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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-05-31

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IndtiiitKai vnity is Strength.
'^    Ju« 3Q-X2 i
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 41, Vol. VI.
$1.00 A YEAR.
Jury Blames Fire
Boss for Cause of
Death of Miner
■ At the adjourned inquest held In
Lethbridge last Friday, at the Mounted
Police Barracks, over- the death of
Sam Popovitch (whose death was reported iii"last week issue), a'verdict
was brought In by the jury to the effect that Popovitch'came by his death
through the premature' fifing of a
blasting shot and'that there was carelessness en.the part of James Carson,
- the shot lighter or flro boss.
Af ten'; tho inquest'Carson was detained by the Moutned Police on a
warrant charging manslaughter. He
was released on bail and will have a
preliminary hearing on Monday morning before C. H. West, J.P.
The inquest was presided over by
Coroner A. E. Humphries. Evidence
was given by Thos. O'Donnell, mine'
manager, and J. D. Keith, pit boss,
explaining the modus operandi of the
firing of shots. Carson gave evidence
to the effect that before firing; ihe
shot he had examined the plaoo with
Popovitch and left tho latter tn connect up the wires and went to the
next entry where his batteries were.
He heard some one cry "Fire!" and
saw a light at the point wbera he
expected to see Popovitch. He thought
it was Popovitch who called aiid hn
thereupon called "Fire!" in reply and
turned the-key that fired tlie shot.
He did not enter the place aga'n as
er shots to fire ,and never doubted for
a minute but that everything was all
■Mine Inspector James Stirling and
Acting-President Jones of District 18,
XT. M. W. of A., gave evidence regarding the A'bn-ta Mining Regulations
and showed that Carson had disobeyed the provisions of tho Mines Act In
not making absolutely sure, that the
place was "safe' when he fired, and
also In not going Into and examining
the place aftor he had fired the shot.
Several'-' miners gavo evidence regarding the finding ,of's
body and to where they were standing
at the time of the firing of the shot.
Tbe jury wac composed of Ed. Pulley, foreman, Georgo Coutts, Jacob
Walton, William Grant, Samuol La
Felts, Guy Roy, and was only out a
short timo beforo arriving at a vor-^
diet of carelessness on the part of'
James Carson Committed for Trial for
LETHBRIDGE, May 29.—Testimony
at tho preliminary honrlng ot -Tamos
Carson, who Is charged with manslaughter in connection with tho death
of Samuel Popovitch at the Lethbridge
Collieries on the 20th of May, was
pretty much a repetition of that given
at • the inquest, where a verdict of
death caused by a premature explosion was rendered. C. H. West,. J.P.,
after hearing the evidence, formally
charged the accused, who had nothing
to say. - He was then committed tor
trial at the next sitting "of the court
having criminal jurisdiction In Lethbridge.
Dr. James McCracken, of Coalhurst,
gave evidence that he had examined
,the body of Popovitch just after the
accident, and had; found the right half
of the victim's ja wcarried -away, and
a portion of the right half of his neck
torn open and partially fidded with
coal dust and a bit of iron wire. The
doctor thought that the wounds in
question were sufficient to cause
death, and did not examine the body
further. He was also of the opinion
that death could have been caused by
an explosion.
The Mine Manager
Thomas O'Donnell, mine manager
was called to the stand, and briefly
described three different methods of
placing and firing a shot
He stated that he did'not give personal instructions to the fire boss,
Carson, previous to the explosion in
question, but it was understood that
fire bosses were also governed' by the
instructions in the Mines Act. He
not having examined the entry in
which Popovitch was working, previous to switching on the current
which fired the b'last, was that he had
several other shots to make, and as
he had. heard the. shout "Fire!" and
seon a light In the entry, which he
thought was Popovitch's, he had not
deemed It necessary to examine tho
spot, thinking that Popovitch was in
a placo of safety.
He also stated that Carson had instructed Popovitch to go to Mike Joy-
man's entry for safety.
The Pit Boss
John D. Keith, the pit boss, testified
regarding the Instructions on the day
of tho fatal blast.
Thomas Hatton, pumpman, and
Mike Joyman, minor, gavo testimony
Blmllnr tb that at, tlio Inquest. Sergeant Wade, of the R.N.W.M.P,,, who
took notes at tho Inquest, was called, but tho attorney for tho defence
objected to questions regarding tho
evidence taken on that occasion. Mr.
West granted the pbjeo);Ion, and tho
accused waB commlttod.
Conybeare, Church and McArthur
aro tho prosecutors for tho crown,
and Colin Macleod, of Macleod, counsel for tho defence,
CARDEMONE versus C. N. P.
This Is a test case bringing before
the courts the matter of the snow-
slide which occurred at Coal Creek
on the 30th of last December. There
is riot much law available as to the
liability of companies on account of
snowslides, and the final disposition
of this case will settle the law on this
very important principle.
The case came on for hearing before a special jury on Friday, 23rd,
and after the plaintiff's case had been
heard- Mr. Justice Murphy .expressed
the. opinion .that. hib cohsidered."'that
there was not sufficient evidence to
let the case go the jury. He'finally
decided to, let the case gd"'before: the
jury, but in view of his expressed opinion in the presence of the jury a dismissal of the action was allowed by
counsel acting for the plaintiff, and
an appeal will be taken from the opinion of His Lordship.
W. A. Macdonald, K.C., and A. Mac-
Neil for the plaintiff.
P. E. Wilson and J. J. Martin for the
CULSHAW versus Cl N. P.
This appeal came up for hearing before. His Lordship and on.account of
!the press of timo .it wasVcletermined-
that .Counsel send in, written argu-
ments and let be disposed :o"f
in th'at'-'way. .  '■■ ■"■'*'' --.,,     ■■>-   -   -
. .A-Special Meeting, of the Executive Board• was-:
'.held at Frank on Thursday. The first matter to be
dealt with was the nominations for the ensuing election of District President. Ex-President-Stubbs,
with a majority of, the nominations, and J. E. Smith
were the only two nominees and arrangements were
made to place their names on ballots according to
the Constitution for the election which will be held
on Oth June; ' -       !
The next matter under consideration ,was the)
reports of the majority (Prank Farrington, chairman, and Wm. Lees) and the minority (T:''.France)
re the charges preferred by Stubbs againit Board
Member .Gray.
The majority report ■ of Farrington and Lees
found Gray guilty in all the four charges, whilst the
minority report exonerated him. Reports were
received by the Board and action deferred until)
next Board meeting.    These reports will appear in
Letter of Sheriff Davis, of Fayette
County, Has the Right Ring, and
the Bludgeon and Black-Jack Shall
Be Relegated to the Rear—All per-
sons Shall Keep Within the Pale
of"the Law'., X-Kr^- y Ay
,   y ,: , |,ayette'ville;,W.;'Va'.,   A7-'-:
'■' 'X'^     ; .■■■. '. j!ay 2-ft ]f)i3
Mr, Tliomas Haggerty;
Charleston, West'Virginia.
Deai Sir,—   ■
. An''attempt is being made to organize a miners' union in Fayette
county, and. as serious ' difficulties
have heretofore been encountered by
your organization in its attempts to
organize,, and as trouble is constantly arising over this question, I want
to make myself clear both to your
organization and to the coal operators.
It is ray intention to endeavor to
rir.niain peace and order and uphold
the law under all circumstances, and
no violations of the law will be permitted if the same can be avoided by
myself and deputies. I belieVe the
miners have the same right to organize as any other class of professional or laboring men, and so long
as they stay within the pale of the
law it shall be my policy to give them
absolute protection.
I notice that His Excellency, Governor Hatfield, has declared against
the operation of the Baldwin Guard
Agency,'which has proven a menace
to tne, coal sections of this state
heretofore. I am in hearty accord
with his ^policy.     I do not believe
the^coal  companies  have- the  right
club  their workingmen into sub-
West Virginia
West Virginia, tho Siberia   of   the I Berger Arrives at Charleston—Starts
United States, is to be Investigated by I       Work at once—Two Editors
Congress.    Senator Kerns of Indiana
Belgian Syndicate
Buys Taber Mines
Big Development   In   Sight  In  Coal
TABIfllt, May 28.—Sovoral vory Important conl doals which will moan
much for thn development of tho large
coal aroa tributary to Tnbor nro now
ponding, and will probably bo cloned
up within tlio noxt wook or two, A
woalthy Ilolglan syndicate has purchased nn extensive area Just north
of tho town, nlong tho river, whoro
tho quality of tho coal la of tho richest, and nro preparing this summor to
commonco oporntlons on a largo scalo.
Another syndicate from tho Pacific
conBt has purchased tho Monarch col*
Uorlos, and will operate undor tho
namo of tho Monarch Consolidated,
Tlio old Monarch mlnos will ho romod-
ollod and additional plant Installed.
It Is also understood that tho Canadian Northorn Hallway who havo a
charter for -a road Into Tabor, aro
looking Into conl proportlos near hero.
-Wl*      tttlm     l-WfcHitW
Wo aro ln rocolpt of tho following
telegram from Frank Farrington, International Organizer nt Nanaimo, who
U handling tho troublo In that district:
NANAIMO, B. c, May 20,—The general strlko situation on tlio iBlnnd li
very satisfactory, ond tho mines ot
Nanaimo and South Wtlllngton sro
some plenty tied up, while tho output
nt Cumberland and lAdysmtth, which
has never been considerable since
thinning of trouble, Is gradually falling off. Western Fuel Company attempted to stampede men y-Mterdsy
by offering agreement which grunted
small incroaso of wages ott certain
daises of labor, the men rejected
th* proposition lind declared thoy wilt
not enter Into agreement except It
bn conducted with thoir organization,
tho IJiiltod Mino Workers of America.
Tlio same attempt was mado at Jin-
glopot mino this morning and met
with similar fnto. Pross Is dollbor-
iniify nuHriuireuuntliig conditions and
hostllo Interests aro using evory Influence to croato dlsscntlqn and dlrls-
Ion among tho strikers. Howovor,
tho men aro solidly united and refuse
to ho doeolvort, Warn all minors to
Ignoro press reports nnd stay away
from Island until they nro officially
notified that strlko Is settled,
♦ All   mineworkers   art   re-
♦ qotstsd te stsy away from
♦ Vancouver Island as all union
♦ min art on strike thure.
has announced his intention of forcing
the Federal Government to probe the
Infnmlos that wero perpetrated undor
tlio forms of law and order. Martial
law Is to be Investigated and peonage
will be looked into, and the responsibility of lawlessness placed where It
belongs, * If tho senator from Indiana
can. secure a favorable hearing.
Senator Kerns, after receiving a
plea from Ex-Senator Watson of
West Virginia bogging that tho investigation *bo dropped, concluded that
It was about time for nn Investigation,
whon It boenmo known that Watson
who pleadod against Investigation was
ono of tho largest coal operators In
tho state,
Senator Kerns In his * speech, said:
"u'oportB of tho hunting of men
across tho hills as though they woro
escaped convicts, or wild boasts Is the
question and wo are going to hnvo an
Inquiry. Charges Of violation of contract labor laws and uso of martini
law aro nmong tho things wo will
"I propose to have It Bhown thnt
whon fodornl oxports Investigated tho
conditions last yoar, wliolo pagos of
tho roport woro suppressed by tho do-
pnrtmont of commorco and labor.
"Do you realize that down thoro,
within 250 ni lies of tho national cnpl-
toi, a drumhead coui'tmartlnl has for
tho paBt 30 days boon trying "Mother"
Jonos, woman SO years of ago, who for
40 years has booh engaged In humanitarian work and ls ono of tho vory
greatest women In this country. Sho
1b snid to know moro peoplo than any
othor Amorlcan woman,
"Thoro nro a fow tilings that a
■LUli(jit.-Pinu(iui   i-iin-BUh'H.i-iil   Oi     (»t;cit
Y-Jj'&'toto i>i%'HUi;v i'himhl fi'imhli'):"
It Is no wonder that a coal baron
should raise his voice against n con-
Eirosslonnl Investigation.     This conl-
linron ns well ns tho othor   nrrogant
. i,,,.*..,  ,_ .. ,*i        ,.    i. .    .. ,*
«*-*.'*     ..4. a* 4'fi*-A    l,X,t4lll...'4, & ,41, Wt "-*»J*Wt>
fields of West Virginia, know that
terrorism, poonago and tho suspension of civil rights havo prevailed In
West Virginia nnd that tho strikers
lmvo beon subjected to outrages, that
make Russia look llko a paradise,
"Mother" Jones, against whom tho
venom of thn coal Irnrons has been
hurled, m»y yet see the tyrants" of
West Virginia begging for mercy, for
If signs do not fall, the time Is close
at hand when even the economic master will tremble befor* the rising Indignation of men and women who lovo
and loathe tyranny*—Miners JTaga-
CHARLESTON, W. Va., May 27.—
With tho arrival here of Victor L.
Berger, tho committee ot three chosen
by tho National Committee of the Socialist party to Investigate conditions
ln the coal mining districts of Kanawha County and to lay their findings
boforo Prosldont. Wilson is complotod.
Tho work of t,ho commlttoo will now
bo taken up In earnest, no detail of
tho charges of poonago, persecution
and'-slaying ot the striking miners by
Baldwin-Felts guards, and tho Ignoring of constitutional rights by tho authorities will escape careful consideration. Tho commlttoo will leave
for Paint Crook and Cabin Crook ns
soon ns possible
W, II. Thompson and ED. Ram-
baugh, the editors of tho Socialist nnd
Labor Star of Huntington, W, Vn„
who woro arrostod nbout two wooks
ago and whoso plnnt was wrecked by
Governor Hatfield's ordor, woro released from Jnll yesterday. Thoy declared that thoy would roBume tho
publication of tho Star as soon as tha
damago dono to tho plant could bo
ropnlrod. Thoy refused to glvo bonds
to koop tho ponco, declaring thoy
would talk, wrlto nnd think that which
thoy believed to bo right nt}d would
still bo within tho Jaw,
Tho throat that thoy would bo arrested again If they dared to take up
thn work whoro thoy had left off, was
not taken seriously. Tho two woro In
Jnll for thirteen days, but wore never
brought to trial.
Prison bars bogun to loom largo
whon tho Governor Issued n state-
'    (.*>   ,,.1,l»r   1*.,   .1 •■ ,■*.,... .*   tl  ,l   <4       I
The Lawrence
Dynamite ftPlant"
Pplitician Received 700 Dollars From Millionaire'
Defendant, He Says
not words, will tit. my nml move," Vn
names wero mentioned hy the Governor, but Its significance Is apparent.
LONDON, May 20--Aftcr a period of
comparative calm tho English Industrial world In disturbed by rt series of
extensive labor disputes which have
broken out iu tlio Midlands. The tin-
rest tokest tho form generally of n
demand for a minimum wage by tho
unskilled wprkcrs. hi nearly every
ease the strlko was Ugttn without
gtvlng notl« to the employani, rt ts
eaUmat'd WM*) »re on strlk* or locked out The carters* strike at Bradford
Pid to several MreltlBg conflict* with
tho police ytnit-Htnf,
mission through the agency of "paid
thugs" who go about the country and
assault, beat and hold up private citizens -.while travelling the public
highways-and while going about a
legitimate business ln a peaceable
manner/ The Baldwin guard system
will' not bo tolerated In Fayette
county so long as I am sheriff, because I believe its operation tends to
lawlessness and Is a menace to the
peace and general welfare of the
I want to admonish you1 to koop all
of your organizers within tho palo of
tho law, and advise all of the miners
to go about their work of organization In a quiet and peaceable manner, having duo respect for tho law
and tho officers of tho law on all oc
cnslons and undor all circumstances,
and If this policy ls pursued tho min-
ers and their organization may depend upon mo for aid and assistance
In the suppression of any and all unlawful attacks, holdups nnd soleuros.
I onrnostly hopo that your organization and tho coal companies of this
county will got together on terms
agreeablo to both sides, and that a
sottlomont will ho brought about satisfactory to nil parties Intorosted
but as abovo stated tho "bludgeon"
will not bo permitted In so far as I
am ablo to enforce tho law, and If
tho miners or any of the organizers
connected with your organization
are attacked or assaulted, ploaso roport tho fact to.nio'forthwith, and I
will do everything In my powor to
soo that tlio guilty parties aro brought
to Justice.
Vory truly yours,
T. .1. OAVIH. Sheriff.
Immedtntoly upon rocolpt of tho
abovo Iottor, Mr. Thomas Ifnggorty
replied to Sheriff Davis as follows:
Mny 2Hrd, loin
■T. J, DnviH, Sheriff,
« Payottovlllo, W.Vn.
near Blr,—Your favor of tho 19th Inst.
duly received and contents carefully
not(*d. Wo npprnelnlo vnry much tho
exceptionally fair position you" luvo
taken relative, to law nnd ordor In
Fnyotto county, and also appreciate
tho nssurniicn of protection of your
offlco to our organlznrs In going
about their logltlmnto work In n lawful nnd 11-f-WPmWn minnrr
I assure you that thn TnternnMonnl
Organisation of tho Mino Workors
have always boon nnd still aro lovers
of law and order and Infractions
glvon from tho International Head-
quarters to *lu*lr ottlrr-ri tire to' lhr»
of/net thnt our rupnwritnllvos will
he law abiding, p-rncejible and pro-mw
cnto their work In a manor that will
add dignity to the organization that
thoy repreiumt. Wn havo, however,
as your letter Indicates, bad many of
our pcoph* »Utr*%vtr..I and la muni
cases badly bealen up hy Baldwin-
F«IU mo im>tti wviiu U> ih** «xlt»nt ni
injuring them almort beyond m-
oorttry. Itentt; wo app-nf*i»f<! thn
vory fair po.iltlon you are taking and
assure yon that wo tiro not asking favors, hut that w« he dcAlt with s.Vmg
tfu) Uaci tudkatcd la yuur Mint. *h;
'BOSTON,'May 22,—A thrilling story
of the inner secrets or the planting of
dynamite-'to discredit the Lawrence
strikers'during'the successful textile
revolt of 1912, was narrated in Judge
Crosby's co'tfrf today by John J.'Breen,
Lawrence politician. Bluntly, Breen
told how he conceived the plot and
alleged that he was financed in carry-
iilg it out by Frederick E. Atteaux,
president of the Atteaux Mill Supply
Company, jointly indicted with William M.-Wood, president of the American Woolen Company, and Dennis
J. Collier, the Cambridge dog fancier,
for the alleged conspiracy. , Breen
related at length conversations with
Atteaux regarding his plan; alleged
that it was welcomed by the millionaire defendant, ancl charged directly
that when he told Atteaux he could
not get the dynamite ho needed to
carry out the plot, the latter, by telephone, enlisted the services of Ernest
J. PIttman, the contractor who killed
himself the day he was to appear
before the1 grand jury, Breen swore
Pittman secured the high explosive,
The witness related how, when Atteaux met him to pay him the first instalment of the expense money, the
wealthy mill supply man did not hand
it over directly, but dropped it—$500
in bills—on the sidewalk of a Boston
street after first telling Breen to pick
up anything he saw fall.
—Breen~had~full~eonimand~"of ^himself
at all times, and when the attorneys
for the,defense tried to confuse him
by demanding that he relate the exact words exchanged in his various
conversations with Atteaux, PIttman
and Collins, he insisted that he could
not remember details and was permitted by Judge Crosby to "give his best
Breen, Under Minute Cross-Examlna-
tion, Clings to His Original
BOSTON, iMay 23.—It was indicated
today during tho trial of William M.
■"Wood, president of the American
Woolen Company, Frederick E. Atteaux and Dennis J. Collins, that it
would be sought by the lawyers for.
the defense to absolve Wood and At--
teaux from complicity by placing responsibility for tlie conspiracy upon
a man now dead.
Tho dead man wa3 Ernest W. Pitt-
man, wealthy, mill constructor, who
committed suicide the day before he
iras to appear before the grand Jury.
This was made very evident today
during the pross-examination of John
J. Breen, the Lawrence undertaker,
who, aided by Daniel J. Collins, actu-
lUy planted the explosive. Breen was,
under a searching cross fire by Attorney Coakley, for Atteaux, for hours.
He was led .back and forth along the
trail of the entire story, which he
related on his direct examination, but
Senerally stuck to the main points of
his story.
Wood   Paid   Atteaux  $2,600   as   "Expenses In  Lawrence Strike
BOSTON, May 21—An attempt was
made today to prove the': direct connection of William H. Wood, president
of the American Woolen Company,
with the'planting of dynamite in and
about the City of Lawrence • to discredit the strikers during the successful revolt of textile operatives In the
winter of 1912.
ed'checks and vouchers showing-payments which had been made by the
American Woolen Conipany to Frederick ,E. Atteaux, wealthy dealer in
mill supplies, who had been indicted
with Wood,and Denis J. Collins, the'
Cambridge dog fancier, for conspiracy.
One of the exhibits wns a payment
to Atteaux1 of $500 "for expenses incurred during tho Lawrence strike."
The vouchers indicated that the
payments were authorized by Wood.
Tho check for  $505  was  drawn
(Continued on Pago 4)
Presidential Electio
For District No. 13
Candidate J. E. 8mlth States the issue
Upon which He Stands
To thoMombers'.of District 18, U.M.W,
* of A. -
Fellow Workors,—
At tlio 1012 District Convention I
mndo a Btatomont to the effect that I
would not, In future, allow my namo to
go boforo tho membership of this District aB a candlduto tor any District
Office. n As tho mombors of this District aro, no doubt, nwa're, In 1011 I
contested tho offlco of District President with W. n. Powell,    and    that
Immediately after that "election, certain charges worn preferred against
President Powell, relative to tho manner ln which ho (Powell) had settled
certain grlovnnces thon   existing   In
Rub-Dlstrlct.l without tlio consent of
tho officers of that sub-Dlstrlct, These
charges woro brought to a head at ths
1912 District Convontlon, at which I
wiih a delegate, and It dovolv'od.upon
! mo to tako a prominent part In tho dis-
| (MiBslon upon thoso charges, therefore,
! in order to ollntlnato curtuln personal!-
j tiim which wero brought Into tho dis-
; on »toii, I made thu ;ibovu statisimsnt
j to offset'the feeling that I waa sore
I at my defeat, and ovon then hnd nn
J eye on tho office of president.   Wero
II even now to ronHlder rily pcnmiml
I foellngs of tlio advisability of necking
! offlco. 1 would not, for ono moment,
• >i,'        :. i ., , ,        ,
.    ,,,.*,,,    ■....   ..,, t.   «***•„,.*•»   «*   ■'■.■;,■,   ,.-,*    .....
' \i\t* Win t'tm"X\<-r'::t'ty,i, Mi* rnwTiiii'*
t r-cqiiOBts from different Loenls*. and
| tho'persistent urging of samo, and
* also considering the m.*u;nltm1< Ot the
I ls»uo Involved, I lmvo, nft*r «-un-fal
,..*   ,*,.,
(Continued cm Page 1)
elded lo acc-cpt nomination ii;.*t*i tli"
Issue Involved,, (tml 'upon lhal Issue
only will I Btaml, Thnt l'A\u*. d««t!y
stated in;
"Whether or not tho in«mb*er»bi!> of
District 18 opprovn of th* nrtlm nf
<»ur District Official*, and tho incikn
employed l.v them tn tlu* wi-ent M
berta Provincial Election."
The law pat**d at th« Imtt District
Convention r#*ds a* follows:
"In advancing the interests of the
MlBeworltef* of ttd* MiMti, mi iht>
politic! ftnlrt, wv. tnvtj.f"mtrUt. thnt
our members endow* ikt> platform of
the SoelalMt Party of Canada."
For my part, I am of the opinion
that tho actions of our District Offlq;"
lals on this occasion Is a direct ylqN.
lation of tljo law passed by tho District Convention of 1013 ,and Is also
In direct opposition to the oxprosiscd.
wIhIiob of our membership,  through
their delogates   at   previous District
Conventions.     If elected to offlco I
shall uso my boat endeavors to carry
out tho provisions of tho abovo law,
and that, subject to tho approval of
the District Executive Board, my first
duty will bo to boo that our official
organ, tho District Lodger'Shall bn a
medium of education uIodk theso lines,
and not iih a medium'to'gratify'tho
porsonal * ambitions of any particular
Individual,   All othor affairs   of   tho
District shall rocuivo my careful consideration and prompt attention, with
tho end In view, that by Intelligent
cooperation of tho officers of this district and (Iio membership generally,
wo mny retrieve somo of tho mistaken
mnde, mnl recover hoiiio of tho lost,
'prestige of our organization   In   this
No mutter whin tho romult of tlm
election may ho',*l wIhIi to tako this
/ opportunity to e\|ire«i« iny Ij-mhI w{nIm>h
J for the fiituro wolf nro of District IV
Fra tenia liy yourn*
I .IOH\ l). SMITH.
j    (Wo must admit wo ore nt a Urn*
jlo  «nd«rst;uul   Mr.;.. Smith's  remark:*
I annul the Dlrttrlei U>dt»«»r. nnd wrmM
| add  that shim  wo  lmvo  taken   tho
I iiuiuiiKeinejii ol ihiK i»(i|iHr over evi-ry
|COfrf;*pondejit la;, rfsiuhi-ii ttcrupittoiiii
tonAiik'tJYiUni. tin.- jin-nuii Iva.h:ii-
tlvo Itoiird have   in   ovt-ry   itiHttuieo
given us) to uhd«'fntc.Ml thm th.t polky
-ni uii> paper remajus tnwh Uie nuiio
)«r it Juts* been for tlie hint three years.
We nre In the same    |nm|tlwt    that
other editors have been and must bn
; wiu'ii editing thl* sheet, with thts ox-
ffj.tlon, wo have no nfflUntlons'wIth
'yr.y n'ffrnr or member of {tv, ox-mi-
jtiv.. ami when   tho   next exceutivfi
AAA: x ;n*ni uii! ..uli lUmii Utter, then tu» ar«t perfectly ready to
stop aaSde, bul In tttt* meantime* thin
xhfpt Is not b*»lng used to "gratify tho
personal nmbltlrm* of any particular
"it!SitI'.-tmV* *Tid. vltft-rn'   Mom   this
on w-w, nt fnr .nt **'■' are cotwevued.
rtrolt*© a rather rwd« awakening —
Great Northern
Train arrives Fernie from South at 9.30 a.m.
Leaves Fernie for South at 12.43 p.m.
Daily except Sunday
Sharp connection at llexford. for passengers and express from Western points, and
.connection with G.N. fast mail and express
from east.
Latest equipment and best service for
Eastern   and   Western   points.
Fire Protection
of Coal Mines
By James Taylor, Inspector of Mines, Peoria, III.
PHONE 161. BOX 305.
Bicycles made in Canada
Cash $45.00, or terms of Three Payments $50,00
(Guaranteed) $38.50 cash, or terms $42.50 in three payments
English made bicycles (Edie Coaster Brakes, Warwick Tyres)
$38.50, Terms $42.50        ■    -
Gel au Indian Motor Cycle and enjoy a trip through the mountains
JOHN MINTON - Fernie Bicycle Store
. No problem is more deserving of
careful study than the saving of human life, and opinion is well nigh universal that safety muit cer
As one of the state inspectors of
mines the more I investigate the causes of fires, explosions and other accidents in coal mines it appears to me
that the thing to be dreaded is the human element.
Carelessness and inefficiency find
their way in most mines. The wall
of * caution that naturally surrounds
the man who digs coal is torn down
completely. The working fnci? of an
entry or room is only as safe as the
miner employed therein makes It.
Hence the surest way to remove the
accident Is to educate the employes.
If they do not comprehend the dangers that surround them how can thoy
be expected to act with caution la
the routine of daily work?,
We readin the usual newspaper report: "Another mine explosion"; "Another mine fire," etc.; and "that the
mine was in excellent condition; it
was a model- up-to-date mine." We
shall continue to read the same reports until the human element has
been instructed, while working in
and' about the coal mines, how best
to prevent fires and accidents.
The best fire protection of mines
should he the human element, which
at the present time, consists of representatives from all nations. From
30 to 40, per cent are English-speaking; 60 to 70 per cent are non-English-
speaking. If we are to have fire protection in mines this human element
must be brought to the efficient standing of a skilled mechanic, It is unfortunate that such unskilled labor is
gaining a foothold in our coal mines.
The fact is before us, and a remedy
is needed. Experience Is fully demonstrating that neither life nor property is safe when in the keeping of
densely ignorant and inexperienced
To make mines safe and profitable
we must encourage tlie men working
in them to obtain such instruction as
will brighten, elevate and fit them to
be our protectors.
When possible, all mine employes
should be instructed as to dangers,
prevention, cause and effective methods; of fighting mine fires.    "Mine
managers, assistant mine managers,
timbermen and drivers, should be
drilled in withdrawing the men from
mines; and individual miners should
receive instruction on the subject. Impress on all underground employes
the importance of instantly investigating the slightest indication of fire.
A full knowledge of a present danger
is the surest safeguard; because such
knowledge suggests at once the remedy, at least admonishes caution.
Ypu know that most of our misfortunes In coal mines result from a disregard of common knowledge, a violation of elementary principles. What
we lack most is courage—courage to
prevent our co-workers from opening
a keg of-powder with a pick; courage
to prevent him from violating the
rules of the company; courage to refuse to be a party to expose ourselves
to needless danger; courage to discharge the fellow;that .wilfully places
his co-workers- in jeopardy; courage
not to load coal where the roof is
unsafe; courage to carefully examine
the roof and coal face before loading
coal; courage to see that our working
place is safe and properly and promptly timbered; courage to fight and not
to^run away from the first indication
of, fire underground.
Most of us like, to shift the blame
and condemn the other fellow. When .
the miner's roof comes down on hia
back it has killed him, perhaps, because he neglected to prop it. He
failed to extinguish a (burning canvas
and his co-workers lost their lives.
Would it be harsher discipline to send
him home alive than to regulate matters so that an ambulance is necessary?
The miner may think it a small error that he has made by leaving his
props in the cross-cut or along the
track when they should have been on
end supporting the roof.
Every man should know his part in
promoting safety, and should be disciplined if he does not do it. Is the*
operator* or mine manager alone to be
blamed each time the roof falls on a
miner, a driver is pinched, a mine fire
is started? Discipline should be of
the'workman by the workman and for
the workman. Discipline is the mine
manager's and miner's-most utmost
need. It should be their main object,
and they should urge it and enforce it.
The j miner   and'- operator—Should
Presenting the Musical Idyll
Two Acts
Two Scenes
Tho Boat ovor seen
In Fornlo
The Best Talent that can be produced
[fl V^B'H SH '!3H T^^hM
JUNE 7th
learn that it is to their advantage to
lessen the losses pf the coal industry.
The loss of life' and limb could be
very materially reduced by the members of the United Mine Workers of
America and the Coal Operator' Association of this State co-operating in
the enforcement of every reasonable
rule of safety aria' fire protection.
Miners and operators should work as
a unit in eliminating the causes of all
accidents. The slogan at every mine
should be: "Don't forget first-aid tb
preventing accidents."
The best fire-protected mines are
those at which the operator gives the
men a chance to develop by furnisnmg
them with instructors at the mining
camp, a night class, that makes safe
and good work a matter of discussion.
It puts a spirit of craft-pride in their
hearts. These instructors should be
men from the mine Who. have had
practical experience. The best miner Is the one with character "and training who thinks for himself, who takes
pride in the quality and quantity of
his output, and becomes a successful
and  intelligent miner-mechanic.
Fire protection of mines is secured
by the use of the mine telephone. As
you know, we have a mine telephone
law in this state that provides for a
party-line telephone, which includes
one telephone on the surface not more
than 200 feet from the .tipple, and one
at the bottom of the hoisting shaft,
or, in slope or draft mines, at the
first cross-entries in operation. In
addition thereto there must be one
telephone at each inside parting. Telephone lines shall be repaired promptly when necessary. No mine official should pass these telephones at
the inside parting without testing
them by communicating with those in
charge of the various parting telephones.
There should be a system at each
mine that requires the.shot firers to
report by means of the mine 'phones
to the night engineer the progress of
their work as they go through the
mine firing the,shots.. By this means
the engineer, knows at all times just
about where tho shot-firers are. If
the shot-firers fail to report from the
different stations at a certain time
the engineer knows that something
has gone wrong, and he summons
help. If the last call of the shot-
firers was from station No. 4, and they
failed to call from station No. 5 at the
.usual time the night engineer would
be able to give the approximate location of the shot-firers, and if they met
with an accident might be able to
save them. In case of fire the shot-
firers could give the location.
At the present time .wo have too
many bosses, face bosses, etc., to protect the miner against danger when,
he could and should protect himself
provided by the company ln compliance with the State mining law. The
fire originated in a small tool house
near the tipple and tramway. In ths
was a fire extinguisher, in'the nearby
engine house was the necessary hose,
and close to the boiler house were two
large tanks full, of water, with' pump
connections. . The second engineer
discovered the fire at 3.30 p.m. and
gave the alarm by blowing the whistle
—this mine is located one, mine from
town—but failed to -use'■ the means
provided for fighting fire, with the
result that tipple, engine and boiler
house, and part of the tramway, were
destroyed, making a total loss of $5,-
000. The fire-fighting equipment was
in good working order at the time .the
fire started, but was of no service in
extinguishing the fire, because the human element failed to make use of it
for the purpose that it had been provided.
A few weeks previous to this time'a
fire started in a neighboring boiler
house. The fireman got excited and
failed to use ono of the two sets of
hose located in the boiler houso, and
the work of extinguishing the fire was
left to the mine manager, who came ,
one. and  one-half miles and secured '
the hose from the tipple and put out "
the fire after it had destroyed two t
sets of hose that the fireman had fail- "
ed to use.
Former Editor   of   the   United  Mine
Workers' Journal Succumbs to
Long Disease
SPRINGFIELD, 111—William Scaife,
one of the first state officials of District No. 12, U. M. \V. of A., for several years editor of the Mine Workers'
Journal,. published at Indianapolis,
Ind., and member of the State Legislature for one term, died at the
Springfield Hospital, after suffering
the past six months from cancer. He
was aged 00 years and 17 days.
Mr. Scaife was one of the pioneer
organizers of the Mine Workera of
this state and held a number of executive positions in th local organizations, as well as the district.
lie was elected to the legislature
frpm Grundy County and worked in
the interest of labor legislation.
The deceased was born in the County of Durham, England.
■against'commonplace^anfers! Care
and precaution are the duty of every
man just as much as if he were the
mine manager. No provision of
bosses will ever take the place of the
miner's own watchfulness. Any man
.worthy of the name of ■ a practical
miner will seek his own safety and
that of his fellows.
In my opinion one of the best flro
protectors at our mines is to install
reversible fans.
In the4 discussion of this question let
us not confine ourselves to the opinion of any one or more persons, but
pay heed to thoso who have had to do
with the saving of life nnd proporty.
In deciding the question of whether
mine fans should or should not be
built reversible wo should bo guidod
by the results obtained In past experience, comparing tho many lives
and property saved and lost where
rovorslblo nnd non-reversible fans
wero In operation. Let us havo facts
tind not opinions on such an important
subject; let us rely on thoso who
have had .actual experience with iboth
kinds of fans.
At. midnight, January 11, 1902, the
tower, Hliakor-Bcreen nnd building of
tho Mnplowood Conl Company's Mino
No, 1, nt Karmlngton, Illlnolu, woro
on flro. On arriving nt tlio mine the
writer found, the flro (joins down
the hoisting shaft, which wns the
downcast, Wo learned that no ono
was in tho mine, but there was danger of setting fire to tlio shaft nnd
the. timbers'nt; tho bottom, ns woll as
tho stables, containing twelve liniluH,
To provont this ko nl. once rovoruod
thp fan shaft, nnd, nftor Hoeing Hint
the mules woro snfo, stationed men
at the bottom of the hoisting shnft
to extinguish burning'timbers "of tho
towor ns thoy foil Into tlio Rlinfl. Tlio
flro dostroyod tlio towor nnd dump
building, but tho shaft nnd mulon
woro saved,
Dncoiiibor fl, 11HH, a flro wiih Htartod
on 'iho main Intake entry nt tlio Sholl
HrnthcrH* mino, nt Dartonvlllo, Illinois,
by a trnppor dropping IiIh lighted
lamp on a quantity of liny which hnd
boon allowed to ncctimiilnto nt tho
iloor ho wna attending, Tho flro
burned the door, timbers and all com-
IniBtlhlo material for a disunion of
Hovornl hundred foot nlong Uio main
■entry. Tlio mino timbers woro burn-
Inn ffprnplv and tho hnlnMne tOmfMin.
Iiir tlio downcasts thn nlr current--
lifo lino—won conveying tlio smokn
nnd flro toward tlio working faco,
whoro 121 men and boys woro work-
Inn, Tho oimlncor reversed tho fan,
thorohy rovorslnff Ute nlr curront.
which proven tod tins flro and smoko
from ranching tho men and gnvb thorn
sufficient timo to climb tho ladder In
(ho osenpoment shaft. Tho ntnlra had
not yot boon placed In this Blmft.
Lot uh mnko tho llfo lino ln tho
mine at, Uint'wo can uwo It. tn Advantage whenever oeca*Ion mny nt*
Not Ions ago the tlpplo at tho Sfjar
Coal Company's Mine No. 1, at Cuba,
wan burned down owing to tho toll*
uro of tho human oloment to uho tho
flro-flghtlng -equipment that had boen
Baking Powder
Pure,   Healthful,   Dependable
Its active principle solely
grape acid and baking
soda. It makes the food
more delicious and whole
The  low priced, low grade
powders put alum or lime
phosphates in the food.
Ask Your Doctor About That
Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
   Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J, L, GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The  Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
With Privntc Bath $3,00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
||   THE      |* A    c°»1854
Notico In horoby Klvon tlmt it Dividend itt tho rain of Seven per cent.
(7 ) por mumm upon tho piild-up Gnpltnl 'Stock of this lirml< Imb boon
dcclnrod for tho three months imdlrift tlio ,'llHt Mny, HiKl, nnd tho
wtmo will ho pavahlo nt IIh IIiwI Offlro nnrf Nrr.n<-t.i»* r.» ,,*.,i .n >♦,.*»
M*?nduy, Juno L'wl, JUKI, 'J'lm Tnuinfor Jlookw will ho dtiaed from tlm
17th to tho 8lHt Mny, 1913, both days  IiicJubIvo.
Tho Atinunl Mooting of tho Shareholders of tho Homo Hank of Canada
will bo hold at tho Ilond Offlco, 8 KIiik *t„ Wont, Toronto, on TuoHday,
the. 2tth day of Juiio, 1813, at i'i   o cHmX   noon.
liy Ordor of tho Hoard,
Toronto, April ICth, 1913. S,  ' General Manager,
It U the Intention nt tho abovo Mooting to mibmlt for tho con»l(Iom-
Hon and approval of tho Shareholder* n By-Tair to nnthoriio the Increaie
o! tho Capital Stock of tho llank to fr.,00A,f>ft0. PAGE FOUE
-'ft.**!   '
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
^Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F, H. NEWNHAM   Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
city authorities. The Athletic Association have
taken the matter up, and with the increased personnel of the executive, should be instrumental in
making things lively for the First.
'"■pIIE tendency of wages among the unorganized
* worker is downwards. Naturally, during
times of strife tlie unscrupulous employers—and
the most scrupulous—will endeavor to prevent the
worker from joining the union, and one of the pet
objections (?) of the employer in this prosperous,
fair and broad Dominion seems to be thafpatriotic
cry. They will tell you, if you are a miner thai
the States operator is seizing all the markets, and
as a result will point out tlie calamity of having no
markets for Canadian coal. When this has been
aired sufficiently the poor farmer of the prairie is
introduced, and you are beguiled with stories of
people freezing to death. Therefore it is impressed
upon you that you must return to work. To the
capitalist the internatioanl union is the greatest
evil that could'befall the worker—while the fact
that capital claims'no allegiance only to the possessor, is the greatest blessing.
Employers have unions of their own, but they do
not call them "unions," not much. They call them
."associations, corporations, trusts," etc. While
- meaning the same it does not sound quite so "common" to the employer. But if an association is
good for' the master surely it is equally good for
the servant?. And if imitation is the sincerest form
_pf£.flattery, should.not our masters be flattered?
''■■*'-•**n*j> append a few of the results of organized la-
unions most of whom are affiliated with the
American Federation of Labor:
Organized mineworkers last year secured an in-
, crease in wages of $8,000,000.   Organized metal
miners got an increase in wages during the same
period of over $4,000,000.
Thc organized seamen got a raise last year of
1$ \	
IN another part of this issue will be found an
article dealing with the strike in Belgium, in
the course of which the writer illustrates as plainly
as he possibly could the wisdom of the workers in
that country in reserving their strength and the
commendable restraint and patience that they have
shown. Here the workers forced the government
to surrender, forced them, to acknowledge and admit their power, but at the same time preserving a
dignity and complacency that is without parallel
in history. We have been in the habit of regarding the revolution as something sanguine and rapacious, when lives must be sacrificed and deeds
of individual valor performed.
There was a majority of four to one in favor of
accepting the governments proposals; and the
minority—because it was the minority—wanted
more, or to be correct, wanted a trial of strength.
These people would havo refused the government's
pledges, would have plunged the country into a
bloody war without counting the costs; they called
themselves the radical element, but as a matter of
fact they were the reactionaries who failed to realize their strength. The majority were, we venture
to say, more progressive, more educated, more truly class conscious than the minority, for they recognized, with the wisdom of good generalship, that
they had the power, but that their greatest strength
was in concealing and conserving same. As the
writer of the article mentioned points out, a demand
for the abdication of the government would have
immediately been seized upon as an act of irresponsible outlawry, and in the name of "law and
order" the neighboring governments would have
found a ready excuse to render such aid as was
necessary to crush the working classes.
These things have not been accomplished by n
pendantic bunch of "intellectuals" who have
little else to-do but differ one against the other
in their theoretical and metaphysical philosophizing, but by the intelligence ami SELF-DISCIPLINE of the workers To claim that we have
left the old countries behind in our march of progress is the veriest nonsense. We are too
apt to listen to the echo of our own voice and
magnify our greatness accordingly, ■ To sum the
matter up—Egotism aud Ihe miserable spirit of
pendantry that has sprung up among the working
masses of this continent has done far more to disrupt the workers than all the alleged graft of which
union officials and others have been, accused of by
individuals who have nothing to gain, but who, to
United Mine Workers of America
District No, 18
Farnie, B, C. May 30th, 1913.
T o Officers and Members
Local Unions Dist. 18.
At the Executive Board Meeting held on Thursday last, the nominations for the Election of District President were duly considered, and the nominations of C. Stubbs and J. E. Smith were accepted in conformity with the Dist.
Constitution. The Election as already arranged will be held on June 9th. The
Ballots will be forwarded to you on Monday next and if you do not receive same
by Thursday, kindly wire the District Oflice at once. I have to draw to your
notice the fact that most of the Locals neglected to name their representative to
act as neutral scrutineer, the Board, however, designated the places where these
neutral scrutineers should act. You will therefore if you have not already done so
appoint one of your members to fulfill this office and be governed according to the
following itinerary of interchange.
Yours fraternally,
A. J. Carter
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
GIRL WANTED—Apply,.to L. A. S.
Daok, McPherson Avenue. 40-n.p.
FOR SALE.—-14 dozen Aylesbury.
Bucks, three days old, 35 cents each.
Mrs. A. Davies, Fernie Annex.   39-3tp
MATRIMONIAL AGENCY of highest character. Strictly private, up-
to-date, seventh successful year. If
wishing to marry, investigate our plan
—it is' different. Ideal Introduction
Club.   Box 1776, Vancouver, B.C. 38-6
. FOR SALE-rFor $200, northeast
portion of Lot 4, block 2, of Lot. 5455
West Fernie. Size 55 ft. by 132 ft.
Box 3S7, Trail, B. C. 38-6
FOR,SALE—7 acres, house and barn
one mile from Fernie, two creeks,
well, ~ etc. Easy terms. Apply to C.
Ferguson, Gateway, B.C. 38-6tp
SALE—Apply Mrs. Fred Ingram, Pellat Avenue, north (opposite Home
Bakery). 39-3tp.
/•    Men and women in the organized clothing indus-
;.;'.' try secured an increase of $2,000,000, and they have
'  Secured further concessions this year because their
union is growing stronger.
The union dues is one of the best investments for
the worker, and there is not a man in this Distinct
. who can dispute this. - Tf he has not received back
in one form or another practically every cent lie
has paid in dues, he is one of'the minority.-' Eight
hero in this district in time of disaster, fire and
strike the workers have found their international
union one of the first to como forward ancl offer
substantial synipnthy and support.
Irrespective of nationality, creed or color the international union is here to stay and the whining
of those patriots (?) who would have us sing "My
country, 'tis oi thee," (tho1 our stomachs empty
may lie) have censed to have tho slightest effect,
. the absurdity of their tactics is too apparent and loug ns capital knows no kingdom so also must
il; be with the producers thereof. 'Without attempting to apologize, lot us slate plainly that wc have
no sympathy with Iho individual who would lour
clown and trample on every patriotic sentiment;
Ave recognize that there nro individuals who are
perfectly sincere in their patriotism, and to such
would say, let it roninin, bul relatively, in the same
degree as it remains wilh your nmstpi's—for your
inlerinl good.
ity Park will ho the venue lor July first,
|b hoped to havo the grounds fenced in and
opp for thn enclosure.'     The park is one
most picturesque spots in tho neighborhood
mt is, wc fear, in need of a little boosting from the
satisfy their insatiable greed for notoriety would
sacrifice not only their fellow workers—aye, even
their families.
The power of organized labor, when it is intelligent, constructive and self-controlled, is so great
that it is the only power on,earth capable of achieving world changes without violence.
(Continued from Page 1)
March 22, 1912. Another check for
$2,100 was, drawn on June 26, 1912,
and the voucher for this was marked
"in full for all claims to date." Both
checks were indorsed with Atteaux's
Edward B. Lynch, paying teller of
the Federal Trust Company, where
Atteaux had a deposit, identified his
signature on the bank's signature
carl Pelletier-then l.arl marked for
identification cancelled checks
which had been either signed or indorsed by Atteaux and cashed by the
Federal  Trust' Company.     Attorney
All kinds of Household Furniture
bought in large or small quantities,
also gents' cast-off clothing. Secondhand Store, Victoria Avenue North.
Crows Nest Pass League
Some months ago a correspondent wrote in these
columns expressing the view that the store clerks
in Fernie might do worse than organize, but evidently tho matter was not of sufficient moment to
thc clerks and they passed it up. We understand,
however, that there are several gentlemen- occupying positions in stores of this town who claim to
bo very advanced in their conceptions ancl philosophy, can they bo tempted to tnko an interest in
Ihis mattor? If you are "educated" and have the
much desired knowledge let tho workers of this
town enjoy some of the fruits thereof. Tf you don't
know how to -apply it, then wo .fear it is not of
much use. But to come to tlio point, to us it
is indeed strange thnt this town, which possibly
contains ono of the largest trado union populations
iu Canada, should havo no organization among its
store clerks. At, Ihe coast, and oven aristocratic
Victoria, tho half-holiday weekly is an accomplished fact; hero in this town it is not mooted. Something must bo wrong. Wo have not the least doubt
that when tho clerks,want it, liowovcr, thoy will
have it, but just nt present thoy nro not wanting
it, Should thoy, liowovor, awnko and become desirous of enjoying tho samo privileges that aro extended to thoir clnss in other towns, then, indeed,
shall wo bc pleased.
as against his client, Wood, on the
ground that they were incompetent
until both the signatures and indorsements on the back had been proven
genuine. Attorney Coakley, for Atteaux, said they were prefectly willing to admit that his signature where
it occurred was genuine and the court
admitted the checks in evidence, subject to later proof of their entire genuineness.
The Natural
History Of Coal
From Cambridge University, England, comes a now troutls on tlm "Na-
tunil HiHtory of Conl" by Dr1. B. A.
Newell Arltfi'., The peculiar valuo of
Dr. Arbor*'* reuonreUos nro not dependent upon lil.i historic account of coal
problnnifl of tlin prosniit nml tlio pnHt,
but tlio problems to be triumphantly
KurniounUiti in tlio near future. Not
only duos lie pniMint this gn;nt Importance of more .scientific knowlodgo of
conl, but iiIko Ita ]ii'OHjH!(!llvu coiumor-
clal j11>kh111Mi111■h.
Uo poiniH out wisely ,-im) in good
time thn fnet that, nftor nil, mnn Is
largnly Ignorant of thn rom position of
rani nn woll ns the mnnner In which
coal wiih formed. Mont of nur ho-
called knowledge In infnroncn drawn
from i\\". re*!-:.* an 1 mlnerulfl which tlo
bolow and above conl snamM. Such
.iluiluctloiu iiuv easily lc au fuifckii-
ed ns many oilier Hclontlflu theories
turn out lo !*>. As. n general \u:,i*
po«Itli?n gnoloBlntfl lmvo consplcnouslv
fulled to offer any tnnglblfl explanation about tpaJ Ilia, rill hold. It
therefore remains for pa-itobotnn'Bt.,
paleontologists and physilo-chcmlsta to
throw light upiih this dark mattor.
Tho most rocont dlHcovorlos nbout
conl lmvo boon mado microscopically
by thn Fronch „ Savants, Dn, Bortrnnd
nnd Iloniuilt, They soon ran down
tho nliio and fnnnd Hint, manv kinds
of coal minerals have boon produced
In opon wuior, nud are, for thn mom
part, mado up of the re'itiniiiH of curtain plnntH, Particularly Is this truo
with tlioisii variation of coal that aro
rich In hydrocarbons and coinbiiHtlblo
Knurs. UHuinliiouH shiilos, oils h!iu>
los, boRhmidH, and many otliers nro
types. Miiehi'iloHH la now known
about non-bltumlnouN coalu, Indeed,
the Iohh thoy approach tlio bltuinliioua
typos tlm lews BRnm-s to hn known
about ih«*m. Tlw roauou nf th!.*; may
bo hocaiiHO tho harder tho conl tho
luaa thin muut Itn ,.ss:'t:i:y, U>. v.Una
cut for microscopic purpose** of Investigation. To study them under
tho mlrrosropo H In donlrablo also to
decolorlun them; If thin bIIcob of coal
nro prepared for examination under
the mtcroscoDC, It ta nautilly found
that those hocIIoiih remain opnnuo
ovon whon vory thin; yot coal 1b undoubtedly homngonoouH In structure.
Luckily for tho nowor Invostlgators
on tlio natures * of what coal roally Is
moat ot thoHo difficulties lmvo at' lust
boon removed. It hits now boon
found possible to prepare fairly thin
nnd ti-aiisparont hIIcob by tlio grinding
motlioel tiBod by Btono workers. Thon,
by milling an appropriate dyo or other
coloring matter, llm actual Btuff pro-
sent will bo mado nppnront,
It la now generally agreed Unit all
prosont-day theories about tho origin
of coal, such ns tho peat-anthracite
theory, nro no lotmnr nlnuslblr-., Tlman
now discredited explanations of tho
i rmntloii of coal in tho dopths of tho
earth aru to bn, substituted with a
theory baned upon the newer biological and pliyHlo-chomleml discoveries.
If It woro possible, with prosont iina-
lytlen) motlioilN, tn thoroughly undor-
stand the componttlon of conl n tollable hypothoHlH (ib In Its orlRln could
not bo constructed unless wo jilno
know tlio character of the plant tonsils which go to malco up tho body of
tho coal. Thn wlmnnrmt, nf of
chemical and phyidTOl condition* can-
not lu any way change such a theory.
Therefore), It Is now up to tho botanist
moro than to nny practical coalman
or other nelontliiU to Instruct tho
world a* to t'no correct formation of
eoa! when originally laid down.—-Mining Wo rM.
he speedily informed of the objects
A man named J. K. Albright, ■ who
here on Information received from the
It. N. W. M. P.. He Is believed to
he responsible for a good deal of the
house-breaking which lnis boon carrii-id
on of late through the Pass. He was
taken to Blairmore last njght by a
corporal of the Mounted Police.
Threo vagrants wore brought ln on
Monday from Hosmer , by' Constable
O'Connor, having been beforo Magistrate IT. L. Brown, and sentenced to
terms ln jnll with hard labor. They
nre all old offenders and woll known
to tho offlcors of tho law. John
Dooloy will havo to spend four monthB
bohlnd the bars. Edward Trnfford,
commonly known as tho "Top-Notch-
or,' will remain for throo, and Harry
Conloy will bo released In six weeks
Constable Logan brought In Thomas
.Tones/alias Thomtis Hognn, who had
boon boforo B. E. Marklo, J.P., of
Wardner, and sontoncod to threo
months with hard labor.
No Baldwin-Felt
Guards in Fayette
,   (Continued from Page 1)
a fair, squaro elonl, and wo will bo
abundantly uatlHflod.
Again assuring you tlmt wo fully
npproclato your fair attltudo and that
In hooping Uiorowlth, wo oxpoot our
peoplo reproBontlnR our organization
to act ln no other way than that which
will moot with tho approval of your-
solt nnd all othor stato and county officials, wo arc, ',;.
Yours vory truly,
Hosmer vs. Bellevue
The home team went down before
Bellevue on Saturday last, the result
being Hosmer, 0; Bellevue, 1. R.
Schram handled the game.
Hosmer—A. Adamson; McQueen
and Wardrop; Rice, Balderstone and
Bateman; Linton, Adamson, Bain,
Thornton and McKelvle.
Bellevue — H. Fisher; T., Dugdale
and R. Dugdale; W. Miller, A. Tristram and H. Jepson; I. Hutton, T.
Sloan, F. Parker, T. Marsh and H.
Blairmore vs. Coal Creek
Coal Creek visited Blairmore and
inflicted a severe defeat on the home
favor. Pete McGovern handled the
Blairmore^iW. Fraser; Love and
McGaw; Lambert, Bartlett and
Foulds; Griffiths, D. Fraser, McGary,
Harmer and Fines.
Coal Creek—Banns; McLetchle and
McFegan; Yates, Watson and Whyte;
Harper, Booth, Partridge, Armstrong
and Martin,
Hlllcrest vs Michel
•Played at Michel and resulted in a-
win for the homo team by 1—0, Tho
game was fast and clean, both teams
accepting referee's decision without a
"kick." John Moore of Colomnn deputized for M, Brennen, who was unable to attend owing to slckneBS.
Bellovue—J. Mooro; W. Samuel and
S, Hampton; R. Hampton, W. White-
house and J. Guest; B. Dnvles, S.
Woavor, S. McGovern, F. Beddington
and A. Moore.
Hlllcrest—S. Paton; E. Marplos and
J. Graham; J. Pearson. A. Padgett nnd
W, Uochostor; J. Grlmshaw, L, Parkinson, R, Potrio, J. Knowles L. Adlam.
Heforoo, J, Mooro.
Coleman vs. Pernio
This match was played at Coleman
and resultod in a win for tho homesters by 3—0.   Roforoo, R. Livott.
Colomnn — Sudworth, S. Mooro
Macauloy, W. Roughoad, T. Jackson, J.
Hunter, W. Banks, G. Kollock, A. Eas-
ton, J, EmmerBon, Holmes.
Pernio—J, Anders, T. Shields, J.
Mills, W. Gordo, J. Gorrlo, J.' Corrl-
gan, G. Corrlgnn, J. Murray, J. Gro-
gory, P. JOltiBon, W. Grant.
Tho oxooutlvo board of the CrowB
NoBt Piibb Looguo will moot at Coal
Crook tomorrow (Saturday)
League Table Corrected to Date
P W I>D For ABBt P
off a portion of the City Park, and
provided this can be accomplished in
time the sports will be held there, if
not the football grounds will be requisitioned as in previous years.
Tbe association will arrange for a
half-mile track in the enclosure for
horse racing, besides the grounds arranged for football, baseball, lacrosse,
Although the citizens will be called
upon to subscribe this year, it is felt
that the proceeds of the "gate" should
make the association independent for
future years, provided the public give
a fair share of patronage.
Separate committees were appointed to see to the fixing of the grounds,
the collecting of subscriptions, and arranging the program of sports. They
will report Monday next.
TAXIDERMY—As I am leaving for
the old country on June 6th I am unable to accept any further orders for
taxidermy work until my return ln
August.     Con.  Reese, West Fernie.
FOR RENT—Four-roomed House;
meat kitchen, clothes closet, electric
light, water, etc. Apply, Wm. Barton,
agent' Singers Sewing Machine Co.,
City 40-3tp.
House in centre of'Fernie; Lot 1,
Block 49, N.W. corner, Hanson andMc-
Pherson Avenue. Apply, C. Stephenson, next door to property.        40-3tp
FOR SALE—HOUSE of four rooms
on half lot, Block 49, Dalton Avenue.
Apply, J. Beveridge.' 41-p
(Section 48)
on the 20th day of June next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for the transfer of the
License for the Sale of Liquor by Retail
in and upon the premiiea known aa the
Wardner Hotel, aituate at Wardner,
British Columbia, from R. H. Bohart, of
or Wardner, British Columbia, to Grant
Downing, of Ferule, Dritiah Cohimbin.
Applicant for Transfer,
Holder of licea-i*.
Dated Uii* 2&d eUf of May, 1913.
FOR SALE—Quarter Acre, cleared
and cultivated, with 2 houses, 26 x 26,
plastered and well finished Inside,
about 6 out-buildings. Good bargain
for cash, or terms. Sell both houses
or each separate. , North side, Hand
Avenue (near school) West Fernie.
Apply, Thos. Saunders, West Fernie.
WANTED TO RENT—Small furnished house or housekeeping rooms.
Apply1, A. F. Ross, general delivery.
FOR, SALE—One Bath-tub, one
Toilet, one Sink and one hot water
Tank—a Snap. Apply Thomson and
Morrison, Undertakers.       '     1-4 Onp
for light housekeeping. Apply- "Q,"
co. Ledger Office 41-ltp
Any Correspondence
received later than
Noon Thursday, will
be held over until the
following week.
hatching, $1.00 per setting.     Mrs A.
Davies, Fernie Annex. 41-ltp
' SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Someone will want those lots In Cedar Valley.   Better see Evans about them.
FOR SALE—A profitable Poultry
Ranch with fivi-roimc.l shock, incubators, brooders, brood-coops, chicken
houses, over 400 head of purebred
clilckerE, ducks, goeni ami turkeys;
creek running through; an Ideal place
for pivltry raising; an average of'$00
l-or profit for the last two
years. This could be raised by devoting'more time ta th*.- tt'uiness. On
term,? to reliable partv, Apply Mrs A,
luvlc?, Fe;nlo Anuex, a. <'.
Colomnn   .....3   3   0   0
11— 1     fl
Conl Crook*,".,a   3   0   0
7—1     fl
nollovuo   .,,,,4   4   1   0
H—2     0
Miohol  ...,,,,-1   2   x   1
7— 4     5
HIlloroBt   4   1   2   1
0-C     3
lllnlrmoro ..,.4   13   0
2-21     2
Homnor   ,4   0   3   1
2— 6     1
Fornlo   .,..,,,4   0   3   1
2-0     1
Sporta For July 1st—New City Park
Will bo Used If Ponlble-Elko
Join* with Fernie
On Tuosday la&t tho Athletic Association gaih-urml In the offices of 11.
W, Uerchiner for their annual mooting nnd the election of officers and
executive, The following woro oloct-
oil na offlcors for tho onHiilng yonr:
.Hon. Mayor Gates and
W. It. Wilson: ProBldont, H. W. Horch-
mor (ro-oloctod); Vlco-ProHldent, J.
Lowo; Bocrotnry, A. Hlaek; tronBtirer,
J. V, Macdonald (ro-oloctod).
It vim thought adviaablo to onlargo
thn Qimantifil nt tlio'Vivncutlve, and In
addition to tho usual two delegates
from oach bona fide club or league of
sport, thbro will bo appointed two
sdolcgatca from tho Board of Trado,
two from tho Coal Company, and two
from Oladatono Local XI, M. W. of A.
With regard to the ■parti on My
tut li wnn itMittttii to lore! and fonce
Why Don't You Tak3 ^\
A Good  Spring Tonic  \
You need It—Everybody needs It—Wo all nood a Spring blood
cleaiiBer, norvo.tonic and bracor. Whon you got up In tho morning,
tired, lazy—at tho broakfaBt table no appotlto for fooel—at your daily
work no ambition or ability—no thing accomplished all day but yawn
and stretch—your system needs bracing, your norvos need nettling;
your energies nood reconstructing. Lot us show you tho best Spring
tonics for all ages and under all 'conditions,'tlio ■kind that will cloanao
your blood—rostoro your appotlto—brace you up—glvo you doslro and
ability for work, play or study—a 'treatment In ovory rospoct that will
kcop you woll and happy all Sumraor.
i * ■
>\$Im#v"% IIM all M    i^?v
Free Circus Street Parade 10:30 a.m.
9 bands, 250 horses, ffite?fflaS
Wopleofnll climes in native costumes wil J b« shown in parade.
' s|w shows daily-nftcnioon at 2* night at 8, doors open at 1
fod.Tjyn.': Waterproof tents.. Admission p cent* to see it all. TBE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., MAY 31
V»»VV¥V<V»»W¥¥¥W¥¥¥*At***t*4****^^^^^r1WrfrwTwTwwTTTTTTTT^TYT¥V¥T¥¥W     v\{^
♦ ' COAL   CREEK , ♦
♦ ■  ■ '  ♦
The mines were idle on the 24th,
the people of this camp spending the
holiday in various ways.
♦ The football club journeyed to Blairmore on the,24th to fulfil their league
, engagement The "boys" certainly
romped around Blairmore, as tbe
score 7—0 points out. Blairmore
commltteo deserve credit for the royal
manner in which our boys were treated whilst among them. The catering
was all that could be desired.
The "Junior" Football team Journeyed to Michel on Saturday last to play
Michel Juniors, .but owing to some
bungHhg somewhore, wheu they arrived they were informed the match was
off. However, better councils prevailed, and a team was organized to
play Coal Creek kids. The game
onded in a win for Michel. Result,
Michel 5; Coal Creek, 4. Who was
. the little Michel boy that was running
around the field shouting, "Aye; my
daddy's knocked a lad down!"? Not
much "kid" about Michel players.
A bunch of enthusiasts of the river
and all that ls contained therein, spent
the week-end with the rod. Some
very nice baskets,-were the result of
their exertions. The river was rather dirty, they say. -;
The dance held in the Club Hall on
behalf of the Football Club was a
great success from a social standpoint. A bigger charge ought to have
been made. Trites-Woods kindly supplied -the tea and coffee, for which
the committee tender thanks. • -
l> A grand smoking concert was held
in the Club Hall on Saturday evening,
Mr. Joe Worthington controlling the
gathering in a masterly'fashion. The
following entertained the boys with
songs, etc: J. McMillan, song (en-
. core); Wm. Yates, song (encore);
P. Bgan, song; Joe Millburn, song;
Jim Dixon, song; Joe Worthington,
song; W. Newberry, song; W. Wilde,
song (encore); Jack Millar, song (encore); Mike Punoc, song; Joe Buchanan, song; C. Savory, recitation; G.
Kuox, song; D. F. Markland, song;
Ed. Hardy, song. Charlie Percy was
the accompanist., Everybody .feeling
Quite a large crowd of the gentler
on Saturday.  \ Everybody well pleased with the staging,    etc.,    of   the
•Tracking'of the Black Hand."
The scenery for the Amateur ^Dramatic Society has arrived, and the
committee have been very busy during the last day or two making, all
complete for the stage settings.
' The great tradeglan, Kembl© .Make-
Ready Jones, will positively appear at
the benefit concert on Monday next
'in the Club Hall. , Come early and
avoid the rush.
If you want to. spend a good night
on June 2nd take in the benefit concert and dance at tho Club Hall.
Tickets for concert and danco, only
BOc,     For dance alone, BOc.
Tho Crow's Nest Pubs Football League are holding their executive mooting in the Club Hall on Saturday noxt,
May 31st, commencing at 2.30 p.m.
Tho football club ontortalns Fornlo
club up horo on May 31st. We anticipate a good gate and a good gamo.
Mr, J. Turnbull, of Hosmor, is the
knight of the whlstlo for tho gnmo.
Conl Creok llno-up Is as'follows; Goal,
T. Banns; backs, J. McLotchio and
W. McFegan; halvos, Yatos, Parnoll
nntl Whyto; forwards, Harper, Booth,
P.irtrldgo, Armstrong and Johnstone;
raiervoB, A, McFegan aniTT, Manning.
Kick off 0 o'clock.
The ShIveroo Band wna out acai.n
on Wednesday to glvo n wolcimo to
tho blushing brldo of Billy Green,
Mrs Green (noo MIbs Annlo Korsliatv)
linlls from Stantllsh, LnnoB., Eng., and
wan married ln Fornlo Immediately on
hor arrival. Mr. and Mrs, "'Qrocin
hnvo taken up their abode In Ctoyoto
Street, and wo bid thorn welcome
amongst us. The boys thank you
for tho 'iMutsslno," ■ llllllo, and wish
you both a happy life,
Peter Bonthnm, from StnndlBh,
LancnBhlro, England, nrrlvod In camp
on Wodnoadny afternoon, and Ib staying with hlfl brother, Albert, In Mor-
rlsBoy Cottngofl, Wo welcome then
In gradoly Lanky fashion, Pote. What
doos tho- think o' t'lilllo, lad?
Tliat hardy bird; tho stork, lias not
got shot yet, for ho was aeon perching on tho houBo of Jim Parson'*,
MorrlflBoy CottagoB, on Thursday
mornlnef, and when romoyod ho lind
loft a bouncing boy to gladden tho
lioarlB of Jim and IiIb wlfo. Ploaned
to Bay that,mother and batiy are do*-
liif well,    juii is still smiling.
Tllchavd Brooks fiu^taiuevi Injuri-^
to his foot through being cruahed between trip enr«, while following his
ornploymcnt an minor In No. 1 faint
Mine on WortnoBdny evening.
SHANKS—On Tuoflday afternoon,
from pnoumonln, Alexander, tho Infant
eon of Mr. and Mrs. J. Shanks, ngod
six months. Tho funeral took placb
on Wednesday afternoon, Iter, Pear-
non, of ProBbytorlnn OhureM'
Inn at tho graveside. Tho sympathy
nf the roHldents ko ont to tho bnwvv.
cd onoi. i
Mr. and.Mrs. John Shanks dcsl»o to
thank tha residents for tbo many ox-
rresrlons ot sympathy extended to
them during their recent sad bemvo-
Mr. and Mrs. Robichaud drove into
camp on Sunday last to take in the
sights of our beautiful burg with its
high rushing waters, etc.   Tut, tut!
If you want to see the humors of a
down South barber shop take in the
concert on Monday, June 2nd. Come
and hear Pompey Suds, Jumbo, and
also eJrico in his great stump speech.
Tickets BOc. for concert and dance.
Don't forget the Derby day, "feoal
Creek vs. Fernie, on Saturday, 31st.
Come and boost for the boys in red.
The Inauguration ceremony of the
Loyal Order of Moose, Fernie Lodge
ld&5, will take place in the K. P.
Hall on Monday, June 2nd, at 7.3Q p.m.
All candidates are requested to hand
in their medical examination slips to
the responsible parties who issued the
application forms, before June 2nd.
After the Inauguration a concert and
social will be'held, commencing at 9
o'clock. All candidates can obtain
an invitation card for a friend by applying to the party who issued the application form. Any person desiring
to.join the Loyal Order of,Moose can
do so by communicating with James
Stirling or R. Billsborough.
Mr. James Stubbs made a business
trip to the North Fork on Friday.
Doctor Delaney Is in camp attending to Doctor Mackenzie's practice
while he is on his vacation.
Mr. Barney Irio was at Macleod this
week on business.
The many friends of Mr. William
Grafton are glad to see "him around
again. He has been sick for a long
Bellevue Local Union held their
meeting on Wednesday last. It had
been postponed from Sunday on account of the funeral of the late Thos.
The Crow's Nest Hardware Company who have been doing business in
camp for som«» rime, have sold their
stock and Stephen Humble has bought
it. Mr. Humble has decided to build
a warehouse on to his store to accomodate his- ever-increasing trade.
The Order of Eagles are now occupying their new hall over the Bellevue Drug Store.
TSe"BeHevue~fairor—has movedThls
business from the Hart Block to the
store adjoining A. I. Blals' store.
Everyone is doing it! What? Painting their places of business. Good
times for the painters.
The football team had a good prac-
tlco game on Thursday night.
Inspector Asplnall paid the Bellevue
mines a visit again this week.
Somo of the Bellevue boys are attending tho examination for minors'
certificates at Frank this week. Some
are aftor pit boss papers and others
aspire to fire boss. Hope you are successful, boys.
Mr. Frod Padgett was nominated
from the Macleod District meeting to
tho * annual Methodist Conferonce at
Medicine Hat this week. Ho leaves
with tho Rov. W. Irwin Immediately.
Mr. David Hyslop, of Coleman, will
occupy tho pulpit at tho local church
on Sunday, Juno lst.
Six of tho Bollovuo Band went to
Colomnn on Saturday to help out the
town band thoro at tho sports.
Bllllo ChnppeH'B marc, Quoon of tho
Woods, captured first place In tho
pony raco at Cowley on Saturday.
Mr. Watson, of Frnnk, Is now in
«amp mnnnglng tho Bollovuo Drug
■Mr. Edward Dickon arrived In camp
this wook from Denby Main, Yorkshire, England, "
Mr. Joseph StophonBon was In camp
on (i visit to his brother this week. Ho
returned homo to Chinook on Saturday,
Mr, Jack Clark and Edward Barkor
arrived ln camp this weok from Yorkshire, England,
Quito a crowd of pooplo took In the
sports at PasBburg on Saturday. MIbb
Olive Goodwin brought homo a nlco
Tho Bollovuo Band gave nn open-
air concort on Sunday afternoon. Tlio
program coiiBlBtod of some olglit numbers,
Tho nollovuo Local Union refrained from nominating any on? for tho
position of President at their mooting
on Wednesday.
An Italian minor was slightly Injured at No. 2 Mine on Wednesday by
a fall of coal, Ho is doing fairly
woll at tho hospital.
The Bollovuo Band \Ml glvo an
open-air concort on Sunday afternoon,
,Tunn 1 nt, wontbor nurmlttlti" Tb"
following program will ho rnndnrod:
March, "Third Grenadier Guards";
fantnala, "Continental Tour"; nlr,
"Death of Nelson"; Boloction, "Hlbor-
nia"; march, "Tho Ambassador";
military patrol, 'Advance and Retreat"; Hoiecilon, "Song'i of Sunday";
Gad Save tho King.
♦♦<H»<yo**4> +***4hM>4M>
♦ .   ♦
*♦*♦♦♦♦•* ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*•»
A party of lrosmcr's smart s«t wero
served with summonses for *
breach of tho poaco at Pernio recent-
Jy, The matter was hushed np m
nothing further ivtn boon heard
Quite a difference between miners
others breaking tbe Uw It seems.
Jack McKay had the misfortune to
badly sprain his ankle while trying to
emulate Frank Gotch, which will re-
suit in him being chained down for
J. Grant gave an invitation dance in
and others breaking the law it seems,
night last in honor of Empire Day.
A bunch of local capitalists have
formed a combine and taken over the
management of the Royal Hotel. They
started the ball rolling with a.big powwow, dancing and beer sampling being
large items on the program. Watch
things hum!
Messrs. W. White and H. McDonald
left Saturday morning for Vancouver
to take in the Knights of Pythias Convention, and incidentally to have a
good time.
Hosmer met Bellevue in a league
fixture Saturday last, the 24th. There
was a big crowd on hand to witness
the game > Hosmer were confident of
gaining the points, and Included the
two Adamsons transferred from
Fernie, in their line-up. Bellevue won
the' toss and. set Hosmer to face a
strong sun, which, as events turned
out, proved to be their undoing. The
first half was a cracker, with Hosmer
forcing the pace, but being unable to
get the leather between the uprights.
Close on half-time a misunderstanding
between Hosmer's defence resulted in
Marsh managing to scrape the ball
into the net for Bellevue with what
proved to be tbe winning goal. Hosmer started the second half with
great intentions, but they had taken
too much out of themselves before
the interval, and with Bellevue defending stubbornly and having a? little
luck in between, Hosmer had to. retire beaten, after having most of a
game in which the defence on both
sides bore off the honors.- Mr.
Schi-am, of Coal Creek, was referee.
George Miller left for Frank Sanatorium to try and get his rheumatism
boiied , out. Here's. hoping you succeed George.
Thebaseballers journeyed to Waldo
on the 24th to try and land the $100,.
but, like the footballers, have a hard
luck story to tell, being nosed out by
a 3—2 score.
John Becket is some bridge, man,
that is to say he knows all about
those structures that grace the B. C.
highways. Of course its the last
thing to do to throw slurs on John?s_
capability. We know there is a given
amount of money to b9 spent on the
roads, and after all it doesn't really
matter how its spent. Well, let it go
at that! '
The sound of the fire alarm the
other night caused quite a' bit of excitement, but. the blaze proved to be
nothing more than a pile of rubbish.
However, .the call resulted ln the fire
brigade being alert, and showing their
Hosmer Local donated $60 towards
the victims of the explosion at Find-
layvllle, Pennsylvania. (Something
really useful. Hosmor.)
A .bunch of our ambitious ones woro
at Fornlo Monday and Tuesday for the
examination for fire bosses.
Tom Fltzpatrick has quit his job as
flro boss on B Level and ls at present
Inhaling all tho fresh air ho can find.
Fernlo Juniors came down to Ho*-
mor with their war paint on, Saturday
Inst, and challenged tho juvenile Hos-
merltos to a gamo at football, who
speedily accepted samo, tho result
ending ln a draw of ono goal oach.
What price tho old cry 'Stay with the
town nnd district and nlways>try to
help tho town"—-that Is to say, do
your trading at homo, and don't Bond
any monoy to Timothy E .   Thoso
people who aro so voclforous In voicing tliolr Bontlmonts on above linos
sometimes form associations to further tho above object. But Bay, Isn't
It ludicrous to seo outsiders kalsomin-
Ing Bomo of our prominent buildings?
Who Bald HoBmor for th'o HosmorltOBj
support homo industry and got your
printing dono In Spokano.
The HoBinor Adult Blblo Class will
hold an Ico cream soolal In the Odd
Fellow's Hall, on Wednesday noxt,
Juno 4, commencing nt 8 p.m. A
hoarty Invitation Ib oxtondod to all
No charge for admission,
ever, by the aid of three players a
little above the 'junior" class a team
was got together, and a good game resulted in a win for Michel by 5—4.
The Seniors made the trip to Hillcrest and brought back two points by
scoring the only goal of the match,
and therefore,atoned a little for their
shortcomings when opposed ■ to the
same team the first match of the season at Michel. It was a good game
played under trying circumstances,
the sun being- so hot and further
changes having to be made in the
team. Michel was fortunate in doing so well, seeing that the team un-
uergoes such changes every week.
Tom McGovern played centre forward
and scored the goal; Albert Moore
taking the place of Alf Ball at outside
right, and Sim Weaver was moved
from half-back to inside left, to fill
the vacancies caused by Harry
Brown's retirement from the game.
The Michel BrasB Baud accompanied
the team to Hillcrest and played selections of lively music during the
game, and everybody returned* ln high
glee, full of praise for the way in
which "they were received by the
crowd of the Hillcrest camp, also the
players and their officials. . Such
treatment deserves  appreciation.
T. G. Harries, now secretary of the
Passburg Local and the other small
camps, paid a flying visit to Michel
last Friday week. Must have been
important, Tom;..when you didn't have
time to visit some of your old aquaint-
ances. ,
Another old-timer was in camp during the early part of-the week in the
person of A. S.* Julian. Alf says he
is not a miner now, and judging by
his appearance he don't look it, either.
We notice quite a change having
taken place in the store of the Tritee-
Woods Co. of late. Mr. Charlie
Spence and his lieutenant, Mr. James
Stewart, having changed places with
Mr. Geo. Oliver and Mr. Cassidy,' the
former now having, charge of the New
Town Store and Mr. Oliver being in
charge of Old Town. What would be
much appreciated by the inhabitants
of old town is a more up-to-date store
than the one at present in use, and
some time to com,e. Being the only
store in town, we expected, seeing a
new one in the course of erection ere
now; but, alas! there's nothing doing
The team to do duty against Bellevue on Saturday at Bellevue is as follows: Goal, Jim Meore; full backs,
Wm. Samuels and Sam Hampton;
half backs, J. Guest,' Bob Hampson
and Sim Weaver; (forwards, A. Arden,
Fred Beddington, Joe Littler, another,
and Bert Davis; reserves, A. Moores
nnd Jess Bisco.
The billposter has been very busy
this week decorating the town and
filling all tho available space with
posters, to announce the coming of
"Yankee" Robinson's* famous three
ring circus, which is due to arrive in
Fernlo on Juno 10th.
"Shall we celebrate?" is the question to come up at a public meeting on
Thursday evening for tho holiday on
"Dominion Day," July, 1st.' The Athletic Association aro anxious to know
the public opinion; surely something
ought to bo dono If only for the sake
of tho kiddles, and Michel wants a
llttlo to liven tilings up—It's, beon a
long time dead,
■Z       "    MICHEL NOTE8
On Thursday ovonlng last a splendid four reel film, entitled "Potro-
slno," wub put on nt tho Opera Hoimo
nnd thoroughly onjoyod, It being
Bomowhnt out of" tho ordinary run
of films.
A danno was hold In tho Opnra
HotiBO on Friday night, whon only a
iiiuufi.uu c-rowa put in nn appearance
lo Uy lliu Hahl SunUmlk't lilu.Hl hv
Betting "a little stale now tho warm
^onthor linB arrived, oh. Joo?
On Saturday quite a number of
Mloholltos   boardnd   tho   ptinnnnRor
^v^i.*. li      WSJ.-..4      *C*V«&'V     .*.*'«*      Yl-C&v,      ..t^ftl*.,}
Emit, though^ to tako In tho different
sports and colobrntlona which woro
held down tho lino, It being Empire
Dny. Tho Mlchol team of baseball
playoni returned all smiles, having
won tho prlzo money nt Colomnn. Tho
amount was $C0, and tjio score 8—3.
Tho Conl Greek Juniors nrrlveil In
Michel on Saturday morning to play
a friendly game with the local Juniors,
although messages bad been lent to
postpone tt for that day, on account
ot soma of tbe locals having made
other tmtnirementt previously. How-
the sample room of the King George
Hotel on Saturday, May 31.
•Taber now has an industrial commissioner, F. C. Campbell, of Seattle,
is the man. He will be paid jointly
by some real estate men of Calgary,
and the Taber Board of Trade, who
will get the money from the town
The Ogllvie Flour Mills Co. are Intending to erect an elevator here this
Our old friend Bob McAllister was
in town on Monday with a load of
grain. Bob is one miner who Is making a success of farming. He is going in for raising seed wheat as a
specialty. Bob took first prize for a
sheaf of wheat at the Taber exhibition
last fall.
Walter Gwllllams was In town from
his homestead on Tuesday. Walter
has nearly two hundred acres of crop
in this year. ■
, The Canada West Mine started
work on Wednesday after being idle
nearly two weeks.
The compensation case of John
Curlock was decided In his favor.
Judgment was for one hundred and
fifty dollars.
The Eureka Mine has opened up
again. .It i3 rumored around town
lhat a new company has U-ken it over
with W. K. Bullock a$ manager. .
Work ls proceeding on the foundation of the new electric light plant.
The work necessitates taking out a
part of the concrete flooring of the \
power house . and in breaking this
down on Wednesday Ernest Marsh received a bad. cut over the, eye from a
piece of stone.
The son of George Shaefer is recovering. It comes pretty.heavy on
a man at this time of year to pay doctor's bills. At the, time of the accident neither of the mine doctors were
in reach and Dr. Harris was called
on and Schaefer had to pay him 15
dollars. It Is about time some arrangement was made, so that a man
who pays a monthly fee to a doctor
should not be soaked in this manner.
Jim Wilson has sold his property
south of the track.
The "made-in" Canada, train will
stop in Taber on June 3rd. Last year
this train did not carry an article
made by union labor.
and especially the ladies who so kindly gave the supper cannot be too highly praised for their efforts,' and were
deserving of the success achieved. It
is only hoped that this is a commencement of a series of these concerts.
Undoubtedly we are in for a good
time at Beaver Mines. Good luck
to the boys of the orchestra and their
future efforts.
Insect bites and stings, blistered feet
and sunburn! These three things, or
any ono of them, may Bpoil some days
of your vacation, or make your work
a bore! Zam-Buk is the remedy you
need! It takes tbe " burn " out of
these red, inflamed patcheB where the
sun has got home on you; It eases bad
mosquito bites, and it soothes, and
heals blistered feet and hands.
In the hot weather young babies suffer greatly from heat spots and chafed
places. Here, again, Zam-Buk will give
almost instant ease! Mothers should
always keep Zam-Buk handy, and
should use Zam-Buk Soap for buby'g
bath. '
For cuts, burns, and more serious
skin diseases, such as eczema, blood-
poisoning, etc, and for piles, Zam-Buk
Is absolutely without an equal. All
druggists aud stores 50c. box or Zam
Buk Co., Toronto.
Last Chance!
Hundreds flock to
People of this section
storm the Sale' for bargains.
Come to the electrifying finish of the big sale.
Sale positively closes
May 31st at 11 p m.
Victoria Day passod oft very quietly In Tabor. There was no sports of
any kind, A number of pooplo took
ln tho celebration at Garry Lake,
Tho Taber Football Club Ib entering a toam In the Distriot Loaguo. It
Is to bo hoped that thn Longuo lasts a
llttlo longor this yoar than last, There
Ib no baBOball toam In-this town this
season, so a good football team will
llkoly got good support.
A concert Is bolng hold In Cousin's
Hall on Wednesday night In aid of St.
Thoodor's Church,
13d. Brown Ih building nn addition to
his Iioubo this wook.
Pat Jordan, of Chinook, was a visitor In town on Saturday. Uo spent
tho day In renewing   old   acquaint-
An old timer was In tdwn today ln
tlio porBon ot Jim Boylo, who was hu-
Ing a mine operator at Coal City for
his wages, It scorns that whon Jimmy j
quit tho man Burford gavo him short
time, and held back his yardage and
Homo noal. Tho caso was up boforo
Magistrate Layton, nnd ho dooldoil In
4,tvi-Ji' oi ijujk:, jiu-rtuvur ijuriorii
urVti'il fw' h'-'ivc lo -aj-pcaj, whidi iua
Tlio young son of Bert WrlRlit, the
Jownlor, hnd a narrow escape from
dei^th on Saturday.    Tho   boy   wan
a ball nnd lost IiIb hold, falling to tho
ground. Tlio blow rondorod him unconscious, Doctors Harris nnd Loach
woro cnlk'd nnd It was about 10
o'clock boforo tho boy rogalnod con-
John Koss, chief Inspector of
BfthrtMs for tho province was In town
Inst week on business In concctlon
with the schools.
J-J. Ainsworth, superintendent of
roads, was In town this week.
Tho ladifs of the Csthollc Church
aro havlnw a pantry and apron sale In
One of the most successful concerts
ever held at Beaver Mines took place
on the night of the 23rd inst., under
the auspices of the newly formed
orchestral society in the Pioneer Hall,
and was very largely attonded and
proved a huge success. The following program was rendered: First
part-r^Addross by the Chairman, Mr.
W. T. Hamilton; march, Under the
Dougle Eagle, Orchestra; song,"Mrs.
McVicar, Dreams, Just Dreams; piano
solo, Miss Dorrls Secotte; song, Mrs.
T. J. Moore, Garden of My Heart;
Girl j violin solo, Mr. J. Crawford;
song, 'Mr. 1-1. Drew, Whoro the Illver
Shannon Flows; Royal Mall, Orchestra; comic selection, Mr. A. Hamilton; violin solo, Master A. Secotto;
song, Master W. Huff, Just Boforo tho
Battle Mother; song, Mrs, McVicar,
I want to bo In Dixlo; piano solo, Miss
Dorrls Secotte; song, Mr. W. T.
Moody, "I'm tho Bioko that Brought
the Coals; song, Mrs. T. J. Mooro,
Silver Threads Amongst the Gold;
two-step, Crackor Jack, Orchestra;
song, Mrs. It, StlonhoiiBO, I'll tako you
home again, Kathloon; violin solo, Mr.
J. Crawford; song, Mr H. Drow, Annie
Laurie; Hooligan's Cako Walk,
Orc'liosta; comic selection,. Mr. A.
Hamilton. Mr. J. Crawford officiated
ns conductor and tlio wholo of the
artlsta gave a vory croditabio display,
creating roars of laughter and np-
plaiisb, This wns followed by a ball
and siippor, ovor forty coujiloH taking
part,   The promotors of this concort,
We carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
, Satisfaction guaranteed or money, back
Phone 103        :*;        Frank, Alta.
The Store the People Own"
Having the Largest Trade, we carry
the largest New Stock of Union-
Made  Clothing  for  miles  around
ALL NEW GOODS-Bought and Sold for
Use, and Not for Profit
GLOVES CLOTHES arriving daily
Keep tho Money in the Pass
"The Quality Store"
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots
"House of Hobberlin'VClothing and also Regal Shoes
Just arrived, another,,shipment oi
Extra Choice Eating Apples
$1.75 per box
Good Sound Cooking Apples, $1.50 box
■Frnsh vf'iri't allies throo tiniM n \toolt.
Strawberries on Saturday
Tlu; HiKht Goods, The Right, Tr.nitnient,
The Hiu'l.l Price, cnehiiiitl every time.
We have always allowed 10 per cent.
off dry sroodH, nnd 5 per cont. off
jrroeerii-s for cash.
Phone 25
Victoria^ St.
Blairmore, Alta. PAGE SIX
Private Employment
Agents Daylight Robbers
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
ls no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking'chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —•
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see™ Ua_unuc-
Civic Employment Bureau Is Certainly
Needed to Counteract Graft
"These employment agencies in this
city are just carrying on daylight robbery! That's all it is!" said Magistrate Sanders to the legislative committee in Calgary recently.
Magistrate Sanders did not mince
his words.
"I am in a position to know what
these employment agencies are doing,
and they are the worst I have ever
seen anywhere. In many of those
Ninth Avenue dens there are gambling places behind and all sorts of
crooked work goes on both openly and
secretly. The condition is terrible.
Plenty of evidence can be got without
any difficulty. They are in with the
foreman hero and elsewhere. The
agencies all over the province are the
worst possible for the working men,
and for the cities affected. There
should be an investigation.
"Why, only a day or two ago," continued the magistrate, "eight men
came down here from Rocky Mountain House and wanted to get jobs
in British Columbia. They arranged
it through these agencies and woke
up to find themselves back at Rocky
Mountain House. They had been
shipped back to the foreman they had
just left. Two hundred men are
brought into this city for every fifty
men called for, and the result is that
men are standing idle at every turn.
When it isn't done openl/ it goes on
"As for the Associated Charities
handling these,-men—that's all nonsense," continued Magistrate Sanders.
"These men try their best to,, keep
away from the Associated Charities.
They are not vthe kind of men who
want to go there. They aren't in the
charity class. I do not mean to say
that the Associated Charities do not
do any good. They1 do good, but
you are not going to get these people
there for work."
This severe castlgation of local em-
A Futile Act
Farm   Life
and   Health
COAL mining: rights of tho Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and In a portion of
tho Province of British Columbia, may
be  leased   for  a  term  of  twenty-one
Soars at an annual rental of il an aero,
ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasea
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must bo made
by tho applicant In person to tho
Agent.or Sub-Agent of the district ln
which th« rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must bo
d«Hcrll)*u(l liy suctions, or lugal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall bo
staked out by the applicant himself,
Each apllcntlon must be accompanied
by a fee of |6 which will bo refunded If
tho rights applied for aro not available,
but not otherwise A royalty shall bo
paid on the merohantnblo output of tho
mine at the rate ot five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon. If tho coal mining
rights aro not being operated, such
returns should bo furnished at least
once a year.
Tho lease will Include the coal mining
rlghtB only, but tlio lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered no-
cuHtmry (or thu working of thu mine
at the rato of $10,00 un acre. ,
For full Information application
should be made to tlio Hocretury of tlio
Department of tho Interior, Ottawa, ur
to any Agent or Sub-Agont of Dominion Lands,
W. W. Cory.
Deputy Minister of the Interim",
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not he paid for.
Many farmers never send for a doctor from one year's end to another.
But this is not a sure indication that
they and their' families axe perfectly
_iiea ltby  ,
ployment agencies was made by Col.
Sanders in the course of an interview
between the advisory board of the
Municipal Labor Bureau and the legislative committee relative to the affairs of the bureau, which was recently abolished by the city council. The
interview had been arranged by Miss
Wileman in an effort to have a readjustment or a reorganization on
new lines. So far as Miss Wile-
man's object was concerned, the meeting was a failure, but Col. Sanders
took advantage of the opportunity to
give some straight talk to the aldermen present on the condition of affairs.
"I think I could show that Calgary
has reaped a big return from the
money .expended on the bureau," he.
asserted. "The suffering from lack
of employment in this city was less
than ever before.
"Of course, I know the objection to
the management. I understand that
feature of it. But from what I have
observed I should say that Miss Wile-
man, is quite able to handle this sort
of work. She is familiar with it. I
admire her pluck, although I must say
that I don't think it Is the right position for a woman to be in."
Mr. Harold Riley, who was also
present as a .member of the advisory
board of the Municipal Labor Bureau,
introduced the discussion by stating
that he thought some representation
should have been made to the board
other than what had been published
in the newspapers. , He thought that
something- might have been gained -by
consulting the board when trouble
first arose. None of the members,
who constitute R. B. Bennett, M.P.,
William Georgeson, Col. Sanders and
Harold Riley, had received any official notice. Alderman George Ross
was under the impression that the
board had ceased to exist when the
organization was completed last year.
He explained that there had been no
intention of slighting the advisory
board. The bureau had been abolished because the city felt that the returns did not justify the deficit of
Miss Wileman was accorded a hearing. She stated that the investigation had .been conducted while she
Avas away and the information given
to the council was very limited and
was not in any way indicative of the
work done. The treasurer's statement, only included the amount of
money turned in after all bills were
You—for instance—may not have had
thc doctor for years. Yet it is safe to
say that you DON'T always feel fit
and well. Many days in the year you
don't feel like working. You may not
have to stay In 'bed .but you DON'T
feel just "right."
That miserable feeling Is usually
caused by Indigestion, Dyspepsia, or
You would welcome relief if you
could get it—wouldn't you? Well, you
can get .relief—any time you need it —
quick and positive relief. Tako 15 drops
of Mother Selgcl's Curative Syrup —
tho great English remedy for ALL
stomach disorders, It will set your
stomach RIGHT nnd KEEP It right.
It's almost purely herbal—Nature's own
remedy for sick stomachs. It has been
used In England for ovor 40 ^ehrs.
Thero it is the Standard remedy for
weak digestions.
Get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup.
Tako lit ri-gularly. Then noto the improvement in your .health.
The Lemieux Act will prove futile
in the long run.
When the basis of society has shifted and a new class is" prepared to
rise to supremacy, the act made to
keep the new class in subjection may
cause the rise of the new class to be
more violent, but that is all.
The feudal lords refused to allow
the capitalist class a say in the government, and the French revolution
The conspiracy laws of Great Britain forbade two workers' getting together to discuss their wages, and a
reign of violence began which ended
only, with the repeal of the conspiracy laws.
Women In England have not the
right to vote. They are adopting violent tactics. Now the right of speaking in public places is 'being taken
away from them. This but drives
their agitation underground, and'makes it morev dangerous.
The taking away of the right of
picketting from the-working class will
cause the working class to adopt the
tactics of the Industrial Workers of
the World. -It will cause the Canadian courts to be regarded with more
disrespect thain ever.
Laws and courts,are only respected
when the majority of the people consider them just and enforcing just
laws. When this sentiment lacks,
then the courts fall in repute.
Bill -Haywood in the states has been
plastered with injunctions from head,
to foot. He has treated them as
simply waste paper.
I do not think the Canadian workers will submit to the Lemieux Act.
No doubt, when sentiment becomes a
little more crystallized, general strikes will be inaugurated in Canada to
protest against political restrictions
and laws which hinder the workers
from1 taking full advantage of selling
their commodity, labor power, for the
best possible price they can force
their exploiters to pay.—Cotton's.
Price, $1.00,
For sale by
Trial size, 5">c.
IM] FERNIE, H.C. ■'■
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Abovo DleasdoH'H Drug Storo)
Phono 121
Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 0.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, ete.
Officea: Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
P. C. taw* Alex.
Ferule, B. C.
L.   H.   PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, ete.
wtt*vr *to** couoMt, eunct cotoa,
nc#tt tm* r»*o*r *no tuna*. *»««r»
Zam-Buk Will End It.
For skin raslios, oruptloris, oczomn,
etc., either ln adults or children, thoro
is nothing known'.to science which
equals Hnm-Huk In tho quickness nnd
cortnfnty 6 fits curative power. Mr.
Raymond Wobbor, of Allnnluim, Out,,
writes: "I linvo tried*, Zam-Huk for
ninny iillmontB, nnd every timo have
found It successful. Somo time ago I
lind n hnd rasb all ovor my body. I
tried bomo-mndo aiilvoa, herb bhIvcs,
and various mode-made preparations,
nnd.tlioBo proved of no uso, hut whon
I tried Kaiii-Iluk I wns cured In a quar-
tor of the time that I had been experimenting In vain with other preparations.
"On another occasion I had ono of
my fliigorfl crushed, nnd In that cnae
nl«o Hnm-Tliik wns tho only rnnindyl
used.   I t licnlcd tlio wound spUm-
"My W>,<* Vinfl bpftlto, nnrt oi\cc n^niti
Znm-Buk brouRht about a comploto
cure. We hnvo also used It tut n
household balm, for tho Injuria nnd
skin diseases whicb am common to
,,,.,.„,.    .,,,,.,in -n     n.wl    n,\*i   .*,.*,..   H,*,l   I,.    ,-*,,..
i    ■• 4      *,*     *        *      , ** '■■-■■ 4        ■"'        ' * **      '   ' >
experience thflre Is nothing to equal
Knm-Iluk owes its unique healing
power to certain herbal extracts It
contains, Unlike most ointments it
contains no poisonous coloring matter, no animal fat, but Is purely herbal,
Por eerema, pile*, blood poison, nb-
(ffttwo, ulc«r«, -ruts, burn*, and all
akin Injuries and diseases It Is without initial and ihould be in ovi-ry
bom.», 50c, box all dniggtstj and
atores. Ua« alio Zam-Buk Soap, 15&
paid and was only a fraction of the
money reeeived. She claimed that
2,500 persons had been placed during
the year. She had been dealt with
most unfairly. She thought, as the
investigation had been carried on
while she was in Ottawa, on leave of
absence from the mayor, and at her
own ex-pense, to promote a Dominion
scheme of labor bureaus, and she had
never been given one single chance to
The work was just opening up this
year and she had only commenced organizing for the season. At the time
of tho Investigation sho had just so-
cured the consent of the C. P. R. to
lake Its hotel labor from the west in
future instead of carrying men from
Tho action of the council had given
an important movemetn n black eye at
a critical time. It would have been
an easy matter for tho council to rectify any mistake in management or to
charge any officials rather than abolishing the bureau altogether.
Alderman Caracalen explained that
nothing could bo done In the way of
re'Csiabllslimont oxcept by a now bylaw passed by tho council,
The Interview concluded without
any resolution one way or another
from tho legislative committee, The
Inforemco was that the matter was
dond. Tha commlttca was apparently not sympathetic to Miss Wlloman's
efforts.—Alberta Fodoratlonlst,
Contempt of court judgments
against Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank Morrison, the labor
leaders, for their violation of a courts
injunction in the noted Buck Stove
and Range case were affirmed today
by the district court of appeals, but
the jail sentences imposed were held
to have been too severe. The court
reduced Gompers' sentence from one
year to thirty days, and declared that
new-found power, tie Belgian working
class has made its position doubly
strong for £he future. It will bo far
easier to launch a general strike In
the future; a'second call will bring a
far larger-and more immediate response.
By their act of self-control in ;he
hour of triumph the Belgian workers
have laid the true and only foundation
of permanent power solidarity—confi i
dence in themselves and the unmeasured respect of their enemies.
If the Radicals Had Won
Suppose, instead, the radical attitude haa prevailed aal at the moment
when the government had promised to
take steps with its slow and cumbersome machinery to reform the suffrage of Belgium the unions would
have thrown into their teeth, "We
accept no compromise, we demand immediate surrender. You will have to
immediately abandon all your own
laws and constitutions and break
them yourselves in order to give us
what we demand."
In the first place, the example of
an entire class by its economic might
demanding an Immediate abdication of
government and law—asking tho government to break the existing lawii,
would ln all likelihood have precipitated upon it the opposition of international capitalism.
Such a demand would be considered
by the prevailing opinion of the world
as an act of irresponsible outlawry.
With the cry that order and law was
threatened by a mob, the neighboring
governments would have easily found
excuse to render such aid as was necessary to crush the working class of
In the second place, such an attitude would have alienated all that
large class of workers who now waver
between the old society and the new
and it would have cut off the support
of that element in Belgium outside the
workers who supported the strike.
Thus weakened, had they failed to
force their demand, they would have
had to face a defeat that would have
put the working class movement of
Belgium back almost a generation.
A second general strike would not
have been possible for many years
and this splendid engine ot power
that has been built up by a generation of labor and sacrifice would have
gone temporarily to smash.
Now the engine is Intact; it can be
used at any* time, and it is stronger
than ever.
The winning of the Social revolution by the workers depends upon the
building up of an intelligent and self-
disciplined majority; such a majority
cannot be built up without gaining
the allegiance of the large neutral element that has a social rather than a
ter class winning. ,  The - individual j
capitalist will surrender any principle
to escape immediate loss of his property through the complete, suspension of industry.
This is a lesson particularly to
those American workers who have
been taught toy selfish and blind mis-
leaders that Socialism means, violence
and unrestrained radicalism and the
destruction of real trade unionism, for
here we have an example of what matured Socialist unionism really means.
It is the only kind of unionism that
makes war, violence * and blood-shed
impossible and makes the bloodless
change of the world and the emancipation of labor possible.---The Inter-
Mountain Worker.
Mitchell and. Morrison merely should
be fined ?500 each.
"The Supreme Court of the United
States undoubtedly will be asked to
again review the decision.
"Unlike previous decisions in this
case, which have been unanimously
against the labor leaders, the court of
appeals was divided, Chief Justice
Shepphard dissented, held that contempt of a federal court was a crim:
inal offense and that the statute of
limitations had run In the case."
, The United Mine, Workers ,in Iowa
are planning the creation of a legal
department to prosecute personal in-
Jury cases of members.   ,   "
The Legislature of Oklahoma has
passed a law, effective July 1, forbidding the shooting of coal from the
solid. It is provided that thereafter
the coal to be shot down shall bo cut
to a depth of at least six inches greater than the length of the hole in which
the explosive is to be placed. ■
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone in every room,
Sample Room* on Main
Business Street..
The new premium liBt for the Spokane Interstate Fair is out and contains an unusually liberal list of
prizes for exhibits from indlvidunl
farms and ranches. It Is surprising
that more people in this section do
not compete at this show, as the
prizes aro well worth trying for, Wo
have received several copies of this
list and nnyone wishing same may get
one at this offlco, or copy will bo
mailed on request to the Fair Association. Wo note that tho Fair Is to
be hold the week of September JCth,
two weeks earlier than usual.
A press roport, from Cardiff, Wales,
states that the Issue of £2,000,000 of
stock of tho Cambrian coal combine,
the latest undertaking of D. A.
Thomas, the British conl magnate,
was n success, The common stock Is
bolng dealt In freely at a promlum of
20 per cont,
Survey ofthe Great
Belgian Strike
Hy a voto of four to one tho representatives of tho Soclnllst unions of
Dolgluin ratified tho act of thoir loaders In parliament nnd tho most remarkable Htrlko In history enmo to nn
end In the mirrondor of tho'DolglAn
government to the demands of thc
Tho one-fifth that voted ngalnst calling off tho strlko represents tho mow oininent;, This element favored continuing tho strike until tho government was forced to Immediate sur-
,..*, * ..
T\\f (•(\iwrvnl\vf r>\t"mi*Tit An Wit-
trndft unions all ovor tho world will
laud the action of tlio four-fifths who
voted to give tho government timo to
mnko tho necessary changes that will
liy.Uif*'  In   lltn Jlttlirtr^*^   tvn-rT/Ar*? Ihrt rtrift    tmtirnttttt,,.  i*,r.  „,.!!
covered that thoy possessed a power
grontor than tho government, thoy ro-
frnlnod from using It abruptly'to overturn a hostile government, but gavo
tlmt government n chance to mnlio
t'linngoH nnd modifications In tho direction of Justice and democracy,
Tlio main object of" tho strlko had
beon accomplished; tho working cIobh
had mado a demonstration of power
nnd capacity never before dreamed of
In tbo history of tho world, To follow this with n demonstration of solf-
',.. i .* •". i       ,. -   *      .»     i   .
. I..,, .....44, ,,utlt.l.l.V        VtMli ilXJ.i't.tJttiiUt
nnpnrMWf-fl    In    Ihr   Vilr.ldr.v pf 1bc
world, constitutes in our'estimation
tbo most Jmpreaslvo thing In tbo his-
tory of labor.
Such an example of self-discipline
* *.     r*A r* */• n
man one voto system.
Tho radical H element In the trado
unions all ovor tho world will laud tho
action of tho ono-flflh who voted to
continue tho Btrlke until tbo government waa forced to Immediate surrender.
We belleTe that hlilory will show
that thi four-fifths wore right and <be
one-fifth were wrong.
We believe they $tct«d la that
supremely wlae manlier that lays the
foundation for permanent results.
Jost At the moment that they dfa-
wlth a sens© of working class powor
than ovon tbo solidarity tbat won tho
..For the power by which you master yourself Is far greater*, far mori
Impressive, far mere useful to society
and civilization than the power by
which you master your feet.
Confronted by this donble manif*s*
Utlon of power the ruling: class of
Otlgtam understasdi in no uncertain
manner what It will, him to face If It
fulls to redeem Its pledges; for in refraining from pushing to the limit Itt
class interest. This element is bound
to join that class that displays the
greatest sense of social justice and social responsibility.
Lessons From the Strike
The Belgium strike is an historic
example of what the working class
can do w'hen it is class.conscious, well
organized and has developed a constructive policy and ah element of
strong,' wise and thoughtful men.
It is an example of that condition to
which all labor is growing. It is a
glimpse of the future of even benighted American Labor, for we are all
passing through tho stages through
which Belgium and German labor has
Wo are all slowly and painfully rising to that mature development that
spells tho quiet self-contained power
that accomplishes bloodless revolutions and ro-makes the world.
By moans of tlieir unions, tliolr Socialist party and thoir great co-opera-
tlvo movoment, the Belgian workers
have attalnod something that all tho
workers will yet attain,
To reach this point of power is to
reach a point In tho inspiring drama
of world transfiguration toward which
all tho forces of tho world have tolled
Blnce the beginning of time.
For the power of organized labor,
whon It ' Is Intelligent, constructlvo
nnd self-controlled Is so gront thnt It
Is tbo only power on earth capable,of
nchlovlng world chnngcB without violence. ,■■■"■•*,."'
The strike Is tbo most grossly mis-
nnmod thing In tho world, for It does
not consist In striking or smiting but
In tho very opposite—ln peacefully refusing to bo worked.
It Ih the iisoful olomont simply withdrawing from production until tho
world makes torms with It.
It Is tho now way of fighting Blmply
by folding tho arms nnd doing nothing.
That tho timo hns como whon conflicts cnn bo won simply by folding
tho arms spotilts eloquently of tbo nd-
vunco of civilization.
The wonderful thing about tho Belgian, strlko lu tbat It worked truo to
this program and that a half million
workers wrostod a political victory
from tho miiHtor class that could not
hnv'o been so won In nny previous
period of tho world's history without
An equally won Awful .frjil'urt i*J »u>
etrlko Is that violence bad boon rendered Impossible simply because tbo
government's Tlolont arm -tho nrmy
—•had boon rnndered paworloHfi by tho
No strlko that ever happened before
has os clearly silowri tho utter and os-
Bontlal weakness of tho owning class
nnd tho utter and essential strength
of tho working class in a struggle
where tho working class has r«klly
reached a condition bordering on matured development.
With the workers In the Industries
class conscious, and solidly united
and tbe workers In the army and navy
-equally class conscious, thew ts bo
possibility of bloodshed In such *
conflict and no possibility of the mas-
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
A Flash of
Is just as likely to strike
the house of the uninsured
. man aB tbat of his more prudent neighbor. No building
is Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time there is a thunderstorm.
Sole Agent for Fernie
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
Billiard and
Pool  Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
J. Graham, ?mi
Over McLean's Drug Store
Our new Suitings are here. Splendid wearers,
handsome tweeds and worsteds. Drop in and inspect them. '
Latest New York and Paris Styles
Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Ladles' Fancy Garments a Specialty.   Feathers,
Furs, Gloves, Ladles' or Men's Hats cleaned or
dyed nnd blocked, any style.
At reasonable prices.
Out-of-town work attended to promptly
were the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all tho time at
8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
the Best of
Fino '.Neckwear, Sox, Caps(| Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots & Shoos, como to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold with a guarantee that if not satisfactory, you can return it and got your monoy back ■/}
Fernfe-Fort Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
A. McDougall. Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
P. Garosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Moals that tasto liko.
mothor uaotl to cook
Best in the Pass
Joe. Grafton, Proprietor.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay hssk.
List of Locals District 18
Bonvor Greek'.,	
Burmis •	
comin ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
«P'C/n«d P. O  ADDnnCQC
T.\VheaUL'y,l)uukhL%<2,AlU, ,.,....,...„*„  , ,
Wm. Davis, Denver Crook, via Pluchor,
Jftmo-s Burke. Box 3*1 Ilellevuc Alta.
W. I*,- Evans, BlRlrmoro, Alta.
T, a. Harries, Passburg, Altn.
j. j'jiciicii, c<uu\kuvi<tta, cowman, &iu.
N, D. Tbaebuk, Cnnraorol' Altn,
W, arulmni, Coleman, Altn.
J. JonoB, Corbin, B, O.
Por our Foreign Brothers
Mati Jones   §e   Vedno   v   Krempijih
VojaSke drhali.      Barbarske raz-
mere tamakaj vpijejo do neba
, Fred par tedni bila po dnevnem
Casopisju raznesena vest, da je premo-
garskl Strajk v Paint in Cabin Creek
dlstriktu West Virginije konfian in da
se premogarji vraCajo na delo. .
Ta vest hi bila resniCna! Paul J.
Paulsen, Clan mednarodnega odbora
U. <M. W. A., poroSa iz Charlestona, da
Strajk Se nl konCan in da glede spora-
zuma so premogarji In lastniki pre-
roogokopov tako narazen kakor so bili
v zaCetku fitrajka. Reanlca je, da je
Governer Hatfield predlagal nekakSen
"kompromis," po katerem naj bl straj-
krpi dobili devet urni. delavnik in
plafio dvakrat v mesecu. Do sedaj so
delali deset ur in plaCa je bila enkrat
ve mesecu. Baroni premoga so spre-
jell "kompromis" in premogarji so 26.
aprila sklicali konvencijo v Charlestons da se dogovorijo, kaj je etoriti.
Po viharnih debatah so premogarji
sklenill, da sprejmejo "kompromis"
pod pogojem Ce lastniki premogovul-
kov ne bodo nasprotovall unlji. Zad-
nji pa niso hotell o tern nlfiesar sliiati.
Premogarji so apeliralljna guvernorja,
toda governor jim je zagrozil, da jlm
da 36 ur fiasa, da se povrnejo na delo
drugafie bodo vsi zaprtl all deporti-
ranl. Na ta brutalni odgovor guvernorja so Strajkarji seveda opustlli
vsako nado za kak sporazum in sklenili so nadaljovati boj do strajnosti.
Polo6aj v sapadni Virginlji je sedaj
Governor Hatfield je sain v straj-
karskem okoliSu na Selu svoje voj-
aske bande in goni premogarje v rove,
kateri se dajo goniti ih tla5i druge v
zapore. ■
Mati Jones, angel j rudarjev in pre-
mogarjev, je §e vedno v vojaskih za-
porih v Prattu in 2 njo vred je zaprtih
enajst drugih socialistov, katere Caka
jefia aii pa vislice pod barbarsko stra-
bovlado guvernerja Hatfielda.
Guverner je na lastno' pest zatrl so-
cialistiCni tednik "The Labor Argus"
;v Cbarlestonu in zaprl tiskarno, da
list ne more ve5 izhajati. Uredniki
lista so v zaporu.
Premogarji so pregnant iz hi§, ki so
veCidel. lastnina baronov premoga in
nastanili so se v Sotorih na zasebnih
Jptah___dobrosr.6nih_ljudi.ji- i—
Nasilje v W. Virginiji preka§a 2e
vsako eiovesko potrpeZljivost. Zapa-
dna Virginia je izmed vseh 48 drJSav
najbolj nazadnjaSka in barbarska,
prava amerlSka Sibirija. Zapadna
Virginia je bila pred 1. 1861 tista dria-
va, kjer je najbolj cvetela zamorska
suinost in kjer se je priSela civlina
vojna; danes tamkaj cvete mezdna
suZnost v najbolj barbarskl form! in
civlina vojna 2e divja eno leto. Kapi-
talisti, lastniki premoga, imajo abso-
lutno vso drZavno oblast,v svojih ro-
kah. Governor Hatfield je njih ponl-
Zhi hlapec, kajtl njegovo izvolltev so
oni kupil. Zapadna Virginia je sra-
mota za cele Zedinjeno drzave in neo'd-
puata sra,mota za demokratlsko vlado
v Washlngtonu, ako se kaj kmalu ne
gane ln ne storl konec barbarstvu in
kavo razmer v gtrajkar skem okolisu
v W.' Virginiji. Resolucija je bila'
sprejeta.' Zvezna vlada je ze lansko
letopreiskavala straik v Paint in Cabin Creek, toda vsa porofiila so pozneje
zaspala v Taftovem vladnem oddelku
za trgovino in delo. Tako daleC sega
moe kapitalistiCnlh tiranov v W. Virginiji! Kaj bodo sedaj naredili de-
mokratje, se bo videlo.
, Plsmo Matere Jones
"Mother' Jones je potom druge
osebe poslala rde5a plsmo na list "Appeal to Reason" z namenom, da zve
delavska javnost, v kakSnem poloia-
ju se nabaja:
Pratt, W. Va., voJaSka bastilja 23,
Aprila 1913. — Zelo resna je situaclja,
v kateri se tukaj nahajamo, tako resna, a zunanjl svet je Se sedaj ne ra-
zume in Bog zna kedaj je bo razumel.
Jaz sem tukaj Ze enajst tednov.
Dvanajst nas je v "poor devilnov," ra»
zen mene Se enajst moSklh, med teml
tudi urednik socialistidnega lista v
Cbarlestonu in en nafi govornik John
Brown. Njegova Zena in otrocl zunaj
gladu umirajo. Zdl se ffam, da sllSi-
mo jok malih po ocetu, zdihovanje
Zene, aii kaj—ml ne moremo pomaga-
ti; prenasi-Senci zunaj, se pa ne briga-
jo za nje. Menl ni tollko zame, ker
moja naloga se bliZa koncu, toda sree
me boli, ko mislim na junaSke premogarje, :,ki so zaprti v Clarksburgu,
a niti najmanjgi glasek protesta se ne
sllSi njlm v prid. Bili so pogumnl in
zvesti. Zdaj pa trpljo zato, ker* so se
osmelili boriti za pravico. Toda naj
bo; boj se bo nadaljeval, dokler ne.
bodo delavci zadobili v roke stroje in
zapodili postopace, katere sedaj pasejo
Borila sem se dolgo let in se se borim,
Ceprav me imajo razbojniki v je5i in
me Cuvajo s krvnimi psi.
Mother Jones."
Tako pise 80 letna Cestitljiva zeni-
ca, katera je _e nad dvajset let v
aktivnera boju za pravice trpeSega de-
lavstva. Aii je to sedaj njeno plaCi-
lo? Aii je junaika Zent to zasluzila,
da na svojo visoko starost hira v uma-
zani in smrdljivi jefii? Aii bo ameri-
§ko delavstvo mirno gledalo, da sivola-
sa proletarska junakinja prebije'svoje
zadnje dni v vojaSkem brlogu, med
stirimi stenami zasmehovana in zasra-
movana od oboroZenih capinov in bar-
ab, ki so v sluZbi peklenskih satanov
v 51oveski kozi? '
O — delavci! Kje je vas ponos?
Kje-je-eut'cloveeanstva?       ^
I Our Letter Box I
Odmevl v Zveznem Senatu
Senator Kern iz Indian© je 2, maja
prodloZIl v senatu resolucljo za prels-
Pred sklepom lista je doSla sledeCa
vest: ... -.
Charleston, W. Va—Pod silnim prit-
Iskom protestov od vseh strani Am-
erike, zlastl iz vrst organiziranega de-
lavstva in soclali&ti&nlb skupin in pod
pritiskom preteCe vladne prelskave je
Governor Hatfield izpustil iz vojaSke-
ga zapora mater Jones. Zagrozil jl
je pa, da bo ponovno zaprta Co bo prl«
rejala agltatoricne govore. ¥atl
Jones je odlocno odgovorlla, da se bo
borila za premogarje kot doslej. Oar
tall sodrugl so pa Se v zaporu.
Senator Kern ln predsednik Wilson doblvata dnevno na tlsoCe plsem
od dolavcev lz vseb strani republiko.
Pisma vsebujejo zabtov po prlskavi in
za takojSnjo lzpustltov zaprtih. premogarje v,
Nekaj bo lo pomagalo.
Chinook Minos  w. K, HuBhos, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt.
Diamond City J. B, Thornblll, Diamond City, LothbrldRO.
Pornlc... Thoi. Uphill, Fornlo, n. O.
Frank,.,,,...,,  Evan Morgan, Frank, Altn.
Hoimor ..,.,,..,.,.., W. Bnldorstono, TroHnipr, H. C,
Hlllcrest ,,.. Jft». Gordon, Hlllcroiit, Alta. f
Lothbrldgo ..,...,.,,. L. Mooro, 1731 Sixth Avonuo, N. Lothbrldgo.
Lehbridge CoUlerici.. FmnV BArrlngbam* Coalhurtt, Alta.
Maplo Lotff I ,,,.. T. O. Harriet, Passburg, Alta.
MIcbol...  M. Burrell, Michel, n. C.
Monarch Mln», Wm. llynd, Elcan P. O., Tabor, Alta.
Paaaburg T. O. Harrios, rawburg, Alta. '
Royal Vlaw......,,,.. Coo, Jo dan, noynl Collterlos, Lothbrldgo, A^ta
Tabar.. A Patterson, Tabar, Alt*
Of High Glass
Job Printing
District Ledger
B. (-•♦
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Sir,—Will you allow me to reply to
tho letter of Mr. W. B. Phillips. Before-doing so, however, I should like
to say that I do not desire to keep
up any further correspondence, as
my time is very much occupied, and
I do not think it will serve any useful
I was much amused to notice the
severe criticism that my learned
friend made use of with respect to
my letter, but I am prepared to challenge that he cannot use words which
will be more grammatical or will convey to the public my meaning ln any
better way. I will admit—with him—
I am very ignorant; I have no desire
to have all the knowledge, and I have
learned by experience that there are
men who have as great a capacity for
learning as the next; thus It is wisdom, while you think you know something, to take heed lest you fall-
especially when posing on Plsgah'B
Every intelligent wage earner must
admit that it is better to get a little
than nothing at all, and although the
efforts of the Labor Party may have
been weak, they have worked with a
purpose in view—to better the condition of the laboring class. It is rather strange that my friend should object to the Labor Party voting with
the Liberals for measures that are
useful and to which they have agreed
to vote upon as a body. A man is a
traitor who votes with the capitalist,
but when It comes to benefiting his
own pocket, apparently that is all
My friend makes mention of Keir
Hardy.     No doubt he remembers <..a
few years ago .when he was sick at
heart, and it ^yas thought a rest would
do  him good he decided to take a
tour on the continent, and a subscription list was opened in the House of
Commons, a large number of those
cruel (?) men subscribing; why was
not the same objection raised to this?
I am reminded of a friend of mine
in the Old Country who was a Socialist, he was a secretary of a local
union, and every year, or as often as
possible, a public demonstration was
held and speakers were invited.     It
was agreed to invite two members of
parliament to speak, and the two selected were capitalists.     An invita-
persbn to move a resolution at this
meeting, and my friend was proposed
to take this office, but he' objected,
believing it to be contrary to tbe principles of Socialism. However, another
man was elected.   A week after another invitation came   to   attend a
luncheon which took place after the
meeting.     My friend was nominated
again, and without any comment he
willing carried out his duties.
I would like Mr. Phillips to read
again Kler Hardie's letter, for did he
not say that the Labor party has
worked exceedingly well in bringing the working cIhbs closer together for political purposes; and I
venture to say practically all the
39 mombers have been at somo timo
Liberals, oven Kler Hardlo.
I would llko now to deal with one or
two facts that Mr. Phillips Is anxious
to drive home, no doubt with the Idea
of further educating mo.
Statement 1. Ho says that Harvoy
is M. P. for N. 13. Yorkshire.
I say ho never bas beon Jr. P. for
Yorkshire nt nil.
Statement 2. Ho says thoro nro no
aspiring candidates in Fornlo Socialist Party.
If this Is so tho spirit o£ progression ls (load,
I say thoro ls tho snmo doslro for
aggrandisement In tlio Socialist body
tlmt Is found ln othor bodlus, and this
also appllos to Individuals, and I lmvo
no objection to It provided It. Ih not
for a puroly selfish motive,
Rlatnmont No, ?,. Mr. PhllllpH Ima
boon nn offlco sookor,
I novor said bo wn» or ls. 1 was
moroly writing upon tbo ndvlcn Iio
wns Klvlnu, and In doliiR so my ro.
mnrkH woro gonnrnl. Again, I nny I
lmvo no objections to nny man who
aspires lu 11 fo, lot lilm bo a Socialist
or a Llbonil or a Consorvallvo, as lojig
as It. Is dono for tho nood of nil.
Mr, Phillips vonUiros to miy bo hns
boon n trado unionist longer than 1,
I claim to liavo 21 years' unbroken
sorvlco and I think thoro Is a fow
yours dlfforoncft In ngo.
Ho doslroH mo to Htnto to tho rond-
ors tho principle of trndo unionism.
I don't think this Ih necessary as I
bollovo tho rondors nro conversant
with thorn, but In en ho thoy lmvo boon
forgotten I would1 rofor him lo tho
Constitution of tho U, M. W. of A.,
Su ami j, una uio Ijihl cJiuiro of Hoc.
1,     Al-sw Uie ruciftiiil cujo ot ii* 12,
Another quostlon:      "Whoro   and
whon havo I .fought for those prim,
In four conntloH of Rngland for piu
I...-.1   l",   >*i:,»in,        i    nliiiui   ili-.ii   It)   hliy
for bis onllRhtonmont tlmt I lmvo hold
somo of tho most Important officios
thnt a working mnn could bold.
Agnln, I novor quoted Ilurko ns say-
Jng "lot un got on." I wild "let uh
OO on," whlrh Ih quit*1 illtti-n-til nl*
In fonrlimlnn permit mt> >r, i-.'ty thnt
Hfo Is too brief nnd opportunities aro
fnflt pii«Blng. Ah tho workors nro civ
doavoring to get all thoy can undor
tho present system wo cannot afford to spend our <merKlo* In fighting ono another, Imt W ui? *vr ri**
mombor tho grand motto of all trndo
organisations — "United wn ntntiil.
divided wo fall,"
To tho Editor, District Ledger-
Sir,—There are quite a number of
checker players in and around this
District, and it would be quite' an
interesting item for the players to
meet and arrange to have a tourney
for the championship of the district.
Arrangements could be made and collections appointed for same to provide for prizes in the different,classes
of players. Let some of the more
experienced players take this up and
make it public, call a meeting and arrange matters. Hoping this will find
them in good humor. I am,
Yours etc.,
"A Helper" has omitted to enclose
his name and address, and it the matter were contentious we should be
compelled to hold same until these
particulars were forthcoming, fais
suggestion is certainly a good one,
and as correspondence games could
be arranged it should be decidedly interesting. Cheqkers (or draughts) is
a pastime that calls for very deep
analysing, when played properly, and
is one of the many ways whereby the
worker can train his brain to comprehend the*many complex problems
of the present system. However, we
consider it such a worthy object that
we are willing to do all in our power
to promote such a scheme, provided
too great a trespass Is not made upon
After 14 years of continuous agitation the laboring people of Colorado
have secured the enactment of an
eight-hour work day for mineB, smelters and kindred work.
Cemetery Notice
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with thc undersigned.
Funeral Directors '
FERNIE        :: :: :;        B.C.
Canadian Judges, Senators of the
Dominion Parliament, eminent aausl-
dans, and men and women famous
in all walks of life speak highly oi "PepoV the
great   "Breathable   Cure"   for    coughs,   colds,
bronchitis, and all lung and chest complaint*,.
Don't   you think that thia must mean  -quality ?--
Must mean that Peps do what is claimed for them ?
Moat assuredly 1   II this were otherwise, one would not have »n eminent
lawyer li',.0 Judge Fisher of Pembroke opeaklnga dignified word in Peps' favor.
Here is a ljttor from the Judge.   We doubt if there ij another remedy in Canada to-day for which a Canadian Judge has given his testimony J
Judges' Chambers,
Pembroke, Ont,
• [ To tho Proprietors of Pepa, Toronto.
\, Dcur Sim i—
■ | Some timo ago I had occasion to goto Montreal, accom-
ji panied  by my daughter, who unfortunately rontiacted n cold.
I At night the was unafala to fjcr to sloop owinp to a pursintorit and >
> irritating cough.   A friend mptd htr  lo Uy your prspntniion^ J
/ "Peps,"    She used th tin r.nd th-'y promptly nllnyed her cough   -
y and purmittcd her to get to sleep.   It give* me pleasure to tell
)       »• you of the prompt relief "Peps" guvo her.
\       5 Youra duly,
\       5 (Signed) A. A. 1'ISHKH.
)] ,*...■> /VVV\VV%*A*^**^>A/V*-^VVVVVV v^
fl P*jpn nre small partfllua ronialnitig certain medicinal li^rs'liciils, which
fivihen plii ■'*■ I upon tlm tongtio Iminodiately turn into viipcr, and nro : readied
Jrirjvn t;i(! ,iir pa-ranRCH to'lha luiiR.'i. O.t their Journey tl,«>y soothe this ln-
!^i '!'.■.-.« J ti.-.d irritated nipmbrnnun of ihe bronchial tubea, the dellcnto wr.lla of tho
'{■..'. |.[!*.ur.|',cfi, nnd Tiiis'ly enter end cany rotit.f i\nd hcaliiijj to tho capillaries
jjnns; liny fur rucn in lliu lur.|;s.
■J        li t\ word, vhile no liquid or solid cnn net to tho lunffi nnd nlr pan-
"\ ne",, i'„pt funics tfiH ihwu direct; and «\t oin'e commence thoir work ol
Bond Hila ctiu;)cn,
lc, o n:*v lor ixifcinitc, I
ci n il ti ii in •' » ( I li I iv j
l-itliur. to l'ups Co.,
Toronto, nml wc wil,
numl ii f run trial |).k krl ,
oU'-ypn, Pl» fa
kj . Ail iiiiii;[t:stjnnd otoreti cell Pupa
''.•■t Jt.ic, u 'nox or punt l:u> Irom PopH
'; Co., ."Htpimt SUr-jct, Toronto, for price.
.'.'..'.! i':, hii'.mp for trial piicliut and
■ bod!..V.: luring all about Pops.
«'' ,f.
'/^/   -v
BALD AT 26,     RE8TORS5D AT 30.     8TILL HAVE IT AT 65.
Voung Man, Young Woman, Which Do Your Prefer?
A NICE FULL, HEALTHY llcml nf hair on a clmm nnd botilthy sculp,
froo from FRIUTATION, or a HAM) 11MAP nnd it DISMASKD nud lrrllit-
bio ftcnlp povnrnd with im-ilf" r*f,.,.>,i/,"iv ,"iV.■■! \)Ayx.)l'AAAA'AS
your hair nnd acnlp In In n T)18HA8Hn cntidltlon, tin sctiln, commonly cnllod
DANDllUKP, orlslnntflfl from ono of tlw following? ■PAllAHITlCAL DIH-
BA8E8of tho CAIMLLIAIIY Clmidfl, Btitli ah (Soborrhon, Slccn, Ciipltlo,
Toltor, Alopooln or Vky.ininx) nnd cortnlti to riiHiilt In nbaohito HALDNKSS
tinlosfl cured boforo tho (IICUM hint tlio CAPILLARY (llnndH doBtroyod.
HALDNK8S nnd tho LOBS of lmlr Ih »ii8oliit<My iimioeoBimry and vory un*
ALL DIBEA8ES OF THE HAIR Fftd« uwny llko UKW undor mr *clontlflc
trontmont, and I positIvnly havo tbo only «v»toiti of trontmont ho fnr
known to SCIUNCK Utitl U PDHlTIVIvLy nnd I'KH.MAKKNTLY curlnB
DI8HABES of tbo lirtlr and promoting now growth. Tho lmlr can tot, .'ally
roitored to Ita natnrftl thlcknoan and VITALITY on nil head* that -still
■how flno hnlr or fux* to jirovo tbo roots nro not dead,
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM Of »roatm*nt for otit-of-tho-CJTY Peoplo
who cannot como to mo for pnrsonal troattwmt. ^(WRITFJ TODAY) for
quo«tlon bUnk and full PAUTlCUbAHS. Kndosa nUtrop, and motitlon
thit papor, My prlcon nnd K'rmii lirt, runaontiblo My cows nra P031-
"Comult tha Boit, and Profit by 25 Vaara Practical Bxperlanea
Tha World'a moat Scientific Hair and Scalp Spaclallat
$15.00■'■ GRAND SUIT
Just a dress as you would select for practicability, serviceability and becomingness; exceptional
quality of fine soft silks and late weaves of woolens
has been employed in the making of these smart
dresses. The range of colors is complete, including all this season's newest shades, Priced specially at each  : $15.00
WORSTED HOSE • per pair 35c.
Just the dress you would select for practicabil-
for boys and girls. They are woven of extra
strength yarn and made with high spliced heels
and toes in sizes from 5 to 10.    Priced specially at
per pair : : 35c,
$25.00 to $50.00 Ladies' Fancy Tailored Suits $20.00
These Suits have all the good qualities of any
tailor-made at twice the price. They are all silk-
lined, hand-tailored and guaranteed to fit. Special
each  ." [... .$20,00
Made of 3-± inch lisle Clastic web and finished
with patent rubber button to prevent tearing the
hose.    The colors are black and white, per pair 15c
Men's Straw and Panama Hats in great variety
•of blocks ancl qualities: '- -
Split straw Sailors from $1.50 to $6.Q0 each.
Fancy Straw Sailors, from $1.50 tp $3.50 each.
Panamas, all styles, from $7.50 to $20.00 each. 7-
In straw linen and felt, also a big range of: caps
in cloth, felt, leather ancl velvet Priced from 25c.
to 75c. each. \
The season for Canvas Goods is here. Keep the
feet cool and comfortable and you will feel well.
The following is a list of a few of the lines we carry
in white and grey for men and white and tan for
Men's "White Canvas Shoes, welted soles, 6 to 10
Price $3.75
Men's "White Canvas Shoes, a good popular Shoe
at a medium price $2,50
For a cheaper "White Shoe try our line at.. $2.00
Men's Grey "Canvas Shoes, all sizes, at $1.75
Men's Summer Outing Pants
Made in White Flannel, White Duck* Grey, Flannel with blue stripes,
and in light Tweeds.    Made with cuffs and belt to match;    All sizes. =
Priced from $1.75 to $4.50 per pair
For Summer Wear
On Sale Saturday
A very choice selection of Patterns in.
the season's newest Goods; half .
lined,   patch  pockets on
Coat, pants with
ALL SIZES, 36 in. to 42 in., at
The Clothing Special advertised last week will be continued until the 1st of June
- $20.00
Men's "White Canvas' Oxfords, all sizes, 6 to 10,
Price ......;....  $2.00
Men's Grey Canvas- Oxfords  $1.60
"Women's "White Canvas Oxfords, sizes 2^ to 7.
Price , $1.85
"Women's Tan Canvas Oxfords, same sizes. .$1.50
"Women's "White Canvas Pumps, price $1.75
"Women's Tan Canvas Cplonial Pumps, in all sizes,
price  ....; .'. $1.85
'   Misses "White Canvas Oxfords,   sizes   11   to   2.
Price ;.'.  $1.50
ChildrenV "White Canvas Oxfords, 6 to 10M>,
price / '. $1.25
Boys' Grey Canvas Shoes, sizes 1 to 5, price $1.60
Youths' Grey Canvas Shoes, 11 to 13 $1.50
Tuxedo Baking Powder ,; v-.. 16 oz.    .15
"Stewart's Liqiud Blue 2 for   .25
. Cream of "Wheat.  .2 ior    .35
Rolled Oats .'...".  8 lb. sack   .30
Braid's Big Four Coffee, fresh ground, 21b for   .75
Blue Ribbon Coffee 1 lb. tins   ..40
' Cowan's Cocoa  :.V_ lb.- tins    .25
Pineapple! lb tin ;....:...2 for   .25
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz. packets 3 for     25
Prunes , '. 10 lb. box 1.00
Golden Dates  , 2 lb.    .25
Oranges per doz. " .25
Medicine Hat Bread Flour 98 lb. sack 3.00
Tuxedo Jelly Powder 4 pkts.    .25 s
Lemonade Powder 2 bots,    .35
Armours Shield Ham  .per pound < .24
Armours Banquet Bacon  per pound    .25
Veal Loaf  2 tins    .35
Macaroni, 1 lb. packets 2 for    .25
Colombo Olive Oil 1-2 gal. tin 1.15
Matchless Silver Polish per hot.'    .20
Van Camp's Pork and Beans 2 for    .25
Siam Japan Rice 4 lbs.    .25
"White Swan Laundry Soap 12 for    .45
Assorted Toilet Soaps *.' 6 for"" .25
"Washington Onions 6 lbs.    .25
New California Cabbage per pound    .05
New California Beets per pound    .05
New California Carrots per pound    .05
Money Saving Prices
, Ltd.
The Store of
Don't forget the wrestling match at
the' A. A, C. (Ingram's) next Friday
BORN—To Mrs Culshaw (wlfo of
tho late J. Culshaw) on Wednesday,
28th, a daughter.
A special business mooting of tlio
Fornlo Local of tho Socialist Party of
Canada will be hold ln tho baBOiuent
of the Minors' Hall on Sunday evening
at 7.30.
A reconciliation was effected botwoon tho parties Involved ln tlio Cor-
rlgan-Conroy assault caso and Magistrate Whlmstor discharged them alter
binding thorn over to koop tho poaco
for a period of twelve months, tho
breaking of which IncurB a liability to
a flno of $100.
J. W. Bennett and Geo. Barton left
last weok end to attend tho Knights
of Pythias Convention at North Vancouver, being the delegates for Fernie
Lodge No. 31.   ,
Whilst en routo to Elko on Saturday last J..R. Pollock had an accident
with his automobile before reaching
Morrissey, which necessitated the
sending of motor repairs from Fernie.
Tho unoxpected gonerally seems to
bo tho caso on a holiday, and was so
with Mr. P. V. Wholan on Victoria
Day, whon ho hnd his head and faco
badly cut up when alighting from a
train boforo roachlng Galloway.
The Cradle Roll reception will be held
at 3 o'clock at Knox Church on June
3rd (Tuesday).
A quiet wedding was celebrated on
Wednesday morning, May 28th at the
Baptist Parsonage, when William
Green of Coal Creok, and Miss Annie
Kershaw of Standish, Lancashire,
England, were united ln matrimony by
Rov. D. M. Thomson. Tho happy couple left for Coal Creok ln the afternoon, where thoy were accorded a
warm welcome by the groom's numer-
ous friends,
Sorvlco will bo conducted In tho
ProHbytorlan Church on Sabbath evening, Juno 1st, by Mr. H. R. Kay, of
Knox College, Toronto, Ontario. Mr.
Kay has como to Fornlo to organlzo
clnHSQB for tho tonchlng of English to
m . ■■ '.J''" ■     ' ;■■ !■ •   *' 'i"-*t) *'■>■ H; ii "A   >'* ■'
».    »»    fcN*   V     1*    * ■ h   it. :%Si.-xMf".- »'«'i***i«*Mf^&' '!'» ,* r     .
1  '.,
i  .
!'   i'
Ex-President Stubbs and International Board Member Roes will
journoy to Great Falls on Monday to
nttond tho Rocky Mountain Inter-
:.tato Convention of Mineworkers.
On Tuosday ovonln*-, Inst tho C. P,
• I'-i-ot was tho scene ol an oxcltlug
arrost of Thomas Murphy, who attempted to malco a getaway with a
tlckot without turning ln tho necessary cash, Tho tlckot agont gavo
cliaso and whilst tlio two woro strug-
sling Chief Hall and Chief-elect
Brown arrived on tlio scono nnd secured tho prisoner after somo llttlo difficulty, Magistrate WhiniBtor sentenced him to flftoon days imprisonment for making a dlHturbanco and ho
will agnin bo brought up on tho ehnrgo
of theft In connection with the tlckot.
Sorgoant Ambormnn, of. tho local
pollco forco Is away on his vacation,
An atempt is being made through
the agency of the Presbyterian Church
in Canada to organize classes in English and the rudiments of citizenship
amongst tho non-Anglo-Saxons' In th&
various places throughout the Crows
Nest Pass. The representative of this
board ls now ln Fornlo with the object
ot organizing classes both here and at
Coal Creek,
The work is entirely frco from any
hint of denominational fooling. It
has aB its nlm tho solution of the
forolgn problem, and the betterment
of social conditions.
A mooting of all those interested
will bo hold ln the civic chambors,
Juno 3rd, at 8 p.m., at which tho system will bo fully explained and discussed,
.-■A' 'i^i^*tf,r^.ti>%'."^U'^ulQiM'-
-• .*...■> . .^iSSm^A^t09^tiA2'..iiwt:Mt..m9r*m,'illm.f,^....
Manager Miller has a flno program
for tho patrons of this cosy, woll-ycn-
tllnlctl picture house, and among tho
foaturoB for .tonight nnd tomorrow,
matinee and ovonlng, aro tho following
productions!! "Tlio Opon Road,' n magnificent two-rool production of Format Ilakoy'H greatest drama.     For
1    '*.,       *','.'*    1*.', ..'-i 1- ■'•■     t'.J" ■     «
■w-l*At     .tlUilLil}     kit**.*     *u.J,l„;,    .1 it.,,,    -
:uu1 ?,, Ahr F.cblr TYtrwtcrrrtrcrv "Tho
flpoctor nrldogrooro,' In two rnnlti, ml-
nptod from Washington1 Irvlng'B most
fanciful nnd taunting llttlo tales, will
ho projected.
L. O, O, M,
' Tho Installation of thc Fernlo Lodgo
h. O. O; M. will take Placo Mc-cday
noxt, Juno 2nd, K. P If all;' at 7.30
■p.m, Alter tho installation, com*
moneln* at 0 p.m., n concert and to-
clal will tako place, to which nil candidates will Iio privileged to lnvl|to a
friend. Invitation card* can he obtained from those who lamed the application formo, or from tho Secretary, All candidate* are rc-.iun.8ted to
hand ta thoir -modlcal ex&iuluuttitu
■lips to the responsible parties be-
fori Monday evening, . .   " .  .
With tho heavy billing and gonoral
announcements tlio next attraction at
tho Grand Is tho extraordinary engagement of tho Frank Rich Compnny
(eastern) for flvo performances only.
Tho equipment*'and aconlc environments of thia biff aggregation of musical comedy stars, would glvo many
of tho stollar attractions pointers In
tho muslcnl comody flold. Tho Frank
Ttlch Company will pronont a dlfforont
bill nightly nnd tho roportolro for tho
Fornlo dato Is ono that hns boon carefully soloctml. Tho opening bill Wednesday night Is "Vnrloty Islo" ono
01 tho best laughing lilts of two continents, staged with tho utmost caro,
rich nnd olnborato scenery, many
oloctrlchl effects, and dazzling bewilderments, The cast la'hcadod by Mr.
George A, Burton, tho eminent comedian nsslstod by a caijt of olghtoon
ricuiig pooplo ana mo Jiiwotiu "Tw*
SitiMiUtu dii-w  Mo*:  I'^t wiwM
choruses ever attempted In musical
comedy. A carload of seonory Is carried'nnd will lend much to tho high
standard ot oxcolloneo attained by this
.... ... ,   ... .ii11   .. .....ii...
*:.\>ilf,lAu\l t VAVk^vJ    kf.4li      1*4   u.   y»v*.»i
story, woll acted In two acts and two
bcmioh, and owing to tho length of tho
show, which contains twenty or moro
musical numbers, tho curtain will rise
promptly nt 8,30. Usual advance salo
of cholro srmtfl nro now ready.
Best Always
OrguukisrH uu» at work In tho Som-
emet county field of Pennsylvania,
and declaration Is mado that tho field
Is to bo organlgfld this summer. The
organizers maintain that now Is an
opportune) time, as lsbor Is scarce In
that ftcM aud dcnmtt-l t<*r wal !»
heavy slnco freight rates have boen
reduced to tho eastern mark-ate.
The Open Road
Magnificent 2-Reel production of
Forrest Hakey's Greatest Drama
An Excellent Programme
Including 2 European and 1 American Comedies
Edair's Masterpiece
The Specter Bridegroom
In Two keels.   Adapted from Washington
Irving's most fanciful and taunting little tale
■ ■ ...     11 ■ ■.*.■*..
Pictures from many well known Stories nre our Speciality
t 1


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