BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-08-02

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0308940.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308940-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308940-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308940-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308940-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308940-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308940-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 ^ X,
■J      S
indrc&tr&i Vnity is Strength.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. ,W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
■ *»
No.W, Vol. VI.
$1.00 A YEAK
Horrible Tragedy
Enacted in Calgary
Alberta Farmer Shoots Wife and Two
Children Dead With Shotgun and
Then Commits Suicide.
CALGARY, July 28.—A tragedy, unequalled in the criminal annals of
Alberta, was discovered hero shortly
before noon yesterday when George
Robinson, a prosperous farmer of
the Rurasey district, was found'lying
on the floor of the sitting room of
his own 'home, his clothing saturated
with blood1 and the top of bis head
blown completely off.
■ Across his body on the floor was
the Winchester. shotgun with which
the shooting was done, and opposite
him, on the floor, was the body of'
lis wife, a big hole torn lu her right
breast, where a charge of heavy buckshot had entered,' and her face
bruised ahd beaten almost beyond
Two Children  Dead
In the kitchen  of  the  home the
■ twelve-year-old   son   of   the   couple
-was found, his neck almost torn in
two where he had been struck by a
charge from the gun,  while on the
bed  in the rear  bedroom   was the
■body of their three-year-pld (laughter,
' her head blown completely off.
'Three empty shells were found on
the floor of the house and a fourth
in the gun, while furniture was overturned, blood spattered in all direc-
tons, and evidence of a fierce fight
found ia every room.
It is a clear case of murder and
suicide, and from the position of the
bodies and the condition of the .house
the mother had evidently fought hard
to save her children, and after being
beaten,   probably   into    insensibility,
was, shot to death by her husband,
who then' followed 'his little children
into the kitchen and bedroom where
they had attempted to hide; and after
killing them,- returned to the sitting
room   and   deliberately   placed   the
muzzle' of the gun in his mouth, blowing off the top of his own head.
Domestic Relations
,"    When found the bodies of all three.
ofTinTvictims and'the murderer were
badly decomposed, and although the
tragedy   was   not   discovered   until
shortly beforo noon, it is thought to
hayp   occurred   late   on   Wednesday
-'night or early on Thursday morning.
Unhappy domestic relations are believed to be the cause of the quadruple tragedy, as it has been common
talk ln the neighborhood that Mr. and
Mrs. Robinson did not get along well
together. " However,  no recent quarrels had boen noticed' by the friends
and neighbors of the deceased, who
are at a loss to account for the violent
action of Robinson, who wns usually
considered to too quiet, and to keep
, himself well under control.
Official Count
gette hunger-striker, Mrs. Mary Wy-
mitn, Tho woman refused to leave the
prison, however, unless she was unconditionally liberated, whereupon
she was sent lu a taxlcab in charge
of wardresses, to a west end nursing
home. Arriving there she absolutely
refused to enter the home and sat outside from afternoon until midnight,
surrounded by a small crowd of sympathizers and curious onlookers.
Despite all the persuasion of the police, who were warned by a doctor
that Mrs. Wyman was ln a very dangerous condition, she still refused to
movo until, she declared, "the government undertook Its responsibilities."
Finding their efforts unavailing the
police brought an ambulance to the
nursing home and at midnight.removed Mrs. Wyman to a hospital and
thence to tlie Kensington Infirmary.
At the infirmary Mrs. Wyman declared that she would continue her hunger strike.
A New Kind of Strike
LONDON, July RO.—Miss Sylvia
Pankhurst, who is again in Holloway
jail for inciting to riot, has developed
a new method of worrying the prison
authorities. She is In a "sleep strike"
besides refusing food and water.
Two of the women arrested as a re-
suit of the dembnstration outside the
jail last night, were sentenced to two
months in prison.' A heavy guard of
police has been placed about tho jail.
Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst was weaker
yesterday, as the result of her exertions on Monday at the pavilion meeting.
We anticipated tbe count of ballots in election for vice-president
and secretary-treasurer would
have been completed and that our
readers would have figures in this
issue, but we learn, however, that
the tellers will not be able to complete the count until late this evening (Friday).
Katmal Said to be In Eruption, Frightening Them Away
SEWARD, July 27.—The report has
reached Seward that the' wireless operators stationed at Wood Island have
deserted their station because' Katmal
.isJn.eruption-againr—T-he- report-could-
not ,ibe confirmed, although the fact
that the sky has taken on the same
sinister aspect of last year lends
credence to the eruption .report.
Terminates After Twenty-One Weeks
—Estimated Loss Will Be
8uffragette  Carried  to   Hospital   by
Force But Will. Not Break Fast
LONDON, July 30.—A curious
soeno was witnessed. In tho wost end
of London tonight. Tho authorities of
Holloway jail desired to llborato under tho "cat and mouse" net a suffrn-
PATERSON, N.*J„ July 28,—Tho
big silk strike Is over, but not all iho
employees who left the mills 21 weeks
ago woro able to find work today, Tho
manufacturers said thnt they had all
the hands they could uso, until thoy
received orders withhold, pending tho
settlement of the labor troubles, Tho
contral strike committee of tlio Industrial Workers of the World has boon
dologated to mako official declaration
of the end of tho strike tomorrow.
It Is estimated that tho strike cost
tho omployccs $5,300,000 In lost wages,
Tho manufacturers lost their spring
nnd summer ordors nnd 21 small
plants went to the wall.
voice ln  the  affairs  of  government
which rules him.
"The attempt to improve conditions
here came to a climax, July 14, when
the federation sent a request to all
the companies that within a week they
set a date for a conference. One company refused to acknowledge that
such a letter had been received. • The
others made no reply. There was nothing £>r. the men to do then except
strike, and, I believe the companies
were considerably surprised by the
extent of the movement.
Troops Not Needed
At the Baltic location a body of
strikers clashed with deputies, removing their stars and ordering them,
away. The mine management considered calling for troops when one of
the officers was beaten, but the disturbance ended quickly and the union
men m'arched away to otner mines on
the south range.
Troops will be distributed among
Uie mines and kept within easy communication. Brigade headquarters
will be in Calumet, the troops pitching
tents around the armory and adjacent
Menominee, Soo, Alpena and She-
boyau companies were due before
noon. Lower, peninsula1 companies
will arrive during the day and tomorrow. The Hougton company arrived
last night. The troops will act under
the direction of Sheriff Crime.
Large numbers of strikers gathered
about No. 2 Calumet and Hecla shaft
this  morning,  but  made no demonstration other than letting out an oc-
to the superior boiler house of the
Calumet and Hecla and draw the fires.
Tho Western Federation of -Miners
is holding out for a conference with
tho mine managers, but this, it was
.said,„wlll not.be granted.. General
Manager MacNaughton, of the Calumet and Hecla, which also controls
the Osceola, Tamarack, Alimcak, Al-
louez, Lasalle,   Isle   Royalo and Superior, bas so far declined to bo quoted as to the attitude of tho companies,
Strikers this morning drove deputies away from  the Wolverine nnd
Ahmeok mines.   At the Allouez the
fires were drawn by strikers, and tho
pumps wero down.
Another batch of prisoners, sixty-
five of them, will bo sont to Auburn
next Tuesday,
packing cartridges which had been
condemned by government inspectors
only a few -days ago. However, it will
be difficult .to prove these facts, as
every one- of the employees in the
building "was killed.
The official statement in Tegard to
the accident is that the explosion occurred this morning at 11.20 o'clock,
in what is known as the gelatine cart-
ridging house. The cause of the explosion it is quite impossible to determine, and.no theory can De offered.
Five minutes before the explosion the
foreman of that department had gone
through the house and examined it, as
well as~the machinery, and he found
everything, in order. Work only started ten minutes before the explosion,
and the visit was the daily opening inspection. There was no structural
damage. ,.-   ,
equal rating, pay and promotion with
main line employees. The company
wishes to segregate its electric lines,
and the men maintain that to do so
would put them at a disadvantage by
depriving one class of employees of
the powerfulr'support of their consolidated orders.
Shasta   Limited   Is   Flagged   by
known While Approaching
Bridge at High Speed
Indianapolis, Ind., July 21, 1913.
To the Officers and Members of Local
Unions,. United Mine Workers of
v America:*
, Dears Sir's and Brothers—You are
hereby notified that Edwin Perry, Internationa] Secretary-Treasurer, has
tendered his resignation, effective August 1, 1913, and that Wm. Green of
Coshocton, Ohio,, has been appointed
to' succeed htm, said appointment having been confirmed by the International Executive Board.,
On aud after August 1 all correspondence intended for the International . Secretary-Treasurer's office and
moneys due the International Union
should be sent to Wm. Green, 1100
State Life Bl^lg., Indianapolis, Ind.
All local unions will be governed accordingly.       ,
Yours very, truly,
JOHN P. WHITE, President.
STILL unchanged
Agreement Ends in September When
Mines May Be Re-Opened by ■
ASHLAND, Ore., July 28.—An unknown tramp saved the southbound
Shasta Limited from probable disaster today by flagging it just before it
reached a burning bridge near Oakland, Ore.
The train was late, and was running
at high speed when the engineer saw
a fire on the track some distance
ahead. Alongside the track stood a
man waving a firebrand.
The train stopped and the man by
the track told the trainmen that a
bridge some distance ahead ■ was on
Proceeding slowly, the train approached the bridge, which was at
the end of a long curve. It was badly
damaged by the fire.
Had the train struck the bridge at
the usual rate of speed the structure
must have collapsed.
The train proceeded on its way
after some hours' delay.
Steamers   Collide   in    Fog—Disabled
Vessel  Is Beached
NANAIMO,' July 30—There is no
change in the strike situation here.
There is afgfilingJ;ha.t_tllfi_minos_wilL
THREE RIVERS, Que., July 29,—
About 10.30 o'clock last night, while-
going down river in a heavy fog opposite Cap La Magdalene, the steamer Crown of Cordova ran into and cut
half in two the Lady of Gaspe, which
had 200 passengers on board. Tho
vessel was at once beached and al.'
the passengers saved by the crew of
the Crown of Cordova, and by Messrs.
.T. C. Malone & Co., who went to the
rescue with two small steamers.
The Information* Jiurj&'u Joft.*f^h)je 1 qj
Board of Trade is stilWolfl.^g.in^Kfe'
trail of the real (?) estate'peddler.
Practically all the boards of trade in
the prairie provinces and British Columbia have been communicated with-
and statistics, maps and assessment
values collected. A large and competent staff is ready at all times to accept statements and give advice and
information. Some of the letters received are truly pathetic and eighty
or ninety per cent from foreign-speaking men and women who havo bought
real estate in some outside sub-dvis-
ion in the hope that they were thereby securing a comfortable competency
for old age. Even the wily Chinaman
has not escaped and there is one
police court case at present pending
ln which the Celestial alleges misrepresentation.
Representation has been made to
the B. C. Government asking their advice on the cjueslion of company registration in this province. The judicial
decisions rendered by the Supreme
Court of Canada non-suit any company
doing business in the province when
not registered In same. The real
estate agents have two or three methods of evading these decisions, but
tlie opinion is prevalent that the Attorney General can compel them to
procure a license of incorporation in
British Columbia if tliey wish to do
business here. As this will be rather
an expensive item, and is likely to encroach on the profits, it is hoped that
action along these lines will act as a
In some cases foreigners have pnid
from $100 up for lots in towns not only
'greasing the'values, in the other in-
'"•■"stance it is purely a question of brawn
and muscle to the purchaser. Therefore, we much prefer, if real estate
is bought, to see the purchaser secura
a plot whereon he may, by his own
effort, increase values. This is a
gamble in hard work and likely to
prove the more stable investment.
Daniel    Macauley    Stevenson,    Lord
Provo6t of Glasgow, Will Make
Long Visit in Canada
LONDON, July 30—Daniel Macau-
lay Stevenson, lord provost of Glasgow and lord lieutenant of the county
of ths city of Glasgow, sailed on the
Scandinavian today for an eight or
nine week stay in the Dominion. Before returning Mr. Stevenson intends
to make extensive inquiries into the
actual state of the labor market and
labor conditions generally.
Chief Immigration Officer J. Obed
Smith will visit the principal immigration centres.
Dr. Roy, Canadian commissioner at
Paris, J. W. Borden and Dr. -McBatn,
are on board the Empress of Britain;
Sir George Gibbons on board the Car-
mania; Major BirswhlBtle, the Virginian.
The Canadian bowlers who are back
again in London sail on Wednesday
on tho Victorian, with the exception
of a few who go sight-seeing on the
Copper Mines Ask
an Eight-Hour Day
Allegation That Condemned Machines
Wero Used In Explosive Packing-
Mutilation of Bodies Makes Identification Difficult Though All Names
Aro Known.
be opened in September, but there are
no particular grounds for the contention. The companies are doing nothing but keeping their mines in shape
ready to work whenever the present
situation is cleared up. U. M, W. cf
A,'leaders still make their headquarters in Nanaimo.
The men say little. Strike pay at
the rate of $4 a week is still being
paid the.union men, and as the wea-
.ther is fine the men are managing to
get along very well, U. M. A, loaders
are still exhorting the men to stand
The company officials say nothing
excepting that thoy will never recognize the union, which advised the miners to break a working agreement
with the companies that, did not expire
until September. This agreement was
between tho -Western Fuel Company
and Its omployees, who constitute tho
great bulk of tho mon on strlko,
Tho strike is one of tho quietest on
record, thoro boing no disorder of dny
kind. Pickets go to the mines regularly ovory morning and as regularly the
pollco aro on hand to Intercept any
disorder. Their services aro not io-
quired, howovor.—Victoria Times,
Mining Town Near Nelson the Scene
of Exciting Conflagration
NELSON, July 29.—News has just
reached .the city of a. fire which early
on Saturday morning burned five
houses at Erie, a mining town south
of Nelson. Among the buildings destroyed were the Erie hotel, ln which
the guests were asleep. Tho fire cut
off tho exits of the hotel and the
guests escaped in their nightclothes
by means of ropes from tho bedroom
windows. No lives wero lost. A
wholo block fell a prey to the flames,
among tbe buildings destroyed being
J. J. Hickey's residence, J. B. Bell's
residence and barns, and S. L, Meyers' residence,
outside the townsito;
scliool district area. Tn a town of I
from 1000 to 2000 population the possibility of any increase In value, wh«i!
the purchaser is from two and a half
tc three miles outside are, lo b<*> cbi.rl
tal Ip, exceedingly remote, and when
■i! e cor.slo.e-j: that within a three-
mile circle there Is approximately
27 square miles_and^aboiit_LT2,SQ.Q.-25.f.t,
bnt outside the!TR0OPS AGAIN GOT READY
Troops Arrive at Calumet—Operators |
Plan to Open Shafts Under Guard
CALUMET, Mich,, July 30.—Vivo
liundrotl mombors of tho Michigan
National Guard early today woro pa-
trollng tho coppor country of Houghton, Kowoonnw and Ontonagon coun-
■ tics, whoro tho strike of 18,000 coppor,,
dlffgora hos tlod up thirty of tlio largest rnlnos.
Uy night 1.C00 mombors'of tho Stato
militia will ho In tlio troubled district to proBorvo ordor nnd Saturday
morning, will goo tlio ontlro member-
■ship of tho Michigan Natlonnl Guard;
numbering 2,500 mon, on tho scono.
Tho strlkors organised parados and
marched throush sovoral locations,
tut thoro wns practically no disorder
up to noon. Tho union loaders hold
to tliolr demand for recognition of tho
Westorn Federation of Minors, but
this was not ovon considered by the
company mnnnuamonts..
Demand Bight-Hour Dsy
Tn •'nadMlon 'to l!;r sirltL* wWu
miners, thn surface Tri*m mndo Idle Vy
tho strlko number 7,000. Tho prln-
cipal Interests Involved nro tho Calumet ant! Hecla Mining Company
which operates thirty mlnos horo,
Tho strikers 'demand an olfrht-hour
i2j,4, A.AA.Amt *.!. MtiUi-unMi uuiiuik machines, A wage Incroaso, recognition
of iho union and bettor working conditions.
Forty thousand Iron minors may bo
affoetad by tho strlko, which will Uo
up tbo Mesabn, Maruetto, Cogoblc and
Sflneral rangco.
The pinch or strlko conditions
tiprmfi mow generally through thc
score or more of communities dependent upon tbe mines, mills nnd smelt-
*W. Tha action of Hancock retailers
yesterday in refusing to farcfah
credits to customers was repeated In
other sections of tbe district, and ft
•wiu ftuuiAiiicwl that &t» wbotosaters
would take -similar action m Monday.
At union headquarters plans wero
laid for a big mass mooting noxt Sunday nnd for district nnd local meetings
tonight and tomorrow. Guy lil, Millar,
Colorado mombor of tho Exocutlvo
Board of tlio Western Federation of
Minors, Issued a statement In which
ho compared conditions In* tbo* Calumet district with thoso In other copper-producing soctlons,
Causes of tho Strike
"Tho causo of the strike horo was a
doopsoatnd unrest, whoso extent tho
company management fallod to real-
tee," ho said.   "In asking recognition,
of tho union, an eight-hour,day, abolition of the one-man drill, and Improved conditions generally, wo have
simply tried to put tlve minors nnd
surface workers of tho Lake Superior
mines on a par with men doing similar work In othor ports of America."
Iu riutto, for instance,   according
to MHIor, "the nilnlmum wage with
coppor at IR conts Is $3.75 a 'lay for
UTvlrvsrw.a rj.A,iiuZ L uu -v-u-v uu*.*
It po b-flnw $3,K0,   Tn Arlrrmn It nvft-
nges $3.76, tout In the Calumet ills-'
trict the minimum Is from $2 to J2.25,
and tho men hero havo boon working from ton to tblrtoon hours a day,
whortma in the other mining sections
*,t\\\. Itli-Jfi't K-iftivtnJiiM^ti H liliy'H iHllClT.
"Insistence on tho abolition of tho
one-man drill Is mado on similar
grounds, and also bocauso tho men
omployod on them undergo back-
breaking labor and peculiarly dangorous conditions, The minimum weight
to be handled on such a drill Is 1KQ
pounds, and It Is a strenuous task to
g*t np, brace, nnd! tend sufth a machine.
"Ileeopmltlon of tho union, we feel,
is & reasonable request, inasmuch as
we think tbat men who work In a
Riven Industry should be allowed tome
yolce lri determining conditions under
wbteh that industry is tn be conducted, ]ust as an ordinary cltlien has «
Kugono Larlveo, 28 years old, of St,
Alphono aiillmln, 30 ytfnw old, mnr-
rlod, of li'olooll.".
Pblllppo Pnquotto, 21 yours old, of
ItoBtirlo Moiigonii, of Tlolooll, Ml
years old. ,
Wins Mnry ThoroHa Williams, of
nolooll, ID yours old,
Miss I^orenna LncnsBo, of llolooll, 17
yoiirs old,
Miss Auroro 1311, 10 years old, of
Mississippi Convict Farm the Scone
of Wholesale Death of Prisoners
lots, the population in these towns, beforo the land will approach anything
like marketable value, wiil have to
ncrease at the very least fo 40,000, and
then wo shall bo allowing over four
lots to every man, woman and child of
tho population.
Saskatoon boasts unparallcd growth
and we believe that such is the caso,
but In spite of nil tho boosting this
town has received it has not yet reached the 30,000 mnrk, and this with
some twelve years growth. The Investor, If ho must gamble, should not
look for oxcoptlons, and a liberal est!-
mnto of the averago growth of
towns on the pralrlo would be
rlcut ir> por, cent per annum. Com-
pulnled on this basis n town of 2,'i00
would take approximately five yenrs
to double Its population, The pros-
pi-ct of every town of 2,0j.) reaching
the 30,000 mnrk is n problem lu mathematics wo do not care to cudgel our
brains with,
Thero aro two methods of buying
renl estate, ono Is to buy and hold for
Increment, and tho other Is to buy
with the vlow of working the land nnd
reaping tlio fruits thereof. Of Mm
lw,! tlm lattor Is the Josser ovll, for
whereas. In the formor It, is a tiuim-
tion of relying on tho other fellow in-
LONDON, July 2S.—Ten thousand
troops are being held in readlnes-; to
"quell" the unrest at the Hand
mines In South Africa.
The   labor   situation   is   becoming
more and moro serious and the men
granted tliey will walk ut.
On July 4 the troops wero used to
break up a mass meeting of striking
gold miners, killing several aai injuring scores. The brutality of the
troops nnd the pollco threataned a
general uprising of protest.
nWLOKir,, Quo., July 1)0,—Savon
lives wore snuffeil out nt Hnloell today when an explosion of nltro-«.yl'e.
erlne blew one of fhe Isolated build*
inss of the Canadian KxpIohIvos com-j
pany to plocos and aUnttorofl the dlo
membernd bodlos of four men and
threo girls In ovory direction; An Instant after tho explosion tho Hjiaco lor
150 foot around was strewn with
wreckage IntorinlngliKl with the mini-
gled remains of the unfortunate" victims,
Tho detonation brought workors In
wn; uAitirl  "U.JOL., j ,i*.■>!,u.h mil Ol  (IIMIIM,
but. ibe dly.lnn'ee Vet worn Hip hiyiy-si
was great ennunb to prevent Ibe
shock from producing other oxplo.
Tho search for the botlliw w«
started at once and It Is expect wl thnt
hb Miiixiy of Uiese victims ns can I'o
found will bo identified without dlffl-
culty, Tho head and hnlf tlio trunk of
Miss Auroro Ell wero found covered
with wood, but tho bodies of the other
victims wero too hopelessly tern Into
fragments to permit of Identification
on the spot.
The victims Wore tho only persons
feiuployftil in the destroyed building,
and all wero instantly killed. An
lnquAit will be held tomorrow morn-
Inn by Dr. Fontaine.
Sensational Evidence Expected
EtMene-e ttt m t«nmti*o»al natur* Is
promised at tbe Inquest If Hi* statements of v|tllaj?crs can bo taken.   It
Is alleged that machine.* were used for
Commission Believes $9.25 Per Week
Should Be Least Wage for Portland Saleswomen
PORTLAND, Ore,, July 30.—Accord-
Ing to the findings todny of the first
conference called under a compulsory
minimum wngo law in the United
States, $10 a month, or $0.21) n. week,
Is "the sum required to maintain In
frugal but decont conditions ot living
a HOlC-siipporting woman omployod In
a mercantile establishment ln Portland."
Tbo confreso will recommend to tbo
Htnto Indiistrliil welfare commission
that thnso figures bo mndo tho basis
for a compulsory minimum wage to
apply tn girl and women workors In
Portland stores,
A romerkiiblo feature ef tho confer-
onco wiih the fact tbat tbo employer^
with very fow oxcoptlons, admitted
that this flwiiro was not too high, and
tlint should this minimum bo ostab-
llHhort thoy will gladly abide by tho
ruling of the commission.
Apprentice* wore not considered nt
(IiIh cotiforonoo, but this question will
enmo up for InvostlBntlon at a later.
NEW YORK, July 30,—About 700
sewing machine agents, solicitors
arid collectors employed by the Singer
i?,;.wlng Mncblno Company yesterday
responded to tho call of the Sewing
Machine Agents' Union and went on
strike to enforco better working con-
d'lions, The walkout took place at ?■
o'clock in tho afternoon and about an
hour later most of tho offices in New
Yolk nnd Prnoklyn wore closed down.
Only a few mon, It was renurled,
remained in tho offices to straighten
up their nccountH, b'lt thoy nro ex-
pt'Ctnd to Join tho strike today. The
Btrikers hold n mooting nt inn Rlv-
Ington street, nl wliich thoy votud to
nfny out until thoir demand.-? nro
grunted by tho company. The strlk-
om hnvo appealed to tho public not to
buy any sowing machines whilo the
strike Is on, ■■■■'.,
n*\v imi i ••r'Torn x.ii,. oe ty**,
thor n mrllui Bhull be doeliired against
thu Southern Pacific Company by the||
Hrotliorhooil of Ilnllrend Trainmen
and the Order of Itallrond Conductors,
Is being discussed hero today by a
rnnvnsH of tbo utrike voto completed
ln.it wook from tho Oujf of Moxfro to
tho Canadian boundary.
Tbo result probably will not bo
known for 21 or -i** hours, and may not
be mndo public then. If tho men favor a strlko, their verdict will be made
the basis of further negotiation* with
the company. In the event of a deadlock, a strike order would then be
Tho <iut**tioi> at.Issue Is whether
suburban oloctrlc linos shall receive
JACKSON, Miss,, July'30.—Trapped
by flames in tho second floor of an
antiquntod convict cage, 35 nogro
prisoners woro burned to death at the
Oakley Convict Farm, 20 milos from
horo.'* ,;
Whilo tho flamos rapidly ate away
the only stairway loading to tho second floor tho prisoners frantically tore
at tho heavy bars that covorod tho
Jnll windows, but to,no avail, Their
screams brought guards nnd othor
prison attaches, but tho flames drove
back momhors.;of* tho rescue party
oach tlmo thoy attempted to llborato
the negroes, who one by one fell bnck
Into the flumes and perished., Everything was ln tho fire's favor. The
building woh construcod ton yours ago
of tho lumber taken from llio dlscnrd-
cd penitentiary, thoro wnn no fire-
fighting npimriitiis nt the farm, nnd
the first floor ,,of tho building wiih
filled with Inflammable material. „
Farmers living nonrby hurried to
the Jail to help the flro-figlitora, hut
thoy wore of no avail.
The convicts nil wore worked In the
cotton fluids 'ot tho Htnto farm and
woro housed in the en go nt nlqht.
Among thein wore some desperate
criminals serving long sentences.'
Tho Oakley Farm l« ono ot the mo*t
Important In tho stato, tho stato pri-
Dim aunpmU Ijoiiik lowitml thero.
Merciless Vengeance
Exacted by Turks
Districts In Thrace Reoccupled By
Moslems Turned Into a Human
Slaughter Houae Once More—Take
Toll of Lives to Repay Old Debts,
Ottawa Workers
Centa to S1  In
Will Get From 50
Ornernt  lncrea*»
OTTAWA, July 2S.--Another four
hundred employees of tho printing 'bureau have beon given n substantial Increase In wages dating Uom Juno 1
of this year.
The 400 iM'liJiJes tin"■f-Hereotypor*,
ooiiipoillor*, book-binders, proswnmi
nnd pros* fnodcra nnd the Increnao
dating from Juno 1 will he pnid to the
men as soon as the accounting clorka,
of tho bureau get the amounts made
Compositors, book-binders nnd stero-
otyper* will now draw f'Ai i><r week,
prcuamcft Ul ami fecd^n ttA. Wa
Is an Increase ranging from fifty cents
to fl per week.
CONSTANTINO!*!,!'!!, July HO. --
Trustworthy reports of itppnlllng mas-
fiacres by Turkish Irregular troops
came from'districts'lu Tbrnce wli(eh
the Turks are rcncciipying. Tho
country about Mnlugnrn, northonsl of
Onlllpolt, according to reports, ,hu«
boon converted Into n human
jilaughtor hoiiso. Tho lliilgitrliiiiH pillaged and burned tho Moslem villages
nnd miiHHiiorod their IiiIkiIiIHuIm ttnd
now tho Turks nro wrorildnir dreadful vengennco on the Christian villages which tbe llulgarliuia spared,,
Tho Turkish government Indued
strict ordors to tho officers to avoid
reprisals by the troops, but tliey Imve
been unable to retrain the men,
T ■■    t* ■   'i' t, ■    **'     * '
'. v    Itr9lil'l       M   . 9tlt,4,u.lf
T.ovnnv, .tuiv ■?,«■ The twt"»>
poneo eonferoncn is expected to opon
nt HiicbaroHt next Wodm'Hdny. -Meaio
tlmo horluiis figJitlriK rontiiiuen. The
firunks refused HuIkhi'Iii'h roipieMl. for
n throo-ilnys*  truce,  and after he:H'j*
MAiHlkl****,,      ll.lie,      M,*lll:U      JUIJl"'l,t      I'.lfn,
Inflicting a defeat on tbo HulgnrlaiiH
nt Slmkio, capturing three hIoro guns
and driving the ihilufnrlauH back to
DJiimn. The (ireeks claim they have
annihilated tho wholo loft of the Hub
garlan army and flint they have
forced the, nu'.g.ts'I.uiA Lick **W..A "A
I'nJoAfl pM*"r; '>p.-"">!!!y I.t n0Ko!!.i:'".l
another great kit tlw may'occur at
Poweri Powerless
The concert of tbo powers seems
as powerless as boforo to adopt any
united action against Turkey. The {
Tartu, bow*«v(»r«' bit* tli*.»>.t»**tid th«
action of,Its troopa in pcnetrallnK
Old llulftatla and no further advance
of Turkish ^ronpn has beon reported.
The "Turks clnlm their spoils nt Ad-
riniiople conslstod'of ir.o nuns, :((i,fl()0
rlfloH and 1,000,000 Hacks of corn,
I/./.ot I'lishn, the Turkish com-
mnndflr-lii-ehlof, reports tlint lliilgnr-
IniiH murdered, -eo Ottoman soldiers
who hnd boon taken prisoners none
Klzlly Knldjo, while an admission of
Turkish mnsHiierou of AriiienlnnH nt,
.Mnlugarii and liodoiilo comos In <i roport. from Cimstiintlnoplo thnt ii number of AfoHleiiiH Imve lieen neiilonc-d
lo ilontli or to long terms of Imprisonment for Implication liitho massacroH.
I muni.     It
j iiiovoliient,
' uito,  iiuij
! I'rom  H,t-
(1ml   KorloiiM
liti'.t nl>tbt In
T.VIilB, July 2d.    HU.paiclH.fi
Portugal*received by way of the
lull frontier todny, indleiito tbnt
..,.,., ,„,I,*,,..,,.,* * »i»,.t *"    ' * *;>
|m reported tliu* n vu-o*
planned lu MkIioii nnd np-
ini,tk out ai any moment,
IM.*- n-iircc H is* i>'.iim;.l
Htivct. flidiUiu occurred
ViirloiiH places.
ij,e tinn-ii iii >,H*'i*.ii leitlM'il TO HI-
lOW tho cabling of an Associated PresH
dixpnteh Muting thnt a band of revo-
liitlofinrles lind rtMemptcd tof rush tho
barrack** of the Hlsll-otli Infantry
Keulmofit lu order to rescue political
prisoner* detained there. Tbo civil-
'..■A.... -f, iv. r» pa',.*,** il !<> the troop* after
nu oxebangt* of shots with the guard.
NW.HON, July S9.-A bylaw to,.
I'UinuHoo a bond Ustio of H-VtOft by
the NelHon,Stroet Hallway Co. wi»'to-
«U>, <iei»-itt..4 i>y |»roi»*ny nwnni *>y
«I* vile*. Two fttb'T bylaws of minor Importance carried. PAGE TWO
Read The Truth
About Socialism
From Allan L. Benson's Book
It is the advocacy of these ideas that
caused the Socialists to be censured
by the rich for trying to "array class
against class." If one class is being
robbed by another ought not the class
that is being robbed to be politically
arrayed against the class that is robbing it? Do we not array those whoso
houses aro .broken into by burglars
against the burglars? Is not the existence of police forces sufficient
proof that we do? If capitalists, working through laws they have made, aro
robbing the workers of thousands,
where burglars take cents, why should
not the workers be politically arrayed
against the capitalists ovon more solidly than they are arrayed against burglars?
The workers, either singly or collectively, as in their unions, are already arrayed against the capiM'isls,
so far as fighting for more wages is
concerned. Without any help from Socialists, we thus have here class arrayed against class. Socialists -eek only
to extend this conflict to the btllot
box. They ask the worker to remember when he votes as well as when le
strikes that he belongs to the woikinj
class. They point out to him that be
is robbed under the forms of law and
that the robbery cannot be stopped until workingmen stop them. Working-
men can stop them only by uniting at
the ballot box and wresting from he
capitalist class the control of the government.
In this way only do Socialists try to
"array class against class." They do
not try to engender hatred of Mr.
Morgan, Mr. Rockefeller, or any other
great capitalist. Socialists have nothing against any rich man individually.
They regard all great capitalists as
the natural and inevitable products of
the capitalist system. If the great capitalists are sometimes bad, it is because tbe capitalist system makes
them bad. If the particular capitalists
who are bad had never been born, the
capitalist system would have made
others do the same bad acts. Therefore Socialists are opposed to the system that makes man bad rather than
to the men who have been made bad
by the system. If every capitalist in
the world had gone down' with the Titanic, Socialists would have expected
absolutely no improvement,, in conditions, because the capitalist system
would 'Still have remained. Other men
would simply have taken their places
and the wrongs would have gone on.
Therefore, Socialists leave it to Demo-
cratic and Republican politicians^ io_
point out "bad men' and say if this
man or that man were in jail we
*i should have no more robbery. The
slightest reflection should reveal the
fallacious character of such comment.
Whore are all of the "bad men" of the
last two generations?  Wtyere are Wil
liam VI. Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, E. H.
Harriman and the others? They are
not simply in jail—tbey are dead. But
who noticed the slightest abatement of
robbery .when 'they died? Who will
notice the slightest improvement of
conditions when the "bad men" of the
present day are dead?" Then how ridiculous it is to say that if Mr. Morgan,
Mr. Rockefeller and some others were
in jail we should have no more robbery. So long as we have a system
that makes men bad we shall have
bad men.
So easy is it to dispose of the argument that Socialism is impracticable
because it could not bo made to work
"without changing human nature."
Some men believe we must forever go
"on grabbing, grabbing, grabbing, while
others go on starving, starving, starving. Human nature will "change" just
so rapidly as condition's are changed.
If one sits on a red-hot stove, it is
"human nature" to arise. But if the
stove be permitted to cool, one who
sits on' it will not arise until other
reasons than heat have made him
wish to do so. Yet, the human nature
of the man in each case is the same.
It has in no wise changed. It is only
the stove that has changed.
Precisely so will the actions of men
change when the production of the
necessities of life by the government
has demonstrated that no one need
ever fear the lack of the means with
which to live. The very knowledge
that the stomach is taken for granted
—that with free opportunity to labor,
the material necessities and comforts
of life are as assured as the air itself
—will destroy the incentive to accumulate more wealth than is needed.
Even the richest now consume and
waste but a fraction or the wealth they
posses. Yet they are spurred on to
seek still further accumulations, because it is only so recently, comparatively, that the whole race was fighting for the means of life, that the madness for money is still iu the air,
The madness for money will not always be in the air. Human nature is
wonderfully adaptive. As soon as the
workers take control of tbe government for the benefit of their class, and
demonstrate the perfect ease with
which health can be produced to enable everybody to live as well as the
$5000 a year man now lives, the
scramble, for wealth will quickly subside. It will not subside instantly, but
it will subside. A few may grumble,
as their _ industries are bought and
otaken over by the government, but
they will have to take it out in grum-
■BlingT _Theyr"~will—7i6T~even have-to
work if they don't want to. They will
have enough money, obtained from the
sale of their plants, to enable them to
live without working. But none of
their successors will ever be able to
live without working, because no op
portunity will exist -for anyone to obtain the products of another's labor.
Goods will be made and sold by the
government at cost. No capitalist will
stand between producers and consum-
ersv The people will be their own capitalists, owning their own industrial
machinery and managing it through
the government. ■   n
Those who are opposed ,to Socialism
ask what assurance we have that, under Socialism, the people would be
able to manage their government. Others ask why we should not be as likely to have grafters in office under Socialist government as we are now under Democratic or Republican government? Still others believe thjit a Socialist government would inevitably
become tyrannical and despotic, destroying all individual liberty _ and
eventually bringing down civilization
in a heap.
Let us answer these objections ovo
■by one. And let us first inquire why
the people are not now able to manage'
and control their government.
In the first place, our form of government does not permit the people
to control it. The rich men who made
our constitution—and they were rich
for their day; not a working , man
among them—purposely made a constitution under which nothing could
be done to which the rich might object. That is-why the United States
Senato was created. It was frankly
declared in the constitutional convention that the Senate was intended to
represent wealth. The House of Rep-
rentatives was to represent the people, but the Senate was to represent
wealth, and the House of Representatives could enact no legislation without the consent of the Senate. Moreover, tho United States ^Supreme
Court, over which the people have absolutely no control, was created to
construe the laws made by Congress.
That is the first reason why the
people do not now control tljelr government—the framers of the constitution did not intend that,they should
control it, and the rich men of our day
are taking advantage of their opportunity to control it themselves. The
second reason is that the capitalist
system, based, as it is, upon private
profits, makes it highly profitable for
the capitalist class to control thu government. The robberies of capitalism
are committed through laws, and control of the government is necessary to
obtain and maintain the laws.
Socialists would abolish the Senate,
thus vesting the entire legislative power in the House of Representatives.
They would take from the President
the power to appoint Justices of the
Supreme Court, and give the people
the right to elect all Judges. They
would take from the United States Supreme Court the usurped power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional, and give to the people the power
to say what acts of Congress should
TJe~ seFasid~W. They woufiT"make-tlie
Constitution   of   the   United   States
Robbing the Child
of its Childhood
amendable by majority vote, and they
would make every public official in
the country, from President down, subject to immediate recall at any time
by the vote of the people.
To allow a child to compete with
its own parent for the means of living is economic suicide and thoroughly humiliating. It cannot be done
without perpetrating a gross wrong
on the child. The thought of it in
America, shocks one. Whatever the
people of other countries think they
must do to tolerate the annihilation
of childhood, we Americans should
not tolerate it for an hour. Our love
for our children calls for a normal
childhood. We cannot reconcile ourselves to the idea that children should
be sent to factories, mills or down
into mines.
And yet we have fallen into such
exploiting habits that we are sacrificing our timber lands, our soil, our
health, our social life, and even our
children are being tossed into the
hopper. Strange as it may seem
nearly all our reform conferences are
cutting up the old timber of adult
conditions, rather than laying our
strength out on the new growth in
child life and child protection.
Anything to fix up or bridge over
the conditions for the adult goes. In
child labor we have a problem of the
health, intelligence and the character
of tho oncoming generation. The national level of temperament and efficiency is being seriously influenced in
the handicapping of the boys and the
girls now in enforced and unnatural
employment; during the formative
years of childhood.
Even if it Is true, as some claim,
that the ichildren, will elect to work
rather than go to school, it is equally
true that the boys and girls are not
competent to use wise judgment in
such a choice. We are people of
push and vitality. We are a type of
motor humanity. Therein lies oui
danger. Get things at any cost. Accumulate at any expense of human
condition, in any way, but accumulate.
That seems to be the only sediment
of the puritan characteristic we have
left. It is the .indomitable will to
wring something out of our surroundings. But when we use a child as an
economic instrument to do this deed
and make It the competitor of its
own parent it seems insane. The
great mass do not believe in it. We
all know that a child cannot be shut
up In a factory, mill or mine and sustain a moral level of vitality. When
vitality is lowered the child's power
of defense against disease is broken
down, and the burden of a fearful
'death~rate that-is_"entirely—unnecessary, follows,
Later on, when these stunted boys
and girls enter wedlock they carry
with them the indestructible marks
of a robbed childhood. Child-bearing
with them is correspondingly injured.
The vicious line of physical and mental degeneration is cut deeper and
deeper. It is inevitable. Some heartless "self-made men" allude to having gone into the work world at, ten
years of age to earn , a living, and
hint that others m&y do the same
thing. Once in a while some strong
person can do that, but what of the
many thousands that cannot do it?
And aside from ability it is physically
and morally wrong to allow it.
And what is the sequel? These
young people creep along and prematurely dry up when they should be in
their prime. Under any circumstances, child labor is a terrible thing.
Its fruitage will be and already is
calamitous. Its punishment is unavoidable. The national personality
will soon groan with the sorrow of it.
Thanks to the human sympathy and
intelligent devotion of the organized
workmen of America the curse is being lessened Jn its practice. But for
the labor unions the thing would have
gone on without molestation.1 Our
common sympathy for the child we
love makes it impossible for the man
with the true American spirit to remain inactive while anything that
needs to be done to secure a childhood for children remains undone.
The beast of economic oppresaion of
the child is slowly releasing its hold
on our youth, but it must move away
more rapidly. It must be driven out
quickly and permanently.
In this good work all classes must
take a hand with the labor unions or
quit their talk about their interest in
children.—U. M. W. A. Journal.
TERRB HAUTE, Ind., July 22.—Eugene V. Debs, recent. Socialist candidate for president, is today sheltering
in his home Helen Cox, daughter of a
Methodist preacher once prominent
in Indiana, who had been arrested for
immorality.    He took her from the
city jail.-
All Terre Haute is very much stirred by Debbs' challenge to "Christians
and hypocrites to com,e into the, open
in their true colors, -to live up to the
standards they have professed or' to
admit that their charity is only a
cloak." /
Debs, after publicly announcing that
he would open- his home to the girl
and that she must be received by
friends of his family as one of his
children, Issued what he called his
"challenge to the Christianity of Terre
Recently-the girl eloped with the
son of a prominent family? and was
Later the young man divorced her
and took the child away from her. The
other night she, was arrested on^' the
street and had been in,jail for three
days when Debs was permitted, as an
emergency probation officer, to take
her home with him.
"This girl has been persecuted," declared Debs in a public statement.
"Will Terre Haute help her, or will its
organized force be used to drive her
to desperation?
"Let Terre Haute ask, 'What would
Christ do?'
"Our family has opened our home
to her.
"The police have told her that she
must keep off the streets or go to the
red light district. Do the police mean
to get recruits for the red light district? If that is the police policy toward women, then to be consistent the
police should compel immoral men
who stand on the streets to stay in
the red light distriot. The men who
hunt girls are more dangerous -to society than women.
"It Is time for this pitiless cruelty,
to stop.  Why not war on the immoral
people In high life instead of persecuting this penniless1 girl?"
'Mrs, Debs, ia accordance with her
invariable custom, refused to talk for'
publication.    It  is  known, however,
that the girl was taken into tbe Debs''
home with Mrs. Debs' full accord.
The , Home Bank * of Canada has
opened its eighth branch in Toronto
at 1158 Yonge street north. The^pres-
ent office at this address is temporary
as the" bank owns the property at the
corner of Yonge and Alcorn ave. and
will erect a building there later on.
This location is convenient to the
proposed new Union station for the
Canadian Pacific and the Canadian
Northern railways. ,Mr. H. S. Hase,
of the head office, is the manager in
charge. „
Capital Paid Up
Total Assets I
SFOPr^v.i.■. A'A.A,
9 r * .*'m*&l*\ >   9.V        '.Tl
&*& ■-• v^4
The Saving Habit
jV/TANY people who aro
earning less than you,
and whoso necessary expenses exceed yours, have
been saving for years and
now have snug and comfortable bank accounts.
Systematic saving was the
foundation of many a
large fortune.
It is a habit that is
easily acquired, affording
more satisfaction and offering larger rewards than
any other habit that you
could form..
You can open an account in this bank with
one dollar, and every six
months your savings will
be credited with the high-
_ acK. nniTfltit-lnf/ittAaf ==^_^=^_
— \j-iv *ju&& vm.--iulv-i Luti —'—	
Manager,   Fernie   Branch
20,000 CLIENTS of McCUTCHEON BROS,, Ltd., have made money on Western city properties during the
past few years. It will pay you well to become a McCutcheon Bros, client to-day, because we have exceptional
investment opportunities to offer you. Good judgment in buying and honest methods in selling have built up
the McCutcheon business and reputation. An idea oj how a McCutcheon investment will pay you may be gained
by investing in KINGS WA Y PARK, MOOSE J A W,
NEARER •   *
■ From Tlio Morning News, Moose Jaw, Basic, Saturday, Juno 28th,
CONSTRUCTION—MR LINE ARRIVES. Tlio immense development scheme wliich the Kingswny 1'ark proprietors nro in process ol
carrying oui is progressing very satisfactorily. Of tlu- forty houses
wliich they liayo contracted to build, six nre now under actual •construction. Thoy nro o£ Uio bungalow tpyc and it will not be long
'boforo thoy are completed.'' The street onr line has now been extended along the west bnnk of the river nnd right llirough this properly, which is without question the beauty spot of tho ontiro eity.
It is nlso announced tlmt shortly tho street ears will bo running
through this district thus bringing it within easy access of Sunday
trippers and visitors who will certainly bo shown over the grounds
by proud citizens,
Already several largo picnics have been held on tho present, site,
and indications aro that the development system, now in its infancy,
will make this pnrt of the city tho exclusive residential suburb of
Moose Jaw.   Tho activity of the street railway in extending its lino
through this district shows that they expect to see a considerable
traffic south during tlie fine weather.
"Moose Jaw Evening Times," Monday, July 21st, 1013,
Yesterday, thc first definite schedule trip to thc Company's pnrk
along tho river wns made, and great crowds attended to visit the
"coolest spot in the eity." No schedule has been drawn up for this
route yd, but within tbe course of tho next fow dnys, it is expected
that a satisfactory time table will bo'made out and curs will run at
regular intervals.
Soparato Water System Is Part of $200,000 Sohemo of Dovclopmont
AVork on the Kingsway Pnrk development scheme is still making
rapid progress. Of tho forty houses tho company hnvo planned to
build, tho first four have just been completed andtho concreto foot-,
ings for other two aro now ready.,, Meantime tho plans for other-six
houses of thc same bungalow type are in England awaiting the ap
proval of the syndicate. To warrant thc expenditure of close upon
$200,000 in developing this magnificent park property, tho investing
syndicate will install a separate sewerage and wutcr system for tho
residents of the properly.
Exolusiveness Retained
The park, it should also bc noticed, will be a public one and after
improvements will merit oven more t'ho attention of pleasure seekers
who trip out on Saturday and Sunday afternoon, The layout of this
feature is designed in n fashion not to detract from tho exelnsiveness
of tho residential property in any way,
Stroot Railway Holps
* i
Immediately opposite and dose to the new street car lino, the
street railway plan to erect a boat house nnd later a handstand. Al-
though tho scheme is an immense ono tho Kingswny Park, proprietors
■inform Tho News that thoro hns been uo hitch in the work and that
as soon as the first dozen houses are completed, the next dozen will,
follow immediately aftor. None of the houses are built at u cost less
than $4,000 and in every instance the design will be radically differ'
t . '■ ■**'.',*
This Property is Sold by McCutcheon Bros.;'", Ltd., part owners and sole agents.
Sold at front $150 per 2S Jooi lot and upwards
11 '"• < " ■
REMEMBER when purchasing property from McCutcheon Bros, that it is said with a written
guarantee as to distance and topography      WE DEFY any person to come out In print and deny
that the properties are not as represented. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.  B. 0. AUGUST 2, 1913
How   About   Your
Noted doctors have said tlfet house-
iworlc Is the ibeat form pf physical
exercise for -women—-for it' not only
The healthy woman ENJOYS her
housework—she lakes ■pleasure in keeping things spick and span—and it costs
her "practically no effort to do so—because she is HEALTHY.
Are you healthy? Do you find your
housework .pleasant and'invigorating?
Or do yon dread dt ibefiause you don't
feel "just right"? _ That "don't feel
just right" sensation may NOT be
worth seeing a doctor about—'but It is
a,pretty, -certain indication that you
are suffering ■ from Indigestion,. Constipation, Biliousness or Dyspepsia.
Next time .you don't tfeel "Just right"
just try 15 'drops of   Mother   Seigel's
Curative  Syrup. You'll   get   relief—
- quickly.
England has TESTED and PROVEN,
for over 40 years, its lyorth. There it
is recognized as a standard remedy.
It is almost /purely heiibal—'Nature's
own  remedy for disordered stomach.
Price $1.00., Trial size 50c,
. You can set Mother Seigel's Cur$-
; tlve Syrup at.
Bar supplied with the best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars •*■
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found in such a display of
M eats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
on Coal
Dust Explosions
Bulletin No. 56, of the Bureau of  cloud in advance of the flame and in
Over McLean's Drug Store
Our new Suitings are here. Splendid wearers,
handsome tweeds and worsteds. Drop In and
inspect them.
Latest Now York and Paris Styles
Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Ladles' Fancy. Garments a Specialty. Feathers,
' Furs, Gloves, Ladles' or Men's Hats cleaned
or dyed and blocked, any style.
at reasonable prices
Out-of-town work attended to promptly
Mines, entitled "First Series of Coal
Dust Explosion Tests in the Experimental Mine," 'by George S. Rice, L;
M. Jones, J. K. Clement and W. L.
Egjy has been prepared for the purpose of placing before the mining public an account of the'bbjects sought in
the establishment and equipment of
the mine and a detailed account of tho
first series of explosion tests, including a description of the recording apparatus used in connection with them,
v The investigation by George S. Rice,
in charge of investigation at the mine,
gives an account of the reasons which
led to the establishment of the mine,
states the object of the dust explosion,
tests and describes the phenomena of
a dust explosion, with definitions of
the terms used. The investigation is
analyzed, and a summary of the inflammability factors properly included
in laboratory studies is given. The
factors influencing the dust explosion,
which are more or less under control
of the operators, are enumerated and
a list of the variable explosions characteristics which must foe determined
for each test is given. A summary of
the problems which must be investigated in connection "with the explosions, and a statement as to the outlook for solutions, is also mado.
The requirements considered in connection with the selection of the mine
site were:
It should be in p. coal-bed'the dust
of which was inflammable; the mine
should be naturally dry and self-draining;, openings should be drifts, to
avoid complications * of shaft wrecking; the mine should ibe practically
free of explosive gas; a supply of natural gas should 'be available, so that
tests with gas could be made if desirable; a good boiler-feed water supply
should,, be available; and the mine
should be near a railroad, but at some
distance from dwellings.
These requirements were met in the
. selection of the site at Bruceton, 13
miles from Pittsburgh, Pa.
Development was begun in Decern-
be 1910. The mine at the time the
first tests were made, which were considered to he preliminary tests, consisted of two main parallel entries a
little over 700 feet Jong and nine feet
wide, with: a 41-foot pillar between
them. The entries Stere 'connected
with cut-throughS; every 200 feet. A
diagonal heading 198 feet long connected the air course at a point 117
feet from its -mouth to a third opening.
Ventilation was? furnished-=br-a-5small
fan at the top of an air shaft, which
is offset .six feet from'the air course
,55_feet-from-the-opening; '—
.■The main entry was lined with reinforced concrete for the first 169 feet
and astrdngly reinforced concrete portal constructed at the main opening.
Five rows "of shelves, ►three inches
wide, were installed on each side of
the main entry. The explosions in the
first series were originated by blown-
out shots of black powder from a cannon at the face of the entry or a pipe
imbedded In the coal. The shock wave
from the shot would oiow up the coal
dust from' a bench ' in front of
•the shot Into a cloud and ignite
it. Beyond this point the coal
dust previously placed on shelves in
like manner would be thrown into a
turn be ignited.
At various points along the main entry instrument stations had been constructed in the coal rjb. which were
separated from the explosion gallery
by heavy steel plates. Four types of
instruments were used in recording
the results of the explosions. Pressure
manometers were used to give a record on a revolving smoked paper of
the variation in pressure at the particular point. Pressure circuit-breakers,
installed in the stations, were connected to recording apparatus in an outside observatory by means of wires
passing through a pipe, imbedded ln
concrete in a groove in the coal rib.
When the circuit-breakers were acted
upon by a certain pressure the circuits were broken, the time of the
breaks being recorded on a moving
paper strip in the recording instrument at the surface. This permitted
the determination of the velocities of
the pressure wave between different
stations. In like manner the velocity
of the flame is obtained by a series of
flame circuitflfreakers installed In the
various stations. In addition maximum
pressure gauges measured, by the
compression of copper cylinders, tlie
maximum pressure exerted at'^various
points. - Detailed descriptions of these
apparatus are given.
The first series consisted of fifteen
tests. Several of these were given before large numbers of spectators, that
of December 30, 1911, before about
1,500 persons. A largo part of the
value of tliis series was educational
work performed in convincing many
persons who still doubted the explosi-
bility of coal dust that violent explosions could' occur without the assistance of infla-minable gas in the air.
Apart from this result the tests were
chiefly valualble in trying out the unine
conditions and the various pieces of
recording apparatus. Practically all
of the tests were made for the purpose of obtaining information with
respect to the phenomena accompanying the explosions. For this reason
there was little opportunity for studying 'preventatives. The Taffenel barrier, with a load of shale dust, was
not tried in the direct path of the explosion, but was installed a number of
times in the air course parallel to the
main entry. The results were inconclusive as to its value.
■Each of. the explosions is described
in detail as to origin of explosion,
character of igniting shot, quality arid
quantity of coal dust used, nature of
preventative, outside manifestations
of the explosion, inside observations
■afteiH;he-'exp!osionr"l"erigtir"5f "flame"
and character of records obtained. Analysis cf coal dust after the explosion,
soot, coked dust, and mine air before
and after the explosions, are included
in the description of the tests.
Some photographs of characteristic
deposits of coked dust, carbon filaments and coke in situ are given. The
great violence developed by coal dust
explosions is strikingly shown by 'photographs of the ruptured reinforced
concrete lining. Where the roof covering was but eight to twelve feet
thick the arch was broken and, with
its load of roof strata, was lifted over
a foot, as indicated by the doubled-up
A' standard gauge electric-driven
turn-table shoveling machine ha&been
designed mounted on a turn-table and
swinging through 360 degrees, especially adapted to stock-yard use for
largo capacities. It is suited to load
coko from the oven or wharves into
railway cars. By using a flight-conveyor the coke can be passed over a
screen to remove the breeze just before discharging into the car. This
breeze can be dropped directly on the
wharf, or carried back (by the return
flight and discharged through an opening in ths ibottom of the conveyor into,
a car or cart following the machine.
In the same way coal -may" be loaded
and screened. ,. ■
The machine can be provided with
a drum aud rope whereby it will do its
own car shifting while loading. By
paying out rope or winding up rbpe
the machine will advance on the cars,
or causo the car to advance to the
machine, as occasion may require.
It is claimed that the universal
character of this design renders it capable of a wide variety of applications.
By extending the rear conveyor sufficiently, and noting that it can be
raised and lowered by winding up the
supporting ropes, by means of a winch,
it can be raised and lowered by winding up the supporting ropes; by means
of a winch on the mast it forms an
ideal stock-yard machine.
By the use of this machine .material
can be stocked to a uniform depth of
25 feet over any desired area. ' The
amount of material that can. thus be
put into stock per acre would ibe: —
coke 13,612 tons; coal 27,225 tons;'
rock 55,000 tons; iron ore 75,000 tons.
Commenting on the probability of a
strike of the railroad conductors, "The
Star," Washington, D. C, aptly says:
Publicinterest demands that strikes
be prevented. The suspension of any
group of railroad operatives imposes a
tremendous loss upon the people who
are dependent upon the transportation
lines,' and upon whom the burden of
wage increases and rate increases an'd
strikes finally falls. The United Stales
should -provide as effective a means to
prevent strikes, by amendment of the
statute which, now aims at the object,
as that which has been provided in,the
Interstate Commerce Commission for
the regulation of rates and the prevention of imposition upon the people by
the railroad companies. In other
words, corporations and unions should
be put upon the same basis respecting
responsibility to the public "through
the maintenance of continuous service.
A "Ledger" adv. is an
"You must give in order to receive.
If you want shorter hours and more
wages, you must pay for them through
your unions. If you want social legislation and ultimately social emancipation, you must support the labor
movement and its right arm—the labor press. There is no escape from
these facts. To do one's duty may entail sacrifices, but the way is clear.
The road to the co-operative commonwealth ls not going to be paved with
roses, and the sky, as we travel on,
may seem" gray more often than it
seems blue." ,. ,   '
Alabattins it easily applied.   All
you need to help
you it cold water
and a flat brush.
Alab-utine   walk
malce the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful. It will
wall like kalso-
mine. Because
it is a cement, it
willhardenvrjth I
age, become]
part of the wall I
for many
There are many names besides that
of Sir Humphrey Davy which are intimately associated with the introduction of the safety-lamp, such as George
Stephenson, Dr. Cianny, Dr. Murray,
Dr. Grey, the Rev. John Hodgson and
John Buddie. Although Sir Humphrey
Davy actually invented the lamp which
goes by his name he is not entitled to
all the praise, It has never been conclusively proved that the claim to priority made for George Stephenson ty
the Brandlings was unfounded—the
popular impression being mostly derived from ■ Paris' "Life of Davy."
which was, undoubtedly, not free from
bias. Be the truth as it may, thc actual fact of priority is a mere matter
of detail from a humanitarian point of
view; the world's gratitude is due to
all those who have labored for the
protection of life, even though their
work docs not provide the last link ofthe chain.   There was no special merit
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses, for Sale,
Buys Horses on Commision
j :	
| George Barton Phone 78
An Alabattine wall can
be re-coated without removing*, the old coat.    Alabastine
walla are the mo«t sanitary. They
are hygenic. No insect or disease |
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabattine one room, and you'll
want thsm  all Alabattined.
Church'. Cold Water
Dropinandlettitahowyoubeau-  .
tiful samples of Alabattine work.'
•Let ut show how to get beautiful
Alabattine Steneila absolutely free.
With them you can ac.
complith any detired
color scheme—you can'
at  a
moderate cotf,
Hardware - Furniture
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ...
illogically stated to have broken the
camel's back. .   •*,
SEPT. 15 TO 21 1913 «—
Electric Shoveler
For Underground
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
Mr. L. A, Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
$2.00 per- Day
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and iho GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
Bocauso thoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
9        tiAM UriAHAM) Manaoer PHONE 41
tgt *;ccd ^ejs-itfs-Giir&t&tiiLW ^tatmit'
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
'    ■■   x *
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
By F. C. Perkins
This machine, deslgno'd at Kjio.willo,
T-onii., is operated by one man and is
self-propelling, forward and backward,
at variable) speeds, This machino Is
claimed to work oji a smooth or rough
floor; or it will spndo into tho material abovo tho floor and tho matorlol
cnn bo shovolod In lumps na largo as
will go Into tho scoop.
It will ho seen that thsunatorinl may
bo dlschnrgod Immediately behind tlio
machino or to either sido of tho track,
and it is hold that ln handling material tho breakage la loss than by hnnd
sliovelliiK, whilo tho conveyors coiiotl-
tuto 'plcklng-tnblos whero materials
cnn ho separated.
TIiodo electric shoveling machines
cnn oxenvatn rock nftor blnstlnic, nnd
nil loosn material reasonably froo
from wntor, cnn bo omployod to do
light or honvy hlghwny or railway
grading, to strip noil from horizontal
minora! (lopotiltH an woll nti to mlna
oroH and othor mlnornlfl In opniHroncli
work, or to tiiltn tlio plnco.of Block-
Iioiiho crows In lilnHt.fnrnnco work.
As abovo montionnd, thoso machine*
aro of ffront valuo to load conl or nny,
othor material froirt tho floor Into pit-
cars ot underground wort-tings,' aim to
put matorlol Into stock piles or to tnkn
mntorlnl from Htoclc piles And rolond
Into cars, wngons or bins.
It is clnlmod (lint thorn Is firnnt
economy In using tliouo 'shovollhg machines In conl mining, tho principal
Itom In coHt bolng, of conm**. tbo h\mh
ing of coal from tho mine-floor into
lllO  py.-iiiiiti,
II, is oln(j> hold that, nKldt) from tho
-saving In1 cost of loading tho coal,
thor» aro othor Itnmn of cost 'which
will bo reduced. Oxporlonco han do-
volopml tlmt. with 11ir>«n w>fi>in<>;r, *iy-
mimo working plncos can bo loadod-out
twlco In tho snmo day. It rcflulrfiH
hand loadorn imunlly two days te lond
out. nn ordinary room, Tliero-Tow p.
mneblne-oqiijppod mino would produce
ix glvon tonnngo rrom one-fourth thn
aron of development that would bo m-
auircd witlj hand loador*.
Tho economy of so groat n ronron-
trillion or working territory Ib or groat
Importance. It will moan a corresponding reduction of trackage, ventilating nnd mlno-car equipment. Tho
reduction In day lalior cost will np-
proximate tho rodattion In working
area. Tho rapid ttAvnt.pi* nf worftfnrr
plnpcn will moan loss tlmo /or the roof
to weaken, con«eqiient!j* low timber
ing. Tho reduction and concentration
of labor underground will facilitate Intelligent supervision of tho work. This
will Incroaso tlio efficiency of tho labor nnd reduce tlio danger of underground work. Fewer houses aro re-
quired, and tlio necessity of employing
tho lnbor agent Is removed.
It Is pointed out that production by
machinery will insure a moro Togular
output rrom tho mino, with a resulting
reduction In cost, Tho electric shoveling machine for underground sorvlco
Is designed to work in a space -17
Indies hlpli from thn top of rail to
roof, whilo n shallow track work cnn
bo dono ln a mine or tunnel fiO Inches
high. The lateral swing of thn roar
conveyor provides for tho loading of
enrs on tho snmo track that is occupied by tho machino, or on a separate
parallel track,
Its weight in 0,000 to 7,000 pounds),
tlio track gun go li! Inches and over,
whilo tlio machino hns a length of
nbout 10 fnot, depending on length of
car, with an ovor-vnll width ,1 foot r,
IndioB and a whod-hnso of ISO Inchon.
Tho retch is S fuot 0 Inches'to ouch
flldo from contro or track; tho nmxl-
mum. height. Is ,'IS Inchon, while the
width of shovel Is 28 Inches, Tlio pow-
cr -consumption Is said to bo about 7
1-2 horso power, nnd tho capacity Is
1,750 pounds of coal or Vj-ynrd of rock
por mlnuio. In ordinary coal mines
this machine will load at an average
r«to of 10 to 20 tons or conl per hour.
InMii'lInn- (.MfM,,.; Cf <*,„.>, ,ivtlvllUim
on si/o of onr, trntmpnrfnllnn'nnd 11k.*
wny tho coal is broken down In binst-
The electric underground umcliinu
''designed to work In..tuiuitds of f, to 0
font In holg|ft Ihih n rear conveyor
■v}:.-:-h. .,'.'*;.rr,., ,',,;,,,,»;;,, nun win lon.i
cars on Iho samo or a parallel track.
Tlio weight of thl* machino Is |),000
pounds, Its length !»2 feo|; (I Indies, tlio
width over-nil I foot 0 Inches, while
Uio height m on mu res .1 font II Inches*.
It has a whool-bnso of 41 feet, tx
re.idi of fl ti'rt il Indiea to <;h:1i hide
of tlio contro of tlio track; tlio width
of hIhwI Ih ,'!0 Iridieu* nnd tke liowtil
consumption about 30 Jiorso powor,
Tlio capacity Is said to bo 2,100 pound*
of coal or 0 yard of rock per minute.
It Is claimed that accurate notes taken
In the mino'Mow tho avorago workln«
wifmdty tit this machino to bo 21.3
tenn por hour, fndmjlug W.IIiik and
shifting of cars and moving of machino.
■   6,000,000      Capital Paid Up ...  *      6,788,169
7,000,000      Total Assets      72,000,000  '
D. R. WILKIE, President HON, ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pret.
"Arrowheafl, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
Dully Games between Cnimdian
and American Team*
$35,000 in Premiums &
Competition open to tho World
The First National
Indian Congress
Approved by U, S. Government
72d Son forth Ilifthlamlors Btincl
"Custer's Lost Fi&lit" Ntohtly
A thrilllnfc reproduction of this flimous
buttlo with 500 Indians and 000 Soldlcn
Fireworks Disploy Evory Nifcht
Individual Form Exhibit Prizes
$20,000 Race Program
IfWVtl  <\^kk» l^Uiiy    .
Dairymen's Mooting Thursday
Broadsword Battlcson Horseback
<L For llJur,tri»t*uil( Daily J'rofcram ond
V91..A.9,.: LL., -IL**,.**. 'X C,.9„*.,\* *y.
Commorc-a Building 11 Spokane, Wash,
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe*, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting small sums of money. These Orders,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) and in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
thc following1 rates:
$5 and under    S cents
Over    5 and not exceeding $10    6    "
"    10      " " 30 10    «
'«    SO      " " OO; IS    "
■should bo made by means of our SPECIAL FOREIGN DRAFTS nnd MONEY
ORDERS.   Imed without delay At rMSonable ratoa.
L. A. 8. DACK,  Manager. FERNIE  BRANCH
Stenm Heated Throughout
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel
of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fiic Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
the Best of
.Kino iNnokwoftr, Hox, Caps, Underwear, Slu'its, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, 1 Junta & Shoos, como to
James H. Nay^r, Bellevue
Everytliiilg sold witli a
la-uiury, you can rutuni it aul
tliat if not sal is-
got your monoy ImkjIc
——MM      ^i—««——im.
Cemetery Notice
PiHittiDs wishing llioir loin in Cemetery Jtopt in
good ivitidition for tlie mison,   nt   (»   rca-sonahlo
' chnrgt?, •'»» mako arratigwucrits with thc' nmler-
Bigncd.                                                       ,s
Futiornl Directors PAGE FOUR
©ij* Mtdvki £&$£T
; Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. * Subscription $1.00
per year in advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of, all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all commijnications to the District Ledger.
F. H, NEWNHAM Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. .380
Tlie Victoria Times publishes a very
cartoon   in   which   the   -wickedness   of   the   bad
bold Tory is caricatured,   the subject being Unit
of an employment office.   The notice boards on the
side contain innumerable applications for workers,
and were it nol for the fact that in every case tlie
Oriental is demanded one might be tempted to
think that this great "White Canada" was indeed
the prosperous land that the Emigration Agent depicts.   In the foreground of thc cartoon is seen a
Salvation .Army lass appealing for help for the
poor immigrant who cannot get work, while on the
right is seen a sturdy British worker studying the
pro-oriental notices.   On the extreme left the custodian of law and order is observed walking a lum-
.ber-jack off to the "lock-up" on the usual charge
—"Vagrancy."   The whole forms an exceedingly
instructive cartoon, but the workers in British Columbia do not require these things caricatured for
them.   Away on Vancouver Island the Mine "Workers of District 28 U. M. W. A. are having a good
example of the sincerity, of both the Liberal and
Conservative Governments as far as the "White
B. C." squeal is concerned.   Chinamen, Japs, Hindoos—any old thing, race or color, there is no distinction so long as he is prepared to assist the
Operators of that District in defeating the'Union.
The company claim that they pay "union wages;" that being so we are inclined to ask aVIio cs-
*—tabUshedTtheJ3ase-£ou-llanioiiL!i_wagcs. thc operat-
ors or the Union 1 Does any sane individual believe
- that the capitalist will pay union wages unless bc
is obliged?   The "union" wage paid by the Van
r.ouvor Island operators is the bait.   But the next
question is: "How long will this standard of wages
bc tho 'union'- wage on the Island?"   In thc event
of dissatisfaction and an increase being demanded
if there is no union it appears as though thc next,
scale will be the "operators," and about this wc
have no doubt.
The strike on Vancouver Island was not actually
for moro wages, but a protest against discrimination. The operators know this only too well. Thoy
mny try to evade the issue, ancl accuse thc union
of "interference" and attempting to run their business, but this does not affect the issue. Men to
mino conl must do so in. an atmosphere ns free
from poisonous gases ns possible, nnd the appointment of gas committees is part of the B, C. Mines
Regulation Act. It appears thnt when tho worker
keeps the law ho loses his job ancl when ho refuses
to submit to thc real law breakers he cnn cither
ho clubbed or starved into submission. The Government is powerless to interfere,'ns witness tho
rooent vocation tour of Hon. Crothers.
According jo 1he B. C. Fcdornlionist ihe Minister of Labor is tieklod wilh his visit,—in fact ho
had n swell time, wc presume—but interference!
Oh, dear no! Rucli would be trespassing upon individual rights. Yet we recollect the timo, when
Iho nppoinlmoiit of chcickwoighmcn in any conl
mine, was a privilege conferred only nl thn discretion and geiicr.j.sily of the ojn-rnlor. Tn suggest
Hint the operator would demean himself by steal-
ing from the worker was to vilify thc former most,
outrageously. But, the Government snw fit to
grnnt this just demand and Ihe eompnny now sub-
init.r.mn1 no doubt agree,
The Minister is quo led ns saying "You have n
great country nut, here for a rich man, hut there
tiro pionl.v ol! poor men and the cost nf living is
very high, compared to wages pnid and prices
This is a candid ndmission hut evidently Mr.
CrothcrB intends that it shall Ini "a rich man's
Tn enntrndistinotion to remarks mndo tlm B. C.
Foderationist roproHcntatiyo we cull the following
from a prairie journal
"Mr. f'vetWe.'vn-a plofwd with tho mnrvollous
'development nf BntU'h Cnlumhln nnd everywhere
ho looked lie saw the earmarks of prosperity, "With
tho great harbor developments proposed, tho eon-1
Htruction of now railways, nnd the expectation
+i»nt Y*uu*miwr will benefit eronlly with the opening of tjjo Piummn canal, tho outlook, is generally
vory rosy."
Wa ourselves,lmvo failed to notico the earmarks
of prosperity, and boliovo thoy havo been "thumbed" and turned so often that thoy nre losing most
of their distinctiveness. Tho only people who up-
pe,ti' Ui he figuring qn the possibilities of tho Pan-
nma Canal nro real estate vendors.
Tn the current issue of the New Review alarm is
expressed at a falling off of membership in the
Socialist Party* and the following,is quoted from
the "Party Builder" for June 2S:
"After a,most successful campaign, ending in
Uie most remarkable advance (considering the
odds) ever made by the Socialist Party of this
country," there has been a steady falling off in
membership, until at the present moment there
are nearly 50,000 less members than one year ago."
After commenting upon these figures and the
demise „'of three Socialist organs, the Review has
the following pregnant remarks to make: .,
"The fact is that in our factional embitterment
we appear to have forgotten, not only our common
Socialistic principles and aims, but even the rules
of ordinary intercourse and the commonest democracy,    ln our platform we demand proportional
representation, but in our internal party practice
we find au unholy joy in being able to suppress
the minority utterly and completely.    Wherever
oue faction happens to be in power, it systematically excludes the members oi tlie other faction from
the party counsels, the management of the press,
tho selection of speakers, etc.   Wc refuse a creden-.
tial lo a member duly elected to a high party office
by a referendum vote, men wc turn around and
give it to his defeated opponent, as was done iu
Massachusetts.   Then, to justify our act, we quote
scripture.   The devil can do that just as well!   Wc
do not even shrink from falsifying election'returns, as was recently done in a subdivision of
Local New York.   Surely, a halt must, be called, to
such tactics, as destructive and disruptive as they
are disreputable. The Socialist party cannot thrive
upon, and should not tolerate, the methods of boss
and machine rule which prevail in the old parties.
The S. L. P, has shown us where boss methods lead
to in a. Socialist movement.   Even the Republican
party, inured to machine rule and reeking with
corruption, has recently afforded the spectacle of
revolt against the excessive employment of the
"steam roller."   The appalling loss in membership
reported by the national office should serve to call
us back to our senses.   To persist in our present
way, is to court destruction for the party and to
hamper ancl retard the progress of Socialism on
this continent."
We must confess that the narrowness that is
sometimes permitted to creep into Socialist and
labor ranks is appalling indeed. There seems to
be a general feeling that any attempt on the part
of a worker to better himself financially is a signal for certain individuals to insinuate graft, or
News of the District Cariips
(Continued from Page 5)
"material interest." As a matter of fact the latter is quite a cant phrase among some who find it
-iiTipng';iblfi_to_sp.cak about those holding official
positions without' insinuating some self-seeking
The greatest, enemy to labor is the worker.
From the increased earnings of thc C. P. R.—
viz. $10,000,000—it, is pretty evident, that this corporation has not been affected by the money stringency, and who ever may be out to lose money this
does not appear to bc the intention of the C. P. R.
Many people seemed inclined to think that the C.
P. R. made Canada, but the worker has for some
time been wise to 'the fact that Canada is making
the C. P. R. Two streaks of vusi never made a
country iC there was not the brain and muscle of
the worker at tho back.-
The full result of our subscription competition
will be announced next week, but so far two poo-
pie have beon fortunate enough to sccuro watches,
Jn the children's competition wc hopo to dispose, of
a number of dollar bills nnd would ask parents to
givo the youngsters all assistance possible. Children nre great, hustlers, especially if encouraged by
their parents and we hopo bo even more successful in this than in our first attempt. There is just
one point, in the largest, enmps no attempt has been
mnde to increase, uur circulation. Wo do,not see,
however, why this should not be remedied nnd by
the children, too,
the' rest, anyway, if the people who
have children have any interest in
their education they should be at this
meeting and say what they think.
A special train was run from Lethbridge la'st Thursday, loaded with Odd
Fellows to spend the day in the Pass.
After landing in Blairriiore they paraded the main streets of the town and
then weftt out to tlie picnic grounds
west of the town. The remainder of
the day was spent in sports, which
were held hetween the different lodges.
In the very near future the people
of the pass are to have a unique opportunity of hearing a humorous lecture. It will he given in Blairmore on
August 20th. The subject is "Mark
Twain and will be given hy Mr. J. M.
Waggett, ,B. A., who Is attracting such
attention in this province at the present time as a humorous entertainer.
It will be given in several places in
the Pass and in Blairmore Opera
House on the above mentioned date.
Watch for the bills.
The people of Prank were more than
saddened' on Tuesday morning, when
the message flashed across the wires
that one of our townspeople had heen
suddenly called away in the person of
Mrs. W. J. Mcgowan. Only a week
ago -both she and Mr. Mcgowan left
town for Lethbridge.' No one ever
thought that anything serious was the
cause. While an Lethbridge an operation was performed, which in itself
was successful, but later complications
set in, which caused death on Tuesday
morning.' Mrs. McGowan was well
known here, having resided here about
six years, coming here from Nova Scotia. She was a friend to everybody,
possessing those,characteristics that
made people trust her and for this reason she is missed., The sorrowing husband has the sympathy of the whole
■town. The; body "was brought from
■Lethbridge "by train on Wednesday to
the home. The funeral will be held
to the Blairmore cemetery on Thursday. Mr. Robert McGowan, of Fernie,
and Mr.'Richard McGowan, of Calgary,
■brothers-in-law of the deceased and
■Mr. Allen Moore, of Calgary, are in
town to attend the funeral.
Miss Mund, a nurse, came up from
Lethbridge on Tuesday night.
Last Sunday afternoon the Hillcrest
Warriers met defeat in a hotly con-'
tested baseball game on' the Hillcrest
diamond at the hands of the C. P. R.
Gladiators of Frank. It was a veritable Waterloo and the boys on the
Hill are still speculating on how the
battle happened to go against them
by so decisive a score as fourteen to
four. They were routed'by the C. P.
R. boys who have reorganized with a
new pitcher and some, of the old talent.
Ted Thoreso,- a recruit who was
C. P. R. boys, played a brilliant game
in the outfield and also had a perfect
day at bat. Thoreso made three shoe
string catches, robbing the Hillcrest
boys of several runs. He pounded out
a three bagger, two doubles and cne
single out of four times at bat and
bids fair to become a major leagues,
Third baseman Cnrruthcrs and First
Baseman Fitzsimnions, who were suffering from Charley horse, were shifted to the outfield ancl while the "positions wero new to them they put up
a good article of ball. Fred Livingstone, who worked on the rubber last
year, was tried out at second base and
it will take somewhat of an inflslder
to take his berth away from him.
Peters nnd Bradbear made up a battery that will stack up well with anything between Cranbroolc and Loth-
The Hlllcrest boys mado a horolc effort in the last few Innings to stay
the tide and save tho day, Tliolr efforts wero futile, liowevor, and tlio
Hlllcrest Warriors saw thoir flag como
down nnd victory perch upon the banners of tho C, P.. It. Club.
The O, P, R, boys would llko to -moot
nny tnnm In tho Pass, prefornbly Macleod or Fernlo.
held here on the 23rd. The following
are the returns: H, Elmer, Michel, 12;
W. Graham, Coleman, 5; >T. G. Harries,
Passburg, 8; J. O. Jones, Hillcrest, 19;
R. Levitt, Bellevue, 202; F. Wheatley,
Bankhead, C; spoiled, 6; total, 258.
For secretary—T. W. Brown, Michel,'
33; A. J. Carter, Fernie, 99; T. France,
Coal Creek, 57; D. H. Hyslop, Coleman, 62; spoiled, 7; total 258.
Quite a crowd of sports took in the
football game between-Hillcrest and
Coal Creek. The referee's decision
did not find favor with local fans.
John D. Steele has arrived in camp
from the eastern states and has start'
ed work at No. 2 mine.
The regular meeting of Local 431
was held on Sunday last and quite, a
lot of business was transacted.
International Board Member D. Rees
was In camp this week on business.
Mr. Robert Riddle met with a slight
accident this week while following his
occupation as miner. ,He will l\e able
to start work in a few days.
A public meeting of the citizens of
Bellevue will be held in the practice
room on Sunday next to transact business concerning the Bellevue brass
band.   'Everyone welcome.
A Slavonian miner was seriously
hurt at the Prospect Mine this week.
He had his leg*broken-and some bad
cuts about the head. It will be some
time before he will be able to work.
The Bellevue band went to Hillcrest and gave a concert in front of
the Union Hotel on Sunday last.
Quite a crowd of Bellevue people
went to Blairmore to hear the lecture
in the Baptist church there.
The Bellevue Band gave an open air
concert on Sunday night in front of
the post office. There was a big
crowd in attendance who -stayed the
programme out.
■Mrs. G. W. Goodwin was in Coleman
on Saturday night visiting.
•Mrs. D. Slack, who lias been visiting
in,camp, returned home to Fernie on
Monday last. .
The local team went to Blairmore
on Saturday to play the league fixture
and brought home two more points
with them, defeating the Blairmore
team by a score of 2-0. A big -crowd
went to' Blairmore to boost for the
boys. t
- There was a slight mistake in an
item concerning Mr. Harry Campbell's
resignation, lie did not tender it at
a general meeting, but sent it in after
the meeting. Correspondent regrets
error and promises good behavior in
Doctor Delaney, who was in camp
looking after Dr. McKenzie's practice
while he was away, left, camp this
week for Pincher Creek, where he
has secured a position^ \ .
Who was the man that went to
Lethbridge to, meet his wife and miss-
-gd=h em Oh=irou=kid !
society and report at a future meeting. , •; Y" , "" • ,-.
-," The meeting was fairly well attended, several ladies 'being'present. ,-It
was stated that the profits made by
the old society had aggregated ?25,-
OOO'OQ and that the annual trade of
the store exceeded ?100,000.00.
As a co-operative store this concern
has been one of the most successful
in the Crows Nest Pass and every effort will be made to reform the society
upon a sound financial Basis, and members should not lose sight of the fact
that it is necessary to spend,every
cent at the store if they wish to reap
tbe benefits of co-operativsm.
Any 'member of the Loyal Order of
Moose who wishes to see the National
Deputy Director can do so at the
Grand' Union Hotel, Coleman, • on
Thursday evening noxt.
^^►♦♦♦^♦^ ■»♦»♦♦»♦♦♦
it* ♦
Any member of the Loyal Order ot
Moose who wishes to see the National
Deputy Director can do so at Blair
more Hotel on Wednesday evening
Drastic Steps Hinted at in Endeavor
to'Secure Electoral Reform
. • ' ,in Prussia
{BERLIN, July 30.—Declaration of a.
"birth strike" was suggested at meet- *
ings held today to discuss the advisability as to the best means of bringing about electoral reform in Prussia.
The father of the idea was Dr. Alfred
Bernstein, who , declared that most
successful pressure would be exerted
on the government if mothers would
announce: "We will bring no children
into the world to become citizens of
this state unless better rights of citizens are accorded."
What the Socialists oppose is the
three-elass election system by which
a poor man has from .one one-hundredth to one five-hundredth of the
power of a rich man.
Mayor's Wife Dies After Operation at
FRANK, Alta., July 30.—A telegram
was received here this morning bearing the sad news of'the death of Mrs.
W. J. McGowan, who died last night
in Lethbridge after undergoing an
'Mrs. McGowan was the wife of William   J.   McGowan, mayor and hard-
Calgary, July 2S.—Sam. A. Hall, former Edmonton real estate operator,
and before that a Montana financier
of note, until recently serving a ten
year term in the Montana penitentiary
for embezzlement of $100,000, is at
liberty. ■ The governor of. 'Montana
has issued him' a pardon on condition
that he mako repayment to his creditors of. the amount of his deficiency
within the next 5 years.
At the end of that time, if he has
not paid every cent of his shortage,
he is to" go back to prison and serve
out his term.   It is probably the most,
unique pardon ever granted.
About three 'years ago Hall figured
/prominently In the financial life of
Butte, Montana.' He was formerly in
the real estate business, then promot-
ware merchant of Frank. Tlie deceased   has  lived   in the pass for some 1 ed several companies, finally organiz-
years past and has a large circle of
friends.' Newsj. of tke sudden death
comes as a great shock to the entire
community and sincere sympathy is
extended to Mr. McGowan. Details
are lacking as to whereithe body will
be interred.   '
♦ ♦'♦
Evidence Showed that She Was Over
worked and Living Conditions
Rome of
the f'nlgnry papers Imve seen fit to
e exception to the notion of tlie 1'Vrnie Board 'if
Trade in hunching the disreputable real
estate stunts thnt have been pulec-d off in thin i'nss.
Vciv our pnrt wo do not see Unit nny ronl, eHtnte
iitfeiit doing leu'ilimnte luisinesH (irmntod thnt our
iiitorpretiilion of "legitimate bushiest*" mny be
somewhat narrow as compared with theirs) can
object to tho enmpnign being carried on by tho
Foniio Board ol! Trado. Wo boliovo that this campaign will do n certain amount of good oven if it,
does nothing moro than'enlighten*tho would bo
purchased oi! ronl estate as to tlm possibilities of
tho "gold brick" schemes Unit have hwn ihuVu*;**
through this 1'iiss, ,
Tho real estnte agent who has dono business and
satisfied'liis clients should havo absolutely no ob-
.lection to a propaganda of this hind.*
Tliero is no doubt n Biblical phrase Unit might
very eloquently illustrate the whole hij-flinoss and
it rendu somewhat aR follows! "Lot him who is
without sin cast thc first "stnne." <l
Our opinion is and always will ho that so long
as men nre compelled to exist under Ww cHpiUdLt
^ysfcni, ju«f -in long will thoy use the syRtem to its
'limit. Tint difference is in the ilegree alone, ami
;.!:! thi'v*. look very niiicli 1ho same to mho. How-
ever, Calgary has plenty of room to grow and we
should not he hearing of overcrowding yet, hut
There is n possible chance of a public, meeting l«
support of the shop rk^Mmlf holiday  h«Jt If ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
matter* nr, not |>i»Wl -*u .JuII   ^ ■     '' ■ ,f noUu.w and the intelligent worher knows why.
here and nothing done—only overtime! , >» not mm ana ine *
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦■*«►♦ ♦^^►♦♦♦♦♦^
The tradesmen   on   tlio   Connolly
Townslto nro of tho opinion, nud jUHt-
ly ho, ilint thoy Hhould bo supplied wlili
light by tho conl company, but the
latter seom to lmvo thoir own vlows
on tlio mattor nnd dlsponso thoir fav-
oi'H wlioro It boHt servo tliolr Interests.
About tlili, of courso, (here Ih nothing mniBUiil, but to put the cbho plnln-
ly, on tho company townslto there nro
some four or flvo luminous houses,
wlilhi   on tint other townsttn, which
was thrown open some six or sovon
years n«o, thoro nro nlno or ten well
(IHtabllHllod busliiessoH, nnd these pooplo. In nplle of repented nppllcntlon,
hnvo boon unahlo to got nny further
satisfaction from tlio company thnn
tho oxcuho that thoy have not enough
power, although it Is strange that tn
tho enso of their own townslto thoy
nre able to supply all and then somo.
Thn newly erected picture Hhow has
boon able to secure light, but tno Socialist Hull and tho buBineBB men arc
Htlll honlmr and waiting.    Tho tradesmen nro of tho opinion tliat when ihe
uu*** Hdiool, now ia cowiac ml tifvulloii,
Is completed that the company mny be
pnrsnnrtod to extend tho sorvlco.   Not
to he bent, however, we aro Informed
that tlio trndoBmon aro not without aa
-iltorMth'o   nml If thc conl company
persist In their refusal it Is tliolr intention to appronch tho Hillcrest conl
company nnd to Hocurn a Bupply from
them,    Tho possibility of tho town
becoming Incorporated Is not remote,
nnd with the advent of this tho trades-
men will bo In a much better -position
to secure tliolr demands.
DlBtrlct President J. K. Hmith. ol
Frtrntc, was in camp on Sunday,on his
wny to FiitsBhnrg. Tie returned at
nlp;tit to do a little bunlne** before
lMvlni? on the night train for Can-
Th* dmrtlnn for th« positions o! vice
pntaldcrit ami secretary-treasurer was
The Jones' Bros..circus was in camp
Inst week and gave two shows. Bad
weather was responsible for small
Mrs. Thomas Longworth, who has
been visiting her parents in Lancashire, England, for tho'''' past three
month, returned to camp this week.
Jack Shone nnd Frank Beasloy, who
wont to North Porks fishing this week,
returned home on Saturday with a
good catch.
Coleman football team will be the
visitors hore on Saturday, 2nd August,
and a record crowd is expected, Como
everyone and bring your friends.
A few more electric lights like the
ones Installed this week for the band
would make things moro pleasant at
night around this camp.
Mr, .1. MeP, Waggett ls announced
to lecturo on Mark Twaln'ln tho So^
clalist Hall on August 18th, Tlio comment of ono who hoard Mr. Waggett
in Edmonton wns that Mr. Waggett ls
funnlor thnn Mark Twain ovor wns.
Mr. Wnggett comos horo undor tho
auspices of a fow promoters who nre
Interested In literary entertainment
and tho ontorprlso should meet with
thn hnnrtiest support of tho Bollovuo
Mr, W. IT. Irwin was n Colomnn visitor on Tuesday.
Mr. Ocorgo Noblo is hoarding nt tho
Bolloviio ITotol by wny of a change.
Mrs. Edward Couplnnd was u Blalrmoro visitor on Monday.
Two mon woro nrrentod hero In connection with Joiios Brothers circus for
selling immoral pictures. Thoy woro
given theirs in the cells nt Macleod,
Tho management of tho Bollovuo
mine nro to be coiiKnitulnted un the
good showing thoy have mnde. Thoy
hnvo made a record for the month,
thoro liming beon B8.0R2 tons of conl
shipped for the month of 211 working
dnys. About r>7r> mnn nro employed
nt, this mino nnd thoy shipped 1;9(!2
toiiH for a in hour shirt. Tho mine Is
only worked 10 hours n dny find It Ir
ho remembered Hint part of tho mine
Is cloned down and this hns handicapped tin- miinngomnnt quite a lot. When
the iiiliio Is ngnln working full tlmn
they extinct to havo n much larger
.Tnmi'B Burko, tho locnl secretary,
hns been confined to his room for tho
Inst wook suffering with la grippe,
FRANK, July ,28.—Miss Catherine
Londot, a young girl whose home is
in the Cowley district, left home a few
weeks ago and secured work as a servant in the employ of Mrs. Mar,-:
Drumm at Frank. Peter Londot came
to Frank and endeavored to force ihe
girl to return home with him, but
she appealed to the police, who sent
for Mr. Foxwell,- chief inspector of
delinquent children at Edmonton. Mr.
Koxwell came to Frank and went 'n-
to the matter thoroughly and brought
the case up * before Justice A. O.
Beach and Justice "W. Simpson. The
f-ither had been very cruel to the
little girl, making her work in tbe
folds, cut wood, etc. , A sister of thc
gii! testified that their house coi-
tained but two rooms nnd thnt ihe
father, mother, brother and the two
girls all slept in one room, while thc
o'.her room was used for a kitchen.
The girl has been tinned over to
the Alberta government and Is to be
left in chargo of Mrs. Drumm for tho
pr-.-sent. Until she becomes of age
tho government will bo responsible for
her T^elfnre.
Ing a bank. In all his undertakings
he was successful. With tho collapse
of the Butte mining boom, his enterprises .went to the wall and he was
found to be $100,000 short In his accounts.- He was tried and although
his contention that the money had
'been talcen by his subordinates was.
sustained by witnesses, he was adjudged guilty and sentenced to prison.
Pending a new trial he was released
on bonds, went to Edmonton and was
doing a flourishing real estate business there a year ago when his new
trial came up for hearing. He was
again adjudged guilty and went to
prison for ten years.
'BISLEY, July 27.—Pte. W. Hawkins,,
of the 48th Highlanders, Toronto, won
the King's prize of' 1913 yesterday
with a grand aggregatte of 330 out of
a possible 355, thus repeating the triumph of Private Clifford of Toronto,
who carried off the King's prize for
the Canadians in 1911. The finish of
the last range of the final stage was
vory exciting, being a keen contest, be-
,t-W£en„Sergt.-FenbyLFlfth Royal War-
wick, -who finished second with 329
arid the winner. Fenby finished his
shooting some minutes' before, Hawkins with an aggregate of 329. Hawkins mado a magpie on his.14th shot
and required a bull on his final shot
to win, which he obtained amid the
deafening cheers of the Canadian
team. Sergt. Ommundsen, who had
been making tho pace throughout tho
match, finished fourth with 324, making a miss half-way through tho last
rango and following this with a string
of timers.
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
Excellent Culelne.
In the Pass.—
*}. A. CALLAN, Prop.
Tho question la asked, Wo
answered: "Look' around you
and soo.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing	
Are you nllvo to tho situation?   If you nro wo cnn show
you a placo you can make a
big profit ou,
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
Dirt Cheap.
♦ ♦
^g*p  ^^  ^w ^j^  ^^. ^^  "Wa?   ^^0   'w''   "Q*'   '■&    '&'   'W^-
In nccordimco with loccnt leglHln»
tinn tho Co-Operatlvo Society of Ce e-
num hns bnon re-forming and st a
mooting bfdfl in thc Minor's Open
House, Colomnn, on Monday last ihe
various clnuRes of tho n«w act wero
explained, ono of tho principal ba'.ng
tno power given societies \a hand>
withdrawable shares. Other ferttur-
**x of thn net nro: One fchnreholder ono
vol<v, nlso powor »o loun monl-w to
members for pun naalnf real estate.
hulhiltiK, **iv„ Woituui am al»o ullvX-
bin to become shareholders and vote
In their own right
At iho meeting en Monday night It
wns unanimously decided to form the
•nclcty. and a committee of snv«n wns
appointed te draw op ttie roles and to
lnTPStlgatfs th* statns o! the pmetht
Thomson & Morrison.
Funeral Directors Fertile* B. C
Local A«enta
Orders.t»fe»ri tHrottffHottt th* Pass ?HE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C. AUGUST 2, 1913 PAGE 7IV»
€^ wir *§>
WMMl^YV¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥¥rY¥*¥ ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ »¥¥*¥****♦*** ¥»¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥»¥»¥¥»¥»»»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥■¥¥ ¥■»¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ *¥¥¥¥¥Y¥¥'*f¥»»
The English Church Sunday Sch'ooJ
held tlieir annual picnic at the River
Bottom'"on Mr. Jones' homestead on
' July 23rd. The kiddies had an excellent time and enjoyed, themselves first
rate.    ' ,-
Quite, a number of, Kippites took in
the excursion to Blairmore on the
24th and report having a good time
up in the trees.    ■
Danny McMlllan'was visiting friends
in Coalhurst this week.
Mr. Black, who left Coalhurst about
a month ago, was visiting friends and
having a talk with his old acquaintances on Sunday.
The applicants who put in their
names to join the Oddfellows have
been examined hy Dr. Rose this week.,
Institution of the lodge takes place on
the 12th of,August.
A collection was taken up on pay
day and the hundred and twenty-five
dollars collected was presented to the
Rev. \V. J. Allen of the Presbyterian
Church who Is leaving Coalhurst this
week for Ontario.
Sam Jones, mine inspector, paid his
monthly visit to Coalhurst this week
and his report of the mines was |ood.
Mr. Bateman of Taber was a visitor
to Coalhurst this week acting as neutral scrutineer at the election of vice
president and secretary-treasurer.
There was only a very small number
of the members voted on the twenty-
third, the majority evidently have no
interest in the elections but enjoy to
take part ln the shouting afterward.
The -mine was Idle on Saturday, the
first day after a steady run for over
two months. .
♦ ♦♦♦<►«►♦
Tho Canadian Bank of Commerce
has,moved Into the new building on
tho corner of Douglas avenue and
Hough street.
The Taber Transit Co. have changed their route for their radial railway. The original intention was to
go,.north on Renaston avenue to the
town limits, but "owing to opposition
in the council, they have decided to
Lv-lld in the east end of town.
The bylaw to raise 20,000 dollars for
the gas well was .voted on on Monday
and carried by a vote of 140 to 47
"Tlie result" was a-surprise to'aTgfeivt"
many people, as considerable "opposition had boen expected. Very few
of the workingmen voted, as no one
seemed to havo interest enough to
get out to vote. The business men
and real estate dealers were In favor
of the bylaw to a man and had their
automobiles busy«all day bringing In
their supporters.
Tho new theatre hullt by Carl Jud-
eon will open on Friday, August lst.
Tho building Is supposed to nccommo-
nlnto 450 people.* Tho interior is well
finished nnd yery attractive looking.
Tho night operator on the C. P. R.
., lost his job this week. It scorns thnt
feeling in need of some refreshment
ho wont ln search of it nnd during his
absence ■ tho mall train arrived and
also several freight trains. There was
no traco of tho operator to be found,
so tho train men had to hunt up tho
day mnn to havo tho lino cleared. The
night man got his walking papers nejst
Paul Itousor has purchased lots on
the south Bldo nnd Is building a houso.
Harry Brooks Is having nn addition
built to his houso this wook. Jim Al-
drlflgo nnd Walter Qooilfollow aro doing the work.
Outsldo work ls very ecarco just
now, A fow men havo been employed cutting woods, but that Is nbout,
finished. Thoro is practically no
building going on nnd no municipal
work, Thoro aro a Inygo numbor of
mon In town looking for employment.
Quito n number nro wnltlng for tho
rnlnos to start up. Somo mnn hnvo
heen promised a start tho flrstt ef tho
month, hut miners..Intending to como
to Tabor would ho well to wnlt a fow
woulis longer, as .It is not likely that
a grout number of mon will ho, nondod
before' thn lnttor part of "August,
refreshments   dancing  was   resumed
and continued until daylight.
The total sum realized, including
that taken at the door, was $107.00.
This is a very gratifying result, and
the committee wish to return thanks
to all those who assisted in the smallest way in making this social such a
success,    '
Prior to the auction of baskets
Mr. Bennett presented Miss Ruth
Knowles with her prize'" won in the
Ledger subscription competition.
The committee also desire to thank
the ladies for baskets, Trites-Wood
for the tea,j coffee and sugar, the auctioneer, and also the lady who made
the tea and coffee, which was done
free gratis, and the gents for the
spirited manner the bidding was carried on, and hope for a continuance
of support on other occasions.
George Baker and 11: Billsborough
acted as assistant to the auctioneer.
.The highest price basket was given
"by   Miss   Agnes   Wright of Coyote
Mrs. John Brown was admitted to
hospital on July 25tli to undergo medical treatment for internal troubles.
We are pleased to report her progressing as well as can be expected.
Miss Ruth Knowles is the proud
possessor of one of the "District Led-
ger" subscription, prizes, having obtained 50 subscribers.
•Mr. and Mrs. Harry Murray were visiting friends ,up here on Sunday last.
What think you of the government
Coal Creek football club journeyed
to Hillcrest on Saturday last to fulfil their league engagement with that
burg. A good sporting game ended in
a victory for Coal Creek 3-0. A very
pleasant time was spent with the Hillcrest boys. The return journey was
made on Sunday morning. Upon arrival in Fernie the team and followers chartered rigs for Coal Creek,
which was reached about lunch time.
Joe HaTper, one of the football boys,
was laid up for a few days with inflammation, We are pleased to see
around again, Joe.
A special general meeting of club
members was called and held on Sunday last to. hear report of interview
with Fernie Athletic Association re
sports for Labor Day. It was decided
that sports take place at Coal Creek
on Labor Day and that a band be engaged and that $500 be given. for
A runaway occurred on the outside
incline at I North mine on Tuesday
evening.. Fortunately there was no
one Injured Broken_tj:.rack and.
wrecker cars was the result.
, Owing to the recklessness of one
of the drivers-from No.  5  mine, a
man was run down on tho.road while
coming off shift on Wednesday night.
As this case is not tried yet, we re-
As it is absolutely necessary that we
should hear from all camps each week,
would ask' those correspondents who
have been a little lax in sending in
notes not to overlook their weekly
contribution. It is useless to expect
the residents of the various camps to
purchase the Ledger if they cannot obtain local news.
However trifling these items may
appear to an outsider, to the residents
of the camps they may be of genuine
interest. We make monthly settlements with all our correspondents and
we promise that there will be no kicks
about this.
We trust Local Secretaries, will
make note of same, and where correspondents have failed to come thro'
another scribe will be immediately appointed.
fra in from comment,
Two of our old-timers took a sudden
notion to leave camp on Wednesday
night. Oh, Willie, wo shall miss you,
and likewise Jack. We expect you will
return in the sweet subsequent.
Owing to the warm weather (perhaps) one young man took off his
coat and hat and placed them in a
placo of safety, but on returning found
them minus. Probably they have gono
to tho samo place as the doll. Oh, you
Robert Cooke has taken up a position In Trites-Wood storo up hero.
Wo wish you luck, Bob,
Wo would 'like to know who tho
young follow was who, ln a spirit of
tondorheartedne8s told tho young lady
that If sho loft the. camp ho would go
Oh, woop no moro, my lady, wcop no
uvoro I pray;
For If you have to go away, I, too will
draw my pay.
Slow music.
Mr. and Mrs, W. Mills of Fornio,
woro up for tho bnskot social on Wednesday night. Billy -snid ho hnd never
enjoyed himself so woll boforo. Sny,
Hilly, you cnn dnnco sonic.
James Shnrploa was In Mlchol last
week ond representing Conl Creek nt
thn Longuo mooting.
Wo nro sorry to hear of ono Individ-
mil Btaylng nwny from tho baBkot social on Iho grounds thnt It might prove
expensive. No ono was compelled
to huy, Tho stentorian volno of tho
blddora called two-bits, six-hits.
George Rankin left for Manitoba.
Rumor has It that George has his eye
on some wealthy farmer's daughter.
Time will tell.
The sanitary arrangements round
tlie Queen's Hotel have undergone a
distinct change for the better, for
which the boarders tender their profound thanks.
A dance was given in the sample
rooms of the Royal • Saturday . night
and .was well attended.
Jack Donnachie has landed back In
Hosmer and has started as shot lighter in 'B'Level.
Good sized audiences attended the
performances of Jones Brothers shows
Friday afternoon and evening and in
a comfortable tent thoroughly enjoyed
the entertainment, Not the biggest,
but one of the best is the motto of
Jnes 'Bros. The trained ponies and
dogs were clever and amusing " and
kept the children particularly in a
high state of glee. The baby elephant
with its tricks was another star performer and the daring trapese work
was quite out of the ordinary and deserves to be praised. There were
lots of clowns and of course their comical -stunts caused lots of laughter. We
could go on in this strain for quite a
length, but can't say how much of it
Hosmerites will agree with.
Lots of enquiries are being made if
sports are to be held in Hosmer this
Labor Day. Thanks ttf the hoggish
proclivities of our Fernie neighbors,
who seem to have commandeered our
annual sports day, it doesn't seem
■ The merchant's' half holiday has
kind of simmered down. iThe only
thing you can't get in Hosmer Wed-
.* ah .1 *» .. a £t-m*n — — — - ~* ,. -. 4-aI* ,^m *vt n„ I	
ucaud. ~alLfciuuuu      in      uui\,u-«i      inert ,-r
Might miss a nickel if they closed.
•Miss Jessie Smith, formerly assistant post mistress at Hosmer, is visiting -Mrs. McL. Fletcher this week.
The Hosmor Industrial shipped in
a car of flour. Hosmer does its business in car lots.
Various letters have been received
ln town giving Athabasca lots an awful jolt, and so many of our townspeople were figuring on making their
pile there.   Too bad.
The Mlchol and Hosmer teams play
their return league fixture on Saturday. This Is Hosmer's laat league
game at Hosmer, so come and -boost.
Tho following team hns been choson:
Goal, A. Adamson; backs, Andrew
Adamson, TCvans; halves, Rico, Balderstone, Whlto; forwards, Oakley, H,
Adamson, Thornton, Murray, Patterson; ronerve Myers. Kick-off 6,45 p.
Tho following Is tho junior team for
Mlchol Saturday: Pruett, J. Kerr. T.
Kler, 'McDougall, J, Robson, S. Lakey,
T. .Toinson, Brownrlgg, Hudock, E. La-
key, rosorves, TT, Robson, N. Shaw, D.
Kerr. Rigs will loavo Hosmer fl.30
Tlio locnl lock-up Is bolng enlarged
hv tho old School whlcn is boing fit-
tod up with bars and grates. Kvon
tho government hns nn eye to business.
clasped in each other's arms and it
took the united efforts of the umpire
and half of the Frank team to pull
them apart. It was very easy to understand how Frank won the game,
as only four of the regular Hillcrest
team were playing, the balance of the
team being substitutes. Quinlan, of
•the Hillcrest team, is in line for at
least a minor league team, as he batted one out that took the Frank team
fifteen minutes to find. We must congratulate Mr. J. N." McDonald, the
catcher for the Hillcrest team, for Ms-
unfailing good humor; if good nature
and good fellowship would have won
the game J. N. Mac would be packing
the "victory to his team' mates. (See
Frank notes for the other side.
Mr. and Mrs, J. O. Jones arrived in
town on Saturday and were the guests
of Dr. and Mrs. Allan Ross for a few
Supt. J. S. Quiglcy, who has been
confined to his home through Illness
for the last week, is able to get around
Harry Tennant, who had his leg
broken in the mine some time ago,'is
able to be .around again.   ,
The mines are working steady and
the output has increased considerably.
The company has installed a new dinkey to convey the coal from the mine
to the tipple, A new box car loader
has also been set up at the tipple.
Mr. Dan Brlsco's new house, which
has been under construction for the
last few weeks,' is nearing completion.
We hope to hear the pealing of the
wedding bells in the near future, Dan.
Mr. C. A. Howard, the popular land
shark, 'is a Hillcrest guest since a
'Mr. Lawrence Ryan,,of Frank, paid
a flying visit to Hillcrest on Tuesday.
Mr. A. J. McKinnon, of Medicine
■Hat, was a visitor in Hillcrest last
Hugh Hunter and D. J. Walker returned from a few days' fishing trip
to the South Forks.
John Mansell has bought a new suit
of paint for his house.
♦«■♦♦» »»♦■»♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦
♦ ' ♦
»»♦♦■»»♦♦ ♦■»♦'
Wm. Robinson, pit boss in No. 3
mine here, left the early part of last
week for a vacation up north and returned on Monday. Tom Cunliffe, who
holds a similar position in new No. 3,
had charge of the former mine and
Will Whitehouse deputized in new No.
3. ■ 	
♦ -    •■ ♦
♦ COAL CREEK NOTE8       ♦
♦ " ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦*#*♦♦♦ ♦ :♦ ♦ ♦
The Basket -Social
Tho long promised bnaket social In
■connection with tho Coal Crook Foot-
linll Club took place nt tho Creok In
tho Club. Hall on Wednesday night.
There Avns a goodly attendance, hoth
sexes being woll represented, Home
twenty sovon baskets were contrluted
nnd these wore sold by J. W, Bennett.
The .proeoodtngs opened with dancing, nnd at nbout nlno o'clock some
dozen couples woro tripping the light
fantastic to tho music provided by
Obits. Percy snnr. nnd lur,, with the
assistance of Mr. U, Ramsay's violin.
An the uvunfag prugrtitfiMM. tae at.
tendance was considerably augment*."!
and alt about 10.30, after a abort Introductory address In. hia own Inimitable
style, the auctioneer started the sale.
TUrlillno'  win   r,yf>nM1riff1v  firlaV  trn'r,
the start, and before Mr. Bennett had
disposed of tho twonty-soven baskets
he had aucceedod In Inveigling from
the sterner aex T>r«sent some $*89,f»'».
This was not acco^p!lsbed without
ci nslderable amu««n>cnt and competition, In on* ease Iho wotild-be percHn-
er takin, fc elugc behind a "dealer," a«
♦ " '■ ♦
»♦♦♦♦♦»♦ ♦♦♦*►♦♦♦♦«>
Alee Coutts had the misfortune te
badly aprnln Ills nnklo coming from
tlio lamp cabin to the washhouso. An
nre light lu this locality would help
Hosmor Journeyed to Michel to play
their league fixture. A lot ot rustling
was required to get a full team out, A
Blow game, which was called ten minutes 'before tlmo by the roforoo, found
| Michel londlng 2-1. As fnr as football
was'concerned there was only oao
toam ln tho game, but you can't play
If they won't allow the ball to stay la
thc flold. Anyhow, wo have confidence
enough to promise Michel a beautiful j
liiiilua mu tiinimxti.)' . la ..m i-ulum,
Tho Michel lady boosters were there
with bella on and threatened ono of
tbe Hosmor players In particular with
n r*nin><w* nf mllltnnt. miffrnrrittwi.
The Juniors of Mlchol and Hosmor
also tried conclusions,-A good game on
Ifesmer ground ending In a tie 2 oach.
George McQueen handled tho whistle
without a klclt from either team,
which Is going some for juniors.
Dump your tubs Is the password at
Tho dumping pnrt I*
♦ «*►♦<►♦♦«►♦♦♦♦♦<►
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
Tlio Coal Crook football tonm arrived in Hllkrust ou tho noun train und
nftor spending tho nftornoon with
friends nnd acquaintances lliey kicked
orf at 0,30 p.m, A fair game was
plnyod liy both teams, At tho finish
honors wero 3-0 ln favor of Coal
Creok. Afterwards a smoking concort
wna held In the Union Hall. Wn hope
tlio Crook boys enjoyed their visit to
tho coming Pittsburgh.
On Sunday nftornoon lUUcrent wns
tree ted to a very flno game pf, busulmll
between Frank and tho homo team.
Although the Frank toam won a very
one-sided contest, It was due to the
fact that  Frank had a  few  innjor
leaguers with thew, vlt„ Wells Wagner of considerable notoriety, nnd also Christy Mathoaon" Potors, which in
enough to win games from any aggregation. -However.-although*Mr, Dan-
kan, the official acoror, had n smile
on hia face all the time, Hlllcrest still
thinks that they aro perfectly capable
el taauig ottt mtsuHu*} of tne l-rauKi
liv-iAu,    T'tiHii Tlixviiuwuw,  Jiic Hiiilul \
captain of tho Frank baseball team,
made the most spectacular play of the
day.   Going to .bat In tho fourth In-
nlnp, he made a flerco onslaught on
one of Quintan'* benders, mlssin«r the
Hphcre ntnuit ibreo feet, and iho bat
slipping out of his hands, very nearly
knocking the pitcher out of his box.
Ho was very properly admonished by
all round Cnrruthem, who Is really the
"silent".(although not always) owner
of the Frank team.
Mormon itehor wns a very persWt-
Utn wasbbouse,     *    .......      ^ .-. *. .
urmi ofthMe pr'iwiTt seemed diter I cn*y tf yon wn only get th* tub, | eat rooter all through the game but
■ The Creek boy* hopped ait at Ha**] would U«.« «x*u-*»11*mI Ulm«*»l( i*M U>«i« *,
mer depot on their return from Hilt-
rreiit to roast Hosmer league ref>re.
nmWltn for the stand he tooh In the
protested Il*llem« v Creek game. Hot
«!r *I**"t po. 1m»T** !»'wl,•'»**l«, ^ IP*-****
itnd ymt'H ret supported all the time.
mined to send bim alt the way.
At about 12.15 the order to Investigate baskets and s-eeur* partners waa
Issued and the nndlene* were aeon
busily engaged maktnf and renewing
•*tmfl*l»ta»«*. Tt* tiii «*ff«* v-fte
provided by the eemmlflee.   After th*»
been any wet goods around. On one
of the llllkrett men going to bat, and
getting » healthy wallop at the horse-
hide to out n«ld. Micky M< tutyre and
a hof h«i*# both trylae in d»Hrer ihe
goods, with the result that they iwe
The',wife of B. Caufield, the super
along with the children, arrived iback
in camp last week from an extended
trip at her old home, Cumberland England; also her sister-in-law, Mrs. Dan
Fowler. Dan now wears the smile
that won't come off; nuff sed. -
Percy Waugh, tho master mechanic,
took a trip to Fernie on Saturday last
along M'ith a lady just arrived from
England. Wc understand the nuptial
knot was tied, which places Percy
amongst the benedicts. The shlveree
band was In attendance on their arrival back to Michel, nnd quite a little
Mutslno waa drunk up at the Band
room to tho health of Mr. nnd 'Mrs,
Waugh. Wo wish them happiness In
their new enterprise.
The senior football team were at
home to Hosmor on Saturday last and
a good gamo wns expected "with both
teams being at full Btrongth and vory
llttlo to choose from their respective
positions in the league tabic   How-
ovor, it was a scrappy gamo that was
sorvod up, nnd tho honors going to
Michel by tho scoro of 2-1.   Tho Michel forwards woro In' a happy mood
and nt times played neat football, tho
backs being for onco In n whilo off
form, with tho exception of Jim Mooro
In gonl, who did what llttlo ho had to,
with satisfaction,   Tho Hosmor tonm
with "ono, exception" played a clean
gnme and at limes showed -a good understanding,   Thoy nro without doubt
n far bettor balanced team thnn of
yore, nnd with thoir old timer. Goo.
McQueen,   bnck   In   tho   tonm   they
should do hotter In tho return mutch,
nt Hosmer, on Rnturdny- next, which
will ho Mleholl's final league gnme
for this season.   It tho samo   team
could koop togothcr* for MSidiul limy
too should have a sny In tho rostlng
ptaee of one of tho eups.   Tho league
mooting wnn held hero nftor tho gnnio
Inst week,
Thn Mlchol Juniors paid a visit to
Hosmer Inst Saturday In their competition nnd returned homo with half
tho spoils, tho mutch being a drawn
gnme with two goals each, both goiils
being scored by A."Yates,' the centre
forward for Michel, Iho two goals
scored by lloHinnr Juniors being from
penalties. (See. McQueen seemed to
glvo ovcry satisfaction ns knight of
the whistle, Tho visitors this wook
are CmI Creek, when the kids hope
to oven up again, so got out nnd shout.
Much depends on this game if the Lip-
imrdt cup Is to havo a chnngo of rest-
Ing place.
A smoking concort ,wii« nrranged
for   Tuesday   .evening,   whli'h   waa
hold  In  Crahan's  hall  mid  attend-
i eu uj uiiouivf nttnv u*i**u,   iSuiiivruus
.'.'mh;<.\ rt>ctl:ii'l(inr, etc*, were mi-Jen-fl
nnd an enjoyable evening wns spent,
The following artistes contributed to
the lengthy programme with Mr. John
Marsh In the chair: Piano solos. V>an
Waddlngton and V. Newman; J, Cochran, souk; .1. IMice, song; n. .loi)i;n,
song In Welsh; F. Drekie, song; Jack
Uobinson,   song;   Alf.   Williams,   It.
Yates, John Nowman, Ed. Stacey, Tom
TMrsons. H. Gregory. T. Brown, Franl
f.nllett, Alf. Wall. Frank Carpenter,
Stanley   Brewer.   II,   Mercer,   Hy.
Hro-Aii, aU  huiigi*;  .1, Sitnipton, clog
dance; and W. Edwards rendered a
I'ticlUtfou -aUii very guuU tAiUa,   Ai, 1
bert Vales "as tho pianist   There
vert*, mnwt also given by *4Hne stsv-» t
nian and Itaifan brothers.   l»r**ldent
flrolth. atoms with tho International
Hoard Member liave He**, arrival tin
the m<»t tsouad local on Wednctdayj
evening and a mass meeting was called for Thursday morning at i0 o'clock.
Therefore no further news on the situation is available before going to
press.' \
The marriage took place jn W-otl-
nesday last at Fernie of Mr. James
Tierney, the dry goods clerk of the
Trites Wood Co., and Miss Annie
Frew, both of Michel, the. daughter of
Mr. Andy Frew, fire boss. The usual
greetings took place on the arrival of
the passenger, in the evening; the
shiyeree band turning out in full force,
also the members of the Michel Brass
Band. Quite a goodly number of persons were present at house of the
bride's parents, where tho repast was
served up and further amusements
took placo up to a late hour. It is
something unusual these days in this
burg to have two weddings to record
in ono week; but we fancy there is a
few more close at band. Hurry up,
The lino up for the Seniors for Saturday to meet Hosmer is: Jim Moores,
goal; Sam Hampton aiid Alex Wad-
dington, full backs; F. Dickie, Joe
Travers and Simeon Weaver, half
backs; Jess Brisco, Jim Hardman, Joe
Littler, Alf. Ball and W. Jenkins, forwards.
♦ * '♦
Mr. A. V. Lang a Frank old-timer,
was in town over Sunday.
■Miss M. Paul, of Fernie, spent several days in town last week, the guest
of -Mrs. Young.
- *.Wr. Abraham Brown, who is working at Coal Creek, visited his home
here on Saturday and Sunday last.
Mr. R. M. Thompson, manager of
the Frank Wine and Liquor Co., won
firs-t prize at the Odd Fellows' celebration in Blairmore for coming in ahead
in the fat mans 100 yards race.
The Blairmore Enterprize of last
week gives an account of a cribbage
league being formed at the Rocky
Mountain Sanatorium. It is carried on
between the guests and has developed
such enthusiasm that all other sport
has to take second or no place at all.
Those taking part in it are Messrs. A.
C. Beach, S. G. Lake, L. Ryan, J. C.
Boudreau, S. Smith, P. Carruthers, I-I.
Moore, H. N. Wiest and Mrs. Wiest.
Four hundred games have to be played, and according to-the latest report
P. Carruthers is in the lead.'
■Mr. and Mrs. P. II. Dubar, of Fer-
After visiting friends here they motored back t'o Fernie.
Miss Georgie Henry, who has -been
a Frank visitor for a few days, went
west on Tuesday night. ,
A number of people from here attended the lecture given in tho Baptist Church of Blalrmoro last Monday
night. The lecturer was Rev. J. C.
Sycamore, of Calgary, who spoke,
splendidly on the subject "Unopened
parcels," tho occasion being the anniversary of the Church.
Mr, and Mrs. Geo. Young, of Lethbridge, came up to attend tho Odd
Follows picnic at Blalrmoro last
Thursday and romalnod over till Saturday to visit Mr. Pattinson, of Liino
Mrs. -W. Knolton, ot Lethbridge,
who was spending somo weoks holiday
hore, left for her homo on Saturdny,
The Southern Alberta Methodist Sunday Schools nro arranging for a week's
outing which is to bo had In tho form
of a Summer School camp at Pincher
Crock from August 13-1 JH.li, Lectures
on tho problems ot tho day will bo given during tho forenoon nnd evening,
the nftornoon to be dovoted to sports
of vnrlous kinds. A few from Frnnk
nro arranging to go.
A public meeting will bo hold h
Rials' hnll noxt Thursday nlgWt tb discuss School matters. Thoro nro over
one hundred children of scliool ngo in
town find owing to tho condition or
tlio town nt present, thn mino closed
nnd tho town In Uio process of moving out from under tlio mountain,
there Is no monoy to run tx school,
llowovnr, wo can't see whoro tt would
bo at. nil right to c.Uw tlio scliool. The
government should eome through with
of the U. M. W. of A., left for Spokane
last week end.
Everyone in camp seemed in good
glee last week end; no doubt payday
(Continued on page 4)
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
—We carry exclusive agency—
Made of P & V  Leather
Big Bargains in Shoes for July
■   Pay
We carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*; Frank, Alta.
Men's Tan & Patent Shoes
All sizes.  Regular $4.25 to $4.75.   On sale this week for cash. .$2.50
In preparing for Stock Taking till odd lengths will go out at
Half Price and Less
Remnants of Print, Galatea, Muslin, Dress Goods, Cotton, Duck,
Shirting, Sheetings, Plannolette, from Dc a yard
Come Soon and Come Often
For other camp news ceo page 4.
The Quality Store
Groceries, and Dry Goods
Fruit and Vegetables
The Right Goods, The Eight Pi ice. The Right Treatment
Each and Every Time
Phone 25
Victoria St.
Blairmore, Alta, PAGE SEC
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
■■   West  Territories  and  in  a portion of
tbe Province of British Columbia, may
be leased  for  a  term  of  twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
[ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by   the   applicant   in   person   to   the
"  Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which th,; rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
describee} by sections, or legal sub-dlvi-
■lons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory''the tract applied for shall be
. staked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee ot $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mlsing
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
/surface rights may be considered necessary for tho working of the mine
at the rate of 110.00 an acre.
For full Information application
•hould be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Cory,
,    Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
Advertisement will not be paid fnr.
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's* Drug Store)
Phone 121
Hours: 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.
i     i
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
, Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals tliat taste like
mother used to cook
—-  " o *—
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sate
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co,
Ja^-i****** **» 9>   -> Kik\
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
The First Tears
Rteelv* Thi Ledger don't blame ut.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your iiibicrlptlon which la printed on
tht aama label containing your ad-
The cliff lay in the brooding fog of
the quarternary period, and in tie
universal stillness the creeping rills
made their way to the folded hollows
of earth's crust, to work for the formation of the seas.
On the crest of the cliff the branches of a thicket parted and" an arm, a
shoulder, then the entire form of-a
living being, veiled with tawny hair,
appeared, came forth and stood like a
hunted animal, glancing to right and
left—a primitive woman; with arched
shelving brows, broad flanks, short
solid legs, splay feet and thick, fat
A mass of falling hair, starting from
the crown of her long, skull, framed
her faco with a sombre, red-brown
aureole. A short, loose neck rose
from her full shoulders, strong * teeth
glittered In her red jaws and a double
furrow ran from jaw to brow to divide
the formless nose trom the cheek
As the creature breathed, her mobile nostrils drew back to take the
revelations of the wind. Sheltered by
the low, retreating forehead, two jutting arcades fell to form caverns for
the restless eyes. At times the wrinkled eyelids straightened, the eyes
•widened and an expression of, appealing softness appeared, then vanished
to give place to the look of a worried
The time was the dawn of humanity,
when man was an animal in all but
shape, before the rigors of the season
forced earth's population to hide from
cold in caves. The skeletons of giant
saurians were petrifying in the upper
strata of the crust and mammals were
moving into the valleys to take their
places: Great pachyderms and longhaired ruminants waded in the mire
of the valleys, and beasts of prey
dogged steps. Among the animals rare
beings foreshadowing man. crept naked, timid, feeling their way, hiding
from the 'beasts of prey.
In the low light' of the primeval
springtime, in silence broken only by
the tramp of padded hoofs and by the
lap of water against the mire, a man
searching for berries saw a woman
running to escape him, ran after her,
caught her and carried her away.
The man vanished, and for the first
time in her hunted life the woman felt
the loneliness of the solitude that had
been her best condition, and a pang
like the yearning of hunger awoke in
- She wandered along tlie hedges,
through the wet fields, under the dark
sky, searching for the one who had
mastered her; and when, after long
quest, she saw him, she"ran to him
jvith_JnaEti(iulatG„criss He_iga.ve_no,
answering sign, but, when he sat
down to eat his fistful of acorns, she
sat down beside him, and when he lay
down to sleep,* she, too, lay down. So
the law of life gave the woman to the
At first he tolerated her; then,
when she served him and was useful
to him, he made her his habit. Her
relative'weakness'gave her quick premonitions of their need of food. His
indifference to her and her dependence upon him gavo him superiority,
His silent acceptance of,her presence
arouse in her dull brain a feeling akin
to tenderness and in that feeling,
humble and submissive, she withdrew
when ho had beaten her.
Hock! tho name given to woman by
the man, was a namo like a growl of
n bear; but Danh! her name for him,
was an appeal soft as a enress, Thoy
Imd a word for hunger; Mah! and n
quick danger signal; Ileuh! The rest
thoy told Jn gestures.
Whilo tho man hunted, tho wonyw
waded in tho river, nnd, grinning,
caught tho slippery fishes; and Uneol>
ing, with nnnR outstrotchod, drew In
tlio silox carried by the curront, Into
round bones sho forced sllox splinters,
to bo used as knives, Sho scrnpoil
tlio skins of animate, stretched them
to dry, plorcod thoir edgoa, nnd with
fine strips of leather lncod tho;n on
horHGlf and,on tho man to servo as
shields from tlio cold and from tho
claws of animals, Sho heaped stones
boforo tlio onlmneo of hor don and
stood l'oarloBS by tho man whon ho
cast thorn at tho wolves. Tn the don
slio honpod loaves gnthorod from Iho
(roes and bits of flooco dropped )>y
honnttt. film lind a bison's born from
which to drink, nnd In tho skull ot iin
oloplmnt sho Rathorod rainwater, ■■ In
1mr .way* aim kopt lion so, but sho lind
no cooking. Mnn hnd not coiuiueroil
In tho cliff, midway botwoon foot
nnd nil in mil., whom tho continuous
rnlns and busy rills had laid burn tlm
oiilnrooiiH sediment. hIid found a eitvo
of dnpth mifnU'lc-nt to bold Iini*" bod.
Tlio placo was towards tlio wost nml
toward tlin 'south, nliiit In from . colirt
iuul Hlorm, In Mint, nitront. Hook fplt
'Hiifo from dhngiT. To scmlo tlm cliff
from bolow wnn ImpoKHibln, and to
I'onoli It from (ibovo ovon llu- ivinn
and womnn woro forced to nllim to tlio
vcintd inlrt bniyt liy Mm liiposflnnt work
of Min water, Iloforo hor don JIocl?
Bcnipod llm cliff and formed a torrnco,
wlmro tlio wind played with Um dust
of Mm sllox. In Mm don bolilnd Mm
torrnco tlm woman brought forth,! hor
.*.,. „,,''! '•*■< iV* !rVv:!f*:', i\\ ;\ <-y:,y (A
forn l"tiV-Mi nnd tlm flnnr-n of bonuls,
Him laid bim whon sho wont to -entnh
fitili and iuitlmr hIIox.
Sho loved the minll-filit lec-iuiso !t
warnmd tlio limp brown Jokh and tlm
hungry lips of hor pupjiotj and whon
of tbo star Bailed through tho sciid,
bIio liolcl Mm writhing body upward at
arms' loiiKth. IMiInd hor sloping brow
no thon«lit hnd formed, but from tho
doptlifl of hor mntornal soul vnpnm mip-
pllcaliond wavorod toward Mm splmro
tlmt wanned the wondrouo product of
lior. being,
Onr- ilny whon «lm return od from
Mm plain llm noiso of hor iltmcnt wnn
drownoil by tho whirr of win™.
From wiAur tlio ulifslf of tlm cliff
llm wind rimh-wl up to moot hor, and
an -slm loosed hor hold upon iho rood*
unit liroppttl to the tcrrnw an ti&nlo
Web--*; lUu cWlliI wo.ui-il u,,*.Knl vim
sky. She'saw the drops of blood on
the little breast, the hanging head,
the mouth open .in a voiceless cry.
Dumb, helpless, her rough mane
licking Jier shuddering flesh, she gazed at the slow swinging double curve
of the dark wings, until.even the black
speck vanished!       "
Passing the eyry where tho eaglets
waited, open-mouthed for their mother, a sunbeam on its way to warm
the nest fell on earth's marvel; the
first tear. ,
During four moons the woman remembered. At sight of the gulf that
had received the eagle, tho double
tufts of her red brows quivered. But
the flying gray on gray and the dark
lifts drowned her grief. She had forgotten; but hatred raged in her dark
soul, and when she found a bird's nest
she broke the eggs.
One evening in the autumn, when
they returned from the forest to descend to the terrace, they heard growls
and saw a bear clinging to the roots,
letting himself down. Hiding on the
brlnk-sof the, cliff they saw him drop,
enter the shallow den, nose the walls;
and, after repeating revolutions, He
down. So the man and the woman returned to the forest.
When the transpiercing cold drove
the beasts to cover, earth held for the
man and woman no lasting refuge.
Driven from 'hedge to hedge and from
tPee to tree they fled from the beasts.
Ready for attack, club in hand, the
man went first and, running to keep
pace, the woman followed bearing in
her skin sack- acorns, the drinking
horn, bits of silex and strips of meat.
Wearied by a long march they lay
down, and because it was full-day, the
time when the beasts were killing on
the plain, tliey slept. When the woman awoke the man was gone. She
was so habituated to his presence that
it frightened lier to be alone. She
dared not rise. The day wore on and
still sho lay there, watching the shadows.
Toward evening tbe man appeared
bearing a, burden; a dead doe. During his watch he had surprised a nursing mother, and felled her with his
It had been his wont to cut up game
where he killed it and to take away
nothing but choice morsels. That day
a strange thing had happened: he felt
a wish to show his skill to the woman.
He cast his victims on tbe ground
before her. Her legs trembled and her
hands beat the air. He seized her
shoulders, whirled her around- and,
with an exultant howl, pointed his
spread fingers. 0 .
The woman saw a little gray-brown
—a nursing, with light, fine hairs upon
its head, with mouth open, bleating for
its dead mother. It reached the doe
and fell between her outstretched feet.
With the little knobs of its infant
brow it knocked her throat, and, 'bending its knees, burrowed the still
The woman remembered. She saw
again her child in the grip of the
eagle; she saw a nest built in the sky,
and In it, lashed by, dark wings, the
crooning thing that had filled her
arms. Chaotic thought swirled In her
brain, The mother, gazing with glazing eyes on tho thing doomed to the
bludgeon or to the beast, cried to her
soul with all the voice of a common
■motherhood; and running to the thicket sho gathered leaves, covered tho
eyes of tlm dead, and laid fond hand
upon the i^awn.
Mah! Busy with meat the man saw
nothing, Tho woman was unconscious
of her act. Dut in that hour tho soul
gavo birth to Its first upward impulse.
Until lhat hour tho animal know nothing but its own necessities; in thnt
•hour nn Inflnltestlmnl point In an organic coll received its accolade, and a
creature evolvod from Mm dust of tho
ground established eternal correspondence botwoon prlof and pity,
Tim long whltio of a tlgor thrilled
Mm forest, Houh! Tho man sprang
for a troo, and, howling, the woman
followed him. .,.'
Safe from danger, boyond tho reach
of tlio beasts, sho put her fists to hor
oyos, nnd earth saw tho socond "tonr:
tho prophocy of tho soul,--Translated
by Helen Moyor for Curront' Opinion,
JoHOplniB Diinlfils, Soorotnry of Mm
Navy, Ih a clioap sort of patriot.
Mo kooh nbout. tho country, according to His own ndmlHHlon, and rooln off
a inomorlKod ,H|>oeeh boforo Y. M. C,
A.'h nbotit Mm poor old rod fliiR that
has otirvcd as nn omlilom of vovolt
'/UcnliiKt 'tyranny for thousands of
Thus It. camo nbout that, Danlols, In
doing bis phonographic Btuiit, lnndod
In Honttlo hint woelc, and; at a banquet
of locnl fnt plutes, Rounded bis fiirloim
Philippic! Mint all who bollovod In Mm
rod flag must go,
Tlm HnntOo Tlmns, n fairly good lm-
Itntion of Harrison Gr'ny Otis' Los An-
boIoh Tlmos* which hns boon In Mm
ilitiqlnriei nf ItmlMrir' rtHrmlffl upon Hn.
elnllHtH slnco May** 1, 1012, eagerly
Hoizwl upon Uaniols' speech to play it
up under 72-point headlines to Incite
.rioting, nnd wns BiwceBsful In (starting
n lot or sailors, led by n band of vicious civilians anrt'eneoimiKod In doing
4.1  l*
1st, I, W. W„ and Salvation Army
hondqiiartors, but, of course, kept
away Trom Uio Union Loaguo Club and
othor aristocratic JolntR patronized by
Aftor Biirvoylng thn dnmngo that
wan dono Socmlary T)jinlnl« omlttod n
whlno that ho had no Intention of mod-
dllnft In ini-ni nffnlrti, hilt wns mowlv
roponMug, pnrrot-HUe, n «pwsch that bo
lind mndo In othor plncon,
President Wilson had better call In
hi*, atupld* professional patriot. It
wouldn't hurt him to «lt down and do
a llttlo quiet trading beforo abootlng
off UU moullv at random.
If Daniels were not an ignorant man
he would know that the red flag Is not
a national flag, and never can be, and,
therefore, is ia no way a rival or competitor-of the Stars and Stripes, which
he disgraces with his sickening sycophancy. -.
The red flag is an international emblem of revolt against tyranny, and
was used -by the American Revolutionists at the beginning of their struggle
against kingcraft, and probably if Daniels had been' on earth at the time he
would have been as much of a Tory
as he is at present.
The red emblem was used in the
Roman revolts, in the French Revolution and other struggles that prepared
the way for the- liberty that we now
possess, and which" blatherskites of
the Daniels" stripe undertake to abuse
at every opportunity.
The red banner is not.owned by the
Socialists, I. W. W., anarchists, or any
other element in society. It belongs to
the people of the entire world who
stand for democracy and liberty as distinguished from plutocracy and slav-
ery.-*-ClevelaTid Citizen.
Do not Resort to
Strikes or Lockouts
International Iron Molders and the
Manufacturers' Defence Association Have for Years Past Adjusted
Their Differences Through Joint
Conferences and Agreementts.
It may be news to many Banner
readers to learn that the Iron Molders' International Union of North America and the Stove Manufacturers'
Defence Association have for a number of years past settled all matters
pertaining to the trade by representatives of the two bodies meeting in
annual conference to consider the
state of trade, hours of labor,' rate of
wages, general working conditions,
and all questions that may be of general1 interest.
'" After a full arid'untrammeled discussion has taken place, sometimes lasting several days, an understanding is
arrived at that is binding for the following year upon both the manufacturers and the unions. By this method
the stove plate molders in the United
Slates who work in foundries controlled by members of the association hard
ly know what a. strike".or lockout
means.. Some 20,000 -members of .the
I. M. TJ. are affected by these agreements working in shops that control
95 per cent, of the output of stoves
and furnaces. The Canadian Founders
who have had so many disastrous
strikes and lockouts on their hands
during the past .half dozen years ,in
their futile efforts to destroy the union, might well consider if it is not, a
more desirable and profitable policy to
emulate the example of the Stove
Manufacturers' Defence Association
across the, border, who have found
that it is better to confer with than
antagonize their employees. iWhen
level-headed manufacturers and representatives of the union-are willing to
meet together and discuss these matters of mutual interest to the trade,
they will find it easier tb work together in harmony than for either side resorting to big club methods. As John
Mitchell once aptly said, "When you
get the employer and the employee
to agree to put their feet under the
same table and talk business in a
straightforward manner, there is
mighty little, fear of a lockout or a
strike.—Industrial Banner.
VICTORIA, B. C, July 27.—The report of the provincial department of
mines for the year ending December
31, 1912, shows that the mineral production of the province for last year
far surpassed that of all previous
years,' having reached the great sum
of $32,444,000 in value, an increase of
nearly $9,000,000 over the preceding
year and more than $6,000,000 over
1910, which had previously been the
banner year.
Details for the past three years are:
Placer gold, 1910, $540,000; 19y, $426,-
000; 1912, $555,500. The placer gold is
produced almost exclusively "in Atlin
and Cariboo, the former having yielded $290,000 and the latter $238,000 last
Lode gold, 1910, $5,533,380; 1911,
$4,725,513; 1912, $5,322,422. .Of the
product of 1912 Rossland is credited
with $2,729,949, the Boundary with
$2,167,229 and Nelson with $361,994.
About 75 per bent,of this gold is obtained from the 'smelting and copper
ores; of the remainder $775,000 was
produced by the Nickle Plate mine at
Hedley from free -milling quartz,
which yielded on an average about $11
per ton.
The Power of
_(By_Agnes,H.,Downing) _
The other day I read one of Gordon
Nye's wonderful editorials. It was
one of unusual force and directness.
It was strong even among his many
powerful writings. Tlio first line read,
"They are digging graves in Wau-
kegan." Then he told how the bodies
of men (who were killed In an explosion of the Standard Oil Company's
starch plant at Waukegan were being
laid away, and how Prof. Charles E,
Monroe of the United States Bureau
of mines had shown that such explosions could easily be averted by a
slight expense to the company. In
othor words, tho men were put to
cloath to save money; put to death
that moro profits might bo made. It
was murder.
About the' same number of mon
wero killed at Waukegan as lost thoir
lives in tho Times explosion. And
yot, as Gordon Nye so finely .pointed
out, tho government does not capture,
try and Imprison the mon who caused
this explosion. Thoro may bo somo
sort of a whitewashing Investigation,
but tli-ero may bo no resort to tho law
which presicrlbos a ponnlty for criminal nogllgonco, nnd-a penalty for needlessly exposing human Hfo. But the
"sacrodnoss of human Hfo" Is not con-
sidorod wlion donths mean moro profit, And tho preventable accidents
will go on; for "thoy occurovory wook
As I road Mils I 'thought, what Is
woman's responsibility In tho mnttor?
13vory mangled man burlod ln Wan-
lcogau Is somti mother's son. Thoy nro
the children, of our mothers. If noth.
Ing bo dono to chock grood, a fow
>'<..iirB,wlll see Mm laughing boys Mint
piny1 at our hoarthstonos today, Mm
next vk'tlms, Wo nro! thoir prot-^t-
ors. Now wo guard Umm from lio.at
nnd cold, from hurt or harm ln whatever form It mny como to thoir young
lives. With how much moro aonl
Hhould wo shlolil Mmm from tho gnat,
or danger!
Hut womon nro soattoi'od, Hoparntml,
oneli In hor llttlo homo, Thoy lack
unity of thought; mnny nro blind ovon
to Mm' divngorn, others nro hopolomt to
Mm remedy, It Is Mm groat Stnntlnrd
Oil, Mm giant, utool trust, It Is flrooil,
world.wldo and finely organized, that
l» devouring tho children, In tho
prosqneo of Hueh  foos Mm mothers
the winds. -
Hopeless, I went out for an hour's
work in my little chicken yard. A
small gray hen clucked happily with
her brood. Presently a large mastiff
crossed the yard and as the other
hens took flight, the little mother hen
with bristling feathers and fiery force
rushed on the dog that might have devoured her in a moment. But with
what weapons she had she fought—
she pecked at him, she flapped at him,
with an energy that was out of all proportion to her size, and even to her
normal strength, she put the dog to
flight, Her mother instinct, and her
mother zeal for tho protection of hor
babies, won the day. She and hor fellow fowls wero left in undisputed possession of the ground where they got
their living.
So I know thnt tho mothers of tlio
working-class can win. Tho great
trust ls no moro formidable to thoir
strength thnn is tho mastiff to the
llttlo mothor hon. What tho chlckon
mother cnn and does do for her young
tho human mothor can do for hor children, Tho working class cnn summon
all its mothors as tho llttlo hon summoned nil hor strength. Tho ballot Is
already won In many States; It can
bo won In others, And where It Is
won, nnd wlilla It Ih In tho winning,
women cnn work with mon to drive
tlm trust from Mm sourcos of life and
lonve tho workors In undisputed control, Thon no man will bo klllod Just
to snvo a fow dollars,
Tho hard conditions of Hfo, for mnn
ns well ns -for Mm lower animals, developed and' utilized this trait in tho
mothors, Thin is what makes tho
motlmrs, wlmllmr it ho mothor Hon,
tlgor or monkey, tho terror of tlio
Tho working class In Its conflict
with onpltnllnm lmods nnd must utilize Mils splendid force.
•This spirit, of, mother'energy'aiid
mother anciiflco hns novor yot boon
brought Into play in Rolvlng Mm larg-
or.problems*of Hfo, This law of pro-
tooting motherhood nppllos to tlm human mothor as Woll nn to Um motlmrs
of Mm forest, Mm nlr and tho'Jungle.
Wlmn It Ih froo tnnct, wlmn It uinllzos
Itself, not nlone ovory Hfo, but every
brolion Bpllit, every hour of lifo, ovory
bunion'Joy will bo chorlshod, Then,
Indeed, will humnn life bo sacred.—
Thn Cltlmi.
•Silver: 1910, $1,245,380; \1911, ?95S,-
293; 1912, $1,810,045.' Most of this
silver is produced from the lead bearing ores, the Slocan district having
produced 61 per cent and the;'Fort
Steele mining division 12 per cent of
the yield of 1912', the remainder, being
the siiver-lead lead mines of Nel3on
and Lardeau mining division and from
the copper ores of Rossland, Boundary
and coast districts.
Lead: 1910, $1,245,016; 1911, $1,069,-
521; 1912, $1,805,657. Fort Steele led
off in 1912 in the production of this
metal with" 37,75,' Ainsworth" with.
10.83 percent, the-remainder being
famished by other localities, including
Nelson and Lardeau mining divisions
and the newmines being opened up in
the north.
Copper: 1910, 04,871,512; 1911, $4,-
571,644; 1912, $8,405,627. The value cf
copper is- got at by taking the aver-
ago price lor the year. iT-he Boundary
district produced 64.70 per cent of the
yield of 1912, tho Coast and Oassiar
district 30.16 and Rossland 5.03 per
Zinc: 1910, $192,473; 1911, $129,092;
1912, $316,139.  The mineralogist says:
"The various processes "designed to
separate the valuls of lead-zinc ores
of the Slocan which have Tvithin the
past\ few years been •■ experimented
with have not as yet reached a stage
of commercial application." ,.
Coal: 1910, $9,800,161; 1911, $7,675,-
717; 1912, $9,200,814. Tiie tonnage of
marketable coal mined in 1912 was
2,628,804 tons, in addition to which
396,905 tons were made into coke
yielding 264,333 tons valued at $1,585,-
998. This''brings*the total value of
the output of the collieries of the province for the year $10,786,812. The
output of coal by districts in 1912 was
as follows: Vancouver Island*.. 1,558,-
240 tons; Nicola and Princeton 206,257'
tons, East Kootenay 1,261,212.
When natural,gas is used as a fuel
under a'steam-'boiler from 40 to 60
cubic feer per horsepower hour will be
required; the skme power can be developed -by the consumption of from 9
to 15 cubic feet In a gas engine, so.
that the use of gas' under steam (boilers at power plants ls not to be encouraged in the interest of economy.
John A. McDonald
i Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 '   BLAIRMORE Box 22
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE -- Alberta
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your Kousb from cellar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phone or
Wire.     All.   orders - given   prompt - attention,
If you are satisfied tell others.   If not satisfied tell .us
Phntu enpyrlsht, mi, by ffrtroM A. Toyfor.
$1.00 in Cash for Six
To every Child (boy or girl) who
secures us Six paid-up Subscribers
during: the month of August we will
pay the sum of $1 .OO
This competition closes on Sept.
1st, and all subscriptions should be
in by that date.
To Die first ohild lo Numl in fi pniil-up Htilisurip-
tions wo will KiippleiiK'iit Uio <li>ll;ir bill with
A Handsome Nickel Watch
Wo M'nnt "tito "(vvown-nn" tn pliVy:-fxiiv", ntiA if   '
1lioy lumt bntt-in io holp Uio' yminpntova. ■
Now, (?ot a lniHtlo on ami round up subscribed
—wo want 'cm all,
SSrilu \i*.> j>iiiiiiity urni utmir.rm iiii jfuuv rum-
niunicatioiiR to
"The Editor"
i1 i
District Ledger
You can iret aa many Subscrlbors as you
■ "« '"Wi"**""■■ill-win  m m ■^■.ihHii.i—m-iib.iiw—tmm.t.^ ■■■i.iii.iiinn.a— .*—m^—m^■MwMW*M«M*iMtt.l,-*»   i    in i»iii*»|
Hko and earn all tho Dollar Bills you can THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C. AUGUST 2, 1913
Fernie-Forl Steele:
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
One of the
B e s t
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every,
'THOS. DUNCAN .Passburg
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all lands of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
P. Carosslla
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Cigar Store
Dry Coods.'Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Billiard and
Pool Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Maukay fiSE
List of Locals District 18
2D   Banklioad	
Jteaver C'roek	
For ottr Foreign Brothers
Privatna lastnina ljudskih potrebi-
Cm sloni ze od pamtlveka na tatvinl.
Vzdrzevanje be privatne lastnine aii,
kakor po domaCe, pravlmov Ameriki:
business, sloni tudi ze od nekdajna
korupciji. Kjer je zasebni business,
tarn so inlrige in korupcija; in'Cim
ve5ji jo business, tern ve5ja je korupcija. Moderni business je kapitalizem.
Brez korupcije, intrig in slepar-
stva kapitalizem ne more eksistirati
niti en dan.
Mulhall in njegova razkritja so ziva
ilustracija tega, kar smo gorl pove-
dali: National association of Manufacturers je organizacija amerlskih
lcapit£\iistov. Steje okrog 4000 clanov,
kl posedujejo skupaj nad deset miliard
dolarjer kapltala ln imajo vposlenih
okrog pet millonov delavccv. Repre-
zentirajo torej <brez malega ves amer-
fSkl kapltal, ves veliki business. Kakor
refieno, kapitalizem no more obstati
brez korupcije. To resnico poznamo
socialisti 2e od nekdaj, drugi. jo pa
spoznavajo Sele sedaj, ko je Mulhall
izpustil maCko iz fcaklja.
JIulhall je bil svojaCasno pevec na
koru katollSKe cerkve sv. Patrlcka v
Clevelandu, 0. Toda navelifial se je
kmalu peti "slavo bozjo" in sel je pet
pesem korupcije veliUlm kapitalistom.
Sam pove, da je bll glavni 'operator'
in vodja vseli "lobbistov" v Washington.
Ker je . zakonodajstvo v ustavnl
dr2avi odlo5ujo*2 faktor v gospodars-
kem 2ivlju,so skrbeli kapitalistl, da
imajo nadzorstvo nad zakonodajarai.
To je ie stara stvar. In da kapitalistl
kupujejo zakonodajalce, ni tudi ni-5
novega. Afera o chikaskem Lorimerju
se ni- pozabljena.
All Mulhall nl kujioval v imenu kap-
Italistov samo zakonodajalcev,,temve6
je po lastni Izpovedbi kupoval voditel-
je delavskih -ualj. Podkupil je Voitelje
strajkoo in odkupil gtrajk; podkupil
je "prijatelje" delavstva, da so lovill
delavske glasove pri volitvah za kan-
didate, ki'so potem zvesto stluzili kapitalistom v kongresu. To bi bilo skoro
neverjetno,—ce—6e ne bi poznali star-
okopitne taktike ameriSkih unlj, oziro-
ma unljskih oCakov a la Gompers.
Uradna nevtralnost Anierioan Federation of Labor glede politike daje kap-
italisti&nim agentom garancijo za
mastno korupcijo In- motto Gompersa
in njegovih trabantov. "Nagradltl prijatelje in kaznovatl nasprotniko ipn
volitvah)" pa omogocava kapltallstom,
izvollti z delavskimi glasovi svoje zak-
onodajne hlapce.
Tako se vr§l Igra.—Dokler bo vecina
organiziranega delavstva hodl)a""po
krivih potih za Gonipersoin, Mltchfiiom
etc., tako do'lgo bodo kapitalistl izkoi-
ISCali delavce gospodarsko in polillC-
no. "Kadar se pa delavci zavedo svoje
samostojnosti in stopljo pod okrllje
lastne politiCne stranke—socialisticne
stranke, tedaj bodo pa drugi Sasi. V
socialistiCnl stranki je za kapitalistiC-
ne vohume pescena Sahara. In kadar
bo vecina sociallstov v kongresu, tedaj
bodo Mulhalli nepotrebni        /
Rounding the Horn
(El Tuerto in Coast Seamen's
Paddy West, the '"Shanghai Brown"
of Liverpool, and purveyor in general
of pierhead-jumpers and made-while-
you-wait sailors, was settling up with
an outward-bounder. On such occasions Paddy always appeared at his
best, which is not paying him an
extravagant compliment, considering
what his worst was like.
"Lemme see," he said, moistening
the'pencil with his tongue, and puckering his brow in the manner of one
tackling some, abtruse problem, "yez
have been tin days'in the house—nine,
yez say? Me bye, the first an' the
lasht -days, bein' odd days, always
count for two, which makes it tin.
Now thin, that's 30 bob. Tin shillin's
for the runner an' tin for cashin' the
note makes two pun tin. Tin shillin's
yez .have had, an' tin ye'll nivver git
foive makes up the total av the note,
three pun fifteen. Sign yer name
"Olskins yez want. Shure, an' Ol
'av been shpakln' to the mate, an' he
tells me he nivver puts two good min
in the same watch. Now, the only
good man in that ship, besoides yes-
self, is Tlm Callahan, an' Tim's got a
foine suit av oilskins, so yez can
double up with him.
"Sayboots? Phwy, as soon as yez
gits south av the Oisle av Wight
yez'll shtrolke the Thrades, an' all
yez'll want is a pair av carpet shippers, an' tho captain tells me he car-'
lies thlm in the shlop chest at 18
pence a pair, with a box av paper
collars thrown In' for good measure
"A belt yez want? Hell to yer
sowl, phwat looks nater 'roun' a
sailormnn's waist than a clane ropo-
yarn? Oh yls, shure, Ol'll tuck a
bottle Insolde avyor donkey's .breakfast—an' it won't bo oowld tay, nay-
thor, lolke some av thlm slnd thoir
min off to say with.
"Hnlf a crown, Is It Faith, nn' Oi
admolro yor nerve, seem' that OI do
bo afther looBln' money on yez.   Tlul
" The north shaft of the Home-Riverside Coal Mining Company,-near Leavenworth, the first mine to be sunk in
Kansas, is to be abandoned, according
to an' order made by Judge J. H. Wen-
dorff,*who granted an application of
the receivers for an order closing the
mine. The shaft will be dismantled
and the machinery taken to other
shafts of the company.
The shaff was sunk more than fifty
years ago -by the Leavenworth Coal
Mining Company. Recently a fire in
the, mule shed made it impossible, to
work the seam because of danger to
the miners. The mine was sunk on
■ the military reservation at tho north
edge of the city, and the workings extend for miles' under the reservation,
the Missouri river and the city. The
shaft is 750 feet deep. Other coal
coal seams were found under the original one, but never were worked.
man,down.„ Here's a bob for yez.
Arrah, g'wan now with yez; an' be
back sober an' fit to turn to whin the
ship laves on high water.   Nixt!"
"Nixt!" was a "rank," a made-
while-you-wait marinero, as could be
plainly seen from the cut of Jiis jib
and the lack-rake of his der'.iy.
"Raniks" were Paddy's specialty, tiie
best grist that came to his mill. No
troublesome formality of settling up
with them. Just get their advance
notes and hustle them off with a dog's
wool and oakum outfit, a bottle of
rum, and the respects of the house.
And so Paddy mere said to this one,
looking him' over, critically:
"Yez are all right., me la-ad, but yez
nade a bit av experience. Come along
with me."
Paddy led the."ranik' out into the
backyard. At tha rear of the yard,
suspended to an overhanging scant-
"There, mB" bowld sailorman," he
said, looking hard at the "ranik," and
pointing to the horn, "walk aroun'
that' horn three toimes an' niver
wance look behin' yez."
The "ranik" looked mystified, but
as Paddy's face was as straight as a
as a Presbyterian elder's at a funeral,
he concluded that the thing was probably a necessary preparation for a
seafaring life. Slowly ho started circumnavigating the horn, Paddy showering him with a handful of water
from a nearby bucket every time his
back showed.
"Wan, two, threo," counted Paddy,
as the "ralnk" negotiated the laps.
"That'll do, me bye."
"Now thin," he continued, placing
his forefinger against tho side of his
nose in an Impressive manner, and
eyeing tho "ranllc" sternly, "If" tho
skipper should ask yoz what experience yez havo had yoz can tell him
that yoz havo been threo tolmos 'roun'
the Horn—-an' be Jnsus yoz won't be
afther tollln' him no Hob, naythor." '
Tho, dinner gong opportunely
brought tho soance to an end hero,
for, be ho "ranik" or sailor, green or
Momhers of the United Mine Workers of America have been making a
canvass of tho business men in Ma-
hanoy City, says tho Dally Record, to
ascertain who are friendly and who
aro unfriendly toward their cause. The
names of thoso who express sympathy
with union labor are placed on a large
card. These cards are hung in the
offices of the district officials and
about the mines. It- is calculated that
"union labor" will see the point and
extend their trade to the business men
whose names appear on the cards. For
this the business men are requested
to pay 50 or GO cents per week, or
more, according to the size of the .-.d-
vertlsement on the card. ,
It is said that every town In the anthracite region is to'be similarly c n-
vassed.—Coal & Coke Operator.
Note.—When the workers attempt
to use their power it's "coercion";
when the trusts pull anything like this
off it's "combination"; when the government attempt it by means, of tariff
they call it "reciprocity"! ■ What's in
a name?—Ed.
Prisons are Described
as Schools of Grime
British Medical Association Discusses
the Moral Effect of a Term
in Jail
I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A,' Garlow
Bald at 2(1 llestoied at 30.     Still have it at 55
Young Man, Young: Woman, Which do you prefer.
A MCE FULL HEALTHY head of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from Irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and Irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES OX THU SCAM* or an Itchy Irritation ls positive proof your hair
and scalp ls jn a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the follow InffParastlclal Diseases of , the Caplliary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, orExcema)
and certain to result ln absolute baldness unless cured before tho srerm
has the Capillary Glands destroyed, lialdness and the loss of hair is absolutely   unnecessary   and   very  un becoming.
ALL DISKASES OF T11I3 HAIH fade away lllte dew under my scientific
treatment, nnd I posltlely have the only system of treatment so far
known to sclenco that Is positively and permanently curing diseases
ot the hair and promoting new growth. The hair can bo fully restored
to its natural thickness and vitality on all heads tliat still show fine hair
or fuzz to prove tho roots are not dead.
I HAVE A VEIIPKCT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city jictfplo
who cannot como to mo for personal treatment (WRITE TO-DAY) for
question blank nnd full particulars. Unclose stamp and mention this
paper. My prloes and terms aro reasonable. My cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A, Garlow
77ie  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
Paddy Wost nlvvor ylt turned a good | seasoned, "a man must eat."
Labor the Life
of the Race
seo. and P. O. ADDRRE89
P. WhARttav, Rnnlthnnrt, AUn
Wm, D*vU, Beaver Ore-elc, via PliKftw,' Altn,,
Jaraos Burke, Uox 8«, Bellevuo Alta.
Blalrmoro...,,,..,,,, w. L, Evans, Blnirmoro, Alia.
Burmis....,.,,,.,,.,, T. Q. Harries, -Pasaburg, Alta.
J, Mltcholl, Carbondolo, Coleman, Altiu
£337 Carbondaty
1387 Canmoro  N. D, Thmchuk, Canmore. Alta.
££■>& Coitsiuati ,. W. Qraliflni, Colomnn, Alta.
2877 Corbin,,.....,.,,.,... J, Jones. Corlln, B. C.
1120 Chinook Minos.,,.... W. R. Hush«0, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt,
2178 Diamond City..,,.... J, % Thornfclll, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
2314 Fornlo,,,.,,,..,....., TUos, Uphill,Fornio.B, C.
1203 Frank....,,.. ..Evan Morgan, Frank, Alta,
2407 Ifosmor...........,;. W. BaWcratoftc, Ho»m«r, B. C,
1058 Hlllcrost , Jas, Gordon, irillcrost, Altn.
574 T/nHibrfdfffl  h,  Mooro, I"3l Sixth Avenuo, N, Letlibrldeo.
1189 LchbrJdge Colllcrlca.. Frank Barringhnm, Coalhurst, Alta.
2820 Maplo Leaf........... 1*. O. Harries, Fa**burg, Alt*.
2334 Michel  M. Btirrell, Mlchol, B. C.
U Monarch Mino Vim. Hynd, Eicon P, O., Tabor, Alta.
2352 Passburg T. O. Harriot Passtourg, Alta.
2R8D noyal View  O10. Jo Jan; Royal CclUutluu, LclUbtlilge, Alta
103 Tabor.,. A Patterson. Tatar, Alte
Tho emancipation of labor Is ohboii-
tlal to Uio Crcctlom of humanity.   Tlio
atruKfilo for frcodom Is tho history of
the rnco; the fruit of tho Btriigftlo,
the development of mnn,   The civilization   ot   Kgypt,.  Porsla,   Babylon,
Qroopo, ABsyHa and othor nnolont nations, and tho royal rolihorn and pVlv.
Illgoil pnrasltoB that rulod over thorn,
had thoir dny nnd jmsuod away with
tho wrotohod  slaves who built tho
pyramids   and   obelisks   along   tho
tracks of tho early conturloB of tho
race.  Tlio feudal nntlonH of medieval
Huropo, whoso lords and nobles In-
horltod nil tho vicious nnd hoartlosB
characteristics of the -, ancient rullnBJ
class, oBpoclally thoir parasitic des.
dnln and 'brutal contompt for their
outraged ulnves, havo followed ln the
wake of their predecessors, nnd nothing remains but the momory of their
bloody reign—the, midnight horror of
history.   The worklnpr elnss nnvho
robbed, trampled on, crushed, broken,
nnhvtMil, imytiiomii, »iiot lull ol jug.
god wounds, "poor dumb mouths" to
bear witness to tho crimes It hn* suf-
ferod, hut Its mnjostlc march continues towards tho sunrise,  Tho master
nnd slnvo   thn inrii find 'nn'rt of t.,v»
ages, aro gone, and the capitalists and
wngeworkora of our day must soon follow thorn,  iris tho historic mission
of labor to froo tho human raco.  To
froo Itself Is to froo mankind.  Labor
Is life,  aocloty would perish without
tho working class,   Tho ■dogroo of In-
bor'a servitude la tho degree ot society's trlhulatlon, defeat nnd sbnmo.
Thero cnn be no morals In any society
based upon the oxploltatlon and con-
wquent misery of the elm whoso labor supports that society.  Thoro can
be no freedom while workers nro ln
feu™.  Wage fwltude Is fatal oven
to the trim freedom of It* mnnt. favored capitalistic Ixsneflclarlt)*.  Thoy
may b« aurfelted -with gold and pow-
or, but thoy aro not free. Thoy cannot Kuvar tho tios that bind them to
thoir Blnvcn nnd sour nlono Into tlio
realms of freedom, It Is ■■ written In
tho moral low with "Iron pen In iho
load nnd rock forever" that whoso-
ovor enslaves his follow-mun forges
LONDON, July 30—A remarkable
-discussion on the treatment of criminals took place yesterday at bhe eji-
k,nual meeting of tlie medical association at Brighton.
Rev. B. Simpson, chaplain inspector of prisons, said he had been both
amazed—and—amused~at~articl'es of"
sloppy sentlmentalism, which he read,
setting forth that imprisonment does
not act as a detriment to crime. He
maintained that the attitude of 'many
who are sent to jail is "once bitten
twice sliy.'
Captain St. John, honorary secretary of the penal reform league, believes all the harm done to society
by the burglars and all the thieves Is
a mere bagatolle compared with tthe
harm done by tho law courts of England.
"Everybody knows," he declarod,
"that the law courts are making
criminals day by day, so we have to
protect ourselves, not only from
criminals but from the peoplo who
deal with criminals."
Prof. Benj. Moore, of Liverpool,
said that crime Is a good thing because It enables us to understand social problems.
"Perfect laws would show that wo
wore no longer progressive," he, fluid,
"old crimes are disappearing and
now crimes aro arising, and I trust
now crimes will always arise,"
Dr. Passmore, of tho Croydon Lunatic Asylum, urged tlmt whon a man
first commits a crlmo somebody
should bo appolntod to see whether
ho Is insane or criminal nnd ho should
bo treated accordingly.
A Lady's Craving
Miss Allen, ot tho Womon's Soclnl
nnd Political Union, then gnvo hor
oxporlonco of a porlod of Imprisonment, ns a suffrngotto,   Sho snid;
"I havo nsked suffrngcttos In jail
what Is tho ono thing lhey most
craved whilo In prison, Their roply
was 'Coffeu, vinegar or alcohol.1 Ah
for myself during tho threo wool's I
spent In ITolIowny Jnll, I used to He
nwnko botwoon three nnd six In the
morning and say to mysolf tlmt I
would llko groon chartreuse, although
I had novor tnken any In my Hfo'boforo, but."whon T enmo outT refrained
Bap Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
' see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and g-et Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found just as we represented. Thero
Is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. ■ When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip ln a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those, who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't en- '
counter if they bought their lumber
here, ■   -
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
. Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23. „
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR /.,. Proprietor
fetters for himself,    Whon  lnhor Is
emancipated,.humanity will draw Its | from doing so bocauso I was nfrnld.
first full nnd'vltnllzInK 'breath of froo-
dorn. Wo are now In tho transition
period 'botwoon Indlvldunllaninnd collectivism; botwoon brutality and brotherhood, Wealth will luifornlli so
onslly obtained honestly that thoro
will bo no Incentive to steal: and so
abundantly that poverty will disappear i and Ignorance, dlsonso and
crlmo will follow In tliolr ordor. Profits and wages produco pnlacos for
pnrnsltes and worhhoiiBos for workers. An awnkonlnK" proletariat ls
pulsing with solidarity and turning Its
oyos towards tho sunrlso, Scarred and
KMtvuxl <w U« rr\v.;V. v,,;.l l.«iut«tij
fnnturos, and grim Its diMnrmlnntlon.
but no just man on earth ■nood fear It.
It has suffered a million crimes, but
Is animated by no spirit of rovoiigo.
Its mission of emancipation Is darkened by no shndow of contemplated In-
A";- ys !..Jw.v.U<.ic It. li* *ittit\)U*8ii;A ton.
omy. It conquers that enemy btot to
froo that enemy; and a victorious pro-
lotarlat will celebrate tho poaco of
tho world.—Eutjorio Debs,
A pint of gasoline loft In nn oix»n
1).-islu In a nwm nt n, normal or ,v.-«.%
ago tomporaturo will evaporate In 24
liniirx. The p,n*in]inr* v.iftnr in Jioav'ci'
thnn tho air and Immediately sinks to
Iho floor.'and unless It ls disturbed hy
active air curwit will remain In tho
room for in»ny hours. One pint of
gasoline will mnko 2fi0 cubic feet of
explosive mixture. Without becoming
too..scientific !t. may be e*,Ud iW vbw
Kasollno vapor Is 7 times more powerful than gunpowder.™-Ona 1'owor.
"Thero Is not oiioukIi sun-slilno nnd
frosh nlr In prison nnd Ita absence'
undoubtedly causes*a weakening of
thn will,"
Dr. Ulshop, Imrrlstor, said: "flrlmn
Is necessary, It cannot ho avoided.
What wo hnvo lo do Is riot to eradicate It, but limit those oxcosbob. Tho
administration of criminal laws dons
not need to bo exclusive to crlrnli.nl
lawyers unions they aro ojcpnrta In
political economy nnd jisyobolnpy,"
Universities of Crime
The most Interesting speaker at tho
mooting was Prlncn-KronotVln.-'tho
Russian iiRltntor, who, slnco his ok-
ijuim itMiit ilM furtrua** ot rit. I'otor
and 81, Paul, has spent most of his
time In 'England. The Prlnre Is 71
years old and hns recently recovered
from a severe Illness,   tie wns Intro-
tllirnrt  tft  'M"   'Utrttonrtrv  v  "'"<   ttt.l   J.. It
bird," who had spent two years In
ltusslnri Jails, and a further period In
French prisons, The Prince told thn
meeting that imprisonment Is no detriment to crime where hours of
brond nnd wntor nnd n plank bod
might be a d-"frlm.«>rit fo pr-nple nr*
customed to Rood food, ho said, but
It. Is not a detriment to thone v/hn
sleep under brldpes or by the nhnres
of. tlio Thames. Prisons nre the un!-
vn'rsltloa of crime and*we snuai do
something to chnnRO our system."
THE      H| f|   gHR»1864
eI» Canada
Notico Is hcroby glvon thnt n Dividend at tho rate of Seven per cent.
(7 ) por ■annum .upon tho paid-up Capital Stock of tliis Bank has boon
declared for tlio three months ondlng tho 31st May, 1013, nnd tlio
snmo will bo payablo at its ltoad Offlco nnd Branches on nnd aftor
Monday, Juno 2nd, 1913, Tho Transfer Books will bo cloRod from tlio
17th to the 3ist May, 1913, both .days IncluBlvo.
; ■■■ ■■■ ':v>'-'-' '-''   ■■•' *        .'■•',■','., t,
Tho Annual Mooting ot tho Shareholders of tho Homo Bank of Canada
will bo hold at tho llond Office,.8 King St., Wost, Toronto, ou Tuesday,
tho 21th day of Juno, 1013, nt 12  o'clock noon,
By Ordor of tins Board,
Toronto, April 1 Otli, 1913. Oonornl Mnnngor,
It Is tlio Intention nt tho nbovoMeetltiK to submit for tho consideration and approval of tho BharolioldorH n By-l.nw to authorial tho Incroasa
of tho Capital Stock of tho Bnnk to $8,000,000. ri
PERNTR        ••■■•        •• » B.C.
SM/ofih Cure
fWL1! 8T0'° coughs, cunts C0108,
HUM THC THROfcr U'.IU I ma*.. U CUi.lt
■ I    THE       ■% 0k*    rT^1854
J2 s So iii IH ill
Home BanH an ada
An account lhal Is optneJ In lh* Rim* of two or mm* Hiwm U l»f mnl a
"Join! Account." Any (if the pttliet, to *u«H m* tuxount h*«* lh» pftvikff *.(
*llhJr*«ilii» iir 4»p<i»itln(r mon*y „v»r tlifif own tmrntt, anil!«««»««>f tht*denth
ot witr (4 the lW'"'» th* amount on di-(w»!t mty ha **ith4t»*n hy ihr
aurrlfor, or lufvlvor*. without ttif frtrmnlity .ir pr<v.i»i of !*■», »y.
Si •RANCMtO  IN    I Unvll  I \J    QC»ra«lM»»»»*ia
J. T. MACDONALD, Manager
Ladies9 Wear
Two Dollars to Two Fifty Utility Dresses.
Weed End Special  $1.50.each
"Utility or house Dresses, made in the latest
styles and cuts of Ohambray, Gingham and Percale.   There are all colors and sizes in the lot and
all fast colors.
Week End Special  $1.50
A German dyed fine combed yarn, black hose,
in all sizes, made with spliced heels and toes and
seamless feet. They are full fashioned and fast
colors.   AYcek End Special 2 prs. for 35c
Week End Special, each  25c
Ladies' ribbed and porous knit, lace trimmed
Summer Gauze Vests, without sleeves, an exceptional vest at the price, each •:  25c
All the celebrated makes are represented in
tliis lot; D. &" A., Nemo, W. 13. Nuform and P. C.,
are very prominent in the lot, mostly all sizes.
Worth from $1.50 to $3.50 per pair.   Week End
Special, per pair  $1.00
Fringed Linen Table Cloths with fast color,
red border, in 8-4 size.   Special each  $1.00
Mercerized Damask Hemmed Table Cloths in
64 size, in exceptionally neat patterns.    Special
each   $1.25
Fine Imported Dress Ginghams in this season's
best patterns aud colors. Our entire stock of the
better grades all go at tke clearance price of 2
yards for   25c
PER YARD 15c ,
All the better qualities of Muslins, Batistes
and Demities in stripes and checks and fancy patterns. The choicest Summer Dress material shown
this season.   Week End Speeia'l, per yard ..,.. 15c
Every week brings a page of economy news
from Trites-Wood's Department Store. This week
excels all others in money saving opportunities. All
Summer lines of merchandise will be sacrificed to
make room for new Fall, goods.
Our Grocery
Men's Hats
August will be hot! Straw Hats will be sold
Saturday for 50c. These are not common straw,
but our regular stock of men's sailors in fine split
straw, fibre and imitation Panama; also linen hats.
Worth $1.25, $2.00 and $2.50 each, on sale Saturday at   50c
If you want one of these come early before
they are all .picked up.
A special line of Men's Suits to clear Saturday. These are blue serge and black serge Suits
in.single breasted sack (3 button model). , Values
up to $25.00.   To clear ."...  $16.50
Men's Felt Hats in best English makes, colors
grey, fawn, greens and blacks, all sizes. Regular
$2.25, $2.50 and $3.00 values, on sale Saturday only
at  $1,50
Sde our, big window display of the greatest
clothing values ever- offered, also" new blocks in
Stetson hats.
All our Men's Fine Lisle Half Hose in black
and colors. Regular 35c and 40c per pair, on sale
Saturday only  25c pair
Fine imported tweed and worsted Suits, all
sizes, made on regular 3 button model, fit and wear
guaranteed, only 50 suits in this lot, good value
at $20.00.   Special Saturday  J....... $15.00
" Here is a snap. A special line of blue serge
and worsted Suits, made on regular 3 button model, good buying at $18.00. These will be sold Saturday only at ' $12.50
Mrs. Stewart's Liquid Blue, 2 for '.. 25c
Molasses Snap Biscuits, 2 lb. for >t. 25c
Shredded Wheat Biscuits   10c v
Bulk Cocoanut, per lb. ..'.  25o
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, per lb.  35c
Ruby Chocolates, 1 lb. box  40c
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs. .... 85c
Blue Ribbon Coffee, 1 lb. tin  40o
Eggs, 3 doz ' 1.00
Kelowna Peaches, 2 lb. tin, 3 for  50c
Greengage Plums, 2 lb. tin, 3 for  35c
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz. pkg., 7 for  50c
Sultana Raisins, 12 oz. pkg., 2 for  15c
Shorts, 100 lb. sack 1.25
Canada First Pure Fruit Jam, 5 lb. tins  75c
Crosse & Blackwell's Jam, 7 lb tins 1.25
Jelly Powder, 4 for  , 25c-
Lemonade Powder, 2 tins  25c
Armour's Shield Ham, per lb  26c
Amour's Banquet Bacon, per lb  26c
Heinz's Sour Mixed, Pickles, 12 oz 25c
Heinz's Chow Chow   25c
Heinz's Sweet ..  '.  30c
Heinz's Gerkins .' '. 30c
Simcoe. Baked 13eans, family size, 2 for ...... 25c
Sherriff's Grape Juice, qts  40c
Siam Rice, 4 lbs. ...':  25c
Toilet Soaps, per box   25c
Carbolic Toilet Soap, 6 bars '  25c
Nugget Tar Toilet Soap, G bars '.. 25c
Pan Yan Sauce,' per bottle .'..-.  20c
Heinz Tomato Soup, 2 for ;  25c
Pride of Canada Maple Syrup, qt. bottle 50c
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3 lbs. ......' 1.00
Tomatoes,' 2 lb. tins, 2 for  25c
Miss M. E. Thomson, of Buffalo,
New York, is visiting her brother, G.
B. Thomson, Fernie.
■Knox Church, Sunday Services: 11
a.m. and 7,30 p.m. Preacher, Rev. A.
S. Martin, B. D. Evening subject,
"Harshness or Gentleness."
The regular monthly tea of tho La
•dies' Aid of the Methodist Church will
•bn held at tho home of Mrs. Pollard,
Fornlo Annex, on Tnosday afternoon
from 8 to G, and from 7 to 9 In the
ovonlng for tho young people.
Tho Baptist Sunday School will hold
their annual picnic In tho City Park,
weather permitting, on Wednesday,
Aug. 6th, Tho school will leave tho
church at 1 p.m. nnd proceed to tho
park: ' lunch haHketB may bc left ln
tho Hall.
July 20—Tho infant son of John
Faialc, np;ed 4 months. Funeral took
placo from Catholic Church on 31st
ult., nov. V. Michel officiating,
2314 U. M. W. of A,
Tho 'regular mooting  of  Gladstone
Local  Union  will  bo liold ■ nt Coal
Crook Hall, on Friday next, 8th August at 7,30 p,m,
■ Socrotnry,
Results of games played on Saturday last.
Coleman 5, Ferule 0; at Fernie.
■Michel 2,' Hosmer 1; at Michel.
Bellevuo 2, Blairmore 0; at Blairmore.
Coal Creek 3, Hillcrest 0; at Hlllcrest.
Hosmor have registered a protest on
account of refcreo stopping the game
10 mlnutos before time expired in tho
socond half.
Hlllcrest have protostod against tho
roferoo's unfairness,
PWLDFor Agst P.
Bollovuo .. .
Coal Crook
- 8
Coleman   ..
- 7
Hillcrest  ..
Mlchol  j..,
Hosmor ..,
Blalrmoro .
TABER, July 29.—To Steven Arent
belongs the honor of being the first to
placo a hinder in the field in the immediate Taber district Ihis year.
Today Jlr. Arent started cutting
a field of oats, which are fully ripened,
having grown jn high sandy soil, The
yJdd will not bo so heavy as on heavier soil, but will be fair. It is reported that barley cutting has started
in tho north country.
ling pictures, comfortable seating accommodation and a well ventilated,
cool house and two hours solid amusement.   Price 20c always.
Tho Rifle Fund Committee will
moot In tho Heorotary'H Offlco, Fornlo,
ou fiuniliiy next, AuKiiHt flrd, at 7 p.m.
Ml .iiicmhei'H of nb.pvn Cnnnnl.ttoo are
Hpoclully roiiuo»toii': to attend,
Any person found usInK or having
tools In hia pOHHOHHlnu d'tlier thnn IiIh
own will ho prosecuted,
A mooting of tho.abve Longuo waa
V, I.l   t,.   Mt. 1 J'l    , ,,   t*.i, „,.,,,,„   !,,-,<    qn/l
tho fnllowlni? Holm' rn'nrnfinntnt.lvnB
worn proBoiu: .Inn, Bhnrplos, Coal
Crook; Goo. lkiddln«ton. Michel; Wm.
Balder-stone, Hosmor; .1. .Graham,
Colomnn; G. Robertson, Hlllcrost; It.
Lovltt aud tho nocrotary, A, J, Carter.
l.lMi    V/iv.v. iv    |iiMiv*ftvv..i    ur'nViiitvl    iuu.
match at Uollovue on tho tMh July.
Aftor hearing the ovldenco of tho Coal
Crook roproHcntatlve tho protest wna
not allowed.
A proteBt from Bellevuo awilnst
IllllcroBt regarding game plnyod nt
Ii;ih:riT»t oi. July Mh 'km left over until nnxt meetlrifj.
Hoemcr trcro contained In n protect
against Fornlo, and tho match was
ordered to he replayed on 10th Auft.
It waa decided to mako tho draw for
thn cups at tho noxt meetlnB and entrance feoa aro to bo forwarded to
tho I#ca«uo Secretary on or before
iflth August.
The next meotlwr will bo bold at
Hlllcrest on 16th August.
A Yory protty woddlng took plneo nt
tho 'Methodist Church, Fornlo, li. C,
ou Saturday laHt, July 20, 1913. The
contracting parties bolng Mr, William
VVlnstaiiloy o£ Fornlo, and Mian Isabella Whltohnll, of Wlgan, Ijniu'iiHhlro,
England, tho Rov. Mr. Porloy officiating.
'MIhh Annlo Wlnstnnloy, sinter of
thn hrldogrootn, and Mr. Adiim Monks,
hoth of Fernlo, netod as -bridesmaid
and boat mnn. Aftor the ceremony tho
bnppy couple drove to their rosldnneo
on Maophoriion nvoiiuo, wlioro nbout
fifty guests imt down to toa, 13vory
ono 'having■ spent a most onJAynblo
ovonlng. Tho shlveree band attended
In full swing. »
Quito a numbor of useful presents
wore rooolvod from Iho following I'ar-
tins:— 'Mother of bridegroom, ehoffon-
lor; MIhh A. Wlnstnnloy and Mr. A.
Monks, doHHort knives and forks; Mr,
and Mrs. fl. Evans, silver fruit howl;
Mr. and Mrs, II. Marshall, hand pijlnt-
oil rnilt dlHh; Mr, and Mrs, Munrno,
Nelson, 11, C, china tea sorvlco; Mr,
"'.'vl   M'.'"     A.,   VM'rT.   pm'-.vM*"1nV-*vl   nil.
low onsen; Mrs. 11. Noo, linen table
cloth and serviettes; Mr, nnd Mrs, .1.
Flood, whlto counterpane; Mr. and
Mrs. J. Boardmnn, marble clock; Mr.
and MrB',' W. Parkinson, antique cupa
nnd saucers; Mr, J. Monks, linen table
*.     ( , . . ,, r    ., I     .      ,.   t
V-t^Ka-* I      .....      *.*. ,**».*MV'v,     r*'-*"     .......ii.     ,.,.,'.
aland; MIbb Maggio Whitehall, Wlgan,
Lancashire, England, combined fruit
and silver stand and pin cushions; Mr.
nnd Mrs, J. Lotah.,.Jr., hand worked
tnblo cloth; Mr. and Mrs. J, Leigh Sr.,
cushions, sideboard cover nnd toa
oony; MIhh Martha Leigh, tnbl* rentM
salts and photo framn; Mrs, Brlndlo,
diwhwn «et; Mr. nnd Mr«. T. Vnrr,
itiwols; Mr. and Mrs, A. Whitehall,
linen tnblo cloth! Nursn Percy, under*
wear and photo frame; Mn, Murray,
embroidered nlgh-V dross cbho; Mrs.
Unsworth, hair comh/i; Mr, and Mrs.
3, Whltehlll, umbrella; Mr. and Mrs.
UtKtiatu. worked cushion cover;
Mm. C. Bates, sewing outfit and row*
bowl; Mrs. Hart, luce table cover.
Tihc city pollco h'oko all records for
business ou Thursday, morning when
some 05 cases wero 'handled, We
1t-.t\r, however, that this, coupled with
t'.io fact that thero aro somo flftoen
l.risonors ln tho local bastlllo, can
aoarcoly bo considered as an advo-tlst!-
moiii of tho good boliavlor of our cif.l-
That tho polloo havo occasionally
proved Good Samaritans was evidenced last wook when a poor follow was
picked up near tho C. P. Tt, frolght
sheds by Sergeant Amberman, practically all ln. Ho was takon to tho station and clothed and fod by tho pollco
nnd Inst Monday morning resumed his
journoy. This man had only Just ro-
covorod from a sovoro attack of pnou-
monla, and had boon dlsohargod from
an hospital down tho Pass but a fow
days previously.
Fornlo appears to bo tho hunting
ground for a .eonsldornblo number of
ci'lpplod mendicants who havo recently dlBcovorod that tho.Inhabitants of
this burg havo a chnrltablo stroak In
thorn. While thoso Individuals may
bo alono In thoir discovery, tho pollco
wish to warn the cltlzons against Indiscriminate nlms-glvlng, as thOBo mon
have.proved an liitolorhblo ntilHannei1
nud In many ensos nro not unknown
to the'police os erlmlnnlfl,
Joo Vorossnck wan fined $21.00 and
ooata and twonty-ono days hard labor,
ot.in default thirty days, for lutaK
drunk and disorderly and (llsturbl"R
the penen,    Tho flno wns paid.
MoLonn. an old offender, got soaked ton days for vagrancy,
MftOlrilo'y and McBurnoy, crlpplea,
charged with vn&ronoy, woro lot out
upon  Biiupmiflorl  oentcnoo enndltlnnnl
upon thoir quitting tho town,
Tony TroAtoncky, I*. I., Jacobaoi
and .Walter Whlto received tho usual
for vagrancy.
Two Men Reported Killed and Mnny
Other Deaths Are Now Feared
BROCK, Sask., July 26.—Flro broke
out tonight In Hyde's barn, which
spread rapidly and more than ono
half of the town was wiped out. The
damage is estimated at $150,000.
Hyde's barn, the Johnson implement
buslnoss, Rlfo's drug storo, Keil's
hardware storo, Ward's general store,
the old post office and many other
buildings wero completely gtitto'd. A
special train carried the Kindorsloy
fire brigade to tho scene, ns a call for
assistance was sent, when the extent
of tho conflagration -waB seon, Tlio
Brock fair was being hold today nnd
fully 1,000 peoplo from tho surrounding country wore ln tho town whon
tho flro tiroko out. Six homos woro
burned ln tho livery In which tho flro
It is reported that at least two men
havo porlshod ln tho flames and It 1«
foarod that moro donths may havo resulted.
•At. a lato hour tho flro was still
burning arid a change of wind threatens to destroy all of tho remaining
buildings. Every* available man has
been summoned by tho pollco to aid In
fighting tho flames.
Explosions of gnsollno spread tho
flro and ondnngorod tho lives of thouo
fighting tho flnmoB,
Levan, at that point found himself in
a dilemma. He dared not make the
usual descent by means of the parachute and leave his companion to his
fate. And it would never do for both
to come down with the parachute as It
would Inevitably mean- death. »
Aviator to Rescue
Fortunately for both, after an anxious spell tho balloon began to descend gradually. It was at this,moment
that Dare-devil Blokely, seeing tho
plight of his companions of tho air,
sallied forth in his aeroplane, 'but
when he got near they appeared to be
comparatively safe, so ho continued to
stand by ready for any emergency that
might call for his assistance,
The "balloon continued to descend
and dropped on the high wooden
fence of tho athlotlc grounds, tho nero-
naut on one side and Mark on tho
othor. This ontangloment waB soon
put an end to by Mark whipping out
his knlfo and cutting tho ropo.
Neither of tho,men, beyond a few
scratches, wero any tho worso for
their oxporlcnco,
Tho delight of tho crowd, on soolng
tho thrilling oxporlonco ending so
harmlessly, can bo bettor Imagined
than described.
Manager Mlllir Informs ub that Iio
has just finished complotoly ro-decor-
atlng and painting the IbIs Theatre.
Ho does not, howovor, Intend to quit
horo and Intend* to carry out several
eonaldorablo Improvements In this
neat llttlo theatre.
Tho program for this woek In a two
reel film, "Tho leopard Avongor," a
most marvellous spoctaculnr film feature from Enropc, with tho uiual program ot 'comedies nnd dramas.
Noxt week tho special on Monday
and Tuesday will be "The HalfbreiMl
futfinn' n two-r*»el Wtinti-m Indian
picture by tho 101 Bison Co.
Tho "fills" hns a reputation for thril-
Horrible  Experience of Asilstant In
Brandon Fair Balloon Ascent—
Was Tangled In Ropes
BRANDON, Man,, July 20.—Tho
most sensational ovont In eonnootlon
with tho aerial ovonts of the Dominion
Fair was ronorvod for tho last night,
und the last ascent by balloon on tho,
exhibition programme Through a
mishap, John W. Mark, lecturer nt
Brandon collogo, who wnB helping an
nu attendant*,'' got eiit(infci*iM lu llm
i'oii-cu uu tiiv 'kiU-Mui was on tlio
point of being lot go nnd wnn enrrlod
Into mld-alr with tho parachutist, treating the mont intenno excitement on
tho part of tho spectators thnt has
boon oxnorlonrftd durlnK tho whole of
thn ton days of tho fair. Fortunately
both aeronaut and attendant, nftor going up to a height of 800 feet, woro
brought down In tfafflty.
Fouoht to 0«t Fr««
On Iho ordor fcolng glvon to lot go,
tho spectators woro horrified to find
that an attendant kad got entangled
In tho ropes nnd was making dospor.
ato attempts to extricate himself,
Within a fow soconds, bowover, ho
was far abovo tho ground, and from
now on had to hold to tho ropes llko
grim death to prevent himself from
falling. Vp the balloon w««* «m,(! <he
br^athlo.i**! firt>lif*m*r,t of ths crowd to
a height of about S00 foot. It was at-
torwards Icarnod fhftt the balloonist,
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
FOR SALE—50 Aylesbury ducks, 10
weeks old, $1.25 each.   Also 50 pure
. bred Aylesbury Ducks, 4 months old,
weighing from 5 to 7 pounds each,
selected for breeding  stock, $1.75
• each, Mrs. A. Davies, Annex Extension, Fernie. 45
li'Stt "" SALE—Four rRoomed House,
plasstored, with pantry and back
kitchen. For terms apply to Ed.
•Morrison, Chlpman Avenue, Annex,
WANTED TENDERS for renting
Barbers rooms .furnished in connection
with Coal Creek Lltorary and Athlotlc
Association, membership of'ovor 300.
Stato terms to W. Rd. Puckoy, Secretary C. C, L. & A. A., Coal Crook.    4-t
Haired Fox terrier;
Young Wire
^.uc, pure bred, parents prize winners;' game little terrier,
tackle anything; 8 dollars. Fred Co\-,
Coleman, Alta. 40
Played nt Hosmor and resulting In
a draw, 2-2,
'Hosmor — Goal, ... P. Salt; hacks,'
Brownrlgg nnd J. Korr; halves, P.
Kolr, McDougal, Iluduck; forwards,
Lakoy, Priiot, Lakoy, Robson nnd nob-
son, 'Mlchol tonm—Coal, 13. Qullott;
backs, H. Mercer and J. Price; halves,
II. iloiikiiiHon, M, Hnlko and 0. Grog-
ory; forwards,■ II, ParldnBon, J. .Tonkins, A. Yntos, A. I'odrosky, W, Now.
Receive Tho Ladder don't blame us,
Watch the date of the expiration of
tho same label containing your ad-
All kinds of Housohold .Furniture
bought In largo or small quantities,
also gents' enst-off clothing. Secondhand Storo, Victoria Avonuo North.
FOR RENT—Four roomed Houso;
moat kltchon, clothoB closet, oloctrlc
light, wator, etc. Apply Wm. Bar-'
ton, ngont Singers Sowing Machino
Co,, City. 4B-»tp
Five roomod houso, plnstorod, prico,
$11*50,00. Throe hundred cash, balance
on terms, Apply W. Barton, agent
Slngor Sowing Machine City.
WANTIOD—Girl for general houso-
work.  Aipply Mrs. Frod Johnson,    46
FOR SALE—O-Holo Kltchon Range
with warming closet and hot wntor
rosorvolr (cheap). Api,ily Mrs, Ireland, Pollatt Avo., North End,       43
will be pald^ for Information that will
lead to the arrest and conviction of the
person that is stealing, maiming and
dropping person baits to destroy poultry tho property of Albert Davies,
Fernlo Annex Extension. 42
"     LOST
Left In Post Offlco 'box, bunch of
keys with chain attached. Will finder
kindly turn ln at wicket.
Furnishod ; Light Housokooplng
Rooms Wnntod near city. Bathroom
flat preferred; will pay up to $20
month. Write fully Box 820, Ledger.
throo to rent; ovory convonlonco.
Box 99, city. 30
FOR SALE—Flvo-roomod Houso;
plnstorod "nnd woll finished throughout; splondld wntor; situated ln ploas-
antost residential part of Wost Fornlo.
Near town. For torms apply, S. L„
Box 1003, Cllty. 3t-n.p,47
FOR SALE—Cheap, Houso of 4 rooniB
on 1-2 lot, Walton Avo„ wator and
toilet In houso. Apply Jas. Bovor-
ldgo at houso.', 40-3tp
FOR RENT —11 or 1
rooms, good location.
Apply Box
FOR SALE—Now tout 7 X 12 X 2 1-2;
1 mattrosB, 2 prs, blankots, 2 com-
fortova, 2 pillows,1 etc; usod only six
woolcs.   Apply Vi O, Box 141.    48
Block 2, .Hosmor', will soil or ox-
ohnngo for Morrltt property. Apply
A, 3, Limb, Box 81, Morrltt,        40
■"'The Leopard
2 Parts
Marvolous ami Spoctaonlar Animal Foaturo from Europe.   If you miss tliis
you will miss a treat,
SPECIAL  .   Monday and Tuesday   -   SPECIAXV
"The Half Breed Parson"
Two reel Indian Wostorn Foaturo by "IO!" Bison,
Pleasing Pictures, Perfectly Projected


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items