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The District Ledger 1914-08-01

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Industrial Unity Is Strb^"^.7f
No. 48, Vol Vn.
Organized Labor Discuss General Strike
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
About 'two hundred mineworkers
and members of organized labor listened for aeartyi four hours and ' a
half to the arguments for and against
a general strike, in the Socialist 'Hall,
on .Tuesday evening last. While there
were tlmea when the atmosphere ot
the room waa a little heated, nevertheless, the subject of the' Island
workers wsa thoroughly discussed,
and the position of the workers in
this District explained by the International Botfd Member and District
President Phillips,
.Tba two representatives of the
. -mlaewortoia at the coast spoke
very eloqueatiy upon the situation and
the posetbUKles of the general strike
as proposed fey the convention of tho
B. C. ttedera/tiori of Labor, and their
speeches wore wtll received.
J. -Pie** IMv P.IP., wsb the first
speaker, aad he outlined the history
of tbe strike from' the discrimination
of IMottishaw and Pourtray to the
present day.
Ha cited the stolid indifference of
the McBride Government, explaining
how he had placed many matters before tixt. notorious Bowser, both personally and on the floor of the House,
but had not received the slightest satisfaction.
He went on to outline the splendid
tight put. up by the U. M. W. ot A..
and spoke ot some of the heroic deeds
of the men, pointing out that though
the -International organization could
not continue to support tbe Island
■ men, they were still prepared to fight
and were anything but beaten. The
speaker paid a splendid tribute to the
International Board, saying tbat every-
. thing possible had been done by the
executive of the TJ. M. W. of A. for
the Island workers. It was up to
the workers of the Province to recognize that this was their fight and the
only salvation of the situation was the
general strike. However, he wanted
the men to go home and think over
the matter in their'calmer moments,
and nol be owayed 'by sentiment; he
was not going to ask them to do anything, but after having the matter
placed dispassionately before thein,
he foil thoy .could, at least vote Intel-
B^ti. Shenton then arose to address
the meeting on behalf ot the Island
miners aad to, advocate the adoption
of -the policy of a general strike. He
said: I am glad to be here tonight;
to look you la the face; glad to know
that there Is a kinship—a relationship—"between those present and we,
the representatives of the Vancouver
- Island uttntrs. They had come there,,
that night to tell of a vital issue:
tbey bad oome to'find a solution to the
v fifteen months' strike that was being
fought oh Vancouver Island. They
wtrt thero that night not only in the
Interests of the Island strikers, however, but la the Interests of all work-
era*and especially the mint workers
of tit Crow's Nest Pass. The Island
miners had fought a great fight; a
fight in which they had arrayed
against thom tht whole force of the
operators, supplemented by tbe McBride Judicial satellites who had done
everything possible to defeat the
workers. ,.
It hsd been said tbat that fight was
lost, but It waa not, There was, how*
ever, a danger that It might be lost
Th* International aid had been stripped rrom their grasp and they were
left to fight thoir battle alone. They
reallstd that a more aggressive attitude wat nttdtd; that something had
to bo dono to win tbat strike, and tbe
only hopo of redemption that they
could see wa* ln a genera) strike.
This conclusion wns arrived nt in the
District Locals and lt waa expressed
through tto B. C. Federation Convention In a desire to havo a referendum
voto taten at to whether tbe men
should strike or not
Thty had goat to tht B. C. Federation ot Labor Convention to ask
them to h tip than; the International
could do no moro, and when al) had
been uld and everything possible had
been done, alt thnt was teft wat the
general strike. The fight was a fight
la tht intereais of organised labor,
and not tht interests of the Island
workers alone.
Tto speaker thtn quoted figures to
show ttot tha Island operators had
bees losing a greet portion of Uttlr
marks of the striking miners in jail,
who had expressed the wish that they
"Fight On!"
At tbe conclusion of his address, the
speaker was loudly applauded.
After the speaker bad -resumed his
seat, the chairman called for -questions
and It was asked how many of the
transportation workers were affiliated
with, the IB. G. Federation of Labor,
and whether they could be relied upon
for support ln the event of a strike. ■
IMr. Shenton* admitted that the railroad man were not affiliated with the
B. 0. Federation, but this he did not
regard seriously, as the railroad men
had their own troubles and would no
doubt back the miners In the event
of a general strike.
Another question asked was what
percentage of organized labor was represented in the B. C, 'Federation, and
it was stated about 20 per cent, or
approximately 13,000 men.
T, Biggs Inquired as to the attitude
of the Alberta Federation ot Labor,
and,wished to know whether, having
regard to. the fact tbat both Provincial Federations were represented on
the Trades Congress of Canada, they
would take any action in the event of
a general strike.
.The reply given. evidently did aot
satisfy Bro. Biggs, and.he thought that
tbelr position in B. C: would be very
peculiar. At the aame time he was
willing to do anything possible to help
tbe mine workers on the Island.
Another question raised was, wether the companies on the Island had
not sufficient man and that It was impossible to find room for strikers,
were the strike settled.
One brother atated that as a result
of a wager they had written to Na-
nlnio and inquired whether any further help was needed, and the reply
tbey got was to the effect that the
operators had all the help they required.
President W. L. Phillips rose and
pointed out that the executive hoard
of District IS had sent a representative to the convention, in- the person
of Dave Rees. He had taken a certain stand, there, and he (Phillips)
thought .the meeting would be well-
A meeting of the League was held in
•Fernie on Saturday last. The following representatives were present:
Johnstone, Coal Creek; Vines, Fernie; Briscoe; Qllchel; Barnes, Coleman; Taylor, Hillcrest; Warae^Frank;
Hayton, Corbin; J. iF. Macdonald, President, and Secretary A. J. Carter.
The meeting had for consideration
the position taken by Frank la not
complying -with the findings of the
Emergency Committee in the matter
of Coal Creek—Frank match on 25th
May. /The President briefly expressed himself on the action taken by
Frank in refusing to be governed by
the decision of the committee, especially pointing out the effect lt had on
sport in general In the .Pass, After
the question had been thoroughly discussed, a resolution was passed, all
voting In favor of same, excepting
Frank, upholding the position taken
by the committee.
It wsb decided to abandon the League fixtures for the present season
owing to the disarrangements caused
by soma of the clubs through unfor-
seen circumstance not being able to
fulfill their engagements. -The League Cup to remain in the League until
next season. The draw for the IMutz
Cup and Crahan Cup was dealt with,
and below wtll be found a list together
with referees.
It was arranged to play two matches, after the final of the Crahan Cup,
one in iFernie and one in Coleman, the
teams will be selected 6a the date of
the final of Crahan Cup by the League
Committee, and the proceeds will be
for the benefit ot the Hillcrest Belief
1st Round, August 1st
HillcreBt (bye)
<Fernle vs. Coal Creek. Referee,
Corbin vs. Frank. Referee Tennant.
Coleman vs. Michel. Referee, Wilson.
2nd Round, August 8th.
Winner Fernie—Coal Creek vs. Hillcrest.  • Referee, (Moore.
Winner Coleman—.Michel vs Winner
Final to be played ln Fernie. Saturday, August 15th.    Referee, Wilson.
1st Round, August 22nd.
•Coleman (bye).
Coal Creek vs. Fernie. Referee,
Frank vs. Hillcrest. Referee, Briscoe.
Mr. Fred Bankcroft, of Toronto, Vice-President
of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, is now
touring the west in the interest of the Congress
labor generally. He will speak at the Grand
Theatre on Sunday, August 2nd, at 7:30 p. m. Fred
Bankcroft has made a special study of the Compensation Aot and other laws affecting the workers,
and will deal specially with Onario'a new Compensation Aot.
The public are invited to attend this meeting, but
immediately after there will be a meeting of Gladstone Local and all mineworkers are particularly
requested to attend.
Double Fatality at
Bellevue Mines
output, compared with former yeara,
nt a result of tto strike, and endow
ortd to stow ttot had they been able
to bold oat far a llttlo while longer,
tha tight would have been won. as the
ootntora vert ta desperate eueHi,
The speaker said to reallstd ttot
ttort were ssaay questions to to con-
sldersd when advocating a gtatral
strike, Tilt Method tad btta tried
la Baglaad-aai, It tod toto threat
•ted, aad ttoy tod won.
Trat, thty ootid aot Hvt on air,
neither la tto Pern nor on the island,
hut tho Island workers were wil lag Jo
take their mtdlclat, and hadlakea ti
Tbt aptaker thtn wont on to compare
tto etadHloa ot the wortor-tbe pro-
mt*** td ew t*ttfHW«"t'»*t tb* nttdtnt*
tet et teem, aad pMattd tot that Jest (that
m) mm at,.tto| .atit -itMMai ert* itt,
thtlr pMtUaa ttoy met endure It*
1Y»etoleg epea tto sstertlon tbat
tto namfdeyad weald tato tha Jobs of
tto strikers. Bap. ftoatea Mated ttot
ttoy tod aai dtat st It tto past, aad
-Hees also stated that he would like
to present his views in the presence of
tbe Island representatives. Motion
tbat Rees bave tbe floor carried.
He commenced by asking his audience to take a good-look at a "labor
fakir, or meal ticket artist." "That.
said Rett, Vis what tome people say
about.any man -who opposes their
Continuing, tbe speaker said he was
glad to see that Bros. Place and
Shenton had treated those wbo were
opposed to them in a gentlemanly
manner. He waa also pleased in a
sense, that somethin* had happened
to arouse the . workers from their
apathetic position. He was going to
state moat, definitely that-were It not
for tbis persistent indifference there
would bo no strikts, sucb as the Vancouver Island affair.
*llo thtn described the attitude of
tbe special convention and said ht
was going to make this statement
very definitely: That the delegates
in tbe special convention and also
those in that meeting had not had the
true position of the leland strikers
placed before them. The convention
parleyed a long time, evidently one
fearing tha other. Ttoa a break waa
made tho first evening by calling a
caucus meeting of the miners of tht
Province In attendance. No one was
consulted regarding tame, said the
spanker, and ht strenuously opposed
the Idea, Inasmuch at ht felt it was
aot in harmony with the Idea for
wblch the convention was called, vis.,
a-Mortalnlng tho feeling of organised
Isbor In general rt the general strike
The convention went on much the
tame way the second day; the Island
representatives sometimes remarking
thoy had not. heard from District IS.
However, said Rees. he felt he knew
when he ought to speak and realised
thai his position was contrary to the
position of the Island miners, who
were all advocating tht general
strike and tbat alone. He didn't want
to make it appear ttot tht miners
were divided, as It were, until he was
forced to. ,
"Prior to the time I spoke," contln-
«ed tht speaker, "no one had opnnly
even questioned the advisability of the
genera! etrlke at thia time, t ftlt.
rtghtlr or wrongly, that no convention
ef 100 or laore delegates eoald tetf
wtll to aaanlment on aay policy, aad
I certainly expressed that very plainly Is tht contention, talllag them also
that tt they were opposed to the Ilia,
now wat the time to sty ao. Ito
vols mnn taken, allowing 41 for nad tt
aftlnit, out of those voting for wtrt
31 Island mtn who wtrt voting solid
tar the strike, evidently as their laat
hope* aad I dont Meant tbem fer It.
I*!l  *mt*tt    t am* t dm-tttat  tt  ttaam-t*
"^■CorBln vs."'*Sflcbeir   "Referee, ^Wilson.
2nd Round, August 29th
Winner Franlo—Hlllcrest -vs. Coleman.    Referee, Tennant.
Winner Coal Creek—Fernie vs. winner Corbin—(Michel.
Final to be played on neutral ground
to be selected by the Executive. Referee, Ovlngton, unless Corbin is ln
Final, ln which case Wilson will be
The matches to be played on the
ground of the first named ln the draw.
The gate receipts ln connection with
tbe matches, except the, finals, will be
divided according to Cup Tie .fyiles.
•The Secretary wishes to announce
that he has been advised from JMlcbel
tbat thay regret not being able to
carry out their engagements In the
cups; alio that Mr. Briscoe does not
Intend to referee.
(Mr. Wilson bas also notified the secretary that ht will be unable to carry
out the appointment of referee In the
games. Tbls is much to bt regretted
as there Is a dearth of referees, and
tbe League can til afford to lose the
services of one so capable tn handling
a game.
Signal Qsllentry nf Sheep Creek Man
It Recognised In Prtstntatltn
at Victoria
Hoherl Henderson of Sheep Creek
has returned from Victoria, where on
Monday laat ht was prtstnted with
tht Kdward medal, given only for exceptions! acta of gallantry, for bravery
In saving life In a gas-filled mine In
8outh Africa. On Jan. 11. lilt, two
natlvt "hoys," contrary to orders went
iuto a part of the workings of the
Hatting Sprat colliery, Natal, whir*
was filled with poisonous gss and
were overcome before ttoy conld get
back to sarety. Two other workmen,
with two natives, went in search of the
"boys," but were unsuccessful In find"
Ing them, snd Henderson went back
a second time Into tht gas-Isdtn at*
mosphere. Ttoy wtrt sacetssfnl this
time snd, finding n shorter way oat
on their return, were ablt to bring tto
victims out safely, althoogb one of
tto "hoys" was so fsr overcome by
the gss that ht died.
Lieutenant-Governor Pstttrson, In
prettatlng tbt medal, etprttsed tto
pleasure tht occasion afforded him and
said tail, grtat at the distinction
must be, when a man dtlltorateiv look
tto risk ef giving bit lift for • feltaw
wertosas In tto tvtryday parsait nt
bis ctlllRt It stowed thtt to poetessed
tht highest form of courage, which
nwrtturl tht greatest koawv w bitch
Wield wt toetewed opea Mai.
Owing to the Qreat Northern being
unable to hold train at Elko until 8:30,
tbe 'Loyal Order ot '.Moose and tnelr
friends have decided to travel over
the C. P. R., and will make tbo journey on the passenger leaving at 10:34
a. m. and returning from Elko at 5:25
p. m. For a real good time, get to
Elko on this date. The following letter from Fred Roo, in his owa inimitable style, should bring out the
Elko, B. C, July 23, 1914.
F. H. Newnham, Esq., B. M., Young
IMoose 'Meadows, Feni'c, B. C:
Dear Sir and Brother:—Your of the
22nd to hand, and I am calling a public meeting for tonight and have instructed the official dog-catcher to
see that everbody attends, and will
bring your requests.before them and
write you again and give you more
On account "of having been away,
down on the Tobacco Plains, I have
uot been able to give this matter the
am sorry that Brother —I  fell
down on the Job, as I find he got cold
feet, in spite of the red hot weather
we have been having; why, there,
were days here so hot you could fry
eggs.on the sidewalk!
Well, Newnham, you can depend upon me doing everything possible to
make your vjglt, one to be remembered, but you know yourself that money
Is tighter than —er—er—ever, but
have arranged to bave the police
moved down to Roosvllle for the
day, and tbe coal diggers havo promised not to strike, and Jim >Meterolog-
leal Thlstlebeak says the weather
will be something you never enjoy In
Now, if you will let us know about
meals, we will try and make arrangements for catering for tht same, both
In town and on tho grounds, tbls once.
Will send you results of the meeting
and will personally tee that your welcome Is as open as the Ooldea date,
and may the Good Lord be with you
till we meet and hdve the pleasure of
renewing that memorable Interview
between the Governors of the two Carolines. Wishing you every succes to
the picnic, Yours very truly,
British Fleet Unit* Placed on War
Footing—French Troops Ready for
Field—German Crowd Silences Socialist Peace Advocates—Italian
Navy Moves.
The whilom quiet city of Fernie Is
all agog tn consequence of the somewhat piquant details connected with a
slander case. There Is n French pnv.
srb applicable to such instances,
which reads, "cherchet la ftmmt,"
but In this esse the women Is conspicuous hy ber absence and thereby
hangs a tale, "cherchet le chltn."
These are the dog days and tae *i.b-
Jcet of the canine is the Initial cause
of this present "cause celebre,"
London. July 28.—Tonight all Europe was a powder box, into which the
slightest spark, such as frontier Incidents 5*$t^sen Russia and Germany
or France and Germany, might cause
an explosion which would involve
Great Britain, France and Russia on
the one hand and Germany, Austria
and Italy on the other in the greatest
war in the history of the world,
Russian action in support of Servla
will almost Inevitably mean tbat Germany will use her forces in support
Ot Austria. Development of such a
war into a vast conflagration in which
the triple entent would be pitted
would be but a matter of days or possibly hours.
France ls quetly, but none the less
thoroughly, preparing for war; Great
Britain is displaying activity at naval
porta and is holding its fleets In readiness for eventualities, and Russia, with
its army In process of mobilization,
continues to indicate that Its support
must be given to Servla, although, at
the same time, its diplomatists are
engaging In friendly conversations
with those of Austria.
Russian mobilisation against Austria, it is declared In Berlin, means
that Germany will begin hostilities in
support of Its ally.
Italy is concentrating Its fleet in
readiness to support Hs allies of tbe
trlpple allance.
iritlsh Fleet Active
London, July 29.—Unusual activity
was manifested at Uie chief British
naval ports during yesterday and
the admiralty orders are considered
to amount to almost semlmobllliatlon
in certain sections ot the fleet
The commander-in-chief and his
staff are Inspecting all the ships In
port available for service Immediately,
These ships are rapidly being provided with adequate war stores, coal,
ammunition and torpedo warheads.
' Leave which had been granted to
Portland, yesterday waa rescinded at
Portland, yesterday was rescinds dat
t o'clock and they were ordered to return to their ehlps Immediately.
Commanders of vessels have been
specially directed hy the admiralty to
be ready to prow -A to sea at a moment's notice. A special train arrived
at Dover carrying seamen to complet*
the full crews of the warships.
All shore leave Is ended.
Frsnee Quietly Prepares
Parte, July  29—The French Gov-
A sad fatality occurred here on Monday in the upper section of tbls mine
which resulted in the death of two of
our members, (Mike Flessattl and
Louis Augos-tlna. The deceased men
wero partners, and were working in
No. 52 pillar. They had just been
visited by the fire boss, who had fired
for then), and had gone back, it is
thought, to "trim up," y-'hen a quantity
of top coal fell upon them killing them
Coroner Pinkney Immediately em-
pannolled the following jury: Steve
Humble, Wm. Cole, J. Robertson, Bob
Livett, J. A. 'Barwick and Steve Roslo,
who met in the Police Barracks and
were duly sworn In. They will visit
the scene of tbe accident tomorrow
(Tuesday) at ten o'clock, and on
Thursday will meet to inquire Into the
cause of, death. We had to call a
special meeting to arrange for the
burial, and acting upon the advice ot
the doctor, who from the nature of the
injuries sustained by the deceased
men deemed it expedient that they be
buried as soon Sis possible. 'We decided to bury them at Blairmore (seeing we are still without a cemetery
here) leaving Bellevue at 3 p.m. sharp.
All members were expected to attend,
and failure to do so would bring down
the penalty of our by-laws on them.
The funeral of our brothers took
place today (Tuesday), the bodies being in charge of Local 431 and the Italian Society of Coleman,-of which one
of the deceased was a member. The
Society held a portion of their burial
service in the Workers' Hall, and the
cortege then left the hall in the following order; Relatives immediately
following the bodies, the Italian Society, the officers of Local 431 and its
membership. We would suggest that
it was the largest attended funeral
seen here. Probably the weather had
quite a lot to do with it, and the weather man for once was on his best behavior. The company were well represented on this occasion. The cemetery was reached after about 90 minutes travel, and we were mat by the
priest, who performed the last sad
rltp^ of his church. Bro. -Barwick
then read the U. iM. W. of A. burial
service, and the Italian Society then
■hid4heir-last sad-j-asewell-to-oae-who-
had been % memfcer of their society:
And thus we leave our brothers at
rest from their toll, trusting that time
the great healer will soften the grief
of those who are bereaved of loved
To all those present today, who gave
any thought to the matter, it would bo
apparent that the cemetery Is too tar
away from Bellevue to be very convenient, and we would respectfully suggest to those who have the power to
remedy this that they take into consideration the fact tbat there is plenty
of suitable land near at band, and
that It makes a day's job for those
who volunteer to dig tbe grave or
graves, to say nothing of the unnecessary expense Involved. Above a 11
what kind of condition are tbe dead
bodies in after being jolted on the
roads for which this part ot the country is noted.
A dispatch was received in the
city tbls morning to the effect that a
conflagration at the town of OorMn
took place last ovenlng, and before
same was extinguished, the boarding
house, laundry and Provincial gaol
were 'totally destroyed.
Dublin, July 27.—Serious rioting
waB begun here tonight. Tbe city Is
in a state of intense excitement. The
authorities fear it will be necessary
to call upon the military, which will
mean much bloodshed.
Rumor went about that the Scottish
Borderers would entertain at the station. A great crowd, for the most part
from the slums, surrounded the station and amused itself by stoning -the
street cars. Six hundred volunteers
paraded through the streets, a crowd
of 4,000 following them, marching in
step and singing.
(Feeling runs high throughout Nationalist Ireland.
•Town councils are adopting resolutions denouncing "the massacre." The
soldiers of Limerick and Kilkenny garrisons are confined to barracks and
concerts by military bands in several
towns have been canceled. The Lord
Mayor of Dublin has called a meeting
of magistrates to consider the action
of the castle authorities in calling out
the military without consulting the
police. The police threaten to strike
if those members of the force who
were dismissed are not reinstated.
The Nationalists are delighted at
Commissioners Ross' resignation, as
he was unpopular.
Believe It Meant Withdrawal
London, July 28—The amending
home rule bill has again been postponed. Last Sunday's outbreak in
Dublin has J niade the atmosphere in
the House of Commons anything but
favorable to the discussion of the bill
today, as previously arranged.
The 'belief In Parliamentary circles
now is that the postponement of the
amending home rule bill in the Commons is tantamount to its withdrawal.
The Unionist press demands the resignation of Augustine Birrell as a
result of the Dublin affray.
In his capacity of war secretary, the
Prime'Minister, winding up last night's
debate on the Dublin tragedy, defended the troops. In complying with the
assistant commissioner's request, not
STIngle-.officer or man~had escaped
Injury, he said, through the violence
of the mob. He believed the troops,
who had been exposed to great provocation, would emerge -from the inquiry
with credit.
"I-confess." he proceeded, "that I
look upon Uie matter ot the importation ot arms as of minor importance.
What* Is far more important is the
general attitude of the Government
and the opposition to the maintenance
and authority of law. That Is where
the real crux of the question comes
in. I agree that our difficulties are
great. They are due partly to the inherent vlclousness of the system under which you seek to govern tbe peoplo whom you do not understand by
a Parliament which is imperfectly
equipped to deal with their Special
problems and necessities. Tbat difficulty of long standing tt, we hope,
soon to be removed. That difficulty
in these latter years has' been immeasurably enhanced and exaggerated
by the language and attitude of the
opposition, which proclaims that violation of the law Is the cardinal virtue, but Is yet perpetually claiming a
better title than ourselves to govern
the country and empire. It Is there
that one of tbe roots of our difficulties
in Ireland Her.."    ,
The Colorado Situation
-—  r.,  _ __,_,_  ____i«»«»   ..ill*....*!     rnna,   tint)    *».—-tuo   rnrwH  uuv *.-*•*•* •«•■••«••»  -«•- *.».,.*., ....
Onn of Ferass prominent ~ twens |#rnmpinfttt(Jliiat,t);>b(,nut<tt tnn   ,hM  ,,„.,,  a,„.r.,/nr„
u! . mM.'i^!!.Hl«i,i-h   i£   «isi   'y Preparing,for war.    The Govern- once to import ft*., lunc
rltsln s prototype, anicn    wr   »i*»- „,__. .. ««_Ki„ .-..m-- ,«,« ,tMiti«i col ton nicker*, dress   of
Brltsin's prototype
xotox.* beauty will compere with ony
of his breed. In tbt course of an
argement in which bow-wows wsr* bc»
Ing *'scB*ned, a former alderman and
well-known bontfact made comparUin
between this specimen of tht bulldog
breed and an Individual whose facial
attmetloaa, somewhat akin to hts
name are of sack peculiar type that lt
le dlMieelt to acenrattly describe them
by tto use of ordinary letters of the
tlptotot. fOp. rjornbjornstal Thl"
jaw-breaker ot a name. This statement mad* by the ti«t«l-toaaer In
qoetttoa aroused the (re af tht
owner nf Ginger, and feeling that
the deft dignity had toea amr»|
ly deprecated, ImmedUiMj l»»tl'.o>l
proceedings tgalast tto sltndem.
Tto ease was brought op tofert t st t-
•lallst In deaolocy. who had both the
dog and the Individual to whom he
mt com pa red brought Into court, arid*
after giving tto asatttr dat dtlltora-
ment ta simply awaiting the decision
ef Ku**ia. Trooi* Udius uie ready and
representatives of tbt- army are on
duty In the telegraph, telephone and
postoffice departments. Th« average
cltlten bas read in thi- newspapers
his general Instruction* concerning
mobilisation; he long has had bis or
detn Instructing him pr-Klsaiy when
and where to report for annica. Urge
poster* on the bulMIn hoards In th*»
postoffi( es, city halts and other pub-
He building* will apprise him exactly
tht* bow wtoa his InstrjfMons to-
come *f»ffectlve.
Chinook, Alu., Jul} ST.
Koiior Miami Ledger:
IhiMir titr I would very tun A, ak*
f> say onr or two words about bow
thing* wm in 'His canuk
Wt sent to the District offletft aad
Denver, Colo., July 25.—«A threatened walkout of all strikebreakers
has thrown the coal operators Into a
panic and given rise to the question:
"What Is to be our next trouble?"
Wton th«» strike of the Colorado
coal miners wns called. September 33.
b#gan at:
It grabber*,
cotton pickers, dregs of tbe large
cities' bluiih, Uiiiiin. .ind others under various pretenses,
Few of those •trlktihreakers knew
that th«y w*>»r« to t»bt* th« places of
striker* and of th* conditions which
made the old mtn-ers appeal to the
United Mine Work-en of America for
a bunch of Mexicans by false adverting, thus IgnorinK t*^ la* and In
which they were aided and abetted by
the fttnte militia.
One night the superintendent suu-
1,1-ried that th*»y would tn*-k* m attempt to «*(*ap«» from their i»ufor«'ed
tl'ivi'ry llf **iv t.b" f.uv.p nwi'rVu'iI
to ther dirty hut. Th« latter removed
their sho-»w mid mad*' tlu-m walk half
•t XUl'itt lli Uit-.i bale timX iu ibe muow
to ibe company office, n*b*r# they
Wf>r« tlm-ati'tu-d with ail kind* of
tmnlahmrnt if lhi-y dtd nnt «ubmft to
ithe orders of th» sup-rrintendent,
| who i*»id slwn that even" if the) did
; elude the   company's   Kunuwn   th«vy
membership. Home of tb«'0i were] would be caught by the d"\i* militia,
brought into the 8t»t»t under the pr« who were paid by th«t tftatv of t'oio-
tense that they w«n» buying latu!; rudo to n«*t nn gunmen guards for the
and would he provided with empto,• ]operators and *bp *■>•*■<• nuitiuned on
ment until they paid for it.     Others | xbe ouuld«*
wero told they -were to work In mitmit The** txxd hun.trr-.l-* **t oth*r h»r-t-
netr Ihtnvsr which hsd just been {snip* th-e poor. d#lu<Ml *tr!lcei>r*w«kere
opened. Home were Informed thtt (hate attthrrd at tk* h*nd» of th»> nwj!
*h«y  *tt*  lo !i-m  c.L-rr  •*-*•? 1„ tot,.%u*!,-.irt!...'».
mo»i of 1km* who did com*- to wnrk* p-mbsbty w» nf 'ba great^t <-m****
itt the mine* were tald th* tn *d» 6o.fi.* tit« report-vd ttitpendint *tnh« in
trouble where they were to work,     ,siu  *boir««l* sitaghter of tto w«h«
These men were promised as hitch ; in thr» mlnm Hardl) * dny g««
as IS a ml f<S a day Th«'y.w«re t<i!d'K*ai-» pa»t that totua str{Uiw«<*Ut» ia
of tto fine hornet, the billiard pltt-Jimf WAnfftfil.v murder**! In the unnsfc
lors. tto clab robots ih*y woaitl hsve. toiines.   Colorado hss been aoted toi
ftk*y came, thev    saw    snd    th*** t-ttm-lnr tartre na tea** •»**»»»« •«•    «»'*
~ .    'Af.949 iti'9444  ».» iv^M' — *r*' ""'. "   ."99.      ' ' .L„9.9t   .i-i 'li*   ■-."■-     "■■-    -*;*"'"■*•"' *iaae«. in*t M»»» aaa oeeu etprt.       , mui««# s» a»> otfctr tftti* in tto I'nioa.
ftras ta ttr t maaUtwVf Hw«MM>w«««wtil*t-ltMt   omtnt   to   tht   eeetlttr   rtr-ttmr had stow «m wm\d tttt* ♦•» *** '   r..', x K,..,  „ *.,    r;,.;.„■'.,-    ....rM.-^w^i.  **•«
-  -    wtrt   id mnn   n\en mn~tor hue ritht away.   tore.»,h!lt j,,* pmbaMr nev«»r tier-n equaled j Wen pUred In tbwn and the
anist- tosaattnaerttteet t0  to   Itvtair la Gmbarlaad.lcuai«»nc«» watta
mm ttolr flew* I IhUdt I toftjoe^almrttt, tot "to htt moved ~&}ctar?ttr «^t«£rtaleM to »&
fcnwltk yoa tost eeeeth lev for *oa \mm» ftttft. ISftotoaHlr to wae Met***? tedtebA mttwr. to weel*
m«B. or at Itttt the mtatrt, to teem\tooni throagh tie efforts ef **a Itaspeiid (adgwjit w««JW*r. *J»
nu, aad aga n, 1 aapaet tee to, aad I Crtmel, devtraiaaat Agtat at Iftltoa, atated   ««»*• J""**?*'    JSS
kntw yt>ua/lll.pulmaemtotlk*'OttUt,\t^ntx,^tnrr,tt*Vi^ttrta «tov» ffc» WfeHat *a*t*wdno tealimtd «to •»•>•*
he cam*. totatt> aeoi trotto ptnof jl8    ,(,„„   nptoondlF   free   United
wtoa m«a had to to horn, every day. J j„ mtny cases refattd to work.    In-
and som# on th* «tn« day oa which »te««l »,,f being allowed to h-ste, they
•b* wn* ***f*--'* 1,,..    ,.-        *i.      ,t     . ..
lia thttvtatef a gtatral etrikt. for
bis part, the tptstor ttogghl ttot If
ttoy could at-care a aujortty vou for
a general strike this Met alone would
laflatact tie Oovtrtmtnt hnd that
ttor weald Mret tto operators te
satto aa* tgrtttuat
t DM* moy uat-t I
gov havt tht recall, which caa to
Into optrstion aay t»t aa eRtetr lots
not salt you
"Mow thtn, aa a aatloaal officer
I isms I oaght to eatltat tto petHk*
ef tto tattraattoaal to yoa tad girt
st isett mrno rmtom *h? ttoy ar*
***|pr»ttat«tton wst awdt.
to* I   lit ens la Ntisoa yts-terday ea hit
lots way te Itoep Crttk.  Wtttot News.
The itoakw Mid to mBa«jNliiM»i uu» tbt prastai aesiUoa. Tto
posUlea ef District IS. havtag regard |i,|,m rtrito was hteatereted toftwe
u> tto &cl Uuti **U'l uf liut DWrkt.-tuntt property Mtftbttsto** eoraadrto
van to Atttria «*f»"J»J** fi WfHiWWttt Virgale aad tto lat.rwatJowul
 Ht a C Vtederettonl Mrtsdle- «„ ** raoliy propnmd ter tbo ttrfto
tiot dM a*J eit**S to>wS W« toritrs n,,. |{0w*rtr ttof wnro tatptoftd
tf tk C*, aad Itojr eoald aot tolpttoaa- hotoaffier mm and taty IteaBr mm
•ami. ftm, the speaker, was cf the |wiy aad aapperted ttott ata.    Of
ofdalsa ttot fto Altom mm wmU mm *r».tyom mtombttd tto mmko
jtdnfftk* ne*. twmmeetm w*n-w jofjta. paaWoa, of tie WW* mco.^t
■wat^B^p wwwt ft ww nmtt   emwt   Wt  mwmbme^wmwfce^mmw   ^e^em-
tm mmm wetteem wm tto H      cotattaatt ttfttoftoti
"Ulaner was tat* aaowa it ami*.
tad tto Jtdto "*• <* eetetm ttot if
thit MtQ* eoald to "prettrnd"* tt
ailght ttwttly tastst htm la arriving at
a decUloo With this ohject In view,
tto proprietor tf a local storagt pleat
will eadtavtr ta ritrh thit *ltt«v#
ferial df#tortt«e aad ptar* same   tm
tto Ktv. n, & Dt, Retort-toe, late of
Pweuem/mnd, tt, ft., ken nndred and
tatoa np bis detlat at astaister atjl<«
tto ftntHtfi etoreh. tto fottowtng!
nt* itt service* fer ttaaaay Atgvvt
I: Cttetftitta tf Hety Oeasawatoa at
•:te-. moratat prayer aad tensest. 11:
erealag prayer tmt tin-mot, im, li It
top-ed to mniat fonday school on
Sunday, Aagut I.
fto rt# leet tew ttttfc*, Mr. 11, K. . t      . ^
Vmnt fit* town. eaniucUti* tu »-.;-. .ii. '.&'*• Asxb .tt -t:..w p. cu. Fr^t.jfr z*
km aad hit tftartt tova -tota ertntt. An** Fltytd* ta ttemnd *x* oettk
tppftefstirfhrtlitsontretatfon »—*-*•—•
rtNNia tootaAtt
r*ttdo rt  Ceal  frerb  ai Ftoalt,
f!r« rtmnd tor tto cap: As*jer. Oak*
!#r. WMtetaw: Pwtonty, Corrigaa,
Kitey; rasuetron. Smith, llannabl*. D
fkorntno. Mn-mm.   Plnyen to meet
' end of town.
then to ttw » miner ea tht yard!
and called hts in the offlet and ralsod
h— with him atott   lots of thlar*.
and wanted bin to tt** twae ideas
what lo do.
I tell yot Its mt *"»d enough, and
something nmr« mti«; tm tone.   It it
,1WfW   to   <rr*>r>   nr-'tl    "* "■VfTf   ntfl**   T**A
itoa ladtaat—ckin ».* ti**t*d off.
Wt were »1t tH**. ♦<•- - * the Tvidrttd
at the point of gunmen's rlfu *
Dim youat man who ctaw* from J*oi>-
lit, Missouri, tolteviftg that he had
bought a farm at ASttaosa, *>\rr*.\
httadrN mile* from where he was
taken by Colorado sictMierditii militia,
was tba* driven Into the nine.   The
"<■ '   -fi;-  !W   '<*«    kki.sl liy   * awU.
Th« next morning to wss so bruised
thM b* fti*i\d 1*1*1    !•»»♦   nut    nt tti't*
itisvn mont openly. If ttot Is   pot-
■ titbit*. >|i*tolw>c4 all laws for %k* protection of their mnn. tto death rate
' It-its been even gr-natrr.
..... .*.,..,.#'<.*    vwy»A,H, 19, h^^ tttsmtta
Aa that of wage*.    They  have heen
; r*bW»i of ti«4t»dr*di ot ponndt of coal
on every rap thr»y mined, robbed at
(the company's ttor*, mnde to pay th
tend children to   feh-oo!   when they
had rone, and billed In   ***r,   way
f possible to ttot when pay dsy ea»#
.*,,,.:'..,i, ',kk»*U'*-.l  *ti *i**t*nit,t, ki, \o I*
• day. ttoy found tbey r*reivtd or*
nr** fn i.-
-ity sad m*» M*v,tt  l*x Vr'ofts  «hat  -morning,    :!><>'(V*
soffteers rem- \n  y
good speech*'*, ktv. *•■ watt then tal eamp ssanhall came to tto filth}
'rate* and st*v tut % '■■*■ dny* nnd -korrt which l,ad !,eca pkttred t« %',»
ills i*hit«a»s» wt» rwt We know xk*y\n* n aett rntttt*. tl* naked tb*
ttod to go •*',»>   u .--*.;..* Itmib thy b- '*m t»t fl/orkiac   ar^t
I    Htpt yaa   **':;'  ei-'-   'his fwoss l» twas lo!4 et *b* *r«>m*»t,    Tb* sstr*
jfttr pa-ttr,   •■•>   'f<*f* t,:«h#«   sat; jshal petnifd th" ?u» at him tnd told
MMW  MrttMtU.*.,*.*    ,.*■*■.    » *..~**9*h. , U.Hk   to   *v».. '    **.,ik*t   l»«»-   l*t  »«-1   '»•*
Y«tr» "■"'. * aad .-go to work or to 1*11.
,V iyyyU'¥SiK. «IAVR     j    tlowa at I'iIvh--,-n 'b*-y brongh*    in
s-tr.iHt who hsve enmped into Tria-
. -AAt xk't,leet-*f'<aif nfid •nkrt stnto
in-rnr** tsy thtf prietlcatty tfl of the
'ttrth^hrttk-wt    tovt wirsTitted    aiH
*-f*,**f *h*> ft*"* rtwtdt *rtt«*»t tfc«*p t<m-
dtttora which reunited tu the tawstere
• f« ft 1 *•«<»•?, tm*te, wm*ti nnd eniMftn
\nt iMdlott. April SO. wilt tak# pdnm
. ii; ili*- \tt\ nrnt falurr-
- - - . i;i . '"'
$♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦«► ♦ ♦ *•*♦♦♦♦•-».<-»•-»- <»♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<*♦.*♦♦▼
* fixe   Socialist
• •
OF LIBERALISM     : ~:   :   :   :   :   :
By Emil«s Vandervelde. Member of the Belgium  Parliament and of the International Socialist Bureau.
When one has to give American
readers a brief account of Socialism
in Belgium, he naturally asks himself
vlisit aspect of the labor movement in*
:h»' smallest country of Europe will be
of most -interest to citizens of the
worlds greatest republic
Our general strike for universal suf-.
frage last year, which was rendered
doubly imposing 'by the self-cliscpilined
calm, of The four hundred thousand
strikers, undoubtedly commanded international attention. All who take an
interest in labor questions have read
something of our great Socialist cooperative enterprises, such as the
"Vooruit" in Ghent and the '"Matson
du Peuple" in Brussels. But while the
conquest of political equality is a
matter of vital interest for the Belgian working people, and while the intimate union of the co-operative -with
the political movement gives a peculiar character to our Beligian Labor
Party, these things are, perhaps, of
comparatively little concern to any but
special students of social science.
The Future in the Miniature
What seems to give our Socialist activities a peculiar interest for the
general public is tlie fact that Belgium
may truly be regarded as u sort ot
sociological laboratory, in whi-eh the
infelllgenc observer may see a miniature representation of what is going
to take place on a larger scale iu other
countries as 'the development of capitalist industry goes on.
Klsewhere many factors combine to
weaken class antagonisms or at any
rate to complicate and obscure thejii.
In Belgium, everything tends to develop "hem and bring them out in the
clearest light.
■Belgium has almost the same number of inhabiutants as your Stats of
"Pennsylvania, with barely a quarter of
its area. Within its limited territory
is compressed the densest population
of jjll Europe. Its large industrial and
commercial cities lie within less than
;in hour's distance by rail the one from
the other, The country is intersected
with ooal field, which make possible,
the employment of hundreds of thousands of miners, glass workers and
iron and stee! workers. Agricultural"
laborers constitute but a small per-,
-milage of its'working class. In mining and manufacture the growth of
large establishments and the concentration of capital has reached such ^
point-that a very-'limited number of
- employers now stand face to face with
a proletariat proportionately more
numerous-than that of any other conn-
' try.
Under such conditions it is-jiatural j
that the division of   parties    should
merchants of Antwerp, and the textile manufacturers of Ghent faced the
prospect, if not actually of Socialists
in the ministry—for.it-is probable that
the Labor Party would have refused
participation—at any rate of an administration which could not stand
without the votes of the Socialists in
Parliament, and which, in order to
keep their support, would have to
carry out such reforms as the abolition
of plural voting and the establishment
of a progressive income tax—from
that moment they deserted their own
party,, and voted in mass for the Government candidates.
'Instead of destroying the Clerical
majority, the election of June 2. 1912,
actually strengthened it. The new
Chamber of Representatives contained
101 Catholic Conservatives, with a
combined opposition of only 85 mem-
/bers—44 Liberals and Radicals, 2
Christian Democrats and 39 Socialists.
The probability bf the Liberals recovering power disappeared. Up to
that time it had seemed likely that
universal' suffrage* would be established by a. coalition majority of Liberals
and Socialists. Today we may expect
that the abolition of plural voting will
be decreed by the Conservatives themselves, forced at last to yield to the
pressure put upon them by the Socialist proletariat.
On the eve of the great strike  ,pf
strength is shown
by the   following
.    69.Q00
In 1903	
In 1910	
In 1911     77,000
In 1912  116,000
In 1913 '.. 131,000
If one takes into account the whole
number of industrial workers of the
country'—1,200,000 men,- women and
children, of whom it might be possible
to organize SOto.OOO—the prcentage of
organized working people with Socialistic* tendencies is still too small, especially if it be compared with the
200,000 who belong to the Socialist cooperative societies.
Co-operation is still the backbone
of the Belgian Labor Party, the economic basis of all its activities. But
every one recognizes that the co-operative societies cannot serve all,needs
and that it is necessary to- effect a
better division of labor among the
three essential forniB of working-class
organization—the co-operative, the
trade union, and the political group.
It is the opinion of Belgian Socialists,
however.that this division of functions
ought not to prevent an intimate union,
within the structure of the Labor
Party, of all the bodies which work together for the emancipation of thfe
working people, ln other countries the
pies .Houses" throughout Belgium,
in such a manner as gradually to
raise the'intellectural and moral standard of this most1-popular species of
entertainment. It will also make collections- of stereopticon slides and
moving picture films-of various sorts
for the use of Sqcialist lecturers and
propagandists. ,As.soon as possible,
indeed, it- intends to extend its work
beyond the Belgian frontiers and , in
conjunction with the party in other
countries, to build up au international
agency for tbe purcMse and sale and,
perhaps, for the manufacturb of educational films which may be used
in Socialist propaganda all over the
The Issue "Clearly Drawn
To develop the work ot education,
to strengthen" the   trade unions,   to
extend the struggle for the conquest
1913 tlie Government intimated that three forms of action are too often sep
t would not be irreconcilably opposed  nrated and evpn d|8COr(jajlt;  with,us
tp revision—that, although it would
not grant the reform at once, it intended to leave Its supporters' hands
free in that respect at the next genera) election. Under the pressure of
the actual strike, it promised to create
a special commission to deal with the
reform of tite provincial and municipal.'election laws, which might also
consider the electoral* system as a
whole. ■
Such a commission, composed partly
of Members of Parliament, partly of
academic sociologists, has since been
appointed. It deliberates slowly and
no one can safely predict its conclusions. The opponents of revision
have not yet laid down tluir arms?
and, notwithstanding the tendency ot
Government to make concessions, it
may still be necessary to make another rude effort" to break their resistance. iA.t present, however, uo one
doubts 'hat sooner or later universal
suffrage will triumph and   that, under
of political equality—such are,. ,in
brief,-, the most striking aspects ofthe. Belgian .t-alw Party's activity, at
the present moment. From aU three'
points of ..view- Its future looks bright
In less than three-years the work of
■the educational committee has become -a/mighty factor in the cultural
life of the nation. "Since 1910 espe*
daily thfi unions have made notable
progress. When aWast, through an
admirably persistent effort, the Socialist proletariat wins universal suffrage, it'seems that Belgium -will be
the first country in which the decisive
struggle for power will be waged" between a close coalition of all the conservative, elements and,. the . fully-
united forces of Social Democracy,
with no third party to obscure or confuse - the issue.—Metropolitan (Magazine.       . ■ ■      ,■
The Gunman in Industry
they are as closely connected as the
five fingers of the hand.
A Many-Sided Movement
■The pivotal organization of the
Labor Party ln each locality is a great
purchasing co-operative, which devotes a portion of its profits to propaganda and which offers the hospitality
of its.bullding to the labor unions and
the political branches.
When, for instnnce. a Socialist traveler ^visits the celebrated liaison du
Peuple in Brussels, what most impressed him is not the headquarters
of the co-operative society itself, nor
the figures of the annual business—
for (here are a number of co-operatives
in Europe which work on a still larger
scale. He is chiefly struck with the
fact that here, under one roof are
brought together all possible forms of
Socialist activity. Here'the working
people buy their bread, their meat,
their groceries, their   clothes,    their
a reformed  electoral system, the So-1 coal, here they jret their weekly bene-
cialist   representation   in
will be considerably increased
Black Unionism Versus Red
The Minister of the Interior recent-
!y told us that in his opinion, when-
correspond with vivid accuracy to the; ever plural voting is abolished
division of clu&seb.    On ihe-one side, j Labor Party will at   once   win   froixi^
church, which has here made itself a I/most a third of tfcp whole Chamber,
political agency for the possessing!On the other hand.'the Liberals, most
classes, stands a Conservative party, j of whom are capitalists with threo
with strongly clerical tendencies, j votes each, will lose proportionately—
over against it is arrayed the Socialist! all the more since many of their vot-
or Labor Party, championing the j ers, fearlug the advance of Socialism,
whole mass ol" the working people. Be-1 will go over to the Clerical Party,
tween mem is a Liberal Party, which] which will'then become the last bulls numerically weak and would wield 1 wark of conservatism,
but little influence if the system of!
plural votiug—one vote for the poor!
man, three for the rich-did not ar-
tifically swell Its representation in
At the close of the year 1911 It looked as if this Liberal party was goiug
to have its day. The Clericals had
then a majority of only six votes lii
the Chamber of Representative^ They
had tried -to carry through an educational bill, commonly known as the
Convent Law. whose purpose was to
give to the parochial schools, control-
* led by the clergy, the same support
from the national treasury as is given
to the public common schoola. Public
opinion was aroused, Tlie (liberals
nnd the Socialists, declaring a truce
on (ill other questions which divided
them, Joined forces against tho common enemj-
-Together with opposition to the Convent Law, th ty put in thu 'aretraul of
their campaign platform a demand for
Ui<' abolition of plural voting and a
revision of the coiiHtitutlon to provide
for universal suffrage, pure and sin**
Tliey compelled the Uovernment to
rtlHsolvi? Parliament, it- *t'i;iiu-d that,
after thirty yearn of power, the Conservative Party wat* about to fall bi»-
for* a coalition majority of Liberal*
and But iiiilHtM. So confident!) was
thl* expected that the great topic of
dl«e*uti«$on in liourgtoia pqliilcal circle* v.an whether. In «u<h un event,
th*. s^-',-,!!-■•£ -«v'.i'.t| tintvl * i.tiuiu
number of place* In the ministry and
thus bind themselves with the Liberals
iitiu u ■*'».«.•!nam biov.' ihe question
was mooted whether In thst case thn
Hociatikt ministers would waive thoir
democratic «rru|iiea mid appear At
court. If was discretely rumored tbiu
King Albert had given leader* of the
Ijthor Party   to understand   thst.   If
But' it Is not only on the political
field that Socialist action and Clerical
reaction'lneet at,close quarters.
The Clerical Party is almost omnipotent in the rural districts, and especial-
ly in the agricultural parts of - the
Flemish provinces, \\\gre the influence of the clergy Is as great as in
Ireland, it Is strong also among
people of the lower middle class,
which becomes reactionary ln spirit
step by step as it loses its economic
importance. Finally, for several years
the Clericals have been making a
strenuous effort to break the ranks
of tbe proletariat by organising the
"Christian workers" against tbe
Socialist workers.
In opposition to every "People's
House" they try to net up a "Catholic
Workers' House." If so far the fear of
offending the little retail dealers has
restrained them from establishing
many co-operative societies, they make
up ♦'or thin by forming separate trade
unions wherever they can In opposition to the regular unions, which they
strongly combined with Socialist
Ideas. The greater part of these
•'Christian Trade Union*" are under
Die Immediate direction ot priests and
monks. Their general secretary, the
Reverend Father Ruttcn, Is a member
of the Dominican Order, and everywhere the parish curates and vicars
are the most ardent propagandists of
tht* <iiHputivc unionism.
On the tne* of tbe utatNtfc". t'v-r
| < It ri ftt Ian unioim would appear to he
but little weaker than the genunine
! move-men; of organised labor In lie!-
glum. The Confederation of Christian Trade t'nlons claims a membership of l(i:,,tmt at compared with I SI.-
mt Miiiliated with the "Hyndlcal CAm-
minion of the Ubor Party and the In-
dependent Unions;" to this latter fig.
Parliament fits in case of sickness. On the first
floor.^side by side with the -offices of
the co-operative society proper, are
those of the political organization and
of the various unions, and the letterboxes of the seventy b'ranches of the
Brussels labor movement. Since the
ing. large ns that was, we have recent
ly dedjeated a new six-story struchire
in the rear of tbe old Maison du Peuple, which we call the Maison de
The whole first floor Is given to an
Immense gymnasium, the second to a
j beautiful concert and lecture ball. The
* third is occupied -by the offices of
numerous unions. On the fourth are
class-rooms and the offices of the educational committee, and on the fifth a
lecture hall and a large and well-
equipped library. Finally, on the
sixth floor, one finds the headquarters
of the International Socialist (Bureau.
This common housing of the diverse
groups of the party Is symbolic of
their continuity of aim and action.
It helps to promote a harmony of
views and a shoulder-to-shoulder
solidarity which nowhere else exists
to the same degree, This Is of especial Importance In a country like ours
where—strange as It may seem to
American readers—the class struggle
is unavoidably also a religious struggle, where tbe polcy of the CathoMe
church tends to divide the working
people into two hostile camps and Imposes upon us a double need for stable
nnd powerful organisation.
Training Labor's executives       j
Such nn organliatlon ns this neeJsj
many capable men to Condi ct its affairs. One or the most Important
tasks of the party hss been to find
meana of developing ont of the rank
and flje of the working class Itself a
sufflcent number of competent .propagandists and administrators for
the unions, the cooperatives and the
political organisations. In 1911 it
created » central committee on labor education to coordinate and
strengthen all the various efforts
which were being made
affiliated with  the IaIiov
One of the most vivid pictures remaining, from my 32,000-miie journey,
undertaken in the Investigation of government by gunmen is that of a fair-
haired, ' blue-eyed youth, slight of
frame, who peered at me from 'behind
the steel bars of a prison.
Each hand gripped a vertical rod,
the smooth, pale face looking out between. >The grated cubicle was just
six feet square, Some pitiful touches
had been made in the hope of warming
lt and partially concealing the fact
that it was a dungeon.
Two pasteboard mottoes dangled by
strings: "Hitch your'wagon to a star,"
and, ">If you can't smile at the worst,
you're a failure." Amateur cartoons
hid a portion of one wall. There
was a basketjj'ith an orange in it; two
live mice in a jar—"for company," in
the words of the blue-eyed youth.
There were a fow books: "Workers of
American ±Hstory," and "World's
Great Events." Crowding the narrow
cot was a typewriter.
"It's all a part of the fight," remarked the young man on the other
side of the bars, with a quiet smile,
"—all a part of the fight."
Yes, it was all a part of the fight—
the .f'giit of the . workers for bread.
The prisoner was a victim—a sufferer
because of his own devotion and cour- i
age in tlie struggle to feed and clothe
his brothers.
The Fight for Bread
"All a part of the fight." Exactly.
A part' of the fight of the workers for
bread. And if those who wish to steal
the bread of the 'workers, so as to
trade it for automobiles—if those have
their way, then the slender, patient
prisoner will change his surroundings
for something worse. He will pay on
the gallows for his part in the fight.
The name of the prisoner of whom
I am writing is Carl Person. He ls
21 years old, a machinist and'former
employe of the Illinois Central railroad. He is held without bail and Is to
be tried for murder in a city , and
county wjiere*- justice has been driven
from 'her temple; here a masked marionette, operated   by   strings in   the
of stealing the bread of the workers,
rules in the place of Justice; where
jury trials are a puppet show; iwhere
"the law" is a weapon   for   beating
down  the man  who tolls—especially
tho man who toils and fights.
If justice were to be had tn Clinton,
Illinois. Carl Person would never have
spent a day in jail. He stands In the
shadow of the gallows because he
dared go on strike. He was singled
out especially for punishment because
he .was leader among his fellows and
an inspiration to thenti
True, Carl Person killed a man, but
lt was in defense of his own life, and
so palpably ln defense of his own life
that had he been an ordinary citizen
— a business man, say—he would not
even have been arrested.
But the Illinois Central Railway had
marked Carl Person for a victim. The
city government of Clinton, and the
county government, are" hut branches
jot the legal department of the Illinois
Central railroad. So Carl Person
stands In the shadow of the gallows.
As Carl Person is the victim of a
deliberate frame-up of a great corporation, in which a private gunman took
a necessary aud criminal part, his
story properly belongs In this series
on government by gunmen.
Railroad Keynote ef Industry
The future of the working class
movement depends   more   upon
were masterpieces of the literature of
revolt. The "Strike Bulletin" was an
inspiration to the union shopmen; it
stiffened ^tlieir backbones; it held
them in line.
'Wherefore, the Illinois Central plotted to "quiet" the "Strike Bulletin"—
and Carl Person.
The "legal department ot every
great railroad Is political first and
legal afterward. Every great railroad is in politics for the purpose of
dealing with just such emergencies
as the Illinois Central" faced at Clinton.
They send their own lawyers'to the
bench and the Governor's chair, their
awn superintendents, doctors, and
other officials-r-or the relatives thereof—into the public offices.
In Clinton the Illinois Central attorneys, Lemon & Lemon, are the political bosses. The Illinois Central chief
surgeon, Dr. Edmondson, also serves
the railroad company as mayor of Clinton. The sheriff of the county is the
father of an Illinois Central employe.
The coroner was chosen wittf an eye
single to the interests of tne Illinois
Central. The county supervisors
dance to the Illinois Central fiddle.
The daily newspapers of the town
poison the news to the Illinois Central
From which it will be sera that if
the Illinois Central made up its mind
to "get" one Carl Person it was in a
position to do so. m
The first step was to try to drive
the young editor away from Clinton by
■The second was to beat him up. In
April, 1913, Person was jumpted upon,
knocked down and beaten by three
men on the streets of Decatur, a
neighboring town. Thc thugs were
headed by one Bill Lelghton, an Illinois Sentral strikebreakers.
Carl Person continued to edit the
"Strike Bulletin." The Illinois Central then procured his Indictment on
charges of sending defamatory matter
through the mails. But tho evidence,
was weak; the case promisel to go to
pieces. Accordingly, a second ' slugging was staged   *
.   A few weeks'rest from Business at
'    i i ~   :\ • «-     /      -     -'    > -'"..!        . ■ *■     i
Glacier Park or the Coast
 V- ^- .        ' ,
■ :,■ will giveyott a! new lease of.life, or to those whose time Is llm-
*lted, tako quickest route east or west, via tho Groat Northern
Railway Co. '
•23 Hours Fernie to Seattle: . I-*
26 Houps to Viotoria ;v
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East '& jVeit"!
You will eujc^' all the comfort of im6s$ modern railroad equipment.   Courteous and efficient' employes will malte your -trip
-pleasant. '- *   ,■-'.-r  *^-      ■,■ -.-■'."■ >-•
<,     Before purchasing steamship tickets, let us talk It over.
fFor further information apply to
P.6. Box 461      FERNIE, B.C.      Phone No^l611
Hf»» omcdNp I
* •khum.Mmi
Treasurers of Church Societies, Lodge, Labor and Athletic
- Organizations will find the Home Bank most obliging
in handling the deposit accounts of the
funds placed in their keeping. lj
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
Bank of Canada
Capital Paid Up. .$7,000,000       Beserve Fund ... .$7,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, Presided HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victor!*.
, interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
This^time the thug ehosen for Qthe
job was one Tony Musser, a strike-,
breaker employed in the shops at Clinton. iMussec had not been" furnished
by any regular strikebreaking agency,
but being a notorious gunman of Central Illinois, had been employed direct-
■ly by the Illinois Central." iMueser's
photo reveals him ns the lowest typo
of human brute, ile was ior some
yenrs a member of the Clinton police
While siivlng as assistant to thu
ihlef of polhx', the latter was klileJ
under circumstances that strongly
pointed to Musser as tbe murderer.
Hut (.Musser. having succeeded to the
office of the dead man, the mystery
was never cleared up. Later ..Musser
waB forced to leave Clinton because of
a gun play following a fearful beating
which he administered to hie wife.
Musser hired by Railroad
Person had referred* to iMUBser's
part in the "Strike Bulletin." and the
.latter harbored a personal animosity.
But there is little doubt that he twas
encouraged by bis superiors to attack
the edltor—moit likely hlrod to do so.
Tho tragedy occurred December
1013. I .went over the ground car*.
fully my*elf, nnd from all accounts
there was never a clearer case of self
Ou the night of December 28th 'Atus-
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Insurance Policies
or other valuables in one of these boxes
"» *
P. B. Fowler, Manager *      Fernie Branch
•h,.. ».. ,.i i . ««i*i.«.«* t.. ,*.„ ..imi.i.  "r* w* mmt a,W «*»<>«* S-KMirt* tw other
he> * wim l*rilelSMt» iu the »dmlnls- m{mt whleb  whlI#l mt ,dhOTln-   t0
union, be would   dispense   w!th.H;th„   „,,„„,,».,,   commissi "nsinrJiT nt
inched by oilier Hit   lo   the Labor
peedU-iti formillltlt'H Of Mian- I'llqui.tK:
A Lost Opportunity
Hii* or.e ittf{wr*mt jmint h%d t>»*4**n
oitrloolM'ti Mm* totpteritnttx* ••lament*
whlrh fari»«-tl tb«> 'Ylgb: win-st** of the
l.'.'iur.sl l\i;:>.
Ptom the •»-finn*n* «.h«i- th#> ltHj«j.*)*i
filial ".*.in, lit*.* M«--«t H<4u»U'i<*i €*i«».Hti-
!#!** at LAii*: 4»d Vntleroi, ib* H'"-^
Is vtry effective fn tbe tteet*
went nf Coldi,   By l.<-l|>ing
lint it f-i-ft anfb & I'o-mp-aritoti   1*
] '!>ih<- misleading.  As well eempar*  a
flort; ot sheep, pnmiively foHowiiiir
,„-«."*;* *;ii*.*jMi#r-d#, »k»h an army ol s-rir-
>»-H'»n' «fit*n*#>n» acting imlrt th* di.
muoii «f t'sptsins whom ih*y th«*m
[ttt'A'e* heel) rkootm.
M.itij th-mi-i-Mi-Is of thuetf who litur*'
id tl»»*. lui'ihlH-rnhip w-pori* of 1,(11-
f'.H'tljm Tml" I'nliiii* Ii"l(iin,' 1 n nVi
nit!> :a mutual !*.<-Tn-f!t ttorlt-tb-'. or tt,
1,, -,., i,.(.. . . 9 *   .      .        *
11H1- .(Tf no" )H*rT»!»*nf'»i»iv orea********.'
, ,1   .-.it..",   ,t'     uu; uuui- usunti*    in
« ,s ■■'■■    f  ,t"     l» i«f [.11 rruuthuvr
•it iho-w- <»if'•!■■»"•     inmlltd    hv    »v"
< i»r*«>, the* i>-»v rldii-iilooly umall Aura,
-,*nd lh«- rlilf' mm    tif th«:r rtrgan!Tr«-
• . •   '» In >. »■  ..•. «,li- '**,. >.. '»■  ■' * »n
. u, *,..*«- ,-**.,*.it* 9   iHfi 10 .mint* tk'.'tl »h»"
■ t*:f*lltti~>>*t*   U.t   . ulifn-n   1:   fit    *1   «-»;■<■«•
... S   tt'litl'.t'.i.u*
Eight  Veart*  Growth
r\v\ *. 1:   ••' ■
the.8er huP* r,bout tbe streets of Clinton,
men who operate the rallroa'ds th»n i «ffo«ni»ani«Ml by a man who agreed to
It does upon the workmen In any other ^ l>°,nt out Person, but the latter did not
single industry. The terrible beatings j'*W*r. The next dey Musser was
that the railroad organlaatlons reeelv- »«»«''»to boast: "I'm going np town to
ed In the TO'h the destruction of the A.j h««t.—-- out of that "
Ft. U. in tm, nnd the bitter wa**hati »«»»»e of the previous assault and
the great-transportation companies )t»e constant threat* that were being
have always waged against the unions m*<»e agnlnut him, Person had purchaser their employes, hare forced the f<l « Savage automatic pistol, which
railroad employes to proceed along neegrrled about with him. .
most conservative Iln** of organla- K«fiJf In the afternoon of the 30lh
by    bodies I tion. f Musser was excused from his "work"
.,.,„.„,.-., .*,„,,. ,„,• ,*.,v,- t'urtv ami' Th» wml> kntibeeri ««««{. While."* <*■* taUroad that*smd 111*1 up tu»a
the flyndleal Commission 'to provide fww»» of the Allroad crafts are still »*'««»» n "chem* In his mind to decoy
the working people with such Instruc »«* *°°rli' ««»"»»«>. the brother.! Poteen tmor from his office and at.
Hon and training ai may bust fit them j*•**•. as a whole, are more ppweriul \ tem _hlm. ,
to tarry on the class struggle with than the labor organisations In any ■ Carrying oot the scheme to the let.
effect on all three fields. (other trustified Industry In Uie coun-' ter. 4lu«ser visited a saloon, got 1*1*
Curiously  enough    ihi»  enterprise • try. *-*0« on the telephone, represented h!tn-
has Just now been materially aided by T' T,»* mo?m*nl »•*«*,.**•.&*•»■}!?!{ t0J* Jl **}£* <0"« "*•? K,rk)
ibe unexampled liberality of a treat tion of a dosen or so railroad broth- and ajked th? labor  editor  to come
erhoods hss only recently begun. Real- down to the Intemrbsn station, s short
Islng that federation will multiply the distance away. He then went to a
power of the orggniiatlons many fold!cigar store en the nearest corner and
and render them relatively Impregna-1 waited.
ble, the railroad* are fighting the Pernon, unsuspecting, pnt on Ms
movement bitterly. A number td overcoat and went down to the an-
well »•> of teehniesl pmeeeses. Though'»•«»"«<•»>« over thit point have or-\mt**»J>}***^ ?*&** to find hi*
not himself « iocialitt he reaartB' "t^**1 tiurtR* tk* *,w#r ,nd Wrin« !riw,a K,rlr* l" iwm* *n* •**>"*•*
tVeaSSSt ItSSSS«!; JSnlSlI^ *•«..•■« •• this U written I mIM mim_emm«rtm -Strike
-si duUSvc tntx-ii ',;, iym emiatioo of
th^   modern    world.     Holding   thii
liTinA vie**. ltt» l«u» put (he sum   of. ,      ,     . ,_,   * .     9_      M   .
um,m at the dlsiWMl of the Ubor! *7rr,ra '* ****** mam th* fB* •*
ibe unexampled liberality of a great
manfacturer, Krnest Solvay, commonly known as "the Hoda King," Is
protmbly the richest capitalist In
ll»'!*»liini. liut he U more thrtn n c«p-
Itnlitt. He Is likewise an Inventor—
iiii'l an originator of so«-tal Ideas   ns
'-r*'-'- ! b> * hiji-. ^.'.',. Ul (4 me td', Ifcilletlg,"   Ilia wny i«4 pest tbe cigar
the hroiberhoo*!*   thnt   the   frestest \ •*•*» where MUiier lay In  wait for
y-id vie**  lm !..■« nut ih« aum   or. railroad strike   la   the   hlstori   of,him.
"-»«.»»**•>» "" ***** *»• ""a  "I1-..I- « -iki* *.^-99 a*~ --j -#i   "is that Persowr Musser asked of
Part) to develop ir* »*<fucattonal work
and to iffovl-lc lur _ llntn-ua of 8o»1al
l^«einlnf|f»n.    Whit ihi* f«nd to mip-
. pigment At,- ni^iKiitriatfonn made uy
."hi.   tfetdttit.   «<•<<"<■    itrnwi.    **W»<   !*,*•*•'•
i.uum < *.;niitiiU'.- lua tor Hit- iircucnt
* .        .,.■'.„. t.t, ^.......». a,..,
It had already established Ima!
...aui.uii.n iniirpt in ten 01 th* prin-
-!li.i! !inl'u*rkil title*, be.iitlfs a <-«'ii-
"r.!i   jilir' ti'.ibiiiu   sit'i'liry   fi 1   Mn-   1 tr;.
IWII the clerk.  "Ved," Wji* thenph.  "Arc
rstftratlon ths Issue !>'0«   *»ur«?"      (»u«»tl«ued  Uie  bully.
»    Th»« present mrtltf-or locltont, «« **«nre.** nkld the rleitc
tUt-  -eorken prefer tn tali It—on the     <>lus»er   step|ted out of the Hoy*,
llfinnts Ontrel   l«  <»»i nii*tttw*a nt thtt.cmm-W d****-* X*.-****** 9 «...•••„„ „-,-»
,t*ti*uuu »»»■!«.      ifi.  LMlKNid   haUiaa tbe utile alitor   imesed,   the sur-
tintt* nnimi*  but aAu 1* *i*t. Ivr muir.'    TV- f'r«! Viv   %\v.u ,. Smui th-f raat.
iplleI the d-rength of each tty flro nnd'teY.td Uie Uetlm.   It mini be rem****
t'..ui'   a i**.:*. **j,tii*iti.*f. Hit, iiitiniit* i**-ir*& in*** iit«- juiicf ««>igbed but'1SS
rfntral ttosether with the other llar-;pomi_d«. while_hl« atajitant   was oter
■m  rf'-i-
'u    .1
Uii C
it.    A  *-lr IfH In lulu'.t   in:
.1 *       In
s  -1 :*»•.)■-I.'
maaV       |»*<t# 1,,»       (
Ki SfrrtVt ".
-)li<    |ll*»>    1 '1
, of *r»rK;«si.*»-t
'. 'b<- nnk* 1 i
' 1 > ;>    'i'i.        :.'
Hil(('»'   kMwt'
' <   f.j j-ti
,";Rd. la-
a   H
. bti.<   I
'f!)-i'  -■"I-. (»«,(f!>   '!.;•• r    y-et*    ago.
u"v*i!':l.   -,fd   v *>h,-.i -tod vktr unlcn
''■))•.<*•!  "*.- ifU..'*'A*"ti*t -v«.r«> enjpto>et'
•,i 'iii-'.'i 1. t:tr.U und f-n-l a<-nhr.   The
■- ■   Atff rr\,flft, hm  irahia -ron ,
*-• M'-.t 10 n»ii.   F<tl*r,'.]tr.i had not iiro-; *< rk'-l J.'*
i' »-<<; fir »in'ua.   tor \h* *rt\nt*rtt drrtim.
iu-lah»^l   'lit*
,     ■*.    -   ^..l*...   r**fc.-U    mt.mtl*
t'fiWJIi t" ''■* *•■*■  t.t*   ltd thi   *'«*•
see air«'k ft,':,    V. -ii,:: M{ 3r,.l Mir-
•tu-fced )!im|->e-4 iM'^ri M-n.
W»h  «'Vt.r    »•'--
:*■ tnvnir lirii'.e
tl.     '''I
1. *  .msr,til.«:i i»k'-. n! *'m
!,1A   !!»'
'.•'* •«> ti" ill
1*n Into the,"Aw.
t i'i-    • * *-f
s {-.in iin.-re nmr-
1 jrashereit. Jin*-
.11. ^* ti i *i ii
let him k:!t '.!•«"'   R«t #eri->r*l
held Wm and started forward again.
Brushing the blood and dirt from
his eyes, the little editor saw bim
coming, drew the pistol from his pock-
et with unsteady hands, and fired the
shots that killed Tony Musser.     •
Person. In a state of collapse, sobbing with psln and excltment, handed
the pistol to n bystander, staggered to
the courthouse and gave himself up to
the sheriff.
Gunman Muner was dead; Carl Person was still alive, thought badly
beaten. Moreover, the life of Gunman
Muiser was worth little to tbe Illinois
Central railroad, A dead Musser were
better than a live one—If <Musser dead
would servt> »ue railroad better In Ita
plot to "get" Carl Person.^
, 80 the lllicjla Central's county gov-
eminent, and the Illinois Central's re*
•pectable henchmen in Clinton's re>
spectable society, set to work to "pun-
W Civrt P«w>h for the "murder" ot
"our fellow cltlien," Thuf Musser.
Some Incidents were the following:
Said respectable henchmen tried to
organise a lynching bee. but failed.
On being locked up, Person begged
the sheriff to permit bis friends to
send a photographer. In order that bis
braised and battered condition might
be preserved as evidence for the trial.
The sheriff, obviously for tbe purpose
of defeating justice, refused the re-
The dally papers came out denouncing Person as n"forelgner nnd n Socialist1" pronouneed htm a murderer
and eried out for Ma Wood.
Then* were n number of witnesses
to ibo killing, who stood msdy to tee.
fttfy tbst the ibeta were Hml in self
j defeat*. The coroner refused to hear
.any of tbeee and at his Instructions tbe
coroner's Jury recommended that Per-
'ami be held tin murder in ihe first de-
!trw, without hnlf. Kyery newapnpsr
; reporter known that railroads are more
! !»»»■»•»»■»»•• ttt mt\t*l*.t  l**r   r-rtvlt.- ,- It.-.*-      .   ■•
.oiNer petty pablir ntfirinl, that thev
.. a.,.  A.ii.ij* ui'.. .uv mtout-r, Ouuy
ti'il soul; tlw'^i!)!  »,*;*n#. iufii *',i titna*
■■ larly on nuroner's Juries, and tbat eor-
•iner aimim-nu—when the ease has any
Interest for a railroad—are a none-
' irons fari-t-
„j ., 999,,rV-^mt» imi it.*** fataatm,
tbtttpioo ot tali«r. ts farted to stand
'trial tor n,nritr Ir; a county where Jed-
:ge*» ,-»re fined a?,il }\ir'.tr» arc naiVtd bj
t* Fr<*f m'tr«n*1 1 rallro.!*! that !«
i^:e■^r-Mwl la aeniint tb!* particular
1 mme varkintinian u» tk* gailo** —
?rth» Keuneih Trtim r.   In   Appesl   ti
It might open the eyes of some people who Imagine that trades unions
exist mainly foe tae purpose of strikes
and making trouble for the employers,
to learn that during the year 1913, the
latest date to which reports have
been complied, the International organisations In Canada and the United
States disbursed the sun of fifteen *
million dollars ln betfeflts to their
members. Only three and a half mil*
Hone of this was given ou! In strike
pay, the balance being devoted to the
liquidation of death and disability
claims, etc.
It Is" also to tw remembered that
these figures refer to money going
through the ordinary channels, and In
addition many thousands of dollars
are being granted for speeial cases,
of whleh no account !» taken In 'fhe
compilation of official figures.
Tbe workingman can hold no bet*
ter asset than a paid-up union card;
no fraternal organisation can begin to
compare with the lebor union in ben*
eflts directly received through Its
agency. The duet paid Into the union
are a gilt-edged proposition, securing
to the members shorter boun, In-
creased wages, and better working
conditions. All this, not taking any
account whatever of the many social
and fraternal advantages, such as
death and disability, unemployment,
elek an* accident fceneflt*, and oUMffe
pensions to mesnbers too old and
feeble to work.
it's a temg bill of fare In fwturw for
the smalt ammmts paid In.  la it any
wonder that the trades union novt>
went  Is  making  such phenomenal
,headwayt-Toronto Industrial Banner,
j   Increase In the swarms of people
{whose  -ftskstenee Is subordinated to
iwM»*er'<»l tlwvelnn-mefl* t« *■»»*#* tr* tta
*jlaaw«le4 tbsn to be rejoie-wl over-"
...' .ui ,. «),.* ..**>■ , >»    1.'-*'.*.* Alt'* (wai'
' men!*,*
Salvia Hair Tonic Makes
The Hair Beautiful.
ft' .«•«    '   '
* "•• *■     t,9*esi.-f*.'
t ll ...
'■-   ■ i *',.«,    ut*
#»*tt     . 1 **
•*„•■-'•'. ,,fi  ira.U
tem   it-y -
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it ritntot>.!ae-d P#re«n *-ftf.'V<i
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- tt'.fft* lad-', RwsheO at Nie Victim
H'tritt* tml't    T*** a't*,' *■' *■'*  :'i***■*,■-.  tr-w*r* * fr*
jbe *S#. t».i*'-d :>»• an-jr. in'• ntt* to
tfar'.on f»llslecT**iw. b" **»*'"» t.tt the bnnft thai
; Tha> dan.tniff is canacd by germs Is
,suffered by every sensible person.
• i^miruft ia tbe root of all hair evils.
.    H.U/m     will    hill    the   dandruff
,«ii i-9   l.i!  '1 fii'm-n <!jru!rnil  ;a    lm
V    idaya, or moner back.
1 *..!-* <. .< im-, , ■ !•' (-'ii '■'<.'.l ih. .hm:, *ut>4 muk* Ike hail thick *b4
!f^.!«*or movement every day. Slnte the; abundant. It prevents tmlr fr»m
j-irtft. I.*-;* t ■ ft t3i_ t ■:' itf*i t ■'.tiTi.'.ng, wn, , *J<3* life and 1u«4j«
-ir. tb* Prrtrir-l.il tU-r-ir.v.". hv Ii*,j R'tAIA I* •» hair dreieiag th.il
in*ronn*tuX * tan tttr tbe at»«»*»j«n r»t|has kerom* the favorite wl*!i wonu-n
'Dn*** ?**■»« Kwi-ber. t-v 'Mtrti. 7*7 |-r.f naif iin*. fUlia-r*' '«&? %«£•»* tke
trnt.  with  »»r».tertv   to  lh*.   tt'it* tdi**elat**talma    el ***aaniftni  k/tl*   ******
.•rn. fttmeda «w*y nv* >n vx* •««»"!• 't-ltier nt mnirtt  drtgilm.    Sold   at
Irtra* Partlamentrj «r!ertlans BTeadelP* Ibw* Wore. - .*■ "J" • •--;. M-r-r AA A'_'   '""'•'' -.-,-'
Jim Larkin's Address to the
Irish Trades Congress
- Comrades:    We are*living in' momentous times, but we who havs been
elected to take up and tjarry still further) tho banner which   was  fcoister
by the pioneers twenty-one years ago
in this city cannot afford   to   make
mistakes,,  The. knowledge gained•' in
the bitter days of -the, past   should
strengthen us in cur deliberations and
work in the future.   They were now
on the threshold of a newer movement,
with a newer hope and new inspiration.   The best tnanks,they could offer those who' went before and who
raised tbe Irish working class from
their knees ,was to press forward with
determination and enthusiasm toward
the ultimate goal of their efforts, viz.,
a "Co-operative   Commonwealth   for
Ireland."   In the' meantime, the immediate work to hand was the esiab-*
llshment Qf a   new   party—a   labor
party—an industrial army; a political
party, whose politics would be the assurance of bread, and   butter  for all.
We have been told In every mood and
tense throughout the long, weary past,
that Was   n"   ,common   denominator
pould govern the action of-the workers'
activities  "north   nnd - south.     Tho
question of.home rule—the question of
whnt  some people  called  religion-
had been used to divide'them in   the
past.   Now that the Government   of
Ireland Bill, -which 'was alleged to -he
a Homo Rule Bill, whs on the statute
book, and would -{je law in;.the. immediate future: that questtoti was settled
once for all. /The question of religion was a matter for each individual's
conscience, ^nd, in a great many -cases
w'ais the outcome ol birth or residence
in a certaju geographical area. .Claiming for ourselves Jlberly of conscience,
' liberty to" worship, we shall see to it
that every other individual enjoys the
; same, right, for intolerance has heen
the cjirse of history,    It Is for us to
. preach the gospel of toleration    and
comradeship for all w-ftmen and men.
The day has arrived   for   us   of the
Irish working dasscs   to   reconsider
'our position.   Whatever other classes"
in Ireland might do. we must march
forward to the complete conquest   of
Ireland, not as representing sections,
', sects or parties, but as representative
ot, the "organized working class as   a
whole, by God's help and the inteHj-
gent uso of tlieir   own   strong   right
arms, they   could   accomplish . great
.things.   The Irish working class   are
now raising from their knees and attaining full stature.   .The' New -3rish
Party hart come of age, entered into
its inheritance, and would stand erect
upon Its feet frdm this*day forward.
Looking back over   the    immediate
past—more     particularly-the     long
months of 1913 and the early months
.of 1914, wo saw there the attempt of
an organized, unscrupulous capitalist
litical  parties  and holding 'different
sectarian views who had combined together for the purpose of destroying
organized labor in Ireland.   The lockout in 1913 was a deliberate attempt
to sthrve them into submission, and
met with well-deserved failure.   The
workers emerged from the struggle
purified and   strengthened,   with   a
fierce determination and a f|xed purpose.   The employers' attitude was  a
direct attack-upon the essential principles of trades unionism.   The out-
' come of the attack had been   the Initiating of a new principle of solidarity
inside of the unions, and for the first
time in the history of the worjd of
labor the beautiful and more humane
principle    had    received   universal
recognition, vis., "An injury to ono is
, the concern of all": that motto would
be emblazoned on the banner of labor
the world over Jn the future. They had
established a great human principle.
Once again the Dublin workers stood
as pioneer in the upward and onward
march of Wbor. The men and women
engaged >Jtr the struggle had shown
magnificent courage, loyalty and en*
durance—the history of the bitter sufferings and fortitude had rung like a
clarion call throughout all countries.
Tn this morning's paper T rend with
disquietude Ute report of   the   utter-
ances of an eminent churchman—a
most teamed man-** matt wbo claims
to ge a   great   educationalist    and
Christian, wbo  had   been   speaking
' foolish words on the Industrial question.   Ho would find It necessary   to
go   back   to   school   and le;«r   the
A, B. C of economics.   This learned
gentleman bad aald unthinkingly Iwe
will charitably suppose) tbat capital
must be supplied by the employers,
meaning by Hint the present control'
lent of capital.   That statement had
only to be made to prove Its absurdity.
All capital Is supplied by the working
class, but to our undoing and to our
fkbame, wss controlled by the capitalist class,   A statement such at   this
churchman made should open the eyes
of the working class to the want of
knowledge of men who claim to be
guides and leaders.   And as much as
I respect the church to which I belong,
and the views of those who are interpreters of the dogmas of that church,
and ?s much as I respect the opinions
qf members of any and every church,
I make this claim—that as long as the
working class allow any churchman to
-abuse his trust and interfere in.working affairs in the industrial world, so
lpng would they have to submit* to
hunger, privation, and wage slavery.
In matters spiritual they would obey
them, but on the economic and industrial field we would be guided by
knowledge that the working class have
as much right as any. section or clbss
in the community to enjoy all the advantage of science, art and literature.
No field of knowledge,, no outlook in
life, and no book should be closed
against the workers. They\should demand: their share in. the effulgence
of life, and all that was'created for
enjoyment of mankind. And here do
I appeal to those who cannot see eye
to eye,, with us, who feel they cannot
come all the way, to come with us as
far as their knowledge will permit-
come at least to the bottom of the
iboreen, and then if we must part, the
pidiieers will continue on and up the
mountain to meet, the dawning of the
lieAV tomorrow. The working class
must be'free, not only economically
but intellectually. Speaking to a
prietf't some tine ago, lie said, I ngr?e
with wnn*? of your Views, and brieve
that improvement and'alteration is
necessary in the world; but, said he,
we are determined^ to build a (wall
around Ireland and keep out the advanced ideas of westeVn Europe. I
replied: "As much as I respect your
views, Father, tbere is no power on
earth could build a wall to keep out
thought.'. The 'riiten in the new movement are determined to enjoy the fiill-
nesa of life and' o£ the knowledge and
power that the Creator'ordained them
I desire to bring you back for a
mo.metit, and would speak with you on
one or two points Of the struggle in
Dublin last year. We saw too plainly
then tliat sectionalism carried with it
defeat amongst the working class. We
bad thirty-seven unions-' engaged in the
struggle, each acting upon its own line
of defense and attack and according to
its own methods.' Those who were engaged had shown tpegnificeut. courage
—and men, aye, and little children—
had proven heroism. Hunger, tie gaol,
and death its did not dettr themV Let
us not forget our conyades, Brady,
Xolan and Byrne, who were murdered
in the streets ot this city by the hired
hooligans/of the oapitaiist class—the
police. We found that no political
party, no church, made a protest
against the abuse of the laws iby tha
capitalist class. During that period it
was shown clearly that   there   was
resented at the congress,  the  other
was ashamed to face the music.   We
methods. The hard-headed northerner had appreciated the benefits of
co-operation. The northern missed
some fit the advantages of the southern "atmosphere in which man lives
for a day- like the flowers of the field.
•Phat was a beaut>£ul and inspiring
thing; yet the flowers closed up at
night to preserve the dew again the
appearance tomorrow's sun. They
could start right away to develop cooperation -in the shop and in the
home aijd eventually they would have
You can understand Savonarola, burned at the stake. You can understand
John Brown, executed at Harper's
ferry. Why ..do you fail to understand
this somebody sacrificed in the tunnel ? I do not say that the cross and
the stake and the scaffold have tricked
you. Or that you have tricked the
tunnel.   For if you fail to understand
will mention no names, in the interest' no need for an employer as he is to
of unity, but they must see to it that
such -happenings shall never take place
In the future. On union is the only
way out, one union for all industry.
One might say when they hear this
suggestion that it is the term of a
madman—that is Larkin again. It is,
however, the only sound, logical
method, and the only way that makes
for success. The employers know tie'
sectionalism. The employers gave us
the title ofthe working class. Let-us
■be proud of the term. Let us have,
then, the one union and not, as now
1,100 spearate unions, each acting upon its own. When ■ one union was
locked out or on strike, other unions
or sections were either apathetic or
'scabbed on those in dispute. A stop
must be put to this organized black-
legging. Wo saw ,too, the workers
in Belfast, who -in-1907 put. up one of
the greatest industrial  fights in his- in the land, and ,ou the other hand
day;, but they themselves would 'become their own employers, produce,
distribute ond consume their own product; and then in that day they would
be a-ble-tp give the employers well-deserved punishment; they would give
him a job and he would have to work
for his living. Thanks to the last two
congresses and the resolutions therein carried. Today we see the birth of
an Irish Labor Party, in which there
would be no room for the old lines of
cleavage; no politics,- no disagreements, no.misunderstandings; cemented by their common needs, a working
class party that would concern themselves with seeing to it that sufficient
food, clothing, and shelter were enjoyed by women, men and children.
We saw, too, during the last few
months that the law-breakers in Ulster were allowed to break every law
the tunnel you deny all martyrdom,
You affront the continuity of history.
Por the tunnel belongs to the cross by
the same subtle chain of ' faith that
moves the cross to the tunnel.
He died humbly crushed underneath
a rock. They have brought him out of
the ground. His face is pale butisatis-
fied. Your cry .for millions will not
stay in its heavy round to regard his
anonymous visage. -But for him your
city could not exist All labor lies
there prostrate in its inert form.
Worship here. Here is religioji
enough. --Cotton's Weekly.
tory^ ojving to the fact that sectarian
bigotry had been aroused to such a
pitch by the organized capitalist liass
in that great city that they who appealed for help to Dublin and other
cities in 1907, they, with a few honorable exceptions, refused to send am.
munition to Dublin during tbe late
struggle. /
These cursed lines of sectarian and
political demarcation must be wiped
away; they must hunt th* fomentors
of such bigotry and intolerance oJt
of the trade Union movement. No employer ever 'asked a ma*> whether he
was a Nationalist or a Catholic, Unionist or Protestant. If a worker entered
Queen's Island shipbuilding yard and
stated that he would nor-work with an
Orange lathe, a Protestant pneumatic
rivetter, or a Catholic anvil, he woul.l
be fired out at once. They must drop
theso party^ distinctions. One un-.o;i
is the way'out: that union to em-
'brace all departments of industry—
engineers,   shipbuilders,    distributive
trades  and  transport  workers,   each i movement.
or these sections lookln-ar particularly
nfter ils own work, bnt all of them
bound up together and worxing ior
the betterment of .all ni.M anil -.vomer.
Ti'c-e who would not ti.'sisl in th's
one union movement wf>n> on Mi*.1 sliH
■if *l e capitalist; thoy mam rlilier ln-r
with us or against us. We h.-ive no
time to argue-further with these men
and women who stan>i for sP'"tion.i!-
13*1': we must -simply march ov<-,r thon
to the conquest and control of indus'.:y
and rur own destiny. An3tl"■'•.• side cf
their lives which had bivxi too Ions
reelected—a line of idvuice which
had not been taken seriously into
consideration-—the safest line of advance I speak of now, viz., thc eo-op-
eratIve_ movement.   In this niy nt-tha
when labor held a constitutional meeting, the leaders were arrested and
cast into prison. That should be a
lesson to the workers; the question of
ftedmondites, O'Brienites or Carson-
ites should be a thing of the foolish
past. We must unite as Labarites fn
the three leaved shamrock of fellowship; have faith in their cause, hope
of its realization, and charjty to all
men.   I have   deliberately    refrained
There was a net increase of the
population; of the United States,
through Immigration, during the year
1913, of 815,303. This figure may be
secured by subtracting from the total of 1,427,227 Immigrants who entered this country in 1913 the number of
aliens who returned to their native
lands in tho same period, 611,92 i.
Of this huge mass of humanity
which poured in   through    our ports
| during the twelve months of the last
year, „only 28 per rent came from
northern Europe, of Teutonic and
Keltic races; while ftS per cent came
from the Slavic and Iberic races of
southern and eastern Europe. Fo-ir
States, New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and  Illinois, absorbed   6*3
j nor cent of the total.   But 14 per cent
„ ,.. ...      .    A.       ,       .found their way to   the   agricultural
from writing anything m the  shape ,      i(ms of th   smuh nnd west_     The
of an address to this congress, believ- ,lt       of illiterates   among   the
ing the spoken word coming from the . inmiigrants froni northern Europe was
but '.', per cent.   The percentage of il-
, , , , . „ L,   J literacy among those  from  southern
have put my soul Into I recall that j and eaRtern Europe was 35 per cent,
only a short time ago I was expelled-1 Here T some facts wllich oughts t0
by those Who wore opposed to the new- \ makn     evwy   thoughtful     American
| pause, no matter whether the   United
heart, is of more value than the written word; and all that I have said I
er movement, expelled hy methods
which were a disgrace to the trade
union movement. As you all know, I
have been in, prison on a charge such
as no man qf my class would be guilty
of. I was released, thanks to tbe efforts ot my friends in the trade union
States is the place of his nativity or
the home of his adoption. There is in
these astounding revelat.ious supplied
by the statistics of the immigration
bureau a real menace wliich cannot -toe
thoughtlessly or   heedlessly   ignored.
"Labor Conquers All," as originally
said and used by labor organizations,
means that labor is the panacea for all
ills. It does not mean that organized
labor is going to conquer the world by
the brute force of its numbers an-d
make capital submissive to it at every
Tehre is a real sermon in the motto
and living to it a cure for all forms
of maladies within organizations, especially within local unions. The member of a local who will study and live
up to that motto, and act upon it, will
find himself so busy that he will not
have time to get jealous of his ibrother,
will not have time for petty envy, and
will .become too industrious to grow
careless or indifferent to the aims and
ambitions of his union.
Work for the good of the cause—
for the general good, and if you work
Jbard enough you will not have time
for the bad thoughts and for indifferent acts. Each man must be his
own judgo in this, but deep down -within his heart he knows whether he is
working hard enough to drive out the
evils, or whether his good union principles ami works are only surface
deep.—Galveston Labor Dispatch.
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
A. Macnell
S. Banwell j,
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notaries,   Etc,
Offices:   Ground Floor. Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
F, C. Laws
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B, C.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys Homes on Commislon
George Barton    Phone 78
organization which I have the honor to 1' °!U1  ° us'.
he a member of.    Some da*" I hope!    As a-pcopie we
thnt 1 will have the pleasure of return- th* 1£sueof "uman slaverj' untll-the
procrastinated with
neither" "TUnionlSt    nor    Nationalist
amongst (lie employing class,'and were
but two camps—employers and workers.   We found no Redmondttes, Car-
sonites,   or   O'Brienites   then;    the
emeny were all enjfployers, nnd every
weapon they   could   wield—political,
social and administrative—-they used
unsparingly.    Let    us    not   talk of
wooden guns and tin guns.   What the
working class wanted was the gun of
intelligence.    Let   solidarity   be   the
watchword, and   a   few   years   will
broaden out the llberltes curtailed by
the most unscrupulous and most vindictive capitalist class that any country ever was cursed with.   Police, politicians, press, and, the Judges on the
bench, were simply the tools of the
capitalist class.   Nt> city in the world
had a more useless or vicious capital*
1st class than that of Dublin.   Think
of the treatment-meted out to   the
soldiers of the   industrial   army  by
judges appointed   for; their   political
view*. One ot these Judges gave two
year's hard labor to our comrade, Tom
Daly, for a common assault on n scab;
tbat same Judge In  tbe  same court
gave a degenerate who ruined a child
of seven yearn   old   a   sentence  of
three months' hard labor.   That was
tbe class iwsr they had to submit to.
The foul, putrid press who told of the
Alleged outrageous attack   by   Daly,
published not a word about the foul
crwiture who ruined a beautiful flower
of womanhood In tbls Christian city.
Condemnation nnd calumny bad been
poured out upon the heads of the leaders of the working dnss,   The agitator had been denounced by press and
pulpit, bnt, thank. God, tbe aeltator wus
the salt of the earth.  Tkr employers
claim a victory, but tbe employers did
not beat organised labor In this city.
We admit we had  to retreat  to our
base, but that was owing to the in-ach-
<?vv cf 1-f.V'tor In tiffUtntf 4 un!c.aa  at.J
betrays I In our own ranks.   Two of
the mont influential unions who had
undertaken tn »«•" the -strung!* through
deliberately sold the pass, made  ar-
mnawnonts  behind  the!? comrades'
bad:* vcHb <he employer*, and rtnl»r*d
their number* to take  other  m*?n'#
Jfiba,, Two unions were guilty of th'*
fual trfichm. one of which was np-
present moment is holding the annual
Congress of the British Co-operative
'Movement, attended by women and
men from all parts of the earth. It
would be news to many to know that
we here In Ireland had heen pioneers
lu co-operation long before the 1-fiich-
dale pioueers. There had been a
communistic colony down on Usher's
quay, but it was crushed out hy jealous, and restrictive laws; like every
good thing Ireland ever started. England made It (ts business to put a
stop It. The working class of Ireland
would be compelled to understand the
worth of cooperation. Through Its
agents we could supply all that IJfe
needs by themselves and s for themselves. It needed no further argument to favor It. Life Itself was cooperation in its truest sense. Man
himself was a social animal and lived
by co-operation, We had a great opportunity this week to see in the cooperative exhibition In the Rotunda
what could be done  by  co-operative
inn as an administrator to this corporation. However, eight good comrades
of mine sit here as members, lc! by
our sood friend, Councillor O'Karrol, of
the Bricklayers' Society. Dublin labor
members now have a strong voice in
the administration of local affairs. In
Ulster we-have .our comrade, James
Connolly, fighting against forces that
few reall/e the strength of. We undertake the transport work of Sligo
cities. Throughout this country we
have made a name we never need be
ashamed of. I hope we will see the
dny when we will take full advantage
of our opportunities, cry finish to our
differences, obliterate all jealousies
from our ranlts. Be truly Irish of the
Irish. Give ear to all men who do
worthy work. Let us be comrades In
the truest sense of the word and join
with our comrades tho world over to
advance tho cause of the class to
which we belong. On that day we will
put upon our escutcheon a mark
worthy of the trust Imposed upon us
twenty-one .years ago. We are entering upon a new era to do work worthy
of the cause to which we are attached.
I claim we have an opportunity given
us of achieving much in the future in
our beloved country, to work and live
for and if need be die, to win back, in
the words of Erin's greatest living
poet, for Kathleen Nl Houlihan her
four beautiful green field,—-The Irish
greed of the slavers of an earlier era,
to unload ou our shores tlie material
which may some day bring about anarchy and chaos? The deadly explosive which may some day 'blast the
hopes of a great democracy? Are we
supinely to sit by while avaricious
employers of cheap labor, over-eager
for Inordinate profits, promote the introduction of added millions of unskilled workmen to the undigested
masses of the unskilled, which today
make up the unspeakable slums of our
great cities.
Wc cannot be true to the faith which j
is ours to protect if we do not soon
take vigorous steps to check this
growing menace. Some way must be
found. The moral cowards who fear
to face the issue must be driven out
of public place. The dangerous demagogues who seek to feed their personal popularity by opposition to a sane
method of restriction of immigration
must be relegated to the rear. The
hour is rapidly approaching when it
will he safe to put none but devoted;
and patriotic men on guard, who, no
matter whether they were born undor
the Stars and Stripes, or whether
they came to love that flag of tbelr
adopted country, will fearlessly protect the nation from   this   twentieth
■ ■■ '1-century peril,'as the devoted man of
,, w    . , ,   9,f   .   9, A . , .        ,..^. .the era which ban Just   passed   *pkk
Horaee Traubsl, In Chants Communal t La4>or even put your Bible on yonr pol- j ,*pC(€(<| ,jw integrity of the Union and
nation paid the awful foil exacted in
human life and treasure hi the sixties,
Shall we again procrastinate? Sh:tll
wo recklessly permit our public officials to play the coward for purely political and partisan -reasons, until this
new maiiace has thrown its shadow
over tlio very institutions which made
America was lt is, and which give it
promise for the future? Are we,to idly
fSermit thc greed'of the trans-Atlantic
atbhmshin fnmpanlfts_fnr-_Jeaftiar-like-
Blood of the Martyrs
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
We Are Iveady to Scratch
off you* bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. Them
Is no hocus pocus in
j       This Lumber Business
When you wiiii spruce we Uo nol
j send you hemlock.     When you buy
first-class lumber we dou't slip Is a
lot of culls.   Those who buy once from
us always come again.     Those who
hav-ft   tint   yot   inn-ftn   fiiig_g|gnijain*t|jM^a_
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber, Lath, 8hlngles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot. P.O. Bex 22,
Phone 23,
saved the republic   in   their
Manchester  N. H.) Union.
Albert and Charles Bon I, 96
Avenue, New York, Publishers.      ''*.
We worship the destroyer. We despise or at least Ignore the builder.
When a file ot suldlera comes dowu
the street, marching to the drum and
fife your pulses dilate, your blood
thrills apd you are creattired Into a
mood of exalted feeling, liut If a file
of laborers come along, nine chances
out of ten you will ssy something sar-1 	
csstlc about their   clothes   and* turn! wounds.   Ymi pen*lnnhfi i»i»»ih    Tb*'r-nme   jvrha-H ^ ?"■ Xx- tht: .sa-it
pit.  It even put your  love  in   your
heart.  The very labor tbat Is blasting
a tunnel under your metropolis   The
very labor whole victims are dey  by
day carried up  from  these   undere-    Petty dissensions, little   jealousies
ground caverns to their homes in  tbe *»* tnnlt findings, carelessness and In
Steam Heated Throughout                                             Electric Lighted
'                              J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day                                                  Fire Proof Sample
With Private Bath f&OO                                         Rooms in Connection
shadow of a dreadful popular uncon-
difference, nre the greatest of ail rea-
- -»   i%    *.   a .   .   , i-Wbs why «ome members  of  unions
cern.   Day by day until the cloud  Is cwne t<>',he po|nt where they bolievo
five hundred victims blnck and »li»n*e. they thould drop their energetic work
The soldier kills.    You pension his for the advancement of the common
> -t:
,'roin Umh without interest or expectation.  A file of soldiers bent upon war,     _,... 	
A file of workmen bent upon a strike, pension, thi» Rrpitrr hh renown.
One threatens liberty,     The   other
condones liberty. The soldier with bis
tuft Is boly. llie striker with his axe
l« malign.    Watch   yourself.    Your
heart will Ret away from you.  I know
yow only too well. I know whero your hlra vaguely ln the category of "ten i strong terms are mew forkful. These
heart belongs.    I know  where  vour
heart nor*,   um I also know where
liberty belongs.  Where liberty goes.
You look with  awe  upon  a battle*
more he kills the more ornamental the lest cause Is the petty quarrels thnt will
Incidents of hi* rapine, the more  hts > arise wherever*» body of men argue
Th«: i uut, jmiuts iu iii»4.u»*iun of iwcal lopl<'».
laborer saves. You condemn his!, Some of our membra are big
wounds. You Ignore his death. Ills I enough to understand that In the heat
family are not made pensioners. They * of argument they »w jtrnng language
are made paupers. If the event of hl# \ and that they must let Oi«ir opponents
death Is tnfflHently dramatic yon put; in ttn» debate use strong frms. for
Mrs. S, Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Milts, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light ~
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
men killed" in the display head of the
dully pup-cm.   Then finis,    The   sol-
d!er*a family reports at the tri»»nur).
The laborer'* family reports st the
field, tto ym look with awe npon t poorhonse, That Is as far along at
your tunnel? Here Is m honest bat-lJuslica hn* got. Iim Jwlc* h** tit,t
tie, A batile with the; rocks. Heroin"* far alum* Jn«»ic**> »(!!! 4«*f«r« to
li • battle without an enemy. If ere Is medieval ideals. Doubts . H»*it, tt
a battle'without murder. Her* li s<J'i*H<<* wn* inttlra vn,, ,...•] #4j,f
battle in which no brother takes up (off yonr bat to these m*r»> They p*
then, when the nuc'Siloii h»s be*n de-;
(elded abide by the majority r»R dis-
'ml** th« r.uhjwt from their in'inli ami
fsk<> ut< n«»ni«tblng else that <ln»y   be*.
'IUI*.** -Alii bring good to th<* ■.a-nnlim-
I't-.tt     %.mt\# ot ibe mtttih-.r.- :-r,- not
jatii*. in do this.   Instead   or   turning
!»b*-ir «tt«*ntlon lo other ma"<« and
A.tri^fi...... «ii'U«;!u*l Of O-pliiiOSl  '-,''«'>
'rim*rat'*, r »V- HMIe tilts ar.it  l-   'An:
European Plan Roun Rata
80& and! Upwtrdi
American Has Rates
$2.00 per Day
It A
his a-rma »a*ali»»i a brother, V«-t tbtsitlwulv no into th«» tm-Wil ta ..!.<> ycmtaec«»a«l iim- atn:k a thing occur*, th*«y
battle, too, has-Ita victims, and yon I perilous servlc*. Yow *ml>\ r*entd\\me\n to VH'»<* it Is personal,
look on. and think and say nothing, f them with r*te*r*nr*. Tk*ir mllrd TIioh- *!w *row indifferent .aai
You are nonelwOsnt nod uninformed i h«n<»« and H«hea wonhl bmsmw Irra-'m*if.* *Wit ;li«lf «nS«« nfitur* nm*
What Is the matter? Her* U an hoo-1«latit. You womW pny th#> neemnt, nrnlly bi-rmih- anything liul n lu-lp »
nm, battle,  This* battle la* fought am aUHailly \m U-   Kvery «*-».*. tke miomtmeet ot tbe mum.   Tis*?
fair level of bnman enterprise. v Y<W>  These martyrs are mart yr* In #nlt# - tamw *• *» -»•"* ** »*"••<• »♦   »■ ♦ ■
'♦   *•   ' - •   • ■      ■* :   •.. :.. .;„.,   ....: ... „^„„ ..-   ^^m   w   tnmmuoixea. ,ie for'tkMn to eumd mating* an-d *•»«
ffiiti ' ia •:.....
Bellevue Hotel
9 ,,.    «0,*tr
•nt *t T9*t t9t, 9 '' % ,,
ii .'liiyae*..-.*
Bum*, tut ml** j*
Something New.
Many adrtniam art constantly trying to think
up "Something Now* or "Different* and tht re-
tulta art atartJing to bt aurt, but certainly not
convincing nor conducive to incrtaae In the busl-
iwsaof tbtadvtrtiatr.
Tbt crtft for originality to § mftttalre. People
do not cart (or atunta or mental gymoaatka. They
dowtntto1mow»her»f+«lniTgitrdt0 70urbu3i
«•* and whether you con offer bettor price* or
a^^^kjl^^gii ^^^^^^afuk|.^^ aB^ttgbflik' *^^<^^^^b "^^^^^sti^^^^^tt^^i^^^^
Dtncr tnwny mra yonr coupctttora.,
-^Hul -JAflj^-*^h a|*AAA<A -msk tm _t__kmt^mm^wmn£m&^^^^^mMmi*Mi    ^^^uL^^^^^^^^^e*^^*.
a eu mo Meet in ■ e-tnugnuuiwaiu, onoaontntng
sooner.  Yon will nia the confident oTyoar
aa^**Jk   ^^^^m±    tOlnOnl   mt^amamk   itimWtmlA   t_L_mk_^_m_m£^^^^tom^O   -^w^Mi
^^^O   WWI   ^w0#P  wwwm&   -M-MBw ^^gwiR-i wW^WPi-^p  ^mlwjm
1   -f i tiijiiii ndl -tmi HdsuSmitdyttttiOmM'f''
like mmm U#m teeetim owe »otilntlooo»yttln» paper in toe Pern
\ termed end rtmr fettwt t« wMWitt'H** ' TV*
I «om into round to itraaawny, «e#t at selves. Tbulr tnnrtytdtm it not % -mar-' stmv &,mb*-^ a*'- u MAm jtmfam
.battalion of soldiers ami ynm becomettrydom of flnmtnerr end *vorstlon«. „f th* good work ttt#fr brotken at*
I alive with ■ Wee nf a ■»««*! #i»1».*- JT**-jr w aifnei netllaif tw i'k*k ,4mnt, «n4 brooding over these little
I Hon. What Is the aaaNer? That man j martrrdora Std eren good wsrfi.;i*.*»i^»iM moh mk* mountains imt
j Is n hero who kills somebody. B«t the Net *v*n th* kln8 woNs of the tn»*.'af »»Ii411k. TJmh bruin fer tiodlm
I man wbo rsneeses * • «***>>. W* b*r* > u~ fur *'™~\'*»rj' . '' - :.!-., m— *.m -mmm m -*mm m»*»m* « Utmtt
t mtstsMMt mwter ter menkowt and f form and highest In wbatanee TVlr
■ -   - -     — - ■■--- martyrdom l» a ety. Tot nt* dwtt   A
pletnre. Yon are MM. tt Is a martyrdom that sleeps In a aamt aad
wiads apen the poertiet.   ft ta n
Best AstummwUtion
UtMe-D»t-» — Pv**r
Ieceilent Cuisine.
in tt* l*ats.—
f!rittv**t*mr» -»
4. A. CALLAN, Prop.
given it a first fleet la ear rteyeet.
Wehaveeonftsei labor with tetrode-
lion and redact*! It below the plat* of
lu proper nobility. If yot m late ear
srhoola aad oak* ti* ekUirtt te tell itrydem of wbleh history neyn nothing
yot tte oaaw ef a eooteeqmrety hero!It ta a mertydeai tlmt haa te ee ostle-
tfcey wm lea yet that Vtmtdm tn it >rt*d wttb mnrtywAmi ft, p>U tw ft<m-
hero. No cklld ia ae taagfct that he iow. The formal ptetttta af the w**W
tmm think tf Halle as a hero, no!vt t« tit* formal maffwfeme 1%"
you ajvuiuUti' tUei «h*>Mret grow mp able t wid** n«pp***r» tt atlmie, la %a!!i ef
te rospead be tm 4mm aad me aad ietislstkm.it etttstf araM and eo th*
aoall* te ftaoool te ttm pUk aad{arms ef eemta.* Set th* ta»«m b*
tberntt Wi««tiMstateeMUtftmttros|i«s«ielat«*MivlotOy tbeemrte** »nd
Ueaosv. H BMlMt theta ef a mtltury Osrkest way. Tttt em iter atMlMra.
or JtdWsl ehsraeter. So atate haa Yet shadow ynm isksrsrs.
everihttbbA tetymboUto ttettf to. tm] Aotm ■«■ die thet fee erne ""
trntmemotdtebm.  Tet ubtsr itwtf{gim« on acaCttida.  %m»efe en
w*o .memm  iso*e?oo  wooe    mtttu^^f - ei^QH&m^Por I owwh.i^p opw ^^wow...^^w*^^..^^wpa ^^miw ^m
tbe mat ooi the Itsi ffaewe '«pmifWhr ahottff net the Maaat he
tiHIve brotkeri and end by trttmum
*f of them, ttekmty, la a way, t% aa
acknowledgment of Inferiority, for
ym sorely wenM not be Jealous of
aay one nnder or lower than yet. aad
say ea* eheeW he ashamed to ae*
kttewlede* er show ef tmttmty.
V\p*n tbe motto laibor Omnia Via-}
eat*" wat adapted by organised labor |
'a al' of lu lixnaiet-* *■* U*l * U* dd-1
hmii menolne tbnn mmm tr* woat to
•* ••
mat aot fie leat Heeaa* epmt Wh? ahoeff net the Maaat he ta half
the art aad etrewmetoBoes ef life, as the erase? Wlet le tbten ahetitht
P** ^^ht ao loaut om
tehee teowitd fiooi. Ro
ttao«l »tkh
tf nmyem
mmtmtmmthmam. etatmattWmtm
•wt tte tattfwir w*_amy
rwt stDint. Pant
Napanee Hotel
Steam Heated-Hot ood CoM Water
Local aod Long Diauoce Telephone
in ewtry room--Sample Rooms .'Best
EkaoJ LwtkMKO e»A Cittaia.
memcAtiPiAm tunn,
^^w_m_m mmm Wm__f mmM flB
a   M niiaiinnitt   *■■*
-tb. ts. Win I BO-Uy tnfa.
v/ '*. rf^Kf. •■?£?'■-<?'■
"t -',
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
There are times when every man who has assumed
u position of leadership will be called upon to lake
a. definite stand, and while sueh stand, owing to its
unpopularity, may jeopardize his position, if lie is
sincere and has the interests of those he serves at
heart he will take whatever position he considers iu
the interests of those who employ him. On the
other hand, if he is but an office seekers, he will
naturally adopt the policy that is likely to be most
popular. Labor leaders, political leaders and leaders of every movement liave sooner or later to face
situations tlmt call for decision and outspoken criticism.
Those members of District 18 who take any interest in the welfare of their organization are capable
of deciding most questions for themselves. Generally speaking, they are sufficiently well read, an-d
possess a knowledge of the trend of events, to .en?
able them to decide what is in the interests of organized labor and what is not. Their knowledge of
economics and a consciousness of their position in
society today enables them to analyze and see for
We venture to say there is no man in District 18
who does not sympathize with the Island workers
in their struggle; avIio would not do everything in
his power to hei]) them, and help them at his own
expense. The only question so far as the workers
of this district are concerned is: "What form shall
this help take. Can we help them by means of a
general strike ? Or rather a Provincial strike ? "Will
the projected strike be a protest, sufficiently strong
enough to force the hand of the MelJride Uoveni-
mciit and cause them to bring pressure to bear on
the Island operators? AVill the operators as a result of this pressure consent to make an agreement
with the striking mineworkers? Let us look at
these questions calmly and deliberately, realizing
that the Island mineworkers are engaged in a struggle in which wc mny shortly find ourselves involved.
The struggle of the Vancouver Island''men-is our
struggle, and i1 is our duty to help thein—but
The strike is far from being an ideal weapon, but
it is all that the worker has left on the industrial
field. It is antiquated and practically useless, and
••very day becomes more so, and this applies ^iiot
only to the sectional strike, but to the Provincial
or general strike, although it is difficult to arrive
at a definition of what a "general strike" really 1s.
The fight on the Island started as a small sectional
strike, hut later it was extended to the whole
Inland, and in May of last year the whole of'Vancouver Island was practically at « standstill as far.
as coal production was concerned. Now it in suggested that we extend thc strike to thc whole Province, as a protest against the Government, who will
accordingly force the hands of the operators.
In spite of assertions to tlie contrary, it is generally known that the operators on the Island have
nil the help they require at present, or nil market
conditions will permit them to engage. Such being
the ease, we have to ask ourselves? What reason
have they'to make further agreement? This candid admission may he resented by some, who will
consider it very undiplomatic. True, the operators
would welcome practical iium*-r.t in preference to
those at present engaged (if the Jntter are not
practical men), bul ncvcrtht'lei-m they will only do
so provided it. is in the interest of profit. We know
that notHing the Government cnn do will force their
to sacrifice profit* to n'lgn an agreement.   Such be-
ing the case, one might be excused wero he to ask:
For whom is this agreement to be made, ior the
strikers or those generous souls who have stood by
the operators so valiantly? There is one point tliat
the Workers may rest 'assured upon, viz., that the
worker engaged in assisting the operators to break
the strike will live if an agreement is signed or not;
and to live he must Avork. Can we hope to force the
operators to make an agreement to provide work
or replace those at present engaged by striking
mineworkers? Granted these are candid questions
and ones that we are always trying to avoid, nevertheless, under the circumstances we must give them
fair consideration.
Another point to be considered is what will be
the effect 'bn. the workers of this District if they
strike in sympathy with the Island workers? Shall
we be in the same position as they are or are we sufficiently strong enough to take such an action and
come oui; unscathed? Of course it is not claimed
that this district is in competition with the Island.
If this threatened strike is to be an effective
protest it must be of sufficient magnitude to influence the Government of thi£ Province.. It is stated
that thc B. C. Federation has an affiliated membership of 13,000 of organized labor, but if the whole
number could be persuaded to vote in favor of ces
sation of work, it is still very questionable whether
such action would influence McBride and his Government. A protest to be effective must contain
some threat that is likely to jeopardize the position
of the parties against whom it is directed, if it does
l.oi, it is not calculated to accomplish much.
There are several bodies of organized labor who
are not affiliated with the B, C. Federation of
Labor, the most important being the railway workers. A Provincial stv.'ke, so far a-s they are concerned tould not be verv effective, and they are
muchly in the same* position as District, 18; part of
t'heir forces would be on strike in one Province,
while workers in other Provinces would be carrying
in strikebreakers. It is not a bit of good relying
on, sentiment in this question, for if we .cannot be
fair to ourselves and look the proposition squarely
in the face it is impossible to expect the"'master
class to assist its. Pai*t of District 18^ could
not strike—the whole would have to-be'.engaged.
Now there is about one-third of the membership in
B. C. and the other two-thirds in Alberta, so il.
would be tantamount to asking the B. O. portion
(or one-third) to decide for the majority.
The fact that there are conservative, moss-grown
unions who would vote against anything ih the
shape of a general strike need cause no surprise io
tlie intelligent worker. Their position is similar to
a contract miner engaged in a pillar that is netting
him a substantial return for his labor, he does not
LIONS     .     A-
want to talk strike unHlTie is put into a place that
calls for make up.
The situation was summed up very accurately by
one speaker last Monday: Are we to break our
agreement so that our brothers at thc coast may
be bound for two or three years?
The U. M. W. of A. may be a long way from perfect, but no one will deny that a strike backed
by the International Union must inspire more
dread than an organization, excellent though it may
be, that has no authority to call a strike or even
funds to finance same.
"Solidarity" is a word thnt is often mentioned in
these columns, but wc cannot imagine solidarity
without discipline. Thc International hns poured
its monoy into Vancouver Island, it has paid n higher per capita than was ever paid before. If we are
prepared to be governed by thc policy of the B. C.
Federation of Labor in preference to the pt.l'ey of
the U. M. W. of A., it is only natural that we must
be prepared to face the music and not complain if
we meet with disaster.
Let thc workers of thin District calmly and dispassionately consider thc whole question. Thc
atmosphere of a public meeting is not always con-
ducive to deliberate reasoning, and it is up to each
nnd every one to take due heed of the future and not
bc influenced by smpnthy or nn attempt nt spellbinding.
The mines were idle oa Thursday
afternoon and Friday morning shifts,
Also all day on .Tuesday.
We were reminded of the old days
of prosperity, when we saw the mines'
commencing work on Sunday, midnight.
.The Coal Creek Junior F. €. enter-*-
tained IMichel Juniors up here on Saturday last. A good exhibition ot
football was given, neither side scoring, the result being a drawn game.
-Sells^Floto circus proved a big attraction to. Creekites, as evidenced
by the large number who journeyed to
Fernie on circus day.
Was it absentmindedness that
caused one of our young men to place
his thumb in the baby's mouth while
holding the feeding bottle in the
Oh, Jack! you will have to take a
few more lessons in nursing, yet.
Owing to drastic measures being
taken 'by the board of management of
the club, several of the boys are debarred from the privlliges of the club
for some time.
The stork visited Morrissey cottages on Saturday last, leaving a fine
specimen of female humanity to
gladden the hearts of Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas Morrison. 'Mother and baby
doing nicely; father and grandfather full of smiles. <
'Now that the -blueberries are ripe,
several parties are seen picking nightly. Some fine specimens, are being
-brought back.
'Several people In the camp were
so fortunate as to possess winning
tickets ln the draw for the Excelsior
IMr. and Mrs. J. B. Rudd of -Bellevue were visitors to camp during the
week-end. Thoughts of the last year's
blueberry excursion arose.
-Mrs. Harry Billsborough had a very
unpleasant experience. Sunday even,
ing. From information received we
learn that while she was engaged in
the act of drawing water from the
creek, tlie rope attached to the pail
'broke and precipitated her off the
scaffolding into the creek. Fortunately, the creek was not running strong
at the time, or serious consequences
might have arisen. The unfortunate
lady Is. however, confined to bed, suffering from injuries to back and head.
We hope to see her well soon.
IMrs. George Crabbe and Miss Orr
were renewing acquaintance.; in camp
ou 'Monday.
Wj wondered what our printer's
devil wanted in camp on Sunday night.
Oh, you girls.
Charlie Buhrer rer..».ni.;<l tn ramp
from a fishing trip with several fline
specimens of the finny tribe, some of
them weighing two and one-half
pounds. Charley says Dave is not the
only fisherman in the camp.
Anyone requiring post card views of
the recent catastrophe al Hlllcrest pan
be supplied by leaving ordors at house
189 Coyote street. As the proceeds are
Amount already promised or receiv.ed,
Michel Band 	
T. ('rahan	
Hosmer Literary and Social Club	
.     100.00
llwallan-rd frew I'ege 0»»l
H'liHil they merely hail their finuiicUl
ponftlon in mind Vow, the partial
utrltp wen! nn for <w»mi< tlm* end
flnellj them* taking the meet ertivi*
part on th« leland fol! that they would
hev* a much better chance ot winning
lien cont over one and one-quarter mil-
Don dollar*. While thin strike wn* go-
log on, we must remember thet. pert
of the Colorado misn had been on
utrlke for neely four yeiir*. and th*»y.
In State convention felt the onb
thing lelt for them waa a -State-wide
e'.rlkr. Tht» we* t&llti In Si>pf•*-«'»*»
llnut    1 have not the tlnnr** to »la»*».
if .ill th* i-'iiiiil Kim* out •New-iK.-.j ..„.,, %*-., ift#.
lire. I»tac*'» «at*nienl la not Mtactly *"i "^ i «*L-X'
correct ■*•"* ' *'"■"" **" **" "'", >•*••'•'••«• *"ni imo '-oiorsno.
In enu ona   Itoin  o^jwl   * f come out or your jean*, and possibly'of I.,
membership being In Alberta, has
heen mentioned. I think if we railed
the ft, C. miner* out, the Alberta
operatori would give m a doae of our
own medicine end elam their mlnea.
"Whilst lota of thing* might he Mid,
(   must   draw   my   remark*   to   •
close.   In com S«.-.!«.,   let   me   draw
you attention to a question f waa a»k>
over   %i,bm,<m j ««i m Kipp.   a   brother   wanted   io
Vow, there In a jknow If tbe vote carried.In flavor ot a
general  strike,  would   we  be hound
the polity uf (Ut! 11. C. Ft'tlHutluu
Wr "the "disaster relief fiincT we expect a great demand. Sets of five cards
Allen Smith, employed in the power
house up here is aiyny at Victoria,
combining business with pleasure. We
learn thnt he Is qualifying for certain degrees in the order to -which he
belongs, and if rumor be correct that
he is about to Join the order of
"riiartyrs," then we surmise that
among the various degrees will b*-1
P. A.
Apropos of tie notice re miners
examinations to be held on A.i«jii«:t
3rd,'we are aslwd to state that unles*
applications are made to the secretary
(Chas OiBrlen) two days before examination, candidates' applications
will not he entertained. See Miner*'
Act. :
Hector McDonald of Hoemer in
vUItlng In camp, the frtieat of Mr. and
Mrd. John Evans. Hector Is bUBy
emulating Joe Belmont, thB chauffeur.
Note—Have yeur laundry, work done
at Fernie prices. All work clean and
will finished. Look out for laundry
rig ovkry Wednesday afternoon. Fer.
nls Steam Laundry. 225
iMuch.has been said about the lands
donated' to the railroads of -America.
Henry -M. Hyde, writing.in the Technical World Magazine, summarizes
them as follows:''
'•Congress has given away the public domain to railroad, and other corporations to the extent of. 266,00*0,000
acres, a 'bit of territory not far in
extent from the total area of France
and Germany, two countries* which
support between them a population
much greater than the whole population of the United States when the last
census was taken."
iMuch less is known of the tribute
these same railroads have levied off
the people of the United States in
the way of profits. Philos Cook, of
California, a student and ardent Socialist, . has carefully gone over the
records for thirty-two years, and has
computed this tribute for the benefit
of the Appeal readers. Here is what
In the thirty-two years, 1880 to 1911,
both inclusive, the railroad systems of
this country took from the people,
generally for freights, fares, etc., "as
gross operating income, $46499,779,-
692.   OForty-six billion dollars.)
Paid back as "operating expenses,"
$31,259,392,120. (Which went bade into or remained in the hands of the
people generally.)
Leaving "net earning" to the railroad "managers" of, $14,941,387,572.'
(•Fifteen billion dollars.)
Of these "net earnings" there went
into the hands of the "managers," permanently, becoming their private property, and so lost to the people generally, as free money for the transaction of business, $12,367,991,084.
-' 'It is hard for anyone to comprehend
the meaning of fifteen billion dollars,
the amount of net earning of the railroads of the United States for thirty-
two years. It may help you to do this
by reflecting that France was paid
fifteen million dollars for'the Territory
of Ixmisiana, which includes all the
territory of the United States west of
the IMlssi8Bippl river, wlth'the exception of what Uncle Sam took by force
from 'Mexico. Fifteen billion dollars is
just a thousand times as great as fifteen million, or what was paid for
that territory that now includes ten
States. You may compare It also with
the purchase of Alaska, which cost
seven million dollars. Fifteen billion
is more than two thousand times as
much as Alaska cost, with all Its gold.
The total wealth of the United
States at the present time, including
all the land, is estimated, at $140,000,-
000,000. The net "earnings" of the
railroads in thirty-two years, after
deducting all possible expenses, aggregates one-tenth this entire sum.
This is exclusive of the value of the
land grants and money grants made
when the railroads were built. It is
no wonder that one of the greatest
politicians of the United States once
saiid: "The people? Why, the corporations are the people." He. might
almost equally ns well have said: "The
railroads are the "people."
of the railroads ls to continue, it will
mean that fifteen billion dollars more
will be taken as profit and interest
by the railroad owners from the wealth
producers of America in tlie next
twenty years, rather than in the next
thirty-two. But tho railroads are demanding that they be permitted to
raise their rates. With all their Income, they have let the roadB bo run
down that they are not safe and it is
freely predicted that in order to meet
the requirements of transportation
several billion dollars will have to be
borrowed and spent on the roads. If
this ls done, it will mean that much
more ln the form of stock and bonds
on which the people will nave to pay
interest and dividends. If, on the
other hand, the people had possession
of the roads, they could make the
needed improvements from the receipts of traffic and at the same time
save themselves In cash outlay something like ten billion dollars in twenty
years. Considering what they have
already paid to the masters of transportation, they would he Justified, In
both law and equity, in seising on the
railroads In tbe name of the whole
people, without a penny of remuneration !~iAppeal to Reason.
roads, 'and in addition, as has been
suggested by- a postmaster general,
give \9 the big financiers a certain control or influence over the news that is
transmitted over them. They should
ibe owned iby the whole people. :
* Then, there are the ,express com-,
panies. They are largely owned by
inen who control the leading railroads.
The Government has already, in response to many complaints against
their exactions, started the parcel post,
which is cutting into their business.
It should he made a Government monopoly; and in order to prevent exactions for carrying both mail and
•parcels, the' roadfe themselves should
be handled by the ' Federal Government.
The Pullman .Sleeping Car. Company
was organized by the big stockholders
of the railroads. These men influenced themselves to actually pay to
haul the sleeping cars, and the Pullman company has the crust to expect
the public to pay its porters for their
services. It means velvet for the big
fellows and a betrayal of trust toward
the email stockholders.   But what do
they care for that?
Then, nearly every railroad lets contracts at enormous rates for construction to stockholders in the road who
have organized construction companies on the side for the express purpose of bleeding the small stockholders.
There are other subsidiary companies connected with tbe railroad
business. For/example, it has been
shown tbat for many years the Standard Oil Company, whioh had holdings
In the roads, received rebates tor all
goods they shipped, and not only so,
but also forall goods their competitors
shipped as well.
The only way this kind of business
can be broken up is for the Government to assume full control of transportation for the benefit of the whole
people.—Appeal to Reason.
t ^
the Season
Monday, August 3rd
A real day's outing, with lots
of fun for the kiddles and grown
Alteration of Train.
Train,leaves C.P. R. Depot
at 10.34 a.m. Returns
Elko 5.25 p.m.
80 cents Return
Children half rate
f-iito** ttfirti iflMnVf  thnt tht* lt\*t*r*
ahor, or would we ndhirp to tin
,. «<»».,. ..nui nn 5 "o™« of you mny be (.wim* the "die aa- j lews and policy of our own artmxlu-1
a mroon <tPP**A?  > ama-mnnt mt* murt* >** »M« ttm* Mln»" I
Ho a* lo be i-tenr, let me any Cur-j    Hundine from th* r««l»>riittanU« lhi»(
netlnnel Board wmMl-miwi H.
;.'.*-.'.    ,., u.i.f.    ...    VinM.\.,ii.i    *M*,v,,nKMiK,,..    (.ctuwe-ti     wm.ru    i»-v*i*rt't**iy
"Th* in.w««t!«nBi liflurt mmto .•.u!Iik'*\!,p ut\^ l*™'^ «***' .,h(,/tV>!l* mom definHdi ttnled that ihe,
Th« mternntipnai noara **re ^ | international has bet*n forced to bOMit c P*d*mtitm ot Ubor h»rl nuithw!
-   • mi} eetotixm, nno -• - -■■ .....
l"f ■""" **,*  f Jfi    .k.   «rtw'row m'^m irom Wmiel whifh h8,,'he Power to call a general itrlke ■or|"olV|twd in
If thp weed to same,   the   «rtke|ro0My t0 logn, ,      ' , ,h ,    \-Mott ml In
mmld ht-   von in a few week*.    Tti^      -j WjU„ >ou ,„   tJiorouu-laly    uiidw Andim *e>*. m that »ns ..-Urn. *I^M,'*m',^',
The nallant men of the Kanawha
district of West Vlrflnia have well
earned their splendid victory won In
the agreement reached between their
representatives nnd representatives
of the operators of that field.
Welt meaning but mistaken miners
may find fault with some of tbe provisions of this contract. For ourselves,
we ean only ssy that this victory will
be more far-reaching than any that
has been won In any of the districts,
organised or unorganised. In the pr»«-
ent contract period.
In our opinion the agreement reached In Charleston marks the dawn of
a better day, not only In the Kanawha
district, but throughout the State of
West Virginia. For their fellow-workers in othor parts of the flute will
resllin that by their own endeavors
and loyalty only can be brought about
the benefits thst come with organisation,
Once more we wish to congratulate
thn miners, their district officials, and
ahlf representatives of the Interna-
tiniuil orsstrifnilon who brought about
tlil» ravorable aurcfinf-wt.
And to the operators of the district
<k. iirfdU't wl!! ronx* lh* ptntt Had
ijriwi»i»rlty thst cont*»« when eenslble.
reasonable men iT»pcct each others*
rlsht* end elt down to reason together.
And this can only come through the
pusttlbnity of whip representatives of
Mich side, responsible io all whom
the; r»pr«s*M, being tn n position to
spwik for all.—P. M, W. of A. lonrnal.
tnkwi word for word from the B. C.-1
Fwlerstlonlst, the official organ of tbe]
ll. C. FukrAtlon ul I.».3»of. and wen '
nny nny by the Ledger
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the itwrkingman's trade
O. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
|f o....». . n i-J "^-SS^JfwSC-L
and peaceful security aa well.
With a policy In our oM tine
company, you can so off on your
vacation or visit the ends of tho
earth and- you know you're secure.   The best in
is always cheapest, and eeipeci-
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about that exitra insurance you want but come right
in. a/t once and have it attended
•The professional railroaders—who
for the most part are not railroaders
at all—have many side lines. Some
or these are necessities 'and others
were created out of the need the railroads had for service, for the purpose
of milking the small stockholders for
the benefit of tbe big ones.
.Most important among these is the
telegraph. Most of the telegraph
lines of tbe country parallel railroads.
Most of them, though controlled by
separate corporations, are largely own*
ed by the big railroad manipulators.
They thus being In revenues for the
chief stockholders  who control   the
, »vAHW    tM.
u*..«•* »w a,*.-■ ,orwstmi«lK»ti inn-re wilt ne ml a voliin.
m       it M        Hi >iit,      *     ak*  '    I ■mwamttmam      awm******      *»       r-w^     »■••*#*      HntMH     *w     wmwn-f    * IfgTPSIt I WIM lOTf
tmiimnwnmit, hut   fei»llng   that the U»e|j.} teettnts. ittrmme ihey happened !Wry nature.
i*d   befor»   thwn „ y »cm, „:, „tl)„r Mt. ot <h„ ,m.     '* ""   "J
asked und answered,  District  Presl.
wm ft,rt*», tbey allow** thi. etrlkeLgJltt|r). „nP> ,hnt |hl( mM „ brimnulm of the FWeratton. and showed [mm_* ^'h \ '•J *% *£M£2
mV. to b* !«*e*d, (ent off-far trom iv, and I can emnbt&S, ,„'   hi*   opinion.   1,, fell   the •« ^\Xm"£™m*^t£2*
Sow, why ere they forced into  thHr with anm* authority, !na*mtt*h as I at- „,«,,, would he wls«t to o!m» tlw taws < !5*»J5?L w i.WuV.iita^-.t i*tZn «r
present »»a»UU>tt?   I will try to »ho»'jt«nd the International Hoard meetings. «f ,hHr own organisation tn prefer--j.,"*"!?**L|L   12JI^   5? aJS.ii.M
vow. nil tut n few figure* »hl*h will. I ran scan re >mi It tilrased me when : ,,n<^. rn anytM1nn *!** »» th!« Hm*        tip    r'■[** ■", ,nenr*    ol mKm"x'
h.»,i>.,.i  * «.mt i *<n%\ri*m ».    I vs*  «...■ n-«tij  rwpons* to ihe n- :    Vfc« l»re»ident of thn H. r. F.«h-re-i,«l»^ Jj,,- ^hM^'L,^«#ii*«il
W» have In  the  organisation  some-:ym_ tor **m Mslntanee   ftom , the:fkm of i^|»or J. W. Oray follow,-,! ir\%J%™ ff?,, ^,*^}%*Xo*^W*
lliiiu  '..Is.   ivy."*",   un moi r . m.!-)   'iM.L-,;,!........,   Mu, U «u I lux*'. I*. X.-.   tt,.«. «„,-j  „.n1,n.U-U  Um ii.^m-*  turn • h     Kn„.A f.tl. a ,,'■ u*a,... ,!,»-*, i. j-k-
NlMNtn. for vmuni rtmoi,\ are   um i« ».»>■ th.-..- turn**, I nm going i«> *..o  tmhlm couid be done ro Um* ** ihe. ""l.AA™ 0T'' "*:,„ ' * '   ,S««il*«e
Keveml   r«)ri«.   are i that we don't n«d to   f on wn   on^.UMr   mnvemeiit'  wm   Imi^-t   A, v!}^!^ tJr»w mf «f «%/e!S5h!!
Harry Elmer, secreta/y of   Mlettl
pirlitiK dfi**
ilk-t ;&**• Tii'jf-r t'.tid   Sn mr IWntrto., **h.en *Wi*.' i>*e nmmt_toywd.  \ am <>t .ttutb n ewnotttotiroetMttenUan ««tht*,
nxnely 'mMfr iiti),iatUlom.litttn* thty  th* ot»ini>'tu  thul  th«« enn»U»>er*   *:i:  Tjp«gr»phtr»l    l!»lon       M
mtwot f.txy '!«*•» wh«»n no* werkfng.'eot reed in ine   litem   again*!   im   took escfption to'the repor!
Vi"t,l, -nt t-:, .AyyiH •nWi*A,f\ht,tifmff -Kn-li ,t ■»*• %tr3ke we tnn be U-alt n' tliaitin ttete*t'til Ih*  Wt-ci
t*t-xx*   pt*\--et >bt*m   hv tkt* w»v.   tbt*'at onr tta-t, fitter*    Tb* mnrkrtv   trt*:bi'1 tvMi\'*d ft atrttr*
fnrtb«>, ....... ...
11,   ttt<>' t* cal, •!» addressed the meeting awl
'.iutA-iii.'.t^wt^twt lhat now wn* the etr#f«-
wbn, f,*9 tri-rMft iehle lime—now or otter.   Th« njttek*
hlghwt omtru:* tt'-r rjipita that bnt■ no sla"'-*.-.l that    they turn vt.-r>  veil' tit« r«tfer«Rdttt» tote'ta*«.   Ik w.^*!*"-''honfhT Th-^re w«* no*rmr'triT mtm
ever k*m p:M in nny lM»trlet in th^infferd 'o do wli Item onr labor power'enf In fevor of n gtrfk*. but he *»* Sn
I'. 41. W. ot A , «fiil ee vt-t-rt* m inline tar <iu''e ,t iinw. favor  at    n *v-wfewridnm    vole  bftnu
tn ttbMk s*r week tor » eonfidemhle     "Aga'n. ih* pe^lior positton-nf tt»est.ike».. ;bJ«i tslted and ens^«rwl. ihe w.t-f.|
■ i-mii for the wi»rlt«r.
Alter   sevorsl more   *f|uest-)oni) hAd
per*«4.   Th* itrlke np io tke pteseiit FMstrlw, owing to two4hln!x ot   ear!   <Tb<» report of the eouventiow wat'tan H-*lntm*d,
r«rnl«'« Exclusiv* Ptetur* Ttec»tr«
SPECIAL!  BwAturAmy Ma,titt«c And Mtrmninm
Another Brent detective play in the aeHen Hint U hnitig written, directed and acted hy Kinjr
King the Detective, In tlie Marine Mystery
Two reelhnp. draiim.   Whrn k tho Ktrwiifc*- vUtinn ot «|»hn»i«, drnweti like a wiilor, but with
i-iitt l*n*\ili**    tftt-'tt   -thn ' >t fit it ntl t*f   to i»«i11rt"l i-n  >i*i»<l tttt\*it «*mi f»iiftf-*-.|*no> ft-iA-m till* tttt, at'      X   nlinini,
4* , 4* 4) -  ' *  '       *!?■
v\\'f\tvv \\.\\l Vf'y llie ".jii'i'^ilnr "nn tin- (j iii v\\t* ihrimghttwl tin cnllvc two rccV
BXTRA 8PECIAL! W«d. a Thur*. AMtf 5 - 6
Ihi Funeral Modern Fairy Tali
Five iinrta,   Adapteil from the French hy Attntin' Htmnir. with I^ivid Itelaneoe'a orlffimil
Km York cast, iiidiiding MARY P«:KPO!U>.
The Ureat "Oold *eoi ' icruO. with f rajicu Ford and OrtctCtantrd
Lucile Love, Th© Girl of Mystery
'the *Mry of which has gpfieami in ttf ttt the leading papers in Canada and the United
Htut-e*.   Fiftimt itwtillni«it» «f term w*le *«eh, or one installment a week on « certain day
f<.»r Vt "v, ?;,,   Tfu; iin.,af'"l'f ^'rfiif '-r-.T.ptrMfsfocr!.
lomatMnf Dohlf AH tttt Time tx The I8IH
*MM ffiiiiilft-llpTW^iWitliliii
rjwwn>jniunn)S(ij ^a^fiW^pwaiBwn
News  of Thc  District Camps
'International -Board Member , Dave
Rees an-d District President' W. L.
Phillips were in. Coalhurst on Satur-
. day on their way to Chinook, to take
up grievances and see how things
were, looking. We believe the grievances .were plentiful and the Chinook
Local held a meeting on Sunday to
meet tha official, and as a result we
are pleased to say that things were
somewhat straightened out.
.The Coalhurst Local Union held a
mass meeting on Sunday evening to
bear what our District President had
to say, also ito again get a little news
from our old firiend Dave, of am International nature. The Local Union
Hall was well filled and every member W39 pretty well satisfied with the
lecture they received from both of
our visitors, and hope w« will soon
again -be honored with their presence,
The Local secretary was busy early
in the week getting employee to sign
their names or numbers on a check-
oft to say how much, if any, they are
prepared to give to tbe widows and
orphans of the Hillcrest disaster. He
reports being successful in nearly
every\>ne he (tackled, and a report
wil) he given in the Ledger next week
of the amount' collected, also names
and amounts given <by person not
working for the company will be published, as an acknowledgement ot
their contributions. It is 'Wonderful
to hear some of the statements of a
" few of the disgruntled when they are
asked to contribute a small amount to
such a cause, but we are pleased to
say we have only a very small number of such in Coalhurst. The few
who are here, however, would do well
to start and think the   matter  over,
. then they might see things In a different light, and instead of grumbling
over two-bits, they will say "one dollar" and look happy. Let it be understood we-are not saying the man who
subscribed two-bits is disgruntled, if
it was given freely, but the man who
growls and looks like he wished he
could crawl atfay to some place from
you and not be seen—these are-the
ones we intend to hit by these remarks.
The mine rescue teams of Coalhurst
held a meeting last week, which was
well attended, practically all being
present, and it was decided at that
meeting to draw up a petition and submit it to the other camps throughout
the Province, where there are mine
rescue teams, for their approval. Any
amendment which they see fit to
make -to said petition is to be handed
into tbe Government's hands, or some
■W© are glad to see Eric Hagg enjoying his freedom, even if It oe on
crutches. Hope you will soon discard 'em, Eric.  ■
At a well attended ratepayers' meeting it was decided that we seek incorporation as a village, because of the
fact that the school act had been amended during a recent legislative session, and Its effect was now to throw
us back to a rural school district,
which gives us power only to assess
the land values. The secretary treasurer very pointedly told us of our
position, and how it affects our children's education, as it would take over
$7,000 per annum to efficiently run our
school. 'But it must be remembered
.that nearly $1,600 of that will be taken
up by tbe redeeming of the debenture
coupons, and the interest thereon.
Now, tbe most we could collect by the
assessment of land values would be
$1,700, which shows our position very
clearly. A committee of three -was
appointed to get the necessary number
of signatures to make incorporation
possible. The committee consisted
of Messrs. Ollphant, Barwick and
Christie. The meeting was held in
the Lyric Theatre, and we were entertained to a picture show of two
reels of films. At the conclusion a
collection was taken up to defray expenses.
Local Union Notes
The Local Union met as usual with
all the officers present, while among
those present a few new faces were
seen. Tb only business of Importance was the selecting of an exam-
ination committee, and a notice of
motion to change the time of our meetings, which will be held less regularly
owing to the many attractions of this
The Rev. Cook and his wife received
the 'Methodist welcome that was in
store for them on Thursday evening
by the people of this place, when a
very pleasant evening was spent, congratulations, speeches and games being freely Indulged In.
Many football enthusiasts went over
to Hillcrest on Saturday last to take
in the game between Hlllcrest and
On the call of time each side had
two goals to their credit, and consequently they divided the points. Hillcrest are to be congratulated on the
splendid showing they made with a
reorganized team against such a combination as Corbin, while Corbin were
rather unfortunate In not securing
both points as they were the better
A very sad accident occurred in th«s
lower section of this mine to an Austrian brother by tho name of Flessattj
 Wrn-offlci!n.TSimiT"aiemTr^ir^^n»'e. . on   Friday "afternoon   last"
measure on the same lines as we are
given to understand exists iu the old
country, whereby rescue men are
given remuneration for work done in
•explosions and mine fires; also asking
them to pay an insurance ou all men
holding a mine rescue, certificate, so
■that in the event' of any of them being
IMr. and Mrs. Hamilton of Beaver
•Mines have moved into town. Mr.
Hamilton has accepted a position in
connection with the mine.
Tom Sanderson has started work in
Hillcrest mine.
Mrs. J. Grimshaw and daughter of
Hillcrest were visiting IMrs, 'Monte-
betti on Tuesday evening.
Married—At the home of the bride,
on Tuesday,- July 21st, Mr. Poch, of
North Fork, to (Mrs. Haas, of Prank.
Rev. J. N. Hunter performed the
ceremony. The happy couple pulled
cut for the homestead immediate.y,
■Mrs. R. E. Donkin is spending a
few weeks visiting hev sister at Foremost, Alberta.
iMrs. A. Shering was called suddenly to Winnipeg last week, on account
of her brother's illness.
Mr. H. D, .McKay made a business
trip to Blairmore on Monday, where
he purchased a license and left that
afternoon for the South Fork, accompanied <by IMr. Blais, on a fishing
iMrs. D. Dunlop is spending the
week In Lethbridge, visiting her
daughter, iMrs. Syms.
Rev. D. RIddell, principal of Alberta College, Edmonton, was in
town on Wednesday, getting students
entered in a college course.
Rev. G. H. Cobbledick of Wesley
church, Lethbridge, spent iTuesday
and Wednesday in the Pass.
■The Union Hotel and the wholesale
liquor store on the new townsite have
opened up for business.
A children's choir has been organized in the Methodist church, to lead
the singing at the children's services
on Sunday, afternoon.
(Mr. Mark Drumm arrived home
from Calgary last week end, to spend
a few days with his family at Blossom-
wood ranch.
Much disappointment was felt here
last Saturday, when the Coal Creek
football team failed to show up for
the game -scheduled to take place
her*. However,; the boys went to
Hillcrest to see the game there
against Corbin, which must have been
an Interesting game as the score was
2-2.   v '■'■'/. ■   ■■*..■„  V".
Charlie IMottyl's automohay has just
returned from a winter's hibernating
and is looking well. Now the Bohemian girls can have all the joy rides
they wish, and not too fast.
A telephone pole, however, is rather a
tough pardner for a tango stunt However, they report having a whale of a
time in spite of their forced march.
Once again the old bird was seen
hovering around Coleman in the vicinity of the home of Mr and IMrs. James
Antrobus, and on July 24th he left a
braw wee laddie. Mother and son
doing fine.
IMrs. R. T. Whltelaw, from Lethbridge, was visiting her sister, Mrs. M.
Brennen, on July 22nd.
-Mr. James Moore, from Diamond
City, was visiting his brother, .Mr. J.
Moore, president of Local 2633, in
On Sunday, July 26th, the Ukranian
Socialist Democratic Party held a
meeting in the Coleman Opera House.
The speaker was N. Thachuk. A
fairly good audience listened to tl\e
speaker, which comprised foreign
speaking subjects.
Miss Greir was visiting Dr and Mrs.
Connolly last week end from Calgary.
A Liberal meeting was held in the
Rex Theatre on Monday night, and a
large number of gentlemen were present. Officers and executive were elected in view of a general election in
the near future. Local officers are:
President, T*£ L.' Ouimette*; Vice-presidents, A. IM. 'Morrison, Jno. A, Price,
George A. Clair, William Lees; secretary, Chas. Ouimette; treasurer, H. C.
On Monday about 10 a.m. a rather
sever accident befell P, Angelo, a
blacksmith in the International Coal
the following epitaph; "Poor Credit
is dead; iBay Pay killed him." On
entering the "booser," I was informed
by a seedy looking customer, who
was blowing the froth off a pint of
Guiness stout, which costs 4 cents and
as a 'beverage is out . on its own,
that "The previous owner of the 'pub'
gave credit and got broke,-but tbat
the presept owner put up that signboard and insisted on cash," and then
in a confidential whisper said, ''Faith
'e's quite right, for credit is a curse
to the man that gets it, as well as the
man that gives it."
The 'Michel band have changed their
practice day from Sunday, to meet every Wednesday at 7:30 p. m.
The Knighffe of Pythias have changed their meetings to tbe first and last
Wednesdays each month, during the
summer months, to meet at 8 p. m.
until further notice.
.Born—iTo IMr. and Mrs. Frank Car:
penter, a daughter. Mother and
baby are doing well.
■Michel is doing fairly well in the
matrimonial line lately. Two weddings .took place on Tuesday, when
Air, William 'McKeowen was wedded
to Gertrude, third daughter of Mr.
George Beddlngton. and Mr. Robert
iMcKeown to Lizzie, the second daughter of iMr. Harry Evans. Both wed-
Company's employ. *"•A,"iwge"pleceofJd'ngf to?kv piace   *l   Fernie.     The
tested., and the interval arrived without any score being registered by
either side. Fifteen minutes from restart, Rock, who was playing center
forward for tht! Green and Whites,
shot the sphere into the corner of the
net far out of the., reach of'Walker,
the Corbin custodian. This reverse
seemed to inspire the visitors, who
immediately carried the play into
their opponents' territory, where
O'Donnell found the net with a daisy
cutter, that had the home custodian
beaten all the way. Ten minutes
later .Tomlinson accepted a pass bn
the run from the right wing, stepped
between the backs and placed the
Blue and Whites in the lead by netting the leather with a shot that gave
the Hillcrest goalie no earthly show.
During the last fifteen minutes the
Corbin team fell away, placing like a
.team that was suffering from overtraining, while their opponents played
like men possessed, intent on decreasing the visitors* lead. They
were rewarded for their efforts when
Strang misjudged the ball, when he
attempted to. clear a corner kick, the
leather striking the outside of his
boot and rolled into the net. No
further scoring was done by either
side and a good game ended in a draw,
2-2. Mr. Tennant officiated as referee.
(Mrs. Parsons of Michel, mother of
Mrs. R. Garbett of this city, arrived
In town Monday morning, where she
Intends spending a few days with her
when a fall of coal broke both his legs,
One was a simple fracture ami the
other a compound fracture.
Mr. J. Burke has returned from his
holiday, looking very fit. What happened to the suit case, Jim?
■Mr. Albert Hallworth, assistant pit
Kbss, has been under the weather for
iron, weighing about two hundredweight fell on his foot, breaking several bones in It. He was taken to Dr.
Ross' private hospital, where he is
progressing favorabyr.
Grant Downing is spending a well-
earned holiday in Nelson, B. C.
The handsome bed put up as a prize
for competition, in which every purchaser of one dollarsworth of dry
goods received a ticket, which entitled
him to take part in it at the Co-operative Store, Coleman, was won by Mr.
Andrew McLeod.
IMrs. Thomas Ball left last week, to
spend a few weeks on her father's
ranch at North Fork, Alta.
injured of   killed,   their   dependants]a tew days,
would be provided for.
By Vexatua
Mrs. Wm. Goodwin has bought
house for sale by '.Mrs. Drlvinsky.
An old country lodging house has
heen opened in the Southern Hotel.
Mr. Wm. Davies, of Coleman, very
ably performed his duties as under*
taker for Local 491. which Is highly
appreciated by the officers and membership.
We have sold <120 reversible badges,
which can be used for mineworkers'
funerals and gala days.
Mr. J. Shone and Mr, D. Roberts
were neen beating it with rod nnd line,
91.00. boy*.
'Mr. J. Jackson haR moved into his
new house at iMaple Leaf, this week
At a regular meeting of the iMeth-
odist quarterly official board, it was
decided to hold a garden party,
(weather permitting) on Monday, Au.
gust 3rd, on the old football field, to
commence at 4 p. m. The object In
view is to raise the means to renovate the interior and exterior of the
church. Now, anyone who is at all
familiar with the church will know
that It needs renovating very badly.
We trust the people of Bellevue will
rally to support them in their worthy
One of tho worst feared Russian revolutionists, iMarle 8ukIoff, 28 years of
age, ta now In America. She has been
sentenced to Siberia for life twice,
and twice escaped.
During STOCKTAKING we always discover various ends
of linen, lonelies, odd sizes, and lines which we think if Rood
business to dear, ovpjj if the price must be cut in two,
Thi* stocktaking has lieen no exception, and wc have many
specials to offer on Snturday. Those who come early get the
beat choice,
Special Ladles Waists
We have been successful ia securing a shipment of manufat-
turwn' over-make* in Indies' Mouse Waists—the very latest
creations in it variety of stylo*, These goods arc worth in tho
regular way #2-00 to #2.75 each, but this little lot of five doten
will bo pIommI on Hiitimluy at only $1.30 each. Hot, iIhmii in the
window on Thursday ami Friday.
Invictus Shoes
Arc Ua* lust iptality shoes If you have had trouble in irctlinir
shoe satisfaction, buy INVKTI-K. Hrtd yonr ttboe trouble* will
be a thinff nf the past.
Our stock of Uroceritm, Flour, I'ntvUions. Vegetables and
Fruits i* emiMilrto. ntxd -ocmd** f««ll tt* thev timl •* llitlr. «.t<-<.
laire in price when buying from its.
Coloman        -        Alberta
Wednesday, 22nd .was lri every way
a red letter day in the history of Coleman, and about nine hundred picnickers from Lethbridge took advantage
of tbe good weather to visit the picnic
town of the Pass. "An ideal spot to
spent a holiday," was the opinion of
all who visited Coleman on that date.
A reception committee of local gentlemen met the picnickers and directed
them to the football and public park,
where a field kitchen was erected for
their accommodation, and soon the Inner man and woman were satisfied, as
hot tea nnd coffee was in readiness for
Sport in every form was also provided for those Inclined that way.
Football, baseball and tennis was supplied, by local talent,
The noteable event of tbe day was
the meeting of the Lethbridge Callles
ahd the Coleman Football team. Coleman were somewhat handicapped by
two or three of their regular players
being absent, notably Kellock, Moore,
and -McDonald.,   /The Callles kicked
off, and the manner In which they
started one would have thought that
the score would hsve been twenty-one
Instead of one solitary goal, scored
after the second portion of the game
had been about twenty minutes gone,
as the Callles forwards eouM not make
anything of the first line of defence,
Roughead and Jackson being on their
best behavior.    Tbe Coleman backs
were a solid wall In themselves until
8, .Mooro's leg gave way, and Coleman
had to play one man short nearly the
whole part of the game,     Notwithstanding they held tbe muoh-vaunted
Caledonians down to a solitary point,
Some clever passing wss shown by
both teams, as they adopted much the
same style of play.    Pston, of Frank,
In goal, got a vast amount of work to
do, but Ham defied all the forwards of
the Galllea to -heat him. and treated
their shoU In a very cool manner,
whleh exasperated them, and tbe goal
scored against him was of the un*
saveable order.
Collection taken after the match
realised 127.
A return game Is about to be or-
ranged between the teams, as s rivalry
exists between them as to who la the
better team. The Callles blame the
ground for their not defestlng the
Coleman boys by s larger margin. The
return match is expected to take place
on Labor Day In Lethbridge.
A series of checker games between
It. Tennant snd tl. P. Thompson, Belle*
vui». on th* oni* aide, and Robert Ration and Isaac Thomas, Coleman, on
the other, have been srrsnsed. Date
and plar* will he announced In the
column* of District Ledger.
Tlve old stork paid n visit to ths
home of Mr. and Mrs. Charles ftmfth
v<> -«.» 9-1*1, muti it-il • Cr** nee las-
*«p      Motbt'V :<•*-' ,*M,\ Mu,n r.*?.\
A party of elderly sentlemeri, bent
en showing the rising generation that
■nil the ginger bad not bten knocked
out et tbim. and possibly desirous of
escnplne from the tempering Influence
»' '*»'" ",'"• ". '■'■"•J *.  ■■,.-,*9*.*,AA,*-..
On Thursday of last week, and set out
for part unknown. Rut alas! whether
It was the effect* of overloading the
vehicle, or overloading on the part ef
the psssengera we do not know, but
At the conclusion of last week's
notes, "August ;»J7" was inserted as
the" date of the benefit dance at Beaver in aid of the Hillcrest disaster relief fund. This was an error, as the
dance will be held on Friday, August
7th. *
W. T. and Mrs. Hamilton removed
from Beaver to Frank last Thursday,
outside foreman. Mr. Hamillton came
from Nova Scotia to Beaver three
years ago, and for about two years
acted as pit boss in So. 2 mine. For
the past twelve months he was superintendent on the railway track. 'Both
Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton were well respected by the people of Beaver, and
ns they both took an interest ia Sunday school teaching and church matters, they will be greatly missed by
the congregation.
The Local secretary, "Old John,"
was sent on a business proposition In
conuectiqn with the Local to Dr,
Connor, Pincher Creek, last Tuesday.
The, doctor and NurBe McNally visited
Beaver on Saturday, and from what
wo can learn the nurse will remain
at the camp for a time. It is the doctor's intention, however, to reside at
Beaver, should the number of employes be increased. sufficiently.
Nurse Thompson, from the General
Hospital, Calgary, Is Spending the
holidays with her sister, Mrs. Dave
Muir Beaver .Mines,
Alex. Thompson spent last Sunday
up the Pass. Something very attractive up there Sandy?
Slim Barry, who has heen emp'oyed
here for the past month, amuses large
crowds with his chestnuts. Ou Sunday evening he amused an audience
outside the Beaver Hotel hv cracking
comics that would have gliddened the
heart of the average soap-boxer.
On Saturday afternoon a fire, w'rlch
was said to be smoldering for n few
dey* at the hill foot, ainir a quarter
of a mile west of No. 2 pit head, wiu,
owing a strong westernly wind, fanned Into a flame, whlrh for a few
hours appeared to assume u threatening attitude. The flsmes, which were
fed by the the desd wood and dry
grass beneath tbe trees and thick
shrubs, forged ahesd st such a rapid
pace that by 3 p. m. it reached with-
In a few hundred yards of engine, oil
stores, ete. Tho bock ahlft mimrs,
instead of entering the mine, however,
were sent to fight the fire, whilst the
first shift, who were leaving the mine,
and all other available hands, were
used as fire-fighters.
The pit boss and other officials,
with a staff of Impromptu firemen,
soon had the fire equipment In action,
but by this time the spark* from high
fir trees wero setting fire to grans
snd bush over 200 yards ahesd. Fortunately, the wind ehanseil for a
time, snd thl* enabled the firemen,
who were making good use of the
hose, to quickly quench thc flames,
bntote sny herioua damage took place,
Towards night the fire again warned
to revive, and appeared threatening,
but Constable liyrac snd n (ew men
were utile to mibduo It.
"Om* bitten, twice * shy," I* n very
old ndiipp, nnd apparently It Iiiih been
taken to (mart by tbe tradesmen
ftft*i»»**-»»«     tl*t*rnn*r*** It *■*»   n. ...        »     <
ed to work he rould n*t cnMIt tn the
t-Uii*-,*,, in*. .' it*tne iwrceutage ol llw
min wb-t-ii j'ulllim wiit trird to Iwrniltf
tradesmen who had b«frl*nd«Ml them,
and as a rule were successful. Of
course cum enter* that did
thuvut'il In Hi*
charivari band was waiting the arrival of .the passengers to give them
a good, hearty welcome, .but much to
their disappointment, neither of the
couples put lo an appearance.
Mr. JOhn Briscoe, secretary of
Michel football club will be much
obliged to those who have stubbs for
the.drawing of prizes if they will return them at once, as they are anxious
to get the matter settled up.
IMrs. Sydney BrOwn, of McGillivray, Is making a short stay here, having been in Cranbrook hospital for six
A show, dance and supper was held
in 'the Opera House, Natal, Friday
last, in aid of the Hillcrest relief fund
and was patronized by a good crowd.
Everybody had a good time, the dance
lasting until 4 a. m.
•Mr. James iMoore arrived back
from Creston pn 'Monday's passenger,
accompanied by his brother, John
•Moore, o£ Coleman, both having enjoyed their outing pn the fruit lands.
. W. L. 'Phillips, President; H. Elmer
and James Mercer, to gether with Mr.
'Itussel, superintendent, visited the
new mine on No. 8 side, with a view
seam of coal it wus
The Local   Union   held   a   special
meeting in Crahan's Hall on 'Monday,
nt S p. in., for the purpose of hearing
Nros. Shenton, organizer of the B. C.
Federation   of   Labor    address   the
meeting on behalf of Vancouver Island
strikers.    Bro. Shenton made a very
able speech,   outlining   the   position
of the strikers on the Island, and urged the miners in the B. C. part of
District IS to   vote   in   favor   of the
proposition.  At the conclusion of   his
speech, Bro. A. .1.   Carter   took   the
floor for a considerable time, expressing ih a very broad-minded manner
the position of District IS should n
general strike occur; also thst much
better results would be obtained    if
it had been asked for at. a more   opportune time.    Bro.   Carter  paid   a
tribute to the able and eloquent manner in which Bro. Shenton addressed
the meeting.    Questions were asked
by Bro. Carter and several other members of the 'Local Union,   Bro. Carter
expressed views very divergent  from
those of the former speaker.     One
important question was:  Would tbe
railway men take   the   same   stand
should a general Btrlke be determined on.   Much   sympathy   has  always
been shown and support offered   by
•Michel I,ocal I'nlon to their brothers
who are fighting  so   Ir lively   on the
Mrs. Redhead and her mother, Mrs.
Frew, are visiting friends and relatives
here for a few days. ,They arrived on
iMonday morning's train,
The Garth family" of this city
flitted to Hillcrest Tuesday, where
they intend to take up their permanent residence.
The Treherne family have moved
from the home they have occupied
since they came to the Pride of the
Rockies, into a more fashionable and
up-to-date residence on Main street.
The new barber college, under tbe
direction of Walter Watson was opened Saturday last in the basement of
the Flathead hotel. Twenty.seveil
successful operations were prformed
at the opening session.
John Ovington of, this city was
placed on the list of football referees
at the league meeting held in Fernie
Saturday. He will handle the whistle
in the game between Coal Creek and
Fernie in the opening round of the
Crahan cup.
Mr. .Ihon -Timchuck is spending his
vacation at Edmonton. He will return to his Corbin residence about the
middle of Augsut.
summer vacation or an old age pension, which didn't seem to be forth-
coming. Prince, the afternoon shift
horse, committed suicide Monday, He
wa^ cremated the following day."
.The Canada West still keeps on
blowing her three long whistles for
no work. Every blast of the whistle
sends the heart pf the would-be plutocrats of this town a little slower.
The crops in this vicinity are a total
failure and the only money the business men of this town will see tbia
season will be that earned by the
miners. But we must give those people their due, for in contrast to what
we hear from other places, the storekeepers here have done all they possibly could to help people out, and
very few cases are known where a
man's credit has been shut off, and
in a season such as this has been in
Taber, very few have been able to
pay their grocery bills. As a consequence, practically everyone has a
debt to pay that will keep bim busy
all winter to square off—then to repeat the performance next summer.
Oh, well, it's hard to satisfy some people, anyway, and yet all they want Is
There will be a baseball game between a Lethbridge team and the
Taber team on Wednesday afternoon.
Mrs. Joe iMdntyre was taken seriously ill on Sunday afternoon, and Is
still in a critical condition.
Peter Begg was in town over Sunday, oil' his way from Banff to Bow
Island. '
Jack Bell was in town today from
his homestead. lack intends going
to Kipp where he worked the last two
(There is a rumor in town that tbe
Monarch colliery is going to be opened
tip this season, but seeing that the
same thing happened last year, we will
believe it when we see it.
Taber is a great place to live in
these days with the thermometer trying to break all records. The only
place to keep cool is In the mine, and
they ■won't even let us In there.
Sir Percy Scott, a British Admiral,
61 years of age and fully knowing
whereof he speaks, says. "I can see no
use for'battleships and very little
chance for fast cruisers. The navy
will bec entirely changed. Naval officers no longer live on the sea, but but
either above or underneath it." "Scqtt
tells the .people that battleships are
worthless in'these days of submarines
and flying machines.   But the battle
ship 'building goes steadily on. The
capitalists who wax rich on battleship
contract own the government, hence
hundreds of millions of dollars are
siient for worthless junk.—Cotton's
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery, etc.
Funeral  Director
and   Bmbalmer
Hoadstones Supplied and Set up
COLEMAN   '-iw""gnj(*"w    ALBERTA
Work at the mines In l«glnnlng to
pick up a little, both mines working
four days laat week. There ire n considerable number of miners from the
Pass collieries around here on the
hunt for a Job, and In former yours
iilwut this tiuiH ihurt Wits tiMMHiiy lots
of chances for strangers. This vear
la an exception to the rul#, and hoth
mines are full up, wlill* only old
hands ore being taken on.
Th«* committee havp mado arrangements to fco around the mines, nm*
the men are in receipt of a good nsv,
to raise subscriptions toward* tho Hlllcrest relief fund.
W. L. Phillips, t»rwMi.tit. nml 11,
Hees,' International Hoard Mwrnber,
ttcrp In tin' clO' Saturday Imm ond
vlsltod both mines, along with rtecre-
tary Moore, and pulled out on tin* af-
icrnoon train for Coalhurst, «ln«t«
i|»»rft «r«< som*1 erlevsiice*, pi'iKllns
t,Mm. John ti rutin m Is In list** Hot*
nltnl, wU'n *lu undi»r»ent mji m<"H-
tion. I
*Mr«. Churl*-* I'MH'ock was iek*»n toi
hoiHiltiil Wi'iiiundiv  of last   w«<nU mi
itimtargo an oi»«nition.   We wish them j
' both ii uni'pilv ri" nvi'i'v
of!   'Mrs. K. Kewn-wh* wlf" of Kd, RVn-
,    ■ tin-tt.   rit  11,1*.      tl.      •"    >   **>   "I       * •»'
hw   pawn!*   tfi   T"rnn»o. Pri dav    of I
I.IH'    •**»•«•■*,       I |l«l   HUlllMtllV    nt    m,«ri* |
friend* i» extended  "» .»lr,  Hvnii-wiy j
in hii «ad l**rt'»vi*tiii*iii ■
t.. Close pulled out on Monday *von- i
pay werej Inn for Oreat Palls, Montana, where j
uri** nt it!ii» (tncxl* (or  ke ha* Ut*t*n #M-rf*o#*<.fiil in w-urlntr »
,l.u»<-       *»tu      >!.»»       rtU***,      IMWW.H      IIKMM I *M*Hl»**lM*l». 1
of the thf thrifty ones malted their j
order* to cnnh stores, raihi»r then pay
tho extra prico to local storekeepers.
No doubt much rould he sold for and
ngalmel the credit system, but (he
card* nt iircxoiit displayed in all our
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret nnd at bottom prices,  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders glvin
prompt attention,
If you are sstlsflsd, tell ethers.   If aet satisfied, tell us.
"The Quality 8tor«"
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta.
and Everything in Shoes
Our Grocery stock is complete with only the
choicest brands.   A full line of Fresh Fruits
and Vegetables always on hand.
the return Journey proved disastrous
The motor jibbed, hlecopped, and died, later**, tnfcrmln* the r-wMIr- thnt no -f*,„ i,,^ Sf)f.,.
Thew «•***> Iota uf »plrlt nUmtA Intt -«-r*s-«>>t wti. '»<• #imhi, n-niinita iln- ur*».« Huluniny for tit*1 putV"**- «*f ful-
ish« refused to budte. The tmssenc- writer of an apt altnbosrd whlrh hei^tllns tb«>fr criifduli*"! 'i'-m-im- iMin^
>rs ti-nt valti.iW* na-tlatnner. fn ft.,* ,v.< ,, '- .i ;-,:;•; at-J 'AJ;iif ui. .* i.-U- ,,hM, «.-,** ,,o*»»,«i,imI u !'.*■■ -v.-i-V*** 'iri.
]»b$xi" ot ndtit*. bnt i!id not ferl dia-iJjij; I'M-ummi lw Umh Sulnk, * hUit i»» M r^*.ult of thi> l*i»*» mmm niwutrc-
{pAMd to supplement same with any]li i»«*t|H between   the eountfes   of phe    lllHire**   •*<.•(   •!.«   '        «■'
,'.!ilrl»j I»»*» and l„nndo*h4err>', Itt tlwielotird plavin* with iln- hui.i. whirl*
mirth of Irulund.   On the aJanlwwril,U„<i  Mawlns;  a  iini', .'**. 'br'.v  'nu-k*,
wblrh wan htin-s orer the entrance to n Corbin played    ih* ir t.t.'il,«r .Uwii.;
#.-.«r*;»Ti, %-nn a wrll drSiiB tivurt* nt *]*(?« tbr i-xct-m-ioii ,,i i.* .- »   ' in> (♦!«>
<«>! **" rr, :<!*,' Ji .: ,
prartlfsi demmctrstkm, They mow-
led hmn«* en ^^wt, awl reached Cole-
'man In <h» early houree of the went,
■ It It mid, liwt w» trntm helSere mm*,
•that a scribe wss not Ire il hrinarlnf m>
dcHil  ilnif.   with   bli   earn*,  "Credit "1 ■»
ii»w **.*.! tt„o *i»i(»in»it '-em np, stthonph' pfinred on hi* rolttr, whtti? *min.1i»g
tjis attempt to psfswde a telephon* pole' orer him with ell the appsn-nt swank
that It w«» time he "net n more on," ot » mmlcrn   i>um!!Iih    wbo   IkhI Ii*-
may be ettmnod by the toot that he
*.m ihe only Himaritan in the crowd
II. Stobbart, whn w "
Hat.    tni* tT'me rrmi'ii
il». m , when Tonil'n  hi
.-!   :
*? ot
man down end out. wan another de* motion befor* a uno-I   *»*
named "Had Pay." and lieneath iUsh Uno,   The firs»t half ■*■:** i-vcniy ron
iuji»rt4 |
t.iu i.;
Fresh Strawberries and Pineapples For
Sole agents for "I^IV!CTUS,,' "RBQAL,"
"K" make FfNi SHOES and "LECKIE"
Kiijt yutir tickets fr-oin «»«ir
nre  worth "» per cent  <*a.iii
••fish r*-jfi»ter    Tti»-y
whenever |ir«**cntei|.
tnj? Mny ht,
The Store That SAVES You Money /
:■"• ?AFr!f^m7x ■ ',y^^s$$mm^
*"**- *j
■«s •IjO.-JRJ
Local Union Directory, Dist. 18,D.M.W.A
No. 2314
Mdet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill. Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2497
Moet every Sunday at £.?0 in K.
P. Hail, "Main Street.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B, C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer. Soc.
No. 1387
Meet   every  Similar.    Siclc (md
Accident  Benefit Society attached.— Michael   Wan-fcii,   Sve,  C<m-
moiv, Alta.
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   pan,   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352 -
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached,—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg-, Alta.
No. 949
Meet every second arfd fourth
Sunday of each month at 16 a.m.
in School House, Burmjs. No Sick
Society.—Thos, G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second aud ltiurth Sunday
!n month. Sick and Bene lit S'k-I-
i-ly att.ii.lu d.— J. (tOI'Ioii, Sec.
No. 2227
.Meet t vory iilU'riKtli; .-'Hiiday at
SO   ]i.!i).    in    U,e   Opt-ia    ll.uisc.
■ ■lenijii.—.1.   Mitcliill,   Sic,   Box
ibd      105, Coleman.
No. 29
JU't-t every TiR-sday evening at
7 o'clock in the iiankhead Hall.
Sick ami Acfideiit Uenei'lt Fund
uttiU'hi-d.—1'iiink Wheatley, Fin.
Si'L.,   Bunkliead, Altu.
No. 1189
Moot every Friday evenin
7..10 in Mlnej-s' Hull. Sick mid
Accident Benefit Society atlacl'-
ed.—Frank Unrringliam, St-c, I .ox
lil', Coalhurst P. O.
,     No. 481
Meet ,.\eiy first and third Sunday nt Lyilo Hull, 3 l.'.m,—John
Lout; 1:ran. Sec.
fc%5>?-r-:3t^t'-r-s' *s-..>s*~^tr^-. W=^v.<"0--^---
ritynfrAnA-m i*n ,i,i ,t. >m. .tn.».,* ,,,i .,,i
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Titos. G. Harries, Sec..'
PaksLurt'. Alta.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening:
at T.SO In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.— I.. Moore, Suc-Troas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at ".?,*) p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. — .lames
Burke, Sec, Box 30, Bellevue,
No, 2877
Mi • t ev.-i-y second Sunday at^2
u\i.)•_;-. ia the Club Hall. Sick
Hi in nt Socie'y attached.—Geo.
Kim-, S.'C, Corbin. B. C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday aftornonn,
:.'. H', at Boarding Hou*e. .-'ick
und Accident Fund attached.—
Max H ti tier, Sec.
No. 1263
^feet Sundays, nfter each pay
day, at Miners Hall. Sick and
-Benefit Society attached.—E
-Morgan, Secretary.
For the Student
(■The following interesting answers
to questions were given in the Science
and Art of .Min'ing competition,, and
should prove interesting to students
and readers of the Ledger.)
Q.—Jn prospecting in an ujtproved
neighborhood, what signs must be
looked for as indicating the nearness
of coal?
A.—In prospecting in an unproved
neighborhood a knowledge of geology,,
with its sister science, mineralogy, is
necessary, as follows. t
A knowledge of geology to tell the
stratagraphical position according to
age. To distinguish one mineral from
another at sight.
A knowledge of palaeontology, to
distinguish the age and value, of a deposit from its characteristic "^-fossils.
To understand the various phenomena,
the forces which caused them, etc.
A study of mineralogy, to determine
the various characteristics    of rock-
! matter and minerals   which   compose
the earth's crust.
A study of chemistry ta-determine
'tiie composition of rocks and minerals.
It enables the explorer to distinguish
approximately the chemical, composition of a mineral on the field.
A knowledge of surveying, to determine the im'linntlon and strike of
the various betls.
A knowledge of botany, to enable
the explorer hy studying the flora of
a district to distinguish soils of rocks
Geology concerns itself in the structure of the earth's crust, and the examination of its minerals, tlieir relative position, together with their
mode rf formation and the.laws that
regulate, their arrangement. We see
ihat, when we. liave gained a clear
conception of the above," we are in
possession of knowledge that will
civntly nifl us In prospecting for minerals. When searching in an unexplor-!
ed ('istriet for Tiifnrrate the prospector
cannot proceed wl'.it <>ny hope unlet-
the fuel, being very important, it follows that the less the fuel contains of
such (ash) the more valuable it is. Of
course the chief value of a fuel is its
capability of giving out heat during
its combustion. The heating power of
a fuel, known as the calorific power,
■is the quantity of heat measured in
heat units generated hy the combustion of a heat unit weight, usually one
pound. The heating power of a fuel
may also be express-ad in evaporation
units, , that is, by the number of
pounds of 'water evaporated from and
at 212 deg. Pahrper pound of fuel. Oil
is undoubtedly richer than coal as/ a
fuel, but it is'far more costly.
As regards coal, the' more perfect
the combustion the greater its heating
value. When supplied with the right
amount of,air in «*])roperly constructed furnace, practically all its available
heat will he utilized. Its first cogt is
favorablo when compared with oil,
therefore, where the supply is large, as
is the case in this country nt least,
it will always form the chief fuel for
our various industries. Further, the
different constituents of coal may be
separated, thus rendering all possible
for different uses.   Again, oil can be
on the four-stroke cycle principle, one
stroke in every four being- a power'
stroke, although it must-hp admitted
there are -two-stroke, engines as well.
When., working air ia drawn dnto the
cylinder ihrough an.air-valve. The
up-stroke compresses' this air to a
pressure of about 500 pounds, which
raises its tempe,rature. to about 1,100
deg. Fah. At the beginning of -the
next down-stroke fuel oil is blo.wn.into
t-hfe. cylinder. Due to the temperature
the oil and air mixture -ignites," the explosive force driving the piston dotyn.
The next up-stroke completes the cyele
by Jorcing the products of combustion
through'the-exhaust valve into the at-
rifophere. This type of engine gives
good results.
As regards the'Diesel.oil engine, the
oil -consumption per hrake horse-power
at full load is 0-41 lb. for a 100 B.H.P.
engine. This with oil at say 41s per
ton is equal to one-tenth and one-
eleventh of a,penny per brake horsepower hour. For marine purposes oil
engines are chiefly used; being far
more economical than steam engines.
For steam-raising purposes, ore
smelting , etc., coal will always be the
chief fuel, at least in this country, be-
-rause we have few natural oil fields,
and the cost of producing oils from
our coal fields would be considerable.
As regards colliery requirements, coal
will neVer take second placo to oil.
The coal produced on the spot will un
„     , t     Then to
     ..„ ,   „.„. „ ,jhe rtety. and push open the red iron
produced from coal, although the costIquestionably be cheaper than imported,"0?.1;-A. long,/wide room. Wood flooring,
An Incident in
'■-By Herbert Fees-
Competitive manufacturing, competitive buying, competitive selling—
the long stand up fight, the personal
incentive—this breeds men- of independence—and mental power—so we
read—so the thought runs—and curiously, it is 'believed.       - .— .
I wonder--*-- •   > ^    '
You swing off, pleasant, sunlit lower
Fifth avenue east, into a shabbily
'busy, paper-strewn street; The former
homes of dignified 'brown stone, or of
prettily white-puttied red brick, are
,all altered into stores and stock offices
—work rudely done—the purpose in
hand being the sole guide, and each
place -hut a misshapen mass of wood
■and stone. Signs painted on oilcloth
hang from every floor.
Up^four rusty sawdust-covered stairs
you go;\the side pavement and basement floor have 'been cut away so that
now the stairs and higher flooring bar-
(bor a delicatessen shop—one with a
filthy soda fountain (four blotehy-
faced fellows hang over It).
orowd 'breaks up.'' Perhaps one or two
persist-and make, trial of walking be-;
side R, as he ceynes, out, and speak Jo
him\of their goods.' He drops' them
with a sentence and they,hurry away.
What noble experience this is—
"what creative, formative tuse-'of. timo?
What men of spirit a(e molded. 'So
■worjfccis.done and menlp'ow.'
would be very great, in fact, -much
greater than the first cost of mineral
oil obtained from oil fields. As
stated previously oil is valuablTas a
fuel. In fact so great are its possibilities in this direction that its cost
hns increased enormously during :he
last few years. For a Treat numbor
of years engineers have been experimenting with the burning of oil in
■boiler   furnaces.   Their   efforts have
oil. For certain work about mines
internal combustion engines would
probably give efficiency. In this respect, therefore, oil as fuel would be
preferred.... Previous to the passing pf
the new Mines Act; oil engines were
in great use underground for pumping
purposes, etc. Now of course, they
are not allowed underground, the oil
•being considered dangerous." - ,For
minor purposes.on the surface, say for
wssffi arffgjQrai ffii&sr^Basiaiff^r&M
ing that oil as a steam-raisinfe fuel has
many advantages. Oil consists of
tihnut S"i per cent carbon and 15 per
rent hydrogen. For the same production of heat the volume of coal and
crude petroleum are t nbout) -as 50, to
33, therefore crude oil c:in be obtained
ar a price which conr-nres favorably
lie can eie-irlv ."-in-iiFh hp'wcn't'i" ■w,th coa1, in centres wlicre the ^
i irr-r ,,t , Vt- r;'„,„;;™c ,;^.cn V "keeps the cost at a re^onable figure.
1 n   n    1   ,     formations, ani ts abie ;T,fl    ,, ,   b      t ,        f ,     h
i i?J%?Z.       °  )   Ch,'"ay •Vi"1'   thrC' form pf a spray.   The articles are suf-
] panieular t. meral lie is m spdreli oT.   -   -     -
iln tl'e firs-  h!-k.--. ;h° prospfr'to;- will
' make a i>reniviiui:-y survey c" the dis-
| trict.   Ho wi'! exam'ne all raJl'vny cut-
j tonus  old wil", :!" cny exist, hillsides,
'shafts', quarries, or any place where a
secti'iii  of i'0(-ic  imt ter can be  'seen.
without question been successful, prov-|tlie driving of a dynamo, etc., oil en-
    ive superior results from
ficiently small to burn readily at   the
f'ring pointy cf flic    ft'd.      A special
burner is used,'and tl'e spraying   is
'done  mechanically,   or  by  means  of
is-!earn or compressed air.   Willi a fur-
| n a co of suitable form  and  provided
.„     .. ,.    ,. . .'with an ample supply   of   air,   there
f after examination of any ?neh , .. bo p^cticn^.' „,rfect combus.
rocks, the i.rns'H'ctcr fmds rocks be- , without the production of soot,
loneijiu to the Silurian forma on, he X. th f   u as    f„el ,here tg ob.
wil   know at once   it prospecting for t -,    d an.jntense> 8teaily hea(# prompt
ceal, trat tli--5 crwl-beariug strata   are	
not there.   When prospecting for coal,
there are various methods.adopted   in
Here are
a few claims we
have paid of late
|The "OCEAN" is the largest ACCIDENT Company in the
The "OCEAN" PAYS DAILY over $15,000 for ACCIDENTS
Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corp. Ltd, of London Eng,
A. B. CAMPBELL, tHat Agent
Miners'Union Hall Block       -      Fernie, B.C.
Saturday Specials
Beef Bolts -
Fresh Cooked Tripe
Alberta Creamery Butter
lOo Ib.
18e Ib.
10o Ib.
12^0 Ib.
70o 2 lbs.
Every  description of Sausage and  potted
Meat made on the premises by Expert
We Kill The Finest Ranch
Fed Cattle
Eckstein Blk.,  Fernie
s^c-i^nc information concernJns the
rocks that aiv overlaid by ft few leet
of soil. The burrows of animals may
be examine;!, the banks of rivers or
to determine whieh formation tlie
rocks are found in. If the explorer has
proved the existence of the carboniferous formation, his next step would be
to   ascertain    if   It   cntitniiia. thfl_fnal.
flighting and extinguishing of the fire;
and great easy of re*gu!atloii-«nd perfect combustion. At half Is present
price oil is a close competitor with
coal as a fuel," therefore, as long as oil
remains'at such prise, coal will be the
preferred fuel, due to its comparative
cheapness. Of course in special cases,
such as admiralty purposes, oil will be
the most advantaiseOuB.
ln addition to its nses an .1 -fnpl fori
measures, their extent and position.
He would examine the sides of quarries, etc., for Indications of outcrop of
shale, fireclay or coal. The beds of
rivers and streams sometimes give
valuable information;\pieces of coal,
01* other rock matter, may have become separated from tb& outcrop of
beds at points higher up the stream,
the explorer' would follow the course
of the stream, and carefully examine
the sides for Indications of the outcrop, lt may happen that the outcrop
haB become overlaid by newer deposit;*. In this case the soil near the
outcrop will have a dark appearance
due to tho admixture of small pieces
of coal and shale, which can be detected by a careful examination. It Is
possible for coal seams to be revealed
by dark sol! being overturned In
ploughing, or by spring water, which
has filtered through a coal seam containing Iron pyrites (a compound of
sulphur with Iron), and depositing H
at the month of the spring. Shale is
sometimes taken as a good Indication
of the existence of coal In the vicinity.
Thds cannot always be relied upon,
unless other evidence, .such a* tbo lm-
prensloi)s of ferns and other vo-scetable
remains and animal fossils characteristic of the coal measures, is found.
Fossils are of niucli greater value than
they wt'if believed or known to be
a few years ago. The explorer should
have n .knowledge of chemistry. This
will enftble Mm to determine the composition cf rocks and minerals he may
come across. The hardness of such
Voc'iH. lliu den»lt)', the specific gravity,
or the coloring may »rive the explorer
the Information required, lie Is ,il<m
fwibled hy itfudy-iiiK U)*» flora of HW
district to distinguish tbe soils of tin*
rocks beneath. The whole of th« in.
formation so obtained Is carefully examined, and Ils value estimated. What
'.lib '.., *7iVt d-uiuiuiUm *\iiniintt i-o<tl
seams actually exist, or whether
thore l* a probublMtv tha' ihf*v cxlM.
\>\ix -HMtttiran-re must bf raiprlit by putting down bore-holes, or It mny be the
<vWfwe Is against the etUtenee of
\renlt. and Ihe search .ilatidoiiHl, Su,*.
jlKW oitterona of civil do occur, Ihe
character of the cot! composing the
«*»nt* canmnt be i«f«rr*ij from »lt«>;
iroal found there, and either n heading
1 Into tbo coal or a bnre-ho!* some t?<
1 lance from th'1 o(iu-r*»ii wi*hi|<I lw r>■•■
«iu!red.    In  jitittliis  down bare-hol* v
<?ines may
an economical point of view to a steam
engine; and when we note that stealu
is required for- the winding engines,
etc.', then the steam could be used also
for the minor requirements. For domestic purposes oil will hardly ever
substitute coal, from which we obtain
coke and gas, two practically indispensable commodities.
By reference to the above it will
be gathered that, where cost is a
second .consideration, oil is by far the
best fuol. We know that prices de-
, pend chiefly 'upon the supply- As long
as tlie supply is equal to the demand,
as is the case in this country, coal will
not be substituted Xar oil because
competition will fceep'the price at a
reasonable figure. .Abroad. v.'Jiere natural oil-fieldfare in abundance, oil will
undoubtedly through time take precedence over coa} as a fuel. So great
are the possibilities in oil that nations'}
will not allow free export, thus
the cost in this -qouurry wheu compared with coal will prohibit or at
least hinder its use.
steam generation, etc., oil may also be
used directly for the'driving of machinery. Fuel oil and air aro caused to
explode inside the cylinder, the force
of explosion driving the piston In'one
direction. A large fly wheel is generally fixed to the engine, causing uniformity of motion.   Such engines work
Over 14,000 women are employed In
the mining and smelting industry in
Upper Silesia, Germany.
Whnt nrfl vour wages?   rdnn't.aiean_
how much a week do you get; but what
life do you get as the reward of your
toil?—R. Blatchford.
A machine ts being succesfully operated, in the States that will practically do away entirely with human labor power iu some coal mines.
When a Safety Lamp is
Not Safe
To the Editor District Ledger:
Dear Sin—The cause of the Hill*
crest explosion is one amongst. the
many of the world's hidden mysteries.
Some may come to conclusions which
are ambiguous, -but some may be log*
leal and reasonable, such at: improper
ventilation, excessive gas and coal
dust, defective safety lamps, and the
careless use of safety lamps.
Improper ventilation ia a point ot
great importance In ooal mining.and
in faot, ventilation is tbe principal art
In mch work, Thia work ia attended
to by tbe officials in charge of the
mine, and confirmed by the Oover?-
ment Coal Mine inspector. Tbe superintendent receives the plans from the
mine surveyor aud then plana tbe veu*
tilotkm to teh best wl vantage, and
gives his orders to the   men   under
him, who perform U.e work. When j slgulng-on tbe foreign element. A
sue!, work is done, ibe critic, who Islahorough examination by a strong and
the .Government Mine Inspeetar, sound minded Interpreter is essential
cornea, making his examination,   and for tho safety of coal mines, a record
fisses his opinion as a judg* gives of their psat experience helng required
« decision on a criminal ease. If In connection -with this examination.,
Sk inspector fouud any fault with :h*»i No forulgners from France^ Belgium,)
work, why <RA be not act In honesty <Jerm»ny, etc., can say tbat they do
;nv! tt'.l iLe-sj outridw, Ji mm W«.:-*o; k**u ^i*4 *«Uich give* liMilr p***,
tituy to his fellowmen and the country experience In tho wines, for it Is not
ln which be It   acting.    He   carries! true.   Vou cihtnot   find   a man who
examined by the fire boss, to make
sure the lamphouse examination was
correct. All of this was confirmed
the morning of the explosion.
The careless use of safety lamps is
my particular purpose In writing this
article. Men who do ont understand
why a safoty lamp Is used in a wine.
■Imply use it as a barn lantern—turn
the light until lt Is up In the gauze.
Now I will leave It to any praotleal
man if this Is a safe act Su the pres*
encj .ii cat*, Tbe men who do ihis frs
Igr.onin; of the danger of tlio oxplo-
«lvt» unses In coal mines, and the rma!lj
o\)i.)slcn wh.cl- takes pla^e In the
lamp velum It is placed In 3011 tact
wi-'i ao-*. These men are usually
njuJCnjjlish speaking people. In tbe
mines iif Alberta, where pjxn la found
In tt.cli i.nge quantities, grmt care
should be  exercised when   hiring  or
rotting, patched, uncovered..'White
washed ceiling, pipe-crossed. Piles of
.pniper boxes on two sides, other heaps
of packing cases, some with tops
smashed in, and filled with dusty cloak
hangers or paper rubbish.
The one long window oyer the street
covered half way up -witif figured (paper—so, too, the glass of the red-
stained partitions separating this room
from some few small offices.
The owner and director of a chain
of women's wear stores buys all his
stuff here.   Here Uie   salesmen come
The attention -of organized labor is
directed to the splendid struggle being
waged for the liberation of the '-(white
slaves." in the cotton mills of tlu?
south. In the city of Atlanta, Ga., in
tho "Empire of the South,"; where
child labor laws are the worst in any
St$ite in the Union, or in any civilized
country in the world, the cotton workers have organized, »aud revolted
against the intolerable conditions im-*
pesed upon them by the Fulton J3ag
and Cotton Company, and under the direction of Organizer .Miles are fighting'
for the elimination of child labor, recognition of the Union, and the establishment of a Sl-tootir week.
" The Fulton Bag and Cotton -Company Is Supported -by the Southern Cotton Manufacturers' Association, and
the National Manufacturers'. Association, aud are resorting "to the cruelest
tactics in their, efforts *o break the
strike, it has been the rule of this
company to hold back a ween' 1 wage,
and when the workers,struck, they had
from a week to nine days', pay coming; this money the company, declared
forfeited, on the   ground's   that'  the
to see him, and "to show their line " 8tril'eis left without notlce- Credit was
They are seen from 9 to 10 and "from 1 ?u: °fi,a! l.ho stor*' and starvation was
. and from
4 to 6 each day.
,.He is a short, thin man, with red
h&ir and.red moustache—each feature
sharply formed, ' high" cheek 'bones,
long thin nose, and flattened chin. In
manner, quiet, final, unregardlng, noncommittal. His help about the place,
mostly young girls, quite In hia way. of
acting, as disregarding and little-telling.
The .window sill is always lined by 9
o'clock (fire buckets havo been pushed
aside for this) and all through -the
hour, the red iron door Is pushed
open toy othor comers. Each with a
round, bulging twine-tied package under his arm—or thin v caruoard box,
or sample case. xSome form Uttlc
groups-—others stand aside; all the
usual .men of our commercial life,
young and old together, some fresh
and laughing—others just 'patient.
They talk of sales, prices, prospects
—but always watching the llttje spring
door of the facing office. It is .pushed
open slowly by the buyer. They cluster about, each with a word for his
ear, and some garment or other for
his eye. Three stand apart—hoping
to so distinguish themselves from tho
(Tke buyer .walks about, listening
looking—nodding, "Xo, nothing in
waists." "I won't look at millinery
today, 'tf can't sell them." "Too
dear." "Later"—and so to this and
that one. He is pressed in this fashion: "Won't you look at this one
dress?" "Two new aprons." "We
must sell them."
A few he sends inside the office lo
lay out their samples. The rest turn
aside and Jostle forth. The room
slowly fills again with these waiting,'!
seeking men, looking in th.i half-open
door and hoping. One marvels st the
courage renewed each day.
They wait quietly—the hookketioer
comes out at last, "No one else will
be seen today.  Mr. It. must go?'  The
immediately upon them. They are being evicted from the company'*'shacks '
aud are blacklisted in the mills, intimidated in' every way possible to
force them back in subjection to the
For weeks before the strike .efforts
were made by the employes' committee to get a conference with the mill
officials, but they absolutely refused
to meet any committee. Under tliese
circumstances the Induitrlal Organization of Textile. Workers, the Gw.-gia
Federation of Labor and th*; Atlanta
Federation of Trades have do^rmined
to come to tho assistance of the cotton
mill, workers and mako this strike a
national issue, the success of which
•will eliminate for all time tho disgraceful condition of servitude imposed upon the workers in the cotton
mills of the south.
'Much has been written in an effort
to describe the abject poverty o£,lhe
southern cotton mill werkers, but
neither tongue nor peri is adequate to
describe the awful wretchedness of
their existence. Men, women and little children, thousands and thousands
of them, are in a chronic state of yov-
tion f/om childhood to the grave.   '
Working in the company's mill,
dwelling in the company's shacks,
dealing at the company's store, owned
body, soul and "boot^by the company,
they are robbed and exploited ta the
llmi'-. Father, mother and llttlo ones
sacrificed to the cotton juggernaut,
crushed and -broken In mind and body,
they are fed to the flying wheels, of
the cotton mills, and spun Into profits
for tho conmpany.
Organized labor, all men worthy the
name, should give their fullest moral,
and financial support to the fight, and
blot out fo rail time this cruel Injustice
to the men women and children in the
ootton Industry.— Wyoming I.abor
v. ith him #11 anemometer, whieh Is nn
instrument for measuring the velocity
of a current of air trawling H an air-
way. When tbls Insirnmwnl r#>gls,i«r*
below the <utto>mt wiuSrel by law for
th» (atrjifift awjiV of obnmltiws »««»-»,
and for tbe sustenance of life, be is
tt? liberty to enforce the law and stop
that ei-etlon of the mine until there Is
«mjii(* air traveling, I would, then*-
ft'iv. iitk, it Ihere
-.<■<.*, mu, ir (here was   not aufflcent
,,„,,„,„„,,..,  ■    ,     •••■•   -,<*!it;liltag power at   Hlllcrest   mine,
bf explorer lv   n* nuke a taneful It»-i **h<H«> fault It war*
<k. rorrt. «,,*„ ,,„,,,, ,„ ,„„,„», ,*,.•"". ^ XS^JSSSA °l.
«annot get his record of experience In
mines,   Theso cards should b« pro*
dueed before getting work In miner
wb-f-r* m»*t sr» found,  Another point
t would like to bring out with regard
to these foreigners, is the fact   that
fthe  officials  or  tho  United   Mine
Workers of America make little, or no
Inquiry as to their past record before
admitting th«»m to their ttnlon,   the
Important point with them Iwlng Ihe
collection of dup«.  I will rnk the mine.
workew hiwftforlh to h« f ro«» »e them- ]
■eivet, as unionism Is the perfection
of all society, ,
f fmld tak* tt.ttp&s myult to a*p>,
linm and wbZ^boM-JZilX*']'*1*^** U^Uw^tSSeVStelV «* **tttr regarding this examlna J
TOXirin.^ m m te-nmS^mSeSS    «? f '«•>*»«**• speak »h« Rn*- '
«lhh??i u   t*   £ 5B   ^f«a«"fHn*Uft^pwurffa.   Th«*r<»fore, It may haveP1*'""WW *»»»   Wow particularly',
.each bed. iu «bK*M^jMj other »«■•; been'tHo.-case that    the cSSnaSftl [*»"" **» *» ""M»»t fhom nu<tt whO;
be of some «m to Un,, inspector wnn in that part of the P*"* *»«* «"»*>»* *» t» *h» oWelals!'
ft-M**.   1, «»,  —*— ,*l      , n'3: *uj„i«*»i«» *rtor t© this outburst, and   ba **•* wadw* seait<«ic««   «seb as ^Jrtr 11
JWent.   It «ni protf the exfstence of iwonkl no doubt   ^^"^.wWwI^der work mines in   old   noantryjl
(*«# ,t_ m ,X AS7A" "11" v1. "".'" "■"**-** 1 -utmt.   wot *tti*i * r«s« as this, ■oi'"?'"*'*!* mim **—ft**. Ht. mm,
|*f thr ttta'rtrt ta eote*!****   9^%.„ f|TI),)T) T,M(  ^    ,   ,, • ^ "w* ^wtn-tt >»X*« ^» »rf,^r*fl vAm..- In    tMi
■ mmim ere mt down.  The hore-holes j the Inspector.  The fw«ji omciill il- •wwtT" «*y b»w wotbed In a matefii
*• of so mako periodical tnsM«tle« of tho or lol tmt^f*. Who knom and whoj
^   'ptsr»o and   air  Hrwnlatlng.   ani If fftJJMi *«* «»*>• twHwwW
ihey find ayn   cans*  for  fftetattee, ^Jfctl'L!rU5tyet   *******   nfltho
-•     ■ ^...utJttitem mkrtmrlrtrtr te e rerr eeevearma-"
«nrr»» whirh may
lilm lmi*r.   our? bnmJioh
put doHB »il| prova the »»<»t*ncw
' f«»l»», into tiHw* pwlfliKWiii ef ««ri
[also their direction,   aad   boar   they
hate effoetw* tha position of the va-
i-ttema t-mt *emtma.
DO you evec'Consider
the importance of
00 the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
0 0
To Sportt Committees
The Fernie Cotl Creek Excelsior Band it now
open for engagements. Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc Apply
THOS. SIOOSi S«cr*fy,   Portif*, S. O,
Oil Vntoen Coal
Q. l.~Wbat do yom know about the
practicability of snbstitotUg oil for
A.—Tbo sabauaeea tmaalty rotsrded
•f S,i,J!5? ,.f!5*1* *****< * ***
etnbt* origin, Al the pmtent tint* mnt
holds tbo fWd en a foot for st«*aim*.
•rating, aasoltlng, HgMlnt and many
other jfntriMMM*. aiUMmth it mist he
admitted «U <o tafclag tbo vmodtmo
la certain sf tlw above, ft is kaew*
tbst tba mino of a fool depend* %*&*
the sawoat of otriMMi aad Hi in***
•bleb R MfttalU, nssasrstht^
•MitisI baa« etettOm slexats. fmte
tiro ttmtntn n mrmtn Dropor*r<m uf
laargaak aatorlal, vbWb coaeutotoa
fko ash. Tbo Mfwimt ef tbo tame. «■
eompred with tit ewnbnattle part cf
with the mtn^r. snd Inform the'mlne
Dasi in mines Is tt btd, and may
eaose as flereo  etSIoatoM  a
Sometimes t dost otplotMNi It	
by a preliminary gaa sxpkMlon; til,
to bo meemt, 1 totMmtints 'ttt
t-ttir, tt re was n,at a tm tt&dn&un at
IfiUevMt, HemeemedsstiMtiilw.
H was tbo tmMned fare* ei enn nnd
dsst. Hiiiri^M v*s »et to sar a dsotr
•its, er slat tkt mspsuor wem
mtn ad-Hoed striokllnt.
Oifoctlf** ssfSff hnBpt tro tt bed
at a naked iUo, W te ibmb nt tttt
«tsM be rem nrnmrno, me tmepe bm>
tm witn ty tbo ssaa la ehargo tf
tU* Itawtp bomo*, who io a tetp
kot sma h1Ih*imm w%h . ,.
lamps for pntbnpt thirty yeara. Utnt
p*«ing through Ms bands, thoy wero
position, In wo first pltet«' bt 6 itt
tot know bow to operate tha flame in
tbo safety lamp, neither dots bo term
tb* principles under which a a My
lafp should he governed. It la Jsst tt
pr bretbor, lafta A, Qslglor, vie mm
mm* la tbo dlsastar, salt to ae a
tew weeks beers, 0at "A tntetr temp
is eoaafa la tbe hands of at taatfe
^WJs not my desire ta wntiag tho
tbefo to ctaso say eettrtfsrsy, bet
«tbor to hsve cho fliwiwwtttt «t«sr
•MJj m*m a tm ynnn of ar lifo,
J^rTtS* ""**""* invert tmtneom
n. s. qptawt.
"'Whsdtass, dfett   \
It yoti wnttt real ly high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
us with your next order
15? District Ledger
Phone 48a   :•:   Fernie, B. C. ajsnaaees
--- s   r7 *'•
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard s
F0 f ii I e -For t Steele x
jBrewinig Go., Lid.77.,
* / ' z
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Strike Leader Bitter
Before U.^ Board
I Hotel
itou're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
•   Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in /
.   Wines
. s,
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?»
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
\ i
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
■ 'Conditions prevailing in the garinent-fc
industry in    Philadelphia   were   described, by, employes and workers before the United States Commission on
Industrial Relations.
The hearing room m the^Federal
building was packed with ^workers,
and xbg testimony of employers was
frequently interrupted -by jeers, stamping of test andv taints shouted from
the rear of the room." Several times
Harris Weinstock, chairman of the
commission, rapped for order anjl re-
•buked the disturbers. *
Jeers came from every part of the
room when Morris Brenstein, president "of .the Woman Garment Manufacturers' Association of Philadelphia,
told the committee that imported laboV
leaders stirred up the garment strike
of July, :1913, and that S5 per cent of
the workers did) not want to strike,
but were driven out and out -by force
Workers laughed sarcastically^ when
Brenstein said the wiige scale in
Philadelphia for garment workers was
larger than In.-any other American
city. Ho asserted that the average
■wage was $20 a week, and that women
pieceworkers made from $1$ to |30 a
week. Other women, he said, made
from (16 to $20 and rarely fell below
iMen and women garment workers
clapped their hands and burst into
cheers when Max Amidur, president
of the jpint board of tbe Cloak and
Skirt 'Makers Union, said dramatically
at the close of his testimony:
., "I wish to tell this commission and
at the same time serve notice on the
employers tbat conditions in the
garment [trade are so -much worse
since the strike that it will take but
very little to ignite one of the worst
industrial explosives in the history of
Philadelphia. If that explosion comes,
the recent strike of twentysix weeks
will be tame in comp-arisori."
"You mean to infer." "said Commissioner Weinstock, "that the shavings
and other materials for a "fire are at
hand, and all that is needed is the
''That is just .what I mean," said
Amidur, thrusting out. his jaw and
banging the table with a fist. "Conditions are .becoming intolerable. Only
10 per cent, of the garment workers
are earning a living wage, and the rest
are vitually starving."
Amidur said that (the average wage
of men workers is from $10 to $12 per
week, but that many men with tam
ilies aj-e earning from $2.50 to $5 per
week. - He cited the average wage of
women as -being from $5 to $7 per
week, and said that girls between" the
ages of 14 \p 15 received $2, $3, and
$5 'per week.'
Amidur testified that the workers
worked from 5 to 6 o'clock in the
morning until 9 o'clock at night, and
that many of them took work to thelj*
I horaes| to do after  9 o'clock  at night	
iFor -fifteen years the humane and
disinterested people of Georgia have
been trying to escure laws to protect
working children.
' Their pleas,ahdktheir disclosures of
conditions that are- a disgrace not only
to the State,of-Georgia, but to the
whole nation, have been of no avail.
They have 'been ignored by those assembled to legislate for the welfare of
Georgia people. They have been defied iby those who reaped dividends
from the children's labox, They have
been tricked "by men who pretend
that "gentlemen's agreements" are
moTe effacacious than laws.
Georgia was the last State with any
manufacturing intereatsHo .put a child
labor law upon its statute books. That
law, passed in 1905, remains today the
lowest standard of any State in the
Georgia is the only State In the
Union that permits children of ten
years to work in its mills and factories, and it permtts them to work
eleven hours a day.
The other cotton mill States of the
south do not allow such conditions as
exist in this, the "Empire State."
It la no wonder illiteracy increases.
It ls no wonder the mill workers are
poor, -wornout, ready for the scrap-
heap 'before they have reached the normal age for greatest productivity.
What chance can they have to better
their condition when their tbil in the
mills begins at ten years?
We believe in conserving our forests and protecting fish and game, *ut
.we let little cildren be wasted because
they are cheap. But in reality child
la/bor is a false economy. Other
States have awakened to this years
ago, and the advancement which Is
now being advocated is leagues behind- the steps which they have taken.
The .bill prepared by The ^Atlanta
Georgian and the National Child Labor
Committee asks that after 1918 no
children under 14 'be allowed to work
in mills and factories. It asks tbat be-
gining in 1915 no child under 13 be allowed to work in factories, stores, as
as a messenger.    It asks that a cer
tificate system like that, in force in
other Statesjie established here, by
which there, can ibe an enforcement of
the age qualification and -by which a
bare minimum of schooling at least
can -be required before the child becomes a wage-earner.
The 14-year-old limit for factory
work has 'been established in every
State in the Union except five,-and in
one of these (-Mississippi) it applies to
girls.      -     . ;;   •
A bill is being preparedly the association of cotton mill owners that
was primarily organized to defeat
child-labor legislation.* This organization realizes that the 'people bf Georgia will no longer Btand for .the out-
rangeous conditions -that have gone on
so long. They are soliciting support
for their ,*bill because they want to
■prevent the raising of standards above
what they-themselves agree to.
The one big issue 'before the legislature of this State,now is whether the
slavery of little children is going to
be allowed to continue. There is no
use attempting to befog the issue with
pleas that complusory education must
come first, or that dependent parents
will suffer for the want of tlieir
child's petty earnings, or that the present law even is not lived up to.
It is the duty of the legislature to
provide an adequate law. It will 'be
the duty of the administration to see
that the law is enforced.—The Atlanta
ii urn
Used "Fruit-a-tiyes" With Tha
Best of Results.
According' to the last official census,
the production of> coal in the whole
world may be estimated for 1913 at
1,250,000,000 tons, compared with
1,245,000,000 tons in 1912, 1,184,000,000
tons in 1911 and 500,000,000 tons in
1910. Of this amount Uie United
States mined about 4 per cent, Germany and England about 21 per cent
each, with France, Russia, Belgium,
Austria, Hungary and Holland following in order.
The European consumption of coal
last year ls estimated to have been
550,000,000 tpns, divided among the
following industries: In mining, 38,-
000,000 tons; metallurgy, 195,500,000
tons; railways 55,000,000 tons, steamships, 55,000,000 tons; gas and electric
lighting, 44,000.000 tons; industry. S5,-
500,000 tons; domestic consumption,
82,500,000 tons. Theso/'figures show
that it is - metallurgy, industry and
domestic consumption which require
the largest quantities of coah-Coal
Mining Magazine.
Colorado Struggle
1$ Nearing End
KlPPBN, ONT.t June 17th. 1913.
"I have been using "Fruit-a-tives"
as a family remedy for many years.
They are -tbe best medicine I have
ever tried.   "Fruit-a-tives" do me the
, most good—they never gripe and th^ir
action is pleasant.
"I have used- them for Indigestion,
aud Constipation with the best results,
aud I heartily recommend them to
anyone similarly afflicted.
These troubles haveleftmecomplete-
ly and Igive "Fruit-a-tives" full credit
for all this. A nicer pill a man
cannot take."
" The enormous'demand for"Fruit-a-
tives".is steadily increasing, due to the
fact that this wonderful fruit medicine
gives prompt relief in all coses of
Indigestion, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Rheumatism, Chronic,
Headaches, and Neuralgia, and all
Kidney and Bladder Troubles.
60c a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size 25c.
Sold by all dealers or sent on receipt of
price by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.N
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal te
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cajnbrldflt Saus*
aatt fer tomorrow's break-
Calgaiy Cattle Co.
Phone 66 Wood Street
P. Carosella
work system prevailed, particularly in
tho shop of whioh Bernstein is president. ,
"What are the living conditions of
these workers?" asked Commissioner
CConnell.1 ' i
"Very bad. Two or-three rooms are
used to houce a family of eight or ten
.... persons   and   frequently  there  is   a
" ■ boarder."
m:    "Some -sleep on the floor and others
Ii In bed, In one house I visited recently
| a door was placed across two chairs.
\ i This door accommodated three sleep-
Wholesale Liquor Dealer   j
Dry Goode, Groceries, Boots end
Shoes, 0-ents' Furnishings
Denver, Colo., July 39.—-.With tne
signing upjif more Independent mines
throughout the State, the striking coal
niiiiers are --beginning to see the early
and successful culmination of ong ot
The strike was
reiteraten tiie aeterminee girl
.Miss Schloss, in charge of the hospital
tents at the miners' camp, and I know
those men are scabs."
-Corporal—*! IH-ei
never   In
from /Major Cabell, who had received
them from -Colonel Lockett; who had
•better j cardfully studied iheni as they came
Trinidad, Colo., July IS.—Allowing
evidence to be destroyed which would
have proved that the mine guards and
scabherders of the coal companies
within the martial law zone have not
been disarmed, Coroner B. B. Sipe, of
Los Animas county, refused Wednesday to hold an inquest over the body
of '.Mrs. Lulu,Richardson, wife of a
mine guard at Valdez, whom he found
lifeless In her room with a bullet hole
In her left 'breast and the empty shell
of a :!0-:i0 cartridge by her aide-
It should be noted that the coroner
of Las Animas county Is also the head
j of the Trinidad Undertakings-company,
Tin ■i!1 wliic,i two ct)al company officials
recently owned shares, and lt will also
be remembered thnt within "Las' Animas county lliure have-beeu J232 deaths
180 by miue accidents, that coroner's
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Xoble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hull second and third Mondays in
each months *
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Halt, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S.. D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
■Meets every other Monday
at 8 p.' m., In K, of P. Hall.
Dictator, P..H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
22,4, meets in Uie K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
W. ORR, Secretary.
Terrace Lodge 1713.  Meet
■at the K. P. Hall   first and
■third Fridav evening of each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRItjlHTOX, \V. M.
J. SKILLlNfc, Rec. Sec.
tloiial  Board Member of the United
If the worker had nothing to do but
make a living for himself and family
he would have a cinch. It's making
a fortune for the boss and his family
lhat keeps him trawled.
{i ers."
J!   "Is Mie clothing taken   home  from
} the shop   sometimes   used   for  bed-
"I have no doubt that It Is."
"Have conditions improved since the
"They are 50 por cent worse. Wages
havo been reduced 20 per rent nnd
workers are being given Intolerable
treatment. To show how wages have
been reduced, I will tell you the money
earn (Hi by one worker over a period of
six weeks. -The first week he received
In his envelope $.1.55; the second
week, $4.70; their third week, 14.65;
the fourth week. $.**; the fifth week,
12.50, and the sixth week 12.25. This
man has n wife and four children to
support. The last week 20 rents was
deducted from the |2.2<i. The fore-
' man explained .to the worker that he
had damaged a lining on a cost."
Referring to the recent strike. Amidur said: - "I did all in my power to
arbitrate -the strike, but the employers
would not listen to uny compromise
whatever. .Mr, llernsteln charges that
this was n -manufactured strike and
thst it was promoted by labor agitators who brought nbout the labor
trouble for their own selfish ends.
Ue said that llie workers had no
section of the State , after employing
scab labor since last September, are
beginning to reaiizeytfully that they
cannot hope to obtain the same work
from theso derelicts as from the experienced coal miners who worked for
them before the strike. Where the
mines have been completely shut
down, the operators have been -con?
vlnced of the greater -efficiency    ot
shape." said John R. Lawson, Interim- over the wire in rode from tlje Secre-
...   , „„ . tary of War who, on his -part, had first j
Mine workers.     'Operators In every nmttn ■imiMv «■■,.» .w„t ■.« h*,*>.j „,.,. I
juries were impaneled in only 30 cases,
and that there was never any record of
rulpn-ble negligence on thc part ot the
coal companies.
Fat and suave Coroner   Sipe   sat in
Sh- tli^nXV^tlfn/orlr »'   « offlU. tart ftt^Vhe *   iaJ
u::;lwtrpcTfV:^irK:ideI!tr!!s ^.r^sr8 wir"and «m
nnd then firmly determined that it was
a case of "obey orders If you break
owners." Down the line went the order from the watchful waiting man in
Ihe White House to Corporal 'Miller
standing in front of the station of the
Colorado & Southern railway at Ludlow, with the result that Zeke Martin,
Union coal miners by the State -Mlneithe samo ZAe that had led twenty-two
Inspector's report, which shows that,mine guards attlrwl In the uniform of
Union mines have produced more than mimia in the destruction of the tent
three time as much coal proportionate
ly as mine tvhlch refused to sign up.
The fact that the smaller mine
owners are signing up with the Union
offers a striking forerast ln my opinion. Heretofore, the large operators
have brow-beaten these small owners
In every way possible to keep them
from employing Union men. The
signing up of these mines now would
seem to Indicate that they no longer
fear the former strength of theso large
owners or that the Independents, as
we, are thoroughly convinced that the
time is not far distant whrn Rockefeller und hix Colorndo representative*
will recognize the United 'Mine Workers of America."
Plans for the convention of the
Colorado Stat*' Federation of I-a bor.
which convenes In Pueblo. August 17,
are toeing rapidly completed.
It ls i-ertuln lhal plans wil be formulated there looking to concerted political action nt the election this fall.
For years the workers of Color idt>
have been at the mercy ot corporation owned State officials, The les-
i.on of the Colorado ronl »trlk<>   mil
colony at Forbes, suddenly found himself manhandled, disgraced, deported.
The train pulled out from Ludlow
bearing the cringing, sweating carcas
of the underslierlff. breathing curses,
"Under the very shadow of the flag,
by Uod."
grievance*.   1 tell you that the men!never be forgotten l.y   the   laboHnn
* Morrissey Junction
An ideal we«k end retort, with belt Ath-
in j and bunting in the district Pint
cltM accomrao.iation. Tbt only betel
in the district.
;\mi numtn du uul *u> unit on »tnke
for twenty-six weeks If they hsve no
•Miss Becky Hteln testified as an expert finisher. Abe said that In good
seasons she was able to average tl?
ami ftt per we«k, bat that the wages
dt the majority of women workers
were far -below that. She said wages
were mncb lowtr than tw<? years ago.
8he said tbat foremen frequently lock*
ed the workers Ih shops and compelled
l)i.u-))h*. tu** iu«M»H-cr«! of Ludlow has
ao Indelibly Impressed on their minds
the necessity of drastic action at the
polls that It is hardly probable thev
will again be misled Into voting for
any candidate* who are pot friendly
and fair to organised labor while they
are aollcltlng vote*..
Arrangements for the mammoth
tabor Dar celebration to be held In
Denver are coming along nicely. According to Information   received   by
A few nillt-K north of Ludlow lies
Agullar and there the train deposited a
square shouldered, dark complexioned
man by the lytme of A. Marians, billed
to deliver a political speech In that
coal camp vlllaee. Two Federal nol-
dlers stowed thc speaker as he was
making his way to the public plntform
and again cxpoj.nl the Inner workings
of President Wilson's mind In the following fashion;
"You're the man that'* going to talk
on Socialism here?"
"Ves, I'm the mun."
"Well, It's aralnst orders nnd
can't do it."
''liut suppose I hold u private meet-
Insr—what then."
".Vo difference," you can't make
speeches hi»re," uas (he final order of
the sergeant who had hi* ear to tin*
groT.~.<l xiA ttpirki; **>• idiuu ili« iitini)-
llng» direct from the White Houhc
Crow's Nest Business
And Academy of Langauges,
J. W. Bennett, Principal
 fiaggAc .arraaged-fest^ny-tinse—
during day "or evening-
Write For Pro>p«ctut
Johnson-Falconer Block
FERNIE       :-:        B.C.
them to work until » o'clock at night. •»»£ •■owmllUw In charg*, at least l»,
«Ho ientttied, nlm that worker* f,*. > «<W workers wl 1! march   Ip   n parade
"She had taken off her shoes and
must have been lettnliiK over tlu> -gun
in this fashion—" (Tbe coroner illustrating tho action with the aid of a
Winchester carbine.) "and pulled the
trlRKer, so."
Asked if thia was the husband's gun,
the coroner made Ui!b astounding con-
"No, Phuve never seen the Klin that
Idllcd tbe woman.  They tobk that gun
away before I came. TMs Winchester
wns found be»lde the dead body of an-
oilier mnn, another case. There seems
to lm plenty of guns left lu (ho county.
Mui thc gun that killed the woman I
never saw.   It might have   been her
lumband's gun--I   don't    know.    He
worked   for   the   coal   company—ho
ihIkIk havo   been   a   guard—I   don't
know.   They say he was found in the
mom trying to commit suicide with i
the snmo gun that   killed   his   wife. {
There was no   trouble In the family.
The boj'h father had commenced unit!
jto have the muriluge of his son uu-;
j nulrd.   N'o, I didn't question tlie father >
|-~l didn't see hint—didn't ask to seel
i him—'It  seemed unnecessary to hold !
'an lii'iuest under the circumstances." i
I    Of this man. this roroner. Coal Mine |
Irmper-'or .InnioH Ualryiuplc h.in thU tu ,
I Hay: j
you i    ..jn   „„   Jf,arg   (jit.r(.   |SH„  tift4.n   ||,
frightful Ini-mmc   In   ucrldein*   and j
deaths.   One man In every flfl) work-.
Intt In the coii) mines of the Rtate Is!
Hl'ed en<"h y'-ar'    Coroner Si|«'* ret-.
ordx nt Trinidad  Miow In c;t*»« after |
eiie «'1wrt> !•  '■),'"' " I, .    '.k i ;, Lilii-.'.
—*-— \    Hut. It dm) Im usketl, tiutt wa** wo-
Houghly speaking, the railroad runs;man that was killed,  not   a   miner— }
north and south, dividing Hk- tnomt-1what does the coal mmpau) gain by a]
fain* from tbe plains, the coal mines concealment of the farts in ttm <•«#£? |
from t»n» camps, the scabs from the «r- \ What Is there to be covered up?  What j)
ganlsed miner*.  The news of the day.  would the coal oiterator* hide?
the ebb and flow of the strike th»» can     They would hide tbe power maga. |
be read In a thousand signs carried by sine over which the iwople of Colorado i
the passing tralna, Is carefully studied ;sr« walking,   the   existence   of   the
by "the know" mpong the miner*       armed mine guard*, read> to shoot the
"*tfor»rl#.   HoprU,   Hoprls- "   thirty minute that the I'nited States troops
Alsbastins Is im.
il/ applied.   All
you mead to ktlp
jrou it cold water
and m flat brush.
Alabastfas   will*
make the bom*
lighter, »«}•
ehstffui and
beautiful ItwiU
J notsoftenentiie
'wall like k.Uo-
mine, Because
sgs, become]
part of tbo wall |
fer many
List of Locals District 18
■(, rt »> *
J 213
11 nu
Namt tte. nm P. 0. Ademm
..„..* «»*«, *,,„*........**ut. Mtttw, i*oer, AN*.
V,'AA.i ,i-1  ,.'. v, i.tt.,.,.1,4, il*n*i.«5.iu*f An*.
Draw Crcwl..,,,.,..,, ,i, Uiitubtnu. J-J**t*r Ciwtk, vin Pincher, AHa.
Mteva-t,*,.,*-..,  .Hmm Ww***., pm S*. tfc-lttnw, Alia.
Mairmoiw...,...,....,, W. C. Christopher*, rilalrmora, Alt*.
Bttrmts .T. O. Harries. Paanburg. Altn.      •
" .fAiASA.,.,,,„,.,..*. -t.Mr^trt, %Mtmtmtm*, -Wm-MM&y AM*. "
•Tito-awn-*  >lli« ba«l""Wfermt, Canmore. AHa.
Coleman...........\., J. Johnston, Col*nnn. Altt-
Corbin., «#o. Kims. CortHn. U. C.
Chineik Mines.  4***. Horn*. < hln«ok. via Uaieond Cltr. AW»-
Parukr. Tbo* t?t*Itl. F*wile, IH. V.
Frank.,.',.. ,..,*„..,,».Rm» Morgan, Frank, Atoa.
ttii*mt>~ ..   .'....   ■   .      11'  V't'*l-"uXi:.t. H<.w,ti.wy, IV C,
iiilkrrm................Jto. Horton,• flltta»mtv Altn,
f »••'*-<»■•'* •''.' ... !„ 'X„u.„ A.X* ,-i,.,*i* «'*. «r*Mtte, -,\. b-etJbbrldge
,1'tork immmtkom. Coaibnmkt Alt*.
.T. «J. lf-%rrf««. Pnmbm% Alt*.
M. Kkw*r. MWieT. «* C.
,* T. «j. ii»irn#», pxmbort, M(a.
, %. Pmei-Mm, T*W*, Alt*.
-Ta;*;, tl\it'x, Cwui'****«-**4». C***»*sMMr**. Art*.
Ururae MiMfl...,.....,Harry McKerta. itordtm. tl* Raeky Mewnt-
X ain llot»*e. AVberta.
i dtd not do so be would lay off all lb* | *?£*** ***He ^^ ***it>m ,he
. bands and close town tb* shop. -Many :«'M«* *«* mu*Z* h"^ *J*» f»rf,v;"
*of tbe tailors, who have families, earn* »<• »«M,™,«» ««• <J«J* mf** to de-
to me and begiwd me t« wort tor tk#tf*M the nt Mona ot Ma seab-berdltia,
sake of tbelr wive* nad children: »iwomen, oairaulng, bona* i*imd*rlm
i m*n in," iwitttln  brUm* th'1  Con«r#sslo«al  In*
"MImh Welti des. liht'd   tin..   *n txtiiiivy
conditiona In eome ot tbe shops   as
' V(i«fhf,'illi.i! <'Cuimftfce.   To din* thl*   Ixv
'j»nd his -tudv Advocate, Major K, J.
coke-carry Ing curs dragged by. to each
of .wliich was nulled tbe Jlttle yellow
tell-tale t«rd  «opri*."    ,
A miner nudged hl» mate, "We* 'em,
Tliere's the bitr Iwik *i koprla. TJsf;
make a ahow of keefrina oat scabs tier-
but at stopri* thev ie* 'em oose Ip, by
the hundred**, work » few days and
then hand 'em tra»t*f« r e.irds sn ttt, tn
m;»M« believe tbr^'ri- uld tlm*r* fltid
the soldiers can t»»*> "rm into any
(•(imp, Wti'rin worm*- *,tf mvler tbe fed*
than  under Ch«M<V    miliila ~»lowiv
■v^orkera hs-i »« «l» »♦"■ •«»«• itt**,*
, i'itia(iw<tH»M Swrii. Amentan.
It*, enr* ibaf vtm to te tbe eo;hw
ito set at hia. meaning, not to find
- teure.    Judnre   |t   afterward,   If  you
'lM#il   *'*ir#.)f 'laiaHf'ftt ■;<» **(, %.,    *.*,*
»***..-,.■*>!*  **  ».r«|i - Hn»ktn"f "Heimme
Silut   Ui,. * "       ,'
r«T%nnii rt^Mv*' hi: * 1 >it:i>
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M't'c   WnrVef*   li*   nf    at.***   »
'■I'.itt,   Hi.It   *\* >;■
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thnt he   fiUl'-i •
TiffrX* !ti hi«  :*'
fir ,**',* r», ' ;n- 1 1 il
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nr.li*.i      T^i- ji-h-V      ■     •   ■
from    ihf^e    rntted    *t*c«»
tiirfi. e*» r ide militia wi* •!>!•
ri>"r»**»/'.ii*-"j»,,ntev,»in *• • .■.'»»,',* •    •
to sen'e    his     He»>iine and knin-lne •!•■ 'lithe r*o hundfed wh".- -,<•*
I.i'*" -      -'   '■■
men.  wf>*neff  and    »?i!t';.*.'1
tn-.. <    ' V i-i   <oiih   Hi   >  |-\'t i'
» W| ;(i."-« 1 lii'H-   ii'JT Mi'- (*»i('i   ■*•  .'i'v
.1* T'h- ini,.-! !>i»ii i'l "•<•> t,'*i\ -.- '• , .*>
/ 1*-■!--■ I ■ * V,*,1- l" 1)1.1. tl.it In<*,i4«'>i.i|' '.r.--l :*
mv.\ -ii<- ," ' .in  ' wli''    i.!i~ii"»    '1j**V'   IV
are withdrawn,
» The sud'V-n return to TrifiM:i*l <4
Walter Helk, chief gunman of Hie fluid
wln-Felti Detective agency, whf», with
0>*»rge IkHlittr, iu-tuiMitied iw tn»!
vlnlewe Of the *fr!k»< |»y '•hoo'i.'ir, <A:
g*i»tr.er Uppiatt of ii»«« I . \\, of A.,
fit the ttreels of Tr:iild»d, U considered nm!noiie lri !!r'i' of the r«-<-<-i,' iii*
rifi-uf-t! of artwi'd mitie gtucdx r«-mh
'«i ri-ntm fhe re«i"i nt •< "t< r Hlk m \
hi» tlt»« go it**, under bond while »
'Ncorp of Clitite *mtie*i"» ■*•"* i-*t***.*i"**f '
,1 ,muu i>  Hi  Uie f,il» AlilllUk    lulinl.V     jail  <H)i»ii
An Alabaetina wall can
be re-coated without remov
ina tha old coat.    AUbaaiine
walls arc tha rAoel sanitary. Thay.
arahyganic. No ineect or disease j
term can Uv* in sn Alabastina wall.
Alabestine ona room, ami yeVfl
want tUai all Alabaadaad.
Churdrt Cold Water
DreaiaaajHetaeshowyMbaao' .
I lifaf samples of Alebaatisa wa>%.
j Mjodb   |*a   m_\o_mo_o   L*gkM» *4*   m^Ak *^a
I   Wkhthamyw-sanea*.
aaiMalMi <
ttnrdwnr*   Pilut***   **d   ttr**it*t*
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in Ptvi',
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nnd one ver> »dd initi<'i n\ '
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ahrvnt:   we mlti bf %bo' ■
fill,.    There  1/  tut rv !
SMMIrb dm
isl.iH*   b'l"   !'' •
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yx-'-y^f-^^-^.-^tt^sit •fA^^X4^*-i"H\wA,'
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Here's Where ihe
Men Save Money
Fine Grade Wash Neckwear to Clear at 25c
Just the finest to be found anywhere nt any price
is on sale here Saturday at 25c. Most of this neckwear is made by a famous New York house with
a very exclusive clientele of Broadway haberda^h-
ers. You can expect this extra choice—it is. And
yet it snust fall in line with this store's policy, and
retire with the other summer things.
Men's Summer Wash Vests
Men's fancy vests, to clear, at 50c each. These
are mostly white grounds with small patterns, taken
from our regular stock of $1.50, $2.00 and $2.50
lines. These will go quickly. Someone will get
Remember, Your choice for only 50c
Mian's Better Grade Straw Hats, Marked for
Clearance at $1.00
These are some of the best grade sennets and split
straw Bailors, selected from our stock of $2.00, $2.50
and $3.00 hats. They must go, with other lines
of summer goods, and will be cleared, Saturday,
at $1.00
Smart-Looking, Low-Priced Baggage for Summer
Oriental Mwtting Suit Cases $1.50 to $6.50
Imitation Leather Oases $1.75 to $3.50
Genuine Leather Cases  $5.00 to $26.00
Club bags, fitted on plain, in calfskin, pigskin,
imitation sealion, and genuine sealion, priced from
$5.00 to $50.00.
Trunks, canvas covered, sheet steel covered or
fibre, from $2.50 to $75.00
Steamer trunks, all sizes,. 30 inch to 40 inch, at
$4.50 to $30.00.
Special 75c Each; Regular, $1.25
Boys' wash blouses in light, medium and dark
colors, assorted stripes, plain and detachable collars; made of heavy percales and ginghams. Special, each  75c
Choose from any Hat left,
sold as high as $12,50
These are hats that formerly
and $15.00, Special $1.95
We offer a special discount of 20 per cent on any
child's coat in stock; any size from 1 to 8 years.
Lot No. 1—Special, $1.25 Suit
Lot No. 2—Special, $2,15 Suit'
Lot No. 1—Comprising boys' wash suits in the
coat and knicker style; values as.high as $2.25; a
splendid suit for the 'money, in a good range of
wash patterns.   Special, per suit , .$1,25
Lot No. 2~Consisting of boys' wash suits in
values up to $3.50; a wide selection of good cloths
and styles; well-made, smart and dressy for summer wear.   Special, per suit $2.15
Infants' ankle strap slippers in patent and tan
leathers, very roomy and serviceable shoes; sizes
1 to 5.   Sale priee, Saturday per pair  .$1.00
Infants' lace and button shoes, in plain black;
vici, patent and chocolate; made with little wedge
heels, in button and lace; sizes 1 to 5; sale price,
Saturday, per pair $1.00
Children's shoes, sizes 5 to 71/.;. See this table of
extra values. Child's slippers and shoes in all
leathers; good foot-form lasts and very durable
lines.   Sale price. Saturday, per pair, $1.65
Girls' ankle tind instep strap slippers, in tan, patent , and black vici leather, odd pairs that must be
cleaned out, made on good, easy-fitting lasts; sizes
■S to 12.   Saturday sale price, per pair $1,65
See this bargain table of ladies' slippers and oxfords. Odd lines at $1.50 per.pair. Values to $4.00
per pair.   Saturday selling price, per pair $1.50
Odd Lines, to Clear, $3.45
A line that we emphasize as a silk waist bargain
-worth coming eiarly to,secure.   It's just one odd
line and odd colors, but the former values go as
high as $7.50 to $8.00.   Special .- $3.45
Was'h waists in lingerie, plain tailored, crepe,
with colored trimmings, ete.; a great waist value,
and one that will require early shopping, as the
quantity is limited.   Special  ..... 95c
A line of wash waists that sold as high as $3.25.
Made in the very latest styles; high neck, long
sleeves; low neck, short sleeves; in muslin, crepe,
voile, etc.  Extra special ,$1.75
Japanned Slop 'Pails, Reg. 90c 75c
White Enamel Slop Pails, reg. $1.75 $1.40
White Enamel Slop Pails, reg. $2.00 $1.60
Grey Enamel Slop Pails reg. $1.75 $1.40
25 lb. tins, reg.t $1.50 $1.25
50 lb. tins, reg. $1.75 .$1.40
100 lb. tins, reg. $2.25  $1.85
Complete Mop, reg. $1.50 $1.35
O Cedar Oil, 25c bottle, 20
O Cedar Oil, 50c' bottle, 40
O Cedar Oil, $1:25 tin,  $1.05
Reg. $1.00 85
Reg. $1.25  $1.05
Reg. $1.50,   $1.25
Reg. $1.75; $1.40
Reg. $1.35,  $1.10 .
10 and 15 watts, 35
2f> watts;  i"... .40
40 and 60 watts,' '. 50
Grocery Specials
For Saturday
Oranges, per dozen. 15o, 20c, SHfc,
Gold Standard Baking Powder, 16 oz.. $ M
Robin Hood Porridge Oats, per pa.... y...-.:,    50
Laurentia Milk, 20 oz, can '    .10
Braid's Big 4 coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs 75
Lowney's Cocoa, 1-2 lb. tin... ft     .20
Snkler's Tomato Catsup, pts.    30
Sterling Brand Extract, 2 oz 10
Codfish, 2 lb. brick.u     .20
Robin Hood Flour, 98 lb. sa«k ._ .. 3.15
Medicine Hat Flour I.T 3-00
Red Seal Jam, 51b. tin 80
Shamrock matches, 2 pa    .36
Queen Olives, bulk, per pt '..    .28
Red Cross Pickles. 20 oz    .25
Pears! Unscented Toilet Soap; 2 for    726
Pride of Canada Maple Syrup, qt. bottle .50
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3 lb 1.00
C. & B. Malt Vinegar, qts ".     36
Okanagan Carrots, 10 lbs    M
Okanagan Turnips, 10 lbs -iS
Okanagan Cabbage, per lb '", OS
Oastoria, per bottle .. .<    M
Nestle's Infant Food,, per' tin 40
Allenbury's Infant Food, No. 1 and 2 large 85
Allenbury's Infant Food, No. 3 large    .45
Horlick's Malted Milk small siz^ 45
Magnesia 16 oz. bottle ,.   .75
Magnesia, 8 oz. bottle • 40
Irish Linen Writing Pad, large size  16
Envelopes, 2 pa ".     .15
Roast Chickens, about 2V£ lbs., per lb $ .50
Roast Ducks, about 2'/2 lbs., per lb     .60
Roast Veal, sliced, per lb 55
Roast Beef, sliced, per lb 45
Roast I*ork, wiih dressing, per lb..'. 40
Cooked Corn Beef, per lb 35
Chicken Pies 50
Pork Pies (small size), 4 for .*...   .25
Jellied Tongue, sliced, per lb. 40
Lambs' Tongues, cooked and sliced 50
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
D. V, iMott, came in from Calgary
lor the week end.
On .Friday evening the Civics de-
feoted the Butchers in the football
league fixture, by a score of 1 to 0.
P. Albo, merchant, of Fertile, left
on Saturday via the Great Northern
Railway, bound for Naples, Italy.
J. D. MoNiven, Dominion Fair Wage
Officer, apont n few hours in tho city
on Saturday.
W, R. Rosa, Minister of Lands, arrived In the city Tuesday evening and
registered at the -Napanee.
Wm. Rutherford. druggists, of Kelson, passed through Fernie, eastbound,
on Sunday evening.
Carl Wermark. of Seattle, agent tor
the White Sur Line 8. 8. Company,
is In the city on business.
iMr. Humphreys, Chlof inspector of
■Customs at Calgary, was in the city
on W«<!ne«day on official business.
In the city fontlmll fixture, the
IJuuhers and Teamsters had a bloodless battle on Monday evening. Thc
result was 1 to I.
<MiarHe Williams • (colored) was
sent up for two months on u charge
uf common assault to u 4-year-old
The usual Fall Fair Amusement
Company has commenced ojwratlons
om tl.e circus grounds mid Mil te-
main here for tbe ensuing week,
A gam* of baseball Is scheduled be-
tween a picked local team and a te*
tnsle aggregation that Is touring this
locality, for Thursday evening.
Tbe Coal Company defeated the
Scouts in the City Baseball League
*m Sunday. The official »eor«r did
not have sufficient pa par to keep a
record of all the runs thai wet* made,
so we cannot give tke re*»ilt
John Franklin Mcintosh, appraiser!
In the local customs house   has    *-<••
turned irom Winnipeg, where be hss
been holidaying for   tbt*   past   two
11  A. Wllke* l*H this morning oni
tbt* c. p R„ via Spokane nud Seattle
tbr tb* coast, whwe   his   sot), Tom,
who accompanied fetm. will undergo
medical treatnimtt
Vount Mavwell, tbt* nwi*'f» met-
u»i ot let oie, arrived kerne Tuesday
t .initi# (rom Nelson. Maxwell ex*
peets to arrange ** bmrnt hat* tm tk*
near future.
I*. It l'"tiTi*M>. general auditor af
»>* J'"* ..ui.utnu H*it*»y, Mitn
headquarters at St. Paul, arrived In
the my on Wednesday, and will be
hen* for a tew days on company bual-
Th* Crow's Nest Pass Coil Company, Ltd.. have leased a number of
the rrittm-'r .-ak*,'. ^nu **.nl Mat'* U
being taken from the Coal Craek mines
to he MrtivcMH li'ir* r-nki* tit tbitt
pin** j
IKeborate preps?** tora   are   Mas!
made for tbe Moo»o picnic, wbleb ta toi
be held at J5!k» oa August Sri.   Already several hundred tick-eta bave
**#» a©;%   an!   weather   permitting,
tfifs Df'-nfr X.U k tte event at tte
The fire brigade had a call on Monday morning to extinguish a small
bush fire in the south end of the town.
This wait tbe second call wl-tbin two
days on account of bush fires in the
same vicinity.
The firm of Thompson & Morrison,
undertakers, who have been carrying
on that business here for the past four
years, bas been dissolved, Mr. G. B.
Thompson of tbe old firm having acquired tbe business, by whom it will
be conducted, in the same quarters..
A. B. Roberts, wife and children and
B. Ranking and wife, general manager
and superintendent, of the Lincoln
Wood Lumber Company, Fortlne
Mont., motored from there aod spent
Sunday in tho city. They were all
high in their praise cf tbe O. C. roads,
especially tbat between Waldo and
Dan McDonald, of Hosmer, was sent
up for trial by Stipendiary Magistrate
8talkcr on Snturday. The charge
against tMe-Donald is aasault with intent to do grievous bodily harm, he
having struck one A. Nicholson over
the heard with a rifle. Nicholson's
skull was fractured and the butt of the
rifle was broken In three pieces,
Tlu ixttsiuloii '0 tti<i electric Hutting system in the Fernie Annex Iiiih
been completed and the residents of
that section now enjoy well-lighted
streets and houses. Tbls extension
cost for material alone 15,000. In addition to the above noma new equipment has been installed in tbe pow**
\tuti-t. lu Xtiu tutu, oi uxuilui 1, nud
A number of Ureal Northern Hallway officials, among whom are R. J.
Smith, Nelson, district freight and
passenger agent; F. K. Vale, White-
tlth, Mont., special agent; J. A, Mann,
Spokune, relief agent; and J. K. Cole,
Wlilttsfith, auditor, are here checking
up account* in the local offlc-e. Henry
llawkin, (1. N. inspector of scale*, and
C. O. Uraditiaw, trainmaster, nre altui
here on company business.
A double wedlng l«>oVt place at the
MmhodUt parsonage last TurMtay.
Messrs. William and Robert .Mc-
Keown, brothers, of Michel, were the
bridegrooms, and, Miss Uertrude lied*
dlngton and Mltx KHiatmb Ktaita
were the brides. The happy young
couple* took In thn circus ai part of
tht! woddtnic feitUvliUMi, UUU iheu left
for .Michel, whero th**y will make
thHr bottles,
Md. Hnlllnshead and Frank H-ntltnu-
bead, msiueuts ot XStmt lernie, were
..J,  :,-J9,.n-- J   Hi-it «>'■»(
Ing KtoU'ti a Ifflther belt from one of
ibe planers of the Blk Lumber Com-
pany. Tinny mete alloarwd out on bail
Bt $380 each, and will come up for
prelimlnoTr hearing on Monday.    In
9*9 ***•---- -ft..    -'*..,«   4*9,4, Ktk-tt* tt**-   * **** *9.9*4.. 1
-Constable Hoardman is to lw congratulated on tbe clever capture.
A summer shoo! will be held at Aldridge, iMoyte Uke, August ith to Hib,
under t !•.*■> ftunpiew* of the Methodist
church.   An enjoyable outing is combined witb ix tin* ebtinrr to a'ttdy mrf
inj,.i,in*. tmt*** ««-<|iialiiUt.<f with the!
modem  problems    of w»c!a! reform,'
prosrMMve movements in renmnm education, and the all-around  develop-!
ment oi the  youth  of \k*  rmntry, '■
Ammo the speakers at tbe school are i
tke ftev.,IJr. Thomas, of i;imao!o».;
I»r. Wbite^ of N«w W-hatminsutr. I»r.l
**»iif.n>,|, principal! of Columbian Col-)
lego. u4 Ms. A. V. Wu*- •«,*., ^ ca* ,,
Ptry. |
Judging from the numerous, protruding nails in the city sidewalks, it
looks as If the city ftttters were in
league with the the cobblers. (Many
are the complaints from the pedes-
trlaas on account of Injured shoes and
toes, and torn dresses due to this nuisance. A little attention in this respect -would be highly appreciated by
the public, and it seems strange that
when so little expense would remedy
auch a grievous evil, It is allowed to
A party of half a dozen boys ranging
from 12 to 14 years of age, ran away
from tbelr homes, with the intention
of touring the world. On reaching
lilko, about 18 miles west of here,
they were examining ihe machinery
of the C. P. R, turntable, wheu one ot
thti»v) venturesome lads, Harry Bast-
wood, a boy 14 years uld, sot his foot
caught and as a result received a very
serious Injury. Two of hit companions
started with hia to bis home In Fer
nlo, going along tbe 0, N. tracks,
where they were aeen by the crew of
a coal drag. The train was stopped
and the boys picked up and carried
Into Fernie, where the injured lad
was attended by n local physician. It
Is reported that two bones of hts foot
nre broken. ~
The Fernie Italian band put nn an.
fcYCPllent program on Sunday evening
an Victoria avenue, wVcU was as follows:
Selictlon, Rlgolotto, 1/ Verdi.
Urord   selection,    ito'ierolm   tflrl,
iKnxHkh), by Balfe.
Grand selection, Merry Widow (Austrian), by Lebar.
(Jrand selection, .Maritana (French),
by Wallace.
Overture, O Ireland (Irish), by
Uod Save the King.
Fernie has two excellent bands,
that any city might well be proud of,
and a little encouragement along financial lines would be highly appreciated
by the member* of each, and the com-
munity In general, who enjoy listening to their niuik.
Judge Thompson will bold county
coon on iMonday, August 3rd.   Tbe
docket m It na** stands Is aa follow*:
S. samiucrman--Charged with ob-
-Uunlog goods under false pretends.
T l"hrlnah-<Theft.
W. ,» Lmi%- Assault with Intent to
do grievous bodily harm, and alxo escape from lawful custody.
K. HolllnstiMd—flavfnr etoleti
nmifim nt ui» pome—ion.
V        U..".Iuli.yiI    Mi'Aa       ..xA'Jj
pond* in his powteaslon,
II. McDonald—Assault  with Intent
"0 •*!<* irfctotf* boiiiy '-L.u a*.
J. Jarereeh-Unlawful wounding.
Or*ltain-.(Appeal) — Polluting  Ml-
National Drug Company vt, fllea»
dall. •
Murray va Evans.
Kommer va. 'Mclean et si.
Falrchmgh vs. Itlxon,
Norman Frasor vs. I'edlar.
T t'?b<?! A Co. \.i ft'j/uui.
In loving memory of Owsr©. Martin,
who was kllM at Hiilrrei- uine-i,
.fitly Ifc, IWft    We are nn tb* mtn
growing up In the night, in the moraine we nro cat down, tried %p a«4
U. A.L. WAH.Its,
1131 Vafan Str»«t, Vanconv-er.
Labor unionism, throughout the
world is making great strides numerically, to the serious apprehension of
the New York Commercial, which, taking an international survey of or
ganlaed labor, at once proceeds to
view with alarm.
Great Britain, it finds, baa this
year passed Germany in the number
of trades unionists, with 3,813,983, as
compared to 3,317,271. It gets some
consolation from the fact, however,
that In this oountry tbere are but 2,496,-
000 trade unionisti. or only about 2.6
per cent of tbe population, while Great
Britain and Germany roll up 8.4 per
cent and 6 per cent, respectively.
Then cornea the observation that
"the danger of a consolidated labor
voto, or any vote thtt represents apecial interests, is beginning to threaten
all democratic governments."
Leaving aside the Impudent assumption that "special Interests" are not
represented hy republican and democratic votes, and that our legislative
bodies are now Impartial and repre-
tent all Interests equally, It is worth
while noting the suggestion of the
Commercial as to what It considers
the "remedy" for thU dangerous state
of affairs,
It Is the old policy of "divide and
conquer," somewhat feebly, but none
the less distinctly suggested.
The farmers, It declares, win oe
among tbe first to suffer from this
consolidated labor vote. Already
thero haa boen legislation exempting
them and trades unionists from "penalties Imposed upon others by the antitrust measure aa pasted by tbe lower
house," For the Commercial declares
that already the labor unions ara talking of establishing agricultural labor.
•re' unions, the I. W. W. are threaten.
Ing tbe farmers with the terrors of
syndicalism and laying plana to have
the wheat harvest rot on the ground
in the grain 8tates by depriving the
farmers ol agricultural help.
The antagonism between town and
country Is thus worked for all It la
worth. Oot the rural and urban work*
Ing populations fighting, keep tbem
at it by continually sowing dUtnsst
and Jealousy, Inventing and fomenting
causes of quarrel, and tke capitalists
can rob balk with safety.
The farmers have had their own
troubles with "them Wall street fel-
lert," who have robbed thom In a
hundred different   waya   for genera-
Hone bn*k     la 1* ta    tne   elaaa tk*
commercial pteada for, will gat more
«»*: .ri ii.* Hitaei usup ibnn ibo initx*
ert who grew it, £v«a admitting, tot
the sake of argument only, lhat the I,
W. W. have laid plana to have the
crops rot on tha ground, It la no aora
than  these  capitalist  gentry  tbem-
-A.*,*    _*,*» . *w*,«t*.k»    mtma,    tMtu,
menytlmee. If tbey taa se* no profit
In moving the craps ««,*• tkar ret,
and many times they have literally da-
strayed enormous votnmea of food
product, to keep ip Ihe prico of the
Organised labor aad the farmers
tiavft one common csuse against the
exploiters who rob Ibtrn both. At
:[u; .1 k uu> .um Uul uwlutf our
system of "devil tak« tho Ms-lwoiC
tke interests of rural aai «ffeaa wem
era apfmsr to thnn, tmt flora ia ao
basic quarrel U*tw««u tb«m~no antagonism that hat not been Invented,
timmitd nnd tnteetntd by -rapliaMW
tatemafa. Creatine soeh a mlsonder-
standing between the fimntrt awl tke
trade aalealsts kaa tag taot raeog-
nlied as a valuable means of maintaining the exploitation of both.
The danger of a consolidated labor
vote ia not threatening democratic
government*, for the good and sufficient reason that none auch exist.
It ia threatening capitalism instead,
and now, aa in the past, tbe only policy
that Institution can devise to meet
tbe danger is the old Machiavellian
one of "Divide and Conquer."—N. Y.
We cull the following from Reynold's Newspaper, and must admit that
it ia ono of tba funniest stories of
suffragette strategy that we bave
ever read. Evidently the officer considered the dignity of the law was
best maintained by preserving his
own sacred person from the vulgar
There Is one vory unhappy policeman whose beat ia In a well-Jcnoiwn
South London suburb, Laat Sunday
evening he arrested two suffragettes
whom he caught acting suspiciously,
noar a church. He marched thom
along, ono by oach hand, both hammering away at hia arms in their
endeavora to get treo, He stuck to
them, however, until another auffra-
gette, who had followed up, lifted hia
uniform and cut his bracaa from behind. In hia anxiety io prevent further disaster, ha waa forced to slacken
hia grip of the ladles, with tbe result
that thoy got clear away,
A tmmimr of "lUyaolds*" staff, who
happened to meet him on bla way to
the police station, asked what wa* the
matter, and he replied, "Thoao d—
suffragettea out mr braces." fhe
unfortunate constable haa not only
been chaffed by his brotbor officers,
but the Incident has got to be known
among tho youths of tho neighborhood,
who, whenever tbe etpy bim, •bout
out, "Braces." It ia laid that ko hat
askod to be transferred to another
part of London.
Hera are what Presiding Judgo Pant
J. MeCormlek of San Franeiteo kaa
announced as "Thirteen Mlatakoa of
To attempt to aet up yonr own
standard of right and wrong.
To try to measure tho enjoyment of
others by your own.
To expect uniformity of opinion In
thia world.
T«  e«tf   ♦•»   fnnV*   nWi-lw-m-eem *t*m    tm.
To endeavor to moid all dtapoattlooa
alike. *
Ne* to yield to unimportant tritit*.
To took for perfection In our own
lit **v*tt *t**,m*taa *tt<a istMate »**/**■
wkal eannot be remedied.
Not to help everybody, whortvor,
however and whenever we caa.
To consider anything impoosible
that wo eannot ounelrea perform.
•To believe only what onr flkttt
mfnif t*nn jfnttp.
Not to mako allowances  for  tbo
wealmwut.f-.* nf ether*.
To estimate by tone outside anility, when   it is   that wltkla arklch
■ashes tb* mm.
The latest news from Ohio Indicates
that if the councils ot the officials are
faithfully adhered to, In the near futuro, peace, with the full right* under
tho anti-screen law, will prevail all
over that State.
, The men who are leading the miners
of eastern Ohio, or, rather, a part ot
them, Into impoaalble situations, are
tho only real enemies we have to fear.
These dlsruptlonists would make Impossible the joint agreement movement; would onco more throw us back
into the condition of industrial anarchy that prevailed beforo the Inception and recognition of the joint
agreement movement.
.To unreasonable action on tho part
ot tho workers, thore can only be one
anawer: Despotism, backed by tbe
opinion of an outraged public.
The men who are demanding the
closing down of tbe pumps, which
would mean the destruction of tho
mines, aro really their own worst en-
While there ia no attempt to scab
the mlnos, it Is easily understood that
when they reopen wo also are Interested In their condition. The flooding of
the mines would mean that those ot
us who have built our homes around
the mlnea would lose even moro than
tho operators, for our all it Invested In
our homes.
Let th* miners who nra Intereated In
the eastern Ohio field assert themselves, Ut them ahow these fellows
who have coma into their field to In-
fiuencn them to luelr own detriment
that they know whom they represent
and their ulterior motives.
For, is sure aa tbe sun shines, some
of these men havo come at the instance of the operators in nonunion
fleida to disrupt your organisation; to
load yon Into the Jungle of mutual distrust and hatred.— U. M. W. ot A.
Will every member read this:
I.   What bave I done   durlujr  the
Cat alx months that baa been of any
ntflt to tba Local?
J. What would become of the Local
If ovory member had dona exactly at
I have done?
S. How many times hav* I been ab-
sont when I could havo keen present
If I had made an effort (0 do ao?
4. If I have been negligent, la It
because I am at fault, or because the
not of tho brothers dont do the4r
1 %. km 1 ffilnf tft e-rmti-n-tie tii tba
same old way, or am I going to atari
* Am I in partnervhtp wi»h Ike
rest of tho members In running the
business of tke local?
. 7*1!?* ***«• torn, m*. m>
Wo vm mmmttt. mi m two  per-
romance, at trkiek m nr* Infmmed
\ntm* mt tbontand pawn »|il prat-
Union printers appear to havo con-
eldsmbly tho boat of tho Methodist
Bplocopal clergy te the mattor ot
wagea net old ago panalona. Tbo report of tho board ot eonfereixte claim-
uta of tbat denomination gives tbe
nremm inetm* of tho praaefcers as
|M7t aad tho average pension of tbe
aoperannated I1S1 far the year. The
pension la paid alter t biny-tlve oi
active eervlee.
Ylo latornattoaal Typographical
Union, tariffed wth tho chlralric motive of helping those who need help
moat, provides a pension of $S<0 a
year for Ita nsperaaaated, aad ky lit
mltdnrfty nwt nettrftr bnt ■brotrgfr? the
mmm oarnlaga of Ita member op to
fl,t» a year.—Typographical Jownal.
Classified Ads.- Gent a Word
TO RENT—iSIx-roomed House; pantry, electric light and water; alao five-
roomed House.1 Apply W. «1nton, 87
Lindsay Ave., or Lodger Office.    227
WANTBD-iShoe shiner,  steady  Job.
Apply. ■Pantorltrai, Fernie. 226
POR SALE—A stardard typewriter,
almost now and In perfect condition.
Apply at this office. 230
POR RENT—In centre of oity, five-
.roomed modern house, moat kitchen,
clothes cloaet, electrie lights, cellar,
toilet, etc.   Apply 168 Pollatt avenue, city. 229
DR. SIMMONS, L. D. S„ O. D. 8.
Dr. Simmons, L. D. S., D. D. 8., dentist, Bank of Hamilton Building, opposite Trites-Wood Co. Vancouver
Re South half (M.) of Lot Bight (g),
lllock Seven tJ», ternleCity, Ma; 7;i4.
Whereas proof ot loss of Certificate
or Tltlo No. 12922A. to the above-men-
tloned land, Issued In the name of
Alice Gertrude Lyons, has been filed
In thia office, notice is hereby glvon
(hat at tbe expiration ot ona month
from the date of first publication hereof, I aball Issue a fresh Certlflcato of
Title in lion thereof, unloss la tho
meantime valid objection be mado to
me In writing.
Dated at the Land Registry Office,
Nelson, this 24th day of July, 1114.
Deputy District Registrar,
No event In tbe history of the labor movement haa so forcibly tm-
preaaod the workers with tha necessity
of united action and solidarity aa the
massacre of nineteen mon, woman
and children at Ludlow, Colo, April
20, mi, Thn story of how the hired
assassins of industry swept down on
the peaceful camp of tho etrlkere,
mowed them down with high-powered
rifles and machine guns, burned their
homes to the ground, and how John D.
Itockefeller's oil fad flames buraed to
a erlsp the llttlo tmdlee ot #»•<«•«
children, should be   road   by every
The only autheallc   story   of   tho
maaaaera was written by Walter  «
mk, director of publicity of tbe Colorado miner., wbo has ban oa tho
lob since the strlko began, September
•u, ttu.    *.
Too ran secure tbe took, postage
prepaid, by aending a money order
tor 30 cents to Walter H. Flak, box ,
1575 Denver. Oolorado,
Tho Northorn Pacific railroad hoida
timber lands liven M by ITiwN ttntn
out of tho public domain thai aggra-
latea lumber pettlMtttte* et It.OWV
tm.xm leet Where do the railroads
get their poll?
Thirty-five officers and men et ttm
Htat* mHitta of Colorado have handed
In their resignations at a raaul-. of the
action of their associates.    Compear
-r»" uf me romndo ygtfotuT Guar*
baa been dlsbaadod tho Federal Gov-
ermrnwrt; *..*.■■
^aMua-Ms^i-.-- "


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