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The District Ledger 1913-11-08

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Industrial .Unity jg':Strength-
:No. 11, Vol. vn.
I ■/):■
The Official Organ-of District No. 18, U. M. W.' of A.
headings or
' this>aper((*. •'
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W> S882?'
X. I
YT— ""i —" "<"MU>"^ ■ucimJiis.JJi.JtiMjm;, a. O.,, NOVEMBER 18, 1913.
A.-JBob   Walker Speaks to '-'^??^^^
49- ' . 9^3 -*** » .       VI ^99    ^ *      ~      mm .*^ * H     M       — - >-    7 T ■■■W     « *V -**■» .-_ _     _ [^
$1.00 A YEAR
Crowded Gathering
^       .» Speaking^for some 65 minutes -to a
■     "' -crowded house last Sunday night, in
'■'• the'Grand Theatre, "Bob" Walker explained the position of the coal miners on the Island and the reason why
,•  . Bowser and his hirelings were so de-
■sirous of-placing the leaders ia jail
,    arid stifling, as tliey Imagined  the
,   growth ot the Socialist movement" on
the Island-.   This,the speaker claimed
■was the reason for the severity of sen-
* ten-ces (and the continuance of the
' ■    strike.
'Comrade WV L. Phillips, who occu-
' pied .the chair, introduced the speaker.
" with a few explanatory .remarks of the
' , "Socialist position.' .' ,"
1   - .On. 'rising to- address the meeting,
Coincide "Bob" Walker was-received
,'•   with1 applause.   He was, he explained,
s"   from Cumberland,* at which place" the
r  miD,e workers were on strike at pre-
sent.   Tp them, however, strange as It
-'   might .seem,.the strike was a time of
peace.   'Previous to tha strike they
had no agreement,   The-conditions un-
■der which tibey -worked were those of
- abject slavery—a continuous  round
'-'of .working and sleeping;   Men, when
.', starting .work; did not know how much
■    per 'yard or ton they, would receive,
but had to take what it pleased the
.bosses to give.' if they kicked—veil,
they took the consequences.
One  particular  danger about   the
.mines, however, -was the -prevalence of
/explosive*gases  and  the  numerous
■ small explosions. The mines, for some
reason, -which the speaker could-not
explain, were not subject .to very extensive-explosions; but although these
explosions were more or less local
they collected-thedr, toll of life and
. . limb pretty regularly.--
iWith the Introduction of .the U. M.
W: of A., a gas committee was.form-
•*  ed and the strike was the result of
the report of that committee.    One
„ John -Mottishaw, who was'a member
:     of the1 committee, was discriminated*'
-   against in a most deliberate and barefaced'manner.  iWhen he had finished
^   his .place in the mine - he was 'told
there 'was no more work.-  The man-
_' agement, followed, this man to- Cumberland, -where he obtained .work from
a contractor; hut he had only worked
. .three days when the contractor -was
.   compelled to fire.hlm. ■ As a-resulf the
.• -union took up his case and.used ev-
.ery possible means to get.htm rein-
-stated., but to no'ayail.- 'The govern-
"'    ment-was annealM fn hut  in *o*ni+c c;
ithe fact that Mottishaw -was tr^ng^to
'-   uphold jind maintain the laws enacted
'by the authorities/ they .refused .to
;. consider .the case and, far from de-
"'fending him, they upheld'the, com-
, .  Pany In. their infraction of the .Mines
-Regulation Act.   The'result-at this
. -treatment was the "strike.       ',
■ •, '-Having forced the.men;to'striite;- the*
....-■next tactics of the operators was-to
^ use every possible means to aggravate
and incite the'strikers to commit a
breach, of tho peace, and the disturbance of tlie Island w-as the 'culmination
' of tho operators', efforts.
The speaker told the audience the
* correct version of the disturbance,
how two days previous to -the trouble
rumor had it that the non-union men
' "'ntena^ ''-cleaning up tho town," and
•that the union men were fired on first
„ -by the strikebreakers, Directly the
-Tiring started, some six or seven union
men -were on tho street, and naturally
0 .-when they .heard bullets whistling by
-  ahelr ears they fell flat on tho ground.
Their friends Immediately got tho lnv-1
passion that thoy were seriously In-
Jured and telephoned Nanaimo for as-
siBtonce. What-was more natural than
that the mine workers should go. as
they would- do in the ovont ofan explosion, to tho assistance of their fellow workers? Thoy came'and. the
scabs fled. There wns a llttlo damage
dono to property, but no one was
"The .next day Bowser sent 60 ape-
■ clal pollco 'to the Island.' The miners
Jmd seen somo things that these thugs
nnd blnckgimrds hnd dono, and: know
whnt lo expeot trom thorn; thoy would
havo none ot them. The specials wero
ordered to lino up on the wharf and
„ <tliolr ombloms stripped'. Thoy were
also rollovoil of their weapons ami told
1 to got hack—which thoy did. Another
lot was sont and they mot with tho
samo fato,
The next day n sto/nnor nrrlvod at
tlio wharf with the irillltla aboard. Tho
miners, however, allowed theso mon
. !?i * buttho ■oldler-mon wore very
visibly scarod, and upon a,minor go-
j Irig up to one bravo soldier hoy and
aayJng: "Give mo that gun I" tho mill-
Ma man mookly handed it over. "Havo
you nny ammunition?" wns ilomtndad,
*Pi .9.«n,,nnt 0"o ropiiod In the nog-
atlvo, rhe miners could havo mopped
tho mllltla landing, assorted tho speak-
or, hut thoy lookod upon tho soldiers
a* tlieir (protectors nnd wore content
tlmt thoy would not commit the ox-
cejfM that tho specials hnd been
kui ity or,
Comrade Walker went on -to review
labor conditions the world over, ffo
explained the position of the Soclallat
and their formula—the matorlnlUt
conooptlon. Conditions chnngo<l, but
Ideas were not chnnglnR with tin?
iiamo Tnpldlty, Ho outlinotl the early
i'Malory of socloty and tho Incongruous
£MMon of omvloyor and omployd, nnd
.'.' V S.9»AtAA.f u,vv>0'io «»uu out OI
•vmivaMiy MiMr-ntilootfl n\ui y\rv.'n^\n\"
mimt bo,
Tracing the poiltlou of the mino
worker* rrom general manager down,
the lower they went tho grentor and
moro dl«proportlonnto wai^'the tank,
hut each laborer In th« vnrtmio t»*»nr»«.>
wrovo io persuade himself that ha was
bolter off thojn the man boneath him.
Thiii went on right down to the driver,
the loweot c!«m of mino laborer, and
ho, whon arriving at tho -pit mouth,
»aw tho out of work and- gathered hi*
•horo or oon»olntlon from tho fact that
ho bad a Job!   (LiMntlttur.)
Mnny of tho minor* whom the com*
pany had Imported from the OM Owin-
iu*'^}11" u""'" u,M'*'r lho In»pre«»ion
that they would teaoh thorn, how. to
dl* ooal, but when thoy nude a tiuii
ditcoy«red condltiono were vwy dl(.
fewMilr-In tnd, nnite a few coufd not
(Uf fioal, and -a Chink wat told off to
HfL^iht??'. Th,» *** «<» rauoh tor
••nnth* ivM*.» Thuy fttitt tni mat-
od to Wft tho V. M. W. ol l\ ifiii
««aln thoy MoeiTOd nriothut thonM.
iWhen they learned that the U. M. W.
of A, ^-as-open to all and that men of
all nationalities were contained in'lts
ranks, they said it must he a "British
union" for them to join.
' The small store keeper could not
imagine, why,the miner strikes-why
he shouldnot be contented. They had
not heen in a mine and knew nothing
9I"*?n?i'!°?s- ' The speaker illtistrat-
ed.the^r (tho shop keepers') position
Jn society to that of the intelligent fly
T0', ^hea he fe]I Int0'«»« Jam pot
cltaubed' on tlie .back of the other flies
and reached the top, from which '(position he looked down on those beneath
and wondered why they were so fool-
ish as to stop there.
m^i'-S8*01® 'pourgeolse .capitalist had
-resorted to science to increase .production and secure a position in society
1^2l lSO a!so had ^ Proletariat to
fn -^w 6cl^lce t0 ^"nehis -position
la -society. The capitalism had given
them an education and thus helpld to
diapel spiritualism   and   superstition
Iff?^,™*8868 and 'creat« materl-
a ism. Having done this, however, they
ST* a«lt-^»«»tton was \nl
oung the worker to grasp and under-
stand his position in'society.' As a result they built and endowed churches,
attending them in person;
But there was one'.point they had
failed .to„ grasp, and this -was, while
vrJiJ**fS,m tdisPla<:e error, lt was a
very different matter to. displace truth
with error. -.
' .Tne speaker related the instance of
the -militia surrounding the Jliners'
■Han with soldiers and machine guns
and-expressed the opinion that all
■tney wanted was an opportunity to aggravate the men and cause a disturb-
-XV (wl? wa9 uot the slightest
■doubt that the stage .was set and the
cast .present to repeat, on a smaller
scale the -Paris commune. The guns
were loaded—they.swad.ted, longed and
■hoped for a chance or excuse .to fire
Tlm*, ,These 6ame ®oWier boys wanted to kill—the desire was there in the
tenseness and whiteness of their expression. ■ Had- the miners lost their
head for a second—had. there heen the
semblance of •disorder-tften tliey
would-have-witnessed the bloodiest
massacre ever recorded on the American-continent.' -The men jwere to
he congratulated for ..their forbearance.
The speaker described the action of
the militia that nlght;:andthe thor-
ir\IlP"J-m,<**Lan:i_-r,r-H*V. ...VJ_i_jj. _*_—
for. incriminating evidence and found
the 1500 defenceless/ innocent men.
Why,,asked the speaker, was this
done? ; Because • they . had revolted
against their,slavery? No, they had
not revolted against their slavery, but
against the'severity of same! -
^-'Reverting toUhesdleritific'sIde of
■ value," the speaker treated- his hearers to a few lucid and instructive examples of use value and exchange
value in their relation to society. The
use value of a miner was how much
coal he could dig; tlie use value of a
soldier how many slaveB he could sub-
due, and the use value of a politician
or editor how many votes or minds he
could sway.   Labor pdwcr was valued
«LI,0WMM,ueh",,t-t0(Jk t0 feed and
*™Jt th£.woi;k'OT a'»<l Propagate the
specie. Two hours was the average
wherein thq1 laborer could earn an
equlvalen to fill these needs, and the
balance of the day's labor went to tlie
employer. Taking figures of the com-
mission appointed- iby the Canadian
government we find that the .worker
in .this country produces $10 per deim
and receives 92 back. In spite of the
extravagance of capitnlidm, lt was
found Impossible for them to use the
remaining ?8 of production. It, could
not be sold back to the worker, for he
rocolves only $2.00 and cnn't afford to
buy back any more than enough for
his Immodlato'requirements, So this
over production! Is sold to other conn,
trios; to countries that nro not so fnr
ndvnncort in development — China,
' ,4)il?l ct0, 'Rfl«enlly the powers loaned China n2C.000.000. Now, this does
not go lu hard cash, but Is sont to
Ml na Jn the shape of machinery, stool
rallH, etc. „ The speaker pointed out
the logical coiiBoritioiico of this, viz.,
■that in a very fow years China would
uevoiop her own resources-and, as n
Inn lv*0?111 il0t wu,t owtolilnory,
in Is, etc., from forolgn countrlos, and
this would .menu the loss of another
market, a Hiirplus stock of commodities, -tho oloslng of workBhops and un-
Tho result of overproduction and un-
employment was dlecontont, To divert the nttontlon of tho mnHBOB mid
Jnl«ta i'^y mwl«>t<» war wns noces-
«nry, ihla meant Incretued nrmlog
and nnvioR,
tiA^ul VOBJtion on tl10 l8,«"<l. nxnlnln.
fmi °i,eft.uror' m* tllftt tl,l» Soclnllit
Lttl'm1 b<,onfvoiV netivo; thoy hnd
■lartort tho worlcor thinking. Tho Con-
■nrvatlvo imrty/renlliso that thoy havo
to do uomothlng to maintain thutr
position, which has heen threaten**,
and ^hi» was tho secret of the ugRreg!
»lve and reprogsivu moaauron they
hnd adopted and tho prolonged strlko
llowsor and hl» snlellltoa wnntod lo
run Uio Socialist out and the Jailing of
in mnn'ff lonrters nppcnled to tlioiu as
the likeliest motliod,
Tlm *»i)«ik<>r rnnoliidnf*) hv ihi^n.*!,.
exhorting all present to study anil
IJJjjJi -.W i,,,t,,,v.',u;,t«*d, it VMM Utlit'J-
liHoly nrcpssary that they have a
knowledge of thoir position Jn soelety
and tliolr utrengtli lay in the puwev
8lon and intolllgont uso of that knowledge,
n   . 1 *     tt .   , ,.        ,
■■-*.* ...I**, -k.,-.\.*.^«.ikt,ui.rttt i-Jti.trl
.Member, District 18, U. M.W. of A,
followed with ft few remarkt, He
commentwl upon the prflsont unilottlod
atnte of lalior In overy country nnd
•tilted thht sovoral or the men under-
ffolwr Bontonco for disturbance on tlio
Inland were known to him personally,
Rome of tlicae men would not think
of committing a broach of law; tliey
Hv-H irfMMi. rl«»nn llro«, «ttrfv|ng at rtll
tlmHI to do right, Th-MW meii had commuted no crime—but they Vero Jailed,
Tho «p«ikw finished with an earnest appeal to all to otudf ond think
for thenwolvot, for their salvation lay
In thoir own buiAm and not in tho
hand* of any particular leader or lead-
eta.  .... *,
The following resolution wa* carried
unanimously hy standing vote-
far old Bird Wins Appeal
and $4.000 Compensation
Just as we go to press the following wire comes to,hand from A. J. Carter:~
VANCbUVER, B. C, Nov. 7.-The case of Bird against the Crow', iw p
pany was argued before the court df appeals y^l^Z <&?££ ^ ST
aid and Justices Martin, McPhillips and GalligLr sitting on theS i att aCD°D-
miously d^sed and the judgment of Mr. Justice Murphy 2taed £TZ v T*'
,K. C and J. J. Martin for the appellants; * A° MacL^n, E^Tc and A MnK ' ?*«
for the respondents   Decision in the Culshaw case has beei reserved -^0^ '   ^
It will be remembered that Harold. Bird was awarded $4,000 dam™ trL
ed while following his employment as a rope rider a  If   1LTSf ^ SUStain-
to deprive him of use of nghYhand permanently^' t%ll ^^^7^^
awarded a,mine worker in District 18.    ; ' . ' > ' ls.the ^hest damages
Sad Fatality
at Coal Creek
One   Killed
and   Another
Injured    .
will be a newtrlal.—A. Mac Neil
NEW TRIAL     '-
7.—Appeal In Cardemone versus C.
N- P. Coal Co. allowed and there
Every Shade of Opinion Unite in Condemning the
Bowser Clique for Incarceration of Island
Strikers— Vigorous Protest-  Strong
Action will be Taken
Had the Bowser government been the most ardent supporters of the labor movement, it'is"im:
possible to conceive any action of theirs that would
haye more thoroughly roused tlie workers of this-
continent than the brutal and disgustingly unjust'
Sentences that-have been passed on thc Island strikers. • „ " • ' -v \.
Their,-action has  been the. means of bringing"
every^ expression of opinion in the labor, world onto
 7-—: _-9v,99.^9 9...—i-iicit-av;i.iuju"ii.as_c*t;iiienTeci
the various factions, both political'and industrial,
in one solid,phalanx who now face "the McBride
oligarcy. -    . ;
~" v   t *   , \ *J"
^ The following; telegram and resolution from A.' .
J. Carter,-' wlio is at the coast in connection 'with
certain -compensation- cases, pending-,' on bWialf of'
the District, plainly indicates tlint what has been
regarded- as the one regrettable feature of the labor movement—dissention among the various polit-.
ic il and industrial factions—has been removed and -
at next Monday's meeting'the worker will take action en masse and compel the Federal and Provincial governments to liberate the strikers who have
been punished with a severity that disgraces our
much-vaunted ."British justice" and freedom.
(Special to District Ledger)
VANCOUVER, B. 0., Nov. 6.^A mass meeting ,
will bo held in the Dominion Hall on Monday even-
ing.next, November 10th, to protest against the"
vicious sentences passed upon tho miners of Van
of America, E. T. Kingsley for the Socialist Party
-of Canada,* and Robert Gordon for the Industrial
Workers of. the World, The following two resolu-
tions will be passed:   '   ,''"
• •''Be it resolved, that this mass meeting held
under;the^auspices of the B. C. Miners' Liberation
lieague.and including representatives of the following: British Columbia Federation of Labor, Van-
couyer Trades, and,Labor Council, United Mine:
World, the Socialist Party of Canada, the Social
Democratic Party of .Canada and citizens of Vancouver, protests against'the brutal severity of the
sentences passed upon the miners of Vancouver Is-
land and.demands of the Minister of Justice for
Dominion/of Canada that they) be released:"'^' ~-
"Be itf'further resolved that the Minister of Ju*
tice be requested to forward an early reply to the
secretary of this league indicating what action he
proposes to take.
''Be it resolved, that this,meeting condemns the
government of British Columbia for refusing to en-
force the provisions of the Ooal Mines Regulation
Act, which refusal on their part is responsible for
all the trouble which has occurred in connection
with the situation on Vancouver Island."
It ia anticipated that a large gathering will as-
semble in the Dominion Hall next Monday night,
for there are thousands of people outside the ranks
of organized labor who are disgusted at the insen-
i«^1.Jpa.B.t 'Veek lias '^messed no
less than .three accidents at tliis camo
2S Sone death and Ule -SSS
injury of three.
,°VVMda/ evening, between 7.30
™?u a ?c °ck- a» accident; which resulted in the death of Charlie Baboni,
a foreigner, and the serious injury of
James Stirling,'power house engineer
occurred, and called for a fpSffi
train to convey tlie injured men to the
hospital, Baboni dying shortly after
admission to .that institution. Deceased was married, his wife being at present in the old country. Stirling's injuries consist of compound fracture of
tne leg and severe bruises.
The exact cause of accident is not
hJ?^ !;nown' ^ from information to hand it appears that the steel
car used to convey ashes from the
lAnlf' ,°use to the ash dum'P brake
wigv°W11 'dashed into the toiler
?i?« « grains ot the approach of
the car was heard and it is not known
exactly   how deceased  was  hit, .but
n^linv5 appea,rs t0 haV€ been,engased
upon his usual occupation and wasin-
specting gauges when struck down
A"Jbry, consisting of the following
was empanelled:   J. Lyons, B   S
son,   Pete   Atkinson,   Harrv   Martin
fUarvdy^Ueh,eS' ,and TomB,£ltl?,T&
S   nnHl   « VeZlX1S the b0dy> a<3^«"-n.
ed until Saturday>evening, 6.30 <p.m
when they will continue their delibTr
ations at the provincial Court House
Fernie. '
A serious accident happened Ed
■Harrison, driver, employed at Ooal
Oreek, last Saturday, when he sustain-
«d serious injuries about.Iegs. The accident appears to have Wn caused
by pin working -loose and permitting
?~T  I,t0 <i,«»nnecL    The .car was
«^h !l nf dowiJ:an inclIne at th0 time,
and the horse-tacMng, caught the unfortunate man's legs between the car
and snafts.  .Whlle.no' bones are brok-
n^i„!.iMn3!lrie8 are of such » sert<™
nature that some time must elapse .be-
lore he returns to work. '
shades of working class opinion in labor and politics.
V. R. Midgoley, of tho B, 0. Federation of Labor,
will occupy tho chair, and J. Kavanagh, one of the
vice presidents of tho Federation, will speak on behalf of that body, J. W. Wilkinson will spoak for
tho Trades and Labor Council, Frank Farrington
and Coo, Pettlgrew for the United Mine Workors
Thos. Oreenal, fraternal delegate to tho Amori-
can Federation of Labor Convention from the Brit-
ish Miners' Union, will aooompany Mr. Frank Far-
rington from Seattle "to Vancouvor on Monday
morning next to be present as a speaker at the pro-
tost mass meeting on Monday evening under tho
auspices of the Minora' Liberation Longuo. This in
itsolf will assuro a crowded house.-A. J. Carter.
AVIiorons a numbor of the working
cIiibh on Vancouver iuland have rooolvod HontoncoB of imprlHoiiniont vnryliiff
from two yonr» to two months, with
flnofl amounting to 12850, nnd
Whoroas moot of thorn nro abBoluto-
ly innocont, whilst others woro trlod
on trivial and trumped up. aimrffOB,
Whorens tho clmrnotcrH of Mown.
J. J, Tinylor. i\Vm. Iinulil, Snm Outhrlo,
John Morgan nnd mnny othors nro un-
quontlonntily beyond reproach, and
AVhorena wo know <h«Ir crlmo Ib ono
pf championing tho onu«o of iho pro-
Itttarltvt, nnd
.Whoroait wo nlso know they oro hut
victims of tho conflict for -iwlltlcul
powor, .   .
Tlioroforo-bo It ronolvod thnt tho 80-
clnllHtB nnd momberB of thu working
claBB of tho c|Ur of jfonito In mnsB
'mooting .horo flRBemHiIod1, vlgorounly
proto»t agnlnBt tho unjimt nnd Inhu-
mnn tivnt-m-^nt nnn^-ort. i***i +n nmi.i...
of ourelniw, and thnt wo demand thoir
uni,\,:ii.Ulis,„U .vltiatm, ami
no 1t further ivsolvwl, that wo co-
oporato In ovory wny ipo-Mlbln with
Tito Jnnor»*,WbomUon Longuo of v«n-
courpr In ordor that our demand* bo
granted fortliwJUi. nnd
i'n: 1. iiuui*»r ruMiivod ih«it copIph of
UiIb resolution ho sont to tho follow-
Ing places:
It, ... norden, 1»'romler of Canada:
W. nowwr, Acting Pramlor for Hrlt.
Uh Columbli; W, h, Uobb, Minister of
Lnndiij I'nrkor Wllllanii and Jnck
PIiiw. Af. P. P.'nr thn mnnrn' l.itu*m-
tion Longtio; Tho \V<w«»rn Clarion;
Cotton^ Wookly; n. O. Podorntlonlst
and Thu nutria Ledger.
"BulM\yry_r «vn w»l|.» Subject, 7.3(5
VM„ "A tttrsngo mirek-nF ovontttn- "
«i« jowor "niii preach at hoth Borilc-
•* Erftnrbody wokomo. W. J. W
Quarrlo, d. A., Jiilnliitor.
iroBmor I^ocnl Union, No. 2l!i7.
w     U. M, W. or A.,
Novombor fith, mui.
To tho Editor, DlBtrlct Lodgnr.
nonr Slr.-Tho dtlennn of Jlosmor
»ro going to glvo a bimkot tioclnl and
dnnco, proceodH to go to aid In 1)Po.
curing ChrlstiniiB clioor ror thu «hil>
'Iron of tho iBliiiul Btrlkors, A» this
h a good eniiBo, thought you might
loflslhiy n,nkc « donation of tho nrli t-
Ing  '
Trusting to honr from you. uh wo
wish to got poHium out without dolny.
Yours truly,
Hoiilylng to tho ubovo roquoiit, «hnlt
bo only too nlnavoil lo nwilflt -thn Mo».
mor nltliions In bringing a llttlo addl-
tloiinl cJioor Into tlio Uvea of thoeo
wjoro Pftrents nro putting up bucIi a
• i.     «    "   •ao"'   *-t,-t'*'»9   tutl   U-UBJIlHlBlll
or ihoth <yiw>nit*r)r« nnd t'ovo'^nmfTit We
■would furthor suggont that nil ladloa
1W10 aro fluxion* to aatilat In thin worthy objen do to by making baskets
nnd poraiindlng tliolr m.ilo frlonds to
IHirclniHo thorn. Tlio I^odgfl-r will hnvo
n linmiwr *tlii>r<> worth hlddlnn' fnr ■
Tho .luvonllfl IkiHtonlupa proientod
"The Kobo of niamloon" to a lurirp nnit
«IH»rt»cuuivo uudlcnco on Wcdno^lay **,* 1, .
night.   MIhh Patsy Hflnry, tho -Mm ot 1?° Mo"r,Moy ■«•
wont whon BliolniniorUllzod tho namo       c«'np]"nt'rit<'d 0
of a certain young local drugstore
derk by comparin-s her own *'hdy.
killing"   propMislilM   with   fait,   tlio
youth'a ovldfliit dliicomflturo ahowlns
In a fada! line. % tilth rtmllod that i5
thf* prnwrtiful lohntpr.
tturt, yoiir'tiofldlng* and win ono ol
our handtfonie C'jirlHtmaa preaenti.
Openlno of New R. C. Church at Coal
ulSlt mw ,l)1,ll(,lnB oroctod on tho
iJ,nw„i!oy B,,,°. °.f t,1«'<!'"nP for (ho
11 Bt, when tho oponlng coromony took
ji. 1. « ai. Co., n wpooln train iwim nm
vuntngfl of by KorololtM. Among
•notabloB' of |.'crnl» woro hoo A 1
Hoblohmid «ml wire. Mr. nnd Mm
Klniior. John I'odblelnriplk, Mr. a id
Mr« (loorgo O'llrion nnd aovowtl 0
*>*Wding lights of tho ChiiiX)h of tlio
Holy Vmtty. Ftatlinr MI0I10I conduct-
«d tho aopvlcc. whilo Father Sownrnkl
u-nH tho eok-braiit, Tho prooopdlnm
rommonr-od with JUohhImr tho outHld"
0 tho building nnd aftorwunla lihm-
ing tho Inaldo, wlilnh coromony wan
conducted by lt«v. Mlchol.' John
Jiayak and tlm llmflwrn Pnnmc it.,*,*
>m tuirvtim, uw older Conroy bn|n«
Mon. MrB. Murphy, of Vi-ruli*, p^sid.
«d nt tho organ, whilo tho nolo part*
n?T\ **??* ^  8l(,V(, ■'■niUne and
!S"z M'Tphy and .M«H<l«mi>H Martin
and Turnco, nngmcutiM  by  varloim
■■ /....... „.\- inuj t ,*,,,,,,_, *, iHnr. lit
a row well chosen remnrks tho Itev.
41 St Michel apoko on tlm "Unity "of
tho Churrh," nolcctlng his text from
tno book of Romans, nnd mndo nn onr-
ne»t appeal to hia honror« to practise
tho toaehlnga of tho (^him-li In nvery
phaso of lifo. .Tho Church lur>|f of-
cupU',1 u. \«ry iproniliK'in iio'Mmoii on
I*!* ^!?rri,M!,oy ,w,° °f ,|10 rnntTnnrt
.--  on tlio expnlitloiiM
manner In whlrh all tho rwnilremiMifs
of -tho contract havo Jn-cn filial. TJ.<»
Chiwh Is equtpuwl with a flno aliar,
an organ and other Churrh ftimtfih.
ings, and we tt*:] «uro i-illl sopplr *
long folt wwnt to tht9 Coal Crwlt fn-
tt-rtiity. wo nnderstand that services
ara to b« held overy nkernat<» ftundny
at 10.30 «,m, snd Sunday Solio..l nt
2-30 *.n».
^Toe-vaHio \ra.a .brqitght down to" the
hospual from ytf>*i JSast' suffering
from Injuries to body and limbs'caused by collision 'with car load of.rock
■Although his,injuries^ stated not to
oe of a serious nature, it'.has 'been
deemed advisable to detain him in hospital .for'a fe\y days.
what -:are; you-.going to: do?
Editor, District Ledger.
Fellow Worker,—You are doubtless
■aware of the movement that ts being
carried on by the. different I. w W
locals all over AVestern Canada for a>
protest against the treatment which is
.being handed out to the striking minors of Vancouver Island by the.courts.
This local is- engaged. • in an 'nctlvo
campaign of agitation among the
craft unions of this city, both by send-
ng out circular letters and by addressing them ht tholr.,ibuslneas meetings.
protest that can bo .made would bo the
calling of a general strlko In all In-
dustrios nil over Western Canada and
we are trying to stir up a sentiment
In favor of thia .move.- .Now, you being
»r "onroBt re'Proscntnllvo 0t tlio U.
wJ;„i1 ' 0f A" UlG orff'infiation most
Mtally concerned In this ciiso, wo
noturnlly turn to you to find out what
action you nro going to take.
Wo pledge you our full support in
whntovor «tops H may Uio thought no-
cossary to tako to effect tho release
of our fellow workera from Jail and
prevent othors rrom being sont ovor
tho snmo route,
This Ib a hoHoub ciibo nnd It. is
up to nil unions to lay naldo all tliolr
awror-cmcos nnd show somo rail solidarity,
Thoro Ib one way by .which theso
union mlnorB may bo Ilberntcd nnd
that Ib by tlio iirou«*ed working clnBB
nil ovor Wnotorn dinndn. l/>t un got
togothor nnd nHHort the .power of lnbor atwl show the capltnllHts of 11. C.
nnd tliolr dirty tool« that wo uili no
longer wtand for tho por«ueutlou of
our moflt, actlvo momlwrs. Hoping you
will vlow tills (iiipstlon in thn minio
llKllt  UB  WO  do,
"Yours for direct notion,
Commit tor.
The camp was enlivened on Sunday
£fpnTpby,^ niartial ^tiums or
the Coal Creek-Fernie Band- under the
leadership of Ashton Yates I-Im
tions1 were glven'from the S'enis but
the -best Jrtece undoubtedly™ "5
£°»«s °/ ®rly which seemed to £
Goo 1 L vf °f SeVfiral of the «««««.
h<Sw v\\J°U *«».«rta«nly making
The apparatus ordered for Uie evm.
naslum in connection miu, the Club
arrived this week. Xow there will be
something doing, Mac.
The Juvenile Bostonlan* attracted '
iv^e,nUmberof Cr°ekitcs to town
Wednesday evening, *-,
Preliminary Notice
tht d   st *   , A1d' in connection with
1 Jme?b)'teriail Churoh lntend l« run
a grand concert on Nov.  isth . .Mr
John  Hewitt Is arranging the  proi   '
gram.   A good time is assured. Particulars later.
QmT1}6  c2n,,Tnii"ee   of the   Methodist
Sunday School appeal for. -the pres,
^W«?f1a ^v moT.& adults at the Sun- -
day School to assist In the manage-"
ment of the school.    The dearth of
teachers Is to be deplored
The residents of the camp would
like to know when the Amateur Dra- •'
matic Society are to give another con- ■
cert.   Now you .members, get .busy
Mrs.   Ernest  Niedig and   Mrs   H
™U™*£ Wer-& v*sltins frlends up here -
on Wednesday. '
The usual montlily tare of cars took
place on Sunday last.
Ellas Rodgers, Esq., president of the
coal company, was up here lii company with General Manager Wilson on  "
A large number of Creekites journeyed to town1'on Sunday evening to
strike."B°b"Walk€r  ^   «^}££' .
\ A case arising out of the stealing of
a mackinaw coat, etc., was settled in
fernie on Monday. The culprit is now,
a-saddoF-but-wiser-raan:   ~
One Week, Starting Monday Next
The repertoire of playn to bo pri-
Bontwl by (Joo. ll. Bummer* mid IiIh
clover -courpany next wonk 111 tho
above thoiuro appeals to nil vIubhvm of
thoatro won.
Tho UngllMh eomcily. "Tho llouao
Noxt lloor," with which Mr. Hummeri)
of the most dellghtful'Vinao "tn'iHri^'nt
»w.vnt >uaru.
"The aresd John tiantuii," ,» ilr.tm.i-
tuntlon of thn novel "rianton nnd ("o •'
(Arthur J. Kddy), Ib n utronit plnv of
Amorlcan Hfo ami manner*. Tho "chl-
eago atockyanls Ih (Iip wiif of tltf.
••wo .tun tm-ro m virility mnl ini|.n.
*-\yjn «very lino of tho play.
Orcen StocklngB," tho Kngllah com.
edv used by Mnraiirpt AiirIIii tlio last
WO IMIonf, will bo produced In nu
tuauornio manner. This gpiiulno gem
of a play is too well known to need
  .—„. "Kive_uoIiars*
and, costs" said .his Honor!
/The stork visited the house occupied -by .Mr. ami Mrs. Charlie Stowe
on Saturday last, leavinK an infant
daughter.   Charlie all smiles.
, 'Hallowe'en was celebrated up' here
m the usual manner, many residents
being unable to locate their own ash-
barrels.. _ ,.    .     ^, „",,.,; ,    . „ ..^
Satut<day last was a saint's day for '
some of our foreign speaking brethren and was celebrated in customary *
-We would advise the leader of the
Coal Creek shlveree band to get his
'members in training for next week, as
■wiero are aomo new weddings about
to take place.   Watch the Coal Creek *
flyer." v
Tho stork was seen in the vicinity
pf the team road on Thursday -morn-
Ing. eventually depositing his burden
at tho home of Mr. nml Mrs. Adam
Watson, leaving a son tto gladden tho
hearts of tho parents. Koop smiling.
Adam, nnd then some!
Thero will bo a meeting of all en-
titled to voto on tho School Board
held on Saturday noon for tho pur-
poso of electing a trustee In placo of
C. O'Hnlen, rcsienod.
Syd, .1, Horton, Knight of tbo cleaver
for 'I nltesAVood storo 111' Michel, was
via ting friPiidB up hore on Monday.
Quito a ehaniro In the camp, oh, Syd*
Rov. Mr. Philp waB unablo to tako
his work last Sunday an ho wnn siif.
forlng from nn attack of quinsy. He
expects to bo on, hand next Sunday,
nnd ns Nov. Oth |H u,0 world'H teiii-
pornnco .Sunday ho will spoak on he-
linlf of temperance and moral roform
nnd will rouucBt offerlngB In 'behalf of
tlio Bitnie,
Wo are -pleiiBod to report that our
oo«l (ilanlBt'B oyo Ib Improving rapid-
Thero was 11 flno diiueo Kivon inst
Saturday in uld of tho Corbin Young
AU-n'u Club, wliich proved to ha a
great HiiccejiB, everybody getting a
no ml timo.
.Inek Htownrt Ih hnclt ngnln driving
tlu» couipaii;,,H team.
Albert' Neiwniuii, who Iiiih Ihii-ii drlv-
Ing 11 terim for tlifl coal company for
the l.tHi two yenra, Is leaving town to
tako up a almllnr position In IHnlr-
mor*..   Wi* wish you good luck, Albert.
It wiih passed nt tho ln»t general
nwtlng of tlm Corbin Ucal Union,
No. 2K77, that any member absenting
lilmnplf from two mcctliigH will b<-
flnwl ?,Q ccnlB unleHH he can forward u
nusniiiililo exeiiHe,
It  wan (i\m decided at tlio snmo
»tw./*.H,i..    ti,     I,, . n. ,. . ,
centH ftHHOtiHiri-Piii to tlm IntPrmiMnnnl
aii« meiiiin.ru of huh Local wonder
wbftji it«. aw KoltiK to see thtt Dlstrlit
Officer*' faro* nmiin I mlpht -iiy that
overy ninn wnrklng in tlm mtne nt
proHent, wi-iulng tlio offlidalH and
one   mnn,   U   In   ih.    unb.n.   wlitrti
niH-mm   -ami l(i|- I oi Hill,
"Elicit' Iresou, flro Iiohh lit No, I mine,
got IiIb iinkbi hurt a llttlo on Huturdny,
bin ho is nbln to g<«t around ag;iln.
Corbin Im not v<ry Jnrgo but wo do
«<•*> ilfp,   Now, Jim, bo cnrcful.
MIbh Hiiiiiuib I/rekott (« up visiting
In r Msf.-r, Mrt T Owpti, nf Hilltop.
Mr*. l!.ik«r. of Spokane, Is hern vIh-
tlMt|,lr«fr6,Jh,ni'Ml, A.w'.l>''" li ilmu,i-!    "'" ""■ "' "i»'»"«^ i» nern vjh-
iisauon or the novel of tlu» «-uno name ' Ititu* (ht himkuid. who Is ntorokwriiT
n nn utcnullnu |il»> on » >«.ry di-
'"iSil!'1 "ub^ct- !>>' Uio Kov. K. I'. K00.
„,.T«° .now," a polltlr.il pompdy,
Llttlo I*rd Pauntlero)," .m English
»ucce»», and "The (loll miup." nn
American eommly, eompk-ti- a marvel-
lm»s list of jda j j,
AiH^nffi!1*! monthly tea of tho U-
dloa OalM of Christ Church will bo
held nt thn homo off Mra, N. K. Bud-
daby on Werfn-Mday, Noi. 12th. at 3.30.
hi* niiiii-i-
dt'orgv iVIii'n lilm tuk"eirover the du-
li<H of <l«tk lu tbo H.i!iio,id Trading
fttoro. <{«>orK*» Ik « lucky guy, ho of'eu
dropH in lucky for thn winter.
When nro w*» Rolni? to hrwt* the 11-
ewnfie for tho hotel? Wo are waiting
.*>.' -.imi K-mid tlmw.
Tho eomiwny intends busings as
they am te»tlng nil the eon! In tlie
nol-Khborhood and tito making «om«
fairly good coke considering the oven. Il'l
JlS - .
- ¥'
B ''
i if By Ernest Untermann
All business politicians learn in
their ABC tliat in order to -be successful they must be hypocrites. While
■working to promote business interests,
they must pretend to be the servants
of all the people. Most of these diplomats square matters with their conscience toy . .persuading themselves
that they can serve the common good
oate controlled-by a few Wall Street,
pirates. And not one, remedy against
this stupendous hold-up can be applied
toy the 'little business diplomats.
Currency Juggling
The question stares them dn the
face: If about one hundred yeaT& of
■middle class puttering with the money
question ;has carried the nation tfrom.
a small and inefficient national .bank
•best by serving the interests of busi- j jnto the straggling arms of a giant
ness in general and their own special
business interests in particular.
Nowadays we have two kinds of .business politicians in the United States:
Big business statesmen and the cockroach, or middle class, politicians.
Big business' statesmen always get
the appointive .positions in our government. If they .must ran for elective
offices, like that of President of the
United States or Governor of a State,
thev must publicly i>lay the role of
middle class saviours or people's
friends, aijd privately work for big
■ business by surrounding a*ll their official acts with the halo of a deep sympathy with radical reform.
Systematic Deception
All business diplomacy is necessarily fraudulent. It must foster the illusion tliat the good of business is identical with the common good. This is
a widespread, belief amoug business
men, but among business politicians it
is a consciously practised lie. Middle
class diplomacy is even more rascally
than'any other. In addition to the ordinary business frauds, it must prac
't'ice the ridiculous and lium'bugging
pretense, of turning the .machinery of
■human progress backward to out-
i  grown stages.,       i
"Back to Jeffersonian and Jaakso;
nianprinciples:" shouts the Democratic .middle class saviour. "Back to the
Republicanism of Lincoln!", wails the
Republican regressive who runs under a .progressive .label.
The principles credited to Jefferson
and Jackson were the product of a little .business men's and artisans' attempt .to prevent the restoration of
feudal aristocracy under the cover of
business. The everlasting cry of these
little.business'saviours was: "Competition is the life of trade!" The result
of their efforts was the passing of the
petty business stage of industry into
the corporation stage during the Civil
War. Lincoln, still repeating' the old
cry and guided iby the light of middle
class statesmanship, to'ok up the cud-
gels in favor of his, class against the
corporations. In vain." History stam*p-
ed all this little 'business 'diplomacy
as contrary tp progress, impractical,
ineffective, misguided. Progress -pass-1
ed from the corporation stage of industry with limited competition into
' the trust stage which completely wiped out competition for big business
men 'by. means of interlocking directorates, mutual agreements, co-operation and monopoly of great industries*."
'"- Evolution of Diplomacy
colns and other little 'business" diplomats failed to achieve in' the days
when little business was the .rule and
■big business the exception is,now advertised as a new and -hope-inspiring
" diplomacy of radical efficiency in the
day when 'little business has .become
the vassal of monopolists.
In tho days of Jefferson and Jackson
this 'little business diplomacy fought
the establishment, of a national ibank,
and today the imitators of the prlmi-
' tive Democrats put a money trust investigation on the stage and proclaim
■their own futility by announcing what
everybody else knew for yearB, .namely, that the national banks liave be-
come'ifcho suckers of a gigantic *syndlJ
money trust, what will another hundred years of petty business .politics,
if permitted to continue, bring to tbe
nation ?
The only answer of the present Democratic administration is: "Give us
time." Correctly interpreted this
means: "Let us alone!" This is the
glorious outcome of 100'years of boasting that .Democratic statesmen stand
for eqtial rights to all, special .privileges to none.
■No less accusing for middle class
diplomats, especially for the Democratic variety, is tbe fact that those
States which have beten the undisputed property of middle class saviors
for several generations, show the
highest percentage of mortgaged farmers, tenants, propertiless whites and
disfranchised voters.   ■
Middle Class Futility
All the facts of American history
cry out in condemnation of such futile
middle class diplomacy, but at- every
election this type of politician turns
up smiling and reciting the same old
stale catchwords. Naturally every national election also witnesses an increase of dissatisfied voters who at
last-see through the middle class diplomacy and value it at its true worth
by voting the Socialist ticket. This
evidence-f^rea! progress excites the
grave £.„.' /Mshment-of the petty business politicians. They • shake their
heads disapprovingly and emit, owlish
warnings against the alarming spread
of Socialism.
Instead of .convincing'the petty business politicians that-they have been
on the wrong road'all their lives, the
growth of Socialism only adds to the
penplexities of their position. Their
success depends entirely upon the
faith of the voters in their sincerity
and wisdom. Tbe growth of Socialism
is an evidence that the voters are losing" faith in the gospel of middle class
savlorship. Immediately the business
politicians start a campaign against
Socialism with the same methods and
the same brainless shortsightedness
■which' have marked thein as disas*.
trqus failures in their fight against
How Socialism Appears   .-
Many   common   people   without   a
high school education have learned to
reason things out in this way "On.r1
great statesmen have for more than
300 years -made laws against the control of imoney by. a few privileged persons. .Now the money is controlled by
ono syndicate. Our great statesmen
'have for more than 100 years passed
that they have not made good- to the
common people. Now that large -masses of voters prepare to say to the middle class diplomats: "Back io ' the
woods with you skunks," the politicians cannot reason as clearly as the
people. Instead' cf admitting that nei-
their Democrats nor Kepublicans nor
Bull Moosers have ever done one thing
for the people, - or even can do one
thing for ,the people, under the pre-'
vailing business system, the politicians say to themselves: "What will
become of us if" the people don't believe in us any more? Good heavens,
we may have to earn an honest living.
That won't do. We still .havo the pow-t
er.  Let's get ready .for the mob."
■And they, .get ready. That is the
inevitable wind-up of middle class puttering. The big .business men are the
■masters. The little business .men are
tbe unwilling vassals of the trusts!
Business politicians have failed and
will fail to/bring relief to small .business from trust oppression. Tbe working people are getting wise and preparing to make an end of all business,
as it is carried on today. Now what
can a little business man do in this
matter? While the working people and
the big .business men fight it out, little business men can't do much business. Can little business men stop
this fight? Evidently not. Then' will
they have to get into the .fight and
take sides? Evidently yes. What side
shall little business men take? A liard
How Small Business Fares
Little business men that have got
as wise as,, tlie .wise""working people
take the side of the workers against
tbe trusts. For it is certain that the
workers will win the fight against business, and the little .business man who
fights on the side of the working class
will wiiv out with them.
Little business men that don't know
any better, work and vote with the
trusts, because tliey are afraid that if
the working people win, little business
men will .be worse off than they are
now under trust rule. That, is a -bad
mistake, and the little business men
who make it will pay dearly for it before they find it out, and get over on
the right side, the working people's
In, the meantime, the petty, business
diplomats are going to take the wrong
side and get licked royally, for it. T.hey
have made a mess of their legislation
against big 'business, and tbey are
going to make a mess of tlieir diplomacy against Socialism. :
Preparing for the,Future
- The middle class cannot' be saved
by petty 'business diplomacy. The
only way to save tbe middle class is
to stop business profits and make little business men and small property
owners .members of .the productive
army of Socialist co-operators. But tbe
political agents of the middle class in
Congress'don't like this idea, even if
both'parties voted for"it on the prin'i-
ple that .they .would rather be tne lackeys of big business 'than the equals of
tbe common people.' •
Federal;Control of the Militia
The .bill was first passed in 1903 and
has since^beea amended' in such a way
that it can* be 'en-forced still more
strictly. Tbe avowed object of this
■bill is to albolish majority rule .by martial law and"dictatorsbip, if tbe majority of "the voters, should' at any time
unite on a program dangerous to busi:
ness. « '■
It .is very significant that, although
this -bill, violates the right of the individual States to/ control their own
armed- forces, - no .'business politician,
no trust magnate, no labor-hating little 'business. man 'or small property
owner lifted his voice in protest., A'll
of them' saw easily that if any single
State should' in the near future fall
into tbe hands of the common people
the national government would have
the power to prevent that State from
using its own militia on the side of the
people. It will require a control of
Congress by tbe common people to re-'
peal this .plutocratic bill and reorganize the militia along lines of popular
■Of course, thia bill, will never be
fully tested. The .business men themselves will not dare to test' it on a
national scale even-now. And as tlie
number of Socialist'voters increases
■handful'of Socialist-'representatives"
wil3 become permanent''membera' of
Congress, this tyrannical bill ■will'be
fought, amended, and finally brought
in .harmony-.with'.the inevitE\.b.le popuj
lar control of the militia.    ■   " ' '   ,
Where Physical Force1 Ultimately
. :*. ■" ■ "    Fails
But even as/the bill stands now, the
petty '.politicians 'have, made a bad mistake, and if it.should ever,'be amiended
will become a -boomerang for them all
the isame..' No armed force can stop
"the.drift of industrial and political'de-
velopment toward popular democracy
and.Socialism..' No' centralization of
power in'the hands of a (military dictator can call a"halt'to it; The enlightened intelligence of the majority
of voters will prevail against all .business diplomacy.   The' middle class it-
gets rightly, started in America." There
is dan^r in, dealing with the other fel-
■low, nothing .but safety in. dealing with
ourselves.- -It is■ noiya-.far" step from
buying from ourselves to manufacturing roij. ourselves, producing (for, bur^.
- The ib^st; recom-mendaiion' for the1
.centralis movement is the local fail-
UIT n? liave experienced' in America,
fa m* «°-°Perative shoe factories,
iarms, dairtea, slaughter -houses (act-
^'£• ^^ta-ry) and -plantations of the
umrop^ail.movemients>. -    -   . ,   .-
™™ os'h<>uM' w« n<>t centralize the
XIi™^»8 purchasing (power of the or-
wlnw    workers of America?    Why
-saouM we jyrt ia the Mine WorkerSi
t w r 'en°™ious membership; attempt tx> accomplish what can be and.
viors and march joyously forward with
tlie revolutionary army of united workers. ■ On the- day that the .plutocratic
President shall call out the Pretorian
guards to shoot down the voters, this
guard itself will turn against its masters and join the common,peopl?. ' If
the officers' should not '.liave sense
enough to,realize,that a few 'hundred
thousand soldiers -cannot' lick .10,000,-
000 voters, the privates will quickly
open their eyes.    ,
Meanwhile, now is tbe time to protest against the .Dick iiiilitla bill .md
every year, the chance to test it be-! to put tho .Democrats en record as on-
comes very slim.   For as soon as a emies of the common people.
iic-aa  ix'i*iiivitt<*.*.y.      jluc   -uuuui-o uaaa   11-   , f   -*- -vwu^iiiou   nuat. uvlu   uts tuiu
self, in its vast mass, will- have to re- xXl. ^en -accomplishee by our Euro-
ipudiate its hypocritical would-be sa- pefr Jjrothers?     , ■   .
T ,L,,:ueve we are goihgto'db it. And
!„, "ry« tlie establishing of .that cen-
ninp- re' however small in the 'begin-
•ii n?'vln 'be tlie'hub around; which
M,nt 7Un»ately revolve an institution
Iv-^mJ111 <mark one ot toe greatest
w™?' ln the industrial history bf
fm®™?,a' ,•■is n<Jt a hard job to make
™W,   enterPrise ^rger, wben in-
Thi business demands it.
' J ls one ofthe weapons of the
f£™3 class> that> llk0 *&* Political
i™lis*' costs "othing, is powerful
S7nrt io to overcome -any opposition
itAnih 'more easlly Wlrtied' than all the
" i VJS and starving of coal miners
?.;^i/heIr wlves Md children in the
worm ,iTO3 ^jj
hff„tl>9 miners .banded' together can
I'mi.*1" uniformity of opportunity
inn- «h a dollar. by •co-operatively unit-
iv w? a minimuja Price for ea'oh class
?init!w °f work> s0 toey can. by their"
J^ii^^!> -action, have something to say
couect{vely on th(i jjjgk C0Bt of Hvl
and wifiat they wllj.-livepn.  The gifeafc'"-■''..
est advance inajde^cb-operatlvelyi will-\
mean'a*-better mutual understanding
of.,each1 other; niore.regard for eacb.^
other, more.intelligence, sobriety^ self-.
respect, ..better men, women: arid^chil-
dfen»- and: as the working men, women: *,
and.children grow -better, as their sur-,
roundings-.and environments -become   '
more .agreeable-' and .human, ;so will -■. -
.they, Set'their light"stdiie for all-tou*..
inanity, and the imaginary differences
and  divisions,   spawned   by .private.;
greed "aad individuial empire, will spass
into the realms of the past' as:, the .'
.rack and the stocks -have-passed, and
the  most  commendable  and   distin- '
guishing actions bf men will be that '„
action that makes for the comimon)',
good.—-James ' Lord   In   Thb ' Miners'
Magazine!     . • '
The Spirit of
laws against monopoly to save, competition. Now competition in business
is dead and monopoly rules. Out great
statesmen have promised .free homes
to the people. Now three-fifths of the
land and the homesu of the United
States are owned by one-tenth'of the
population*. Our;great statesmen have
for more than 100 years, made pledges
to bring relief-to tbe poor and downtrodden. Now. .about 3,000,000 of
■wealthy oppress 97,000,000 of American people. We have .been fooled long
enough by business politicians. We'll
vote for Socialism and freedom and
full and plenty."
Retalnero of the Plutocracy
The unlverslty-bred statesmen know
One Week Commencing
Monday Nov.   10th
Presents The Distinguished Comedian
and his all star company in a repertoiro of the latest London
and New York successes.  Opening Bill Monday
"The House Next Door"
Prices      -      -      2tfc, 60c, 75c Ae $1.00
Matinee Saturday at 3 p. m.
its~""inevitable realizaflon_sHouia-"Tieap
more discredit upon them than all
their pitiful performances in thejield
of high statesmanship. The petty politicians know better what is good for
tbe people than the people themselves
do. So the .business politicians who
have been trying to bust the trusts
■have also prepared for the -time -when
tbe people, shall try to bust;thelr political servants. And the preparation
of the middle class saviors 'is' so cunning and so well thought out that any
day when a majority of the .voters
■shall elect a Socialist administration
tbe business politicians?-can spring
their 'little trap—and get .caught in It
The Army as a Last Resort
With eyes scanning the past, as usual, for Information, the buslnesa politicians .fiigured matters out In this
way: "When things became unen-dur-"
able in the past the people rioted" and
rebelled and .made a fuss. Then our
predecessors In offlco gave orders to
the soldiers to hill a few. thousand of
the imob, jail a few hundred others,
and. scare the others back into submission. Now, why won't tho samo
thing work again when the mob gets
unruly? Let us seo. Thero's the reg-
ular army, Can we count on the rank
and file to shoot down their fathers
and brothers? Maybe'we can, If the
mob does not amount to mnny millions
of, dissatisfied. If tho mob grows to
such alarming proportions, oven Mo
navy added to tho rogular army won't
bo strong enough to suppress a rebellion of the votors. What then? Well,
tliero's the mllltln, Can wo count on
the mllltla <!n such a case? To face
the facts squarely, wo cannot count
on the militia altogether, Wo shall
havo to pick our frlonds, Maybe If
wo could reorganise tho inllllla a llttlo It might do for quite a while yet.
or .course, organized labor has mndo
ilio 'militia 'rather unpopular, and So-
clalilsm lias won over a good many of«
fleers nnd mnn. Tint the mnjnrlty of
tho mllltln, regular army and navy are
still with us, liowovor. lt in certain
that Boclallf-.ni will make more converts among them, too, In the future.
Wo fthnll have to tnko UilngB in .hand
nnd keep bettor truck of Uio men."'
The Dick Mllltln Bill
. Tho TPHiilt of the Inspiration of a
lind eonHcionco was the Dick ml'lltla
'bill. It wiih hutched out undor Iho dl-
rort iiiipiirvlHloii of Mark Ilannn, one-
tlmo Ilppubllrnn boun of Ohio, wlio or-
dorml his .friend Pick to transform tlio
■popular rnllltla Into nn annex of the
reeulnr nrmv In Htidi n -wny Mint tho
rotom wouldn't g*". wise to the rndlcnl
oliiiugo, nnd that the plutocracy could
on short notice odd 100.001) plckiwl and
reliable killers to tho loynl forcea In
the roKiilnr army and navy.
As finally iiamiml thl» glvon to tbo
President of the United Slates'powers
ovor the nrmod forced of tho nation
PrH-m-M'!.'   lir-lft-Cf-l-nn.   t f*   Onll (TlUfin        T*ll n
■iilleprod servants of thR people, both
Hupublicana and Democrats, voiunuir-
liy promoted thl* rentrnllaatlon of
powor In the .linnil* of an Irrewponslblo
man, who could nt nny time aamime
tho role of a military dictator. Tho
bill empowers the President to call
OUI, the plt.lKMll  1U«»  Ml  I i.t!  Illlllll* •*.
any tlmo that -he. In his own arbitrary
opinion, considers It nocena-iry. Tho
officers of tho mllltln. Instead of bolng
elected by ijvonular vote, are Appointed
by the rresWent, and the jnllltla of
one Htate may lie «ent Into another
fltate, or «ven out of tho «ountry Into
foreign lands. Any able-bodied man
between tho *««« of 18 ond 415 Is subject to the -call of thc PreiiM^n'. Any
man rofunlng to servo or obey Wi nrlt£
toeratlo "«ttpertor»" will be placod before a court-martial of officer*, and
the doalh penalty mny be inflicted by
this military court, tha officer* beiu«
the jorr, Ju4g«» and -wwuthnon,
without a chnneo of appeal far the victim, TWs Wtt <*Mriri n»v«r b«vt hum
pasted bjr. the big buifo-f-is statesmen
had not the cockroach politicians of
The--spirit of,co-operation is. as old
as the human race., Back in the realms
of the far-distant past, as far as the
.historian and scientist have penetrated, there is ample eyidence'of.the beginning of co-operative, or mutual,
thought amiong the pre-historic tribes,
and in,all species' of animal or plant
life those divisions, or branches, have
survived and progressed,'1 where the
largest amount of co-operation has
been in evidence.  ,.
In the .history of,.human endeavor
the idea of co-operation has suggested
itself in proportion, to and* on account
of the evils and hardships the individual ■was-'-su-bjeeted to, and when these
evils became general in their application, the method of co-operatively combating or overcoming the social evil
automatically suggested itself. '
So the lowliest of the ancient,lowly
conceived the idea, a 'bit at a time, of
the necessity of co-operation, or unity
of action. It is this spirit that has
■blazed tbe ■way for everything that
has ever Ibeen inaugurated tbat made
•for greater liberty and greater comfort for mankind. And as a direct result of sthis, every step taken from the
savagery! and superstition of tbe'cave-
mari to the present position of civiliza-;
tion owes its being to this evolution
of .thought in the minds of thd'working class, who have always constituted. the; vast majority. Just as the. bias-1
.Y\T»y\ir»iL*r\!ie.^_rvi*i tnrutiiftn n \\] r\ +Ti-1-kii o«Vi *■       f*£
j^iiciIli/uo—ul — \,i cacn/liui/ic—'i/iiv/-itiijiii*—vr
freedom yesterday becomes the popular line'ot thought tomorrow/so is tbe
intelligence of the philosophy vt cooperation or mutuality, or, as-we are
fond of saying now—the common good
—.forcing for itself a hearing. And
once tlie philosophy of mutuality
gains for itself a fair hearing, it will
prevail as truth itself prevails:'is as
indisputable as the rule that "two aad
two make four" is indisputable.
, The spirit of co-operation has asserted itself Jn different -ways, as the masterclass has forced different Issues in
different places. It has caused rebellions and stopped rebellions, made history and changed .the world's (history*
a.nd done .more in tho evolution and
development of the human race than
all other forces combined.
.It was tho spirit of co-operation that
made the Helot of Ancient Greece face
without' a tremor the -craftiest, and.
most sMUful fighters the world haa
ever Been. That caused the gladiators
to dare and defy that,nation of great
nations—the Roman Empire..
But for the spirit of co-operation
there would have been no chartist
.movement, no democracy; the labor
unionist .would bo still dragged forth
from tlio cellar, and cave and oruclifled
and nailed to tho cross, as thoy nailed
thorn to a thousand crosses oiv the,
Aipplnn Way, long before .they nailed a
Carpenter to a Cross on Onlvary.
Tlio .Hplnlt of co-operation caused,
tlio conl miners In. tho Allegheny
Mountains, In the Hooking Valley, In
tho Uellovllle district nndi elsewhere,
to band them ael vos togotlier for tlio
co-openitlvo good of UioiuboIvob and
their fallow-workers on this side of
the Aitlantlc, with the roBiilt tlint the
splendid ovamplo sot' by thoso pioneers formed the nucleus out of will eh
grew the present TJ, M. W. of A., tho
.grontcfit and most progressive union
thy world has yet seen—thc union
that will yet bring within its hcopo
and power, for itho first time in tho
.history of tho world, evory man ami
boy on nn entire) contlnont who Is engaged In itho .production of coal One
of the fow movements In thn world
that Is democratic enough that It Ih n
reflex of tho highest average Intelligence of those who compose lt, without plncliiK a ban on any Individual's
progroBslve, polltlcnl or Industrial
Tho spirit of co-oporatlon Is t.ho educator, thn Imlnncn wheel, the hope of
humanity, nnd Uie Incentive to all
that Is .host and noblest In humanity,
T)lro nneoBwIty Ib gonorn-lly tho mo-
ttvo powor behind up-mo purtlctilur
bran eh of co-operatlvo thought or action. One ipnrt or division of tho workers of tho world havo cortnln mutual
Idnnfl In operation, whilo other branch-
uh of workors, laboring undor groalor
difficulties, would gilvo tliolr 11 von to
bring even tho moat TUdlmentnry fouiv.
dntlon of Mir» -miiliHil *imtHii*Hnn« belnt*
enjoyed by thoir tnoro fortunate com-
i-tuiun ill uitliiU Ullilt, t>\jt iUnU.ilV, tile)
fow .menmireB of relief and comfort wo
enjoy In tho organized Industrie* of
America and Kuropo seom llko a fairy
dream to tho Russian workers, who
aro    terenlully    marching    wearily
advocating and asking fov leas
than we advocate nnd a«k for In a
mine workors* opon convontlon, wMlo,
especially in tho laat few yoawi, tho
Amorlcan worker -has been looking
wjth longing on Uio corporative mercantile Institutions of their tbroUiwn
tn IlrlUln. Don mark and Germany.
And, In lltm with Intolllfont co-operative thought nil over tho world, thl»
llm* of thought wil] become crystnllU-
•d In nn established mllty.
Tho sorlou*. thlnkln* ol*Mn*nt In the
labor world nro rcnJlrin« that, while
oo-oponitlon in ltd highest aona* cannot tie carriM Into tttt-wsi UBtll all
things socinl are owned and operated
•*o«:kiU>. >».i cprtntn ■*MM>p«>nUW<» Mon*
can be carried into «ffoct that vmn
Uio lightening of tho ,-burdon of tho
State of Ohio, city ot Toledo, 1
'   Lucas,County, -   > ss-
Frank J; Cheney makes oath that he'
is senior partner.of the firm of F. J.
Clienej & Co.,'doing business In'.the
City of Toledo, .County and State aforesaid, and that said firm will pay the
each and every case of Catarrh' that
cannot be cured by the use of HALL'S
.Sworn to'before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of December, A. D. .1886.
(Seal) A. W. GLEASON.
Notary PubllcT*
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts directly upon tho blood ■
and mupuous surfaces of the system.
Send for testimonials, free.
-   F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by aU Druggists, 75c. , <
,- Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. ,  .-   7
workers and the creating of a larger
amount of industrial independence, a
saving in the purchasing power and a
greater- amount of self-respect..,
This ideia is'vbecoming more-prevalent "every day, and the -only thing
standing in the way of its consummation is a* general agreement asto the
■methods of Inaugurating it, and, as
Brother - Thomas .points out,'it bids
fair to,Ibe one of the live issues at the
approaching international convention."
v Brother Thomas and myself having
been serving on tbe Co-operative, Commission for Distriot 12 have, witli' Seymour Stedman, given some thought to
the'best ways to inaugurate this movement, and are in accord as to .the best
method to pursue. However, we encountered a .form of. opposition, in the
way of legislation that was more serious than Ave had expected.'- The features that were so highly objectionable were gone into in detail in our
report to tbe last annual convention
at Peoria. „
A new law .was drafted, by the miners' representatives and Stedman, introduced Tiy Stedman in the House,
.and unmercifully slaughtered by these
friends' of the poor and lowly; in the
said House. On'; referring the' question to the attorney general as to whether stores could operate with legal
safety under the present law in his
opinion; we received" thejlpllowing Aii-
ian Pacific Railway
Very low fares in connection with r
Daily Nov. 7th to Dec,31st inclusive
Montreal  and  Quebec1 -   $76.10
To St. John   -   $84.10
Limit five months, stop over and extension privileges. ■ '
Full information re rail and STEAMSHIP TICKETS-from
**. READING Agent    -
v  o    or write
R. Dawson Dist. Passenger Agt.
lightening   (1) sand /illuminating   (?)
August 2, 1912.
"Mr. James Lord, Vice President',
United Mine Workers of America,
District'No. 12, Springfield, 111.
"Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your
letter of the lst instant, stating the
co-operative store .bill, wliich was in-
troduced' in .behalf of organized' labor
in the recent 'Bession of the Legislature, was defeated; that you have .several co-operative stores In , operation
In different parts of the state, most of
'Which are doing a flourishing business'
and are operated under "rules of law
similar to those storeB at "Gillespie, a
copy of which laws you enclose, and
requesting my opinion as to whether
these ■stores can legally operate or are
operated legally in accordance with)
Uie present, law,
"In reply I beg to sayi It wouUdi gratify mo to extend to you and the mem-
■bers of your organization the courtesy
of complying, with your request, The
.business of conducting the character
ol storca to wliich you refer la private
In the eame -sense that any other mercantile 'business Is private, and It ls
wholly outside the powers and duties
of tho attorney general to give opln.-
lon,6 on suoh mutters. Any opinion,
therefore, which I -might give you on
the question submitted' would bo wholly unofficial and entitled to no more
weight or consideration tlmn the opinion of nny competent lawyer In the
private practice,
"Furthermore, tho official legal bua-
ltiess constantly -pressing upon this
department tor attention is- o.t audi
volume ns to render lt Impossible to
glvo unoWlolnl .matters of this kind the
tlmo, and consideration necoasnry to
prcparo opinions thereon.
"I would 'bo plensed to oxtond you
any courtesy within my power, but I
■mil Hiiro Hint, upon roflpiHion, nnd in
vlow of tbo foregoing explanation, you
will rondllyi appreciate my reasons for
declining to furnish yon with an opinion upon tho question submitted,
"Regretting I cannot .bo of sorvlco
to you In this Instance, I am,
Very respectfully,     l». J. LUCEY,
"Attorimv General."
Wo will bo In a iposltlon to report In
the near future us to the host policy to
bo pursued, In our opinion, until wo
can OHtribllsh a law on tho statute
boolis of Illinois thnt will displace the
■prosont creation of the Manufacturers'
Association nnd make It possible for
the mien nnd womon who do nil tho
useful work of the groat state of Illinois to enter a decent, honest enterprise, without' fenr or ■meltcstatlon
from tho plundcrlmnd and their lackeys.
The tiling, thnt ought to bo sorlously
consldfrod at. home In the local unions
nnd In itho forthcoming convention Is
tho establishment of a central or general wholosalo nnd rntnll store, 8uch
a moro, situated, in Chicago, tit, Louis
or Indlnnapoll!', would \n- In a j.n:3lk*n
t-o noil to the 'branch stores everything
in thoiwny of merchandise at tho lowest posnlblo .figure, proper consideration being given to unadultoratod and
union wade goode.  With such a otoTO
l-nrifull-nrl      ViHnnnti     ■"Uunn    i^*yiiit.l     nr.*-**)snr*
up whorovor desirable or nocesWy,
according to tlie spirit nnd thn enterprise of thoso locally concemod, And
ln tlio moantlmo tho .mall order or
club -method business would be enormous, This mall order buslnos* alone
will, In my opinion (having teen av I
have everywhere I have hooa the targo
amount of business dono through wall
ordWhouMtt} to bo the foundation and
nucl«t» of a ro-oiwratlvo ■movemon*
thfct would, In a comparatively .short
time, outdistance those of the old
world. There is no limit to It, once It
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience.—   .'.',.,
Excellent .Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
The Working Men s Club
Now Open Under New Management
. *    -i     ...
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
= Tables —
No fee charged to use Club, which Is open to all,
B. Rawson
Shilohb Gwte
Ladies' and Gent's
Costumes 8c Suits
Fit guaranteed . .
Suits aad Overcoat
from $25.00
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B. C
.-««■«..««.■> ,-;"''£->-V-" ;■--<•■"'■-"•'
;:    •.<■ JT ' .*.
- O   ' ->     ■   .1-
"\.    :[. Established April 1899
Wholesale' and7Retail   TobCLCCOnist
: Baths and. Shoe Shine
The Sanctity a
■Our Coffee is Good-
Great Northern
.", Train going South leaves Fernie 9:53 a.m. daily
except.Sunday, making direct connections at Kex-
ford. for passengers and express East and West.
The train from the South arrives Fernie 7 lOO'pim.,
makes direct connections at Rexford from the East
and West. •■ " *
Latest equipment and best service for Eastern
and,Western points.    .     ' "■    t>
PHONE 161. BOX 305.   m
The question.Is asked. Wo
answered: "Look around you
and,see.       \'. ,-
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advanc-
tion?   If you are we can show
you a"place you can make a
..-big.profit on.
, Ab".compared to later on.'
...      i,   -   • *      *,
Just Now, Houses   Here ' Are
, Dirt Cheap.'
Mrs. S, Jennings, P'rop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
,   50o. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2,00 per Day
wor? *Jl0f AR®T PR,ZE *"<■ the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because they are THE BE8T ON THE MAR.
KET, that's why.
Buy them all tho tlmo at
_5*M. QRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
/ '
Four Pool Tables, almost
New.  Samuel May, maker
vv iii 5>cii sepaime 11 wanted for $200 on terms.
Mrs. Agnes Gourlay
Qummn'm Hotel Hosmer, B. C
Ledger Ads are Money Getters
By Frank Tanner
Speaking about , Socialism .some
years ago, a certain flam*boyant -politician, referred, to it as "the end of all
,^1 the neSa«on of Faith, Family
and Throne."
This. statement, like most false-'
-hoods, contains a grain of truth • To
the scientific Socialist it is a self-
evident fact that the basis of society
"cannot he transformed without reference to prevailing* ideas on political/
ethical, and .religious questions. Un-
doubt-eddy the overthrow of capitalism
will involve sweeping changes ini every
department of human life. .Whether
such changes .must necessarily b» for
the worse and whether they wilftake
.the form suggested by our critics is,
however, quite another matter.
In'this connection it is frequently
stated or suggested that the establishment of Socialism would have a disastrous effect upon the home life and
domestic relations of the people.
The "Englishman's Home" is a favorite theme among' .profIt-mongers
and tlieir orators and scribes,
To read the' columns of the Yellow
Press, any one unacquainted with the
actual conditions of life in the-twentieth century would gather a curious
dmipresslon as to the mode, of living
of -Uie British workingman.   It would
probably be something on these lines:
John-Smith, a sturdy individual of
the "Village Blacksmith"  tyipe," having (performed his day's work, which
Is just sufficiently strenuous to give
him ah a'ppetitite for his evening.*m.eal,
makes his way contentedly toward the
pretty little cottage which he bought
some years before on the strength of
a bonus presented him hy a grateful
employer.   At -tho gate he is met -by
hls smiling wife ahd bright-faced chil-
dren, one of whom' he lifts on to his
shoulder as he makes a 'brief inspection of his geraniums and sweet peas.
Inside th© house  all  ts   spotlessly
clean "and' there is a general atmosphere of ease and comfort combined
with an Arcadian simplicity.   Sitting
himself 'by the cheerful .fireside, John
heartily  (partakes   of   beefsteak  and
fried   potatoes,   followed   by  apple
dumplings.    The meal over, he pats
his "rosy-cheeked   little girl  on  the
head and takes up his Daily Mirror,
which for some time he peruses with
an  air of deep solemnity.    After a
while hi9 'head, (begins to topple forward, and he drops off to the land of
sweet ipeas and geraniums, at peace
with all the world, especially his em*.
ployer and the vicar.  ■
This idyllic conception of the home
life of a ifreer'born Briton does credit
to' the imagination* and descriptive
faculties of the> orators and journalists' referred to, but can hardly • ibe
regarded, as a true (picture of things
as they really'exist.
- A (few years ago some .members of
a Socialist organization'took - it -uippn
_„_ -.__, . investigate"^!© home
life ;*of the ■workers in a number of
'Streets in the aristocratic neighborhood of Lambeth walk. The result
was: quite enough to convince them
thatowhoever Ibroke up .fchesd "stately
(homes of Old England" would be performing an invaluable service to humanity.
Whole streets were found where
.practically every roof was broken, -so
that' .the tenants had to put 'palls on
the bod to catch the Talri. There were
.broken walls, broken stairs and .broken floors by the score, and hardly a
.house was not defective.In some iway
or other. These facts were carefully
tabulated and 'sent to the Borough
Council, who made the usual explanation that -It ;was all the fault of the
people themselves for being bora in
slums and not receiving higher wages.
Similar conditions to those (prevailing In-Lamibeth are to Ibe found in all
the thickly populated London districts.
Things are just as bad in the Industrial centres of the,.north, where .tho
women have oeen driven Into tho fue-
torios while in many cases their husbands remain Idle at homo and tho
children are left to the care of Strang?
' Yet In. spite of it nil we are Informed
by the supporters of a jerry-built society that Socialism will break up the
homo, Socialism will separate parents
from children, Socialism will destroy
tho purity of family life.
The fact is that for the majority of
tho pooplo thoro Is no homo lifo
worthy of Uio namo to destroy, Today houses aro not built to livo. In.
They aro put uip ns a xnenns ot fllMng.
tho ipockets of thfrlr ownera, wnoso
wain, con-corn, is bow to cram tho
largewt pohbU>1o number ot wage
slaves Into the smallest possible spaco,
As long us the homo? of the people
continue to bo mere rent-producing
commodities ibnllt for tlio gain, of unscrupulous fliuindcrs, thoy will never
bo fit for human habitation, When,
however, tlio peoplo -docldo to «tnrt
■building, for themselves, the homes
will be worth living in, and family
life (become a reality instead of a
myth. ■   ,
"But;'say the self-appointed custodians of public morals, Socialists have
such dreadful ideas about the sex
question;, they .believe in free love
and want to abolish the marriage tie.
It seems that certain writers, who
happen to, belong to Socialist parties,
haye ventured to question the efficiency of binding contracts between men
and women. Therefore, Socialism
means promiscuity in sexual relations
and the "absence of all parental responsibility."
This is not genuine criticism, *but
merely an aippeal to prejudice.
■ It isr true • some Socialists are opposed to the institution of monogamic
marriage; but their views are not
binding upon other members of tlie
organization to which they belong. On
such .matters each member is free
to think as he -pleases without in any
way compromising himself or his
party. ■
At the, same time most Socialists,
and certainly all thinkers, recognize
that drastic changes are necessary in
the relations of the sexes as they exist at present.
Owing • to the, vast amount of ignorance "which prevails in regard to
such matters, the proWem of sex is
a most difficult one to grapple with;
ail the more'so when interested persons deliberately set out to inflame
conventional- (prejudice.
Generally sipeaking, we may regard
it as desirable for men and women to
Jive together, dn p&irs for the purpose
of reproducing their kind. In order
to avoid confusion aiid safeguard the
interests of the offspring, the necessity has arisen'for some kind of contract to ibe entered into between the
■parties to such union. However, any
ceremonial Whioh takes place is at
most merely a matter of expediency.
It is, not the essence of the contract,
hut .merely a record of it, and, from
the standpoint'of nature, is of no importance whatever.
It is plain that a few stock platitudes 'gabbled by a priest or official
cannot sanctify the union of two /persons who, iby nature or temperament,
are unfitted for such a relationship.
Yet this is actually the case with perhaps the majority of present day marriages.
Today the choice of husband or wife
is not .determined by the human"-factor alone. Avarietyof other motives
are involved, most of them connected
more or less with the struggle for existence and 'the paltry class distinctions which have0 arisen in society
since the institution of private property. - '   • '     ;
To women of tihe working class marriage is" apt to present • itself as a
of the sweater, the result-being that
a large number jumip at the first offer
they* receive,, while all mariner of degrading devices are resorted to in the
■hope of securing,a "capture."
- With the male sex things are different. Except to the fortune-hunter,
marriage -has no economic attractions.
A man does not as a rule want to get
married simply for'the sake of .being
married; so to a certain extent die has
freedom ot choice. This choice is,
(however, greatly limited 'by the numerous petty conventions of modern
society, to disregard which needs a
considerable amount ot courage.
For equitable sex relations to exist
there must be complete freedom of
selection on (both sides, and .the uh**
eence of all sordid an<J[ mercenary motive, This Is clearly impossible In our
present world of universal grab.
The conditions necessary to Ideal
marriage can only exist iln a state of
Social Democracy, for only when men
and women enjoy economic independence will it be'.possible to glvo free
play to tho .natural Instincts1 of sex.
Whether marriage will take the
form1 of a binding contract -enforced)
by the State, or be regarded as a prl->
vate matter, is a detail. The torpor-
tant ipo*M ls that unions will bo frooly
entered Into and will be determined by
mutual sympathy and affection.
In such circumstances these is every reason to supiposo, that the natural love of parents for their children—
largely stifled today by tho brutal
competition for n living wage—will expand and develop as lt has never dono
Socialism is not tho ond, but tho
ibeglnmljiff of real family lifo. Its
aim Ib not to destroy, but to create—
to destroy the sham family sentiment
which but mocks tho sufferings of tho
downtrodden victims of wage-slavery,
and 'OHtnJbllHli a Htnto ot things wherein, tho joys nnd comforts ot Iiomo ln
the bout nnd widest sense slinll bo
within tho roach of overy man, woman'
and child.—London Justice.
Are You Working
If you are not healthy you ARE
working uphill.
Disinclination to^ work or play is
not—in nine cases out of ten—caused
by LAZINESS, but by sickness.";
That "don't feel good" sensation
won't send you to a doctor—you probably don't think it Is serious enough.
But it Is almost a sure sign of Indigestion, Dyspepsia or Biliousness."
Next time you "don't .feel good" .try
15 drops of Mother Seigel's Curative
Syrup. You'll get relief—QUICKLY.
- This old English remedy has been
TRIED and PROVEN.during the past
40 YEARS In every quarter of the
earth. ■
Tc lias a wonderful effect upon the
stomach and stimulates the digestive
organs to   normal   action.
Mother   Seigel's   Curative  Syrup   is'
almost  purely  herbal—it  Is  a  distillation   of   certain Roots,
Leaves—Nature's   remedy
ordered  stomach.        '"      .    •
Order a bottle of Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup—try it out, then note tlie
Improvement   ln  your   health. '
Price  $1.00      Trial Size, ,50c.
For Sale by •'
Barks   and
for a   dis-
Little Readings
in Socialism
By Robert Blatehford
What Ih environment?
.When wo upeak of n man's environment wo mean hia mirroiinilliiKu, hix
oxporlnnco; nil that, ho booh, hears,
feels and. learns, frod Ilia Instant that
tho lamp of Hfo Is kindled to tbo in-
nl«r(    ...*,. ,.    11..    *!,.*.I I
Wy MwlTWrtn-Mit w. monn nv-rr-thlni;
tlmt develops or modlflon tho child or
lite matt for good or Ul.
We ..moan IiIh tnotlw>-r"» milk; tho
homo, tlio the stato of lifo into which
he wan born. Wo mean tho mir-so who
nilr*VI/-..I    *,*,,,       t*.,      .*  II •).. 1 i
with, tho school ho learns in, '(ho'air
ho btwthes, the wator ho drinks, tho
rood ho eats*. Wo m«m thw gam™ ho
plays, iho work he do**, tho wight* ho
m*ott, tho eounda he hears. We m«m
the girls ho lorce, tho woman he marries, the children he rears, tho wagee
hf» «i.nH Wn rivnin Uu\ uicUsuju Ui.it
trie* Wm, tho griefs that sears him,
the friend* who nM nu*! the **nt,mti*n
wiro wound Wm. We m-win nil !Ms
hop** «m* fears, his vfctorltm end de-
Un**; fate faith* -sad his disillusion,
meat* We mean «u the harm ht* ifotti.
fi™,*1]. th*L U1V ha «tw»i *» «&*
fafcwta Urn* boclum Mm. nil the (#mr»-
U*tow diet lur* Mm; *U hi* weeping*
to** We luck* hiu end unlucky Nun-
nem emytWnff ho doe* wwl *nff«<»
wirier <Nte mm.
f «a Ittto Uf thii febii totaaw ■**
imiHt remember thnt everytlilnK that
lnfluoncoM lilm, Ih ptirt of IiIh onvlmn-
It is a, common mlirtaku to think of
environment In a nnrrow' B«>n«ft, an
(thoujjh environment Implied no more
than uoveity or rlchou. ICvorythlnjf
onuidn our ekln Imlong* to our envl-
Lot u* think of it nimln.   -Education
If     mil'Ir^M tvmtif *      yr H^f,.,, ■    I  . t
ment; bnrtnem and politic* nro Miv'i-
uuum-na, un tnu *iu«u», convention*
mud prfju-rJNvs of nt:** *<;<J i*lat» at**
environment; literature, ed-oneo ami
tfie pro** nro onvironmont; muaic, hia-
tory ami uport are environment; betu.
ty aiul ukIIiu'Mh uno i>ui-lwum«nt; «x-
A.i4,«,(i toi*.   ).-.*iiv,yi.  rt>v:  taiMKHlUH'Ill.;
war antl trav«l and commerce are environment; ttinnhine anil oxone, honor
and dishonor, failure nnd micreM, are
envlronnu-nt; lovo in environ mont.
I *tn>«» nnd multiply example* be-
■rauiw tlie power of environment !.*> *»a
tremendou* that wo can hardly over.
r.iU) it* Ul.|H;VUU<U<,
A child in not born with a ron-
tifU'iiff, inif N'Jth fhA PTtlfmc:**:- itt *x
• cmf.rlrnri-, .ili*> innu-rlali fjYWivhhh
a comvlwofl may or majr not be de-
wlflpi'd— tty fl-nvlnrnmeot.
A r'hlM fi* not horn with -capacitleii,
but only with potentbiKtle^ w »»
dbilMl**, f«*r «wv! or evil, -mWh wiey
or may not he developed—by enrlmn-
A «bU<i Is bora ubeotately without
ktvowtwlRe. Kviry udMixx ot knowied-gii
he «eU nxm-i be gut from Mt enviroo-
Bar supplied with  the   best Wines,
Liquoys and Cigars
, Every faculty of body and of mind
grows stronger witih use and weaker
with disuse. This is as true of the
reason and tihe will as of the muscles.
. The sailor has .better (sight than the
(townsman, because his eyes get (bet-
iter exercise. The blind..have sharper
ears l-Shan burs, because -they depend
more on their .heartng-.
, Exercise of ithe ornind "alters the arrangement of the gray maitter of the
brain," and .so alters the morals*. jt.h-A
miem-bry, and*, the reasoning "powers.
Just as dumbbells, .rowing or delving develops .the muscles', (thought,
study and conversation develop, the
And everything that changes, or
develops muscle or brain is a part of
our environment
There must be bounds to the -powers
of enviTOn-ment, but no man has yet
dUsctovered- the limits, and few have
dared to place them wide enough.
But the scope of environment is undoubtedly iso gTeat, as I shall try ito
prove, tlialt, be the heredity whoi it
may*, envJ ron ment has power to save
or do/mro.
Let us think what .It means to be
born quite without, knowledge . Let
uh think what it means to owe all ifchnlt
we learn to environment
Tlie grand jury at Vancouver threw
out the Indictment's preferred against
Mr. Rubinowitz and two othere who
wero charged with intimidation, at
JSTanalmo. Mr, Rublnowlta had been
engaged by a number of the etnlkers
to defend them ln the prosecutions
arising out of the coal mining tr-otfMesi
and wae arrested, while walking along
the 'Btreet, He applied for ball, but
met with a hamh refusal and. wa» kept
in a coll for fortywslght houre under
Uie most uncomfortable conditions before he obtained his freedom on his
own recognlance,' willingly jrmnted by
a county court judge.
In charging thc grand Jury on this
indictmont'.Mr. Juatlcn MorrlRon pointed out thnt bhij witness who Mr. Tin-
Wnowdtz and hl» companions were
charged with Intimidating had admitted at tlio .preliminary honrlng that ho
lind not been «poken to by the accused, and In fact bad not known any-
thins ahout tho matter until nftor
their aneHt.
At the time wo cemmonti'd on the
extraordinary attitude of tin* iiiukIh-
trcite ln th;!« ensj', which rnfienibleil
moro tlmn anything cIro the motliodH
of a Hiisalan Inquisitor of twenty
ycarw ago. Wrst ho rofiiscul to grant
ball, nnd bli<>n irmlutoid on committing
tho nccnw.'rt for trial, although tlm
chlof witness for the -crown h:ul testified ihnt lie hnd not boon accosted by
them nor had he known anything
about the Incident until nftor thoy l*"'l
boon flrroHled.. IM un quoto Uio mmrli»-
tmto In onlortng tho i-onuiiltnuinl;   * j
"1 -tv-fii-wo to 1-jeHovt' llm oxpliiiuitloim i
Hia iircu-snd lmvo glvon as to why Ihoy j
were there. Ilnd Mr, ItubJnnwIt/ tiot ■
beon arrested I think greater trouble i
would liavn «>n«ued thnn nuy w« h«vn!
yot had In Nnnntme." I
The fnets thus dlnc|o«o thin r«mnrk-i
ablo situation: Mr. llublnowlu. fori
eome renson, lmd to bo nrrcntwl. When j
token diito cn»l(idy he wim unahle -to I
lefirn what he wns charged with, fori
,.                   I.    .              iv. i  i-i       •
....   ..,j   ...	
hehlml «he «ereeti hnd no e|mr«fr» pr«»-!
pared.   I'Mnnlly I hey decided that he;
had (ntimtvliktcd one Hun, Davks, btjt;
fttvlew fr.'1'tvrt* (hit nelrher TlnblnnwltK I
nor hi* rompnnlon<« hnd «pok*n te him.)
The evornge mnttlHUnte wotild have)
f'lumlM^l th*> -ec-.se, hn* *h<.n imrtl-cular;
end wim not lu tne nver:i*v«" -elfist*. \i
dutlhil nervnnl or th<< A-ttomey-CJon-;
eral. he wandrtenniii'd to do hi» iwrtj
In ono of the most extraordinary trn-i
vestlee oMu»tlro ew-r rn-iirtod   In  a\
British country, j
Th« Times doe* not earn ft trnap who j
or wh.1t Mr. nnhlnowlf* wii« or whnm I
he was retelurd to defeiri.   lie wns
**Mitin*H Ui Mr pl.iv, And he did not I
j|«s*».lv«»  it,     'I'lln vdlH ■!•>* ->•»>'>»   »ii
the mo»t (Mt-rH Ihlng lii Hi.- dt-ve-Joj)-.
mi-ttiiot Brttliih InsMtutions. If, in nny:
-t-lmnmrt^nc-s, *** aJV»»  **> i'1-'**'1 us-
ch^llencrM or unpn>!e*h<l il,- lmplt*Ml!
rontentlen   of  the   Attorney/;.en«**ml ■
iJiat be (iii, Jw^AnJ.'!!- .** niXi'- !i*n--riT i
iHf»w»Tf tht* fifnfetf «^,1.^nn• t.f fiMff-1
flcsttea  wo simply I.nl  «M..ur.i^<-
m«i* te -the perpctesflrtn "f *'(mll«r
otitvutm end lh<» de-Rnnl.i'l. ■• «>f Hrli-
l«fa joetk*.   Thl* Is Csnada * ot M*»»-
k».~<Vletoria Tlmf*.
-- We have pleasure this week
in announcing prizes in connection withour competition.
Only residents of the Camps
named are eligible to participate
for these prizes.
Prizes for the other Camps will
be announced next week
Bellevue, Hillcrest,
Passburg, Maple Leaf,
Burmis and Frank
camps only
Suit Value $20
Order on Store
for $20
$15 Range
Handsome $16
Tea Set
Coleman &  McGillivray
A   Splendid   Power
Washing: Machine
Value $18
TJ^OP"^ will lit; (liM|.liiyCi|  i„  tl,«  various
estnbliHliutlnionts, No.'votcK-.Insl n Rift
For tho resithsntHof the uhovointMition'od cainps
Read Conditions Carefully
IMII1T    If All     II ■ I IP-   -m-m    mmm
wn«! iuu HftVt su UU
in-      .  SnT nU 1r}M,,il)Ks    VMh »»««««i.|f has u
jljU'i'cnt miiuhfi'.    I ii tin: |iei-Ki>n  semiin^  in tl,,-
lllL'lu»sMoti»l wIiimi ninnlwM^:   :m-m   -1.1,1...I    .1
wtjuuaid <irsl |iri/.i! iu nidi camp; In the pmnn
Hcntlinjj in siieoiii) holiest. HTtuid priw and sci nu.
Jo explain:   TImmv will ln> h* very  In'^h ]„iin.
hers, ami it will lie jtiissililf for a p<>rsnn with two
hwulinj,'s, if the iiuuiImts mv liij^li f.-iuiuuh, to ln-at
Mu* man uitli iwo du/cn iuaduitis.     Tlu* pri/.eM uo
to tin* jmtsou witli tl... lii;r)MM tm;,] wlicn tlu-.'iiiim.
ljcro on ihdr ht-adiu^.s an- a<l<I»'«l ttt};i>t|it>r.
Prizes for other Camps
and Fernie next week -1ir>-TWt,w-*r.*.*«^.^J.*'*ih»^g.*^^
IK "■
*.   l
^ v
'"' l f"
l}& Zttshui £*&$**
Published every Saturday morning at its "office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District:'. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all Muds of book, job and
r;color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48    ■ Post Office Box No. 380 .
•i'lie seething spirit of discontent still rules, the
world over. First on this continent in'West Virginia and Massachusetts; then in "South Africa;
then in Dublin, Ireland; then Vancouver Island;
Calumet, Michigan; Colorado and now Indianapolis—thc centre of trade unionism. Louder and
louder rises the murmur, ever more threatening,
unchecked and unhindered by thug, police or militia. Threatened, starved, beaten, imprisoned and
shot down! To what purpose? Only*to rise again
more menacingly, more persistent.'
The apologist strives to explain, but while he
can explain local di-stm-bance he is up against a
very different proposition when attempting to refute the worldwide discontent—which knows no
creed'and acknowledges no international boundary.
The politician has his remedies—palliatives and
sop—but give tlie worker a minimum wage today
and he recognizes its futility tomorrow; soothe him
wilh eight hours today—tomorrow he wants'six.
Labor can no more accept stagnation than capital.
Small wonder that capitalism, driven to extremes,
resorts at last to repressive measures, for it is its
last argument. Too plainly, it sees the handwriting,
■and like the hunted rat turns to show fight. We
are not so ungenerous that we do not admire'its
stand—its last stand. The ruthlessness of capital,
however, has taught the workers the greatest lesson
of modern civilized society—it has taught us to
give what Ave shall get—no quarter. There can be
no let up in the fight. The spineless sophist who
imagines he can gull the workers by his pap is casting off the cloak of deception and arraying himself
on the side of.his -master. But when the worker
shall know no'master but the power ofhis knowledge—then'indeed will he he free.
hy venturing into a gaseous mine? The law says he
must not, and if he does he shall be punished. There
cannot be a shadow of doubt but that the Bowser
government meant Monday evening, August 27, to
be a repetition oh a smaller scale of the Paris com-,
mune.   ' ,     .    ■ *   y        '-."•"
Tlie militia surrounded the hall, lined the streets
and surrounded the jail. The stage was, set and
the caste complete, all that was wanted was an excuse to turn loose Hell from the barrel of the maxim positioned in the hall doorway.
"If there,is any attempt to break your ranks ov
run, you.will he shot or bayonetted. '
And, Mr. Worker, to-secure this glorious privilege, you plaeed a neat cross opposite your "true
Blue" candidate's name. Aren't you proud! You
should be. You 'may not- have done hutch for McBride, hut he will surely do his utmost for you.
Your innocent cross helped load and train that
maxim, and assisted in incarcerating the Island
strikers in jail. „   >
This was the story Comrade Walker had to tell
and he told it, but it was not the purpose of his
mission. He was there to point out that just so
long as the worker was content—just so long must,
lie endure. When he would realize the power of
knowledge—then he would lead, when he realized
that Might was Right, and the latter but an ethical expression, then he would grasp the reins of
government and be fitted for the high office of executive. . ,   „ ' "    ^
The, ostrich-like attitude of the worker who refuses to become conscious of a class distinction between employer and employe, and who is so under
the thralldom of capitalism, so permeated with superstition and prejudice, is such that he can be
armed by tho master class with modern instruments
of destruction and relied' upon to kill his fellow
■worker, provided always his conscience is appeased by an oath of allegiance tp the Crown or authorities. If, in addition, you wave a flag, he will shout
with delight—cheer andJaugh! What a sight for
the gods! No, reader, his victim1 need not be of
another race, tickle and appease his conscience with
an oath to obey aud he will shoot his nearest and
dearest.' He will fight for the pute lust to kill ancl
gratify his m'ost bestial passion.
Do you think the soldier boy who left his counter
or ledger in Vancouver or Victoria understood his
position? Do'you credit him with possessing an
unwarped mind, of 'being sane and conscious? Do
you think he believed in the great omnipotent, omnipresent Creator and Redeemer whom he called
to witness-his oath? We who realize the" position
of soldier-and slave know that if they do,not understand and it is our duty to acquaint them.
 The soldier is not one degree less.conscious than
being ia good 'humor; any little mix-up,
that occurred was taken ln.good part.
The final motion,, "That we do not-
nominate any candidate until we hear
the views and capabilities or tne candidates already^ stated," finished an
discussion, , iThe, three' candidates a*>re-
sent were allowed I5~*m1nutes each 'to
■put ..their'views and'platform before
the meeting, -after "which Questions
were invited, wtoen Dr. Lovering, present alderman, cam* uritier the heaviest
fire on the stand he took in th$ Council .meetings., which went to show that
a majority of the ratepayers were conversant with what transpired at Council meetings,' and were interested
therein.- '    ^
A general meeting of all workers in
and around ithe mines was also held in
•tlie Miners' Hall Thursday evening of
last week to discuss the advisability of
removing the library to a more central
•place. -The present- premises belong
to the company;1
Save*your 'headings and win one of
our handsome Christmas presents.
A motion'was passed instructing the
Exeeutdvo to try and procure lots adjoining Adams' Park, which was considered the most central 'place for all.
After considerable discussion on how
tp raise sufficient funds to build their
own place, it was decided to Increase
the monthly contribution from 10
centa to 30 cents. *. This is a step In
the right direction, as the out of tho
way situation of the library, prevents
the majority from taking advantage of
such an institution.
♦ ♦■*•*♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ Lethbridge Local  Union  Notes ♦
♦ ♦
■ At the regular ^meeting of above
Local there were pfeseqt International
Board Member Rees and A. J. Carter,
District Secretary. The latter gave a
brief outline of the financial standing
of the District and their labors dn the
Taber field In an effort to organize
that-part of the Distriot.
-Bro. Rees gave a graphic description
of the strike zones in the different
parts tit oiir organization, especially
Vancouver Island, and expressed his
sa-tlisfaotiou at the maimer the assessment liad been dealt with by the members of this Local.
Save your headings,and twin one of
our handsome Christmas presents.
The pit committee reported the result of their Interview with the .management, re the raising and lowering
of the men at No. 6 miner Report was
accepted as satisfactory.
Secretary .reported the action taken
in regard to the checking of cars at
No. 6 mine. The report was. accepted
as satisfactory. ,   • -
A communication was read from the
Distriot .Secretary requesting the Signature of our membeis in support of
legislation governing co-operative
stores before the house at Ottawa.
A .considerable amount of discussion
took place'in reference to the installation of .the electric lamp and, agree-
.ment with_regard- to sa.me.'    ' ■
While the situation on the Island has been apparent to most of us, Bob Walker certainly did
much to enlighten his audience at the Miners' Theatre last Sunday evening upon tlie true,significance
of the situation thci-e. <
.Many may have gone hoping to b'e regaled with
anecdote and reminiscence by the speaker relative
to the strike, but Comrade Walker's mission was
uot to tickle their cars with these but to place before them in clear, logical English not"so much the
effect as the CAUSE, -and in this he succeeded admirably. ,
His admonition to his hearers was to THINK!—
Tracing the history,/of tlie strike from the introduction of the U. M. W. of A. to the present dny,
the lecturer "thrilled the.audience with his account
of the deliberate attempt on the part of the military to incite thc Ntriliers, thereby giving Bowser's
hirelings an excuse to butcher them.   It seems al-
most beyond human comprehension that men could
bo so saturated with tho blood lust that they would
surround a body of dofoncoless men—men whose
greatest crime was that they had revolted against
tho severity ol: thoir slavory—and prepared to ruthlessly shoot,them down on the slightest proteose.
Their greatest crime was that they had revolted
a gainst the severity of their slavery.   True, they
had turned buck tho hirelings of a government
who.su record for vilenoss and corruption is one of
Ihe blaokosl shuns upon our boasted British cui-
stilution, but by doing this tliey hnd proved Iheni-
.selves men.   They objected to the suicidal practice
of going each day into a gnwoiw nud explosive nl-
iiiosphi't'c. and thoy aim) objected to trying to exist upon a wage that did not secure for them the
Imresi necessities of lifo.   What is more asinine
and suicidal than for a miner to tempt Providence
the worker who deliberately refuses'to support a
candidate of his own class, and'by his action places
the power in the hands of those who can'only be
his enemies.
Owing to a delay in the arrival of cuts from en-
gravers, we ai*e prevented from publishing the
president's argument, etc., in this finding, hut trust
next week to give our readers the full text illus-,
trated with line plan of the workings connected
with dispute.
We have this week succeeded in,arranging part
of bur prize list for our heading contest, which'will
close oni December 15th, by which dato all returns
must be co-mplete.
To avoid delay, wc would ask all - competitors
to send in their headings week by weok and thus
help us in deciding contest. If this i& done we can
publish tho standing of competitors ln each camp.
Tho competitors' mimes will not be published until end of contest, bul they will he given a number.
Noxt week wo hope to completo our list of prizes
for Pernio and other camps.
Wo wish to call the attention of our readers to
the generous response of advertisers in certain
camps, especially Bellevuo and Colomnn, nnd to the
handnome prizes thoy are donating.
The competition is the simplest we eould devise
and offers nn opportunity to all. Tt does not necessarily moan that thc greatest number of bondings will get the prize, hut tho highest total of added numbers on tho bonding. A regular sulwcribor
with threo or four headings mny secure a prize,
fn fact, thoro is an opportunity for nil to secure
n Imndnome Christmas present.
shows it is booked up* <to the'end -of
November. ., ^ 7 7  '-*,    •    '•
' While at work.on Tuesday night an
accident occurred, whereby -John Bev->
erldge, employed \in . the McGilliVTay
Ooal Company's mine at Coleman, was
injured,.A<stone fell'on him, injuring
his back and shoulder. He was taken
to the Hi-ospital, and attended ,by Dr,
Gonnely and is now progressing ijavor-,
ably.     '       .- . '•■       *_". -   .
Saturday last, ibeing'-pay day, passed off'quietly as usual,, -Coleman has
a great reputation /for orderliness on
the day the men cash! their, checks'.
The Town Council met on Tuesday
evening .and *trahsact©(i "routine business, iNo further action has been' tak-:
en as yet by the C. P. FLin reference
■to -the sidewalk over the right-of-way
to West Coleman  /  ■
Numbers of ne\y. houses iave been
erected in town and on the outskirts
of the corporation during the past six
months. About" a dozen, -have been
built'in West Coleman and a score
or more have sprung Into existence
immediately east of the town in, what
is known as Bushtown—along the road
to Blairmore—and on the bench above
that road1, while a number of residences, some of them. of the better
class, were constructed "on tbe hill"
section. It is conservatively' estimated tliat,fifty or more families have
been added to "the town's population
during the last twelve months and the
housing of these has made for considerable building activity.
\V. S. Black, B. A., the new principal
of the Public School, arrived on Saturday and began his duties on Monday morning..; Since taking charge
several new pupils have applied for
admittance, which is another omen >of'
the -continuous growth of Coleman's
school population. Mr, Black has taken
the bouse on Third Street recently occupied by Mr. Parker, and will shortly
bring bis family to town. ;,
Mrs. J. MacNeill, of Calgary, but a
former resident here, was in town on
Monday from Blairmore; -where she
has recently accepted the, .position of
local manageress of the Government
telephone system. Mrs. MacNeill succeeds Miss M. Sunstrum, who recently
resigned the position.
T. D. Brown, of Lethbridge, was In
town Tuesday and Wednesday, returning on Wednesday's local.
Miala D.'Stuart, of Blairmore, was a"
Coleman visitor between trains Wednesday .morning. , ,
W. A. Montgomery, of Vancouver,
was a guest at the Coleman Hotel during the week,
A so'cial evening was held on Tuesday at the Institutional Church Club
Rooms, the object of which was to
promote interest in Bible/Study and
the reorganizing of the Bible' Class,
'.which was formerly held Sunday afternoon in tho Church. A short program
was heard with appreciation and some
time was spent afterward in sociable
■conversation with cake and coffee provided by the'young ladies. .Musical
numbers were contributed by Miss
Macauley, Misses Allen and Mr.
Evans, and short addresses by Mr.'
Fairhurst and'-.Revv T. M. Murray, who
acted as chairman. - •'
Thoma&j Ede, '--.barrister,   of   Blair-
on the 27th'of November at the
herta Hotel..''    ••'■''.•.".    • . y • '
W. A. Beebe and' Mayor'Lyon were
business visitors to Calgary anij Edmonton this'meek. ' -. "\ ."J "'X .'•*,
- .Mr. Heinks) representing,-.the "Western Canada Agency, was in town on
, -.Messrs, Fitters, Smith and. Olson-
returned' from the South Fork on Monday afternoon, where they had been
bunting deer, at least that is what
they tell us although they did not
bring 'back anything to verify that
statement. ■*■/■,'■
A. "I. Blals was around town on'
Thursday.   "v    '
Billy Malcolm, of Malcolm & Irmi's,
•was in- town"1 this week. 'Billy states
that the snow has driven them out bf
their camp north'of Lille. Thoy-are
'now camping about one mile north of
Frank. ,   .,.
Angus MacDonald, of Coleman,
drove into town on Tuesday.
The .boys.'had a great time on Hal-
lowe'n, or anyway, they though so.
Tom Cyr states that the ear that he
has been trying to put in .motion for
the last six -weeks absolutely moved,
on its own account, from Dearborn
Street to the brickyard.
James Burroughs will open iip a
roller skaiting rink in the Opera
House.:.He expects tlie skates In this
week. WalterJHowe has'been secured as caretaker and promises to keep
the floor clean for beginners.
A.-A. Sparlies has purchased four
large ipictures of scenes in -the Canadian Rockies. They are quite an improvement Ito  the already  elaborate
••'Save your-headings and win 6he';of.'
our handsome' Christmas' ■presents,,-,:'
' Nevei; Again s-r;
'' Such 'a' salens this... The pins,."."-1
'.knocked from under, high'jwic-^V,'-"
es.   Madl order houses undersold-.
—ifactbry,-.prlce*§„sha/ttsred.>' -;-' -..'
. ..Read this annouiiceiuent-'frqia  .
. start to finish; It will pay you-.,
.handsomely,- • Test   each   state- '
meat word for word, and what ;
may here resemble exaggeration .,-
Ywill resolve itself, into the gospel
truth."' In order tb avoid all co-n-J
-fusionand.misunderstanding,-we ^
' ask you. to iead this document "
, often, tlien',bring it with you to ■
our sale ,of this Immense stock, -
so "there cannot be.the slightest ■,.
; mistak«:'regarding 'the prices,-,
etc, •"> Original tickets remain'on •
.goods unaltered.—see what you
' save. ', '"     ' „      •    .   «   -
Bargains galore—genuine bona .
tide sale. .   .        •   ->
,   It "is impossible to describe the -
.many hundreds of different articles contained in this store.
Such prices as we quote cannot
!be called cut j>rlccs or reduced
u* prices., Tliat does, not fairly ex-'"
press what an extremely small
outlay it will take to purchase
your entire supply for the year.'
...Your dollars will do double
work. Cold type cannot express,
falls to describe. values.   ■*.
Stewart Sura SellingService;
'' . Selling stock of
, R. M. BRISCO aaas?
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Puge S) •>
BEAVER MINE8-(CoritlmiMl)
■tlw uround for Itm erection hn* beon
elearotlcthlH woek, Cnrl SmRh ffot tho
contract for sinking tho lmnommit and
l/Utiilliumlii    U|ft.la'..uui    v.»     . »t»y.j.
Tin- 'il-U- ibf.i ii Jy Jif<l 1n Tmn
Mooro'* wtort'. nearly opposite tho
Tk*v<>r MIm* Pout Offlw. The Hotel
WM very bndly nfifliloil hew, a* wrontr
em vtnltlng the cnmp' ami ntopptaK
* .i f*    •    »
dn Hunk—the Bunkhouiie.
Baya your heading* and -win one of
our handnome ChrULma* pre*enti.
Robert Drown, onr muster mechanic,
•pent mott of U*t. week In Uo-iMe Jaw
wlfn-Mwrinc <««! Iwt* on hehAlf of ©ar
company. Bob report* work to be
very i^-W ftf th*> "•Tiiw," ni** ttnyn «w»
town nt -present i» trowioi wlUb Im*
mlfmnls from tbe Old Country, mho
mnt m\*tm.loyif4. Whether fat* mlmU**
will have the effe-rt «f mcntinit order*
"or not we cannot my Jet, bol th* wine
baa b-eeo Idle two <3*jr« thia week from
otackti'":3 nf trn<l* W* *•*»«» t«*»T.
irtwever, ilwrt auMkUnt orders bare
bt*on aemmt to k**i» the mine ntn-
ttliiR, »'.' 'ullly for twtno tlmn ond we
•r* hecitn** that !*• r#porl will mate.
Bnturduy wan .pay day at the mine*
ami trie niiiriajromeui nay ll wm me
i.l.,%tlt..li. k;aj   tU.l III,iim i.l***rl(i   \li iim
Oalt min***. The mult of It could
<w»ilf be (wi hy the crowded ttort*
In the city, which brought pleasant
smllon to faces of various merchants,
ft* vn«iy Irufciiwu -hnmiit) MtifitintiK io
the wants of the miner who spend* his
money eo freely.
The Cooperative camo In for Us
■hare of the good tlmo, and so much
so that H was found nocetaary to call
In ««>lflttince by way of another rlerk,
who, with their white suits and the
well lighted, polished and commodious
pretnlses. was a treat to all.
\X. Altoul, ruutld-cui uf Tivuk* ami
Labor Council, left Sunday night lor
Medicine Hat to attend the International convention at Mxfcorik aii.) Uricle
layers ns delegate from the local
branch of bricklayers, There are
vm.i'y tiattsAkai* tit %rn\\ Unj>o/ust«
In hn Amll mtth and If wlip mV* tht-
full week to got thronsh.
Mtaa U Wtteelan pnliM out on flan-
rfay nlltht for Rootland. Bh<-r»> **b* in
It "was regularly moved and seconded that a .special .pieetlng.be called for
Sunday afternoon, Nov.-9th, and Secretary be instructed to write.President
Smith .requesting his attendance on
that date.- .
Applicants for the week were twenty-one, .received and obligated.
♦ ^♦♦♦^♦♦♦' ♦.♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ' '    ♦
♦ • , ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Rev. Dr. Donnelly,1 O. M. I„ of
London, England, gave a lecture on
Socialism'before a' large and distinguished audience In the Coleman Opera Houso on Friday, the 31st Oct. Mr.
John Moor occupied the*, chair. The
Rev. Father De Lcstre was one of the
platform party. The Rov, Donnelly, In
hia opening remarks, «iiid ho was the
nearest approach to a Socialist In tho
hall as he owned no property or money and .the nature of his calling was a
guarantee that his life's work was In
the uplifting of humanity;, 'His subject, though large, was' treated ' ln
masterly atyle. He spared neither the
capitalists nor Socialists of tho Marx.
Ian or Bngels or Herr Debel school.
The workers, he said, didn't get a fair
return for thoir labor, but he clilded
them that tho remedy lay In their own
hands. Tliey hnd tho vote and evidently did .not know how to use It, Ho
quoted, for example, tho Lover Brothers', of Port Sunlight, England, ah a
syBtom whoroby tho workors get paid
trade union wnges, also participated
ln tlio profits at, tho eniJ of each yoar.
The Rov. Dr. Donnelly was awarded, a
hoarty vote of thanks for his locturo.
Tho Rov, Dr. Donnelly Is conducting
a mission in the 'Catholic Church during tho weok. His nubjects nro explanations of Cuthollti doctrine,
Tho Qoloman Football Club and of-
flolnlB woro photograph oil on Sunday
Inst with tho Crahan nnd Mutz Cup*.
A wrestling ma toll took .place In tlio
Coloman Opora House on Mondny
night, Nov. Hnd, botwoon Friink Saxon,
Into of Lancashire, Kngland, and J.
Clements, of lOdaon, Altn., for a sido
bot of |300. From tho moment tho
mon took tho trait it was soon that
Saxon .mount bunlnotm and nftor a de-
torminort effort on tho part of Clem-
m-untii, Saxon brought his man to tho
mat, after 13 minuton, with a full Nol-
son, Aftor a short Intorval the mon
faced one anothor for tho final bout,
which fell (o Saxon after nine minutes
hnd boon ticked off, thus winning
hand* dav-Ai,
Jack Johnston nnd other brother
Owls pnid a visit on Sunday, Nov. 2nd,
to brotlior Owls In Bellovue and ex«
changed ooootn, '
Richard Parker hai removed to his
■N»*lrt<»w« 1n \V*rt Pfllmwn
A. M. and Mrs. Morrison, of Cole-
lUaii, rttW IMjllI** a Will i*> C-vifciUJ  rtli-i
Medicine Hat and points oast.
Save your -heading! and win one of
our handsome Christmas presents.
«     Correction
Allow me to point out a mistake
octf-tirm) in your Dual iwmih,
more, visited our burg on Wednesday.
.Jlr. Ede Is much Impressed w'ith Coleman's ' stability.   •
E. Morino, of Blairmore, was in
town between trains on Wednesday. ■
Save" your headings and win one of
our handsome Christmas presents.
The Coleman'. -Mercantile, Co. have
decided to discontinue business on tho
17th Inst, and pending the' wind-up of
Its affairs will.go out of business: W.
L.. Oultmette will take over the toal-
anoe of the stock after that date and
will move his present stock to the
premises now occupied by the Mercantile. Mr. Oulmette (our mayor) haa
met with .success as a business man
and has thus demonstrated..his (faith
ln Coleman's future;' •
' Jim. Brown pulled out on Monday's
local for Bollovuo to Join his father,
who hut* mailed lo work In the rnlnos
0. McN'ah, ox-Board Mnmlier of IVs*
trict IS, has nccepted a position nt tho
The ladles of St. Patrick's Church
hold a Jumble «a|e In tho Minors' Hull
Thursday ot last wook In aid of tho
now Church, which wns fndrly patron-
lxod by tho ladiea In the surrounding
The Hungarians of Diamond City,
■Jimwutv tuiul ■UJ.'.Mhunu Imiii a reunion In Miners' Hall on Saturday evening, when a happy time waa spent
iby all.
Ooorge Siarko, who has been on hit
farm for the laat four years, lias rent-
Wil  ft&ttltt Dt-liU  *IM1*WM  Vu   »Wl. iii   Sll, i -MUCH
tt mine by way ot reereatlon (?). Coleman Locai eontrliiutod the -turn ot
The rater*' meeting of the North
ond of tba city held In Buranmn's Hall
Tuesday of thia week to consider tho
advisability of patting a candidate In
the field for pufollo work* commission,
er, waa the <b«*t meeting ever held on
this aide, the tail being taunt to lia
utmost capaoity. After tha chairman
auuuuuusi! lha object of thc mccUus,
be left the meeting open tor the ex-
pressing ot opinion, either for or
ag-ttlost. Tbe ball waa set rolling by
Mr. NimoMMt* pointing out whero we
In the {gut had not got a wjtmra ds-at
in accwdance witb Ibe nyath tAil*. Tbe
\tt*rrhttnt*' Aaao-HatJen *I«o *ram# In
lor a dMl of criticism from name of
the jr-t-tttlaUM-it aad also from some of
the proapeetlve camllftatr* who wore
tfvA* r**»alnlng «** mrmth* on a vUlt pmiMit. WsrUameMsry rnllna was
to hft parent* and mar.) tricmU.        not the order ot the m-retlng but, all
$100.00, not m.OO as stated, to Vancou
ver Island fund. '
Coloman Fodtball (Sub are inaklrig
arrangements for a huge amoker at an,
early date, when cups and medals will
•be -presented to the winners.
Mr. ■Blonnor. of Fernlo, was a Oole-
man vlaltor on Sfoiwhy, Oot &rd,,
A SocUlUt iuw-mUiiii Wiu tu luiv-u
inker) placo in the Opera House on
Sunday, Oct. 2nd, but the apeaker
failed to torn up. What's the matter
with the Horlailsri* In Colemanf
Mr. .T. OrpRory ban retnrnoA to <tal«
home In Coleman after a miasm In
Banff, where he bed Wn ton' tho ttooA
Of his hrnitn,
Tbe Coleman Open* lions*, under
the m«mi(.'/.mf-nf of Mr. Jark John-
■ton. I* doinr rr«* hntlnot*. What
with   picture  shows and travelling
A Correction
We regrot that a rather serious typographical error should have occur:
rod In the Coleman notes in our Issue
of last 'week. In reporting, the amount
■contributed so generously by the Coleman Local Union/ to the Vancouver
Defenco Fund, there was a discrepancy of $99, the amount of cheque sent
fcSlng $100. '   '
The success of the Stokes benefit
concert was in largo measure due to
the committee of the Carbondale Local, who wero responsible for lt and
to whom congratulations nro duo. It
consisted of Jas, Hilling (chairman),
J. O. C. McDonald, D. Roberts, J. Din-
ny, A. Derbyshire, Wm. IJ\irns and J.
A. J. Hughes nnd JI. J. Brodley, of
Bollovuo, woro Coloman visitors' on
Saturday last.
■H. II, Roborts visited Blalrmoro on
Wednesday, roturnlng oni the ovonlng
local. .
Mr. Lank, of Blnlrmoro, was In town
on ibuslnoss about tho middle of tho
Mrs. A. E. Porter will loavo with
hor daughter Iloloti. about Thursday
noxt for Forglo, near Edson, whoro
thoy will Join Dr. Porter ond at which
placo tho doctor has beon locatod for
some tlmo, Whilo regretting thoir departure, thoy will -carry with thorn to
their now homo tho bcBt wishes of a
largo clrolo of Coleman frlonds,
. Jas, Ho woll mndo a bu8lno»B trip to
Cnlgary early tn tho wook.
"Tho Barrier," which was Wednesday night's attraction nt tho Opora
House, rocolvod n fair recaption from
tho mullenco prosont.
J, Pldgoon, of Crow's Most, wa» n
Coloman visitor during tho latttiv part
of thn woolc
Mndam .Howells, who rocolved a
groat ovation at the Stokes concort. ils
mooting with success ln securing pupils for Instruction In violin, Coleman
Is fortunate in having as residents In*
dlos so talented na Madam IIowolls
and hor -nlster, Mm. Dories,
MaoKoon Hunter was tup from Hollo-
vue on Sunday last, visiting friends in
•.„„.,.        -II,,-    ,„...,   II   ,.,   „.'!   |„,n   11,., I 'l.v
and Mra. Hunter reoentlv attendpd a
ball at Ulalrmoro, . .
.   A.Correction '
Dear Sir,—Would yon "please correct the statement that you had In
your paper last week concerning the
•llwrwrrpn on eththlMmi In Vr CooA-
evo's window belnjr for tlio benefit of
Sir*. Kllgannon? It haa nothing at all
to do "with her and tho 'proceeds are
not to -be given to her. I wish you to
make this plain In your paper of this
I am, yours truly,
MRS. .TAMTCfl KllJlAiXtilW.
Coleman, Alta., Nov, 4, 1913.
Watch, this Space
Wo will furnish your houso from cellar to garret
and at bottonuprices.- Call-, write, phono.or wire.
Wis have the.complctcst stock in the,Crow's Nost
"if you are satisfied, tell others; if not satisfied,
toll us, v
Coleman Hardware Store
F. M. Thompson Co.
••The Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry
Goods, Crockery,
Boots arid Shoes
M. Ilosse and fjmJIy. who for the
,p»»t twelve months have bt*m w*M-
Ing.ln Calgary, have returned to Walr-
motto. Mike thinks Blairmore the bet*
iter town of the two.
The Oddfellow* of Blairmore, .tariffs
Ko. US, will hold their annual banqoet
tm. wl
Carloads this week
of Apples, Potatoes
and Groceries
We buy in large quantities and
are therefore able to sell cheaper
than many other stores.
Thai mtorm Tlmt mmtrmm vou M«sysr
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blaiftnore, Alta, •'.'-■>". cV
.." ../'
V ",^"'"'.'.,"i
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*""**&**^*Mkk*kkkAM-*^^ t -mr- ;■*   ,    i
  TTTTTyVy^»Vy>VV»VVVVV»¥»»¥»»»«>tM<riiwwii>TYTTTTT¥V¥V»yv^''w ~ — „„  .     '     *
/^s~b—**■ -^-——_■ ___   -          'TT^^*»vyv»»i»»yvv»»¥¥¥TV¥¥¥¥WMM¥MMMYTYYYyifyT
■ t
• t
• t
Bellevue, - Alta.
Dry Goods
,1 ,\.
$20Fop You-$20
announcement '
See,   Our    Heading   Competition   on   Page   3
>, China
-Sc Glassware
AHmds®me T@a Set
Watch this Space.   See
our window    ;
Special Announcement next week
(See-iour Heading Competition on page 3)
•♦ ♦ .♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
BELLEVUE NOTES     .      **-
Charlie Burrows.had a'live time
with a gee gee which he wished! to
drive to Burmis. John Teresca was
called upon to assist and lend his"persuasive influence, but the horse resented the InterferencevAnd expressed
■same so forcibly that1 John has been
■inca/pacitated since., Too ' bad—ihe
J. R.' "Macleod and Tom Phillips
were at the North Fork this week, but
report game scarce.
Joseph Fursboug, an old timer, of
this camp, returned here this week to
take over tho barber's chair at the
Cole pool room.
'Paddy Hughes, of Fernie, was ih
camp early this week visiting friends.
Hallowe'en.iwas 'celebrated here, the
boys having a good time. Several of
the out houses were rolled over the
hill into the coolie.
President J. E.. Smith was ln camp
on Sunday on business.
There,, was a Belgian miner, named
Vandorp, hurt at No. 2 mine on Friday
while following his occupation; 'He
had his .shoulder broken., He Is doing
a3 well as can be expected but it -will
be some ,.tlme before he will be able
to work again.'
-   Mrs. Step-hen Humble was visiting
friends at Burmis this week.
•   BllU'e Cole expects his new billiard
table this,*week.    He reports things
good.   ■,
\lr. Donald McMillan, who has' been
working iu camp for some time, .moved
his family to camp this week.
Jas. Naylor has something special
in the rubber line thig week, price 50
cents.. Compare 'em.with out of town
'Prices.   They are sure bargains.
Mr. Fred Wolstenhome is now occupying the house at the Rosedale Dairy.
James Naylor has just received a
new shipment of ladies' and children's
underwear. ' s
The Bellevue Brass Band gave the
first of a series of concerts in the
Lyric Theatre-on. Sunday evening last,
the building being packed to capacity.
'Following is the .program: Band, "The
Cossack," "Bohemian Girl," "The Challenge," "Queen's Guards," "Sun of my
•soul," "Sons ' of Victory," "Advance
and Retreat," "Joyful Christian." Several -vocal and Instrumental solos"' and
duets also helped brighten the .program;
The mines weje, idle for two days
this week, a break in the fan being
the reason.
Mj;. Joseph. .Stephenson represented
Provincial'.Sunday School" Convention
held at ^ethbridge last week.   '•
The Rev. W. Irwin is conducting his
second week of educational talks at
•Michel, The People of Michel are taking a great Interest in same.
Joe Stephenson, fireboss at No, 2
mine, .was .laid up the-greater part of
the week with a bad cold. |
Mr. .William Galimore sang a solo
at the service in {he Bellevue Methodist Church on Sunday night which was
much appreciated,
The Junior Bpworth League met ln
the Methodist Church on Monday afternoon as -usual, -Mrs.' Gilbert Cous-
ens In charge. Miss Simla Lechtl read
a very interesting *po>uer.
Miss Grundy, of Fernie, Is visiting
In camp this week, the guest of Mr.
and Mrs. Hugh Hutton.    . ,
Mr. Wallace Raynor left camp Wednesday on a business trip to Medicine
Thore ia no more acceptable gift
than a healter, nnd .when this Is one
of the best and most serviceable on
the market the -gift ls doubly acceptable, Mr. Humble Is giving you ono
of the best heaters for the money obtainable—as.k him to show you what
he Ib doing.
When you started -housekeeping
your crockery pantry was tjCllIed possil-
bly by friends who desired to express
their appreciation, but since thon you
have watched your stock gradually
diminishing until now It.sadly needs
replenishing. Mr. A. I. Blals has a
hnmlaomo ton sot that ho wishes to
give yon—Just take a look at It, This
will bo usoful and serves to remind'
you of what you nood In the grocery
Dont neglect to see .fames Naylor
and secure your Christmas suit. Also
take a look nt tho handsome milt ho
Is, giving away in our competition.
Valuoo In 1ils store will -eonvpnro IV
vorably with nny catalogue houso In
tho country, Ask Jamos to show you
•wlmt ho Is giving In our compotltlon.
If You Found $20.00,
Whit Would You Buy?
■Win tho 120.00 ordor on his storo
-that T, M. Burnett is offering nnd you
can nnawor tills nuostlon, Think what
you buy In dry goodu for 120.001 Air.
Burnett will glvo you this absolutely
froo to buy what you llko Jn his store
—no restrictions.
Our Competition
No moro aching bucks or tired arms
If you win tho splendid washing .mu-
olilno that tiuvQoodnvo Co, are giving
ftlwolutely froo in onr bonding compe.
tltlon. Tho wife goes cooking whilo
tho machine goes wnBhlng, it I* ab.
solutely the last word in lnbor-«tivlng
machinery. It -will save your laundry
bill, mvo your clothes, save your
money aud -save your wife.
(WATCH rae screen ai the Lyric
Theatre for announcement about our
(There will be some special features
at the' Lyric Theat next week'
Waltch' the screen,
Bellevue Local Union Notes    ♦
, Our regular meeting convened -with
a little larger- attendance than usual
probably accounted for by the fact
■that Pres., Smith was known to be in
the   neighborhood-,   and   bad   made
known the fact to us through the columns of the Ledgerhls intended visit
which, by the, way, is his first visit to
■the   Local   since   election to office
Thero   being  nothing  of  much   Importance,, only the usual quantity of
mistakes in our measurements, Pres
Smith took the floor and told us how
we came to get that munificent price
for .a three piece set, which in some I
cases took Quite a bit of driving home
especially that of a-reduction of $1 40
per .set ■ But eventually it got home
-especially after heaTing of the Coal
Creek finding,   Well, the Looal, on a
•motion which was unanimous, declared Pres. Smith had done his part. We
•then had the .pleasure of hearing him
recount bis experiences'since taking
office, also the continued growth of
■the U. M. W. of A. in District IS in
Spite of the Lethbridge Herald's assertion to the contrary. ■ Hfe also touched
on his visit to the Trades and Labor
Congress, "with which you are,all familiar by this,-timo, ,as the delegates'
report is out in pamphlet form." Pres.
Smith's address was very favorably ra
■ceived.   We shall be pleased to see
him again at any time or any of the
Next item of note was a motion to
hold our meetings every Sundlay instead of every other, so that we can
use more often a sadly neglected
clause of our ritual, viz., "Discussion
in the interest of organized labor,"
which carried. But time -will tell haw
It carries out.
■Next a motion was to the'effect that
we get Pres. Smith to call a meeting
of the Executive Board to discuss 'and,
if possible, find some means of offsetting the findings of the two last
boards re Bellevue and Coal Creek.
Although, the miners here at Pass-
•fiurg are favored with steady work, it
is not so .with the haulage crew. It
seems that they haul too fast or the
miners dig too slow, as they may be
late  returnll!s ^orae 3retty °ft»n of
It seems that the government lias
seen Sit,to extend the chicken'season
another month. According to information received by the Observer thev
would much appreciate the extension
if they had the privilege of a chance
to hunt .seeing that the majority of
the working slaves have to work six
days each week ln order to exist, and
then on the seventh day are denied tho
chance of using that day as they like,
such extension will not appeal to those
who cannot afford to lose a day's
•work. Why not give the slave the
privilege of spending Sunday ln the
church or in bush? That would go
a long, way towards freedom of
thought and action .which ,we are sun'-
poseiL-tg. enjoy.
■ .We have had no report up to date ot
any big game brought to Passburg.
All the boys seem to have the same
complaint upon reaching home, empty
stomachs and cold feet. Never mind
boys, better luck next trip.
• i. a
Stores at
Sec   Our   Hcctclinj*;
Contest on page 3
Bellevue     -     Alta.
Proprietor.      J. 0; JOHUfSTOKB
A nie*, clean, eowforUbta
hall—optodtte picture* — ot.
pert proJ*ctfon.
A boos* wtwr* you ean upend
the erenlng *hd U care of com.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦«*►♦♦♦♦♦,*.
♦ ' *+.
♦ By Observer      - -+-
_♦ ' ■*" ^
<*7<* ♦♦^ 4>&-+-4>%r+* ♦'•♦
y?e are'pleasad to,see our old friend
Mike Nimek, practically' recovered
from the very severe accident which
befel 'him whilst following his occupation as miner at the Police Flats mine
However, -after being laid up for a few
months, Mike Js once more in harness
and prepared to take another chance
in onder ,to be among the other boys
•at the dining table.
Two'of our old friends, Nat Evans
and Ben Lewis, blew'into town, last
Monday from the mountains, where
*hey. had been prospecting for some
time, and'report things looking -pretty
blue just now out at the prospects'.
The company having no more improvements to do until the spring, this
■has iput the shutters up, thereby causing, our old Mends the Inconvenience
of rustling a n*iw home. Nat claims
ho has not been long, enough In any
one place around this country .to have
the opportunity of finishing the eong
he Ib so well acquainted with, namely,
".Home, Sweet Home,"    '
•Dick Beard and Nat .Howells took a
trip Into the mountains Snturday last
In qupst of deer. The'best .they could
do wna to get one bad cold each and
had lt not been for their whisky fiaske
they claim they would never have
made tlie grade home.
Mrs, T. Tonge was a visitor here at
Passburg last Monday morning, leaving for homo on Monday night. Mrs,
Tonge declares thoro Is no place Woo
Lundbreck, »
Mrs. Carhwrlght returned home
from Lundbreck last Saturday, night,
whore she hns been for two weeks, on
a visit to iter relations, who own a
flno ranch near Lundbreck.
A fine concert nnd dance .was held
at tho bonrdflng house, Pollco Flats,
last Saturday evening, which \Vas woll
attended, thero being .present about
fifty ladlCB anil gentlemen. Tho chair
•was occupied liy Mr. Harry Blnko, who
conducted, 'the proceedings In a very
■able manner. Tho music wns supplied
by tbo Passburg Orchestra, who flllotl
the bill to a nicety.
Mrs. Duncan and M1s« Boll, school
toachors ltero, gave tho klddlos qulto ix
troat on Hallowe'en day, which tho
kiddles very much appreciated, some
of tho tough ones declaring that lt
wnn iboitter thnn tho bout licking ovor
thoy hnd nnd nro anxiously walling
for tho noxt good timo.
Mrs.   Chambers, wnn  visiting  h<*r
lends at Coleman last Friday,
mnny friends ...  	
returning homo on Friday night.
•The boys horo nro wondering whothor they are going to havo a .good
bath this side of Christmas or not.
The wash-house Is practically finished,
but thero does not seem to bn any
groat hurry to put thu finishing touch
on, Howevor, the company has .certainly built a substantial ono this 'tlm©
and ovory ono Is waiting for tho signal
tn  ,-Hvn       »   ir>*rin.f./*m   titit  h^fl-ti.  „   „„„ *,
bath for about two years would "rer"
utility appreciate tho dive,
The workers at Hurmis are onco
more idle. Tli rough uida roason or
other thoy cannot get »uw>lle<1 with
enrs, no Uio coal company decided, to
«hut down until such tlmo a* Uno c, P.
a, th/u hC-coifiTiioutti**-) ineirn ttxih wutli-
dont oan;. We trust that such difficulties will soon be adjusted at tho
workers of Burmis lmvo certainly bad
a bad run this last threo or four
Mr. and Mrs. Thompson, of Hlko,
wont visitors horo to ftMbtir* hu»t
Tuesday, leaving lor homo W«lnet-
Mrs. HaiKJa.ua family, wlu> w«mifes-
ld«mU of Pass-burg for * numbor of
years, have been Wilting their many
friends here. Mrs. Ilapt and family
left Paat&urir about -tight omhiMmi ago
to take up the saloon business In the
virlnlty of Cslgary and report but)-
It la reported that Mr, Wolcfa, tfo*
yonn* fellow who not crushed tMtwem
the enrs «t tho mines horo « week or
to «fft is tMncOTMalat a* w«n as
might lw expected and we bop* <«, m*
Mm alright again in tho timr future.
Mrs. ,T. J. Thomas returned to her
■home .here on Monday night after a
long.holiday at Pocahontas. -■'
Jlr. and Mrs. Weist left on Thursday for Milwaukee, U.1 S. A., where
Jlrs. Weist is going to spend the winter.
A new night operator has -arrived
for the C. P. R. telegraph station to
take the (place of Mr. McColl, who was
driven-back to Callforniian'weather by
the sight of the -snow, on the mountains. Jlr. Dooley, Uie new man, hails
from Lundbreck, and has taken up
residence in the house vacated by air
W. J. McGowan. .    ., .,.
Mt. McGregor, a brakemanon'the
C.-P. R.,-,moved bis family to town
last week.
■ The building at one'time'used as a
residence for the presidentof the coal
.company, is now being temporarily
used as a hospital and ..will continue to.
be till the new hospital in Blairmore
is completed.
s Mr. and Mrs. Graham, of-England,
arrived in town on Tuesday morning
and are the guests of Mr. Graham's
sister,   Jlrs.   Geo.  Pattison,  of Lime
A little boy of about eight year3 of
age was brought to the 'hospital here
the early part cf the week, having
■had his .leg taken off by a freight
train. It was recess time and two
boys had jumped Oon the train for a
ride'. iTliis should'serve as a warning
to others, especially around Frank, because nearly every day children can
be seen, climbing into empty cars on
the mine switch, picking up grain that
remained in the cars. Unless parents
take a 'warning an accident may be
expected any time. The children
going to and from school constantly
climb under the cars rather than go
■to the crossings at either side,
Married, at the Methodist parson-
age, Frank, by the Hev. W. T. Young,
on Monday evening, Nov, 3rd, Joseph
Isaac Lathem, of Frank, Alta., to Miss
Dolly Stenson, of Reston,'Manitoba.
Mr. Gerald Gardiner passed through
town west on Wednesday evening.
Hallowe'en has com© and gone and
the most of the people are gla& The
boys and girls were all out for a big
time and tho usual happened whom a
crowd of youngsters got together.
They wont too far; ordinary JokeBworo
too tamo for them, and considerable
damage wasi done. As a result tho
policeman wns out aftor ovldenco next
morning. .However, the smnller bays
can't be blamed so much. Thoso who
were resiponBtblo for them getting out
at all have to bear their share of It.
Wo hopo thnt when noxt Halldwe'en
nrrlvos neither tho parents nor tho
boys will havo forgotten this objectionable features of such actions.
Gent's  Furnishings, Boots and
Tho sjiiofcor hold on Saturday night
for tho 'benefit of the now sick and
Accident Club might be written a fall-
ure bo far as tho benefit was concerned, and this was duo to tho timo of
starting bolng far too lato, On the
Sunday previous, when It was decided
to run a smoker, the management of
tho Now Hair wore present and gave
tho commltteo two options: 'ihoy
would run thoir Saturday night pic-
turos off on the Friday evening uiul
rout tho hull to Uio Local on tho Sat-
uiHlay night; or thoy would run their
pictures olf an hour earlier ou the Bat-
urdny evening and let tho Local have
tho iroo uso of tho hall for tho smoker
nl'tor 0 *]i,m, Tlio coinmittee. thinking
they woro getting sotnothlng for noUi-
Ing, accepted the latter option, but it
only confirmed tho truth of the old
a»w, "Thing* got for nothing are gon-
erauy worm what they cost," The pic;
turo hall wan -packed audi tho pictures
were good, so the management, to
roakoiho.pott of things, showed tliolr
ten o'clock nml n« l» wm
time, thoae who had seen th« show
bad sufficient, entertainment for the
night and rotlr-ed. The malority of
thoso who wore waiting outside for
the wnoker to commence got tired of
waftim*!. fin-d ot* thn ntubi wn* rom
went home also, About half the num-
bor provided) for attended the amoker,
but os the takings scarcely met the
expenses <here wai no "bone" left for
the Club. However, ihe boys spent a
Jolly night entertaining each other.
Tho singing, aa lc usual at smoker*,
wns xoott, w the mn wan l^pOip tilt
the mm' hours on Sunday morning.
Many ind groat wer» the sore* hwuls
n«*i, day owing chiefly to tho supply
of boot* being far in excess ol reason-
able requirements, whilst tho*e who
were wiapccted of having "something
In tha bottle for the morning," had
their hoUMs immlntui with hunter* af.
ttr «y*« opener*
A long felt wa.u U About u> u »u*,»-
VlJod at Umvat, On Oct. ifith last
Mtmtmt. Shaw and Abrahams, t'lnchor
Crook, -secured a Jkenno for a *akxm
to4* known M tbe rkisrer ir^d, *n*\
*"y<*»jsui ji»u
«hpn wrt
(Cbotlniied on page tour.,
See special announcement
next week
$20.00 SUIT
Absolutely Free
Watch   This  Space Next Week
$15.00 Heater
We are giving a handsome heater to you free
Ranges, Heaters, Baths
Tinware, Carpets, Guns
Rifles, Paint, etc.
Everything for the home.
A complete stock and
prices to compare with
Calgarv and Winning
Bellevue Hardware Store
See   Our   Headinjr
Contest on page 3 ■ *.-•.-*■<*-;■,
i, -.*
.    tr-
IS '
J ' *
Directory of Fraternal
ta^.-Miw*. ~* «c.
Meets every, Wednesday
evening at S o'clock in K. P.
Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, J. B. Melklejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays In
each month.
<   John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
?Nleot every Tuesday at-S
p.m. in tliolr own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton.
IL of Ik S„ Chas. Buhrer.
IM. of F., Robt. Dudley.
Meet  every  Monday  at  8
p.m. in K: of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, W_F. Vance,
SOCIALISM: Promise or
Rejects Socialism
Offers Alternative
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue   ,
FERNIE      \       .       .       :       B. C.
My opponent's general statement of
•the methods,.that.! we have agreed to
follow in the discussion now beginning
leaves nothing- under tbat head for me
to add, subtract, or otherwise modify.
Tie is to .defend Socialism in the ways
that seem best to -him, and I am to
oppose it witli whatever weapons I
choose. His generous .personal references to me are naturally gratifying,
even though .strict candor would -compel me to admit thaJt they are not •entirely deserved. In the spirit as well
as the'matter of his first article , he
sets a standard of courteous, dispassionate writing which I will at all
times emulate. The debate will bo
ono of Issues, not of personalities.
Mr. Hilil-quit's delimitation of the
subject matter and Ihis conception of
the sources and standards for argu-.
mentation are on the whole Uie same
as mine. Not any of .tho minor schools
and varieties, but International Socialism is the thing that wu are to delwie.
The doctrines and policies of this system as set forth in national and international conventions, "constitute the
most indisputable authority on thc
subjects with which they deal." Never:
theless "there are certain other sources which .can not prope-ly be left out
of account.". For the living thing called Socialism is underlaid and permeated by a fairly definite social philosophy, and "is not devoid of ethical ani
spiritual imipli-oations."
These .elements are to be found in
the pronouncements, whether by voice
on the .platform or by pen in books
and journals, of the recognized author-
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
' , Offices:  Eckstein Building,
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typcvfrttcrs
Fernie. B.C.
1 .*
•J             ' f
- *
\?"     ■     -  ■
". C. Lawe                 ..Alex. 1. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
If '*
li »f
hi ■    •■
B '   '     °~
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
' Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
ties and representatives of the Socialist movement. .What tbey -say and do
must be .taken as the legitimate expression, of the movement until it Is
formally -repudiated. Some of the most
Important- of these' authoritative persons are named and others are alluded
to In Mr, 'HUlquit's article. They .would
be accepted as adequately representative Socialists by any intelligent-stu-i
dent of Socialism. His cou-ception; of
the limited sense to which, they are-
recognized as authorities by their fellow Socialist® is likewise -une-xceiption-
There is, however, one statement
made'by ray opponent concerning ithe
competency of these authorities which
is not entirely adequate. Tbey. are,_
he tells us*, authorities only "on the
auoject of Socialist economics and politics.' - Their opinionis on all other topics! -must neither be credited nor -charged to the Socialist movement. For example, the views of Bernard Shaw ■concerning the drama do not necessarily
reflect the Socialist' thought on .that
topic. -   .
'- I admit the correctness of this' con-
tentlon, and for three good .reasons:
jeot are apparently ■peculiar ito himself; second, they do not appear in
those of his. writings which deal sipe-
cifically with Socialism; and, third,
th'ey are not placed* by him In any definite relation to Socialism ,or Socialist .philosophy.
When, liowever, Mr. Hillqulst thus
■contiiniiies: "and, perhaps in a minor
decree, it ils similarly unwarranted, to
claim that Bngeil'is religious beliefs or
Bebel's views on the ins ti tuition' of the
family -represent the Socialist concept
tions on .these subjects," he understates the Importance and relevance
of these particular utterances. As I
shall try to show at length In tihe proper place, such noiueconomic oplmlons
as thes© have a direct and significant
bearing on Socialist (philosophy and
the Socialist movement.
Socialism—A Threefold Theme
We are, Mr. HiMqult states in his
■closing paragraph, to discuss' Social-
Ism under a threefold aspect. W« shoill
consider lt not merely as an economic
and political -system, but ia}so as a social philosophy and a living social
movement. Were \ve to do less than
ithlB, our -treatment of the subject
would bo partial, misleading, andi In*
ftdioquflit'Q. Every social ideal puraiod
by. a iBooIal group Involves a movement and a philosophy. If thero bo ex-
copfbloim to this rule they do not .In*
oludo In their number' tho subject of
this debute. Adequately icoiwlilwod,
Socialism1 l« an end, a means, and a
sot of fumkmontnl prlncl-ploft-i Tho
end Is 'tho Soclnllst Stnto, or Socialist
rooTwuilzntloiii of society; tho mmxw
in tlio concreto Socialist .movement
with lis organized political party, Its
literature, and lis general -propnwuMln;
whilo tho principles or philosophy consist miilnly of nn Interpretation of history, and a theory-of Boolal forces nnd
social -evolution. '
Although tho flncl-nllst State might,
conceivably bo cherished and Htrlvcn
tn" by 11 different hind of movement
from thnt known aB InitorniHIonal So*
eliiHnm, nnd. might »tnrt from nnd ho
motived by. a.different hocIiU *p1UIob-
ophy, tlio'fact Is thnt. tho movomont
and tho philosophy with which wo
lisivo to ilcnl nro thoso which Mr. lllll-
quit 1ms oiilllnod. It is this living roal-*
Ity nnd not some Imaginary or artl-
flclnl BoclnllRtn flint wo uro to dtocims.
A Threefold Rejection
Thus fnr wo nro In agreement, Tlju*
fur, uiul 110 farther.   For t reject and .
opposo BodallBm In nil throo aspects. c™„;,
Ah u soclel plillosophy, It roaches
pome RllmmerliigM of truth, but Is In
tlio mi*ln false, An a HvIiik .movomont,
It Involves nud dlsfiomlnntcs ao ninny
nnd such bnn-nftil errors, social, rdllg-
lon«, and ethlrnl, thnt !t Is »t eonHtiint
menace to rlfcht, principle and a right.
order of society. As a contemplated
■Honomlco-poUtleal scheme, it would
bring In moro and grantor evils, than
V.'3.il3i' lidliVntr 1V.r-"f tMVpt dei"1,tied
vlewn regnnllng *Ho<«mll«m, I would
hnvo tho render tindwratnnd *h«t I nm
mi iin. uniHscrimlnfttlnK npologlit of
tho pro.sv.nt. Industrial system, In mnny
of lt» wlcmwts It Is fltr, very fnr, from
. .,,. t,tr.tnt*v tit. inldrnWi.     It Vt« 4ti  It
tho powdbilltles of Ininienne liiiprovc-
ment Hence wo nro not compelled -to
■ronthiuft lt ns It now Is or 10 liy to
Boclnlism. Thero ts a third ellernn-
tlvo. namely, tito oxIstlriK syslflin
Brently, even radlcnlly, nmendeil.
And Ihis t bfillove to be Hie only
roivcomih!.1 cbofr-*, fl"'' H"* 'mir »1ndll^
(ng mitcome,--Kv«*ryt>o<ly,s MiiKanin-e.
arise only oyer the question of the extent of the' needed Improvement and
the methods of accompiisnment.
The old^line .politicians and statesmen and the conventional philanthropists and church workers take it for
granted that the prevailing order of
society is fundamentally sound, and
that its workings are on the wholo
just and Ibenefiolal. The few social
flaws .which they discern they consid--
er as .purely accidental, something in
the'nature of a slight bruise or troublesome pimple on a healthy body-." , *
The more modern political reformers and social-betterment workera
ha.ve a somewhat wider range of social
vision*, but they too do not question
tlie foundation of the body social and
politic. The difference between the
most advanced reformer and the most
conservative "stand-patter" is one of
degree, not of substance. The distinguishing, feature of Socialism as a social philosophy, lies In the fact that dt
is more scientific in its criticism and
more radical in its remedy.   ■     . \
Socialism proceeds from a thorough-,
going analysis of the practical workings of the existing economic, ipoliti-
cal, and social institutions. It refuses • to treat their multiform, shortcomings as accidental and unrelated phenomena, but endeavors to establish
their mutual bearings and to discover
their .common, source. • Its attack is di'
rected primarily against that source;
the underlying social wrong, which is
the root and fountain-head of all minor
and specific complaints.
The-most serious social problems
which confront the present generation
may be grouped under five main
heads, which together cover practically all phases of our communal existence—the economic, cultural, social,
political, and intellectual. Of these the
economic problem'is iby far the most
important, and -deserves our first at'
Industrial Anarchy
The striking feature of the'.modern
■plan of industrial organization in its
early phases of development is the'
lack of plan and absence of organization. In the most vital function ©^associated human beings, .the "production of wealth," which means the process of sustaining life, anarchy reigns
supreme. The necessaries and comforts of the community are not' produced on an intelligent plan based 011
the needs of the population and the
available suipply. of raw material and
productive, forces. > They are created
and thrown into the marl-ret pell-mell
by an indeterminate number, of- individual competing and unorganized
The system .involves ,an insane
waste of human effort in duplication
es, advertising, and other unproductive factors of- competitive warfare.
Work is unregulated and uncertain., periods of strenuous and taxing activity
alternating with seasons of enforced
idleness. The planless -, and casual
mode of production often results either in a. scarcity or In a superabundance of supplies. ' ,
In the'former case,.the price of products rises to a point which puts them
beyond the reach of the needy consumer, and the latter .is apt. to inflict
on- society that most fearful of capitalist scourges—the industrial crisis. ■
When the market ~ls stocked with
such an excessive quantity. of commodities that the consumers .Have
nol'ther ability .nor means to absorb
them1, Industrial paralysis ensues. The
•wheelsof production cease to turn, the
arteries of trade are clogged. -Millions
of workers are thrown out of employment, thousands of business enterprises collapse. .Men, women, and children succumb for want of.'food and
clothing, and all the time food and
clothing are- plied up In prodigious
quantities, rotting for lack of custom
The competitive' system of private
capitalism erorits an insurmountable
barrier between tho workers and. their
work, botwoon tho people and their
Theso glaring dofects of competition
In manufacture and trado ultimately
load to Its ipartlal suppression. Tho
capitalists begin to organize, Tho Individual .merchant and imnnufncturor
yield to tho 'corporation, and the latter
rapidly grows Into that most .modorn
of Industrial monBlors—tho .trust. Tho
trusts succeed In eliminating aomo of
tho ovlls of unbridled competition, but
thoy exact a torrlblo price for the .service. With Uio control of the .market
In each Important Industry they ac
(Iulr© practically, Hiirostrlctuil puwers
ovor tho workors an woll as tho consumers, and thny do not hesitate to
uso and abuso thoso powors to the utmost,
1 To tho trusts furthermore bolongB
Iho credit of having porfoctod tho
most pornlclous of modern methods of
flnnnolal mftlprnotlso—tho "watering"
of stocks. In creating by their moro
flat now liicomo*.boarlngl"Boourlt.loB"
to tho oxtont of billions of dollars,
thoy Impouo « hwivlor tax on tho people of this country thnn tho combined
organs of government ovor dared to
f4e#fv« Th* t-eifffffr <ton't Mum* i»*
Wcteh the date of ths expiration of
tht lame label eontalnlno your «d<
MR. hiluquitt: most modern
That the world needs mending, Is
generally taatoAtni. It is the tacit ut-
iMiiupUou. fWM which ppki'.:.1 all moi'
«rn imcUl Mxti-pftHtkal »< tl Wiles, even
tlmo ot tho most, conservative nhnr.
And tho nation, lib at prasent organized, Ih holploss boforo thorn. No
amount of denunciations will shako
thoir massive foundation, no penal legislation or court docroos will curtail
thoir tromondous powors, as the slur'
dy cotipsoB of the Standard Oil Conn-
puny, tho Tobacco Trust, MiA othor
dissolved ami disemboweled, combines
eloquently Attest, -In tho face of pop-
,,!„,. M^,,,*,,***,.*. oh-i iMtP-nnMnn Miev "timl
Uko hiiRo giants, complnconlly grinning »t tht» imiioUiiil nu.iuij.ji ul t*cit-
ed |i> guiles, and tho -nhnncos nre th.it
they may ovon .pay llttlo hood to tho
well-meant MKgoitlon of my opponent
that nil monopolies "should bo -forth-
with ftbollAhod."    •
IIIH   UniM*   ItAiv    t*tr,*.*t    kti*j.,t-...  *
Industrial anarchy. They havo reared
In Its .plane tho formidable throno of
Industrial autocracy,
. Economic Iniquity
Tho floonomlc ascendancy of Uio
capitalist* fplaeeeihem in a position to
Apportion'- tho anhuul product of tho
country «raonB Its lnhn'bitiuvls. To be
sure, they *» not dlwhargo that ftine-
tion cons«lou»ly. or plawfully thc> op-
prato iwliwctly, each within his own
Kphere; tout tho collective mult of the
procoes «nount# to an effective division of we«tth, periodically accomplished by. Iho otpttaltat cine* 11
And tlie Pl*n -upon irhlcn tbr ditl-
nlon ipiwwMfe I* wrcMwIInBl.v ulnipl*:
' Tbe working population ns a whole
wt» Jnet« HtUe 1ms than ls absolute*
•fitness for its task and to enable it to
reproduce the species worker. " ' *
' The balance'Is retained by the capitalist purveyors" as their just share
of the "naydn'al" -wjealth.
.It is this method of wealth distribution which rears our thousands of powerful millionaires, bur proud mansions
and magnificent social entertainments,
and it is th'ls methoc also that breeds
our millions of paupers with their disreputable ' dwellings, their filth and
rags.- To'this capitalist system of
wealth distribution .we "are largely indebted Jor our libraries, our hospitals,
rescue'missions,-and charitable institutions of all descriptions; also for
our'n pauperism-, child-labor, trade diseases, -white slavery,' and .many other
forms of destitution and its twin-sisters, crime and vice."   "
The "Corner" in Culture
' The monopoly of maiterial wealth Inevitably involves a corresponding monopoly in. education and culture. If the
degree of civilization attained by, a
community,is to be measured not by
the .heights'of accomplishment reached by the few, but by the general diffusion of culture among the masses,
then indeed our modern civilization is
a miserable, feailure. '
The' large masses of the people participate to some extent in the benefits
of the practical achievements of modem science, but the general culture influences of the marvelous  scientific
discoveries of recent times pass  by
them, with little effect.    Millions of
mine   workers,";factory, hands, • and
street laborers still live. in the fifteenth century, and,as to the fine arts,
.the drama, literature, music, painting,
and sculpture, and all the things that
go so far toward ennobling and embellishing tbe life of the cultured individual, tbey simply do -not -exist for
the vast.imajority of the people who
have neither *means"nor leisure to cultivate them.    '  f- -.',."
Social Warfare
.But the most .disastrous effect of the
system of private capitalistic industries is the division of the population,
into   distinct   social' and   economic
groups with conflicting and hostile interests.."'The prevailing system o.f industrial ownership and operation arrays the producer against the consumer, kthe tenant against the landlord,
and the worker against the employer.
•Most far reaching in social conse-
quences.is the war between the latter
two classes.    For these is war and
nothing but war -between the capitalist and the worker, In spite of the conventional cant" about the alleged harmony of their economic interests. The
capitalists'  profiits stand .in  inverse
ratio to the workers' wages and vice
versa.' ,So long as the industries ,of
the country are operated for the private advantage of the-individual capitalist," so long 'Will the latter strive to
secure the maximum of work for the
miniim-um. of "pay; and so long'as human labor remains a mere commodity
„to ,be sold to the capitalist^ in 'open
market..so Iongjw_illjthe-Worker._stri.Y.e-
to save and conserve-thisbis sole_ valuable possession, and  to obtain as
large a price for it as he can.   ,'
There is no more harmony between
■privately owned capital and wage-earn-
ing"labor than there is between)'the
wolf and the lamb. -• The' moderrf'capl-
tallst extracts his profits by dint of-his
economic potfer, the ownership of the
tools of work. The modern toiler does
his share of the world's-work under
protest. When lie does .not strike or
boycott or destroy his employer's property, he renders his services grudgingly. ' Instinctively he hates bis employer, for he .feels that the latter Is
■robbing bim of a large portion of bis
legitimate product by means of an artificial social arrangement,
•(The employer feels' and, fears that,
hatred, and is always oni the watch for
open outbreaks of thesen-tlment, prepared to quell the ever-anticipated revolts of bis "hands" by ra course of
starvation, enforced, If need be, by the
clubs of the police, the rifles of the
militia, or by court. In junctions. "In-
dustrlal disputes" are not the excep*
tion, they are almost the .rale, In the
relations of employer.and employ^.
Our industrial derangement; 'miscalled
"system," operates through a state of
permanent industrial "waitfare, ln
iwihlch the true producers of all .wealth
aro treated as prisoners ,of war,
This gonernl and relentless smlal
strife Is not fomented by malevolent
"agitators." It is rooted In. tho very
foundations of tho .system of capital-
Ism and Is tho most damning Indictment ngalnst It,
Political Corruption
Nor aro the direct economic faults
of tho existing ordor Its only or evon
greatest curse. Tho' diseased germs
of tho sysitom are bound tb infoct all
organs of tho body politic with their
Insidious .poison. For, after all, mort*-
orn politics Is mainly concerned with
affairs of business wlthlm tho'municipality, state, nnd nation. Franchises
and grunts .for. ipuhllc-sorvlco corpora:
tions, supervision of. cortnln quaslwub'
Ho business ooncorns, -regulation of
ratns and charges of others, nnd rules
with respect to cortnln omploymonts
—thoso constltutd tho largest Horns on
tho calendar of every legislative body,
and nil such legislation has a direct
effoot on tho capitalists' ledger,
Tlio capitalists aro likewise vitally
concerned In tho poYsonno! of tho oxocutlvo and Judicial officials. Tho fa:
vors oi" disfavors of such offlolnls of*
ton moan dollars and1 -cents to them,
Tho big business Interests havo thue
a direct and practical motive In ftoek-
Ing to direct and -practical 'motive In
sooklng to influence or control politics,
And thoroln lies tho main cause of nil
contemporary political woes. Th* na-'
ilomil campaigns ofthe old political
parties are financed, honco controlled,
vory largely by the,national-tniett
thronirlr thVilr Individual representative*; tho state campaigns by the.pnn*
Aitit-i ti.l}i\j9.ii Ilium ttt 111*.- aldXf, :itia
thu municipal campaigns by the, local
traction, rob, or othor "publlcsorvlee"
corpoivilioiitt. ■ 1   ,     *   ,       ,
Under those cowlltlous politics be-
cointH a lucrative calllnu od-orcl«j}A'by
riM^^rinV"arr*orV<rliifT«Sin« 'In votes,
public offices, and, legislative enact.
monts. Tho Spartan bnhnjiof our honest but -simple statesmen may con*
tltiue exerting their Ingenuity toward
the elaboration of *an ,idoal, Oornupt
Practises Aot and perfect primal
h-vAK, and 0.1 r public-spirited municipal
reformers may remain on. their life-Job
■of purify lm: ln<\ij fttlUirii', *h*y may
oven supi-i-i'd in *curt>lnKihe raw methods of ojwii barter andte Jntrtkltuanc
greater outward decency a»Jia« been
the -Miso In the last preeWenUal «sm-
Tfut'when yew. pot *
salve onto your child's skin,
it passes through, the pores
and enters the Wood, Just
as surely as if you put it
into the child's stomach?
**. You would not put a
coarse mass of animal fat,
colored hy various mineral
poisons (such as many
crude salves are) into your
child's blood by way of the
stomach? Then why do
so by way of the pores? i
Tike no rhk. Use always the
pure herbal nicnect provided ia
Zam-Buk. Zam-Bulc contain*
no trace of any animal oil or fat,
and - no poisonous mineral coloring matter. From start to finiifx
' it is purely herbal.
It will heal sores, ulcere, absces-
' act, eruptions, varicose ulcers,
cuts,' burns and bruises more
quldkly than any other known
preparation. It ts antiseptic,
quickly stops thc smarting ot a'
sore or cut, cures piles, Inflamed
sore* and blood-poisoning. It is a
combination of healing power and
scientific purity. Ask those who
have proved it.
Ml drvgaUtt and Horn 10* bo* *r
', ' Zam-Buk C..,rV«rtnt*,ft>rfrtC9.
cause that sanction' mu$t .be renewed
aad solemnly attested, every few yeaii^
at .the ballot-boxi .     .  "'..-""•"
,., The capitalists are" thus vitally coni.
cerned in the,state of -ejiUgMennwmt^
^social 'Views,' ooonomdc doctrines,, "au<J-
ethical concepuons of their"ifellow-citl;
zens, audi they spare no effort to shap^
tthem in conformity with their own. no.
tions and interests.: The press, th^
.pulpit, and the-school are largely .un,*,
der their influence,- if not directly ii^
their service. ."   "    ." .. -•   ,    v
■ The -most' influential part of th^
dally.press.is either owned outright
by them, or mortgaged to them, or d-i,
pendent on' them through advertise
•ments g.nd -similar bonds of friendship;
and tihe average,editorial writer qult^'
naturally views the'world and its prph,
Jems through -the colored spectacles, oj
his masters. ■   •
- The churches, especially.the large*,
and! -wealthier, are also supported.Iby
the (money interests,- and their mini^
tors in most cases quite innocently
and sincerely deliver,.the measage^of i
CMst'in'the version "of th3 factory1,
superin-teiident.     '-   X'•!,','       '"""».'7.
; The public schools suffer from the1 -
sauna malign political influences jwihick
corruipt"the clt^'counclls, and the col- .
leges ^universities'are founded, en- •
dowed,( or supported" toy benevolent •
'capitalists, oa the ta&it .condition that '
science is at all times to remain re^
speotable and respectful,     •     v- *'
The existence .or-some-"independent" and the occasional-'type of the
progressive preacher^.and- the radical '
college, professor only prove that "ex-
ceptionally.vlgorous spirits may assert.
tnemsel-ves Jn, spite, of the corrupting;
influences of capitalist economic pressure. They justify the hope of Socialism, but'do'not mitigate the evils of
Capitalism,.    .   .
(To becontinued next week.)
Local Onion Directory, Dist. 18,0.M,W.A.
palgn; but they can not change the
■ So long as politics has'a direct bear-,
ing on .private profits, there vwill always exist a commercial alliance be--
■tween the capitalist and the politician;
the former having a constant incentive
to corrupt, and! the, latter being in the
business of being corrupted.
And '.what is true of politics; holds
equally .good of the effects of capitalism on-all field's of the intellectual'and,
■spiritual life of the nation. The gen-'
era! state of .public enlightenment in"
the last analysis determines all .social
'country.     ".   . "•
"- -;---i-'inteilectual,Corrupti_on
The natural and direct-impulse of
every Individual or. group or class 'of
individuals is to act In a manner most
conducive to the promotion of his or
their interests. But in order to' maJke
the action effective, the .interests must
be intelligently understood. If the ma;
jority of the people clearly perceived
their weeds and rights, and realized
their power, ra minority -would over
rule. The .fact that all' ruling classes.
In ihistory.havebeen in' the minority Is
to.be largely accounted for by their
'aJblllty to Impose on the rest'of the
population such vle\ys and notions as
were required to preserve tlieir rule,
■Not that the rule of any dominant
class -was ever based on purely Intellectual concepts—on th© contrary,
they are al;yaye supported by brute
physical force ln the shape of strong
armies; but nevertheless, thoy depend
•ulti.mnte.ly on popular sanction. In
the absence of such sanction the mil.
Ing classes could not oven recruit and,"
.maintain, thoir ■fl.rmleb., ln the long run.
Tho capitalists are no exception to
this historical rulo." They constitute a
minority iln tho population of overy
civilized1 country, Their rule 1s based
on their owner-ship of the toole of
work, .tho laws which sanction and
protect such 'ownership, and the gov:
eminent prganlzed to ojvforco such
sanctloiv nnd protection. But ln n
political democracy tho laws will
chango with overy change of tho popular .notion ot. justice and expediency,
aiul the government Is always tho .football of contending forces of ditvorsc
material Interests, To proscrvo their
economic power tlio capitalists must
retain tiholr political control, and tho
latter prosuppoaoB tho support of a
majority of tho people.
Modern capitalism depends on popular imnctlon ovon In tx larger measure
than tlio ruling olnBSos of tho past, bo-
No. 2314.
Meet first and  third ■ Friday*
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second an(j
fourth' Fridays,. Club "Hall,' Cosq
Creek.   Sick Benefit attached.
T. Uphill, Sets,
Fornle, B. C • .' '
No. 2497. .■-   '•
,. Meet every Tuesday evening t^,
the Athletic Hall at 7.30. '"Slc^
Benefit Society* In connection." •
-   W. Balderstone, SeCi'
Box 63, .Hosmer/B. C. •      A*
,.,     n.       MiCHEL LOCAL".    -
No. 2334        V"      ■"
Meet every Sunday, afternoojj
at 2 o'clock, ln Crahan's Halj •
Sick Benefit Society attached.;   "'
v   II. Elmer,,SeCi
No. 1387
Meet, every Sunday.    Sick an,j
Accident Benefit Society' attach
e'd. '    '  ' , \~
'     '    No. 2683 -
Meet e\;ery,other Sunday,'generally-second and fourth Sundays
In tho month.  -
J. Johnstone, Sec.
No. 2352
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.-
ln Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit So- =
clety attached.
Passburg,* Altai
G. Harries, Sec.
N. D. Thachuk, S«>Ci
Canmore, Alta.
No. 1387    ,
. Meet second and fourth Sunday
,;ln month. Sick-and Benefit So^j.
'ety.attached. "        '      ,." ,\
J. Gorton," S«>e--
'-;'\ •   "      No; 2227    '        *   '"'"'
■ ■'  Meet every alternate Sundayat.
'2.30   p.m.   In   the   Opera' Hou$e
'.Coleman.   • ■'      -'
J. Mitchell, S4G.
T3ox^t05, Coleman"
■    No. 29    '"
Meet every Tuesday evening at"
7 o'clock In- tho Bankhead H^j
Sick,and Accident Benefit Fuj,^
Frank Wheatley, Fin, SeCi
Bankhead, Alto.        ,,   ,
■'   No. 949    ,        \
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of "each month at 10 a.m.;.'
in School House, Burmis. No Sick   '
Society. ■ -■ -..."
Thoq. G.. Harries, Sec.
■Passburg, Alta.
v     'K        No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sun- *'
aay of each month at, 10 a.m. In
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Sick
",    ,    Thos. .G. Harries, Seo.
Passburg, Alta.
,   No. 431 . ' \'\. ■
-, Meet every Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North. .-.       -
/ -. t -L. Moore, Sec-Treas. "
-r/     "7- ' "No.431  ,..". i   ■
"^MeeTevery alternate Sunday at^
2.30 p.m. in the,Socialist Hall.- '
James Burke, Sec."
Box 36, Bellevue,- Alta.,    S 7 '"
,     , No. 481-v
Meet every Sunday at 3-o'clock
', -   y "     \ ■ -
John Loughrah, Sec.
No. 2877 ;,
Meet overy second Sunday at 2:
o'clock In the Club Hall.    Sick
Benefit Socloty attached. "  ■     '
John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B, c, > '   ,
Port Alberni
f^mM^n'lm^Sfftn^JJi;- Prlces ™* torma reasonable.   Lota
2?i?Ji5J»Up' "°tin ^""^'butridjoinlng^vIUiinononndahaU
mllo circle,
Send for booklet endorsed by, the Port Alberni Board of Trade.
409 Dawson Building
Vancouver B. C,
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
actor. Tho dWdo'tw in public opinion ly u«OM*»ry to maintain It In iihynloul
ttt fcmllir remedy  for  BerirM
Bhllnh coil* »■)  lllltt
_ _ •nd CeWM.
ua tt— »■» wuthr
1.22 RIFkE
Only HJgh Grade
kept in stock Satis*
faction, Guaranteed.
Fernie,     B. C.
I ,   	
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted.
J. L, GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C,
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
vVuii i ifnnv it**!, fSt.ttZ
Fire Proof-Sample
Kooma in Connection
Insurance, Real Estate
■'.■'■    *''     *       i 999
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Bust:
ness and Residential property
HUH The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
*', *\
The ■;
r yv »•
For otir Foreign Brothers
Beware of
Sold on the
You're always welcome here;
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
.,      attention
Feriiie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
tho& ppNCAN  Passburg    Bottled Goods a Specialty
P. Carosella
.Wholesale Liquor Dealer
; Dry Coods, Groceri6, Boots and Shoes
.,   . Gents'Furnishings
' '____ •'   --"
Liquor Co.
'■   '    ,      _ '   \ •
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay!!»
Nowhere In the Pass oan be
found In such a display of
We have the beat money
oan buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Kith, "Imperator Hame
and Bacon" Lard, 8au*agee,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 6«*
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Pint elate Hortet for Sale.
Buye Horaea on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Ledger" adv. is an
List of Locals District 18
,No* N«m» Sec. and P. 0. Address
" J? I*"1***' ..P. Wheatley, Bankhead, Alia.
JS! S*»ver c^oe't, J» Lougliran, Boavor Crook, via Pincher, Alta.
Jil Kflievuo,.,, .TnmoB Burlto, Box 30, Bollovuo, AJUu
flirt i*i   '"■■'*' * »»•  I-*, It-tii**,   Ut,A,ilUUi*i, A-JVa.
■*■ JJW»toy;  - T. G. Harrlee, Paiaburg, Alta.
Ull J;*r,)0Ddft,« J. Mltcholl, Carbondale, Coloman, Alt a.
Ilil Sarmoro* *'' Nt D- Thachuk, Canmoro, Alta.
■■■!;■ « V.M J> Johnatono, Coloman, Alta.
'!!!! ^fb,nL*V J. Jonea, Corbin, B. 0,
l\ll Sf ™°°\ «nM J"'« Morn»- Chinook, via Diamond City, AlUu
■"" J,*"M»»» «"r 3. E. ThoroMII, Diamond City, Lethbrldtt.
™ **rB|? Thoa. Uphill, Fertile, B. C.
Illl W*    Kr"n Mor»n. Prank..A!la.
,«,. l„HmtT: «• w« Balderatone. Hornier, B. 0.
•JS. },,?«"*,i *»«• Gorton, HUIcreit. Alta.
-Ml t !Jv1I*<s•i•,„V•:*•••,** Woor*« Wli Sixth Arenuo, N. Lethbrldje.
1180 Uthbrldw ColIIerlM..Prank Barrlngham, Coalhortt, A1U.
Ill/ ,„ p..**** T- °»2Un>lM. Paaabur*. Alta.
«M Michel.... H. Wm«T, Michel, a C.
~.«« ■J™"*""1 MtllQa V,'u». Hyatl, KW»» V. O., Tabor, AtU.
!..« »    T1,'? k •... T. o. Harries. Fuilmrt; AWL '     v,
«*• 2°^1        "" "' °6*' Jw««w. Koyal Colllerlea, Letbbrid*e, Alta.
m T*bw  A. Pattwwa, Tabtr, Alta. -•^v-v^-
**-.*- *
6ez 500 rudarjev so'aa.z vellklm Tru-
'..dorn reSili Iz gorefiesa rudnlka    '
.Cardiff/ Wales, 16.- oot. — Angteikt
rudarji so zdaj y globoid Zalosti.
Okrog 400 njihqvih. bratov je na§lo
iprl ipr«dv6epajsnji katastrofl v unive-r-
zalnem.premogovnlku 'pri Senkhenydu
svojo amrt. . _      •-■
•;'.xV>^edo z^utra3 se JO podalo V do-
tlfinl jam! 935 ljudl na svoje vsakdanle
delo.' ■''-' • • -
, Takoj aiato se je Izvrsila grozna eks-
plozija, vsled katere je zaCel del pr«-
mogovnika goreti.
.Taiko stra§na je bila eksploz'ija, da
je vrglo ve5 posameznili strojnlh delov
celo skozi vhod na prosto, da je Mlo
celo nekajosab, kl so zunaj delate,
■smrtno Tanjenlh all pa takoj mrtvlh.
■Vsled junaSklh, neumornlh reSHnih
prizadevanj so reSlll Sez 500 premogarjev fclvih, vendar je innogo Jijlh v
zelo slabem stanju.
Ve5 tlsofi jokajo-Sih 2en, miater in
otrok se je zbralo pred rhodom v jarnio
in tu so se odigravale slcer pri.nas,
proletaroih, Ze navadne, a tem grozne-
jSe, 2alostnejSo scene jadikovanja In
Razume se, da je bilo na nepoptao
veseljo onih, ki so ugledali. reSene
svoje najdraije..
■Naval, razburjen*. v strahu In tre-
petu se zblrajoCe mnogice je bil tako
veilk, da je ovlralobSirna. regllna dela
in zato je .morata Mtl ipolilicana poll-,
clja, da se je nnogel vzdrzati red vsaj
v neposrodni bliiini vhoda.
Iz ,vse*h delov valeSkega rudokop-
skegadistrlkta'je z najvefijo' naglico
prihajalo junaSko reSWno -mostvo.  -■ ■'
'Po posledntli vekeh so naSli §ele 29
tnipeil,. vendar se z gotovostjo sklepa,
da'je inaslo se Bajmanj' 368 pogresenih.
'delavjcev^. ^iuC©nikov — svojo smrt v
ipo^reSnem plamenu v jaml.-
'SooiaaistiCna/uprava v Schenectady,
N. Y:, je lustarioyila-) municlpalno izde-
lovaanjico le&u in'prodaja led "brez vsa-
kega.idobieko.'Ko je trust ledu izpos-
•loval-sod^oprepoved proti munlcipal-
ni izd^lovalnlci-.ledu so se zdruSill socialisti  v mestni upravi  v privatno
druibo In 'iiadaljevall s "prodajanjem
ledu po ndzki,cen.I ter na ta nafii poraz-
ill trust ledu,- kateri je dolgo odlral
■m-esto. i&uipA-tt Lunn je odpravil stari
pogodibeni filstem za javn'a dela 1n s
tem-prlhranll nasnaZenju In ■tlakanju
ullc tlsoCe 'dolarjev mestu. .TJprava je
daljo ustanovlla ceritralno nakupoval-
no postajo za nakup niestnih potreb-
■SCin, s eemur je bilo zopet prlhranje-
ndh tlao-Se dolarjev.  Ustanovljena je
tUQl mes-tna lekarna, kjer se prlrejajo
zd'ravlla 'zastonj.  Vsem  u6lteljem in
ufciteljlcam javnih sol je zvlSana pla6a.
Otrocl do.be Solske knjige   in   druge
•potrebg«lne ■bre;zplaCno.   SocialistlCua
iposredovalnica za dobavo dela.
J*31OTUmilUWl   Mt,   Ul/UilVU   UtJIU. ""*    ""■■"»   *"    -"IKII8    *lt*S    M-LllMIlg    mill'
'Vse' to In- &e vellko ve5 je izvrSila ers ft"0"1' 'the fleld, and the governor
socialistifina uprava tekom dveh .let, would possibly have wavered, had not
odkar je -na krmllu. Kaipitallsti seveda the domand for a first hand investi-
oyirajo in oinalovaZujejo -delo sodra mMon •h*m "» ™no"'"""
gov-z vseml sredstvi, kakor so to de- ...uu..„«...*»,   vuubrhdiuiui    ikuwuiu
lall kapitalistl v Milwaukee. Toda'de- Keating, of Colorado, has Introduced a
lavci stoje na strani svoje uprave In resolution in congress, calling  for  a
pri bodoeih volitvah 'bodo 'brez dvoiria federal inquiry into the situation
ponovno Izvolili Zupana Lunna in os   +,,t" —"-'"""  .-i—-. . „-
tale sodruge v upra.vo, kljub zdruzitvl
demokratov in republikancev.
The Boiler Works
By Eliot White
The pouring -room _ lis ,'a huge sooty
bearing on the threatened investiga-
ifcheu he crashes his bar into a frail ^ -*,*,*. ™r*ju*r... ".\SA —■--;-=-
■spot, which he is skillful to detect as Ji0^' It^l ST that .maintain
a 'dentist a,cavity under the surface S^ou*,ei?nS£™do,fTt s0„ull"Amer-
o.f a tooth, and 'the defective prod- l^nS?*^?*?' ", hardly, s?ms
uct, Shattering crisply under the Wow, P"*gle t^hth,e11,nt?"\ry 'c^n be fore;
'revels a deep ^hole .within. ^Seir XS SSnftt STe
The furnace is fed from the, story hard for the coal 'barons to hide from
ab-ove, where the "keeper" hurls,into an,.unprejudiced committee, the evi-
the . ■unappeaaed! monster's flanning dences- of their open outlawry. The
maw its Ugers meat ot broken grates', operators have seemingly declared
bars, stove doors, spikes and. plates;  warfare not only on the strikers but
seen fir-flm this height  the foundry
on the laws of Colorado and nation as
men striving in the stifling and. al- well.—Wyoming Weekly Labor Jour-
most opaque smoke of  the  pouring nal,
room below fright be firemen dragging hose- through a  burning  tenement.   '-_-,.,'
Leaving; ■ the works by way of the
cleanly wainscotted. office, the last
sound I hea;r is the swift clatter of the
typeiwni'ter'-s flat strokes—just a"s vital
a part of the establishment's1 total
work as the deafening hammers on
the boltheadsi, or tlie dull splash of
the molteni • Iron into the flasks, in
those sooty caverns below.
Href-resiling is the cold, air afterward, out-In the.fa-ctoTy yard, where
under a 'clear .twilight sky pools are
freezing solid among the .mammoth
hulks of iflndshed boilers, engine cylinders, fronts and .plates;' and in the
'Pale violet of the west glows tlie brilliant white jewel of the' evening star,
with a kind of calm rebuke of the
furnace'® orest of. foain that flaunts
Its ragged orange pennons 'against Mio
hyaline Indigo of,the zenith.
LONDON, Nov. 41— Lloyd George's
Swindon    speech     leaves    Englan*dL
Mem realize that it.spells
this resolution was Introduced toi lowing an independent investigation conducted by Keating,,he will be in a position 'to -tell of the conditions as he
found them, which will probaibly in--
sure the Inquiry. This inquiry, in case
the resolution "passes, will take in the
question of the companies combining
in restraint of trade, their control of
state. and county officials and their
la wrapt from sight by the ascending }™P??S"-0"IB0' f,nlhaild f™?™1";*
— i,- B ,«uiu . a uuge sooty   steam,   rolls ■ the  sand-clogged,  dull- J^^^S 3? £efUJ?  ?f tbo
dungeon, in which" Voices half echo Rowing easting out on the floor, and K? BtfX^ JplK'lhaT
and are half muffled: then issues from "the cloud .coughing ,"S^L.f«    ,1Stewa,£ °f 'th? cle"
Here fourteen workmen are fitting and *>* &« ^^tenin, with *LJ. prtment. of labor, may have, a large
the coyer of a great flask eighteen
feet long, 'containing a casting; while
seven lift from each side, a-noth'er man
knee1!® wihere he can see iby; aid. of
the .torch ihe .carries -whether the descending Ud is exactly meeting, pins
to holes, the .base of the mold.
'In the flickering illumination the
Lines of laboring bac?:s as they mas-
studies for a group ,to represent "Effort" or "Power."
A .member of the firm is overseeing
the'-workh—his neck i-collarless1, .his
eyes bloodshot from lack of sleep and
the -smoke, and .the heavy lines1 of iiis
cheeks about the mouth showing
deeply shadowed under the arc lights;
-his calls on the men by name are
.pererniptoiry, and' lie issues liis'com-
mands with armi and ^pointing finger
stretched." stiff "as d steel^billet. .". '
'Now flame spurts from a vent,of
the furnace as the blast begins., and
wiheni one of the foundrymen thrusts,
away froni the orifice the rubbish of
the last melting, it emits a gorgeous
shower of pronged- and crystal-leafed
sharks; these are called' the "foam"
of tlie ane-tal, and.have little power, to
burn1, so that the men walk heedlessly
to and fro through the glittering *sipin-
Ever louder becomes the. roaring
a.iul whistling of the pent dragon, and
the 'sparks from Its nostrils Increase
ia splendor, aasiuim.ln.g now the shape
of pine comete or,tiny trees with dellJ
cately needling .branches. f
At last the man at the test-guage
announces* that the melt Is ready, and
from tire vent where tho candescent
metal overflows, the, pourors fill ifchelr
ironi bowls flitted Into carrying froimes
with tho vicious; sllontly-flowing ond
terrible 'syrup.
On tiie men's faces and. bare ohests
smites' the upward flcartet gleam,
■while they swiftly but vigilantly ad-i
wince,in .pairs, wait till thoir vessel
nearly brlm», nnd then yield placo at
tho outlet to tho noxt receivers of
the iroBoato lava.
So tlio 'furnace comoo to seem Wio
black, trunk 'of somo glmit maple
pierced for Its profuso and rutllanit
sap, or tho spur ot a Vesuvius or-Etna
cloft .by tho Insurgence of lls> fierce
Ichor. . \
In oach full b'owl sand Is ■sprinkled,
to collect tho impurities pf tho moM,
and iwhen ns nwch of tho contents ns
poBWlblo ihnitt been poured Into tho
flasks, there roimtlns n crust of rofuso
nt tho boltom of tho l>owl, llko a pitted rod scab,
IJnt now Uio overseer g.row.l» In dis
OPERATOR8      OPEN      WAR      ON
Tho first vlctlmi of tho "Deatlx Car"
of Itho Baldwin-Feltz tlrug agonoy was
burled from tho Trinity Cathollo
Oliu-roh at Trinidad, last Monday.
Threo thousand strikers., bowing their
'hoad'8 In. grief, accompanied tiio last
'remains of Lucca Valiernl, whoso
he'ad was Wown off by BhotB from, the
Catling -gun mounted on an armorod
■automobile, last Frlcwy, The shoot-
ln*sf, which occurred at Forbes, was a
cold blooded mnssn/cro, planned and1
executed by tho ImpoMod gunmen of
th© coal corporations. It was not fired la dfifenco ngalnst any attack of
(ho strikers, but the lilgh powered
automobile was spoeded to within
rango of tho tonted city of tho .strikers, mid tho doath dealing gnu turned
j>ui. iiuw iim -ovurHuur ifronis in um- loose on mon, womon nnd chlldron.
pnist nt fleeing tho Iron ball on tho T,mt *ht* could  tako plnco In froo
filled moIdH,  for thlB  Is  a  sign  of America, l» to tho s-linma of Uio poaco
something amiss with tho melt pr tho officers of Colorndo.   Of the sheriff,
core<jnml.   "It'll hnvo bubble,,.)' so  It wo expected nothing In the wny of
protection or a wiunro deal, ns ho Is
  owivp.il iioily and soul by ICIng Conl,
ilil'Mii>iK>lii*toil «k mlpilit. n turret crow W'o did UiinU. liowovor, that tiovornor
on a wnrslil'p n*ftnr -n fnlluro nt tnrgct Aiiuimhih would nt lcnst curb tho mur-
prncllco. dorous Intent of tho notorious .thugs.
Ono of tiliom with a crowhnr hrraka who aro In llin flold In (Ito gulso of
opon an offending flunk, -nnd whilo ho deputy, shorlffa.
The streets,of Trinidad were crowded-om Monday when the body "of the
victim of this outlawry was being conveyed through the street, and eye witnesses tell of the bitterness that broke
forth in. their expressions. The miners
and their wives at Forbes are ia„daily
fear of another night attack at the
hands of the .mine thugs in their armed oar, whose light can be seen almost
any time of night, skulking like some
evil spirit in proximity to their camp.
Last Sunday night Town Marshall Dai
vis, of Aguilar, arrested an engineer
named Curtis for shooting at the miners', tented city at that place, Davis
■being released on bail furnished l>v
the operators Monday morning. The
strikers are in- deadly fear of their
lives, while tlie machinery of government, itself, seems turned against
The governor, his private seoretary,
Attorney-General Farrar and a repre-
sentative of the adjutant-general's of-
fice, are reputed to be conducting an
investigation of the conditions in the
strike district this week,- but as the
visit was heralded in advance by the
press, it is not likely that anything of
a sensational nature will be found
against the operators. That the governor Is conducting a personal investigation at all can bo attributed to the
efforts of the Independent press and a
few friends of the miners, as pressure
M Grow Hair, j Do"
Facsimiles of Prpf. Geo. A. Garlow
,.*.^.woviuo    uwui/mbuu,    ou**jittiiB'ui;uii   -"•■  ...*.*.*.*. *44. hid uuii-cuf, "a iircsraure
uipra va je dalje prepovedala importav has been1 constant In demanding the
sljo o(boro2enlh barab in puSkarjev v Immediate sending of the militia. The
sluCaju gtrajka. Ustanovljena je tudi c?al operators have exerted every pos-
mestna *preno5evaInica in brezplaSna sl'ble effort to secure the soldiers to
aid them in driving the striking min-
'"   Bald at 2(3 Restoi-ea ut 30.     St ill "ha ve it at 55
Young Mah, Young: Woman, Which do you prefer
A. NICE PULL HEALTHY head  or hair on a clean and healthy scalD  frao
from Irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp coverld
with scales, commonly called Dandruff. p covolrea
SCALES ON the SCALP or an itcliy irritation Is positive proof your hair
and scalp is in a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff
originates from one of iho followlngfParastlclal Diseases of tho CaDtllarv
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or EmmSo
ahd certain to result In absolute baldness unless cured before the Z
has the Capillary Glands destroyed, paldness <tnd tho loss of hair is ab-
uolutely   unnecessary  and   very   unbecoming.    "
ALL DISEASES OF THE HAIK fade away like dew under my scientific
troatmont. and I posltlcly havo the onlv system of treatment so fa?
known to science that is positively untl permanently curing diseases
of the hatr and promoting new growth. The hair can bo fully restored
to its natural thickness and vitality on all heads that still show fine hair
or fuzz to prove tho'Voots aro'not dead. <*
1 HAVE A PEHKECT SYSTEM ot treatment for out of tho city "people
wlio cannot como to me tor porsonal treatment (WHITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full particulars. Knclose» stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and torms are reasonable. My cures ure positive and
permanent. v».nT*u >uu
"Consult tlie Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo, A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
the beginning of an economic social
revolution which must extend far beyond, the land. , . ,
• Already town tenants are advancing
their claims .to continuity'of tenure
and freedom1 from the landlord's re-
The speech lias shattered all hope
of non^partlzan treatment of the land
question. It has been received enthusiastically by the entire body of the
Liberal press., • ■
Tlie .Daily News deiscrlbes 'it as 'pro-
vldilng simple, sufficient machinery for
the painless oxitrnotton of landlordism
ns. dt exists today.
The Unlonls'ts realize that thoy (have
been ©aught napping and aro now
placed at a technical disadvantage by
the mildness of the chancellor's -first
speech. Their first criticism deal's
with the great powers .'to be given, to
tho notv land' court.
The Yorkshire Post 'Bays there -haa
never been In the history of the world
a court so constituted and given, greater constitutional powers tharo tihlB-
court l» to have, excepting only, tho
famous revolutionary tribunal «ot up
in Paris during tho reign of terror.
History 8carch«d for Comparisons
Tho 'Birmingham Post says tho now
'd'epartimont will hnvo powors dos-poMc
enough to bo -resented iby a Russian1
Moujilk. Tlio Dally Mall Is driven' for
comparison to Jack Cado,
Moanwlillo, Unionist organizers aro
debuting what counter program thoy
cnn announce,
Tlio UnlonlHt proposals \VhIch may
bo expected at nn oivrly date will probably Include small freehold holding**,1
obtained by -utato-nidod jHirchnsn of
land, bnnlvK, agricultural co-operation,
hotter wages nnd hounlng for laborers
partly to bo paid for by the landlord,
measures lo facilitate the tnnwifor of
Innd and frrn Iiindowiir'H-T from tlio
roBtrlctlons of ancient ncttlomcntH.
Tho Dully Citizen, the Labor orgnn,
significantly dednrpH Iho laljor parly
nnd Lloyd (loorgo now apparently noo
Hourly oyo to oyo on tho Innd problem.
Tho public aro slowly realizing the
real -HlKiilficnii-co of tlio appointment of
Sir -Sydney Oliver, iho moHt prominent
living Hoelnllst and official of tlio Fa-
Wnn ftoelPty, uh pnrmnnont liwul of
tho bonrd of agrlculturo, and therefore futuro ndmlnlHtrotor of tho coming net.
txsadtnc Udy, Qto. 11. Uuvuinm Htock (X at tins Crand Tbetilr* w*«lt ot
KoTemtrtr lO'lh-
COAL mliilnir rlKttu of the Domln-
Ion, In Manitoba, H*»kaicliew»n and
tlb«irtii, tlio Yukon Territory, tho North
West T«rrItorle» and In a portion of
thc 1'rovliico of MiliIoh Columbia, may
os leased (or a term of twenty.one
pears at an annual rental of f I an aere.
• >V.     .HV.-V     '.*.-*»     ..1444     «-*, , l •»     *l ,',     VI,     tt.M*t,l9
to one applicant,
.ii-llt.Aiiv*i   .'u.   *  Is.A.lii. I,.».i Ct  ftitti*
by tne applicant In person to the
Aftnt or bub-Agent of the district in
whioh th» rights applied for are sltuat*
In surveyed territory the land must tie
iKvi.fK.i., i>. ^rnutii, er legal BUh-dlvU
iJona  of sections, end  In  uniurveyed
)>~mIi  ,     ..    ■* ■   .    • . .   ■ • I     i    a     ..,,*(»i    *   s
staked out" by ifho applicant himssif."*
Caeh aplleatlon must be accompanied
»/ a fe« of l» which will be rerundeil If
ths rights applied for are not available,
but net otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of ths
mine at tht rats of five cents per ton,
Ths person opi rating the mine shall
famish the Agent with sworn returns
aeeountlng for ths full qusnilty »f mar*
shsnUlrie conl mlnM) sn ripay Xht* tut-
ally thereon. tf the coal mining
rights are not Ww* *>ii«fai*<l* e<vih
ralurus shuuld Le (uiulsUttil al ituMl
onr» a year,
.The teas* will Include the coal mltlng
rights «nlp, but the !»••»• may tm per.
*ntt!t«a t« f>i>r«*ha*e w}i»t*t*r araiuttlr
inrfsee rights may he c*on>»f(l»r<»<! ne-
■rfisary for lha w-oiktns -»f the mine
at tho rata of. tio.oo an sere.
1***. fall IrifNroiailwi turtiiltiWUiti
•hovlfl be marts to the ft-Mtetarv «r the
Pcs»ar*luv*»n,t *>t XI* iMUtUf. Otu**. un
•« any Agent or Mufc-Ag-tM **t «»»ml»-
*m Iwuula,
_ W. W. Rory
t>ee>atr Mtnt»i*r «f the tntorl^.
Jl.»-r(riia«ih0«i'*»*4 wetMkaifM **t thta
MvarUaeiaent wilt net to Nil t'i.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
. see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results..
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not.
found Justus wo represented.   Thero
ls no hocus pocus ln
This Lumber Business
When you c-iut spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they .bought their lumber
— Dealers in — r-
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
.Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite Q. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,925,000
Reserve and Undlvld- Total Asset.      72,000,000
ed Profits        8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Praa.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Cold   en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from data of deposit.
BIU BDMUNI) WAI.KKK, C.V.O., I.I,I)., n.C.I-, President
Gimcrul .Mmmurr A«*l»tunt (i«m»«t Manatfsr
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Accounts may be opened at every branch of Tlie Canadian
Dank of Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive thc
same careful attention as is given to all other departments of the
ixtnk> busim;sa. Money may bn uciNiaiti-u ur wiiiiuitmn in wus
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank.        &«
At a     THI?        P»n *m*      omamk\.int,*
Home BANK«r Canada
Authorliw) Cni>lt«' -. •
SuhicrilHxJ -Gapitnl ...
.....*. 2.000,000
TMld-nn Capli«l	
K**m« Fund .....,,.
UraiKfK-s a»4 tJotniecttoriii   i tJirwulwui Canada
J« F. MACDONALD, Manager
VnOTORIA AVIL, -t» •*•-.*.        FIflNII, B.O. -.' ,
*~ yX,y- •■■.*•• •*'.-. -^--v   ■^■■■*'.\\*"-:'A:--*i^:S-r .y\.",i':*.-^sim
, i*p ■
Mens  Overcoats
Special Sale of Overcoats for Saturday and Monday
Imported Tweeds in
Greys, Fawns and Brown.'
B-nftvers and M,eltons in
Black, Steel Grey or Dark
■•Navy. \
Chinchillas. in Navy,
Brown and -Grey.
Double Texture Ulster
Cloths in all the new
These Overcoats arc all
hand tailored garments,
made with shawl collar or
conviu'tihle collar, and
with belted or plain box
.backs. We invite yon to
see our immense range of
styles and colors iu 1913
Overcoats and Ulsters.
Onr big window will he
devoted to the display of
special values at $10.00,
$12.50, $15.00, $16.50,
$18.50, $22.50, $25.00,
and up to $35.00.
Glen's Fur Collars in
Marmot, Otter, Beaver or
Persian Lamb. Priced
from $6,50 to $25.00.
Mufflers, in wool or silk, in all thc new Aveaves
and styles, AVe have colors to suit every taste.
Priced at 50c to $5.00 each.
AVe make Suits or Overcoats to order and guarantee perfect fit.
Sale of Trimmed Hats
$5.00, $7.50 and $10.00
THE FIVE DOLLAR HAT  conies in French
Felt, Velvet and Velours, trimmed with rilibon and
fancy mounts.   For $5.00 you are justified in ex--
pecting the usual $10.00 article.
THE SEVEN-FIFTY HAT is a representation of
a smart Hat for street wear.-> It carries out the idea
of tailored lines.
THE -TEN DOLLAR HAT, in consequence of its
higher standard of millinery art, claims its place ^
among the original models of extreme style.
AVe specially invite a criticism of these Hats on
display.     ~
*>....      ■ -       , i        , »
See our Special Coat
lt is the only way to" appreciate the splendid
styles and remarkable values that go to make up
these exceptional offerings. They are made of- the
newest weave, fancy materials, such as Storm "Wor-
sted, Blanket Cloth, heavy fancy Tweeds' and As-
frakan.; No' better, newer or more correct styles
can be seen in the-trade. No quality or more solid
values have heretofore been offered.
COATS $5.00 TO $50.00
An exceptionally good stocking at the price in
tho LLAMA WOOL CASHMERE for it is made up
of very fine wool, full-fashioned, with spliced 'ankles and seamless feet, and it'is soft and warm.
Comes in all sizes in black and will give excellent
satisfaction. '        ,    a
, - Per Pair 50c
, Fur Trimmings are particularly;, popular an<^
smart for dress garniture. A\Te are showing several
widths in white, natural'and black, at per vard 35c,
50c and $1.00. .,"*.- „  n
•   Bought a sample liim of Flannelette Night Dresses in white, pink and blue.  They are mado of extras-
heavy quality English Flannelette,, cut  full ,,and'
neatly trimmed with embroidery.   Priced specially
, for Saturday at each 95c.   " /
15c STRIPED FLANNELETTE, 8 yards for $1.00   ,
This Flannelette, is of extra quality; 32 inches '
wide and fast color.   It comes in all the,good staple
stripes and is really worth 15c per yard.
Saturday Special, 8 yards for $1.00
Our Shoe Department
\ AVe will be expecting you in very soon to get
your winter supply of Rubbers and warmly lined
Overshoes.    Our stock is complete in every line.
For Women we have all the new and different
style Rubbers to fit all style Shoes, witli low, medium and high heels; also a large assortment of
warmly lined Rubbers and Overshoes.
For Men we have the largest assortment yet, in
heavy, lumbermen's Rubbers, one and two buckle"
Rubbers, three four, six, eight and twelve hole
lace Rubbers, leather tops and all rubber tops;
railroad Overshoes, with four buckles, also same
style with one buckle and three straps. These
Overshoes will stand the test. . *•
FQr the° Girls
and Boys we, have'
a large variety to
choose from. High .
storm rubbers,
with . good thick1
soles; Rubber
Boots, „ strongly
made; High buckle Overshoes in
different styles;
warmly , lined
Rubbers with
stocking tops; one
and two buckle
German Rubbers
for Boys and
New Season California Dried Fruits in now.    '
California Figs,-! lb. packet 7 2 for - .25
California Figs, y*>-\h. packet 3 for. "\.25
California Figs, 1-3 lb. packet . each   .05
California Cooking Figs ;. 2 lbs. for
California Ohoice\Peaches 2 lbs. for
Sunkist Peaches ' V-/-, lb.-tins,
Sultana Raisins , '. 10 oz;, 3 packets for
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs. for
Lowney's Cocoa •> i/o lb. .tin '
Heinz Tomato Catsup pints..
Tip Top Pink Salmon '.. 1 lb. tins
Prairie Pride Flour V 100 lb. sack 3.00
Spearmint Gum   3 packets • .10
Imperial Jelly Powder 4 packets .25
Queen Quality Pickles 20,02. .25
. Red Cross Pickles ...'. quart sealers .35
Heinz Pork and Beans, medium size 2 for .35
Siam Rico / 4 lb. for .25
AVhite Rosq Toilet Soap  C'for .25
Albert Carbolic Soap  6 for .25
Baby's Own Soap  per box .30
Diamond Brand Maple Syrup  quarts .25
Diamond Brand Maple Syrup  gallons. .85
Special Blend Bulk Tea 3 lbs. for 1.00
Lyman's Talcum Powder  2 tins .35
Kelowna Tomatoes 7AAA.. 2 lb. tins .10
Kelowna Pumpkin  ". 3 lb..tins, 2 for .25
Carrots ....'.!'.,"... 1C lbs. .25
Turnips ,..' :\ . 18 lbs. .25*
.Beecha'm's Pills  per box .20
Robin Hood Porridge Oats, 5' lb. packet with
China .°...:.:.. .25  *
Tetley's Tea, 3 lb. Brown Label per tin -.75
Eno 's Fruit Saljis per bottle .75
NEW RIBBONS JUST IN ..  , :     .
Kibbons were neyer used more extensively than
they are today and we have a wonderful assortment''
for you to choose from. Ribbons of beauty as well
as the more severe plain effects are here in' plenty.
We offer special values for Saturday in ALL SILKL
TAFFETA RIBBON, 5y2 inches wide, in 50 different shades at per yard," 25c. V
Fancy' Ribbons for fancy work, extra'values at -
from 25c to 75c.
-Money-Saving Prices
The Store of
Blairmore—-(Continued from .page 4.)
• reading room of the Cosmopolitan.
A social evening ..waa held at the
homo of Mr. ami Mra. P. M. Pinlcnoy,
on State Street Wost, on 'Monday evening, to which  a largo numiber of
friends gathered and spent a most enjoyable time.   After the usual games
and jollifications, n sumptuous supper
wus partaken of, after which the party dispersed to their various homes dn
the wee sma* hours.
,   'Bargain sales wero tho order of the
clay on Saturday last.  Each store was
selling out their dry goods at prices
that would, have staggered Tlm Baton
himself.   Stuart, the Yankee wizard,
has Drlsco's stock ln hand, whilo next
door II; Segal, of Calgary, has oponed
up with a largo snlo.   P. *M> Thompson, not to .ho out of tho running, also
imt up bargains, and judging by the
crowds that poured lu and out of the
doors, wo suppose thoy did moro thnn
thoir usually brisk business.
Kvery.bo.ly was loud In. their -pralso
of ".The Harrier," which wns played at
tho Opera House on Tuesday night,
the house being lmokcd to tho doors,
N. A. Tlarkcr, of Calgary, was a business visitor to Hlnlrmoro on Tuesday.
.1. PuralioiiK. at ono tlmo tho leading
hiirbor of Uliilrniorn, camo to town
from Cranbrook and roglBtorod at tho
Cosmopolitan on Tuesday.
Horn, on Tuesday, Xov. Ith, to Mr,
nnd Mrs. L. Dutll, n daughter.
Mr. and Mrs, P. Lank woro In town
on TuoBday ovonlng and took In ''Tlio
•Harrier" at tho Opera Houso. Thoy
loUiniiid to Lumtliruuk ou Wodnumlay,
wlioro they propose BpoinlinK a month
or. w> boforo loavlng for tho Hast,
■whoro thoy will Kpnnil several nuiiitliH
with thoir reluMvcs,
Tlio Ornugommi'tt 1,4>(] ko of Hlnlrmoro hold their annual banquet at tho
Cosmopolitan on Wednesday night.
Tables woro nprond for ovor sixty
KUohik and a mont onjoynblo ovmliiK
wns ft|xmt.
A »ad accldont orciirrml on Tuesday
moroltiir, whon lltllo Loon V«nmir ai«
tomptod lo cross tho railway truck by
crawling beneath ft 'hox car which wns
■ft'.amllns on tho track, when tho train
movod nnd knocked him down, imss-
in« over one of his Icrb. Ho wiih hurried to I>r. Inker's surgery, but It wes
found necessary to amputate tho log
Just abovo tho litieo, Ho wnn tnken
to l-'mnk hospital, whorri DortorH.na-
kor nnd McKny .performt-d the o|x?-m-
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
iTho mlneB In this vicinity are
-working steadily and there does not
■seem to be any shortage of box cars
so -far. The Canada West mino ia holst^
Ing wore coal than In any previous
.On Sunday last occurred tho death
of Joo Urban, alter only threo days'
illness, illo was (burled the. following
dny. Deceased was of Hungarian nationality nnd had beon in this country
for about twelve years and worked) for
some time at Michel,
Tho work of organizing the small
camps Ib going on, all, with the-ox-cop-
tion of Rock Springs, having agree-
.mentB drawn up, which were present*
od to tho operators today (Wedn'os-
dfljy). Tho men will liavo an opportunity of Allowing tlieir bettle this week.
AVo aro vory sorry to say that tho
wen employed at* Rock Springs do not
seem favorably Inclined towards -the
organization, but thoy will fall In line
nftor a whilo when thoy got sklnnod
Homo more.
Joo Win wood spent Inst Monday distributing the now buttons and rounding up all tho nowcomors to sign t'ho
checkoff. Joo is aomo .hustler all
right, and tn a cnnip where thoro Is
no paid secretary It would ibo a good
thing If wn hnd ix taw morn Wen him.
Comrado PIshor, of Lothbrldgo, was
to havo delivered an open nlr ftueech
on Socialism last night, but ho did nel
show up, A groat mnny people were
C. M, O'nrion Ih expected to speak
horo an tlio 2»rd of this month.
A mooting of tho farmers north of
town will bo hold in tho Council Chamber on Halurday. Thoy nro to discuss
tho Irrigation <iuo»Uon.
A mooting of tho Hlok nnd Accident
Hocloty will bo hold on Sunday. Homo
Important business to discuss nnd all
mombors would do woll to nttond.
♦ ♦•
+-+.* + ♦♦♦
Mr. J, Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
Specialist In Tuning
Jfc Pinnolm Wortcw
Apply for terms to
BOX 533
or Houfce Ho. 21, Wood Si.
iTho Oddfellows' an mini hall took
placo Prlilay lust In Uio CVpuni Houso
nnd wis woll nttrndoil. HniitBlnffor'H
Fornlo orchestra supplied nattsfActory
mimic. All <nro**ont wo-mod *o *hor-
jo'iKlily onjoy Uiftmsolv«8.
I* *..*.'.'  ,'i<.i4.^.^.'.V..(..«K.'  ...i1,   k.'.t    Ijtttjtt,,, A   uW
l s<nme nlphl w;iu nlfto wi>ll patronized,
jnnd though probably not quite so
i "i-ony" n» thu I, O. U. V, affair, wiib
■loud iho loun en jo) aide to a large
! crowd, mostly forolgtiers.
Mrs. IMm'n AptHttronco iMtforo JuMiro
of the Pewo Ilrown on a -chnrgo of
broach of ponco. Instead of making
broth of thn principals, Mru. I,nlm
atnrtod a row with the owner of the
rival rooster and got too »>xprc*«lvo in
hor argument with the result that fc!i<>
>'t.t*l..l   *t,t,  .i',,«I   din-in,
P. !.. NaUrnlth and party, of tho C.
1' fi, Sfi'itrA N^'ionr*".--* 't.''ptr'r:!* ry.
nop;" -1 nff sii JfopHior In Uiojr j.h-
vate car H*timl»y.
.A tk^'.i'AfX Jo-rtttr* v*» |fivf-n *.n \l,r*
Opera riouso bj* R. WAlker. or .Vannl-
me, on MonAty taft, aim) wan woll »t-
itiWsHloril hy <to# lfl«r,iil if**4*. C/i<it,rtii\*t-
WalVcr. «hfi< spoke on the political
htworjr ai tho Ulnnti ttnko, hJinrtl*"*
6!s mhUxi xrry tnAitibh -ind mtule
a good impression. Comrade Rees, of
Fernie, also gave a short account of
his experiences on the Island and a
successful meeting ended with a resolution toeing unanimously carried calling for the immediate liberation of
the Imprisoned Island miners.
THwo Fernie Slavs were jointly
charged beforo Justice of the Peace
Drown with creating a disturbance in
the restricted area and resisting arrest, Tlieir short sojourn in Hosmer
cost thc^m thirty and costs, ' '•
A yellow circular, which to a certain
extent explains the 'high cost of "beef
especially," and other neceflsltlet* of
life, has boen going the rounds. Speculation ls rlfo as to the author, tout who-
ovor he was ho certainly .raised some
An exp&otnnt Board of Trado meeting was held Monday in Labollo's pool
room. It only needs "something" to
got n crowd. .However, no ono dared
to bo n Daniel and the mooting fizzled
out with a rosolutlon asking the coal
company for a cheaper rato for lighting.
Tho citizens' meeting which wo ro-
iported 'in last week's notes gavo form
to their Idea of helping .the Island
strlkors' kids tills Christmas ln the
Hhupo of \x banket soolal and dance,
which will be held In tho Opora Houso
Tuesday, Nov, 2."th. Paste tho dato in
your hat. A good musical program
will bo arranged, nlso tho best of
dnnco imislo is to iho obtained. An
enjoyable tlmn Is giinrnnt.oml for nil.
Tho iprleo Of admission to tho lot Is to
bo no cents. Seeing that tho Industry
of tho town Is Identical with that of
the strlko zono, tho whole of tho
townspooplo should support this worthy object, for which tho abovo Is being Riven, on .masse, as, after nil, tho
ronl victims of any Htrlko aro tho women and chlldron.
The Hoard of I4xa ml tiers mot Monday to hold the usual monthly sittings
for tho ipurposo of Issuing minors' pa-
ipivrx. Owing to various complications
that imve arisen recently the minors
hnd two roproHontiitlveffl turn up. This
put MiiltvgH In ti chaotic stato so Inspector Wllllnms suggested nn adjournment until things could be straightened out.
We nro asked to give a still further
hint ro tho raffling of n certain gram«
nplume.   Know anything?
It's up to tho Indies of Hosmer to
inn lie I.ho baskel. so-dal a biiccohi; tho
men nre Just Itching to buy them,
f*l       , l T      1*   *        1 .    ..t ,.l.  t..      , .,      *
ttvmtm th Weil with In the death of two
ol his children, both liroin iho »miu>
trtutplalnt, scarlet fever, within a i*:w
fliy* of oich othor.
♦ ♦
*** MiCrifcw *.'»**JV*i.i -*
♦ ♦♦♦+>♦•+♦♦
Mr. nnd Mm. M. Joyce and family,
from the Yellow Head Pa«#, are l-erfl
visiting their relative!.
Two Accident* happened In 8 South
Mini- on Tueftdsij* Joliu T<Mnttu i.
meeting ^Ith ft Mftou* Injury to hu
•ye anil MlJro Vnilnnh burin* hl« t/,t>t
criHl-tva ihrotifh a 1*** ** rork. Hoth
men nre belli* ».U«kl«l to by I>r. Wei-
don and are profr**itn*f favoiably.
A banntiet w«» glr«n Innt woek at
the horns ot Mr. H*r»y Gregory to
**«o?w»i|* »*• famine <rf it* of hi* ol**-
est mb. Goorga. A l»r«e number of
frto-mt* wero pr»«*»t mu*. xitctmno w»»
tbo recipient of tpslte a l*W number
of -presents and expressions of goodwill. The chief entertainers in the'
evening were T. P. and J.Waddington,
the former singing "You can't have it
all your own way," and the latter giving'a step dance ln good old Lancashire style.
-Frank Roberts was a visitor here
on Sunday last, returning home to
HlllcreBt the following day.
The following subjects were ably
dealt with, at tho Methodist Church
during the week .by Rev. W. H. Irwin
from Bellevue: Monday, "The .purpose
in Jcbusi' life"; Tuesday, "Tho eoclal
organism, on analysis of our present
social .system,, and our social problems" ;• Wednesday, "Suggested remedies, a psychological *s.tudy of the
slum and his redemption"; Thursday,
"Reform movements, nn investigation
of. movomentsi at work reforming society and saving tho race, treating
with Soslalism, syndicalism, ~ single
tnx, anarchy, etc."; Friday, "The work
of tho Christian and tho Church,
showing tho purpose of our Institution
and what sho may accomplish."
On Saturday last W. Savngo was
prosecuted by Game Warden Frank
Armour for shooting nn elk during tho
closo season. Tho caso was tried before Judgo Hums and was dismissed
owing to I nek of evidence.
Mr. Harry 13vnns, who has boon a
resident of Mlchol for tho past seven
yenrs, loft here for Hlllcrest, whoro
ho hns socurod a job pipe fitting.
Mr. Murphy, our station' -agont, loft
for a vacation and during his iibHonpo
Mr. ,T. Tlallflal is our agent.
Tho yardage question that has boon
pending slnco tho last strlko has .been
disposed of In it vory unsatisfactory
man nor ns far ns tho minors aro concerned, Tho decision glvon by Mr. Jas.
Muir, of Calgary, tho Independent*
chairman, was altogether In favor of
■tho coal compnny. Somo of our mem-
born who nro class conscious anticipated Ihis result, ns thoy wero aware
thai Mr. McNeill and Mr. Muir would
not look at this mnt^or from tho miners' point of vlow and U was Impossible for ProH, Smith to win the caso,
thoro lining two to ono ou tlio other
sido, It Is lime thnt our membership
woko up to the fact that w{« shall
novor be able to Improve our condition
or get any lasting redress until wo
iMH'omo strong enough to demand It
nnd xtrong enough to fight for It.
Mrs. Mickey McLean, from Hosmor,
Is vUltlng her mothor, Mrs. Jonklnson,
at tho boarding house.
Fn;d f5ullctt watt visiting frlonds in
Conlhurst this wook and having ft look
-1 .       I, ,    f       1 ...    I Ur
'*<     ' .'    *        .-'..,.     .       t. .       I.hi,       ty.'..       Mii4>*. ..I.   .. * .    -
ways the place looks just tbe same but
thero dire lots of strange fncca around..
Colin Molx-od, of McLeod, wns on »
buslnoss (rip to Conlhurat on Monday
In conneetlon with tho Carton trial.
Quito n chango has been made In
tho yard engine crow, Duncan M<-
•Vat'.), t!w ii-..v«, xi.u i,_\i lX\_ tUrotUo,
having aoctiro.l a Job on the C*. -P. It,.
loft r-onlhuni' nr, tfittnrJIny, hl» dnHom
««rw fw-lnfi carried ont by IVimmy
Steel, tho former bmkeman of U»l«
famoo« cm*-. I^ouchle McMUUn attend* to the nlr hrnkea and coupling*
He. W* *<rc< looking for a dtffenot
elum**. however, the f!r*uan not b»
•attafled »1th handling tbe pan.
'I'W CtNitaurfct k boai're Hi ttow tkAtt*
good bis.   The manager hi « hostler
and .gives good value for money received every, .Monday, Wednesday and
Saturday,. with a dance thrown in on
Friday night to remind us of olden
A collection was made ait Uie pay
oftico on Saturday for John Digman,
the shotllghter who received. serious
injuries about the eyes eome months
ago. We understand a goodly sum
was collected to hand over to tho unfortunate man* to cheer him up a bit.
A rumor wont around the camp a
week ago that Geo. Garoluk, the driver who got hurt on th.e 27th of October, .was dead in the hospital, but on
phoning down to that Institution it
was found that he was getting along
very nicely, that hia injuries wore only
ellght and that they expected to have
him out in a few days. Still, somo of
the boys would have their own way
and stayed homo to >bury him on Saturday. Tliey must like this kind of
Wo bolleve some/ of tiie homesteaders in and. around tills district Bhould
bo put on the same list a» Uio Indians
nro in tlio hotol bars; porhups the rich
harvest of green feed and No. 2 oats is
getting on tliolr norvos a llttlo.- -No
doubt Mr. Hales, of Kipp, thought so'
nu ho had a vory unpleasant experience by .bolng run Into by a -prosperous oat grower on tho Diamond City
road last wepk and lost a vory valuable mnro belonging to his neighbor
(Mr. Start) as a reijult.
Johnny got through with tho threshing and la u&ilu Huun working at his
old occupation lu tho .blacksmith shop.
Mrs. Frod Phillips loft on Tuesday
for hen homo In tlio Old Country.
Nick Slaniko rotumod to Conlhurst
on Monday. .Nick says tho month's
rest nt the Government's expense was
Alright and if the soup wor moro plentiful ho would llko to *tny a iwhlle
longer, but ho thinks his fathor-ln-law
will llko///n better now and Nick Is
willing to tnko It. nil back again. Good
boy, Nick.
Tlio green nnd white looks good on
tho Union Hall now. All wo need Is
u big red ring io mnko tho bull mad,
Earn $15 to $35 Weekly
NURSES is ever increasing and Doctors  will  not assume  responsibility
without a Trained. Nurse.  The HOME
STUDY COURSE in Nursing which
the Rochester Nurses Institute glves^
students appeals to thousands,   Their
graduates command from  $15.00 to
$35.00 weekly.   The Rochester Nursea
Institute will thoroughly train any ono
(rom 18 yearB to sixty, nnd give Diploma, when Oourse is completed. Write
today for Free Booklet.
Land Registry Act
Injtho matter of an application for
•tho Issue of duplicate Certificates of
Tltlo .to Lots 1, 2 and 3, Hlock 10,
Town of Michel, Mjip 702.
, Notice Ib .hereby glvon that It Is my
intention to Issue at tho expiration of
ono .month aftor tho first publication
horeof duplicate Certificates of Tltlo
ito tho abovo montlonod lots tn tho
narnos of Frank Campbell, John Marsh
and Thomas G. Harries, as trustees
of tho Mlchol Local No. 233i, Unltod
Mino Workers of Amorlca, which Cor-
tlfloatos aro numbered 1-171 flA, M717A,
■NoUon, H. 0., lst Novombor, 1013.
District Registrar.
Tho ladiea of tho Prcabytorlan
Church havo made arrangements for
n snlo of fruits, cakes, pUtm puddings,
mlneo moat, ahorbbrond. salted nl-
ntonda, cookies and candy, special box-
ea of which will bo sold for fiOc, 7fie
nnd $1.00, on Wednesday, Hoc. 17th, in
tho Church bnnomont, Lcnvo your orders onrly with any member of tho aid
Moclety and make «uro of something
good for Ohrlstmai!,
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
'68 McPherson-^.ve.,. for rent; has
•city  water  and  toilet.    Apply "68
■McPherson Ave/. ' 10ft
YOUNG 'LADY*- wants, general store
work.   Apply "Box 380; ■'City/-'," iOl
WANTED for winter months, -small
furnlBhed house, .central. Apply"
Box 380.      ' , 105
GOOD PLAIN COOK wants position.
; Apply Box .380, City. ■ , .  •,        104.
.REiyaRS-*--G. Furlong, of Cran-
.brooTc, will bo at Trltee-Wood Co.
Nov. 10th to do all work of this description,   Charges reasonable.   107
MINERS LOOK—Every--man who has
a wlfo should also have a home on
a fruit.farm lu Croston. You can
buy ua good land, as thoro is in B.
C. from II. Lamont,.Croston, B. C.
Only small payments rqqulrod.   82
TOR SALE—Furnl&re and houso furnishings, J. I, Macdonald, comer
Macplici'Hon and Rogers St. 05
FOR SALE—An Edison Concort Phonograph with 160'records; this is n
Mahonoy Phono, ivlmost now; can.
bo hoard by appointment. Apply A..
Haggoley, Hox 213, Fernlo.        101
book-koopor raqulroH situation; considerable oxporlonco in law offices.
Apply Hox 3S0, *.CS
FOR SALE—Puro brod Whito Log-
horn roostors at $2.50 each, Apply
J. .McLaughlin, Wost Pernio.    .103
For first-class Taxldormy work,
mounting anything from a snake
to an clophuiit, cull or wrlto
P.O. Box0 Wait Pernl*
limn War Drama.   A thrilling picture built nbout the spectacular uiul historical
font of \h*y nrwst of the Filipino leader hy U. S. General Fnnston and his iscouR  A feature
that will hold you Mpcll-bmiml hy tho iculiHiu of tho hcoiioh nnd tho intonsity of tho situa
Tuesday, Novamb.tr 11,
Robinson Crusoe
a KKKIX I)<<Pw«Mtlvt'ntU!i'*(!laMle~Thf won-
ilfrful tnle ef thnshlp-wivckwl mariner tohl In film
Wednesday, November 12,
The Dread of Doom
ii H-M>le—'i'hi* ti-ni-tili* pxfitTiwirre of n Doctor who
hit* wciflrntHllr Iwrotw (nncuUtftl with tho
gi'rmsof mln«<lr-«l c11«mm».
jrai'imii'iMiwu.",   , I'fi-i ifTivn .'.■..".w.vii1 .ii.'mi
Friday, November 14,
Trapped in tlie Death Pit
Or tho Gmnt Hnllloii Hol»|j«»ry. Hw» tho wnrntlnn"
al flrp aronOf ttconcti At tho hottoni of tho wn.
Saturday, November 11
3 ro«l*.  Orcnt Northohn Peatnro.
Saturday Matlneee at 240.   Saturday Evening 8hew at 7.00.   Other Evenlnge at 7M.


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