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The District Ledger Aug 29, 1914

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Industrial Unity *. strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
No. 53, Vol. VII.
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THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
Farewell Stiwker
To The Volunteers
REPLAY TIE—CRAHAN   CUP
The city of Fernie had to celebrate dience rising and singing "For He's a
the departure of those who have de- Jolly Good Fellow."
cided  to  risk their lives, in  support After  several   musical   Items,   con-
of the Empire, and "with that object tributed  by  J.   Quinney,  Pipe :Major
in view, the Mayor and several distinguished individuals arranged a
concert at which liberal quantities of
:Mutz's extract, bread and cheese and
smokes were dispensed. It was, indeed, fortunate for the German Em-
, V"-"or that he did not happen to be
'v in the vicinity, also that the scene
of war is so far away. The mayor,
barristers, mine managers and clergymen had remarks to make, iiii of
which were more or less deroratory
to his Serene and Warlike Highness
Wilhelm II.
The .Mayor opened the ball, and his
remarks were punctuated by outbursts of applause, which made hearing very difficult. Sherwood Herchmer followed, and his remarks were
also well received, A. musical program had heen arranged and a song
by Mr. Schofield was next item. After
this we had an opportunity of hearing the opinion of the Rev. 1). M. Per-
' ley on the war. While deploring the
nature of events, he thought they
owed a duty to themselves, their
country and their King. "We must
hang together," quoted the reverend
gentleman, "or we shall be hung separately," The unprovoked attack upon Belgium, he claimed, left nothing
more for the most peace-loving country in the world but war. His final
remarkB were'an exhortation to the
volunteers to live clean lives and be
strong.
A song hy iMr. F. Alexander was
followed by a speech by tho Rev.
Robertson, In the course of which tlie
reverend • gentleman said ho thought
Germany was going to. get a good
"rtnihhl-ng." nnd he thought  that  anv
Ross, Carrie's orchestra, and others,
the grand march around the room,
headed by the piper, was started, and
tho parade went up and down the
main street, marching to the strains
of the piper's band until early morning.
Both the Fernie-Coal Creek Excelsior band and the Italian band, were
out, playing patriotic airs on the
streets during the evening.
The committee of the smoklng-cou-
pert for the contingent going to the
war, wish to thank Messrs. Dobson &
\Villingha*m for the use of Victoria
Hall, and those who so generously contributed food, drinks and cigars, also
others who assisted with music, songs
and speeches, and making the concert
a success.
FERNIE JOTTINGS
On Friday the All American baseball girls put it over the local nine
to the tune of 6 to S.
Dr. Rutledge, V. S„ was in the
city on Wednesday on official business.
.The Fernie high and public schools
opened the fall term on Monday, August 24th.
■Acting Chief Provincial Constable
Wellsby paid an official visit to Canal
Flats and Cranbrook last Friday and
Saturday.
A' big parade is being arranged' for
the evening on which the Fernie overseas contingent depart. The Army and
Navy   Veterans'  Association   will be
■This match was played on the old
football ground at the north of the
town before a goodly number of football enthusiasts. Ovington of Corbin
refereed.
Owing to the departure of Jock
■McLetchie for the front, a slight alteration was necessary in the Creek
team, and Manning was called upon
to assist McFegan at back. The Fernie team was strengthened by the
addition of Hunnable. From the
start, .Coal Creek did all the pressing,
and as a result of a collision between
Banns of tlie Creek, and Gregory, of
Fernie, the former was compelled to
retire from the game. Shortly after
tbls, T. Martin got a chance at goal
and made no mistake. The play had
been in progress but a few minutes,
when Armstrong notched another for
the Creek, and at half time the score
read Coal Creek, 2; Fernie, nil.
On' the resumption of play, Fernie
made a determined effort to pierce
the stonewall defense of Sawyer, but
to no avail.
The reappearance of Banns strengthened the Creek side, and in spite of
some fine combination pray by Fernie, Sawyer proved himself equal to
the occasion. End to end play followed, and from a rush by Armstrong,
the Creek added a third goal. The
final result was Coal Creek, 'A; Fernie, nil. This means that Coal Creek
and Frank will play in the final.
ISLAND STRIKE
SETTLEMENT
of Unions to inform their member-
ship that on account of the conditions in the mines, hundreds of our
men are still unemployed, and in all
probability it will not be before the
first of the year that all former era-
We have received the following telegram, signed by the president and
secretary of District 28, IJ. M. W. of
A., Vancouver Island:
XANAIMO, B. C„ Aug. 25.— Following is the propos't'on that has
been (accented by the Vancouver Ir.
land minerp: The companies will
employ ull men In tnelr employ at rhe
time of beginning of the trouble,
without discrimination, and as rapidly
as physical conditions of the mi'ies
will permit. The managements further agree that so long as the best
interests of the properties under th*=-ir
control may be fully conserved, tV:y
will not employ any new men till all
of their employes who desire work
shall have been reinstated. The
miners shall have the right to belong to the United Mine Workers of
America If they so choose, and the
.companies shall not discriminate !♦
against any of the men because of:^
their affiliation therewith, this, how- \ ♦
ever, is not to be understood as ai^
recognition in any respect by the j ♦
companies of the United Mine Work- j ♦
ers of America. In order that or-1 ♦
ganized labor may understand the true \dk
status of affairs on Vancouver Island, ♦
I respectfully request all secretaries ♦
ployes wili be reinstated. Ofificial
notice will be published when men
are all reinstated and organized labor
will be well advised to say away from
Vancouver Island until same appears in the official labor press of this
Province.
ROBERT   FOSTER,
President,
.101IX   M'ALLISTMR.
Secretary.
Worker Needs Help
More Than Banker
Trades and Labor  Congress of Canada  Gets
After Borden
Ottawa, August 20, mil
S. P. OF C.
A dance will be held in the Socialist
11 illl on Labor Day, September 7th.
Price oi" admission us usual.
NOTICE
'Miners,  stay away from Taber, as the mines are not working and  no prospects of work.
Hundreds of men idle.
A.  BATEMAN,
Pres. Local 102.
ALEX PATEltSOX,.\
Secretary-Treasurer
Latest War News
one who got a "drubbing" from John
Bull was all the better for It afterwards. He wiBhed the volunteers
Godspeed and a safe return.
The Inimitable Archie Prentice was
the next entertainer, and his appearance in Highland costume was tho
Btgnal for a great outburst of cheering. He was compelled to respond
to an encore.
Dr. Bonnel was the next orator, and
from the start the "Doc" sure "let her
go."    They were not there to make
speeches, lie said, but to honor the
men who had responded to tho calt of
the greatest" nation ever known.   Arrogant Germany had dared to declare
war on Great Britain, and for her arrogance tjwo wan ii great fall.     He
AVent one better than the Rev. Robert-
son, and hoped ihey would give Germany a "damn good licking."     Thd
doctor explained that he was permitted to use stronger adjectives, than
the   clergyman,   nnd   the   audience
laughed Un approval,   If the Empire
needed men, he declared they would
get   tbem. and   if   there   w««   not
enough young men. they would get
them from IR to UO.   "What are we
at wor   for?"   asked   the   speaker,
"Docn Great Britain want war?   No!"
The Oermnn Government hud thought
to take advantage of the Internal distention* In Great   Britain,   hut had
discovered that those distentions did
not exist, and every man who could
wa* flocking to the artnr of tho Kin*.
\V. n. Wilson, general manager C.
X, V, KSotA Compnny, who delivered «
neat little ipeeeb. was ln a partlcm-
Surly good anecdotic*! mood, but remarked that songs seemed mora appropriate than speeches.   He did not
think that the bulk of the German
people were responsible for this war.
' and be spoke In warm terms of   th*
thrift, clevernaa* and warm-hoartad-
new of tho people  of  that  conntry,
which knowledge,  he   claimed,   was
gnlnM trom first hand acquaintance.
llie guard ol honor for the boys.
The regular monthly tea of the
Ladles' Aid of the Methodist church
will be held at the home of 'Mrs. C,
H. King, Fernie Annex, on Tuesday,
September 1st, from 3 to 6.
Captain Ashley-Cooper of Creston
arrived ln the eity on Wednesday evening to consult with Lt. Col. J. Mac
kay, recruiting officer, relative to the
organization of the East and West
Kootenay regiments and overseas
contingent.
Tlie letting of the material and labor contracts for the Fernie Annex
sidewalks was the only other important business transacted ut tbe
council meeting. The Jewell Lumber
Company, Jaffray, roceived the contract for that material at their figure
of $2,210.50, and William Dicken.
Pernie, the labor contract, at $1,212.20.
LONDON, Aug. 26.—A general attack upon the French-British allies
was made all along the line, today,
by Germans in southwestrn Belgium.
This is officially announced by the
press bureau of the  British  Govern-
jnsntJLhis aftprnnnn       Tt     wag     tho
today
The
first official   news    received
from the scene of the conflict,
statement follows:
"The Germans attacked the French
on the southern frontier In force. The
attack was repulsed and the enemy
retired all along the line,"
Enemy Falling Back in Parts of Line
Before Onslaught—Furious Fighting
Around Charleroi — Crushing Advance of Russians a Feature of Day
PARIS, Aug. 2(1.—Hard fighting Is
going on at Luneville, where the
French attack the Germans ln full
forco.   The French nnd British allies
back in eastern Prussia. The Times
St. Petersburg oerrespondent says
says the Russians, on Monday, reached Marienburg, only twenty-five miles
from Danzig.
■ue"rnTaffs'in""h"uit"Retreat'
Diplomats as Press Agents
THE HAGUE, Aug. 26.-1:50 a. m.-
Possibly to counteract one another,
the French and German legations now
issue daily bulletins on the result of
the   fighting.   The   French   legation
To the Hon. Premier of the Dominion
of Canada, Sir R. L. Borden, and
Honorable Cabinet Minister of Hip
Dominion Government:
Gentlemen:—In behalf of ihe Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada, we desire to bring to your attention, so that,
you way take action al the special
session of Parliament, the needs of the
working class of this country.
It is useless to point out the serious
nature of the unemployed problem in
Canada at present, as you, wc believe,
are fully aware of it.    You are also
aware of the closing down  of indus- i
tries and    restriction    of operations i
which makes a very bad situation an |
appalling one. throwing thousands   of!
wage earners out of employment. :
- i
Therefore,  one of  the  great (pies- j
tions we believe you should deal with i
is the protection of the interests of
the working class. The Government
has already taken steps to protect the
great financial interests of the Dominion of Canada. You have made legal
tender the note circulation of the
banks. Legislation is proposed to extend the credit of the banks enormously. You are about to, suspend, the
redemption of Dominion notes for
gold.
The maximum of protection is to be
given to the great, financial interests,
What about the common people?
give unlimited power to this. Government at the special session. It is
for the Government to decide what
treatment the great mabs of the people
of this Dominion shall bave.
Wo( assume,   us   representing    the
workers, that the urc.it i.hsiMaiici' you
arc  giving the  financial  interests,  is
to enable the people of this country to
continue their commercial and industrial activities and noi to enable these
interests to enrich themselves at the
,' expense cf thc nation.   This being so,
j we expect the Government to sec that
; this Idea is carried into practice.
!     We suggest that ycu appoint an in-
| diistrial commission   immediately   to
find ways of dealing with the unemployed problem, to find out accurately
its extent, and suggest public w6rks
in conjunction with municipalities and
tbe Provinces, to be carried out.
ln behalf of rhe Trades nnd Labor
Congress of Canada.
For Executive Council,
FRED    BANCROFT,
JA/MES SIMPSON,
P.  M. DRAPER.
j says  that   while  the   losses   to    the
ST. PETERSBURG.   Aug.   2tt.—The | French   in  the. fighting around   Metz
general staff states that the Germans j and Luneville were heavy, those of the
In East Prussia are In full retreat to j Germans were heavier.
Koenigsburg.
I
Austrian Victory Claimed
BERLIN, Aug. 2«.--Wireless by
of  Nauen und'Sayville—Official
ports made public in Vienna and received here by telegraph, say thnt a
great   battle   of   three   days'   duration at Krasmlk (In Russian Poland,
twenty-eight miles southwest of Lublin)   ended yesterday  ln a
Today's German bulletin states that
! there is a panic at Antwerp due to the
j fear of a siege by the Germans.   The
wny j remainder of the bulletin was delected
tc-; hy the censor at some point In trnns
mission.
International Board Member D.
Rees arrived back in Fernie from Indianapolis Thursday morning. He
has been ln attendance at the International Executive Board meeting,
and reports that this has been one of
the busiest and longest sessions on
record,  many matters of vital  inter-
In view of the fact that the W. F.
M. in convention selected ii corn-
Belgians Destroy -German Works
LONDON,    Aug.     26.—A   dispatch
from Antwerp to the Exchange Tcle-
omnlfcte! prnpli Company says the Belgian ope-
Austrian, victory.   The Russian fe-rc;>
were repulsed along the entire front
KAIH8. Aug. 20,—The war office Ik-
In the county court on Friday last. Uiw| the foUowIug statement today,
before his honor Judge Thompson, the Rftep reM,lv(ng d,gpatches from the
applications    for    naturalization    of
three Germans and  three Austrlaus
was 'refused on the ground that* thty
were invalid Snaamucli as the applicants were alien enemies.    In dealing with the question of naturalization his honor covered the question
very thoroughly and ruled that such
alien enemies had no rights whatever
in Canadian courts of equity,
At meeting of city council on
Thursday last a deputation from the
Fernie band waited on the city fathers and requested tbat the $«oo grant
arc making n determined assault upou| of   seventy    klloraeteres   (forty two
the German lines oast of Aiaubeuge. j miles) and are now in full flight In tl.e
The Germans arc reported to he falling I direction of Lublin,
back at some points on their lines.       j .	
Allies Successful In Battle j Walkers' Donate $50,000
OTTAWA,   Aug,   20,—Hon.   W.   T
rations beyond Mallnes were continued throughout last night, Thc Bol
gian forces succeeded In destroying
defensive works constructed by the
Germans,
j FORTS ARE SILENCED
I BY FEW SHELLS
White, minister of finance, -announced
that Hiram Walker & Sons, Ltd   hav.
frontier!   "Advices from the frontier j donated the sum of $50,000 toward th*
declare a big battle now In progress j micr.'(l military and   naval   expend!•
and is progressing favorably to the | ture of the Government.
allies." i 	
——- j Says Japanese Failed
Furious Fighting Around Charleroi
LOXDON. Aug. 20.—Furious fighting, centering uround Charleroi, Is
going on today, In a battle between
the French and British allies and this
Germans In southwest Jlelglum, The
fourth day of the ongagemtn found the
allies taking the uffnslve aud pound-
NEW     YORK,     Aug,    2fi, ('mini
.loltiinn Von Bcrntstorff, tierm.n an-
bnfcsndor In the United States, today, received an official telegram
from Pekln, China, saying the .Hpiin-
ese attack upon Klau Chan, the Ger j Fon An,,0)' aUu *^ttiire.ii
man leasehold In China had fallel     j wa» ,llm0Ht out oi" !u,lo»-
I LONDON, Aug. 2«.—The Purls cor-
j respondent of the Times says thnt he
j met a Belgian officer and the jiaymas-
I ier-5ieiu-r.il of Nainur, who told, lilm
l tliat tiie town of Nainur lind been occupied by the Germans, It had been
subjected to a furious bombardment
an.| tl.e (tormnn fire was so well regulated that the first few shots had
silenced Fort Mnrrhoveletie on the
iiorthcan and Fort Malzerei on earn.
i est to the organization being consid-
A great many of the workers never j ered and discussed,
earned enough to obtain a chance to | At the ,agt meet(ng of the interna-
purchase a home. Many by struggles j tiona, E3tecutlve Board a vote was
they themselves could tell best, have lin.iljimous!v recorded heartily en-
purchased homes by a deport of cash ( dorsUlg the |Mface effong o( ,»reB|deIlt
iifaiHUiaa»nH>tton-ot-Bi^^
only means of revenue is the selllne of; .JilU.,,eil mc .President to tliis affect.
their labor power.   They pay interest
and principal out of the wages they ,
earn.   Now big interests are shutting 1 °\
down, adding to a fearful unemployed I m,ttce to *W™** **»« ™"'* Mlne
problem    existing.     Failure   of   lhfi i Workers of America to consider the
workers to be able to sell thoir labor j "UMt,on of ™»s°lidution. •»•* '"^
means thev will be unable to meet 1 miioml K"«-utive *°&r& of the latter
ll,* puvment on nmrtagages. The loss! bo,,>' ni ,th,(lr 5ast m««BK appointed
..f the'hon,e is inevitable If the great/1 '•<»»'"'^ to meet the Western
financial Institutions and other* take I ™«ralIon wpresentnilves and dis-
advantage of legal  rights. Il,lss '"<' whole 1"09t,°»"
Inasmuch as the Government Is pro-
toning the great Interests to an enormous extent, wo desire lhat thc protection of the Government shall be also extended to the common people,
whoso Interest* are as dear to them
as the Interests of great corporations
to tlio shareholders. Wc ask thut you
afford that protection now to the common people, nt this session,
Or else does It not mean tbat th©
protection of. the Government to the
On Friday last Lt. Col. .los. MacUay
received word from the Minister of
Militia io Increase the strength or the
Kootenay overseas contingent by one
hundred men or to a full .strength of
two hundred. Thc previous allotment
was Immediately doubled, when on top
of these Instructions ■ camo the word
that all available men woufd he accepted from the Kootenays, wjth orders to rush men forward as early tin
possible, franhrook ,'>.?*d Nelson were
coiiitnuntcuted   with  and
biu Inteve*'* tiAR (tlrctdy been e\t»nd-
«nv«.
continues:
"The   Germans
LONDON, Aug, 20,~"A.t attempt to j ^n'nave! ''".h'hw.
W.
Bomb Sent to Bank
entered    thn
i-i    '» tu',;
xoillheliKt
town'
.,.-..i. :.,*i*.,
of    tlie'
IK
passed «ir!r thin vftir he paid     A*<«»'"? »« U» German lines, which Hei
the two banda In the city each have tx \"»«»» of U»* Sambro river and In the j
string on tbls fi»nt and hate baen S »«nwe of Belgian aoll, between tbe j blow up one of   the   chlof   Londin | t(l vn  sint, K(,r,
unable to get together with a flewj-iinto* »»* the P»»»*    wlM;re   the| banks." says the Evening News, "haa | ,„„ $hU, of ,,1P M,„M, .tnd thf, ,„;„„
of dividing same, the council decided | Meuse river cuts Into France.    Re-j led to a special warning to nil banks |of fom ,„ „,„ „,„.„,  „„„ ,,„,,,    h|
that a competition be held on Labor! inforcements  are  being   runhed  for-ito examine thoroughly upon delivery. '.„,*,„„ of fjR,   tLlllilltt.    „ri..,:irat;;i,u
Day, and that a competent Judge be * *'««> *<* »• «»'*» »«■ ,h» »»»<* Gov-1 all  boxen deposited  with thein.     A u,„h    wlw   (,nt,«„.cl..m. nts,    ,hrn„^
brought In from some outside point to
award the total grant to the band tbat
proves Itself the superior at the said
competition.
On Hundny, Aimu«t 30th, the Pre»
ernment   admits   that   the   fate   of: harmless-looking  deep box  wis   \in-
»•
Xon. regretted tta ^nrt wax «W  J^M;   *££ j£
than he did. end he ws. .wsr* that J""*!* *" TSl  Zi   *r   n***1
*h«* wo«M be a tmt 4**1 of ««'  X^^tll.^n2feen^JTmi
 '""which was passed nn electric current
Prance may hstig on the outcome   of j sented at a London bank for depisii In i of , :m vo)t|(  mA ,,H, Wlfr^ i)i(, „»
the conflict.    With two of the Bel-; the stronr room,   A sharp ear cjii<s!it'
glan forts at Namur In the po»xe«xlon I an ominous tinkling and hii Infer*,.it
of the Germans and another out of com- machine was discovered lit the :,n\,"
itaptlM taUMPn. the artillery of the Invading | ——
TJ,,,, , 'host Is thundering against the »ucl.
speaker related one little anecdote ett™  '£' 'ZLT^Z^Z
s German miner at  Bankhead,  whojiB* *' c'   VnUm mni,m
two dsjn baf-OTW irar   mis   tierlnred, j
and stone walls   of   tbe   remaining
_ secretary of i *w**' **"* -f*««H»»l l» wtani    •**«
Alliance for Alberta T^ hot tlm
Otclaratten Not Rtctlvsd
Washington, Auk   ?«.   OffHst  no
tificaiton of Austria's declaration   of
broken Rings, Namur   fell   into
(Html*- of the Gertnitn* on ritindity.
"The IWgtai)* ev*i'iM.'i'd the trcvi
•n -in wt-erh' tmhn.-r V r^'li*.:
*tlwk and motor ear« «<re re,n«»v<> 11 children left lo pay the
H'.|   tbe   ^Intlflll   master   left    ,,',   t<>»i IfflMl-cd   !.t'lce»    tlie  h<m
great financial Interests in thin ('rlwls': jj,imf>dj[l(t.|v
is a bulwark from which W*™l»uloua [ ^^^   W(,m   m^   (m   ^
ou*. caa pwy upon tlu- common H<'«-| lroop„ ,„ „ulril|„ „t Nelson  Wedne*.
I,k>'' May night, the number at that point
Air.ii;. ih'- prc*s itt rumoring tore-1 Mng ^.^ ,,,,,..,  wh|pJ| h U||. ^.^
rliiwir** and i mniiientlnu unfavorably ■ (v(m W(,H, Koo?enav, Tll(, wventv v„i.
ou such anions, tbe credit of th.- emu - j ,mU,nn (nm (.ri„lboo!{ wtft ,„ ,lftV0
mon people should he extended In thl*; m„, ,,,,„ ,l0l]y a, rri„(irwik   .l.„.r„ .,
directum ut once;  the credit of    the • stlw|(|, trf(ln wl„ ,„, nia)J<J ,„, fo-||OW.
IllK the I'eglll-Hr pHHKHiger ."»d pick-
ill u up tl.e Ferule continistfju of ninety
odd and then procnnliiiB direct to
Valcnrtler, Que However fn spit* of
the fan ihat the \V'.*t Kootcti-av «on
lU.fetii.l   uii.iil    ...   .*■••,-.       >i.<ni      ,.   i i.
allowed  the  privilege of flying Wed-
!;*ts'iv, \ii;"!f L'r'h, •■- .! -.'I'i.ib!-
date for tlieir dc;i;.rt.ire, .. wire win
recehct by Mr Heading, (\ I*. II.
,.s. i,'„ V,'t(l:,i»d«j ,i...»ii.ji.iS from the
Mi!«-rht«'tidcn« nf tr.iii»i.ortati(in, Van-
that the H'cst Kootenay
t.iiid not * n;^.' tin'15 Friday
«»i'>rnlii«.. wit|t the rcn'.ilt, iii;»l at. thl*
Lite ilnie the    «-<mi!iiu«'i!t    from    the
K'Mtil;:<> s   .Vill   be   illDl.lJ   'he last    to
KITH*''    fit     t'l.      Vt'   ! I   *   t'-  :" -   '"    •   »!»ljl *
iiumbi-r of iiti-n    bn**'    alN-sd)*    p*4ld
l)il'»-    out.    lit."    ,..    Vl'-   I't'ct     IH.'...!'
badly and j ''<»•
The slorv ■     l*l"* (<«»vcniiiH nt Is nuked to
' | the homes of the people first.
!>• |s Ht lie Imped tint vou already
\.,,,i AA, „„'f,i ,,!„,'.',* ;.,'Ay. <A. -,\y
Hon ni food »ti|ipll»«s lu Canada.   Hur-c-
Jy  ti-cre  '■'.».  In*  -nn    -j-mpaGiy     with
food   mmilpnlator*    heni   on  making
huge profit* at a time like this out nt
;ke ui;fi>rtu:..at- tio.-.itlotj ut thc ;>< •■■>
|.le,     TSMt.e   who   prate   about   *aerl-
ti.e jtnd then turn uromitl nnd ••sploli itwivt-r.
tin* IkIpIchi of Ihe common jM»opl««   In ) truop*
Ibi* crisis, deservf) no coiisldfrHlinii*
Ik ail   'lie tmcrltlCe  IO  !»•* Hi.  lilt'   'U l"
place?    The   worker*-*   tii   \b<-   iniii.-*,
tUWiif tb<- rfyt-M'u*.  tx.t- «vM*-.-v •    :i-Jit
U'ltl;  rim'-   ot
»    to     !»•    lll«t
last locomotive with tbe r-silwav ca*k| tH*cau^ of Initblltiv tri pav .»ff mort
rushed dawn the main street nnd In-
vlll   be
held In the Methodist church lu the
morning at 11, aad in the Presbyterian
eSutreb mt ":W.  Mt. Ilteetla t» « Uve
A report received early ln the day,
said the right wtnw ot the Herman
army la lying lii the Provlucc of
HalwitiH,    hetween     Coitntral    and
quired «f tverrotie It sight If itaf«|Wil| ^^ „ n^mt ^^^ „M „n mW wavering before tbe repeated »**»nlts | Vienna to Toklo. th#nr*. here
w»r on .lapan In* tmt yet reached the ' jm  liiHi,t S,s„    Atm
Austrian and Japanese *mbaa*!a*. Atjlraa,M> uumberlni about
the .lapaiiene emlm*»y It I* i-s;?lmaie«l | lllllS<,r   ,j,,.   f.rolectloH  ol
thst two days will be rerjulred for tlie|*e«valry wrw-n.   within
traimtiilntJikia of tlv*" decliiratlon from' vin<8#,"*
Tl,
if
Ihe
th"
lil
ill
•i'.n>»ed
'".•.-in *b
French
■99,9)49     919.191
49)L:l9th4iLm
tt -nr -npfclcfl fbtil fbr poifrtri'ittet
wotilfl bt the most llketjr to ktioir,
and he forthwith eemAnA Ot that of-
fffetol whether boetnitlee had hrokan
oet hetween the two eountrlee    ITn-
* ,t     ....t        . .       .»     ,. -
.,»  -(v.«n, it*.,*....t*,   *>    a*.-ti'**ta-r**
qaif**, "Whr» thee hae nqr B»«H«h
neighbor nUdm mp chlekeasr The
•never that Bight he glren to those
who eeqelre why Bagtend te at war
wltt Oeneaiy la "Ileeaaae Oerauuy
triad ttt steal poor, IKtte BMhtte*."
W, R- eleo reUted hie experteoeea el
tb* wnr l» Roetli Afrtoa not frtd e»-'
other itorr to lllBfinte the fieenHar
avlrtt of frateralty that etlata he-
tween aoidilers. attheegh ti»*y May ht
»t war aad ftghUai tm aa»*.ker.
Mr.. WBaaai tetttt the aawwwaw-Meat
ft role* to preeewt each asaa wilt a
eeae pl»e aai powtb. Thia geieroas
4«Biao!i was loudly cheered, thl to
vaelarnlr dbonto*, Um no-
do well to bear him. The Alllaneei
Ooes nm stand ior coercion or bigotry, i
hut for the rlghte of tht worker aad
the Soteieats of good cliUensJilip.
The
'"" t Aiistrfan embaaty is still cut off from i
;*jtjt „w„  .    jv-ttHMUttuicauon wtln tli» imks* -ttovern- j
« AeUbmtiA | a^Bt, j
in !!)«>«•>    ii»i«ialUf«ci<»r<    delsvM     On
g*a«-,»> rfl  iwaliiril), ., Wi-.ij,!*!*.:...!    ,if;..|i,m«!k    li,i.    tLiiigitti t»
Hurel.v theiM> things   art'   td   |wr» i «»f 'be t-Jinpm- pr<-netiu*-,t c.-„-Ii nm»   of
rnmm1 InipoMnttce *o n re[irei«ert'aftve i tu** v..lHhte«r
Government*   Ho we *uifire».t you Immediately take *»«j»s  lo (Miiirol  Ihe
Me mm**.
■J  i
THt Itll
Aa an indication of   the   aseaago
ment'e method of doing bnslneea, the
featnre fer Wedaeeday waa not considered up to the mark tttt they ro
fiieed to ran the   film.    There are
my few towns In flsnede when* the
pwMte enjoy tmeb aplendid prafectlott
and tatantmil mttHtatl a*1»*t1f,na tta tra
do bore fji Ftr-nJe in onr picture
honsee The pletnre peMle. le tot*
talaly Indebted to Mr. .Miller of the
Into Itor Ma eltorta to elevate the tone
^a      .1^49      M,^^M,^*.^^W     S^^dUk'ft.^^ . 19 *       ^^iM 1'* *--
ea vam tttmaw amwat**-, mw* ^eataatm
them wfth good, ri*nn, hettbbr pt*-
tare* at * poiwilar prtee.
Don't firniet the second Installment
of Loette Love, fMday neat
ol (a« leit «•«* «n
ii   iift.    ,*),.,«".,    i,,'..*i.    It t.ttS
telved from i*«r3« that
ef (ihe T%laM hae heen seen urn^tr
Dense!, France, eighteen miles orer
the   Belgian   border.    French and
Oorernment. tht alllee have regained
their original poeition east of   the
•elglan Victory Cenflrmsd |
yV^«*1ttvnTf*V    -Xna   *0-.*\ii*nU*>pr-
Meose. hetween th* northern border
of the Grand Dnehy of Lnvembarg
nnd fHret.   Af ttmt polet tb* Tr*orb
traope claim control of all the roada
leriiting tntti tb* £r*nt wont'-d tr,**"-
ot tkn dnpnttmtut ot Atdeuut*.
• prtrste advice* eonflibed reports of a
1 tk*tgia» victory over Germans nmr
tlallnef. Belgians, according to Allu
lsti»r Hsvenith's advices, completely
routed the German force* and drove
ti.ic* imir division* ot the
army.
»,..  ....       1 *l-*\4*:    *(.*■■    •*",' •'•'•'
war bulletin"
F*er le th* ■*%»** ot nil pitnl<r« ■»««!
much slrkni-»« durlns war tlm«»s.
Them- ilu\» il !« » good th!).«- tu
Have it Wt of land, some ttpmHt and
a barrel of nutlet milk.
In these unplMsmiu day* In Europe,
nol n»au> aoldlfir* will nov* their lives
by carrying Blbl^n o*»r their hearts.
\,.,
do lt
Again, the unemployed problem demands Immediate attention,   The Gov J
#rnm«nt  should t«k* this itiaucr tips
CrwaHiinf Advanco tf Nuaetaea
IX>XDO.\, Ang. H.~Tlke re«h ot the* fbe  M&rniaa    Pom
wain Ruwalan away toward th* fwt- **r*'    '",« ad*W!on
There Is no escus* for the prices
'if-rman \ oi food*tuns lu America «&>»* up. Tlie
*pr|fi»« shtrttld  m dr**n  as  at* be**-*
-—— ■ mftT* tv*b !n Krt\*t'-- >■ *A,hv. we csn t-nt.
Another Heavy Levy ! or sell
MiMMiN, Aug. »-•—A dispatch   to)    In America se\ewl »*iiilf«is of men j sidcralion wf I'arliamew.
Irom    Antwerp are flghfina the Kuro-jwen w*r.   The
to lh* Oenaan! flghttng tt   ;.Ttri*tT.slly   fr*»    wor*
• illl N lieiti l.-l'lni' Willi
I tlif (ti*("r!(.lt(iB "F^rtiif" nu th-wu, and
j Mr W. It. U'linm. «-»s,f«rj»l ittititscer of
i   ,*,,,     t*9.t.t,.,V     \*i,9*     »••,.--»     f',..*     fl l,n*.*.,„ «.-
' 1,1*1 , tir*»*»"nl**«t ,*tt>'b *:ni,,lt*t*t*-f with
i ;i t*ntn* t»ip"' and *obtft*n iifwich Th»»
; iiresentatlnns were made by Mr, Wl|-
■ son » .laiiKliter, \|i»» Hulls, aid ill*
son. Illsbop.   Other contribution rot,.
,   ,. , •    <• •,•-■' *t ■%'H-*** t\t it,* rtrf'i ■iti-'X n**'!-*1 *-,%i>t*i1  *tr
• wk|»as|Hi*ahonM'hefoneoneiih.|t'''I" *'in »•♦' n«(!* on ^day  when
If ih«. credit of   tbe   (loverum*nt   s* :1b* *•?* ,"*^	
good enough for the great ftnati.»»! iii-|
•tit'itlmi*, it shnntd be good ♦•notigb i
to do business wilh for the p**tfk*> in;    Af llo«mer. oo August 2«h, by the
th* ln?*^r»"»t» of   the   p*oi*t*     Wwfc  (»,,    \ft-f}*ti*'^i*   p-f-ht >n<"m wfrf*.
ftbotilii »* »<»min*»»<«<(l whleli »lil um- ,,*,*,*. 1>f j^rnkv Joaepn Kobfnaon. tbth
'-<"X,-. !"■)   '. ;   •      H-;   !,,:, f    'i   frt; 1    ".1,1
>«i-»iim »t tUuiUft tit Ut    aiid    Mrs.
MAHHHO
If.tf,   r/.'in'itiTHtlmi    *h*   f'lt.irc       ••»•■» I
uliilcr, .'ind »i«*t i**r.   The ^fu\n> nt
this count ri   .houM be the firm > ,n
Your tei.1**
Uliuo U not jtet* before    tbe llou<«.
ttuwugh t* may be. d**idnd em.
l*t*1t*r «;-i"»*tit, K!<>via-fhe, V
) r.ii.i
•lift*
ft
eeee ot Pm*n, tn the mmm IVivfnr*  »nrr of »|ft,eee,flOO tte Pntatala.    tb*I fWitlw    ind    im»--rb»»r.    while th*-     Wf br-nt to \m tb*e* reonemt* tf*-*
of Fosen. If trot, ia ruganM here •« ''Frotince of Urahent ha* been let led j weapone weed •»" **r bulMia* and «itk iii.- wi« .hit lh<* ttateruMtut
the senuttonal news of the dav, V ou for f9fl/Mrt,iM*0 to tic paid by Rep- osone more *.r !«•*• heated.-The will *<•* th** poopto's ttitnrests. and *xA
moat eettmet tm tho Oemsas falling Ueaaher 1," I htim. iaworttngly.   Parliament ts about ?«
\t4»ii now many • tmk I* h*-»») with
Tbt* akoMtnt a*ann9,  . rmtitt*^ e^fSi«*f»
>*ti} in {Ciir<»p* this year.
U will take toot* than three kings
to win the pot tn Europe.
-  I wgm-s.'.'.l'i'i'I1
.y*^ji'i"^i'p""gn**
*.rfu»y i|Ow»j| i «y "ffe*
?srs=Hs-s
S=SS5!SB!SBSBSKaBHB|
TPRxmf
eM
HR5S9
•^l*. ■*.**, -* -.:
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
•A-
Workmen's Compensation
By Jas. H. McVety, Vice President B. C. Federation of Labor
WORKMEN'S  COMPENSATION
THE ONTARIO ACT
Iu June, 1910, in response to a per:
sistent .demand on the part of the
workers for a compensation act, the
Ontario Government appointed Sir
William- Meredith, Chief Justice of the
Province, as-a commissioner to investigate the best practices of. other
countries and to draft an act for Ontario. -..".-. ' :>
'iMore than three years later, in October, 1913, Sir William presented his
final report and while it is comparatively short, it Is the best of its,kind
the writer has seen. .
Workers Present Case
; Naturally, the commissioner commenced operations in Toronto, the
capital of the Province and the largest industrial centre. The views of
the workers were presented by Mr.
Fred Bancroft, vice president of the
Dominion Trades Congress, assisted
by a local committee. This committee
uot only presented the ideas and requirements of the Toronto workers,
but also mapped out a plan of campaign and circularized every point
where the commissioner was to hold
sessions, pointing out what had been
said in Toronto and explaining the
subject in suoh a way that there
would be little chance of confusing
the witnesses from the outlying
points of the Province. So successful
was 'this policy that Sir William
finally gave up in despair and said:
"Tbere is no use in holding more sessions, in this Province; the workers
everyone want the same thing and
give tbe same evidence as those in
Toronto." The commissioner visited'
Belgium, England, France and Germany, as well as the United State, to
secure first hand Information and to
settle disputes between the workers'
committee and the representatives of
the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, a body that vigorously opposed
every effort to secure beneficial legislation for Ontario.
Agrees With Workers
"At the outset of the. inquiry," says
Sir William, "it    was   contended   by
those who spoke on    behalf   of   the
workmen:   (l) That the law of Ontario is entirely, inadequate In    the
conditions under which industries are
now carried on to provide just compensation for those employed in them
who meet with    injuries.   gr_suffer,
"from industrial diseases -contracted in
the course of their employment; and
(2) that under a just law the risks'
arising, from these causes should   be
regarded" as risks of the Industries,
and the compensation for them should
be paid by the Industries.   Agreeing,
as I did, with the contention of the
workingmen, there remained only to
be considered in what form and   by
what means the compensation should
l>e provided."
Manufacturers' Opposition
Dealing with the request that the
"assumption of risk" should be considered, the commislsoner said, "The
rule used Is'based upon tbe asBumit-
tion tliat the wages which a workman
receives Include compensation for
risks  Identical  to    his    employment
which-he has to run. That is, in my
judgment, a fallacy resting upon the
erroneous assumption that a workman is free to work or not to work as
he'pleases, and therefore, to fix the
the wages for which he will work,
and that In fixing tbem.be* will-.-take
into consideration the risk of being
killed or injured which is incidental
to the employment in which he engages."
In equally vigorous language, Sir
William disposes of the manufacturers' contentions that the workers
should be compelled to contribute;
that the employers be permitted to
bring the awards before the courts
for review and that the compensation
be fixed.oil the flat rate basis, as in
Washington.
Burden Distributed
In arriving at a decision to pay
compensation for disability on a percentage basis of 55 per cent of the average wages and in answer to the cry
of the manufacturers that the Provincial manufacturers were discriminated against und that they carried aU
the burden, the commissioner says:
"The workman will bear (1) the loss
of all of his wages for seveYi days ,tf
his disability does not last longer
than that; (2) the pain and suffering
consequent upon his Injury; (3) his
outlay for medical or surgical treatment, nursing and other necessities;
(4) the loss of 45 per cent, of his
wages while disability last; and if
his injury results in his being mained
or disfigured he must go»through life
bearing that burden also, while all
that the employer will bear will be
the payment of 55 per cent of the in
jured workmen's wages while the disability lasts."
Employers Get From Under
The burden which the workman is
required to bear he cannot shift upon
the shoulders of anyone else, but the
employer may and no doubt will shift
his burden upon the shoulders of the
community, or If he has difficulty ln
doing that, will by reducing the
wages of his workmen compel them to
bear part of it."
In concluding his report, the commissioner naively explains the reason why the workers should be appeased by the enactment of "just"
legislation, He says: "In these days
of social and industrial unrest, tt is,
in my judmeut, of the gravest im-
portaric-e-to-the'com"munityn;ha"t"^velry"
proved injustice to any section or
class resulting from bad or unfair
laws should be promptly removed by
the enactment of remedial legislation
and I do not doubt that the country
whose legislature is quick to discern
and prompt to remove injustice will
enjoy, and that deservedly, the blessing of industrial peace and freedom
from social unrest. Half measures,
which mitigate but do not remove Injustice, are. in my Judgment, to be
avoided, That the existing law inflicts injustice on the workingmen Is
admitted by all. From that, injustice
he has long suffered, and It would,
in my judgment, be the gravest mistake If questions as to the scope and
character of the proposed remedial
legislation were to bo determined, not
DAVIDSON'S
Cash Meat Market
(In Suddaby's Old Store)
Beck Block, Fernie
Absolutely no connection with any other
Meat Store in Town. The cleanest
and Most Up-to-date Retail
Establishment in Fernie
by a consideration of what is just to
the" workingman, but of what is the
least he can be put off with; or ii the
legislature were to be deterred from
passing a law designed to do full justice owing to groundless fears that disaster to the industries of the .Province
would follow the enactment of it."
Recommendations Accepted
■The legislature accepted the recommendations of the commissioner, and
at the List session passed his draft
bill, with some few amendment,
which is to go into force January 1,
1915.
As in Washingron, the Ontario Act
is to be administered by a board of
three commissioners, with practically
life appointments, with full power to
administer the act, there .being no
appeal to the courts in Ontario as
there is in Washington.
As readers of the Ledger have already seen, the scale of compensation
to be .paid under the Ontario Act, it
having appeared in the issue of August
15th, following the writer's article on
the British Columbia Act, they will
now be in a position to judge the relative merits of the acts of British Columbia and Ontario, without It being
necessary to repeat the provisions of
the latter again.
Objectionable Features
After a very careful reading of tbe
act there appears to 'be but two
clauses to which objection can be
taken. One is sub-section E of section
33, reading as follows:
"Where the workman was under the
age of 21 years, and the dependents
are his parents or one of them, a
monthly payment of ,$20, ceasing when
the workman would have attained the
age of 21 years or at such later period as the board may deem just."
It would appear that the working
of this clause wilt place a premium
on the employment of persons under
age, although it is not clear that the
dependency of parents becomes any
less after the children have attained
the age of 21, although it must be admitted that most frequently the age
of 21 is when the youth deserts his
parents and starts a home' for himself. This Is not, however, always the
case, and it may be that the provision
giving the board discretionary power
may meet this situation.
Section 8, however, is the most objectionable clause, providing, as it
does, for the exlusion of dependents
residing outside of the Province of
Ontario, except In case where the
country tn which the dependents reside has passed legislation that would
permit the payment of compensation
to dependents residing in the Prov-
-lace-uf^Ontario:—In~"sBch"caTes tire
dependents will be paid the amount of
compensation the country in which
they live would allow to be paid to dependents living in Ontario,
In other words, If the facts were
as ln the case of Kruz vs. Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company, where 'the dependents lived in Austria, compensation would not be paid, unless Aus-
strla had a compensation act that
would permit payments to dependents
of a workman injured in Austria to
be paid to them while living ln Ontario.
It might be urged, with some degree
bf success, that Ontario or any other
Province, might, with proprletry. require people drawing money from
taxes on Ontario Industries to reside
within the Province and to spend the
compensation within the Province.
On the other hand, from the viewpoint
of the employers, those who pay,the
tux from which the compensation is
taken, will by employing workers
whoa dependents reside in other countries, thus reduce the number to
whom compensation must be paid, and
therey reduce the taxes' thoy are com-
•pelled to pay to maintain the fund.
From the workers' standpoint, one
who has recently come to this country
and left Ills rainlly at home, while Horn*
pelled to work .for the same wages
as those entitled to compensation,
finds his dependents, in the event of
hts death, merely because of their res
ldeuce In another country
from tho privilege to which they
should have been entitled hnd they
arrived In Ontario a dny or tin hour
before the accident occurred,
When the time comes, Ilritlsh Columbia workers should remember
funds expended In order lo compel
the Crow'* Neat Pass Coal company
In pay compensation to Krug mid to
prevent thi'
the employment Of migratory worker*, mid *ee to It that ti sufficient pro-
i*'it is made to prevent Hit* Inclimton
of this section In thn Ilritlsh Columbia Act,
The Oil Boom
in
ary
When the oil boom was started in
Calgary, and as was natural, eventall/
reached this town, those in charge of
the Ledger decided to abstain from
boosting or knocking, and as a result all news in connection with the
boom was kept "out of this paper. We
realized the highly speculative nature of the whole business and further we •'knew that a great deal of
wildcatting was being indulged in
by persons who had leases to dispose
of. The average workers cannot make
anything out of these speculations, ln
spite oi the assurances of those who
have stock for sale at half Its par
value. Even if the present war had
not intervened to reduce prices to the
vanishing point, there is every reason
to believe that the bottom would have
dropped out of the boom by now. The
speculator pays for all Inflated values
and if stock Is boosted to forty or fifty
times its value, the broker is the
man who always plays safe. His commission Is anything from 5 to 10 per
cent, and he collects It every time the
stock is transferred. This is the individual who, with the lease holder, has
made money.
The following article may not be
agreeable to all, especially those who
have bought stock, but it is, nevertheless, a fairly good explanation of
conditions as they are and the Editor
of the B. *C. Mining, Engineering and
Electrical .Record Is to be complimented for his candor:
While Calgary numbers in its citizenship many excellent and enterprising men, the behavior of the Inhabitants generally during'the past few
weeks has outrivalled the hysterics of
the British suffragettes, Last fall,
when a little white oil was struck in
the Dominion well there was a similar
display of Calgary hysterics, but the
bubble soon burst when it was discovered that it takes a great deal of
money and time to demonstrate the
commercial value of an oil field. We
wish to pay those in charge ot the.
drillink operations of the Calgary Petroleum Products Company the compliment of saying that they do not appear to have lent themselves to the exaggerated boosting that has .been done
by so many of tbetr fellow citizens.
They realized the work ahead before
anything of economic value can be
,^J£A__U,-JaJ5tated__^he8fi„gsnt!emen-
were associated with the Calgary Natural Gas Company, which drilled two
wells near Calgary with a view to obtaining a supply of natural gas for tbe
city. In addition to that now piped in
from Bow Island. Both wells, were disappointments. The first showing of
white oil in the Dingman well was
struck at 1562 feet, after which drilling was continued to a llttleover 2716
feet, when another deposit of white oil
was struck, and this incident was the
occasion of another outbreak of hysterics.
White oil, while a favorable indication ot a petroleum deposit, has never
been found in quantities to constitute an Important oil field. Notwithstanding this scientific fact, Calgary
printing presses mid newspapers re-
gurded the opportunity as favorable to
get a little easy money after the period
of dullness of business, and the country was flooded with literature redolent of falsehood nud misrepresentation. Newspaper correspondents furnished the same sort of rubbish to the
Otitsido press lu the desperate effort
to work up an oil boom. Broker*' offices were opened by the score and
carpet-baggers were dispatched to alf
centres suspected to have a little easy
money, Including the coast cities.
Maps were displayed which were Inaccurate and misleading,
The calibre of the men In chargo of
, the public   affairs   at   Calgary was
shut off j '*hov,'n ''->' thB fftPt that olie °f tH<J,r
number. Aid. Front, .>u»« dispatched
eimt with samples of oil from the Ding-
mnn well to convince the people of Toronto and Winnipeg that some oil had
really been found.
The mayor and council should have
supplied him with n Jester's cap   and
bells.   At Toronto tliey should have
taken this gentleman out to Petrolia.
placing of a premium on *!«»'• »* «»» well, producing |0,00«,0(H»
cubic feet of gas a day wat reported
^r
$8,000,000 out of selling oil leases in
a few weeks, indicating he has more
faith in getting all the money' he can
out of promoting of oil companies than
in taking his chance to any great extent in actual development, though
his name is industriously used in the
promotion of companies of.-'which he
is a director. The Geological Survey
promptly issued scientific statements
by Dr. Brock and D. B. Dowling, and
a study of the facts submitted by
them showed that there was. uo justification for the boom. This had the effect of making the public a little more
wary of the dozens of companies in
which they were invited to buy stock.
In Vancouver, where there are old
established and reliable brokerage
houses, from whom the public can depend on getting a square deal, small
Investors rushed with their savings
to the carpet bagger from Calgary,
who is here today and gone tomorrow.
It is probable that 98 per cent of the
Investments so made in oil stocks will
be lost, it has been well said that a
fool and his money are soon parted,
and those who were the victims of
the L frenzied finance game and en-1
trusted their 'money to these strangers
have only themselves to blame for
their losses, Generally speaking they
will blame the mineral industry, of
wliich oil prospecting is a part. Calgary waB filled with "eminent geologists," "oil experts," etc., whose names
are utterly unknown in connection
with oil engineering.
One regrettable feature of the oil
boom was the disgraceful manner in
which a section of the newspaper
press prostltued itself iu its deception
of the public for the sake of reaping
a harvest,in wilcat advertising. Gushers which failed to materialize were
promised almost daily.
Directors of companies indulging in
misrepresentation appeared to have
forgotten that they are personally'
liable to those subscribing for shares
for any loss they may sustain under
such conditions, and it is quite possible that when the excitement has
cooled down, and Investors come face
to face with the naked facts, there
may be a crop of law suits in which
some of \these directors may find
themselves called upon to make good
to shareholders le.rge sums lost by
Jhen„in_the.Jrenz4ed"f!nance^periodr
There is, of course, the other side
of the question. While the extremities
to which tlie boom has gone are most
regrettable it has resulted ln several
legitimate prospecting enterprises in
Alberta, Flathead, the Fraser Valley
end Queen Charlotte Islands, being
financed, and money contributed to
nnd expended In such legitimate development Is not lost, even if no immediate results are obtained. The
unfortunate feature ls that companies
are promoted by Irresponsible men
who have never had the oil prospects
of their holdings investigated by geologists and mining engineers, and don't
oare whether there ls or is not any
chance of getting oil, bo long as they
are afforded an opportunity of making
some easy money.
It takes real money and lots of It to
prove an oil field, and buyers of stock
In improperly financed companies
might ns well throw their money in
Durrani Inlet us expect to get any
return for it lu drilling ror oil. For
instance, thc Mngmaii well at Calgary
Is stated to have cast about (120,000,
and to have taken over two years to
drill, While It will produce a certain
amounto f white oil. the company lias
abandoned further drilling of the first
well, and has sluiced drilling another
well with heavier rig, apparently with
the object of reaching the Dakota
which Is expected to prove tho oil
horizon. That formation probably lies
ut a* depth of about 3,500 feot at the
site of the well. Thin new well will
probably cost over ||00,000, and take
over two yearn to drill; and then
there are ao many chances of accident
thnt It may never bo completed or
prove of no economic value. Such Is
the cost and possible disappointment
for which Invent'ors In oil development
enterprises must be prepared. On
the other hand, If an economic oil
field Is proved, the goin to the Investor
and the value of his work In dere)
-t* - r p—,
gists and, mining engineers engaged in
the study-gjf the oil problem in British
Columbia and Alberta, and from these
men, and these alone, can a reliable
scientific opinion be obtained as to
the prospects foir oil. Too often,
however, owing to the'depth of the
oiUformatlon, the geologist and mining engineer are as dependent as anyone else on the drill for Information on
which to base an opinion. Money
expended in development under such
advice is, however, legitimate and
business like, and every investor in
oil should demand the opinion of such
a man on the holdings of the company
in which he is investing. Under other
conditions he will almost certalnly
lose his money, and deserves to lose it
if he does not take proper business
precautions.
THEME FOR "THRIFT" THEORISTS
The present stagnation in industrial?
pursuits should afford an excellent opportunity for those theorists who delight In making statistical computations of how much economic loss Is
sustained by strikes by making parallel comparisons as to the amouut of
wages that is not being paid due to
the dullness of the market. Of course
this view is conveniently ignored when
men are forbidden to use their tools
because there Is no demand for the
product of their energies, and only
dlscanted upon when they have dropped tools consequent upon the conditions under which they have worked
reaching the unbearable state.
It is indeed a noteworthy fact that
the amOunt of the payroll ls not so
prominently commented upon by our
local contemporary -as heretofore. The
big money earned by the discontented (!) miners if no longer a theme
for discussion, nor do we read of any
sympathy being extended to the housewife compelled to study how to
stretch $45 so that It may provide the
fuel and foodstuffs, purchase clothing
and pay rent for a family of six.
No more homelles on thrift and industry. Probably the reason therefor
it that it has percolated the brain of
these apologists for the master class
class that "it is not a theory but a
fact" that Is involved today.
These self-same supporters of the
present chaotic state of affairs feel
quite hurt If you   suggest   that they
only look through the telescope when
the scene projected on the.lens suits
their purpose, probably replying, "How
can you expect any firm or corporation to keep men employed when they
cannot dispose of their wares?" Nobody who understands the working of
capitalism's planless methods(?)-ex>p-
pects any firm to work for the sole ,
purpose of giving work, but if these
benighted individuals would put forth
a good argument as to their reason
for supporting the continuance of the
existing regime one might understand
their attitude when the -fault Is plainly attributable to the anarchic way in
which society's administration is carried on by the "great intellects."
These self-same apologists will
bravely contend that the workingmen
are incapable of successfully operating any industry, totally oblivious to
the fact that it is workingmen and the
workingmen alone who do both the ex-
ecutive and' the administrative work.
The superintendent or manager is a
worker, but he is paid more for his
services, not so much .because of his'
expert knowledge of things mechanical, but because of his ability to
squeeze the maximum of profit out of
the lesser paid slaves.
To come down to what is common
knowledge, a treatise on "How to support a family on $45'f would be edifying, and a prize should be offered for
the best essay, open to all comers,
preference being given to the "thrift"
theorists.
Statements have been made that one
of the reasons why so many men are
employed at the mines when there Is
Insufficient work, rather than employ
a lesser number, whereby those at
work would receive a few more dollars
In the pay envelope, ls not because of
sympathy for those who would not
have even the proverbial half loaf, but
on account bf the meager earnings being inadequate to meet common requirements, regardless of any margin,
that the men will be more submissive
when the time, now approaching, arrives to sign up a new agreement.
This is a most excellent scheme for
the companies, but Is akin to 'he boy
in the fable who threw stones at the
frogs, it may amuse the boy, but is
not apreciated by the frogs. There's
this difference, however,»the working,
class may not always remain in the
"frog" state.
A few weeks' rest from Business at
GlacierParkortheCoasf
win give you a new laaee of life, or to those whose time ia limited, take quickest route east or west, vt«t the Groat Northern
Railway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Saattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
Yau will enjoy all the comfort of most modern railroad
ment.   Courteous and efficient employes will make
pleasant.
Before purchasing steams hip tickets, let us talk
For further Information apply to
J. A. MANN, AQENT
P. O. Box 461      FERNIE, B.C.     Phone No, 161
HomedanK"Canada
I t*njoymi smir sermon tills morti,,
ing very much," said ,xlnr; Twain lo
bl* nrqualntsM'v "I <«i Ivoroed ll HUc
un old friend, I have, you know a
honl. ut home containing every word
of It."
"Von hive not," *sld th* prefer
"I hav*, Indeed," «ald humorist.
ihe *ll«hle»t cxcKnietit among th*
atald people of the east, and where
thev io In lit have shown the vUltlng
alderman real commercial oil, and
Htm him borne In a more sane frame
or mind than that exhibited when he
sinrled out.
Athabasca Oils. T,M„  «*««   boomed
In Vancouver on the statement tbat
to have been struck without causing 0,,|„g « i,«w «„d Important natural re
source aro appreviable,
Most of the companies are organised
on holdings where there Is no possibility or striking oil. even If It should
exist in other portions of the field.
Indications In the Province of Al-
be iin are favorable for the development, of oil deposits Uv the lutwre, but
It ll well tbat Investors nhmiM nn-
Head Off let and Nino Branches In Toronto
BRANCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
There are many hundreds of substantial savings eeeounts with
tht Homt Bank that wtrt ttarttd years ago with a dtpotlt of
ont dollar. Your dollar la always wtlcomt. Pull compound
Inttrett paid
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTOAIA AVI,, -l- .,. FIRNll   b. 0.
I
ew
Imperial Bank of Canada
HMD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Ptid Up. .17,000,000      Busro fund ... .|7,000,000
O. A. WILKIi, FresldtrH HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlw#rte.
■RANCHES to  BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arretted, Cranbrook, Ftrolt, Oeldtn, Kamloept, Mlchtl, Nelson,..
Rtvsltttkt, Vanetuver and VHterlv
•AVINOB DEPARTMENT
lattrttt allowtd on Haptnlxn ek n*rm*t rate from datt of deposit.
fBRNIH BRANCH A, Ji OWSH KiWgtr
tt n-!it-r;Hlni; iukJi-j j.Vc .vjJi.vv. »-l iSitm-,
ntghtm-t Cralf, bad Invested heavily In
Quality — Incomparable
Prices—Lowest for Cash
.», tr*.*..*,, V, *a,f,*ti, «ao{demand plainly tbe conditions at they)
mimat, *uu! im prepared lor the*losses!
thty aro bound to make,  Those with j
Well, tem tout book to me. td Uk*"''» «•»• eonipany*. • statement which, mp] patNncv, floancitl «ii*ii»ih and *»>•
Ing qualities are those most likely
to reap any rewards to he derived
irom a-ucceesinl exploitation.
At present an economic oil field In
Alberta Is no more demonstrated than
Is the future mining value of a prospect, and tbls fact should lie impressed
on ttl Interested In the present boom.
ft U common pruttkc .trnong prnmot i
to see it."
"Vou slmll." Mark Twain repMed.
*u* u« ftwiu iii* mt*i morning an un'
abridged dictionary to the minister,
Very piously both the Kaiser snd
t"*.ir Invoke the blessings of the Al-
miality om their slaughter. What lm-
imdenee? Whnt fi>M»saf bfuwliemv'
ito tbe tlm* of writing, was untrue.
f This is n fair sample of the manner In
- . ;. w»v v.. iMU'tv *m *nt»»n ptay-Mt ity
untrrupulona persons.
1 The newspaper* have beon full of
laudations of W. 8, Herron, of Calgary,
as ihe pioneer of oil In Alberta, forgetting the late 3. Mnebam and bis
promotion of the ftorlty tfoimtsifti Ott
and
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAl INSTALLED
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
M. K. Davidson
1   Clvtll-Mflon  has  advsneed  m»rVe»-
fifty.   Ottre it wn* heathendom that
'engaged In warfare: now Christendom
I *'nh
fUJIIliLSLJl
Development   Company,   which (trs to publish tho boosting o,,mionv'
tht* flrtt >.-, j,p)il.i..,: cuiuuuu'CUli-uf -di'llUr*.   There ix no business   tn
Sole Proprietor
oil in .Kllm'U.   When   the   company
*tr»i'k oil In iii well on CHI Creek
a aeelt becomes nn armed camp. (ib*«» was innt as much egeltement nt
thnt whlrh followed the went strike
»♦ Ifct- intngmas well,   ttt Is qptekly
f.-M-ff imt «Mt! forsuttdu.   ft\ UwUwi
^^ _^   ,ha( Mr, Herron   ia credited   by  tkt
^"T»tV%^*^'u$JirVeu??#! <"-'- v ^r pre.,   with hav»n« moil*
MffoMCm
which tbere are so many fakers und
lmimt*ter* aa among oil driller* and
gleaned "off experts." Alberta Is as
full of them nt the woods are full of
trees. Vn statements given out hjf
IU» be«a->»k»f» ■»-» twmtmg tram nucti
mm *msd then at once *• rank
frauds,   There nr* some good geoto-
LODOft YOUR
Will* TM« Deodt, Mortgtgw, laamaet Polldet
or other vttoiblet in ont of thai* bout
—_ *n
.-.-../,. f-OKP-MUHMl nfFOKMATlOff AFRTTO
P. B. Fowlor, Manager        Fornlo Branch
4, "'im jh'-mtf,.*
*t*mr*tmfi*m>imi
__       *&<■%■&>Art? <*'-.' ^K7*,\r't.-i'i
Rey
THE PL3TBICT LEDQEB, FEBWE, B. 0, AtJOUST .29, 1914
I
no Ids' on the
War and Cause
Correspondence   That   Preceded
Outbreak of War
the
A full record of the diplomatic pourparlers between this country and Germany preceding the outbreak of hostilities haa been published1 as a White
Paper'
Active participation on the part of
this country may be said to have
started on July 26, when our ambassadors were instructed to ascertain
whether the European powers concerned would agree to a conference in
London for the purpose of discovering
a way of avoiding complications in
the Atfstro-Servian struggle. The German chancellor replied that a conference would "practically amount to a
court of arbitration," and though assured that the suggestion had nothing
to do with arbitration but merely
meant discussion between representatives of the four nations to avoid "a
dangerous situation," he maintained
that it was not practicable. He said
Austria was only, partially mobilising,
and that if Russia mobilized' against
Germany the latter would follow suit.
On the following day the German
chancellor Informed Sir E. Gosehen
that a "war between the great powers
must be avoided." But tbe impression
obtaining ln (Berlin seemed to be that
a general war was most unlikely, as
Russia neither wanted' nor was in> a
position to make war. Tlie whole matter of choice of methods by which mediation might he put Into operation
was' placed in Germany's hands, "if
only Germany," to quote Sir Edward
Grey's telegram of July 29 to Sir E.
Gogchen, "would 'press the button' Jn
the Interests of peace;"
European Conflagration
Following that generous surrender
to Germany's lead   came  a   telegram
from Sir E. Gosehen In these terms:
conflict which the present crisis might
possibly produce would enable him to
look forward to realization of his. desire. In reply to his excellency's' appeal to you, I said that I did not think
■It probable that at this stage of events
you would care to bind yourself to any
course of action and that I was. of
opinion that you would desire to retain full liberty.
•Berlin, July 29, 1914.
I was asked to call upon the chancellor tonight. His excellency had just
returned from Potsdam. He said tbat
should Austria be attacked by Russia
an European conflagration might be
feared, become Inevitable, owing to
Germany's obligations as Austria's
ally, in spite of his continued efforts
to maintain peace. He then proceeded
to make the following strong bid for
British neutrality.    He Bald that    It
"Tva¥"5Iearr8o far as luTwaa able to
judge, the main principle which governed British diplomacy, that Great
Britain would never stand hy and allow France to be crushed In any conflict there might be.
That, however, was not the object
at which Germany, aimed. .Provldeff
that neutrality of Great Britain were
certain, every assurance would be
given to the British Government that
the Imperial Government aimed, at no
territorial acquisitions at the expense
of France, should they prove victorious In any war that might ensue. 1
questioned hia excellency about the
French colonies, and he said that ho
was unable to give a similar undertaking la that respect Aa regards
Holland', however, his excellency said
that, so long as Germany's ad-versarieo
respected the Integrity and neutrality
of the Netherlands. Germany was
ready to give his majesty's Government nn assurance that she would do
likewise, It depended upon the action
of Franco what operations Germany
might be forced to enter upon In Belgium., but when the war was over, Belgian Integrity would be respected if
sho linil not tided against Germany.
His excellency ended by saying that
ever since he had been chancellor the
object of his policy had been, as you
were aware, to bring about an understanding with England; he trusted
that these assurance might form the
basis of that understanding which he
so much desired. Ue had In mind n
aeiierai neutrality agreement between
England and Germany, though It waa,
of course, at the present moment too
early to discuss details, and an assurance of British   neutrality   In   the
An Impossible Bargain
Sir Edward Grey's reply to this bid
for British neutrality was decisive. He
telegraphed .Sir E. Gosehen as -follows:
Foreign Office July 30, 1914.
His .Majesty's Government cannot
for a moment entertain the chancellor's proposal that they should' bind'
themselves to neutrality on such
terms. What he asks us in effect is
to engage to stand By while French
colonies are taken and France is
beaten, so long as Germany does not
take French territory as distinct from
the colonies. From the material point
of view such a proposal is unacceptable, for iFrance, without further territory in Europe being taken from her,
could be so crushed as to lose her position as a great power, and become
subordinate to German policy.
Altogether aipart from that, it would
he a disgrace for us to make this bargain with Germany at the expense of
France,  8 disgrace from  which  the
good name of this country would never
recover.    The chancellor also in effect asks us to bargain away whatever
obligation or interest we have as regards the neutrality of Belgium.   We
could not entertain that bargain either.
Having said so much, lt is unnecessary
to examine whether the prospect of a
future general neutrality   agreement
between England and Germany offered
positive advantages sufficient to compensate uff for .tying our hands now.
We must preserve our full freedom   to
act as circumstance may seem to us
to require in any-such unfavorable and
regrettable devalopment of the present
crisis as tbe chancellor contemplates.
You should speak to the chancellor
in the above sense,   and   add.   most
earnestly that the one way of maintaining the   good   relations   .between
England and  Germany is that. they
should continue to work together   to
preserve the peace of Europe; if we
succeed In this oblect. the niuiual_re»-
and said if Germany would put forward any proposals which showed
that she and Austria were striving for
peace, -Britain would support it at
Paris; and St. Petersburg, and go the
length of saying that, if Russia and
France did not accpt it, Britsin would
have nothing more to do with the consequences.
PAGE THEEE
German War Plan
On the same day Sir E. Gosehen telegraphed to Sir E. Grey that the German Government stated that the whole
of "the Russian army and navy were
being mobilized-, and that Germany
was about to declare a state "of war.
Then came the invasion of Luxemburg
and Belgium, and the declaration of
war on the latter country because she
refused to let her country be violated.
Finally came the British ultimatum
ou behalf Belgian neutrality.—Reynolds' Newspaper.
BRITISH   AND  GERMAN   FLEETS
The
Guns and the Men Who Stand
Behind Them
When Great Britain Is at war she is
at war with her enemy all the globe—a
fact from which, before we are many
weeks older,,some surprises may arise.
For the time being, however, the
North Sea is the theatre to which the
eyes of the world will be directed.
Here are concentrated the whole of
the very best ships of Britain and
Germany. In armored ships the balance between the two nations Is
ns
Germany
12
latlons of Germany and England will,
I believe, be ipso facto improved and
strengthened. For that object his
Majesty's Government will work In
that way with all sincerity and good
will.
And I will say this: If the peat-e of
Europe can be preserved, and the present crisis passed, my own endeavor
will be to promote some arrangement
to which Germany could be a purty.
by which she could be as.sured that no
aggressive or hostile policy would be
pursued against her or her allies by
France, Russia, and ourselves, jointly
or separately. I have desired this and
worked for It, as far as I could,
through the laat Balkan crisis, and,
Germany having a corresponding ob-
Jed, our relations sensibly Improved.
The idea bas hitherto been too Utopian to form the subject of definite
proposals, but if this present crisis, so
much more acute than any that Eu-
ropo has gone through for generations,
be safely passed, I am hopeful thut
tbe relief and reaction which will
follow may make possible some more
definite rapprochement between the
powers than has been possible hitherto.
Sir Edward Grey realised that mistrust underlay conversations between
the great powers, and to remove It he
suggested that Germany might sound
Vienna, and he would sound St. Petersburg as to whether It would not be
possible for the four disinterested
powers to offer to Insure that AtmtWn
should obtain full satisfaction of her
demands on Servia, provided that they
did. not Impair Servian sovereignty
and territory. Tbe British ambassador In Berlin pnt forward   thia view.
Britain
Orendnaught  battleships. .19
Dreadn't battle cruisers... 4 3
follows:
Pre-Dreadn't  battleship.. .25 S
"Pre-Dreadn't armored cruis
ers ...15 ■'* 4
To Britain must now be added the
two Dreadnaughts which were being
built for Turkey, and the two destroyer-leaders, which are equivalent to
battle cruisers, which were under order for Chili, One of the vessels1 is
the largest warship afloat, and has finished her trials. The others are all
well forward. The vessels are all
worthy to be placed beside our own
Dreadnaughts, and the Government's
action in takin'g the mover was not
surprising. It is one of the understood
conditions under which warships are
built in this country that in the event
of war the British Government shall
have the option of purchase. They
make a very great difference to the
balance of power—or will make .when
they are ready for action.
■Th-e&omejfleeta hayp _j*iftiv__h&-en.
Failure Prophesied Two Years Ago by
Hilaire Belloc
(Mr. Hilaire Belloc, more than two
years ago, in the London 'Magazine,
published an article which, in the
light of the events of today, must be
regarded as an astonishingly accurate
forecast of the early stages of the
war.
(Mr. ©elloc predicted! that the German forces would, with the utmost rapidity, form a circuit round tbe great
twenty-mile ring of forts which surround Leige, and attempt to capture
the fortress, and their supreme effort
would -be to do this long before any
French or English troops could be got
upon the scene. He examined the
prospect of a siege of Leige, and pointed out that since the lesson of Port
Arthur it was unreasonable to consider the capture and occupation of
one of the great modern ring-fortresses' as a matter of a few hours, or
even a few days. He proceeded to indicate the nature of the defenses:
"The works round Liege consist ot
twelve Isolated forts, forming the
most perfect of the most formidable
ring of defenses in Europe or in the
world. Tlifi ideal ring-fortress would
be a town capable of ample provisioning and lying within an exact circle of
heights at an average of some 8,000
yards distance, each height some
4,000 yards from the next, each crowned with a self-contained closed work,
and each such work within support of
at least two others. No such absolutely exact conditions exist, of course,
in reality,, but skill and the relief of
the soil combined1, have endowed Liege
with a ring of forts very nearly com- olds' Newspaper.
bining these conditions. The circle,
though not exact, is more nearly exact than in the ease of any other
ring-fortress. Its largest diameter is
not 20 per cent in excess of its shortest. Tbe greatest distance between
any two forts is about 7,000 yards, the
average less than 4,000. Each work is
easily supported by two others, and
often by three, and in one case by,
four."
Role for British Force
After closely examining all the conditions, 'Mr. Belloc went on to say that
the conclusion, forced upon him was
that Leige, with any adequate provision of gunners and supplies, would
stand a siege more thorough and prolonged than any of the other great
ring-fortresses of Europe; and- calculations based on "rushing" of Its defenses would spell defeat.
Assuming, therefore, that the regular siege which we now see in progress
would he necessary, Mr. Belloc considered what influence the advance of
French or British troops in aid of
the Liege or Namur defenses would
have in defeating the German plan.
He said:
"It ls impossible for an army to
fight upon two fronts—ut any rate,
not for long; hence, before any great
siege can be undertaken, the besieging army must have security from attack from outside its cjrcle. For this
purpose the besiegers must have a
covering army commensurate with the
relieving forces which it would have
to face. It was precisely here that
the advantage of a British contingent
was  evident  to  the  French."—Reyn-
the floor of the room. On the round j
table before a sofa stood a lamp,
brightly illuminating the room. Opposite the windows was a piano. Into
the night were wafted the tones of
Franz Schubert's opus 142, No. 2.
The interlude was being played too
fast, too passionately; it rang out as
In fear and restlessness. Soon the last
chords of the charming little
rolted out and died away.
'From the far distance songs were
audible. Now ihey were more distinct, r.ow more veiled. It was the
soldiers marching towards the frontier, where the war had recently
broken out.
Now the tones
clearly:
piece
OF
Suffered Terribly for 15 Years Until fft
Tried "Fruit-a-tives"
were borne to her
The finest death in all tho world
Is his who's slain by foes
In battle free, on fields of green—
No murmur should he make.
In choking beds 'tis one alone
Who's asked to the dance by Death.
But here—here there is company—
They fall like leaves from trees.
She barkened breathlessly. Her
mouth oponed a little; her eyes dilated. An expression of fear and care
came over that lovely face.
Many and many a hero brave
Who has fallen on fields of green,
With drums and fifes was led to his
grave—
Immortal shall be his fame.
Once more rang out to her distinctly. With low-bowed head, her eyes
closed, she had listened to the last,
tones. Slowly she went to the piano.
The finest death in all the world
Is his who's slain by foes.   .   .  ■'-.'
Loss of Life in
Colorado Strike
completely mobilized. The first fleet,
always with full complements, was
ready; the second fleet was soon in
line by taking on board the small pro-
tlon of the immediate reserve required, and the third fleet has been
mobilized by drafting into the ships
men of the several l classes of the
fleet reserve, royal naval reserve, and
volunteer reserve. Every effective
vessel ls at sea, or ready for sea, and
there are nine squadrons of Dread-
naughts and pre-Dreadnaughts, besides the cruiser squadrons and flotillas and auxiliaries attached.
It is a formidable force, as. Indeed,
need be, seeing how much depends ou
it. And yet numbers, useful as they
areas a test, do not prove everything,
Many of the greatest naval victories
in our history were fought when we
were in a position of numerical Infe-
Colorado is known today as the
Scarlet La-'ter ister of tales."
She bows her head in shame
to the mourning survivors of the
thirty-four men women and liu'e
children whom she has allowed to
be murdered and cremated through
the complete domination of her executive, legislative, judicial and military
arms by the large corporate interests.
For wanton disregard and criminal
negligence of life, the Colorado coal
operators have long been known.
Gerald Llppiatt, union organizer,
was the first to pay the death penalty
for fighting corporate greed In Colorado. jHe was murdered by George
iBeloher, a notorious Baldwin-Feltz
thug, on the streets of Trinidad, August   16, 1918.
When, on September 23, 1913,
11,232 of their employes struck to obtain their political freedom* by the enforcement of then existing laws, the
operator's laid aside tlieir former excuse that the murder of their men In
the mines was "accidental" and tret
about to wilfully exterminate the
strikers nnd their families.     •
.More than one thousand gunmen,
dregs of the large cities, "men" who
earn their living at $3 to %1 o day
shooting down   the   workera,   were
low to administer aid to tbe injured
and take care of the dead were driven
back by the gunmen-militia with explosive bullets.
.Wednesday revealed the real horrors of this war of tbe operators by
machine guns and high-power rifles
against the union miners who are
striking to secure an enforcement of
Colorado laws.
__In_^ine^aj.^^lie^!Black_iHole_-ofX
LOST!
By Oetlev Von Ullencron, Translated
From the German for the  Sunday
w  (N. Y.) Call by William Randorf.
rlorlty. Tho question of gunnery Is i brought into the State. Among tihese
one of the very highest Importance, j were many of the BaldWin-Felti de-
and here, without any vainglorious j tettives who had manned the "Bull
boasting, and tt Is to the British blue-1.Moose Special" in West Virginia and
jacket's credit that he does not go: shot down roeii mid women ami babea
tn for that—the men behind the guns i at their mothers' breasts,
may feel assured of their superiority.; A. .0. Feltz, Colorado head of these
Thero are no published comparative! thugs, began nt once the construction
figures to go upon, but the accuracy of an armored automobile In the
of shooting In the British navy Is I shops of the Oolorado Fuel and Iron
nmlly quite remarkable, nnd even tho ! Company.
Uerman gunners have dften been' Fitted with a machine gun and man-
ready to confess that they have not' ncd by five Imported murderers, this
nearly reached our standard. j "Death Special" was   driven   at   top
The secret—It Is not, aa a matter ofj tpeed through the tent colonies, shoot-
fact, a secret at   aii—is   this:     In j lug among thc women and children.
Uermany the conscript sailor serve for'    Matt Powell whs killed flrtober fl.
three years, and including the voinri-j I&1!», when thn gunmen ii'tncked   tho
teers (about 25 per cent of the whole) i Ludlow tent colony,
the average is only about four years. |    One of the most dastardly attacks J
In tho British navy, on tbe other hand, | made by these  thugs   was   that  at J
the average length Is about len yeara.! Vorbon, October 17. IMS.    The ma- j
Most of tbe sailors go in as lada, and!chine gun was trained on the tent col-
live all the most active years of their,<>'»»•«   When the smoke cleared away,
lives on the sea.   It cannot be sur*! I«wh« Verhonlk waa d«ad and a boy I
Ludlow," were found the charred and
distored bodies of eleven little children and two women. Frank Snyder,
11 years old, who had run from another retreat to get a drink of water for
his sick mother, was found dead, shot
through the head by tho gunnien-
milltla.
• The operators' thug's and tho mllltln.
driven mad by their lust for the blood
of the strikers, then began a systematic campaign to completely exterl-
mate them.
Sh& played and sang the beautiful
old song. When she had-*'finished,' her
right hand remained long on the keys.
How often had he sung it for her with
his clear, tranquil voice. She had accompanied h!ni. .With enthusiasm he
had then spoken of the songs of the
people and of the soldiers. How the
soldiers composed their melodies
themselves, beginning by altering
slightly old popular and church melodies. How the underlying movements in almost all their songs were
soft and solemn; how through them
all rings, often unconsciously, the
longing for home.
A moth flitted around the lights.
She rose and went over to the window.
She laid her left hand against the wall
O. A. WHITE, E»a.
21 Wallace Ave., Toronto,
Dec. 22ud. 1913.
"Having been a great sufferer from
Asthma for a period of fifteen years
(sometimes having to sit up st night
for weeks at a lime) 1 began the use
of "Fruit-a-tives".   These wonderful
tablets relieved me of Indigestion, and
through the continued use of same, I
am no longer  distressed with  that
terrible disease,  Asthma,  thanks to -
"Fruit-a-tives" which are vorth their
weight in gold to anyone suffering ss
I did.   I would heartily recommend
them to ell sufferers from Asthma,
which I believe is caused or aggravated
by Indigestion". D. A. WHITB
For Asthma, for Hay Fever, for any
trouble caused by excessive nervousness
due to Impure Blood, faulty Digestion
or Constipation, take   'Fruit-a-tives"
50c, a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size, 25c.
At all dealers or from Fruit-a-tives
Limited. Ottawa.
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
The first battlo had beon fought.
The conqueror lay encamped on th*
field of hattie. Smoke from numerous
camp-fires ascended to tho soreiif sky
of*a -spring night, In the distance,
whero the outposts and patrols wero
stationed, fell a few scatterer shot*.
Somewhat apart from the battlefield
there w:ih a grovo, Immersed In moonlight. In the «enter of this little
wood stood a bungalow, resembling a
hunting scat. A Iiitr.' lawn hemmed
in by two itrnvcl paths stretched out
In, front of tin' hotisi*. At the other
end of the ojien ppnee, fronting th«>
facade of the building, seemingly Just
•tnpp-flrt   out   (/   ">«1   g'-'.i'iS-,   KtOOd U.t.
Diana of Versanti** on a broad socle of
standalone.
Thn fierce struggle had taken place
here. Uoors and windows w»*r« sliat.
t-freii; on the wall* -v.. re vls'lma of
bullet*. Fallen gronndlcr*. with *r*
presslons of patii ami wrath still on
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us onee
and rested her forehead in its palm.
Out of her large gray eyes welled the
tears, uncontrollably.
Now and then a breath of wind
rustled in the boughs, wailing, yet Indifferent—rustling the eternal chant
of Renunciation—of Death.
" lt is just as well to postpone
teaching of  European geography
a few months.
the
for
JOHN P0DB1ELANCIK. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft you- bill any item of lumber not
found just as wo represented.- There
f Is no hocus pocus io
This Lumber Business
When you c«nt spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't alip Ip a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those wbo
bave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if tbey bought tbelr lumber
here,
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles.   Sash   and
Ooora,    SPECIALTIES—MouldlnflB,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE ANO YARD—MePheraen ave.
Opposite O. N. Ospot   P.O. tea «,
Phone 23.
prising that the mere comparer of fig
urea of ships la likely -to leave out
one of the most Important factors—tbe
training of the men behind the ftuns.
thflr fares, bad dyed tho grass with
hss' lieen shot In the leg nine times.    j thtdr blood.   Onn of thom was li-anlnn
On Orteher it, lt»U, operator*" gun-; against the socle of Ut** Ulans.     His
men,   with   their  high-power ■ rifles.; nwk wa* btmt backward*;    his half-
mailo on  April  20,  lull.  when  twoioiwn nyi-s lookwl Into h<4r»    Th* nt*-
Steam Heaied Throughout
ElettfK Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rate* |2.50 per day Fir* Proof Sample
With Private Bath f&OO Rooms in Connection
w Ty "™"^ss^^^^^^im^^^w
A Wise
While of no use aa fighting veeaela, j «»»!»«*•«   of the operators' gtimen. jelent Italian goddess   had shown the
the armed merchantmen are likely toi **• *"* meteor been enlisted
pity an Important pert In naval •tr*MllM» <*•*»<• N«toMl umm,
ety. It is known that the Ooreraneat J »"** '** «*»"»■<» ,lf ***"
has a right to take over tbe whole of ,,MMOfV?* w*f*n«fl* « *-
the Ctiard line, tf necessary, and | «,"rf*,!' «W«*«™<»ly •«»«*«>
there are arrangements elsewhere- In j' 'l""* imi eo'0,lt'
this autter. speed l* tte great factor.!    ""*'»""* «""* tod ,Wftt l'la'rtl
lnt> I Herman   warrior*  the  road U, Wul
and i halls.
»'«'    Near   th*1   drstroKd   dour.  .1  t* * ,
Un- j paces Sri front of his eoilder*. a yo<in«
officer   lay   prostrate.   Ills t»l»iu*ln*d
I face wa* Inclined to one side.   Prom
*a i'juil«rnei»th th*- li*lnt-*t n tbh-k black
th"
m
nnd only veasela of more thaw tarmotv I Jwltlos'twa daya before.  r*ln« thei i«pnrl wwtro*»d *-*-*«•*«*--« M* im*w^»'
f knots are likely to be seed.   The fol-M'11* •*«>«-* koee, tke gunmen awept lejraa.   Ilia rlahr bnrd still, a* in tif*.
Judge.
Ions
A ludgt ^ffl t» lnflu«nc«d mors lo hit dtcs*
by out talknt fact than by twins of theory.
ton ins   iwbte   snowe   onr   relative
Advsrtmrs wtll do well to unwmber tint tht
womon of Canada aft tbdr jodns, aad as tbt
buyers fer tht family It rests with thwn to nuke
tho purchasing decisions. Liks ths judus on tht
btnch, thay wsnt facts. One fsct Is worth mors
than many fsnarslitlss, Tht sdvartim thst gets
down to basic prlndptt* and givss some teal prico
and quaUty ntws, shout ovtn om article, frtcom*
plishe* something. Uakt your advertising inter-
ssting. Tell people something they wsnt to know.
They wlUrttd your advertisements tJl right, and
prim to you that rsal advertising pays.
chant reetela nto wmernm
S3
*e*t
knots
Great Britain :«
Franco ...
Belgium .
Oerwany .
Holland .,
Aum-Hun
Italy	
'*i ♦•
knots
rt
«
i
1
3
1
•»T1**»
above
IS
3
&
&
,«e wti.i cumjw* Uimii. *uo wentm *t*'t j clasped His aword.   His left lay on his
atrengtb In thia reapect, ao faifa* mtr j*lli'dr,,n" irom OD* M<> lo ,h* mh"r" (heart. Only a ainth* drop of blood had *
.»..•.-.. -*,^.«.. .—.        - '   1 *■•*»« Ttk**, !ff*i*r of tlie Gs%*3-. i*t;ai«d Irum th* -»a<m4 onto hia band.)
strikers*, and Jamea Fyler «vorc   <!*• and It sparkled in the starlight aa iff
Ul'i'Mlily murdered while pri*««i*i»t tdUt bad fe-wi * rnt»v In tbt* llntr rlr.-
tnea* K«inR*a-niiitMi.   Cnartea 1*0.1!*, • or gold that earIrrted his third finger. ?
Prank   Hublno   and  John   nartoloti.;    Peace of spring    mtento, aa   that.
4        —        —
ships
it
IS
II
*
<
<
t
st liken were killed.
of a graveyard, reigned.    Only now
■I'Jmm-,t
A--Xf7"
the Mstrfst Letter rsstftss mn rsstfsnthsn say sthsr-ssssr lathe Pass.
Of the merchantmen already armed
mor* than flfty User* entry two t;
mm mm wtoro, Tm nas .re mnn-
md by aavsl reserve »e», sat tbmtb
It la aaaaatet that thty ttmtt miy
be need to nre oe a patnmtn* h*mg*r
m, m thslf POttWte use as a sen ef
prfrstsermiwt not be overlooked-
ReysoM-*' Neweeeper.
That nl«ht the lent colony was set • and tben a breath of wind matted In
™? WALDORF
Mrs. S, Jennings, Prop. L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine     American and
European Plan — F>ctrtr UgM
Hot & Cold Water  Sample Rooms
Phones  Special Rates by the month
ffSf^JfMUt tUdt £mu* KitVtl
50S, Ms wptWNb
afire   with   oll-eoaked
burned to the ground.
RM Pm** nnr**?» mho
torches   and
'litiix to Lad-
DR,DeVmFlBKHPtUSk"&
an^mrtaatrtetft^^hta tn>*tii*Tm^
,, ^ ,'*tT7Jwp
rtreeau
*BflMttL
ttmtt,   fg,.	
TM»Mr; ttt Watte aw* Sie-tat tatmaa* •wm
l^'lt tLi - ^ '** "SL^ "|J**'—
a^n ^w^v**-^*     w ^"^ ^^t^*^^mmi^ a^^w^^w mm^wit ■** ^ -n^^w.****^p** •wm^-t^mm
fmuVU.
Stesotftirs Dr»f tterv. Panda, t. C,
j tke bougba, vailing, yet indifferent—
j rattling the eternal chant ef Death—
,tt( IX* iiittt* iaxi-ntt
The aaa* sprint n)«M had d#-
*r*nd*Ml atao on tw>id and torptt, town
sat reentry, in tk« north of oar
fitherhed ta '?tw Uv.x* hamlet all
had already umtbi t**t.   In lb* t«rft»,
! palatial house of th# Jadae, too.
everything eeemed to be still. The
wit** e-etteMt* o*kmO tb* wxndowa
••fits**. Only the t«s vtndowa of
the gtosatf floor fa'-lns the garden!
A IV r*,** carftt covered! j
Bellevue Hotel
COMMIRCIAL   HOUSI
U*»te-0*te — testy   tooatnttotn.. ■»
Wwettttmt ttnttttnn.
SUtTAttt PON LAOftt AHD OtNTLIMtN
4* A* OALLAM, Fr*»
Mixcvua, AtUL
111
. *4j|i mmmm
* ?^>""^.' ■
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
^ M&ivizt £&$zr
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Feruie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of hook, job and
-olor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
PATRIOTISM  AND  POVERTY
Patriotic sujrjrt'stioiis arc us thick as bees at
Kwaniiin-u: time.
Those wim arc so anxious alutui maintaining tlie
inu.'urilv oi' the Knipiiv should study the why and
vhei-cfore of an article appearing the Sun, Vaneou-
vver. August 21st. headed:
•WIVKS AND CHIhDRKX  ARK TO BK
CARKD FOR"
'"One instance is particularly pitiful, undei' the
circumstances. It is a woman with a 3-weeks-old
lialu1. Her husliand i.s a reservist and hns gone enst."
Here is the case of a man who lias already served
his ' .') country and endeavored "'to protect tlie
integrity of the Kmpire," unable to protect the
members of his own household, but leaves thein
to the render mercies of otliers in respone to the
stern call of duty. As a reward for his previous
efforts, the ''home" he was told he was fighting
for i.s sadly demoralized. 'But remember. "Socialism would break up the home." "'Destroy the sanctity of the fireside.'M That will do for one case.
Now. here's the other, culled from the same daily:
"Another of the extireme cases brought to the
board\s\ittention yesterday was of a reservist who
had to leave a wife and three children, the youngest but fl months old. The woman was left with
only$r>.00."
•lust think of it. you ultra patriots, a mau who
has "upheld the dignity of the flag" is forced to
nhnmlim those dependent upon him and only $5.00
is the paltry sum lie has lo show as his portion for
1nrviTTg^'profe(rternus"
istry. mechanics and economics. Who shall sajr
that there is not today among the German people,
Socialists included, a firm belief that the success
of their arms is positively necessary for the future
welfare of civilization?
Had but two million Socialists in Germany,
France ur England been able to make a united
and determined protest against thc present war, we
do not hesitate to say that there would be no conflict raging today. The argument that the Socialists in Germany are in the minority and , consequently could do nothing against, the majority, is
both puerile and illogical. The minority has always had to fight the majority. Socialists, when
they attempt to excuse or explain the action of
comrades in other countries are attempting something that they cannot logically accomplish.
Socialists in Germany do not require the assistance of these apologists, and if the war, after some
four or five months, should be productive of internal disruption, we may expect to see our comrades in Germany take the same stand as the Communists took in France forty years ago. If, on the
other hand, the German forces are successful in
driving back the French and Knglish on one side
and the Russians on the other, who shall say that
the Socialist element in Germany may not regard
this as positively necessary for the welfare of civilization, for Germany recognizes that socially she
is much further advanced than either of theso countries, and it is reasonable to assume she would regard her victory its being in the best interests of
humanity, incongruous as .this may appear to botli
Socialists and anti-Socialists in Eugland, France
and Russia?
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
BELLEVUE   NOTES    ■      ♦
n_ToTnrffyT^"Tirrw')feTn*n"
children are to be provided for. Still, how niitny
other wives and children (whose husbands nnd
fathers are not physically fit to be accepted as
food for powder because of debilitation caused by
their employment, in industrial pursuits and have
only .4.5.00 iietween them and starvation) are left
to struggle along as best they can? Some of those
who have volunteered to fight in this war for international, capitalism hug the delusion that they
an* fighting for their country; to these poor dupes
the instances above quoted should serve as object
lessons, There are many. too. who have the choice
offered of starving to death by slow degrees or
take up arms with a chance of being shot at some
future date. In the meantime they will obtain
rations and clothing whilst fighting fnr their meal
ticket. The members ol" the latter class should
ask themselves the question: Why i*i it thnt during
I In* beneficent and peaceful period prior to the
outbreak of war. was I so often 011 the ragged edge
uf the subsistence column?
Those who arc "from Missouri" should be convinced by the .showing* referred to that all the talk
about fighting for one's own country is the veriest,
bunkum, as the great muss has no country, ami, as
ill the ciiM-s referred to  1 by no menus excepiintiiil
ones) cash is a very limited quantity.
SOCIALISTS AND THE WAR
I'l..- attitude of K<i<-.(ilists in (tefiiumy Ss ci'ising
*.!««• people considerable lo** ul' t*\,*t p True, from
!hc very Hiffigre nud iiiisntisfiictoi, ••c|»ort< per-
milfoil t.t ifiil-i tlit'oiiuti front Itevlin ive <l.. not
know iwaetly what jitotci-it the Stniiilist-* ofthe
(tYi'iiiiiti Ktnpirc are making nr hav.* mui.!.' withivl'-
eretice t<» tile prestiii wnr. Mil! wit limit any npulogy
He wish lo state I'm' tlie benefit of tl|.i>e iiuli*, ><|uals
iiud may mention tlmt thim includes both Stic in I.
i*»U mnl lUifi-KiieniHstx! that tin* Umiimi Socialist is. in tpite <»f wlmi rimy be said to
tl..-    einiirsiry,   just    a    chiiiiiihii.   ordinary   hn
,UUI*    tu-iliV,    |»"*s« S"*Hltf    tile    Willie    elUimeterintU**
postested hy other member* <»f the human family:
jllatt .1* sl<«. . ptihh- |n lit* envifolllllellt nnd tvMtillU'tl*
On another page we reproduce several articles
from Reynolds' "Weekly Newspaper, and although
these articles may be regarded by some as not in
accord with our attitude, we would point out that,
there are many readers ofthe Ledger who have
friends and relatives iu- the old laud and who still
feel a certain filial regard for tlieir native birthplace. There is another remarkable feature, too. in
connection with the attitude adopted by the Reynolds' Newspaper in this present war. Few are
likely to forget the unhesitating opposition of
Reynolds' to the Boer war. So hitter was their denunciation of the British Cabinet, generals and
forces thai the military authorities put the ban on
this publication, and any soldier found in possession
of a copy of the newspaper was liable to court-
martial, Having regard to this fact, we must certainly admit considerable surprise when, on scanning the front page, we notice a "prayer." written by Herbert Knufmann, the first line of which
reads. "God bless_our-.armies—tihjfLl)lRck_liig.hLL'.
and the laRt line, "And crush a despot as of yore."
rf it is possible for a newspaper, witli the (traditional record of democratic expression that Reynolds' has, and having.regard to their determined
opposition at all times to -war. to assume such an
attitude, surely avp can excuse onr Socialist comrades in Germany if with some four nations in
arms against them, they are carried away with a
sentimental patriotism ingendered by years of militarism and autocratic rule.
Lot Socialists, labor men and unti-SoeialistK temper tlieir criticism of the German Socialists with a
little regard for his present surroundings.   A*ft<?»*
the war there will be many excuses to make and
explanation'to hear, but for Ihe present we must
wait with a firm eonseiouness that our part here
is to take advantage of every opportunity and educate the worker to regard war as tin* vilest and
most retrogressive  act   that   mankind   wan  -ever
gitilly of.   A few years from hence war will he regarded by society in a very different light to what
we regard it today.   The "honor and glory" of
war will hold uo allurement for futuro generations:
the maiming and killing of men; the creating of
widowH and orphans; the destruction of homeR and
■rrups will aU he regarded as the acts of nifii devoid df every semblance of anility nnd civilization.
We shall not have preacher* of a gtmpel of peace
speiihiiig nf the lioiior of legalized  murder;   »w*
shall not hear them expressing the wish lhal ***i*>
t ntiutt may get n,g»iod drubbing.   (Tht** in Imt one
way oF expressing llu* hope lhat llie allied fores
uii! Muuui in iiiiu tiering jtujfjficii'iil in* 11 lo imi
the (Ici'iiiiiiiH to surrender.)   At priwni the wS'ole
< f Ktirupe is insane with a ilwur<' to kill- --U* «'• •
Mroy; but the ivekoiiing day iaii»t coine. mid y.ni-
Mr   Worker, will f«><»t the bill, nml wl.Un-r y.ei
work with ymir hands or your brain, it shall lie
ymir great and grand privilege '.n pay the eusl.
The  iti.'Otile nf tile Kaiser or Killg lieorge  in Iio*
I'l.ely to he affected by till* result, be it what it ilUI*'.
hit the very existence of flic worker will tc threat-
t ft'.t-d, imt ,-,*-,}*■ „«, ti»„. tuflttl-efh-d Mnl when tin- figli'
I shall he dmie    Thin fight for nn »*xi<ttti«'*-« job -
,  ..;,, ,V(.m  g<. Kit  iiiitii Mlvti i'tiiif Of. iW X*\m Mtl <i«V
. ,-itid  bfitr the  Iomh'ti  r*»fH«»' to  h>* ••xpI'Mtr-il  liv   I
us tin* French. Knifiuli or I(ii*»swii    There is a pre        . .   ,»   ,   . ....  ,-,•     ,   ,*        .,    .   '.
...      , 1 1      *V*1-cim imi .l.niu** *cniii|H't(ti.iH both an tm nidi's-
♦ ♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
(Continued from VttlSii* Five)
The Methodist quarterly official
boavd met In conference to discuss
ways and means for the ensuing year.
In the neighborhood of $1,200 will be
needed to bring the year to a successful close, and the board takes this opportunity, of asking the residents of
Bellevue and vicinity to rally round
them.
The choir Dy the addition of a few
good voices, is in pretty fair shape
and the music rendered of a high order.
Prank .football team were successful in reaching the next stage of the
Crahan cup by defeating Hillcrest,
4 to 1. The game was continued until
a late hour In a certain pool room.
Take your medilclue, boys, be U ever
so disagreeable.
Anotlier building Ib in course of
construction on this burg's front
street, and we are informed that lt
is another Chinese restaurant.
J. iR. McLeod, better known as
"Doc," lias returned and been successful in securing a job. No place like
Bellevue, eh, "Doc?"
-Miss Bradley has returned from her
summer vacation, to take up her
duties as teacher.
Jack Brooks is the possessor of
the shack formerly owned by Tony
SuniB, and has taken up his abode
there.
Mr. and 'Mrs. Watts Goodwin rejoice o\'er the return of their eldest
daughter, who has been enjoying a
nine months' visit with her grandparents in- Cape. Breton.
.Mr. G. Grafton, a British recruit,
has received his country call, and Immediately obeyed it.
The special meeting of the contract
miners convened, as advertised*, on
Sunday at 2:30 p. m., with the vice
president ln the chair. Owing to the
inclemency of the weather, , only
about fifty miners were present. The
object of the meeting .was to find
some solution of our present difficulty of getting check measurers to
accompany the engineers on tlieir
semi-monthly tour. After some, discussion, a committee of four was appointed to handle the situation.
Luther Goodwin, who had the misfortune to tall and put his knee out
while • playing basketball some weeks
ago at Frank, is on visit to Ws parents here. lie Is making some prog-
r«gs^o-r-eeo¥ery-and-has-discarded*J«i&
crutches.
Owing to the prominence given certain notices, we are almost persuaded
to believe there Is a financial stringency somewhere.
Alf Tristram, of football fame, who
has been employed here for some lime
as a teamster, has left us and gone
to work at Prank,
Owiiif to the Hillcrest mines being
Idle, the demand for Bellevue coal has
reached nearly the 3,000 ton per day
mark, which necessitates lots of work
for the tipple crew,
•Mrs. Callan and MIbs Brown have
gone out to the South Fork for a short
vacation.
Wllllnm Cole Is putting In a strenuous time on bin homestead at the
South Fork these days. Which of the
two places In the dullest, Hill.
Births
To .Mr. and Mrs. T, Lund, a daughter,
To Jlr. and Mrs. Green, of Maple
Leaf, a ton,
Tu il-r. mul /.Mm. FldiluJ, also of
Alupta Leaf, a daughter.
To .Mr. anil Mi*. Annum Yaskar, a
won.
From ihe following Is will lie observed that the population of this district U In a tlirlvliiK condition, and
It Is with pleasure that we record the
health)' nt«te of thin burg, as a whole,
We hare had no epidemic of any description no far this summer, the
worst being a few Isolated cases
iivfcntprv
Rev. Arthur Barner left town on
Wednesday morning last for Calgary.
Rev. iC. H. Huestis, representing tne
Lord's Day Alliance, will speak at the
Baptist church, Blairmore; nest Friday night at 7 o'clock.
Frank Bdl, Wm. Jolley, James Kennedy started to work in the local
•mine this past week. It is encouraging to see more men being .put on.
'Mr. Fleming is the new manager
of the Rocky Mountain Sanatorium.
-Mr. Sam Hosford, of Alberta University stopped off in town to visit
friends on his way from the coast to
the capital.
School has opened up again, with
the same staff as last year, .Mr. Baker,
/Misses Calder and Thompson. A
great increase is noticed' in the enrollment of children. All of the
rooms are filled to their capacity
but all the children of town are not in
attendance yet.
The first game in the Crahan cup
series was played by the Hillcrest
and Frank football teams, at Frank, ou
Saturday. During the first half Frank
played down hill and a few minutes
after tke start of play were able to
score. The game was fairly fast, but
neither team came close to scoring
except once, when Varley of HillcreBt
got past the back and had an open
goal. Everybody expected him to
even up, but he missed It altogether.
At half time the game was 1-0 In favor of Frank.
During the second half things were
moving quickly all the time. Frank
made a second ope that was like a
bullet sihot; and not very long afterwards, another one.
(The game closed 4-1 in favor of
Frank.
TABER  NOTES
1 mine. He still feels the effect . of
his operation, the wound being tender. His brother, Tom, who runs a
restaurant at the Hat, joined- the
benedicts yesterday, being united in
wedlock to Miss Inbeborg. We join
with his many friends in wishing
them long life and prosperity.
There is considerable excitement in
sporting circles, especially on the
north side, as to the result of the
football cup between .Callles and
North United. The last time they met
the gate receipts constituted a record,
nearly J100 being taken..
The Trades Council have drawn up
a splendid program of field sports fo'"
September 7th, Labor Day. We hope
all laboring men will turn out and
celebrate this, their principal holiday
of the year.
Sirs. x. Moore has returned from
Great Falls, .Montana, where she was
on a week's visit, and attending her
youngest sister's wedding, which
took place on the 19th.
BEAVER MINE3 NOTES
For the first time la Its life Beaver
Mines can boast of being the proud
possessor of a well furnished school,
with up-to-date equipment. Previous
to this week each child attending
school had to beat It as best they
could to Coalfields, a distance of
two miles, and this was often a matter of grave concern t«i parents and
children alike. For the time being our
only church (Presbyterian) has been
utilized for a school and it was opened on the 24th Inst, for the accommodation of All children of school age,
with Miss Lee, late of Xelson, B. C,
as teacher in charge. Although ap
parently young, Miss Lee looks all
over a teacher, and In our opinion the
overseers have made a wise selection.
The chances are that Miss Lee wiil
uot be very long known by that name
if some of the Beaver boys can persuade her to change it.
Most of us know that there is one
common law pervading the whole universe, and that is the law of equiliub-
rlum, and in perfect accordance with
this law there Is kept up a constant
action aad re-action throughout every
department of nature.  For instance, if
two clouds are unequally, or to speak
more   scientifically, "positively   and
negatively charged" by long heat and
drought, electricity becomes very unequally diffused   throughout   the   atmosphere; one portion of the air will
contain a greater amount of electricity,
than another, then a reaction must
take place.   The heavens will stream
with   forked   lightning,  the   thunder
will roll, aud the war of the elements
will continue until the electric fluid is
equally diffused throughout the atmosphere, and also   equalized   with   the
earth.   The same law is at work in
the mines and In every form of inert
matter  and  animated nature, whilst
in the world of love the samo Is   at
work in its efforts to bring about an
equlplose of offspring.   Hence   in opposite sexes the short is attracted to
the tall, the fat to the slim, the dark
to the fair, tbe unintelligent to the intellectual, and so on.   Therefore, according to this common law of equilibrium, an Intellectual lady like our
teacher will attract the boys of (Beaver in much the same manner as a.
needle would be attracted to a loadstone, or the steel lock of a miner's
lamp is attracted to the magnet.   In
much the same manner some of the
most Intellectual and beet minds, male
and female, in every country In   the
world have been struggling to restore
(Continued on Page Eight)
The labor situation remains about
the same. The mine is working about
three days per week, and a large force
of men are now employed, Numbers
are Inquiring for work every day.
but cannot be hired on. The men who
are working are getting a very small
turn of cars. There are more men
employed now than in any previous
season, during the same month.
Dave Miller joined the wage slaves
of the Canada West on Monday, as
loader.
The long expected pipe for the w$-
ter extension arrived on Monday, and
Is being distributed1 about town.
The American Girls' baseball team
-played—a—gaai6Ha~towit~tjn~3a'tiiruay
with the local team, in which the
home team were victors. Two of the
old district league players, Roy Lee
and Arthur Leet, donned harness for
the occasion.
The second call for recruits lu town
found three volunteers, L. Bailey, J.
Xalsh and V. Brown, who will leave
with the contingent on Saturday.
Jlra Kelley, who went to the training camp at Calgary with the 25th
battery during tke summer, went
with the volunteers from this city
last week.
Mrs. .loe iMclntyrevcame home from
Lethbridge hospital on Saturday, having practically recovered from a bad
attack of fever.
A new arrival In town Is Jack 'Mug-
ford, of New Aberdeen, X. S. Things
In that part of the country are la a
pretty bad condition. That half million bones that J, K. S. Ross gave to
the war fund would do a lot more
Rood among tbe wives and children of
the Nova Scotia miners, whom he
•s-klaucd out of it
The reaular meeting of 10J! was held
on Sunday, but owing to rain, very
tew member* turned out. N'o btistntst
of importance was transacted.
The washhouse seems to be like
the crops tn this district tills season.
The foundation Is there, bat there
don't s**em to be much raah In complet Ina the building. It was promised that it would be ready in one
of J month from the   lime   construction
1 IW'.*'ll.tl
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman *s trade
G. A. CLAIR ;.; Proprietor
—flLfr HERE-IS-A-5Q0IIRE-DEAL-
and peaceful security as .well.
With a policy In our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit tie ends of the
e&rtix and you know you're secure.   Tbe best In
FIRE IN8URANCE
is always cheapest and eapecl-
ally ao when it doesn't cost
higher. Dont doiay about that
renewal or about that extra Insurance you want but come right
ia PA once and bave it attended
to.
M. A. KASTNER
80LE AGENT FOR FERNIE 1
ALEX BECK BLOCK, li FERNIE, B. C
j In spun of* ihe assurance given us
1 hy Mr. Lowe, the manager of th* 41''
Market Company, that they were \'
net* tint koIrk out of business, Owy!'
line unlit out tn a Mr. Kafttutc, who '
will In fiiturit endeavor to supply th-" I'
people »f ihe town with the Mate
b<mw1 tiuallt) of nn»at*. etc, nl ron.i<in-
tililc |it|<e»,
Tlu ueaU' fimiMiiim *tor«, lonmi-
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
UBTHBRIOOe  NOTtt
Established April 1899
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail   TobaCCOnist
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
*#.'■—-*—— v.m ■ >■—■»'n**.**—rv■iibh ".in.iii ini—— m«wi«i.w»
BILlLiRD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
♦ ♦
■ In the first two wi-ck* of this month
■ th*» mln«» have had n tun of eleven j
(days, but  tt h»» aaaln dropped    to
ix run by Mr. «llv*», who "skinn-H{hnv(k ,„„,„ „„„.,, h,„ „ „ l# „M „,».
Our Coffee is Good
omi." Hill be opcnrii    fnr    bustn«->*«
. nit-sUf t-onl* one monlA Utlni 1h»t lb*-
mmB.mmMmwt*m^m9im««Km9immmmmm\ima
Tut tlM> TU?""* !"" Mf ttCird°n <#Wwt mmW ** mhl'   ****** ttom
jor iHunond Ctty. '•*,..■,*» t.9.^99    nkti*   m/nt\   bt,■ wsm
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
vniliiiif Mi;prt>s«wiii lli.it ntw,. ,1 itiati list*. it\***itr\n,t\ ;,
• ■frtaiii iiin<»Miil »»|' Shi-mIi*! |iliii<t<M>|tiiy, In- tmnu>
«»Ut«'H t'i'k«l*»m>*»l 11 mi taW-w-ml will* »ii|»rr.
,,.'t,.X,t   ,,»,..* , * .■ .*,..    ,..*   ...  ,■>.,.. I'    I
11- •    ..-,   ,r. '<}  ' -A:-- X*
tlintit'ly
}■■****..■*,■
.,,.»-**■.!'■      ■
U'mI IVUI nu*\ iM»lll«-fi«'*M i* mw-mflry f »r «»nr
i*t<>in-i»
HitatMKWt KKLUtr FUWD
FRANK NOTIt
'♦♦♦♦
<>!«(< t   *\., r*
',-Xi^i * •■
itH'atifc th«
!
'j A in..tint |»nvi..u>ly rm'ivi««| or |»w»tnis-til. .AZA'MVNt
•iituAx ill fiift,. lhfft> ni*- niitny   !'kii1i»)ij
XX th*\ J!«- sil^An -.A iM^imi . ||w|v<tr Wnm ^ ^	
utttl fiuntttatfm »f n-MiiHiH'tii,    rlii- t-,^„rff t,,,,,.^
,\«t»i *tt|irnt limtiet «.. fwr.1. W. Wnntm,.
(®M
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Ur. il. I*. iMcKmy iuul ML** Ayl*tU,
who Have Wen rl»ltlns In Vrnntt, dtir- i
lag the taMMats, left on Hmday morn- >
tu* mt ut»i-.n*», tu *>\ttm school th"r* t
on Mornls) morning. j
WM«r   !)«.'.   ftRi-jf   im*  i'iak'im *t
stouth Fork last week a message waa
(KMa-fir i-ttttt,
j «th*r «**«•#, for. a* * mie. th* three
. summer months end the slafk time.
I The ftrinrfiMl topi** these -days Is
I the war. Quite u number of young
j «*fotcl»meii frn-ic volunteered for over-
I'm* Mrvlc*, and ar*   drawing   tfc*lr
4.9ttt      444'1.9'i*       "   * -""'   '"It-tl-f  *»        **        *"*** I' ***
ll.'ll'*'       I Ll iV'      ll*     ■,'.'.':        '   I'Vl      !,>■.'      i.: Vl'
tart- \V**.iI*li»i3j*i>. It ',9 Tuuuin-'i !&&»,%
tlmt, they It-mre tot Qettmr TkmnAnr
night.   We tttth tbtm Ood nbmd end
ISIS THEATRE
Fernie's leading Picture Theatre
ammmmamamatetammmamaammamammmmm
<*mm*mmm
l.'.'H,|<vN<eU'eil I mm Keet+fn n'emd* ••M»g!
t»j-Uy tr« ? »l*.wn ti, W«lrwk, and rwiliw* tlial it htmr
nt th* *l«iwe«it nf all evnlnttrtfiAry prni'-cwM-s tn r«--
rin-iv.' tin- M-nttmetttrtl ideal* of "country ;hh|
Kiiitf." Hi- mon* ra|it*l will he ottr j>rojrr«»*«> to n
vu»rM-wi.!.- HinftfimineMi of mir f*o»Sti»>ti in *o.'i««ty
l<*i#ty.   I« «-«titm< lw* lifiititl lital 4}i-riii«n> |mi<iwmi^|
., ..,    ..*  ')..    5. ,...•»>*», ,.f    \,,l, ]i,..**f .*■    "j:    '•:       ^r-   ',;!;,'■
ivt-i-temrid l«wi»,v, a»*4 we iio not qitf**Jt«<« the nt*
titu,'!f of jht-iw j«*.Jt! «iHi rrffari! to lh** j.r--«.t/ .■•*:**
Wtrt     Sffrrtheh**-*. tt w* worrhl h# tmr nr* iiUHt
mint* affnacni** *^" fe*d thnt I her Whmhj* • » -i, t*»*H :>if';'
.»!.,,   f,c ti-,.:  f^.jf r*f»rt*>»r-tffcin   h-n'i'  r-'^y-l  t *\\, m
**ht% mart- w Um en e tbemx |»fo|-»|f.. Ami their
•-/.itimii ',**. i-Xi'tivtUU*. hnvinir r»'jr;iri? 1>, l\„. uvmcii*
tiuii* pr**trt-m tnetti* hy* thi- T«"ttlor» in ■vi^ni-i*. rln-fw-
|tt|,2*ittor hfs»|»eedy r#twro how*.   He tot
 _. J In hew on W'edntmdmy algllit not let!
tutto*  *.i9.t4)9*ri.*.-+..~9,'.9i   .imttt.   Mk   uM> *0t,
nt sdrsnted aotlaty, edoratlon. ete.
, *."i,7;|:|..Vi;
Total , 	
All fontrihit!ion* •hntthl lw went U» A. .!, r«rt«»r,!"
K.*,wtnr>*-Trmattivr l>t*«Hct !*«, I". XI. W. ,,f A..
r'-.-|.-. !t r.
tm nntsrto Thnr»*fiy morning.
WHf K YOU ARE NERVOUS w    Kte M rt „
i jam tent imt wm mwtmwtu to • two-tnaww i       , ... ......
n state of affairs should exist; thst thousands, possibly mil-
tttm*. td hnm*n llt^s should to* aa^
rlfked to gratify I he amWtlon*   4*-
Wr** of a taw prtrt}*t*d Indtrldttnl*
hotel   la |
fl -,4\:.
\\ Hii fi r-iv'M   "ti*-..t-.liij'i Itemjf !«f.in1c.,i,..| ,,*, iin']pi.u] xhtk tube* ami patm ami mStf i» io& Aeplrmltm lm.   it J* tlolmed to tej
wewtme C*-^ of K..n'^. «.v,r ovory m,*r,\ „„* *ri2tt^iZ!%£!^^ "^ ^ri mM** '* th* **'
Xnt'lUll* of U.,|'l»i  ro!»Hllt*Ht{«'l*tio».. WO OlH» T* »»-»■»*' •.
!•.** ihwtMy *--*f»|»M*"al| mr »* htff#ffliia^.   V«mr •s***t
•Ia li'Ui.t  .1* l!l~.t  uf llw    VV«»l   ,'tUUkW   ot   VkttU'   l'*.
ilaily Tlw* only «|iffrrene«> h*»m« that h* **-an
lis* g'.U"*** uuA .-ir'-uUtr it I»r«i«ilcasl. wliiU- Us,
vi'iit «-an «!«»ix j«* riviii* voitr* *»si thi* sttiN-l r*m*.
]tdiam bt-trmttamete tammm»Mt.        .    . «tMt-i.*hi^-, . „«•«*--,». «r v*. cl
, „ ;    ff thwe m ,i»kt«! wmtd «toB !**&»« f    * **if**mnto. • ilmherm/in or N»* I
"• T JniwlWii. ttmdtdtm ale«li»| or dmma\wdm* kod %k*   mtatmittm   W tm h<m\
,..,   ^i»hVh»f-miirv-ifcir tuwwMMew* e< hmrlth. I ^^ f.(,*Mt t#tr*tyt*,*i brnlnrd % * lure*
i*n»l jimi u|,e ib* |Hit«-. ataetfltaridoe | rimvr fatt'nt. ,*,,* *. ff,*. *,.,r e^f tf*-*rt
, :...;, u-A..i,MttMww,u^>4l >»-.n*«'M*ma,il w-antUI '
icr-rtitt. erw Herat tn -mtmn thnwgh th*
■   " fm» nis i«-frt-.h tlu-lr ljo«|fr* mul twtM ttj>
,.,*-, I j th-.- mletm tutv*m* *v»t*n-t.    It Is nth,
,! *t:-, tr,4itm,nn wmtbAnmim, bv* tnmt mvmm,
-      I kttbrtir* ittvg*    mmJmadmltWttm-.
md,  -alter   n*im  otf   wotk   «*i*r»l
w*-*h». hav lug bften in bwpttal *!'h
eo tnfnry to ht* eye.
3 PtotnA km taammad *otb at Xo,
i|iif%||  i   c    I  AVE
Lv VI LLC     bV Y Cp
The Girl of Mystery
Frkky 2«, Serfa* No jl (Jet. slwiiil now white ita young
Saturday Matinee and Evening
Pemxxne mnem, m o -Oow beer tbtnmn
X JOLJEt  Jul,MU
TS»» Keel-   Q«M •*•!• tdtenyn plssn ,
SPECIAL FEATURE Mania! "* Tkswdaj, Stpt Jfc-3
fm mm tttmotettt/t CowtodyOrnmt et• Ot«a«s
Brewster^s Millions
■Tram the stary by Cwri^ Z-an Im-iCmitMa^,. mlUt, tdmi
M^g_    ^^m^m^^^   ^^^   .9^ tt_)t_\_______W._t&    -
fPRP 1W^|^WW  oWete mw   _ OTlMN^-f
If ir» OOOD, YOU'LL ttt IT AT THt tttft, THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
PAGE FIVE
w
*
News  of The   District Camps
♦ COLEMAN NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦ <►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Born—On Wednesday, 19th, to Mr.
and Mrs. Malcolm Morrison, a foraw
wee laddie. Mother and child doing
fine. •
John William Derbyshire proceeded
to Calgary on Thursday, 20th, to consult a throat specialist.
Archie Josephs spent the week end
fishing at Crow's Nes't Lake.
Born—to Mr. and Mrs. Isaac James,
Sunday, last, a daughter. Mother and
child doing well.
On Friday afternoon, about 1:30,
Miss Florence Hopkins fell from a
liorso which she was riding. She was
stunned by the fall and received a
rather severe shaking. Glad to report
that she is convalescent now.
Coleman town council have surely
imbibed the war fever bad, A rather
heated wordy war took place at the
last council meeting.    One alderman
disqualified, oue resigned and one
walked out of the council chambers
disgusted.
The .public school opened Monday,
the 17th, with a full attendance.
Bill 'Fraser spent Saturday and Sunday in the North Fork fishing. .He
returned home with -some speckled
beauties.
Frank and Coleman football clubs
'meet on the former's ground in the
Crahan cup competition on Saturday
next. Let us hope there will be no
repetition of rowdyism witnessed on
last occasion when these teams met.
.The Coleman Order of Owls intend
holding a grand excursion to the
Crow's Nest Lake on September 7th.
'Miss. MacKelloe' has taken up the
position of teacher In the public
school ln Coleman.
Notwithstanding the assurances of
the Dominion Government anena the
price of flour, the rise in the price
of this commodity which several merchants of Coleman raised at the outbreak.of hostilities In Belgium should
come back to Its former price.
People of Coleman
LISTEN!
You have a Co-operative Store in
your midst that is a protection to you
against high" prices for the necessities
of life.
Have You Thought of This?
Do you realise what the store is doing
lm' you influs~direction-apart from
other benefits it may give you ?
The Store Belongs to the
Working Men of Coleman
And it is to their own interests that
they support it. It is their duty to do so
Think About it
Western Can. Co-Operative
TRADING OO. LIMITID
COLEMAN ALBERTA
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
•The mines here were idle from 3
p. m. Saturday until 3 p. m. Monday,
also from 3 p. m Wednesday till 3 p.m.
Thursday.
,The funeral of the late Mrs. Alice
Alexander Graham Watson took
place from the home of her son, Mr.
Adam Watson, on Sunday afternoon.
The deceased lady, who has been
totally blind for the last few years,
has resided in this camp for a little
over a year. Our sympathies go out
to the sons and daughters left. The
deceased lady had reached the ripe
age of 73 years. The company kindly
ran a special train, leaving Coal
Creek at 3 o'clock.
The company electricians are busy
putting in fixIngB for electric lights in
the houses of Wels-h camp. Thus shall
the darkness be lightened.
The football club assembled in full
force to bid Godspeed to Jack Mc-
Letchie, on Friday, who had received
orders to proceed to rejoin his regiment. Jack will surely be missed on
the football field.   -
Two of our local disciples of Ike
Walton returned on Sunday from a
fishing excursion and all they brought
back was one German and one small
Scotchman (bottled). Dick says one
of the denizena of the deep sea
caught him by the seat of the trousers.
Coal Creek Methodist Church
Services for Sunday, August 30th:
2:30 .p. m„ Sunday school and Bible
class. Bible class topic, I. S. S.
7:30, Gospel service; subject, "Love
of God." Friday evening at 7 p. m.,
choir practice.
The Ladles' Aid iu connection with
the .Methodist church, in meeting assembled on iMonday evening, decided
to give the Sunday school scholars a
picnic at 'Morrissey on Labor Day.
General iManager Wilson has kindly
promised to place a special train at
their disposal. Particulars as to time,
etc., later.
The patriotic fever is  not  played
out in this camp, for we hear of sev-
£EaLJ3Lu3isr~pro£jiinsnt--resideaw
pressing their   willingness   to volun
teer.
Fernie realized they had^ met theiv
Waterloo, and although successful in
scoring another goal, Coal Creek added another, thus winning out, 6 goals
to 3.
Those who witnessed the game on
.Monday were treated to one of the
fintjst lacrosse games seen around
here for some time, and we can safely
■prophesy that if the kids will keep
together some of the trophies of the
lacrosse world will come this way.
Coal -Creek Juniors, by their win on
Monday last, secure the cup offered by
Hon. W. Rosa, also the gold medals
fram 'Mr. OLalley.
The record of the Coal Creek Beavers reads of follows: Dunlay-,5; Coal
Creek, 9. 'McDougalls, 6; Coal Creek,
5. Dudleys, 5; Coal Creek, 16. Dudleys, 4; Coal Creek, 7. McRltchie, 0;
Coal Creek, 13. ..McRltchie, 3; Coal
Creek, 6. -McDougalls, 1; Coal Creek,
9. Fernie total, 22 goals. Coal Creek
total, 65 goals.
~ Crahan Cup
First round played at Coal Creek,
Saturday, August 22. Coal Creek vs.
Fernie.
From the commencement, Fernie
forwards played a combination game,
and as. a result did not let Sawyer of
Coal Creek have much peace; arising
out of which <Pete Joinsen drew first
blood for Fernie. This seemed to put
life in the Coal Creek crew, and end
to endi play followed, and in spite of repeated attacks on his preserves,
Cooper of Fernie kept a clean sheet.
The Interval arriving with Fernie, 1;
Coal Creek, 0.
On resumption .Coal Creek seemed
to play more of the regular cup tie
play. The ball during the second half
being in the Fernie quarters most of
the time, and the superb goaliug of
Cooper and the marvelous defense of
Gregory somewhat saved the situation. From a rush down field by
Coal Creek, Manning slipped in and
gave the Fernie goalie no earthly
chance. Play ran out even until
Referee Ovlngton called time, which
arrived with both team one goal each.
The replay takes place on Wednesday evening.
We take, off our   hats   to   Referee
^Ovingtoiv-of-Gbrbia-for-tte-niaBtefiy"' s-m.ne&
and giving the children a little enjoyment. It was done with the best intention, and it is to be regretted that
the District President was asked for
a ruling on same. Everyone was
fully aware what they were doing,
and it must be remembered that, when
the Local Union held sports in Michel,
practically every business man donated something towards the fund.
Of those who are taking part, 90 per
cent or more are members of the Local Union, and have spent time, energy and money in growing and raising to make the best production possible, which proves the industrious
object of the people. Our aim should
be, as far as possible, to encourage
this kind of competition, and it is to
be regretted that the Local secretary
does not view the matter in the same
lisht.
The school teachers are back from
their holidays again and school was
opened on Monday.
f
When Wanting Shoes Think of
THE INVICTUS
Ifa not tha nam* (hat made tht ahota goad—lt'a tha tHOIt that
madt tht namt good, and thar* la nothing in a namt unlttt QUALITY haa madt It flood and heap* It peed
WHO WILL BE THE
LUCKY ONE?
A Beautiful Dreiser and Stand to be Given
Away FREE of Charge
it a tm bif ta «*t ft In tht window, kxd etmn tne Mt It In tht
ai*r«.
It'a prlen In ttbM* and whin you ttt It you'll My It It wtll worth
tht prist. Tht holdtr of tht luthy tlaktt on tht nlfht «f Unt*Uy 0<
ttttr lri, will fH It AMOLUTILV Mit OP CMAHOt.
Wnr natty eat* pvrehato of ont dtiiar, pee ftt wit tiektt nr nm
tknott ot winnlttt tht beautiful drttatr nnd ttand. Tht mora dollar! you spifld htr*. tht mart ehancaa you draw. Ymi pnp nn morn
hart than tttawhtro—fn many caati not to mush—and In addition you
heat tht thtoen el ftttlnt a IMM arlklt AMOLUTtLY MM OF
C,./,..'.-,...   Mi-at-a*. n^tt** mtt gamt trntmn omo.
The residents of this camp vigorously protest against the action of the
city council re the $600 for band purposes, and our thanks and appreciation go to Alderman Jackson for his
manly outspokenness at the gathering
of the city dads on Thursday evening
last. We would suggest that a ilst of
services rendered by the two bands
to the city, etc., (gratis) be published
with a brief history of tha purpose
of the grant. We contend that the
majority of the Fertile ratepayers do
not understand the present trouble.
An automobile was dispatched up
here on Sunday evening to convey the
Coal Creek members of tho Excelsior
baud to Fernlo to conduct the volunteers from vhurch.
The Coal Creek school reopened on
Monday, Principal Weough being In
charge. Mlsa Towiiaend Is In charge
ut the lutermediat-u dust., formerly
under the tuition of Mr.Tonks. The
younger net tire without a teacher nntl
havo not na yet beon aeseroWed.
A meeting of ratepayers in the
Coal Crt^ek school district It called
for Saturday. August the 2Wtli. A
meeting or the school trustees will be
liHrt In thc school at 10 a. m. We
hope to see a large attendance.
The fan at No. Hast mine stopped
on Monday, owing to a bait breaking.
The mine wa* thrown Idle In consequence. "
Mrs. John -Manning of Coyote street,
| wna admitted to hospital for treatment
[during laat week ead.
j    Jo»    Harper    ItH*    iak«iii    a    position with the company electricians
J formerly held    by Jack    McUtclii*.
who haa answered his country's call
for i-ervlc*.   Mind tht stops, Jot.
Quite a large number of tha Juve-
fnshion in which he handled the Coal
Creek^Fernle game, displaying abilities which we seldom see in this Pass.
The mines have been idle from 11
p. in. Wednesday until 11 p. m. Sunday, and from 11 p. m. Monday until
Wednesday, when the notes were sent
In.
Mr. Joseph MaBon and family returned home on Wednesday from
their holiday at North Fork, Altn.
Bert Davis, Wm. Marsh   and   .loo.
WilBon of Coal Creek started out from!
here on   Tuosday   with   their   pack j
horsi'.    Tom  McGovern accompanied I
them for ten miles up the Elk river, i
The Intention of the boys Is to locate
their hunting ground for the 1st of
September.    Having with them    two!
cameras, tliey intend taking lota   of:
pictures during the trip,
Mr. Tom Williams wait down here j
on Tuesday on IiIh usual Inspection i
of the mines. <
Mrs. Fred Gullett left here on Maii-t
day evening's   passenger   for   L«t!i-j
bridge to join her husband, Fred hav- {
lug secured work there a few weeks
ago.
We are please* to announce thatj
Andy Mitchell and Emile Topi are]
able to aet around on their cratches j
and are Improving very satisfactorily. ■
Mrs John Va'wm.in amt Vrs Varry**
man boarded tha passenger on Sat ,
urday morning on a visit lo Mrs. Al-!
fred Rhodes, The Hawthorne*. l.««4-'
brock.
The   Michel   Anglers'   Atstwlatlon
held their annual fl*hln« contest on
j Sunday last.    Although tke weather
i was much agalast the d*>'* outturn, a
Mrs. Jas. Clark, who has been sick
for several days, we are pleased to
report is again on the high road to
recovery.
IMrs. Tom Owens left Monday to
spend a couple of of weeks on the
family ranch at North Fork, Alta.
Mr. and .Mrs. Jones and Mre. McRae have returned to town, after
spending a few days fishing at the
Flathead. '
Jack Johnston s-pent a few days in
Fernie last week on business
John Virgo, the Flathead king, has
been renewing acquaintances here for
a few days this week.
'Mr. and Mrs. Lancaster and Miss
Hunter took a quiet stroll to Crow's
Nest last Sunday. The ladies of the
party proceeded to Coleman, returning home on the cushions Tuesday.
Wm. Sproule of Hillcrest and Tom
Williams, mine Inspector, were among
the visitors at the last meeting of the
local lodge of Odd Fellows.
y—worked—two—days"
here week, with no prospects of anything better for the near future, hence
Corbin is a good town for the workers hunting a master to steer clear
of at present.
The doings here the early part of
last week made the European war look*1
like a storm in a teacup in comparison. Each side sent put the order to
mobilize last Saturday. After a few
Bchoouera had been destroyed by each
side in the naval engagement in the
hotel without any serious loss, except
a little comomn sense, the 'British captain ordered the light brigade to
charge, but they were met by a stubborn defense. With blood flowing in
every direction the scene that followed
beggars description. Black eyes are
now fashionable In Corbin, and Tuesday morning mark nn epoch In the
; history of .this generally peaceful little city.
The grass on the lawn  thnt  adds
beauty to the home of   Mr.   ami ..Mr-*.
Brown was found to be gradually rils-
apponrlnp for two or throe dnys. rmii-i
mencing ln*t Saturday night.    I'pon i
investigating the mystery on Tuesday,
after several theories had been suggested, the culprit was found in
Jimmy Robb's teeth, which had escaped their owner the previcus Saturday. The ivories are at present rooming and boarding with Jimmy, but
will be hired out at very reasonable
rates to persons who need the lawns
cut.
District President Phillips made liis
initial appearance before Local Union
No. ^877 at their last meeting, and
after explaining, among other things,
the reason for the Hillcrest strike, and
the action of the Albert. Government
relative to their choice of the personnel of the commission to handle
the Hlllcrest relief fund, a vote of
thanks wus tendered the District
president, and the position of the
executive board relative to the Hillcrest relief fund indorsed. At this
meeting lid Jackson was elected Local
president, to fill the position made vacant by tbe resignation of George
Elmer, John Scobie and R. Garbett
were elected on the gas committee.
A new tunnel was started Monday
above No. 4 mine and will be used
for coal production in the winter
time, wheu climatic conditions make
it necessary to close down the "big
show."
A party composed of Charley Kerr,
Cliff Gladwin, Walter Robinson, Fred
and iMat Allan, Ed. Jackson and Jas.
Strang, journeyed to Crow's Nest Friday for the purpose of participating in
the dance and general good time given
at the opening of the new hotel. The
two last named proceeded to Coal
Creek the following morning to witness the Fernie-Coal Creek football
game, returning home Sunday morning. All report having had a splendid
time.
Mickey Williams is now night watchman at the mine.
Andy Goodall, who has held the position of head tracklayer at the mines
for the past four months, left Monday
morning to run a mining machine in
the mines at Princeton. B. C.
John Smith and John Lawrence pulled out last week to seek their fortunes
in pastures new.
Kd. Wynee left Thursday morning
with a prospect party for the Flathead.
Tommy Miller and A. Tomlinson,
two of the members of the local football team, left on the speeder Friday
night. The former for Vancouver and
the latter for Frank.
Miss Rosle Frew of Michel arrived
in town .Monday morning and will
spend a few days renewing acquaintances.
BELLEVUE NOTES
A game of football was played
here on Thursday between teams representing Hlllcrest and Bellevue,
which proved a source of much amusement to the spectators.
A rather nasty accident befell Mr.
Kynaston. on the Friday afternoon
shift. He was employed as a motor
driver in upper section of mine, and
while on his return from the charging
station to his "trip" bis hand slipped
from lever, and losing his balance he
fell under the motor, the result being a broken collar bone and several
severe bruises.
The fare in connection with the
.Methodist Sunday school picnic, to
be held at Crow's N'pst on Labor Day,
will be: Adults, 60c; children, half
price.
(Cunllnnrd ou I'nicc Four)
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
 —Stationeryf-etcr——	
OX*D COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta
H. G. G00DEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your bouse from cellar to garret and at bottom prices, Call, write, phone or wire. All orders given
prompt attention. ,
If you are satisfied, ttll others.   If not satisfied, ttll us.
Coleman
Alberta
I
tyyr- ' ^. . ltii^*Wi>oetnttm
Albftrta
Coleman
SSBSSOmME
em
msm
T. W. DAVIES
nil* element ot Welsh camp attended good number turned out to compete In
the home of Mr. and Mrs. James) the rmitpst. ;mror«i<niti»>iI b> suuif of
Machin, io celebrate the birthday ofj the fair net.
their danfhter,  Ifesaie-    The  happy,]    The  following itrt* tht*  j»rl*t»  win.
ititiliiia tore* of tli* cbiidrfii bespoke jf,*!***;    iter* Travis, first priie. en**'
a good time. whl*l<y: Rlehriri! Beard, ***ottA, fhb
UAont Utfvt iMtntnn u,t rod: Jm Tr*»l*. Jr. thlN. pip*.
Coat Creek vs. Peruit*. Curtain Tom t/utern fourth, fluMn" tt-*kl-; '
mag down on the Hchool League I* pr„r,j, v.arpt'iAft, tlitk. bux rlgar*. !
erotne mine* on Mondny evening. $ltm tuo*i>t*m, sUlli. risUitui bnafcet. '
***}"hen tliu Coal Creek Ikavtrs Jt»ura*>- j,*. Trails, dr., twitu, fishtn*
oil to l*>l'li)(M(i try an «iiwi«i'lii(»iil In hwhrn, MIIup l/twlko*. «lit;l*tU. nMm'
the lap final with Parol* t-ehool team. ^4, ni.k Cftafceit. ninth iw« i*itii**>
««,.:* »,*mim*)* mmttt tm twtee*. |«hi»li».   me   bottle    tir»n<!v:    Tom
Aw, ISfiJ, !.,*',«..*.*., ^t»,v.*»r tlu.... i lumi.vuu. in.it*. fkthlna m-rai*..
Immm, Urnswk, Vetbdr, Honk*, John J praah Vat**, *|«v*ntti, fttlttfn*
«fcOTW„ Win- tWwhMf. if-HffMi; l*WT**y.j(j„-.3,>. A. Wo&d.i»e;ieti. imeUi'it, l»*'i»*
Armstrong. Jojm hm tack!*; A. fates, thirteenth. fi»h<
Fertile  • Anderson, SoloakJc.  Smith,ji*** i**k»#  J  W-td4t*tti*a*. ttmrt-pt^t'-tk.
fiwhtnar tarkl*', .1. Marsh, flfrewtth,
thklm tartd*: 11* Pry» etstMMptft,
fj»ti5ni urklf. llfft Travis, first prise,
for largest ijttaRtlty of ft-itt-ckfed trom.
hat. v*1<m* Aim, Kfven ky Antbt*: Tom;
HsMttton. special pttrn tm twill trout.
**«.kit. *ii«"<> '<».•   'Vr*>s«-#-V*to*i>.*V
Wunmtmi Director
and   Imbalmtr
H«*4f§toft*» Supplied and §*t up
COLBMAN    "^T&rsa™ '**    ALMRTA
Smmmmmui, avummm'tt, txtttamtuam, »v u«*»..
Camming*. SleRHchle. T. IHsvtdson. J
IMrldson. Mol^iaghUn.
Prom th* twmteeme*tn**M the gam*
went fast and furltas. Set eral pi*?*-**-*
| of dirty work were dete^ed. Tbr
itlrat trmrter NuinfiMM fn ftoilt XI     ,,,„...„ .,.,  .,	
acertaf*   Vttnl* irawiag first Mood j    \ir*  F  ttarton arrived bmrb horn*
fri)m the <y/mnk;aC-5:fcui.ui uC Un; *»*.;-. f i„,-*,■>*,■,  n**t*t. ttnm net int.* tn ?*-»
ond -noneter Vmt Creek pm in some
ttrilltaat fttay. »4£fiif two mart* tot
kettm the h*»l nmg. In the tMn!
t-q-Mrttr fk*   III   fNrtlmi   was   rm
K'lttmg *n4 tittkiuA in Vi*4 xmuk
n'-iArftiiy,X t'l'f CUt, UU. Um UmO, tttt,'.
t!»* Anwm bey (wim pH oa th* t*r<*
i®x dlny play. The fool Vr**k >*•<'»> -
emmd t«o mm* tenia la -ftikfk w
tttttem.    I'vrf-ft*   ll*  tost   -qpanor
»• J aatr
-*! s f*
native eotatry. trataad, bavin* apttd
wnttilt* -S'tik k*t rfht'M-**
Tti# (toaatlua «f IJ" iiv tli* t**r*t
VAmu to tk* affkuHural sbo« spari**
!\isd k*M e» f<**bw Itty i» rem<dd*t*d
• ».<***«* •»*»•»•■»«* ama**Mmmtimt     ie* «wr-
I #f.rt*ft*>^i «a* **k***ti bf mm* *i*i»Vfs
• "if tb* tstnil l'ni»»n to nt-ttt* 'hit tlw
ift.f*'t &* «**kt»* IM* ii-m-Mrm--.  *■»**.
*tt  mtmr* tit  ■»»*«■♦* td tba  **^fl*j
RIGHT HERE!
Is Where YOU SAVE MONEY
on the purchase of a Suit, a Hat or a Pair of Shoes
The F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Blairmore, Alta.
Are Offering at COST PRICE your choice of their New and up to date
Mcn'a and BoW Sntf«~Mi>tif« Stilts $5.75
Boys Suits $190
Men's Caps for 45c up, Men's Felt Hats 65c up
Also Men's & Ladies' Shoes, these include Invictus, Regal and K make, and]in addition are giving
away at HALF COST to clear
| adies * $4,00 Oxfords, small sizes at $1.65
The Store That Saves You Money
i *
aaa-* * i^^awxiia sywiitaiiaKnT* ~ m?*rasK» > *aia PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
^-tiSMfflajgftssvwv^v^fflaafi^^
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
M-Jet first and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
HOSMER LOCAL
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 in IC.
P. Hall, Main Street.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—\V. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet   every   Sunday   afternoon
at   -   o'clock   in   Crahan's   Hall.
Sick  Benefit  Society attached.—
H. Elmer. Sec
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael Warren, Ss-sc, Can-
more, Alia.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month.   Sick and Benefit Society uuuchcd.—J. Gorton, Sec
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. In
Union Hall. Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries. Sec,
Pfissburp, AHa.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
t  Meet every Wednesday evening
at V.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
EXAMINATION QUESTIONS
FOR THIRD CLASS PAPERS
Questions set candidates for   third j how would you proceed to keep from
class papers at the recent B. C. exam- ] getting a knock-out?    •   - 8
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J.   Mitchell,   Sec,  Box
105, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit. Society attached.—Frank Barringham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O,
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
, No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall. 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In "the Socialist Hall. — James
Burke, Sec, Box 36, Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin. B. C. °
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
' Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
Benefit    Society    attached.—E
Morgan, Secretary.
l-i>r«itf*T?«f3\r/»^^^
E
E
EIHejISISIo^^
I Cash Meat Market 1
fig —assaa      j
„„^_.MtJlPj^aIJPrlce.s^or_Satur_day_are—:—
Roast Beef ,16cto20c
Roast Pom .... ...... .16cto20c
Roast Mutton 16c to 22c
Roast Veal    16c to 22c
Round Steak 20c
Sirloin Steak  22c
T Bone Steak 22c
Pork Chops ....  .20c
Mutton Chops  . .22c
Veal Cutlets  22c
Any size pall Leaf Lard, lb..15c
Hams and Bacon at 27c
ina tions:
"MIXING ACT" AND RULES
Tuesday, 'May 19, 1914. Time: 9 a.
■m. to 12:30 p. m. Sixty-five per cent
required.
Note.—The candidate must sign
each sheet with his usual signature,
1. Explain the following inter-pre-
■tion terms: "Tunnel or level," "working-face," "opening," "bank," fireman"
or "fireboss,' "shotlighter," "coal
miner," "competent person." 10
2. What are the requirement of
the general rules as to ventilation? 10
15. What are the duties of fireboss,
shotlighter, bratticeman, timbermen
and lampmen as provided by the special rules? 10
•I. What are the requirements of
the special rules in reference to the
safety lamps? 10
">. Whai are the requirements of
the special rules in reference to miners nnd other workmen? 10
i   -
6. What are the requirements of
the special rules In reference to drivers, trappers, rope-riders and rope-
men? 10
7. What are the requirements' of
the general rules iu reference to the
supply of timber to bevkept? 10
■ 8. What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to explosives and blasting?                      10
9. What are the requirements of
the general rules In references to the
inspection of mines in which inflam-
miaible gas has been found'? 10
10. What are tke requirements of
the Act Jn reference to rescue worK?
10
MINE GASES AND GENERAL WORK
Tuesday, May 19, 1914. Time: 2 to
5:30 p. m. Fifty per cent required and
not less than 65 per cent on the
whole.
1. Name and describe the various
gases found in coal > mines, where
found, and how detected. l.">
2. What is a water gauge? Explain
the construction and how it operates.
10
3. State the principle of a safety
lamp and why it will not ignite gas.
State in detail -what experience you
bave had with safety lamps, where,
and how long, and in what capacity
_ygu_werg_employed using same.      12
4. In making a test in a considerable body of gas with a Wolf lamp,
5. (a) What Is an overcast? (b)
For what purpose is it used? (c)
What is the use of doors in a mine>
(d) What are the principal essentials
for a good mine door? S
6. (a) What is a blow-out or
windy shot? (b) How are they caused?
(c) What are the dangers from them?
(d) What precautions would you take
to avoid -them as much as possible? 10
7. Describe some system of working coal /with which you are familiar,
giving sketches if necessary. 8
8. An airway is 6x12 fee, the anemometer registers. 180 revolutions per
minutes: what quantity of air is
passing? .10
9. How would you proceed to make
an examination of a mine previous to
the men entering? Make out an imaginary report showing some defect.   10
10. Ventilate the plan given, using
conventional signs, 20
THINKING  THEMES
Thought is the trouble maker of
the world. If it were not for the thinkers, kings' might go on undisturted
spending in .play the cream of the nation's toil, and trusts might keep
sleek as fatted swine, and superstition rule forever, all old. frauds
flourish as eternal oaks.
It Is the thinker that is at the bottom of every revolution. He splits
parties and churches. He sows discontent among the lowly, and, makes
the magnificent ones of earth suspect
their privilege.
Thought brings down them that sit
on high, and the despised and rejected
of men it raises up.
Thought is the loyal friend of demons. It is always for the many
against the few. The sure and-selfish
cry out, "They that turn the world upside down have come hither also!"
Thought ls always modern and
more, it is the futurist, it ie the abiding heretic, the ever-present disturber
of the "peace. Thought is the "angel
that troubleth the pool." "Thought
for the fools that, heed no warning
swell, prepares its hell.''—Dr. Crane.
'Most people eat twice as much as Is
ne£ssary,—Better-go-on-wai'-ratiosKir
Your health will be better and food
cheaper.
my bitter criticism, she flung-, ft bacx
at me with the words: "If any one
is to Mame, it is you, the doctors,
who so often exploit our ignorance
instead of guiding us."
And here we are: the physicians
and the laity both accusing one another, and both full pf mistrust and
douhts. The public claims that the
physician could do more; the physician feels that his efforts are not appreciated, often misinterpreted. The
average .physician -who sjiows any
willingness of giving instruction in
the sex question is only too often suspected of self-advertisement or of being an abortionist. That is why so
many physicians advanced in their
views taken, keep silent rather than
expose themselves to the misinterpretation of the public. Even physicians
look askance upon the colleague who
dares to come out openly with his
suggestions or readiness to help.
Something ought to be done to relieve
this tension, this chaos. The pioneer work of enlightening the people ought to be carried on by an
organization instead of leaving it in
the hands of a few individuals who
suffer from the stigma of suspicion
necessarily created by our abnormal
conditions. Our physicains are lacking in independence of thought. The
general mypocrlsy prevailing in ^.American society as to sex life has affected them also, and undermined
even, scientific spirit.
Our German colleagues were not
afraid to affirm at the congress of
the Society for the Prevention of Sexual Diseases that continuous abstinence is abnormal and unhealthy;
while here our physicians still stick
to the old, out-lived conception of perpetual abstinence the best solution of
sexual troubles.
The German physicians also took a
stand' on the laws concerning neo-
malthusianlsm. The German law is
far ahead of ours, for it 'permits the
physician to give any information desired to his patient. It prevents only
the advertisement of remedies or soliciting of patronage.
The great need of new sexual ethics has brought about in Germany
the organization of a society called
the International Federation for
motherhood protection and Sexual
Reform.
Such persons as Komelock, Ellis,
Dr. Ivan Block, Ellen Key, Professor
Ernest Haeckel, Carl -Hauptman .Bernard Shaw, H. I. Wells, Frank Wede-
kind, etc., are some of its members.
Its public organ: "The New Generation" ("Die Neue Generation"), is edited by Dr, Halene Stocker, Ph. D.
The Kite and Its Tail
By Prof. John Ward Stimson
It used to he quite a problem, as
you remember when we were boys,
to adjust the weight of the kite's tail
at that happy and correct point of
■balance where it would not be too
heavy to let the kite mount, nor yot
so light as to allow the kite to go
pitching and zigzagging, like some
drunkard of the air, finally perhaps
to plunge into a tree or ditch!
Now, being a man of many winters
and partially inured to life's vicissitudes, checks and balance, I have
often thought that we children of ,a
larger growth are forever compelled
(like the kite) to head-up to the
winds of circumstance (coming from
every quarter of material, mental and
moral pressure), so that our tails and
heads first balance safely.
It Is a pretty problem in mathematical accuracy, horse sense and
wise forethought—whether for kites,
angles, fling machines or plain humans. And not every Darius Green
nor '.political genius just hits it every
time. So the .trees are .pretty well
decorated with instances of arrested
development. \
And what is true of kites and
people is just as true of countries
and causes. The physical, material
(so-called), practical, end Is so constantly out of 'balance, focus, proportion, with the other equally essential
end of aspiration, ideal, hope, vision,
constructive imagination and Intellectual evolution that society zigzags,.
racks, whirligigs or plunges headlong
in a pitiful struggle to avoid retrograding backward and tallendward from
over materialism and sensuality or
careening in feather-brained circles
like a -buzsaiw, a pinwheel, -without
substantial advance, because of too
little calculation, reflection and good
sense.
Conservatism and progressivism are
forever foolishly scrapping, instead of
wisely recognize the higher necessity and sublimity of nature's admirable adjustments between centripetal
and centrifugal force between negative and positive polarities of electrical power; tn short, between body and
soul.
A terrible necessity is laid upon
every individual nation, or national
cause,   to study   with   sincerity and
teriallsm and animalism drag the so-'
cial or Industrial kite downward and
backward, to the level of the mollusk.
whose shell is too heavy" to let it
swim, or the sow, whose belly is too
pondering to rise from the mire.
While, on the other hand, our nobler
visions, hopes, aspirations, .necessities
often rush us too, recklessly (like
fledgelings form their perch before
their tails are g)'own) "and into air
vacuums or pressures which batter
us about and "prevent our heading-up
squarely and bravely for the^zenith.
This does not mean'that no one1
enters .water till he has learned to
swim, but it does mean sanity and
precaution.
Can any example be more appalling
than the present Insanity or recklessness of Europe. I, for one, prefer
the patient, stern, age-long precaution
and self-discipline of Japan with
which she met and triumphed in the
self-regeneration and uplift of .the nation she undertook. Upon the simple
ground of natural sanity, humanity,
sound sense and ever moral probity
she has far outstripped the Insanity,
blind fatuity, hideous Inhumanity and
awful hypocrisy of European despots
with their Infamous priestcrafts and
sacrileges. And 1 should uot be much.
Eiiv.jrised if (in the suicidal folly aud
slaoghter of Europe) Asia herself
should continue to free herself from
European despicable graft and greed,
I) combine witluour American democracies in a nobler and more enduring example of rational government
and human brotherhood.
Happy, indeed, the cause, the sour
and the social organism that, like a
sound ship safely ballasted and sailed
neither drifts and sags in the dangerous trough of life's sea, hor recklessly
flings out so much canvas as to topple
over. (For, alas, be lt ship or kite,
there Is no escape from life's sea and
■x'.'-- -save death. Sail and fly we must.
Life Is evolution, advance, unfold-
meut, enlargement and endless development. Indeed, science now assures us that nature and the vast
universe recognize no such thing as
death. It is eternal transformation,
reabsorptlon, reformation, till we
learn our life- lesson and our place
in plan. Wc must absolutely, learn
the principles of orderly co-operation
and harmony  of effort.   Everywhere
<-»1
fairness, the  essential   elements   or j natural progress is beauty by growth.
principles of   life, evolution and    ex-
__Wa hav*a__fl__gn/>ij j*ngP.v QMa»Jgo^ JiAnBlnn1_hy_pipjinR_,nf_hntJi_frftndAr).nt*M^J^
Don't forget we allow 5 per cent on
guaranteed.
all   meats.   Satisfaction
Phone 52, H, Northwood Mgr. |
.{USfSISIS^^
HBJBISJBJai^
t
To Sports Committees
The Fernie Coal Creek Excelsior Band is now
open for engagements.  Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc. Apply
THOS. BIGGS, Secretary,   Fertile, B. C.
HOW SHALL WE FIGHT THE LAWS
AGAINST NEOMALTHUSIANISM?
SUNLIGHT AND HEALTH
Sunlight !» nature's most powerful
drug. liut, as In Ui.- cam.' uf all druiia,
we should remember to use it discretely, for although I- contains
many health-giving qualities, It nlso
contains many that aro dangerous.
Suiillwitt is (-oiniiOMMi of various colored rtty*, of which the twist Important nro th* red; the blue tind tlw
ultra-violet. Th» htter
radium and the X-ray* among the!
mow? remarkable known physical pre-
noniena. Tliey destroy animal t!»i>ies
with -astonishing rapidity.
Mo»t of us, when on holiday, Immediately try lo net sunburned, regarding a good, rich tan a* a sure"
sign of improving health. A* a matter of tuft, there I* nothing pnrMeti.
Isrlv healthy about » tinned skin. The
1st) l* merely nature* sunshade
agalnut the ultra-violet rays: anil, if
the city man ba» a whit* tote, it Is
merely ber-xnif 'he soot In thc .Ur
serves to filter the minlijs?st. Red tight
In moderation is a »pleud*ld tonic (or
faded nerve*, but only when taken in
snuU dotes. The ltd ray* Ut stuttllght
er* th# ram* of    •■n*»«t*r*»V«»»     f»»«te
FOR  THE TALMUD
He who loves his wife as himself
uiul hoiiors her mure thun himself will
train hi* children  properly;  lu w:i|
meet too the fulfilment of the \era.?; jof 0„r rt)tr08riltit, iaWg
"And thou shalt Know that thore
Is
peace in thy tent, and thou wilt look !
over thy habitation   and   shalt   mitt -
nnthlne "
Itabbl .low* wild: "1 never call my*
rank with! wife 'wife.' but "home,* for ohe l--i|..e< '
makes my home."
He who noHsesM'S n knowledge of j
God a:»l 4 lUiOAltHk-u of man will not •
esifclly . onirnit a sin.
j       By Dr. Antoinette F, KonlkOw
! Men and women who take a strong
I stand against the law prohibiting tbe
j spreading of neamalthuslan Informa-
, tion, I. e., Information on the limit-
lug of ol'i'sprlng, often urge ns pnysi-
j clnim to do more thun mere protest-
! Ing. We are told to "act," to give
| Information in spite of the law; to
; force publication of this problem, and
| tlniH (bring about a change in the pub-
j lie mind and the decisions of the
; courts.
1 To conform with fucIi demands !s
' not easy, not only because lt is nol
'advisable to discard existing laws, but
j because the very presence of the
i laws brings about a peculiar'condt-
i tion of the public mind and creates
j a certain atmosphere around this
problem which makes any work in
connection with if extremely difficult.
Certuin wrong conceptions of sexual life brought* about the enactment
Aud the pro-
lilMtlon and secrecy made necessary
l»y the law when dealing witli th>
question of neomalthustanliitii called
.rn- ue i!«v*> |iie)uuni«» ill lm- muni ol
the public which appear fo be al-
:t:::sl   f-'.rn:*..;' >*'.,> fctiukii  tli.ti.  l',:*s  la.*.'
Itkelf.
It Is true that ethically this law
,*> of absolutely no value with the
average   person.      It    is  neltlur  r<
this question, so are medical books.
Sclcntlfc treatises on Sex LJfe also
give but lititle satisfaction. Every
physician has mainly to rely upon
his own experience nnd Investigations.
And these Investigations are -continually hampered by the attitude of the
laity.
Tho fact thai remedies of prevention oi' conception are lc the hands of
the quack, and the laity have necessarily made allof them, even the
best, absolutely unreliable. Tho Information about it is transmitted
usually on second-hand knowledge,
often by hearsay through friends,
neighbor* and chance acquaintances.
The fact that there nre no universal
remedies adapted to every case lt entirely forgotten, because of the existence of the prohibitive law, which
has removed tbe application of these
remedies from the only person fit to
handle It—tbe physician.
Intelligent persons who never would
tlream of undertaking treatments of
any kind without a medical adviser,
suddenly consider themselves able to
mo .uul iuIv|,-h: tcrUin ittu-itiukii,
though thoy are In dense Ignorance of
th« anntomy and physiology of thc organs they administer to, They are as
Iktle to blame at the physician. The
result of such general usage of cer
tain medical applications without tho
The Bible wa* given us to establish '' •I'MM. nor followed;  in fact, It  is;1"11*1'" of lhe Profession, brings about
'broken dally  by   about e\*%y other lh" l,a,ur8l re»ult—ftUure.
sexually mature person In the I'nited |    l,ow oflen a° m physicians meet
patients <who were advised to avolif
ponce,
lie who -Aroint* li** fellow men, even
In so small a coin a« a penny. Is as
wicked as if hq should take life,
lie who raises his hand agaln«t his
fellow In a passion Is a sinner.
lie not the friend of one who wears
'It- i'.oak oi a saint to *Q\et the de-
formlties of a fool.
; mates.   If every offender against thii,
A.*vi  were to receive the threatened: ff ch,tl,ren "n account of some
: ;i:ml»hment.   one-thlrd,   or   more, of j*f'^!','1, <«»pHc«tIons of their health,
jour population would be under sen-!who nev*"*«le»t drag on after having
KCIP VOUR WORKMIN
TV.H t^*-*"**.!   rt TV-  ,1.
Vac*   " I enriched    the    world    with    *ev*r»l
Thit t%v cannot *>* enforced, but It !morB cl>",>",i». ***k bora under great
has power enough to keep the prac '**»«•'' <"»«* suffering! These patients
tie* «f the prevention of conception U'M*,, "u kini °r «*»edlea tnd advices,
In its lowest, most unhealthy form, j r***,v#d in th* 1,»1",» tinder-pound
and leave it* management In fhe?
hands of quacks tnd Ignoramuses,     j
way. and finally decided that there ts
no reliable remedy tn existence.   Can
nnr. **•**. arm tt „.. . , , ■' ■
,,_.,   . . ... .      9. .    . I . .•-A ••••*»   :J9   -*.....4... .1    tttiMt* , .•—.*•»   ~.-m   -U.4.U   •MM-HM**.*,
light is very «<wrthlmr. and often t»rtnt«Iemnlovern t„ tbt* fit+\r*!b\\\t*< nt *tvti\t\ < *,-,-r ** *,-„,*,*  ,,..,,*, , „i. ,, l  ,     • Uls-ws-tud tint crm-V--   <n,fl  l-I^*  u«,*
«!lt 'nZr k01 TT7TT "Bd,BW,11"* °r "m,Hnt ","*>h"r^* of ™*™« ! ^xm investigation' and thus '"bring!"" hnI* "" to attain the »ec#Mary j ond'totem ~»u,!  tmm   and   r.U-
ralgia; but when take In targe doses! It may he possible by working shorl I trouhl, »„ 4rUto»l* twi the mwtIP)l,|»»*We Information! (SS*
^Jtlut W/M*a** a^r««*«»n «t»d m«4-.tim# to r*t«in m«» who *wW other.J iwofwwton.     Physician.    .,»   „„,„)   This creleMnes. of bom Mies  la|   fV» the om^ntlon of thtw glmg
ancholla.-An.wers. |w,se be dismissed.   Kvery employer (often forced to advise limitation   of \*» J"""0" «? <** «•»«•«« ^ ftrilSltoS for:
tions in the United States whose purpose it is to spread knowledge on sex
hygiene, but they are all conventional, biased and narrow. They lack
the deep scientific spirit, the broadness and fearlessness of this International organization. I see no other
solution of al! these sex problems
which are looming up so ominously
before us but a strong educational
campaign, supported and guided by
an enlightened organization. I hope
that this timid suggestion will find response, and that, in time, branches of
the albove-named society will find ita
supporters In a good ninny cities of
our country.
As only the pages of a Socialist organ can be found open for a free
discussion of unconventional mattor,
I find myself compelled to Intrude
upon these pages with the request of
reprinting some statutes of this society, The great changes of our economic life leuve nothing untouched,
Tliey branch out into literature, science and ethics, nnd first of nil Into
conceptions of our box llge, It Is not
Socialism that bring about theee
changes, as our enemies like to
charge. Socialism Is only sincere
enough, nlert enough, fearless enough,
Independent enough to register the
truth and work for It, if it proves
to be the normal development of our
times, thus bringing relief of unnecessary sifferlng and greater enjoyment nf the most Important «id> of human life.
I shall conclude by giving the readers ot this page the most important
statutes of the International Federation for Motherhood protection and
Bexual Reform.  They are:
Statue 4. The autonomy of the
self-constituted leagues and their Independence ih all ihelr own organisation and otherwise, especially In alt
matters relating to their national activities, remains wholly unaffected by
adhesion to the federation.
Hutute J. The object* of the federation are:
<«; The improvement ol Ike position of women as mothers In legal
economic and social direction:
fb) To protect unmarried mothers
and tbelr children against economic
and moral dangers, and to get rid of
tlie most serious prejudices ■gainst
worn, |H
'i'-j   {mini   un   *   U«l*tl.^k«{ tnm '
of force, whereby safe and sure equilibrium and steady advance Is assured
against wrack or ruin. Nature and
history are an eternal demonstration
of this necoB&ky. The growth of every
plant it Its beautiful Illustration.
There spirit and matter, plan anil
process, soul and body. Ideal and real,
possible and actual, power and fulcrum are ever one and In perfect
harmony of equilibrium.
With us, alas, In varied social economic and education conditions of
maladjustment   or    distortion,    ma-
It is out glory and  our privilege
to shirk,
ever our shame and Infamy
wound or obstruct.
Let us join forces with every sincere
honest human uplift and amelioration,
ever holding to onr ultimate and advancing Socialist Ideal, yet steadying
the ship of civilization In the crash of
worlds, and ever rejoicing" that the
bird is more than either Its .tall or
wings, the soul more than its 'w'y
and mankind Itself grander and moro
precious than any of his Inventions.
Here alone, enuoliled labor ls fitted
to triumph, and wlU.—N. V. Call.
Who is Your
Printer?
DO you ever consider
the importance of
oo the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
»*.«.,..   v.   .ttt   MU.M'
I tfenriM rntlfi- tn tin- ,--,.*, 9r. ■ i I,'**-,' .»*■-  ' yt    ^     .
If Kr»glan*i«»BMilM<«th«rallroedsj'hange Immediately any unsatisfied \ er, bat art onable to soggeet • reel
as an emergency war measure, why! demand for labor and any opportunity --- harmless remedy for the achievement
can't tm Government selae on the** *** have of employing more men.) of this purpose. Tike eaaee of kid-
railroads «• an emergency pent*! t'o wider* l>i»- demand* for workmen 1 ney trouble, or !»•« disease. wImhw
measure, to Insure the welfare of tbe (for nl' Hasne* of shipbuilding   and 1 It Is actually criminal to force moth-
jihlp-rwfwiWB**    are being made, nnd rrbood npm tlie  woman     tm  the
i«re itkfiy t* be made, mhtbnltot the anxiowe laqnlry of batand and wife
JMtnlratty ar of ccmirsirtor* Mifonefi * *<• *t*   nm*rmtton,   will »■»»»!»}•    ftn.f
people?  8ome day Socialist* will answer this (jacatlon.
I bey art' trjrttut to make Kaiser
Wilhelm tke "goat" for this sfcamefal
war. Tbe K.«!**f **»• a tool, nsd htn
keen discredited Tk* reel t*n»* ia
the wish of tbe i»aaters to maiatala
tfcetr graft oa ihe worker* of tkt
M^m^^mal^b A .i^AiaSAAtfi      ^tateMbAeAfc&MAiS      am**^^.      maim
watia.    ftmviiisn eapfi»i™f« er* ae
■sack ta Mg*e •• te Wllbtlm.
fk* MrtiMiiro.   Any ero^oylf bmiiig>ajy tbe silly widy, unworthy ©f the
ttmKitd workmen wbo arw not mi- J medical prttfewrioa:   "Oh. yon know
g*g*e4 m -iirffiti Government work and , tt yourself!"
whom r-.t would be willing to r*:«*«*,   And ike pkystcUa* aro actaaily not! tfl« wmtioa.  Ska potatad eat to me.
at abort notice for  sack  work,  *tn} to fttaine.    TNf  *»*»  kM**  mrl** mo et wt  1««*«f«* «*   th«t «it
tInn   ttt  ... ,
to at*. Aa a physician. K foand again
and again that women who fear moth-
hood mora than death, wm take
cbancet and prove themselves neglectful in soma small details of sexual
life which seem absotvteih/ mip#r*d*m-
*&>«. A woman myself, I became MU
ter arslnut mv aimer* for tbelr mp*r*
fSdallty and neglm,
U waa a plain, untutored working-
««aaa ako helped ma to *lear tp
Jgwsstly a.»i.t tke Admiralty If k* wintrkwnt* te **t n»f tnttmmttt*e ,-,f"i tjeet. tbnt   wtmmrt -~innnt V ftffRfttf [ wftjrttt,*
fire notice toMfct aeareat Ctckangc | raliaM*  eelenUfte  ebaracter  ibem-j^d "UaWe. wtmt tkt, katt loM aU
—HwwMe* ftowwmter-
tselves.   Medical colleges ara silent on!'1'"" Hd hops.   Instead of accepting
tot law teaeaiag ol eex mettera
Ir eehools;
(ot Itata Insurance of motherhood:
(f» Legal and nodal equality of «•
logltlraate with legitimate children:
(g) -Marriage reform la the coocom-
te. mont tnd f«p! domattw,
•Utate t. Aa neceaaary meant to
the attainment uf Ui-m nlim lu 4lf-
fetwat countries the federation indicates:
(al T&# formation of national mm
mmooe and national eodetles ror
motherhood pmrnOoe net nurrUge
anew.
dMeemmt tateraattooal eaaftr-
-N. Y. Call.
If you want realty high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
ub with your next order
Z*? District Ledger
"QUALirr PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :*:   Fernie, B.C. I)
Beware of
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Sold on the
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Liniment
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Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FEBNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
Max Adler's Guides
"He who Understands Understanding
Cannot Misunderstand."
By Ernest Untermann
WHY EDUCATE THE UNION MAN?
Passburg
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You're always welcome here
       » \	
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attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
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Ross Brothers *™2k
COLEMAN
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Wholesale Dealer
Wines
=Liquor=s~—
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Cigars
Mail Orders receive
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THE FERNIE
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Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
The Socialist publishing house of J.
H. W. Dietz Succ, in Stuttgart, bas
just published a work by the well-
known' Keokantian and .Marxian Max
Alder,   entitled   "Guides"     (German:
"Wegweiser"). It contains a collection
of studies contributing material for a
history of mental development.   The
author wishes   to   show   that many
thinkers before Marx pointed the way
more or less clearly toward Socialism.
Special chapters of this work are
devoted to Rousseau, Schiller, Kant,
Flchte, St. Simon,   Owen,    Weitllng,
Feuerbach, Stinner and Hegel.   Other
chapter, deal  with   the  early   beginnings of Lassalle and Engels. The real
purpose of the book is expressed In
Alder's wish to "call spbclal attention
to those Ideas of the German critical
philosophy which not only could lead
to Marx, but had to lead to him." (Tbe
principal guffle in this line of thinkers,  from   Adler's point of viewr Is
naturally Kant.
,'Marx is celebrated by Adler as the
"perfec-Jor of the German crltioal philosopher." But If Marx bad really
perfected tbat philosophy, It -would be
a very contradictory and useless undertaking for Adler to attempt any
further perfection of this perfector by
means of some Kantian material,
Nevertheless, this is precisely what
Adler -is trying to do. He wants to
prove that the materialist conception
of history, according to Marx, is so
incomplete in Its "social psychology"
that it must be supplemented by the
historical philosophy of Kant In this
way the so-called perfection of philosophy by Marx is denied by the very
same Xeokantlan worshiper who first
admired* this alleged feat.
To make his self-refutation complete, Adler also admits that even
Kant's social philosophy was "never
worked out systematically," but merely, just like the 'Marxian theory of understanding, "woven everywhere Into
the works of these thinkers."
.So everyone has to gather up tbe
different parts of the -Marxian theory
of understand and of Kant's his-
torlal philosophy from the various
works of   these   writers.   Naturally,
mitted by himself that   he'" himself
wishes to add to the work of Marx
and Engels by perfecting their theory
of  understand.    It  is  peculiar  that
he is blind and deaf to the work of
that    'Marxian     philosopher     whom
Marx himself acknowledged as a philosopher    master.     This    man    was
Josef Dietzgen.     His work fits completely into the fundamental 'premises
of Marxian thought.   It  fits  there so
•well tbat it enables us to recogniz-f,
understand and eliminate the logical
errors left in Marxism through the incomplete   theory   of  understand .^ of
the   founders of scientific Socialist.
But Instead of utilizing these valuable
hints of Josef Dietzgen for the practical purpose of   rendering   our work*
theoretically   and    practically   'more
consistent, most Marxians to this day
are content with llpservlce   to Dietz-
gen's philosophy.
Of course this Is also a proof of the
domination of philosophically Imperfect Marxians by a natural law. But
it surely is not an evidence of their
mental superiority over Josef Dietzgen.—N. Y. Call.
There still remain many members of
organized laibor, happy in their own
ignorance, who can see no benefit
that will accrue to the labor movement
from an educational campaign. Why
educaie the man who is in the organization when there are so many whd
are still on the outside? Why not
leave well enough alone by leaving the"
newly initiated member to paddle his
own canoe and get still more to leave
alone in tlieir turn? These are questions that are asked almost dally, and
being answered are asked again by
others.
In many fraternal organizations the
initiation is the smallest part of the
work;   various organizations    having
their secret and   degree   work   that
must be memorized by the initiate who
really wants to know the workings of
the order.    So it is with the Trades
Union movement.   While we have no
secret work and have dispensed with
the forms that are followed In frater-
nalism, there still remain many things
that are essential to the success   of
the organization that must be learned.
To a greater degree than in fraternal
work, the well being of a Local Union
depends on the co-operative effort of
the whole membership. The obligation
taken by   the Initiate   in   the   labor]
movement Is filled with valuable les
PAGE SEVEN
sons if followed out in his living, and
he or she must be taught the necessity
of the observance of these parts of
his or her contract.
The Brute in Man
every one who goes thus a-gathering
Full supply of following
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', Pork, Mutton
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Poultry
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If tbe worker had nothing to do but
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he would havo a cinch. It's making
a fortune for tbe boss and bis family
that keepi hint framed.
wmmmam
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.tem
imt
List of Locals District 18
i*
Name bet., nntl P. tt. Marri*
WWW Am Mint Wm, Marrii, Tatar, AM*.
Daattead...... JF. Whetlky. Oaafctwed. Alta.
bmtm Creek...........J. Lotakras, Botrer Cn-tk, via Ptao-har, Alta.
Bell»»*e....... ,,..Jamea Borte, Do* tf, BeUewe, Alta,
WstrwKW*... tw t* rb**'f**f9it,nr.i WaJr-ia;"-;, AJ-J*.
rtormla.... .....1.0. Harriee, Paaetxtn, AM*.
Carboadale. ...1. Mltcfcel, GeaboadeJe, Cottmee, Alta.
Oaomore.., Michael Warren, Cannot*, Aka.
Cole-wan.. ......J. Muteam. Coleman. Attn.
vOtfwiMIiitttiiiiiiH»iH IMNKi mKM4v GOPWB* B» Q,
Ckino-ib Mlnea... Ja* Homo,Cfclayok, tta Qteemi Oltr, AKa.
p—«-  to©* tmm, fnmi. v. c.
 ...Kvaa M«nt*a, fVaak, Aka-
....... W. M/ietWton* 11mmt*r, b, tt,
 tm, Gomm, HlHcreet, Alta.
U*hbrtdg«  I* Moore. 1331 Slsih Areas* tt. ttHibbrtdt*
le-tMwtts* Coljleflee... .I^w k Barrtngtatt, Ooalhoret Alia.
Wapte Lmf... .T. u. \Urrten, Vnonbott, Attn.
H«CvHNI * a * * * *, t«it««iv«» H *  KmWemwm jmwCmwW, ™, %J*
PlMNMBWIWe#*»•**•*•#♦■**•»• a* it. WUfH-W^ ItIMWWMWWi Am&,
T*b*r, A. VMAertoo, Tnbtr. Xdo.
(mrtntown, CnnmoTo...Mnt littler, Oeorgetorn. Canmora. Alta.
Prwcau Mines.* Harry McXeaae. Heriotg, via Reeky ilmnu
ala llmee. Alberta.
wants to prove. Por those -passages
which do not fit Into tbe conceptions
of the gleaners are naturally left out
Different gleaners come to different
conclusion. The net result of such
gleaning is tbe undeniable tact tbat
either the writers whose works offer
such widely different views must
themselves be contradictory, or the
gleaners must have torn their pas*
sages out of the context and inte-
preted tfy»m to their own liking.
Tlie literary gleaners then fly at one
another's throats. But the eager student turns away In disgust and declines to accept such a hash of re-
chewed cuds for the purpose of developing 'Marxian science beyond
Marx,
Evidently Marxian science cannot
be further developed by the self-contradictory lucubrations culled from
ancient books by Introspective analysts. Either Marx really did perfect
the German critical philosophy—and
In that case It would certainly be carrying coals to Newcastle to try ta perfect lilm si 111 more by the self-refused
theories of the Kant that lie had out-
grown—or Marx's work Is imperfect,
especially on the field of special philosophy or theory of understanding,
and In thnt case he did not perfect
either the German critical philosophy
or any other, hut must be developed
beyond hia own level. If he requires
supplementary development, then he
certainly cannot be perfected by
patches from the garments of thinkers who were na confused In the theory of understanding as Kant was.
It Is true that Adler denies nny
fundamental contradiction In ''Kant
He aays tbat the assertion of the deep
«-hasm between Kant's "Critique of
Practical Reason" and "Critique of
Pure Iteaaon" Is a "very vulgar opinion" which amounts practically to "a
prejudice of lasy thinking," But If
Kant could have liberated him from
the meshes of logical contradiction, be
would not he de**roying Ills own thesis by bis own unconscious refutation,
We do not *Uh tu der.) that Kant
crmtotn* passages whlrh emphasize
the domination of law In the devel-
opment of human thought. N'elther
do we deny that Mart did good preparatory work for he trnnsforiniitloii
of philosophy Into a natural science.
By Jacob Ax*lrad
.First man fought blindly for his own
preservation; now he pses his knowledge for the same purpose. Upon
the slightest provocation man will betray that atavistic!, tendency to assert
brute strength .and fly at his brother's
throat. .. Instead of using his Increased knowledge and accumulated
experience to struggle with his brother's intellect and seek conquest which
will leave no corpses, no streams of
blood and rivers of tears, the brute In
man asserts its supremacq—its ever
present authority.
In these -troublous times we are
apt.to forget that usch a thing as
civilization exists, and that men are,
after all, only. the struggling, blind
and helpless creatures that make up
that civilization, good, bad or indifferent, as it may be.
Evolution, has, from the inception
nfttesjdiseovsrs-Juet^hat-oach-one^^eiean-one-great -series-of-strug--
leaving In his wake devastation and
ruin, a sorry •civilization.
One might be tempted even to dispute all fact and all reason, and to
stoutly assert and maintain that man
fell from the angel, not rose from the
brute.    Yet   we   know it  Is not «o.
Reasonably and instinctively we know
that the flower of all creation and of
all time is this very humanity with
its foibles and with its strength. How
pathetic, how tragic it Is, then, that
we must acknowledge    the brute in
man.    But then,  thougb  we  do  acknowledge it—that Is not all,   There
are   those   yet among  us who   will
do more  than acknowledge—we will
explain,  and since knowing the disease is one-half its cure, we will ,in
time, eradicate1 that brute entirely, until the man himself shall stand forth
—the semi-god.
**•/     ..14.,-1*4.44.^    ,91*.     #-***
t,\ttOtXi1      Illlili!,I'    I'.n
• itt   M/v*ai  «*•»«■,*
fl'P'C*   Ami
gles over and against forces Inherent
in uature—forces that the pitiless in
thel, demands, and continuous in
their, severe exactions. The history
oi the -human race is a history of the
sturggles and victories of the contending elements ln nature, and man la
merely one of those elements—to c-jn-
tend as be is able, to conquer if he
can. And Just as mere mi^ht or
strength or physical prowess, without
any Intelligent or conscious backing,
has determined the conquest In other
elements of nature, organic or inorganic—In the animal., vegetable or
mineral kingdoms—so alao tho i-tatis
of the-human race has been determined!
The so-called laws of nature or
science existed before their discovery
—and played their part In the evolutionary process of the universe. Man
merely harnessed these discoveries to
the chariot of his own ego, to Use for
aud against others us occasion might
require for his own conquests. And
whoroas beforo he fought blindly for
hie own preservation, lie now cunningly uses his knowledge for the
same purpose. And this would be in
uo way lo his discredit, dtd it really
accomplish the purpose. *
But It does uot. (Hill unthinking,
though now knowing, man upon the
slightest provocation will assert that
inborn, Ingrown .atavistic tendency to
fly at his .brother's throat. Instead
of using his Increased and greater
knowledge nnrf fiertimntated exper!-
eiice in flying at tils brother's Intel-j
leet and seek conquest which will
leave no corpses, no stream of blood
and rivers of tears, tbe brute in mnn
asserts Its supremacr—it* evef present superiority,
This sems pecullar—and undoubtedly Is a matter to marvel at. That
Is, (f you do not understand tb* underlying causes that, notwltlmiitiidliiit
the thousands, perhnps minion*-of
years of »iett*»rment in thins* ant-
mai and in human evolution, never
thole** bring recurring destruction
and demolition of hnman institution*
It really tioei teem m»»t Ine&pll-
cable that not»ltli«tand»fig tin* toil
nud travail of thu souls of iuh», im»Ui
Ing at all seems to have be#n accent-
pll»lv*4 toward tbe brotherhood of
h-im-i. Hleni* of tbt* tttttrntt a**i*ttr*ir. <«
'(the face of fair   snd   frnltfw! condl-f' J„ ,,' ,
The struggle for existence, preser-
■vatlon-trf—Hfet-the—:primal-instinct-^
these have always stood tfs sponsors
to the brute in man. But though these
truths are as applicable today as yesterday, yet we know that they should
no-longer be held accountable for the
scurvy and the wicked and the inhuman   practices   of   mankind.   They
bave been made the scapegoat of civilization long   enough:   there is   no
longer reason for It.  'Where once the
earth waa antagonistic to the welfare
of the human race, it is bountiful today In its productivity.   Where once
Ignorance enslaved    mankind   today
knowledge   performs   that   function.
What   ahould be  ploughshares   are
rifles.   What should be love Is hate.
What shduld be co-operation Is contention.   Men must yet learn that it Is
better for them, from the purely selfish standpoint—the one  that seems
to carry greatest weight with It—-to
hammer  thelr^    swords  Into  ploughshares, their sabres Into scythes, their
hale Into love, their contention Into
co-operation, their   brute   Into man.
The   brtitp  will   ho   eradlcutotl   hy
practice^—by .habit- Just uh It became
powerful through   habit.   That habit,
or attitude toward all other men, will
bo Instilled   only   hy the conviction
brought home   to   men that It is   to
their own  Intercut    to   do so,   For,
finally,   selMnterpitt   dominates   and
determines all   our actions,   all our
deeds.   It matter not what you may
Member-ship in any organization is
contract with   the   membership,   not
alone with the Local Union, but'with
all affiliated Locals, and this contract
should  be lived  up  io religiously  if
we would secure the best results from
our collective efforts.    Once impress
the conscientious member  with    the
importance of his association with tbe
balance of the labor movement and
you   will  be  saved  the  necessity  pf
disciplining him.    The modern movement exacts a pledge from the members that they    will    patronize     the
Union label whenever possible, yet If
this one pledge was lived up to hy
the over two millions of members of
the American Federation of Unions, it
would  be difficult to purchase non-,
labelled goods in any line.o Yet in the
face of this pledge and the fact that
hundreds of -labor papers are weekly
calling attention to the necessity for
■label patronage, the one Union collar
factory in the country Is giving employment to but six people.
Some Union men who have c-arrled
cards for years are of the opinion that
Stetson hats tbe Union made. A few
days ago an active worker in one of
the Local Unions of Wyoming attend-
ant at a convention In Cheyenne, told
the EJdltor that he never heard of a
Union labelled necktie. Knowledge
of various labels are only a part of the
necessary education of a Union man,
but it is an esential part and until
this is so inclucated in the minds of
the organized workers that It will become second nature to them, the education must go on.
"I will never knowingly harm a
brother or sister member or see them
wronged." These words are full of
meaning; they are the very foundation stones of brotherhood, yet how
often have you heard a member take
this obligation, to break It within a
few Hours?
Any Unionist that lives up to the
obligations as a member cannot be
anything but a good citizen; he will
have the confidence and esteem of his
associates and the respect of his employer. Every man and woman admires another who claiming a belief, makes an honest effort to live up
to Its tenets. We have all failed in
these things in tbe past and in that
measure have been recreant to our
trust. The 1'nion mau who ls a Union
jnan__lrom-the-meeting-Iniir,~thTOUgir
his  personal  associations of
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every. Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock in K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Mciklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Alello's Hall -Second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657,
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F., Jas. Madison.
LOYAL ORDER OF
•    MOOSE
■Meets every other Monday
at 8 p. m., in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. New'nham.
1     Secretary, O. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
LOYAL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, N'o.
224. meets in the K. P. Hall
secoud and fourth Friday of
each month at 8 p. m.
iMRS. J. BROOKS, W. iM.
■*W. ORR, Secretary.
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHTOX. W. M.
J. SKILLING, Rec. Sec.
4
I
the Interim, back to tbe meeting hall is the
man who is the real force In tbe
movement. Let the Ixjcals educate
their memibeVshlp to be true to their
obligations and we will have more of
them; a stronger and better membership, fewer strikes and a better
citizenry.—Wyoming Labor Journal.
It Is too early tp predict the outcome of the war. "Teddy" has not
yet announced on which side he will
fight—with his Jaw.
Civilization has made wonderful
advancement. At one time they fought
wars of conquest. Now—they still
fight wars of conquest.
Congress is now considering a bill
authorizing the Issuing of currency
against warehouse receipts, Why not
Include pawn tickets?
A. Macnell S. Banwell
MACNEIL 4. BANWELL
Barristers,   Solicitors,   Notarise,   Etc.
__Qffieest
-Ground-JHesr,-8ank-ef-
Hamllton   Building Fernie, B. C.
C. Laws Alex. I.
LAWE 4 FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Pernie, B. C.
Flaha*
SHOOTING SEASON |
BEGINS SEPT. 1st
heen tho history of man, writ In the
•tniggles of iho owe agaiMgt t|lw ol)ier
instead of tlm one with the other.
There is Just now raging a mighty
war in   the   civilised   world.     And
workingmen   of   one country   stjml
against wurkingnien in another country;    Tlilu |m Just ttiiotlmi' maiflfesta.
tlou of thn brutu In man. still |M»r#t»-
verlng   because   of tho stupid dlsre-
gard of common sense and fact-  Tlilu
do  or  contemplate   doing, there   is j they say is "our" country.   Therefore
some selfish motive behind it,    <"er-;wu tlglu for it.   So, say I, tt is not
talnly thia need not lw n mere pent-"your couiitry—iinr   nn* vnu   flp'.Mnij
nlnry or material motlvo.   it may be for It.   Vou think you are satisfying
a   natural   urge,  a heroic   sai-riflr*. « moral craving, foolishly csllwi p,|.
a response io one's inner nature,   Vet j irUiUani, yet you slaughter each other
It Is a response—an egotistic answer— j f«r no personal reason at all.   Vouri
a satisfaction either moral or spiritual,' *eifl»hne*s in Improper,    I t*wM for
as well an at other   limes,   and fnr «lve yo« were It "your" country you
other seanon** a natlsfaction material j »rn righting for, Um ! ktioH that It Is
or physical.   There Is some HBll«fai    Jcur country su lot k st* you are able
Call and see us before
setting out  for your
fall hunting trip
tion, and that makes It selfish. This
law !* universal. It is not at nil tm
proper. The IrouWe lien wilh our Improper nppttr.it Inn of what 1» or !'
mt iiii»,i,c-tioii. An,l n-vhi here >e
face the l*mj»ond«.'.»hl * ftct thai U*
major'!;- <*' »*•*. !<.*»! •,.< Uinu-tii'.
i»en»* '! -;tl!*f.i; *io;i. ;.« erro-it.-wi♦
view nl their own ero. Heir*,
thoiiiH lhi»j are »»*«• i<r »« se|f|«)ii>
md tinretn'ttiliigly 'or the taUsfatituit
nf tfielr wiititN, itietiMl, iiwr.il, aplrlt*
wal, or physical, those runts are lm-
MM«t«.*-»*»,TiM|*-*rti,   at   •»'*
-nm***.-.*,**:.
lo tMimmrm the brute In you again**
lhat of >«.iir brother ,nn.l m> long ,,„
you are u.pjui i„ u,«. t«w wha Ut,p-
fr«m off w* l,.mj.,(jt,ilj   ahll „;,(m, .,.
ihe apoiis.    lie  mtmii If  you  »,))
»->»!  I aay you  ihfiuld   bin  at   i,.,,,.t
*   •.    it    *l     ,.<i,i    ,»*,>u    ;tif94   {j,,,   fttlHftf-
thereby.
Thst f* all. The worker U tuAthb]
enough, bin t,,r anoMier not hinm.lf
Ami he u-Mitdtrr» **lier«. Hi,, iron Me
In. Ills gin* of hi* iir.nt.ni nm imt
voluntary. »»«| be **oud«r» why he
««- Mwt Rut u,tn, utmamtt.   And this
Parol*.
Prank,,.., ,
Hownt?	
imkrwrt...,
termine human thought developine-nt,
IMt we do «at»rt and prove moat emphatically that neither Kant nor Man
supplied its with a systematic tutti con-
.'.*:..;.'j ,■..*-,».I.'.*-k.   iwUvutji wit uuu-B-i-
ttandlng.
| lions ami |K»»slbllllte».   are   number-
j lean. The brute tn man is discernible
in tlm k)*tiii«t, or in ibe penitentiary,
or   lu   the   morgue   of intellectual
pert***      «H» sll   tn»nd»    tittit arart.
where this brute, as yet  the more
~~—"*" i powerful of the dual personallttea of
Of conrae. we do not nnd fault with j ev(,ry mn    ,tal)u   th(t Mmi   of
Adler for hnntlng op connections In
the worts of other writer*, which
must have been overlooked by Marx
and Kmrela, If tr* ttiek to tb* Ttet tknt
their theory of nnderatanding remained lnemBr>le»e ttot tf we git
b n Ml ng for rwi portion;*, we can find
wore valuable mtaertal In tli* works
of tbinkera   who  went consletent in
lands,   and   the happiest of abodes.
»nw*« Tttt* ,
We offer (mn Itundrad Ilollara Re-jr<,T* '** v*ry ,<w *ho h*f#  *
iitrA tor any **»* of /V.irrfi tha: cmx {v^*f*" ""n*A rtf -t'«-i"
li!   '',.' i..!'.'.. •    j .*-:,   ,'','  l.     'I'i.t    Hiitt        ' '■       '  - X- '*,*■' <.i,    «»*rt    U»   iUkHUUU*
lug rtak**,   though  It  U.*a  tho derJre,imi dJ-WMtW-i'llon. mi Ki ineviliablf
that it a**k* to satiety, yet mtem.t'm ■ hatred   nnd   Mtttnat., *!I   tbt*t- btt.p
methods thai are contmdlctory  ind;*"** ***** •»«»«* •» »•»«» which, scent
way that   are   brutal.   They do not! ,n* Mtm** «**■* ""'d *Hh fervar for
to aid themselves and to accomplish i **»H « «**r be ihns? The answer
tbe perfertton ,not only of desire but i'» <*'*•' *M >«"» hot bear tf and he»r-
of aatistactlon, they must cooperate I •»«• understand. That hntte t-tnm'
tot this end with their brother*, and j *'* «rad!cnl«4 from the aonl of man
not contend affilnst them For while {•»»« «h« mnn himself t« eleanswd
ther eontrtttt ntnie*t *tirb .vh.T  the' A»d fhfi» fttn only b* «-h,*n If duti
4t.jhave gotten rid of the tortures and
We have the largest Assortment of Rifles, Shot.
tttttm, nuuiiunition * Camp*
*). D. QUAIL
Phone- .IT
riRNii  -
t«»i be cured by Half* Catarrh Cm
k j.immur tam..t»i«i».o.
We, tli* «n4er«lir*iHNt. t.*a\r knttmn r
i ftit'tm i«i th* ll nm***. mtiA tmHara
........ Mm iii'rrt'fity tiiiiinrsnl* In «u tmnlnriu
the scUntirk •taboratloo o( !h»ir thr~ ''»"»-"*•'• **n timetimm «•"; "
ory ot andentaiMl, and «j» u im1-^ "tH »,,K •»»»«'«»»« —•* *>* *»
rtmrnt m to r*t**t a portion of their'   J,AT|I«•,'*• "t*5«K *>»"* mjiMKWE
work. In order to fit the remainder 1. tMt* t'*wtkfut* i* tmkaa* tmtemei.
Into tbe tmum e*f tr.«f.> J™"™"" If, mtttm 4lr*ert1y mpm the ttlmA mini
»nio me rrame or Maman science.     |»iii'«> i"irt»ce» i.r o,^ n*„ti*m   Te».
« M-ni rret-    l'ik# 3* tarn* pet
<*»M l.v mil lh"*>«Kl«'.
Tuk.- ll«ni"« r<»mllv infi» f«»r *n*««t|.
;»»tl->'»-
The «ncoe«U«eBcy  of  m mn1mn jUwjmi-.^e^frej..
mentioned by Adler it ao plainly id*   T*k'' "■,,i" ^miiv
.it;.
imt ion. itrntp firmer nnd J.im»r the
poasfhltltfe* far their .mien-lm* »ml
f^ntlnastlon at the cost of fhe multitude ot  working  men unit worttng
'tit-trttfbt-t.  •?!•*   1*i„- tl   ,    _u_  u.9tf
' hr?nk» ot lUI* cii.ii/tiiitii     An4   that
r*n   only   b*   *th*»   thn H»l»lf«fton
KING'S   HOTEL
IUt» k—tpm nitte mr !»rwe tn "tar-t
t»a*. for It keep* alite the inherent
!»)n*t!fe of the enttr-   jirmeitiite    ft
pe*Ttt«lt*« ihe bnt* H km, as thej
ottmm Ot the man h'atself    tt b»
I shall   be   emlw-lv rbetmed    Tbat !*!
the ao»i*l of the Marfnlt«t. and thn^ | H»r *wptdbd with  the  lie»t  Wine*.
i2l*'i  furl} ■ |^|Wir» mmt tinmt*
Ih* towtttwft td ik* Ao,
V  V  fit'
ShihhhGun
mm «w«»? r::! -!f^^t \ w. ■ms.
OlSIMi  ftftflMI   t?f IliXWmYtOX
M
M
*m M^^tf-a-fc,.,. ngtuSf-5
&s$ss$s%mt&im
!SS5
-I' ■..
-- /'
?^r*^*^1*^*'*?lJ*i*
S'lS"??*?   ^*^'
l>AGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 29, 1914
r
No Inflated Prices
\
Boys School Suits
Saturday $4.00
Kvery mother .should tako advantage of this
spui-ial offer of boys' school suits.
Those are made from thu liest.imported tweeds
in brown, greys and mixtures, made in the double-
breasted style, with bloomer pants. Sizes 6 to .12
years.    Saturday and Monday $4.00
$4.00
BOYS' SCHOOL PANTS
Hoys' plain knickers for scliool wear .at clearing
prices for   Saturday.    Made   from   good,   strong
tweeds of dark color, well lined.and very strongly
made.
Our Saturday price, per pair 75c
MEN'S HEAVY COTTON SOX
This Saturday we will sell men's heavy cotton
sox. very strong and durable, at 10 pair for . .$1.00
Don't miss this chance.
•EEEIBfijil^
We are agents for the Twentieth Century, 1
Wm. H. Irishman, Coppley, Noyes & Kendall, j|
and Hamilton Tailors, Limited. Call and see |
our big range of samples. We guarantee per- i
feet fit. |
See us for your fall suit or overcoat. §
jaj&ilJiMEJnMiy^^
WELL PILLED  COMFORTERS,   SPECIAL AT
$2.25 EACH
The time to think of comforters is close at hand.
A word lo the wise is sufficient—we have a complete range—oue dandy special at $2.25. See it.
The range of prices runs from $2,25 to $25.00
WHITE AND STRIPED FLANNELETTE,
SPECIAL AT 2 YARDS FOR 25c
Eight yards for $1.00. Shown in a good quality
for washing and wearing. White, cream and ivory
striped.   Extra special. 2 yards for  25c
BATH AND LINEN TOWELS, EXTRA AT 20c
Shown in a big range of good washing and weaving qualities. Rig sizes, plain and fancy. Extra
at, each  ". 20c
CURTAIN  NET  AND   SCRIMS,   SPECIAL  AT
25c PER YARD
Plain and bordered scrims for windows and door
curtains, made from good, strong qualities for hard
wear.   Special, per yard 25c
ONE YARD WIDE MESSALINE DE SOIE,
SPECIAL $1.50
Pull 36 in. wide, a perfect finish and lustrous
satin for afternoon and evening gowns, will not
cut or split wilh continuous wear'. Every color.
Thirty-six inches wide   $1.50
FORTY  INCH  WIDE   GHARMEUSE   SATINS,
SPECIAL AT $2.25 PER YARD,
(.'hat-mouse satin— a perfect "wearer and extra
good for draped or tunic dresses.   The finish is permanent and lustrous. All colors. 40 in. wide at $2.25
EIGHT DOZEN SILK WAISTS—TO CLEAR AT
$2.45
Values as high as $f>.00. in good styles and splendid wearing silk waists. A fair range of colors and
sizes.   Extra, each $2.45
IMPORTANT
Unusual values represented in this line of serge
and Panama dresses at $6.50. Shown in colors of
* black, navy. tan. brown. Copenhagen. All sizes from
34 to 44. This dress rauge .$6.50 is worthy of early
consideration, as the former prices run up to $10.50
and $11.00.   Special, each $6.50
CHILDREN'S WASH DRESSES FOR SCHOOL
WEAR, SIZES 6 to 14, $1.00 EACH
It is big value and one we emphasize as a particularly good buy. The selection is large and
varied and we urge early selection.   Special. .$1.00
MIDDY BLOUSES, $1.00 EACH
Sizes 8 to 38, plain white, also trimmed in red
and blue.   Regular $1.50, each :$1.00
15 DOZEN WHITE LINGERIE WAISTS, AT
$1.75 EACH
We are enthusiastic over the values of these
waists; you will be wiheh you see thein.' It's seldom such !i waist value as this comes your way, so
we advise an early seleetiou. "Regular to $4.75. Extra special for  $1.75
CHILDREN'S TRIMMED HATS AT HALF PRICE
Choose from any raidyjtrimmcd hat included in
the children's range.   Just half prices marked.
FOOTWEAR
LADIES' EVENING SLIPPERS
Very newest, styles and up-to-date lasts in
American made slippers. AVe have two new Hues
this season, of the best American goods, in satins,
velvets and suede, also Matt culf and patents. AYe
invite you to inspect these lines of high grade footwear.
SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY—CHILDREN'S
SLIPPERS, SIZES 8 TO 10V2
Wc have a few pair of broken lines in patent,
tan and black vici leathers, with medium heavy
soles, made with ankle or instep strap, good serviceable shoes. Regular values $2.00, $2.25, $2.50;
special for Saturday, per pair $1.65
MEN'S FOOTWEAR
Special line of men's tan shoes and Oxfords, at
greatly reduced prices. These include our best
makes, Invictus and Just Wright lines. Odd lines
we intend to clear out at great, reduction. See bargain table in Men's Shoe Department.
1.05
1.25
.40
.35
SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY AND MONDAY
Regular $1.00 galvanized tub. for $.90
Regular $1.25 galvanized tub. for	
Regular $1.50 galvanized tub. for	
Regular 50c galvanized pail, for	
Regular 40c galvanized pail, for	
Reacting Washing Machine, reg. $8.50, for..$ 7.50
Snow Ball Washing Machine, reg. $9.00. for 8.00
New Centurv Hand Washing Machine, reg.
$11.50, for    10.00
Easy Washing Machine, reg. $10.00. for...._. 8.50
Velox, Power, Washing Machine, reg. $19.50.
for 17.50
.-Money-Sav-'
ing Prices
Vi
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL   AND COAL CREEK
SUBSCRIPTION'FOR TH
AND ORPHANS OF HI
E WIDOWS
LLCREST
William Wakelem .....
Flathead Hotel, Corbin
A. M. .Allen 	
,1. W. Jones . .■,'	
\V. .Montalbetti ........
D. Stobbart  	
T. dark 	
KublU ..*,..,■....,...
Trehearne	
friend 	
dough   ...,..,...,.
Fairly  	
Donald Cameron  	
.1, Quimi	
II. Hrpwn	
W. Sulehuk 	
Wtll,   i'oltttfi'CiUII    	
Win. Walker* 	
Jim Clark  	
Tony CaHtella 	
R. Carbutt	
A. tlaytnii	
T. Overtoil	
II, Oft'ftiH  	
.1. HtratiRh 	
1, ficobic 	
Mike Koslcah  ,
Paris llarretelli  	
iy, *    VV' '»;•'•
Tlioiim* Owen*	
\!*i*t l,vn<'h
tt, tftobbart   	
$ :i.0o
10.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Calabolrie
K'?ti*»'i* ....
Robb 	
I  MrHue .
(Jnodall .,
T. Ball  ..........
Steve Samkorltch
(Jeorge Saniteh  ..
M.   Scoble   	
J. Krkosky	
.Mlktt Sky cry pies  ,
A.  Frolic   	
lOd j Milt/' Luke	
IdO 1.1.  Lawrence   .
1.00 ,0.  liobart,  	
j.00 ! To"*)' Cosma  	
l.Oo j li J. (Joode 	
1,00 j Mike Yuzak 	
,'-00 j John Griffith*  ...
1,00 j Mike Farris 	
100  Steve  Meanuk  ...
1.00 j— ■Wuliulla   	
1 OO; Vote Matvlcbuk ..
l^o' J ol) ii  St a 8   	
1,00 j-Mm OviiiBibn ..
1 00 Tony Laure'.U  ..
1.00 j Zrc.*p Perto 	
l.OO' tin}-*  Kalyk   	
1,00 j IlrUHH   (illUIlti|IM   .
l.dO • Will, ilarliu .....
1,00 ' Jam** Clarke  ...
l.„(|! Wm.  Hell   	
1.00! *•*• Vox-en	
1 ooi Vote Luklan .....
1,00 • Mik«« Km hum ...
t no ? Phillip Itrwuleh .
1 00 • Jim Coon! 	
1 oo' M. llln«o •
1 f,o   M itt llurito 	
1.00   Metlall Angelo ...
I wi i Kd Jm-iiwiii  	
j.iHtlWm. Wlnyk 	
i.oo|w. i;;*inf«-...t  ...
1,00' A fritniil	
.50
.50
.50
.75
.50
.50
•>>
.50
.50
.50
,50
.00
.50
.25
.25
.50
.50
,50
,50
,:.(i
,-1,
or,
.50
.25
.75
.50
.50
.511
Sam Joy .....
•J. Truba 	
M. Mynahuk .
M. Sksuron ..
A friend .....
Total   	
.50
;50
.50
.50
 .$68.50
PASSBURG'S CONTRIBUTION
Passburg, Aug, 24, 10H.
ISdltor District Ledger:
We beg to acknowledge, through the
column* of your valuable paper, the
following, lu connection with the.Hlllcrest relief fund:■" *
Number of ticket* sold at %1 each:
Received  through   the   Leiteh
Colliery off lew	
Nat tiran* ,	
Tlio*. tayskoh ,,,	
Tiiog, Harrieu	
Davenport Coal Co.. per Ii. I).
Phillip* 	
II. Chester 	
a splendid opportunity to secure genuine bargains ln stationery and fancy
good*, leather goods, penaws, fountain pens, razor strops, cameras and
photographic accessories, 'athletic
goods, fishing tackle, patent, -meiU
cines, toilet preparations, etc. Post
cards Jnay be bought by the pound or
hundred weight, as desired. There is
stock of nearly fifteen thousand dollars to be sacrificed and the proprietor intends that it shall be told.
% 70.00
■UHl
13.00
7.WI
0.00
1,00
..$110.00
..■•'
M
M
,50
.75
Fire Sale!
The whole of our $15,000
stock will be offered for
sale at a reduction varying from 25 to 50 per cent
SALE STARTS SATURDAY
AUGUST 20th 1914
Amount received ,..,
Expenses
Frank orchestra   ....$18.00
'.-, | Hull rem     7.«0
51 Printing, per District Ledger....   7.00
5,1
Amount expended    $30.50
Net prwlH II4I.&0
Forwarded to A. J. Carter cheque
for I7S.50.   The committee withe* to
,.".() ithank   everyone  for  the   assistance
..Mi | given ln connection with ihe above.
MI    On behalf of the «omniittee,
THOS. V,, HAUMm,
Secretary,
Heaver Mine-*, Aug. 22, 1*14.
A. J. Carter, feral*, 0. C:
H-mr Sir tml ltroib#f—Re tltll-erest
dhaiter r*iM tnntt: Knttamd you will
Und < u«rMu«- lur tkZM, proceeds «f ttiw
benefit i\»im- Sn aid of tht above fund.
We wmiltt h»ve fonr*J*l*««l th*e *-h<*«jtie
imoner, hut wome of the collertort had
not gotten all thoir ticket money In.
A. W. BLEASDELL'S
DRUG STORE FERNIE
Notice To Workers
Hossland, i). €., Aug. 19, 1814.
To all Local Union* of the .Western
Federation of lllnera:
We, the undersigned Executive
Hoard of Itonsland Miners" Union
38, W. V. pt M., desire to warn all
men rrom outstde camps not to
tome to Hossland at the present
time.
The Consolidated Company is the
only company working here at the
preset! l.
The Le Kol 2 bas closed down
throwing 150 men out of wot*.
Thc Consolidated Company are
i.ui ai -iii-w*tU ia-UiM'.ns thoir
force*, so those 150 men cannot
find work and there are aim a larpe
number of ootsWc men here, mak-
Ing In all over 200 men out of work
aud no prospect at thfi present
lime of getting work,
We ad*lse aU men to keep mnt
from liosslsnd while these conditions prevail.
Signed by the Ktecuttve Hoard
lt<»»«land Mtntr*' Union.
WSS STOUT,
Preattfent,
w. a ii-owf,
Vlee l»re«««e«t
<IHt>. IHSUWAU*
mrHitmimrj,
E. CAMPnKM.,
P, MEAD.
Buster Brown blew into camp last
Saturday and took in the picture show.
Kd Beaver, of F. Lehel's Btore, left
for Calgary in the early part of last
week, on a fortnight's holiday, but
no doubt Ed will combine pleasure
with business. George Crosby and
Wade Huff are conducting busings in
his absence.
For the past few weeks there were
no pictures shown at the Pioneer
Hall, but the Lyric continues to give a
good show and free dance on Situr-
day nights.
The total receipts for the benefit
dance In aid of the Hlllcrest disaster
relief fund amounted to $62,60, It
was forwarded to A. J. Carter, Ferule.
The haulage staff and the tipple men
were idle last Thursday, owing to
the chutes hfliifi empty. This was eald
to he due to the number of men who
preferred that attraction of the saloon
bar to that of the mine in the early
part of the woek.
The war hetween Austria and Hun-
sia was fought almost to a finish at
Slav town last night, but owing to a
strict censorship details cannot. be
published. Judging, however, from tbe
number of black eyea, cut heads and
otber marks of esrnage the battle
must have been both fierce and determined. There were no prisoners
of war.
Jack Morrison, formerly of Coleman,
who started here about a month ago,
palled out to seek hts fortune ter*
ther north. We wish yoa success,
Jerk .
From what w* .ran learn, another j
good order has been «ee«red for
nearer coal, and as the output was
scarcely equal to tke demand, more
men will be required to supply tbe
fresh order, (Might switch a few ot-
den down thle end, John.—Kdi
'■>•)*)"   i*;*.'   *bt\t   tiltst*   nl  Xt\t*   W-.P1>   b*k'
\bvi for «*me months, and that the I
i number of mra employed Is but small.)
! tke proceeds are not too tmt,
j    Kindly have tke amount aeknowl-|
*        ! ,    ,,       ,1 1   .  .».,,   --      ...,*■:  *',., '
.*•*••"• ' ■ *    4 I *., .
' Y«*r» fraternally.
JOHN LOrC.IIUAN.        j
{ See. Local 111.
HUOt tALI OF iALVAOI OOOO*
Martin* Usturdsy tn-xt tbt *»o)ei
:td A. W. Weedeirs sie** ef fsney?
' twtdn, *tstl»««ry. <*H*t ^r*^*»r*tk»««
* and patent medicines will be sold at n
'jw&wt'i&n tntftm frOTJj 21 t» '■* pet
\tmt.  MpPf et   the   t*wd*   ott*r*d
* km* b*tm eUiktly &*v**M*d by
> »a»eke. wk«e li tmm tn*** tke pub-
AM d»«r tf ttterme. Ktrrytbvm.
f hewet^r. trttl m mm nnd tb** win b*
bravrr mmm hotw
ttamttmmam Iwmm Nff Vomtl
te tiie sorktis *u t/e,nWttt»m tt titer
Health tbey produce, but pstriollsm.
tat* hetred sed iv4l«le«s M«fe«ry bnn
so poisoned the mtnds end eoddenee
ihc> breies of moet yrodncera that It
rwmires n war greater tksa thst td
the element* to remote the obstacles.
Will the present war be ntpnnt to tke
omsleft. Mr. Bditor? OM Jofcs
xMnk* \x mill
itm tasgfcitt*, fen»e»lj Weeksaltk
at liest*r and .tal*? at tnncner Creek,
started work tost week at Coellwnt.
LtmrtJ* UtVi.V.tn*. late ef Cm*-
knrat, started ««rl keee • fortatgkt
age nad last week tmrthesed Out ter-
nttwtn end memo* ksto tlw
tstety *wrttpt*d  ef  mm- *
e-mnwtt jrwwWrwBWmo*
OVtftttAt  CONTIMOtNT
Hat of mon enlisted from tbe Fernlo dtsttki   Ihrttlal*   CohswMii,   fo*
........thi   ,.i**m**99   t«   ,»>«  fn-fttattm   ttftn^
t-titlllTil'tv*'
Hiii*. L«fa*
W5IbS»iwi!iii, WJIfwd iMwTStd
Me>fally. Stephen Joseph
trmtt.   trO*n Tt^t-ftftrfl
Mill*. Welter C, V.
XetblH. Percy Howee
Robertson. Atettnder Presto*
Ileerbam*. Hoytnom
Itryent, llesektok Arthir     ,
-."Va-.*-*. iobn
Uelebraok. Kent
rtm.irt.  t'boniee
Cotes. Herbeit R
*!**»*, I sum* 9.
Andre * s, Wltllem II.
Nadeau, WIKam Wtm
thtne. William Jebe
hixtein. -immam Jeeepils
Irt^mm^mitotm     I09aa_________m
awmmmm, wnorow
<
i
J
Grocery Specials
For Saturday
AVhite Beans, 4 lbs $ .25
Bulk Coeoauut, ner lb '.    .25
Bnird's Best Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs 85
Red Seal Jam, 5 lb. pails     .50
(Ws & Blaekwell's jied Currant Jelly,l lb jar   .25
Chiver's Jam, a lb. pails  ( .75
Lombard Plums. 2's, 2 for     .25
Valencia Kaisins. per lb 'A     .10
Golden Dates, per lb 15
Evaporated Peaches, 10 lb. box  1.10
Nanaimo Salt Herring. 4 lbs 25
Pure Lard, 5 lb. pail 80
Chiver's -Marmalade, 4 11). litis *,    .60
Aylnter's Pork and Beans, family size. 2 for...    .25
Toilet Soaps, assorted, G fo» 25
Swift's AVhite Laundry soap. 7 for 25 .
Pride of Canada Maple. Syrnp. <|t. irlass 50
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 2 lb 65
Tetlev "s Green Label Tea, per 'lb 30
Tetley's Red Label Tea, per lb ,    ..40
Lyman^s Talcum Powder, large size     .25
' Gold Standard Pure Malt Vinegar, qt 25
White Swan Washing Powder, 3 nkgs 20
. AVhite Swan Yeast Cakes. 6 for     .25
INFANTS'POODS
Allenbury's No. 1 and No. 2, large 85
Allenbury's No. 3 45
Nestle's per tin  7 , 45
Horlick's Molted Milk, hospital size  3.50
Horlick's Malted Milk, medium size 90
Horlick's Malted Milk, smhll size 45
FRESH FISH
The prices of all meats have advanced, but not
so with onr salt water fish! which i.s both wholesome and delicious. Our provision department will
receive fresh shipments of all hinds of fish every
Tuesday and Friday morning.
Friday's prices arc as follows:
Fresh lialibut .12i/2c per lb.
Fresh Herring  12%c per lb.
Fresh Salmon  15c     per lb.
AVe advise morning shopping.
LtBv
The Store of
Quality
wJ.
Cttlton, Thomas Edwin
Fraser. David Sangster
Eriekson, Anton EdMn
iMcArthur, Neil
iMacLean. John Forrest
Ohattaway. Charles Alfred
Osborne, .lames Arthur
Mitclilnson, Thomas
A'lckers, James
MeOulre, Thomas
Learmoud, James Keiiwlck
Oourdon, I^otils
Harper, Archie Alcorn
(Thlbault. Alclde
Price, William
Snowdeii. Robert
Crlt'liton, Robert
Hnggati, Inmca
Minton, Harold Kdward
Calne, John
Sawyer, HUbert fkiorue
llltchard, Frederic
Worsley, Charle» Henry
Chodgey, Tom Oeorge
Held, John
8t<«w{irt, Robert Klnif-r
McCosb, Percy
Townaendt Frank
Dyer, Henry S.
Iiicmley, William II.
Corrlgan, John
MacMlllan. Alexander
i.ialn,  AlvXtiiiUfl  iUu-cu
Annon, John Franrls
Mi;, hn.ll. Donald .M-jrihou
t'lartdge, William Joseph
Herring, Reginald Frank
Kouertaau, John Borden
Lapraik, Thomas
Riley, James
lirewater, Ueorge (Sordon
Jessett, Kdward
Orr. William Wright
Usan, ItaUd A. W.
Andtreoe, John
t'onnell. Robert
lUesdie*, t*t*u
Mike. Vlehelsi
Longden, Joaeph
Corrl«oii. t'eell IJavId
PmnlJt, Wtfliam f*i»ts
Wheeler, TfnroM
RiehsrdaoD. Willi lam B.
Rowen, fleerw
Foster, Alexander ilichard
McKay, John Hfitton
Anderson, Arthur William
■Melarkey, Hugh
Smith.,John Henry
Cartlidge, Albert
McCool. Charles Justin
WIlKon. \orman Waring
KeoKh, Calmnr Thomas
Scott. James
Paruby, Wm. Penwick
Hadoiis-, Bart
Cullender, Harry deorse.
Olassilied Ads.- Gent a Word
' mmm^.*^,i ,„mt, m ■ - ■— «■,■■ ■ m mi m hm'IK-.' ■■'  ■-»■■'■>'■ —- ■ *m.r.,.-mmmm
IJOAUUKUa WANTKl')—UooJ f»l.w
boat (I and clean rncms, $6.00 per
wepk, ."?•»!♦ Vlctorta, at»d Wrlaht St.
?:tl
PIANOS TUN Bit and repaired. Por
terms, npply to Thos. tlrad»hnw.
Hllkreit Mines, Alberta.
FOR riALfci—Airedale dog, aged ten
months: broke to gun. Apply to J.
Knglish. Coal CreeK. 233
IMKIM AN1)""ilOARU^Atipiy" 1 W~Mo-
Phenan Ave, *S5
i OH -tiALK—Horse, li yeere okt, quiet
to ride and drive, end buggy, rub*
htr tired, In splendid condition. A
bargain. Inquire Ledger Office.  237
DOAHDBIM WANTED-Om or two
gentlemen; comfortable home, every modern conrenlenee. Itione
No. vi, or call bouw im Howland
•venue. SB
Jtffray, n. C. Amn.t tl, I9M.
Take Votiee—«'l%st my wife, Mary
Hornby, baving left my bed and
board. I will not be responsible for
any debts she may eentrset after
-*bou- date.
Signed: JAMBS HORNBY.
Dr. Simmons, L. tl, 8. D. D. 8, de*
U«, Keak ol HeusUtim IMmlmt, op-
mdt* THte*>W«iid Vo    Vnnrmrer
NOTICE
..    ,. aamBaemmmw*- ""■-..      . . *      *    .
Bank of Montreal
Th« twill wt MwitfMU, itiimirg mmmmnm
tH«ttb«irwilt toeleelitg thmtr brane*i «t tHat
pint •nOeteb«r itt, 1014«
Arjgtftt 24th. fi* W* KdNHl]]} M^T.

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