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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-10-04

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 Industrial Unity is Strength.
ir   .■
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
M?.'   5497
ical Unity is Victory.
No: 6, Voi.yn.
$1.00 A YEAR
er—It Means Money
On page eight of this Issue will he
' found by-law number 140, -being a bylaw- to negotiate "an agreement granting certain concessions and privileges
to Joseph H, Frankel to erect and car-
.ry on an abattoir and cold storage
plant in the northwest^portlon of this
city.-  As will be seen trom the proposed by-law, the council have decided
to grant certain exemptions from taxation to Mr. Frankel for a period of
six yjeara, but it ia necessary, that'a
' vote of the citizens to take upon this
project   This will take place on the
16th' day of October at the Council
,,   1 Chambers -between the hours of 10 in
1^ the morning and 8 In the evening.   ,
,-u ,Mr.  Prankel has  been  trying  for
"   some months to obtain a site in the
'    city of Fernie or Immediately outside
and the Council, in conjunction with
the Fernie.Board of Trade, have made
every effort to get him located.   The
,   , Coal Company were approached but
..,-,.'  could'not-see their, way to sell any
lands' within the limits of" the' city, or
, -. any' closer than  McDougall's Creek,
'  which is about one mile from the Post
,v Office.   The price askecMor thlB land
. ,,   was, we-are given to understand, , $1,-
considered   as" positively, prohibitive
^- __and absurd.   Eventually: the * Govern-
—~~nient'Block No. 44. adjoining the G. N,
track was secured and this Is the site
•     upon which the proposed.plant will be
." erected if considered favorably,by the
;. , electorate;;/'. :7'A.'7 "V   * --.■•-'■
•■ As lB;,naturalwIth the introduction
: ,     of any. new, industry, there are certain
■       property holders  who  consider this
inimical to their interests and are ob-
,   "   Jectlng to the erection of a plant in
the town. .Most of these objections,
however, are more or less imaginary
f,      and thoro is no reason, provided the
,   "    Counoil insist upon Mr. Frankel living
up to tlie terms of tils agreement, why
! '     this business should be obnoxious ln
the slightest degree..  We may state)
for the benefit of- our roadors, that
',. ,   there is a possibility ot the citizens
;' ,    'being able to secure fresh killed meat
at reducod prices.   This alone ls wor*
,;       thy of consideration.
'A wodorn and  up-to-date abattoir
Bhould never causo any nuisance if
i       scientific methods of burning the offal
and  excroments  aro UBed,  in  fact,
thero should bo no moro Inconvenience experienced than that whioh at-
l      tends tho operation of a saw-mill, with
j       tho rip and tear ot aaws, shriek of
'*      planers and smoking inolnorator,
As It is not Intended to carry on any
fertilizer manufacturo the contention
thot the uracil will bo objectionable ts
practically eliminated,*. All pens will
tto situated alongside tho G. N. track
and on tho portion of tho block facing
McPherson Avenue, It is intended to
erect workers' dwellings, whilo tho
abattoir will bo nearly ln centre of
block, It Is ono of tno perversities of
human nature, however, thnt a por*
tion of the community who were so
anxious to run tho real estate shark
out of town should be just as anxious
to koop out any industry thnt is likely
to redueo tho cost of living to tbe
workor. For our part wo think It is
up to the oloctorato to glvo this matter vory careful consideration and not
to consider tlio objections ot a monopoly or Individuals who are under tho
Impression, that this portion of tho
earth was emitted for their own special benefit and exploitation.
■H Is not conducive to tho welfare of
"iiny town, or community that It should
bo dlctatod to by tho controlling business Interests; this hns boon tho rato
with Fornlo tx llttlo too long, and It Is
about tlmo thnt tho workers, who form
thtt bulk of tho property ownors, or
homo ownors, should insist that tliey
have a voice ln tho managing and con-
trollln* of thn tnwn (itttinurt fv^y
*' may bo denied this In other mnltArs
tiui couceru their welfare
may .state here that^nll the members
o'f the Executive were present, at said
meeting and''naturally,,.'when the
wholo Executive has decided a question, it is understood that that decision is binding, unless a mutual understanding as to date between the
teams Interested was accepted by Executive as satisfactory, or a protest
against any player who took part In
the game, or against the referee, or.
about field of play, was tendered. No
protest about any of the above stated
cases was tendered about' the final,
yet Coleman F. C, secretary has been
notified by Executive secretary that
the replay of final has not to 'be played on Wednesday, Sept. 24, though
that was the date flxeu Dy the Executive, but that' he decides that the
game Ue played on Saturday, October
4. I'm" left wondering where the Executive secretary gets his orders
from.' In this case the secretary is
not obeying the .order of the Executive; far from it;"he takes the reins In
his own hands and drives roughshod
over authority, "let me whisper," with
Coal Creek plying the whip and spurs.
Coal Creek has appealed against the
Executive'deciding that the replay of
the final has to, be played at Blairmore, hence the action of the Executive secretary-ln postponing the game.
Could anything be more farcical than
an appeal against a ■ decision of an
Executive,' and that same. Executive
the only' appeal court, when there is
no, new matter to be considered?, Perhaps. Coal Creek are like the-ancient
Romans who, when.'not satisfied with
a decision of -Caesar's, appealed from
Caesar drunk to Caesar; sober. But
Nest Pass will'be thinking if the Football Executive allow.their "secretary to
put their orders aside and take his orders from "€oal "Creek, as in this Instance,' or from elsewhere, that not
only were they not sober at their last
meeting,- as- Coal Creek "evidently
think,, but that they are'never sober.
Let's have clean sport and it can only
lie attained by *> those in authority
maintaining their authority and showing no favor.        ,
There d-pes not appear to be any cases) being, first, the South Welling-
change in tho situation on the Island, ton committals; second, the. Lady-
According to a telegram from Robert smith committals, and, lastly, those
Foster a few of the "generous ones" , committed for-trial from Nanaimo so
have returned to work at Extension - that in all probability it will be three
Mines, while a few- are working at, weeks before the "local prisoners will
South Wellington. Very little coal,, be brought before the court for trial
however, is being shipped and not any I .The date" of the trials was decided
from the mines .of the Western Fuel upon today at a sitting of the court
Company.   There are about 150 mill- presided over by Judge Ho way after
tia still at Nanaimo and the usual
contingent of special and provincial
police. ' Trials of all the men arrested
starts on the 6th inst. The accused
have been in jail seven weeks and
have complained bitterly of insufficient food and the very bad quality of
same. The result of this has been
much sickness and distress among the
-Picketing' is prohibited, the- most
trivial offence subjects individuals to
arrest and jail, bail being refused in
every instance. It is alleged that the
merchants of Nanaimo claim to in a state of terror, but whether
from the police or the miners we are
unable to say, and as a result, it Is
said to be impossible to obtain a jury.
The venue of^trlal may possibly-be
changed to the New Westminster las-
sizes, but this is rather doubtful as accused men have the privilege of re-
opinion of'their counsel, J, E.'Bird, it
is likely that they will do this' and
come .before Judge Howay rather than
go to New Westminster'assizes. There
are about 190 accused to be tried.   -.
Mr.-'Bird, counsel for the s„tr|kers,tls-
credited' "with the-" Allowing remark
from a Vancouver exchange:
"There is one added objection to a
change' either to Vanvoucor or New
Westminster," said Mr. Bird. "In
both Vancouver and New Westminster the newspapers have been printing one-sided and   distorted   reports
the court had consulted with Mr. J. D.
Taylor, Crown prosecutor, and1 Mr, Elder, of,Bird, Leighton,& Darling, counsel for the accused.     ' ° '-
Rubinowitz Committed to Assizes
NANAIMO, ' Sept. 27.—Despite his
best arguments and the evidence of
one of the crown's' own witnesses that
the charge -was baseless, Israel Rubinowitz," police magistrate of Steveston,
lawyer and Rhodes scholar, was, committed to stand trial for picketing by
Magistrate Simpson, whose decisions
in other cases which grew out of the
strike have' so interested the legal fraternity. The other prisoners arrested
with him on the* same' charge were
also committed.  -     ■ '    ■-
T. B.' Shoebotham,' acting as prosecuting attorney,, had been closeted
with the special policeman who arrested iMr. Rubinowitz for half an hour,or
according to Mr. Rubinowitz in his
evidence.   . '   , -
'Mr. Rubinowitz based his plea for
dismissal of? the case on the ground
that the very -man they had -been
charged, with'accosting was not spoken to or In 'arty* way molested by the
defendants on1 Tuesday, as the prosecution charges.
The hearing occupied the greater
part of yesterday morning and afternoon. Waltor Pryde and W. A. Mooro
were charged jointly with' Mr. Rubinowitz with picketing a»d Intimidating
up and passedthe accused. The three
defendants did not stop or speak to
him but they walked very slowly and
at one time stopped and looked
around. -    „
When cross-examined by Mr. Rubinowitz the -witness stated that he did
not know his name had -been used in
the information, that he. had not authorized It nor had he any complaint
to make about the conduct of the
accused. '■■
The committal was made.
On Monday evening, Oct. 8, the subject for discussion at the Methodist
League meeting will he "Social Life."
iur. McNIcholas will be in charge and
Mr. Stanley Dicken will contribute a
paper.   Everybody welcome.
The monthly toa of the Ladies' Aid
of tlio Methodist Church will'be held
at the home of Mrs. W. W. Brown, on
Tuesday afternoon, October 7tli, from
3.30 to 6.
The regular monthly tea of the Ladies' Guild of Christ Church will be
held at the home of Mrs. Fred Johnson on Wednesday, the 8th, at 3.30.
Harvest Thanksgiving services in
the Baptist Church 'On Sunday, oth
Oct. 'Special sermons by Rev, LeBeau
of Calgary. Special singing by the
choir. Morning 11 o'clock, evening 7.30.
A. L. Walker, J. W. Quinney, D. Mc-
Vaunell and J. Dineen climbed the
"Three Sisters" on Sunday last, leaving Fernie at 4.30 in the morning and
arriving hack home at 5.45 in the even-
ing.   They spent a very pleasant trip.
Two weddings took place at the
Methodist parsonage this week. On
Monday Mr. Alexander Linton, of
Hosmer, was married to Miss Rebecca
Purdie, of Lanark, Scotland. The
young couple were accompanied by
Mr. James Ritchie and Mrs. Stewart
Lynch, all of the neighboring city.
On Tuesday Mr. Thos. Shields and
Miss Elsie Hutchinson, both of Michel,
were united in matrimony and left at
Mr. Shields is employed as a fire patrolman.
S. P. OF C.
A special business meeting will be
held next Sunday at 8 p.m.. Comrades!
You are requested to attend. The
meeting will'be held in the new headquarters of the Party.
The management of the Co-operative stores Informs us that the key advertising scheme, which they have
been running for the past few weeks,
will be finished this week. Watch for
date when keys are to be' tried; date
will be posted in store. -   ■
(Mr. A. J. Carter,
Secretary of the C. N. P.
Football League, -
Fornle, B, C.
Dear Sir,-—We understand thnt tho
final game for the Mutz Cup and tlio
Browing Company's set of medals is
to bo played in Blairmore. Now wo
wish to make a very strenuous complaint about this, as It does not seem
fair that,a game played for prize
given by a Fernie concern should be
played in Alborta. ,
When Mr. Mutz gave the cup, it was
with tho understanding that tho final
gamo waB always io do played ln
either Fernie or Coal oreek and when
wo gave tho medals this yoar wo took
it for grantod that tho final game was
to be played in Fernie or at least in
British Columbia.
Wo understand thnt tho final gamo
will not bo playod for a weok or so
and this should give you plonty of
tlmo to mako dlfforont arrangements,
as we know tbat most of the boys, not
to say all tho boys, In this district aro
In favor of having the last game played In this district.
Mr, Mutz will probably be tn town
ln a day or so and wo are sure that
you will hear further from him In regard to this mattor. We are always
willing to como forward and help
sports In this part of the country, but
would llko to soo tho town's pooplo
get tho benoflt of it.
Trusting that you can make the no-
cossary changes without too much
troublo to all parties concerned, and
hoping to hoar from you further in
this matter, wo aro
Yours vory truly,
P. H. Dubar,
Fornlo-Fort-fltoolo Brewing Co., Ltd.,
Fernlo, 11. 0„ Sopt. 20, 101.1.
and articles about the troubles at Nu-jamnn named Sam Davis and others
naimo, and have'been unduly inflam'
ing tlie public mind against the strlkors. I do not think they could get tx
fair and unprejudiced trial in either
No Room for Handful of Immoral Women, But Two Hundred Miners Are
Accommodated In Prisons—Failure
of Government to Appoint Royal
Commission to Settle Mine Strike
"The peoplo of British Columbia do
not want tho miners so to act that
they will loso thoir faith, as 'Mr. Bowser has stated.' Tho peoplo of British
Columbia will so act that tho miners
will not Iobo their faith, their courage,
and not bo driven into subjection."
With theso words Mr, J, W. del), Far-
rlfl summed up tho situation at tho
prosont time, tho attitude of the pooplo of this province toward tho strikers on Vancouver Island at a mooting
of the Liberal association last night in
tho Holden building.
During tho subsequent discussion, It
was made clear that this was ono of
tho foromost planks In tho Liberal
platform, and that when tho Liberals
were returned .to power in this province It would be their boundon duty
to enforce all laws that would give tho
workingmen an equal chance with tho
employers in any dlsputo.
Hearlna of Cases Will Begin Before
Judge Howay on Ootober B~-Mr.
Rublnowltx Released on Ball
, NANAIMO, Sept. 20.—Tho spoody
trials of thoso committed on various
charges arising out of tho rocont strlko
disturbances will commence on 'Monday, Oetobor n, tho preredenco of the
Objects to Magistrate
•The lawyer began the defense first
with objecting to the magistrate and
to the crown prosecutor. He said that
ho did not believe that he could get a
fair trial. lie meant no disrespect, to
tho magistrate, but ho, pointed but
that he had been refused bail when
the charge was only a misdemeanor
nnd he had ovory right to ball. The
principle that a man was Innocent until proved guilty had not beon lived up
Ho also" objected :o tho appearance
of Shoebotham as crown prosecutor,
The man ought not to havo any status
or standing in any court.
Flvo special constables and others
tostlflod for tho prosecution. Evidence
glvon was to tho offoct that tho accused wero loitering in tho vicinity of tho
No. 1 mino whan workmen woro coming off shift nnd that thoy had refused
to movo on whon so ordered by tho
pollco, or to glvo thoir names whon
asked to do so.
Mr. Rubinowitz donled tho chargo of
picketing or Intimidating. Ho said
that ho had boon troatod with contempt and that tho prosecution was
not in good faith, but hopod to discredit him. Ho had como over at tho ro-
quest of tho defonBn commlttoo, He
had accidentally mot tho accused and
had nskod to bo shown nbout, Thoy
merely walked on the public Btroots
as thoy had a right to do,
(Mooro, a mine foreman, corroborated this statement.
Bam Davlos, Bald to be tho mnn who
had boon Intimidated, wont In the box
and said that ho could not recognize
tho accused, Whon walking out of
tho mino with othors ho had caught
_, The Pantages Company with the
great,'Hawaiian Serenaders were', in
Fernie at the above theatre oil Monday and Tuesday. The-entertainment
was really first class and -it is to be
regretted ■ that more interest was not
shown and the audience not larger.
However, those who did come were
thoroughly satisfied, as .was proved by
the generous applause that greeted
tho artists' efforts,, After Tuesday
night's performance the company gavo
an Impromptu danco at the Nupaneo
Hotel, which was very largely attended and thoroughly enjoyed by all. The
Hawaiian troupe comprised tho orchestra and rendered somo first class
dance music.
Mr. Suddaby Informs us that conald-
erable Interest is' being taken-ln_hln
piano competition and that there is
every prospect of a* record number of
votes being ■collected. Next week collectors of votes will be able to take
the heading of their District Ledger to
Suddaby's and°get same exchanged
for number, ot votes.qqulv^lenUto tho
number contained on * the heading.
This will help many of those who, have
been a' little late in starting.' It Ib not
too late to start now, If you're a huBt-
Tho great boxing match between C.
Lucca and Curly Hume took place on
Wednesday night at the Grand Theatre, Tho main bout was procodod by
a fivo round preliminary botwoon two
.gentlemen of color, and whilo it did
not prove exhilarating from a pugilistic viewpoint, it was certainly enjoyed
by tho audlonco. Those in tho pit seats
wero apprehensive, however, of tho
intontlons of ono of tho fighters, tho
attitude ho assumed bolng a cross botwoon tho early rooster and the modern bird man, In fact It was thought
several times that if ho had kopt on
flapping ho might havo s-juceedod in
propelling himself through tho building.
Tho main bout was staged about 0.45
and unHtaged at 0,M. Thn first round
gave promise of n good fight nnd somo
hard blows woro oxchanged, honors
bolng nbout ovon, Lucca shono as an
Inflghtor. but Hume was both quick
and clever. Early In tho socond round
Lucca runhod Hume to his cornor nnd
horo tt Is claimed fouled him. Tho
roforoo refused to glvo a foul and
Humo quit. Tho nudlanco got Horn and
eventually with tho host Intontlons
of appeasing thorn Marshall offered
to box tx throo round exhibition with
Lucca. Tho first round wns all thn
exhibition Iho ailrtlnnro wnntod nnd
they promptly quit.
Tbe management of tho Isis inform
us that they have now practically
completed the structural alterations
.to tlieir theatre., I is hoped by next
woek to have tho seats In, which will
give an additional capacity to about
100 peoplo. The rear portion of the
theatre lias been considerably nlterod
and the whole presents a very pleasing and clean appearance, The steam
heating nnd ventilation liave rocolved
every consideration nnd thoro Is no
doubt that tho patrons of this smart
little house will find it oven more com.
fortnblo during tho long winter oven-
lngs tlinn was tho cuse last your,
'Nicholas Rahtil, Assyrian, charged
with murdor, wns released on $20,000
ball.   Uo will bo tried on Oct. 20th.
Reuben Stallman, chnrged with procuring, was romandod until Oct. Oth.
John Turner, ohargod under tho liquor act, was finod $20.
Harry Hoffman, ohargod undor railway act, was flnod $7.00.
Clarence A. Umbrae, similar chnrgo,
was flnod (7.00,
'Wm, Korblo, charged with forgery,
waB committed for trial on Oct, Oth by
II. L, Brown, J. P., of Hosmor.
To the Rdltoh District Lodger.
Dear 8lr,—Allow mo apace in your
paper to draw the attention or all
sjvort followers, particularly football
followers, In the Crow's Nest Pass, to
thn sltUitllou that In* arisen In the
final Ue of tbe above cup. Saturday's
gam* between Coleman aad Coal
Creek played at Blairmore resulted In
a draw, no scoring. At the olote of
th* case last Saturday a meetiag of
tbe roetball Executive wae held and
tho neal ordered to he replayed at
filalnaore on Wednesday. Hth Inst, f
Fornle, Bflth Rf-pt
To Editor of Lodger.
Dear Sir,—In roply to the abovo letter from Coleman, signed Sport Follower, In so far as tho aspersions cast
on myself ss League secwitnrv. I wlith
to put tho writer straight regarding
the facts. I have no doubt that be has
either been misinformed, or on the
othor hand has been swayed by his
blind prejudice In looking at tho situation from a Coloman supporter's
point of view, when he deliberately, I
will aot say maliciously, makes such
statements pufeHety. t dtd not, as he
states, advise th» Coleman representative that the match would be replayed on tike Uh dot, neither did ! say
that as League secretary I would order the match at Blairmore lo be can-
*<*l!<d, bet la the fst**tt"st* of »r*rt I
advised Ihe (V»J*m*n r*pfwmnfiilFvi»
(Continued on "pege four)
Last Day to Get on
Voters' List--Oct. 6th
Revision Nov. l?tht 1913
J. W. Dennett addressed two meetings nt Klmbcrly on Sunduy In his propaganda on hulialf of tho Michigan
.Motnllforoiis miners. Tho mlnorx
wero most enthusiastic nnd voted to
nsRORR themselves one shift ouch
month until tho strike Is won. At
MoyUi on Mondny the pome notion wiih
lakon by that local. Low-
ncy left for Coeur d'Alono on TucHilay.
Mr. Hcniii'lt will rniitlniif- IiIh lt|n-
ory through DlBtrlct No. fl of thn W.^hi-
•wi Federation of Minors nnd with IiIh
knowledge* of the <|tinrts worker mid
IiIk popularity In that pnrt of tlie
country will, wu fuel tuiro, Hiicnturl In
arousing consltlprnblo xyiiipnlliy ami
prnt'ilral   mipport  on   behnlf  of tho
The New Act specifics that the List of persons claiming to vole
shall be suspended, from and after the first Monday in A pill and
October of each year, and Court oj Revision held on the third Monday
of May and November of each year.
A ride match was held In Pernio on
Tuosday botwoon tho Crcston Civilian
Itlflo Association and Fornlo for tlm
u-ujmy.atid.WHtt won by Fernlo. The
scores mado wore exceptionally good
and near possibles woro ilnado In more
than one Instance. In tho evening a
banquet was tendered Ihe visitors at
the King Edward Hotel, ex-Mayor
Dleasdell acting as chairman nnd Col.
Mackay distributed the prlies.
Aggregate, S00, 600 and 600 yards—
1, Harold Minton! 2. it. (ioutil. A, John
M/ntonj 4, O. Minton, 5, C, c. Cart-
wrightj; I, A- 8. Fltsgerald.
Cash Prises, 100 ynrds—1. If, Minton; 2, A. 8. FlUgerald; 3, John Minton,
tm Yarda—1, c. Minfonr I. ir
<km»d; S, c. C Cartwrlght.
m Yarda—1, «. Minton; 2, C. r.
Carttrrlght; 3, John Minton.
At the fortnightly meeting of the
City Council on Thursday evening
there were present Mayor Gates, Aldermen Graham, MacDonald, Uphill,
Itoblchaud and Morrison, 0 together
with the'eitj; clerk city engineer, electrician, and fire chief. Several, citizens were present to air grievances
and petition' the Council on various
matters ot municipal., Interest. The
Council listened very patiently to all
and was able to sattefy the petitioners that their requirements would receive immediate attention.    —
The city cleric read the minutes ot
the previous meeting and they were
formally adopted.    ,
The city engineer's report on Mr. A.
Farquarson's objection to bearing the
cost of sewer connection was read and
discussed, but it was decided that the
city could do nothing in the matter.
and Mr. Farquarson would have to
make connections at his own expense
under inspection of city engineer.
Two or three complaints were received about the condition of toilets
and sewer connections and In two
cases it was decided to give the property owners thirty days in which to
comply with the by-law and make proper connections with sewer. ■
'Mr. James Stewart spoke on behalf
of a deputation from Dalton Avenue
and asked that there oe a proper electric light service extended to that por-
that the standard and lines are already ■
overloaded, It has been found impossible to supply any more consumers at
this end cf the town. Mr. Stewart certainly handled his case very ably and
diplomatically, although there wero
occasions, when ihe was- tempted.- to-:-
roast the Council. However, he qualified his remarks by exonerating the
present body and placing the onus upon previous councils. It was moved
by T. "Uphill and seconded by Aid.
Morrison,that the Council extend the
electric light along Dalton Avenue at
a cost not exceeding $400.00.' This
will bo dono aB soon as tho finances
of tho city pormlt.
Mr. Thomson, of Thomson and Mor- ,
rison, undertnkors, was presont and
took exception to tho decision of tho
Council nt tliolr previous meeting not
to pay movo thnn $30.00 for tho burial
of mendicants, It was pointed out by
this gentleman thnt owing to tho In- "
creased chnrges of tho cemotory authorities nnd the general rise In material that $.'10.00 did not reimburse him
for his outlay or labor, nnd that undor
the clrcumBtoncoB ho regretted thnt
ho would be unable to perform Interments for the city. It waB ovontually
decided that, as tho cost of living (and
dying) was Increasing, Mr. Thomson
bo paid tho sum ho asked, namely
$40.00, for each intormont.
It was moved by Alderman Graham
nnd seconded by Aldormnn MacDonald
that tho chlof of pollco bo Instructed
to soo that McGladrey nrothors kopt
thoir Btablo promises In a moro sanitary condition, as complaints havo
boon mnde nbout same, Tt was also
moved by Aldorman Morrison, seconded by Aldorman Roblchnud, that tho
hoalth offlcor bo Instructed to soo thnt
all pined* not complying with tbo sanitary by-law bo com polled to do so,
and falling compliance, that thoy bn
proceeded ngalnst,
Thn Fernlo Hoard of Trado vlsu*
"bumming" a donation towards tliolr
campnlgn nnd It wns eventually decided, aftor much discussion, that they
bo granted $100.00.
Tho flro ili'pnrtinnnt nlso rocclvod
cmiHlderntlon nnd It wns decldol 10
rntnln Iho Hnrvlrcs of thn a»»lnlniil
flro chlof until November. Thii Individual hns liPfin performing tho very
wrt'Bsnry nnd useful tnsk of ropnlrlng
thtt NhlownlkH, It wiih iiIho Uiclned
that Alilennaii (inihnm ncKOtlnte for
the ipiirchnvo of another horsn fnr Um
flro tonm. thoro bolng n proxpootlvn
vi'iidor In llm flold.
Tho Mule of I wo dlHrftrdod t nm Hf armors to the Calgary He rap Iron Company for $1.1,00 w(»h iiuthnrlpeil
Tho most Important mattor liofont
i'i,<i <'./,,,,*. ii it.i.i (flu i|Ucn£iou uf Ul*t
jiarldni: plant Mr. Mangaii wim pre*n.
ont, nnd whilo vnlrlnn nn iiononnl «!>•
Jpctlon, remarked thnt novoral ponpln
worn not favorably Inclined towards
tho tifntintltlnit     ttnwnvnr  t'i-t-f nnn-nn
mis of opinion was that theso objections worn more or legs Imaginary and
those expressing snmo were either Ignorant of Iho nRreement drawn lrp between tho city and'.Mr. Frankol or not
nniuainted with tbo up-to-date methods
of the modern packing plant   Tho
Council decided to publish the by-law
nntl agroftmonl, and Instructed the citv
rlork  tn  roply  to a  fommtinlrntlon
from Mr. Frankel to tho effect lhat
v.hoy did not  anticipate an? wrlout
objection to the proposition,   fiev-rral
othor mnMcrs of minor Intorest were
di*niw.!l and Iho Cuius. 11 adjourned
uttfr htrlnr jitirttirwil r^ff.' p «"frftl
Uoint *tiK«!nn and duly <w*ed tbt tite
"bnnoR" which Is thoir remuneration
for norvlwe. A-j^^yxyd^Tts x)yjyx '.^A.yX
A . \Sr
By Baron Evence Coppee, Brussels
Albstract of a paper read before the
Iron and Steel Institute, Brussels,
, ^ September 1, 1913.
Quite recently an improvement has
been effected in the utilization of gas
in gas engines by extracting the waste-
heat from the burnt gas expelled from
the cylinders of gas engines. These
gases leave the engine at a temperature in the neighborhood oi 500 degrees, Cent., and they are made Lo
pass thrpugh steam boilers of appro-
, priate design. In this way it has been
found -possible to raise about two
pounds of steam per horsepower hour
developed by the gas engine, which Is
equivalent to an increase of about 13
per cent on the power developed.
Another Important use for the surplus gas from coke ovens is for lieac-
ing metallurgical furnaces, and in particular Siemens open hearth furnaces.
The surplus gas from a battery of regenerative ovens coking 100,000 tons
of coal per annum is sufficient to heat
a Siemens furnace producing 100 tons
of steel per day.
One of the latest, and probably, the
most profitable, developments, however, in the uso of this surplus gas is
its application to town-lighting. The
transport of gas under pressure nas
heen so perfected that it now presents
scarcely greater difficulties than the
transport of water. Moreover, since
the old type of bats-wing burner has'
been almost entirely superseded by incandescent burners the candle-power
of the gas supply is of little importance, and the calorific power is the
only point that need be taken into
consideration. The ordinary surplus
obtained from ■ coke , ovens scarcely
reaches'a high enough standard, however, in this respect,
Practically speaking, we may say
that for town-lighting purposes a gas
should have a calorific power of at
least 560 British thermal units per
cubic foot. Coke oven gas is seldom
as rich as this, and would require to
be carburetted -by means of benzol or
■mineral in order to bring it up to the
required calorific power. In order to
avoid the expense of carburetting the
more usual process is to fractionate
the gas evolved from the ovens. By
dividing' the gas > evolved from • the
ovens into these two parts it Is possible to use the rich portion for. town-
lighting, while the "other portion is
used for heating the ovens, and any
surplus can be used for power production in gas engines of - for 'other suitable purpose. ' The proportion" of the
lighting gas to the whole will^depend
entirely upon the quality of the coal.
At our ovens at' Ressaix, for instance,
we are coking what would be called a
poor coal as judged by English standards, containing, as it does, only 18 to
19 per cent of volative matter and
under 9,400 cubic feet of gas per ton.
The amount of rich gas of 5G0 British
thermal units and upwards suitable for
town-lighting is rather more than 4,050
cubic feet per ton, or about ,4'i per
cent of the whole. The results obtained In this field show conclusively that
the production of lighting gas can be
carried on simultaneously with the
production of metallurgical coke, and
we may expect to see very large developments on these lines in the near future.
, America and Germany were the first
countries to take up this question to
any large extent, and at the present
day Germany has no less than 45
towns or communes wfyich are wholly
or partly supplied with lighting gas derived from coke ovens. We are also
taking up the question in this country,
and arrangements have already heen
made for lighting Liege, Ghent, 'Mons,
Ostend, one of the suburbs of Brussels,
and other places with coke-oven gas.
The following tabe (A) has been
drawn up with the view of showing
the cost of a ton of coke at various
stages in the development of coke
ovens. I have In each case assumed
that the plant is working in Belgium,
and producing about 1,500,tons of coke
per week from coal of about 20 per
cent volatile matter, calculated as being worth 9s. 6d. ($2.28) per ton delivered at the ovens, wages and other expenses being taken as equal in each
case. In calculating the figures in the
table it has been assumed that the
surplus could be sold for„town-lightIng
at a price equivalent to Sd. (16 cents)
per 1,000 cubic feet after deducting the
cost of purifying.
The carbonization of coal, "which
was at one time carried out with the
sole object of producing coke and, perhaps, incidentally steam," is now accompanied by the production of other
products of great value, and one might
say that lu a modern coking plant
where the surplus gas Is sold for town-
lighting or used for power production
the coke is no longer, properly speaking, the principal product manufactured.
It is Impossible to speak of coke
ovens without referring- to the question ot by-product recovery. Lack of
space and the nature of this paper
make it impossible to speak at any
length on this subject." Much has
been said and written as to the relative merits of the wet and direct, processes, and I do not propose here to
attempt to compare them; in my opinion neither possesses any advantage-
of real Importance over the other, and
the position may be fairly summarized
by saying that each process has certain advantages not possessed iby, .the
other, and that the choice of one rather than the other is a matter bf the
local conditions under which the plant
has to work.
There are other processes which
have been proposed for the recoyery
of ammonia quite distinct in" their
character from the processes referredi
to. These have not yet attained a
practical stage, but they are interesting to note, since they show promise
of effecting considerable economy in
the cost of manufacture of sulphate of
ammonia if, and when, the difficulties
which have so far prevented theni
from passing out of the experimental
stage .have been successfully overcome. The Field and Burkheiser processes, for example, have been designed to do away with the necessity for
using sulphuric acid. Though, as I
have just said, certain practical difficulties have so far prevented these
processes from being successfully carried out on a manufacturing scale,
there are grounds for hoi^ng that the
difficulties will ultimately be overcome and the processes brought to
successful application.      c
strike,ends."-' It is an"inkling of what
labor can do- when the spirit of common interest permeates the ranks. Instead of looking on,.sympathetically
and giving moral support, the different
trades have conceived the idea that
the Michigan strike is their strike and
are acting accordingly. Instead of pat-
ting-the miners on the back they are
.putting their shoulders to the wheel
and assuming- some of the financial
responsibilities, .not aa a favor to the
men in the strike, but as a duty to
themselves. This is the highest possible ground which we can expect the
workers to take in this or a like struggle. It is the highest plane of activity
yet reached. by the American - labor
movement and Butte i§ setting the
Tho State Federation of Labor, the
Silver Bow Trade and Labor Council,
the Building Trades Council and the
local unions deserve unstinted credit
for,they show, us what splendid results
accrue from united action and earnest
endeavor.     !
And now to our own unions, No. 1
and Xo. S3, have shown a magnificent
spirit, both locals have levied an assessment ot a day's wage, for the
month of October, and their expressions are to the effect that the mere
matter of money must not be let stand
in the way of a victory for unionism
in Michigan, and I have no doubt that
if necessary they will repeat their
magnificent act of unselfishness again
and again until victory comes to crown
our Michigan efforts.
An entertainment and a dance is to
oe given under the auspices of No. 1,
early in October, the proceeds for the
strikers, and committees are canvassing the city and suburbs, collecting
discarded but unable clothing for the
men,  women and  children  who are
Per ton of, coke
Yield of coke  '	
Cost of coal .., "	
Wages, upkeep, sinking fund and gen- .
eraLexnenses^.-. .-..._.■■-.-.-■-..,-■_..._,,-.-,-,-.-,	
Bee-hive oven
68 percent
s. d.
14 1
retort oven
77 per cent
b.   d.
12 6'
-      ,1__6_
,   .Waste heat „
-by-product oven
0.80 per cent '
s.   d.
12   0
by-product oven
80 per cent'
-  '-   '       s.   d.
12'   0
J <L
16   0
Less—Value of by-products.
Value of steam  '•••'.
Value of surplus gas— .
(a) for lighting	
(b) for power	
Profit on by-products	
Cost price of 1 ton of coke      16
.Hot  gases Using, hot
not used for      gases-for
steam raising steam raising
-..:  1  7
14   5
16   0
1   7
12   5
13   8-A
13   9
1   Vk
2   5
10   1
■ •*.
3   1%-
2   5
7   8^
2 5
2 5
8 11
Before finally leaving the subject of
by-product rocovery I must say a few
words about another process, proposed by,Dr. Hauser, for the production
of nitric acid and artificial nitrates
from coke-oven gas. The details of
the process are at present being worked out, the main Idea being to oxidize
nitrogen in an excess of oxygon under
prossuro produced hy the explosion of
tx gnBcous mixture of which coke-oven
gas ls one of tho constituents. I mention this procoss with a view of showing tho possibilities of constant development in tho futuro; and when wo
review tho groat strides that havo
boon made In chemical scienco In tho
last few decades It Is impossible to
predict nny limit to future progress,
The' question hns often boon raised
us to whether tho extension of byproduct rccovory may not .ultlnmloly
defeat Its own ends, by putting on tho
market such Increasing quantities of
by-products that the supply may ultimately reach or. posHlbly overtake
Iho demnnd, nnd thus forco down tho
jirlcos of thoHo by-products. A careful
Htudy of what has happened In this
VOajim in thu punt :,liu\Vh that, ihoi'o is
very llttlo diuigtu' of HiIh being tlio
mm*. TnklnK sulphntn of ninmnuln nt
being thn principal by-product, wo find
that tlm total world production of sul-
pluitn In I'.iliO was about '150,000 tniiii!
by 1II0H this had Increased to 880,000
Ioiir; while In Ull2 tho total production was 1,300,000 tons,' thn average
tor tho last four years bolng 10, 13, 7
nnd 10.U per cent on thn preceding
Tlm following table shows the totul
production of sulpha to lu the years
1008 nnd 1012 of the,flvo principal sul-
pirn to-producing countries, und also
amount* of milpimto lined in thoso
foil nt iltin In tho Hatii.i yours: —
It will be seen that the United
States, Franco and Belgium consume
moro sulphate than they produce;
Germany consumes 84 per cent of her
large production, while in England the
consumption ls only 24 per cent of the
•production. There ls plenty of room
In somo of the above countries, especially ln England and France, for extension 'of tho, uso of Biilphnto of ammonia,
What has beon attained ln Belgium
will no doubt bo realized in tho other
countrlos, nnd, moreover, tho uso of
sulphate Is constantly extending Into
new areas, rt
The position is much the samo with
reference lo tar, for which now uses
continue to bo found, Apart from tho
fact that'It, Is tho starting point ln tho
nnnllno color Industry. It Is nn excellent liquid fuel, although hitherto It
hns not heen largely employed In tIiIh
respoet., Furthermore, recent trials
have proved Its oxtrnmo suitability for
uno ln iMosol engines, It Is also Increasingly viisod for tarring roads. The
consumption of pitch for briquette-
malting increases considerably - from
year to yonr, while, npnrt from fhnlr
use for crcosotlng mul preserving tlm-
"wr, the IncronHod uso of Inlornnl-coin-
hiisllon engines will result In an In-
iTciiHcd doniniid for tli cho oils as fuel,
especially for murine work, on account
of the groat advantages of liquid fuel
In respect to stowngo and handling
nml higher tlmi'iunl efficiency.
As for benzol, wo nro this moment
beginning to son |t lining very largely
usoil for motor tmotion, and thorn Ih
undoubtedly n gront futuro beforo It
In this rrotpoct. Wo have, then, In my
opinion, every onpourngMnrnt to look
forward to the futuro with nothing
hut confldoneo uh fii'v uh by-products
nre conrornetl.—The Conl nntl Coko
Germany  313,000
Mnslnnd    321,000
United .SlutuH     80,000
r'nuit:u , ,      (.Mint;
llclglum    JS,t»i*.ii
1!» 12
R8 000
RODIN HOOD TO LLOYD GEORGE I of great feudal landed estates avail-1 \
■,*,*.,    fr;
„I,,,Ui,,„,l     t,,ll!
If there bo any truth In tho old say-
Ins that tho loss iho writer knows wf
foreign affairs the moro eloquently ho
•■an write, tho editor of the Milwaukee
Hontlnel has tx long lead over all competitors, After a facetious analogy bt>
i.*«-nn (Uo m«t.liinU of itubln Huutl ntul
Lloyd George, In despoiling tho rich
tli,'  lU.l  U-.UU'il lit  lliu  in,,,I,  ill.- -t.-iUlOt'
In the Issuo of September 8, closes
vrtth the Riatevnent: "Mr. Lloyd
George's method In harrying the (treat
landholders with a conflHt-.»u»ry tax on
the Henry Crane** 'unrarncd Increment* principle, nnd It Is admittedly
not working well, either In point of
ywvenue or sootol service. The conservatives hsve boldly trumped him
with • proposal for making th* surplus
which, If Fifi'tuli experience counts for
anything, would he u ronl ami vitnl
agrarian reform."
The tax on the unearned Increment,
which Is working ho well as tn drlvo
Urltlsh landlords to tho verge of panic,, is iiie otic vital jirlneijile ul taxation. Introduced since the rnpenl of the
Corn Low*,   Tim wuHuilltMl trump play-i
ud  by the Conservntlvein  U nothing
more nor less than a proposition to
transfer to former loimnt«-.i» tho ox-
peiiso of  tho  public—privilege* that
the 9au'i!ANl« ran no lonp*r hn'A.   \* \
remains to bn seen whothor the Mrlt- i
Ith   electorate   Will   Transmute   the
heredity right of the landlords, which
Is pSBiilr/fi under n -cloud, Into lutores-l
bearing government bendt.
To tho Miners' Magazine:
When I came to Butte to tell the
workers of tho,Intolerable conditions
against which tho minora of Michigan
struck, I expected, of courso, In tho
banner union camp, to got a sympathetic nnd nn atlontlvo hearing; and
when I told of the wonderful solidarity of tho Like copper strikers, I little
thought thnt I waB to havo just as
pleasing nnd overy bit ns thorough "a
demonstration of worklng-elrias solid-
nrlty In TJutto ns thnt of which I told
in Michigan. 	
_,,9ll*,*9   *-»••*•*•
I not only got tho sympathetic "ii'iiti*
iittonllvo henrlng but I soon learned
that tho attitude of tho Hit tto workers,
rngardloss of tlio trado or Industry In
which thoy wero employed, was ono of
wanting to know In whnt milliner they
could -best Horvo the ennsq of tho strikers.
T visited most of tlio unions or Unite,
nnd tho roason I did not visit nil, Ih
that my tlmo wiih tno limited to permit mo to do ho, nml my grnntost regret In leaving labor's stronghold Is
that so many unions wore loft unvlalL-
ed by mn,
The Building TrndoK Council appointed n committee to solicit funds
for thn Mlchlgnti Htrlltnrs, nnd sotno
members of this roiumlttnu accompanied tno ou the visits to the unions). Immediately on nur coming to n meeting,
wo worn ndmltletl without any vexatious delays, and I do not know of a
single caso wlioro good rosults did not
follow, In Homo cases theso results
wnro -I'nr grader Hum wo had anticipated und In a mnitnr of which Hullo
tan woll feol proud.
I'raetfcnlly all (ho unions of llu tie
.-a- H,iiu:ii iu wurjviug ior itm i-diiNu ot
Uio .Michigan strikers, and thoy tal.o
the hrnmlnr view that It Ik thoir ftrlko
i") woll ns Hint of Hie minors, nnd Hint
n helping to finance It thoy nro nuik-
I.l,,    ll,    I l|,nnr,»,l    ,,r,„ttl,„     „,,,.,,    ,.
< uro. Thoy realism thut a victory In
Michigan means no danger of an attempt lmlng reduce wages In
Montana tin (.Hint a -defeat In Michigan
will-endanger the security af-conditions which tho organised workers of
flirt Rflpfcy Mountain ttlntrMn, Hi'rm»jrli
their unions, now enjoy.
Ail  Inula* Mui U'ufU »•.-.*.> a iim Uio
deepest interest nnd giving from thoir
treasury and In ;many instances levying assessments, some of which nro to
continue, weekly or monthly, until the
"w bmffr rn***** fi»  Ctvtht  ur.H C«M*
fighting- labor's- battle in Michigan,
and, as' far as this community 'is concerned, it is. determined, that none
shall suffer for -warmth or for lack of
clothing, and' this course ,is 'recommended by the unions throughout the
jurisdiction.  , ",..--,
.The theatres of the city are (being
canvassed, and they are giving a Michigan Strikers' Day, a day which is set
aside for. those on the firing''line, when
the. proceeds shall go for their benefit      -   •     '    ■   -.-,' . . .-   V
Other columns in this1 journal will
give the amounts contributed by the
Butte unions. , Let us hope that the
figures will be an- Inspiration to the
men and women of other localities and
urge them to duplicate the worthy example of the men who have such conditions in Butte, because they deserve
This contribution, would not be complete, without giving due credit to
those whose untiring efforts are in no
smalUway responsible for the splendid
results in Butte. Frank Blgelow, of
the Painters, and president of the
Building Trades Council, Oscar Parte-
low, of Butte Workingmen, secretary
of the Montana Federation, of Labor,
and Bert Riley, president of the Miners, found no task too burdensome, or
no efforts too great, in tlieir purpose
to render the most valuable assistance
to the men carrying on labor's struggle in Michigan, and they can rest assured that their efforts,, are appreciated, and it is the earnest hope of the
writer that the splendid example set
by the united trades and crafts of
Butte, will continue there, the
benefit of all, he emulated elsewhere.
Butte, 'Mont., Sept. 19, 1913."
Agrarian Discontent
*■        i o '
In Canada Today
By Gustavus Meyers
The first fatnt beginnings of middle-
class antagonism to concentrated
great capitalist power are in evidence
in Canada. Antagonism properly describes the situation; it would be farfetched at the present time to magnify
the movement as one of any intrinsic
revolutionary character, even as middle-class movements go. Nevertheless,
considering the long prevailing quiescent, submissive attitude that nearly
all elements in Canada have" taken toward capitalist rule,'the agrarian agitation .now commencing has its social
and economic significance,
sary to review the conditions hitherto
and still prevailing in Canada, the
land of strange contradictions, where,
drugged by theological dogmas, domlii-
ated by church, saturated with ancient
traditions, enslaved ^by •* political
thought, the mass of the people are
only now beginning to-wake out of
their stupor to find that without their
realizing it a great economic revolution has been going on, They see to
their alarm that the 'Trust, system ls
here in all Its power, that mighty concentrations of capital have taken
place, that vast fortunes have heen
created. .  ■*, ■
In other words, Canada presents the
phenomenon of having almost reached
the apex of modern concentrated rule,
yet unlike the United State* this rule
has come about without havutg to encounter a single serious middle-class
revolt. True,'there were laws passed
aimed at preventing combinations, but
nothing moro was done. Such acute
middle-class revolts as the Greenback-
Labor party, tho Farmers' Alliance,
the Populist party and Trust investigations and prosecutions as have succeeded ono another in tlio Unltod
States havo boon' unknown In Canada.
AH of those stages of aggressive middle-class resistance tb' accumulating
Trust supremacy which havo bo mark-
edly clinraetorlsod tho economic struggle lu the United States (luring the
last forty years, have :boon absent In
Tho sudden apprehension of tlio
mlddlo-clnHs elements 'is, Indcod, pathetic nnd in this category thoro must
bo Included tlio whole of the profus-
Hloiuil class and largo lumbers of tlio
working class. <
Porhnps nowhoro In' tho world nrn
the skilled wnrknrs, ns a whole, ho
bourgools In thought, attachments or
views us the nntive Kiigllsh-spenkliig
workors In Catindn, particularly In
l'iistorn Canada, Largo numbers of
thorn own their own homos, or nt least
hnvo tho nomliinl tltlo subject to mortgage, nntl tliolr views.nro nssentlally
tlioHo of tho small property-owning
eliiHB, With Home exceptions, tliolr
ltlonH of unionism nro thoso of thu oh-
soloto nud tlecntlent British trnde unionism of thirty yours ago, For dorados
thoy havo beon content to movo along
the narrow lines not only ofnn old-
tlmo compromising economic action,
but nlso of nnciont theological thought.
Inexplicable ns this may soon, it Is
easily oxplnlnod In n country whero
tho Church hns the mime bigoted dominance as It had In tho United States
n centurv nsro. Tho Intrenched hnld nf
tlm I'rotoHtant churches in Ontario,
.'*ut,* bioti-i una »\uw ilrutiswick is
ttlll poworful and militant; tho clergy
nre lnokod up lo nu the ^rdalned of
heaven nnd onrth, arid pronrh Ihelr
dogmas und demand ohndlonco with-
OUt   tl'tr   l*t  t*rttlli.;ill,.ltnn     Tl.rtnrt   ,.t„,.r«
of froo Inipilry or critical unalysls
which worn common In Franco before
llm French Revolution nnd opldomlc
In the United States fifty yenrs ngo,
have never reached Canada, Even tho
stages of "higher criticism" within tho
Church Itself, nr* still fn enmo; tho
simple^ <iu«»itlonlng of the dlvlno In-
ttplmtlon nf tho nihln rails forth Ihn
ttereoBt d«*nunelMlon, nnd It is considered that thero Ih no grenter opprobrium or Justification of ostrsclwn
than fo be nn "Infittol." Hence tho
sWIIml, property-owning worker too
often M'fk's aWti all thlug« to lie held
In t**ti*<*m ni firing thoroughly plou.*T
and respcctablo, l«k« the church-going
shopkeeper or tlio sllk-hatteil business
man, Bible under arm.
Aa for the Province of Quebec, tbe
theological and economic hold of the
Roman Catholic Church' seems in
more than one respect like a weird
chapter from the period' before the
French Revolution; many of the educated Catholics become atheists or
agnostics, but the proletariat are kept
under control of the priests;' there the
proletariat is a literal one, since the
Church encourages large families, and
it is seldom that a French-Canadian
family w^th few children' is seen.'
Everywhere" the churches teach-
obedience to authority and submissive-
ness to masters.1- These teachings
might not be effective were-therjs._a
such articles: ■ Success-has. attended
both lines of effort, improved methods
of agricultural;;practice are enabling
us to -produce more for "our farms today for a' given" amount of labor, than
we ever could before. .At the same
time, we have more combines in Can-
a'da than our. country*! hitherto, has
known. In consequence, we are paying higher prices for many necessities,"
arid thus we are losing'the benefit of
the increased productiveness of our
farms." , , ;   .
Then followed an exposition of latter-day. middle-class economics,, "Not
all combines are bad," the editorial
went on. "Many ara positively good.
Combines that have "for their.object
the, elimination of waste in the processes of manufacture by such means
as the installation of expensive modern machinery or the reduction of operating expenses, are commendable
and should be encouraged. Especially
is "this the ease when the savings thus
effected are shared ty the public.
,When, however, the men behind these
combines and - mergers use questionable methods .... In order that
tliey may crush out the competition of
weaker concerns, control production
and advance prices to the .consumer,
they become ,dangerous and require to
receive the attention of the public."   -
Other extracts might be;,reproduced
from a large number of similar double-
leaded editorials and articles in the
same periodical, thus showing that the
farmer is giving evidence that he feels
economic pressure. No longer Is the
capitalist magnate'hailed as a sort of
demi-god; that worship, at any rate, Is
beginning at last to be, ciuestloned, ^
, In ^Vestern- Canada'there, ls the
same agrarian1 agitation. .The Grain
Growers' Guide, published^, In Winnipeg, has'been pointing out what it declares to be the great danger of centralized wealth. Iti a recent conspicuous article it announced that 42 men
controlled' $4,000,000,000, or more than
one-third of Canada's total wealth in
railway's, banks, factories, mines, land;
and other resources.- "Democracy is
In *dariger,',' it shrieks in large type.
Its' special objective is denunciation
of the "great Special' Privilege?', by
which the .railways have obtained 56,-,
000,000 acres of land grants and ium**-
dredso'f millions of dollars in.oubsl-^
dies from the'Dominion-government. ■
•By.the same."great Special Privilege,"
it 'agitates, the manufacturers of Can- ;
ada have been enriched by the protective tariff; "What is" the remedy? it
asks, It demands free trade, public
ownership "of utilities/banking reforms and—publicity! "We do ,nbt,
wish to, se9 ihe manufacturing industries destroyed, we wish to -see them
thrive, and .multiply," it says. "And.'
for reasons,which we have previously
set out. in-these columns, we believe
that legitimate Industries, suited to
this, country, by climatic conditions
and natural-resources,.would benefit
rather than suffer by Free Trade." , ,
These are a few of the many tpylcal
expressions of agrarian unrest. It is,
as is obvious, wholly middle class,'in
favor of the continued exploitation' of
the Industrial and agricultural worker,
and, of course, has nothing in.common
with any movement to overthrow capitalism. In the United States such
agrarian movements developed ln. the
crude infancy of the Trusts; Jn Canada, tbe agrarian agitation is just beginning, when the power and machinery of the Trusts are already super-
finely organized to snatch the proceeds of the farmer. Where In the
United States the Trusts, came after
the land had all, or nearly all, been
settled or at least appropriated, In
Canada they are in concentrated, unmolested operation before,much of .the
land, both in the- East and in the
Northwest," has been settled. Undoubtedly this means that, once start- '
ed, .agrarian movements ln Canada
will go through much more,rapid stages before their decay, and the same,
no doubt, applies to industrial middle-
class movements. Meanwhile! although
small In numbers, the Socialist move- <
meut is energetic, and' if It does not,'
allow itself to temporize with middle
class uprisings for the sake^f votes,-,
it' will stand out as a revolutionary
party to face concentrated capitalism
after the middle-class agitations have
come, and gone.—The New Review.
...*- .'i
-' i
general tendency," to read-', real and
thought-stimulating serious works, but
the native Canadians as a whole are in
a more prejudiced and backward stage
as regards the great currents of modern thought and the,developments of
science than even, .one might almost
say, the,rustics of some.obscure New
England village. Their one unfailing
source of Information Is the Canadian
newspaper, and this is almost invariably dull and provincial, and their one
Invariable sourco of relaxation is
trashy fiction or inane, foolish, so-called serious reading.
But this supine state of affairs happily ls being upset by a new factor in
Canadian thought, at least—which the
Church Is powerless to control. This
new factor is the tremendous economic pressure. Even higher than in tho
United States is the Increased cost of
living In most Canadian cities. The
professional classes feel the pinch intensely, The Bhopkeeplng and small
factory middle class look with vast
uneaslnoss upon the great and'arrogant power of tho Trusts. The skilled
laborer not only has to face tho Increased oxponso of livelihood, but to
his umnzomont ho Is suddenly drawing
out, of his enste shell to find that oven
his craft la being abolished hy automatic mnchlnory. The farmer Is bo-
coming disgruntled bocauso of tho
high taxes, high cost of nocossary
tools, nnd tho elntch of tho railroad,
Trust, and bank magnates have upon
him, Discontent ls rifo; smug com-
iHaconcy Is being discarded. It Is a
slow transformative process, but a
deadly Hiiro ono.
The rapid concentration of wealth
was shown recently In nn nrtlclo In
the Ciiiiiulinu Monetary Tlnios. From
.limitary. 1009, lo January, 1013, thoro
woro HO Industrial morgors In Canada,
Tho total authorized capitalization, In-
eluding bonds, of those mergers, wns
$-1(10,11.18.8110. Tho co nmolgiimntlona
absorbed "IS liullvltlitnl compnnlos,
Tho tiggrogatn enpltnllziitloi) of 200
of thoKo Indlvliliinl companies was
approximately $107,2811,1 H2, which
amount wiih lu various ways Incrensotl
upon amalgamation.
Compared with the Unltod mates,
those flgnroH mny not Btwn Impressive, but It Ib to bo romomborod thnt
Cnnadn's population does not excood
Against UiIh -concentration of capital, the farmors nro the first to pro-
tOBt. Thn porlodlcnl Fnrm and Hnlry,
a weekly published In l-liutorn Camilla,
thus roeontly commented! "Whilo wn
farmers havo boon occupied by our ef-
fnrt«l to tnornnfln *tlm Tirnt1ii'«tlv«t(--ir.n nt
our faring, other peoplo have henn tin-
visum inuthutls by means of which
they would be enabled to so control
the prnduollon and distribution of staple produt'tn, that we, ns as oil ns tho
rnst of tho community, would bo fore-
$100 Howard, $100
Tlio 'roAdor-i of IIiIn iwjmr will »>«■•
plounnil to ti'ttrn Hint thero In nt leant
ono (lreiwJfd iIIncoho Unit hcInico lm*
licon nulft to cum In nil Km «tnj(yn, nnd
flint It Cifnrrli. Tfnlfx rnt.-irrliVuV"""
tin. mily jiirHjiivc nitre Tinw known io
tlm medical frnlornliy, Cntarrli twlnir
n eriiiMltutlfmn! illM-nun, ri<>iuli-<-« n mn-
iiiHultonulj trriitmi-iit. Mnllu t.'atnri-h
iJiii-fi m tukcii Inlr-riittlJy, ucllnit t|lr*ci.
ly upon the blood and tnucuotin nurfnc-
p» df tlio nyiitf-m. ttift-t-tiy Aemrayltig
tht, founrisilftn of Hnl din-eft*!*, «nd irlv-
line tlw patient »ii-rnKUi l»v IwlMlnir up
ih» cnittltutlnn and mutating nnturo fn
(Iftliw IU work. Tha vmyirMnr* havr
*n rmifli falUi In ii* *rurniiv« iM*»-<!ra
tliat llit<y offtir On* irun.tM-rf hnl I nrt
iuv miw lam lU«t u iHim m cum. n«nil
for (Ut t-l! i«itim*>wiftin.
Ad.1r«t: K. J. C1IKNRV * CO., Tnt-
ciXn, Oil In.
Hold by all IiriiKRlau, Tie.
Tah« ftallM ranilly nil*, tor eftnstl-
Cemetery Notice
0 '
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery-kept in
good condition'for the season, at: a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with. the. undersigned. ■       '•,' ■ ' 7 .
,  '• Funeral Directors, \; '. ,' V
Stephen T. Humble
Dealer in        N
Hardware; Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE --      '■   ■,       Alberta
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation  In the  Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every   Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALL.AN, Prop.
A   SfiSL]3
Two Acres in
$3oo.oo or
MWi*   M    ___** 4P9k    t
M. A. Kastner
Real Estate and Insurance
■ * ii
'-. :    Established April 1899 ■•..'/"
- "     -'    - -   - a   ir  a ■  y        ;"■''--.";■'■■-■,"-.
Wholesale and Retail   TobUCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
... /,
Influence of Inert Gases
on jnflaikviisable Material
Great Northern
Train for south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for' all easteru wid southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and Chicago without change.
Connection with all lake and Atlantic steamship lines. '       '       '
"BEAL ESTATE 601118 UP?'
- Th8 question ls asked. We
answered: "Look around you
and Bee. ,' ,. ^ '
Investigation Discloses That
Real Eatate Prices Are Advanc-,
I fly i   ••*    »*•    • • •    •••    •••    ••   ••
Are you alive to tlie sltua-
'.tion?   If you are we can!show_
you a place you can make a
big, profit on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
Dirt Cheap.
FSRNlAf^tfi  CZ«
Mrs. S, Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
60c. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 por Day
wore tha FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
sy neorge S Rice
Abstract of Technical Paper of The
"United States Bureau of Mines.
When the Federal mlne^ccldent Investigations were begun it became evident tha* the mining engineers who
investigated mine explosions and. fires
would have to guard against the possibility of secondary explosions; therefore they would have to know when an
atmosphere that they might enter with
breathing apparatus and electric safety lamps was explosive, or rapidly becoming so through the' influx of -methane or the formation of carbon monoxide.
■ In. certain, instances it may be. important to know, ■ in some area in
which ventilation has not been restored following an explosion, whether it
is safe to.admit searching parties or
brattice-men using oil safety-lamps in
case electrl-c safety-lamps are not
In handling mine fires there are
many times when It ts Important to
know whether the atmosphere in the
vicinity Js Inflammable or becoming
so, either through the decrease or, in
some cases, increase of the ventilating
The Information given by the flame
of a safety*-Iamp In the complex gaseous mixtures following an explosion or
introduced from a fire Is not' always
sufficient.' It is true that the flame
shows whether a particular atmosphere ls explosive, but it does not
show the composition of tho atmosphere, and often a lamp can not be
taken into a gaseous mixture, either
because such action would be unsafe
or because the gas has accumulated
behind a stopping and has to be sampled through a pipe. Under such circumstances analysis 6f the mixture affords the only* safe and satisfactory
method of obtaining the, information
desired. .Accordingly, the engineers
engaged In this work were supplied
•with • portable gas-analysis apparatus,
with which analyses could be promptly made in the field. - These analyses
enabled' the engineers to take the
proper action in many cases in which,
without such analysis, they would
have been in doubt; in particular, the
analyses showed whether it was safe'
to continue .work lh eertain atmospheres*]' or whether the men, should be
withdraw from the district or the
mine."      . ,
Presently another problem arose.
The gaseous mixtures were seldom
simply methane and air; generally
there "were other gases present, the
effects of which on the explosibility of
the mixtures were not known, so that
lh the case of some was impossible for the engineer to state whether the' mixture analyzed;was^inert,,
inflammable, or explosive.7 Again, in
fighting some mine fires it was planned to, Introduce inert gases, such as
carbon dioxide or nitrogen, and it was
Impossible, from the data available, to
determine what amounts would . render inert the gaseous mixtures in the
fire area.- 'For these reasons the writer asked the Director of the Bureau of
Mines to have the subject investigated, so that those dealing with mine explosions and fires might be able to decide with greater confidence questions
relating to their control, such as the
erection of stoppings and the reversal
of air current, The investigation was
assigned to J. K, Clement, physicist,
who made the determinations and prepared the essential part of this paper
a year or more ago. The results have
been of such value to the mining engineers of,the Bureau that their publication Is doomed advisable  •
■Tho problems given to Mr. Clement
wero these:—
(1) Assume that after an explosion
In a gaseous mine tho workings con-
tlnuo to glvo oft methane, somo air
enters an area ln which there may bo
latent fires; and an analysis discloses,
say, IG por cont carbon dioxide and It
por cont mothnno. Is tho mlxturo In-
flammn-blo? If It Is not, will tho Introduction of more nlr mako It so?
(2) Assume that, besides, carbon
dloxldo is formed by tho explosion, as
Is generally tho.caso; what offoct will
the carbon monoxide hnvo upon tho Inflammability of a mlxturo that' con-
tnlns less than 15 por cont of motliano?
(3) If a mine flro that Is bolng
senlod Is forming carbon monoxide and
'dioxide, as -wen as distilling methane,
hydrogen", and other gases, in what
proportions with the oxygen, present
will these gases be explosive?
The complement of the latter problem arises when inert gases like carbon dioxide and nitrogen are artificially introduced into a fire area containing inflammable gases, which may be
temporarily .stratified above the level
of the fire. How much carbon dioxide
or nitrogen should be introduced to
render the mixture harmless?
The chief gases in mine atmospheres resulting from explosions and
fires are: Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and the inflammable, gases, carbon monoxide and methane! Hydrogen,
ethane, and other carbureted hydrogen
gases and sulphurated hydrogen are
found, but are generally in such 'minor
proportions that'they may be grouped
with the methane. The proportions of
the five chief gases are variable, so
that the problem of determining the
Inflammability of mixtures becomes
very difficult. Mr. Clement has determined the more important combinations, except those with carbon monoxide, and will take up the study of
these In the near future.
•In the introduction of his continuation of this Technical paper Mr. Clement says:— ;   ■
'Mixtures of methane and air are explosive when, the proportion of methane is not less, than 5.5 and not more
than 12.5 ■per cent by volume. These
limits of explosibility apply when'methane is mixed with normal air containing, when free from moisture,
alboiit 79 per cent nitrogen and 21 per
cent oxygen. If the composition of
the air be moditied by the removal' of
oxygen or by the addition of other
gases, for example carbon dioxide, the
explosive limits of the methane will
vary. The explosibility is then no
longer determined by the percentage
of methane present, but is dependent,
in addition, on the percentages of carbon monoxide, oxygen, carbon dioxide,
and nitrogen present. The object of
the experiment' described in this report was to determine the range- of
explosibility of mixtures of methane
or natural gas with oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.
The results are given in the form of
tables and curves, by means of which
one may readily determine whether
any mixture of these gases, provided
it contains not over 19 per cent oxygen
and its composition is known, is explosive.
In future experiments,it is planned
to extend the Investigation to mixtures
containing carbon monoxide. — The
Coal and Coke Operator.
Use Mice and Birds for
Gas Testing in Mines
•Birds and mice are superior to chemical tests fpr determining the presence
of carbon monoxide in mines, in that
the'test is quickly made, requires no
technical experience, and is sufficiently exact.
•' Two or three mice or small birds
can bo placed in a cage and carried into the mine with an exploring party.
Because' the rate at which chemical
changes occur in them is ernormously
greater than it is in a man they show
symptoms of poisoning far sooner. Dr.
Haldan'e statesthat a mouse weighing
one-half an ounce consumes 15 times
as much oxygen as one-half an ounce
of the human body would consume in
the same time. With 0.1 per cent of
carbon monoxide in the air Dr. Hal-
dane found that about two hours elapsed before giddiness began to appear in
a man at rest, and, according to an
analysis of the blood, exposure for another half hour would have sufficed to
produce practical disablement. A
mouse became giddy in 10 minutes.
With, 0.6 per cent of carbon monoxide
in the air all of the animals tried became helpless in - two -minutes and
rapidly became comatose or died
where a man breathing the mixture
was entirely unaffected after 10, minutes.' An. examination -df"this man's
blood showed that it was one-fourth sa!-
' In experiments at the laboratory Qf
the Pittsburgh station of the Bureau
of Mines, white mice were placed in
air containing the following percentages of carbon monpxlde: 0.16 per
cent, 0.2 per cent, 0.33 per cent, 0,46
per cent, 0.57 per cent and 0.77 per
cent. • The mice were placed under a
tight glass bell-jar, having a capacity
of 10, liters, into which carbon monoxide had previously been introduced,
The atmosphere inside the jar was
thoroughly mixed and sampled twice
during the experiment, the samples being taken from different points in order to make sure that the content of
carbon monoxide was uniformly distributed. The Bamples were analyzed
by combustion of the carbon monoxide
in an apparatus With which duplicate
analyses agreeing within 0.01 per cent
could be performed.,
The experiments showed that in air
containing the smaller percentages of
carbon monoxide the mice ■ displayed
varying degress of^actlvity up to the
time they exhibited pronounced distress. The value of the' tests in exploring mines depends upon the warning
that the mice give while they are be-
ing affected by the carbon .monoxide,
"and it is especially desirable that their
actions should Indicate the presence
of extremely small proportions of carbon monoxide, so that men will have
ample time to retire from an atmosphere that contains such proportions
of the gas. In the experiments it was
found that in small quantities pf gas,
and under like conditions, oue mouse
might clearly exhibit signs of, distress
whereas another might become comatose without showing distress so distinctly. Consequently, in using the
test the mouse should be closely
watched, and a man not wearing
breathing apparatus should retire at
once from any part of a mine where
.the atmosphere distresses a mouse. It
is advisable to carry at least three
mice .at a time fnto a mine, and to
prod them slightly if they remain too
quiet, in order to observe them in action.
When a man exerts himself by carrying heavy objects, climbing ladders,
or running, he consumes in a given
time more oxygen and also moro carbon monoxide than when he rests.
Consequently a man at work might
feel symptoms bf carbon monoxide
poisoning that would not be clearly
shown by a mouse confined in a cage
in the same atmosphere. In an atmosphere containing the small quantities
of carbon monoxide usually found in
mines after explosions and mine fires
a person mny be able to go a long
distance without experiencing much
Inconvenience. On tho -return trip,
however, the symptoms may become
so aggravated that considerable difficulty may be experienced in getting
to the base of operations or to the
Because mice may be sloy in responding to the presence in the mine
air of such small percentages of carbon monoxide as would cause distress
to a man at work experiments similar
to those performed with - mice were
tried with birds. Canary birds were
confined In a bell-jar in atmospheres
containing the following percentages
of carbon monoxide: 0.09 per cent,
0.12 per. cent, 0.15 per cent, 0.2 per
cent, and 0.29 per cent.
After~an exposure of one hour to an
atmosphere containing 0.09 per cent
of carbon monoxide a bird was not affected to such an extent that it would,
if carried' nto a mine, indicate by its
actions the presence of that proportion of' carbon monoxide. Only by
close observation could one detect that
the bird at the end of an hour felt
slightly distressed.
With 0.12 per cent of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere of the bell-jar
a bird did not clearly show symptoms
of being affected. In about ] 5 minutes
it had lost its liveliness, and thenceforth remained comparatively quiet.
The bird did not fall from the perch,
but close observation showed that it
was decidedly weaker .at the end of
the^hour than was the bird placed in
air containing 0.09 per cent of carbon
In air containing-0.15 peT cent of
jjarbbn_monoxide„a„blrd, evinced, symp-*-
toms of slight distress in three minutes.   It   gasped,   gradually   became
weaker, swayed, and at the end ot 18
minutes fluttered from the perch. At
the end of an hour it had not lost all
muscular power, but showed syrnp*^
toms of extreme weakness,
In air containing 0.2 per cent of carbon monoxide a bird showed pronounced signs of distress in one and one-half
minutes.—The Coal and Coke Operator.
The  Dangers of
Tou simply can't be well—that is,
really well—if your digestion is bad,
for your very food may poison you
unless Ll is digested. That is why indigestion (imperfect digestion) is the
root cause of nearly all our minor
ailments and of many serious ones too.
Food should .nourish your body, ana
make -good thu dally waste which -never
stops, bul it can't do that unless your
stomach digests it. No wonder dyspeptic men and women are always weak
and alUn-ST-thcy're sturved and often
poisoned too. Starved, mind you, not
/or lack of food, but because they
don't digest the food they eat. Poison- *
ed, .not by -eating bad food, but bocauso
tn-urt.- -stomachs weak and their
bowels inactive, and so the food they
eat 'ferments nntl gives off poisonous
gases which aro carried by thc blood
stream to every part of the .body. It
is because Mother Seigel's Curative '
Syrup possesses in a remarkable degree tho powor to tone, strengthen and -
regulate the action of the digestivo
organs—tho stomach, liver and bowels
—chat It Is still, after forty years' testing, tho best known and most successful remedy for indigestion, constipation,
biliousness and -the many distressing
ailments which are traceable to a weak
or disordered condition of these' Important organs. Success breeds imitators, and 'there aTe many so-called
substitutes for Mother Seigel's'Curative Syrup, but none of them contain ,
the combination of more than ten
herbal extracts -upon which the restorative and curative value of Mother
Seigel's Curative Syrup depends. If
you suffer from indigestion,0 and wish
to give Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup
a trial, be sure you get the genuine <
Price 91.00.  ' Trial size BOc.     '   ,
For sale by
Bar supplied with  the  liest Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
Theatre,   Fernie
one night only Thursday, Oct. 16
A Mayo Bradfleld offers the Great Hoyt Theatre Comedy
Bocauso thoy aro THE DE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
f  '
Thomson. & Morrison.
Funeral Directors Ferule, B. C.
Local Aeenta
Order* titkatn ttarouflrhout th« Pan*
An eminent scientist, tho othor day,
gave Ills opinion that tho mont won*
dorful dlsoovory of rocont yoari was
tho discovery of Zam-Buk, Just
think! Aa soon as a slnglo thin luyor
of Zam-Buk ls appllod to a wound or
a Roro, buoIi Injury li Jnaurod agalnat
blood poison! Not ono apoolos of
mlcrobo has boon found thnt Znm-Bulc
doca not kill)
Thon ngaln. Ah soon aa Zam-Bulc
la appllod to a soro, or a out, or to
eltln dlaoimo, It stops tho smarting,
That ls why -children nro such friends
of Zam-Buk. Tliey caro nothing for
tho aclouco of tho thing. All thoy
know <1b (thnt Zam-Buk clops thoir'
pain. Mothora should novor forgot
thia, "• •
Again. As soon as Zwu-Bulc la appllod to a wound or to a diseased
part, tho colla beneath tho akln'a sur-
faco aro bo stimulated that Aim
UD&tuiy iwaue la quickly formed, This
formlntf at fresh heuftby ilunuu /turn
below \% Zam-Buk'a secret of healing.
The tissue thus formed la worked up
to tho .surface and literally casts ott
tho diseased ttosuo above it. This is
why Zam-Buk curoo aro permanent.
Only t?i*5 clUc *!*..' Hi, }Ut*;», al
101 Dolorlralor Ave., Moatreal, called
upon tho Zatn-Buli; Company and told
thorn that ior over twonty-flvo ycara
ho *ad been a raortyr to cciema, His
hands ver* at one tlmo so covered
with lores that ho had to Bleep In
glovea, Foul yoari tgo Zam-Buk was
introduced to Mm. and In tx few
tnontha u cured Mm, To-day-over
thrw» ymn after hia cure of a, disease
ho had for twenty-five years—he Is
atlll cured, and has bad no trace of
any return of the ecrenia!
AU drugtf ita ull Zam-Buk at BOc
boi, or we will send free trial box it
you tend thia advertisMaent and » lc
atamp (to pay return jMatate). Address Zam-Buk Cow Toronto,
>„..-*)«* :* ~.,f    -....^   94944l,99^m9i9mm49li9U'94t*9,i&*.,,9/fm*&'tr*.*r*99'    »*Wt<ll>«li I «llj»*'|| lljjfti
Prices t   75c, $1.00 4fe $1.50 «> P&AN  AT   SUDDABY^S
:,-« -'
©fe Sisititi £&$& -; „ Ay
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
.per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
■for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
otic -mongers who hate anything in the shape of
unity and strength among the workers. To thein
the.,,differenees, trivial" though they be, that may
occur at such times among, gatherings, of labor, men,
are meat, and that they should seize same and make
all the capital they can ne'ed not disturb any worker
who realizes his position.
Tlie Trades and Labor Congress, which has been
meeting for the last few days at'Montreal, has just
completed a very important session, the benefit of
which, we trust, will be apparent to the worker in
Canada during the coining winter.
According to evidence given before a select committee of the Dominion Government at Ottawa last
April, by Fred Bancroft, vice president, the Trades
and Labor Congress had a membership of 70,000 in
the Dominion, and represents in the affiliation of
its central bodies some 150,000 persons. This was
some six months ago nnd it is safe to estimate an
increase of at least 10 to 15 'per cent from tliat
' date.
Among its members are included every expression of race, creed and political view; it is the most
representative body in the Dominion today, although slowly but surely the members are straying
from the thraldom of old fashioned party politics
and uniting in one solid phalanx upon the'Labor
This change, like all other upheavals,5 is not being
accomplished without a struggle.   Those who have
so long swayed and prejudiced thc workers' mind
are loath to let him escape and they find one of the
most effective methods to retain control is to sow
distrust and jealousy among the workers—to persuade the rank and file that their leaders are not
fitted to lead; that they are grafters and place seekers; that they hold office not through any executive ability but simply because' they are  crafty
enough to secure the easiest job.   This being the
case, it will be understood' how readily the press
seize the most trivial expression -of discord that
will arise from time to time, and especially on such
"occasions when we have gathered together so many
workers' of varied political and religious opinions.
~~Whatris~more~natnTal~than~th at*"tliese™m en~sho uld
differ?   And what is more natural as a result of
difference expressions should be heard not altogether, complimentary?   In the Federal house during the last sessidn members got so hot and obstinate that for weeks they hurled the most abusive
epithets at one another, prefacing their remarks, of
course, with "My honorable friend!"  The worker
does not recognize this shallow sophistry and when
he has an opinion will express same with a candor
and directness that may bc offensive to the sensitive ears of tlie fastidious,   The attitude of the
press towards the worker when he differs is, to say
tlio least, very inconsistent, but rendily understood
by the intelligent worker.
The worker .knows'unity is strength, whether on
tlie industrial or political field; and tho capitalist
press know that disunion among the workers is victory, for capitalism nnd the perpetuation of the
present system, To combat tliis we have to educate
the worker to a consciousness of his position or
class. Whon tho master class begin to pat labor
leaders on tho back and comment upon their ability, this is tho timo whon wo should become suspicious, not whon they belittle them. The union official is'compelled to be hostile; his views are and
must be opposite to the master class, olhorwiso he
is not serving those who pny him. Let the worker
nlwnys benr in mind Mini: those wim nre not: with
liini are against him-,'there cnn be no hull! measure
or compromise, and when ho hns absorbed this then,
nnd then only, will he bo conscious of the difference iii'his position nnd llie muster. Then he will
know that every attempt, In ridicule liis union lender is not uu attempt, to secure the best mnn, but nn
attempt to miflt the' more nggressivo element und
replace same by those who will servo tlio friends of
llie master class..
To revert to the Trades and Labor Congress. This
comprises the bulk of trado unions in Chnnda and
while wo inay hoar tho Island conl operators pining
nnd whining for n "Cnniidinu" union, we railizo
only too well tho cant nnd hypocrisy of thoso pnlri-
There was a time when men who joined the state
militia entertained the opinion that there was honor and glory in donning the' uniform of a soldier.
There was a time when even the vast majority bf
people looked upon the soldier as a man who was
animated by high and lofty impulses, but in this
day and age when soldiers are converted into strike
breakers to serve the interests of Mammon, there is
no fair minded or intelligent man who can honestly
pay a tribute to the man who wears the trappings
of the military.
When we see hired thugs and paid assassins of
corporations backed in their brutality by the bayonets of the soldiery, it becomes easy to reach the
conclusion that thc soldier has become a fit associate aud companion for the salaried brute who
"shoots to kill,"
In West Virginia the cold-blooded degenerates
on the pay roll of the Baldwin-Feltz agency were
reinforced in their infamous work by the military
power of the state, and in Michigan the Waddell-
Mahon hirelings have been ably supported in their
hellish outrages against men who are fighting a
battle against death through slow starvation.
Every effort is being made to strengthen the militia, of every state and to increase the army and
navy,. but regardless of the beautiful verbal pictures that are drawn portraying the life of the soldier, yet, there is lately being manifested a strong
reluctance on thc part of young men to wear tlie
livery of the armed power of state or nation.
Men are recognizing the fact that ravenous greed
is demanding the support of bayonets and gatling
guns for its continued supremacy. Men in every
conflict between labor and capital are beholding
the soldier arrayed upon the side of wealth and in
the name of "law and order" justice is strangled
to death in order that heartless exploiters may glut
themselves upon the dividends wet with the life
blood of ill-paid slaves.
An' industrial system that is maintained by military might is doomed, and the time is coming when
the brawn and bone of a nation will refuse to wear'
the garb of the soldier to suppress labor in its war
against economic slavery.—Miners' Magazine:"
and not of a'few, and wish tb say$iir-
th£r that no action of mine ' wgilst
holding League secretaryship cari'ever
be ph'own that.I have\.been partial, to
any club or-individual in connection
with, the business of the League. I
might "add one 'other little instance
which has occurred in connection with
this matter,-just to show this''Sport
Follower and others interested in tha
doings of the League secretary. After
the meeting held in Blairmore; when
it was desired to replay the match in
Blairmore, an unfounded report was
spread amongst that Coal Creek supporters to the effect that I, had given
the casting vote as chairman for the
match'to,be replayed in Blairmore;
ahd as a matter of fact I did not have
a casting vote, as the vote of the flom-
mlttee decided the matter. This rumor. Is still current amongst the people
of Coal Creek. I only mention this incident in order that ■ Sport Follower
reports which are groundless is very
apt to work an injustice on others
even in football matters.
I trust this' explanation will at least
prompt Sport1 Follower in the future
to be a little more'charitable even to
the secretary of the Football League.
Sec. C. N, P. Football League.
NewS;6f.[$Jt% District Camps
s (Continued from Page 5). Z1      J :  -„
Some of you workers have had an advance in
pay. The capitalists have been growling-about how
the wage bill has gone up. You have struck for
higher pay. Sometimes you got it, sometimes you
TIIE MASTERS WON OUT. For'the, cost of-living has been going up faster than your wages.
Statistics show that food which cost on an average
$1.00 in .1900 cost $1.11 in 1905 and $1.51 in l\)12.
From August, 1912, to August, 1913, .prices advanced three points.. So unless you are getting
over half as much again as you got in 1900 you are
worse off than you were then. Your masters raise
a great outcry against you for demanding more'
for your labor power. But they take the benefits
of the, increased prices they, get for what they sell
and call it "prosperity." Prosperity to thorn" means
you are the goat. As soon as you have had
"enough" realizing what your masters arc, you
yourselves.—Cotton's Weekly,
will seize the political power nnd make laws for
Moro than prefunctory expressions of approval
have followed the appointment of W. A. Macdonald, K. 0., to the Supreme Court Bench; Mr. Macdonald's professional standing, nnd attainments
are beyond question, and he brings to tho judicial
position nn unusual knowledge of business matters
nnd quite an experience in compensation law, It
will be remembered that Mr, Macdonnld acted ns
counsel for District, .18' in the snow-slido eases nnd
wns successful in securing compensation for the
The British Govr-nimcnt, it is snid, will not, prosecute Sir Edward Cnvson for treason because they
did not wish to popularize him or his I'liuse. Tt is
romnrknble thnt tho snmo fear does not nuimnte
tho B, O, Oovei'iinionl, but possibly they desire lo
populiirizo llu'iiisolvcH by persecuting union men.
Tn n lelogrnm from Robert Foster this week he
stales tlmt most of the accused have been in jail
for soven woeks, during \yhieh time they hnvo eom-
plnined ol! unsuffieioney of food, Ihe bad quality of
it, causing sickness nnd distress nniong thorn. Conditions iu Russia alono could ix|tinl those nl present
existing nt Nanaimo,
VI A  I h Wn I* IY1 I
1 Jfc
In order that thoro may iio no questions ruined Inter on, wo
if t ah in iii tin iincn tVit nn nnr«nn rnnni«rli»f1 with Mir ntnri*. nr nnv
member of their families, will bo allowed one piano vote. Wo positively will not eell theso votes. Ono single voto cannot be pur-
ehaeed from im nt any price. Wo am going to give tha bountiful
$400 Upton i»nrior Orand Piano now on exhibition at onr morn to
tho person presenting to tm tlio greatest number of Piano Votw
nix January aint, 1914, AUSOLUTHLY FIIBB.
For v/itvj c«nt of your purchiwc of anything lu our titoro, you
aro entitled to ono Plana Votfo.
Vour* faithfully,
Druggist and Stationer - Fernie, B. C.
(Continued from pngo ono)
Hliouhl nt Iciuat »co that to ulrculato
Mint I liml rocolved a lottor from Conl
Crook, ako a phono cnll from their
v,.<nt.r •** <»•>, H>.,      T    nl 1 i      .    . i-
'•'    ■ i • "   "   "•   * *'t'J    "'
which will Um found bolnwl, ntntlnp;
most omphntlcnlly tlmt thoy did not
Inn-nil to ko to Blairmore on tho Wod-
m-Mlay and further stated that Uio
mutlnr of Conl Crook refusing to pluy
would bo tov tho consideration af tlio
WiiM»» V-.UllinilU.VHS rtl Uwif  1111X1. IliHt-l-
Ing on 4tli Oct, I nlso got Into com*
imtnicatlon with othor Albortn camps
and gnvo the name Information, know-
Inn full well that It would save tho
football onthUBlaats a futile journey to
Hlnlrmoro, I would llko to know what
action thin particular Spurt Kolloww
would have taken If ho had been
l.iuimm MU'-uUiy, I iim I'iilUui' (udtu-
od to think tlmt ho would have remain-
od silent until th* Coleman team and crowd had gathered from the sur-
rounding c*rop* itt nialrmore. and
then explained tbat Coo,) Creek had
refmed to play. I want to lay, how*
over, thnt my actions wrre prompted
to serve the Interests of the majority
Sept. 22, 1513.
A. J. Carter, Esq.,
Secretary C. *N. P. Football League,
•Dear Sir,—We, the committee aad
players of Coal Creek Football Club
were very much surprised' to learn
from our League representative that
an emergency meeting of the C. N, P.
•F. Ij. was held after the game at Blairmore on Saturday last to decide where
the replay should take place. But we
were more surprised when he told us
we had to return to Blairmore on the
24th to play the undecided tie.
We offer a suggestion on behalf of
our own supporters and the football
supporters of this end of the football
area. I
Blairmore and Fernie grounds were
the two which went into the hat;
Blairmore got the game, which was
fulfilled and, resulted in a draw. It
•Is here that we think tiiere was a mistake made. Why was1 Fernie put in
the hat at all if all games were to be
played at Blairmore? We feel that
there was not sufficient time spent' in
considering this replay, owing to the
fact that it was near train time and all
parties had their hands full with money matters from the gate receipts.
Do all parties concerned think'it fair
that our supporters .should charter
special coaches to travel to Blairmore
to see their team play and then, when
a draw takes place, they cannot have
the opportunity of seeing the replay at'
the next place on the list, Fernie.. -We
therefore, in the interest of sport, ask
you to let this tie lie over and get your
committee, at your next meeting, Oct.
4th, to reconsider the case and see .if
'tKey^ave~ae'ciQel5_right"'or-wrongL:—Inthe meantime we will go on with the
Crahan Cup "competition and'wait the
decision of the Executive Committee
on the 'Mutz Cup replay.
Yours respettfully,
-WM. RD. puckey,:1        ;,'
Treasurer C, C. F.C.
P. S.—'We ask for reconsideration
on tho following grounds, namely, that
Blairmore was not entitled to a vote
at this meeting as the Blairmore club
Is now defunct. We also consider Lt Is
a deliberate attempt to freeze Coal
Creek out of the 'Mutz Cup competition. Furthermore, the Executive's action la not calculated to foBter the
spirit of football 'in the Crow's Nest
■Pass, as everyone'Interested ln football knows that In' the event of a- draw
taking place in a final tie, the replay
.takes place elsewhere We are writing Coleman and wish you to notify
the referee and Blairmore and Coloman.
people, because" the "Inconvenience
that we nave already, experienced is
sufficient complaint. A person during
the winter months does not appreciate
walking from here to Burmis or Hillcrest, a distance of.about three "miles,
when the temperature,,is,,reading 30
or 40 below zero. -By all; means present a petition and do something.
The Observer, In reading the paper
one day, noticed a letter signed H. Elmer, Michel, with reference' to a protest advocated by the' B.?:C. Federationlst—Down tools for 48 hours In
British Columbia. Personally I am
perfectly- in accord with their views
on the presented situation, but I cannot conceive in my mind what is the'
reason that we, have not been given
the- same privilege of protesting
against McBride's Saturday night soldiers in this province ahd the adjoining provinces. Does all the working
class of the Dominion reside In B. C?
I should say not. Wnat is detrimental
to the mine workers of Vancouver Island is detrimental to the workers at
large. It nevertheless seems to be a'
very hard proposition to" voto on.
Mr. J. Muir, of Betiver Creek ranch,
was in town on Monday with a heavy
load of products endeavoring to glvo
them away. b Tough all right.
Mr. W. Fraser, of Blairmore, was
visiting here on Sunday. Come again,
old timer; you are always welcome.
Mr. Joseph Foxson, ari old timer
around this -burg, who two weeks ago
left for Baynes, B. C, is-back again.
No 'Baynes for me, says Joe. Maple
Leaf for the hard black diamonds. Go
to it, boy.
The Davenport Coal Company, Limited, has decided to shut down tight,
they say, 'for-one week, but we cannot depend on everything we hear. As
far as the "Observer" is concerned, In
his opinion the Coal Company officials ' themselves cannot state definitely for how, long the colliery will be
idle. ,
'Mrs. H. Smith, accompanied'by Mrs;
R. Heap, of Burmis, were visitors at
the Bellevue Hotel on Sunday last. It
is not often that we see you, but come
again;  > ■
T. G. Harries says that he is out of
a job at Burmis; all union men and no
strangers been given employment.
Cheer up, .boys, conditions will not always be a'bnormal. The next boon?
.will be a Burmis boom.
- We want the readers of the Ledger
to guess who is the person that al-
ways'.borrows a saddle and then lets it
out on hire. It sounds cheap, but nev-,
;ertheless it is true.,, The m'aJn that
' owns a saddle is forced to borrow a
buggy, not being in any way "desirous
of riding bareback,' when his property
is.around Beaver.Mines.
Coming to Grand Opera House Thursday, October 16th
The much talked about Hoyt Thoatro comody success, "A Bacholor's
Honeymoon," undor tho management
of A, Mayo Brndfleld, will bo tho offering at tho Orand Thoatro on Thursday, Oct. iflth, i
Bonjamln Uacholor. possessed of a
Hiatal', i.Mlnervn, who Is Ills moral guar-
lilim, marries an actrosa named Juno
.loyco, on tho Bly. Bachelor's two
daughters and Minerva think he Is
away from homo, .but ho returns with
his nowly marrlod wlfo, who Ib undor
tho Impression that ho hns no chll-
dri'ii, Juno In Introduced to Minerva
aa a governess and tho situation gets
moro tangled than ovor, Dr. Ludwlg
Schwartz, a friend of tho family, np-
pears to hnvo known Juno boforo, nnd
Mliiorvn'n grlof nnd confusion at tho
part hor brother Is plnylnR causes hor
to plnco horsolf nnd Ilncliolor In
mourning, nil throo of thorn making
np thoir minds that.thoy will know
Bacholor as a relative no moro. Stephen Houston, a vory busy man, who
trloB to mako hurried mnrrlngos, ami
Anthony Humbug, n prlvnte dotoctlvo,
add greatly to tho gonornl humor and
confusion of Mlnorvn.
Mr. Kddlo O'llrlen will ho soon In
the part of "nndiolor" nnd MIbh Robo
Alnswbrth ns "Juno .loyco," Thoy arc
nnpporlod by a company "of woll
known plnyors, Including Mnn'iiol Cns-
/,                      r,         , ,,           it*          *             I       *W*\
*t4i.\J,   ^Lutj|t;   IjV..«.«-,,, J,   V...W.. .vw   «> »
Mnwm, •Tr.h'n ITnrt. T,ottMo T>nrrn(».b nnd
tho Tlnrnnrd Rlstors.
A spocinl train will run for tho conveyance of Coal Creok residents.
self, "'Y' , \}-;'   -  '■'.*. '
/ is moved" with' the concord of.
/> sweet sounds,   .-.  '■"'•       »    , .
fit  for- treason,   stratagems" and
spoils. ' '   ,  _   _,
The motions'of his; spirit are dull as
' „ nl^ht,    '.-   • ''7 .7     -x.
And his affections are dark as Erebus,
Let no such man be trusted. ' '■.-'■
Of oourse, seeing that • we are cosmopolitan to the core, and that almost
every civilized country iu the world is
represented in our camp, we would not
say that such a creature could not be
found in o'iir midst, but if so they are
few and far between. The concert was
opened .by a-musicat selection on- the
accordlan by W. Brown, late of Corbin; then a solo by Mrs. McVicar,
whilst H. Drew, iL. Bevens" and Mr,
Collins -contributed to the harmony.
A duet by the sisters Slcotte was well
received, whilst a violin solo by Jack
Crawford, accompanied on "the piano
by, Mrs. McVicar, was a musical treat.
As a disciple of Paderewski 'Mr. Crawford has few of. any equals In this part
of the province. The star turn, however,' was unquestionably tho musical
selections on the bandonlum by August Boguseh, This instrument, which
accompanied Its owner from the Fatherland, is in' appearance like an
over-grown accordion, but Is capable
of producing all manner,' of sounds
from that of soft staccato of the violin
to the wild and wierd groans of a
church organ. His character song and
quaint get up also created roars ,of
laughter. ^ The dance waB a still greater success. Young and old of both
sexes tripped It on the light fantastic
to the music of Mr. U. and Miss Slcotte and the bandonlum^ by Mr.-Go-
guseh until 2 o'clock next morning.   '
Lost, stolen or strayed from Beaver
Mines, on or about Sept. 25th, a barn
boss, branded I. L, on whiskers which
he now wears shaved off. Any person
giving such information to iMr? Torpy
as will enable him to produce the
missing man on the screen will be'
rewarded with a good night's free entertainment at the Pioneer Picture
Hall,'a free feed of corn at the barn,,
and a night's doss with the gee gees.
Mr. T. Lussier, barn boss, Beaver
Mines, has been missing since the
early part of last week. He left a wife
and family behind to enjoy the pictures and sing "Has anybody' here
seen daddy?"
The 'Rev. Father. Demeers, Catholic
priest, Pincher' Creek, spent Saturday
.night at.iBeaver Klines and celebrated
Holy Mass here "on Sunday morning.
The rev.- gentleman, who was the
guest of' Tom Moore, merchant,. intends visiting'Beaver and cele-brating
Mass' on the fourth Sunday in every
month. -
theHth inst-at Ooleanan/      - ,.,.-,
Mr. Edward Copeland had tha mis*- .'fp
fortune to.get a'rusty nail In his foot" ty
It a day or so before lie will be - ' '„
able to'work,;.\"■"" ■ . i ,,' .'-"•■"■'
; Mrs.-Hamilton, of Lethbridge, Is vis- . -■-
lting In camp,,the guest- of Mrs. Dr. "•;" ■
McKenzie.     -.-",,'        * ' -; "-
'Mrs. Thomas Boyle, Who has been- in   ■   .■
the hospital  with, typhoid  fever,  is      :'
again out and able to be' around. '   °
r,Mrs. McKenzle's mother, from .Toronto, is visiting-In, camp.  She arrived-
on' Sunday ahd intends staying a few ""
days.       ,, " ' ■      ri..   . '    -    . ;
:Mr. E. 'Bridge, who has been on a
business trip to Creston, B. C, returned to- cartfp on Sunday night1 -
Th© Order of Owls held a meeting-. ',,<?
on Sunday night and.E. W. Christie y
■was delegated to visit Coleman on  ',1V
Tuesday,   They anticipate having au-\,
other meeting Thursday night ?    ,
The Rev. Irwin left camp on Sunday night for High ORIver, where he Is    v
going to deliver a series of lectures
during the week.
. , The chicken season op'ened on Wednesday and quite a big crowd of the
sports are out shooting. -
'Mr. Harry Fisher met with a slight
accident at the Hillcrest mines. He
was brought- home to Bellevue after
the doctor fixed him up.'
♦ ♦
Port AHinrnl senms to be ono of tho
livfi propositions on Vancouver Island,
and nrnordlng to a Vancouver «x-
chango thn first stages of the proposition of tliu IlltchlQ-Agnow Power Com*
imny to irencnitn current at Stamp
Falls and ttuppiy power and light in
bulk to tlm city hsve been completed.
This is ami of tho host propositionu on
the Island and as several mine workers from this t nd of the P»»a have migrated to town we »h«H be pleased to put would-be purchaser* In com-
tnuRlttkttan with them vt thit they
may obtain Hmthitntt unit reliable Information on any real cittnto huy* thoy
contemplate. n
"There are, kind hearts everywhere," the poet tells us, but there
are few places where genuine kindness, unassumed charity, and kind actions performed for the sake of relieving distress than at Beaver Mines.
A week last Sunday Dr. Connor, Pincher Creek, called the attention of the
officials of the miners' Local to the
fact that a miner named Bob Mllligan,
who was recovering from fever, and
accompanying him, the doctor, to Pincher Creek hospital that afternoon,
was leaving behind him In the camp
a wife and four children who wore in
need of assistance. John Lougl'iran,
secretary, and J. Barron, president of
the Local, at onco Investigated the
case, and found what the doctor snid
was unfortunately too' truo. A small
commltteo was formod noxt morning
with Harry Drow as socrotary, whilst
Messrs, Loughran and Barron, nftor
getting a subscription from each of
the commlttoo to head tlio list, waited
upon tho tradesmen nnd merchants of
tho town. Thoir nppcal, howovor, mot
with such a ronily response that In-a
few hours thoy wero not only in apos-
ltlou to hand ovor to Mrs. Mllligan
Riifflclont cn'flli to moot, her Immediate
needs, but nlso a good supply ot gro-
oot'los, vogotablos, butcher ment, fruit,
olc, with which to lino tho pantry. An
nttompt to Blnglo out nny of tho donors for Individual pralacr would bo difficult; suffice It to sny that tho official namrd novor <md with a refusal,
and thnt tho subscriptions, whothor
In cash or kind, woro all glvoii with
good grace Hpoclnl thankB, howovor,
nro duo to Messrs, Torpy & Camoron,
who not only gnvo a subscription, but
nlso gnvo tho froo uso of tho Plonoor
Hall for a bonoflt encort nnd dnnco on
tho following Tuosday ovonlng. This
offor was gladly nccepted and tlckots
at HO conts onch put upon tho market
nt onco, Tlio throo flro bassos, Messrs,
J. Crawford, T, Dnvles nnd J. .Prontlcn,
woro responsible for Rolling most of
tho tlckots, and, considering thnt for
tho pnst two months sovoral of tho
moa worn practically Irlln, tho fnct
thnt about fflO.OO was ronl toed botwoon
tho subscription list and tho cntor-
tnlnmont was vory crodltablo to nil
concerned. Tho concort, although
somnwhnt short, was n groat success
In splto of tho fact that Homo of our
host singers woro suffering the usual
Utili   tuiiit,    wiiitai   UUItJU   Ul   i.lU   Until'
riOTi-Nfi-Mon T"rr(> villi njipnrrntV.' mt*
forlng from thn effoetR of Inst wook's
smoker. Mr. Norman Morrison, treasurer for tho company, prosldod, ami
in a brlot speech oxplalncd the objects
for which wo mnt that evening, vlx.,
lo bonelu n neighbor who ut jtresMit
nooded assistance. 1'When tho unlpn
officials took this matter up," wild tho
chnlrman, "we all copsldered It our
duty to assist them in so worthy nn
object, nnd ns mnny cnn help ono
much easier thnn one can holp, the
receipts Irom tnnlght'* entortnlnmnnt,
will, no doubt, materially assist, for a
Unit* ul Uia*»l, tha. UiivUy (ur wltuttw
benefit it was got up." (Applause).
As the program was somewhat impromptu, none of ihe singer* brought
their ramie, and were, therefore, At a
dlfttdvftntaire, got there wae harmony
galore. Shakespeare, in the Merchant
of Venlee—flhylock-Hwys:
The man that hath no masle in him-
Mr. Moody 'returned  to' work', qu.
Monday'after spending an'enjoyable
week in Calgary. Tom is looking all
the better for' the outing.
Marshal and 'Mrs. Hamilton, son and
daughter-in-law of Wm. Hamilton, late
pit boss, were presented with a baby
boy towards the end of lastweek, but
the baby died, the following day. The
parents, however, took their bereavement as good Christians should. "The
Lord gaveth and the Lord taketb
awayv,, Thy will be done,", was the
spirit with; which they met their trouble.
Owing to the water from the wells
supplying the residential' part of the
town being considered Impure, Ed.
Join attempted to solve the problem
toy supplying aqua pura from tho creok
to the houses at two bones per,month.
As. Ed*, had to hire a team and wagon,
he found it was not a paying proposition. iBosidoB, tlioro woro complaints
that tho' transparent fluid was more
aqua than pura, owing to portions
from Slav town forming a close relationship with tt.   . .       ■
Harry Graham has taken over the
contract and Is now supplying water
from tho croolc above Slav town. Of
coui-bo thiH Is only a tompornry remedy until tho pipes nro laid from tho
spring to tho houses.
(Received too late for publication last
•   week.) '
■Miss Sarah Thomas  left  here  for
Fernie,   where   she   intends   having ,
quite a  stay visiting her numerous
. .Mr.,and M-rs. Thompson, from Elko,
were here on a,visit extending from
Monday last until Tuesday night.
'Mr. Ed. Thomas^ is here again with
us and working at -Passburg. Ed. has
be<$n away quite a while and has been
greatly missed, especially, with the
boys of the Male Voice Party, and we
are all pleased to see him back again.
' A chicken supper was the chief part
of the .program that was gone through
at the home of Mr. and airs. Knowles
last Tuesday evening.- However, the ■
conclusion was well appreciated by all
and the boys present enjoyed a right ,
good time. a ■    ' *
We are told that the farmers are
going to reap a fine harvest this year.
Possibly it is coming to the farmers. 4
However, we have not any-facts to ,
darid yet as,to whether they will -be
able to sell it or; not.
■   There seems to^be quite a number
of the boys leavings-hero these days,
No. 1 mine does not seem to be quite
rich enough to hold the boys for long,
hence they quit, i '" • . 7    '-.■■
The washhouse is going up In good  ,
shape, the roof being on already and
it is supposed that the boys will be
Christmas/"     - ' "
'Mr. Wllllnm Hanson, an old tlmor'of
tills cnnip, was visiting frlonds on Snturday.
Mrs. a. T. Humble wiih a Blalrmoro
vlfltor on Sntiirdny ovonlng.
Tho now brick block It! to be occu-
plud by .Inmos Naylor nnd Mr. A. I,
Dials. Thoy aro expecting to bo in
tliolr now stores somo tlmo noxt week,
which will bo two of tho finest stores
In town,
Tho citizens of this cnmp who wnro
Interested In n skating rink hold a
mooting In tlio Englon' Hnll on Thursday night. A conuhlttoo was appointed to look up a slto nnd soo whnt nr-
rangomonts could bo mndo for lighting. 'Thoy will roport at tho next moot-,
Mr. Thomas Ijqo, who hns been in
cnmp for somo tlmo past, loft for tho
town of Monarch, whoro ho Intonds
opening up n pool room.
'Mrs, Jnmns Cnllnn nxpocts to bo occupying the ho ii ho lntnly erected for
her by Mr. Jnko Whoolor.
Mr*. 01inrli»«i Ourrnwn i« Tinw occupying tha house vncntod by Mr.
inonuia Lee.
Tlio Colomnn football team were visitors here on Saturday in tho semifinal fur tho Crabnu Cup. Tho gnme
was n vory fast ono from stnrt to
j.m-fiii,    juih Vi U'mi   uuuiiix'* .Stive*  *.-j.*J.
opening of game Coloman scored the
first goal, and the first half finished
Coloman 1, Bellovue 0. The second
half opened with a fast dash for tbe
nellovue gonl -by the Coleman boys,
but tho ball was soon on the Coleman
cud and «a» neatly pUced In the gc&l
by J. Hutton. The referee disallowed
tuiil. Tho IJcIlcvuc boys went at It
for all thoy were worth and thoy succeeded In finding tbo net, This evened matters up. As the result of «
fracas two men were ordered off tbe
field and the game ended In a draw.
The referee's' decision was not over
popular and mneto tdverse ciUklsm
wae heard. Tbe teams meet again on
It was feared that there would be a
stoppage at the mines last week end
owing to the breakdown which occur-,
red to the tipple. However, by the
combined efforts of the men working
on. the job, the mines were kept'going.
Quite a number ot the Burmis miners may be seen around the mines
herfl offering their power for sale. The
lot of miners cannot bo an envious
one, seeing that in order to got a little to eat he has to leave his old
camping grounds before he has barely
rested a couple of days.
, Steve 'Magdail, ln addition to the
painting which ho has done of lato,
has also built a flno 'basement to his
placo, tho result being a smart substantial building,
Mr. Hamilton, general manager, Is
now away on business, leaving at tho
beginning of the weok. Mr. J. Thomas ls In charge,
.J. Roskl mot with nn accident nt
tho mines horo on Tuesday last. While
coupling somo cars together, In somo
inmccoiintablp mnnnor his bnnd was
caught botwoon tho enrs, badly crushing one ot his flngors to tho extent
that lt wns necessary for Dr. Boll to
put quite a numbor of stitches thore-
in. „However, wo trust that you will
soon bo nil right again, John,    /
'Billy Plcton, tho oldtimor from
Frnnk, was vlHltlng his many frlonds
horo at Pnssburg on Sunday lust. Bill
seems to have qttnlnod a rather solemn npponrnnco of Into, (\Vlwt Is It,
Bill, a lovo affair?).
Dan Plcton docs not think ho will
stay much longer on IiIh ranch. If ho
could only got a buyer ho would probnbly pull out for flolds now.
Mr. Snm FIshor roportB that his fn-
vorlto black stood, which hnB won
fame ns n rncer, hns mot with a-rnthor
serious mlshnp, having boon badly
kicked by his Btnblo companion.
Snm thinks thnt Black's rnolng day*
nrn o'er for somo tlmo to como,
Mr. Tom Bradley nnd Tom Taylor
woro visitors nt Pnssburg last Tuesday, l«avlng the samo night for Hollo-
vmp. Hopo you landed home safe, boys.
Tho boys aro nil denning thoir guns
propnratoiV for tlio chlckon hunt,
which enmo in soason on tho first of
October. Instimd of hfill storms we
mnj^ expect to soo tho nlr full of load
In thn tnetxr future.
Thero was qulto a bit ot oxcltomont
hero nt tho Pnssburg Hotel Inst Monday night, whon It wns discovered 4hnt
.,„.,■,*•, •niiti.Mi'm'iii «'im tblnVlnir It n
1nV«. c.rnmmed tlio Inrgo clothes basket Into tx wntor tub, ine basket, (using larger than the tub, looked vory
much like a concertina. However, the
Joltors pnid 10.00 for the Joke or for
tho basket.
^        BLAIRMORE NOTE8 ♦
Watch for "The Bachelor's Honey-
monn" on thn Mth-'
s -
Por first-class Tsxldermy work,
mounting anything from a snake
to an elephant, call or write
P. O. Bex » West Fernie tl*
- V -■*.
- .V, -    - *■■
■-,«' V.'.-\
:'-.;,;";■"■>■:" ■■v"-..".'-:':.^,;.  V.-^.;." x.i^f.' -'•••'-■'<V":,.':- ^ district ledger, fernie, b. o, October i, wis ,:";.; ''[    pagefive  /'^
...     ♦        COAL CREEK NOTES ,      ♦
. ♦"-'- - .X .   ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦:♦♦♦♦
. Semi-Final.Tle Crahan's Cup
Coal Creek v.;Michel .
The semi-final of the Crahan Cup
■was played up here on Saturday between Coal Creek and Michel, and a
large number of supporters, of both
clubs we're present when P. McGov-
«rn, who had charge of the game, called the boys to time.   -Michel won the
toss, and .decided to' play with the
' wind,in their favor.   From the com-
" ' men cement of play Coal Creek put In-
some smart footwork, but'were poor
In front of goal.   Michel made a few
, dashaways, but could not pierce the
defence  of   Coal   Creek. ,  During  a
scrimmage in front of Michel goal,
... P. Garvie found the net and was the
recipient of loud cheers and hearty
' handshakes.     The   Interval   arrived
with Coal Creek 1, Michel 0.
On resumption, the Creek forwards
bombarded the Michel custodian, but
failed to find an opening.   After this
play was of a pretty even character,
during the1 last fifteen minutes Michel
having most of the game but failed In
their attempts at goal.   Time arrived
without further score and Coal Creek
ran' out  winners   1-0,  which   places
Coal Creek in the final to be played
, at Michel on Saturday, Oct. 4th. "The
" following is'the lineup for Saturday's
gamo at Michel:, Banns, McLetchie,
McFegan,   Sweeney,   Yates,   Whyte,
"Booth, • Manning,    Garvie,    Joinson,
Johnstone.    Kick off 3.30 p.m.    The
following five travel with the team:"
Partridge, Harper, Armstrong, McFe-.
gan, T. Martin;
After the game, the Michel players
-    and followers were entertained to a
little social'evening in the Club Hall
"by the members of the Coal Creek Literary and Athletic Association.   Chas.
Percy officiated at the piano and Joe
. • Worthington occupied the chair.   The
-proceedings   were .enlivened  by  the
'.^-presence of Ashton Yates' band, of
. "Fernie, who gave various selections.
Below we given the program: Opening
s   chorus,'the band; song, J. 'McMillan;
song, Fred Gullett, Michel; song, W.
"Flatt'erly;   song,, H.  MeAdam;   song,
George 'Ramsay, Fernie;-song, Paddy
"King;  selection, the band;   song, F.
°- Moussett;; song, J. Buchanan;  song,
P. Dawson; song, G.„Witherington, Ml-
, .-chel; song, Alf. Ball, Michel; mouth
organ solo accompanied by'spoon, W.
^^FM"arly;_song. R. Snbwde'n;"; '■ song.
"Nick Cindan;-sohg, W. -R. Pucky (en
-cored); selection, the band; song, R.
, '   Sampson  (encored);   tales from the
roundhouse, one of the "boys"; Na-
, tional Anthem*■>ot  all   Nations,  tlie
, band.   The boys thoroughly enjoyed
•**•    themselves. ."_  •■
Joe - Wilson, Tom Glover and W.1
"Marsh returned back to camp from
Bull Rlvor'where, they bad been out
"hunting. ' One goat and one deer was
the result of their labors.
George Knox returned to. camp with
a fine bear, shot In the vicinity of the
rock cut on Sunday noon.,
The quarterly meeting of the Coal
Creek Literary and Athletic Association was held on Sunday In tho Club
- Hall. A large attendance was reported, The balance Bheet was adopted
and several suggestions made anent
facilities for recreation, etc., nt tho
Club and completion ot the library.
A very successful social and salo of
'" fruit was hold In the Presbyterian
Church on Monday evening, Mr. John
Hewitt bolng tho salesman, which position he filled ln a creditable mannor.
The result was the exchequer gained
an Incrcnso of $R2, Tbe commlttoo In
chargo doslro to thank all who participated by donations of fruit mul attendance. Mrs. A. Lamont rondorod
vocnl selections.
Mr. JoBoph Roberts, of Fornlo, will
•occupy tho pulpit at tho Methodist
Church on Sunday next In tho ab-
sonco of nov, JoBoph Phllps. Everybody welcome. '    '
Tho Young People's tjuion nro hold-
- Ing tho first of n sorlon ot socials on
Friday evening. A.i fnjoynbln tlmn is
Tho Coal Creek Football Club av.-
tlclpato bringing tho Crnhan Cup
homo on Snturday. Determination
wins, boys,
Wo woro sorry to honr thnt our
Would-be Onruso, Johnny, could not
apponr at convivial gnthorlng hold
last Saturday owing to having lost his
music (?).
.Provincial Chlof Mlnty nnd Chlof
Inspector Wlnno, Provlnclnl Inspector
of llconsed premises, of Victoria, woro
In,cnmp on Wodnosdny Inspecting the
Club promises.
J. H. Smith, District President, arrived home from Montreal, whoro ho
. had been attending the Thdes and
Labor Congress.
The residents ot the camp express
sympntliy to Mr. nnd Mm. W, Wilson
nt the loss of thoir infnnt son, who
dlod on Saturday six hours after being bom.
H-nrrv Townsnnd, Tme of  the car*
- pernors employed on the company's!
new barn, uni ibrouKit itin top »toi«> i
and waa removed homo suffering from
broli** In -ront-equene*.
Mr.   Orahnm,   chlof   Inspector   of
mines, was In camp this w-nck,
it  ..   i**..     n.*.*.,. ... i  r—ii,. ..„t..
    - •—    '■'    "    ■  -.'.■•,   	
ed back In camp on Friday last after
spending a few months' vacation]; in
'-*     Lancashire,   England.   Tommy   was
"gradcly" pleased whon he saw thorn.
M ra.' J. J. Evans and family arrived
hack from their old home In the land
nf Che IwV .ind <Mvr»-pfpe hntt. .Inlin
ls now wearing the smile that wont
winn* t*tl.   <-Iiwmw, Purtraf1
The doctor's Iioubp looks quite nml
these days, having had a visit from
the painters.
Robert Fnlretough, et the Teepee,
arrived back to eamp ea Saturday,
having been on a visit to Bngland, We
geeta  yon   toned   Miefpoo-i   *   Mn
. eamp, Bob.
Coal Creek. Football,.Club Excursion
.,v - .^.'   .';.'. !to Michel v .    '.-,',
•From Fernie—Adults!' $1; children,
50c. From Hosmer—^Adults, 70c; children, 35c ,; Saturday .Oct. 4th. Train
leaves 9. 20 aim. '-'**..._.
♦ ♦ ♦'♦♦""♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦'♦ ♦ *
♦■   • "- ; ♦
'Mr. A. Linton, of Hosmer, and Miss
Rebecca IPurdy, of Carnwath, Scotland, were -married at Fernie Monday
by the Presbyterian pastor. Mr. Jas.
Richie andvMrs. S. Lynch were the
armor bearers. Hosmer's famous chi-
varee- band "gave some lively selections after the arrival of the newly-
weds from' Fernie, but quit Instantly
when Sandy came through with the
"dough." You want to keep playing,
kids, especially when you get paid for
Bob Anderson, acting pit boss on B
Level during J. McKelvle's absence in
Scotland, has severed his connection
with the Company, and it is understood will take up a position In Hlllcrest.
R. Mlddleton, fire boss in B Level,
is also looking for pastures new.'
Other Hosmer departures include
H. Adamson and J. Murray (well
known members of Hosmer Football
Club), J. B. McKay (the human fish)
and J. McDonaldMwho have all struck
off for the lignite fields in search of
fame and fortune. '   .
The arrivals consist of Mr. J. Mc-
Kelvie, fresh from a two months' sojourn, in Scotland, Miss McKelvie,
who-has been holidaying in the vicinity of -Bankhead; Mr. and Mrs. Brooks,
Mr. A. Willington, and'Ed. Purcell,
who have been on pleasure jaunts in
various parts of the Dominion.
Mr. J. Carruthers, master mechanic,
is at presen| unavoidably locked out,
owing to a case of scarlet fever in his
household. ,
■ -Willie Robson Is meeting with keen
competition these days. A couple of
photographers,, .have taken up their
abode here and are'taking all and sundry in their camera., '" "    -
John Pierpont''Morgan, the one and
only, has left .behind him the whirl of
machinery for the nonce and gone on
a shooting expedition, in the Pincher
vicinity. - (Some say it's to get' mar-„
Tied). ' • -' - t .
• 'Philip .Greaves ;;and his backhand
had, their friends on *uneasy street
home from the mine at tbe usual hour.
An Investigation proved that nothing
more serious .than the stoppage of a
dollar watch had occurred... A little
better system' of checking men out
wouldn't hurt any; anything is liable
to, happen, and. time .is precious in
caBes of necessity.'
Norman Shaw,! who. went to Lethbridge for treatment, has had hlB arm
re-set and Ib reported making satisfactory progress. ?
The antics of a new arrival who got
a job at the .mine were so varied and
many that it caused ono to think the
poor fellow was a good case for a lunacy expert. He seemed to be greatly
concerned about the super's firewood
J. Sneddln and T. Kerr made a trip
to Pincher and speculated In a team
which they Intend .taking to their
ranch In tho Nelson country.
All tho avallables are being put on
the voters' list. Mothlnks the Honorable Wllllo will receive a rude shock
from his Tory Hosmer at tho next
"Whito O. C." elections.
Tho faint echo of wedding bells ls
still In tho wind round Ilosm'or, Rumor haa It that two or throo moro
loving couples aro contemplating,
(Watch Hosmer, grow!)—Hush!
Mrs, Kusma was charged boforo
Justice of .Peace Bums on Wednesday
with pilfering conl from tho company
chutoH, found guilty nnd fined five
dollars and costs. Hor husband refused to pny tlio flno, saying a course of
linrd tnclc for his spouse would bo ben-
oflcial. It looked llko jail for tho lndy,
but tho tender chords of the magistrate's hoart woro touched nnd ho
paid thu fine himself; Mm. Kuhiiiiv being vory profuso In her thanks.
Mr. And Mrc. C'-Tonnor .'.ra rejoicing
in tho birth of a daughter.
Tho govornmont hotel inspector wns
making Ills yearly or til-yearly Inspection ot Ilosmor's Hotel. \
'Miss Ornco Ilonnor gavo nn ontor-
tnlnmont Inst weok In tho Opera
llouno, her stock In trade bolng Im-
pnrsoriating nnd ventriloquism. A
largo nud len co wan present, but didn't
soom to take a very great Interest In
tho proooodlngs, tho hull being pretty
woll ompty by hnlf tlmo. Wo don't
appreciate high class art la Hosmer,
It seems,
facility afforded tourists and others
who wish • to visit this beauty spot.
The' rural bridges erected over the
stream in various places, owing to the
artistic nature of their construction,
are very .pleasing and strictly in keeping- with the handiwork of nature.
The place is fast becoming a general
rendezvous for groups of both sexes
on Sundays and, holidays.
♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ . ♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*•♦♦♦
', Rev. W.'T. Young left town on Tuesday night'to-attend the convention of
young people being held at High RH'er
in . connection' with the Methodist
Church. The school closed for two
days in his absence.   •
, Frank Edl had Mr. Palmer assisting
him in house moving on Monday. His
house is now next-the street.
__!M*r._Geo.   Thomas ret_u_me_d_fro_m.
idents of this place. After a, short
honeymoon trip Mr. and Mrs. Gill will
return to^Pocahontas, where they will
la future Teslde. Here's wishing our
friend Dennis many 'happy days of
connubial bliss.
Mr... David Gorrie, accompanied by
his, brother, -returned from his recent
visit tb" Fernie. Mr. Gorrie reports a
favorable disposition of his hunting
Miss Jennie and Miss Maggie St'ene,
accompanied by their father, left for
their home in Frank some days ago.
The Misses Stene had been visitors at
their uncles here for some months
back and during their sojourn here
made many friends who sincerely regret their departure.
Well, cheer up, Tommy; don't be
looking so blue these days. You know
you have our sympathy, and remember, there is as good fish In the sea,
etc., etc. •
The trail to the Punchbowl Falls
having been completed, there is every
for the people at Hardlville to get to
town before six o'clock, closing time!
,, Arthur James Alford died in the
Gait Hospital; on Monday after a lingering illness., He has been in that
Institution for the past year. The deceased was a brother of E. Alford,
president of;."the Trades and Labor
Council, and Lewis Alford, both of
this city, to whom we tender our
sincere- sympathy in their sad bereavement.  .
Steve Begalla has quit the mines
and accepted a position as delivery
man for the new Abolerale Liquor
Store in town.
♦ '          . ♦
♦ Anyone knowing the where- '♦
♦ 'abouts  of William  Lindsay!' .♦
♦ late of Pocahontas, last heard ♦
♦ of In Victoria, B. C, over a ♦
♦ year ago, please communicate ♦
♦ with his brother, David Lind- ♦
♦ say, Jasper Park, Pocahontas, ♦,
♦ Alta., Canada. ♦
Cranbrook on Monday night.
■Mr. 'Harris, of Blairmore, a trained
singer,' is going to favor the congregation of the 'Methodist Church with a
solo next Sunday night.
The death occurred in Frank last
Friday morning of Mrs. Cerny. She
had been'failing in health for. some
time but.the end came suddenly, De-
ceasedciwlll be greatly missed in the
home, as she leaves several little children. The funeral service was held
on Sunday in the home, after which a
crowd of sympathizers followed the
body to Blairmore, where interment
took place.      *
Llmo City has had another family
added. to Ita population during tho
past week. Mr. Joshua Atkinson and
family, of Bellevue,'moved Into their
new home.
Jake Wheeler Iiiib movod1 the
shelves and windows, from the old
Lang store to fit up hia new storo
building ln Bellovue, We understand
ho has sold the building too, .so ono
moro place will be out of exlBtenco
Alox Moroncy, of Blalrmoro, has
opened up a plumbing and tlnsmlthing
shop on the Frank now townslto, Ho
occupies tho old Crow's NoBt Hard-
wnro Btand.
'Miss Swim, of Plncnor Creok, l» visiting Frank for n week.
Dan Steene, who hns beon visiting
In Pocahontas for somo tlmo past, ro-
turned to town on Friday bringing his
two daughters, Misses Nellie and
Maggio, with him, who hnvo boon
nwny visiting for sovoral montliH.
Dr. Corsnn, of Fornle, wns n Hosmor
visitor Monday.
Hosier Local has donated f.'O.OO to-
wnrds the Tl. C. Fndorntlonlst Christmas Fund,
♦ ' ♦
li tm Mumm ittiiiubi Oii'n cil Hid
Punchbowl Club took l>lace In 'the
School House hero on Saturday night.
Sept. 27. A. large crowd was In attendance and the program was thoroughly enjoyed by all. Bongs sung by
Messrs. Aakltt and Evens were heartily *iru ortid. WvHrybody Join lu thanking the club for the excellent manner
lu which UiU tmUtiUUkukvul .)•<** c-ii-
rled out.
Id!* days still prevail In Pocahot.'as
tha mine only working practically
four days a week.
Mr.. IVnnlt OUI left on the *».«••
bound train Saturday night en rout*
tor Kdaon, -where he will h# wnltM
In matrimony to Mrs. Mare, both tn-
♦ ♦
Work nt tho mlnoB this Inst wook
has beeu going on smoothly. On Saturday thoro wero a good number of
mon lay off, It bolng n Clrook holiday,
and on Mondny tho St. John Society
hnd thoir uiunl nnnual colobrntlon In
tho focm of a hocIii! nnd danco In tho
Minors' Hall, which was filled to Us
capacity. Tho closing hour wns supposed to bo 12'a.m., but I wondnr who
assisted Mlko homo nbout 2 n.nv?
Karl Theodorovitch. International
organiser, and John Lnrson. Sub District Hoard Mombor, loft hero Inst
Thursday on tho flyer. Their destination was Tnber, where they hro gono
tor two weeks, nnd will bndenvor to
organize snvcral small enmps, which
aro In operation nt this time of tho
, i,       -n   *i      **■*, 1       Itt,
)*.,*,   u.v.,*>   ... ■■-    .a-..J)    **. '  '.    —"*,     "...    »•
nYf> TirnMlonVv olofftil \*t t\t\r\^**, Win
summer months, 11*neo tho nocosslty
of reorganizing every yonr.
Monday of this week there was a
start made on the now Hotel on tho
north side of tho track on 3rd Avenue
nml Uin Mii'i'i., ivir. WioCunj, ttiw
succeeded In getting the license, expects to ho In shape for opening by
If only thero wns a bank on thc
north side now. whnt a convenience rt
wouM he to the citlsens there. Three
>«;un ago I'.in 1'nion Uiink bmi a
branch there, but at that time It was
nut *. uuu-ttt***. Tht* U»l l*u >ti.*>i'k
have made a vast difference, howevor,
both In the population and business
bouses. Therefore, It's worth another
tiUt, and up to the working people to
enjfATor to ret on*. It would e#r-
tatnly make a great difference on
pay tor. tthltti wwea trvrr two
weeks now.   It la ■ beetle esperlnlly
Wm. Smith, W. S. Purvis and Wes.
Johnston returned on Saturday from
a week's hunt out in the region of the
South Fork River ano North Kootenay
Pass. They unfortunately did not succeed in getting any sheep as a number
of others had been In the locality before them.
Alex Beck and Mrs. Beck, of Taber,
are the guests at the home of Chas.
Dunlop for a few days. Mr. and Mrs.
Beck were former residents here and
their many old friends in town are
pleased to see them. Since leaving
Coleman Mr.,,.Beck served a term as
Mayor of Taber and is at present an
alderman in that enterprising burg.
T. R. J. 'Mclntyre, formerly of the
Bank of Cemmerce staff here, but who
some months ago removed to Calgary,
has severed his connection with the
bank' and sailed from Vancouver for
Australia this week.
Mrs.R. W. Johnston and children
arrived in Coleman on Monday evening from a four months' visit to London and other parts of England.
' J. Ribb, of the Coleman" Mercantile
staff, paid Grassy. Lake a visit on
Wednesday, returning Thursday morning.
The regular monthly meeting of the
School Board convened on Wednesday
evening at the school, when routine
business was transacted. The removal from town of J. S. Pizer reduces the
board from five to four members, but
it is unlikely' any election will be held
to fiHthe vacancy until the end of the
year. " - _
The football "match between Bellevue and Coleman, played on Wednes-
which method of finishing a football
game _would appear to be getting all
too common in the Pass. "Blest be
the tie that binds," ,but it may be hoped that those ties will not bind things
up too long in an effort to wind up
the football season.
G. McCalley, A. J. Carter and A.
Carrie, all of Fernie, registered at the
Coleman Hotel ^Tuesday.
F. A., and Mrs. Strack,. of Lethbridge, were Coleman visitors Tuesday.
C. Dlcostrl, of Fernie, paid Coleman
a visit on Monday and Tuesday.
W. H. Itobsoq and A. J. Barton, pf
Calgary, transacted business in town
on Tuesday. 0
J. E. Annable and A. H. Green, of
Nolson, are Coleman Hotel guests.
The beautiful weather of the past
few weeks has been an Incentive to
hunting parties and a large numbor
of hunting licenses have beon granted
at the local R. N. W. M. P. station of
Miss Marguerlto Porter left on
Tuesday's locnl for Lethbridge, whoro
she will onter tho Gait Hospital to
take the proscribed course of training
for the profession of nurso, Beforo
leaving Miss Porter wnB tho recipient
ot two beautiful presents. On Friday
ovonlng sho wiib presented by tho
choir nnd Sunday School tenehors of
tho Institutional Church with a Gorman silver hand Bntchol, and on .Monday evening a coterlo of intimate
frlonds gavo her a solid leather travelling bag, nil of which attests to MIhb
Portor's popularity In town, Hor many
friends will w!nh her overy buccosh in
hor chosen work,
Tho bandstand In the park located
bohlnd tho skuting rink Is ncurlng
completion and Contractor Pnrkor Is
putting tho finishing touches on lt.
Citizens will bo ropnhl by going up
and taking n look at It.
Mrs, II. Clark nntl hor son returned
on Tuosdny from Hnglnnd whoro thoy
hnd visited with relatives for tho pnst
four or five months,
Tho Colomnn Mercantile Compnny
will rotlro from business within tho
iKixt two mont lis, This Is the oldest
general merchandise firm doing -business In Colomnn, If not In tho Puss,
nnd the sight of the cornor ston* Hok-
od up or occupied by anothor tenant
will bo another Instance of tho constantly changing scene of busings activity, Malinger J, II, Ross cxp^rtR
to romove for it time to soma placo
In tlio sunny fiotilli-woatnrn Rtaton
with a view to; recovering his lost
The f-M'-Tmn \iitift Ir mi-iVIm* K<v
grn«"« thnso days or nights. Mr. Beddlngton, lalp of Michel, who Is now
leader, wu umi«'i lilaml, tonliMiptulu*
starting a class for beginners.
Tho moving picture show conduct.
ca Throe nifjMK jn-r »H'« in. inn ojn-m
Houso by tho t'nlon managing commltteo U receiving large patronage.
The reduction of tho admission fco to
ten r*-nt» hss resulted In bumper au-
The masquerade ball given Friday
evening by ih«« i nicmnn Town Hand
wns a rrMt success. Between seventy nnd «-i(thi) |H«i)t«, iif«M->ed (or th«»
occasion and the varlgated colors of
the widely dlvmiflw! costumes, i»ad«
a dt*p!f*y unusually pleturesone. Mr,
iMinny was floor manager and was
aml-Me-d !"» j'H-rieg the tftslwH-fa *y
Mr. *»d Mrs. Allen, Prl«#*» w*>r*
awarded at foltows: Best dreised
Isdles, first, Mlts Cbsrtotte Baston;
second,. Miss Alice , Machen; ladles'
comic, "first and second. Misses E.
Gate and D. Burns; best dressed man,
first; Mr. Hobktrk, of Blairmore; second, HTDugean; men's comic, first, J.
Davies; second, T, Burns. A crowded
audience in the gallery witnessed the
performance until a late hour. The
band parade, late In the afternoon
dressed in comic costume, made a hit
as an advertising stunt.
J. L. Grenier, of Calgary, has accepted a position in W. L. Ouimette's
store and began his duties on Saturday last.  -
Don't neglect "Tho Bachelor's Honeymoon" at the Coleman Opera House
on Oot. 15th.
With apologies to Ella Wheeler Wil-
'Tis easy enough to be pleasant,
When Life flows along like a song;
And the show that's worth while, ,
Which will bring you a smile,    ..
Will soon be coming along. ■   ^
"A Bachelor's Honeymoon" at Coleman on Oct. 15th.
On Football ground at Blairmore,
after Coleman-Coal Creek match, gold
watch with initials. Owner can have
same upon giving accurate description
from John Boyce, Coleman.
(Received too late for publication last
'Jlr. Thos. Martin, the representative of-the International Correspondence School, was a visitor in town bn
Monday last Tom is always welcome here.
!A large number of .the boys from
Passburg went to Blairmore last Saturday to,witness the football match
between the Coal Oreekltes and the
Colemanites. The boys see better
footballers at home. Imagine Passburg
in the first division!      . ■
A contract miners' meeting was
held Tuesday night in Slovak Hall,
Passburg, for the purpose of appointing permanent checkers., Thos. G.
Harries and J. Jessitto were appointed. The miners also instructed the
checkers to see that1 no place or places be measured before "the stated time
in the Coal Mines Regulation' Act,
from the 1st to the-15th, both days inclusive/* .
'Maple Leaf Collieries, .were idle
_Monday_and J.uesday^jof—this—week**,
shortage of box cars being the .causer
A person struggling In a certain
line of business who cannot accommodate the public or_ his customers
with the goods demanded should place
himself as a matter of courtesy to the
above on the delinquent list of failures. It "sounds llko a fight between
Ignorance versus science. Hot air is
not valuable In any line of business
Mr. Dick Beard and party returned
Friday night from their hunting trip
at tho South Fork, bringing in with
them an eighty-pound Welshman, but
none of the party knows very well to
whom the honor belongs. But
nevertheless' some of those Welshmen
are rather expensive. The above crea-
true cost two dollars and fifty conts
por pound and a large number of ub
have come to tho conclusion that we
are bettor off to let Billy's whiskers
grow, As tho party was driving towards home ono of them noticed
something dark moving in tho bush
and called to the driver to stop,   It
was a bear and Mr. was to have
tho first crack at Teddy. Bang! Thc
bear did not move. Another bang!
No movo, and hn called on tho party
to Join and thoy fired volloy after vol-
Ioy In to Teddy, but nothing doing,
snya Teddy. Finally the teamster
enmo to the rescue nnd Informed tho
purty that If thoy desired to got that
honr to use a crosscut saw, Thoy woro
all Btumpod oxcopt tho bear, and sho
wns a stump.
Tho Dnvonport Collieries havo only
worked two days this month up to dato
of writing, hut thoy nro expecting to
bo working In full forco very shortly.
It's n qupRtlon whothor wp can rolny
on,tho Information or not, but I gunmi
wo will hnvo to wnlt nnd hop,
Mr. Nat Kvniis hns severed his connection with tho Loltcli Conl Company
to Join a pnrty of prospectors flftoon
mllou north of iBIalnnoro.
At n spoelnl mooting hold on tho
21st Sopt. of Mnplo Loaf Locnl 2H21.).
the following worn nominated for dU-
trict of floors for tint ensuing term:
President, J. K. Smith, Fernlo, 11. f\;
Vlco Prosldont, Wm. (irnlimn, Colo-
mini, Altn.; Socrotnry Treasurer,
Thos. Frnneo, ('mil Crook, 11, V„; In-
toi national Bonrd Mombor, 1). Hees.
Fornlo, II. <'.;■ Sub nt«trlct Board
Mombor. Jnmos Burke, Bollovuo,
Altn.; Neutral Sorutlnuor, Puto A.
Scparkor, Maple Leaf, Altn.
Tho abovo Local nlso endorsed
unnnlinoiisly tlio action taken by tho
International kweutlvo Hoard with ro-
tornntlonal Kxecutlve Bonrd with ro-
I KlilUM  IW Blljl|ll/I llllf,   tit'-   lll'«l»*J>    l.lll-
.win; 1 ' ii'il, "V-l V'r-lvh tin'1, ft,!
lorndo In ordor to carry on tho Htrlkos
I to a successful ls*uo.
It sonms strnngo that a union man
nround this community Is almost com-
Twllfil to villi it non-union chop In order to hnvo Ills hiilr .'inn iim wiiin'iiern
shops remind uh moro of n visit to
tho dontlst. Instead of having n pleasant sliriv<. and your hair trimmed do-
oontly. Nothing llko learning n trado
and then you would very likely hang
In yonr shop tho union oard.
j    A largo number of the mm.' worw-rs
ihave Ml Maple l^sf for pasturo* now
owlflR to shortage r>< »-ar» '!«'•> nultri
that In order to exist thoj m««t have
the privilege of worth:* t**t-ty dsy at
this ramp. Oonrt hick, b.>\». hoping
that you will not strike ai .tnythlng
to Passburg and left Tuesday evening
homeward bound.
Mr. Thomas iMartin, the representative of thp International Correspondence Schools, was in the city on Friday last on business. Doing fine, says
- A large number of the old time miners of Passburg are severing their
connection with Leltch Coal Company.
The reason for quitting the Observer
is not 1a a position to state definitely.
We guess the old complaint, fifty
cents a ton based on a two foot seam
of coal and thirty cents a pound for
Passburg Local 2352 will hold meetings on the second and fourth Sundays of each month at two o'clock ln
the afternoon in Slovak Hall. Every
member is requested to attend, grievance or no grievance. Come one, come
all! Because it is the only institution
whereby we, the workers, can ever
hope to derive any benefit therefrom.
And in our opinion it is the duty of
eacti: member to participate and make
this institution a college for education
as well as a business proposition ln
order that we may in the near future
lead ourselves out and „not eternize"
this darkness.
A uarge numuer of the boys went
to Bellevue last Saturday to witness
the Bellevue versus Coleman football
match. We are sure that they were
perfectly satisfied with the result, one
of the best games of the season. Keep
your eye, on Pass/burg eleven next
year, say the boys.
Tbe true position of the workers is
fully appreciated by the master class
is evidenced by the contempt which
they and their hangers-on show in the
very manner in which they utter the
word working man." And how carefully they move aside on the prairie
to avoid even'seeing'one of these
geese that lay the golden egg.
'Mr. Mike Nemeck, who unfortunately was internally injured sometime
ago at the Passburg Colliery by a falling cap rock, is'still unable to follow
his former employment, but he is progressing as favorably; as can be expected.
The Brothers Twigg, contractors,
have, during the week, been doing
ing extensive repairs to the Passfburg
Hotel ln preparation for the coming
winter, which is going to be a severe
one, say the Twiggs. ■ v     *-
The manner In wrhich the C. P. R.
is distributing their box cars to.the
various coal mines In this district Is
crop is permitted to.rot on the prairie. But at the present time It seems
,that the demand is for grain, aadv
therefore the C. P. R.,i3.there with
a big mit. They are perfectly satisfied
to starve out one Industry at a time,
providing it does not Interfere with
the company's dividend. n
Mr. W. Duncan, manager of the
Passburg Hotel, accompanied by Mr.
D. Bisset, was visiting Fernie last Saturday on business. He returned on
If the men of this beautiful
city are so anxious with regards to an
agent being stationed at the PaBsburg
depot, what is the reason that no petition for an agent ha* ibeen presented? There is no doubt, 1n my mind,
providing the petition is drawn up and
signed by tho inhabitants of Passburg,
that the general superintendent of'the
C. P. R. would give this his earliest
consideration and immediately station
an agent, hero   to  accommodate the
(Continued on page four)
laughable, even ~f6~th<jrfarmer7
this big corporation have a demand
for coal, the poor farmers' bumper
Port Alberni
Lots in District Lot 121. Prices and terms reasonable. Lots
from, $100 up, not in Townsite but adjoining; within one and a half
mile circle.
409 Dawson Building      -      Vancouver, B. C.
Wo curry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*: Frank, Alta.
"The Quality Store"
|    Mr. aud Mr*. Thoiupsun of th- fo?-
nmbta Hotel, Bllro, r-sM a ».'in*r *'-*»
Groceries and Dry Goods
Clothing, Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
Tr.   ti        t tt       ,   i i
Phone 25       Victoria St.        Blairmore, Alta. ■'■!,* I
COAL minin? rights ot the Dominion, In Manitoba, Sastetchew&n and
■ Alberta, the Yukon Territwy, the North
West Territories  and in  a portion ot
tlie Province of British Columbia, may
'be  leased   for  a  term, of  twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre,
ot more th&n 2.560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Akent or Sub-Agent of the district in
WMlch tb.** rights applied for are situat-
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by .sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each apllcation "must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn teturns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal, mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not beim-? operated, such
returns should be furnished At least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mialng
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for tho working of the mine
at the rate of 110.00 an acre.
For full information application
should be mado to tho Secretary of tlio
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of'Dominion Lands.
W. VT. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be Daid for.
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE       -       •       -       ■    „ B. C.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fertile," B. C.
, and
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
My Reminiscences of August Bebel
When you can own
your own home?
We have for "sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income,
Call and see us,
Cole in an
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Receive The Udfler don't blew* ua.
Watch the data of the expiration of
your tubicrlptlon which la printed en
tha aame labal containing your ad-
By Abraham Cahan ' '
(Translated by Harry Rogof)
On a hot'August day, in the year
1891 I traveled from' Paris to Brussels. I was going to the second international Socialist Congress as a delegate of the United' Hebrew Trades of
New York. •
On the train were a number of other
delegates—several from France, a few
from Italy, a few from Roumania. On
the way, we picked' up a delegate
from Holland. Just how we camo to
know one another, I don't quite recall,'
but once we became acquainted, we
formed one group and- remained to-
an interpreter for our small group of
gether all the way toour destination.
The tyutch delegate—a slim young
man, with long hali^-occupied the
seat opposite mine, and when he discovered that I came from America, he
addressed me ln an excellent English.
He was quite a linguist and acted as
international delegates. With his assistance,, wo conversed together of
the approaching congress, of the movement In the various countries and kindred subjects.
I still remember how I felt on that
occasion. The mere thought that we
were coming from different lands as,
delegates to a Socialist congress made
an indescribable impression upon mo.
And this impression derived a peculiar
flavor from the fact that we stood in
need of an interpreter to make conversation possible. We come0 from
different countries; we speak different languages; we belong to different
nations, but we are all Socialists; our
hearts beat in unison. We are one in
spirit. And this small group is but a
sample of a great body of several hundred delegates who will soon assemble
in the Congress Hall. They hail from
all parts of the world. They come frrm
everywhere to that gathering.
"Workers of all' lands, unite." These
words, which had heen as a charm to
me for many years, at that moment
rang out in me like a prophecy fulfilled.
The train rushed on. We were coming nearer and nearer to Brussels,
nearer and nearer to that city which
at that moment was drawing toward
it hundreds of other Socialist delegates from hundreds of other cities
and countries. My heart beat faster
and faster; I was in a state of ecstasy.
We mentioned many names in the
course of our conversation. But none
•as frequently and as reverently as
those of Bebel, Liebknecht and Singer.
' Germany is the cradle of the Socialist movement; and these three=men
were its standard bearers in the country. I had known their names for
many years., I had read of them, re-
veredthem,.loved them, adored'them,..
And soon I was "to grasp their hands
—the thought of it was like adding
fire to the flame' of ecstasy that was
burning so brightly on the hearth of
my soul.
; We arrived at Brussels rather late
in the afternoon. A committee met us
at the station ancl we were conducted
to the People's House—the home of
the Co-operative Societies of the Belgian Socialist party. The small square
in front of this huilding was alive with
people. Here all the delegates were
broughl from the railroad station.
There was a babel of tongues and the
faces betrayed different nationalities
and races, There were, greetings in
all languages spoken In the world. All
hearts wero aflame. I imagined I
Imagined I could hear thorn calling to
ono another, "Workers of all lands aro
Never wllj I forgot that momont. I
cnn see the whole scene beforo mo. I
can relievo every emotion. Such moments ono never forgets.
Sudtlently tho excltomont grow In.
tensor. All eyes wore fixed on ono
distant. point. Peoplo pointed with
their fingers and craned their nocks.
"Tlio German (lologatos nro coming!
Tho German delegates!" was hoard on
nil sides. "Thoro Is Bobol! There Is
Liebknecht! That stout -man ovor
thore Is Singer."
Quito tx crowd of strong, strapping
mon npproachod us, Most of thorn
woro bonrds, and all had black, broad-
brimmed felt hats on thoir heads,
Tho oxoltomont and enthusiasm
woro still mounting. Now It was
caused by tho greetings, Somo had
boon acquainted boforo, Tlio rest had
to lm introduced. Hamlslinkos nil
round!   Snillos, laughter and joy.
Thero in was that r first bocamo
acquainted with Bohol, Llohknocht
and SlnKor—tho throo loaders and
foundors of German Social Domocrn-
oy, Tho throo RliiiitH—of our movo-
How hard II, Ih lo bocomo reconciled
to tlio,fact tlint thoso powerful iiiimoR
nro now but thn doslBnntlon of KnivuH.
I can soo ftofool ntu'tiillng boforo mq
'In'his full iloi'y, just as-lm np'pon'roii
to uh on that sumo iifiurimoii on thnt
Hmnll squaro In front of. tho UrussolH
Ponpio's Tlou<*o, a little above aver-
ngo bnlKht, erect, rather slonilor' and
wearing ti long brown eout, Whon ho
removed lliu big Social Democrat lint,
Ills Imlr , seemed dark brown. On
closer obHorvntlon, I could dotoct a
steely groyness In spots. 1 remember
that his Hair kept mo curious nil tlint
■»»««*. i:\*ji) tium i mot (uoi i would
:Trnlln!vn 3)H' 1hth3 wi a J J .vl £<-;.; Siwu
ono'nnple It would apponr one silnglo
Hhndo of brown, but from a dlfforont
nnglo tho hair would havo tho effect
of changeable silk,
His face was youthful. Tt bearmke
energy and wound deep sense Pen-
otrotlnn oyeB—ponotratlnK. yet mild
and plenalwr. Thero was also softness
In his voice. As I write thoso words,
I can hear that voice sounding In my
oars Just an clearly as on that memorable day twenty-two years ago,
At that congress I saw Hcbc'l ovory
day, owl sevoral times I hnd long
talks with him. Four year* later I
was with him aralri1 for tx week at the
conKresa lit Zurich, During tbe same
summer 1 mot lilm twice in Tterlln
(once In his home and a serotid time
In the editorial rooms of the IVrlln
Vorwaerts). I heard him deliver one
of his,-speeches in the, Reichstag. I
also listened to him at a big mass
meeting in Berlin. I have- gathered
many heartful impressions of that
great man. , ..   '
Twenty-two years after the Brussels
congress (1912), I had the great happiness of meeting him quite ..accidentally. And in place of that dark bro.wn
hair with but a suspicion of grayness,
his head was now snow- white. His
face was still full of energy and sympathetic youthfulness. Yet I failed to
recognize him. In his voice only could
I detect that freshness, that energy of
twenty-two years'before. .The heavy
hand of two decades left its mark.
At both congresses that I attended,
Bebel was frequently on the floor, He
took part ln many discussions at the
sessions and at committee meetings,
And every 'time he spoke, all listened
with rapt attention. His importance
and fame woro partly responsible for
it, but that was by no means the only
reas.on. Liebknecht vied with him iu
fame and his speeches excelled those
of Bebel In poetry and eloquence. And
yet interested as we were ln Liebknecht, we were more so ln his disciple and comrade, August Bebel. .
Bebel's speeches were "unique in
their clarity and common sense.
He always spoke, directly to the
point. Always stuck cKise to the subjects, and all he said was logical. „He
would atfack the heart of the question"
at the very outset, and he would compel his audience to follow him irresistibly point by point over the entire
field of the battle. One would forget
the speaker and the speech and. become entirely absorbed in the argument.
Spectacles are worn for aiding the
sight, and* the better the lenses are,
the less the wearer is conscious of
them. Spectacles that keep you aware
of their presence are not the kind you
want. Furthermore, should you adorn
your glasses with beautiful figures of
flowers or birds, your sight would be
hindered instead of improved. The artistic value,tof the ornament won't
matter at all. Those beautiful flowers
and birds on the glasses will' shut out
the light, will interfere with the' eye
and confuse the images on the retina.
It's just so with the writers and orators who prefer reason to rhetoric.
The purpose of language is to enable
us to communicate our thought to
others. And, therefore, the clearer
these thoughts are, the less encumbered they are * with ornaments, the for us to forget the form,
the words, and to get at the thought.
When Bebel spoke, we would forget
him and his speech—the -arguments
and listened, and .unconsciously our
heads nodded in approval of his every
Don't infer from this that his style
was dry. For the contrary was true.
His speeches thrilled with life. He
was witty and full of ginger. His humor was never tacked on for "humor's
sake." His jokes were never brought
in purposely to rellove the audience
They grew out of the * argument arid
formed a necessary,part of it.
And the same merit that won him
complete attention at Socialist gatherings won his eager listeners at the
Reichstag from capitalist as we'll as
Socialist ranks.' When Bebel rose to
speak on the floor of Parliament, tho
cafe would become deserted. Every
Deputy rushed to his scat immediately, not to miss a single word of the
orator. And tho galleries also would
be Immediately overcrowded.
I had occasion to hear him 1n tho
Relchstng during tho summor of 1893,
Tho army bill was being discussed,
Tho Kaiser Insisted that the army be
lnnrensod nnd the Socialists were combating it, though they wore fully convinced thnt tho majority of tho Deputies woro with tho government. Our
Comrades felt that It was their duty
to fight to the Inst ditch. They also
considered It an oxconont opportunity
for general propaganda, for attacking
tlio system and showing up Its rotton-
Ah usunl, the most Important 'speech
In that fight was delivered by August
Tlobol, It was a historical day and a
historical speech. Comrado Singer
provldod mo with a ticket for tho gal-
lory, and I mado sure lo como early to
K<:t ii good scat. When tho session
opened, ovary chair In tho hnll and the
galleries was occupied,
Tho Prosldont announced Bobol's
name, nnd tho famous Socialist roso
and began to talk In his rliiRlng, un-
forgottftbk) ploftHnnt volco, Everybody
sat thoro In rnpt attention.
Hut from ■.tlmo to tlmo his fling'nt
Iho onoiny would bo too painful, nnd
then ho would bn Interrupted by nn nn-
gry outcry, a bitter Inugh or a protesting remark from his smarting opponents. And Hehol never passed over
tliolr retorts. Ills repartee was nlwnys
prompt and hurt, so much morn thnn
tho original provocation that those ru-
sonters would yell with rnge,
I remember tbftt one of tlio«e re-
torts was ho full of venom, so full of
lilting fun, thut mnny ot Iho government Doputles couldn't holp Joining In
the general laugh tor.   Gloso to mo snt
,t-,,i       iii,.!, t   .i   ..ii,. :
•■'   I--**.-*,.    j  -*■■***   .i  -•■■>	
fnlr uppolniKn nf enpltnll*! httwp: prn«.
perlt.   Ho hnd a sneering grin on his
fnco nil tho tlmo that Bobol spoke. Hut
tills lam retort sot tbe best of lilm.
Ho couldn't help laughing with tho
rest of us.  Howover, lie aulckly reul-
xiM tn* "tmiUiiiui,    '»»">-• ** u 'Ai'mu-
glzlng to t]l8 companion, ho remarked;
"The devil mmat got hi* due. Ho la
ready with tho whip."
Unfortunately,'I cannot rocall the
particular point Bobol mndo on that
occasion, but I cnn beat llluatrato Bebel's wonderful keenness tn debato by
the following Instance, That happen-
ed nemo tlmo after my visit to the
Itelchilaf. Bebel waa debating Socialism with a celebrated priest, the
leader of tha Center. Tha debato continued for several daya. Finally tho
prlftt demanded of Hebe! a deUiled
description of how .a Socialist community would be administered.    .
•Bebel replied that Socialists cannot
furnish details on that subject, that
details are determined by conditions,
and that „ we cannot be prophets to
guess just hov things will come out.
The priest was elated at his answer,
and with a great fuss he cried out:
"You Socialists plead ignorance of
the Socialist society, then, and still
you are persuading millions of workers, to follow you there. You are misleading millions into a world that is
unknown to,you."
. Bebel turned calmly upon the priest,
and asked him for a detailed description of what takes places in heaven.
The priest answered that no living
man knows that; that'is something
which God alone can toll. Bebel then
said: N    »
"And yet witnout knowing anything
about heaven, you priests are preaching about it and urging millions of
Christians to bolieve In it."
Bebel was one of tlie ablest, most
poworful and formidable debaters in
Europe, Thnt was admitted by enemies and friends alike.
At the congress In Brussels I came
in conflict with Bebel over a certain
resolution. And, although I held a
view opposed' to his, he impressed me
with his manner of talk, with tho
friendly, truly comradely spirit that
pervaded everything he said. He was
profoundly serious In all he did and
said, but his gravity was vitalized, and
tempered by a peculiar kind of cheerfulness and kindliness.
At the Brussels congress an interesting situation arose regarding Delegate Iglesias, the leader of the Socialist movement in Spain. He desired
to speak, but didn't know any of the
three available languages (German,
French and English). An exception
was made out of respect for him, and
he was permitted to deliver his speech
in Spanish. There were only a few in
the big audience that were able to understand him. But the quality of his
voice, the features of his face, his general manner aud gestures made a profound Impression in all of us. He
fascinated us. His face was pale, his
eyes, blue, his voice passionate, bis
movements fiery. We felt the meaning of his words if we didn't understand them. His words rang • like
those of a prophet delivering a message too holy for earthly speech. I
can still see the fire in his beautiful
eyes, the flash of his white, even teeth.
He drewous to him like a powerful
magnet. <__
When he finished,' he was greeted
by the loudest outburst of applause
heard at that congress.
ates .went to Ghent "to attend a -banquet arranged in our honor by the
local Comrades. At the banquet table
Bebel was hard on those who indulged
In long serious speeches. He would
taunt them with his jokes. He believed
that "banquet tables hre not the place
for serious discussions! . I was very
near Bebel's seat and could hear his
remark to his neighbors. His Gorman
Comrades behaved toward him like
brothers ancl his attitude was tho
same. He was the height of simplicity
and naturalness.
In the course of tjje evening a German delegate became tangled up in a
mess of nbstrue verbosity. Thc situation looked hopeless.
"Whero is Iglesias?" Bebel remarked laughingly to his neighbors. "Let
him rather speak, wo will understand
lilm more easily than that follow,"
His remark wns hailed with laughtor,
and soon there camo from nil sides
tho good humored cry of "Iglesias!
Tho Interesting Spaniard hosltntod,
but ho had to yield. Ho delivered a
short speech nnd was again greeted
by a thunder of applause accompanied
by joyous laughter,
.Bobol's loading quality was his Inborn tactfulnoss, In this he had no
His romarkablo balanco and polso
onnbled him to do moro for tho growth
and dovolopmont of tho movement
than any other ono Socialist.
Our movoment Is rich in enthusiasts, 'Many ot tho best Socialists havo
souls that aro essentially religious.
Thoy como for rollglous ecstasy, and
find In It the Socialist Ideal which
proclaims law and justice among all
mon. But to achieve Soolnllsm, practical work is nocossary, and for that
nro needed mon of wisdom, tact, lovol-
handedness, and nil that Bobol had In
a full and ovorflowiqft moiiHuro,
I hnvo romnrkod boforo that Llob-
knocht was moro of a poet. Ills writing nnd speoohos at times rouo to a
high lovol or literary splondor, but In
practical wisdom lie was always ready
to consult with Hobol.
At Iho Zurich congress a caso botwoon two Comrades \vns trk«il In
which the Amorlcnn dologntos served
na witnesses. Tlio Executive Committee of Iho Herman Social Nomocracy
held a speolal hohhIoii to hoar ovldonco
and glvo Judgment, In brief, the caso
wiih this: A curtain prominent Comrado lind boon attacked In Llob-
knecht's, Vorwacrta, and tho Comrado
now demanded a rotrnotlon, olalmlng
mui tho attack waa unfounded, ine
.\:..t'Uj.ii tli.hi.uU',, liliu wirv lu ii
position to know, sustained the plaintiff with ample convincing evidence
Thnre wns no doubt In anybody's mind
that a wrong hnd boen dono to tho
rnmnlnlnnnt. . Tt snr»mr>rl that Llnb-
knocht hnd based hia attack In Incorrect ropnrts. Ills defense was that ho
had no means of verifying thoso reports and nllowed hlmsolf to bo misled. Yet, he absolutely refused a withdrawal of his .statements. Ho waa a
hot-tompnred man, and ho wna quite
angry ln tho speoch ho delivered, Ho
considered tho demand of the com-
plalnnnt excessive.
When ho finished, Bobel took the
floor. I can still rematntoftr hia open-
ln& sentence. "Wolt, I am of tho opln-
Ion," he began, and pwceed'lnir In hia
pltatant,   toothing AnT annpatfcctlc
way,-.he explained bis ..view if the
situation: He thought,thar the .executive should" accept the Evidence .submitted^ for the' defense had admitted
that the , witnesses., had-the better
knowledge of the facts.' "But yet," Me
went on, "the incident being so old
and quite forgotten, the;, complainant
would gain very. Jittle by a "published
retraction. It would be quite sufficient for him. to get a, written ."stats-,
ment from that executive tbat the accusation was unfounded, and in the
event that the Comrade will ever,find
it necessary to:do so, he shall have"
the privilege of publishing that docu-.
ment." Bebel then moved that this
proposed statement be~ granted. "Justice, demands it of us," he asserted
firmly/' ,'".,*.      ."'■"■    -  '
The change wrought'In Liebknecht
by these -words was wonderful.' Jn;
place of his angry countenance, we,
saw before us a mild, kindly face. His
voice softened. He gladly accepted;
the verdict.
The complainant was likewise satisfied.
I left that small gathering deeply
impressed with Bebel's tactfulness
and sagacity. The" conviction grow
on me that as a leader of our movement he was the right man in the
right place.
He was indeod possessed of remarkable tact, of rare judgment and'extraordinary discernment. He never lost
his head, was never too hasty. Every
question presented to him was'thoroughly studied from all angles.
This cast' of mind Is usually deficient in other respects. It is generally
coupled with a cold, hard soul, lacking
In emotion. Men of that mental calibre possess little or no personal'
magnetism. One admires their wit,
envies .their judgment, but • is not
charmed by their personality. They
may excite your mind, but not your
heart. No so Bebel. He was a great
exception to the rule. His tactful mtnd
was joined to a warm heart, his quiet
judgment was united to a charming
soul. ' , o
His intimate friends and 'Comrades
as well as the millions of followers
had for him just as much love' as admiration. His soul was,a happy compound of enthusiasm and keen practical sense. Such natures are very
rare. And this rare combination of
mental qualities was, in my opinion,
the chief reason of his marvelous success as a Socialist leader and of the
wonderful popularity he enjoyed during his-lifetime.
As a rule, the tactful, clever politician produces the Impression' of
shrewdness. In this, too, Bebel was
an exception. He was truly wise without the least suspicion of shrewdness.
His most pointed and most practical
speeches were permeated by profound-
est sincerity;-not a trace of artificiality or sham. I have given instances of
his power of debate. He was a fighter,
a mighty, fearless soldier of the cause.
He was wonderfully quick in trapping
his opponent and in '*. throwing him
■down-with-bne-single -remarkr—But-he-
never used foul weapons. There was
sincerity in his very jokes; all that,
passed his lips came directly from the
heart and entered directly into the
hearts of his listeners.
Little wonder,' indeed, that he was
beloved by his ' bitterest opponents'.
The^ revered him in spite of themselves.
When I visited Bebel in Berlin, the
so-called "Jugend" were causing quite
somo disturbance in the party. ,They
were a group of anarchists, who preferred to remain In the Socialist ranks
and utilize our platform for the propaganda—more or less like the I. W, W,
of this country. Thoy attacked political action and advocated vlolonco. I
uskod Behol for his opinion of this
"I believe that, troublesome as that
movemont Is," ho said, "lt hns its use,
Of courso, their preachment ls childish. But Just bocauso of that our party
cannot be harmed by lt. And the gon-
eral disturbance it raises Ib of volue.
It cnusos discussion, People became
curious and we get a hotter chance to
preach and to explain our prlnolples,
If not such occasional eruptions, wo
might fall asloop."
At the same time, he prophesied a
short Hfo for that movomont, and this
prophecy has long slnco boon fulfilled,
A fow words about Bobol as an agitator. He always spoke simply, clearly and hoarllly. No superfluous phras-
os, no thoatrlcal gestures. Tho effect
on his hearer was always doop and
lie was a raro personality! though
his face' and form were xfot very striking. A gr%&t-:man has generally [some:
thing'in his appearance that draws attention. He,looks great, "different—,
from the common mass. Bebel was a
plain looking man, ordinary an everjy
way, and In, this'perh'aps* consisted. his
real greatness.^-He was .^vpnderfully
practical, clever, sincere^ warin-lifeaft-
ed, and yet always'simple. He,was a
plain man of-the people. 'He never
attended a college. He was self-tutored, self-made, i Hc» wasi indeed, the fitted lea-h|tt'e great movement
of the -people., i.Thi?'"great movfcmentof
the'; workers should have, had"'for "its
leader aman /who" from. Its ranks had
risen into •leaderships-New York'Call.
What is/said to be- the.,first ship- '
ment of .coal from the' Bulkley. Valiey
district in northern British.': Columbia
toa port in southern Britisi' Columbia, i
recently .'oame, from'mines ,15 miles- 7
east of, New. Hazelton, along tiie line
of'the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway-
between   Prince   Rupert -and   Fort
(ieorge.. In addition to /the; demand
for .this coal'in the more settled localities, in southern British Columbia the
future mining and agricultural possibilities of the JBulkley Valley will fur-,
nish in time an excellent market for
this coal.'" -■ * ''  ■
Local Union Directory, Dist.18; 0.M.W.A:
1.22 RIFfcE
Rifles   '
Am muni tinn
«*-»*» AAA   »»««*• WU
Only   High  Grade
irppt in stock Satisfaction. Guaranteed,
[Fernie,     B. C.
No. 2314    i -
^    Meet first, and'third Fridays,-
Miners'   Halli   Fernie;   second
and fourth Fridays, Club' Hall,'
-Coal Creek. Sick Benefit attach-
ed. T. Uphill, Sec.'
Fernie, B.C. '.,'•'
No. 1387
Meet every Sunday,   Sick and
"Accident Benefit Society attached.
N. D. Thachuk, Sec.
Canmore, Alta,
yNo; 1058
Meet second'and fourth Sun-
■- day, in month.   Sick and Benefit
Society attached. '   •
.   J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday
at 2,30 p.m. In the Opera House,
Coleman. J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman,
- ,   No. 2497
Meet every Tuesday evening
in the Athletic Hall at 7.30. Sick
Benefit Society In connection.
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer. B. C.    •'
No; 481        :
Meet every Sunday 3 o'clock
p.m.      • ; *
John Loughran, Sec.
No. 2683
Meet every 'other Sunday, generally second and fourth Sun-'
dnys ln the month'.
i ■   • J. Johnstone. Seo.
. No. 2352 .,
Meet, every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
in' Slovak' Hall. Sick Benefit
Society attached.   .     .
Thosi G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.   P '
No. 949
Meet every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
ln School House, Burmis. No
Sick Society.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
No. 2829
Meet every first apd third
Sunday of each month at 10 a.m.
in Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No
Sick Society.   .
' Thos.. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
- No, 574
Meet every Wednesday even-'
ing at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th
Avenue North,     *   .
' L., Moore, Sec'-Treas.
V. - c i IK
John A, McDonald
Special Representative ■ "*•"■   •'
Sun Life Assurance, Col of Canada
' Agent    . - - t ■ ''V
Singer Sewing Ma chine
><x,;-:,yy        ,'>'/$2.00j;eif. month   ' ;"   ' '  ' ■• -\ ' ■•
' Phone 120 BLAIRMORE  -, Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .•-; , Proprietor
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will furnish your houso from collar to garrot
and at bottom prices, Call, Write, Phono or
Wire.    All /■ ordors given   prompt attention,
If you aro satisfied toll othors,   J f not satisfied toll .us
Steam Heated Throughout
J, L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B, C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Ratca $2,50 per day
With Private Dath |3.00
Fire Proof Sample"
Rooms in Connection
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OOT02EB 4, 1913
/*,- .-.
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
, Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN-   Passburg
P. Garosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
■■•-,,•, i Gents' Furnishings  ''
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?»
For our Foreign Brothers
Gontlnua yia' acca'niio che mai lo
sciopero nelle miniere di rame del
Michigan. Pare che le Compagnie non
vogliano in alcun modo venir a patti
ed; accedere alle giuste domande di
queri derelittl minatori che per anni
furono tenu ti qual schiavi in quelle
miniere, che per anni, per non essere
uniti doyettero contentarsi' di paghe
derlsorie e solo foastantl pervcampare
miseramente la vita.
Si trovano presentemente in quel
distretto minerario i capl della Western Federation of Miners ed i piu" fervent! orgauizzatori, che non badando
al costante pericolo al quale sono sog-
gettl, non facendo caso della sbirraglla
che spia 1 loro passl, continuano a pre-
diCare 11 verbo deU'unlone e le loro
parole sono ascoltate. Quel forti minatori sono convhitl che al tine avran-
no vittoria e coadluvati dalle loro mdg.
11, usano ogni mvzzo per tenere Ind-let-
ro i crumiri dallt} mine.
' Glomalmente avvengono conflltti
fra minatori e guardle delle compagnie, sangue innocente gia' fu sparso,
poveri innocentl furono massacrati,
ma non pertanto, non e' per niente ar-
fievolita la speranza di una ben vicina"
vittoria. ,
Glomalmente nunJerose squadre dl
vigilanza composte di donne. cercano
dl tenere iridletro I crumirl, le pover-
ette nel loro lavoro di propaganda
vengono lassalite dalle guardle e mal-
trattate, ma non per questo s\ perdono
di coragglo, o'sono di grande aiuto per
la vittoria finale.
-In questi giorni fu arrestato Yanko
Terzlch uno dei Direttori della Western Federation- e come pure fu arrestato per ben tre volte 1'amico Bernardo Goggla uno-del piu* ferventi organ-
izzatori. Non per questo hanno ias-
ciato la breccia; ma continuano a por-
tare la loro parola di unionlsmo fra
quel forti minatori, ai quali auguriamo
una sollenne rivendicazione dei loro
Liquor Go.
"**■ :w&£   .■•
Wholesale pealers in
* i
Mail. Order^ receive
prompt attention
Nowhere In the Pass oan be
found In luch a dloplAy of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork. Mutton. Veal,' Poultry, Butter,
EflO«i H'lih, "Imperaior Hami
and Baoon" Lard, 8au«aoe«*>
Wolnert and Bauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 5«
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
sottomettersl' all'ingiustizia, ed allora
ancora, quando ad onta, di queste pe-
core nere, la vittoria e" dalla loro
parte, a costo chi sa di quali sacrifici,
a costo talvolta di sangue sparso, gli
uom-ini che hanno continuato il lavoro
some prima, accettano i vantaggi gua-
dagnatl dai loro fratelll in lotta, come
se niente losse^ e con faceia sorriden-
te e facile coscienza, non calcolando
sulla ldro>vigliaccheria e come se fos-
sero persons oneste.
II non un-ionlsta e' un traditore dei
suoi compagni di lavoro, e" la rovina
del lavoro organizzato. Si puo* dun-
que far sorpresa del perche' gli unionist! non lo possono vede^e dl buon
occhio, Se si, avesse ben a riflettere
sulla cosa, sarebba da trattarli ancor
peggio. —L'Unione.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables:
First claia Horeei for Sale.
Buyi Morpei on Commltlon
George Barton    Phone 78
Si sente soventi dire dai critici:—
"Perche* devono gli unionisti rifiutare
ai lavoraw con quell j con non lo sono?
_Se una persona non desidera di appar-
tenere ad un unione, certamente ne ha
il privHegio, ed i suoi compagni di lavoro: n*n hanno alcum diritto di la-
Non e' vero, essi hanno "ogni diritto,
si in ragione che giustizla. L'unionista
fa grand! 'sacrifici per ottenere cosa
con'sidera sia giusto. Quello non imi-
onista",Invece, raccoglie tutti i v'antag-
gl-senza-aver&-alcun-d.isturbOi—^L'unionista si.-riunisce coi suoi compagni
contro l'avldita' eddngiustizia,dei'padroni e da 11 suo tempo e denaro per la
causa-che ha a cuore. La sua unione
ha da essere manteuta e tenuta in
piedl dalle' contrlbuzi'onl dei membri,
ognuno del membri da 11 suo tempo
nelle Tluhlonl, qualche volta *da molto
del suo tempo per servlre nei comlt-
ati. Lavora e lotta duramente, non
importa cosa gli costi per assicurare,
non solo per lul, ma pure per 1 suoi
compagni lavoratori un giusto compen-
so per il duro lavoro, e se oppresso
dairinglustizia. lul. ln unione al auol
compagni dl fede, rlflula dl lavorare
al patti offertl clal padroni, soffre, pa*-
tlsce la fame; o questo ondo che al
fine tutti possano avere 1 ibeneflcl de-
slderatl. -        l  ,.
II non unlonlBta Invece, lavora senza alcun penslero, accotta apertamente
tutti 1 vantaggi guadagnatl dai softer-
entl loro compagni dl lavoro, o tutto
questo senza offrlrsl por prestare alcun aiuto. Nell'unlono vl o' la forza,
ma quoll'imlono'nolln quale sta la forza o' dlstriitta da quolll cho rlflutano
dl appartonero all'unlone,
GU Bfor/,1 doH'orKanlzzazione sono
resl Infrultuoul, lo Bofformiza del buon
unionisti son roso Inutlll dalla en-ttl-
vorla o vlgllaccliorla dlo non unlonlBtl.
Tutti i voi'l unionisti sono pronti o
formi per la loro unloiio ad ogni tempo
od In qiialunnuo occnslono, e quando lo
clrcoBtnnsio doninndono loro, bo sono
pronti a luBCluro 11 lavoro, rlspondono
uublto nlla chlnmntii con Brando hsictI-
flclo dl so sIobsI o dollo famlgllo, Qtuil
hiu'ii' 11 loro Bontli'ct, quando voilono lo
loro mofill 1 loro bnmblnl sofl'rlro In
fnino, e qui'mto porclio1 non vogliono
troit Free - Press", kateri piSe, da je
tamkaj 98 odstotkov vseh rudarjev v
uniji. Kljub teinu je pa tamkaj prislo
80 mHiCarjev na kbnjili. Ne vemo,
Stavkarska junaklnja
"Miners' Bulltin" prinasa sledeCo po
notarju zapriseSeno/ izjavo sodru2ice
Ane Klemenc, bivajoCe-v Calumtu:
"Stanujem v Red Jacketu in tine 3,
septembra ob §esti uri zjutraj sia sem
v dru2bi veC drugih 2ensk po §esti ces-
ti. Za francosko cerkvijo srecano §est
skebov in dva deputija, ki sta prve
spremljala na delo. Mirno smo rekle
skebom, da naj ne gredo na delo, toda
med pogovorom s skebl skoCila sta na
nas deputija in eden je zavihtel svoj
kolec nad mojo glavo. Prestregla sem
udarac z roko, toda roka je bila
hudo zadeta. Pretepala sta tudi os-
tale 2enske s kolci in metala kamenje
na nas. -Me nismo imele nobenega
Operatorji zavrnill vsak sporazum—
Vojakl na konjlh z goliml sabljaml
napadll stavkarje—Ve6 2ensk ran-
jenlh—Blagajnik American Federa-
tion of Labor oblskal stavkarje—
$14,000 prISlo iz Butte—40 skebov
ostavilo delo.
CALUMET, _Mich„ 13.' sept.—Dr2av-
na milica na ftonjih se je danes zapo-
dila z'golimi sabljami'v rokah.v og-
romno 'mno2ico stavkarjev, njihovih
2en in prijateljev na osml cesti. Vec
oseb, med katerimi je bilo najveS
ienak, so konji podvli na tla in- jim
prizadjall lahke poskodbe. Me'sto je
polno stavkarjev. Na tisofie jlh je
prISlo iz obolice. 2e ob Sesti uri zjutraj so bile ulice'tako natlace'ne, da je
bil vsak promet neniagoc. Stavkarji
so mirno demonstrirali v velikanskem
obhodu. Zvedeli so namreC, da so kra-
Iji bakra z Jlmom McNaughtnom na
Celu ponovno" zavrnili vsak sestanek z
zastapniki unije. in ponovno odrekli
vsak sporazum in tudi vsako formo
zastopnlkl unije in ponovno odrekli
vzbudilo veliko nevoljo med delavci in
demonstracija je, bila toliko ve5ja.
Deputi-gerifi so skakali kot posasti
semintje, toda,proti ogromnemu vaiu
ljudstva so bili brez vsake mo5i. Tedaj
so Serifi klicali",na pomoC milico ih
vecja.tolpa konjikov se je takoj odz-,
vala in napadia' mirno mnoZico, ki ni
storila nice'sar drugega. kakor da je
izraSala protest proti kraljem bakra,
ki s svojo trmoglavostjo drve v gotdv*
proaz.     ,-, _    '
John B. Le'nnon, glavni blagajnik
American Federation of Labor, je
prisel vSeraj iz Washingtona v bakre-
no okrozje,- kjer ho imel tri velike
shodi so zdm^eni z obhodi. ' Prihod
v znani Palestri na Lauriuniu. Vsi tri
shodi so zdru*eni z, obhodi. Prihod
Lennona je zopet mrzel curek za kap-
italiste, ki vedno trdijo, da American
federation of Labor ne odobrava in
ne podpira tega fitrajka. Resnica pa je,
da-je A. F. of L; z dvema millonoma
organiziranih delavcev zastavila vse
mo51, da zagotovi zmago rudarjem v
mlchiganskem bakrenem okroiju.
Rudarji Iz Butte poalall $14,000
Iz Butte, Mont; je doiel brzojav, da
je tamoSnja rudarska unija sklenlla
poslatl $14,000 v pomofi stavkarjem v
bakrenem okro?,ju. Vst delavci brez
razllke in tudi trgovcl v Butte so zelo
navduSenl za svoje stavkajofie brate
v Mlchiganu in hoCojo etorltl vse, da
jim pomagajo v boju.
Zadnjl torek na rednl sejl unije v
italljanslt'l dvofanl je poloZllo zavozo
57 novlh 61anov, kl so prlatoplll prej-
Snji teden. To je najboljsl dokaz, ka-
ko la2ejo kapltallstiCnl llsti, kl veno-
mer poroCajo, da so stavkarji "vrafia-
jo na delo". ' Na drugi strani pa kap-
ItnllstlCne cunjo nofiejo porofiatl, da so
Jo te dnl poslovllo 40 skebov ov Calumet and Kecltla kompnnljo. Slcobjo so
uvldoll, dn nlso kos loSkomu rudnlftke-
mu dolu In Sll so tin vse strani, Usmllllo
so jlh Jo pnr trgovcov In fill sq Jim
poningnt. Mod toml Jo tml I ItnlljiuiHkl
DieHiu' .Batlsto .Mnrto iv. Laiirliimii, katorl Jo vrgol bvoJ boll joplC In predpnB-
nik vstrnn In fiol v jnmo skobat, Sev-
odn, plnfial bo drago svojo skobarljo,
knjtl dolavccm no bo vefi prodnjnl
Nnjlopfia BolldiinioBt vlada mod mil-
arjl v Kowoonnw Couliiy, Tain nllifio
no dola nltl no poskufiii dolntl, To
prlzimjo tudi knpltiillBtlfinl Hat "De.
(M'ners' Bulletin in izvirna poroCila.)
Mrs. Mary Puhek, katera ima ve5
rojakov na stanovanju na sedml cestl
v Red Jacketu, je dala tlstim, ki Bpad-
ajo v mil jo, ultimatum: All na delo,
all se pa selite! DICna gospa Puhek
seveda tudi spada v KlopClCevo Credo.
Ako gospa Puhek ne neha pomagati
skebariji, bomo posegu nazaj v njeno
zgodovino, v tisto dobo. ko je na Hecli
gospodarll captain Wilson in ko je bilo
delo na prodej za $50 do $100. Ta zgo-
dovina je za gospo Pulikovo zelo Crna.
Torej pozor! — (Eden stavkarjev.
Champion Copper County Company
je obvestila nekatere stavkarje, ki
stanujejo v Tvjenib lusah, da naj gredo
na delo aii pa- sclijo ven. Unija je pa
izposlova la proti druBbi sodnijsko
prepoved, da ne sme, nlkogar vreCi iz
svojih hi§, ker to je proti pogodbi, katera jebila sklenjena med druZbo in
^doticnlki, ki so prevzela stanovanja.
O vzdrZnosti te prepovedi bo sodis5e
obravnavalo 15. sept. Dobro je, da en-
krat tudi kapitalistl okusijo tisto oroz-
je, katerega tako radi vporablajo proti
delavcem: injunction.
Eden yojakov, kateri patrulira v
Calumetu, je v privatnem pogovoru iz-
javil, da se mnJUe studi taka sluzba.
"Jli nimamo nObenega businessa tukaj"—dejalje vojak — mi nismo Sli
k vojakom, da streljamo strajkarje,
temve5 da branimo domovino." Kadar
bo tako mislila veCina vojakov, tedaj
zapoje kapitalizmu smrtna ura.
Stroski ta vzdrZavanje milice v stav-
kafskem okrozju do 1. sept, so narasli
na $200,000. Vsak dan stane priblizno
$2000. Waddell-JIahonove barabe so,
dobile zamesec avgust $10,334.83, po-
sebni deputiji $4,208.75, za voZnjo- v
avtomobilih je Slo $1650 in za oroZje
ter streljivo $2140. Poleg' tega se pa
raCuna, da imajo drufcbe izubepribli?.-
njih 40_miliono_Y_dolaide_Y_odkar_traja,
Strajk. Kako iraenitno zna gospodariti
kapitalistiCna vlada! ■   r
'Neki skeb, kateri je delal dva dni
pri C. & H. in potem opustil skebarljo,
je dobil za dva dni —$4.92, torej po
$2.46 na dan. Delal je od polu sedmih
zjutraj do petlh popoldne. Kollko-je
bil torej na bolj§em?;Ali se mu je grdo
Izdajstvo splaCalo?' Prav mu je!
A "Ledger" adv. Is an
List of Locals District 18
No. Name 8ec. and P. O. Addren
20 BnuUhcad , V. Whnntloy, Dunldiuiul, Alia,
4S1 Tlonvor Oroolt J, Loiiglirnn, Boavcr Creole, via Pluohor, Alta,
ini Tt  u   ...  . -, ,-     ,        . -  . •
.,. *.< ^..« . ■* . ,, , *.,,,,.,,,, UI-.U.-*..*   b-.vtltt,.\',   trtJJt.   utl,   i.C.I^I^V,   ,V.,viX,
3103 Blairmore W. L. 1:3van», Hlnlrmoro, Alta.
919 BurmlB ,.,. T. 0, Ilarrlon, 1'iiBBburg, Altn.
2237 Cnrbondnlo J, Mltcholl, Cnrbondnlo, Colomnn, Alta.
1387 .Cnnmoro...,...,, N. I). Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.
'2633 Coloin/in ,1, Johnstone, Colomnn, Altn,
2877 CorMh J. Jones, Corbin, II. O.
112ft rhlnooV 3Mncn Jau, Itovuo, Chinook, vtiv Diamond CUy, Alta.
8178 Diamond City ,,.,J. H. Thomlilll, Diamond City, LothbrldRO.
SS'M Yornln Tlion, T^phlll, Fernlo, II. C.
J2C3 Frank Kvnn Morgan, Franli, Altn.
2497 Iloimer , W. Ualdorutono, Hoimor, 11, C.
1058 Hlllcrest Jai, Gorton, Ilillcront, Alu.
674 UthbriilBc L. 'Mooro, 1751 SUth Avenue, N, Lothbrldgo.
1189 LothbrlilBo Colllorlp*..Frank Ilnrrlngliam, Coalhur«t, Alta.
3829..Maplo I<ea(....,..,,...T. G. Harrlen, PaitburR, Alta.
2321 Mlchol II. Riu-br, Mlchul, B, C,
14 Monarch Mlnei Wm, Hynd, Blcan P, O., Taber, Alta.
23.42 PftinbuTg T, O, Harries, Paiibqrg, Alta.
S689 Jloyal View..,. Geo. Jordan, Royal Colllerlei, Lothbrldite, Alta,
102 Taber. ,,. A. Patterwn, Tatar, A1U. ittliCII
Upward of tour hundred, and nine
thousand members paid1 in, per capita
tax for the month of August.
Considering the locals that failed to
report to the International In that
month, the men on strike, or exonerated for other reasons, It is safe to
say that more than four hundred and
fifty thousand of the coal minora on
this continent are in good standing in
our organization,
While wo aro vory proud of tho wonderful Increase in membership we recognize, also tho wolght of tho responsibility that rests upon tho officials,
upon tho administrations, International, nnd district.
Four hundred and fifty thousand
mon with thoso dependent on thorn.
A conservative estimate would bo a'
million nnd three-quarters of people,
whoso wol-faro depends, to a groat extent on tho wisdom nnd forethought of
tho officials to whom thoy hnvo ou-
trusted the nffoIi'B ot the organization
for tho tonus of their respective offices. <•
•Crortlt must bo necordnd to tho
proHont International nilmlnlHlrntlon,
wliopo policies aro largely rnnpoimlb1o
for tlio wonderful growth of thu organization In tlio bint two yoni"".
Put lent, iKii'BOverlng iiilnnloimry
work bus boen In progrnflH In nil of
tlio unorganized l'lohlH. Tlio ground
Iiiih been well prepared; prmilpltiito,
lll'CoiiHldernd striken hnvo been din-
cournKod, Kdiicntlon rather than utrlfi)
Reeking Ib the policy thnt lion proven
by rnaiiltH to bo tlio Iruu wny tu pro-
And tito near futuro will further
prove thn window of tlio polk-lim
A few more yearn of careful, pains-
Inking odiicntloniil iiilBHionni'y work
w(ll bring un to the goal we hnvo ho
lon.i boon Htrlvlng to ri'!ieh~thn or-
Knnlxntlnn of nil Hioho who work In
and around the minus, In overy part
of tho continent. . Aud In ovory unorganized or partly organized field cure-
ful, capable men aro bimlly employed
In thlrt nitei*ttnary educntlotial work.--
U. M. W, A. Journnl.
An-nvillei; ti. iVi- Pi .'..irt'iK-vt (.f l.'i*
hor there nro 100,120 members of
trado unions In Canada, nbout two pnr
cont. of tho population.
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
,   Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
Baljl at 2d a      Restored at 30.     Still have it at 55,
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A. NICK FULL HEALTHY head ot hair on a clean and healthy scalp, IreB
from Irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and Irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES ON TUB SCALP or an Itchy Irritation is positive proof your hair
and scalp ls In a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one ot the followIngParastlclal Diseases ot the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Excema)
and certain to result In absolute baldness unless cured before the germ
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair ls absolutely  unnecessary  and  very  unbecoming.
ALL DISEASES OF THE llAUl fade away like dew undor my scientific
treatment, and I posltiely havo the only system of treatment so ■ far
known to science that la positively and permanently curing diseases
of tho hair and promoting new growth. Tho hair can be fully restored
to Its natural thickness and vitality on aU heads that still show fine hair
or fuzz to provo the roots are not dead.
I HAVE A PEUFECT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment '(WRITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full ~ particulars. Enclose stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
"Consult thc Best and Profit by 25 Tears Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist "
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Gall in and
see us once
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your hill any Item of lumber not
found Just as. we represented., There
ls no hocus pocus in <
This Lumber Business
When you caul spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In. a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always-come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance,
are taking chances they wouldn't en-,
counter if they bought their lumber
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
•■ ■— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   8ash   and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldlnfls,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,925,000
Reserve and Undlvld. Total Asseta      72,000,000
cd Profits         8,100,000
O. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Fres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Gold en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver nnd Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
Silt KDMUNI) WALK 12U, C.V.O., I.L.N., D.C.I... I'renlilcnt
General Mnnnuer Asulslant General Msnsger
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by Tlio Canadian Hnnk of Commerce enable tbe tnivcller to
provide himself with funds without delay nt ench point of his journey in
,n convenient yet inexpensive manner. Tliey nre issued payablo in every
country in the world in clenomin.itions of
$10,   $20,   $50,   $100,   $200
with thc exact equivalent in the moneys of the principal countries stated
on the luce ol e.tdi cheque,    ittcy uie economical, uimmuviy hale s.cit-
identifying and easily negotiated. as
L. A. 8. DACK, Manager. FERNIF  BHANCH
tn1>!l«li thn H«lit Imur workdny In Cul-t
ICornli*. liy law, Uu; .SoelullAtu lmvo
taken up tlio work or olnnlulnjj 50,-flOO
verified BifimUuroH, ueeennary to put
tho mnuMiri! on thn ballot to bo votud
on ut tlio eomltiK <*l-'<ilrm, By the co«
operation of Iho twin unionist* nnd
tbo HoclallHtB, 80.1*31 RtKUHtttrf-a lmvo
t.ppu obtained to 'dntc, nnd now that
quirk nctlon Is umbtl, \.v BorhllM*
nro tttrnlnlng ovcry <ffort to win tbo
olKht hour day thr<*',i;'.:j i' ni.-l.til'.n- a
jirl«« which Ibcy lii*l-U I* worth tho
SMMs Gum
Tbtr« »»« «»«tiy »»*i«g» «t««»u»lt dv*n*d »ill» th* Hem» H»»k f*' »p*cl»l
tonm; ht in«UiM«—• houwhuMrr »n»r ♦* *»**»inr *>f <» n>*i* pn1"*"'
Imt a miirltrii{« nil hi« liouw; or in puf a ttrrimiim .Ml h.t lilr tn«ur»mrr. tt
r»irut»' pr*ttir« wilh m»ny H«rw Hank drprtiiw* to »>p«t tp«i*l MnHintt
•*wlit>«rpi>>**>«<*4 l« »<!tli«lf*»r ih« n.«s»)r »t *b* »«4 i*t ikt *~. mtMtX...
'tt, whm ibtf h»*« «»liy«ltt to »•->« thi o«.«»«t» p»)mtrB|. *f
IIO ornct.w  TfiDftNTfJ    JAMI»MA»ON
I. T. MACDONALD, Man ago r
)RIA AVI.t -:- -:- rtRNIt, B.O. PAGE EIGHT
Our Men's
Men's Suits and Overcoats will be displayed in
our window for Saturday selling at very attractive prices. The values offered this week are exceptional. We will make a special display of new
imported Tweed Suits, tailored on the very latest
models. Tliis week we will combine these new
Tweed Suits with new "Winter Overcoats in our
window at  ':     $15.00
Men's Sweaters
In All Styles
Coats, Roll Collars and V-necks. Ask to see our
Heavy Wool Coat Sweater with deep collar ancl
two pockets.   Special at .--.     $1.75
Men's Extra Heavy Coats at $3.50, $4.00 and up
to $10.00 each.
Men's V-neck Sweaters. Special Saturday at
$1.50 each. ,Othcr lines at $2.00, $3.00 and up" to
Men's- Heavy Double Knit-Roll-neck Sweaters
in Black, Navy, Brown, Grey and White at Special
$1.50 each.
-   Other lines at $2.50, $3.50 and up to $5.00 each.
Amherst Shoes
For Hard Knocks '
Every time you see Amherst Home-Made stamped on a Shoe is a positive guarantee that it is made
of Solid Leather throughout.
The time of year has arrived when working men
want a good strong Shoe to keep the feet off the
cold ground. Buy a pair of our Solid Leather
Shoes.   They give satisfaction.
$10.00 Serge Dresses for $6.50
in'. I - _      -     . ,
Stylish man tailored Dresses, made of men's wear serge in shades
of Navy, Black, Saxe, Tan and Check. This Dress is made exactly as
illustrated; Satin collar, velvet bow, four buttons in front. Sleeves
are full length, finished with cuff. Front of dress has one-inch pleat
down the front and the back made with three pleats.   All sizes.
Special each, $6.50 , *
Flannelette Wear
For Children. FlanneletteNightgowns'for girls and boys, made
with double yoke, turnover collars and double cuffs, finished witli
rows of feather stitching, extra heavy quality, ages 4 to 14.
Prices 65c, 75c, 85c, 90c and $1.00     *'
Dent's Gloves for Women
Let your Fall Gloves be "Dent's" and you will,have absolute
glove satisfaction.' They are made of the finest selected kid skins on
up-to-date patterns. They, fit well and give excellent satisfaction.
The fall stock embodies all the season's correct shades in, all sizes.
Price per pair,$1.50
0 "
Winter Weight Vests & Drawers
In either White or Natural Color. The Vests are;,high neck and
long sleeves and the Drawers are both open and closed;
Saturday Special, each 35c
Children's Winter Dresses
In Serges, Velvets, Panamas and Bedfords. Made in all the newest styles and trimmed with fancy Silk Braids, Silks and Satins. The
colors, Navy, Cardinal, Brown, Saxe and Checks, and the prices are -,
85c to $8.50
Specials for Saturday
-\ ■,   7
Molasses Snaps ..."..;........ .v....... 2 lbs.
Christy's Fruit & Cherry. Cake ...... per lb.,
1 Two-in-One Shoe Polish '...'.a.'.  3-tins.
Krinkle Corn Flakes '... 2 packets
St. Charles Family Cream  " per tin
Bulk Cocoanut' ;.-.... per lb.
Fry's Cocoa ;......; y« lb. tin
Kelowna Peaches, 2 lb. tins  2 for,
Kelowna Wax Beans, 2 lb. tins each
Kelowna Tomatoes, 3 lb. tins \... 2 for
Clover Leaf Salmon per tin
.Armour's Shield Hams . A. .,. per lb.
Armour's Banquet Bacon per lb.
Queen-Quality Pickles  20 oz.
Paragon Pickles ...'  40 oz.
Siam. Rice   '.   4 lbs.
White Rose Toilet Soap  6 bars
Brown Windsor Toilet Soap ,per doz.
Imperial Maple Syrup  y2 gallon tin
Sweet Wrinkle Peas ;..'.•  2 "tin's
Tetley's Brown Label Tea ....'.; 3 lb. packet
• Blue Ribbon Coffee  per lb.
Braid's Big Four Coffee, fresh ground, ,2 lbs.
Lyman's Beef, Iron & Wine ...... per bottle
Scott's Emulsion large size
\   Children's Hats
Suitable for children, from 3 years to 10 years;
also Boys' Felt Hats for boys, age 6 years to 16
years. "   '''     '
Special Saturday, 75c each
"Money Saving Prices
J       lm*   1   Ue
The Store of
' Quality
The Corporation of the
City of Fernie
- —   —
BY-LAW NO. 140
A By-law to negotiate an Agreement granting eerUxin concessions
and privileges to Joseph II. Frankel, of the City of Fernie, in the
Province of British Columbia,
WHEREAS tho Municipal
Council of the Corporation of tho
City of Fernie has tho power to
pass a By-law for negotiating an
Agreement granting certain concessions and privileges to Joseph
II. Frankel.
AND WHEREAS t'ho said Joseph II. Frankel has made application to tho said Municipal Council
for certain exemption from taxation and certain concessions, and
ih consideration thereof has
agreed to erect and maintain an
abattoir and cold, storage plant in
tjio City of Fornio.
AND'WHEREAS it has been
doomed expedient to negotiato an
Agreement granting mich concussions and privileges to tho said
Joseph II. Frankel.
AND WHEREAS it is iiocoh-
sary  for  Ihe  purpose  aforesaid
' that tho Electors of tlio City of
Fernie hIiiiII assent to hucIi Agree-
cipnl Council of tho Corporation
of tho City of Fornio, in Council
aHHwn'hlod, enactstm follows:—
1. Tlmt tho Mayor and tlio
Clerk of the Coriforotion of the
Cily of'Fornio bo nnd thoy nro
hereby authorized on bnhiilf of Iho
Corporation,of tho City of Fernie'
to oxecuto a eorta'm Agreement
made i between tho Corporation ol
tho City, of I'uniiv! uf tins .'Ut*l pari
ami Joseph li. Frankel of tho second part to bo -tinted, the day on
which this By-law.Khali take of-
feet, vvlni'li said Ajfrfiomont is
jiittrKw* "A" mi thn iiftii- p«gM
thereof and a truo copy bf such
Agreement is puhlishfal herewith,
and to attach the Corporate Seal
of thc Corporation thereto.
2. This By-law may be cited
for all purposes us "The Joseph
IT. Frankel Concession By-law,
3. This By-law shall eome into
lore* -and take effeet on the Eighteenth day of October, A. 1). 1913.
t Head it finrt, kmom. and "third
time nud luiutal Uu>. Twenty-ninth
dny of September, A, 3>. 1013. ;..*..
TAKE NOTICE thnt the above
is a true copy of the proposed By-
Jaw upon which the vote of thc
Municipality will be taken at 'the
Council Chamber, City Hall, Fer-
nie, B, C, on tho Sixteenth day of
October, A. D. 3013, between tho
hours of ten o'clock in tho forenoon and eight o'clock in thc af-
Dated at Fernie, B. C, October
lst, A. D. 1913.
 City Clerk.
THIS INDENTURE made ln dupll-
cnto tho day of "
A. D. 1013.
CITY OF FERNIE, for Itself, Its bug-
cosaorB and assigns, hereinafter called
the "City,"
JOSEPH H. FRANKEL, of tlio City
of Fornlo, In Iho Provlncn of .British
Columbia, 'Morchnnt, horohinfter called tlio "Purty," , '
WHEREAS the Party of tlii Second
Pnrt Is desirous of orectllig and operating an iitvto-dnto Abattoir on Block
Forty.Fotir'ftl) within tlio limits of
the, City of Fornlo, nnd has mado an
application to tlio said City to grant
lilm certain privileges and concessions
ns hnrolnnftor set forth,
AND WHEREAS It nna boon doom-
ml PVfiAillnnt If* flnnnttnto in ni»vr**n.
mont granting such prlvllnnes and pod.
cessions to the Party of tho Socond
Pun upon tho terms nnd conditions
un hereinafter sot forth.
AND WHEREAS It Is necessary to
the validity of such nRre-wn-mit tha*
the electors of the City of Pernio glial!
assent to same In manner provided by
tho Municipal Act and amendments
AND WHEREAS the said electors
have so assented,
NBSSBTH that In consideration of the
pi'tiiufcutt und of tint cuvuitanU herein-
after contained the said City hereby
covenants with the said Party of the
Second Part, and tho Party of tlio Sec
ond Pert hereby covenants with the
aald City ua follows:—
' I, Tha Party of ttw Swcoiui lUri
will forthwith upon the signing and
sealing of these presents purchase
from the Government of the Province
of British Columbia, Block Forty-iFour
(44) In the Townsite of Fernie Annex,
Plan 734A.    .
2, The Party of the Second Part
wiil erect on "said Block Forty-four
(44) wlthiiuthe limits of'the City of
Fernie, an up-to-date abattoir and cold
storage plant, the building for such
abattoir and plant tb bo In measurement not loss than sixty by eighty'
feet, with a full concrete foundation
and basement and to have a one-story
superstructure, with brick veneer
throughout such superstructure, the
cost, of such building with its equipment to be about Twelve Thousand
Dollars ($12,000).
3, Tho Party of tho Second Part ls
to have such building sufficiently advanced ln construction and entirely
coverod in to commence tho buslnoss
which ho Intends to carry on, by tho
Second day of July, A, D. 1814, and
will commonce business fully equipped
not lntor thnn snid date and will havo
tlio building fully completed and brick
voncorod not later than tho Kith day
of October, A. D. 1014.
4, Tho Party of tho Socond Part
from tho First day of July, A. D, IOH,
for a period of six years la to maintain
and operate the said abattoir as a going concorn, ngreoing to havo nt no
tlmo during tho Bald porlod loss than
six paid empIoyooB domiciled within
tho limits of tho City of Fornlo.
B. Tho Party of the Socond Part Is
to build at or boforo the First day of
July, A. D. 1014, or nt suoh oarllor dnte
as he may start to operate a oovon
foot bonrd fonco around tho entire
■block with tho exception of tho north-
wost Hldo, which facos directly on tho
prosont tracks of the Great Northern
Railway now running In a northeasterly by northerly direction, nnd will
maintain tho said fence during the
said porlod In good condition.
0. The Party of the Second Part Is
not nt any time to carry on any for
Miking buslnoss on tho mild property
and'to observe from time to tlmo the
sanitary regulations that may bo laid
ti'uwn oy uio iK'Hiti| .Oincvr. ior Uiv
lluiv lAtiii ut iivt CU)'. vt'.rt.'.-iiiti *.it.*'
big the term hereof,
7. In consideration of the said covenants and conditions being performed from tlmo to tlmo and at nil tlmoa
tty tftu I'iiny ■hemo ot tne tttiecmii
Part, tho said City hereby covenant*
bb follows:—
(a) To exempt Block 44 aforesaid
and all the Improvements to be erected
by the falty Party of the Second Part
thereon Including any building* which
he might be actually tiling from time
to time for the bousing of hlmielt or
his employees or while inch building*
•bill be vacant, from Municipal taxation of any nature, tor a period of tlx
years from the first dny of January,
A. D. 1814, but Mich exemption not to
untend to *uy balldluK** which might
be erected thereon and used for the
housing of people other than the Party
of the Second Part and his employees.
(b) To furnish the Party of the
Second Part with a free and sufficient
water supply for six years,'not to,exceed four .thousand (4000) gallons per
day, from the second day of July, A.
D. 1914, such supply to be used by the
Party of the Second Part for his abattoir and- cold storage'lousiness and for
any houses which may be erected on
the said premises whilst-they are aot-
"ally being occupied by the Party of
the Second Part or his employees.
(c) To allow tho Party of the Socond Part to use the sewer adjoining
Block 44,, for a period of six years
from the socond day of July, A. D.
1914, but tho Party of the Socond Part
ls to himself mako and maintain all
connections between the sewer as now
laid ajid the place whero he wishes to
uso the sewer, and at no time will the
Party of the Second Part allow any
material to go into tbe sewer which
would ibe likely to block It up.
(d) To exempt th'o Party of tho
Socond Part from the second day of
July, A, D. 1914, for a porlod of six
years, from tho Ono Dollar .per month
per horse power chargo now In forco
in tho City of Fernlo for the users of
powor, and to grant thc Party of the
Socond Part a rato for power purposos
the same as to Its most favored customers, on tho basis of tho scale from
time to tlmo In forco tn tho City of
(e) Tho City hereby consents to
tho Party of tho Second Part constructing a level crossing from tho
Croat Northern Railway In to Block
44, and agrees to loud Its assistance
at nil times to tho Party of tho Socond
Part, with tho Railway Commission or
otherwise, so that suoh crossing may
bo constructed but the Party of.tbe
Socond Part la to pay all oxponsoB In
connection therewith.
(f) Tbo Party of the Second Part
shall hnvo tlio right to closo In the
lane at prosont In Block 44, and should
tbe Party of the Second Part nt nny
tlmo roqulro It the City shall take the
necessary stops to havo tho Inno lo-
nl.,**,.    •.!.' ...   1     1   ,    I 111 »   ,1
ir'      *.        '  '.-»',,.*,    ".I,    ...     .».«.      ....... ..^i.     „,     »«..,
Pnrtv nf 1ho Rwnnfl Vnrt VntW mc\i
lano Is closed, nnd should such Inno bo
legally closed, tho title thereto -shall
remain In the snid City and the City
shall have the right of Ingress, egresa
nnd   vnttrttntf  nl   nil  ♦!«?»>••?  f«t> tht\  n**T-
peso of fixing Ita sewer and wator
mains go|ng through the sal A Block,
and the Party of the Second Part will
at no time during the term of thia
ngreemont construct anything on the
aald property which will In any wa*
interfere with tho said malni or bow-
era and nothing that wilt prevent the
aald City from full right* of Ingres*,
iigresa and regrew, Mi the Pairty of
the Becsad Party *h*ll tun* the right
to keep aald lane closed to long aa he
ahall continue to operate aald abattoir
and cold storage plant ■• well after
th* eiptratlon of the tatd term of ni*
yeart as during tha aald tarn.
8. * The failure of the Party of the
Second Part to observe any or all of
the covenants herein contained shall
warrari't the said City in forthwith terminating this agreement, by^ giving to
the Party of the Second Part a notice
in writing, either delivered to the
Party of the Second Part or posted on
tho said premises stating that sucli
agreement ls determined and thereupon all concessions or' privileges
hereby granted to tho Party of the
Second Part shall cease.
AND AGREED that theso presents
and everything therein contained shall
respectively enure to the benefit of
and be binding upon tho parties here,
to, thoir heirs, executors, administrators, successors and as-ilsus rospoct-
City has caused tho corporate seal
thereof to be hereunto annexed and
tho signature of tho Mayor and the'
City Clerk thoroof to bo horounder
written and the Party of tho Second
Part hna signed bis nnmo and afflxod
his seal, the day and yoar first abovo
in the proBonco of
PUBLIC .NOTICK i« hereby (jiv-
on to the olectors of tho Munici-
palitv of tho City of Fornio tlint I
roquiro tho prosenco of tho naid
eloetoi'H at tho .Council Chamber,
City Ilnll, Fornlo, B. C, on tho
Sixtoonth day of October, A. D.
101U, between tlio hours of ton
o'clock in tho forenoon nnd eight
o clock in the afternoon for tho
purpose of voting on By-law No.
140, being a By-law to authorize
the Mayor and City, Clerk, on behalf of the Corporation,of the City
of Fernie, to execute and attach
the seal of the said Corporation to
a certain agreement between the
said Corporation of the City of
Fern'ie ancl Joseph II. Frankel,
which said proposed By-law' and
agreement are published herewith,
of which every porson is hereby
required to take notice and govern himself accordingly.
Given under iny hand at Fernie,
B. C, this first dny of October, A.
D. 1013.
Returning Officer.
Grand Master Robort Dudley, of tho
I. O, O, F„ leavoB on Saturday morning's train to make hts official tbur of
the wholo ot British Columbia. Altogether about 67 lodgOB will bo visited,
which will necessitate him bolng absent from tho city for ovor two
FHRNIK, B. C Sopt. 30.—Mount
Fernlo chapter, Daughters of tho Empire, has presonted tbe city with a
supply ot garbage cans. This Is the
first stop taken by this society In
their achomo for tho boautlflcatlon of
tho city.
Tho nbovo clipping from tho Nelson
Nows, While wo cannot but appreciate the efforts of "our daughters" In
their endoavor to "beautify" this town,
we think that a closoly woven
baaket attachod to tho tolophono
or lighting poles would havo answered tho purpose and stood much
Jobs chanco of damago than tho ptoh-
ont row of sontinoMIko vormllllon-
painted tin cans, Truly our conception of tho acsthotlo finds varlod interpretation.
Classified Ads.-Ceot a Word
FOR RENT—'Modern .five roomed"-
houso with meat kitchen, cellar, toilet, electric Hghtf-jApply W. BaHon.
FOR SA-LE—Chei^iujicalled for Suits.
.Pants, Overcoatfe;" yosts and Ladies' ,.,,
Coats.   Pantdriupi jailors, over Mc-   '
Lean's Drug Stoj-o.   < 84
WANTED—Engineer vfJth B. C. first'
class papers;  must ibe thoroughly'
competent, reliable and sober; good
wagOB.  Apply, giving references, to
Box 1175 Fernlf, B. d 72
SALE OR EXCHANGE fyart cash)—
160 acres homosteaded, fenced, situated 4 mllos from G. T. P. town
(Throo Hills, Altly, 8 miles from C.
P, R. town (Acme), about G5 miles
1 north east of-Calgary, on G. T. P.;
eplendld wheat or mixed farming
land; 80 news under cultivation;
dlBtrlct one 'i^the boBt In Alberta.
For particulars apply H. A„ box 380,
-Fernie, 13. CA 78
LOST—Dog; Monday on 4 p.m. train,-
Coal Crook;, black and brown h,\lf-
brod dashchund; answers to name
of "Toddy." Anyone harboring same
will be prosoouted. • Porson giving
information to L. Morton, Coal
Crook, or pollco, which will load to
recovery, will be rewarded.        78
FOR SALE—8 roomed house ou Mo*
iPhorson Avenue; easy terraa. Ap-
ply to Wm. Wlnstanloy, P. 0, Bex
488, Pernio, B, C. 74
MINERS LOOK—Every man who haa
a wlfo should also have a home on
a fruit farm In Croston, You can
buy no good land, as thore I* in IJ.
C. from R. Lamont. Croston, 0. C.
Only email payment* required.   82
O, IJ, Croston (grown on my own
property), Wrlto mo your beat offer.  R. Lamont, Croston, D. O.    81
.       ■        ,,       9.        *9,.9.      *.. -.--*i*„.«0 *-, * *•♦!»•*##»*» *»t*»«fc* A*****) * *»f      •*♦*—     V -!.*■*+ ».—«*... *, *W -
ii  i*,X,*Clii *■
Depleting the life of tbe Krittah Ballon and Soldier* on Sea and Und.
Rex Drama
. THE $10,000 BRIDE
gjTfff Power* Comedy
S Re«l "Betalr" (French) European Boelrty Drama.


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