhoad
football Clab 	
Sl.00
P. 0. -Morrlton, Fornlo	
5.00
■tm, AI0IJ0, -Portia  ,
1.90
Alt, Dragon, Pernio..........
1.00
X ft «o44oby, ftrai*	
IwW
Win. Rata, ftoalo 	
1000
Dobson 4 WMlnghom, Ferule
10.00
O, F. Jobaooa, Fornlo	
5.00
W, V. Muirhead 4 Co, For-
■lo •>•<••• ,,.,.,., ......
5.00
A, (,!„ Upkntdt, fnvnin ,
Lm
Lift 4 FUbor. Fornlo	
100
me, •moooi, vou vtooo	
em
Saturday last .was the sixth anniversary of the big fire which removed
the city of Fernie for a short time off
the map, and lt would seem ln honor
of that occasion the fire fiend again
visited this vicinity. While these
bush fires are not Immediately endangering llils city, it Is now ln the centre of a district ln which there are
mure bad bush fires raging than
since. 1S08, when the town was wiped
out, and hundreds of men bave been
employed from here by the Provincial
Government to fight these fires. The
fire on Thursday last which destroyed
a numbi!*r of buildings at the town of
Corbin Is now beyond that place,
headed for the Flathead country and
•some li lind red and fifty men are working night and day endeuvorlng to put
It out nnd stop the destruction of the
valuable timber that it it now In. On
Saturday a fire sprung up about two
mJiea cist of the town of Hoamer and
rapidly gained headway, owing to a
high wind, and In a thort tlmo the
town of Olten wat In danger, but tome
eighty or ulnety mon were put to
work and were able to prevent any
damage being done to tho town, although It Is still raging In the timber
Immediately adjacent to that place.
On -Sunday afternoon a large Art
started within a couplo of miles of
Elko, about eighteen mllet west of
horo, and a forco of fifty men, with
relnforcemonto constantly arriving,
expect lo provent any damage to tho
town. Tho largest firo in thit neighborhood It now racing in tbe vicinity
of Waldo, a town on tho O. N. Rail,
way aouth of horo. and to long aa tbo
flro-flghtert art ablo to koop It from
Jumping tbo rlvor Kootonay. tbo loot
will bo conflnod to tho tlmbor alono.
bat thould tt Jonp tho; rlvor. thot
Waldo tad Samoa and a nniobor of
taw milts will bo In Immodlato dan*
ger of bofag totally dostroyod. Tho
eteeptioaatly long dry spoil lo ao-
cooatatlo for tbe rapidity with wbkh
tbooo flroa tain hoadwar, aftkovgh
tbo fin patrols havo boon laeroaood
dotted ibo loot two wooka, tit flrot
roatlati to tpriat tm.
L 0.0. M. PICNIC AT ILKO
was a time when it, was thought it
would be necessary to tie several of
the Elko resident down, so exhuber-
ant were their spirits.
Upon arrival at Elko the party adjourned to the ball ground, whero
lunch baskets were.opened and the
contents partaken of.
At 2 o'clock the children's sports
■\ere programed, and the youngsters
entered into the spirit ot tho sport
uith real zest. After the sports a
biseball game was arranged between
the Elko Juniors and a scratch team
ot the visitors. The kiddles put up
a fine, spirited fight and took thln?t
real serious. E. J. Evans, Codar Valley, acted as umpire and thoro were
times when It waa thought wo ahould
huve to protect tbe "ump" againat the
wrath of young Elko. However, every.
■thing went ott first rato, but wiib
won he do not know. The trippers arrived back ln Fernlo on tho ti'.'M
train, thoroughly satlttlod with tho
day's outing, and determined that neit
year (If we're not wiped out by tire)
to repeat tho dote.
The Loyal Order of Moose with to
thank the Elko Hoard of Trado and
cititent for tbe vory excellent manner
in which they helped thom to spend
the day In tbelr city.
LOYAL OROIft OP MOOtt
(Continued from Pace 0»e)
There will be a mooting of all who
have tickets and money out la -nou*
nootlon witli picnic Sunday night, at
7; 30, at tho Ledger office, to settle all
•ocooBte.
On Monday night a apodal aootint
will be hold la tbo K. P. Mall, to re-
eotro roport on picnic and Initiate
now membera.
All brother* art rentioded that tbo
ooerottry ia la attondaioo om boor
boforo tbo meeting (7 to lh to re-
va.
The
empteyoe   et   tbo
6. tt. P, LtAOUi-«UTI CUP
•Mateiee tost lotorday:
Coleman   vt.  Frank.
Wlu*» of Cool Crook^wtto
Hllkrtet.   Referee. J. Mooro.
Metefcee ployed loot Ratorday:
Coal Creek. 3; r*nti«, 1.   ttetertn,
1 If-OPNO,
IVaa*. I; forhtn. <l totttm. R.
T-nanst
The ajAU.li ba-tivtaa Tutul* -uU
Cml Crmek. owing to detkneoa, waa
tl«fpod foor oat eotfcalf Blown* *#-
f^tdatOL TWutwtlnboort tare
entered tk* aaiKl to ia tnptny*d st
Om) Ciwelt «• Tbaooiajr. Awgoat dtb;
fckkoff aot ie**r tlaoa t:it.   Referoo,
ttm Imt Iookod40r pteaie of tto L,
ft ll  M »»Atf *lttt*e t* Otktt* *a* tlumtati
I of lent wpok/wboa bbmt IM Moeoo.
wMb tone bwodrod eolvet took tw tbekcwiotve,
Mgkto »f tk* "treatoot tow* to tboj
tbm*, tio C. F. R, jfwtloi Vm
tpoeitl roacbeo for Uio aocomojoda-
Roforoe J.!tion of tho eKcunioBlata, who travel-
"■■-     L*^   t^kU*.^^   I^.Ah3tL     ■**■• ■■"■     kdiU    ktk^i^k^m^   U^^t
1^   ^am  nk-'Ww^o*  am^w^e    ™ -*wm* - *w waatr   w^mammamnp   ^w^^f
tnpott boo* aoi tb* Coal Orook Kk>
celatorband. Tl* latter bead It to be
eompUnented 00*0 tho very oplrttod
MUMOf la wbkb tboy tur>#d op, poy*
Hv oil Ibolr «wa otpootet aad gttttg
tbelr tervlee* fro*,  tier ptayoi *•
iiiixxn to {be depot, n th« trtla,
got*   tokotloM «t taw ban
aad ia (lie tonta of Bl-ko. A little mure
of tbU tptrU mmm ooslly bo dlopity-
ed by etbor moeloal awrtgatloaa wbo
beeet et emeb et flair tapabffmea
Tba H*t¥ baad, wbkb waa tba tem-
tnrtr menem bom* twt tb*
alo* mitrod ojlntiaao at tbo
itat*b*tfota*iatallM» to Ioh -l-nm
XoUeo la boroby give* tbat a dividend at tbe rate of etvea (7) por eoat
por aanam opon tbo paM«p capital
otock af tbo Ho*m Haaa oc caaaoa
haa booa deelarod for tbo throe
moatto oading tba Hit of Aagaat,
IHI, aai tbat tho tome win bo aar»
able at tho head offteo aad brtaohot
on aad aftor Taooday, tb* flrot 4ay of
■tpteabor, 1911.  Tbo troaefor book*
•♦tl tm wta-eM tmm* ♦»»» tttt* ttt ttm
Mot of Manet. 1914, %oth ia?* lo-
eOMMUNWATtO
Nord«*«t. ARa« Jaljr W, tflt.
wm*t* ve-0-ttrt 1 *ef*m Teamte tt t. •
[ A. roport la gotag anwad fWiilo
fiat Bro. Uxkveed Wiay woo arab-
Wag at tbo nomom ■•■••» tttn-
ma. datfag th* 1s«t ttrffca, w*K* wo
.bad to Jaa*.
I might Mat* ttet ttta vapNt ta **t
troo, ao Um Wntr mt* atart** la
work oa tb* Oth -of lalf, aftor Ua ia»
twat acf«i«»L ttbUb beet aha oa lb*
■■»-■* ~*w^ *m^ Mtmtm ^^mwm mlsa oum*nMem      9 '*i^imAtB
fraternally y**f* <
»• m—imam* nttm-
. .4 ^^^mtmata, ^^**
concession would be given the opportunity to transfer.
Tbe Hon. W. R. Rosa very candidly
told his hearers that when he called
upon Hosmer ln hit political campaign, he waa always rewarded with a
majority of fifty to a hundred votes,
consequently he felt It encumbent upon him to do all he could for them.
Further, he was pleated to tell them
ao.
Upon \Vt. Robton developed the
duty of reply to .Mr. Ross, and to the
credit ot that gentleman, let it be
taid that ho certainly made the Minister of Lands look exceedingly foolish. Dill thought that the former had
not ttated the caae fairly when he
said that by returning the $22,000 collected by the Government through
auctioning lots, they would be creating a precedent Thero waa no
analogy between tlie position of tbe
towua or Donald or Frank, and Hoamer. The Government did not auction lots in either of these towns. In
aplte of what Mr. Rooa had aald. he
thought tbat the matter might be laid
before the ProvJnelal Executive. Continuing, Mr. Robson aald ho waa not
acquainted with tho deal by which the
C. P. It. acquired tbete coal lands
from the C. N, P. Coal Co., hut (Ur.
Ross, who had acted In tho capacity
of legal adviser, thoold be. The
apeaker atated tbat aomo alx years
ago. during election time, tho Winnipeg Telegram, acting tor tha Intoreots
of Conaerrativoa in Manitoba, and
desiring to point oat lb* InlqulUe* of
Laarlor and tbooo wbo tupportod him,
poblttbed page aftor page deallag
with wbat it thoa tormod th* "Crow't
Neat Land Ito*].*' Howoter, be
thought tbo mooting waa aot Inter
otted la tba qaeetloe of whether tbo
land* wero atolea or aot, (tbat tn* a
■attar for pollttelaaa). Ha wlabod
to point out tbat tbo Agaet Ooaoral
fer British CelaaMa to Loadoa, ai
well at tbe C. P. R. aad atter pab»
Hclty agtntt, ware oagagod to ad-
ventalag tte woadirfal rtaaaroaa af
tbo ProviBoo. aa# aa a rooaR of otato-
meata mado by tbooo pooplo, aitell
tavooton bad booo pomaded to tak*
a chuca to tte towa of Hohmt. lay-
one Hotting Hoemer during tbo eon-
otraetloa of tb* piaat waald aataraUy
M*w>t%f*i   tit.**   f**•*»♦%•** '*♦*'*«    ft?***
jta b* doao.   H waa nom tM* ssmw.
alttoa tbat tte   TewwoRo  Compaay
mgJk_t\   Mm  Iola     mmM     A±m    g%^^^mm^m^mm
awtlo^i ku to tte tHa* «f Wt*99.
Apart from tbla, ateat a tetttm of a
mmton deflait ted tem cofloctod by
iluu^   )nm\lmkbmb JA^MMIAk    *.i*.   ki^to   mn____i_t__   *--*•'    MAM*
w^^^w -v. .^w-m m -ivw -^m^^^^^^^e  v.^p * w*w * * ttmeemtmt* -- w^e - ™wpw*
attle* aai tasoa. fa laailaHaa. Mr.
tumm ttaud ttet Iter wwald Hte
t* tear Mr. Ro*o dm* tbla wmtlmt
•***    mt m .. ■    *ww» w   m t m m^   ^mw-^nrwwmtm   mow   w^e^^m^m
to tte Provlacial H**a* al tte ae*t
waa Btlil of the opinion that they coujq
not expect to he refunded the $22,-
000. In conclusion, he suggested a
nice little vote of thanks for tho chairman would be In order, while tbe
chairman returned the.compliment.
Evidently, Billy Robson. who delivered the beet speech of the evening,
did not find sufficient favor with those
la control of the meeting to secure a
vote of thanks, but whether he ls the
loser or gainer by such omission, we
do not know.
«?««..
tiM
Ofc
whkh tt U eltlawd ara wwoffUtV)
t* wrk, to revert baek t* tbo Ooma-
ment.
Ut. Ween, to reply la -tee ptvftoaa
dK^^^ftl^Mft     **Mwa*A|| *^|^^.^^^Mtt       l|^^   ^K^-M^^*^
»*•»% w^wm Wiiwi m^m* wamwWwmmeii^m^l^m *^BWP  wft^m
me me c. s. r. c**i o* tbm latiai
ttet at tte Ua»e te bad
^^^wi^^w   w^pw ii*m*^^**m o^embw
poetotaMd a teiy b*«o*'*aM9*r. M*
- RE8ULT8 IN BAND DRAWING
Fol'owlng are results In tho Rrand
prlx* drawing ln aid of the Ftrute-
Coal Creek Excelsior Bond, drawn nt
t'je Orpheum Theatre, Thursday eveu-
in?. July 23:
Prlao. N'o. Tlckot
♦ 1—il).  Ferguson, Fernie    801
♦ 2—John Farrer, Fernie ....... 408
♦ 3-48, RUey, Fernlo   417
♦ 4—Jaa. Meadows, Fernie  171
♦ 5—Xo name  850
6-i\V, J. Matey, Coal Creek,,,. 824
7—J. Jordan, Hosmer 812
♦ i~Frctl Coope, Fernie ........ «159
♦ 9—H. Atherton, Coal Creek.... 89S
♦10~«obt. I'uokey, Coal Creak... W
•11—Jamea Lowe. Fernie ....... ««!»
•1»—Wm. Thornton, W. Pernie.: 8JS
•13—J. McFarland, Coal Creek... in
•14—Wm. King, Fernie MO
lR-«. Watklnt. Pernie.  3*1
•ld-E. Ilollingthoad, FernU. *.. 028
♦IT—A. 3i*(l«, Coal Creek 3503
Ml-vM!»s j. Tully. rornle....... ObK
•19—Jno. Anderson. Coal Creek.. 1B0
19—Jamea Hardman, Michel.... «0I
•11—J. Ooborne, Fornle,. 0*<
♦»—T. Wegaer, Feral* lit
ts—Jamo* Ooncan, W. Fernie.,. 146
94—«. Cougbtan. Coal Crook.... m
t*-4U Harty, reral* 341
•tf-ilao. Robereoa, Fernie 944
37—Trod Coop*, Pernio.... 0S7
tft-HMr*. Robiatoo, Aaaex
t»-«apPF Qoigg. Firnl*.
♦90-Was. WUooo. Poralo
•11—31, Aarfa. nk Lnater Co.
M Jamea Ito-tfctr, deal Crook,. tf I
AH poneaa tevlag  tkkett  corr*-
ogwMn to tte above with tte "•"
^^JF^^WPoWP ' -WRW    m^e9ttmmWe    yt^Rmtl^P   aWoW    ••
tte Oo optratl** Storo aad rooelve
ttelr prtaa. Al -otter* having wlaalag
aambtra.^ploaoo caM at Mr. T. Blgga*
em§ neette O K tlotet t* awear*
ttelr art*** rrom tte partioo doaauag
tatataatn
tt
m
901
John Jarovach, Russian, pleaded
guilty to stabbing two of his fellow
countrymen, and will go to Nelson for
nine months. J. Urlnah, Austrian, got
six months at Xelson for Bteallng a
twenty dollar bill at. Corbin, Frank
Hollinshead, found guilty of stealing
a leather bell f-jpw the Elk Lumber
Company plan# mill, was sent up
for three montna; hit father, .Edward
Hollinshead, accused of receiving
stolen goods, waa discharged. The
case of C. Graham, appeal trom sentence impoted hy two Justices of the
peace at Mlchol. waa tet over to the
regular September sitting of. the
County Court.
Classified Ads,-- Cent a Word
WR SALE—A stardard typewriter.
almost now and in perfect condition.
Apply at this office. 230
BOARDERS" WANTED—Good tub)*
board and clean rooms, $8.00 per
week, UP Victoria, and Wright Bt.
231
1MAX08 TUXBD and repaired. IVjr
terras, apply to Thos. Bradshaw,
HlHcreet Mlnea, Alberta.
APPRICIATION
The following letter of thaaka haa
been received by.OjIr. Thomoa Ruttell,
«up«rlnt^n4int of Wehel Mtaoo, who
haa patted It on to va for publication:
Hlllcrest. Alta., Joly 30,1*14.
Thomat Kuatell, Bat, Bup*riat*ad*nt
Crow'* Xott Pat* Coal Company.
Michel, B. C:
D*ar Sir:—While R la Unpoatthle to
adaqnately exproea oar feellaga   of
tlacaro appreciation tor tho taoct gen-
•rooa and abi* aatiataao* yoar   of-
fleialt aa* man road*r*d tbla company
aad ita todly atfllotod d*pead*nu during tte trying ordeal followlag  oar
dltaater, wo aak you to accept our
moot heartfelt ttenka for tkateralc
wwk too aarformod:   aad   tte traat
rm ruttm to   i*mo   attaaar* our
faaHaga of gratkadai^ Tear* trolr,
HKUOMMT OOUJIRfR^ LTD.,
J.V.ttaeto*.
(Managing Dtroctor.
COUMTV COURT
The Coroty Court opeood htrenn
Monday  moralag. Jndga Ttettpboh
MtttffeWkftlk^M     *kl*j|*^yg   LLa     k|ktt    lUyyiMHMIfcl.
wn* tte attumary laalgato et mm
(robe*). Thi* alMtppiledt* tte legal
w e mmmm^e^^^
«te*gtd oojtataiag mare&atuttM uadar
Maa BNtaaaaa.  -dMAarial.   W, J.
mmo^e  |W'»*awaawf     wemmem^oo*B?*^eo ww *   w*
Long, rffe beattog and eocace  from
lawM caotofft *mt -Um M
tola
farr *
BRr    ^mmmA      -HBa-^HPai       t^w   atHw   elmw^wtyw^B
l^ flj^^*^*^^*-**^     t^^^ei^m   ^^^^^--^d|A|Jg   |^y^b JiglttAtt   'f^^'^h
iy* -WimmtteBf aH^^HP ^ww.1^ *^m^e  wmt^^m tmf
*m^t^L\ mbKtt Aimg M^na, mtb 4Mua -thmtft. ______
C**M*p*t
«ttl aalaam
**   ju|^i^~—
■Utoa*d «at *a  baU *l   ll^te
UND BIlQItTRV ACT
m, #»■;♦».. %h<if rtt\ j*-t .* f*&t ty*
mo****** i.y.fawn*«rV,itt* wi!
Wtoro** proof af I*** af OaftMtoato
al ItOe No. 13l«tA, ta tbeabcv*m*n-
thmoif lead. Imai la tb* aame of
ASm Onttreto Lyoaa, tea tew fftod
IR flU omea. wrtloe to horaby glrao
Hj^At    tAt    ki*^^   to! h-te'Mtbhidtbtb   ■*"    myR   te__t_______x
^--^m^Pw  mo^tmw   mtmn^twwmtoi^^om  ai^d'** waw;■'RPHniv'
from tho dat* of tint pobikatioabero-
et. I aten toaaa a ft«ai nttTlfhal* af
Thia fa Haa ttevwf, aatoa* to tte
awaailm* v*Hd obJceUe* te mad* te
tm to attttR^
Dalai at tte Laad Maatotrr fMflae.
K.U«, UU 24tk day flt My, I9t«.
'" ' mi ci motvATt.
tw a^^am^mta  ^^a a^mwww aw^^atm w^
Dcyuty District Realttxar.
AM mteem nte aataad to k**p *at
^ntf ert^J/ttntmi  wtt^AX^oaim    -j^a^a jg^^^^kRjiL^^ ___t   to*^^m
vt tummtt v*nwi amoot p*n*iiy ™ iw
mtlhlr Wfrttrfiii" tirf tiaep***.
w. *. mVmtaaa,
SLmimm^ L-iukhMi Ca.
anp**^^^FjF^^&   wt^**w*ma^**'^m    ^^**^m
"S
TlBiB
'*'llJ8tgail''"*BfflMM^
lMto4' '* -t-aammk
mtmmmumimim

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