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The District Ledger 1913-03-15

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'■" Industrial Unity is: Strength
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The OfficiaTQrgan of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
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$1.00 A  YEAR.
'IV,** ?,*
raumai I'1,,.- ,:*. UllUfU' 1 ■■ ri|s.,|: *■'-i? -  • -    '
J** W. Wilkinson- Appears : Before
\.-"   Labor Commissioners       >
Chicago Department Store'Man;
■y -X So—Girls GlvePathetlcf:
;' ". '. Testimony" •--"
'■$■'-..'   v        STILL. UNDECIDED^
v -' /" > VANCOUVER; March~ 11.—A' clear
"■•1* -y'- arid comprehensive statement of the
•■","''*■', poBitlon'Of organized labor'In matters'
. -* y   pertaining totheinterests of the work-
' .f - .ing-classes,'-.was .presented to the la-
,  .   bor commission,, which resumed-the
*..."."  hearing'of testimony- iii Vancouver, at
-,-NVthe court Housetyesterday ,by.','Mr. tf.
•-'' s'c'W'. Wilklnsoh.present secretary of the
- •••-' ', -Tradesrarid"Labor Council, and former
, "'' 1> president-of the B.'C. Federation .'of
- —i-*' ,      • ,       -     .■-.  -    ■*,■ >     „ . ->     - -
,..".' ■:.-Labor. ,. y X, - , *is :.*,r \->,v . '-' /.,
\/ " -; -Several drastic^changes lii the legls-
, ',-.[[*„ tion .that affected the~ interests ■of the
■o AX. workers,-particularly the Employers'
': '• *'. "compensation act, were touched upon
7y iji by ".the .witness,' who'eloquently sup-1
,!;."■,., ported his contentions with*a fund of
,.''V ."-.facts "and figures; most of whichThad
-'■"■'   ^ . been divulged, at various meetings of
'throughout the.
There, were also several'in-
- stances of''deplorable" conditions ,"lm-
.' posed • on', the • workers: - that ' were
,- brought to light and received the clos-
,' ' est. attention on.the part; of-th© mem-
; - hers of\ tlie commission:' . "■    ■—;
Some of,the more important .matters
.,. that were- forcefully presented, by the
- well known spokesman - of" organized
" .labor .were:    • / f 'A ~ "■*'.'; y  ,
■"' l.^The enactment/of a-law compell-
- • ing the payment^of wages In cash, in-
^.^stead of .cheques."*'-.;_ ■','• -, y\ .':.',
2, Suggesting.va method of traveling
registration of voters that would give
them the right of suffrage in whatever
section they-might" be located=at the
time of-election^''        "',_-'   '•   v   -
• 3. The abolishment of private employment agencies. ' .      'A    X-
, ■!.• Creation of a workmen's^compen-
sation commission, the effect of which
would be to obviate the necessity of-
bringing an' action. at law to'receive
damages.' t   \  A • X.    A,
'5., Striking-out the clause ■ of the
compensation act. which limits the
heighth of a biiilding<where-the worker can'obtain compensation for an injury." '"'     .    ", v     ;   '•'".;''   ,    '  'I
6, The apijointmerit' of an inspector
of scaffolding to" ensure the safety',of
the-employees: '.- '■;,. , ^ " - ■ .
- 7. Discounting; the practice of" subsidizing immigration."
8. Extending.-, the supply of free
school books to .all grades..-     .  ,
9. Segregating Asiatic school children from the whites. ".       A. •
, 10. Removing • the property qualifications necessary.-for' municipal elections and-abolishing, the'requirements!
of an "election deposit. -. ._'' - '* v
11. Advocating the general improvements "of sanitary'conditions in camp3r
x;.---.  ■•   -    - _. .   ';/
,'OHJCAGO, March 10.—William C,;
Thome, ^ice-president of Montgomery,"
IViard "&' Co., %i mail order house, told
the,,vice commission today that a girl
can,live on $8 a week thus:
I; Room.rent $3; breakfast (coffee and
rolls) 40r,centB; luncheons' 90 cents';
dinners'?i.40;'. carfare 60 cents; clothing and.incidentals $1.70. ', , .V-'.
-The witness gave the following Btate;
ment to. show" that the commission's
idea that there.should be a minimum
sWage scale for women of $12 a^ week
is "too high. ;*' The p figures, given,- he
said, were'tlie actual expenditures of
one of his' ' 1,973'female , employees.
Another girl'-"employee disbursed,-'.her
wages as follows:   -_-  \    , • ■>    "•,".-'.,'(
Room and'board $3"50; laundry ,201
cents; car fareJ 20 cents; clothing and'
incidentals,$3.80;  savings'25 cents.   '
The statement ■ fails to account for,
a! surplus of five ceiits, biit-this was'
not explained and Senator Beall remarked; that'the girl probably, spent
it frivolously.      A.,    \ ,' ;   7,. j
Many witnesses were heard todaj;4n
addition to Thome; all representing
department, stores -, employing .'thousands of girls and;women. \There \^ere
no witnesses, from the underworld.
The commission which expects to pursue its work for the next tw'o^ years,
adjourned until'further notice, which
probably will be within the latter part
of next week. One senator told Thorn
that girl, after girl had been' on the
stand and had testified that she Md
"gone "wrong" because she could not
make a living otherwise.
(Special to District Ledger)
EDMONTON,   March, 1,4.—
fhe. Mines Bill has not yet
pbeen brought before the house
for final'argument, and it is
likely It will be heldiip for a
-few days' yet on account of
proposed amendments.
h'~,''•..,.,", .A INDIANAPOLIS;  March"ll.-Frank,
, '    - 7 "„M: Ryan'of ChicVgo, one of the labor-
"  '  ■ '- ' .leaders , in ' the., dynamite, .conspiracy
'-v-■-. ;'"*,}B* t >     •■   '•*   ;-,',",, ,'*,"•' '"• "'• '    ;.'
, y*~ '; '.trials hu*ro,'0.v^a .'reelected' president
S' ~-t*7'7'-"ot"the;Internati6nal,, Association   of
l, • •   .    Bridge and Structural Iron Workers
,*'-'   .       ,ai; their convention here"last week.
*'. •  ,       /Other officers elected at the session,
if i       .■•     *r r      n~ j* f ( '
;■,"- , ,'-'which was hold behind'closed doorB,
y'X -Harry Jones, 'New York, secretary-
y,'',-' ,,' treasurer, succeeding Herbert S.Hock-
X.    *■•'-. Iin,,who now,Is servjng six years in
/'      ,    tho''foderal penitentiary at Fort Leavenworth,- Kansas,- for1 lilB**part' in the
/ alleged dynamlto conspiracies. ,
,    , '    James-E. McClorey, of Clovelnnd,
1   ,-    .   - who has. been acting aocretary-trens-
■ , - v..uror, first' vice-president, and  P. J.
>"■   .       MoVrln, St. Louis, second vlce-prosl-
■ "■ '.dent.' "■
. • Tho oxocutlvo board   will bo.com-
y. iwsed of Patrick Vaughn, San Fran*
),, clsoo; John A. Johnson, Nowfrrk, N, J.j
j p. J. O'Slioa, Niagara Falls, N Y.;- and
,.."",..  " Frank MoKlnnoy, Globe, Ariz.   ,
Ryan was.opposed .for re-election,
but tho vote" was not announced.,
. * .,.       Tlio convontlon. passed a ropolutlon
to ralso $150,000 with which to caro for
the families of tho men convicted of
.',  conspiracy In tho dynamite trials and
'' also votod to ralBo whatever amount
of money la.noodod to defend tho convicted mon In caso a now trial Is Brant-
' ' od thorn.   Tho fainlllon of all tho mon
will bo caroil for until after tlio canes
havo boon finally decided.
Tho noxt annual mooting will bo hold
in I'vorln, Ills,, In Bnptombor, 1014, It
wns docldod boforo tho convention wns'
Directors  of   Midland   Railway   Rein-
■",. • state' Switchman to Prevent.
:   A       , Trouble        '— ...      ';
'LONDON, March 8—England sighed
with relief'last night when the directors of the' -Midland railway company
announced thfft they would reinstate
Richardson,; the guarii who was discharged for-refusal to obey an order,
and "would otherwise meet..'the demands of the "railway men's union,-
which had taken'up his case and threatened a national strike in case of noncompliance with-their demands.
Public opinion is entirely on the' side
of .Richardson, whose, refusal to obey
the-orarcommands'of the local superintendent' in disregard of the printed
regulations of the company is generally approved. The press without exception for two days past has Been
calling upon the company to give way.
Introduction of Military Bill in French
Chamber Results in Unusual-
- PARIS, March 7.—The introduction
in the-chamber of deputies yesterday
of Premier Briand's new military bill
Increasing the term of. service in tho
active army to three years, instead of
two was made the occasion for a big
■demonstration of anti-militarism by a
band of Socialists under the lead of
Juares' Colly, Valllant and Lauche.
These deputies and their followers refused for several minutes to' permit
Eugene Etienne, minister of war, to
address the chamber in behalf of the
measure, using the flaps of their desks
to create a deafening din."
""The "efforts of. M.' Deschanel, president of the chamber to restore order
were not successful until the manifest-
ants had exhausted their energies, after which1 a brief debate took place,
New   Trial  March   31 st—Addresses
Jury  for  two   Hours
LOS ANGELES, Mar. 12>-Clarence
S. Darrow's second trial on a jury bribery charge ended in a disagreement
of the jury.' Eight jurors were for
convictlSn, four held out for' acquital
Darrow immediately demanded a new
trial and District Attorney Fredericks
The Socialist demonstration aroused
widespread patriotic indignation last
night on the boulevards, in clubs, and
cafes.. A        -*
'Chengtu, Szechuen,- "China, Mar. !_!_,
^Two.mercha'nts were'executed here
yesterdtfy for, storing'opium.' Four.of-
ficers'were.killed-at Kienchow by the
militia while tliey were attempting to
force -farmers' to' destroy, their' poppy
crops. X- S A A'X ■ ,
Twenty Men Killed By
Explosion of Dynamite
Forty 8tevedores Are Misting and May
. Be Dead—BritIsh Steamer
■   , .     Wrecked
Don't Forget to Register Before April 7
"   .   dr. Workingman,-, it-is^-absolutely necessary/for. your" own-; sake
and tliat of your fellow;Workers to see that' you are on the voters vol). ,
oPEvery> voter-in "British Columbia has been disfranchised by an.
■^act~brought"down_in the-provincial legislature in the last-moments of
Its'session.'       .   "     ■ ',   '   ■' ' "'"        /    .
'is i
•      Remember, this was not done for your benefit."
To get on the list it Is necessary,to make an application in person.
tp a commissioner," notary public,' or justice of the peace. ' A list of '
? commlsBlQner8,for'the^peniJft.-W.idjng,wlll be found In another column.
^Ev'ofy.Socialist ahd labor local should have 'a committee.to see
nthat the names are put on the lists after,the applications are" made,
for, as your experience has pernaps raugnt you, your name may never
"reaclrthe list.   The committees should also see that the lists are not
padded and they, should also be on hand at the court of .revision.
Mine.Work will Be Curtailed
To Avoid. Over-Supply   .
NEW YORK, Mar. 14.—The Lehigh
Valley Coal company, announced on
Thursday that because of the large
accumulation of coal and the poor demand caused by the mild weather, the
operations of its mines will tie suspended 'for three days each week for
the present.    .
Mayor  Reports Transfer of  Monarch
Collieries and  Large Tract
and the bill was referred to a commit- \ granted it.   Judge Conley of -Madero
tee. ' county, who presided, set March 31 as
the date for the beginning of the trial.
Darrow, nervous under the strain ol
waiting 38 and one-half hours for the
jury to report, seemed to regard the
disagreement as a relief., He met reports that the prosecution might riot
press the case again,- with the declaration that he would' not rest content
with freedom, his character smirched
by the "not proved" character of the
- "I have not decided whether I shall
go ahead with the case or move the
dismissal of the indictment," District
Attorney Fredericks said, "and I will
not think about it at all for some time.
LOS ANGELES, March 8—When
CJarence S, Darrow, charged with the
bribery of jurors in the McNamara
trial, began the closing argument in
his own defense in ills own trial which
has just been concluded, crowds tried
to'obtain admittance to the court room
which could accomodate comparatively
few. ;
■ 'Conditions approaching'a riot were
reached when the doors were thrown
open'. Several" women fainted and
so blocked the ^yay that few' obtained
women charged into the court room in
great numbers. ' A   ■
In the beginning Mr. Darrow bitterly assailed former Judge'Wheaton A.
Gay, special prosecutor, who yesterday
scored Darrow. " '
Evil Forces Would Destroy Him "
"Onlyonce beforei" said Darrow to
the jury, "have I had the occasion to
speak to a jury for myself" (referring
to'the former trial which resulted in
his acquittal) "and one feels on such
an occasion that he may sny too much
or too little.'. So I will try to forgot
„ BALTIMORE, Md., Murch 10.—Tho
BrltlBlf steamer Alvim Clilne, loading
dynamlto for use on' the Panama canal," was' wrecked by an explosion followed by flro this morning ln the lower harbor off Hawkins Point. Accord;
ing to the police, 20 men _woro killed
and 25 injured. The rest of tho people on the stenrnor saved thomsolves
by Jumping overboard. They were
picked up by launches and tugs.
" A Imrgo lying nlongsldo, containing
340 toiiB of dynamite bolng transferred
to tho Alum Chine was complotoly destroyed nnd flunk. It Is bellevod tho
explosion occurred on tho barge.
Tho force of tho explosion swept
away tho upper,1 workB of the Unltod
Stntos naval collier Jnaon, killing throe
mon and Injuring 20 others. The Jason
wn« ahout 70i! foot away at the time.
Sho had juut boon coihplotort by the
Maryland Stool company nnd wax noon
to lmvo had hor government trlrtl trip,
Tito latOHt roport pliicoa tho number
of dond nt 20 nnd the Injured nt 40. Of
tlio latter ton of tlio JaHon'H pooplo nro
snid to bo fatally hurt.
Kootenay End of Road
to lie Rushed Through
Contracts Awarded--Will Reduce C. P. \R, Mileage
to Const—M<*ans Much tn Hi* Prt*«?
Efforts Will Be Made to Have Government Lease It to the City
1 LETHBRIDQE, March 12.—Somewhere,, under the city of Lothbrldge
at a depth (of about throe hundred
feet, thero is a coal deposit on which
the Dominion government has not yet
granted a lease, Tho city, wishes to'
leaso the coal land, if tho government
can bo induced to consldor the application favorably.,
Very "fow peoplo know of tho deposit, but at the council meeting yesterday, Mayor Hardie, Introduced tho
subject, Intimating that It would bo n
good ldoa, If tho city council woro to
try to obtain It.
Mayor Hurdle stated that It was
part of the Lothbrldgo doposlt which
was not leased to tho A. R. and I, Co.,
when thoir original loano wati granted.
Ho said Iio know tho oxnet location
of tho coali and thatl^ could bo worked from tho ontrnnco to tho existing
oity coal mino,
That the coal Ih Icn^wn to some
pooplo Is evidenced by tho fact that
not long ago tho government grunted
a lonno to a private Individual, but on
finding tlmt It wan.within thn city
limits, It was cancollod, nnd tho government will refuse to Rrnnt any fur-
thttr applications to private Individuals
However, the Mayor thinks tlmt If tlio
city woro to ask tlio jfovornmont for
tho land (or city uso only, tho application would probably bo granted, nml
tho nocosslty of buy Ini; a coal mine In
another plaeo would bo avorted.
■ i. ,
Resolutions Addressed  .to Provit.ci.il
and Federal Authorities Re
Labor Matters
TABER, March" 11.—A deal in coal
mines and coal lands.which will be of
some:■-importance to,-Taber has just
been completed by Mayor W. W. Douglas,'who returned from a trip to Van-
ieou^Vf!~oir~FrIday,'' say"s~_thF*Tal>er"
Times. -  '.
The deal involves' the "transfer ' of
the Monarch Collieries, on the south
bank of the river, and a tract of coal
land across thp river, which will now
be 'controlled by a' company under
the name 'of the Consolidated. Monarch-Collieries, capitalized at. $500,
000. '   ' .   .-   .
■ The new company includes several-
Vancouver capitalists, who have become interested ln the coal industry
in Taber. ( It is their intention, according to Mr. Douglas to' develop
thoir new properties hero on a large
scale, and they will Instal a plant
sufficient to handle 400 or 500 tons
per day.
This deal- brings new capital into
the flold nnd gives an ndded impetus
to tho Industry hero,
that I am a lawyer and will talk to
you -as man to man, fairly, honestly, -
as 1 have always tried to talk and
tried to live.
."Had I been a robber or burglar or
a defaulting bank cashier and had been',
tried once and acquitted no one would
have dared to place me on trial again
in a community of Intelligent men.
■ "But I had to be tried again because
the forces'which control this United"
States—the great forces of evil—want
to destroy me. - Tliey have bribed ev-'
ery gutter snipe and every sewer rat
they could to testify agaliist me "so' .'
that their masters might 'get me.' "
Compares Case to Dog's
* He proceeded to belittle the prose-'  .
cutors and the evidence they had mustered against him, Baying:
"There isn't enough evidence against
me to warrant any of you whipping .
your dog, if-you have one, if that evidence were against that dog.
"I-don't fear you Jurors. , I have
been here too long. I know you too
well. -1 no more doubt the result-than
[1 would if my brothers and sisters were
passing judgment upon-my guilt or
innocence. ' ■  '
"Any conscientious man,-   knowing
the infamy  of the  plot against' me, ••-
would acquit me on that account, even -,.
if lie thought me gurny."
Before Darrow began his arguments,
former Judge 0.\W. Powers of "Salt
Lake City, a member pf the defense,
concluded his/' After denouncing Bert
IinFraniriiinihe"formeirMcNamara de-_
tective, who confessed jury bribery;
John Tl. Harrington, the Chicago attorney associated with the McNamara
defense, who became a state's witness,
and'Guy Biddinger, an employee'of
Detective WilMara J. Burns, Powers
launched into n eulogy of Darrow.
-"OJnrenco S. Darrow Is a great man"
asserted Powers; "ho belongs to'that
great army of noble souls that ln all
ages have paved the way for liberty
and for human.freedom."
Darrow spoke for more  than (, two
VANCOUVER, March-12.—Tho usa
of the provincial police In the ■ Cum-
norland conl mine strike will bo the
subject of a protest on the part of tho
Trades and Labor Council to Premlor
Sir Richard McBride,,, A resolution
ombodylng tho protest was drawn up
nnd passed at tho mooting of tho council last ovonlng, It wiih also decided
to direct a protest, against the refusal
to admit to this country nn I. W. W.
organizer because of language which
he Ir said to have used to officials. The
objections of tho council on thin matter will be forwarded to Mr. II. If.
Slovens and to tho Trndes and Labor
Congress of Canada. ^
Dynamite Explosion
Wrecks Scotch Town
Number of Dead Is Not Known
Injured Number Hundreds
The Annual First of May
Demonstration will be
held in Lethbridge
It has boon announced that tbo C.P
R. has Awantal contracts afgrn-KftttiiK
fit.ooo.noo for tho completion of tbo
1l9.tttK.utt'*   Uuliti  uUuUl,    <rt&K,r*Hl»«
known as tbe Jukoson-Qolden cutoff.
The work will be rushod, and will bo
completod by tbo fall of 1014.
Twenty miles of thia road, wbUb
Is Juot 100 miles In length, and will
connect up th# Crow* Vt**t. branch with
the CPU. main Use, have been com-
plrtrri In thn tiaai yn^r, th* and ot
ft del being at Fort Blofrle. Tbe u>n-
tract* Just let comprise the balinee
of the road to Oolden. tome miles veil
cf tho big hill at risld, on Ute nuln
Itarne *\ Jordan,   the eentraetore,
vllt lUrt fork on the sew coabacl
Immediately, will employ about 3,000
men, and will keep about flvo or six
stenm shovels nt Work. Thoy will havo
4>wuv»*l ^>i\'.uiu vauj)>a, wim 'it Will tb*
quire two seasons to complete tho undertaking.
Tha Doomer-Hughes contract le, for
tho Fort Steele end of tho road, and
this firm will also make a stsrt Im>
mwllately with « vlow of tnmjil*tlng
their part of the work thtt seaton.
Tb» rnmpfrtlmi of t*w ,TiiJf*»»on-rirtf(f.
en cutoff Is fraught with grtml Importance to Pernio and the Grows Nest
Pass, conslderablrfaduclai the C.P.U.
taltfcttte through to the coast and providing a wwl* approximately a thousand feet ?owi»r fhrrttfffc the msln mmitt-
tain range than is tho mala Haa.
'   r LO88 OP A LEO
\YlX.\U-tM, Miivtih VL—A. ii. Hi**-
erin#, former Canadian Northern fireman, ha* bwn awarded f 10,000 for tho
loss ot a Iok. This waa the result of
n clnlm OBnlnut tlio Grand Trunk roc-
u*\. u>r *,M>.\mu in tho civil HRKlZOB
H08TON, March lll.-That tho pro-
diicor should receive nt loast OS contH
out of ovory dollar paid by lliu coiihii-
mor, was tho statement mnrlo by
(loorgo M, Twltcholl, of Auburn. Me..
prosldont of the Mnlno State Cranio
nt thn nnnunl mooting of tho Now l-Jwr-
lurid conference on rurnl progress today.
Commissioners Appointed
Under tite Elections let
T.ONDON, March "H.—The five wf-
frtgettes who yesterday attempted to
reach thu Mug with {Millions while ho
was on his way to, parliament wero today tent to prison for periods ranaln;
from it days to one month. The five
yonn* women imve their names as
MHUn Wilcox, porotoy Smith, ftafh-
fain fitffiU CkrUuik Vwitluu <ud
flrsce Staiirt.
Daniel McDouunll. O. W. Hors. Itobt.
Iiudlu.v, George P, John non, II. A,
Wllkos. J. It. Wallace, Ilobcrt Uwul-
liif?, Thomas Hwk. W«H*>r T. TTnvnrn
John ll. Hmllh, Wm. A. WJImot, J. I».
1.0 we. »
William Korftytho, James K. McCool,
(loorgo Mitchell, James .J. Scott, Andrew P. Winters, Thomss Corkill, John
Coal Creek
Uitvid .\U1U11, Tiion. Mitchell. Itobt.
Wm. T, Watson, Thos, Cole.
Crews Wist
Malcolm Mclnnes   ,
}a *t!.UUuu Lu lUt» *tat« tbe mayor
or any «l<krman can register you.
GLASGOW, Scotland, March 10.—A
terrific dynamlto explosion todny
wrocked tho town of Irvlno, ln Ayrshire Tho number of dond Is not yot
known. It Is snid thnt tho Injured
number hundreds
Tho explosion occurred nt Nobols ox-
jiIohIvo works, nt Ardor, 20 miles from
Olnspiow, For n radius of Rovoral mllon
It had tho forco of n dostructlvo earth-
Tho town of Irvlno wa« shnkon to Its
foundations. Many Iiouk.-k, ciiuroiioH
schools, and puhlie liiRtltutlmiH worn
destroyed, Ceilings fell everywhere
partitions collapsed and HmrMy n
window In Iho town was loft Intact.
Peoplo walking on thn at reels were
thrown (0 tho ground nnd wen! »er-
loiiHly Injured. All tho Inhabitant'!
ru»lied from thoir houses ln ennsturun-
tion. Tho wntor front nnd tlio harbor
were masses of wrcclinK«-
There were three distinct oxplnslmw
followed hy an Immense column of
smoke two miles IiIrIi,
Ten Killed In France
VISRIN8,   Franco,   March 10,—Ton
Vit-rlrm**]** Inlnrnl In :t y.u\\r mind \
the explosion of t\ moving picture rip
paintus In n small upilnlrs theatre late
Intt night. Tho audience numbers!
Ip    Mt/%    r<m1i    *n    #«.»     * ..*    .t 1
_    >- *, *
clicked the stairway nnd many jumped
from tho windows.   Tho
followed the explosion, was promptly
WINNIPISO, March lO.-Cnnadian
Northern rullwuy conductors, not having received a satisfactory answer
from Vlca-Prosldait Sir Donald Mnni',
In reHpoiiHo to tlielrdoniunilH for higher wnges nnd better worki-v; condl-
tloiiH, iiHked tho Dominion government
tonlg'it for a board of cjjjirtTiiitlou pie
vIouh in doclnrlng a strlko on the fiiu-
pany's Hywtem In Canitdii. If the mil-
way onmpnny doellnes to luniw n nw»i>.
bor cf thn board a Htrllto Immeltnti ly
will he declared, It was said tinh.lii,
An answer Is oxpefted tomorrcv.
B.C. Federation Voting
On Representation
** *__
Amendments to tho constitution ot
tho II, C, Kodoi'utlon of Ijihor, an adopted nt tho recent Victoria convonllon, have been submitted to affiliated
unions for ondormitlon or rejection.
The outstanding Item ih that porlnln-
'iik to representation, the amoii'linent
lending uh follow*:
"Tlmt the UiisIh of representation
kIiiiP bo one vole for nvery hundred
nemliers, no delegnle to bnvn minv
tliiin five votes,"
The old system of roprosnntntlon
was one delogiitu, otio vote.
Congress May Pass National
Wage Law
C* r ., - I , ..
»-!...«        1
vvttbiungton,   Will    Urge
Legislation for Relief oi Working Girls—Chicago
Investigation Stirs Whole Country
MM9IIIVTTOV      ',•',-''      '.*
bills will no introduced early
Tbe following nppol.U ments have
hern annnuneed In tbe AlVrta government gaxette:
Justice tif ihe P^att—-J>un<aii Chrln*
tie Morrison, of Diamond «'ttv.
Commissioners fer Taklmt Affidavit*--Norman M. MorrH-iri. IIeaT*f
Mln^s; John Normsn I'wli, l^^*
bnrg; George fttewart, f bif*eok.
Ill the
flro, whl?n special session of congresfi and panned
at every opportunity for the establishment of a minimum wiw** scale, to
apply nationally, wa* tlio declaration
today of Senator Polnrtetfor. of Washington, in commenting upon the dis-
slosures of tis** Illinois niii** i^nNl.i
Urn committee In Chicago.
"Protection of women, through the
minimum wage scale, upheld hy law,
l» one ot the essentials In thit piogrea-
sire national pUifArm." ***> **i*i. "It
Is one nf tbe things tn bt* Analt with
by an Industrial com mission, which
WiaII hnvti bmed powers and duties In
.*»...  .^*.*,     An  A  icHMIII   It   IM   CCillItU),
and an Ntrly coming Is Inevitable.
"Investlgntlons aro not so necmar;
now as definite action.
"Tho condition of Industry Is pretty
well known. Wh.it wv wnnt !« ,1 litt
«nabllng tho national government to
enfnrr* iho $iym>.nt nf nt !<*a*.t a Uv
Ing wuiti). That lhat law needs en-
forrewicnL Thn Investigation will
come up early In tite session and will
be prrtiwitl at every opportunity. It will
probsbty no< turfw-d la the htmte In
the *iw>rt*1 a**a*\tOi to, armitnt nf tht*
tariff and <urr«m>* del>sU>», but wilt
»fuy up until It In art e'd upon,"
wiMEwtfc W^   iii «- »i|Wi.l^,y  iwp^liii
-„ \X-y-fi7
-   - **,? ' - .  " - .-*C 'K^-i* * - --    -   . -
•■   - .     "•'.    . •": yr-SF-.-Z'-'V.-A  --.*■■ -.*.-'■*
- , -     - -",.~ B>-i!S4r«K*.-    "-,,   *»-. s,-     ">•".    '-
^ .-*-,,- i ~ rit**:.:.Cstf!" <•', -* .-'. * -*     -     c -? - -, ~*
^TfeB/pisraiOT; LEDGER; gERfms, B. C.f:MARCH45,1913,
By Job Harriman
and able to,"stand the test of endurance.   '     - "..,^.c-"" "   %' >,   .'
The feudal system-was-not" extinguished in a "day, nor .'with "one blow,
but by the gradual 'tfleveiopment" of
more, efficient industrial institutions
and eom-mercial^mebhods..;1 Likewise
will capitalism be supplanted by such
gradual change in the ."methods' of conducting both "our industrial and commercial establishments "and by, inaugurating such new industrial and business methods as shall be advantage-
Job itarriman is an Indianian by
l>lrth but 'a- Californian by long residence. His activity in the Socialist
movement covers a period of almost
twenty years, and in 1900 he was the
running mate of Eugene V. Debs in
tho first campaign of the present Socialist party.
In tho fall of 1910 Mr. Harriman
made a record breaking campaign for
tho mayoralty of Los Angeles, In which
the whole body of organized labor was
lined up under the Socialist banner.
It was generally believed that l\<*
would have been elected, but for the
shock oausei-by the disclosures ofthe
MoNamaras' guilt, three days before
Mr. Harriman has always stood for
' the closest co-operation between the
labor union, and the Socialist party,
holding that for the workers to depend
on either form of action without'the
other would be as futile as for a man
to try to walk with one leg or fight
with one arm.
The present article, it ,-should be
noted, was written early in December.
A new gospel of social emancipation has ben much preached in this
country within the last t>vo or three
' years]   It  goes  under  the  name  of
'Direct Action.'
"Discard political action. c Abandon
the patient.and laborious methods of
the Socialist party. Disregard the
ballot. Cease to strive for labor legislation eM immediate partial reforms.
Cease to think of winning control of
the public powers through the ballot
and transforming society by peaceful.,
and orderly means. Go direct to the
goal. Take and hold the industries.
All. or nothing, in defiance of the law
and all its powers." . \
This, in brief, is the advice tliat is
leing given to the working people in
many quarters.
No doubt it appeals to some of tlie
"workers—especially to those least
trained in organi/.ed thought and ac-
"lionT" But. it seems to have a special
—fasoination-for- the—idealists—forepersons "whose relation to the working
class movement is one of sentiment
and not of action, of sympathy and not
of participation,
It is a suicidal policy that they coun-
} It means catching bullets from the
(jnuzzle of the gun—an impossible task.
lit will be a sad day for tho working
.class if any considerable number of
Ithcm aro ever led to make tho nttempt.
j Not for the sake of any sentiment
'or theory, but for the sake of tho fu-
'turo wclfafo of tho workers, I protest
against the
preaching   with all my
4 - - ■'•
An Invitation to ^Disaster
1 Will wisdom urge a- host of untrained, unfed, unarmed' men to .such a
task? Let us not forget that the capitalist class is possesed'ofj tremendous
power; the army, the navy, the militia,
the police, the power to increase this
force by conscription, the public treasury, the public credit upon which to
borrow, the power to tax, the billions
of wealth in the hands of the rich who
stand ready with their cash ln hand
to deliver it when needed for thoir
own defense; also tho law, and tho
courts to sot the machinery in motion.
Will they use this power? Have
they not used it whenever occasion
called? Is it not natural that they
should? Will not every organization
defend itself whenever its very vitals
are being attacked? So long as democratic privileges exist in tho form of
the ballot, are they not acting under
color of right?
' Lead your more or less nebulous
democracy up to the muzzle of the
nation's guns, all of which are well
equipped, organized, mobilized,' and directed with the greatest skill, "and you
will quit the battlefield in /disaster,
leaving it strewn with the dead,and
wounded, and with democracy defeated, and plutocracy better organized
and more tyrannical than before.
'When I think of the desolate field
after the battle is over, _and thc still
more desolate hearts and homes of
those left behindhand how little would
be, accomplished by such a cataclysm,
I shudder in amazement at what seems'
to me to be a short-sighted policy of
impatient men.
"Impatient! Are not the fields of
industry sufficiently desolate?"
, .Indeed, they are. Better, however,
that^the. fields of Industry should be
strewn with the .suffering bodies of
living men than that the battlefields
should be strewn with the bodies of
the dead. In life there is hope and,
power to act, but the grave is silent
and fruitless.
"But direct action does not mean
this." "       ,"■    "     ''
How childlike! How superficial!
How ingenuous! -Are we not told that
we cannot vote into existence the. desired change? How then can it- be
ushered in by passive resistance? '
Will tlie cannon roar and the bullets
pierce the political actionists, but remain silent, and harmless when confronted with the passively resistant
direct actionists?
Do not be Impatient. Nature is no
respecter of impatience nor of sentiment. Sho is prodigal of time and of
her children, Sho respects only power, and only such power as Is orderly
rii IffP
mmmmf t_________________rt^,__________________i_m
___MBaSw^J-' X'J \WmmWHBB
_____W*ti-*t y, -^JHIIHI
ous to' the working class. Around
such advantage alone ^111" grow a
powerful and enduring working.class
movement.      • .'       -   -   -■
Let not the direct actionlst hug, to
his.bosom the* illusion that, he alone
proposes to overcome his "difficulties
Every capitalist "is a. little tyrant wiiV
m Ins .own little realm. Every trust'
is a federation of little" tyrants In* a
more extended -'realm; "and- a federation of trusts,' under private .control,
would 'mean a/monarchial tyranny, coextensive ."with "the- government' over
which such federation'held sway.  "■ .'
In the bustness,"afrfalrs of the powerful capitalists there is'no-democracy
In their political1 platforms'there is no
tendency toward .democracy. Absolute
control over propetty.is'tbe parent of
monarchial ideals', and institutions. In
corporations 'stock - votes. ■ In' politics
tlie heavy, owners: of "stock stand for
property qualifications.' Their.proper^
ty"* is .their power-house. "'By" it' they
are able to ..force '.othqrs to work-for
and ^contribute tlieir energy to the increase of capital,,and'thus'they multiply and .extend their power, their privileges''and their luxuries; and' their
ideas and theories of government flow-
-therefrom and conform :thereto.(1 ,
-Aimong'the middle class an'opposite
tendency'is developing. ' They have
met the large combinations of capital,
are fighting industrial and commercial
battles, *and aro losing m the struggle.
The balance'is gradually,shifting from
the credit to the deficit side of their-
ledger.- Their property is'being absorbed by .high Interest,, high rents,,
high freight rates, high prices for the
products' of /monopolized ' industries,
while, they are ever "receiving loNver
prices for their own "output. Seeing
theirjnabijiity to'.pit theirsmall power
against', the enormous "financial and
economic^'power of the -trusts, they
are beginning to rebel and are refusing to abide by the rules made by the
.large capitalists arid are advocating a
more extended democracy.   In many
by. mass action.   'Mass .voting also lis I
mass action—the same mass, the same J states they are beginning'to, champion
power,  the-same interest, • the  same  woman suffrage, the,initiative, the ref-
goal, but-a better method.-
' .-      , - -.
/Which Erid of the Gun?
The one;follows the- pathway
erendum, the recall. - . ■   - .  *"
Thus we see the germs'of democracy
developing as the .individual l<5ses control over his own property, or is being
leads to the muzzles of tho nation's, dominated by property in "the hands
guns, and while there proposes to-actjof others.
in violation of the law.
Tho other follows the pathway that
leads to the breech of the guns, an.l
while there proposes to change tho
law, and thus open the'way to, and
make lawful, the desired' changes in
industrial and commercial methods.
"But our people'are disfranchised."
Is this the.excuse? This"begs ths
question. The vast majority of the
voters now belong to the working class'
By, voting together they can bring
abo'-'t such legislation as will eiifran
ch'se all disfranchised pevr-ons by permitting thorn to vote wherever they
may be. We strike at the very foundation of democracy whenever we re-'
-fuse-io-vote- and-to-a blde-^by-the-rulej
established by-the majority., ' Is. it
possible or even probable,.that, the
working, ■ class will pursue such a
course? Or is-direct action-merely*^
the nightmare of temporary despair?
Will not every "class, develop in tho
direction of 'its greatest efficiency?
Aro the workers not strongest ln democracy and the capitalists, strongest
in militarism? > . -
.Do not the capitalists proceed upon
tlio theory that they have aii unqaesf-
iopablo rUU.t of absolute control over
the property to which .they hold title?
In this theory lies hidden the gore-
of a monarchal form of government.
The Roots, of Democracy
Among" the propertiless,class, democracy is the rule of .action.' There
being, no extreme, power by • which
their affairs ,can be dominated, the
voice of the majority necessarily pre-,,
vails. So also must democracy reign
supreme- whenever tlie interests of
those in control of property are equal
and mutual. In such case no other
means can' be devised," because. eaeb
vote 'has equal weight, being support-,
ed by equal power.     [- ' -      \'.V"
- -Industrial development, by expropriation of small owners, has forced(den?
ocratici institutions and methods,upon
the same:,upon the'middle class; while'
•directly-'tho opposite results are being
produced ,among the mqre powerful
and opulent capitalist class.'   .
Mobilized capital will ever be more
efficient than scattered capital;-hence
trusts wiU'contlnue'to form'and democracy to' spread, , ( .
If the present ijulubrrinl and commercial, methods are pursued, the economic-power-of trustlflel, capital miJHt,
eventually meet face lo-face in a titanic conflict with the democratic power
of tlie dispossessed, ' ;
, T.'pon this hypothesis the direct uc-^
tlonlsts  proceed,  nssumlng that  the
climax is here''andtthe"-.-.catsfclysm^is
taking place: 'A77A^fy^ " -"'f^f
The'fact is, the cilm"ax*has not.Vrf.
rived, and the' cataclysm^is "riot jires~-
ent and will neYeridevelop. .„x ...'.'
- Democracy, beln^-aiprbduct' of.in-
dustrial ovoluUbnr^will^pf^necessity
keep pace with 'it,';and,'btfforcM,p'n-
ward by \t 'Jl\ '7A.77'xA^"'
Already woman \suffrage and;dlrect
legislation have' beYoihe/powerfulV issues, not only of-the' dispossessed[but,
also of the middle- class!, - They" are,
becoming issues "because., we1.-see • in
them a me&ns of defense.-against ihe
very economic powei^that :is^forcirig
the issues 'upon, u's,:,' ^*. X^£'■**! \, i' -
.-., It is by means" of tfiese^democratlo,
methods that ^our"forces -are being
mobilized. By their; use'"we are?dis-
covering our. more general, mutual1 iu-'
terests and-are learning'how, to,act in
unison regarding' -„them. ,>; Ability to
act in unison leads,,to theVdiscovery,
and adoption-of Such'industrial methods as are productive of, the" greatest
benefit. Having discovered "the most
beneficial methods' we" cling' to • them
with all .the' tenacity of life, and thus
the" mobilization of-democratic forces
takes place.-     .'   .    -
By direct legislation, we-can'force
Issues to public attention;' .take over
or establish' Industries; ^divert funds
from -the" trust .to ithe .public treasury,
and thus turn to our benefit the forces
that havebeeri devouring us. Around
and'by-means, of .these benefits will
-the "apparently nebulous, ^democratic'
force rally,' organize and grow.' By this
normaiNprocess we" eliminate the elements of "a cataclysm and set "in motion the elements of evolution; we get
behind the guns and at. the same time
avoid the-necessity of "using them; we
marshal our democratic forces around;
^permanent advantages - and our mobilization'becomes as permanent as aro
the advantages gained—and" the capitalist class bows in. respect and obedience to this-power.
Who ever heard o'f a water company
using'the. police force to resist-the"
citizens  while" in  the act  of voting
bonds; with-which to take- the (water
plant?     v   ,'• '
."But tho courts resist."*"''- -■ ■ ^    •
• Then let'lis recall the judges, arid
electbetter'oncs. ' How far is it from
.the water plant to the"woolen mill?-
- "But the'■people  will not-vo^e to'
take the woolen mill."   „ ,
M'f'that be true,'they will not'take
tf by any other means.   ,        -,. - - ,-
,. "But the law -forbids public management'of such Industries."^    ..-•XA-   ■
.Then, let us-initiate-and. pass?, new
laws.-.'    ," .    " ,.       '.-',,.
•TV'But they' will use .the army to prevent, such action:"   "-- . vc->-   •'  ',.   -
funds' "f romfifs',- ■'. We: organise'-- dc?moc:
racy-by'diverting-funds from' thfim?,„
■.-We^are strong "ia- peace. 'They are
strong in-war, .;-;r/v:.-'r1'-;-".-l ~" :
"-, fhe-'plutocrats^-never..fight; They
hire thefwo'rkera'tb'fighC": The work;
ersvwill\q'uit"fighting" whenever It'be-"
comes more profitable to live iiupeaci,
' * Let'not'(democracy' be pitted against
the - shot.', and  shell of; a.pluto'cYatic
■.7-":^ *j,-'^   - *.--'    --■*•' ' *•*?*■ *-  *. ."i*.     '   - ' i'-N.*'-"?*5*'-v: "i
'th'o "prdces'ses;*'6figrb'vv'th";are - ch^cked's?*^? Ay
and - sometimes; even'stopped and de-',%wi~V'.
cay sets; in~ during the. period:'of war-r/V"--".^. "f]!
fare."   ' . '"->""'. v-v- £*>. 7 AX rA^Avysy i' fl
By „w cooperation -:arid ""direct- rlegisla
tion'the^producers^ill.-yet learn J\ow
to"turn the'fruits,of\thelr-own'labor-XI "• -X'-
.from'Vthe -coffers'-pt;tHe.rich'> to" the"', '■' A'Jj.-
common" or' public .'treasury,':? Around
aster,' andvtake .shelter. ,lin' tiie-1 irresis1
tible and abiding evolutipnaryprocess'-4-
0s7 '"• -■*-.'; 'A '-'•: ,'"- y ■ - ■■> ■-.--->-''.
v' Do ,we conserve bur-forces, the lives
of our people, by warfare? -,', "V-/t;
, "Democracy and altruism' are tlie'essential!-products of "the .labor movement; democracy, because the-power
of" elfCk Individual Is .-limited-, td" him;
self; .altruism,-because the1.efficiency
and-hence' the advantage .of,; e'acli:,- is
increased, by' combining'witir-his - fol-
Jows/   " \ -./■;' ■ %"' -x  "\   ,'-~ \''"-
' Individualism arid militarism are the
essential products of capitalism';* iridi-
vidualfsm; because the power of the
capitalist is co-extensive with his capital; militarism, because the efficiency
of the army is co-extensive with the
military fund." ''.';, '-'■ V,.!'.'
Our task is to 'prevent the a'ccumu-'
lation'of this fund, in private., hands.:
This. *und grows 'by. the" assimilation
of the .products .of the '.working- class.
. Individuals and -", classes 'y grow -' by
nourishment'; and' - not -by warfare;
Sometimes warfare- becomes- necessa-"
function as;'natu'nillyran^.aWefficieiitlyj.tr<';'"T-'i
as do<38.«ipital n'bw;gfow..and..function ; 'yxAA T~ U
Vporiit'he^aam'e-food.BIt}$*}& the:exVc: - Xy '. \i
ercise.-of 'democratic«' privileges- alone - AyX.y
that- democracy'.cari^Jlearni to "'conserve.?' -V-" -* '
its power-and to-organize amVmqbll-;-.. ;. ■....
.Ize-'irito' anv abiding and?growing"clvi-^--,'.': yX\
\izatidri: ^Byrsucha>'prpcess^every-in^'.--^ y   -
dividual,'"having, adjusted;.'iilmselty to-   •.-"'; X
the new institutions; m'a'y;"hot pnl^rls&** >;,^.v
iritoa position'of abldljig comfort,'.but.'' ■"-"''"
may.bask in economic -Tand'' social -op: *"
pbrturiiyes . unknown '* ip ~ tho' fondest
dreams, of. plutocracy;' °'i'ho'elements.
of war will disappear from a democrat'
ic organism wliich'-develops\upon-the
foundation.bf mutual economic inter-',
ests.';But"such-an.organism must be „.
the* result^ of ^growth,- of evplutionary^,
processes, and not'of; a cataclVsmVr r<: ",;
, "A child -cannbt'-leap1 into "manhood j
nor a .movement' into maturity ' Move- {
merits,' like, iriari,- musiv grow.;    XpA-'X
- ■• v,
,i \    ,
'.' TheglrVwho has "a chronic casevdf .,,
the. 'ideal; is {apt tq"~develop. Into";'sl.'^
spinster,'   -"if/.'7 > ''s'Al:'. "vr'/rS
,*.,,'•                     i •
f      Tlio lendinf,' feiiturea of thu Dircutoi-.s' Hejiorffor 1012,'ns pniKoutod to..tlio Annual Aleotiny     -'- •• . /   -
of tlio Conijmny, hold in ■Montronl.'Mni'filHlh, 1913,  nro a« folloW :,       ."■.'y*..'   .'',''-
'•    "
ASSETS as nt 3lHt Docoralior, 1912	
fnurpiiKiy ovor 1911-. ;	
'   "     '                       ^ASU IN^'OAIK from PrpiiiimiiH   ln^r««t   Hhi1h.
* *4S),fl05,filG.49
in 1912      ■ f 2,333,081. fiO         -,
IiiuroiiHo over 1911  ,-.'....    •    1,77r>,74(>.08
PHOKITS PAH) lo polioyholdow onlilled lo partieU
pnlo in 1912           (591,97.1.84
ADDKI) TO SHAM'S during 1912 '.          01 l.OOS'.OO     '
TOTAIi SUKI'MIH 31hI, DocoiiiIht. 1912, ovor nil lia-        r>,331,081.82
liililics hnd cnpiliil, (nci-ordiiin to liii<.Coiiipiin,v'H
Stundiird, viz., for iihsiii'iiiiooh, tho Om. (5)..Tnblo,
wilh 31/0 nnd 3 por cont, inl.'iTst, nnd, for imiuii-
'   Uoh, Um H. O. Kclocl Annuity TiiIiIoh, with 3VI' 11L'''
c.onl. inloroNt.)
DKATII CLAIMS, Malurod KmlowmontR, Profits,
He, tlurinvr 1012.. /       -1,732.4(13.29
|              1»AYMKNTR lo policylioldoi-s Hinco^rBuiiixntinn....     31.•102,731.00
NKW MMNKHH (pnid for iu uitHh) during 1912....     30,81.1,409,0-1
Innri'iiHO nvov  lllll                   1 1177 ftf?«.4R
t           -
ASHUHANCKH IN !■'()»(!K Mut DouoiiiIipp, 1912'..,,    1S2.732.420.00
I It
1 i '*'
Tho SUN LIFE OP CANADA now w'uiipiiw lli« pivmiiT position iiiiiouk   Cnniuliun   Lifo A8«uranco
"                n                                                                  ■                                   '                                        '■
*   S,
Outside of Coinpnnii'H iwHiiinir indiiHtrinl policies, the  SUN LIFE OF CANADA   now doow ft
InrRiM' now 1 iln iiHsiii'iinn' liiminoHK tlinn any othor fonipiiny inonrporntod in Uio HritiHh Kmpirn,
The Company's Growth
V   ....           1              t,,      , , ,               '                   I .    it.
Life AfiHiirauoo
in l'\)rco
i   i
♦  **>-!.-.                                                                              9 k-i-^^ %*%
' 4          \
]            *
'   y. i ,'■
... ,^t... ...,„.-—...
Iq.Ia* ...
*       48,210,93
$      90,401.9;")
13,480,272.88 ■
ESTATE   «■•   M»   rVMO 1 WLn       INSURANCE
rm.                i: "■-"'                   "                               • ,                 -   * '!* " ''**•" 3«
\0^\"iXi -  '
If; i&iiiBiafe^s^^ *"""""'
aawmtataaamataw -w*^ •
"^Tlion will tlieyTnot ussTho'arniy to
prevent tho direct actionist from seizing the. pill contrary to-law? Inthe
former case'we wilb.bo.ln power anil
thoiarmy will be otir's; in the latter
case ;the" re verse is true.    -   - '    ''•,"".
"Then you would do away with the
strike and the boycott? They are direct .action."      , ..--■'
No, they nre not direct action within
tho proper mtfmlng of that term. The
strike ancl tho boycott were employed'
long before the term "direct action"
was coined, The workers proposd to
better their conditions ln the factory
by the strike and the'boycott, nnd at
tho same time to build up thoir power
by'political action; the direct actionists propoao sabotase nnd tho taking'
possession of tho factory by.forco. ;
"Do'wo propose to bond and buy ancl
pny Interest?"    -'
Well, wo havo usury,inws. * It Is unlawful in some states to chnrgo moro
than six,'por cont por nnhum> May,
tlio' maximum rate not bo reducod to
four por cent or throo por cont or-to
two por cont? no you' not soo whoro
this Ioiuls? Doing Jnjiowor, cnn wd
not also employ .tho Income tax? Do
I lioaa' you ' sny "uiicon-atitutlonal?"
Then amend tho constitution, or tnko
from tlio courts tlio power, of annulling laws, or recall the old judges and
Gleet now onos, Will not this load tort liavon of poaoo rathor than a cataclysm dronchod In blood?
■ Impatlonoo brings nothing. Wo caiK
not • movo faster than our power to
niovn develops; and tlio organization
und offlcloncy of our power will clovol-
op no fnotor than porcolvod pnmlbla
adviuituRcti cnn bo niiiilo to acoruu,
_ Patience Brlnge Power
Though tonipornry, Hiiporflclnl, and
conflicting IntoruMtu miiko difficult tho
tnnlc of orgiuiliilng nnd mobilizing thlii
over '.InoroiiBlns nnd Honiowhat nobii-
Iouh domocrntlc foroo, yot wo tmuit
not- forgot that llils tnek mimt bo no-
conipllBhod or also democracy will fall
and plutocracy will remain on" tho
throno. llowovor groat tlio potentialities of domocrnpy, ydt wlillo tlid pro-
illicnvw roinnln lii rllvldm! rnmpii thoy
oxorf thoir'powiir, for tlio mont part,
ngnlnst ono another and aro onnlly
defeated by tho common onuiny. A
Hniall power well mohlll/nd nnd dlrnc*t>
ail Ib moro efficient than n lnrgor, dispersed powor.
■ rinnltnl rimhon tn tho rtnfonon nt «]\
favorahlo Intorost. ront nml profit lnw«
as naturally us a flowor blooms, for It
In by thoeo mothotlB thnt It Ih fad and
nourished ami by which It lms grown
into tho vorltablo monster thnt It now
Interest, ront arnd profit oro tho ave-
tiueB through which human onorgy, In
different forma, poiirs In a constant
-stream through tho various Industrial
And commercial ottabllihmenta Into
Iho coffers of capital. The strength
of those from whom tt flow a la diminished by ths process, while the powor
of capital Is luuUIplhtU, ThU ovoMn-
creasing fund constitutes tb« great
roservolr upon which the caplUUsts
<lmw for mllllary support. -
Take warning, Direct Actionlst,
PJutomeyi troatost power and ad-
vantagu ftr.frC the Utiftot. Domacracjf's
greatest powor and adranug* It In
tho bstlot t
Ariglo Canatflian: Sayiii|s| and
Trust Company Limit^i?Mys
Charter d^Crow's Nesft^JPass
oS Trust Company Limited
" " Negotiations towards the coiisuminalion "of,"this ^1'"'
'deal .were1 brought to a supccssful;end on' Monday,f A
JIareh 3rd. .   .   'AA.A.t,     '.,   '   ••;„"';',-' *: ■ .
.*- '• '      'XX   •?".'.'•;" ■" -s,^\"'.,   "'■<^-j  -* - "■
A*" ' Shareholders, iir'the-.diws-Nest!, Pass Trust1--:''
- .,'*-':
'.',   , ,. 7,,.. The Anglo Canadian.,Savings'aiicUTrustX'o.,y'.,,.* A -
T"it"d.,";-whic;h is an older company, than'.-the* Crows -'• *•". '^
■*■ '-'-Nest,"will iinmcdiiilbly-opcirbffifes hiHho' Eckstein - -,'  ;. ",
'- building- here", at Cranbrook" and later at. Colemflii.-. .'';-' -.
'..'   Alberta. '• :"     .'        -A"'--      ''TiY-' "*J '* \* *.1 ^"-
''■■,'"---• ,• '•■'•; ..-',.   '■■/'.'•.:-.'..v.O*"'^" 5-.'
3^ WILEIAfflS^Man^te^ ■.'
:"'1; T/?EACOCK;;:;Sec'yrTpea^^ ;.,■
.   -V
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for Academic Bxanv';mtipn ■'
'at.reasonable terms - ^   -- -.ax/-.   -
Miss M. H» Willia.«ns,; I<. A. B.
FS«iCMaSCf t»t C*
blairmore:, alta.
-■      Omii'of W>. WHUaniK     •
Thomson &. Morrison
Funeral Directors Fer hie, B*
Local Agents
,   Orders taken throughout the Ptaes    '
The Cdlmplete House Furnishers '
of the Pass        ';,,
Hardware 'Furniture
Wo will ftirniph your house from cellar pa garret
* arid at bottofrTprlcos; "Call, Write, F»hon6 or
Wire.    A1I„ orders given   prompt attention.
Coleman,;      -       Alta.
If you aro satfsfled toll otlier*.   T f not Datisfied tell xw. ___***_
h-.^ffiSVt^'V^ '' ^X;T-'^B^ DISTRICTv^QBB,:^FEBNn!,TB: O., MABCH 15,1913;';,
S "
■, ,.*-■> ?~.«^.r .*-.
:•.,-■-«'   «..'-
The finest in the world
:';plhe; grocer; may ifbrget the .kind;you are accustonieclt to.
,g;rl;coal heavers.
'At Japanese Port'Great Mall'Steamers
*9. ■)'*   Are Coaled By". Girls.
-, -' Imagine a-great mall steamej\"bunk-
eririg,','2i30(^ tons—that "is a' lot— of
i ■ coal in six and one-half hours,, the
.' work .being accomplished, not;by labor'
^' saving machinery, but by'girls! It
-'-sounds Incredible; but It.is a fact and
/ one that may be witnessed almost any
A' day ;at the. Japanese "port!, Nagasaki,
.- /where the^coaling Is done entirely by
girls. When, a! ship approaches to
•^ have her, bunkers'filled,"big coal barg-*
', ,es beardown'u'pon her, and as'soon as
v*she conies to "anchor, the crews place
'-i.a rough;ladder between the" liner and
■_ the .foremost barge.   On each rung of
-    lt.a' girl takes her place.* Men on the
- barge a quickly "shovel' the "coaly Into
.">■ shallow, baskets holding half a^bushel
each, to'-. the" sound .of a monotonous
chant, vand "these"baskets then- pass
,-   from hand'to hand"up the,living lad
der. '_with, marveloua- celerity,,- Each
girl seizes one and* swings it -straight"
up;in front "of-her, above her head,
when It is,caught b$ the next girl.'
Down a.second ladder,' likewise packed with' girls, the empty baskets pass
In similar'manner back into tho barge
to be refilled. Barge "after barge is
emptied in this way. The "monotonous chanting never ceases; the living elevator goes,on hour after hour'
with Its never ending stream^ of baskets, until the last bunker Is full,
when-the ladders • disappear, as if ■ by
magic and the ship, is ready to-proceed on her voyage."- - " ' - "
- As" has heen ■' mentioned, a large
steamer will,coal 2,300 tons' in six and
one-half hours, or 353 tons per hour,'
which works out at nearly six tons
per minute. ." ■   ', -   -
, There, are affiliated tb the American
Federation of Labor 115 International
Trade Unions with their 27,000 locals;
39 State federations; and 632 city central bodies.' ■.' -> *' -
Electric 0^mg in
y a Constant Supervision . Necessary
-Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  	
< .       S9     ..-.''•'       \ >
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO    J "r      .    ,--
6,O0Oj6oO^'-'Capital Paid Up '....'"•     6,460,000-
6,460,000 . .Total Assets ......;. \ 72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President    ,S HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.'
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,,Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie,"Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.   ■
. '   .     i  , SAVINGS DEPARTMENT,   X; X
A Interest allowed, on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
..FERNIE BRANCH .'        J GEO. I.*B. BELL, Manager
;v,.-..:_.:_ JOINT ACCOUNTS V \
' Joints Accounts opened in the name of two" or more persons, each
"'having the. privilege of making withdrawals or-deposits-over'their
'.own signature—a'most convenient arrangement between members of
a'1 family, or-between"partners in aii uncorpbrated business. " •
.Toronto 23rd January, 1913.       ' ,.''."   General Manager.
Head •'I    .    ^/^O/^TVT'T'/S " Branches and connections
Office. ■*■ UKU1N  1 U    ^       throughout Canada
;'.   *•" ' J. P. MACDONALD, Mimager, FER^IE,:;B:c; * ''
v '       .        •'    °    ' - 	
'".     ,   SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President .
General Manager Assistant Genernl Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Tho Canadian Bank of Commerce, by renBon of Its large number of branches In
every Province of Canada, with direct representation in London, Eng., New York,
8sn Francisco, Soattle, Portland, Ore,, Mexico and St. John's Nfla., with Agents and
Correspondents in everv part of tho world, in able to offor unsurpassed facilities to the
travelling public, enabling them to obtain money in the simplest way at any point on
their journoy-the world over. .The Travellers' Choques and Letters of Crodit issued
by this Bank overcome the annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
in placts whoro Identification is difficult, -
,  CI equos and Drafts on all the countries of ths world, drawn in sterling, francB,
maiks, lire, kronen, etc., can be caihsd or purchased at reasonable rates. g.0
L. A, 8, DACK,  Manager. FERNIE BRANCH
.■yit is well known that all, electric
firing--In .mines carries a certain potential danger if it carries current at
apressure in excess of a few volts. Up
to about 200 volts the danger Is limited
to, fires;,due to the ignition of'gas'or
dust;'setting fire'to the coal, timber
or other combustible material.   Above
20u volts,' and in rare eases below,
there is danger to life, due to accidental "contact as well as the fire hazard.'   If the potential of the current la
such asto only produce a severe shock
it-may result iri the victim falling in
the way of moving cars or machinery,
with disastrous results.     There1 has
heen more or less agitation for legislation that would 'place limitations on
the use of electricity- under ground,
and in some States legislation1 has already, beon enacted that limits tho voltage and places the limit so low as to
work a hardship in many cases.'
.The tendency today is toward safer
wiring,'aB-the fact becomes,more and
more apparent that mining companies
can hot affordto assume unnecessary.
hazardB. - Money' spent in safe-guard-
,ing employees and reducing the probability of-fires due to careless wiring Is
a good  investment.  ■ If mines were
properly wired there would be no occasion fpr the enactment of laws placing limitations on the use of electricity''underground; but! so long as there
are accidents due-to the use of electricity it is only natural to expect that
regulations will be Imposed.
^ Electricity is being used more extensively-each "year in the production
of-coal, because of Its econmlcal transmission and .ease of-application.- In
turn, greater danger is Introduced because of larger operations, which call
for more comprehensive systems, deeper "mines and the increased possibility
of Igniting gas.   In many cases thinner" seam-si are being worked, which
places wires ln nearer proximity to
the workmen. -  ^      '
When any material increase of power is installed the entire system should
bei revised' to.properly handle the .increased: output, and proper protection
should be given all'underground "cir-
pilt + C! Tf _4a_ii-nnj-t»tf*Qni._J-liA*._ nU_nlt.rt.,U«-
vuivM»—«- Ao-^lii^Ox i*.d.j*i.-iiiai,-a.ii GiiCuHo-
be cf sufficient cross-section, and "the
resistance low" enough so that the "circuit breaker or-other protection devices will be operative in case of au
overload or short-circuit on any" part
of the system. This can ".be accomplished by splitting the circuits on the
switchboard in the" power house and
using separate protection devices for
each circuit. In the1 Interest of economy of transmission it is sometimes
advisable to carry a large feeder to a
centre of distribution inside tlie mino,
and to supply tlie proper protection
at that point.
* Underground wiring, whether feeders, trolley, machine or light wiring,
should he thoroughly protected at all
points where there is a possibility nf
men coming In contact, with them. It
js not sufficient to protect crossings,
cu authorized -tiavellng ways; thn
pete-guarding should be extended to
places where It is at all likely that, employees ".might com«i in contact with
the wires. . Neither is it sufficient
that on'y the trollny and feed lines be
protected; exactly tiie same precaution- should extend to ■ machine and
light wiring as they'cm ry the same
potential- danger so „ far as Injuries
due to.shYjk from accHwtM contact
cie couce -hod, /'
The possibility of the current igniting gas is great in mines where' gas is
generated unless the wiri.ig is maintained in proper condition?' The.danger of igniting coal, timber,, etc., is
present in all mines where electricity
is used, and the degree of lursard is
dependent'entirely upon-the character'
of wiring and protection given it.
Not only must the wire be put in
proper shape—it must be so maintained! In order to secure proper maintenance it is essential that a system
of -, inspection by competent men be
maintained of all wiring, and rcporf.s
made .covering all details.
■The application of electrical equipment to mines has been undergoing
an evolution ever since the first installation, and what was considered
good practice - last year may he obso-,
lete this year;"it Is something that
requires constant-supervision, and will
continue to do so "until such a time as
thorough-standard! zatioir"takes-plac6r
What Hai>j>ens When Shot-Firers
are Performing Their Work
Lumber for all
hpro nt any timo nnd In nny
quanlty, You cniinot swamp
ub with n largo ardor, or give
us bo small n'ouu that wo will
not nttoml to It.
for any kind of building you
may bo at work tiron, Havo
us send you what you want
whon you want It.   ..
In one of the magazines Joseph Husband is publishing a continued story
in which Is portrayed the life and
dally experiences of a ,coal miner
From late chapters of this story, entitled "A* Year in a Coal Mino," we
purloin tho following comment and
Death comes froquontly to coal miners, from a "blown-out-shot."' When
tho blast Is Inserted in the drill hole
cartridges are packed ln for tamping,
If thoBe aro proporly made and tamped
tho force of tho explosion will tour
down the coal proporly; hut If the mnn
hns beon caroloss in his work the
tumps will blow out Hko a shot from
a gun-harrol, and. Igniting such gas or
coal dust as mny ho pro'sont, kill or
hndly hum thc shot-fircr. The proper
tamping Is wot clny, but It is ImpoBBl-
bio'to convince men of It, and nine
out of ton will tnmp their holes with
coal <liiBt—-Itself a dangerous* oxplo-
filvo—sooopod up from tho atria of Cfio
truck. Again, powder cans nro Bomo-
times opened In a manner which Rooms
nlmoflt tlio not of an Insano man. Rnth-
or than take tho troublo lo unscrow
tbo cap In tho bond of tho can nnd
pour out -Ilia powdor through its natural oponlng, tho minor will drlvo his
pick through tlio heiul of tlio can and
pour tlio powdor from tho Jagged
miunro holo ho hns punehnd; theso
nro hut two of tlio ninny voluntnry
diingorfl wliich n llttlo cure on tho
pnrt of tho mon thoniBoIvoB would obviate, ♦ ♦ « •
HohIiIo, tlio track, lu n black niche
cut In tlio wnll ot conl, two mon wore
working, Twenty foot from them
their lighted ,plt lamps flnroil. Hound
blnek ennp of,powdor woro tumbled
tngntlmr In tho back of tho alcove; a
pile of empty paper tubnn and grnnt
spoolh of thick, whlto fuse Iny beside
thorn. Wm snt down'on tho odgo of
tho track nt n »nfe distance from lliu
open powder, nnd wntchod thorn nH
For-a minute we silently waited. Then,
from the far end of the-tunnel, muff-'
led and booming like the breaking, of
a ,great wave in some vast cave, came
a, singing roar, and the black end of
the tunnel flamed suddenly a "solid
square - of crimson flames, like, the
window of a burning house, and a
ro'ar of flying air drove past-us,-putting out our lights and throwing us
hack' against the rails. '    \
-.''It's a windy one!"   yelled Wild;
"look out for tbe rib shots!"
Like a final curtain in a darkened
theater, a slow pall or heavy-smoke
sank down from the roof, and" as it
touched the floor a second burst-of
flame tore it suddenly upward, and .far
down the entry, the trappers' door
banged noisily in the darkness. - Then
we crept.back slowly, breathing hard
in an air,, thick with dust and laden
with the' smell of burnt black powder,'
to the end of the tunnel, • where the
whole face had been torn loose, and
a-great pile of broken coal lay against
the end, of the entry. -,    '
Often bits of paper' from the cartridges lighted by the paper, will'start
a fire In the piles of coal dust left 'by
the machine men, and before the
shootors leave a room that has been
blasted an examination must be made
In order to prevent the possibility of
fire. ' ;
All night long we moved from one
entry to another, blasting down in
each six feet more of the tunnel, which
"would be loaded out on the following
Grand Union Hotel
■'"/ COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G* A. CLAlh j'.y ':-: Proprietor
Hardware & Furniture
Mail Orders Promptly Attended to
they blew open the long white tubes,
and, with a battered funnel, poured
In1 the coarse grains of powder until
the smooth round cartridge was filled,
a yard or toyo of white-'fuse hanging
from its end.
A few minutes later, as wo nenred
the heading; a sudden singing "boom"
came down strongly against the nlr
current and bent back the flames ln
our pit lampB. Far off in the blackness ahead a point of light marked
the direction of the tunnel; another
appoarod. Suddonly froni the thick
sllonce came the shrill whine of tho
air drills. A couple of lamps, like
yellow tongues of flame,, shono dimly
In tho hoad of tho tunnel, nnd tlio air
grow thick with a cloud of fine coal
dust., Then below tho bobbing lights
appeared tho bodies of two mon stripped to tho waist, thn black coining of
dust that covered thorn moist with
gloaming streaks of sweat.
Slowly tho two men pulled the long
Bcrowblndo from tlio bhiclr breast of
tho coal, tho air hoso writhing like a
wounded stinko nbout Iholr ankloH.
The driller who lind spokon wipod his
sweaty fnen with his hands, his oyes
blinking with tho (Inst, No picked
up his gronsy eont from beside tlio
track nnd wrapped It ■around his wet
'Tiook out for the nan!" ho slioutod,
"There's a hit horo, up high,"
Iio rnlHPd his lamp nlowly to tlio
.Ingffoil roof, A quick bluo fliuiio suddenly nxpanilod from the Inmp nnd
puffid down at, him nH Iin took nwny
bis hand.
In the bnek nml nf tlio tiinnol bIx
smnll holes, on eh nn Inch nnd n linlf
In dlnmiiter nnd six font dnop, Invlnl-
bin In tho dnrknnsH nnd ngaltiHt tlio
hhiPlcnpsH of thp oonl, marked where
the hlnstB worn to bn plnend. On tlm
lovol floor Htrntcliod from ono wall of
Uio entry to tho otlmr, thn undercut
bud liunn Rrnund out bv Iho mnrhlno
mon during llw nflnrtinon, nnd nn Boon
iih tho hlnntH worn In and thn fimos
1th,|,(«r^    fl,n    mi'l,]..,    .„„„„,,1,     ,.f    ll,,..
chnrtroB wnnlfl tpnr dn'vn n ooUrt hWk
nf rnal hIx foot doop hy Mm holRht
and depth of tho entry, to fnll crushed
and broken Into the Hump cut rnndy
for tho londarfl on tlio following morn-
Selecting and examining ouch cartridge, tho Bhooterfl charged tho drill
IioIcb. Two cnrlrldKon of hlnck powder, tnnippd with a long coppnr headed rod: then dtimmlfiB of day for
wndu, leaving hanging from onch
cbnrRod drill holo n yard ot white fuse.
We tramppd down tho tunnel and
nquntto'l on tbo trick fifty ynrdw nwny,
Down nt tho end of tho tunnel we had
Jiut flpuprtpd bobbed the tiny flume**
of tho lltcht In the thootera' pit capi.
There wo« n faint glow of «park«.
"Comin*!" thny yallnd through the
A«rkn««», nnd wo h#»rd them mnnlng
»■ we «aw thoir light! grow larger.
Exports of British coal in 1912 amounted to 64,445,004 long tons valued
at $197,066,942*- ys against" 64,599,266
long' tons valued af $177,729,777 in
1911. In addition to these exports the
coal shipped 'for use of. steamers engaged in foreign' trade amounted to
18,291,370 long tons in.1912 and 19,-
264,189 long tons in 1911. Aside from
this coal for bunkering, exports were
divided as follows in 1912:
Anthracite, 2,547,712 tons; steam,
46,539,983, tons, gas, 10,559,845 tons;
household,' 1,639,571 tons; other, 3,-
157,893 tons. Coke to the amount of
1,026,021 long tons was • exported in
1912 as compared with 1,059,876 stons
in 1911, and exports of manufactured
fuel totaled 1,565,432 tons in 1912 and
1,612,741 tons In 1911.
Coal imported into the United
States from Great Britain in 1912 amounted to 5,382 long tons as compared ,
with 6,946 long tons in 1911.
" British coal was exported to" 28 different countries. France led all others ein quantity  with' 10,190,94.8 long
-*" — —*- J—■™,V""*"""u"M«Wl-lU~»f lt.li~•/} L!3U,-&VO~
long'tons; Germany third with 8,394,-
864 long tons. Then-came,Russia, 4,-
441,523 'long tons; Sweden, 4,115,551
long tons; Spain and the Canary Islands, 3,441,523 tons; Argentina, 3,-
365,699 tons; Egypt, 2,925,825 tons;
Denmark, 2,780,957 tons; Norway, '.'-,-
201,305 tons; Netherlands, 2,096.494
tons; Brazil 1,625,780 tons; Belgium,
1,546,768 tons; Algiers, 1,054,786 tons:
Portugal; the Azores and Madeira, 125,-
417 tons,
In view of prospecting for foreign
trade by American producers as a sequel to tho opening of the Panama
canal It is perhaps Interesting to
learn how much conl South American
countries bought from Groat Britain
In 1912. The quantities, as officially
reported, sent to those countries woro:
Argentina, 3,365,609 long tons; Brazil,
1,025,780 tons; Chile, '522,589 tons.
Urnguny, 870,313 tons.' It should bo
romemborod that Gormany and Bel-
glum also export considerable quantities of fuel to those countrlPB. but
mostly In the form of briquets.
In this connection It Is pertinent lo
glvo tlio figures of exports for the calendar year 1912 from the United
Statos, which wero: Of anthracite 3,-
088,789 not tons; bituminous, 14,450,-
078 not tons. This is exsluslvo of thn
quantity of conl put, aboard vohboIs
engaged In foreign trado for bunker
UBO, which amounted to 7,310,100 tons,
Tho total value of all conl sent nbrond
wiih $70,8'IB,4!)4. In addition thoro
woro exported 811,800 toiui of coko,
valued nt $3,002,712,
All Imports nf conl wore of Iho hi-
titmliioiiH grndn, nnd ninoiintpil In 1,.
608,350 not tonfi, viilurd nt $1,500,030;
mul of coko 110,317 tons, valued nl,
$188,001; ho Hint thn vnlun of nxpoilM
hIiowh n tidy Incrciisii In viiIiiph ovor
I in ports,
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE   ' "      . . Alberta
€     I
On a Five Acre Farm $
That's Where You Really Live
British Columbia needs men with .ambition,
energy, and backbone today. Men who have, grit
in their make-up; men who have faith, in themselves.
Are you such a man ?
Are you willing .to work—for yourself?
Are you willing to make-money—for yourself'/
Do you want to be healthy, happy, carefree?    ; -----
, Right,at your dour in the Creston District'are
fertile soil on this continent.'    "Where crops arc
BIG-,'where demand is steady, wlicre markets are
handy, and where success is sure.
These farms are waiting for men—the right
kind of men. ,Men who will work and make good,
as dozens have done before them. ■"
You can do as well as these men. Even without practical experience you can start saving from
$1500 to $2000 after your first year.
Write us for more particulars, it is. to your
interest ahd ours and you arc under no obligation
to purchase.
Wc arc not philanthropists, neither are we
hogs, and are willing to share a good thing.
E. Ross Mackenzie
Sales Agent for the Owners
P.O. Box 51!) — Phono 8fi
Fernie, British Columbia
Warrant litued for Amit of Bledler
—Re«ponalble for Mlner'i Death
COnAIVT, Out. Mar. 12.-A warrant
wiih iHHiicil for I iin nrrcHt of K. \V\ He-
Idler, mnniiKnr of tho Cnnnrtlnn (lohi
nnd Silver MIi-Iiir compniiy, on n
chnrKO nf rrlmlnnl nrRllK«neo, Tho
plini'Rn wiih Inirl In rnnnertlon  with
tho dentil of '"lionuiK Ainlrown, i min-
f..  .. i.. •,,          	
ml iin, which
mrnt of Mr.
Tho wnrrnnt wns aworn out nn tho
romilt of tho verdict1 broustht In nt tho
oiul of tlio Inqnont horo, whon It wiih
UTI'lTllmrOlnlV      (lnnMoil      »V.n(*      ^n.Wn".
enme ta IiIh ilonth by the fnlllnir of n
croHH licnd In tho iihnft of tho Cnnn<
(linn flold nml Silver Mining company,
duo to criminal negligence on tho pari
of iho mnnnunment,
Why Don't You Take *^
A Good Spring Tonic \
You ii«oi| 11—livoryhody nooiln It—Wo all ncod u Sprliii? hlond
t'loiumcr, norvo tonic nml hrnnir. U'lion you kdI ui» In tlu* morning,
tlrod, Inssy—itt tlio lircnkfiiHt tuhlo no niipotlto for fond -nt your dully
work no iimliltion or ability—nothing iiccoiiipIIhIhmI nil il.-iy bin ynwn '
nnd Htroioh—your HyHtcm iiw.Ih hrnolng, your norven m-cd nettling:
your oiiorgiiiH nood nicoiiHirtn'tlng. ],<*j uh hIjow ymi the Iiohi Spring
•onion for all ngim iuul undor nil coiidllluiiH, tlio lilnd thnt will cli'iinsc
your blood—rtmtoni yournppiitlii- brni'o you up—glvo yon iioniro nnd
nhlllty for worit, piny or nludy—u tn*ntm<>nt In nvory rowpi'iM iImt will
lt<Mip you woll nnd luippy nil Suihiiht,
,,......*,    ...     ...<       ,,n A.4  » - ,tt
wni MTiilnr tht. mnvnT
"Mr. OrimeB,' mild tlio rector to tho
Vflntrymnn on tho flundny morning he*
fora ChrlRtmaa, "thin morning we had
bettor tubo up tho collodion boforo the
"Indeed!" unawored Hit* vnalrymnn.
"Woll/' anawcrcd the rector. "I
nm going to pwmch on tho mit>Jf>rt of
economy."-Udlea' Home Journnl.
" Over McLenn's Drug Store
Our iiow-'HiillliigH nro horo. Hph'iidld wvnrora.
hnudiinnin IwcnilH nnd woraloila, llrop In nnd In-
Hpcct ihmn.
l.ntiHt .Vow York nnd Pnrts Rtylea
Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Udloa' l-'micy (liirmunt* n Specialty,   Kenthora,
Fura, OIov<>h, Lnflloa' or Mcn'u IlntH tlonnod or
tlyod and blocked, nny alylo,
Al it.uuonablo pvli.v».
Out-of-town work nttonded to promptly
Ledger Advs. Bring Results
MM warn
TTniiTTiiiinmiwiiiiiii.i_ .1 w
i ^ - j^_-,
,*-      ->.0«..^        *>-
- X^l-*'     ,^-j.-,,/ ^    * j- ft,
THE MSTBIOT I^DdiilR;; jppii, ,B. C., MARCH 15,1913.
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation   In  the  Pass.— *   -
Up-to-Date —  Every    Convenience.—.,
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAJM, Prop.
Capital Paid Up
Resei ve
.'otal Assetsi
&\ Over
B/^PsiK Of
Your Opportunity '
F a very promising proposition were submit-,,
tod to you tomorrow, one
that required a little capital,    would you be in a
position to  accept  it, or -
would  you  be  forced  to
step back and allow someone else to grasp your one *'
There   are1   few   opportunities for the man with
nothing,  but   at the door
of the man with a bank"
account    fortune    knocks   •
Start an account with
this bank. One dollar is '
enough. "Add to it regularly,- and -you will Boon
build up a substantial'
' balance.
Brewing GoM Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Cigar Store
• .,,**».
.    * * ,  F**' .    '
* ,
»- ■-?,#
• '■0&f!%
a*-.      fnlftriiWU^f   *
Wholosalo  iiud  Retail
i     ——■.   a	
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
>    Haz-i.wooci Buttcrmillc
P. V. WHELAN, Manager.
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold  Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par
ties.   Try our
Special Sunday-
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
General iSiriJee
Bar'supplied with   the   best Wines,
-   Liquors and Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay **Bk
By Robert* Hunter     ' -   "
(Courtesy of The' National Socialist)
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  In  such  a  display  of
We have tho best money
can buy of Beof, Pork, Mutton, Veal, > Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperaior Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Wolners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phono 66
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B, C.       Phone 34
Livery, Feed
A Flash 0f
«■■» *mmr
It1 )»<A ;k* Uhfl/ to ulrllu'
tlio hoiiBu of tho uninsured
nun ns thnt of his moro pm
- dont nelglibor. No building
Ik Irrtmuno,
Better Have
Us Insure
ynn and hnvo a llithfnlnjr
clause attached to tbo policy,
Then you needn't worry every
tlm* thoro li a thunderstorm.
•oie Agent for Fornlo
"When one does not want ..to play
upon words'," says Van' Koi, the veteran Socialist of .Holland, "the general strike is but ain anarchistic Ut'o-'
pia, an idea that spt'ings up in coun-
tries where the Socialist movement is
feeble or still in its infancy. It is a
dangerous fantasy of badly' organized
workers. For a . general econmic
strike demands, a powerful class organization, an immovable, solidarity,
an invincible discipline, and. with that
powerful trade' unions, commanding
large sums of money, as well as numerous resources of rich co-operative
societies. And the day when the proletariat, possesses all-these means of
combat, a general strike would.be
the worst of methods because it would,
possess other weapons which are more
efficacious, less dangerous to • the
working class and more to be feared
by the capitalist class. As long as the
bourgeoisie can dispose at will of- the
armed force—of the police, of justice
and of legislation—this anarchistic
dream will not be realized, and still
less will one ever succeed in replacing, by this means capitalistic production by the'Socialist regime, which
is a result of long social transformations, of an economic evolution more
or less hastened."
"Let us thenl repudiate," continues
Van Kol, with all our might the general strike, that harmful and murderous weapon for the working class,
condemned in advance to,defeat;'let
us repudiate this method of combat
which increases the misery of that
proletariat, decimates its forces aiid
afflicts it with powerlessness. -Let us
repudiate the general strike as well
when it has an economic end in warring against the capitalist class as
when it will have a political character
and will be a question of the conquest,
of the State. Let us cast far froni "us
this ill-fated idea which discloses all
Socialist Democratic ,- action and
stakes all on a throw of dice—all to
lose or all to gain—with the certainty,
of losing.    _■> r . .
"When the" day will at last dawn
when we shall have with us the 'ma-
ing a majority in the Parliament, and
in the government, when the working
class organizations shall form an invincible revolutionary phalanx , in
that day shall we know' how to conquer -without a single strike, which
becomes superfluous as soon1 as it is
possible. ,For as soon as' we shall,
have such a force, the working class
will reorganize the State and the
means of production, the hour of deliverance will have rung. But in
awaiting that lioui'7 which must come,
wo must not resort to a device which
is Bonorous but empty, which dates
from the earliest times of the working class movement and causes its efforts lo diverge from our old methods of warfare that havo withstood
tho test of fire. It ls our duty, to unmask' this anarchistic method," this ;11-
omened tragedy, and to warn the
working class against,this,dangerous
weapon that, Is harmful and power-
"I do not know if I may lie considered an authority on this subject,"
; says Vllgon,   also ot Holland,   "be-
I causo I lmvo boon n member of n coin-
Inilttoo which proclaimed nnd directed
I a general  strike.     In any event, I
shall ,put nsldo thlB peculiarity, forget
It ns much ns possible*.   In my opinion, bowovor, It Is nlrondy romarkiiblo
unough   tlmt  this  experience   transformed mo Into an adversary of, the
RfMiornl Btrllto-—I who wiih a partisan
of IL.     It Ib significant, furthnrmo'rn,
tlint iny opinion Is not dotormlnoil by
, tli'i   secondary   circumstances  which
mused tho loss of tho strlko In whlon
I played n part, lint It Ih hnnoil upon
'facta which npportnln directly; to thn
'general strike, Itflolf, .md which will
cotMciinnnlly   repent   thPinnolvoH   ln
'cvnry^gonornl etrllcn,
"Wlint In iho Koimrnl Htrlka?   How
iIooh It, lnf.lmltln.tn tlio nonilnnnt churn?
Thoy niiHwnr uh:     liy tho nrr«nt nf.
production,   When production ouuhuii,
nil xrirliil life ImrmnciH ImiiOHHlblo, No
nrtlolc  nf  food   Ih  pinned  npqn  thn
I rnnrknt,  navigation  nnd  communion-
JtloiiH by rnllrnnd nro Interrupted, fain-
Ine appears,   If It Ih In'Winter, thoro
j If. no moro fnol.   And bo on.
"Yen; but who will 'bo tho flrat to
jHiiffiM' from the fnnilno? Tho prole-
Itnrlnn, And who from the cold? Tho
' proletarian. Evidently 11 In Bocloty
inn n wholo''thatutriiKRloH In such n
| terrible crisis, Jltit ns In nil kinds ott
I i-nsuu h In lliu proictiu'i'.iii that mil
fers from the beginning and the mo.it
"Wo, saw thnt nt Amsterdam, In
'April of tho preceding your, Thn
dockers worn on mmo, mid Uie tram*-
portatlon of provisions by railroad
wnn completely paralysed. The'baknrs
woro imomployf^l. What followed?
Tho bourffcolB sent thoir servant to
buy provisions oven Into the working
rj.iin'niiiirf«rii, anil thn wlvon ot the
workera taw around them tho price*
of food ouppltos mount nlnrmingly.
Tlie rax fitter* were on itrlke. The
resosrve of tit* helr.it almost exhaust-
ed, provisions of petroleum and con-
din* were mad*, nut who was able to
make thete provltlona, and who, on
the   nthar   hand   rwnnlnM   without
"Here In what one mlxht lay a* a
reiuma;  If the general itrlke render!
life impossible for everybody, it menaces, first the proletarian. "Whatever
branch of production one may care to
look at/ if it immobilizes itself, it will
hurt the proletarian first of all. For
its own salvation, the proletarian will
be obliged to resume work."
"I consider the general strike," says
H.'M. Hyndmah, the;veteran English
Socialist, "as a remedy proposed by
men who have never reflected upon
the economic situation, andaipoh social conditions*."It is a kind'of sentimental attempt to hasten arbitrarily
the.development of humanity. And,
like all sentimental tendencies, this
one, also is in vain." "   '
"Organization and discipline," says
Harry Quelch, also of England, "are
indispensable to the/success of all
strikes, but a general strike.would
necessitate the most vast and the most
perfect organization, and the strictest
military discipline, if it-should succeed in a • serious struggle. , i
, "In a general strike," he continues,
"if a minority of workers persist in
remaining at work, that will suffice'to
paralyze,the whole movement. With
only a "minority, organized, - the danger is that it may be the majority
who may want to remain, at work.
That would be fatal, because It should
be necessary to the success of such an
enterprise that there be a complete
organization capable of making ■ work
cease completely on a given day,' with
whatever end in view, if that were
possible, and I doubt It! It would be
magnificent. .But when the workers
shall be suificiently organized, deter-,
mined and disciplined to make such a
declaration and to execute it in "that
manner,' there will be no need for a
general strike—they will be the masters of-the situation. That is why I
think-- that' although we should not
discard the general strike as a pos-.
Bible7weapon for tbe future', it is.very
probable tliat we shall never, have occasion ,to use'it."                "'
, "I am of the opihion," says Kisr
Hardie, "that a striire, even when it-
is prepared, may only constitute a last
resort, and;—I insist again 0upon - this
point—it can only be an auxiliary to
a political movement strongly' organized. The,failures in tlie'attempt'at
n_gpnpral_strn«> ^fnp_-Which ; Holland
and Belgium have .been the-theaters
ia the" last years, prove that the strika
is a weapon with two edges, a weapon
which is shortsighted,- and unskilled
hands can inflict serious wounds on
whoever uses it."
"I am persuaded," says Hueber,.tho
Austrian trade union leader, "that a
general strike of the'wor'cois in one
branch of industry is possible w'tli
the end in view of trying to obtain by
mpans of a most intense' struggle and
by the complete interruption of production, an amelioration in the conditions govorulns the dur.i'ion of wor1:
and salary.- But,'in order-to be suyo
qf'vibtory, il, is necessary that tlia,
trado union organization in-question
bo strongly centralized, that it should
unite CO por cent of the workers ,of
its branch ,of industry, and that Its
adherents should have taken care to
prepare i for themsolves in timo of
poaco a very rich treasury of war.
"To tho rpiostlon of knowing If tho
general strike Is good to bring about
the Bo'clal revolution and consequently
tlio Socialist roglmo of production, I
iinswor plainly with tho-negative. Tho
social 'revolution Is not a wnr cry, n
fnnhionnhlo byword; It Ib tho ultimate
njanifcfjtation of n'phrase of economic
development, n phrase toward tho
nchlovomont of which wo aro working
In tho breast oven of tho cnpttlniot
"Lot us create," ho continues,' "for.
all tlio trndoR, powerful contrnllznd
organizations, fit, to ovnrcomo nil oh-
niacins; lot us occupy nurnelvoB In
Joining tho trado unions to I lie ro-
nporatlvon: lnt \\t\ wo,' to begin with,
Hint tho co-oporatlvos romiltlug" from
tli la union aro nhlo to satisfy tlm dally
nppdH of our adherent!!, mid lot uh
Htrlvo, nt tho Bnmo timo, to' rally to
un tho DBBOclfitloiiH of rural producnrH*
Wo Hliitll thiiH hnvo facilitated thn pun-
Hiigo from Iho present rogl|no of ox-
oIiiiiihob to thnt which tlm future
protnlHOH ub. Lot uh ngltnln nt the
sumo time on tho political flold, Ilrltif-
ly, lot tm tnko poHHOHslon of nil tho
positions thnt offor thomHolvcn tin
iiMoful and nnroHBlblo, mid wo flhnll tn
MiIh wny hnvo got through a grnnt
donl of tho rovolutlonnry Socialist
work In nets and not in *vordH,"
, "Tho Hor.lnllHt congroHH, nHHomblnd
nt Donlrocht," «uyB Vandorvoldo, Uio
Ualglan, "Inst Kastor, voted, as wij
know, the following resolution:
'iho cuiiditlou iiccijRUiry to t(tu
BUCC088 of n strike in, maao l» tho
strong'orgnnlratlon, nnd tho-aevcro
illBclplIno of tho proloturlat. ll"
• "Tho nbHoliito gonornJ atrlho, In tho
tiiniM una tii. nn iijijioimea inonibin. ml
workerH nbnmTon work, li Imprnotl*
cable, bocmiRo It would rendor all ojc-
lAtenco ImpoRilblo, commencing with
that of tho proletariat. Thp emnQci
patlon of tho working *aiii! cannot
hft th«» outromn of thin "miiMnn rlnlnir
of all forces; hut It If poiilble that a
utrlkfl, nproftdlnir over n Inrge nnmhor
of IndimtrJoB, or over Industrie! par-
tlcularty Imporunt for the economic
life, may bo an extreme meani of ob.
talnlnK Important loclnl traniforma-
tlona or of defending ontttU acalnu
rwrtlonnry ttlttit'lr*."
"It la to analogue concluilom tbat
I aflrtvo, baaing npy vlewa principally
upon the experience! which we have
« To say that.the Studebaker "20" and "30" modelstare.the best medium-
priced cars in the world may sound like an extravagant statement, but we
mean every word of it.   We know it, is true. ; .'   ' -': ■  ;''
More than 100,000 Studebaker owners bear ;oufr; our'statements. So
universal an endorsement is an argument beyond question: When 100,000
people agree you can be absolutely sure.   > o.
The time has come when in^a Studebaker "20" or "30" a man can in-
ovest his money as confidently as he can in a government bond. .He is as
, sure of- satisfaction as he is in the purchase of a standard watch or other
well made machine.  You take no chance in buying a Studebaker.
The "30" is a big, roomy car of handsome appearance, fully equipped
and fitted with four-inch tires and electric lights. Now full nickel trimmed,
it has the appearance bf cars selling at double the price.   . v
The "20" is a. Canadian car whose design exemplifies the best autoimo?
bile practice the world over. In public performance and trials of all kinds
"three qualities of this car have been repeatedly demonstrated.   These are
Speed, Power, Hill Climbing and Reliability;,      c   „ r ' ,
- <
Studebaker   %^
Walkerville, Ont
>     9*
. Please tend me catalogue-    \
sho-wing your car*. ~       ^
Name  ■    -
Studebaker (E-M-F) "30"-$1375
Studebaker "20" Touring... *. J.. .$ 950
Studebaker "30" Touring.;.;..':.... r....-.', 1,375
- Studebaker "20" Delivery..............,.".., 1,000 •
"    ', ', PRICES ko.B.WALKBRVlLLE,.ONT.
\-  , >.v'   ) - ■  :b.'V.-'MOTT' V;
V  "' ~xy. Local Asent
■   \: -- FERNIE, . :;" ,»."'".^ JB. C,
-Vs?—' -*—=rr- e- '—;-—^^^~ *™^
-.♦: ' '    '" A-.x ix- A^-y    --.--■-'   ,   ■'   .
gone through in Belgium since the
constitution of the working class
'party. ■ '   . - .
"A general strike, in the exact sense
of the words," says Destrce, another
Belgian, "is the concerted suspension
of all work whatsoever. It is useless
to demonstrate that a strike of- this
kind is radically impossible. If such
a strike could even ■ speculatively be
conceived, It would be evidently useless, because the day" whon the proletariat would be powerful enough, enlightened enough, organized enough,
to realize such n strike, with u view
toward a determined end, it would
not no.ed to havo recourse' to this
roundnhout method, but would be
strong enough to accomplish directly
the object of Its will."
"Tho (juustlon Is," buj-b Ansoolo,
also of Belgium, "If Socialism should
nsplro to organize tho general Btrlke
in order to snatch from the caplUllat
roglmo (hat which It cannot $lyo uh
at this moment. Evidently no. We
do not want nny Utopian uanornl
strike: wo know whither wo aro golm*,
wo want to go thoro surely and stoically, v,*lth tho conHcloiiRiioss of tho
difficulties" which may arlBO on our
"In my'articles on Jho now party
progrnin of 1801 (Nouo Bolt,' 1880-
1891, No, .10, page 7571," Bays Kant-
Hky, of Oormiiiiy, "I polntod out the
jiOHfllblllty thnt 'undnr, corlnln condition fi whon u great decision hi to bo
niado, whon grout ovontH havo moved
tlio lnhor iiuihbcb to tliolr dopths, nn
cxtfliiHlwi ooHHiillon of labor may easily
lmvo grout political roHUltfi,'
"Naturally, I n'm not, ubIiik tho lilnn
or ii gounral strlko In tho huiibo that
the n na rcli I uts nud tho French trado
imlonlHtM iihii tho word, To Hioho hitter the pollllciil and especially tlio
pnrllanionliiry activity of tho proletariat. Ih to bo Htipplnntml hy tho Htrlko
nnd It Ib to hocomo n nioime to throw
tho HOPial order overboard,
"Tlmt Ih foolish. A gunornl Htrlko
In thn HonHo that nil tho labororK of
thn country nt n given sign bIiiiII Iny
down thoir lnhor proiiuppoBaii a unanimity nnd nn or/j-fliilmitlon of tho ln-
horora which l» scarcely poBslhlo in
oner nllalned, \vmiU\ U* ■:(,. Jjn-ililjl.Vr
thnt no general Htrlko would be n<v-
ORgnry. finch n ntrlkn would, how-
over, At ono etrnko ronder ImpoRnlhln
tho oxletenco, not, Blmply ;pf exlfltlni?
,,,»•>,-     I...I     .11       ,11 '        ,    ,.      i        r
...*.,..*),      »..•♦     M...      VX**^*.V.Hw,»,      9.....      I...J,.      U.
tho proletarians long boforo tlmt of
tho cnpltftllBtd and must consoqucntly
collapse UBfllCBflly nt just the moment
when IU rovolutlonnry virtuo hogan
to dovolop.
"Tlin dlrllrff tin n pnllHrnl weannn
will acnrcely over, certainly not in any
»lm« now vl»lhli», tniti* nn thn f-nrm of
a Btrllko for all the workorn of a country. It can ftlao not have the purpose of dlaplaclng the other menni of
poHticai itruggle, but only of wpple-
mendaf end »«fenjtth«nlnn thew. We
ere now entering upon * time -h*ri*
oppoted to tbo overwhelming power
of orfnnliod cnpltnl an Isolated non-
political itrlke will be Jnit aa hop*-
;ess,as ;s t;io isolated parliamentary
■action of the labor parties opposed to
the " pressure of " the capitallstlcally
dominated governmental powers;: It
wili bo even more necessary that both
should-grow-'and, draw new strength
from co-operation." ( •  , ■
"Toward- this abyss of a ..rovolutlonnry general strike," "says 'Jnures,
of Franco, "the proletariat is feeling
Itself more and more drawn, at the
risk not of niiniflg itself should It fall
over, but,of dragging down .with It
for years to como either the wealth
or tho security of the national '.life.
If tho proletarians take possession of
the mine and the factory, It will bo
a perfoctly fictitious ownership, Thoy
will bo embracing a corpse; for the
mines and factories wi|J.b'e no hotter
than dead bodies whilo economic circulation Is suspended and production
Ib stoppod, go long as a clans does
not own and govern tho whole social
machine,* it can roIzo a fow factories
and yards If It wants to, but it really
Pobbobbob nothing.    To hold In one's
Nothing i& more, exhaust*
ing than a persistent coufjh,
Old folks and very young folks
o ike, find a bad cough most
distressing. No need to co on
ouftaringl <
Peps will end tho worst
couch or cold. Peps contain
tl:c balsamic essences and
fumes of the, Pine tree, with
other medicinal Ingredients, so
prepared, that as soon as a Pep
is put into tho mouth itdissdlvcs
nnd these medicinal fumes
are liberated. They are then
breathed down tho throat, and
direct, lo the.lunga, •   .
OiitUM.tr CvHiyii luiliuiu* y,u in lit*,
flemiit-h, V,*y\ 'in in t*i(\ Ittnpn— ihctVn
t o(jrofit fiiiidnmonUildllfuroncebatWBiin
tho ollfiuluun «( furmi of trwUmont,
•iid tlie P«,n treatment. '
Moibcouffli mlKturni eonMln opium
and nUn-r prlioni.. Pop* don't. Hotter
tor children I
i*t*fitotbttubixiin******l atiintia,
hronobltli, catarrh, tightness aoross
thicliMt, eoM, er winter cough, will
yield to r*ns treatment
All dniuglHi end stores s»ll
Peps stSOo. box or you may ehtain
Sit free by Bonding price to Ftps
',, Dupont St., Toronto, If
yoa hivs not U'-tUd tUt* unl^aa
temedy-, send lo, stamp to
above address (to My retnra
hand a_few" pebbles of a deserted road
is not to^be master, of'transportation.'
The working" class-would be the dupe
of a fatal illusion it, it mistook what
can be" only tho tactics' of .'despair for
a method of revolution."
Such ,are .the opinions of a fow
notable leaders of the working class
movement ln Europe.' There is not
one veteran in tho International movement who dissents from tho view that
the general strike will bo a^ dangerous-
and perhaps futllo w.oapon In the
struggle for-working class emancipation.' "
COAL /nlnlim rights of tho Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
iVIbi'i'iu, uiu Vuhoii Tori'liory, iho North
WoMi TiirrltorlOB anil In a punlon vt
the l'i'Ovliico of Ui'ltlHli Columbltt; may
iio letiaud for a term of iwenty-ono
rciirh nt un annual renml of Jl an aoro.
Not move thun 2.R.10 acrus wli Uo Iciihoo
lo ono apiillciiiu,
Application for a Ioivho niU3t ho mado
hy tlio applicant In portion to the
Agnit ur Suh-A gout of tho dlstrlal In
which ilia litrhtu applied for nro sltiim-
hi Biirvoycd torritnry tho land muHt he
■ti crni" i. ii>' si't'tiuiiK, or logiil mib-dlvl-
nlonH of HPoilonB, and In uiuuirvnyori
ii'irlliiry iho iruot appllod for nliall be,
Hliilfi-d out hy Ihe niipllciint lllniHOlf,
i'ltteii nplloutluu itt ii m t 1>o accompnnlnd
liy a fco of U whioh will ho refunded If '
11m I'lffhtn npiilti'il for at-u nofavnllnliln,
inn uoi oihui'wlHu, A loyalty hIiuII hu
paid ou Uio moi'olinntnhln output of tho
mini) at the ruto of five centH por ton,
The pct'Him opernlliiir thn mino Hlmll
I'lirnlHh tlio Agent with hwovii lutuniH
lucitunllngf foe thu full iitinutlty of mar-
ehnntitlile eon! m|nrid uu dpuy tho royally tlioreon, ,' Tf tlio conl nilnliiir
HtflitM ni'ii imt li.'lntf (ipenitrd, tuioh
i-eliiniH Mhoiild Iio ruriilHhnd at'loiiHt
oiiru 'u year,
The Inline will Inolndo tlio coal iiiIhIiiu
rlglitH only, hut tho Idhnkh may ho par-
niltlod tiipurohiiMii whalnvor nvnllnblo
Hiii'facu I'lghtH may he ootuddorod no-
ci'iiHavy for tho working of tha mino
nl the rnte of flO.OO an norn, ,   '
I-'or    full    liiforinntlmr    iiplMlootlmi
Hliould Iio imiiii* to tho Heci'oliiry of tho
nopiirtnieni of Hie Intorlnr. Oitnwn, or
n nnv Airout or Huli-Asroiit of Oomliri
Ion I.iiihIh,
... ,w- w- »'°>,y'
Deputy Milliliter or tho hitnrln",
N.U—irnetilhorlMiil putillcallon nf thia
sdvortlHomont will not ho rnld-for.   .
Hixon   &
■ H^ife! "Engineers
Tinsmiths and
Tel  153      P.O. 1063
Fernie, B.C.
ilitwWeitwvWtt/tt^,t&3*,i^*WMIi'yt*iiimt? "Wf^ij A\_.r:XA&SPi?iy7y-X xa^XA '^7y ,y^^X7A-^f-^ ^'XAX '-;■: '--^:- * T"-
- -.1 '!*.*
,", ~ •'_'.""■■
"i "•-"•j*. _ *»"*r      v-
THE vMOTRICTiLEDGER, FEENIE. B. 0., MAEOH-15,1913.    . - }-
-'- - JwJ-t:-,-^'-t.-r^v-'i ' '
i  '^s>"t,-\«'yy
l W~t9l*):'£. .-t-B*,4-i -,
.„ -. .-,-, -.-, .,,   (Prom our own Correspondent)-  >
,~-A'•X':r ATlakxoAis a"lawjjln3*the .pfoviiice of
'■XyfX'7 £AJJ>erta - to Jthe'^effect'1'that • railroads
i,:7ylXsXyhose^p6nAacMyi}i§en guaranteed hy'
| ^?if^.|^C the governmenfeare-exempt from taxes
"' ~-'.S?A"^ railroads
"A5 ixtA-^y^. ^pay "sucfi^taxes. -.The--AJber-
I ■'^'-'"^^^soyeminetit 'iu"arantee!*thejbonds of
I ;X7A.€-Asm7c> iNyuimf,pifs^.iT7f._ so^ttiey.
-v'*^?'^'^ do hot'
r''y ,-;>""-'i*-{haves their.^boads- guaranteed' by -tlie
\. YyXAy' ^Xiberta^goyerniaehVand thereforethey.
J:.>.5:'i%:haveJq^pay^The..Cdnservatlye"s intrex
.^^-v.?y-,;.^lduced. ^'resolution-aaking the'.gbvern-
' '■ l;" \:l-/'ment"to.revoke:th^*Yltfw-and'ma]ce the
; ■X.C.{N:-,R.;"aiid ;the::G;ATV.JP; pay; said;
.-, 4: ;^es.';L They vspoke. in. moral; tones'of
P^^"0 •■;^"lip\v unfair": the "existing "law-was; and.
" "" '■""■* ^•':?.io>y-rmuch ib would' enhance-the-gov-
:\l erhment-treaeury-and thereby lighten
, t the hurdenof the farmers if the C. N.
; A::- "' '"'• ■ " c •""'     ■ '"'■'■ '    " ' '■
■ow Zam-Buk Delivered Him.
. - At 215 Fraser. Ave., Edmonton, Alta.,
olives "W. P.'Mahy," n former memher ot
;, the local. Are. brigade,1 who' has. won-
• derful '.cause .tov be-thankful for "the
'V'->, • curativo powers.of Zam-Buk'.  He says:l
v . :'t-"A-iserIpus,skin'"dIsease broke out on,
„\ \    iny face; and spread vunttl, I-was, In:
•\< --.a terrible, state. -The"spots and".little
' •;.' --ulcers were.frlghtfally'.irritatihg,-and'
-yet when scratched or rubbed thoy. bled
.„.-•:"-,- and,; smarted. - --Shaving ; caused" mo
• 7,t "agony, and sometimes^ I would haveHo
--'X ' go twp'wcoks without a-shave. "I tried
.,    i6me-niau6>eniedies,,herb'salvc3, jmd
- -.-various'^ other  preparations^ but  the
*"•'. ,".eores got'rib bettor., When Zam-Buk
v { .-...--was mentloned5'I :had little faith that
-' ,, "it" would.be able "to'do me any good.
-''.". '^.My. case 'seemed such an obstinate one.
'XA71 gavait.a fair.tTlalKhowevef,,and the
1    ':first box made such'a wonderful change
:-"*u'';for tho better that.lt gave, cr '•en-,
;.-•«.' .'-couragement to: continue.'  I   did  so,'
;;'v ■' '^and to cut a long story short, Zani-Buk',-.
^ ,';"-,•-"■ In the-end,;qulte. cured me.   My- face-
,'•' =" ■ is now, clear, of all'traces* of. the tc'r-'
.  'j.rlble disease, which"troublcd-me for,Bo-
X. x.longS'X,- ,'-   ,-.^   *■-   s^yX-y^.
A'y Thousands of.sufferers from eczema.
"i\-y Wood poison, juicers,, chronic ..sores,'
.  ■ '*'-', -piles, "'ringworm,v cold.* sores,"'-oias.
:'?.' -'-"'burns and skln-injv.vies,vhave biicn„r>»-
.".';■"';'','.lleved and-cur§d, as"wa_s'Mr. Mah'y, hy
•'.''-»' 'V Zam-Buk.   An- a balm for-all -akin' in-
v". '' ■juries'-arid dteeagW It. is .without xqual
- s - -'"'"AH druggists and sj.ores'af.' 50c bo-vor-
,7>A   -post.free'from Zam-Buk Co.,'.Toronto,
■ r'    for price.!' Refuse' harmful -substitutes.
•j-.. v
When you can own
; your own home?
,„ We have .for sale
Lots in town and Lots,
in subdivision in Cole-
nian at all prices. We
can suit your income.,
Call and see us.   .
Col C ttt SL tl
Realty Co*
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
COLEMAN, Alberts.
Offlee.ln Cameron Bloek
AU Work Quarantasd
Off les: Johnstone and Paleonsr Block
(Above nieitsdoll's Drug Stora)
Phono 121
Hours! 1.10 to 1 • a to B.
Ilesldenee: Jl, Victoria Avanue.
iR;,andthe.,G.-':T-. P. werejcbiajyelledi
to; pay_such taxes. -The njembers-.on*
the-goverhment, side replied to-the"effect that while, the Conservatives Were"
formerly; In'power. at^Otta'jva^the' P.. P:
R, "gobbled iip-sb.much of tho:coun/
try's resurces and'therebylmade themselves Jso'-.pbwerfui that rio| other-rail-'
unless.-they ;had;.-Xhei^bond? '.guarah>
teed and-!were:exe'mpt f^bm^tSxes^and
that- by,.,gu;arariteeiDg "tile-bonds and
.exempting1"from'taxes/tliey,Ithe^government, • had made ^'/possible.-for
these: ojher railway/ to'..relievo-," tlft
long ^suffering inhsfhltahts 'of .Alberta'
from the,,greed of '.that horribleVmoris-'
ter,":'the C.:p. R. - /The Socjalist^mem-,
her, for »'th~e Roci^..' Mountain^ tionstlt-
uericy took a haiudViii. ,thfr debate and
"said:' H- -_   "',-.; ''L!"-'''-"-"'-' ~l^i .* '
'   '.'It is evident to me that" if-the Con-*
servatlve's "ever got -controh-'of this
goyernmeiit.'the C. P. I?;, will', make
the1 other railroads' pay' some taxes."
(Loud applause from the government
side.)   "But this brings us to" the question of'who "pays the taxes.     There
has been'an effort, to sho>y that the
farmers and tli6_,working people of
this province'would be .richer it tho'
government treasury was enhanced by
the C." N.-, Rr^and the' G." T. ■P'. paying
more taxes. ■ I know Ithat such would
enableth'e.governnierit/ (If they so de-
•slr'e'd,)! to biilld more roads ,t,nd" hrldg--
es,,but.railroads, wagon roads,-"and1
bridges "are.<not'built"'to- brings the
.market to the slaves.---' On-the, contrary, they" are built to take the slaves
to market, hide and-carcass, 'wife ahd"
■family. - Speaking "in a" general- sense,
farmers do,'-not ow'ij'.farms, ho more
than miners .own .mines. ' The title
deeds', that; a .very-few-meii;have free
from- debt are but certificates to a
■steady.' job.   The,"real owners of any
prop'erty are -they who'get the benefits , of- ,that-^property.' - Railroads,"
"steamships?'',factories,  etc.;- are" the,
main.': arteries of" modern wealth production and "the class".that\o'wn "these
main arteries virtually, own everything
that is tributary., Anyway, they are
the class that gets all the benefits of
modern "wealth,  production,   owning
that -tphich alf others must 'have 'access
to .in order' tor"live. ■ They also own
the non-owners; they are our masters,
we' thjir, slaves. •< - It.' doesn't mattor
to a "cow ;pr a-horse, whether the'prh-e
of;feed.,*is high or low, if you STB" going, to' milk'the cow or wrrk the horse
you-must, feed. them.   We, being the
ski vei V to , the" capitalist class   they
must. return,,"to us' out of'what'we
produce'.cnough ,"to enable ■ us to,, continue' to produce.: ;lf they, "makcus pay
taxes^the^ ; they., must give : us the
^iiTreWIthlar^yp^-r^^h 'taxes, and
owing t'ojlhe 'complex make-up: of modern society! that, is" exactly, what they
are-compelled to do ^when we soil our
life-force, I.e.; our power to labor, to
the "capitalist'class.   It "Is no longer
ours, we-have eliminated it by sale;
therefore.Hhe wealth that is produced
by, the application of said .labor power
cannot and dpes not belong to us, the
slaves.   That "which, our masters give
us iii, return is neatly-adjusted .the
world ovqr to a slave's portion, that ls,
enough.to onahle us, to continue,to
sltive and( bring up young slaves; to
tnko our places when we are worn out.
This' is, evidenced by, the fact thnt
where slaves can live for less than
thoy. can here-there thoy.got less than
we do, and where it costs more to live
than It, does .here, there the slaves get
moro than we do;, In plados- where
taxes are more than they are her? tho
slaveB tiro not any worso off than we
nro and whero taxes, are less than they
nro hero tho slaves are not any better
off on that account.' TaxoB are but a
part of our coBt of uubslsto'nce; If they
could hrrhngo It bo that wo would not
have to pny taxes .it would cost u»
thnt much loss to' live nnd what avo
got would ho roi'jficea to that extent
no Is evidenced In tho places whore
our follow slaves got less than wo do.
And then tho little bit wo do pay ls
n moro nothing   as compared   with
what It costB to koop up a modern
government.    Our roasters   pay the
taxes out of tho surplus values that
thoy exploit frpm us by enslaving us
with their ownership of tho roonnB of
wpaltb production,  Tills fight In this
assembly Ib a fight botwoon our masters as to whioh shall pay tho big
share of the taxes' to hoop up tho government to bold us slaves In subjection."
The division was taken and O'Brien
voted with, tbo Conservatives.
When askod by a reportor for his
reason, ho said, "J nonloctcd to ox-
plain that I intondod to support tho
resolution, for In tho nonr future tho
slavos will bavo control of this government, aad while transforming tbe
ownership from tbo capitalist class
we may need all tbe revenue wo can
«ot.»   •
; ;"r , XyX'XAXxSf
;l';t^e striked theNkinawh^fi?ailey
pjiiners is conimanditfgi^efailent'ioh
and -thei admiration of organized labor
the country over. West Virginia,has
ever been called the" "scab state!' ia
laboi:- circles, especially..'amohg"'.the
union miners of other.Ifectionfrof" the
country. -Strikes for .better conditions
in the Pennsylvania, the.Ohiof Indiana
Illinois and various other 'organized
fields, have Invariably heen'weakened
by "the fact that the coaf"operators
could have,their orders,.filled .in;'the
lion-hnion mines of West -yirgini'alal-
most as cheaply as-_they could "mine"
the coal from their own'preserves." In
addition to this West, Virginia '>'as
been -the recruiting, camp.,for scabs
and- strike-breakers aha- a cursed and
deadly ■ menacev to" every struggle the
slavea of tho -grewsome dungeons "the
country oyer have ever engaged, in.
Now - that' West Virginia- mlner-i»jire
proving" to their fellow workers In other'"states" that they are made of rcdl
fighting material and that in the des-
perate'struggle now going'on.they are
deterfnlned' to win,' spontaneous >ym-
pathy and material assistance Is greeting them from every mining hamlet
in America. The "Kanawha coal miners v are, fighting „ bare-handed against
the most* powerful odds ever confronted >■ by struggling labor. - Tliey-, are
fighting with' the splritborn of desperation, not .only against the-coal barons
private^army of thugs and,assassins
but" against- the entire, powers of the
slate government, Doth civil.and military,'which are being used to the limit
to • encompass their'defeat. J With the
undivided" support of the United Mine
Workers of America, the largest labor
organization of the-land, and the Socialist, party, tho political union of the
workers, .the industrial and political
unions ■ working together, ' as they
should, the "Kanawha miners are going to .win the fight that will wash
from ,\^eit Virginia that unenviable
title, "The Scab State of the Union."
—Labor Argus,.Charleston, W. Va.  -
Spefid a MiMion v-
.       :; toX Break Strike
"'   -'-"'V^, »', '^P-'".,   ■ ' ax-"-;
:  Colorado Legislature Investigates Coal Strike, %
'.•'"'       '. in Northern Fields ■ .:   • ",;
Italians and Spanish Imported Into the
'  Country Under False Pretences
"Forty children, aged hetweenl'6 and
13,' taken from a glass factory!',' This
was the announcement that shocked
Paris, "the gay capitol, of France, the
citizens had-failedto note" that a-bru-
taf system of. "child labor; "or .to be
more exact, "child "slavery,"'was flourishing in their midst until awakened
to the fact by the announcement quoted above. The "investigation that has
followed has revealed a state of affairs
even more horrible than was at first
suspected. To begin with the little
"slaves" are not French, but, Italian
and-Spanish. Theyaro Imported into
France by agents .known as "padron-
es,". who promise to be fathovs'to the
children, and the. parents are Induced
to part, with their little ones on tho
understanding that they will be apprenticed to good trades In big factories, whore they may even become
millionaires. Instead of being taught
trades, however, tho llttlo ,onos nre
brought to Paris far from their' parents' ken, and thruat into glass factories at St. Denis and other places
In tho vicinity, where they, earn something like .lO'contB a day tor the""pa-
drones," Tlie "fatherly" Interest the
latter toko In tho children entrusted
to, thoir care may bo gathorod from
the tti"A thnt thoy herd tho llttlo ones
l|i filthy, dark,'stuffy holes, where
they sleep three In a bed, oftoa without any sheets, - Their dress consists
of rags and they aro fod on suoh refuse that their food, clothing and lodging cannot possibly cost more than
five cents a day,
' DENVER, Colo., Mar. 12.—That'the
coal operators of northern Colorado
would spend a million dolaars to break
the-strike „was-the sworn statement
of'former Sheriff M. P. Capp of Boulder county before the legislative investigating committee; he testified he
was 'offered a bribe through a man
named Alvin Raker, former chief-of
the guards' for one of the coal companies,- if he would assist the operators in quelling"the strike. .The,coal
companies will spend one million "dollars tojEight union labor. "This man
Baker told,*me," declared Capp, "that
1 ought to get some of it; he offered
to 'fix' things so that I would get a
dollar a. day for'each deputy that I
swore In to aid the operators; he said
th«y wanted at least four hundred deputies.   I refused to accept."
Sheriff Capp also testified that seven men were killed during the strike
and none of his ^officers could get a
man out of the stockade inclosing the
mines without a^ warrant carrying the
charges and true name of man or men
wanted; he said that one of his deputies 1 who attempted to'<get "into the
stockade to arrest a man on a "John
Doe".-warrant-was told that he would
be killed if he persisted in the attempt.
That- the average wage of the miners in the' northern Colorado coal field
is' from $350 to $500 a year was sworn
to by J. It. Lawson and other members
of the United- Mine Workers of America. ■■ ■ '». \ „ "'. fl
. James Kiroffi Gjeorge Evans, Frank
Snyder and t\vo Slav miners who wero
imported to Colorado as strike break
ers and since having quit the employ
ment of tho Rocky Mountain Fuei
Company, testified to the conditions
existing inside the stockade.     \   •.
Coercion, it was asserted "in the testimony of the five witnesses, is .being
practiced by the operators; miners are
forced to purchase supplies from, company stores or lose their jobs, and that
miners were compelled" to work from
eight to fifteen hours a day.    .    ' ,'
The- witnesses also .declared that
miners were not allowed to leave the
premises of their." mines under threat
of guards, and-that many who wanted
to quit w^ere'prevented from doing so
by coercion.   This testimony .was cor-
that their experience with non-union
labor added 10 cents per-ton to the
operating expense, this expense being
created by the maintenance of-'guards
at the mines. '    ....
. The American" Fuel Company entered into a contract with the United
Mine Workers of America on March-
5, 1912.
Charles E. Baum, president, of "the
Consolidated Coal and Coke Company,,
nnd' E. 10." Shumway, president of the
Rocky,Mountain Fuel Company,'were
the chief*witnesses for the coal operators. 13aum said that the operators
probably would havo arbitrated their
differences^soon aJCtor the strike was
called in 1910 if'the selection of a
tlilrd man if the . arbitration board'
bad not beeu left to Governor Shaf-
"From our conferences with Sbaf-
roth0 and from ' Information gathered
by our detectives," said Baum, "we did
not care to leave the selection of a
third and deciding member of the arbitration board to Shafroth." Baum
stated that the United Mine Workers
tried to hire a man by the name of
Wilson to destroy their property with
dynamite. „ ^ '
, Officers of District No. .15 declare
that Wilson was imported to Colorado
from Kentucky as a strike breaker
and,later .was employed by the coal
company-as a detective.
Mr. E. E. Shumway endeavored to
defend the position' of the operators,
in refusing to recognize the United
Mino Workers,-' declaring that they
oould net operate their' mines at a
profit if they conceded tlie demands
made upon'them by the union. The-
miners were asking for the advance
laid down by the special convention
held in Cincinnati, MiVch, 1910, yet
Mr. Shumway corroborated the testi:
mony of J. P. filler that-it cost not
less than 10 cents per ton for the
maintenance of guards. '
The committee expects to make a
report within two weeks and the miners are hopeful that tbe report will be
favorable to the cause of organized
labor. ., . "'
Lot,the general assembly of the
State of ^.Colorado consider the testi-
Special Rates to Vancouver
On Account of Bonspiel, March 17th
Easter Holidays Fare and One-Third
,    Going March,20th to 24th
Returning up to March 26th
Going March 10th to 24th
v>"■*"■" Returning up to April 7th
J. S. Thompson; Agt
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
inspector, who was sent into'the strike
district to release seventy miners'\yho
were being held by the"coal'company
against their will hy force of arms!
James P. Miller, a ..banker of, Lafayette, and P. Quarterman, general
sales agent, both being connected with
the American Fuel Company, testified
TnonFoTfefed before the investigating
committee, and they find-enough evidence to convince any fair-minded
hody of men of the necessity of passing the bill, abolishing the guard system, now beforo the legislature.     .   .-
International Board "Member, District
No. 27. -   '
What Common People
Have Achieved
Barrleter, Solicitor, Notary, tto.
Office*: HokaUIn Building,
'.(, " ■   P*rnlt, 9,C,   '
>. 0. Law*   . Alex. I. Pl»h«
LAWE A Fi»HEH       ^
"       ATTORNM.YR
Fernie, B. C.
Immune .
Mother: Now, Prnnklyn, If I hear
of your playing football ftfraln I whall
chastlao you.
Franklym Well, mother, a ch*p
who'a afraid of a Heklnc would bono
ntilily tiso at football.
Special Fares
— Account —
■ji \i ,        1       > i I      I '
Easter Holidays
In effect botweon nil Htntions
—'* '
and Hi'iinehcH
Going Date»-MAR0H 20-24
Return Limit—MARCH 26
Por ticket* apply to nearea! (".
P. Ti. Agent.
ft, 0. McNEILLIE,
TV*.*    Tit* tit* ft nt* it**    \ ttttlnl
 '.'•_■•     '■ *•!> '     '
Pvrrfitor, 8ot(«ttor» Notary Public, eto.
Steam Heated Threu|hout
Electric Lighted
J, L. OATES, Proprlrtof
Fernie, B. C,
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
R*U»$l&l**i tUy
V'trt Vtait Ssmp'e
ReecM In CutnMtfen
Thero is something magnificent nnd
full of promise for tho future ln tho
latter dny awnkonlng of tho working
classes'Of tho world, Within tho last
half century theso workers lmvo organized tlio greatest economic and
political movement In all tho annals
of mankind,
The Intoninllonnl Socialist movement Is of modern origin. It hns no
counterpart in history. It would
hnvo been impossible In any -procoding
»K°.        r _   .
Tho conauost of tho' forces of na-
*tui'c, tho marvoloua progresses In the
arts nnd nclonoos nnd Uio nlmont
miraculous mechanical achievements
of tho post century havo practically
rovolutiontzod tho modern world,
Thero are no longer any dark continents, Isolated nations, nnd romote regions of the oarth, All nations and all
peoples hnvo been drawn Irresistibly
together toward tho common center
of humanity and compelled more nnd
moro by tho Ionic of ovonta to recognise tho universal kinship of tho human race."
Tlio modern moans of communication and transportation now extend
over all thn earth, uniting all Uio nations within ono mighty organism and
spreading ovor all mankind llko a vast
and Intricate nervous and circulatory
The boundary lines soparatlng nations are growing more and moro Indistinct And the larger and nobler patriotism now arising Is bailed upon the
universal kinship of all the children
of men.
It seems strange that It remained
ior the world's'Workers, the mon and
iu,t.,tii on ill*, wording ciam, the iowur
el***, totalled, to organite (he great
mM-crn movement wbo** powtt in to
subdue the earth and lay thn fo-iniln-
tinn* hrnnd and doep lor a world civ-
l,,).iti.\,ti UAM^i i»\pi)ii lti« IdltiMllJi Ol It'll
When Karl Marx. 60 years ago,
voiced the shibboleth, "Workingmen
of all countries, unite," he was animated by the universal aplrtt, and ha
forma* with t>fef>h*tt<» vlnton fhi* triumphant march of the hosts of labor
Intn th" twlvwiwl r*fMihl|-fi.
Blnte Omt dsy the workers of «1l
m»t'on» have b*#n steadily Joining
bind*, uniting force*, until today tt.* t
.atiti U shaken wllb tba tread of the
Kiill'fl«« who ttata hatttrn** «>wwlrvn*
nf thrli fommon lAtarftftfn **<* lh**lr
common d«*tlny aad ata now marching Jnjfnllr toward thoir common
•man<**lf*Alo»- , j
Wednesday, Mar. 19
Seven Acts and Moving Pictures
Dave Caston
The .Man with the Flex'ibJe Knee
Marion Yale
Dramatic SopYjmo
Teddy Halsall
Concert Pianist
Those workers recognize all others
of whntover raco or creed, color or sex,
ns their brothers, Thoy havo become
class eon-salons und soon thoy will bo
race conscious. They have left behind
thorn the primitive Individual tools
with which thoir forbenjra worked by
and for themselves aud oked out n
moro cxlBlonco, and with theso tools
of a bygono ago thoy hnvo left behind
the solflsh spirit engendered in the
struggle for exlutonco, nnd In Its plnco
thero has como the social spirit which
rocognlKos tho rights of the collectivity and liiHlsts thnt Juutlco shall bo
motod cut to nil.
Theso aro tho Socialists who in tho
past havo boon ridiculed, despised, Imprisoned, but whoso movement today
Clarice de Haven
■, ,   ,   Comedienne
Dolly le Roy
Refined Musical Act '
Happy C. Willis
Australian Versatile Ventriloquist
A Screaming Farce Comedy
"The Indian Chiof"
Admission 25c & 35c   Children 15c
Two Shows Nightly, First Performance at 7.30
commands tho rospect of tho wholo
civilised world. „
Tho SocIallHl party Is a' political
factor of Increasing importance.     It
Is now a national party in fact ttB well
ns In name,   It Ih organized In every
(Continued on Pago 8)
yru.iu1; mm
Friday and Saturday Evening
and Saturday Matlttc*
EOLAIB, Two Roali. Intensely interesting Drunut, licnutifully singed. Adapted from
the.Oorinitu suyiug "Why wtuider far from home nnd over sens in w»nreli ot ^old, when
most likely n fortune is nt your door.   Eclair Kiliim nre of the hesl nnd this one is n trent.
" CHILD LABOR " Every father nod molhev mny ho enllod upon nt uooo \\wt* 1o fiu't-
thin problem. An importnnt mhyo-l I rented drninntienlly, pivinir n true-lo-life picture,
piny wliich will interest everyone and from which much benefit mny be derived.   S«-e it.
— OIHiift PiCXliicl&tt —
A PMr of l^ooh, Comedy ' ("ryslnl
The Blond Lady, Comedy Crystal
Tho Hater of Women, Comedy Holax
A Shot fn tbe Dark , 101 Iltmiti
Kl* drew Vowern
KirM pielure Salurdny evenings nt 7
Maliiices..»   :—:   Oilier eveninjp* i.:iO
Mnn. nml Tm-s.. March I7tb nnd IHlh
"Old Mam'selle'g Secret"
• Two Heeln
f-'mni tli.* f,'/tiiniiy nfnry hy Ku^otuc
Mnrlill, <ii,e of Hie most popular old"
lime novi'U A pretty story well played.
Big Shows
Prices Never Changed
Published every Saturday morning a l its office;
•Pellat Avenue, Fernie,. B. C.   Subscription $1.00
per'year in advance.    An excellent • advertising
Medium.   Largest circulation in the District    Ad^
rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
. oolor work.   Mail orders receive special attention'.
Address all coinmwrications to The District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.   .
Telephone No. 48.      "      Post Office Box No. 380
A CAREFUL nnd critical analysis of thc act to
■**•   amend the Provincial Elections Act, or as it
Ls now better known, tlio Bowser Disfranchising
Act, will convince one that this-is about the most
bare-faced and brazen piece of political chicanery
ever pulled off in any "free" or enlightened country.   The faet that it was rushed through in thc
dying hours of the session without any time for
discussion, hardly giving the members timo to know
what they were voting for, is proof that the move
was of so low and dirty a nature tliat the attorney
general and premier were even afraid of their own
solid thirty-eight behind them and 'ashamed to face
it Jn the light of scrutiny,    ft is evident that the
real motive is to hang on to power a little longer
aud to help "our friend Borden," at tlie other end,'
lo do likewise.'   The reason given for this act, ns
explained by the government, is the necessity for
a new voters list.-   This may bc a matter of opinion, but there can be no two opinions oh,the fact
that the legislation is so framed as 1o place the
present government in the position of the gambler
who plays wilh loaded dice!" a sort of "'heads T win,
tails you lose" proposition.
'A few illustrations will suffice: ■
Should an election, pominiou or provincial, be
held before the printing of the new list, the old list
must be used, and as the new list will be,in the
hands of the provincial secretary without any restriction as to time, the insult is that the government may choose which one best serves its purpose.
Moreover should there be either a federal or provincial election this coming'summer and the old list
used, there would be no.opportunity to revise it,
,  • DON'T SQUEAL/!V~-V.    *■'
ince, who have filed application since last Novem
ber would find themselves debarred from exercising tlie franchise.'
The machinery for getting names on the list is
.so inadequate that it is doubtful if half tbe names
in tho rural districts can be secured in the time
limit. The time for applying for reinstatement as
voters will have gone by before hundreds of men
in remote camps and ranches will even hear that
thoy have been disfranchised and inasmuch as application must be mado in person many of them
will not be able to reach the commissioner before
the expiration of the lime limit. Men cannot readily travel twenty-five or fifty miles for such a purpose.
An amendment to the act provides that it is no
longer necessary to publish the names, of persons
objoeled to, in the newspapers. The result will be
that there will be no intimation to the parly or
parties of thc nrimes objected to and hundreds of
tpersons arc likely to be struck off the lists.
No provision for printing the list, except by or-
der-in-eouiR'il is made, so that no printed lists need
Iio available till the hint moment, hol'ore an election.
Meantime written lists cnn bo bud for 25 cents per
hundred words, which would mnlco a list for the
Pernio riding cost about $25.00. How many lists
will tho Socialist local bo able to buy at Ibis price?
Section 11 of thc new act, tho registrar of voters
—n. government officinl—if ho is not satisfied that
tiny applicant, although he may swear Iio is duly
qualified, is cut i I led to be on tlio list, may summon
tbe applicant before bim and "nil upon bim to pro-
dnco moro siilisfaelory proof, or if bo fails lo attend
in imswer to this demand bis name may be strm-k
off. Tt would npponr tbat by llie use nf Ibis see-
lion the right to vote at all may bo denied one duly
qualified by Homo unscrupulous minion of The tj>ov.
"Weill   Tho tfovcrnmonl.   lias   certainly t,fixed
. things pretty nicely. Tlio public, whether they bc
of Uio uiHmic or nol, eniinol, fail to hub thai every
dtfitigo Unit Iiiih been mado lifts been made with
Die object of holding on lo office, iiud lhat every
'provision nf the bill i« nn outrage on '■ommoii ,\o-
ccney. Every government road minder, fire warden,
and other heelers who arc generally eoiiuiiisMioiicrH,
, will no doubt do their work well, at our expense.
•  Thoy will have every facility for doing no.   Hnl,
- then, llowsor nnd Mcltridn are, for the moment on
OH HE remark is often made:" "J, could do'with
••*■- those Socialists if they.used nicei language;
but they arc tooharsh; P don't like; being called a
/slave." ... No, and. neither ■ do' we enjoy- using
it but knowing that'soft words butter no parsnips'
we urge one. and all to look-into the question if
they would,ascertain how they are to escape being
correctly .described by the, term 'slave.'  "
Take for instance some wage^earners whose
occupation,is such that they must wear good
clothes in 6rder to hold their positions and although
we do not by any means decry the wearing of good
<?lothes, but on the' contrary we believe with Polo-
nius in- hife advice to his son-Laertes that they
should be "as costly as the purse can buy," nevertheless the-fact remains that the majority of those
in clerical positions delude themselves into the belief that they are superior to the worker whose
outer standard of life is plainer than theirs. Many
of thein are practically "neuters" so far as individuality is concerned and usually^ it is an inappreciable quantity; to call them 'slaves' arouses their'
ire unless, perchance, ut is'a prospective customer
when they either smile, vacuously or, else show'a
discreet silence. Personally we prefer the one
who shows some' mettle as there is at' least a glimmering of pbssibility that he u\ay be amenable to
argument upon the subject. >
'; We have used the word 'slave,' now let,us examine its meaning from various angles. If a man
be COMPELLED to'work,for a-livelihood (note
well the word 'COMPELLED') how can.he be.
otherwise than.a slave, because Freedom and Com-,
pulsion are contradictions'-to each' otlier. The argument (if such it may be termed) may be advanced that.a man is FREEl'to look for another job:'
'free',is incorrectly applied as,thc search for another job means another master and one subject to a
master can by no stretch of imagination' be called
'free' or he would not be 'subject.'     '
The great mass of humanity allow themselves
to be hood-winked by words without taking their
application into account at all. 'Often in a gathering when patriotic (?) songs arc being yelled lustily some of the benighted warblers are so ctosc„to
the starvation line that two weeks without a master
puis 1hcmlinto the middle circle, upon the outer
fringe of .which is constantly standing the great
army of producers. _ One of the stock arguments
of tbe 'anti' is the "survival of the fittest." Taking this *iTs correct then does it not follow that as
intelligence is increasing among the workers to such
an extent that they are realizing the folly of allowing their class (the majority) to remain 'slaves7 to
u minority tlmt the'day is not far distant when
"T,ifey"wiir(ieeicie to seelhat socfetyTs administered
-for its useful members and parasites both at the
top and' bottom of theiadder are eliminated? The
real stumbling blocks on the road to Freedom are
among the.workers themselves; those who are fighting to-retain their present system are either .conscious of their-interests or ignorant of them, in the
former class are many apologists of the existing
regime because they aro doing well for themselves
and those belonging to them; ignorance and indifference are resposible for the continued slavery of
the workers and it is to enlighten them on thc rone
hand and to arouse them on the other is the only
REAL mission of every labor and Socialist publication.
AVo would say to every worker, whether employed in the department of production or assisting in ils distribution, "forget all petty jealousies
and stand together with a determination to make
Iho word 'slave' consigned to thc limbo of tho once-
was-but-now-isn 't."      •   v
AV A. Gammon of Winnipeg"wasca
visitor', in" tW city rfbr a few days: * *
Mrs. A. Baker of Michel.has moved
to Fernie and is,opening a.maternity
home on McPherson avenue.
J. Peroiii, who_was charged with the
killing of a-rhbrso'Jn" the Coal Creek
mines, has been-discharged. ' '   o
-At 4 o'clock :_p!m. today"„ (Friday)
there were over 500 names on the new
voters roll for Fernie riding.
A- "coon" from-Michel was up for
assaulting a girl, but the evidence being insufficient,* lie was acquitted.
A. Wolfe of the Rex-Vaudevllle company, was busy in town during the
week making arrangements for their
forthcoming visit. '' - *
-The Ladle's' Aid of the Methodist
church will hold a sale of home cooking in the schoolhouse on" Saturday
afternoon at 3 o'clock.
"?he postponed .annual, meeting for
election of officers of the Fernie board
of trade will be held'on Monday e roiling next at 8 p.m.     .   C ■'
Friends and acquaintances of Bert
"Woodhouse will regret to learn that he
is' seriously ill with blood' poisoning.
He has gone to Calgary for' special
treatment.-   -
Constable Collins, who, together
with Constable1, Crawford, took Sam
Hartley to the hospital for the.insane
at New Westminister, has - returned,
and leaves for Waldo this afternoon.
On March Hth, 1883, thero died in London,
England, one of tho most remarkable, mon of the
nineteenth century, and one whoso teachings are
playing no insignificant part in tho twentieth eon-
tury. This man was Karl Mnrx, who was born of
Jewish parents at Treves, Mny 5th, 1818. Ho stud-
ied at, Bonn and Berlin and began the praelieo of
law, wliich he gave up to become editor of a radical
newspaper. Because of his attacks on the Prussian government the paper was suppressed, ITo
moved to I'nris, but was expelled in 1815, and went
to Brussels where he founded tho flermnn Work-
ingmen's Association, and Issued, with Engels, his
famous "iManifeflto." Iio again became editor, of
the HIiciuiHi'ho Zeilung at Cologne, but it wan again
suppressed and ho wont to England, which bocamo
his lieadquarterM for the rest of his life. The Tn-
teriiational Workingmen's Association was founded
in 18(M, and the first volume of Das Kapital wah is-
Mii'il in 18(17.
This remarkable man was buried in obscurity
after u strenuous life iu Ihe service of the working
elnss, for it must not be forgotten Unit Marx was
not simply a theorist but took mi active pari in Ihe
Two newj-constnbles have been added to the local provincial police force,
Charles, O'Connor and Dan "McRae
both from Nelson. O'Connor will go
to Hosmer and McRae to New Michel.
A'special meeting of' the Ladies'
Guild of Christ church will be held at"
the home of Mrs. F. C. Lawe on Monday, M.arch 17, ai 3.30 p.m. A full
attendance is desired.
school boardVm'eets
A meeting,'of th'e?sch"opl'-boaraswas
held on Monday,evening lafst,."Trustee'
Henderson in tlie ".chair "Others. present-were Trustees--McBean and Lancaster. ,'';.'''-v^,-'>>'.. 1..-'"/_-
1 The deputation,, consisting 'of - i)£
Bonnell and Aid. MacDohald, 'to-': ttie"
minister of edueaticm iii Victoria," re-"
suited-in a further1 grant."of -$10;000
being made towards''the" building of
the new school addition.,'.'  - 'A ■-   -
The estimates fo^-the current year
amounting to.$17;500, ' were, adopted'
and will be submitted to the city council,      ; . " ":y *; y* •' .
Principal'sJDanlel's salary; has been
Increased.tq $150 per month,   „
■ Ft
NHRWICH—OirWednesday, March
12, to Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Norwich, a
daughter.  '*'  ■ *
BARNES—On Thursday, March 13,
to Mr. and Mrs. H.',E. Barnes, a son..
.. For the first time within four years
has a, civil mariage taken place in Fer-'
nie this week! The parties were Chas.
Bayard Messeter, a r'elred 'military officer, and Olive Blanche Moore; both'
of Waldo.' The bridegroom is a Christian Scientist and the bride belongs
to the Church of England. This ls the
first "mariage' of this sort In .Fernie
since August. 17, 1909, when Cesar.e
Torchia and Maria Teresa Childo wvo're
married. •"
 .    /'
'    ' DEATHS
• FABBRO—On Sunday, March. 9,
Frederick Fabbro, of typhoid fever,
aged 20 years.- Funeral took place'on
Tuesday, Rev. Fathers Michel and
O'Neill officiating.
LAOHOWICZ—On Sunday, March
9, Michael Lachowicz." Deceased was
working at the Riverside.Lumber co.',
McGillivray, and was struck by a fall-'
ing'tree which fractured his skull."Remains are being held at the undertaking parlors of Thomson and Morrison,
pending instructlons'from a brother of
the. deceased, who is working somewhere around Bull River.'
Mr. F. Waters was committed, for
trial at the May assizes. .     }'
On" Sunday "evening next, -the 16th,'
a general debate will take place in .the
basement of the Miners hair,on the
question'as tp where the "workers are
ropbed ImSer'tEe wages" systemTThls
question arises out of the theory of
surplus value, and those who object
vto the principle of dividing up should
be able.to demonstrate their side of
the question on'this occasion.
T. S. Cassldy of Winnipeg, organher
for the Socialist party of Canada, will
speak in Fernie on April 9th. Details
of meetings ■ will be published later.
The schedule of his tour comprises
Frank on April 1st; Blairmore, April
2; Coleman, April C; Michel, April 7;
and Hosmer, April 8. Ho will speak
•at Buvmis on March 28th; Passburg,
March'29; Bellevue and Hlllcrest, on
March 30th.
*' "Why wander far from home and
over seas -to fickle moutainsides in
search of gold,r,when, most likely a
fortune is at your door?" -is the motif
for.an interesting two,reel "feature film.
to be' shown at the Isis' on Friday" and
Saturday of this week. A ~-dramatic
subject, "Child "Labor.'^also-figures in
the program and is timely in view of
the publicity this phase of the labor
question is- receiving in' those parts of
the country in which it is the vogue.
The.program Is completed with "A
Shot In the Dark,". His Career," and
thecomedies, entitled "APair of Fools
"The Blonde Lady," ahd "The Woman
Hater." The two reel subject for
Monday and Tuesday ls "Old Mam'sell-
e's Secret," a rendering of the famoifs
story' by Eugeno Mariltt. Another
feature that Is promised-patrons of the
Isis ls a two red film entitled "Hor
TOPATON:- :*.m
S  : lilRjAtiflM
.. '      ' '■■•)■,'^ ■'■■■»•';->.'. >■    J?Y_-- „„.'■•' ■*-'%
,. ,'^-Acknowledgments     - V- :.-'-'*
Bonnell and; Corsan ........ rJ
Kimberley. Miners "Unoin .'si:
N.. E.,Suddaby '.:Y.V.V'..,;.. !'A
H. P."«Nerwich . .Y.:".-. —", A.
II. Wilmer,'...". ;*..-.. ;*...."..\..
W. R. * Wilson'^......:.:...-;.'..
Grand .Theatre ;	
Thomson & Mprrison ........
. i .'..       ,. -■ -     -     .- f, *
. $10.00.
. ^25.00
. f 5.00
..'-;, 5.00'
.   15.00
".    33.60
.:; 5.00
' -  .-             ''-           ,\ ' "j
-                                '      Y   4                         *"                                                                                                                                 T
The Allen Players-     "./T*1
Te Allen Players, now appearing
at the Grand,"have"taken Sold of the
public fancy and as a consequence
large audiences are' present tf every,
night to witness'some fine plays excellently produced. So'far "The Girl
from Texas," "The Third Degree," "A
Contented Woman," and "Madam X"
have heen shown, the latter, a stirring
French drama appealing^ tho public,
perhaps, the most. Miss Verna Felton is here seen In the leading role
to great advantage and much credit
to* herself. Tonight" will he played
"Alias Jimmy Valentine," tomorrow
matinee, "Ready money," and in the
evening,'"The Deep Purple."
;^. On-March l3;at .the proyihcial.gov-" >'A'_
ernment office, -Johi^ Connors'of Fer- -*-;•"
nie ' and Sarah- Ann Weaver" of New, j
Michel. V" -; . ;-• xAA  ' '     ".; ^.- '
. BOST dN.^IasV^lMarch .'l*3.-f?VoW
for Women", won Its,""first 'victory^iif |;-
the Massachusetts .legislature todays "..
.LONDdN, March 13.'-^The.dark'Wue;-
crew of Oxford university ■ won today
the annual eight-oared university boat'.
race from Cambridge; on the Thames, .
.by a 'quarter of a.length,' \„-       ;.    ;,
Classified Ads.rGent a Word
—_ . ^ __^_ . __ :
TO RENT—Large house. -Apply' to
W.'.Mlnton, Lindsay ave., Annex.  '.  ,'
•FOR . "SALE-^Household   furniture.
Apply to W..,Mintbn,' LlndBay avenue, •
Annex!'    ,•*   •■> '\  s"S   i        - .'," ■.
FOR SALE--2-room shack bn.quar-.
ter acre of land.   Apply to J. Char-
mack, West Fernie..'.   ' .   29-6t.
Rex Vaudeville Company
Patrons of vaudeville and light comedy will be pleased to learn that the
Rex Vaudeville company has been engaged to appear at the Grand for Wednesday,'Thursday and Friday of next
wek. - vThe bill has been s augmented
since the company's'last appearance
here'by-two'now "turns," a.'moflolo-
gisto and'eomedienne/and Miss Dolly
leTtoytlreputed'to be'an expert drummer and zylophonist. In addition to
these will be seen Dave Caston, a London comedian and dancer; . Marlon
Yale, -^dramatic soprano; ^ Harry C
Willis, :ventriloqulst and.'baton wield-
er. A sketch, entitled "Whan-No-Tee,"
will also be produced. Tho company
as a whole is versatile and above.the
average generally seen" arpund here.
The prices of admission are only 25'
and 55 cents and packed houses should
be the rule. As the program is a long
one, for the benefit of Coal Creek resi-.
dents, the first performance will start
each evening-at 7.ao,6'clock-and"will
finish in time for residents to catch "the
10 o'clock Coal .Creek train.       '   ',
:—Prwr Pollock~of lh<rvanc~6uver Am-"]
usement company,. whilst, in the city
during the week purchased half interest in tiiq Grand theatre. Mr. Pollock
Is well known in the moving picture,
business in'.the' west and will givse the
Grand patrons .the benefit of his tex:
perleuce. He will return hero next
week and take an active part in the'
business. '■-',.
George Place,, who ls now appearing
In Calgary, Is said to ibo a keen rival
to Harry lioudlni for the title of
"Handcuff King." Some of the stunts
of Place are said to bo better and more
Interesting than those shown by Hou-.
dial. Place will appear at tho Grand
for one week commencing Monday,
March 24.
in writing to Manager,- Home Bank,.
Fernie, B.C. .
- TO RENT—House of three rooms,.
kltc|ien,  two Verandas.,,, Apply Jos. ■
Leonard Allan, Riverside avenue, W.-.,
Fernie.. -        _,  •    --   / . 30-3-
POR RENT—Seven roomed house,"
fully modern, hot water heated. Furniture' for sale. Apply. "G", care of
Ledger office.-,    - ' ^.       -' 30-1
HOUSE FOR-SALE-^-Foiir' rooms,
on half-acre of-ground'In West Fernie
Also 92' chickens.   'Price $800. Inclusive.  -Half rash. _., Apply to Geir.co.
Alexander.      V, -.  • '     ,   28-3tl-
s  LOST—One bundle' of papers .con-'
taining title deeds, etc., on Howland".
avenue.   Finder will be rewarded by.
returning • it to    Mrs. - Kate Bolayte,
Howland avenue. •,     •  "    .   .,     30-1
-.HOUSE FOR SALE—3 room shack
and skeletofrof■•house of eight rooms.
Verandah. - "Lot 4ft->c 140. AVlli: sell
cheap, $400, half cash." Apply to-Jas.
Meek, West' Fernie.-  "   _.;   S '" 29-3t.
...FOR SALE—House on-Lot 4, block
128, Annex extension. 2 bedrooms,-1
large dining room, kitchen, , pantix
clothes,"chest and lumber shed. Apply
to WmrHaydock, opposite...     ' -  30-3,
"-ANCONA EGGS'" -A-   For hatching.'
from stock imported direcLfrom Shep-.
world's best "Anconas;   His birds haye
a-record of'256 for entire flock.   $2.50-
per eetting. of ,33.-
Fernie.    '~ ;
Robt. Jones,"West-
'- V   '.'. ' Y .30-3.
bred   stock, { White . Rocks,. Frlshel/
strain' White Wyandottes.'Buff Orplng-'
tons, ,Barred . Rocks) . $2,50   per   13.',
White'Orpingtons, $3.50 per 13. Aylesbury duck eggs,' $12.50 per 100.   Six
^ylesbury ducks,' guaranteed laying,
$3.00 each:   OrderB booked'fpr April
and May delivery of,mammoth Toulouse goose eggs, $3.50 per 7.   Mam
moth brown turkeyeggs'," $5.50 per 9.
Clucking hens' for'sale.   Mrs. Davis,"
Fernie Annex. ■•
t*l*      .11,M    < tl,I.M;.-|UlH«l,>     *«HI     Ho      . i.lir,    ,»Hlt»<      u     IM j JJglll* III   (lie   V\OIM!l'H,
Huntnii,> 11.1i,^ui/,Li] liiitt iin, 1,.,it. \A1.11 \iity* Itn.
piper .\liuult.! Imvu tlio privilege of .joining iu wilh
tlio diiiiiT. Still, Iho ilny uf i-iiukoiiiiiir i* .'nol 'tp-
pioiH-hiiiji;*, onr iiuiiupt'H noxl.
p 11 ■
list of cnmmiHxioucrH for tho PVrnio riiliiiu. l*ii/./.l«\
find i> Sorialmt ninoriR tlusm. »ir»\v«'.v<»r, tliey nvo
.. liuiiiui ti) lu.Topt your nitfiwtration, vvhelhor limy
. Know you to ho t\ Soolnlist or not,,for wliiuh Hntnll
mnrey v*o «ro duly tlintiltful. Hut tion*t \onvo it
nt Hint. Follow it up hy waK-liiun rlo«'My nml sov*
ing llial.Miu o\o \to tlui u>Uuh toll. Vi.u i.iiulit not.
Kot there if you don't.   Alw» lie »l the nnirt of
it i» miiy (uirly yi'iU'H uiii^u Mov>. iiu'ii, nuu yut
wifViiii noo tin; mpid HtridoH tlm worlcvrn lmvo mnilc
iu llmir fi«lil for control of llu> nmiuiM of production within tlmt timo in ntricl conformity with liin
, K flit, „        , ,
i*>i\Mktt   *»». vii»'  t'trtnri lurttiUV  in   iln»v hrti»5tj<iv.
The rapid ronconlrittion of cnpital lm« tnfoen
place, mh Mnrx preilicled, ivHtiltiiiK in tlm trustifi-
culion ot iudiislry, nud now the intoriwitioiiHliziiitf
of the C.'Imkm HlrtiBKle h lioiiiR prepared un'dor our
eyes. N'o Vtnpinn visioni Hfnre the workers in the
fnee—1 here i* m» I hue for dreams in tho 8tru|?«l^
iov HU|iirniHc> —mid, nnywuy, tlm vliiimU* «f I'nim-
dn, nt lciiHl, is not comliieivo to thone "who divnm
Grand Millinery
1. 1
On Display Latest New York,'
Paris ahd   American   Styles
b, a
rcvition lo bc he-Id in Mny, oiherwfar ru-ytiling ean jdfvaiiiH."
liappen. ;       Tf the doitrineft of SociiilUm hiiv*- hpreud so
  _ j nipidly in thirty ycarw, nnd thii Ihmnjjh the *lr«n-
Don'fc i orgtl io be regbkUiwl uu Ui» voUv» voll 0*0.4* n>»|to*ii;(,u ♦• it)uimUt«.df \*\\u*. ouy *,*.'. ooi lu »k
hetan April 7th,
■ forward 1»» in the futtiwf
1 *,   1 /] • -'X' *~i ;^i^-'r'j^S''-'.y:^y
>.-.'Wrf 'aX:*:
x^m. \'.\a >™
*—^-n"   'in    ,-  ii I, i,iiim*T^—I
y x* r'-.j.y iyxyz,, x- .-.*  ,* ,    *;■ ... ■ - y:.- -.-...-a-  -;.•.:--  -* <;• • -.'-v=.,\ . '-.--.. ;r.,;„: --.'"\':--    '■   '   .     .     .-   :-■-. -■>. -■     •'-"'      . ■    '•<   "-•;.     ,-.     ■    _.■■-»      • .  .
'. 'A~-'*X"XA:,XjXX--Ax*- '   7-7-7' .'''■'■', ■"• •  7Xy:'A77~,i  -j„7 "'-•""'-;     '••'--
:i.^TfciSP^'-^i?r'^'^' ^^'t-^LS^^-'" .iy_^_s:'^B-'' -A'**
r '■
The €oal Creek.club is running an
faster tournament   All .entries close
on .March lStti," 'Buck up,, boys, and
, get busy,'1.-:' •"- _ -   •-'    ■"-'• ■', ;„" | -'
• N>. The executive committee'of the'foot-'
''.ball club has .-.'decided' to" purchase a
Tig-out for the,'club.     Oh my, what
/swank!  ,*;••  ,*. _    . .'■;.'-".
-;,Mrs. Green beck and Mrs. Proud-
lock, and their respective families
were visiting - Mrs. W.< .R-. Puckey.
Keep your eye on the Ledger man..'-.
- Fred Leylahd returned to camp bn
Saturday, and reports having* had a
good time down home in Wabash, Ind,
Still, there, is no place like the "wild
and wooly" west. Fred, the boys
were sure pleased to see you.
• '.Mr?- and Mrs. R. Blllsborough enter-,
tained a few friends and acquaintances on Sunday." The occasion was the
"birthday anniversary of R,- B., Everybody spoke of having, enjoyed them-
. selves. •.■•©-.;' ■ -■• ;-• f A '
, The,, mass meeting to consider tlie
doctor, question held last' Sunday In
Fernie, was well attended by Creek-
.. ■ "   '  :• Dry Good3
"ladies'  and/Gents' Furnishings
Ladies '.and Gentlemens'   '
■v ■   • ••'   ■ -'Boots-and Shoes
, Children's Clothing and .
•-\."     -•   •  :   .    Boots and'Shoe's
Some of our Exciusives Agencies
I >   ';
ti .'■-■
• Carhartt .Working .',- .
,\ '" ''■     -' '.    -, Suits and Gloves
Peabody ."Working  •"■    7 -
.    '*'-', '*■ ' "    Suits and Gloves
" '   II. Bj Kj Shirts and-.Gloves ■;
Penmen's Hose (Ladies',,,
''. • -,',. v Gents'- and ^Children's)
Tnvictus, Slater Shoes'. ■,   "A A
j ;  . Brandon'. Shoes" ^for, Meii'
C; C.'Legran Corsets
■* •  '.-' Took'eV Outing Shirts
' - Fit-Reform and, Art Clothing
ites.'- •-•': :.•.'-•: -..'« 'V '--.-- ■ ' '.
'{ A special meeting of members of the
clubls'called for'jSundayv March 16th;
to receive the"company's reply.re the
opening'of the baiv Now.'boys, raliy1
around^and let us havea good repre^
sentation. ■   A.     '•..--.-
The amateur dramatic society are
.liard at work, preparing- for the Linn
benefit" concert. , We hope that no unforeseen ..circumstances will. prevent
their appearancei Now, Jack', get wise
and take a tumble.'.        ....
, Mr." and • Mrs:. George Crabbe,'., are
holding a whist drive arid dance at the
club balloon''Monday, March 24th. Invitations are now bel^g, sent out and
tho recipients are looking forward to
a good time.   .
A runaway occurred on No. 1 "north
incline on Monday, which caused, the,
afternoon shift to go home again. For-
turially no one was iiurt by the mishap.
Freddy. Percy came out of the hospital on-Monday feeling, much better
after his treatment, i ' ' .ri ;•
'. Bill Green came, out of the hospital
where*he has been undergoing an operation for appendicitis-. We are'sure
glad to see him around again.   -■
'The agent for the Somervllle Mon-
.umental.company of Calgary,;paid' a
visit to this burg during last week-end.
We understand quite a piece of business was done. Moral—A Ledger advertisement pays..'
The stork visited, the . camp again
this week/calling first at the home pf
Mr..and Mrs. Lowther Morton on Sunday, leaving, a, fine' daughter. Low-
,ther. is'now wearing the smile that
won't come off. On Wednesday Mr.
j-itork visited Slav town and left a fine
daughter at the home of Mr. arid Mrs.
Steve Sangali. All doing well. Steve
still smiling. Congratulations to you
both. 7\     ;;,'       ,'     °'
•HugluBrown, driver in No. 3 mine,
received a nasty kick from' a mule on
Monday. He is'doing very nicely now.
John Southwaite';'had" his ankle
.-rushed on.-T'iesday night by a boom
falling on it.- He was carried to-the"
lioiipital by special train. -
♦'♦„'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦^ ♦:'♦;♦
♦ . .   PERSONAL   , •    :'.- . ♦
If Charles Warlaby, "brother-",
,i. in-law of Winounskie (deceased) late of Corbin, B. C, will
. kindly communicate with'Dis--
trict,Secretary A. J. Carter,
he 'will .hear   of   something
. which will be to hia interest.
*• ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ■
«»--'.'..," A   *.   -     ■-   ♦
«*►    ,        COLEMAN   NOTES      .    "♦,
.494><>t*"fr&&6' ^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^
.We allow 10 per cent'off fof
cash on all goods.  ,
tf  -
Billiard and
Pool Parlor
Two Billiard Tables.
Three Pool Tables
. Bowling Alley
Cigars .
Macleod on'tthe'serious charge of incest.1 -The whole, matter is of an un^
savory taste and "details are therefore
unnecessary. •' ,' ; • ' \- .
" Duck shooting season opened In
Coleman bn Saturday last. For the"
convenience of-local sports," the ducks
were brought right into town and released on" the main street. George
■Clair, who was never known,to miss,
took the prize for the best bag,
,. W. H. MurivA. M. Morrison and J.
Stephenson, paid a visit to Medicine
Hat, and b.ought up everything iu
sight. •
All who attendedNthe ball glveii by
the Odd Fellows InH tho opera house
Friday night report having had a most
enjoyable time.
On Friday last tho arrlage of linvo
Roberts took, 'place at Blalrmoro, the
lady being-Miss, Fyfo of that town.'
The happy couple roturned to Coleman
on Saturday and took up thoir residence In tlio wost'entl of the town in
tho hoiiBQ formerly occupied by Bob
Tommy Roberts, who put up a splendid, wiib forced to acknowledge dofont
tit tho hands of Mr. "Bock," Ho says
that he hail not long enough training,
but by tlie time this particular gentleman oiiIIb around noxt, year, ho will
bo ln much hotter condition and thinks
Iio oan win out. " '   .
Ooorgo Clair of tho Grand Union hotel returned on WoilnoBday night from
n biiBiiioBH trip to Modoolnd Hat.
Tho annual gonoral mooting of tho
Coleman' football' club was held in
Graham's billiard rooms on Wednesday/evening," when the following off!-'
.cers were elected for the coming year:
Honorary president, 0. E. S.-White-,
sides, Esq.; honorary vice-presidents,
W. It: Riddell, W. H. Murr, R, S.
McKibbin, R.--B. Buchanan, George
Kellock, W. Bosworth, G'. Clair, and.
D. Davis; management committee, C.
Maitln, R..MakIn,D. Hall, J.-Graham,
A. Anderson, J. W. Barnes, T. Smith,
chairman of committee, C.P. Willl-
mott; treasurer, E. .Barnes. Ab J.
Graham, who has acted as secretary
for the past five years, wished to resign, this position was left open until
the next meeting which will^ be held
at the billiard room on Monday next.
G. Clair,' who received' a telegram
that his mother was seribusly^ill, left
on "Thursday morning for. Vancouver.
. Bob Jones .is on a visit tb Lethbridge arid George Murr is officiating
as dispensing clerk until'his return.   -
J. Rusliton of .Michel Is now assistant'at the 'p; Burns store.
Sid Burt of Michel was a'visitor in
town this week.
A football game.will^be played on
Good Friday, between the picked teams
representing England and.Scotland.
♦ Sam Moore'and W. Banks will be
in charge of the representatives of the
rose and thistle, respectively.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦ •*.♦
♦- A ♦
♦ By "Onlooker."       /"       ■»
♦ ', •_ ,',''■»
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^>
y i •
Mr. Roberts, general manager of-the
Corbin Coal and Coke company,- was
in town this week.   He got the snow
"plough out and tried hard to get the
*Big—Showingr"but~tWry'*to^"s'ay~ the
.snow was-too hard.  "-
• •   -. March 12, 1913. *
To the Officers and-Members,
Local Unions, Sub-District,
No. 3. \
Greeting; ,'    -.
We beg to advise you that
John Lawson, having received.
the highest-number of votes,
has been duly elected as board
member for your sub-district.
The report of the tellers
was as follows} -
,  " J. Lawson '.. <v..' 335
H., Brooks  278 ■
,    R. McAckern    ..93    ■
Spoilt   ......     8
Yours fraternally
.     C. STUBBS, President
— ,A grand dance will be held in the
union hall on the 17th! It is hoped
that everyone will attend.
'•'• Mr. .John Dudley resigned ..his" position and took his departure for Fernie
where we understand he is going to'
shake clear of the single blessedness.
Mr.'Dudley, will make his future home
in Fernie. We wish to congratulate
you, John. '      -
• James Wallace and James McPhail
left in company with William Ryan,
forBrazeau last week.'
We regret to" state that sanitary
conditions are almost unbearable in
"certain parts of the town. We may
state that some of the tenants in this
section of the town have used all reasonable means in order to better these
conditions, but the parties who are
responsible don't pay much attention
to them so far.' We would suggest
that someone should draw the .attention of the authorities to this disgraceful condition.
Hosmer   Industrial
Association Ltd.
John A. McDonald
Spooinl lioproHontfttivc
Sun Lifo Assurance Oo, of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
H<2.00 ]W month x ,,
Phono. 120.'    .       BLAIRMORE ' Ttox 22
V       I
.,. Thomas Corkell is In town this week.
Tom must be making, a good .thing in
Corbin. ■ •''   '  "   ■*
^Alr. T. Williams and Mr. Devilling
Inspectors of this district, 'are here
this week. • ■'. c '• '• '• \ '• '' "''
Now that the siin has begun to show
liself over the-mountain tons, a large
crowd is seen pulling their checks.'
There is a ,bunch of men shovelling
snow off the railway track,that leads
to the Big Showing. The Coal com:
puny is going -after it early this year.
Sam Davis has arrived back from
Blalrmoro where-he has been attending tho sulphur bathe.
Tho stork was busy this week ln
Corbin. lie left a daughter at John
Mngnire's. Mother and daughter doing well, •*,
The 'stork visited the homo of Mr.
and Mrfl. Jackson and left ,a fine baby
glii,   Mother nnd child doing well.
Somo unscrupulous persons aro busy
tiioBo days as quite a few dogs havo
been reported tb,havo picked up something that Is not good for thoir. hoalth.
Tho parson or persoiiB should be
caught and severely punished,'
Tom Richards took a trip to Michel
this wok,
Mike Williams, an bld-tlmor In tho
Pass, wont to-Colomnn for a fow days
tills weok, Ho reports things too slow
for any young follows like himself,
David Welsh movod Into tlio house
vacatod hy J.; Sharplnsky, who has
p:ono to tho old country for a trip,* , -
Young couploH.can ue soon punullng
up and down tho track tlioso flno oven-
Ings In Corbin.
"Shorty," tlio cook, returned on
Tuosday, foellnK linpplor than whon
ho wont nwny, Uo reports Frank very-,
very slow those dnys,
Tho mines horo lmvo not boon working for tho Inst wonk on account of
flro In tho prime sonm, Tho. mino l«'
ox|ioflto(l to ho going full swing ngnln
In a fow dixyH ns tho flro Is now pretty
woll under control.
How's chances for ti drink of bottled
boor, IlobT Wo ohn hoar talk of you
hawking It around town,
John Porploh has loft Corbin for
pastures now. Jack will bo greatly
missed around tho boarding houuo.
Wo are expecting to havo a big
dance at Corbin on tho 17th, Bt. Patrick's day.
William Bproulo returned autto safe
Irom tiin trip to Hosmor and Michel,
Wo flro sorry to n<port tlio death of
Ihe Infant child of Charles Romania.
Jos. Grafton, President; A. J. Carter,
The first meeting of the season of
the Crows Nest Pass league was held
in Fernie on Saturday, the 8th., inst.
Six teams were represented, Bellevue,
Coal Creek, HUlcrest, Hosmer, Fernie,
and Michel, sending their representatives. ' "' •     '
The first buslKeBS transacted was
the' election and appointment of officers for the coming season. Joseph
Grafton, of Bellevue, was unanimously
electeuN president, and A. J. Carter.of
Fernie, secretary of, District 18 ot the
United Miue Workers of America, was
appointed to look after the secretarial work of the league.—JTlie appointment of honorary offlcors then took
place, the appointments being principally of the managers of the different
collieries as vice-presidents. Thomas
Crane, of Michel, honorary president,
the following honorary vice-presidents,
J.' Shanks, Coal Creek; B. Caulfield,
Michel;.W. Shaw, Hosmer; J. L. Gates,
Fernie; J. S. Quigley, Hillcrest; J. R.
McDonald, Bellevue. The election of
officers- can leave no room for complaint from either the Alberta or British Columbia teams, as they are fairly
well proportioned out according to the
competing teams
Considerable annoyance was expressed "at the action of the Coleman
team in not handing- over the Crane
cup. To numerous requests for this
cup they, have made no' response,'' and
the feeling of the meeting was that
unless this-trophy was handed over
forthwith the-Cpleman team should
not be allowed to compete • in the
Crows Nest Pass league this year.
The next-meeting of the league committee takes place at Bellevue on
April 12th. League committee meetings are held in turn "in the different
jhome towns of the competing teams,'
iiriiAniil   ta Tiir in A ' tbe  order    °'f these metln£s    being
MrMnRIAI Til THr V R-'arransed by diawinsi6ts for ihe Ai
IVlklTlUllink   IU   BUB-   BIW     berta and British Columbia teams and
combining,* the two lists.v
" The delegates present at the meeting were; M. Clark, of Fernie; S. Pat-
el; W. Rankin, of Hosmer; R. Livett,
of Bellevue; and S. Sharpies,-of Coal
FROSTLESS ORANGES at the.Hosmer Industrial Association, Ltd., store.
ROBIN HOOD FLOURTa car just arrived. A guarantee with every sack.
APPLES, APPLES, at tho H. I. A; Ltd.
store. See our stock before purchasing your supplies
Ltd, store.
TeM Him He Can Be Cured in •
Three Days.
The Neal .Treatment at the
Neal Institute Will Quickly Restore Him to Self-Mastery.
o ,
"The Neal Institute
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325. Phone 273
(For otljer Camp News see page 8)
We cany <i full line of   ■  „   '
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices^ Right
1 f
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*: Frank, Alta.
Veterans' Association  Will  Take the
■ Matter in  Hind
Schedule Provincial Elections Ael
Notice In hereby glvon tlmt tlio, list of Voters for tlio Fornlo Kloc-
torn) DlBtrlct line been cnncollod nnd tlmt applications to bn placed on
tho voters' lint will lm received, nt my office nt tlio Provincial Court
House, Pernio, ,D. C, wlioro printed forms of nrfldnvlt to bo used
In support of nn nppllcntlon to vole-will be,suppll-M. Tfi« Hut
of perilous claiming to vol/* will bo ■usiiendud from nnd nftor the sov*
enth day of April, MIS. nml n Cnurl of Hr-vlslnn win h.» licit, nn tin*
10th day of Mny, 1013, nnd notice of objoctlous to the 1/iaertloii of
nny nnme on the Tteglstor of Voters must boUvCn lo mo thirty clear
days before Uio holding of tho Court of Revision.
Dated this 3rd dsy of March. 1913.
'' J, w. T, ALeXANDtfh,
Kftristrnr o> Voter* for the Kenrto pectoral Wstrtct
, A meeting of the Veteran's Association was held In the basement of the
Christ church on Sunday, Mah'ch Oth,
Colonel Mackay occupying the chair.
The official auditors submitted their
report which was as follows: "We,
the undersigned, have "examined tho
books of the Veterans' Association
and find them to^ be correct, W. S,
Koay and J, F. Mcintosh, auditors."
The auditors' report was'received and
accepted as satisfactory.'
A communication was road from tho
vice-president of the C.P.R., relative
to the employment of veterans for positions which thoy are qualified to fill
on thp C.P.R, system,    u ,   ,
Tho secretary gave a financial report
of the annual banquet which was iiIbo
received and nccoptod as satisfactory,
A discussion avone ris. to tlio payment of annual feoa. It was trutmlly
decided thnt this mattor be left 'n
abeyance .until Instructions from lioud-
qunrtarB aro received.
Memorial to Explosion Victims
A suggestion wuh offered by the
prosldont thnt a memorial bo erected
in tho city of Fornlo In commemoration of those who lout their llvofl ln
tho disastrous oxploBlou at Coal Crook
mines on May 22nd, 1002,   A discussion uroHO (ih to T^hat would ho tho
bout form of memorial... Tho prosldont
suggested   that a sanitary   drinking
fountain, nroctert on ono of thn main
IhoroiiglilnroB of tho city would bo n
good thing.   Various othor HiiggoHtloiiH
woro offorod, nftor which It wns finally, dpcldod thnt the matter bn loft In
the IiiiihIh of tho oxccutlvo commlttoo
to find out tho approximate cost uf
tlio same, nnd to report nl tho noxt
mooting,   With rofftird to wny» nnd
mnniiH for tho purposo of nniclliig this
memorial,   It wnn roHpivad that tlio
funds ho dorlvcd entirely from tho pro-
cnmlu of concnrtH, uo.othor hiiIihciIii.
lions to bo iiHkod of tro puhllo for tills
purpose,   Tlio   oxocullvo   commlttoo
wero empowui'i'd   to niiiko   arrutiKo-
munis for a concort,
A Hhort dismission rtroso an to tliu
advisability of having nu an mini outing nnd (t wan decided that tho Mocre-
tury ho roijuewlod lo got. In touch with
tlm sncrotnrlos of tho neighboring com-
fi.tu'i,., ui u.u.Uum liliu IIIMl OIK IIOIII
th"in 'f ll li' juuyllk' lu h.tiu ,ta ttitiul
Riimnlpil ro-nnlon nt u central locality
somo timo during the corning summer.
Don't forget to try Easton's
When you want
Colemasi Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
LONDON, Ont.,-Free Press:—"Tho
coal barons of the United States who
took $13,000,000 out of the coal-con-
Burning public In a single season because required to Increase the wages
of the miners $4,000,000, will not appreciate tho exposure given their actions In the report submitted by Secretary of Commerce and Labor Nagel.
The extortion of a sum equal to moro
than three times tho wage Increase of
tho minors was a crime against tho
workingmen of tho United States and
Cnnada who woro compelled to buy
tho product of tho anthracite fields.
Tho barons have much more wealth
Uinn thoy can uso, but thn cimzo for
gaining money which roUoh upon men
and makes thorn its slaves took-possession of thoJio multl-mllllonalros,"
Tho lnrgost union in existence Ih tho
Mino Workers of England, which hns
a membership of 040,000.
Robin Hood Flour, 98s $3.45
Robin Hood Flour, 49s  1.75
Canned Goods
Tomatoes, large, per am....
Tomatoes, largo, per case...
Corn ov Beans, gvcen or wax
. per can 	
per enso  	
Peas, per can	
Peas, per case 	
Canned Fruits
SI rn wherries, Raspberries,
as, per can
2s, per ease
statu or Ohio, f'rrv or Tnunn, i
Latum Countv, I15,
I'iunu J, C'iii:nbv nuikce n:itli Hint lir In iimiIii,
(KUUUT oi tlio llrm (it I''. ,1, (.'in.sn & Co,. iIhIiib
liimliirM In Uio <;ity (if Tnlcilu, Immty ii:u| hliuo
alnriH'iliI, mid Hut »ilil llrm lull ihi)' Hiii mim nl
fN'H HI'S'IMIIJ) DOI.I.AIIS lor c.irll Wid tiwry
"•i*... il Oataidiii liml cniini.t lm ciircii ny tlio \m cf
n.ii.i,'. ...rARiiK t'Ulin.
R»«rh to liuroro mn and Hiilmrrlbcil In iny tiron'iKC,
dim (tli day nl DcccmlMT, a, 1)„ ihhii,
. —'— , a, w, (;u:aw.\,
j BltAI, f NdlAlii  ITHIIC,
lliill'K Out'iirli euro Ik Inlun htcriii.ilv nnd nrU
dln'clly n:»i. la*' li.iinl iim.i liinniui, Miri.mn ul tliu
«t'iti>m,  Hi'lid lur 1,-nllmn M.!«. tin:
V, ,1. i;il.„>fi'.V *■ (*i)„Tiili'iln, O
..old by till llni'ii'lHlH, thi',
'i'likn Hull" rnmliv I'llln lm ciii-.hIIiiiiIKiii
Pouches, Pears, per can.
Pouches, Pears, per ease,.
Union Brand Tea per lb... ,35, .40
Specially packed in iho gardens of Ceylon for the si oro
tlio people own.
Fresh Gathered KfiftfR, doz...    ,40
Kvery ono warrant ed
Ripe Oranges, doz...:.40, .45, .50
„  Free from frost.
All goods of the highest standard and warranted fresh from
week to week.
The largest slock of wearing
apparel for children, women mid
men (made under fair conditions
of labor) in the Pass.
Art Clothes
Slater Shoos
(Union label)
Carharll 's Overalls and Gloves
King of the Road Overalls and'
.Smocks, King of the Rtjiid Shirts.
Made, for Ibe true sons of labor
who care about Ihe other fellow. ■
Annual Trado Exceeds One Hundred Thousand Dollars.
Keep the Money in Coleman
$ O -v w> *w*+"*i*Wi* -#«♦«♦♦♦♦♦
Mr Prir'Olniiftli miffrrod a dl-.'il Injury hi Uio mine last woek. A, piece
of mp rock foil brnlHliig hid foot.
Mr, Tom Hull ln proparlnit for ft trip
mn lh. Mr. llnlo In nn old-timer In
MlUcront nnd wo wish him hiiccomi.
The home, of Mr. and Mr». Tom
Nrown wan v lilted by the mtork on
Frldny.   Mother nnd child doing well.
Mr. M. J, McKlnnon of Frank yai
\UIU»K tiloiuU In town on Htmdny.
Jowtph McMtillln pnid n flylnp vlilf
to Frank on Monday,
rvr.corrzu cv co»ui\&ab
ii     : ■ ■	
W'ASIHNdTO.V, Mnvch 8.—Thnt con-
RrnHN completitly forgot to uupply
tiivult to run Uio now dflpnrtmont of
lahor wiih dlHcnvorixl today by Hncro-
tury Win. ll. Wllion. Tho temporary
'jtiartoi'H or tlio iltipnrlmcmt nro In a
llltln room contnlnlnK n denV nnd n
tew rlmlrB In thf hcntlqunrtorii of tlio
dppiirtmnnt of commnrco.
A. tiiMioftr,ij;lii,r, horrowod from on-
otlmr dop«r*m**nt. paitod on tho offlco
door a «ll]) of piipor liearlnir tho wnriU
"departmom of labor."
Tho ipnelnl ROHBlon of connnm* pro'>.
nhly will vole fund* foi" Um no<.v ih'.
partmont imniodlntely
Stylish Young Fellows
The masterful hi .vies nf llnhlmrliu Mnde tt» Men-
Hiiro (JIiitlicH iippcnl In Ihe "Stylinli Young Kellow"
ns no nl her kinds mil, There is u style without
"freakIiichh" fit, nml (|iialily that murk the wearer
as n well ilrcNNnl young niiiii, And tliey eost no
mure than tlie niiiiiuoiiei' sorl,
' «        ,i
Our Situd Ddpdf inibni is Compi&ie
Fine Shoes from $3.00 to $0.00
fflno Shoes from 52,75 to 50.00
Our regular fine slioen and Leckie mine shoes
lire Ncennd to ri"M«,     '^nlil,- nnd s-tyl/» abmiliitely
Blairmore, Alta.
Sc!o Agency The Houio of Hobbcrlln, Limited ■■-A
v    X,
-- ' ^X'AXX-y    -  ■
.     ,      '     - "     '-o.''        ,  .    X*'A£&k*x -*'■••-  •'-'
Common People,
(Continued from Page 5)
state la, the union. Its campaign is
•I wholly one of education and orgauiza-
, tion. Undoes not plead for votes, and
not a penny of its funds is ever expended to improperly influence,-^ vote
■in^its favor. It is concerned only iu
;> arousing men and women to the ne-
icessityof thinking for themselves and
acting together for their common
good. It points out to the workers
that their interests are identical, that
united they have the power to conquer
their freedonvand to.rise to a higher
plane andito a', nobler;life than they
have yet -known,--and_ this', appeal is
mai|e to them froni a .thousand public
platforms-and street corners "every
hour of the day by tlie tireless crusaders of the working class revolution.
Once the spirit of this'mlghty movement has taken hold of the heart of
man he can;.no more resist,preachings
its gospel tian he can-cease to breathe
It burns-within him'like a holy; fire
upon the altar of his soul ahd he finds
joy in what others call sacrifice,.    l
The Socialist party is the only party
which demands ■ in the' name of. the
forking class the collective ownership
of the ' machinery'"of production'and
in the nanle' of the "people the control
of all government.-   -V •;   '
It is "th3~■bnly'party; which stands
for the -Jtrue"; freedojn' of- 'the masses,'
for genuine; democracy.'.,for' twentieth
century, civilization;;-: "-•     -   .    ■    "
It is worse'than-i folly for people to
talk about democracy.while the social
means of life-are' the invate^ property
of the few aiid while the-millions of
workers have'not so'much" as a job
ttyey can call .their own,    ,,-• '"
The democracy of Socialism is based
upon the common ownership' by all
the pebplelofCall the sources of wealth
and-all'^thej social, means Sol. wealth
production]and distribution.'ASy other
kind, of democracy must prove a delusion and a snare. "V-".',-'-*' ',' '., •'-,.
- "Iri^the-^days'"of.- our fgrandfathers,
when; ;to61s' ^Wfjre Individually ^ used,
they were} rightly • individuals-property
and it;Iw'oUlcI'liave been foolish" to propose their collective ownership. Today
the toote are" mighty machines; socially madeand'socially used, yet individually owned.' These machines are not
owned -by, those .who use',them and
they are" notTused by those "who-own
thero ...and. from, this fact springs the
I" '      ii'-"A*x "' '
.. m
We intend to carry this sale on until our
.whole stock is disposed of. Our $tqre andi showroom have heen crowded with customers every?
day since we have started this sale. This is without doubt the biggest sale ever held in  the   Pass.
>, 1
A                                                  ffl
LAMPS; to every purchaser of one dollar or over
will be given a ticket.    If you are lucky it will be
n * ' "
marked LAMP with number of same.
Everything in   our  store has  got to go  and
must be cleared out within the next three months.
Now is your time to buy Furniture and Hardware at less than wholesale prices.
*}*■" ■" •" -'" '
. *ft*w*---x$'"
If you are getting ready to go to your ranch
this spring, don't forget that we have everything
' ■ **S» «
Our Store is Open Every Evening
•: A-;^^ *-^:XX A^-yy 7fSX'y^x^yAA-y K    ;.£,;.- ^Xy.X x-^-^yy* ^ ,:_ -AAyA^y'-i
- -■-■ -^:■?*spy-;.;:'vu/„;-^.;;,-j>'k ax:-;.'-.^c-^s-n^-."^&&;-/-:*i&..^xxyxxxs^~x; &
.---, i~ ,,.-.*-»yyjt^i*. .-*.
.   - ", -ft "t**\,    #'v*T,sji ^^M
■'   y-<x^^$hx"'7x-x :^AlXXA .J',\ ' A^*:Z^
' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦;'-^'^ ♦"♦':* ♦ <►
*> ♦
It is^reported-that^e-ininersVhire;
are' to be*'paid their October.and November
♦ ^
Bob Levitt' Avasr'a^delegate to the
football'meeting^this'-weeli-at'Fernie, J
represeiitiiig .the Bellevue -Athletic as- tIe"'°*theground to put lii'the' switch
tociation. "-' ''- ~> -A -.- •' .;.*'"-",- tracks and .as.soon as Sp'rlng opens tip'
' Mr. Artfiur Shearer.and'famiiy.'who work-in.generaUwillTbe'gin. ^^>":-
• Tony Poch of North■"Pork-.ia'.ihltowii:-
Mr. Artfiur• Shearer, and.'family,' who
have, been in camp for some-time, left
this week'foffBlairmore where he'has. aB?iu-:,>"':':;''-- •"-,-J'"*;\.^T-^ - X'y..
secured a position.-^'- ,"'"'■ *".-*-'• ' ': ,Tlie, water, system- was 'frozen ^near
"inspector;Arspinail-"was In'camp":'thls ^% ^osp'ital^last";.week. and 'several
week bn'.-his- monthly .inspection.:  - no.us>es" w^e. B^"°^ from "th?lr 8UP"
John. R." McDonald, tlieUuperlnten- p,y:- Frap^ «ory Secured ,the Job^ot
dent at-the Bellevue'mines.'was~'at:'dlg£ins-P,the Pipe^and soon.gofthe
t .i,.i._ij... ... r.     . , •   ' '      frost, nut -.*      ■    ..   ■ > ,     ,"-., '     »   •'.   •'
if <  i)
Frank, Alberta
. 1 ',' i«v
.49*. *r, * >   99,.**   .
Lethbridge on Sunday.
The- Bellevue-, brass' band -Bhei'd a
meeting on Sunday In the school house
for the ;purpose of-re-organizing the'
band.',,,Officers for the coming year
were elected as follows: ^ Mr. G. W.
Goodwin, bandmaster; Mr." Wallace
Ralner', secretary-treasurer;- Mr.'Fred
ChappePand Mr.-John' Brooks,-audi-1'
tors.j The 'band-meets next Sunday
for a. short practice, and' public^ meeting: Everybody' Interested invited to
attend.,:- ' ■,--■■'•   „.,-"'-■   "   '-■■*,.■■ -'
^Bellevue' local,, 431,'   held a short
meetlngon.Sunday.,to hear the delegate'" finlsji his report' which '.was ,a
lz lengthy oW '
-   Organizer Budden- of the Socialist
-party was in camp dn Thursday'last.
j He was billed for' a -lecture in the afternoon,-but Jhere being so many /on
the afternoon^shlft the lecture was not
! given.      - t '    7-      .   N.,
}'.'. Mrs. Albert'Hallworth'returned to'
camp from Royal View, on Tuesday.'
j . Sain Shone has been laid up' for a
; few days, but is around again.'
|- - The-.local church is holding its Sun
day school anniversary on Sunday and
Monday next.   The afternoon-service
Sunday will be largely in charge of the'
' children and there will be a.large choir
of- children in attendance.   On' Mon-
,day, evening the-children; will "enter-
taiirtiie public at a first class .concert.
i. -     " ■' "'      --'.■"        ' ■       - J~'  ' ■
: • - '       '     .->       /', •,    .  <e,
♦ ' '       ' FRANK-NOTES *,  .''♦
'+'i\...iy*:':'' y ''-' r.. -■'";*
A Mr. nnd .Mrs. Joe Patmore of Cran-
, brook .were,,visiting, in-town last weeli.
Mr. Beach,, who,was -suddenly called
~to~OnEarr61"so^ie weelcsTgo on account
of the sickness of 'hfs wife, returned to
town Tuesday and''reports that'. Mrs.
, Beach is, better,.i._■...'* •'}  A' .' A X~
j The town has commenced iomoVe
again.'' Mr.Calmer and.^his gang,of
men aro now getting-the regaining
, buildings ln the rbuslriess part ready
for the journey.   '•.'..,•-''."
I- The union has moved Its hall from
over the brick building In which.the
-wholesale liquor store la. Tti'e new
quarters are. In the" "co-operative"store
building, . _    "   -n
1 Pete Soliat, an Italian from near
Lille, who had his leg broken some
timo' ago and later developed pneumo:
nia, died In tho Frank hospital on Mon
day, -His body was taken to tho Blair
more union hall, from where tho funeral was held on Wednesday.
Mr. Allan Moore, who at one time!
wib manager of .the Frank' Lime com-             , .. -,	
panjr, whs In town for a fow/hours almost exclusively "mining.'!
last woek'      '" ll   "'" *      ~'	
charnotor. .The now teacher commenc-
ob work tho boRlnnlng of noxt week,
Sanatorium' hotel.
salb of tho Crows Nost Hardware Co
lifted on to a set of trucks by tlio con
..-.._.. _,.  vw •« ..vv w,   MHvnn  vj   wiiv WJH-    —--   ,"-   **--*-.."»nv
tractor,  Iio Is now occupying the old t,on •* tingle caio,
office of the customs,
)ef_ wages •'[this_ jreeki^Jt-isjtilmost
good to- be'.true..c^?^'viv"^'"-,'^*V':'.
The'Reystone'Cement^company afek-
getting ready for the^ erection ;o'f-jheir„
plant, which'ris^just^outsldefthe^rank^
new .townsite, '.They alr'eadyijhaye the"
ties-b^: the'ground to put in*the' switch
Ax yQMtisi. >OLicy."woRKs-.vvEi:
frost out,
>', Rev. -W.: TY-Yoiing w§ntUo.^facleod
on Wednesday to attend a "Livingstone convention."" -It is now one hundred years since Llvingstone'was,born.
Papers were read ^showing, what" he
acc6mpllshed by, his great work ln
onenlng up" Africa,  \        '  ' '" -
Xc - /.Bellevue, Alta.', Mar. lOtn.
To the Editor, District Ledger,"•',  •., '
Sir: >-' " % ;'.-,'    • ,  ,,%  C  ."
, We have been', instructed" by" the
trustees of the Bellevue School District, No.. 1336, to contradlctthe statements made in 'the' "Bellevue Times,!'
issued'February 7th apd 14th, -and as
we do not wish to trespass too much
upon your valuable space. We will,en-
'deavor to.state facts in'reply.to each
statement, made, and allows the ratepayers-to make their own deductions.
The statement that thc( secretary
was • re-elected for" 1913 by the "ratepayers, shows at once that the writer
knows-.very little", -if anything,'7 about
school matters, as.the officers of each
'district are appointed by the trustees'.
The statements that the 1912-trustees.; appointed three teachers ,to do
the work' previously -handled by'-vqne,-
and.'also that-50 per cent'of" the child-
ren'vof Bellevue could not find accbm'o-.
dation.in^the school'are, ln"'"addition":
to being: erroneous,. .'not consistent.
The  1912 'trustees wero "aware that--
demonstrated?ln^the-annu'aljreport,of'., 7;.'
the surveyor/geheral.v. ^ '(XA'-y X ■ y^xy
Alf-is pointed .out" that the: total' area'v.X J
re fiiircha§ed -ftor,; the' purpose';^oi^jilansVi; f -^ -i
mentioned" to "June 30' iWst,i'W.as 61?;< .? -'.; '.'
468.tacres;'at;a*cbsV..of'$9,447,220; and";r.tf:l>
thatV.of<;t£is>fexcluding. 52,024Tacresj [s'^A
the.!holders .of-which .Jiadicompleted? i5 ';
purchase,1*"the:' area 'thei'h'eld-Mfrbm.f^.K
"tlie,ccrpwg Sya's' 257,349 a'cres; by!'l\o6^." {.
individuals. 'The^ only*estateE-repuf-,;_:'"
chased^during" tlie"::ye'ar;fwas North-r- -7, '
Bundaleer, •.-comi)rislng...22,320-acres,'-' Ay
This >as "subdivided "into ,54; Wocks\'V s
and tW whble'area-_wl'th..ttfe exception ' './
of 1500: acres, surrounding ,tli"e ;home-'-., *
stead,-which ,_Waoi'withheld^wa's -al-x','.-'
•lotted.'. ^ . '";■; ; T. _. ,-.',r :'yA-"' "y^,7,
A "Before- the- government"*- Tacquired 7 C
the Restate.",for.^closer ' settlement,"'I',;
states the surveyor general,- "the.nu'm-,- ,,,, -
ber of persons "resident and employed '^ i.
on the whole area-would riot have '
exceeded 500, whlle^from- the Infor-     .„,
matlori from the proprietors when the' I
estates were repurchased it was found;';' ,'
that" there ' were  346,000  sheep,-. 818
horses'arid 312(^cattie' on the,land,-'.,
and very little'cultivation wus being'•
carried on. , ,     '•"';""   .y'''f-".    y'"'
'"On June 30^ last, on,the .area ,stiil «
held from .the "crown, (tlw holders of -
.52,024. acres ,liad -completed-;purchase .J
of-this area would"' represent ■'& popu- ;.
latlon of ^'at, least ,400 .persons,! or'-*
about; 70 famlles)' tlie're was a popu-, I
latlon of M900 persons including child-},'
ren,; 121,012 .sheep,;8259 .horses and -.
8908 'cattle,'; in* addition Ho  between,-. ,4
7000 arid 30,000 pigs and nearly;36,6oq';'^ ;/('
poultry"""' "'   "-"'"* •'-'    '■'"      ■   '    '""-.' fi
about,40-children, were not -attending;
'school, owlng<to jack of accomodation,
and'arranged for the equipping bf a
THIRD room, as the TW,0 rooms used
throughout 1912"were both full, . *y
" The statement ln regard \o. the increase, of. salaries, and .thejsalarles pf
the new teachers,' Is erroneouTln all
respects but one, and that figure wid
only "HIT UPON" by chance, as the
salary of-the teacher lri question-was
not declded-at the time theartlclewas
written.1''. .''.,,;,,.       '/..'".
The statement that Bellevue cannot
dispose of Its'debentures, because" It
Is not a village, Is another Invagination
as far as school matters,are'concerned, BELLEVUE IS A VILLAGE; the
general reason given by financial
agents Is the "tightness" of the. monoy
market. One agent stated plainly
that Investors woro not In favor of debentures lBBiiod by n district that was,
Domestic Difficulties Caused by Bad
; Coal'Are Retate-i—Cost at ,■"', -" s
"" .',  '.the Mines.. X''     :
•   VANCOUVER,'.'Maiv:li:—After hear-",
ing ^further and ■ numerous ^complaint's;
abqutxthe coal .trade ,-as'conducted
,ln'.yancbuve'r;' the" RoyaP Coal.'Com;; y-ft
mission,. Mr! :.W." E:,'.Burn's',-' adjourned-'V ^
its ^hearings^:- '■"   *-?"'' '. A. y.X lA'-'iiyj..
■. /The "witnesses, heard yesterday".were*..'1;-?J
Mr.;. J.'-H. .McVety.^bf..th'e.-Trades.-arid.'
Laboi: Council, Mr.'■ Georgo>',Urquha'rt,-'
;In'reply to the statehi'onts,that the
Miss Borry. has resignod„her posl- 1!)12 trustees'mnde use,of every cont
tion as primary"tcachor In Iho school ,t,10y could'grab,', and also that tlio
horo.. The people of town as woll as' rftt° of taxation would bo Increased'to
tho chlklran ' oxpreas regret at her meet tho additional, liabilities, we beg
(leaving.  Sho has been here flvo years to say that we havo gone fully into
, nnd lias made n groat success of teach- tills quoBtlori, and "find that after all
' Ing a room that is cosmopolitan In Its outstanding accounts for JD12 nre paid
tho books show a Burplus BUfflclont to
mootany Incroasod liabilities, and also
.   nunv  bliu   MUttllllllllg  Ul  UWAU  VyUUK. "'""»»»   lllMVUBUU IIUKIIUIUO, UUU UIHU
O, V, Grace Is now bartender at the Pay ft"' current -expenses to'August,
1918, which practically medni' that the
*■•!•««#■*»«««'     IIVIVH tm.^.-r,      *immm_,^_    ^lUWMVUd/     ll(U»IIB    I>(1UV    till
A number from the'outside towns now board will havo ono yoar'B rovo-
havo been coming io our burg .this nu° with which to moot four months'
past wook to attend tho big hardware expondlturo,   In arriving at this deol
alon wo hnvo not taken Into consldora-
Tlio liardwnro poopljj' .aro leaving, tion any "UNKNOWN" arrears of tax
tho PasB for pastures now na soon as "■*•
tho sale Is ovor,     , Tho statoraont that mon with faml-
Harry Hoborts, dnrlRwyor, has had Hob havo loft Dollovuo, to locato In
Ills rest disturbed this weok by having other places whoro better educational
tho plaoo whore his offlco was located Jollities obtain, Is absolutely false,
and wo ohallongo tho writer to monr
Tho writer, of tho artloio In F«6ro'.
Tho report has boon oonflrmod thl* MV Hth Issue, was careful enough to
flAlr   fti*i   4\**\   /%44*MtB    M*....*....u~.ui.   «..»      IfAAtl    AlAAM   A#    *tti***.m**.*mw*l*9   mLIaL     ^  ..»tj
wook that tho Ottawa government has
appointed n«v. J. F, Hunter, Baptist
minister at Blalrmoro, as suh-collootor
of customs, Ho was Initallod In bis
now posltlnn on Tuosdny,   ,
Mlis Lillian Thomas of, Frank iio a
rooolyod a position In tho Calgary hoi*
pltnl anrl loaves on Friday for thnt eity
to take up hor now dutlos,    ■•
Oormnlno Olblon, a llttto-flftoon^
months old ch!lc| dlod nero last Friday.
Tbr. fiMiiirtil *i.i\h l*t*ia r« «,(.._,»,,.•.»
nonw—To Mr. nnd Mrs, Vlncol Tlu-
ilcka on Pobrunry 2Bth, a ton.
. BORN—To Mr. nnd Mrs; Mnetntyw
of Dlnlrmoro on March 7th, a daughter
clan struggle between,labor nnd capl
tnl which is shnklng tho wholo social
fabric td Its foundation.
/Tho Socialists, recognising this fact
In thoir philosophy and In their pro-
gram, aro organising along both economic aud political lluu* to m«*t and
overcome this fundamental contradiction which result! In the fabulous enrichment of tha few nnd Impoverish,
ment of the masses by tonquaring tho
public power, aoclalltlng Ute productive fnifhlnrtry and tho' mcaua.af Ilk,
and establishing worldwide democracy
and brotherhood.
lteop clear of statements whioh cou'.d
b© contradicted byfact*. so ho made
n sweeping statement of this deplorable (T) conditions of the dlitrlct,
which statement Is about on t\ par
wlthono made by a reildent of."Tl6l|-
ovuo,fto; tho minister of education,
stating that there woro 300 .children
of SCHOOL AQR not attending school,
whereas a census of tho distriot taken
at that timo, showed 318 children
rnnHwW- in tirtr* frcfti'"W!TC'P.V7 TO
FtrWlUN YWATIB, '"•'     '•'*'* *
In conclusion wo beg to say that
wo have gono fully Into the matter of
the conditions of tho district, and find
thnt finances, school equipment and
nrromndntlon nro In much tirttor
shape than for some timo past, and
can only be Improved by the awWbf
the debentures, aud tho building of'a
fouKroomod school, , „.yj>»
We'beg to draw the attention Of tbe
rate-payeri'to the fact that If they1
aro in any doubt whatever as to tho
truth of the statements made herein,
we aro prepared at any* reasonable
time to verify the tame by extracts
from tho books Of the district.
We bejj^to remain, * r
Yours tmlf,
,m ,.'„   W'J: ^l;3iJtP,l!i'!r^n'i^
''".'■ W. H. OffAPPBLU Jr. i.
* ...  ■• ■
>TF}V.- HrSmith,'- Mr/R. H^Gregor,andJ5^|
Mrs'. Elizabeth.Moore who told of he'r"-^'.!
troubles 'in^trying.'tb;'cook aind heat:-'.
with ' the'. materialx* furnished; her' by" s
dealers/under the guise of;coal:   yr' y
Many , complaints, .were 'yolced ^abi" ,
out the dishonesty of the drivers" whom ''■-. /\
the dealers employed aud;thel'r prone- T,f!"1 -^
ness to cheat Customers'by riot ,'dellv- -
ering thq proper-number bf,bagB.v     -'
' The price paid, to .'the miners'' at ;•
the ,, various ( coal-producing'-, centres":
onTancouvbr Island are .as" follows:".' ..,
stated' Mr." McVety; _At Cumberland,'.'{'
the miners get 82,1-2'cents for'mihv.":-■
ing 2340 pounds;;at\La"dys'mlth thoy/.
got 82 cents for   2369,. pounds':'  ot",
Nannlmo in" the*upper seam 74.8 cents"'
n gross ton of 2240-po'undB^and ln the.;.
lower seam 85 cents n gross^ton; Theso -
mon have to buy their own'powder, he .
stated,' which costs,them;2b ^ontfi'-a ^
pound In' Ladysmlth; SO cents In Cumberland-end 16 cents ln Nanaimo,,. xAz
.   Ho estlmatod that It cost tho mines.,.
|1 a ton to mino the coal, wash.lt and.
screen it; that'It coBts 25 cents'n' ton
to bring It from tlio Island to thomnln-
land and gayo as his opinion' that fi.GO,
would bo.sufficient to covor the coBt
of (lollvory In'most parts of Vancouver, mdklng tho total $2.75 por ton for
tho cost up to tho finished dolivory,     '
Ho wont on to state that ho thought '
tho coal companlos wore taking advan-
tngQtof tho pooio nnd dumping screenings and Black on tho public,, uafng\tho ,
plon.that tho strlko was responsible for '■
this stato of affairs.  ,
The trials arid tribulations Incident
to trying to hoata house and (]o cooking wore graphically toid by Mrs,.BllE-
abeth Mboro. She stated that she bad *
ordorod somo coal for which she paid
$7,80 a ton and whon she burned tt
the stove was left full of clinkers,
When asked by Mr. nurnn* what am- --
ount lri a ton wont Into clinkers she
stated that It nearly all burned up that
way. Asked as to tho,burning qualities of tho coal, Mrs, Mooro said:
"It was so poor'that I couldn't cvea*
cook a bun or warm a pan of riillk."
Tho first wltne'u was Mr. John B.
Croly, O. R, who told of conditiona In
Fort William, where the price of'bl-.;
tumlnoua coal in ,tho buyer's cellar.
was $5 a ton. This coal came from
the United States, he said, and had to ,
pay In addition to the duty, a fMight
rate of $1 a ton.  Tho same coal here,
hi» atati*ti *nf,n*a*. r,tt n i**,.,' ,w,t^^-„ , .,-
tain area;        ' •' '"
Professor Odium advocated tho establishment of a'commission similar. '
to Canada's railway commission, out-
aide the influences of politics and of a
IMitmiRMtt'TiatnVfl tn itunn tnh nn ibt*
cost of production, transportation,
price to thb consumer, In fact all mat*
tera permitting to the Industry so that
tho people would got fair treatment.
;. He also came out In favor of having '
the Htotltih method of each coal wagon
carrying a scale to weigh tho coal In
the sacks beforo being dumped Into
tho houso, so that ahortagos rould be
discovered by the consumer. The eon-
sumer. at present, he stated, had so
cheek ott the coal companies from the
time the coal left the yard until It
waa delivered and It waa common
knowlwlate lUat the drivers wor* pilfering one and two bags at a time and
selling thorn to the street hawkers.' ***h*ta«>!
^:THE DISTRICT, E$I^^ 15; ^j\-
i *x" y^xASA^ -*3.ms >-V<£%i&> jp^^Wi*
1>;'*2*Jv A i^ *** w ^;c ^ „*vs. <>f >. •
^, tG» ena. Blk\rR'o6rh;5.RoaVand Rlvef-
i&xmksir-txry^^y^A^My-^ x,y-
%dfcw&<* XXXXxy>Aflz^j:j. > x\ A
5r*i ■„
r <■*1 iii-xX^XlX^^x ■:-Kyi*."V
r w , *  y^X Tx       * *        i*   i.       ^   « -i ^1 ^ ^
Beware j)f
Sold on;the
Merits ofr
. bride van's; Female Pills
'''- ''A reliable French regulator; never fails. These
1 pills are exceedingly powerful lu 'resulatin? the
--. generative portion. o( tne female' system. Refuse
- all cheap imitations. Dr. de Van's are sold at
,- »5 a box, or t'iree for $1(1, Mailed to any add/ess.
4,1b* Soobell Drag Co., St. Catharine*, Ont.
jfXSX^Xfyr^AiXy^ ■ J-X-,* .y
font prbuv§'par.'leur couduite qu'elles
1 sont plus capables d'employer le bul-
-letin' de vote dans l'lnt^ret de I'human-
jt6 que les milliers^de voyous qui se
permirent de les insulter et de les
attaqiier.'.'' :,> '-
* In teh .14,000 dolarjev so krvosesi
dobill-'ri'azaj'Ze drugi dan potoro izkor-
is5anja svojih 2rtev.
' "j^2?1.^ n:?s s gladom, o Gospod/Ce
2e moramo giveti pod kapitalizmora-i~
toda\','mlloseirie" iz rok p"rena2rtih pl-
Javk-nase krvi-resi nas, o Gospod!!...
Dol s charity!
•j . - *z    j,
.   ,   ; —Proletaree.
A. McDougall, Wgjs,
; jYpu'realways welcome here,
,:• Clean Rooms; .Best",of:
M -V' Fdpd.fand'^.yery'"...^
», *•-   i. -"->   ■ "-' ' "-.''■,'."!;,  -X~..i. -. ;**.
Wholesale^ Liquor Dealer
■ A    '"   ■  X "        0
j-Dry Good3(iGroceries, Bc^js and Shoes
' '^'.■'.; Geiits^Ifur«isHirigs'.'    ".
Manufacturers of arid Dealers iii all, kinds of Rough. .
and Dressed Lumber
■■ f \"  r        ' \r -    >.JtX:^      <{   , '
Send; usvypur orders
,'Nobena'delavska ofganizacija'v Ze-
din^enlh dr?.avah ni pokazala toliKo
napredka Injtollko vspeha kakor cr-
gahiza'cija premogarjev "'United Mine
Workers of.America." Letno porofl-
lo''zai9l2-predsednii5a John White-ja
in'ostalih'Clanbv elcsekutive mora nav-
dusiti-in nandati s ponosom ne samo
slehernega premogarja, temveC tudi
slehernega delavca, katerl se zaveda
svojih razrednih interesov.
Clanstvo prem'ogarske   organizadje
je'stelo 1. rS96t\96l7; danes stej8 If.
M.,-W. of A.. 391,000 dobrlii-eiinov
Organizacija" je neprestauo 'napcedov-
-K„. -.."BEtLEVUBl' ATberts-V1-'..-''
i,v -*''''   '""   '''   '      ' '*"' ^   ''7x «'*',.
ye  *m , -i', I i iittti,i-     * p-, **.
S,      * i>-   ' J ,,,,,,-
7a,* Aa""* l' '  »   :',     „ A
;, eonvonibnee
'.rvand"-';-   '  '-
Malta tliat taAto like'
mothor used to cook
Best ih the Pass
: i" Jos. Qp«fton( Proprlstor,   ,'*■
' * ' 4, lit ^1
A XyAi'f^'ih'eJ'Pass hy '-, -
\ x Excellent'' Cuisine* -'•
and Hairdressing Parlor
;       «- , .._■•; -\i--
Billiards', and Pool *~
Lutich Counters
' i 7 7'.-"
Ban Wallace :".-;• Mgr.
, -i    *     "       A    •'   '<   '        t  ''
; Liquor Gp.
r    " ' *    i-i   '' J k   ■*"       -t      *,*
|^^^M^|       A   V    i
'     * ,   l     ^ 'it* .      *  i X     ""   \       vJ
'-WboWsalo Dealers in
. '**.*■ ■    .      A '': i'l*"
■i » ti   *■! '   , j '     <0 ^ (i   4>
■';:'"Vyine's"^:'':  '
'   i- 4   ' i '  •»■
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention.
'    t*'     ' m'
List pf Locals District 18
*- -    / -■, ^V^-  *r J* ~ *      \ "    ^-W-x
.,Dans ce journal nous avons toitfour's
malntenu.-.'que la classe ouvrlere", de:-
-vaiLs'organiser.sur le terrain - politi-
que,'comme surle terrain economlque';-
que.'le fait d'etre a'ctif dans un syndi-
cat nedevalt jamais empecher un ouv-
rlef de'eombattre avec la'meme actly-
itel-Ies„explolteurs dans mr parti poll"
tique^de.sa classy; qu'u'ne administration .socialists pouvait aider les ouY.ri-
ers dans leurs luttes contve le patron-
at'alors que'l'on 6tait. tou jours sur de
trouverj une' administration capitalists
contre" la'classe ouvriere"   i        v>   ,
"Depul$_ des anndes-nous' soutenons
cette'.these et,a tout'moment 11 survl-
ent "Ses, incidents dans' lai lutte des
classes"qul'prouvent-d'une facon In-
dSnlable que nous-$vons ralsori...-.
,   La semalne pass6e, a Pateison, ,N.
J.,." 10.000 -ouvriers des manufactures
de soie'.se sont iiiis en grevie.-iie maire
de, cette yhle/^lu po'urtant par les
"votes "des ouvriers, est un ennemi'ach-
'lr?^,.de la;classe ouvfiere>t'naturelle-,
ment son" chef de police lul ressemble.
Us se.'haterent d'arreter plusieurs. re-
Prtseritants.de^union industrielle've- promoga   ttavno'zdaj je imela oreani-
nus-a PateVson; pour encourager les  zacija  hudo-'bltko'v West WIridnm"  -r7J "Z-^Tn "luu,,lu"s aPa irac"
.pvistes, Les Anions,,-meme dans  Wor se premogar^LTtrase^ tr      ZtL^\\?_^T!Ph T
les «lle8.Turent Vendues,       . prbtl premogovim -dru2bom, oborofen- ?    '    * t0 be S°' de"
A quelquesi.minutes.de marche de imldeputijem in milici.- Prevjalislej ho-
Paterson se .trouve le village de^Iale-  do premogarjl v West 'Virginiji zma-
razmere • med - premogarji
u. Al. w. of A. je ves fas od svojega  ance of being well looked after, he is
postanka v,neprestanem boju z baroni a beautiful piece of scenery.     '     ' '
So is the delicate moulding and trac-
j _       t 4 . „ - w        «- -r   vwu       i  ugmiji     Ui.kt(X~
don dont les habitants moins hetes gali;= delavci, Id imajo jia seboj tako
que cetix de Paterson oiit (§lu un maire mb'-oCno organizacijo', morajo zmagati
socialiste, le camarade William Bruek- kljub vsemu nezaslisanemu tiranstvu
man.   *,.   *   j-^_5-< -„r, - premogovih, druzbin vsem brigand.iz-
Alors que le maire de Paterson, le ani krvizejnih pinkertovcev
protege des exploiteurs,, faisait arreter
les or'ateurs ouvriers, et d^fendait aux  izplaCala 6ez
gr^vistes'de se r&inir, le maire social
iste ,de Haledon.invitait les-grtvistes  go, toda Ce unija"2e gre na strajk.'ne
a se rendre dans sa municipality" pour odnehajo -premogarji zlepa
tenir leurs reunions: leur- promettant.
que si les cosaques de Paterson ve-' mo^najvspesnejsa, temvec tudi najpre-
"naient les%ddranger;H". les' feralt" chass
er par la police de Haledon^ ' -
v Oh non, Vl, n'y a-pas de-difference
entre.les 61us.' A '■■■• XA> ., i,
■ ,Le maire'de Paterson'envoie la'po-
flce^isque'dans Ja sall.ejdes grSvistes
et ^it'-arreter.les '"orateurs.\'-Il.'fait
en^outre confisqu'er, quelques, millters
d^exemplaires ,d'un journal , socialist^] ujjJL-tol'ikI^ci^i7s7nllirAol •
^i"ayuit-7cp^mis*le crime de prendre
fait et cause pour Iesgrevistes.'et fait
arreter son/rddacteur..-. ' ■. " y v""'
'. Le riiaire socialiste de Haledon in-"
vite les gr^vistesa se rdunjr chez lul
et proniet.de les faire protdgej par sa
police.    . ' .-.   .   .'"       "      '   ,'
. Pourquoi 'la police do Paterson per-
sdcut'e-t-elle'les'gi'dvistes'alors que la
police de'Haledon prend leur'defense.
Pour' la simple raisbn que. les poli-
ciers sont'des employes' Qui .suivent
les" ordres ,de ceux dont depend lour
emploi.'        ' '   ,-' .   ',    "'
l- SI on augmente leur salaire.-pour
avoir, bris6 des cranos' de gr<5v|stes,
les cranes 'do grdvlstos'-seront-brlB^B.
SI on augmente leur saialre pour avoir
brls(5 des cranes de patrons-lis brls-
eront des cranofl do patrons avec le
memo entrain,i Bt o'ost, co quo.trop
d'ouvrlors ne semblent pas comprond-
ro. '   .' •    ' -
Et c'ost co quo no cqmpronnont
pas non plus—a mollis qu'lls no Io
cotnpronnont trop blen—Ics anarchist-
os qui aldont a <51lro un candldatilos
patrons do pr6ft5rohco a un c'amlldat
do la classo ouvrlere.
premogarski organizaclji in pa" v
W.^-F, of M., ki" zdru?,uje_rudarje ,na
Zapadu." Premogarji- in rudarji sploh
tvorijo najboUzavedno'delavsto v Am-
eriltl. ^U. M. W. of A. lzdaje tudi svo-
je 4edensko ghisilo- 'Miners' Journal',
kbredno informuje ,61ane,:o, soclalisti?--
jiem gibanju.
Premogarji so. si ustyarill vellCan-
stveno" organlziicijo in ustvarjajo na-
prej.   ICednj jih bodo delavci drugih
lndustrij dohltolt?-   , / ' "'  _",
Vsa Cast vrllm prcmogarjem!
La vllle do. Wnshlnfeton, T.,0., n'ou-
bllo^a pus do Bitot journdo du :i mars,
1913.        ' .
ho brllliint ot Imposnnt cortogo for-
md do uillllors do fommoa, doscondnnt
riivomio I'ohnsylYiinla, dopuls lo monument do la Pnlx jusnu'iiii Palais du
Trtfsor; la fonlo ImmrnHO do spoctft-
tourR ontlio'iiHlnHtOH ildpiiBsant tout co
quo Washington nvult pu voir Jimquo
In memo rinmimirntlon dos notivoimx
Pi'Osldonls, In hmvouro ot In dlgnltd
iIoh mllllors do fommos qui compos-
alont lo cortcifo dovnnt los Inmiltna ut
Ion quollbots mnproproH d'uno litindo
•*!tlo voyous ot do Houltinls qui H^tnlont
iifiRoinblila pour dlsiiorsor In (ltfiuon-
Ht rn lion, lo niatiqno (To protootlon do
In part do la pollco dn. Washliihlon,
sont.(loo fnlts (iul.no u'offiicoront pa's     *  »-...v..hi "w
lift blontot do la mdmolro do coux qui «0,,tJ,J nre«lel«vljnll skupno boRnstvo
i„„  r.nn'»,iii« i-i—j-..
.V mlnuleni letu je U.. JL w! of A.
$700,000  pbdpore straj-
karjem.   Strajkov slcer ni hl'lo mno-
Premogarska.organizacija pa ni sa-
dnejsa—vstevsi. -Western Federation
o, Miners'—med vsemiuiiijami tAji-
eriki. U.'M. W.-of A: priznaje vasnost
delavske politidne akcije in nestetok-
rat je ze poziyala-premogafje, da na]'-
obr-volitvah glasujejo za kandidate delavske—socialistifine stranke. ,N'e vr-
jamemo,-<5e,je v kateri'drugi delavski
;...!*: 'i_*i-il'   .-.'%..    '   -   <- '    '-
Chicaskl ,'vlsjl stlrlsto' so lmell pred
kratklm' 'charity ball,' to jo vesellco v
drobodelne nameno. - ~A.
•■■ Oo jo ?.e kaj na svotu, da rn'zpall
krl" normalnemu filovolcu, je gotovo
"chiirtly .ball,)' kivtorega prlrojajo od
Casn (do ,6asa VBegasitl milio.narjl 'v
kbrlst rovcXom," Nl dovolj," da brnz-
dusnl.kapltallstl glojojo proletarco do
kostl In Jim sosnjo krl Uapljo za lmp-
ljo—tomvofi' nnzndujo so so' krvavo
norfinjejo Iz isscsnnlh rovoiovi V raz-
kosno, oklnfani dvoranl iiboro' se ho-
gaMnl s svojlml Sonnml In hfiovaml, od
katorlli kar sljojo nnkltl Iz zlnla In dl-
Jnrnantov, Mlzo so knr slbljo pod nnj-
drailjlml Jodlll In sampnnjcom In Uo
so boKiitlnl poRtono nn2ro, pado nn
inajhiiom odru zastor In klnoinatogrnf
polcaXo nn pint mi sllko /,n sllko Iz ftlvl-
Jertiln bodnlhi ljudl. GohIJo v fralclh In
danio 7, hlBonilml ovratnlcaml zrojo
rav nodiiBiio iin to sllko. No pro Jim
v plnvo, dalo Vnj tnlicga mokoto In
mlslljo, dn Jo sploh vso to donilslJIJn;
nil pn vfinniojo vbo skupnj zn sport
knlcor hi glodnll footlmll," Zastor pndo
In gj'otjo no ponovl, Konfno so knj outline od irctjn, so isvoll odbor lxrnokn]
ilnrii, kl oHtiinoh ■/, vol I It I in pompom lx-
ro(!o iirndiilni churllanom, tm to nnj
Ki'o' roveSom! In UnpltnllHtlfino ?nKo-
plsju ptom hohnn todon dnl, kollko
ninslTilli rovcKov Jo okorlslll "clini'lty
linlll" i    ■_
Nu ziidiijinn "linllu" v ChlciiKl nn
* ■ ' "
The Lord of Creation' in his cwn
home is a very different body from
what he is. away from it. Out in • the
big busy world, he struts this mortal
plane among the othor forked rad-
isho?, just as though he-were entirely
K-sponsible for himself. Out on the
street, down on the job, or .ih his
union n.eeting, with his chest swelling
niglf to bursting with altruism,which
drips from his tongue just as easily as
hek.rgets it, HE IS IT. ,   ,
Ub upeaks with glowing pride ol
t;.c lot HE has bought, the house li'c,
lias built," and the family HE has rain
-.-tl. and out of the wealth' of his ca
p.ic ,v for self-deception-finnlly conies
a belief ihiil he has" made,him what if.
is.'' If his type were the exception
instead of the rule, opposition might
chasten him to reasonable, proportions; but his malady Is a male affliction of nearly all his-tribe.   With
of herself and her husband, but for
the sake of tho future of those who
are'looking at her in - saucer-eyed
amazement as to what the problem
can be that Mother is so thoughtful,
about.       .. %
Men,'- in their abounding conceit,
flatter themselves they understand the
underlying causes which are responsible for the. iniquity which makes a
gamble of the lives and happiness "of
women and children; but if ever their
wives get as wise as men believe
themselves to be—then heaven help
the'hapless wretch who iu his-folly
would hinder their work of redress.—
B, C. Fe^derationist.
v vseh driSavab.   KJor so vstale
nove podrufctce, tarn se je'kmalo poka, his-nicely creased pants, his spotless
zal yspehr in izboljsale so sc delovne  linen shining with eloquent testimony
of wife "and wash-tub, and hts appear-
pends. upon tlie foundation which
holds it up. The. secret and the foundation of the average man with all his
barnyard antics is not; himself, but
his wife. In his heart he knows it ani
.so do all his kind, but by mutual rr-
rangement to,, tolerate each other o
bluff, .a conspiracy :» establisteJ <o
hide the idol's feet. That's all very
well, and the world passes it by with
a smile as an integral part of Its dai.y
humbug. -
"So may'the outward shows be least
, themselves,   "
The world is still deceived by ornament." t
But" it is good that the working class
should render. to Caesar the - things
which are,Caesar's, and give to their
women folk the credit which in this
matter istheir's by right. The organized labor .movement stands to gain
more  by. that  thanr many  of those
.. (tO.     .     ,   nNAMb SEC, and P, O- ADDRRE88
». lilt - Uanklioad ,  F, Whon tley, Hnnldiond, Altn.
481   Beaver Crook .,,.,,,, D, Komp, Uonvor Crook, via Plnchor.'
, 431, Ikllevtio ,.,,.,.,,,,.. Jamos Hurko, Uox 80, llellovuo Altn.
21G8   Blalrmoro....,,,,.,,. W, h, 12vans, Blalrmoro, Altn.
Hiii   Durnils '.  .T.   nnrhvfhlro  Onrwfn   Alt'.
2237   Cnrbondalo.,.,;,,.,,, J, Mitch oil, Carbondsle, Colemau, Alta.
1887   Canmore, ,'..,, N. D,|iThncliuk, Csnmore, Altn.
203ft - Colomnn ,,*,,;,, W. Omlinni, Coleman, Alta,
2877  Gorhtn,,,..,,.,,*,\..., J. Jonos, Corbin,B, C,
1198  Clilnooki Mines, Wi It, Hughes, Chlncmk, via Diamond City, Alt.
3178  Diamond Cltjr...'..,,. J, B, Thomhlll, Diamond Oity, Lethbridge.
2311   Fernie Thos. Uphill, Fernie, li. 0.
1883.Frank .»..,,*.,, B?anMo«*n,Frank,Alta,
2137   Honuikii-.,,.,,....,, *. W. ttelderstone, Hosmer, D, O,
., I06f  Hlllcrest,.v,,,,,,,,,, Jaa, Gorton, HHIereit, Alto. .
*H  Utbhrldte h. Moore, iTIi Slith Ateane, N. Utbbrldje.
1188  UJibrldfe Colllertei.. Frank Sarrtnxbam, Coalhuret, Alta.
1881  Mapte Leaf.,...,,,,., John T. Wllllami, Maple Loot, Bellevue, Alt*.
UH  Mlchsl..,.. M. Barrel), Mlclel, B, O.
,v  ti ytunint Ulua,. Wta.Uyud, Itkan V, 0„ Taber, Alta,
Wl' Pasitmn,,,,,. ,. A. Zaakar, FiaMtarc Alto. -•■
UM  Royal View,..,,..,,,. Oeo. Jo dan, Royal Colllerfef, LeUibrldie, Alta,
1«8 •mber».i.;......^,.;'A"*F»«*rW^,ftiWlv'AieiI,""li
Ioh ont vus,
La condulto do uillllorn do fommos
nmdrlculnos, a WnnhliiHton^ lunill, no
pout nmnquor d« hntor consliltirnblo-
niont lo Jour' ou lo" suffrnRo dgnl scrn
nccordiS ii tous dnns co (inys.
Lo suffrnuo dual pour los iIoux.hpxcs .
n'ost d'nlllours oppose quo par dos nc-1
Uu,ui.i;i<;i> «|tit out iv corvonu ntroplil6 |
nt ;i:ir )t y ilAiKui.i li.*, iilut, \il* Uu in
pojiulntlon nmrirlcalrio.
1ft* Kons ttolirt* et honorable*, tx
Wnnhliigtnn, npplautllsiinlcnt ou du
wolns trMtnlont nvoc roBpoot liss fom-
rrc'; ';■;! cCtan^tAittut i« uiiihkc Ls
lie de la population, srtle des rigours
et des ddblta do bolasons lnmiltal(, los
fommos et essaya memo d'arreter la
Et la "police, si active quand II s'nglt
do prot^er d«s .brls^tirn An grovo,
brlllalt surtout par son absence et
semhtalt et?o A'ar-roni nvoo los voy
ous de la vllle. 11 taut erolre qu'elle
a peurqae al tee fetnmes venakmt a
avoir le droit de vote elle perdralt la
belle eource de revenue que sont pour
•lie lea malions de dlbtuehe «i lee
maltons de Jen nui'trowparant tnnt a
*Vna chose est" catrtatne/ Ut mil-
Hers de tamtaw aal parttdpereat a la
Maonetrttlon a Waabhuten, land!,
fiOO'nilllonov iloljirjov
VrodiiONt   prlHot'nili drnguljov $10,-
Oblckfl $1,000,000.
LlH|i In koHluml $100,000.
Ovillinlcii Mm, McCnrmlck 8250,000.
U plji^o In Jodlla $10,000. "
Dohodkl "bnlln" $1.1.000.
tVlljilU   btlOHk)   ^ll.tMII),
OiUltf **i "tlutity" «H,U00.
rercho Jniomro por una nils-
era glornntn o sotto II gloiro el-
tml? Porclio non comparo 10
aero dl terra o Invornro i>cr vol
stessl da cut no nvoto I mlfjllori
fruttl o potato cronooro la rostra fiindsUa itilaKKlittatniinih?
NeU'ufflzIo abblnmo como pnt-
ovo luU«ii! dn p»Tnon« di fiducla
Cbo provono con fnttl I (randl
proiressl  rhf  hnnno  attenttto
collavorb sul tfirrcnl,
„P«r laformmlnne rlrolfetevl
Johsan-Fslconsr BtoeU
Vleteris Avenue *    ...
ihings"1tT)rofesses To prize so highly.
'-What does the wife of the average
trade unionist know about trade-union
ism; "Let union men answer that
truthfully' and tbey- stand 'condemned
out-of.their own mouths. They know
their -^ives do not understand much .
about trade unionism, and the fault' js |
not -the woman's but the man's. lie
wilt attend the meetings of, his union
and wax eloquently enthusiastic over
problems concerning his class interest.
Then whon he gets homo his wife
mny ask what he does at' tho meetings, and what the men can find to
talk nbout "until this time of night."
There Is his chance, but nine times
out of ten he will put her off by. adopting nn nlr of superiority which Is peculiar lo his kind, nnd ho will say,
"Oh-all sortB of things, my dear, but
nothing thnt you would understand If
I told you, plenso get me something
to ent." Tho poor fool Is digging his
own grave If ho only know it. By n«d
by a strike comos on, his weekly
wagos cenflo to*.como In, nnd tlio fnm-
liy rosourcos havo to he administered
with skill and cnrofulness—but by
whom? Tlio mnn? No, no, ho Is too
buny with whnt ho considers larger
'affairs, nnd tho wifo hns to do nil tho
fidiomlng and planning which nro tho
rules of tho worst giiino on ,enrth~-
making two short omls moot. " ;
Sho (loos not hoo why tlm strlko Is
nacossary, bocanuo ho hns not dono his
duty by Instructing hor In tho nffnlrs
of Undo unionism.   It Is nil vory woll
i for him to sny that If Is w>n»sinr.v Him
plioiild oxorclso economy nnd frugality
nnd providing thnt womon understand
nnd vnluo tlio object for which thnhfr
things nro ondurod, thoy nro rnpablo
of ten llmofl tho self sccrlflco that men
nro. ,  •
Hut If limy don't know boomine tlHr
hiiHhiuiilH hnvo not told thorn, then
won hotldn tho worker for his mfisll-,
moiipo. Ijvrm thn pntlonco of wives nnd ,
mothers Iiuh Its limit, and tho bent
iciiniwr ov enrt'i In JlJroly to brcflii
with too much fitrnln, Thou conioi
nagging rind hlcknrliig, and domestic
dlfeord dlvtdltiK the. hou»o Of lliu
worker ngnlnpt HMf In thc hour of
moHi need, Who shnll say how ninny
union men hnvo lirokon tliolr nllegl-
nnen to thoir nrpnnljtntlons und gono
hnnk to work n« scslm ruther Hum en-
diiro any longer tho complaints of
"''"'""    "!..   ..,uM,   I.....   ...du.i  «mui
I them in Mm lfi"t   illl eh  if  W,)   lyu]
|only beon Inuglit In lime what trade
| unionism stood for!
;    It should bo posslhlo for thn women (
1 folk of tho workers to bo In tho clou- \
1**1 tniifb «HMi tin* ,~~,ir. ;:-!itt iuMt<
moot. It Is not oloqucnoo or entlinsl-
asm, nor Iho mnsnotlo atmospbaro
which pnrvadoH tlio union montlnrs at
strike time which wills tho strike. It
in tbo bread reserve of tho family
which determines the ability of tbe
*ork«r to endure tbo struKKlo, and j
*hen the time comos to tote for *trlfco l
oi no strike, tho ballot pap^r should
be put Into the apron of the wife,
for sbe Is tbe admlnlnirstor of tbo
family resources.
And In tbat hour. If she understands |
wfiy the fight ts necessary, and the)
groat working- class morement of)
| which her husband Is a milt, she can i
be rolled upon to put forth all ber re- ]
tmrttt la the effort to go one more
«t*p forward, not only la the totmst*;
Plan Suggested for Vancouver—Labor
Men Dislike Name.
VANCOUVER, March 11.—Andrew
Carnegie's laudable determination, to
rid himself of his. burdensome wealth
beforo he dies promises to meet with
a further obstacle, likely to be put in
his path by the Vancouver library
board. The board, proposes- to refund
to' the Laird of Skibo $50,000^ which
lie gave some years ago for the erection of a library buldng here.
Vancouver's Carnegie library was
erected 12 years ago, the millionaire
advancing $50,000. Since that time
the site has become immensely valuable through the development of surrounding territory, and it is now proposed to sell the.site and erect a more
suitable building on a less^valuable
location. It is felt that the only way
in which this may be done is by pay-1
ing back to air.' Carnegie the amount
he contributed towards tho building,
with interest for the period-tho city-
has had It. This-would free the'board
from any obligation no maintain the
present building for all time.
There is also a deep-rooted objec-,
tion held locally to the designation, ■
"Carnegie Library." In labor union
circles there is a " strong objection
against the city., being indebted for a
public building to a man whom tliey
believe to be opposed to organized labor. It is probable that a vote of the
rate-payers on the-proposition will be
taken. ' • ■ 7  X    . ■ ■>
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Some women make an^effort to assert their independence by abusing
theit_hus'bands. ———«5— ■—
Through    history's    early - records
right down to the present day, sterling
manhood has commanded .first.attention  from  tbe  fair  sex. • Every  woman admires the* man whose physical
bearing stamps him a disciple "of ancient Hercules—.ml n iui.n of power   •
amonij men.     What luindc-cs not i'lvi**-
primd  "f, a  rug'sod ccu:< itutlon—feel
ennobled with the experience of per'
feet vigor in every fibre of his makeup?   Listen! DR. METZGER'S BODY
BATTERY has put scores of men in
this enviable position—endowed theai
with virile and full exercise of their '
masculine   powers.      It   will  do  tho
same for you.    It Is 300 per cent easi- <
cr to wear than other apparently siwi- „
lur devices—400 per cent greater in    ^
efficiency—contains electric batteries'-,,
not burning acids. '   It is sold nl h I
low cost—no unnecessary frills to pay ■.*
for     Losses cease with its use. -Its
eueivoting, energizing influence cure
Varicocele    and    kindred    ailments.'
A girl may toss her head even Jf sho
can't throw a stone.
- David Building, 326 8th Ave., East
,    <•   CALGARY.
the Best of
Fine iSeckwoar, Sox, Cups, UnderwcaiySliii'ls/'Suits
Trunks, .Grips, Boots & Shoes, come to
Jarpes H. Naylor, Bellevue
Kvorytiling solrl with u guiimntcc thnt if not satisfactory, you can return it ni.d got your monny hack
Insurance, Real Etate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
BocauBOthoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho timo at
**t**a *»■*—
•   i nn
^tP   1 Iwl P"%W ^ ^^n rasa   » "i^^a*" >
8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONG 41
J O'jnZ V.'MZRC 0T1»CK<1 iikii.
M*ny fly.I'V-nlKl.l quBck* ndvrrllio* <-ur<* and matrni-nt* (hat prove
only * temporary atlmulani and li l» only t* tuMU-r ut limn Mil ih«. «iil
•yiniitoma rvturn, My cpvrii yearn In mie location iiravo tliat my
method* are wmulna and my cttrf* Inntlntf. Mnny of my i-nlletiU have
eome tliroiiRli tha recommendation* of tl.'tr frlemU whom I have euml.
My 1* yrara' fixporlonee run Me* m«i to <1Ihkii<i«u your case properly ami
effect a permanent cure. All «li*ea*ee of men are my upeelalty, re-»tnl-
1*** nf how tirntc ittati'tlnv,
To Out-of-Town
I Invite j«ar r«rre««
pond*i>ce and rati pre-
trlba tor you by mail u*
will aa If yu« ww nif
r»*rmma>t\». Alt l*tt*ra
heM eonfIJ*nlliil *n.l
given my eteaeat p*r*t>-
nal attention,
Expert Urologist
210 Hownril St.
Spoknnc,       Wmh. im
--^W^'* ^-i?V
^UrV""-    -■*"
r.-^irffr r," -*: .-?«*. s-.-wy-
^     |j ' ^J"'     >*
4:1 H" ■"•-••:-
fix - '
W"-'   .
•■*,< *■
The Easter season is now here, everyone^ want^ somethirig;ridwrVe have mad6 special prepa^^^ Department
complete.   The array pf Easter novelties in our Readyxtfr-wear, ahd Gent's jifornbKingsDejraift
New York or Paris.     We invite you visit our store and seethe big stock of New Spring Goods"we have just opened up.
Mens Fine Neckwear
Beautiful shades in the real poplin ties. \        The latest Novelty* in Derby and Four-in-
' Plain colors, new shapes at'. .50c, 65c, 75c, $1.00 j'lJnnd Ties.   Beautiful ties in plain colors with
fancy Roman stripes on.knot and end:   These
New ideas in Batwings, plain shades with \ are distinctly new.
bordered ends, at ... 1  50c and 60c
See the new Club Stripes we\are showing.,
AVe also have made-up knots'and bows in 5 Tliey are exclusive and very stylish made,ih
great variety at.'. 25c, 35c, 50c, 65c. > tubular style, will slip through any collar,- 65c
Men's High Class
"THE      BIG      STORE"
Mens Sox
Men's Fine Silk Sox. .65c, 75c,'85c, to $1.50 pr.
Mens Sweaters
Made from very.fine cashmere. Just the
sweater for spring and summer weather, . Made
in grey, maroon, olive, navy and black.'Also
all the heavy Jines. *
Men's Coat"Sweaters, mado in fine cashmere in new color combinations.
' ■ Boy's Sweaters in all styles.
i ,
Men's Gloves
x      Shirts and•'"fttei^^^':'^
.' "' ^nrtrtrtnr, nn n n n. n nnnnnnnnn   ' X - ' '- -   '' * .*' -'- ^     - "
Our stock is complete in every detail?. Try L New negligees with stiff band; in great varic-
ournew negligee witirFrench cuffs and collars \ ty of patterns.   Fast colors. •    .• -   •"'  .
to"match. "Beautiful new designs and all guar- j    '"*.   SPECIAL SATURDAY .$1.25,
ante'ed fast colors.'."*'' .<*- '.'   , <      , Other lines $1.50,1,75/2106,2.50, and 3.00
New* Shapes in the Best
Men's Braces & Belts; L Brands,of ^collars
 ~ -"  /        '    *' '      *       ' "' * "^ ' ''
.     „       ,- v       Cluett's-Arrow'.brand'/",
All styles in men's arid boys' Braces. ^ .,  V .'  Austrian J .Brand
Police.....,.;. .35c, SOc,. 65c, and "75c pair j ~\ . w# G & jr.-Elk.brand
Fine Braces.. .35c, 50c, 65c, 75c, and $1.25 j -    7 -^ j fe ^XaHtle brand •
invisible, 2 point. .35c. . 4 point. .50c.
Men'sBelts ^
Shoe - Department  '      \' ■ .-Men'S B—iu every:styieand color,- with
 ■- •-*--■ -' * ' greal, variety of trimmin'gs. ,;  Sizes   32-to;4G.
_-.-.■ ., Prices ......35c, 50c, 65c, 75c, 85c) $1.00 to 1.50
In this,department we are particularly woll ...
prepared to hieet'the'demand for'the last word
in fine shoes for both,men and women-.
Men's Lisle Silk Sox, all shades and
patterns .'.."; .3 pairs for $1.00
Men's Cashmere Sox, pure wool
' 25c, 35c, 50c, 65c pair.
Special Sat. Only
,      .It is.just like dollars in your pocket.buying the Invictus shoe.   <"\Ve* have, just opened
up' theliiost up-to-date linesof shoes that Canada produces.    .Fit and wear =is guaranteed.
Every pair is perfect fitting and really classy.
These shoes cost more mqney but will outwear.
*"pHIS style' is-known as Model' \ any other make.
, *    28 in the 20th Century Brand I        The bargain table has been filled full of
Very. Fine Dogskin and Mocha Driving I line for, Spring, '13.   It's tf three- | odd lines.'The prices are cut in: two.   Don't
Gauntlets....... .$2.50,« 3.50, to 5.00 pr, > button-style, with very smart lap- ("overlook this' money-saving ^jjportunity;
-. £ els,' fine shoulders and cleverly- '       "      "'
draped'skirt..-The drossy young
Fine Cape Dogskin Gloves..$1.25,' 1.50,1.75 pr,
 t  y ,
Fine Mocha, unlined and' silk lined, perfect
wear guaranteed..$1.50, 1.75, 2.50, 3.00
Boys' Belts of-all styles and prices.
Ladies' Shoes'*\ . -y
A uev,' line of ladies' blucher cut dongoliv
kid shoes just received, sizes 21/** to 7.:. ."-.$3.00-
Also a new, line of .ladies button shoes ii
-jfine dongola kid, sizes ly* to 7.' Price;.'. ;$3.25
Ladies' Tan Shoes, in the newest.lasts-in.
botl\ lace arid button styles:.. .$3.85, 4.00, 4.25
Infant's Slippers
-JLicavy-\v ooraoxrworth" ou~cenl.s"
' "andN\vill-also-appreciate the fact < •        *■■*■«•• '    .■••-*...     ..      J well made ra either; tan,'or.black. - -Those' are
pair, on sale one day only at... .25c pair      FURNISHINGS IS COMPLETE
-that it is 20th" Century Brand .*■   \& WOMEN'S Spring FOOTWEAR I very special value:':.-: Reg. 60c and 75c fer 353'
\ '
it ,
','•■ '■
•a* ■    ■
fl <
iii  :
lit'-   *■
TITe will put on sale  Saturday and Monday only, a line of'best Imported Tweed arid Worsted Suit^ in. all tlie new shades and .put'oh tlie
latest 1913 models   Every garment ABSOLUTELY GUAR ANTEED, these suits are wor4th while.      ■    : .     ', ;i^
Special  Sale   Price   $ IS. 00     (These suits will: be  shown in our Clothing- Department)     Special   Sale   Price■   $15.00
sl > . """■*. A '"■ ■-*  ■'•'■'.-    -'
\ .       , . _ ^ , ' '     '.   ■ .,,■"■?.- n    "    - (r"■.•-;,. •
We are special agents for the 20th'Century hand-tailored garments for men made to order,-we guarantee a perfect fit and perfect satis-
faction, prices are moderate.     Call and leave your measure while our our range of samples is complete.
t   •
Shepherd Check Dress
Now black and white Shepherd Check Drews
Goods, full lid inches wide. A material that will
laundor.' Uaerl Qxtensively this scuboii for Indies'
and children'.^drosHPs Special at 25c yard.
Another .shipment of Cotton CropcH nnd Drew
Zephyi'H in all Iho newest patlenis und colors, 2H
inches wide,   All fnst colors 15c yard
New Spring Styles hi Stetson Hats
N'ew plain colored Liiieni) SuitinijN in wliitc,
tan, l'l'scdii, Copenhagen, nilvy, lirown, nml old ruse.
They are !M5 inchcH wido nnd I'nst coloi'N. A niiilci'-
inl in coiTcct woiglil for ■suinmor suils,.. ,35c yard
Lace Curtains
Just 20 dozen piiirs of rcnl fjjii'c CurlniiiH. rwli
2'/o ynrds long, tnped oii^o, in ncnl piilteriis. (!nr-
liiins tlmt nro Hcrvini'iiblc nnd worth twice the inon**
»y Saturday Special, 50o per pair.
Bleached Sheets
^hnt.s of «-xlrn weight of i-tAXon. Mn«le vith
iicully licnniH'd cikIh, free from drcsHing und full
si7i> !M ftd vif*r Tifltr
A rrftl (5-cnrd Rinootli finisli HowiiiB Cotton, full
'Ml ynrds on ont'h spool.   Kxtrn strong.
Saturday Special 3 for 10c
Wc hnvo just received a ni',w!comploto
range of Stetson Hats for Spring, 3013.
All the now shapes nnd colors ciin bo
seen in our display. Look thorn over
boforo Knstor, and pick yqur choice.
Tuxedo Jinking powder, 10 tr/, IB
2 in 1 niiifliinu, ''■ tiim 25
(junker Outs, 5 lbs, with china. ,    .25
HiviiI Whcnt Kliikos, with aliinn 35
Kollcil Onis, H lli. pkg 30
Koliin Hood Flour, 08 11». sndc  3.25
Co\vnir,s Aliiple Muds, 1 Ih ,v   .40
Uluo Itilibon CoCi'e, 1 lb. tin 40
•|\.»1,»yV.  i'ni.m\    l'_  11>   1\*\ 9H
^ceiled ^iii«;^« V.' ov . M ]\V;f1.'  9,f\
f'ii)l;iiiii ltnisijjM, 12 oz., 2 plfg.w ' 15
Frtin-y TaW»» Figs, 1 11) 15
OriiugcH, Kiiinll Hi/.CH,'.] doz 40
Urn Mnvii Amitf«! 1 box             1 .9.5
Kinu' I'.dwnrd Sardines, 1 tin 10
Doincstic Sardines, J tins 25
Holland Herring, 1 keg  1.00
Fivsh Fillets, 1 lb 15
Fresh Finnnn lliiddio, 1 lh  12l/2
riili-lcoii Wheat, 100 lbs  1.40
Tuxedo Jolly Powdor, 4 plcgs.. ,■;,,,.;' 25
Crosso & nifU'hwcirs jMarinnlndo, 4 lb. tins.,.    .65
Swift's Kmpiro Hums, por lh 21
Angolin's Olive Oil, 1 gal. tins  2.25
Whites Hoso Toilot Soa|), « for 25
AsKortcd Toilet Swnp, G for 25
Furfoct Lamiilry jjonp, H for 25
Hlnck Foppiir, Vi tin, » for; 26
Totlcy's Spooinl Bulk Tea, \i lbs  1.00
Tomntoos, fl Hi. tins, 7 for  1,00
llolbvook'a Marafnt Pons, 2 plugs 25
1 iinnjiN. an lus. lor ,,,    .20
Wo will havo a largo nuortmont of Cut Flow-
era iuul Plants for sale tho Saturday boforo Fiaster.
%^a^*.^^^%^ i
New Embroidered Marquisette   nnd   Forsian
I/awn,Waists, wilii hand-embroidered frojUs.-.Mado
with long sleeves and both hack and front fasten-
ings. .Wo cannot emplmsizo the value of .this par-
' liculur lino too strongly Eaoh $1,50
; New Spring Millinery
Novcr liefore has thoro beon shown so many, distinct stylos of huts under ono roof in Fernio. Hats
of nil shapes and Mlm Stylos from Paris, Now
York, Toronto and Montreal, The color combinations nro Uio newest. Tlioshapes nre I lie Inlest und
tho trimmnig of tlio best, Visit our rondy-to-woiir
parlors and try the new stylos on. Note the prices
compare the values and convince yonrHclf that this
is tho ono storo foj; millinery.
Hats from $2,50 to 25.00
New Buttons
Tlio now Crystal Buttons in white nnd colors
for trimming dresses and waists,   All tho new col-
uii,, himjn-r, ami AiiK.n,    i*iivx»i mmi, ,iGv> to iuU UOA,
500 down assorted sized Pearl Buttons, with 4
\ -,
holes , Special So dox,
Store of
.* "awW'"
^ipwmm—HBTtM1- rim——*"--—*


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