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The District Ledger 1914-04-11

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Industrial Unity is Strength
No. 33, Vol. VH.
<: -'<"*,
'V" >.,*
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
^"Political Unity is Victory
$1.00 A YEAR
Arrangements are progressing rapidly for
first of ]May celebration. Sub-district No. 1
celebrate in Fernie and Sub-district No. 4 will hold
their celebration at Bankhead. The speakers for
Fernie will be Parker "Williams, M: M. P., of Ladv-
smith, Vancouver Island., and John Loughran,
see. He-aver Mines. The oratorical'capabilities'of
Parker Williams we too well known to need an,\
advertising from us. Those who have read Lis
.speeches in the Provincial house will appreciate his
visit, and it is to be hoped that both Hosmer and
Michel will be well represented. John Loughran
comes with a reputation from the Old Country,
although he lias been a resident in Canada for some
years. John has addressed some of the largest, labor gatherings in the Old Country, and can hand
out a line of talk that is not only straight to the
point, but straight from the shoulder."
J. D. Harrington, well known to Fernie and at
the Coast, will speak at'Bankhead-On the 1st. J.
D. is one of the brightest and most convincing
speakers that has ever been heard in B.C, and in
spite of a period of hibernation iVstill able to hold
an audience when speaking on strictly economic
or labor topics.
The list appended is the result of collection^ to
date. There are still a number of others to be
seen, and we have not the slightest doubt that the
list will be considerably augmented before the collectors quit.
The Trites--Wood Co., Ltd $50.00
The Fernic-Fort Steele Brewing Co., Ltd. .. 50.0(1
The Waldorf Hotel   25.00
S. F. Wallace   25.00
Kizaulo Brqs 25.00
W. Eschwig  2i.
TRAIL, Ii. C, April 7.—Trail -was
visited on Monday afternoon at about
5 o'clock by an earthquake lasting
several seconds. Xo damage was done
but the buildings and contents were
shaken quite noticeably.
The City Council met on Thursday
evening of last week and considerable
•business was done, including a grant
to tlfe Athletic Association of $200.00,
cancellation of an account against the
Roarin' Game Limited, of some $23.00,
and ithe appointment of Chief Brown
as poundkeap-er for 1914.
.Mr. Frankel asked lor ana obtained
.permission to erect an addition to his
shop in the Turner Block.
Tlie city lias considered it -advisable to include the 'balance of Block! -—— —-
82, upon wliich the Annex School! Miss lM. amnhoHand, of the Trites-
stands, within the city limits, the j Wood Co., is leaving for Ohio. Mr, p.
idea is to prevent any complication j G. Newton is also severing his connec-
ansing after the sale of debentures.    !tlon with Uie *„„ and w)n ieave for
Don't forget,.the Fernie Football
Club's big social and dance at the
Victoria Hall on Monday, April 30th.
Win. Diciien has secured the contract to excavate for foundations of
H. Carlile's new house at the back of
Wm. -Morrison's barn.
It was also decided to invite .tenders
for rock crusher an-d strain or gasoline
power roller.
The city teamster had his wages
raised to $80.00 per month in accordance with the new teamsters' agreement.   '    .
The-city clerk tendered his resignation, which was accepted. There,is a
job going now for a capable man at
$125.00 per month, and good prospects
for the future—either here or at Victoria. Get your application in for the
"novitlatory" before the lftth.
Dakota, where he intends going into
the cattle business
•J. L. Gates	
The Pollock Wine Co., Ltd.
wm. Mills :..
A. O. Liphardt 	
25. Ul)
N. K. Suddaby ,	
A. Dragon 	
J. Mclntyre	
Robt. Duthie (value)  	
Kofoury Bros	
A. MacNVil (2 prizes for men ovor 40) ..,
G. F. Johnson ,     '.' ..io
McLean's Drug & Nook Store     7.50
Lawe & Fisher     5,00
J. D. Quail ,,   ..;...... 10.00
Alf. Dragon (1 pipe) —     2.50
Kdcr Harper     5.00
Snm Lockwood (fcfif woman over 40, 1 prize   5.00
B. Smith   ........    2.50
lionnell & Corgan ..,,......".	
H. V.JiK'k	
Win. Dukeknv ,	
A. W. lUoasdell (2 lacrosse stricks) 	
Wm. II. Muirhead & Co. (shoes) 	
The Feroie-iCoal Creek Excelsior
Band will give the following program
on Sunday, April 12th, at 4 p.. m.
(March ...:,.. .Wake Up
(Military Fantasia,  Trooping the Colors
Cornet Solo  Eileen Alannah
•By W. H. Bannister
Valse  ..............  Always Peaceful
Trombone Solo  Drinking
By Barney Sloan
Solo  Ora Pro Nobis
March    Bella Vista
.Maple Leaf for Ever
ASTON YATES. Conductor.
boxing contest between Cy-
Scott, ot Victoria, and Dick
Marshall, of Fernie, which will be
brought, off in the Orpheum on Monday evening, April 1.1th, has every
promise of being the most interesting:
event ever witnessed in this burg. As
most fans will remember, these two
lads fought fifteen rounds las-l July.
■Sjid_*^ft-3r--£— ■oTue!l!n°f  c?r*^gt   qeot
From our advertising columns it
will ,be noticed that Wm. Dicken has
bought and installed a power rock
crusher, capable of crushing 30 yards
of rock per day, and is offering crushed rock (all grades) for sale. This is
a very useful addition to the town and
builders will undoubtedly avail themselves of this opportunity to secure
good gravel for concrete and other
•building purposes. A 15 h. p. oil engine will supply motive power for the
(Messrs. kefoury announce a big
hard times sale and have cut prices
considerably. Their slogan is "We
■want to sell—we want the money."
Some real genuine bargains are offered and readers should take note of
date, Saturday, April ISth.
The following, is a copy of the further correspondence which passed between the Minister of Justice and
■Mr. F. H. Shepherd, Dominion mem-
.ber for Nanaimo, with reference to
tlie release of the 22 Ladysmith prisoners:
F.  H.  Shepherd,  Esq.,  M, P.,  House
„of Commons, Ottawa.
Ottawa, March 27th.
Sir,--iWith reference to your letter
of, the 11th inst. to the Minister of
Justice fui'ther dealing with the case
of the men now imprisoned for participation in the inining disturbance
on Vancouver Island, I am commanded to inform you that His Royal
Highness, the Governor General, has
been pleased to direct that George
Bombara and others (23 in all) now
confined in the prison farm at Oaknl-
la, B. C„ be released from custody
under terms of a ticket of leave man
and that the fine be remitted in each
case. ,
His UoyHl Highness' pleasure was
yesterday communicated to the prison farm authorities.
I have the honor to be, sir,
Your obedient servant.
Under Secretary of State.
Thomas Mulvey, Esq., Under Sec. of
State, Ottawa, Ont.
Dear Sir,—I beg to acknowledge the
receipt of your letter, stating that
you have ibeen commanded by His
Royal Highness,, the Governor General, to inform me that he has been
pleased to direct that George Bombara and others, .twenty-two in all,
now confined in the prison farm at
Oakella, B. C, 'be released from custody under the. terms of a ticket of
leave, and that the fine be remitted
in each case.
Believe me, yours very truly,
F.  H.  SHEPHERD,  M.   P.
A Letter From
"Mother" Jones
(Special to The District Ledger)
Military  Bastile,  Walsenburg, Col;
March 31, 1914.
To .-Oily Friends and the Public Generally:
I am being held a prisoner incommunicado in a damp underground cell
iu 'the basement of a military bull pen
at Walsenburg, Colo.   Have been here
since 5.30 a. to. of the 23rd of March,
A real holiday program is announced for this week end, including the
following: »
For Friday—The ever-popular Florence Lawrence in the most delightful
romance yet allotted her, "A Girl and
Her .Money," In two reels, a^ synopsis
of ihe story being as follows: Florence Maitland, an orphan ■with an immense fortune, is beset toy fortune
hunters   but   naturally   wants   to  be
XEW HAZBLTOX, B. C. April 7.—
•Two bandits were killed at 10.30
o'clock this morning In a battle between the robbers and a big posse of
citizens, following tlie hold-up of the
Union Bank of Canada branch here.
Six men held up the 'bank and as the
men came out of the bank.the citizens
who had assembled picked, them off.
Two dropped in tlieir tracks and three
others  were  wounded.    Two  of  the
loved for herself alone.- She conceives founded were later captured and the
th*.* Idea, cf changing Places '.vith hsr,   '^v T1ian-""t shot- wat-Mimiit -af-t^.,.
was announced winner on points. Cy-'-maid, and -her adventure brings many inf haf sprained, his ankle while run-
David Martin ,   2 Ml
Roht. Adamson  , *   2.00
J. F. Riulihcki  A.   2,00
11. Ilawsou     2.50
D. M, McDougall     2,50
Juhti lVidliiclancik   15.00
Tha Gladstone' Local umumttetf h making rapid
headway in tho wrrniitfcmeiitt-i and hills will lie
posted parly next ww»k Vi-ith particulars.
T. Uphill is tht* w-snytary, to whom nil MuliK^nip*
tion* mny he sent.
clone made many friends when he vis
ited us before, and it has been the
ambition of one or two to get these
boys together again, feeling sure tbat
a good bout would result, Dick Marshall ls a boxer who does not understand the meaning of the word defeat, and is faithfully training for the!manner tha
event. Scott recently defeated Oscir. iag for eVe.
IMortlmer, Battling Robinson and Billy'
humorous and romantic 'incidents.
For  Saturday,  Grace   Cuuard  and
Francis Ford will be seen in an exciting drama of the Paris Apaches, en-
;itleu "The .Madonna of the Slums."
Uxclieoient, emotion and romance are
introduced in thlB picture in sucn a
inte.est isn't allowed to
u momenta
, uing through the bushes.   The amount
secured by the bandits was $1,100.
A later despatch received from Xew
liazelton says that the robbers wfere
masked.* Resides the dead, three o-th-
when I was taken from the train by
armed soldiers, as I was
through Walsenburg. I have dlscov
ered what appears to be an opportunity to smuggle a letter out of prison,
and shall attempt to get tliis communication by the armed guards which
day and night surround nie une, a
w.hite-iiaired old woman, eighty^two
years of age).
I want to say to the public that I
am an American citizen. 1 have nevet:.1
broken a law in my life, and 1 claim
the right of an American citizen to
go where I please so long as I do not
violate the law. The courts of Las
Animas and Huerfano are open and
unobstructed in the transaction of
business, yet Governor Ammons. and
his Peabody appointee, General Chase,
refuse to carry me before any court,
and refuse to make any charge against
me. I ask the press to let the nation
know of my treatment, and to say to
my friends, whom, thank Gode, l number by the thousands, throughout the
United States and Mexico, that not
even my incarceration in a damp underground dungeon will make me give
up the fight in which I am engaged
for liberty and for the rights of the
working people. Of course, I long to
be out of prison. To be shut from the
sunlight is not pleasant, but John Bun-
yan, John Brown, and others, were
kept in jail quite a while, and I shall
stand firm. To be in prison is no disgrace. In all my strike experiences
I have seen no horrors equal to those
perpetrated by General Chase and his
corps of Baldwin-Feltz detectives that
are now enlisted in the militia. My
(iod—iwlten is it to stop? I have only
to close my eyes to see the hot tears
(Special Correspondence)
DENVER, Colo., April 4.—Driven
,wild by their exposure before the Congressional Committee, the Colorado
Mounted Cossacks are running amuck
in tlieir terrorizing misrule of the
strike zone.
Almost every night the tent colonies are surrounded and the miners
and their families lie awake in fear
of their lives while the machine guns
passing are trained ou their homes.
Only last week four militiamen robbed -the saloon at Suffield and then
shot up the tent colony.
The prostituted press'of Trinidad
has been agitating violence against
the miners and the strikers are daily
anticipating the militia and hired assassins of the operators to make a
murderous assault upon them.
"Jolm I). gives $1,000,000. for aid of
beasts," was the interesting announcement made to the country Tuesday,
and yet lie' says that to give the Colorado coal miners a wage increase of
10 per cent would put lilm out of business. In the same connection it is
well to remember that before the
strike was called he said he would
spend $5,000,000 to prevent the Colorado coal miners from getting this increase.
How long will the laboring people
of the country reconcile themselves to
these outrageous conditions?
Of tbe twenty-three Ladysmith ■prisoners sentenced by Judge Howay,
last September, in the local court, to
a term of one year's 'imprisonment,
twenty-one are now back at their
homes, having returned Thursday
by the S. S. Maquenna, and proceeding to Uidysmlth by automobile.
Of the others Joseph Mairs died
\y,liile in prison, and John McKenzie
is still under treatment for Hlncs«
contracted  while in  confinement.
The names of those   who   returned
of the orphans and widows of working j Thursday are J. Ailsopp. jr., J. II.
men, and hear: the (mourning of the Armstrong, Charles Axel-son. William
•broken hearts, and the wailing of the) Hauld, George Hombero. Snm Bright-
funeral dirge, while the cringing poll-> man, James Colley, It. fossa r, Peter
(icians. whose sworn duty,, it is - to i <;»lusk». H. l-anen'on I'lum-an Me.
proteot the lives and liberty of thejKenzle. James Marshall, C. Mortimer.
pOT-pie, crawnOTs-eryieiiuy -oeiore tne i sf5v^^riiBri>r"PiryuiiTciTr~npor_i,dic_
liaMohnl burglars "of Wai! Street who | tray,AM, Slognr. W. Siackhoii'sp. Chan.
'.ire today plundering and devastating Yoga and Robert Walkinshaw.
the  state of  Colorado   economically.]    All these men are Mill under parole:
financially, politically and morally.    J   -
j    Let, the nation know, and especially | APPEAL COURT UPSETS
!!ct my friend General Francisco Villa s
ers were wounded and at least t.wo;t„„n, ihn+ .-.ia „™»t iTnifP,i at.,)o*, nf
on the watch for just euch a robbery
and constaibles today began shootlne
| that lie release the traitors
j placed under arrest, is: now
he has
■Mother" Jones incommunicado in an
.Mortimer, nuiiniiK iwuiiwuu turn r>i,i>      ,-,,, ,»i_„,i0..   .11.-1,,„  tllo n»)u,n,,- i„ :,        ;,    '"""■'  "-«"••• -"""•.'"? , "Mother   Jones incommunicado in an
several  secondaries.    Two good  pre- j
will be seen, and for Thursday, April,
tXf,ntm-J^f£  mS^mIS' '"»»'»■ <11Iti,led ""» th« Bishops Car-j
will meet Jim McRride, of Macleod,   ,„,   t .     T,,   .    ' f„S(,ln. 	
while the other will be arranged at T*««• /" i0'"^ fc J",    that     Scoutmaster.-Wo   regret,   that ns
a later date.    As seats are booking | ll™„./l^™d,^L^? »Im   ^\?«   n ro ^you have not fllvorG(1 u» with n»«i«>
ana enas 111  io-.;„m, a,!dre8g wo are unaWe ,0 ,nii,lisll
'your correspondence, ,
I sewer wits, tin horn soldiers and other
1 vermin.
VANCOFVKlt, IV 1'.. April 7, -J.
Waldron. South Vancouver, wus recently fined $ift under the I^irdV liay
act for selling two louve.- of bread on
I Sundny. Ills appeal to ihe British
! Columbia appeal court wns unanimous*-
||y upheld today.
freSy. all desirous of securing a KMdi,aM»™che"  ««»*>•
seat should get In at once. .maiHc,
various inralK uffee'ed.   Kurtliernioro.
It has srantfil $lWi,«)fi towurils lnesil
d'str-ens.     IV)   Socialists   prea<h   l,r»
I don't think.   Brotherly
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Hear Sir,-—Permit me i» little space
In your valuablo paper to comment ,,    .   .     ,
^^^w^TC^StiTJ^ t- . ^rB«..,. c,,,,,,!., ,., ,„r
in donlins   with   the   unemployed   of
their menibewhlp.   Th« letter signed ,,„„„„„,,,-„_    ,„„ ,,„ ,h(;/ HOt ,,r,„„0,a
! reUUions betwi-fii   nni. ,aml
it a very desirable !«t!'!  Ide;
ll International Officials Report Status of Wage Confer
ences and Advise Thereon
^j! International convention, United'Mine jciHiutliig mines  In   (heir   respective
.«!! Worker* of Ann'ri'Ti, your Scnle Com-ij'tr^dietloiiF, who  will  surer  to  the
Iildlaiiapoll!*.  Ind.,   March  "0.
To the Officers and Member* of tlie
I'nited Mine Workers of America:
Brothers, by Instructions of the last
'hi --I''><!<-*lies dii>ii'le*« und urouiw j Third, the conl m:trkt-i«, toscih-t-r
of districts are authorized' ai*il in- with industrial and economic condi-
stnicted to negotiate and enter lntojtionti, do not Justify a strike at thin
wage ngivem*ni.s with coal operators
niltieo   met   with   the   operators   of i prices now being paid under the pres-
Wen*-™ I'enntylviuila, Ohio, Indiana ent. cont met  for pick  and  machine
mining, day labor, ynriliiR» and de.nl
The Preferential Ballot
nm!  Illinois at IMillndftlphla, Pa., be
ginning Pabruary 10,    The demands
of the miue work-era. as adopted by
Blithe   International   convention,   were!mibdislHei   or   firntin>*   of   di«trlci»
§:• i *pre*ented  to  the coal  operator* by I either hy reason of nn act of the !-*»•
'«• vour representative*, nnd for nlmoMf lv'<dntur»    or    bv    siifreornen*     vi-ie
three WfOkn we tried, by argument.Icliutiire their method of mining from
f.icts and  |ierFiin*lon,  to  Imve them I-i-rren coal t<» mine run.
•<  ti.'.il '.\\*t\  'lure) d  to     Tho en.ll op-1      Sp"'«'iI     '\**t   ulili   *•>■.,■   •Iil/i;.'|,..>   /'
terator* refuwl to ngree to nny onelprleen, n» ite' forth (n the prermlinK
time if stub can liouorably bcravolded.
Fourth, Junt at litis timo the non-
milori op'T-Hors desire a i-trllte in the
organlzi-td  fields m  ihey
their coi.tr,M:;,-.   Wc ««t
formc'd   that   repre-tentatU-fii   of   the
Tl»# following han be«n wceived
from ». MoSnb, Lethbridge, ind
•hould mplttii many of tlie dlfflcul-
tle«, »o tnr na the voter 1* concerned.
It will t»« notleml that «b* !«»« I»«r«
of the demand* propotusl, but offered
the Cleveland contract without ch:ing«»
Hlftie.td.     We   K'lUxed   Ihelr  offer  ttltd
 ■■ n— • ttif ine-ptlnR adjourned without rf»acli-
flee of the returning officer wher«- th«;»n<f, a" "ttroenieiit
count shall be compleud.   In completing the count the ntumlng officer
•hall proceed in the following man
clause, the rifsht to lake up for net-
tU'inen* local lu«|tia!!tbs both as to
lllltf« lilid  «'.,|m1UI(iIii.  Ill   tile ilifferetil
dUtrii't*. tuibtlxtrlctfi or xroupn ef dl«
I trh-m U fulh rei (utilized.
We met atiAln fn -t'lilcnuto. 111., oil ■    Third. Hint all men employed l>i d'i*,
March iTth, and renewed our demand* irlcn, mibllrtrlct* or -sroupH of dl*
-Althout <li«n*e,    Koran entire week  trict*   «r«-   laalniried to continue Ht
neri He shall count out the bailout *'' '"l,!l"u,(J oul' I'leudluiiH with tln<,uuik iteudliif h mrftlemeni of 1***1
graph ntnten that "Rach voter may Iaeconlitig to the rirat choice rote* for1 "i^'tew. but they rtlll refund to qaraUon* wh«n> iii# wwiior. wn-
voto for aa many ^ndidatea an thwe;mtdi mndldate. no heed beiuc i«kn, «r;m'  .» ainicle   dnr.umt     After   ex   «, -t,.. ,,r!ci.. Iiourp of lnbor nnd ron-
work, or the «qiilvnlent of the tonnage'non-union    operators    of    Kentucky,
and mlnlnif prlcem, wb"re any district, I Went Virginia, Pennnylvania and el»»|
where, were in bo'b I'hilndelphia and
('hlea«o while the joint nmferenceai *
were in «i -moil dietii.' -ill wi'li'M »h(.'e
power 10 itrlnu about a dimiKieeineni
and n Htrik<. Ani *,., :n a» *■ of the
«.';te>' <i-ir'. cii«-.,"' *. ••"• •*.>!!'
itiK to pl.ij into their hui ds h\ icluit \
on xtrike, tliro-AhiK ih- in'i.en idle ami
thu- allow  them u, t ',   'he .i;;*rki?*»
* itt*   liou-illliuil   HU*',.
The   ,1(1(11111011   <»I   'li.-   pnuio-lthiii
llH'.illi* iiidilAtrl»l pi-aee. which in le-nt
• rt    .Hei
r  I- h
■    :»   th.-
"'e-, are
cured a uveal ticket In the- uniuii move,
mem l( i* but IIm!«» eciiiM.lntioii to
hlni .iim him a wlfo iitid flilMreii to
mnli;i:tln, to !>e brutally to'it that h"
voted for tho eontlmiiinre of the «\n-
U-xti and linallv to advice hhn t.i re*«l
M:ir\ or KneelM
The    -M'y.iU     hi'ill    Juhll"!'.:*        ilOiH
ean obtain j (l0*; imd.ri-'and the function of the
rtiiably hi-.ii-Hd-e union movement. The >ii"*ii*>v
pal uWtM-t of every tnrN' urinit In to
protect the trade- Interest vi of It« mem-
here, ani tn strengthen their poult Ion
•11 h»r*s;.*ii«.!rK
w'Mi   r-etrard   to
*:•.*' tl,
^-1 1,1
iib  timl'er
are offict* to Illl and for »* umh j to Hit* other choice*. If nny candidate
choice* a* tbty are entltl»»d to under, haa then a clear majority of flr*t
the 'act,'"
It I* not atated whether the ballot
will be «Fj*ritt#*<l by voting ftr»t aisd ««••
ond choice only and wc c»n only i»r<*
attme that the ballot would !>«• «i»od
nrt*»!*»*r tbt* clrcwm»tnnee». Where,
however. r.ior«» than one candidate hu*
tu lie iidccttid. i*'i: pi'ii-n-ntu* -.A. I'.'.i**1
four cbolccif would have to he voted.
T,i>»t.»er''ii»» eHw-tivT'
'1'ltle i, jUHSloii 3*a.—"1'lnw *<ut«*r will
go Into one of <iw (utiuuriiueut* ai.i;
wlfSs ih* itweieU nmrlfad tn th* enm.<
imrmcnt make a cro*« »X> tn *Une:
tqxmrti in the aiipropriate column ac-
••'rrdiitti !•» ht* clt«»l*<'*e   at th* rlabl -of
,(l«.  ti«ll«>   ***\"*l   lift.      Ill"   »ul*:r   «u»>
vote firm rhoic» In the drat column,
iccou.l ilm'.te In *«eotii4 column and
§0 oil till he ahall luvo voted one
*fdi'*otce for alt candidate* on the tin!.
lot except ome. f»o not rot* t»of*than
one choke for one candidate a« only
one choice will ewist for mny candt-
..., '-   11 n   tliti*   ImVmV.     Alt   •U»',',iii4i».ft'ii.
lag mark* make th<t ballot void, Kach
,/, *   9   -   ...    *-r.'r    fur    ■:■    '-■*-*,*!ir   A-vff.t*.
,1'iitf'F ni, t*li-iit» arc nffirea to fill ani
for *« manj** c|»olc#« aa they are en-
titled *'i ur"t*er tilt* "ttt,"
Tm,-* r, SH'tlfHi ?l — M the rim* of
■mth i»»li th>» oftkv-r -pimMU** *l.ai'.l
teak* .* nrnvtt nt th* Urat choice *■<•>»«
nt'l enter thet total r>nnit»*r thettot In
'*,!,'. M
'.,,-*'       t*****      41*4^,49.      .,.14 * f,f..      %.*&*)■ t ,14* . *.*■
ahull th«a lute tke btiUoti to the of-
Cltolce   VotH*   ln»   N   «-|eete<l    ri",|   'he
count goea no further, but If then- be
no majority, (ben the catid'ijste who
haa the amallect numbe? of -the«*- fin-'
choice votes |« declared out of 'he
count and hu ImI'.oU hi.. .ll«tnh>iiMi
among the other candidate! In accord-
i'l'CO   Will)   Uie   Ud-IOUrl   cbdlCeH   I'm-I'ii'I.
Th»t la, each candidate get* thc ha!
t.t   ....,■*,,,.*   * *
second choice*.   If thia trlven «nv «i»n-
Uukrtvc   it   Ut^]i>lil>.   Iun,   ftiK'U   t.i'.. I.-
ditlt? 1* tlciit-d,   if not. then tlie Joa-
mt of the rctnalnln* candidaie^ f% **\*
diiiifd uu 1 hia bsllota are almllarly,
trannferrtid.    When any  ballot con-;
!:«!iiH  u* aci'oiid  cholci.  i.\m uhim* <,t
dsttcn already out. hl« r..ime Ip paaae-t
o\cr find thc ballot goea lo the thir.1
choice, nnd ao on until one Candida'''
fhttll have a majority, end th* rw!!-
dnfe having the largeat mtmWr of
vote* aball be elected.
i    A tie b#fwf#n two or man* cindi-
1, 1,,-n 1» iu !(n.   iiecitK'.i   lii  tnMtr   ill   'ee
tme havlnic the irreate*t  nttmb*>-r of
•■•** , , 1. *.*•. ...        Jf   " -r        .,'
tliiit :r»-*sj'(-f!, Uii Ij 'A,f liti-im. :  . ."1
her of aecond  choke vote* thai! de-
t<-mi!rie   l?ie   f.->isl«.      !*   AS*     ■   1     •    •
'decMe. then the tl* shfitf he flfVi'«.
:#il b> ik* ftAm of the r*>tnms»-*| o«tf«r
Vilif fit T'T   ■!*•'■    irrffl    "",*;j|'r**"*'" '   *.
u*cil In th'* i»*«-i',-»n t? *hi'l m*"*t t't.**t*
*fFmn onf-itiif ef Th» *f*.*,t r)r»-»t><-- ,-,♦
l«,i>!r»!* b« »*ic-h ejection
h,ui» ii.i;   i\tfi   !i.;:,,i(;il)',e   ni. .»^   .1'   d);!.iii<, <f * n.plowni 1,'.   :,*,*■
onr coriini.ind in tryin* to have our excf>i»t   that   in   dle'rlc*
dennillf netep'e.l, the .tolllt f'tiiifer-
••life ,ulJoiirii«'<l Hill** Uie Million! rein ilil,-, .^si .i^rt <crii< n'.
'lil"   l*oile>   t oliiJIIIUee,   repre-( nti|i«
'.he   luti-ni'itiotlitl   lllii'ill.   COhijei.ei   i,;
:ii if(,'«t
■* here .'I
i-lmnae fr'tlii ;t nrroetl coal trtH'>« to
tnuif run i.tk"»i piitre, tne iiiinen. ntn*
1 :.'"..,i' ..' '■■ rl. ;,i :.d!i.» . 1 :■!» :•)*,. .!
fit till i|ilfi»! nnx Jn (ll«|ii|le l!) the
••»■•','  :in iivfoiju-iit to do u'l !»i tenet).
lo.-  our  otic'itur-iti-titi.   oiirw!
our I'timllicH ut lliU t.nie    tr
Ject.d it   iiienim ii utr U*    '!*!.'•
•lilts,.011 wliicfj jou, U\ jnur \,
ctlle-it iipmi to iirmw.r
Ml 'iH-rti unlnnti wi" vt.'e o
in.< p: mie or r« Jccuon t.f 1 in
in rf.u    tt ctin,ui*r-tiil< d
hv   which   t'ie\    in. '    *')   it" il'l
(>l»|ic!»     it.     l|n      hi. in'.'     o'     Ii..
A ',1   '„     t   ,.9 I...    !      ..
■*',(!i     * IMiI'lti !*
"di»»iile In i.i fi* "
1 r.  Iielntll 'if.   1
ill.   Ini'   nr:|-    ♦>•!
f !| ;,!llMl!i'li*   .it-
c«'itil'»«"l   te.   t'l'
■jmAejful  litiioti*.   *"
Jlifi'el J'licle'v   of K'nt'-seef«
■ ci!  «t< d   iifM'.iii'  tr.ole-*   t'
iil». H
,' ,   : \ ■.    .*•;,,'■
1,      ''l'-    ;r-i- tt:' is"    of
^1 luetinn -   h'lWi V.
1   '  '., Mi»     ll.e|ii|i|(..
t'K'i  *h»'   'irnm «t
i> f- ' of   'n   thn*e   Tf
Uti'm-      lii  'lie tlior*
*"iH 1* i'it*  Xtcals;"
e    lf'< Ti r
pre 1
convention* or 'lie uitlon uuxd-
VIhi» nrrinerit'd with !*eHT1«t
,;,,■;....1,. •['),',, *ni(ie union movement
hi thin country its* In the older conn-
!r<gr*, '*» lM*ttliiii!na lo re.ilUe tli tf lite
tirt-nn for Un future bnt tie* lie* in Iho
tioHf'en! field. When tlie JiutKter vltxre
de-Sris more out t.f our hides they*
niwjhlv eomin'itid the iMiliiical wn-
r)iir,f* to cany .vit th*-lr hehetft* An
ev*r itH-reftHlnp i;Hii\tier of tr,t*!e nt»i-'
oniMH nre t>ee«)m!iiK wine to the eetuo
tivd they Ttr** end-eavorint! »« 'he tiert
of their js'dllty lo jter-sntde tisr'r t*t
■l»»w* til thi" power t|>,xt if 'o '»e had
for 'lie takliit:
iii • nl lllnin . ' i<
fc.ije imlfii!" ;•'<• *
ot'ir    Ix'tfr   11 ..<
thii    Ho-rtii!     I'lico,
nunilier of rin'i.'.' t» !■• i><i>v*i>k *<> th'«
t*«'"ii!,i «!• '«.■   •   -iii'* •.*. «■•■ 1 v*nv,e#i
"ft . V   • .   ,.',     ' ,, .        ., .,>t>.'. •'    I'l   ,,,jv
• r   »   *C    *• '      «"     ,- - tin M 'c »       TV'  1.«l|«
IWiti'lC'i'   'iti.Jtn   ,ti  *t*   ',enr   "«>t  .tn
fir.C I'd    lli* **•«!   tin !|it„ !K   |>I I
li.i 1 '1 •■ ,1 <lt.':   0 > ci' •<» !„■
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nl Miur I'olic) 1 oniiinitei- T'-ni uif
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1     '11       11.'Il'l'
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■'-  ,W    •mi*   .n.d   f:ilr  ;.    !	
.have heen -eoticcded.    Hovn-wr, af'.r
i j;,>,«►»,ii»     . ..«•     *,lu.i.li,Ii     «.ni-iii,it.
!.ml nfter «'\ift« calm nn I thmiKhtfu!
ci v jIiIi »-it''ir;   tii   'he   '.tidiiH'tln'   nu *
't-iitv'ri.      yu'ir      Polh v      firn'iit".
dci-mpd !• »i!i*lw  "* i'ie-~e*' '"*   * ' •■
'i'tnil   K'fike   at   tl'.-i   little   f tr   'he   'I
forceim-ni* of owr demnnd**.
• ilrji
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cd   ci>r,c';iii!<ir.!*    *
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W'W,^-^*-.^'^ ,!>v«
Boots and Shoes, Notions and Smallwear
If a Real MONEY-SAVING Event is of interest to you, read this page
Mens Shirts
Regular $1.50 and $1.75, now at .'...-   .$1.00
Regular $1.25, now at ...   ...... .75
Regular, $2.00 and $2.25, now at $1.00
Regular $1.25, now at ". 75
Men's Fancy Shirts   .45
Men's Suits and Overalls
Men's Overalls now at  .... .t.   ,75
Men's  Working  Shoes           .' *.. $1.75 up
Men's Fine Tweed Suits  j ...... S.i $8.50 up
Men's Blue Serge Suits, regular $16,00, now at '...' .$9.50
Men's Hats, regular $1.50, now at $1.00
Men's Suspenders
Men's  Heavy  Police  Braces,  regular 35c, now at
Fancy Braces, regular 35c, now at  ;.....
President Braces	
A Genuine Money Saving Event
Saturday, April 18th, to Monday, April 27th
Mens Underwear
Rib, regular $1.50, now at   .90 suit
Wool, regular $2.50, now at  $1.35 suit
Men's Sox
Heavy Working, regular 35c per pair 5 pairs for $1.00
Heavy Working, regular 25c per pair, 6 pairs for $1.00
Heavy Working, regular 25c per pair, 6  pairs for    .75
Heavy Worsted, regular 35c per pair .' 5 pairs for $1.00
Ladies' Silk Waists
Regular $4.50, now $2J75
Regular $3.50, now $2-25
Lawn and assorted  60c up
Underskirts, assorted, regular $1.50 90
Ladies' and Children's Hosiery         15c up
*,*.*) «
We have a full range of Ladies\t Children's and Gent's Sweaters at the very lowest price ; also other articles too
numerous to mention,   A visit to our Store will convince you.   REMEMBER - a Dollar saved is a Dollar earned.
SALE STARTS Saturday, April 18th (9 DAYS ONLY) SALE ENDS Monday, April 27th
The Principal of Authority
By Frederick Engels
Translated by Richard Perln
|Tlili> nr:icU' was jtublliiiieil lu au
Italian iiilior publication in lST;i, lu
tin- iniilst of tii« Haktinln controversy.
It w.is )•■ ccntl.v unearthd by Comrado
X. ly. isunoff aiid ]:iibliKliwl in the
.Vciic Zi'.'t. from which tlii* translation
was mail.',J
Somi time a«o a number of .Socialists ''iJiiiuioni'i.'ii ti veritable crusade
aKiiins: iliai which tliey call the )irlu-
■ *i>> nf i'tiiliorlty. To condemn any
-■ictum. *-i«-v believe Si to !>*> sufficient
to !•• jii-f-cut it. as lii-ins; aiitliorluitlvo.
Tli! .- i:i,:u.ii) Uiclliod Icail.i lu .su
nmi.y ,,',i'ir<A't<"- thai ir I;* iieccsintiry
!'» nt'.iYi ;i r'l-.'cr i-'uii;, ,*,f th.' nimri.-r.
A it; 11 (j i: * > in tin* weiine iu which it i»,
iiHi-d 'hen* iinaiu lilt1' hiilijct'Mcn of tin*
'.Vlll    l*f    ;it)'i«biT    lit   i")!-    ***1)L       Hl'IlCC,
tuithority    i>i'<'-i'i|i;Hi-i"    ;«u'n)riII)iiUIoii
I'll    till"    till'    lit'   )!|i-   I     'lc''        \,,*A,   fn   ii|
iIik lac: 'ki! '..lew Vivn .vor-l- Irive an
* V!|    tit:!,,;!',    ;-);,!    ••),;    '!;.*    >v! *'■< I' >-111 ■> ■*
I '.,||.'V*><|
': •',!.!' is-au tu
ilif nuli!in!lnii'.'»'il lm'"r *!;■• .jites'ioii
i-rlM'K iviii.'thcr Ut«'r»' \* tiny !in-:ti*.!- to
iiii')*!**,   A.','.*   rcliitlotr'-ii'ii    w'ui*'h"r
iH-iti-t-   { 'ii*   srvell   -*'ir;;i!   ro!   i  ■*.■.*. ■      -\,'t
i   I',,     i 1"'   i'i*     iillOt'l'i'l'     .-.nr' ,       •■*• •*. I      'i,
ll 111
1,1 ',
An «?n!ti'!i'. scientist., the o*»e* may.
eavi- lilt i,*y.i.',y,i th,..: tke &o*t wan
di'thil illtcovt-ry nt rwnt jr§*r» «rni
•1>«« dijii'ovny t>t Zatii-iibk. Ju*' i
tlilnk* Atk »uon m fl mimic tliln \njet
ot Jteni'Ji'ik H tiji'iliul to a wound ot
% tture, mit:h liij'i''* 1» Innurwl afaln*i
bh*A ix,*■•.'.■' Wnt i.in.1 *ti*-<.■(••* ol
mlprr,h% h:-*-" !«"•"•-i fmiwl that Zmn-Fluli
*iil'  9     I     -'     *.*••'
ihtn iiit-Jiii.    A* mnn m Zam-iluk
I* -apjiii*''] t<i a j,«r«'. or n ent, or f;
»lt<"    :!'*■"•-».■>.    !•   N'n'i*   •In-   ifni'i'i'S
'thai li why children nr« mich friend*
Of Zan-'fi'ilc. Th?}- '-im H'Wrf fit
' tke #i'."tic* of Hi» thlrtr. All th-cf
ktio»- ia 'tint Zam-litik nion* tlt*ir
•■■sin, Vxhi-rn ptio'iM v^rt" Tnrg'A
ARA'.ti.   A* iwhth nt* 7.*ut*ftob in i%p
lill*f| «<> a liionnl   or  tn  a  «ti**»fi#i*d
{,.>.»..,-    ,    u *,!•*,-V" *i»»'■• '*,   Tti'l  *  '   '"'
to;mint i" #ifth b-allhy 11 -.**<-• from
ti* i -m    ,*,  j.*ti.'i,**k *  »<    1< .   «■'   ut-JtitUti
TU* xiwi' 'i.u» ffirw."d h vertfitl m  "" "   '*
to ?'     '■,•'( '   :.' '1  '.•.•".Ay  <:«?'•-  03    " '      '
which there will be no occasion tor
• Ills authority, In which It will consequently viuiUh. If wc study the economic, industrial and agrarian conditions that form the basis of the lircB-
cut -bourgeois society. we find that
they have a tendency to replace the
isolated action of an individual 'by
hi- ['oiubineil action of several Individuals. For the small enterprises of tno-
hiiiil 'producers modern Industry sub-
•stinm-s the -ureal factories and workshops where hundreds of workers attend complicated machines driven by
.-■U.IU1, in place of the uaitou and cart
ue have railroad trains, and steamers
hi place of row'.iouts ,;iiil i-.aflliij; ves-
si:1s.' livtn a^rl, uhtii«• i.> tradually '
t ommu under the dominion ol ihe ma-
iliiin- ainl Kleani, wliich slowly but te-;
-e»u!i --.!.!> is dU*ii!.icIiift tlu1 flii.til Millie
<-r by the great capitalist, who cultl-
'.;i!>«, luimeii-se estates by ihe aid of
«;t.;:i -wurkers.
U'hi-rcver w»< may iuul,, the |i:je-
peiiili'itt action cl separate individual*,
if \,i \n\t dltpl.ir'i'd :•>• a cein 1»1 ned ac-
Hun, by a comiilb-atloii of processes
-c.vh of which In dependent iipuu (lie
"thi r, Hut when w»> mny combined action  we nl-to -nay omtnlziitlon,    Now.
;'   pi-i"sl(»'r    ti   li'iVc  all   nrtt;!!!!*'.!''!!!!!
■•• .:ii:.-u amhoriM '?
I,i'   ti*  xiij.pcn'  I but   a  sot )al  rev.-.)-
!,i:l in   li.is  iletSiioiiii!   tli.-   ii'apiiulists,
,. .-Surly   ;, i.i  i.,i, !:1, :.:•:   li.   • ..
':',.■   prnluctlon   and   dUtrlhuthm   of
s< i!'!i.     In «r«l«-r  to place ^.-urscives
I'.., i , *i,,(iii ,in kiasiilpoltii i.f Si,,
■' ,'   ■■ it ie r   -.iriitir', let il* silppi*!1!' tlii!
I'l ,
Mil   III" ni'i iif prn'l 0 ' "I'
Mu   t .I'lt-c'.vi-  |0<ipi n \
•.'   i, ,!-•• tha-m     In ihis
mt  'i    i ,iti  .S   i i-    t\\\\   j*
' n   ' ,i 'I   '     !., •   u«.   »!■ ■
\ ill,,...    > •
, '..•   S-   • I,
, ii--- 'bro.ii-.i .
,i. i i< ..in »   *\i
Ok'IiIU   l.tln'
•r i, h »■<
* ,r  .l.i'l-
-!,!.,«   •
■   -ii i,i •
<    ,*<>rVi« *
"I c   Jhtm)   1»   ,.n ;•*»..
tl i til'
ll   l'   ,
no'ie ti
I illl
.ir, a.m'  'hi!  :« d> *• r:i>i.'<• I l»*-'
,    4        * 9   t It
*.*!"• If
it,, -i-
it »k .i»r«"* ew fruja»#»t. '■"
•why '/..*
301 (> "'•} "it r Ave, M'.r^rfal, rnbt.t
«5«n ''*> /fiflik *f>B5p-*nx and t*»14
tl»«to *S.s* f r 'fr vtntfy-tlr* ytort
he li *>l \ ;t -a u.^'tyr to -witn*. Hit
Jkafcdn -***« at oi.-f- ftn,*  »> -mratnd
f,,l||      ! I.   ' ft        ill        !.«'     I    i'l I     •.'.<*•' (I     1ft
tle»*t- I'onr y<*«i •«•<» Zjm-Hol wnn
ia;. .. 1 '. i...-. -Add II r t:t
tbuty'ui, I' turt'S, bim. Tedot—ovii
»Br**« yttra »'tf r hit fire ot n 4lM*f«
it* iii : .- t»>r t.i- j'ji**-"-tb« I»
•till * it •!. »t.«l h-* tiutl ui traet «l
ony r*t't'n ot tho ■w»<hm*
XT. I .ir'.,it nt*.} Z*«i-Bii* id Sit
Pft-w, tr at* -d'TI eand ttt* t"!%! ht* If
jm i< -J •*." j'!?'rUi.-!i)'Rt ss« • 1«
•tamp (to pny retara peetept). A#
trout '/.',:n Uuk Co., Toronto,
»' »•
«...   n
\ ' "
..     ,; t*
I      ■
v-hi *      )
here).   When man, by the aid of scl.
ence and the inventive faculty, auto-
dues the forces of nature, 'they avenge
themselves by subjecting him who exploits them to a real'despotism* which
is Independent of the social conditions.
To do away with authority In the great |
Industries would mean to abolish In-)
dusiry  Itself,  lo  destroy  the steam |
spinning plant In order to return to
the spindle. J
Let us take another example, a railroad. Here the co-openvtlon of an lm-|
mouse number of men Is absolutely ne- i
f-csstiry, n co-operation that muM tnfce'
lilaeo at Exactly s|)eclfle<l hours If a
terrible accident Is to he avoided. Hero
tlie first neee.-'si'y of the entire system is a domliia'ltiK will that -tl-ecldes
all subirdinate questions, and it is lm-
materia! whether this will is represented by u ik'!e*$rytcd person or by tt
conuui.tie that is elected to .execute
the deelfions of the majorliy of Ihe
iiiterettiod' parties. We have io leal
w ii li an authority in both casi-s. And
more tliiiu that. What would happen
to the \-try flr*t train sent out If we
were tu abolish ihe authority of the
railway officials over the persons tr»v*.
-t'UIiiK on lt?
Hut nowhere ls the necessity of authority at that, m> obvious as on a
f»np at sea,' I'nere tie- tile ano ueu'in
ot all on biisrd depend at mery tuo-
•f'„tt,i iiiMitl thi" llbfciltllli" :itnl lli*tii'Oa.
tit-ens stiSiJeeslon of ail u» the wil! of
;t ufaifle Individual.
t: I were to it="' 4hls iTS'iaifti'
iti Iia. tlie tmm i.il>,,i <>1 ; ,ii a HI I-
.iinhorPnrlHiis tliey ciml.l uw, no- the
,i.|,,!»w!,,,a reply: "oh. Hia' i- 'rue. tin!
lo-rt- j' :* not a iiui'*-tuii ft iiiMiurlty
•!i,t *•■ i unftT iipin ,i d»-b "»'•-. Imt
i'l i c 'ii'ii'iin'.ot, " Tlii-f" ">. iple he-
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ity will vanish at -the result of tihe
future social revolution; that is to
say, that public functions will lose
t-helr political character and will toe re.
solved into simple administrative functions supervising th© social Interests.
But the anti-authorltanlans demand
that the political State shall be abolished at one 'blow, even hesfore the
abolition of the social conditions that
created lt. They demand that the first
act of the social revolution shall be
the aiboHtlon of authority.
Have you ever witnessed a revolution, gentlemen? A revolution Is certainly the most authoritative 'thing
that there Is, an act by which a portion of the population forces its will
upon the other portion by rifles, -bayonets and cannon* all very authoritative means. Aiid ihe victorious party
must maintain Its rule by the terror
that Its wenpons Inspire In thp reactionaries. And If the Paris Commune
had not made use of the authority of
an armed people against the bourgeoisie, would It have lasted Ioniser than
n day? Conversely, can we not reproach It for having used too little of
his authority? Hence we face an in-
evluble alternative: either tiie anti-
ntitliorltariiiiis do not themselves know
what ihey are talklmt about, and in
that case Uicy are ouiy cruaiing confu-
slon, or they do fcnow, and In that case
limy are iKtrayln* the cause of the
proletariat, lu either case they nre
only serving the reaction.™ The New
By Cists Clews Parians
Whenever I hasard the Miggestlon
that ethnography and ethnology are
n:i f*#ent!.i! part of a liberal editca-
• miii I in*•! **un nn iie reduiutu
"inl'i, Mf me'lnii », vOicn in view of
:ii> K.mpaii) I haw ii'i'ii Inctutlous in
u* hk lii" term*.. I am a sued their
iinaiuiu: but In all circlet I am asked
*h.it l» the u-i' of su'-li s'udtes Wh>
>1iii,i ■! nt.f Mm*   lm*  mini*.!-* '1-1*1' er
history ot the teblt or custom they
rebel against; contented, this knowledge ls also a help to them, a help
against the destructive criticism of
others and a help in rationalizing the
'habit or custom they are 'backing.
IMoreover. rebellion or propaganda
aside, it is obvious enough that the
more people see into their aoclal environment, the more interesting It
iwlll he to them.
None would demur, I surmise, to
acquiring knowledge of the customs
! of the other "civilized nations." even
iat first liand.   Hut there as yet most
iof us stop short, nnd we draw our line
'quite as decisively as the African or
i Polynesian potentates who have heen
I known to forbid subjects ou their re-
Uurn from the White Man's country to
report thereof.   With  them as with
I us this purpoidvo Ignorance ts a negative expression of the consciousness
of kind, an assertion of group isola-
tion.   A-jtalnst. ll, In our case at least,
there are seveml objections.    In the
first place other races and cultures
besides those wc commonly account
civilued   are   present   Willi   us,—the
Negro, the Oriental, the Batt-Kurope-
an peasant.   Then, the ways of our
own children, of our old people, and
of  an   Immature or  unsophlatlcated
adult among us can  best, be understood throtiifli comparing tliem with
the habits and eiistoms prominent in
primitive culture,   The conservatism
of :he savage, for example, throws
.■light upon the conservatism of the
child or of the aged.   Agalft. to primitive practices of sympathetic magic
-,', ■  vi\'\ ': ; !"-,. ?-,i' v.". uv.vl<*n'-*'*V.vV.v,is of
many of our own failures tu rational"
Uv,    Indeed, the culture we eall civ-
iiuaiioM lw* 1.9 rout* au deep lu uiher
cultures that the study of it cannot
be isolated,    "CivllUation"  Is not «
sejwrHte crest Ion. and >et do we not
per*l«t  tn  viewing it  much n« man
hliiift-lf v.,»s I'limed lu pre-I>ar»lnl«n
i'«>« mil for much the same reason*,
group loiicctt? The N'ew Heview.
i!il   lhe»    Pie    e  I bet   do?
Th.i: .-..lm   of their '.\j;.- ,*u  like ours
I     niii   *, ,  mi!i.i|,*i-    i i i ■, I »  i» it  lll.i'.ti C
of r.i'li.r cirLiu* 'nformailoli. but of
lm 'il.ii'litl >,KilltlCilii e. i\ci.|i! per
htp« i* t!e mt««nnar>.     I( ho were
 |,     .,.    .)..   i   ... i.i'.. t-i. k.    .,.-   iitlKit!    tit
Iim «   i«' It*** of stn !!»».'
The n>'«*l-w.ir-.   {« tfl,\ l;m»l>- ir>!ng
'n i :ii'■!.»•    li«"  ii»t.««'|i H'li  ,m S  ill*- **l**-
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."is*- k*.i* .it».iit iJji  ,i,;iit!.4.mi» aod
,,i .     n->     ,7    r, ' *\9*. i *-      ,*** , ,,#    9 r-viit-i-l*
'ii .n!i.i<*r.. •• tut    * «*i» i.i   u.»  MKt>et.>.
iiii ,1 .11 t,,, U it thfl. :.* A-if 9 ol <* iw-
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nntl when *e giie ><**u tii*- »>jiiH)rtatni>
:u ir> a r^mfl) alfli the und*r»t«ml-
Iiiii tl.it .f 1" <'ui »:•.'' r< !!■-» •- >mi aicl
»,«lli,f) >«»'! »U full J*.i* --v-.• H tt-'.e
hack Mint' inotnu. Hi< re I- cit'ilnly
no rtti»i> 'or hul'-vtoii «n >our xmr*
TM,.   Ir  «l.,    n ,i    i-       ,»,.,. .   <n«l   O-nr^tl
1))r)H,i|iiM    l.;bllt>        XX f   hll M     * ll»!
Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail    ToOCtCCOflist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good-   ^
We Handle only Fresh Killed
Alberta Meats
A trial order will convince you that they are the beat and
our prices the loweat
2lbs Creamery Butter 65 Centt
Prompt Delivery to Any Fart
riiit-HL v2      i>
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aid    friend*.    UV    *e,".|.\>     nllene}
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fi r !nd,n*"on »ti*  h*;»-,)«'j    l'«p-ifn(
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bowel   »«".'!ft!».   Ib^'l!   !».ifi^l4»-   Ta'-
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lUftf'tsbr.   I'ruit.i-
V* iii'"   »   «'
||    TaiuCi Clock, Wwwtl Si.
«»*   I'll yt'l ti» *■:>'■
i,-       !i    it   ii i!   •''
d> ji*'   aHii   *o«l
• *■•■■ »* A •» • ' I
( *   j i*'   n* rhrar.
tt. m  \*~m     1*****
•9,   Tii***    M»*V'
: **«n f>sS*  t»)   *»•
,   -I »l -9*     .-.    Ir.
W''i'li1    AlMlU*.
I"*  Bellevue Hotel
8s»t   Att*m.iMwi»ttc-»v  iiv  tl.t   Pm*.—
UM*-0>tt — Ivtry   C«ftvtMt«w*>-»
*n««*H*M C«i*>s«a«.
J. A. OAUAN, Prop.
Try the Ledger for Job Work ^r'■ll" -
Local Union Directory,, Dist. 18,U.MLW. A
No. 2314
Meet first and third Fridays,.
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Coal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached.—T.
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 in K.
P. Hall, Main Street.   Sick Benefit Society attached.—"ft'. Baldev-
stont?, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B. C.
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet  every  Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael   Warren,  Sec,  Oiiu-
more, Alta.
No. 1058
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in nioiuli.   Sick and Benefit Society attached.—J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in tli a Opera House,
Coleman,—J. Mitchell, Sec. Hox
105, Coleman.
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benoflt Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 In Miners' Hall. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Frank Itarrlngliani.-Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday ot Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
No. 2633
' Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
Coleman.—J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached.—Thos. G. Harries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta.
No. 949
Moet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sun-
day of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. N'o Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
1'iuiiibui'g, Altii.
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12tli Avenue Xorth.—L. Moore, Sec-Treas,
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall. — James
Burke, Sec, Box 36, Bellevue,
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock In the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Kims, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House, sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hutter, Sec.
The Limit of Reform
y*k A Aick A AAA Antcktutti
By Arthur Wallace Calhoun
Professor of Sociology and Economics,
Mary ville College
Financial Statement
British and Colonial                   \
Government     and  	
^Tfov-fiiclal     Securities JI.3C4.731.62
Foreign Government
Securities    1,364,973 44
British and Colonial
Railway Mortgage
Bonds and Ordinary Stocks       425,720.70
American Railway
•IJonds :  3,835.873.34
Miscellaneous Debentures    1,837,380.44
Mortgages on Freehold and Leasehold
Properties and other Securities   1.418,282,86
Freehold nnd Leasehold Premises .... 1,279,878.22
Branch Agency and
other Balances ... 1,248,074.66
Cash at Bankers and
ln hand       586.567.88
Investments        and   ,,
Cash   lu  Trustee's
■hands       68.887.42
Total AmU $13,431,270,58
Reserve for Unoarn-
ed     Prftmluma    nn
unexpired risks ...$3,636,23!).43
Reserve for Undetermined Claims  3,218,000.00
Reserve for General
Contingency Fund . 1,638,41)3.95
Reserve for Unclaimed Dividends and
nil other Liabilities
(except capital)  ..    733,81(2.72
Surplus to Policyholders   4,182,644.48
Net   Premiums   Re-
-reived (lees   re-Insurances   and   bonuses)    110,003.848. IS
Interest on Investments and all oilier
sources     390,469.42
Losses, Commissions,
Salaries   and    all
other payments ...$8.743,527.25
iThe old stdgma attaching to the
word "Socialism" is fast fading. The
attempt to discredit measures of social advance 'by calling them Socialistic is proving so futile that wise reactionaries are driven to other tactics.
The time is just about here for mild
reformers to seek credit .for their
schemes by calling them Socialistic.
There is abroad in the land a good-
natured complacency, which bunches
into one happy group all measures of
social welfare' and tries to make it
appear that it matters little what a
man's social creed is, provided he really means well. We are becoming
familiar with variegated attempts to
formulate a social program on which
4very "good citizen" can stand and
work, no matter what notions he may
•have as to the trend of social evolution or the desirable direction of social advance. It Is almost taken for
granted that if the proper oharm can
be hit upon .we shall see Anarchist, Socialist, Industrialist, Individualist, and
Capitalist in benign rapport. And it
•is in the name of science that such
vapory, visions are thrust upon us. If
due care is not exercised, the workers
•for social betterment will- be tangled
into a nondescript muddle very gratifying to the wdelders of privilege. The
congratulations heaped upon opportunism in the Socialist ranks are but evidences of this new nightmare that is
Not long since an eminent economist ridiculed a subordinate who felt
called upon to battle as a Socialist.
"Now, see here," said the great man,
"you believe in this, and that,-and the
■otfyer thing. So do I. You want to
•work for them. So do I. But I don't
call myself a Socialist. And what's
the use of your flying the red flag,
and mouthing re volution?" Thia incident is a fair example of prevailing
confusion. The answer is easy. The
young man should have answered his
eminent superior thus: "We -both want
to go in a certain direction., I flock
with those that'are pushing with all
their might in |hat direction: You, in
your unwillingness'to join us, find no
alternative save co-ofieration with
those that are being unwillingly dragged toward Socialism, or are going
part way with the muddled notion that
somehow or other they may thus
avoid going the whole way." The one
■was working with those that believed
.with him. The other was thrown into
a crowd that largely • resented his
trend. .But tills was more comfortable, of course, than to wear the red.
It is just at this point that a clearing
ly when it is agreed to impose equal
conditions 'by law upon all employers
of labor, does it become evident to all
open-eyed capitalists that it pays to
make these conditions increasingly
stiff, in order to elevate the efficiency
of the human chattels to the desired
point. This point of view, sets the
measure to the progress of reform, under capitalism.
The matter may be made perfectly
intelligible by applying to capitalist reform the well-known economic category, the law of diminishing returns.
We -inay state it thus: It will .pay caipitalists to enact reforms improving the
est, and' particularly bf class interest,
the capitalist that, opposes legislation
for the betterment of the life conditions of the wage-slave is a fool, because, forsooth, lean cattle without
shelter from the blast will not fill the
drover's pocketbook. Let us see
which is the fool.
Begin with the matter of industrial
education. Capitalists now realize
that it does not pay to keep all the
workers densely, ignorant. The capitalists spirit Is indeed, pushing vocational training of a narrow type, designed 4,0 fit tlie coming generation of
poor for doing in a menial way the
conditions of  labor,  so  long as the menial labor that their menial fathers
money  thus   sacrificed  pays normal are now doing.    But the intention is
dividends in increased efficiency. But
the point will <be readied presently
where an addition to the well-being of
that they shall do it more effectively
in order to pile up the dollars faster
for  their masters.    Corporations are
la-bor will add'a diminishing increment (even using the public school  system
to its' efficiency, and presently would In order to secure a race of trained
cease to increase that efficiency in
any appreciable degree. As soon as
reform reaches the point where additional outlay In reform will not pay
operators. This is the road to industrial efficiency. American capitalism
must take it, or lose its advantage
over the capitalism of Europe.    But
normal dividends to the capitalist, one!our plutocratic overseers have not yet
of two things must happen. Reform jworked out all the consequences that
must cease, or capitalism is under-! lurk in their schemes of education,
mined.   When the point is passed at They are perhaps unaware that even
which reform ceases to 'be profitable
to capital, the movement ceases to be
reform and .becomes revolution. Capitalism is rejected. Socialism is under
way. This is the limit of reform under
We arrive thus at a critierion that
enables us to discriminate between reformer and revolutionist. The man
that proposes to 'better social conditions only up to the point at which additional betterment will cease to pay
Ihe capitalist is a reformer. The'man
that proposes to continue social improvement indefinitely, not caring
what happens to the capitalist as such,
Is a revolutionist.
At what stage is social reform at
prest-nt? Evidently we are just entering upon the period whose dominant
characteristic will be a shrewd recognition on the part of capital that, "welfare Vork" in every sense is, if not
overdone, a paying proposition. Some
capitalists have recognized this fact
in the past.   'But the bulk of the cap-
That "real wages" in London
dropped by 5 per cent .between 1900
and 1912 was the conclusion arrived
at in a paper read by Mrs. Frances
Wood before the Royal Statistical Society recently; The president, Prof.
F. Y. EMgeworth, was in the chair.
The results obtained under the
various sections were summarized in
the following table:
Average, 1900-12—100
Retail food prices     97.2
Cost of living     97.5
Wages .<*. 103.7
"Real wages"  106.4
Consumption per head. 102
(United Kingdom)
According to the present investigation, between 1900 and 1912 retail
prices in London increased by aibout
8 per cent. During this period■'wages
had not kept pace with prices, even
when the increase which took place
in 1912 was Included. While the cost
of living increased by 7 per cent,
wages, when changes in the amount
of employment were taken into consideration, only increased by ajbout
1 per cent. In other words, taking
the period as a whole, "real wages"
in London showed a marked decrease.
Bebwee.ii 1900 and 190!) they dropped
by 13 per cent, and between 1909 and
1912 rose by about .S per cent, with
the net result thai for the whole
period they actually dropped by 5 per
Are You Working
to the masses, in tho class struggle,
any training, however inadequate and
narrow, is better than none, and that
every increment of skill, other things
being equal, makes the man so much
less a slave. Unless capitalism can
couple with its plan for. narrow voca-
tionallsm, a thorough training in sub-
missiveness and sheepishness, it is
arming labor against capital. We may,
'accordingly, expect a boom of the
movement for the diversion of public
funds to the support "of parochial
schools. 'But it is safe to say that experience will in the long run prove
that the height of industrial skill and
efficiency demanded iby modern capitalism can not be secured without giving real education to the masses. It
ls equally clear that to Impart this
genuine education writes the death
warrant of. capitalism.
Here, then, is the dilemma. Capitalism may take either fork of the
road: Keep the-masses ignorant, and
thereby servile, but at the cost of los
italisits  are  only   getting  their   eyes ing first place in the industrial rival
ry of Uie nations; or, educate the
■masses for efficiency, and hold first
rank in ■international competition, but
at the cost, of whetting the proletariat
to a sense of its potential strength.
Either course is ruin to American capitalism, and  there is no third alter
Don't Let Gray Hair Make You Look
Prematurely Old
Nothing will so quickly and surely
rob a woman of her charm as gray anil
faded hair, and nothing is so easily
A few applications of Hay's Hair
Health will restore gray hair to its
natural color and luxuriance. It is not
a dye. It is a tonic that stimulates
and invigorates the scalp and hair
roots to the proper performance of
their functions, thereby bringing back
the original color of the hair. It cure's
Your money will be refunded if U
fails to do this.
$1.00. 50c, 25c. Get it at bur store.
Sold and recommended by .McLean's
Drug Store.
.If you are not healthy you ARE
working  uphill.
Disinclination to work or play is
not—iu nine cases out of ten—caused
by  LAZINESS, but by sicknes?.
That "don't feel good" sensation
won't send you to a doctor—you probably don't think it  i.s serious enough. *
But it is almost a sure sign of Indigestion, Dyspepsia or Biliousness.
Nest time you "don't feel good" try
15 drops of Mothor Seigel's Curative
Syrup. You'll get relief—QUICKLY.
This old English remedy has been
TRIED and PROVEN during the past
40 YEARS in every quarter *.T the
It has a wonderful effect upon tho
stomach end stimulates thc digestive
organs  to   normal ■action.
Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup 13
almost purely herbal—it !.« a nl.-ill-
latlon of certain Roots, Barks and
Leaves—Nature's 'remedy   for  .i   -J:-!-
irdered   stomach.
, *".' *
Order a bottle of Mother SeigelV Curative Syrup—try it out, then note tho
improvement   in   your   health.
Price   $1.00      Tri;il  Size,   50c.
For Sale by
Thegcapitalists furnish the saddle
but the pliite press supply the blinders and bridles for the riding of labor.
Under capitalism we work merely
to live and live merely to work. Under Socialism we will live to enjoy our
work. ,,,'    .
The worker owns nothing but his
muscles, and. he sells them in such a'
way as to make the purchaser rich
and keep the seller poor.
open to the possibilities of large re
turns in cash from investment' in social betterment. As long as this period lasts, no social advence, however
radical, can be called revolutionary.
If progress could be confined within
dividend-ib^aring limits the capitalist
would   needs   be  satisfied.    The  at- native, unless we imagine an interna- j
tempt so to confine it tends to State itional coalition of capital to keep the
Capitalism. j masses everywhere In servile stupid-
It may be wondered whether the at-' ity, even iK the cost of inefficiency, on
tempt to keep reform within bounds i the principle that half a loaf is -better
where It will add to dividends will ye-! than no .bread. But such a combina-
suit in ultimate standstill. In order ;tion is, in view of the present awaken-
must be made if we would avoi;t the to a]iswer this question, we lused only dug toward efficiency and of the pres-
■amorphous mix-tip referred -to pre- f>Y^rplM^s*Am/>-jiii,nim»*aai^-Y^
vlously. j    At almost every point along the line!able.
Very  few  Socialists  today   believej0f socjai advance, the capitalist is be-;    Or take the larger question of se-
in   the  alleged theory of Increasing! tween  the  devil  and   the  deep  sea. icuring for the  masses decent llvini;
misery.    Higher criticism informs us'There seems to be n sort of fatalism ■ conditions.   The progressive capitalist!
that Marx did not intend to teach that, that he cannot escape.    His task is, means to do this, because by so doing \
the condition of labor wiil in fact be-!]pSi. s|ni,,]e than that of the traditional Ihe hopes to equip himself with -better
come Increasingly worse.    He recog- ■ voyagers between Scylla and Charyb-! human machines.   He fancies also thai',
nlzed. It seems, a counteracting force (j|gi for they might, perchance, keep j such palliatives will make the workers
Y.' .
id*9* A
g?*"i--r  *j$
I xx
in enlightened labor organization—a
force that might neutralize lu greater
or less degree what he conceived to
better contented and hence more profitable. He must win the maximum of
efficiency or lose in the race of tlio
CLAIMS PAID,  EXCCOD •50,000,000.00
Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corp. Ltd. of London Eng.
A. B. CAMPBELL, Dist. Agent
Miners' Union Hall Block       -      Fernie, B.C.
"the middle or the road" and escape
But the dice with which our friend
'•■he  plutocrat is playing are loaded   	
be the normal tendency under capital- against him. He is "in blood stepped nations. This motive accounts tor
ism unrestrained—the tendency tojin R0 fnr that should" he "wade no!whatever willingness exists on the
proletarian deterioration. Moreover, (morei returning were as tedious as j part of German capitalism to encour-
vlewlng tjie question from a different j go 0'er,» I age the  so-called  "municipal   Social-
angle, "Marxians tell us that while dur-j we are being treated to an edifying j ism." But if the capitalist pursues
Ing the past generations the^condition i spectacle of cleavage in the ranks of l such tactics, the working class, arous-
of labor shows a marked upward \ capital. Certain supposedly wiser cap. ed to higher wants and greater .power,
trend, still the curve of welfare ofthe nnlUts are discarding the traditional hvill unseat him, and use the superior
lulssez faire ("let alone"! policy. Per-! efficiency (that capitalism has cultl-
haps Its lineage Is too unsavory, forjvated for the sake of profits) to sat-
it harks back to the aristocrats around isfy tho wants that have grown too
the cross of Christ with their sneering!groat to be satisfied under capitalism
upper classes Is diverging more and
more aibovo that or the workers, no
that relatively the condition of labor
i Is less favorable than of old.   In Socialist parlance, the degree of exploit-
latlon Is greater.
It would appear, then, that progres-
Whichever of the two courses American capitalism may follow—disregard
cry, "Let be,   (lalssez faire), let ub
see whether Ellas will come and tako
,     . .   . „,      _    ,      .    Mm down."   «iince Golgotha, thnt has of living condition's, or safeguard of
«lve improvement of the actual mate- been the slogan of mad plutocracy i living conditions—dooms the svstem;
j «al condition of laibor. and Increase of j gathered around the labor cross. But! In the former case through slackened
;i«B power to -command the comforts of |,!oubtle*s It Is something else ihan!efficiency; in tho latter case through
j life,   may be  Incidental to,  and  coi shame that today lends "progressive" revolution.
hand In hand -with, the'growing nK-jcapitallMs to talk much of the con- *■* Or again, the question of* Alcohol*
! Knuidlzement   of  capitalism  lind  ex- Wirvat!.jn of life, and to muster Arnw-iism.   If the wage-slave Is to ibo effi-
ploltatlon.    This fact enables us to Ke^i\on against their cruder brethren 'dent he must not lm alcoholic   There-
underhand those -modest rc-formera wi10 Rtiu Adhere to the old policy off forn capitalist linHenee would dictate
Iwho nro satisfied with tho most «ica-; „i»iiiifiKttt«»J exploitation. We need Itho suppression of tlio drink traffic.
! gre token* of'Improvement In the; ab- ,„0t j,o surprised to see rising from |» itH probability, capitalism will
I solute level of the proletarian, without: capitalist quarters of the horizon varl-;throw the liquor truffle overboard oro
! stopping to ask whether this uplift Is ■ 0UB aJuj variegated movements alleged j long, and decree mulontil prohibition
| In proportion to the Increasing ?{{l-jto be In the Interest of the laboring \ for efficiency's sake. lint If the uw
jdency of production and tho rapidly „,,,„ I'ndoubtedly there Is something slave is not alcoholic, his brain will
| rising level of capitalist aggrandize-1 noteworthy behind a movement that
iment.   We are enabled also appreciate !-.],,„ .m-Wes the House of Mammon
the willingness of certain benevolenti ngalnst Itself, setting brother against
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy in our old line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends of the
earth anil you know you're secure.   The best in
Is always cheapest and especially so wlifcii it doesn't cohl
renewal or about that exira in-
surance yon want but come right
in at once and have it attended
be so much tho clearer to think, and
liif hand ni) mm It thu tttroimci- to mi.
In his own Interest«. So capitalist pru-
  cMpitaltsts to help Improve the condi.,|)rothfr>   m  tj»at  even   tn   capitalistia«Mot. }„»* been in « dilemma. In somo
Next time'you go to the theatre or!,l0» '" ,a"or' ""* *«n »["°™ t0 '^rank-* It corcew to pass that "a man's
to tbe "movies," Just notice, If you!01*9*8 hl* donations to charity, pro* foes nre they of his own household"
please, how many ot onr iioma ladle* jv!<1^ the rM?!,,Ml«rJi c?",tftntiyA*1** It might help to dear the minds of
have beautiful hslr—glossy. lustrous. !er thtn °r oW- "ut n*'ther or these 1 thn«. socialists, who imvp embarked
and well-dressed. Then. If ymi will i <,J»»*»» '* v*ry Important. ■ The Hveji,, the Progressive party along with
pick out flro or tan of those whon* ■ luxation at present Is, Mow rnrcan re.tnon(|pSf.r)!»tM. *mn<» of whom nr<« men*
lM»lr swiiis xo lie particularly pretty i*om J»»****d hUIioui uudeiiuUniig i opportunist*, while others nee In the
and will ask them what thay use on j «H»ltallsm Itself? movement a bulwark against Social-
It, wafeel sure that at least more thnn'    We u»ed to twlleve that under rapl- Um   !< mleh* h-olp *'»n'e of the frrM.'
half «f them will aay "Harmony Hairjtallsm the wages of labor tended to]comrades io get tliolr bearing* If ihey!forfPjt |t« indispensable efficiency.
UeauUfler." It la fast becoming the [hover around the level of mere physl-j would just ietl»-ct on the new know- tint If. In order to secure this longed-
rage with both men and women who I cm subsistence and propagation, This j ledge that r*f.>rm pays dividends. 'for efficiency, alcoholism l« dlseoiir-
OtO particular about the appearance!theory waa fatally defective for the! The alsi *.t Um- nutter w«» to Winged nnd suppressed, capitalism wl»
of their hair. reason that  the desideratum  under'thai our iwnevoieiu musters, reeognlx- fmd It so much the harder to hood-
criHes it has followed the course of the
Russian government,-which encourag-j
es people to drink-plenty of vodka, j
And I? It doubtful whether the liquor j
Interests are solely to blame on this
tin...    nut   !'   w   •f-.iv-. *'.,   likt!..   'AitiA
American  capitalism  will  choose  to
promote nlcolio|ii»m In order to keep
It* slaus »iit,;ii.,    Is   -Kiinlii thereby
Sprinkle a little Harmony I lair
Deautlfler on your balr each tine be-
fort bruahlng tt Contains no oil; will
not change eolor of hair, nor darken
giwy balr.
To keep baJr and scslp dandruff-free
and clean, use Harmony Hbampoo.
Tbls pur* liquid shampoo given as in
capitalism Is not merely a quota of la-'ing that In tin- pri«swit stage of tiie!W|n|( «,,<[ ahaekle Us workers.   Kither
borers, but a quota of ever trowing ef I same  ihey cannot   hold  their   own | direction polnta to thc finUh of Am-
fioiency.   So we may revise the "Iron. again*! th<» wid unlets the workers cr|ran capitalism,
law of wages" (which, by the way.! are ss efficient ss (.oshIUIp. nr* hentj    a0 «(,„ 9,niy ^jgh, lM> flowed o'H
Marx expressly repudiated) Into this on providing «liid«u«r condition** mm ,|„ detail,   So one of the pha,***-* men-
form:   Under  capitalism,   wages  approve nee*«Mry in order tn make th<M Hotted   Is,  by  itself,  absolutely  <'on-
proslmate the nmount that Is neees- prolcar'nt  i-no a  more effective In■; vlneing, but when mm i»k** thnn all*
•sr)' to maintain the present genera-  r*?':in»-;.'   «.f  ',ii-ti',ti<:liu,  Jtini   a*  H"\ together. In c-ouuecdon with o!h»-r lac-!
tion at'tbe desired level of «»ffleleacy, ltrlt!«tt    ruler*,   barnlnt    from    ihe Ifors Hist might be mention"!, it be-!
Ladies'and Gent's
$30.00 up
Made lo Measure €r
order on the premises
DeBurle & Company
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, E.C.
The dlU'innitm of
of Hie soi'UI legislation put ihrousb In ; <-a.p}tMlfs-m nr.* ttmuslna,   W'tiMi -*,-t of
(•••w!.u;.l i-i:,  •■ "*'*')   V»Y tire Iiflii;:,*:**'!   ^piihluu ,-h'.' U,.. !»ifc«.-*r iwl«    On.**-
iil,HiiliM»lia *,i -«i-lf-.i,u<r
^CKureK'a CnM Waf#r
ftifafsawalsselAtAesrtae wesk.
9j*Jb  no**  Jo^-9^. ^L*wn_f
•Am, s'.jii.d i*:i* n;
(.it- ">t   ;.*!(,   nflt.
»'«.>!*'» nform for
1 «:»cr!l!cc fifitii-m-y.
•H'llli;   I !)'•   III.MM' j   -*i-!'-
Ii>'- mkv nf t'ttU ',1'iit-y
i,i, .(P,*.,** |« i,, .»■
., ,:,;,Hi*:l» \»'..l«t*ii«'
;..*   't.'. ■■■ l   .in  ,'n
r   * rtt*
!I#^iilS2r«ili!^,i'',,*er th*«,0»mi*-tt'*m' ,0 rmr ,,,*, »'"'«w*'!In«t generation'event* of iln- !'w»r War thnt the m-ui-iW|»n, io ntipear t»«t the vtr* :••• "•.•<»
.Zt\ J^mtS i!HLI- »^2iiT .t.^1.1., *4' tU d«»;*i-wd i^Uj IiWh. i*-**,.!*,*.,; *,t hits'-ia i»«>i »ww«i -mn«-,mnhycmmm fteht for us again*! the w>+
!^n!^-  vSSF^t T2f   *!K!? nt ^w*l^     »»  •»».* •»'*»>' ** »1'"!.   ,>---A',^<,A -*■•.   .V-m   n.  prosr;«m uf,,.,«» m-I-m.    Th.. limit nf reform im* t
fsl ..till -VS2-«Jrl.rJl -»i.., . J-Li Uwrtfore. Owl xhv normal u-thl*!U*c> vf ti.»u**-in.no!i. »*.hl<-l» it. the »l*i'ifl->'»iie« ir,u>|,ftn»m l« Hear
tne entire operst on esges on!> a f«w     ,j j,    ^ ,wtojjgfj, |g Ut im!,wu*,    - *
momenta,   (kmuins nothlna that <-sn-Bh$*,„,|lh. ,!1/<.omj!,i<»., ,,> i.hir  t«.
hanu tto toir;; Umvo* m* banhaeM „„,„,„,,, '.^ mvh \mvvau,m.u{ y ;1
jor »tlcMlneaa--Just a sweet cteanll- fnm nf mow inttt„w mttlvaffen 'tn-
iUi'm- tmmi u|nm tbe t^pStalUl by  ib- «»••
j -Itoth preparations eome In o>M-sh«w- cev#itv of me*><ln« world eom»w»«Niwi
,      ....*,.„„»,.   *,^,*,m,»*.,    ..».« n p*)* im« e*j»ju,^( m fui.t-mie la*
i *n*-H*fl»'f*r  -ton*      t*fo*«np/w*t>   it***r  X *,t". 't    *  - ■     ,     i :,"",     ;i*.**,     '
filter, *l**»w.   Harmonir Hhsmpoo  Uiw. • tn*nier miliar. 1nst oa It t>^v«'''.,'»" *'■
' tn»n  guamgtesMl  no tmliaty   $w  *n rtiltlvste his field mor-*" !n»en*lve)y..
mnry wm:, tmt yeaif mm<*r h*ifk. ff^H-H &■*..$ mErCs *'M*,iT owlh'.    ■■& :« .»   *:
only at tbe wore than tjm Kexsll talo point.  And tbat point of man-enl-
Hiofea, anil In this town only by us. ture marks the limit c,f reform m-:-,i-
,mim>. e-rmte. I*, li*. *:    r, mty y, ohfatetl that. In the -p-m.
'"        "~~~       "" ~ e*»i»lt»I has ln^tradire?! every ltii5*>!Mve,
"In yotifh prepai* for old age." Is nje-n*' In the eondltlt^n of latwr    Th'*
j sn o!d adage.   Today the only thing a {* true, but It e«-a*ea to be true (»«, f ■»*.»
;>«aj»K umh <an d-o io K'pttra t*>t u'd »« «*i'iesl  tit   atnal*tamntr«*> and   «*.'»
;«<!«• is work for Moelalism    <»et Ho^in1- get* «t* *-y*-n o:*ti*.    It  eonlt «•»«  *. -
Itm and you alll hsve the best lasur- -*-%t-.-*-t»<•»! that m.v -<-a|d*a)ls! »«sM f*- I
• ane*>* r**v<*>"* »bi» we* *r*r nnt**n ■**' *• ,»'<>,,-,,•,! *-, '-n-i-.-n-,   *f,,       • »••
!t  '-x'A te   ;ul.S up- h»» ainl**..* #i loti# »s oth*r «'t;»"t-
1 ,  '«•« ■'! * "nt tin tht* ». i'.l     WV,    '
ti»- **. «•» !•• •) 'iff i
«ttl*t(<-f I'i.; f * W»"«»    f> • **i'« *t tttfft It.r    .1 ,4tl't 9   (-'ilff'
Hardware. Paints  aud Huu'jc
Cleaning Utensils
FERNIE       x       B. C.
* hltf-m*
»t t
11* "•-■tr*-
I r**
ta >-... * «i •
i-A. *H*,**t* lm,—
j.*.j)'» J
! ■    -,,   t,r
it »«t
* it* it'    tt-r   *-<f    •  <■*   • I t-%i       ',-f
"I: >r .t'i   i*rtr.Oi> ,h
I if- t
.. IJ It    * '
iti-rt', i-trt^i'. n
"   * i'. -{*•»-'«,   •*
,1 *    f«i.'ie»«,.    *
t  tf- i**r f'    ....    it*
-   • *   'he   K
• t
5 -.-H***.
r   * >t
«-*. t%ti+ta*a.
I,,.***,-   r'*i*\ ., c
■Fftr s*'*  *t  Bit*%3tl*"i  Drug  %Xita
• t ,»,
»In ves"    Tt*'»
a.t-^n.t ui *<■* .* •■*.■■.•-
.n-.tiia-itttt-i h,,,j a,.-
e»'l   of   »he   t",r   »>."
"Htep Ihelv, i4|ea»*
A-wtli end*,"--The .'
,   ,   -   fm*i*0***w+*l*w£*        Ty   •"   fl 1
i iiioui ctxiuu, ivcctJi
».*,,*'     *,,.*-f.f.    f|f!pl,,
, tns* car KtoiM *t
!•-•-»   Ite vie iv.
faster Excursions
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
I'Ji-fi'   <'-l*L<i   If,
all  Mnitttui   v.
H   1>
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
W-c cater its> lh*.' it..*.tikf,,'-^ii>Mn'& ifau't.
Proprietor *im»iw-M-Eifnpw>nwsf»i
- *"i?-r** "pH""""
„yg. ^:*Wi
^l|je Msimi £*2>g0)
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District/Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
v-jti IONI gg) L* B5 L ■''
lias curtailed its sick benefits, they have i-uiitrib-
uteil generously to those Locals in distress. *
Hillcrest is also undergoing a period of depression aiul."working one shift per week steady according, to our correspondent. Bankhead we have
not heard irom, but speuking for Hosmer tve liave
never struck auy alarming prosperity in this camp,
and if there is tiny it is best described l>> the school
boy when he wrote '"The ostrich has a tail, but it
is nothing to speak of!"
Now arises the questioni  What could the District do?   The funds at present in hand would not
last very long were an attempt made to relieve the
'present distress.   -Litigation consumes a large por-jj|
tion of the funds ami on more than one occasion 'jig
the District has been forced to accept outside fts-li
sistanee   when   eondueiing   lengthy   legal   cases.!
This is one good reason why there should be a i
substantial'reserve,  apart  from  any  sentimental j
*■■ However, we should not attempt to belittle the
sufferings*"of those brothers in camps that are
practically shut down, (.'ynie.nl regrets are nol
calculated to allay tlie pangs of hunger or clothe
the naked, and every intelligent worker realizes
that the period of depression is not the result of
a few misplaced votes, while to suggest that this is
so is inconsistent' and ridiculous.
Several brothers have written us with reference
to performing work for the Ledger, and so add to
l heir present slender income.    We would like to
point out at this time that the Ledger is returning
to the mine'.'workers in the shape of payment for
correspondence and commission upon subscriptions
nearly -il&OO.OO annually, and will quote the case
of one brother in Coleman who. within a fortnight,
secured eighty-six subscriptions, and received frpm
us some ^21.50 for his efforts.    Last month we
paid tyit.somewhere in the neighborhood of $130.00
for correspondence.    Two of these correspondents
were not members of the V. M. AV. of A., and we
have decided to ask these gentlemen to cease contributing, and will be glad to receive offers for
correspondence in Frank and Blairmore. When
this is done, every regular correspondent will be*
;i member of the District.
We would also suggest that some might canvas
for subscriptions, printing orders  and advertisements, and we will pay a generous commission on
jail collections.   Although this may amount to only
i a few dollars, it will be found acceptable, as tmxex*-
Vancouver has been greatly disturbed over one
of the 'most-brutal and ghastly murders ever perpetrated iu that city, and the feeling of the inhabitants is accentiuited by the fact that.an Oriental
a Chinese lad of seventeen years'of age) is accused
of the crime. *,.'."
As is usual, a certain portion of.the press has discovered that, the accused (Kong) some two years
ago identified himself witli a society of young
■Chinamen, who studied communism and advocated
the principles of anarchy. So far the news agencies have been unable to trace any Socialistic alliance, but we can hope that within the next few
days it will-be stated,,on- the usual indisputable
authority 77) that Kong was a member of the Social ist Party,       °'
A ■sequel to the murder is that the city council
of Vancouver liave decided to take action in the
matter of segregating Oriental children from white
children. Further, a resolution was adopted pledging the City council to give contracts for supplies
only to those firms who employ white men, provided TI1K1R TERMS WERE ON A LEVEL WITH
The wonderful benignity of the lasl paragraph
is awful, and the altitude to which generosity soars
on such occasions marvellous.   Evidently the while
man will secure all the business when he «<lop1s| a] if,,tmi m.(1jvi,(i indicate. The Ledger has cosl
the Oriental standard of living. This is what wej qnitl, a ,)it to nm in tho past> and.there is no rea-
have been trying to hammer into the heads of some mn why injne workers sho„ui „0t get a little return
people for a long time: Morals cease to exist when | ovon i£ it i)e in th(? shapo of 1)nyraent for oorrwj.
profits are threatened. The press agency is badly
informed  or the  Vancouver ('ity  Council   is the
^nijAiil lijili.t,»*/.-ini;__liiiii,ili=ikl' l/liniu iiAZ-ne-^-a'-ihlmi'i-.-fl^t'-A--
gether. Are the Chinese or Hindus here because
we love 'em? The Oriental is here because he is
CHEAP! And so long as he is cheaper than the
white main so long will lie stay, regardless of what
effect his morals may have upon others, lie has
.invariably been found splendid material to employ for strike breaking purposes, and on such occasions his docility and industry are-lauded to the
Several unions have raised no objection to Oriental labor, provided Ihey received the same
wages as a while man. Needless to say the white
man always gets first—liis endurance find strength
are invariably greater.
Still, no doubt the Vancouver City Council! will
simmer down after awhile and in the meantime
the least perturbed will bc "John." who will blandly smile and exclaim "Me no sabby!"
We wonder if Bowser will order the discharge of
all Chinese from the Vancouver Island mines? Is
there no fear that some of these generous strike
breakers may have their morals contaminated?
The First of May will be celebrated by the mine
workers of Fernie and Michel in the Civic Park,
West Fernie. A strong committee has been formed to make arrangements and collect subscriptions.
The tradesmen will be asked to contribute towards
this celebration, as it is realized that a number of
people will be attracted to the town and considerable business accrue therefrom. A splendid program will be fixed up and all that will be required
to ensure success is tbe help and co-operation of all
and—of course--the best smile from Old Sol possible.
Look out for the collectors and let's have a real
good time. Every subscriber will receive an official receipt from Gladstone Local Secretary, T.
Crow's Nest Business College
J.   W. Bennett '^Principal
Free Competition
Two non-transferable Scholarships, each for Three Months'
Free Tuition, will be awarded for the best Jwo papers explaining reasons
YOU have equally as good a chance as anybody else. Because you are a poor scholar do not let. that prevent you from
*   it is NOT by the literary style but by the originality of the
ideas expressed that the papers will be adjudged.
This competition will close May lst.
For further particulars write to the College.
P. O. Box 574
Fernie, B. C.
■pondeiu-e or commission.
■Hill"   issue   .if   biM   Week   coutil (Med   several   c.ilil-
municjitions ceply'mu' ''■ "A Worker's" letter,
which was published on the Hth ult, It is »o business of ours lu leply to ciii'iespondeiiee, but
there Wei** several staleiiH'iils made thai were not
sll'ielly   eol't'eel.  altllolltrll   We   do   lull   slUTt^'S!   tllllt
llie same were intentional. We l'el'er lo Ibe assertion ihat several camps ml.I considerably to their
funds bv rt'tainimr pec *"»|iita lax.
S;ir)»kiii«r for Fernie, as the largest of these
eiinqiv we Would call iilteiition lo llie present slate
ol eiiipinyitieiii. Tile ilieli lift Uoiltiuvi idioiii three
•diil'is |ier week steady (.thiit t** those who are work-
mi!.:, v.inle we liave over 'Mi unemployed. Statements are averaging front ♦IO to it-Ci-l last month
and  |o*.*ttme  !>• l»e even  --.lender ihis  month.   S;ill,
ill    •**,!• '■','    nf   til.'i   (ilil
We are writing every Local secretary asking them to give us brief details as to conditions
prevailing iu the various camps, and shall be pleased if they will forward this information as soon as
possible. At is our intention to embody same in a
circular ^ye are preparing to send to every Labor
member and every Labor journal in the Old Country. We do not intend to publish the particulars
other than the name of eamp secretaries supplying
li' the clerks keep up their present agitation it
is reasonably certain that they will succeed in securing a little extra time for recreation. No employer will deny that the clerks in Fernie are deserving of a half-holiday once a week, but some
are possessed with an unholy fear that "tlie other
fellow" will get away with .something, while the
clerks themselves, good fellows that they are, have
been rather too cTiutious.    However, it is to be
The mines were Idle from 3 p. m,
Friday until 3 p. m. Monday; also
from 3 p. in. Tuesday until 3 p. m.
Wednesday; and Thursday to 3 p. m.
The local flyer was filled tp its utmost capacity on Saturday evening,
the attraction at Fernie being the
pictures depleting scenes from 'the
Boer War.
Jack .Manning, one of our local
leather chasers, was taken to Fernie
•hospital on Thursday last <to undergo
an operation. We are glad to learn
that -he is progressing favorably.
The football comimittee have secured a valuable asset to the team for
the coming season in the person of
Tom Walker, late of Fulhani and Sunderland football teams.
The football ground is rapidly Hearing .completion and when finished will
be tlie best ground in the Pass. You
will 'be reminded of the Old Country
football grounds when the stand Is
A lubllc meeting was held in the
Club Hall, Coal Creek, on Sunday af-
ternoci;, for the purpose -of organizing
lacrosse in Coal Creek. Tbe meetiti:?
was fairly well attended. Dr. Workman (dairman) gave the reasons for
tne meeting ibeing called and a very
, interesting address on the gams In
general. Robert Schram followed with
a :brie,f-outllne of the construction and
use of the stick; also mentioned the
league with Ferrie, in which an offer
of 12 gold medals for open competition among the juniors was promised
by Mr. Lally, The meeting then decided to form a lacrosse team, ar.d the
ro'.iowlng officers were e.lpcted; Hon.
president. It. W. Woods, Fernie; pre-
sl-ient, Dr. Workman; vice president,
C. J, Bulirer; secretary-treasurer, S. I.
Horton; committee, Robert Schram,
A, Blaickie, T. Martin, H. Page, G.
Young, F. Smith, J. Steele. T. Fur-
neaux. We learn that arrangements
have been made by the lacrosse committee for the purchase of a supply of
sticks. Anyone desirous of joining
are requested to hand In their names
to Dr. Workman or Robert Schram.
Hurry up, boys, and show Fernie bow
tj play the game.
Among the things we would like to
know are: Why did C  run*'when
he heard the band play ? Who planted
the bunch of fives on the boko of one
of our leading citizens? Why did we
not have the pleasure of seeing Dick
at Church on Sunday last?
Tickets are now on sale for the
draw .for the Singer sewing machine
and also a refrigerator, the property
of Lowthcr Morton. Tickets 25 cents
Persons desirous of inking a course
'Michel Football Club had their first
.practice match on Saturday last, a
picked team playing a team from Natal and resulting in favor of .Natal by
two goals to one. ; Another practice
match takes place on Good Friday
for the purpose of selecting the team
for the opening matches of the season.
The Kootenay Hotel/ Natal, has
changed hands this week, !Mr. G.
.Stead-man turning the 'business over
to V. Altimore, in which the new
management gave a free house from
10 a. m. to 6 p. m„ also a supper from
6 p. m. to 8 p. m. The closing stage
was a dance in Martin's Hall,' the
Fernie Italian Band providing the
music for dancing.
*.*. Mr. Crahan .was Dusy on 'Monday
doing the conveying aot between the
two towns. :-*'■'■■
Everybody is in the way of'raising
poultry this year, so there, iwill be no'
scarcity ofs chicken  next Christmas.
Have you 'been initiated to the roller skating club yet? If not, why not?
Everybody's doing it.
We hear Pete Sandergraff, Mr. Joe
Wagner's co-partner of the Great
•Northern Hotel, Natal, has taken very
ill in Spokane. Mr. Joe Wagner having visited,him assures us he Is In a
critical condition, liis many friends
wish him a speedy recovery.
Michel mines are working steady,
but crowds of fresh -faces can be seen
around every day.
■A_re_iH>rt_cam*e_tQ-UBJJiat som&_iier
earnestly  hoped  lhat  the proprietor*  of various toi' mine rescue workare requested to
i ii'i'       * n       i   i ,...ti.,„.   ...i   .,,.„„„   irAilianil lii ilit'lv luimuti ui Joliu Cooiuho,
establishments   wilt   p*l   together   and   nprco   to ;!lMlMllfl.   x0 chargi-made for this
Ki'iint the bovs one hiilf-lioliday per week—i. e..' course,
close their n\wen at noon and keep closed until U.e j s^JJ^Xn °thf Co^eS'SlX
following morning, j slor Hand gave an open air concert.
.... • |       ,,    ll„„,i ,„ „«, i,,„,„,. ,1..,, ,, i The weather wu» all that could be de-
When one considers the number of hour* thai a j Hlm|( uU(1 M the nmrth* |tw,M f,oat.
clerk   is   required  to   work,  tlie  tediniiKtiess   mulled  o'er the  breeze  people  -gathered
c i.'        „.,...:„.,    i,,!:,,™  iw.*,.i>nw*i.5 frum every point  of the camp,    A
sirenupiiHiH'MH m|   his oeeupation—tedioux because (nvli,nm ,/ro«ram was given In the
he has to please, and strenuous because he has to <buiilnm portion  <Coyote 8U, after
,t* .i    vi.    ...-.;<;....    ...  ,i  „tnw,'i    ,,..,! .vliich n visit waa made tuid selections
serve  (lew  people like w«HniK—ill a htoro>—>\«»j mny^j ftt tto4l h0uiie» of several prom-
Huii.u-r liml l.c ha* Wui luui.ul lu .^I'vtr.i! -.-■.- !"!•.;;; Ir.- v.; \",* wA.vvj of 'h ' -xr^.   Tlv r<-
.... turn to Ferule was mnde by the ll
iuul pat lem ly. ! o'clock imln.   We w«re <|iilte mirfirl*-
The Alhlenc .Wcmtioi, have taKcn an «'»«"* j Jjf^^^^^
in the iiiii I ter tlii* year, and we unden-ttiiml Unit J .promise them a hearty rapport from
e empluvcrs are only t«.o willinjf to re.; C'onl Creek.   Now. l>o>». tllK In!    !*!
.   '    '        „   .       ,   .   ,    , ,        „,, .  ! Uie beat band win.
.n<ri,!,.c   the  .nistnc**  of  llie  elcrU*    chum,     I 111*      The iliui.o eonualtlee Imve deeUld
to i'lone the dunce* for tho mason,
ArrfitiK-cnieiitti nre tielnp made for u
.nu.-.' nf Uh
intfiii/.c thi
hiilf-holidny should menu a tfrent iuipeiiiK to spori,
i «    i   f i .        ..... .. : i r   »!.,.!! I -Arranif-em-eni* are oeinp ma
;nd wc may lnt»!< forward lo cuumeivia! fni.tlitill. j gmi(| twM iMW U} ,|(J hm m Wei|.
d lh.- fitd  that -fihiiKiiihc l.ifiil
hasi'lmll. Iciini*. liienwue nut! irn!l' cluhs spritqriiu: ■ aendny, April ir.t'h,   Ailmlfitloit
., r . H«'frenliin-fMitit  provltied,
r-i .'ii the near future,
son or persons looted the lockers in
the swash house of some of the miners,
taking away clothes and what money
■they could find.,
Michel Local Union Notes
The regular meeting was held on
Sunday last at 2 p. m„ Bro. R. Jones
presiding with a fairly good attendance. Uro. A. J. Carter, secrelary-
treasurer, was present. The minutes
of previous meeting were adopted as
read. The secretory read the correspondence, one important item being In
reference to tlie bonding of Local secretary. The Insurance company that
was recommended by tbe International did not meet with the approval of
the Local Union, therefore they are
trying to get satisfaction from another source.
The sick committee gave In their
report, which was accepted.
Two cases came up for relief, it being necessary to appoint a committee
and brlnjc la the report at the next
The usual order of .business being
dealt witli, Bro. A. J.^Carter took the
floor to give In the International re-
port that took place nt the convention,
Indianapolis.    Before delivering his
report, he gave an Interesting outline
of all the camps in the Pasis, the condition!" tlmt were prevailing In those
camps that were shut down, nnd also
those that were on the verge of being
shut down, which he pointed out did
net only apply to the mining tout a
depression In all branches of Irade.
After this was thoroughly dealt with
he coniiiieiiced with the report, which
lie k«vc as briefly as poMlble. hut
outline*!   the  resolution   and   amend-
nieut*. which was very Interesting to
those members present.  He also commented on the able manner John P.
White handled the convention, both
at the comnn-iieemeiit and at the do*.
li,* »i.tn.'.    Tilt* Colorado,  Michigan.
Vancouver and Cain mot strikes end
the conditions prevalllmr In the*e dis-
irleis was dealt with ainl -he ntiltudej
of the mllltla and others employed to I
crush the strikers.   After nro. Carter1
flnlehe<| hl« report, wliich the Local;
Union consider was aSily and lntelll-j
gently given nnd quite witisfftetory, m
vole of thank* wux pruned nnd well j
responded to, j
The statements for the Inst'three I
Fare and One Third for Round Trip, all stations
Port Arthur and West. Going dates April 9th
to 12th. For further particulars apply to nearest
Agent or to
R. DAWSON, District Passenger Agent
The Metal used to cast Type for this
Paper is supplied by
Great Western Smelting &
Refining Co.
971 Main St.        -       Vancouver, B.C
I   To Sports Committees
open for engagements.  Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc. Apply
ROBT. CONNELL, Secretary.
P.O. Box 699 - Fertile, B.C.
iiionlliK tieliiK r-Htd out nihl MtUl'iii'-
 , ,,   I lorily d<-;t!t  with, the ni-xt order of
Hire llttlo mniils rrom .---.    For; binlnef* «;■.» to elect Inspection com-;
:«-m«hXr of this  luol; out for th?   mitt.'** for the vitrloii* miiie*.   Tin*
urtiti'l wnwn io *e li«-ld shortly under following were elected for the entiling;
tlu. i.iiMplciH of th.-AnmHw IiramBt!.»t*tiirP(,  nioiitlm,  two  Inipwitons  |wr!
Society. j month: james Merger end lien llall
April  14—15
Special Engagement
The Well Known Olive J, Eckhardt Company
'Is Marriage a Failure?'
The Best Comedy ofthe Saason
Wednesday-"Ready Money"
A Powerful Problem Pl»y
Specie! Iraie ee Tuesday Nlfjht from Coal Creak,   teats now on sale
V.iin  lloll.iiiil h,m t»k«n oviir tlie; for new No. S East mine; John Pri"' Ttiwuinv l»*t mul from nil r»'i»»rt# Ittnuel. that Is If AiiiH^rsnws «o for nny.
Harry <;r«**or>' for o!«l Xo. 3 mine;; ,iroVP(| to htt lh* serial stire«>s» of the j thing.
<•mitu'ol of tin* burlier «h<»ii at thi» -t'liib. | nml
Aliic, our lat*> ton«orlal artist, ha*  Al. I». ,Mcl-<aii ami Hicli«r«l I'rive fnr
-■' anil ii iioi-kkui lu FiTttif, , No. H iiitiii'.
»e«»oii. !    The following Bents nr* n>qui>f«t«vl
... , Don'! forppt th* flwnifn's Attrtee on < to turn «|i an4 MT»holi| thn prwiMf* of
wiilti'r t'a.tii|>1jfll, roremnn c»n»en|    Will   \/wn\  < **\ 'r<'Stirt.<»  »lvo us «illM, .iHi    A no0il Um. ,„ aMttred.    j the single stiffs in the mme married
'■■!• mi hi'!'«'   Iun *iv<i'.-*l hln i-'oiiiht- mIii.rl iii'i-uiiiit ol cmnlliloiis invvulllim     w# ^olVs klww wlVilt la tu» tevm-  vs. siii.«;l#, wliklv tttk«s wince oa bnt-
Mnn with this fiompany to tak<* up an)In each rmxp, viz., number of m*m- nkml ()mrfl(, toT a )mm- ,mwic's se^inr41y first. April 11, kiekott 9M ».
T-,"  Uv .1  i,.-*K*h<<r <•?**■»uitra nrt* wit Uhlfis «n«l mimh*«r nt vn-n-pra. marrM ' .V,V.  ^"..'."i"* .V","*!'.'1'.',l'-(,%i*,''-iV Vnv Vrl.'«nt." ftii«!*pr««"*«%*»"nV»Wr-''MVo0'v»>T^'
.it  ;»t,..u..  sum u»i|MnuiHs>' utter*. ,itnu  a.uixn-.  ui  *,;*.-n i'itmi>.    km*» iu- wrloti in «n bv ih««v nw r«»n«ln»y hleh i HrontUmrst, llnrke, l.ynfb, *MeK<*i|vl#,
im.- ,.ti,l'.i!-,,f ijnv„uti% •»»'« Ul»ili«J , l»liu;» wiili K liti-.ttl l*jf ti vlifulut «i
ri'irrtni'ifn nf th*' at*rln't-lik* w*nth*r.i et* af-ihtn tin* to m-ii'f »ll l.ahar m*tn-'•■
\V!',| .|.*.-.«*mI ..M*tr.-i»riea nive tw al'*'* »f. l»nrltsmnu sn'l ml Labor |>8'
*''.;t* ""<i»u!it ftt *rii!i*n'iMs'tiN»*Hilllnir.lM,ni'" ,'1*''"'' <"«'tn!ry.   tin «s ninny
...«».«   «t imi.ii.iiiii P«"«™*iril(.|j( 1||( j.,,,, (.aL  a| !liU u (1)i, ()|||)      Th() nos-n.Tjn.jnsirlM nte tne pi-     A   nrm-vU**,   mosrum   at   futuro
m„. . *..%4,t*,IA..t..:,i9      ,Hl*,l*.**ltttlt9**l.   i "'.■-•,*;      *'.,_ .*-   * **     ;       "....*.    ,   . i.      i *.,.*.**.
*. .mil Mini wr ni nilnere, niarrii
Viw mwn-nuii-i'in i*i**  ix -tiitHUM-vd
illliiK tin' rlvi r Siiink near the tirltlfe,
,t.,.f. „. „r,,.f„.,»»..J. «- ,»*. .-•■■,.■ .«» ;hU U ih«' onli      The IIokii.t ln;lii-!Hnl im> the pi-
rteditmnslnritlon. A'-ldr*-**, Ktllior. l^lirrr.  m'-nt 1" U<n*'*tmr nul will  .u riunre *tn\ m Monday n<>xc the l»?n»n Trou-
► •iik,.'   ifi  ...ih  t-mti    Thin In-1 %W  rl«*a   on   U^tiiwJs.y  Mirnotm :h«4cnrw *l!l tttn;,y the bosMs.
''>,:....'.:,;'u-a1l™lh!♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ;^miovi**. %•««th»>..«.«h««.
' jill Labor pa-
•i  '     ■     |i:il,ll»Ui»'!i!  till*'
... i-.i, An- (ilil Country, ttrt at many j
i..!« .-rn >mi t-tn, as this Is thp only!
i"'In I nf ram'i'itlnif Indleerlmlnatej
rn",   vi iTf*i, liditor, l.fdKiT
Z hiIth* other 0n Tiiemlay nXt Wnlneaday. lli«>
it dfe HI in liZ "Kr-khaMt romjiany «I11 proAuee two
imxHir  full in no*    ,       ..Ia y    { Faliur«r anil
■ **'l
lH»fti mail* It's jo
triwhnrtt-*  will  »iicm
ni.l follow stilt, yUentiy  Moner."   For furthor partlr-
Tli»»   footballers   hav«*   eommeneeil-■ nlars seo adr»rt(sem»nt» on |ia»s ♦
li.i-i'iijf* tin' li-sin-iT nml in>•■ml bt-liin  timl
a    MbanmO    Mat    *t*«    M-jma. ■ -    ^ * * _
.of tot-n rn,,^-ti to bo wartlr.*^ ' ^"f S. f,°0 1*\?^%ae™ ™ if^T^™"*^? to In be e»»mt»
, (the tntero-u of the town are afrai'l lo   * ;' Jim u t-'krir ttit *mat\tntM ' h M'd .T^ <** .*""•*«"« »« »l««re
:,,   ,..H »w H«Wto« .HI tu« their UolW, nude puWIe.   How-^r ,he ^mln* ^n. L TK   "n ™ UV**»in* wry •w»,«-
'-"—■:-      "' ,'\*yt TTv.Xh" i^Lt™^n"tiMntiH tlie mnet^nmA    An .w^,^ iwr**** hw b*t
t'   i iini'   v m-«  11=1" «'i»rn *(•> *'u*. • *f.-jV..,4  -'fttU it,.,!*' ',.', .,  wrf-M*  ,*.-,«(. ";'*"•    '^ '**v-"';',  ■•'''"''  ,    ,.', ','"'      ." * ■>■'»••»*. »'>i   Ui  tti»*i,**i.M *   ttt    iiti»   uo.i
• «.»»««    i. jM«nis Kirattite tnat a t>oay   nrM,n„^_ m «i.k» nkci. on  miv dav..,„». i.«-»-,^_*_. i. ._  -... '^'zx.
uieotijj.ver. *«. ),j,v,. ohuine.1 a «l»i of moat ^,,  .^^ wm ^ m,tf, m t0W mw,
if, t^*i'r,>^<"''"^?n;i1*^?° d0"h< teeen In the lln#-np.
s?>r|sii»rii l» ii proposition tu «» »«t  «*•#■»!iw.» ,;i iln- near future
li U <-iuI:« iMMsIUtv that th«>
&CENS  Iif. ACT  2. "REAOy   MONEY.*"  W6DNt$OA¥, APRIU  '5
v l>C I*
r lri
t (In1 acrda mnr     ftfimo of «!;)• tfi'-belnrfl nf llfmmrr  -\matwtr "pbM\" "Preetina
'llHf ;i itf, ,. h: \\w fipcra  ||ou-«e on   '!u'Mn-tn«'."'  ■*'•■■ Have n ro
SMfobb Cure
Preetina Toar *!■&•, nmeHt-r ero*t tovottn, eimee eoioi.
j. .. f.     ..      i-".niuntWi     at..9 m^* *9 -m.   **»^ ...     ■.. .       .._    _.    . . .._   _   .. _ .   „J
mantle a**, i m(<us TF*. t^',,;*t *mh »um% w. zt.**n THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FE&NIE, B. C, APRIL 11, 1914.
of The  District Camps
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦ *•».» + +..+.*..»..*. ♦ > «.*.*.
►> -**• «.* + ^
The Bellevue Band will give a concert on Sunday next in Bellevue at 3
o'clock, weather permitting. The following is "the program: "Heroes of
Liberty," '-Country Life," "The Martyrs," "Joyous Greetings," "Comrades
In Arms," Austrian Hymns."
IMr. Enoch Williams, who has 'been
iu this camp for some time, left this
week-for his fruit ranch in B. C.
The 'management of the Lyric Theatre has just received a number of
new rolls ifor the piano with the latest
up-to-date music.
Quite a crowd of ,the Bellevue .boys
took In the. football gaime at Hlllcrest
on   Saturday   between   Coleman   and
■Mr. Dick Randall, who .''.eft here
some time ago. returned to camp this
week and ts nor banberlng at Walsh's
pool room.
■Mr. and .Mrs. Bob Riddle and family, who 'have .been in this camp for
some time, left this week for their
home In Durham, England. They are
accompanied Iby .Mrs. Riddle's brother.
Mrs. Joseph Stephenson left camp
this week for her home In Yorkshire,
England, "where she intends visiting
her parents.
Mr. Ijouis Pievidor, who has been in
the lamp cabin at Xo. t mine for
some years ipa6t, severed Ills connection with the company and has accept,
ed a similar -position at the Prank
(Mr. Smart, of Bellevue, has accepted a position as carpenter at the
Frank miiie.
The Bellevue Athletic Association
held their meeting in the Southern
Hotel on Sunday evening. There was
a .big crowd in attendance and quite a
let of 'business gone through.   Regis-
interests of Canada's national game,
arrived in Bellevue on Wednesday last
and on Thursday visited the schools
of Bellevue, Hillcrest, Frank, Blairmore and Coleman, where he addressed the 'boys on the merits of lacrosse.
-"Mr. Lally is a manufacturer of lacrosse sticks, and ihe is supplying
them to Uie boys at fifty cents each,
which is one third of the regular
price charged by retailers. In addition he has offered twelve beautiful
gold medaJs for the "winning team of
a school league formed from the five
teams above .mentioned. These medals will ibe on display in the different
stores wljere the sticks are to be sold
some time around May 10th.
There is a possibility of Bellevue
and Coleman having senior lacrosse
teams this year and,with Penile and
Macleod and Pincher Creek a league
slfould ibe formed later on.
A hard times basket eocial will be
held in Bellevue Methodist Church on
Easter .Monday. April 13. A splendid
program *lias "been arranged.
A course in gymnastics was opened
this week by Mr. Geary, of Maple
Leaf. Mr. Geary is a certificated
gymnasium instructor in the British
army and his lessons will be carried
on on tlie most approved methods.
Classes meet as>follows: Tuesday and
Thursday afternoons at 4.30 for hoys.
Glasses for men will meet at 8 ip. m.
pn the same days. The classes will
be conducted In Bellevue Church
building. As there Is a limited space
all intending participants should get
in at once. ..,
A large number of Bellevue artists
featured on the program at the Frank
rocrball .basket social on Wednesday
night..' ,'.     ■ :;
Bellevue Local Union Notes
Our meeting convened as usual witli
the president in the chair and a fair
crowd in attendance. The minutes of
previous meeting were adopted as
read. Correspondence from Local 1058
A shareholders' meeting of the
Frank Co-operative Society, Ltd., will
be held in the Miners' Hall on April
nth, at 7 p. m. Business: election
of officers.
The Bohemian people .of town held
Hall on 'Monday night.
Football is receiving its due share
of attention around here at present.
Apart from all other -doings the big
basket social tonight (Wednesday)
j is going co show .what we mean in
football lines.
A bas&ball team, has been organized
in connection with the Social League,
which is now practising to meet opponents.
Last Wednesday, April 1st, the rate-
Needless to say our distress committee felt very grateful for the gift from
•Michel, hut so far it is all we have received. The following Locals, however, have not yet been heard from:
Fernie, Hosmer, Carbondale, and .we
a masquerade dance in the old Union-Riresuime  they  still  have our appeal
11 ill nn Aiimru,. r..-0-i.i. under consideration, -but all the other
Locals appealed to have replied stating their inability to help us.
Wanted, at Beaver Mines, 100 men,
including miners, lumberjacks, push
ers and peddlars, to call at the new
hotel and assist in unloading the cellar stock. The letters of introduction
are C. A. S. H.
Louis and Mrs. Fraser sent to Stork-
land for a son and heir.   The goods
 -.,, ....... r.„, -...v luic .   ,      delivered in the earlv part of last
S^cS tSi^ W !ru£ i «£■■"£ -lebnited the'event with
■having "ceased to be" when,the gov-!     * ' °       ,
eminent took over the school, and i 0n luesday ot last week the heads
now the government not bavin? done, °r the Canadian Coal & Coke Co. hon-
anythlng 'beyond appointing an official j ored Beaver with a visit. What the
trustee were anxious to hand it back.! outcome may be we cannot say, but
Mr. A. I. Blais was elected for a three, 'lungs cannat get much worse,
years term,  Mr. Hilton for two and I     Mrs. 'McCulloch. who celebrated her
up. The management committee has
a big week's work to get through. A
basket social and dance will be held
■in the near future. Watch for the announcement and be there.
IMr. Patrick Joyce pulled his time
and left tor pastures new. Hope you
make it stick, Pat
A little stranger looked In on -Mr. p _ 	
nnd -Mrs. Jack MacXeil last week In I duty, there should be no trouble In
the <for.m of a 'bouncing baby 'boy.       j presenting conditions as they really
A class in first aid will be com-i ar!. In this country,
inenced in connection with Tom Ste- ;    The circular from the International
phenson's mining classes.in the near i officers calling for a referendum to
future.   The classes will he held in • be lakea as t0 whether we are In fa-
Ilellevue's husv church. ,; .vor or not oi the ■Policy as laid down
„AV.  H. Irwin will preach in Blair! Jy*;fln^gJ^.*J »"»"•»/
more Presbyterian Church on Easter ^^ ™.iu.?EhL.?e.™*J __1!«".rea?
of some action to bring before the
working classes of European'countries
the condition of things as they really
are in this Western cbuntry and not
as depicted by some of the prostituted
newspapers  circulated there.    With | March 31st, was also considered~rtfa~
all the official journals of organized ; tiv-R <tn ,t*io immUnfUn o„n.„-t«»- ..*
Mr. Kasper Holub if or one.
Beaver Mines Local Union Notes
The regular meeting of this Local
was convened hy the president, Bro.
G. Nicholson, at 3 p. m. on Sunday.
A good crowd were present, the objects of most being to. press their
claims for relief. After the minutes
..were' disposed of the secretary read
•the correspondence, most of which
was in connection with the appeals
for financial assistance. The following letter from Dr. Connor, Pincher
Creek, was also considered:
Pincher Creek, Alta., April 3rd, 1914.
Gentlemen,—-As '.-work at the mines
has ibeen so irregular during the past
few months, and some of the cheques:
received '.by some men so small that j
it has not 'been,possible for them to
pay the deductions for medical services, T have arranged with 'Mr. N,
•Morrison to deduct the „ $1.50 per
month as per contract when most convenient. This will insure all men ami
save me .bothering about who has paid
and who has not.
I am, yours respectfully,
A letter from Hillcrest Loi;al dated
golden wedding on the 13th of last
month, had a serious attack of hemorrhage and vomiting of blood about the
■middle of last week. We are pleased
to say that under Dr. Connor's treatment Granny is able to be up again,
and that she may soon recover her
usual good health is the wish of all
.'who know her.
Frank Nicholson, miner, and Alex.
Nicholson, pumpman, who left here
for Great Palls a fortnight ago, returned to camp on Sunday evening.
They both report, that it would he
Wales, and taken up her residence in
West Coleman.
Mr. and Mrs. Edgar William are
also the latest arrivals from Penny
Craig and taken up their residence
in Coleman
Coleman Football C.1u*'j journeyed to
Hillcrest on Saturday, the 4th, and
defeated the local boys in a game of
foot'bali by the score of one goal t'o
iiii, iMcDonald doing the needful.
HL.crest is due at Coleman on
Saturday, when a very fast game
should be witnessed. The proceeds of
the game go towards the beautifying
of the graves of two pf their departed
comrades, the late Mr. .Jonathan Graham and -Mr. W. Kelly.
The Coleman Opera House was
crowded on Monday night to witness
■the beautiful pictures of tha life of
Christ, Tbe Hev. Mrs. Smith lectured
on the various scenes of Ilis life.
A slight fire occurred in the offices
of C. P. Willimott on Monday morning. Fortunately no great amount of
damage was done.
T. G. Harries  was a Coleman
itor on Friday on business.
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. R. McLeod, on
'March 31st, a daughter.
iMr. J. W. Makln is spending the
week end with friends in Michel.
Walter William left Coleman on
Wednesday of last week for the Arrow Lake district.
On■ Monday night a drawing took
place in the Grand Union billiard parlors for a New Williams sewing machine and was won by W. Graham,
vice president! Lucky Bill!
Will   Local   secretaries1 give  us  a
Alfred Mitchell, an old timer who
has heen unable to work for some
time through sickness, underwent an
operation at Gait hospital, Saturday
residence last. From enquiries we learn he is
■progressing as favorably as can he expected.
The t\vo.weeks-o!d son of Mr. and
.Mrs. Steve Popsou died Monday of
this week. The funeral was held Tuesday to the Roman Catholic cemetery.
The sympathy of their many friends
is extended te them in their sad he-
reave ment.
Work has resumed on the new hotel
on 13th Street North.   Quite a number
of bricklayers are on the job-
Rumors are current that a start is
Impossible to even biiya job in'iMon-j short account of conditions prevailing
t^na, owing to the crowds of foreign-jl? each camp, viz., number of unem
labor In circulation and the population
of Canada drawn from all knownquar-
ters of the globe, if we each do our
Sunday morning.   Special Easter ser-, h,teuigent  dlBC^loii
vice will ho held in the local Church:
Jn^tho evftiilng _____
This question gave us a solid hour's
We  were of
iMr. Jos. Lally, of Cornwall, Ont.,
who has 'bee.n touring the West -in the
tlie opinion at one time, that those
tlve to .the immigration authorities ad'
vertising inthe Old Country for workers for Western Canada and suggesting that our District officials take
some action in the matter and inform
the workers of all European countries
through their labor organs the true
conditions prevailing in this country.
A resolution concurring in the sentiment of the letter was unanimously
carried. Of course, we all recognize
that it is the shipping and railroad Interests that are responsible for the
advertisements referred to, and as
the European agents of these carr>-
Jjig^*nmna-nl«>B flrg_.ri*gnAnAi^_fnr_*.h*ftir-
livellhoods upon commissions received
for booking immigrants. It Is not like.
Motion Pictures and
Vou want tfoi>cl pietnres!
Ko do we. Wo show tho kind
tlint plciise you nml your
Dmi't Utrf>ei wc
ftiKli prizes every
•lay iiijrlii,
irive two
Wed ne-s-
C. W JOHNSTON, Manager
"mro-were-aJrectiyTriiectea • sHBuid'iie
'left to settle the'matter   for them-(
selves, but whereas   the   convention ! iy that the'latter class will he'enlighi
.were of a unanimous opinion that the i ene(j Bg to tjje true &tate of affairs In
increase asked for Avas a reasonable | Western Canada.    That the govern.
one at that time;  and whereas tlie I ment assists in circulating luring ad-
, circular contained no logical reason , vertisements is a well-known fact, and
| why the Increase Bhould not *>e striven   that they win continue to do so for
for, we will take our vote on Tu««liiy  the purpose of bringing wages down
week.   But there was one part of the | to the level of the worst paid coim-
circular which this Local expressed I tries ln Europe as also evident, unless
Itself against In no uncertain manner.! they are compelled to support the vie
i.e.  telling ub how to vote, and as j tlms they have deluded Into coming
this Is not the first circular by any. to the land of opportunities, but, of
means with that appended it Is time  course. 'Jlr. Editor, to mention Inter.
It was cut out. I ferlng with the government,of the
Reports of Committees ; country would be dabbling In politics
The auditors gave their quarterly j „nd might hurt the susceptibilities of
report of the Locals doings, which  so,me of our ibrother trade unionists,
HllOWed     Olir     fiYIlATHMWI     llfin      rannhin* ■        -       -
ers that are to toe met with everywhere, most of them starving.
The mines worked one day last
week and the prospects for this week
promise to he ahout as generous.
The .morals of the citizens of this
burg are Improving at a rate that
threatens.to make Halley's comet look
like a funeral cortege. A Church has
'been -built and an addition to the
school also made, the funds for same
having, ifor the most part, been raised amongst the workers. Having got
a Church, the next thing is the abolition of Sunday night picture shows,
as same threaten to affect the attendance at our religious edifice. It is
rumored that the abolftion of checker
playing, cards, pool and other profane
games on Sunday, will follow. Whistling Is also strictly prohibited, while
some are considering the Imposition
n_f_a^iipnnlty fnr linriiilv-lnng-JiaSr-sjwL
the unshaven
Comrade Goodwin, of Vancouver,
delivered an able address here on Friday last, in the Union Hall, and afterwards occupied a throne (soap hox)
in front of the hotel. His subject was
"Political Economy." The opposition
was eloquently silent.
The person or persons who so generously circulated the rumor that
these mines will be closed down for
sixty days may gather a little satisfaction from the fact that os $ result
several families contemplate moving
to pastures'now;- We believe the rumor emanated on or about the first
of this month and need not be taken
too seriously.
our  expenses   had   reached r^the e^iy part^hhel^^ 8nd   Dradle)'
«   iLrllsi.  nl  »!.«.,«  ..«»—   ■*.-*....   ~   i-..:.-..""'
,. ,      , ,-   _,-•■■-;-.-. ti    ui um «sany pan or tne'present, year
high water mark.   The relief grnnted j u,e writer of these notes sent a letter
,hy the District convention has played j to  a  newspaper circulating lh   the
a very small part Indeed In relieving; \orth of England, warning Intending
the distress prevailing here and It j immigrants against coming to Canada
iwould be opportune^ «Ub time to;ami  pointing out  what they  would
state that the demand for labor rower; lmvt, l0 <.0I,tend with if they came,
, Is no greater now than It was last i \m llB ,mm, like most others owned
;w(..ek and t our membership shows a I by capitalists and depending lurgely
* inarkuil falling off. j „1Mm   shipping   advertisements,   res-
;    The measuring committees of both»|l6etfiiHy refused to publish iny letter.
, motions of the mine reported hnvjnir  A similar letter, however, sent to the
. ii good tlnif, which will mrmhate  Trulcs and Labor Council of Middles-
I the pit eommmee using their endear.! )umm\h Yorkshire, England, got In-
; or* to straighten some measurements , hl.r,l0n in n labor paper os did another
. mit, vvltti pit. bom* »nd superintend j *,.,„ l0 lln. Workington Star circulat-
i ''nl-       , ' . A  ',     '■ *i*i;- In Cumberland and North l«aii«a-
I    The pit comnilttPR reported only n; s!l!(.    Howler, the matter h n very
I mail quantity of business dono with; important one and we hope our Dis-
I tlm   superintendent   and   some one : ,rl,.r officials will take (he mutter «]».
aenmcil In doubt who was the wiper.;    wnl   ij0ml   secretaries  give  us
Realty Co.
Now is  tin* Hi iif"
fW ]ii'otvvtiuu
You can not afford
fn   liicn   ii'linii      x\'n
»-.»*.     ■„       H itvu   .    »»V
can  protect   yon
Afemt for Oliver Typewriter
Co. Machints st 17 cent* psr
ployed, number employed, average
shifts and number of miners, married
and single, in each camp. This information is needed for a circular we
are getting out to send all Labor mem.
hers of parliament and all Labor papers in the Old Country. Get as many
facts as you can, as this is the only
method of combating indiscriminate
immigration. Address, Editor, Ledger.
No change hi the labor situation.
The Canadian West mine worked
three days last week and none so far
this week. ■'■' - 'X'-  '.'
Tom Sage and Dave Turner have
pulled out for the Yellowhead Pass.
■Dan McLennan was a visitor in
town last week, coming from Hillcrest. He reports conditions pretty
had in the Pass.
Angus 'Mclntyre, head blacksmith,
has quit his job and gone to Grassy
I>ake,Jo open_a_shop of hts own.	
e secured  the contract to drive j
rock tunnels in that rejuvenating city
Prank,   We hope the venture will be
i short account of condition* prevailing j Hlllcrest Local Union has decid
wtiftjl,, ,.,,ch camp. v!z„ number of unem- to abandon Uu- holding of a deuu
'"?!"" i iilovcd.    number   fimnlftvwl.   «v»mmI.i»ii*.,, — »•  »-- •• ■  •■ ■ •
liitPiiilom down here Just now.
Several questions were asked
ri'fui'eiii'-M io the progress Vice I1, .
dent (iralmm had made in certain deputes ho carne hpreto handlp,mnl tlie
feeling was that we are nil interoned
and anxious. Possibly Vice President
Urahftm will favor us with e visit nnd
tlm information.
Th<» pit committee were Instructed
'o so hi tlit ni'.ui: ut.J. muuiauiu tivo
places where the measurements wore
quei»;lon*wl, as th« brothers deslrnd to
l-wave lien* lor ihu Old Country by
Thw relief co minim**- wi*r«* Insilruct-
■wl to follow nut their timial lino of
procedure. .Relief will be glwti on
TuoMdny, and that U*iu< nlil inslti' the
two months provided for by tho con-
Wt*  (oncluded our usual l«ii||tliy
i«>»i»loii by paying nom*' of our bills.
Member* kindly note thai a r^feren*
f!tim votf* will he polled on ""iifliduy.
.Mari-li  Mill,   Comf to th<» mcntlnB
,nnxt Hiinday for further i«rH<iil(ir**,
f   Will  Local  secretsrles vivo ii* a
!«tH>rf account of «wd!H<m« prpv*i!Mng
[In eaeb eamp. vis., number td unem*
iplnvMl,   number   employed,   avow' »'«,r'* fmnlmwi, and t)"f.r#. I*
li.hlfi» nnd number nf miners, mnrrli'd! of work this ww>k no fsr,
Since our comments of last week,
several iiousewives have looked askance at vendors of succulent pork
cutlets, while one cltluen has threatened to try the persuasive powers of
it shot gun should be notico any vendor in the vicinity,
Tlw lionu- U'iuii got beaten last Saturday when playing Coleman In
Fisher benefit match, wore 1-0. At
teiidniH't,' -.v«h aboil! four hundred, and
gatti i'«c«»3pis ainuuiiu to $«t».0.i. Not
too bad under pimeut eoililltious. TIih
bojM nu: congratulating themselves
that the margin of goals w«h not big-
a! »er,
 — ,—r ...........j.,  mv iiuiuiiik ui u demon*
ployed,   number   employed,   average | stratton on .May 1st in Hub-district No
slilfm iittd number of miners. tnarrludSa    ~	
and KhiRle, In  each camp.   This In
a\W\ Patterson, secretary of 102,
was In Fernie this week on .business.
Under the direction of Fire Chief
Faulde, a bandstand is being erected
ih the park adjoining the town hall.
The miners' band will give a perform*
ance on Easter Sunday afternoon and
evening, and on different occasions
during the summer,
A football game between Taiber and
Lethbridge S. O. E. club will take
place on Good Friday, The band will
be In attendance.
Tbe Allen Players are billed for
town this week. Owing to the fire at
the Palm Theatre the performance
will be given In the Bex. A stage has
been Installed for the purpose.
The Taber Hardware Co. ls holding
a going out of business sale this week,
The hard times are hitting the small
(business man pretty hard.
The go-called raldlal railway, which
there was so much talk ahout last
year, was to have started on Monday,
but the C. P. It, refused to, put In a
switch until the promoters of the road
would agree to change their .specifications and .build a road to carry their
heavy engines. The road will servo
the Willi* A*«li find IHoclc Conl Co.
mines. Construction will probnbly be- {
tlio j Rin In a fen* days, '        j
The   regular   meeting   of  102   tool-;.
place on Sunday.   Tho most Import-1
'nut  iHi'a-iiirK-*)  was the  report of tho|
auditors.    The  Locnl  fundi*  are,  as.
usual at this tinm of year, practically
nil. but the check weigh fund showed
a substantial balance.   The sick fund
also U In fairly uonil financial pmnd-l
Ing.   The meeting donated the sum of |
%'i~,M) to Itro, .toe Lynns, who had hU ■
to .be made on the subway at the rail
way track, 13th Street, this week. I-i
js to be hoped the report is correct, as
there are a great number of men on
the hunt from daylight to,dusk for a
job iwitli slight chance of getting one,
as there is precious little doing in the
city as yet.
Fred; Luverich and John Ruonchuk
pulled out Tuesday with two wagon
loads of utensils for their homestead.
J,, Woods has s6ld his house and is
nulling out for his old home in England.
President J. B. Smith and Secretary
Carter were in the city on a flying,
visit last week end.
Will Local secretaries give us a
short account of* conditions prevailing
in each camp, viz., number of unemployed, number employed, average
shifts and number of miners, 'married
and single, in each camp. This information is needed for a circular we
are (getting out to send all Laibor unem.
hers of parliament and all Labor papers in the Old Country. Get as many
facts as you can, as this is the only
method of combating indiscriminate
immigration. Address, Editor, Ledger.
Regal White Wyandottes
Dorcas  (241  egg)  strain
Pen- 1.—Headed by a son of
a 224 egg hen.
Pen 2.—Headed by a grandson of a pen .which averaged
220 eggs per hen for the year.
A few settings to spare from
these pens. $3.00 per setting
of 15 eggs.
Opdn for Engagements
Phone 74, ring 2
Coleman    -   Alberta
Jeweller & Optician
This is'the shop where yon
can leave your watch and
rest assured that it will be
repaired with expert skill.
Jewelry neatly Repaired
Eyesight tested and
glasses  fitted
Coleman :: Alberta
A Oar of B. C. Potatoes
and Apples
These are all No. 1 Stock which have been
well kept during the winter
Frank, Alta.  .SK.  Bellevue, Alta.
|i.   Tlm spirit in willing, but (he bank; back Injur**! earlv In tbo s.anoii  Tin**)
formation I. needed for a'clrcular wo JfSfu|° Oxlm £LXni^iit\^X' b*' '* °"* ot.ih°-mM*«l «••*« *»»' »"»•
arc u«,ting out to .end all Labor m«,„. |    ^m  Uni. tml X
ly noti'.
Imm'h of parliament and all Labor iui-LC   „ 7       f^1*""  Klvo  "*  "'1
pom In the Old Country.  Col an manyju,"LfT !  of .imiUli™* prevailing!   «>•
fart* n* vou mn. nn thN !«. th* onlv'1" *^h M,m"1 vh- mmtwr &t nrmn-A>t<
mot hod  of combating indUcrlmlnate i ^X*1' J^LJXt^
ImmlRratlnn. Address, Kdltor. Udse^.i?  ['* ,""1"' lUl'' lf lulwr*'
,i',uj.t.t\,    i.uiiiiivi   »tuipi-M>i'<i,   uvfra-m'.
,   ,    , : shifts and niimb«r of niliifm, nmrrlwl   , . .   ..   , ,
Uds^.ja,,,,  mKle>  ,„  ellfh  cami),   TI|U  ,n..ln B^ilnnn-nt of nllrlnlm*
-|fori.ti»titn i» lu'i-d-'d for a circular we
J arc 'getting out tu ik-ikI all Lnhor mem.
JilH'r* of imrllani*f>r.i and all Labor pa-
JI pen in tho Old f"« uo'ry, fj-tt a» mnny
Jlfactii tm you can, ns ihi* Ih the only
^,tm»tliod of comiMtlnx indlncrlmlnatt*
Owliiflr to the NtAve leavint; lleaveriImmigration. Addromi, Kdltor. L<-.'w.
on Tiiculay of lant week ovpr half an•,
hour earl lor than wa* ctmtonwrr "Ince
the iilifriitloii   In  vriilim,  our  *cr!ln>
failed to fti'i hli nottti away ln time:^
for la*t  week'* Li'dK»r, but all th« T
»am« iii<> p»p«*r wn* iti«ii«l In th«> iimi'' X ♦ ♦ ♦ a ♦ ♦
nl »ij  without tlieoi. j w
hnnt vSevk the min* worked <nw» and |
oni» hnlf *hlflt   !•'«♦ an It u.'i* only a
f»n<» would wi*b to nee,    lira. Lyon*',
«lf<> giiv«» birth to a son last Thnri-j
nml ih-f fiHiii'r iii-s h-j-lpli'-s* in j
from which   ho   will   probably'
i 11.1 iim*:.     Tins l.«,l,rt«»rt   kVvni *'i*.  ill'!"!
iimrriwi' ottertd th« niagiilfiwni mini of »i..m»ih
Thif lri"!
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wt* will furnish your hon*.' from collar to garn-t and at bin-
torn nrlee.*.   Call, write, )>hon«*< or win*,    All orders gU<'ii
pruiri|it ntir'ntlon.
If you are tatlifled, tell othen.
If not i*tl|fled. tell ui.
mon 1
r<*iii»«-il  and
t out In the
ill*'    «•«
Will    iM'
*T coin.
Oil   till"
Mlnii it
ild*» «f
1 in
mutter of emptying flint*** f»»w men
tin' !»l|rn
A* A. Ca iiii riitt
in* iinn«*« of tli*«
Cu., for th* C. ,\
tii'itntt' aiin**U-r i* h«!p!i»« t<» b.-iiuU-
fy thf town by plnntliig umiw tr.<"»
In lil* frmit yitrd.
tV'til l/s«'iil Mx-rt'turUw give c- ;i
nhiiri ?iriT»irt:t of ron.fltlonx pri-vai:ivi;
+   .11   *'Ht:ll   f-*Hli)»,   Vl*..   IMIIlllwr   «f   1'". •>'
^ + + + ^ ) pill.M'd,     siviiifl-    finii)o>ed,     -iii*:,,-),-
|i»hlft* and i.simltcr of rniiv<r*. nmrric'l
■-•■•• I,   i-nniit     Th\-   '•
local   limficrln-  :if!iiii'l   *'.t'i'-f
lntn>rn«ilo»al Coal | forms.!Ion I*
lidlw,!*.      jell    I'fHI.. i Itn-   K-t'ltKiu  (H|!   I
ii*t timl tor » Vlnnilar *.
-"U'l ill Ijth'.r
nnd «lngt«». In each farnp. Thin In1
fonniiiIim Ik n»»pd«»d for n rlrmlur **'■
Iior* of pnrllam«nt and all Lalior pa-1
p«'M lit tlw Old Contitry. Uet, at, many,
facta on you can, ga thia 1» the only ;
Am thf Tfanlt of n rfaoln'lnn nn**"d
ni « r»-H«lnr in-wtlnr held ^Inrch 15th,
our apcrctary a««nt an im»i««1 lo th«
l)!-li'!r!.  Kv.t'cii'Hm tki'iii'1,1  11*1- th<>  IH*-
lrlct tccrctary-trfaaurfr, pointing u!*it
man on Frldny, April 3rd. to take tip! her* vt t>nrlfnni*>r.? and all" Labor'pa-!
I'rlorllM-ra In  bf old *t'<mi,<rv   tin n« mm\"'
' fm-ml-rratlft-n   KAArata
♦ ♦
on Marcii l.ili lh<» IHmrifi nffr«*:an'
i ill,'   l    i* *.l..i»i«'.l'.JtlU   !•-. c.|ll    llf   it])-
_       ,...l     in I   ti-'i'ltn" iff*'   l*'i   *n ***'..   *,9-f.
■ta' i ci il'f lilatiift offlflal* hex* no? fflt
-a   ivarrniiiiil ln iRrorlng thf w|*bf* of
4t ^ ^'  : • •',■„   ,- i t.i ■.. i   • • ■*.■ .-',•
a similar ponltlon at  Hra;<iu
in hix dt'paniiiv a itutuliti of hi*
Di*inU nn ' in l.u I'ol-Hiunn luitel mm
1'ii-Hi*uii'd Mr Cviiifi'iin \\'lib a trallying f»#".   ill* |o«ltlon 1* being tak*
,*..*•.,., >,■ **.,*.. (**,.,,..*. ...     «
HtMpftw in'rf for tin' »'.   S'   (t   *ti*tw
Utfttt in. ><m «*„h, :i^ thu |*  tftf, f)r)iv
niftiiod   ot   com!i'.itli;«   indl-Mrliiiihati-
litniiUi'atliiii    V I ir, *.-.   l'M.'t/-;r.  L<-'U. i'
t   ■)   t
4   # •# 4*
LtlMBHlUtiL  NUTth
'I', n1  ■■:•     ^
\r-t>vt  U*i.<*
• ia   T'i'i'-
*    t.t
IV i-.tiu-.
»!'fi!  Jill   a ti'in-iW
\lr. Smarf,, of llfllfvue, haa »t»rl»"l
i« -ocorV In thf min* and Mr. J. I'ftlrlf-.
of llillfrfat, ha* awpted a nlmliir
Mr. Hundy, who ha* itei'tn Any o|>.
fra tor he ri» for thu C. r. It,, Ium Ih'mi
rt moved  from  the atsff.   ihf fliftir
t,  *,  I,...     .  *,     t,}f,t    f,Ij     j,N)  *.,     (,,     ••,. J ([■'.; .
lo hi* o*n.
nnrri, tn Mr fliid Mr* ,T Mi'TViinM
«>( iiii« I'nUm ilotfl, a rfaught'T
lir. Fulton, of Calgary, travelling
ffcrotary for tfinpfranrf. will fl'liln-ii
iin- Social l>agui- on Thur*4*y night
m h n'<Aork In th* tnt^resu* of pro-
vim ci* Idle prohibition.
A i-siUffrt nnd ao-cia! »ai given In
tlt-9 rft'trrh fi*** Prf'f.ij" n!'*!!''. 'vltf.'h
provt-4 to he * Kt'*kat nm-*. <••*. Tim
l*m* nwmhfr prwifrtt »fff Wfll fn-
ifftalnfd .nil th* parts bflnp inltiui
■by !«»ral tnlent..
,*««ti la-tritru «:ii>imr n-«)i)f«iiii     t i'i '<i r, > *i -•*  mi  '.«»-rf pnarrii   "
',-"». I'-ffirii.t l.-i)f.»i» ahd hut" I-l:
■i''*,-. I > niii*.- to jt'inli r am liis'in-
rial nsaln'aiirr. I would addai- >(ia
;» fi!,' «ti> *ainf fiTirn* a,- !ia*» Iim ii
'nl,, ii bv otbi r Loral*, al.l afiul imi:
in iijipijl ifi all tb«> IrO'-Aiit in th*- l»>#-
u.«i. *.& In all probability yonr ari   r*
,   ■   .St . I '        >       t    ..   I .1     .      'IF    ,,1'j      ,   ,|     *H
on r*fi't>' «f <bl* an appf*! wa* vent
... .,,,. . ii   .        ,,.,,,..    i
•'■ ' A- i ir  ,;,'•' >n -A.rr- !?• a ii'mMun
ti* .iv-ilsi i|«. nnd slni-ftn bv if-turn «f
•if, !■»•»! *'.«' f ill .» Ji s;  ,,f .' •    i
'.a:,   , ■
',,. ii  '.,
Mr   v
i , i
M-    .Mil'
.i   !•,«• a   MaitonU
• - >' '■•li'"      A   tai'g.
M t«iiii-   al'itidi. *.
'•   » •:■  Hi- I'.i*,*
Work «l  t!i<
. • . •      • .
.    ,».lt.    W    »**»l«.
'"    ti  : ,;ir ni
". • r, i    ,(,,
' "i    ':i-     :-n
«Th* Quality Store"
Now is the Time That Boy
Wants a Suit
ami th<'
»t * •
TlluMl^nN rt»
n   1 i i* *    i;i   (
• T'n-'.r III   th*'   ,, ,,,..  !,{,*..■,!,
< !ii t'.i ma! c i.ii  -xi - hijii,.    r»
1*11. * *'
'*■   J,-- .*tt UK   1,»
i'l. <       . . *
I l'i...'    i
•$*■*   I   lilttl
4     ll  '•    «
>!■ ■*..  *t.» t-<r>
1. ri an I }.,-  ■»,•*'■
i i". I   .  ••
. .-.»•«• r | ,,   j>, ,
:   Kmiu.i,  ,..
■ ■    %* *U.    tl>   1 it*-   ': iltiU
<   *     •-"     Sill    O'.l.     l„       ,"
' *   '   »   r,  , •    . .
ib" «\'in«;wi , • »',
■.;i!«!i if.,** t^*tp- ,i -
fi»r *»' i»-*i»f a «»., i
n'JtV -.*
iMn'rlr-   *t*rr>'i*>ir* tr^Tiiir*>r:
Ci-rnii-. H   C    M»rr'r« 2l'vi
1   l^iutrliran. It»**ffr Cr**k.
IH»ar Siranil linn.,--** I nm «>nrt»»iin*
j.,:, „*..,*..,'„-, a ii..*|i*», ior itiettm r**  "•    *   -"• "   -" *   l-»..>..**...  •»*,   i«.i»*
r**iv«d uy me fr»m Michel for r*lMiVn'-r*- m'x l"n ih*m * '*rj»* '**"*" **■>->•
pnrpo»f"'. f d!'       U-'.". r *'U!'' ;*"■! ar,*  n,ii|;
Vonra fraternally, *    s,*u*   Cu*  «frU'***d  Ut  t'Mr.mau  <f,
A. 1. CARTER.       Th-.ll-ii.ti    lil*!.;    it*,Vu    V-rnt*'.    if. *,,%:  ; tfl|P$6®S£"rA
j/m    .   ,
•I till
on I
$2.75 to $8.00
>>i*»»i i» <IM>«   IMM*fl'»!»l««   til  f*|l','i*-»*    M'lf I   Oflll*    Ifl    Ulllf
|i«? ii* j»roi»' it
Do not fall to seo our now stock of
So!*- A^i'lit- f'.r      1 W'U "S IX    ,-,      !v    Mako  Mmfs
KH>n*t forf|*t our Sf»cctftt (iriwcry rViccK
Phone 25 Blairmore, Alta. mt, 9^*,.-x -y-^pMx. -y- tt&ift*^'^**-??:»r
■^ Are
by the Box
How you smack your Ups over the delicious tan g of a
golden "Sunkist" orange!   Breakfast would be-a blank
without it. '.'-'""' „ A,
"Sunkist" are the finest selected oranges grown. Seedless,
tree-ripened, thin-skinned, fibreless. Picked, wrapped In tissue
paper, and packed by gloved hands.   Cleanest of all fruits.
"Sunkist" Lemons on Fish and Meats
"Sunkist" lemons are the finest fruit selected from tha
best lemon groves of California. Mostly seedless. Juicier*—
more economical—than other lemons.
"Sunkist" Orange Spoon
Guaranteed Rogers A-J Standard Silver plate. Rich,
heavy. Exclusive "Sunkist" pattern. 27 different premiums.
For this orange spoon send 12 trademarks cut from
"Sunkist" orange or lemon wrappers and 12 cents. "Red
Ball'- orangeand lemonwrapperscountsameas"Sunklst."
In remitting, send all amounts of 20 cents or over by postal
note, postoffice or express money order.
Send your naipe for our complete free "Sunkist" premium
circular and Premium Club Plan.
Reduced prices at your
Oranges by the box or
Address all orders for premium
silverware and all correspondence to
10S King St, East, cor. Churdi, Toronto, Ont
[By D. S. Burch]
Associate   Editor  Farm  and  Fireside
In the articles that have gone 'before, w© have -mentioned some of tihe
reasons for the unsettled conditions
in the dairy business. The educator,
dairy scientist, inspector and law-
Hiaker.-lia^e'been shown to be unreliable leaders in several important
matters, The milk dealer* on the other hand, -has pushed himself U> the]condensed milk.
These figures show briefly that the
standard 'brands of condehsed mllk
are considerably more expensive than
ordinary milk, even after diluting
with 'water. Considering the cost of
the can'and the condensing process,
•this is ibut natural; but it is curious
•to note that the Boston consumer who
ivbsbluitely refuses to pay the milk
dealer more than,,9 cents a quart for
milk pays his grocer at the rate of 10
to 19 cents for a quart When buying
front ,to a position of,,control.   By Ms
thnrmwh   ,k*n*n\vlc*>l,o;<*1 nf   his own   ilnsi
ness and the business of; others associated wlUi him he hasi become the
most dominant figure in the commercial dairy 'business.
Thus the condensed milk industry is
vortlsing as a means of educating the
consumer. The manufacturers had
first to overcome a deep-rooted prejudice  against   canned   milk,  then   to
•would take a Philadelphia lawyer a
year to figure that out. Besides, I cannot afford to keep books."
■I asked the slime question of another fanner selling milk Jfrom' a
twenty-cow herd in Virginia, and he
produced figures showing that the
average yield of his cows was 6,132
pounds a year, and that he made .48
cent profit on each quart. The retail price, was 8 cents. Delivery and
production cost him 7.52 cents.
Just for a moment think show much
better off this man would have been
if he had had better cows. His coiws
give only 6,132 pounds each per year.
Ten thousand .pounds is not a high
yield 'for good co-ws. To be sure, this
man sold his milk for less than 5
cents a pound, which is too cheap,
considering its food value; tout if his
cows had been really efficient he
could have made a good profit ait 8
cents a quart. *,,.
There were, other records showing
the returns from different cows, and
the cost of' milking, caring for, and
feeding 'them.
I give -these figures, not as models,
for they are far from that, 'but merely to show what one man did without
the help of' a Philadelphia lawyer.
The cost of running a dairy is bound
to-change continually. It will be different for different farnis and farmers. The mail who has a small farm
near town has a low delivery cost
and a high cost for feed. The reverse
is true of a larger farm farther out.
If the dairy is too small, overcapitalized, or too far from the market, the
high cost of producing, milk will show
that Mie .farm is poorly adapted to the
milk 'business and would be better for
some ether purpose.
A young farmer about' six miles
from Mankato, Kan., whom I visited,
had contemplated selling both milk
and cream in Mankato, ibut found he
could more profitably sell first-class
dairy butter and buttermilk. While
the 'butter brought a smaller gross income than would have been received
from milk and cream, the gross cost
of delivery was much less because of
less frequent trips, and' his net profits
justified'his wise decision.
Simple Rules for Selecting Milk
The method for selecting the <best
grade of an.llk from the kinds available is a question which the consumer'must help himself to answer, The
'best general rule is to observe the
keeping quality of the milk. If kept
in a clean place at a temperature of
60 degrees Fahrenheit or less, good
milk will remain sweet twenty-four
hours after delivery.
•With this general Idea in mind,
first (consider the case of the consumer" who deals directly with the
producer. A personal visit to the
dairy* is enlightening, ibut is seldom
indulged In. People are too 'busy,
and, as one housewife told me, "I hate
to meddle in the affairs of people I
don't know very well. The best substitute for a vl§it to the dairy is to
see whether the milkman is personally clean and particular. Does he .wipe
his feet on the mat, .does he keep his
hair brushed and are his teeth clean?
Is iiis horse well groomed and well
fed? If he seems to pass muster in
these'things"and. the .milk keeps well,
vn*,, aw fairly sa.fp liv n-mtt-nnlglniir Mm
ploy.ed a careful and competent man
to manage the dairy for him.    The
business is conduoted  on  a  philanthropic rather than a commercial basis.'
Why the Babies Were Bottle-Fed
In   .Washington,   D. C,   one   large
milk plant  distributed   over  375,000
battles of milk for 'baby feeding, in
the course of eighteen months, at a
price mostly under cost.    The average number of persons in the families
helped was about five, and the in-
come per -family only 97 cents a day.
Over a 'fourth of the 'babies had to
be bottle-fed for the sole reason that
the mothers were*obliged to go out to
work.    So the  dairy  supplied them
-with milk at less than  cost.    Right
or wrong?!, Consider how the  little
tots   would have  suffered from   improper feeding, and consider the grief
of the parents over the death .which
.would 'have claimed  many, and you
will believe iwith me that to sell milk
at   less  than  cost   is   sometimes  a
noble work: of philanthropy.   But how
much better it would be to'save the
mothers from the necessity of, going
out' to   work,  and thus enable them
to nurse their babies?   Cow's milk at
its best is a poor substitute for mother's milk.
So, before we criticize rich men's
dairy farms, iwe must first consider
their service t-o humanity and remember there are two sides to the
quesition of 'selling milk below cost.
Don't Oppose the Philanthropy
Any apparent Injury done the commercial side of the business through
•philanthropy is more than offset toy
the advertising of tbe milk' 'business
gained thereby. 'Philanthropy is the
expression of consideration for your
fellow men, and is natural to everybody. It is one of the little extras in
the social side of life, and that is iwhy
it must not be expected in business.
No dairyman can toe expected, for the
sake of oharity, to make a business of
selling, milk under cost or at any figure which 'does not give a reasonable
profit above necessary expenses.
That kind of . false philanthropy
would ruin his own home and increase
rather than diminish the dependents
that society must care for. So philanthropy must .take care of itself. It
will always do good. It is like' a
benevolent stranger; it is something
not to be counted on or expected, and
no dairy farmer ought to feel (badly
because he cannot be a -philanthropist. But in the name of humanity
•let those who can afford to be philanthropists keep up their good work.
Do not hinder them.
If you will not help save the babies
for the sake of the babies themselves,
remember that every live baby is a
milk -consumer, and always will be.
And the partner that helps' to increase the number of customers helps
the business.—New York Call.
[By Z. Liblen]
Translated by Louis Chaskin
They .were two girls—iplaymates—
and very intimate ones. The name of
one girl was Sadie Humvitz, and of
the other, iBeekie Levin. Sadies was a
brunette, tall, bad beautiful long hair
and was more intelligent than BecMe,
her chum.
'Beckie 'was several years younger,
was imbued with more life and go,
'was not so tall,\,and because of her
disposition looked even younger than
she really .was. I had the luck, or
the misfortune, to have both girls fall
in love with me; but I have entirely
neglected Sadie and was oblivious to
her feeling toward me; at the same
time I fell in love with Beckie and
married her.
„ I was well aware of the fact that
Sadie loved me, perhaps, better than
Heckle, whom I married, and I knew
that her heart was broken; but it did
not matter to me in 'the least, In fact.
I enjoyed a feeling of satisfaction that
I was the cause of a girl's suffering.
Sadie iiwas the chief guest at my wedding; her conduct gave one the impression that she was more attached
to the bride than tome. She continually kissed and hugged the bride,
at the same time avoiding me as far
as possible, *st> that I could not but
feel deeply her protest against my unwillingness to reciprocate her tender
feeling, but thess thoughts again
caused joy to my selfish nature.
\lv wife and I succeeded in estab-
If he pasteurizes his milk  you are
doubly safe.   The production of clean
milk is a matter of personal habits
rather   than   of  fine   equipment.     I
would rather patronize a man whom l
knew to be honest anil clean personally and who did his own milking and
nmiiv "the final judge. This is true of IV",K ,s £•!!"!!" b™"«!!B °' "™ Slivering than to buy mllk from a
all commodities.   He may judge milk     t_,     , common   Beverages careless milkman, even though he had
by the fancy cap on the bottle; or if . r,1,e 'io™t v"laet of n|}'k' "^ °"gl*'.* * *»arn of pure gold lined with porce*
a cook is employed who Is given the hackneyed topic is'worth a moments laln.
selection of milk she may prefer that <-'on»Weratton. Though it is a liquid, With regard to the amount of
it be delivered toy a lKirtlcular driver; ,nllK €0"«}lns ™ore1,urj mauer Ul,au cream or milk, remember that all the
or if one dairyman will extend credit fomo *oMs- Skef ?• c,\, *f»!*1 «eam does not rise. Only the larg-
and the other insists on frequent set- themselves some dull day by -Putting est fat globules comes to the top. The
ttements the one that extends credit l\ l';1" 7 '},ilk m 'Ul° inner Part or a gl,rest means of knowing whether the
may get the business. But even if thn <Jou,!ji1° ^iler, evaporating it, and db- mllk ,hn8 ,bpen watered or skimmed In
consumer sincerely wants pure high- "J*"'1"* ,tll° *P\ "u.fer u c™™™- to have a chemist test tt. But if the
class milk he has a hard tusk in mak- ,im "S^™* um, »o«iow are interest- cream that rises In twelve hours on a
Ing a wise -selection. ingl [0°- from a food btt8l8: quart of milk In the usual style of
He has a problem harder than the bottle is at lea« three^nches, and In
judw on the bench, for the judgo has Per Cent Units of « -ptnt bottlo one and three-fourth*
his laws to guide him.   Tho average     1'oods Dry Matter Energy Inches, you are probably irettlng all
consumer has merely his Intuition, his *Milk        12.5 310     the cream the cow put there.
five senses, and the u*ual amount of Mushrooms ...    11.9 185        « the  consumer   is  getting   milk
general knowledge.   He Is not. there- Oysters        11.7 225     from amilk company, as Is custom-
tore, greatly to blame If lie decides Spinach         7.7 95     ary n large eKIes. the source of mip-
wrongly.    For.uni.tely   hit   mind   li.Toroi.toM   ....     .1.7 100     !>>'Ib mwly always a law area In-
open for information, and those who [«"?,«f ,??* ^'   L»,"^ JL^!'
httin him it* Wnmo « ii.-,i»i- iiiti.,»     ..   .       . ... . . [the first thing to ascertali In whether
w    be reimtdXrThH? Stmt K N«!lc?,,that , mllk   ca,nMm   «"ore the milk 1. pasteurised, and how.   If
«ll! be repaid for their efforts, foml 8(j]1(b im{ unU|j of ,,„ rgy t,   „ lmgUHlflit(H)i lH  lt Hiom  imU,m
'Mannrarturers of condensed milk' any article In the Ust, Milk also Is certified!, ir It in paweurlited, phone
have told xho consumer of ".he ndvan-imore nourishing ihan tea, coffee, orUj,,, p\ani antj n8)( th^m tj,e pasteurU-
tnge* oi iihIiik their prodmi, One j iim t'oumi-on wup* »** oMlnaiily j \ng temiJernture and the time held ul
lul t*elU him it*iid««ii**vil milk U wi' j made. jthat  t^inperaiure.    Then   idioue  ihe
vcnlint to lav*.: on hand. Asu-Utcr, a <iuait of milk weighs about 2,1 milk iiiKjH'cior an;l ask hint ta verify
•tatcM it "Ik g<rm free. Anot-hcr nays nioun:?c, which makeit milk almost «!• itho ri'jiort of the milk company. Th(»
tlmt tho 1'nlUHl States Navy men \ ways cost lewi than IS cents a pound,'i>tiantftirlxinfr temporaturn should *k»
nothing except condensed tnlllc.   An- *|K. •t|ieit|M-'-»t of all comuion food* ex* j Itotiw-nen HO degree* and I5"» degrees
other that as it comes from the canteept flour anil grain products, cheap I P. At 140 degrees ihe time ulioiild imVion or oilier'"w«^i»uT4'not"flnd""i
tl |k uh rwi'I m cream, and when dl-'mtH or meat, und Ktarchy vogetaWoH.he at lea« twenty mliiiitoH. For every ,.,.,1, i,,.,«H „r m'v w|f« aud two buhien
Iiised with uu nxml volume of iwater UUrh n» potato**.   All tbeio producta I degrco over   HO  degree*  the   time ' -
le a* rkh m o.-lii.ary milk.   Still an-, reipilre   proration    and     cooking, ■■ may he one niinuui less.   The limit*
■other t*»lln him that   it  comes  from* which add to all their original rowifor proper pantetirlnation  arc thp-ro-
And all of thlf ISjand should be considered In comiwr-! fore between HO degreea for twenty
llshing a nice, comfortable home, and
very often had visitors, among whom
was Sadie. Before my marriage I
knew Sadie to be a very quiet and
sedate girl, but every time she visited
us now -she"'-appeared to be so full of
life and go ■ In * bo unusual a manner
that 1 was certain that her seml-
hysterlcal behavior was nothing but
an echo of her formpr. disappointment.
Later I discovered that whenever
Sadie left our house and wont back to
her small, narrow, room sho had a
crying fit, but that again gave me
cause for Joyous feeling. I remember I used to engage my wife In conversation with regard to Sadie, and
her love for me, for sheer joy.
About half a year after I was married Sadie left the city for Chicago,
and It did not take long until I completely lost track of her.
Several years later, during the summer. 1 had occasion'to make a business trip to Chicago, and I recalled
the fact that Sadie waa somewhere
in Hint city, and 1 waa smitten with a
sudden desire to see her while there.
I told my wife of my desire, and de-
cptte the fact thut I had almost forgotten her, I felt, nome uneasiness In
talking about her, and I knew that
my voice betrayed my emotion, I no-
tii'tnl thnt It mnde a bad ImprenMon
upon my wife, although she seemed
to agree with me that I nhaulil Icok
audit- up. Hut I understood (hat my
wife meant pret'Imdy the opposite; she
Hhoiv-t'd it in the way she helped mis
with  you, and  I iwould like  to  seo
"She is not yet home from iwork,
but it is near 6 o'clock, and if you
will come in and wait a few minutes
you will be able to see her."
I accepted her Invitation and went
"Can you tell me how long she has
been stopping with you?" I asked of
Airs. Gerst.
"About two years," she replied. She
looked at me curiously for several
moments and asked:
"And who are you, may I ask? Her
I assured her that I was.
"And what's your name?"
"Cirlln," I replied.'
"Are you, perhaps, a brother of her
deceased husband?" she asked, without taking her eyes off me.
"Why ao you ask?" I said to her,
trembl.ng with emotion.
"•Because you resemble so much
Mrs. Cirlin's husband."
"May I ask if you knew him?" I
asked in surprise.
"No, not exactly, but his picture is
on the wall in her room."
I jumped up from my chair and
rushed to her room. There it was, my
photo, which I gave her years before,
together with her own in one frame,
hung just over her bed. And iu a
moment I understood it all. It was
evident that the girl, who had loved
me so much 'without getting anything
in return, found some consolation at
least in bearing my name and being
_lviiftWtt--as myjwjdpw
erful A. W. U. scame along and persuaded the Rural Workers to amalgamate.   They did so, and from ohe end
of Australia to the other the capitalists «ursed' both unions loud and long.
iThen the  scale of -wages for rural
workers was drawn up and published.
It practically doubled the old rates.
Bank managers-, auctioneers, machinery agents, a*nd others who exploit the
farmers -urged them not 'to pay the
new scale.   But the A. W. U. formed
camps for the man, where finally most
of tbe farms had. to go if they wished
to engage harvest lhande.   It is confidently  assented  that the .Waterside
Workers will join forces with the A.
\V. IL, and if so the United Laborers'
Union will not be long in following it.
It will thus be seen that the A. .W.
U. has solved the problem of  "the
organization of Ithe nnsklfleiilt."    Hn
Australia anyi manual worker can join
the A. W. U.   Carters, laborers, carders,  sheep-drovers,  wharfmen,  sailors, and in fact anyone can be a member.   Very often men join it in preference to joining the union for their own
calling.   Often men> who work at repairing roads have A. W. U. tickets ln
their pockets.  Before the Rural Workers' Union was started, it was convmon
■to find farm workers enrolled in the
ranks of the A. W. II.   Thus the organization of the unskilled has ibeen
provided for in Australia, because here
we have a very powerful union that
enrolls men of every calling among its
During the last year or two the Labor party has been getting a press,
nnd 1 am pleased to say that il is
union-owned. Dally Laibor papers are
new Issued in Brisbane, Broken Hill,
Ballarat, Hobart, Adelaide, and Perth,
By next Easter a Labor daily will .be
printed In Sydney, tlie funds for which
were collected as levies from the members of the powerful Australian Workers* Union. Some members objected
■to paying Uie levy and tested the legality of the Union's demand in the
law courts, where it has been decided
that the Union is perfectly justified
In 'forcing its members to pay the levy.
—The New Review.
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
•Noble Grand, H. B. Barnes.
Secretary, 5. B. MoiWejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, A. Bunch.
K. of S„ D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jas. Madison.
"Is It really your brother's photo?"
Mrs. Gersi asked.
"Yes, It is," I replied in a broken
"Your sl&ter-in-Iaw mourns her
husband very much. Very often she
sits for hours at a. time before the
picture, witli tears rolling down her
The kind woman went out of the
room and left me standing there, almost in a faint. And in that moment
I realized for the first lime her great
love toward me, and I waa sorry for
the way I had treated her. Soon I
heard some oue approaching, and
then her voice. I stood there awaiting my doom. She e-titerod the room,
dressed In deep mourning. A shudder ran through iuy entire being as 1
saw her look at me for several seconds, as though she did not know tne,
"Sadie!" I cried.
"Cirlln!" she gasped, and then:
"Oh!   You—are—Clrlls?"
"Sadie, my poor widow!" I ejaculated, tears running down my cheeks.
She became deathly pale. I thought
I saw an unnatural simile flit across
her lips, and without another word
she quickly closed the door of her
room, took off her coat and hat,
turned away from me and wood for
several seconds with her hands covering her face, while her frame was
convulsed .with heartrending sob*. I
wt nt to her. embraced her, leaned her
head ngalnst my *houlder nnd covered her tear-stained face with hot
You know what that means—misery
—bills—iworry—iblg bills—debt!
You know you can't afford to get
sick. Keeping in good health means
food and clothing for you and your
family. It is up to you to take care
of yourself. It is up to you, whenever
you don't feel right, to take something to make you right, to strengthen you, build you up, ward off worse
sickness—protect you and your family. That thing we have in Rexall
Olive OU Emulsion. In offering it to
you, we protect you against money-
risk, by personally promising you
that, If it does not restore your health,
we will give back your money .without
word or question. We believe it is the
best builder  of  health,  energy  and
Meet every  Monday at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, G. Moses.
139 McPherson Avenue,
$100 REWARD, $100
The readers of tills paper will oo
pleased to learn tliat thero ls at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to euro ln all its stages, and
that ls Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is
the only positive euro now known to
tho medical fraternity. Catarrh belns
a constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure ls taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system, thereby destroying tho
foundation of the disease, und KlvliiK"
the patient strength by building up thu
constitution and assisting nature in doing Its work. The proprietors have so
much faith In its curative power* that
they offer One Hundred Dollars for any
ease that it fails to cure. Send for list
of testimonials.
Address: l*\ J. CHKNEY *i CO., Toledo, Ohio.
Sold by all Druggists. 75c.
Take Hall's Family Tills for constipation.
lutik for her addms, which, for some kis*e», and at that moment I knew
thnt I loved thlf girl with an over-
jjont^nted <ow*.
true except  piThapi* about the con-1 ing foods,
(unlfxl cont    And no h« srets <h«» full
'"Yt-»,"   *nyn   the   consumer.
•rtory of «iiai«ij«l  mtlk except  th«;, ;)d   £t w     '     d ,.„'   d   ,;!
Iminut-fs and l*»r» degrees for five min'
The consumer it nearly alwav** |n>
tpwuft'il   111   rinyHihitr  thit   hni   tn   tin
which I poMettt-fd at the time, and
went to Chicago without Hndle's ad
wlicliulug pusttloii. As booh as she
calmed down n hit she asked me bow
I hud found her, and I told her. Then
strength you can get. ■ It 7s-h~elpiiig
many of your neighbors. If il don't
help you, iwe will give back your
Rexall Olive Oil Emulsion is composed principally of pure Olive OI!
and the Hypophosphltes. Bach has
long been endorsed iby successful physician^. Here 'they are for the first
time combined. The result ls a remarkable nerve, blood and strength-
building remedy that Is both food and
medicine. For all who are nervous,
run-down -and debilitated11—no matter
what Uie cause; for old people; for
convalescents; for puny children, we
know of nothing that will give health
and -strength a» quickly as Rexall
Olive Oil Emulsion. It ta a real builder of good blood, strong'muscles, good
digestion. Pleasant to take. It contains no alcohol or hablt-formlng
drup. If you dont feel well, economize botli money and -strength by beginning today to take Hexall Olive
Oil Kmulslon. Sold only at the Rexall
Stores, and in this town only by us.
$1,00. N. 13. Suddaby. Drugglat, Victoria Avenue, Fernie. |), C.
Don't waste time oa Inferl-
or salves because they're a
few cents cheaper.
I have proved Zam-Buk
best for Eczema, Piles, Skin
Diseases, and Injuries.
Af • mother. r you owe It
to your family to use the
best, thafa Zam-Buk I
SOttm ABOteubOamiSlmt.
^Rfe HE*jgfj:H&M -gg*
below, which ^^.^"J^.^Hpaylnir for milk that I am not pay.)*l'»> *£ physical «nd financial w«|.|bul „, tho Mine „m0 , vHM lhtt(
in ma* we met. etie should again
♦•nm:*• M«r «ri:ui love for uie, aud the
thought caused a nuddtn joy to spring
up in my breast.
dre»», lielng in Chicago, my desire to! »he Implored nie n»it to ask her for
flml and tm her grew more and more. I«» explanation of her present life, and,
and I spent many hours looking fori above «». notoody should know any.
lur. The thought of perhaps finding thing of her love for me, I Informed
lur married created a queer Impres- her all about myaelf during the time
Xu ui. uii.. I ktmit I nxia bvid htr, ™« had not iwu eneb ottwr, ab.riiit my
levied by thc  Health Ikparmuni of!,n^ for „ lot ^ nf.wjj4^, -nX|>,.ni»e in}fare.   The more we can help him to
Ikwgoa. (U|„ V(M & proving and dtdiveriitgr be « Mm <»r goo'l  milk and fop.1
Cost. In rents, of: • " " ' """' ""
<%xn in
an   equal
volume of water
... l'i
Bagle   ..,,
*, tr.
*   .* 12
DefiatKm   ■
.    1»
IN-w-rlf** *
. in
II «
Van -t'awfi
.     "X
to 0
m .„.-« „f ,!,.."> am "HHtaf to ■Uo* *he producer
tJSSEv *\L i an«l «,W,,M" • f*'r t>rotll, but I will not
~« u ..CJJiW '<"■ waeteful awl needles* ex-
can   is diluted p^^    Mm,<   ()MS,  collliamOT   *„ida.
"tell me, when nil grades of mllk look
nllki- and taste alike bow can I tell
good mllk from bad. and why do dlf-
fcrent dealer* auk different price**?'
Thi'Hc an   ijuinUoun the couhuiiht
has a right to ask. and we must be
ported to   anrmrr  htm.    I   n*ki»d  n
products, the more willing he will be
to listen to reason when he Is asked
to pay a little more for It.
Consider th* Milk Philanthropist
The irsllk phll«nthropl*t is s partnpr
In the dairy buslncs who Is often
overlooked. He has none of tto aggressive spirit of the scientist or dealer, and ts quite content to be let
alone. Hut when he give* »*«> mllk
or sells it st lean than cost, he Is set.
wife snd two babies, and I could see
her body tremble with emotion. She
covt:ad her face wiih her hands and
■st there for a long; time In silence.
When she looked up again her face
On« day while talking shout  her J*2tott* * b°»*,ew wtnw *»* *mn'
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital AuthcWMd ..   IMMXXMHO      Capital Paid Up       »,C25,0O0
Rsssrvs and Undlvld- ToU, A|Mt. 73.000.000
ed Profits       i.100,000 MM      7W0W0O
O. ft. WILKIf, Preside* HON. HOST JAPPRAY, Vles-Prss.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Pernio, Oeldsn,  Kamieepe,  Miehsl,  Nslsen...
Rsvslstsks, Vsneeuvsr and Vloterlv
Interest allowed en deposits st e-rreet rate from date ef deposit.
FENNIt i«ANCM a. M. OWiN, Manager
vi hereabouts In a certain house where,
according to my   calculations,   *b«
should have heen found, a young man
remarked: "From your description I
think I do know such a peraon, but
she I* not a girl, hut a widow, snd her .........
name ts no« Hum Its, but *Mrs, artln.-iwr own funeral, and tbtt there, in
At mention of the nam* tlrMn I was!Chicago. '» » •«*" ****> remained
diHufcunded. s« my «»n nam* wss' my widow,—-New York Call,
Several days later I left Chicago. I
went home to my wife and babies. But
during the entire trip 1 latmred under
* queer Impression. It eeemed to
me thst the train wss bearing me to
IMd she eome from New York?"
||   THE     a* A   888^1864
Ite Offldal
^_n^        ^1 « mik dMk    db     * dM
Tests sicv; Br. PrtcC;
Biking Powder te be aost
mBmAAI   h|  MM___________§^mm&     Al   ■|djJ|L^^^|[
parity sbj bcaMhfelacss
.,    _ .  . tin* an  nxaiiipli"  which.  If followed
dairyman »e»r Wjwp^'s. Teju.. what toy otl»«*r members of the firm  Vlilk ,.,„,... #«rtl.
It cost him to produco a quart^^ of mllk. Pro^r * eQt would sickly ruin P1^ I'l ,
•*«c<irch  mi1."  wna th»> nnswer.     H|||„, )iimlii«.«#i I     iM sue«
  iniiul        1 1    " 1    —■»,    We hsve two kinds of iihtlnnthro-1**»»*i*,i aim **,., **«^ (,<■», i« ru
, ,.»,!*,   On, I. ihe ptttdwr** who haa * '.     *S?,*" , J* i*^ *W  ** ™ '   !
S5rV^JUTii{ltt«l!^^l^ IhT^^d in Xew York."     ! •/ *•"* I
t* L? \t tJiu7iiJiS«IT!l?I^    "m ,,,r h,,»b*Bf dk !" *,""'»*«ri    «rt«»nally the Australian Workers'!
f,t ul.   „   ™.mnaiat^.f.i.Ll,^!'«'<•'' uion.' rirti«.l [VoUiii  eonT«lne<f  only tdimrern  nnd
,',Z*  11   „ 1uH i^L Ull ?,!, 1    .  ,11"'    "*>'»■ she etite* her* n widow; hut -other men tutw-t in and about *h«tr-
Xrskkitwurf    Tn Imi'lirt x*\*m ,*» •*"»• m* wmtmw at tmr*. im abada.   kh mentst-fiK SKltatUw the-
omrwifc iw ws««i.( to n tt-mvt t«»j, hwm H nH(i,^ nf hw a||4 , mn j,.,,,, rtI,tetl j,.aa fai,^ |.h« r*t»a for nhearinsJ,
tidn^llr   letridat*   mnn*   *.*i*r>n*f   thw it<u? ***■"■
:.i*   i.uuiu,   »wvl.*4  i*J-»*..l...   .-«.k»»t-,»m*»l^.,. ,h„ |,.aV(Bf
lit:    *,.l     m   It   il A    H-ltl   9   ,'i    <) ij     it)     litis
'.i * rt'*ii»nt trtlk d»^»1*»-r    Hv *•» dr»tfi*
.':♦, .in'» to th-p mnk '1,-alfr•» *iiriili«
Mhtit ki-eidns tb** |»tlif» d«*n dr the
'i'n.'n''!  ttl»iij*r.. ;n  -}.«.    u<>    .*•* ( •■
the! h* U !«ud5?f*-r»-ss'  »■» rti-jruM*■»"},>•,
[t.ir btn*r pri-hNi
.'.'» »n ih«> only ■* ,) :'»»f !,f!n.-n
-»ho dfpf*>l iiiKin *hi-ir *-,%9 '.,; -i,«-ir
living rati protnt '".•.; i„. i,*,.
as»lne>   «Ih»   oo*9ito*il**au ft**    *'., t»•
M AnHf ffcrhW|mlte muMG
'■mn   la  thtoeeh   rlw.
iitiil    Idftrtie't,    1'ii.ri    -
teor-nmvd terth *.
1 i,it- «,.,.«*. **,*** *'■ i*"-
Air mah *bo ta-ii* '■•'■' S.
•hi* Pn«*r ers4*'* *;t tn-:\
■t%t***ltailtfy   Otliii I.**.) 1.
iinr-ttt*.   'n   V»ttH»li •   T> ■
r\'o ot rhitdrro -irdrr
•1 ., a- ■■■:■* «*■''! 1        ''';"
*«.-* i>*,49ti*m nt 1 ■*•■(*»'
" r, **-i wr** ■    -*•'*'
mnA •Mimbtt****-  '*'  *■'*» '
1 tit,    *9t*   j****'    txttt   *,*i*ii*«i|i   *mt%-   ,,****    ****,
•    1 .,,.,. .   ,       , ]•     * ,..,.*,,**,,     „, ,.T|l*|f »» *
■1 f«wn(t hrr rl^nr* It   'h*1  * »rlwi»   IMrliam-ontsry  l<ahor
"\**." *»'d XT.- roung msn, "shta t« partSf* and whcni-**fr th* capitalistic.
'iV.,I,-. '";,■*.. " Tir>'»i<l 'i'',!,","' '.l, ff'-f*!,*p«j "hi* nifirir*i(i.ir*
I *onk,-*t| »t'th* picture. It waa ccr. It x*V* thfin in m \ote** ahlvering wlthi
titnly     Utidif      irlth     ti*r     arrloMa. ftiiOtWm <lut *?*il# terrible A. \V.  I*. •
•     it* 9    „  , \,     »,     .*,    -.*,..   *J r   ..'».',   .   ,,-,,.    .riff1,,.,   flf • fo#>  ff^f'
<oiM nox (tHity-lr-*) all thst had truna- rr*% %.f.***t psrtr '   IvnwmiHy I wtah*
>!r<-'l    .,w   in    '*htwi«f*      IK1    fth-f- It niBircl^d tbe lot.
tmrr>» I ««h*>"d myaelf.    Itut no.    I     Thia A. W. I'. vt-rtn* to *** tbe nc-
» *<* tnf. r%«. t «hit »h«* had arrlrel a ta-aaliy «( (ine lite I'nioii.    Throusii-
*, j»». a»i l<-,rt*lnl) waa aware that out Au»tra!U the f4ru aorkera v,ire,
9b** had e»\*r tn^rrtad tn New York. l'»l«l   >•*•>   iKMir   ******   la  oome In-
Th«n  ah*   aaa »«te compelled to le- **«"«   in)   l.*n  p»r   «r«-k.   with
Treeiuters of Church Societies, Lodge Ubor and Athletic
Organiralions will find the Home Bunk most obliging
in handling tho deposit accounla of tho
funds placed in their keeping. te
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
VICTORIA AVI,, -i- -«- PgRNIt   ft. O.
tm iPMiiwu whiMbmcrxtntun,, oxx.
1 n»»»e
.•tn***   ahem*
heliMr   »  fc« ■• V«f ,,-f'^n tht* i,'ata^* the men
,.*   1VH.M' .'.   "1»H   ,1'"  si't'" .'1   '<ri'  '*-tjr*nj 'haw minwrii}*
tueM-ftd--!*   ah*   <*tl: T*f\ *U;t* In !hr- end td the atable.
, ' ,' * r
; X ■>»»»
\9*4      *  .
I ats
A i.-i
11   **.*-r
• 1. i>-i
■<••»   *,,«>   <,»a»e?    A»«»J   -ntuliiu-it   >'.' '■ '
•.' "if ssd thinking abnflt her.' *--<;' a :
• .»  .iii, ,. I,   J:,J*-*4   -HilHl   U--iU     1 ts.
■   '..-   X.iif** »»-l *ln>nl two  «<i*  "I
'■*•• • 1   >llc 1 »t the hnw«e ath*re ter *n-
• '  -.    u-'l,  n  Mi<   t:*"-t' '"*■'
«...»*»*'• ? *.fc»d i*t a   *•■«*
IMUL, {15,000,000 "TBBWE WHD, $13,500^)00
laaued hy "ttm Cm*d\m Bank of Commerce enable tht traveller to
ftwWe W<m»eW with fond* w*h*w»t tWnv at earb fwlnt of Wa "trmrney Jn
a convenitsnt j*ct itiomiisulfe jnannrr. Thty *are isropd ymj-abje Jn ovory
cotmtty in the world to dcnomtnAtkms of
#10, $20, S60, •100,
,   .ti, iii.*.t',::.i!) Xi1  ii.lli
tm '.'*,. at-frig* rh^tr ron.
. .•:'/,*■•       Tf f      A, ' »;■*
•n 'i.-tt r»' div'k.'ii urr.lt af- ...
unit tnu- e few r**ra aro   with the exact oqoMkod m tfie memtfn m tbe principal count tie* stated
tm tlw f*c* ot -m-th cfwuyue.   Tbuy afe oootMNnkali alwoOulirijf sarfe, *#tf-
Mmtifjbrg itnd ettaftr rteg-nrfnterl •       fSW
V* '!»• e*R I de tot y«sir
■ • ,,! a Mc «*f".!i r
n • >   t'*J't-   i*.n*,ii»*   ii
\i' >.-   i   ir   v-.tra   aae   tU**x
i*r<v.'    >%(»»*»■»«     t I-,,**
■ >:;ip!:*h*4 »ftf]r Uttte    Then
. -    •...    \.t 1 'A,*-   |- >>■
P, D. FOWLKR, TWannpr
The Hotel
One of the
C, J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Xou're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods,  Groceries,  lloots and
Shoes, • G-ents' Furnishings
BRANCH  AT  HOgMEgt_glfii.
Liquor Co.
■*..<, Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
FerniB-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay £»
Full lupply of following
fer an appttlting mul te
ehooie from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Carrbrldot taut*
•flf« for tomorrow's brook*
Calgary Cattle Co.
■*hn*n I* Wo** bunot
rtRNtt, •. C.
A. McDougall, Mgi
"a—aw— iiii iiiiiiiimil ■■i-iiiiin in ii ji
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
♦ ♦<**•■*♦♦♦-♦■«■.<■•► *** +,
District Ledger Office, April 11, 1914.
AU matter intended for publication
in this column should be addressed to
tire Checker Editor, and s-houitl reach
.this office not Uti-er than first post
on Tuesday of each week.
Correspondents sciulliis corrections
of play will oblise by quoting tlie posi-  vianskyeh bratov
For our Foreign Brothers
(National's  in   union)
ion of ihe pieces at the stage when
I'helr play comes In.
Contributors will oblige by arranging theiir play in tabular .form, four
columns to the sheet.   Tiie first three
columns  should  be of  equal  length.
Ruled paper is desired.
Problem No, 6
By Mr. J. F. Tliomson.-Strathcoiia, Alta.
m   m
m    m%
g §18 -^ m'~
m* lH-«a
Pf   M
Posledna konvencia banikov "United .Mine Workers of Amarika" vydr-
Siavana v Indianapolis, Ind., vyslovlla
sa za pr-ij&tle prave vtedy •pojednava-
ju*c,ej sa iprotiprist'ahovalec—k-ej pred-
lohy Burnettovej.
PoSet Slavianov v tejto, organizacii
je kel'kj'. Sama unia poCituje asi 400
>tisic udov a smelo niozeme povedat',
ie Slaviani, Clenovia tejto unie tvoria
dobru polovicu Clenstva unie.
iPrisfahovaleckd zakony v Sp. Sta-
toch boly dost'.prisne v poslednej do-
■be. Straw protiiprist'alvovalecka za-
viedla mnolie nepotrebne a vstup
prist'ahovalca obt'ufcujuce' zakony a
terajsia predloha dice, a>by .prist'aho-
valci iboli pod'rabeni este i zkuske pis-
ma. Predloha, ked' by ,bola tak pri-
ja*ta, ako je osnovana, iste by zadala
rami slavlanskamu prist'ahovaleotvu.
Nas prist'ahovalcov sloven-skj'c-h sa-
inycli, moZno by sa neriotkia tak krate
naSej   narodnostl,   ako   druhyeli   Sla-
Ale dotkia 'by sa
(Maple Leaf Notes)
■Black men oil '1, 3, VI; king on 18.
White men ou 10, 15, 17; king on 11.
White to move and draw.
(The above is an ending drawn
across board.—Ed.)
Problem No. 7
By IMr. J. P. .Thomson, Strathcona,
.Black man ua i'i; kings on 27 and
31. White men on 22 and 30; kings
on 14.   White to move and draw.
Another setting of a similar Idea
as above.—-Ed.
Solution to Problem No. 5
White men on 6, 11, 12, 13 and 14.
Black men oil 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23.
Black to move and draw.
15—24 2—6 14—18
23—ll)a 81—*?   ,*■   15—22
24—27 6—15 24—15
6—2 27—24 drawn
- a
2—6 23—J6 12—19
15—19 drawn
Professor Thornton, of Armstrong
College, has patented a device for -preventing the sparking of mine signal
bells and apparatus, and he demons
strated it before the members ol the
North of England Institute of Alining
and Mechanical Engineers on tho 1-lth
Inst. Two mining disasters ln Wales
have ibeen directly traced; to the Ignition of bad gases Uy the electrical
sparking of signal bells, and at the
recent Senghenydd Inquiry considerable attention wns directed to the dan-
ger arising from this source, Mr. Nelson, the electrical Inspector of mines,
suggesting that all underground sig>
nailing apparatus should he totally ou>-
closed. The adoption of such preeau-
ticiiB would, however, entail great ex-
pense, and naturally n more economic
fafisiiurJ would bo preferable. Pro-
ittsaur Tlionitou conflileiitly claims, as;
rtjioriud in the North Mall, that his
i nas dost' citel'ne. Xase skoly v sta-
rom kraji, neuSia diet'a za kratkej
rifby povlnndho liiivStevovania skoly
tak Citaf a plsat", ako snad'-v-yslovit'
par otrepanfch mad'arsk^cli fraz a po-
zdravov. Diet'a vychodiv&le taU6to
skoly, je d'aleko od zhalosti Citanla a
pisania.—Burnettova predloha predpi-
suje ale zkusku plsma!
Ze sa. unln, poditujuca vyse poioylce
slavianskeho clen&tva, vyslovlla' za
prijatie tejto i.precHohy, je dlvne, ale i
vysvetlitene, ked' -povazinie to, ie tam
nema-me z naSej narodnostl -Siadneho
zastancu v hlavnom tirade. Teda vy-
slovenia sa za navrh, 6i predlbhu, ned-
iktuje zlepSenia stavu robotnictva, ale
je ono namieren^ najviacej na tu ne-
navidenu Clasitku robotnictva, ktoru
tvori robotnictvo slavianske.
Uniu samu, ako organisaciu, ktora
je prospeSiia robotnictvu, odsudit' ne-
moZno, lebo ju, ako ustanovizen rabot-
nicku treba vfiestnmne pod.porovat',
ale tre'ba je slavianske roibotniotvo,
Co po&tove siln^ Slvel, precitlo a fclad-
alo si iiiatrifine quorum slavianskycli
Slovenskf a slavlansky ?jivel unie,
je ?,ivlom vern^m a podporujucim
uniu. Jedina ohyba je, 2e je medzi se-
bou narodove nesorgaiiisovan^, jeden
druh&nu zavidiaci a preto niet sa
Comu divit', 2e Slaviani pri hlasova.ni
odovzdaju svoje hlasy na cudzinca,
ktori^ sa nas nlkdy nezastane. Tohoto
by islniali ilenovia unie povsimnut' a
iisilovat' sa, aiby dl'a pomeru pofttov-5-
ho Zladali a postavill si poCas volieb,
^Vojich vlastnJ'Ch kandidatov.
Nedivme sa, ked' pri naSej rozhara-
nosti. a vrutorn^ch -bojoch, dostane sa
pofitove tnenSla stranka k v©slu a potom vynaSa a vyslovuje sa za pred-
lohy, smerujuce k potlaCeniu nas sa-
mpch.. *    " .,,•■ ■,.     -.;■■?'■    -.-■■-..-.
Keby sme v iinll konali svoje povln-
nostl tak ako treba, keby sme pama-
tali jia --seha,'*ha.**Bvoju* narodnost' a
Verejny Notar
MACLEOD     ■    Box 7 ALBERTA
NaQtivuje Bellevue na 14 kaSdy mesac
^ly, tu zostavajuci majneri zo dna
j na den  horSich  veci sa do-Jka.vaane.
Nie dost' na torn,  ^e  sme  doposial'
praeovaii dva, tri dni v tSldni, kde
vyrobili sme aspon na tie najpotreb-
n'ejiie veci, ktor6 su v ka2dej domac-
nosti nevyhuuteln<3; v predminul^ tyz-
den tunajsi "pitt bos" pustil z pi-ace
vlacerych l'udi, tak ie dnes zamestk-
nan6 je na tejto -majne len osem maj-
neroy.   Z prace. vyhosteni su z vaCfta
strarsi robotnici a ku tomu "familiani
ti", kdezto novgie do prace prijati a
svobodni zostali v praci.   .Ie to podiv-
n£, ze liadny ohl'ad neberje sa na ro-
botnikov, ktori maju rodinu ao ktoru  fernie
sa musia starat'.    Vsak takj svobod-
nj' Clovek, ked' by aj tjeh par ty2dnov j
■nerobil, neugkodllo iby mu to tak, ako j
tok^'mu, ktprj' una rodinu,   a   potom j
svo-bodnj. Clovek mole sa  skor i  za'
pracou d'alej .pusiit', ponevaC nie je k
nicomu viaaany.
Tak.vinto sposoboni z prace prepus-
teni "famillantl" hl'ailia v ustrety
sm mt nej buihicnosti; pracu v terajSom
Case nikde nie je mozn4 dostatY ob-
chodnici odopieraju im uver a zaSpore-
nj'ch penazi tie?, plet, ked?.e xti dihy
Cas pred tym sa fepatne pracovaSo, ie ""■ Ci Lawe
nebolo niozn^ nifi odlozit', ba skor eSte sa dlli spravil.
Neviem ako dlho to eSte _potrva
j takato nezamestknanost'. ale aby to
itrvalo este -mesiac-dva, nuteni by sme
,boli obratlt' sa niel«ie o pomoc. U2 1
dnes imnoh6 rodlny naeliadzaju sa v
takom polo2eni, ze im je pomoc •Sini-
skorSia nevyhnutelne potrebna.
iMiuulu sotbotu bolo vyrusen^. «na'6e
mais mestedko prJchodom policajta,
ktor<5iu> prlviedol J. SkarJ'dkp, k voli
vymozenlu "rentu", ktorj mu udajne*
nezaplatil V. Mrstlk. Tento ale tvrdil
io on mu vfietko poctive' vyplatil i bola vec tato ponechaiia ku ich doniace-
mi,i vyibaveniu. .-'..'■■
Minul^ pondelok; osudn6 neStestia
postihlo krajana Ja'na* Kubina, rodaka
z Liesku, z Oravy. V zmieuenj' den
tool na_ Blairmore za istjm povolanim
a dlV udania zmeskal oso,l>n^ vlak,
sadnul na t'archovlak, ktorj' ho zavle-
zol ni na Crows Nest a tairi posial' z
nevysvetlitelnej pritiny dostal sa pod
kola vlaku, ktory ho na mieste tak
dokalieil, ze iioraneniu za malu chvil'u
i podl'almul, Jeho Zena upovedomena
ibola zi na druh^ den i>o nehode, lebo
holo sa to stalo u5S v noci okolo de-
slatej hodlne. Zanechal po sehe vdo-
vu s vlacerjmi zaopatren^mi det'mi,
leibo ma dost' siluSnJ' majetok, ktor5r si
pofias svojho dost' dlh^lio pobytu v
Canade, nashromafcdil.
Ten tuiobne ocakavanj? jarn^ Cas
nijako nechce efite pri nas zostat'.
Par diii je pekne, zat^m sa zam*raCl,
pride snah, zase da2d' a tak sa -to
Stale onakiila   Prave  te_iietn-jlad*k«.-
Barrister and Solicitor
Notary Public
Visits Bellevue on the 1-lth of each
month   ,
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone  121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
'I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-similes of Prof. A. Garlow.
Bald at 26.
Pine hair at 55.
B. C.
svedomite; nemohlo by sa atat'. 2e by
konvencia banikov bola za predlohu
podobneho druhu. NaSa nesorganiso-
vanosf, zavisf vnutorn^ hoje a nepraj-
nosf k svojmu nasubija, potlaSuje a
v ofilach injch l'udi do 6pat«6ho svet-
la stavla, 6o naSl neprlatello vedlft do-
hre vyuiltkovaf v svoj prospech a nas
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices.:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
Alex. I. Fishc
Fernie, B. C. l
I POSITIVELY Cure all hair and
and premature grayness. GEOW ladies' and ■children's bail- rapidly,
positively cure all I do take. Hair
can be fully restored on all heads
j that still show fine hair or fuzz to
prove that the roots ur CAPJLLIARY
glands are not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT svstem of
HOME TREATMENT for out-of-the-
CITY people who cannot come to me
for personal treatment. WRITE TO^
DAY for Question Blank and PARTICULARS. Enclose stamp and mention this paper.
MY PRICES are reasonable My
The World's Most Scientific Hair and
Scalp Specialist
Room' 1, Weldon  Block,  WINNIPEG,
Bar supplied with  the   best Wine's,
, Liquors and Cigars
S^^^^r^^^^OT^^padAva zas<f snah. xm. hy
sme si zelall, aby nam ta zlma ui raz
dala: pokoj, aby sme sa mohli venovat'
trochu pracam v nafiloh zahradach,
lebo veru uprtnjne redeno, kompania
nam doprlala tblko oddychu, ie hy
sme mohll 1 celu farrau ohroblt', len
kehy u4 prlSla leplfia pohoda,
The Respectability
oj Business
[by Joseph E. Cohen]
The report that tho United States
Express Company ls about to give up
the ghost contains n little secret that
the puhlie should mako the most of,
It Is this: The straw which broke
the camel's back was the refusal of
the government to permit Mie railroads to Increase freight rates.
The express company had hoped to
shoulder the Incrt-ased freight reiws
on tlio shippers, Including possibly the
United   State*   (iovcrnment   In   the
device which ho han Invented since !**hj}l.w °.f l»arct-l» . poc
Of course, it would take a Socialist
administration to do this. Hut we
shall not stint praising any other administration which does the work
fairly .well.
The Socialist is interested In an orderly change for ihe sake of civilization to follow, aside from the fact that
the price of a derangement will ttej
paid in part at l**;'*^ '»>' the working1
class. i
Hut rhere Is imoiher reason for de- \
„,,„.., ,„  „„ .,„„  ,„,v„,v,„  „,„.„,      - . *lrlng the  tnnisfpr of  properly   and:
"lu'S'. iiZii«ii>d"iivd*isii°»u-''r'li"*Bin- econ-*    '*""* l1",<,<','i"  r*'!"l*?i'  may  wonder j power to he inaiU* with jih little frlc- •
" '■'* '•'  ' "'   "  tlcn ns ne-ed Ik*.   And that reason Is |
a  very  n«iH"nil>i<' and  i-«ti»t-rvat'.v*'
one. [
It   Is  Jills:   Tin'   ruliiiit  olas*  have!
ever pr^acJui ili»« mnntlHy of law and
order.   They have wVloni.pntctlseil it.!
to be mire.    Um ihey have pn-uihwl ■
It.    And wo wculd like t'» take them
omlf ,'iud t-Kcctual Mft*gu,ir.l. ai.dihe Jl0,v :hl*  »v««W h«uellt  Uie express
i:e:>5«u»tiatlon» he gave at the coiiclu. f0iHl«'»<y.   <in.tiii>>  ihere wouht not
•lou of the general  business of the P* ««>' *»««»»"«» for Hie express pom-
meeiinif uroiifed great interest.   Dur- »»»>■ promoters In  paying iiddltlonal
ing the coiirae of Un devMnntmUml****™* to tke nillnula,
Professor Thornton remarked that It     )}oH: ""'*" *ouW m my.*\mn\
was  comparntlviily  nmy  to  prevent l    °T>,in '""," m7lV" ;»,',Mriit..'ly. they
sparking ul the bell, and his device *«,,w ^ thcm in <,"lch * *»>'   hat.      ,   ,
not only did thai, but it prevented   ho>' ^"'j1 »<*!'»>. ,Tl" «>?»w»*,*»«J«*j-*!-»Wr wonl.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your hill any item of lumber no;
found just as we represented. There
la no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you saul spruce we do no*
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip Id •
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those wbo
have not yet made our acquaintance
are tuklitg chances they wouldn't on*
counter if tbey bought tbelr lumbal
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   not
Oeori.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
Opposite G. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22
Phone 23.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
          ., ..*;.*:>
■    '
Meals that taste liko
niotlu'i' usud to cook
Best in the Pass
Joe. Grafton, Proprietor
sparkliM at slKtiallliiK points nearer
tlu* ooal fine, K)! purl ments had shown
that hpurhiiKt on the open wires wan
the more diuureroii* of the two. bolng
Iness l» the Wi-IimihI-hI poHsot of tln»|    We iwouil lli>« to hc ihe tr.i»»f*
railroad  combine*.    They    are   two j nude m» khuU  sitae •■ven the liy***i!r-
liockets of the sani*' coat. jionl fdltor« of th«' mmst  rcju-ijoiiarv
We  think   ««'  fan   nov   tlvnn* o«it; -jrtjf,   could   t,X.   ,hvu -u *!   ih*-.-f   un-
more llkelv to cause Ignition of KHSes !*'*>" " w'owld have Im<ii ttt Iho dlxtluct! not tin*. jtror< ** <f !;Av. ThU mivlt:
than the Ml simrk, ft ln« h.»»n .'im- '"dvnit.w ;•/ Min ev-.r.-- -....•. ..f.- ;. • >,x < ,.r;,,.. •;„... :,x , ,,1.,*.., .,
ciusively proved thai «as lt.tti been Ib-i *° W '•''''Clonal rates *■•< tli«> rill-; could he done by way of tlwnuwih
nifw!   lii   mines  from  nluualliiiK  clr-'rrM'*   '""'   «^l>cctally 'in   having   all: r<-*|H-i*t!ii;|f   «Ki>ntiei»  of  comiteMMoii
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
Mi. il ,i* tue (ittlr-eis |K»»I.
A**iile front urtythliiB el-se, I?  w;y,iH
or  Intetll-
cul!*. tittloutth very r;.r<!y, bu: jJh-a- ot',''^ *h1!»>»M\r* l,;'-v
cent Miterlincnts made at the Trede-!    HJ" 0,T*ta p,ty >,u'ih ""f"*^' !'" ,,
pr Itescue Stadoi. by  Mr. «i«trkc«!on ^ »♦""«' *w«tp«J«w of ndustry^,««. ,, trl'.ute t» the wi^rfo
and Jlr. NVNon Indicated ihat pit jc»*!»n.M ntot ,b% w,**r««« >» ««<• "«»«' >tt*n** m  the  worklnit elttas
can he 1ki.11.d li> llie ..fii circuit with I ]ff: tMl  u, \" «»»»«•*»■  itninfut   to; vhouM ht-ut  the) .aj»ll«ll«  K-ime.  In
the nr-cMUirc iiermlttc^ l»v the llnm-e    "'nl<   1,s   m" ,,1('H,,,V<* ,K niThle»*|y . ^ilte of havlitu Iuul tm h»i»«l in in-ik-
tM/lce.   Tlie .'«»rlm'«nu *Im .bowed ,ir,l,K ,lrlT" »»'   «i! .^'f^   '^  « | Inif «h*' ruleji.
that where low toltiutet nrt* itaetl on - aT '*** lnconi>laei»te  totnro* \    And If l*m»kn ns though tliey ur.uht.
«h# MI cireui? the riik of litnltion le 1 "''J,"-.      _ ,     .     |   New York rail
very remote, Im.i It I* n^ccmary to two I    To.b* »«"*• ,u,r,llv "',0,,«'1 »'"M h,,'v"	
hlKh mmm* in *lm*l lotm ttlmm-\ »,:lu'!1 u^» 'Mr'0 ""!*r •"•«««•«'*«•««*
to. and therefore there I* the poMltill- '"'f "'• ,s1i u «»«■"'<>««•'>' ,<l '•" »'•>
liy of a Khon tMstunce ring ou Iiiicli iL, \,  , ,    ,T!,y       "
,yret*nn: v-mmius » i'«iin*'rout, »;»ark.!,  '*     m ,.in    ,.   u>~*".      ...     „,     ,
Them nt* nexerni ememn ot »iW! tf,K •» }»•«• «M  l«nI. h hold olfS.-e,
'Unit hy m«aii« of entlowd Mh. m„l ■ »»«   "'♦* l»n*wrWn« In oi ih«. .w.-, 1,
at, i wnr e-vjire** ci.Hiiuitj  lit* alrenty j
if,*     l <•,,]•*,    kit |
J. L- GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of tht City
PUtt* $2.50 per day
WiUi Private Bath $100
Fire Proof Sample
Koomt in Connection
:,«,.-11114*1111* tiirreiit hy which th«* risk i 7} ,, «
M* r-«!ttcf.I. atitl '.lw ii*\Ut  e\;\*h l»r.»-■ •' ,'"'"*;
mm n  ;»«   '■■>*■
List of Locals District 18
"   "    "        '""   " j Ultutt iH-U WiUi.4.1 UlMurlwrice w lw ■ ^    "t   Le«   «■,,.•   hi  InL      T'      e„.?v «,.«! .-let  ■• . . iAi   -nl !,', .»,.■■
Mm. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. MilUt, Manager
li.  h   ; l<*',**-«jr".
•te. tnd P, O. Aanni*
Whit* \*h %t(m*
Ik aw t'r-pck..,
*  '  '•
.Wiwi %lmk, T*l>c r, A5tiH.
,. ,P. Wbtmiley, llnnkhcad. Alia. -
...J. iMMhrnti. Iloaier Creek, via Pinch**  Al««
...^«mwn>» ttwrMo, ■»»* 4*. HeltfTtte, Alfa.
... W. (". CMetovh***. malmmrtf. Alta
... T. U. HarHe*. PatwbtifK, Altn.
...J. MMchHI, f'B-rtwntlati*, rotcmail. Alta.
Michael Warren, Can-more. Alt*.
...J. Jobtmem, *roi*wm. Alta.
... Ceo. mw*  Cnrhtit   tt  r
... Ja* Horn*, rhlnook. v;a INamortd City. Alta,
Thia t'nftttl, FrrrA,',. [}. C.
,.. lli an Muruaii, trunk. Mim.
... W, tteldomow*. Hoamer, It C
....Jaa Uortoit, lltllerea*, Alttt.
...U ntrnre, VUt HitiIs Arena*, X. !,*stti!>rM«e
... .* .rtmmk n*nrt«i!ii«wj. domi-um, aim.
,..T ft Herri**, p-f^bi-ir**-, .1 fr.*i
— II. Vrittwt. U»eb*l, it <.
Pi»*»«Imnr T. fi Ilarrlen, PaanUum, AHa,
T*S*r.  A. llMl«9*aM, Talwr, Alia.
war wlTZ'iZJ^wmk L'^Sii'^— *»» «« nfi-nHm ttt rlKnitx jlV **« «"1«* »', «,i
,r>* vmiwumu to <n<-on*nt» Hi^*^*.'"* a»"' "• M Ut ** %**™x™'* '^'^ r!"M"d"K *'"' *fr";!",5"f""r "'
Tt:fnfn^vi*  j.ur^-fcs   hi   i-m.*.j»,X  a     . ' .      ,.,       '"•"'''" -
| tw!l in it Inm* raat-lroti hex in wSilch iw| •• mthri> a* lsmK Wfs
(liu*» i)is-.*:Si .ti. iiJiJiiiiiMlii** in imt re of >* i ■ ||"1
In** «nd sir, and It w:** thxmi *"'« :
f*ernf.!nf cwi*«rt inv'tje to IjmIijuu- i
WJ   Corlp}!! :	
IIM i:hlM*-,l* Mlnon.,..*.
nil   Vert,).*
Iloufw-r. ,...
1+tVinidtr* Coittettm
MetiAe Uont	
m<h,-i , ....
I Si* hnt! ai the auktUary cirs-Mii, wbirh
{roftftltttu* |»r»)f#-i*9r Thorr/ottV '!<--
\xtre. w-i* tn operation n« lif'^f lors ,m-t
|<-Kp!o*uin occurmd. but iti**-momr-r.*
,ti mm d.;»i**fi*««'d wl'h. th* r?n*t>H n*
| tlie !»«*ll rire-d the nm and .i vfelou*
Hifue flame sho? ont o» *»<-ft at.ith tf
»r?>e ViTHrt Th" ttrt,*.,-,... x-:. ; ,,,, 4i
f .Mii^njf,
.    A    nm«iii*(»-»n»a*J«'«S    i*i»llt*W"!.!«T'    %:i"m'-.
Attfimm  ami I  mh*r bat* hu»»,vi.tt
'than «h#» «r».   If that |*»!tti*.|j*> ;» « ■
^iin,!)*- oi sitf immttHJit'.a, jinthn'.fv *\ftt ■
■ an iun! mtmi'i mt|»-*r hare tka ittA».
9»H  «.eor#e-f.*ii, tan wore.. .Mat I fatter. tleort*trt*n. Can-awr*. Alta.
It li, vi/i inci'MMi) tur th* "anal**;
lot »h#» ttr-rmp'ii'i'" *<i <■'.- :> V.'**UU»a- ,
'vsft Jt* order to »Uu* t--»ii|[r«i«». Titer*.
fare la.Ww iiaem;»lo»-fd Irr W*i*ftlnjttni, f
le«w. a ho ivmll nlutn thi* ,'iutliorUS-e* [
| >r ti-ey d!1 wet a-t-tr thi* M»#f,ri itt
ic* ma-ftert.
t'lsien'* AM r«>*»ll» fre-u
,,..,,. , ,\t* Hunt m I iti-i ■•■-■;'
s'ltltMl?    sr'n'lltt,   i,.i»l»ei.
i*tcf    ;u*  !:n..*i :., - •      !
,   ,,'■ *," i*i » *•
* ,       !*    ■■■ ,lt-
'», ij»' ,r or
\\ » ,---\-f'l\,
,»*,--.:,!.te   lit
fexcell«»nt Ciii«tin*r*      At^wflu  f»t»H
European Plan     Electric Light
Hot & Cold Water   Sample Rooms
Phones   Special Ratt^R by the month
.'eo >f!(ti.i> .J   tiiit.  itf   \4i\ ■■*■*
' a*k yoq ui ;•*'■' tvf ■» ■ • ■ !
; Kan!  you •'* ttllh** :,* ■.'•■■• '•
"no -roat tt» yo«
li»t» a hav nl Ur-\"*'.' «'t
! etiit *hmrt»tt8*h!i *:t»,»f., ;, •
**»■*■» nlil rtttim ■*<>*(?■■ tf.
',).„ *,-'*v     r*'  - ■ *.*•   ,    •*.
*: I **t*. '£,*•-, "tue,.
VrtW   f »I1   ter*    It, i -<■   i ■»-■
ii»   Xni* Ht-%*'.', «"wr« -     * : *i
: «nly of oa.   N, K. jsitM**.*,
' VleJoHn A*vert»e. F*-**t ■»*   !
mm doixar
* IH fMW %+ti  f« ft* If fam ■ ;*»■ 1  .« at
"i*       US   f<*m« Ititt   *t   li   *<-.nttr.:   U   •
i •* *i*. *,<<i,l*t M*«-«»« * «'.«»•« *«■ -*"*
tat a*t**f'i*'v0 t-**!*!.*. ,« * " 4.«« v ■ •■••
*Oaa Wttaar H arm V»* *** ■*•**■•«
! . i
Eoropean Clin Rien Rites
50c. nntl Upwards
Aiwriom P!an Ratal
S2.00 per Day
Stephen T. Humble
Furniture, Hardware, China,
Stationery etc
Our Ladies Departi^ient
Shipment of New Wash Silk Waists, made in quality 15 Mammy Jap
Silk.   Have new low style collar.   A dandy good wearer and a washer.
All sizes 34 to 40.   Price $5.00
A broad selection .embodying the very newest in styles, shown for early
season wear.   Prices from  $3.00 to $12.50
Introducing in Fernie the new and perfect Hook and Eye—The Wilson
Dress Hook—built to wear and is non-rustalble. Ask for them at the
Notion Counter.   Colors: Black, Grey, and-White. ■
We will give you a free card a§ sample for the asking, along with a
small leaflet telling you the advantages of the New Dress Hook.
Untidy '/J,
jijjk   Way
| Wilson
To Every
Bring this advertisement to oiir
Notion Department nots later, than
one week from today and receive,
absolutely free, a regular 10c card of
"Wi Ison D ress-kooks
These popular new Dress-hooks are not ordinary hooks and
eyes or snaps—tliey will completely overcome your dress-fastening
difficulties. The free cards are not samples but the same value for
•which you would rejjularly pay 10c.
We make this most unusual and liberal offer as we are confident
you will find Wilson Dress-hooks the very thing you have always
wanted. They can't come unhooked or "pop" open accidentally.
They hold securely without bulge or gap, though you can unhook
them with perfect ease. Guaranteed not to rust or crush in washing
ahd ironing, and to outlast any garment j perfectly flat and never show.
Don't,neglect this opportunity to try the Wilson Dress-hooks
you have seen so widely advertised in the leading magazines and style
books. Used by fashionable women everywhere
and endorsed by leading dressmakers.
Cut Out this Advertisement
and present at our Notion Department. Large and
small sizes; Gray, Black and Wliite colors. One dozen
on a card. We can not sive a card to any om: who has
received a card tree from any merchant or thc Wilson
Drcss-Uoolc Co., Cleveland, O.  None given to children.
Is attractive with a great display ot.Easter Novelties in Neckwear,
Shirts, Collars and Silk Pyjamas.
Just received from the East in all
the new designs and colors. Priced at
50c, 65c. 75c and $1.00..
In new Spring patterns; colors of
these Shirts are guaranteed, absolutely
fast. These are made in two styles,
stiff cuffs, soft bosom and collar band
only and the new soft French cuff, soft
fronts and soft lounge collar to match,
attached or detached. Priced at $1.50,
$2.00 and $2.50.
Silk Shirts in "White or Colored, collars attached or detached, are shown
in great variety of patterns. Priced at
$3.25.   These are made from heavy silk.
Special inducements to those who need Suits will be given Saturday and Monday to buy the Best Brands of Clothing in new and attractive cloths; every garment guaranteed to be perfect in fit and
workmanship; all sizes 34 to 44.   Sale price ........... . $15.00
From the Dry Goods and Ready-to-wear Department
Showing a big selection of Easter Novelties,
small necessaries that we wanted to complete the
Easter Dress Parade. Selection made easy from a
well-assorted stock of practical and fancy Easter
Showing a big range of Neckwear iii th.cb newest
and most approved colors and combinations for
Easter and early Summer wear. The selection is
broad in ev«ry sense of the word and shows'you
the fashion tendencies for the holiday season.
49c to $3.00
The Tango Handbag so extremely popular in the .
East just now has the new saddle,handle and is
shown in Paddy Green, Purple, Cerise, Brown, Bed,
Black and Taupe Grey.  You'11 like these when you
see them.   They are entirely the newest.
Shown here in a very big range of plain and
fancy Leathers, new shapes and combinations.
Prom $1.00 up to $12.50 each.
Shown in natural and white; best grade of washing Chamois.   Made to wear and give satisfaction;
all sizes.    Price: Natural $1.50; White, $1.75.
Side aud Back Combs. Fancy Barretts, Jewelled
Ornaments, etc. The range is complete to the
smallest detail, making the Easter selection easy.
Prices  50c to $5.00 each
An entirely new range shown in every Avanted
'color"and all sizes.   Prices .. 75c to $3.00 per pair
Shoe Dept.
Ladies' neat and
stylish Shoes and
We are well equipped wit-h a good
large assortment of
•tie New Spring
Styles of Footwear.
We ' can ^please
you in mostly any
special line you require.
Our Boys' and
Girls' Department
has never ibeen imore
complete. We -have
half a dozen different makes to choose
from, among them
being the Classic
Shoes, the Little Star Shoes, Pla-iMate Shoes and Boy
Scout, all of which are high-grade and reliable lines.
Our Men's Department carries with It whatever is new.  •
We have a complete range of styles In the Geo. A. Slater
and Just Wright makes.  AVe can please,you in either ot
these lines of high-grade footwear.
We will have on display in our Grocery Department
Saturday morning a -full seasonable assortment of Cut
Flowers and. Potted Plants.
Grocery  Specials
Turkey    per lb. .35
Chicken   , 30
Fresh Dggs   per dozen .25
Hot House Lettuce  per lib. .35
Large Juicy Oranges ".. per dozen" .50
Bananas per dozen .40
■Molr's Cream Chocolates ....'  per lb. .50
Lowney's Cream Chocolates   per lb. .35
Robertson's Chocolates   i Lb. box .40
Lowney's Fancy Chocolates   per box, 25c to 2.00
Grape Juice  quarts .50
Peanuts .per Vb. .15
Walnuts 20
Slab Fruit Cake   per lb. .30
BYesh Churned Government Creamery Butter, per 1-b. ,40
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground  2 lbs. .85
Fry's Cocoa  y lb. tin .25
Nestles Food  per tin ,45
Allenbury Food   No. 1 large .85
AHenbury Food  .'  No. 2 larg« .85
Allenbury Food  No. 3 large .50
Horlick's Malted Mllk   small .40
Horlick's Malted Mllk   large .90
Horlick's Malted Mllk   hospital 3.50
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
Editor, District Ledger.
pear Sir,—-Kindly allow nie space In
the columns of the Ledger io reply io
somo of the statements made by J.
Newman Jn a letter which was 'published in last week's Issue.   Bearing
in mind that only a very small minority of our membership holds similar
antediluvian  Ideas  as Uro.  Newman, j
I  would not hnve bothered  lo reply j
to sucll nonsensfi ns Bro. Newman's
letter contains,   were  lt not  for  IiIh'
distorting -of facts of the matter In j
question.     Ho   states,   for   instance,,
that 1 added words to tut* aiiienamcntj
whlrh were not pRftsed by the Ixk'hI ,
Union mooting, and wli ich' put a much J
different bearing on the ymemlment. I
Let nie point out tlmt I did not add j
miyiliiUK whtttpote-ttjr   to   the   amend-j
iiH-ut. but that 1 -moved in \\m i'ohvwii-;
tion to strike out the words "Secre-
tiiry of the" ho ihe amendment would i
read "Local t'nion" iuH<\H|.of "-^htc* (
tury of the L«<:<1 I'lilf-m."   In liow farj
ililb puU u much different bearing ou;
the matter nnd conflicts with somo
tlili-K wiik-h l** made law tor yur (tuiil*
ance and safety, is not clear to nie,
in Ither docs Uro. Nt ivinan'a quotations
of   the  Coal   M^tit*   Act  and   special
rules enlighten m en 'hi- iu;i!t«-r.    1
may further point out that the amend
ment does not conflict with anything
that is law (capitalist law) and if it
did would not concern me in the least,
as it upholds the first Jaw,of nature,
That It may at times interfere with
our masters' profits I am willing to
admitj'tbut as this is not our funeral
I fall lo see why we should worry over
The switching on to politics seems
to be a thorn In the side of Bro. Newman, and I nm sure he would rather
discuss tbe Immortality of the soul or
the hereafter in the Union meetings
than something which is of vital Interest nnd benefit to the workers, The
brand of Socialism that I am trying
my utmost to make predominant way
seem to ho as far in the distance as
Jupiter ls from Mam to a man who
cannot see any further than his nose,
nnd who ln hotter acquainted with a
prayer book than with the trend of
tho labor movement.
In conclusion 1 would advise Bro.
Newman to rvtxl some Socialist litem-
miv vHt-li, If he is sufficiently Intel!!-
Kent to understand it, will ennblo him
to realize his true position ln society,
and will also enable him to do his own
thinking instead of letting the clergy
du li for him. I always enjoy n good
argument if my opponent-knows what
he is talking a.ioti;. and can support
his argument by facts, but to argue
with Bro. Newman 1* like tailing candy from tx kid. However. I hope he
will stuly the vital questions concerning  thc  worker* and give us Home-
thing which will .be worth while replying to.
Thanking you. Mr. Editor, for the
space iu your paper, I remain,
Yours for Industrial freedom.
[This correspondent Is such a convincing debater that we regret he has
seen fit to introduce religion. This Is
something outside tlve argument and,
we would like all correspondents to
take note: Keep out personal and religious references and oblige.—Ed.]
Sealed tenders will be received by
the undersigned up to seven o'clock
p. m., Monday, April 13th. 1914. for
the purchase of tho present Annex
Sehool building, same to be removed
from Block 82 when requested toy Mie
Ferule Hoard of School TrUAtees.
Tenders to be marked "Tonders for
Annex School Building."
Further particulars niny toe hnd m*
npnllcat.lon to the Chairman of the
The highest or any tender not necessarily accented.
Fernlo. II. C. April let, WM.
X*.  un**  «me*   tor   €■»•*• !;dJSK?
Tenders are invited for permission
to sell refreshments in the City Park
on i.May 1st. Successful tenderer will
have exclusive right to sell refreshments, -excepting alcoholic beverages.
Only one tender will toe accapted.
All tenders must be in by April 16th
and should be marked with the .word
"Tender," and addressed to T, Uphill,
Secretary, Gladstone Local 182
Applications will too received by
tho unUertsJgned up to five o'clock p.
in.. Thursday, April ICth, WU, for the
position of City Cleric and Treasurer
of the City of Fernie.
Salary commencing $125.00 per
o. w. noss,
City Clerk.
Fernie, II, C, April 3rd, 1914.
Furniture for sale.-—Library table,
jardiniere stand, Limoges dinner set,
heating stove, window curtains. O.
\V. Hoss. City Hall.
Classified Ads.- Cent a Word
FOR SALE—Household Furniture;
range, heater, dining room suite,
Edison phonograph (with CO Indes-
tructaible records)-, library of "Universal History" (15 vols.), "Reference Library Commercial Law" (<5
vols.), "Reference Library Carmen
and Trainmen" complete with instructions; linoleum, carpet, etc. Apply 159 Pollatt Ave. 174
clety of Fernie will liold their annual ball on Easter Monday, Aiprll
i;kh. Admission, $2.00 a couplo; extra ladles. SO cents. 102
(•Oil SALE CHEAP-—*! roamed Postered House on half lot. Terms to
suit purchaser. Apply J. Beveridge,
"it Lindsay Ave. Also two roomed
Plastered House on half lot. Apply
J. Beveridge, 77 Lindsay Ave,   171
Fernie's Exclusive Picture Theatre
The  Ever-Populsr Florence Lswrence in ths most delightful romance yet allolcd her
A Girl And Her Money
2 nets. Florence Msltlsnd, an orphan wltH an Immense fortune, Is beeet by fortune hunters, but na
turatly wants to be loved tor her»elf alone, She conceives the idea of changing places with htr maid and
htr   AdusntwU  fcr.r.gt many h«nv;rc»* ar.d r$-r.«fitlc intidt-Mt.
9**90^S**^t*s*9*S9*t**i*ij9^+&^+i99*i A^v\^^^i^^^^^ -*VWVrfVV"rfVS**VS^/VSA*VV^'>'«^^^*^A^^^^>'V\AAA^
SPECIAL SATURDAY Matinee and Evening
Crate Cunard and Francli Pcrct In en exciting drama ef the Pari* Apaches
The Madonna of tlie Slums
- • »   ,,       ..J      .**     m, **f»l« I
9   ICO       kl.HliI*.       fc.#«l*., ,,<.**.«/      a*9.f99     ««■,««.     9,99..      ...    *..--.-     ........      .,...,*•.
■ *■<■*..   «..-..* ti.   -trr*, f*t>nrt -->•    rrt't. e„«*(H ,»/►■>♦» tw« em* ami haa Introduced incitement, emo-    |
tion, romance In eueh a manner that interest tent allowed to lag tor sven a moment,   eon p>**» ins
leading rote nt the Madonna nott mows fccrscif the artist tne really is.
On Monday
King, The Detective in the Jarvis Case
2 reeU*    Recluse plans own tfeath ta Incrt^nate innocent ysrl.   Novel   evidence;   wonderful  tuspenje
In  running crime  down,
^'iRTSnurWKCilAto Thursday, April 16
Oaniel   Frohman   preterits
4 reefs     '   *$*'^*!*n«|*f'i»»r-*« of Ihe underworld Hat'approaches tragedy i»Ml ends In romance.   An tn.
leretfie't t<; rfclnMicn et the r-.rdS:•*■**•■  .'fj-dtrts ar.tt tttttt-.^'i-  epfi.-.^c* ef tht  subject-    MftRY   r?CK
t'OP.G i'-. •>-<« ftadinfl role.
VOU SALB—Ono 9-year-old team of
*l!i|i|il«*> gmx' liorscs. 3100 wHirht.;
harness and wagon; a sacrifice for
$noo. Apply I). Mclntyre, Baynes
Ltike, n. C.
POIt 8ALK--Iloiiso containing four
rooms, clothes closet, toilet and
Mink; uric* $175.00. A|>|»;> C8 Mc
Pherson Ave. • 172
A tale of useful nnd fancy articles
and -candles will be held tn the school
room of thn Methodist Church on Sat-
iinluy. April lKtli, from three to uliio,
Tm will also bo served.
Mill IT TRAM KOlt BM.K, sultiiiiK*
for i-xiiress imrimses.   Apply LedK^
om™. nn
Own material used «nd atade-up ot
lowest possible prices. Children's
Hats and Clothing a specialty, Pan-
torlwn Tsllorg, over McLean's Drug
Store, Fornle, 11. C. 161
HOUSB VHM 8ALB—Fernie Annex;
Lot 'SI, Block 73; 3 rooma ami pantry, water and outhouses, Teresa,
jwirt co»ili, balance to milt purclin*-
nr. A;»ply T. Crltehl-py, Box 50S,
Fernie, B. C. 188
Might only Monday, April 13
75c, SOc, Se 25c
8UITB OF ROOMS for rent; llgbtl
and every convenience. Apply Secj
ond Hand Binm, Vlotorla Avenue, j
North. 16&I
HangFer Low
PKDUmuiC A1IIBDALE8--1 have a
few fine, thorough-hred pedigree
Airedale Pups and grown Dog for
sale; write at owe. W. Parnell, P.
O, Ferwle, B. C. 148
FOR 8AI.B—Splendid H. C. Rhode Is-
land Red Cockerels, I2.7& each; also R. C. Rhode Island Ergs for
hatching, 12.75 per setting, 12 chicks
guaranteed; laying records, can't I
be beat for tbls Western climate, j
Apply Jos, Stephenson, Box 61, Coleman. Ill I
A HNAP—One acre lot, half cleared
and    plow liml    Willi    flve-rooMMl!
house    (inside   unfinished),   good!
barn  nnd  -chicken  tiouh«»s  far  Siiin
chicken*.    Robt. Jones, West Fernie. 1«»
Ir'OU HALK—T}irfc«-rot>mt«4 ll(»u»M3 uwl
t.!.ii'i>«> |ni.g in Wi-Hl. I''i>nile. W,1. Apply Win. Atkinson. \Vo*t Pernio. IP*
■''.      'il.'    JKC thflt JlC     llffV'  "MV"     r>-,i-9t:4  X*ti,.\n    l»i-M»  I'-
I    Innd Red* nn<t White T.^erhnrn Ftres,
j   13 for 1.00; e#*« guawntced.   Andrew tloodwln. Bellevue. Iio
is openmg on   Saturday,
April 4th, a First Class
Ai 200, Vlotorla Avenue
Noodles ti, Chop Suey
Hang Fer Low is open to
purchase joung poultry for
'hi* restaurant, from those
1.....U., „.*..'.■-» far zA.c*
Bsrred Plymouth Rock and
9. C, White Leghorns, $US per
15 eg«s. Whits Wysndottes,
01.75 per 15 eggs.
CO. C. SMITH, Wardnsr, B. C.
C*rpeoUr,  Furniture   Repslrsr.
Ctc.   Saws Shsrptned.
Prices MedtrnU.
iAi* ncYtmm nth. *ro*mie, *». C
Foryour next Concrete Work
Any 8ize from 2 inch
to Sand
No Screening No Waste
In City Limits
• $1.60
- 1.75
• 2.00
• 2.50
- 2.00
Anncifil Prices on Larire Quantities
enient, Lime and Plaster for Sale
mt Ut Oo Your Ntxt Concrete Work
Excavating Dono st Reasonsblo Prices
l Crushsr
2 inch   •
1   "    -
Sand     •
P.O. Box 246 FERNIE, B. C.
A Ledger Ad. will do it


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