BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Oct 11, 1913

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0308944.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308944-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308944-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308944-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308944-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308944-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308944-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

*..-s*'KT,-. 'Hi 9 sii'ti;,, i *r'■*),'*:!•
■V   »
- i   , ^%„ ''
-.    . ~>> ,£X>>I* i.i-f     .,'fli
'■'.. :'pt^x°&B$A^
.^..-XAy-.t ""
/Industrial.Unity ig Strength.
The Official ^Orgari of District ^No. 18, U, M. W. of A.
m.   282
Political Unity is Victory.
■ t \x£/*
;: No. 7rvoiryn.
$1.00 A YEAR
J The situation that has arisen in. con-
^netotlpn with the proposed packing
iplant seem^to^ demand this caption;
The citizens'of Fernie should not
be ibiased-or governed' by, those^who
think they express the opinion of the
electorate." ,' ',*"'.     ' ^ , -
v' iK you want .the proposed* industry
and believe it will be beneficial to the
toWn and that the City Council can
enforce . their sanitary regulations,
vote foir.lt., If, on the other hand, you
believe'the people who have "bucked"
this concern.coming here are animated by a; desire'to study your interests,'
. then.vote against it
"cessary for the .police to clear a space
for them to enter' the edifice. After
the services the rescued man held on
informal reception and it ls estimated
that more than 500 people grasped his,
• Toshesky slept most all of yesterday afternoon and' retired again early
last night, police at all times guarding
his house to prevent the crowds from
disturbing his rest. When he arose
today he informed his friends that he
was feeling . fine and - declared ■ he
would be ready to resume work at the
mines on Monday. Mine officials, however, say they will not permit him to
go to work for several'days.   ".
We have received by long distance
phone the news that Andrew ■ McKil-
lon; a driver employed at Kipp mines,
was killed today just as he.was hauling last trip from mine face. The deceased'by some means, at present not
known, slipped under, the cars and
was instantly killed.    ;"'
■     We have received 'the following for
publication in reply to opposition from
those who consider the proposed plant'
''svill be obnoxious: .
Fernie, B. C, October 8th, 1913.
Editor of the District Ledger.   "'   :,-
~,,'"; .Fernie, B.-C.
Dear Sir,—On returning to Fernie.
today" after an absence of nearly two'
weeks,'I* find tbat apparently considerable opposition has arisen to my. putting in an abattoir' and cold storage
.jilant on Block 44 in the city of 'Fer-
, nie.   Ab nearly as'I can ^ascertain
those • who, oppose. the (- undertaking
^eiainrthat"thTe'rectron_of sucTTaplanf
will not only be a. nuisance to -the
property owners in close proximity to
Block 44, but also to the entire city;
Without going into all the details
■  ot the. proposed plant, I might say
, -that it- ls my opinion that not the
, alifjhtest'anfloyftuce will be caused to
any, ope., Itje. my intention," 4t the
by-laiy passes, to erect a modern up-to-
. date  plant along the  linos ot  the
two ^recently erected ln the, city, of
. Edmonton, where, notwithstanding the
fact that many expensive residences'
are erected'around the two plants not
the slightest objection has been raised
by any one.  I consider that I am the
one who is taking all the-chances in
tfliis matter, as apart from the fact
that I must-find my market in order
that I might continue business,} mtiBt
also keep strictly within the provisions ot tho Health Act, which is in
force In the city of Fernlo, and if those
who object to my undertaking on the
ground that, it will bo a nuisance will
go to the'City HaU^and conault tho
Health Act, it will bo found tbat I can
bo prosecuted and put out of business
in tho event ot tho Health Officer making complaint, '•
If I did not know absolutely that
tho proposed undertaking "would not
cause tho slightest annoyance to anybody, I certainly would not tako tho
chance of investing a good many thou-
,. sand dollars tn your oity. ■
I do not protend that my undertok-
. Ing -to start with will bo of a vory
great financial nsslBtance to your city;
but I eorlainly havo in mind as tlmo
goes on to Increase my business to
suflh nn extent thnt tho payroll alone
will bo a groat asset to tho eity,
I might my that 1 would much prefer to obtain proporty situate further
from tho city of Fornlo where I would
never havo to pay moro than a nominal lax, but I find It Impossible to
Boouro other proporty thnn Block Forty-four, and In addition tho sowers and
wator connections with tbe city ot
Fornlo will onablo mo to koop my
plant In an absolutely sanitary condition,
It In my Intention to opornto my
plant Indopondontly and supply the
public with froshor meat than they
havo been getting in the past nnd at
a lower price; also of a superior quality and lima It will bo aeon tho cltl-
sons of Fernlo will reap a direct bone-
■ Your* truly,
.The Fernie S. A. Band will give a
grand musical festival, and pie social
iii their Barracks, opposite the post office, on Oct. ,18th"(pay Saturday), at
8 p.m. A speclaLprogramme has been
provided'as follows:—
■- Program °
Opening" song,1 No. 258 S. B.
Prayer.-     ■; '-■  ,~.
Chairman's remarks.
March, >The   Faith   March,"   Full
Band.       .','   ...        '; •
:  Bible reading," 160th; Psalm; C. Ven-
ables."'    •._.  ',  '..;,,., .•. ■■!■.
_■_ Instrumental .trio, i'Ltttle Mary," T.
sime, Eor^pr and^TJ&cliffe.
, VooaVfwlo.^EternlV," j. ■cunliffe.
. Horn solo,."KilIarney,"!J. Ratcllffe.
>, Vocal found; ''When I went to the
Army," Jjjive Bandsmen. ;
V Selection, .'"Songs of Heaven No. 2,"
Thill TJn'-nH    '     ' ' - "'- '        •'■     - i
minutes,   refresh-
Full Band
■ -Ifiterval/.of.v ten
ments served.-, '■•■■.'
■March, !'The French March," Full
Band.v - ' 'k      „    '
•Recitation,, "Football Saturday" J.
Cunllffe. , The true story of what a
bandsman's open-air testimony accomplished in a district where many thousands visit the football field.
Rbbs solo, "Marseillaise," T. Sims.
Vocal solo, Selected, Band .Sergeant
Instrumental quintette, "No Burdens Yonder," Flvo Bandsmen.
Euphonium solo, "Poor Old .Too," P.
8. Ratcllffe.
Selection, "Happy Day," Full Band,
Doxology, England.
Wm. Ramsey, Band Sergeant; Ed,
Brown, Band Secretary;. Wm. Ratcllffe, Band Master,
Admission'by ticket, only 25c.
Interest in the situation at the
Coast has been somewhat, enlivened
by the starting of trials against the
accused. From the last sentence of
telegram which we-print below it will
be observed that the very important
(?), event—wedding of the clerk' of
the'court's son—has been responsible
for a delay in .proceedings. We do. not
care to comment as strongly as we'
feel on this, but it certainly does seem
extraordinary that the trial of these
men, who have been compelled to undergo the hardships of jail for two
months, should be' prolonged on account of social functions of this nature.' The .terrible effect of incarceration in a dark, narrow, dismal cell, denied the' right of newspapers, tobacco,
intercourse with • loved ones and an
opportunity :,to defend themselves
against the charges laid against them
can only be described by those who
endure same.
Justice may be tardy but retribution
for Bowser and ,his mob is certain.
Never in the' history of the British
nation has a more disgusting abuse
of justice been witnessed than in
keeping these men ln jail. Charges
as serious as murder and as frivolous
as Intimidation, have been preferred.
Justice shall not be bought nor sold!
Ye Heavens!
.From the telegram below it, would
appear the prosecution threatens to
take each triar separately1 and by
so doing probably, .extend proceedings .-twelve nforiths! We cannot but
wonder, that the "trade unionists"
amongf'the legal gentry should raise
a" kick when a. "card" man is ' not
employed!. .Twelve months' - steady
Tvork~idokff"f6bdr"and"tob gobiTtcTre^
linquisli/without a, kick.
We have wired Geo. Pettigrew asking him for a line from Jail;' but do
not know whether "'we shall receive
same, as we .understand one^sheet of
.paper .jje'r ..week Is all that-prisoners
are allbweii,      "'"■        ■ ,y~'
At Olivet Baptist Church
(Special to District Ledger.)
NANAIMO, B. C, Oct. 9.—Lady
smith men arraigned for trial before
Judge Moway this morning. Fourteen
of the-accused elected for jury trial,
seven -for speedy trial and thirty
pleaded guilty to a "charge of riot.
Speedy trials will finish tomorrow.
Judge. has remanded the men who
pleaded guilty and no doubt will sentence them sometime next week. No
date set for the Nanaimo or Extension men.
arately,."in i^hich-event trials could
not be concluded in less than one year
and apparently seeks this means of
intimidating the men and forcing
tbem to'accept'trial without jury and
■place themselves.entirely at the mercy of the court.-." Up to date all applications for ball have been refused except in casesof sickness. This is persecuting, not '-prosecuting. Men who
undoubtedly \are innocent of the
charges preferred against them have
.been held in jail for two months with
no immediate (prospects of release.
There ls nothing definite as to when
trials will begin.- Work-on court de-'
Iayed one day1 by absence of clerk of
court, who was-attending the wedding
oD his son.—Robt. Foster.
. The following, is from the B. C. Federationlst' and the reader may gather
something of the filthy and disgusting
conditions which innocent men—remember a man is innocent until convicted, according to' British Jaw, not
Bowser's—are compelled to" endure'.
Let' the reader lpaglne these surroundings for a .moment and contemplate "the day" when he will have an,
opportunity of expressing by the ballot his opinion. It will prove a useful meditation for those who failed to
make proper use of ,the franchise at
thej last election: '
Jail Conditions
"As far as the Nanaimo jail is concerned, it is as-clean as soap, water
and labor-power can make It, but it
is an ancient" edifice and was never
intended to' liouse 95 _men- awaiting
trial, in addition to'i the" regular prisoners awaiting trial, .The cells have
j^jsi^tan^rrangements or_fresh
water and considering that the prisoners are shut,up at 3.45-p.m;, three in
a cell, 6 by^J) feet, and remain there
Until the following morning" at 8 k.m.,
with a bucket inthe corner of the
cell for the.accommodation of those
forced to „ comply jvftyi the demands
of- nature, the condition 'of the atmosphere at the end of 16 hours' confinement can be better imagined than
Treated as Convicted Criminals
"Tobaoco is forbidden; there are no
lights In the cells, and newspapers
published In the province are .not permitted In the jail and' the men are
fed the samo food as those convicted
and serving tlieir sentences."  "
charges. John Place, Socialist M. 'P.,
will face three charges and there are
several prominent union leaders
among the accused.
The men who are to be tried have
been held without bail in conditions
which tliey stato are got good even
for prison life, and there-have been
many complaints made as to the sanitation of the jails and the crowding
of three men in a cell. As many of
the sentences which may be passed
for the misdemeanors can be but little longer than what the men have
served in jail awaiting trial, the complaints are all the more keen.
The union men are determined not
to suffer without ,a good showing at
least and they will be defended by
two of the most prominent members
of the provincial bar, Messrs. J. E.
Bird and J. W. deB. Farris. JJoth
theso lawyers have been'in Nanaimo
for the last two days making notes
of the locations of the various troubles tand' they will be opposed by Mr.
A. D. Taylor,,K. C, crown prosecutor,
who, will be assisted by Mr. T. B.
Shoebotham. The judge will,be Judge
Howayj of New Westminster, and the
fact that Judge Barber, of Nanaimo,
in .whose district the troubles took
place, is not allowed to.,sit on the
bench, Is also another cause'for grievance among the union men.
The ladles of the Presbyterian
Ohurch are giving a Cafeterlan Dinner
on Oct. 29 and 30 from 6 until 8 p.m.
each evening.      . •
On Monday, evening the Aggressive
League will continue'Its study of civic
conditions. Mr. Bird will be the leader and Mr. Arthur Wright will give a
paper on ""Religious Tendencies."
Charlie Lucca goes to Wycltffe, B.
C, near Cranbrook, to box Billy Miller
from Blalrmoro 10 rounds on Saturday, Oct. 11th. Mr. Lucca will then
return to Cranbrook, where he will
train for his match on Thanksgiving,
It has been found necessary to padlock the "Daughters' " tins to the light
and telephone standards, there being
an inclination on their part (the tins,
not the "Daughters") to loiter about
the sidewalk and roadway. We wonder what will happen to them when
the snow arrives?
International Organizer Carl Theo-
dorvlch bas been instructed by International to proceed to Colorado ^ and
assist Vice President Hayes in conducting the strike there. Carl left-on
Tuesday, and <*an be re'ied upon to
give a good account of himself.
Miss Bertha Pearson was in Cranbrook this week the guest of Mrs. C.
If So°Used, Government Should Pay
..   Them Adequately for Services
pf » j;rgd.
- Sunday, Oct. 12th, will be 'Rally Day
at ,the Methodist Sunday School. The
morning service at the Church will be
given to the children, at which an
open school will be held. Special music by a children's, choir and three
short addresses by representatives of
the school will,be features of a varied
and interesting, program. In the afternoon there will be reports from
the different departments and a' further program of songs and recitations.
On Saturday last'a very sad accl-'
dent occurred on the approach to the
G. N. trestle bridge to the north of the
the town. -The management is ar-
ta Germain Costos, was returning
from ari short hunting trip to go on
shift at1 2 o'clock, and in trying to
dodge around a water barrel on the
trestle approach, was caught by the
G, N, local engine and killed instantly.   ,
The inquest was held on Monday
and a verdict of accidental death returned.
Deceased, wno was a member of the
union, had only been in the country
som© six months, and was of French
nationality. He was a wldoWer and
leaves two young children (one in the
old country and one in California) to
mourn their loss.
The funeral of the deceased will
take place on Sunday next, leaving the
undertakers' parlors at 2.45 p.m. for
tho Catholic Church, where service
will be liald at 3. A special train will
leave Coal Creek at 2 p.m. All members of Gladstone Local are requested
to attend.
'•■pr.Aple hf Cf.nlrnMn, Pcnn., Crowd
Chureh—Entombed Man Well
One of tbo oldest festivals of mankind Is that of tho Harvest Thanksgiving. Beforo tho Christian era,
amongst people of varying stages of
civilization, we find a festival, the object of which Ib to glvo thanks to tho
Lord of thn Harvest for his wondrous
and bountiful gifts to mnn It Inil, The
Bamo- spirit nnlmatOB prosont dny
Christian peoples. Churches are artistically decorated with boautlful
flowers and ornamented with a gonor-
ous display of vcgetntlou,
Olivet Church moro faithfully enunciated tbe spirit of this ancient festival, Truly tho sacred edlflco became
the Onrdon ot tho Lord,
Tho Lad loi' Aid woro ronponalblo
nnd to thorn the credit Ib duo for work
so .admirably dono, under tbo anporln-
tendency of Mrs. WoBtby.
'Tho minister for tho occutlon was
tbo Kev. Lnbonti, of Calgary, who do.
llvered powerful and Inspiring nd-
dro-sbuu. The choir rendered two vory
beautiful .anthem*, ontltlod "Autumn
I'ral»e" and "Prnlao tho Lord," The
solo part In the lattor wns ably sung
by Mrs, T. Prentice, Mr. T. A. Phillips
Ib to be congratulated on the well-nigh
perfect alnglng of the choir, Mr. J,
WhUohoimo performed on thn nrmin
in hia own Inimitable style.
T»c- <Ch.uiv.ti nm* ■uuwvi'-iui wua wor-
shippers and the otterloty was a gen-
oroua one.
There wae a good children's choral
service on Sunday afternoon, the chit-
Art*n nlmrinr and TcrHIm* unrtor t^n
(Special to tbo Ledger,)
■NAiNAIMO, B. C, Oct, 7.—South
Wellington men wore brought up for
trial Monday morning, Oct. Oth,. Tbo
prosecution added four more counts
to those nlroady placod against them.
Mon wero glvon tho opportunity of
electing form of trial that they wish
on those and other charges preferred
against tbem, and all but two elected
for trial by Jury. Tho Judge hns com-
polled those two to accopt Jury trials
with tbo roBt. Crown prosecutor
threatens to have oach man trlod sop-
Over 150 Accused Will Be Tried—8tlll
Many  Complainta  Regarding
Life In Jail
NANAIMO, Oct. 5,—Tomorrow will
soe the Btart of tho trials of tho minors .who wore arrested subsequent to
the recent troubles in this district and
tho Issuo promises to bo ns prolonged
as It will bo Interesting,
Thero are In nil eighty-eight men
who will stand trial for tho Nannlmo
and Extonslon troubles and In addition, sixty-five for tho rlotB at Lady-
smith. Thoro nro fow who will OB<>npe
with but ono chnrgo nnd many will
faco as many ns threo nnd somo four
■That the local militia should .tt.pt be
used to perform the work of the-police, and that if they are so used, the
government 'should make arrangements to see .that they were paid by
.those.who.em'pjoy theri^ was the concensus of opinion among 'the members
of the board of works yesterday, afternoon when an application was received from one of the street cleaners asking for payment of wages for the' time
he was on strike duty on Vancouver
Island. The application was ultimately sent to the finance committee but
the board as a whole was opposed to
It. -
Aldorman Crowe, In the chair, could
not, for the Hfo of him, see why that
board should bo asked to pay a man's
wages when he was performing othor
duty. "Why," declared the aldorman,
"no buslneBB firm would pay it and I
would not pay lt mysolf."
"There was no reason," said Aldorman McMaster, "why tbo militia
ehould be used on anything but active
service, If thoir services'wore roqulred
in the defenco of their country. If tbo
government wishes to call them out,
let them pny tho men their full
Alderman Woodsido joined In the
protest, ns did tbo other members of
tho board, nnd tbo formor remarked,
amid laughter, thnt If tlio board paid
this account thoy would hovn all tho
civic employees Joining tlio Royal
Irish Fusillors,—Vancouvor Sun.
As announced last" week, all contestants will have a chanc© to secure a
substantial increase of votes by taking thlB week's Issue of ,the Ledger
to ■ Suddaby's Book and Drug Store.
Tho number on your paper represents
the number or votes youwlll-Teoelve.-
Contestants will not be allowed to purchase more than ten papers, but
there will be some high numbers floating around so get In. ThlB la where
tho late beginners get a chance.
C0NTRALIA, Penn,, Oct. 7.—Thorn-
ai Toihesky, Uio miner who waa liberated yesterday from hts underground
Pimm ta ine ConUnen*Uil mine after j leaderahlp of If. D. Wilson and Sun- society would afford opportunities for
being entombed for eight dayt, fait ao {day School Superintendent, Mr. Mor- an  unierupuloui  person  to collect
Men   Shown   Dangers  of   Suggested
Legislation and 8ome Good
Advice Qlven
MDMONTON, Oct. 7.—Tlm* act to
Incorporate tlio Mutuul Benefit Society of Italian workors of Coleman did
not mcol with tlio npprpvnl of tho bill
commltteo of the legislature today.
The laudable objects of tho socloty
were set out In tbo bill aa follows:
To Improve -the uoclnl, Intellectual
and moral condition of tho members
of tho socloty and to cducnto them In,
Integrity, sobriety and frugality and
to give all moral nnd mnterlnl nld In
Ita power to ita mombors nnd thoso
dependent upon tbem,
To eatabtlHli and mnlntftln n fund
for tho relief of sick mombora nnd for
the burial of membora.
Thn i»wnm1tto«*> *p«*n«Mnri>il tlint Mm
objocta aa aot out brought tho aoclety
uuutar tfte acope o( an tnaurance society and pointed out that aa such tbey
would have lo pay « flee of 1100 a year
and make a deposit of |3,0(X) with the
*TJ*f*     IftW      r»1r>»V     *9l*,9t99ll*H        t\.,t        I*    r
Tho UlHtrlct Incentive
Hoard will moot at Tabur on
Monday next, Oct. 1,1th.
Crothers Says He Can Reply to
Charges In Few Words but Declines
to Say Words—British Labor Situation Moat Acute In Yean,
The management of this storo wish
us to announce that keys will be tried
out today (Saturday) and that, direct-
ly tho lucky individual opens the lock
ho can claim machino. This competition has been moBl popular and has
created a great umount of Interest
among tho patrons of tbe storo. Pinch-
bars, Jemmies, diamond drills and
skeleton keys will bo barred—nlso nitroglycerine.
Tlio storo havo n fine display of
luscious apples In their window and
an thoro Ib likely to ibe a shortago of
this fruit owing to tho early winter,
tbo thrifty ones should get busy and
seouro all thoy can, PrlcoB will, no
doubt, rule higher thnn In previous
We have received the following
from an eye witness.and gather from
Eame that the cribbing erected by the
Coal Company above No. 9 has been
"I - was a witness on Wednesday
about noon, Oct. Sth, of a rock slide
which might have resulted in disaster
had not the snow cribbing held most
of tbem.   'As it was one of the rocks
came, rolling down' the mountain side,
leveling everything tn its path,,In a
straight line for the sandhouse. When
within a few yards of the house, however, Jt turned to the right, and in'
passing only knocked  a few bricks
oft the corners.   There was a man
In the house at the time.   Soine of
the rocks oan be seen lodged in the
As our correspondent remarks, "wo
cannot stop Mother Earth from Indulging In siuUi frolics," but we drond
to think of tho consequences had the
cribbing not bct'n there. Tho machine
shop and boiler bouse nro ln a direct
lino with the slide, It In also the scone
of tno Inst snow slide and, as tho filling up of tho cribbing will mnko it easier for tbo next slldo to jump, possibly the Company will see thnt tho
cribbing Is kept clear and secure,
good thia morning that he attended
ohureh at Mount Cnrmel and joined In
a general prayer which waa of-fered
on account of blav rescue. The little
Lutheran ohureh waa crowded to ita
capacity and those who could not gain
entrance to the building atood with
bared hnado around thc lawu ami of.
fered up thank* for tbe miner'a aafe
deliverance from behind the wall of
When Toiheiky. who waa accompanied by bla wife, arrived *t the
ehureh, tht thvoag waa to great and
all viettt au wige* to abaVt* banda with
Win In congratulation that It waa ne-
On Monday evening the meeting
waa presided over by Mr. Haynea. Mr.
Bernard F-arr acted aa aaleiman for
the flowers and *egetablea that were
thero for disposal. Mr. Farr made a
splendid auctioneer, having milted
tho sum of thirty-one dollars for goods
The latter pari o! the evening was
taken up by the chair, and others who
sang a number of song*. Mfas Daniels reelM « ehsrntng and dtllgM-
fal poem. J. Wfiltebonse tltntfi. th*
evenlnrs entertainment by an organ
large anma of money from waking
men and mako away with thorn.
The Incorporators wore advised to
apply for Incorporation as a com*
pany under the companies' ordinance
chapter, whioh would give them all
the power they wanted. Tt was #•».
plained that the m*mbers would have-
to pay $t per month tr they were
eompMIwi to r*glster as an Insurance
eompany, and It would practically
pet them ont of bnalnesn,
Tho following lo n list of rettirnH
from sale of tickets In connection with
Hoorotary Hlllcruht Local .. ..$ 10.00
Hecrotary llonvnr Mines I^oeal    fi.00
Socrouiry Tabor Local	
ftocrotnry Colemiui Local'.. ,.
tk-crmnry Diamond City Loral
Secretary Carbondale Local  ,.
Catiamlrs LnHallo    liO.OO
Heierotnry Michel Locnl     Itl.r.O
Snwptnry illnnbbrnd Local . ,,,     fi.00
Airs, Zen 1      5,00
!»»»ri>lvwl m «1«t<* im m
Drawing will take placo ln Fernie
on October 20th in the lata Theatre
and result .will tie published (a Ledger
of ram* wetk.
'Hy tin error Bro. Casamlra Laosallo
waa credited with $100 Instond of |R0
,,.t.,„  ii.t  ,,.A,   *   ,t   •;;}.]'.I.-,Z
Next Monday week, Oct. 20th, the
, three handsome prises will be drawn
for at tbo lata Thoatro and we trust
that all who have tickets ond cash In
their possession will forward same to
this office not later than 14th InsL
Tht* CftfMtrlin Dfnnor ott Oct. 23
and 30 will give yon e large variety of
good things.  Watch for menu.
Some of the best and most up«to-
dste films have been shown at this
house during tbo I'Stt weeV and the
management as-iuro us that neit
week's program la every bit aa good.
Tha rt**>tit itiit ration to the ourtaln
ami a-Mttf'itmr '-"iif!n*c accaainwilntluu
are much appreciated by tho public.
Oct a bulletin ami keep up-to-date.
OTTAWA, Oct. ".—lion. W. T. Cro-
tlu*rs, milliliter of labor, who returned from Knglaud Thursday, In a Mlnto-
mont Kildtiy, ropliud to tite crltidmiiK
mndn against lilm tin minister of bvbor
by Iho duloKutou • to llm Dominion
Trades und Lnbor congress, hold in
.Montn.-nl Hint weok, In one brief intra-
grap.i, which reads na Uillowa;
"■ConcortiliiK tliu two criticisms
mnde ngalnst mo nt thn Dominion
Trades nnd Labor congress, at the
prnsent time 1 do not doslro to flMi«r
into any controversy, but will meroly
say tbat In a few vtord* they might he
completely nnHwnrcd."
liut Mr. Crothers would nol say the
low words when iu-muU by thu Weatorii
Associated Press.
Dlseussss Conditions In Britain
All he Wad to any on the crlMflsms,
which he emphasised, la contained In
■}\yf\  t A*rtr*Mri*f*» r-t ft t*^t ?,1i    T?/i   ^!n*fiin«hi(
at some length some or hts impression! of the labor renditions and
things tn general, Including homo rule
for Ireland, during hlr, bIx wreka' atny
In tho United Kingdom.
"My time," he said, "was taken up
In gathering Infornntfnn In Knghnd,
Ireland and Wales rtftpectlng labor
cnnd!ilnn« thfro, with thn vl#»w of nlil.
Irlng, If posulblf*. on tiehalf of Ihe
working people of Canada."
Tho odor of fresh paint nnd calso
mino pervades the Minors' building
and the whole place is bolng renovat
ed nnd cleaned,    Since the present
management hnvo tnken over tbo Club
marked Iniprovomont Ib notlcod In tho
eJoaiTllricHH niifl nnlor n f the prrm-
Ihoi*. and   llioro Is not thn  HllghtcHt
doubt that, with continued intention,
this plncu will lit) ono of tho mont popular rondozvoiiH for thorn* who wish to
spend u ploawint evonlnu and wijoy n
gnmo of billiards on the best tuhlcH in
ibe town.   The iniiiifigomont nre arranging to fit up tx separate room;
which It Is hoped will be iih«<1 by thet;
meii|bern of the fair hox who «U»Hlr*r»
tn ncnulro hIcII! with run nud Ivory.
The tablo In this room Ik, without
doubt, tho host In town today,   Tour-
ntimiMitH  nm  now  In   pronrcBH nnd
somo Imndsomo prize* are being given
nwny.    Mr.  S.  Dickon  siicccciIimI  In
lifting a t-iino of cutlery for bin prow.
<mn iih ii fiii'lat.   Any ppraon run vImIi
Club, which Is open to all.
The Typographical Union held one
of tho largoRt meetings iu ite history,
last Sunday In tlio Labor Temple,
Homo 150 members being present. On
tho potltlon from the "World" cbnpol
thnt a flvo-dny law be pnnctnd a lively dobato took placo. It wa» polntod
out that mnny members wore out of ,
work nt prosont, and nctlo'i looking lo
tliHr relief was Imperative,
Tho union, by a two-thirds vote, suspended tho mien nnd decreed thut
rommonclng with Mondny morning til
membora only work five days por
wook up to and including the Hutur-
dny before tbo October ni«> ting, » period of four weeks.
The union also donated $d(i to tlm
I'Yxl. fund for tho womon and «'hll-
dren'H CbrlHtmns box for tho talking
miners on tbo Island.'
-i Tlio sum of fliW) has heen raised by
popular miliHcrliitlou during the pn«t
month for the widow of a dcconsorl
member, No, '12f> hrviitail the Hat with
135.     '
No, 'J'iti Ih f'tnlinrklns; on an ni?gre«-
Hive label campaign, and at Sunday's
meeting a rcHoliitlnn wait panned to
Om I'/f^t tlmt tin' liilx'l v,ii tm uvitry
Job of which n-proof koch lo thn run-
tomer beforo printing.—II, ti. I-Vdcrn-
-. ..t...
Tbe Bsther Itebekab l^dg* **l»! ««•
tend divine aervle* at ihe I'roAyU'-
rlan Church ott Bonday renins, Ott.
HWt. AU dl-ftUr* and OtUw-'.U** **>•>
reqoeated to meet at tfce Hall at 1
All    those curlerf,    wouhMin    nnd
nboiild-bit, must bo In attendance nt
«,„' „, ,,,,.-.11. *  ,•;-__   ,.','..'.. ,.'.'.', '
nt H-ftrehmnr nnd Merlin'* Iuv;
on Wednesday, tbo lfith. nt R p.m. Thn
curlers Intend to do great thlngx thin <
Tear and tbo new fivc-i>h*iH:t tWt* which
Is being built near tbo prosi-nt Mkntlng
rink will be found compute und up to
\49.,<. t,i uivf; -u*. n.i,  id lull, < ill* iti*C 1>i
to recolvo the biggest boost It ban ever
hnd In thia part of the country.
The district bonsplel will take place
In Pernio on thn Oth of January, wlun
rinks aa fur woat ns Nelson, Trail and
Rossland, and east as far aa Medicine
Hut and Mooau Sxt,, **IU \,*- wiiH"
The members of the Cmlu-*' Ai-w**-
eljitlon extend to all *h<> have never
participated In tlio "roaring" gam* a
beany Invitation to be prewmt and
take part in the pro<v«ttlng«. There
Is one thing abent curling, you cannot
elaim to have reached tbe ago limit at
i-i. U i» ti tn»a*lm* lor iKiih jour*ft and
ol.» with lotfi of eserelie for both mna-
cle nnd lung.
Preliminary  Notice
.V   }i\l*-itt*   it..,,   ,'jitl.vt     rt ill   ill)   IH'itl   III
the Sorlnllil ll.-ill on .Monday. Orl.
20th. at ft p.m.
A apeelnl buMni'as mpftlna; of *be
above Party will be bold Sunday even-
Inr nt 7 30
All members aw H-qurslod <o attend, aa matters ol! Importance will be
up for dlnruHSlon,
Oct. r,.-—Mabel MeeV. sited fonr
month*. Kunerul Tursdsy last from
W4>«t FVrnl*. Rov. !VrI<»y officiating.
Oct. '.*.—Mitio Hot-Mo, srp*4 live
days. Fun-ml Friday from R. C-
Church, rt-fv, Kather Mlrti-rt officiating.
Oct. 4.—-Auguat* Gfrmaln Como*,
kSIM tit i; S\ trji-fV, tVrol**, F«T.f t*1
from It. C. Chuwh on Snndav a Her-
nnon. Ort. IS.
Mrs. I. Tyson dIH at Cotirtensy, n.
(?., on Wednesday, Oct tth, MIS. -iV- ''<*"--•-
•**.. i -.*.,>.-??•?j  --
•*< * .:,-.•■ ^ ..-,'■ \   ,     :.yA>* '-J:* *-;£%:• ~ ■.j3niJ.t?y.*J S Xt"   X    .   -      I'S    '■  - - -V-'i    a;-1-***,   .,.£--"-..--"i,.
----v-",.. *l* '- *-; v   ' -^ --X^'-j^sA.- '-■**'-.. \s*Ar"/ '"^'v'- si<' ■-<-,■ - --. " A~h.x,Si*'jj . '- • *•,'■■" --.
.-*■: -      1-. <;. j,*,*---.-,■■"■ V    '-S.'-i. *' ;*••'--.   *•*.. v"-'^'  -   *       --     -    •    t—Ls-*t.:-"'--'   "" ■
,.' ,:■.   \ , ■'        ."■'.■ -'<**%'~\,.z; .-•'-• ■-./■r.■"_■?.;■,-';f     ir'*-1.   j,'.'.,-. L— '..; "V"t*J '■••*••'  *~'"'*.* ^
(*■*.- , i   "    -v~,. v ,    .-** --"r' v -,-T'. -   \i"A?'.*.:'*£.-. r,-,.-  .y *..: .*.yj I-.   -'" - - "-      - 'Sy *-*■ .?„. •'.--
c-v->."- -■.'-?-   •"   *-'•, jA~: A ;- ,fi   ,A i-fA-pJ.'lX.J'    Ai -A ,- 'S    -'XX>-S       -."A)': -..*■ ■*_
ii"i'f*Sy--''''.- • i',,-" J.'-.-, '   .'«' S, ■"  'rf.j'-''*!' '"- l-".yj-'.";-'   ■ •* '-',"" ,'■ -",-- * ''      .--■. -'v   *".
The Story of the Putumayo
• i •
By W. E. Hardenburg
• TV.
Arriving in London in July, 1909. I
put my manuscript into shape and immediately began to seek' a' medium
through which to make iny_ fact's public. - This proved to be an exceedingly
difficult task, for, owing to-the extreme severity; of- the law „of libel in
KnRland, even the great dailies refused to take the. risks of incurring nu
action at the hands bf what was considered a powerful London company,
having a capital of a million pounds
and an influential board of directors.
After having unsuccessfully visitc-d
many .newspaper offices in Fleet
Street and havins vainly interviewed
several of tho leading publishers. I
was at last directed lo Truth, a well-
known weekly, founded by Henry La-
bouchere, the noted English statesman and journalist. This periodical
at once gave me a hearing, and, within
\\ short time, the editor had secured
such additional independent evidence
as to satisfy him of the substantial
ticcuracy of my information.
Accordingly, on Sept. 22, 1909, the
first article" on this subject appeared
in Truth. It was primarily a reproduction of many of Saldana's articles
in La Felpa and .La Sancion, followed
by an account of the experiences of
Perkins and the .writer in "The Devil's
The results of this article were in-
terestin?. The fact was a letter from
the Peruvian Amazon Company, of
which the following was the essential
"The Directors have no reason to
believe that the atrocities referred to
have in fact taken place, ancl indeed
have grounds for considering that
they have been purposely misstated
for indirect objects. Whatever the
facts, however, .may be, the Board of
this Company are under no responsibility for them, as they were not Iu
office at the times of the alleged occurrences."
A couple of liours later a communication containing the following statements reached the editor from the Peruvian Legation:
"This Legation categorically denies
that the acts you describe, and which
are severely punished by our laws,
could have taken place without the
knowledge of my Government on .the
Putumayo River, where Peru has authorities appointed directly by the Supreme1 Government, and where a
' strong military garrison is likewise
"The cuct"tlonc r_f?iT_- to of th?
two local papers, La Felpa and La
Sancion, should not be given the least
credit, as both these papers were
started by the same editor for dishonest purposes, and for that reason were
so shortlived.- There facts are well
known at Iquitos, and my Government
is aware that of late some Individuals
wefe trying to obtain from persons of
had character false declarations for
'blackmailing -purposes.
"I must therefore repudiate in the
■most deliberate manner tho accusation contained In the said article and
. based on the malicious information
supplied to1 you, and I protest most
emphatically against references therein madO'that soldiers of the Peruvian
Army could b'e Capable of committing
the acts or lnliumanlty described by
Mr. Hnrdonburg,"
It will bo'noted that In each of these
letters veiled suggestions are made to
convoy tho Idea that I had attempted
to blackmail the company. It will also
bo remembered that tlio samo accusation was mado In regard to Saldana.
Later on othor parties woro similarly
accused. It 'may bo stated that these
Insinuations, although unsupported by
tbo slightest attempt at proof, together with a continued disclaimer of
roBponslblllty, woro the Bolo reply of
tho directors to the series ot mon<
pi tons crimbs wo bad revealed,   And,
considering that the Peruvian Amazon
C.r.inpaiiy took over "The Devil's Pa:%i
af'ise" irom the Arana Company in October, 1907—a date prior to the murder of the Colombians and to many of
the atrocities committed upon the Jn- -J
dians—the insincerity of this disclaimer is evident.
Tlie categorical denial of the Peruvian Charge (VAffaires that the crimes
were committed without' the knowledge of his Government .was a denial
of-.a statement that had never been
made, hi fact, Saldana made it perfectly clear that they were committed,
i!ot only with the knowledge, but also
with the active assistance of tho Peruvian' Government. This was further
proven by the publication in the next
issue ot Truth of the followiuK extract
from a Protocol signed at Lima on
April 21, 1909, by plenipotentiaries on
behalf of the Presidents of Peru and
Colombia: ■
"The Governments of Peru and
Colombia express their sentiments of
deepest sorrow for" the events tliat
took place last year ln the region of
the Putumayo, and in token of mutual
concord agree to constitute by means
of a special convention (to be agreed
upon within tlie term of three months
after this agreement is in force) an
international commission to investigate and determine the deeds which
took place In that region, giving account of its labors iby means, of a report. If the two Governments do not
agree upon the responsibilities incurred for the said deeds, the affair shall
he submitted to arbitration. 'As soon
as those responsible and culpable for
the said doeds are determined, they
shall suffer the pains that the law' prescribes after the corresponding judicial process is concluded. In addition
to this, those who have suffered material damage shall be indemnified in
an equitable" manner, as well as the
families of the victims of all punishable deeds."
Incidentally, this clause also shows
how successful Arana had been in his
bold scheme(to push the responsibility
for the murder, of the Colombians upon the Peruvian Government.
The statement of the Charge d'Af-
faires -with reference to Saldana, as
we have seen in a preceding article,
were, of course, nothing less than absolute falsehoods. The eagerness of
this individual to serve the threatened
interests of his masters is easily explained, for, as certain, of the South
American republics do not pay their
representatives any salaries, other
means of procuring a livelihood must
be found..
■Subsequent issues of Truth contained numerous extracts from the state
ments procured by me during my Investigations in Iquitos. In' order to
show how -completely they corroborated those of Saldana, ■ portions of
which appeared in a previous article,
a few extracts are here' given.' The
following is from a declaration made
by Daniel Collantes and signed by him
before Arnaldo Gulchard, notary pulv
l«c at Iquitos, on May 18, l'i09:
"Mnrtlndngul ordered a commission
to set out for the houses of some
neighboring Indians and exterminate
them, with their women and children,
as they had failed to bring ln the
amount of rubber that he had ordered.
This order was strictly carried out,
for the commission returned In a few
days, bringing along with them fingers, oars and several heads ot tho unfortunate victims to prove to tho chief
that they had executed his orders."
This Is from the statement of Coles-
tlno Lopoz, signed bofore Fedorlco M.
JPUnrro, notary public at Iquitos, on
Mny 24, 1910.
"In May, 1908, I went to Morolla,
and bad hardly reached this section,
when I wltnoBsod tho cruel flagellation of seven Indians for tho usual
crime—that of not delivering enough
rubber to satisfy the ambitions of the
'clvlllzors.' Two ot those victims
woro mere boys."
Tho following Ib from n letter to
<7W P.
Mrs. P, Qcrvols, of 126 Hlcury Street. Montreal, wrltc*i"uMy
baby jjlrl developed n hnd rn«h on her body and It made her very
fretful ond III. Sho would not take food and seemed very sick Indeed.
-From fifteen pnundti, her weight fell away to nlnu nnd a liulf pound*.
"I took her to a doctor who gave mo a kind of lotion to uso ond
I uaud it rtguliuly, but tbe bnby got no relief, The nkln dtoenso
micinod to get worse and worse all the time we were doctoring for It,
no wa took the child to a bocoikI doctor. Ho told mo to mop nursing
thn baby, and gnvo mo other ndvico which I followed, but tho skin
■»l**,rn«ii  t*t\*  *ftiffin fltlfl  ti'nrni>
"At this time a friend of mine visited us nnd, having scon the
wid plight thu btxii. sum lit, site wild i uiul not kiio* tin** w to aImh.
thing*. Sho took my baby to her home and nppllrd /.ani-Iluk to lt»
llttlo b«dy. This seemed to give tho baby ease right from the first.
It cured the sores nnd began to reduce tho Inflammation, I went on
with tho Zam-Uiik-treatment, and to my delight within one week from
IIrit starting with JUm-Iluk the child looked like a (llffcnut baby
ii'UWtberl V-ril-hiri it nmnlti ine MWi Olstttuift ■»»**» vumi v.mnn.-. n-.,,,
the baby's appetite had returned and she was nlmext back nt her
normal weight,  Sho now looks like the very picture of health,
"There Is another festure of the case, One of the doctors hna Juil
•ent mo In a bill for $321 Tb-ii treatment t got for that money loft
tho child no belter than before It was started. Tho cost of Zam-Duk
treatment, wblch restored my child to health, wss 131
" Kvery mother should know what a splendid healer Zam-nuk In."
Zam-Bck Is a "short cut" to skin healing.   Use, It for nil tidii
Injuria snd diseases, eesomn, ulcers, blood poison, etc. and for pllm.
All druKKWl* ulid nUii-uti, 60 CtialH a box, or pout fiva fiuiu Zau-Ui.u
Co* Toronto, for price, Refuse b*rmfol imitations.
€LJkY W. *• *     M-99M &»4l Jt.'^kj''
the writer from }I. P. Camacho, dated.
Iquitos, February 20, 1909: .  t'
"Upon tho day of my arrival at.
Abislnia. wliich I,entered in company
will A-belardo Aguero, its chief, and
as we .were approaching the house,
several cadaverous looking dogs rushed out to meet us. Upon seeing them,
Aguero asked if there was no meat'
for them, and, being answered in the
negative, lie hurried to the cell of the
Indians, where several of these unfortunates, besides being/in chains, \yere
kept in stocks.' Among them was a
capitan, who held, clasped in his arms,
the last of his children, for his wife
and the rest ofthe offspring had already been murdered. Jerking the
'child away from him by main force,
he was released from the stocks and
unchained, was taken out to the yard
and, after receiving a few rifle bullets, was cut'to pieces r.with machets
and, although still alive, was thrown
to the dogs. This deed, savage and
criminal in the" extreme, filled me with
horror, and I protested against It—a
protest to which the only answer was
a4 laugh aud the advice to follow this
repugnant example if I .wished a more
remunerative post later."   .     v
The following extract is from the
declaration of .loao Baptista Braga,
dated October 8, 1908, at Constantin-
opolis and signed in' the presence of
a Brazilian toff leer, „Lleut. ,T. R. Brazil:
"It would have been an endless task
to relate the innumerable crimes that
1 have seen committed during my stay
in this section. Here, recently, in the
month of July, the capitan known as
Tlracahuaca and his wife, .were held
prisoners in chains. When the Jimenez—who had been temporarily absent—arrived, he had them brought
into his presence, and told them that
if their tribe .did not'appear within
the space of eight days he would show
them' what he would do with them.
The eight dayp passed, and as the
tribe did not come, he ordered a can
of kerosene to he poured over them,
and then,, striking a match, he set
fire to these unfortunates, who fled
to the forest uttering the most desperate cries. Naturally, upon seeing such
an awful crime committed, I expressed
my horror at it to Jimdnez, who replied that if there were anybody who
wished to protest against the order he
gave, he would serve them In'the same
manner, and that if the company kept
him as chief, it was oecause he knew
how to do his duty."    -
It would be useless to reproduce anymore of these sickening'statements,
only a portion of which we're even
published in Truth. Enough have
been cited to show the accuracy of the
ing company," as Arana used cynically
to call it.
The exposure of these abominations
in Truth occasioned great interest, not
only in England, but also in Peru.
Here the subsidized press/under the
influence of the "black gold" of the
Putumayo, Immediately took up,the
cudgels in defense of Arana ,and his
butcherB. 'But on the other hand, the
great mass of the people read the accounts of tho atrocities with horror,
and one of the first results was the.
formation of a society, having for Its
object the protection of tho -Indians of
all parts of Peru against the cruelties
of their exploiters. Moreover, as tbe
exposures were exciting such a strong
Interest in England and other financial and commercial centres, the
'Chamber of Deputies, probably realizing that this would bo bad for business, felt moved to pass a few resolutions and to appoint a committee of
Investigation, libit thero tho mattor
stopped for a long period.
In England, however, effective work
was being done. Just prior to tho
Truth publications, tho writer had sue-
coodod In laying tho facts of tbe caRO
boforo tho Antl-Slnvory nnd Aboi-l-
glnes Protection Socloty. This Society, whoso .object It Is to protect the
aborigines throughout tho world from
tbo brutalities of present-day capitalism, recognizing that the mattor was
ono that came within Its scope, took
It up at onco,
Accordingly, tho Secretary of tbo
Socloty wrote to tlin directors of tho
company, asking for a thorough Investigation of tho allegations. He ro-
colvnd In reply nn acknowledgment
and n copy ot tho lottor to the odltor
of Truth, quoted previously In thlB article. To thlB the secretary of tbo
Society mndo the following rejoinder:
"On behalf of thn Commlttoo of tho
Antl-Slnvory and Aborigines Protce-
tion Society, I nm to point out that, as
the compnny was incorporated In October, 1007, thn responsibility of the
prosont board would appear to have
begun nt that data, iuul not In December. IMS, when tho shnros wore Issued
In this country; nnd further, thflt •.-*.
two of the partners of tlm vendor firm
arc directors of tbe Pornvlnn Amazon
fompiiiiy. one of them bnlng Its man-
lining dlrnelnr, my committed Is unable to understand tbo disclaimer of
all knowledge of anything tlmt occurred previous to Deeembor, lOOR.
"I hog to romlnd you thnt the charg-
!•* mnde rnlate to tho pnrlod subsequent tiriOOT, as well ns boforo tlmt
t ,       .. 4     r.,,r,,,*n,*l   frt-F
n.i to, win. uiwv »««>.««	
^'"idilii!? Unit ibe treMmpnt of tho nn-
tlvo Imllnnfl linn boon In any wny nl-
tion may,* wait" upon _'the directors of
the Peruvian Amazon Company in or-x
der to bring to their notice the nature'
of the? information which they have
received, and^.to urge-upon them the
necessity for .a thorough- enquiry by
the company into, the .truth of the
charges/'. -^v: , "a...
' Even to a person unacquainted with
all the facts-of. the,case,-it would
seem that if the .'directors really had
"no reason to believe that the'atrocities have,- in fact..' taken place" or if
they were really-"under-no .responsibility for them,"' they would have welcomed the. invitation so lucidly and
pointedly set forth in the letter quoted
above. But either the Eugiislv directors were completely, duped'by Arana
and Alarco, or else;' desperate at the
prospect of losing their -blood-stained
profits, they hoped "to "get away with
it" in the same manner as Arana and
Alarco had previously done in Peru.
Be this as it may, however, their reply to .this letter was; under the circumstances, a monument of arrogant
insolence.   It was as follows:
.... "the Board are of opinion that
no useful purpose would be served by
the deputatlon-wblch you suggest. The
Board are taking steps to ensure that
the company's business shall be car-
rleu on,'as I said in my letter, on tlie
best traditions of an English company." .- '
But the'panther of the Putumayo
had made a mistake. Out of his'native jungle, his methods were too
(jrude. He had under-estimated the
resources and perseverance of the
men opposed to him. ' For the Anti-
Slavery and Aborigines Society, seeing that nothing,- apparently, was to
be hoped for from the beneficiaries of
the atrocities, immediately entered into communication with the English
Foreign Office and laid the allegations
before Sir Edward Grey, begging him
to despatch a commission to the Putumayo.
As a result of'this, in July, J 910, a
British Consul, Mr. Roger Casement,
well known for his investigations into
the Congo atrocities, was instructed
to proceed to "The Devil's Paradise,"
his locus standi being secured on the
grounds that a number of British subjects, negroes of Barbados, referred to
In a previous article, had been employed by Arana as slave-drivers. That
Mr. Casement was secured for this
work was due to the endeavor of the
Society. •
By the time of Consul Casement's
departure, the directors of the 'Peruvian Amazon Company had also decided
to send out acommission of their own
to accompany him, being doubtless
forced to do so by the pressure of
public opinion or the representations
of the Foreign Office.   "
Accompanying' the ■ cail for a' strike
of the miners.of Southern'Colorado—
District 15—on September'23 were the
following demands:   - '''■'.   - ,   ..
1.—.Recognition of the union.       '
*> - - '
2.—A 10-.per cent advance iu wages
on the tonnage'rates and'the following
day wage scale, which is practically in,
accord' with the Wyoming "day wage
scale: . (Inside)   miners' (working by
the day),  $3.45;^ Tracklayers,  $3.45;
shot-firers   and  shot -inspectors;" ?4;
machine runners,,, $3.90; ] machine. runners'   helper,   $3,45; * drillers,   $3.75;
drivers, $3.45; inside .engineer, $3.45;'
rope  riders';  $3.45; .greasers   (boys),
$2.05; switch boys and boys coupling
.at partings,  $2.05;   trappers   (boys),
$1.G0;  stable men and barn men, inside, $3.15; inside laborers1, not classified.  $3.30;   pumpmen,  $3.30;' motor-
men, $3.45; motor brakemen and tail-
end riders, $3.30; gas watchmen, $4;-
(oiitside  per month, based upon  an
eight-hour w-ojrk day;  firemen, $3.15;
head blacksmith (in charge of one or
more blacksmiths), $3.90; other blacksmiths,   $3.50;    blacksmith's   helper,
$2.80;   carpenters,  $3.50;   machinists,
$3.-50; machinists' helper, $2.90; teamsters, $2.80; box-car shovelers, $3.05;
electricians (in and around the mine),
$3.50; boiler-makers,-.$4; masons and'
bricklayers ("in and around the mine),
$3.50; slate pickers (boys), $2.05; pipe
men, $3.45; 'miners taken from face,
$3.4-5;   box-car loader,  runner,  $3.30;
night watchmen, (if performing work
for which a scale' Is made), $2.80; outside" labor not classified, $2,65;" greasers (boys), $'2.05;'tipplemen, $2,80.   .
Also a 10 per cent advance on the
wages paid coke oven( workers, and all
other  classes of labor not specified
-3.—An eight-hour work- day for all
classes of labor ln or around, the coal
mines and at coke ovens.      '        ,    ''
''4.—.Pay'for all narrow work and
dead-work, which "includes brushing
timbering, removing falls, handling
Impurities, etc.
5.—'Checkweighmen at all mines, to
be elected by the miners without any
interference by company officials in
said election.
6.—Right to trade in any store we
please, and the right to choose our
own hoarding place and our own doctor.
7.—The enforcement of the Colorado mine laws, and the'abolition of the
notorious and criminal guard system
which has .prevailed in the mining
camps of Colorado for many years.—
The Coal and Coke Operator and Fuel
Magazine.    . ,- „   -
Advertising   Methods'/Adopted  by an'
..f;.       Enterprising House . ..    .".''
.That Fernie is fast, becoming,metropolitan in the -methods of advertising
used by our merchants io call the buying public's, attention to the many
splendid values which ,they are "offering, Also that;the wide-awake firm of
N. E. Suddaby is keeping up with and
just a little'ahead of the times in an
advertising respectvis again practically demonstrated-by what is perhaps'
the most- elaborate -system of advertising ever "attempted by any business
house in this section, namelj: the°giv-
ing away of the beautiful,Uptons-Par--
loraGrand Piano \yhich is now on exhibition at tlieir store. '■.
.This piano retails at $400.00' each,
guaranteed for ten years". The .prln-'
cipal points of superiority of this celebrated Upton piano over any "other of
this,'class of instruments .lie-in the
three strings in unison with overstrung bas§, the -splendidly pitched
scale and true sounding,board which
give the Instrument-that rich, deep,
even tone so much admired.       ■    >
In a recent interview with Mr, N. E.
Suddaby regarding this decided innovation in advertising, Mr, Suddaby
stated: "We have been enjoying the
patronage and confidence of the buyers of this community for some time
now" and by always trying to keep our
stocks'complete:the; saying that.'Ybut'
get its-.at 'Suddaby's' has~ become*' a! -
householdlexpression.-^In giving-away -
this piano-we are-actuated by a'.double ■-.
purpose, to*:show- our.;apprpciati6n of '•'.
the.'patrohage"offour friends during
the"past,.'also td encourage new trade"
aiid to bring-tbe 'many splendid values
.we are no^showing in all lines to'the -
attention"of. every buyer in.this terri-
to'ryvv- The plan we are using hi giving •-
.away, this,' piano is equitable and fair
to all, simply > this, every person buying one" dollar's worth of. anything "iiiA'
our store will receive a; coupon1 good
for. 100 votes. - The person returning
•to us'on Jan. 31,1914, the largest num:"-",
ber of;votes will be'given the piano-'"
absolutely free .of all-,cost.   No favors ;'
will  be shown.-,  Our reputation for-,
'square dealing' assures our customers   -
of that fact."     '    '   ,      ■ *-■      > '    \
This four hundred dollar Upton Par-
lar Grand Piano is surely, a present
worth Having, and'we predict a-very-",
"merry -race"  for  votes  during. the
next few months."   .     .'      "
N. E. Suddaby,is surejy to.be^con-^
gratulated'   upon ■ his ' broad-minded
methods and ''Trade Getter" advertls- ■
Ing system. ■   ,.    "     -''       .
'' Socialism will cure fevers. Science
has demonstrated -that they are duo to
bacteria,..and knows very well how to
"destroy the bacteria. Socialism-In providing a plan .for systematically destroying the fever germs, will cure fe-.
ver before, lt attacks.
Canadian Pacific Railway
r -—"  '■—  ■ ■■ - ■ ■        ' —■■      "~   ' ■ -"f   — '        -
,.•-,' Very low fares in connection with^
Daily Nov. 7th to Dec. 31st inclusive
To  Montreal  and  Quebec   -   $76.10
To St. John   -   $84.10
i    '    Limit five months, stop over and extension privileges.      -
Full information re rail and STEAMSHIP TICKETS from '
R. READING Agent    ■
or write
The Victory
^~ ~^Witl~&e~~Oiirs
Accounts from the Colorado strike
field Indicate victory for the miners in
the near future. ,   ,,
The cream of the organizing staff is
in the strlko field, under the direct
supervision of Vice President Prank J.
Hayes, whose determined, hut courteous and conservative attitude has won
the respect and approbation of the unbiased citizenship of the 'State.
Mother Jones is on tho firing line,
as always; cheering tho women and
Inspiring the men. "Mother," grows
younger every day,
Determination, and recognition of
the needs of her "children" counteract
nnd nullify tho effects of the passing
yenrs. 'Recognizing the cheering effects of her presence ln tho field, the'
"kept press" is already making demands for her deportation,
dlut this tjmo "Mother" Ib going to
bo present at tho finish, and tbo finish
will bo when tho minors of Colorado
havo won for themselves this rights of
froomon: the right to, join one with
tlio othor and with their brothers ln
othor States; tho right to moet with
their employora, and with them determine tho rate of wages and conditions
of employment.
And, to that ond tbey must nnd shall
havo tho loyal support or all the minors ln tho organized fields.
-Plnnnclal Bupport Is bolng offered
from nil tbo organized dlstrlotn and accepted In tbo spirit tlmt It Is tendered.
It may not bo amlBB, horo, to call
attention to the canons why flnnnclnl
iiBBlstnnoo Ib Imperatively noodod by
our striking brother* In Colorado al-
moHt on tbo day tbey came out,
Tbo country around tbe eoal mines
In Bouthorn Colorado, whoro most of
tbo iiiIiioh In tbo Stnto are located, Ib
llttlo hotter than n dosort,
All the IndUBtrloH In tbo llttlo cities
near tbo mines aro directly connected
with and dependent on tba mlnoH.
Tbo men, while wonting, wero ho do-
protisod: wages woro kept to tbo point
of HiiliBlBlonce, Having no chock-
widgbiiion tbey wore riithlQBKly robbod In thoir weights. Tbo company
utorc's/cliargliiR evnrbltnnt -prices eiiH.
Ily neooimled for what little tbo mon
wcru nblo to cant.
And ho, naturally, enough, lt Ib' up
to tlio miners of the organized flolde
to furnish the "hIiiowh of WHf," thnt
tliolr brntlioi'H on tlio firing lino may
not be forced back to slavery by tho
dear tn tbem.
  ,    And, In  furnlnblng funds  for tbo
tered or Improved, up to the present  „tr|klng minors tho men in tho organ-
time.  On the contrary, according ioi\.AtHi new,, nro 0„iy indirectly belplns
the stntemuntB nu\d«, tbo forcible and UiKMnBolvoB.      ,,
f--Mi.nl mntheiU employed rouHtltuto n j    There nrfi imny improvements do-
hired liy miners in 1«e chhma* *hkw»
In tbe provlRtonn of thoir contracts.
And wherever tho demands are
mado the miserable conditiona tlmt ob.
lain In tbo non-union field! nro quoted
by tbo operntorH ns reasons why Bitch
Improved condition! can not bo grant-
The union miner! who wish to ad-
vuiicu ibulr uah conditiona can x\0 bet
Tho ,men, of Colorado'ihave proved
themselves to be union men In every
struggle they have entered Into,
And In this fight tbey'are as unanimous, as determined, as ever.
'They Intend to win, they deserve to
win.- The International and District
officers are with them In this fight;
and behind these are the four hundred
and fifty thousand organized miners
nnd the entire American labor, movement.
Freedom for 'the miners will mean
the emancipation of all the, workers of
Colorado. . .
In Trlnl'tiad, tho brewers aro also on
a strike for recognition of their union,
and tho owners of the breweries give,
aa reason why thoy will not deal with
their employees as union men, tho fact
tbat the coal companies control the
saloon trade In southern Colorado and
forbid tho unionization of the breweries.
ilt Is "Labor's' struggle for freedom,
nnd all of the organized workors of
tho country recognize this fight ae
their fight.—U. M. W. of A. Journal.
R. Dawson Dist. Passenger Agt.
Calgary -        .. - -      .';-..
Stephen T.
Hand;Painted China, Jubilee Enamelware, Kitchen Utensils
■ ' e of all sorts,   for one-week,only        -   ,
Commencing:   Oct.   16th   to   23rd
IUI  Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation In the ?»»•,—   -
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience-
Excellent Culilne.  '
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
iiwoNHJiry Jid)unci oi "..«- »',*.w.. 9,
which tlm rubber J» collected.
"I note from your loiter that your
dlrertor* have no reason to bellovo
that the ntrorltle* reported have. In
fact, taken place. In vlow, however,
of the circumstantial chargo. which
have been mnde and puU.Wml. and of
thn rherortar nnd amount of the evb
,j,»nci' which lm* bwsii adduced nn to
the method! u»ed 4n tbo collt-nlon of j tor eerve to that end than by Aiding
rubber in the territorial of th* fern- u,«. mlrm** who lmvo not yet eecurfld
ninv' my committee wgreu to be nn- ttm right* they enjoy. il
»h l«'to re»t MtlifUd with the ueuernl Kvtdently this fact l» well reeog-
**MJrAn^<'*<1<>^»■^*,n•',, •» >«,ir >l*tpr- nlz<-d. «ind. furthermore, we all nre ob^
Th* rommlttee feel* ll n duty to r«- llgated to aid our fellow worker* who
, im rcqueit IhK* s nmftU d*rp»i»a-  ar« -MmwinK U,r heiwr condltloit* 01
Taking up tbo manifesto Issued by
tho West Virginia Coal Operators' Pro«
toctlvo Association, Issued last week,
and using thrcn columns of a Charleston paper, Qamuol D. Montgomery,
legislative representative for tho
Unltod Mino WorkorB of Amorlca, declares tbe minors will solicit the support of ovory labor organization In the
country and wage war on tho operat<
"Wo have mado this fight until now
Blnglo banded nnd alone, but Blnco tbo
Coal Operators* Protective Association
baa Invltod all capitalist organisation*
to Join with thorn to provont tliolr mon
from Joining the union wo will now
remind nil men who toll, nil mon who
nre prndiicorM, tbat unitwl wo «tnnd,
divided wo fall, and that In union
thoro In Rtrengtb," doclnros Montgomery.
"Wi» will take Immediate stop* to
itecuro tho co-oporntlon of nil labor or-
gnnlzfttloriB and all IntoreBtB friendly
to labor. Whatever tbe result may bo,
tbo Conl Operators' Protective Association will bp held reBpotiBlble,  The
itnni   mtnrtvt*   \t*t\\   Vtinn   wlllii-n   th*»lr
rlKhtn nnd within the inw. They will
ABk for nothing that U not guaranteed
tbem by tbo constitutional and .statutory l»**"» ef tbe land, If force I* nwd
bji tbo gunmen who will come to West
Virginia, lured by tbo glnmor of the
appeal to tbo government of West Vlr-
glnlu nnd to tbe Federal government
through tbo United Btatca district attorney's offlco for protection of tbo
roprotentntlvcB of tbe United Mine
Worken of America In their pursuit
of a lawful olij-^fft In n l.-iwfu? manner.
"Whon tho million-dollar defense
fnnd, fl"d ns murh more nn tnnnnire
will stand, hns been spent Ibe Conl
Operators' Protective Association will
find moro radical* and fewer conservative* lit tbo legislature of West Virginia In tOlfl than ever bofore In the
State's Welo'ry."—Tho Coal and Coke
tai>cutor and Fuel JtaKaxtiic.
A Snap
Two Acres in
$3oo.c»o or
$ 150.
M# A* Kastner
Real Estate and Insurance
Fernie, - B. C#
\V ^*J.V      -,£•"•*
. S-sm  -
v v
■A>r :-•    Established ■ April 1899 ' , /. ,•,.
Wholesale - and- Retail;,  TobCLCCOni.St
Baths and. Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
Great Northern
Train for south leaves Ferine at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for-all,eastern wad southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
ahd Chicago without change.
■  Connection with all lake and Atlantic steara-
. ship lines. '
PHONE 161. ;     BOX 305.
The question is asked.   We
answered: "Look around you ,
arid see.        ''''   \
Investigation.Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advanc-
. log j.
. . .   4   .        .   t
.Are you alive to the situation?  If you are we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit, on.   -
As compared to later on.
Just New, Houses Here   Are
Dirt Cheap.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
' European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
60o. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 por Day
Because thoy are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, thafi why.
Buy them all the tlmo at
Thomson & Morrison
Funeral Directors Fertile* B«
Local Agents
Orders taken throuflrftout the Vfum
Conceive, jr you can, not only the
inconsistency, but the arrogant*insolence of persons whose luxurious expenditures often reach a thousand dollars in a single day, .contending that
the poor are poor merely because they
do not accumulate enough riches "to
put them beyond'the reach of want
out of- incomes of five hundred dollars
or less a year. Must the salvation of
the poor from their poverty begin 'at
the garbage^can and the rag'bag?' '
A popular'philanthropic pastime of
the day is figuring out six-cent meals,
on paper—for other people. - If there
is not soup enough to go around, add
a little more water—and'work harder.
If there are any batter-cakes left over,
put them'away in moth balls for another season; they may shrink a little
but tliey will fill,,almost as great a
void under the waist-band next winter.
Add' a.,little more fringe to the bottom's of father's trousers and, presto,
you hae a neat pair of lambrequins
for the air-shaft window. If you cannot ride in an automobile, you can
stand on the curb, smell tho gasoline,
and consider what you save in tire
punctures and valve grease. Be glad
that you.are living. Rejoice that you
are permitted to live.
Let any business man, or any farmer, or any manufacturer ask himseir,
as an' immediate, practical question,
What would be the effect upon his Interests if greater- economies were
practised by, the masses of poor?
Not many years ago several million
good people believed that we had been
ruthlessly hurled into the throes of a
period of "hard times" because the
then dominant political party had reduced the average of our tariff duties
from forty-seven per cent, to about
forty per cent. ■ Since our foreign business' represents only about five per
cent, of our total business, if a difference of seven per cent: in the tariffs
affecting five per -cent.„of our business
could bring on a period of pronounced
distress, what would happen if any
considerable portion-.of our business
were to be lopped off by the general
adoption of an ultra-rigid economy?
By way of illustration, suppose that
by further ^crimp'ing. and extended
penury the masses of consumers
should reduce their purchases, their
consumption of produce and of manu.
factured good's by even as much as
twenty or thirty per cent. -Measure,
if you can, what the' effect of this
would be. The stagnation of business,
the collapse of even reasonable,*, markets for farm products, the disemploy-
ment of the masses who now depend
upon'the will of otliers for the enjoyment of the natural.right to labor and
to. produce and to consume, would
mean a.cata'cylsm, an era of -distress,
of suffering, of riot and bloodshed and
destruction such as would find no
parallel in the history of the civilised.
Winning a  World
By Eugene V. Debs
(Extract from one of his famous
-The productive mechanism of modern'industry, vast, complex, marvelous
beyond expression, spurns the impotent touch of the individual hand, but
leaps as if in joy to the task, when
caressed by' the myriad-fingered, collective son of modern toil.
•The'mute message of the machine!
. :Could but the worker understand,
and would he but heed it!
Child of his brain, the machine-has
come to free, and not to enslave; -to
save, and not to destroy the author of,
Its being.
Potent and imperious as the command of the'.industrial Jehovah, the
machine' compels the grand army of
toil to'rally to its standard, to recognize its powers, to surrender body-
breaking aud soul destroying tasks, to
join hands in sacred fellowship, to
sub-divide labor, to equalize burdens,
to demand joy and leisure for all, ami;
emancipated from the fetters of the
flesh, to rise to the'sublimest heights
of intellectual, moral and spiritual exaltation.
To realize'this great ideal is a work
of education and organization.
" The working class must be aroused.
They must be made to hear the
trumpet call o£ solidarity.
Economic and political solidarity!
One great,' all-embracing industrial
union, and one great all-embracing
political party, and both revolutionary
to the core—two hearts with but a single soul!
The modern tool of production must
belong to those who make use of it—
whose freedom,' yet, whose very life
depends upon lt.
<A hundred years ago the collective
ownership of the individual tool would
have been absurd; today the private
ownership of the collective tool is a
crimS, ^
' This crime is at' the' bottom of every
other that disfigures society, and from
its sub-cellars -exude the festering
stenches of our sweat-shop,, civilization.
^Educate the working class!
Spread .Socialist magazines, papers,
books, pamphlets, tracts and leaflets
among the people!   ♦'
The middle class see their doom in
capitalism and must turn to Socialism,
Tho handwriting is on the billboards
of the universe.'
Th'e worst in Socialism will be better than the best iu capitalism.
The historic mission of capitalism
has been to exploit the forces of nature, place them at the service of man,
augmenting his productive capacity a
thousand fold, lo turn, as of by magic,
the shallow, sluggish streams - into
rushing, roaring Niagaras of wealth
—leaving to the tollers who produce
it but greater poverty, insecurity and
anguish than before.
The mission of Socialism is to release these imprisoned productive
forces from the Vandal trusts that
have seized them, that they may be
operated, not spasmodically and in the
interest of a favored class, as-at pres-
'ent; but freely and in the common interest of all.
Then the world—the world the Socialist movement is to win from capitalism, will be filled with wealth for
all to have*and to enjoy in its abundance.
'When enough have become Socialists—and each day is augmenting the
number and making them more
staunch, and resolute—they will sweep
the country on the only vital issue
before the people.
A new power will come into control.
Por the first time in all-history
MAN at last' will be' FREE.
waive recognition, but to withdraw
from this district, and to give up their
attempts to organize the same, there
would be no trouble whatever in settling the strike, and- no arbitration
would be necessary for the reason that
in such case we would have no difficulty in coming to an entirely amicable arrangement with our men. An
honest aud thorough investigation of
conditions will justify the mine" managers in their position."
The Times holds no brief for the
Western Federation of Miners.- .   '•
ll does recognize the privilege of
any miner to do as he sees fit—to'join
any organization or not to join any
organization, according.to his pleasure.
The Times further recognizes 'tlio
ability of a miner to judge of whether
he and his family'are properly clothed
and fed and whether the returns from
his labor aro sufficient to permit him
to put a few dollars by for his old age.
The fact that the copper miners are
on strike indicates to us that conditions are not satisfactory and that belter conditions are demanded.
Men, as a rule, aren't in the habit
of giving up good jobs.,.
Men In good jobs, satisfied with
their, pay and hours and surroundings,
cents in addition to the shame" of send"
ing troops at first call from the mine
owners? ,
■ The people of Michigan are entitled
to know the inside of this affair, and
are competent to sit in judgment.
The miners are willing to be jddged.
The mine owners are afraid of the
The situation is all in favor of the
miners.—Detroit Times.
Bar supplied with   the   best AVines,
Liquors ami Cigiir-s
are seldom- bothered by the organiza- I? n *• m      T   i-fo.
tion leaders. rdLllI      LUC
and   Health
Protect us! We
This was proven in Highland Park
when the Industrial Workers of the
World appeared at the Ford plant in
an attempt to stir up discontent, but
had to withdraw when they found the
employees there satisfied.
The L W. W. agitators dropped the
Ford plant as if it had been a hot coal.
The Western Federation of Minors
would have stood no, more chance of healthy,
gaining a foothold in the copper district than the J. W. W. agitators did at
the Ford plant, were, the^workers in
this district as satisfied with their lot.
Conditions of pay and conditions cf
hours existing In the copper jdlstrl"t
invited the federation to the cooper
district, and it is for tho miners, and
not for the State of (Michigan, to say
whether, the, federation shall remain
or whether the miners shall join the
federation it they choose.
Many farmers never send for a docr
tor from ono year's end to another.
But this is not a sure indication that
they and their - families axe perfectly
You—for instance—may not have had
the doctor for yearp. Yet it Is safe to
say that you DON'T always feel tit
and well. Many days in the year you
don't feel like working. You may not
havo to stay Sn .bed-but you DON'T
feel just "right."    -
That miserable .feeling is "usually
caused by Indigestion, Dyspepsia, or
Will not Arbitrate
were tho FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
worfd""The Immediate adoption In full
of the most radical or even unwise
system In government would invite no
state to'.compare with it *
And' yet, gentlemen of the Rockefeller type, gentlemen whose Incomprehensible fortunes have been neither
earned, nor accumulated by economies, gentlemen to whom" some would
attribute superior wisdom, lay stress
upon tlie sort of rigid economy they
prescribe as a wise social courne aB
the means by. which the poor may become rich. And the lack of economy
t9 designated as the reason for the
poverty of the poor. Air. Rockefeller
himself, when asked recently by a
young woman how..lt.came about'that
lie possessed so much while her train
oil, valuable, ' professional work
brought her a beggarly fifty dollars a
month—ivlno months In the yonr—ad
vised economy, rigid economy. "Snvo
yonr pennies; save your pennies,"
said ho promptly.
Mr. Rockefeller ia reputed to bo' the
iOHsessor of the equivalent of a billion
dollars. Lot ub suppose thnt ho le
worth half tlmt«mount. If our worthy school-touching young woman
woro to nourlRh horself on sen fog nnd
clotho herself ln blushes and save all
the ponnlott she would roeolvo for
teaching, for n million yenrs she would
by'that tlmo bo only a trifle of fifty
millions of dollars) behind (he present
Rockofollor fortune, which grows without effort ou tho pnrt of Ita possessor
bo rnphlly Hint ho doom not know what
to do with tho lucroaBO. Nor could
she rolax tn tho economies nor reduce
tho porlod of sorvlco for tho goal set,
linloBfl—nil, horo wo soo ono corn or of
tlio trick—iinloKS uhu Ih ablo to uno
hor savings to flctpilro somo unjust
nnd unnatural privilege In tho private
monopolization of some natural opportunity by which she could exploit tlio
rest of society, thoso members of tt
who luboi' productively.
It requires some llttlo effort to remain patient undor this economy advice,
No ono cnn rntlonnlly npprove hoed-
loss oxtrnviiKiuieii; no UiIiik mnn or
woimiii (loos, And 11. Ih doubtless tno
tlmt tho poor nml tlio'relatively poor
nro led by tlio oxnmpln of tho profII-
Knt« rich lulo petly. hIii.v extravagant'-
os, Into tho artificial illsregnrd of cost,
tho Imitative heedlessness of espouse,
tho trolling after Idiotic styles, stylet*
purposely rlggod, set and 'advertised',
na HiniroH of commerce for tlio
thoughtless, Uio waste of substance
upon tho InconsoQuontlnl or evontho
""Iv'.t'.'..'.      IV.ll.   '.'in   i/l'w.>vi«(<<t<wu..Jt>t   i««
n1r«itlf>i4 nnd 'the fiubntnntlnllHe?, nml
tho comforts of Hfo for the poor nnd
the prescription of Intomporato so-ciil].
ed economy are arrogant, cruel vapid*
(ties whon considered as cures for tho
Inequalities In tho enjoyment of the
tifcuiiiuj ifcoou ltuiiBS ot temporal ex-
istef co and as aids to tho mora natural and Jiut distribution of them,
' 'The copper mine owners—those generous genta to the north of us who
have got rich, out of the earth thai
God Almighty put here for all of'us.;
those generous gents- who have got
rich by impoverishing others, have
named a 'condition upon which they
believe •peace between the owners and
the miners may be restored.
Jt must be the only condition upon
which peace may be brought about^
th'fway^thTowners look at"lt~,*tob, for
it is the only one they, have named.
They have suggested to State .Railway Commissioner^ Hemams that all
that Is' necessary to clear up the trouble is for the men to give up their
idea of organizing into, a union.
The condition named practically is,
that the state of Michigan deny to the
miners the right to organize.
Troops haven't been called for yet
in compliance with the request of the
owners. '
Writing to Commissioner, Hemaris,
Calumet and Hecla, said:
"I suggested to Mr.'Dftrrow, that. If
he would advise the leaders and1 organizers of the federation not only to
The reply of the State of Michigan
to the mine owners, as a comeback to
their absurd proposition, should be a
demand that they come in and arbitrate their differences with tbe men.
The miners" have stood ready to arbitrate since the beginning of the
trouble.; ..... •    -
The mine owners have refused to
arbitrate since the' beginning of the
trouble.   '
■Why is this the position of the own
ers if the single issue is recognition of
organized labor?        ' '
Why is this tho position of the owners if conditions for the workers are
ideal, and if the workers are content-
ed~to"continue,^u"nbrlanizedr as"tlle
Who hath his quarrel just In this
dispute that has already cost the people ot Michigan dearly.iu dollars and
You would welcome relief' if you
could get It—wouldn't you? Well, you
can get .relief—any time you need it —
quick and positive relief. Take 15 drops
of Mother 'Seigel's Curative Syrup —*.
the great tEnglish remedy for ALL
stomach disorders. It will set your
stomaoh UIGHT and KEEP it right.
It's almost purely herbal—Nature's own'
remedy for sick stomachs. It has been
used ln England for ovor 40 yefcrs.
There it is the Standard remedy for
weak digestions.
Get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup.
Take lit regularly. Then -note the Improvement In your .health.
Price. \\M.   Trial slze,_60c.„
For sale by
FERNIE, M. C.   :
Grand Theatre,
one night only Thursday, Oct. 16
A Nayo Bra.dfield offers the Great Hoyt Theatre Comedy
The worker Is punished with pojer-
ty. .'Aiwf poverty brtnga failure, III
health an* mliory. How mnny lost
Mill* nrt* rh*rtfi*nhli* td eoptUiJtom
which KBSumcs the employment of the
people and falls In Its implied contact!
SMotib Gun
•uttKiv •Twt eouowt, eimtt coiot,
Prlcest   /Se, $1.00 «e $1.50 11 PLAN   AT   SUDDABYS
i c-*, W
-11^ *      I44,l\m "'/
-y .-,:-'.     ,-.   ?-s,r--,.-    >, .'■ "     -•'■.,  -,;   ; ,: .-'.,,-v -   _- - X\\.SS   X-. X^A   . y'■■ SA". rA:- ■ •■'~'*\';\A*~ST' ,?A.\
-  -  -;"> i.
•   1
^Ijje Sisfmi £tb$&
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. G. Subscription $l|OGf
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger,
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
.'-, -ft
f    *^
Six hours?   Yes, andfour!   Why not?
Imagine, if you can, any person with the courage
to advocate a six hour day for thc worker ten or
fifteen years ago. True, this has heen quite fashionable for those strenuously worked slaves of government departments—thc British War Office especially, at one time. It has been remarked of this
time-honored institution that some of the ancient
and "crusted" officials arrived at 11.45 a.m., lunched at 12 noon and retired to their club at 1 p.m.
While we cannot vouch for this, we certainly dc
know that a "fair, day's work" among this favored
class consisted of about four hours' work (with
lunch interval of two hours), 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. This
being the case, we do not claim labor to be the pioneer of the movement. It, is well within our recollection the time store clerks worked all hours, and
only retired when they had "beat the late customers to it." To have suggested to these dignified
gentry that they were slaves would have- brought
forth not only indignant denial but an assertion
that thc members of their "profession,'-' by being
permitted to wait upon the gentlefolk (!) attained
such dignity that it did not permit of their association with "agitators or anarchists." Now, true,
there' may be those who today regard the labor
, movement from this angle, and even if their masters were willing to close early and told them so, so
great is their love for servitude and so great their
dread of being associated with "agitators" (most
' of them, however, have discovered the difference
between labor'unions and anarchy, • which should
not leave us without hope), that they have refused
to acceptsame!, ■_
At present we have thc mine workers working
underground eight hours, on the "surface ten to
twelve. If it was a six hour shift the companies
would be called upon 'to do two things: Grant an
increase in wages and employ more men or—mark
well—employ more machinery.' Now arises thc
question: Would tlie introduction of more modern
machinery compensate the operators for this increase in wages and reduction of hours? This is a
question that the master class have to decide for
themselves and one that in no wise concerns labor.
We regard the machine as belonging to the
genius of labor and not capital." Our standard of wages today is governed by "how
much it costs tlio worker lo live and drag up Ins
family." Now, to work .six hours a dny wc should
havo to live. Remember, they will always gratuitously permit this—not for your «ako but for their
own ! Now a certain porcontago lias to bc allowed
for depreciation on tho machinery nnd plant, owing
lo the fact lhat this costs money, and does not
travel around hunting for an owner." You will understand that it iH not necessary lo make any allowance for depreciation in your case, nnd if there
is lo be a sinking fund thnn you should bo blessed
with the ^irtut. of frugality to permit you to accumulate same.
Now it is logical to presume that living being
necessary if we work Hix hours a day, it
must also be noccssary if we nre to work ono or
two hours ii day. Tho caso in a nutshell is thiHi'
A distribution of wenltli must be preceded by a
DISTRIBUTION OF LABOR—not a dtotribulinn
of the means of exploitation. Trade unionists recognize that they will gain nothing only by
ngitating nml intelligently kicking. Their logical
aiiHwer to tho introduction of tho machine and overproduction is reduction of hours, Undoi-slnnd this
distinctly: It cannot he permanent and for the
•simple reason thnt Iho development of mnchinoiy
is going on nlwayH; there ih no fluidity to the kick
lug nf Ihe producer. The mnsler ritwm can gnml
nothing <w'j' wlmt wo compel thorn to give mi'l wo
cannot let np for one moment. Tt hns beon remark-
pi] that wo Hhould wait until wo have secured nn
all round eight hour day.; This is really too absurd
to be taken seriously, and it would be just as asinine   to   suggest   that   we  alU, adopt   a   lower
standard of living until our less fortunate brethren
:have.attained same. There is not the slightest doubt
that many of us. or our children^ will be enjoying a
four; hour day before some trades liave succeeded in
securing an eight hour day.  Under the present system overproduction in some trades will always be
more acute than in others, to suggest otherwise
would be foolish.   Another, point often raised by
•those who mil. not concede that a reduction of
hours is an'answer to increased production, is that
the worker produces as much today in four hours
as he did in eight, twenty years ago.   Granted, but
there is, as far as we can see", an irreducible minimum and when this is reached then, and then only,
will'the workers receive the full product of his toil,
and the exploitation of labor cease.   How long it
will take to reach that minimum none can say, but
if we are to judge by the present universal discontent this will be -accomplished much more rapidly
than most of us imagine. Louder and Louder grows
the murmur of discontent; first from one country
and then from another, but never resting.-  Each
year the murmur grows louder—you cannot stifle
it; imprisoned and persecuted; clubbed and shot
down! Nothing avails-! Capital threatens and then
submits.   Minimum wage scales are arranged and
contracts signed.   Does it end?   Take your daily
paper and read; you will find the answer in every
.scare head line—the relentless nemesis that threatens those who exploit the producer. , '
communication: \ It must be patent to
every/fair-minded'aa'd unbiased indi-
Yidual.that' the^posltion of secretary
of.' Football .League is no sinecure.
.W-hatever.attitud.es'he may adopt he is
bound, to displease a, certain portion
of the football community. \Ye regret
that every year" there should be a
repetition. of this bickering and quarrelling between the clubs in the,Pass;
certainly this does not add to the -tone
of -sport or.good feeling that should
prevail,, and . when a correspondent
sees fit to make a personal attack and
cast odium • upon officials of the
League then, in the interests ,df all
concerned,'- we think' it is incumbent
upon' us to refuse.any more communications in connection with the above.
■Ed.'   ,•''„.
New&jof the District Qdmps
% •:, ;; (Continuedfrom Page 5) \*a
Lethbridge Notes Continued .--' '
iip house this week at Hardlevllie.
iMrs. J.- 'Hamilton arid daughter arrived from Glasgow, Scotland,-last
Friday morning to join Mr. Hamilton,
who is pump doctor in No. 3.mine.
- Charlie Jacakuilis was. taken ^hospital .Monday cf this week suffering
from typhoid.\ The malady seems to
be quite prevalent amongst grown people at.present. ~;* .,,
The citizens of Fernie will be called upon next
Thursday, the 16th inst.,.to decide whether the proposed packing plant shall become an accomplished
fact or not.   While we do not claim allegiance with
No notes appeared in the last week
issue of the Ledger for the simple reason that there was no local" union
• Why ■ this apathy and indifference
amongst Gladstone Local Union members? Has the Union lost its power
of appeal to the Intelligent members
amongst Its membership? Are there
no grievances between the Coal Com-
The mines here at Passburg are still
running fairly well and should the
Coal Company' secure the contracts
that are in view there will soon be
the old cry of working too steady. It
seems that the^only prosperity that
the worker looks for Is lots of work
and no rest, which is surely snore essential to the health of all concerned,
seeing that the majority admit that In
order to prosper you must work
steady. (Why yell?).
Bill Rowsley, from Bellevue, was a
pany and their„employees?   Judging I visitor here to Passburg last Sunday
the ".ayes'
or "nos,"
we-think it only fair that the
true facts of the case be laid before our readers.
Mr, Frankel, who has carried on business for some
years at Pincher Creek, is compelled, owing to certain legislation recently enacted, to ship all meat
from Pincher Creek to Calgary to be inspected in
the latter town. This, as will readily be seen, is a
very severe handicap to a small concern and the
increased freight prevents him from entering into
competition with, the powerful combinations of the
packing industry. Hence, he is desirous of .locating
in a town where he will be able to pack meat and
find a market for his product.
Some months ago he came to Fernie,and endeavored to get a site for his plant and it was his intention, so ^ye understand, to occupy land near the
brewery. Arrangements were made with the latter
company to supply light, power and water, but the
-ownewj-nf -t,hp_proDortv—refusecLtouell.   Several
by the sparslty of attendance at the
local meeting, one could Imagine Lever, of Port Sunlight lame, becoming
envious of the harmony prevailing between the employer; and enployee at
Coal Creek.
It is at such times as these, when
man's faith ln the collective action for
mutual benefits is at a low ebb, that
the employer, slezes. the opportunity
and steals the privileges that have
been hardly won in times past. The
question is often asiced at the local
meetings and elsewhere: Will the Union support me If I. refuse to work In
such a place or under such conditions? The answer in the affirmative
Is often of an unsatisfactory nature.
The questioner returns to work broken in spirit, more abject than ever.
Fear of losing his job clutches his
heart and paralyzes all Intelligent action. These are days of darkness, fear
and mistrust,. but it is the darkness
that precedes the immediate dawn.
An appeal was read from the B. -C.
Federationlst for funds to assist the
striking miners at/the Coast; The circular pointed out the evils consequent
upon such a prolonged struggle. .Women and little kids were in dire need
of clothes and boots, necessities that
were not adequately' provided for by
the.funds of the U. M. W. of A., ;We
trust'that the various unions in the
district will respond to the appeal, for
it is an opportunity to test the solidarity of our class. v„
other sites were suggested and viewed, but again it
was a question of the owners refusing to sell, and in
most cases the owner was the,Coal Company. Cranbrook was approached by Mr. Frankel -and were
only too willing to give "the earth"-to get an industry of any kind in their midst, and the city authorities of Fernie, when they saw thc condition of
affairs, decided to make every effort to get Mr.
Frankel located. A government block (44) to thc
Northwest of the town was eventually selected and
purchased from the government. Now this block,
being government property nnd unoccupied^ may
have remained vacant for many years awaiting a
tenant and the fact that the city wjjjl be earning a
certain amount of revenue by supplying plant with
light and power, to sny nothing of the benefits to
be derived from a possible cut in the price of meat,
hns induced the council to grant certain concessions.' True, we find upon analysis that this does
not nmount to a great deal but there is not the
slightest doubt thnt a little competition may some-
times secure for the workors a reduction iii the cost
of living, that being tho case wo aro inclined to favor the project.
Mr." Frankel hns received numerous wires from
Cranbrook asking him to nccept tho land and water
froo! Now, it is reasonable to presume thnt what
is good for Cranbrook should, bo equally good for
Fornio, nnd such being tho caso wo fail to under-
stnnd why pooplo of this town should havo discov-
erod anything objectionable Provided always that
tho city will do thoir part and insist upon the own-
cr observing the rules and regulations ns laid down
by the Moilicnl Health Officer, If they do this
there should be no trouble; if they fail to do this
tli a IikhI industrial concern will bocomo a nuisnnoo,
rt is passing strango thnt those who voice
the puerile objection thnt the atmosphere will
bo polluted nml tlio scenic effect of tho north-
west end of the town destroyed, have never
disenvorod how objectionable the sinoko nnd
fumes from the bco-liivo eoke ovons nro, nor tho in*
dcserihnblo stench that nrosc in the summer mouths
from tho open toilet ndjncont to Iho shack on Block
The next order of business was the
payment of yardago at the mines.
There are various modes of payment
prevailing at the present time. Some
are :belng paid by the lineal yard per
delm; some-by^ the number of timbers set, whilst payment per ton of
coal produced is.the most rational and
equitable one. The members present
at the meeting were unanimously ln
favor of the latter. An agreement
should be entered into between the
Coal Company, and the employees
agreeing to the .method of payment to
be practised at all mines alike, thus
avoiding much dissatisfaction.   .
Tho etemnl wash house question
camo iip for discussion, and also the
heating of same. It was said that the
floor was in a bad state and needed
Immediate repair. Nails bobbed up
hero nnd thore, causing an unpleasant
pathway for bar© feet. The floor
boards having rotted nnd gaping holes
awaited the unsuspecting and nudo
traveller. Tho heat is inadequate ln
tho extensive building, clothes and
towols aro ln an' undrled stato for the
following shift. It gives ono a most
unpleasant sensation to put on a damp
shirt, especially so when ono Is In bad
It Is with pleasure that I record the
fact that tho Minors' Hall In now receiving a splondld,coat of calsomlutng.
Tlio recreation rooms undor tho now
management *nro now becoming a iplnce
of life and Interest onco moro, The
intention of Mr. Dawson Ib to provldo
clean, healthy enjoyment ln wOll-von-
tllatod and attractive, rooms. May lib
succeod In his offort to pIoaHo and en-
Grand Opera
•hit? nun
HtUif. uui
Coleman. Altn., Oct. »o,
To lh* Hdltor, District Ledger.
Allow mo io replv through
paper   to   tlio   secrntnry
y f*'i tun*'
<■■ N. I».
iMtcr which noii^nrcil lu tho
District Lodgur of Oct. 1th. nnd nlso n
few comment* on tlie fttlior lottors ro
Mutz Cup final. The League secretary
onks tno what J would havo dono when
Coul Creek notified him that thoy.
wero not golntAo Ulalrmoro on Bopt
"Mh fix nr-lnrcrt hy Leagtio Executive.
I would hav** dont what he did when
Pub-min phoned him nhout not going
to plnv HUl< rr-rt in the t\ti»\ round ot
Crahnn Cup final, numoly, that Col*-
nan oould ple**« ihera«*tm, b«t "
they didn't go hnd play Hlllowtt o«
tho date fixed they wonld !©•• th» tw,
Kow, Mr. Secttiury, lint that •*•*"
II icitatnly ta <in«j- *h*n *t**-*ltlftK to
Column, and tf It li «**> when »pea*«
t*K to Cotamnn, «hou!dn'f, It ho Jtwt ttt
of final and It In plnyod there to n
finish. Tlio same In mnny Instanced
linppenn in Enitlnnd and Ireland. Conl
Cn>olf, T notico, hnve ffnt, their Influential frlonds to tako up their cause nnd
il.   i.        n..   »„   *, 1,114tnli  !«   Mir.  r'*lyt**t*r*
It nm-nmiU to thlm Tin* Vhitr, Cup wan
ttlven hy a Hrltlsh Columhia concern
and it you Alberta folki, or rather
dub*, don't do what Xhtt, I*. C. boj*
want you lo do, well, you won't «ot.
playing at all.
I've )ti«i tici'ii iii1cinm*n turn ine
I/eoRiie Executive hnvo performed
thnt "Caesnr stunt" to tho dollnht of
Coal CreeWtei, In turning themselves
down nnd ordering the Mnt* Cup final
to ho plnyod on Saturday. Oct. 11th.
'nt Michel Who snid the LeaRtio Bi-
ecutlvo worn not. "liood 'V-ernittam'"!
A word io (toicman: On In and win
iand ntttti **»A»on *«'U lut thum »*■*.
mW» who.
Yourt, etr.,
(Signed)   8P0UT FOLLOWER.
pany when speaking to Coal Creek?
The Longuo Hoerelnry, as ho na>'»» In
Ills loiter, Ih out lo plenso tlio major-
Uy. not Ihe fow. Tli'uL oxplnlns why
tho Hi-crfttnry found It bo easy to die-
(.Bit! 1U * t-HI-IIUUI, UU*. tttt *. Uf* *■ .1*.	
tiie jjiiOtult;' they ^nve \r* V" plenpod
nnd Mr". Berretftry l« out tn please! the
majority, What havo mnjorltlon got
to do with a football league In dealiiiK
fair with all Its tnorohers? Knlr piny
In foothnlt Is: That all fl"1"*. Influen-
tl«l or o1hr*ni'lt»o, loririniK » ii'iimit-, nr
othor body, hnvo tho same rights and
all nro entitled to the snmo privileges.
Tho I«oft«uo secretary says: That the
majority have tn ho pleased; In othor
words, Conl Crook havlnw; tho majority as well as being tho most Influent
tin! havo to bo pleased. 1 ropy the
following from Coal Creek Foolhnll
Club treasurer's IbIUt to I-^-hkiim *,***.-
retsry: "In tho im-antlmc we will go
on with Cttbsn Cup competition snd
wslt tho d«lsk>n of the ExenitWe re
the Mots Cult final." Mr. league ser-
rMMy, Its'* th«* reVS-fp yewr tsrti+n
from Ctm) CwV? I wonld refer Cosl U If 10 b« regretted thst th« eom*
CreekMei to final Me* played In Scot-1 poud-Mit thflmM mt* x**-rm\\ttA |y*r-
Isnd,  T»i« sssoelstlon Mx<mi th(» vm«# «MMl - tatlM-ftUm* to ent«r Into Ms
House, Thursday,
Tho scono of tho story Is laid In
HoHton. whoro Henjamln nnchelor, a
widower, introduces his socond conjugal pnrtnor ns tho prospective gov-
ernes* of his-two grown daughters,
thoso bolng undor tho Jurisdiction ot
his slstor, Mlnorva naeholor, who Is
nlso kept In Ignorance of tho nlllnnco,
Minerva, obviously Intent on discharging tho dutlov of moral gunrdlan
to hor brother, Insists on Juno Ar-
buckle, tho now govornoss, marrying
Dr. Schwnrtit, who nurses a secret sorrow of his own and hns nn special doslro for the nlllnnco. Tho courtship
provokes much mirth, which Is not diminished by tho "peculiar and awTt-
wnrd situation of tlio hiisbnnd* whh
wltnessos thn frivolities.  Looming nt
^..i-wM.   ll.itt   Htr. tr,/!.! tt*^tttt •**?,» ttttl, 9)  X***t*
hand, Mtnnrva nwmm.es thn sMMmpos-
ed task of locating him, And Is misdirect oil, tint to ono and thon to another, and *o on until she gfrcs tip the
task In a fit of feminine daspalr.
Unnblo. to find hor Qtiarry, Minerva
V i'i'..'.B*tX.'i,Illl,1-fl   iSutH   IttUJ   4ti>  *M   »'*•*   Vb.'
gagement with .Benjamin, snd tho Utter, whilo speaking truthfully, successfully misleads tho busybody.
llenjsmln .maintains s Mber dignity
nnd seems In no wny nonplussed, even
though on occasion on tha verge of A
-j'.luAtloa -which would neccjattatc. a
full disclosure, bnt nnslly he I*
cuiRlit In a compromising poi!?fon,
snd as his daughters tako their tare-
well, to be relieved of tbo attending
disgrace ho becomes humorous In the
*Tbe play throughout U well presented, full of comic splsodes snd humor wMh the he**A p*rt* t*ittiiUy t»k-
•«.—Moot* Jaw .Morning Naws.
and says that if what the boys report
be true, with regards to'the thermometer going down tb 50 below zero,1 it
will .be plenty cold for him.
, The mines at Burmis have again reopened, and are now working, full
blast. '        .
Quite a number of new hands are
to be seen at the mine here these days,
so the Coal Company must be figuring
on an increased output in the near 'future.
The Passburg Male Voice Choir is
digging, into their work 'preparatory
for their concert, which is tb be held
the1 end of this month or next, and contemplate making a success of it. The
concert,will be held at the Presbyterian Church. Possibly the "Observer"
will be in a better position to etate
the date of same in the near future.
Duck and chicken shooting having
set. In*, it brings many, a sport out of
bed early In the morning ln order to
catch early opportunities. > Last Sat-,
urday morning one of our sports' here
took a ramble ovor to the Red-fern
Lake in quest of duck and on arriving
there espied a couple of fine ducks on
Uie Lake and bingo! he gets'one and
with the report of his gun out -pops a
nice rabbit, and he was Pfortunate
enough to get that also. .With' the.last
report'of the.gUn out comes Mr? Red-
fern who owns the place, and Informs
the nlmrod that unless he pays for his
tame duck and rabbit something would
happen, so to avoid trouble he paid the
appears to have its disadvantages.
Mr. Duncan Woodward and friends
Journeyed ln the automobile down to
the prairie and indulged In a day's
sport amohg the chicken. They' report that the birds are plentiful and
obtained a fine bag. They enjoyed a
flno day's sport. -.\
Quite a number of the boys trom
Passburg were visitors to Burmis last
Sunday and we're tho guests of Mr.
and Mrs. Kubek, The occasion was a
grand christening celebration. There
was nothing to prevent the boys from
having a good tlmo, seeing that there
was all kinds of eatables and refreshments, so they just did tlie only thing
there wns to do and declare she was a
It Is reported that Miss Dennis ls
sovcrlng her connection with tho day
school horo at Passburg In the nonr
futuro. The position will probably bo
taken up by Miss 'Bell, sifter of Dr.
Tho .Burmis Colliery lias started up
In full swim? again nnd tho management snys It's going to swing steady
up lo noxt spring without a hitch.
Tho stork has boen visiting again
nt Burmis, tho homo ot Mr, David
Hall. 'Mother nnd son nro doing fine,
"Lot 'em nil como," says Dave.
Tho old hands who loft tho Davon-
port Conl Company during tho slack
tlmo aro seen coming back dally.
"Nothing llko a homo," say tho old'
Tho funoral of Mrs, J. Kubok'B Infant son, ngod two wooks, took placo
last Tuesday at tho Passburg como-
tory, Tho Rev. Father Demeors, Catholic prlost, offlolatod.
A, J, Carter, Secretary-Treasurer of
DlBtrlct 18, U. M. W. of A„ wob In tho
city on Thursday on business In connection with tho affairs of tho organisation, Ho loft Friday nftornoon for
headquarters, Fornlo, B. C.
Last Friday ovonlng wo woro accommodated with ix beautiful snowstorm which lasted about thlrty-slx.
hours. Tho farmer claims nothing
hotter could hnvo happonod, but tho
belles of Pnssburg nro against It. Walt
until It renelios 40 b. z. and than throw
up your heels.
Miss Jessie Dun cnn and Miss Allro
Mnryanclk, of tho Pnssburg Hotol,
worn In nttondanco nt tho bunk dnnco
Rntunlny evening. The boys nt tho
Pollen Flnts gave an Invitation to everybody to Join In tho smoker ns woll
ns tho danco.
All tho people scorn to bo taking n
vory Interesting part In dnnclng now.
nr-lnvf.       tftfi   rp    },nt*   1ts*t   t**'t*,   *i*i*r,Xttt*
sleop over th* shuffllnr of the feet already. Tho strange pnrt ot lt Is, how-
"ver. they will not appreciate an In-
Nation to tx prlTalc Wmh for a fcir
Iioutb' entertainment, Tlio othor day
iho "Observer" wan requestor to ox-
,U I,, u.     .I***-     *... 1 b**-,-...^-.*.      .!,»      t H'ti     ,t'l.|4W.^      --1.'--*
men nnd with the usunl courtesy the
Invitation was presented. In return
received a comnllmentary "N'o; It Is
loo far." etc. When you havo a dance
and  smoker  nt home   (three  miles
J wny) everybody soems to enjoy
toughing throumh thc enow, whether
the entertainment Is held In « farmer'", h/irn nrln fl mlneri' hunlf hfinnn
"Life Is short," say the boys; but let's
have tho bett of what Is In life while
we Are here.
The Psssbnrg boys sre sll Aware of
the sltltude of the "Observer's" ob<
setTstory. sliotted »s tt Is la th* moet
fcWtlfcUd ll,X\*l U>l.i**t»lLUOUit sitol lu out
burr, there Is little Indeed thst «»
capes his-attention, and whilst.observing the other day a conversation was
overheard- between-two members-of
the opposite sex, the gist of which was
as follows: The gentleman had on various-occasions been in-the habit,, of
visiting\the young,lady's parents,at
home, but on the occasion in question
his fiancee arrived before him and the
door was ■ closed,', -The individual, of
the masculine' gender gained admission, but to his, sorrow.   He was informed by the young lady, however,
that should he continue to visltk her
home then-she would refuse to enter
the paternal roof. Further-that she intended telling her pa all about it, However, the "Observer!" understands that
Pa is not conversant with the English
tongue.    -After  receiving a  deal  ot
abuse, the gentleman ln question, feeling faint, took a seat.   It, transpired,
however, that the lady meant nothing
more serious than to show her papa
who was going to be boss ln the new
home,- and eventually, lapsing into her
mother tongue informed her papa "yr
ywf yn.   Mynd allan drwy drws araw
chaf a ddln gwy bod.    Dim nawr."
Having got this off her chest she disappeared through the front door,' leaving her parent to console the young
man.   We fear her folly must have
coBt her a very comfortable home.
■Mr, J. Williams and D. Plcton were
visitors at the Passburg Hotel on Sunday evening.
Last week the Passburg miners
were given the opportunity of seeing
the cubical measurements of their
working places posted at the pit head
for the first time in the history of the
mine -workers down here. We hope
that the work done by the appointed
checkers will be greatly appreciated
by all concerned.' "
;rlvalthat on-their decisions would]de-
pend not only the opening out1 of No.'iv
mine;■ which.hasvheen;shut down for■
over two yoarsjbut'what'parts,' if any)-.
of'No.'2would be-.operated this yrin-
ter,. no .wonder their yljtf't wasjbbked
forward to, with much anxiety.   The
party, which,were led.by.iMr.' Fergy,'
of Montreal,, and Mr..;Gordon,' geologist,^ etc.-,,made .a thorough examiria-'
tlpn.of,both mines, and from, what we'"
can' learn decided to commence operations on  a ,}very,, large icale-next
spring/ The dangerous" headways ln;
the upper lifts'of No. 2 mine are to be
almost all stopped^and seeing that the
roof is so treacherous in that part of'
the  mines,: no'-less-^tlhan''four men
being; Wiled there recently, it' would
have, been weir if the.toplifts had xe--
malned closed for ever.   In the meantime. No.- 2 will go on as at present,,
producing about 200 .tons per day, but1!
In order, to keep her working expenses
have to be cjtt down to a minimum for
the time belng^ By way of economy
several bosses iwere reduced /to the
ranks!foretime. .Bill Davies, timber
boss,-has started coal digging; Sandy
Thompson, driver tibss, driving, and
Ell Nellsbn, tipple boss, started on the
rotraryy.Of course It is very consoling
to know that bright prospects are In
store for the caihp, but while the grass
Is growing the horse is Btarvlng.   Besides -most of the men who were employed in the top headways will have
td seek fresh fields.
-..Mr. ©. Lewis, of Maple Leaf,, haa
left for pastures new. They say Corbin, but we don't know. Wherever
you go, 'Ben, good luck to you.  .,•
iMr. W. Pout, who was detained by
the authorities' for some weeks at McLeod, is back looking none the worse
after detention. It seems strange that
a non-union man's statement generally proves to be false In a.court of justice and "that is the reason Pout is
here ln Passburg today, having been
falsely accused.
At last we are glad to Inform the
membership of our organization that
the widow of. our late Brother Steve
Kampan Is now receiving her compensation after a hard struggle extending
over twelve months. If the organization was not in existence we' would
be compelled to repeat Tolstoi's remark, "Goodbye to Hope." ,
* In various" camps throughout this
"district, If you happen to pay a,visit
_f #\_fSiv_1.n*n1p*l«n^Cr.M*kf-i..-lSA«M ~~»~.*Lll	
on the first and third Saturdays, you
generally see the miners cashing'their
statements, but at Passburg when a
person is In after his mall from the
post office he can see the' mine workers • pushing their' statementa- In
through the post office window to be
cashed. .
■° "Section 34, Coal Mines Regulation
Act: 'Payment of wages—No wages
shall be paid lo any ip6rson: employed
In or nbout any mine, at or within,
any hotel or placo where any spirituous or fermented liquor ls authorized
to bo sold, or In any house of entertainment, offlco, garden or place belonging thereto or connected therewith."
■But when there is no money nt tho
nbovo Institution you can soo them endeavoring bo ensh their statements at
tho Passburg Hotel or at somo storo.
How long nro tho workors going to
tolerate this looso system of nccnptlng
payment for thoir labor? It's a hard
proposition, nnd through tho workors
pntronlzlng Ihis system It lias been
the monns of placing tho Union Hank
branch hire entirely out bf business.
Tnotend of theso bankers having tho
privilege of doing IhlR Work thoy sny
that tho Passburg postmaster Is doing
It for thorn, but on whoso Authority
wo nre not In a position to sny. Nevertheless It should bo plncod before tho
PoHtmnster Ooneral for his ratification.
Sunday evening tho '"Observer" received a lonar dlstnnco messngo over
tho phono to tho offoot thnt nn ovonlng sorvlco wns going to bo hold nt tho
iProsbyterlnn Cliureh nt 8.30 slinrp nnd
♦hat thc Rev. WcCnlHstcr Hunter, of
hlnlrmoro. would conduct tho nnrvlco,
Tfowover. It nnnenrs that the "Observer" hns no desire of bubomlng a monn
lighter, nnd conducted hlmsolf to
drenmlnnd nbout 8,35 sharp, Try nnd
•nm m** in i|./» mnrnlnir |n tlio futuro,
Mr. Hunter. Good nlghtt
The cenlal mlxoloirlst of the 'Pnssburg Hotel wns missing on -Sunday
Inst, but In the nnrlv hours of Mondav morning wo Imnirlno someone wns
ondenvorlnir to sing"a sone. Then wo
reeolleeted thnt a christening hnd tnken nlnco on tho snmo dnv ns lie wns
mlsslntr, You genernlly find tho nur-
■mt* tv^d full of life. A wedding on
the AgendA.
Through tho "Observer." the socrotnry, T. O, Harries, desires tolnform
(he peoplo of Passburg and tlie adjoining cnmpn thnt lm Is taking mthscrlp-
(Ions for Iho District Ledger,  Let us
11 1 »1 1 ,1 1»   -   - II. m
,.,        .>,»>.<      .•«*. ..,.., .<{.«,*. .  .  »* 9,', ft ....
Mber men'n pnr>f>r. Tt In onlv runt* M-
Inr tx yonr. When you see Tom tell
bim to put your name on the list of
subscribers and then read some.
Mrs. II. Heap, who hns been vUltlng
Mrs. TI. Smith, of Burmis. for tbo past
two 'wt'-siRK, 'irti tm 'innMifc'j lojrwia ,;m
husband At Conlhurst for KIpoL
where Mr. Heap Is employed at flro
Sam Nicholson, ex-president,,who re- "
tl^ed from that office two months agoj  .
was" re-elected president in place of
Jim Barron, who left this district.
.  At last Sunday's meeting of the Local the question of forming a debating
society under the auspices ot the'Local was discussed.   It was generally •
agreed that a well-donducted debating
society w'ould not only "provide, entertainment during the winter months,
but from an educational point of view.
would be very instructive.   However,,,
as it ls Intended to Invite members of
both sexes to Join the society, and
also persons of all ages, and occupations,'it waB agreed to let the matter
stand over until a public' meeting is
called In order,to get the opinions of"
all, interested parties on the matter. .
At'• the  same  meeting it was   also
agreed to form a'Blck club ln connection with the Local, and the secretary
was Instructed to" communicate with
the -secretaries of, Locals where Blck
clubs were already established, In order to get some details as to benefits,
dues, conditions of membership, etc.,
(Bob Mllligan returned to the camp
last Friday after a fortnight's stay in
Pincher Creek hospital, to which institution he was removed by Dr. Connor
when he, had sufficiently recovered
from fever to make the journey in the
doctor's motor.   As reported in last
week's Ledger, Bob with his' wife and
four children came, here from Lethbridge a few months ago and whenhe
was taken ill the family* were sorely
sence about $60.00 was raised to assist
the family and on his return the balance was handed to him.' Not being
aware of what took place,'he was very
'agreeably" surprised when .given tho
cash, and both he and,Mrs. Mllligan
are very grateful, to all who assisted
them and are also anxious that their
benefactors should be thanked public-;
Malcolm McDonald ('Micky), ^who
was employed as hoist engineer at No,
2 for some years, but left a few
-months ago to look aftor his ranch
at Mountain Mile, returned to the
camp this week, and has charge of
the.pump at the creek. Mr. McDonald, who Ib about one of tho oldest
hands at Beaver Mines, has chargo of
tbe pump on days'and Isaac Campbell,
on nights. ,„,   ,
For the past fow dnya Professor C.
Matthews,,lato of Vancouvor, has been
giving dancing lessons in the Pioneer
Hall on Monday and Thursday evenings. That tlio profesBOr Ib .well skilled In gesllc loro is admitted by all
who hnvo como under his tuition. Success to you, Charlie; teaching tho
youngsters to trip l» much plonsantor
thun sledge hammer nnd anvil exorcise.
Davo Lamond removed hts wife and
furniture from this camp to Bollovuo
last wook. Jamoa Crawford-—Mr& Ln-
mond'B father—has, gono lo Bollovuo
with them. Both Messrs. Lamond nnd
Crawford tako with thorn tho best
wishes of the pooplo of Beaver Minos,
Ed Jolco, of Spike's team-driving notoriety, wae mado barn boss on tho
first of this month Instead ot T. Lub-
slor, who disappeared from this camp
Bomewhnt mysteriously , a fortnight
ago, Kd, who has boen employed on
tho -loco recently, has a sneaking regard for engines, yet ho is a good man
amongst horses, so the goo-goes aro
all Bmtlos,
John D mot with rathor a nasty
accldont in tho mine last Mondny. A
sharp plooo of rock fell from tho roof
on' to his car, cutting that orgttn to
badly that Dr. Delaney found it no-
ccssnry to put six stitches In the
Nurso Copo, who represented Dr.
Connor (Pmehoc Creole) at this camp
during tho early part ot lost summer,
visited Denver last week to remove
hor belongings. Tho nurse, who was
well Ilkod by tho pooplo here, spent n
few daya ln visiting her friend* boforo
commencing duty nt Plnehor Creok
hospital, whero she has accopted an
en f¥,\ fr *>* fix*
-* + 4»-+<**'+<4'«*|>*+'+#*
Thursday tnd Frld*y of list week
««r« evtnifol kJ*j-s st Beaver Mint*
owing to the camp being visited hy the
gentlemen who ere responsible for
guldlAf the destinies of (he Woslers
Cosrt ami Coltii Co. Aa tt was Itngwn
for some «Uy* previous to their «r»
*^rvVf> «nv«r\
J. MoNichoIns nnd Miss Bello Hamilton wero united ln matrimony on
99, 1 1 .     .  I      ,1 I.-..,   t*     ,1.  „
,.    ..    .........^ 1-   ■       .......Q,      >, -       ..         I...    .
bride's parents by Rev. I). M. Perley.
The newly married couple will reside
to the north of,tho town on Howland
For, first-class Tailderay work,
mounting anything from a sasle
to an elephant, cntt or write
P.O. Bex » WMtFernl*
MHtfiMWKtmim**iiMtm«m***mi**i9*'mt* I -''
;*•■'.'- '
PAGE FIVB  i f & •
*-M*¥»¥¥¥¥¥*»V*-M» f»q»yM.»»»»»»»»¥»»»»»»»»»M*M»»*»T
+ *k******k,kkkk*****ick**ick***W^^
• i
• (
■ (
'»»¥» v» v v yy v v y v v^ ■»■»»»»»»¥»»» »»¥»»»v*>ivvv»yv*»v»»*»»
I       5   •-'.
..♦■'  '   '•'*,. '♦.
.-$■ A,    COAL CREEK.NOTES'   .  ♦
:;;>/■;.. vo-:,/ \.- ■    ',-  ♦
--. ♦ ♦/••♦_♦*.<*>'♦ ♦ ♦'♦.♦ ♦
.Wethodlst"Young People's Union So-
,,   '      -'r'.'clal Evening
,.; The Young People's Union in con-
. nectlon with the'Coal Creek Methodist Church held their first of a series
of social evenings on Friday evening,
_ Oct. 3rd.: There were about 40 people
'., pYesent The genial superintendent,
T. Reid, occupied the chair, and' In a
brief address outlined the objects ot
the Union. A" vocal and instrumental
program,  was rendered! as follows:
" Song,/ "Daddy,"   Miss- Bella ' Finch;
' Scotoh recitation, "Bairns Caudle
doon," Miss" Young; violin solo, "Varieties," Master J. Ga skill; song, "Seagull," Miss M. Hall; Dutch recitation,
Master F. Smith; song, Mr. C. Tonbs;
, musical duet, Masters Hall and Gaskell. Mr.' C. Tonks officiated at the
organ. Interval. During the interval
the,young ladles were preparing the
necessaries to supply the cravings of
the inner man, which were duly served and the rest of the evening spent
in parlor games, all participating with
a full measure of enjoyment. The
committee deserve credit for tho capable manner in which everything was
arranged. >The participants thoroughly enjoyed the social and anxiously
" await the nest, everyone vlelng with
- each other in.voting lt a good night's
enjoyment. "We wish the committee,
every success ln their" undertaking.
A hearty. Invitation-Is given to all
to join the class, which meets every
Sunday at 2.30 p.m., Methodist Church.
. The Rev. Joseph .Philp will conduct
the services on Sunday, next at the
Methodist, Church. Everybody welcome.
Visions of a holdup of the mails occupied the minds of the people up here
- one day last week, when the malls
failed to materialize by. 4 o'clock p.m,,
- which idea waB further increased
when our local constable was sought
and proceeded down the Government
road, but on Investigation It was
foundto be nothing more serious, than
the steel cages for wrong doers for .the
new,'.'coop" which had slid off the'rig
owing to the rough state of the road.
■     D. McDonald returned to camp last
week end after an absence of.seven
years' perambulations in'various parts
of the country.   Say, Mac, It, was nice
. to talk' of old times. '.A. .*'
•Frank Barker, of Missouri-,.was ln
•camp    renewing - acquaintances    on
the candy kid.  -  '
' iWe/hear of one boarding house having a change of pie. owing to the en-
terprlzeof two of the boys.   Oh you
. jpumpkln kids, who ,stolet the plates?
Who lsolt'that is ever ready to stay
In and assist the housemaid in her
work with <Ush washing, etc? And who
'is lt has been noticed lately assisting
in banging out the washing? Keep
your eye on the Ledger man.
- Ono amorous swain is wearing a
woebegone expression on Ills'countenance owing to receiving a rebutf in his
endeavors to , appear chivalrous towards a certalnvmember of the opposite sex. Cheer up, boy, there are more
fish In, tho sea than over were caught,
.Accept' our sympathy.
, The proposed excursion to Michel
under tho auspices of Uio Football
Club had~Yo ho cancelled, owing to the
two Alberta clubs falling to deckle tho
'tic. Coal Creek F,,C, has suffered financial Jobs In consequence.
0 Tho final tor tho Mutz Cup Is to ho
played on Saturday at Mlchol. Tho
■Coal Creek lineup Is as follows; Goal,
Banns; backs, McLotchlo and McFegan; halves, Sweeney, Yates, Whyto;
forwards, Booth, Manning, Garvie,
.Toluson, Johnstone. The following
flvo travel with tho team: Partridge,
Harper, A. McFognn, Armstrong, T.
Quito a bunch ot coal Is bolng shipped out of B North mino. Tho now jig
was started on Monday.
Thoro woro vIsIoiib of slolgh rldos
for tho JclddloB when tho snow mado
Ita appoaranco during tho wook ond,
Tho Dancing class in connoctlon
' with tho Coal Crook Lltornry ft Athletic Association commence* this
weok. MomborBhlp cards, fl per
month, 'may bo had from tho commlttoo, Messrs. Johnstone, Worthington,
Franco and W. Rd. Puckey. Wo un-
'doratand that elaiaes aro to be held
twice wookly,
Preliminary announcement.—Will
nil lor.al "Moose" and othors mako a
ilato of Oct, 30th on which dato (ho
Fornlo Lodfto L. 0. 0. M. purpose running a show nt the Grand Thoatro,
A largo rook, weighing between six
•and wsvon tons, foil from the mountain In tho vicinity of tho Biiowslldo
ot December laat. Fortunately no ono
wns Injured.
Dlod, at tho homo of Wm. Matlo-
clink, Welsh Camp, William, Infant
son ot Mr. and Mrs. .MnflQChuk, nged
throo -months.
Fran**; Ulakumore, driver No, 1
North, lind to rocolvomodlen! attention owing to being kicked hy hia
"*.r,        *19*.,.9„JI„..      - 9"        .,„.,l..f.,l.,re
Inlurion *n ffir>* nnd ahniilrtar.
Win, Oreo, minor 1 South mine, rocolved Injurlo* nbovo the right oye,
owing to .ue head Ic&Ting shaft. Aftor attention ho waa able to proceod
kUv ii'u-rtu'vptii'tiiiriit i'-t>* i-w-in; utli v-*-Wu+.j*»v
Church for Coal Creek bat been du«
-out nnd the carpenters aire busy beforo tho heavy weather set* In.
; At a meeting of the employees on
Sunday last,'Mr. John Price and Mr.
Henry Gregory, were elected to. act on
the Inspection Committee in Old No. 3
mine and , Mr. Jas. Mercer and Mr~
John Robinson were elected to fill a
similar position in 3 East mine.
- Mr. John 'Colishaw, an old,time Michel fire boss, paid up a visit on Friday .last.., Johp intends to seek warmer regions', for the -winter.
. Mr. A. J. Carter visited Michel on
Saturday. last on business connected
with the C.--N.-.P. FootbalPLeague. '
We are glad to report that Fred Gul-
lett jun., had completely. recovered
from -his accident and has resumed
work,again. <'<   ■
, ■ Mr.'Harry.Carr, from Coleman, was
here oirTuesday,, Oct.' 7th, attending
the funeral of his grandchild.
'Mrs. Harry Hiusl paid Mrs. Jenkins a visit on Tuesday last, returning
home to Passburg on Wednesday.
Mr,, and Mrs, Jas. Oakley are rejoicing over the arrival of an Infant
daughter on Monday, pet. 6th.
We regret to report the death of Mr.
and Mrs. C, J. Tyler's infant daughter on Sunday, Oct.. 5th, the funeral
taking place on Tuesday, at the Michel cemetery.
Mr. James Mercer has been appointed a member of the Michel Board of
Examiners to represent the men, the
former member, Joe Gaul, having left
here for the Coast.'
H.> Elmer and.R. Jones were busy
getting the signatures of. all the contract miners for the purpose of having
the, checkweigh fund stopped, as the,
management did not see fit to withold
the funds from all the men working
on, contract checks unless section 17
of the CoaUMines Regulation was complied with and the consent of the men
in writing obtained, *
A meeting of. the employees of the
Michel Collieries was held on Sunday
last for the purpose of making a new
agreement with Dr. Weldon. An agreement has been drawn lip and will be
presented for the doctor's consideration.
■ 'Mr. A.'. Bastian and A. Almond have
bought out the pool room and bowling
alley In Martin's Hall from Mr. T.
Hampton and are now busy fixing up
preparatory! to reopening, when we
are.informed they will also run a mov-
ing" picture show. -We wish them success in-their enterprise^ '\
;Mr. Pete McGoverni who has been
working in Bellevuo for the past few
months, has returned to Michel again
and has secured a job in 3 East mine.7
Mr..George Spencer, manager of the
Hotel-at Sorbin, paid Mr. Geo. Stead-
man.of the Kootenay .Hotel, a visit on
Sunday laBt, returning home the following day. ... - ;K, .,,' t;
■ ,»One of our staunch Liberals Is looking for an opponent to debate Liberal-
Ism versus •*. Socialism. Any person
wishing to take up tho debate kindly
apply to Mr. Goo. Meikle, editor of the
Michel Reporter.
The Government road gang under
the supervision of Mr. John Connors
aro busy theso days beautifying Now
Michel. They are taking a portion of
tho old cemetery away to grade the
stroots and make them straight.
Watch Now 'Mlchol grow,
Mr. Sllvo Oris, mixologist of the
Kootenay Hotol, make a trip down to
Blalrmoro during tho weok to look
over a business proposition, Ho has
decided to start on his own account aB
soon as ho can find n . satisfactory
placo. 'Ho also Intends to take In a
pnrtnor for Hfo of the femalo sex.
, Tho Now Mlchol saw mill, Iho property of the Rlvoraldo .Lumber Co.,
have closed down for good, as .thoy.
havo run out of logs. Tho company
intends removing thoir mill to somo
other place which has not beon decided 0:1 up to tho present. Wo nro informed that lt hns boen the custom of
this company to pay tliolr wage slaves
on'tho first of May for their winter's
work. Should nny of tho men doslro
to quit boforo thnt tlmo they woro
pal{| off with tlmo checks on which
thoy lost about 25 por cont. of tliolr
oarnlngB whon they wished to cash
them, .This form of poonago may bo
slight In RiiBsln. but It corlnlnly seems
out of placo In McBride's Whlto B, C.
Wo hopo that ln future this company
will pay tliolr men in ourronoy,
Thero Rooms to be quite a dlfferonco
of opinion amongst tho pooplo of thU
camp na to who wnn' ontltlod to tho
prlzo .for tho biggest cockerel nt tho
Elk Valley agricultural ahow, It aooma
Mr. T. Cunllff hpri that honor.
Mr. William Whltehouae haa taen
promoted to the position of pit boaa
on Ho. 8 aid*, Mt. Matt LllU«r, who
hits np to the preaent been directing
th* operations on No. 9 aide, taking
ihti pint* of Wr, YTCrittfecmae as file
M»*t fn * Vnnt. mlnm ntimty nn lifjhf
Tho regular meolrig of Locnl *»1
was held on Sunday laat, there being a
fairly good attendance, Sovoral mat-
tofs of Importance wero dlaciiBRCd nnd
13. W. Chrlatlo had the misfortune to
loue hia valuable horse this week. The
niilmnl strayed nwnv and remnlned out
all night and whon it was found tn the I
lliDiiiiiit*,  ti   Hat   **ii)   IlbiUt)   Uv.U-J,
Mlsa Mary Armour, of Vancouver, Is
viiltlng In camp, the gntwt of Mr. and
Mrs. Walter flrott.
Tho Kellevun football team Journey-
r>rt  tn TOMrmnrr. nn  Tliii»*»^n*if nt It it
week. Thia was the return match (or
tho rup tie, (ho prevlout tie being a
draw. Co'loman, however, failed to pm
In nn nppwirnncn and their reason for
not doing to waa that they claim too
many matches had been arranged for
tht* wwk, CoT*»mnn have thMr fft-n
on the Crahan €up, but the Bellevue
boy* are wjmlly ambitious and wo Intend lo anp from U here If flean apart
can secure aantf.
K, Brld«o (• now otcupylnjt the
house lately vacated hy Jos, Atkinson.
The latter haa removed to Ma new
hooMt at Urne City.
Tho pitffei} hflaif'i'Titrfrtnr nm now located os lh* oppetite aide of tha tows
in the house lately vacated by. E.
Bridge. The new quarters are much
more convenient for both officers and
•public." c
. Thomas Bradley is now occupying
the ol<J police headquarters, Mr. Bradley has been waiting for this house
quite a long time, but objected'to occupying same previous to the police
quitting: '       ''•>,'
The electrician at the mines,' who
has-been sick for some weeks, left
camp this week for his home in Belgium. . ''
Mr. and Mrs. L. Cook were favoring
Blairmore with their presence on Saturday, returning home on Sunday
James Cardie was at Michel on Saturday representing the Bellevue team.
He reports little headway was made
with reference to the BellevueOole-
man game. .  '. 51
A, J. Garter, District Secretary-
Treasurer, was in camp this week on
The Bellevue Drug Company expect
to occupy their new brick store oppo-'
site the Bellevue Hotel this week.
'' William Cole,' proprietor of the
Bellevue pool room, is making considerable improvements and intends to
put in a lunch counter in connection
with same. -This is another indication
of the growth of our great little burg.
, D. Perry, station agent at Hlllcrest,
left thia week for a visit to his parents
In the east. His vacation will extend
over a period of six weeks.
James Carter, of Blairmore, is busy
persuading Bellevue people to buy
chunks of "mother earth." The real
estate proposition seems to be very
much alive in this town.
The stable boss of the mines has
resigned and. taken a position under
cover in the mine.,
Mr. Jordan, who'farrived with his
family from Diamond City this week,'
is occupying the house vacated by Mr.
•Mr. James-a .Naylor announces ' that
for the first week in his new store he
will give" a gold watch and chain free
to every purchaser of a suit of clothes.
Mr. Naylor intends "to make his store
one of the moBt up to date gents' furnishing emporiums in, the Paso, while
prices will be found consistent with
first class material and workmanship.
iThe new- store is right opposite the
Bellevue Hotel.. „ *,
' Miss Maggie Burrows left camp.this
week for Graham, where she will reside for sometime.
Mrs. William Goodwin left on Sat-
where she will visit, her daughter, Mrs.
Charlesworth. Mrs, Goodwin was accompanied byi Miss Olive Goodwin and
Master-Andrew Charlesworth. She will
be absent about two months.
J. B.'iRudd and Mr. Bountry'havO
returned from the Rudd Ranch where
they have been putting up hay. „,.
•We are pleased to see Tommy Boyle
around again after his' attack' of typhoid fever.
Many students are taking advantage
of Tom Stephenson's classes In mining ' which are being held ln tho
Church every Monday evening. ■
A Junior Epworth League Society
wns organized on Monday last among
the- children of tho eamp. The following officers were elected: President, Miss Florence Halworth; first,
vlco president, 'MIbb Slma Elchtl; second vlco prosldont," Miss Esther Pearson; third vlco.president, Miss Annlo
Kynaston; fourth vice president, Joseph Christie; secretary, Miss Doris
Bateman. 'The Loague will meet every
Monday afternoon at 4.30.
The Bellevuo School Bonrd hold a
meeting on Monday night to elect a
janitor for tho now school. Thero
wore a numbor of applicants and Jack
FniBer was the choice ol tho trustees.
A, I, Blals rocolved.' a largo shipment
of very flno apples from Nelson tills
Tho stork hns again visited tho
camp, stopping at Mr. and Mrs. JnmoB
Naylor'B reBldenco and leaving a flno
healthy daughtor. Mother and child
doing woll,
Mr. Stovo Humble, the hnrdwaro
mnn, announces a ciifth Bale of hand
painted ohlnn, jiiblloo onnmol ware
and kltchon utonalls for one woek
only. Thia Ib nn opportunity for tho
thrifty houaowlfe lo effect renewals
In tho kitchen nnd pantry.
Mr. Johnatono, manngor of tho Lyric
moving plcturo house, hns rocolved 18
now ploeos of music, which mako qulto
a qulto a plonslng addition to tho ahow,
Films nro changed throo tlmoa onch
week, Monday, Wodno«dny and Frldny. Tho thoatro Ib cortalnly a great
nddlllon to tho nmuHomcnta of tho
town and a mont pleasing placo to
apond the winter evening*. The pro-
Joctlon la flno and donr whilo nothing
but the moBt up to date In oducatlonnl,
dramatic, comic and sconlc pictured
nrn ahown. (lot the habit, It Is both
cheap nnd plenalng.
"'Mr. Payne, of Benson and Payne,
Vancouver, was a Hosmer visitor in
the interests of his'firm, who are real
estate vendors, Port Alberni lots being, his specialty.
-vMr. Joe Thomas, of Passburg fame,
was a Hosmer visitor Tuesday. Joe
doesn't think as much of Hosmer as
he used to. Evidently he didn't come
across the Board of Trade.
A large crowd assembled at the
Opera Houae Monday to hear.Hassell
give an account of his sojouria1 in an
Oregon; pen, illustrated by pictures.
Miss Matthews, one of the best songsters that has visited Hosmer in many-
moons, also helped to make the entertainment an,enjoyable one, her fine
rendering of some well-known songs
pleasing the audience immensely.
•Mr. LZieslman has purchased Lombard's building on Front Street and is
fixing up same for establishing his dry
goods business there.
■ -Coleman and Coal Creek Football
Clubs'having agreed on the ground,
the tinal of the Mutz Cup will be played at Michel on Saturday, Oct. 11th,
kick-off at 2.30 p.m. Acontlnuance of
jthe present weather and the-players
will need snowshoes.
The Hosmer Industrial Association
have arranged ,to take over the stock
and premises of A. Lund, who is Jeav-
Ing shortly for Medicine Hat, and will
move into same at, the end of. the
Norman Shaw has returned from
Lethbridge; where he has been undergoing treatment for his arm.
The Oddfellows* Annual Ball is to
take place 'In the Opera House" on Friday the 31st.
♦ ♦
The mines here only worked two
days last week. Prospects look dull
for the coming winter.
There were several new arrivals in
camp last'week in the\ persons of Mr.
and Mrs. Brown and their daughter,
wlio arrived direct from the old country. Mr. and -Mrs. Brown are the parents of 'Mr. Allan Brown, mine foreman here. We wish them welcome to
the land of the maple leaf.
Prof. Morrison has notices posted
announcing the opening of his dancing classes-on Wednesday night, Oct.
8th. Mr. Morrison nas .secured the
use of the local club rooms and engaged the services of several musicians.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ Anyone knowing the where- ♦
♦ Qaboutaj.of William  Lindsay, ♦
♦ late of Pocahontas, last heard ♦
♦ of in Victoria, B.- C. over a ♦
♦ year ago, please communicate ♦
♦ with his brother, David Lind- ♦"
♦ say, Jasper Park, Pocahontas, ♦
♦ Alta., Canada. ♦
their own endurance and the abilities
of their oxygen helmets. We,hear one
poor fellow accldently' shut off his
air valves and was near being asphyxiated before his condition was discovered and relieved by his fellow
rescue men. Never mind little things
like that, Willie, it's all in the business of a rescue,man to be in danger,
whether in practice or actual work,
an d only the ones that suffer the severe tests and pass through'satisfactorily will be looked up to as ready
to save life and limb when the occasion arises. Success to the rescue
The First Aid to the injured' meet
every Wednesday evening in the Company Office, Dr. Rose gives the lectures and Tom Adams and James Hill
do the instructing in splint and stretcher work, etc. About thirty members
are now enrolled with Dan Quigley as
The fellow who. was going to fix
somebody with the scissors on Sunday night had better attend the Bible
Class next Sunday afternoon held in
tho School. He might learn how Cain
and Abel made out before Bclssors
were invented or get his relative to
move into another house and start a
barber shop.
The teaching ot all local dances hilled,
Including the turkey trot and "frlng-
dingle" gallop. We wish the professor success ln his undertaking and
recommend tho attendance, of all desirous of learning,
Mr. William McPherson. left for his
ranch In Vulcan, Alta.
-Many of the miners aro quitting tho
camp owing to the dull times prevailing.
Mr, Dennis Glldlo, accompanied by
his wife, arrived back in town Saturday morning, Oct, 4th,,        .
Mr. Alec Schmidt left on Saturday
evening last for Salem, Ore. He will
be gone for some little time.
Mr. Slopak, sr., and family arrived
in town last week from Bohemia and
have taken up their residence here.
The many .friends of Mr. Ed. Don-
kin will be sorry to learn of his illness
from scarlet fever. We all hope for a
speedy recovery.
Married—On October 3rd, at the
parsonage, ,Frank, Mr. Fred Johnson
to Miss Florence Taylor, both of Hillcrest, Alta. Rev. W. T. Young officiated.
■Born—On October 4th, to Mr. and
Mrs. 'C. .Moore, a daughter.
Miss L. Blais is assisting the Coleman Mercantile Company during their
big sale.
. Miss C. Easton, of Coleman, was a
visitor in Frank on Sunday;*  »
Master Jimmie Chezek • returned
fromNorth Fork last week," where he
has been spending the last'couple of
weeks with his unale, Mr. Poch.
Mr. Thos. Williams; for several
has been ailing for some time past,
died last Wednesday in'the Blairmore
Hospital of dropsy, and was buried in
the Blairmore cemetery on Friday under the auspices ot the Miners' Union,
of which he wad !a'member. Ho leaves
a wife and family in HIgsby', U. S. Aa
Work 'has commenced on the Keystone Cement Company's property just
west of Frank. Men are busily employed in clearing the ground and -preparing to build.
Many uxpruaaiona , oi roiii-ut **a*i
heard when tho untimely end of Ham
Hartley biceame known. DareaaM.
who used to bo provincial constable nt
Honmor, waa drowned In tho Frnnor
Tit.,.-.*,     ^n.t,,     tin      T..*-,.      rt4,*l     H     If*.*,     f\*,Xl,
...... 1      ..   ■ H
through tho enqulrlea of friend* (hat
the aad affair waa mado public. Human Uvea In tho construction campa
nlong the Ornnd Trunk aren't valued
very much. If all report* aro correct.
Tho Chief tnapeotat ot Mlnea (Ora-
Tmm), ft,*f!r>mp,i.nfflft hy Tn*ppotor Wll-
llama, mado an Impaction of Homier
Minna lniit Friday.
The Board of Trade held Ita menth-
ly meeting on Monday laat In tho Bale
Mr. and Mrs. A. Anthony had their
homo enlivened by the arrival of a
baby damthter, Arthur, if on* can
imttc hy Ma couuteiuuee. la. uUitCUil.
Watch Hosmer grow.
Tho mine Is working Btendy these
days, plenty of railway cars always on
hand nnd plenty of labor powor for
production. t
Quite a numbor ot accidents occur-
rod In Iho mino tho last two weeks,
drlvors being principal sufforors. Tho
most Borlous of theno cases happened
on Sept. 20th. John Henderson, a
driver, wns going ln with an empty
trip and tor name reitHon or oilier the
hori>'o boenmo a bit troublesome nml
mndo n llttlo extra tlmo goin? !n.
Things went well until an Innltlo
Bwltoli wns rcncliod, whon tho run
jumped tho truck and H-endorxon xvtxn
thrown ngalnst tho rib with tho cars
snrlouBly Injured. Ills leg wiih badly
broken and ho sustained othor Injuries. Tho poor follow wns first nttond-
od to hy tho first aid men holow and
thon taken to tbo Biirfncn, whoro Dr,
Hoso prepared him tor tha hospital at
Dlnmond ('Ity. To mnko thlnga worse,
Shotllghtor Melting happened to be
coming nrnund tlio switch and was
Jimt In tlmo to rocolvo n broken collar
bono, BiippoKed to bo raufied by fulling
tlmbor knocked out hy the earn. We
give credit to Hie nhotllghtor for tho
eniirngn -shown, n« wo undorMnnd Iin
dlrneled thr» flr«t nld work nnd gave
every pomiblo nsBlatanno to tho drivnr
Vim '\"*v thn mnut «f>rlnils lutrt nt tho
itwo, and rofuaeil doctor'a attention ('
himw.ir until tlemkuraon had been fixed up. We are picked lo report good
proven-* it* boM fUM1*. On Ott. 2n4
(loorgo Burlo, a driver, received" a
nnnty cut In iho leu which will k<»ep
« , •....,,.   ..1.   .   t   ...   *,.._.    mi
driver* aerm to. bo having an unlucky
streak nt prcjtent.
John Mrqiilre and Dave Llvlngatono
quit the mine Frldny and pulled out
on fliU unlay for green field* and pa*-
lurca new.
Charl"!! Wlltnn puUod hf* pop* on
Monday morning and any* he ta going
oast DM If r*t ln<tiil»<Kt wtfh tho
■Unall drink!* lmnrtfd mil by the mixed-
otlit on Saturday night? Too bad you
got mad, Charlie.
Tho r«-*cii<» men are hanl ait work
(beao days, one loam working In tho
morning and one at night. Threw
tliut-A -i. '*cct tlicj Ucklu lU *a,»k«
chamber for a couple of hours, (eating
♦ ♦
Thursday ovonlng last thore was a
big blaze at No, 3 mine, When first
obsorved lt was thought It was tho
mine tipple and the word Bpread almost as fast as tlio fire, creating somo
excitement for n tlmo, rigs,, and running pedestrians nil making towards
tiie blaze, which fortunately, turned
out to bo raging only amongst tho tlmbor stackod thoro for future use. The
wood yard,extends a considerable distance from tho mine, nnd lt wns nbout
100 ynrds from tho extromo ond,
whoro tho flro hnd originated which
had got a good hold beforo bolng noticed Both No. 1 nnd No. 2 flro brigades wore quickly on tho scone. For-
tunatoly the wind was blowing from
the northeast, nwny from the tlpplo,
or thero Is nn Raying what might have
happonod, ns tlmbbr Ib stacked right
back to tho mlno. On Chlof Ilnrdy
arriving ho sot nil hands, spectators
Includod, who cared to give a helping
hand, to cut a wny through tho timbers as cIomj to tho blu/.o ixh ilia heat
would permit, and thiiHconflnn It to
tho ono eorner. nnolng thero wns nothing for It but to lot It burn ItRelf out.
Tho brlgado worked hard and alronw-
niiHly nil night, keeping a contlnunuH
flow of wator playing on tho nur-
—We carry exclusive agoncy—
Made of P A V Leather
Dig Dargalna In Shorn for July
rounding timber, which was in danger
at any minute of catching owing to the
clouds of flying embers falling around.
Happily by daybreak all danger of further spreading was over, although all
day on Friday there was a gang of
men working on the smouldering timber. It is estimated that there.has
been about thirty thousand props, or
ten box car loads, destroyed, valued
at about $5,000.
The Hungarian Society held a social
and. dance in the Miners* Hall on the
4th, which was largely attended. One
disagreeable feature, however, about
the social held on Saturday night is
the abundance of booze which carries
festivities too far into Sunday morning, and it is anything but edifying to
see individuals the worse for drink on
a Sunday.
Mrs. John Cooper and family arrived last week from Lancashire, England, to join her husband here.
J. O. Jones has returned home from
Montreal where he was attending the
Congress Convention as representative of the Alberta Federation of Labor »    '■
J. Findlay, wlio has been in indifferent health for some 'time, has quit the
mine and gone with a threshing outfit
for a couple of months to see If country life will brace him up a bit.
Miss \Maggie Moore is a guest of the
Hearne family on their farm six miles
from town. '   "
Rev. Father Rosenthal is confined
to his room for the last week with a
severe cold.
The alterations on the Co-operative
premises will be completed this week,
when they will have the most commodious and up-to-date store on the
north side.
Board  Member  Larson   spent - the
week end at home.   His report of organizing work in the Taber field is not
as satisfactory as anticipated. He left
for Taber again on Monday and expects to have a Local or two going
before the end of this week.   H© j8'
alone this time, aB Karl Theodorvitch
International Organizer, is under in'
structlons to proceed at once to Colorado, where the mine workers are on
strike. We understand he will be gone
for at least three months, and Bro
Larson will hold position till his return.
Mrs. Walter Vere and family have
gone to Coalhurst to join her husband -
Joe SlmmonB, who has been off
work for several weeks with broken
ribs, caused by a piece of coal falling
from the rib side and crushing him.
whilst sitting on the machine board)
has resumed work again this week.'
D. Smith, who has been in the Gait
Hospital for the last four weeks with
typhoid, is now at home convalescent.
R. Draper, fire boss at the mine,
who was married recently, has taken
Wanted - Drivers for Coal
Mines;   Schedule   Wages
Apply at once.
• vi
Lethbridge   Collieries
I KiPE-_.=L_Alberta.	
Port Alberni
Lots In District Lot 121. Prices and terms reasonable. Lots
from $100 up, not In Townsite but adjoining; within one and a half
mile circle. •
Send for booklet endorsed by the Port Albornl Board of Trade.
409 Dawson Building      -      Vancouver, B. C.
We carry a i\ill lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :':        Frank, Alta.
'The Quality Store"
Groceries and Dry Goods
Clothing, Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
Prnif nr"J Vf»fv»»t»»S1n.r>
Phone 25       Victoria St        Blairmore, Alta. :\
■ AtX^ .'--■,
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be  leased   for   a   term   of   twenty-one
Sears at an annual'rental of $1 an acre.
ot more than 2.560 acres wil he leasea"
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which th-" rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory tne land must be
described hy j"-crions, or legal sub-divi-
glons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant' himself.
Each apllcatlon must be accompanied
by a. fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person -operating the mine shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn returns
Recounting for the ful! quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon, If tho coal mining
, rights are not be'ug operated such
returns should be furnished at least
onne a year.
The lease will include the coal mlsing
fights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for tho working of the mine
•t tiie rate of flO.OO an acre.
For full information application
ehould be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the lntorlor, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
*W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister or the Interior.
,    N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be oald fnr.
the Chinese
By Theodore Rothstein
- (London),   V,
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE       -       -       -       -        B. C.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. i. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals tliat tasto like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
*, ,
I-1 '  .
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
'G   - *    -
J*(»'S*-;v    >    *
<Sm% ■■■■*■■
p'JSfc*-. tr,
iz9*>l99ilrw*,»<9<,**- •
*.-;>--.. it"*.' *.
. A... ■■ '. /-'
Rmlvt Tha Ltdo-tr don't bum* in,
Watch tha data of th* titration ot
your tubtcrlptlen which la printed on
th* urn* UUl tbnUlnlna ywwr «d>
The brief straggle in China between
the North ancl the- South has, it seems,
ended in a victory for the former. This
could have been expected, , The revolt
broke out without preparation as the
result of the impatient action,of a deposed Governor, while the North has
had its forces well organized by Yuan-
Shih-kai with the help of foreign
money. It is, indeed; stated that when
the southerners proclaimed their rebellion Yuau-Shih-kai raised his hands
to ithe sky thanking the gods for thus
giving him tlie desired opportunity for
crushing the enemy before he had
completed his preparations.
The defeat of the southern Republicans means a good deal not only to
China, but also to the world at large'
and, more particularly, to the people
of the United States. It is an event
fraught with very wjde ami far-reach*,
ing 'possibilities and (therefore merits
the attention of every student of international politics.
From a formal point of view' it is
but an episode in the perennial struggle between Peking and the 'provinces,
which has for many generations distinguished the domestic history of
China. The struggle itself, however,'
has always been something more than
a mere struggle between the centralist
tendencies of the capital and the autonomous or particularist aspirations
of the provinces, as is commonly represented. Underlying the centralist
tendencies of Peking was always the
cupidity of a government and its bureaucracy dependent upon the provinces for supplies.. Underlying'the autonomous aspirations of the provinces
was always the desire of,the local administration not to pay over to Peking
more than was absolutely necessary.
For China has never—not even in the
lialciyon days of the Manchu rule—
been a centralized State, though it had
a central government, and what Was
to the advantage of Peking as the seat
of the central government, of the
court, the Mandarins, the highest civil*
and miliitary bureaucracy, was detrimental to the provinces as the abode
of the local administration and local
gentry. Of course, the local provincial
administration itself was largely recruited from the same elements which
ruled at Peking and would, therefore,
sometimes simply share the spoils
with them. But more often than not
the, local bureaucrats would succeed,
in 'the absence of all machinery of central 'Control, in winning for themselves
a large measure of independence, 'and
then they would make common cause
.with the powerful local gentry and
tance to the financial and other encroachments of Peking. This explains
the almost incessant troubles and provincial revolts which' form such a salient feature of'Chinese history.
The advent of international capital
—first commercial, then money lenders', and lastly Industrial and railway
capital—not only intensified ■ this
struggle between the capital city and
the provinces, but also add-ed to it a
now feature. It was In the Interest
of international capital to strengthen
the hands of the central government,
that is, of Peking, for only a strong
government could guarantee the safety nnd profits of the Invosted capital.
In addition, overy transaction (mostly
entered upon by the Chinese government undor compulsion) with International flnnncc Imposed upon the government a new burden in the shape of
various 'payments, which In their turn
constituted n now cause for claims upon tho provincial treasuries. Tho opposition of the provinces to tho capital 'City, therefore, wiih bound not only
to grow moro determined, but also to
iiHsumo a patriotic and nationalist lute
as directed ngalnst n government
which lends Itself lo the nuichlniitloiiB
of foreign capitalists ns their tool, to
tho detriment of 'China's own economic and political intorcatB. As the government of tho MnnchUB hnippqnod Itself to bn ono of foreign' conquerors,
this provincial or'"Young China" nationalist movement became gradually
iinlt-dymiHtlc and ultimately assumed
tho dimensions of a revolution and led
to tlio overthrow of t*ho monarchy and
tho proclamation of tho republic,
•Formally, then, the revolution of tho
end or 1911 wa« n victory of provincial
niitlonailftin ovor tho forolKii-lmckptt
centralized bureaucracy of the capital.
This natloiiiillHin, howovor, wan Incidental, and ho w»h tlio nccompnnyliiB
ropiihllcnnlam., Hoth wnro lent la tho
inovomont liy thn liitollnotunlH who
had received tliolr education abroad—
vhlnfly lit tho Unltod Hintou—and were
nmdlly iihhiwm.<I by It, an commonly
|||I|>|M)IIH    ill    NIK'l)    Hit till t tOMH,    ItH    tllO
lilonlnirlrnl form of protoKt, In Uh ex-
wciu'ti thin victory of provliiclnllmii
wan a victory of tho provincial neiitry
iuul bourK«nl8le ovor the pnrnHltlc nlo-
riii-'iit. in the ni pi till that wan wit In 8 at
thn mnrrow of their boncH nml napping
tlio fonnilatloiiH of Ihelr development
by the introduction of foreign rivalr.
Anil uh the cnpltnl U HlUMtod In the
north while Ihe centre of gravity of
China's economic development Ilea in
the Houth, tlm RtniKRlo and the revolution assumed tlio form of a fight bo-
iit-ct.il Llit  .Vuiu'l .Iflli Lilt! .S-JU-iil,
TIiIk much mimt bo understood of
tlie revolution If thr present counterrevolution Ih to be under-stood, A
counter-revolution follow* a revolution
•Aft UlVJ till)   lUl.Ut'A  Villi   -.lut.     iv.  Ali&fcB
from k double clrcumitonoo. On tho
ono hand, a revolution emails great
loans ■ upon property nnd Ita profit*,
and tho 'propertied claiaoa soon get
tired and begin to long for order nnd
tor teat. Moreover, they begin to feel
the atU.uu'e with tlu*. moro iU';*.>.mr.itii:
«J«m«nta aa more and more embnrras*
sine and their desire to ali-ala: It off
grown upaot). On tho other hand, the
povf.rn that wer», which repr-ewnt «
certain aoeial force and tttra taken
by the refolutlon mor« or U?*8 unaware*, begin to look around and gradually to romporate their -strength. An
Mpprostmatkon thon ukw* |m»ci» *»*-
t«r««n thot* power* and the propertied
classes on the basis of certain mutual
concessions and of common opposition
• to .the more democratic and still revo-~
lutionarilji' inclined elements, with'
the result that a counter-revolutionary
movement sets in.
In all essentials" this process has
also taken place in- China. The provincial gentry and bourgeoisie have'
achieved Jheir object by ejecting the
Monarchy and dynasty and by instituting a parliament in which, naturally, the provinces were bound to play
the leading role. ' Their longing'was
now for peace and quiet work. ' But a
revolutionary excitement cannot subside on the very' next day after the
revolution.-The masses who have been,
set into motion long for something
more than a mere parliament. They
have a number of more or .less va$ue
desires which they want to see first
satisfied. They had suffered long, and
they want measures of relief as, hi;
deed, were promised to them at the
time of the revolution.' The revolution
itself has robbed them of their scanty
means of subsistence, and they starve
and cannot prevail upon themselves
to return to tho old "rut" as if nothing
had happened, .They, then, continue
waiting, keeping their arm's, threatening the faint-hearted and the treacherous, and very often make use of
their 'power in an unauthorized^ fashion either to compel a quicker pacjs
or to procure for therilselves the.necessaries of life.' It takes a very long
.time before these elements either settle down'by themselves or (as is more
often the case) are reduced to tranquility. In the first French revolution
important factors in this respect were
the revolutionary and the Napoleonic
wars which drew these elements away
to the battlefield. ■ In the Russian revolution these elements, unable to assert themselves, were broken up by
the counter-revolution and driven to
an'archy and "expropriation." In China
they naturally frightened the 'propertied class and inspired- them with a
longing for a "strong hand" to disband and to suppress ..them and thus
to restore as quickly as possible "nor-'
mal" conditions.
Luckily for them they had one quite
close by, that of Yuan-Shih-'kal. Yuari-
Shih-kai had been. one of. the ablest
administrators und«r the old regime.
He, moreover, was a "modern" man
and enjoyed the confidence of Europe,
that Is, of European finance and diplomacy. As such he was disliked by the
Manchus, though he* had once saved
them- from constitutional.reform's'and
restored their A autocratic powers.
When the revolutionary tide beganto
rise high, the -Manthus in .their need
summoned him from his exile and entrusted him with the task of coping
with the danger.. The circumstances,
however, were different from those of
1898. The 'Manchus were now really
discredited, and the revolutionary forces were very strong. Yuan-Shih-kai
consulted his friends, the Europeans,
and they dissuaded him from attempting to fight tho revolution. "Naturally fearing," as the London Times Pe:
king correspondent afterwards frankly admitted',/that any support given
to the cause of the Monarchy would
lead to destruction of their property
by the Republicans, to the killing of
European's in the Interior, and to a
general cessation of trade, they (the
foreign mercantile communities at the
treaty ports, and notably the great
llritisli firms at Shanghai) brought all
their Influence to bear against Yuan
nnd the Monarchy." As Yuan still hesitated which way to turn, the financiers declined "nt the last crltlcnl mo-
mont to sit'pply Yuan with tho funds
which would, no doubt, havo saved th'e
Throne In December." Thoroupon Yuan threw In his lot with tho Republicans nnd induced the Mnnchus to abdicate voluntarily, lest worse should
befall them.
Yuan, thon, was by tho vory -course
of events designated as tho strong
man. JIo was, as said, a modern man
enjoying tho confidence of Europe,
and he -spnrod' tlio-country unnecessary bloodshed and disturbance by
quietly cutting short tho resistance of
thu Mnnchus, At tho same time ho
sliowpd hlmsolf sufficiently pliable
and opportunist to abjure his old monarchist principles and to recognize tho
republic, Tho 'propertied laesos woro
thereto™ very HiitlHflod. They prevail-
od with tho moro democratic elements
who Ri'hvltated towards Dr. Bun**Yat-
Hon upon electing Yuan an Prosldont
nnd tacitly entrusted him with the
trtHk, of winding up the revolution. Uo
was tho man to da It becntiHo IiIh sympathies naturally Iny with the proper'
tied clnHHCH and IiIh republicanism wiih
Htrongly lined with reactionary Bym-
(To he continued.)
Murphy claims to "be a Home Ruler
and at trie same time has been knighted and is now Sir William. The Trades
.Congress appointed a committee of
i'three and the parliamentary committee a similar number to investigate
conditions in Ireland, which they are
now doing. The undisputed leader of
the workers is Jim Larkin,-who is almost idolized. ■. Larkin outgeneraled
•Murphy in a number of cases. Shortly
after discharging .the 200 men as an
"object lesson," Murphy called a meeting of' his-employees, igave theni a
meat tea,, made a conciliatory speech,
promised them a raise of 25'^cents a
week and told .them to go 'back to
.work. Instead of doing so the men
went to a nearby, hall and held an all-
night meeting with Larkin as chief
speaker. Several days after the strike
was called the police -were hunting all
over Dublin for Larkin to serve him
with an injunction against speaking.
An Immense crowd had gathered about
the' Imperial Hotel, wliich is also owned by Murphy, to liyike a demonstration. Suddenly a 'figure appeared on
the -veranha, motioned for attention
and the familiar voice,of Larkin rang
out in an encouraging and defiant
speech. He was in disguise, the crowd
yelled with delight, the police charged,
Murphy roared with rage in his office
when apprised of Larkln's daring, and
in the general hubbub the latter escaped again.' -The Countess Markevlecz,
a suffragist, and Linn Feinner, who
was aiding 'Larkin, was- arrested and
put under bond.' Larkin's father was
hanged at -Manchester with O'Brien
and Allen, the Irish patriots, in tbe
Fenian scare of'1867. As a young
man Lffrkin became a deep student of
social problems and served as general
organizer of the Dockers' Union, the
president of which, James Sexton, is
a Labor member of Parliament. Several years ago Larkin returned to Ireland and engaged'in organizing"work,
in Dublin, Belfast,-Wexford, Sligo and
other places, ffls activity aroused the
ire of Bishop Clancy,- who attacked
him fiercely. To the horror of .some
of the" simple natives, Larkin refused
to quake in his shoes, but made a spirited and dignified,reply to the bishop,
in which he showed the latter that he
was entirely out of=hls- sphere when
he essayed to discuss the labor ques-.
tion with authority. Subsequently Larkin joined the Socialist party and with'
"four other members was elected to the
<iity council in Dublin just a. year ago.
His efforts in the council to improve
the conditions of labor and 'his ability;
as an orator and organizer haye con-
and It is a common declaration among
the workers that if they had the choosing he would be made lord mayor .of
(Clevolatid Citizen)
Oitld Ireland hnH nt ln»t taken Its
plnro'i nmonK other nntlotiH of! the
iinrth linving a livo, aggressive labor
mnvomnnt The hie twiernl utrlke In
Dublin, which wna begun by the atreet
car men and aoon involved longshoremen, Bcumcn, coal handlers and other
work-era, fchoif • that good proBf-M* In
organization has been made during
tho past two or threa yonra,   British
, ,    ,'         , . ,-     *,. , .     T,.. .,*■.. ,      It . „
tl*-. ** tt^^tlfl.ltlt     **t       1.199,9      t.   •.I,9.\»:t9l.      ..I.***-
pliy of the Dublin tramway ayatem d«»
olared In tho dally paper that he owna
that $500,000 would bo ipent. If necea-
anry, to cruah tho amployeea' organ!-
tion and the labor agltntom and thin
check tbe grdwtb of unionlam. Murphy uppcara to be typical plutocrat.
ffrat he conaented that hia employeea
might form a union If thoy no doolr.M,
nnd when they atarted to organise he
dlaehargeci 200 without ceremony. The
Irlah delegation .that vliltod tho Man-
cheater convention of the Hrltlih
Trade Union Congreaa to reoueit aa-
aiitantse .declared tbat, Homo Kulo and
'lory capUaUftU ar* wor**l»K bund In
hand to emaib onunicatlona of labor.
Government purchasing agents, de:
signing and operating engineers, and
the fuel departments of industrial'concerns, large dealers in coal,' and persons, interested in- the distribution and
character of the different coals in the
United States, will find valuable information in a report just issued by the
United States Bureau of .Mines' as Bulletin 22, entitled "Analyses of coals .in
the United States, with descriptions of
mine and field samples- collected between July 1, 1004, and June 30,1910."
-This report .contains analyses of 5,-
000 samples of coal xalce'n from 1,500
coal mines and'-prospects situated in
We various coal fields of the United
States. 'Not only are all of the important fields represented, but practically all of the more important mining, districts as well.
The purpose of the Bureau In compiling and publishing this information
Is to present reliable information regarding the chemical composition and
heating value of the coals,   The samples of coals'were collected by experienced men according to a definite
and uniform system, and were analyzed under,, carefully, controlled conditions, so that there might be no question as to the relative' merits ■ of the
different coals so far as this can be
determined by,chemical analyses and
determination.of heating values,-- ,
■   An increasing proportion of the coal
consumed in the power stations and
by the larger manufacturing plants of
the country Is now being purchased
under specifications based on chemical analyses'and calorimetric■ determinations of heat units.   In the purchase of fuels many matters that have
been left to chance are now carefully
investigated.   It-is the'aim of mechanical engineers to construct furnaces
and to arrange the heat-absorbing surface in such a furnace with reference
to the 'peculiar character of the fuel
which Is to be. burned.' Noting' the
composition of the fuel, and constructing the furnace with reference to it,
he.can assure efficient and smokeless
combustion. , Moreover, in any particular market.the choice of coal Is generally, limited by Its quality arid- by
freight rates from one' or two fields
in which the character of the coal bed
is comparatively uniform.   By. having
at hand a representative analysis of
the coal from a given bed in any -particular district the engineer can determine whether the coal he receives
comes from the designated bed and
district stated,, and whether It is being prepared for market as carefully
as It should be.   Wide variations In
the composition.and heating value of
the coals from different districts and
from  different beds make analyses
that are comparable, because of the
care taken in sampling _an_d_ahal'yzlng.
Loi?al Union Directory, Dist. 18, U JL W.D
On the 23rd of September the coal
miners of Colorado struck 7a blow for
liberty. The coal miners had. no desire to resort to the last weapon—the
strllce—to wrest humane conditions
from the mine operators. They exhausted' every effort to bring about an
adjustment of grievances In a peaceable manner without resorting to the
strike, but their efforts woro ignored
by tho representatives of corporate
greed, who insolently refused to entertain for a moment tho modest do-
mauds mado by the officials or the
United Mine Workors.
The purse-proud, -plutocrats of the
coal corporations declared that "there
Is nothing to arbitrate," anil' informed
the public that "thoy would run their
business to suit themselves."
Tho mino barons, -previous to tho
Btrlke, doctored that thoir employees
woro sntlsflod with conditions and,
heralded through thoir kopt press that
tho minors would remain.at work and
that the talk of strlko was merely the
nolso of agitators who had boon Imported Into Colorado to sow tho seeds
of discontent among tho miners. But
tho declaration of tho mino barons fell
to tho ground on the 23rd dny of Soptombor, for tho men who had homo
tho impositions of souIIob.8 gluttons,
dropped their toolB and loft thoir nrla-
onu In tho bowels of tho earth to fight
a bnttlo for those conditions that
would lift manhood on u hlsher plunc.
For yenrs tho Southern conl fiolda
or Colorndo hnvo been governed by
tho Colorado Fuol & Iron Compnny
and tho Victor Fuel Company, Thoso
mluhty corporations havo ruled with
nn Iron hand, nnd thoir brutal, man-
dntCB havo boon enforced by despot-
l-xod thiiRs aYid Imported man-killorH,
Tho labor prRimlzor took his lifo In
IiIh hands when hn Invaded tho territory that-wnn Koyornodby Industrial
tyrants. Mnny of tho orgnnlzors of
tho Unltod Mine Workors of Antorlna
honr tho wars Inflicted by hlrod thugs,
nnd somo wnro foully murdorod by
tho paid nann-HsliiH of tho coal corporations thnt have .nusslnnlzed tho
southern pnrt of the state of Colorado.
Upon this corporation-ruled domain
"Mother'* .Tones was seised nt nlnht
and forced by tho powor of armed
brutality to enter n train nnd tako her
departure somo nine yenrs nKO, nnd
when sho ronched thn slate of Utah
vm» uhuiu aui/.i!U iu Um nauid *Jf ">'-*'•'
and order" and flung Into a posthouso
In the hopo that she might become In-
fected with smallpox. "Mother" Jones
Is thero nRoln to nlve battlo to tho
there until humanity waves tho flam of
victory and unionism In tho 8lticrla of
Tho United Mino Workers, with ita
orKnnUntlon of more than 400,000
members, will stand behind-the coal
minors of fftlnrnffn and furnish the
alnewa of war until nrroxant plutocracy In 1hf> (YntMinlnl slate has
iMtrned that human beings are entitled to "life, liberty and the pursuit of
happlnwa."—Mln-tra* Journal.
the coal,-almost indispensable to engineers having to Install boiler or gas-
producer plants In different cities, also
to'railroads and steaniboat companies,
and tolthe engineers' and purchasing
agents of the various Departments bf
the United 'States' Government.
The report Just issued by the iBu-
reau of Mines is in,,two parts, dne giving the methods used in collecting and
analyzing the samples arid the results
of the analyses, and-tho other giving
the exact location from which' each
sample of coal was taken, together
with a description of the'.characteristic features of the coal bed at the
point of sampling, the nominal capacity of the mine, and such notes on tho
•preparation of the coal ns might be
useful to consumers.
Tho data contained in these two volumes is not equalled ln scope nnd detail and in valuo for pompnrative purposes by tho figures that havo been
published by any-other conl-produclng
country In the world, Tho Governments of some of theso countrlos havo
■publlshod analyses of coals from dlfforont mines and from dlfforont districts, but, with fow exceptions, tho
somplos of coal wero not collected
nnd anaylzed undor an uniform sys^
torn that would mako tho results com-
'pnrablo ln all respects; and no country has attempted to publish such a
large number of analyses that would
bo, compnrablo bocauso of tho caro
taken ln collecting nnd analyzing the
Bomplea   ,
iCoplos of this bulletin may bo obtained by addressing tho DIrootor of
tho .Bureau of MlneB, Washington, T),
C.-nTho Conl and 'Coko Operator and
Funl 'Mngaslnp.
\» family nwdr for CcraM «w> C«M«
awii* «t*tt «» fittr* »nd tM* *t «««P
(.22 RIFLE
Only  High   Grade I
kept in stock Satis-
Fernie,     B. C.
*    .No, 23M ,r;
. Meet first .and.third Fridays,
Miners' ^Hall,. Fernie; second
and^fourth Fridays,' Club Hall,'
Coal Creek:" Sick Benefit attached. ■ ■ - ' i T. Uphill, Sec.
Fernie, B. C, ''
No. 2334
Meet, every Sunday afternoon
.at 2 o'clock in CrahanV Hall.
Sick 'Benefit Society attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday.' Sick and'
Accident Benefit Society attached.     ,   *
N. D. Thachuk, Sec.
Canmore, Alta.    , •',
No. 1058
Meet second and, fourth Sunday tn month.  Sick aiid Benefit
,Society attached..
No. 2227 *   /
, Meet every alternate Sunday
at 2.30 p.m. ln the Opera House,
Coleman. ' J. 'Mitchell, Sec.
Box ,105, Coleman.
No. 2497   ;
' •■      *
Meet every Tuesday evening
in the Athletic Hall at 7.30. Sick
■ Benefit Society in connection.
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B. C. „.
'      -   No. 29
■ Meet every Tuesday even,
ing at 7 o'clock In ihe Bank-"
head Hall. Sick and '.Accident Benefit Fund attached.
Frank 'Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
No. 2683
• t
jBIeet every other Sunday, generally second and , fourth, Sundays in the month. -_.-,v   •
'" I   -      -   „J. Johnstone.'Sec."
- No. 2352.   .'...
•Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of.each month at 2 p.m.
in, Slovak Hall.   „Sick. Benefit
■ Society attached. -* 'X    :.
X- ,     Thos. G. Harries, Sec'.'.
Passburg, Alta.' :      . " '
No. 949
Meet every ^second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a'.m.
,ln School' House, Burmis: No
Sick Society.
'• Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.      ' f
No. 2829
Meet  every  first  and   third
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. ■
in Union Hall, Maple Leaf.- No
Sick Society.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 574   . ;
Meet every Wednesday evening at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th
Avenue North. <-. '
L.<Moore, Sec.-Treas.
No. 431
Meet every alternate Sunday
at^2.30 p.m. In the Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec.
Box 36, Bellevue, Alta.
No. 481
-Meet every'Sunday 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Sec.
John A. McDonald
— —rnariNSPBANOE ..',:,:'-
Special Representative    ■'
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 * BLAIRMORE Box 22,
Grand Union Hotel
- COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to, the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-:   . Proprietor
H. G. G00DEVE CO. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furnish your houso from collar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call; Writo, Phono or
Wire.    All   ordors givon   prompt attention,
If you aro satisfied toll othors,   j f not satisfied toll .us
Steam Heated Throughout
J, L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rate* $2.50 perday
VVJUi J <,iv«Ui Ltti'll *fJ),VU
Flro Proof Sample
iwviiiH iu uounecuoo
C. E. J ™
1 t/ivo
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property .9 y,-
Me Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
^Lethbridge, Alta.
' You're always welcome here
Xlean Rooms, Best of
; ,*'.' Food arid every
attention   ,,
THOS. DUNCAN . Passburg
Sold .on the
Merits, of.
Minard's >
P. Garosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
- \
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Liquor Go.
^^^^^  '
, Wholesale ^ealers in ,
■Q *
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay *™B.
Nowhere In the Pass oan be
found In suoh a display of
We have the best money
oan buy of Beef, Pork, Mut<
ten, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Pish, "Imperator Hams'
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welnsrs and 8auer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone Se
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all. kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First olass Horset for 8sle.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
Barton    Phone 78
For out^ Foreign Brothers
Baroni premoga  postopajo z~ delavci
-    istotako kakor baroni bakra,
v Michlganu       '    '
TRINIDAD, Colo,, 27. septi —PrvL
korak barouov premoga v'juznerh Gol-
oradu je bil,'da so poklicali iiiilico'v
dotiCno olvroZje, Ci in se je priCela stav-
ha 8800 premogarjev zadnji teden.
Guverner Ammons sicer se ni dovolil
milice do tega dne, vendar pa mu ni
nl5 --zaupati. 400 pskarjev in profe-
sijonelnlh iibijalcev je ze na lieu mes-
ta, kjer izzlvajo stavkarje na. poboje.
Stavkarji se dr2e trdno. Med-njlmi
je mati Jones, katera .Jlh navdusuje za
boj. Guverner se je neki izrazil, do
bc pr-epovedal mated Jones govorlti
na shodih. Mati Jones je pa odgovor-
ila: "Co misli guverner poslati semkaj
mllico in meni zamaslti uBta, tedaj je
to dokaz, da z njim ni vse v redu. Jaz
ga prezlram! Tako dolgo dokler bora'
mogla' dlhati In dokler me bo Lord
pustll stati na nogali, tako dolgo ne
bom neliala govoriti V korlst zatiranih
rudarjey ln premogarjev."
Michael Drlskoll, lastnlk hotela v
Aguilaru, je bil pred par dnevi na
skrivn'osten nafiin, umorjen. ■ Tamosnji
karoner, kapitallstlCni sluga, bl sedaj
rad ta ■zlo-Sln obesll strajkarjem na_
ple5a, dasiravno niraa niti najmanj-
§ega dokaza za to.-'
■Baroni.premoga iiiiaio svoje privat-1
ne ipoltciste, ki, Cuvajo rove in delajo
zgago/ V Has'tingsu''so policisti ob-
kolill pofito, katera se baje nahaja na
kompa'nijslcem posestvu in ne puste
stavkarjev, ,da bl prejemab pisma in
druge stvarl,
Stavko vodl organizacija United
Mine Workers of America.
Kraljl bakra v -Mftlhiganu so spet
bogatej&l za eno infamijo. Zapovedali
so blapGevskemu sodniku, da naj izda
"injunction" in zgodilo .• se je tako.
Kapitalisti se paS znajo zavedati svoj-
•egarazreda, boljSe— 2aliboze — kakor
delavci.' ■ •    ,
■Ponovni dokaz, da imajo kraljl bakra vso krajevno vladno maSinerijp v
svojem' ifepu. Ljudstvo je volilo §er-
ifa. volilo ga ie v lepl veri, da bo sfcitil
pravice ljudstva. Cegav je serif? Last-
nina" bakrenih baronov!' Cim je iz-
bruhnil Strajk,.poz'val je Serif profesi-
jonelne barabe v Calumet. Ljudstvo
je volilo guvernera. Ljudstvo ga je
volilo — toda izvolili so ga kapitalisti.
Cegav je.guverner? Lastnina bakrenib
barbnov.in' ostalih"industrijelniti car-
jev! "dim je lzbrubnila stavka, -pozval
je guverner mllico v Calumet ia oko-
licor. Ljudstvo je'volilo sodnika'—all
Izvollll'so.'ga baroni bakra zase. In
cesar: ill dosegel Serif z najetimi
"tolovajfilfuverner ,"z vbjakl, doseSi"
mora sodnik z "ind?.unl-:Snom". Kaj se
briga sodnlk, dall.je ipfamni "injunction" v soglasju temeljnih.'zakoivov aii
ne. Kaj se briga hlapCevskl sodnlk,
Ce njegoF Skandalozni "indiunk^n"
naravnost tepta ustavo aii temeljni za-
kon republlke, kl jiimCi vsakemu svobodo govora, zborovanja In paradlran-
ja. Sodnika to ne briga; on je storil
svojo dol2nost;/'*8torll je, kakor mu je
bilo ukazano "od zgoraj'Y kajti edlnl
In najvlSJl sodnlk je Jim MoNaughton
In kar ta refie, tako mora sodnlk sod-
ltl, '   ■        '
'Delavstvo je volilo Serlfa, guverner-
ju'ln sodnika. Z besedo "ljudstvo"
mlsllmo delavstvo, kajtl delaycl v og-
romnl veClnl povsod odlo6ljo Izvolltev.
13o danes Ima delavatvo samo ta prlv-
UeglJ, da "voll" — kapitalistl pa izvo-
Ujo. 'Kapitalistl postavljo kandldate
In delavstvo lepo voll, Jim -McNaugh-
ton In njegova banda rudnlfikih despo-
tov je zadnjIS Imenovala kandldate in
rudarji so Jlh vollll. Vollll so Jlh paC,
toda — lzvolll jlh Jo Jim. In Jim Ima
danes Serlfa, Bodnilm ln guvernerja,
rudarji pa lllmajo nlfi! All vesto sedaj,
zakaj znhtevajo kapitalistl od vas, da
ever capacity—in the work of extinguishing the mine fire at Packer Xo.
5, its sincere appreciation of the earnest, intelligent and'successful efforts
put forth'. The activity 'and enthusiasm displayed was characteristic of
officials and employees alike, and illustrated, once more, the interest and'
loyalty of the organization of which
we are air so justly proud."---The Coal
and Coke Operator and. Fuel Magazine.       '      '   - ,
volite-rep'ublikance in demokrate — in
dobri so tudi progresisti — ? Aii veste,
zakaj ima kapitalist v svoji sluzbi celo
armado 'gladkojeziCnili agentov v duh-
ovniskihiu lajiskih oblekah, ki vam
lazejo in na komando obrekujejo so-
cialisticho feibanje?
gtrajki, kakorSen je-sedaj v bakrc-  S0ME   pACTS   ABOUT  COAL-DUST j
nem okro^ju,, so dobra Sola za tiste
nezavedne delavce, ki vedno samo vol-
ijo na komando sv.qjih rudniskih kral-
jev. Seda-j lahko vidijo, kaj so si izvolili in spoznajo bridko resnico, da so
si sami vrezali -palico, katera jih tako
neusmiljeno .tepe. Sedaj jo cas, da
tudi' spoznajo-, drugo resnico,'- namrec
da mora delavce tudi na politiCuein
polju nastopiti neod\isno, ako hoCe
zmagati na industrijelnem polju. To
se -pravi, da mora delavec ne samo
voliti, temveC tudi izvoliti svoje lastne
ljudji, ljudi iz svoje~ srede, to je ilelav-.
ce v razne vladne urade in zakonodaj-
ne zbornice .ako hoCe, da bo neoviran
In z lahkoto zriiagoval v strajkih. X'a
kratko reCeno: delavec mora, imeti
vlado v svojih'rokah! In to se.bo sgo-
dilo le tedaj,,kadar pride vlada—kra-
jevna, drzavna all narodna — v ' roke
sqcialisticne stranke.
Ce. bi bili delavci v 'Michlganu zadn-
jiC izvolili syojega serlfa, svojega guvernerja in syojega guvernerja in svoj-
bgn, sodnika', to je socialiste, bil bl
Strajk v Copper Country ie davno kon-
Can. Le zapomnite'si to. MogoCe vpra-
The mine ventilating current of air,
in passing over loaded cars, moves
fast, because the oars reduce the space
through which it has tb 'pass. Dust
lying on tht cars js picked up hy the
current and scattered along the entries. Much of the dust falls to the
floor, but some of tho finest and lightest collects on timbers and projections
from the ribs and roof. The latter is
the most dangerous kind of dust, for
unless it is damped any shock may
throw clouds of it into the air, where
it may1 be ignited by a flame or an
electric arc.
The use of tight cars without end-
gates will keep much fine coal from
dropping along the roads. Such cars
are used in most coal mines ln Europe
and in a few pines in this country.
To keep lumps from falling off.the
coal should not be piled higher than
the sides of .the cars. If the cars~are
tight and properly loaded -mutfh of the
dust that now gathers along the haulage roatis will be done away with.
IA good way to keep the air current
Sujete: kako? Ako bi bili vt tern slu- from -brushing fine dust from the tops
Saju kraljl bakra tako predrzni, da bi
zahtevali od soqialisti5nega Serifa, da
naj importira oborofcene barabe v stav-
karski okraj, dejal bi jim socialistic^!
Serif: fcujte, prijatelji! Jaz ne vidim
nobene potrebe za importirane moril-
ce. Ti lopovi samo 'provocirajo nemire
in poboje in ako res ljubite mir in red,
kakor pravite,.potem je boljSe ,da so
AVaddell & Mahonove barabe deset
tiso-5 milj vstran'od Calumeta. Ako so
pa na vsak na5in potrebni pomoZni
Serifi za vzdrzevanje miru katerega bi
vi radi kalili, tedaj bom zaprisegel par
sto strajkarjev za deputije. Strajkarji
imajo sedaj do'sti Casa iiv kot pametni
in mirolubni ljudje bodo ze skrbati, da
vasi "rudhiki ne bodo' trpeli nobene
skode in da'bo'mir" (Tako jeodgovor-
il sodrug Emil Seidel, bivsi socialist-
i5ni 2upan v Milwaukee, nekemu tov-
arnariu in strajk je bil konCan v treh
!Recimo, da! bi se potem carji bakra";
obrnili na socialistiCnega guvernerja'
z^vojaStvo. In ta bi jim zopet odgov-
oril: "Prijatelji, mene so izvolili delavci in' jaz moram gledati v prvi vrsti,
da ugodim njihovim, interesom, a potem Sele pridete vi na vrsto. VojaStvo
je v tern Strajku ravno toliko potreh;
no, kakor vozu peto kolo: VojaStvo ima
drzava vato, da jo varuje sovrazne sile'-
ne pa zato, da bi vam — kapitalistom
— sluzilo za'skebe in uniCevalo straj-
"I Grow Hsiir, I Do"
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A'. Garlow
Still have stat, 53
Kestoreil :it 30.
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A NICE VVLh HEALTHY  head ot hair on a.clean and healthy scalp, Jree
from Irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and Irritable scalp covered
■with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES OX THK SCAM' or an itc^y Irritation Is positive proof your hair '
and scalp Is in a diseased condition, as .scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from ono of the followIngParasticial Diseases" of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea. Sicca, Capitis, *Fetter, Alopecia, pr Exceina)
and certain to result In absolute baldness unless cured before the germ
lias the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness u.nd the losa of hulr Is absolutely unnecessary and very unbecoming. ,
ALL DISli.VSKS OV TUB HAIlt fade away llko dew under my scientific
treatment, and I posltlcly have the only system of treatment so far
Known to scier.cu that is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting- new growth. The hair can be fully restored
to Its natural thickness and vitality on ail heads that still show fine hair
or fuzz to prove the roots are not dead,
I IIAVH A PKHKliCT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment (WHITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full particulars. Unclose stamp mid mention , this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are 'positive' and
"Consult tho Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
A "Ledger" adv. Is an
ke^zgHbite se!"~ y'
MogoCe bi se potem rudniski des-
potje obrnili tudi' na socialistiCnega.
sodnika ■ za miii "indi'unkSii'V Kaj bi
jim ta zabrusil? "Prijatelji, kot sodnik,
za kar me je iz volilo delavstvo, moram
in bom vedno skrbel, da se ustavno
zajamcene pravice' ne kratljo nobene-
mu Cloveku v tem okra2pju. Svoboda
govora, svoboda zborovanja In svoboda hoje po javnlh cestah mora bitl za-
jameena-vsakemu.Cloveku. Vi bi radi,
da jaz denem vaSeakebe pod svoj sod-
niSeit. Nlkdar! Ako ze ho5ete, da.iz-
dam kale "IndiunkSn", bom 'ga Izdal
protl vam, da ne smete nltl enega
Cloveka semkaj Importlratl- lz druglh
krajev z namenbm, da bl skebal, dok-
ler traja Strajk. MarS!"
Tako In ni5 drugace bi bilo tako ln
nl5 drugaSe bo, kadar bodo dolavcl Izvolili svojega Serlfa, svojega, guvernerja In* svoje sodnlke, Danes je*. pa
ravno na robe zato, ken imajo kapitalistl te oblastnike, All dalevcl Imajo Se
svoje • glasove. Volltvo s-q bodo Se
vrfille In takrat lahko delaycl postavU
jo hapitallste pod kap. Zmaga na pol-
ltlBnom polju Jo garanclja za zmago v
vsakl stavkl. — Proletarec.
of loads is to put strong sprays of
ir&ter at .the entrance .to partings or
sidings, so that" the dust will'be washed into tho body of the' car. This
method is used in' some mines In
AVhen a piece of coal hums the carbon and other burnable substances' in
the coal unite with the oxygen of the'
air to form gases and water vapor.
This Union is called combustion.' It is
accompanied by flame and heat, and
the resulting hot gases1 and vapor tend
instantly to take up- many times the
space filled by the ftlece of coal-and
the oxygen needed to burn it.
•A small piece of coal burns quicker
than a large piece, and if a piece of
bituminous or lignite, coal is small
enough it will burn,in a flash. If suspended ih the air so that each particle
has some oxygen near it the burning
of one particle may fire others and the
flame spread through the dust cloud in
an instant. qIf this happens the hot
gases and ,vapor from the' burning
dust-cloud suddenly take up more
room and press outward in all directions;'the mixture of coal-dust and air
explodes.   " '
*■■ The fact that dry pure dust from -bituminous coal, lignite, or asphalt explodes when ignited in .the air has
been proved beyond doubt. Opinions
dlffer_as_.t_o the exact way_injwhich-the;
flame of the explosion spreads. v Some
think that gases given off by the .particles of dust ignite and burn; others
that each particle of coal-dust burns
completely; the fact remains that the
result Is an explosion.-
Dry coal dust, ln air- will explode
whether any inflammable gas Is present or not; but the presence of a small
proportion, less than 1 per cent,' of
methane helps greatly, to start an explosion, or to continue it if a, small
quantity of coal-duet be present.—The
Coal and Coke Operator.
New Fire-Fighting
Tool is Invented
List of Locals District 18
• ii
l or.R
•   i**tni> aec. una p. o, Addreu
iiduMwa*i...... I;'. Wheatloy, 1 lunkhead, Alta,
Hwtver Crook J, Lou«l)ran, Denver Creek, via Pincher, Alta.
Ifellevuo Jamct HurVo, Rox 36, ilollovuo, AJta.
Hlnlrmoro...;...,.....W, L. jUvnins,,Blalrmoro, Alia.
IlurmU T, O, Harrlim, Pnnnburg, Alta,
rtriititi/tixt,  t, «'!-!;.;!;, Ci::.,;;;,:..:., C.,:....„.;, All*.
Cnnmoro.,..: \.S. 1). Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.
Coloman , ;. J. Johnstone, Coleman, Alta.
Corbin J, Jonoa, Corbin, II. C.
Chinook Mlne«....,...„TaB. Ho'tno, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City ,.T, 13. Thornhlll. Diamond City, Lothbrldgo,
Fernie .,,.,'. Thoi, Uphill, Pernio, n. C.
Frank *, V.vnn Moruin, FranV, Alta.
Hosmer.,... W. llalderitono, Uoimer, I), C.
HlllcrcRt .Tfl». flnrlon, Ulllwaf, AVrt,
Lrtthbrtdee U Mooro, ,1731 Sixth Avenue, N. Lothbrldgo.
Lcthbi|(!iw ColllerlM..Frank narrlngbam, Coalhunt, Alta.
.Maple »»t T.xQ. Harrfe*. r««»bur-r, A1U.
Michel... II. Flnier, Michel, IV, C,
Monarch Mines....... Win. Ilrnd, Eicon P. O., Tabor, AHa.     *
FAuburg V. O. Harries, Passburg, Alta.
rtnyni vtnw,,., v rjoo. JqrJau. Uoyal CollUrla. UlUbtldjtft, Alu.
Tabor ...,.,..,., A. Patterson, T»t>er, AlUt
An invention which might perhaps
bo hotter cnllod an adaptation was
mado by n mino workor ln a tomporn-
turo nnd niulor coiulltlpns where a
man could not work moro than twenty
minutes at a stretch when Uio Lohtgh
Vtilloy Coal Company was facing a
loss which mlRht havo amountod to n
qmirtnr of n million dollars onrly In
A clmmbor In the oporatlon known
as Pockor No. ti nt Lost. Crook, Schuylkill county, l'o., omiKlit fire. Tho minor, who wim rohblDK pillars botwoon
tlio.clminbori), plncod Hovornl shots nt
onco to blow down tliu coal, nnd a do-
InVod fuso or promolnro blast, which
roloiiHoil somo of tho Blow-burning: dynamlto, set flro to tho wooden supports nnd thon to tho looso coal. When
not under coniproHHlnn dynamlto
burns and docs not explode.
Tht> situation of thn flro wns particularly hnd, Thc Bourn, twolvo feet
throo Irmlins thick, pltclmd nf an nn-
glo of snvomy-flvo degrees.   Hotwoon
Iti'r.  fIi*r.   tttiil  ll*r,  *.,tt*ff\f.n  n   nM-mlif,-..  r.f
nbnndonnd workliiKS mn IhrmiKh Ihft
soam, Thoir plllnrs had been rohbml
and tho old workings had caved and
breached. Sixty feet,up tho burning
chamber wus nn airway. If Uio flro
rnnchefl thnt nnd tho looso area nbovo
A New Method of-Extracting Some of
the Contents of Such Wood-Waste
retreated, their oyes roddonod and
burning from tho smoke,
Lengths of pipe, hastily sorowed to-
got her, tho head length pointed llko ix
torpedo nnd perforated to distribute
tho wntor In all directions, woro fore-
od through tho debris actually Into the
flames, For tho moment the flro
soomnd chocked; If thoy could only
forco tho wntor plpo a llttlo further,
hut,—at thnt Instant tho head length
struck n solid plooo of' conl. Thoy
IwlHtod nnd punliod nnd wriggled and
pullorl, but to no nvnll,
flnnornl Mnnimor Chnso ennnot
spenk without amotion of the loyalty
nnd dnvotioh of llie men,
"Thoro woro no lives'at-stako," ho
Hium, ".thoro wiih no suntlmimt of thut
kind. Thoyi were not working to save
their brothers; tlmy- wore working
pnroly nnd solely for tho- company, to
Hnvo* us that fonrful loss. Sonioono
suggftstoil blowing tliQ'.broasti so that
Iho burning mntnrlnl would run out on
tho gangway,   '(livo inn a stick of dy-
ttq^ltn        I'll    tnl'l*   r*,    'fthitiii'rt *   f.-»*Jr,,*J    ..
groy-boarwled Irlshmnn.  Of nonriio wo
would nol permit It."
"U wo only hnd a miner's drill ou
thu 1'iid of the nu/.zlo," (jiupud ono or
thu nit'n, HtruKKl.iiK vivluly to (orcu It
forward.   N'o foonni' Huld.Uian done,
v A..J *9..'.j  *\.t.\f9,t,*:. ii*,.t*iS) i,*,;*_ \,tiv.„    i >i*,i mi/.V/m »iir> aiuh'UHvmi iU)U U mill-
to flood the mine. It would Have cost
•$1.1t),000 to Hood tho mine and pump
tlM» water out again, and probnbly
$100,000 moro In repairs to tho rails,
pipes nnd machinery, which tho sulphurous water eats Into llko an ncld.
Official-.* of the company were hurriedly summoned. They found tbe
chamber n rnslng Inferno. It gives a
man pause to Issuo nn order which
mny cost hit company n quarter of a
million dollars. Chutes wero stairted
through the pillars to pais the tire, in
order to head It off below the airway.
Shifts of twenty men each -rould work
only twfeuly mluulo* m n itm* in th«
heated, smoky atmosphere. Then thoy
A large English company has "recently commenced the commercially
successful production of acetone and
fusel oil from sawdust by, a simple
process of fermentation. From these
two products laopreiio can be derived,
which latter can be changed Into rub-
'bor, merely by allowing lt to llo In
contact with a small quantity of the
metal BOdlum, This synthetical rub-
bor vulcanizes readily and compares
favorably with the natural product ln
resllonco, durability and price.
Acetone Is used in the manufacture
of cordite, and fusel oil Is used In tho
manufacture of artificial leather cloth.
Previously It was chiefly obtained as
a by-product In the manufacture of
whisky, brandy and vodka, but by this
now process It cnn,now ho extracted
much moro choaply. making possible
tx lnrgo profit. It Ir calculated that
thoso by-products. of Bawdust aro
worth almost ?100 n ton, As It tiil^s
only ton tons of Bawdust to ylold a ton
of thoso valuable constituents, tho re-
BiiHiint profit Is obvloUR.
In:*'Buropo, with Its densely populated regions contiguous to tho fore-Ms,
tho elimination or wood-wnsto In nn
oconomlo*. essentiality, nnd hencn
methods hnvo boon ovolvod which, In
BOniO CI1B0B, miltou ovon iho IlillVnH
nnd root* of trees. Whilo this Ih not
OHSoiitl.il in Am-ui'lca, at prewuit, It Is
desirable to rrdiipo thn waste which
takes plnoo In the dlfforont processes
of transforming the standing timber
Into finished product, which amounts
to something like fifty \x.t cent of thc.
total volume of the tree. To this end,
the Canadian (lovemmoiu Is establishing* a fully equipped Wood Products
Laboratory at McClll University In
charge of Mr. A. 0. Mclntyre, ll. A„
.». Be., under whoso direction experiments will he ronducted to discover
now uses for common tlimiHimn trees
mnt (ni (i"J uii>i;ii-iiji'o '(•>»•• ■'•**n "•
gawdust and otlur forum of wiihIo
wood which now represent a money
loss to the country of millions of dollars annually.
nr's drill, with Its three uneven cutting
prongs, welded ou the ond, and thtu
equipped it cut Its wny through tho
heart of the fire, liy setting upon tho
suggestion a new wenpon has boon
found with which to right fires: the
thin in wliitt .*,i>. *t|> tti then n doubt-
ful flKht whs turned, and tho company
w;u unveil fniii. tlu: potuibUUy.of u
tremendous I<>m.
The following letter was sent by F.
M. Chase, Vice President and tlenernl
Manager of the compans. ti> l\» *m\nis
Kiiperlntendent, with ths request Mhat
It b© postod at the colliery;
"The MnnnEemHii Amirtn \o ronvey
to all those who took part—In what-
Htnto fit Ollln, rlty iif Tnli'il". \
UifM* i.'imnty, j **•
Prank,.!. Cheney nrnki-v ;':itli ilirii In-
|m Ni-iitui- jmi-iin-r iif Hi" r ii" uf v, .1.
fflti-nev A <''».. iIkIi'm: inifli"M< In the
r*Hv of Tnlnln, (Vnmtv mul Stulc iif,n«-
grtlil, nml tlmt *«!<), firm win i",V' »'*'.'.
niim of ONK IIUNMHJKIi 1'iH.I.AKS tnr
, III ll    illlll    <   HIIV    I'ilM      "t     •   .,■,■•■.-.■     *-J*\
cannot l>» mreii hy tin' ti»-' "' hai.i^h
r'AT.MtlUI.MMlK,^.^   ,   ,., IV
Hwnrn 1" l»-tiiii' tm   'ii-l "-,1, "i''"'
In my wrom-nro, thi« «Hi •!»> ■■» l'i«'•"">"
lm. J\. \*. \t*t*H,
(HcftU A.  W. ill.i:VKi.N
11   Nntnt't   l-'ii'tl'1
IUHV Cafurtli  Cui'r  tt  iii-'i)   l-ii'-r-
! tiitlly hikI nctx .tlC'itly m>>". ""  Mmh'
j i*n*l  miiet}H*\ip  ♦■it'**'.-*  -f   ■'•    »>■■■'»m
I H^nil fr»r tMifmnnlniH, (nv.
f     i"  t  r?nr:vr'v .'• '"•■   '•' "
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Help
Call in and
see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocua In
This Lumber Business   ,
When you vrahi spruce we do not
send you hemlock.     "When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls.   Those who buy once from
us always come again.     Those who .
have not yet made our acquaintance ,
are taking chances they wouldn't en-, .
counter if they bought, their lumber ;
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mcuidlngt,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G, N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23. ' i
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,025,000
Reserve and Undlvld- Tota) AtMtg     72,000,000
ed Profit       8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President        HON. nOBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pras.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Qold  en,  Kamloops,  Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Vietorh,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from data of deposit.
SIR EDMUND WAI.KKIl, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
Genernl Mnnniftr AiiUtnnt General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000        REST, $12,500,000
The Canadian Hunk nf Commerce, by reaunn of Ita largo numbor of branch*! In
every Province of Canada, with direct lepresontation In London, Knu„ Naw York,
8an FrancUco, fleattlt, Portland, Ore., Mexico and Ht. Jnhn'a Nflcl., with Afjenta and
Correspondents in ovory patl of the world, is ablo \a offer unsurpassed facilities ta the
travelling public, enabling them to obtain money In tho simplest way at any point on
their journoy tho world over. The Travellers' Cheques and Letter* of Credit inmiacl
by this Rank overcome the annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
In placis whoro lilentlflcatbn Ih difficult.
Cheques and Drafts on all the countries of the world, drawn In surltngt franca,
'".fit-:', t!rp, I'f-r.rr., t'.c , err-. V: ra:'.;vi -.-. *j--f;l.u*i:A. i*', '.ii..-.r..\\t :-'.:z. ^,m
I. A.  Z. DACU,  MaMurr. rcHNT   DUAKCJI
-RoW by nil t»rujri.'!.-i«
Take Ha     "   "
Take ItaU'a Kamllv mi*- !"• < ■'■--":
Home dank »f Canada
A Joint Arcount with thn Home. Hunk W n very convenient
arrnnKt'nu'nt (**r it mun and hi1, wifn, as tlm *ilVt may ih-posit
or v,:tli It >'*v m,*ivy in »!i.« ;.!i*,-n.-.' -sf h.'f li.ivh.-inil nm! tli**
hu«lt,ind n-.tv nt tin* miw turn' njvr.ili.- tlm nfcmint «• il it
tt-i-ri" in Ims  pi*r»H'i:il ii;ii;ii- ■ nlv. »•"
vea^ -in.-* .no  Trtn-TlWTft    JAMCB MASON
• i^»f:o..T» in    I UnviN I v    oniwi-.tf«nt««
J. Te MACDONALD, Manager
■'"'-   'V : \x. $0ki,:x ^yAi- A.:'s'a\,    '7 .i:^yAyAAx'xAA7^^y^X'7l77^X..7 ■«' .,  ^v; ' v-Vi?/^;i4;^^v^.'Ti;--'A^/vf%\\r*'V''1 ,':;'''
'"*    '■Xr„y7y-Aiypf^~*-i-;S<
: *?l'\.-)'^r S.'^SyX?'-
tiy- Ay;. .A'A* "•-
Our Ladies'
"With border neatly hemmed ancl finished "with
ties. ." ..
Saturday Special, each  .- 25c
Our stock of Table Linens, Napkins and fancy
Linen Table Decorations is larger and better than
■ ever before.   "We have all the new designs for
Thanksgiving and the holiday season.
Table Linens, from 45c to $1.75 per yard
Table Napkins from $1.25 to $10.00 per doz.
Fancy Centres from 40c to $5.00 each.
Hem Stitched Cloths with Napkins to match,
from $5,00 to $18.50 per set.
Eeal copies of Scotch Tartans, all fast colors and
exceptionally good wearing qualities.
Special per yard   25c
Comes in Sky and Navy, Tan and. Navy, Cardinal
and Navy, Cardinal and Brown. They are 27 inches
wide and priced at, per yard  40c
Boot and Shoes
To make a good appearance on the street a lady"
must be wearing a stylish-made Shoe. We have just'
received a few nice lines in both button and lace.
The following are some of the latest. ,
"Women's Tan-Calf Lace Shoe, medium width toe
and low heel, all sizes 3 to 6.   Price  ■ $5.00
'   Women's Tan Calf Lace Shoe, round toe and me- .
dium heel.   Price 1 $4.75
Women's Tan Button Shoe, cloth top, all sizes
2% to 6.   Price $5.75
Women's Tan High Cut Button Shoe, suitable for
Fall and'Winter wear. - Price $6.00
Por a me'dium-priced Shoe our Women's'Gun
Metal Button Shoe at $3.50 is good value. The Lace
Shoe in Gun Metal sells at the same-price. For those
that like the Lace Shoe better our $3.00 Lace Dongola Shoe with medium wide toe and heel is good
style.   All sizes 2V2 to 6.
Men's $2.50 Coat Sweaters for $1.75 Saturday.
These are good heavy Wool Coats with large shawl -
and turn-down collars.   Brown and Grey combinations.   Saturday only at $1.75.
Men's Roll Neck Sweaters, all colors, Saturday
at $1.50.
Men's V-neck Sweaters, all color combinations,
special at $1.50.
Men's and Youths': Overcoats
■ - \ ■ s*. x-'.y   \*  y■''".'-r   v
Men's and Youths' Heavy Tweed Overcoats with
< ■' the new shawl collar, arid- convertible" collar, also
'   fur collar, at $15.00/ $16.50 and up to $25.00.
,   .    Boys' and Child's Overcoats made from Heavy
Tweeds, lined with heavy farmer's satin.or flannel,
made in the new. belted back, style, with shawl or'
convertible collars.   Look, through our range of
'     Boys'Coats on-display in the Clothing-Department.   -;
•„?' ' .We will price these for Saturday selling at $4.50, ,
-     $5.50, $6.50 and $7.50. '
Our Groceryxy
Boys' .Coat Sweaters with pockets and collar.
•$1.50, $1.75 and up to $2.75. ;
• Boys' Plain Roll Neck Sweaters, all colors, 75c
and up to $2.50 each.
We carry,the finest productions of the following
Sweater manufacturers:
Dr. Jaeger Woollen Co., Monarch, Knitting;
Harvey Knitting Co., The Knit to Fit Co., Vancouver Knitting Co. and Acme Co.
A large variety of the best and latest ideas in
Sweaters will be found here.
Prices run from $1.50 to $10.00 each;
Konverto Overcoat
j      9 . , -.
Patented March u, 29x0. ,   ''
Jl desirable coat for fine or sidrmy weather.
Specials for Saturday
Tetley's Yellow Label Tea, regular 50cpcr 1&   .30.
,.   Tetley's Green Label Tea; regular 60c per lb.
3 lbs. for ..,'....;.. 1.00
2 in 1 Shoe Polish *.."-....".... 3 for. t25
Gilt Edge Shoe Polish per bottle   .25
Rolled Oats- >  8 lb. sack   .25
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground .... 2 lbs.   .85
Blue Funnel Catsup ........V.... pint,bottles   .25
Snyder's Catsup . ..' pint bottles   .30
"Apricots," 2 lb tins- . 2 for  ".35
Clover Leaf Salmon per tin . .20
, ' Robin Hood Flour 98 lb; sack 3.25
Swift's Pure Lard 5 lb.'tins   .85
Armour's Shield Ham per lb.   .26
Queen Quality Pickles  20 oz.   .25
Siam Rice ... ,•.. '..;'.'. 4 lbs. • .25
. Baby's Own, Soap per box   .25
Van Camp's Soups .7... A.  2-tins   .25
Kelowna Tomatoes :'. ".'.. 2 lb. tins   .10
Standard Peas.......;'. - -2 tins   .10-
Sweet Wrinkle Peas 2 tins   .25-
Yeast Cake ...."../.:'. 6 for -.25
Krinkle Corn Flakes .. .-...■ ., '2 packets . .15
Cocoanut ...' „ .'.:...<■..,. per lb.   .25,
Cowan's Cocoa ..'  a.. 1 lb. tin   .45
Lowney's Cocoa .....'. '.;.: y% lb. tin   .20
Mrs. Stewart's,Liquid Blue ....: 2 pints   ,j25
St. Charles.Cream '. , family size   .10
Lyman's Talcum Powder .... AA. ,s..: 2 tins   .35
Beecham Pills .".  per packet : .20
Men's, Youths', Boys' and Children's Overcoats
" 'and Sweaters will be on sale Saturday at very .attractive prices.
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
The Corporation of the
City of Fernie
BY-LAW NO. 140
A By-law to negotiate an Agreement granting certain concessions
and privileges to Joseph I-l. Frankel, of the City of Fernie, in thc
Province of British Columbia,
"WHEREAS the Municipal
Council of tho Corporation of tho
Cily of Fernio has thc power to
pass a By-law for negotiating an
Agreement granting certain concessions and privileges to Joseph
II. Frankel.
AND WHEREAS tlio said Joseph II. Frankel has made application to tlie snid Municipal Council
Cor certain exemption from luxation and certain concessions, and
in consideration thereof lias
agreed to erect and iiiniiitiiin an
abattoir nnd cold storage pi imt in
tho City of Fornio.
AND WHEREAS il has been
doomed expedient to nogotinlo nn
Agreement granting kucIi coneen-
HionH and privileges to tho mud
Joseph IT. Frniikol.
AND WIIHUKAS it, in ikicok-
wiry for tlio purponn aforesaid
Unit the, Klni'loi'H of llie City of
Kornifl Khali jihkoiiI. to such Agree-
111 ont.
NOW TFIKHl'JKORK llm Municipal Council of tlio Corpora lion
of tho Cjty iif I'Vrnic, iu Council
UHHomblcd, (MinolH iih J'oIIowh:—
1. That the Mayor and I he
Clerk of llie Corporation of tlio
City of Fernie ho and .thoy aro
horohy authorized on behalf of Iho
Corporation of tlio City of Fornio
to oxecuto a certain Agreement
".','.'' ■ !; l"v.".'ii llie fV:'rvn,.,!,.li',n "f
Iho City of Fornio of tho f!r«t pnrt
nnd Joseph TT. Frankel of the hoc-
ond pftrt to ho d ft tod tho dny on
which this By-law -slmll tnko effect,  which   snid  Agrocmcnt  iH
*r*t,**lr,i,]    " \ •»    rin    till*   firot    WlffO
thereof nnd a truo copy of such
Agreement Ik published herewith,
nnd to ultnch tho Corporate Benl
of tho Corporation thoreto.
2. Thw By-law may ho cited
for nil purpnsoM tm "Tho Jowpli
H. Frankel CoiiooHnion By-law,
3. This By-lnw hIiuII como into
force nnd tnko effect on the Kiefh-
. teenth dny of October, A. 1). 1913.
Itond n first, second nml third
time nnd passed tho Twenty-ninth
dny of Hcptcmbcr, A. J). 1913.
TAKE NOTICE that tho above
is a true copy of the proposed Bylaw upon which the vote of the
Municipality will be talien at the
Council Chamber, City Hall, Fernie, B. C;, on tho Sixteenth day of
October, A, D. 1913, botwoon tho
hours of ten o'clock in tho forenoon and eight o'clock in the afternoon.
Dated at Fornio, B. O., October
1st, A. D. 1913.
City Clerk.
THIS INDENTURE made In duplicate tlio day of
/.. IJ. 3013.
CITY OP PBRNIK, for its-nlf, Ub hiio
coBBors nml assigns, liorolnnftor called
of Pornlo, In tho Province ot .British
Columbln, 'Merchant, horolniiftor call--
od the "Purty,"
WlliaiiTflAS tho Party of tho Second
Part Ib doBlroiiB ol orootlng nnd opor-
ntlnB nn up-to-dnlo Abattoir.on Wock
Forty-Pour (II) within tho HinltH of
tho City ot Fornlo, and ling mndo nn
application to tho Bald Cily to Krnnt
lilm certain prlvlloRos nnd conconslonu
u horolnnftcr act forth.
AND WnraRWAS It nas boon doom-
od oxpcdlont to nogotinto nn ngroa-
.iiuin fcOJ-uiiJift nui.ii lilt'iiivuvu itll if COU-
ri"\Mom; to iho Vurly L'S llit Swwj-d
Part upon tho tcrniH nnd conditions
an horolnnftor not forth.
tho validity of mich nRroomont that
*i., .t*•.....,. ,* ti . t„t.. .»1*. . 1    1  ,,
.,. ■.    *.tt.*..9.'l    .44    >,.*   ■     V-**.^     \49    .   V....-W    -vfe.U.k
anient lo tamo in manner provided by
tho Munlolpal Act and nmondmontB
ANI) WHRRHAS the nnld nloctorn
havo so aisontod.
NftSSBTH that In consideration or tho
prcmlMR nnd of tho covenants horcln.
after conlnlned tho «nld City hnroby
covenant* with tho aald Party of tho
Second Part, and tho Party or tho Second Part hereby covenanta with tho
aald City aa follows:—
1. Thu Parly of the Socond Part
will forthwith upon tho signing and
sealing of ■ these." presents' purchase
from the Government of the Province
of British. Columbia, Block Forty-Four
(44) ln the Townsite of Fernie Annex,
Plan 734A.*»" '■"•'    •,'-"■
2. The Party of the Second Part
will erect on said Block Forty-four
(44) within the limitH of the City of
Fornle, an up-to-date abattoir and cold
storage plant, the, building for such"
abattoir and plant to be in measurement not less than sixty by eighty
feet, with a full concrete foundation
and basement and to have-a one-story
superstructure, with brick veneer
throughout such superstructure, the
cost of such building' witli Its equipment to bo about Twelve Thousand
Dollars ($12,000).'
3. Tho Party of the Socond Part ls
to have such building sufficiently ad-
vancod In construction and entirely
covered In to commence tho business
which ho Intends to carry on, by the
Socond day of July, A. D. 1914, and
will commence buslnoBB fully equipped
not later than said date and will have
tho building fully completed and brick
veneered not later tlian tho 36th day
of Octobor, A. D. 1914.   '
•1. Tho Party of "tbo Second Part
from tho Flr»t dnyvpt July, A. D, 3014,
for a period of six years Is to maintain
nnd oporato tho snid abattoir ns a going concern, agreeing to lmvo at no
tlmo during tho Bald porlod loss- than
six paid employees domiciled within
tho HmltB of tho city of Fornlo,
5. Tho 'Party of tho Socond Part 1b
to build at or boforo tho First day of
July, A. D. 1014, or at Bitch earlier dato
ns ho may etnrt to operate, n movoii
foot bourd fen co n round tho cntlro
Woolc with tho oxcoptlon of tho north-
wost Hide, which rncoB directly on iho
proBont trades of tho Groat Northern
Railway now running In tx northoaBtor-
ly hy northorly direction, and will
malntnln tho «ntd fonco during the
Bald porlod In good condition,
0. Tho Party of tlio Socond Part Ih
not at any tlmo to corry on any for-
Milling buBliiosB on tho said proporty
nnd to obBorvo from tlmo to tlmo tho
Hfinltary rogulatlona that may bo laid
down hv thrt H*nlHt Offlrnr fnr tho
timo bolng of tho City of Pornlo during tho term heroof. ,        '   ■
7. In consideration ot tho snid cov
onantB and conditions being performed from -tlmo to tlmo and at all tlmon
hv tho PnrtV hf>r.Mf> of thn flornnrt
Part, tho aald City hereby covenants
na follows:-'
(a) To exempt Block U aforoiald
nnd nl) ths Improvamonta to bo orocted
by tho aald. Party of tho Socond Part
thoroon Including any buildings which
ho might be actually using from time
to llmrt for tho housing of hlmaftlf or
lilg omploy«es or while snch buildings
•hall bo valiant, from Municipal taxation of any nature, for A period of six
yoar* from tho first day of January.
A. D. 1914, but auch exemption not to
extend to any buildings which might
bo ercet*d tborcon and used for tbo
housing of people other than the Party.
of the Second Part and his employees.
(b) To furnish the.-.Party of the
Second Part with a free-and sufficient
water supply for six years, not to exceed four thousand (4000) gallons per
day, from the. second, day of July, A.
D',.1914, such supply to be used by the
Party of the Second PaW for his abattoir and cold' storage'lbuslnes8",and for
any. houses whlcji may be erected on
the said promises whilst, they are actually being occupied by tho Party of
the Second Part or his employees.
(c) To allow the Party of the Sec
ond Part to use tho sower adjoining
Block 44, for a period of six years
from the second day of July, A. D.
1614, but tho Party of the 'Second Part
Ib to himself mako and maintain all
connections betweon tho sewer as now
laid and tho placo whore ho wishes to
use tho sower, and at no tlmo will the
Party of tho Socond Part allow any
material to go Into the 'sowor which
would ibo llkoly to block It up,
(d) To exempt tho Party of tho
Socond Part from .tho second day'of
July, A. D.,1934, for ti porlod of six
yoars, from tho Ono Dollar por month
por horso powor charge now In forco
In tho City of Fornle for tho users of
powor, nnd to grant tiiel'arty'of tho
Socond Part a rato for* powor purposes
tho pamo as to Its most favored cub-
tomors, on Iho basts of tho scale from
tlmo to tlmo In forco In' tho City of
Fornlo. ** ■
(0) The City horoby coiiBontB to
tho Pnrty of' tho Socond Part, constructing a lovol crossing from tha
Croat Northern Railway,, In to Rlock
41, and agrees to lond Its assistance
at all tlmoB to tho Party of tho Second
Part, with tho Railway CoinmlBHlon or
othorwlso, so that suoh crossing may
ho constructed but thp Party of tho
Socond Part Is to pay all oxponsos.ln
connection therewith.
(f) The Party of tho Socond Pnrt
Bhall have thn right to clono In the
Inno at prosont In Block 41, and should
tho Party of tho Socond Part at Any
tlmo roqulro it tho Cily shall tnko tho
iKicossary Hlopa to havo tho Inno legally closod, but at tlio cxponso of Iho
i'HUy ot tne .-second Part. Until such
hiiti li, iiiu,>uil, nad hhimlU iiiy.ll lull*) bt;
legally closed, tho title ihoroto «hall
remain In (ho aald City and tho City
shall havo the right of Ingress, ogress
nnd regress nt nil tlraos for tho pur-
,rub\;   ul   iDUUK   -X*   **)l,\st   MUU   ttfclei
mains going through tho snid Blook,
and tho Party of tho Socond Part will
at no tlmo during tho term of this
agroomont construct anything on tho
said proporty which will In any way
Interfere with tho anld mains or sow-
«rs and nothing that will prevent Uio
snid City frnm full rights of Ingrcsa,
egroso and regress,'ilnlHho P.iirty of
tho Second Party sh*U hive tho right
to kMip said <ane closed so long as he
shall contlnuo to operate said abattoir
and did ttoraro plant as woll after
tha wplrntlon or thw said term of six
yoars as during tho aald term.'
8. The failure of the Party of" the
Second Part to observe aiij; or all.bf
the covenants herein contained shall
warrant the said .City In forthwith terminating, this agreement,'by giving to
the' Party of the Second Part a notice
in writing, either delivered to the
Party of the Second Part or posted on
the sald< premises stating'that such
agreement Is■" determined ;,and thereupon all;, concessions Vor privileges
hereby granted, to the ^.Party of th$
Second Part -.shall cease.
AND AGREED that these -presents
and everything therein contained shall
respectively enure to tho benefit of
and be binding .upon the parties hereto, thoir heirs, executors, administrators, successors, and assign^ respectively.
City hon caused tho corpbrato sonl
thereof to bo hereunto annexed nnd
the slgnaturo of tho Mayor and the
City Clerk thereof to bo ho'roundor
wrltton and tho Party of tho Second
Part has signed his namo and affixod
hit] seal, the dny and year first abovo
wrltton. , -
In the prosonco of
PUIUjKJ NOTICE is horohy Riven to tho electors of tho Municipality of the City of Fornio thnt I
require Uio prosonco of tho snitl
oloetors nl tho (Council Chnnihor,
Oily Hull, Fornio, B. C„ on tho
Sixteenth dny of October, A. D,
101H, between tho hours of ten
o'clock in the forenoon nnd eight
o'clock in tho afternoon for tho
purpose of voting on By-law No.
140, being a By-law to' authorize
the" Mayor and City Clerlj, on behalf of the Corporation of the City
of Fernie, to execute, and'attach-
the seal of thc said Corporation to
a certain agreement between thc
said Corporation of the' City of
Ferriie • and Joseph H, Frankel,
which said proposed By-law and
agreement are published herewith;
of which every person is hereby
required to take notico and govern himself accordingly.
• Given under my hand at Fernie'*;
B. 0., this first day of October, A.
O. W. ROSS,   ..
.Returning Officer.
Mrs. C, J, Minton, daughter of Mrs.
J. Tyson, loft for Courtenay Thursday
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
FOR SAL15—Cheap, uncalled for Suits,
-, Pants,' OvercoatsT Vests and Ladles'
' Coats. PantorlyK Tallbra, over Mc-
'  Lean's Drug S^ ' . 84 '
'FOR    SALE-^Household    Furniture.
Apply   next    Canadian , Boarding
„. House, Pellatt ,7,venue East.
WANTED—-Engineer wUh B. C. first
class papers;  nuist be thoroughly-
■- competent, rell^le and sober; good
wages. Apply, giving references, to*
Box 1175 Fernie, B. O. 72
One way, to bo happy—como to tho
Gafeterlan Dinner (pay for wliat you
eat) at the Presbyterian 'Church, Oct.
2!) and 30.
Mr. J, Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano,
and Organ
Pupils Prepared for
Apply for torma to
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St.
SALE OR EXOFjANOE (part cash)—
■ 160 acreB hoi^/steaded, fenced, situ-
atod 4 mllei^rora O. T. P, town.
(Threo HIllB.'Alta.), 8 miUob from G.
P. R. town (^cmo), about 65 miles
north enst ot Calgary, on G. T. P.;
tiplendld ■wtioat or mlxod farming'
land; 80 acres under .cultivation;
distriot one of tho best in Alberta.
For particulars apply H. A., Box 380,
Fernlo, B. C. 78'
LOST—Dog; Monday on 4 p.m. train,.
Coal Croolc; black and brown half-
bred dashohund;' answers to namo
of, "Toddy," Anyono harboring samo
will Iio prosecuted, PorBbn giving
Information to h. Morton, Coal'
Crack, or pollco, whioh will load to
recovery, will bo rowordod,    ,   70"-
FOR SALE—8 roomod houso on Mc-
-Phereon Avenue; eiiBy tonus.   Apply to Wm. Wlnstanloy, P. O. Box
488, Fornlo, B. C. 74
MINHRS LOOK—Evory mnn who has.
a wlfo Bhould also havo a homo on.
a fruit farm In Croston, .You can
buy as good land as thoro Is In Ti..
0, from R. Lamont, Croston, B, C.
Only (imnll payments required." 82'
0, B. Croston (grown on my own
property),  -Write mo your best offer.   R. Lamont, Croston, II, O,    81
2 Reel "KING BAflOOTT" Imp. „
The Vengeance of the Skystohe
2 Reel "101" Bison.
In the Toils of the "Devil"
8 Rotls.
Fortune's Pet
"Eclair," 3 reels
*       Clarendon
lBngllsh, 3 reels.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items