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The District Ledger 1913-08-23

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 Industrial V1&7 is Strength.
No. 52, Vol. VI
—ll- —
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
,ii*-;Political Unity is Victory.
iTbe City Council met on Thursday
evening In the Council Chamber, all
being .present with tie exception of
Alderman Ruzzuto.
The question of electric light extensions and replacing the temporary
wires on McPherson Avenue was discussed, but owing to the Council having failed to sell debentures It was de-
,, elded to let the matter stand over until next meeting. .The cost would be
a little over $400.
A communication was read from Mr.
Franklin, of Pincher Creek,- who Is
contemplating starting up ln the -pacK-
ing and storing business, and for
which -purpose he -has an option on the
Macaroni.'Factory building. The communication asked that the city connect the Bewer -with building, same
being indispensable to business of
this nature. The industry would give
employment-to about 12 to 15 men for
a start. The-cost to the city for sewer conectdon will be over ?500. It was
tainted that If the city did not do this
that land would be secured at a site
two miles out. Mr. Morrison, however, -who appeared to be In a very economical frame of mind, strongly objected to the city performing work outside the limits and very reasonably
suggested that the proprietor of tbe
•building be called upon lo defray half
the costs. After much discussion It
•was decided, with certain .stipulations,
/ ji-make the connection with sewer for
benefit of new industry.
An invitation from the Union of Municipalities to attend convention at the
coast was filed.
Magistrate Whimster'B   application
for an increase of $25 per month was
received and "brought forth a strong
■protest from tbe member for retrenchement, Aid. Morrison, who polnteld out
that at one time the magistrate had
been content wiith a salary' bf $35 per
■montfh, iwhereas he now wanted $100.
•It also transpired that last year sev-
work for $75 per month and even less,
it did not transpire, however, who the
applicants were and whether tliey had
any "friends" whom they were* desirous of soaking.     The general opinion of the Council was that the city's
dispenser of juStlce   had".a   rather
thankless job and that $100 was not
any too much to uphold the dignity of
his position,     Aid. Morrison wanted
the matter held over, and introduced
an amendment to that effect, in 'which
he was supported -by Aid. Robichaud.
The amendment, upon being put to the
meeting was declared lost and the original imotlon, proposed by Aid. Graham and seconded by Aid. McDonald,
was put to the meoting and declared
carried unanimously, all tho councillors being desirous of being ln "good
standing" with His Worship evidently.
' An account waB rocolved from Lawe
and Flshor which appears to leave
some doubt as to who Ib responsible
for tho prosocutlon of the real estate
mon In tho city, the City Council or
tho Hoard of Trade.     T-lfo account
was in connection with Rex vs. Cohen.
A communication from tho School
Truatooa'who wanted a trifle over $15,-
000 was read.    As tho Council havo
not succeed in -selling thoir debentures
thoy woro unable to "como-through"
and tho mattor was allowed to stand
over for the present In the hopo that
"something  might  turn   up,"    The
Council, llko Mlcawber, does not appear to be without hope.
It was decided to cancol $7,000 Insurance on tho .polo line, tho risks being conaldored Insignificant.
Ah account from Mr. Marks, In tho
north end of tho town, was received
for repairs to the sidewalk and raco,g-
nlzed and an allowance of $20 made.
An emphatic protest was made by
tho District Lodgor Management with
rofowmco to tho. distinctly unfair distribution of advertUlnif, especially In
regard to tho dellnquont rato payom
It was (pointed out that practically no
Advertising had -been rocolved from
tho city by the Lodger for tho last
four years, while tbo distribution of
printing liad boon squally unfair, The
cost of advertising tho 314 namos was
given at $1.25 ipef name and this °fy>,.
presents Che respectable    total    ot*
about $400.
The .Mayor stated distinctly that he
had given instructions that all printing should be equally divided and Just
how the City Clerk managed to interpret these instructions may be gathered Irom the fact that the Ledger has
to date received about $112 while n.-ar-
ly $600 has .been handed the other I a-
It was also ipolnted out by the Clerk
that the Council could not afford to
advertise in both papers. As the Ledger was not even asked to quote, and
further, as the Council charges the
cost of this advertising with the collectors' and auctioneers' commission
to the delinquent ratepayers, the Ledger management fails to see what
right any city official has to decide
the medium he shall use for advertising.
The Management Committee will
meet in the Secretary's Office on Sunday, Aug. 24th, at 7.30 p.m.
Tfhe regular meeting of Gladstone
Local Union.will be held in the Club
Hall, Coal Creek on Friday, Aug. 29th,
at 7.30 p,m.
T. UPHILL, Secy.
Any person who desires to contribute to tfhe above is asked to forward
their subscription on or before September 6th. The Committee desire to
call the attention of all to this most
deserving case and trust that every
effort will be made to secure a substantial, fund for the 'benefit of the
dependents of th6 late Brother Paton.
The latter being so well known
through the Pass, there should be no
difficulty'in accomplishing this and if
there are any who desire to subscribe
they should forward same without delay to Thomas Uphill, Secretary, Gladstone Local, Fernie, B. C, All contributions will ibe acknowledged through
Nanaimo, B.C., Aug. 21st-
Editor; District Ledger, .   ,
Fertile, B. C.
Over one thousand troops, hundreds of police here.       One hundred
and twenty men under arrest.       Everything quiet.
0 Pettigrew
The aibove Society will this week
end he installed in their new premises
until recently occupied toy Mrs. Todd
in the Todd Block. It is hoped with
the increased facilities for handling
merchandise , that the . Soolety will
ably augment t'heir'stook.-A fine large
basement for' storage purposes has
been fitted up which will permit of
storing large quantities of,flour, vegetables and general merchandise and
thereby/place them in a^imjeh better
position to.buy and selfin competition
with' -other -stores in the town.
As is generally the case, the management anticipates the usual Inconvenience consequent upon removal
and trust that their patrons 'Will make
due allowance for any little errors or
Inattentions- that may Inadvertantly
occur at this time.
The management have a unique key
competition for a handsome new Williams Drop Head Sewing Machine, the
conditions of which are as follows:—
With every two-dollar casih purchase
bought in the storo and oach flvo dollars ipald on book account, you are entitled to one key, four dollar cash i>ur-
chase two keys, and so on up, Ono of
* tho keys ln the. box will opon a largo
Yalo lock on the .sewing machino. The
lock Is sealed and on display, so also
ls the .beautiful sewing machine. The
management Informs us that considerable Interest Is being takon In this
competition but that tihey are;still
able to supply any numbor of koys.
Billy 8. Clifford In "Believe Me"
■Mr. Clifford and his company presented In Fornlo on Thursday night a
vory smart llttlo musical play ontltlod
"Boliovo Me," and although not playing to a capacity house certainly pro-
vldod a most ploaslng and entertaining
ovonlng for those who attended. Tho
musical numbers woro both numerous
and tuneful while tho three Weston
Sisters In their instrumental numbors
elicited much appreciation. Billy 8.
Clifford is a comedian of no mean or-
der and ovory ono of tho company ably
supported him. From beginning to
ond tho play was full of vim, fun and
-music and ovory mombor of tho com*
pany pobbobjcs a volco and toohnlquo
far beyond what wo gonorally find
travelling thin circuit.
Jonathan Graham Passes
Into the Great Bet
NANAIMO, Aug. 16—Far from (meeting armed resistance or a hail of bullets from am"bush, as Col. Hall and his
Invading army of Victoria troops had
been 'warned when they left Nanaimo
on Thursday for Extension, they were
cordially welcomed at the ruined mine
entrance toy strike leader Murray, who
not only told the militia officers that
they were welcome, but also assigned
some of the striking miners to assist
the troops In extinguishing the flames
that still .burned amid the debris of
the mine buildings.
While at Extension The World's cor-,
respondent was. aSble to secure the
first story of the exciting events in
the iibtle mining village from an eye-
■witness—a story that serves to throw
a fresh light on the circumstances
that led up to the devastation of the
mine (buildings and miners' cottages.
Extension is a smoking ruin and
enough damage has been done to the
mine Itself to necessitate huge expenditures, and several weeks' work before the miners could^go back to work
even In the event of a settlement.  .
■Worse than that Is the probability
of a loss of several lives in the mine
One hundred and ■. seventy strikebreakers fled into the tunnel on Wed-
und these inen suffered acutely fro-m
hunger and thirst.
It is barely probable thait'some of
the strike-tbreakers escaped through
vents behind the "hill." The mine has
not -been freed from gas for seventy
hours."  '  *.:. ■•. :" J ■'■'-.'** .'-■
'Colonel Hall's regulars and militia
loft aboard a special on Thursday afternoon for Stark's Crossing. In a
high-powered automobile a World man
reached tbe crossing first and remained to see the "sojer boys" form up In
the road. Putting on speed, the press
car raced ahead and got to Extension
a good hour before the troops arrived.
■Pickets stopped the car and 'warned
tho occupants of their danger. Driving
up to the tunnel as close as It was
■possible to get, the car was stopped
and tho little party walked over to tho
Scenes of Devastation
The tipple, a long line of coal cars,
many of tho 'company's buildings and
the houso of every strikebreaker were
•burned. Llttlo tongues of flame still
'Hcked up tho last embers and the
wheels and axlos of the cars wero
buckled with tho heat.
The entrance to the mine Itself was
a smoking ruin, and heavy charred
itlmbor-3 barred the entrance. Heavy
copper wires, -tho trolley wlros of the
locomotives, lay all about, and tho
fire-wrecked armatures of motors and
dynamos cluttered up the track. Up
on tho hill groups of strikers talked
idly and 'waited for tho coming of the
Down along the track thoro woro no
signs of trouble, and horses cantered
up and down In search of food,
Circling tho llttlo group of bare, un-
painted shacks, Tho World roprosenta-
tlvo wont up to tho tiny hotol and
thero got tlio dotalls of the fight 'botwoon strlkors and strike-breakers on
Wodnosdoy night.
Told of Fierce Night Battle
Standing ln tho doorway of tho hotol a young woman told the story. A
group of strlkors ©wloTSOd her ovory
word and now and thon ft protty little
French woman, hor bluo oyea flashing
undor tho masses of bluo-hlack hair,
nddod ft word.
Tho stttko-ttreakers outnumbered
the strikers In every lHtle fight and
finally many of tho strlkors woro driven out of town. Thoir womon folk
woro Insulted and en Tuesday night
the striking miners were fired upon /
from the ibig hill behind the hotel.
They, ran down the slope .and away
from the town. On their representations a party of 600 of the Nanaimo
miners accompanied them back to Extension. It was these miners who created so much trouble on Wednesday.
Only Fired in the Air
"And my, they did shoot!" said the
landlord's daughter.
"Of 'course you know," she added
•with a laugh, "they never meant to' kill
anybody, and' they didn't. It was a
strikehreaker who shot Alex. Baxter.
"You should have' seen the iboys.
•They fired in the air, and those poor
•strike-breakera, my how they did run.
They took their rifles with them and
crawled up the tunnel and waited
there. Then the boys came hack and
found more strike-breakers hiding in
their shacks. They ran them out of
•town and chased .the Chinese with
' "Then they set every strike-breaker's house cm fire.
Silent Symbols of Victory
"You see these white flags?" she
questioned. "All over the hillside.hung
white .pocket handkerchiefs or sections of. sheets and suspended from a
long pole stuclc out of a window in a
hotel fluttered a nightgown.
lady, "were .put, there to mark the
fights our boys ,wpn. • Some of those
strike-breakers shook red.flags ln our
faces last week, and we, thought we
would have flags,;too.   •.
Then Mine.Caught Fire
i - "Wei), after the *W£ fight, • the mine
caught afire. Don't ask .me to.tell
how, because I don't know, and if I
did I would not go back on anybody,
so there. After a while most of the
Nanaimo -boys went home. It's true
that Passereni lost hl3 store, but the
boys didn't burn It. You can see for
Store Only Empty Shell
The store stood, true enough, but
every article of clothing and food had
been removed. Nothing, not even the
shelves, was left, and the building was
only an ompty shell.
Where Is Passereni
No one, not oven tho llttlo chatterer
at tho hotel, knows where Passereni
is. Ho was woll liked up to a few
days ago, and then ho took a job In
tho mine at -big pay. When the chance
came ■.the,mob took advantage of It
and revenged Itself on the old man,
Arrival of the Troops
The dinner bell tinkled out and Fat
Hop, the only Chinaman in Extension,
smiled a welcome. The dlnnor was
ham and eggs and "ham and—" Is luxurious living in Extension this week.
Out on the porch of the hotel tho
minors gathered. They could see ovor
Cho smoking ruins of the mine (buildings and across to tho othor odge of
the -big ravine a mllo away. Tho mm
flashed on rows of bright moving ob-
loots, the barrols of tho soldiers', guns,
and In a minute the soldiers them-
Bolvos came Into vlow, Thoy woro
haitod and deployed In detachments.
Hearse Horse Now Artillery Charger
Tho Maxim gun, pulled by a horse
wlhlch for years laborod botwoon tho
shafts of n Nanaimo hoarso, wan posted in a commanding position, Tbo militia and tlio regulars workod thoir way
down to thp tipple and along tho track.
Ono company of tho Canadian Oar-
rlson Artillery, led hy Major Wlnaby,
advanood up to the mouth of iho tunnol ltBoW.    Major Wlnsby called for
volunteers to extinguish tho flro, and
a hoso was rigged, but tho wator pro*
■uro waa poor, Thoy put tho smoldor*
Ing mine out, however.
1     Welcomed by Strike Leader
Strlko Leader Murray camo down
from the hill and greeted tho major.
red.        ■   ' 0
And then a peculiar situation occur-
Murray said he felt sure that the
major and the others were welcome.
He tacked this surprising remark by
assigning some of his men to help the
artillery. The second big surprise
came a moment later, when some
strikebreakers waved a white flag
from across the ravine. They wished
to surrender.       <■ "
A tall, lean, down-east Yankee,, a
Pole carrying a small grip, and a nondescript, came into the fold and were
assured of protection. Both strikers
and strike-breakers were glad to see
the uniforms.
Joint Party Explores Mine
Some of the union men secured
safety lamps and accompanied by a
file of artillery, went deep Into the
mine. Other files, with guides, visited
other outlets of the mines and by
eight o'clock twenty-five men, strikebreakers all, were rounded up. These
were brought Into Nanaimo when the
militia and regulars returned.
Colonel Hall insists that no more
men are now in the mine. ' When he
felt sure of this he withdrew his men
and marching down to Stark's Crossing he .put them aboard the train and
returned to Nanaimo.—R. J. H. F. in
Vancouver World.
The Jlngle-pot Mine have conceded
practically all that tbe men asked for,
J. H. Hawthornthwalte representing
the) owners and Frank Farrington the
U. M. W. of A. This mine is owned by
the Vancouver and Nanaimo Coal
Company and employs about 60 men,
The strike-breakers do not- seem &i,
all desirous of. facing the camera and
one journal reports that upon the appearance of the photographer they slid
into the box cars and slammed the
door. They are evidently not desirous
of having a pictorial record of their
faco travelling around the country.
Tbe Victoria "Week," ytolch, in Its
discoveries, surpasses anything that
Prophet Baxter ever concocted, has
this comment on the situation: "But
two facts Btand out clearly; ono ls
that tho strike was fomented and finally Initiated by alien representatives of tho U. M. W. of A„ backed up
by a few local extremists and the Socialists.   Tho othor ."   Perhaps 11
will be as woll to lot it go at that. It
was only recently that tho "Weok"
published some very complimentary
remarks upon the volunteer forces on
the Coast, In the course of which It
was polite enough to deslgnato Socialists' and antlmllltarlsts as cowards,
but it is passing strange 'that it requires as many guns to quell tho rah-
ble as It would to furnish an expedition Into* tho Soudan.
Suavo to the last degree was Hon.
Robert Rogers, federal minister of
public works, when ho received a deputation representing organised labor
at tho Hotel Vancouver yesterday and
rocolved information concerning ,tho
prevailing coal strlko on Vancouvor
Island. Ho did not say that tlio mat-
tor waB ono for tlio minister, of labor
lo paas upon, but doolaroil with a marvellous spontaneity that ho would hoo
what Iio could do to bring about a settlement of tho dlsputo. Tills contemplated action ho Imparted to Mr.
Frank Farrington, personal roprosonl-
atlvo of the president of tho Unltod
Mino Workors of America; President
Foster, district 28, Vancouvor Island;
Mr. J. W. Wilkinson and Mr. J. H. Mc
Vety, secretary and vlco prosldont respectively of tho Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council, Tho doputatlon
was Introduced by Mr. H. H. Slovens,
M. P.—Vancouver Sun.
V*. tit 'mul* iuv un-v^-ii- *C(,.ci i'u«l wu |
have -it* annrrnnrn the 'fl-Miih of -Torm-
than Graham, of Coleman, age SB
yoars, which took place Wednesday
last. :
Deceased waa operated on for appendicitis a few days ago, but the
©■penalon unfortunately Jailed to save
hia life and bo never rallied from the
offeeti of tame,
One of the most popular tradesmen
In Coleman, having conducted the pool
end barber shop for some years, Jonathan wltl be missed not only by a
host oi friends In that town, hut hy
every footballer and lover of sport In
the Fas* to whom hu had endeared
himself by hie frank nnd genial temperament Deceased wee a prominent
footballer, and although advancing
yeart had compelled him to seek a IMS
vigorous remaUtm, be tllll displayed
considerable Interest In the game and
w-3 fwr setae tlac flr.atic'.a! sccrehrr
to thn fl, V. P. League.
The funeral will take place today
(Saturday). There is a widow and
one ehlld of tendor ago to mourn thoir
Last Wednesday was a general outing day for the Sunday Schools of tho
district. The Methodist and Anglican
Sunday School scholars and their
friends were content with a sojourn to
the City Park, where games Were Indulged in and refreshments provided
by several generous friends. The Presbyterian scholars and their Mentis
took a trip to Elko nnd they also spent
a most enjoyable time at this famous
week end Maori. The youngsters and
their parents had a real good time and
the weather waa was BH*t generous
fer the occasion.
ORANDROOK, B. C, Aug. lO.-In a
IB-round middleweight boxing contest
promoted byf Bob Nafe ot Cranbrook,
l.A.'l  L-..-V. v-j^B-**. UsUsi'-ttJ   i»ui.-*vU »u^\il'
vision, Dick Marshall, of Fernie, won
by a knockout In tie eighth round
over Jim McLean o! Bull River. Tho
several hundred who were tn attendance witnessed one of the most evon
and keeinest contests ever held in this
Referee, Cam Lindsay. Timekeeper,
Tom Hedlgan.
Uvannl, Italian and Csnadlsn middleweight champion, wilt box Marshall
within a month. PeoII ef Femle challenges any one cm the pws at 13$
Tho eltlsons of Fernie were given tx
raro treat on Saturday evening last,
whnn .TnmPK ti. Flshfr fnf Vrtwrniitn*
organUcr for the S. P. of ,C, took the
box and addressed a very large and appreciative aiullonce, on Socialism. Mr
Fisher gave a masterly address, speaking In a voluminous tono for over an
hour. It was noticed that the speaker
had amongst his audience repr-awnta-
lives of both the old partloa, Of course
tt would be rather too much to expect
them to become interested in the suh-
Ject of Socialism, recognising how ne-
tfunxf to their Intewmte the capitalist
system and Mr. Robb must he. sllll It
Is pleasing to hsve them listen at all
timet. U was rsiher^ surprising that.
with tht) ntimh*r of hirers, represent-
Inc fl* thnv AlA v*yr\n\*n ttMiAtm r*1 j*.*!*
Ion, moro questions worn not askwl.
Uvidontly they were elthor satisfied
with the speaker's remarks or they
hadn't much to say In defence of their
own parties. Dave Rees Introduced
the speaker with a few brief remarks
..*.***. *,.*v*i, -.t^** .-.i.**■).■*. ..*^ v.*1***.**,. ***> ytt't- -
someone to take the box for either of
tho eld parties, However, as already
stated, vory fow questions were forthcoming,    i
Tho weather conditions woro Ideal,
in fact, unusual for Fernie, snd the
mooting was In every way a huge success.
Mr. Flshfcr addwwwMl Ihe fomrad*s
in their business meeting on Sunday
afternoon. His words were very pointed and forceful,
Mr. Fisher will be sure of a royal
welcome by Socialists and friends
\vkeft hu iu>* * ttiiuu v.».',.
The mayor of Nanaimo does datSJK
pear desirous of having the redpon&s-*
bl'ily for the introduction of tho militia thrust upon him and according to
one report is credited with the following: "As God is my judge, I don't
know know anything about It; I was
at breakfast when I first heard troops
had arrived."
One of the first to he grabbed by the
custodians of law and order (?) was
Joe Naylor, President of the Cumber-,
land Local.
A few Chinese appear to have been
driven out, but the McBride outfit
should have no kick coming at the
miners for this summary handliug.of
the Yellow Peril.
'Manager Stockett, of the Western
Fuel Company, umbrage at tbe sugges-
tion that he meet Frank Farrington,
International Organizer of the U. M.
W. of A., and representing the men's
Interests, Insinuating that the latter Is
an "alien" agitator. It would be interesting to know when Stockett took
out papers of naturalization.
According to the Nelson News 128
men now He In the Provincial Jail at
Nanaimo. There must be more accommodation at Nanaimo than there
is in Fernie. No doubt the 128 are all
strikers, so there Is little 'possibility of
carrying the disturbance into the jail.
The" same paper Is responsible for
the statement that Samuel Guthrie,
President of Nanaimo Local, has also
been arrested. The arrest of William
Stacouse, proprietor of the largest
barber shop, and pool room In Nanaimo, appears to have caused some sensation. .He has evidently been guilty
of the heinous crime of speaking his
mind in support of the strikers.
It is reported that Cunningham, one
of the mine bosses at the Extension,
is missing. There is no doubj:, however, that, like the defunct six killed
In the telegraphic message dispatch of
last -week, he will eventually be found
or resurrected.
Non-union men at Extension Mine
are mostly foreigners and it is believed that,the police have secured from
among them the man who shot Alex.
Baxter.        •
The Colonist is full of doughty
deeds performed by the gallant militia
in quelling the rioters and restoring
law and order. There are about 2,500
striking mine workers in the disturbed
area but it requires nearly i.QOO troops
"and "machine guns, to overawe them.
This does not seem enough and -would
suggest that tho Kootenay Rifles ,be
reorganized to assist in the noble
work of 'perpetuating Chinese Labor
for the benefit of operators on tho Island.
'.This is one that the eloquent Bowser got off hlB ohest to the Colonist
representative—of course:
"It Is tho business of tho police to
preserve law and order, and iwe are going to do It at Nanaimo and the other
affected places, If we havo to call out
every militiaman In tho country, I
hope that such a courso will not be
absolutely necessary. I hopo, in fact,
that wiser judgments will prevail than
have horotofore governed tho actions
of tho strikers, and that peace will bo
established without further bloodshed.
I say that Is what I hopo, but lot It bo
remembered that I am prepared for
the other thing."
It Is a pity that a little wiser Judgment has not prevailed with tho Bow-
Bor-McBrido clan. If these .gentry
bad hnd sufficient eourngo to Insist
that tho operators carry out tho loiter
nnd spirit of tho Coal Mines Regulation Act thoro would bo no disturb-
an co* to quell on tho island.* In tho
Inst sentence of his remark this Pock-
sniff Ian humbug threatens thnt ho'Is
prepared for "other things." It Is to
bo hoped tlmt tho working class will
hand out Iho "other things" at tho
noxt election. If thoy do not thon anything Mr. Bowser can "put across'
thoy deserve,
The following Is a quotation from a
Coast publication which Is Intended to
convoy an Idea of the Woodshed and
rapine, In fact tho Hell, that was lot
Iooho nt Kxtonslon, Wednesday of last
"Wednosdny was a dny of terrible
momory In Extension. The battle ho-
twoon /strikers and strike-breakers
was a frightful one. Thero Is no explanation of how It started, for only
tho union men who nro out romnln to
toll the talo, Tho strike-breakers, nfter their dofoat, escaped to tho hills
nnd tho bush and scattered ovor a
wide - area. Only two have appeared
so far, Ono, an Italian named Fern-
nnl.who ran a store In Kxtonslon, was
frightened out of hia wits. Of his
storo hardly tx log romalned on the top
of nnothor. Uottlos and cans, wood
and timber nro strewed on every sido
nnd only n pile of nshos shows where
onco he pllod his trade, The mllltln
nro scattered ovor tho countryHMn
scouring for the refugees, most of
whom aro starving Thoy will ho
fflven mllllnrv iprotcrtlnn nnd tntmn
away from danger of attack by the
strikers and tliu strikers look on Huh
as their victory." We have heard of
these terrible conflicts before.
The International Geological congress party arrived ■ here by special
train over the Canadian Pacific railway on Tuesday afternoon and was
mot by Mayor Gates, W. R. Wilson,
general manager of the Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Company; A. B. Trites, R.
M. Young and others. The party was
taken to Coal Creek mines and the
afternoon spent in Inspecting the
■They were entertainod to a smoker
in Victoria Hall In the evening, whero
an address of welcome was given by
Mayor Gates, who afterward called
upon Dr. R. JI. Brock, president of the
Canadian Geological Society, to occupy the chair.
After the opening address Prof. Dr.
B. Garrlsh, Hamburg,' Germany,
spoke, mentioning the great pleasure
it gave his colleagues and himself to
come among^them. Mr. S. J. Schofield.
of the Geological Survey, Ottawa, followed with an interesting lecture on
the history of the Rocky Mountains.
Mr. Schofield has Bpent a considerable
time in this part of the country and is
thoroughly acquainted with the geology and topography of the country.
The German Choral Quartett gave
two selections in thoir native tongue.
T. Show, Hosmer, A. Prentice, F. 'Martin and Professor Zaccaro contributed items vocal and instrumental towards the evening's entertainment.
iW. R. Wilson, general manager of
the C. N. P. Coal Co., in response to
an invitation, addressed the meeting
upon the necessity of geological study
In connection with coal mining, pointing out the varying geological conditions with which a mine manager had
to contend in extracting coal from the
mountains. Alter further acquaintance with, refreshments the party,
headed by the^pipes, marched through
the town to their train. The party
left on (board their special train at 4.15
.The ladles of the -party were entertained in the afternoon at the home of
Mrs. Corsan and In the evening at
the home of Mrs. John Rogers. All
arrangements were under the direction of the Fernie Board of fTraide.
The iparty wero entertained at the
Frank -Sanitorlum on Monday evening
to a supper and smoking concert, Mr.
O. E. Whiteside, general manager of
the International Coal and Coke Co.,
Coleman, presiding, and being supported toy J. Brown, general manager
of Hillcrest Coll'^rlc.-*., Mr. McKlvvln
being supported by Messrs. McKlwIn,
Mnynard, Green, Jr., R, McDonald and
Williams of the Wost Canadian Collieries, Ltd., also Mr. Barnes of tho
Davenport Coal Company. The company, comprising about 120, spent a
most enjoyable ovonlng. Several
speeches wero delivered by the for-
elgn-spoaklng 'members of tho party
and Mr. S. J. Brock of Ottawa,
Mr, A. •MncNeil, of Fornlo, wus In
Nelson. Inst -week In connection with
sovoral*Important workmen's compensation cases, tho principal of which
was McShane vs. Now Canadian Motnl
Company. McShano was killed at Rl-
ondcl on April 2nd, 1012, holng Buffo-
cntod In ono of tho raises ot tho Bluebell Mine. No ono saw how or when
hn came by his death. The case established somo Important principles as
io what luforonco of fact may bo
drawn by tho judge when there Is no
direct ovldonco as to cause ot death.
Tlio deponduii.tH of. docunsod reside lu
Ireland and their evidence was taken
under commission In that country last
Mr. MncNeil wan uIho In;'consultation with -President CiithhuftBoii, Sec-
rotary Shlllnnd, and tho Kxocutlve
Hoard of the W. F. of M. concerning
othor lltlgoiiH matter,
JHI'TBRHQN, 0„ Aug. Ifl.—A ro-
mnrkablo grave stone was placed In
the cemetery here today. It etanda nt
the bond of tho grave of J, A. Howollu,
veteran editor of the Ashtabula Sentinel, who died hero reeently. It con-
itlBta of the "make-up" tttone used hy
Mr, Howollu for fifty years, during Wa
career an printer and (illtor. On It
Is Inscribed tho following verso, writ-
UU     tl.
*\ ill,...ii     ,<i.i,i     liwrniilit,     111*1
1\ tirolVfT (if Ihe dfj'id in an1
" HAuuYON, II. C, Aug. 17,—W. Fernlo and B, Ilray, of Victoria, arrived
en Thursday for a short stay, Mr.
Fernie, who discovered, locntwl nnd
developed the Crows Nest pass coal
mines, talks Interestingly of pioneer
day* In the Kootitnay. When a young
man of 34 he made his first trip up J
tho Columbia vlv.-.r from Colvlltu, In s
Docemljer, MOI, with a party of pros-
fiectordl Thoy built n shack and wintered a little below where Revelstoke
now Is. The winter wa» very severe
and prolonged and tn the spring of
18*52 the river was frozen from Aa-
teria up.
"Stone, upon which, with hands of
boy and man,
Ho framed tho history of his time until,
Woe** alter imhsa, ine "varying won!
To its linlf-centurled talo of well and
H«>m«nili(!r, now, how truo through
nil those days
Ho  wna ~ frl*r*nd.  brother, husband,
Fill the whole limit of your apaco
Td'h i*r.il;i«\
Tht-ro ««>ili» no room for blame—
blame there was none."
Tht* boyhood of William Dean
Ilowolla wan »p*ant In the offlro of Tho
Sentinel. Th* *Ww ef William IVan
and J. A. Howella wa* alitor of lh<»
paper. ' PAGE TWO
Little Readings
on Socialism
Revolution and the General Strike
The bourgeois revolution was accomplished by federations that drew
closer and closer together with Paris
ns a central bond. Every great revolution presupposes an exaltation o£
'life, ancl tliis exaltation is ouly possible when there is that consciousness
o'f. a vast unity produced by the ardent
intercommunication of strength and
enthusiasm. And the proletariat will
accomplish its revolution by the organization, both in the political and
economic world, of strong class representation and class action, which will
penetrate and bind together all phases
of tlieir life. Division is a return to
feudalism. The stoppage of transportation proposed by the supporter",
of the general strike would force society to revert to the conditions of an
inferior civilization. We should see
isolated groups gathered passively
about the oligarchical owners and dependent on them for their supply of
the 'accumulated means of subsistence. The rich would be temporary
kings, social chiefs and feudal lords
dn many country districts and small
towns. And little by little,'all these
small sovereignties and tiny oligarchies would co-ordinate their strength
ilo surround' and crush the motionless
and shame-faced ' revolution, that
think to deprive the government of
all means of communication, would
■have succeeded only .In 'isolating and
breaking up its own forces.
It is, then, perfectly chimerical to
hope that the revolutionary tactics, of
a general strike would enable even a
bold, self-conscious and active proletarian minority to quicken the march
of events by force. No trick,, n'o machinery of surprise, can free Socialism from tho necessity of winning
over the majority of the nation by
•propaganda and lea;al methods.
Does this mean that the idea of a
general strike is useless, that, it is a
7iegligible quantity in -the vast social
m'ovement? Not for a moment. In
the first place, I hove already shown
under what conditions and in what
form it could hasten social evolution
and the advancement of the cause of
labor. In the second place, that, such
nn idea could have appealed to any
class as a possible means of liberation
ought to he a terrible and decisive
warning to society. What! the working class is the main supporter of the
whole social order: it is the creator,
the producer: If it stops, then everything stops. And one might speak of
it in the 'm'agnifJicent phrase tliat
Mirabeau, the first prophet of the general strike, used in the Third Estate,
still united then as workmen and
bourgeois. "Take care," he cried to
the privileged classes, "do not irritate this people, that produces every-
"itfflng, -ancTlhat,  to make itself formidable has only to become m'otion-*
The owning and governing class has
as yet learned to surrender too small
a part of real power to thin proletariat, the possessor of such formidable negative force, which at any
moment it may be tempted to use.
Tlie owners have given, or rather
they liave allowed the working class
to retain; so small a measure of confidence in the efficacy of legal evolution,' that this class is fascinated more
and more by tlie idea of refusing to
work at all. Labor dreaming of refusing its service, the heart meditating
stopping; tliat is the profound internal
crisis to which we have-been brought
by the selfishness and blindness of the
privileged classes, the absence of any
definite plan of action on our part.
Toward this abyss of a revolutionary
general strike the proletariat as feeling itself more and more drawn, at the
risk of ruining itself should it fall
over, but dragging down with it for
years to come either tlie wealth or the
security of the national life:
The general strike, quite powerless
as a revolutionary method, is none
the less in its very idea a revolutionary index of the highest importance.
It is a prodigious warning to the privileged classes, rather than a means of
liberation for the exploited classes.
It is a dull menace an the very heart
of capitalist, society, even if it comes
to nothing in the end but an impotent
outburst, is witness to an organic disorder that can only be healed by a
great transformation.
Finally, if the governing class were
mad enough to lay hands' on the poor
liberties that have been won, the
wretchedly insufficient means of action of the proletariat, if they threatened or attacked universal suffrage, if
by the persecution of employers and
the police they made the right to unite
in trade unions and the right1 to strike
empty forms, then a violent general
strike would be certainly the form
that a labor revolt would take. It
would be their final desperate resource, more as a means of injuring
tne enemy than of saving themselves.
But the working class would be the
dupe of a fatal illusion and a sort of
unhealthy obsession, if it mistook
what can bo only the tactics of despair for a method of revolution.
Apart from those convulsive upheavals that escape all forecast and aro
sometimes the final supreme resource
of history brought to bay, there is
only one sovereign method for Socialism: the conquest of a legal majority.
By Dr. Howard A. Gibbs
In the Old World the class lines are
clear and distinct. Here in America
they are somewhat obscured by the
fact that we have a 'large class of
small 'manufacturers, traders and far-
mers, who combine the functions of
capitalist and worker, but even here
Uie lines of demarcation are being
clearly drawn by the irresistible logic
of events. The small manufacturer
becomes a clerk in a corporation; the
small trader .becomes a floor walker
in a department store; the' owning
farmer becomes a tenant farmer, and
thus every day the class lines are becoming more distinct.
This division with economic extremes was clearly, impressed upon
my mind by a scene which I witnessed
in the streets of Boston a .few years
since. It was after a heavy snowstorm, and the street railway company
had advertised for 200 men to shovel
snow. Long before the doors of the
barn were open in the .morning, the
street was blocked by a crowd of men,
estimated at 1,000. The superintendent, tried at first to give out the shovels on the principle of "First come,
first served," but failing in this, he
throw them into the street and allowed the men to scramble for them.
Then followed such a scene as I have
never witnessed 'berore or since.
These men fought one another like
hungry tigers. The shovels were used
as weapons. Blows were given and
blood flowed, until a detachmeu of police put In an appearance and scattered •the"' crowd.
There I saw portrayed before me, as
by a flashlight, the two extremes of
our economic system. On the one
hand, I saw a man controlling a vast
aggregation of wealth under the name
of a corporation. That corporation had
been granted a franchise in the streets
of Boston ovlthout a dollar of compensation to the municipality. It had paid
a 7 per cent, dividend on a capital
stock which had ibeen watered' out of
all semblance to its actual value. It
had laid its corrupting hand upon the
city govem'ment and State government, openly boasting that no man
could be elected President of the
State Senate unless he would do its
bidding. This was what I saw on one
hand. On the other hand, I saw a
thousand men, men endowed, so our
forefathers said, -with a right to the
pursuits of life, liberty and happiness.
But there, in the streets of Boston, under the very eaves of Faneuil Hall, under the very shadow of Bunker Hill,
struggling like a pack.-.of wild beasts
for what: Struggling for something
which is tho God-given heritage of-every human 'being on the' Footstool,
struggling for something which ought
to be as free to every man as the very
air he breathes, struggling for the
right to work, struggling for an opportunity to earn an honest living by an
honest day's toil. Back of these struggling men I saw cold aud cheerless
homes. I saw wan-faced wives and
children whose bodies bore the pinch-
marks of hunger. There are times
when a man lives a great deal in a
very few moments. That was one of
those .times for me. I turned from that
scene registering * the solemn vow in
my heart, as Abraham Lincoln did
when he saw for the first time a slave
sold on the auction block, and he said
within himself, "If I ever get a chance
to hit that damna-ble thing, I'll hit it
The inevitable class division and
ago Karl Marx laid down his famous
axiom—"The history of all society is
the history of class strife." Socialists,
however, did not create this struggle
any more than Newton set the earth
in motion * when he proclaimed the
law of gravitation. The capitalist class
did not create it No one class is responsible fer at' It, is the expression
of irresistible economic forces. It has
characterized every historic period.
It underlies all social progress. The
presence of this class struggle is recognized by many of our best thinkers
who have never heard of Karl Marx,
or at -least never sympathized with the
Socialist movement. — Socialism the
Basis of Universal Peace.
The growth of the Socialist movement
is its highest expression, but every
strike, every boycott, every hcko^.
•proclaims its existence.   A generation
For the big miners' field day that is
to be held at Knoxville, Tenn., September 20th, in connection with.the
National Conservation Exposition over
30 picked teams from the Southern
coal fields have 'been entered and are
now receiving instruction at the
hands of employes of the U. S. Bureau
of Mines. The field day will be held
under the auspices of the Tennessee
Mine Foreman's Association, assisted
by the American Mine Safety Association and the American Red Cross Society.
Fifteen thousand miners from, Tennessee, Alabaima, Virginia, West Virginia, and Kentucky are expected to
be in Knoxville for the day.
For the miners' field day the Bureau
of Mines has agreed to ship from the
experimental station at Pittsburgh the
big steel 'demonstration tube. This
tube will be set up on the grounds of
the National Conservation Exposition
Co. and in it there will be pulled off
an explosion to demonstrate that coal
dust under certain conditions is explosive, a menace to property and to human life.
■Following the explosion there will
be a series of first aid and rescue contests in which the specially trained
teams will participate. For the win-
ners of these events valuable prizes
-will be offered. These prizes come
from the Tennessee Mine Foremen's
Association, from the American Mine
Safety Association, from the Red
Cross, from private individuals and
from dealers in mine supplies and accessories. The prizes will consist of
•cash awards, medals ancl rcino safety-
Miss Mabel Boardman, president of
the Red Cross, will be in Knoxville
for miners' day and so also, in all
probability, will Dr. Joseph A. Holmes,
director of the Bureau of Mines. Dr.
Holmes is a member of the National
Advisory Board of the Exposition.
Following are some of the companies in the South whose employes have
entered teams for Miners' Day: Darby CM Co., Darbyville, Va.; Red Ash
Coal Co., Caryville, Tenn.; Virginia-
Lee Co:, St. Charles, Va.; Consolidation Coal Co., Jenkins, Ky.; La Fol-
Tenn.; Continental Coal Co., Pineville,
Ky.; Black Diamond Coal Co., Cc-al
Creek, Tenn.; ancl Stearns Coal Co.,
Stearns, Ky.
Let us Build
By  Eugene V.  Debs
We have heard and still hear a
great deal about "the reds" and "the
yellows" in the Socialist party. I
know a good many of botli, and so far
as I am able to discern, they are very
much alike. The actual difference be-.
tween them, -were it fire, would hard-
ly be enough td light a cigarette.
We are all Socialists. We stand
for the same thing. Are we to be forever divided into angry factions and
spend a large -part of our time and energy in making faces and calling one
another "reds" and "yellows" in contempt and derision?
A vast amount -of good energy is
turned into bad blood over things that
either a-mbunt to nothing at all or that
are beyond the range of academic discussion. The matter of sabotage is a
case in point.
The weapons and the tactics of the
workers in the daily struggle, the
hand-to-hand fight on the industrial
field, will be determined from^ time to
time in the progress of the struggle itself, and the question of sabotage-—
which, by the way, has absolutely
nothing new about It except Its name
—can be safely left to the workers engaged in the struggle on that field.
The Socialist party is a political par-
t», and It is not its business to decide
what weapons the woikers shall
choose, or what tactics they shall employ, ln their struggle on.the economic field.
In the Idle discussion which has
heen devoted to syndicalism, direct
acti'on, sabotage, etc., enough energy
has been wasted to double our party
membership and quadruple the power
of our -press.
Let us now unite our efforts to
build the party and make it strong for
the great work there is before it.
If -we m'eaai to destroy capitalism,
we must devlop the power of our
class, and we can only do that through
the class-conscious unity and the energetic and harmonious co-oporatioh
of our forces.
The Socialist party has undoubtedly its weaknesses, but these will not
bo 'remedied if we spend most of our
time vainly lamenting or searching
each other for further weaknesses to
absolve us from our party duty and
make our despair complete.
. We have travelled with the' Socialist
party- these sixteen years past, and
with all that may be justly charged
against it, it is today beyond question
the most vital force in the class struggle of the United States.
Wliat we need abovo everything
else'at present is "a'period of united
and energetic party building. Too
many of our locals are weak and nonprogressive for the want of the active
support that loyal members should
give them. Most of our papers and
periodicals are in the same condition-
for the same reason.
and as long as we are agreed on fundamental principles and the final goal,
we can safely concede to one another
the limits of toleration :in the discus
sion of our conflicting opinions and in
carrying forward our diversified opin-
The Socialist party, it should be remembered, is a political -party, and
there is room enough in it for every
one who subscribes to its principles
and upholds them in good faith, but
there is no room in it for those who
either openly sneer at political action
or who avow it falsely to mask their
treachery while they curry on tlieir
work of disruption.
liie Socialist pariy, if it is to fulfill
its mission, must ever be the revolutionary party; of the working class, rigidly uncompromising so far as its
principles are concerned, true to the
interests of the workers in every
phase of the struggle, clean and above-
board in all Its methods, and It must
preserve 'its character aiid integrity
inviolate ibefore the world. It must
avoid alike political opportunism and
industrial anarchism and steer
straight ahead if it is to safely reach
its destined -port.
.Let us have a period of united, energetic, enthusiastic party building
and press building throughout the
country! The party needs' it, and we
need it, and it will be to the1 Infinite
good of both. It will mean new
strength and fresh Inspiration for us
It Is only when we unite and work
together in the true spirit of Socialism
that we can do the (best and overcome
the worst there is in us.
The national party is in debt, and
its activities are seriously impaired
for the want of funds. Let us pay off
•this debt, replenish the treasury, and
set the party machinery going at fufl
Let us build! Build ourselves and
each other In the building of the party.—Party Builder.
The miners who have 'been involved
in a strike in Michigan will have time
to think over the mistakes of the .past.
In fact, the strike in Michigan will furnish valuable lessons to the whole
working class of a continent. From
the very beginning of the strike, it
was very apparent that all the functions . of government were arrayed
against the strikers. The men who
labor with their hands have allowed
themselves to be hypnotized by the
magic eloquence of political spell-binders, whose verbal opiates administered
from a political rostrum have closed
the eyes of the -majority of the working class to the brutal struggle between profits and human rights.'
The mine operators of the copper
district of Michigan knew that they
controlled the functions of government. They knew that the police
•force, the sheriff's office and the state
and instructions, and knowing that
the armed forces of government would
foe "behind them in every emergency,
caused them to look upon the strikers
with less- consideration than is gener- "
ally, conceded to the brute creation.
The mine operators declared from the
very first moment of the strike, that
they would absolutely refuse to recognize the Western Federation of Miners, thus demonstrating that they denied the right of labor to come together for mutual advancement or self protection. In fact the mine operators
even refused to give the slightest consideration . to the grievances of the
miners that .were presented in writing,
but treated each and every document
with insolent contempt.   ,
The miners cannot be held responsible for the strike. The miners did
everything-"within their power to. avert
a conflict, and after .exhausting every
effort to win recognition from the
mine owners and have their grievanc- -
es considered and having failed to receive the slightost consideration, there
was but one honorable course to pursue, and that was, to drop tlieir tools
and declare a strike against the copper despots of Michigan.
Had the miners control of the functions of government, had the miners
elected representatives of their class
in all the public offices of the copper
camps of Michigan, did they control
the sheriff's office, and had the laboring people of the state elected a governor whose class interests were
bound up with toiling humanity, there
'would be a different story to write of
the attitude of the mining magnates
who are blind to justice and heartless
to the' needs of laboring humanity.
"The strikes and lockouts of labor,
the injunctions of courts that make a
mockery of legal rights, the club of
the thug and the bayonet of the soldier, all arrayed against the'victims
of exploitation, should cause the millions of workers in • this country, to
reach the conclusion, that it is about
time for labor to cast a class-conscious
ballot and wipe, out the system that
degrades man and deifies the dollar.
About six weeks ago the Scandinavian Socialist Federation organized
•a branch in Monessen, Pa. All the
members worked in the same factory, ,
and among them was also a spy who
soon informed tho superintendent
about what had happened. When the
comrades appeared at their work the
next .morning they were told to either
quit their job or the Socialist parly.
The result was that the branch dis-
ibanded. The Scandinavian Socialist
Federation has now accepted thi-f^
challenge and has decided to wage an
active -campaign in Monessen. Special editorial's about this affair and *
the -working, conditions in Monessen
will be written in their papers and dis- ■
tributed all over town. This will continue for some weeks and the members from Homestead, Braddock and
McKeesport will take care of the distribution. When the public has been-
thoroughly Informed about the situa-1
tion, a -pseaker will be sent to Monessen with instructions to remain there
uStil~a~braiicli_is reorganized.   Word"
has been received to the effect that
tho   Allegheny   county   organization
will .participate and help to clean Monessen from spies for all time.
Think  what you have paid in rent and remember it is not too late to start right now.     Fernie property does not boom,
but prices keep steadily rising.      You will be making a sound investment, as all these properties are grand renting propo
Have Your Own Home - - Don't  Rent!
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Will secure a Five-Roomed Houso on Lots 0 and 7, Block 48. $1,000
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Three Modern Cottages
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$500 Cash
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investment,   Price $2,000; Terms! Cash $500, balanco over 4 years.
$300 for Lot on Victoria Ave.
Situated on Block 40, facing the Main Street, dash $300. Terms to
suit purchaser.
$1QO Cash
Will secure tho choapest house proposition in Fernie. Six-Roomed
Houso on West half of Lot 8, Block 54. Water and sower connections, A snap at $800 cash. Torms: $100 cash, balance in reasonable
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Four-Roomed Cottage with anothor dwelling not completed. Price
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. ______ _____ _r _
There   are   practically   no   Empty   Houses   in   Fernie   Today
and you need haye no fear about renting any of these properties.   You can buy any of them at a nominal rental in from
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jyg b jf^m .rV#%0.. I 1^8 EL im j
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pgpi^lg^ B. C.
*J *     /     t'
. Established April 1899
Wholesale  and Retail   TohaCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
Great Northern
Train for south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern u.nd southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and Chicago without change.
Connection with all lake and Atlantic steamship lines. c
PHONE 161. BOX 305.
Over McLean's Drug Store
Our new Suitings are here. Splendid wearers,
handsome tweeds and worsteds. Drop in and
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Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Ladles' Fancy Garments a Specialty,.   Feathers,
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Out-of-town work attended to promptly
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Phones—Special Rates by the month
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Win Out Against
By J. H. Walker.
McALESTER, Olda., Aug. 16.—The
miners of Oklahoma  have 'just concluded one of the most .bitterly and
skilfully fought contests that has ever
heen fought in the annals of the -coal
industry of America.   On the one, side
was Oie Southwestern Interstate Coal
Operators' Association; the McAlester
Fuel   Company,   which is themselves
under another name and which only
exists that they might sell themselves
their own coal at a goodly profit before it is sold to the retail dealer; and
the Tetail coal   dealers', association,
which is themselves again, and where
again they charge themselves a good,
stiff .profit selling their own coal to
themselves before they sell it to tlie
consumer and as they are also tlie
railroad corporations, they can and do
block out competition from all outside
sources ancl compel the consumers of
■coal to pay the price.  Among the largest of the railroad corporations arrayed against the miners in this struggle
were the scab-loving, labor-crushing,
union-hating Santa Fe, tho Rock Island, 'Frisco and M., K. & T. systems,
backed up by the Colorado Fuel and
Iron Company of Roosevelt fame, and
which is only another name for tho
United States steel trust.   All of these
concerns with all the power that a
combination   of   these   corporations
would mean, as well as the banking
interests  and  every other influence
•they could compel or obtain by their
other well-known rotten and notorious
methods.  And on the other side stood
the coal miners' union, the rest of the
labor mov-ement, what was left of the
farmers u'nion,and tne Socialist party.    On one  side  stood an array of
practically all of the corporation interests of the Southwest, backed up by
billions of dollars  managed   by   the
, best-trained,       best-educated       and
shrewdest men that money could buy,
absolutely  without  a heart or  conscience, ipast-masters in political intrigue, otherwise the modern method
of appealing to  professional  statesmen, some crude and primitive minds
call >it   debauching   and   corrupting
legislators, bribing them, buying them
outright for cash, making traitors out
of tlie men elected by the people 'to
represent them in making laws and
then  using them   as  their   hireling
tools.   On the other hand a small organization of working men who earn
■tlieir bread in the sweat of their face,
whose only asset was their knowledge
that they were right, and their faith
in their countrymen; their belief that
if they could reach the common people with tiie truth that the plain Am-
in their position. Every known method
of deceiving the public has been resorted to 'by the interests, every rotten political trick has been used by
their dirty, cheap lap dogs to misrepresent the .miners' cause, the miners
themselves and their representatives.
At the same time adopting (the all
'righteousness)   the  holler than thou
attitude that has been adopted by all
the cruclflers and oppressors of humanity from the time they crucified
Christ until the present.   Their real
purpose, as every observer knows, was
to crush out the existence of their
competitors which they could not con-
trol and who would rather pay living
wages and give humane conditions of
employment to the tollers of the mines
than to drlvo them llko beasts.   Also
■above all things ffliey Intended to put
tho miners' union forever out of the
Southwest, then when they had accomplished their ends they could absolutely rule the miners and their family lives in their every phase and having a complete monopoly of the mines
and control of competition " through
their ownership of the railroads
charge the consumers of coal any
price tbey cared to name. There is
no question In the minds of those who
know of the relationship between the
big financial interests and the corrupt
political Judases of the country, who
have been watching the significance
of, the things that have been done
here, but that with a few exceptions
an entire State government, legislature, and senate have been purchased
outright baldly for cash.,
Hundreds of thousands of dollars
were spent by the corporations. I,
myself, saw a duplicate letter of one
concern sending one-fourth of its last
assessment which would amount to
about $3,000 to one company alone.
There were over thirty companies and
this was only one of tlie many assessments. To accomplish this foul conspiracy and fasten Uie fangs of this
bunch of modern cannibals even deeper into the vitals of the peoplo of our
country than thoy are at present. If
that were possible. The effect of Uie
Jaw would have been to- immediately
.put out of business over 50 per cent,
of the independent coal operators, and
as a result put out of work at least 25
per cent, of the coal miners in Oklahoma. At the sainc time increasing
the work of Uie rest of the coal miners
at least 100 per cent, for the same
amount of cpal dug, and under the
present competitive system no possibility of an increase in pay. In other
words it was equivalent to a 50 per
cent, ^reduction in wages for 75 per
cent, of the coal miners in Oklahoma
and put the other 25 per cent, out of
work altogether.
■President   Stewart   and   Secretary
Holt, acting with the authority and
consent   of   the   district   executive
board, have directed the "campaign for
the miners.   They have made a magnificent fight in the face of the overwhelming odds, and at times under the
most discouraging circumstances.   No
one can begin to give them credit for
what they have actually done who has
not been clothed with responsibility
and has been tlirouh an experience of
this kind.   It tries men's souls.   The
farmers of Oklahoma and other working peo.ple responded nobly and 'their
efforts have resulted in success. They
have won a victory for the workers of
Oklahoma, the importance of which
cannot be overestimated, and they de-
-seiive-th e-ki: nd! y-sy-m pat!) y-o f-no t-on! y-
every member   of  the   United   Mine
Workers  of America   in   Oklahoma,
who were dire- 4,y affected, but they
and all other whose work contributed
toward that success are entitled to the
gratitude of every toiler of our country for their contribution to the cause
of justice.  At the same time it is well
to remember that money or time cuts
no figure "with the big corporations of
our time in their efforts to accomplish
tlieir  ends.    If they fail today they
come back stronger tomorrow and we
must either get the other miners working for these combines organized or
they will continue to hold us down and
keep up the fight until they destroy
us as an organization hore.   We cannot stand still, we must either make
progress or retrograde; it 'is up to us
to decide which It will be,~U. M. W.
of A. Journal.
dren attend? What would Socialists
do to improve them if they were elected?
How is the business of your city or
town conducted? How, many men or
womeu have you in your. Socialist local who could step in and run one of
these offices?
What interests control your local
press? Have you ever exposed these
in your meetings?
What evenings do the unions meet,
and where? Have you found out what
they are trying to get and how the Socialist party can help them?
A discussion on these subjects at
the next meeting will do more good
than a hundred fervid speeches oil the
battles^ being waged in some distant
state.—Party Biuldcr.
its demise. The milk had been given
its creamy appearance with a fair admixture of chalk.
The fourth fly grieved intensely
over the sad misfortunes that had beset his comrades. Said he to himself:
•' 'Tis best that I should commit suicide and quit myself of this world of
misery. I will meet my friends in an
other world." So he pounced //down
upon a piece of paper labelled "pois
on." He sucked the edges of the pa
per greedily, but was not affected for
the worst in the least. To the contrary, lie became both robust and fat.
The fly-paper had also been adulterated.—The Wasp (Norway).
Why Shouldn't
You Feel Good?
By Frank J, Hayes
DENVER, Colo., Aug. 1C—For many
years the coal miners of southern Colorado have been contending for the
right to belong to the* United .Aline
Workers of America. In this age of
organization of both capital and labor
it is a right that cannot long be denied
Moro than 400,000 mine workers are
members of the mine workers' organization, and it is a matter of pride to
us that approximately 125,000 new
members have been added to our
ranks during the past year. The coal
operators of the country, at least the
great majority of them, realize that
our union is a business institution and
that the trade agreement which we
advocate is the best' method yet devised for the settlement of labor disputes. The great majority of thc coal
operators of the country recognize this
fact and make contracts with our or-'
ganization. Wherever the trade agreement is firmly established industrial
peace and security to both employer
and employe is attained. It is the enlightened way, the sensible way, to
■promote an industry in which the
whole nation is vitally interested: It
is the -way in which we desire to settle our present differences in Colorado. If a strike occurs the responsibility will not be ours but it shall rest
upon those who refuse to recognize
the rights and principles that are sacred to every real American.
The mine workers of Colorado propose to be fair with their employers
and -fet at the same time they want
tlieir employers to be fair with them.
We believe we can fully demonstrate
the fairness and justice of our position, and with that end in view we are
■desirous of meeting the coal operators
of Colorado in joint conference. We
want it clearly understood by both the
operators and the general public that
our purpose here is not to foment
strife but to prevent it, if possible)
and to, fairly adjust without further delay the questions that divide us. The
■mine workers of southern Colorado
have been appealing to us for the past
Dr. Kirk Cos, the Liberal democratic member of the Holland Chamber cf
Deputies, who attempted to form a
cabinet by the aid of the Socialists,
failed of his purpose because the Socialist party would not agree to forego
its privilege of opposing the government's policies. Queen Wilhelmina
has now entrusted r. W. A. Cort Van
der Linden, a Councillor of State and
former Minister of Justice, with forming a cabinet outside parliamentary
Oar supplied with   the   best .Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
Too many of us OVERLOOK health
happiness in this world.
We grow careless about the MINOR
ills of lifo and rarely experience the
JOY of living
Tho average man or woman cannot
conscientiously say that he or she
f«els FIT and WELL every day in
the year. Modern methods of living
are against good health—and render
us peculiarly susceptible to Indigestion, Dyspepsia,  ahd Biliousness.
Our stomachs are always bothering
us. We grow accustomed to feeling
■A-retched—but not sufficiently wretched to bother tlio doctor.
But there IS a cure for this wretched feeling-. Take Id drops of Mother RelgiTs Curative .Syrup. Th!«
great English remedy l.ring.s QUICK
roller  lo   tlio  disordered   Momacli.
It restores the digestive organs to
normal action and U..ep.s them ln a
healthy condition. It U almost purely
ticrhal—Nature's own remedy for sick
Get Mother Seigel's Curativo Syrup.
Take it regularly— tli-11 note the Improvement In your heaith.
Price  $1.00.      Trial   size,   30c.
For Sale by
The question is asked. We
answered: "Look around you
and see.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing	
Are you alive to the situation?   If you are we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit oh.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses    Here
Dirt Cheap.
American Plan Rates
$2.00 por Day
The Mamalukes
wore tho FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because thoy are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all tho tlmo at
Thomson St Morrison
Funeral Directors Fertile, B.
Locnl Agents
Orders taken throughout the Pass
"Coal cannot ho produced with Winchesters, nor hauled to market ih automobiles."
So said ono observer in Colorndo.
But the operators of tho southern
Colorado field, and some In northern
Colorado, continue to employ an army
of gunmen; furnish expenslvo auto-
.mobiles for thoir ready transportation,
and evidently consider this exponae as
ono necessary in Uio production of
Also, iln southern Colorado especially, they -have lent tliolr every aid to
tho upbuilding of a political machine,
with tho samo object In vlow, that tho
coal companies might havo the power
of tho local government officials bo-
hind .thorn ln thoir attempts to pro-
vent their employes from organizing
and •thereby placing themselves In a
position to demand bettor worklrfg
conditions -nml lilio rights of froo citizens, which thoy havo so long been denied.
Political atlvontiircr» and notorious
gunmen, somo of tho latter looal
■tough*, others Imported, havo long
waxed fat on tho presumption of the
coal companies that coercion and tor-
rorlam woro tho only methods by
'Which tho moBt efficient labor could
bo obtained nt tlio least expense.
What result* thoy havo attained
themselves best know, but any unprejudiced observer who Una had tho opportunity to compare conditions lu
those fields with those that obtain bo-
fi'^-in Tr\l*n'* ow"nn*»«» 5«ii*[ tv-It'.'": "*'C"."!f.era
would naturally wonder thnt nny fmml
business man would prefer to submit
to the extortions of theso political
prostitutes and tough nevcrworks rather than grant to tho nieii, whoso productive labor glvoti value lo their hold-
,  .*.!,. It *   t
->.-.*tn'',     V,->ri.'*.'*.wu-M.     i.li.i.:     -.tw*,*vt     ■ittitt.t*'
their hearty «o*operatloa without any
In ancient Egypt n decadent dynns-
ty, unable to bold their slave* in subjection by what power they could mus-
ter ot thoir own people, chose from
among tho slaved tlw fiercest and
most powerful; armed thcee, and set
thorn in t*rrorl*o thn mor** <for|f?, nnd!
also as apodal guards and protectors
of tho ruling clause*. Theso woro call-
ed"T*be ■Maroaluko*."
In time, these armwi slavot, pereolv-
Ing that on thorn rested tho real powor
of government, whoro forco wa» power, determined tbat ii itay*could command In tho namo of the nominal rulers, they could Ju-nt «a well doj>oso
those and rule for themselves. Thoy
overthrew tho government and boI. one
of their captains In tho place of tho
king. Became tho recognized rulers,
as they had long been the actual.
And oven so, todny, in'southern Colorado, tho political adventurers whom
tho coal companies havo entrenched In
powor, and the gunment whom thoy
have had appointed to positions of advantage, reollzlng the power that has
boon placed In, their hands, and tho
possibility of 'administering that power to their own fldvantngo, aro dictating tho pollelpfl of tho mine owners;
nro demanding for themselves more
nnd more of the rosult 01 tho oxtortlon
thoir forco makes possible,
What values do theso'.plug uglles
and shysters produce? What necessity' for thoir existence?
A mutual understanding between
tho mino owners nnd their omployos
would forovor end thoir powor to ox-
Such ngreoinmit, recognizing compo-'
tltlyo market rolaMontililp, tho rights
of tho oporntors na woll an tho rights {
of tho .miners, we stand ready to mako.
This could be arranged without nny
cassation of work. Wo do not «ook
nut If wo cannot reach such an
agreement without an Industrial war
wo nro determined that tho conditions
that now obtain must chango.
Our brothers In southern Colorado
havo long been calling to us to como
....a ... »,>■ S„'i„..    it„iu t'1,1, Immi  .<nm:
Wnrl-r-PTi nro nl'vnyn ''rcftfly tn ft Id ihK'c
who will also help themselves.
Tho monoy now oxpondod by thc
companle* on politico! grafters and
hired untiles, if applied to tho -wages
of tlio actual coal producers would
tiring .riiippuiuM itnd ccuniort to Iho
homes of the minors now th^ro; would
set a standard of wages which would
Insure the operators able, .practical
miners from all parts of tho couitstry
who would come to tho Colorado coal
flolds of tfiolr own volition, and nt
thoir own oxponso,—KdUorlal, l', M,
W. of A. Journal,
levefaryearsToTcall a strike to redress their grievances, but so far wo
have refused to endorse such a move
on their part -and 'have used all the
■means at our comimand to persuade
thein to remain at work, hoping that
the opera-tors   would   finally   realize
that  industrial strife could only be
prevented by Intelligent joint action.
In this we have so far been keenly disappointed and the time is now here
when somo definite  action  must  be
taken. Wo are fully prepared to strike
if that be the only alternative, but wo
hope for tho good of the Industry, the
mine workers, the operators and the
general public that we will bo able to
settlo this problem by reason and not
by conflict,   1 have eery reason to believe that this will be done, and moreover, I still have faith that the operators of northern Colorado, with whom
wo havo been engaged, In a strlko for
the past forty months, .will also meet
with us In the near futuro and make a
sincere endeavor to honorably adjudicate our present differences.   It can
bo done, and thero Is no reason why
we should not moot ln a friendly spirit,
as broadmlndcd men measuring up to
tho 'gront responsibilities resting upon
us, and together work out a satisfactory solution of all our troubles.   If
this result can be Obtained It goes
without saying that the coal -mining
industry In Colorado will boiln better
shape than ever boforo In its history
und thousands of tho host coal .miners
In Uio land will tako up their residence In this fair Slate, and do their
full shnro In developing tho groat coal
aroas of this region. '■'.,.
As the public Is a vital faotor In thlfl
affair, wo want tho peoplo to thoroughly understand our position in Uio
unattor, so they may he In a .position
to judgo .as to tho sound now and fairness of our contention.—U, M, W, of
A. Journal.
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience.—   0
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
Steam Heated Throughout
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Snmple
Rooms in Connection
Onco upon *,n tlmo thero woro four
files which flpw out to secure their
midday meal.
Tho first 0110 sottted down upon a
workingmnnn lunch nnd commenced
eating of a piece of HiiUHnge that graced tho snmlvloh; tho wuisnge had a
fresh appearance and promlsod n good
me.il, but thc fly died of dysentery.
Thn sauungo had boon dyod with aniline.
Tho second fly wandered toward a
still bettor commissary, but wul to relate, camo upon a quantity of flour,
Ho nlo heavily from tt bug of the In-
nocent-looWng basis of the stnff of Hfo
Uiut lut'l l(i;i;li »t(HIH-!i(tlt"i( VHUi |>i.»«U-r
t.f Kir!:**
Tbo third fly sped Hmtigh an un-
scroenod window Into a workingman's
homo nnd drank of a cup of milk that
stood upon tho table. Hut It suffered
an awful lllniw, as It <'Oiitract*«l a
c!ib« ot coiic, w'nlf'n fwn rcmritort In
the Best of
Fino iScekwenr, Sox, Caps, Undofwunr, .Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots \\i .Shoos, eome to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
t.t, 1.)
ViVWVthmtt  oolfl   with   <\   '..HVC'i'lt*'1*''   <liot    ;('   yw J;
factory, jwi cviu Mum ii ,vA pA yxu uiuti^- Iwick
How many Socialist* aro prepared
ta talk int.nil^ntly on the Industrial
conditions In their own neighborhood?
I)o you know what wane* are paid
In the n^»r<-»t factory and what Rrl^v-
i\TH.M tho workuri there h*vef
What kind ol schools do your chll-
Is tho trosb remedy
known for sunburn,
heat* rashes, eczema.
tore feet, &tin«s and
blister*.   A skin food!.I
Jtt tnttHHi »*» fiani-tnt.'i
'hi" I*
Insurance, Real Estate
and   oans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property ,-ljli) ivmz*m&mimm
eijje Sis!xul £tb$w
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0.... Subscription $1.00
per. year in advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
x   F, H. NEWNHAM   Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
While it is extremely difficult to obtain authentic
news from the strike area, most of the newspaper
reports having been of such an exaggerated ancl
grossly distorted nature, the news that has been
received so far bears out in every respect the telegram which we published last week from Robert
Foster, President Dist. 28, U. M. W. of A., Nanaimp.
The Ledger forwarded this telegram to Lethbridge and of all the papers in western Canada this
paper ancl Herald were the only two to publish any
authentic news. The tales of bloodshed and atrocities simmered down to one man aceidently shot—
and that by strike-breakers.
The cause of the trouble is quite apparent to air
and, as remarked last week, we were not wholly
unprepared for the outbreak, which originated as a
result of unprovoked assault on the part of strikebreakers who attacked the striking miners, and outnumbering them drove them out of town, insulted
tlieir women folk. That the- strikers should resent
these outrages on the part of the scum, who stand
to win as much as the strikers themselves, was not
to be wondered at.
The men on' the Island have shown commendable
patience, but while they were willing to let the Chinese and other equally as yellow take 'their jobs,
they resented the outrages offered their women and
themselves and struck back.
To illustrate the damnable lies that the press
has published, we take the following from the Vancouver Sun of last Saturday: ■
" 'The whole business has been grossly exaggerated,' said Col. Hall, of the Eighty-eighth Fusiliers,
who is in command of the forces, in an interview to
The Sun this evening. 'All the wild stories of
shooting and loss of life are without a shadow of
truth. There has been a little rough work ancl perhaps some horseplay but there has been really no
this strike. You can make this as strong as you
like. I mean just what I say. "We have got all that
we asked from the Vaneouver-Nanaimo Coal Company, and tlie union men will go into the Jingle Pot
mine again within a few days. They have secured
recognition for their personal safety and a 10 per'
cent, increase in all wages. Miners will now be
paid on a fair schedule, I think. :
" 'This is the entering wedge. "We will beat the
Western Fuel Company and the Canadian Collieries.   "We will win the strike.
"The United Mine Workers of America are paying striking coal miners in this district $16,500 a
week. They will continue this so long as it is necessary.' "
The nigger in the wood pile is Stockett. This individual—so far removed from an alien himself!—
refuses to discuss the question of settlement with
the men's representative; recognizing, no doubt,
that Frank Farrington with his experience -will be
a very different proposition to dealing with an
"employee." Stockett recognizes the lever he will
have wilh the latter; he, as a shrewd servant of
those who employ him, knows that any man who is
employed at a mine where he is manager is not like
to be very aggressive, 'or at least, nothing like so
aggressive as an independent individual. This, Mr.
Reader, is the secret (!) of Stockett's objection.
just -been lowered over the.brink of
the grade, .which is one of the longest
and steepest in the world, when the
pin holding the cable attached to the
cars snapped, the safety chains broke
and the cars started downward like a
■Three, named Liddell, Scott and
Ambler, promptly rolled off, but out of
10 who 'remained in tlie cars, nine
were killed "and one seriously injured.
"danger of life. The one man, Baxter, was hit. by a
shot which was.fired in the air by way of demonstration and he happened to be passing by. His
wound is only slight.
" 'As to the rumors that men were buried alive
in the mine, I place no belief in them and after our
day at Extension I am convinced that there are no
men in the mine there.' "
Isn't it a peach! And this is all that is left of
the immortal six who gave their ilfe.blood for tho
cause of Freedom (?) and to escape thc thraldom
of an "alien" organization.
There is one sinister feature of the whole rioting
and that, strangely enough, exactly thc same situation that arose right here in Fernie—nobody wants
to take tho responsibility for calling out the militia!
Tt is ancient history here that at election time Uie
various interested individuals who appeared on tho
public platform ancl were questioned "didn't
know," although with a grand assumption of dig
nity they declared themselves, liko Bowser, to be
on the "side of law ancl order."
Mr. T. B. Shoobothnm, acting for Attorney-General Bowser, declares that every offender, no matter who he might he, would most certainly bo
brought lo justice, But the roport adds "Mr. Shoe-
hotham spoke feelingly of the attack on strikebreakers in Extension. . . ," As this happens to
be a newspaper'report wo will spare our criticisms
until we hear how lie acts, but from latest reports
he appears to be acting pretty much upon his feel-
ings, and by Tuesday he had succee<lcd,4n",iailing
128 men.  Not too bad!
Frank Farrington expects to win and tho following, which wo cull from the Vancouvor World, is
characteristic ol! the bigness of body and mind of
the international representative at'the Coast:
"Frank Farrington, international representative
in the strike zone for tho United Mino Workers of
America, and tho brains of tho strike, talked quietly and calmly to a World ■representative Inst evening ahout the situation.,, Ho declares positively, and
ho wiih generous in his permission to quote liis remarks, that the union men will win tlieir strike. No
" 'You cnn toll your paper thnt T sny we will win
While every fair-mined individual is compelled
to admit that the duties of the City Council of Fernie can scarcely be likened to the proverbial "Bed
of Roses," we are compelled to admit that the roads
of Fernie appear to be no inconsiderable thorn in
the side of some of the citizens of this town. The
state of the streets, especially Main Street, during
the last week or so, has been, to describe it in the
picturesque language of one individual, "Hell."
While opinions may differ as to what constitutes
the nether regions, there can be no two opinions
about the condition in which we find our streets
after a sharp shower. IHias been stated by those
in authority that it is their intention to put down
some permanent road, possibly granolithic, while
this would ,be exceedingly fine in our opinion
the expense would be, having regard to the present
financial condition of the City Treasury, prohibited. Right here in this town we possess abundant
material for road construction and while we do not
pretend to be an authority on same, feel sure that
six or eight inches of good crushed shingling with
a suitable bituminous binder would make a roadway that should last the City of Fernie for some
years. We have it on the authority of one gentleman, who claims to be no inconsiderable expert on
road building, that thc cost of laying down a permanent granolithic road-way for Main Street, extending from the Henderson Block to the Central
Hotel, would be at $17.50 per lineal ft. width, about
road way. One objection to granolithic" roads put
forward by a very optimistic individual was the expense the City Council would be put to in tearing
up permanent road-way should they ever decide to
introduce street ears. However, it is pretty evident that the roads and streets of this town have
got to receive as much attention as the delinquent
rate payers. Perhaps it is not too much to hope
that the City may be able to apply some of the collections from this source to a little reconstruction
work on roads and sidewalks.
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page 5)u
Dear Sir,—.Permit me to call your
attention, and the-attention of all lovers of domestic animals, to the .ghastly method by which dogs are put to
death by the police authority. On the
27th of July two of my girls were
walking up to Coal Creek accompanied by the dog, arid when near Letcher's Spur the dog unfortunately had
one of its legs cut off by the *M. F. M.
engine. It went into the bush and
nothing more was heard or seen of the
dog .until Aug. 2nd, when my boy informed me that the poor brute had
■come home. As near as I can learn it
must have taken the poor animal some
five or six days to reach my house.
Immediately after receiving this information I met a city police constable, and asked .permission to shoot the
dog. He replied that I could not, and
upon inquiring was informed that no
one is allowed to shoot inside the city
limits. I inquired whether he did not
think I was as capable of shooting the
dog as the police, and was informed "No; the Chief will not allow
you; but send him,up and we will kill
him." ! may mention that I would
most eertalnly have taken the poor
brute outside the city limits but it appeared to me to be disgustingly brutal
to move the dumb animal in its wretched state. However, the dog was dragged
up to the top of the big hill, as it is
termed, and in close ■proximity to the
Salvation Army Headquarters, residence of the, Catholic Priest and the
Provincial Court House, this particular
■constable tried to kill the dog by
shooting him with a revolver. He fired five shots, and failing to kill poor
brute, used rocks to finish it. . Now,
sir, I believe at all times that we have
co abide by existing laws, amend them,
or introduce fresh measures, but I am
compelled to admit that, sooner than
see any dumb animal of mine done to
death in this horrible fashion, I will
destroy the dog myself and take the
consequences, even" to the extent of
As you are no doubt aware this is
not the first time that complaints have
been made upon the methods adopted
by the police to destroy dogs and I
have every reason to believe that the
last letter appeared in the Ledger two
years ago in connection with the
shooting of a dog in the pound and
was written by Mr..W. Jackson, In
their heads together to eatch the
sport who thinks he can hug and kiss
just wiho be pleases.
The Pacific Hotel Is now doing big
business on its new site. Don't, hit
it too hard, boys, the blues _ are bad
and the cure is worse.
Doctor D. Ark is again on duty in
Coalhurst and Diamond City after
three months spent in the universities
of Edinburgh to acquire further knowledge of his profession. The doctor
reports having a good time and the
people of Coalhurst are .pleased to see
the doctor's smiling face again on the
job. We all welcome the doc. back
and are fully aware that the experience and knowledge gained by the trip
will be utilized to good advantage.
May good, results follow to reward
your ambitions.
Mr. and Mrs. Prank McLeod, of
Lethbridge, were yisitors to Coalhurst
on Tuesday.
George may -be seen these days testing the abilities of his new car., Find
the weak spots and make her rip,
Johnny Baleskl made a smashing
debut on Saturday, night with his forty-five horse power touring car. He
says he is a capitalist now. Good for
you, Johnny Blacksmith.
Monday, September 1, is Labor Day. A national
holiday made so by legal enactment and set apart
as a day which America's toiling masses elaim as
their own.
Let the day be fittingly and appropriately observed. Emphasize the importance of labor's hosts
ns a factor both in the political and industrial life
of our nation. In every community lot it bo shown
that the masses propose to exalt and dignify labor
by the intelligent and wisely directed uso of cooperation and collective action.
Tho United Mino Workers have a special cause
for gratification. Our union has grown and increased both in numbers and in influence. Wo
havo gono forward, overcoming obstacles which
scorned almost insurmountable and established our
organization in places hitherto inaccessible. Among
our membership everywhere tho bonds, of'fraternal
fellowship have boen strengthened aud. tho spirit of
brotliorhaod lias inoroasod. May wo gather new
hopo and inspiration as.wo assemble together on
Labor Day. Looking into the future witli optimism
and good choor, may wo observe on tho horizon tlio
dawn of a brighter day. Along with this now and
hotter view/may thoro come a strengthening oi! tlio
golclou chain or fraternity nud brotherhood linking
\w'together ono and indissoluble.
JOHN P. W'llTTK, Prosldont,
TTUNTf .T TTAY138. Vice-President.
;    ' WM. GTtlWN, Secretary-Treasurer.
I " ' '* - ■"	
F. R. J. Phoenix,  of  the   Bank of
resident here and a member of the
first town council. iMr. Shone was
well and favorably known by a large
number oi people throughout the Pass,
he having been a miee official for a
number of different companies. .Many
win regret to hear of his early removal to the Great Beyond and extend
sympathy to a sorrowing widow, a
J'oung son and other relatives and
It is our sad duty to chronicle the
death on Tuesday of Mrs. J. Rushton,
wife of J. Rushton, of p. Burns & Co.
staff, some two weeks ago a baby
was born to the family and Mrs. Rush-
ton's condition has' been critical since
then, on Tuesday it was seen there
was no hope for her recovery aad
death relieved her of all earthly pain.
Interment took place on Thursday afternoon at the Coleman cemetery.
■men and children go to work at 6 \
o'clock in 'the morning. • Just one hour
after the women and children went to
work I saw the men. go to work.  They.
came from practically the same community.   Men are working ten houra •■
and women and children eleven hours!
It ,is there going on all ttie time, all'
the week, all the month, all the year..
"If 'women and children can work
eleven hours, why not men?-    They
can, but .they have learned that it does
not' 'pay to have men Work so long.
Nobody seams to  have given much
thought to the women and children.
Tbey simply take   -what   is coming. *
They are not in a .position to raise any
objection."-—New York Times.
Indianapolis, Ind., August 1, 1913.
To the Officers and Members of Looal Unions, United Mine Workers of
Brothers—I have been appointed International Secretary-Treasurer of our
organization by President White, to
succeed Edwin Perry, who tendered
his resignation to take effect August
1- I wdll £ive to this position the best
service of which I am capable. In
connection therewith i ask the support of all the Local Secretaries, District and International Officers and
the membership everywhere.   Let us
Commerce' staff, returned on Friday co-operate together with  a view to
speet"dr"foF"S7"P. C. A.
Yours fraternally,
Fernie Annex.    ■ ■   HARRY -MARTIN.
Tho Konnrol public In now hearing
n grout deal nbout tho "Oil Km".and
iiiu     uii   4*H*>."      iilu   iu.oi.tUol*   iliitt
emtio    (n   livm   suddenly   from   thc
House of Commons,   Tlie oil era Is
not qulto an ora, and, ob It Is not ad-
vnntiiKoous to this country, Its true
moanlim should bo clearly understood.
For Homo twenty years onRlne-nrs have
boon ojfporlmciitiiiK with tho burning
of oil In bollor furnaces nnd  In alj
sorts of furnaces down to cooking
stoves.   A grout Impetus was Klven to
tills work some yours «ko when mineral oil wan chdup.  Hut for tho cheap-
ne.iB tho work would probably novor
havo been puHii-r-d I'oiwunlj and now
that Homethlw? Is known of thn use of
»ll iih iiii'l it lm* ■necomo vury costly.
Tho value of oil fuel to nn engineer li
measured by lh'" power that cnn b«
developed from n bovwIrh'h worth of
ell In ciimpnrlsoji with a sovereign's
worth of <>onl.  Oil at half Its present
prb'o Is n rinut* r^mpntflor with ronl
If all ailvantaBoa nro considered.   Naval com]ietltlon Is, however, fnr moro
Intense than commercial competition.
Natural ami mechanical olomontB nro
duveiojruu in cuiiiiiioi'uu only to tno ox«
tint U» which Iboy ;u-e jjj'onbWc. Nw-
vnl onRlnoerlnj! la ft conttnunl ntroln
to got all that cnn bo £ot, out of motnl
nud fuel, rognrdtoaK,u prnctlcally, of
cost,   Oil as a HtonnvralfdiiK fuel hns
many tulvnnttwwi.   Hut tho supply Is
not certain at tiny enhanced 'prleo, All
tho nowBpapor discussion, so far as
wo havo seen, has inlusod the Important f not'that other nations aro not bo-
luff to nllow frco export of mineral oil.
Russia hns tnkon n vory stronw position, and Iiiih Riven  Its Oovornmnnt
power to make commercial Interests
subordinate to national Interests, der-
mnny hns shown a disposition to limit
tho power of oil .trading corporations
In Its tfrrltory.   Therefore It tla<*» not
follow thnt tlio difficultly of paying
for tho oil nnd KatMiuHt across tlio
sfa are all that we have* to f.ice.   It la
true th.it shnlo oil nnd 'wil nt] fun b/>
produced, but at a first, cost tromond-
ously greater than tbo nominal first
cost of mlnoral oil. Oil fuel can, In
fact, bo produced from altooat any-1
thing—but at what cost? Tlio essen-
llul iniiul In mtll In rvUillvc; tun nlhuv
nntlonn monopollzo so substantial a
pnrt of tho cheap supply that thoy can
forcn us to resort to Bourcos enormously moro oxpomrfvo?—.Tho Prac
tlrnl F.nclneer.
3,300  Post  Bt  Terrific  Speed
When Cable Pin Snaps
CLIFTON, Ariz., Aug, 14.—Nino
mon wore Itlllod and ono probably fa<
tally Injured Into yoBtorday when n
cable Din mapped at tho Corcmndn
mino and two oro cant, onrrylna 12
tonn of oro and 1fl minora (lashed
down a 38 ilORroo Brnde for a distance
of 3,300 foot.
■When is a union man a union man?
When he pickets a Market street store
in non-union clothes, labelless hat,
shoes, collars and cuffs, and with a
non-union made cigar in his mouth?
I am an honorary member of the Label Counoil. I recognize the necessity
of organized labor using many methods in obtaining for the rank and file
of labor in the Industrial world the advantages that are gradually coming
into vogue. But I do think that the
one safest, sanest, easiest and most
commendable means is being neglected. And I do' feel that some of the
most cumbersome, costly and -antiquated methods, that should have
gone to itho scrap-heap long ago, are
still being used ,to the detriment of
natural progress toward the most up-
to-date ways of settling labor disputes
and developing labor potentiality.
■Aa often as I Jook ait the splendid
success of the I.iome Industry League's campaign for the use of goods
that bear tho California label 1 think
of what the trade union cause might
become if ita proiKmenits mado half as
much of a crusade for the purchase of
goods tlmt boro the union label, The
California manufacturers have discovered the worth of the label as an advertising modlum, and an economic
powor. 'While they-are playing it for
all It is worth—and It Is worth a good
deal or our merchants would not bo
paying good money for advertisements
in connection with it—thoso who prac
tically Invented it, the trade-unionists,
aro lettlnig ltfl up-to-dato valuos go miserably to waste.
I -ought to be able to get union made
goods in any atoro In this city with
50,000 trade unionists horo always asking tholv dealers for goods with tho
union label on thorn, But tho storekeepers laugh at ino, In many In-
Btancoa It Is "a now ono on thorn." I
Btolo Into tho Sacramento Building
Trad ob Council ono night about a yoar
ago. I do not know whether I was
woleomo at first or not. I only had
tho orodoatlnls of my calling. But as
I roue to addroBii thorn T romombored
that, I had gone out of my way to got
collars, cuffSj shoos and hat bearing
tho union label, and, as a moro dlBtln-
gulshod altlBon onco did on groator
occasion, I Bhled my bnt ot cotro, Into
tho ring and unllod upon thorn to
match mo.
Hut nmivtint} In'vM" muct not ovpoet
her woll-wlsherB to go to extremes.
Tlio normal business of San Francisco
would respond greedily to tho insistence of fifty thousand customers for
any kind dr brand or character ot
goods,   And today organlzod labor Ib
mlii.,1,,,.  I...   M;;;;;C,. ^  >A.._. (,J.liX.  viilvll
Is only simple business, involving no
rancor, no blttqrnoiw, no auostlonB of
propriety or falrnosB. It has tho
power to create a moat adequate <lo«
mand for unlon-mado goods In every
lino of trado, manufacture and industry. It, would revolutionize tho prt?,n-
ont cumbersome methods of obtaining
Industrial ndvnn-iaffo. Tt would win
on merit.—Wllllnm Nat Friend, ln
1,/nbor Clarion,
morning from a holiday trip to Win
nlpeg and eastern points. Mr. Phoenix
attended the stampede and reports an
enjoyable trip.
A. J. Bliss, representing Campbell,
Wilson and Home, of Lethbridge,
spent Sunday at the Coleman and called on the various grocery emporiums
on Monday.
Wilson MacDonald, of Toronto, at
present sojourning in Blairmore, and
one of Canada's rising young poet's,
was a Coleman visitor on Tuesday.
J. W. MacDonald, attorney, of Macleod, was a guest at the Coleman Hotel
L. M, Perkins, of the Bank of Commerce, Pincher Creek, who for the
past two weeks has been holidaying
here with friends, returned on''Mon-
day evening to the town in the tall
Arch. Corrie, of Western Canada
Wholesale fame, transacted business
with Coleman merchants on Tuesday.
G-.- Searle, of Pincher Creek, was -a
Coleman visitor on Tuesday.
Coleman was visited on Tuesday by
about eighty of ■ the delegates of the
riving on their special train from
Frank about 2.30 p.m. About one hair
of the party visited the mine of tbe
International Coal and Coke Company,
piloted,by O..E, S. Whiteside and other
officials of tlie company. The remainder of the party, in charge of Prof.
Brock, director of the Geological Survey, Ottawa, examined the formation
from Coleman along the C. P. R. track
to a point about two mile west. The
party returned about six oclock to the
Sanatorium, Frank, whero a sumptuous banquet was held, the same being
provided by the various coal operators
of the district.
Mrs. J. S. PIzer and two children left
on Tuesday for Toronto, Detroit and
other1 eastern points and will visit In
the east for an Indefinite time. Mrs.
PIzer was accompanied by Mr, PIzer's
mother, she having been a visitor with
her son here lor some time past.
Rev. Mr. Huestls, of Red Deer, representing tho Lord's Day Alliance of
Canada, was In town on Tuosday and
Wednesday and held a 'public mqetlng
In the Institutional Church Tuesday
iMlss K. ■McNabb, of Lothbrldgo, and
Mrs. H. A. Parks (nee ?..rclntyrc) of
Pontlcton, B. C, both former residents
of Coleman, aro tho guests of Mrs. F.
G. Graham. ■
Mrs. S. Machin has transferred her
bakery business from Socond Streot
to a moro convenient location on Central Avenue. The new shop Is Immediately north of tho Coleman Hotel
and the window contains an attractive
display of goods that appeal to the appetite.
A meeting of Coleman ratopayors
was hold In tho Counoil Chambor on
Wednesday evening at whioh the
Booming oxceflslvo tax rato was dis-
cussod. A resolution was passed which
has ln vlow tho restoring of tho poll
tax. It Is anticipated that this may
bo done by scouring tho joint action
of the various municipalities of tho
Word was rooolvod In town this
woek from Now Westminster, B, C, of
tho doatli of Samuel Shone, formerly a
making our organization of still great-
■or influence in promoting the economic, social and industrial welfare of the
mine workers of the entire country.
Please send all communications intended for the International Secretary-Treasurer to Wm. Green," 1101-
1106 State Life Bldg., Indianapolis,
Fraternally yours,
International Secretary-Treasurer.
Although the coal deposits of Alaska are very extensive, only 355 tons
was mined in that Territory in 1912,
according to tlie report of the U. S.
Geological Survey, aside from 900
tons dug under,the direction of the^
Bureau of Mines for testing purposes.
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
The employment of women and
children under intolerable conditions
has not been eliminated in tbe South,
despite vigorous agrtation for anti-
cihild labor laws, according to a letter
received from a citizen of North Carolina by the national, child labor committee at 105 East Twenty-second
street, in New York. The correspondent tells of conditions under which
men work ten hours a day in the -mills
and women and- children eleven hours
a day.
"Last week," lie says, "I saw In two
counties   of   North _Carolina what
seems to 'me to be about the' most suc-
cussful butohery of the laws of chivalry that. I have ever known. Somehow
it seemed to une to do violence to that
insbinct which, makes a man lift his
hat or do any service for a woman or
show a lolndness to a child.
"At two different places I saw'wo-
LOST—Lady's Brooch, $5 gold piece
mounted. Finder will be substantially rewarded by returning same
to Waldorf Hotel, Fernie, B. C.   56
TENDERS Invited for the faking over
and running the Recrealon and Pil-
llard Rooms ln the Miners' Hall,
Fernie,   Particulars may be obtain-
. ed by applying at the Secretary's office. AU Tenders to be sent ln not
later than Aug. 23rd, and plainly
marked "Tenders."    ' 53
FOR RENT—Large and Commodious
Store in Miners' Hall, will be ready
for occupancy on Sept. lst. Apply
to T, Uphill, Secy. Miners' Union,
Fernie. Store'"can be let singly if
desired. ' 54
FOR RENT—Five-roomed House. Apply to W. Minton, Annex. 55
FOR SALE AT ONCE—House Furnishings. Apply to F. A. Robson,
Victoria Ave., opp. Orpheum Theatre. 58
FOR RENT—Four roomed House;
meat kitchen, clothes closet, electric light, water, etc. Apply Wm.
■Barton, agent Singers Sewing Machine Co., City. , 60
light housekeeping (modem). Mrs.
Murphy, Jaffray St. 63
WILL THE PARTY who took by mistake a Lady's -Black Parasol, handle
engraved JI. E. G., from either the
Crows  Nest or Trites-Wood Store,
—off^Augrrftlirkinaly'returii the same"
' to the Ledger Office? 59
TO LET—5-roomed house on half acre
of land; water in house, situate in
■ West'Fernie near school; rent $15.00
per month. Apply to Mr. McDonald,
Trites-Wood. 61
Lulu   wns   watching   hor   mother
working among tho flowers.   "Mama,
„  , .- Know why fiowors grow," sho *aldj
The turn nnd thMr pnw.wngnrfi hnA \"thfy nun ta «a out of the dtrU"
For Your Past Patronage
Aud iu order to demonstrate in a woro practical manner than in mere words, also to induce you to continue
your esteemed favors, wo have arranged to give to some
one of our customers a present consisting of
we have now on exhibition. The value of this instrument is $400,00 and is guaranteed by the maker for a
period of tonyears.
Wo cordially invito' you to call at otir ■ store*, inspect
and try this beautiful instrument. You havo as good a
chance of obtaining this valuable gift ns anyono. Como
to our storo aiid lot us explain our method of
Wc also 'desire to call your attention to the many
splendid values which wo aro now offering in every
department. ,
Druggist & Stationer
101 Bison Indian Military Feature ., „
2 * REELS - 2,
A {.Imiiini** ttiory ui how n girl goes into tho Indian cfimp and captures the murdiwr
of ono of hor family, thereby clearing hor lover of tho chargo at tho Inst momcat,
See it, it's out of the Ordinary
: Sensational European Feature
"The Secret of The Safe"
3* REELS* 3
Watch For Announcements of Our Feature Programs
.1 (-
. .1
News  of The  District Camps
♦        COAL  CREEK   NOTES
Ice Cream Social
Undoubtedly one of the best socials
held in connection witb the Presbyterian Church was held on Tuesday evening under" the auspices of the Ladies' Aid, the number present being so
large that accommodation was taxed,
to its utmost capacity. There was no
charge for admission and • the sale of
ice cream realized the sum of $35.
Mesdames Shanks, Martin and Worthington were In charge o£ the freezers.
The following ladies rendered vocal
selections: Mrs. Lamont, Mrs. Wm.
Appleby, Mrs. Percy, Miss A. France
and Miss Joyce. Thp children of the
Sunday School gave a few hymn pieces ably led by Mr. G. Lamont. Master
Fred Percy was the accompanist. A
pleasant evening was brought to' a
close about 10 o'clock, every one voting having had a good time. The committee desire to thank the residents
for their patronage ahd hope for an
early repetition of same.
The residents of Coal Creek were
treated to a game of football which
savored very much of an Old Country
match when the Coleman Football
club were matched against the Creek
eleven to decide the league honors.
There was a great deal 'of interest displayed and 'partisans of both teams
were there to boost in large numbers.
Quite a respectable crowd journeyed
from Coleman. The game opened and
had been In progress but a few minutes 'before one gentleman allowed his
enthusiasm to overstep discretion and
engaged in fistic argument with one
of the Creek players. As the rule
book failed to provide for such a contingency, the assistance of the representative of law and order wa3 invoked. After much persuasion, forcible
and otherwise, the individual was escorted off the ground and a very
broad hint conveyed that the atmosphere of Coal Creek would not be congenial If he delayed his departure. The
game was resumed and for the .first
portion Coleman pressed and the goal
received a narrow escape. Matters
evened up and the ball was carried ia-
' to-the Coleman half, a corner resulting. The corner was nicely taken and
from -a well placed centre a fierce
■drive was made straight to the Coleman custodian, who managed to save.
Before, however, the ball was cleared
P. .Toinson, nipping in between, scored
The many friends of Tom Mason,
who is lying at St. Paul's Hospital,
Vancouver, where he has been undergoing an operation for internal trouble, will be pleased 'to learn that he Is
progressing favorably.
The appearance of a C. P. R. coach
up here on Tuesday led ono to think
that the Sipokane flyer had got on tha
wrong track, but on investigation it
proved to be a large section of the International Geological Congress, who
were visiting the camp, visiting various points of interest around here.
They were conducted around the outside plant of ■ the Coal Company's
mines, exhibiting various signs of surprise at the appliances in use for the
handling of the coal aftar leaving the
mines. The return Journey to town
was made about 5 o'clock. Superintendent Shanks and tho pit bosses attended the banquet In Fertile ln the
The Creekites who took in the Hosmer Moose social and dance on Wednesday report having had a good time.
Billy Bennett has resumed work
again after his long illness.
The Young People's Union of the
Methodist Church are having a picnic
to Elko on Saturday next, Aug. 23rd;
adults 80c return, children half price,
leaving €oal Creek 7.45 asm., returning
ordinary train. Bring along your
lunch baskets.
The schools reopen on Monday, Aug.
25th, after the summer vacation. The
place of Mr. Flett will be taken by Mr.
J. C. Tonks, of Burmis, and the place
of Miss Livingstone will be taken by
Miss Townsend, of Fernie.
A special committee meeting of the
Coal Creek F. C. will be held on Sunday morning at 11 o'clock.' Business
important. •'
■Mr. Newton, mine inspector, was in
camp on Thursday,
The residents of Coyote'Street do
not object to listening to the strains or
"When the Sands of the Desert Grow
Cold" during the day, but do object to
them at night.   Oh you whistler, Joe.
♦ ♦
Trfine'~gbarfoFtlie "Creek.   From now
on till half time the ball travelled up
and down the field, neither side .being
able to' gain any appreciable advantage, ■ On the resumption of the game
Coleman pressed and looked like scoring, but the Creek defence was exceedingly steady and banns of vigilant defender.   Shortly after this Bob Johnstone made two or three great attempts at scoring but without success.
In one case the Coleman - goalkeeper
brought off a fine save, throwing himself the whole length of the goal ou to
"the ball (hard luck, Bob).  The second
goal for the Creek was also scored by
r, Jolnson, who gave an illustration of
the usefulness of a smart nippy for-
ward when opposing two heavy hacks.
Taking tho ball off the back's foot he
slipped ln between the defence and
. put over tho winning goal.   After this
■Coleman appeared  to  lose  much of
their interest ln the game.and it was.
only hy a llttlo bungling on the part of
Coal  Creek  defonco that they managed to find the net and to the specta-
tors Ultls appeared to be scored off
McLetchle's shoulder. One of the most
regrettable. Incidents of tlio game-was
tho accident that happened to Pete
Jolnson shortly after scoring the second goal.   In attempting too tako tho
■halloff ono of the Colomnn wlngs'ho
foil heavily,  seriously   Injuring   his
wrist.  Pete will bo missed vory much
in tho Mutz Cup Competition, but wo
Blnoorely hope to soo him around again
shortly without tho surgical bandages.
After the match suppor was partaken
of at tho houso of Mr., Georgo Crabb,
' Coyote Street, and a llttlo -convivial
gathering at the Club afterwards completed tho day's outing.   In; the absence of Mr. J. Quinney, tho appointed
roforoo,  Joo  Mltcholl handled  tho
gnimo and In such aa Impartial manner as to 'glvo satisfaction to all, and
, undor tho circumstances wo think this
reflects tho greatest crodlt upon Mr,
■Mitchell's capabilities aB a roforoo.
Saturday Inst was pay day up horo,
nnd a lariro crowd of tho gontlor box
Journoyed to Fornlo, to ipurtalco of tho
nmusomonts, otc, offered.
Saturday noxt will marie tho opon-
Jn« of tho Cup Uos, when Coal Crook
will ontortnln f-tosmor F. 0, In tho
first round of tho Mutse Cup at Coal
Crook, The followlnff Is Coal Crook
lino up: Goal, T, Banns: backs, Mc-
I.etchlo and M«Fogon; halves, Sweeney, Vntofl, >Vhyto; forwards, Harper,
Booth, Maplng, Garvlo, Johnstone.
Nnferoo. ,T, Quinney, Pernio. Kick off
0 o'clock.
Tho camp Is covorod with poBtors
nnnniinplnnr tlm nprirtu to hi* }\ti\H .vn
horo on Labor Day.  A good program
ut ovuntu lm (teen arranged, |600 bolng given la 'prizes for running, Jump-
Ins*, football, wrestling, tugof-war, putting tho shot, quoits, snaps, etc, Thuro
Ib also to bo a grand waltzing contest
fnr h'JjIp?! si.'^.'jJ.isSh! prfi'cs iw L*i ■**■■'.
Rlvon,   A good band will bt) In attendant all day.  There will also 'oo
a froo danco In tho Club Hall at night,
All children undor 10 years of ago
ara requested to keep thoir oyes on
W, n. Pnckoy and It. Johnstono who
nm s^vlnnr Ifln in every child undor
; 10.  Thoro will be candy stalls, etc., an
tho field, nnd given eooil wpn »h i»r fi
good tlmo i« assured.
Wo understand that the committees
of ihe Methodist and Presbyterian
Churches nro conducting stalls on Ihe
sports field on lAbor Day,
Jimmy Lowe, an old timet around
hftrf, an if Mn ot the Wc of riiia,
blew Into camp on SatonUr.
Uyells' performing dogs entertained
large audiences to an enjoyable evening's entertainment Thursday and Friday last at the Opera House.
A Board of Trade meeting was held
Thursday last In Laibel_l_e's_samBJfi,
"roomT '
Nothing doing in Labor Day sports
at Hosmer. Possibly it is as well that
way. By next year a peace covenant
may have been signed. Let's hope so.
_. Sunday's, meeting of the. Local was
postponed till Tuesday, when a large
crowd put In an appearance. One
would have thought a strike was on
by tho size of the meeting. Keep it
up, 'boys,' it's the only way we'll get
results, It -was decided to hold the
meetings in future every Tuesday
night at 7.30 p.m. Jot tbls down ln
your note book.
Hosmer footballers made a fruitless
journey to Fernie Saturday last to
fulfil a league fixture, Fernie falling
to place a team In tho field.
Tlie signals seemed also to get
crossed as regards the league meeting, Hosmer representative landing In
Fernie at the time the meeting was
going on at Hlllcrest. Somo bungling
A Russian civil war took place In
New York Sunday, too much Vodka
being the causo. The result was work
for Dr. Nay and a police court case,
whioh was adjourned till Monday noxt.
Andrew Torek was the victim of an
unfortunate accident at B Lovol, a fall
of coal Injuring tho poor fellow's spine
to suoh an extent that on operation
had to bo performed by Drs. Nay and.
Bonnell. Hopes aro entertain od for
his 'Ultimate" recovery, but It will bo
a slow process,  •
Bob Skoolcum had his cranium dont-
od onco moro 'by a fall of coal. -Bob's
head will Boon havo as many dents
In It as tho coast of Norway.
Napoleon Bowsor and his militia
Boom to bo In tho llmollght on the
Island those days,, A nice occupation
has been found for His Mnjosty
Goorgo V. forcos (ohlnk scab herders).
Wonder it they'll ,tack that on their
colors. (McBrldo will bo coming
around shortly hollering about his
Whlto B. 0. Thoy should confer a
dukedom on him noxt). .
•Mr. T. MoKolvIo nnd Miss McKolvlo
woro Fernlo visitors Sunday.
A fow Hosmor Mooho strayed Into
Fornlo Monday and took a fow cap-
tlvos with them for Initiation, Jim-
my'B getting to bo qulto nn export
with his horns.      .
Joo Goorgy* nn old tlmo Tlosmnrltp,
pulled out for Cnnmoro during tho
wook. Quito a nuriibor of Hosmerites
aro hiking In that -direction. It's to
bn )wpod thoy find Bomothlng good,
Mrs. Collins, of I'lncher City. Is
spending a fow dnys with hor mother,
Mrs. It. Gourlay, of tho Queen's Hotel.
W» ''bfloo jjIvcti 'l;- l!,i IZ«..4,4X
member* of tho Fornlo XMr.i* of lh"
Loyal Ordor of Moose took placo In
the Opera Houso Wednesday and proved to he an unqualified success. A
largo crowd, of which a considerable
numbor woro Fornloitos, was In nt-
vKiUUuOis  Akt'a te'f-MU'v *   •**ii'i   nU'tO'-yhXim!
evening. During supper Interval short
speeches were given by Messrs. Clar-
Idgo, Morgan and Mlnty on tho objects
of tho order. Tho music was supplied
by the Fernie Moose orchestra and
gave every satisfaction. The commltteo and Uoomcr members -af the
Mooso should bo well satisfied with
thn rmttit of th*!r rffortsr. -ff-hc was a
.Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Fuller left Fri-
dsy last ior ihe coast for a vacation.
Mis* Lily White mu a Fernlo visitor Monday.
1i<wm«r meet Coal Creek In thc
Cll'iit I'UUiul ot lU» 1UU C*t. Ui Ut i>Uv-
«d at Coal Creek Saturday, Awe 30.
The old timers are gradually drifting back to camp. The latest arrival
is James Head, who with his family
landed here on Tuesday from Glace
Harry Brooks has returned to camp
and started running a machine again.
Jim Nearn has got a start running a
motor on afternoon shift.
Jim Sullivan has returned to the
mine as pipeman.
-  Jack Byers ls acting as flreboss on
the afternoon, shift these days.
The smoker held In the dining room
of the Union Hotel by the Burns Club
was a grand success, everybody having a good time. This club was organized a few weeks ago liy some of the
outside men at the Canada West mine.
The officers are D. Hardy, president;
W. Gldman, vice president; and Norman Sowerby, treasurer. The membership fee Is fifty cents and the object of the club'Is to bring its (members together once in a while when
they can fling dull care aside and have
a good time. '■
The secretary is busy this week distributing the new buttons.
Our old friend J. Porter, from Michel, has started work at the newfuntil
Block Mine north of town.
The Taber Hotel proprietors are
having a new steam heating plant Installed. This building has been newly
painted outside, and In this season,
which has improved its appearance
The flower show held by the Taber
Horticultural Society in the Curling
Rink on Thursday was a big success.
There were 38 exhibitors and 266 exhibits. The judges were Mr. Fairfield,
of the Dominion Experimental Farm,
and Jlr. Terrill, of the Terrill Floral
Co., of Lethbridge. Mrs. Dr. Hamman
captured the special prize of $25 for
the best exhibition of sweet peas and
garden flowers. The prize for the
best collection for children went to
Sylvia Hamman, and second prize to
Harold Hammon. The prize given for
the best residence grounds in town
was awarded to Dr. Hamman, with ex-
mayor Beck second.
The I. O. O. ,F. turned out last Sunday to the funeral of their late brother
George McCallum, who was drowned
in Lethbridge while bathing in the
lake. The service wasjheld JnJCnox,
"Church by Rev. W. F. Mahaffy.
for Gleichen, where he has accepted a
position as principal of that school.
So far nothing definite can be said
as to whether the school here will
open or not, at least no message of
encouragement along these lines has
been received.
Mr. J. M. Wagget, the popular~Mar£
Twain lecturer, is in the Pass this
week and is delighting the audiences
with his fun and humor. He will be
in Blairmore Opera House on next
Friday night and everybody should
hear him.   '
Mr. Palmer, the moving contractor,
has been 'moving a building in Blairmore during the past week.
Word has been received that the
three students' from the local scliool
who tried their first year high school
examinations have all past. They are
Miss Janet Nlcol, Masters Ernest and
Alva filals.
Miss Berry, of Medicine Hat, Ib visiting Mrs. Mark Drumm for a week or
two previous to tlie opening of school.
A special train arrived In town on
Monday evening, bringing aibout eighty
geologists to our town. They had met
from all over the world at their convention in the States and are now taking in the important sights of Canada.
After they arrived at the station they
marched to the Rocky Mountain Sanatorium led by the bagpipes, where
they were banqueted and entertained
after midnight, when the train
left for the west.
Mrs. Knolton, of Lethbridge, arrived in town on Wednesday and is the
guest of Miss Simpson.
Some of the* boys in this camp
would make good husfiands. They are
to be seen carrying tbe babies from
the station and performing other paternal duties.   Oh you kids.
The Bellevue Band gave an open air
concert on Sunday night.
Mr. Arthur Kelley, who has been
away from camp for some time, returned again on Tuesday. He expects
to be able to take charge of the new
school about the first of September.
The stork has again visited this
camp and left a fine daughter to Mr.
and Mrs. Radford on Tuesday last.
Sir. Human Varley Is busy putting
up a wash house at the back of his
Mr. J. MacPhail Waggett delivered
his popular lecture on Mark Twain hi
the Workers' Hall on Monday night
and drew a fair crowd. Those who
heard it pronounced it the best enter-
tadnment ever put on lu Bellevue.
Mr. R. Suttie blew in last week
from Vancouver Island where he has
been taking part in "the strike. He ad-
vised all miners to keep away from
the Island.
Matthew Huddart and Roy Reynolds
were Fern-ie visitors over the week
N. F. Young, of Frank, was up on
Monday eight to take in the Mark
Twain lecture.
Mr. W. J. McGowan was a Bellevue
visitor on Tuesday.
J. C Anglin, of Hillcrest, preached
in the Methodist Church on Sunday
E. C. Young was a visitor on Monday representing The District Ledger.
♦ ♦♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ .     ♦
■*$►♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Owing to the forty per cent. Increase in business at the North Lethbridge Co-operative Store, tenders
have -been called for to enlarge the
store, the contract being let to Hans
Matson, contractor, of Lethbridge, and
work commenced on Monday the 18th
Why don't tho workers of Loth-
bridge and district get wise and join
the North Lethbridge Co-operative
Store—tho store for the working
-There ls somo talk of trying to got
one of the football teams from the
West to play against the Lethbridge
Callles at the Labor Day sports 'here.
W. Graham, District Vice President,
was at tho regular meeting on Wednesday, 13th Inst,, and was Introduced
to a few of the members. Glad to seo
you, Bill; hope you come often.
Saturday bolng pay day, the llun-
garlans hold thoir usual dance In tlie
Miners' Hall, everybody having a good
Joe Donota and Jim Cano aro giving
a dance on Saturday tho 23rd last., in
tho Minors' Hall; everybody welcomed
feo $1.00 each, ladleB free.
John Tnmaskl, a drlvor at No. 6
mino, got his fingers smashed with a
fall of coal, and will bo off work for
a fow days.
iMlss Nelllo Donley, of Stirling, Is on
a visit here, and Is staying for a few
days with Walter Vero, her unci©.
Mrs. Walter Vero has gono oh a vis-
It to Tabor for a few days to hor Ulster, Mrs. J. W. Turner,
♦ ♦
The fishing tournament in connec- -*+. .p. +■
tion .with Labor Day celebrations is to
be conducted as follows: Only members of the Local Union to compete.
Time of contest, from Tuesday, 26th
August, to Tuesday, 2nd September,
closing 5 p.m. Announcement of prize
winners to be made at the meeing of
the Local Union on the 2nd September
at 7.30 p.m. The prizes are to be for
the first and second largest of the following species: Lake trout, lst prize
$3.00/ 2nd prize $2.00; rainbow trout,
lst prize $3.00; second prize $2.00;
speckled trout, 1st prize $3.00, second
prize $2.00; "bull trout, lst 'prize $3.00,
second prize $2.00; grayling, lst
prize $3.00; second prize $2.00. Keen
'inTeresT^i^displayed^lready, as we
have a number of men aspiring for
honors and an interesting week is anticipated -'by local fishermen.
A free picture show will be given on
Labor Day in .the.afternoon and evening. Children and those tnothers and
ladies who desire are invited to the
afternoon performance, and adults in
the evening. Mr. Furnell ls already
showing once a week to a crowded
hall and the Local Union takes this
opportunity to invite everybody lo
something good.
John E. Smith, District President,
was a visitor hero on Saturday, also
N. D. Thachuk, District Board "Member for this sub-district. They only
stayed a fow hours and the Local F.x-
ecutlve have been busy thing out a
scheme whereby they can he kept here
a bit longer,
Secretary A. J. Carter also gavo us a
flying viBlt on Sunday, but got away
after a brief stay of about ono and a
half hours. However, both promised
to he back In a week's time and we
hope they will.
Tho Band have an engagement In
Banff on September 1st, playing for
an excursion of Calgary Electrical
Workors Union,
Harry Lang left tho mlneB to take
nn outfit of tourists through the
mountains. .    ■ "
•was a spare pulley wheel which he
could see at No. 6.
The regular pay day on the 16th of
August proved another disappointment
in Coalhurst—just a rehearsal of July
pay day. The men all went as customary to draw their pay and encountered
the notice of wait until Monday, boys.
Excuse: nraney delayed, etc. We have
lots in the bank and all the rest of It,
but instead of the boys being a little
vexed they were cranky and didn't
feel liko chewing the rag but felt like
doing something to try and prevent
these little delays, etc., and nt the
regular meeting Sunday passed, at resolution that nobody would work Monday or until, the pay was handed out.
Just a few went out to see if there
was anything doing Monday morning.
Perhaps some of the boys did not
know what had been done at the meeting, some living a long way out. These
mon turned back as soon as they did
savvy the trick. We also had a
hunch an odd ono or two who would
do the black-leg stunt if the chance
came their way. These one or two will
not hurt '.much any way. The mine
was idle and the boys had a good
chance to get their pay without any
rush and do their business with satisfaction. We hope that pay day will
come more often after this and on
the proper day without delays from
Jack the hugger wants to watch
himself as the boys are on his trail.
The  married   men  are also  putting
(For other Camp News see page 4)
—We carry exclusive agency-
Made of P & V Leather
Big Bargains in Shoes for July
Mr. Tom Williams has roturnod
from the Unltod States, whoro ho has
boon workMK slnco Inst fall.
MrB. Wilcox's filHter from Manitoba
Is at present visiting hero,
Mr. A. Brown, who Is working in
Conl Creek mines, spent Sunday with
hl« family here.
A parly of four attended tho Summer School at Pincher Crook last
week and spent Hoveral days. Thoy
woro 'Misses U Blals anil M. Slmpuon,
Messrs.  II. D.  McKay and p\ T,
tl«>v, fl.
It. TTurmMn, nerrplnry erf iiii'
Mrs. J. R. McDonald wns a Blalrmoro visitor on Saturday night.
5,rr. Walter Mills was In Fernie on
important uusIdosb on Saturday and
Sunday, returning ngaln on Sunday
Mrs. J. D. McDonald and MIbb NV
vlns wero taking In tho Bights In
Blalrmoro on Saturday night.
Bofo Lovltt represented tho Bellevuo Athletic Association at the Longuo
mooting on Saturday hold nt Hlllcrost.
Tho local team wont,to Hlllcrest on
Saturday to play a friendly gamo of
football wtthtJio Hlllcrest hoys. Tho
proceeds of the namo. woro for tho
bonoflt of Mr. Denver who has beon
»lck for some months. Tho Bollovuo
Band also went over to take part In
tho gamo nnd make It a success. Tho
result ended 1-0 In favor of Hlllcrest,
Mrs. Wilson, of Calgary, Is visiting
In camp, t.ho guest of Mm. 13, W. ChvU-
tlo. Sho Intends staying a few days
boforo returning lo her home In Calgary.
oaiuruwy wa« Jmj u«y «t t«« Uelie-I
rue mliiva nu& IbiDX:* iii'v iJixily J*h'«-j
I. O. O. F. There was a large gathering at the School House to celebrate
the opening of the Local Lodge, No.
105, on the 12th of August. Owing to
the misfortune of G. M. Hill Fairley's
partner, who is at present undergoing
an operation in the Calgary hospital.
P. G. M. E. Foster Brown, of Macleod,
officiated in his stead. , There was a
large staff of assistants. Among these
were D. D. G. M. Wm. Randall, Diamond City; D. D. G. M. R. B. C. Thorn-
son, Lethbridge;' G. M. J. A. Tulley,
Calgary; P. G. M. T. B. Davidson
Lethbridge; P.. G. Bradshaw, Leth-
P. G. R. Frache, Grand Forks: 1». G.,
H. C. A. Stewart, Ma-ilood: P. G. 1).
Macneil, P. G. S., Purvis, Maritime
Province. The following were appointed: P. G„ Donald Macniel; officers: N. G.,' E. W. Buchanan; V. G.,
John D. Keith; treasurer, Harry Vil-
lenvue; R. S., George H. Benson; F.
S., Frank Barringham.
The Degree Team journeyed from
Lethbridge, who put on the work in
great style. There was not a hitch In
any of the work, the ceremony being
very improsslvo. At seven o'clock
supper was served for the visitors,
which was highly appreciated, Then
the degree teams prepared to trim the
now brothers in the mysteries of Oddfellows. At 11.30 lunch was provided
for new and old members ln tho
School Room, whoro over one hundred
partook of an enjoyablo meal, thanks
to tho kind and liberal way tho refreshments wero provided, also many
thanks to the ladles who gavo such
liberal assistance. Spnco is too
small to Illustrate tho speeches given
by the Grand Masters, but many hints
were given which will remain In the
'hearts of hoth young and old. Tho
I/odgo opened with a membership of
forty-one; some say that boforo tho
new year ■comes it will incroaso threo
fold. Good wishes and may your Lodgo
bo crowned with success and good fellowship.
The Letlvbrldgo *hoy» wero sorry to
lose tho refreshments they brought
with thorn. Don't kick, boys, as Odd-
follows must bo charitable.
Dr. Stowart, M. P„ says that lit Inst
the Government nro considering tho
petition of Incorporation of Coalhurst.
Hurrah! "Tho wheels of tho mill
grind Blow but suro."
A remark was tnadn by ono of tho
•brothers that If he had to put a can
on anything to secure his pay there
Wc cany a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
-JHione-tOS :
"The Store the People Own"
You   Want More Every Day
There's only   one  way  to make sure  of
getting more of those things
CO-OPERATE to get them
got into the
The Biggest that's ever Happened
in Blairmore
Lord'* Day Alllaneo for Alberta nnd ly around this enmp.
Saskatchewan, was In town on Wod« Mr*. Geo. Copeland. ot IHiraiU. wa»
neiday nud delivered an address In vlsltlwr in camp on Saturday,
nialiroore Jlaptlut Church that nluht. Mrs, John Hutton left camp on Sat*
Miss Dubois, aged eighteen years, urtay for h*r Ivom* in Scotland.   Sh«
Ti***tirt  mny  on »iiiurday morning Intends returning again Jn Ui« Ml or
last. On Sunday afternoon tho fnner*
nl was hold, the service being conducted by lUsv, Father Delestro, of Colo-
man, when a lanw crowd of frlonds
nnd relatives followed tho body to the
lilalrmore cemetery.
Mr. \V. J, McGowan hns mowed from
the house formerly occupied by him
to the ruuuu ovtu' bin tum**» Imil.liiii*
on th$ new townsite.        i
Miss flradlsb, the auric st the local
hospital, left here last week for Tt. C„
where she l» sswndlns tier holidays.
Mr. H. ft*. McKay,, who tat dam*
splendid worjc In lh« public school
bete *t i>rln«*)|w»l anil teacher for the
«arly next spring
lir. Harry Peary ls now boarding
with Mrs. Morrison on lh« Conley' side
of Ui© town.
Mr. N'oble McDonald, who left here
a short time »«o for W» home In N. i
8., intends getting married beforo mk
turning to etimp.   Mr. McDonald will
be ocoipyims »»" rn-*t iimim at Maple
Uaf when he returns to camp.
The officers and »Mnb-en« of Ibe
fldlcrae Hand would be much oWfRCil
if tbo boy» at^ «lrt* th!*t **"»♦ to
fc*ar Hh# *>»** -so S«s<i*y »j!*M irtwJJ
do l<»ss tnnnlns around aiwf mntr* M*f
mite, then evoryone would baV« *
Values Lost Sight of
*^.iit^-99.im^^^vf».r^. .^^.-^w^*^^
Prices Smashed to Fragments
Values Beyond your Greatest Expectations
past two years, li Itavte* on Friday chance to *nj«>' tbe mtt|f«.
REMEMBER!   It's the F. M. THOMPSON CO., that reduces
the high cost of living. Visit the store and see how much
for how little wc can do for our patrons.
Phone 25
Victoria St
Blairmore, Alta. PAGE SIX
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba. Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and In a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be  leased   for  a   term   of   twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of Jl an acre.
rot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasea
to one applicant. *,
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agont of the district in
which tbn rights applied for are situated.
Ir: surveyed territory the land must be
dtf.-.Tibed by sections, or legal sub-divi-
Blocs of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked oiu by the applicant himself.
Each apllcation must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise.- A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating tlio mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpny tho royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights aro not being operated, such
returns should bo furnished ut least
once a year,
Tho loaso will Include tlie conl mislng
rights only, but tho lessen may be permitted to purchasu whatever uvallublo
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of tho mine
»t the rato of $10.00 an acre.
For full Information application
Bhould be made to the Secretary of the
Department of tho Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
.-. W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister or tho Interior.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid fnr.
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's Drug Store)
Phone 121
8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals tliat taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton, Proprietor
Rent ?
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
4ttL.9m*.*Mm49 9&tm9 AM.  *Bk».   ^tt ^%»-*>^*,W-P
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
The Prevention of
Industrial Accidents
By William H. Doolittle
From a paper read before the National
Convention   of  the   Metal   Trades,
With the advance or natural science
has come the discovery and demonstration of certain constant, invariable
rules of being which have been termed
laws. Natural law 1s the antithesis of
luck and chance. Law is regular and
invariable; luck is irregular and erratic. Law has^een proved by research
and investigation; luck is without
foundation. Modern science discovers
law;; but disowns luck—only luck. Only the unprejudiced and dispassionate
are competent to formulato laws; a superstition may bo started by any designing person who can impose on the
credulity of others.
Luck and chance belong to an age
when man groped in darkness to find
principles. Fortunately lor posterity
the inquiring mind of man, temporarily
niiretl in tho slough of .superstition,
has' been persistent in Its quest of
knowledge. Progress has been imped-
eu, but not prevented. Every common
human experience must in the end
yield to analysis, and the results of
analyses, systematized and formulated, are the foundation of general
truths, or laws,
Alchomy has given way before the
development of chemistry, astrology
has been superseded by astronomy. In
every instance where like conditions
or causes have been found to produce
like effects a law lias been promulgated. The laws of gravitation, centrifugal force, expansion of gases, etc., are
considered basic and fundamental, for
the reason that no deviations from
Lnem 'have ever been observed.
The prevention of industrial accident's .by means of -charms, incantations and mascots always has been
and ever must be a lamentable -failure.
The application of scientific principles
to accident prevention has met with
A comparison of available statistics
indicates that time, energy and
■thought expended in this way have
been the means of greatly reducing
both the cost and the number of accidents,
A reduction of 29 per cent, on a division of an immense railway system,
of over GO per cent, in the .mills of
some of the great steel companies, and
of more than 73 per cent, in proportion
to the number of operatives in one of
the 'largest industrial plants are results that must appeal to both humanitarians and financiers. In all of these
instances the results were accomplished by systematic efforts. ■
■ Some of the essentials of accident
prevention work 'may be enumerated
(b) Careful and continual inspection of the premises where workmen
are employed.
(c) Investigation or the causo of
each accident; and recording and tabulating the same.
(d) The study of the causes of accidents which occur in like industries
and under similar conditions elsewhere.
(e) The installation and maintenance, wherever posslwe. of mechanical
safeguards and safety appliances.
(f) The education of the workman
as to the dangers of his occupation
and the best means of avoiding accidents in connection with his work.
(g) Securing the co-operation of
tlie workman in the efforts of the employer to provide safety and prevent
In accident .prevention work, as in
every field of human endeavor, it pays
lo start right. Investigate -the subject
first*of all. Get ln touch with the
safety movement. Get the safety spirit. Learn what others aro doing. Time
spent in this way is spent most profitably.
Accident prevention may not ihe accomplished without Inspection. In-
premium on carelessnes and to promote accidents. Every accident is capable of analysis, and in nearly every
case tho cause may be located. This
should be done, and a record, kept for
future guidance. Such statistics, carefully kept, are of great value.
Every man who has the safety of his
employes at heart, and every workman
who 'desires Industrial safety for 'himself and for his fellow, workmen, will
give attention to happenings outside of
his own plant. Machines and methods
are iproved to be dangerous by observing their operation and the results in
different localities. The larger the
field covered the more valua'ble will be
the data gathered. Circular saws, for
instance, cut, kick and kill in the same
way in every part of the world. A serious accident may not have happened
in a particular shop in all of its history, but this circumstance does not
constitute an excuse for neglect. No
plant, no industry, no locality, is immune from accidents. The most successful safety engineers profit by the
experience of others.
There are many dangerous features
of workshops thatr.may be made safe
by means of machine guards. It is important that set screws, gears, deadends and all other man-killing parts
of machinery be covered, enclosed or
eliminated for the same reason that
wild beasts are shut up or shot. All
of this may bo done without in the
least cutting down the output of a fac-
as follows:
(a) The setting aside of time for
the investigation of the subject of accident prevention.
persons who 'have a technical and
practical knowledge of dangerous
places. Inspection should be made by
every -person- in the plant, particularly
in the locality in which he is employed. Inspections should be frequent-
conditions change constantly.
When an accident happens the first
thing to (be done after caring for the
Injured person is to investigate the
cause in order to prevent its repetition. I take issue with those persons
who declare that "accidents jiN» happen." Such a statement is not much
more than an effort to evade responsibility. It is an unfounded and pernicious statement, tending to put a
tory— indeed it tends to add to the output -by giving' the workman a sense of
security. It ia not enough, however,,
tliat safety devices be installed; they
must be maintained. Some one must
see to it that safeguards are both kept
in order and in place. If for the exceptional job a guard must be 'removed, it should be immediately replaced.
No workman should enter a dangerous occupation without being made to
give strict attention to the dangers
connected wilh it. lie should be made
to do this for- his own protection and
for the sake of his fellow workmen
who may be Injured as a result of his
lack of precaution.
Every employer is morally responsible for the safety of his employes just
so far as he, by exercise of his author-
ity, may prevent their being injured.
Nor is it entirely an ethical question;
it is not profitable to the employer for
his workmen to bo injured, Aside from
the humanitarian aspect of the question, in a general way, physical injuries to the workman' mean financial
loss to the employer. Therefore, for
reasons, ethical, humane and economic,' the employer "should instruct and
warn the workman of danger. No task
should be imposed which, in its performance, will endanger the life or
llmi) of the workman. Workmen may
be warned by word of mouth, by the
judicious use of signs distributed
ahout the plant and by literature.
Warnings must be persisted in, otherwise they are of no avail. Many workmen are naturally careless, many others view with suspicion efforts that
have the appearance of altruism.
Every possible effort should 'be
made to secure the'eo-operation of'the
workmen in the safety movement; for
progress in accident prevention beyond a certain point is utterly impossible,;^ the opposition or indifference
of the workmen to this important work
is not overcome. c
In conclusion I may affirm that luck
as a factor in accidents is always more
or less under the control of man; that
both good and bad luck are produced
hy the operation of,natural forcer;
that these forces move according to
well-defined rules, or laws; ahd that
men are lucky or unlucky just In pro-
portion to their understanding of these
spections should be thorough, in order that nothing dangerous may be
orerlooked. They'should inall cases
be made 'by competent and practical
It has been frequently said that the
greedy exploiter is the greatest enemy of the working class. But while
it may be said with considerable truth
that the avaricious employer does everything within 'his power to retard
the advancement of labor, and while
he may be considered as an enemy to
the class that he exploits, yet, there is
a greater enemy than the most ravenous employer, and that enemy is Ignorance. „ Capitalism' never won a strike.
Capitalism cannot be accused of scab-
bery and strike breaking. It is only
the men of labor who are the scabs
and strike breakers, and who aid In
the defeats of the aims of organized
We never see a princely merchant,
banker or mining magnate at the
throttle of an engine- hauling scabs
and strike breakers to usurp the places of men who aro making a brave
fight for better economic conditions,
but wo do find the engineer clad in
the livery of labor,—the man who belongs to tho working class and usually
with a card in his pocket—hauling to
places of conflict the Hessians who
havo become traitors to labor and
traitors to themselves. When the state
militia are called out to break a strike,
who are the men who wear the uniforms of the soldiers? *• Are they capitalists, bloated bond-holders, or are
they men whose hands have been
hardened by manual toil?
When tho police force of a city are
ordered to beat down strikers, who are
struggling .for a shorter work-day and
a paltry increase in wages, to what
class do these men belong, who use
the club and the pistol to awe and intimidate slaves who aro waging a
bloodless rebellion against the despotism of mercenary pirates, whose
hearts are frozen to the rights of common .humanity?
' Through ignorance the police force,
the state militia and" the federal, soldiers—all made up of laboring men—
are fighting the battles of capitalism,
to keep the class to which they belong
in subjection. •
Capitalism could win no victories
were it not for the ignorance of tbe
working class, who fail to see that
capitalism is using labor to keep labor in slavery. Whenever the (laboring men of this nation, as a class, can
see the infamy* of the hellish industrial system under which we groan in
misery and poverty, the end of capitalism is at hand, and economic freedom
will then become the heritage of all
Stephen Walsh, a labor member of
the British House of Parliament, has
introduced a bill providing for the government ownership of mines. The
chief provisions include on appointment of a day on which the state shall
take over all the *eo^I mines and minerals; compensation to he paid to all
who have bona fide money invested
but no compensation to be paid to roy
alty owners. Of course, the bill has
no-chance for passage, but it has attracted considerable attention.
A resolution declaring three cents'
the legal rate of fare '.on Detroit
street railway lines on which, franchises have expired, was submitted to
the franchise committee of the City
Council on August 2/by Mayor Marx.
On August 4 the committee approved
the resolution.
laws and their disposition and ability
to live and act in harmony,with them.
—The Coal and Coke Operator and the
Fuel Magazine.
The Situation
in Michigan
The strike situation in the copper
mines of Michigan has changed but
little since the last Issuo of The Miners' Magazine. The strikers are standing firm, determined that better, conditions must prevail ere thoy will con-
.sent to go back to the mines. The
mine operators have sent their agents
Into all of Uio largo cities of the country to supplant tho men with whom
thoy lmvo oven refused to hold a conference, Tho proposition of the govornor that wmmltteos of flvo from tho
mine operators and miners should
meet to arbitrate differences, was
scornfully rejected by tho mine barons, nnd it Is tho opinion of tho strikers that whon tho governor proposed
AUbutin* is ass.
ily applied.   All
you nsed lo help
you is cold water
and *» fist brush.
AUbutlns  walls
make tht horns
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful. It will
wall like kalio*
mine. Baeauia
it is a cement, il
vrillhardenwUh ■
age, become l
part ofthe wall |
Receive The Ledger don't blame us,
Watch the date of tha expiration el
your subscription which Is printed on
tht tarns label conUlnlnj your address, i
An Alabattine will can
be recosttd without removing the old cost.    Alibattine
walls are lha moiteanitsry. They.
are hygenie. No insect or dltease (
term un live in an Alabaillna wall.
Alabtitine one room, asd you'll
want them all Alabastihed.
Church Cold Water
Dro^lnendleluijJiowjroubeau. 4<fc
■ii.*** ***b}k»«.* vl <Wu**«U(lt *4*,Ulk,
'•l«t us show how lo |tt beautiful
AUbitiJne Stencils abtoluttly free.
With them you can te.
eomplith any derirtd
color schemt.you can
make your home
thnrmhg  «t a
uodertte coil.
Hardware - Furniture
such a plan with a view of bringing
about a probable, settlement of the
strike, that he was cognizant-of the
fact, that die copper kings of Michigan
would spurn his proposition. Had the
governor told these haughty and arrogant despots that unless they showed
a willingness to meet the representatives of the strikers, that tho state
militia would bo withdrawn, credit
would Hiavo been given to the governor
of sincerity In his apparent effort to
bring About peace between employer
and employe. But the governor accepted the ultimatum of tho mine ownors .without 'making any further move
towards bringing about a settlement,
and tho conviction has fastened Itself
In tho minds of the strlkors that the
•mnn whom the .people of Michigan
liavo honored with tho offlco of chlof
magistrate Ib -merely'a puppet who
obeys a dictum of a master class.
Tho County Commissioners last
woelc empowered the shorlK to swear
In six hundred deputies to bo used In
nldlng the mino ownors to resume op-
oration*,. Thoso deputies have already
been branded by tho strikers aB the
"hired tlnigs" of the mining corporations, and as tho sheriff has shown by
his -many wots that ho Is the chattel ot
tlio mining corporations, 1-V Jb reasonable to presumo that the "hlrod thugs"
In the name of "law and ordor" will
booomo lawbreakers nnd rosort -to ovory *poclon or Infamy, to polsouft tho
public mind ngalnst tlio mon who are
waging a lawful imttlo against tho despotism of n coppqr ollgaj'cliy that In
blind nnd heartless to human rights.
During the early part of last wook
.Walter 11. I'almer enterod the copper
district to mako sn Investigation of In-
(hiHtrlal conditions, Palmer Is a federal official, and, during tho stormy
day,** In Colorado, Palmer surveyed
conditions ln tho Centennial State. Tha
work which ho wrote ou tho labor war
In Colorado was suppressed for the
ro;moi\ that Palmer told too much
truth to win the approval of tho cor-
porum Caesars who uhwj the armed
ja/iu-c tf*. a axil: in tjivah Villi tiliikun,
"Mother" Joikmi, lhat dauntless and
fearless heroine who kept allvo tho
couMRo of the strikers of Went Virginia and who was hold a prisoner by
tlio mllltnrv niilhorlHen for *t*v»>rnl
months, entered the state of Michigan
last week to chkr the strikers on to
Though "Mother" .Tones has passed
tho four-score mile-post, yot her heart
itlll bests as strongly for the rlfthtu
of mnn itt whpn th* tirt* of youth flashed in ber eye, and ere the strike has
boromn ft -matter of history thn mlnw
operators of Michigan will know that
a. woman with Spartan courage can
keep alive within the breast of .revolt
ing slaves the glorious flame of freedom's purest Inspiration.
The battle In Michigan must be won.
Fifty thousand men, women and children are involved in the strike and the
sinews of war are needed to care for
the men, women ana children who
have rebelled against industrial slavery.
The fight in Michigan ls not only
the fight of every member of the West-
cm Federation of Miners but It Is the
fight of every man and woman who
stands beneath the folds of labor's
flag. If tho miners of Michigan are defeated, uulonlsnv will be crushed ln
the copper district and years of effort
will be required to again stimulate
mon to come together In the battle for
a higher and grander civilization. The
labor bodies throughout this continent
are urged to keep in mind the battle
that Is being fought, m Michigan and
to'remember that 50,000 people are In
revolt against economic slavery.
Send all donations to Ernest MIHb,
(505 Railroad building, Denver, Colorado.,,
Governor Sulzer, upon indorsing the
woman suffrage petition to the United
States Senate, was quoted as saying:
"I am now and always have been aiid
always expect to be in favor of granting women the .same political rights
that men possess.    There should be
:j|Q=«hrJjrJcy*amojiT=in=.+U(j=TTniited States*
of the political rights of women just
because they are women'"
SEPT. 15 TO 21 1913 «—
mL^F ^m^± __W___f^__t-^ -^Mte^^    m^M^B **■■ MIH^.
oniions oifft?
auwBKtv tret* couom. eu*»t» coioa,
It Is up to Govornor Hatfield, to
decide a question, which, ln theory, at
least, goes to the life of tho minors'
organization 4n the New Illver coal
field. Tho commission appointed to
decide grievances arising between tho
operators mmd tho -minors havo boon
unable to reach a conclusion In tho
matter, and tho question goes u,p to
tho govornor us umpire. It is expected thnt a'decision .will bo readied today or tomorrow.
Tlio question Is ono of Jurisdiction,
nnd Brows out of tho refusal of Uici
oporators In certain Instances to permit tho orgnnlzod miners , to hold
jneotlngs on tho companies' promises.
Tnoro nr© othor grievances, but. this
Jh the chlof, Tho compnnlos own
pnlcttoilly nil tho land ln Iho coal
field And if nil tho companies were to
pursue the policy of tho fow, thoro
would soon ho no organization. Tho
operators contend that tho commls*-
alon lias no Jurisdiction In tho matter, nnd ponding a settlement of tlio
question of Jurisdiction, action on
tho other questions is suspended.
The Issue'
Tlio operator* ftontend thnt th«
commission can decide onJy such
iiutiaUuti* as tu'iiw uiiiler Uio ltn.t (ive
upwlflcatlons of tho New River agreement—those provldlnR for a nine-
hour dny, a semi-monthly par day,
chockwoighhien,    rolnstatomont    of
tth»ti   nnrt  tlio.  *r\tA\l  nt r,vf\Tilnyt*<*t*  in
buy goodg whore thoy choose. The
miners clti) section 7 of the ogreomont
In support of their tiontention thnt tho
■corfmrission has Jurisdiction to consider all grievances—this section providing in so many words, "that all grievances of every kind and character
mull ho referred to said board as -mentions! fitx>v«v and that ftaid bonttl
should rend or tx decision in aU cases
within 10 days,** etc
The eovpraor** decMoa in the matter Is nwnJt-M with tw»at interest, «#■
!»clally by th© mlnew, who believe
«h*ir orraRimtion H on tritl to* H«
life. Thr-v fw»!F*v#, however, that
tbrtr case h a dear one, and tlmt tho
d«efiion in iho matter will vlndientff
4M, contentions
International Polo
Daily Game* bttween Canadian
and Amorlcan Tsami
$35,000 in Premiums &
Competition open to the World
The First National
Indian Congress
Approved by U, S, Government
72d Sooforth Ht&Uandora Band
"Custor'a Lost Fi&ht" NMttly
A thrUllnh reproduction of thlifimouii
battlo with 500 IiuUtiu and 000 Soldiers
Firoworka Display Every Ni&Ht
Individual Farm Exhibit Prizes
$20,000 Race Pro&ram
^      . .9*1 .    IS    il ,
914.-*.,* 9*999*4* VIM j)
Dairymen's Mooting Thursday
Broadsword Bnttlcson Horseback
C, For Illustrated Dally Prqftram and
tv,. „,»..*.„ t •,.   .11.,., It,* nr...,*... ,/»
Commerce Buildup u Spokana, Wash.
Cemetery Notice
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with the undersigned.
Funeral Directors
John A. McDonald
Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Go. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware —-Furniture-
We will furnish your house from cellar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phone or
Wire.     All   orders  given   prompt attention,
Coleman, ■        Alta.
If you are satisfied tell others.   J f not satisfied tell .us
$1.00 in Cash for Six
To every Child (boy or girl) who
secures us Six paid-up Subscribers
during the month of August we will
pay the sum of $1.00
This competition closes on Sept.
1st, and all subscriptions should be
In by that date.
TJo tlio first child to seud in G paid-up aubscrip*
tions wo will supplement tlio dollar bill with
A Handsome Nickel Watch
"Wn waul lhti "fe'iv/itij-ui-f" to [Aay Uk, and i£
tliey must butt-in to help the youngsters.
Now, get n hustle on nnd round up subscribers
—-XV6 wnnt 'em nil.
Write very plainly nnd address all l^our communications to
"The Editor"
District Ledger
You cnn got ai many Subtcrlbort at you
like and oarn all tho Dollar Blllg you caw THE DISTRICT LEDOEE, FERNIE,   B. 0, AUGUST 23,1913
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Garosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in .
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Nowhere In the Pats can be
found In such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish-, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" l.ard, Sausages,
Welnera and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone SO
For our Foreign Brothers
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay t*»
Nella Copper County continua • ad
iirfuriar Jo sciopero dei 15 mila minatori che lavoravano prima nella miniere da dame di quel distretto. Ad
onta che gli scioperanti mantengano
un contegno calmo e dignitoso,. le
truppe non sono state rlchlamate ancora. Per il loro m'antenimento vengo-
no spesi ogni giorno oltre 13 mila dol-
La compagiiia, clie e una delle piu
porfide e sfruttatrici degli Stati Uniti,
ha nuovamente dicliiarato che non ce-
dera a nessuna domanda degli scioperanti.
Questi ultiml, sereni e tranquilli,
son decisi a non tornare a lavoro se
non verranno migliorate le meschinis-
slme loro -condizioni.
E' una lotta glgantesca, tltanica, dal-
la quale ipero i minatori riusciranno
indubblamente vlttorlosl, perche sono
bene organlzzatl * e megllo direttl da
capl ablll, tenacl e Intelligent!.
Quel gagllardi minatori non -temono
ne le smariassate del soldatl ne l'atteg-
gia/mento ostlle della eo-mpagnla. Essi
sanno dl essere, dal lato della raglone
e fidentl ln un mlgliore avvenire,
slourl della vittoria, certl che i capitalist! dovranno, prlmo o poi, cedere
alle loro -domande, attendono che si
svolgano gle eventl.
E le loro speranze non rimarranno
deluse: Punlone e la solldarieta sono
anni potentl, ln-vinclblll: sono arml
che non .s'fnfrangono, ma die -spez-
zano, al contrarlo, queele del capltal-
rimpiazzato da mille sbirri, tutti avan-
zi di galera,' gente' della peggior ris-
Al momento di anaare in mac-china,
giunge un *telegrara*ma il quale annun-
cia che sono comincati trattativi fra
padroni e minatori per venire ad un
accomodamento. Secondo il dispaccio
in parola, pare che le trattative pro-
seguano in modo sodisfacente e che si
stia per venire a un completo accordo.
Frank Hayes, vice presidente della
United lline Workers of America, il
quale 'trovasl ora nel Xord Colorado
per investigare le condizioni di quello
sciopero miinerario, lia dicliiarato in
tiuesti giornl che se .per il 19 del cor-
rente Agosto non si potra concludere
nessun concordato col padroni dl quel
distretto carbonifero, con tutta pro-
ba/billta verra proclamato lo sciopero
Intanto "mother" Jones — la vener-
enda vecchlerella che ha sem pre lot-
tato e lotta per la causa operaia t-e
giunta sul luogo dello sciopero e colla
convlnc'ente sua parola -invoraggia gli
scioperanti alia resistenza.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
II famigerato sceriffo James Cruse
ha ora sotto il suo comando mlllo s'bir-
ri per ",prevenire comando mille sbirri
per "prevenire-qualsiasi possibile dis-
ordine." 11 Governatore, per riparare
in parte alia fanciullesca sua lmpru-
denza e dimostrai'e che aveva agito iu
buona fede quando invio le truppe nel
Copper County,..ne*.ho fatto ritirare
una buona 'parte. Ma...il posto delle
truppe richiamate e stato prontamente
Amicl e compagni dl lavoro ! Non
dimentlcate die lo sciopero mlnerario
•nel Vancouver Island non e ancora
terminato. Non date Tetta al glornall
■traditorl e buglardi, al soldo degli
sfruttatori, che vorrehbero farvl credere che ogni dlvergenza e stata or-
■mai applanata.
Lo sciopero ' Infuria con maggior
vlgore dl prima. Se volete saper la
verlta riguardo a questo sciopero' gl-
gantesco, leggete attentamerite i gior-
nall unionist!, fedeli alle masse operaie.
'   Guerra, intanto, guerra senza quar-
■tiere ai"vili ed Inumani crumiri!
Dobbiamo proteggere i nostrl intres-
si e quelli delle nostre famiglie, Bis-
ogna vincere ad ogni costo questo scio-
.pero, se non vogliamo incorrere nel
.pericolo di vederci ridQtti in condizioni
ancora 'peggiori di quelle che esiste-
vano prima che si iniziasse la lotta.
In alto i ouori: fede e costanza: la
vittoria non imanchera di arriderci!
Lontani ,per ora, .minatori Itallani.
da Vancouver Island.
Organizzatore U. M. W. A.
Help Your Brothers
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horse* for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commfslon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Lodger" adv. is an
List of Locals District 18
8E C. And P. 0. ADDRRE83
llnnlthood  F, Whoatloy, nanUlioad, Alta.
Braver Creole Wm. Davis, Doavor Creok, via.Pincher, Alto.
Bollovuo James niirko. Hox 3(1, Rrtllavn** Altn
Ulalrraoro...  W, L. Evans, IJIalrmoro, Alta.
Bur-win t. O. Harries, Passburg, Alta.
Carbondalo ,.... J, Mitchell, Cnrbondulo, Coloman, Alta.
Canmore .K,D, Thr.cliuk, Canmore, Alta.
Coleraaa ,,,,. W, Graham, Coleman, Alta,
Corbin ....J. Jonos, Corbin, B. O.
cmriook Mines  W. 11. Hughes, Uhlnoolc, via Diamond City, Alt
Diamond City. j. B, Thornlilll, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
Fornlo Thos. Uphill,,Pernio, B.C. ,
Prank t| Evan Morgan, Pranlc, Alta. !
Hosmer ,,, \V, Baldorstono, Hosmor, B. C,
Hlllcrest,.....,,, Ja». (lordon, Hlllcrest, Alta.
Lothbrtrffe  l.  Sfoo ro, 1731 Sixth Avcauc, N. Uthbrldge.
LrolfjbridBO Col!|erl«s.. Prank narrlngbom, Coalhurst, Alta.
Mnpln Imt,,, , t. 0. Uarrlea, Tiusibui'ti, Alta.
Michel ...,,,,. M, BUttcll, Michel, B. C.
Monarch Mine Wm. Hynd, Elcan P. 0., Taber, Alto.
Passburg. ...*.. T. 0, Harries, Passbnrg, iijta.
Iloyal Vlaw  Geo. Jo dan, Royal Collieries, Lothbrldgo, Alta
T*tw A Patterson, Taber, Alt*
A mighty struggle is on in the State
o£ Michigan. The men of the mines
ior years have borne with patience
the conditions imposed upon them 'by
their economic masters, until -patience
,has_«eaaed-to-be~a. virtue They—have-
used all the means of moral -persuasion to Influence the mining "corporations to recognize human rig'his^vith-"
out avail.   Their reasonable requests
for   humane   conditions   and   an   increase' in wages have been spurned
with contempt by the Industrial czars
of the copper district of Michigan, and
the slaves who delve in the bowels of
tho earth have been merely looked upon as so many machines to produce
dividends   for   that   privileged    few
whose hearts became callous to every
sense of justice as their 'bank accounts
reach colossal proportions,   The miners   of   Michigan   exhausted   every
means to avert a strike.   They longed
for an amicable adjustment ol differ'
ences without resorting to the use of
that last weapon—the strike—to forco
the purse-proud barons of the copper,
mines to recognize the justice of their
demands.    All their' efforts to reach
a peaceful settlement of thoir grievances upon an honorable basis havo
been met with tho muto insolence of
mining magnates to whom profit is
moro priceless than Iho comfort and
woll-'bolng of thousands of mon, whose
lubor has put countless  millions of
dollars Into tlio coffers of a master
class, that oven refuses to recognize
tho right of labor to organize for mutual advancement and protection.
Moro than seven thousand of the
minors of tho coppor district of Michigan lmvo sought sholter undor the
flag of tho WoHtorn Federation of
Miners, and those mon who havo ro-
fused to submit longer to tho tlohu-
mmilzod mandates of soulless masters,
aro oxpoctlng that ovory .mombdr of
tho organi-zivtlon of which they are n.
part, will oxhMiBt ovory enowy In fur«
wishing itho sinews *of war to fight this
battlo for justice to a successful finish. Tlio minors ot'Michigan, cannot
afford to lose this battlo that has boon
forced upon thorn, for dofoat numns
that ovory vostlgo of unionism will ho
oblltorotod from tho copper mining
district of Michigan unless tho striking miners can demonstrate that the
powor*or the labor movoment of this
country cnn measure stool \vlth "pvo-
dutory wealth."
Tho entire coppor mining district of
Michigan is ttctl'iip nnd the rnlnos nro
cloned. Tlio 7,000 minora belonging to
the Wostorn Federation of'Miners
havo struck a blow for living con til.
tions—n-iwl -miners outRid" the union
havo dropped tliolr tools to bocoino
factors In tho battlo against the grocd
ot arrogant doapots,
Moro tlmn 11,000 .minors are Involved In this strlko, and at least 50,000
PCCJ/*.'*'., .','.:...U**»'-tj ^vm.v... ,*..... Kttttsttuiii,
muint hi* enmrt for until tho ■hntilo I?,
won. The local unions of the Western
Federation of Minors throughout tho
whole Jurisdiction should fool that the
minors ot Michigan must   win
ent is urgently requested to render
every aid Within its power until the
banner of unionism waves in triumph
over the copper mining district of the
State ol Michigan. Send all funds to
Railroad building, Denver, Col.—Miners' Magazine.
•point out the defects in the armor of
the laboring people, and urge upon
them' the necessity of closing up the
ranks and bringing about that solidarity in. the industrial and political
realm, which will mean the ultimate
emancipation of the exploited millions.- 'Flowers of rhetoric, without
logic, is but weak food for the mental
digestion of imen and women, who are
panting for economic liberty. That
logic and eloquence that bring the
scattered regiments of labor together
into a mighty army to fight the tyranny of a master class, is the philosophy
that will receive the sanction cf that
intelligent element in labor's ranks,
that is blazing the trail towards an Industrial democracy, where man, woman and child shall be free.—Miners'
Labor Day
In nearly all the prominent cities
and towns of America, Committees are
busily engaged in completing arrango-
monts for the .proper celebration of
that anniversary, known as Labor Day,
There will be vast parades of the
workers who will march to the music
of hrass bands, and thoy' will listen to
the many, orators whoso eloquence will
pay tribute to the achievements which
crown tho efforts of tne 'brawny sons
of toll.
Thoro will ho laudations of the "dignity of labor," rogardless of the fact,
that undor our present industrial system of master and slave, the "dignity
of labor" is but a crude burlesque. The
man who understands the economic
problem, knows that labor can never
dignify man, font that man can dignify
labor, whon tho doors of equal opportunity nro oponod   to  all   humanity,
whon economic freedom bocomoa the
horltago of the rnco.   The sons of toil
ou this annual day of recreation, will
Indulge In various sports and tho victors who win tho various .prizes will
bo -cheered by thoir admirers, 'but If
calm serious reflection Is not Imlulgocl
In by tho men whoso labor producos
tho wonlth of nations, thon, .the celo-
ibrntlon of Labor Day will mark no
■progress In tho movement tliat Is pro-
fluimed to ho struggling for a higher
and grander civilization.   It has boon
tho custom of the majority of labor
orators to indulge In extravagant flat-
tery of tho victories won on tho' Industrial battlefield and to paint glowing
pictures of tho nenr future, whon labor will break the chains of wago
slavery and.bask In tlio sunlight of a
glad tiny, when slavery shall bo no
It Is ■truo that tho >organized move,
mont of labor Iiiih ai!compllKlii)tr,niate.
rial results, but no flattery should bo
Indulged In to numinorluo the working
class Into tlio belief, that gwitw and
moro dotormliiml offorts nro not required, oro ■cniilinllsm Is halted on Its
Invasion upon tlw domain of humnn
rlghtH, Tho lnbor orator while giving
credit, for all that the working class
has accomplished through the organ-
Uod movement, should not forget to
In Memoriarn
August Bebel
The Socialists of the entire world
will learn with regret, though not with
surprise, of the death of that splendid
old German Socialist veteran, August
Beoel, who .passed away yesterday at
Zurich, Switzerland, at the advanced
age of 73. It has been generally known
for a considerable period among most
Socialists that the veteran was in feeble health,, and consequently his demise was not altogether unexpected.
Space and time, at this moment, prevent even the shortest.'revdew of that
wonderful life of struggle, hut in subsequent issues of this journal more extended notice will be given of this
powerful and persistent figure ln the
International Socialist movement. To
fe^v unen is it given to crowd more activity into the allotted space of threescore a.nd ten than this proletarian
champion of the German proletariat,
and, while the Socialists of the world
mourn his departure, their sorrow is
not unmixed with satisfaction, in
knowing tliat the life that has just
passed out is inextricably woven with
the progress of' the greatest cause
man has ever'been privileged to [take
part in. Bebel's work was done,' and
done thoroughly. There remains but
to accord him the usual Socialist funeral—an outpouring of earnest humanity in a public demonstration, never
granted even To German royalty. Then
the name of August Bebel will have
passed into history, with those of his
great contemporaries," Marx, Engels
and Liebknecht, than which no greater fame can be asked or accorded to
any of mankind.—X. Y. Call.
August Bebel died at Berlin on the
13th inst. Outside of Berlin there
•does not seem to have been any knowledge of the failing health of the vetJ
eran leader, but as he had reached
seventythree years of age no surprise
can be felt. He had been for half a
century a leader of the Social-Democratic forces and a conspicuous figure
in the European political world. For
forty years continuously he has had a
seat in -the Reichstag as a Socialist.
ous .for many years. Bebel probably
has reached to near the same height
as the exponent of the Socialist attitude In parliamentary practice and political warfare on behalf of the working class as has Marx as an authority
on the principles of. Socialism." No
ono was more competent than Bebel
tb 'bear testimony to the tremendous
progress which his cause had made in
Germany, and he never .had any
doubts as to the value of the parliamentary course. Ho has seen the Socialist causo outlawed, but still persistent until even Bismarck admitted defeat. Then on till it has become the
most powerful party in the state
It was not ambition, a longing for
power, or any kind of selfishness
which was tho driving forco ln tho
Hfo of August Bebel, for ovon his, op-'
ponents ovor conceded that all his
powers and eri'orts were expended
simply for the welfare .of the workers
of his own land and all lands. Tlie
■proletariat of the world has lost a
leader such as only a great cause
could produce,—Tho Voice.
lie family  remedy   for   Ccvuhj   end Coldi
Bhllob casts .t  little   and does   ro muchl'
Cnpltnl Paid Up
Total Assets\
How's This?
fight, and to do bo ovory mombor of
iSLii    Wan*.'**!.***    i'vXt-tiJi.i'uil   til    iiViUbMi)
must do his duty by Immediately coming to the rescue of tho brothers in
Michigan. An assesamont hns been
levied by the oxocutlvo board of tho
Western Federation of Miners, for the
month of August, and Its prompt pay.
ment by every local ot the organization will speak moro forcibly than
anything aim* thnt tlu> Western Federation of Miners Is standing like a
«f>lld phalanx behind the men of Michigan, until. 1 hey wrest victory from the
clenched grip of their corporate man-
The labor movement of this contln-
Wo offer Ono Hundred Dollnrn Rtv |
ward for any case of Catarrh thnt can
this j uot be cured by Hall's Catarrh Curo,i!
V. -T. ■fMlRNT.Y Kr CO Tolwl^ r>.
We, the undersigned, hnvo known F.
J. Cheney for the Inst IS years, and believe him perfectly bonornblo In all
business transactions nnd financially
nhlo to carry out any obligations made
by hia firm.
Toledo, o.
UalVn Catarrh Cure Jr. taUuu luUriml-
ly, acting directly upon the blood and
mucuons surfaces of the system. Teg.
ttmonlals s'-nt free. Price "5 conts per
bottle.   Sold by all Druggists.
Tak«i Hull'* Family Pills for constipation.
The Saving Habit
XT"ANY pooplo who nro
onrnlng loss thnn you,
and whose iicconfmry expenses oxenod yours, havo
boon saving for years and
**t**i'   }\,\*'rt   ••?.",'.'   *;';\    -:,;;-
fortablo bnnk nccmint«,
Byatematlo Raving was the
foundation of many u
large fortune,
It is a habit thnt is
easily acquired, affording
inoru Hitilalni'Oon and offering larger rewards than
any othor habit that you
could form.
You can open an nc
count In this bank with
ono dollar, and every $ix
months your savings will
b<a credited with tbe highest current Intercut.
Manager,   Fernie   Branch
" I Grow Hair, I Do "
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
* i</W
K;tId at -If, Restored at 30.     Still have it at J5
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A XlCK  FULL HEALTHV head  of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, fre«
from Irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called DandruCf.
SCALES o.V THE SCALP or an itchy Irritation is positive proof your hair
and scalp is in a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the followlnffParastlclai, Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Excema)
and certain to result in absolute baldness unless cured before tho germ
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair is absolutely   unnecessary  and   very   unbecoming:.
ALL DISEASES UV TIIE HAIR fade tiway like dew under my scientific
treatment, and I positic-ly have the only system of treatment soc; far
known to science that is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting' new growth. The hair can be fully restored
to Its natural thickness and vitality on all heads that stil! show fine hair
or fuzz to prove the roots ore not dead.
I HAVE A PEHFBCT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment (WRITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full particulars. Enclose stamp and mention ' this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
^i_IAlHl_nnnn""-» untir d.**..-.****-. ^—
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch
ofit your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. Tliere
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Thoso who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here. '
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors. ■-> SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
$10,000,000       Capital Paid Up        6,925,000
Total Assets      72,000,000
Capital Authorized
Reserve and Undivided Profits ........       8,100.000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,,,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of depovlt.
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, lire a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting small sums of money.   These Orders,
?iynbie without charge at any bnnk in Canada (except in the Yukon
erritory) and in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the following rates t
$0 nnd under    3 cents
Over    5 and not exceeding $10    O
10      " " 30 10
30      •• " 50 15
should t>« mttU by mmi ef oar SPECIAL PORRION DRAPTB and MOKISY
ORDER&   Um*!. wUhcmt d«l*r st maombl* rate*.
I.,;- a   -\   ftHfv, M<i«-.j**»r rrnmr  C-flMtCM
A tl«po»it of om» dollar it efficient to open a navinc* account
wilh the Horns Hank. Tlicrw tito many hundredd of prosperous
•avion* accounts in the Home Hank that ntatt*4 from an original
ilepo-.it of one dollar.    I'ull c*t>M|wuiiJ iutcre-vt allowed. tt.
MtlO orner me
•   il-UNCHU   IN
J, T. MACDONALD, Manager
-".Jf^ -s-jKl
Otir Weekly List of
Ladies' Wear
Ladies' and Misses' Overall Aprons, 50c to 90c each
An attractive showing of Overall Aprons for ladies and misses in plain and fancy colors. They are
finished with plain color trimmings and embroidered trimmings, made of the best English Prints.
Price   50c, 65c, 75c and 90c
10c Pearl Buttons, Saturday per dozen 5c
An Ocean Pearl Button in sizes from 18 to 26,
well finished with two eyes, worth 10c per dozen.
Saturday Special per dozen 5c
$5.00 Broadcloth Skirts, $3.50
Broadcloth Skirts in black and navy, cut in new
styles and trimmed with buttons.
Saturday Special , each $3.50
$4.00 Satin Skirt $2.50
Satiii Underskirts, all the good bright colors, well
made of good quality satin and cut in late styles.
Saturday each $2.50
The very latest styles in new Pall Millinery is
here for your inspection. Our Hats have the style,
coloring and quality found only in the better
grades. The styles represent the newest creations
from New York, Paris, Toronto and Montreal. The
colorings are smart and the values extraordinary.
A glance at our Hats at $5.00 will convince you of
the truth of this statement; Trimmed Hats at from
$5.00 to $15.00
Boxed "Writing Paper, Envelopes, and Writing
Pads at money saving prices.    Real 50c Holland
Linen "Writing Paper, beautiful finish, in correspondence size.
Saturday Special ? per lb. 25c
Envelopes to match above .« per lb. 25c
Large size pad  Irish  Linen  and Roman Flax
"Writing Pad, unruled, with package of Envelopes
to match.
Saturday 25c
Ladies' correspondence size "Writing Paper, unruled, paper creased to fold, and two packages of
Saturday Special 30c
Small size Irish Linen or Roman Flax Writing.
Pads with package of Envelopes to match.
Saturday Special 15c
OUR entire Stock of Sweaters, Sweater
Goats and Knitted Mufflers will be displayed, showing all this season's new ideas
in style and Colors. This will be interesting
to intending purchasers. Our big window will
be devoted to display of new ideas in Sweaters from the famous Monarch
Knitting Co., The Harvey Co.,
Dr. Jaeger Woolen Co., Knit to
Fit Co. These manufacturers
specialize on Sweaters for Men
and Boys.
Men's Sweaters from
Men's Coat Sweaters
Boy's Sweaters
Boys' Coat Sweaters
Men's Knitted Vests
$1.35 to $3.50
2.00 to 10.00
.75 to   2.75
1.25 to   3.00
2.50 to   6.50
Boots and Shoes
Snaps for the children! We have gone through
our stock of Children's Shoes and assorted out all
the odd lines of Slippers and Oxfords, both in tan
and. black.    These goods include all of our best
grades and are special value. Regular price froni
$1.50 to $2.00. Now everythhl; goes for ... $1.00
We will also 'include with these about 100 pairs
of Children's Shoes,in broken lines. Do not miss
this special sale.
Tuxedo Baking Powder, 12 oz.	
Liquid Blue Pts. 2 for
Krinkle Corn Flakes 4pa,
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground^ lbs	
Chase & Sanborn Coffee, 1 lb.	
Canada First Catsup, pts	
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz 2 pa.
Golden Dates, 2 lbs. '.."	
Young Herring in Bullion. 2 for
Robin Hood Flour, 981b. sack	
Cross & Blackwell's Jam, 4 lb. tin	
Tuxedo Jelly Powder, 4: pa	
Mazda Electric Lamps; 40 watts	
Holbrook's Health Salts 2 for
Enos Fruit Salts	
Empire Bacon, heavy, per lb	
Empire Bacon, light, per lb	
, Hani and Beef Loaf ; 2 tins
Mixed Nuts, per lb	
Charlotte Russe Powder, 2 pa	
Custard Powder, large tins	
Electro  Silicon  Powdered Silver Polish,  2
boxes ; ;'-;
Putz Cream Liquid Brass Polish	
, Pure Cane Granulated Sugar, 20 lb. sack ....
White Rose Toilet Soap 6 for
Heintz Tomato Soup, large size	
Bulk Tea, 3 lbs ;	
Okanagan Tomatoes, 2 lb. tins 2 for
Old Dutch Cleanser 3 tins
See our special values in .-School Scribblers and
Exercise Books. Our "BIG" Book at 5c is a great
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
Don't forget that the schools open
next Monday.
The Ladies' Guild of Christ Church
will give a dance ln Victoria Hall on
Labor Day.
Tho Reboknhs will hold their sixth
annual ball in the Victoria Hal! on
September 25th.
All ratepayers are reminded and
should take particular notice that the
27th o£ this month ls the last day upon
which they will be able to secure the
larger rebate on their taxes for 1913.
Mrs. D. M. Perley will receive on
Thursday, August 28th, from 3.80 to
G p.m. at tho parsonage.
Last Saturday was pay day for tho
miners nti'd as work has been protty
steady It was a record pay,sheet.
Dick Marshall knocked out Jim <Mc-
Loan, ot Bull Itivor, in the 8th round
of a keenly -contested bout at Cranbrook last Monday. ,
A train consisting ot 101 cars of coal
and tonuled by ono cnglno (mallet compound)* loft tho Groat Northern yards
on Sunday morning,
Leo John was convicted of bolng ln
possession of opium and soaked $250
or throo months hard labor last Mori-
day. Tlio caso ls down .for appeal on
Soptombor tho llth,
Tlio Main Stroot In Fornlo could do
with a fow hundred load of gravel
whilo a few planks in somo of tho Bide-
walks'may-«avo tho Council from an
notion for damugoB,
■The Macleod nail Toam will bo horo
for tho 1st and It Is said arrangements
hnvo boon mudo for a spoola! to run
for the convenience of Macleod fans
nml roaldontu of tlio Pass,        '
Jack Harrington, who hns Jimt fin-
iHlied a term In tho city Jail, was arrostod on Saturday charged with -stealing a watch und assault, and was
flnod $20 and costs or 30 dayu* hard
-A iwiiiiuiimii nainu.i Lav ul>u was
VltJ up ty n couple of ihtiiis m-sit llit
browory on Saturday evening about 9
o'clock ami, resisting, wan Hhot. Iio
Is now in tho hospital with a -bullet in
his hend. iTho pollco havo a good
cloicriptlon of his assailants nnd thnlr
nrrest lu only a mutter of a -llttlo
'Mrs, E. Todd, who Is moving on
Monday morning noxt to a flno storo
specially constructed for hor business,
on adjacent block. Informs us thnt sho
has decided to clean up nil mlscolln.
neous (stock, such sa neckwear, ohll-
ilr«i»'« weitr, hosiery, ribbon remnants,
dress goods remnants, hat shapes, etc.,
etc. Thmc will be displayed on four
bargain iahlcn M $1,00, 50 cptits, 25
cents, and 10 cents. The sale -will last
for two days only, namely, Friday and
The International! Geological Congress iwas in town last Tuesday and
before they quit most of the inhabitants wero acquainted witli tho fact.
The shrill of the pipos disturbed the
peaceful serenity ot Main Street at
about 11 ,p,m., when tho party adjourned from 'bolng entertained at tho Victoria Hall. We noticed that qulto a
number of our Btaid buslnoss men
wero Infused with tho spirit of the
Gaol and stepped quite lively to the
strain of the -pipes,
Fornle real ostato Is bolng boosted
by M. A. Kastner nnd It is not difficult to understand why, There aro at
present practically no empty houses
In thlB city. Tho worker who buys a
homo ln Fornlo hnB certainly many advantages to say nothing of tho feeling
of Independence. Real estate in For-
nlo has remained vory atondy in spitti
ot tho numerous „ sotbackB that our
town has rocolvod and In most cases
pooplo who hnvo invested In houso
property havo ovory reason to bo content witJh snmo. A llttlo figuring will
very soon convince ono that n homo
costing tho purchaser from $1,800 to
$2,000 will pay for ltsolf at a rent of
$20.00 por month in about 0 year*
Most of tlio property offorod by Mr.
Knstnor calls for a vory nominal cash
payment whilo the balance In*moat
cases will be found to bo llttlo moro, if
any, thnn an ordinary rental,
The management Inform us that
thoy nro making arrangements to publish woek by wcolc, a bullotln containing tho curront program and ono for
succeeding week. This Is bolng produced for noxt woek, and patrons bf
Uiu tain Wlii oo ilOlO to wane their un
rnnffcmcnlB at'cordlni-ly. Jm ;w »•<.-•
montn In light, ventilation, projection,
etc., aro constantly bolng mado by
Manager Miller, who Is out to fix up
ono of tho moBt up to dnto houses between Cnlgary and tho Const As ft
pjcturo show man Miller has proved
to tho Fornlo [hibllc that ho knows
how a plcturo show should bo run nnd
Is ever ready to enter for their convenience, amusement and comfort,
Tho foaturo for this woek end Is ns
"In .tyo Nod Man's Country," a thrll-
ling story Of Indian camp lifo and cap.
wren nnd murders demonstrating thn
triumph of lovo in « dramatic rewcuo.
Thsr« will be the usual -fomlcs, dramas, etc, For next week tho feature
la tho sensational drama, "The Secret
of the Safe" In thr*e nt-Mi. Watch
for nnnouncements of tmtnrt* prnrpum.
The following letter from' Mr. I-I.
Fisher, of Vancouver, appeared In
Lethbridge Herald Saturday last:
Sir,—I was somowhat amused at an
article under the heading of "He
Didn't Like Socialist Talk" ln Monday's Issue of the Herald. The sorrowful writer seemed highly indignant, nnd,.I am afraid, must have
boen nervously upset at the tlmo of
He refers,to the Socialist speaker
as bolng "talented" and "learned," and
I, being the -particular Individual,
must thank him kindly for the compliment, although I could not/even in
my wlldost dreams, return such praise
to my deluded critic,
In tho first place, ho Booms to bo
trying, through "(bluff and bauble," to
arouse the Ire of tho citizens and city
council of Ufttbbrldge ngnlUBt "(freedom ot.-speech," but this, I am aure,
could not toe dono by ono bo poor In
spirit and knowledge, who had become wrathful bocauso I attempted to
opposo somo ot his "set ideas" and
"fOBsllteod conceptions."
(Further than that, to eliow his
wrath, and thlnnoss of tho Christian
oloak that ho garbs himself in, he ad-
vocatos "stopping ub from running at
largo," or In other words, nothing
would appease his Christian spirit
moro tlmp Booing us imprisoned, or
enduring somo sort of pain, which tho
defenders of the church somo (ow
yoaro ago, took such delight In Impoa-
ing upon all and sundry, who should
daro to propagate a progressive Idea,
or should move in the interests of the
I can Juat boo In my mind's oyo, tho
look of pleasure in any critic's lace, If
ho had had the opportunity to wltnoss
tho burning at tho stako of somo of
tho "noblest characters" In tho
world's history, who have at periodical ttmos been fouily murdered by the
wrlhy Iitlhuva itt ihv church.
Even so rocont an ovont as tho foul
murdor of that Intelligent, noblo and
courageous champion ot progress, Ferrer proved conclusively that his bar-
hnrlc spirit, tto often showed hy thn
"supposed followers of tlio Jowly Nm:-
nrono," still surges within thoir bosoms.
Now, for a few words in contradiction to my critic, who doesn't seem to
adhere to tho truth so faithfully as ho
Uo "concluded that I was an upholder of tho prostitute." For this conclu-
slon I forgave him, for ho it evidently
to he pitted for "hia lack of understanding." Now, there In a certain
atory, 1f 1 rememJmr correctly, In tho
New Testament where a certain prostitute is brotiglit before Jesas Christ
to be Jfidfl'*' tor her sins, and f ififnit
the answer of Jesus Christ to those
who-scoffed at her.,were: "That one
of you who has no sin shall ca'jst the
first stone." How differently do these
words sound to those of my vulgar
critic. I did not uphold the prostitute,
but defended her and analysed her
position. I showed that through tho
working class 'being exploited of four-
fifths of tho products of their toll,
poverty, misery and degradation of
tho working class naturally came
about, and that It waB this poverty,
and starvation iwages of theso working
girls that was tho .predominating factor in forcing thorn to a lifo of prostitution. Abolish exploitation of tho
working class, by the capitalist class,
and we nbollsli tho "prostitute." Until thon sho has my pity and not
scorn, for sho is,'one of tho most
cruelly treated vlotlms of modern, society. *,* ■    ;(  :
In regard to thochurch, well, I analysed It, and showed that it had become an Institution in the /.Interests of
the master class; and In regard to
marriage, I dovotqd.tlmo to trope its
Private proporty was tho fundamental cause of our present day mode of
mating. Marriage, like all other social, ethical, ami religious conceptions,
arises out of tho economic structuro
of nocloty, Tlio box ties and relitlo.v
ships havo changed and are charging,
the same as evorythtng elso, and when
tho working class chango the iprlncl**-
pio of prlvato ownership of wealth
to common ownorelilp, so all our institutions of todny will chango,
I advocated a condition whoro women would not bo economically do«
pondont as thoy aro today. I pointed
out that whon tho moans of wealth
production woro > commonly ownod,
alio would ho assurod of her livelihood,
nnd thoreforo not dependont upon any
particular man, and'consequently bolng froo, sho could ohooso tho ono oho
loved, and not ns today have to sell
herself, elthor on tbo streets for a few
shekels, or to tho worklngman for a
meal ticket, or to the master class as
n mistress,       II      «
Who would Iio ao foolish as to say
Lh nl no luinskm ar» happy, but who
/iCTln would bo ko mad as to say thnt
divorces, race suicide and prostitution
nrenot on the Inorense? Wo must be
bold and honest, nnd, although our bo-
Inir no mny hurt tht* fn-olltiirn of n fow,
If by proclaiming tho truth It will in
the near futuro save millions from
pnln and -nngulih, lot us stand up with
courage nnd determination to make
dear tho truth nt nil costs.
As regards to what he says of tho
conception of And, ns wns worshipped
by the Christian faith, I am still proud
to state thnt I am too lofty to bond
my knoen to mt\i n conception as pre*
sentod In the Old Testament.
Thoio who read or have read tho
Bible, I am euro, they will agree with
me, I refrain from quoting somo of
the passages la tho Bible supposed to
have bemn thn word ot flort, for fmr
any child should, read this article.
As regards the Darwinian theory,
well that today is universally accepted by "thinkers."
He ends his immortal epistle by
stating that if my doctrine came Into
practical existenco wo should return
tb a state of society such as the ancient Totem period. To him I answer
"Do not wait for society to revert to
this age, and do not insult this age,
for if promiscuous sexual.intercourse
over existed In history, it doos right
Go Into the "Hell Holes" of any of
tlio great cities, pick up your dally
papers, Investigate and read up stit-
istlcs, and you find that the sex relations of today are something hor-
riblo. But, then, perhaps my pardonable critic has never been out of Lethbridge, or perhaps ho reads llko ho
writes. Anyhow,1'I-sympathize with
all such would-ibe opposors of the
groat movement In tho world's history
—"■Socialism,"' And, as a last word
to those who might have read thoso
two articles, I hope that it will he the
moans of, encouraging you to rend and
study scientific Socialism, and thereby understand our position and your
own. ^AS. H. FISHI3R.
Proficloncy gives tho happiness of
achiovomont In work well dono, but
wo do not work oiorely bocauso wo
lovo It. Wo want Borne of the good
things we boo othors enjoy. We want
good things to eat, good things to
wear, and other rocroation besides
riding to and from work six days a
woek. We want to loojt prosperous
and not wait till wo dlo boforo othors
notico that wo ovor lived. Wo want
to onjoy the society of our kind and
realize tho Joy of bolng a real live, act-
Ivo unit in the groat social structuro of
our generation. Wo want pretty homes
and wnnt to provide them with nil tho
little things that mnko for comfort and
add to much to tho sum total of hu-
mnn hnnnln»»«o   Wn wti-nt tn "ntnrt onr
children with natural surroundings
and rear tbem to healthy maturity.
Wo want them to look as neat and
sweet an other children nnd have nil
tho advnntagos of education nnd training which othor men's children re-
And whon tho heat enervates tho
body that has worked with mechanical
precision for a year, wo, want to gnth-
or or loved ones and answer tho call
of nnturo which beckons us out into
the open, whoro wo can forget our
rnritn and gaMmr new strength from
the fragrance ot wild flowers and rest
our wpnry eyes on thp Jrrnaay atrntnh
of« rolling country or perhaps lounge
in the sands of tho seashore and lave
in tho salty breakers.
We aro oatitled to all of these
things and tho world holdn abundance
tor all. When we ask for our own as
fndfvMunto wo nro scorned as ticgsare,
but through our unions our claims are
successfully advanced.
Tho worker Is just as human as his
employer and has all the emotions and
all the capacity tor enjoyment-as has
the man who lives off the Industry of
•But before the worker can get out
of life what is in It for him, he must
con servo his energy and concentrnto
his demands through tho trado union
of his craft. It is tho only agency that
has over reduced his hours to tho
point of getting a period of rocreatlon
out of every twenty-four hours; it Is
the one means of getting prompt action on a demand' for better wages,
and is the only Institution to give him
a feeling of security in his position because it sets up a definito standard
with a fair minimum wage,
The common ambition of men and
the unnatural burden upon tollers
bring them together under the banner
of trade unionism, to march against
tho hordes of privilege and regain
what thoy have takon from us.—
World, Duluth, Minn.
Two Days Only
Mrs. Todd lias decided not to remove
any of tho following miscellaneous
stook, but will soil samo
Friday and Saturday
Children's Wear
Hosiery, Hat Shapes
Dress Goods Remnants
Ribbon Remnants, etc.
Four Bargain Tables
$1.00. 50c. 25c.  10c
■J! '        ' O ' '
Theso nro Genuine Bargains, not the Usual
MRS. E. TODD - Fernie B.C.


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