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The District Ledger Aug 22, 1914

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Industriu.roW/,c;a/T«5 Strength
No. 52, Vol. Vn,
.. Jfn
30.1
^.A/JA'M
: j. ^
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity Is Victory
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 22, 1914
VANCOUVER ISLAND STRIKE SETTL
1
Colorado Strikers
Still Fighting
DBNVBR, Colo., Aug. 1 .'..--Governor
Elias iM. Amnions, \\(ho has won for
himself the title of chief lickspittle of
the coal operators, is out lu a new
role—this time writing letters to be
used as press matter for the Colorado
coal operators.
When the strike .was called, Ammons began at once to use the influences of his office for the operators. The State militia was sent into
the strike sone, at a cost to the tax-.
payers of $1,000,000 to protect coal
' barons' property at the expense of
.personal rights and constitutional
government.
The slaughter of the innocents at
Ludlow was done by his eunmen-mi-
litla.
Now that the Federal troops are in
the field and he cannot use State
Rowers to aid the coal operators, Ammons is writing wilful and deliberate
lies in the form of letters to newspapers to Ibe used as "copy" for the
operators.
His first effort was spent in a talk
on "the other gunmen" in the coal
strike. He mentions the several notorious thugs who were killed when
the gunmen of industry attacked the
peaceful strikers, trying to (bring out
the point, of course, that the strikers
were "the other gunmen."
•But he says nothing of the twelve
•* < children slaughtered and cremated at
Ludlow by his gunmen-militia, nor of
the other twenty-two strikers who
have lost their lives at the hands of
the operators' gunmen, in their effort
 W"WTinn^naOTOTWTiT05ntftTrfree-
dom in Colorado through an enforcement of the laws now on the statute
books.   .
The miners' stcnle committee met in
Denver this week to make a scale for
contracts to be signed for two years
beginning September 1. Ne definite
information has been given out, but it
is believed that there will "be few
chanceB in the present scale.
There hip now thirty-five Independent operators working under a contract  with the Unltod Mine Workers
and other mine owners are contemplating the recognition of the Union.
The greater efficiency of Union
labor is clearly brought out ip the
current report of the State Inspector
of Coal .Mines.
The report shows that mines working under an agreement with the
United r.Mine Workers are producing
almost twice their normnl tonnage
while the operators employing scaSi labor are only "getting out" about one-
third their normal output.
Aspirants for State and county offices will undergo a rigid examination
next week when the State Federation
of Labor me^ts at Pueblo.
For years the workers of Colorado
have been buncoed by the .pre-election
friends of labor. The present strike
of the coal miners, however, has
taught them a lesson severe enougn to
make them realize that they must
stand together at the coming eleciion
and go down the line for real friends
of organized labor or else suffer intermittent outrages such as lhat at
L.idlow.
Tbe end and final shake-up of the
Colorado National Guard may come
thia week. It Is understood that Chase
has refused to pay those .men connected with the Ludlow massicie
who have been awaiting the veridct
of the military (?) courtmartia'. If
he. holds up their money, they have
threatened to,sue him and Stit-i. as
well as "to tell a few things they
know about the.milltla."
If they do tell even   a few   things
Island Workers
Vote to Resume Work
We are in receipt of a wire from Robert Foster,
President District. 28, U. M. W. of A., stating that
the strike on the Island has been officially called
oii today.
The telegram, which gives no particulars as to
terms, is as follows:
NANAIMO, B. 0., Aug. 20.—Late propositions
from Premier McBride accepted. Vancouver Island
strike will be officially declared off today. Result
of vote, 1,030 for proposition. 363 against.
ROBERT FOSTER.
It is just possible that the present war may have
influenced McBride to take action and compel the
operators to offer better terms than heretofore.
However, in the absence of details and until .conditions upon which work has been resumed are
made known we do not desire to express an opinion.. One thing, however, is certain, viz., that the
striking miners, backed by the U. M. W. of A., have
put up a splendid fight. The fight has meant imprisonment and death to more than one, and at the
last moment the International was compelled to
withdraw its support. Although this last meant
starvation to them, the men never flinched, but
fought right on, and even to the last, as the ballot
shows, there was still an element strongly against
compromise in any shape.
We hope to be in a position to supply our readers with further news next week.
Latest War News
IKeyTfiSow aSontTRe Colorado national
gunmen, tlie world will Btand aghast
at the horrorB of military rule in tlie
coal strike zone.
Poor EllaB M. Ammons, sometimes
called the Governor of Colorado, continues'to be hissed, jerred and hooted
at. the -Democratic .assemblies. Amnions, commander-in-chief of the Colorado National Guard and executive,
who prostitutes his office to the coal
operators, will go down In Colorado
annals as the most discredited Democrat in thc history of that party.
The following news has been very kindly supplied
us by the Editor ,of the Nelson News, whom we
thank for courtesy:
OTTAWA, Aug. 20.—That many of the recruits
for the Canadian overseas expeditionary forces nro
being withdrawn from the ranks oi' the forces with
GERMANS COUNTED ON
INDUSTRIAL CHA03
NO SEMBLANCE OF PANIC
OR PEAR IN BELGIUM NOW
LONDON', Aug. 17.—All classes of
Carman and other writers who drew
lurid picture* of ebons in the crowded
English Industrial centre* In the
event.of an European war, are proving very false prophets, A corre-
fpondent of the Tlmea. traveling to
Leeds, Bradford and other tnnnufne-
turning towns says:
AUhouuh war has cut off in a night
an enormous trade In woollens and
other «ood» with Germany and Austria, no eonfuslon or excitement !«
shown and no disorganisation of civil
life.
Musters and men have united, up-
noting German calculations. Labor
troubles here? N'o, trade unions are
liaising war resolutions Instead by ap-
pealing to manufacturer* to sham
what work remains among the whole
U iiiv xwplunn*. :.Ui.> Uiiolluu *iiii,-
#>r# sre tramping Into the rural district* to help harvest, Men at many
wineries are psylni twopence weekly
10 help the families of miners called
10 the front-Calgary Herald.
w~i!icirTirey™Iiave oiHIsfeiniirougOhe influence of
their wives is thc somewhat important announcement made this morning. Tlie Militia Dopart-
ment ha's made it plain that uo man who is married
can go with the forces, without tlio consent of his
wife. Apparently this is being taken advantage of
hy Canadian women, for during the lust few days
tlio wives of officers, in particular, and also many
of the men, have heen exercising the privilege iu
large numbers.
ent the Act provides that a total issue of $30,000.-
000 only shall be made against a treasury holding
25 per cent of this amount in.gold.
- Above an issue of $50,000,000 of Dominion notes
the amount held in gold must be equal to all such
excess under thc amending bill. If Parliament
passes the bill, the Dominion will be able to issue   *."!'
FERNIEMTINGS
Mrs. O. (i. Henderson and daughter
left on Wednesday for the coa^t,
(J. Ci. Henderson, collector of customs, left on Monday for an extended
iotir of the eastern cities.
rionie throe or four hundred persons accompanied seven reservist*
who en trained from Keruie oh Tuesday evening, bound for the old land.
The Fornle-Coal Creek band headed
the procession, playing patriotic airs,
and at the station the boys were
shen a royal sc-nd-off.
J. 1. Macdonald, arrived in Pernio
on Tuesday evening from Hucnos
Ayres, Argentlnia, S. A., where he
has resided for the last year. Mr.
Macdonald is an old timer of Fernie.
and for a number of years was accountant   for  the  Trites-Wood  Com-
At -J;;Ki Sunday morning fire 'broke
out in the basement of A. W. >Bleas-
dell's drug store In the Johnson<<F,tl-
coloner block. This fire proved to be
very stubborn, it being two hours
from the time Mie first stream was
turned into the building until the fire
was extinguished. The damage to
stock and the building will be at least
$10,000, all covered by insurance.
The Fernie fire brigade had a very
busy time of it for the twenty-four
hours ending midnight, Sunday. They
had to respond to three calls, which
were as follows: 3:15 a. tn. Dleas-
dell's drug store; 4 p. ni., bush fire,
city park, and at 10:30 they were railed oni to a small fire in the Nnpanee
Hotel.
S. P. OF C.
Comrade Tom Connor of Van- •
comer will speak on the tsreet
opposite Home Bank on Saturday, August 'J2nd. in ;ili probability Comrade Connor will
have >-oni" "war" information.
NOTICE
-Miners,  stay away from Taber, af the mines are not working and no prospects of work.
Hundreds of men idle.
A. BATEMAN',
Pres. Local 102.
ALEX PATERSON,
Secretary-Treasurer
$20,000,000 in Dominion notes by placing $5,000,000
in gold in the treasury, and this will mean an extension of Ihe Dominion credit by $15,000,000 for use
in I'inaiii-ing war expenditure.
G.   F.  Stalker,  Government  Agent.
received 11 telegram from the Depart-
-fceiwlfr-on^WedwcS'ilny- ti
NAtlONALIITt ANO UNIONISTS
AKt 1ICOMINO SOLDIERS
WJXUQX, Aug.! 7.- Tlie National"
t*t* sad Radicals talk of the home
rale Mil being placed on the statute
hook fortMrlth, hot they only half b*-
Here that It Is feasible under the patriotic agrtMMBt coin* to with Car-
ton and Boaar Law. Meanwhile that
Mtttrstt foe of ho»e rule, the Dublin
correspondent ot ths Timet, reports
tbat tht sympsthlss of Nationalist*.
mn Uatoatst tritfeaHa, are entirely
wf♦% IMiM I* tkm **** Tettmea ara
received with eathu-stts-m (a the1
■MV-tHMts shout tretaad, and man?
tfattoatltatTotaatMrs Nttet
Ik* ttemm Cntbnttc btebm tf KU*
Sank la • letter nad te all the
ebtmto** rtnlt.erdnr «*M ttt* ttntr et
his nock tl fkRftfttf Christians aad
Wvjrat etUMM «f tit Raptrt to which
tkey weft proti to belmg waa to
, offer prayers for tha encennt of Bag-
tend tnd tm nWm John fta-toond
net* tho OwrtfMM-at Is ahout to em
sod tqukji nn-h drtW largo nomOm of
frtth rtdmtnnrn—CnHnrr Herald. ''
LO.\lK)N, Aug. 17.—Michel Araoye,
a Belgian resident, of* .Montreal    for
some years, has' Just arrived In London with his wife and daughter from
liis parents' Belgian  home at Ulseg-
han, sixty miles from Drusuels,     fie
nail* by the steamer Canada August
22.   His younger brother, who volunteered, Is now lu tliu 22nd Infantry
,it the Belgian front.   Michel liimiutlf
was four year over age.    Ho says:
"Wherever you go ln Delirium today is
ihe grim determination   to   rid   tlu-
fatherland of the German marauders.
There U uo war fa-iuy, but a culm,
retolute confidence In which none are
more conspicuous than the wives and
mothers In whose hearts pride sttw
ales with anxiety.   There is no semblance of a panle.   Trains, except in
tho setnsl wnr nrena, nre runnlnr on
schedule time.    Every   road,   every
railway and every tunnel Is aoarded
I by civic guards.
Wo have been orer-run with
»pl«*«," added Am*jr«. A Itetglan
friend who accompanied tne to I/>n-
don, was arrested and stripped almost oaked on susplrloii, which, of
course, proved groundlees In his
rase. There Is uo jliittolsm In ll*l-
slum today hot, br Ood, we will rid
oar country of the (lermnas. Think
of our women going right Info iho
firing tine to take cigarettes, cigars
and chocolates to tho soldiers. Our
women ar# splendid Indeed.**--Cal*
tary Herald.
P.AIUS, Ann. 20,--Tlie German army is niiuvh-
ing on Brussels by way nf Huy and Joiloifcne. Ch»-
nonading was heard in Brussels this morning. Details of the fighting at Dinanl show terrihle carnage. A French company, though decimated, held
a position till reinforced by artillery and cavalry,
which udvaneed and after 11° hot fight drove the
Germans into Ihe Meuso,
BAVh STK. 'MARTti. Mich.. Attir. -20.—Four
Americans were arrested today at Baut Ste. Marie,
Out., and held as prisoners of wnr. They were
charged with attempting to secure recruits for tho
Austrian army.
LONDON, Aug. 20,-A dfopnteh from Itoiue to
Ihe Star says refugees from Madchurg, Germany.
report that German aoldiers fired on 3,000 Italians
confined in the hamieka (here, killing aeven and
wounding sixteen lieeauae some of thein shouted,
"Hurrah for Italy."
The communication admilted that the Germans
hadsgained ground on both the north and souili
bunks of the Mouse river.
An official French communication said llie
French had penetrated to Murhange. in Ais.i.-e-
Lornainc, a short distance southeast of Metz. Tb<*
situation in upper Alsace wns reported to be lit lie
changed.
Large German forces were said to'lie crossing
tho Mouse river between Liege ancl Namur. A
Hculer dispiit.li trom Brussels reported Genn.in
troops a ■abort* distance east and northeast of Ant-
werp,
A Russian force was reported to have been .ic-
feated near'Stallupohnen, Prussia, recently by tlu*
'Germans, who captured 1,000 prisoners and six
machine guns.
An engagement wii« Xu\ to have been proceeding in northern Luxemburg nud an important
FraiH'o-Geriiian battle was expected to ensue.
tftr
effect, that pre-emptors who have
been on tlie reservelist and now culled out for service, and also those who
may wish to volunteer may do so upon notifying the Department, and their
pre-OTiptlonK will be held for them for
the period of one year.
lt is congratuliiting to learn that
Fernie taxpayers havp already come
forward with ahout $1,000 on their
1011 taxes, when the present financial
condition** are inclined to ho unsettled
nnd also in vlow of thw fact that tlio
expiration of the date of taking advantage of tin1 discount Ih not until Au-.
Kiist 27th.
i    A, L. Brown, chief of the city police,1
I li'oclveil a wire from the Deputy .Min-
' Inter of Marino on Friday night ordering him to report at Halifax for,ape-;
Judge Thompson will hold the adjourned session of the County Court
on Friday, at which only civil cases
will be tried.
Died—On August Mth, the infant
son of ^Ir. and -Mrs. Frank Henderson,
aged -> months and oeu week.
Died—August 19th, the infant son of
Mr. and MrB. Arthur Hopwood, aged 4
months. Funeral on Thursday, afternoon from the Church of England.
Four marriage licenses w.*«re issued
by the District Registrar during the
week ending August 20th, as follows:
.lames Hall and Annie Elizabeth Kop-
penhocfer, both of Coal Creek; .James
K.  Macphersnn  and   Ma ble  Sheppard,
aliin   nf  Cna!   Crpplf;    Tnaonh   Ilnhlwan-n
and Klin May Grant, both of Hosmer;
Sigurd Thorley r>.glesgaard ami
Sarah Elizabeth Lloyd of Fernie.
J. W.1 Bennett, grand chancellor of
the Knights of Pythias for BritiBh
Columbia, left on Monday ou un official tour of ihe Province. 'Mr. Bennett expee;*- t.» bc absent about ;i
month.
Lt. Colonel Mackay, recruiting ofti-
eer for Ku st ami West Kootenay, has
found that the toil mm; allowed from
the Kootenajs is a very finnll number
when it had 10 be equally divided
among the large number of towns iu
tlii'su district*. The following is tlm
allotment made hy the Coluiiol, ami
appears to be u fa'r u diUx.'oii as wa.s
possible to malic: Fernie. ],*.; Coal
Creek, 5. Klku, 1; Waldo, 'J; llayne«,
Wardner, !; liomner, 2: Michel, 2;
j elal duty, It is over four years slnco | ,jo1,1pu ar„, Windermere, 5-t Cranbrook
the expiration of.Chief Hrmvn's tl!ueja!1(i Vm Sl,,(.je> ]5,   Tot:,| Kast Koote-
j on the reserve list, and he accordingly j nay> 50t ^t.iS011i Kaslo. Proctor and
wired Ottawa to thut effect, rcnubst- x:vmmi, ;tu;  Uoasiaml and Trail. 10;
CAHD OP THANKS
'Ml** UNI  JWflftr IHnlMI iwWpBwflPBI Ww*
■tw ttt «nrtm ttttfr staff* ittifttfft*
*• tnt Wt   oaw anawj^ww *woa-'^ • wwi**mw*w   a^a^^^o^tav am1   ata^rj^^ *w^*^^m
Mm to tlw motrr btm titmU tot tto
wmmh af nrmpotbf net Herat td-
Egffggt,
Police Mafftatrate  Whlm*t«r timf a
verjr (way •**■»©■ tuts w«#k,   *kw
,,*.*,,.  . ...-*     ■   -**   *
t*ea* "td ntmid* *rn*, ftlwrrrtwfpfl Vtmr
f» «««! m, foatrtliaiedl fit* aafl eo*it
M«k. Two vaga were ti««« flft««n
dnjt hart labor eotb. Tbrm pertle*
wlio allowed Ihelr eowt to atrat about
,%„    r-tt ,,    9t99, *9    9.   t   *   , „,... .     9     „„*,,,.        ,
, .-•,,,'.        Itt,   .     '**    ,,.'«*,«-#,*,. .   ,
were flM4 ft" oeA nmt toete. Aai
mn loonpb Fli^atrtek, cfeatgai wltt
m^itiaf a iNtae* offlrer aad allowed
oat aa ft* bell, WW ta aayaar. aa4
taa dt7 la ttt twaaty ahaai, Aa la-
met waa mm prvamtmm tttm tonntmwm
totretbonmUi net baeaaM latMOoitai,
ctmtrtliMH ITA toil rt»t» A tamal*
ttmtetAitr tppenret tn nutwtr to a
efcarf* «f vatraacr aa* *aa fined fit
KKVKU'ruKK. H. 1'., Aupr. 20,—What in believ-
ed to have been a determined attempt to wreck a
troop train which panned t-hrotifrh Kevelstoke .Sunday nifrtit enrryinfr 150 aailom from tho Sheerwater
and Alirerine to the Atlantic eonat to man the
Xlolie, oeeurred ttt Mountain Creek bridge, aliout
fifty mile* east of Revelatoke, aeeording to new*
which haa juat reaehed the eity. A brink aklnn-
iali hetween the miiniuilim and the guard* at the
bridge took plae*. in which a wore or more nhot«
were fired on each aide, and the atlaek on the
liridga waa repulacd without datnage. While eroaa-
litg the bridge in (he dark to aid the jniard at the
weat end of the bridge, two liulleta (iM-an-tnt i'l«we l»»
the head of Pet# Phtlli|Mi of Revelaloke. and there
were uevera! narrow escape* in the midni«ht fray.
.flume of lite a.U<M»k<tr» are twlievinl to have htrnx
wottwtnA.
LOXJJON, Aug. 20. Ti..' Tiiuea and tlm Mail
lake optimistic view* of the nitwit ion. Jtoth pnpera
editorially suuRcst that the Ocnuaii military machine has eome to grief.
j      "Ti.e ;ut,ii,i.tli day of iii-niiiiii innliiiizaiiiin,"
I snyv the Mfl'il "find* the Knicci-V ^cnceaU «tHl, -•,
all appearaiieeM. funililinif the |.r.nlit.--i..ii*, !il..w
which General Von Bci-ebaHin bti ii!! iln- uuild i.i
expect from tbem within a week.
PARIS, Aug. &O.--"Oulp0*t combiil-n. inicrortiiiK
and charaeteriitie, 1I0 not juMify 11* in eotiuliutr
upon the certainty of a prompt and certain victory," writea the former Mhinder »f Vm; i«u Af-
fairs, Hlephen Piehori, in the Petit JournnJ.
"I find too nuti'li aald about the Germain b« iii>*
demoraliwd.   The original over-eonfidcee may |,omIttlI)B tlifl (Hmr,    H(. ,,„ H)()ll
Rive p!*ct ttt doubU, but HiaI m all. The xxnr now j m for pwi|m|,iary !».mrme ,m Tuesday 1
iH'iriniiitiNf t* « war t«» th»« dentil.   On if hanf,'-* the Jnext, j
-cxiatenee of Germany, aa well m that of France.   It |   An ^p^jmiriy «„j m* ratm   ,icj
wiil be w«ir*d furioilnly **» bulb aide*, It probably | rtrtenf orcurre.1 mi Snturday •*lien the !
will be lonff and the loaaes enorrnniw. Let us make ' '>e*"«M «,hiW of Mr and Mm V i
np our raimla to the fact that we have to contend 1 l,loi,"*r,J m* "" **mh !l> ^ro*'»Sn*l
wnn ine Mioat mioirtilalile anny in Kurnpe audi,™,"" ""'*' ,7, """*'A ,'*'\ *4*,"M" ~*''t*mi*, ,,.-*.
ing advice if absolutely necessary that
1 lie uliould (*."> at thin time, an eirmnn-
I Htances make !t very inconvenient
J for tli*- chief to Iwe here now. I
J About ilitlO Saturday evening fire
; IttoU* out at the j»o«t and pule canii»
I of Illair Letelier, about one mile from
jUi" ..M. !'."& M. Hallway. Coal C'n-vk
llirnaeh.   A«nl*»taiiw< wan jironiptly dis-
■ patched from the city, but iMtfore the
! fire could lie got under control aev-
j era! tliouaand .reilar fence pouts, tele-
I nra|ih |Kiien ami railway tie* were de-j
< strove),    Onlv  on"  'mlMInt' of    Hi-",
i »nvi*ritl at  thin'iM-rnranetii -rainii wn« {
lileHtroyed.     T!]*1 lm* In jiartlally cov- j
■ ered by insurance, J
' At the coroner'* lui|ue»t at ('ran-
; brook tm the death uf Suraniu Sii*,i**
! moto, who wim foully murdered about
* a week ago, a verdict wiih brought, iif
•tlmt lie e» me to lii« death from   sun
i
j uhol  wouuiIm. fttid kuti  havlna '» eii
; fir««fl by »ntiit« |»<rM)i> ur |M>ntonii    'in
known     Karnak  Muratn. ,1 .Tafane-'e
? felt'iiv countryman «>f 1''.* tmrt, •* .1
I man, lias been arm*t«l di.iru<il with
Grand Forks and (ireenwood, 10, To-
lal \Vc;.rKuuleiiay, *~>-). t'.uHaiu -J. C,
JXe*l of Uw Koyal M.uiiiif Uglil In-
faiitr.i, Ii.i>i been involuted tw command thu Kootenay overseas contingent, Cajitaln Deed at present I* a
re-*i.!e»t of WaUlu, ». (.'., but. previous
to CMintiiR li».11. IS*. njHiiii a Kieat many
yearn lis the service and the Koote-
i.ay contiiiKent U very fortunate in
having a man of hi* calibre to'com*
niand It.
I'V-mle citlwim  were    t*-ry    mu'h
■ Wt.      -tlr*
within
hunli fire Bainine liea.l«,iy
m!!<- i.f te.,. ,•■!';■ T'i" ♦'■•■■■ *'.r'j.-:l:rit'-'!
ill a cbnrias near the tit) imrk, lie-
laeen Ui" pttk mnl the city. A high
tout!;.,:,-;) vsi;...* '.".as Uj1.'. a.tt .»ml tii*>
ttrc in a vi ry nji-art lime male alarm
I UK Sie.uHv.iv, J. C Uaff, <tl*trlct for-
i-ftt raiisi-r, who me in ►"eriile,
ihib jirMiutttly notifies of the fire, ;*«<!
• (nun .'isaiely «t«tiier»-.i np entile fitly
aica, armiita thctu .Ut!; .ue* and
-h'-'V<'.*. ,»:.>' r.xjaij'i*: ■:.',;.£ :» i.'im'ji ."
of ttutnfiioblie*, lud the the men on
H*#. ii,)i '■! i<c M-fi.' T»-«>»». *n***i 'fff"
put tn ttwk einleavorlnir 'n pK'lrw'.i"*^
■ lm*. tut* »Hb ciiriii.'but ill Uteir their
1 Itort* w*re froltl«%» Fire Chief Mc
.. !w*nrn)l, who act* tin tftf «rerj<»( «.»tr
that w»ti»r wtmiti be thr only fhtnp to
iave the   siiuaiioti    and   *#>in in an
t
OEfttflAH* OUH OROUHD
I/)SHK>M, A»f. SK>.—Aftin M»y -detaita turn-
cernlng the warfare in Kuropa were lacking, owing
to  thc  ennttfwed  wtrtH   ennvnrtb-in     ^n   rvfflcW
communication taaued In Brawcla, however, acknowledged that fighting wm proceeding along
the entire battle fmnt, frnm *he Rwiw bonier north
to Dieat, Belgium, a dlaiancc of approximately
3tt mile*.
r,t   t-'ttt ti
*    *■
proiv-er
Conirt Witte, Rtunian itatcfman. bcliev«l that Iru^r. 'mm wi^th»!mm'tokmt"m*<*^« »ot *»* Mt •»0»te«-iH     iniii
•omt dotfcea nm waa not abwat mom!hoM» w»« montmm with a Mrant In
than a cowjili. of ■mlnut»»»; on re urn-;th#> '^ r,!,rk an,! H tmk thl" *ntir*
nave wtmt tor ail onr material ami tnnrnt tor***" |jarg). t„^ 0f %tUj. m   ^  j,ju-j»<,*t» J ftT,'>' ""•T0"'''**1. *"■ "<«   'My
Count Witte, Huwrian stitetman. bcliev
the war will be over by the end of the year.
UWnoS, Aug. !9.~.0fRei»l coiifirmatSon lm*
lieen received of a Sf-rvian \ ictory at Hhalrata or
Sabac. over 1*0,000 Anatrian*. The cn^my aiiffcrcd
heavily.
,,,9,  -,..'*.,   ,*lm9,'+  .mv  Km.**..   AimW«I» *^».   ******* I
Mt cr»-*pln(t aroond llie floor, h.»i
tbr*. hmirA !i-n.hliv« roiabioed with
the
on«
fallen Into on of m« lub., pntwuMv Ilh" •»'•"• <tf th« •k*rtl brl**4*
head flrat.   8bt JmrrMly r*a«ttct St|'!r*' *»• »>ttt mt' •««*«•«* «
from mme and cadeamed to rc*t«re | «»»* " *** *imm m**K ***** « *
It»« cM«el«Mwa^ aad railina nnhed I P*tt!i of ,,r>' »«•«««* mber   Had it
rm mumm ti tk* eapetifltit nn*
tnbortr III* feat ea mw*n nttb* nt
Ubelr teak eeeeeme ete.
OTTAWA. Ang. !».-
villi it tn a ncltM»or"t. wk*r* **tf»*t»»r.-
AII ia in readme*** now to \tten* w*to mnnm to twlr# ttie ehitd,
*       .1    /■•     .. i«. .» ,     . 1- -■-■', 'tut*   ni'hn'i'   it ifl       l*t,rttnfr    V       \
n'--i:tve tni* taiuutiiu couliug-tail **i 2-».iai0 U'*«^»» **i i,
Valcartter eamp and order* were k«itcd laat night
fYTTAWA. Awf, 1l*~Tb/» M?nf**»"r of fintin** hni
given notice of an impoHant reaointion atitborix*
ing an inereitaid hem of Hominion note* «n the   by tke MinWer of Militia to all wwmanding «ffi-
gold now beM In lit trtMiiry, **rt throughout tkt Dominion lo entrain Tbnntitay
Tbe reanlutbn propoaea tbat t>iwninion n«de« may   morninff tor Valeartier.
he IhmnmI top lo H.WIH,^ with only Vt pr **nt of j    ffon. %m Htifhci tuu apikMuUJ G.t. VU-iot A. &
(bit AtrnteeA btW hi §oW in tbe treamry. At prea-» tttmietme m foot in«*»»i
Wiike* »** enlbH, bul 414 MH -tonaid-
*r It n*-t***nrr to hold tn inqoatt
Tbe fwt*ral «•• b*M em WnnAtf tmm
tk* Calholk tbartb
Dr. Simon*. U D. «, D. D. S, d*n-
tUt. tkak nl IUu»:l'*A.a IU-kl4*lMl. **r
petit* TMtM-Weoi Co.    Vaaeoaver
a^tdhlOWkga
■Pt
- *i
ranched thl*. *i'*o with th* junHatannr
of tb,- »jtt*r, ii-uibiaa abort ot n mit*
i,*-!>- r wild tint'** ab*ft--H the tnmhff
, r«l t.f tbe Kit* l-unilM'T t'omptnt and
th« wcatern portion of tlie city. Ti*
Eik Latnbrr Company Mm took All
j.wwuuorary mmmm** ttoMlbi* to
tw**cat tk* »ft»tad et *** P,r* tn tkrtr
*tf«l. t>* knttno i»»l tkatr aealttttrf
lift** nl fco-M ia utm, ptejriat atn«uMt
on the pflci of lutabtr. ■fyftw®^^
^^^^K^.^^^.^P
iMW^^^i^^^SP^R^^Pi
¥^|SSf|^«S^|^lM^i
^^^^^SPH^^pSi
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 22, 1914
Workmen's Compensation
By Jas. H. McVety
THE    WASHINGTON     COMPENSATION ACT
The cost of compensation to injured
workmen in an Industry iucluded the
premium paid toy the employer to the
insurance commission; the layers' fees
for fighting claims and the payment
of the compensation itself where the
court decision is iu favor of the
workman.
Absorbed by Parasites
In the State of Washington, prior to
the enactment of the new legislation dn
1911, when all compensation was recovered by common law or employers'
liability methods, it is estimated that
the workers actually received less
than "0 per cent of the amount paid
out by the employers for,the various
purposes already mentioned, conclusively showing that 70 per cent of the
funds were absorbed by parasitic lawyers and insurance companies.
Under the new system, where the
State taxes the industries directly,
according to the cost of accidents in
the various classifications, administering the amount received through
a State Board of Commissioners, without the interference of insurance
companies, lawyers or courts, the
workers now receive 90 per cent of
the amount taxed for the industries.
Reason for Opposition
The CO per cent of difference between what the workman formerly received and what his present portion
amounts to .reveals the very excellent
reason for the vicious opposition of
the lawyers and Insurance companies
to the passage of the Washington as
well as all other legislation of a similar nature.
.For the purpose of comparison with'
the 'British Columbia Act, the salient
features of which have been already
covered, the more important points
of the Washington legislation follow:
Provisions Reviewed
..Compensation  Is  paid   for  injuries
causing disability  of   T,   per   cent or
injuries intentionally incurred.
The industries covered include all
extra hazardous employment, including mills, factories and workshops
where machinery is used; blast furnaces, mines, quarries and wharves,
engineering works; logging lumbering and shipbuilding; building trades,
(without, the B. C. restriction as to
height of buildings); telegraph, telephone, electric light or power plant
or lines; steambonts, tugs and ferries;
jailrsa!issj^6pLj'is_gQvflr*nod-.-5>y~K*s-d«-j
era! statute; State county and municipal undertakings Involving extra hazardous work ln which persons are employed for wages.
Burden of Payment
The entire burden of payment rests
on the employer.
Compensation for death Is paid at
the rate of $7.1 for burial of deceased
workmen without dependants. . To
widow or invalid widower, a monthly
■payment of $20; to each child under
1C years of age, %:, per month, the total not, however, to exceed J3."> per
month.
In cases where "no parent survives,
a monthly payment to each child of
$10 ppr month, tlio total not to ex-
reed l».1.
To other dependants, if none of
those already mentioned survive, a
monthly payment to each equal to 50
per cent of the average amount previously contributed to the dependant,
the total not to exceed $20.
;To the .parent or parents of unmarried minors a monthly payment of
$20 until the time he would have become 21 years of age.
Payments to a widow or widower
continue until death or remarriage,
and to a child until reaching the age
oi; 16 years. If a widow remarries,
she receives a lump sum of $240.
" Disability Allowances
For permanent total disability unmarried workers (at the time of accident) are paid $20 per month; if
with a wife or invalid husband, ibut no
children under 16 years of age, $25
per month; if the husband is not an
invalid, $15 per month; If a widow or
widower with a child or children under
IG years of age, $5 per month for each
child, total not to .exceed $35 per
month.
For total temporary disability, payments are the same as for permanent
disability, increased by 50 per cent for
first six months, but in no case to
exceed 60 -per, cent of monthly wages.
For temporary partial disability, the
payment as for total temporary disability continues in proportion to the
loss of earning power, provided this
shall not be In excess of 5 per cent,
In the cases of permanent partial
disability lump sum not "to exceed
$1,500; if the injured person is a
minor, the parents, receive am additional sum, equal to 10 per cent of
the ward to the Injured person.
■Monthly payments may. be converted into lump sum payments in
case of death or permanent total disability.
Review by Courts
All payments and adjustments are
made Iby the State Board of three
comm-issoiners, but are subject' to
review by the superior court and to
other higher courts in order of sequence.
Desirable as the Washington legislation may appear from the following,
much depends on the method of enforcement. Until last May, the workers were fortunate in having a representative on the Board of Commissioners, John H. Wallace, a coal
miner from District 10 of the United
.Mine Workers. Under his care the Interests of jinjured workorg were' falr-
ploye on the same form." A simple
change, designed to save stationery?
Not at all. A deep laid plot to prevent
■the worker making a true report of the
conditions prevailing in the plant in
which he was injured. The report
blanks were supplied to the employer.
The employe, after the employer had
filled up his portion, called the employe into the office where he was'required to make his statement of how
the accident occurred. It requires no
great stretch of imagination to see
that for fear of losing his job, his
statement will be the same as that of
the employer, thus covering up any
dangerous condition; that would, if -it
.became known, require the expenditure of profits to remedy.
Numerous other faults • have -developed In the legislation, but lack of
gpace prevents detailing them here.
However, even were the act perfectly
constructed, it! successful operation
would still depend on having administrators willing to enforce Its provisions. The Ontario Aet will, be dealt
with next weok.
ly safe, but so zealous was he in a
desire to give fair treatment, that
Governor Lister, alleged to have at
one time been a Union molder, removed him from office.
Vigilance Necetiary
Even with the vigilance of Wallace,
numerous schemes wero worked to
make the position of the injured person more difficult. One instance will
suffice. Tlie commission requires reports of all accidents from the employer as well as the employe, the
applicant 'for compensation, Originally there were two forms provided,
one tor each, but during the absence
of Wallace, the two oilier commissioners authorized the combining of
the reports of both employer and em-
STARVED ON $1.35 A WEEK
Another indictment of the system a
majority of the workers support
comes from Schenectady,- N. Y. It <ls
a story of privation, destitution, misery and death almost unbelievable.
Georw Zdeb is a laboring man employed at the Schenectady iplant of
the American Locomotive Company,
His wage is $1.35 a day, and for many
weeks he has been working but one
day a week. On this pitiful sum, 'Mrs.
Zdeb, her husband and two children,
a boy four years old and a girl of six,
have been slowly starving to death.
A few days ago the mother was found
dead. The coroner's inrestigation
brought out the fact. The death was
due to starvation, was the coroner's
verdict.
Congress .promptly came to the rescue of the stranded American tourists
with millions. Congress appropriated
a billion dollars for the help of, the
poor bankers, starving -for more
profits. What matters , It If women
and children starve as long as the
private owners of the banks get their
eight per cent? How long, how long,
Mr. Worker, are you going to continue
to vote for billions for the bankers and
starvation for your own wife and
children? Get wise. Don't be a fool
all your life. If you get started right
now maybe your wife will live long
enough to forgive you all the years
of neglect.—Appeal to Reason.
The Adventures of Algynon
He Co-Ties a Crooper in the East End,
Where, While.Uplifting the Docker,
He Speaks His Mind and Puts the
Lid On • ,*,
By C. Langdon Everard
I.blame Celia for it all. If she had
not encouraged my brother William
("Billy Goat," you know) to marry
Topsy Tomlinson I shouldn't have
made an ass of myself in the East
End bf London;
Topsy is a jolly sort; I don't deny
at. ' But her august mother, Muriel,
Countess of Hendon! She used to be
a bit of a snorter, I believe; but on
the more or less lamented decease ot
her estimable spouse she succumbed
to an acute attack of human sympathy, which has since become
chronic.
It started last winter when we were
at Davos. Aunt 'Muriel asked Celia
whfit I was doing to justify my existence, and Celia said she didn't think
it needed justifying. (Celia is always
saying things like that, leaving you
wondering just what she means.)
Then her ladyship said it was a great
pity, and Cella said yes, but I was
such a dear old donkey that I wasn't
fit for anything except the House ot
Commons.
a
That did it, I suppose. At any rate,
Aunt iMurlel wrote a fe>v days ago
to say that she had seen young Up-
landtowers, who is something in the
Ohietf Whip's office (and is, incidentally, another of her unfortunate
nephews), and that ho had told her an
East End constituency might be found
for me.   ,
Of course I swore when I got the
letter. Tben I wrote to Celia about 'It.
letter.   Then I went to Celia about it.
"Look here old thing." 1^ said,
Lady Bountiful is trying to get me
to stand for Parliament."
Cella muttered something about the
best regulated families, and I said,
"What on earth, .am Ito do about it?"
"I liav-en't the slightest idea," said
Celia. "Do you think you would get
elected, Algy, dear?"
"Well, my love,'' I said, "It's well
within the realms of possibility."
"How unfortunate," said Celia.
"Terribly," I agreed. "My golf
handicap Is 18 now. Heaven knows
when I should get Jt down to scratch."
"I mean unfortunate for your constituents, dear,"" said Celia, with the
sweetest of smiles.
The first battle of tbe war has ibeen     i^at almost did it.  I went round to
■won4>y****Am.srica7-Ghry©**^ldn,t-^ to
AMERICANS PUT ONE OVER
DAVIDSON'S
Cash Meat Market
(In Suddaby's Old Store)
Beck Block, Fernie
Absolutely no connection with any other
Meat Store in Town. The cleanest
and Most Up-to-date Retail
Establishment in Fernie
America was in it. Well, he Is. It is
certain that, taking advantage of the
collapse of watered stocks In America,
European capitalists thought they
would supplant financial dominations
of the United States, and preclptate
the war in order to bring .bond .Issues
and force the unloading of stocks ln
America. Europe went after American gold and got it. She sold American stocliB and caused such a decline
as to close all stock exchanges lest
the falling values become known.
But American capitalists were
ready. They abandoned the gold standard and caused the President to issue
half a billion dollars of Government
notes based on nothing, but these falling securities, They also Induced
Congress to authorize American bank*
ers to Issue a billion dollars ln clearance house certificates. This meant
there would he no panic. It meant
also goofl business hero, while Euto-
pean business was closed down became of war. European rather than
American securities began to slump.
Here is what I* "on." as told In dis-
iwtcbea from Washington:
"'Heprosentatlves of New York foreign exchange houses left tonight for
Washington to hold Sunday confer-
euce wilh President Wilson. They
planned to suggest and unprecedented
procedure of advancing $|00,000,000
credit to England. Bankers from the
principal cities arranged to meet In
Washington Monday to formulate t|
•it-Hi nf action."
(    Wall street Is again In the middle.
j thanks to the tue of credits rather
| than gold,   it vindicates   thc   green*
backer* In their contention that money
»mt»i on the   nation's   credit   In the
licit In the world.
Hut If Amorlcan financiers are
.main In control, Ktiropean caiiltalltti
will bo anxious to get what hond Issues
It tiiti um i»pldl> as |i-u»kitilt*, and then
stop ihe war by refu*lng further credit
to thp nations. In order thst the may
be prepared to combat the American j
financiers tn a new field,   t'nless the
Aunt Muriel, telling her' that I had
no intention of wasting my time on
politics. Unfortunately Billy Coat,
who is always hard up and has expectations ot Aunt Muriel, ^tolled In,
and threatened to punch my head if I
did anything of the sort. So there
was no help for it, you see.
A day of two later her benevolent
ladyship, who seemed to have turned
herself into a sort of election agent,
wrote to say that she had fixed up a
meeting of dock laborers, or something, ln connection with one of her
agencies for the distribution of (bath
butts among "the babies of the well-
behaved poor.
I begged "Cella to accompany me,
but she said she was adamant, whatever adamant may be.
"But, my love," I pleaded, "I've got
to address'this bally meeting, and I
can't speak."
"That," said Cella, "is a great .pit?,
dear old boy—but I suppose the poor
dockers will survive It."
When the wife of one's bosom la
unsympathetic, a man can scarcely 'expect sympathy from a dowager aunt.
At any rate, I didn't get It.
"You simply must speak, my dear
Algeron,' said iMurlel, Countess of
Hendon, as we motored down to the
wilds of East London. "Look at your
brother William," I groaned.
Sho might well ask me to look at
Hilly float. He can't •jmuV for toffee, j
and If Aunt Muriel hn.lu't gone ftboui'
jjiilliiiK wilt'*, Uio poor '<*•*«-*r would
have been leading a tolerably decent
{existence. As It l«, iic'*» practically
certain of an under-*wcrt»tar*«hlp or
something "hen our «M* comes tn,
which means lhat he'll have to upend
all his time In the Hon ;.\ atiiwwlna
a lot of rotten -tjuestbni.
When we arrived at ihe hall do-vn
In Popping Town, or * whatever Ihe
beastly place In called, Aunt Muriel
handed me over to Mr. .lobble?, *ho
>tiook my hand !lkt» .» bally juiroii
handle, and aald  "Thia Is the 'appleit
,-mom-tr.t of my lift, jet .otdahip." I
buropMn «*Uoii», therefore, assume j mM, .-^^, iWfully." nbetenpoxx Ixe
rontrol of their own finances, tbe *ar.!plllhw| „„ fntm„ „ mm nwirtr m
i,1.,h!.^itt?^Of.,l,0/.!T*,:,rl",,Oti*W«P'red   confidentially:     "tf   yer
hordstitp 11 pardon mc, 'aw would a
I I'M tie drop of somdlilitk not"   1 lotd
__„_..   • |W» it would go very well.
i<a> tftanitsril linker In tbe Ameri-s   *** /-**   •»««•*««   * <«***.
last Ioog.~-Appi.ul to lUatou.
THI COiT Of WAH
the noise subsided and   the meeting
commenced. '
Aunt Muriel, who was seated on the
other side of the chairman looked
at me curiously. Ah! I thought; my
estimable relative thinks I'm still in
a funis; but I will disillusion her. I
think I succeeded 'before the meeting
ended.
Several topping phrases opcurred to
we while the Jobbles person was arming; these I wrote down on sUpsof paper. Billy Goat., used to make his
speeches that way, only his agfent used
■ito scribble the notes for himi But
then Billy Goat never gets any first
rate inspirations, such as come to me
by the dozen when I'm really Jn form.
I was in form that night. After
the chairman had been rottin' for
-about ten minutes Muriel, Countess of
Hendon, coughed. Jobbles, wlio evidently knew her ladyship's temper,
then said: "Hi will not detain you
any longer, ladies and gentlemen, but
will content myself with calling upon
Lord Algeron Plusargent, the gifted
nephew of a gifted haunt ('ear, 'ear)
to address the meeting."
He sat down amidst a roar of
cheering from the meeting, and the
applause was redoubled when I rose to
my feet. 'Somehow my feet showed a
tendency to. rise to me, but I'm a good
sailor, so I .placed them firmly on the
deck and smiled at the audience.
I may say tbat I was subjected to
interruption at the very, commencement. A voice -from the .back ot the
hall shouted: "Ho, Algernon!" and
another interrupter invited his fellows to "look at 'is little monocle."
but Jobbles ;put .up his ample hand
and the nolne subsided. Then I
launched out.
"Ladies and Gentlemen—I confess
that I came to this meeting with a certain amount of misgiving, for I am by
no means a practiced speaker. (Hear,
hear.) The sight of your cheery faces,
however, has bucked me up no end.
It has really. (Voice from the back:
Not reallah, Algernon?) 'Br.'nve are
here tonight for the purpose of-er-er
('assisting charity,' whispered Jobbles
from behind) for the purpose of resisting charity. (Dead silence, broken by
an emphatic cough from Aunt Muriel,
warned me that I had put my bally
fo'ot In it. I covered juyself pouring out a glass of water, and the
voice shouted: 'Good, 'ealth, Algernon,'
as I gulped it down.)
"Charity needs no defense.'T continued. "We all believe In it, an.I a,1
of-us^ncluding^m^dlst^iigulslHd-rel'
ative, who has graced the platform
with ber presence, are proud to take
our share, ('Not 'arf,' from the voice.)
We believe In charity wisely administered, but (here I had an Inspiration) while charity to the respeotable
poor is a noble thing, charity to the
radical Socialists is an Ignoble thing.
(A few hear, hears, and a cough from
the dowager.)
"If we look around us, what do we
see? ('Rats!' from the voice.) A
gentleman says he sees 'rats.'
(Laughter.) I can only advise him to
see a doctor. (Loud laughter.) -Being more clear-sighted, perhaps, than
our bibulous friend at'the back (tremendous laughter) we see the empire
In peril. We are surrounded at this
very moment by—('Rats!' from the
voice).
"If," I said, "our friend will refrain from references to the First Lord
of the Admiralty (laughter and
•Garni') I will continue. The present
Ministry Is utterly discredited In the
eyes of every honest man. Look at
the Prime iMInlster. liook at James
Redmond, Look at Ramsden .MacDonald. Ixiok at—Voice: "Is llttlo
monocle.')"
This Interruption was followed by
stupid laughter, under cover of which
Jobbles shouted: Keep orf politics,
me lord," and I said, "I'm damned If
I do." What's the bally use of Awing
a political candidate, t said to myself,
and making ripping notes, if one cnn i
work thom oil on a lot of stupid beggars whose only virtue Is that they
poftttos.* sulfa*   None at all.
t glanced at my notes and discovered to my horror that I couldn't
read them. That absolutely put me In
the cart. I felt a bigger uss than Hilly
float looks. My aunt was coughing
like a shuntlm train, the abominable
.lobbies person wns shuffling his feet,
the platform was heaving up and
down, while member* of thi' audience
were, shout ing: "(Jo on, Algy. dear"
and "Speak np, yer lordship."
I did a'imnk <*.,«. I told that «udl«i«;«
Hit what I thought ot It. "If you
Imagine," I said, heatedly, "that I've
rome down her* to be Intermitted by a
lot of bally asses™ (uproar)—who
have probably never done a stroke ol
the
house, leaving me   standing on
doorsteps Uke a Pyggle idiot.
I always thought politicis was a silly
ass business.   Now I'm sure of it. .
THE WOEFDL
WASTE OF WAR
The hope that the difficulty between
Austria-Hungary and Servia may. toe
"localized" and the Triple Entente and
Triple Alliance may not become involved has been ibased.-on the belief that
the rulers ot Europe must realize what
a terrific and senseless war would
otherwise result. It would, without
question be the worst war In history.
Our age's boasted advance in science
and art would but add to its horrors.
The stories of the number of men engaged and the casualties of ancient
wars are subject to discount. Easy
calculations as to subsistence and
transportation show how Impossible
was the estimate of the size of
the army of Xerxes, for example. But
the 'present military' footing of the
European nations is not a matter of
conjecture. Nor will these nations be
restricted to the primitive weapons
of the ancients. All are supplied with
modern enginery of death-dealing efficiency.
The financial aspects alone cause
one to shudder. The very anticipation
of such a stupendous conflict has
caused the stock exchanges throughout world to close, Great firms ln
Europe and even in the United States
have gone to the wall. For the first
time In forty years the New York
Stock Exchange has been closed
through fear. It Is estimated that lt
will cost $2.50 a day tor each soldier
engaged in war. This seems too low
for actual battle, but when lt ls multiplied by the armies the nations are
marshaling the total staggers the Imagination. We but feebly try to
comprehend an expenditure pf $50,.
000,000 a day. All of this would be
wasted, for war does not create a cent
of value, Its effect being wholly destructive. It is true that the men
would have to be fed and clothed and
transported and they must be equipped
with guns and ammunition. There
would be a temporary profit to some
in supplying goods and services, but
Trouble?
Look for this Trademark
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At
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McLean's Book and  Drug  Store,
Fernie, B* C.
there would later be a terrible reckoning. The fiddler must (be paid and
the next century would not see tlie
war debt discharged.
But less easily, measured would be
the real horror. No money value can
be placed upon the loss of life, on the
ravages of disease, the physical toil
and suffering and on the permanent
maiming of the most physically fit ot
Europe. The Napoleonic wars' injurious -effect upon the French is
marked to this day, although Waterloo
was fought nearly a century ago. Not
the least baneful effect is the brutalizing tendency of war and it influence on the ideals of the people.
Progress in the solution of social and
industrial problems would toe postponed a generation. The rulers of
Europe know' this. Nearly all ot
them have been active ln the cause
of universal peace. It seems Incomprehensible that they 'should let sucb a
trivial matter as the Servian difficulty plunge- a continent Into a life
and death struggle.
We liave been taught that armament was necessary to preserve peace.
The He Ib now apparent. Disarm the
nations and put the armament trust
out of business!
s
A few weeks' re«t from Business at
Glacier Park or the Coast
I
will give you a new base of life, or.to those whose time ia limited, take quickest route east or west, vU the Great Northern
Railway Co.
23 Hours Fernie to Seattle
26 Hours to Victoria
29 Hours to Vancouver
Direct connections at Rexford for East & West
You will enjoy all tha comfort of most modern railroad equip*
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Before purchasing steamship tickets, 1st ua talk It over.
Por further Information apply to
J. A. MANN, AGENT
P.O. Box 461      FERNIE, B.C.     Mon, No, Ml
0-*fi
m
7&&
IP*
y*i* .>,*t.-iiiii*£. Aa the tnnoU of au in-f
tt*   «««*«
Quality — Incomparable
Prices-lowest for Gash
M.
K. Davidson
Sole Proprietor
honest work tn their Ures—(more up.
mint, ttttit i   ftmle jKMij   *e» . mmMSen.    1
ni.**J>^. 'Sih.ilii'.'i'l m*.U ju«w,' Mit tittiita. tu« -.an
KfsUaatiott Into the espendlture oft0*" HUH**-- ->lm4. If 1 maj **t •o."|*M*p tout bully vote*, iTremendous
tV t»<MD»«' tm, I* nothottlf tw the * **" ' -"•'-J|#d 'k* *•**•" ■*&** %*•! mnwwsar, drnitnet wkMi I «■•• pttottd
statement that to centa out of every j'0**" «""w,,wwl W *"■ emt. It niadijto not* nf benevolent aunt -fainted In
dollar i-olleet«4. dirtily or i»41r^ai*.'TO0 w,«* *<**%. t«t the .TobWeajher chttlr.l
M«#* ior military perptmm, inclnd- ■■»»»«•** **»•*»"■•» w* «•■»•• mm onm
ina continuing expenses of pm • **<"«** «>* thnl it would steady my
w»r'« pensions. With ta rwr cenl re- - '""••MP** ttmnn. Thej needed It. It
-lulrMl to maintain onr military and WM 'rm wo* *h,rtr- ! to* • ""•l*1
naval estabHtbmenu. »wy pensions. ■!nBor*'' atx*r *Wch * fl**"* •* B,M*,,
only 3? per cent la available for other\mM my taelt **** H"""***' l****
T-!v..,rtuu'.'ittol iM»iw»K'*. Tluu it «lll
■be seen that ototf other
■-.^.tiU.iniMiUl •HdUa'.m u i.imiwl by
ihf eiirsordlaarr coat of war,
II THE   IV A c°hTb?"1864
HomeBank*Ganada
Msad Office and Nlnt Branches In Toronto
BRANCHES ANO CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
*'
British and Foreign Correspondents in all
principal cities of the World
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager
VIOTOMA AVi,, -«- t- PBRNia   ». O.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HIA0 OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Paid Vp. .$7,000,000      fttstm Fowl ... .$7,000,000
O. R. WILKIt, Fmlfwn HON, ROST JAPFRAV, Vinn+ron.
■RANCH!!  IA  ffRITIIH COLUMIIA
Artendmee, OrankrMtc, remit, QaMtn, KamiMp* Mlfktl, NsIsm,..
R-tvalataka, Vaiw-tuvtr aiitf Vtottrta.
•AVINOI OlFARTMIHT
latWMt altara-i tn dnpnnttn at mmm tele tto**, mm tt eeeenn,
mm* BBAHOH A.M.OWHTlbiN«w
I
THE G ANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HAS INSTALLXO
» mmm w**u »*i#, » mmI. to »eH»
Improve yonr bally conditions, not
w»w rm can go to the deuce!"
With that I inarched off the plat-
form. The meeting, I learned sub-
seqaently, broke op in 4lsorder. We
pot tbe rir ■tiny i.iMy, .itch th? at't
of a tow   policemen,   who happened.
Ik    lu ike *,.»■,.U*t4
f'irerfnlf',1   by   Mr    Jobblai,   wfro,   t
field ot'l'wd* waa a poblloan. an aldenMR,
' m<? ' M-n i-halr-outi, I vmllt.il uu tojfortun.itcfy.   tu
il,* plnttorm, 1 Belahbortiood.
The hall was fall «f tk#» tewet *M4«ft!   «Jty Wnemteat aant m not utter a
gftLJfm   M..1L d/% .   who ttmnrbtd their  hand* and !hwi4 ah»f»<»  *wd   wwil   ahe  reached htr
minmmfmtLW CftJRIWr ** th",f *** *"* w!,,*',w' *** «**<>♦ }h*ww' I" Alkmart* %tr**t. TTien slit
mmnirvtSXx ^-- mmnfv i i* mmm* 8<>'*s tmettitr watn J«M*J«i'*»Mh 1 iiall mt«t forgive jwa, Al-
wuSn xmTxmiSi i^VuSkT!*ISmV '      an* ftc,M tty a. fat tuutd.   Tluu. iKrtton, nensrr aad Owuk.*4 uu» Um>
Sf!
SAFETY DEPOSIT BOXES.
LODGSYOUR
Wills, Title Deeds, Mortgages, Instmoce Pottdea
or other valuables In one of these boxes
s.w
, ..     tea iiNHnaa tttttmbucttott AtivtTtt
Pa Ba Fowler, Manager Farrtke Branch
.araiBB'
RWt'^MllMIM.'SK :m i ij'.i>]ii;*.iii'j,iiiiiiii;i'i
Mnatpan
■i^jriiiwii  '   i
tmet^tmrvimtomamiwnaMnpA
trrAWtmimrwom mtmeoiiiAtunutniMutm. i
AfA,Aif$tsg> ' SXi
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1*7
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THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., AUGUST 22, 1914
PAGE THREE
Social Property
VERSUS
Private Property
Bjr John Spargo
Socialism is frequently defined as
"the social ownership and control of
the means of production, distribution
and exchange." The Ibrief description
of the meanings of words which .we
call definitions are prbveribially misleading, and this definition is no ex-
caption to the rule, As we have seen,"
Socialism is much more than a movement aiming at the socialization of
the means of production, -distribution
and exchange. It is a philosophy of
history, a theory oi social dynamics.
In so far, however, as this definition
is a rough and ready attempt to describe the general economic aim of
the Socialist movement aud the Socialist conception of the economic
structure of what they believe will
be the next stage in the evolution of
society, it may be accepted, provided
only that we understand the lose sense
ln which the words "the pieans of production, distribution and exchange"
are used. In certain cases jackknives
and spades are "means of production,"
but Socialists do not contemplate iba
socialization of spades and wheelbarrows:. If they, obtained complete .control of the Government In any State,
or in the nation, it is ridiculous tb
suppose that they would want to in-
stituo the public ownership and control of jackknives and market baskets. To avoid captious criticism,
taerefore, it Is admitted that Socialism noes noflnvolve the ownership t.f
, a'l Means of production, distribution
and exchange.
1' It were not that the q unifying
word would cause confusion to readers
am! hearers lather than ovove enlightening ard helpful, since it woulc1 convey no exact meaning to their minds,
it would be better to say that Socialism involves the eocial ownership
of the principal means of production,
distribution and exchange. Many
critics first set up a straw man which
they call "Socialism," and then spend
their time in gravely knocking him
down. First, they define Socialism as
tke destruction of all private property,
and then proceed to attack the huge
bureaucracy of their own . creation.
They point to the existence of hundreds of thousands of small farms and
May thrive as bride, or belle, or flirt.*
Cloilies, then, Are necessaaies of life.
In a large sense they are- socfaliy
necess&iy, but they are peculiarly personal -in their use, and properly the
subject of private property. Social
ownership of men's pants and ladies'
shirtwaists would be out of the ques-
tion. Personal tastes, hygenic considerations, ahd the fact that they can't
he manufactured in any desired quan-
ity make the socialization of clothes
an absurdity. Roads are quite as necs-
sary to civilized man, socially and individually, as clothes. We must have
roads at some sort, and good -roads
are desirable. But roads cannot be
multiplied Indefinitely. Land is too
valuable and too limited to allow every citizen to make his own roads.
Besides that, it would be physically
Impossible to have every citizen
make aud own private roads to every
place he desired to go. The Idea of
anybody not owning his own clothes
and the idea of everbody owning(his
own roads are equally fantastic. Just
as a hat or a .pocket handkerchief is
a good illustration of private property,
being something which the owner can
use personally, and without Injury or
inconvenience to others, so the public
street is a good illustration of -social
ownership and control—of active Socialism, Roads are a common necessity, and must be used in common. The
humblest and poorest child has Just
as much,right to use the streets of a
city, and just as big a share in them,
as the wealthiest millionaire.
•So much for the principles which
distinguish private and social property,
Now let us turn to the' production of
things. Shoes are today commonly
made in great factories which turn out
thousands—and in some cases millions
—of pairs every year. The workers in
these factories do not make all the
shoes for themselves; they do not
make them for the use of the owners
of the (factories. The shoes are made
to.jup.ply the common demand for
shoes from "those who, while they
must wear shoes, cannot make them
for themselves. What interest, then,
have the owners of the shoe factories
in the manufacture of so many shoes?
Simply the desire to make profit out
of the social need.   They employ   so
Jean Jaures' Death:
A Great Loss to Labor's
Cause.
^in^strles^iu-dBmuTrt-to-TOOT^qmany workers to make shoes and pay
if the State is going to confiscate these
and manage them Itself.
Of course,  the  Socialists contemplate nothing of the kind.
It is inconceivable that the State
will ever attempt to take away   the
artist's  brushes,  the  small farmer's
farm, or the tailor's needle and shears.
These are all means of production, it
Is   true, but so are   the   housewife's
sewing machine,   frying   pan   and a
hundred other articles of dally   use,
the socialization of which would be
Impossible, and   too  absurd   for anything but opera bouffe if It were possible.   Tools and other necessities of
production which are used by individual owners will, it Is certain, n#ver
be taken away by tho Stnte. Only tools
that arc so complex as to require asso
dated use, Industries in whlrh there
is a division of labor, and ownership
of the necessary agencies of production by others thnn the produce™, will
ever be socialized.   The only   conceivable exception to this would be
cases In which the safety and well-
being of fhe community necessitated
such a strict supervision of some ind!-
vtdiiHl's product as would only bo possible under the State's ownership of
the necessary agents for Its production,   Tho pofslblllty of any product
or Individual labor being so vital to
the life ot tbe community and fulfilling those conditions I* exceedingly remote.
Clothes, for example, are absolutely
iiecewanry to the inhabitants of theae
latitudes, though--
"Down in Dahomey's southern land,
'Mid social functions on tbe aaua,
A negro maid without a skirt
them wages. Then they sell the
shoes to whoever wishes to buy them
at a price greaitly^ in excess of the
cost of the materials used and the
wages paid to tbe workers who made
them. Neither the makers of the shoes
nor the buyers of the shoes have any
interest In maintaining the system
which exploits their labor and their
needs for others' profit. They might
unite, therefore, nnd bring about the
socialization of the shoemaklng Industry. ' But if there should be some
fastidious person who dtd not care
to wear factory-made shoes, and some
shoemaker of the,old school who pre-
the
•10
possible objection. The State would
have no Interest In taking away his
tools.
Such instances of   private   production wil) probably always oxlst,   but
lu general private production'will not
be able to withstand the competition
pf tlio m.ic'l.'lni.'1'y and MiibdlvUlon ol' labor of factory production. On the
utlK-r hand, the consumer will not be
willing to pay the cost of the slownr,
(>M-f:ishloned methods, and. on the
other hand, the shoemaker will not be
.villinii to cum l«»s or to work harder
and !oiig«»r than his fi'llown omployod
In thf siM-lnllxed factories, tioclallsm
docs not  involve  the absorption  of
"Jean Jaures Assassinated! French
Socialist .Leader Killed While Discussing War Situation with Comrades in
Little Restaurant."
These headlines over a Paris dispatch, dated July 31, 1914, told the
sad story. Some of the capitalist
daily paper did not even see fit to
publish the important news item.
When Austrian-Hungary declared
war on Servia the International Socialist .Bureau in Brussels immediately called a meeting of its members
to discuss the situation. It was clear
that with Austria under martial law
it would be impossible to convene the
International Socialist Congress in
Vienna on the 23rd of August, which
was the date agreed upon for the
opening of the International Parliament of Labor and Socialism. Jean
Jaures, as one of its leading members,
attended this meeting of the Bureau
in Brussels, at which the European
war situation was discussed and an
agreement reached to change the
place and date of the Congress by
convening the same in Paris on the
8th of August.
Jean Jaures had just returned from
Brussels and prepared a great speech
on the threatening European war and
the attitude of the International Socialist movement. The death of Jean
Jaures means a great loss to the International Socialist and Labor movement. For the last ten or more years
he was the Bebel of the French So-
ciiaist movement. At the International
Socialist Congress Jaures was one of
the leading spirits and his great work
against militarism and for international peace caused fear and consternation among the ruling powers of
Europe, whose might depends on
dreadnaughts, Krupp guns and bayonets. The real greatness of Jean
Jaures was first generally recognized
during the exciting days of the "Affaire Dreyfus," when Emile Zola was
compelled to flee to England after he
had hurled his "J'accuse!" at the
Government. It was Jaures who then*
stepped to the front and defied the entire military, Chauvinst, Nationalist
and Anti-Semitic clique that was responsible for the incarceration of Cap-
114a{n-DreyfUH-oirD*5vn*s"Island. "tn~the
press and in Parliament he waged war
for right and justice, and after a few
months he had whipped the entire conspiracy crowd to a standstill. Emile
Zola returned triumphantly to Paris,
Dreyfus was declared innocent and
permitted to return to France.
Jaures' political development from a
capitalist professor and politician to
a Socialist philosopher and powerful
leader is remarkable in many ways. It
seems tbat it was this extraordinary
process of political development that
fitted him for the role of getting   to-
INDUSTRY'S TERRIFIC TOLL
OF   LIFE   AND   LIMB
ferred to make shoes by hand In
old-fashioned way, there could be
'-Since the Workmen's Compensation
Law .went into effect on July 1, more
than 14,000 accidents have been reported and claims to compensation
filed. They are now coming in at the
rate of over 1,000 a day.
These are figures that will be apt
to strike most observers with something like dismay. They seeni to be
of a magnitude calculated to overwhelm tbe operations of the law and
exhaust the resources for compensation before the new system is a year
old. a
But they are open to no such interpretation. 'Many of the accidents reported will be found to come from employments not covered by the law. A
great many more will be found too
slight to claim compensation under
the requirement of disability extending beyond two weeks. Only about
35 per cent of the claims will prove
to be valid, according to present calculations.
What the figures do emphasize is
the great toll of life and limb exacted
in our modern mechanical Industries.
It existed before this law; but we saw
it dimly in scattered reports and suits
for damages. It exists now, and we
see it all clearly in figures which are
comprehensive of .the State. The cost
was before uncertain and unjustly
distributed. It is no greater now ,*but
it has been made calculable and the
main burden of it shifted from the
workmen to the whole industrial society.
Whether society will bear this burden patiently is a matter which is yet
to be determined.
What the laundrymen are said to be
doing to recover the expense • to
which they have been put by the compensation law is what most employers will do presently. To pass a
charge along to the public is a sim-
,ple matter. The worst of it is that
the increase in prices will be much
larger than the outlay which it Is designed to cover.
The simplest of all lessons in political economy is the one that many
people never learn. A small tax may
rest lightly upon the one who pays
it, but iby the time it reaches the consumer it is a tax of appreciable size.
A cent'or a fraction of a cent at the
beginning becomes an excuse for a
nickel or a dime later on. Everything
of this kind is passed on, so that as
the complexities of government increase, tbe cost of living rises in a
-njuch—greater-ratlor—~
The fact that public regulation
often ends with the imposition of a
tax accounts for a. good many failures of reform which are not otherwise explained.
Already in cases where employers
cannot see their way clear to passing
the tax along they have begun to discriminate against married men. If
si ch discrimination is permitted there
will soon be a new economic problem
in industry so serious that lt will affect the whole public welfare,   '
There is nothing easier than to talk
about   "social   Justice" o.i .platforms
those fellows are only worth ?1.50 to
watch machines." That may be, but
they are rendering a social service.
We are calling on a larger and larger
number of people to do nothing but
watch machines.—Dr, Scott Nearing,
University of Pennsylvania.
SOCIALISTS
PROTEST
AGAINST  WAR
National Committee of the American
Socialist Party Issues Appeal for
International Peace
CHICAGO, Aug. 17.—Condemnation
of the European Powers engaged in
war and a demand that the United
States act as mediator are contained
in a proclamation issued yesterday by
the national committee of the Socialist Party.' The" statement also calls
upon foreign-born workingmen in the
United States whose home Governments are at war, to hold joint meetings to "emphasize the fraternity of
all working people."
In the proclamation adopted the
national committee of the American
Socialist Party extends fraternal
greetings to the working class of Europe irrespective of nationality, and
calls attention to' the fact that the
working people have no reason to
fight each other in death dealing war
brought about by irresponsible, insane rulers and the capitalist classes
whose tools they are. Poverty, hunger, unemployment and oppression of
the working class in any country, are
not caused by the working class of another country, but by their own ruling
classes, the proclamation says. War
is a -barbarian method of settling real
or imaginary wrongs or grievances,
and for this reason the Socialist
Party condemns the present war as a
crime on the nations of Europe. The
ruling classes of Europe have shown
by their latest action that they are ab-
soluetly. unfit to protect the life and
welfare of the nations.
instead of turning me over to a human
brute'to* be tortured and starved, take
my life in the easiest and quickest
way,'and your God will reward in this
life and in heaven.   Amen.—Ex,
READY   FOR   RELEASE
She .was a lady visitor to the prison,
kjndly and well meaning, and as she
chatted with a burglar who hud been
sentenced   to  six  months'   imprison-
gethor and   consolidating   into   mm      , .    .
great united mirtv \h,, «.„. V .,      ! aml ,n Btum" Bl,eoel»«8. There is noth
o?V<"cTsSwi. «   T' faCtIon"i»«s »o» difficult to government than
work nf t««„ 1...J1   Y      ,, i o!nI or oiherwiie.   In the case of  tho
comrade. m,ght ,tni b. flZJl ^ EY'" T™ ,0 "P0B?to the pub-
amonc themseivA. n„ i .*, . snunfc »* to now burden* than the appalling
among themsehea nnd their represen-j 8tatUt,C8 of lluluBtrla, (Jpnfh am, m||-
PRAYER OF THE HORSE
■To thee, my master, I make my
prayer: Feed me ahd take care of me.
Do not jerk the reins, do not whip
me when going up hill.
Never strike, beat or kick me.
Watch me, and if I refuse to do your
bidding, see if thero is not something
wrong with my harness.
■Do not give me too heavy loads;
never hitch me where water will drip
on me. Keep me well shod. Examine
niy teeth wheu-J_fn.!i-io_e^-*+-i-mfi-8-!V
have an ulcerated tooth. That, you
know, is very painful. I am unable'
to tell you in words when I am sick;
so watch me and I will try to love
you.
Protect me in summer from the hot
sun. Keep a blanket on me in winter
weather, and never put a frosty bit In
my month, but hold it in your hands
a moment first.
1 carry you, pull you, wait patiently
for you for long hours, day or night.
I cannot tell you when I am thirsty:
i-Rlve me clean, cool  water often In
hot weather.
Finally, when my strength is gone.
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Heto
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
ment, she thought she detected signs
of reform in him.
"And now," she said, "have you any
plans for your future on 'the expiration of your sentence?"
"Oh, yes, ma'am!" said he hopefully.
"I've got the plans of two banks and
a postoffice."--Penny Pictorial.
%
i-,-ii*m
JOHN PODBJELANCIK. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off you* bill any item of lumber not
found just its wo represented.   There
is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you «*ut spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Thuso who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
bave not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if tbey bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers in —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Steam Heated Throughout
Electrir Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The  Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection,
In
be
the Cliambor of  Deputies
far below H.p present 100
Hnl ownership mnl cnn'rnl of or.lj
such property as la socially necessary,
and of such awnclps of proiltictlnn,
distribution and exchange as are socially operated but exploited for private until —8t. Louis Labor. v
tatlon
would
mark.
Jaures, the a rest apostle of lntonm-
tlouul ppace. thn ari'h-Piicjny or war
ami militarism, was one of thu first
victims of Chauvinist fanaticism!
The highprk'Sts of war und militarism
Illation which tliey now presented for
the first tlmo ln concrete form.™X. Y.
World, July .11.
PLEAD8   FOR   THE   MAN   BELOW
We have npi'iit too long flMiirliiR oil
nm. _ ,.,   „ whether tli«>  workingman were over-
,, "r       " f0r/h0 dt'ttth °f   lW* ■»»«•■ •»-«*" ""•>• ^ drunk or did
2   Jl,rr^ lh" mny ™»-«Tmln«l ns to whether or uo. thU
countries.   At every Socialist wther. | drunk.   They ar« determined hv very
KING'S  HOTEL
dar Mici'lieil with  tlm  Ix-i-t  Wine*,
l.i(|iioiw and rigid*
UlNlNli  ItouM   IN tONNKrriON
XSS WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
W. MILLS,
Prip
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Bast Accommodation
Up-to-Dste — Every
Excellent Cuisine-
SUITABLE  FOR   LADIES
In the  Past.—
Convsnlence,-
AND JENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
thousand* of small farms and lndtia-Jln_ »h„ w„r,V  '.  ■,-••**   .*,*.„*9.   ...,.-, .,.« , ..., .
tries by the State.  It involves the io.  ,"?,"     ,*, * ovur.'     "BmB of J»anlarKe economic forces tint  regninte
"■•    - '-        •    --—    --'-•-- \',mt«* *•» be spoken am! the nre*fww*». and   th,.   hvw   -.,<■<-,■*     ..,•■'
'*      ''* y<|*, i li\ |.|        mI<m -4  i
wilt 'ilTtn^' V,° ^  f<Mnra',e' 'Vl,kh ,fc* lB<"vWtt"» W*n *«« »» W«
• hi live in the minda nnd hearts of peril, and In « law itmnortien of 'r*
hu»« who** highest aim snd asplr*.! itanees, faces disastrously,
tion Is the emancipation of the work- j.   And we hove .pent too lona * time
JL, . H? ,. .r.rom ww* itawnr.:i» «yi«i to th* mMxxmnn. *m>
upon unich capitalism and militarism i dear, follow, if ,«« don't ilk#   the
are founded. Military censorship prevented tho tpreading of the news or
.Inuri's' death, and It will tako some
time before thn Hoclnllats tlirouahout
Kuropp, America and elsewhere will
learn that their tiroat leader lost hi*
wages go to thn top; them it plenty
of room at tbe (op; go '-l> where yon
will not n superintendent'* or « manager'* salary, or l»ecoi»# proprietor
yonrself."
Thi* r»-hittoii IwlarPMi ik* namWr *d
,ltti*i..UW *'m,W* W,P ,w,B,t W»'|IB*» •• *h« *m n»d tb*  number of
"ithlnone   year oar International'men down h«l«w In modern li,l»«irv
nwwntitl haa tost two of H« ablest
leader* and trentest t»»n—August
Bebel and Jean Jaures! The oaotea of
lletiet and Janrea »p<>(| friendship mwj
peace hei ween the Herman aad
.French nations, telntidiliil^, pomt nod
bnrmmj between tbe nstt<w« of tt*m
•wna; uefore thia Barapeen war
j .uiiutiian, t* milMnO np MM poeee to-t
taUbUakttt, ti* teachings of Debet
nod Itiswt trill! btxomt tuaoatm to
many tmndrtda of thoutaade of men
aad women ot all nations *** x*m1f
met mi, entme tbntr nm b*tort.-<_
A. Hoekn, ft St. L«iit Ubor
m Sunkist Oranges
'i^BEr" v
«&.:
,'w|IW"""~-' ■"'' """"
?4
Tftt Wftrfee Lftfpf raw-ton mnrn rnoeototbmottfomotpoeoemvmPom
•UNMOUNTING  TMI  OWieUlTr
Ab ondorttted ttdtet appmaflfted a
•WVMit te th* benwek nm et Mv
Of emt mtlthry 4«pwf9r   ■"%  vtW4l w
$tdn mn nmy," bn onit. n*awi**«t
looked kl. m bed 4ow, tmlmZ,
"?•■ <MMt totn ti* ormt, my |gd;
l«i*r*  mw  nmN*    -Te©   fotut*
•tM tk* ywtftk. "Hat alwtt tfett Ut-
tin ktbntr orer tbmrnf* "But km ha mm
nESLft^JV *!!; «*W*i|«lito^ •* mm em mm ma* ot*
I miltZe ,1 111!? **tt,a,,-r; «*"'»« mt« *• «*<«*> «"ft "***
|i»j*MjMtM«fn«H*» I vttmm-m.emimemeem.~tlb*.
ts aboaliitely fixed by Industrial or-
gantmtion, Uy  »>»tcm  at Uulu«tri«l|
organisations and Industrial mana**-'
mont.   We do uoi want mh-ii nt th« j
top.   We do waai toea down below
nmrnp ** trvlml, ti* distribution I
td ertwmtlma le the etna*** •»'»••««. *
•a reported by th* I'nHM «lt*te« it'
ta shown (but tbere are forty-three |
proprietors nnd firm mentors. TSoj
Miarlw-d o-HVter*. •wn*ri*t«wt*»ata tail
manager*. »7» rlerka and MMItj
sr**e«e**meT«.   *trt*-t<   n-mVet t*» a*.n.t
portion between proprietors not firm J
■ember* and «r*sjre*«*fM**f» I to *t,7C«,;
and therefor*, th*** men golag la aad'
Hrlng aad trorkinc vader Um ***•
Mail* faee > situation where ti*
rhanres arw ov*nrtMt*riMI~Mti»
Hint unity -merw-ae-nm-ng—tiat thty
will wtror be anything else eweftt
••neewHtier*.. We hsve (ursetfeally
»t off a bms's eeeotmmttf tm rielag.
We ia»-e i*tet«ti<#4 * nyMtm wt wte*
clunlr* mbet* n* bnte * mnefcttt* to
to ti* «or* aad * mnn to •ateh ti*
wmttie*. med enm nm mot* we et*
ottmtmn *» a*e«^ie atkm wateft the em-
'/$**
&
s f/^l^$.-*m,
A X  \ '*       (T
Now Heaviest with Juice
CahlormgOrangri aro heav,.       ^ f    Sunkht hemmu
end with Juice, tweetett and
mmt hcnefidal.
Over ten million daily are
being thipped from California
tnd thik mmem mo now be*
ing offered by all dealer*.
Every Stmkht Orange ii
glove pic Wttanilt-fNiiewrspptd
—»hippeJ«npickingdaf,tlirre«
fore tfwuyi truth. And pric«»
vert never to low aa mm.
iunkttt Oranges ite both
tttel ond guudl jbr torn, fcat
iBcni aa warrj mni, mwim
«twdNtndalbcHli«M»e. Trf this
lor tptint fcrtt. Give tbe
children this Juk»-tbi» drink
wi ueuua* pttidf.
Beautiful Rogers SUverware
.ta^Otamntmi*tt^nankl*tOt»o^*miUt**m*.Uat**imai
' ws ami*, men fttaot\ fmrnkr**.te «*t«-' o*.*atknm
[jt geataiiW** liegtff^^isi*. M mttpfta* aa*t
wtetta ttnma *ronf*w,ttk*ai. mamatmammttat
too. For anting' parpen** or
for leuionutlti. tbvro mw no
othorhtmmsUkt>thvtn- htghlp
flavored, Julep, protrtcallp
Mttedlctt
Thew are the htt Mint
and the hitt lemon* -the kind
that look most appetiamg,
rfit*r«1 or ijiiartffr^, ttt ttrvo
with fith and meat*.
Try Sunkitt Lemon juice itt
etaft*nl*tft*i.it9*tl9**9.9%,!,. -,, *  t
t»
drettin-r or in not tttb*r A**h
I heve leiwint are grown,
picked ind thtpped with tbe
iame care media I heoroduc*
tion end handling of Sunkist
Otnwtm,    Yemt rmrrr bet
them or ten getthemat once.
'///.
//,
WI-CMlbwt,'
Wan tm m*ajmtm»mntm,t wm wm« ftm mw
^wTpp(w_yWf,fpPi ■w*WMe» BrtftmVffe WWHT emf
taiumttstmmtm. tmommomn
nm K'>k*tit>ktalk¥<»>»«• i«lMile
wmmt. ,.-.m*.im-mta,^^nmi^lmm
wife mm mtimmtt flnHfcHhHl WtttwutfMA a
IMRCMguCW-
■***,„
wn
***££*$
Atbwett, PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0, AUGUST 22, 1914
$1# Sisirirf £ttytx
Published every Thursday evening at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. 0.   Subscription $1.00
i
per year in advance.    An excellent advertising
■"''.■ ■ ii* ■ .
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
nolor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager.
Telephone No. 48       Post Office Box No. 380
WILL THE WAR SETTLE THE UNEMPLOYED
QUESTION?
Tin* rethark was niade quite recently in out'
hearing that the present mir would solve the unemployed question by "killing a few off"! The
individual who makes remarks of'this nature is tlie
last person to think of "going to the front," and
invariably has sufficient grey matter, if sparingly
used, to cover a five cent piece.
'Depopulating a country never solved the unemployed question, for to the mind capable of the
most superficial analysis it. must be immediately
apparent that this would have, the reverse effect.
livery country has experienced a period of depression after a war of any length. True, this applies
more often to the vanquished than the conquerors,
but both Great Britain and Japan found war unprofitable—that is the working class liave. It is
the interests of tlie worker we consider, not the parasite whose patriotism is so great that he will take
advantage of his country's misfortune to accumulate wealth. By killing a few workers you reduce
your market. It does not matter what the living
conditions of these workers'"were, they have been
consulting a certain amount of product and required a certain quantity of clothing, and with
their death it will be necessary to find another market. If this market* i.s not found, and it must De
admitted by -all that this is no easy problem to
solve, then we still have over-production and unemployment. As a matter of fact, the statement
that the* killing of a few workers will solve the
unemployed problem is. the rankest, rottenest and
most asanine of remarks it is possible to make.
The pet argument of the capitalist apologist is
that unemployment does not exist, and that any
man who really desires to work can get a job. This
is in part true, but, not only must be desire to work,
he must be prepared to work longer hours and for
less pay than the other fellow. IMie is willing to
do litis, then he slmll always have a job. Tlie unemployed are always credited with being thriftless,
ne'er-do-wells, who would not Work if they had Ihe
chane-e. If this is the case and the men at present
fighting for their lives and King are by being
killed making room for the unemployed, then the
situation looks worse than hopeless. We do not
care to be so uncharitable as to suggest that the
men fighting nre the unemployed or a portion of
them.
( Thextflieiticnt that war will solve the unemployed
question would look like a candid admission that
um»inployiiient is a reality and not the result of ir-
responsible staleiiieiils by labor leaderi* ami  So-
cialixts,
TtroKc wim have Riven the hint ter the «li|?htesl
consailei-atiaii ivali/<- that   labor   is  a <l<.n»liio<lil>.
much tlie same as other commodities.   The willing
work it. ur s5;ive. has a hitfhor value than the unwilling worker, just the same a miifhine that i-ont
#r<0 nnd does the work of one coaling twice ns much
will nlwnys find a favorable tnnrM.   Tlu» worker
♦•nn always get n job. provided he will cuter into
I'ompotition  with  his  fellow  worker.   When  the
I'nioti puts all workeis on a flat scale of wnmes il
i...... i,..;. ■*»,.... i <f i.i M.. l,'^i >*. j in-1 ni-* i oni i \ .ij i.iih-
jHtiftiiti aiiM.iiu the whiUit*. it i-iimpeU the manter
to recognize ii fcUimlartl fur the worker, winch is the
la*l tiling lie wishes.
I,«lw.r, tinn f*.t>\ in a commodity, uiul jiiat aa
othi-r *fojitmoi|iii<'*> during  the   war and after the
war nre B<'iv<'rti<'il '*->  tb'tnainl. %*> it Wo will tlw un
••titploycil qtii-ot'ioi  bi- affi»i«teil      If tlieiv N j<  i|>
iniiul fol' litl'ill' il Mill Im- Ii.,;mI*m t-apillil IVtjIIHV**.
lu't*   *t<it*.'!imi*<-*   fillnl,   ;itid   if  tli,-IV   U   ll,i  dcillillul
;'*.i  .iiiii:,<..*.](m. - ill,   ..titivhi.uv*-. w ill ii.it !«• fiili'il.
Vow, Mr   J{« ,in|i>r. if v.m "kill ,-t fW off." x\h*rf
Wtll  file «!»-»<!■ Mill «'<HHI-  III ;'
Stnli-  nf   \V;i<<fMii(ffon.   like  t'.-ilifoi'iiin    will   ulttt
t.ll.c  it  l<ii n l.ilillll   Mil.'   ill  Xl»V«'lllll«*t' l.ll   till-  |,|u|n».
-.tiin-fc nf •"•';vl.!Whiuu; an .i'icclit lnHH' law.   Tit.;' bill,
#*,it,,,,-,-*.it Vi,» *l,(-, Wai..".'**?*^   irfm*-.1!.! -MrM-M*-?!,  -»,*  ..'.rt**
V ,,*,,.   ,X.-.f  :,    XI X'.-nfft   ,,t .«-* ,J\-  t,..  it.f* Cl-^lt     .-,..»,,.,,♦
'i.i,* ,)'jr'. ull or., xxh-ffi' -fiJijuoy-f-r* wmlt] hi: [xmiM-
*,(*,it| I,**".* -."• „i»V  *l-,:i"i* nf*rfi-«ii f!„.i)fi ?.i,.'.*!iif*>a, -ti .,t't|.*,« nr?.*.,.-*,., in.,f.....	
nary to "i*r.  for «ro|»s    It '% mlli-pr funny lo tnnr
•' |*    I...* I     .*   »>*-*. ,»     t'tlii**ri-M   - r»»»"t*i*»<"r    f»»iil   *.»l ,***•   <•*  ,
i:o|«.,|i*4ti" t^t*.'r**U l»oi«'Hfif tbat thry will K- rn'mv»\
it IItf f'wht *ii<mr Any I* estiiblinh-cil. Sum*** <»f lh«»ir
working «lnv«'« will probably Wli**** lh»» Muff mul
x*de mf»tis*t tht* . iffhl biotr pro(M"»*tlitod 11»'v»*-
1*****1 lltt^n
x ,.   »• **.  * *   o r,r*>* „.-xy,... ,i At,,*--. ■*.. •   i    *., ,,),*.
la  lh*. »*»?!»Vii l\iri;.iiinitf t«i a*-*)*'   • 'vs .i i'.-vr
j .,tt   •et'ihtr**    Tin i*   *•*.*■> ti jo...   ..   ., *...-„.   iiii*
••iotj*»nf.t ,bi'ti«r» t«iw»riU tb'- Hiii-*-. ■■ r,b.-f fnn*l
lr,rt(* tbr Ml?" »llth»»f»I|i-» l*»w»nii\ ,' l|«.- r^Wti*-
ii   'Ulill    ll»r»    »»*•■»*«-  ••K'FHWI»In-»l   t'i.*   -,.,iii   itn-iO   «>l   ri-
|i«»%- tn tb* khIoihi mu) '*ri*Unit<*    Tin  »•• «111 * * r #**i
i-r.lliti'*!**! mi$ht ie%* rutti*.
WAR NEWS
"War may be described as a disease—a fever—
which periodically attacks the civilized nations of
the world. One o'f the greatest sounjes for breeding the bacteria is the yellow journalism that flourishes so largely ia every large city or town, both
here and in Europe. So far the European powers
have succeeded admirably in maintaining the closest secrecy with regards to the movements of
troops. Within the last three or four days about
as many inches of authentic news has been allowed
to lie published, while most of the news printed has
been a reiteration of official news or ''rumor and
report.''
It was the -Japanese who first, gave Europe the
idea that if wars were to be conducted successfully,
secrecy was.indipensalile. It was the Oriental instinct that first conceived the necessity of .striking
first and talking afterwards; they were determined
that war should not be conducted for the benefit of
the newspaper reader, who saw nothing in the -war
beyond a crazy desire to satisfy a ghoulish appetite for news—to know how many were killed!
During the Boer war of 1899-1002 every petty
victory, or alleged victory, was announced by special editions of the papers, bulletin hoai'ds. music-
hall artists, town-criers, etc.. and when m-en heard
•this news they howled and roared on the streets
of the big cities, smashed windows, blocked thoroughfares, slapped people, who were strangers to
them, on Mie back, and insisted on shaking hands
with them, jostled and assaulted inoffensive
females, and finished by getlting crazy drunk, all
to satiate their excited and over-wrought feelings
at the thought of victory! This was more or less
attributable to the manner in whioh the newspapers
served up the news of our glorious and brilliant (!)
resistance of a handful of Dutch farm'ers. Every
edition that did not contain the news of victory—
or disaster—foretold some brilliantly conceived
plan by the editorial strategists to defeat the Boers.
Men thought more-of the morning course of sensation served up by the newspapers than they did of
their breakfast.
The absence of war news, however, is calculated
to have a soothing effect upon the present temperamental spirit of patriotism that exists in this
and other countries. True, it may not allay the
feelings of those •who have relatives and friends
in the vanguard. The only knowledge that they
have of the demise of husband, brother or son is
contained in the stereotyped official notice to the
effect "yourihusban'd (or whoever the relative may
hA* -h"S-fs*lle.!i-iii-tho.-d"fensc—cf—his-soiistPv*.—	
COALHURST  NOTES
fin-
'  (Continued <rom Puge Five)
a jewel of honor, and the evenin;
ished up dancing.
The ibricklayvers are again at work
for the company, this time building
an addition to the washhouse.
Jim Mclvor showed up in Coalhurst
a few days ago and started to work
in the mine right away.
Tom Dawson was a Coalhurst visitor .for a couple of days last week,
looking up old acquaintances. He
left for Beaver 'Mines to look for
work.
Ralph Turner quit the mine on
Saturday and left for the mountains,
where the coal don't need to be
shoveled.
' Jack Thornhill   of   Diamond   City
started to work here this week.
Howard Start, the lampman, received notice Monday of his services
being required by his country, he
being a marine reserve .man. He says
he don't believe in war, liut he would
as soon fight as eat, any tune.
Harry Cox was In Coalhurst from
Calgary last week, looking up. relatives and friends.
Arthur Benson received some slight
injuries to his foot on Tuesday in the
mine, which will probably cause disablement for about a week.
A Socialist meeting was held in the
Miners' Hall on Sunday afternoon. No
imported speakers were billed. A
call was made to the Local spouters,
who responded right merrily.- The
subject before the meeting was, "War,
for What?" and considering that
there were present most all nationalities who are at present in arms
with and against each other, the topic
under consideration was very Interesting to all.
The Picture Hall is to be reopened
on August loth, we are given to understand. The building has been
made far more comfortable than it
was. The price of admission wil} be
15 cents and 10 cents,
Louchle McMillan and family left
Coalhurst for Beaver Mines last week.
Teddy Furshongtook a trip to his
southern home to Inspect the crops,
etc. He reports alfalfa very good and
that the lemons have been hit by the
frost.
A survey party is at work* around
the Kipp Station district. The rumors are that it is a mining proposition,  getting in^o  shape  for  shaft
strongest advocates of that resolution
were today playing in" the. band.
•From the viewpoint of Socialism, the
situation is worse, as this is a time
that advocates of the doctrine should
stand shoulder to shoulder the world
over in their opposition to' war. But
we find in Taber that men who are regarded as the shining lights of Socialism were playing patriotic music to
men who were going as hired slaughterers against their fellow workera
across the sea. Consistencey, thou
art a jewel. , ,
A mining school is going to start
in town in September, and it .is expected that a number will take up the
study.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
*■ ♦
e*       BEAVER MINES NOTES       ♦
This is considered sufficient intimation for the
relative of the worker, while it is possible that tho
friends of those in commissioned ranks may receive
a more lengthy note of condolence. In any case,
you know the obituary notice of the worker,
"fallen in the defense of his country." To the
ultra patriot, who has nothing to lose but his voice
through shrieking "Rule Britannia." this may pa-
pear sublime and poetic.  It is!  Sublime hell!
To the rational and sane individual, capable
of thinking outside the passion and hatred engendered by an alleged patriotisin.it is tlie most
damnable, ghastly, and henious crime that man ever
conceived,
Hut the war lords are doing more to create a
spirit of sanity among the workers than could have
been accomplished by any other method. War
without news will soon become unpopular ami
when the worker of Europe realize that they nre
retfiil'dec
b«* maimed and killed by a blood-crazed autocracy
its they
llnklBg; r
A smoker Is billed for Saturday
night in the (Miners' Hall. Some good
talent will be present and a good time
Ib expected.
Paul Skmldge sold out his property
last week to Tony Cancelller and left
Coalhurst to take up a homestead.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ FRANK NOTE8 ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
(Married—Hector McDonald to Ml»<
Janet Blair, both of Hillcrest, on Saturday morning, nt the parsonage,
Prank, Hev. W. p. Young performed
the ceremony.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
TABER NOTES
♦J
♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The American Girla' liut>eball team.
as something less than autoiiialoiiis to  ftllUl1 "a* been traveling the couu-
'.■>  the pant couple of months, will
... „.,.,* ""> coticliwloni! with the Taber warn
.   desire, then may we expect to find *hrm\M y.u.in-,uy.   TJm) JU!J01.M. i^ Bil,
staiadiiitf .shoulder to shoulder,  not  fighting the w.  m  uiiyiiduute,    Uani-u  mart*  ai
battles of Kings and Kmperors, but fighting for a tf.ut
fuller and greater existence for theniselvpu.
The worker does not re(|uire a riflo, neither does
he rci|uire a safety deposit.   Their possession* are
The bunt football mtne of the tm*
non was neen tn Taber on Wedoen'ai"
lam, when the Lethbridge Galilei
jiUjt'i] the liomn team io n draw, l-l.
nil, and will be so long m they fight for "their'The Taber team wan abort on their
country (!)" and not for themselves. He han ww "Wilar l»liv«t, «n<l .'arte Foater,
pos«eH*ioit~~his life; but they auk liim to sacrifice *ho Ptoya left half, waa playoil aa
'  ,   , .. .      ,,   .  ,     , , , onttlde Inft. ami a new man fillel h.a
Un* fur something lhat he does not poors!!, ami j IiMh|0|)i   Bo|h ihw<Ml up mU   T)<„
under cxtHtiinr eonditions never can, Yes. you ean i f?,.n( t,.,ir ..mm .i»fit ,,t, aw. v-v-
| sacrifice everything- your job, your family and! Iimih team minainK several uo.tf
i \lw» your Iif-    but ymir «luiin«   VKVKIt' clunien.   In th* necond half. 'h» Vul-
j ' *__  iltca preaned hard, but the Ti»!»*r. «!<*•
»„, ,   ,   , .,     i i      ,   , , ,. .     jf.nm. waa too good, and tlw  **«r*f
<     The tfi-iittgle b,'twe*'i, the  labor-hiiM-* and I im.m, (...^ ,n ^ BB||| (ihM| fm m,R.
(workers at Stockton, California, is spreading.juim from Um«. when tho flrai »,o.ii
i Nearly all ehi*s«*i« uf employer* funned a euinbiitM- -,-.n eotiiiujil. Th«» mm* w«ir to th.i
: -t*ot< ii-ul derided to .iifurce the open >lmp in all in.' tallies' *nd of th* fteld ami T*!M»r
The r.trht  sliirled in n flour mil!. th«'il i«l«a»««J.   '«■» " ^e ball waa «*(■»•
i.i. l ihe time U4* up. Jutlulim lint
(ili.v, the C«III«»* wm» MitltNMl »o win
nn v.o doubt th*"*- **r* ih* bm iwm i
diiMrii'«,
spit-ad !<
ti-.iiii>t.T*», ladr io building trade),, and
,'iin.ln   workera and tailor*.   The Tniun
For the past year or more Beaver
Mines notes were handled by John
Loughran, Local secretary, but owing
to .pressure of other business and
working twelve hours shifts, Sundays
included, 'he has not time to do justice to the happenings of the locality
as a scribe, and ls anxious to find a
substitute. "Old John" will, however,
continue to deal with the Local Union
notes until a more suitable chiel Is
appointed    (.Impossible!—Bd.)
The benefit dance in aid of the Hillcrest disaster relief fund was about
the best entertainment held in Beaver for a long time., About forty
couple glided gracefully around the
Lyric Wall from 9 p. m. on August
7th until 3 next morning. The orchestra furnished some of the best music
ever heard in Beaver since the orchestral concert of two years ago.
Dave Lamond, an old Beaverite,
came from .Bellevue to assist the orchestra with his picalo, and as a
musician, Dave takes a lot of beating. We might also add that Mr. Lamond came here at his ow:i ?xpei.?e
and gave his service free. Jack Claw-
ford, who as a violinist, is out on his
own in these parts, was at hi* bast,
whilst Mrs. Cameron, as pianist (and
all the other musicians), were in such
good form that those who did not
dance declared the received value for
their money ln music. Tbe sale of
tickets realized over $60, which, considering it was the first full pay
most of the men had had for months,
was not too bad, but when things get
well away here, no doubt another
benefit concert will be gotten up. The
cash has been forwarded to A. 3, Carter, Pernie. Jack Crawford and John
G. Prentice, fire   bosses,   were    re-
nection with Beaver Mines, and at
present is thinking of returning east.
Mr. iMorrlson, who has been here for
nearly three years, is well respected
and was made a J. P. about twelve
months ago. We learn that a .presentation to he and Mrs. .Morrison is
under way, by the' members of the
church with which they were hoth
closely identified.
Trade ii -Still good at the mine, and
from the railway cars that await reloading, the output of the mine - is
severely taxed.
Local Union Notes
The regular meeting of this Local
was convened at 3 p, m. on Sunday
by Bro. Sam" Nicholson, president,
with a fairly averaige attendance, Perhaps the resolution passed at the previous meeting, when it was agreed to
collect a fine of 50 cents, from all
members not attending at least one
regular meeting per month, helped, to
fill the hall. After the minutes cf
the previous meeting were adopted as
read, Bro. Tom Huges, on behalf of
tbe auditing committee, stated that he
and Bro. Tom Barnes audited the accounts of the Local for the six
months ending June 30th, nnd after
examining all cheques, receipts and
vouchers, signed the books as being
found correct. .    .
The  pit committee report created
a good amount of discussion, several
brothers declaring that tlieir places
were abnormal. Eventually a resolution was passed instructing the secretary to write District President
Phillips to visit this camp at as early
a date as 'possible, in „ order to
straighten matters out, if possible.
Bro. -Sem. Nicholson sprang a surprise on the meeting by tendering hia
resignation as president, which, after
several expressions of regret, was
accepted. Bro. Nicholson has- beeu
.president for about two years, and
was always deeply interested in the
welfare o'f the Local and the U. 51.
W. of A. in general. He and his colleague, C. Banttilliers, are leaving
the camp for Great Palls, .Mont.,
where Sam'used to reside, and where
his son, Frank, and other relatives are
at present.
A few brothers disputed the measurement of their places, as s'hown by
the pit boss, but on the places being
measured by the pit committee, In
the presence of the complainants, it
was .found that the pit boss' statements were quite correct As impressions that measurements are not
correct often occur, although a re-
measurement proves that such is not
the case, we think it would be wise
in future for a competent Local official to accompany the pit boss whtm
taking measurements and to keep a
copy of all contract measurements.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-:   • Proprietor
sponsible for the sale of most tickets,
but all members of the committee,
and Jacks from the saloon did their
best and If more money .was not released, the fault was not theirs,
'Mr. and iMrs. Dave Lamond were
the guests of Dave and Mrs. 'Muir for
the week-end. They both took In the
pictures, and Dave assisted the orchestra in his usual style.
Simon Mcintosh, Burmis, and John
A. McDonald, agent, both came to the
dance and apparently enjoyed themselves.
•Mike Dowser, lllalrmore, who has
been employed hero for the past three
weeks, pulled out today.
Young Jack Watson alao pulled out
today, with the Intention of serving
hia King and country.
Dennis Guthbrldge, who has been
employed In the mine here for over
twelve month, hui left and la employed aa rough rider ou the Bate
ranch. Denny *w»v»» an -Rxhlbttlon of
his equeatia'n ahllltlea last Priday
night on a bucker outside the saloon,
lie aame to grief, however, but was
soon In the saddle again and eventually subdued the bronc.
norn—To .Mr. and Mrs. Harry Untie, blarttsmlth, a braw wee lassie.
Mother and bable dolnf well.
Xorman Morrison, cashier for the
llrm here, Is aibout to aever his con-
33123
HERE IS»SQUARE DEAL
and peaceful security as well.
With a policy In our oM line
company, you can go off on your
vacation or visit the ends ot the
earth and you know you're secure.   Tbe best ln
FIRE INSURANCE
ts always cheapest, and especially so when it doesn't -cost
higher. Don't delay about that
renewal or about that exitra insurance you want but come right
in at once and have it attended
to.
M* Ai KASTNER
SOLE AGENT FOR FERNIE
ALEX BECK BLOCK, » FERNIE, B. C.
SI
Established April 1899
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail   TobaCCOnist
- 'i       .       " -x -   ■*■■'■*.
BARBER SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILI IARD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
C
Our Coffee is Good
_j
Nmwmmmawmm
HM
lammia
lluM   til
liiiitir* tiiciHii funi-tin* tlir<>'liiion «l«il,v p«|^m Tin* Tatwr *»»*kn«»*» is in th* tor-|
inl.i !li<> fii'lil. iliri'iiti'fiimr In "illulnnv nil mlvi-rtiN- wur.l line, n* the «lcfeiiM» is «w,tut|
Jut* Th.- »..i.«!il Tvpnffmplii-Ml Tnion M.I a *{*.-..bl »» *»jr*lil»« In tbla part of the eo«B.f
„,„„„* ih.,1 Wrt immin,,.,,,^ .» tenet* tlicr;;^^i.%-'itonWM^'
„ t * **     *   t t      ■ #*""*** IIM**WWII mil Wi  liim   !*HtM9*r wlwlt
mh,,,., I.. »tiy wr that was liom.tte.l l.v tl... ;t ^ u um wp|10M,a lQ ^ Ma   u,
Ktii|tJ«»ycrv«.' AMwicinhnti mul notified I. T. I', IwnA- j |,j8y mntb football.
.|tiiirtvir» .a linliiiiii«i|*)olU *>■> win- to that i*iUi-'..   .\     A pern* U*t*■*"•..*/> tbe t^fta-Jui Wt-vt
r      * i i... *t   ... ,,      '.    t •?. -  n-tt- ..*'..-     ., ■«,.
*, a     4,
MY....JJ'  ^.V.JI'iJ..  !bf*u1"V  .'.J-J.l'-'.vr.il    "^    M„    i-
rep tion thet, imtted ttt your mamhtt% working
'tuuH^iS   tttm^nmUim.   Ihr   Mi-twAx-ml   Tu^*'ATnber on feetdm n into.   '!*•> . ••»•
*rr»|i|iitnl rniaii will [my in full fhe wngi* #*f every] ttr»t no to Calgary.   Th# eonwa'ntt
• . tt...   it**»*l<-*   *n«ir*   aeA   W.   W'lfWWl      T-h-TT
' oUt trottd. on4 n par! of tkt Wti-ydw'
t_   ... . Hand, which placed "Ood 8l*»»   tht
plnjvr* tlmiuulioiit  th»»  iVwfN'
•HI
tt*ntn ■»«•! tht* ttt*rmm*ttm nt* -Oalnrditr at*-**
«-n!t#d in a win for tb* Vttemtn lwl
.1-0. i
■   Two volunteers for llit front lr*t
i..».♦..,..I- x,i.  .. ,..*'•;,*
, Ktofkton nubliiher*.*'   The fight   i* now
i tt'-»l-eh<»t with jrr»«at irttere*! hy worker* fltu! em
>'i,n**1  ilt-strict
i •tti'Vi'luinl l'itinch.
HILLCRMT RBUXF FUND
j A im. ii nt -jwrimi-**!)" rrr^tv^il «r pr*»t«i*«*«l.
; CdnltiMr^ Lfw-al ....,.,.......,..,.*-	
Frank l^<*ai ......,.„......,-» —. ■ • •
fVMHhiSin !^*>rt»l	
All iniitrihutinti-s vhouhl he tent td \  ,
l*e^trlar\--Tt*^»*xtr*r l>i*tri«*t I*. V. 11. W.
K)n«" a* th«. train was ptiMInx   out.
;i« ronn-pctfon   wt«h lh!« tke   nt^w-
im-nta tts-ird bf ihi* band vi>r*» tMhttbt
. iivii  i>ii'd tor  by   tit* wtner*  <»*    **\
\tr*\t*t* nltbmt  **r WHlMtlm •« !•»{
1i»1t«.»!\Hlv    Htt*    tt    -*W>."!    •#•*»    "|H»'«i
?.KU*t.'*kl- fl|r ,},,, ,h#,r nkmU b* «f«4 to 0t*
HU .*"*♦» nen-k-ylt m xli-h  %hn tto tctdte *•*
"tttfpt yipbt »f.tli»«t tht* n-teriten end ttdenit
K-nyi'-td «b*» tone «bo ««Hlrtb«t*Mi toward ^
taijln*.    A  f#*   «t«*te  ktrl  Ttla-ri
,.   t    ( , 't.«f-»l w*rt% on r**trd o* ttttot   op*
*-*-v%t-:w*'*Tm**d t» mftWatrlwi end mmtd • rtt-l
nimou totfitiddien »ny of tt* w#mh<*rs|
4 \      sW»i*t   lfc»   ■»«««*    Worn*   ot
I  t
ISIS THEATRE
BEST
ALWAYS
f«rtll«*a Kxctu«*v« Picture Th«Atr«
Look Look   Saturday Matinee anil Evening   Look Look
The gran picture cemeoitn FORD tTEftllNO, who mid* «»■• KfVtTONI «*m«dl«s famous in
Hia flrtt apptaranca In tkt UNIVIPtAL MOOMAM, lit
LOVE and VENGEANCE
A t«»-r«al onmmt cyclone. Ua n rip-rnnt*e% irwcMtlllir, Hfa with cltvtr kw-shtt-M that Ma
made Mr, tttHinf ftmowi. Alat ttt tkt tkrilllnt ttrttmtlMIl NtMtnt tktt ktf-MI tkt kvi-Hwam ctr In
tbt Vantarblll Cv# An—, *t*v*4 *tabinh tHt Met? ia WMi.
Mr. bftar»»   ntw-uay,   m   vt.n   iania*nt««  prnvtwornm*
A MESSAGE FROM MARS
Compt.u m tour parta. Tkit n tkt itit ekitdtt tm *w mm mm et eeetm tm tmm mm, mt,
Cktrttt Htwtfty. tt kt ilfti tktrlly tfltr tkt tMitk tt tkt Ifctvt etoeoetiem.
Special Every Friday Commencing Friday, August 21it
lHh fAMOUS MOVING PICTURE SERIAL
LUCILLE LOVE, The Girl ot Mystery
»*ii'h Trunin Tort tdtt 9twto tweettt tbtdttto%, ewe iwfirtang,
etttpmiwvp*  WmtWf^^r ■tWWwa
W NEtO TO LOOK PXtPttHtPt, OV* KCTVHU MIAK TO* THfMtlt.Vtt. f.J»"
•*m*lt'mmmt*mimmiM,mjmj,m'n.mnim.i
M«|tfftri
f|>T1MM1W«l*»l
■w^MMwyrtTaisWyw**^ amiwlyn i mwfi*y
a*----^Ti^iiig.waiaia^
'^■IfWt'i^ ]i |pi mifWjriWflMj
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AUGUST 22, 1914
.  9*mA        %>     ifflst
PAGE FIVE " "'
News  of The  District Camps
♦
♦
♦
♦
■♦     .<bOAL CREEK NOTES
The mines -were' idle from 3 p. m.
Friday until 3 p. m. 'Tuesday, also
from 3 p. in. Wednesday until 3 p. m.
Thursday.
Ninety-nine per cent of the adult
male population of thi? -camp journeyed to .Pernie on Saturday by the 3:43
p. m. train to cheer the local leather-
chasers in their encounter with Prank
for supremacy in the final of the
Mutz cup. Great excitement occurred when Coal Creek got the lead, hut
the match eventually ended In a draw,
■2-2.
Bill Davies returned home from' hospital on Priday, but has not yet ;been
able to resume his work.
Edward Woods had a sudden seizure
on -Saturday, which necessitated 'his
removal to Fernie. hospital for treatment.
Great consternation prevailed among
tbe Creekites on Saturday night,
when  they  saw the large conflagra- J We offer congratulations,
tion at Letcher's Spur, the 10 p. m.
train 'being delayed somewhat.
■Syd Horton has returned to his
duties in the Trites-Wood butchering
department.
Several of our. reservists have received t'beir orders to rejoin their respective regiments.
Our water engineer and crew were
busy cleaning out the dam on Sunday, and the water supply was cut
off in consequence.
Some of our local would-be warriors we're keenly disappointed at not
being chpsen on Tuesday evening.
We learn, however, that the patriotic
fever is in no abated. -
We would advise our Standard OH
Tin orchestra to .practice up for
Thursday next and watch a certain
house on Riverside avenue.
The chiraviri band were out in full
force on Tuesday to give a "noicical"
welcome to Jlr. and Mrs. James McPherson, wbo were quietly married in
Fernie. The happy couple 'have taken
up their residence at Canyon Cottage.
Panic in Food Prices
The public make prices soar by hysterical rushes to secure
supplies altogether out of proportion to their immediate needs.
The merchant recognizes the symptoms and promptly takes
advantage of the temporary insanity with which the people
are afflicted.
There are instances of solid, steady, reliable business
houses endeavoring to regulate the mad rush.
The Co-operative Store at
Coleman, Alta.
has arranged, as far as possible, tp be in a position to supply
all legitimate requirements at reasonable prices.
People who regularly deal at the Store have no need to
get into a state of frenzy.
Flour Prices Will  Not  Be
Prohibitive
Those who have laid in an excessive stock will find they
have secured on more real advantage' than those who bave
quietly waited and trusted us to be fair, and deal squarely
with aU. Support the people's own store, and help to strengthen its position,
Which will ensure freedom
from excessive prices
on necessities
The Coal Creek Beavers entertain
McDougal's team, in the schoolboy
lacrosse league, up here on Wednesday afternoon. Coal Creek line-up is
as follows: .Puckey, Gibson, Joyce,
Parker, Branch, W. Glover, J. Glover,
Armstrong, Worthington, Garkell,
Smith, Murdock. Reserves: .Patterson, 'Monks, Doley and Martin.
The advertised concert in aid of the
Presbyterian church took place in the
Olub Hall on Tuesday evening. The
several artists acquitted themselves
creditably in. their respective parts,
Fred Percy being the accompanist.
The committee in charge desire to
record thanks to the Amateur Dramatic Society for the loan of scenery
and stage fittings.
Coal Creek Beavers entertained
Dudley's team up here on Saturday
last to a league game of lacrosse,
'Coal Creek running out the winners
seven goals to four. Stay right after
the cup, boys.
iMethodist church, Sunday August
23rd—2:30 p. m., Sunday school and
adult Bible class; 7:30 p. m., gospel
service, subject, "God's Providence."
Speaker, Rev. .Mr. Stoodley. Ohoir
practice every Friday evening at 7:30
o'olock, under the capable instruction
of 'Mr. Chas. O'Brien. All music lovers invited.
MICHEL NOTES
Michel Local Union donated $25 for
the sports fund at the agricultural
show to be held at Natal on Labor
Day.
A competition now being held under
tbe auspices of the Michel and District Angles Association will close on
Saturday, August 22. Fish weighed
In up to date: Alec Waddlngton, 1
lb. 6 oz. 12 drams; R. Beard, 2 lbs,;
F. Carpenter, 2 lbs. 1 oz. 8 drams; F.
•Carpenter, 2 lb. 3 oz. The above
•weights are for one speckled trout
each. The heaviest bull trout: H.
Pryor, 3 lb. 4 oz.; Bert Travis, 3 Ib.
8 oz.
/The association will hold their
award contest on Sunday, August 2.1,
at.Tnith-1-infnr'B.hriilprft tt!lrHli;*ai-_*nre«t
interest is being shown this time  and
an attempt to collect a loan of $100 j The ball in the Workers' Hall took
made to a one-time member of this i place on (Monday evening, but owing
Local eighteen months ago. Some j to the inclemency of the weather, the
discussion  took    place    as    to    the! attendance was not as   large   as   it
When Wanting Shoes Think of
THE INVICTUS
Wn net the Mint that tmm tht ehou good—it't the tHOIt that
made tht nam* flood, and there la nothing In a name unlaw QUALITY haa made It (pod and keepe It flood.
MM
WHO WIL  BE THE
LUCKY ONE?
A Beautiful' Dretser And Stand to be Given
Away FREE of Charge
it a tto big tt ««t tt'in tha window, but coma and ate It In the
attra,
it a priee tt $?&.©0, and whan yow ttt it you'd aay it ia wall worth
tht prkt* tht htldtr nt tha Iwcky ttakat m tht n»|ht of Saturday, Oc-
lnb*f I'd. wm Sft it AMOLUTELY rtXLZ OP CHARGE.
Pe* nvtry toth pure Hat* af *** tetter, y«« gtt not ticket tr ana
chantt tt winning tha fewMlfMl tretntr and atand. tht mart dol-
lara yan aptnd hare, tha more chaneaa you draw, You pay no mora
hart thnn ataawhtrt—tn many catta ntt eo much—and In addition yam
have tn ch»tn«« a( fattlwt • KW-JB* arttcta AitOLUtf LY PltH OP
CHANGE.   Metali bono* all root tkdlnm men.
W. L OUIMETTE
Coleman        -        Aib*»ria
there ls every prospect of it being a
good contest. Names of donors and
prize-winners will be published ln
next week's Issue. The list of prizes
for the contest is as follows: I case
of whisky; fishing rod (value $9:25);
pipe (value $7.00); fishing tickle
($'>00); one box cigars ($4.00); fishing basket ($4.00); fishing basket
($4.00); fishing rod ($4.00); 2 bottles whlskv; brandv: fishing tack'3
($3.00); fishing tackle ($3.00); fish-
Ing tackle ($3.00); fishing tackle,
($3.00); fishing tackle ($3.00).
The mines were idle five daya last
•week. Better prospects are ln store
this week, aud we have worked every
day to time of writing.
Mra, Horrocks was successfully operated on by Dr. Weldon and Is progressing vory favorably.
iMr. nnd .Mrs. James Moore and
Harry Parkinson left here thia week
for a time, to work on their fruit laud
near creston.
Mr, Oeorge Lux, from Prumhpllpr,
wns In ramp this week-end, among
hia old time friends.
•Mr. and (Mra. Jabez Weaver arnveo
here laat week from lha old country,]
having apent tlie winter In Kngland.
Vour correspondent wns chatting with
him about matter* In the old land,
and Jabea remarked: "I fee] myaelf
at home again where the aun ahlnea
mora often."
During the Idle day* ol tbe pa»t
week a great many have taken advantage of the flitting season.
The Elk Valley and Natal Agricultural Aaioi'iatiuii arw holding Um
««<iond annual exhibition at Nat-*!.
Ii. C„ on Monday and Tueaday, September » and ft, l»H. The priie lut!
alio*'* ev*ry probability of there Ik- I
ing nome good competltloni. *
Mn. John Waddlngton ia on ti-ej
alek Hat. but pleaned Hi *».iy ak*   I
progr«'k»tng, hut alowly. j
•Mra, John   Makln,  from  Coleman,;
h»» been a vlaltor to her brother,   '.
I»rtee, a few daya.
,    Tfeift J-likU', tak** rn-fk* Ua**  .;»•*,*.*(
! iomn Ut an indefinite tlmr.
The footbal tame haa gone mil*"
In Mleliel. Homething mom ti»v«
„uui« wroug with worka, ov mu^t
nl'li the people; iierliniia If* gotlnu n
Mill* at ale thia hot weather.
"right" of such action. We are not a
philanthropic institution, but the loan
had .been made .pending payment of
fire insurance. On receipt of same,
however, the member had skinned
out without fulfilling his part of the
obligation. The matter was left in
the hands of the executive to do what
is best under the circumstances.
We were also in receipt of the District quarterly financial statement,
containing several items of expenditure which are rather unusual. The
secretary was Instructed to write for
further information regarding same.
Reports of Committees
The pit committee reported having
done business as per Local's instructions, also business that had cropped
up in the Interim, chief of which was
the dismissal of three members, and
the rate of wages to be paid the inside dump crew. The committee reported the reinstatement of two of
the brothers, and that they were
awaiting an answer from the superintendent as to wages. Report accepted
and instructions given to pit committee to again see the management and
demand the third brother reinstated.
Measuring committee reported a
fairly satisfactory tour; but that there
was far too much coal in the chutes,
which meant a good deal of lost time
when the mine was supposed to oe
working steady. The pit committee
were instructed to look into the
matter; also question fairness in setting on diggers.
The auditors made the quarterly
report which showed we were just
keeping our head above water, and
that retrenchment would be the order
of the next quarter.
Examination committee reported as
follows:
We, tbe undersigned, being appointed a committee to examine Bellevue
mine, beg to report as follows: That
from the drift to entry face all working places, traveling roads, airways
leading thereto and all the old workings accessible were • found in good
j™*£^JM,ja^t.Jilitlij:entllaiion_gnQd
with the following exceptions: Air
short circuiting at 137 chute. This,
however,  -was  fixed  and  committee
otherwise would have been, nevertheless  a  very  enjoyable  evening   was
spent by    those    present.      Pincher
Creek orchestra was in attendance.
What happened to the egg, Jack?
COLEMAN NOTES
On Wednesday, the 12th, Coleman
football club journeyed to Prank on
Mutz cup business and suffered defeat by one goal to nothing.
.Willie Roughead met with a rather
severe injury at Frank in the foot-
bail game. Willie will be incapacitated for work for about ten days.
On Wednesday the children, with
their parents, of the Institutional
church, held their annual picnic on
the slope of the Saskatoon, under the'
guidance of the Rev. .Mr. -Murray.
Regret to record the death of the
infant child of iMr. and Mrs. Alexander
MaoDickens, which took place In Fernie on Thursday, the 13th Much sympathy Is felt for Mr. and Mrs. 'Mac-
Dickens in their bereavement.
For the first time in about two
years Local 2633 had no regular meeting. Matters are going smoothly with
the International and Local 2633 at
present.
.Mrs. 'Middleton is visiting Mr. aud
Mrs. J. W. Derbyshire, from Sunday
until Wednesday of this week, from
Pincher Creek.
Mrs. Edward Gomm, from PinCber
Creek, is visiting J. iv. and George
Derbyshire this week.
Mr. and Mrs. Hiram Varly, from
Bellevue, were visiting Chief of
Police Ford on Sunday, the 16th.
Mrs. Jonathan Graham, of Coleman,
is on a week's holiday to Pincher
Creek, visiting her sister, Mrs. Co*.
Mr. William Watson, who has been
a long-time resident ot Coleman, intends removing from here to reside
for the future in  Fernie.
(Mr. .1. Lonsbury, J. W. Price   and
^Mrotn™Miieir;v^pBrit~Bflrtay"fisn1BF^aT
Lundbreck   and    report    having    $
good catch.
Dick a first class reservist of the 1st
battalion of the Royal Highlanders
(Black Watch) boarded the passenger, bound for Quebec, where mobilization of the various units,of the
regular army is taking place, from
whence they will be sent to the seat
of war. The Coleman town (band
turned out and gave him a royal
send-ofp. We wish him Godspeed and
a safe return.
The Coleman Co-operative Store Is
calling the attention of its patrons and
friends to the necessity of observing
a wise caution in the purchasing of
flour and necessities of life. The store
further reassures its patrons that their
interests will be safe-guarded and that
in spite of -panic and price-boosters
they will use every effort to keep
prices normal. For seven years the
"Co-op" has catered to the requirements of Coleman citizens, and It is
safe to assume that they will observe
the same legitimate methods of doing
business, in spite of the present war,
as heretofore. By supporting this
store you are guaranteeing the price
of commodities and securing yourself
against excessive charges.
COALHURST NOTES
A baseball game was bill for August 12th, Coalhurst vs. Government,
the "government" end of it being a
survey party working near Kipp.
The latter were a husky (bunch of
boys and were out for a win. Being
two men short. Earnest Buchannan
and "Irrigation" Bud were picked as
subs. Coalhurst had their full line-up
and were compelled to get a move on.
The road men held the game even until
the last Inning, when Coalhurst just
one
managed to squeeze the game by
run.   Final score, 3-2.
The Picture House was filled to its
capacity on pay-day night. This was
the first show of the season and we
believe was enjoyed'by al! who patronized.
A smoker was held in the Union
Hall on Saturday night, and a good
attendance was .present. "Alberta's
•Pride," soft drinks, tobacco, etc., was
much in evidence and a good time
was spent. The war-retarders and
cross-cuts were forgotten and lots of
sing-songs, stump speeches, etc., given
by the artistic ones. Mr. G. Reed, of
Lethbridge entertained the boys by
tricks of many different kinds, also
by hypnotism, meserism, etc. Some
of the boys- looked good climbing
around like monkeys.
The local cop landed a .board jumper up before tbe J. P. on Monday,
where the bill and costs were paid
with very little trouble.
Some of the Wigan people thought
the war had started here Tuesday
morning, but it proved to be a poor,
hungry "bacher," who had got a bead
on an unfortunate little duckling. We
believe the duck was finally, laid low
by the deadly shot from the two barrels at once and the batchelor made
nappy.
A social was held In tbe school
building on August 4th, under the auspices of Coalhurst Lodge, 105, I. O.
O. F. Most all members turned out,
and invitations sent to Diamond Lodge
were fairly well responded to. Past
Grand Donald McNeil filled the toast-
master's chair. A good program of
songs and speeches was rendered; ice
cream and cake was served. Past
Grand Deputy John D. Keith was
decorated  according to custom with
(Continued on Paga Pour)
went over a part of inside district a
second time, finding the air circulating fairly good. A few feet of gas
gangway at -No. 11 chute, 61 DlBtrlct;
also a shortage of timber in a few
places in the same district. We also
examined tbe whole of the upper section and found everything O K.
JOHN A. BAIRWICK,
OSCAR GOSSE,
Local 431 appreciates the addresses
sent of firms supplying Union made
goods, and the executive will Interview tbe tradesmen of the the town
to seek their co-operation In handling
aame.
The electing of n  measuring com
inlttee and paying of them took up
considerable time, and It was deemed
expedient to call a apecial meeting
for contract minora,  either for the
flrat Idle dar or next Sundny.
The next Item being War! War!
Many members gave vent to their
J feellnga concerning the rise of food-
j *tuffn alner- the declaration of war,
j and to wiite aame would fill a apecial
edition of the   Ledger   with    words
found In the   dictionary   anil   elne-
where    We would  auggem  in those
Locals mho have not already done «o.
the urgent need of forcing the Government to take m«h action ai will
prevent the iwtrlotlc aharka from fattening on the needs of the jieople,
Anthony Simla, after ten yearn' re«-
liilwu*.   ,ii im. Vaaa. ia i««viuk lur I.i-;
lliiol*.   Hood luck, Tony. |
' Mr. Torn ll-irnctt ;*nl pum .*tiuii,-\
jed from the North Fork with an?
! abundant «iii«ply of fish.
*. Tin* K>i,j»:uii uu.I X-fAtiiii I'Minitic,-. •
I nre Mill ardent fullmver* of Haa. i
[Walton. i
i    The furtijuliinfh of the Cliltii-w r««»- >
hatirant  In    the    MH'utctiwin    bio. 1
j »i»re offered for »«!# tinker n   *iu '
treat warrant.   Tliey *«!•*• UhukhI huA
*.<*'<!  »ii**i!n I.,**   3, Hunt!'"!'.  A,i a im*.':
neaillke manner. '
Fife* htv»' !m»i-?i li'H"..".*t' '■ ' ■ •-■ .
pronlmlty tn ftellevne tht* h*'ir por I
Huh of Un- **'fk. Iiinu Mountain*)
pr<-»*Min« a very tllumlmiHwif appear-'
mnt* nt nlnlit ky r-wmm '.f nn mmty ■
•mail fl«"» litirnlr.r On' Knfurifay t*v-<
mini quite a  big   ti) ,«•  wna  in U*'
George Bruno underwent an operation at the Miners' Hospital on Friday, the 14th.   Latest reports are that.
George is doing nicely. |
The old stork paid a visit to thej
home of  Mr.  and -Mrs.  J.  V.  Low.
den and left a daughter.   Mother and
child are both well.     '
(Mrs. J. W. Mitchell and 'Mrs. Hall
underwent operations ln the private
hospital of Dr. R. T. Robb. Glad to
report that both ladies are progressing satisfactorily.
Mr. J. IxMiesburry Hub removed to
his property in Bushtown, from Second street.
The stork paid a visit to the home
of Mr. and Mrs. W. Beddlngton on
Friday, the 14th, where he left a
bouncing boy. Mother and child are
both well.
K, Knoott la confined to hospital tit
present, with,rheumatism,    Hope   to
see you around soon, Ed.
On Tuesday night, the ISth, 'G«orgo
Stephen T.  Humble
Furniture,llardware, China,
Stationery, etc	
OLD COUNTRY PERIODICALS
BELLEVUE
Alberta |
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret and at bottom prices.  Coll, write, phone or wire.   All orders glveti
prompt attention.
If you ara aatlafied, tall othera.   If not aatiafled, tall ua.
Coleman
Alberta
RIGHT HERE!
Is Where YOU SAVE MONEY
on the purchase of a Suit, a Hat or a Pair of Shoes
9i
•tUSVUt MOTIt
Tk* tirat re*«nS»ir tmteithtW
, \ flf,*.f****l.*,tr^     -9 1*9),    ***     t-rf,*■-**. 1     1*1   *,       *  i*
If there are   ton   -pmi^ni*   td 'b<i'
Ljrir Theatre who will guarantee to
j take |i worth of ticket• pay day, they
vw|wlll have the opportunity of »»***ttt*.
W^^.l  , *, (,t,,,     .j**,,,-*.   *■
T. W.  DAVIES
|tng of l<**at IS! !oo» plat* on Sunday
l«?i with th* president in the rhalr,
■wpported by n fair crowd. A circular
from President PbtlUpa. informing ut
td the protn-M aaade In the dispute re
the nelterM fanmen, alao Miking for
. I'rt.'thr; .fiMMirtlon, mn* rend, iKH'-j
(war? Its*** »a» tnatrwte-d to In 1
KloriB *Wmii1»W fbilllpf mil ve a/er*
Funeral Director
and    Kmbalm«r
K»a<Utort«ft Supplied and Set yp
OOLKMAN    •wo*"0* **jgfflt t«i    AlaSlftTA
fl#v, *»*! -Mr*. Cwk entenaliswH   a:
(.• m of th#ff pstrittitorier** at dinner
la*? **t*k,   AteofiK tbbae preamm were *
notleH Mr. and Mr*. VI'. I»  VV«!!f*m«
and daughter and Mr, iiud Air*. \V,"
Heott.
Tbi- *etklj' Susi4«.> mnUi Muri»» 1««1,
ihe wvtne We HttUl Tu***dat mtitn'tit;
Mr   S    Hr'*i«ey    liar    'm,:r.'s,:     unit'
lot the OfHalon that *• tp4 made onr moved !*'<•» <h* bmt* tt.r^-tt-, em-md
]f**ttttm  -na-it* tlmt vht*  imk  hthn J. WVfMiwa.
Und Vk«   VtetMtwi   tttnbnm   *«r*[    f' I." »h* inttmtton of ike teaeUta*,
I j.f.-..-1'Ht  at oar meeting, but tltat «el>f**«tf <•* >h- Met-bodlM t-kmrrh to 'ak*
mmi4  tem4 Um  |w«sM«tt • e«*p]r ofjttie tt-keifra to   Craw'*    NVn for #
ite* n»**«m*« -Martwg em rnroe. X rrr i^ur,'!*" on M*m Pay. *Ur» tie <«■#;■*■-j
tmtet woe alte fttvlved trim tut* **• (*ratlmt td nil parent * «n denfred to f
Ueltor. iKfonnltig «* »f thl   reaul;  .4 i ;*ak" that d»y a mno*tt**>l* «»ae let
•% mmlah*'*. ■*%&% ne k*A ittit*-';
'!'
i Mdr*e».
*
The F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Blairmore, Alta.
Are Offering at COST PRtCE your choice of their New and up to date
Men's and Boys' Suits—Men's Suits $5.75
Boy's Sui« $190
Men's Caps for 45c up, Men's Felt Hats 65c up
Atso Mens & Ladies* Shoes, these include Invictus, Regal and K make, and]in addition are giving
away at HALF COST to clear
adies' $4-00   Oxfords, small sizes at $1.65
#
II The Store That Saves You Money
i^mmm__________________tmt______'-^S
memmmesaimX'S
I
smsimii
-. -/i ^.H***!,t.'i Tgo.;ft3fjf i.f "WHSH PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT USDGBR, FEAnib, B: G., AUGUST 22, 1914
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,U.M.W.A
GLADSTONE LOCAL
No. 2314
Maet first and third Fridays,
Mir.ers' Hal], Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall. Coal
Cieek. Sick Benefit attached.—TY
Uphill, Sec, Fernie, B. C.
HOSMER LOCAL
No. 2497
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 in It
P. Hall, Main Street.    Sick Benefit Society attached.—W. Balderstone, Sec, Box 63, Hosmer, B, C.
MICHEL LOCAL
No. 2334
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.—
H. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.—Michael Warren, Sec, Can-
more, .Alta.
I
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1038
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in month. Sick and Hunt-tit Soci-
i;i>r auncii-Fd.—J. Gorton, Sec
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet fcvi-ry alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Colt-man.—J.   Mitchell,   Sec,  Box
103, Coleman.
BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached.—Frank Wheatley, Fin.
Sec, Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet every Friday evening at
7.30 in Miners' Hall.' Sick and
Accident Benefit. Society attached.—Frank Barringham, Sec, Box
112, Coalhurst P. O.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every first and third Sunday at Lyric Hall, 3 p.m.—John
Loughran, Sec.
COLEMAN LOCAL
No. 2633
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30   p.m.   in   the   Opera   House,
Coleman.—J, Johnstone, Sec.
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in Slovak Hall. Sick Benefit Society attached,—Thos. G. Havries,
Sec, Passburg, Alta,
BURMIS LOCAL
No. 949
Meet every secojnd and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta. ,
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
Society.—Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta,
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 574
Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Minors' Hall, 12th Avenue North.—L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.
BELLEVUE LOCAL
No. 431
Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In    the    Socialist    Hall. — James
Burke,   Sec.   Box   36,   Bellevue,
Alta.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.—Geo.
Elms, Sec, Corbin, B. C.
GEORGETOWN LOCAL
No. 3026
Meet every Sunday afternoon,
2.30, at Boarding House. Sick
and Accident Fund attached.—
Max Hotter, Sec.
FRANK LOCAL
No. 1263
Meet Sundays, after each pay
day, at Miners Hall.   Sick and
■Benefit    Society    attached.—B
Morgan, Secretary.
Examination Questions
Second Class Papers
mmfiwmmmwmmsmmmmmF^^
Cash Meat Market |
Our Special Prices for Saturday are 1
 co*- EsQ
Roast BecL^.^ 16c +n2Qe-
Roast Porw 16c to 20c
Roast Mutton ........ 16c to 22c
Roast Veal   .*. ....16cto22c
Round Steak ............... 20c
Sirloin Steak 22c
J&Bbne-Steak-^^-i-n-<-rrrvT-rr*nec6^
Pork Chops  20c
Mutton Chops ........... ,.,22c
Veal Cutlets  22c
Any size pail Leaf Lard, lb.. 15c
Hams and Bacon at 27c
Don't forget we ailow 5 per cent on
guaranteed.
all  meats.   Satisfaction
Phone 52, H. Northwpod Mgr. §
MaiEISBJSJBJEiaiEfBlilEffl
To Sports Committees
The Fernie Coal Creek txcelsior Band is now
open for engagements.  Satisfaction guaranteed
For Terms Etc. Apply
THOS. BIGGS, Secretary,   Fertile, B. C.
Questions set candidates for second t
class papers at the recent B. C. exam-'
inations:
"MINING AOT" AND RULES
•Vote—The candidate must sign
each sheet with his usual signature.
Tuesday, .May 19, 1914. Time: 9 a.
m, to 12 p. m. Seventy per cent re-
auired.
l. What are the duties of the overman, (fireboss, and shotlighters as
specified in the Special Rules?      10
'2. Explain the following interpretation terms: "Overman," mine foreman" or "shiftboss," "fireman" or
"fireboss," shotlighter," "certified official," "coal mines," "ocmpetent person," "opening," "bank," "plan," "medical practitioner," "woman or girl,"
"Chinmamen  or Chinese." 15
3. What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to: (a)
Explosives and blasting; (b) use of
explosives? ?
4. ;What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to the
daily linspection of mine? 5
5. .What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to inspection of mine on behalf of workmen? 5
6. What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to(
ventilation? 10
7. What are the. requirements of
the general rules in reference" to
lamps and lights?   . 10
8. What are the duties of the
eager, stablemen, lampmen, waste-
man and pumpmen according to special rules? 10
9. What are the rules .in reference
to miners and other workmen as
contained in the speeial rules?        10
10. What are the requirements of
the general rules in reference to: (a)
Signaling; (b) fencing; <c) supply of
timber to be kept; (d) securing of
roof and sides? 10
•MINE GASES
Tuesday, .May 19, 1914.   Time; 2 to
5:30 p. m.   Seventy per cent required.
1. (a) Name the different explosive
.gases found in coal mines, (b) How
is each detected ? (c) Give the composition of each, (d) Give their chemical symbols, (e) States where each is
to be found. 15
2. (a) What effect does coal dust
have on an explosion of fire-damp?
(ib) 'What effect does white-damp
imve?—(cr"J\vh"ar"-§Kecl does"l>lacTc-"
damp havo? 10
3. (a) What is the meaning of initial'explosion? (b) If you were overman at a mine when the old works had
caved In and filled up with gas, what
percaution would you take to .prevent
an explosion? tc) What causes might
lead to an explosion in this case?    10
1. (a) What Is after-damp? (b)
What are its chem-lcal properties?   7
">. What is meant by relative
weight of different gases? (b) Give
the relative weights of the different
gases found in coal-mines, 7
6. What ls specific gravity? (b)
Give the specific gravity of gases
found in coal mines. 7
7. (a) What proportion of air mixed with marsh-gas (CH4) will render the mlxturo explosive? (b) De-
scrl-be the effects of mixing air with
gaa ln different proportions, 7
ASK FOR
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"8. .What .process should be adopted
for the resuscitation of persons suffering from asphyxia or the effects of
after-damp?   . . 8
9. (a) Gould you depend absolutely
on a safety lamp for the detection of
all gases produced in a coal-mine?
(b) What other, method would you
adopt for the detection of gases?     8
10. Show the application of the law
of diffusion of gases .by finding the
relative volumes of mash-gas (OH 4)
and carbon dioxide (C02) in their
diffusion into air. 10
VENTILATION
Wednesday, May 20, 1914.   Time: 9
a. m. to 12:30 -p. m.   Seventy per cent,
required.
1. A certain mine has 25,000 cubic
feet of air passing per minute at the
foot of the downcast; provided the
volume is properly circulated and
sufficient for the removal of deleterious, noxious and dangerous gases,
what number of men and mules may
be legally employed In .this mine?
(Demonstrate in figures.) (b) Assuming a velocity of 4 feet per second,
what volume of air is passing in an
airway 8 feet wide at the roof and 6-
feet wide at the floor, 4 feet high on
one side and 5 feet high on the
other. 20
2. How many cubic feet of air is
traveling an air course which ls 8%
■feet wide at the bottom and 7V6 feet
wide at the top, and n-Vfc feet high,
with the anemometer showing a reading of 85 revolutions? 10
3. If. -by applying 42,000 units of
work you^ obtain 31,500 cubic feet of
air per minute, what units of work
will be required to produce 70,000
cubic feet? 10
4. (a) What is meant by friction in
airways? (b) What is meant by the
.perimeter? (c) What is meant by the
sectional area? (d) What is the rub
blng surface of an airway 10 feet by
12 feet, 5.000 feet long? 10
5. Explain the principle of natural
ventilation. o • 8
?>. Explain the difference Sn the
methods of .producing an air current
by a force fan and by an exhaust
fan.    . ' ,7
7. When the barometer, reads 23.20
inches, what is the pressure of the
atmosphere: '(a) per square inch; (.b)
per square foot? 8
8. In order to secure thorough ven-
10 finches in diameter, the length of
stroke .being 4 feet, and making 48
strokes .per minute, allowing 15 per
cent for slip of pump? 15
4. Under what conditions would
you consider coal dust dangerous in
mines; and if much dust was being
produced therein, what precautions
svould you take to keep the mine
safe? 10
5. Describe and draw sketches o-f
pillar-and-stall and long-wall workings, v 10
6. (a) Of what use is a correct map
of a mine to a foreman? (b) If ,oa examining a mine map you saw one level
marked "plus 532" and another
"minus 413," what would you infer
from these figures as to the vertical
distance between tbe levels? ' 8
7. .How would you proceed to put
up sights in a room, the course of the
entry (being given as N. 86 E., and the
room to be turned to the left and to
make an angle with the entry, of 72
degrees? 8
8. .How would you timber an airway wiien the ibottom is soft or wet?
Give sketch of same. 8
9. Uow much ^vork is done in raising 300 tons of coal up an incline
2,700 feet long, and raising 1 foot in
3 feet, when the friction of the cars
adds 40 per cent, to the load? . 15
' 10. .Describe to the best of your
ability the various types of miue rescue apparatus in use.
peace at The .Hague? Is it retribution
that this palace erected on the . proceeds of industrial injustice carried to
a conclusion over the bodies of those
martrys who gave up their lives in the'
cause of humanity in the Homestead
strike years ago should today turn to
mock men?
i
No true unionist can ever countenance war. It may at time be necessary to oppose arms with arms, but
no one .but a traitor can -ever advocate
war except in defense of one's 'home
and liberty; then and there only is an
appeal to arm justified. War is degrading, wasteful and immoral, and
in every instance tho cost in both
blood and treasure is paid for by
■labor.
*   *   -»
Wars, more than any other cause,
tend to concentrate wealth and increase, poverty. Those who control
vast sums of money take advantage
of war famines and increase their
holdings by millions of dollars. These
men who might often by their influence prevent wars, often encourage
them, solely for the -purpose of adding
to their power, while the worker foolishly does the fighting and often
either dies on the field of battle or
returns home a helpless, maimed
cripple, to become an object of charity from the very class who are responsible for his condition.—Wyoming
Labor Journal.
TORTURED R
tilation in a mine, about what velocity should the current have at the
•face of the workings, both in gaseous
and non-gaseous mines? 7
9. How can you tell whether or not
any obstruction is in an air cours?
that you have not passed through?   6
10. Ventilate plan given* using conventional signs. 20
GENERAL WORK
Wednesday, May 20, 1914.   Time: 2
to 5:30 p. m.   Fifty per cent required.
1. (a) Name the chief factors that
are essential to successful mine haulage, (b) What arrangements would
you make for the safety of drivers
and other persons along haulage
roads? 10
2. flow would you reduce accidents
from falls of rock arid slate at the
working surface? 8
3. How many gallons of water will
be discharged per minute by a pump
Colorado Correspondent
Grills Operators and Press
The favorite expression to any one
who dlKH£r-os wlth't'ieiu is: "You are
controlled by the Miners' Union." We
knew nil along that the United -Mine
Workers of America wore popular and
tho miners by those "Christian gentle-
men", sent out 'by John 1). that the
very men they imported to break the
THE NEW STEAL
The stock market may be closed fer
keeps. This may astonish some, who
supposed that stock manipulation was
a .permanent thing in big financiering.
Tlie fact is, stocks are for sale only
when they are insecure. When they
become stable they are held and not
sold; even when transferred under
such conditions, the transfer can be effected personally rather than on
change:
The age "of stocks ls giving place to
the age of bonds. Everything is being 'bonded to the limit. The banks
are the owners of the bonds. It is all
preparatory to unloading the industries on the Government, and making
lt security for the bonds. When that
conspiracy ripens Socialists will op-f
pose such Government ownership,
though it is the growth of Socialist
sentiment that is causing the masters
"Fruit-a-tives" Cured Paralyzed Bowels and Digestion
St. Boniface de SkAwiJn'oiS,- Q0-3.
Feb. 3rd. 1914. '   .*. -
"It is a pleasure to me to inform yoa
that- after suffering from Chronic
Constipation for 2^ years, I bave been
cured by "Fruit-a-tives". While I
was a student at Berthier College, I
became so ill I was forced to leave the
the college. Severe pains across the
intestines continually tortured rue and
it came to a point when I could not
stoop down at all, and my Digestion
became paralyzed, Some one advised
me to take "Fruit-a-tives" and at once-
I felt a great improvement. After I
had taken four or five boxes, I realized
that I was completely cured and what
made me glad, also, was that they
were acting gently, causing no pain
whatever to the bowels. All those who
suffer with Chronic Constipation
should follow my example and take
"Fruit-a-tives" for they are tbe
medicine that cures".
MAGLOIRE PAQUIN
"Fruit-a-tives" are sold hy all dealers
at 50c. a box, 6 for $2.50, trial size,
25c. or sent postpaid on receipt of price
by Fruit-a-tives Limited, Ottawa.
THINKING  THEMES
to set this trap.
It will be perfectly safe for the administration to legislate against stock
gambling and the crimes of the past,
so long as lt lends Itself to bank control of the nation by authorizing asset
currency and clearing house certificates. The old steal may safely be
denounced as soon as the new steal is
well under way.—Appeal to Roason.
He was an ingenious youth, paying
a call upon a young lady. She was
very 'busy putting the frlllings upon
certain garments. ,_and .. when the
young mau made his appearance had
not time to kick them under the sofa
or otherwise get rid of them. After
the usual remarks about the weather,
etc.,'he remarked: "And what la that
pretty work you aro doing, iMlas
Brown?"
"Oh, Mr, Smith;" she replied, "these
are a couple of blinds for my parlor!"
erator ln dollars and cents. Take the
recent .padded pay roll* of the Colo.
Tado Fuel and Iron Company an an
Instance. These kind of swindlers
are Impossible In a Union camp. The
men "recognition of the Union" docs
hurt, are the human leaches In the
Rhnpe of trouble-breeding attorneys;
the Ignorant and Incompetent mine officials who now iry to cover their
Mr, T. Jefferson and others briefly
listed the inalienable human rights as
three; life, liberty and the pursuit
of happiness.
■There is a fourth—tiie right to
make one's own mistakes. ,
Nowhere is the deep wisdom and
justice of the Creator more apparent
than in his so arranging thc universe
that a man can do his own sinning.
We cannot understand this. We aro
so dazzled by ideals that we can not
see that the supreme privilege of freedom is freedom to do wrong. Take
that away, and a man becomes non-
moral. Virtue ls of account only in
one who might have chosen vice.
. We learn more by our mistakes than
by. any other means. Let a man
ways succeed and he will remain a
child, ignorant, egotistic, unsympathetic and cruel. It is because the
king can do no wrong that the king is
usually a poor, little soul.
of silly and senseless things. Only
when I am at perfect liberty to scar,
scratch, smash and ruin my life, only
then am I capable of triumph, power
and goodness.
It is important to   be   trained "in
morality; it is still more important to
{be trained in liberty .--Dr. Crane.
SHOEING GEESE
The frozen roads of Illinois are
very hard on the fowls which are being raised in that part of the country
for shipment to New York for celebrating the great Jewish feasts and
holidays.
Formerly the geese and ducks suffered from sore and tender feet. One
feeder devised a leather shoe to overcome the trouble, but a local genius
improved upon this plan.1 The. geese
are driven through tar,, warm enough
to be soft, and then compelled to
walk over loose sand,. Thus they automatically provide themselves with
"shoes" that enable them to walk In
comfort over rough, frozen roads.
_ 1V    . ,    These fow'ls are   bought   In large
Our growth, character, enjoyment ot j immbers |n thQ 80uthernSstate8 eyeJy
life come from our mistakes.   A child
that is not. permitted to fall will nevef
learn to walk; for walking is a succes-jffln hart nvor mmwL.t-^Mhwer
sTon~orTails
Iu our eagerness to make children
successful, we rob them of the very
foundation of success, which is failure; for the truest success is what
is left after a hundred failures. We
are so anxious to have them haippy
that we take from them the key to
happiness which is the privilege of
making themselves and others miserable.
1 want the right to burn my own
fingers, bump my own head, eat indigestible food, and do the whole range
fall and are (hen shipped to   thi? corn
belt for .fattening.    One farmer last
The feed consists mostly of shelled
corn, although some feeders ad$ cooked cereals and oil meal. Special barns
are erected for their housing. The
geese wearing their novel shoes are
driven to and from the trains In large
flocks.—Exchange.
It is mighty dull being kings   and
capitalists with nothing to do. , They  -
want a spectacle that will thrill, bait- •*"
ties that will give them new zest   ln
life. Go, Join in the human hunt for
their pleasure and profit.
strike today are more bluer »Wlnrt'own incompetency by Injuatlcea to the
the company than the strikers are. In
powerful, and somehow we had always j a (ew d8y|| now we ihn„ get |he wort
Send/or Five Roses
I  \»*CJC^*Wi    JLJxr\?**fCBIB'
.... ... 11.1...
KPtt A MANUAL Of COCO RtOPU <«*■,
AmmUtm Om mmhImmm «f mttt ttta tm^tl
•"""M**"** r«Pam flam tmiadmm Cmla.
ema l*W nam M A* •*»>e*»» tUm. U f^j immt
•-•Atirfafcii kat* w.» a***, a«w „j
MKfcMl*! wf f-MMMWi jn.lfc.tlMt.
gmyawiilftgJl.W* mm tt imm mtm
DWTtlBUTOM, fium, B C        '
WeaUi u CmumI* WbotauUo Oo.      Trite* Wood Oo,
imagined that thia position wutu annum
tho minor*, and hadn't nny uieti Mint
they held political control of ;m>
State, but then "acme people aro born
ureal and aame hove greatness thrust
upon them."
•    *    a {
The Pueblo Chieftain's recent laaue
on the utrlke ia alive with the policy
of that pifcjior. To nay that (he author
of the recent evolution of venom l» a
cheap liar, wpuld not do full jumice to
thi" mlftt»rable «|i*»rlm>-n of prostituted
ability. HI* remark-* ahout the murder of Uuls Tlktm exceed all bounda.
When lie wrot#> Miow r#markt he kn»w
that they were untrue: yet for a tew J what u mmnt illd h<, M1j |lvr# y(MI
dirty dollara doled out to him Irom a;,,, amMIBt of mm. mtmt th,t ^
aource which lie knew wai unclean, b*} l»«.faiton the human race alnee the
did not henlMi^ to rlMy He about n ma(loM< mA Mi J0U »u tm iBd
dead man who waa more of a man In Hmm mop„ ]mUim lll8 j^ j,,,,,,
every aenae of tha world than thu iWrtd l0 ^,,1, br ujw toM Mm by
«»Wl   ..•-'.«,    .......   *      it*.' '
„., , ■     ■    ■    ,   * j a inn laayera wno know nothing and
n,,W""M   *"f   W"   f0f * }m'    w«*  to*. Obom,    mmWM COMtllOB,
parted the direct preai representative wi|0 tawtt ^ gWm t0 $l^ „,,
of thta* ration political comhinjtlont WwtlW n^mtkm* AwmcItm or
th.t have dlitractd tkt State. Ha baa thf MnM t0 pwm by the „,„««»«•
neither tool nor any concept ion j of olh6n who luvt ^6 VH.k y^y,
"""""" l ne ronaeqwM« la, thia terrible ffeofft
of the Conireaalonat committee and
follo'vtns that, vi't. un i-ipc-tt tu atu
the .Federal Government move toward" ;i pprnw<»nt spttloment (1 of the
whole trouble, It's no Kood being Impatient about the delay, Inviting fl*
!t In. When the settlement la made, It
will be a permanent one, not some
patched up truco which deceive* no
one and helpa no one.
•   *   •
"IlecoRiiltlon of the Union" la per-
, hap!* the one term that la spoken Sn
the Kniiliali language which baa   a
more variable interpretation than any
utbii,   A»k   the   ordinary   operator
Good Investments-Ledger Advts
decalogue that he would not wallow
In. Tbem la no cowardly aaaasilna-
tion of character, bt the owner dead
or alive, that he would not eagerly
partlcipatr In, ao long aa be got paid
for It.
•   •   •
TUf.   ffcttlluil   of   UUl'li»l   «UIU.UK     tit*
continues to acare th* life imt of Mr.
Operator and aa he broods over Rf
auppoaed horrora, the terroti grow.
Xow, if ho wool4 only one* mak* no
hl« mind to lock tkt natttr fairly not
i"*l'.urdy ta the «ye mA time hia tar*
(and incidentally hts poekatbook) to
Uiu»* i-cimi crooke who have ao et*
poor, unfortunate -dtbt tbat live In me 1 fwtuaJly surceode-d ta aeartaf bla, R
bullpen* fa crowtnf etnr day. and a' would tabu ktn atant aa boor to
strike among thtn «in be eipected i reallte what a lay be bad been,
at any tlmt.  rmt T5 Vt cent  of j •  •  •
tb«c« mtn wtmtd M altoned. join th* j ft caa ft* readily dtmoaatrated to
L'ukrtk. U'a 0 t-fk-tl UUmiI* U» lU« ««!»-• any JatMalM-ieO men tbat "iwctntttaw
tli ftottttt MUUfMM-at   of!of the Ualoa" eetaally «tft tto «0-
miner; the gunmen the thuga; tha
saluoui iiud sporting lioune* run by
political rings, and the pluck-me
stores; beyond thit crowd It's a hon-li
efit to every one concerned. "Recognition of the I'nlon" meant the establishment of a means whereby tbe men
may be heard collectively; thia and!
thia only la Involved   In   the   term
known aa "recognition of the Union."
•   •   •
A good Joke took place a few days
ago A certain operator waa telling a
few of the dreadful thlnga tbat would
happen of the Union wns recognised*
and wound up by saying; "Why we
operatora wonld have to Juat hand
over our properties to the Union and
tbe only <bin« we ahould have IMt
would be tbe deed." Tbe joke con-Mated In the fact that among the listener*} J
there wasn't a single peraon who did
not know wall that this particular
operator had bad his deeds in aoak
lor ail tbey were worth ever since he {
imAui iuu tbe property, aad taai tae
summit of bla ambition waa to get tb*
deed lato bis own bands.
•' *  •
, Brutal, bloody war! What fer? Can
aay banaa Mad with ordinary Oat*
tact explain auch a pbenomeaoa?
That men of auppoaed education,
standing and opportunity ahonld
eotrntenaace auch devilish proceedings !• bad enough, bat to add hypoe-
rtiiy fa catting tt glortou* And tba ain
of tmplooa sacrilege to calllag oa tht
v«i| GoU ui v******, love and hindneea.
tbroagb bla supposed mtwtsttrs to
Wane wanlerera aad unglaa* ef war
to he uied to kill and deatroy. ia a
staggering blow to tbe foundations ot
Christlaafty.
WWte im *U U« tnionuiMwa*) peae*
with its great ptloco ol
Who is Your
» *
Printer?
DO you ever consider
the importance of
00 the use of stationery
that is in harmony with
the nature of your business? In many cases
your letterhead is considered as an index of
your business character,
hence the necessity of a
good printer.
00
Tf you want really high
class printing-the kind
we always produce-try
na with your next order
The District Ledger
"QUALITY" PRINTERS
Phone 48a   :•:    Fernie, B.C. ■■,;■:'.".»»
•***tr
iiii-.i.yi.i.^ijjii.i
XA&
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0, AUGUST 22, 1914
PAGE SEVEN
7 I'M
£jfA><
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minards
Liniment
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
*
Wholesale Dealers in'
,   Wines
Liquors
n
fafs
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Feriiie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross Brothers £K
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
0
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
For our. Foreign Brothers
Pull supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
fry our Cambridge 8aus<
agts for tomorrow's break,
fast.
Cfi'.L OR PHONE
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 68 Weed Street
PIRNII, B. C.
P, Carosella i
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Gooda, Groceries, Boots and
Shoea, Gents' Furnlabluga
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
THI THING THAT PRA2ZLI8
If the worker bad nothing to do but
make a living for himself and family
he would havo a cinch, It's making
a fortune for the boss an.d bis family
that keeps him frawled.
mt
mumm
AUSTRALIAN   HOTEL
Morrissey Junction
An ideal week end retort, with belt ftih-
in; and hunting in the district. First
class accommodation. The only hotel
in the district,
STEVENS
tV.
Proprietor
KRVAVA EVROPA
Europa gori! StraSni, krvavi plamjen
sviga malone po vseai kontinentu in
po2ira mllione in mllione • 61ove§kih
bitij. CvetoSa mesta ginejo v prali;
ponosna polja so zdaj puSCave—pos-
uta s trupli in poparljena z rekami
krvi!
Europa Zibel zapadne kulture!
Izvor modernega znaastra! Civiliza-
cije! .Civilizacije? Ha! Ha! KrsCan-
ska Europa! Kagino proklets'tvo te
je zadelo!
Kaj si storila, Europa, da moras pod
noi in v ogenj? Kaj so storili milioni
in milioni uedolznih ljudi, da morajo
padaii kakor Kaj so storili milioni
in milioni nedollnih ptrok, da morajo
stradatl in plakati za oCeti, ki so in
bodo oble£ali pod koso?
Zakaj? Ljudje civllizlrani, krSCan-
ski,' zakaj? Cenm to? Europa, kje so
zdaj tvoje neStevllne cerkve, v
katerih se je svak dan glasllo: "OCu-
vaj nas Go&pod vojslte, lakote ltd?
ALI JE POMAGALO? StraSne besede
ml silljo izpod peresa —aii naj bo!
'Ako bl bil rekel pred enim mesecem,
da bo do tega prISlo, lido bi dil verjel?
Danes pa vldlmo, da je tudi to mogoce.
Danes imamo atraSnl dokaz, da je civ*
lllzaclja, kultura .humaniteta, krfifian-
stvo—iHNA VELIKA IAZ! Vse to je
le lepo pisana odeja na vrbu, -a spodaj
je pa—.BA-RBARIZE.M, divjaStvo,
kakor je bilo pred deset tlso5 let! in Se
prej. Clovek je 6e vedno barbar—
zver—, ki 4re drugo.
Clovek je barbar zato, ker §e vedno
Mvl pod BAiR.BAiR.SKFM VLADAJO-
OIM SISTBMOM. In 4a je krlv vsega!
Dokler se CloveStvo klanja polbogo-
vom: kraljem, cesarjem, carjem ln
kapltallstom, tako dolgo bo ekslstlral
barbarizem.
Zakaj s.e je Evropa zallla s krvjo?
All so morda tako hotele mase mil-
ionov, ki se koljejo? NE! All morda
vtemu kriv spirkovec, kl je v Sarajsvu
ustrelil jednega parazlta? Xikdar!
Kriv je demon s trojno glavo: MON-
ARHIZRM, MILITARIZHM, KAiPITAL-
IZBM!
NesreCna" smrt Franca Ferdinanda
bi nikdar ne povzrocila vojne—5e toi
ne bilo ravno tisti Ccas v Evropi toiiko
velikansklli kupov smodnika, kolikor
je kronanih ln nekronanlh valadarjev!
Ce bi ne bilo smodnika*. kanonov in
Morakih jeklenih po&aati, ne .bilo bi
vojne. iMonarhi—polbogovl—so zldali
in zid-ali amodnlk nakupe iii narodi so
ponlino pladevall: kovall so kanone,
jjiH*fikft_ln eradill rirerinaUtft-ln—naradi.
so pla&evaAI. Ko je pa smodnika ?.e
prevelik kup—moralo je pritl do
eksplozije. Cakali so prilike. In
prillka je priSla. Umor v Sarajevu je
bila le pretveza, na katero ao velemor-
lloi dolgo Cakali. In zalgall ao smod-
nik.
Evropa zdaj u21va! UJJva sadove
demona s trojno glavo. Laznjlva civ-
lllzaclja se zdaj reil ln roga masam v
obraz. Slstem kl dovoljuje, da sme
EN' SAM, CLOVEK, kator je avstrl-
jski, cesar, nemski cedar, ruskl car
Ud. POGXATI .MILI&NE LJUDE
smrti v irelo, brez da bl jlh vpraSal.
da-ll ao a tem zndovaljnl all ne, zdaj
placCuJe maaam njih pasjo pokor&Clno
napram polbogovom.
Straftna je cena! Groznajo cena.
kl jo plaCatl CloveStvo. Mllione ljudl,
kl bi lahko detail za blagostanje
dru£be, gradllt In ustvarjall bogastvo,
rodlll In gojlll zdrave iiotomce, mora
| —poglnltl—Cea, neCc*™-«amo zato, ker
tako hoFe pnr IJiidi. I.otn In Iota Je
trnjalo. preden ao prldno roke del-
avcev tgradlll Seleanlce, mostove In
nefttevilne druge sgradbo v korlat In
napredek dloveStva. a zadaj morajo
delavci avoje delo iinttevatl, ruftltl,
podirntl v nIf, snmo zato, ker tako
ho«e par ljudl. rcenjukl, uflteljl,
iznajditelji In dljakl, kl obetajo neA-
tevllne koristi in dobra dola rn pov.
zdlgo CloveStva, morfljo ostavltl
knjige In dolavnlcein lil v klavntro,
samo sato, ker ho*e par ljudl. 8tra*nn
Je cena!
Atnpak! da dl Ip tie blln saetonj! Ce
lv :uut-i ilimpa iilaCal) tako aroxiio
ceno. mkn Rrfna ielja jo, da bl jo
•ilafal.i za prldobltev ni^JNICNi:
CIV1UZA0MK !Jf PRAVK 8V0IJODB!
Ta grozovlta, najbolj baikaraka voijna
na sveta bl morala Mtl 7ADNJA!
Start drkl ao rekll, dn kadar lio-fejo
bogovl koga iwaubltl, mu najprvo
cdviamejo pamet. Kromin! lopovl v
Rvropl ao rtan^no stdaj Umililll pntxift.
JJATO Jill MORA 1'AK.VTI POOIvN!
V Hvrojil ne bo mlru. nlil pravnaa
jna;»i*«|k», do-lil^r narodi ne j»o!«Tf3o
vmh iloflnskih trono* po mtl: ne
unaiiovljo v*».J* r»>t»iih!lk »l! *na *%mn
idrtilcnlh dflav eViwwkih a r«t»!«o
GIOVANNI   JAURES   ASSASSINATO
Certo Ronl Villain, figlio dl un can-
celliere della Carte Civile di Rehims,
la sera del 31 del teste scorso luglio,
a Parigi, assassinava, con due rivoltel-
late al c&po, Giovanni Jaures che
pranzava in tin piccolo ristorante nei
press! della Borsa.
Giovanni Jaures l'antinillltarista
piu influente del mondo, leader dei
socialisti francesi, oratore insuper-
abile che, nell'ultimo trentennlo riem-
pl del suo nome e dello sua opera il
movimento politico ed operalo, con-
tava appena 55 anni, era nella
pienezza della sua virilita, della sua
energia distruggitrice e fattiva,
Xon era della stoffa del Briand e
dei Ferri JCon militava tra 1 rlvolu-
zionari ,piu accesi e piu impazlenti, ma
non conosceva le vie tortuose dell-
'arrlvlsmo lungo le quali saltabeccano
certi rlvoluzlonari di nostra con-
oscenza.
Giovanni Jaures e scompatBO alia
vlgllia della piu sanguinosa confla-
grazione che la storia della umanita
abbia mai registrato.
Jn quest'ora traglca, torblda di
•barbarie e di sangue, mentre i pro-
letari vengono condotti al macello, e
con un brlvido dl angoscioso stupore
che si pensa come Giovanni Jaures
non potra salutare le aurore dolle
Comuni d'Europa.,
A quali sentiment! abbl obbedito la
mano deH'assasslno non e dato pre-
cisare per ora.
Xon safa pero fuor di lugo rlrcord-
ara 1' attegglamento assunto dai
Jaures nel Congresso straodinarlo dei
socialisti francesi tenuto verso la
meta del testescorso luglio.
iMandavano all' "Avanti!" de Parigi
in data 17 luglio:
Nella seduta d'oggi del -Congresso
Xazlonale soclallsta francese, e stata
approvata, sulla questione dello scio-
percv generate in caso di guerra. la
seguente mozione presentata da
Jaures:
"Avvertiti dalle condizioni stesse
della guerra moderna, compluta-
mente subordinata alia attivlta di
qualche industria, istruiti da esper-
ienze moderne che hanno manifestato
sinceramente in Grancia ed in lnghil-
ierra la potenza rivoluzionarla del
lavoro organizzato dl fronte al peri-
coli accresciuti che comandano alia
massa operala un'azione piu diretta e
piu decisiva, 11 Congresso consldera
JKsme^—partleolannsnte—efficace—io"
sciopero generate degH opera slmul-
taneamente e internazionalmente ar-
ganizzato nel paesl lnteressatl, come
la agltazlone a la azione popolare
sotto Ja forza piu attiva contro la J
guerra. Convlntl che la guerra non
e possiblle se i popoll sono lllumlnatt
aulle origlnl del conflitto the li
minaccla, convlnt che essa non puo
veriflcarsi con le masse operaie
coaclenti della loro potenza, consider-
ano lo aclopero come ultimo mezzo dl
difesa contro gli attentatl crlmlnosl
dell'lmperlallsmo, ed 11 Congresso In-
vita I partltl socialisti dl tutti i Paesl
ad adottart le misure dl represslone
che non II hanno mat fatti lndiotreg-
giare, a rendere popolare e sempre
presente all'animo dollo masse questo
mezzo dl lotta, II piu efficace tra tutti,
conforme alio splrlto del soclallimo e
che rlaponde dlrettamente alia minaccla Iniperiflllsta."
I-n mozione Jaures raccoglie 1 votl dl
1«f»0 sezlonl quella dl Compere-Uloral
ne raccoglie 1171. Si aono aslcnutl
I rappreseiitantt dl S3 aezlonl, Nrano
aaaentl quelll dt 24
Bravo! Arkansas
Coal Diggers
By Eugene V.  Debs
Hats off to the Arkansas coal miners!
They have routed the gunmen and
delivered a body-blow to government
by assassination.
For some time there has been a
strike ou in the Hartford valley,
where one Franklin Bache, arbitrarily refused to deal with the Union and
insisted upon operating a scab concern. When the miners in his employ
struck he promptly did what the oper-
tors in West Virginia and Michigan
did, and what the operators in Colorado are now doing, namely, he
ordered out "his privately-owned and
armed gunmen and assassins, a small
army, equipped with high power rifles,
to slaughter the miuers and their
wives and babes and re-enact Ludlow.
'But the miners had heard of .West
Virginia and Michigan and 'Colorado,
and they were not caught napping.
They were not so well armed as
Bache's red-light gunmen, but what
they lacked ln physical equipment was
more than made up in moral stamina,
and when the smoke of battle cleared
away several gunmen were found to
have bitten the dust and.the rest vanished into mist and no trace of them
has 'been found since..
Bravo, ye caol-digging slaves of tbe
pits! You have done your duty in a
heroic manner and deserve the applause of all honest men. May the
miners everywhere catch your .brave
spirit and follow your inspiring example!
Government by private gunmen and
the massacre of honest toilers must
<be put an end to in the United States.
We Socialists are for peace and we
are steadfastly opposed to violence
except when lawless violence is forced
upon us and we are compelled to fight
for our lives and in defense of our
families and homes.
In recent years the great trusts and
corporations have gone entirely outside of the law to wage their lawless
warfare on lawful labor Unions. They
Jiave established their thug-recruiting
agencies in all the large cities,
through which they drag the slums to
recruit their army of cutthroats and
assassins.
This private army of t*e corporations, an absolutely lawless gang of
man-killers, is armed with machine
guns and hjgh nower jjfleg. and-when.
for standing up in court like a in,in
and admitting it!
If government by gunmen is to prevail, then liberty is dead and the la-
hormovement a farce.
The Arkansas .miners have throttled
the monster and I appeal to the miners everywhere to arm themselves and
prepare to do the same. They ate
strictly within their lawful right in
arming themselves against lawless invasion and in defense of their homes.
The next assessment that is levied
by the United Mine Workers and. the
Western Federation of Miners should
be levied for the raising of a gunman
defense fund for furnishing each
memiber with a high power rifle and
500 rounds for the protection of their
lawful rights, the defense of their
wives and children and for Wiping out
government toy gunmen and assassination in the United States.
THE   MARKET
VALUE
OF  BABIES'
LIVES
A committee of a New York organization which is trying to save the
lives of babies has estimated the value
of the average infant at $2,900 and
the value of the babies who die each
year in Xew York city at $40,000,000.
The committee got its result by subtracting the cost of bringing up a
baby from the average earning of
the successfully brought-up adult.
Why it should make any difference
whether the balbies which are lost
would have 'been worth, to somebody
not mentioned, forty million dollars
or forty cents may be hard foi
thoughtful persons to understand.
The habit of regarding .babies as investments, with a net profit accruing
to some one—after expenses of bringing up, feeding, amusing and finally
burying are .paid—is neither uplifting
nor Intelligent.
The baby's .ledger, in a ideal Society, woulid just balance, with the addition of a small percentage of what
might be called social reinvestment to
help the race along. Xo Qne would
get rich by being able to. subtract
what others spent from what they
earned and keep the remainder. The
baby, as he grew up, would be useful.
He would work hard, not only for
himself, but for the community, but
he would get back dividends on nearly all such work in the form of advantages gained from living in surti
a community. There would be no unused surplus, either in the hands of
individuals or in the public hands.
The millions of dollars saved babies
would be "worth" would not be locked
in bank_^aults^__It_Kould~.aI!—go-to-
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
' •-' %
WmMMMM&UmMMMMmm
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock la K. P.
Hall.
Noble Grand, J. T. Puckey.
Secretary, J. B. Moiklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
.each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, T. Ratcllffe.
K. of S., D. J. Black.
M. of F„ Jaa. Madison.
L07AL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meets every other Monday
at 8 p. m., In K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, F. H. Newnham.
Secretary, G. Moses.
140 Howland Ave.
L07AL TRUE BLUE ASSOCIATION
Lady Terrace Lodge, No.
221, meets in the K. P. Hall
second and fourth Friday of
eaclj month at 8 p. m. ■
.MRS. J. BROOKS, W. M.
W. ORR, Secretary-
LOYAL ORANGEMEN
Terrace Lodge 1713. Meet
at the K. P. Hall first and
third Friday evening of each
month at 7:30. Visiting brethren cordially invited.
R. CRIOHTOX, W. M.
J. SKILLIXG. Rec. Sec.
ffifrnTOniffWrcfttiht-gg1!
A. Macnell
S. Banwell
List of Locals District 18
He.
17
1»
421
910
mi
ii*?
tan
**77
1121
MI4
m%
fl>7
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.'.71
Dft»
tm
I3S3
m
Heme tee. mi P. O. Atferese
wwt* A** Wn«» w-m tr*-** te*,t*t*m_ tttt,
Uonkbend.... ....Jf, WbnM\ey,mnobb*nA, k\t%.
tieotor Creek...........J. Looifcran, Bearer Creek, via Pincher. A3U.
MOetw iteme Borke, Bog U, Mkune, AIU.
BWnsor*.....  W. c. tMmetben, malrwoce. Alt*.
Barrols... ......T. O. Htrftee.Paiilwff.AlU.
('ArtMWiele J. MM*fwW   Cnffconrtal* Crtmti*    1'*;
cemnore,.............. Michael Warren. Canmore, AIU.
Cotanati...............J. JoBMtiMt Cowman, A1U»
CorWn .Geo, Elmt, CorWn, B. C.
ChlBMk Mime  -lea. Homo, Chlnvok, m Dtatnom! Oity, AHa.
Fernie ...Thost I5f*in, Fertile, D. C.
Prank ......£ran Morgan, Frank, Alu.
Hoemer. ....•......••,• «. BaMefMoM^ Hoewer. B, C
Hii'M-rent.............. Jaa. Uortos. IllilereM*, AIU.
LHtdHUpa  t. mum, im Bit* Armnn, S tMbbrtfltt*
Letmittken Collleriee... Freak narrinfhBin, CosHmfst AHa.
Maple Loef.............T. O. Haffwi. Pseslwfg, Alta.
\\l>d*t  .......... II. rawer. VlkrbtA,It.C
Ptotdmte-.............. T, fl, Harriee, nuetwrg, AKa.
T»l*r.. v. A. I'atterao*. Tnbmr. Attn.
fietrvetomn, Can«M>r»...Ma* Hbtter. Oeontetown. daasww. Alta
tmtetio Miuee.......... Hanr McKenna. Xortegg, t\e Rocky itoonl-
■It Hwree, Afberta
8UPERPLUO  ID  INDIOENZA
I glornall dt Plttabtirg, Pa„ nnnun*
clano ch© del vagonl dl fruttn c dl
leguml al vendoijo nel "garagea" a
preszl Inferlorl al conto dl traaporto.
non lasclando alio aiiedltore che af
rlprometteva dl reallzxare un \*i\' <ll
danara eke del debitl ds pagare,
I prezzl al mlnuto aono, malxrido
tlu. u'tJiiKiU-tt »nt.v«u die ogni Rloruo
I rlvpndltorl tono coatretti a gottari*
lifU'SmmoDdt M.iia 11114 tju,muii» ton-
tlderevole dl men-* avarinta rho non
pote etnere vciifaitii abbantaniu mpl-
damei.t** « lu liUtf 1(. I'Htii d'Amcrlra
el aono mlglianla di |»vraonnf> t"b*>
inancano del incrn»arlo o (ii'vo'io
campare dl fruits •> di leaumi.
QtiCktt. sono It* dell*|i» il«'l ri>iilm«.
capltailait.
Xal dolililniiHi ,*i,tit*mh'rv u *"uiii»«»-
jeer! e ad amarrl, faceado piu aluito
; II noa'r-y t'/M'.o, •,.',-& npei'.n S! «..»ii.<
1 Fxxorp, allarrandft In 'nostra l-!<.'i   <U
KouuoJo llud»ua.   dokler   ne untfiio (umanita
popolfKHna MIUTAHIS5KM  I.S*  KAf»|i    U nostra atiMalote i' dl Tnmiii-
TAUZKM! \t-nlr*" itt  uotWin novrlla  lined! "su*
I'ovra-fllo aa prellto  kfl   v awlanll ji*tt«rla."   M vim   kocIpIh   t*   una
n*y*x>\l bndodelakl vojnl. kar Jib pomnl | amtclA.
tmVtt**-*l**t, t*f        l-ttttt        I. » **-■* »_, X..„A    S    ■             ,9,;,9*     m,,.a    ««««««<.'
h«f»*». ' f1:f-    -t'.l'**1,'-*i    "      Uh    ,^,j  .'..,.(,.    i*     ,'.,
■— ~--— w*-1...*. * a-fWawl'iTrirnttt   dl   coloro   -fit*
workingmen go out on strike, aa they
have lawful right to do, the corporation army of private thugs is at once
ordered out to shoot them down like
dogs and to insult, outrage and
slaughter their wives and babes, as
they did ln Cabin Creek, Calumet and
Ludlow.
To submit peaceably to such criminal invasion of their rlghta and such
Infamous outrages upon their man.
hood, workingmen must be sunk to
fathomless depths of degradation and
dead to every sentiment of self respect.
In the case down In ^Arkansas the
scab operator, following the example
set by the operators In other States.
had his court injunction Issued,
ordered out his private army of man-
killers, then sat himself smugly down
in his easy chair to wait .until the
miners whose lottor had enriched him
lay weltering In their own blood.
Hut this particular operator was
fooled. He got his lesson and he will
not forget It. When the battle was
over IiIh private army was annihilated
and hia min™ iuul tipple*, to the value
of $20(1,000, blown up with dynamite,
a mass of mini*.
This is the way government by gun-
men and assassins should be mndo to
react upon the criminal master class
every time they put It In operation.
Hravo, onco again, Arkausas coal-
diggers!
Inspiring
cltins of the nation. ;
Tl..' -f^ri'Oratioju »u,.mui  •*'„** hm*.
mutrit   workingmen.    murder women j
iboot lo  hfcnmi*  mr'tlnr-i   au'  Miffo '
cnt-fi and roant bstSw* nt* tln-.v did at
Ltnllow, «r#> the most dfi<etiiii!i!i» of de-
ttwmtrt mui th<- \lk*u uf iiu;U*».
Th»>> «r« more dangmnf thun mad
dog* and thould be trwalo.1 tirconllng.
ly.    Th-py h»v« absolutely    iw> rtalit
that any honi>«t workingnmn t* 'tmmd
lo ll'»;ifi:l.
Thfy !in» private a«aaa*!n« :t'..''. ysU-
i
j lie rtieml»*i»     Thev «f*f tbt* fern. '■>!>
of strife, tbt* im-iter* of Hot «i*l thf
flieddiT* uf inmneiil lilnml     Tlf'v •••<'
n iiersi^tiiiil mi'ittice to fw>«n» nnd a«»(f
gcv*r;:m*tit  aw tU*. >   ihriv«s «»u.>  »n
violttite and uirn**.
Whim ibt-tu*. mi«*> r<-.i.l» er* *--«« t*<it
MACNEIL A BANWELL
Barristers,  Solicitors,   Notaries,
Etc.
Offices:   Ground Floor, Bank of
Hamilton   Building Fernie, B. C.
ward making better and happier men
and women out of infants who would
grow up Instead of dying.
This is the only way of saying: what
netarly everyone would admit and few
would be willing to have acted upon,
that tbere Is no national wealth and
tbere should be no national econo-
mels which are not reflected in the
greater happiness, the fuller lives of
individuals.
'• It Is already a truism to say that
money-making has been a religion in
America. We think in terms of
money. That Is why we have to
translate our babies, the sufferings
iind devotion of our mothers, ail the
finer things of our lives. Into money.
Money haa been the national dialect.
We have even upheld Justice bemuse,
hi the Mid. It saved money, and added
m footnote to our declarations of In-
impendence to say that a greater
measure of democracy would be economics) «« well ns Jimt.
When   the   New   York   plillatitro-
plats patiently figured out the market
value of babies' lives they were working their sum backwards, and reducing an nii«iwer Into a complex much-
tion.   What they should have dune--
perhaps  they   are   doing It In thdr
work—was to find on! how lo Iran*-
Sate mmney into Uablt»s, and not only
into bullies, hut into   happier, wiser j
ind better «n>wii-uj, people.   Thst In j
Vou have m a heroic and j«-»'«'   worlds   real   problem.   Xext to j
example    lo    the working ! Prodiicln* thlnsr* whleh we typify b; !
money the fuiidanteiiUil ti^k Is to turn j
'AltitU   .iltn   -JclU-l   Ii*hii,'„; !
The poorest rlilM In ,Vew York, in (
tbe moH «r<li!ti| .,( Ni.-.* York'n «*«•*■*-j
emenw. In not mily wurth forty nill-j
Hon dollars, but he lu worth all   the!
moat j lu xh** *»»iW,    Murtey i» only:
'» rl'.'tim on gooi!« ."Jul labor, und very 1
often only « s»tfin!i and harmful claim, {
but » baby, at the most, may rhattge j
fur Ihe i*-Mt#r the whole i/otirae of hn
aiBM hlatory, and tit the |.;i»l he can
he trained to l*n\e tin*    world t*  hi?
't*»'r  'bun   »jf   fmn.tl   il,    A„>,   IX.,:,-
t.'.SCO  Itlllllliil
F. C Lawe Alex. 1. Fisher
LAWE A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
*
Fernie, B, C.
SHOOTING SEASON
BEGINSJEPT. 1st
Call and see us before
setting out  for your
fall hunting trip
l:«m«» lit.ti Will i »• ii tite tmhen In (heir
erlh*.  If t«  *1ttnt   *>.   »*'"*   •■•■■
sgsltist thom.
*'i    ll the law under c»{>it»H*m tierm't*
„ . ''*** i lnwlessnesa and vlolen. e on the part
Mail's netis are t*o. K taddty a»4'afrntta; ni»a rellgloa** che rfnrtfi^ l.«! ^,
a gri-ftance,   The hobbr keepe hlm'sua rarlta Iporrita • che terrorlstal
chasing and the grleranc* keeps him coloro eh* tentamtm fur erollare toi
FINED fIBO FOR LOW WAGE
rrv»l4«i4  t orun»r»  ot  the  linnver-'
l'ni*hlo t'onmntttttm    Comps-m    %,x*
tiite.1 Hit nttd co*'* fur vleil.if'.t.K ,t rit;
'o daughter iione»t two. pillage their '«r.lin*«*f# «f lienver which  provide*
tor * men* srhednl*. of %iM iter day
nt  r *„-,-,   ».     ...
Tbt* X'**t*t.A t,-'*''".'' *•*:'',• "."
iifed to ttie % V -nt !.., liroaghi Incase to trial. If I* chare*-*! thai mat*
•td tk* company's   workmen   on rttv
lntroi|*cUon, which Is dttlh.
tli* ««>r**»oralioit*tt »»«* uietr prtratej
[army of ihoa*, and workingmen nr*
■ ,1t*nl»d tb* ftphtmrlln*!  r," •**.,*>,■,    ,,    ,
enntrarts art*rt* pnltl mix ||,««
:i
*^\
Wr hare the largcit Aa-
•ortment of Rifles, Shot-
gum, Ammunition & Camp-
ittg outfits in the pass
J. D.^UAIL
Phone 37
FKRNII    -    B. C.
*»#*#**»   Wh    9f\ *h
■ m,a*'•*** tiatb,
t nothing is left for them bv u* .Uf«t»d howir» * 4»y.
ipttdnintbtio ahbanier* qnesta m«mle|lhl.ww,lw» ,„,, tMr h,,H ^^ Mtti
tke torn-1 lt tfcey harf, m. 0w BmfltaKlt, Ut ,jrt
1 thl*. tliey deserve to lw *rru*hi«>«l   be-
aaaaB9BSB»J<-he os»prti»«., *• i|oe»lo   Dlo
< tTiNmi (tv^ormtciRKO     jawte lomllt* degli   unl.   dando
mtih IJtXiAt. At^tn.lCA'npm, na that Ami-t*  «pf«rs«i*o  agll   altrl-<•»««
liar*
««n*»(>i  tt at'I, lit* »«••! «.f the dta*mat*.
'      ■   lltUHt
n<l in »re«r
Cutarrls I* a ti««rf er «-<»n«tltuMo««t *xta- i •
m. aad In order \e ter* It. $
tr* fotantnl r*tni*i1t,**t    fhtr«
tern mwax)
a Oul*i'vU
*£!^iW£Xmmm'm»iXfr  "'*      "^   ***   '**   *4**W<**,B#B|*'    °f   21  of Hi* fall^f   Ml«#   W«r**-«.  tftti
STtrT-hTil^^ttT^riT; mW}> 1h* M0mr*   *"*   rM   "'   ',.H »•:. emm t»«t h» t,v» *"■ *< " .«,
t**i
tt'.
Cnrc |*  tak*
tattlr nmn^
<t<mclf rimUHk*.   I» tra* iwwri****! by
mn* of lite tt»*t ptiiticlans In tM» eome
»rv for rears »nd te m-rtrnms
time,   tt l» -e**9|»»(w«d et tk*
UnttW*. -w»w»ili«ed Willi tk* heat Mn**l.
purlflrrs. *£«ln« dIr»«Ujf m tbm »i»ij«.w*
amnio***,   tb*,»»rt«i emnMnatinn «f;
Hi* two lnot*mt**l* ta wmi prttttm***
Here Mt* i**>
tbt* t**tlbt,ra
f.fond. fihtu ihKi nri)i$iH*4 i'kfir itm*t't
m tor r*nnnt^Vwtmnrp%^*xmomranr*.   Tite flrtt ran like Ihi* I
f j U eempeatdt. et Ik* b***l t-mlt*
i AMth the iron he#|» ef xbt-i.
| matters.
S'f.'.l  W,   tt»V   *tn-r,"-4-j
i'-SJIO'I-C
tn-irii'
..MatiJit
I arris.   Paod tar
tml
in
I'*
at tint
InHmtmltl*   trt*,*
frtift
It* pWlt tnr~eoeattiiit.
mi*»^»HV * t:*K, i*t*»i>».. Wetatto rt.
xxttn.
imi.v t tut Kwmttmn to iik
ItlKATKU
•f*C*«r. IX HK«E
t ~,f .^a *,*i.>rtn.f•
wmn ih'h nvrrn
\St» YorU, HAVK A  FIT
g«i»a from **MeAl**t*r, il-fcft. hi* v»nn**-,
tft    til*    *flllB#f*    Ifc    Atli?*.*-*:.*'        '.I    'it
purpose ftf -fnaWir.r ib»m ••• t^''''*"*
tl.rlr «lrea and chlislr.*-!. »«*,»*- '»#•
o«(.;nn**    td    th«»    {>*»! ».*»*.■    *fm«-4
AH iNmor I* IfoM tttt- buf'-r *bli*,*»
tbo mat to tJte uitii'M.".! ::St:.'t.* v„
He   I *<>i!.|«-r «h*i th* meaalng <f
that plcturi! M   Tk* }»mh *nf   fh-**
ms!d*n nr* In a tetider *«tlifttdf.,
«b#.—<»b, doa"! yew ****.    Il#* k*t*
cmi   «»ai»d   ner to mum   Uio*,    Ho* .
a»*"#l    What d<w» tbr nrt\*t ta-t »>»#•'
s»i'''nri»*
H# iJooklnr nkontt-m. I •*+, ,t"*:
airiv.tn  tat  tht- < *<:  *t   %k* b-mtum.
"ifcM"»K*,
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
ShttohbGure
!isT0HceiR,:cH*:T^:?!
ttm «!••• vtotem. fer tat*.
bvpe m***tn •*■* ■ttnwi-m-tnimtt
Barton    Phote 78
>V
ii
M \
*.w „   V
-.'•* *.''
--. -  ■-;—v+.\*
*AGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,  B. 0., AUGUST 22, 1914
$3.50 STRAW SAILORS, SATURDAY, $1.00
This will tempt many buyers (so come early).
This great reduction means a quick clearance. Any
straw hat'*up to -^3,50 for $1.00
HAVE YOU ORDERED YOUR FALL SUIT?
We are agents for the best tailors iu Canada.
.. We''* ■guarantee a perfect fit, and are showing a
greater range ami better cloths than ever before.
Sec our samples before you place your order.
LADIES'   FOOTWEAR
Ladies  high  cut shoes, iu  button  and  blucher
styles, at less ihan cost prices.    Odd Hues we are--''
clearing out. mostly all small sizes, from sizes 2\/_
to 4.   .Made in patent, black vici and tan leathers.
Special Saturday, per pair $1.95
Ladies'black and tan Oxfords and pumps, good.
stylish and 'serviceable shoes, at. '-$1.7*5 per pair.
Only a few pair of this line left, in sizes 3 to (i.
Special, Saturday,  per pair...  .$1,75
SPECIAL   SATURDAY   SHIRT   SALE
Men's negligee shirts in the best-known makes,
coat style, attached cuffs; made from percales,
.dimities, ginghams and piques; .every shirt strictly'
fast colors. The range of patterns is the greatest
we have ever shown, .Values are regular $1.50,
$1.75 and $2.00 shirts. On sale Saturday only at,
each   $1.00
Have you ever wished for
relief from tired feet? Ever
wished for a shoe you could
wear all day without thinking
of your feet? There is just
such "a shoe for women.' Itis
called "Empress." We are
"Empress" agents.
MEN'S FINE FOOTWEAR
Xew fall lines of men's shoes have arrived. We
have a complete line in button and lace styles. The
popular-priced shoes $4.50 and $57<$)
See display in Men's Shoe Department.
Men's outing shirts, with soft collars attached, in
white, cream, tan. blue nnd fancy stripes. These
are exceptionally  good buying, at  our Saturday
price '. ' $1.00
—■— ——i^—i
BATH TOWELS, EXTRA SPECIAL, 20c EACH
Big bath towels in light, medium and dark colors; extra good wearing quality and a splendid
value at little money., Special, each 20c
VAL. and TORCHON LACE AND INSERTIONS
AT 5o PER YARD
Good, strong, durable laces and insertions, in val.
and torchons, good patterns and widths., Special,
per yard 5c
BABY BONNETS IN MUSLIN, SPECIAL,
49c EACH
•Your chance to purchase a baby bonnet at little
money.    Pretty  little  bonnets  in   wash   muslins;
plain and fancy.    Special each 49c
WASH BLOUSES, EXTRA, 95c "EACH
Blouses "that are worth more money; all sizes   '
and a good  selection  of up-to-the-ininute  styles,
each ■ ., 95C
CHILDREN'S   WASH   SCHOOL   DRESSES
SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY
Every size, from 6 to 14., Pretty patterns in
ginghams and percales; made from good wearing
and washing qualities and fast colors.
SPECIAL, ANY SIZE, 6 TO 14. .\ .. .$1.25 EACH
MIDDY BLOUSES, EXTRA SPECIAL, $1 EACH
Any middy blouse in stock in children's, misses'
and women's; sizes 10 to 38; plain and fancy
trimmed, in reds and blues. Yonr choice anything
in stock ' $1.00
CHILDREN'S TRIMMED HATS AT HALF PRICE
Any Trimmed Hat for Children Left in Stock at
One-Half Price
Vrctty little trimmed hats in the season's best
styles, suitable for children from 3 to .12 vein's of
age.   Extra spocial at  Half Price
KNITTED SUMMER VESTS AND DRAWERS,
25c EACH
A splendid value and one we emphasize as worth
buying in quantities. Buy your supply for next
year; the value is great.   Special, each 25c
HOSIERY SPECIAL (SATURDAY ONLY) TANS
AND BLACKS, PER PAIR 25c; FOUR
PAIR FOR $1.00
Sizes S'/j to 10. This special good for Saturday
only. We urge early shopping, as it represents an
unusual value.   Extra special. 4 pair for $1.00
^■■>MM«MHMaHnHaHRMaMHMHHMHIHH«HHH>aMIHa^
«><-M«ffatfHH«naHMHHHHHM«MHMHMHnMMHHaHni«iMP
WASHING MACHINES
Reacting, $S,50 value, for $7.50
Snowball. .$9.00 value, for. '. $8,00
Peerless. $7.50 value, for .' $6.75
Xew Century Hand. $11.50 value, for $10.25
Velox, Power, $19.50 value, for $18.00
WRINGERS
Vniversal, $'4.00 value, for $3.50
Koyal Canadian, $4.50 value, for $3,75
Colonial. $4.75 value; for  .$4.00
Kex. $4.25 value, for  $3,65
Kze, $5,00 value, for  $4.25
Kze. $5.50 value, for '. $4.7;5
Ajax, $10.00 value, for $9.00
DINNER PAILS
Regular Soo, pail, for 70c
Regular $1.00 pail, for 85c
Grocery Specials
For Saturday
Ammonia, pints, 2 for $ .25
Gold Standard Baking Powder, 12 oz.'. 15
Bamboo Brooms, each .....'. 15
Quaker Qats, 5 lb, with china '. 20
Robin Hood Oats, with china 20
Cream of Wheat, 3 pkgs 25
Laurentia Milk, large tin, 2 for , • .25
Oranges, small size, 2 doz, for - ,25 v
Clams, 3 tins  25
Van Camp's Hominy, 3 lb. tin. 2 for 25
Van Camp's Soups, 2 for 25
Van Camp's Pork and Beans, small. 2 for 25
Yan Camp's Pork and Beans, medium, 2 for..    .35
Cross & Blaekwell's ,1am. 4 lb, tins     .65
Cross & Blaekwell's Red Cup-ant .Jehy. 1 lb.    .25
Dalton Lemonade, small bottles, 2 for 25
Ambrosial Lemonade IVwder. large tin 20
McLaren's Peanut Butter, small. 2 for 25
McLaren's Peanut Butter, medium 20 ,
Siam Rice, 4 lbs .' 25
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 8 for 25
Assorted Toilet Soaps, 3 to box, re jr. 35 and 40   .25
Black Pepper. 1-4 tins. 3 for 25
Rogers' Can Syrup, 2 lbs., each 15
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3 lbs. for  1.00
SCHOOL SUPPLIES AND STATIONERY
Large Scribblers, ruled and plain, each 5c
Small Scribblers, 3 for 10c
Exercise Books, 3 for 10c
Large Red Erasers, each  5c
Rulers, each  5c, 10c and 15c
Colored Crayons, per box 10c and 15c
School Paints, per box. 10c, 15c and 25c
Lead Pencils, per doz 15c
Ink, per bottle  :  5c
Sea Shell Linen Writing Pad. each 25c
Turquoise Bond Writing Pad. each 25c
Imperial Tvory Writing Pad. each 15c
Trish Linen Writing Pad, eaeb 15c *
Bankers' Bond Envelopes, 2 pkgs .15c
Osgoode Bond Envelopes, per pa  5c
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
Quality
mATTCHEB"AT=FEW^
J
I
■ «
i
*
WAR (Contd. from fi. 1)
Williams, Adjutant General of the Canadian forces,
to command the camp at Valeartier and to have
charge of the mobilization of the expeditionary
forces. No choice hns yet been made of the commander of the permanent forces, but Colonel Williams is being mentioned in this connection.
LONDON. Aug. 20.—A Rotterdam correspond-
ent says he has iear.ned from official sources in Berlin that Germany will reject the Japanese ultimatum demanding that she evacuate Kiau- .Chau be.
fore August 23 nnd withdraw all her war vessels
from Asiatic waters,
The .Japanese ambassador in Berlin is preparing
to depart, according to n Copenhagen dispatch.
PICK1N, Aug. HV The governor of Kinn-Chini
Uie Ceiniati colony in China, today Issued a proclamation saying that an attack was imminent. The
majority of non-conduit ants already Imve left.
Allliougli the garrison nf Kiiiit-C'luiii is under
.5,(100, the fortification are believed to be formidable, Since war began the harbor htm been mined
and land tlvfeiiM's >»tlengthened with wire -eutHg-i*'-
iiieuttt. earthwork* and mined ttnw-*.
LONDON. Aug. VA The lieriiiaii gunboat Vn-
d.'H.uid w."!> forced t<> d;*iir»n A Nanking, China.
DEATH  OF POPE
ROME, Aug. 20.—Pope Pius X died at 1 o'clock
this morning. He had been ill several days, but
alarming symptoms did not develop until Wednesday morning. Throughout the day Doctors Mareh-
iafuva and Amici devoted their utmost energies to
stimulating their patient ami keeping him alive.
Tlie cardinals were notified of the Pope's grave
condition and some of them who entered the sick
room describe the impressive and heart-rending
scene, especially when the pontiff, rousing hiniMlf
from time to time, spoke. Wednesday was one of
the most anxious days in the history nf the papacy.
Tlie witole world knew the Pope was indispoiiwd,
but it was supposed lie was suffering from «\w
iiwiial ailment, the gout. Up to noon even the members of the household were unaware of the seriousness ot the developments. Almost without warning clinic Die vvoid lhat thc pontiff wiih ul death's
door. All day his agony continued. At times he
revived and was able to say a few word*, but h«pe
of saving him was finally abandoned, ftcvcral
times throughout the city and the apoHtolie palace
the rumor spread that the Pope had died, only to
be denied later.
The Pupe's last illness begun almost coincident-
ally wit Ji the great war in Europe. Thone dime to
him believe tlmt grief over the MtUHlhiii brought
.hi flic fm;i! I'f'iAtK and so ovcnvliolmcd fiitn thai in*
was unable I., withstand nimlhcr attaek uf Uh
<■»!<! -f'y-yiv.
<*f>!oii«»l Murkily, wim Ss an official
of tho purchasing department of thu
Or eat N'ortlnrtt HalUiiy, with hi* re*-
liitfKo here, hit-* received advice*
from hts headquarters nt St. Paul that
in the present crisis-" If he ri'.pi'rc". ;i
leave of absence ll wltt he granted and
le    Alii 1*4 rtil.»VK''l till- imllif lirWilcw*
regarding  salary  ind   pi»»ttl«n   belnt;
held rttwrs for him. as «l! she Canadian  Wotton.
railroad* arw granting their employe*.     *••"'• *** i*nut*i*4 tu aitmitt,*
comiiu'Hit will draw n«y trom date of mnt mon*. From mid-field pisy lh*
enlistment nnd raited out. hut In ito j kill traveled to Manning, »ho |>aa*od
f-nm will ihey draw piy prior to Au- to llie out Hide right. From mitre by
gust 12th,"        * ;• lianas, Walker mor«<l \o. 2 for th*
CRAHAN   CUP Creek,   Thin mixed the tplrlts ot t'oai
ji'reek supporter*. "Alio now consider-
First round .Haturdiy next-Prank )„! tu* match *s r««I as won.   How-
vn. Hlllcrest.   Kefcree Temiiini !„,»,,.,  j,«rauk   „,.,.,.    |wrii,-MUrJy  4ai».
Coal   t'reek   \»   Ktraie     Hei* rt p.; ^rotti |„ front of goal and liawyer.
the (Mnl rpt't-k custodian, In clearing
'u*»f nliad to notice itm ilo**n«i» ot U-
ussiimed the offensive, and Tommy
.Martin scored with a shot that looked easy. Paton touched the ball, but
wag unable to hold It and It Bllpped
over hts hands into the net. Prom thc
kick-off, Frank went away with a rush
and the Coal Creek goal had several
narrow escapes. Shortly after, Coal
■Creek again assumed the offensive an*1,
Booth took a long shot at tho goal,
which gave the Frank custodian no
earthly chance. This decided the
game, in spite of every effort the
Alberta boys could make, they vU^r?
defeated by the score of 2-nil,
At the conclusion of the match,
Mayor Gates presented'the cup, and
made a neat little »p«eclt in which
lu? eulogized the Frank team for the
*MMirt«manllk« wny In which they
luu) turned up twice In Pernie wtthln a
wick, a ndcoflgratnlatcd the Coal
Creek hoys upon their victory,
J. B. Quail's store presents a very
warlike appearance. Th» ultimatum
to big game expire* on tht- Ut of September, and If the hardware more
makes a lale of alt Its stoefc, the
denheti* of the liltU will be experiencing as good tx time as the nelgians,
I'pon receipt of ih* news lhat an
armed Invasion was likely to take
,.il..i.. I.-ja, Au,. MJalli -t-ud-ul! iuuu, .»
t.'jirei.entfttlv.» of th© Ledger vWtfd
,*.„ i,Vntft .».*'r**r' <?*ie'.e Hit-wit)", I'u
fortunately our worst Tears wer*
realized, aft«r a brief reconnaissance
ia the vicinity «**■ ttli-covfcrfc-d a Uul*
tery of filler* hard st work loading
glass shell* with "hegdly" Mutxerlne.
Thl* is one of the most lively et*
plosives manufactured In onr midst,
.-O..I ..nc that Is <■ ilctilatfd to elevate
thn feelings of ihe volunteer who has
b. r*» t*i*trtt4 <-t th'- man who but hit
tnnt bun" o'-x tbe cup final.
scalp wound, and George O'Brien, who
acted as referee, decided to stop the
fight. A three-round preliminary between Louis Ueale and Salvador Guzzi
resulted in a win for the former.
Young Beale showed up well, but the
Napoleonic pose of Salvador would
have struck terror into the heads of a
troop of German Uhlans.
THE   1818
Colonel  Ma*-toy.  It. O, roeivtd  *,
teleftnm from Colon*! llo>. li. <». Cj
at Victoria, this inoruliut, in reply 'u
sk vel#traphlc query    regarding    the)
ttt-Mfi'tb-n'it fo Am    KtK.t«;,a>    im-r*«.»
»-f>f>»t«-r»»»»t  s«  ftillttati•     "Will  lAvtttt* i
d»t» d»r>»ilure an atmn n» «r<tef» re. *
i»tve«J  ker* trom »M«»d*qu»rter«;   auo
regarding transportation,   meals and
iwMlio.    M*n von»<e4 * ami***! tot war
Ml
t f   .
■.iun. of kkk-off *o that tbirtv Mtlriui*»aj||uitQn,   wim   «lipplitg   In,   tnok     the
extra time   may be played   If ti«-#«.|tan «,ff him mA umH -wil|, t„ optn
Kxtra lime was played, but no further »e«r» resulted, althoush  Frank
»arv
TKE   CUP   riNALt
t<wttall enttidsiasts
ni *.**• ii* iu jiamc*   ui
nmn In lernle   on    Ha(urday
wltn.psii«d on*]
lu-wwuu a-ittt t
A MISTAKEN IDEA
l   ,.'*:.   :.',t*i,   u*   ***-»'W    ■ ,iyi,,i,„-.   u,     vM
i»tU\i*'*m* Ab^ tdUtiml* Ot Ai* Ijtttmt ana
<xb<v C<!.iJ Cj**! ntit Ftkbk in-'t 2*2 **"* ■utter lb*' tmnttb .*«..! tt met   d**'
In the Mntg eup Hnal tt the City pirfc.I*,,,,•,, »• *»*• «*• **#»* !» V*nt* m\
Frai.k inmi**d tht- men, acalnst th* Wednesday night.
wind, a nut, was Mowing pretty stltf
for bilf in boaf. Cm| Creek w»n»
aMe to At* everything bnt seor»» tmt
as th#» *lnd began to drop, Krank «••
(turned the aggrcasii* and after som*
smart play around Coal Cfrt-tt goal,
ut   af   tli-.'   tvuic'A..
IMt Wedit-MNtay,   IN*   Krang   leam,
wit* tetenl wnwrters. again mad*
tho pilgrimage to Fernie.   The g»m#
twHng started tt S:S*» at the Cl-y p*rk
From the opwulnt tiekaag*! it ate*
mtleed tkat tbt grand was tn • aery
tviMtU'raaa '.'(uuUU'nw ,n;..l .*,,_ witi/A.
Tbere are some pc-ople wbo still resort
t5 drugfwl |Htt« or n!<ohoUc syrups to
ewfcwnr tm*. .nrntfasneas or gtneral
debility, ainl wbo> Vtutw tbat tb* pure,
•wtdufierutni nciaridim«nt in firatt**
E«.*il».'«.« ■<• t,..t,,*t,\'., Uvvtf ,\..a rrif«in
tnm taking It bttmia* tbey fear H nsajr j Th!» sas snTflHont to ttnm tup   tk* j oceastont   o*««   goal*
tr-atl ¥n frrfttiirt-(jt f,-r-niti-yt*,' ■ *-. ,      ., .      ,      1   . ,      ,,,.„,.     .,,    *
TWsi»st«Nak^Mr*,W«w5r«tt'.;!'7>;'\-,Ul* *"*k  Wu mt*?** T '*'««* pb*k*tm -Uppt.t^
MtmddkmtxmdUmgibtmtbelmdflmkHei*1** th* »*«• ••• eem«em trom n
«ukhif ittb. Its bbtnd-tttftmup. -proper-.; <w»*-r, Tatoa b«*U«t » WMsHbpent
i*rs M mime to tbww off akktm* by r g^f   |f„rf time fownt tb# tmtt «TtB.
Aaak-Tiotmadtmtfhfbe'mximaeitmt*. ?" rr^«««j'»» * 1**T, ***** dftln
^if«i»-k«i.Wic»'*:-tHuu*<^ !^.o|l s. |di< u-um ot lb* pr***l»K. byt totU
w«r* missed
*H*   \i*<9   Muit-
t»ak«-4 avrfaco of tb* gTonsd. No voals
srw» newred deftm tk*. r.m ?«■»« and
neKber tttm wntti be rmfffed   %r«i
playing p»rtl«t«r!y gw«^ fiwttst?
«boril> ettnt Um iv«,tn. (Mi tx^k
The L«M*r». Mat well hoot wa» a WR-
•urttr. Ta H%%well's wind tbt patronage of th« house was insufficient
io guarantee a fig.M, In splto of ltt#
effofts a.u4 oitttv tut llUly llojiii 'of
Habyon Hot iprings. wbo offered •
parse ot llw to tb* winner. Lae«|
■Ami, tt vt gt-Mti tbvugn let »«.
mt Maxwell said Them wna notbiM
-M-sui, &«' «»* mi (ot ike metw.m
consequently w« bmi Bo fight. N»«4-
k>*.t> H> ►*>', *<NMsl4et«bl* fwoliiifr was
directed toward tbe Mttor. wbo f»t
bin stay In town sfcort hmetm, «rbo to
n iplendld sport, was entbsttaftlfttty
*he»red by tbe audience W. A. to*
gram insiaodlat-tly offtrtd l* rofnnd
Ibo motley of all who ted ptM   tm
^ .'LU.iiU>t,.   UkX   '.'...-   . lu«d  ll*V*,4«*i  in
witness tlM» pmllmlMry -betnem
t^m» k*ttntnp of -rtiainow. ***■*
O Connell of L«hbr1dg#. for «Mei mm
poM'ttmtAur TbH tem e mm eem*
sM..d affslr. gad Daany bad bis nun
heat ta tbt first round. Ii tbo ttor-
om rwtad OY'onnet retoired n mutt
Then* is possibly uo buisness so
up-to-iUito as the moving picture iu
dustry. Fil.iu-inakei'A liave to secure
new features every day; authors have
to conceive every possible or impossible situation lor their hero and ho-
.joule; actors have to assume more
daring and dangerous characters every day. Everything is changing and
ono uiliihl almost wiy loo rapidly, hm
li is simply the deiuaud for a ueAer
and more tlirllllug sensations every
day* The public have had their appetite whetted and they are no luorf
satisfied with the old fashioned drama
and comedy Uuni, a child would he
with a magic lantern show after \ **.!*-
ing the movies.
The manager of the fsis has "auy-
ed with It" and Is now In a position to
secure -the very *>e»t una latest ftlwa
fnr his hotisa "Luelle f,nve" it th»
last .word in movie feature film*, I;
Is a serial story in fifteen weekly '»'•
stullmenti. It is )ust as interesting
as a serial novel, but no so tanlalliing,
as every installment ts complete Ir
Itself, Tbere is a •continued mil
week," but you see a complete Venture each week. At tbe Itis, Ftldny,
August S4.
A OHIAT OROANIIATION
The tlitetntb s#ation of tbt Inter
natlonnl Typogrsphle.il Union will bt
beld tt I'rovMenct, H. 1^, A*lgMt lftb
to ISth, will mark another m'.leitonv
1« tbe career of one of tbe world's
greatest craft orgaitUations. Many
exceed it In numerical stmngth, tor tt
lias u<rt ti-t,Wi* utttttetts-. tbt vntTf m-
tnr* nt ibelr calling maktnt for totn
■taabtm tbaa many trtdta, bat In tbt
t»fontktMt*iM>u oi LnMAltti and tn tit
etrt ud protection of Itt Membership
Uhnt m n Vit'k tunintd. Ht
Prlntsrs' Home, nuUUlaed bt tbtn
Mvtaisation al Vetorndo fHsrtntt, It t
■wgnttteent monument fa tbt Vbtm
«ove««Bt. ai »>|| as tbt fypoptgU-
rt! I'nlon. Inrlodlng tbt original con-
trlbntfon of Uo.OW by Cbllds tad
Drtxel. to Ma> tb. l*Ht tbere bas
bett received froas til tttrett tkt
jiam at ai,Mi,UAAi t«r tbt matntt-
ntnee et tbt botM, of vbteft tbere tm
n UUn-n. on ton*, tbt tbett date, at
tnAuex.
Pier tw U«i neail yttr tb* reoriptt
Mn ill tonrett wwt tUUUAl. Pew-
slims were paid amowUng to Hdl,
Ztb nm montary btwtfttt prtd   el
.$255,534.21. Cold figures are not sentimental; they apeak unintelllgently '.o
the uuinltlated. but to the beneficiaries they are full of eloquence. Tt a
plan can be evolved that will enable
the small town printer to organize,
there Is little doubt that the membership can be greatly increased. Tlie
present .provisions demanding) ten
Journeymen in order Institute « Local,
prevents tbe organization ot many
towns.
The history of this organisation is
a record of continuous progress and
the advances that have been secured
In scales; the betterment In conditions
surrounding the employment and tlie
higher standard of manhood and mechanical ability that has been fostered
la little short of marvelous.
This organization has always tieen
in tho forefront In evefjr movement for
tho advancement of the workers. In
Its fight for the eight-hour day it spent
over $1,000,000, and this In a small
space of time. When one contiders
the charges, grave enough to dlarot
most organizations, hurled at ita officials by a militant minority, Its standing is all the more remarkable.
The Providence meeting will bave
more delegates in attendance representing a larger paid up membership
than any previous meeting. Prominent
fi.i.ult* i-JU tiu(J-ftUMi4> ili.il  uUl uoiuv mi
tor discussion will be the closer nlll-
aree of si! prlntlftg enfts, a question
that has received earnest consideration at lb» meetings of other crafts
during the year last past. Those ol
us who are on the outside of this
craft, yet by virtue of our employment
■rt thrown Into dilly contact with Itt
members, hope tbtt any Impediment lo
tb* one organisation for tbe printing
crafts may be removed, In part, by
thin convention. Refsrdless of past
differences thtt resulted In tbt prat-
ent craft orgnnlmtlonf as applied *rf
the printing business, tbem abtwM be
a nnlUng of tbt forces for tbe common good of all. Tbt Typograpbteal.
an the strongest numerically of tbete,
Mint lend tbelr <tH>peml»on to bring
this tbott.   Aa bnablt hanttmon
*tf   t%h    ***     W.Wfit*? at*    >»»... -,,.,        , *      H     ,
„ , - j ,,       , -
bop* tbat *t**?m wW 'b* t*VeTt tit fbl*
convention that will enable tetry
watt worker la aay capacity ta tht
prtattng btsttttt. to )o(o baadt one
with tbt other la tht titration of ait
COMING
The AU-Amorlcan Girls" Baseball
club haB been (hooked to pla:- a s-'.:."*
with the. local boys on Friday, August
21. This olub Is composed of ell
young girls and is one of the fastest
teams on the road, having won most
of their game, heating Winnipeg. Ile-
glna, Moose Jaw and Medicine Hat;
losing to Calgary, IM. The feature attraction is Miss 'M-tud Nelson, the
champion lady pitcher of tho world.
Miss Nelson will occupy tho mound
for five round and then be relieved
by Miss Fay* "who by the way, is no
dub." These two twlrlers are not
the only stnrt, as each and every girl
knows and plays the game like a professional. .The fans and lunettes alike
am looking forward to this as being
one of the best games of tho season.
Don't forget the date, Ferule, Friday, August 21, at C:15 p. ni.
es
Classified Ads.- Cent a Word
HOAIIDHKS    WANWD-^iood   t-tb»e
boufu aud cleun roums, UM per
week, 319 Victoria, mi Wright 8i.
m^Sirfwm^mrFeptxir^: m
terms, apply   to Thos.   Bra4shaw,
lllllcrret Mines, Alberta.
tWrT»7\Og^Ore3?lTloTf,™li^ fe"n
months; broke to gun.   Apply to J.
Ktigllfth, Coal Creek. m
ItOOM ANIl IM>AHI>   Apply 128 Mc-
Pbemon Ave. IU
WWWKTtW^forSer*- years olITquP
to ride tnd drift, and buggy, rubber tired. In splendid condition, A
bargain, Inquire Ledger Office.   2S7
NOTIC1
All persona am warned to keep out
of Cedar Valley, under jieiitlty of Immediate explnslon tnd trespass.
r j mvAxa,
Msnagtr Itlpple lumber Co.
faffray, ft. C. Angtst IS, Illl.
Take .Votlc#—Th«t my wife, Mnry
Hornby, having   left   my   bed   and
bus fit, l mill imH be rssfoastbtt tm
nop debta tht bay contract after
above date.
nuitatx. Jttwm mjktMt*.
tf*>*m*!^m*!^^m*at*'*s*t!*m<g*'esa!^SB!*tss!
tAMD RIOItTltV AGT
Ittltttltl.. "Wfrttrntr
t .*«.— a..,.*..t
Tht editor tf a Kaatat ptptr ttyt
that ht picked np a rifle rtceaUy and
sttrttd ee Um ttrttt lo dellrer   tht
wetpen to Itt owner. Tn dtHnflwent
•sbtcrlbem ftt it Ml* tbelr betda
tbat be was on tbe warpatb, and t»-
tfflaly It iMt tatltttd ta twylng til
be owed. Ott asta wlaed ott t
da*t tf tta Ttorn' tttaiteg. Oa it>
««»!«* It tbt afftae it found a load
tf hat* flfieea baebels of torn, tm
batfetto af ptuttte. a load tf wood
aad) a btrrtl af tamttpt.
Ht South bait (tit of Ut EJsht it),
immus itwita i#»* ttrait City, Map ail. e
%-bemm poof of loss of Certificate
ef Title Xo. IIMSA, to tht abov»«ta>
tlonsd land, latttd In tht name of
Allen Otrtnmlt l^oas. hat beta filed
ta this office, notice Ii hereby given
tbat al Om txplratloa ot ont itontb
te\m xbn Ami* ol lirst publication hereof, ! aball Mmm a frtth Otrtlfltptt nt
Tli.W Ux lUu Umiim»(, \i*U*m in tbe
■aaatMat valid objection ht made to
ast fa wrlttag
Datt4 at the Uad Rtftotry Offke,
XtkOK. thit tftk lay af lair. itu.
rWKDC MOTTATT.
]
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mmmm
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anaattssassisiisttissHaaii

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