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The District Ledger Dec 27, 1913

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Array Industrial. Unity is Strength.
v%
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
,    -1
X  xf
Political Unity is Victory.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, DECEMBER 27, 1913.
$1.00 A YEAR
ALL   A   HAPPY NEW    YEAR
<\
FARRINGTON
ANO PRICE'S
REPORT
'Scranton, Pa., December 15, 1913.
Hon. Thomas W. Crothers, K. C,
, Minister of Labor for'-Canada,
Ottawa, Ontario.
Sir,—I have just been favored' with
a copy of tho official report 'filed with
your Department by Koya-1 Commissioner Samuel Price, who, I understand, waa .appointed in accordance
with an act of the Dominion Parliament to investigate Uie coal miners'
strike mow existant on Vancouver Island. Because' of my having had
charge of this strike from* its inception, I think I can .discuss the report
with a reasonable degree of assurance
that 1 know my subject; and as the
representative of the men Involved iii
the strike I feel that I have a license
to defend them against the injustice
done their cause by reason of the
Commissioner's manifest failure to reveal the truth. Therefore, in the absence of a personal meeting, I take
this means of communicating to you
the statement that the Royal Com-
, missfaner's report is neither an impartial nor a complete exposition of the
situation on the Island. Much of it is
composed of a quotation of an opinion
written by a former commissioner in
connection with the Island strike of
1903, and which opinion was virulent
in tone, unwarranted by the facts and
injurious to the miners of that time,
but entirely foreign to the present con-
vtfoversy; yet it .i3 now reproduced in
INJURIES TO A
MINER WERE FATAL
Austrian   ,Was  . Employed    Bringing
Bringing Loaded Coal,Cars to the
Tipple
At 4.30 Tuesday afternoon, Arthur
Lotina,a ged 20, a driver al number 6
shaft of the Gait Collieries, received
injuries while working in the mine
which proved, fatal, the unfortunate
miner succumbing an hour later, just
as he .had reached the hospital.
Lotiha was working in the main entry and was ready to bring his loaded
train of cars to the tipple. A man
named Willets was working in a
branch entry, and had received the signal from Kosneak, the trapper at the
Junction, that he had the right of way
over Lotina. Ho had started his cars
toward the tipple, but Lotlna's light
was seen coming down the main entry,
contrary! to the signal given by the
trapper. The grade on the main track
is steep, and sprags are used to brake
the cars. ' Evidently Lotina had lost
control of his cars, and Willets, seeing
this, endeavored to give him the right
of way, so that a collision might be
averted. He cut his horse loose and
told Lotina to jump from the car. But
the victim was doing his best to save
his own horse, hot realizing the danger to himself. The horses were cut
loose, but It was too late for Lotina to
jump, and by this time the cars had
gained considerable speed, Willets'
forward car just ibutted over" the main
track, and Lotina was caught between
this car and tbe bumper of his own
car, being dreadfully crushed. It was
found later that he had neglected to
place the sprags o n the wheels of his
car, they being found on top of the
car. He had been given the signal
to stop, but could' no.^ do so on account of the lack of brakes.
•Deceased was an Austrian, and has
no other relatives here except a cousin. The funeral took place on Friday when the mines were idle.
Election of District Officers
DISASTROUS PANIC
AT CALUMET.MICH,
§
CONCERT ENTERTAINMENT
To be Held irt the Methodist Church
on the Evening of December 30,
Starting Promptly at 8 o'clock
The program is especially arranged
for the edification of the mothers and
children attending the dinner thc
same afternoon, who are cordially in-
vlfed to bring their friends with them,
Uev. D. AI. Perley will preside over
the entertainment. The following
named well known residents of .the
city have consented, to1 make short
addresses appropriate to the occasion:
-Mr. H. .Martin, Air, Thos. Uphill, Mr.
Joseph Sutton, .Mr. H. Wilkes, Dr. Bonnell.
Miss Ruth Wilson, assisted by her
brother, will render a selection bf
songs and musical pieces on the electrical grafonola. The program will
consist of over 20 selections. The
concert' will commence promptly at 8
o'clock 'on the evening of the 30th. No
admission charges.
Widows desiring to participate in
above treat are requested to given in
their names to the. secretary of Miners' Union (T. Uphill) as soon as possible.
J. E. Smith
SUMMARY OF TELLERS' REPORT
^ComlmssToner, Price's report, evidently to deceive the public and injure the
men engaged' in the existant strike.
Moreover, as a Congressional guide
the report is misleading, and worthless as an historical document, for the
reason that the Commissioner has given font scant consideration to the miners' side of the dispute, while he has
overstepped propriety to find justification for the Iniquitous attitude,, of
the mine owners. Ele has given credence to rumor when rumor was dam-
agalng to the miners' union, and excused the evil practices of the mine
ownera in the face of tangible proof
of their guilt.
To those who aro familiar with con-'
ditions on the Island it Is clear that
the Royal Commissioner has predicated his report upon the unsupported
statements of tho mino owners and
their satellites;  and,- on  the other
hand, denled.tbo union men the opportunity of appearing before him in de*
fense of thoir position or to rotuto tho
.untrue -statements ,of these  hostile
agents. In ylew bf my prominent connection wttb this troublo I should bo
expected to havo much valuable matter to .contribute to tho investigation,
and J havo, yot I was given no opportunity to prosont it to tho Commissioner,  In fact, I nover mot htm but
onco, and thon only informally, during my brief conference with you In
Vancouvor City tho first wook In July.
1 do not mention this beennao I fool
slighted, but because it shows tho
ComrolMlonor was not anxious to lmvo
facts. Furthermore, I have mndo careful Inquiry of tho DlBtrlct nnd Local
officers connected with the strike, nnd
many Individuals of Influenco and activity among tho strikers, all of whom
unlto In doctoring thoy did not hnvo
tho prJvllogo of appearing bofore tho
Commissioner,  and   none  of   whom
unlto in declaring thoy, did not havo
tho prlvllogo of appearing boforo tlio
'Commissioner, and  nono  of whom
woro ovon nwaro of hl» visit to tho
Islnnd;  which further Indicates his
■iloBlro'to cscapo" rather Minn to find
iho truth,
Couplo his transgrosslon In this respect with hl» transparent disposition
to favor tho mino ownors iuul hia apparent -willingness to nocopt nnd In-
oludo In hli. roport everything no
mattor how flimsy, that reflects discredit upon tho United Mine Workors
of America, and you must agree the
Itoynl CommlBBlonor'a report la destitute of Justice,to tho striking minors.
Tho miners havo i>eon insistent In
theirclaims tliat the,Canadian Collieries Company nro omploylrig Orientals,
' !:.  \',A...'.AU vi An itiriiuftui Mtiiiitii
T.nwfl, in break! the fltrlkc.   The" Com-
mlBBloner has concealed tho truo condition* In itifs respect by making Ir-
relevant comparisons and by falling
io glvo an occbunt of, tho number of
Orlontale omployod during the two
A,.u wMpik'-tM jfioiiWi* wiervonlng bp-
tween tbo last day of May and Uie
date of hl» report, However, accept''
Ing hia figures ns a ba»tfl for com*
putatlon, wo find tlmt of nil the men
employed in nil the coast mines dur*
Ing 1912 loss than 20 per cent wero
Orfcn tale, and that of the men employed under ground by tho Canadian Col*
llerle» fompony eight anil ouuluilf
montliB nfter our men wero locked out,
or Jn May, 1913, the ration of Orientals
was moro than C2 por cent And had
the Commlflsloner considered the ad'
dltionnl numbor omployod during June
(Continued on Pago Two)
Parents Crush Babes—Celebration
Was for Children of Striking Copper
Miners by Western Federation Wo-
— men;™ "     .
CALUMET, ,AIich„ Dec. &4.—Four
score persons, mostly children, were
killed tonight at a Christmas celebration held by copper mine strikers In
Italian „ hall because of a needless
panic caused by a false alara rof ,fire.
While several hundred miners and"
their wives looked, on and scores of
children pressed eagerly toward the
stage to receive Christmas present, a
man stuck his head in at the door of
the hall and yelled "FireI"    ,
The cry was taken up at once 'by
those in the hall. Every one started
for the doors. The weaicor persons
were thrown t'o the floors and those
behind tried to climb over the human
barrier.
In a few, minutes tho panic was stopped by. the fact that tho stairway and
the other avenues ot egress were
blocked so effectually that those within could not get out and those without
could, not get in to aid the maimed
and remove the dead,
Festival Btcdmet Tragedy
The alarm wns spread outside tho
hall by a few persons who had beon
near the door and escaped unhurt, A
crowd, soon assembled and the worlc Ot
clearing was begun.
Tho only regular exit wub a stair-
wny at tho back of the hall, Whon
this had been cloarcd of tho bodies
that filled lt to tho top and a quick
accounting had boon made, it was
found thnt 74 corpsos hud boen piled
up (besides the hallb ulldlng. It was
belloved that probably n dozen more
had been carried1 away by frlonds,
The doart Included !17 girls, 10 boys,
13 women and flvo mon, Tho oxcltod
relatives stood nbout tho building,
soino dazed by tho sudden chnngo from
holiday festivities to tragedy, others
calling hysterically for a missing child
arid a few oven threatening violence
to the roHcuors forcing them back
from the long row of bodies. '
Event Long Anticipated
For rnnnyi days tho .children of the
coppor mine stridors had waited anxiously for the free Christmas.* troo exercises thnt hnd beon arranged by the
woman's auxiliary of tho Western Pod-
oration of -Minors, The entertainment
wns sot for tho early evening nnd the
hall, wliich' li on tho bocoikI floor, wiih
soon filled to tho -limit
Wm. Graham
Fop President
jr E. SMITH
(Accla.ma.tion)
Fop Vice-President
W. GRAHAM
(Acclamation)
For Secretary-Treas:
8ub District No. 1
W, L PHILLIP8  BJ4
W. BALDER8T0NE   536
Sub District No, 2
W. HAY80M   515
J. BURKE  485
G. POUNDER   430
A. J. CARTER
D. H. HYSLOP
T. FRANCE
-2031
- 1192
- 1110
POCAHONTAS MINERS PROTEST
At a public meeting of the citizens of
Pocahontas, held on Sunday, November 30, 1913, it was proposed, seconded
supported and carried unanimously
that Messrs. MoBride, Bowser, Borden and Dogerty be written and informed—
. "That, the citizens of Pocahontas
strongly protest against the persecution of people on strike on Vancouver
Island and that steps be taken by
these "officials to end the strike at
once;.and that the strikers in prison
be released at once.
(Signed*
T. W. O, BROADBENT
.T. CHAMBERS,
E. X. FISHER,
Committee appointed, by the
aforesaid meeting
RELEASE MAN
AND CURSE
DOCTORS
DEATH
—In-VrmWUvefTBrC., on Dec. 13, 'Margaret, wife bf "Win. Talbot, late of
.Michel,' B. C.j and daughter of Jas.
Harmlson, Badlington, ■ Northumberland, In child-bed. The funeral took
place on Tuesday, Dec, 16, and was attended by friends and relatives and
members of Local Vancouver No. 1.
S. P. of C.
OUR CONCERT
For International Board
Board Member
D. REES
(Acclamation)
D. Rees
Sub District No. 3
J. LAR8EN   453
A, McROBERTS   410
Sub District No, 4
T. NOILE8   414
J. NOBLICK     174
-slJaiEISJiM
8ENQHENVVDD DISASTER FUND
Tho vWolo Voice Party recently organized for tho purpoBo of -raining' a
fund for tho dependents of the Swig-
henydd disaster, will havo their first
prrtoMiv*.''nf 1 n.rn. ••'.<. !\'r;\ 2ui.d«>, l)*,*..
28th, "1013 at the homo of Mr. Tom
lliggs, MoFherson Avenue. All member* and intending member* nro -cour-
teouily repeated to bo punctual In
attending practices,—!. BIGGS, Conductor.
THE CHILDREN'S ANNUAL
m
Tho children of Fornlo will receive
their annual treat at tho hands or
tho TMton-Wbod Co, on Now Venr'H
morning, when thousand* of bags of
candle* wid bo dfstrllmfwf to all thoso
who prosont themselves at the moro
thy 11 a,tn. Do not moi ihi*ro ton utirly,
as you may have to wall in tlio coR
but ho on time,      " *■  '  <t
Mr. and Mrs. M. R, Kennedy, of tho
Trltei-Wood Co., loavo for Spokane on
Sunday, where thoy are *»*jing o-rcr
the New Yoar.
Last Monday's cqneert, while not a
success when regarded from an attendance viewpoint, as a demonstration of vocal and musical talent was
a revelation to many. To the Coal
Creek Amateur Dramatic Society belongs tho bulk of credit for the evening's entertainment; while Fornle and
Hosmer also supplied their quota, little 'Miss Elsie Robson, of the latter
town, being exceptionally good. Although but cloven years old, her awoet
soprano voice rang out clear and
sweet, while hor quaint Interpretation
of tho Gaelic accent created much
amusement.
Too much ennnot be said in praise
of the Conl Crook party, and It Ib to
bo rcgrotted that thoy woro not encouraged by a larger audience. Among
those who contributed wore the follow-
Ing time-honored favorites: J. MoMII-
Ian, Mm Percy, \V. II. Puckey, R. Bills,
borough, J. T. Puckoy, Miss Isabel
Mann, G. FlnlnyHon, D, F. Mnrklniul,
R. Sampson, T. IJlggH, FornJo-Conl
Croolc Excelsior Band rendered hov-
•oral selections very creditably,
,.J. W. Bennett distributed tho prlzos,
interspersing his romnrks with IiIh
usual humorous nnd Jocular romnrks,
whilo -Dttvo.HocH, International Bonrd
.Member for Dlatrlel IK, noted hu chairman nml addressed the meeting nt
the opening of tlm concert,
MIhh .Macleod mxl .MIhh Lily left ou
Wednesday for tlm former's homo In
XelHon, Thoy will return lo Fernlo for
Sow Vear'* Day.
Slmtlng Im now in full wing m. tne
rink nnd it largo number of Hkiilcrs
turn ont every night to enjoy the lee,
which Ih now In great condition.
Wi* huvii not yet noticed ft plethora
or hockey matches, hut premium tlint
thoy will hn put on tht' tiipltv hoiiio
tinto nftor tho hciison N over. And
Fornle Iiiih tho ninklngH of n real »;ood
ten in,
A number of Fertile people Intend to
diko In the ti'iiliimen'H bull at c.nui-
brook on Saw Yeiir'n eve. This function Iiiih the reputation of being the
von. •>.• ■■• t... '{••    '*.   ,   ...
Mr, H, Hlmtnonds, evangelic, from
LetlibridKu. will prearh ln tho Ollvot
Baptist Church next timidity at 11 n.
in. ami 7 p.m. This being the laxt
Sunday of tlm year, tlw mirvlee« nre
'.....,„ ui.v.v va,n i i.i l l,V  IHU'IrxtlllK Itlui
a cordial invitation to utn-ml Im extended to ull.
A. J. Carter
far^asi^:;^^
Next week promlne? it, ]„* ; ininy
one nt (ho■-Methodta Church. The
ClirlstmnH tree nnd dill.lren'M enter-
ialtimciu uii .Mi.,,.'i.h .--.Hniir. iumI tlie
mlnera' dinner on. Tuewlny with frert
VtciroV.i prOKi'.iin :*--"o,*.;..*>. v»lll Imili
l-iou; popular event*, Then on Weil-
ne-trlay, tlie Slut, the young ix-ople will
lime rt Xew Year'n Kve nodal.   After
TIILN'IDAD, Colo., Dec 20.—Mike
Lavoda, organizer, and Tom I'arreti,
union headquarters doorkeeper, were
released. Tuesday by the State troops
after an examination before "Czar"
Chase's military commission. They
were arrested as they were returning
to Trinidad from Ludlow in an automobile last Friday,and have been held
in the county jail without warrant of
law.
It developed Tuesday, when the two
men told of their hearing, that military authorities, tbought they would
catch Ed. Doyle, secretary of the Colorado United Mine Workers, when they
stopped the automobile In which Lavoda and Parrett were riding. Doyle.,
had just been released, on order of
the governor, from the city jail, 'ind
General -Chase already had made
plans to rearrest, him, but Doyle was
on his way to Denver.
Parrett was released after a" short
examination, l)ut Lavoda was grilled
by„the seven militia officers composing the \ military commission and
Judge Advocate Bough ton for five
hours.
Uhlich Well Read
''They asked me everything about
myself from the day I was born," said
Lavoda -Wednesday.   "I couldn't tell
them anything they wanted to know,
so they let me go.   You know, when
a  fellow   is  fighting for something '
good "he-doesn't,.mind, even  'f they
send him to jail.   That is how I felt
when I was in that dark, stuffy cell,-
and I was so happy I just kept singing union songs all the time."
—RoffeFt,   OlTlicli,   president   of    Uie
Trinidad local, is stili held in t.he city -,,
jail.    Tuesday   the" military officers.'
decided to let him have some books
from his library,to read.
They.were surprised when the man
whom they have 'branded as. an, anarchist) and whom they havo tried to
connect with a murder plot, asked for
such books as "Pickwick Papers,"
"The Three Musk-eteors," and "Les
ailserables."
Soldier Insults Doctors
Trinidad citizens and busities-s men
were indignant Wednesday over insults offered by a militiaman near
Segundo to Dr. Chisholm and Dr. V.
ClausI, who were on their way to visit
a patient Tuosday. Tho soldier ordered tho two Trinidad physicians to
stop, and when their car skidded on
tho snowy road, cursed thorn foully.
Dr. Chisholm remonstrated and wnt»
greeted by a now volley of oatfliB.
Tho two doctors reported tho matter to General Ohasc, In Trinidad,
Tuesday nftornoon.
"It's you «o-callod 'good citizens'
who are glylng mo moro troublo than
all tho foreign Btrlkoro," Chase Ib Bald
to hftvo told them, although ho proin-
IbwI to InvoBtignto tliolr complaint.
A heavy snow, which TiogaT^falHiyr
nt 2 p.m. Tuosday and which continued all night, caused a groat deal of
discomfort to strikers In (he various
tent cblonloo, AU tho union monj how- ,
over, havo boon plentifully mipp'Hed
with coal, and thoir teats aro floored
and bankotl, ho that thoy will not «uf-
for ovon from Intonno cold. '
At tho mllltla camps, whoro tho
Stato Boldlowi have boon sleeping on
Htrnw bodw mndo on tho ground, thoro
Ih more mil suffering than in Hie
strikers' colotiloB.
Strike lenders hero tool lew Genera!
Glume put liliriHolf In a hole Tuomlny
when hn doclnrod (hut If Mother Jones
comes lo Trinidad hIio will be Jailed.
With the hkinI ntignl of the coal
miner* In Jnll, they deelaro, the Btrlke
will he nh good uh won ImoiiiiHtt of
the InnueiiHi! weight of tho public
Hy input hey which will lie iiroiwil for
her nnd for Ihelr eiiune.
On  Hie other Iniiul. If ChiiHe doen
net arrt'Ht her he will be In the poul-
Men of having liin bluff i-nUnd,
Double Pay for Guards
Former mire piards wlio Imve
Jo tied ilit« Slate mllltla tiro sitlll drawing l*.i.,\ frixu the etml operator*, although they wiiXti natlonnl gunrd mil-
forttiH, It wiih openly charged here
Wednesday. Peter und Arthur Swot-
xel, Colorado Find and Iron Company
mine guard*, are wild to hnvo bonnted
'.   T.;..M«.i <i.<-.. 11-j.ikn iuewlny that
thev have  hitnetl  !lw   luiiillu M,.| chut.
they nre new receiving JS.nO a day
fftun the compnny In addition to thn
money p.tni by the Stato. All other
guardM who hitve Hiiccowled In «nll»(-
Ing nlHo are drawing two wnce* 'tiw
...'-. .MivKfti -jo u*tve Hiiid.
Folly Mexican mrlko breaker*, taken to dray Creek Tuowday by a ml'i-
tury guard, uro report nl to havo rebelled ngali'mt going io work In tho
mine*. Hevernl of the MoxlJiin* enmo
back to Trinidad Wodnomtny nnd MM
ui.loi, men mat nil their companion*
ur»» nnxloiiH to get away frohi Clrnr
Crccl..
MARRIAGE
thin, .it 11 p.m.. th-re will be ;» union i    A quiet wedding' wm ftolemulttd on
ftiitch night ui'ivlce in which llaptlut, jc!n-|>tma» ^o by th« Uvv, U, M, per-
lev. ,ia*!„r ot MfithoiUa CUuri.l». \»t*
I'ri.-fthHerftu and Methodic rongrejM-
!..;..» Will iuiii luiu-i Hi Hie  Mel-ft-TOtt*'
Church,
ce.yrnctlng partly bring Mr. Walter
Hill und MWi-Jmlly Atkinson. I l££&X&St&&^Vttei&-ttjX-f-r.
,.iw
ttSX,%&&S4R3Bt»*,rt*toi.^4u.ts,
f •-'
Mt—ftAaj-aa-l, k-mM ml,
• v '-■*:■ »">' ■■
A
**■»•••■'\
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, FERNIE,  B.C., DECEMBER 27, 1913.
The   Dangers  of
Indigestion
.You simply can't be w&U—that is,
really well—if your digestion is bad,
for your very -food may poison you
unless it is digested. That is why indigestion (imperfect digestion) is the
r<Jot cause of nearly all' our minor
ailments and of many serious ones too.
Food should .nourish your body, and
make good the daily" waste which never
"stops, but it can't do that unless your
stomach digests it. No wonder dyspeptic men and ■ women* are always weak
and ailing—they're starved and often
poisoned too. Starved, mind you, not
lor lack of food, but, because they
don't digest the food they eat. Poisoned, .not by eating bad food, but because
tn<-.A stomachs are weak and their
-bowels inactive, and so t^jrpod they
eat -ferments and gives off poisonous
gases which are carried by the bjooa
stream to every part of the -body. It
m because Mother Seigel's Cura
Syrup possesses  in a remarkable de-
Farrington Scores
Price's Report
(Continued Jrom Page One) , -V.
on?a..~ --. , .   .
—that it is still, after forty years testing, tho best known and most successful remedy for indigestion, constipation,
l.lllousness and the many distresses
ailments which" are traceable to a weai-s
or disordered condition of these important .organs. Success breeds imitators, and 'there are many so-called
substitutes for Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, but none of tbem contain
the combination of more than ten
herbal extracts upon which the restorative and curative value of Mother
Seigel's. Curative Syrup depends. it
you suffer frcm indigestion, and wish,
to give Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup
a trial, be sure you, set the genuine
•article.
Price ?1.00,   .Trial size 50c.
..- For.sale by,. H/k-  -: , : ■.
1 McLEAN'DRUG AND BOOK CO.
'   '" •"'    'FERNIE, B. C. '
and July,< and up to August 14, the
date of his report, the ratio would be
greater than that. Yet the Commissioner says:,     .   ,
"Statements made as to the wholesale granting of miners' certificates
to Orientals, who are said not to be
properly qualified, are .also, I find
upon careful inquiry, not correct. According to figures obtained from the
Department of Mines, only thirty-six
new miners' certificates :were granted
to Orientals from the commencement
of the trouble down to the time of the
Curative j inquiry, and the examination for these
was conducted in the usual way according to the requirements bf the
law, and  the certificates' were  only
GOOD NEWS FOR THE
GIRL WITH UGLY HAIR
strange men. and the safety 'of the
mines impaired because of a lack of
experienced attention.' Naw, don't forget that-for the first eight and one-
h'alf months of 1912 these mines had
the advantage of- being worked with
practical-men; every men employed
was an experienced man, and when
they ceased work the mines were as
safe as human hands could make
them. So when the, inexperienced
men were first employed they had the
benefit of the .safety prbvided iby the
experienced men to begin with. Still
within, a lapse of three and'one-half
months the fatalities among them had
increased 200 per .cent.
■With this as a basis to work, from
granted after the examiners, including you may ,be able to judge the magni-
Don't mourn over it!.- Don't envy
others because they havo beautiful
hair. .Begin right now to give proper,
intelligent care and attention to your
hair—and then let others envy you.
Use Harmony Hair.Beautifier, a delightful liquid hair dressing that is
just what it is named—a hair beauti-
fier.
* To make the hair glossy, soft ana*
silky—to make it easier to put up in
smooth) wavy folds, ami "stay put"—
to restore to your hair the well-groomed appearance you want it to have—
to overcome the unpleasant, oily odor
of the hair and-leave instead a delightfully dainty, fresh rose  fragrance—
Harmony Hair Beautitier will please
you, or your money back... Very easy,
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your hair each time before brushing
it.   Contains no'oil; will not change
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hair."
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aiid   clean,   use  Harmony   Shampoo^'
This pure liquid shampoo gives a rich
lather that immediately penetrates .to
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'" Washed oft as quickly, the entire operation  takes  ouly a few moments.
Can't harm the hair; leaves no harshness or stickiness—just a sweet clean-
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Both preparations come in odd-simp-
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sprinkler tops.   Harmony Hair Beauti-
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,   Rexall Store—ono of more than 7,000
loading  drug  stores  of  the  United
States,   Canada  nnd   Great   Britain,
which own tho big Harmony laboratories,   Toronto,   where ,tho   celebrated
Harmony Perfumos and Toilet Preparations aro made.—N. E, Suddaby, Victoria Avenue, Fornle, B. C.
the Chief Inspector of -Miners, were
satisfied that the Orientals were (Qualified and entitled to receive them," ,
It is a matter of common knowledge
among the strikers that the men employed as strike breakers In the Cumberland mines of the Canadian Collieries Company are being wantonly
maimed and killed because of their
inexperience and a lack of knowledge
as to how to protect themselves
against the dangers of mining. In this
connection the Commissioner says:
"The allegations made as to unsafe-
ty of some of the mines are at least
grossly exaggerated. The statement
that the percentage of fatal accidents
at the mines "of the Canadian Collieries Company had increased over 200
per cent from 1011 to-1912, while correct, arises from the fact thaMn 1911
these mines had an abnormally low
percentage of fatal accidents, only .94
per 1,000, while that of the Province
was 2.S2 per 1,000. ln 1912.this company, though showing, as alleged, a
great increase over 1911, was still very
low, and little over half tlfht for the'
Province, the'exact figures being 8.12
per 1.000, while that for thc "Province
as, a whole was 3.92. The official returns show that at the Extension collieries' there had been no fatal accidents either in 191Uor 1912."
While admitting an increase of 200
per cent in fatalities during 1912, in
thtt mines mentioned, he attempts to
justify this sacrifice of human life by
saying other companies have killed
more, ancl points out that no fatalities
occurred in the Extension mines of
the same company either in 1911 or
1912; but he neglects to explain why
none' occurred in these mines. The
explanation is a simple one. During-
1911 and up to the middle of September, 1912, the "Extension mines were
operated by experienced men, and
from the middle of September to th'e
end oE 1912 they were idle, because
the company could not recruit enough
Chinamen   and   other, inexperienced
displayed by his haVing given space
in his report to' the following:
"Some persons express the opinion
that the officials of- the United Mine
Workers'" organization'are in the pSy
of the mine owners of Washington
State, or are, at all events, acting in
the interest of the people and men
there who are .profiting by the tie-up
in Vancouver Island."
The above canard was manufactured
and circulated by the mine owners at
the beginning^ the strike for the purpose-of stampeding'the men; but it
was so conyincingly exposed at the
outset that no.one of intelligence gave
it credence. Even the mine owners
found it to be a useless expedient and
abandoned its use long ago. And had
the .Commissioner' been actuated by
honest m'otives "some .persons' opinion" would - not have sufficed, be
would have demanded sufficient proof
before giving space to such malicious
twaddle. Although abounding with
untruths, prejudice and deception, and
devoid of virility and virtue, the most
contemptible feature pf it all is that
the Commissioner allowed his report
vaga'Donas-to"~operate"_tne~mines—at"
both Cumberland and Extension,' so
.they herded them all into the Cumberland mines and slaughtered them
there; which .fact al3o accounts for
the 200 per cent increase in the fatalities occurring in the Cumberland
.mines during 1912. But what of tlie
fatalities occurring In the same mines
of this company during 1913? Almost eight months, of this year had
passed when the 'Commissioner's report was rendered, yet though dealing
with fatalities, he ignored completely
those occurring in that period. Why,?
At the end of 1912 the Cumberland
mines ihad been closed to their former
skilled employes only 'three and one-
half months, and the list' of fatalities
augmented 200 per cont. When tlio
Commissioner's roport was ,renderort
tho former employes had beon excluded for eleven months. Tho number
of inexperienced men employed had
been inerensed, discipline demoralized
by the constant coining and going of
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ISCTEgBg-Mill^^
tude of the fatalities-occurring under
the less favorable conditions of the
succeeding months not mentioned in
the report. Certainly they must have
been appalling, yet the Commissioner
leaves us to speculate as to their number and" goes around the corner to applaud the company. You will notice
the .Commissibnor declares: "The allegations made as to the unsafety of
some of the mines^are- at least grossly
exaggerated." The above declaration
is an evasion of the truth; the strikers
have mado no such allegations. . On
the contrary, we .acknowledge that
when experienced men are employed
the mines are as safe as ever. What
we do allege is that the mines are
veritable death traps for- the type of
men now "employed; and that these
unfortunate wretches are being mercilessly murdered in order to defeat
the ends of justice and to satisfy the
inhuman greed Wf the mine owners,
In dealing with the wage question
the Commissioner says:
".The miners w>ho perform what'may
be described as the more skilled part
of the work ordinarily earn good
wages, getting from $3.30 up to ?5 and
$6 and even as high as $7 and ?7.50"
per day, according to the' amount of
coal they produce., Ko exact" figures
as to the average are available for all
the mines, but the m'anagers of the
Canadian Collieries Company give the
average for all men -working at the
face, during the five months preceding
the trouble, as $3.99Vi-, The Western
Fuel Company give the average they
were paying miners as $4.86,' and the
company miners got $3.30. The manager of the Jingle Pot gives the .average pay for his miners, during the
month preceding the strike, as $5.05 Ms'
per man. The helpers, drivers and
pushers and other laborers get much
less, running from $2.80 or less tip to
$3.00 or $3.50."
The above, along with the other
features of the report, force one to
lie-lie-ve.thaLwh.enJiandleiLby_the,mine,
owners the Royal Commissioner wa?
as docile and confiding as a well be
haved family cow. ' He states: "Nc
exact figures as to the average rate
are available .for all the mines, but the
manages told him so and .so." Would
he have us *belieV& those companies
keep no books? If they do not would
the managers be in a position to furnish the averages quoted? And if they
do, why did he not go to the books
instead of to the managers to learn
tho facts 'before assuming to speak intelligently and authoritatively on the
question?
This phase of the report is given
added absurdity by, the .fact that Instead of going to the miners for- their
views as to the wages they earn he
quotes tho ■ Mayor ot Nanaimo to
strengthen the claims of tho mine
managers,   A quotation follows:
"Outside oplnlonsgenerally seem to
regard tho action of the union, especially at Nanaimo, as nelng'unwarranted. iTH-o mayor ot tho city, ln giving evidence before tho Labor Commission boforo any trouble had taken
place ln Nanaimo, described the conditions thorn In respect to the enrnings
of tlio miners aj» bolng exceedngly
good, and said ho thought the relationship, between tho employers and tho
men was very satisfactory."
A number of Nanaimo miners, ns
woll as tho .Mayor, tostltldd boforo tho
Labor Commission referred to in the
quotation. . They told or low wages,
blacklists, discrimination, disobedience ot laws, robbory and othor In-
JuhUcgb suffered by tho mbn, but thoir
testimony fallod to wipply tho Com-,
miRHloner'H wants. What was npoded
viia something t'o indicate the men
woro earning Hulmtnntial wages, ho
tlio testimony or tlio men was Ignored
and that of tho Mayor wns Incorporated In tho Commissioner's roport, Tho
fact that the Mayor had novor worked
In the minus a single dny In all his life
iuul wns not In u position to furnish
first linntl, rollnblo Information as to
tho conditions under which tho mon
work-nil or tlio wages thoy onrnotl dons
not Moom to hnvo mndo any dlfforonce,
Thn Mayor hud something that Iuul n
tmnluncy lo verify tho malingers' iim-
scrtloiiH Hint tho men wuru receiving
good wiigcs, und that wns sufficient
to mnkf bin toMtlmony worthy of mention lu tho rnp'ort,
And, as If to overwhelm the skeptical with tho abundance of his proof,
the ComminHlonor again quotes the
iiiaiingurs, as follows:
"Tho managers also say that tho
wngos thoy aro paying nro high hnd,
with one or two uinuii uxcuptiuiib, un
i,ti.ji. ,-..s iluj-ic l:i Alty faJJJ;..*., .'ji.:.] Ui:il
tlm conditiona In Vancouver Inland In
othor reapocti nro bolter than In other
places, and especially Hint, ob compared with tins Unltod States, tho hours
of lnhor nr* very -considerably shorter."
Thus Is this important question disposed of to tho sntlsfnetlon or 'tho
Commissioner, with thn Introduction
only of the biased oral declarations of
the HoutonanU of the mino owners
nnd Mm Incompetont testimony of tho
Mayor of „Natialmo. This injustice to
tho mrn could bo oxcusod by attributing It to tho t'ommlsslonor's gullibility and incapability, were It not that
hU lack nf bite rallbre. dignity and (if-
cent?)", his nnlmnnlty for th« striker*
and hl» obvions do*lre to create pub-
lir antagonism agaln«* their union ar<*>
to be used by the mine owners as a
medium to malign the miners and
their union, and without endeavoring
to learn the truth gave circulation to
the following:
"Coming to what I am satisfied has
always from the commencement of the
trouble been the crucial point at issuo,
the managers say their companies are
determined not to recognize or deal
with the United 'Mine Workers' Union
or its, officials. Various reasons are
given for this determination, among
them that it is controlled by foreign
Socialists and agitator? who-care nothing for the interests of the people of
this country. They claim that the
United -Mane Workers have been trouble niakers m other places, and some
go so far as >'to assert that the leaders
are merely in it for the money they
make and that, they have to be bribed
in order t'o get along with the'union at
all."    ' < .
As for our being' trouble makers, if
to slacken the fetters of oppression^
raise wagos, improve working conditions, shorten, the hours of toll, elevate the standard of living, protect
the weak against the injustice of the-
strong, defend right against wrong,
educate the young and relieve the distress of the old, teach" sobriety aiid
clean living and to bring a greater
measure of -hope, happiness and comfort to the homes of our people means
we are trouble makers, then we plead
guilty to the count. As for our being
agitators, <we plead guilty to that; the
person wlio is not is a dead weight
on the rest of humanity.
As for the organization being controlled by Socialists, we deny the-allegation. Though we have some enthusiasts—and they are not all foreign
to Vancouver Island—who force, the
trade union movement to suffer because of their political zeal, a sifting
or our official .personnel will demon-
,..**,, ... , \ -i *„-..
strate.that-'we" are not -controlled by
Socialists; and, aa .examination' of outlaws, policies [and-'practices\would
have revealed Co the- Commissioner
that the Unit-ed.Mlne;. Workers of /America is nonpolitical in'every, respect.
But in this,', like everything else, he.
ohose to quote biased opinions rather
than search for the truth.-. So far as
the leaders are concerned, their integrity and sincerity will compare favorably with that'of theCo'minis'sioner
or his informants,'and he or-they are
challenged to prove the" contrary*; As
to the general • statement,. it has no
value because it 'has' no proofcv Yes,' It
has a value, too. Improves the Commissioner's disposition £0 discredit our
union, and that bo has stultified his
dignity and degraded himself to the
level of a vicious traducer by giving
circulation to a lot of rant which he
cannot show has any * foundation in-
fact. . ,      '    '  '    '
.By the iway, I observe the Commissioner , omitted mentioning the ■ fact
that the Western Fuel Company are
now defendants in court down San
Francisco way, charged with, swindling
the United States government out of a
hllf million dollars! However, tliat is
a matter of fact, and facts are not
important to the Commissioner! This
does not reflect any discredit on the
United Mine Workers of America, so
I suppose .the Commissioner did not
think it worth while!
Now 1 am going to conclude by "saying that the Vancouver Island miners
have been the victims of many indignities aiid -much abuse. The conditions
there have been grossly misrepresented, and to their detriment. They have
suSfered from governmental tyranny to
an extent that'w'ould not be tolerated
in the United States, Great Britain or
any of- the European countries; and
there is a steadily growing suspicion
among the workers that the Provincial
feovernment^ms determined.to .defend
the employers of the Province, no matter what their international alignments are, and regardless of what
their treatment of their workmen may
be, and at the same time use all the
powers of, government to prevent the
growth of international unionism.
, IMy observations have,convinced me
that'there are strong reasons for this
'suspicion, and there is a likelihood
that the Royal Commissioner's'report
will bring your Department within the
pale of that suspicion. Now, let me
add that the .miners of Vancouver Island are of a high standard, of intelligence. ' They appreciate the value of
international unionism and are ,not
deceived by all this bigoted twaddle
about/'outside interference hy foreign
agitators," and will not give up their
right to ajffiliate with the United Mino
Workers of America, and the sooner
the employers and the government understand this and honestly meet the inevitable the sooner the strike will be
settled.
Yours very truly,
FRANK FARRINGTON.
■a»
HEW-ZEALAKD^S-
LABOR MOVEMENT
By P. H. Hickey
Secretary-Treasurer of, the' New Zealand Federation of Labor
It 1^ now many years since New
Zealand first attracted the attention
of the social student and reformer
through her experimental legislation.
Time, the great teacher, has demonstrated that despite the expectations
to the contrary, the condition of the
Now Zealand proletariat is not a whit
bettor economically than that of the
workors elsewhere.,
The trust is everywhere; Its. tentacles grasp everything worth taking.
Land monopoly flourishes, with its
natural corollary of slum.areas and
all that that connotes., Unprejudiced
observers must admit that so far as
the Now Zealand proletarian is concerned, he is confronted by tho name
forces as aro ln operation the world
over. It may bo that this fact has
boon responsible for his remarkable
awakening, tflo has ibeen fed on Arbitration Courts, which legalize senb-
bory; lulled to sleep by Land*for Settlement Acta, which didn't settle tho
land; fascinated by pictures of Workman's Dwolllng Acts, which havo not
Interfered In tho slightest with tho
slum landlord or reduced rents ono
cont. Jn short, ovory conceivable variety of legislation likely to cheek
temporarily tho growing doslro for
tho fullest economic froodom Iiob boon
rinz/.lliigly displayed, and still ho Is
unsatisfied.
Of all thn acts paused, probably tho
only ones granting nny monsuru of
relief <to tho working class nro tho Fiic-
Wry Acts, MIhob Act, (ho Workors'
Compensation Act, tho Old Ago Pension Act uiul tlm Widows' and Or-
.plums' Pension Act, Although the
amounts granted undor the latter two
Acts nro ridiculously small, novorlho-
loss, to some extent, thoy nmollorato
those  conditions''of   abject   poverty
found in countries where no such provision is made. ■   ,   ■     ,
Although the Liberal party has been
responsible .for this legislation, the
workers, for a good many years past;
have been inclining ■ toward a breakaway and the establishment of independent political parties of the porkers. This feeling found expression ln
the launching of "Labor Parties" under various names and of a Socialist
party. None of these parties, how-
over, could claim to 'be at all representative, though they did wage unceasing war on each other, each claiming the right to represent Labor. ■
Out "of all this internecine, strife
came a Unity Congress, remarkable
alike for. its size, the scope of Us representation and its decisions. ^The
Congross opened In Wellington,' the
capital city, on July 1 laat, It was
attended by no less thnn. 280 delegates
representing 00,000 of Now Zealand's
70-.000 organized workers. • Aftor ten'
days of dobato thero was Inaugurated,
Industrially, a United Federation of
Labor, the .first of Its objects being:
"To-organize systematically and boI-
cntlflcally upon an Industrial union
•basis, In order to assist tho overthrow
of tho capitalist Bystom and thus bring
about a co-operative commonwealth
based upon Industrial democracy," Politically there was established an or-
ganizatlon'to bo called tho Social Democratic Party, Ita objective Is: "Tho
socialization ot tho means of production, distribution and oxehango."
Dospltn tlio efforts of a small group
of dlBruplors, backed by tho combined
volco of tho kept press, Wh movements nro bolng onthusUiBtlcnlly acclaimed by tho workors and will bo
tho'monno of ostnbllHhlng n unltod Industrial and political -pievomont superior to nnythlng yot ox luting. Now
Zealand, led tlio world In tho realms
of polilienl roforni. Lot a strict watch
lm knpt on those far away Isles, rnl-
low toilers, for hero surely will bo
born 0110 of tho vory first children of
the Social Hovolutlon.—Tho Now He-
view.
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Alut uiwuui)-) vaivw aim vazn..j  ,,..
there is no substitute for
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Sixty Yoarv tlm Standard
JIp! 7FIRE!" Clb^lhepar'Right,
By seeing that the fire insurance you have been'talking'about is.placed, with' our companies.- We control afew.of the strongest-companies ■
in the world. .-
That have made good."
r| "flJOC Tliat pay. a11 ^ust claims .prdmp-uj/
That exact no discounts.
'  ..       . ,That use'no,red ink'variations.■- ,\v
AND ARE STRICTLY itOARD   COMPANIES, '\
See us before you place ytour Fire Insurance;', also your Accident,
and Sickness Insurance, as the OCEAN is the LARGEST.^ccident
Company In the WORLD and oui* policies are guaranteed by asjets
of over, THIRTEEN. MILLION. DOLLARS.       t, - '   .   ,-  : ,,  yX
The Ocean Accident & Guarantee Corporation
'UNITED, ofXondomfineland'
A. B. CAMPBELL District Agent
MINERS' UNION HALL BLOCK City Office:—65 Victoria Ave.
.. i
Established April 1899
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale  and Retail    TobaCCOntSt
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILLIARD1 ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
i
r
Our Coffee is Good
c
Great Northern
Train going South leaves Ferine 9 :od. a.m.- daily"
except Sunday, making direct connections at Rex- -
ford for theVest arid with the ORIENTAL'.LIM-    ■
1TED East bound, THE CRiACK train of the North."..
"west.     ■ •  ~ ''       r    ■'     : '
Train from- the South arrives Fernie 7:30 p.m.,"-" ■
, make's direct connections at Rexford from East and
.West; .*' .'., ,'■ ;.    ,,-:-.-   \' ■
.Special_murid^triplCtffladiah_Holiday Fares to
Atlantic.Sea Porte=in connection,with Ocean tick-,,   ,
ets now in effect. • ,  - ■*:.   'yA' ' ■. ,.   «
*,. . .,    * -- . ;       •*    J '
i   ,        - /.'--■....'■:.,
R.J. MALONEY
Agent
: ■"':".'   Pernie, B.-O,'
"REAL ESTATE GOING UP?'
The question is aaked.   We
, answered: "Look,around you
and Beev
. Investigation Dlccloie* That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing  ,. .,,'
Aro you»alive to the situation?   If you aro wo can show,
you a placo you can make a
big profit on.
Ab compared.to later on.
Just Now, Houiee   Here  Are
Dirt Cheap.
'  " I
"it
t
M. A. KASTNER
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
FERNIE,-B. C
the WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine ■— American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & 'Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
fiOo. ancl Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 por Day
■ •     ■•    JL.JL jl jrm, m*jr jci
(Late of Hixon and Ferguson)
Call up phono No. 57 for repairs to burst'pipes and all
plumbing troubles
\
t\
Shop - Fellat Ave.
Neat* Hospital     -     Fernie, B. C.
1 XX-
w
. '■■   THE DISTRIOT LEDGER; FERNIE, B. 0., DECEMBER 27, 1913.
GLADSTONE LOCAll
; ,(,■•;■ ,.-,No.-'_23l4r.   •--
Meet first and third Fridays,
Miners* Hall.iPernle; .second,and
fourth Fridays,' Club Hall, Coal.
Creek.   Sick Benefit attached.-' -
*,-  '  . Vt; Uphili,'Sec.
Fernie, B. C.
ts ■.
'.^
>','
\'r.
HOSMER LOCAL
*.,,-.-- ■-, -' No. 2497,    "    ""    ..'
Meet every Tuesday evening in
the Athletic Hall at 7.30.    Sick
Benefit Society in connection. ■
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B. C._  ,.
MICHEL; LOCAL
No. 2334',
, , Meet every Sunday afternoon,
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit'Society attached.
■ II. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attach-,
cd. . i(], , i     ^
Michael "Warren, Sec.
Canmore, Alta.        ,,
HILLCREST LOCAL
_ ^ No. 1058
-.  Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month.   Sick and Benefit Socl-
. ety attached.
° ' J.'Gorton, Sec.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227    ''
\ Meet every alternate Sunday at
■2.30 p.m. in the Opera House,
-Coleman." '       •       - .
, !    .    •"        J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 106, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29 ' .
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and-Accident Benefit Fund
attached. ■ ,,
„   Frank "Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
. Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL   ,
No. 1189
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon"
in Miners' Hall, 2.30.
Frank'Barrlngham, Sec.
Box 112. Coalhurst P. O.
'.'. , LOCAL No. 3026
Max Hutter,  Secretary. "
Gedrgetown, Canmore, Alta
... COLEMAN LOCAL
-y  [■ 7 - ■ No. 268$   "
-_ ^-Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. ,in the Opera House,
Coleman.-  ""■'•'-
■ , - '"'       '   J. Johnstoner Sec'
PASSBURG LOCAL
■';   ;■   ...'--    No. 2352
- Meet every second .and- fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. : Sick Benefit So-;
clety attached. .S.
,V ■< ' Thos. G. Harries, Sec.'
Passburg, Alta.
BURMIS LOCAL ~
,    No. 949     '
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in Sch-gol-House, Burmis. No Sick
Society. -
.-   ■*
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829    .
.•Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union.Hall, Maplo Leaf. No Sick
Society,   j
.-    -'   Thos.' G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
' \  LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every "Wednesday- evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Ave-'"
nue North.
It. Moore, Sec-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431       f   •    .
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
in the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec,
Box 36,-Bellevue, Alta.
BEAVER CREEK LbCAL
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
p.m.   '
John Loughran, Sec.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock.- in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.
John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.       '   '    ,
PAGE THREE
BagaCTirakwtiWifflfrfflAftfflffli^^
WHY	
were the. FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
.   at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC.?
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MAR-
.       KET, that's why. ,
Buy them all the time at
THE 41   MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager        '* PHONE 41
Bjj, Robert Blatchford    '
Miss Rebecca West, having asked
me to lend her tbe Ms-hops to play
with.^ this -week, and Mr. James
Larkin not being, in my department,
I am at a loose end. So I think I will'
take a day o£f and tell you some more
of the annals of a Norfolk Qarden.
.The last time I talked garden I described the building cf a nest under
our eaves- by-,a couple bf house martins. Here is,-the sequel of' that
domestic idyll.
Perhaps' some of my readers may
remember tbat I was called' away
to Blackburn to open a clubhouse just
before the nest was completed. When
I got home again I got into my hammock and watched for the martins;
but the martins never came. The nest
was finished., Ibut the martins -were
gone.
It was three aays before I got the
clew to the mystery; the clew wat^a
wisp of straw leaning out of the nest.
I watched that straw for I had deduced sparrows.
■My deduction was correct. The impudent, immoral sparrows had,watched until the martins had finished tlie
nest, and then had taken possession
of it. ■    ■ ,   ;
Of course, nothing could be done.
I was vexod. I tola 'Mr. Sparrow that
he was worse than a usurer or a duke;
'but the sparrow has,, no -conscience,
and "my indignation was wasted.
The fact is, the spaf'rows, though
amusing, are something of a trial. All
theyear round 'I feed the little rascals,
and in the winter I give them three
meals a >day. In fact, at this moment
of writing, they are hopping about the
apple tree calling far their supper as
though I kept a hotel, ilnsteadi ot
which they pulled every flower out of
my crocuses in the spring, they stole
my cherries and pears in the summer,
and in the autumn they .picked every
red berry b"ff my Judas tree: What
am I to do with the little besoms?
Then there was my little gray brother, Mr.^ Johnny Rat. Mr, J. R. had
made a nome under the floor of the
'summer house. I met him one afternoon coming home across the raspberry patch with a ,tulip bulb in his'
mouth; and I don't know which of U3
iwas most surprised.
■After a brief meditation I decided
not to mention my little gray brother
to the family. I consulted Bellerby.
The squire said a rat was a public
danger, and that J. R. must die. He
said I had better borrow Gordon's sun
and shoot him (not Gordon, but ,T. R.l,
and I said I supposed I must.
'But the .next' morning, as I was
walking around the garden, I saw J. R.
looking out of his hole at me, and
I wilted, "Hang if all,"-1 said to my-
self, "how would'you like-to be a rat.
and be hated and" hunted and shot at
on sight?". ...       '-      .,   . -,
'I decided to give my little gray
brother notice to quit. I stopped up
his hole when he went out.
And he made'another.
Ana then Violet, going to get oil to
fill the lamps, .met J. R. with a chicken
bone in his mouth right outside the
kitchen door.
■Whereupon the downtrodden voteless slave" who plays the double part
of wife and doormat'in 'my humble
home, ordered me to catch that rat
and ;be quick about it.
So I stopped up his hole again.
'. And he made another. And so on,
da capo. *
■ *But,„at last, J. R. ceased to-make
new * holes, and I toll my slave I
thought.it'was gone. At which I was
greeted with a sniff of scorn.
J. R. was not gone. So I called
the dog and explained the difficulty
to 'him. I said: "It's like this, Pro,
the rat gets into his house, and gets
out again, and he has no door. Kindly explain."
•Pro,-laughed. "Why," he said] "don't
you see?'Look up there," and he pointed with his nose to the wail plum. And
he was right. If I had a nose' like Pro-
cyon I should have found it out myself. J. R. walked up the back of the
summer house and came down the
plum tree.
, So I .fetched Comrade Pike; and
Comrade Pike said, "Dig him out."
And it was so. John dug and I dug,
and Pro howled and barked and
danced the tango, and there was great
excitement .And directly we got below, tlie foundation Pro crawled in
and we listened for news of the battle.
■  The rat was gone.
Pro sniffed, and squealed, and
clawed; and threw straw and shavings
nut of the hole, and came but of it
with, his nostrils full of earth, and
raced along the wall. But J. R. was
gone. So ,we took,a couple of floor
boards and burnt our gray brother's
bed, and^then we left the place open
for a few- weeks, and J. R. took the
hint and, went to New Zealand or
Canada.
But I did not shoot him; and I
should, have been happy had it not
been for the advent of a one-legged
thrush.
'He came on the lawn one afternoon,
and h noticed at once that he did-nbt
run like tlie other thrushes. So I got
the field glasses and-very soon found
that the poor "bird had only one leg.
He ..had heen caught in a trap.
- 'Instead of running like the other
thrushes' (from whom he kept away)
he hopped about the lawn. When he
stopped he steadied himself by drooping one wing. When he had to dig
for brother worm he got a fulcrum
with his tail. I iwas sorry for him, but
could not help him. And worse was
to come, .
Yes; forua few days later I saw; the
poor .speckled beauty trying to get" his
food. And he kept failing. And I
found that the poor tiling had,broken
off his tail feathers and the long
feathers of his wing.   -
Alas! The 'Fates are relentless. And
I could " do nothing, Could I have
caught him and put him in' a cage the
wild creature would have broken his
heart. ' '    -
I saw him no more. But a few days
JatfiIi_as_L,was_standing_;by-the-.win--
dow in the school. library, I saw a
weasel in Bellerby's orchard; and I
knew that my thrush was .doomed,
and that iMr. Johnny Rat would visit
us no more.
iWo are told ,ln Holy Writ that, witn-
out God's will not even a sparrow
f lleth to thfc' ground*. Will any Clarion
reader believe that God had willed the
miserable evV of that pretty song
bird?. What had the poor thrush
done that he should lo/se his leg in a
trap and break hia wing and tail? If
I could have saved him i" would,
though perhaps he had stolen my
plums and my cherries.    "And how
is
m
,6IBIBIiS^^
a
a
if
I
e
-. i
f
^SFi^-Si1 ,the i0nmml °f T- P.atr0I?S in^Rchoico of Liquul Holiday Cheor, wo aro again putting ui,
special Holiday Cases containing six select assortments of High Grade Goods in ukin Mcknirea for
shipments homo delivery.   Orders for Xmas Eve delivery must be in ttio evening of    o    nd 7 OX o
jZb<$, 7 ftCC0PtC(1 UP t0 th° nlght °f DCC" ™'   A11 °r,lcrS m*h rot^n^..^ flli
Hamper No. 1.   Price $3.C0
(Weight 30 Ibi.)
1 Shorry l Sautorno
1 Marsolla Wino 1 Bordeaux Clarpt
1 Canadian liyo I Fine Old Port
0 Bottlos
, Hamper No. 2.   Price $4;00
(Weight 30 lbs.)
t Coadon Brandy 1 .Sherry
1 Canadian Ryo I Bordoaux Clam
1 Spocial Ilea Scotch       1 Old  lAirt
0 Bottlos
Hamper No. 3.  Price $5.00
(Weight 60 Ibi.)
2 Old Port
2 Kronch Clarot
0 Boor (Domestic)
1 Old Shorry
I John Loo Scotoh
12 Bottlos
Hamper No 4.   Price $6,50
(Weight 60 Ibi,)
2 Cnn nt linn Kyo
I Coadon Brandy
II Old Port
1 Jamaica Hum
2 Bordeaux Clarot
2 Old Shorry
1 Old Moi low Scotch
12 Bottles
Cf,
Hamper No. 5.   Price $7.00
(Weight 40 Ibi.)
i Upor to
1 Special Scotch
1 Canadian liyo
0 Alo or Stout
I Shorry
1 Spocial Brandy
1 Jamaica Hum
* *****       i-i V «■* W kV,»*»
Hamper No. 6. -.Price $12,00
(Weight 60 Ibi.)
c*      i    ■   ni
99   [Jut),    OliUilUiMgJJU
2 <(U Cumuimu Ji)u
1 Oporto
1 Jamaica Kum
1 Sautorno N. J.
i pu buneuicMiio
i imu Uin
1 lOyrold Liqueur Scotch'
1 Gonzalez Sliorry
1 Lcgrando Brandy   •
12 Bottles
K'nKl *«?&!£rnl««»* Ca8h m^*.* accompany all ordors,        pedal Attention
** ?ut"o1V^?w,, Ol:dor8i PHco» on Special Hampers given on applleatlon
:-"■■:■-,•.■,   .' '.,4   ". ■■ ■       ..*■    :. ;'.. ■:*■'•■■.■■■■.   ,;f|- ',.'- '.     '■ -;' ■*..,*■'... ■     .*.* '      ■ '* -.    ..*.*.*.
Our Calendar d* Lux« will bo enclosed with ©very hamper
Pollock Wine Cd., Lid. Fernie, B.C.
much more, your Father which
heaven?" N,
By the ..way, that reminds me. A
few months ago a reader took "ine fo
task for my lack of faith. He §aid:
"How can. you walk in your garden
and not see God's hand in "the beauty
of the rose?" Why, marry come up,
good gossip, thou errest most parlous-
ly. Dost think God made the Frau
Karl Druschski. or the Lyon rose, or
La France?, All the lovely roses in
the gardens were made by men; hy
glirdeners. Man has made all the glorious and many colored garden roses
out of tlie wild brier and the dog rose,
just as he liad made the apple from
the crab.
And don't you see tbat, to a very
great extent, by means of natural sex
selection, man has made woman, awf
woman has made man?
And I see, when I walk in the garden, the cruel spider, the voracious
caterpjllar, the deadly black blight,
and the harmfuhaphides, and the fungoid plague called mildew: "Why did
God make these? '.'And why did he
make the horrible tetanus, the germ
of lockjaw; wliich hides in tho soil
among the roses?
-In July last I showed a friend the
larvae of the brown gnat. We watched
them crawl out of their worm-like
sheaths and fly away Into th© rosy
light of sunset, and we saw the swallows devour them on the wing.
You must try again, my Christiaii
reader. Your theory does not fit the
facts.
There is a little book called "The
Enemies of the Rose." Get it,, and
read of the deadly blights, and fungi,
and wornis, and moths, and bees.
Who made the enemies of the rose?
I don't know. But I know who made
the rose; the rose was made by man.
.Why, -quite, recently Pa Chilvers
has made a new apple. He has honored' me by calling it the "Robert
Blatchford" apple; it bears apples of
a pound in weight, and will be a great
success, we hope. And it is a descendant of the wild crab.
Yes, and man made the- wheat and
the barley and the oats, and made the
dearest and truest friend of man, the
dog.
; We live on a planet, spinning like
a rifle bullet, lashing at ten times the
speed of an aeroplane round a star.
We live .in the milky way, and amid
women that men did not dream of in
the dark ages	
'But, enough. I have lent the bishops to -Miss West, and today I have
nothing to write about but the great
little mysteries of a Norfolk garden.
And so-to bed-.—The Clarion.
[•Ill
RAW
FURS
And Remit
Pfompklq   -:
Siitjr
'    Thousand
tnp[>ere Knd
u» their Saw
Fun. Wbjr not you?
We pay hlgh-eat prices
and express charges, diarge
no cGmnriailod &nd send money
aame der gooda &ro received. Mif.
llonsofdolfara aro paid trapper* each
Tear.   Deal with *ureliahlo houae.   Wo
tntheUrgeatinouUoeiaCuiada. Writeto-day
minute ** Jfu? quotations,   sent
ABSOLUTELY FHEE for tho
«ltin6. (
A^ JOHN HALLAM, limited XftSk'^,. TORONTO,
RALLAN'S TRAPPERS GUIDE
French or English
A book of 96 pagt*, fully illus-
trated. Came Ua*s revised to
d«te—tells you how, when and •
where to trap, bait and traps to
use, and many other valuable
facta concerning the Raw Fur
Industry* aUo our "Up'-to-lhe-
■mitLiiflj.*' ~- "*
DON'T DOPE WITH
ALCOHOLIC "TONICS"
This is honest advice for you, who
are run down ahd sick—don't dope
jtith_aleoholic"tonics^—-We-re-baok-
ing this advice with our personal guarantee of satisfaction to you, or your
money back.
There are a lot of so-called "tonics"
on the market that do not depend for
their short-lived popularity on any real
merit they possess, but upon the fact
that the alcohol in most of them amd
the dangerous or h'a/blt-forming drugs
in some of them give a few moments'
exhilaration and liveliness after a dose
is taken. After a while, even this .effect ceases to take place, and the unfortunate patient, worse off than before, turns for relief to something else.
Don't dope yourself with such stuff..
Take real medicine that will do you
real good, that will supply to your
system tho strengthening, disease-relieving and disease-resisting ingredients It needs. Tako Rexall Olive Oil
Bmulslon, and get well and keep .well.
It contains no alcohol nor any other
dangerous or habit-forming drugs, but
Is mado entirely from ingredients
needed to build up the strongth and
health of the nlllng.
You who wo weak and run-down,
and you who nro apparently woll now,
but are liable to suffer from various
coltl weather ailments, use Rexnll
Ollvo Oil Kmulslon to get nnd koop
woll nnd strong. For tho tlred-oul,
run-down, nervous, omuclntod or debilitated — the convalcHCln-K — growing
ohlldron—agod peoplo—It is a uoiiHiblo
aid to renewed strength, hotter spirits,
glowing health.
Ilrxnll Ollvo Oil 10mulHlon--l<lng of
tlio celebrated Hoxall IlcmodtoH—-Ih
for freedom from hIcIuiohh of you and
your family. I'lcnK-nut-lnfltlng—unlikn
tlio cod liver oil preparations—-you'll
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avo whon yon have noted itH BtraiRlh-
onlng, Invigorating, hulldlng-up, dl-
Hua»o-i>rovontlng effects, If It rtooH
not holp you, your monoy will ho glvon
hack to you without argument, Sold
lu tli I h. community only at our Htoi'u--
Tlin Hoxall Storo—ono of moro than
7,000 leading drug Kt'oroH In thn United
StatoH, Canada nnd Oroat IlrUnln —V.
1'J, Suddaby, Victoria Avonuo, FornU,
it, a
TO CURE
COUGHS ■'■<|C
■ & COLDS »—+-■-'W
1
llilcu's Syrup
«l Tir »»4 cw li.tr eu
A tonic as veil tm a
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Ui|l klltl# He. !«I4 h*T-*i*i*-
£
MATHIEU'S SYRUP
'    'OF TAH;*,""f
wmmmiimtimm
■M
Mil B   PRINT
SALE BILLS
AMD HUNT THEW RIGHT
VIA THE
Excursions    Canadian.
December 1st to 31st       Pacific
Railway
First-class round trip fares from Fernie to
$71.10
$76.10
$90.40-
$94.55
Return Limit
3 Months
Stopovers
East of
Fort William
TORONTO, HAMILTON,
SARNIA, WINDSOR
MONTREAL, OTTAWA,
BELLEVILLE, KINGSTON
ST. JOHN, MONCTON
Trains leave Fernie
17.30 daily and at
9.29 daily extept
Sunday. fl Inquire
regarding Sleeping
Cars.'
HALIFAX
Corresponding fares from other points and
to all stations, in
ONTARIO,    QUEBEC     AND    MARITIME
PROVINCES
For booklet of information
and full particulars, apply to
any agent of the Canadian Paci-
fie railway.
R. READING,   Agent    FERNIE
The Working Mens CIuB
,Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
= Tables :
REFRESHMENJ   BUFFET  ATTACHED
 NoJee charBedJto _*k* Club._which Ja_ open_tn-"a».	
B. Rawson
Manag
:er
HIGH CLASS
Ladies' and Gent's
=TAILORS==
t    *-- vi: %*3» t$y I
,-- v. -«£?-£vj:£f-|
' "f-,'-*.f;,Vl
iif'r*
"ii-i'ti.
Dress Suits From
$45 to $55
Fur Coats Etc.
Made To Order
DeBurle & Birkbeck
^^ Next. Calgary Meat Market
P.O. Box 544     -      Fernie, E.C.
^
,";,:'\',,'K|
.'%-*;,.-'/I
■.*V,,;»,i",|
',,    ^ <  ,"ms- ■
.',*-'' ..'V.-'fii.,
. ';-;f;\*:!'/tyl
-. .*,".  r -hi-iiti, I
'.', iMV/.^.I
".V.'-.'ierfel
.:*:,';v>S|
.!• ■-' ;.,>;^l
IK : - "
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
«m *r% tA    T   r\***«-*(p«i
ZSXS&'
Money to Loan on first cass Busi«
ness and Residential property
''. *»*?***'
■"i • d
..*■;*!
IMaiM'l-*VIMtt«L.^M
*  M ■■■■■'■■SSGjJ
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation    \*'l
We cater to the workingman's trade    ;,;£
| G. A. CLAlh .'-.* Proprietor
y\
A/ rasa?
^yjawyaygatyq^gy.:
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, 'BfiCEMBEB 27,
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
■Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C.    Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Advertising rates on application.  Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380.
GENEROUS WORKERS!
"IRRESPONSIBLE"
*^***?*5U
>; Words are tlio daughters oi" earth, but deeds thc
sons of heaven."
Not unfrequently we are inclined to attach too
'much, importance to the utterances of those who
arc inclined to give too vehement and candid expression to their feelings. Invariably such ulter-
i auces come from men'who are not in a position to
carry out, their threats or designs, and ayIio, having
nothing to'lose or risk themselves, are prepared to
go the whole length and persuade others lo follow.
The labor leader who is, irresponsible will soon
cease to be a leader. When you attempt to use
extreme measures you must be prepared to accept
extreme reprisal, and if you go out to kill you must'
be prepared to meet a similar fate if unsuccessful.
AVhen, however, we remember how harmless and
supine these utterances are, we can afford to treat
them generously.- Beyond a little pleasant flutter
of excitement they create no lasting impression, and
auy real damage they may occur is invariably the
result of attaching too much importance or undue
'publicity.
ln Western parlance, this line of talk is expressed'
as "peddling heated atmosphere," and such men;
though possessed of considerable bark, are rarely
inclined to bite. ^.
i ^ i
The Ulster situation is a very good example of
scientific political barking and bluff, and, to a
certain extent, the Ulstcrmen, have succeeded in
creating an unholy scare in the Liberal (government
ranks. No one has been arrested for sedition, and
no one will be—if the Government does*-, not think
' LEEDS, England, Dee. 23.—Sixty prominent
professional and business men, comprising doctors,
lawyers, clergymen and merchants, acted as street
sweepers here today and gave a practical demonstration of the determination of the citizens of
Leeds not to yield to the employees of the municipal service, .who are on strike because the city
would not grant what it considered the men's inordinate demands.
'We -wonder what "inordinate demands" these
men are making. Is it that their bank roll is not
increasing fast enough or do they find-themselves
pinched over tlieir ear accessories bill? Possibly
they are experiencing a little difficulty iu meeting
their domestics' salaries? This is not generally
the ease with scavengers, for the simple reason that
neither of the "necessities" to the "professional"
gentry find any place in their lives. In tliis prosperous and much-boosted Dominion we find the
worker striking for a bare existence or a little
more of what he produces.
What are these "inordinate demands'"/ Does
he demand more than $6.00 per week? If so, how
extraordinary!' How dare he demand more? His
task so menial, so lowly; requiring no brains (?),
fine executive ability', scientific education or rhetorical powers!
Another side, Jlr. Header: Imagine the devotion
and self sacrifice of those "professional men, business men and clergy.'' Just think of tho sacrifice
of time, the calloused palms, the aching backs. Was
ever such generous devotion recorded? Surely this
noble self sacrifice should find a reward in the
freedom oi' the eity or some mosaic memorial. A
suitable'.epitaph would be: "To the everlasting
memory of the noble band of professional, business
men and clergy, who helped defeat the striking
scavengers and their inordinate demand—to live!"
Possibly the strikers will realize very shortly that
their bank roll is large enough and that economics
can best bo effected by dismissing their domestic
help and doing a little' housework in their spare
time.
And they tell us we are civilized! That conditions are better!
Verily this is a time of peace on earth to men of
good will!
plosion. It is a fact, however, that
in the last twenty-three years there
have heen 30Q men filled from gas
in these" mines'. • J have come to the
conclusion that the lives of a few men
do not count with the. owners when
their protection entails the cutting
down of dividends.' Vf  . .
Owners Responsible
"The progress we have made in a
commercial way during the- past
twenty-three years-has heen made because men have heen found like the
poor fellows now in jail in New Westminster, who are willing to suffer as
they are.
"I do not.-believe in strikes. I think
that the men who are responsible for
strikes should be sent to jail because
strikes cause untold misery in the
land, iln .this'case the facts are such
that either the .government and the
mine owners must successfully refute
them or else remain as the real originators of the present strike.
"One of the statements, made recently was that we must have British
law and order enforced. I believe in
that. I remember when the papers
were (full of the reports of how 300
brave, valorous troops were taken to
Nanaimo and landed gallantly three
miles from tbe city, that they advanced boldly, under cover to the scene
of the trouble,. I suppose the cover
was gooseberry bushes. And I remember how glad we felt here in Vancouver that not one of these brav« men
was shot or, hurt in any way except, in
the feet, which were tired from walking so far on a hot day. I tell you,
friends, I would rather be shot than
be a soldier iu ,a strike riot." (Applause^)
Deliberately Planned
"It is a fact that all the damage
done in Nanaimo wafe the breaking of
eight windows and the striking oi several men by stones. Compared with
the Nanaimo riots, .so-called, the Japanese riots in Vancouver were a regular Balaclava. We are told by the
mayor of Nanaimo that up to the introduction of the strike breakers, the
miners had' behaved themselves like
law-abiding citi&ens. I am convinced
that when the mine owners introduced
the strikebreakers into the affair they
were certain of what the results would
be nnd that they did ■ it for the' purpose bf  creating  the  climax   which
(Continued on Page Seven)
CFVICE-PRES
llfAW-O
TT Xsl.-~UV==li-.f
>y
#
^'that-they-have-the-po
The labor movement in B. ■ C. is at present engaged in" a great fight against the McBride^ and
Bowser "clique" '(we refrain from saying "government"), and the great objective is to secure
possession of the,, means to suppress. -At present
this is possessed by "Dick" and his colleagues'.-■
Thc first duty of tlio porkers is to unite jn one
solid party to.teat the political strength'of this
, oligarchy, and until wo have reason to believe .thnt
the bulk of the working class of this'province is
witli us in our fight, it would be lunacy to attempt
4 coercive or anarchistic methods. The leaders of the
Labor, and Socialist movements 'in B. C. and the
world over are realizing that the fight of the proletariat, whether conducted along commodity or
ela&s struggle lines, calls for solid representation
at the ballot.   The rebellion of the working classes
, must Iio successful, and wo ennnot afford at the
present stage, to take hazardous chances on guerrilla methods.   -
It, is time enough to tako notice of irresponsible
ntt-minecH wlien uttered by responsible individuals,
/and Sve would recommend to those readers who are
tempted sometimes to weigh too heavily the remarks that are made in the bent of n rhetorical out-
burst, to regard tho effect of such effusions as
harmless nnd as permanent ns the proverbial snowball would lie in the lower regions, or a mosquito
upon a riiinoccrmi-s' hide.
Tho strikers on the Island have n hard fight, lint
BRITISH COLUMBIA MINES
PAID $2,506,219 IN DIVIDENDS
Having read the above joyous news.it is safe to
predict that this'great prosperous (and."AVhite,"
of course) B. O: is in for a period of prosperity.
Why worry about 15,000 or2d,'000 men being idle
at the coast? Absurd! The wave has struck us.
J^^adyaM-OiLtlie-^MsLa^
harvest! Why, even ithe International Coal & Coke
Co. (Alberta) made $120,000. (Wonder what would
happen to this if, we had an -investigation board
next week?) Now, surely there will be work for
all!   Eh!   What?       '    **  ■ '     "  ,,
"Two thousand men from the various different
trades are^out of employment and walking the
streets in Calgary according to a statement niade
to The Herald today by Secretary Young, of the
locnl Trades and Labor Council.
"The majority of these unemployed are from the
building trades.'. There is very little building going
on in Cnlgary now. ....
"Calgary is no worse in this respect thnn nny
other city in Western Canada.
"A great number of men in thc building trades
nnd day laborers nre said to have not mado much
more than enough during the past year to tide
Ihoin over the winter.
"it is not expected Hint there will be vory great
suffering or privation on neeount of the slackness
of wrtvk. The mild full has grently lessoned tfio
seriousness of the situation."—Exchange.
Calgary, wc hasten lo odd (for we fear the wrath
of tho board of trado thero), is no worsejhan other
cities, nnd it is nlaimed to bc better off than the
Pacific Const towns. All of wliich, however, fails
to console the out-of-work or feed his family,
The fact that mnny of those employed in the
building trndo have not  niade much moro thnn
they will be successful if tlieir struggle is conducted  enough during the past year to tide them over the
wl
nlong praetioable lines. Whnt, is wanted is the con-
fidonco of tho support of Uio entire working class,
but if n general strike were precipitated nnd, owing
to tho present condition of the labor market, were
ifi prove unmieceHsfiil, their cause would be injured
irreparably.
The U. M. \Y. A. hns spent thousands of dollars,
t '
and no doubt is willing to spend thousands ni-iiv,
in conducting a strike iu this territory, therefore
we think thai the workers of District IH mny rest
a-sMirnl that, nothing calculated to injur*- cither thn
■Mtriljers or themselves will ; bo attempted or
I'oiuilfHiiincp by the -organization miliwi sonic very
1-ojp^iii rensoni lie shown.
winter is reninrloible—wc q iim I inn whether they
lmvo made enough lo stem them over a week of
idleness,
Evidently tho elements are more generous thnn
our advanced civilization, for the Cnlgary scribe
notes thnt Ihe "mild fall hns grently lessened 1he
.seriousness of the situation." Strange, with nil our
comforts and education, wc, like our cnvc-dwclliug
nncestors, inns'! gnlher n modicum of relief from n
temperate nature. Thus hnve wc advanced! And
they tell uh Socialism is retrogressive! But, of
course, the "prosperity" has struck B. C. where
we lmvo -n united and solid -Conservative Government', sir,while Calgary is in "Sunny Alberta 1"
STRIKE SITUATION Oilx7
-A     VANCOUVER; ISLAND
Men Withstand Many Temptations to
.Violate, the  Law—The. Struggle  a
Fight to a Finish—And Win They
Will. '
MUST GET TOGETHER
MINE OWNERS
SHOULD BE
JAILED
Rev. Or. Fraier Declarer Government
and cdiiery Operatori Are Responsible -;r Trouble—Strike Breaker*
Intro -til Deliberately to &t»rt Riots t-i Mllltla Might Be Ut$6-Con-
-irca- ,:• Interrupts Denunciation
With -pplsuse.
•I ih
be*.
tma-rd i
WWW**
rust Hlr Kictunl Mcilrid*
uglixwit In hU conduct with
tbe Vancouver Inland strike
I think that tht* Dominion
government hau boun negligent, 1 am
not so proud of Canada! nn I was Uo*
fore I learned tho true Inside of tho
Vancouvor Wand affalr/v
imt m-amu ur. ii. St. *rr.i»«r, pastor
i.f llw 1'ln-st Pj'i'4;\iv,tw3*y.u Ojjja-Jj, l-i'
ford n rongregntlon which packed ovory avnllnblo chnlr In tho building laat
nigltl. Even tho Sunday school area
which adjoins tho church, was thrown
oiwtn to the auditorium of the -church,
nnd li, too, waa filled to capacity,
Twlc« during tho strong denunciation
of Uio government's handling of tlu*
affair and alto a scathing arraignment
of tho mine -owners, tho congregation
Interrupted Dr, Fruser to clap lu
hand*, atatnp it* fact and' tho begin*
tiling of n ftMiitiiy cheer swept tcnui-
tlvolf across tho mass of packed lir-mM
lwft»i-»i Uk*s itmUiuUuu ot' Ui->» hrtcrt'd
naiuro ot tho occasion checked its
riling flow!,
Commercialised Civil/ration
The subject of Ur. Fraa-sr'* address
was   "Oommc-rrltHNwl    ■f'lv:i!»u.Vm,,,( of £»t In order to protect themselves
and at tho very start he stated thai j from the toss consequent on an *%>
tho -Hiibjoct wus too largo to discuss
na a wholo nnd thnt only Ua local aspect a» "applied to the Vancouver Is-
lund mino troubles would bo dealt
Hun.   immediately thero was a deei*
•tJl.iUH «»'*f liill li!ivii*Jil *iii-l  Hi**' hiHHU *4r
amnbly bent forward attentively.
Dr. Fraser commenced his address
with a brief history of tha .growth of
tho troubles beiwoen the minors and
their wnnfmw*. Ho told how th*
man had --complained of tbo prosenc«
of gas In tho mine* and how, when a
commission composed of miners was
appointed to Inspect the mines, ro
turning a report that there was ga»
and thai It was dangerous for the men
to work there, they wero discharged
and found themselves blacklisted all
over tho Island, simply because they j army. V fight tiie hi¥li*"«rM»fl~of i
hnd iho courage to-report uiHnvmrolib j master class.—Miners' Maganlne.
to the mine owners. j,.-. .        . -   ■	
"I ha^ heart the statement that I"--::-":- -»•"--' ■  	
the owners aro a* much Interested m
th* men in ktwplng tht* mine* ileal
The strike of the coal miners of
Colorado lhas attracted, national attention, and people who read are realizing that giant corporations have but
•little, respect for human rights when
dividends are at stake. It matters but
little to a master class that men, women and children become the victims
of suffering and endure agonies that
are as cruel and as pitiless as death.
The coal miners of Colorado have
borne' the brunt of industrial oppression for almost a quarter of a -century.
Any attempt upon -their part" to launch
-a—movemen-ir*to-better-their-eontiition"
has been met by the most brutal op--
position on the part of a master class.
No outrage was too infamous to be
perpetrated1 upon the man who raised
his voice in supplication to his, fellow
men to come together in an organization to resist the tyranny of coal barons, .who sneered at,law and/mocked
the most sacred principles of, constitutional liberty. The man who was
permeated with the.spirit of unionism
and voiced his protest against tbe
wrongs Imposed by armed thugs hired
to kill, was either assassinated or driven from the coal fields, bearing tho
scars Inflicted by the paid degenerates
of -the coal corporations.
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, the Victor Fuel Company and
.the Rooky Mountain Fuel Company
have governed their slaves with nn
iron hand-, and mute submission nnd
obedience woro demanded by those
economic masters who have never
known any Justice that conflicted with
the usunl toll demanded from the bono
and musclo of laibor.
The Southern coal fields ot Colorado
hnvo been a Siberia, whoro liberty has
been dead and whore cltlzonshlp hns
been but an empty word. * Tho mnn
dopendent on a job, whoso poverty
forced lilm to nccopt employment In
tlio mines of these absolute czavs, forfeited every right to speak for human
liberty, nnd when ho dared to "raise
hia voice ngnlnst tlip anarchy of heart-
loss nnd soulloss exploiters, ho plnfcod
his Hfo In Jeopurdy. '
There wns n time when the conl
minors In southern Colorndo wero
filled with men who were born on American soil. They suffered wrong nnd
Iiujiosllloii until puilunc.i cuuHed to bo
n vlrtno and wero forced to leave the
prlsoiiH of peonrige thnt cih'rp.1 Iho
Centennial fltnte,
Tliolr pin cob were filled iby men of
foreign birth who believed that thoy
wero coming to a land wliero freedom
was the heritage nHniin, und where
thoy coiild build n homo thnt. would be
hletmod with it little of thn suiiHliIno
or prosperity, Their dream of liberty
iu a now world Iiiih been rudely ahnt-
terwl, The freedom that thoy expected beneath the dome of u republic wna
but ft delusion, for thoy hnvo .'realized
that cnpltnllHm beneath tho atnrry
banner of Young Columbia Is as merciless as under tlio banners of the
monarchies of tho Old World.
Thoy hnvo discovered thnt Ih a Innd
where wo donst' of our democracy,
capital sits upon tho throne of powor
and rules with tho mnllod hand of
brutal mlfht Thev hnve Innrtinrf thnt
all tho functions of government aro
*nu>LHii against labor and that capital
ouris and controls.the armed power of
■tato and nation to hold In subjection
tho struggling millions of a continent.
They hnvo learned that governors,
lfljTtt!l't*>n»-n    t-mt  Ittrtrirt,. *.•>*>«   *l* r. 1. rif* ***
nro but the official agents of industrial
oppressors to legallso th© Infamies
that are committed against labor.
The labor history of Colorado is wot
with tears and reddened with Wood*,
and the time Is nt hand when overy
worker within tbe border* of fhe nttito
must get together and stand as an
The action of the Federal grand jury
is no surprise to us and"'it* will .have
no effect on the present'strike! They
may induct us but they cannot indict
the principles for which' we stand-—
they will .prevail until human slavery
ceases .to exist; .   !
We .are accused - of violating -the
Sherman anti-trusty-law and .of organizing a conspiracy in restraint of
trade. If they mean by the term "restraint of trade" that we. have restrained John D. Rockefeller and a
few other Eastern millionaires from
plundering the coal miners of Colorado, then' we plead guilty to the' indictment nnd are proud of the achieve-'
ment.
It is rather strange that no grand
jury ever indicted the officials of the
coal companies who have been violating the laws of Colorado for a number of years. It is a well-known fact
that five of the seven demands of the
Colorado miners* are based upon the
laws of this State. The operators
now offer as a basis of settlement of
the present strike these five laws, and
,insist that the miners take a referendum vote as to .whether or not .they
will accept these laws, frankly admitting by this- proposition that the miners have not heretofore enjoyed the
benefit of^the laws and that now, in
a moment o'f generosity, they are going to concede that they will give the
miners the benefit of the law, and yet
these distinguished gentlemen ,liave
never been' indicted by any grand jury.
It is evident that these coal companies"
are greater • than the State govern--
ment, and tilvat they can -do as they
please, so far as the law is concerned.-
The Pueblo grand jury, after a
laborious and lengthy investigation,,
has seen fit to indict us for an alleged
violation of the Sherman anti-trust
la;w. In view of this fact, and having
great respect for the impartiality of
grand juries, it might not be asking
too much if we would ask some grand
jury to institute a probe to coyer the
■admissions made by the coal operators
jn the proposition they' offer the miners. Their generosity overwhelms us
and, no doubt, it ought to appeal to
.some grand jury, because'when any
corporation will voluntarily agree to
live up to the laws of the State, Implying that they never did so ibefore and
then,ask the miners to return to,work
-on-that_basiofit"is"eviuent"tua1ra~graiiu"
jury -would be able to make a very
nice report and one that"would especially appeal to John D. Rockefeller
and other Eastern trust magnates at
whom the Sherman alfti-trust law
,w.as aimed.. It is a well-known fact
that this .Federal statute did • not contemplate the prosecution-of-the officials of labor unions for carrying on
the legitimate work of the labor movement. It was enacted for the sole
purpose of curbing the greed of gigantic corporations or trusts that have
been plundering the .people for many
years. This indictment is similar to
the'one returned against us in West
Virginia, and it is a well-known fact
that the United Stales Department, of
Justice did not consider it very seriously, and predicating- our opinion
on this high authority, we may be
pardoned if we view this indictment
In the same light.
■ Tho so-called "restraining of trado,"
which .means the restraining of traffic
in .human life, is no doubt repugnant
to all those who live off the sweat
und blood ,of labor. Tho properties
of the Colorado coal companies would
amount to nothing and 'would represent nothing of valuo If the men In
tho' mines refused to work. It ls tho
hnnd of foil that produces millions
for these conl corporations, nnd yot
when the minors dare organize and
try to secure tliolr rights under tho
law, a living wa»o and fair conditions,
and thoy call upon their International
union for nsslstnnce, they aro branded
ns outlaws nnd dangerous characters
and enemies to tho peace and dignity
'o'f tho State of Colorado, yet nothing
Is said nbout tho continued violation
of law on the part of the coal companies, nnd nothing Is dono to prevent
thorn from'continuing In the samo old
way. .It, Ih about tlmo tho pooplo bY
Colorndo woro awnkonlng to tlio fact
lhat a few millionaires are making n
farce out of tlio laws ot mis Htnto
and nro Insulting tho minors by offering I horn lawn if thoy will only return
to /work. Why didn't thoy enforce
thorn boforo? No wonder tho coal
operators do not. want the union In
Colorado.
Thn strike Is ln Ap!umlld almim nnd
will bu proBBCiik.il to a successful conclusion, rogardloss of tho action of
tho Federal (rrnnd jury nnd all the
(Continued on J'sro Bcven)
merely".incidentalvto the': workers :oa..
Vancouver .Island'securing the' right,
to organize;ih. that locality/;V    . -■- ,'
The^ workers' of ' Western' Canada,A
and in British .Columbia;In. particuJar,,,
have been aroused ^ais never*.ii'efore 1;o
the necessity of making* this^ struggle
a fight tb a.' finish. > Win they' must,
and win they will.."Yay on Macduff P,;
—'B. CFederationlst.-.    .'.        ''   - "■
• With the outspoken utterances of
Dr. .Fraser last Sunday, evening,-with
the resolution passed by"the'Ministerial Association," published elsewhere
in' this issue, with the trials now going on in New Westminster, with the
apologies being profusely offered iby
•Mr.- Bowser, -with- the militia remaining oh Vancouver Island under protest,, and with the general dissemination of the truth concerning.the strike
situation, on Vancouver Island, the
prospects foi; a settlement for the
Union ' miners are dally growing
stronger and brighter.
For sixteen months past the Canadian Collieries company have been
scouring the American continent and"
all Europe for strike breakers, to be
employed' at Uieir Extension properties, without success.,
At South Wellington over 300 union
miners have remained loyal to their
organization without.a solitary, desertion, and though there has been plenty of provocation and many violations
of the law by company thugs; the men
have .withstood the temptation and
remained a unit in fighting for their
right" to organize. In the evidence at
New Westminster during the .past
week it was admitted under oath by
crown witnesses that many men had
been imported from Missouri as strike
breakers and,their fares paid iby. the
Pacific Coast Coal^ .Company, in gross
violation of the law. . -'    '
At Nanaimo, out of the 1,600 men
on strike, there have only been 20
desertions, and a str'onger determination'. toN win prevails today than at
any period since the strike commenced.     '      .,   ' .   -   .
At Cumberland only four men deserted the union ranks, while, with the
assistance of Bowser's special policemen in the early stages of the strike,
some 200 white strike breakers were
secured by the company, in addition
to-which there are at least 1,000 Asiatics employed in and about the
mines, 500 of whom, ,if they'had to
submit to an examination'under the'
Coal Mines' Regulation Act, would be
deemed incompetent to mine coal.
-Flagrant violations of the law.are
being .daily enacted by the coal companies; -inspectors do not inspect; and
absolutely no effort is being made by
the cabinet, ministers of the government to intervene in any manner,
shape or form; The coal companies
obey,, no law except their .own.' They
do as -they like, with the evident approval , and: sanction, 'of the provincial,
government authorities. The strikers,
on the contrary, are being prosecuted
andi - persecuted, driven hither and
rthither~b"y~'*sl)ecial pli-^enTefir^SWd"
Tiounded, like criminals, but evenAvith
all the. powers 'of government on the
side of the coal companies the strikers are determined to win, and'they
will win—bo the price what it .may.,
There is evidence even now that .the
strikfc will wreck the iJIcBrlde govern-,
ment .before it Is over, but.that is
Classified Afo-Cent a Word
MINERS-LOOK—Every man who has"
. a wife should also have a home oh .,
a fruit farm ih Creston. .You can.,
buy as good land as there is la B. -
C.from R. Lamont,' Creston, B. C. .
Only small payments required.' 82
,3V
,-
(
I
t
WANTED—Second hand Empire Type- -
writer.   Apply Box. 380. 122
ANCONAS FOR SALE^-Cockerels and,
pullets  (May hatched, pullets laying), bred from stock imported di- *
rect .from Sheppard, of Ohio.   Apply
Robt. Jones, West Fernie.      -     124' •
WANTED--Two  or  three   furnished
rooms for light housekeeping by E.;
,   B. Shoemake.      , .      ■ • 126
VWANTBD—Position by  Mine Clerk;
understands mine Imd. coke oven
su'pplles.^payrolls and office, -work;'
bookkeeper-stenographer.     Address
■II., care Ledger.   . 129,
SNAP—160,, Acres Farm in famous
Pincher Creek district with good
cash market for everything. New
house, barn, granary, all fenced and.
cross-fenced; 60 acres under cultivation; splendid water spring; aoil,
black clay loam; school same, section; post office 2% miles; -8 miles
from towii. "Cheap, all cash or $800^
chaser. Would like. to go East.
OWner, A. E. Pennington, Queen's
Hotel, iFernie, B. C. '    130
.14
WANTED IMMEDIATELY-Good plain
-,iCOok.   Apply Jlrs. Corsan, Oity.   131
DR.  JOHN   BARBER,   DENTIST
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
- Phone-121        ^   -    V
Residence: ,21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE       -   '   -       -       - •    B. C.!
,*    ALEXANDER MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
' Offices:  Eckstein. Building,
,Eirwtiti~B,e^xA    -.   '
- -i< j
P. C. Lawe'
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
. ATTORNEYS
' Fernie, B. "C  ',
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation In tha Pass.—•
Up-to-Date — E(rery, ConvenlSnce,—
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE  FOR   LADIE8 AND GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
Stephen T. Humble
For Skates, Hockey Sticks, Heaters
Ranges, Furniture, Stationery etc
BELLEVUE
Alberta
ISIS THEATRE
Shiloh's Gwt
auicKiv -stops cou«hi. cum* coins,
Mttttn rtttt tw3at mo < uuat. as cimxp
Tlio program, for Saturday, lifter-
noon and evening. 1» an exceptionally
goou one, tho star foaturo—"Tho Hotter rauiur —•uoiiik « vory strong
(3j-:jjjj:j, Ijj ii'v luvla, -.urli-mila-h; ihi.
ovlls Incurred through Jealousy. It
lii quite an object lesson and one that
should not be missed, "The Flower
Qtrl and the Counterfeiter," another
drams by the popular Imn Co, For
tho lighter vein, "Two Hearts and
a Thief," and "Cupid's Had Aim,1" Nas-
tor films, will furnish as hearty n
laugh ns one could wish for.
On Monday, "Tho Triumph of
Strength," tx two-reel Ambriilo Lion
feature, will l»e shown, while on Tuesday the famous i-Maurlca Maeterlinck's
masterpiece, "Pellens and Mellsando,"
with Coimtancn Craw Joy and Arthur
iMsudo—two of England's most gifted
iictors-—in the stellar roles. This story
hss become almost pmrertilsl as «
comparison for lore and lows, snd
one mast tadetd he bl»M, to derive,no
pleasure or benefit from It.
H. G. GOODEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wc will furnish your house from cellar lo garret and at bottom prices.  Call, write, phono or wlro.   All ordors given
prompt attention.
If you are satisfied, tell others.   If not satisfied, tell us,
Coleman - Alberta
Grand Theatre
JAN. 1st 1914
Mr. Geo. B. Howard
Supported by a- Metropolitan Company will
present
DAVID HARUM
The Greatest Comedy Success of the Year
l! '
Admission; 75c, $1.00, -ft.50 Shew start* st 8.00
ftPtCIAL LATE TRAIN FOR  COAL  CREEK
^.*5«r$"**'*Ay- ■ic-ys-.y..
'i-'"-"c , '-,. .
//
?"•-''-...   *■ '■'    A .A.   '■>.
*.      -*.- . i: _b   --.,--■    ..-
■■-IS*.-'      <
XI   tlA
■*■ ,*xAd<-*.~
THE DISTRICT IJBDGEB, FERNIE, "jB. C, DECEMBER 27, 1913.
PAGE FIVE
• i\-,r,~,-i *»■*£*'D* '
i?'-J^;::}/f,.-;.,;-;f^-v.<v •, •■■;',..-, ,,
"' II...v .-t'-j-xi. - -. . . > -    j      '      - '
■■  •x,->- - ■-- '-.' ■>    -•■• '.        •-.-■"..- •
--  +?^***_***W¥*if¥*lf*?*xVtJltW'*^
■"-'•'     ■'     - •   -'■'.■-" ..-■'.•■-. .. i   ..■-... .--. ..... . - «
1 m&i*r&  Qf /Tlie District Camps
%'  -a.-  a-x"   :-• *•• "..:   - ..■     •'>.-. *■**■•.- ._.,•.--;■.■ •     , . . „   • *
+ ***±**kkkkkkkkkkikkkt*4,*i***X***'liYVll**
♦
BELLEVUE NOTES
T
their
The union men of this camp will
now have, ithe .privilege of patronizing
.  a union .barber, the barber at Cole's.
pool room holding a paid up card In
the International Barbers'. Unloh;
A Slavonian miner was hurt on Wednesday while at work as spragger in
-  No. 1 mine.   He was caught between
two cars and had his leg badly crushed.   -The hbspital authorities report
" he Is doing as well as can be expected.
The local erl© of the Fraternal Order of Eagles intend holding a social
and smoker after the regular meeting
on Dec. 27.
The Bellevue Wholesale Wine and
Liquor Co. opened for business in their
new store tinder the management of
Mr. Tom Beeson.
James Naylor leaves eamp on Wednesday tb spend Xmas with his family,.
who have been in Calgary for some
time, -,, ■    ,
Mr. J. N. Brown, of*Grand Rapids,
.   Min., is in camp at the Lyric Theatre
•. ]>alnting the new screen; *
The -Bellevue. hockey team went to
Hillcrest fori, a practice game on" Saturday.'" .    ,.
iThe. Bellevue .Band went to Hill-
'' crest' to the funeral of .the -late IMr.
Rose, who wasi buried at Hillcrest on
Sunday.                 _■-■'-
•-At the last meeting ot the Turtle
.-  Mountain Nest,' Order bf Owls, No.
',1155, Bellevue, held bn idea' 17, the
■ following brothers were nominated for
,. office: .President,..Bro. E.W.'Christie;
"   vice" president, Bro.' Fred Chappell;
■past president, Bro, John Brooks and
. J. .Marsland;  invocator, Bro. Albert
"■    Padgett; secretary, Bro. Fred Padgett;
, treasurer, Bro..R. D. Evans-and! R:
.Cummins; warden, Bro. George Christie; sentinel,, Bro. A. Varley; picket,
, Bro. Emile Belgin.   The election and
* installation of officers will take place
■next, -meeting, Wednesday, Jan. 7, * at1
..' 7.30, in the Eagles' Hall, Bellevue.   A
social will be' held afterwards.
,   A Christmas tree and concert was
• lield in the Methodist'Church'on Tues-
v day under the auspices of the Sunday
School- Amid' much glee on the. part
of the kiddies .Santa Claus madO his
usual appearance and distributed gen-
, --* erously his Resents.
Tuesday night was District Ledger
• night at the Lyric Theatre.  The edit-!
■or, after a few. well chi/sen remarks,
" presented the prize winners with-their
prizes. "-•*■   . .',  -     ;.
are to  be- complimented   for
achievement in so -short a time.
,   Quite "a. number of the Passburg
boys visited tho Lyric Theatre District
.Ledger night.        *  ' ,
-It seems that the coal company, here
at,Passburg is'still having some difficulty iii getting -the pay -and state-
ments, The,-miners were hot given
their statements until Saturday. However, the. pay landed in good time, but
in order, that the workers may get a"
mistake»corrected, it is to be hoped
that the statements will be given out
according to agreement henceforth.
■Fred Doubt, of Blairmore, and
friends were visitors here at Passburg
on Sunday, last, and owing to a-ibad
puncture in one of the tubes of their
auto-they were compelled to stay witn
us until about eight o^clock that night.
Quite a number of the Passburg
miners were laid off here on Monday
last, but it is expected that they will
be restarted'in the new year.
Dick Beard and Bill Piotdn were
awajvat Frank on Saturday last and
had it.not been for the fact that their
buggy was heated up it would have
been a cold trip.
♦ FRANK NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
large audience.
■ The Christmas cantata held in the
Baptist Church on Monday night was
a decided success, the Church being
packed to the doors.
, A dance will be given by. the Blairmore Hockey Club on New Year's
night. , '
The local Order of Owls held a
smoker in the Miners' Hall on Thursday night, which proved a great success.
(Mrs. McNeil, the local telephone
agent, left on Wednesday night for
Pincher Creek, where she will spend,
the Christmas holidays.
TV. E. Gilbert, of the Alberta Hotel,
motored to Coleman on Saturday.
T, B. George, the local manager of
the Union Bank of Canada, left for a
visit to Ontari'o last week end.
Jack iMcDonald, while driving west
along the Frank road on Monday
night collided with a buggy that J,
Pozzi, of Frank, was driving, and was
thrown out. Jack is on the sick list
with a,swollen eye, while Joe escaped
injury except for a shaking up.
Rev. D. Ross, who spent a month or
sb -here this fall, preaching revival
services at the Central Baptist Church,
is again in town and will spend a few
days with'Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Pinkney.
y±J>J^
I
PASSBURG NOTES
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
I
Passburg, Alta., 13th December,. 1913.
J. T. Sterling, Esq., '■' " ' ,'"-
•Chief Inspector of Mines,
Edmonton! Alta,
•Dear Sir,.—-In connection with the
Coal -Mines Regulation Act, would you
Tcindly Interpret Section 40 with reference to the appointment of checkers,
' and whether I am violating the above
section inenterlng the mines in order
to .measure the working places of
those whom I represent. I am employed ns a .permanent secretary of
• threo local unions, namely, Passburg,
Burmis and Maple'Leaf.
An.immediate reply will bo greatly
Appreciated.
i Yours truly,
•THOS. G. HARRIES,
Secretary,
(Reply) ,
„ Edmonton, Dec ICth, .1913.
Sir,—I am In receipt of your letter
"of the 13th Instant,' and Iif reply have
to inform you that only persons who
are practical working miners df at
least threo years' exporionce and resident In the Provinco has authority to
on'tor nny mino to act as checkers.
Yours truly,
.town t. sterling; .
Chlof 'Inspector of Mines,
Thos, (J. Harries, Esq.,
Secretary U. M. VV. of A„ '
.pasaburg, Altn.
It seems that tho ruling- hnnded
down1 by. tho Chlof Inspector of Minos
has not glvon vory much satisfaction
to onr socrotnry, boeniiso Mr. Sterling
has not Interpreted or defined anything with Uio exception of quoting
Section 40 as published in the Aot
Ho hns not ovon stated that our socrotnry la acting in contravontlon to
tho nbovo soctlon or not, and Socro-
■tary Harries is just aB wlso now ns
ho wns boforo receiving' thiH authority's ruling. In tho Obsorvor's opinion
the District offlcors should soo Into
this mattor and Interview Premier
Sifton in ordor to iimonrt tho Aot to
("work tho snmo as it rends, and such
n vltnl question nn this should ho settled as soon as possible,
A lnrgo numbor of rnlnos were Inld
off Saturday by the Davenport Coal
Company,  HiirmlH,  through  1/ick of
orders.  Wo consider,' liowovor, that
thn management Is fair undor tho
circumstances Sn permitting tho married minors to havo proforoncn ovor
tho single, and tho last named aro per-
'footlv sntlsflpil with thn ^royc."!-.!::.'..,
,«s outlined by tho Konornl mnnww.
Ct'irtotuias presents will be-glvon to
tho children Jot Burmis on Tuesday* In
the school bouse. The number Is not
vory .hiffh/ but novortliolOBB tho troo
will bo given a great reception by tho
fpw   ■ ■  ' "
. Although the j workers have good
reasons for kicking at the high cost
of living, house rent, etc, yot It be-
romes painful to seo cases whoro pooplo will rent tx house, sny, for 118.00 a
month, and another Individual will
step In sn* offer 117.00 for tho same.
• . In tho opinion-of the Observer, if tho
workers' were to refrain from 'siieh
tactical, there would be more harmony
among their ranks, which would surely
load to "better iblnjfl.
The Christmas tree which was ar-
i ranged at tha school room by MlM
Hell, Vint, thxxitno snd others, for the
benefit of the nohnol JrliMf/is, waa ft
■rlocMPtl iucccas, and the promoters
Mr. J. E. Wilcox, who has been
working in. Canmore for a number of
months, is spending Christmas with
nis^family here.,   ' -     v    *
Mr. Gerald Gardiner was visiting in
town during the week.
•Mr. Comfort, of North Fork, was
able to leave the hospital today to
spend the holiday season at his home.
He was accompanied by his son, W.
Comfort, of Blairmore. .
The Public School closed on Friday
and' will re-open on Jan.-5 with two
new teachers, E. Blais taking the position of a third teacher. The school
will be under the control of the Government altogether,,who have appointed an official trustee from outside the
distriot to handle all business. .The
local trustees -will relinquish their, offices for the time being.
iM. J. J. Thomas is expected home
from Pocahontas, for Christmas holidays. •'-,'.''
-..Miss .Janet Steenei who has been
visiting hers for a" few_: months, left
for her home in Pocahontas on Saturday. ". ',     '""     .'.  -,.     .-, ''.  ;
A load of the .-local members of the
[Masonic Lodige journeyed to Hillcrest
on Sunday to attend" thefuneral of ,Mr.
JC£ankJl6se.ri "'■    ■'■^ '—~~
iMr. -Patera's horses' ran awayi coming down the.hilUback of the;hospital
one day- this week. They were scared
by: a piece' of-. cordwood falling from
the load; No harm-was'done.beyond
a scattered load of wood-. ,_ „ .''
•• Every prominent .Tock through the
slide' is again covered with large sale
bills. At best the slide is a death trap,
and all' should join in making it as
safe as ' possible,- but- when a horse
goes round) a corner suddenly and sees
one of those red bills itJs_to_be expected that he; will get scared.'; Those
who'have'authority to'do so" should
forbid: any'decorating of the road
through the slide.
iTho event of .the week was the appearance of Santa Clous'oh Tuesday
night.   The old, Miners' Hail was the
place, a tree well laden was prepared,
and several hundrea children.of ah
ages gathered at an early hour for
all   were   welcome.   The   commltteo
planned to give the'whole town a treat
or evory, child between 13 and 1 years
old.   At 8 o'clock Mr. Pattinson took
the chnlr and presided over ix program of tWrty Items giving almost
entirely byi the school children.   An
Interesting Item was that two school
boys, Bohemian, played oxcollontly on
the violin.  Tho boys welcomed Santa
in a genuine wny and ho ln turn handed each a st'ocklng well filled, with
dainties. About two hundred and fifty
ohlldron woro thus treated,   At the
close of tho evening's enjoyment the
■chlklron of tho school came forward
and .presented their past teacher, W.
T. Young, with a hnndsomo and elaborate gift.   'The commlttoo wish to
thank ull who In any wny. contributed
toward tho success of tho event.
Tlio hockey .boys havo rocolved thoir
now suits. iPurpIo nnd whlto nro tho
colorB this yonr,
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦;♦♦♦♦♦♦
*■ ♦
♦      BEAVER MINES NOTES ^   ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Since the mine here restarted three
weeks ago, she has worked regular so
far, but as the management were anxious to employ as many of their old
hands as possible, apparently they got
somewhat ahead of present orders,
and will have to shut down for a few
days: Of, course this will enable the
boys who indulge in Christmas cheer,
not wisely but well, to recoup their
.wasted energy before getting into harness again next Saturday morning.
After haying to wait for over a fortnight for .lumber, the carpenters commenced building operations last week
on the new -Beaver Hotel. Owing to
the weather being so open great headway was made with the. building,
which is now ready for roofing, and
had it not been- for the delay mentioned, that ,*much needed institution
would have been completed before the
end of the "present year..
Owing to the mail stage, which is
practically the only means of communication with the outside world, refusing to carry parcels in the form of
Ibotties of liqupr_oil-_kegs,Q£.beer,
Mr. Campbell McPherson paid a flying visit to Edson last week.       « • •
The -returns of the checkweighers'
ballot resulted in the re-election of
•Mr. Ben Chase by a big majority over
his onlyi opponent, Mr. Joseph Twist.
Glad to see you at the helm again,
Benny.
Preparations are ibeing speedily
made vfor the -installation of air motors in the mine here. It is likely that
one will be running in the main tunnel
before the end of January.
Mr. Thos. Morris, accompanied by
Mr. Geo. Bowyer, left to spend their
Xmas holidays with friends in the Old
Country.
"IMrs. Thos. 'Morris left for Edmonton
last week t'o visit her sister, uMrs.
David Gwilllam, who had been painfully injured by falling out of a carriage
while in the act of driving from town
to her residence.
Who was the person or .persons that
amputated part of the tail and mane
of the policeman's horse? iMust have
been some old brander out for a lark.
'Too bad t'o have the hen coops on
the townsite raided when there are so
many choice varieties of fowl for sale
in the company's store.
There will be a series of tournaments conducted in the local club'
rooms in the near future, consisting
of whist, checkers, crib and domino
games. A number of valuable1 prizes
will 'be given to the successful competitors. All those wishing to compete will submit their names, together
with the sum of fiftey cents for enrolment fee.
Mr; Joseph Twist paid a recent visit
to Edmonton, arriving back in the best
of cheer.
A happy-and prosperous New Year
to you all.
BLAIRMORE NOTES
A prosperous Noiy Yonr to nil.
Dr. D, Wiirnook, M. P., of Pincher
Oroolf, wus a visitor to Blalrmoro on
Frldny Inst,
J. A, MoDonnld, of tho South Fork,
spent ti fow days In town last wook
returning on Baturdny.
Au exhibition hockoy giinio was
plnyod on tho rink on Monday night
botweon .Blalrmoro and Coloman,
which was wltnossod by nn enthusiastic crowd, Aftor a most, oxeltlng
gnmo tho Colomnn boys returned
home winners by 3 to I.
Blalrmoro plays Its first lenmio
„»...v ni Vi tin it. uu uiriHtninii Dny,
inconvenience has -been experienced
in getting in the usual' Christmas
cheer. - " :
Victor Lord, hoist engineer, returned to work last week end1 after spending a week's holiday in Calgary.
■ tFpr the past few months our Local
meetings have been held on the first
and third Sundays in each month.
Last Sundiay, however, the. chairman
had to adjourn the meeting, as we had
not a quorum and therefore could not
transact business.
'Mr. Harry, Graham, of the livery
barn, Beaver, left here over a .week
ago. .From what we can learn the
business with which he was connected has been taken over by W. O. Sherwood, bf the saw mills, and E, Beaver^
of Label's store.
Dominic Cyr hns taken over the contract for supplying the cottages with
water and apparently Is giving good
satisfaction.
M. Torpy, is putting a new heating
furnace In the basement of tho Pioneer Hall in order to heat the pool
room anrti Plonoer Hall moro efficient-'
ly.   It was much needed, Mike.
About 10 o'clock forenoon, Tuesday,
the 23rd, Joo Kubasik, who was then
at work In tho mino, got a message to
say that,his baby boy was dying ln
Pincher Creok hospital, Unfortunately
the news proved truo, as. tho child died
that,same afternoon, A few weoks ago
llttlo J'osoph, who was apparently a
vory healthy baby, foil from his little
hammock und wns badly shaken, Since
thon ho has heen ailing and a ifow
days ago was tnkon to tho abovo
nnmml institution, whoro ho succumb-
od. 'Much sympathy Is folt for tho
parents, ns iio was their frBt baby..
Mr. Sam iMcVlcai; loft for tho
coast on Christmas ovo, whoro ho Intends spending a Bhort holiday.
Jack Prontlco, flro boss, of prlzo
poultry famo, ,wns tho proud 'possessor
of -IO fat turkoys which ho rnisod on
his homoHtond nbout a mllo south of
tho ml no, Jnclc found a I'omly snlo for
tlm birds lu tho cnmp, and thoy woro
votod to bo tho flncist spoclmons of
tliolr hind nml nlso In tho bust condition for tnblo purposes yot hood Jn
this district,
♦ COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
♦ " • ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The 'Methodist Sunday School entertainment and Christmas tree on Tuesday evening was a great success. The
drills', carols and recitations given by
the scholars under the leadership of
Mr. Chas. Tonks were much enjoyed
by the full house. The chair was ably
occupied by. the pastor in his usual
happy manner. About forty-five dollars worth of Christmas presents were
distributed among the scholars of tbe
school. Thos. Reid, the Sunday School
superintendent, and Thos. Hutchinson
(who-was the Santa Claus of the even-
-ing)-tookrcharge~6f"tire*tree and "gave
out the giftsj The Sunday School is
growing continually and now numbers
over one hundred. The greatest' lack
of the school is in the supply of teachers, but some very excellent workers
have come dn of late." ,
■ The' services in ' 'the Methodist,
Church next Sunday, will be In the
charge of Rev. C. G. Hannon, now of
Columbia Falls, Montana, formerly in
charge at Coal Creek. Mr. Hannon
having found his other half will give
good discourses on Sunday—better
than ever.
After the big supper has been served
ln the Methodist Church on Tuesday
night, a program will be rendered consisting of music by tho choir and a
short graphic lecture by the Rev. Mr.
Philp on the "Battle of Waterloo." Mr.
Philp has made a spocial study of this
great battle, Ho has read everything
available, gives a place of .the field,
the disposition of the forces and tho
leading events hour after hour In
proper suoceBsfoii. The speaker thinks
thnt this is one of the best things that
ho .has evor prepared and given.
Don't forget the Old Country dance
in the Eagles' Hall on Hogmanay
night, Dec. 31.
•The Sunday School children of St.
Alban's Anglican Church? gave an
operetta in the Coleman Opera House
on Tuesday, Dec. 23, entitled "Round
the World with Santa Claus." The
children, who had been under the tuition bf Mrs. Disney, Mr. M. E. Graham, Mrs. Davis and the-Rev. Watkins
Jones, went through a varied and entertaining program and every number
was a credit to pupils and teachers:
David Davis, who was injured in a
cross cut while on a tour of inspection
with the Investigation committee some
time ago, has resumed work again as
pitt boss in the International Coil
Company's mine.
On Xmas eve, the Order of Owls,
No. 1845, held a social and dance in
the Eagles' Hall, when about fifty
couples assembled1 to celebrate the
first of many such gatherings. The
officials of the Order left no stone
unturned to make this a success. After the children had been provided
with .fruits and candies,' the chairman,
Mr/ Jack Johnston, gave aovery good
account of the Order, After the chairman finis-hed his speech, dancing was
indulged in until the wee sma' 'oors
of the morning^
There.were united in the holy bonds
of ^matrimony at the Catholic Church
,Mr. William Cowan and Miss Katie
Tracey, on Xmas eve. After the
wedding a reception was held in the
Coleman Opera House, Mr. and Mrs.
David Gillespie receiving the guests.
'Bellevue Hockey Club were visitors
in Coleman on Xmas day and„engaged
the local team in a fast game'of hockey, Coleman winning hands down to
the tune of 5 to 2. Gresack was the
star of the teams.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ Coleman   Local   Union   Notes   ♦
♦ MICHEL NOTES ♦
♦ ' ■♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
-We regret to announce, the death
of Mrs. 'William Talbot, which iooK
place in Vancouver. She left Michel
about four mouths ago to^ioin her
husband*. We wish to cSnftey our
deepest sympathy to him. in his sad
bereavement.
George Gregory and .Miss Dreda
Newman left on Wednesday morning's local for Corbin to join Francis
Newman to play* for a dance.
The dance in Crahan's Hall Christmas eve on the new floor was appreciated muchly,- everybody enjoying it,
but oh! the home sweet home waltz so
soon.
'Mr. Tom Jenkinson, Mrs.. T. Spruston and Tom junior arrived in town
from tho coast to spend their, Christmas at home.
The notices were put out for the
attended to. They were give out by
Superintendent Caufield, J. Dawe,
Mark Gaskell, Wm. Bunker,   The chil-
LYRIC
THEATRE
Bellevue
/a.
The regular meeting was held on
.Sunday,'1 Dec. 21, and I have to report
that the meetings are getting somewhat better attended. The minutes of
the previous meeting were read ancl
adopted.,
The correspondence was passed and
was brought up for discussion.
After the regular business of the
Local was_gone_through,«rY-ice---Presi-
Wilh fiGxv scenery being
painted, watch for the first
announcement of our coming
vaudeville show.
We show pictures that
make you want to come
again.
LYRIC THEATRE CO.
-C: W JOHNSTON,
dren were all smiles. We wish to '
thank Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Wilson,
general manager, for their esteemed
kindness, wishing them, the compliments of the season and a joyful New
Year.
Realty Go.
INSURANCE   AGENTS
Now is  the time
for protection
You cannot afford
to lose when we
can  protect   you
Agents for Oliver Typewriter
Co. . Machines at 17 cents per
day.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦
♦ v ♦
♦ COLEMAN  NOTE8 ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
POCAHONTAS NOTES
Dull times hnvn tignln visited thiH
cnmp, tho mine only working nbout
three dnys por wonk. Hope Iho chining Now Yonr will soo n chnngo for
tho hotter.
Grout preparations nre lminn; mndn
Tho Oj»rrn .TTou.ic. was civhJuii ou ior tho Xmus truo, concert nnd dnnco
8atur«tay night when the Blalrmoro on Xmas eye. Quito n troupe ot local
Brass Band gavo thoir concert
Coroner Plnknoy was summonod to
Ulllcroat on Wodnosdny Inst to hold
nn Inquest to enquire Into th» denth
y Mn. wary MtneJr, who was found
dond In hor homo, ij A great doal of
royatory awmed to surround tha snd
oocurronco, but aftor a post mortom
ojtnmlnftUon held by Dr. now, It wfti
found thnt she hnd dlod from collapse,
Interment took place at tho Hlllcrest
cemetery on Thursdny nftornoon.
Bovorol -Chlnnmon wero brouuht up
bflforo «r. W. Qrcaham at the It. N. W.
it, AP. ^arrack* bn ^Vednoidny lust
charged with causing a disturbance on
Victoria *troet, and after paying n
small fine ns » guitrantso to keep tho
ponce thoy wore dismissed.
Tho Dsvld HAnim Company wore
well rut-olvbt) «t tho Opem House on
Tuosday night by an exceptionally
tnlont hns been secured to participate
In the concert and .ti'rood, tlmo Is as*
surod to all attending,
fThr-ro w.lll'tm » :h;icc ,,1*4*. *i* tl»«
school rooms otij Now Year's ovo. Everybody Invited to attend*,
Mr, Sam ■Chosney 16ft Inst week for
it visit to IMmonton to undorgo « don-
tnl orpbrotlon. Mr. Chcunoy will ho
back to spend his Xmas holidays In
Scamp. ■"
Tho boys aro all busy thoso dnys
securing their Xmns hsmpnrs. Almnify
tho camp presents nn animated appearance ond some j|who hniio boon n
Uttto'prematura In securing their liquid refreshments have many regrets
to offer,
Mr. ftavld Steve went to'lMmonton
Inst woolt to mutt hln sinter, Mlsa Jwi-
ny, whb Is returning from a visit to
tho Crow's Nost Pass,
Mr. and Mrs. William Whlto, of
Wost Coleman, had tho mlflfortuno to
loso ono of thoir chilflron last wood,
a bright llttlo follow of four or five
summers, It nppoars that tho boy had
oaten something unknown to his mo
thor nnd tho rosult was ptomnlivo
poisoning set In from which ho dlod
nftor a Bhort Illness. Tho Informant
took place on Saturday tlio 20th.
Tho ohlldron nitlonding tho Sunday
Rohool of tho Institutional Church hurt
their Xmns gifts presented to thorn
in tho school room adjoining the
Church on Friday night, tho 10th.
Mrs, William Thompson, who hns
'hnoii conflnod to hospital for somo
tlmo, loft thni Institution on Mondny
for hor own homn, Mrs. Thompson Is
loud In hor prnlsn nt tho trentmoiit
glvon hor whilo In llie hands of Nursn
Slnithors andWoCornincU In the Min-
CU'H' UOHPltftl.
•Miss v.. il. Welsh, hook koopor ln
tho -11 Mont Market, Coloman, loavoa
on Wednesday night's pnHsongor to
upend,1 Xmns with hor parents at thoir
homo, in Lundbrnok,
Wllllnm (Irnhnin, Vice Prosldont of
DlBtrlct 18, loft on Tuendny morning's
pnHsongor to spond Xmns nnd Now
Ymir'n day with his wlfo and family
at Arrow Lako.
Suv •..utviiiiiu noL'Key Club Journeyed tn 'Phli-mr-iT o:* Mo;.'d.«j ttihlii, i)*iti,
22, nnd ongngr-d the locals In n very
fast exhibition gamo of hockoy, tho
first gnmo of tho season, i'Thofollow-
Ing Is tho Coleman  toam:   Harry
Holmes, goal! Jack WUIInms. point'
C. H. Stltt, cover point; Alex, Ores-
sack, rover; Charlie Graham, contro;
Sam Hatftold, left wing; Wllllnm Hog-
gnn, fight wing. With very llttlo tlmo
to go and after some glvo' and tak«i
plsy had takon placo, Will Hoggan
manoeuvred round tho nialrmnrn tr-wii
aad rcglstorcnl. Coloman ran out win-
no'J, of a good gamo by three Rbala to
one.  With a Hutu woro practice and
confidence Colomnn ought to havo no
trouble In heading tho longuo for another season.
"dent Graham addressed the meeting
dealing with several knotty problems
in the District, Since Vice President
Graham was elected to this position
he seems to be gathering' confidence
in himself. The -way in which he addressed the. meeting on Sunday afternoon surprised everyone present, even
himself,''
:Some cases ofcompensation which
have Ibeen under consideration for
some time were brought up and received attention.
The members of Local 20.13 U. M,
W. of A. voted a holiday on Friday
the 26th, whon a special meeting will
be held at 2 :p.m. to discuss' somo important questions.
W. A. Nicholson, a quartz miner,
who had the misfortune to loose tho
sight of both eyes in, an explosion
some six or seven yenrs ngo4 was present at 'our meeting, Mr. Nicholson
addvossed' tho meotlng dealing with
his misfortune and helplessness in
not being ablo to fight the battle for
existence. Aftor Mr. Nicholson had
■concluded his speech, the Locnl granted him tho sum of $2.", for which he
thanked them very kindly.
The Sick and Accident Benefit was
again up for discussion and according
to tho resolution of the bnllot on Dec.
0 a commltteo wns appointed to draw
up a constitution and rules for the
approval of tho Locnl, Tho following
brothers wero then nppolntod by tho
Prosldont .1. It. Mooro: Hrothors Hay-
son, Morgan, Fraser, McCulloch, Dren-
nou nnd Smith.
A collection wns tnken up on behalf
ofMrs. Jamos Kilgannon on pay day.
It Ib expected that about $100 will bn
handed over .to hor iih ii Xiiiiih gift
for horsolf nnd children. Mr, Kilgannon has boon out of work for about
two yonrs now,
BRISCO S'
For
New Year Shopping
Nothing is more appreciated than a sensible present,
something of somo use.    Our stock is complete in
Sweaters, Ties, Underwear, Shirts,
Shoes, Rubbers, Clothing, Caps
and many other nrticlca that make good Xmns gifts, and
Remember our goods nro still under the hammer and prices
nnd many other articles that  mako  good Xmns  gifts.
Open every night also, Wednesday afternoon, until'
Christmas,.
*
W*
JiA
J1*" I
Michel Local Union Notes
Known this month as tho Bar-gain Storo
BLAIRMORE        -        ALTA.
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." SMI
1 ?$*m
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■ •■•'') Ml
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■ 'ATXifc
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■"■<■ .',?«%*"
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'.'.'f$*ft
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/?
Allien/ Morn wnifhi, cure* Midi, ind bt*|i   '' r'1 '*'
tliff V-.torl i-J 1'iflfs,        a        't        S3 c«l)t». I 12,
The meet lug Inst Biindny wns woll
nttendoil, although room for morn. A
lcmithy dlsciiKslon took plneo with tlio
minors working In the hpiuii called
■No, 8 North, by thn conl compnny.
Tho men old Ini that It Ih No. 7 Hcnm
which, If proved to ho so, innniiH f>
cents pur ton innrn tn tlio contract
minor ns per ngroeir.ont, A motion
wns put nnd uiinnlriiniiHly rnrrlnl that
.thn mnttnr ho placed In Uie lunula of
tho District prosldont,
Tho audit of the Hick Ikmcflt Club
«'-l"     "I-T.-A     '■;      1,\.     £,..'„,„     ,,uu    .lllllll
Coolirano, nnd ncr-pptrvl hy tlu l.ovA
A notico nf motion wiih put to n-
consldor Clnuso H lu tho Sir-It llenoflt
T»y-lft\VH to bo dealt*with*noxt Sunday.
Tho colloctron thnt wns tnken up
at tho pay office hv John Vwmnn inti
Ui© secretary on bohnlf of N'lekolson,
ono of tho Wostorn Fedoratloli miners
who had tho miBfortunn to 1oono both
oyo«  by k  mlnshot nt  droornvnod,
amounted to $58,10.   Thoy wish to
thank all who oontrlbuM. this bolng
a very needy causo,
I romnrkod In.* last ■ week's' issuo
about the hooting of th« hnll ror the
Looal mooting*, A man was Appointed Inst Sunday for lhat purpose' No
more cold fret, J>oy*.
"'I'hio ("ioTtltni for two fhci-kwolfih-
men took placo on Monday last, tho
resqlt bo]ok as follows; John .Marsh,
Ml; RMi.'in! Tonc.i. 112; 'P-»t« U.»W«»-
*l, 65; John Nnwmnn, U; Harry Ore-
Hon Hull, ni; m>oi!od votes,
^
F. M. Thompson Go.
••The Quality Store"
PHONE US YOUR XMAS ORDER
The best of Christmas Cakes and Plum
Puddings can only be made from the best
of ingredients
Wc have just rcccivcU a bhipment of
Peels, Nuts, Dates and Figs
of the vory choicest quality
For yonr Xmas tabic wc cau supply you
with Jap and Navel Oranges, Bananas, choice
Ontario or Okanagan Valley Apples
Next week we will have Chestnuts. Ripe
Tomatoes, Lettuce, Celery, Cucumber and
Parsley.
i
Don't delay until it is too lato
0RDBR NOW
U'l*'
wn
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY
Phone 25       Victoria St.        Blairmore, Alta.
X'*'
A .f"
X ■<
XA
•m.
,*¥|
t* tAAj*i|
J
$fl
j 9!i&&^iW&\2^3S'iX&i''l*-Ar:ttZZ
terns****
,^,.iS "L -CC-ftS*-
tf30
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERJtl^, B. C, DECEMBER 27, 18;3.
Directory of Fraternal J
Societies
SCIENCE AND
SOCIALISM
W,r*
'm%
.%*--"v
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every. Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS -
Meet at Aiello's - Hall second and third " Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary..
Fern-ie, Box 657.'
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. in, their own Hall, Victoria Avenue,
C. C, G .Barton.
K. of It. S„ Chas. Buhrer.
M. of F„ Robt. Dudley.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meet  every  Monday  at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
"Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, W. F. Vance.
"By Marx Lewis
Read beforo tho Marx-DIetzgen Class,
November 1, 1913
Mr. J. Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
Specialist in  Tuning
& Pianola Works
Vocal Training
Apply for .terms to
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St.
y®
¥
Xmas
J. D. Quail
Wishes
His Patrons,
and Friend &
A Merry
\   Christmas
and
Ha<p<py
New Year  ,
(Continued from last week.)
Although   Marx  had  prudently  refrained from formulating any detailed scheme of the coming social order,
his materialistic theory of history, as
well as the theory he later developed
on surplus value, leads up to the conception of the succeeding social form
of organization.    For having pointed
out that the tendency of the instruments of production and distribution
is toward complexity and concentration, and that the growth from individual production to our present form
of collective production is accompanied by a concomitant growth from individuality  to  collectivity and co-operation In our activities, we can deduce from  it and  prophesy,  with  a
reasonable degree of certainty,  thut
the economic system, socialized, as 's
its inevitable tendency, the social life
and activities will attain to a higher
degree', restiltlng. in social equality.
Another -feature of the materialistic
conception of hfstory is the theory of
class   struggles,   which   has   always
formed   the   history  of   society,  and
exists  under a different form in the
present economic system.   It has its
roots in the surplus-value theory in
our present system of production.   In
substance   it  is   this:   Marx  demonstrates conclusively that the value of
a  commodity  is  determined  by  the
labor spent in "its production..   This
being  his  thesis,  he  further argues
that the value being only the labor
contained   in  its  production,  or  the
commodity  being  nothing more nor
less than materialized labor, it follows
that the commodity should be owned
exclusively  by the laborer, who   ex-,
pended a certain amount of brain muscle and energy, i.e., .labor power in
.producing it.   Since, however, the capitalist, the owner of the means of production, does withhold a share of the
■commodity, therein consisting his profits, the laborer is forced to accept as
wages only part of his labor.   We see,
therefore, that, profits are crystallised
labor, withheld from the laborer as a
tax .for the permission of operating the
machinery obtained by him through a
process   of   historical   expropriation.
The. class struggle, in its present form,
enters into the arena at this stage of
the process.   At one end of the pole
■we -have the ceaseless appropriation
and accumulation of surplus value, i.e.,
unpaid "labor,   rapidly "increasing,  as
■wealth, which carries with it all the
powers of social forces; ''the state and
■its - subordinate powers, practical  re-
Jigion. etc.;. on the other end of this
  9
good share here; it really seems as if
the substitution of collective for individual ownership would be a reversion toward primitive communism.
But at this point enters a law of
•science, ,the low of apparent retrogression, which forms a basic principle in sociology. Ferri, the famous
Italian Socialist and criminologist, enters deeply into a study of this law.
A brief glimpse of it is only possible
here.
It has been' argued as far back as
1881, and has since been a potent factor in scientific study, that there is a
reversion, apparently, to the primitive
t-orms that is visible in many social
manifestations. --When we look into
some of the manifested tendencies of
our times this fact forms an essential
tendency of development and an element of progress. Let me cite a few
instances of this law of apparent retrogression.
In religion, we find an admirable instance of this tendency, for, whiio the
essence of religion is the attainment
of material and spiritual happiness,
we find that the relationship of this
happiness to mankind has undergone
a change toward its primitive forms.
Wo know that in primitive religion
the object and aim was toward happiness on earth, during man's life here.
The religious beliefs following therefrom substituted for the primitive
type happiness after death. Gradually this conception of happiness gave
way, until now tlie prevailing idea is
the primitive idea of happiness bn
earth, though this conception does not
reign absolutely. ,
Spencer brings an instance of apparent reversion. In his "Principles
of Sociology" he points out that in'
the primitive stage of society's, development the will of all was the
sovereign and dominant element
which gave way,"passing through various phases to individuality. From this
state of individuality the individuals
passed into a small collectivity, such
as tribes, and now we are tending toward collectivity, iwherein the will of
all will again be sovereign. This can
be witnessed at present in the gradual
enforcement of the initiative, referendum and popular election; product
of social'initiative.
In the marital relationships a similar reversion has taken place. Primitive ties of marriage' were easily dissolved. With the growth of the theological conception grew the belief of
an unbreakable 'bond. This latter idea
is beginning to- crumble, as it is
speedily being recognized that the
marriage should :be dissolved upon
desire of either party, as the steady
facilitation in divorce proceedings is
beginning to show'.        -   ■
S3.50  RECIPE FREE
For Weak Men
to
i fW
MP-
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have It Free and
Be Strong and Vigorous
Wo have In our po»ne«i(iton a pra.**
acrlptlnn for nervous debility, lack of
vlKor, wiiftkunoil manhood, failing
■polar expression we have the laborer,
who receives, or rather retains, a portion of his product, sufficient to keep
him in working order and perpetuation
of the species, growing evermore enslaved and degraded. The gulfti between tbe'two'composing elements of
society, capitalist and .wage worker,
becomes ever wider; the distinction
between\the two -clearer. This can be
best expressed by quoting from Chapter 32, Volume 1, of Marx's "Capital":
"Along with the constantly diminishing number of the magnates of capital, who usurp and monopolize all
advantages of this .process 'of transformation, grows the mass of misery,
oppression, slavery, degradation, exploitation; but with these, too, grows
th'e revolt of the working class, a
clnss always Increasing in numbers
■and disciplined, united, organized by
the very mechanism of the process
of capitalistic production Itself. The
monopoly of capital bocomes a fetter
upon the mode of production, ■which
hns sprung"up nnd flourished nlong
; with and under it. Centralization of
i thn menns of production nnd socialisation of labor, nt, Inst reach a point
! whoro Uioy bocomo Incompatible wilh
their capltnllst Internment. The In-
tegument Ir burst asunder. Tho knoll
! of onpitnllst private proporty sounds."
I Let ub now Htim up tho third part.
-, of tho subject:
'    Rnlotirio    Socialism,    through    Its
first nnd ablest exponent, Mnrx, holds
that change is the nucleus of human
JHoclcty. To quota Tlogel npnln, "Noth-
, Ini? is; ovorvthlnt? Is becoming," Also
l that this coimtrint chnnotlnir tends toward •hotoroironeity. toward complexity, subordination of tho Individual to
tho collectivity and co-oiiorntlou, Tho
prosont Ir to bo Riiporflndwl  hy tho
futuro, with tho tendon-clou Jiwt. mon-
tlonnd, striving toward Socialism, Tho
chango Ih tho result of tho ndvanco-
! mont In tho modo of production,
Wo havo now nrrlvod nt tho fourth
nnd coiicliidliiK part of our prearranged formula: Tho scientific objection to
Soclallom. Thoro nro somo that nro
worthy of our most sorlous attention,
for thoy touch vital problems. Thoro
nro qulto » fow that deserve consider-
ntion, but duo to the short tlmo available,, wa will confine ourselves only to
two, which wo will subdivide Into A
and B: A—the law of apparent retrogression; II—natural selection vb, Socialism.
A. It has boon arftuoil fluently
by those scientists who, when forced
by tho vast array of facts to an.
' Other instances from the literary"
domains,'.property rights, and criminal
conditions or , punishment could be
brought to further prove this law of
apparent retrogression, but they will
only take up our time, since this law
is quite evident throughout. Let us
therefore draw our conclusions.
We can conclude best in the words
bf '11. Loria; "The thought and, life
■of primitive mankind are formed and
directed through the natural environment along the simplest' and most
fundamental lines; but with the progress of Intelligence and the complexity of life, brought on by evolution,
gives up the development of the pri-
they are the result of physical and
mental .debilities of the weaker, or the
physical and mental capabilities of the
stronger; ■ in the economic struggle,
one class, the capitalist class, always
procures part of the. opposing class,
the working class,-to help^them in subduing the working class, thereby gaining the supremacy over the working
class. But- we can narrow down our
point to a manifestation prevalent in
both the organic and the inorganic
worlds;   Parasitism.'
In the economic struggle for existence   two   classes   participate — the
working class and the capitalist class.
We also know that the latter exists
parasitically upon its  host,  the for-
, mer.    Moreover, we oaa conceive of
the existence of the capitalist disss,
only then, when there is a working
class, upon whom it preys.   The same
condition is latent in the animal struggle.    One has  pointed out that the
fly exists upon the existence of the
horse,    without   which    the   former
would   be   impossible in life.   In the
same sense as it is Impossible that
the fly, or parasite! is stronger than
the horse upon whom it preys, nnd
who is its host, so ,in the economic
struggle the capitalist, as a parasite,
is not stronger than the worker upon
whom he-preys,    A look at the material objects themselves abundantly
I substantiates It.   Who would venture
to say that the capitalists, who are
victorious in the struggle, are primarily stronger than the defeated worker?    Though  eventually, due  to the
miserable conditions forced upon him,
he may become degraded and weaker.
The inequalities ln the economic struggle are not due .to the inate or natural
capabilities or debilities of the participants, but rather to those who therefore offer no resistance, no attempt at
mitigation.
Socialism, then, is in contradiction
with the'Darwinian theory, argue the^
scientists. Instead of realizing the inevitability of this struggle, the natural
forces behind it, and commending it,
scientific Socialism proposes to do
away with the struggle, condemns it
as unnecessary, and inconceivable in
the coming social order; even at present Socialism attempts to mitigate it,
in aiding the weaker in .their struggle
with the stronger.
This contradiction seems to be a
verity. It would undoubtedly be a
fact, the conclusion would be true,
were we to grant its premise, the
fundamental actuality. But the" error
lies in the contention that the organic
w'orld presents the same phases in its
development as does, the . inorganic
world. Therein lies the error. When
we see the differences of the two
■phases, we see the falsity of the objection to Socialism.
A minor difference presents itself
in the study of the organic and inorganic world in this form: In the organic world the struggle for life is confined between two different sects of
the species; that'is, between individuals of different component parts of
the species. In the inorganic world,
however, the struggles centre between
now, as in,the future, tt." ■*. .
cause for doubt of the^"-." **>JM"
man and' progress will ****&* that
which we prophesy an lv?a«ouf «• for
physical struggle. . ^ectual,-not
' In tbe preceding lint ,
sented but fragments £* A, v?re"
To do more'tban fluff *w? subject,
allotted is an impossir„Jf thTe "me
however, "that it will sui,)tJ\ l ho^'
a glimpse of ■ the '.intS* ° *****
science and  Socialism^1*"0118 ±hat
also tO' conceive that^
former to its marvel^,
are led into and throi
of the latter.   -When
manifest, and
.to study the
led into and thnraS? '^}ts ws
%h the domains
interdependence.of th:'e+ real5ze this'
renew, with greater v? tw0' we wiU
ganda of Socialism, aC°r' *?*'pr°pa"
and inevitable trium^.re 0£,!ts .«nal
York Call.' >h.-The   New
^-**
"P^..:
■"■Xs.
9- I***"      .1*       ^t^"
7«r±A
A PRESSING F\
ROBLEM
V
lllll Ml,-,
S3-SRH
w
3&*
For several months ,.
.... ,   'he presence of
a nation-wide unemplov „   ■  ,.
been brought home to\f f ?blem has
izations throughout th,the labor "Jf"1"
every effort has bee?1coun*r>VV,l °
press and the employ?, mad? h/ lhe
ceal the true conditio^ ,cla*s tto c-on"
der the belief that go«fi ?/ affalrs; ,un;
times are caused by J U»eB and bad
lack of confidence, af^°nflfencc or a
ed a .stage where ooSr8,hav8» ?ach*
longer possible.        Raiment ^no
Samuel  UntermeytL.   .,       ... . ,
qulsitor of  the mon*' 11Q ?llief, lu-
activity in'the cong£ .tnis,t', whof?
gation indicated thave",onal l™^
Ar.r.r.^A^rt     .,„,*.„     ll„      ->      "16      COmmlttCC
depended upon him v„ u ,
*„t,™ „„.™ ,„i,i„i, nt0 bring the ev -
dence upon which tk„ .     .,   ,   ,, .
' i.     X        l     ^o trusts Indictment was to rest, no.,,, „    , ',   ,
v.„ to o-^ofi-,, nrtAnjiTx- confesses that
he is greatly concern- . ,   , ,.       , .
ndn^lfoltowln^JJJX^
tigation and exposur^M       Au ,
by which the great*5 of th<3 methoda
m
<o
filling
exploited the public.
capitalists have
drifting   into   indus£ ar.e' he says'
" trial   depression,
Are
 pest
by the Box
How you smack your Ups over the delicious tang of a
golden "Sunkist" orangel   Breakfast would be a blank   -
W1"Sunkist" aro tho finest selected oranges grown.   Seedless,
tree-rlpened, thin-skinned, fibretaw.    Picked, wrapped}a tissuo
paper, and packed by gloved banas.   Cleanest of all fruits.
"Sunkist" Lemons on Fish and Meats
"Sunkist" lemons are the finest fruit selected from tho
best lemon groves of California. Mostly seedless. Juicier-
more economical—than other lemons.
"Sunkist" Orange Spoon
Guaranteed Roger* A-l Standard Silver plate.    Rlcta„
heavy. Excluslve'*Sunkist" pattern. 27 different premiums.
For this orange spoon send 12 trademarks cut trom
"Sunkist" orange or lemon wrappers and 12 cents.    Rea
Ball'-orange and lemon wrappers count same as  Sunkist.
In remitting, send all amounts of 20 cents or over by postal
note, postoffice or express money order. . -
Send your name for our complete free "Sunkist" premium
circular and Premium Club Plan.
individuals of the same order, ibetween
man and man!' But this difference is
of minor importance.
What is a m'ore fundamental difference, characteristic of this conflict in
each of the two different orders is
tbe fact that in the animal struggle
tbe individuals procure the "weapons
they use from among them, while
they are stronger or 'weaker , in an
evil environment.
Another important factor which is
deserving of consideration is the fact
of the number 'of those born Into this
world, a greater proportion survives
as the development Is attaining any
ever .greater -state.   When we reason
which   will   end   u.^„ .       .        ,
checked by propitiafif °usly - ess
„„,* „t,.i„^ m,-™, n *^S the exploiters
and giving them a ^ h,and>
avLtTnTgrowTiig^^11^ then? ls
ed.-  Capitalism, wl>* °'un«m»l0J-
the exploitation of ^.1S 'baf e.d u»?n
*, .      . _    labor, strips the
workers when indusy„ .' ".Jv °
,--'., ,    .try is active and
leaves them empty \AA  .    X
trr.tr. „-„ „i„t*^o^» J-anded ivheo markets are glutted^ ^
organizes and inter^ e
ery of production. ,
Milwaukee hasits.,„       .-    ,      ,
lem.   Detroit has- its   ^mployed problem.' Chicago and p^mployed prob-
tle and San Prancisff8Ju.revRnd ^
..,.,,       So and New York
reveal identical cond^..
The situation with „,.. .'
, „     . which, as a peo
ple, we are confronts ,     . ',,       * ,.
■•^ .-«*<.££& £
ostrich policy of evi.„.      . „  ,
j-i.- mi •    <•„ „t.^si°n has availed
nothing.    This  fact
such a recognized y ^
and industrial lntere;...."    -       -,.,     "
Tribune, Which Bay^s as the Chicago
.so^neTM1 und!,r? please °ft the'
,     it •    h. Wymg conditions,
meaning by this thk*. X ,     "   "-.   '
of wealth is enormjatht? f^ion
is fairly active, t]ia>,that_ business
overextended'. But' f tarprise 1S' ?<*
,i„( „„„«j„„,;:„ j„ 'he fact remains
that 'Confidence  is  -.    ..,• ,
v__,„_iin,_j_j-,rT! sttodiljrjBSk^
lngrcapuai-isranxifc—-r-- -
Reduced prices at your
dealer'aorf'SUNKlST"
Oranges by the box or
half-box.      ■
Address all orders for premium
silverware and all correspondence to.
CALIFORNIA FRUIT. GROWERS EXCHANGE
105 King St., East, cor. Ctarcb, Toronto, Oot
EJEIEtii!JS!3ISfi^^
I
Fresh  Killed Meat at
Market Prices
ciple elements contained In tbo first from the vegetable and animal worlds
genus of each institution; this analyit-1 to tho higher types, as man, .we find
ical development Is often, when once the percentage of the perished de-
finished, detrimental to each one of creased with the development,, This
its elements; humanity Itself arrived factor, thon, Ib destined,'at the pre-
at a cortaln .stage of evolution, recon sent rate of decrease in tho perished,
structs and combines In a final 'syn- to disappear In a comparatively short
thesis * these different elements, and' time.
thus returns to Its primitive starting J Wo aro forced to the conclusion
point." r,       that the objection to Socialism In the
We see,, therefore, that this rever- name of science is false, built aB it Is
bIoii Is only apparent; It does not oc- upon an erroneous hnsls. Wo are
cur as n simple repetition of the pri- forced to agree, by facts, that this
mnry type.   Iu Its advanced form, the | atrugglo is not a natural struggle, and
uncertainty is slowl>oand .reluctant,
than disappearing, 'deepening rather
portant directions ifod inf somo im"
tion to say that a l* n.&t "agger*.
han(j „ critical point is- at
What cTo captains ., .. , , >-
dustrv Tironose to d f finance and Industry propose to a^   b
are the managers Ob ..       . . °*
tern as well as itsf £f «tatingjij*
claries. principal benefl-
iOne   of   the   ab^.,., . ., ,
ery of product ion ^.!t t£e™°«n"
shall not completely and, «Btrlbntto«
even when it shall £^do™rtha*
lapsed, the'bulk of1 av" palUally ,°°n
- not suffer for the ■the ,workeps &Ua11
OUR SAUSAGES
The Talk of the Town Try 'eml 5c Ib
Our Meat comes, direct-from the Ranch to you-anJ/
•*~r~.—;——r—is-not-Frbzen-or-Preserved--^ HM—i
I jf.IK. DAVIDSON   prwrietor
j   Next door to DeBurle & Birkbeck, Tailors
[j-MPJSfiMSIiM^
and the swollen a>e»Ba'1„eB « llf°J
be driven through ^Lvi ? IB
peration.' starvation to dos-
'Every
workors
crisis
their
\lotSB  horae  to  tll°
They realize that fc^?llfiTndwJ
„.,.i c..«^,i„.v r.mn „}"*" Independence •
andfrcodomare,?>ty phrases, They1
know that their un
fortunate situation
t.„-., _  memory nml lama buck, UroiiKlit on l>y ex*
ceiffca, unnntviral (tralin, or thn follieo
of voutli. tlmt lino cured no mnny worn
una nui'voun men rlKht I" tholv own
homtm—without any additional help ir
mortlclne—that  we  think   ovory   man
who wUlveo to r»imlu hi* manly pownr!   *. '""  »L'"V-,'""■'",,       , .
virility, qulekly and qulotly'ohouhl nuie»co that Socialism docs conform
Hn wJ! hav« dotnrmlneil tn | lo Alio law of ovolutldn, and, desirous
of maintaining tfielr antl-SociaiiBtlc
po**it<oii,  -enii-eavuc Co inniUf
m
nnd
linvn n (-I1TIV
Horul a copy ot ido |ir«i*tii|<iiui> it**,
'■Xinritt., In n ulnln, nrfltnitrv (taali'd en»
vulopo tu uny man wim vitu w(U«s i.»
'iir It.
Thl* prnacrlptlon comei from a phy-
uUn wl.o htin rr.in!* h *j>««f«l *t*i,i<xy «f
*-.i*n, onrt  wp am convlnepd It U tho
><«rfliit-n<*tlnir romlilnntlon for the euro
1 f Ooriolont manhood and vigor fall!|ir«
■■   .   ,t   If iri.llur.
Wt, think we owo It to our fallow
' '"i to npnd thorn a copy In confldrnc*
• tut ony man anywhere who In wehk
.1 <UHrournK«d with ropnawd falhir«o
■ -iy itiop drufftrlnft lilinnolf with lihrm*
. . puii-iii fiii'dlclnoa, nociirfi what W«
•( vi- la ttio -fiuli-kcsl-nftlnR' rcmora-
'.   . uM.ulIdlnB.8r,aT-TOUCHmOr«m.
I- • vi-r (ievln-fd, «nrt «o euro tilm«-»lf at
i. r.,.. oniotiv ond ouloUly, Just drop ua
.. ... •■ iiki- th!*, iiit>i«uui Uemtil/ C«.,
<'••? I.uck nutldlnir. Dotrolt, Mich,, and
■■• win «#>nil you a copy of thia apl*n»
... ■•.->iii« lu a ptalu ordinary ctn-cl-ip*
ini. cf iiuifKi., a Kt'di many doftf»r»
M'.i.M eharnn H.oo to %lM for mtrfely
•.fiiin« oui a prcmrlptlon llko thia—
, -i u« atni tt «lJrt.ly Ire*.
reversion ls In reality ix reconstruction
of all the desirable and progressive
elements that tlio thousands of years
of oxporlonco havo taught tho hu'mnn
raco tho nocosBltyof , nnd lt preservod
and embodied In the higher dovelopod
■stages. Tho road of ovolutlon dons
not m'ovo in a cycle, but, aR Gootho
Hiiys, rather like a spiral which Booms
to return upon Hnclf, but which nl-
wnya advances nnd nsconds.
N'ow to our final division, IJ,
■Xutiirnl selection vorBUR aoclallsm:
Anothor cuutuiitlou buhliul which
BPlontlHtfl, In thoir opposition to So-
clallsm, conconl thnmHolvoB is tho
Dnrwlnlnn theory of natural Boloetion,
Unllko tho provIoiiH contontion donlt
with abovo, thin objection does not
poBBCBH, upon oxnnilnntlonwtho Kmin
of truth ovidonced in tho other.
Tho Darwinian thoory nasortu tlint
tho quantity of food available Is In-
■sufficient toward tho Bfltonanco of all
organic beings born Into IIiIh world,
Thin Inadequacy of food compnl»
thorn, for thlor proHorvutlon, to BtruB-
glo between thomoolvos for tho socur-
Ingof thd food necessary to thoir nourishment and sustenance. In this
struggle tho weakor beings succumb
whilo tho stronger beings secure sufficient food and survive. In othor
words, "Many aro callod but fow aro
choBon." Tho spoclos, therefore, Is
composed only of the ablest and fltlput
Individuals, growing ovor abler toward portoction. vpon «<«***» pk-hiibv.
■ul Ihv auhaa-i   worhl,   \\iv  wlrntWn
*«Ive* behind th<> objoct'lon thnl, whilo' hasten   to   Uio  conclusion  that  tho
Socialism In Its Ronoral form Is in
accordance with ovolutlon, tho sub-
ordlnato principle, or rathnr its prac
samo law governs the human world;
that Is, men have for centuries been
engaged In fi struggle for the pcrpctu
tt^i  form*  lo   toStorMfO ownmhln, I atlon of life. » ««ruR«ri«> In vWh tl.*v
UtOOtR AD 18 A GOOD INVK&T-
MCNT
Is In absolute contmdlctlon io the thoory of ovolutlon. Theso scientists
base their contention on the prlncl-
pio that tho substitution of collective
for Individual ownership would bo
evolving rotrogresslvoly, for, they con-
trad, aoclal evolution ha» progressed
from tho collective form of land ownership, -existing in the primitive stages
of aocioty's development, and tnrre-
foro to inaugurate collective owner-
*blp wwild bo * reversion to barbarism,
Use-emu that Spencer's contention
Hal ibtto «tltU a rthIjs of traih In
itll thintto i»rron«uis come* In tor a
aro atlll ongagofl, as tbe present <*m
petltlvo ora proves. In this stmwle,
contend the scientists, the victory, «*
In tho animal world, falls to the
stronger, while the weaker parish.
From this,lt follows thnt the struggle
inow going on Is deslatied bv n*turt»
that,tho timo ls not far distant when
this will be demonstrated, also that
man Is to pluy an Important part ln
bringing about that chango,
While, however, lt ls truo that the
thoory of natural selection doos not,
in its brutal interpretations of tho
scientists, conform to tho conditions
in ,tho Inorganic world as it doos In
the organic, wn cnn find nn adumbration of tho nwl even in the organlo
world, A struggle, not for oxlstonco,
hut Intellectual In Uh scope, ifl bound
to remain with us, for it forms an In-
Hcpnriiblo and coiiHtltuont part of tho
universe, Its Hfo and Its nctlVltli's. A
look Into tho pages of history will explain nml convince us of the truth of
this assertion.
In tho early stages of man's dovol-
opmont tho struggle for existence assumed its most snvngo form. Tho two
esflontlnl requisites for the oxlstonco
of tho barbarians was, as In animals,
tho doslro for food, and whnt-was In-
dispensable, townrd oxpondlng tho
physiological nnd physical forces accumulated In tho consumption of food
the fomalo. This ho secured by force
and violence. This primordial manifestation gradually gnvo way to a
phase In man's development wh-tiro ho'|
■struggled for politics) innr.enn-.ci'-. *«»■,
mssltallng Uio use of his Intellectual
faculties, thereby diminishing the ex-
peniIlt,iiro of his notontlaUt'os uimn fo-
mnles!   Then camo tho strugglo for
vnii    «.<juu,,*.,,,    iii    Uiu    iitttitS... -i      . j
i*ti*'fr*i    1,nlpr on, In  tbe mprtlpvnl'
period,    the   stnurglo   for   rellitlons •
■equality occupied the forogTenpH  ni-
on the securing of which Uie struggle
for political eonalltv..,!»«<"•«'• ■' •""•'<■
t*tiart!.U>ii.   Xew wo aro gtrugjtllng for
w»tmtwnic fi|iiHi)i,v, townrd Van-fi we .
are rapidly steering.    But whit wo |
should note In this development frrtn
stru«rtrl<» of one sort to the struggle
ef uno'hor sort Is this: In earh slrug-
glo   vlolonre,   ferre   C"<1   rnn^w"
westven« are stesdilv t»«liK relegated
is not duo in any $ -
heaven or the des* '• V"   .,,„..
Providence, ns thoy" a" oa»Vw f«
tr. *,r.Mr,.,n    rp,,„„ i, woro former y led,
LiTZ'rti   rl>\y™ "'It  It IS  UIO
consequenco   of ymikl[Q  oxp]olto
tion carried on for
profit rather than
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE.      :: :: "
B.C.
/?
for use.
*" °LUT;h°fP^urs0, do not knov
Li Zt«ria^^'fitlon.   But that,
to truth to inalto 11 n„n„„fli_„,„ ,,,,,1,
ful If .millions of wkWCMlllll6ly t,oul)t"
od out homeless i\,.r, ,,,„,„,„, . .,,„
'out a miserable off' l"s">' ° «*»
without imperilling1 X^S
of cnpltnllstlo oxpk nHB"alUng ■■ Uc0
The tlmo Is now k" „£»♦,.   „..,. ,
oMt« unoutnea F^.TlllS-1
TUn ol,l wnv ftf r118' to mn,t0 flofl"-
pi.ql U7on?^;w»« *z'»»»
-*,#«i., ur, 94.* «.iHi#?f workors can not
nt heir oxnenio n nnd **'>Co»«>mi7.0B"
5«r n?nn» 5? n.» ^" witliout siirren-
.i^^^Vcboon'iiBlng thoir:
5rn nof tnkh ■rflK1110'1, »«">di,    Thoy
ff!J■ wio !Ji i Ml' ^""'omlCB from
I,I!2;!l) t0 «tarvo submU-
S I IZ1 ?>«"o ofwnntsuh.
**ltilrJtiTo 'Jiv t,on» ^at demand
^ S.X niSiiJ1'^ thoy have gain-
S,to„SV?a%   T^ worker has
sAiiiwuuKoe l-ieader,
THE O.  K.  SHOE SHOP
Cash Prices
MEN'S HALF 80LES, nailed on   8Bo pair
MEN'8 HEEL8, nailed on  40c par
WOMEN'S HALF 80LE8, nailed on  '.  60o par
WOMEN'8 HEELS, nailed on  25e par
WOMEN'S RUBBER HEEL8  BOe par
MEN'8 RUBBER HEEL8  '.  60o Palr
The above prices oro for very best work and material.   Figure
, It out and see If It won't pay you to patronize the 0. K. 8hop.
Wm. Thompson     ■■    Prop.
lawn, ond any Intorv-hritlon in U» Tto history,, while w*tb ^scii mlviinre
workings, irttetbw by the Btat* or jstrugirle Intellectual for«e snd mind Is
mnn. toward aiding lU«i wuukui' or nub- * uvit iu.n«> mA ihuvh UiV-uiuIui; thc pre
dnlng tho stronger must m»ce«sar«'v
work ftgslnst nature, In ohort, the
nvllft brought en bv this stm*tl» are
Jnovltable; tbe resulting tneomlltloa
are natarvl. and sbouM therefor* ho
commended and not condemned, fer
dominating wi>nnon. The mentis of
eomkn are rnjintsntlf undergoing at-
tonustien; the snn»al of i*"*"*"* '• "
th** m'n<f «nd not to the muscular
pow*r Th»r# beior no reason to
donbt the Henrty msrch of progresf |I5W
BE A TRAILED NURSE
E«m •« U m Weel<ly I
»tm     r>ri*\i ivi\ I
the !locho«er Nub J, SS.™£1
S«S iwfcS   Th^ f«m $15.00 to
r^imitl «iiiI'M* Rochester Nurses I
E If.^ r««I^^' »»d «>ve Dip-
ROCHESTER NUhM8' IN8T|TUTB
ROCHB8VBR, N. V
When you are buying don't"forget that
ROYAL CROWN
SOAP
Is Economical and Efficient
Tlio valuablo coupons arp valuable for valuablo
pycrr.ininri'     ,!
The Royal Crown Soaps, Limited
Calgary Alberta
The
A.llcn
Dressmakers   and   Costumiers
Ball Dresses a Speciality
COLEMAN
ALBERTA
1
'*"*'»■*""""• AX-
Hotel
Qh£,6f;the
,-i •' ;,**>•> - - ■ y- •', '
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta
r the -
Original
and
Only
Genuine
IHE DISTRICT TJDQJBB, FEKNDS, B. 0., DECEMBER 27 1913
' ' —— <* ' '
Provocative Methods
of Operators
PAGE SEVEN
Beware of
Imitations*
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
(Continued from Page one)
Editor, District Ledger.     • \     .           Hall was doubtless designed to ore-
Dear Sir.-AUow on© of the Van ' "-    ■      ■ P
couver Island criminals (?) the privi-
-lege   Of   disCUSSine-   (-Tvn.rl-iHr.T-ic   WLfn-nc
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of,
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN ~Passburg
Fernje-Fort Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings .
•BAKER AVENUE
a
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
rt
Wholesale Dealers in
i ,
Wines
* *>
Liquors
Cigars
Large Airy' Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackriy hm
Mailorders receive
prompt attention
. Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
•
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8aus>
agei for tomorrow's . break*
fast."
CALL OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56 Wood Street
PERNIE, B. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
A. McDougall, Mgi'
Manufacturers of and Dealers In all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First olass Horses for Oale.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
George Barton    Plione 78
A"Lod£or"adv. Is an
Investment.
List of Locals District 18
No., - Nam* See. and P. 0. Address
C5 Muuwii ■*•. Wheatley, bankhead, Alta.   ..
m ttenvrr Creelr j, Lcwiiij».-, L'cai-of Vt*.*}k, via iyiach»)r, Alta.
431 nolloviiQ James Hurlce, Hox 30, Ilollovuo, Alta.
2103 Blalrmoro........ W. L. Evans. Blalrmoro, Altn.
IM8 Burmli. T. 0. Harries, Pass-bur*, Alts.
3227 Carbondale. J, Mltcholl. Carbondale, Coloman, Alta.
1387 Caniaoro....'. Michael Warren, nnnmnro. Mi*.
•i\,t„\ Coiwmiu.... J. Johnstone, Coleninn, Alia.
2877 Corbin J, Jones, Corbin. D. C.
1126 Chinook. Minos..' Jas. llorno, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alts.
2178 Diamond City  J. B. Thomhlll, Diamond City, LethbrldRo.
23H Fornlo .' Thou. Uphill, Pernio, 11, 0,
1263 Prunk..... Evan Morgan,Frank, Alta.
2407 Hoimer.............. W. Balderstone, Hosmer, B. C.
lOr,S HIllcrtiKt Jos, Uorton, Hlllcrest, AltA.
674 Uthbrldfe U Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. Loth bridge.
1183 LotlibfldM CollUrU*.. Krank Harringhao*. Coalhurst, Alta.
IMS..Maplo Leaf T. O. Harriot, Passburi, Alta.
2334 Michel II. Wtner, Michel, B. C.
14 Monarch Mines....... Wm. Ilynd, EJean P. 0„ Taber, Alta.
2352 Ffcubnrg T. 0. Harries, Paaaborg, Alta.
ISH Royal View ,...Oeo. Jordan Royal CollltTUt, LettVrlftf*. All*.
101 Taber,  A. Patterns, Tiber, Alu.
discussing conditions bofore
and after the military occupation of
Nanaimo and district,-   Now,   we all
know that the coal companies, tried
their hardest td agitate the strikers
in various -ways, such as circulating
lying reports through the Bowser-owned press, and prompting tho Judas'
Iscariots of the labor world in their
letters to the daily press,-in -which
the U. M. W. of A. and every official
connected with it were abused, insulted  and  clandered.    Notable  among
these' calurainators  was a man   (?)
who, in years gone by, was a labor
leader, selling the men who trusted
him  every  time  he   had  a  chance.
Some of • the companies  shipped in
scabs, of the lowest type of humanity (scabs generally are of that .type);
they also shipped in others by misrepresentation,    breaking    Dominion
an'd Provincial laws in their attempts
to fill their mines. The strikers' wives
and children were, in many instances,
•insulted byithese dregs of humanity,
with, of course, the assistance^ the
special police.   On one occasion two
union men went from South Wellington to uJxtension with a man who had
lately been scabbing there, .but who
had quit and come to South Wellington to find work.   The union pickets
persuaded him to, leave the district
and two men were sent'to Bxtension.
with hini to get his effects.   Of course",
these men simply went with the erst-,}
while scab to his cabin: When.nearly
there they were accosted by a°wage
plug witli-, an addled brain and told
they were on private property; they
then .got off as quickly as ^possible.
W.'hilst- watting outside the, coal company the mine manager came running
up accompanied by one of those objects called a special policeman and in
a "get off the, earth" voice said, "Take
your hands off that gate," ancl pushed
them away.   One of the men told him
he looked like a fighting mai? and after a few words this jumped-up manager told, the cop  to itake the  two
men's names, and upon one of the men
refusing to give' bis name the manager told the "bull" to  arrest  this
man, "which he tried to do but failed.
The manager and his pup the special
then walked away and the two men
■vent away and sat down waiting. The
policeman'shortly after came out and
as he had worked with one of the men
.previous^ to .the.strike, came and told
this  man  that he  atfd   his   partner
were fools for making 'trouble/ as he
had to do what the mine manager tolii
him, and then, thc government will
turn round _and telly;ou that the^.police
aro, em'ployed. iin the interests of the
peopIer-^Rats!^
. Some time after ithisMr. Bull, came
along witft reinforcements in the form
of another constable, when the following dialogue or triojogue took place:
'Bull -No. 2 (to desperate character):
Come along with'me; .you are under
my arrest. .- ^
.D. C: What for?   „
Bull No. 2 (to Bull No. 1): What's
he under arrest for?
Bull No. 1 (to Bull No. 2): For resisting arrest.
D. C. (to both); What was I to be
arrested for in the first place and
where Is your warrant?
'Bull No. 2:  Oh! never mind;  we'll
read the charge out'to you later on.
Of Oourse this man .was taken before ithe capitalist-owned magistrate,
nnd glvon 30 dayB, but on his casoi
being appealed it was thrown out.
This Is the kind of treatment a striker had handed out to him. iA scab In
Ladysmith stabbed n union man and
tho pollco refused to arrest tho scab,
but wore .forced to arrest two, When
tho union man appeared ngalnst thorn
ho wns arrested and spent somo weeks
In jnll waiting trial, Whon the trials
camo off tho two scabs got off, but the
crown .prosecutor wanted to give the
union man Bomo moro, .but the renowned Judgo Howay considered ho
had boon punished enough, Of course,
by this tlmo tho bravo (?) soldiers
wore horo and men woro bolng arrostod wholosalo bocnuBO a scab throw <ly-
namlto and tho strikers at Extension
refused to stand up and lot tho scabs
shoot thorn down and sundry othor
llttlo stunts, Lot us now tako tx dig nt
tho military nnd soo what good thoy
havo dono for tho publln, or'oourso
thoy nvo working In tho.lntorost of tho
peoplo that ndvocato militarism,
namely, tho capitalists, mul thoy uro
tho pooplo wlio oro benefitting, uh a
certain class of animals nro willing to
work undor tho protection of a flxoil
bayonot. Wo know what sido thoy aro
on, Two of thorn woro talking to
somo strlkors off tho coal company's
property whon thoy woro culled buck
with tlio words "Von men of thn Oth,
como ovor on your own sido,"
Tho Dopnrtnioiit of Labor at Otlnwii
says Hint "nny action taken hy Col.
serve order at a time when, owing to
the intense feeling, -both life and property were imperilled."  While a mass
meeting was in progress in Nanaimo,
the, above   Colonel ■ Hall   surrounded the., hall with soldiers with fixed
'bayonetg and loaded rifles and sent in
a message to the effect that the hall
was to be cleared, 'ihe men to come
out in single file, and any attempt to
'break away would be met with bayonets and bullets,  That was a method
of  preserving order—I  don't  think.
The men-were marched to the court
house, their names taken, and subjected, to the scrutiny of a bunch of scabs,
every man being kept hanging around
till nearly 3 q,m.   I can assure you
that the soldiers are treated with contempt .by, all class-conscious men. and
women.   When in company with nine
of my fellow workers, I have,.been escorted 'backwards  and  forwards  between court and jail by about ten specials and forty soldiers.   I could fully
realize the purpose for which they are
employed.    For the .good they have
done, tliey might as well have stayed'
in their own homes, instead of being a
factor in the attempt to break up the
homes of the miners on Vancouver Island,    They went to Extension after
the armed scabs had been stopped in
their murderous games and what did
they do when they got there?. Left it
to the union men to explore the niine,
round-up-the scabs, and bring in the
.women and children who had got out
when the coal company's manager had
armed his scabs;
" Let us consider the law-abiding element we' have at the mines at South
Wellington. One special constable
landed in 'hospital through his booze-
fighting propensities, and two others
had a scrap when one of them got-a
■bat in the place where his' brains used
to be and "he. died." The scabs have
■an occasional social time with knives,
guns, etc., two of them being shot last
week, and some time ago a scab got
six months for selling booze.
I don't suppose this is all the fun
they have, but we can t get near them',
consequently we are not very' familiar
with their doings," tliey being guarded
by the defenders of our country. We
do know that the health authorities
have condemned the deplorable conditions under which they live. Seeing
the political forces -that are arrayed
against us, iin the form of armed forces, police, government subsidized
press, and1 capitalist-owned government—it is plainly to be seen that industrial unionism isn't our.all in all,
the necessity arises of fighting with
the same weapons'as1 our opponents,
namely, our only political weapon, the
Says Mine Owners
Should Be Jailed
i (Continued from Page Four)
"I Grow Hair. I Do"
Fac-similes of Prof. A. Garlow.
'Other forces arrayed against us. • A
Federal investigation of this situation
by a congressional committee is very
probable, and this investigation will
show to the nation at large, and particularly to Eastern millionaires own-
ing stock in Colorado coal mines, how
■some of their wise subordinates have
been Tuining their business  by  the
anarchistic policies theyr have been
pursuing.   We will prove in this congressional investigation that the violence m. the present strike is due entirely to the policy of the coal operators.   At the beginning of the strike
they imported 700 gunmen, many of
them;'indicted  for murder  in  otner
States, for the purpose of intimidating and murdering, if necessary, any
miner who dared to assert .his rights.
We will prove that'they have several
maohin'e guns, one of'the most deadly
[^ weapons known to civilized warfare.
•These guns shoot 250 shots a minute
and have a(irange of two miles.    We
will i)lso prove that they havo what is
known as a steel battleship,- which is
an automobile encased in a high body
of   steel,  completely   concealing   the
assassins within and which they repeatedly paraded through the streets
of Trinidad  and  the miners'' camps
Jn southern Colorado.   We will prove
that  these armed guards saw to  it
tnat violence was committed, because
their "jobs depended upon turmoil and
trouble.   These guards reasoned that
the operators would not have need of
700 gunmen unless there was some
shooting going on.   And they saw to
that  the miners did  not  remain
tsilflt^afld-ih-coufth-that-captur-lng-the
government and running things in a
sane manner; instead of producing for
profit, iproduce for use.'    ,'   '
Let us get together ohc-i and for all,
throwing afelde all petty jealousies and
•personal prejudices and stand shoulder to shoulder to fight the tyrant capital. Whatever reforms are brought
about are only palliations, they do not
get to the root of the evil. We
only get enough of the product of our
labor to feed and clothe us sufficiently to enable us to perform our allotted tasks, and the other fellow will
otlll ride in his private, cars, while wo
walk; make a glutton of himself while
we merely exist; and his wife and
children will wear silks ,and satins,
and ours will wear,shoddy, Brothers,
unite politically nnd put an ond to
this continual bickering. An. instance
can be given of tho powor of united
action in tho results obtained by the
B. C. Miners' Liberation League. This
longuo was formed about a month,ago
for tho purpose of protesting against
the brutal sentences meted out to.our
fellow workors and condemning the
government of D, C. for refusing to
lake up tho minors' side of the question In tho present strlko. Wo soo
tho workers uniting on a .common
ground for a common causo, and the
results aro gratifying. The league had
only boon formed n short tlmo when
bull that had boon ropeatodly refused
waB granted wholosalo, and ensos that
havo como up lately havo rooolvod
their share of Justice,        ,
Just a t'ow words ln closing explaining tlio methodh of tho longuo,
Mass mootlngs hnvo booh hold and
resolutions forwardod,to tho Mlnlstor
of Justlco protesting ngalnst tho unjust Huntoncos; about 15,000 butt onn
carrying tho words "H. C. Minors' Llli-
oration League," hnvo boon sold;
store kcopors aro displaying cards In
thoir windows calling for tho rolonso
of tho Imprlsonnd minors nnd very
shortly thousands of Individual pro-
U.Htn will ho Hniit to thn MlnlHtor of
Justlco,
Yours in tho fight politically nml Industrially,
WALTKU TI13AI),
On bolinlf of PiTRH Com mit tec, Local
So. 872, South Wellington, 11, C.
.it
quiet. If it is a crime for the miners
to defend their homes and their tent
cities ifrom the outrages of these imported assassins, then the miners of
Colorado are t'o be blamed and censured, but in passing judgment it is
well for the people to know both .sides,
and it seems to us that the grand jury
at Pueblo ought to have inquired into
thlst'situation more,fully,* and if they
had they would have found that the
same people who have Deen violating
the laws of Colorado for years are responsible for all the violence that has '
occurred in-the southern Colorado coal
fields. It is tlieir policy to rule or
ruin.' It is their devotion to the principles of anarchy that is now coming
home to them in all the horrors of industrial warfare.
Our one purpose in coming to Colorado was to endeavor to secure conditions here for the miners as1 favorable as those enjoyed by the miners
in Wyoming and practically all the
other coal-mining States of the nation. In this movement we ought to
have the support of every good citizen, 'and we'3 wish to say that this
strike will continue until the rights
guaranteed"" bj'—the™statute~s—of"C61or
rado- are- fully recognized and until
the miners .here enjoy the same wage
and the same working conditions that
are enjoyed by mine workers in other
organized States. ' °
In 'brief there, never will be industrial peace in Colorado until there is
industrial justice.
Bald at 26. Fine hair at 55. - ">
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PROF. GEO. A. GARLOW
Tho World's Most Scientific Hair and
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Room 1, Weldon  Block,  WINNIPEG,
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FERNIE
Statement of Vice
President Hayes
(Continued from Pngo Four)
would   permit' thorn  to call out tho
Should Attack C, P. R."
"I wIhIi thut somo mothoil could \m
adopted to rolonso thoso mon from
jnll, I wish that wo could bring tho
fait Ijonio lo our government tlmt wo
nro In Kynipiithy wilh tliom. 1C our
government In to uro tho power of this
There is nothing that capitalism can
try when regulation has failed'. It must
then die, with a brief death struggle
in the throes of state capitalism.
That regulation has already failed is
evident to every one 'but those self-
blinded ones who dare not see. A
quarter of a century of the Interstate
commerce commission has climaxed
In a coloceal valuation scheme, to employ moro than 2,006 "exports" for a
decade at an expense now estimated
at $10,000,000, and which will probnb-.
ly reach double that sum beforo tho
valuation is completed.
And this vory vnlimtiop Is hallod hy
La Follette, the prince of regulators,
na a triumph of regulation. It. is
horaldnd as being 'tho real scientific
foundation on wliich an exact Ryslom
of regulation can he established.
Some mathematical puzzles naturally Biiggesl tliuniselvfts in contemplating this result, If It takes 30 years
nul ho many millions of dollars to got
started on a system of scientific regulation of ono Industry, how, many
yours, dollars and men will ll take to
actually regulate sovoral hundred
lines of industry?—Milwaukee lender,
Bar Unexcelled
All".While Help
Everything,
Up-to-date
Cal! in and
see us once
=3a^rae=
-___
JOHN P0DBIELANCIK. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. Thero
ls no hocus pocus In
This Lumber, Business
When you waut spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip ln a
lot of culls.- Those who buy once from
us always come again. - Those who
have not yet made our a&raalatanCo
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
here. ;..
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —    <
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
,   Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldlngs,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.,
—Opposite-G.-N,-Dspot.—P.O.-BOK-22;—
Phone 23.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
, Fernie, B. C.
The  Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3,00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
KING'S  HOTEL
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
. Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,925,000
Reserve and Undlvld- TotaI Amti      72,000,000
ed Profits   8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, Presided HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prss.
BRANCHE8   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fertile, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Vlctorlv
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN, Manager
llnr Mi|i|>ll(.tl witli   (ho   Ix-Ht Wlni'F,
Liijiioi'H and (%iire
niNINd  HOOM   IN CONNKOTION
W.MILLS,
Prop i
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
DRAFTS ON FOREIGN COUNTRIES
DrnflH on tho prlnclpnl clllos In tho following countrlcH Issued without
delays
IT WILL MAKE YOU HAPPY
.. ..   -j  ..,..w...  ..... -i.,,u*,o ui   l-vait'U  III'
mllltla.   Tho mino ownflrs woro ihon I toro«<« Inoto-nl  nf tho "iutm!  iH;V,>
tho causo of tln> riots nnd thny nro
the men who should bo In jnll. If
>wo nro to uphold llrltlsh Inw nnd
Justlco wo must start liy sending tlvo
,*r?"   .,;.'i,!.v'.;*   Up   V*   t-i««      I   m*.rtt-t,   Ui   i'.'t»
cruder or moro barbaric apectaclo than
thnt of a body of fino men bolng manacled and sent to Jail, which scene I
bohi'ld recently. Let us havo Hrlllnh
law and order, but lot tm $oe that It
la law nhd Juitlco and not s fnrce.
"\V» V>*mr a great amount, of objection'' to the fact that the Unltod
MIuo Wiii'luiv* of Am-Mtm U i* l'«»r«iin»
union and that It ii mtpporting the
miner* on tho Island. W<> never luar
a word about the fact that nearly nli
CaiudA'a Industries nre owned by
foreigners. That Is a i!!ff#r»nt matter
tnllrelf.
of prlvnto Individual^ thon our civilization hns rotroRroBBcd.
"I wish that our lendo™ would atop
rnvlnjf njcalnst tho Introduction of tho
Chinese nnd the .Tinifltinor. ini* m.«
Hindus who nro coming Into this land
and would start a llttlo raving aralnai
tho C. P. It., which rocontly discharged
all Ita whlto holp on Ita Orlentftlshliw
with tho exception bf n fow offlcori
and so forth, nnd hired Chinese In
their places. Wo should mako ll so
j difficult for these slilj.* lo laud at our
porta that they would havo to revert
lo tWt»ir old tiyi-dem. 'i'hey try to male*
a Chinaman whlto on the outalde. but
they cant change his nature and vou
have only to get a look nt the stuff
they nlv* you to «at In order to deddo
that si whit* man la fcHttr than *
Chinaman any day."   <Aw>Uii»,» >
Africa
AnhU
ArgemlnsJUinibllo
Armenl*
Aimtri-illn
Auitrla-Hunetry
tlrltlhiri)
llmrll
nulsirli
Chill
Chirm
CrtU
Cubs
Wnlnnrt
l'urnio»«
franc*
Oornmny
tirccce
Holland
Iceland
India
Italy
Japan
Mactdonla
Malta
Manchuria
Menlco
Mew /taland
Norway
Panama
Parala
I'm,
Hlilllpplna lolnmU
Poland
Portugal
Houmanla
R It Mill
Narvla
Slum
Nitittrln
Hmitli Aftlr*
Mgaln
Mr/alii
NlcJei
,   la RittldTivnlf
tttiltn
N**llt*rlatid
ilVliu
Turkry 8,7
United Btataa
Wait India*, tu.
These drafts cnn bo drawn In sterling, frnncs, niiirl<«, lire, kronen, yen,
tucls, rouhleu, etc., nccnrtllng to tlio money of tliu country in which they
nro piiyohlo, Thia cnnblofl tho pnyoo to obfnln the oxnut amount Intended.
I, A. 8. uACKi Manager, FEHNIP BKAMCH
No need having plica any lanficr!
No nood of uufTurliiK nnulhor ilny!
Btoarnn' Pilo Uciiicdy (comploto with
t-X.} trill !;.:!;. yr: x- JT CC-3T3
VOU NOT ONE CENT.
This romody is a combination ot
tho lately (Uncovered, hlRh-prlcod Ad«
renalln Chlorldo with oilier powerful
cttrntlvo principles, nnd IT 8TOP8
THE PILE PAIN IN ONE MINUTEl
So suro aro wo that Stearns* Pilo
Itemed;/ will benefit you that v/c
■Will REFUND VOUR MONEY* If
you nre nol nntlsfled
'This Is the only pilo remedy "lhat
*• can unarantee and we know you
jrlll thank us for telling you about It, |
Vfo haro tho wolnslro wrency.
N, E. Suddaby
PEfiNIE       :     .. : ,.     r       0. C.
THE
ORIOINAL1 Qt> A
8ME Bank-Canada
This institution invitas savings deposits of ont
dollar and upwurds nnd pays full compound interest at
the lii|,'!ieNt Hank rate.    Savings Recounts especially
solicited. "
wtso otttct
•  IMSNCHt
■.'■«■ Toronto asaaKB
ftRANCMta *NO COHHtftlOHB VHftOUOHOUT CANADA
J. F. MCDONALD, Manager
VIOTOHU AVE,, -:- «. WRWH. ft. ©.
* 'Am
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• :f$i
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,    ■ ■*■-<*.   9,' j^S^fe^^
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-th
page *>r;
THE DISTRICT LFiDGER, FERNIE, B. .0., DECEMBER 27, 1913.
/
.*,)'-
A Happy And Prosperous New
FROM THE TRITES-WOOD COMPANY LIMITED
ANNOUNCEMENT      ^ I
i ---
BOOT AND SHOE DEPARTMENT          j* |
We are headquarters for airlines of Felt Goodsr |
The cold and frosty days are come now, when you j|
must have something warm and comfortable for the i
feet."       "' p
Ladies' All Felt Shoes, blucher cut, medium high 4
top, laced, at ,..__ $2.25 * |
.Ladies' All Felt Top Shoes, with leather sole and . I
■heel, at $1.75 f
' Ladies' Felt Top Laced Bal, with foxed vamp, ||
felt sole, at .'.  $2.50 |
Ladies Dongola Blucher, with felt soles, at $2.75 fl
"Ladies' Elastic Side Felt Shoe, leather covered J
vamp and leather sole, at '■: $1.75 ' |
Ladies' Felt Slippers, low and high cut, leather %
or felt soles, from 75c to $2.50 |
Misses' and Children's Felt Shoes and Slippers, I
in all thc different styles, laced and high button p
tops.'                    i                                        ' I
Men's All Felt Shoes and Slippers, which are  . §
warm and comfortable.                        ' I
Men's Felt Boots, in all felt, felt foxed, leather j§
coTered,' and felt tops with leather soles, ranging
in prices from .' $1.75 to $5.00
AFTER CHRISTMAS SALE OF HOLIDAY
GOODS
-, Speciul prices on all broken lines of holiday
goods.
.•.-.All brass ware,\ 20 per cent off.
All bronze ware, 50 per cent off.
Special prices on Manicure' Sets, Toilet Set's,
Dresser, Sets and Comb and Brush Sets.   ,
I
GROCERY SPECIALS
We will give our annual treat of Candies
Nuts, Oranges, Apples etc. to the Children on
New Years Morning at 11 o'clock. We want
every boy and" girl in Fernie to be here.
i
i
15c STRIPED FLANNELETTE, 8 yards for $1.00
For Saturday and Monday we will sell our 15c
quality Striped Flannelette, in all the good stripes
and fast colors, full 31 inches wide, at 8 yards,, for
$1.00. It is extra good weight, and the colors are
particularly good. . .     .      ■,
Special, 8 yards for $1.00     '
Ladies' Overall Aprons, in light and dark color,
some are self trimmed and others trimmed' with
contrasting colors.   They are full size and fast colors, o
Price 75c and 90c each
*
I
I
A Man's Opportunity
Opportunity comes to every man, if you
need a suit of clothes, here is your oppor^
tunity to save considerable money. We
have SO suits only made from best im-
ported tweeds and Tailored (when we say
Tailored we mean that they are hand
made by expert tailors) and guaranteed
to retain their shape. These suits are
regular $25 00, $30.00 and up to $35.00
will be sold while they last at
$15.00
Mixed Nuts.. .\. -. .; .':.:.'. 5 lbs." $1.00
Jap Oranges ..,..._'. .....ax. per box  ■ .75'
Navel Oranges .' Rerdoz.   ,35,- .40/ .50
Navel Oranges  —.... Jper half case ■ '2.00
Apples  5 lbs.-  *.25
Malaga Grapes .. v per lb."     .20
Wagstaff's Plum Pudding ...." I....'.. 1 lb.     .35
Wagstaff.'s Pliim Pudding.....' 2 lbs.
Robertson Ellinc 6 Chocolates '. per lb.
Robertson Ruby Chocolates 1 box
Spocial Mixed'Candy 2 lbs.
Grocery Candy — i... 2 lbs.
Mo1 asses Snaps  2 lbs.
.65
.35
.40
.35
.25
.25
Canada First Hotel Cream — per hnlf caso 2.55
Robin Hood Porridge Oats 5 lb. packet .20
Lombard Plums   2 tins .20
Peaches 2 tins .15
Apricots 3 16. tins .25
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz 4 packages .25
Golden Dates  ,. 2 lbs. .25
Siam Rice 4 lbs. .25
Pride of Canada Maple Syrup quarts .50
Special Blend and Bulk Tea 3 lbs. 1.00
Tilley's Brown Label Tea 3 lb. tin .75
Early June Peas  2 tins .25
Standard Peas per tin , .10
Carrots  14 lbs. / .25*
Turnips  *.  16 lbs. .25.
Parsnips ....'  ."l0 lbs. 35
LADIES' COATS AT SPECIAL PRICES     v'
Our stock of Ladies' Coats has all been .repriced;
every Coat in the house has been reduced. They
are all the newest models, made of the newest
cloths'and all hand finished'and silk lined. .Every.
Coat guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction. "' .
'   '.'" Priced $5.00 to $30.00       .
CHILDREN'S WORSTED HOSE, 3 pairs for $1.00
A pure Worsted yarn,''2-1-rib, spliced heel and '
toe, in all sizes from 5 to 10 inch. Priced specially at ;
,   '        3 pairs for '$1.00   • '','.< ^"y-
fi-
•sfy '
ml
-W'l
^
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
Quality '
BRA:NeHES=A=T-FmiNIEnM^^
iMisa   Annie   .Murray   is   spending
. Christmas and New Year with friends
in Coleman and' Barons.
; -Mine Ida Rosa left on Monday for
Lethbridge and Edmonton. After the
Kolidayfl oho is to be united ln the
.bonda of .matrlnmony with Mr. Alec
Lowe, of Edmonton. Her large circle
of friends all join in wishing her evory
'happiness.
Sired.-9 4
Dec. dl
COMING SOON
The Missouri Girl
The Big Fun ShoW
Norton & Rith
Praient
- Fred Raymond's
M„ost
Successful Comedy
,    '• With
Zeke»«»Daisy
A La "Mutt" & "Jeff"
"DAVID  HARUM"
•That the public are tiring of the
race ,and problem plays, which have
sprung up so recently, is being demonstrated by Geo. B. Howard, who comes
to .the Grand Theatre, Thursday, Jan.
1, in that masterpiece of wholesome
comedy!, "David Harum." Capacity
houses is the rule with Mr. Howard,
proving that this, great character of
American fiction has many admirers.
The story of "David Harum" lo bo
well known that lt needs no Introduc-
itlon. "David Harum" as a ibook was
ono of the popular -sellers for over five
years; as a play'it is even wider, ln
Its appeal. The production that ■will
bo seen here >ls replete with "local
color" and contains all the natural
simplicity which made tho b'ook's
story unusually interesting,  i
Among the capable caBt -supporting
Mr. (Howard, who is bo favorably
known here, will be Been Mr. -Frederick Clarke, the popular Canadian actor, who has made such an impression
on Canadian audiences, Miss Elsa Jon-
son, Gortrudo Stone, Arthur Elton and
others of equal prominence. All ln
all, "David Harum" should bo sufficient ln appeal to pack tho Grand' to
tho doors,
"I HATE WOMEN," CRIES
MOTHER JONE8 TO MEN
TO PRODUCE ALL WEALTH
m-*j
fix- •
*.■■-';'.'
tfatjjf--   jy-J     f
**■* .-"*\sr-4*«
v* ft-*;.-:-*     '   *
- ■    iL.^-f'JMft*.
II
Broadway cast
Scenic Production
f| Big Scream
Prices
50c, 75c'and $1.00
Plan can be seen and
seats booked at M, E.
Suddaby's Drug Store
"I hate womon!" doclarod Mothor
•Tonus, greatest, woman lnhor loader,
nt tho cloning hobhIoiv Thursday of
tho special mooting ot tho Stato Federation of Luhor.
Then .Mother Joiiob bngnn un clo-
quont ]i]on to tho womon of Colorado
to uld In tho great struggle between
capital .und labor, of which tho Colorado conl Htrlko Ih a major aklrmlHli,
"When 1 wim fifteen I waB put to
work ah a mirno girl," hIio said, "and
tho huH«y 1 worked for cut off my
front hnlr hocniiHo I would not got up
nt flvo in tho morning to tako caro of
hor kldfi, Sliuio thon I cnn hardly honr
thn Bight pf a woman.
'II novor soo n woman wearing a
diamond that, I don't think bIio'b a
villain, for that gllttorlng toy represents tho Hfo blood of workers—your
ibrothcro nnd mlnn.
"Hut, oh womon! For th« sako of
mififorlng childhood; for tho snko of
tho sorrowful one*, ntnrved nnd ahiv-
/irli-iff In llit* t,!***} t*'wrt*n'   "tnn wiilliM'
novfln nnd wanting your tlmo. I^vnrn
Homething nbout thl« groat rovolutlon
that U (n prbgrcw, ami give your help.
"Vto yoar ballot Ooal operator*
hnvo boaBtcd thnt tho voto of tho wo-
mnn han protocol th<:tn nnd thoir rob-
to your nation.
"And don't fool aw,iy valuable timo
with tho woman's club. Stay with
your children. Tio a real mother. No
mnn ovor had tlm dlvlnn npnrk of humanity In lilm untax* h» drew it from
llie brfMsf nr - lyintl mofhr-r
"It in yonr duty «n«l your privllogo
tn jh'iVc hnr>l'V hftnii'." »i»n' f!>"f--»lilfK,
and «n nlsp Rood men and -roirit-n for
th«» noxt g«>n<<rAtlon. lU'WmbM' If yon
giv* tho nation * -crialiaJ—*ad yonll
do It by nogloctlog thc- thlltl—you'll
Miroly pny tho penally."- Denver Ex-
tirt'itn.
BRITISH RUSSIA
DICTATORSHIP UNDER
COL. HALL'S COSSACKS
(Nanaimo, B. C, Dec. 16, 1913.
Dear Sir,—The enclosed correspondence explains itself. The Col. Hall
whose name appears therein is the
same officer who on the night of August 18th last surrounded the building
ln which a meeting of about 1100
miners was .being held to consider an
agreement with the Vancouver-Nanai-
mo Coal Co,—the company which, recognized the union.
Col. Hall, .-after surrounding the
building with his troops, overy man
with .bayonet .fixed and rifle loaded,
and a gatllng gun at the rear of the
building, Bont for .tho chairman and
Issued this ^Slborlan order: "I'll glvo
you two minutes to start the men out
of that' hall, Any man who runs or
who does not keep slnglo file will be
either shot or bayonettod."
Tho whole meeting was placed un-
oor arrest, searched and held under
arrest by military and Bpeclal police
until about 2.30 lii tho morning. Of
arraB, ono tobacco ltnlfo ovor regulation size was nil Col. Hall could find
after a diligent search lasting .mnny
dnys to justify his brutal order.
Yours truly,
D. TODD, Junior,
(Copy)
Nanaimo, 13, C„ Doc. li, 1013.
Lloiit.iColonel Hall,
Commanding tho Mllltln,
Nanaimo..
I3oar Sir,—At a mooting of ratopny-
orH of tho Cily of Niinnlino hold yem-
tordny It wns rcnolved to instruct the
socrotnry to wrlto a courtooun lottor
to you ndvlHlng you of tho fnct tlint
Homo of tho mllltlnmon Htntlonod hero
bo fnr forgot thoir good mnmiorif whon
walking on our Blilownlkit uh to forco
cIvJllniiB to Htop nBldo and ovon to got
Into tho roml to avoid -collision with
them. ComplalntB nro general. Sovoral BponUurH testified that not only
woro mnlo citizens thus numtiiiueo out
wOmon too, lOvon womon wheeling
baby-conchoB hnvo boon forood off tho
sidewalk by tho military.
It was tho Bonne of tho mooting thnt
as soon n» you.'hocnmi) fognlznnt of
thoiio fnctB you would tnko prompt
moaHuroB to provont thoir rocurronco.
T  tnivn thl« ■mn-Hnr  tn  vrmr hiii/ln
■fooling confident you will 1» only too
unxloiu to removo ihis rotlection on
tho hehaviuur of boric of yout troops,
and to allay th* blttcrno.** nrouicd by
their IndlocroMon,
I hog to romnln,
V ".'."; v""" 'r'.'V
W, DAVID TODD, Junior,
alkrotary of tho Meeting.
Iloadriuartors Connaught nnrracks.
Wanalmo, n, C, Dec 10, ioi:(.
From tho C. H. O., "Civil Aid Force,"
Nan'ftlmo,!». C.
To Mr. To-M'
Sir,—-I am instructed by tlie o. c.
"Olvll AW Voroc" to nrknowlcdvf vour
lettr-r of tho Oth ln»t.
Tie Aoo* not propoio to enter into
*ny controvoray on thn man or.
lie trust* that certain pcruoni will
not forco htm to rigidly «nforro thc
provlilon* of t!ie Mllllla Act, In itftr-
ence to obstruction to Militia on the
public roads.
Yours truly,
R. C. COOPER,.    -
Capt. <i. S. O.,        ' '•
• "Civil Aid Force."
TEACHING CONTEMPT OF  LAW
ilt would appear that the owning
class, the class which holds the deeds
and mortgages that ln them vests the
possession of the great plants of production and distribution, could not afford, openly, to show tbat on them the
"law" wns not binding when It Interfered with their plans.
'By careful manipulation the propertied olass have been ablo to guide the
various legislatures until the laws of
stato and nation more carefully guard
the Tights of property than they guard
human rights. Wo would naturally
presume that tho beneficiaries of such
class laws w'ould not, by their actions,
demonstrate that tho "law'.' could be
openly defied whenever it interfered
with their temporary convenience.
That tho contrary Is the case Is amply -demonstrated in Michigan, in Colorado, In Indianapolis, and everywhere
the workors are forced by hard conditions to colloctivbly demand moro of
tho product of thoir toil; an opportunity to collectively bargain for tho
ualo of their only commodity—"their
power to labor."
Tho employment of the IttwloBS gunmen by the owning class has become
nn Institution. Tho opon boast of tho
commercial bodies Is, "Wo will teach
those .follows a Iobboii"', "thoso follows," moaning, of courso, tho workorB
who havo dared to ask for the rights
of froomoii; tho right to prosont their
sido of tho question nt Issuo through
those among thorn host ablo tp, rbpre-
-wit thom, or oven by tho trained' labor lenders In thoir particular calling,
wliomfioovbr thoy might oloct Bhould
roprosont thom.   „     »
Aro they touehliiK us a lesson?
Ask any victim of their lawless mo*
Diode; ask any of tho workors, even
though forced to submit for the tlmo
being to lawless forco,"aided by a
government that Is complacent, It not
actively aiding in the anarchistic disregard of ovory law supposod to pro-
regard of ovory law supposed to protoct life and property, especially property. ■ ■ ,ii* ■
Thoy nro teaching us that tbo la*iv
U ciio ttotmut of those who cuu uib-
play sufficient forco to disregard It.
They aro teaching us tho le'kson that
"forco" still reigns supremo, ns It ill<!
In tho day* of old.  Thoy are teaching
In  Ciririnlifi    fnw  (Jn*fnij»«    vi*i>  ST*"?  fnj*
offohso, through foico, if necessary,
since the jkwers that show themselves
ahlo to attain their objoct by Illegal
force are hold Immune from censure
or punishment.
Th*t Is ihe lesson we oro learning.
Wr> unonthn the ivtadom of thoic who
nro the beneficiaries of the laws Jn
forrlnc C'-" lon»/in upon rrn.
Hut wli!i iioihJng to fose, ami tho
niMTiorles of nu the bitter wrongs we
have rjffin.J It Is possible thst wo
may eviii improvo on tbo lesnons wo
have so bitterly learned.—Tho Unltod
llino U».rJi«r»' Journal.
GRAND THEATRE
"The  Missouri  Girl"  Coming  Here
With    a
good story,
rattling
full  of
honest
singing
that  ls
scenery
perb, ' an
company
fun,    with
and   music
a   delight,
that ls su-
excellent
including
EliMSMcMSMSJcMaaaa
Frank Farrell, the
droll comedian, and
Mildred Ford, In
their side-splitting comedy characters
of "Zeke" and "Daisy," "The, Missouri
Girl" has taken its position aa one of
ithe funnloot comedies and laugh producers In years. The vehicle was presented here with a New York caste, a
little over ono year ago, nnd was pronounced a "scream." Tlie compan/
play here at the Miners' Opera House
for ono night only, on New Year's eve,
Wodnosday, Docembor 31.'
The management of tho theatre
wish Us patrons and others a Merry
Christmas and Invito all to come and
refresh themselves In ithe wavos 'of
merriment bf two and ono half hours'
plunge In an ocean ot hilarity. New
Year's will bo Incomplete without seeing and Joining the merry throng that
will f'.'ock to see tho laughing succcbb
of tho century. 	
To the Citizens qf
* ■ *
Fernie
At the request" of a number of the ratepayers and
citizens, I offer myself as a candidate for jre-dec-
tion as Mayor. A public meeting wUl be called to
discuss municipal issues. You will all be typpeiee-
sion of financial statement for the year 191| beifort
,elM5tion day. , '■ yy'. .
J.L.
ISIS THEATRE
BEST
ALWAYS
PICTURES   CHANGED  DAILY
Special Saturday Matinee and Evening:
The Better Fattier
TWO REELS — The Evils of Blind Unreasoning Jealousy Powerfully
Portrayed in this Picture
"The Flower Girl and The Counterfeiter" aWX
Two Hearts & a Thief & Cupids Bad Aim .'Neltlr, comedie.
SPECIAL MONDAY
THE TRIUMPH OF STRENGTH
-  2 Keel Ambroal-p Won Picture
SPECIAL TUESDAY
RMRM.
Mostcrlinka, the Mystic's Masterpleoe ,
PEIXEAS AND MELISANDE
Interpreted by CONSTANCE CRAWLKY and ARTHUR MAUDE   A Remarkable Pioture
BBJIIIIUI L.,ilM
ALWAYS A GOOD SHOW AT THE "ISIS"
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