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The District Ledger Jan 17, 1914

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 tr-    - '&~7i,'jA:^■■:xx^x,nS:^..,' .^ *■■  sy \<$y> ,^y\\ ■
Industrial Unit; ia Strength.
J/ ■*
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. Yf. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 21, Vol. vn.
$1.00 A YEAR
1 '
The Civic \Jections
 ■*■*■* -*t,
--Gaizj Mayor
Uphill Tops the Poll-All Old Members Re-elected
Tbe -elections are over and for another year tihe citizens of Fernie .have
decided wbo shall handle their civic
affaire. True, ithe change is not appreciable and the same -policy Is assured. It would be foolish ami idle to
deny tt, but the hotel section have
control and will, naturally, look to
their own Interests—tbey cannot do
otherwise If they desire to remain in
business—brutally oandid, but nevertheless true; (However, tbey certainly
did no womae than other Councils aud
if all improvements suggested are carried out, tinea the -citizens generally
will mot have much kick.
Tommy Uphill beads the poll for
the second (Urate with a substantial
lead over tbe other candidates, and
Jackson, bottom -man 'last year, made
tbe running Cor sixth position. Aubrey
Snow, secured 115 votes but not a seat.
He should make ft .next year. Wm.
Minton secured 95 from the Socialists
and O. Briclnson 81..
Morrison gave Gates a jolt and-came
as close as 39 to securing tbe position
of chief -magistrate. Morrison -was a
useful mau on tiie Council and had the
knock of disagreeing with tbe majority, which Is often a useful leavening.
tFoHowin-g is the new Council and
tbe reading of tite poll:
*GA7BS .
For Mayor
Majority    38
Spoitt      14
»T. UPHILL  278
A. iMcRBAN   208
•S. GRAHAM  198
•A. RIZZUTO  183
A. Snow  115
Wm. Minton    95
O. Bricksoa    81
For 8cboel Trustees
DlOKHN  198
=m-\wwwSw fH    • «■* ••*•••**•?*•• V=»      lw *=
Brooks   170
FIT* three elected.
In tbe oouree of s conversation with
Meyer GeAee tbls morning, ho inform-
od ue that be ta4 not exhausted ble
fund of Mprothjneuts In connection
,wttb ftooity,. It is bis Intention to
Author reduce the electric light rates
untif die profits are reduced to about
ttaee ttoooeend doitars. This should
be * eonaiderable help to the amell
consumer, ead we trt-ist Hie Worship
will ace ble energlef to tbls end.
AU Iboee wbo beve not complied
with tbe sanitary by<4aw nnd made Iy>
•ewer eooneoUone, will be called upon to, Complete sans thle year, and
(■Iliac compliance with tbe by-law,
wHl be prooeeded again*.
There ere a large number of ac-
counts outstanding on the ledger for
tight nod water, and theee will have
te be collected eo tbat tbe flnandal
•Main of tto city can be kept In good
ehape. There le also a lane amount
outstanding for Hit taxee which have
The Council Intend this year to 41*
root ttoir attention towards improving
tbe etreete and tddewalka, and a toeel
toprovenwnt by-law wis be Introduced
to ralee eaftteteat funda to meet tbe
requirements of all petitioning for .
eMwwalk taproremonta. It will aasJat red
the ChuneM greatly If alt petHione ara   "
to by tbe end of Mareb. -
Ttoeobway tmder tbe 0. N. track on
Cox Street will be considered, and tbe
matter taken np wttb tto railway com-
peay. Should tbe Council eocoeed In
getting thia subway, tbey will be doing the people in tbe Annas grant ser-
calls for a little explanation, 'however,
from us, namely, the -statement that a
saving had been made in the publishing of the financial statement. The
Mayor might have added that considerable saving has been made in city
printing since ithe same was put up
for competition, and if there is any
credit due at all tn connection with
this, we Intend to appropriate same
ourselves. The Major's remarks as to
alleged extravagance in the Jail were
greeted wlitoh a lemon from the gallery,
which rolled on to the stage and laid,
for the rest of the meeting, under the
table. The audience was .by this .time
sufficiently interested to peroelve the
humor of this little incident, and a
roar of laugbter greeted the appearance of the acidulous fruit. At tlie
conclusion of the Mayor's speech several questions were asked, while the
irrepresslbie Dave Rees would not be
satisfied until he had tbe City Clerk
on tbe .platform, much to that gentleman's discomfort, and piled him with
a few questions regarding the salary
and the "side Issues" attached to his
office. After this, Frank Bean and W.
W. Brown also had questions to ask,
but the Mayor did not seem to appreciate the questions by the latter gentleman.
J. W. W. Morrison was the next
speaker, and immediately started to
denounce tbe late Council, which was
rather unfortunate for him, as he hap
pened to be a member of that body.
No doubt Billy meant well, but his repentance did not appeal to the entire
audience, and he, like the Mayor, was
subjected to some exasperating quizzing from the gallery- It was pointed
out to tbe aspirant that if conditions
such as be stated existed in the Council during the past term, then lt was
up to him to have made a bold stand
and laid tbe same before tbe ratepayers at that time, and not waited until
he appeared as a candidate for Mayor.
Alderman Rabichaud, who was
greeted with applause, came next,
and while most of his speech was lost
by interruptions and cheers, he created a,favorableimpmsion, and bis fin-
Alderman Riuuto made his appearance, and immediately opeued witb
the question of. gambling. Having
atat^-^.gambling,did not necessarily oojtslft jm the-playing of cards, etc.,
fhe <jjdernet£nM%-fc»<iiiggestlon that
Instead of gambling in outside reel
and nurse! ettate, the workera Inveet
tbelr money In tbe town of Fernie.
His speech could scarcely be regarded
as convincing, and was looked upon by
tbe majority present as being one of
the necessary fiU-upa to tbe comedy.
"AI's" interpretation of gambling appeared tb be similar to tbe evolutions
performed by the spring lamb, and
his remarks may be taken as serious-
Call for the Eleventh Annual Convention of
District 18, U. M. W. of A.
To the Officers and Members of District 18.
You are hereby notified that the Eleventh Annual Convention of District 18, will be held
in the Labor Temple, Lethbridge, on Monday, February 16th, 1914, commencing at 10 o'clock in the
Your delegate or delegates are particularly requested when booking Railway Ticket to purchase a Single TicJ$et and ask the Agent to'furnish a Standard Certificate. This is ver^ essential
as arrangements for reduced return fares cannot be made unless a sufficient number of Standard
Certificates be procured.  .
We would respectfully refer you to Provisions embodied in The International Constitution,
also Art. 7, Sections 1, 2, 3 and 4 of District Constitution which fully explains matters pertaining
to the Convention.
Enclosed you will find Credential Forms and you are requested to forward the original to
District Secretary-Treasurer not later than February 10,1914.
J. E. SMITH, President.
A. J. CARTER, Sec.-Treas.
Coal Company Lose
Culshaw Appeal Case
Jury Disagree in
Bowater Case
William Bowater, Jr., a seventeen-
year-old boy, was arraigned in the
assize court yesterday on six charges
of riot, unlawful assembly and riotous
destruction of property. It is alleged
that he not only took part in the disturbances of Augusa. 13 at Extension,
but that he led the crowd that ran-
Kacked Mine Manager Cunningham's
home and set It on fire.
The crown concluded its rase yesterday afternoon, and it is «?x*peoted
4hat the jury will rptire early today.
The defence is an alibi.
James White, a fan engineer, was
one of the chief witnesses for the
prosecution. He told of tho burning
and destruction of property. He found
a bose in the garden, and aided by a
good pressure of water, succeeded dn
extinguishing tho fire.
iMrs. Johns declared that she had
witnessed a number of men approach
the Cunningham home led by young
Bowater, who, she said, broke in the
front door.
Little 'Blythe Crozler, who was
hardly tail enough to look over the
edge of the witness box, told of meeting Bowater and several other boys
on ithe road from Nanaimo. w,here she
had been.
John Hamilton, called for the defence, said that Bowater was at his
house aiding him in preventing his
house catching fire from an, adjacent
structure which was burning. Later
Bowater went away. Robert Hamilton and George Bramley also testified
on. behalf of the accused to the effect
tbat when he was alleged to be in
another part of the camp he was with
them at Bromley's home.
William Carmichael, a farmer, also
gave evidence. He hod been in company with the accused boy for half an
hour previous to his going .home. Bowater was at that time half a mile
away -from the scene of the outrages
in which he was aliaged to be taking
part. %
Bowater will given evidence on his
own behalf today, after which the
case will gt> to tbe jury. He was liberated Oast night on $10,000 bail to
ensure his safe appearance in the
morning. The boy, when arrested, was
refused bail i and spent 117 days in
jail awaiting trial.  ■
pale with suspense. In an emotiooaUy
•tense moment tbe foreman answered
tiie oisuai quesfton.
"Gentlemen, have you agreed upon
a verdict?"
"We cannot agree."
"Then I discharge you," said Mr.
Justice Morrison, in his level voice.
Willie Bowater is 17 years oW and
there are against him six charges of
riot and riotous destruction of proper-
ty in Extension on August 13th last.
In spite of the disagreement Mr. Justice Morrison declined to renew his
bail, and he was taken to jail.
Another Arraigned
Earlier in the day, while the Jury
were weighing the evidence in his
oase. another Gxtension boy. Ernest
Morris, also of the mature age of 1",
was brought from the jail to occupy
the dock which is never vacant very
long these days. But the defense in
his case was not ready to proceed
with the trial, so the boy was taken
back to the jail. His trial will start
tomorrow morning. The charge against,
htm is riot. He has already been tried
at this assize for attempted murder,
but the jury disagreed. His retrial will
take place soon. •
K ia not anticipated tbat there
abouftd be aay Increase ta the !»U
twee. tot H t&mili not weep* tbe at-
teotien of Uie ratepayers that the pro-
poeed redaction of protke Iron the
electric lift* may mean aa lacrosse
oteay, tow ealll on teieUoo.
The q»—Uqm of eehool aceommode*
Uoo will oot. It te tboertt, eaaae aay
tnwbte tile yew, bat ft la poerible
U»t tto tratteee will aek for «ffl.
cleat to Make ea addition to the An-
Hfc^^       m^mJtmm^Utmt-t^-\
ir tto Mayor eaeeeede la putting
throo* all ttt above projected lette>
latfoa. to wm here earned Um^wmI
wat ef pfeetk*!!y ill eltlieae ef rn*
ale, mi feeeeees Me return to office
atoiM to Maud afala aeit yeer.
Aa 4e taiwwMHT. two or three days
prior |» tto tf tr ilHitm, • pebttc
meotlac via held oo Monday night In
tto Onto TtoMte to five tto proe>
psatfre oendldetee for city honor* en
Inceisant calls for Thomas Uphill at
last brought him from the obscurity
of the rear, and Tommie mounted the
platform and apologising for appearing, having regard to tbe faot thtt any
comments he might make In support
favor of the late,Counoil would reflect
upon those candidates of his own class
who were ranatur on behalf of the
Socialist (Party. However, he felt that
there wu a certain amount of praise
due the Itte Council for the very «fft*
eien' manner in which they bad conducted city affairs, and explained the
t-eeeon why he had supported certain
adjustments to the electric light rates.
He had aeveral question* fired at him,
but aa he previously explained, he
aeawered theee questions not
'Mice, but many times during the
course of the year, and consequently
proved himself equal to the occasion.
William Minton, one of the parties
placed in the field by tto Socialist
Party, aeit voiee-d Ms opinion* Hie
remarks oould not be called complimentary to either the Mayor or Alderman Rlnuto, and to waa kind enough
to inform the audience that the reason
why Alderman llitsuto was so antag-
otxWik to for*ign w*t cetate might bc
explained by hie (Rlnuto) desire to
aee a IKtle more of the money spent
in tbe hotel or pool rooms in which
to wu totereeted. Ito qoeetloo of a
subway under tbe O. M. track on (v*t
Street wm elao teoched ea.
omphatl tuny thtt tto ff^
iecft w« set "by" any meane imprao-
Tto neat speaker. Oaear Bricknoa.
who alee espoosed tto Socialist oaaee.
earn ait Tory flat-tooted aad straight
with his remarks aa to what hie policy was, what be stood for and whoa*
Interests to Intended to aerve. That
the numcroea supporters of the Social-
Idfet  n______*l_f immi ^^^m^^±   **^-m*  ~-.-mM-* ——■ -9.499.a
hy  (to apptanae that  greeted tto
William   Jackson   waa   th*   nstt
speaker, and atttoagh to wu subject-
" to a treat deal of good-homered
Quitting, norofttoliaa ma it
eanatte remarks and aoorad two
three good points with referent
Great improvements are noticeable
ln this house aince the present proprietor (Wm. Johnson) took charge.
The front has been rebuilt and* redecorated, end ia new well lighted by
the addition of some hundred lampa
or more.
Special feature fUme and vaudeville
have been attracting large nucjiences
during tbe week; * while a -program
equally enticing has been arranged for
this week. The Versatile Trio ia a
humoroua production. "Sweet Revenge," which is billed for the week
end. will, k is stated, be funny enongb
to make a oat laugh, or produce facial
distortions on a native-oyster.   .
The th-oatre li now comfortably heated and weU ventilated, while the seating accommodation ia acknowledged
by all to be "second to none," Flick-
erless projection and tlret-clasa features la the slogan. Screen can he
•een trom any poeition in house.
Mr. Johnson hu tor the paet eleven
yeara been a resident of Neicon. and
very active among timde union circles,
baring held the position of preaidoot
of the NeUon Tradea and Labor Council lor three yeara and eehool true-tee
of that city. He hu purchased tto
Orpbeura Theatre outright.
Mr. Johnson haa bad considerable
experience In the picture ahow line,
ond the fact that he hu purchased
the building should convince the res-
Ideate of Fernie that he rouat have
great confidence to leave the "Queen
Of the Kootenay" and settle here. We
with bim every aucceaa In hia venture, end feel nu're that all union men
will give him their patronage and rapport
The Grand hu had their share of
patronage this week, and It la evident that the considerable improvements made by the preaent management are being appreciated. On Wednesday evening. "Uunty Pulls the
Strings" wu played to a full house,
whoee frequent applauae wu ladiea'
tlve of their eppractation. The management of the Grand have only to
secure two or three ehowa of thii nature to establish ttomeelves permanently ia the public's favor. A first
eiaae program of pietune ta offered
for Saturday. Jan. 17, Including a
comedy-dream entitled "All on a Hummer Dny." "The Dawning." Vltagraph
epeeiel ia two parts, "flreeebo Hill and
tto Sheriffe KM." a Western feature,
aad "A mtmf In Waa»onda." an excel-
but*   ju^fcuh-Jne
■w   *rwMi-meniif~
The maaageosat also announce for
Meadsy, Jen. 1*. the following excel
lent protraa: "A Secret of tto Safe
a three-feet drama of
aware, Ib one of the snow slide compensation, cues and wu brought by
the widow td recover damages. Justice Thompson'found for the coal company, but granted a. stated case. His
Honor Justice Murphy Instructed the
arbitrator to tind for the appelant and
a verdict of (1,500 wu awarded, but
the Crow's N'est Pass Ocel Co. appeal-
ed and the i. sa wu reheard last November, bnt judgment reserved. The
court of- appeal have dismissed the
appeal and tad widow wins out.
There will be e meeting of the management committee ln the Secretary's
office, at 7.80 p.m. Sunday.
T. UPHILL, Secretary.
On Monday next, Jan. 19, the Crow's
Nest Butinesa College and Academy
of Languages will open up In ihe John-
Bon and Falconer block.
To use a hackneyed expreaeton, auch
an Institution should fill a long felt
want throughout thia district, where
there are so many young men and
young women to whom a bualness
education la'so essential. The usual
subject* will be taught, via., bookkeeping, stenography, typewriting, English,
and In addition thereto French, Gormen, Italian and Spanish. Class Instruction In English to foreign speaking people undoubtedly will appeal to
a large portion of the community, to
accommodate those working on varying shifts, sessions will be held both
day and night.
The principal ot the school la J. W.
Bennett, or whom but little need be
said because of his well known reputation throughout the community u a
linguist and scholar. P. IL Spaulding
has associated himself with Mr. Bennett and will supervise the tuition in
the commercial branches departments.
Thia gentleman has had business col-
log* e«|M»rlenr» both ln the United
8tatea and Canada.
We bespeak a fortunate future for
this addition to our local educational
Jury   at   New  Westminster   Returns
Verdict of Guilty in Case of Ben
Dominic of Extension
10.—One hour's deliberation by the
jury in the special assize count here
was sufficient to find Ben Dominic
guilty of riot on all six counts against
him. The jury we*it out shortly before lunch aiid returned at 2 o'clock
this afternoon. This is the second
conviction in the Extension cases.
In summing up, tiie court carehrily
counselled them against in., any way
connecting the accused and the charges against him <with the union to
which he belonged. "You must not
hold any organisation responsible tor
any illegal acts of its adherents," he
A meeting of the Veterans' Association will be held in the basement
of the English Church, at 7 p.m. sham,
Sunday, January 18, 1914.
Balloting on new by-laws; report of
memorial committee.
All members are earnestly requested to attaid,
G. Q'BRIEX, Secretory.
Mr. Alec Beck, of Taber, hu been
the guest of his brother Tom during
tbe week.
W.*R. Ross, M. L. A., wu a visitor
to town last week, returning to Victoria in time tor the opening of the
legislature on Thursday.
We ere .pleased to report that Mrs.
J. W. Bennett, who met with a serious
accident recently, le reported to be
on the -highway to recovery.
Mr. Folger, special adjuster for the
Fire Underwriters' Association, was in
•Uie city thia week In connection with
the recent Ore at Baynes Lake, when
the general store of Mr. Dunn waa
completely destroyed.
Joe Grafton, of the gra-pe fruit and
flg beH (to wit, Bellevue, Sunny Al-
■berta), wu in town thia week and took
tn nho fight, Joo thinks that if the
proeent wwther prevails, lt wil] be
safe to Introduce orange and tig grow-
Imionthe aUuvlel soil of Bellevue
W. L. Phillips will leave oo Monday
to attend the sixteenth annual convention of the Western Federation of Min-
era, which convenes at Nelson, on tbe
20th of thle month. He will represent
District ll. U. M. W. of A, «s fraternal
Don't fail to bear Kev. Dr. Cbown
in the Methodist Church on Bunday, at
11 and 7.30. Dr. Cbown ia a recognised
Jury Falle to Agree
The 13tfc of the month is an unlucky
date for young Willie Bowater, mar
ture age of 17, of Extension. On the
13th ot August, bo say the officials
of the -crown, tie assisted in the de»
vastat^oa of Extension. Today, the
13th bf January, the Jury trying Um
In 'Mr. Justice Morrison's assise court
here could not agree, and he must be
•tried again.
His trial began yesterday and this
morning his own evidence finished the
testimony for the defence, for which
he iwas the most important witness.
J. R. Hind, counsel for tho prisoner,
used all his powers in an appeal to
the jury, declaring that the evidence
against Bowater was not sufficient to
Rstlrt for Five Heurs
Tho Jury left the court room at a
quarter after twelve. The presence of
the prisoner's family in Uie court room
touched the portentious moment of
the jury's return with deepest humanity. It wu flve4hirty. The twelve
men had spent five hours in argument
and dispute, .The boy prisoner wu
Intense Suffering from Cold in France
mously Increased
Paris, Jaiv 14.—Several deaths have
occurred in Paris and there is much
suffering among the poor owing to the
bitter weather. The temperature dropped to 23 degrees Fahrenheit tonight,
the lowest of the year. A piercing
wind prevails, with occasional flurries
of enow.
The pref-ept of police Is arranging
to pBace large coke dree in the streets
for the homeless, and 'Is distributing
food supplies and fuel to the needy.
hi the -south conditions are even
Many Deaths
LONDON. Jan. 14.—The cold snap
ha* increased the death rate in London by nearly 50 per cent, one third
of the victims being persons of 6fi
yeara of age. The temperature is only
towering at the freesiiig point, but a
Bfter northwest wind now promises
to mako conditions almost unbearable.
Oanadtam, who ere hers, sigh for dry.
oold of their native or adopted lend
even If the newspapers are publishing
alarmist cables about the "desperate
condition of thtt people in the arctic
cold now -prevalent in Canada."
Miners Quit Work
On Transvaal
Rand Miners, by a Two-Third Majority, Vote lo Join the Movement
Started by the Federated Trader-
Government Retaliation is Swift.
CAPETOWN',   Jan.   I.T—A   gir.eral
strike through South  Africa wa» pro-
authority on rochl and cennom!" sub- f«*Iiilm«! rontahf. by th* Tn*1«>--*t Fe*1»»ra
[ty honors wa   „_. r , „,v„ .„„.,„.,„
....  _ tbelr past r»- bow tto OHjr Ctofc put one over
Oi.Mw ***# wf w»»»«»n> ***t**fH **\*f*t**r** n**n. t,v> r*r„*9i* J* »*.„,,•,»♦■»■-•.«. ...m   *■».,
coojedy that will make ymi scream.
At the seventh annual meeting of
the Western Coal Operators' Aasocia-
tion. held at fernie, January 9. Lewis
Stockett general  mperintMidsM  of
| the ooal mines branch of the Natural
jReeourres Dspertment. C, P. K.. w*t
(•leetsd prM!d#»t; J C. R#M gsn*f«t
{manager of Tto Chinook Coat Co..|
.Ltd.,  Lethbrldg*.  Ah*.,  was elected
vice president; aad W F McNsflt, of
later (Celnry. Aha., was elected eecmary-
a -trffftsurwr tor the ensuing y#er.
The Aasociation is composed of coal
jects and is a live iuum with a real
message. Ur. Chown Is tbe general
superintendent cf th* .Motbodist
Church lu Canada.
Mr. Edwin Moon and Miss Alice
Franc*?, both of Ooal Creek, wwe married et the Methodist Parsonage, on
Saturday. Ju. io. The young ooupls
were assisted by Miss Mary Young
and Mr. K. France.
A merry party gathered in Corbin
on Wednaaday to eelebrote the ores-
slon of the marriage of Mr. J. W. Redhead and *mm Harriet Frew. \Wh
afternoon end ovening wtrt* riven ui>
to festlvitiee ead the whole Knallsh
population of the csmp joined In making tb* day memorable in CorW.v#
Mr. *r.d Mrs. Lovl Allan arm lea-dug
tomorrow tSsturday) for Nsw 'Am*
lind.   It is the Intention of th«> Per
tmp we tmwstww
tion, and the Hand mlrx-m. by n two-
thirds majority, voted to join in the
movement. (iov<*rnr»<;!;t»! n-talL'tiion
was swift. It took tbe form of a proclamation of martial law.
This was the only step th«- authorities btkttved adeqiiHte to meet the situation, for the strike ot the miners
means not only thw turning loose of
the most turtmUnt spirits in the Hand,
but raises the whot** question of the
position of thi* native workers. If the
mln«-i» Mutually oln*y lh** t*irik** ordor
tfte government will Immediately tak<*
Mtepn to send th" riativtt under «■*«ort
\mt.k ui tbi-lr Kraal*.
This mean* that about 'M.,w*(i m
thee must bo marrhed back by road
to their homes st i-nortitous cost. It
* ill b* must illff U u'a, *iti t i i.' «•:.«! *,t
the strike, to r*«rniH them attain In
brief, auch a rtep would m«-«n dtmstei
to tlu- Hand for many jeur*.
AlUiouKh <iffi<Ui n-jfon* into, Jo-
hanne-tburg show Improvement In the
otb'-r rts»
the strike leaders should nenoln la
The strikers are now making ctren-
ous attempts to bring out the running
staffs of tho Cape Colony railways.
All strike meetings today wc-re remarkable for the moderate tone of tbe
*:*;«'<kkire, tlio adikid tbt- :u*u tu prv
WH-d with the orgs ni tat ton of th«ir
own pol't* lores and kwp the peace
imi well that th>* in-ria-mious display
of force by tbe government would be
made rldirulous. The government la
already threatening to institute a
press censorship as strict u prevailed
in war time.
David 0. Powers, Hiving Evidence
Western Fuel Caae, Weeps on Re-
collection of Imprisonment
«riew«rwtatMwMttotrlate*atleato|HiM)eeat rate aate.
.ale Aw tae e-sAtes wi' «^* w#u. md mi ■
Om mm Um to get* la a little ptMk*
My mettt of their own. We connote*-
■nt af ite sa^idatee of asoo-
SH^VB*^Wdr     Wf-W    VwlP    ^^W^T'W***^***^^^^.^^     UW     -^^r-w-mw
act|* aad If the imtepayers would only
realitt the ahOWe* of the various as-
Umt* la Ml tto aMJMeet doubt tbat
Feral* wo«W eeetafd a aHmlHpal tw
which might peaafMy
fhtsseaMf wttb a distant tat
Mr. W. It. Reeding, of Uie C p. R.
vn tto clmlnMa for the oeeesioe.
a.n-f ft* mittm*', hi* iffWinl of b«»rtn}; _■*
H0W war reooceo
it*, ly*-* i*i >.UMK itiUWHiHm m t-iw „_ _
mow*, citse hscimw, etc.. tae ists'm^ ^mi fnr t»l$ an* l*
! managsm-ew reperta aa eiceptmeaily i   Th<J ^n** in AllMMta bMoogleg to
mm*. j«, is^a ^riwn, muHSVILttJS^o Xf..^biit,A^:t^! 5 .ffl^TtSS
nlo Socialist Party to make a pre-
,    ,     ..,.„-_.       ,     . .eentatlon to Mr. and Mrs AHan «>rtor
^ttPn-Hl%uiif.Ai^^!i!^1!* u*ir *****». and we trust all tm»n i»rvi^. m»«, u*m
tm imtian -uwnntnia, e-ne tae proeuc- (-artio mn will tmon band t« wt,«h them i«r«e«« #w •*»»« »»«w«r-.«<«..
;• ■" _\ tr --I*""-* '■ Jr4 "'T'£^1-JA9 *""*!» ewe mm sycMiy tourot) to taetr ne»
ol coal in »»18. and tt Is espied thst J -trirUr m b^Hf of "the Rotdaliat PsV
ineraued whea ur, end K is fitting that sn ap«wwt4a-
Ilea of Wa «•»•»•»-•■' t nli.j>'M b*: made So
HAN FRANCIiCn. Jan   12,-i)n»id
O l*owt*m, wtttMw« f<,f >)■+ preterufloa
in the trial of tb-n Wf«tern FttH (V»m-
Mtiv, briike down trwfay and mpr' A'lt-
Ing his eKMMM'iamlnstton -»h*»»t it wee
n+r+mmry lor him to refee herlr te
thf tkn** whtft hr «.*«rv*vl n utt mnnifm'
jt»nn for attempting to »im»f!ff!e f»j>l«m
i-mhorf fmt» a harg.» Powers testlfls*
that, foltewing hi* *rre«. bl* father
•m ■
• bnv.t»  ".*» •- r f+w
t km ttt th* terHM* twmn**
-      *    *■       ^—      fMMIffcllih ■   it      few     Afc*      ■ ■■ ■■■■       fe-^M   *  ' *■ * 4  * *<-*.***•..      94:l9*l,m    m*9mi.9l9l„ tl)t 4*4 :'■.,    9.^9,9dt      |||-M     tlfM*.
aeqalml by conquest.   The male pep-     m mi9t^Jt -v_nttmtm, the Muni   iMfeiri- a
te lllack,"* a fouMwei featare, will be j wiga-tHi
A very <jul*H
ir  »«.* t t-l* imi'
ttttnl St*»ti»»i«*t Tew*»
In   V-ttsI   the   •••«»• Ion   t«   nn«
gnmt ttimnri.   Prartleall/ no Inf-rrrma-
-iter, {a a- *ar.*t :kf -iitji *?.» •*:,»;. l*:.i,*v. y.
ths Orange Fi**» tttate*. tu»t imt»"nv-)-'
tsu*M tht-r** is not r*i'bsid«^»d prnhable
Krom    **"""    rti*ii.9-r„    ■ <  t       ■*.*• ,*•       •
iw4»b fhe IHelft*- M»*it «*>A««..».<n rr~-.
ri, limity tor   trimniins* «o«l
VWkm    ••-MtMtHMM,,   •**«.    ,.,+..**>   l*»f | mtMm   f|M,   an*f   fxy   n(   J,eN    ,(Hl!,t     ^.t-
d«nc« «# Mr. I. v>   .Violph. of ito)*-* jtb«, ,#IKinm^ fr«*m Uw Indian 1«s<I«t.
Lake,   l».  C.  *h*r.   Mr    \h-x.. *»mxt uHwliu.   ttet ttm
Mtetion of that portion of MeM-donta.
fllrklx^k sr* «♦ present j l/>w. bimlneM n.sniast'-r of the -f'ar.a-
'be -rlty «M»trw«"t to watv'dlsn *>5«tnlpmt»nt «ft;>r-l* «'«   f*f fAwn-
la   Haigariett   Thrace   onlr   W,***
meles r+rnnln om ef e total tofwr-* tto
w^m.. -• -•-- _a_ «l_.4-- j. AuiW ol 4»».CW», white io the rtiet*rwt
fteto* or eseeettag Ms d-tw. tn thisj^, Mlfto0ht ^mto, where flgbUng
Tha Mayor aewaa-4 xhm *.*%n wttb •*
few reamrhs dlreM«4 mainly upon tke
Rasartsl atoteeaeert #f th* ****. wMeh
mmtalaed ample proof (-from Ms view
pelatl that tto late eotsmrtt had dene
cansldseably more for tto rssidsots
t-brntt Wltorto    "
smlm mm It-tl mt 'ol WW*
HOLt;H TON. Mk*.. Jsa. 1C-C, It.
Meyer, peeeldeat ef tto Waeeera P##-
eratioa of Miners, today waa indicted
far txHH&mcf, together with ettor of-
ftn** enmm^nr m«»fw tMtttf of ttm nht*rwtfrm
fail of exciting iwidsats from * a
»ii ffnfub Vo I'vfru, ^!ur«'v i.\ I*
rnede. Ttt* management
ttr Wetter fhswt'a "leanVf
ttttdrp Ttewi* are ft*m ot ««
not Mmtltar wHh this histork tumm
tnd yewag sad eld will wt.M in n-
mm acueaiauac* with the "IHointur
lts»t" totlght and tto deaghty an:h«ry
immortallted la tto famous  novel.
low. wan «niti-»! !'; n.xt
KathltM'n Wa ltow>. u .:
Th* w»w*«w»n>   '-*.i*» t-<
v.,,.  U,,*.
ml ii*
*i*h m\%*
Of   I'lth.r
■■'.! Uy the
allotted lo Bulgaria, waa reduced dur-iSJLT WL IT,. .««.JIrii, «« ^ti.7,
from •".art  whlrh *
"   U  t.i..-1'.u   '.X  Ay '-!'."■■■   .ir*   ■■"■'■.I--'* ' ,   s--    is. ,.   iu*»,..'..   v    ,,     , s-    .-*. ...   .,,,. j,r,*,.,,m it,^«k--r,   Mt.y--.l i.ti<
snnonnrin..mHnt th*- !«-*t in erfry i*sp»<^. Tb# \ l^mdion, Om.. «».«. is **'.*-n<v.t.g a >^r*!hM*lt|Mi,r. worUr** ai'rtV**- !-i' Hn-vu
»r    ttt9   **„''f\„*h   U    •*   \. MM'-fiit   flf.«.   «.*.rri*    -I'"'    '»     <-!*     Htvfit,      „■  -i     4   ■■ - -■     •»****      V   -*• , f
a* »ho nrt*  ■■]■.'*■•*■■) *■ -      -t*'*'i ,,-f "fn^V*- >'■*-* tw«i." '*'i*m*'-,;.   tfiiiho'.',,*.    . , :< "   .-■*.   r! .;:■ lit? *  ; 	
wl«h n*ww nntfrtrms. snd
<>rl»! and werkmatDShlp. i
r*> permitted to Inspect,':
<!',"■■■  ...I-*   -"-''.l-
^■;j»«.iv«!    r*'»lit!t»li' *•
»>fn«-jm-»H !j> th«- iwiun* agjitii-tt th»»ir
ai'li-Vii»»<.-«s would L (lc«»j.jK^t during
•■li** i»r«*ivi trcMibli-. Ufiwrn! l/i-.n*
IkMha is saiil to tuid «!w!nrf«i that lu*
wtmUl "tninrati*t** wn* «■«<»! •,*-(■ <■•*.. t nf
Tto Isle fcevpe ep its rtpatstloas im (wiiiw»
tfm hf"*se «n»f ft«*«t. ui
'■tir-n %*■ turt-it wMI ha*s '*m wh«n * Amoisg tbe f#w fr;*«*n4* j*ir#^»**«if tn~n*
nr-***A ':■■ "''-"'"-r f-f* 'mtA-t-* Mi-ssrs* ' K, W M**M-n,l»-« uv:*t x\' Vi tu.%*. of
l^'tttrlf *   WrkN^h at* artist* et i-Teiaarr.   The fottotf fr,?*** (<••?♦ «mttw»
th-f-ir t*»u..u.."*», K-wpfey only «*tt»D«*#at JfJrta-i .Veethseis tr-nX +• '.', -*,m. f» r
firtn«t«" '.*'lit asd work under mskteIMaoln»* ami ■Mh*t .-.'t* *•*'  Imttr*
for tbe iasary «l a
. '.Ui.to..
ft«*ft|iag wtth th*m
.Vi'^ti, im**} .a
MediUtle* Hopeless
IV^-Hrnr runi fc'.fti '..-»*.*-n th*- «■«>>,'-
frwtnrnt'o mtpportif-** ;*mt the sfrikfr**
and tto thnhcti of '!«:•»!>*t«-tlm ■» pr»<*>
tie-ally hnpnhw.    fti,-. •tip^aw tvnt*.
th# tn**. * t*h*M of ajtos rraat*«d an apif. !<:'**« ion corapellir.*
•A^-aUkUMMiltk    it|   91,',*     t*UW    Whv
An easy met hod br which the Wmt-
•••»■   IV  fnty-.r,•,.'--.    ■*,,   X* . *-i   *.i   Vtli-
ibfin**Ki4fAitf*l v»ri-f.n» ftt**mer* wn«
to flirpish the  YMMM*l'v   »M5!ir#»teflt«.tlV«i*
iv* - *K   t**i*   t'li*   i twr -**i,-. n. *. '■&   fi-Ytt   t*-i*r*t*,*-i
tmn   nt   it'.**   trmi   ttmrmH*-'   detlVfTW!.
it<.wiv»r. Powers wild that man*-
tim»fi tlm r-aptalns wouM iN-nd s«»m«-
'■|«-«i*»r tui-ftir^tna-t-f mllor who **fnM
ri.it ivrlfc }*!<. <)*■« riom*" to rh*«x-k Um
*<'l«lits. Winfehts. h*. «»1, «i-tv» mrii-
jiHuil bt th*» mmpany's own *«vtghef.
T*i/' fn*--) '■/wnfrtfiT Mff) piwioi**»«it in
Uul- •'    II;   IM  1'A.nr-*   in  lil'i'!,ik';t.k  Itlrtl
ittfiAr-tf tho entlftMurs of tht* intmw****
.^1.**.' *3» ..U I. 4,1   .*** .W***..^ ..^.i***,,
Vtm, nt Uniti**ii Uiul i; i, Keit'h. nn**-
' i* rfifettf'apt, *»ti?d tsikif' ft.t* enginM-rw
:'i"i. \.s i-jib-.u ii-jj*l *it« to tln-ro, Whih-
t%'n ■witi-rUinnw-iu wu* !n procn-ws
Powem «atd. -othw w*-lgto*r<i of th«<
""'frtftif w*rt ton*',':, ♦•rgsgi'd 5tj swine thet thA »f*w! «r>m tthor»'9-*^rti4-
♦il iTWpi-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER; ;Mgtmi5, B. 0., JANUARY 17, 1914.
■f. us.
->*<,.'*-v-*V- -■ '-fe"-
-W'V   *£ « . ^   ,...   r^*i--
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn.
'.Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie,  Box 65V.
Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. (A, G llarton.
K. of K. S.. (.'has. Hiihn-r.
M. of F.. Robt. Dudley.
Meet   every   Monday  at   S
p.m. in K. of P. Hall. M
Dictator, T. Uphill. M
Secretary, W. F. Vance. M
Machine Mining Vs.
Shooting off the Solid
By William Abrams
Mine Superintendent, Colfax, Iowa
A paper read before a meeting or
mine managers of District 2, Des
Moines, Iowa, December 7, 1913.
Bar supplied with   the   best Wines,
Liquors, itntl Cigar?
Coal is one of the principal mineral
resources of Iowa, yet few appreciate its importance in the industrial activities of this State. .Many lose sight
of the faot that while Iowa is but a
small factor in coal production of tbe
coal mining States, there are thousands dependent on these little coal iu-
ilustries in the competitive field
against the larger and more moderuly
equipped mines of neighboring States,
which' are fast forcing their product
into the natural territory of Iowa coal,
because by the modern method of ma-
| chine mining they are able to produce
' and prepare a better grade of coal at
reduced cost, which has enabled them
to place their products in Iowa territory at a better figure than the Iowa
operator can afford to make. Hence,
to keep in the market the only remedy
for the Iowa operators is to apply a
miiung method that will develop
in ines and prepare their coal at a tost
' that will enable them to compete in
the market of this State, at least.
Tlie writer will try to show that the
future of lowii minini; depends upon
the co-operation of the employer and
employee in bringing about an amicable arrangement whereby science applied will be proved ihe most sanitary,
safest, and economical.
Eminent geologists advance two theories for the source of.coal, viz.: ID
the*coal was formed on the spot where
the forests grew; (2) the coal was the
result of accumulated drift. All agree
that it is the result of. the decomposition of vegetable matter. The theory
most generally accepted is the former.
cr a combination of both, although in
some instances it is perfectly clear
that areas of coal have been formed
by organic master drifted into lakes.
The laner theory coincides with tbe
formation of Iowa coal, as it is evident that the organic matter drifted
into the basins ridges and submerged
gorges. This accounts for the irregularity of the seam, both in character
and location, which is quite different
from most of the coal fields of eastern
States. One basin of coal may differ
somewhat froni another in finality and
of nature of over and underlying strata. Therefore, different methods of
operation have been applied to suit
conditions, viz.: long-wall pick, mining,
room-and-pillar pick mining, and what
is termed "shooting coal off the solid,"
room-and-pillar plan.
The latter ni-Khod was not considered miiitog in pioneer mining days.
Catarrh Entirely Breathed Away
While Patient Sleeps
A manufacturing chemist on the
Pacific coast has perfected a com-
-poH»d-#Gm-the-Isaf—©f—*h«—Australian Eucalyptus tree, menthol and
other well-known therapeutic agents,
which is proving a wonderful success
in the treatment of catarrh.
The remedy is sold under tbe name
of Mentholyptus and it is breathed
by the patient while he sleeps.
Prom the great results we have
seen with Mentholyptus we are so
sure that lt will help almost any
case of catarrh, cold In the head, or
bay fever, that we will give your
money back if It does not benefit
We havo secured* the exclusive
agency for Mentholyptus for this
locality and we are proud Wintro-
duce this remedy here.
Therefore to open or to make shots
practical tihe coal in room was cut the
entire distance, which mado it possible for the miner to have practical
shots ait all times.
The results of the experiment sobn
became known, and the method was
naturally carried and adopted in mines
under less favorable conditions. It
was then discovered that the method
impaired the health and safety of the
miner, caused by the excessive use ot
powder and inadequate means of ventilation, wliich was insufficient to render the gases harmless so as to enable the miner t'o clearly see his dangerous surroundings. Laws were enacted for the provision of means for
the safety of the employed, which was
necessary in order that life and limb
be protected. As time went on inexperienced men from foreign countries
drifted into the mines and the science
and, in many instances, the room
oaves beyond repair, and with material loss.   -
There is another detrimental feature to the present method, which is
the elapsed time from the time the
distinctive blast is fired until the
props are reset, usually 16 to 20 hours.
The roiof that withstands such stress
must be of extra, good quality.
What is the system doing towards
eliminating fatal and non-fatal accidents? While the improved working
condition, ithe once per day firing and
employment of shot-firers has beeu
the means of improving the sanitary
condition, and -eliminated to a certain
extent accidents caused by shots and
falling slate white the min&r was
grappling in the powder smoke, you
will find that accidents caused by tells
of slate are more numerous than they
temptibly small, that they. arVbljnd to x
their larger interests. For,-of truth,
.their interests -would be better served
were the wages of the workera to bo.
raised and their hours of employment
Tbere is a class from which 'ttie
thugs and detectives are drawn—the
lowest class in creation—lower even
than the tiger and the wolf—finding
place only with the hyena and the
jackall. If hell were to spew forth dts
vomit, from its very lowest depths,
from its very cesspools would come
bhe human dreg's that in lifie composed
the army of spies and assassins wtiich
the dominant class has ever invoked
to preserve its unjust privileges and
hold its slaves in bondage.
At Calumet we see all of the forces
oi society that ar-e determined that
the worker shall not escape from Ms
condition of servitude, united to keep
him chained to his task. The very
same conditions are revealed, as were
seen w-hen Garrison and Phillips were
thundering against chattel slavery.
Then the exploiting classes hesitated
at nothing, not even''murder and the
denial of every right and liberty guaranteed by the constitution, to silence
protest.'*  *      .,*■■■
The brave and  fearless men who
were in former days.    It is obvious ..      „.    ,       ,,    .    ,
of mining gradually drifted into the | that the method is disastrous to tbe   ros*.t0, P™tefl against slavery were
most abrupt method of shooting coal,} employer and emplovee. mobbed. _ Some were murdered.    But
which has proven disastrous to life.     With the -described conditions that 'e2l™Z, ^U-Su!!e»i0!!. ;!?0L!?*fev,eri.
and property. have drifted into the mines of Iowa it   """"" '"       '""	
The writer has had 20 years of ex- j is time that all parties interested in
perience in the mines of Iowa. The | the conservation of life and property
first 14 years he was employed In the* J awake'"to the fact thai science must
"shooting coal" district. He was an j be restored to the mines in order that
anient worker for the betterment of j life and limb may be protected, coal
mining conditions. While now employ-1 conserved, and the expense and pre-
ed in official capacity his object shall) paration of coal be.so arranged that
always be to advance tlie most con- j the.* unities of Iowa will be able to hold
servative conditions possible. In thfe j :.heir place m the coal market.
past 15 years remarkable improvement! ITow shall. science again eater the
has been shown in the conditions of f mines? Will the miner fall back to
the mine worker and the sanitary con-! the method used by his forefathers?
■ dition of the mines. The once per day ! Xo; ho more'than the farmer would
j shooting was the grandest step to- i fall back to the primitive method of
wards safe.iy  and  sanitation  for the : farming.
mine worker. ■     In thin advanced age anyone famil-
It is u> he regretted that the miner: tax with  the progress of mechanical
has lost sig-ht of the fact that, in order \ devices   in all   branches  of   industry
can answer  the  Question.    The only
solution in this enlightened age is machine mining..
Therefore,   under   the  joint   move-
to continue on the good work, science*
is essential to conservation. The up- \
pet-most thought, in all industries,
should  be  the conservation  of lives.'
to safety, care of property, and pre- *
paratiion of marketable fuel.
As staned above, thc miner has gradually drifted away from the science of
mining.   Hence his daily producing ca-j
pacKy is uncertain, by reason of the
irregularity  of the shooting  quality;
and the lack of proper preparation of j
■shots.    In  order to maintain a  unl- \
form daily output at the miiie it has ■
become necessary for coal .companies -
to employ an extra number of miners;
to overcome the possible fluctuation i
of the tonnage, which means a large j
development and maintenance, hence,;
increase:1 expense.   Owing to the un-'
!n the pioneer days miners were chief- i certainty of the shooting quality under;
and the second the conservation of * 'menit, it us up to the mine worker and
naUiral resources. i tin* operator to say  whether or  not
■ The abruptm-ess of the present meth-j life ar.rf property shall be projected,
ods of mining undoubtedly is detri-1 Shall the miner of Iowa advance with
mental to the .proper development of * the times, and stand side by side with
most of the coal basins of Iowa, also! his competitor in' all the necessities
ly English, Scotch and Welsh, and
mining was considered a trade. Therefore the mining was carried on scientifically, even in the heart of the present-day "shooting coal" district. We
have no record of the fatal and nonfatal accidents in those days.    There
tO- 1 vit-Brurrw   vV-rrv ■■tL5^»*v iiv^*-©1* ""***■»tiiwv
method must have been safe. Between
the 'seventies and 'eighties, in the
best coal mines of Mahaska county,
miners who had experience along the
line of driving across the measures or
qbarrying conceived the idea tbat the
hardness of the coal and fair roof conditions made it possible to try shoaling coal off the solid, and with good
results, with the exception of creating
considerable waste slack coal, Whil?
the new method proved less laborioup
to tlie miner he didn't loso sight of
the fact that a little science was yet
necessary   In    preparing   the   shots.
the present method it has become necessary to work one man in a place
that, tinder normal conditions usually
was   worked   double,   which   means
of modern improvement for safe and
economical mining?
Thiers are various types of mining
maohines in the market and the competition of the manufacturers compels
them to employ tbe best mechanics
and inventors to Improve their mechanical devices for tite highest efficiency in working and simplicity ln
construction. A machine may be purchased that will suit almost any condition that may exist in Iowa, and
there many mines which differ from
ar.otbnr. Tbe mines having excellent
"starting coal" and excellent roof are
fortunate. This argument would not
appeal to them, but those who are la-
boning under the disadvantages of roof
condiiiiions too frail for the present
method  of working will readily see
that machine work is the only relief,
more working face, hence "more *ex:l The writer has visited mines in
pense. j Iowa which had machines working in
,=The "shooiiing coal" seam runs froni i coal that could not be  worked  suc-
height. Few mines are able to have i He was deeply Impressed with the
coal worked under three feet, and, in j mechanism and operation of the ma-
many instances, four feet, depending i chines, which are of the Goodman,
largely On tlie shooting quality of the I Sullivan and Jeffrey short-wall types.
Therefore   there   are    many   While in one or two places tbe ma-
mocked. The American people in the
end paid a terrible penalty for ithelr
heartless greed—tbe greed of tbe rising capitalist class in the north com
bincd witb the greed of the slave-
holding oligarchy of the south.
More than a million lives were sacrificed that "business might not be
interrupted in N'ew York and Massachusetts and Pennsylvania or the
slave owner compelled to relinquish
to his chattel slave the rights of a free
More than a million lives were laid
upoa the altar of eternal justice because the clergy justified slavery, as
a divine institution.
More than a mil Mon lives were sacrificed because men who saw clearly
the infamy of slavery, as did Jefferson and his contemporaries, did not
have .the courage to seize it by the
throat and strangle it to death, but
took fhe course of least resistance aim
left it to time and future generations
to meet the issue and solve the problem.
The little business men of Calumet,
the little professional men, the clergy,
the doctors and the lawyers, who are
living off the workers, are blowing
their -puny breaths against a very hurricane in their endeavors to drive the
millers back unwillinciy to their former condition of servitude.
The copper trust, which, with the
same warrant as the Algerian pirates
who collected tribute as a vested
right, exacts its unearned millions
from the labor of the miners and the
stolen heritage of the people, has to
contend with a force greater than its
rebellious miners. It has to deal with
the woVkera of America. It has to
deal with the same great forces that
have brought modern industry into being and which have raised the worker
from a serf of the soil to tbat of the
master mind and master hand of modern industry.
The working class of America is in
no abject or begging mood. It scorns
the proffered nid or its exploiters and
their snivelling svmnathv
" SunkistM Oranges
by the Box or Half-Box
Enjoy the rich, delicious meat and sweet, tangy juice "of
ruddy, thin-skinned, seedless "Sunkist" oranges.
Have this golden fruit for breakfast, dessert and
"between meals."   Cleanest of all fruits—never touched
pe*      by bare hands.   All the pickers
3?.«3\    and packers of "Sunkist"
oranges and lemons wear
clean, white cotton gloves,
"Sunkist" oranges are the fin- >
jest, juiciest oranges in the world.
Tree-ripened, fiberless. Not a seed
in "Sunkist." Buy them by the box
or half-box.   That is cheaper than buying by the dozen.   They keep for weeks.
Ask for "Sunkist" lemons — so full of juice
that they go farther than other lemons. Try "Sun-
kis.t" lemonade—hot or cold. Lemons add flavor
to fish, meats and salads.   ,
Rogers Silver with "Sunkist" Wrappers
Cut the trademarks from "Sunkist" orange and
lemon wrappers and send them tous. Weoffer27dif:
ferent premiums, all Rogers A-l Standard Guaranteed Silverware.  Exclusive "Sunkist" design.
Por this orange spoon send 12 "Sunkist" Orange or
feiimm\\Vvl\   L^00 Wrappers and 12 cents.   "Red Ball" orange and
Witt'" '«* lemon wrappers count same as "Sunkist."
Iu remitting, send amounts of 20 cents or over by Postal
Note, Post Office or Express Money Order.
Buy ."Sunkist" Oranges and Lemons
at Your Dealer's
Send your name and lull address for
free premium sheet and Premium Club
Plan. Address all orders for premiums
and all Inquiries to * (ikjj-
California Fruit Growers Exchange
105KingSt.,E»»t, Cor. C-hurci       Toronto, (kt
If you trade at tlie
Fresh Alberta Killed Range Meats
thousand acres of coal that cannot be
worked profitably under the present
ay stem. Under the present system
thp waste of coal and material is gradually bn the increase. M-ines operat-
i'n-sr under sin favorable robf conditions
are put to great expense in removing
falls of slate ln rooms, following the
results of flying coal from shots,
Knocking out props;  the  slate falls
obine worked under disadvantages, -the
roof evidently showed the advantage
of having light blasting and timber
supports undisturbed. It appeared tbat
if the machines were working successfully under disadvantages, why
shouldn't they be more successful under more favorable face-line and In
the tblck seam?—The Coal and Coke
Operator and l-'uel Magazine.
N. E. Suddaby
B. C.
Disclaiming Murder by
Attempted  Murder
$3,50  RECIPE IP
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
. You Can Have it Free and
Bb Strong and Vigorous
Wn l.Hvn In our [m-m xHton a tue-
ncrlmlon for n«rvnu«i debility, Iflftk of
vluiir, w«-uUi.iit*l maul-iaud. falltiiK inutu-
ory nml Inm* lim-k, limuRht on t>y i>x-
ce»*-»*, unnatural <lraln«. or the follies
of youth, that lm* purt-il »« many worn
«n<l nerv-dun nu-n tight In tin ir own
homou—without any mltlltional help tr
mmllclni'--that   we   *Mnk   *v->.ry   man
Mill)   Mi.:i,Li   lu  ),.iiu,li   lul,   lll.tlf,   |.urt.*l
«n<l virility, nulckly and <iu!«tiy, -adould
liav« a copy.   Ho we have determined tu
minrt a enpy rtf ih* ttr<*>ttertptl«n ff-f*1 nf    , ,  , ..       ,    ,
cimr««, In a pl*lti. ordinary «ealed «*,. i licirtnl ncornluliy r-Kfum*! llie
; Kor the second time in his career,
' Charles li. Moyer, of the Western
1 Federation of Miners, lias suffered the
! experience of being kidnapped by tbo
i exploiters of labor, though this tlnua
(they added variety to the entertainment by attempting IiIh iiHWisslnatlon,
(though In this particular the attempt
was a partial failure; us they only
j succeeded In sending several plutol
i tihoiH into his borly, noiw of which, we
undmtand. wiil prove fatal. The
] Waddell-Mahon firm or organised
i thugH, In the employ of the local Citl.
j /.ens' Alliance, after bungling tbe mur-
j der Job, placed him forcibly on n train
, and dbpoi'U-d him from Um vicinity,
I Moyer. it Ih said, had Incensed the
j -Citizens' Alliance by declaring that a
i iMtrfton wearing the badge of that body
j had started th* panic cry In the local
I theatre on ChrlMmaN eve, by which
, k'oino el-Kltty member* of the ittrlkeiV
i families, mo»tly children, were crut»h-
, ul lu duitii iii iiu.- t.'iuuhij; iuw.,1. iii.
i Tbo further fact that the women
i wltone children  had been thun mur-
of tins IndkM of the CltUent' Alliance
and turned down tbe $25,000 offered j
by  that   body   for ihe  relief of the1
suspicions in this particular case.
It may ba noted, too, that tbe pros*
dispatches giving the first accounts
of tho horror at the theatre stated
4hat tho presence of death In wholesale form ln the community, It was
thought, would tend to soften the antagonism between the miners and
their exploiters «nd bring about conciliation that would end the strike. If
a Cltixeiin' Allianceithug really started
the (stampede, as charged by .Moyer.
he may have bad this In bis depraved
mind, and used his own Judgment l»
carrying it out, a method of procedure
which would, of course, permit all the
rcHpcctttblto jiiuinbers of the alliance
to disavow any knowledge of the affair and ropudisie witb righteous Indignation nnd connection with it.
But tliey have greatly weakened the
force of their denials by the attempt
on .Mover's life and his Mjbswiucut
deportation. The striker* are very
I'tt'ty u, ronclu'li**- that p<"i;.V In '''••
enipioy of the nlllancw who openly attempt io tTMirder tn the street*. u»
tilt) did in the ca*e of Mojtit, ait? b)
no means above the -suspli ion of lulling off a job of murder secretly,
Th<n, too, the attempted as»asalna<
y«ioii« to sny roan who will writ* us
tor It.
Thl» prcicrlptlon conn • from a phy-
Milan who hai made • special study uf
man, and w« »r« convinced 11 l« tlw
nurj-M-iicting combination for lha eur<»
or d.jfk'li-rit manhood and vigor fullurn
evur put toK«tli«r,
Vfti think w« owe It to our f«l!ow
man to iwnd them a copy in confld«me«
ao that any nmn anywh«r« wim Ik wwak
•and discouraged with rt-i"»«t<'il tstiur** ;
•nay stop druastna himself with harm-   •".*"*" "" ' """"l »".'.".*"''""i."":, "11 Cltdsana' AJHanco B»t  solus tn wal
rut. Want m«dt*ne», s«cUr« what wa  did not mum* the Alllancu dirwXly of   ;™*™r   ri^twt*^ i'^,?ni«m,^
survivors and the burial of the victims
waa ko abhorrent to th-nlr Immune
f*nelltil!» tlmt their strike lnvaklng
employ*** tried to get ev«Mi by murdering Moyer,
tion of Moyor Is <|tiite In line with the
policy formulated for that organisation
by IU most prominent member, Oen.
Harrison dray Otis, of Los Angelea.
who somo time ago declared In bis
What truth there may he In Moyer's BK?? ***L'.tt™ ,*"£! JJhS*Sl
chain., we <ann..t positively aay. Ha ffiSJSS' AJftLT"I}VnZ.***™£?i
did not mum* tbe Alllsnc, illraetlr of 2S2S ' -TfeS^^offi kuilti
t»«iii.v« it th« quiPk*»t-sriin« tutors- | de»b*w»t«lv lnntnwting one oT tWr' . . TI»W would ba no Inquires
tiv*. u»i*ii4|jii«■.HlHjjT.TOvattsii rem. J,m, ' L™„ ,„ Z»im3» tha audlJ *.boul lhm' mUl lhfl ''ouu^y g«m»ral;
•4y «v«r devls-td, and sn car** hlm*i>tf at mrm> """tn-iirwis t« stampeoe tne auni.; ^v would lust auletlv dlsaniwvsr
horn* qul»tly snd aulcklr. J<J« drop us enc. but only 'h«t tbfl mlad-want worn iV J«utH Jim iV«T lit. f*u,JZA.,',*»
» nr># !(!.<■ thl.   rnl-n-iu-t* it*m.<ly rrt   ( .ut i,..jK„    > .u- ('itll!^*lis• Alltar.ti, a   .. " *ou'" "*^m ,hal •'»<* rltlwns' Ah
4W1 Luek liulldlnc. Wstrolt. Mtch.. snd   "*r l",w *'r tfte ™m«* aiiubw. a, ,,.BMk «, ^,,.«^ „„ ,_, .. K—
«t will *t*,n. iot) » copy uf this splendid i«clp« In a plsln ordinsr-/ siivnlup*
fro«> of charg*. A «rr#s» msnv docton
would charga |J.«0 to M.00 for nmr-j-ty
writing out a prcicrlptloti llk« thin
Lul we send lt tmti.'i-ly true.
mu*t  ataara   nawTiar
Mi-ivc t'tittdt.t't tirvg Hilorr
Pboat 121
ftaslrfanca: 21 Victoria Avamit
rtBNlI ■. C.
If anything were needed to warrant
the suspicions which tha Calumat disaster arouse<l, tho brutal and murder
ous assault upon President Moyer or
the WoHtern Poderatlon of Miners by
the thugs of tha mlna ownera and thi*
crawling creatures bf tbe Cltliens*
alliance, and hit forced deportation,
serve tho purpose,
Calumet la going through an Indua-
trial war In whioh erery claaa in tlw
. AM*..**, *. ,,.„„ .. rmltHM Bll-Wlftlm, tn ,,.«; communhy tbat Is parasitic upon tb*
charse whbh. at this dlstane* and  ! 't^t?L «2?5 "W1?*?J° »       wortf,»»*   •*»«•   "«»   mado   oomnwii
with a k»,.%ledge of that tba write*.' ij1' *XIZ^C' l*£ ^l^M   T.". "g".LnV th* mlMT§'   S*. C,«?
es blrwl by that body nro capable ot,  !Lffipto£2!,,£2^E,^A2^ dlvlstons that .woro accentual In MH-
■ie».m« *f*rv itmhahtf +n\m_.   iteaiising that mere daporta*
uh tn« »ery prooat i. , uon laborad under th« dlasdvantaga
1 he dyiiauilt* planting In the Uw-1 „f t|w diMK»rtw> probably coming bock.
they sought to prevent the ratttni of
the tmdMlroMa by tha method recom*
«r>r.t.d,.*»   -K..   nil*,     ttrtn.r,*,*    **■■-	
dlffictilttea tn th* way, and the pollcv
vouiii not o« coinpi*»!i«ji> ritrnni out.
Tlio nationalities comprising -the
American, Kngllsh, Welsh, Scotch,
Irteh iwid flernian numbered 37,8-03, or
nbout onfMhir;! of the total, and the
other nationalities I'lMti, or 'about
75.0*53. or about two-thirds of the in-
»!de employees.
The nnmher of ott!aide employees
returne.l wius ift,8i)S, or* about 62 per
cent of :i;i,7<t|' employed,
Of nil employees, according to tho
reports, .i:!..". per cent are of the I'-n-
gl!yli-(ipn:iJi!ng races, and 46.5 per cent
of the non-Ktigllsh.
Of the total number, 182,012. em-
ploye-.l Inside and outside the minct*
only nbout oiie-Utird arc of the Kng-
llRli-si:<ak!ng mces.
Of :'!!» iiersons killed by falls, jlifi
or about su per cent were of non-l2ng-
liah-xpeakifig races.
Out of tite 44U lives lost W.i, or 74
per ceii- were of non-llngtlsli-apeaklng
races ami 'it\ per cent from among oth-
The number of minors employed In-
Hlite the mines wns K/iSi, and the number outside 3,46t>, u total of 12,050, or
CC |>er cent <>f the total number of em-
liloyeen.   With this smitll percentage
Of   Illll.nl'   •-.Ihplu>«!«*   It   ts   (liffll'Ull   to
see wli.to competent miners for the
ftituie an- tu luiu-u fruiu, Tbo >ouu_
American shuns Uio coal mines.—Tho
Cool and Ooko Ojtenator and Puel
! rencft strike, fhe stories told by tho
I braggart Orchard in the tfteunvrabert
I ron* «or.*»ber with the well tn-wwn
j mai only too otten extern need cruel-
watikee whan the err waa rained to
"got together" and "bout thtt Soeftl-
lata" were marked, but it require*
such a struggle at la going on bsdwaan
the miner* and tbo copper trust to
It detests their smallness and it
divines their motives.
When tbe miners rejected their aid,
wh<?n .the miners proudly told them
that they would bury'their, own-dead,
when the miners said to the men who
have been Jrying and who are now
Reeking to starve them into submission of the vvfcflpped slave, that they
want none of their charity, they »pok«
as becomes men who are worthy 10 be
free and who are worthy the support
of -their fellow workers.
They shall not starve and they will
not surrenders.—Milwaukee Leader.
After Moyer waa brutally beaten,
shot and deported, Sheriff Cruse of
Houghton county sent a lengthy telegram to Governor Ferritf, making the
statement that his Investigations so
far, had failed to show that James Ale-
.Nnugh'ton had any part In the deportation of President Moyer of the Western Federation of Miners. He further
declared, that he was not prepared to
say who were the actual participants
in sending the strike leader from Calumet. As the truckling tool and official lickspittle of MoN'aughtoli, h«
does not dare lo rise to the stature of
a man and charge .MeNauuhton with
complicity iin th# dastardly oiitragtsa.
Though be had seen McNaughton lead-
Ine the mob. though be had soen the
puraeproud plutocrat of the Calumet
& Hecla Mining Company raping law
and constitutional rights, yet, the
sheriff of Houghton county does uot
dare to open his mouth and point the
accusing finger at the lord of the copper domain of Michigan.
.lames McNaughton not only controls the sheriffs office, but a private
army of professional assassins hired
to |.-,llt tv» well .'» the »*nt«< mllltla,
have been und-ar the control of thle
economic tyrant, whose mandate ts
law to every official chattel of Michigan, who lacks the manhood and the
courage fo be loyal to his oath of office.
The sheriff eaya he la not prepared
to say wbo were tbe actual -partld*
It It aafe and reaeonabla to preaume
from his past servility, that be will
never be prepared to disclose the
name* of those who broke Into Mover's room, beat him almost to deal*
and dragged bim through tha airwta
of llannock with leaa consldeiatlon
then la ebown to a dor.
A few mtnutee before tha mob broke
into Moyer's mom, the aberlff and •
uotnmUte* had beon holding a conf#r-
anet with 'Moyer, and thoy had teare*
ly left the hotel, when tba mob visited
Ita venaentiica on Moyer. Where waa
the sheriff white the outrage waa be-
In* cwmniltted?
He waa on tbo groundt. and he naw
***,      .-.. 1.       %.,,     *,,      »./,»*,      419     4,11 9+* n*     In
Give us a trial and be convinced
ffl. K. DAVIDSON   proprietor
Turner Block, Wood St.
The   Misses  Allen
Dressmakers   and   Costumiers
Ball Dreases a Speciality
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
O.A. CLAlh ,v Proprietor
•vory on* an impartial h-*arln«."
Doea Oovarnor Karris b«ll«t« that
such rat teaulnt fiom bis cowardly
lips will be gulped down by m*n wbo
know tbo erfnglnt Mrvllity of the
ohlef maflatmte of Michigan T
The grand Jury will ito aa the of.
flclal apentt of a mino owners' eaao-
clattoo d-emand that it shall do, and
the bearing will not bt Impartial, and
no one knows this battev than tlie governor of the atate of Mkhlgan.—The
The women who are urging men to
oppose woman suffrage on tba ground
that It tenda toward Socialism argue
that tho p-tupla aboakl not rtile, but
that a f#w matters should. Nothing
could condemn capitalism or commend
8o(iallsm more.
-*m.~*i   «mv ». • t*.n>it mj -vi-tss-l* *-«|«. turn* *-11,(J-urfj.M- _,,,-,  tt.m  -^M-t.^j,  mmSSm -* I
t vorv  c^nf^n   *i«^-nt<»f(  thi*  wtirrlof I w*er»*re wicti tne omamsea nng c-h
! class*!*
I outlaws, • woo ware eervina tn** int^r-
•srrlsur, tolleltor, Notary, eta.
Office*: takateln lolldln*.
Fsmle. B.C.
C. te<we Alea. »• fi»N>
feraie. it C
All ib« mnnlerera wbo over aiplat-
«d their cHmea in dwuh have not
c**a*t*d «u utM., dtiA'M$ j.J h*i-* tin ixr
lend planalbimy to th«? charg*. made on tbe best motbod of turning th«|
by Moj»»r. ! irjt), 0f uw "illaapiMiarliiK anJiator."
>>* i« *»t t.9 ...-*.*,* ,..'.   .t.i.. -..ii.,*. ...***. ,  k»»v^  \ntii 991*1 »«.»* |<v#*><i«c, i..  (.-JJii..;.
tb«»s<» (i*Btry bava plottfil murder, or  under the drcunMW.aneM, but  what
*i.i*n -romihlK-r-4 It with the lil*>s of  they, havo done tn$y pwbaps def*.»:
brlniting about Mnwil*' -nbulatud to  tba rtbj«»ct aimed «t. or at host prove
br*ak down tb*»■ r»«i»t.»m* -tr atrikers.   of donbrfHl   -raloe  In   eoH>nln* thn
fhrtt* scoundn'U. wh» .<. nttm sent! rlttn antagonism of which the ("HI.
out wilh th* v^Slod m. It-iiiiJiug that
they are to "atan aom* ;h'* i" o» thrtr
■van "'n Hvfej'ia' '•■'   :•'■*       iy, tu* ]u.4'v.
lv snspfotHI n* twit a lu r-mo iibiwnm
W8V b»'h'inl >••>.* ii!|ij"i.*il iit'i-iirrt'tift'
'ly*- r""»ul's I'- ■'.<->'h »!'• vhl-f-iir-f on
such ocraslos* Hmmtnti a* tbey
nro Iran %*«• ■*-«•*, \Mt**' -|f**s of hn-
nyitt H}fU-**y, ihi-rtt i* no erim** nt
mhU'ix t!.!.•>■ »!'•-* sun fully <..tpabte, Ttia
falumd mifi-tir*. t'tiw «l,#>lr i»r,-v|«Mis
#H«ri«.tiC^   in   this  sir-.* *uh  tbo
•Pl'tr   :i!!f    .yUMW-,   ''A     ll-    .JJUlun,
bato toi.4l.).r»bW» *ar»   t) for their
totf' Alliance la one of tiw most stalwart exponent,—New York ('all.
Thirty-five nattooJIltJea worked In i
urni atwnt «h# bitumfnotis rnlnos of
IVt-nsy»vanU In I»I2.
Th* ttMal number of empbvee* in. *,
0iilf tb* mine* la Ng,94l. ami m.91 i l
wftrm reported, eqttfI to *$>M imr root.
uf Uw tuU.1 uuttilkr ytuptJiu-I. u tbt,
Department «f mlna*
the citisBns' alliance—a elaaa oom
tm***! «f th«« swill trwtpr* a»d oro-
fi** oni-u men—wbnsa aolw -rotieorn ta
to fnr««. the workera bach to tba un-
br-srable oondltiona against which
th«y hav* struck that bualnaas maf
b<> resumed and thoir intafTOptad pro*
fits r..*torw! to tbem. Tbat looh uoon
t.H« worker aa their natural fray' The*
are so gready, ao ehort-«lgbterf. ao con*
tiaually  omployM   by  eapltallrtt  in,    ju ^j, <\\}mm, &« CMInea'a Alii-     inTciass war auch aa la balna wafr <*'• *t the copper baron*.   Waa tb*
iiSuZ„tm»*:.utTZ' £_£uL2i i !?v*u.to?!!«!S?fJ5M».l*??!^L W \» de.uic.bl* ..th* claaa typlf^ by ^n^wlto tmmtmaMj«« aja ijjt-
bor a siroti* sttaplcton that the »h*r-
ktt of ttouantott county, wa* coanuanl
of what waa to follow after ha awl
tb* commute* took their departora
rrom Moyer'a room at the Scott Hotel.
Tho go?anw aays: "There ta no oc-
caaion for Impatience In tha Inveatiaa-
tlon of Moyer'a kidnapping. Tbe
Houghton county grand Jury will tie*
Tb* qvanttty of ftritlah coal shipped
doting November for uao of steamers
engaged in foreign trad* waa 1.7M.0W
tone, aa mmpmtH. with X.IUM* toa*
in Novanbtr. illl, Tba.aggragaw w m* nm*
so shipped during tba flrat It montha
of 1913 waa ifl.lia.60l tons aa agalnat
H,n,jm tone, and tT.W«(T»T tona «n
the corroapondhtg periods of 1112 and
1011 «>»p*o!lvely.--Tbe Coal and Coke
Operator and roel Nagaalna,
W# off»»r On* Hnfldra«t TVtlMrs »•».
ward for any case of Catarrh tbat
timtxtuii im  -ni*-*.  by   n»ii* catana
V. J. CltBNRV * -TO... TttlttAt* O
. ffi* lb# J»*aerat«wea. h«v« known V,
3, Cheney fer tbe last it, ywsrs, and \h-
ilsva htm perfectly hnnarsbl* In all
t»ufln«ss   tran»a«tioHS  an4  ttmmntMlv
Toledo, O,
Haifa Catarrh Cart is takan tntarnallr,
actlnt -ili-wtljr opon ths ttmoa an<t mu.
ecus sarfacn* of tha system, TVsMmo.
Hals sent fr»«.   Price Ti <N»«ts par hat-
"MTWA&lttft tor «««••
Una It
aaaai* chappoi
i    ^LUgyd|   ^w^*^**^«i_
jgaa» aaal» aaaaa^aaSl ai
A If
h *■>-£•«■ Z,*>
- S .   *■     -*1*ilu*-***n*-L
sAt .7>^XxAr***
local Union Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
No. 2314
Meet  first and  third Fridays,
Miners' Hallj Fernie; second and
fourth Friday Club Hall. Coal
Creek. -Sick Benefit attached.
T. Uphill. Sec
Fernie, B. C.
'hosmer LOCAL
No. 2497
Meet every Tuesday evening in
the Athletic Hall  at 7.30.    Sick
Benefit Society in connection.
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
No. 2334.
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'cloek in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.  %
Michael Warren, S-S-c.
Canmore, Alta
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month. Sick und Benefit Society attached.
J. Gorton, Sec,
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. ln the Opera House,
J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
Bankhead, Alta
No. 1189
Meet every Sunday afternoon
in Miners* Hall, 2.30.
Frank Barrlngham, Sec.
Box 113. Coalhurst P. O.
LOCAL No. 3026
Max Hutter,  Secretary.
Georgetown, Canmore, Alta
No. 2683
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
J. Johnstone, Sec,
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. Ko Sick
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passhurg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 431
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.S0 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
I* Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.mf
ln the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec.
Box 36, Bellevue, Alta.
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Sec.
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society .attached.
John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.
Things You See Advertised in
the Big Magazines.
THIS store is headquarters.   You
will always find here everything
you would expect to^ find in a
similar store—and many things more.
Wc specialise on articles of genuine merit Articles
wc have tested and tried ourselves and wc can recommend and indorse.
You will find here all of the good—the best—the pick*-
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Tlie Social Significance
Of Futurism
By Louis C. Fraina
"Tbe ideals of mechanical progress
will influence his heart,"—F. T. Mar-
There is a type of mind, conservative as well as radical, which has a
stereotyped conception of new ideas
in art. The conservative indiscriminately condemns; the radical as indiscriminately praises. There is another
type, more grotesque still—the man
who traces new ideas in art and literature to pathologic causes. Disciples
of this "■pathologic" or "physiologic"
interpretation are many, even among
Socialists. The social milieu, which
determines ideas and movements,
seems t'o these folks a closed book or
a mere figure of speech.
The New Art, of which Cubists and
Futurists are the most characteristic
representatives, is being interpreted
in this pathologic spirit. This art is
said to be the product of abnormal,
pathologic brains; of men who suffer
from neurosis and downright degeneracy. iBut even if we assume that "decadent" manifestations in art are pathologic, does this account for their form
of expression, for the movement itself? Was Francois Villon's art identical with that of Paul Verlaine or
Oscar Wilde? "Degenerate artists
never cease; If at a given moment
they produce movements, it is because
they express a cultural urge conditioned by the social milieu.
•Byronic Romanticism, that legitimately exaggerated revolt against the
crushed Ideals and conservative reaction succeeding the French Revolution,
was, and sometimes still is, considered pathologic. Not a few critics
ascribed Wagner's revolutionary music to pathologic degeneracy—that
music which expressed strident, inchoate revolt amid the discordances of
industrial, civilization, a music cast in
the mold of Nietzsche, human-symbol
of Wagner's stormy generation. The
music of Richard Strauss is generally
considered decadent. Yet Struass' music expresses the Pagan spirit now
transforming our moribund culture.
That Strauss "does not express the
Greek spirit full-orbed Is due to the
Pagan spirit being immature aud corrupted by contact with capitalist degeneracy—a bourgeois and not a proletarian manifestation. Whosoever
mentions pathology in this connection
must consider pathologic the vital,
universal Pagan urge of our generation.
Three men symbolize, artistically
and socially.; the Russia of recent
times—/Tolstoy. Gorky, Artsibasheff.
Tolstoy's passive resistance doctrines
flourished in Russia during the revolutionary ebb of the eighties; the passive theory expressed social discouragement, failure, despair. Gorky's
virile, revolutionary literature coincides with a virile, active revolutionary movement. Since Bloody Sunday
and its reaction, the Russian youth,
discouraged, hopeless, expressed its
spirit and energy In an orgiastic saturnalia, a mood voiced in Artsiba-
"Sanln Clubs" attests the social urge.
The revolutionary reaction expresses
itself in another form ln Andreiev's
morbid gloom, corrosive doubt and
revolutionary paralysis.
Art reflects life; it ls social and not
individualistic. Therein lies the value
of art and literature to the student of
history. Vital art expresses the vital
urge of its age. Aspirations continually change with changing Boclal conditions; art changes ln harnlony therewith, not only in spirit but also in
methods. Art appears deadly opposed
to pouring the wine of new aspirations
Into the bottles ot old methods.
Considered ln this light, tbe Xew
Art expresses capitalism. It ls the art
of capitalism—not tbe "art ot decadent and dying capitalism," as some
wquld have It, but of capitalism dominant (Cubism) and capitalism ascending (Futurism). The aggressive, brut,
al power of Cubism and Futurism Is
Identical with the power and audacity
of capitalism, of our tnachlne-clvllizu*
tion. The New Art is as typical of
capitalism as the architecture of the
sky-scraper. Paul Lafargue somewhere says that machinery induces In
the worker a disbelief in God. while
the m-BchaniHm of Btock exchange operations develops » sort of fetk-hlstlc
religion In the bourgeois. If machinery nffectH such a spiritual matter as
religion, small wonder that the spirit
aud power of machinery should transform nrt.
Cubism, as I said, Is the art of capitalism dominant; Futurism the art of
capitalism ascending, struggling for
ascundancy. This accounts for the
Cubists having a definite technique,
while Futurists are vague and Indefinite, failing lamely to embody creed In
artistic productions. Futurism paints
the spirit of machinery—energy, motion, aggression. Cubism doe? more.
Cubism trail*fern ihe technique of
l iv.•.l'-h'"'•!•;*• ft '■-■ t\t.itf. ir-, th.. ,.m.*!
vas. In the words of a writer who
sees ii  glimmer of tht* truth:   "The
lliu. ut 1.1'ttti. lets. Iivi-Ii lv iliac vd. hi tiiv
Cubist picture*, by the Una* of utility
and strength.   Curve* have been di*.
carded fur imglen.   Tin Cubist* paint
n» if there were nothing but mechanism in the universe." \
Futurism   in   the   motti   interesting
manifestation of the N'ew Art.   While I
Cubism  simply* expresses   ti'Ullcalj) ;
th"  ii*'r|t ti< t it til ni I Win   Fu'iif-nm  In
Italy,  its  birthplace,  Is  it   •itili'iirlan
movement M'-eltiuR to *t>st.»h!l-rS ";<• mi
« v*J'"»!t*iey of rrni,.t<iH*m     Ut nt-  :t*"tiel»«
(lit (!»• Hi. Ijtmitt ,Mirror <M»>  ■ «.  i'»m
cordingly, has thrived ou its petty agriculture and its past, feeding on
tourists and making cash out of the
'grandeur that was Rome.' Virile Italians are in revolt at this social degeneracy. Instead of worshipping the past
and exploiting its grandtur, Futurists
demand overthrow of the past, the
forging ahead of industrial progress.
Their slogan is, "Down with the grandeur of the past: Dp with the grandeur of the present and the future!'
Futurism, is the apotheosis of industrialism."
Futurism, accordingly, emphasizes
all that is distinctively capitalist as
against that which is feudal or semi-
feudal. The following passages from
F. T. Mariuetti's manifesto, published
in the (Paris.'Figaro in ia09, briefly and
comprehensively express this spirit:
"Literature having up to now glorified thoughtful immobility, ecstacy
and slumber, we wish to exalt the aggressive movement, feVerish insomnia,
running, the perilous leap, the cuft
and the blow.
"We declare that ihe splendor of the
world has been enriched ,by a new
form of beauty, the beauty of speed.
A race-automobile is more beautiful
than the Victory of Samothrace.
"There is no more beauty except in
struggle; no masterpiece without1 the
Btainp of aggressiveness. Poetry
should be a violent assault against unknown forces to summon them to lie
down at the feet of man.
"We will sing the great masses agitated by work, pleasure or revolt; we
win sing the multi-colored and polyphonic surf of revolutions in modern and falsifies it.
of the days when Rome ruled the
world, and strive for a terza Roma
which shall hold the world in awe.
tFuturism is consequently imperialistic. Not merely because of -peculiar
conditions in Italy; any part which reflects capitalism is necessarily imperialistic ; witness Rudyard Kipling. Futurism glorifies war. War is a "measure of political sanitation," to use Ma-
rinetti's phrase, who believes that "nations should follow a constant hygiene
of heroism and take every century a
glorious 'oath of blood." Marinetti
identifies Futurism not only with
Italy's industrial future, but With her
imperialistic aspirations as well: .„.
"Our national destiny depends on
the Futurist propaganda. As inevitably as the sun rises and sets we shall
have to struggle for our life against
Austria. If the contest comes when
Venice is still sunk in the lethargy of
iU old romanticism, when Rome is living on its classical traditions, when
Florence is nothing but a picture gallery, we are doomed. Furthermore,
Tolstoyism and passive resistance are
so debilitating the workingmen of
Italy that 1 believe if it is not checked
by the awakening spirit of* Futurism,
the Italian people will be as helpless
as sheep before a herd of wolves when
Austria marches over the frontier."
Austrian invasion of Italy is a mere
catch-phrase of the politician. Indeed,
there is much more possibility of Italy
Invading Austria in an effort to seize
Trente and Trieste, But Marinetti, in
his "religious, rigorous and rigid respect for truth," inverts the proble.ti
capitals; the nocturnal vibration of
arsenals and docks beneath their glaring electric moons; greedy stations devouring smoking serpents; factories
hanging trom the clouds by the
threads of their smoke; adventurous
steamers scenting the horizon; and
the slippery flight of aeroplanes."
In these vivid, incisive words Marinetti expresses the cultus of capitalism.
Industrially, capitalism produces a
new economic power, "the collective
power of masses" (Marx); esthetical-
iy, capitalism produces a new beauty,
the "beauty of speed." Futurists idealize motion, speed—the very essence
of industrial society. Futurist art attempts t'o express motion, muclf as the
impressionists portrayed light In action and nature's evanescent moods.
Futurist art, accordingly, even though
not fully materializing its ideal, possesses a nervous force and power
startingly vivid, oppressive, characteristic of our machine-civilization, of our
wireless age.
Terrible as are its evils, capitalism
is superior to the cemetery-civilization
stifling Italy. Capitalism at least carries within itself the germs of its own
destruction, hence of a nobler civilization. Even in North Italy, where capitalism flourishes, traces of feudal
psychology persist, encouraged by
bourgeois sloth and the Roman Catholic Church. i.Not only Futurism, virtu
ally all forces in Italy are making for
capitalist progress. The imperialistic
and encourage industrial development.
The Camorra trial some years ago
marked an epoch: the struggle of capitalist civilization, and all implied
thereby, with the remnants of feudal
disorder, barbarity and psychology of
the masses, centralized in th-a Camorra. a political machine exploiting and
intensifying feudal mentality. As tbe
Rome Trlbuna said at the time, "It
looks us though the trial would mean
the regeneration of Southern Jtalw
The fight of the Futurist, however
is not merely for industrial progress
The demand ls for a new culture, has
ed on a new civilisation. It Ik a'fight
against mental sloth and corrosive romanticism, against the dolce far nkuite
spirit.    Action!     Motion!     Progress!
Futurism is the product of peculiar
and transitory political and economic
conditions in Italy, In this sense, Futurism is comparable to the French
Romantic movement. The liberal spirit ofthe Romantic movement reflected
the liberal movement in politics,
which, in turn, reflected economic
facts. Feudal and bourgeois elements
were in revolt against the regime in
power. The opposition was a confused
one, liberals and absolutists jostling
each other, Accordingly, a peculiar
feature of the time, noted by Balzac,
was that most of the "liberals" were
really reactionists, seeking to introduce things of the past. Hence Romanticism's apotheosis of the past.
Victor Hugo fortunately broke the vicious circle of worship of the past,
and developed as a consistent bourgeois liberal; the other Romanticists
were lost in the shuffle. And when
France outgrew the peculiar conditions of 1830, Romanticism decayed;
the regime of Napoleon the Little
crushed Romanticism completely When
social conditions take the bottom out
of the movement, Futurism, as a movement, will doubtless dlsapper. For It
is a wild, social passion of the moment.
a storm worn out by Its own fury.
But Futurism artistically" will not
die.. International forces aided the
distinctive Italian conditions to produce Futurism. Futurism would not
possess the artistic maturity It has
were lt not for this interaction of lo-
why Futurism, expressing capitalism
ascending, possesses many of the characteristics of capitalism dominant.
Modified by local conditions, the New
Art is yet 'one In Its international expression of the capitalist cultus. Futurism and Cubism will develop, coalesce; and, even more than now, reflect
an art typically capitalist.
For tbls New Art Is not a bolt out
of a clear sky, as superficial critics,
helpless in the fact of new phenomena,
would have tig 'believe. Literature has
been trending In Its direction. Zola,
with his materialistic precision and
application of "scientific principles"
to the novel, drama, poetry, adumbrated the movement. In Kipling, the typical Kipling of "MacAndrew's Hymn."
lu his fight against the remnants ot j "The Ship That Found Herself," mnl
the past, the Futurist expresses the "••*■•■'." ntachlne-luBnlratlon dominates,
material facts of capitalist necessity I Machinery arts as the leitmotif, throb-
us abstract truth; and Insists upon j hing with life, ns inexorable as the
ibis truth, the sublimated expression passions of man. Machinery urges the
of bourgeois alms, as the regenerative! action and catastrophe. KlpllriK hu-
power. The Futurist prates of this I munlzcd machinery; the Cubist nnd!
Truth in typical bourgeois strain- as j Futurist tmiehlnhse the human. !
something sublime, eternal; "There Its I    There in no Inspiration in Futurism!
miles from a railroad, TheTe is only
oue store here, and all the men that
have got families here are working
for the store holder. He knows exactly what is coming to a man, and
will fix his bill to suit, and if you
happen to j;un over your pay, you will
have to live on bread and water for
the next fifteen days, until your
cheque is handed over to him, then
you can get some more. This is what
the miners are up against in this
camp, and the miners that have children here, they got to run wild. There
is no school for them to go to. We
don't know if it is the company's
fault or the government's in this case,
but if a slave with a family says anything about a school, they don't take
long to get rid of him, but we are in
good hopes to see the time that the
Alberta government will make this
company live up to some of the province laws. It is not much good to
have those laws if the company can
break them every minute in the day,
and if a poor slave thinks about
breaking them, he gets six months', or
no work. If the miners cannot get the
Government to enforce the Mine Act
in the Northern Coal Fields, or if they
can't get some Union organized so
that they can stand together, it is
just as well for them to give up living,
and the miner that intends coming
here to mine to make a living, had better stay away (lots of work, but no
money), and no mUie laws- only for
I must come to a i lose, but not in
the way of news, about bad conditions
in this camp. If 1 could only explain
myself with the pen, 1 could easy fill
your paper. '
I hope you will have room to print
this in your valuable paper, and that
the letter will help the miners.
1 remain,
Yours truly,
Pacific Coast Coal Fields, Jan. 3, 1014.
(We have reproduced the above letter with very few alterations, and we
are compelled to say that when the
"poor green foreigner" can come
through with such a statement then
the state of the Pacific Pass Coal
Fields must be rotten. The Inspector
'of Mines might, get busy and help a
whole lot.—Kd.)
Farm   Life
and  Health
The only co-operation that appeals
to some men is that which begins and
ends with their own pocket-book.
"Peace on earth, good will -towawi
men." Look at Calumet, Indiana palls
and Colorado, lor instance.
In .France they have put tbe soldiers
at work at strike breakers. Possibly
tbat is what they are wanting m«*n of
all trades for In the American army.
If the worker gets things and does
not. -pay for them, they conspire to ruin
his credit. If iho master gets a living
without paying for it, he gets credit
for being a financier.
Many farmers never send for a doctor from one year's end to another.
But this is not a sure indication that
thoy and their families are perfectly
You—for instance—may not have had
the dootor for years. Yet it is safe to
say that you DON'T always feel fit
and well. Many days in the year you
don't feel like working. You tnay not
have to stay in bed but you DON'T
feel Sust "right." •
That miserable feeling is usually
caused by Indigestion, . Dyspepsia, or
You would welcome relief if you
could get it—wouldn't you? Weli, yoV
can get -relief—any time you need it —
quick and positive relief. Take 15 drops
of Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup —
the great English remedy for ALL
stomach disorders. It will set your
stomach RIGHT and KEEP it right.
It's almost purely herbal—Nature's own
remedy for s!ck stomachs. It has been
used in England for 0V6T 40 years.
There it is the Standard remedy for
weak digestions.
Get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup.
Take at regularly. Then -note the improvement in your health.
Price, $1.00.   Trial size, 50c.
For sale by
Mclean drug and book co.
Earn $15 to $35 Weekly
NURSES is ever increasing and Doctors will not assume responsibility
without a Trained Nurse. The HOME
STUDY COURSE in Nursing which
the Rochester Nurses Institute gives
students appeals to thousands. Their
graduates command from $15.00 to
$35.00 weekly. Tbe Rochester Nurses
Institute will thoroughly train any one
from 18 yeai» to sixty, and give Diploma when Course is completed. Write
today for Free Booklet.
The Working Mens Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
^■^^ Tables =
No fee charged to use Club, which Is open to all.
B. Rawson
no coiihelejife. there is no noble lite,
there Is no capacity for sacrifice
where tlasre 1« not a religious, a rljiid
and a rigorous respect for truth,"
(Prez/ollnl, La Vove, April 13. till 1.J
i for Hie Sotiitlist, It in remarkable that
matt) Anif rlciiii Socialists hhould ball
l the N'ew Art as something marveliouH.
je|iot!i-iiiakiiiK. I suspect they art*
I taken in by its grandiloquent pliram-
Rotiiaiii UolltitHl, Itt tht. lux! volume ttt jology.    Hn.v i an the Socialist find lu- i
.Jean riirtstophe, Illumines this phase: i spiral Ion in an art thoroughly ami su-1
"Ij  iiiliiht  be thought that the fire i i»<*rl>l.v I'MiiiiaHi-t"   v-WiiWi, .while It **\*
hud dit-il down with the closing of Ma/ i \>fi**n. - tii*   ji.nvi r t,( capitalism, like- j
Kinl'H eyeg,    H was springing to life 1 wis** expresses all Unit Is evil and de-1
ut-Mln.    It   was the  same.    Very  few Sgrading.   Must «e then admit that the I
wlnlred to gee it.   It gave a clear nnd i Soeinliiti i** g.-iserallv only an economic
hrutal .ii*-.ln. . , . Tho -ottquetto of |»ar- ? ri>voJuilc»nlt«». and tlmls iiiHpInttltin ini
lie*,, n>nu.-uib of Uiuuvhl. luaUci'isti not ! b'ourw-oi,s-"r *><j'*f.. r.i-.try art?
to tht M,; the great thing was t6 "think !    Sodallxi   art   mtmt   not   adopt,   the j
with   eiiurage.'    To  be  frank,  to  be > !«oi* of tin- hour-it <>;*.    -Socialist art
bntve. ,u mind and deed.   Itudaly tbey j tutist   (mv,*  it* own  tuoU, evolve H* :
dlBiurb.i the ile-cp of their race. . .'.'own methods to «.vprei.it :tn«J interpret j
They miifered, a* from an Insult, from j the new culture which  the tfoclallut
the. iv.i-j'ent and t'.u.id Indifferentt* ot   movement  carries  within   Itv  folds     j
the fli-i-:. their co-.*. inllee of mlna und
v, ■ ' .   '    * *  .        Tl     •■ •   ,        ... ,.        >     ii
Iii the ihM-m of rhcUtrle and the inorni
uis-ivrr*.   vthieli fur i-ejiturieii Kail heen
* til hei *,<„   lul,)   ,i   ,i,i,-;   ujHiit   [Jie   i-tjll,
of the r cotiii'ij.    Thev bnnitheil li,to
It Ihelr tuw!!» ■*■•» rt-.ili*m »mj their un-
i compriMulsltiK liiwtM--."
All '. i ry Hue'    Mul Hit, Truth >,*■ t)|e
subliiix■"■'.  cv|in-Miiou of cajiiialliit  n,-
Tht» New Heview,
When you are buying don't forget that
Is Economical and Efficient
Tho valuablo coujkhis aro .valuable for valuable
The Royal Crown Soaps, Limited
Calgary Alberta
**    off
\t, ■!
on "Futurism in  Itwly,
!.'.i'.,jjtr il   tr*. -;..-., • *,«j.-,|*,   ft   ■--,
| tnetit, I unit!;
I IUli<t!t     .In,....tii.),,*     fur     iltu
: progress and the .-effort to thn
A'-,,* i!f*ad, tiimVS.f.til hand of t!j<
;i'-,:il  pant,  have  largely cryrt.i
j the Put tins' movement.
j     In th» fourteenth century Italy*, iv
i rt,,*j.W-»l   -init   rn**n**nt*rrl't   ntuww""
) produced th* cultural -efflorescence «.i
I vin     ItH.n&H-rWiHt *..       U.ttu.   t-4*   CV.'nit.   t,.
commercial jtover nWf'cd lo North
|Europ«. Italy sank Into th*t sloush of
< Mmiiemi <iarkn«s«. Th« serf* -*ho h**t
bten freed from ihe soli snd migrated
] Into the towns at proielnrlnj, Mnrx
' country.' aud gava an i»pttt««r 'iavar'
flex i
lite    .
the .!
. I-*■ t*■* r to tbe flUtrb t   I.
TUi* is the trnv the 'c!i
•et!   bj    the   l»«<|fir    )':i*„
<'<tttu>t-my in the nuti-  ;>•
* *.-< ! |.» W a iia) at,**! ,■ iiSk
,i tlitv for th*t. uiul ,i tl,
• 1- matte ;u,\ in.ir*.
tlten   < .lit '
Itn   I   I   'Se
I"    OeS   Ut4
•.    thin fervcni  Idealintn the r<
• -.i|ii*.ilkt itf-mmie. th!* -Kuturt
•."ii   of   tintr.iiittiielfl   i iiiiitiii'.s1
'n.ii >
■  rmurV  tl"-.i..i'„iW. fn!'ir,t!ii,i !•-   ' *■'
i- ■ ' i Ui'Sini,  nf :i,'-.'-i-,iii.i» .Uld  S.f, ;     ''
f'     l tit*     ***■'      :!•.'      ;    !,   i'l'!;.,,     O*     1'*.*' '
l'hl« ,,* noi   i  dt*tu Ki !  tut   nt
Itffi    Writer*    j.itile.    ■*,'•»    st,ou':| ' '
• ..»   •        ■   It'      ''-."J-iX:   -*!, '   ■ '     *   !.      *
vett.'r* '  tun   hiiiiM   form   c',.!,>!;«r<<!.  ti- : "
harm* ! .*   with thr-h & ;i. i-A- <s.    I' '    ,'
also ;t docl-al dewitin!.   For I'aly **•><':<l-
\y I* tiiticb nf n mtt*etim: Konie ,-tve*-::
on  !tn cl.is«tfsi t rail Wirt: **loreft*-*e •)# •
notltliiti but % pieture jiHlWy.    This'
•ita-u- ut' thliititS hrvaUn•* *>*:Ul d»-jiiil\.   ...
lii their place tlm KuturlH demands j '" '  Uav
t?'i*7t9\li  „"w 'r*"'A,\it \utm*hnVn7u^ t tX   lh«   tniM-f   ctil-»<'«   OUt   111
M.(,*.i*<. ntid -a-v. ,, t,,■ ,-\\\'* p-'  t'
you "trie Her
the *.i»» wish wwtttls: ■i*ll,*"*    '"'!    :I"T     h'^M
through the min
sUe   .tell**
i.-il   Re-Si*.
Tht   men
Si   It.,,!.::;*
ill***!'   Ilil')
!, , ." ir *
. *    .»,*,*   ,ni *t?,.i 11 .
i*i|;i>   mo  !l:at   ihe
,'it il  '• .   ,'th«J if !h<
'•«    ,-».»lnl'.   it,   t!» >
.!.'.»-..*. ir.i,   •   :
*itt     IK    (;'lt     estlt*,      •*
i colli.I,-*! »iiii
II SI.- v,  ,.- I .»,*•
il>"   Mme*   .,',   I,.•
e<i||i|,*fMiV,     I1      iftin'.i
■   «-•)!   I!l»
*t»,-*t i**'-,,-'»  .»*.,
ti Utter
h.'<[i the s
a .«»tt Uimirt" '■
...I »-» p..« ,*,.*
Ladies' and Gent's
Give us a Trial
it means
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calvary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     •      Fernie, B.C.
>;*. tietuana ih« .deuiujit Unnn. Hisnor * mnrU ..... ,.
and   mtf*
e *.i«» wish WN^ntly:
-rimne tnnst tm loni^r h* m^ly aj^n^.rl-"^ uitder'ntl
'   *l:*        'I'      1*      fit      •"l-Sf'-'l      ttftT-t.1   '   " ,
Mu; ■
"ft ti',
i-mt:* •'trlilfifi^fir.«doroathonctsm;fft,maa,r),1 alld pm fllm .„ ,.,,i. ,,„.
<n«at b**«i»w » wrest rlty avffl.  kK <0B., Mv ,Pr?,i„« .« u,,. f,-mimT,i ;
l?."'^^ *^*_,I?J??*„B_tt!l*rt,,r l«lW»«t the*  »m!i  hm*,*. sttd fh- *a>
th^y are breaklna "he Mine Act.   Th.-
mlrters In ihis tin,,   iio Mlmf it u *.
th* ffttUt nf th**  Mitif» ln*i*.»-ct,if tSe |
' way tho Mine A»t i* dealt with by thi*;.
'",)rn '1 .")T'    ".-l-f   .*■-    '-*»"•   c*^    (T^.-t**   ^rt-iftt :
[ta» -flotarniw-etit tn-l *'•■« il*»i *U** Min*';
i ln*l»«>rt*ftT 'trill l.tAi fhl» roroosti**' ft I!*-'
tli» notrrr tn«*  \^«"e   \«-t     * ■in«iitn.;i*»
■Ina <i"'.er* and Its aariealtnral tow
f*it.-.y., -: from the Bumniains m tb«
The ssitnrtst spirit Is hroadtr than
'■^,1 f.***   (.».*► mf11.pmf.*«f    r> tt* i %i7i**ii
s that hn* *i*t**4 tnt-r ail Italy. - ll* rt*-
1 mttriii*.* -,\ «wri»i4nt twit .nf ItMr'a fettdsl
niH»*.'i    i&f ►■tttantf noYfnent does
ttefor*. »oon, to tho potlta enlturo. car
riotl on In tha form ot fard*nina.' One*
a n«r«»ly "aantraphlcal aii>r# salon.*
. Italy hat alnns th* Rlsorflnwno Imn
j largely  an   agTteoTinral   Mpression.
Italy neMla IndnstHal eipansloti. !**t-
t,y     n (rrfcuff t>ri>     1ia,mper«     ni'Mivif
growth. SawMirailat eoMUlnos r»-
(main te lie ewe^T-iraim. nm the UM-
Jan bourfw>u ara t»*^i. enws-rttn. ru-
row-*tstone4. . T*«F possess |lttl» Ini-. not r«»ti*!*t of artists aloiw*: among Ita j eouW not bo mi*. **t»r--.   T«o J»*>»fi.dr*4
■ I
ttetftre, nor tha ewanire"{» cM-r*iv# : »wt  n %lm$. aAer#«ts ara aoetoiiv I.
lanm projaet*. In a4itiKm, ital;r lack* u:»t*... ■.-nrnaMsta, p»«tid*»s. mm and
tatwral a4rantag«t~e*«al aad itm. f«-, «'om*n ii» all walls nf lite, hm** w!
tora IndtoiMMMMbla for Industrial 4«- Uie Ideal oflnduatrtal progress.  Mm hi
xolopmtMU Um* afcaa4a»t posswslfcit of t —  n>- faiartsta *tin4*mu *!»*.' muK.J
t*n»w» m<i**i f>rn.t an otutnau: por l^" ">"- ♦trr*-**^*'"* ^r th» p*<t Tftfiy'l-j^
|Uat la tbe world aaarhsc   ltai>. ae.ldr*t»tt» «f mtMixg the Imparl*! Italy \Wm
Ii'fS^.4-M,*-!****ll*t pat^mtttU^iM >i*- rmitn^M mti4*:mu At: mm.' (BmJfMjf ^^MMm^L^m.
t fl<*»)^ '..
CI e«Mi [J
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property ^jlMillijlulllUlli
tNwMr-»iw.>'pi|i*w^plli*fiiii,iiii,> iiiit'iniint"|fiijrujji^*«i,*wttw.*,w
( '
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
The past week has seen the town of Fernie in the
throes of a municipal election, and last Monday
night the usual meeting was held for the candidates
to express their views, and explain away their actions, if they happened to be members of tlie late
Council. „       , »
The most interesting feature of the meeting was
the publication of the city's financial statement,
and possibly the electric light profit and loss account is the oue that appealed to most of the audience. Last year the'Council made certain cuts'in
the discount rates to big consumers and gave increased discounts to small consumers. Tliis, of
course, was a benefit to the small consumer, and
slightly increased the rates to the big consumer.
The increased revenue may be ascribed to two
causes: Increase in number of small consumers and
amount used by them, and the increased cost ,f,o
large consumers. If the balance sheet is correct, as
a result of the readjustment tlie city has made a
profit of about $850.00, and tliis would appear to
be exceedingly good business. *
It is nice to hear the Mayor and Council hold
forth about how they liave studied the interest of
the workers, but it is to be sincerely hoped that we
have not exhausted their fund of generosity, and
that t?he new Council will even surpass the efforts
who form the whole life and'soul of the community.
There is another side-to this question, however,
which was lost sight of by the'Mayor and Councillors last Monday night, and this, they failed to regard the light and water as..a public utility, which
should not be run for profit or the benefit of the
big consumer, but in Ihe interests of the majority.
The Council might try encouraging the small consumer to use more current*, and give him even better rates than he at presout has. There is no need
of handing the benefits of a public utility to twenty-fire or fifty nicn, and the argument that eleetrie
light and power can be installed in a business block
for one quarter what it costs to install it in a residential block ia far from convincing, for the
rates are not limited to blocks, but to the amount
consumed, and any mau could erect a factory or
work* oil the outakirUi of the town, which would
entail an extension of the line, and still, by consuming the mjuired amount get the discounts given
to large eonaumers.
Another point, nnd this the Mayor nnd thc Councillors might get into their heads, namely, thnt it
ia the residential Heel ions of this town thnt create
tlie buiririeaN blocks and sustain them. However,
tho last balance aheet should conclusively prove to
the (-ity Council that n reduction to the small eon-
hiuner doe* not necewtni'ily mean a loss to the city.
The prices of current in this town will compare fn-
as one of the basest ingrates, but one of the best
servants of the capitalists with whom he at one
time warred. The workers should not lose sight of
this lesson; it is a splendid exemplification of what
he ■will, require in the future if he desires victory-
History but repeats itself, and what Botha has
been guilty of has happened time and time again.
It shows the shallowness of patriotism and the
scrength of capitalism; it proves beyond a shadow
of doubt to the worker that so long as the present
system maintains so long shall he find the bravest
and tlie best ready to prostitute themselves to the
god .of Mammon. Of course, in Botha's ease it is
"Jaw and order" and the protection of property,
but how' stood property or "law and* order" with
the Boer general in his campaign? Did he respect
them in his efforts to protect liis country? How
then can be expect men fighting for a living—not
a country—but the right to exist as other men exist—to respect them?
There is, unfortunately, often found among the
workers an attempt to construe their philosophies to fit their own petty squabbles and bickering. Some men who, when the shallowness of their
argument and attitude is pointed out to them, realize how mean und debasing such attacks are; others
do not. Without attempting to sermonize, it is
only necessary to point out that when men will
insist upon holding up individuals to explain the
evils of our system, their conception of scientific
Socialism is of the very meanest. The fact that one
or two may have an easy job cuts no figure at all
in upholding or destroying the present system, and
even the abolition of these one or two jobs will not
retard or progress the workers' welfare.
Discontent is, of course, natural. It is the desire of the dispossessed to posses, but when this is
carried to extremes in the labor organization or
Socialist movement, the motives for such become
questionable. The whole trend of the capitalist is
to agree or disagree amicably. Big business interests realize that nothing is gained by fighting one
another, and that tlieir strength lies in the consolidation and the concentration of their efforts. The
trusts are the outcome of this policy, > and
their strength is the result of its fulfilment, and
when labor has accomplished what the trusts have
in the way of consolidation, then indeed will all
men be free from the chains of capitalism, but just-
so long as they can point with derision at the disunion among our ranks, just so long as men's
minds are so narrow that they cannot eliminate
the individual from their philosophy, so long" will
the worker be subject to the thralldom of the present system.
Careful observers of the labor struggle may.'have
noticed that of late there has not been so much talk
of driving Socialists out of the scene of action during strikes, the reason being that in many cases so
many of the rank and file of the strikers are Socialists that such a policy becomes impossible and
ridiculous. Notably is this so in the copper mining
strike now proceeding in the Calumet region,
It is true they deported Moyer, shooting and
beating him up in the process, but this was probably from force of habit, and not knowing just
what else to do. They probably didn't give much
thought to the question of the probability of his
coming back. But thnt is just what he did, as they
might have known, and now the situation, from
their standpoint, is worse than before,
A public investigation is under way, and cannot
now be stopped. A.group of the ablest nnd most
prominent Socialists in the country is now on the
spot, watching future developments, nnd revelations like those of Lawrence and West Virginia nre
in order. The Socialist press is on the nlert to give
thein the widest circulation, nnd even the capitalist
press shows some tendency now to drop its policy
of suppression and concealment of facts regarding
the strike.
It would he too much to miy, perhaps, that because of these developments the strikers are now
certain of winning, but it may be aaid with much
reason that their chances havo improved. The
fact that the striking community in this ease is
strongly impregnated with Socialist knowledge and
principle han tHidotihtrdiy contributed to make
their resistance more stubborn and increase their
v'irably with any town in Canada, ami »■: nee ito J prospect* of u MitcfCNsful conclusion to the strike,
icanon for entering into competition witli the Yu- j Hu! h'rhap* moat aignificant is the distinctly ob-
hon or Alaska. - K''rva,''ft tendeney of a general breakdown nil along
11 lie line of the enpitnl'iHt policy of physical force and
direct action in dealing with strike*.  They worked
it in the limit in Cnhnnet. nud are now in a worse
I pimition than when they inaugurated it.  Kvru their
II the pro** reporfs <Ji>in*r.*il Louis Botha .-oriv.-t. j wretched tool*, the atrikfbreaker* and gunmen, are
lie tun*! tiavi" undergone ;t tvniarknlih* Huiuv"'' '»«»'»*'ur upon them in Khonfa, with bundli-* of affi-
Oit* last  (wive or fourteen yearn    Who would j l]*yH* i«stifyitsir to the abominable treatment they
tmaKilte the IreediMH lovilltt, heroic eiMiiiiiaiHlMIII of   ,, ,     ,,*"*"*v   "<•«■»»«   "«   ««•   worn
,     ,,       A. ,       ,   , they wrre exjtecttil to do, and did do    Doubtful nn
tilt*   lUlff  itll    Ifllllty   ol   UlC  nUltfllM'tlt   111   ••olllH-e-    i, •     4.„,j„,.„..  ,„„„ .       ,, ... , ,. ...
"•»* testimony may be, they will have peculiar <hf-
fiort wilh the pnseiit South Afri.-nn ir.,uhl«* ih»t n.-ulty iu dim-mUtiug it. Duriiijt the terror tb.-y
he "would guarantee tlm) with the end of the : why quite willing to take the testimony of one of
prwent rri*i* thi»r»» would not b<» another worker** i th*"* wretch** affainst that of ten of the utriker*.
To 'the Editor, District Ledger,
F-ernJe, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Would you kindly allow
me a little space in your valuable pa-
pea- in order to explain something that
appeared in 'the last issue of your
paper, muter .the heading of "Michel
Looal Union Notes," an-d which read
"A contract miners' meeting followed
to 'bring certain charges against the
scrutineers in the election for check-
Any outsider reading this might
think that there had heen something
very crooked in this ejection, but
these so-called charges, in the opinion
of the vast majopty of .people here,
were without any foundation whatever.
Ia justice to tlie checkwedgamen,
scrutineers and ail concerned, I take
•the opportunity of 'making this short
explanation of the whole affair.
Michel, B. C„ Jan. 12, 1914.
Editor, The Ledger,
Fernie, B. C,
•Wheatland Centre Local No. 109,
United Farmers of Alberta, affiliated
with the Alberta Federation of Labor,
has forwarded to the Federation the
following resolutions, requesting that
copies be forwarded to yourself and
other parties. The Federation of Labor in Alberta feels that the working
miners now on strike have been given
but very scant consideration at the
hands of the authorities, and trusts
that the many protests entered by various labor forces will have an effect.
The Resolution
Moved by H. L. Wilson, seconded
by H. Renkenberger, and unanimously
"Whereas, the miners of Vancouver
Island have been compelled to strike
for the protection of their lives while
earning their daily 'bread; and
"Whereas, on account of this strike
they have been continually persecuted
by their masters; and
"Whereas, the Government of British Columbia hfes shown a servile partiality In fiavor of the mine owners,
and  persecuted and  imprisoned the
workers, as we believe, in defiance of
law, order and justice; it is hereby
"Resolved, that we, the members
'of Wheatland Centre Local No. 109,
of the United Farmers of Alberta, extend to the persecuted workers of Vancouver Island our heartfelt sympathy
in their struggle for life against their
conscienceless exploiters; and it is
also '',.-■  -'.'     ■ ,'■'■
"Resolved, that we call upon the
law-abiding' and fair-minded  citizens
of British.,Columbia to"redeem their
province from the brutal and disgraceful acts performed by the government
and courts^on Vancouver Island during the recent controversy.
"Wheatland Centre Local, No. 109,
U. F. A., Barons, Alta,, Dec 20th,
"John A. Lund, Secretary."
Alberta Federation of Labor,
B. W. Bellamy, Secretary,
The fight went ithe full length (fifteen
rounds), and was nobody's fight from
start to finish. Both men preserved
excellent good linmor, and as an indication, in the thirteenth round, Burrows rushed Uvanni to the ropes and,
slipping himself, brought the former
dawn with him half way through the
enclosure. Both men arose laughing,
Uvanni proffering his opponent assistance to rise. It was one of those
little incidents, so' rarely seen in the
ring, .but iwas indicative of the clean
sport and good feeling which prevailed
throughout the whole bout The decision was a draw, which appeared to
meet with popular approval. C. Whe-
lan refereed. Jim Burrows is 9©rtain-
ly a marvel and liis latest perforanance
is a decided contradiction of the oft-
•repeated statement that '"they never
eome back."
Joe Uvanni is hoping to make a
match with Billy Weeks at the Coast,
and If he is in a'lfr -condition Joe,
should send Weeks all *thb way. In
any event, we feel sure it would ibe a
good match.
A splendid .evening's entertainment,
value for ,money, and good clean sport.
in which all the combatants displayed
a love of fairness1 and good humor,
was witnessed at the Fernie Athletic
Club on Wednesday night. The opening bout between 'the two Joinson
boys, of six rounds, was well received
by the audience, who appreciated *he
efforts of the lads.
The second bout of four round®, be-'
tween Harry Qutgg and Conroy, was
interesting and some smart boxing
was seen. Conroy was the faster of
the two men, but Qulgg had considerably more weight, and after a smart
four rounds the referee, Pete Wilson,
awarded ithe decision to Conroy.
■ The main event came off ait 11.30,
and was between J. Burrows and J.
Uvanni, Jim Burrows is a .well known
old timer In the Pass, and has fought
many .battles In the ring. He is considerably older than Uvanni and lias
not been actively engaged in the ring
for the last five or six years. Uvanni
has had several bouts in Canada, and
has got ithe decision over Dick Marshall! on two occasions. He gives
every 'promise for the future, and the
way he shaped on Wednesday night
was ample evidence that he has both
science and ring craft at his command*.
In addition to the usual program of motion
A. B. Shoemake, Manager
All on a Summer Day
A Circes Comedy-Drama
The Dawning
Vitagraph Special in Two Parts
A Western Feature by G. M. Anderson
A Flurry in Diamonds
An Excellent Comedy mad® hy Es&any
A Secret of the Safe
A Three-Heel Drama of Unusual Interest
The Lighthouse Keeper
and a Comedy that will make you laugh
ADMISSION       '- - 10 and 15 cents
Matinee 5 and 10 cents
Card of Thanks
John L. OatM wiihei to thank a]] tbot« who
helped, by vote or boost, to Mcure hit return u
chief magistrate of the oity of Fernie.
itt *
One continuous Laugh.    Introducing singing
ADMISSION ::        20c 4fe lOc
Fri. and Sat. 25c Matinee Sat. 2.30 Pictures only
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. Ai CALLAN, Prop.
Stephen T. Humble
For Skates, Hockey Sticks, Heaters
Ranges, Furniture, Stationery etc
We have a complete new
stock of
Groceries & Canned Goods
Also several  Salvage lines away below cost
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
SNAP—180 Acrot Farm In famous
Pincher Cr-wk district with good
cash market for everything. Na*
house, barn, urn nary, all fenced and
cross fenced; 60 acres under cultivation; Hpk'N-Jlil water syrinx; anil,
black clay loam; school same ite-
tion; |K»Kt office 2-. miles; * mites
from town. Cheap, all cash or MM
down, balance to suit purchaser.
Would tike to no Kaat. Address:
A. B. Pctmlng'ton. Plncb#r V'r-wk.
Alberta 130
Camp.  Coal  Creek, cheap.    Apply
Win  ltu.vli.Uou, WcUU Camp,       U3
Xi9JL%9    JL XXJZfdfiL JL Jt&JCt
Mriki- in .>mUi Alli. a lor » tf<HM;ration."
I      .   .
it   .,,, ****** iih-j t«u imniit iww rwiilf-im dial iiirar IHiowa i "V »*•««}»*««> *«-K.M I Mitt lor
,   ,..,.. ■.    ■ <• _ i  i .i    ii       ,*ix,*u ftukfujr, v*m»t tut$ atrium* nav* hiwhvm known ;   av« im
non r>nl thnt thi* vorv men who ilffcnffftl tho l-^r*' *. . • A¥* "'
, <twm lo W, linn, twrjumr*. bnlli.ii mnl munl-wm. j
•gihrt *H the jiw«m an-l mmAhn I^^^*»« . t|„. drripl «nd ^-um of tlw httinwi r«« pw^l inlol
«li<*t|iUy«*l during the lt-wr wnr iif HWHMIHM, »h.»til«i) thi* norv'u** ttt ««a|»it*li«m
r   t t» ,i
im. KMttii k »»».»> ki* \hk Hiitittttintt' n*'
Port SALE-i-4mtp. « rooBM-4 v*omt-
«*i Moww on half lot. No. 79 "
<w Atotmt*, Annp*.   Apply, Ji
t*i.f,9t:t,...    i.   * ft-"
*. >■<*....,. -,9t*
rapitalMt* whom tmtln bo fought m dwiwrntoljr t,»! »«It etiinwniirnlly to th«- «trikM*, the Cnliimft t>pi*
tMml.   Tim* nfter time, U»«« l«U»r nu'inWr* m'w*1* «iU hnv" «',,i"i * *>w th«w*n«l ««««. .U'tt-r-
■n   ... t»_t. t    i i .l      «:       r .i    ii  .   i   '"''"''i fwhirr* t<» lh«» roitk* of i)nm* vtihono infl-t'X-
ChnMt Britain «l*noun<v.I th« grtion of tin- Hntnh  ...    ..   ...     . ....      _    '      ,. ,. .    "     ,
.  .   „ .,,h,p ""J*"'* '* lhp abolition of the capitalist inmlo of
Gorernmtnt ami tho How war; tin* «ft.»r um*', nt i r,nM|„,ti,in  „„>, ttm, hrnm.h m ^^f^ ^^
tlw «ih! of th« »*r *«a th*« r«««t«r»tt.»n of i»h*,•.»„,, jk. jarKr|y »W|nWiit«l by tht WoeiiiHat prm
the LaLur j.:*iI A-iwulUt (i-iila^ uf (lvv.a UniX*. ilriviu« tlu; 1v*m»u *,{ il»,- MlriW homu t«» uiuhittiil-t^j
ttffppd wfioii tlw (pr»r*»rnm*nl His* n«,*eemity of hom.» °f worker* eisewher«. |
nlm in «o«th Africa   Itut llotha «n<l hia *mm»u-«     ^I tor« *««l diiwt actfem in atrik« tnm
,      . _ .... .      •"""**      . ^ -Wipiti'Ut aMe **f the ranfliet ia w»«r takinir on
nrv employ wl to maintain th«» pnwnt lytAem, ami   .   jtL^^^.^*     , .   ■ - AA   .    ,    ,
their attitnda .ml aet«.na will m»t l»e l««t upon th*  *,„.&,Wsf, llllir„ u„t;t.,^kt> l|uku www tWfw^-N.V^
worden.   Ifotto '• name will §» down to po*tmty  york f*gif.
Mining Classes
ilMo Mining Instnttfor. SanaHnn
Uu»tn«wt lolieiHi
Will coich a few StudenU
for Second and Third cUft
22BetlitineA»e.    FERNIE
EXTRA SPECIAL for Saturday Matinee and Evening
The Great Gripping "Gaumont" Feature
^^^* JK%w mSS Kj Mmt9 %tHr ^^.^p
A Detective Picture ^vrorth Seeing
Although thit ia a special feature, the prices will remain the same on
Coming Soon        Coming Soon        Coining Soon
Sir Walter Scott's
in % Reels %
^^w*—'«^— pi" *    -«—-■imiiwi-ini.il —im niiiiii*aiiiiww*M»w^wwiww«iiwi»^iiiiiiiii i •mtwmMmimmmmMtwmmtm-m--mimm*-*-*mtst^
'♦MILLERS  MOVIES" Always the best m the Film Market THE DISTRICT LEDGBB, FERNI*!, B. C, JANUARY 17, 1914.
ft*** ********* v*** I
■t«****»»»**ili»»»»^h>**»***■**»»»»»¥» »»»»»» »»******'»»'' »*»>***•»***»*»*i«»»*»ll»»»»»■*»*>*»*»»«r*-<
News  of The  District Camps
t^H^^**y **»»»»■»»*»»**-***»¥ »»¥»»»»»<
■f y Y V y Y Y Y 'I
My-p-ov-ov* »¥¥»»«««««*»**»***»»*»»*»*»*»»
♦ ♦
•Mr. Edward Barker, who has .been
in this caiap for .some time, left this
week tor his home in Yorkshire, Eng-
Mr. George Copeland left this week
lor the North to take ia position as
pit boss. He -has lately been employed
at Burmis ate ,fire boss. His friends
wish him every success.
The Bellevue hockey team went to
Blairmore on Friday and played the
latter team, but. came home defeated,
although by no means disgraced. The
same teams meet again on Fridav,
16th. Come and boost for the best
team in the Pass.
Mr. John Hutton left camp this-
week for *he north country.
The junior hotkey team went to
Hillcrest on Sunday to play the kids
of that camp a friendly game. The
boye came home defeated to the tune
of 3-10. Never mind, beys, you'll do
better iaext lime.
The now hospital, which haa be-pn
'built tor Dr. McKenzie, will be opened
this week. It will be one of the finest
ln the Pass and have all the latest
Bob Levitt left this week for the International Convention. He will he
absent for a couple of weeks.
Mm. Joe. Allison entertained a number ot Meads at her home on Sunday
last.   ,."   "■
The aawrtversary of Bobble Burns
will be held in the Workers' Hall, on
Jan. 23, nt 7.30 p.m. The chair will be
taken by Mr. J. R. McDonald, assisted
by Dr. McKenzie, and a concert of appropriate and popular selections will
he rendered. The price of admission
will be one "tone." Dancing at 11.30
p.m. Refreshments witli be served and
the public are asked to please take notice that this will be the only notice
of this event Don't forget the date,
Jan. 23, at 7.30 p.m.   •>,
The  newly-formed   branch   of   the
Lpyal Orange Lodge held their meeting on Thursday and elected their office™, tho following being elected:
VforoMpfuI master, Bro. Thomas Bradley; deputy, Bro. John Allanby; chaplain, Bro. G. W. Goodwin; recording
secretary, Bro. F. Badgett; financial
' secretory.    Bro.    Luther    Goodwin;-
treasurer, .'Bro.  Watts Goodwin;' dl-
reotor of ceremonies, Bro.  W. Connors: flrflt lecturer, Bro. J. R. McLeod.
The election for the Order of Owls
took place on Sunday last   The fol-
' lowing are officers: President Bro. E.
W. Chrisble; vice president. Bro. Fred
Ohappell; invocator. Bro. Albert Padgett;   secretary, Bro. Fred Padgett;
treasurer,   Bro.   Robert   Cummings;
warden.,  Bro. Geo. Christie;'  pfcftetn
'.Marland.   After the installation of of-
flcem the members had a nice social,
the pplnolpal beverage being Muteine.
The Bugles had a meeting on Saturday and .Instailed their officers after
a «oeiel.
A further, piece of correspondence
from A. J. Carter drew our attention
to the fact that the Internationa! had
made it possible whereby our Local
secretaries could be bonded. Anyone
cbnvensant^with *a.-*recent happening in
the District will welcome the news
and act accordingly, as seen as the
necessary forms'arrive.
Our pit committee made their weekly report of business done with the
superintendent, which included subcontracting, new men being hired
whilst Old hands were without places,
stolen fools, all of which were settled
to the satisfaction of the 'Local. The
cammdttee also reported'"success in
getting the company rate of wages for
a place which has been in dispute for
a few weeks. '-• .      .
Our usuai pleasuring committees
were appointed and our meeting ter*
minated with the following motion:
That the secretary post notices to
the effect that we desire all members
present at our next regular meeting,
when we will either concur or nonconcur with the resolutions of our committee; also, our delegate to the convention will be chosen, and as it is
desirable that our best men represent us, come one and all and do the
♦ By Observer ♦
♦ ♦
It seems that even the school janitors are sharing ln the prosperity tliat
we have been waiting so long for. At
Passburg the janitor previously re--
ceived ?50 per month, but since the
end of last month his wage Is now according to report something like $30
a month. If this prosperity would but
drift over us, how happy we should be
Tom iMerriman and Dai Randall,
■from Coleman, were visitors here this
week and also to Police Flats. After
enjoying themselves, which they did
during their short stay among their
many friends, thqy started to try and
find their way out. After striking a
•number of different trails they proceeded due west and we trust that
they reached home safely. (Come
oftener, boys, and learn a little more
of the country.)       ,
The mines here were idle on Tuesday and it is being rumored that there
will be nothing doing until after the
15th of this month. But never mind,
boys, as soon as the operators use all
ot their surplus we shall have all
kinds of work piling.up more, so that
they may want not    '
The financial statement of the benefit dance for H, Yearly, of Burmis,
(Which took place
The mines have been in operation
since Christmas with the exception of
last Saturday. No more Sunday work
at Buranisi.
Last week our secretary was posting three notices notifying the mine
•iworkers cf the convention call of District No. 18, one on the post office,
one on ifche lamp house and another at
the mouth of the tunnel. Shortly after
along comes an official of the coal
company on his way to the tipple. He
stopped and read the announcement,
which was in three different languages. After satisfying his hungry soul,
he had the audacity to tear down, the
notice, -but nothing was said to him,
because our secretary carnie to the
comcilusion that It was only the depth
of this official's ignorance tliat made
Wm aot so foolishly. However, we
are given to understand that this is
not the only time that our secretary
has been treated with contempt by the
officials of the Davenport Coal Company. Guess tbey would like to see
you at Macleod, Tom.
The regular meeting of Burmis Local Union, which was held Sunday
morning, in Murphy's Hall, and although it was not strongly represented
they appointed our secretary (Tom
Harries) to represent Local at the
eleventh annual convention. The only
grievance whioh is still pending Is a
compensation claim and a reiftund
which was Illegally deduoted 4from
the miners' wages for tool sharpening
since November, 1911.     -
The Observer, as you are all aware,
ds one of the pupils In the tango school
and is not what you may can a polished dancer as yet, although he has
gained sufficient courage to acconn-
ipany a young lady to the.school each
night. But, unfortunately, the young
woman is not over pleased. Let us
know, Mr. Editor, how to humor people. ,., (Given up trying long ago.—Ed.)
♦ - ' ♦
♦   Bellevue
Union Note*
Last week .the mine here worked full
time, but has not started this week so
far. Overfilling the orders Is apparently responsible for the temporary
Mr. Pitcher, consulting engineer,
and Mr. W. 'Maxwell, superintendent,
Lethbridge, paid a visit of Inspection
to Beaver on .Tuesday of this week.
A free farewell dance will be held
in the new hall on Wednesday, the
14th inst., in connection with the departure of Miss Ruth Crosby, who is
about to leave here on the 21st inst.
to take up the nursing profession at
Calgary.   A free supper will also be
tion of engineer in Chinook power
Rev. W. S. Young and Mrs. Wilcox
.attended 'the Sunday School convention, at Bellevue on Tuesday.
Monday was an exciting day in town,
being the election of councillors. Voting began at. 2 o'clock aud continued
till 9 o'clock, and the ratepayers showed their interest in town affairs by
turning out to the polls. Three of
those nominated the previous week
had 'Withdrawn their names from the
list, namely, McDonald, Dunlop and
Wheeler. When the votes were, counted that evening, the following results
were given out: Wilson, 42; Wefr, 40;
McGowan, 31; Morgan, 19; Thomas,
On Tuesday night the Prank Hockey team journeyed to Coleman, also a
•long line of supporters. Frank is always there when It comes to some one
to shout The game started about
8.30. The first 20 minutes was rather
slow, nothing exciting happening except a long shot by Ford, of Frank,
whitch got Into the net before the Coleman goal keeper was aware of its
closeness. The second period showed
fast hockey on both sides, bringing
the score to 3-3. The third period
was the fastest hockey seen this year.
Well on in the period Coleman managed to score and it was thought the
game would finish without any more
goals, but another long shot from Ford
fooled Holmes again, tying the score
again*, and in that way it finished, after which the referee called the teams
to play off 5 minutes each way, but
Frank .refueedto do so. The Coleman
fellows faced off and scored their goal
and then they called it a win for themselves. Some seemed very sore about
Frank's action in not .playing off, but
what was the use? Coleman informed them when they went on the Ice
that the game was protested. Frank
fellows gave them a good game and
didn't see the use in going out to work
hard any -longer, Frank is in the
league for the sport of it Others
seem bound to win the cup even if it
is by protest, etc. Coleman comes to
Frank to play on,Thursday night.
Report of the Frank Xmas Tree Fund
Received from Bohemian peo- $
pie (per F. Wefrk .........   30.75
Received from Bohemian Gymnastic Society      5.00
Collected by W. Hilton and E.
'Blais  ...;     44.95
Sanatorium Hotel and Guests
(per W. J. McGowan)      5.00
A, 1. Blais—one box of oranges
Cooperative Store—one box of
»v Our meeting convened as usual at
2.30 p.m. with the president in the
chair, before a fair crowd.   The flr»t
Item waa Iho adoption of tbe minutes,
followed by correspondence from Pre*.
..Smith and Sec-Tress. A. J. Carter,
lldrawlng oar attention to the nearness
_M our eleventh annual convention.
most of tliolr suggestion* being very
|tjnwdy.    Aa it is up to each Local
Union to make itself familiar with
i any flaws tbat exist in constitution,
\greei»enlo, by-la ws.   Aa regards the
|-*oi*  progressive  preamble,  recotn-
, mended by Pres. Snifcb. w« were »•
Hher at a Ibm to understand what ho
kally desired along that line.  But In
]o event af lt appealing to our dole-
i or delegate*, they have the power
.support It or vice versa.
'Tho question of equitable taxation
win that we bare been discussing
!«re tor some time, and any measure
Jgt haa tke purpose ot equalising the
(axeo ef (he highest and lowest paid
Vork-t-r, will have the support of thia
ead tlie appreciation or the
(tJThft gueotton of makln* the recall
I iters tmctleable ft alto very eeason-
lable aad any imam whereby this clio
Fho AuttMatod will have the support of
(this Local. Thtt present machinery
\_» tm from Moir everything dealred.
• re-namme-ndatlon tbat nominations
IMetrhd offleers take pkae on*
it* later will be left In (he hande
detonates, aa the president
[gnvo aa aa aloe In hie circular tor the
fadtMMVtr «| a chance. The quee-
I tion of tto todebtednee« of Loeal UU
IwiH take tkm aawe course, for tlie
OT.-^^rTIc^reoW^at fl each, |99;
musicians, $5; floor powder, {2.25; refreshments, $13; printing, $8; income,
$99; expenditure. $28.25; balance.
$70.75. We are given io understand
that some of the persona who participated In the selling of tickets are
not as yet In a position to collect all
the money for tickets sold. However,
this la not gentlemanly on the part of
anyone who retains the dollar after
obtaining a ticket. Dig up, boys, the
person you Intended to benefit Is in
need of it,
•Mr. and Mrs. Dave Morris, of Bellevue, were visitors at the Paaiburg
Hotel on Sunday laat
The Passburg collieries were idle on
Friday last, owing to shortage of box
cars. It Is also rumored that the coal
company Intends laying of! a number
of day shift men.
Mr. Levi Johns has severed bis connection with Leltch Coal Company.
Mr. Jack Howells and George Rosy
blow Into the city last week with the
intention of cumplng here daring the
winter. Nothing doing around Pocahontas for single men, aaya Jack.
Mr. T. H. Duncan and family arrived hack Saturday morning after fonr
ntjoyable months In the land of the
thlatle.   "Canada for roe," aaya Tom,
Mr, Harry While, whs.been suffering for ilio last two week* with In
rrlppe. enn be heard again calling
out "gent* to the right, ladles to the
left." We are glad to hear you, Harry, If we are not In a position to see
Mr. Mike Klnnlck. an old timer in
the Ptmt, blew In from Calgary last
Friday. (Says Mike: "Me no savvy
Tbe Saturday evening's entertainment at Passburg haa tlvnn great
pleasure to many a lonely heart In and
outside of the beautiful burr, and the
Observer hopes that It may continue
to entertain through the winter.
Tha Maple Leaf Coal Company are
still developing No. 1 seam aad to
far as they have annk <he alope |j
seems that the seam Is Improving,
tiie thickness of the sean hetng about
eight feet of dean coal with about
sixty digress pitch. Wa hope that
But w« would UkeUMMthls vein will continue to improve.
ateptm fragest to remember the bacons* we are of the opinion when-
Total cash
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
9- ♦
On Monday night, Jan. 12, a fiare-
weM dance was given in the Coleman
Opera House in honor of Mr. Cameron,
who has retired from business as a
jeweller owing to ill health. Mr. Cam-
eron was Coleman's first mayor, and
fulfilled the duties to the entire satisfaction of the inhabitants. He has
also .been chairman of the School
Board for a number of years. He goes
on an extended tour of the eastern
provinces of Canada, also visiting his
najtive straths and burns of bonnie
Scotland, where the scent.of the bonnie 'blooming heather, it is hoped, will
bring renewed health to him. The
lunch provided by Mrs. and Mr. East-
on was by far and away the best provided for the guests assembled in
coleman in honor of Mr. Cameron for
a long time. About forty couples occupied the floor for the dance, many
of Mr. Cameron's friends coming in
from the various places. A most enjoyable night was spent by ail.
'Born, at the Coleman Miner?* Hospital, on Jan. 9, a son, to Mr. and Mrs.
D. H. Hyslop. Mother and child are
doing well,
Mrs. Brennen, of Coleman, is visit-
weeking friends in Lethbridge for
the week.
Dr. R. T. Ross left on Tuesday
morning's flyer for Spokane to give
evidence to a case brought against the
C. P. R. by Thomfes Kennedy, of the
Croiy's Nest, for $20,000 for the loss
of an arm*, which happened exactly
one year ago at .the Coleman depot
On Sunday night, the 11th, ahout 6
pjn., the Coleman fine brigade were
called out to what might have -terminated in a serious fire In the Cameron Block. Fortunately, one of the
fire brigade noticed the cause of tho
fire and quickly had the brigade on
the scene and In a very short space
of time had the fire under control.
An Orange Lodge has been formed
in Coleman and the following were
installed as officers; Rev. D. J. Watkins Jones, W. M.; J. L. McKinnon,
D. M.; W. Antrolus, chaplain; F. R.
J. Phenix, recording secretary; Hlnra
Dougan, treasurer; J. Falrburn, director of ceremonies; J. Dlnney, first lecturer; J. Gregory, second lecturer; J.
Mitchell, first committee man.
From some unexplained reason the
horses attached to the milk wagon
wniclx supplies Coleman with uuik
took fright and bolted, and a smash-up
took place in, the Main Street, whereoy
the owner came to the loss of ahouc
titty gallons of iniik.
given on thi^bccaalQa^by_4he^¥4|^ forget the nicht^-i' Burns on
[.The i
[of o«r
wo received Aon our In-
le-RWttosftl aad as ye have freely re-
Vet red, freely give.
Ttwt-e win be other resolutions com-
'.ng from this Loeal by neat week, and
Uwiag to tho mino being on alack tlmo
}m rnmlwUm committee have plenty
[ <* time to dig ont some flaws in our
♦ ♦♦
♦ ♦
r«i^* -** U» |»t**« jut* nml
oil onr efforts art for your
Soered (Vineert every Hun-
il.iy nifclit with um*v. Wy the
hytk   Orrheolni   of   five
mie HEME GO.
mux. teams of mat ths miners gen
emllr settle down to work Instead of
a sating their time eoutlnosllr the
same aa they have been doing In tbe
The mlaes are working fairly steady
inst at preMuit sad we eipect t*r>
•hortly to seo them fall blast
Ttegater meeting of Maple Lear Lo
i"*! VrMn •»!?'. be held lo Union Matt,
Maple Leaf, Randay moralng. at 10.20,
wht*n all member* are ro-qoaatad to
W^k  iuu«<a<Ml
in* j*w -nwijii.,
T fl llsrries waa np ber* on Mon
day Isat nnmnlfttig and found eom*-
tfelag like seven new men to join the
tmlmi. Let una alii wear tike battoo,
«»ya. aad eodeavov to tm otto******
tost ow seeretarr. IVmb Mstrlft. is
oalMag too first wai* of eaeb noma.
"Ito mMMf "w-rt; mi t&ej&lnt aeek
of mm gwaoi ' siwiago weoit, well,
wall, wiat do yea tMnk tbe mtnen
ate mad* tot nothnm*
Mr. awd Mrs. J, Tbobisoo. of flea
Cetambia Hotel. Wbo. are vfaHJog
ibetr daagfeter. Mr* Daaeao. of -Um
Paaabarg Hotel.
l^eol Vmttm, held m tbo 111* last In
Mevafc tlell. tV>m Harries «>■ d«l»
1 sated to ■rnwwt'nt. f-oeni 5tJ2 a,t t&e
etwtwth aaeeal  IHmrtti Ooarenttoo
led tho Vntt*4 Wm Wwtw of km*r-
Friends 'oT Ruth, and apparently a
jolly good night is in store for those
(who will take this opportunity of bidding her au revolr. We wish you
every success in your new venture.
Ruth, for you have been the life and «orfl „_ t,._^
soul of every social function held In * ™,,°nJi*™
Beaver for the past few years.
About a month ago the ash dump
In connection, with the boilers caught
fire, owing, it Is supposed, to hot live
cinders being tipped among the ball
burned rubbish. As the whole dump
was apparently ln a state of combustion and the fire had forced Its way
to the large coal heap on the aouth
side, several men and two teams bad
to be employed to cut a chasm between the coal and aeh dump heaps.
For the first time In Its history
Beaver Mines will take part In celebrating the lfiBth anniversary of the
birthday of Robbie Burns. A strong
committee, composed of six braw Scot
laddies and an equal number of bonnie lassies, all pure bred and old country born, has been appointed, with
•Mr. Tom Moody secretary. Bob Brown
president and Dave MuJr vice president Owing to tbe 25th falling on
Sunday, and both balls being engaged
on the Saturday and Monday nights,
it wss agreed to do one over on Bobby
by celebrating his birthday on Friday
ovonln-ff, the 23rd Inst, A concert, supper snd dance has been arranged to
take place In the Pioneer Hall, com-
menclng at 7.30 p.m.. and finishing at
3 a.m. on the Hth. Tickets tl.SO each
gentlemen, ladles frae. Although all
exiles from the land o' cakes or their
descendants are cordially Invited, It
is tbo committee's Intention to give all
admirers of the plowbor poet an on-
Krtunlty ef taking part In tbe eelfr
ttlon and while a Scotch committee
will occupy the hnlf back and forward
territory, with an Ensllsh goal keeper,
Nova Scotlsns snd Canadians ran play
on tho wings, whilst representatives ef
the rose and shamrock will be kicking
llko devils from fall bsck to feed tbe
forwards. Surely sll tbls will be In
conformity witb tho sentlmsnts ef tho
poet who preached the brotherhood of
man and wrote and sang Is tbo following strain:
Then let as pray thst eome what msy,
As rome It will for a' that.
IImM man to man. the world o'er.
Will brothers ba and a* lhat!
Dr. D*laney was railed away aboat
tbe middle of laat week to im a rela*
tire who Is eertoualy III In California.
The poop-fa of flentfr Join in wlaWng
yoa fled sne-fd. dorlor. and in hoping
aid A. I. Blais
Stocking Materia! and fittings
Tree   Trimmings   and   other
small iteme	
Mr. G. B. Stedman was a visitor' to
Conbin on Friday last, coming up on
the special train.
Mr. C. Graham took in the sights
of Fernie on Friday last.
(Mrs. G. Spencer and her sister, Mrs.
Bobmson, are taking in the sights or
Fernie this week.
*iMn George Gregory, of Michel, was
a visitor to Corbin, attending to tihe
big danioe. It is rumored that George
intends giving us a grand dance in the
near future.
Tto' grand opening of the Corbin
Hotel (was held In the hotel on Fri-
aay last, the 9th inst., and the cere-
money included the finest dance ever
held in Corbin^ The Fernie orchestra
was in attendance. Dancing was kept
up until 6 o'clock on Saturday, and
ax the close the ladies showed more
life than their partners.
Tom Owen has moved into the house
lately vacated by Dave McClennan.
Joe iMabt has taken up the position
of brakesman on the B. B. C. Hallway.
A quawel arose between some Hus-
sians and a Spaniard and ended in a
couple'of them being locked up in the
coop for the night. The trial took
place at Michel, on Monday, when
they were both fined.
The Hong looked for rotary snow
plow came on Monday, but before it
can he taken on the road it will have
.to undergo repair.
We are pleased to state that Joseph
Ohala, who has 'been sick for the last
week, has started to work again.
It was passed at a public meeting
last Sunday that a committee of -six
be picked to approach the coal company and the government about getting an up-to-date hospital built in Corbin, as the present one is not suitable
for operations.
Messrs. George Spencer and Monte
GladwJn are the bartenders at the new
A F. McRae met with an accident
to his hand, but we are pleased to say
that, it is coming on fine.
.ur. and iMrs. Charles Graham took
In the Masonic dance held in Fernie
on Thursday last.
We are sorry to state that Wm,
Walker received a wire from the
coast last Wednesday night saying
that his brother-in-law had taken sick
and died.
Dave Brown has moved down to No.
4 mflne.
Everybody get ready for the masquerade ball which is to be held in
the Club Hall on the 25th inst.
♦ ♦
♦ _„_TA_BER-NQT£S *>
blow on the hand.   The miners' hand
was in attendance.
A by-eleotion takes plaoe on Jan.
26 to fill a vacancy on the council
caused by the resignation of Gordon
Dickson, manager of the Royal Bank,
who was one of the four elected at
the regular electron. Alex Patterson
will be the nominee of the miners.
•A concert will be held in the Miners'
Hail, Monday, Jan. .19, in, aid of the
miners'library.   Tickets, fifty cents.
The new town ^uncil have 'reinstated Dan McLeod, tlie .policeman
who was laid off by the old council.
In future the police department are^
to have charge of the pound and that
will help, to pay one man's salary.
,T<wn Schoefleld and Dick Jones have
drawn their time and gone across the
line to seek work.
Will Fury has also taken out his
tools and gone to Montana.
Sam Stubbart and family have removed back to town from the river,
where they have lived the hist five
(Further Camp News on  Page Six)
Realty Co.
Jan. Z'i, in tue coieman opera iiou*e,
ac 7.30 p.m.
Lost—A gold watch, on Xmas Day.
Finder will oe rewarded on returning
same to Grand .Union or Coleman Ho-
A progressive whist drive is taking
place Dy the members ot Su Ajtoan a
unu-rcu auu some ciose games have
resulted so far.
Mrs. J. Scott has arrived homo after spending,^ two weeks' hoiiaay in
Calgary witb friends.
Wheu visiting Coleman, don't forget
•to visit, the Opera House and picture
shows, the most comfortable picture
nouso in the 1'ass, and don't you forget it.
On Tuesday night, the 13th, tho
Coleman and Fran* hockey teams mot
in a very fast au4 exciting game ou
the Coleman rink. The ice waa In
spienuid condition, which enabled the
players to show some of the finer
touches of the game. The rink waa
crowued with supporters of both
teams and the excitement was Intense from sun to finish. Borne
splendid individual runs were made
hy piayero ou both sides and on ibe
call of time neither side could claim
advantage over the oihnr. Tho gnmo
•resulted ia four goals cu<-b.
Jack Williams, of the Coleman hock-
oy club, has accepted a situation In
Oanmore, and will play for the Can-
more club tor the remainder of the
season. Tbls Is a big lois to the local
club. Jack ia a fast snd fearl®** player.
Mr. J. BelmsaL of tbe General Film
Company, of Calgary, wbb a Coleman
visitor on Monday, the 12th, on banners.
A social and connert hi* b«tti nr-j
ranged and will take place in the!
Eagles' Hall. nnd-»r th*- OH*-r -.f ".-.,..
♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
............ $84.60
  $ 1.10
Children treated. 272,
WM. T. YOUNG. Sec.-Treas.
♦ '♦,"♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
£ ■     * ■ ♦
♦ '. ■ '♦
Tbe cold storage plant for the Calgary Drawing Co. is now completed.
L. Deah), who superintended tho construction, has returned to Calgary.
A record crowd of rooters took In
the game at the Blairmore rink between the locals and Bellevue, on Friday night*, when the Blairmore boys,
In spite of the great game the visitors
put up, came out winners by 4-3. Tbe
Blairrooro Brass Band gave several
selections during thi- waiting periods.
Tlio election and installation of officers will take plare at the next regular meeting of the itialrmore Order of
Owls, All members are requested to
Tho Blairmore *choo| was bpened
definitely on Wednesday last
I). A. Sinclair returned on Saturday
night from Owen Sound, Ont., when
ho has been visiting.
Uio skating rink was attain opened
on Thursday night after being etooad
for several days owing to th» mild
weather which made skating impossible.
A choir has been organlied in connection with tbo Baptist Church, under tbe leadership of Mrs. Keith, and
consists of some fine local talent.
The funeral took plate on Tuesday 	
afternoon of PdKe Dtr.uiur, w(k> died (Owls, for fhe benefit of Mr. T. Boueh-
in tlie Frsnk hospital after a short III- er.   All visiting Owls to Coleman on
ness which lasted about two daya.  AI tbat date aro weloMM
snort sen Ice, conducted by the preel-
Times ure pretty dull around Taber
this month. None of the mines aro
wtorking steady. The Canada Wost
mine only worked one day since New
Year, but wHl work tomorrow (Thursday). Quite a number of men have
drawn their time and gone seeking
work elsewhere.   .
Vice President Graham was In town
on Friday on some business In connection with the Block mine.
On Monday night tho first hockev
league game was played between Medicine Hat and the local team, which
ended in a win for the visiting team
t>y a score of 3-2. The home team are
all new players, with the exception of
"Doe" Barbour, who Is the onlv one
left of tho team known as the "Chefs."
The game was a vary rough exhibition
and one Taber player will bo out of
the game for a while owing Xo a bad
Now is  the time
for protection
Ton cannot afford
to lose when we
can  protect   you
Agents for Ollvsr Typewriter
Co. Machines at 17 cents per
dent of tbe Local Union, was held In
tbo Miuers' Mall, which wsa sttrndHI
by a very large number of tbe mem
bers of tbo Unlbn. A largo number
of members of tbe BMrmors Order
of Owls, of wbk-h tbe deceased was a
member, wwo also in attendant*
Bob Ante! was down from Coleman
oo Tuesday,
<R#v. J. f. Hunter attended tin* Xuti
day school conference, which wss tw»l<t
at Bfltavua on Taesdiv etirh'
♦ ♦
♦ Coleman Local Union Nstss   ♦
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnlib your hnuw from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.  Call, write, phone or wire.   All orders given
prompt attention.
If you sre satisfied, toll others.   If net sstlsflsd, tsll us.
The iMicrae motor omnibus was in
yoa will find something satiable in (town on Tuesday afternoon,
tbat beaotlfvt and rhsrmlng b^lth'   A ho*im same w*t •*»y#t m «„:<
resort. jday nlth« between tb* H-rrofw «t i ntv bnl»««
Jibe Blairmore efevea  wfifch resulted!    Th* M'-1* «alinut«»l
Tbe regular meeting of tbe Cur-mm
dale Local, h-cld on Jan. II, wsa fairly
w««H tvpresentHl. T3»e president. J. o
L Maodonald. in tbe chair.
Tbe ndnnt#* nf thn previous ine-vt-
Ins *er<» w»4 and * lf?p",*A,
Moved and ae-rondH 'tbat wo ac-
rept »b«» <«iTi*-a|ienderp*» and to rom*
'*».!. fi*r iMJwtt*!***. *uid«*r |b* h-wed of
*-*fe handed
In a win for tbe leruba by J-J.   tod.]™** te <*i» tltnim- c-cnimutf* an I it
Torcott bad tbe mtsfortnne to ram*' ff»"r"* <~otrr<f ho paid.
In contact with on* ot tbe "kMs,"'   Th* appointing of a d*l*«*t* to ib«
raiting bis fa*** pretty badly. . IVatrirt f-onventlnn wn* ?•*ft tn hN-v
Miss Naxot Knn Is, during * mm* of otue for two weeks,
j'eiwefc tb^ •2lp" wblrb wsa betnei   An m>w**t was m*** t*\ i noMi»
Dr.  MeRsv haa moved W* k«>«»lnhM **.** "    ■•■*■ ... T.»t.„«^ wm,-,■*****«*<. ••**» *** -mmtmat sorb fori
*»«<. nm..** iu tmitmorf. Tee bospiiaMbsd (N» nsisfortim* to fall -mi «v i?, '"tit* »-,- t.'i i   u,,.(,•;.,.. ;„. tk, .,*,.,*...*.» ,
F. H. Thompson Go
"Tl»« Quality Store*
Groceries, Dry Goods, Crockery
& Everything in Boots & Shoes
You All Want the Best in What you Wear
.W Om wrwtiwirr of ber right bawd i ** vnaM* Mm to  p-mwd  liack   to
Miss CaMer arrived t*om V"<!!Hep ' ■'*«* mat by *»oti*er piayera abater, t iMglom.    Tto l<oeal voted him tlm
list on ibarsday last sad baa opened (sevoriac m anery*    M  fl* tVawDow. ««m «# ♦*» w. 'of :h* *mti**mi iuui
«g»  'ifc*   'Htittvw'.mr.tj   ivosa   ia   tlkej'of tbo dnut store, trenderod lint aid.!   Tto sick and acrldcn* romailtt**
•rfcoel. Two mam wore *rr*etad oot Mar f repottedl that the tw<[*t*% ot ihi* m%.<~-%
Mr. R 3. rergwann. wbo hns been  Poys reaUonsat m  U'«dee***r nt-' w*r* tw f-n-wn »**,.» -    ♦ ^
tn *be t^nmm fnr im-ei' —--? :.-. ? ;.^    ......a.!*. »« -wtoMt m»*<««. «or eaoslag • >*-*■**
tef*» as nmoagcr of tlio VnUm Ilsak
at lltnereaa. left ea Wedaeodiy ason-
tag for a similar peaittoo at nrasav
Isike. Before loaviag Ms maay frteads
gave a Csrewall baa^eet at the Usaa-
torlam oo Mooday alabt. all of whom
wisi bim stoadsat seerwss ta Ms new
•Mr A  I  IHaia ba« mated Mo bwi- jrted by a score of (4
dlstorbooco by fighting f   Others matter* r»««>if#d xht* mm*
The  daare  gfrm   »>   We«ne*Mav j tloa of tb* Ism»I.
night hy the maaagemf* t of tke fUn-,    A maikm betas ta onirt to a tlootn.
atarlam Hotel was Hrt*-lr sttftwJ*J Alii- mwtJna adkwroed
A  frtaodly  game of  hockey  was *
played on W«dONidai afternoon **»{♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦<►♦♦<►
tareeg tb«' barhsk»f» sad huoed-kta •' ♦
»r Ut- m*T
old stand te fhe balli! I    M!k«* Itr****.
ttt nu.ti Uw tit-w*i*»»M.)»*»' eiiwe tM **Ammitmitm*-r tm tafc!t.,f afn^a-rtta.
(    VlMttmm ia f*3s*M«tb are butm* heid I    M*as »«■'*" H^Mn. « .•• #rv rf^'V*
The liareofwrt Catl Cesspaay hare every Meodsy sad Thoradar nitht in jly fm4M *r*m." a * ' ^»  te line
heea IntmwM that s*rewtee«i hot ««tra''fce Urttew&M Cto-tm-%. joHhoni M*v.    In mu-n-ynt In mro
% *'<*«i'Hiig u*o% irfare ia tbe W*v»*»^
v»',h&lw -Tiisrth, w> tho Ijtth iaai.. 'li**
brtd*' betas iMovy pMtoml*', th* *;.fr"**
of coal have hem caodsmaad st W(   Aa  aaamnwesseat   wss   awario otflwrmwtf tmrn t»is-,,.g \**- <**** went daughter of Jooepb TVgomk. and •&«•
mint,   Itm «s a hard Um to* mssIIt-fhwreh Hwt f-hradsy that on Jssasry Mbroweb the tifm,. ******* tt pnmfh*t*4*w*mm l*^ig «?#i* mrmt*; buk
ootf!t like the ahsvo esipaav., taMlf»ltttoa«ml*)W<riiin ^fUMit* tkttnuKiimily at the wrist,   fw. mXtkf pM of CtorMo   Att* t*+ f+rrm-nr * *'-■ •
we tiwat. thM tto whets is • hees. Woitto senoeo wootd to **■ rto m* nf f finr attuiw.* lu 41m* -ttwL f***tmiim wm hrd at thi* hotm ot tl*
Ptftfr ftmftwf tfint wRctt t&a <4w«atiui k.Into -Meeteh pmt and ttvenl Aeotrh     It to wssorwl thw a MWNi
tam** to suffer. * iafvs wwiber of | stagers lmvo
oor Wtow woft-wi srw finvod to ae- [the native dlslect
oept tbe same ortlesJ. or svsa warm j   Mr, J. K. wmm
mmmt tm shtg In hs* pntnutmi tho Mmt • lay iH-ottevty
smith of lUairmere aad «1U twmmmmm
* takea tto pas*, sslislaig ««««iathiitts la <-&+ w»r fatoiw.
owing to tto be*»> fall of snow Sn
% asioo taw ***** fiaiwd dew* tetefir.-
. ...„„, *, *.»ax nn* <iitiii|i muuliiT nml
r xi',-iJ,'i,ii.*.il) H\iM..\t.\'.v-,i wiilin |ntir«»t'oiirl*tK<IAI*i
\VATKI*ll*|{<M.lF nr a |»iir «if tin* trt«*«I -ittifl fni-sfrsl
K   iitnkt* Shw>*
Robin Hood, Vive Roses
4% Quaker flour
Wr*ut* New Zosslssnd »utt«r mt p«r lb.
VrookrftaMI Stattor. •        .      JlbsforTte
CHoic« o«try • •       •       p«r lb. Mc
•trlctly Trwmk Bras        •       •    fwr -tLUam. S8c
w. nr, Thompson co*
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blairmore, Alta. ^mf^fmmfitw.
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page 5)
♦ ♦
Mr. Ed. Stewart, of the Trites-.Wood
Co., visited Michel store on business
Mrs. Thomas Cunliffe is very sick
and unable to leave her bed. La
grippe leaves the strongest of us very
weak, but we .hope to see. her around
again soon.
Mrs. Richard Truan, of CaJgary, the
daughter of James and Mary .Memer,
is visiting her parents with a fine big
baby.   How do you feel, grandpa?
An accident occurred in Now Xo. 3
•mine to a horse driver, John Joy, who
had his thigh crushed. We are pleased to aay at was not so serious as was
at first thought and he is progressing
very favorably.
Another accident occurred on the
Monday afternoon shift to Joseph
Trave-rs, spike team driver, in Old N'o.
3 min£, who bad his foot crushed by
cars jumping the track. He is going
on as well" as can be expected.
J. L. Johnson, of the Great Northern
hotel, New Michel, left here for Spokane, visiting his friends.
Rumors came around of tlie death of
Mr. \V. It. Wilson oi> Saturday, which
in a short time afterwards was contradicted and proved to.be that of
serious Illness. We earnestly wish
bim an early recovery.
,*/ Mr. Thomas Cralian, of Michel, left
here last week seeking pastures new.
He gets the best wishes from the 'boys
wherever he goes.
Mrs. R. Oakes is on the sick list
again. Let us hope it is not the old
complaint, as we thought -the Old
Country trip did her much good. We
wish her a sipeedy recovery.
Lets of Old Michel faces can .be seen
around here again. Not much doing
down the line, they say.
Harry Evans, of Hillcrest, an old
Jlichelite, was visiting his CamUy this
week end. Pleased to see the owd
Joe Halsall returned from Fernie
after being laid off sick for a few
weeks and resumed his duty at the
depot on Monday, Hooking a good deal
better. Joe, we missed your face at
the dances.
Another good free dance was given
in Michel /Hotel by Thos. Crahan, Almond's orchestra 'was present and
there was a good crowd in attendance,
everyone enjoying it muchly.
John Brisco has joined his family
here again. We welcome you hom*e,
Prank Newman, from Corbin, visited
his parents this week end for a short
We are sorry to announce another
accident that came to .our attention
Just before sending our notes in.
Richard Sudworth, new No. 3 unlne,
had erected xa. scaffold to raise a timber'on the legs, when lie slipped oyer,
falling on « pick pointing upward®. *lt
^pengtrat-gd his right eide, and the re.
Jack Mihalcik has returned from a
visit to Rochester, Minnesota.
Thianks to the efforts of .tlie Board
of Trade, it is now possible to keep
warm while waiting for trains at the
G. X. railway.
Hosmer Local, at its last regular
meeting, decided to try and get their
members a more simplified statement
for wages. At present a contract miner hardly knows where he is at, the
foreign speaking members, especially,
being up against it.  •
We also Wad a bunch of proposed
amendments to the District constitution front Pres. Smith, which are to
be discussed at the next meeting.
Jack Stara ridge's friends got a hunch
that he had been aud gone and done
it and they started in to; congratulate.
Jack says they aTe a little too previous.
port is that It Is rather a" serious atT
William Fowler, who met with an
aiccident on Xo. 8 side (crushed ankle) about a montih ago, Is mending
very slowly and at present unable to
put bis foot to the ground.
The Bagaes" Aerie Xo. 1SG4 meet In
Cnahan's Hall every first and third
Thursday at 8 p.m.
♦ Michel Local Union Notea
Regular meeting at 2 p.m., after tho
order ot bii«Jnp»» was over a commit-
tee waa picked to go over the District
constitution and offer somo amendments to same nt the District convention,
The Sick Benefit Fund was the next
biggest 1tt»m for consideration. Th«
expenditure amounts monthly nbout
$100 more thnn the income. Next Sunday meeting It to decide whether tho
Sick Fund Ih to be retained or abolished altogether. All member* who
nro ItitcrofltH in thin mattpr we hopo
to we at the meeting ami have some-
thins: to «ny nbout It.
Wc would like to to** morf> nf onr
im-embor* stibsoribine to the IvHiter
nnd get a \np**r weekly, not have to
ask i-someonc what's In the letter thin
w«l;, boy*. A.good $1.00 spent and
\»!< iny of ww.*.
Jiipt a fow word* concertilntr inapec-
♦ ion <t>mt»ilt.tf*w». Som<* men consider
It a mod Job nnd nn «»«y tl. We>l,
wo miii! admit !t k Mimed mucli
•nisi) r thiin by discing coal for It, but
«h*w 1* one fomtldoraUoti that lit of.
t«*n lm. KiRivt. of. it is a v*ry r-ftsyon-
s'.Wi' poMtSon and !t must be doiin
riRtw. tt j*. no \v«> nil nr»» awnr*. in-
m'mn.l on ln-h-ilf nf workmen and in
111   St<**r<ll'i|i*llir<-   vtilit   (lit-   i>i'l,   Oil!   out*
Item I wiirit u, p"lnt <ni* from i»me-
«1 <"■*■»I eictw.^t.nc.. <*; When tlio com-
niHii'o uoi"n into a room or level or
nny   working:  i*»la*r*  wiu-ro  men  arc
There seems to be some truth in the
remark of the "rule of three," as made
■iiy the observant who point to these
occurrences in everyday life. Our late
Bro. Arthur Sopiano met ihis death in
No. 6 mine on Dec. 23, and Thursday
of last week Alex Tomasko met his
death on his way between No. 3 and
(i mines. The circumstances point to
lilm having been struck by the yard
engine, whilst in the act of crossing
the track where the road crosses to
the east side going to Hardieville.
There was a strong wind blowing at
the time, making it difficult to push
the bicycle which he was riding. He
would have his head down and did not
observe the approaching engine. The
tender of the engine being first and
the conductors riding on the footboard
In the front of tb© engine, were not in
a pesition .to-see, ahead, but noticed
him lying at the side of the track. It
being a holiday, they came to the conclusion that he had been drinking 'and
was sleeping It off, this being quite a
common occurrence, especially In the
summer .months. John Josey, on his
way .to the city, found him still lying
there when he casne up and found
thia.t there had been an accident. He
at once ran back to the rescue station
and gave the alarm. Mr. McDonald,
who Is. in charge, ]>honed for the
doctor and ambulance, had the ini-
jured man conveyed to the Gait 'hospital!. Where he died that night, never
regaining consciousness. The exact
means whereby he met his death will
remain, like the Derda case laqt year,
a. mystery. To complete the rule, Aan-
•fcon Asachuk, a driven In Xo. 6 mine,
was instantly killed Tuesday night
between ten and eleven cars, awl in
going through a slant from one entry
to another, where there Is a slight Incline. It Is surmised that tihe two extra cars made them run faster and he
was endeavoring to hold them back
and iwhen they came to the curve they
jumped the track and ran into the tim-
•^he car and knocking his ribs into the
"heart. His temp was still burning
when found by the driver boy. It
bad burned aH his hair and side of
bead, otherwise there is no mark on
his body. Secretary Moore was .at the
■mine in the morning and advised the
men of tho accident and on hearing
it they decided to lay off for the day,
which they did, taking the train back,
home again. '
A pretty wedding took place in St.
Patrick Church, when there were joined in wedlock Joe Rosettle and 'Maggie Vere. both residents of manv
years' (-Handing In Staffordvllle. We
wish them long life and prcwnorlty,
Friday night of lawt week the Stork
visited the home of an old friend,
■George Hargreaves, and left a bouncing baby boy
♦ ♦
Prssentstlon at ths Club
Tho .members of the Coal Creek
Club ga-theriHl together lu convivial
mood on Saturday evening lfi#t, the
opportunity being taken to present a
token ot oppreeiatiou of threw years'
valuable h* I'vk'e to ilia re-Urlus .mul*
deut, Mr. John Shanks, Presided
Win. McFe-xan culled the boys to order
ut 8 o'clock. The following gentlemen contributed to the program hy
hoiikx: \V, Morgan, .1. Doolcy, M-aurlcc
t'rouinan, I', Arnmtrotig W, It. hickey,
l». Oliver, overture, "Poet and Peas-
niii," Aru.ur ili»rriiw.in. At this stage.
President McFeRun prevented Mr.
Shitnlw with a hondsomo enay chair,
writing tlii*k and reading lamp, on
behalf of thc iwmh*rs. In liln own
litliitltahlo tityle. Mr. Shanks fueling-
>y n «|Mii;'c(t Tlw nrnsrrnm -then pro-
cmmUmI after refreshnH'tits had boon
si-rvf-d. the following contributing:
!•«.■•■ :*;»:!■'-»:»« ■■*}• Vn-orpi' mt ('h:i*>. O'-
Itrlcn, ».oni4;t by .Metoirs. ftemmln. May,
Thunsday  evening.     This  class  has
provided ti long felt want in the camp.
The skating rink is pretty well patronized when conditions warrant.
A number of Creekites took in the
show on Wednesday evening. There
probably would ha\e been more but
for the Inclemency of the weather. A
laite train was run tor the benefit of
Coal Creek patrons.
Frank Versak lu-s been busy painting up some scenery for the Amateur
Dramatic Society. We shall probably
see more activity shown than in the
past few months.
The services were held in the Roman Catholic Church up here on Sunday last
Who was the individual that caused quite a flutter of excitement in
geographical and astrological circles
by stating that France had gone to
the moon? Where is our gun?
Card of Thanks
We desire to thank aM friends who
by letter and personal visit shoiwed
their sympathy to us in our recent sad
bereavement; also the teachers and
pu-piis of the school, for their floral
■tributes, which were as a ray of sunshine in a dark "hour.
Totn Ifmery, one of the company's
timekeepers, went into hospital for
treatment during the week end.
The blood-hounds were hot on the
•scent on Saturday evening last, tho
occasion being a wedding which took
place in Fernie. The contracting parties were Mr. Ed. Moore and (Miss
Alice France. -Why didn't you tell
■the boys, Bd? Our congratulations
to you both.
Another quiet wedding took place
on Tuesday, the contracting panties
bedhg Mr. John Rldyard and Miss 0g-
den, both of French camp. Say, Jack,
keep your eye ou the Ledger man. We
join in wishing you a long and happy
life together.
Sharpening and Tempering Coal-Cutter Picks.
♦"     >■ ■■ ♦
♦ ■ ♦,
♦ ♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
.'■■*■■ .. *
Master Tom Chambers wishes to
•Shank al] those who assisted him In
the heading coim.pet'Jtion" and enabled
him to win such a valuable gift, also
those tvho subscribed in his book for
yearly ■subscriptions.
Years ago our forefathers in their
wisdom decided that cock fighting,
dog fighting and bull baiting were
cruel and Inhuman, and decreed .that
such practices were demoralizing and
prohibited them. This was a wise proceeding, but were these forefathers,
consistent? Isn't It a trifle hypocritical to have a spasm of morality over
such a debasing condition of the 'public mind that allows citizens to keep
and train birds to fight and kin, catch
others and call it sport, and at the
same time enlist men, human .beings,
made in the image of God himself, (p
fight, dress them in uniforms paid for
by taxes levied on labor, train them,
arm them with weapons of destruction
and send them out into the world to
destroy, murder, waste, and call this
supposed civilization that we citizens
of a country supposed to be the very
vanguard of liberty should be such
hypocrites to one on the one hand In
plouB honor prohibit cock fighting aiid
instruct the peace officers of the law
to prosecute any offender, and on the
other hand spend millions of dollars
each year to maintain an army and a
navy, the sole reason for which U to
be able to butcher any who disagree
with our concppilon of right and
wronp: mid e»H suuh relics of heathen
barbarity glorious.
Turn a moment Irom the supposed
"glory" of war and think on the misery of war, the waste of human life,
the maimed and wounded who limp
back to the land unable to do any useful work In the world, the number of
widows and orphans loft to the mercies of a cruel world, the deplorable
waste of material, tne ruin, the de-
moralizing Influence of bodies of men
dn iichiiiK their minds and bodies ln
the blood, and then ask yourselves:
Is It worth while? Can we Justify ourselves by any known moral law In assisting In such low, brutal exhibitions?
Well might we remember that Chinese
proverb which says, "N'o good mnn can
ever become a soldier."
Colorado's greatest disgrace today is
her inllitlu. Whut wonder that brutality, Injustice nnd disrespect for nil
law« is so strongly In evidence wIumi
men are lianded togetlif r, not for any
good purpose, hut trained solely and
only to exert brute force: you mny
glow tt over na you will and talk of
clflten ttoldl.TH being koIpI.v lined for
defensive jnirpoaes, Imt  the fait n
A contributor to The Science and
Art of Mining gives the following abstract from .Messrs. Mavor & Coul-
sou'b Mailing Card:
Among the most important of details is that of the picks, chisels, or
cutters with which the bar, wheel, or
chain machine is surrounded., . The
yairdage cut with a machine in good
condition? .depends largely on ithe con-
diitio-n of- the cutters. Should some
of these break or bend a greater
strain is thrown on the machine and
a reduced speed of cutting is experienced until tho interior cutters are
replaced. %       *    ■
The ordinary method of sharpening
and hardening cutters is first to sharpen them. When all have been sharpened the process of hardening commences, and consists of heating each
cutter separately to a blood or worm-
red heat, 'then partially slacking it,
aavd whem'the color reaches the required paint tt is slacked completely,
By this process some of the cutter
points may be more brittle than others, and even fall off or be fractured
during the process of knocking tliem
firmly into the bar or wheel. To add
to this difMculty tiie sharpening of a
broken cutter takes more time than
a worn cutter, and does not,last so
long or do its share of work.
While thc writer was experimenting
with a coal-cutter the hardening of
tha cutters became a (prominent feature, due to broken points, and an experiment was first tried by hardening
the picks in ordinary engine oil. By
tills process the pilcks -were raised to
a worm-red heat and slacked dead in
the bucket of oil. Careful notes yere
taken of this method of hardening, amd
no improvement was observed. Hardening by a lead bath was next tried.
This process has been in use eight
months, and has 'been so successful
that not one broken point has '.been
observed during that period. This result has induced the writer to give the
fact to the mining public, with a view
of -assisting any who may experience
the difficulty of broken pick points.
The process is as follows:
The cutters <Some to ths shop and
the smith commences his work of
pointing them and allows them to cool
until all have been pointed, He then
puts on his fire,a shallow ladle of lead,
which soan melts, as the melting point
of lead ts about 60d degrees .Paltr
When the, lead Is melted he then, by
meatas oi a pair of tongs, fills his ladle
"with picks, merely immersing the
points to a depth of one^juaiier to
one-half inch. These are allowed to
remain in the molten lead bath until
the lead readily separates from the
cuttei; points, after which they are
taken out, one or more at once, and
immersed in a bucket of cold water;
they are .then ready, for the machine.
The bath of lead used in this case
holds from 70 to 80 cutters, and this
waiter is not aJlowed to exceed 80 degrees, iF^ahr. before it is replaced by
cold water. _
The witter timed the sharpening Of
122 cutters which the night previous
ilffi(l"<L-ul"iw yuLitla of~Sf*ipptii~&t~iirS-
In the "statement of facts" published this week as coming from Senator
Borah as to the conditions found by a
Senate committee to exist in the
Paint and Cabin creek districts of
West Virginia we have a reflection of
the legislative mind in these days. We
also recall the amazing fact .tha-t the
Congress of the United States has
twice passed a bill which exempts by.
indirection the labor unionists and
farmers—(both of which have a large
number of votes td bestow in.return
•for favors received-^from the penalities .prescribed in the Sherman Anti-
Trust Act, and also that the President
of the United Startes approved this
•bill, and exteriiuated his act on the
ground of expediency, although intel-
leetu-aMy censuring at. On another
page of this issue we give a resume of
a bill now before the Congress which
aims, to make the exemptions above'
cited as achieved by 'indirection direct and permanent by statute. Do
the employers of labor, union or nonr
union, wish to see such legislation
written on the statute books? If they
do they will continue to connive ait or
condone such violations ot the personal rights guarantees as were manifestly committed In the Moyer and
"Mother" Jones cases.
In this age of social unrest and economic commotion judiciousness rather
■than passion should be the-guiding
star. Outrage'committed as a means
of resenting outrage is unwise as well
as unlawful in a law-governed community, and illegality is just--as hideous when eomm-iitted by an employer
as it is when -committed by a workman." '"■■,'
•There are way« of, achieving results
without resorting to violence. This is
just as true In its application to strikers as ilt is to employers. It sometimes
costs personal sacrifices of comfort,
very.-often heavy loss to employers,
.but it is the history of strikes -wherever,, statistics regarding them have'
been compiled that tlie strikers have
lost more than twice the amounts that
employers have lost, and in many instances loss of poslitions which entailed discomfort for the remainder of
All government is, initially, based
on property, which is one of, the rea'-
sons why laws are made to so sternly
protect it; but there is a newer philosophy coming into more general *re-
cogndtton in these halcyon days of
philanthropic, social, religious and political emotionalism, amd those who
have ipnoperty would do well .to be
somewhat circumspect In their actions
lest they pmecipiitate conditions which
.will plague them and their children
after them Cor generations.—The Coal
and Cpke Operator and Fuel iMagazIne.
Due to the comparatively .poor lighit
emitted by all forms of miners' safety
lamps persistent efforts aro being
made to produce portable hand lamps
of the incandescent type for use underground. Por a long time invention
in this direction was discouraged .by
the fact that such lamps would not
indicate the presence of fire-damp and
blacfodamp. Efforts have been made
to meet this objection, but .the inventions having this object are, as a rule,
of a complicated character and add to
the weight of the electric hand lamp,
•and that is already considerable when
compared with aai ordinary "flame"
safety lamp. An exaggerated value
has been, attached to the argument
and it has now assumed more correct
proportions and is met by the provision of a certain numbeir of "flame"
lamps fior testing purposes, while electric hand lamps are msed for illum-
inaitdng the places where work is to
be done and when, travelling to and
fro.—The Coal and Coke Operator and
Sixty Thouwnd tnppen now wnd ui their
Raw Fun. Whjnot jroa? We p»jr highou
price* «id expren chtrgei, durge no com.
; minion and tend money mow day good* K»v
received. Millions of dollan »r« paid trap.
pen each year. „ Deal with a reliable bouae.
Wo are tba brgeat in our Uao in Canada,
Fuel Magazine.
French and EngUah.
A book of 96 pagea. fully illuttrated. Game
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and where to trap, bait and trap* to use, and
many other valuable (acts concerning tbo
Raw Fur Industry, alio our " Up-to-the-
minute " fur auotations, ksX ABSOLUTE-.
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A. B. CAMPBELL, District Agent       :      MINERS' UNION HALL BLOCK
Asrents C P. R. Steamship Lines
feet nine inohes, and found It took
exactly two hours to point them. The
hardening of these 122 cutters took
26 minutes from putting the lead bath
on the Hre to the slacking of the last
pick, so that the total time taken to
sharpen and .harden took two hours
2C minutes. The total cost, including
coke, power a*nd wages, was 0.42 per
The hardening of the picks, when
tested by a tll4, appears to be the
same as that of a saw. The writer
dees net olalm to be tho first to adopt
■x bath of lead as a hardening medl-
um, as it is an old process frequently
resorted to when very hard material
requires drilling; that I*. drills which
refuse to face a, metal when hardened
In the ordinary wny will frequently do
their work when hardened hy the
livid process.—The Coal and Coke Operator nnd Fuel Magazine.
Kvcnits of somewhat recent occur*
retire in connection with the relation-
ships that exist between striking
workera and their employers betray
a delicate situation, and may easily
be imagined to develop into one that
would be deplorable. We refer to the
fomlbje cxpuiglon of Jloyer, the titular iiMid of the American Federation
»f Miners--'-tiwtalllc miners only and
Uic» deportation of "Mother" Jon-sn
from the strike zone of Colorado.
These nets, by whomsoever done by
exm.l*e of forti*. oro in violation of
If British engineers know what they
are talking about, as presumably they
do or they wouldn't1 be given so much
space In .the London Times, there are
more wasteful things than the ordin-
range, the open grate or the furnace
It results In a literal throwing away
of mioney. The cheerful grate fire,
skys 'Henry Cunningham, multiplies
the household coal bill by throe, and
the daily grist of 100 pounds now
poured into .the kitchen range might,
under proper conditions, serve ,10
ranges Instead of one.
One is naturally curious as to these
so-called proper conditions. The gist
of the engineer's complaint Is this:
Coal is full of valuable tilings beside
heat. Among theste are tar, ammonia
and benzol. There are a dozen commercial uses for tar, to say nothing
of the so-called coal-tar products. The
ammonia is valuable for fertilizer, and
benzol is a first-class substitute for
gasoline. Each ton of coa-3 will yield
■about three gallons of benzol, ono gallon of wiphtba, two gallons of heavy
cill suitable for fuel. 80 pounds of
pitch nnd 20 pounds of sulphate of
ammonia. After all tWs has been extracted there will be left about three-
fifths of tx ton of seml-eoke, almost as
coed for hentlng purpose* as tlie original coal.
The present method of coal disposal,
In which thia wihole group of substances is burned up—«nd most of the heat-
giving value virtually wanted —• in
iioiiBCihoM nnd factory, hn** excited the
trt» of engineer* end economists, Apparently what they want u* to do Is ^o
burn coke ln*t«ad of coal for houne-
J'old 'hotting «nd steam making,—The
Conl and Coke Operator aud Puc-1
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail    JOOaCCOntSt
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
.„.„,    ,   „., ..  , »'"H>'i'ltu.ioiml .ntd *tatutory rights !n     ,„     , .    ,
wains In all lt» hideous iikHikw that! M ot the States, and Jt U much to be    .Wiw 1* he who know* what to do
wo In Colorado maintain at the puhlie ! f<-i,rwl «»»t U"-> «ffeot will plague thoso |«r*t and does it.
.•xiienne a body of human being* whom i w,ll° nmy hav" Xm%n ,,,,! t"«JiF»*ori* of
we train to kill, plunder ami wante: j l»''»>• and n» well of olh<»r employer*
to rail such a proceeding glorious hr^'-io had nothing whatever to do with
The atatewmen dip their hand in
!>3w>4 to write. "Tboti shalt not »tefll,"
upon the statute hook*.
w«rk!nK. if »hw I* tiVMhlw (hr.v hft|).!SUinT"' «>"»». Hutcliljwoij. Smith,
!»•;••» ovi-'o^k "*•"*•« *■"« I w.ih I,, i*io*J«*. Mouactt. Ktwv Wo«*m». Dl-
***!.tr It »*t'iUt. d.Vtv't,f thmo tmvlov* I**™ ""4 ****** [^T h»*"k,Mf »MH>'
««1 in Ai,i pnr-uiilir n!*n. to potni mt \ '5:f *r- Arth',r■Morrlw.i wa* Hit* ac
to thf.-rn ixm\ h*l\, them.   You tan lM-.tr jr(*,,,Hk',"«!-
To try and twrwiiadi* onvtu-U tlmt it {    ^ _
i* iiatriotiit: t» iiiim'). I "  "' "      ' "	
io rootitm,. it j.... »u„, ihe wtoei- THE SENGHENYDD MINE DISASTER, OCT. 1913
of proKn-m* and dlneran\ and di*liouor 1
The question It asked. We
answered: "Look around you
and see.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advanc-
iny* *<*  •. t  *n   im  »• •  • • ,•
Are you alive to the situation?  If you are we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
Olrt Cheap.
yote   Hirtux   in   kno va  m   the
havj» Uih-o in iin- i-Ut-,* t«.Ja, anil nut jli'inw of  pranical  ioke*.    One t«wk
wnd iiio'th-iig tt^ini! tux* Sn my p!aci'," j !''ll,'V   '''""'ng
I  *;itn to aim point out the utMifUl |!1« *•'•"'>
ml, tt i*  tt'iilficU-i*.'  s'lWnn-"-*** hmh for.
v, ,iti,u,*i,  .1-, ^   'ii-ir,i*< A-iti   '-ir;ri*iAs-:'i'i'i.
it (hi* iaapr-rti-oti tommltt•»■»?* find mcin
thq RtatP
MlMourl had h.-r .lenio Jam**. On-
goti her Trnf*>*), Tiah her Mefarthv
gang ani! Colorado her General 11-11
nml Chattf, That *uch cr»nt»rH t-\*
1$\h\ in niiui/ing and wull miisitt wc
■»)•, "Hitu long! Ob, l^ord! ilow
long!"—V. M. w, of A. Journal,
working !n phiff.* wh*«ro gn* ix, or any
tnttor iii.titi*jr*. ti -inn-'tt v<>ii..«*»*. u*< t*-
inuii'l X.. iir.'jf, f."!*'«'- t» (iff *l«in
«ho«id iw»< w»*tt* ituui tin* iu»j«*.;joit
«t»mtnl(u... ko in. In <H«r (.;..i.:.i:i In*
ain-cUofiji *inuM not ?«■ ni.i<f>> uiiicm
«Mi»» ur *r»M>r*t of tin- ioutp,ui> offiiiila
nro wMh thn fnnjtcr^lon t-ommlttot* tin
I.iki   wnek  end,   which
nd«Mi   dUastrously   for   one
iiitAt*. of lov»-r«.   WV learn ?ha»* on«
I'lidfvtitimi diirin* f<nMv»r»atiott brought
i up tli-f itubjtK'.i. ot i»iarn.ii.'«, which ro*
,*ultwi i?» th*» .oiiftwitoii of ihe two! Jame* K. Hockrirk. Chl#f of tho De-
• • j *' y. '•*■•> t««'iil Hk^ to tn* mur ' pui'tini'iit of Mitton, haa *cnt out clr
\ri*ti Arrtin*»m#M« teom then made i ciilar 1«ter* »o tho gwnwai *u|H.nii-
'Am' "!•.* m'rA.atcr Dni* quirk rh*flg»>; l»'ii>i('i>!# aim $-t*ii*,rt»l rrwriaKi»r-5 of
\;*t*.tei w»* ttoon transformed to fill' <lvi>ry coiil ct>nri|mny in l^nnayhanla
lib*' fw-Awnrv rwl<» nnd thing* were: unlug h«m to take me«»ure» io r*-
'rolng alow* smoothly until a bur** o( due*- u* U» ptr cent the uumtn-r of
J}.*iiMbt*r cmuim-hI iim hrldiMroimiiHuA i acphlwM-a. In tbe mm** mull tlm diW
|li.> f-vailUtf M*»»thU\«; wa* wn.)tt|«.   '(:<»<»   Mont 1-otU'fH lo ihi" ni-lilc hmport.nrH nt
•11 inmw«tfon*.    Th««y »)•«>« tn-um , . .    „. ......
*»,««.-  ,*,„  w.i»^   i*t,w*,*tnr  »*.»()   «y» i bul. Oorge; iho g»»!-up *•»* tint;        the State notifying th*m of »hii di#- ■,
t,*.m,t,.i„t ..........    .(...'.' ...."■•*■ ,.,,,...     „r,,: „,,'., /,„.t.tn tmUtf «h« d-*|»artmem. ut oni'i* iff
*» round 'Am* n:A\*-* wlMt **» "imml'. I M^ri.l*iv, .trci ?« fnr th* benefit of • Ww> ***** »*»i*w"*J**' *»* »•'•••« •••>■
t*m it they inahrt on them going, Ml {liinh vivr. am r^u^twi to a««Hl a * ,,»l ***^t( ».<»«»*,|i. ■*>: < ■**> ^ ,-y
f*f*»ft« ««MM»ld b* w«4 oot at * mai- , :>. ■ ".:■:■)n •/.■.  S'^b;*,  !*«•.•;   **. (n th*' »,»!*n<   2to,*,bMI   of   d!r*'"Uon«   u* *
lr>«tl» llall. ai 3.M |».m.    I1..i.ln«*» fro-1 "'fV ,«*• wsi*w*or* w*  u.»u... i*-a i
| ,*,,nnni ! *« IftaUtute »ult». j
In hi* k'Uir to niliiiiis; officru Hi'mf '
"Tht» moet pmlifi*' .-u-i.cn of m"A ?
dilltft ln#id^ mint"* ur«- !.all», car*,*
bbrta, M*. fal'ln* l«io Ut*. shsftt or'
t*\n\**-«, «ufftv*!tni'i i»m| «-x|ilim!onw. t
I lu ring ih* firm tt m«mth« oi l!<|!t *.|« i
'llu* Wf-re l<m   '•.utt'U* ihr niinf* n*'
ing of underground worker*.
v*Kt Xuitday will hf thi' day for np
t«»»i.»«   H*®9*Hv+<*»-4'  .'9,    -•• *-■ --
W*n *n» «-tp*«ting to *** th* Lull i«*il-k
*-A hy t u'«lorfc.
Itvr^i.H*^    iki«ir**'»   4M»i4   tk   t't.*(
. t* ll, I,
\„'Ui m ttu» cim, ii.iii on
-; '.t     ».r
-».  giv^n umf^r ft*- an*
. .  ..f   ' ..
Vmaioiir l)mm«t!>   Hm-i-
«*■ *
'A.t* ,*■„,
• i '» for tin* twnnfn nt .1
\*. ■ -r
•* li.-'   bin  1*k a» th*-  r*
•   ■ '   ,'.!      •
• id*;    t'l f h«- mirifi*     \W
1   -nn.   *
V        *
■    »*. i :   '.,-,*   tt-tk   tn   ^.^'.n
• '   |      .    *i.    ,).,
*■ .fur !■;.:
,'i"   ■». • >    • *. i       iK.fi 1   2 *4«
..   T,
!,••!.   i:      t'-tf Tom
•        m*    I,        ■
'.t't.           .» - .,    -.   .,    ,.;.;rt»;tf
,   ftn*.
.1 -i   -t   t.i-»   x'^r   m   til*
11 month* of
nr.?ln*t tf>:* ■foe !*ti« Urn
w.: '
;   Thn mini*  in*p«T!ora aw notified i
t( ,.   *tyt.\'    It,-",'   \„,   l),.,,]    r*.*IM1H»t1itf,   hV  •
,M«*S4»i.    Thlb*a  »iil tmm  ■»• towir '  '        '• '    ;•;»-.■ <-- .i,^.  iir-partm-f-r'  f-cr v-.* ■**.)<**** oi* ,MHr'
Inc. ' .  '"'7. * '"   '  '•''*   *'*r  ,n  '•*(!«« to e»fort«» eofnttfianee with in-|
1\.' iiiiteiiiwi* tlaaa mnA Wrtw*-              ,,T v1                                          ■ *int<i*Hf>a «<*'*«    Tin- c^al ami Coke '*
**» ftiaht in th* Compsny hoartlne-,   '»«'fwr»« th" *m«tny *Ut,.lmmi t*»tt> ttlptmtor tm4 rw*i Maaatimi. i
hoiiw»    l»r. Xav tx th*- i-mttrmUtr,     \ u**-*.** tis* *U..i*-J tu ti.« imi. emem*> i  *
A -tottt** !* w -h* Wl lis HSS -Qsww** * "*« « t*rtMit ituUxUiml. *« tr* aakod [*■■■■■■■-   •       - J
Wm4** nm.,   l«>«ryMttf ImtH-H.      <'•' «•»*» *!*■»« unf*** thi* imicttoe imi  gmmmm    _9f    _W_\ i*
Tfte tttw* rtm*it ttt tWm trntttmo**.*- ,**.«i»i*t*4 i«»*l .*<!.       .•..:; ^  ukctt. I _m,_tmmmi%nm. mZWMWfLti '
« th* AtMette H.b It *b*m, «»»iW | xatf mA  \OIiii%MiO \JiilH i
TlWlM ia too l'-rig-h}, to pwWtalt win      The *i»e.«n* olnu Mil tj.i>fr Wiwaf   tmiHY *rt»W* covoms. eUNCI COLOt
i>ntr*tke dam .■ hi  Aw  Club  lUtl on   UUM Tl« T*M»oar «ia • linn*. t«CMit#
»lif' U\A.
'the following was recited by John UHtghrun nt the Christmas tree entertainment. Huaver .Mine*. Christmas eve, 1913:
Vou may live in a fogy cottage, or In a homely shack,
Content in the world around you, with seldom ti sad drawback,
Hut If you've read the Ulmtrkt ledger, this report you muat have Kt»en
Toward* the end of lam October, nineteen hundred and thirteen:
Amid thf mlnlnf hill* of Walea, eight mllen from Cardiff town.
Into t!n« <l«>i>ths of Bi'tiKlmnytld mine nine hundred nn>n went down.
Hoon loud, ominous ttmmhtr shoek th« mountain and thi* glen,
And mite* away men felt the shock that shook th#> hctirts of men.
Mtnvi* * lit* mine arose I'lnnita of «mok«« jimt llkn * fmiwral jiall,
And wriH'ktiKe told ii* awful tale—the horror ot it ull
With Untuning swlftnesa n#ws shot nround th« valloys of Houth Wales,
A;,.'., '...TT'^r  s'.rkk'V,  ■■* I'.H hit#d  'tr«»!i't;   ,)}Py Vic:ird  I Iio  woeful  walls,
Th*» »ri»« of ttittf* nticl children thst |iierc»»d tlie «troim«»st hearts—
"l '*ai.t ttii sladd) "   Oli? that bin. r crv    It cttli cclioc* irnin tti-i*.- |mrt».
Out In thf soaking. drlZKlltit rain, crowdn around the pit hfad »tood,
And ill iiH'i* lone ;i wonry vigil kept, a* anxioti* women would.
Tin- im n rn-h with rh«lr incklc. imekH In th* .tort nf bags >ou know
That miner.* take to their d enslng room when footliall's on thu go.
Thti min** -m*-,9%t, *hatt«ltdi h> <lu. blast, away llm eutw was hlowtij
Thniich tonM in weight, like a toy 'twas tossed, aa if by cannons thrown.
liO-   !<4fl».-.l4«<l   *lllL'<l   «•*•«    »«-    AtX   ......      ,     *.',    ,   *"''   ""'";•
* ii' 1 •''       -i cVnfC 1**4 <h<» ff^r *hnt artmnd tn rule l»v.
N'ew th* tlmn to test men's nervo and pluck came wuittn ihestt ii«tu«» *<*/,
Them's not much reward when miners dio tu save a mate, tbey aay.
Il.<t, thi'.} \ntvntf -ti-wtrn »,a llnsli. ihotigh ihMr wages are but slim.
And always ready to risk their lire* are fieordle, Jack and Jim.
Ho into titi> tomb of death and lira these rescuers fought their way
Tt, tit,it •♦u.ir -mst-M and anv* men'• |l%*#«, wlier* It m«»tit sure rlfalb to stay.
Fires rating fa army road, and liK» a lunwiw *.»,
Tiioush badly scorehtMl, they still trashed on, obeylnic duty's call,
In (tit props, daaty tannel'd ways, and In the naasy coal.
The fire found fuel enough to force Ita names through every hole,
Mad bravery In thoir pertlows work, these miners Mack and tan
tfoon proved their pluck and sterling worth when death surround* each man.
Five hundred miners, all Ilritaln's best, were rescued by their aid,
fMf fnnr hirndr#d men with tlieir Urea, the reckoning dearly paid.
Wo owe Utene reacaers every honor u* u>.-u i.\,i>'*x tUk thet? lwe»
To tar* fh*lr wares from certain death down In such naming hires;
V»i»il* lit* VWl*M"U Cross wc ftl«e 'hfnk »h"«- h«iw** well d*«erv««
ror their daring dttwd* and manly j'lnck, ihelr hmrwy. *rit snd nerve.
Th* loan of four hundred miners brav*~w* cannot count the coat.
While ttrnr tum/lt*** boss** *1H »v«" wnurn th* last foil of the tost.
llm om bright ray that lights the gloom and ever will ontahlne
U loyalty «f mimrn towwda thalr comrades In the win*
Asi& thmth »*y ^ tor*ptt*n the xlnrtoas de*da that laid theatt heroes low,
fe rh* ftr**t fleyond thera'a a snre reward for those wiw help their orphans
And la daya to torn*. •!•» HmMIM shall own tnd nm th* mines,
Th* recompense for miner* wilt U based on tetter llnet.
Mrs, S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light •-
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones -Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50c and Upwards
American Plan Rates
12.00 per Day
J wp x "V #% *KT
iLt.it, nl Wuiui) uni Tu%x.s,ci.)
Call wp phone No. 57 for repairs to burst pipes and all
plumbing troubles    :    :     ;
Shop - Pellat Ave.
Nesr Hospital     •     Vcrnic, B. C
Advertise in "The Ledger'* \
JW*(Xt ** X .
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Xou're always welcome here
Glean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
Geography Class.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
THOS. DUNCAN-  Passburg
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
,. Gents' Furnishings
Liquo Co.
Wholosalo Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay lvmi
Pull supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
chooit from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge taua*
agti for tomorrow's break,
Calvary Cattle Co.
Phone M Wood Street
A. McDougall, Mgi
By Caroline A. Lowe
The teacher turned to the geography
class. "Open your books xo the map
of the world," she said, "and tell us
the. leading industries in each of the
large countries, and the condition of
the workers employed there. John,
you may tell us about China."
'VThe leading industry in China for
1 ong ages has been agriculture, and
today the great mass of the people till
the soil," replied John. "However, in
rxecent years they have been developing their mines and building railroads."
"The mass of the working people in
China.live in dire poverty," he continued. "Always they are on the verge
of starvation, and frequently they are
visited by a P-amine during which untold thousands of men, women and
children starve to death. At these
times, a pestilence overtakes . them
and more thousands die of terrible diseases "brought on by their wretched
food and unsanitary surroundings. At
the same time the nobility of China,
live in mansions beautifully inlaid
with gold land pearl and they luxuriate
in the softest of silken clothing and
feast, upon the richest food."
"Yes, that is all true, I regret to
say," said the teacher. "But China
is an old country and it is slow to
Change. Let us take up a more modern c'ountry—one of the greatest and
richest nations in the world. Mary,
you may discuss England."
"England   is   not   an   agricultural
country," answered Mary.   "The leading industries are manufacturing, mining, ship-building and commerce. The
manufacturing towns of England contain some of the vilest slums in the
world.   There is no greater pest hole
of  .poverty   than   what   we   find   in
Whitechapel,   London.     The   women
at Cradley Heath work as blacksmiths,
forging the .heaviest  chains,  and at
even a lower wage than received, by
the underpaid men.   The (Took workers have been forced irito great strikes
recently because of the terrible oppression to which they were subjected. In fact, wherever we look throughout Englaud the poverty and squalor
and ignorance among the workers are
appalling.   Iu Ireland it is even worse.
"Upon the other hand we find the
Beggars lirie the roadways imploring
alms from the travelling public,
palaces of the English nobility most
magnificent.   They squander immense
sums of the workers' hard-earned money in absurd, -worn-oat court functions
and in riotous living.'
iThe class took up all| the leading
nations of the old world and found
these same conditions prevailing.
"Come, children, these are all old
time-worn nations," said the teacher.
"Let us return to our own country, the
United States. It is a young nation.
"And that's" just what they are doing. In evory country of the civilized
world they are organizing themselves
into unions. Through these unions
they are - demand ins higher wages,
shorter hours and better conditions
of labor. They have organized their
own political party and in almost
every country they have their repre-
sentativeji in the national parliaments
and state and municipal offices. .By
getting possession of this government
in the same way they can make and
enforce laws, granting to the workers,
the power to democratically manage
their own industries and to keep for
themselves all the wealth they produce.
"This will do away with the present
ruling class entirely. The workers
will no longer be robbed. They can
build for" themselves good, sanitary,
modern homes, have splendid libraries, abundance of good food and
^beautiful clothing. Poverty and crime
will disappear when the conditions
that breed them no longer exist."
"That's good, Karl," exclaimed the
teacher. ''But let us never forget that
in this struggle of tlie workers today,
the help of every man, woman and
child is needed. -Men and women out
on strike find their babies starving
to death and tliey have no money to
buy food. December 28th has been
set aside as Children's Day and all
'over the United States entertainments
will be given and collections taken for
the purpose of raising a fund to care
for the children of the strikers. How
many of you are willing to give up a.
part of your Christmas money and
donate- it to this fund?"
Eagerly every hand in the class was
raised and their earnest young faces
shone with the true spirit of Christmas.—Appeal to Reason.
trade unionists of Colorado more determined than ever to prosecute the
[ present strike to a successful conclusion. The special convention of the
Colorado Federation of Labor sounded
the battlecry in no uncertain terms,
and with this splendid spirit of solidarity manifested by all the workers of
Colorado, the cause of the miners has
been materially advanced and the
"powers that -be" will have to reckon
with this new force in tlie Colorado
It is a matter of favorable comment
that all the citizens of Colorado, with
the exception of a small number who
wear the ball and chain of Wall street,
are   heartily   in   sympathy   with   the
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-simlles of Prof. A. Garlow.
Perhaps the best possible definition
of economic determinism is by iMarx
and Engels in the Communist .Manifesto. It is so simple anyone with a
little thought can understand it, and
as the idea was first put into words
>-.,. ,X,     "7." ,"■""■ t'"-* '""--J  wurus i,   "The idiot who raised the crv nf fim
by these men it bears something like I «n Italian Hall, Calumet   and thl/X
an autnoritative charartpr    tw a- i mnnic.™,, „„„J,.. ... ,'"e1, ancl hereby
striking miners. The fact that five of
the seven demands of the strikers are
based upon tho laws of the State has
made a strong appeal to the, voters
and taxpayers of Colorado. They are
now complaining bitterly about paying tax^s to support a militia that is
doing police duty for the operators—
and these are the same operators who
have been violating the laws of the
State for years. They feel that the
militia, if used at all, ought to be used
against the operators in order to compel, them to respect the laws already
upon the statute books. They object
to being taxed to support, corporations
thar have made a farce out of the laws
of Colorado.
The strikers are in splendid spirit
and are standing: just as firm today
as they did on the day the strike began. I am led to believe that the operators are now convinced that it will
take more than the militia and Imported desperadoes operating machine
guns to drive th^ men back to the
This strike is of vast importance to
our entire organization and is being
watched by operators all over tlie
country. It goes without saying that
self-preservation commands us to enlist all our support "In behalf of our
struggling comrades in Colorado, anu
that the struggle must not cease until
a new emancipation proclamation in
the form of a trade agreement is secured for our deserving brothers in
On behalf of the struggling Colorado
miners I wish to thank our members
everywhere for the loyal support and
ec-operation they have given us in all
jur endeavors to make Colorado a better state for our people.—IT. Jl. W. of
A. Journal.
Bald at 26.
Pine hair at 55.
I  POSITIVELY  Cure  all  hair and
and premature grayness.    GROW ladies' and children's hair rapidly.
positively cure all I do take. Hair
can be fully restored on all heads
that still show fine hair or fuzz to
prove that the roots or UAPILLIARY
giands are not dead.
I WAVE A PERFECT system of
HOME TREATMENT for out-of-tbe-
CITY people who cannot come to me
for personal treatment. WRITE TODAY for Question Blank and PARTICULARS. Enclose stamp and mention this paper.
MY PRICES are reasonable. My
cures are POSITIVE and PERM AN-
ENT.   ; „ „i
The World's Most Scientific Hair and
Scalp Specialist
Room 1, Weldon  Block,   WINNIPEG,
.. e
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
That de-
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
A "Ledger" adv. It an
*  NO,
List of Locals Dist ict 18
Namt See. and P. 0. Addrese
WWW Aab Mint  Wm. Marsh, Taher, Altn.
Umkk**l f. Wheatley, lunkhead, Alta.
Beaver Crack ..J. Loughran, Beaver Crack, fit Pinch ar, AIM.
Oallavtia James Darke, Roi 30, Bellerue, Alia.
Blalrmoro W. h. Brans, nialrmoro. Alta. *
■t-ttirmlt T. 0. Harriet, Pn»ibur«, Alu.
Capuora Michael Warren, Canmore, Alu.
Coleman J. Johnstone, Coleman, Alu.
Corbin I. Jones, Corbin, n. C.
Chinook Mln«i Jaa. Home, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alu.
Diamond City... J. E. Tborablll. Diamond City, Utbbrldge.
Pernie Tboa. Uphill, Pernie, B. C.
Prank. Krnn Morgan, Franlr, Alt*.
Hoamer............. W. Balderstone, Hosmer. D. C.
Hlllcrest... Jaa. Onrtmt. Hll)rw»»t, Altn,
Lethbridge h. Moore. 1731 Sixth Avenue, X, Lath bridge.
Lethbridge ColllerlM.. Frank Barrlngham, Coalhnrst, Alta.
.Maple Leaf..,.. T. G. Harriet, Paiaburg, AIM.
Michel ..It. Plmer, Michel, A C.
Paeebnn  V. 0. Harriet, Paaatmrg, AIM.
Roral View .....Geo. Jordan, Royal Collieries. Lethbridge, AIM.
T*h#.... .* A, Patter-Ma, Tatar. Alt*
Georgetown, Caamort. Max Hotter, Georgetown, Canmore, AIM.
spiration of liberty for all, demaad:.-ig
that- every man. woman and child
should have an equal right in the pursuit of life, liberty and happiness. And
nature was exceedingly generous in
providing a continent filled with her
richest treasures. Henry, tell us tha
conditions as you find them in the
I'nited  States."
"It is true that nature has heen S3D-
erous," responded Henry. "Therefore
we find all the great industries .vei.
developed in pur country. Some of
the greatest metal and coal mines at
the world are here. The Mississippi
Valley extending the full length <■!'
the country from Canada to the Gulf
and from the Rockies to the Appalachians furnishes tho finest farming
lands for the raising of cotton and
fruit. It has millions of acres of unex.
celled grazing lands upon which millions of cattle and sheep can he pastured.   Our factories are unsurpassed.
"And yet today the coal miners of
Colorado, the copper miners of ..Michigan and the conl miners of West Virginia are waging a desperate fight
against tho injustice heaped upon
them hy the mine owners. The mllltla, in tho hands of tlm mine owners,
Is commanded to murder the vary n»ou
who overy day risk their lives, and
sacrifice their wives and babies In the
desolate mining camps built right In
the ashes of the mine.
"Lawrence, Mass., Paterson, X. J.,
Chicago, and every great manufacturing city has cried out again and again
in protest against tbe slaughter bf Its
little children In their factories,
against the long houra of grinding toll
and the miserable pittance of a wage
that renders the only homes possible
that v.LMi the) find iu Uuik, poorly
ventilated tenement rooms, Ancl vet
these men and women nnd children
make every yard of cloth and every
pair of shoes for tbe ninety million
people In this country of ours.
"The time Is at hand when the farmers are aroused as never before to
tbe robbery practised upon them by
the mme set of capitalists who rob
the workera in the mines and factories. The great landlords have taken
posaeaalon of the fertile south, Prom
seventy to niuety per cent of the farmers nre tenants and these too are
organising Renters* I'nlons for the
pur pot* of putting a stop to this exploitation,
"As to the ruling class In the country." Ilenry continued, "while we do
not have a titled nobility, our great
capitalist* vie with and strive to excel
the luxury mik! magnificence of the
European courts of kings and em per-
„.. ...*4, M«uHi ttivi* (newer even
' mnvt* tf,wt11r*rV' *■•■ A-'' t'.n-i *■•! ii'.*,
tollors who havo producod all this
"Alas, we must admit the truth of
all that Henry has said," the teacher
«m»M ttorrowtnltv "Atid thorn '■• *,•<*
<nn* way by which the? workors of tho I
world can right thet* wrongs. Karl
perhaps you can tell us about It."
"Indeed I am." derlared Karl. "Tin*!
workors throughout all the world must
unite against tho powor that hold*
thom In slavery Tht* i,nw*r it no*
held hy Iho Individual capitalist. It is
tho powor which tho rapttalltt r>**«
a* a class, has t»ocomo of ita O'irnor-
ship of the Job of the minora and the
factory worker* and the fanners.
"Tho working class, as a etaat, msit
unite and take possession of tb* mines
and the factories and tbe rallro-ads and,
th* ton*    TTion thev will *»*u iW»krt
own Jobs and control their own Uvea.
an authoritative character,
finition is as follows:
"In every historical epoch the prevailing mode of economic production
and exchange and the social organization necessarily following it, form the
basis upon which is built up and from
which alone can be explained the political and intellectual history of that
This becomes simpler when yon begin to apply its statements. It means,
for example,' that when slavery prevailed the law and the church and the
thinkers defended slavery. It means
that when the wages system is in
force the law, the church and scholars
will defend the wages, system. If yon
carry the idea into the future, it will
R 0 Y A L
Tshed ah<nSocialisni takes its place,
that the law, the schools and the
church will just as strenuously defend the new method of making a living. It means that if you wish to understand why people taught and 'believed certain things at any period in
the past, you can grasp it all'If you
 , ......ttutrit, aim mereoy
murdered nearly ninety people, most
of them children, would probably not:
have been so ghastly, successful if it i
was not for the nervous tension under
which the people now live. There has
been a long, 'brutal strike, in which
the strikers have been driven from
pillar to post, in which detective thugs
liave acted in more than their ordinarily shameful way. and in which hunger and misery have accompanied the
brutalities. The miners would he more
than human if the terrible strain of
this had not caused nervousness and
apprehension. Tbe children were likewise nervous, for what the parents suffered affected the little ones.  " -
Whether tbe men  who caused the
tragedy was a labor spy and carrying
earn the way in which a majority of I so many lives blotted out
them made their living. It means that
ti'O every day life is the real life--
that what people think about six days
in the week regulates what they think
:!ll the rest bf the time.
vvhat is known as economic deter-
mii.lsm is also known as the materialistic conception of history. Ab such,
though it is now generally accepted
by students all over the world, it ls
bitterly denounced by some on the
ground of being "materialistic."   It Is
not known, but there is ground for
suspicion that he is one of the men
who came to Calumet to "restore law
and order." The slaughter that was
caused by his action is iiuite the log*
leal culmination of all 'hat has been
happening in the copper district. It
is such an overwhelming thing, with
so.many lives blotted out in a moment,
that what preceded it is apt to be forgotten.
The copper magnates have taken
millions of dollars out of the mines.
The dividends were enormous and the
amount invested In capital stock has
been returned several times over to
the investors, This was not enough.
They wanted to squeeze still more out
of the miners. The result was the
strike and the bringing In of luftor
thugs.   It has been n hard-fought, bit
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you I'ihi spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot ol culls. Those who huy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber-
— Dealer* jn —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shlngies,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Worii_
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N- Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
not   materialistic   in   the   s^8e   the   ter eonlVnt   wl h a. i th IZ ds a^inst
word   s tiiimra   u iic.0,.1     ir ,i     tim oi»n     ™v ;:      .,un »t»ajnsi
word is generally used. It does not
I suggest thnt there is no God. It does
not say that people ought to think
only of nintorhi! things. If merelv
says that, when there Is a bitter fight
to mako a living most people will do
and think most about making a living.
The logic of the philosophy Is that if
the time should rame when the making of n living would he so easy as to
banish worry ahout how It might he
done, materlallB.'ii would cense, nnd
then people could think of higher ut-
taltimeMH.—Appeal to Ilrnson.
By Prank J. Hayes
It Is gratifying to report thnt all the
labor forces of Colorado aro now lined
up bohiud the miners iu their fight
for human rights. The persocutlon wo
have suffered at the hands of tho
mllltla has ouly made tho minors and
the strikers. They suffered Incessantly, nnd as their ChristniaB gift they received the wholesale murder of their
women mul children,
Tlio man responsible, If caught,
would probably he lynched. That
would do no goo;), for behind him are
the capitalists who reduced the people
of Calumet to such a condition of nervous a'pprchi.nslun that they hud Biigm.
control over themselves.
Thc ChriBtmm* eve tragedy docs not
lie alone al tho door of the itian who
shouted, It Is part of the dividends of
the Calumet stockholders.--New York
Thc Chicago Tribune suys: "Men are
almost dying of starvation In a city
(Chicago) where there is ubuihlaiue."
It Is the class of mon who created the
abundance who arc .starving, and the
Tribune stands for capitalism—the
cause of It all.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J, L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2,50 per day Fire Proof Sample
With Private Bath $3.00 Rooms in Connection
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        8,925,000
Reserve and Undlvid- Total Assets      72,00<M>00
ed Profits        8,100,000
O. R. WILKIE, President HON., ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlcs-Prea.
Arrowhesd, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
RevslstoKS, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from data of deposit.
Geaeral Manager Assistant Geaeral
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,800,000
Interest at the current rat* i» allowed on all def»osiu of If nad
upwards. Careful attention is given to every account Sir 'I account*
•re welcomed.   Accounts may be opened and operated by mail.
Accounts mny be opened Jn the names of two or more p*r*onat
]  withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor. *,
L. A. B. DACK. Msnso" rtRNIF  BHANCW
II THE   ft A c°^"1
Home Bank ^ Can a
I *l   11-,.* ut Uti-U'-ii:* *.* * **■      *
•ItM >»iit   1',} *   titrli.si].**   i| ,*    ..I...,-*,
ivHti Tl.e  Mi.m.- Hunk     l.'.ip   .
HM'tMlfll*   (>(«'«»*■«)   Vol    (Sk*   ...I.,.
•my, f'v.iXNi
Who it out for middlew.Mffhl hnwm
NINE BRANCHFS IN   I UnUlN  I V-Jot»ff»f M*n»Qt
J. F. MACDONALD, Manage*
VICTORIA AVI,, .». t4*. n*M1t, *. O.
f, ^L^L^L^L^L^LtLW.^LtLWKLWL--WL-WHf-Wlimft-Wl-W^^^
PAGE ., **:
••) >
A few Specials   for  Pay Day
For Men
The values we will show for pay day and Monday following will eclipse anything we have yet
shown. We will show the famous 20th Century
brand garments at prices that will appeal to everyone. High class hand tailored garments worth
$35.00, and when we say worth $35.00 we mean
that is the actual selling value of these Suits. They
are made from the very finest and most expensive
'imported Tweeds, and every garment is hand made
by expert tailors. The colors are Brown and Brown
mixtures, Greys, Blues, Blue mixtures, Green or
Heather mixture. These garments are the last word
in style and fit and will appeal to the best dressers.
style and fit and will appeal to the best dressers.
We have decided to place these on sale for Saturday and Monday at $18-00
Heavy AU Wool Ribbed Underwear in all sizes
34 to 44, natural color, will bo sold Saturday
while they last at $1.75 per suit. Only a limited
quantity of this line left.   Hits if, a good buy
At    $1.75 tuit
Sweater Values
"3MW -tSit.
Our window spsee will bc devoted to the display
of <iiir Suit and OvrNutat itjiveiaU. Our pay day
Sweater vnlHi'* will be on display in our Men's
«v v      ,.   •        •   !*.***.'   * i  i ■" ■  •   v   •
of all Itmkfii lm** *4 Men a and lk»y»   Sw«iiu>r»,
You will lw able to liny Sweat-era Imm us Saturday
Inr A **''!!«- ThU !<-t ini'lutli's nil *1y|cH mil mrk,
V noek and Cos-tfs with or without <*ol!;tr* You
ran'l afford to Ifl thia «hnin*<- |»a<** if >•••«» ar* n\ all
interested in SwfaV-n*.
Pay Day Values in .Footwear
We have 125 pairs of Men's High Grade Shoes;
regular $5.00 to $6.50 values. These are odd lines
of the famous Slater, Jnvictus and Just Wright
Shoe. These lines are well known to give perfect
satisfaction in style, comfort and wear. AVe have
placed these Shoes on tables in our Shoe Department for Saturday selling. If you need Shoes do
not neglect this opportunity; it is the best we
have ever offered. The lines displayed embrace
Box Calf, Velour Calf, Gun Metal and Patent Leathers, and the lasts are this season's. The prices
will please you.
We also have a large number of Ladies' and
Children's odd lines of Shoes.   We will give special
inducements to buyers of the lines we have on display. ' " » ■■■   -',. <:
Odd lines of Boys' Shoes, run in sises 3 to 5 only.
Odd lines of Ladies' Shoes, run in sizes 2l/i to 51/*
0<M lines'of Children's Shoes, run in sizes 4 to 10*4.
It will pay you to visit our Shoe Department and
take advantage of the savings offered in good footwear.
Mens' Heavy Weight Fleece Underwear
in grey or natural color will be sold
Saturday at
50 cents
-*■'-<.'"'.    ■ ■, ■
"The College" —
Every boy can have one of these Suits as they-
are within the reach of every purse and represent
a big saving over regular prices. Thoy come in
two piece style with bloomer pants; sizes 5 ye&rs
■to 8 years, made from heavy Tweeds in Greys,
Browns an'd Greens. Our pay day price will
be ,....J..............,   $2.50 each
AlsoAsee our pay day values in Boys' Odd Kinck-
er Pants.   You will save money.
Boys' Overcoats
We have the greatest selection of Boys' and
Children's Overcoats and Reefers ever shown in
Fernie.   The styles are unique and practical.   Our
Toboggan Coat, in heavy dark blue mackinaw
cloths piped and trimmed with red, is a very popu
lar Coat for boys from 4 to 8 years. This coat will
be sold Saturday at the very low price of ... $3.80
The regular value is $4.75 to $5.50.
Other lines of Heavy Tweed Coats for boys will
be shown in our Clothing Department at clearing
Working Gloves
Men's Genuine Buckskin Gloves, lined, will be
on sale Saturday at 75c pair. These are worth $1.50
pair.   We guarantee these Gloves to be genuine
buckskin. Remember we will sell these at 75c pair
^0E.Satar4ay-4^dJffionday^aly^—---— —
A shipment of Heavy Wool Sox has arrived from
the mills too late for this season's business. They
are excellent value at 50c pair. We will clear
these, Saturday and Monday at 4 pairs for $1.00
All our Overcoats will be
cleared out on pay day. K
you are in need of an Overcoat now is your chance.
Tho reductions will be tiie
greatest we have ever given.
They include heavy Tweed,
MeKon and  Bearer Coats
with convertible and -shawl
collar*. Every Coat guaranteed by us.
Our hand made Wool Mitts always give satisfaction. This pay day wewill sell thein for 3 pairs
for $1.00.  This.will show you a substantial saving.
.    ■    l      I'" ;f>  •:   ,
Our Ladies9 Department
All odd-lines of Children's Underwear, composed
of Combinations and drawers only, will bo cleared
at pay day prices that mean money saved.
Ladies' Flannelette Underwear of extra good
quality will be sold for the two days only, Saturday
and Monday. See our special display iu Dry Goods
All lines of Children's and Infants' Woollen
Goods, comprising Toques, Scarves*. Jackets, Boot-'
t>m, Mitts, Overalls aud Hoods, are being placed
on special tables for Saturday. The prices will interest you.   Ik sure you look these over.
Ladies Underwear
All odd lines of Ladies' Underwear, Vests, Drawers and Combinations, will be cleared Saturday and
Monday at reductions that will dean them up in
a hurry.
Our Ready-to-wear Department holds many attractive feat ,res to interest keen buyers. This is
the season of the year when we most desire to
clean up the odd ends of every lino. This week
end we will show the balance of our Cashmere
Twill Waists in plain and fancy stripes, mado
with tailored aud low collars. The colors are varied, having both white and dark grounds.
Ths Price will be 90c, Saturday tod Monday only
Onr Ladies' Ready-to-wear Coats have been the
talk of the town. We have only 50 left, but these
are somo of tho finest turned out this season. They
are regular $15.00 values. We intend to make a
grand clean-up Saturday and will place these on
sale Saturday at $3.00 each. Be quick on this and
get first choice. There are some very choice Coats
in this lot.   Hem ember, only $5.00 each
The balance of our Keady-to-wear Hats will be
sold Saturday for a song. If you need ft Hat come
early. All onr Hats worth up to $5,00 will be sold
for .,
i«• * # * # i
$2 JO
All our Hats up to *1;"».00 will go at.... $6.00 each
Small Wares
Lima Beans 3 lbs.
Rolled Oata  8's
Cowan's Maple Buds per lb.
Ixtwney 's Cocoa Vi H»- tins
I-jombard Plums, 2 lb. tins  2 for
Sliced Pineapple 2 lb. tin
Golden Dates  2 lbs.
Salt Herring  per lb.
Spearmint Gum   3 packages
Minoetnent  12 lb. pail
iihautiotk *M niche* £ jwteka-ges
Heinz Pork and Beans small
Ileitis Pork and Beans, medium 2 for
Dill Pickles   per dozen
Baby's Own Soap   per box
Colgate's Soap  per half doien
Lyle'a English Syrup 2 tins
Special Blend Bulk Tea 3 fclba.
Tetley's Yellow Label Tea p«kr Ib.
Fresh Killed Chicken  per Ib,
Fresh Killed Fowl  per lb.
In onr Small War*s Department we have made
lit****   |»l«j»*J#ii-t»i*»   tu>«   «   i'i*   *t*t*ii,m   twin".      nr
Hits t    .UTt-kUtfkn   tUt   mun   ut   <.>iu«ui    WtUt'ft,   .•»'••> I*'!****
and Stationery on tables convenient for your in-
*|»(jH, »•*«<». Itt*.     fit IMl    j>,.«M1«    ttt*     ft*     ..'ttlt     *••«•     »*'<-
HIVtUU  »U*J  lillU'ii"'.
Fresh Killed Turkey .
Sir icily Fmdi Rggs . *
N«»w Zealand Butter
California Oranges ...
Hffd-Nl Raisins, 12 ««.
•. •«.
per lb.
per doten
... per lb.
. per ease
.1 pack Ha
t*m*t ttnrn
9, 94 99.9 ttt.19
Mil:  UUI * UU Uk»*|>»-*>   iuv,"'.'.
Hair Beta
Mending Wool
thfm Shields
Bom Supporters
Conet Clajps
Hair Goods
If esh Rigs
Wash Cloths
Hooks and Eyes
Doast Fatttsart
BMr Pint
Back Combs
Writinf Fapsr
Ssfctv Pins
Bone Hair Ptni
Bail Brasbss
Tsbls Mats
Ail the latest creation* in taffies' Fsney foliar*,
hundreds of different styles and patterns. The
mfoi^tp aw the very newest. Thew ar* sample
. ollitr* und are worth up to ttJSO each. Throe will
be displayed in our IWy <#ood* Department at We
ea*»|i Sstnrd«.r and Monday only.
Com* Early
Money Saving Prices
The Store of


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