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The District Ledger 1913-10-18

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industrial Unity ia;StreBgt)'^qjV
No. ,8, Vol. vn. *
-*-■-   ■ \<tU,..'''
The Official Organ of-District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
HEADING8 0F "VTO -^4-^0
THIS PAPER i* •   .      -tJtiJO
^PoUtical Unity is Victory.
' - ;''*.'x&J
■ ■ij
}.$i|0 A YEAR.
\S -*•
V Xi
District Board
*._ ' -
Meeting at Taber
At the . District Executive ' Board
meeting which was lield in Taber, matters of-considerable Importance were
discussed. ""    '
The question of organizing tho Ta-
. ber field was gone into and after very'
..careful consideration it was decided
to £et that field thoroughly organized.
A meeting was,held with some of
- the. operators and: no trouble Ss anticipated In .'establishing the organization
', in. every .camp,        ■. v -'^
'riVlce President,  Graham,   together
1 with other' organizers, will remain Ip
the Taber -district- untU such time as
the -work is completed.
BY-LAW 140
.The ibylaw in connection with "the
-proposed packing, plant was defeated
on Thursday last, 89 votes being cast
for,and 71 against. . A three-fifths
majority was required to carry the
measure.     , ,' .'
' The City have net however dropped
the matter, and an effort will; be made
to locate Mr, FrankeVnear the" "Y" on
the G. N. track'to the north-east of
the town. *      A
As negotiations are-pendlhg we refrain from commenting,       ,,: .
■a 7-.    AT NELSON
Mann Gives Only Address in Canada
—Advocates  Six   Hours'  Work s
for Five Days a Wefck
.Solidarity, of tbe working men, with
. universal and concerted action on the
part of all to fight for a universal and
standard amount of work, -with a fair
apportionment of the .> necessities of
life produced'during ".those- working
•hours, was advocate<|-by Tom Mann,
the famous English' labor leader,'at
itie opera house "Vt Nelson, on-Monday
night," as a solution of the.world-wlde
economic difficulties.;confronting the
ers themselves took advantage of this
and succeeded In receiving the results
of 'their fellows' labors., They became
the dictators—decided what could arid
:should be done. They, formed a pluv
■tocracy arising'from.among the. working men, he said.- .They were entirely
separat-a from."the. aristocracy and
there was but ilttle'love Det •*-«;«& the
two, ■ ,-\ j   • -
Finally the more courageous of the
working men organized and though
they did not like each other, the aristocracy -7-the law, makers — united
foroes with .the plutocracy to fight
the working rpan,,lie said.
'lOalled. upon by'.the plutocrats - to
make-laws,'the aristocrats responded
—they Jjanished *men,, imprisoned
them; lbu(Mhe0'mett persevered and
fought; they'resolved, that "it was
■far better to die fighting than to die
starving.", "■•'•.._.   . °   ,  .      -
TUie Management Committee
meet in tho Secretary's Office in
Fernie, Sunday night at 7 o'clock.
C. M, O'Brien will address a meeting In the' Grand Theatre Sunday' evening at 7.30 o'clock on the Eternal
subject. It is hoped that there will be
a goodly attendance' to hear Comrade
O'Brien speak.
. On Monday evening a social and
dance will .be held to open the new
hall that has been acquired by the
Party in the Miners'- building. Dancing will commence at -9 o'clock.
The police have "had several cases
this week, but. not'any of "great im-
■portaivce. ...
Two .brothers, charged • with vag-
raacy,' were brought up and fined ?7
or-7 days.-.   .'-'.,     ' '"-
Jo Singh, a Celestial, who refused
to pay his road tax, paid' $3.00 extra
for his obstinacy.        •
'Bedford Macleod was sentenced to
two months'-hard-labor for theft.
George Anderson was fined,?32.00 or
two months for frequenting.
Reuben Stallman will stand'trial today (Friday) charged'with.procuring, j
• .AVilliam Oohen,   real' estate agent, j
was acquitted of the charge of false
Vitro -Olivistro, who Is charged .with
a serious • offejoe, elected for speedy
trial and wilmRne up before the
judge-next week.    X v
people today. .... - •
^-It was Mr. Mann's first public ad-:
dress in.i-Canada and probably his last,
he announced,, and he was greeted
with dn .audience that filled 'the opera-
house," and "time -aiui "time a£aln lie
brought hia listeners.to'thelr^feet^to
the accompaniment of salvos of clieers
and hand-clapping.   ■'■--'•>   ■■
In the period termed by historians
the dark ages and which -ho' termed
the father ■ enlightened period, "our
forefathers worked ,.flye days a week
nnd eight hours n day, producing nil
that was necessary for the population
of the time nnd some to,spare, and
now, ln this enlightened period, with
. nil Its scientific knowledge and mod-
orn machinery, it is peculiar that pov-
erty Is so widespread, whon bo much
ls ]iroducod ln so short a time,"
,The big warehouses of the manufacturers,-tho storehouses of the capitalists, wero filled to. bursting with tho
• noceasarloB of Hfo, and horo thoy wero
'kept, until such tlmo ub prices could
bo obtained that would .bring forth
millions and shower them upon tho
manufacturers, causing claBS distinction nnd resulting ln  placing social
nnd economic conditions on tlio very
lowest obb,
.Whilo tho warehouses lay full of
thoso necossltloB tho working man
was thrown out of work,, poverty ro-
suited nnd thoy. could not purchase
thoir necessities at the price* wanted
by thoso mighty plutocrats,'ho naid. .
8ayi Grim Determination Wanted
•Thlo. groat widespread and unwarranted state of affairs could bo overcome, lie said, by a solid backbone,
by srlm determination on tlio part ot
■thq working mail.   Universally organ-
ked, tlioy could rlso to the occnBlon,
' -demand whnt thoy wnntod, <ind it
would bo granted, .
To Bolvo tho difficulty ho advooato*
*lx houro a day, flvo dny« a woolc nnd
nine montlm ix, year, with tho presont
y-wvr'ft Mlary as tho standard working
tlmo.   Thon, ho Bald, mon would produco but enough to servo, It would bo
, dU-trl-butodapportlonatoly, ovory working mnn would bo omployod In, producing; tho nocoB»ltlo», and povorty
" would vaniBli,   It was, ho ntated, the'
only natural solution of tho labor problem. ■      '
,   iMou would In their spare timo acquire moro knowledge, would have
moro lelouro, it -would be a rail civilisation,    In tho dark ages, tho days
«o -hft-Whly spoken of In tho rumlnn-
, tions of hlstortsnt, yot, ho thought,
.   moro onllghtonod In many ways Ihan
tho prenont, mnnv of tho world'* Kr«n*-
*o«t oathedralB, guilds und public build-1
iug» tttii'i) pro-iucwU.    ititll,  ix*i IM,
spent more tlmo becoming Artists at
their   trades,   skilled   In   ill   Us
branches; they wato real nrtlsts.   At
tho iJfosont tlmo It was "turn out ns
tho greatest profit"  In this way tho
urtfttnun lost all Idea of producing
his best or becoming inn artist nt his
busmen*.  If n man could not turn out
'wouiiii to satisfy the boss ho wns
turn-ed out
"       Rsvltwt Labor Qutstlon
Wr, Manu roviewed tho history ot
iibor trom ths «*rly dnys when wilds
wero formed both among tho working \
" classes and tho masters. - Kow after
a tlmo tho guilds of the emplojws
bocsmn stronger, snbiugsttit cities,
, formed gormrnmsnts, exhibited hostility to tho wcrWng t!»ss,*de>«t«»;r«-.d
•iht*lt *nlM» »n*l T»«m^ li>tf*lt*t1<m
hostlJo to tin, workors,
Thon ngsln snothor sweeping
ehsngo cama—mactilnery w»* Invent-
«4, tite mors *br**d anong tb* worlc-
" Men' WorTbyj Organizing
finally about tbe year 1824 the men
beat - the ■ 'law—they. organized. This
spurred on/the'plutocrats; they'formed "trusts or syndicates ,'and' In' this
way took a stop • ahead of the men.
The men,-he "stated,"' have ."stood, by
their -"petty"•.organlzatlort^rdr-.those
many years ago; but \vere*beglnning
to-realize,that the time" Was coming
when they should form a trust or industrial - unionism—a "wtfrld-wlde organization. Then and tlien only would
the economic problem and .the labor
problem be solved.
He reviewed the hlBtory of the
ship workers' and the mine workers'
Btrlkoa in the old country, In which ho
had taken a part, and pointed out how
concerted and, determined notion by
tho men had won for them. Ho urged
it,on a moro widespread scope.
He did not blame the tniBts, foe
said; It waB the men themselves ho
blamed. They should have taken stops
long ago—they were dilatory.
Ho produced facts to Bhow that
skilled labor was becoming loss prevalent year by-year through'the tread
of modern Bdcnco and Invention,
Tho legislators, the statesmen, pastors, churcliCB ior anyone else could
not win tho battle for the men. It was
up to thomsolvos to organize and oi'.
ganlzo universally, ho Bald ln conclusion,
Mr. Mann Is leaving this morning
for Soattlo, whoro ho will commence a
■series of addresses which ho will de-
llvor nt all the principal cities nlong
tho west coaBt of the United StnteB.
Aid. I, A. Austin, was In tlio chair
at tho meeting, whioh wns held undor
tho nusploos of tho Trades and Lnbor
Council, who Invited Mr. Mann to nd-
dross to mooting, Othors on tho platform woro Fred Chapman, John Not-
man, Hoy HarrlB and O. Doaumont,
'Died, October 15tlh, Amelia Diuliani,
aged five months. Funeral Friday af^
lie 'Church. .   <■
J. E. SMITHi'.Fernie.
. (Acclamation.)
,, WILLIAM  GRAHAM,   Coleman.
, ;. , (Acclamation.)
A. J.'CARTER, Fernie. '     '
i DAVID HYSLOP, Coleman.
1  DAVID ,REES> Fernie.
Sub'District No. 1
•WILLIAM ' BALDERSTONE,   Hosmer.       • •«,'f '   ,,    ■    *   ,
Sub District No. 2
JAMES BURKE, Bellevue.
Sub District No. 3
JOHN LARSON, Lethbridge.
t    Sub District No. 4 o
The District Executive Board in session at Taber, Alta., on Monday, Tuesday- and Wednesday of this • week,
unanimously decided not to' place the
names of Pres. Smith, Vice Pres. Gra-
iham and Int.'Board, Member ' Rees,
who are unopposed for election, on the
'ballot paper. Thel'same will apply to
■Sub District Board Member-Thachuk,
or^Canmore:     •,: '     7^   -
A. J. CARTER, Secyi-Treas.
nAU persons having monies In, connection with this fund are requested
to turn same in at once,to the secretary, T. Uphill, as the' list will be
closed shortly. -
Am't previously acknowledged 5173.35
Bellevue Local Union "      25.00
Diamond Local, No. 217 ......     10.00
Hosmer Local Union      10.00
Caledonian Social Dance Club     23.00
Taber Local Union ;..,..     10.00
Gladstone Local Union       50.00
Colemaa—    .. .'
W. H. Muir   ?5.00
Geo. Clair      5.00
Wm. Graiham      1.00 ,
iWm. Haysom.    1.00
.Thos. Haiiies .; '..   1.00   '   >
,S, Moore'-     1.00       <
T. Pondelicek    1.00
U7 Haines  1.00
,.Wm. Griffiths .."..".' 1.00
Robert Jones  '  1.00
Mr. K. Hunter    1.00
George Muir ■    1,00
Don.'Chambers ..:...' 2.00
,D, H.-Hyslop  * 1.00
C. Jaure ".     1.00
,!R. M. .Morgan ....   .1.00
J. T Hopkins ..'.    1.00
Wm.'Roughead ......   1.00
John' Johnstone    1.00
W.m. Cralford    1,00
R. Holmes     1.00
C. P.- Willmott     1.00   •
Ed. Barnes t , -1.00     ,
H., James ..'    1.00"
J. 'Moore .. v    1.00
W. Lees      1.00
G.-Kellock ';,L0O~    '
■ R. Ferguson  'ifco
. J. Unsworth'.".;  . 2.00
" j. Mitchell .A  1.00   r'"~,
, J. Lamb *....     .50,,  *.
■ J.'Maggs  '  1.00 -
- ;•''■ '  .   41.50.
Total  ?342.85
400 Welsh .Miners
Probably Perish
HI Fated Universal Colliery Again
Scene of Appalling Disaster—Over
900 In Mine, 500 Safely Out—Not
Much Hope for the Others.
CARDIFF, Wales, Oct. ,14.--More
than 400 Welsh- coal miners are believed to have perished this morning
in the Universal Colliery, near here.
A terrific explosion of gas shattered
the works shortly after 7.40 and the
•men,had gone down the shafts. Five
hundred had been rescued up to noon,
when fire broke out and halted the
work of resuce.
The day shift of 981 men descended
in the cages at 5 o'clock. An hour
afterwards a deafening report brought
the inhabitants in the vicinity of the
mine\unnlng to the pit head, where
they found the ventilating and hoisting machinery at the top of the shafts
had heen .blown to atoms by an explosion of great violence,
It was at first stated that the day
shift was composed of 740 men, but
later the larger figures were given out
by the officials.' About five hundred
were brought' to the surface by rescue parties up to noon, and the manager of the mine then expressed the
opinion that there was no further hope
for those remaining below.
The rescued miners, the members of
life-saving gangs and the^ officials of
the mino declared this afternoon that
they could hold out no hopo for those
of the miners still below. The men
brought to tho surface were found on
the east side of the mine, where the
ventilation remained fairly good. On
the west side, where the explosion oc-'
curred, fire started and the rescue
party were unable to make any progress. The officials of the mine found
it necessary to call a detachment of,
.pollco to keep the women and children back, who crowded around the
entrances ln hbpes of obtaining some
news of their relatives.   ■   "   .
Most of the rescued men were suffering from burns, shocks or the effects of poisonous gas.
A man who had been working' sixty "
feet away was decapitated by the.
force of the blast.
The fiery condition of the mine gavo
them little hope that any of those
below could be rescued alive. An entrance was> forced by way of <jn adjacent shaft. On descending the rescuing 'partyi came across several
groups of men huddled together in
portions of tlieR mine where the air
was still good. By noon they had
.picked up and. brought to the surface -
altogether 500.
The samp pit was" the scene, of an
explosion thirteen  years ago,   when-
120 miners lost their lives.   Only ono
of thos© betow at that time was rescued alive;        , r,,
i   "   ..     ■ ' . -.'■""'•' 'Sj ;  - ■    •     .   ■ ' . . [a
The Roadlax^Und the !
Civic Voters' List
Householders will not be on the Voters' List if they do not call at
City Police office and pay the $2,00 Road Tax before the end of October.
If you don't do this you will not be on the list and will be denied a   lj
voice in the management of this city. '■ |
Don't delay—pay the $2.00 and have a say in the management of   |
affairs.   Next pay day will be too late, find the $2,00 this week and
pay it to the Chief of Police; then go and ask the City Clerk to put you
on the list.   List clones October 31st. w
Coleman v. Coal Creek
A. O. F, COURT FERNIE No. 0291
All members are requeitod to attend
tha Lodge on Monday, 20th Inst, Business Important'
Mr, Bernard Uawson. who has recently, taken ovor tho Minors' Club,
Informs us that ho has ronovatod and
reset cushions on nil billiard and pool
tables and hon now; four up-to-date
tables going. Entries for tho billiard
nnd domino tournamonlB will cIobo
on tho 22nd Inst, the prises for samo
are no follows: Ilandaomo eight Ions
field glasses, ladles' and gents' watch-
...»   »uu   •»..«.I >..(,   tHrltl,   «HU|1UCV   Itl-U   l*JI
Vfhlch In ?T> roTiK TYtrrr \_ n\._ nl-
tnehod to tho room a well equipped refreshment bar whoro soft drink*, candles and cigars can bo obtained.
*N. K. Suddaby hss an «xcepttonally I
line display ot chic ndnlntures by
somo of the test known artists. Those
handsome llttlo pictures make a vory
Olonslng decoration for don or pirlor,
while the price places them within tho
roach of all.
(By o\ir special correspondent)
After various delays nnd much bickering und dickering that failed to add
lustre to tho namo of sport, the Mutz
Cup final took place at' Mlchol on Saturday, Oct. 11 th, between the abovo
mentioned teams beforo only a moderate Attendance, duo largoly to the unseasonable woather. «
fMcPegnn won tho Iobb and took advantage of the wind, winch was fairly
Btrong. Coal Creok were tho first to
show up nud for tho Hrst portion of
the gamo pressed almost continuously.
However, Finos, Moore and McCnU'
Joy wero thore when wnntod and with
tlio Creok forwards mlsBlng several
oasy chnucoB nothing occurred In the
scoring lino. Colomnn woro now bo-
ginning to find their feet, showing
pretty nil round combination nnd giving tho Crook defenco a warm tlmo.
MoFogan nnd McU-icnio, howover,
proved equal to nil demands and It
was woll they wero at the top of thoir
form, for with tho oxcoptlon of Whlto
tho Crook halves woro weak, Yates,
taking the plnce of the IndUposcd
Manning nt centre hnlf, being especially slow and wild. Kmm n pans by
Whlto tho Creok v left wing mndo
tracks for the Colomnn A«nl. Flne«
savod in grand stylo,   Colomnn, how-
«W»r   nnnrt Intilr Iht* -nl^-i*- tt* Ihi* nthr***
end. .Motatchtfl. In tnckllng Rloan.
slipped down, leaving tho bait rolling
towards .Danns, who appeared to bu
oft his guard. When h* awofee Beddlngton had dono tho I rick for Coloman to tho evident delight of tho Cole-
to take the heart out of the Crook
boys and but for good work by tho
defenco more goals would havo resulted, Towards tho close the Crook mado
a groat effort to save tho game, both
Jolnson and Sweenoy (who had gono
inBtde right) putting In groat shots,
but Colomnn had a smart llttlo gonl-
keeper In Fines aud ho cleared well,
his save of Swoenoy's effort being
great, Tho gnmo ended shortly aftor
with Colomnn running out wlnnors by
a scoro of 2-0.
Notes on the Game
Tho Coluiiutu tuum fully douerved
thoir victory, tlio team bolng woll balanced throughout. Their comblnntlon
wns flno to wltnoBB nnd, with, hotter
finishing. Conl Creok would have had
a sorry tlmo.
Banna, In tho Crook goal, considering tho nmount of pressure 'by Colomnn, not hnvlng nnythlng very difficult to do, wns at fnult whon tho first
gonl wns scored, but. had no chnnco
wilh the second, McFegnn mid iMc-
Lotchlo, tho Crook backs, lived up to
their reputation and towered head nnd
shoulders abovo tho rest of tho Crook
team. Tho hnlvoa, with the oxcoptlon
ol White, wttre jKior. Manning being
missed. Tho forwards were good In
spots, but a good contro forward
would have made a lot of difference.
Onrvlo, upon whom Iho Creok support-
ore seemed to rely, failed to keep his
line together and was scarcely soon.
It was a nlco elnun match nnd tlm
graced.   It was tho logical result of
a   heavy   tonm   In   heavy   wcathor
against a light combination.
Coleman—-Finos, Moore, McCauloy,
Roughond, JackBon, Hunter, Holmes,
Beddlngton, Slonn, Kellock, Banks
(capt.). v
Conl Creek—Banns, MoLotchle, Mc-
F.ogan (capt.), Hwoonoy, YatoB, White,
Harper, Booth, Gnrvlo, Jolnson, Johnson.
Sa/turaSyTast was a day of greatex-
citement at ,the Cooperative Stores, it
being the day for trying of-keys ln
the lock attached to the New \|/llliams
Sewing Machine. As soon'as the store
was opened customers started to come
with their keys and continued in a,
"steady stream throughout the "day. At
times It was almost impossible to walk
through from one end of the store to
the other, there being so many people
waiting to try their keys, some being
compelled to wait for over half an
hour beforo their turn came.
Tho big rush came about 6.30, when
seemingly all Coal Creek Invaded tho
store, and thero was a shout of triumph when Mr. Mark Branch found
thnt' ho had the right key and became
tho proud possessor of the handsome
machine. Tho peoplo waiting with
their keys to try were tho first to congratulate iMr. Branch on his good fortune.
To assure a good time on Hallowe'en come to the cafeterian dinner in
the Presbyterian Church. l      93
Come and get anything to suit your
taste, ,pay for what you. eat, at the
cafeterian dinner on October 30th and
31st at the Presbyterian Church.    93
Drawing at the Ills Monday Evening
LODGE No. 47
'. Don't do any cooking for the even-"
Ings of October 30th  and  31fit,. but ■
come to the cafeterian dinner in'the
Presbyterian Church. . See menu next
week. ' 93
iMr. Martin nnd Mr. Griffiths left on
tho flyer on Wednesday ovenlng to at-
tond the Teachers' Convention at
Lethbridge, nnd will be gone for eight
days. \
Tho City has now practically completed tho numbering of tho houses
which tho oxprcss and trnnsfor companies aro finding of great convenience Jn delivering goods.
On Sundny lust Octobor 12th, tho
Esther Hoboknh Lodgo, attended dl-
vino sorvlco at tho Prosbytorlnii
Church,, Leaving tho K. r.'s Ilnll nt
7.15 p.m., thoy marched to church
about 00 strong, whero tho Uev, W. J.
McQuarrlo (himself an Oddfellow) do-
llvorod ono of tho most brilliant nnd
IiiqiiusBlvo HernioiiH on tho Ideals and
principles of Hebokahshlp ovor listened to In this city. Ho took his text
from tho third chapter of Revelations,
tho llth vorso, "Hold that fast which
thou hast," Mrs. Carlisle and AUsa
Dobaon rendered a duct In pleasing
stylo, while Bro. J. W. Quinney officiated at tho organ, rendering some
pretly voluntaries In excellent style.
Tho drawing In connection with the
abovo will tako placo nt 8,30 In the
IbIb Theatre on Monday evening. Be-
Bldcu tho threo vnluabta prizes given
away tlio commlttoo have augmented
tho Hat with four flvo-dollar gold plec-
ob, mnltlng n total of novori prizes. Ills
Worship Mayor Gates will aBBlBt nt
tho drawing nnd thero Ib every belief
that a substantial amount will bo collected for Brother LaBanlloB. Do not
fornot to bo thoro and aecuro a prize.
Tho following Is a ll»t of returns
from aalo of tickets In connection with
Socrotnry .IllllcroBt Local .. ..$ 10.00
flocrotnry Tlnav^r Mines Lorul     5.00
Socrotnry Tnber l/>enl     fi.00
Secretary Carbondale Locnl  ..     G.OO
CaBnmlrs Lnanllo    RO.OO
Socrotnry Mlchol Local .....   10,110
Mr. Crunflj      fi.00
Mr«. Honl    10.00
Lothbrldgo,Urn)     3.C0
Conlhurst Locnl      3,00
HoBinor Local    10,00
Chinook Mines      r.,00
Corbin I/icnl      fi.BO
Colomnn Ixicnl    10.00
Bollovuo.Local      7.R0
Bankhead Local     Uo
iMr, Arthur T. McComb, of Cnlgary,
mul Miss Mndgo Rankin, of tills city,
wero marrlod on Thursday afternoon,
Octobor lGtli, In the MothodlBt Church
by Rov, I). M. Porloy.
Tho City Pollco nro busy "hitting
up" tho young men of tho town for
tho $2.00 road tnx. They will not collect from hoiiBoholdors, but tho latter
will Jiavc to pay If they wish to <iuallfy
for city frnnchlBO.
Mr, William Mills, of the King's Hotel, Jb holding a grand ball In his Hotel on October 23rd. Refreshments
will bo provided. A nominal chargo of
CO cents for gentlemen will bc made.
William's Invitation Ib "Como one.
como all, to the Klng'fl ball."
The following bulletin bas beon published to all trainmen on the a. N.:
To all tralnm«n--lCff*ctlv« Friday,
Oct littfa, we will establish two additional pauenger runt from the Kails-
bell dlvlaton, ono leaving Kallipoll
about 11.80 p.m.. arriving at Fernlo
about tm p.tn., ths opposite ran tittv-
ing F*rnlft nttottt 9„M o.m. an* nrrfr-
lag at Kallapell about -UO p.m. To
run dally oxeopt Sunday, therefore to-
Ing al KallaptU wad Ferule layover on
Lit-     *yH«>|lP*>*«f     i'i. t*  +     ft'ikKl*     UU.'V    *V'(t'lw,*.iW*» it
a glimpse of their bugging and kissing
abilities to tho ombarraaament of the
goal scorer. From tho kick-off Coal
Crook mado a rush for the Coloman
goal, but their, play was without
mothod and thoy were easily repulsed.
rfnlf tfmn arrfirM with thc ocoro t 0
in Coleman's favor.
On tin. rontimpMnn. with n £Oi»? left-1
and ii strong wind nnd rainstorm at
their toaeka, Colemsn mado things
look blue for Cos) CreekVi .thane**,
wliot* backs at this tlmo sar«d thorn
repeatedly. However, tho constant
prsssuro waa bound to tell anil from a
corner Met welt Ulwu Uy Hutu.**,
ftaddlngton toad** a Jowly goal, his
second for tba gam*, mors huggng and
•quMslag falltag to his tot at a eon-
tequeae*.   TWa as-eond goal t«e»<*4
Crahan Cup
Coal Creek
Crook, though defeated, woro not dls-|M «hB ftrRnrt ThM«re, Oetoher wh
Tickets for tho above company,
which Is appearing In Komlo undor
the patronage of Uio Mooaw, will lie
ready and distributed ut Monday even-
liilf'a social. All Lhouo dunlrouu of help-
'irifc i,nt» ux-im Moobti Uiu-mi niimio xm
on Imnd to boost this nnd get all thoy
possibly can to attend. Thia entertainment, which has boon allowing In all
tho largo lowna on the prairie, ia ottt>
of tho finest musical companies tour
Ing Canada and a first-class perform-
t\M*'i 1« gunrnnte-wl.
Total $107.50
'Wo honr rumors of ii muslrnl trout
to bo given hy tho children In tho nenr
future In the form of a children's
opora, Wo undorsinnd Mr. J. W. Qtiln-
noy oxpoctH to commenco prnctlco at
nn enrly dato nnd tho performance will
bo arrnnuod for the early pnrt of December.
Tho Conl Crook Methodists arc expecting ft big day on Bundny At thoir
Hnrvest Home nnd Thanksgiving arur.
vice*. Tho choir will give n service
of aong by rendering a beautiful enni
lata ontltlod "A Callfornl Nugget."
Tho Rev. Mr. Philp will bo In charge.
All Invited, admission free.
at Michel
M0N.JH5T. 20
Kick off at 3 p.m
Chief Justlco Hunter, of Victoria,
It wns gladsome news to Iho Couu
til I0.nl linitoU.i> u*t-viill<« wind tin'
Riiuouw-i tui'i't v.t' iii'.di Mn: Mm ".'.<
of debentures hnd been prneilenlly
completed at l)0c. In tho dollnr to iho
firm ot Terry, Hrldggo and BIMer, of
Toloda, Ohio. If Iho bylaws of city
aro In order thero Is nearly n doubt
that Iho den) will bo closed within Die
next ten days.
It waa decided on Uie atrencth of
poaalblo salo of tho debenture* to lm-
mediately go ahead with electric light
extension In Dalton Avenue. It was
also doeldod to tako up tha question of
locating Mr. Frankel with the Coal
On Monday ovonlng. Thanksgiving
IXttv there will he Hven ft free "toelfll
and concert with refreshments. Hpo-
ml uilunuK *'««" uvunmg m iiutnut ot
Church fundn. Tito Inttrlor of tho
building Is being.hrirhtened nnd beautified and will be nt 1ta best for Iheso
Measra, DeBerle ft lllrkbrck, who
lmvo started a flrnt-class ladles' nnd
(.'cuts' tailoring business next tho Calgary Meat Mark tt, come hero with a
reputation, having carried on Itualnoea
for some Umo In Vancouver. Only tho
lv at high ilir'A UllortaK U hotng han-
dlwl by tliem, although prices in
many clw -ir>' the fame ai pattt for
jvii-ly made clothing. Their work-
.shop In llRht. well ventilated and hy*.
glottic, and we can ttmfid-enily recommend both their roods nu4 workman-
**htp to our read-era.   Those who hava
Tho L. O. O. M. are giving a social,
j dance and entwtalnment on Monday
will lo hero ou the 2Ut to open the ovenlng, commencing at 7 o'clock. An
asslr.es.     Tho calender   I*   pretty [energetic committee has been appoint-
liKivy. no less than eight vudus tuttt ,*».i aad with the assistant or the !*• jnw-er experienced the pl«*«uw> of a
boffin; eonhifnc-f tfwri, Vn' r-'^-J'tl'".! tliem tn everi promtec of thl: ,w*>MUt-**A »»lt property •■nrtmta •«•»
ctpsl one ia the capita) charge asalasl t social Wtng one ot the moat aucccas- ...
Bruno Cutrl, who la charged with tuur-1 fsal yet hold. n*ne,rftit* refreshments
der at Rampage Junction laat Hei>lft/-i- j will be provided and an Invitation is
ber. Davidson, of the ""Big Ktour" will <extended to alt Moo*e who will be ex-
also appear before his honor. 1 ported to Iriag their lady friends.
which can ba worn tor months aad retain tin shape should patronlxo this
enterprise firm. They will not he
disappointed. Kfi>^iK-: vil-. -S-
*  -...■•   it        .
■ a \
~:Z ': -"»'^y'xA,^^^XA'Aax* ,
,-..',■ i.*vx* arti':-,',-.
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i :' /sv-V-S <- Ix iX^^^^xa'A *'V'^f=-o^A-v^
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B. c%
Magazine on the
Vancouver Island Strike
The following is part of an article
appearing in. the British Columbia
Magazine, and while we may not agree
with what the author says regarding
the position of the U. M. W. of A. and
its American character, we will give
him credit for being fair in his criticisms.
"They halted on the crest of the hill
behind the courthouse and. the three
prisoners and their guard dismounted.
One of the former was a native of
Southern Europe, who apparently, .understood little -English, and darted a
resentful look at the men who had accomplished his arrest. Another was a
fair-haired young giant from the
North of England, who stood by in
stolid silence until the command was
given for tlie next move. The most
interesting of the three was a bright-
looking -boy from Scotland. He stood
erect, like ono ■who, as a cadet or a.
boy scout in his native land, had
learned the attitude of "Attention!"
and a smile played around his face as
the brief talk went on between the officer in command of tho arresting party and the police official who was receiving the prisoners in charge. Then
tha party passed into the courthouse
building, and one was left to conjecture the waiting in the cells for the
appearance before the magistrate in
the morning, 'to be followed by the
prompt remand and the subsequent
"A surprise awaits the visitor who
has been informed by rumor that
these miners are nondescript spe'ci-j
mens of humanity, whose hours of
recreation are all spent in listening to
the fiery orators of the I. W. W. Such
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
WeBt Territories and in a portion of
ths Province of British Columbia, may
be   leased   for  a  term   of   twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre,
ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agont of the district in
which tb- rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by .oecrions, or legal sub-dlvi-
ilons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
by a fee of ?5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but net otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the, full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If thn coal mlnlhg
rights are not be.'ng operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include tho coal mislng
rights only, but the leasee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for tho working of tho mine
at the rato of $10.00 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Intorlor, Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands. ll,
'> W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister or the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be said for.  ,
Mr, J. Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
Pupils Prepared for
Examlnat ons
Apply for toruifl to
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St.
1.22 RIFLE
Rifles   T
Only High Grade
kept in stock Satisfaction .Guaranteed.
Fernie,     B. C.
I  i i
an impression is readily dissipated by
a -casual conversation with any half-
dozen of the strikers one meets ln xne
street. .Well-mannered men for the
most part, they lose a little of their
natural courtesy' when they come to
speak with bitterness of the way they
have been treated. As-they,,talk you
recognize' at' once, if you are, an Old
Country man, the unmistakable accent
of the Scots Lowlauder, the rough'
■burr ot the Northumbrian, traces of
the dialect of Lancashire or Yorkshire," or the liquid vocal quality of the
son of Wales. Rarely do you detect
the ^American or even the Canadian
accent, for the simple reason that the
majority of the miners of Nanaimo
have, at one time or another, come
there straight from .Great Britain, and
they .are living in a community less
likely almost to cause them to drop
their native form of speech than any
other in Canada. .,
""In the course of a day and a half
which I spent recently in Nanaimo,
I watched all these things, and had to
ask myself, over and over again, the
question: "Is this little community,
representing, as it does, some of the
very best possibilities'in our Canadian
life, to be scattered because, Capital
and Labor cannot agree, and because,
apparently, it is nobody's 'business to
help them to come to a mutual understanding?" That is. the fate with
wnich the coal country on Vancouver
Island is threatened and of all the potential solutions of the present difficulty, this one is the very worst.
"I remembered that I had looked into tho faces of three of the prisoners
—three of" the hundred and fifty or so
who had been arrested—and I wondered what cursed, spite was engaged
in converting men of this class into
criminals. Let „it be admitted that
some of the miners—though only a
small minority of them—have in their
resentment done some dastardly
things. They have buffeted policemen,
assailed, non-strikers, burnt homes,
and committed wanton destruction,
and, worst of all, have noi Deen overparticular" to see that the effects of
their vengeance should not fall upon
women and children. In doing'these
things the offenders have done infinite harm to the couse of their comrades^ JSuch acts made it absolutely
necessary for the militia to bc called
in,' and the prompt action of the.authorities in taking this step, and the
general conduct of the militia themselves, are to be commended. -Still,
this disagreeable necessity for the em-;
have arisen, and since it has arisen it
ought to be obviated at the earliest
possible moment. How can this be
done? Since the miners' side ofthe
story has not received much publicity
at the hands of .provincial press,, it
may bo well to give briefly, their account of the progress of'the dispute,
"In the forefront of their case tho
miners put the allegation that the Coal
Mining Regulations Act of British Columbia has ,not been properly enforced.   As everyone possessing acquaintance with  mining conditions knows,
gas ls present, moro or less, in all
coal mines, and tho terrible explosions
that occur from tlmo to time, bringing
in their train great loss, of life, are
generally due to the fact that Its presence in dangorous quantities hns.hot
beon duly noted and  proper precautions taken.   Por this purpose ai 'gas
committee' exists ln rnlnos on the Island, on which two of the mino porkers nre elected to sorve.   This ls ac*
cording to law, tho election of tho two
minors' repreHontatlves being, cqmpul-
sory nnd tho mon bolng obliged to pay
thorn.   Tho minors make bitter complaints about ono instance In which
their, gas  commlttoo representatives
roportod adversely as to tho conditions of Bafcty ln a particular mino.
For doing this, ono of tho mon was victimised. Uo was not discharged as tho
direct result of his report, but -when
tho particular pleco of work on which
ho was ongngod enmo to a closo, ho
waH told that thoro waH no .further
work for him; nnd whon ho obtained
employment  with  anothor  compnny,
ho wnn suddenly dismissed, In olrcum-
stances which, tho mnn consider, point
to colhiBlon among tho employers,
"Tho casts was taken up hy tho
union—and n word should bo said horo
about tho character of tho oi'Ranlza-
tion to which tho mon nro utlacnod,
Tho Vancouvor Island coal worlws
form a dlBtrlct (District 28) of -"ho
Unltod Mine Workors of Amorlca, an
organization having Its hoadquarwu
at Indianapolis. In tho yoar 1011. an
ntlompt wus mado lo nssoclnlo tho
Vnncouvor Island mon with a Cann«
dlnn Knilnratlon of .Minors and tho
mon of tho l.udysmlth, Nanaimo and
South Wellington rnlnos throw ln
thalr lot with It; but tlio Cumberland
minors rofused to have anything to do
with a Bmnll organization. Through
llinlr efforts, nnd with tho consont of
tho -Onn-nrllnn minors, It wns doeldod
to form Vancouvor Islnnd Into a district of tho Amorlcan omnnlzntlon. Tn
finitif <hl« Mii»v wore onlv following
miners when'it was reported that one
of the leaders, who had been elected,
for service in protecting the lives of
the men'in.the mine, had been victimized. Jn order that the matter, might
be discussed they took a holiday for
one day, on the 16th of September,
1912. In doing so there is little Sbubt
that they put themselves, technically
at least, in the wrong, and. theirs action
was followed by a drastic move on the
part of the Canadian "Collieries Company, who the following day posted
notices at Cumberland for all the "men
to take away their' tools and to be paid
up as-soon as possible..Two days later
the men of Ladysmith also were locked out.
"Unable to obtain a direct conference with the owners, the miners'
leaders applied to the Minister of La-
bor for the Dominion to make an in-
vestigation, but .-beyond'a formal acknowledgement of the letters," and a
promise to write later, no reply was
received. An application to the Prime
Minister of the province, Sir Richard
McBride, to make an investigation under the Public Inquiry Act,' was met
by a refusal.
"From this point the miners decided that they were, to use their own
words, 'in for a .fight,' and they pro-
ceeded to raise the question of wages. The process' of arriving at a coal
miner's earnings is rather complicated
and I have been unable to come by
any convenient data that would enable
me to strike an average of the general
earnings. In Cumberland the 'basis of
payment is 82% e'ents for the loading
of a 'long ton' of '2840 lbs. of coal.
Working eight hours from bank to
bank—and this seems -quite a sufficient period for a man to be buried in
the bowels of the earth—it is contended that many men can scarcely earn
enough for a bare existence in a-land
of high prices, a dollar and a half a
day being spoken of as the limit of
earnings in case where the conditions
are unfavorable. This, of course, is
not put forward as the average figure
representing the day's pay of the typical miner. The vein's of coal on Vancouver Island are spoken of as -more
than ordinarily difficult to work.
Veins of rock run-through them, and
in respect of work in these difficult
places compensation is ,allowed, largely at the discretion of'the 'pit boss.'
If you are a miner," .tne . questionl of
whether you are well in with this official may easily'have an important
bearing upon the amount of your earnings. ,It is ,'contended on the-miners'
the good .and bad places in the mine
and allowing liberal uompensation or
otherwise, may make a hundred per
cent difference between the earnings
of two identical,- conw, 'rgthwSHRDL,
of two miners who ,are nominally
working under Identical,, conditions.
'From this it may'be seen' how easily
an atmosphere, of suspicjon" may be
engendered in mines where.'both union
and non-union men are employed.
."Taking all these things ..Into consideration, the miners decided to put
forward their demands,,under three
heads:       ' '
"1.   'Better working conditions.
"2.-   An advance of wages.
/'3.   Recognition by the employers
of the Unltod Mine Workers o'f America.
"They asked for Interviews with the
employers to discuss "these matters,
but their requests were Ignored, So
the struggle wont on, anfl the tension
was Increased with tho 'arrival of a
number of non-union workers, Industriously collected from inany quarters
to tako the places of tho locked-out
men, Tho reply of the union to this
policy was tho calling of'n general
strlko, on tho 1st of Way this year,
of all tho mine workers on the Island.
Tho men responded to tho cnll, and
slnco thon nil tho mines have boon
closod, with tho oxcoption of those
whoro' utrlko-broakoi's wore omployod,
nnd whoro tho worst of tho recent disturbances havo *beon witnessed,
"Ono' of tho latest Incidents prior
to tho outbreak of violence was tho
visit of tlio Dominion Minister ot Labor, Mr. T. W. Orothors, Whilo ho was
In the strlko arca.lt was represented
that thore woro 1,400 men working ln
tho Cumberland mines, nnd his attention wns called to tho Coal Mino Regulations Act, which requires that a
man, In ordor to got coal ln a mine,
must first obtain a cortlficato of com-
potoney. Those cortlflcntos nre award-
od by n board of oxamlnors, on which
tho minors nro supposod to havo ono
representative and a point Is made of
tho nssortlon that tho so-cnllod min-
ors' representative on tlio hoard which
certified tho Btrlko-hrcnkerfl' competency wns eloctod entirely by Asiatics
In tho mine, Tlio othor momborB of
iho hoard woro a 'pit boss' and tho
superintendent of ono of tho mines,
nnd the serious olinrgo Ib mndo by the
miners thnt tho standard of competency required hy tho law-wns not. Insist-
od upon In tho case of many of the
strlko-brenlcorB.  Undor this hoad tho
*irt\nn mon mndo in Mr   OnthflrB otto
the example of tho minors of Fornlo, 10f two Important propositions,  It waB
Hosmor, and other (Hainan in liiu Hi
lorlor ot British Columbia, who have
Ins-en mombor* of ih« IT. M. W. of
Amorlca for ten yonrfl. During thnt
porlod thoy have only had ono strlko
u 'A.   '        '.—*.?''      .':': ?     *?..*.-     **"     ttr-tt*
working peaceably under a threo
years' agreement which does not expire until 1015.
"Tho minors' loaders tif tho Island
ntftte thnt under tho present arrange
ment thoy have full powor to nogotl*
ai<» mo nKrtxmmnt with thu mini; own-
firm, And to nettle any questions in lis-
putt) without outaldo lutcrfcrcucc.
This statement It Important In relation to thst of the heads of British
Columbia companies, that they do not
v/Uh to pliica themselves ai the mnicy
of an oneinlgtation controlled from tho
United Slates, However, this phase
of thw <jn#**t!on may h« mntt* convex
nlentljc pr-Mf-fented later,
that a now board of examiners Bhould ""•'
bo nppolntod, with ono of tlio union's
repwflftnlatlvos  an   a   member,   and
that, If tlio strike-breakers could give
satisfactory answer* to the questions
.....        ,    -    y ,i,. .,,..h-    ii..
.«..'*,. .-...-j,t., ^j, ».*.», -..*.. *.,.».*>./ ,,*j,*.-* .,.„
called off.  To this aportlng offer Mr.
Crothero declined tb accede.
"A second proposition was made to
tho Minister of Labor, regarding tho
employment of Asiatics in the mines,
It being stated that thoro wore no
moro Asiatics -ehi-jag*! than was the
case before the look-out, Mr. Crothers
waa chall-^nu^tl to Inv-AsMpiM tb*> mnt-
Uir, and the promise was fiflaln made
that, ir thero were not twice aa many
Asiatics employed a** in Ihe former
period, tbe strike would be called off.
This opportunity of ending tho dispute
wae alto declined, apparently because
Mr. Orottoer* *■*** uot w^Mbd li> accept the atateroent made by the union
"As mny he Imagined, gront Indlfr' leadora, and did not choose to conduct
MtiM wa* felt is tha ranks of the aa open Intjnlry into tba facts.
"Here is the story of the dispute in
brief'outline; toroughi up, to the-time
when the outbreaks qf '.Violence occurs
red—a1 period about .which, since it Is
to form the.subject of.njimerous trials
in the -criminal courts", it ls best to observe due .reticence. The story. has
been compiled mainly from information obtained from the,miners' leaders
and independent! quarters—Ahe mine
owners are,less communicative. But,
even assuming . that , the statement
given aibove is one-sided, it must be
recognized that - the miners - have a
prima facie, case, and it must also be
admitted |that,' since the dispute arose,
all the attempts to bring about a
friendly understanding have come
from their side. They have made mistakes; the,deeds of violence committed by- Individual miners cannot possibly be defended;,and they, together
with the owners, have.been' guilty of
the very .doubtful policy of extending
the area of the dispute. This has become a familiar device on the" part of
both capital and labor in modern Industrial strife. It Is apparently Imagined, that, when you have a comparatively trifling matter requiring adjustment, the best thing, to do is to convert the little dispute Into a big ono.
Thus, the miners had a complaint to
make regarding one, or, at the most,
two men, and committed the folly of
'taking a day's holiday' In a body, in
order to talk about It—as if the matter
could not have been .discussed, and
possibly,'negotiated by the men's leaders, without .this act of defiance. In
■reply the companies locked out' the
men in certain mines—Aet of Folly
No. 2. Then, after a period bf waiting,
the' men declared a general strike---
Act of Folly ,'No. 3. It is instructive
to trace - tho growth of a dispute
through its different stages.- First.^a
little grievance, real or fancied; then
an^act-of defiance, insubordination, c
whatever one likes to call It; then a
big lockout; then a bigger strike; then
an. orgie of violence, the necessary
calling out of the militia; martial'law,
wholesale ar.rests of men whose character is as far, removed from' that of
the criminal as the sun is from the
earth,.order restored after a period of
anxiety and a large expenditure of
public money is badly wanted for
other purposes, and then—
"Yes, what then? Is there any sign
that"either the miners, the, mine-owners, the Dominion Government, or the
Provincial Government have got an
answer to the question.?,. What>' are
matters-really tending ;tq at Nanaimo
and the neighboring towns? Is. there
any likelihood either that the miners
will submit or that their late employers will "acknowledge defeat? Nobody
who has' been over in the strike zone
during.the troubled,weeks.of latev will
say that either event is. at all probable.- Peeling on both .sides haa been
wrought to a. high pitch,-and if*..will
require the cool head and the persna-
sive tongue of the conciliator, and a
willingness on both sides to listen to
reason- b.efore there will .be a chance
of re-establishing peace.' The amazing
thing; is'that the-.conciliator did not
appear on the'scene'long, ago. Before
the dispute took on its violent phase,'
the role was offered by the .miners
both to ■ the Dominion ,'Mlnlster. of La-
bor'and.the Prime Minister of the province. Why was'It not accepted? As
well expect an up-to-date fire brigade
to disregard a call to active service at
a" burning building ln.'the heart of a
city. The result would, be ,pretty
much the same—a state of things In
which it would be well night. Impossible to put tho fire out until incalculable harm had been done, ,      r};
"At the present 'time the people of
tho province are paying a heavy price-
for the maintenance of ordor In the
coal aroa, and tho mllltln are making
sacrifices and possibly1 running a certain amount of personal risk, to clean
up the rosultB of somebody's blunder.
Wo havo at least a right-to, know why
these sacrifices havo become necessary. In tho first placo, did Sir Hlch-
ard MoBrldo and Mr, Crothors, when
tho men asked them to Intorvono, decline to do so' of their own accord, or
did thoy first Inquire whether such Intervention would be -acceptable .to tho
mine ownors? If so, did tho mino ownors rofuso conciliation, and why? Thoy
had, of -course, a porfoct legal right
to refuse, but whon wo uro all paying
for a situation so closely resembling
anarchy, wo havo a perfoot right to
know all about any lost opportunities
of preventing It.
"Again, what Is tho obstacle ln tho
way of peace now? Tho minors de-
claro that thoy aro willing to discuss
torms. Aro the mino ownors equally
willing? If so, let tho parties got together, preferably with an impartial
person as mediator, and bring this dis-
ngroeablo crisis to an ond. So much
Is duo to tho man in the street, who,
having 'boon regaled* for a month with
lurid tnloB of law-bronklng, In many
cubob grossly exaggerated, now- wishes
'to know what tho dlsputo Is about, nnd
what aro tho chnncos of bringing
about a solution, Tho mine ownors
would do well to bo moro candid. Do
thoy wish to work tliolr mines In futuro with tho mon who aro now on
strlko, or with othorp? If tho formor
nltornatlvo,, why delay coming to a
conference? If tho, lattor, then it
means tho ucnttorlng of a <;,ommunUy
of vory flno mon. whom British Col*
umtjitt can ill spare.. Who would laKU
Hi-lr j/tWt*? VottttlDy ulhiir \yh\lv
mon. ln which caso thoro would' bo
anothor trhdo union boforo long and
the old trouble would have to ho faced
anew. Tho only otlMir courso opon il
n h1i» Influx nf nnhinliiftlvn AnlMlft lft«
bor, in reference t6 which thoro,la
only ono thing to >bo aald, &nd that la;
that tho pooplo of]British Columbia
would not stand for It.
"On tho voxod question of the om-
ployment of Aslntlwj It should be Mid
♦hat -thft miners thrynselves have not
an entirely clean record. Some year*
alto, lt Is rnlstPd. one of tho mine own-
era offered to do without s*Now latoor,
hut, as this waa found to reduce the
pay of some of the while men, the latter asked for their return, ao that thO
omployors cannot ho blamed for the
presence or Asiatic* in tho nlnet.
However, theve la uo doubt thnt the
public are in favor of iho mlnea being
worked with white men «u far aa poa-
aible, and if it should tm found potal-
ble gradually to remove the Asiatics
altogether, this, will do away^with a
prolific source of trouble. So far, however, this is-no part of the union-
men's demand. ' Their contention Is
that' if Asiatics "are' employed' they
should ibe paid at the same rate as the
white man for the same" kind of work;
but sentiment is in favor of'thelr employment'being confined to certain of
the less remunerative jobs oa the surface.     .      ,'   ■
"At the Jingle Pot Mine, the only
mine on the Island where peace has
boen established, the , miners - have
ooen granted the . terms ", they' have
been granted the. terms they have
been contending for-^at any" rate they
say that the conditions there obtaining would satisfy the workers now-'on
strike. These Include an'advance of
ton per cont on the-wages paid before
the strike, and a minimum wage for
white men going underground of $3.15
per day. Their claims, roughly 'speaking, is for a living wage, and few skilled workers in British Columbia ■ will
say. that anything less than the
amount mentioned meets that description...'Nor will the domestic coal consumer ln Vancouver or Victoria,-who
pays seven or eight dollars per ton for.
coal throughout the winter, havo any
tears, to shed for the poverty-stricken
mine owner compelled to disburse rather less than a dollar a ton In wages
to the miner.
' However, there Is no reason to fear
that the question of remuneration will
be difficult of adjustment. The real-
stumbling block, from the mine owners' point-of view, Is the demand for
the recognition of the union." .The
United Mine'Workers of America is
an organization having Its headquarters In the United States! 'Are we,'
the employers say, 'to put our interests in the care of a union controlled
from a foreign country?' The miners
with whom I conversed did not seem
to realize the strength of this objection. Suppose the United 'Mino Workers "were to declare a strike owing to
some" grievance under the United
States law, and dragged the -British
Columbia coal industry into the mire?
Or suppose some point was insisted,
upon which was offensive to Canadian
national sentiment? Again, it would
not be difficult for such a -body to
make' rules -which, while apparently
treating all alike,°would favor the industry of one country in competition
with its rival across the boundary line.
During" the present struggle there
have been persistent rumors that the
strike was being engineered by American capitalists who were jealous of
the prosperity of the 'British Columbia
coal industry, and who' had contrived
to 'get at' some of the men's leaders.
This rumor is almost certainly a fabrication, but the faot that many people
•believe it indicates.one of the'dlsad-
-vantages.of«a-«imionjContr_olllng Jabot
affairs in two different countries...
' "As , against the suggestion ■- that
they should leave the.American union,
the men have some strong reasons 'to
urge. • One is, that the mines aro largely: operated 'iby" American capital, and
controlled by American directors. If,
they sayr Capital .in BrltlBh Columbia'
Is to bei allowed to 'have American associations, why not Labor, also? A
second reason1, is that the United 'Mine
Workers of America have .expended
over $300,000 in strike pay and in othor ways, on the present struggle, and
It is against their sense of the fitness
of things to desert the organization
which has'helped them so materially.
It la also urged that, when Labor is
opposed- -to corporations possessing
great wealth, a little union with slender resources ls of no use. In- other
words,'when you have to meet a tilg
enegiy It Is best to.have a big.friend
with you,
"Still, I am inclined ,to think that
whon tho British Columbia men throw
In their lot with the United • Mine
Workers .thoy loft out of account ono
or two very Important 'considerations,
They ought to have romomborod that,
in tho event or a struggle the resistance to their claims would be all the
moro strenuous lt' lt woro supposed
that those claims woro being mado at
tlio dictation of a foreign committee,-
I nm nwnre tlint the British Columbia
district clalmB to havo comploto autonomy In matters of thin kind, Tho question Is, do tho employers boliovo It,
and Is tho rocord ot American, capital
and Amorlcan trado unlonB so clean
ns to placo their bona fldoB beyond
doubt? Another consideration Is, that
no body of mon ongngod In a labor
dlBputo can -afford to Ignore the opinion of tho outBlde public, Certainly a
Btrlko with a puroly Canadian union at
Ub baok would gn-ln a good don! moro
popular sympathy In Canada than one
financed by an, American organization,
It Ib a moot question whotlipr, ln tho
present strugglo, the American' entan-
glemont has not dono tlio Btrll-^erfl
moro hnrm than tho romlttnnce ovor
tho border of hundreds of thousands
of dollars Iiob dono thorn Rood.
'•PoBslbly tho American union may
linvo come to tho conclusion by now
that tho taking In of tho British Columbia miners hnB proved a costly experiment. If bo, tho way Bhould bo
clenr, assuming that tholpartlOB aro
willing, for cither a complete separation or for.BUcii 'Homo lUilo' guarantees as would remove all reasonable
objections to tho principle of recognizing the union, itio coal iiiuutur-y. ui-
UtUiitli Cultidihlu Ix al vrMi'iA only in
Its infancy, nnd with Hb development
thoro need ho no fonr that n purely
Canndtan union would lock cither
numbers or powor na'tho yoara go -by,
Monnwhllo n honvv rpunonnlhllltv
rost« upon anyone on elthor sido
whoieword or action tend* to prolong Uio Blrlfoj or "who 'neglect* nny
opportunity of bringing tho dispute to
a speedy end,
."Just ono suffgeition beforo conclude
Inff." T am persuaded that, na things
are. tbere can he llttlo chance ot set-
tllnir the dispute until tho mine-own-
ors and men's represen tail ves are
brought together in conference, The
employers have never cone to tho
length ot saying thai thoy would re
fuse any form whatever .of collective
bargaining. It is understood that .they,
object to -recognizing the "particular
Union with whlchlthe:meh hav© associated .theinselves, :an'd-.they- are- also
understood to', deny -..that the local
chiefs of the union-are "the" properly-
chosen representatives of the men.
Surely there ought to be a.way o^put-
tlng this to the test -Why should not
there be a ballot, iirwhich.every man
whose name was on the payroll of the
mines when the dispute .began could
take part, for tne purpose, of electing
half-a-dozen of their number to represent the men" in the peace negotiations? The men thus ^elected would
probably have greater weight in nego?
tiations than their, present leaders
have, and their election in this .manner would go far to remove any reasonable objection of the employers to
take part in a conference. The latter
should make it-clear .that they will be
willing to go into a conference under
these conditions. They would at least
be protected from the possibility—a,
remote possibility, perhaps—of having
to discuss terms with leaders, who do
not possess the confidence of the men,
"This, of course,' .would only be the
first step towards semiring a'- settlement. The actual • conditions under
tfhlch work could b'eAresumed-would
have to bp discussed. The only hope
for peace, e.yeh'then, would be a mutual desire to do justice, and to, find
a way out of a situation which has be-
".,' *>, (
come a disg-raee to, the intelligence" of
British Columbia."-.,  i '" ' .   '■,.
State of Ohio, city of Toledo, \
_.*-'.. ..Lucas County, •   |
' Frank J, Ch«ney,makes oath.that he
ls senior partner of the firm of P. J.
Chenej, & .Co., doing business ln the
City of Toledo. County and State afora-
sald, and that said firm will pay the
each and- every case of Catarrh that
cannot be cured, by the use of HALL'S
Sworn to before, me and subscribed
ln my presence, this 6th,day of December. A. D. 1886.
(Seal) A/W. GLEASON.   ' \ -
Notary Public,
Hall's Catarrh Cure.ls taken Internally and acts directly upon the blood
and mucuous surfaces of thq system.
Send for testimonials, free.   .
P. J. CHENEY &CO., Toledo, O.,
Sold by all Drug-gists. 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. - -   ■      ■, 1
Bar "supplied with the best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars -" "
Pacific Railway
Very low fares in connection with
Daily Nov. 7th to Dec. 31st inclusive
To  Montreal  and  Quebec   -   $76.10
To St. John   -   $84.10    .
Limit five months, stop over and extension'privileges.
"s   Full information re rail and ST HAsMSHIP TICKETS from-.
R. READING Agent    -     FERNIE, B. C.
 .''' ::  ."• ': .    ' or write        ,',-*-    ' , _    :
R. Dawson Dist. Passenger Agrt.
Calgary - - '-"        - Alberta
Hand Painted China, Jubilee Enamelware*. Kitchen Utensils
'  u   -'of all sorts,   {ck 'one- -week onlyA *
Commencing   Oct.   16th   to   23rd
Bellevue Hotel
- Best Accommodation In the Pass.-—   .
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.-—
Excellent Cuisine.'"
J. A. CALLAIM, Prop.
<h» fimllf rtmHy   tot  Cetthi  ti*t CaMi
■tola* sorts w ftnlt sua d«ts »» «a«hr
A Snap
Two Acres in
'  '" -If
M. A. Kastner
Real Estate and Insurance
■I •
ITcrniC) - Ba Cf ■        «"   fr .-;, ,V .,-
v\'~(&y. "v-": -*r v -'P'*x':\ ;-;,. ■'-. '•' - I■*.■*.- ■'-.■v,\. •»*   ■f,-^'.''
-"•^.t'f. SyrfAA^'Xt-yf-A'
X-S '   ■   ' ■ X'X 'X-: ■ ••■     - -,v • •   'i":7-ryy  j' *'. .
:      :;',;" .V  ., Established April 4899
7  «V     -:C    *  -•     '       - "     *    ''   '-'.\
.Wholesale. aiid. Retail.   TobaCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine.
Our Coffee is Good
Panic Reigns on
Burning Liner
Great Northern
Train for. south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern Mid southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and Chicago without change.
. Connection with all lake and Atlantic steamship lines.
PHONE 161. BOX 305.    i
Crew   Make   Dash   for   First   Boats
Launched — Draws Revolver — Cuts
,-Boat Tackle-.Officers' Heroism r-
Women   and*  Children  .Separated
from Men.
i .
The question is-asked. We
answered: "Loot around you
and see.    .,•    ■■
'  Investigation Discloses That
* Real Estate Prices Are Advanc-
Are you alive to the Bltua-
_; ^tlonJi_IL,y_DULare,we=,caii_shovL„l.
you a place you can make a  >
big,profit-on. '
Ab compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
- Dirt Cheap.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
Buropean Plan Room Rates
60o. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
wore the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
, LONDON, Oct 12,—-The latest accounts of the disaster ,to the steamship Voltufno, burned and abandoned
in mid-ocean on Friday morning, confirm' that the loss of life will be limited to about 136. The Carmania, tlie
first, of the rescue ships to reach the
i>drnin'g steamer, arrived off Queens-
town this morning, but owing.to the
gale, proceeded direct to Fishguard,
where she is due to arrive at 11 a.m.
A graphic story by the 40 survivors
aboard the Carmania was obtained by
wireless and presents a terrible picture ofthe horror, the panic and confusion aboard the burning liner.
Boats Swamped •
.Forty of the 136 persons lost-from
the bteamship Volturna. in mid-ocean
were in the two boats which succeeded in getting away from.the burning
vessel and which without doubt were
swamped.- The majority of the -dther
victims lost their lives when four other boats, were smashed against the
steamer's sides- in an attempt to
launch them. All this occurred before
the arrival of the Carmania and the
other liners summoned iby wireless
calls for help.
Arthur Spurgeon, a passenger on
the Carmania, in a wireless despatch,
supplements his own description of
the race of the Carmania to the burning vessel and the rescue of the passengers of the Volturno by the story
told him by'the survivor, Walter Trin-
tepohl,. who swam to the Carmania
and was rescued. Since being taken
aboard the Carmania, Trintepohl has
been in the ship's hospital, threatened
with pneumonia."  -
Alarm of Fire
Trintepohl' had .been employed  at
Barcelona and took third-class passage on the Volturno to secure' a position offered to him in New York.
"All went well," said Trintepohl,
"until 6 o'clock Thursday morning,
when' the fire alarm sounded. We were
aroused and told to go on deck, as
■fire had broken out in the hold. As
we assembled life belts were handed
around and much time was used in
fastening them. We were told there
was no ■ danger, but -the" captain
thought it wise to use the belts. The
fire frightened the children, who cried
bitterly. There \vere~ many babies in
arms.-      ,-, ,
Heroism of Officers
"The fire grew worse. We saw
"thingg"bltTzing"down_below; Xrabout
,10 o'clock there was a, cry to lower
the boats. The captain behaved splendidly. So did the officers, who were
English. I am sorry to-say that the
crew, who were German and Belgians,
behaved very .badly. The people rushed about wildly and tbe crew peemed
to think they'ought to have first place.
Instead of quieting the passengers
they, made the panic worse.-
• Cowardice of Crew
"The first officer took charge of the
first boat, but although he wanted the
women and children, a majority of
those who entered the boat .were members olf the crew. ■" This .boat was
smashed against the ship's side, just
as It reached th© water, breaking In
two, and all were drowned. Arrange-
mentB wore made to jower the second
boat, I cannot say who was In chargo
ot this, but I do know that after tho
chief steward had thrown provisions
ln he Jumped In himself. There wore
more men than women and children
In this boat, which did .not go down,
tor it waB broken against thc ship and
all woro drowned.
Third Boat Lost
"Those boats were amldBhlps. Three
other -hou'ts  were put* out nft.   Tlio
fourth officer was lu one of them, but
I cannot say which ono,  All wasebn-
fuslon.   Tho ropes broke and tho occupants woro thrown Into tho wator
nnd drowned or killed, When tho cap.
tain saw whnt had happened ho out
the tackle ot tho othor bonts so' that
thoy could not bo launched,
Captain Draws Revolver
"Wo wore so glnd whon wo saw tho
Carmonla come wo wild:   'Now wo
shall bo anved.'   Tho flromon rushed
up from 'belowand rerused to go back.
The captain, drew his revolver and
drove them'below, but soon after, as
the fire- was spreading, they were
obliged to abandon tbe engines,
• Women Hysterical
"As soon as the Carmania was sighted the captain made all the women
and "children^go to one side and the
men to the other. He had been compelled to. leave the bridge and go aft
because It was too hot. Women wept,
shrieked-, laughed and became hysterical.
"We saw. rafts sent- from tho Car-
mania, but-nobody told us to jump lu."
In fact, we knew not what they were
there for. ""About C o'clock tho decks
aft began'to get. very warm, then hotter and hotter. But we did. not seem
to feel the heat."
AVhen shown his boot with the sole
half burned through Trintepohl said:
"I don't remember this, but lt was
awful hot when the flames burst out,
. "I made for the German ship, but
they did not hear me. Then 1 came
toward the Carmania and shouted:
"Help, help,"and was seen by the aid
ot the searchlight. I was about an
hour In the sea and became half con-
selous. I know not how I was got
out. '
Burned to Death
"During ;the day five sailors and
one steward fell Into the fire and
were burned to death.
"I know nothing more. I came
away because" it was too hot to stay
any longer, and I feared the. ship
would blow up."
When Trintepohl was told that ac-'
cording to the captain's wireless message six boats had been launched and
two got away, he said:
"It is,not so. I was there all the
time and ,^aw everything. No boat
got away.". ' B
. The wireless operator aboard the
Carmania sends the following:   .
"Two boats were loaded from the
Volturno before the Carmania arrived
and 110 passengers were lost Disembarkation commenced before daylight.
Total number lost is 136'; as far as
A wireless from the captain of the
Devonian, one of the rescuing steamers, says that he has 59 survivors
aboard, comprising 18 men, "20 women
and 21 children, all well. This is the
same number previously reported. A
wireless message from the steamer
Seydlltz, forwarded from Bremen,
says she haB aboard 46 survivors in
stead ot 36, as previously reported,
This would account for the 10 supposed to have been aboard the Car-
mania, having been credited with 11
survivors, whereas she Is bringing ln
only one.
Captain's Message
.NEW YORK, Oct. 12.—A message
from Capt. Inch ot the steamer Volturno, the first direct communication
from a pereon who had been on board
the Ill-fated Uranium liner to reach
the office of the steamship company
here, was received today. It was sent
by wireless from the steamer Kroon-
land and picked up at Oessand,
France, and relayed to New York by
cable. ' It said:
"Volturno on fire, abandoned In latitude 48.29 north, longitude 34.49 west.
Approximate passengers saved 485;
approximate crew saved 25. . "
.    (Signed)   "INCH."
The Colorado Strike
Many Independents Sign the, Scale-
Work of Companies' Gunmen
Proves Boomerang
(By Frank J. Hayes in U. M. W. A.
Because they ar* THE BE8T ON THE MAR*
KET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at   ,
8AM GRAHAM, Minsgsr PHONE 41
Trinidad, Colo., Oct. 13.
The state-wide strike "la Colorado
went into effect on September, 23,
Practically' 95 per cent, of the mine
workers of this State responded' to the
call.   '   ' ■ ■-   '   '     .
The success of the strike has been
a great surprise to the operators, who
firmly predicted, before the strike ..was'
called, that not 15 per cent of the men
would respond.
A splendid spirit prevails in- every
mining camp .in, the State, and. the
men are- standing, loyally by the - qr-
Tpmizatronr^Th^operators-oi-practically every : important coal mining
State west- of the' Mississippi' river,
with the exception of Colorado, have
recognized■ our union and granted.us
fair conditions of employment, and It
goes without saying that we must
spare no effort to enroll this State
under the'banner- of the United- Mine
Workers of' America.
We tried In various ways to organize this State in- a peaceful manner,
without resort to a strike. We extended the operators two invitations
to meet with us In joint conference,
and did not etfen receive the courtesy
of a reply, In view of thoir failure to
recognize the' rights.of the miners of
this State, there was nothing left to
do but to strike, ■
vAfter our efforts to secure,a Joint
conference, failed, wo called a convention of Colorado * mine workers, to
meet at Trinidnd, Colo., on September 15. We also Invited tho operators
to attend this convention, but they
failed to npponr. Wo then formulated
our demands, which Include recognition ot tho union; a 10 per cent nd-
vanco on tonnage rates; the Wyoming
day wage settlo; nn eight-hour work
dny for nil classos of labor; tho right
to trade at auy storo without discrimination and the nbolltlon of tho no-tor-
torlous nnd criminal guard system
which hns prevailed In Colorado for
mnny yenrs, In ordor lo socuro thoRU
domnndfl tho minors In convention ns-
Bombluft1 docltirod n strlko.
Tlio strike hns only boon en nbout
ton days, and wo lmvo nlrondy Rlgnod
up with about thirty small companies,
BncuvlnK every one of tho nbovo demands, which Imb grently encouraged
time, and yet there is a scarcity oi
•coal all over the State, The railroads
are laying off a number of crews, and
factories and mills are closing down
for want of coal. The large- steel
mills at Pueblo; Colo., owned by,the
C. F. & I, Company, will be compelled
to close in the near future, according
to reliable reports, unless thia company signs an agreement with our organization.
Everything seems to be favorable
to our cause and, with loyalty and determination on the part of the men,
we are sure to win a glorious victory
in Colorado,
Preparing for Long Siege
Oak Creek, Colo., Oct. 13.
We write this to inform you that we
have a good local of the United Mine
Workers of America organized at this
place'and we would like to have a
bundle of the Journal, as some of the
boys want to subscribe for it.
AVe have a 'total membership of 414
members and all out on strike.   The -
-number of our local  is:, 2885,  Oak
Greek, Colo.
There are five mines in this district -
and we have tbem all tied up to a
man. Not a car of coal has been
dumped since the strike was called,
one week ago last Tuesday, and the
men are perfectly satisfied, orderly
and contented and busy preparing
winter quarters. • *
Hoping to hear from you ln tho
near future, we beg to remain,
Yours fraternally, -    -
^ J. L. FERGUSON, Pres.'
Thomson St Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie* B. C.
Local Agents
Ordcrjs taken throughout tlie Pa-ss
our people'and placed our organization in a favorable position before the
public.    The people of Colorado are
saying that If the small companies
can recognize our union and grant our
demands there is no reason why the
large companies can not do likewise.
The   independent   operators  of   this
State represent about one-half of the
tonnage, and from present indications
we expect to sign up with practical1^
all of them in the near future.   The
main companies that,are'fighting us
are the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, the Victor-American Fuel Company, and the Rocky-Mountain Fuel
Company.    The last-named company
has been fighting us in northern Col:
orado for the last three-and-one-half
years with the avowed purpose of annihilating  our  organization - in  this
support of the other "two large com-
panies'in their endeavor to accomplish
this task.   It Is evident that they will
fail in their efforts, as I am convinced
that there is no power on earth that
can destroy oiir movement In Colorado.  This fight out here not only concerns Colorado, but practically every
mining State ln the West.  If they' can
defeat us here they will, no doubt, try
the same thing In the other "western
States, so bur membership can readily
see 'by this fact that we must stay on
the job hore until victory crowns our
efforts. I have been In personal charge
of the situation out hero about threo
months, and expect to remain ln this
field until success Is assured.
The operators have placed about six
.hundred guards In this field for the
purpose of retarding our cause and
Intimidating bur people, but so far
these gunrdB havo injured the cause
of tho operators more thnn thoy hnvo
the cause of tho miners. A great deal
of shooting has occurred, and several
"bloodless battles" havo beon singed
by those Imported gunmen for Iho express purposo of placing our organization ln a bad light beforo tho labile, Thoir work hns beon ro crude,
howovor, that instond of making tho
public bollove thnt wo nre a band or
outlaws nnd nnnrelil-stu thoy hnvo convinced tho peoplo thnt thoy nro tho
chief cnuso of nil tho violence thnt hn«
Wo hnvo contlnunlly nd vised our
peoplo to conduct this strike on n high
pinup nud to net. nt nil tlmoH In n wny
thnt will commnml (ho vrmpoct of tho
public nnd tho civil nutliorlflou,
Tho strlko Iiiih henn only n Hhort
Pay Day
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, -'i.i"
Prices:        25, 35, 50, 75c
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'•   •._.' '.-' *-,', '.S.y">'.--^j^AA'S,..'y-''.. '""-», ; iv-v?**' y.v.;V,.v; A'~A '*''•'•* 77 AT.--"•"-',, 'Af-' \i' jS'A'A ••'■'('■'" :''*'77-'7"A'X': 7\:-S-:-'*i' Ar'SAyA'
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. - An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mailorders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No..48      Post Office Box No. 380
Under the above caption we are repeatedly reading articles in trade magazines, some of which are
written purely from a humanitarian. and otliers
solely from the profit and dividend viewpoint.
Now there is always a danger of both employer
and employee becoming narrow and disproportionate in their argument when discussing or writing
upon this very vital matter. The former is inclined
to attribute all accidents to the. carelessness of the
worker, while the latter will blame the operator for
insufficiency of safety measures and avarice. Yet,
strange to say, there are many cases when llie blame
can be apportioned equally. Understand, we do not
say always, but are compelled to admit that we
Lave had occasions come under our notice when the
worker by his fiction has not only jeopardized his
own life, but that of his fellow workmen. ' There
' can be no excuse when men will be criminally negligent and endanger the lives of others, and under
no condition of society can such be tolerated. Youth
has always been identified with a certain amount
of recklessness or exuberance and folly; it is only
part of the animal nature surfacing. But even this
cannot be tolerated when human life is at stake.
The most necessary condition to coal mining is
experience. The strength of the strongest worker
is a poor argument when the roof falls or an explosion occurs. This being the case, the first thing to
look for is caution and experience.'.    ,,
Ih new communities, where there is often an al-
' most insane desire to develop work and reach the
' market, the operator will offer big wages to attract
labor, and while there may be an insufficiency of
experienced labor there is never an insufficiency of
inexperienced labor, with the result that accidents
costly things to mine operators ahd they do not desire them. True, the toll they exact from tlie worker may be much greater,
Another very important factor in connection with
this is:" There is an ever increasing stream of immigrants from Southern Europe; these .men, in
many cases, never saw a coal mine and do not understand a word of English. This is another grave
source of danger and a perusal of statistics will disclose a very large proportion bf accidents among
foreign speaking men.       .    ~x
The other phase of the question, as far as the employee is concerned,- is a' purely economic one. . It-
is a question of securing a living—not.dividends.
If there is no timber handy the miner must not take
a chance., If he takes in more powder than the
regulations permit, he will be summoned and fined
or imprisoned. If he detects gas he must report
same or be prosecuted, while in'the latter instance,
if he is too fastidious, he may be told' that there is
no more work for him.
Capital, of course, is not affected to the same extent. The contingency with them is destruction of
property, delay in operation and compensation for
injury. The operator who neglects to make safety
provisions and has a run of accidents will naturally
find a decrease in profit, and1 as a result will be on
the wrong side of the ledger; therefore, if he-possesses any business capabilities at all will provide
every means to avoid disasters.    .
Nevertheless .the whole question to the worker is.
tliat of the hare and the dog. One is out for his life,
the other for his dinner.
The mine worker agitates for stricter laws'and
then enforcement of same; the operator also wants
stricter laws, but he wants the onus placed upon
the worker,- and if he can frame up matters so as
to hold the employee responsible, is never adverse
to so doing. This is his "come back" on "safety
first."   -
In spite of this there is, and always must be,
under existing, conditions, a certain responsibility
placed upon each'worker to safeguard his own and
his brother's life. The experienced employee' who
sees another worker guilty of neglect is guilty-' of
cowardice-if he fails to check him. If the offence
is repeated >the culprit should be -disciplined. We
want "safety first" in the mine and we ;ire agitating right along for this, but we owe a duty to ourselves, and that is toj see that laws enacted to safeguard us are carried out. The youth who tries to
burn up records" on the dinkey is not doing himself,'
his fellow worker or the company who employ him
any service, but he .is taking a chance that ws.y
prove disastrous to life and limb, leaving out the
question, of property. It is the duty of every experienced man to impart his knowledge to the inexperienced if by so doing he may avoid accidents.
What is required in coal mining today is a higher
technical knowledge and in spite of argument to
the contrary the operators will not be able to resist
the demands of an employee who has acquired this
knowledge;—The-m'aster-needs-this-every—bit— as-
much as we, and will always pay for same. Practical and theoretical knowledge means an increased
standard for the worker, and by acquiring this he
advances both economically and socially.   ..
Newjs of the District Carn^s
,"-   -' ' S.S -- \     a 'lis' , t, •-*,,-.-        ',-■•'.-   - '    *       X-
yy  7.A ~sA      -   (Continuedfrom Page 5)
Hillcrest—(Continued from page 5.)
their arrival on EWday evening Hlllcrest waa agog with,-excitement and
will all join' in extending congratula-:
tions. iWe hope the future-may prove
a merry round of happiness and bliss
tor them both.
Mr. Robert Legg, of Beaver Mines,
has .-recently rented the Union Hall.-
•He is conducting a moving picture
show three nights a week.
.Mr. Walter McLean, of Calgary, who
was .visiting friends in Hillcrest for
the last few weeks," returned home on
,Mr. Alex. Morrison, of Coleman, paid
a flying visit to Hillcrest on Tuesday.
Mr. Mark Stiggler was confined to
his bed the last week owing to having
his foot', slightly injured in the mine.
Blood poison' set in and" he was attended by Dr. Ross,' He is doing as
well as can be expected.
iMr. Robert Anderson moved him
family from Hosmer last week.-  ■
Joseph iPearson and family left for
a "trip to England on Friday- last. We
are pleased to see tliat fortune has
favored Mm to that extent.
'Mr. M. J. McKinnon, of Medicine
Hat, was a Hillcrest- visitor on Tuesday. , " ■
Arnold Martell, wiio has been away
for a few months visiting his relatives
in Nova Scotia, returned to Hillcrest
last week.
Mr. Joseph Johnston, of Franfc, paid
a visit to Hillcrest on 'Monday, on his
return, from Brandon, Man.', where he
was visiting his brother John, who has
been seriously ill for the last two
m'onths. ,
«><-»,♦ <*»-*♦♦♦♦ ♦♦*•*»
The old timers are gradually drifting in from the homesteads. Among
the lato arrivals aro John White, Jim
Bateman, Walter Goodfellow and Jim
Tabor streets arc pretty busy thoso
days with teams hauling • coal and
grain. Thero are four mines north of
town producing coal and having to
huul their coal to tho railroad. Tho
Tabor Transit Co. were unable to
raise money td build tho Uno for which
thoy obtained a chnrtor last winter,
According to tho conditions of tho
charter four .niilos of tho rond hnd Co
bo bd'llt this season, but thoro has
boon nothing dono. Sovoral cars of
stool and other material arrived horo
somo tlmo ago, and It is understood
tho C. P, 11, ha» taken lt over. Km-
mor, of Cn-lgary, who hns bought a
lot of Taber subdivision property, was
ub tho head of tho company, and ho
fltatud that the,* charto;- waq. for sale,
but it Rooms that neither o'f the bis
railway companion wantod It, II-costs
tho coal operators from olglity conts
to a dollar por ton for huulngn,
Tho mlnoH havo boon unorganized,
hut It snoniB 1ho prniwmt District TCx-
ocutlvo aro dotennlnnd to havo thorn
organlsied, International Organizer
"IHg Karl" waH working In tho ills-
trict until cnllod away by Uio Intornn-
/tlonul Vlco Prosldont to Colorado. Sub
District nonrd Mombor Laraon Iihk
'.boon In tho flold for a oouplo of wooks
mud during that tlmo has organized
two locnlH, ono at Hock Springs and
llm, other conipofind or mon from Superior Mino mid tho (IoMijji Wost,
who formerly bfllonned to Local 102.
this colliery employ* a fow mon nil
mimmcr nnil It will help koop,up tlio
union at Superior, which had' boon
closed down nil summer, Tlio men at
Hock SprlngR mode n big mistake by
conning work without -consulting any*
body, It HconiH thut tlio men thought
thoy woro getting short wulght for
thoir cars und demanded tho right to
put a check wolghmnn on tlm tlpplo,
The District Board held sessions on
Monday and -Tuesday of this Week in
the -parlor of the King George Hotel.
All members were present, except
iPres. Smith, who was too 111 to attend. On Tuesday afternoon the
Board met Mr. Bill Bullock, who is
operating the Eureka and White Ash
mines, and Superintendent Henderson, of Rock Springs and- Superior.
At present wo do not know the result
■of this conference, The Board concluded its business on Wednesday
forenoon and the varlouB members
went to thoir homes on the afternoon
train. Secretary Carter took the opportunity while in town of auditing
Socrotary's Patterson's books,    -
The wagos dlsputo of tho Eureka
mines lias at laRt been settled. Tho
men threw down their tools last Soptombor bocauso their pay did not como
through and the case has been In the
hands of Solicitor Palmer since. Tho
men rocolved their money In full on
H. Elmer, of Mlchol, was a visitor
to town on Monday on business with
the TSxccutlvo Board,
Tho ladles of tho town havo organized a Ladles' Aid In connection with
the now hospital,
Special services will ho hold In Knox
Church noxt Sunday nftornoon for tho
Sundny Scliool cIubbob, Parents nro
pordlnlly Invited to attend,
A concort wns .hold In tho Palm Thoatro on Monday night undor tho ntis-
pices of tho ladles of tho Methodist
Church, A lnrgo nmllonco attended to
hear Harold Jnrvls, tho tonor singer,
who wns tho mnln attmotion.
Tho milk wngon of Hobs Bros., who
run a dairy north of town, was run Into by an nuto tho other nlptht, Tho vo-
lilolo wns damn god nbout fifty dollars'
worth. Tlio driver of tlio nuto did not
stop to glvo nny nsHlBlnncn nnd as It
wim dark ho wns not reconnlzod nnd
Is still unknown,
Rov, W. F. Oold, flold Bocrotnry of
the .Alberta Tcmpcrnnco Association,
wnn In town Inst week (soliciting cam-
pnl«n funds.
Edmonton Is nftor tho Tabor hnckoy
tonm. W. II, Stanley, of tho hookoy
club of tho northern city, was ln town
latit week looking for material for his
club,  nnd   it  is understood that ho
or thr»y would emit.   Tho suporlntond
ont promptly told thorn to quit.   Tho ; rondo tho Cooks nn offer to go north
lll<:li.  ifliJli  nHilt, iiif Ul*) Olhilfi!<.»('  iilnl   tut  ii.u ht-tifciin.    TlitJ Tultcf Until  ll'i.l'V
formed   a   local,   but  the  company
claimed thnt Uio mnn had *n«lt thoir
large as the meeting had not been advertized, but those who attended heard
a very able speaker. v'
We extend our sympathey to Bro.
Archie Stevenson, who had the misfortune to lose his only child this
week. • Tho death occurred on the
homestead and the child was brought
to town for burial on Wednesday,
The Taber Furniture Co, has remodelled the front-of their store on Hough'
Street nnd hnd now plate glass windows put in, which improves the bundling considerably,
Snm Jones, district Inspector of
mines, was in town this week on his
usual round of duty.
•Bob McAllister was hi from tho
homestead this week with a load of
grain that brought fifty-nine cents por
bushel. That doesn't look good-to Bob,
who hauled lt tw only-five .miles.., Oh,
woll, Bob, you want to get out and root
for tho capitalist) politicians for a few
more years and then see what.you'll
got. There's nothing llko a Utile
pinching to make a man think.
Tho rogular mooting of Local 1.02
lakes placo on Sunday afternoon at
2.30.   All members please tako notico,
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
FOR SALE—Cheap, uivcallotl for Suits,
Pants, Overcoats, Vests and Ladles'
Conts: Pantorlum Tailors, ovor McLean's Drug Storo. 8-1
WANTED—Engineer with U, O. first
clnsB papers; must' bo thoroughly
competent, reliable and sobor; good
wagoa, Apply, giving references, to
Box 117G Fornlo, n. ti, 72
MINERS LOOK—Evory man who haB
a wlfo should-also havo a homo on
b fruit fnnn In Croston, Vou can
buy ns good land aB thoro lo In J).
C, from H, Lamont, Croston, Ji. C.
Only small pay mon ts required.   82
O, 11, UroBton (grown ot. my own
property). •■ Write mo your bent offer.   H. Lamont, CroBton, B. O.    81
lriHt year's champions of Alberta, bul
worn dono out of nn opportunity to
omiploy   and   thomforo, would   Imvn lenmpoto for tlio AHnn Cup.  Tho boys
nothioR to do with thorn.   Ono thing (will utay In town jjrovldlng tlmt tho
'rit*.,-    tinlttifi'ililti   In    ("nTiTlfPtlOtt    with
this Ib that tho mon who.did iho kicking wore tho foreigners, whilo tho
BngllBh Bpcnklng mon, with two exceptions, kept on working. At Superior tho conditions aro reversed, an
tlio foreigners aro the ones wfio li»vo
not ynt. ntpnod up, Evidently tho compnny lift* iln men nt work among
them. The Eureka men hnvo practically nil nlguftd up and have'bften *l>
HtWr.Tiu will TiuHd n rink. A witn hnn
boon given nnd a lumber mnn hns
ntcreod to furnish lumbor nt cost. All
thnt ronmlnB Ib to find monoy to pny
tho labor bill, nnd monoy Ib nn Rcarco
tun bona* tooth In Tnbor this vour. Tho
hookoy toam wna tho boat advertising;
•medium the town ever hnd,
A -danco will bo hold In Minors' Hall
on flnturdny evening. The nffnlr Ib
gotten  up (>y Rome ot tho forolijrn
Uchwl to Iwwnl 103 for tho proiont |«penklng mombor* of tlm locnl,
Th« mtn of th* White Art nnd <bo |   Uem. to Mr. and Mr*. J. Rtanthorpe,
In overy town nnd village In the
tt-      I        T ,      .   ,1 ,      ri '   I      1
1,9*.,        9   **.<,..,«ti.    V...J     M,.t    k<,»..**.    IMUIC
oy mnVlttfr .pTftpr-vtW nnd will fur-
nlflh bent of tlank and Commorclnl
refcronco. Oan furnish natnon of
ovor tour hundred satisfied clients
who havo mado substantial proflm
from lnvotftruents In proportlos I soil
to liiom. My AgttTiiii n,'i«o mnko good
money. Wrlto today for particulars
and socuro tho ngen^y for yonr territory, Robt. A. Grant, Financial
Agent, 1001, 1002 McArthur Illdg.,
Winnipeg, Man. 02
Car shortage was responsible for
laying the mines idle last Saturday,'
Monday and Tuesday. 'On Friday last
the loco -was sent to McLeod for the
usual cleaning and repairing and as
she did not return till Tuesday forenoon the few' rail-way cars available
got filled, so the men were laid idle.
Jim MeGuiness left here for Burmis
at the week end. For about two years
Jim was employed amongst 'the boilers and engines, and six months ago
got papers as engineer. Since that
time he has been working as "stoker
■on the local and became quite profl-"
clent in- making the puffer spin
around corners occasionally. A masquerade ball was fixed up for last
Thursday evening and it got whispered about that Jim.was going to masquerade as "Hell Fire Jack", of express train" driving notoriety. Be that
a shift' off on that occasion and as he
met with a refusal he saw ■ the
master mechanic, who placed him
on the l"oco. • Knowing him to be
a _ steady and regular workman,
'Bob at once granted' his request
and arranged for a substitute to
take his place. This gave rise to the
question as to who was -really his boss,
reminding us of the parson who, upon
hearing a quarrel between a husband
and wife, butted in to tho cottage and
demanded to see the boss of the
house, to which the-good lady replied-
"If your reverence wants to seo tho
boss, you won't have long to wait, for
I havo him about whacked now."
Ed. Joice, who was made barn buss
In the early part of the month, bid the
gee gees good-bye for the present aiid
started in Jim McGuiness' plnco on
the loco. R. O, Thompson, teamster^
hns chargo of tho *barn In the meantime.
Ernest .Broadlmrst left here for
Fernlo In the early part of the.'-week.
Ernio wns elected as rdcordlng secretary- of this Locnl over n month ngo.
He wns a good union man nnd a vory
rogular nttender nt local meetings.
Billy MoFnrlano, of -operating and
prospecting fame, loft here' In tlio
early part of this wook to co'mmouco*
operations on somo of his properties
on tho South Fork. We wish you success ln your attempt to find tho bidden treasures, Billy, for you havo had
a lot of hard luck In your time.
Wo got ln a few moro Bubs towards
tlio Mllllgnn fund roportod previously,
but tho dollar moBt prltsed wna ono
sont from Bollovuo by Mr. Jaa. Burke,
local accrotury, who enclosed lt when
sending a transfer to.Beaver Local.
Block Cnn! Co, will be organized lato
another local. Vlco Prosldont Om-
ham will bo 1" charge of tho work and
will bc a?olatcd by A. Mc*nob<"rt» «f
lAtnt 102. i'
on Wednesday morning;, a daligliler.
A few nlgbtn nine* a lecture was
ffken In tb" Mln-m' ITsIl bv J, Cotarle,
arjbfwf, "Thit t*lnnn jlrw/r/fJe In Veir! 4f
Zoaland."  Tbe audience wai not very'
Coletnin defeated Bollovuo
4-0 at Michel oa We-dnenday
and will, haf* to meet Coal
Creek at Michel on Monday,
lilcfc-off S ©Vlotk,
Tom NnnBon nnd BUI Kerr woro out
lit tho South Fork chlckon hunting'
l«Bt woolc ond and returned with qulto
a nlco bag.
Wo nro Borry to nnnounco that our
old friend Cloorgo Hlchards Ib vory
Hick, having boon on tho Blck list for
a wook. Buck up, Qoorgo, you nro only
one, but tho party mlBse» you and thoy
hopo to boo you woll In tito iionr future, n '
•Mr, nnd Mrs. Marshland hnvovjoft
thoir ranch horo nt Pagsbnrg for n
wli Ho and aro know living at Maplo
Mtko Hob in son, an old timer In tho
i'niia, ami who now haa ft ranch at. tho
~S\itil)i V^iii, i\l,viii lilt, Umliy mom in*
Hide, blow Into camp last Saturday nnd Ib working hero at the mlnea.
Hard work, Mike, although the bourn
aro shorter than onjoyod by the farm*
Mr. J. Tlibmn-fl, auporlntondont at
tbo mines, waa an abaentoe boro for a
fow day» Inst wook, having gone to
Fornlo and adjoining campa on bual-
noas, leaving Mr. Nat. Uowolla In
A grand »wppnr and -ilnnett w«i» held
at the Slovak Hall here at Paatburg
laat Saturday evening. Tbe occasion
wa» the .celebration of Mr. Wartnl Po-
petch's marriage, which took placo In
Coleman a week or to ago. Thero waa
a flno, attendance and evorybody en-
loved « rood time. A grand apread
waa provided durtog tbe Interval on
thtt hnttfim rtoor of (&ts fca{! tlntf owf-
ono did Justice The program war then
continued until-the wee sma' hours of,
the morning, and very few indeed were
to be seen at breakfast time Sunday
morning. We .hope' that' Mr. Wurzel
and his newly-made bride will enjoy
many happy days.
We are sorry to announce the departure of Miss "Dennis, who has vacated her position,as -school mistress
here at iPassburg andjgone oast Her
position-has been taken up by (Miss
Bell.-' • ~ -      >      .,.
Tom Brown, wife and family, from
Hiilcrest, were visitors here at Passburg last Thursday at th© homo of
Dick Beard. Alfter spending the day
taking in the sights of passburg, they
left on ..the local that night for home.
The '.'Observer" is now able to announce the date of the concert to be
held by' the Passburg Male Voice
Chbir, which will take place on the
15th of November,- when the boys will
endeavor to acquit themselves as honorably as possible.
The "Observer" is sorry to announce
that he overlook'the publication'of the
social held at" the home of' Mr. and
Mrs. Bob Barnhlll, at Police Flats, last
Saturday week. However, ■ it goes
without saying that It was really the
finest social that has been held here
for some time. The invitations were
numerous and there was a fine crowd
Jn attendance, -with Mr. John Thomas
in the -chair. •
•Mr. Billy Plcton, from Frank, with a
friend -were visitors here last Sunday.
Thursday afternoon the Secretary
posted notices at the pit head to the
effect that the regular, meeting of the
Local Union would De held at 10
o'clock on Sunday morning at the
School House, Burmis. When Secretary Harries asked the secretary' of
the School Trustees, Mr. Phillips (ac;
countant of the €oal Company) Cor the
key of the School House, he was informed that, the Local would have to
pay ?15 ' for every meeting. - That
would mean $30 a month ■ and ,only
meet twice a month, which would be
an exorbitant price for four hours' accommodation. Our Secretary had previously ^understood from the general
manager ((Mr. Dougal) that the rent
would be$4 for every time used by
the Local, and only for transacting
strictly. union business. That was a
distinct understanding between our
Secretary and the management of the
Davenport Ooal Company and also one
of the School Trustees. However, we
trust that'the mine workers "Of Burmis
will show a little more determination
In the near future and own a substantial hall for their .own use. '
-The drivers are still engaged in .performing extra hours-of labor at the"
Burmds.Colliery, nine and ten hours a
day underground. In the opinion of'
the Ooal Company officials this is not
tion Act of Alberta. This, we main-
.taiii, is in contravention of the above
Act and the matter has been reported
to 'Mr. Asplnall, the District .Mine Inspector, some three months ago by the
authorities of Burmis, who witnessed
all the drivers coming out of the mineJ
at five o'clock. However, we have
heard no more about lt but believe-
that it is the duty of the Mine Inspector to see that laws' already .enacted
should be enforced. What material
benefit is an Inspector if not in possession of such power? Our secretary
has been instructed to -place the matter before' the Chief Inspector bf
Mines, 'Mr. Stirling," and- wo will, see
whether the last named has any jurisdiction over these gopher bolos. This
mine has been Idle for the Inst six
weeks for tho want of orders and ,to
exeouto what they have just now the
Chinks' laundry at Macleod would al-
.most fill the bill. On tho other hand
there are plenty* of men seeking em*
ployment every day at Uie .pit head,
nnd last Thursday the pit boss turned
nwny about twenty-flvo mon boforo
noon. Really thoy have no oxcuse for
working men overtime. But It, seems
nowadays that tho golden rule In tho
■production of conl Is cheapnoss always; down,with expenses to a minimum, and Jiavo no system whatovor.
Mr. W. Duncan, accompanied by Allan, tho scientific mixologist, and Dnvo
BIsaett woro visitors at tho Cameron
ranoh on Sunday last.
1 Mr. Harry Smith, of Lundbrock, was
visiting Passburg on business Monday
last. Harry says that ranching ls ODW
per cont bottor than conl digging. Wo
ruobb ho wan referring to No, 7 mino,
Michel, where only nu\ko upa prevail.
Wo aro Informed that - Brother
If. Ynnrby, of BurmlB, who wnB Injur-
od Internally Inst Mnrch at tho Davenport Colliery, has boon ndvlsod by our
modlcnl offlcor to roturn to hospital
again, Whothor thoy consldor an op-
oration Is noooBBary or not, wo aro not
In a ponltion tojuay.
Tho BurmlB pool room Ib now opon
for bi/fllnosB undor tho mnnngomont of
Woloh & Co, Wo wlsli.you buccobb
In your now ontorprlae, Jack,
Mn "Ji Williams, tho 100 yards sprln-
ter.-.of Bellevuo, was a*'vlsitdr. at the
Passburg Hotel on .-Sunday last.
; Miss Alice iMaryancik was in attendance at the WaseJjBopeck' smoker,
supper and dance Saturday, evening,
which was ;held in Slovak Hall, Passburg, -under the auspices of' Wasel &
Bopeck.Oomipany.'of Police'Fiats.
Miss Jessie Duncan and Miss Alice
Daniel, of the. Passburg Hotel, were
in attendance at the- Presbyterian
Church evening service on" Sunday
last --■>.'■'        ■'       .;'
The mines are going full swing and
the hoist for raising the timber to top
of tipple at No. 6 min© is almost completed-; also the engine at Noi' 5 shaft-
It is understood,tbat when doors;etc.,
for ventilation are ready No. 3 shaft
will be used exclusively for lowering
and raising' of men.' The abject in
view is to cause no delay in thehoist-
ing coal.   \ , ,*
J. O. Jones, president of #ie Alberta
Federation of Labor, and Mr. B.'Vick-
erage, of Medicine Hat, .vice president
made a hurried trip to Edmonton the
latter part of last week on becoming
aware of the ,fact that a delegation of
the Builders' Exchange was there urging the -Government to pass an amendment to clause three of the Compensation Act, which wouidbe detrimental
to all workers In the Province of Alberta. This only goes to show that
at all times it Is necessary to have
someone interested in the labor movement-in touch with the House of Legislation when in session. They hqve
returned,with the assurance of-the Attorney, General that anything ' detrimental to the working men of Alberta
would not be sanctioned by the Government. ,   .    a-
The civic ratners neid a unique
meeting on Thursday evening of last
week,' the object of same was to curtail the current expenses or wage bill:
After discussing the" pros "and cons,
they found, themselves in the unenviable position of- having no other recourse but reduce the salaries of the
different "officials.. /.;Wby?~   Because...'
there -was nobody else tb cut!   What a V
contrast to last year's methods when?
at nearly every: meeting of-'the CounV,
ell thea-e was an application, from hue
officlalor another for raise of .salary,
which was granted- writhoutJiesItatton;
In the.: columife of, this/paper, I' endeavored.to draw the attention of the*
ratepayers to tbe overlapping on most •
of civic and public work going on then,
and the wanton waste of public money
on. automobiles for every official or
straw boss connected ;with the cityi At
tbis same extraordinary meeting it
was decided-to offer these for "sale.
At the -present estate of things dn all
.probability one third of the, original
price will not-be obtained.
Dave Coutts and family has removed to Hardeville to out out the long
walk home ln the-early morning before the winter sets in. Wise man,.
Dave.-'  ■ ,   -    - -" •
The' School Board bas a gentleman
going around Staffordvl-lle, taking
names of all those desirous of attending the evening classes for .the teaching of the English language.. It ia to
be hoped a good number of the young
men' especially will avail themselves •
of this opportunity.
Thursday and Friday, Octi 23 and 24
The above company will stage the
popular and highly amusing comic
opera, "The Beggar Prince,"' Thursday night, and on -Friday night "Said
Pasha" The company is one of the'
best touring Western k Canada and
have a carload of special scenery,
while the chorus is the best and prettiest aggregation seen dn this town.
Possibly, what is most important, the-
management guarantee them to be
able to sing and dance..
There  will be a special1 train for
Coal Creek, particulars,of whidi will"
be posted on notice board. - '
The Working Mens Glub
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
=== Tables==        <
Entries for Billiard and Domino Tournaments close on 22nd.,   Entrance' 25c., No fee charged to uso Club, which is open to a!L
B. Rawson
Ladies' and Gent's
Costumes & Suits
made  to measure
Fit guaranteed . .
Steam & French
Cleaning .   ,- .   .
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P.O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B.C.
Prom the Well Known Fairy
Tale given by Andrew Lang
"Quo Vadis"
A Tale of the Christian Martyr in Rome,   In Three Reels
Wo have Ju»t nddod to our oxcollent program ono 'ml of LlconieJ Comedy, and "Patho'a Weakly" awry
A Feature every Day at the "Isis" where
the Crowds Go
-, // it £*   *-   *>'""S'1
''  -   -     '- '» .-•.'  ,,'" ".'",'     "-','   .'    •"'.""•!,  '"- .".'-:■'.'„.'.    .    , • .' .' '"   "■   -     ', * ,-'>*"-.'• t;        .     ' ' ''  *   "  \   .' *  ' ' A- ' ' % ' '    ■• ~ ' , - •    *
.   I
-. *
.1 s ;•" ■>-»•, ■
♦ ♦' ♦ ♦"♦ ♦ ♦'*• ♦ ♦ ♦"♦ ♦'
Coal Creek were at Michel last Saturday, but failed tb'make; good. The
score was 2-0, but tbe boys intend to
- reveree.-matters tomorrow in the Cra-
hwa. Cup final at' ^lichel. All those desirous of being on tbfj spot -must travel by the 9.20 local from Fernie on Saturday-morning.
'" After the game last Saturday a sojourn was made to the Hotel Michel,
■-• where A." J. Carter, secretary of the
■Crow's, Nest Pass League, presented
tbe cup to the Coleman captain in a
•few well-chosen remarks. The captain responded, after which Secretary
Carter presented the travelling bag
to, W. McFegan, captain of Coal
, (kindly donated by TrItes-AVood Co.)
Creek, who ably responded. Cheers
were given for the two. competing
clubs, after which, a sojourn was made
to the bar, where the management filled the cup with three star, which, was
.partakep. of by. all. Of the, game itself,
it.must be said that,the best team won
on the day's play.
....The final tor the Crahan Cup takes
, place at Michel bn Saturday, Oct. 18th,
; ibetween Coal Creek and Coleman. The
Coal Creek boys are full of determination to .annex the'handsome trophy.
We await developments.
Mrs. William .Newberry and1 daughter arrived back in camp after a few
months'vacation spent in the old land,
' Yorkshire, England. Pity thb blood-
lound didn't hear of the pending arrival. ' ' -~7 '
.Mrs. -Mark Branch, was the lucky
possessor of .the magic key for the
sewing machine at the Co-operative
Store.   Accept our congratulations.
The 'Board of Management of the
-Ooal Creek Club have decided to again
present the children of Coal Creek
with presents from the Christmas" tree.
The sub-committees are going round
' taking census of the children.
Sounds of great rejoicing emanated
, ;frt>m the bouse occupied by 'Mr. and
, Mrs. -Frogman, Coyote Street, the occasion being the arrival of Mrs. Frog-
, .man from her home In Germany- Tbe
bloodhounds were quickly on the trail
-and-all necessaries for, the inner man
' were provided' in regal 0style. Everybody voted having^bad a good time.
We were pleased to see one of our
. "boys" endeavoring to qualify for a
..position as nurse. ,You did not shape
bad at all, Teddyi' "experience teach;
If the. officers of the. local don't-know
it all tbey" are supposed to.
• The first" business of importance
brought' before Tuesday's meeting was
a circular from the International advising the-membership of a 50 cent
levy per member -per month to carry
on the organizing campaigns already
in progress on Vancouver Island, in
Kentucky and Colorado. The -appeal
wasNworded in such flowery language
that the members simply couldn't resist it and voted unanimously, in favor
of paying the said assessment.
Like our Fernie brothers, we also
have an- eternal question at Hosmer,
or at least two or three of them, aiid
while we don't drop through the wash
house floor in a nude condition, lots
of questions are asked- at each meeting relative to the spray's that were
promised in the sweet long ago. Tool
stealing seems to be another of the
"eternals," and it is strange that -we
who are so brotherly that one can't
find bis tools -bait the time. Various
■remedies have been tried to check
this "BM-Sykes" game wjth more'or
less -success, "mostly less.? However,
the super is at present giving, this
matter his attention and after a, few
of us get "canned" probably it will be
safe to be seen with a saw, etc.
An appeal from the American Federation of Labor for "the Calumet
quartz miners was read, and- providing
we bave any dough in- the bank their
appeal will-not beJnvain.
The pit committee were "also given
a job or two not of a very serious mature, although we bad lots -of debate
on the subject, .during which one of
the-pit committee got rather angry.
Don't get excited- when you're on the
floor, boVe.
•A, few bills were also ordered paid
and the meeting ended with the singing of "God save Tom' Mann."
-Just one word, to the members. Get
tbe fellow who works with you into
the union.      .-.,.'
tives at Saturday's League meeting
agreed on behalf of their respective
clubs to play home and home games
for the Aldridge Shield, the team
scoring the most goals in the series to.be declared the winners of the
trophy, proceeds to go to the widow
of the late Jonathan Graham,.of Coleman. iTbe first -game takes,, place at
Hillcrest on 'Monday, the 20th, Thanksgiving Day*. It was decided to avoid
expense v as far as possible and tbe
Hosmer players have already expressed their willingness to pay their own
expenses. It is to be hoped a bunch
of. boosters will travel with the team
The Hosmer team will be chosen from
the following: Alec Adamson, Andrew
Adamson, G. McQueen, J. Wardrop, W.
Balderstone, J. W. Bateman, A. Mc-
Kelvie, Jas. Bain, T. Oakley, W. Reilly, D. Thornton, J. Myers, A. Rice ahd
H. Hutson. Team will travel on the
morning's local. Cheap fare can be
obtained. The Hlllcrest boys promise
a good time, so let's have you all
♦ . ♦
The library and reading room at the
Club is now fixed up and was taken
possession of during the week. • One
can now' enjoy a.quiet perusal- of the
'books and -papers.
The lumber for the new "coop" has
arrived and we look for a start being
made on the building ln the near future. "■   .
Who was' the individual who, ,ln his
•anxiety to get to work, tried to put an
alarm clock In' his pockot instead- of
Ills watch?    Oh you Billy.
Tho Tee Poo boarding house lii undergoing treatment at the hands of the
' <al8ominer8, etc. .
' Wo are pleased to, see Jack Manning around- again after his recent illness.
Owing to the non-arrival of railroad
cars, tho rnlnos up here wero Idle on
- Friday morning BhSft.
•Preparations aro feeing made for the
building of ti now locker houso at the
- mines, tho present places' being Inadequate for tho numbor of men em-
-ployed, '       -
JDrnost Broadhurst, on old tlmo resident of tbls camp, Is back again renewing acquaintances. Tloasod to soo
you looking eo woll, old man.
Groat progross haft beon made during'tho weok with tho building of tho
now brick Cathollo Church up hero.
The structuro ls showing slgnB of completion.
Tho danco commltteo havo posted
notices to tho offoet that boiis of clwb
mombors from 14 to 18 years of ago
can become members of.the dancing
cIubb by purchasing monthly tickets,
'' "n por month, and that glrlfl from 14
to 10 years must bo aoooropanlod by
iparont& or guardians or wrltton permission of samo, boforo becoming
Tho rnlnos havo boon freo from nc-
cldoilts of a boHoub nnturo during tho
Inst wook.  Congratulations I
All Toada load to Michel on Saturday for tho flnnl of tho Crrtban Cup.
whon tho local loathor clmsora moot
Coloman P. C, A good fast gamo Ib
anticipated. Now, you boosters, rally
•round tho boya ln rod. Tho llno-up
for Coal Creole Is as follow*: Unnns,
MoLotchlo, MoPogan, Sweouoy Manning, Whyto, Harper, Partridijo, Gar-
vlo, Jolnson, Johnstone. Yates, Martin, MoFogan,1 Booth, Armstrong, to
travel with tho team.
Hosmtr Loeal Union Notes
Tlio editor of Iho Ud«or having petitioned tho Local to record IU wookly doing**, your bumble was lnstruotod
to imndlo this rather dollcato and tick-
Huh Job. I oxpoct to rot tripped un
boforo many mooting*) havo clapsod,
but BU8SB will havo to tako tho medicine providing It doesn't got too
However, Utoro'B ono pleasing foaturo In oonnoctlon with iho Local
meetings that wo can mention, anil
that is thst wo can generally got a
fairly well attended meetln*. our av-
«rag« toeing about forty, which seems
to compare favorably with the Gladstone Local ut> at Pernio. Our trouble* Is we land all the irrievancr*, great
am) small, found or unsound, nothing
doing la the «c*r«4 Hae with the Hoe-
roer buneh. -Hosmer Local, in fat*, te
looked npo* tu no information bureau.
Some of the enthusiastic boosters
of Hosmer • who ' claim that- Hosmer
coal.-contains, more rock than any-
tnlng else, have started" to ship in
their fuel'supplies from, Michel, the
Hosmer Livery.Co. being busy distributing the same round -town. Talk
about shipping, coals to Newcastle,
probably' will soon-be-hearing that
Michel ccial and Hosmer rock gives
about'the same heat, with tbe latter
costing less.
Nothing is too good for Hosmer. lt
seems the - Hosmer' 'industrial have
prize. apples. -What with prize apples
and Michel coal things are beginning
;to hum. '■■''■.
E.. Sutherland, of Nelson, govern-
mient boiler Inspector, was boiler testing at Hosmer during the week.
E. J. Bennett, of Maplo Creek, Sask.,
.is at present renewing old acquaintances in Hosmer. E. J., -who used to
be in partnership with his brother In
the hardware business, In Hosmer,
started. ih the' same line at Maple
Creek about two years ago and reports things good-,, if not exactly-flourishing.'
The friends of 'Mrs. O'Connor, who
was seriously 111 for a while, will be
pleased to learn that she ls Improving
The camiis ot the Elk Lumber Co.
below Hosmer, have closed- down for
the season, tho bank remaining open
Saturday for the purposo of cashing
cheques. .Business Is reported,a llttlo
brisker around, town ub a consequence.
Tho building oil the school addition
is going on apace,and ls expected to
bo ready to accommodate tho kids in
the near future.
P. Labollo"was a Penile visitor Monday.
W. Balderstone was representing
Ilosmer nt -Saturday's League meeting
at Michel and reports that Hosmer Ib
not to bo the sceno of tho Crahan Cup
final ns rumored, They like the -big
gatofl thoy got at Michel too woll to
consider any othor spot,
-It, Ih vory nlco ol' you to express
such •sontlmont, but coming down to
biz., lt would look much nicer to us
If you would pay your iIucb.
Somo of tho Austrian baching fra-
tornlty roaming in Hoaruh of Home
choap firewood got thoir peepers on
a fow cholco' logs owned by A. L, For-
tlor In tho vicinity of Camp 3 and proceeded to Btnok samo up ln thoir wood
flhed. Mr. Portlor, liowovor, fallod to
eoo Uio Jolio, and. tho culprits woro
hnllod boforo J. P. Urown and soaked
flvo bonos each and costs.
Government Agent IJurna was a bus*
InosB visitor to HoBinor on Wednesday
.Bill Pcrblo, tho young Austrian who
waB chnrged at Pornlo with forgery,
was lot off on suspended sonlonco, tho
Judgo Allowing lonloncy on account of
bis youth.
P. G. Waters has returned from a
long sojourn In Spokane.
Hindoos made tliolr first entry Into
Hosmor during tho prosont wnolt and
woro .boisterously roeelvod (wo don't
think) by Hosmor1* United Empire
TjnvnllHt*.   Tt. Is understood tliov nro
"Mr. H. Elmer, financial secretary of
our Local, was elected as delegate to
attend the District Board meeting
-held at Taber, there being matters of
importance that tbe Local Union wished to present to the,Board for their
. Two Russian laborers met with an
accident-on the new incline on No. 8
side on Friday last, It seems one- of
•the ropes attached- to the bull wheel
broke, causing the main rope to swing
to the side on which the men were
working, ©oth men, who were bruised
about the face and body, were taken
to tlie hospital, where they were attended to,by, Dr. Weldon.
■Mr. Sid. Best,' who -has-been1 prospecting up the Elk Valley, has arrived
back in camp again.
Mr. Robert Stewart, formerly man^
ager of the Corbin mines, passed
through - Michel on ' Monday last en
route for the Brazeau- country.
The Italians of Michel have decided
to open a co-operative store. They already have the necessary funds for
the purpose and they have also' made
arrangements to.rent a store in' New
Michel. No doubt it ■will turn out a
success as the people here understand
the benefits that are to ibe derived
from co-operation; '  ' 7'-,
Mr. -M. J.: McKinnon, ,who has been
absent fromi town for several months,
bas returned again and is residing at
the Sanatorium.  "
Mr. Jean Fumeau and Mr. Guillon
and their families have moved into
their new houses on the new town
•Mr. R. Thompson, manager of the
■Wholesale Liquor Store, got a telO-
gram- last Friday night saying his father had died at his home In Michigan,
U. S. 'A. He left on- Saturday, morning to attend the funeral.
iMr. and Mrs. P. H. Dubar, of Fernie,
spent Thursday visiting in town.
W. H. Barietl, of the Blairmore En-
terpnize, spent last week end in Cowley.
Married, at the Methodist parsonage, Frank, on Thursday, October 9th,
Joseph Brown, of Hillcrest, tb Miss
Margaret Richardson, of Co. Durham,
, 'Mr.- John. Green wold, who has been
in Frank for some time, left last Friday for his old home in England.
Mr. -Scott, who has lived and worked in Blairmore; left on aaturday night
for England to join his wife and ifam-
ily-and in future reside there.    •
Mr. and Mrs. Smith, of Lundbreck,
spent Sunday in town, the guests of
Mrs. Wilcox.
•A Dundee, Scotland, newspaper received in town the past week had in
it a picture and account of the death
of General Sable, father-in-law of Mr.
Howe, cutter in the-41 Meat Market
here... The General was over 90. years
of age and in the -picture -wears the
dress of the Crimean war. The paper
contains an Interesting account of the
General's experiences.
Dr. McKay, who has been the physician for this camp for some years,
is nOw erecting-a hospital in Blair-,
more and as soon as it is completed
he will move away from our town. 'We
are sorry to lose the doctor, as well as
the accommodation that the' hospital
affords, but we could not expect' him
to stay any longer when business is as
dead as.it is. Frank is evidently departing' this life when the doctor gives
up hope.       ,
An old citizen o£ Frank who left us
and could not stay away, returned to
town on Tuesday in the person of Kas-
per Hobub. Last fall, when the mines
f , l*.4.U.*r.l. ttt*.t*.l       ». ,,t      W     0|<)VI<I,*W
to Work for P. C. Dubois, Who Ml | wnflPWfli pnmprWnjr'of ijnnrlH
tukuiu over lliu tuufcor umlw ot A. U.
Wack to tbo cast of town. Punny;
■some jM»opl« want to save (?) tho
worker from tho ronl estate mnn but
thoy won't save a Job for their whlto
Prom nil accounts two or throo of
jUoBrldo's Hosmer backhands are trying to rustlo tho district coroner's Job.
"Every little bit helps," Is a pretty
good slogan. Even monoy Is being bet
tbat IV gots the lob.
Tho *flHw*ni» or Hofmur ttrm Invlffd
(o the nest Board of Trade meeting,
which takes placei In the Colo Block.
Monday, November 3rd, at 8 p.m. All
householders believing In horsee,
cows, plga and chickens being kepi
Indoors specially requested to attend.
Don't forget the Oddfellows' ball In
the Optra House October 3JsL Tunc*
Ing rommofiwt at. 9 p.m,
Mr. _\V. Beddlngton and Bert Davies
made a successful bunting trip up the
Elk Valley last week and brought
back the largest goat head ever seen
in this camp.      ' .
The Sunday School children of the
Methodist Church walked In a procession down to New Michel, accompanied by the Michel Bass Band,-on Sunday last, .the band playing several sacred marches on the way, Tbe band
has made considerable improvement
since Mr.- Alex.* Almond has taken
over the leadership and great credit,
is due to him for the able manner in
which he has brought it -up such a
high Btandard.
A very interesting wedding took
place on Monday, October 13, when
Mr. P. Zorattl, proprietor of the Vene-
zla Hotel, was married to Miss Theresa Sltar', daughter of. Mr. Joseph Sl-
tar, of Michel. A large, number of
friends accompanied1 them to tho Roman Catholic' Church, which was nicely, decorated "for tho occasion. The
marriage ceremony, was conducted) by
tho Rev, Pathor Melssner, after which
a reception was held nt the Venezln
Hotol and a grand dinner provided. In
tho ovonlng a danco was glvon Jn„tho
Vonezl.i Hotol. Almond's orchestra
nnd iMIchol Band supplied the music
Every person reports having a good
tlmo nnd camo away wishing the happy couplo long life and happiness.
Last Sundny Rally Day was celebrated 'by tho Sunday School scholars
of tho MothodlBt Church,    The Old
Town   scholars   nasombled   at   tho
Church, nnd accompanied by tho Town
Band, foil In line and paraded to Now
Town, all of whom apponred to thor-
oughly approclnto tho musical efforts
ot instrumentalists.   Tho New Town
scholars  met ut  Martin's  Hall and
marched- toward Old Town to moot
tho Bdiool.  Thoy Joined forcoB by tho
rontbnll  ground  and  tho  procession
procooded   to   Martin's   Hall.   Not-
wlthHtnudlng thn stato of tho rondu
and tho Inclemency of tho woathor experienced lately, thero wns a largo
turnout.   Old Sol, liowovor, was pood
and smiled on us. all dny.   An tutor-
ostlng proKinin wan rtlvon in Martin's
Ilnll to a full house, chiefly juveniles.
In tho evening tho worshippers ut thc
Methodist Church woro delighted with
tho  children's program,  which  was
well  rendered  and  entirely • by  tho
scholars.   Tho program comprised of
special music by tho scholars nnd sovoral abort InlcroBtlng papers.
.Noxt    Sundny    will    bo    IlarveMt
Thanksgiving    nt    tho    Motbodlst
luutl    »•<->   u*i   k|<*ut-l<M   -M1UB.IU
sessions in1 Alabama, and after one;
year of that climate is perfectly willing to come back under old Turtle
Mountain again. -No matter how many,
geologists may call the mountain dangerous, there always has been, and
we dare say will be, one thing about
Frank, and that is those who leave
us come, back and say it is all right to
live in. Everyone was delighted to
see Mr. Hobub and his family return
and hope they have come to stay.
'Mr. Charlie Beaver wishes through
the Ledger lo thank the people of
Bellevuo who so generously helped to
mnito tho football- match a bucccbs
and causing him to benefit substantially thereby.
There was an Italian miner slightly
hurt while following his occupation at
No. 2 mino on Wednesday, having his
flngors badly crushed.
Mr. Arnold iMartel.I, who left some
time ago for his homo In Nova Scotia,
returned again on Saturday night,
.Master Lcslio Cousons gavo a party
to a numbor of his young friends on
Mondny, It bolng tho sixth anniversary of his birth.
Mrs, .lanicB Turner has boon confined- to her homo tor tho past fow
days with a bad cold.
.Mr. Geo, Chrlstlo has accoptod a
position nt No. 1 mine.
Mr. Ramlell has now chargo of tho
harbor chair ut CoIo'h pool room. Mr.
Itandoll camo horo from Blalrmoro
and lins movnd IiIb family horn Intn
tho hoiiBo owned by Mrs, Hart, of
Loallo -Scott has arrived In camp
and Ib atari lug as teamster with IiIb
brother, who Ih manager of A. I. Illals'
store at Ilollovuo.
Gub Ilolburg, who has beon In Mon-
tnniv for the pa«t yonr, returned to
camp on Saturday.
Jamos On nllo wns nt Mlchol on Saturday representing tho Bollovuo football team,
Quito tx largo crowd nsBnmblod nt
tho Lyric Theatre on Thuwdny nlRht
to honr llnssoll Rive nn account of his
term In tho Oregon penitentiary. The
pictures woro first class nnd ho wnH
ably reslBted hy Ml»s Mathews, who
is ono of the best singers ovor heard
In thlB burg for Homo tlmo,
II U undorBtood that Mr. Bob Parry, who linn boon with Mr. A, I. THala
ns teamster, has secured a Job at tho
blown off/and carried quite a distance
and the big tree that stood at tbe
back of Mr. Arthur Amou's house was
blown down and did a lot of damage
to the back of the bouse. Mrs. Amous
and tbe children got a bad fright,
leaving tbe house hurriedly.
-iMr. Brown, of Macleod, has arrived
in -camp and- taken the bass drum in
the Bellevue Band. He has had quite
a number of years' experience and is
a welcome addition to the band.
At the last regular meeting of Bellevue Local a donation of one hundred
dollars to the fund for the women and
children of the striking miners on
Vancouver Island! was granted.
Mr. J. H.. Naylor wishes to announce that on Saturday, Oct. 18ttt, he
will give away the sewing machine.
Anyone - who has Keys had better
come and try them.
Don't forget the big cash sale of
chinaware, jubilee enamelware, silverware and tinware at Stephen Hum-
ble's store from Oct. 16 to 23.
Call and see Naylor's new suits and
overcoats; they are dandy.
Miss Annie 'Bridge, who has been
visiting in Fernie for a few weeks,
returned to camp on Saturday.
The Rev. Young and wife, of Frank,
were visiting in town on Monday, the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. W. Scott.
.A. I. Blais.expects a big shipment
of. Robin Hood flour this week.
Mr. McLean, representing the Scott
Fruit Co., of Lethbridge, was In camp
on Monday.  .   .
Call and see the 76 all wool sweaters at Naylor's. No two alike, and at
the right prices. -
' -Mr. Lange, of Winnipeg, was i.i
camp representing the Great West
Life Assurance Co. and' the Merchants' Accident Co. this week.
'Mr. Calderwood, of Macleod, is in
camp this week, the guest of Mr. and
Mrs. Johnson.
'Sir,, William Cole left camp this
week on a business trip to Calgary.
Mr. James -Burke, secretary of the
Bellevue .Local, left town,on Sunday
night to attend a District Board meeting at Taber.
The Rev. W. Irwin made a business
trip to Macleod on Saturday.   .
/.Mrs. James Callan, who bas been
away from camp for some time, returned again on Saturday night
John' Mills returned to the camp on
Monday night after a month's visit
to England. -
Mrs. Gilbert. Cousens '- will spend
Thanksgiving,in, Fernie.
■Mr. and Mrs. Wilfred Wolstenholme_
week. Mr. Fred Wolstenholme will
•look after the dairy Curing the winter.
Mr. and.' Mrs. James and family
have moved In to their new home at'
Maple Leaf.
Mr. Stephenson's mining classes
•will meet on Tuesdayi evening next
week instead of Monday, owing, to the,
IMrs. George Newdlck and Miss
Marjory Newdlck, of Toronto, are,visitors In the camp, the guests of Mr.
and Mrs. Irwin.' ' * *
The public school Is shut down this
week because of the cold weather.
Workmen aro busy Installing the new
heating system and lt is hoped teaching will bo resumed next week.
Robert Connolly spent the week
ond ln Pincher Creek.
The Rev. Mr. Irwin has received an
Invitation from tho Methodist Church
in Michel to-conduct an institute on
social service education In that place,
Tho institute will start about October
27th and may last two weeks.
A vory pretty wedding wns solemnized nt tho ranch  of   Mr.   Antony
Wardner,  near   Burmis,   when   MIbs
Ethel Rlgby, of Lundbreck, was united In marriage to Mr. James Henry
JopBon, of tho Bollovuo football tonm.
Tho bridge   was   aflslatod   by   Mrs.
Goorgo Knowles, of Bollovuo, while
Arthur Wnrdman, of BurmlB, nnHlsted
the groom.  Tho Rov. W. II. Irwin, of
Bollovuo, officiated,   After tho ceremony  a sumptuouB  wedding dinner
was  participated  In  by  tho happy
compnny of guests, and games, dancing, etc., filled up a  -/cry pleasant
evening.   Henri lost wishes from nil
their IrloiulH follow tho young couplo.
At   tho  homo  of  Herman Varlcy,
Bollovuo, on tho evening of Saturday.
Oct. 11th, MIbb Marjory May Wilson,
of   Sheffield,   Englnnd,   boenme   the
brldo of Mr. JamcB William Ilolnieft,
of Bellevue. The bride was assisted
by Mrs. Walter Miller and Miss Doris
Bateman-, wrhile Mr. Arnold Varley
played the roll of best man.. Rev. W.
H. Irwin-performed the ceremony, A
very dainty wedding supper was participated in by tbe many guests; after
which a very pleasant evening was
spent -in," various ways. -Mr. Albert
Podgett acted as gentleman In waiting and dispensed refreshments during the evening. Among the guests
prominent among the many were Mr.
James Ford, of Coleman, Mr. and Mrs.
Jos. Ellson, of Hlllcrest, Mr. and Mrs.
Tom Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred
Litheriland, of Maple Leaf, Mr. and
Mrs. Albert Hallworth, Mr. and Mrs.
Edward Bridge and Miss Annie
iBridge, and Mrs. and Mrs. George
Bateman, of Bellevue. The happy couple will reside In Bellevue.
Mr, Johnson, the manager of the
Lyric Theatre, wishes to announce
that after Monday, Oct. 27, he will
give new pictures every night, with
three features a week. There will be
no additional charges.
•Mr. J. C. Beimont, representing the
General Film Co., of Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary and Vancouver, was in
camp ou Tuesday and assured Mr.
Johnson that he would have1 some of
the best films that' could be got, Including Biograph, Vitagraph, Edison,
Lubin, and all the other, first class
♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
We beg to report that the matrimonial fever Js now very prevalent" in
Hlllcrest.      -   '
'Hillcrest was the scene of a very
pretty event on Friday, the 3rd, when
Pred Johnson and Miss Florence Taylor joined hands in wedlock. Rev. W.
T. Young, of Frank, tied tbe nuptial
knot in tbe presence of a large number
of friends and acquaintances. The
bride waa attended by Miss- Georgia
Quigley. James Retrle did the honors
for the groom. After tbo ceremony the -
happy .couple were escorted to the
Union Hall, where a sumptuous supper
was served. Dancing was kept up, till
morning and tlie event proved- a most
enjoyable occasion for all those who
had the pleasure to be present. Mr.
and Mrs. Johnson were the recipients
of a large number of wedding gifts.
- Pounders-Murray
Mr. George Pounder, one of our most
prominent, young men, journeyed to
'Medicine Hat Tuesday, last, where he
met his affinity, Miss Nina Murray, of
Leith, Scotland, and they joined the
order of Benedicts forthwith.    Upon
(Continued on page four.)
- Drivers for Coal
Schedule  Wages
Apply at once.
/' a
Lethbridge   Collieries
Port Alberni
'  .   Lots  in  District,, Lot 121. Prices and terms reasonable.   Lots*
from $100 up,, not in TownBlte but adjoining; within one and a half
mile circle. - |
Send for booklet endorsed by the Port Alberni Board of Trade.
409 Dawson Building      -      Vancouver, B. C.
AVo carry a full lino of a
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        ;*:        Fr^nk, Alta.
dunt, ote, Kindly Bond In your gifts
of fruit, flowers and vogotablos by Saturday noon.
On :Mondny ovonlng, commencing at
8 o'clock, t.h*™ will bn n nnWtp tn*lt>***
talnmont iind fruit banquet. An inter-
ott Ing program will be rendered. At
tho cl(W thero will bo a anlo of fruit*
and v«getabI«B.
The Motbodlet Church Intend hold*
Ing ten day*' ipeclal meotinga, com*
m<*nnlitti on Ort. 37tb. They have been
fortunate In iccurlng theaorvlcai of
Rev. W. H. Irwin, of noil**.™*, ib conduct the tnwtlngt. Mr, Irwin U no
•enaatlonatlit bnt looks at life from a
prcttnt day ntundpolut and li familiar
with tho vital rjuMtton* of tho working: man today. Ho will deal with tuck
<lu«*t!ona or int«r«*t concerning the
people aa "Wlut 1$. IWUglour "What
Hllter-Brt aad Hoamer rapwwnt*. Is Cbrlttr "What Is <Jodr
'Mr .Inftpph Hlfldlft mnt wiib n
BllRbt accldnnt whilo following hl« oc
ciipntion ob tracklayer's helper nt No.
2 mine, having IiU finger* badly bruli-
Ilollovuo Athlotlc Association held
«t  ViUMtlCflM)  Hit-VstMi*  <tt* *&"Utl<ti«J   !M|$f!l
at tbo Southern Hotel. Quite a lot
of buBlnois was transacted and the
team picked to play the match bo-
tween Ilollovuo and Coleman at nialr-
more on Wednesday, Oct. IB.
■Mr. Frod Chappell and Jack Shone
left camp on Monday for a aViootlnK
expedition In the vicinity of  South j
Fork. I
Mr. Sam Paton went to Coleman on j
Friday night to bt, present at Mr.
IKKiglted's wedding whleh took ptsee'
there oa Prtd&y night Sank also took!
In the football match at MIcheL
The heavy wind storm on Satarifiiv
nkKbt did quit* *** Wi el d«m«ff*. Tb*
roof of Mr. Frank nostley's btrn wis
—Wo carry exclusive agency—
limrniifi""    ,,i9.9ift-i*t    f-p»
WOMP.N, MEN nnd CHIt.nRf.N
Murf** rf P * V I Mthfr
"The Quality Store"
ma shoe
Bio Bsroslns in Shoes for July
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Crockery, Boots & Shoes
tk'vor.il HhliimoiU***. of now uowln to hnnd
tIii m wook.
Hoo our splendid assortment of Crockery.
which Is now on vlow in our now hIiow
.:\...    u^,.,>   .,.*,;   <,,>>:v.*»i    u)l,jn.l,i    til   V./C'htf>ll
grown VeKoiabloH, on vlow In our window,
during this week, I.<mvo us your ordorn
for anything you r<*julrn and we Riiarnntee
to Rive you sailsfactlon.
Th* »torw Tftat Utxvm* Vou Konsy
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blairmore, Alta.
_________*___ \m*--:,   X-    X  *
■*-"-   .- .      J.**-*,.*.
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y 7Ass^-*:'y.i-,;X^Ay^y.A;y~..^y-. .-y'''y-''yxy-.--.-sy ;-..,_v*f,y^.j^^y^t^y  AyXAzxjyyyAj&y~&;-t:
"■'   '7'lAX7 ?;'iA •'■r'~'r *.•■'"•   A"   A 7iV.   ~'■■.. 77-X A 7.X?* A A  '\e~'y- \ ^i. -"XA1. '-Ai? ■ 'J ., :v"-: V*,-, ■
i **? -,.-
• (-v *
Directory of Fraternal
■Pk- ■"•"
i4 ~
Meets , every. Wednesday
evening at S o'clock In K. P.
Hall. ■_     -   '
Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn,
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays In
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fermie, Box 657.
'Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton.
K. of R. S., Chas. Buhrer.
M. of P., Robt. Dudley.
Meet  every  Monday at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, W. F. Vance.
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE       -       -       -       -       B. C.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe     , Alex. I. Fisher
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, Wc
can suit your income.
■f**»11 ■**r»ff fnr* 11*
9.9.H    ....9*    *r w -W     9994,
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Receive The Ledfler dent blame ua.
Wateh th* tfstt ef ths expiration et
«*» niw IsM awrtafftfiif jnwr •*
.Fernie, B. C.
■* °
H 0 T E L
r' *
\y ■
Meals that taste liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
-Jos. Qrafton, Proprietor
(Continued from last week.)
The task, however, apart from desire and ability, required some considerable    material    means — faithful
agents, a faithful and- well-trained army, and above "all, money not only to
satisfy the urgent clamor of the turbulent elements, to pay off their armed forces, to set upa-neWadmini-stra-
tion and generally to bring order into
the chaos, as the phrase goes, but
also' to obtain those very agents and
army who were to lend their material
support to this work of liquidation.
But money could only be got from international finance, and International
finance, though ready to advance it,
insisted on attaching to their assistance certain  conditions which were
too hard for Yuan in the given circumstances.   The financiers, having formed with the aid of their'respective governments a  monopolist  combination
consisting of certain chosen banking
houses of England, France, Germany,
and the United States, with' the subsequent addition of Russia and Japan,
insisted upon the establishment of an
international  control  over not only
the service, but also the expenditure
of the loan so as to -preclude a re-organization  of  the  armed  forces  of
China, which'might become dangerous
to Russia and even to other /States
who had a finger In the Chinese pie
and were anxious to keep it there.
Even to the 'propertied* classes, eager
as they were to get rid of the revolution, these conditions seemed oneious
inasmuch as they again introduced,
and that with a vengeance, the foreigner into the economic and political
life bf China.   It seemed absurd and
cruel that the revolution, after having
gained a victory!   over   the   enemy!
should with its own hand restore the
very thing against which it had fought
and won!   -A' whole year the negotiations dragged on without coming to a
definite conclusion, until both parties
became weary of the situation—the
financiers of being kept -waiting so
long for the coupon, and the gentry
and bourgeoisie of,tbe constant dangers to whiclutheir property and- trade
were exposed at the bands of the ir-
reconcilables.'    The   financiers   then
yielded something of their demands
by eliminating a'fe^vOf the more objectionable features of the projected
International  control, and the other
party accepted" the bargain.   "By obtaining the loan," wrote the Peking
correspondent of the Times, "Yuan
had his hands immensely strengthened  against  the  revolutionists."    In-
"U©1^uptU-Ol>tc«5*i*.i*Lci*-wlt3- ■Ud.mi-Ua.—A umm*-
Shih-kal was the main object on the
part of the Powers in including their
respective financiers to abate their
And now began the struggle. with
the revolutionists. They formed the
majority both ln the National Assembly aud the Senate and would not listen to the persuasions of Yuan and bis
Ministers to sanction the loan. The
loan, then, bad to be concluded over
their heads In violation of the con.
stltutlon. Wus Yuan to dare lt? A
few Illegal arrests and executions as
well as assassinations, carried out
among the leaders of the revolutionary
party, the Kuomlngtang, by order of
Yuan and his agents served as a method, of testing the strength of the
opposition. The high-handed acts called forth a burst of Indignation both In
Parliament and In the revolutionary
press, but nothing happenod. Thereupon Yuan, taking the bit In his
mouth, signed the loan contract and
obtained his monoy. Tho Times, which
had all along championed tho cause
of Yuan, and tho financiers, wrote
with groat cynicism: "It ls only very
simple persons who will suppose that
a reputed violation of constitutional
propriety in tho conclusion of the loan
Ib tho real ground for tho wrath of. tho
Kuomlngtang. Tho truo reason why
thoy nro angry Is bocauso thoir ad-
voi'Bary will now got hold of monoy,
and bocauso thoy realize how greatly
that will strengthen his handR, whether their struggle with him Is to bo
settled In, or out of, tho constitutional
nsHombly. Sufficient ciiBh may powerfully nsalst 1)1 b efforts to convort his
present smnll minority In th.'it body
into a majority, or, should the contest
have to be settled In another'fashion,
it will enable him to .pay the soldiers.'-'
The Times was perfectly right. Yuan
at once set to work to buy over to his
side the army and. the'parliamentary
majority, and his arbitrary acts having
provoked the unguarded action in Kl-
angsl before the revolutionists bad
been ready for fight, he easily crushed
the ensuing rebellion. The , Times,
commenting upon' the end of the revolt/referred to Its own-predictions
and said: "As was observed in an article ln tbe Times of July 21, It was
■the recent loan which placed1 Yuan in
a position to command the allegiance,
for tho time being, of the troops." '
Such, then, is the nature of the
counter-revolution which has now ended in the defeat ot the revolutionists.
Formally,!It was still a struggle between the North and the South, but
neither the North nor the South were
any longer precisely the same as they
were before. Now it was an alliance
between the bureaucracy, civil and
military, of tbe North and the bourgeoisie of the South against the more
democratic of the South. To China
this spells disaster. Yuan will have to
justify the alliance In the eyes of the
bourgeoisie by keeping his dictatorial
powers within bounds and using them,
mainly, if not. solely, in her interests,
Possibly he may be sincerely animated
with the intention of doing it andi believes in his capacity to do it. Apart,
however, from the fact that he may
prove to lack the necessary ability for
the 'task, his attempts to .pursue such
a policy will put bim into opposition
to the financiers and the .Powers,
whose sole purpose is to exploit in
.China their own interests, and who
have in the administration of the
country a publicly recognized status.
Should Yuan, when placed In this position, side with the Powers, the bourgeoisie will be up in arms, Yuan will be
thrown back upon the old bureaucracy
'or even the Monarchy, and once more
a struggle will break out which may
or may not lead to another revolution,
or else to a restoration of the IMan-
chus. Should Yuan, on.the other hand,
side with the bourgeoisie, then the
danger will come from the Powers,
who will certainly intervene. In fact,'
the intervention of the Powers is almost certain either way because they
have the legal right to do so, and
every commotion, may endanger the
loaned capital. Immediately on the
conclusion of the loan the Peking correspondent pf the Times -.wrote: "It
Mrs. Wilson, UO Wlckson Ays*
Toronto, Boys; " About four years ago
a Bore spot appeared on tho right slds
nt ray faco, ThlB spot increased In
b'.zo until It became about half an Inch
ln dlnmotor and vory painful, I wont
to ii doctor, but tho ointment ho gave
tne did not havo Any good effect. Tbo
soro continued to discharge froaly, and
was laost painful. 1 had It cauterized,
tried poultices, and sll kinds of salves,
but it war no good, and I continued to
suffer from lt for four years!
"A,sample of Zam-Buk was one dny
given to mo, and I used It. Although
the quantity was so small, it seemed to
do mo somo good, so I purchased & fur-
' "Wfteb W (Md mt>, tnwr« nnd toots
good, snd, to my delight, bsfore f had
besn using Zam-Buk thrta wsnki, I saw
tbat It w*s going to b««l tbt sor*, In
lcii than a month'It was healed!
"I know « lady In ths «ut of ths
fit*, wbMti» bn»binfl mttun-A fnr yMf«
with an open soro on his ler. On my
recommendation, Zam-Buk was tried
In tbat cue. Tht otbsr day, whon I
•aw bw, she told mt that tt bod beslel
tba sor* complertsly.
"My daughter, who lives Is Leth-
bridge, Alta., hu also ostd 2a»-Bok
with tht sunt tttUtutaty naaft. I
think It Is. twos* til dtnbt, (be finest
totaling balm known."
Vseh Is tht opinion ot oil »*rtsas
Wb» bars wailr trlid Z*m-Buk. It
is a tart mn for earns, piles,
•btefistt, uletrt, acslp torts, rin*
worm, colt, burns, scalds, brolse*
and sll skin Injuries and dtaauw.
Mc Ut, alt druggists and ttom, er
X»l ttta fram Zam-Buk U., Ttraata,
for **•«, ft «um «f tkts dttMM «M
alia fttt-Btsk loop, SSe. tabltt
ed .Russia and Japan to respect the integrity and' independence  of China
and, even to evacuate Manchuria, and
it protested again&t the Chinese-Japanese agreement of September 4,1909,
which gave to Japan certain exclusive
mining rights in southern Manchuria.
It was a -part of the- same policy that
the -United States government remitted in ,1907 a portion of the Boxer indemnity'due to it on the condition that
one' hundred   Chinese   young' men
should go every year to complete their
studies in American universities and
other, high schoolB.   None of these efforts, however, availed against the cupidity of the Powers.   In spite of the
treaty of Portsmouth, Manchuria has
not been evacuated to this day either
by Russia or by Japan, Korea has been
annexed, numerous railway and mining monopolles.have been established
ln various parts, and  Mongolia and
Tibet have been,made practically1 in-
dependent of China.   The. reason for
this is quite simple:-treaties havo no
value unless protected by force,, and
aa neither China nor the United States
has been  In,-a position to fight-for
them, they were tacitly set aside.  The
seal to this Impotence of American
diplomacy wau set by the incident con-
nectedi with the appointing in the autumn of 1909 of Mr. Crane to the post
of Minister to China.   Tbe idea of the
State Department was that .Mr. Crane
while in Peking should take the,Chinese Government'under his protection
and prevent a repetition-of such suicidal treaties as that of September "4 of
that year.  IMr. Crane did not hesitate
openly to proclaim.his mission to the
world and caused an article to be published by' a Chicago paper setting forth
the intimate "views of the State Department on the subject of Japan and
China.   Japan at once protested, and
Mr. Crane was recalled just at the moment when he was about to sail from
San Francisco.  ,'
It was then that the Washington
State Department conceived a ' new
plan. ,It was evidently futile to oppose
-the policy, of the aggressive Powers
from outside. Would it hot be better
for-the United States-to associate Itself with the other Powers and then to
work its policy.' from inside?'- That
meant internationalization of all the
financial business in China—equal
shares and equal rights for everybody,
and the possibility of a restraining influence-on-the others by America.
This was a very naive plan; and' the
first attempt to apply" - it ■'proved a
ghastly failure. In December', 1910,
'State Secretary. Knox' offered ■Russia
China .market, but' also materially
strengthen American"diplomacy-in giv-
ingeffect to'its policy. In other words!'
the Panama Canal will give botha
moral and material,Impetus to American Imperialllsm in China and impart
to it a much more confident spirit.
This means • that' tbe United- States
will not stand aside when the Chinese
Question Js raised by the five Powers.
Whether it joins.the partners in the
work of spoliation' or' partition, or dp-
poses it, lt will mean .conflict and-war
and a series of complications of vital
importance, to the American people.
For that reason the,present events,in
China are of particular, interest to it.
The American Socialists have "to
watch, them' very,-closely and take
measures in advance so as to counteract the dangerous agitation which is
certain to take place in'due.timejor
an armed Intervention in the affairs
across'the Pacific.—The New Review.
tocal Union jDii^cto^^Oist^ 18^ tJ^^ W. Ai
ary leaders are able, when they
choose, to set In motion again some of
the forces that made the revolution
successful. . . . The investor in China
stock need not, however, .pay much attention to thc internal' situation-. His
mon'ey is practically guaranteed by
five powerful governments, who, when
the need arises, will ensure that tho
foreign debt shall becnarged upon the
undeveloped but vast resources ofthe
country." And when the revolt did
actually break out the Times, weighing the chances, said: "Even supposing the insurgents do succeed, it does
not appear likely that holders of China's debt would suffer permanently,
for the services of the loanB depend
chiefly on the revenues of the Maritime CuBtoms, and there are safeguards for the due collection and proper employment of these ln the shape
of tho Intervention of the Powers.".
Novor waa tha future ln store for
China so brutally and frankly revealed
as ln theso words of tho foremost organ of British finance They foreshadowed anothor International expedition
after tho manner of IDOO, which thlB
tlmo will either end in1 the complete
Hubjugatlon of China or else ln a world
Ono cannot get nway from tho Impression that lmmonso nnd populous
ns -she Is, China ls moving towards n
futuro which Is proparod- by modern
Imperialist expansion nnd greed for
all countries which have beon late ln
their economic and political dovolop-
ment. And horo tho interesting question, alroady Indicated at the beginning, arises: What -position is tho
United Stntos going to tako up whon
tho tlmo arrives for nottling what will
bo called the Chlnoso .problem? Hitherto tho United States policy townrdB
China was full of good Intentions, but
vltlatod by colossal lmpotonco, At
first, that Ih after tho war botwoon
China nnd .Tnpnn, whon ovcrybody wns
rushing to oxtort from tho dofoncolosn
Tflmplro what ho could—n ploco of territory, n loan, n railway concession,
nnd no forth, Amorlcan financiers, too,
appeared ut 1'oklnif nnd obtained a
couplo of railway concessions. • Tho
great derouto which followed upon tho
war with flpiiln taught tbo American
and Japan nothing more nor less than
the neutralization or, rather, Internationalization of the Manchurian railways, and the reply he got,' and swallowed down, was a flat refusal. Nothing daunted, Mr. Knox made another
attempt. The financiers qt England,
Germany, and France having taken-up
the,concession whlqh, had been granted to the Americans fifteen years" previously, Mr. Knox invited J. P. Morgan
to claim the right of participation in
the undertaking, and this after some
scuffle having been granted, J. P.
Morgan and associates obtained from
tho Chinese government a contract for
a large currency loan and In thoir turn
"Internationalized" It. . This was the
origin of the famous Four Powers'
Syndicate, which after the revolution
undertook to float for the new republican government a re-organlzatlon
loan of $300,000,000. So sure wab tho
State Pepartment of the effectiveness
of International association (which
now obtained tbe exclusive financial
and railway rights in China) as n
means of holding the greedy European
Powers ln check and thus saving for
China her Independence and territorial integrity, that when Russia and
Japan ln their turn demanded a volco
In the financing of China Amorlca immediately responded with an Invitation to join the syndicate, although
sho knew woll that theso Powers wero
not after "financing" China, aa thoy
had no monoy nt all, but after controll-
Ing tho torms on which this financing
was going to procood. An Insldo oxporlonco of ono year, however, sufficed to provo to the American diplomacy tho futility ot Its cunning
schemes, and on 'March 18 of tho
prosont yoar President Wilson Issued
a statement announcing tho withdrawal of tho Amorlcan group from tho
business. Thus again tho American
policy was dofontod,
It Is evident thnt nolthor from tho
outsldo nor from tho Insldo has the
Amorlcan State Doniirtmont at prosont tho moans of Imposing upon tho
TOuropoan governments and finance
tho opon door—"tbo door of friendship and mutual ndvnntngo," ns Pros
Idont Wilson put It In his statement,
It Is possible—nay, It Is probable that
Indianapolis, Ind., October 10, 1913.
To the -Officers and Members United
•Mine Workers of America—Greeting:  ,    ..
The work of organizing the non-union sections of .America has gone
steadily forward with gratifying results. During the past year over four
hundred new locals have organized
and more than one hundred thousand
members added to our union.
The International Executive -Board,
at a meeting held at Headquarters, beginning September 30 and ending October 3, after carefully reviewing the
situation resolutely decided to carry
on the splendid work now being done
in Colorado, West Virginia, Kentucky,
Vancouver Island and elsewhere. In
'Colorado especially thousands of men;
women and-children have been thrown
out-of their homes. They were living
in tents supplied by our organization.
Winter;is coming on" bringing with it
further sacrifice and suffering. We
must feed,'clothe and care for these
brave 'men, women and( children who
are fighting so courageously and thus
serve-notice upon the mine'"owners
that we will not permit our striking
brothers and their families to ' be
starved'into submission.
, -To this end the International Executive Board decided to ' recommend
that the membership vote to continue
the present assessment of fifty cents
(50c) per member per month until the
strikes in which our organization is
now involved are brought to a satisfactory termination.
In asking the locaJ unionB to vote tb
continue this assessment, the International Executive Board believes it
is but transmitting to you the plead-.
Ings of fathers, mothers and Innocent
-children whose homes are the tents
you have supplied them.^ "It is confident you will not refuse their appeal.
It is sure,the mental picture of inno-
cent babes suffering -among the snoy-
"clad mountains of Colorado will
prompt .a hearty and .unanimous response. '-
, 'Remember that no one will be pleased to have you reject the urgent, recommendation "of the International Executive Board except tbe mine owners.
They atone would 'have you refuse financial aid. The question Is, will you
help these mine owners by voting
against the International 'Board's recommendation, or will you help your
striking brothers and their families by
voting favbrably upon the Board's request? ,''••'   '
Local secretaries will arrange to
have their respective local unions vote
upon the recommendation of the International Executive Board tbat. the
present assessment of fifty cents
(50c) per member per month be continued until the strikes now on hand
are satisfactorily- settled; on Thursday, October 23, 19913, and forward
the returns.of said vote so they will
reach this office not later than October 29.
We assure you that we will discontinue this assessment Just as soon as
these strikes aro won. <
Local secretaries will send in the
result of tho vote taken upon the enclosed blank -forms ln the enclosed
telf-addrossed envelopes,
iWe urgently request our membership to voto favorably -upon tho rocommondatlon of tho International Executive Board.
■Fratornoilly yours,
JOHN P. WHITE, ProBldont.
iniiANK J, HAYES, Vlco President.
,„      ,■„!., ,.i    tho Stato Department had an Idea of
i1"^!^1^ 22[ TVtllll «PPl«n«.ll»! tbls withdrawal from
tho financial concert by action. At
least Mr. Straight, on behalf of tho
Amerloan flnnnolnl group, observed In
his open lottor to tho public, dated
March 19, that "tho now govornment
had decided tbat It was advisable for
tho Unltod Btatoo to soek ways and
means tor relieving c/iiim iiou* u*n
lliiuiwh: dJWlcuJllMJ ct-bcr *bnn tl.v
BixJPowor loan." If this was roally
tho Idea of tho State Department an
Idea of breaking down tht monopoly
of tho new Flvo Powort' -Syndlcato by
eonwtltlon. tho subsequent absonot
of all action In tblt direction proves
that the Idea wat tptodlly nbandontd
Indeed, howovtr Independent tht Am
erlean government may fotlt U knows
It cannot with impunity quarrtl with
tho flvo governments 'which ttnnd ho-
hind tho syndlcato. Tht tame Impotence which brought about tha fallaro
of tbe provlous policial matt condemn
to uWrlltty any otliur policy directed
to tho samt end* to long tt American
diplomacy confines itself to vwbal
protests divorced from rtal forte.
Out tan it prtetttly ft condition
which mast toon ehtngt. Th* con*
structlon or tht Panama Canal will
not only maltiplf *nd intantlly tbt
commercial and fltanelal Inttrattt
which tha United States bat in the
a position to rival thoir European
brothron, nnd ono of tho coucoBKlons
was nllowod to pass Into European
bands, whilo another was simply left
In abeyance -Tho Boxers' revolt found
America ready to corporate with En-
ropo against China, and nn American
...  .    | |„  ,*. ,-l     I-.-I,     4,^-1     ,9,     (ly     „..,».,Itll.  .,
nnd America rtrftw hi-tr «hnrn of thi>
"Indemnity" thon Imposed upon the
Chlnoso government. But ovon at that
time Amorlcan diplomacy was already
In favor of maintaining tho "open
door" In, and tho Integrity of, China ns
Ufcillji -THOU. VOUti-a^ttV <uu litis v.v-ouOiliil;
Interests of the Unltod Btnt-ss. It know
well that If and when It camo to creating financial and trading monopolies
In China or to staking out individual
claims In tht shape of sonet of Influence and tht like, the United Statei,
with her lop-tlitad strategical poslttoa
and lack cf army and navy, would
ttUud but a poor chance against the
rlralrltt of the ttronger European
suits. Hence It advocated a free field
tnd no favor tnd looked askance at
th* tffortt of Russia, Japan, and oth«r
Powtrt to tilabllih their eiclutlvt
righitt ttt various parte of the Chinese
fdmptfik, in -ftccotdaaco with thit pol-
lay It^Wtpeftttd In the conclusion of
tht Irttty of Portsmouth, which pledg-
How   About   Your
Noted doctors havo aald tb'at houie-
•work is the .best form of physical
extrrciBo for women—<for it not only
Tho healthy woman 1DNJOYS htr
liousmvork—sho tnkos ■plonsuro In hooping things spick and span—and It coats
her practloally no effort to do to—bocauso tUxo Is HEALTHY,
Aro you healthy? Do you find your
housework -pleasant and Invigorating?
Or do you droad it iboaause you don't
fi.ttl «*}i-iiif rT-yh-t"* Thnt 'Mnr>*t- tt*n\
.lunt rtfiht" fl*>nnnMon mny WVT lie
worth toeing a doctor about—tout It ds
a pretty certain indication that you
aro suffering from Indigestion, Constipation, Biliousness or Dyspepsia.
Next time'you don't rfeel "Just right"
Just try IB drops of Mother Seigel's
Curatlvo Syrup. You'll got rsllef—
Rngland hat TESTED and FROWN,
tir ovur -tfi ytf-xrs, Its worth, 1'h*r* It
It recognised as a standard remedy,
(t is mlmoat -purtly hwbfcl—Nature'•
own rttnidy -for disordered ilomaoh.
Pitt* 11.00.  Trial tlst (Oo.
Too nan «*t Mother Batgtfti Cura-
tlve Byntpat
;"  .   .'■. " .-No*; 2314 'l :7':7A7-
i. " "     .- -   '^-,   ,     ,- -V;' l-;\' ' ',
Meet first arid thl^d. SYldayB,'
Miners'..Hall,-Fernie; secblnd and
fourth E'rldays.^Club. Hall, .Coal
Creek,   Sick Benefit" attached."
'.-..'     -   A '}J'f\ .T. Uphlll,-:See7
*. 3?ernle, B. C.'-''-" ;-,- '   ."■'■*   -"•-_
" '' •••"•">b.'2497;:;;. • ."_
'"•."  Meet every'Tuesday eve'nlhg-'ln
- the Athletic Hall at 7.30.    Sick
-  Benefit Society In-connection;.
>     ' ■'  W. Balderstone, Sec:
Box 63,-Hosmer; B. C; •-■'_
'  No. 2334
Meet every, Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock, ln Crahan's. Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attach:
ed. "'
N. D. Thachuk,. Sec.
Canmore, Alta.
,    , No., 1387      •
Meet second and fourth Sunday
ln month".   Sick and Benefit Socl-'
ety attached. . . .   •
J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227 •.
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. ln the -Opera House,
Coleman. •   - *   '
■ J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
.*   . ", BANKHEAD LOCAL     '
No. 29   "
Meet every Tuesday evening at
T o'clock In .the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and' Accident Benefit Fund
attached,     v
Frank ■Wheatley!" Fin..Sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
'X A .'Moi 2683. '■;;. ^./'.-y
:   Meet every, other Sunday,-gen-*,'_
erally second and fourth Sunday's
in the'month. ''    X    ■   '      ,7.
A '   i  '  J. Johnstone, Sec.
-     '   .No.2352
Meet every.second and^fourth"
Sunday'of each month at 2 p.m.
ln Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached. ■,
•Thos, G. Harries, Sec."
Passburg, Alta'. ■
No. 949
:- i'
Meet every second and,fourth
Sunday of each month 'at 10,a.m.
In School House, Burmis. No Sick
Thos. G. Harries, Soc.
Passburg, Alta.   • '
No. 2829        --;
Meet every first and third Sunday bf each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, "Maple Leaf. No Sick
.    Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 431
' Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
I*. Moore,' Sec-Treas."
;   , . ' No. 431 >
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec.
Box 26, Bellevue, Alta:
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
p.m. . " •
John Loughran, Sec.
Special Representative   .. ;
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada    . .
, Agent.     '.
Singer Sewing Ma chine
'l" 'A $2.00 i>er month'.
Phone 120    -'       BLAIRMORE :  Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .•-.• .Proprietor
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furnish your houso from collar to gnrrot
and at bottom pricos. Call, Write, Phono or
Wiro.    All   orders givon   prompt attoiftion.
If you aro satisfied toll othors.
i f not satisfied toll .us
Stum Heated Throughout
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
P.ctrr *?,50 -tr iz.-     '' '
With Prl™t<> flfith f 9.00
rv,; r.... rt*.. .*.
9   »t 9   9   .try.   9419194.1...
Xttinmn In Ormf rtlrni
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
■ - XS- JJi-l-S-
HMMlMHiiWIHHHHHlMMi «j "*  I'^ir,*^ m"i,y * iv
\. '- 'yp!fi:
The Hotel
One of the
G. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
. Lethbridge, Afta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food arid every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
DryCoods, Grocen6, Boots anil Shoes
".' Gents' Furnishings
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large, Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay *W:
Por ouf:':ffpf^j^.:Brothers
i ,
Liquor Cox
Wholesalo Dealers in
Mail Orders receive,
prompt attention
Nowhere In the £«•• oan be
found In luoh \> display of
We have the best money
oan buy of Beef*, Pork, Mut*
ton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eoo*> f i«h» "Imperator Hami
and Bacon" l.ard, Sausages,
Welnere and 8auer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Ce.
Phone 5(1
A, McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Pirmt clan Horse* for Sale.
Buye Horses on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
.. Wlelu dogmatysznym, nowicyuszom
socyallzmu zdaje sie, Iz obecne teorye
sooyallstyczuo maja juz gotowe, pateu-
fowane medycynyria wszystko.   -
iMieszkaja noi'na Utopll imarza o
wlecznem braterstwie wszystklch dob-
rze sie. majacych I zapomnialych o
wszelWcli walkach pomiedzy^ ludzmi.
Koniec "Walki klasowej oznacza" u
nlch/konlec wszelklch zapasow pom-
ledayludzml, poniewaz braterstwo zas-
tapl'dzjsiejsza konkurencye.
Pbmlnawszy.'juz te twestye, Iz oso-
blstej, jednostkowcj konkurencyi nlkt
nie jest wstanie usunac, — mozna ja
tylko uregulowac i zmniejszyc; poniewaz chory bedzie zawsze zazdroscll
zdrowemu, brzydkl — picknemu; — a
mnlej zarablajacy — wiecej zarabiaja-
cemu (socyallzm przecle.rownego za-
orbkii nie obiecuje), ale w naturze nie
nlgdy' nie spoczywa, ale albo sie roz-
wlja, lub niknle, wiec i socyallzm bedzie sie clagle przeksztalcac, ulepszac
1 rozwljac. ■
- Socyallzm nie jest ostatnim portem
szczesllwoscl, do ktorego ludzkoso
nlezadlu'go doplynle I bedzie tarn od-
poezywala do nieskon'czonoscl.-
Przeclwnie, socyallzm, gdy obejmle
spusclzne po kapltalizmie, bedzie'-mu-
sial ciagle przystosowywac sie i zmie-
niac, odpowiednio do okollcznos'cl i
"wzratajacych clagle, ludzkicb potrz^b.
, Jezeli rzady, monarchiczne llcza so-
bie kilka tysiecy lat zycia i przeszly
caly szereg zmian, — od takiej wladzy,
jaka mlal ludozerca, krol Dahomeju'r
az.do takiego monarchy figuranta, ja-
klm jest norwegski, ktory posiada bez
poro'wnanla mnlej wladzy, niz prezy-,
dent ■ Stanow Zjednoczonych, — to
przypuszczac wolno, iz'socyallzm bedzie ulegal jezcze wiekszym popraw-
kqm, .zmianom 1 ulepszeniom.
iNIe trzeba zapomlnac, ze wlasnie
przy systemie socyalistycznym, indy-
widualizm sie' wzradze '(obecnie tylko
klasy wyzsze zyja zyclem Indywidual-
nem), gdy socyalizm wyzwoli wszyst-
kle jednostki, skrocl im czas pracy *i
doda srodkdw, a to wlasnie powola je
do zycia indywldualnego.
Socyalizm obecriy, majac ha widoku
glownie walke klas, malo co sobie robi
z,. roznic rasowych i narodowych, a
takze z geografil.
Tymczasem, rasy sa wytworem
starszym i Ibardziej trwalym od klas
spolecznych; maja one zrodlo w war-
imkach przyrodzony'ch kuli zlemskiej
i'tak samo wymagaja i wymagac beda
claglego leczenia,'jak tego.wy-ma ga
.choroba klasowa.
• Socyalizm. .uswiadamla dobotnlkow,
aby przez .walke klasowa zniszczyll
same'klasy, ale tym sposobem kwestyj
.ra (u\w.v^*h— t* ti* -Vtti ii'iava  ~
'Nowpczesne lekarstwo, ktore'socyal-
isci maja na kwestye rasowej.tp jest
pozwolenie kazdemu narodowl rzadzlc
sie, ;v swoifth etnograficznych grani-
cach, a kwesty-e feporne t rozistrzygac
przez glosowanie powzechne lntereso-'
wanych mleszkanoow. jest wspanlalfem'
I jedynle praktycznem: ale to lekarst-.
wo prawdopodobnle wystarczy. pomled-
zy, narodaml kaukasklej" rasy, gdy ta
cala dojrzeje do socyallstycznego ust-
roju.        ,   ,    ,
Ale jak pozniej uloza sie stosunkl z
rasa zolta, ktora wprost z despotyz-
mem, przeskoczyla.pare stopnl 1 stan-
ela u progu kapltallzmu; a szczegolnle
z rasa czarna, Jrtora ma znacznie
mnlej mozgu, aby wytrzymac stosunek
..braterskl" z blala'rasa?
■Nowa1 Zolandya- ma obecnie rzad
naj wiecej zblizony do programu so-
cyallstycznego minimal nego, a jed-
nakzo tnmtejsl blall Qbywatele wytrze-
bhl -mlejsco •— wyoh mleszlcancow Ma-
orlsow, tak samo, jak Yankesy — czer-
wo noskorycli.
Czy Iblall socyallscl, gdy z wlel ldm
trudem wywalcza sobie nowy lad, nie
sclngnn mx stable znzdroscl I nlo beda
zalnnl przoz zoltych, lub czarnych bar-
iburzyncow, jak to slo juz przytrafllo
z Grocya, Rzymem 1 Byzancyum?
Ludzlo cywlllzownnl nlo lubia mlec
duzo dzlocl, natomlast nlzszo rasy log-
na sie jak szczury, proiiorcyonalnle do
W tym ostatnlm fakclo ltryjo slo
only szoreg ujomnyoli nloapodzlanok,
dla rozwoju ludzkoocl.
Konkuroncyo pomlodzy jednotrlmml
socyallzm tipprzadkujo, wnllco ItlaBowa
UBunlc, alo [mail dnloko trudnlojnzoml
walltaml ras, doploro stanlo I must
i-.lo-.lys ttzukiio sposobu, uby jo rozwla-
Jodnoip slowom, zyclo ludzldo bylo,
Joet I bodzlo clngla walka; tylko walkl
tez by.wnja rozninlto: zwycznjny roz>
boj polaczony 7. Rrmblpza i Bpustoszo-
nlom — 1 walka przyzwoltn, urogulo-
wnnn I nlo nlazczuca nlc boz potrzoby.
J. Sawlckl. — nobotnlk T'olskl,
dijoro perohe' venissero applicate le
leggl che salvaguardano i minatori e
che non era.mai stato loro manifesta*-
to 11 desiderlo che il pesatore venisse
eletto dagli:impiegati.
: Con tutta probabilita' clo* potra' essere anche vero, e in questo fatto sta
la causa prbcipale della presents do-
inanda dl uii ben'definito accordo spe-
clficante Tdlrltti, sotto tal contratto,
tantodel minatori che del padroni; di
un'organizzazlone forte abbastanza
per inslstere sul prowedimenti garan-.
tlti dalle leggi dello Stato, come pure
per insistereisul prowedimenti e sulle
clausole contenute nel contratto.
In fatti senza un tale' ordinamento,
la legge dl per se stessa sarebbe let-
tera morta. Qualsiasi impiegato delle
compagnie del Sud Colorado che si
fosse azzardato a chledere che fossero
messe in atto pratico le clausole che
regolan*© le leggi mlnerarie, poteva as-
pettarsl di essere, licenziato su due
piedl, cacclato fuorl del campo, e
conslderarsl anche fortunate se non
venlva' pur preso a randellate e mag-
arl trucldato dagll sbirri delle corpor-
azloni, anche prima dello sciopero.
• No:" con tutta probabilita' tall domande non saranno state- fatte; no:
non potevansi fare mentre gli operai
erano dlsunltl'e senza protezlorie.
Ed ora questi operatori si mostrano
disposti a cpneedere ai loro minatori
tutti 1 loro diritti legali se rlnunclano
ad uno di essi:- a quello cioe'":dt ap-
partenere all'organizzazione operala
da essi scelto.
• Ma 1-minatori del Colorado hanno
compreso che appunto In quel diritto
consiste la loro potenza dl potere in-
oltrar domande e per conseguenza-lot-
tano con erolsmo e con enlusiasmo
per riebnquistare tutti quel' diritti che
legalmente e moralmente .ad essi ap-
partengono.. Essi si sono accorti di
questa verlta' dopo molti anni d'ama-
ra esperienza, ed una lezione di tal
fatta non' si" pone tanto facilmente nel
La lotta e' ormai ingaggiata, ma si
sarebbe potuta scongiurare; i rappre-
sentantl del minatori sono sempre disposti a venire a patti in qualsiasi momento .col rappresentanti dell'altra-
parte, nella speranza dl ragglungere
un amlchevole accordo, ma le tenaci
Compagnie sonoc'ostrnate.   '
Ad onta ch^ i minatori slano pro-
clivi alia pace, non bisogna credere
die essi siano-'scoraggiati e che ab-
biano paura.- II pa^ssato milita in loro
favore e distrugge'questo,stolta cre-
denza. Tutti I compagni' di lavoro sono pronti ad alutare i fratelli del Colorado con tutte le loro rlsorse, con
tutto il curore e simpatia. La grande
armata del lavoro organizzato e' pron-_
ta.a soccorrere In^tuttLLmodLnossL;:
bill gli scioperanti -del Colorado. ' ,
; E questo fatto contrlbuisce mlrabil-
mente ad incoraggiarll nella lotta in-
trapresa contro lo sfruttamento e la
schiavltu',. contro l'oscurantismo e le
Ingiustlzle. socjall.
dell'occhlo, ed uno di J20.00 per spese
dl ospedale.
Uno dei fattlpiu comunl che si sen-
tirono alia convenzione, fu che per tutta la regiohe, le compagnie rubanvano
da 100 a 300 libbre dl carbone per car-
ro; il lavoro infruttuosb non si pag-
ava; ogni scusa era buona per llcen-
ziare coloro che non facevano i suckers col boss; chi aveva una buona
piazza deveva dare da 10 a 20 dellarl
al boss per tenerla, e chl ne aveva una
cattiva dava altrettanto per: averne
una touona nessuno era padrone di us-
cir di casa senza vedere qualche ruf-
fiano della compagnla che spiava 1'uno
e Valtrb. "   '
Catturati dagli scioperanti
TRINrDAD, Colo., 26 sett.— Una
banda armata parti per Ludlow per
tentare il salvatag gio di tre crumiri
neri catturati da ana folia di minatori
scioperanti lerl sera., Lo sceriffo Gris-
bam II quale cap! tana va la banda armata ,ln cerca del catturati, rltorno-
dopo - parecchie ore, annunzlando di
non aver trovato* tracce del medeslml.
I crumiri vennero involati da un car-
ro dlretto a Hastings. — II Lavoratore
A "Lodger" adv. Is an
List of Locals District 18
No. NaWb flee, and P. O. Addrei*
20 nankhtad ..P. Wbeatloy, Dankhcad, Alta.
m Doavor Croolc J, Lougbraii, Doavor Crook, via Plnobor, Alta.
4BI Ilollovuo.,,.,...; ,Tnmos illurkb, Pox RO, Ilollovuo, Alta.
•*1/"» Tf* -•  Iff*        ri »»«» I"1,
040. Uurmia ,,. T, Q, Harrloa, Patsburg, Alta.
2227 Carbondale J, Mitch oil, Cnrbondalo, Coloman, Alt a,
1387 Caamoro .,..,., ,N, p, Thaolipk, Canmoro, Alta.
2033 Coloman ,.J. Johaitono, Coloman, Alta.
J877 Corbin ,,,*,,..,,,_, Jonei, Corbin, D, C,
1120 Chinook Mine* Jai. Home, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
217* Diamond City ,J, E, Thornlilll, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
J8314 -Fornle , .Thoi, Uphill, -Fornle, B. C,
iau.1 Frank  Wvnn Morgan, Franlr, Alta.
3407 Hoitner .W. Balderatono, Iloimer, tt. C,
10S8 lltUcroet Ja», Gorton, Hlllcroit, Alia.
574 Lethbridge ,. ,U (Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. LetbbridfA.
1180 Lethbtlilfft CoIIUtIm..Frank Darrlngham, Coalhurit, Alta.
■3820..Maplo Leaf.......,,,,T, a. Harriet, Paaibur«, Alto.
3S34 Michel., II. DQmer, Michel, D, C.
11 Monarch Mluca Wm. Hy ud, Slu*a V. Q„ Tabur, AlU.
1SB2 Ptwburg............. T. O, Harriet, Pamburi, Altn.
1S8H Iloyal View....,.,... ,0oo, Jordan, Itoyal ColllerieU, Lethbridfe, !iUu,
JN Taber....  A, Patteraon, Taber, Alt*.
,   -
i ' '        ■,..-,
Colorado Strikers Receive Substantial
Support From Business Concern
Mr. E. L. Ipoyle, secretary-treasurer
of District 15, U. M. W.' of A., Denver,
■Colorado, forwards the following letter .which we, have much pleasure in
Denver, Colo., October 8th,, 1913.
The' United Mine Workers of America,
District of Colorado,
Gentlemen,—-Enclosed you will find
a check for $500.00 as our contribution
to the benefit and maintenance of
those ..children of the striking miners
who are In need.
Little help, we believe1, comes ln
handy for the little ones, as the cold
weather Is near, they may want to buy
a few necessaries and perhaps !uxur:
les that all of us have and that aro denied to them.
You will provide to distribute as
you think properly and according to
your best judgment.
"With our .best wishes for a final triumph, please express our sympathy
to all tbe strikers in the Colorado coal
fields. .   •
Respectfully yours; -
We do not know anything about the
business concern who have come for-
In tnttl I (llstrottl carbonirorl del
Colorado dn oltrn una HoUlmnnu in-
florlRco lo Rdoporo dl tutti I coaclotitl
oil onoHll wlnntorl I quail, atanolit di
nngborlo, dl aoprusl o d'lnRluntlzIn,
hanno gottuto da un lato pala o pic-
cono oil hnnno nlznto la loro voce dl
protantn, chlodpndo glustlzln.
Per oltro boI aoltimnno I r-npproaon-
tantl dol nrlnntorl tonlnrono In til I
mozzl posslblll por Indurro i padroni
.1     11 ,      !.   I      , 11 I 1
..... ..-v   ..,<■>>,».tv    ...    ,-v»i..*m   .«w   ...it*.   Kltl.lVt-
win rnn pbrI, nxiiit* ii\w\\\r.rt* ?.\\\\f.
lni?nnn*o wobbo daRll «cavatorl del
norb (liamanto, o por OHcoglmro 1 modi od 1 umul mlgllorl por vonlro ad
un accordo cho foaao Hoddlafaconto
por ontrambo lo parti, o almono pre<
U--I1UIIU   rtU   Ulll)   Klf.lUJIUfll   CtlH   UKlVlWl"
bllmonto cauaa duro prlvaxlonl al minatori, pordlto onorml nl padroni dollo
mlnloro o torna dl grando Inconvonl-
enta al pubbllco in xenorale.
IMa gli oporatorl hanno croduto inlg-
Ilor partltlo faro orecchlo da mor-
t-AYitw r-ftapln-jjendo lu prnpaato dl coloro cho t loro Implewtl av-ovano In-
carlcato dl prcuduru lu loru puill, Im.
loro rlsponta al llmito' ad importare
della ablrraKlla del peggtor conio, deg*
li avanil 41 forca, d&gll etterl eenia
tcrupoll.« wfttxtt, cowlenxa. aacclatl
<1a aoggle leggl da altre parti dl quea>
to contlnente, o ad atatcurarai 11 «er-
vUio del eanttgltumff n dMIa %*»M ttic
cl» delle cltla'.
Oil operatori atrlllano ora cho nan
al •' fatta nuanna pmaione premo
Lo sciopero del minatori addettl aP
le miniere da rame del Michigan ha
ragglunto uno .ptadlo acutlsslmo, tale
che da' seriamente da pensare.
1 Gli Scioperanti sono declsl a. resls-
tere a .tutta oltranza, .rlsolutl a non
tornare nelle vlscere della, terra so I
padroni non renderanno loro prima
glustlzia e ,ndn cederanno alle
gluste loro domande. Le compagnie,
dai canto loro, si affannano a cercar
crumiri, del quail purtroppo ne trova-
no non p'ochl, nnche. perche' efflcacc-
raento coadluvato dalla stampa prez-
zolta o lnfamo, che falslflca il vero
stato dollo cose o della sltuazlono.
In questi glorni nol dlstrottl dl Cal-i
umot, Kewoenaw o Ahmook' sono ev-
ovnutl del sorll confllttl fra sclopernn-
tl o crumirl. La sbirraglia ar soldo
dollo compagnie, anlmalu da zelo
dogno dl migllor causn, si nffretto' ud
operaro arrostl In massa fra gli scloporanti, lasclnndo poro' lndlsturbnti
gli lnfnml criimlrncci. Fra gli nrre-
stati vl Bono audio duo donno, roe ill
aver.... dimostrato In loro almpntla
gli Bdopornntl.
Fra gli arrostftll vl c' pnro 11 noto o
zelanto organIzzatore, llornardo (loggia, cho o' un voro apostolo doll'unl-
La sltuazlono o' gravlHslinn o si lu-
mono nuovl o piu' sorll dlaordlnl, som-
pro provountl dai cpntogno nlto/.zoBo
o provoennto dol porfldl ovlgllucchl
crumirl, cho si crndono invlolablll per-
clio' protottl dngll Bghorrl dollo com-
pnfftilo o dnllo truppo Btntnll, lo qiinli
Rl Bono proHtltullo nl iiordldo cnpltnl.
Ma II tompo o' gnlnntuomo od nncho
por gli Bolopornntl HpimtoraV proBto
o tardl, tin'ora novella dl trnnqullllla'
o dl ghiBtlzln.
II giorno dolla rlscosBa a'avvlolnn
iiiiclio por I coselentl o gngllnrdl minatori dol Mlchlgnnl—L'Unlono.
p'ort, but'this we do know: Apart from
any pecuniary benefit th^y may have
received or hope to receive as a result
of their generosity, it . certainly "requires moral courage of no mean- order on the part of a'business concern
to ally one's self with striking'workmen. Generally speaking, the tradesman is a loser by strikes and he does
not like them. He wants the worker
to make the best bargain, but'first
and foremost he wants him to work!
That he should adopt this attitude Is
only- natural—he ls observing the .first
law of nature Therefore, when we,
see a business firm who will come out
and wish the strikers success ln defiance of capitalist Interests! and help
them by monetary, considerations,
then xvtf' feel labor owes, such men
ovory expression of gratitude.
For flrBt-class Taxidermy work,
mounting anything from a annlco
to an elephant, cnll or writ©
P, O. Box 0 West Fernie
Le dellzle che lo prepararono
Mnrtodl 2!l corronlo, com'era Btnto
nnnunzlnto, I minatori d-ol Colorndo
Morldlonalo abbnndonarono 1b mlnloro, procJamntido Io Bcloporo aotto «ll
tnitnul.1   Ittrilll   tl.   .',.    It.^Ut   t.t i
Wnlftptibtiro; Colo.
A -hnnnflclo'dfil lot tori dnl "Lavoratore" scrlvo quoatii, ^rodo cho li mng-
glonuua abblano una Idea dollo con-
dizlonl cslHtontl nol cnmpl dol Bud
Colorado. Flno iii martodl scorfto cro-
tlnvu o hvmjib urrirtun iiiicm'ioi ma nllu
Convonzlono dl Trlnldnd furono palo-
Bate cono cobI rlbuttnntl, oho pnro lm-
po»«lb|lo cho II popolo di qui vl al ala
A cltarno una, Vn mtnatoro dl notno
Miller (non rlcordo 11 campo dovo In-
voraviO «ra »u»to colplto in un -occhlo
da un petto dI rpecla; nndo dai dot-
to*>-u du'.lu comp4gula (Uutto Miller
pagara ll.OO al mete per II dottoro) 11
qual« lo euro tanto ben« «he 1'occhlo
a'avveleno. Dovette ewer* tlraaportn-
to alio OBpetlale; dopo un palo dl meal
l'owhlo fu eitratto a cauaa della wal-
cura dol dottoro che avveleiw Voeehlo.
1>npo rhft 11 Miller fn gnarlto egll rltorno al lavoro, e la Mmpagnla gli
mando un bil por ll-O.OO par extra
«P*w; uno p*r IS0.60 p«r I'ettnutone
If you were told of a new
discovery lor the treatment o!
coughs, colda ond bronchitis,
os certain in Its action on oil
chest troubles as anti-toxin is
on diphtheria, or vaccination on
omall-poic, wouldn't you (eel
like giving it a trial ? Especially
ii you could try it Ior fifty cents I
Peps is the discovery I
Pepi are little UbluU, neatly wrap*
ptd in air and germ-proof illver foil,
J'b»y contain ooruiu iti«>llolnid ingto.
dUnti, wMflb, wli»p plwod ttpon , tli«
tongue, immo-llntcly mm into vapour,
ana are at ouoo brt«tliuil down the air
paiugM to tha lung*. On their ionrnoy.
thoy tooth* the Inflaraod and irrlttt-«-d
m«mbran<>i of th* brunohlnl tnhea, iho
dellcAto wall* of th* air p*H»g-w, and
I finalljr enUr and enrty relief and htillng
to mi» ettffiutmm* tnd ua/ ■».< i-hm *u Ut*
\ivtm,        ' ■■--,.
In ft word, while no llqnld or iolld
ean gel io the lung* and air pa«Mge«t
thtM P«p« tartH tt*t tlt*r* dinwt, and
at one* eommmiod their work of h«allng.
I'tpeare •ntiroly dlitlaet from the
old fuhidiud liquid cough cur**, wbloh
are merely awallowwt miu ib* »vomirr,ii,
aad n*r*r reaeh the lung*, rep* traet*
n*nt d oougha and eoldi i* direct inti*
If yoa have not yeHrlod P*p«, «it
ent thll artir)*, wrlw aerew II
the name and data of thl* paper,
and vail it (with Io- •*•">{> *«
Ky retain poiUg*) t-i Pup* f>.,
fonto,   A  free trial packet
111  then   be   *«nt   yon.
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
Bald at 26 Restored at'30. . Still have it at 55
• Young Man, Young; Woman, Which do you prefer.
A NICE PULL HEALTHY, head of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES ON THE SCALP,or an itcHy Irritation ls positive proof your hair
and scalp is ln a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the follow IngParasticial Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea. Sicca, Capitis, Tetter. Alopecia, or Bxcema) .
and certain to result ln absolute baldness unless cured before the germ '
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair ls absolutely  unnecessary  and  very   unbecoming.
ALL DISEASES OP THE HAIR fade away like dew under my scientific
treatment, and I posltlely have'the only system of treatment so far
known to science that is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting new growth. Tho hair can bo fully restored
to its natural thickness and vitality on all heads that still show fine hair'
or fuzz to prove the roots aro not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment   for   out   ot   the   city   people
who cannot como to me for personal   treatment   (WRITE   TO-DAY)   for-
questlon  blank and  full  particulars.   Enclose   stamp   and   mention   this
paper.   My prices and terms aro  reasonable.   My cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 "5'ears Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp, Specialist    „
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
.  Everything
Gall in and
see us once
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft your bill any Item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
la no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When £ou cant spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When' you buy
first-class luraber we don't slip In «
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter. If they bought their lumber
Advertise in the Ledger
•   and get Results.
" — Dealers in —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and.
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G.N. Depot   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
1   "' PE'RNIE
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,025,000
Reserve and Undlvld- total Asset*      72,000,000
ed ProfltB         8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlee-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Oold   en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson...
Revelstoke, Vanoouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of depoilt.
SIR EDMUND WALKlilt, C.V.O., LL.D., I),C.I.., Preildont
General Monnuir A«il«lant Gemini Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Interest nt the current rato is allowed on nil deposit.-, uf $1 and
upwards, Careful intention \n Riven to every account Small accounts
aro welcomed,   Accounts may bc opened nnd operated by mail.
Accounts iiiity bu opencu in liiu ii.tmca oi i,so or more persons-,
v.itlidf.t-.wii.s to bc iu.i-Jc by uny one of chem or by (lie hiitvivor. a,
_****,   _**•       viir »*_*«.. r»99 OBIOINALI ORJ
MM        inc. g*pgk _tT__       CHAHItH* wU*-r
A Joint Account with the Homo Bank I* * very convenient
arrnnirement for n man and liit wife, as the wife may deposit
or withdraw iiioik'/ in the nb-ieii.-.' of Iff tm-Hsrut on<1 »h<«
husbatul mny nl the *»rne liirtip i>j>rrai« thc account at if It
were hi hit penional name only. *in,
wcao-wicc»»» T^DnWTO  ihutn mason
•   ORANCHI&   IN      I   V*/l»V/IN   I   \J     OlMINUMtNtSIS
J. T. MACDONALD, Manager
V|OTORIA AVE., -:- -:- FERNIE, B. O.
' H lv.   .
.-I. ■* "
jy[ON.DAY October 20th. has been proclaimed a public hohd^by the Fede^
give thanks to kind Providence for benefits received dtiririgthepa^st yean    It is observed a:n^
nually at this season to allow tillers bf the soil to give thanks for the safe stow of their pro
duction. We are not tillers of the soil, but at the same time have many things to be thankful for. We
as merchants are thankful tb our many customers who have enabled us to harvest a good business
during the past twelve months, and we will show bur appreciation of same by offering the people of
Fernie and the district some ofthe keenest bargains ever offered in the Big Store.
Specials in Men's Clothing:
Our-Men's Department is especially well prepared with special
offerings for Thanksgiving week. All your needs in "Winter Underwear, Shirts, Sox, Overcoats, Suits and Sweaters can be supplied at
special sale priced during this week.
Men's Suits
Fine Tweeds and Worsteds in new patterns, cut in latest style
and all hand tailored. These are our newest Fall and Winter Suits.
Worth up to $30.00.   Special this week at $15.00.
Special Blue Serge Suit.-, Saturday and Monday only at $16.50.
Boys9 Tweed Suits
Boys' Tweed Suits, made in all sizes from 6 years to 10 years,
Norfolk style.   Special at $2.50.
Boys' Tweed Suits, heavy weight, all sizes up to 28 chest. Spc-
'cial at $3.00.
Mens Overalls - Bibs
Men's heavy stiffisli denim in blue with white stripe, made in
engineer style., Regular $1.50 pair.   Special $1.00 pair.
Men's Overcoats
Special  For   Thanksgiving-
week $15.00
, „ Konverto Overcoat
Patented Match u, ifUQ.
Jl desirable coat for fine or stormy weather. N
Fine imported Tweed Coats, very heavy, with extra largo shawl
or convertible collar; also fur collars.   Will bo sold during this
Thanksgiving Week at $15,00.
r Special Thanksgiving feature in our Shirt Department. Men's
heavy. blue flannel Shirts, collars attached, will not shrink when
washed, all sizes.   Special $1.25. ,  »   •   « ^
, I
Men's Coat Sweaters
Heavy Wool Coat Sweaters with deep collar., "This is' a real bargain at $2.50.   Special Saturday and Monday, at $1.75" each.
' Men's extra heavy all wool Coat Sweater in good color combinations, -deep shawl collars.. Regular value $4.50.   Special $2.50 each.,'
ipAt'm 50
UAcJknanc/i, Z/Qi£.
Boys' fine pure wool-Jerseys, button on shoulder. Special Saturday at 75c, 85c, $1.00 and.$1.50. ,.?
Boys' heavy ribbed wool pull-over Sweater, all sizes up to 30.
Special ^cturday $1.00.
Men's heavy all'wool ribbed Sox will be on sale "Saturday and
Monday at 4 pairs for $1.00.      N , W
9 oz. denim Overalls.  Special at 90c pair.
All sizes Boys' Pants, made from "good strong twocd, Special
foi* Thanksgiving Week at 75o pair.
Our Ladies9 Dry
Goods Department
Just received another shipment of Overall Aprons, wade with
full skirt and largo bib in many dlfforont patterns ot best English
Print.   All fast colors.   Special nt each 65c nntl OOo.
25 dozen bleached Pillow Cases in rognlnv size, made of fino
evenly woven cotton, woll finished and hammed.   Special 2 for 25c.
An extraordinary value in 24 rib Cashmere Hose. Mndo with
double knee and reinforced foot. Tho weight is right fur this season
of tho year.
Size fi to 7Vii» per pair 25o    ,
Sizo 8 and 8'/o, por pair 35o
3 for $1.00
Vests and Drawers which usually sell for 50c pot* garment. Vists
are high neck nml long sleeves and tho Drawers uro 'mndo in both
opon und closed,
Special 3 for $1.00
Comes in nil tho good stnple colors, full 32 inches wide and extra
heavy, nil fnst colors,
Pay Day Special, 8 yards for $1.00
An opportunity to buy a $10.00 to $20,00 Long Coat nt $5.00.
We have just twelve of them,   They nro. mnde of good quality cloths
in various nolo™.
Spooial for Saturday only, oach $5.00
$8.50 to $10,00 TRIMMED HATB-$5.00 EACH
Visit our Millinery  Department nnd  inspect theso beautiful
models.   Every Hat a -tlistinet creation of this sermon's latest stylos.
All the newest shapes and colors.
Q n t m * ri nf*   Cf-wrt/Unl     stn/tT*   <5H f\(\
Wo aro showing tlio largest selection of SnitH nnd ContH in the
Pass, Kvory now style nnd color is shown in our Itcndy-to-wcar Department. All our garments nre man tailored, havo the proper fit,
and nro suporior in stylo nnd quality than tlio usual ready-to-wear
OoaU and Suits $15.00 to $60,00
Ladies' Boot and
Shoe Department
For pay day wo havo mado a spocial reduction in Ladies' High
Class Shoes, Ono tabic in our Ladies' Shoo Department has been
filled with these Shoes, all sixes, all widths, all kinds and everything
goes for $2,00 por pair.
These high class Slices will cortainly bo picked up quickly by
those looking for real snaps, so don't* miss getting iu on these first.
Every pair a bnrguin.
Mens1 Boots & Shoes
Jn our Men's Department wo havo mndo a special table of high
top Hoots, odd lines that will bc piclcod up quickly. If your sizo
is thero thoy aro extra good values, In Fino Shoes our two tables of
odd linos have a price to suit any man's purso.
Felt Goods
Thu weather Ih getting cold; bolter get prepared,
Our Felt Shoos aro nrriving ovory wook nnd will soon bo complete,   Felt Slippers of ovcry description, good, comfortablo and
Men's Folt Slippers from 35 cents to $3.50.
.   .Women's Felt Slippers from 30 cent* to $3.00.
Children'h Felt Slippers from 25 oents to $2.00.
Don't. f»«»t. enhl foot whilo tho Folt fllirynprs Inst*.
If you -n,re interested in Fiirs, wo aro prepared to show you in
endless variety in all styles of Furs. Wo havo Fur Coats, Muffs, Collars, Capcrincs, Stoics and Sets at from $5.00 to $300.00. All Furs
sold with tlio usual Trites-Wood guarantee which, combined with
thn mannf.ifltiir^rs' guarantee, insures you both of quality nml ant]*-
Our   Grocery,   Specials
for Saturday,
Do not forgot to provide, yourself, Saturday, with tho necessary
dainties for your Thanksgiving Dinner Monday. This Department is
equipped to supply all needs with the choicest of Groceries, Fruits
and Vegetables,
Cranborrjos ',.. par lb.
Celery  ,-  por lb.
Lettuce  per lb,
Toyak Qrapos per basket
Swoot Potatoes .- ,... 4 lbs,
Choico Turkey , per lb,
Choico Chicken ..'  por lb.
Choico Fowl   por lb.
Mixed Nuts per lb.
Now California Figs  per lb,
Washington Apples  ;. 4 lbs.
Lowney's Cream Chocolates   per lb,
Moir'a Chocolates por lb.
Swift's Empire Bacon	
Swift's Premium Ham ,	
Tetley's Toa, 1 lb. Yellow Label per lb.
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground  2 lbs.
Lima Beans  •'! lb«.
Scodcd Raisins, 12 oz 4 for
Molasses Snaps 2 lbs.
Lowney's Cocoa   Vi lb. tin
Snidcr's Catsup  pints
Winder's Cocktail ... - • J'»'«i«
ivoiowim leaches, k! ii). tin 2 tar
Clover Leaf Salmon 1 lb. tails
Pink Leaf Salmon, 1 lb 2 for
Robin nood Flour 9S lb. sack
Sherriff's Grape Juieo   quarts
iiiwon Quality Pickles  '^» •■>'••
Crowe & Blaekwell's ."..'... •"• 18 ox.
Van Cnmp'B Soups 2 tins
Mnplo Syrup, quart bottles ; *...'> «aoh
Sweet Wrinkle Peas   2 tins
Pumpkin, 3 lb. tirvi : 2 for
Onion* ;  *° Ih«-
Turnips i - 10 lbs.
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
-'. ■. "•
. ^tstf^^fm^i^itm^t^^jM'i^'*^-, W' *■ '*-?■■ >
—.nm ^^9^.4m^99^r9.^iwm,.iK^r,.rn.~,.,


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