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The District Ledger 1913-08-30

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industrial Vu\y is Strength.
No. 1, Vol. vn.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
$1.00 A YEAR
No better evidence of the esteem
and respect with which he was held
could have been given than the nuin-
ber of personal friends, the distance
they travelled, and the host of floral
tributes that adorned' the coffin containing tbe last remains of Jonathan
Graham which were interred at Coleman last Saturday.
The sudden demise came as a shock
to his many friends. And they cer-
.tainly were many, for Jonathan pos-
* sessed that auiet, frank charm of personality which made friends without
. gush or affectation, and to be admitted to his friendship was to know and
respect him always for the man. Tho
heartfelt sympathy of all goes out to
the widow and four month child who
must mourn his loss.
-. -William Graham, Vice president District 18, U.' M. W.'of A.; is the sole
survivor of the family of aixt having
lost father, step-mother and two brothers in the Frank slide. To him the
loss is a tragedy, the poignancy ,of
which none can conceive. x
Mr. 0. E. S. Whiteside, president,of
the International Coal & Coko Co., and
the vice president ,(Geo. Clair) were
present ahd walked in procession.
Friends were present from Coal Creek,
Fernie, Passburg, Hillcrest, Blairmore,
' Michel, in fact every camp in the Pass
was represented.
The cortege, wliich was the largest
y ever seen in Coleman, was drawn up
' as follows! The" band, playing Dead
March; Football Club; casket, borne
by members of team; relatives; the
Eagles; Co-operative staff; rigs and
The" following floral tributes were
received:   Crow's Nest Pass League,
Coleman Football Club, Fraternal Order of Eagles   (Coleman), Fraternal
,   Order of Eagles (Bellevue), Co-operative   Society   Employees   (Coleman),
.. Mr. and Mrs^-P. Hughes (Fernie) | air.
antfMrs. Hill "(Coleman), Mr. and'Mrs.
Eastwood   (Coleman),  Mrs.   Stephenson and Mrs. Jenkins (Michel), Miss
.   May Moore (Coleman), Mr. and Mrs.
Kellock (Coleman), Mr. and Mrs. Mc-
Kibbon (Coleman), Mr, Jones and Mr.
Murr (Coleman). .,*,
The remains were Carried to the
Church of England, from the undertaking parlors, where-1 the service was
conducted by Rev. Watkln' Jones and
his assistant, At, tho graveside tbe
burial service of the Fraternal Order
of Eagles was recited. s
The deceasod'was an accountant by
profession and at one time held a position in the capacity at the Co-opera
tive store, Coleman afterwards taking
over the billiard rooms and running
same until his death, Tbe billiard
rooms were closed from the day of
Jonathan's death until after burial.
Card of Thanks
We are asked by the relatives of deceased to express their sincerest and
most earnest thanks for the many floral tributes and expressions of sympathy extended.
Mrs. .1. Graham, >JIr. W. Graham and
family desire to thank ail friends for
kind sympathy in their sad bereavement; also for beautiful floral tributes sent, it being impossible to reply to all, they are so numerous.
The Fernie Athletic Association appear determined to surpass all other
occasions with tlieir program of sports
for the first. With the race track
completed and in fine shape, and the
centre of the grounds in excellent
condition for baseball, football and
lacrosse, there is not the slightest
doubt that the Association has now
the finest sports ground in the Pass.
As many as - eleven horse races have
been scheduled and thes no doubt,
■will'be the best feature of the day.
Macleod, Frank, Wardner and Fernie
will compete for baseball money, and
■Hosmer and Fernie "will be in the running for the football dough, which will
take place with the lacrosse in the
forenoon. The prices are as follows:
Gents, 50 cents; ladies, 25-cents.
■A grand ball has been arranged for
the evening, The following is the
list of events:
Lacrosse; Fernie versus "'   '
Football; Fernie versus Hosmer.
Bicycle race, one mile.
100 Yards, miners only.
High jump.
One mile race, open.
100 Yards dash, open.
Motor cycle race, two miles.1
220 Yards, open.
Harness race, half niile.
Quarter mile, flat, open. -
,' Horse race, three-quarter mile.
Pony Race, quarter mile.
Squaw Race, one half mile dash.
Relay race, mile and half, 3 horses
each rider.
Horse race, one mile.
Company's mill pond at 6.30 p.m.
Tug of war, on cleats, near, city band
stand, 7 p.m.
Lawn Tennis Tournament, men's
doubles and singles. Prizes, racquets.
All competitors are requested to be
dressed and ready for competition
promptly at time scheduled for event.
The draw for baseball competition
will take place with the Secretary at
1.00 p.m.
Baseball competition commences at
2.00  p.m.  sharp.     If four or more
teams  are entered, the first games
will be seven innings only, final game
\to be played out.
Roby (Moffatt) vs. Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Co.
We Append below the Unanimous Decision ofthe
Three Judges of the Appeal Court at
Victotza, 'B. C.     ■
.Tamos Roby was on tho Oth August,'
1910, lnjurod whilo omployod ln the
appellants' mines at Fernie. Notice
of Injury was given and elaim for compensation undor tho Workmen's Compensation Act was made on IiIb bohalf
nnd served on tho appollants on the
10th of tho same month. Roby dlod on
the 21\tli of tho same month, bofoso
any furthor proceedings hnd beon tak-
Subsequently proceedings were taken on ibohnlf of his wlfo and chlldron,
tho respondents In this appeal, Appellants contend that because a new
claim undor the said Aot was not made
hy tho respondents thoy had lost their
right to compensation. The Arbitrator
and tho learned Judgo appealed from
each hold that the first claim was sufficient, Ab has boon stated by tho
Arbitrator, a liberal construetfon in
- favor of beneficiaries ought to bo given to tho Aot so ns to carry out tho
manifest Intention to provide for tho
injured and his dependents' without
unduo regard to more technicalities,
I would dismiss tho appeal.
Victoria, O. C, O. J. A,
22nd July, 1013,
Judgment of the Honorable Mr. Justice Irvlno
•James Jlohy, who -was injured on
thn mh -Awpint, 1<110, -\*\t in hi<* cl-Mw
on lflth Awgttst, 1010, and died on the
20th August, 1010.
In August, 1912, the plaintiff, the
legal personal representative of James
Roby, applied for an arbitration in tho
interest of the Widow of .Tamos Ttoby,
*.  *i...,^i *tK„i
-It Is objected that as no claim was
•made on behalf of the widow, within
the six months of the death, the dependent's claim Is gone.
Tn considering that question—or any
othor question on tho construction of
thin Aet—wo must bo guided «ote!y by
Iho language of tho statute, without
th* addition of anything that In not
npceiisnrlly Implied, 1
When we examine the Act we find
that as soon as the accident happens,
the owner Is liable to "mako compensation," The measure of liability may
vtry according to the facts of the par
tf curar case, but tba liability of,tho
dof«ndants \o make compensation Is
fixed by tho accldont. That being so,
a demand by tho workman himself or
by his agent ln tho workman's lifetime
ls tho only claim necessary to support
the proceedings under see, 7 of the'
Tho soctlon says:
"Proceedings for the recovery undor
thia Act of compensation shall not bo
maintained unless notico of the necident shall havo boon glvon ...
nnd nnloss tho clnlm for compensation
with respect to suoh accldont lms ibeen
made within" etc.
Tho section doos not say "the claim
for compensation of the workman, or
of tho dependent," but speaks of the
claim* for compensation with rospoct
to such accldont.
Tho form of tho notice served In
tho defendants shows thnt the claim
was made by ov on behalf of tho work*
man, but tho Insertion of the name of
tho applicant does not, In my opinion,
prevent It from bolng a claim for compensation with respect to such accident
Iwould dismiss tlio appeal.
Victoria, B. 0„ J. A.
22nd July, 1018.
Pj [21
The following telegram was received this morning from   j|
Robt. Poster.   All previous communications from Mr. Foster
have  proved  strictly accurate,   and   Ave   have   very   good
■ gpod reason to, recommend this ncws.before the piffle that has
been doped out to the public, by the various dailies of the west.
Special to the District Ledger
Nanaimo, B. C, Aug. 28th, 1913.
Monday, the 27th, while the local union was in session, the
building was completely surrounded by soldiers with a maxim
gun so it commanded the main entrance to the hall.   Colonel
Hall, in charge of the troops, sent for the president and informed him that the men must be started out of the hall in two minutes and they must'come in single file.  If there was any break
or attempt to run they would be either shot or bayonetted.
Learning that the men were considering a proposed agreement
between the Vancouver-Nanaimo Coal Co. and their employees,
he changed his mind and gave them one hour to consider it**;
then on the arrival of Brother Farrington and myself from
Vancouver, he gave them the time necessary to dispose of it.
When the meeting adjourned we were compelled to pass
through one of the small doors and were taken in groups of ten
to the provincial building, serched by the police, for weapons,
and forty-two of our men placed under arrest.   It took three)
hours to empty the building and search the men.   No weapons
of any kind were found in their possession,   The men arrested
have since been charged with unlawful assembly; some of them
have had hearings and been remanded for trial, all but five of
them being held for the assizes in October.   All told, about 175
men have been arrested in Nanaimo, South Wellington and
Ladysmith on that same charge and are being held in the jails
at Victoria and Nanainio.   Preliminary hearings are being held
here now, but'in my opinion these are a farce and'a mere travesty of justice, as the tools of the companies and the government have been well chose for the work of accusation.   To
charge a striker with a violation of the law seems to be equivalent to conviction.  There are more than one thousand soldiers
and volunteers on the Island. It is impossible to make any accurate statement of the number of provincial police, specials,
plain clothes men and thugs and scoundrels of all brands there
our paternal government, but, there must be many hundreds.
The purpose is unmistakable.   If any one wants to know what
the police, soldiers, courts, and law, as interpreted by our local
magistrates, are for, and 'whose interest they serve, they can
find a very instructive objective here in Nanaimo., Every day
some of the best. citizens of the town are railroaded\to jail.
When they get a hearing, if they can't be held on one charge
another is immediately'preferred ahd the prisoner remanded..
The Jingle Pot mine has resumed work under the new agreement with a substantial advance in wages, uacognitibn of the
U. M. W. of A. and a closed shop.   None but members of the
1 ,U. M. W. of A. employed, and the agreement is one that sets a
Shigh water mark for the Pacific Coast, No coal is being hoisted at any of the other mines except Cumberland, where there
| is quite a large bunch of Asiatics arifc-their still more yellow colli leagues, who claim to be white, still working. The companies
1 can't break the strike, and having failed it is up to them to
I recognize that fact, negotiate an agreement similar to that bell tween the Vancouver and Nanaimo Coal Co. and its mon, put
1 their mines in operation, and permit industrial peace once more
I  to reign on the Island,
■   The  following is taken  from, the
"Vancouver Province":
Magistrate's Warning
Mr. Shoebotham opened the session
by informing the court of the manner
in which the accused had been supplied with delicacies on thc march
and asked that the magistrate warn
those present against repeating the
performance. His worship thereupon
explained that any intercourse between tho prisoners and their friends
was against the law, except through
official channels.
No Powder for Jingle Pot
It was rumored last night that the
authorities had refused to allow powder to be used at the Jingle Pot mine,
and as it is essential to mining, the
colliery may have to be shut down.
•More soldiers arrived from Vancouver yesterday tor the Highlanders,
and also a number of the army ser-'
vice corps with new horses. The corps
of guides and intelligence department
are busily engaged in mapping the
country adjacent to Xanaimo.
.Mr. Shoebotham seems to be "Putting one across" the benchers of the
Incorporated Law Society and it is
claimed that he is not recognized as a
Barrister or Solicitor in British Columbia. What a love the McBride Government has for non unionists.
OTTAWA, Aug. 26.—According to
compilations recently made,, Canada's
mineral production foi:..the last.,fis*?al'
year amounted to.o'ver 4133,000,000,'
which is an increase 'of $30,000,000 or
29 per cent. ^ov>?r-" the figures which
were presented for the preceding year.
The figures'* show that the per capita
production' of minerals for the .last
year was about eighteen dollars.
The statistics credit forty-six per
cent.'of th*^ mineral output to metals,
while the rejnaining. 51 per cent, is
compiled for 'non-metallic substances.
ON   B. C.
Conciliation Board Recommends Adoption of Minimum Rate of 27 Cents
an Hour to Men During First Year,
New York, Aug. 28.—The steamship
Imperator, the largest vessel afloat
was swept by fire early today, as
she lay at her dock in Iloboken, with
her crew and 1,131 steerage passengers aboard. Second officer Gabrechl,
who led the crew into the hold to
fight the flames, was cut off from his
men, enveloped in a cloud of smoke,
and suffocated. His body was found
an hour afterwards untouched by fire
and brought ashore.
A seaman, identity not yet .determined, one of the party who went
with Cobrecht into the hold  also per-
The new checking system will be
put into operation as soon as the new
checks arrive at Company Store, when
yoii will be able to purchase your first
set of checks at cost price. The management have promised to bore holes
on second board, each side of cars, so
that those diggers working In No. 2
Mine, No. 1 East, No. 3 and No. 1
South mines can place their checks
on opposite cars to which they aro
doing now. No doubt you are nil
awaro that it. will take somo time to
get the system universally installed
ancl I trust you will give the check-
weighman every assistance possible,
Notices of whore checks can be obtained will be'plnced In conspicuous
H. MARTIN. President.
THE L. O. O. M.
All mombors holding books of application for tho abovo ordor nro requested to hand in the same to Secretary on or boforo Tuosdny, September
2nd, at the meeting room (Knights of
Pythias Hall).'
OTTAWA, Aug. 25.—The report of
the board established under the Industrial Disputes Act to deal with the
British Columbia Electric Railway and
its employees engaged in the operation
of the street railway systems of Victoria, Vancouver and New Westminster, and also in the operation of the
iriterurban lines on the Pacific Coast,
has been received by the department
Ot. labor and promptly transmitted to
the parties concerned in this matter.
Proposed Wage Schedule
The report in question is signed by
Judge D. Murphy, chairman, and Mr.
P.. O. Alexander, the company's nominee, both of Vancouver.
It is accompanied by a proposed
wage schedule signed by the foregoing
and a statement of. rules and working
conditions, which were agreed upon by
the board ns a whole and communicated last week to the company and
The department of labor bas wired
both the British Columbia Electric
Railway Company and the employees'
representative, asking that they await
the receipt of the board's report before
taking any further action in this matter.
The report comprises a statement of
reasons - for the decisions arrived at
ancl deals with wage questions and other matters at issue.
The board recommends the adoption
of a minimum wage scale of 27 cents
an hour for first-year conductors and
motormen employed on the .street and
suburban lines ln place of a minimum
wage-of 22 cents an hour, which has
been paid hitherto. The board leaves,
however, the maximum wage rate of
35 cents unchanged.
•Mr. Schofield, seen by The News-
Advertiser last night with reference to
the above howb dispatch, said he
would rather wait the arrival of tbe
full document before making nny announcement.
"I do not want to do anything thnt
would be a breach'of'etiquette'between ourselves and the company,"
said Mr. Schofield. "There is every
possibility that .the matter may be amicably nrrnnged, so I do not wish to
do anything that would be prejudlchl
to such an arrangement and would,
therefore, rather not say anything nt
A special train was requisitioned on
Thursday to convey the son of Wm.
Corlctt from Coal Creek to tilt* hospital. Tlie lad^ as far as we can learn,
was caught by a trip of cars at the
foot of No. 1 North incline, about 7.30
on Thursday evening. On inquiry at
the hospital we loarn thai the lad's
injuries, which consist of a broken
thigh on the left leg, the flesh being
very badly lacerated, and a break in
the lower part of the right leg, the
flesh on the sole of the foot being terribly mutilated. Having regard to the
serious nature of the injuries, the lad
is doing as well as can be expected.
We are unable to learn just how the
accident occurred or how the lad happened to be at the piac-i where he was
On Friday the 22ud inst., a sad fatality occurred in No. 2 mine, resulting
in the death of an Italian named Sai-
vatore Rula.    Deceased and his partner,   Saivatore  Lombardo,   were   employed in driving a headway off the
slope, and at the time of the accident
they were engaged in putting in a set
of timber close to the face, when by
some means the corner of the roof
gave way, and large pieces of rock falling upon deceased's feet held him in a ,
trap.   His partner, on finding that, he
could not liberate him alone, ran to
seek help, but as the mine was laid off,.
few men were inside at the time. However, when it became known outside,
Tom Davies, fire boss, Dave Muir, pit
boss, and a large bunch of volunteers
were quickly on the spot ouly to find
that a second fail of roof had completely  buried  the  unfortunate  man,
killing him outright The deceased was
Judgment of the Honorable Mr. Justice Martin
In my opinion the utatuto Is satis-
fiofl If "the claim for ccapcusullwi
with reiipnet to such neolflnnt" Is duly
made by any ono* at the time lawfully
qualified to mako it.   Here that, was
dono by the deceased, and I agree
with tlio learned Judgo below that it
wnB not nocoBBary for a "dependent"
io fci*»w a AttWJU-a iwticto.   it appeal*
from the highest authority that the
objoct of the notice is to glvo tho employer aii opportunity of settling tho
claim, or defending It—or as Lord At'
klnson puts it In Thompson V, Qoold
(1910) A. 0,409 at 413, "to protoct the
employer from atale demands, to warn
him that a dnlm Is about to bo mnde
agalnjit lilm, ond thus put lilm upon
his guard," and .warning was given
herein by the only porson entitled to
glvo at tho time, and I seo no good
reason for, requiring a second one.
The appcat should bo dismissed.
Victoria. ». C, J. A.
22nd July, 1013.
VANCOUVER, n.C, August 2C.~
Bvidontly viewing with apprehension tho cortalnty that tho Unltod
Mino Workers of America will eventually bo catabllBhcd on Vancouver Island and break their horotoforo nn-
restrlotod powor to 'oppress and pll-
lago tho Island mlnoworkors, which
powor thoy havo hold and used with'
out mercy for many yearB, the mino
ownerB aro now trying to delude tho
mlnorB and wean thorn away from tho
Untied Mino Workers of America by
Intimating thoy will deal with a purely Canadian minora union. Whm a
malefactor-Is a fugitive trom Justice
lie wi!! f.ret do ovnvJiing poBB'b'.;
to oltiflt capture, the1), If caught, hu
".111 if, tv work to cloviECi deceptive
plans to soottro his escape and mnko
less liable his capture while bo piles
his nofarlous schemes In the futuro,
In tho present strlko tho hypothetical malefactor has u real oxlstonoo In
tho mino ownors,    Tho captorB are
tho United Mino Workors of America,
and the deceptive plan Ib found in tho
suggestion that   a  Canadian minors
uatou   <bo   lortuoo.    Meretotore the
ownera jjavc rpfuood ib'tolerate My-
thing but eommlttooB selected from
among their own employes, but since
tho advent ot tho U. M. W. of A, whioh
organization bids fair to break thoir
absolute reign of injustice and force
them to concede tho men a modicum of
Justice, tho ownors hopo to croato nn
avenue of escape by advocating the
formation of a union that will be froo
from "outside interference/    If tho
mine owners havo thoir way trouble-
somo "forolgn agitators' will have no
rank in this prospootlvo union.    Tho
Canadian miners, bolstered by Canadian patriotism, will separato them-
wives from a hated "foreign" union
and stand alone, and when the separation Is accomplished the miners can
transact their affairs In a way that
will ba satisfactory—to the mine owners!     Croat scheme!     Why, It Is
Unltod Mino Workors of America, and
tho solution is so simple. Why did
not somo ono think of It boforo? Cor-
talnly, by all moans lot us have a
Canadian minors union, Why, tlio
idea Is tbo finest thing out—for tho
mine owners. But wait, boforo tin-
ally ratifying tlio schomo, Lot ub
aniilyzo It and soo what our rospeotlv)
positions will bo If It should bo adopted. Jn making tho analysts we wu,
not uno any of tlio Intricate arguments
used by Btudcints ot tho rulos and re
sources ot motion capitalism, but wq
will confine our ov&KluaMon to conditions ob thoy arc 'tenia!ly encountered
on Vancouver Island today,
To ibogln with, wo know that practlc.
ally all the mine owners uro Amorlcan,
British and Gormnn capitalists, poa-
. soBsod of Immense wealth and political prostlgo,    In the proHont contest
with tho United ■Mine Workors of Am-
erica wo havo rooii them sond thoir
ulilpB to Australia and Japan* for coal,
nnd their agento to the United States
und Groat Britain for strlko Imivkots,
tVo know (hoy lmvo -.lolatcd tli.s Isiwh
with impunity, and thnt public off'.-
dale havo winked at thoir overt nets
ot tranBgroaBlon,    Yet, they havo not
only winked, but thoy hnvo addod tho
power of thoir position to help tho
transgressors,     Wo have  observed
ii,*) pro** uiittormiy an J mnllclou&ly
fl;iy ua .'StJ •rwiwl-u allml an *l*,Mh uu
tho juiitlno of our position, while It hai
rosortod lo deception to defend the in.
Iqulty of tbo mino owners.    And w»
have wm tho military powers inwl<
the Island by tho thousands nt. th.Mr
Plncher Creek, last Sunday afternoon,
the whole of the local officials of the
union    accompanying    the    funeral,
whilst a large number  of  his  fellow
countrymen  assembled  at  the  grave
sido   'After the reading of the Italian
burial service toy Bro. Rohs Stetti, hiB
remains were laid peacefully to rest.
The deceased, who was employed for
over two years here, was well respected.    Ho spoke English well and was
considered a skilful miner.
The regular meeting of Gladstone
Local Union will bo held in the Dase-
ment of the Miners' JIall on Friday
Soptembor 5th, at 7.30 p.m.
The.'Management Committee will
meet, in thc Secretary's Office on Sunday, August 31st, at 2.30 p.m.
Just tho thing that will allow tho mine
ownors to escape the power of the
With tbls knowledge at hand tho
things tho minors must dotormlno nro,
could an organization of less strength
than tho United Mino WorkorB ot America stand tho onslaughtor, and would
tho mine owners' rfisourcos bo reduced
nnd their onslaughtor less severe If
thn fight was with n Canadian miners
Union r
Now, whon attempting to l|nd what
tho miner** pooltlon would be wo must
keep ln mind tho fact that the mine
owners gtv« out no intimation that
they would treat with a Canadian min-
l ers union until thoy began getting a
sound lacing from tho U. M. W. of A.
Now, if |t took nn organization of tho
numorlcnl strength and fighting efficiency of tho Unltod Mino Workors of
America to force the mine ownors to
this point, tho noxt thing to,be considered Is, could an organization of
iosB efficiency cope with the Influences of the mine owners In the
event of futuro disagreement, and If
not, how long wlll.lt take to bring
a Canadian minora'union up to tho
Bamo combatlvo efficiency ns tho United Mino Workers of America?
In trying to solvo this question wo
can flocurn valuable Information from
a study of the history of tho various
miners' unions In tho Unltod Stntos,
Illntory tolls ub that agitation In favor of tho formation of a mlnorB1 union
In tho Unltod'States hogan ns early as
1.840.' Tho yonrn Intervening botwoon
1810 nnd 1800 saw "the formation'of
nwmoroim minors' unions, nono of
which gained any lasting powor, because of tntornnl discord nnd the
novor-cniiHlng opposition of the mlnn
ownors, until'the'United Mino Work,
ers of Amorlcn wnn formed In the lat-
tor yoar. And, notwithstanding the
minors had passed through a lapno of
nearly fifty "years of coiiHltmt effort to
establish nn effective union, there
woro loss thon 0,000 mombors In tho
Vnlted MIr.c Wcrl:"rs nf America Jr.
1807. From 1807 to 1018 onr intor-
national union hns spent a round sum
of $10,006,394 for Htrlko relief and
organization purposes alone, to say
nothing of the other running expenses
of our Union, nnd tlio»o long yonra bf
^.Hktul.   Uiii,   AUU   ill*ft   '!*•»    V.AtK'..iv,U'uSV
of money has ween noccusnry to bring
A Meeting of
the City Council
A meeting of the City Council wns*
hold last Monday evening when tho
Mayor and all tho aldermen woro prow-
ent, together with G. G, Hondnrson,
who wus thoro representing tlio bcIiooI
trustees, The mooting was for tho
purpose of 'considering the granting of
an option of 30 days on $10,000 debentures to a Vancouver firm of broker?..
Tlio council doeldod to grunt the option and tho dork was Instructed to
write accordingly.
A communication wus mid from thn
Lodgorns below:—
until tho Council Is satisfied that they
nro getting value.
Bven nt this Into dato wo soo no
roason why the Lodger Bhould not participate in thiH adverliHlng and would
BiiggCHt that tho lint bc published In
thc Ledger for tins tliniu uuoxpirud Ih-
biioh, Thin Ih not only fair to uh but
also In tho InterPHtH of tho tax payorB
of Pernio, tho sjnjorlty of whom subscribe to the Ledger.
Yours truly,
Mayor and City Council, Fornlo. 1.1. C.
"Permit me to call your attention to
whnt overy falrmlndod liidlvltlu.il must
recognise ns a grossly unfair xtntc nf
affuli'H with rognrd to tlm dlHtrlbutlon
of tho city advertising.
Wo might state that within tho Inm
yearn the Ledger has rutelvuil practically nothing In the shape of udvrr-
lining with tho oxenption of tho balance shoots, which wo woro pnrmlttnd
to publish in conjunction with Un-
Preo Proas somo two or threo ycuirx
ago. ,,
Ab wiih stated In last Friday'* ('niin-
c-ii meeting the cost of ndvortinlug do-
UutiU-i'ii nUi-iiAivin U*l **t,l  ','*' .M'-
proximately (If the flgur-c- of $1.1'
line ls correct* about $40O.nn.
The <.Mayor miggoHU'd that the Lodger bo given nny othor printing thnt
tlio City might be requiring during tho
romiiinliig your uh cornpoiiHuLlon for
)08B of nilvnt'tltiliig,
Wn tiiuy add for the linnoflt of rato-
payor* that flMK* por pureed Ih tho
amount allowed for advertising u do-
liii*|tic:it unit. Of lliit» .uuuunt \\SiS,
per parcol will go to our contemporary
nnd 7i> centH to the llritlsh Columbia
Anothor mnttor of Interest, brought
up nt the Council by Aiilorrwui Uphill
wan Mm tulophoiii) contract whoroby
thi' romimnv rn-rodl to rodnro rntoi 7f»
to Mt por cent, whon a curtain number
Ul HlhKUlltUlltn Il.ltl innill imtuiiicd,   At
por | jin-Muii It uppi .iru to b<- about J.'» or .'!<>
»hort of tbo rorj<itr<Ml iraraVr r»nd Al-
ilormati   Uphill  Informed  tho Counoil
that ho would mnko ,<vory of fort tn no-
our organization to the standard of
efficiency whoroby we nre now nhlo to
give tho Vancouvor lalnnd mine workers tho protection they aro receiving
during their present contest for human
Anothor highly essential feature of
the suggestion to lm coiuWca'd la,
that If overy person employed In and
around Clio mines on Vancouver Island wero in a union of their own, free
from "outside interference," and paying $1,150 per capita iwry month
Into  their  union    It    would    take
"(Continued on png« wo)
We mny sny thnt It Is not onr doRlri» |
to soo any additional burden placod mini, tho rnto-nnvoro nf ttit-i tnu.i i.m if
advcrtlgtag Is to ho given out It Ik only korlliorK ir othor m.-miior* would (duo
tho barest Justice that, both , pa porn K«;t out arull liimtl*-. Aa thin will moan
should participate oaually.    Tho ox-'a considerable wiving to fliilmcrlbora
pense, however, of advertising appears
to tis, like the colloctorH ioiiiiuUkIoii,
not to bo any direct tax upon llw
city finance. Undor fbofl-n rireum-
stances we aro at a loss to undemtiirid
why the City "Cannot nfford to mlver-
»Uc In both papers" m wa* slated at
last Prldoy's meeting.
Another peculiar feature of the distribution of this advertising la the fact
that the ledger senlo of rharges for
tu«h was never a*ked, From a rate-
'pay-*!* point nf rhw H iW« vit tt,rifn*
us h» particularly good buiine«§ to permit $40(1,00 to he spent by any official
It Ib to tm hoped that tho other member.-, ut tb" i-ouiull will support Mr.
rphlll In thin mutter.
Upon Inquiry of the Telephone Com-
yuinv wo nre nfr.'ild that thorn li n lie
\\i- inbniidormainllng a*!to tlw actual
numbor of subscribers required to ful-
lil conditions of contract. We U-llevo
the rontract call** for a opeeltlei! number, namely 2M*, and that these »hall
ho uitJiIa tlio City limits. If this I*
the a::«j there, wilt lie cwiulred amut
40 mr f»t| additional aubicrlbera to get
the rebiitP. ,; h •*i.
The Island Situation
(Continued from page 1)
them just ten years to raise a fund
equal.to the amount the United Mine
Workers of America have already
spent for the defense of the Island
miners in the present contest.
This desultory review is given so
that the Vancouver Island miners will
,have au inkling of the work ahead of
them before a Canadian miners' union
could be formed, and in order that
they may know just why the mine
owners are now ready to recognize a
* Canadian miners' union,
District Ledger.
Vancouver, IJ. C, Aug. 'Hi, J9i:i.
After some months of desperate
strife during wliich time the mine
workers of Vancouver Island have experienced all the abuses and suffering
incident to modern industrial disturbances everywhere, we have finally succeeded In negotiating a working agreement witli the Vancouver-Nanaimo
Coal Mining Company, applicable to
their mine at Nanaimo, British Columbia. This is highly gratifying for the
reason that the agreement is the first
ever secured on' the Island by our Union and because it gives to the men
working under it a complete, closed
shop and a higher rate of wages per
hours worked for inside day labor,
than is receive;! in any district, over
which wo have jurisdiction and because it is but a fitting reward for the
men who fought so valiantly to secure
Furthermore it is gratifying because
ii was won despite brutal oppression
and in the face of studied and malicious attempts on the part of the press,
Governmental influences, and selfish
interests to prejudice the Canadian
public in general, and Canadian workmen in particular, against the United
Mine Workers of America. In addition to the usual machinery provided
for tlie adjust mnt. of disputes, the essential features of some of the more,
important sections of the agreement
"The Company agree to re-employ
in their former positions all men employed when strike was called."
"They agree to employ none but
members of the U. M. W. of A. at the
classes of labor for which a scale is
"They agree to deduct union1" dues,
assessments, fines and initiation fees
from the earning of the men."
"The old docking system whercun-
der coal was confiscated is substituted
by the docking system prevailing in
"The men are to receive their powder,   caps,   fuse,   house   coal and all
mine supplies at the prices prevailing
_ni:e-VlQus_.Ao_the_ strike." __
cles in their working place prevents
them averaging the miners' scale of
"The inside day, wage scale is based
ou an eight hour bank work day."
"The men are to be paid, senio-
Repeated efforts to secure semimonthly pays through legislative
enactment have failed. A comparative
statement showing the prices formerly
paid and those that are to be paid for
mining and inside'and outside day labor follows:
Tonnage  rate. Coal,
■1ft. and under ... §1,00
Tonnage  rate   Coal,
over -1 ft S2Vi
Inside Day Wages
Fire Bosses
I'lattice men    ?.Sfi
Timbermen ..,  3.30
Timbermen helpers . 2.SO
Tracklayers  3.03
Road men and laborers   2. SO
Driver boss  3.30
Driver single      2.SO
Driver double.	
Driver boys . .1.15 to
(\ViuchDrivers 1.10 to
Rope Riders 	
Trappers'     1-00
Miners, day work ..    3.30
Pumpmen        2,80
per day per month
Stablemen      2.86       95.00
Outside   Day   Wages
"Prices for narrow work and all
dead work are advanced 10 per cent."
"A minimum wage of $3.03 per day-
is'to be paid miners where deficien-
Blacksmith helper .
Machinist helpers ..
Carpenter helpers ..
Slope Engineers —
Compressor     Engineers      3.30
Firemen    (Chinamen)       1.65
Teamster     3.00
All other outside labor (Chinamen) .. 1.G5
While this agreement has been negotiated, it must not be understood
that the strike on Vancouver Island
lias been settled. It has not. At this
writing all the camps on the Island are
under military control and 128 of our
men, including District Vice President
Taylor aiid International Organizers
Pattison and Angelo, have been seized
and jailed and up tb now we have been
unable to ascertain the nature of the j
charges against them or to make any
arrangements for their trial or release. Consequently all workers should
disregard newspaper reports and stay
"awa^froih-francou\"er_lslaSa_unEi rno1
tice of a complete settlement appears(
in the Labor press.
truth of the situation is * not" of this
nature. '
As I left Cumberland, this morning
to investigate for the Clarion as to
the truth of the situation in Nanaimo
aud elsewhere, contingent of human butchers, who kill men for twenty-five cents a day, while they could
get three dollars a day for killing
hogs in Chicago, steamed into the station. What effect they will have remains to be seen. It is quite obvious
to , auy intelligent observer that the
issue here in this struggle is not so
much higher wages, or recognition of
the union, as,
Whether the Socialists are, or are Not
to Remain in th;s District
The mine owners, as well as the
Liberal and Conservative element of
this constituency, know full well that
their only hope of holding this district lies in breaking this strike and
driving the Socialists out. Long ago,
the management agreed'■ to meet a
committee of the men,
Providing there were no Socialists
on such committee.- Also, that if they
could only get rid of about twenty of
the strikers the demands of the men
would be granted.
But aside from this struggle for
political power, this strike must be
won. For the greed and avarice of
the mine owners to increase their dividends, if the miners were to exist
without an organization, would result
in ' .
Starvation Wages, Unsafe Mines,
More Accidents, More Cripples and
Corpses, More Widows and Orphans,
who would Tiever get any compensation; more misery and poverty( more
daughters of working men driven to a
life of shame, while it would mean
Greater Incomes for the Mine Owners,
who play no part in the production of
coal but receive all the benefits.
Slaves,  Attention!
The Flames of Revolt are lit on Vancouver Island, and no one knows
where they will end.
Be Ready!
You don't know the minute you will
be called on to take sides, for or
igainst your class.
Yours in Revolt,
Coal Mining and
Coke Making in B. C.
International Geologists Are Arranging for Very Comprehensive .Study
or Resources in All  Lands.
The following graphic account of tho
disturbance at Nanaimo and CAUSE
appeared in the Western Clarion
from the pen of Bob Walker, That a
man who dare tell the truth should be
most obnoxious to Bowser and his
clique of Asiatic-loving operators is
but natural and as a result Bob Is' in
jail.    .
The pass-word amongst the Provincial and specials has been for the last
five or six montliB, "We will get Joe
Naylor yet," To get him, ovory means
and device has boen resorted,, to, to
lnelto the striking miners to riot, but
all their efforts were futile.
A Few Days Previous to July Pay-Day,
however, u rumor was curront that
the scabs were going to drive all the
strikers out of the place. Although
I ho Htrlkern did not believe this story.
was Cane's assailant. He was charged
with assault, convicted and fined $10
and costs, which he paid. He was
arrested again and charged with resisting the police while performing
their duty.    He was again convicted
Introducing an extended article .upon tlie geological features of coal Leon Dom.in'ian, a delegate of the American Geographical Society to the International Geological Congress, now in
session at Toronto, says:
Modern civilization may aptly be
said to be the offspring ofo coal. No
other mineral is used so extensively
by civilized beings. None has contributed so much to human comfort.
Thoughtful men have therefore look-
crease in tlie consumption of this fuel. Its supply is known to be definite.
A ton of coal once take out o f the
earth cannot be replaced. What is the
world's supply? Where is it to' be
found?    How long will ii. hold out?
fn the realization oi the universal
and vital importance of an authoritative) answer  to  these  questions the
Between the years 1936-77 it is estimated that there were produced in the
Canadian Province of British Columbia
a total of 965,808 tons of coal. The
output exceeded 1,000,000 tons for the
first time in 1891, but never reached
tbe million-ton mark again until 1894,
then lapsed below seven figures until
1898, since which year it has shown a
fluctuating growth until last year the
output was 2,268,804 gross tons of coal,
and 264,333 gross tons of coke. The
figures are gleaned from the annual
report, of the Minister of Mines for
the year ended Dec-ember 31, 1912,
from which it is also learned:
Had it not been for labor troubles
in the mines of the Canadian Collieries,1'Vancouver Island, during the latter part of 1912, whereby that company's output was reduced to a point
150,000 tons lower than tne preceding
year, there is l.ttle doubt bnt that J912
would have been the record year to
date, instead of occupying only second
The greater part of this production
is E»t111 mined by three companies—the
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company of
Kast Kootenay, the Canadian Collieries" and the Western Fuel Company.
Vancouver Island, which mined, collectively, .75 per cent, of the gross output, their respective production representing 31.5 per cent., 24.5 per cent.,
and 19 per cent, of such total.
Of the gross output there was sold
for consumption in Canada 1,263,427
tons; sold for consumption in the United States 858,981 tons; 108,157" tons
was exported to other countries, making total coal sales for the year 2,230,-
565 tons of 2,240 pounds.
In addition to the coal sold there
was used ir. the marufacture of coke
396,90? tons, all in tl.e Bast Kootenay
field; and used under companies' boilers, etc., 240,304 tons; while 175,744
tons was lost in washing and screen-
** ■*.
Therf »/as no col;e made this year
in the Coast District, although 4,266
tons was sold from stock, the total
coke production having been made, by
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company
ancl Hosmer Mines, Limited, in the
Bast Koctenay field, where, from 390,-
905 tons of coal, 204,333 tons of coke
was manufactured, of which 91 tons
was used under the companies' boilers.
The coke sales of the Province for
the year amounted to 267,564 tons, of
.which 3,322 tons was drawn • from
stock. *  .
The following table indicates the
markets in -which the coal and coke
output of the Province was sold: —
Total for
Coal Province
Sold   for   consumption   in
9— _        1 j~t  .  ■«   nsin..* ai*i.
Sold   for  export  to  United
■States        S5S,9R1
Sold   for   export  to  other
the district for 1912 being 1,261,212
tons of coal. This is, nearly three
times as great* as t;he output cf the
previous year, when the mines only
worked for four months, and is within'
100,000 tons of the output of 1910. "Of
this tonnage, 396,905 tons was used in
the manufacture of coke, of which
there was produced 264,333 gross ions.
In addition to the coke sold this
year, and 91 tons used under the companies' boilers, 944 tons was added to
stock, making the coke production for
this- year 204,333 tons,' as compared
with 00,005 tons in 1911.
The following table shows the distribution made of the coal of this district:—    '
Sold as coal in Canada      231,076
Sold as coal in United States     551,742
—— ~D     .   •> '        ^^
The Secretary of the. Treasury, Mr.
McAdoo, announced on August I that
the. government is prepared to deposit
$25,000,000 to ?50,000,000 in western
and 'southern banks to assist in the
crop .movement this fall.
'Railroad accidents during the laat
three months of 1912 killed 2,967 persons and injured 51,323, according to
the report issued on July 30 by the
Interstate • Commerce Commission.
Compared with ,1908 there is an increase of more than 48 per cent.
First' ..Trooper .Imperial Yeomanry '
(discussing a new officer):  "Swears
a bit,.don't 'e, sometimes?"'"'
Second Trooper: " 'E's a masterpiece, 'e is; just opeps 'ds mouth"and
lets it say wot it likes."—Punch.  "
"How's your brother, Tommy?"
■ "111 in bed, -miss. He's Jiiirt himself."
"How;did he. do that?"
"We were playing at who could lean
farthest out of the window, and he
Total sold as coal'      7S2.81S
Used   by   the   company   in
making coke       390,905
Used by the company under
boilers         82,40-1
coal    taken    from
Gross output     1,261,212
The average selling prices taken this
year in the calculation of value of product are the same as those used last
year; that for coal being $3:50 and for
coke $6 per ton of 2,240 pounds. The
prices used in calculations prior to
1907 were $3 and $5 respectively —
Coal and Coke Operator.
Total eoal :
,Coke -
j Sold   for
Mxecutive Committee of the  twelfth ! Snl(1  !,  '
International     Geological     Congress, j ' ■j;afes
and fined"$50 and costs, or two months j which is holding Its session at Toron- j So](J   for "export
in jail.   No attempt was made to Ar- \ to, -doeldod over two years ago to un- f    countrles
rest Cane.   The local officers (union) I dertnke   a   world-wide   investigation.;
began to gather evidence, to charge 11-eading authorities of the world were
Cane with inciting to riot, backed up j "short to prepare elaborate reports on
by the municipality (which the strlk-  the resources of their respective couiv
tries.   The data accumulated in Gov*
export to  United
to   other
Total coke
ers had captured at the last election),
Things wore looking pretty blue for
Cane and so,
To Counter This, Joe Naylor and Other Strikers Were Arrested
on 11 chargo of unlawful assembly. It
waH expected that the prisoners
would be given bail on arriving ut
Nanaimo, but it appears that the At-
lonioy-Goneral had telephoned up that
no hall bn granted uuyono until the
Attorney-General's councillor had investigated each ease, ut to whether
hall would or would not be justified.
This moans thoy will keep the prison-1 ground, and this for" practically
ers .hint   ns  long  as   thoy   think   fit, |
eminent bureaus, geological surveys,
and Departments of MlneH were pur, to
contribution. The result is that tho
joint reports containing the account of
this'examination will constitute the
most exhaustive information ever
complied, In many cases new Investigations In the field were necessary,
unpublished .material was drawn upon, old work was revIsGil- and brought
to date. Not only ls tho qimntliy of
coal discussed, but also the amount of
each kind, its mode and ooiuWUon of
(icciirreiieo    Including    dopth    below
coal distriot In  each country,    lOven
The consumption of cc.ul In, that part
of British Columbia served by the col
li).•>• decided that If thoy were to lie j "Tho Political Nature of this Struggle ■ the arctic and antarctic regions are
driven out, they would lie exiled in a \ ls  very plain  to Iio neon.    The man J covered.
body and'not one at a lime. .Sure j ''■'■■'■ •■'•■■'■■ »>-'•' ■■ must bn dense Indeed ( Besides estimating the (iiiantlly of
enough, when pay-day enmo tho scabs I Ah August pay-day Is npproaclilng, | cunl, tlio quality of tho fuol in wa-eli
began to strentn Into the town. They j the same throat, has been made by i district wns rigorously examined, tl
were led by a hired thug named Cane, 1 the scabs.    Aa wo prusnnio they will j will therefore be possible to ascertain
he better prepared this tlmo than they ' whether tho conl produced at any par-
were 'before, wo decided that we too I Menhir spot on the earth Is best suit-
imiHt ho hotter ojulppod, and so the ! ed for steaming, coking, or any of Iho
f'lty fViiinell and pnlLi- cnniml^nlon ; pmeesseH tn which eniil li Hivbjnried
i!"h. who nro mostly wtrlkors or sympathizers, have sworn in a iiuinbur ol
the coolent headed of th"
Strlkero to Act at Special Police,
, So, if llii'HH iicab» liirtlrii ou rcpi-ntiug
Antwer«d   by   Further   Inoulti   from   their mission, to attempt 10 elean out
thCBc   Supposed   Preservers   of   the J the nlrll.ei-.-i. they will lie met hy the
Pl',1te' j political power of the cIiihh coiimcIouh
Tln->   nnici'c.l   the  Hlrlkers  to  get ■ prolntin'liit.    Mad   we tnken tlilx mep
'win. mil of the way; they*pimln.d ami   before Cane made nh, debut iu July,
lie ami lil.-i culh'.iuiicH would have been
in-rented, ami If they had refuted nr-  	
ivnl, then   -Ae colilu have gtvoii  Ilium !     ,.,. '"    "7"~"'~~       T ,
Keep Cool. Don't Commit Yourselves.   1 iIoho of what lac in titiire lor nil tlieir 1 ' ','        |,','-'",»>R» tr:i 1 .asi>
And in  the .-■„„,. ii,,,,. ,|m-m. Mrll;-: ir.iieri.lt>- in the near H.iure. I n"M1   r« n,,>''   l,f,"r   ,,,H,I,IK   lw,,,v<
h-'-t 'In' If t'.-r   ■> ,■•   ;    The mnmr !.i now uirnr.t here, that
who be^au by
Openly Challenging the Strikers.
ThiH wns followed bv Infills from
Hi" uf-abi 'n tin. ilrll:ei"! and < 11 *■ 11-
w|vi;k, who were out. doing their nlmp-
ing, The Provincial and special police were repeatedly appealed In, to
>ln ihelr duty nceui'dltig to the law.
llul iln- applicants were
llories—partly duo to tho Introduction
of California oil-fuel*—shows this year
a decroaso of 246,28!) tons, or about 10
por cent, from the preceding year. Tlie
amount, exported to the United Stales
was 50,755 tons less, but the amount
exported to othor countries wns Increased by D!i,34!) tons.
Only one company in tho Const District hns ever mnde coke, and thiH year
the ovens have not been In opemtlou,
although tho company sold 1,260 tons
of coke from stock and still hns -.310
tons In stock. The coke sold waa entirely'I'm' coii.miiiiiilWni In llrltlah ('ol-
iiiubln, no export sales having lieen
UU! lie.
The combined output of Ihe Island
coir.erlis wii'i l,."N,:!|() tons
Thri'K ",'fn'ii ilii-ii.i cnmpnnlen operai-
Ing In this district, tho gross output of
The battlo is over, and the victory-
is ours.
With the settlement 01 the strike
in Cabin Creek tlie greatest portion of
the mining region of West Virginia is
under the jurisdiction of the U. M. W.
of A., forty thousand members are solidly united with the largest labor organization of our country, and the remaining few thousands are clamoring
for admission.
The heart of our leader, as well as
that of the humblest soldier in our
ranks, is filled with a sense of great
rejoicing and satisfaction, because
the dream and aspiration coveted for
years and years have been realized.
Those professors of palmistry, who,
measuring the facts by their inability
to accomplish anything had predicted
that a strike in West Virginia would
be a useless struggle and a futile dispersion of energy and money; that a
coalition of capital, judicial and executive power, and adverse legislature
was unbreakable, must have changed
achievement. A bunch of men, subject
for years to the will of their masters,
had resolved to be free, or to die. Considered as outlaws, tliey were chased
to the woods, and there they stayed
for months and months, protecting
their wives and children, suffering
privations and agonies, persecution
and death. Their determination and
valor commanded the admiration of
the civilized world. The hunted outlaws were recognized as'regular belligerents ami their cause became a
national issue. Public opinion, press
and Congress took side with tho Insurgents, and forced the masters to come
to terms; Cabin Creek, the last place
of resistance, the Adrlnnople of the
enemy, has fallen.
Miners of West Virginia, we are
proud of you. Vour brothers of other
regions, who, poor ns they are, wore
so liberal in coming to your support,
present their hearty welcome. You
are flesh of our flesh, blood of our
blood, the dearest children of our family, dourest beciuiRo of the 'longing for
your arrival, of the painful expectation of our reunion. No human force
eiiti wrest you from our nrnis.
Now, beware of the enemy, ho Is
still living an-.l alert, lluwaro of the
lionedlct Arnolds; they aro plotting
und conjuring. I.endorshlp, unity, discipline., have won the battle, Do not
apull the succcBH of your victory by
iiidoleiu-u or petty dissensions.
"Uternnl visitation is tho price of
liberty."—Tho United Mine Workers'
■lou null.
•i'ltlll'   |.ll|l|i"|
Ihelr Interns
ll.'-ll   kept   ;•„';
11-1 kern In ilie ribs with
In spite of all Ihis ihe
hu to each other,
In Its manifold uses.
All of these dutu will bn collected In
11 threcHvolume monograph of somo I,-
200 (iimrto pages nud 11 folio atlas of
some SO mails, This work will ho published under thi) Joint editorship of
two well-known genloglstH of the Canadian Survey, Messrs. I), II. Howling
and William Melnnes. It will be the
most authoritative und thn most comprehensive compilation nn eon I over
■ i-
c|i!e.|.  (hey  emild  flean  the town out •
Of   ,lll    III.'   M.llih,   H|iel i.llrt   [lllll    i'l'Ovlli-.
el-it p.i!l<c hi im lioiu or tsvo'H lluie.i
.fi'Sii.illy Cane ami .1. Naylor (who Ih j
ihe local president) mel 't'nee to face, j
and -ivnrih w>re exeluuiH.'il. (\uu' ie -1
HiimliiK a threatening utiti|irin audi
« iiiHit'it-sdi*-, ■mv iii hKtit.     n ai 11   une,
'M'i'    A    ' ■'■'' •■■    '7   .S<V .,: .      M ;,);
;il ('une, who ,4tnt*'k li-H-ti. liolh  men'
Were immediately arrested, !
llllit' strikers have heen shot deilil i'l
i-AU'iishiii. and il.e cry is raised "<>u,
lio.vs, io Kxieiislon." Hut the ills-
f.uue Is tou gremt in walk. Hail U not
been more iiuin thirty miles, an army
of aruied mlitei-i* In revolt would have
been on tiie tmiruh to avenge their
n|.inirt 1111:11,  tuio. tliey lliiil Until Hnl It)
ha a transpired   since    however,
. dnys, came In nu end, all thn men h.- ■
I lug reliiHtnled ut a  half .1 cont |w 1
1 hour Increase' In wage« with :i week's ■
j holiday mien a your with full w-,ikr«■»,
! All other demands are to he laid be- >
I fore 11 conference  In  Reptointier .fur
I adjudication,   Theso niunlclpally em-
(.ploy-ed men havo thus won much of
I wlvi'  il.nK .lolrml  ft*** t*t  Ihr. t**e,n isf 11,n '
I most strenuous efforts on the part of!
I tlio Kdtnhurtfh town eonmil to cirry
, on thu etrt-et trolley car aurvlv«- .-.viih
Scab** and Striker* Immediately Cloied i that all thoso stories of bloodshed mv !
a is it th" fun ht'jian, in five niliiiiteH'j false nnd.* that, not one iiuin has been!
tiiu**" t!:«.r<» *.<'•!:*( tiie u «cab "v !»• *mti. ! killed. The reason that the y.trlklec '
S on talk aijuut ri in:! ra I lion: I.ior.'indo i miners ot Vtiinhi'iiiintl have jii-iici • ;
t't-Xt left Sn the 5 fully aubmltted tu so Ituteh (iluisc. Ik-I
•luit-    left    Willi
!m;'«UmI W»(,k(*fr;?<«,
trrsr*    At-nii**----..-
or Shrnbb'would tiavi
iihiidi.'.    TiM'  strikers
the  u*:\ !|
l«i;i!,     >.:
John A. McDonald
Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
'"   ' $2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE    " Box 22
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Cemetery Notice
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at a . reasonable
charge, can make arrangements ivith the undersigned, ( ... -
Funeral Directors
V/U.l   1-1,1
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At thu last roeetlnK o* Ihe cci'.-u-J
tlve fomnilttci)  of  the  Si'iiiidln.ivi.iii i
Hoc-liilltit Federation tbe work fir tic j
niv.iiilKiitlott  utirliiK  tho i-iiminu  f,i»i j
nnd winter wiih thoroitnlilv i|ii,cuf.s* j. j
'»  ii.i-i derliled in ir-tid ;il U:t*t  'tin    '
iirKiiiiUer*  Ilil"  the Hi Id,  mm   Ii'.t,,
iii'--- w-ih onlerel virlriTel. the <itir,!'.n ■
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tion   >vfi« *ro«n!t!ere«l. .ml |»1:hh n .■.-<•
:i'!ri;iifil \<* S"H ibi-m  -ti rei! i**lr'.>-.-
trim.   When the f.tll nrrlna the ;?. -m
illnitxl.in comrndex «m f-nt^r Into tht-
tiitnn avliif f.'iiriKileii Ibn l.'n-  <■.■'
i*"."f,f in thit -r-ninrrv
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imi >\ .if.-ifr.sM.mil/, wwvwili imx non* on Miwir Nny
Watch for
Our . . .
" "* ,i
& Labor
A Review of Labor and
Industry in the Pass...
Profusely Illustrated
Published Sept. 12th.
mm ~7T"'>«*"E»p?*¥.8
t  £
* tf
cEstablished April 1899
Wholesale  and Retail   TobaCCOntSt
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good;
Great Northern
' Train for south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern sncl southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
ancl Chicago,without change.
Connection with all lake and Atlantic.'"steanv
ship lines.
PHONE 161. BOX 305.
Over McLean's Drug Store
■    Our new Suitings are here. Splendid wearer?, ~
handsome tweeds and worsteds. Drop in and
inspect them.
Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Ladies' Fancy Garments a Specialty. Feathers,
' Furs, Gloves, Ladies' or Men's Hats cleaned
or dyed and blocked, any, style.
at reasonable prices
Out-of-town work attended to promptly .
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L, A, Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms,
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50o. pd Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
8AM GRAHAM, Manaaar
Thomson & Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie, B,
Local Agents  ,
Ortittru titUttn throuiihout the Pawi
From England
_ *
Three Working-Class Weapons
Earsdon, England, Aug. 6.
There are three organized forces at
work for improving the lot of the
wage earner. I refer first to the
trade union; secondly, to the co-operative movement; thirdly, to Socialism.
I take them up in the order named.
The trades union takes up the position
attached to its various callings and it
tries to improve the conditions governing their respective members' calling, not ouly in the regulating of
wages, but in offering them a better
means to meet the oppressive forces
of competition and the hardships of
low wages. Truly this has been done
by the trades union movement alone
in all parts of the industrial world and
how true it is today that the work of
the trades union is as great as ever
it was in the past years, when the people ..were kept in ignorance by tho lack
of.educational learning. - .-
You in my adopted country have
and are experiencing the oppressive
forces at work, and let me just take
you to the recent strike in South Africa. iThere you have the oppressive
forcesat work with all its cruel powers, and the Hand today is known as
the Red Hand. One of the principal
causes of the trouble out there was
the determination of those gold magnates who control'the Hand that there
must be' no organized body of workers there, and the fight really at issue
was against the workers' trade unions.
Yet we have persons over here posing
as Socialist reformers, taking their
stand that the days of trades unions
are past. There is no other power
that the workers possess today which
meets so much oppression from their
opponents. Treasuries of wealth have
been laid aside for all manner of
schemes to overthrow the trades union movement, but it is a sacred institution and the hand of God is behind
the moral and social welfare of its
members as well as protecting liis industrial occupation. That is only
some of the many grand objects which
it brings about; yet how often do the
workers slight, them, and surely thc
leaders who spend their early vigor
and service to their comrades, and yet
are broken down in health at,au early
age, having spent their lives iu sacrifice for the convictions and principles
to their trades unions.
I have outlined the principal part, of
the trades union mission to the industrial world and will now take up the
co-operative side' and its mission to
the people. The capital of the' co-operative movement is made up from the
household expenditure of. some millions of wage earners, and it is right
prise that the wage earners have an
avenue whereby they can spend their
wages to their advantage and have a
return of from 10 to 20 per cent, profit, and not that alone, but they become owners of shares and property
in this great movement, which
amounts to millions of pounds and
through their banking system a turnover of over £147,000,000 per annum
passes through lhat financial department, of the movement over here,
which pays about 4 per cent, interest
upon capital invested in this department. It employs about 90,000 workers in the various co-operative circles.
I am not referring to the workers in
their productive departments, but to
these who are servants in the various
societies connected with the movement. Now as to the quality of the
goods and materials—they are of the
best, that can bo produced and the
prices compare with any of the private retail establishments where there
is no dividend paid, but In the co-operative investment there is an average
divident of about 1GV* per cent, paid,
and then the various stores become
the property of the members; likewise
the large productive works are the
sole property of the movement. I expect, all being well, to attend the jubilee of the C. W. S„ to be held in September, and will give some notes of
interest connected with its wonderful
growth in the first, fifty years.
Xow as to the Socialist side. I am
a Socialist irom a Christian standpoint, but taking a genera) review of-
Socialism as it is taught by many of
our leaders over here, I fear the lot
of the wage earners will not be improved for very many long years to
come. Jly reason., for this is, those
persons who ignore the great work of
the trades unions and many other progressive movements say our only remedy lies in Socialism, and' as long as
we hold to these things as they term
them, our lot as workers cannot be
I answer that the co-operative
movement and the trades unions of
Groat Britain have proven quite differently ancl iii these two wonderful
forces there is hope and a real practical knowledge of improving over
evory-day life. As we journey on the
upward march life can never be contented no matter what rule of power
we may reach for our social, moral
and industrial standard. There will
ever be that higher and higher ideal
of what life ought to be and let not
imaginary or delusive thoughts think
they can turn the world upside down
in a day. It is too great a task and
the sacrifice of the younger life's
for what is being gained.
Secret of many Mine
Accidents Discovered
heroes of the past. He sacrificed his
life to save others, and the above
three were saved through the noble
efforts of gallant Reilly.
For the benefit of our many Journal readers -who have dear ones
In the homeland, I will give the names
of the victims:
Charles Reilly, fireman; married;
Main street, Lambhill.
Alexander ° Brown, single, Mavis
John Brown, Mavis Valley.
William Brown, Mavis Valley.
Andrew Dunbar, single; Lambhill
John Worthington, married; Black-
hill Row, Summerston.
Charles Armstrong, single; Gar-
scube road.
George McMillan, married; Possil-
Thomas Holland, married; Possil-
James Flynn, married;  Possilpark.
Alexander McMillan, married; Tel-
lyhifl, Bishopbriggs.
Cuthbert Bell, single; Possilpark.
Hugh Anderson, single; -Lambhill
Owen MoAlbou, single; Lambhill
Hugh   McCann, married;  Lambhill.
George Harvey, married; Lambhill.
Patrick Regan, married;  Lambhill,
Patrick Darroch, married: Loch-
f aii Ids.
George Davidson, married; Mavis
William Ramsey, single; Mavis Valley. -'■    '
Robert Ramsey, married; Mavis
Patrick Duffin, married, Lambhill.
The three, named Brown are brothers, as,were also the two Ramseys.
The above list is twenty-two, not
twenty-three, as Michael MacDonald,
married, Possilpark, has been rescued
after being in the mine nineteen
hours, making four saved.
The cause of the disaster, I am informed, was a fused cable, but will
let, my readers know more in my future notes.—U. M. W. of A. Journal,
When a prominent mine manager
was recently complimented on the arrangement and equipment of a new-
mine, on which he had spared no expense to secure safoty and economy,
his friend spoke of it as a "model
mine." The mine manager threw up
his hands and exclaimed, "For God's
sake don't call it that, Have you never
noticed that shortly after a mine gets
a reputation as a model mine it is
usually the scene of a great disaster?"
He then instanced several cases in recent years. -When asked if he was
superstittious on the subject, he replied, "No, not at all. But when a
mine gets a reputation as a model one,
particularly as regards safety, the officials and workmen are likely to presume too much on the means taken to
elemeut, get careless, and an accident
follows. I believe in removing or minimizing every source of danger, but I
want my subordinates and the mine
workers to constantly be on the alert,'
and to be just as careful as they
would be in a less well protected
mine,"—The Colliery Engineer.
How's This?
■"We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that cannot be cul-ed by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
P. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known P.
J. Cheney for the last'15 years and believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and , financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by his firm.
Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and
mucuous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price Tr. cents per
bottle.   Sold by all Druggists.
Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.
s .♦.
Are You Working
Bar supplied with   the   hes-t Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
If you are not Wealthy you ARE
working  uphill.
Disinclination to work or play is
not—in nine cases out of ten—caused
by LAZINESS, but by sickness.
That "don't feel good" sensation
won't send you to a doctor—yoij probably don't think it is serious enough.
But it is almost a sure sign of Indigestion, Dyspepsia or Biliousness.
Next time you "don't feel good" try
lo urops of Mother Reiser?! Curat!vo
Syrup. You'll get relief—QUICKLY'.
This old English remedy has been
TRIED and PROVEN during tho past
10 .YEARS In every quarter pf' tho
It lias a wonderful effect upon tho
Moma'ch and stimulates :1k, digestive
organs  to   normal   action.
Mother Sclsel's Ouratlvo Syrup Is
almost purely herbal—It Is a distillation of certain Roots, Barks and
Leaves—Nature's remedy for a tivs-
-inlerod   .-Uumach.
Or,der a bottlo of Mother SiMgel't; Curative Syrup—try it out, then note* tho
Improvement   in   your   health.
Price  $1.00      Trial  Size,   SOo.
For Sale by
The question is asked. We
answered: "Look around-you
and see.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing	
Are you alive to the situation?   If you are we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses ' Here    Are
Dirt Cheap. „   n'
fernie,:b. C.
.assise &s&s_
were the FIR8T PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Bocauso they are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
Following the meeting of the Kentucky Mining , Institute of last fall
there was published in thc columns of
this periodical the substance of a talk
made to the Institute by Prof, C. ,T.
Norton, chief of the department of
mino inspection of Kentucky, in which
ho related tho observance of stray electric currents In a mine that hnd
been instituted in an effort to discover
why an explosion had occurred without the fuse having been Inserted. For-
tmmtely the man who was ut tlio fucn
of the working nt the tlmo was not
killed, nml was therefore able to ro-
Into exactly what had occurred und
how tho explosion had conic to tako
This InvestlRiitlon was mado by men
whoso scientific attainments arc Indisputable, and tlio reading of this article
prior to ItH publication In thoso col-
umiiB wlillo undergoing tlio necromancy of editorial* preparation.by W..L.
Ellwood, chief of tho chemical laboratory of tlio Koyatoiio Conl & CoWo
Company, areoiiBburg, Pa., so Interested lilm that lie bogan a Barlos of in-
vestlRatloiis on his own bolnilf ln the
B'overal minds' of that and othor companies, *In un onrly Inane of this year
wo published an article from tlio pen
of Mr. Rllwood, who has slnco boon
intormlttentty Continuity? his Investigations, and who now writes:
"Por mnny years coal mining has
iboon carried on all ovor tho world, and
for lust so many years lmvo 'aoefdonts
boon occurring, some of which aro explained wl*fh. satisfaction, but many
aro passed ovor with tho tlmo-worn ox-
ouscs—'Dlown-oiit shots,' etc.
!'iAt laat tho mining world Is to bo
awpkonod by," ft now discovery—stray
electric currents In mines. Stray electric currents thoy certainly nro, for
thoy movo through the coal entirely
boyond tho control of man, ot times appearing with such forco as to explode
a shot pr-^jnaturoly,
"Many months of personal research
have tondod to convince mo, boyond
nil doubt, as to the vast importance ot
ilil*. dltiCOHJiy, uiul 1 !i;t) Uiul ii)n:n
tlio facts from Nils Investigation nro
placed boforo tho mining men of tlio
country there will hn no hosltnncy In
tliolr following mo in my bollof,
"Th<> current Is nnnltlvn, thc onnl
soomliiiBly acting an a storage uattory,
All coals do not exorcise tlio samo
properties In this respect, nnd, from
oxporlonco, I da not think It difficult
to detect tho active strata. I Is, thoro.
fore, cortnlnly reasonable to arguo
flint, wliflft n charge of pmvdor Ih bo.
lug placed In a holo by the uso of a
noodle It Is posnlbln for oiirrotitH. such
as abovo described, to travel down the
noodle and flro tho charge prornaturo-
In a i't'C-fiiit conversation with iho rd-
Itor of this publication Mr. Kllwootl
mate*! that ho had found iIiomi currents lu mlim-a -.vUui-t tU-cvu luil never
been any electric installation, and in
others a mile or more from where the
electric wires ended. Tne potential
varied in dliferont mines and In different parts of mines, and on one occasion ho was able to get a reading on
tho instruments used—of his own devising, invention nnd construction—
as high as O.IU Hinporos, bul as high as
0,:>.'> amperes was common.
This led to experiments in detonating shots by moons of such stray currents—In o way to avoid (lunger—and
It was found that It was possible In
nearly every Instance to flro tho shot
in this way.
This Information was communlentod
to the prosldent of tho company, Moyd
II. Huff, who mndo inquiry as to tho
probabilities in case of tho uso of 'copper-tipped lamping rods, which wero
used'exclusively, in tho mines of tho
company, aiid whon told that tho use
of such tamping rods magnified tho
danger of premature explosions It was
'peremptorily ordered that all suoh cop-
por-tlps bo ■replaced1 with tips of por-
colaln —n non-conductor-—as recommended by Mr. Rllwood. Such tamping rods aro now in oxoluslvo uso at
all tho rnlnos of tho Koystono Conl &
Coko Company and of a number of othor companies In tho Oroonsburg-Lat-
robo district; and thoy should bo used
In oil rnlnos, no mattor whothor In gas
or non-gas conl scams,-—Coal and Coko
,-    Best  Accommodation   In  the   Pass.—
Up-to-Date —  Every    Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
By Henry Evoni
Earsdon, England, Aug. 0.
At.other awful calamity and Hacrl-
flco of twenty-threo  lives   has  bami
paid by our craftsman In Scotland, ol
1/tu <.;«uiiit;t miiiii, ,Vo, lo, vWlUii in
some flvo miles from the city of (lias;
gow. In what Is known as tho Mavis
Valley. Twnnty-slx men woro at
work and tliolr shift was up at mid-
ntt»V Vvfrythtntj wnn nil rlt»bt in
far ns was known until about .1 ii.iii.,
whon tli«> night foreman, William
Brown, went to mako his usual inspoc-
tion and wiih nnmsiod to find tho main
roadway was full of smoko nnd flomos,
extending ii«lnrly to tho shaft bottom
llf giiv«» rln» rot urn signal fn bnnff and
tlio id-netrlo curront was turned:* »)*T,
but. ■ thn.ft comrade**. Hobfrt l)ir,i'l»,ir,
Michael K^nim" and Felix n'S'clli,
!|vern Uio first to realize the portion of
thing* am) wero rescued. The. other
twenty-three lmvo perished. Thl* calamity*. Uk<- all mino dlsnston;, tins had
Its Jiorui',* and tho riam« of Charles
k*,:!!!;' "AU "i^r .jrand with the r.olik
International Polo
Dolly Onme« betwoen Canodlon
and Amorlcan Town*
$35,000 in Premiums &
Competition opon to tlio'World
The First National
Indian Congress
Approved by U. S, Government
72d Soaforth HifeMandors Band
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric'. Lighted
, J. L. GATES, Proprietor    "
Fernie, B. C
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
.Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Firowork* Display Every Hi&Kt
Individual Farm' Exhibit Prizes
$20,000 Race Pro&ram
Seven Hpcoi Doily
Luuy*uc*i'^ M-wU-iUf, Thursday
Hi Por illuitroted Doily Proftram nnd
Premium LUt.nddrou 505 Chamber of
Commerce Bulldinfe u Spokane, V/mh.
the Best of
Flno JNcekwonr, Sox, Cajw, Undorwoar, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots &,Shoes,..como to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold with n-guarante*|) that if not satisfactory, you can return it ami get your money back
Insurance, Real Estate
and   oans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
il    li PAGE FOUB
■s^AZ'X&''{*7X-'-'X:-;,A ?,fer>**£*y£J;.*,
'bile Bnitici £&$&
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. ., An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM     Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48   "'" Post OfficTBoFNo. 380"""
On our front page we publish a telegram from
Kobert, Foster, president of District 2S U. M. W. of
A., wliich we have no hesitation in recommending to
our readers as AUTHENTIC. All communications
received from Mr. Foster have proved, by subsequent telegraphic reports, to be correct, and it will
,be remembered that his wire published two weeks
ago was the first to give the lie to the reprchensivc
and disgustingly distorted messages that the daily
press had been feeding to the good old '''sympathetic" but easily gulled "public" for four days.
There is no language adequate and expressive
enough to describe the autocratic and grossly unconstitutional action of Col. Hall and his livered
millions, and for a parallel we have lo turn to the
action of the Wesl Virginian coal barons, who not
content with rifles, gatling guns and forts, introduced an armored train to assist in subduing tlie
striking miners.
"March out; any attempt to break or ruu and
; you will  be  shot  or  bayonetted!"   This,.Mr.
Man, in the interests of "Law and Order."   Ye
Was ever slave treated less gentle? Did the
freedom and liberty-loving Briton ever receive such
a shock! To read Robt. Foster's telegram and not
be moved to righteous indignation both at the government and its satellites is impossible. To the more
moderate man, Kavanagh's remarks made at the
Coast last week, and for which he is threatened
with action, may have appeared exaggerated and
imn-ecessary.    AYe say "may have," but, we now
As Frank Farrington remarks in one of his communications, appearing in this issue, the authorities
have winked at' the operator and their emissaries
when they have broken the laws. Wo will go. further and state that the laws could only liave been
broken with the assistance of the government or
their petty officials.
ft is the veriest cant to talk ol! Ihe ruin and lawlessness of the mine workers. The men who should
most properly bc jailed are those who are tiicreal
malefactors and peace disturbers, The men who
have stirred up the strikers to such a pitch that
humanity can stand no longer; the men who have
tried by ovary■ conceivable means to create disturbance. These are the men who should be jniled and
if this had been done there would have been no disturbance.
The action of Attorney Bowser and his mob has
no parallel in Ihe annals of this Dominion, and Iho
trespass upon the rights of citizens of Nnnainio the
3s most uiiwiUTaiilalilo ever committed upon n civilized people whore mnrtinl law does not prevail, in
I'act, wc question whothor conditions undor martini
Jaw could be any worse.
According tu the Vancouver Sun tliis little cn|H!-
dit.inn is costing the taxpayers something like #12,-
000 per day. Wc hope it will cost them considerably more, Hotter lhat they should havo a good
dose ol' this "miniature Russian" method of "law
and lawlessness,"
Shoebotham, the attorney selected by Bowser to
prosecute the mine workers, don't seem to have received his transfer card. In fact is not eligible to
practice on the Island; at least that is what the legal fraternity say. No; don't suggest that he is
scabbing. The trouble is that the job of persecuting two hundred men must be some pickings—consequently among the litigous community there is a
deal kicking for the job. He doesn't belong to
their union—or bar association. Well, it's all the
same thing, although, no doubt, the legal gentry
would take exception to classing themselves as unionists. As Tom Hood bas it: "One touch of
nature," etc., or "one touch of the pocket!" This
is where the legal fraternity get a lesson in the labor commodity struggle.
Indianapolis, Ind., August 22, 19.13.
To the Officers and Members of the United Mine
Workers of America:
During tlie past year, we have conducted a most
aggressive organizing campaign in practically
every non-union coal field on the American continent, In all this work, we have met' with a large
measure of success.
Our accomplishments in West Virginia alone exceed tlie expectations of the most enthusiastic,
among our membership, We are conducting strikes
in Colorado, Vancouver island and elsewhere, all
of which are very important. We contemplate a
continued campaign in West Virginia and Southern
Colorado as well as in other non-union sections.
I a order to provide funds for carrying on this
campaign, we are levying an assessment of. fifty
cents per member for two months, during September and October. Therefore in accordance with our
laws, you arc hereby officially notified that an assessment of fifty cents per member per month is
levied on each and all members of our International
Union for two months beginning September 1st,
1913. If each and every member will respond
promptly and cheerfully, you will increasingly help
bring success in establishing the organization everywhere.
Please send all money to Win. Green, International Secretary-Treasurer, 1101-HOC Slate Life Bldg.,
Indianapolis, Ind.
Fraternally yours.
JOHN P. WHITE, President.
FRANK J. HAYES, Vice-President.
WILLIAM GREEN. Secretary-Treasurer.
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page 5)
mine.on tlie '22nd inst., when one of
our fellow workers ,by the name of
John Leguris got his ribs and right
arm fractured by a runaway car. He
was taken to the hospital and is doing
as well as could be expected under the
The Michel and District Anglers'
Association will hold tlieir annual fishing competition on Sunday, August
31st, when over $100.00 jn prizes will
be distributed to the members. Old
members will be eligible to compete
on payment, of $3,00 to the secretary
of the club, on or before the day of
the competition. The Duke says that
he is going to put spikes In his fishing boots, so that he can land the big
ones. Elk and Mutzine is liable to
upset the others, says Harry.. The
load will be a heavy one, boys.
While every body admits that rates have to be
collected and any Council who undertake the duty
of collecting same will be performing*.a .public obligation, we cannot help but think that had the public'been notified through both papers of the costs
md consequence of same that agreat deal' of feel*
ing might have been avoided. For our part we
would have been only too willing to insert a paragraph and paid advertisement (the latter preferably, granted) calling attention of all delinquents
to the consequences if they neglected to como
No inconsiderable number of rate-payers are getting curious about the expenses that tbey find tacked on to tlieir rales. The amount in many cases being found half as much as the rate, while in more
than one instance the expenses are more, For the
benefit of those who desire to know how this,is apportioned will state that $2.00 per parcel for advertising is allowed and 5 per cent, to the collector. In
Ihe case of this city a present has been made of
about $400.00 to one paper (namely $1.25 per name)
and the balance will go to tlie British Columbia On-
zelte, in tlie shape of ahout $240,00. As collector
the City Clerk can claim ;"> per cent, of tho total, or
a -little better than $1)00,00, without he feels generously disposed aud forgoes same. Altogether the
costs total somewhere around $1000,00 so it will be
seen Hint a rate sale is rather an, expensive item lo
the ratepayers alt hough it. cannot; lie denied that
ono or two favored individuals might be tempted
lo hope for a repetition of these sales til more frequent, intervals,.
Tho only charge agaiiisf, Jack Plaice, M. P. I'.,
appears to be thai a police revolver was found in
his room. Whether it; belonged to police or to Jack
docs not intci'i'sl us but one thing is certain, the
revolver could not have been in fi finl'cr place.
(Received too late for publication last
-  week.)
For the first time In several months
.the mine has been laid idle during the
first three days of this week, but wc
hope this apparent slackness of trade
will be only temporary.
The Sports Committee wish competitors An the various competitions to
note that the preliminary rounds in
thc baseball and football tournaments
will start at 11 o'clock sharp In the
forenoon of Labor Day. Entries should
lie addressed to Mr. T. Moody, secretary, Beaver Mines, and must be received at Beaver Mines hot later than the
midday mall, Saturday, Aug. 30th.
Owing to'the difficulty in securing
a' safe track, for the pony and horse
races, these events had to be cancelled by the committee. However, other
athletic events have been arranged in
their stead, so that the public will be
provided with a real good day's sport.
Don't forget the dance in the evening
for the' benefit of tlie Baseball Club.
Rough diamonds are sometimes met
with even in the coal mine. Last Monday three brothers named respectively
Joe, Lewis and August Vanlarkin, hailing from the sturdy little kingdom of
Belgium, left this camp ior Washington. As the book authorizing the collecting of dues for the next month had
not been handed into the office by the
Local Secretary, the clerk asked the
men if they wished him to deduct any
clues from their wages. The elder
Vanlarkin at once replied,'"Sure, and
we three voted .for one dollar levy
from each member for the benefit, of
Charlie Burns' widow; collect that also." Unfortunately all members when
pulling out are not imbued with the
same spirit as the Vanlarkins; if they
were  how  much brighter this .world
would • be._ and how much' pleasanter
would"be"tlie lot of trade,, union officials.
Mrs. and Jlr. Malcolm McDonald
(Mickie), late engineer No. 2 hoist, removed from this camp to Mountain
Mill. Mr. McDonald intends devoting
all liis time in future to farming on'
his ranch and the inhabitants of Beaver,-Mines wish hi|i God speed In his
new venture,
, The annual election of local officials
took place at this local last Sunday.
Owing to Jlr. Wm. Davies, financial
secretary, accepting tho position of
timber boss In .the mine, John Lon-
ghram, recording secretary, was elected to that position. Mr. James Barron was elected president, Wm. Munroe vice president, Robert Muir treasurer, John McPherson recording secretary, and Fred Newton janitor.
In futuro meetings of this local will
be convened for 2 o'clock p.m. instead
of 3 p.m.'*
Tho first (lUomptH to uno lliiuld alius nn explosive woro mndo ut an onrly
HtuKo of tho liquid nlr Industry, says
■tlio "Hdoiitlflu Ainoi'toiio," Shortly
aftor Lha Invention of IiIh proeoHH Prof,
von Lliulo, In 18H7, by mixing liquid
air witli clmi-conl, succeeded In pro-
(IucIiik an' osploslvo which he torinod
"oxyllqulio." Thin pulpy exploitive wim
Introduced directly Into the lilum-holo
ami iKiiltod by menus of oiirlniltfCH
anil fus-ofl., However, oh tl* 1 m I'i'rlmltlvc
limcuHH failed to give uny sntlHfnoiory
results tho oxiilo&lvo *iiiiihh wiih filled
Into carefully :propnrod paper cylln-
dorn,* porfoctly immersed nntlroly Into
liquid air, wli Ioh woro then Introduced
Into Uio blnst-hole, Though .Htifflolont
•oxplOHlvo effects woro tluiH obtained
In iinoHt onsen tlili ■tirneeiw did tint
win-rant anything llko ronl wifely iuul
uupondml in un extraordinary tlogroo
on the aklll of the men mid tho'rapidity of working.
These uiisntisfiictory results tiriji;
dun on one hand to tlio physical pro-
imiuiMn oi mini.) iiir iiw-ili, nml on mo
other to tlio Imperfoc-t profess used In
pivpnrlng tho explosives. Liquid nlr
at ordinary atmospheric preiimiro, 1, o.,
In tho open nlr. possesses tx tempera-
turn of ii^Imih !H1.8:'iIegr6oH I-'uhr, uiul
liquid oxyx<-i) n toniporaturo of minus
iv.: ih-gHtux ('"lit. minus 2ttfi.fi liitgrccH
I-'nlir,, tlm temperature difference nil
MjUlll.lCl.il    .Villi   lilt)   Hlll'l'UUIldlUK   hiv.k
Hi tin bolng nbout 200 degrees Cont, or
:lilil ilftRrflf'irKnlir." It will bo readily
uiidfrHtood tlmt a lively oki hango of
tminporaturo by boat conduction and
radiation should bn set up between
tho oxploslvo and Its mirrouiullngH, tlio
liquid air In tho bliiBt-holo bolng valorized rapidly by tho absorbed boat,
Iu fact tbo oxploBlvo curti'ldgoH used
In connection with thoso onrly cxiiorl-
moots woro found to possess il max)*
llltllll llfO Of.,10 lllllllltOH nt tho OlltSlllO,
tliolr ofl'lclnncy bolng considerably reduced aftor it Hbortor lifo.
Aftor bolng discontinued for many
years these oxpoi'liiioiitH worn rocontly
iiilteu up again by n f.leriuiin mining
onglnoor, Air, KowiiIhcIi, who, In conjunction with Mr. IlaldiiH, of Chariot-
umburg, wns allowed to work at'*-tbo
Royal Qiini'i-loH of ItiulorHilorf, near
Uorlln, In iiocoi'diuico with tho abovo
Mr, KowatBdi, tried to prevent tbo
liquid nlr In tJio'libiB^bulo from ovivp*
orating by any possibility boyoiiil a
glvon limit. Iio tboroforo conceived
tlm iiin-i ri? introducing; :i' cartridge
with tho dry carhnn-boddnr Bepnrntely
into tho IiIiihMioIo without tho liquid
iild, and-afterward making any mining
preparations, tamping tho blast-bole,
etc., waiting until tho'vory liiHt moment to add tho liquid nlr and Igniting
',...     ..A,.:', .. „    ,...i,,\.,,jAt\;tj    ii'n.*:, it,uu,
This process obviously allows tho tlmo
of vaporization to bo reduced to a nilii-
I iliuiii, thus saving much of tho liquid
ulr otherwise required, cheapening tbo
procofiH uiul warranting; nn incomparably liluhcr safety,
A  Hii'.iHiitutlii]   pimtcboiird   t-yllndor
containing  a perforated  distribution'
j lube .oni I'illoil with un absolutely in-
j ort "mixture or klesolgulir and oil, ns-
■)ih«It,*.s(>ot or paraffin, Is Introduced
Into thitjjbhiRt-hole,    Info tbe contra!
distribution tubo In introduced a thin
j nupply tube, ot paper, ovor which an
other paper tubo for discharging any
products or vaporization of tbo liquid
ulr Ih slipped, aftor which tho tamping
can bo -safoly procoodod with. Whon-
ovor Bowal lilnsMiolos nro to bo fired'
Blmiiiltniioously, tho oloctrlcal conductors nro properly connected with ono
another mid with iho Igniting battory,
Tho liquid air Is It opt i-onily foikoiicll
bliist-holo In a special Binitll flush con-,
tattling a weighed quantity, Those
fluskB enrryat thoir opening tx flexible
motal tubo. with conical point, Into
which tlio contra] supply tubo Ib fitted,
All thut l«,rofjufroil for charging thorn
Is to Hl't the buck ond of tho flimlc,
whon tho liquid nlr, undor tho pros,
sure of Its own products of vaporization—llko mvlhoral water undor tho
pressure of 'cnrbonlo n,nld~rl»08
through tho .motal tubo Into the Blip.
ply lelio 'i-flr! tbvniv'h tM" Into the cfirt•
I ridge, entering there botween tbe In-
| dividual pnrtloloB of tho chargo, roady
at, the very moment oxploslon Ib started Uy electric Ignition to combine with
Iho components of tho eurtrlilgo In nn
explosion  of terrific vlolonco,    Tho
\.■•).-,,ini.:4imt* *J. -k.lv w-Mke,-*-*- *" kv.t3.-u,..;->  t.*,'
cortalneil by tho cossatlon of tho fl?.<
zing noliso undor which part of the
lliiuld air oncapoB from tho blust-holo
us a whlto fumo,
*™iiilH"*pn>poBB thus oilmimitoB all tbo
difficulties oxporloncod In early at-
tempts to uso liquid nlr as on explosive, IiotnK readily prepared by o
cheiip procosB at tbo plueu of consumption, In fact, Jn tbo vory gallery whoro
It Is to bo used. It does away with the
Inmontnblo noeldontH inseparable from
the transport and storage of dynamite
above or bolo* ground.
Owing to tlio mino having only
worked one day last woek, and not. at
all so far this week, the SportH Commlttoo doeldod to call off all competitions offering prizes for baseball, football, tug of war, and other events open
to outside tennis. It was doeldod, however, to run local sport on that day
and to offer prizes for all kinds of athletic competitions opon to men, women, boye and girls bolonglng to the
locality, tho prizes to bo arranged according to tlio takings, etc. Tbo Pin-
chor Crook Roman Catholics lmvo arranged to provide refreshments for the
oi-i'OHioi), whilst baseball, football and
tennis by the local teams will be played In tho nftornoon. In tho evening
tho new picture ball will bo opon,
showing a splondld Borloa of cyntimnla
pictures, whllHt Inter In the ovonlng a
(lance will be held In. aid of tho Huso-
bull Club;
,    ♦
ed and the council decided not'to,drill
any farther. ,;The casing is being pulled out, except enough to control the
flow of water, which seems liable to
prove a white elephant on the town.
So far. the well has cost' the town 35,-
000 dollars, and some property has
been flooded out which will cause damage suits to be brought against the
A': special meeting of contract miners was held at the pit mouth on Wednesday to discuss matters in connection with the checkweighman. It has
been the custom since the checkoff
system came in vogue for'the checkweighman to have a book and do all
he could to get new men to sign, particularly the outside men. - When the
present man took office, he refused to
have anything to do with the checkoff,
saying he was hired to weigh coal, and
contended that the secretary should do
the work. After a' lively discussion at
the regular meeting it was referred to
the special meeting, where It was decided to take a ballot on Saturday to
decide whether the checkweighman Is
to be an active union man or not. It
seems to be fight, with the big majority of the foreign speaking miners lined up behind the weighman, and the
English speaking men with few exceptions lined up behind the local officers
In their efforts to make- the union at
this camp as strong as possible.
There seems to be considerable opposition at this camp to some of the
outside men'being in the organization.
A year ago a fight was made for the
schedule wages for some of these men.
Recently, the two blacksmiths signed
the checkoff, but when the secretary
go* his list from the office those men's
names were marked "revoked." Upon
investigation it was found that some
influence was brought to bear on them
and they had not the backbone to
fight for their rights. However, one
man has quit. ' It is a well known
•fact that any of these men who are
not in the union are not paid the
scheduled -■ rates Hence the reason
for discouraging them from joining.
The'Town Council has been passing-
some new by-laws lately. One in particularly was badly needed with regard
to keeping pigs in the town limits. In
some parts of the town a number of
people had several -pigs, and during
the hot weather a very unpleasant
odor was noticeable around that vicinity.
A meeting of the Lord's Day Alliance was held in Knox Church on
Monday last. Rev. C. 11. 1-leustis, the
secretary for Alberta, gave an address
along the lines of the organization.
The attendance was small. It is
noticed that since the riieeting the
restaurant keepers ■ who carry fruit,
tobacco and "so forth, have had' to quit'
selling bn Sunday. If you forget
to buy your smoking on Saturday-
night you have to go without, for you
"cah'rbuy "any nrTaber on "Sunday
The owners of threshing outfits in
this district have organized under the
name of the United Threshers of Alberta, and have fixed prices for threshing and wages as follow: For man
and team, $5; for single men, $2.50;
spike pitchers, $3; for threshing
wheat, 11 cents per bushel; oats, 7
cents; barley, S cents; flax, 25 cents,
All poor or weedy fields to bo charged
by tho hour according to the capacity
of the outfit.
The Taber billiard and pool hall is
advertised for sale.
song, '.'Angel.eent "from heaven." Mr.
R. Jones, in a neat speech, presented
a -14 karat gold locket with Inscription
thereupon -'From Friends at Coleman."
At the termination of the chairman's
speech he called,oil Mr. Thomas Ly-
shon to sing "Farewell," all of the
party standing up and joining-in. <Mi\
Phillips responded by thanking his
friends for. the nice token they had
presented to.him and stated he would
everlastingly cherish same as it would
always bring to him happy recollections of the good times spent in Coleman-amongst tlie boys.
H. C. McBurney, Geo. A. Clair, O. E.
S. Whiteside, of town and E. C. Fitzsimnions, of Frank, feft on Tuesday
in Mr. Clair's automobile on a fishing
expedition up the North Fork, travelling via Burmis and Lundbreck.-, An
extra auto was takfen along to carry
tents, bedding, etc., and incidentally
to bring the fish home.
R. B. Buchanan was in town on
Thursday from Pincher Creek.
The Alabama Minstrels (Coon Town
400)' are scheduled to show in their
big tent on Friday, evening.
• R. A. Norman, editor of the Coleman Bulletin and the Pincher Creek
Herald, was in town on Wednesday
and Thursday from Pincher.
Miss Latta, of Cowley, is the guest
of Miss 'M. Johnson at the Eagie Restaurant.
Mayor W. L. Ouimette attended the
convention of the Union of Alberta
Municipalities, held at High River on
Tuesday and Wednesday, returning
Thursday morning.
Rev. T. M. Murray visited Pincher
Creek during the week, attending a
meeting-of tlie Macleod Presbytery.
Cecil Gower ls holidaying at Aber-
netthy, Sask., leaving on Saturday
night's No. 514. He will be away about
two weeks.
The Order of Owls' Labor Day program 'for Monday next promises to be
an Interesting event. Bills advertising a list of cash prizes'aggregating
$500.00 have beon'displayed-in shop
windows and elsewhere for the past
two weeks. A special feature will be
the football match between Lethbridge Caledonians and the Coleman
Some Business Changes
J. Mawson, the successful manager
of the Co-operative Stores for the past
two years, has resigned his position
and will return with Mrs. Mawson to
England; going via Vancouver and
Australia, Jlr. and Jlrs. Mawson will
be accompanied by Frank N. Green
and Mrs. Green. Mr. Green has also
been an employee of the Co-operative
for about two years and lately resigned his (position. The new manager of
the business is J. H. L. Willcocks, of
England, but more recently of Winnipeg. 'Jlr. Willcocks brings to Coleman a long experience with the Cooperative movement in the" old* country. The local society has recently
been re-organized to comply with the
conditions of the new provincial act
governing such companies_dp_ing_bus_i-
;; We have received thefollowing>letter and would ask our readers to supply any information they may havo
concerning same:'   '.      "
Edmonton P. O., Alta!,
' August 21   1913.
To the U. M. W. of A., Secretary,    '
Fernie, B. C.
Dear Brothers,—Would you kindly let
me know of a miner named John Ra-
beck who generally works around the
mines and was in a' local of the Western Federation of Miners, as I would
like to locate .his whereabouts. ■ His
brother in Alberta, is seeking him.
The brother is very ill and has none
of his family with him at present. ■ A
post card would do as I only want his
address. - ' '
Yours, etc.,
United Brotherhood of Capenters.*
A very pleasant and enjoyable evening was spent at Mr. and Mrs, Hopkins' home on Aug. 23, whoro n number of friends congregated to bid goodbye to Mr. A, Phillips and wish him a
pleasant voyngo back to Monmoth-
shire, Englnnd. After supper was par-
taken of, for which the friends wish to
thank Mr. nnd Mrs. Hopkins kind hospitality, It was decided to appointed
chairman, and that position wns ably
filled by Mr. 11. Jones, whoso first call
wns Mr. T, Lysbon, song/ "Monln";
Mr. H, Prlco, song, "River Shannon
flows"; Mr. l\ Smith, song, "Waiting
at the church," encore, "Hraiinigan"
Mr. .1. Mltcholl,'toast: Mr. T. Morrl-
mnn, song, "fie was a pnl": Mr, T.
Ibulhnni,' rocltntlon; Mr. A. Phillips
and Lyshoii, dnot, "Larboard wntcH";
Mr. I. Thomas, song, "What will your
answer bo"; Mr, A. Flynn, rocltntlon,
"I'uraon's son"; Mr. J. T. Hopkins,
song, ".luiinlla"; Mr. W, Ranks, song,
"AnnlOyLaiirlo," encore, "Shelter your
mothor aiid mo"; Mr, Goo, Murr,
speech; Mr, J. HiiitIb, song, "White
mnn lot mo go"; Mr. A. Anderson,
song, "Tho |iiiif; hour boll"; Sir, W,
Hopkins, Hong, "Daddy"; .Mr. Watklno
mul -Mr, Tlion'i'ns and Mr, Hail ham, trio,
Welsh song; Mr. O. Ilouch, song,
"Dear homo lnnd": Mr,Ai. Johnston,
recitation, "Sam Motion"; Mr. It. H.rloo,
ness. . *
R. B. Buchanan, for several years
past manager of the Bank of Commerce and formerly the Eastern
Townships Bank here, has been appointed to the management of the
former bank at Pincher Creek. Mr.
Buchanan will be succeeded on Sept.
lst by Mr. Bullock, who. comes froni
Port Colborne, Ont., at which place he
has been Bank of Commerce manager.
W. L. Brldgeford has sold' his
"Palm" fruit and refreshment business to Frank Celli, of Coleman. Mr.
Brldgeford will continue to reside in
town for some time as yet.
Harry Higgins hns opened a pool
room in the' Eagle block and began
business on Saturday last.
D. Rogei-B Is the now manager of
the Grand Union pool-room and has
como back to Colomnn recently from
Arrow Lakos, B, C.
K, D. MacLean, of Pincher Creek,
spent sovernl dnys in town last weok,
Wm, Richardson, formerly a resident hero but nt .present of Fort
Steele, B. C„ was a Colomnn visitor
during the week,
D. R. O'Neil, ot Calgary, called on
Colomnn morchnnts this wook, carrying the latest In boots and Bhoos.
On Snturdny afternoon last Colomnn
atoros woro closed for sovoral hours
nnd business generally wns suspended
while a multltildb of cltlzons and visitors paid tliolr last rospocts to the lato
Jonathan Graham nnd tho Into Snmuol
Shono by attending tliolr rospoctlvo
funerals. Both services wero hold at
tho Angllcnn Church and tho town
band headed both processions to tbo
"last resting placo" nt tho comotory.
Floral tokens worn numerous and
beautiful. Tho public generally mndo
a. goodly manifestation of their re-
spoct for the lnmontod dead nnd also
thoir syn-fnthy for Mrs. Grnh'mn nnd
Mrs, Shono and others In thoir sad bo-
The grim roapor clalmod another Infant thlB wook, thlB time visiting tho
homo of Mr. nnd Mrs. Bradford nnd
taking ono of a pair of twins born in
Fobrunry last,
To The Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—Permit me to trespass on
your space and protest ■• against -the
very poor sporting spirit that seems
to prevail among some of the footballers of the Pass. I was present at the
Coal Creek v. Hosm'er Match at Coal
Creek last Saturday and have rarely
seen a more disgraceful display of
temper than that to which the spectators wero treated. I can quite understand a player losing his temper occasionally but it ls here, in my opinion, that the umpire should most certainly exercise his authority and insist that players who are guilty ofAf!s-
tic arguments should immediately
leave the field. Possibly Coal Creek
players lost their temper, and possibly,
the crowd may also have* felt a little
apprehension at the prospects of losing the match, but nevertheless In the
interests of sport I think it was the
duty 'of the referee to put a stop to the
match untll-both players .had left the
There Is no doubt that the referee
with the exercise of a little firmness
might have checked this feeling among-
the players and spectators.
Yours etc.,,
A  Four Hundred  Dollar  Piano  Absolutely Given Away
That advertising is now a science is
again demonstrated practically to the
buying publfc of this section by the
wonderful advertising^ system now employed by the most enterprising business house of N. E. Suddaby, who is
going to give away ABSOLUTELY
FREE' to some one of his customers
on 31 January,' 1914, the beautiful
now on- exhibition at hts store. The
piano sells for ■ FOUR HUNDRED
strument in every respect, GUARANTEED by the makers for TEN YEARS.
JUST THINK OF IT! A Four Hundred Dollar Piano to be GIVEN
AWAY! A few years, ago, if a merchant was to do such a thing he would
be considered a fit subject for an
asylum, but conditions have changed,
yet in the face of the enormous sum
spent in advertising the fact of N. E.
Suddaby giving away a $400.00 piano
is a stupendous undertaking and it
clearly demonstrates his desire to be
"always up to and a llttb ahead" of
the spirit of the times.
Every purchaser of $1.00 worth of
goods from any department of his
storo will receive a coupon good for
100 votes on the piano. The person
presenting the largest numbor of votes
to thorn on January 31, 1914, will receive the piano absolutely froe. N'o
favors will bo shown and ovory person
will receive an equal chanco. The
reputation enjoyod by N. E. Suddaby
for "square doallng" Insures thin fact.
We think the buying peoplo will appreciate this oxtromoly Hbbral offer on
tho part of N. E. Suddaby and wo predict, a lively scramble for votos.
Classified Ads.-Gant a Word
FOR RENT—Flvo-roomod Houso. Apply to W. Minton, Annex, 55
FOR I113NT—Four roomed Houso;
mont kltchon, clothes olosot, eloc-
trio light, wator, etc, Apply Wm.
Barton, agent Singers Sowing Mn-
chlno Co,, City. 60
light housekeeping (modern). Mrs.
Murphy, Jaffray St. 03
TO LBT—5-rooi'mod house on half aero
of land; wator In houso, situate In
Wost Fornlo nonr school; ront $15,00
por month. Apply to Mr, McDonald,
Trltos-Wood, 01
Aiioiliei- old tinier Iiiib returned to
(•'im|> In tlio .person of Hilly MoCron,
who arrived here from Kipp n few
Mrs. Stiiiiuolu, of Michel, In in town
for it few days, visiting MrB, T. Schoo-
(leorgo Duller has roturimd to camp
lifter an ubsouco of a. fow months,
floor-no hns been working at Bonvor
IIIIIIOH   iltlt'lV,
■lee Hi-;ii!Jy iv;is u vMtw In town
tbls week, .loo hns a "liomoBteiid'Jln
tbo Milk Illver country and will prove
up this month. i
Thoro Is talk of tho rnlnos starting a
build, A numbor of miners havo boon
, laying In tiie town band ior somo
yenrs, nml tho town don't auppiirt tho
band, bo tlioro Is a possibility of It
breaking up. Max Shiiltz Ib to furnish
tho locnl union with an ostimnto of tho
cost of liiBtniiiionts, when ways and
menus will bo devised to raise tbo
Tho Canada Wost mine Iwb boon
working prHiy ntoaiiy this month, bul
will bo Idle tomorrow (Thursday).
Horn, to Mr. nnd Mrs. Georgo Shae
fer, a son, on Thurfldny last.
Tho Taber gas well has been stop
l*sd.  A depth af 3,000 feet was reach
Sensational European Feature !!
**"        'I   '' .      "     ".'*'.. >,
he Two Engine Drivers
3 - REELS - 3
Full of hair raising.incidents; one those kind that make you wonder how it is done
Commencing Wed. Sept. 3
Out Pictures will be changed daily, wilh a two or three reel feature every day
Got One Of Our Programmes  And  Koop   Up To Dato i.;
'-a        \
page nvi   /' O'-J
»*»V¥¥**»V*W^»,»»y¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥-*^^ ******•****••** iWl-**AAft»AAAyTTTYVYTYTYt¥VYYYTTTY'rrrrT
of The  District Camps
Trip to Elko
•The Young People's Union in connection with the Methodist Sunday
School held a picnic at Elko on Saturday, August 23rd, a party numbering
36 loft Fernie on the local and arrived
at Elko about 11.15 a.m. The young
ladies of the party had lunch baskets
and were accompanied by one of the
sterner sex. The genial president,
Tom, Reid, was in-charge of the arrangements for lunch. Aftor lunch a
game of football was played. Some of
the gentlemen took their annual ablu-
t!on( remarking that they felt fresher
as a result of same; others went for a
joy ride, one of the party, taking out
a two seater. They reported a rough
passage, but eventually arrived back
safely after running over a few trunks,
etc. (Oh, you driver!) On assembling for the, return Journey, it was
found the climatic conditions were bo
congenial that 4 had delayed their return until Sunday night. Everybody
enjoyed themselves as evidenced by
the happy, smiling faces on return.
Mrs. W. R. Puckey and Mrs. J. Dixon, paid a visit to Elko during the
■■ week-end.    iWatch the Ledger man I
Coal Creek vs. Hosmer
A large attendance of football enthusiasts turned out on Saturday last
to witness the game played between
Coal Creek and Hosmer for the first
round of the Mutz Cup. The Hosmer
boys made the journey via rigs. Owing to the non-appearance of the official referee, a coin was tossed for
choice^ Coal Creek won and chose Joe
!Mitchell as knight of the whistle. Coal
Creek pressed from the start 'but from
a breakaway Quinney played the ball
hetween the backs and drew first
blood for Hosmer. This break evidently, put more dash in the Hosmer
team, for some good football was
.shewn by,both teams. The interval
arrived with Hosmer leading 1—0. On
resumption Coal Creek sped down the
field, ahd during a scrimmage in gqai
the ball was shot in and McQueen put
through his own gopl. After this Mitchell had his hands full controlling the
game. One of the Hosmer players
.taking umbrage at Manning, of Coal
Creek, started rough work, which
caused a miniature Donnybrook. Ord-
•er was eventually restored, and before the whistle blew for time Coal
Creek scored three tim^s, and the
game' ended 3—1 in favor of the
Creek. ' J. , Mitchell deserves ' credit
, tlie game. "■ .- - ."
Below .we give a list of the events
. at the sports to 'be held up here on
Monday, September lst:. Old Mens'
..race; lop.ya^/Is .handicap; boys' 100
yards handicap; open handicap for
100 yards; sack race; girls' race; 100
yards handicap; married ladies' race;
single ladies' race; married couple
■novelty race; 410 yards race; putting
tho shot; half-mile race; .standing
jump; hop, step and jump; half mile
"handicap; wrestling (catch as catch
can); tug of war; one mile race; drib-
"bllng contest; 5-aslde football contest;
quoits handicap; snap handicap. All
entries to be in not later than Aug. 30.
Entries taken by W. Hughes, W. R.
Puckey and R, Johnstone.
All children under 10 years of age
will receive 10c. Look out for tho
inen with the dimes. '
Don't forgot tho waltzing competition in the Club Hall at night. Now,
you dnncera,. get busy.
Some ot the spectators contninly
felt "sore" when the grandstand collapsed during tho match last Saturday.
Mrs, ,T. B. Rudd, of .Hellevuo, was
visiting in cnnip on" Sunday In company with hor .brother, Ernest. Tv'hoft'
sho sow the amount of blueberries sho
declared she would come up again on
Monday, but nfter dim-bins' rocks,
troo trunks, etc., doclnred sho wob "all
In." (Say', Bnrb, wo won't climb Iho
rocks ngotn 1
Thore wns onco a lady from Ilollovuo
Who en mo the scenery to roviow;
Whon the borrlop sho snw
Sho exclaimed, "Oh, law!
This Is something thnt I never know!"
(All rights "rnvorsod.")
Sovoral flno photographs of tho outside workings nnd dinkeys woro ob-
tnliied at the Creok by tho Lodger thlB
week, km. It Ib Intended to \ibo thorn to
Illustrate the special    Labor and Industrial Edition that will appear in
tho courso of a couple of woolts.   Uo
sure and socuro your coi>lofl;„thoro will
bo no roprlnt.
Tho commlttoo'of tho football dub
in the mooting on Sundny night decided to run ix smoking concert on Sntur-
day, August BOth, the proceeds to bo
devoted to tho Injured playors. Como
iiwl torln-g tho song you havo boon
Wo hoar of one Individual who folt
Tathor BLUE'After .taking what ho
thought would quench Ills tblr«t.
It Ih nbout tlmo some steps woro
taken to stop tho porlodlonl dlstur
nice, bonfire. However, the promptness displayed by. the residents, who
■were quickly on the scene, averted
what might have been a serious Catastrophe/ The thanks of all is due the
fire fighters. '
The -members of the club who are
interested in dancing met together and
decided to hold a dancing class weekly
with a social dance every month. The
fee for same will be $1 per month.
Por club members only.
Given good weather we are anticipating a great day here on Labor Day,
Don't forget the dance in the Club Hall
at night.
Mrs. Lowther Morton is spending
a vacation—and dollars—at the coast.
We hope she will be benefitted by the
Mrs. Isteyn Foster and family were
visiting friends up here on Thursday.
J. Sharpies will represent the Creek
at the special league meeting held at
Michel on Saturday next. The hot-
air artist will be present. We produce the goods.     (We can't grasp it.)
Wilson Wignall has pulled out for
fields and pastures new! George, we're
sorry we could not see you off, old
man.   •>   .
A miner named Joe Gigolettie, employed In No. 1 East mine, received
injuries to his back on Friday night
which necessitated his removal to the
hospital. ;
The company are repairing the sidewalks In Coyote Street. The painters are getting busy on tltS houses.
Everything points to Coal Creek being
the most picturesque place, in the
The Rev. Mr. Phllp, of the Methodist Church, will speak on the subject
'.'La-boii" on Sunday evening next. The
subject for Sunday,' September- 7th,
is, "Was Jesus Christ a Socialist."
Everybody welcome.
The stork has ibeen very busy
around here again this week. Jlr. and
Mrs. Machin, of Welsh Camp, and Mr.
and Mrs. Macrlstle, of Coyote Street,
being the proud possessor of sons and
heirs in consequence.   All doing well.
Mrs. Dowe (nee Miss Hunt)' of La
Ravea, Man., accompanied by her
daughter was visiting Mr. and Mrs.
Dooley of Coal Creek last week.
Mrs. Gourlay,-. of Scotland, is on a
visit to her daughter and son-in-law,
Mr and Mrs. Adam Watson. What
think you of Coal Creek, the Garden
City of the West?
The summer tournament at the club
drew to a close on Sunday last. Below we give a list of successful contestants: Billiards—1, J. Corrigan; 2,
E. Starr; 3, J.~Myers;~jur.T""~"V""Syd
Larigdon. Seven Up-^1, -Jos. -Knowles; 2, J. Brimble. Crlbbage—1, J.
Hamer; 2, Geo. Crabbe. Whist—1,
R, Sampson and W. Tinker; 2, W.
Adams and J.- Worthington. , Dominoes—J. Mllburn; 2, M. Hughes.
Quoits—J. Myers, jur.; 2, J. Myers,
senr.   Snap—1, J. Dixon; 2, E, Harri-
D. ill. Erler and C. Claridge, well
known in local Moose circles, were
Hosmer visitors Wednesday.
.The Hosmer Football Team will play
Fernie at Fernie on Labor Day for the
$75.00 purse.
The many Hosmer friends of Miss
A. Wilson, who used to be principal of
the public school here, will be shocked
to hear that she is believed to ha,ve
perished in the wreck of the steamer
State of California off the coast of
Mr. R. Beardsworth, of the Bank of
Montreal, left Hosmer on Tuesday's
passenger for a holiday. His many
friends, who were on the depot to witness his departure, saw to It that he
was conspicuously labelled.
Tbe football fraternity of Hosmer
were shocked to learn of Mie sad and
sudden death of Jonathan Graham, of
Coleman. Our sympathies go "out to
the widow in her sad bereavement.
Our local nlmrods are as busy as
ibees getting ready for the shooting
season. There'll be the usual big
game stories floating around shortly.
♦ ♦
♦ ' •    ♦
Tho police court caso arising out of
the Russian civil war' ln Now York'
Hooms to have developed Into quite a
serious affair nnd lias boen adjourned
onco moro, this time till Wednesday
next. By the way, we always thought
tbo Crown took up the prosecuting
end ln cases of this kind.
It looks ns if an interesting event Is
lo tako placo In the near future. A
trip to tho drcBsmnkors as a rule slg-
ntflos something, doesn't It, Robert?
All working plugs should soe that
thoy got ou tho votors list so that thoy
will ibn ablo to rocord their vote
ngniiiBt thnt . power-drunk autocrat.
IlowBor nnd IiIh military rule mob, ihe
Conservatives, when olectlon time
comes round, (Winter Is coming anil
with it Mcllrldo's Whlto B, C.)
Hosmor Footbnll Club Journeyed to
Conl Crook to play In tho first round
of tho cup on Snturday Inst nnd had
somo thrills boforo they rotuVnod
homo. The first shock wo received
was on learning that two registered
Hosmor plnyors wero to turn out for
Lonl Crook. Fortunntely wo wore ablo
to replace them wlth.Bubstltutos, nl-
though for a while wo looked like playing 10 mon. Then wo wore Informed
that tho offlclnl roforoo had failed to
put ln nn appearance, Thoro was
quite n hit of discussion boforo wo fl-
nnlly tossod up for choice nud, iih iisu-
nl with Hosmor, our luck wns out,
Mltcholl, of Conl Croolc, being cnllnd
upon to handlo tho gnmo. Or tho game
Itself It sufflcos to sny HoHinor looked
winners all tbo way, lending by a mag-
nlflcbnt gonl scored by Murray. UII 20
mlnutoB from tlmo, whon McQueen,
who previously hail plnyod splendidly,
lind to misfortune to bond llirough his
own gonl and before Hosmer had recovered from tho shock the Creek had
scored S times In 7 minutes, nil of
thorn of tho soft variety, Hosmor rallied and mndo a doaporato attempt to
Hnvo tho gamo, but lianas waB oquril to
all calls*!' tho score ending Coal Creek
Mrs. G. W. Goodwin, who was operated on In the local hospital, has sufficiently recovered to be able to leave
for her home.
■Master Leslie Cousins was operated
on in the local hospital on Thursday
last for tonsillitis and adanois. He Is
progressing very favorably at his
, 'Mrs. Samuel Shone and family are
visiting in camp for a few days, the
guests of Mr. Robert Evans.
The Eagles had a special meeting on
Thursday last to make arrangements
for the funeral of Mr. Graham, of Coleman.
Uyell's dog circus entertained a
large audience at the Lyric theatre
Thursday and Friday nights last.
Mrs. Frank Boasley underwent a serious operation at the hospital on Friday last. She is doing" as well as can
be expected.
Doc. McKenzie has now got nn assistant with him in camp. The new
doctor's name is Moor. He arrived on
Saturday last from the East.
.The new piano for the Lyric Theatre
arrived in camp this .week and is now
in'use at the theatre. It is one of Mason & Risch's best make and is quite
an addition to the picture show. Mr.
Johnson wishes to say that in the fu-
best-vaudeville shows that travel the
country' and besides the vaudeville
nets he intends having once a week an
amateur performance- and prizes for
The regular meeting of Local "<31
was held on Sunday, and after the
meeting was adjourned tbe officers of
the Hillcrest Co-operative Society addressed the meeting on the benefits of
the society. Quite a lot of the members presont signified their desire to
become members of the society.
The haulage crews of the two mines
at Bellevuo had a smoker and concert
In the Workers' Hall on Saturday
night. The celebration was In honor
of the record made last week for one
day's work, which was away over nil
previous records. The boys all voted
it the best tlmo they have ever had.
The BoHevue Band gave their usual
Sunday night concert to quite a largo
crowd on Sunday night,
•Mr, William Galllmore Is confined to
his home for the past few days with
la grippe.
Tho miners of Bellovue No. 1 Mine
hail tho privilege ot having their pic-
turo taken beforo going on shift Inst
Friday ovonlng. We hopo In tho near
futuro to be ablo to soo them nt the
moving picture show.
A rond gang nro ropalrlng tho road
between Bellevuo nnd Maplo Loaf,
Mrs, Albert HnUvorth hns boen laid
up for u few days with ti gov oro IHiiobb,
Mrs.  S.  T,  Humble   arrived   horo
from a three montliB' visit to tho Old
Country on Mondny.
Mr, Watts Goodwin was undor the
wenther for n few days Inst week,
Waltor Scott Is away on n fishing
excursion to the North Fork this week,
Ho Is accompanied by his brother
from Monnrch,
iMrs. .1. II Uudd wont up to Lothbrldgo on Tuesday.
Jlr, Bob Lovltt and Mr. J. II. Mc
Lood rntnniod to cnnip from a fishing
oxciirslon to tho North Fork, Thoy
brought homo somo flno flBb with
Miss Mngglo Burrows, who has boon
Visiting her Blstor-lu-law, Mrs. William
narrows, returned to camp this week,
Olnd to soo you looking so woll, Mag-
tMr. A. J. BlniB, of Frank, Ib In camp
those days serving In the store Sn Mr.
Scott's absence,
Mr, David Morris, who has boon nt
Pocahontns for some time past, returned to camp thia weok.
Robert Livott, provident of tho
lloll^viie Local U. M. W. of A., and
more salubrious locality to continue
hjs culinary efforts.- //
Wm. Welsr, formerly employed as a
fire boss in No. ,1 Mine of the West
Canadian Collieries, Limited, returned
this week after, an extended visit to
his old home in Prince Edward Island.
J. -M. Carter, of Blairmore, ex-champion caii juggler on the milk route,
was a very business visitor to Bellevue this week. Jlr. Carter has forsaken the dispensing of the product
of the graminivorous quadrupeds for
all time and is now engaged in the lucrative " profession of peddling real
estate. *,   .
John Oliphant, the affable dispenser of "red-eye" behind the mahogany at the Southern Hotel, is visiting
friends at Medicine Hat.
C. Bryce Mlllert the popular auctioneer and horse dealer, of Blair-
more, now connected with the International Securities Co., Ltd., has been
a business visitor to Bellevue for the
last several. days. Interviewed by
your correspondent, Mr. Miller vouchsafed the information that despite the
"knocking" that firm had received
from a well known local publication,
that he was still getting and would
continue to get his share of the real
estate business. ' Oh, well! Miller always was an exaggerated optimist.
Jas. Allsop, the eminent authority
on car construction and amateur horticulturist has placed on exhibit at
the buffet'of the Southern Hotel three
home grown tomatoes the product of
his up-to-date green house, and despite
the alleged money stringency has also
expressed his willingness to wager one
hundred bones with any rival horticulturist that imagines he can in any way
surpass the products exhibited. .The
contest to be confined to residents of
the Crows Nest Pass and quality'to be
the governing feature.
J. W. Bennett, former editor of the
District Ledger, was greeting old
friends in Bellevue on Wednesday.
The stork again has been busy in
camp and this time visited the home
of Mr. and Mrs. John Jackson, leaving
a fine daughter. Mother and child,doing well; John all smiles.
■Mr. A. Tristrim, T. Marsh and Fred
Parker .were Lethbridge visitors this
week on business. Now, Fred, watch
•Mr. Delaney, tne electrician at the
Bellevue mine, was visiting his family
at Diamond .City/
The carpenters are busy these days
fixing up the old school as a dwelling
house.   It is to be occupied by the
electrician wheh.completgd. ___,
The sad news reached camp
week that Mr. Samuel Shone, who was
super, at tbe Bellevue mine some time
ago, died at the Coast. .It Is understood that his .remains are fo be
brought to Coleman for burial. The
funeral, it is understood, will be on
Sunday next.
♦ -*>
bnnceii which tnlto plneo In the vicinity « ,  —- —-..  ...    „   .„    t ,„ ,    .
of Welsh Camp, especially whon tt 3. Hosmor 1,   Hosmor hnvo protested jour esteemed John It. (Doc.) McLeod
Mr. J. E. Wilson, who is working in
Canmore, spent Sunday visiting his
family here.
A bunch of men are at work pulling
down the old Miners' Hotel.
The government road through the
now townsite has been completed and
is a groat Improvement.
■Mr. Geo, Pattlson, of Lime City,
spent last Sunday at South Fork,
Mr. A. I. Blals and Dr. McKay motored out to the Fork on Snturday on a
fishing tour and returned homo' on
Sunday night.
Edgar Thomas pot IiIb holldnys from
tho Union Bnnk, Blairmore, last weok,
nnd is spending tbem at Chinook.
■Mr. Howe, of the 41 Ment Market, Is
boing visited by his son, who enmo up
from Cnlgary Inst wook,
Mrs. Chas, Duiilop, of Colomnn, was
visiting IMrs, ninls on Wednesdny.
Mr. 'McKay left for Glolchon, Altn,,
on Frldny last, whore he assumed his
duties as school principal.
Mr. J. M. Wnggott dolivored IiIb
"Mnrk Twain" locturo In Blalrmoro
Opera House last Friday night, to a
vory poor audience. Tho locturo,
which took over two hours to deliver,
wns n Iltorary treat, as well ns hclng
bubbling over with humor, nnd emmed
n Borlos of laughs from start to fin-
IbIi. If It were to bo put on again ho
would, no doubt, got n larger crowd to
hoar him, As well ns being a good Interpreter of Mnrk Twain, Mr, Waggett
hns as gront n fund of wit and humor
ab tho subject of his 1 ect urn over lind,
Noxt Mondny will *bo n -big dny In
Frank. Tho Iloliumlnn (lyinmiHlIc Society nro arranging'to havo a big pic-
uio somewhere near town, A good program Is being organised, At night n
danco will be glvon ln Bints' Hall,
music to bo supplied by the Bohemian
NOTICE — A Shareholders' Mooting
will bo held on Frldny, Hept, nth, nt
7 p.m. In the Minors' Hnll adjoining
store.   Frank Co-operative Co., Ltd.
felt sympathy to the husband and
three motherless children in their sad
The friends of Mr. Robert Oakes
and William his brother will be glad
to learn that they set sail on Thursday
the 19th for the land of the golden
plenty (white' B. C, sure).
With deep regret we learn of the
death of J. Graham, in Coleman, who
is well known to many here, especially
in football circles. His death necessitated the postponement of the match
between Michel and Coleman, in tho
first round-of the cup tie which was
to have taken place on the 24th.
\Mrs. Allis, of Lethbridge, paid a
visit to her.parents, Mr. and 'Mrs. F. Gullet, and left again Saturday evening
for her home. She also took her brother with her for the benefit of his
health as he has been suffering with
acute rheumatism for a long time.
"The Rooster" paid Michel a flying
visit on pay week and flew away
away again. Staying in Michel, Bill?
Quoth "Tlie Rooster": Never more.*
On Thursday evening a dance was
held in the Opera House. Almond's orchestra, which is so well known and
well liked, rendered some excellent
music and Mr. A. Newton was.M. C,
wliich duties he carried out to the satisfaction of all. The dance broke up
at midnight after an enjoyable evening had been spent
The friends of Mr. Robert Hamson
will be glad to know that he Intends
to leave the Old Country in October
next for the golden west. Michel, of
Also the friends of Mrs. and Mr. A.
Williams will be glad to know that
they have arrived safely in the Old
Brothers J. Newman and Sammy
Lee, who lefOhere a short time ago,
are among the fold again. No place
like Michel, says John, He is now
swinging the pick as" of yore iu N'o, 3
The schools of New and Old Michel
have" been "renovated before the restart was made on the 25th. The
academy of oil painting must have
overlooked the abilities of our local
brush artist, Jess Mansfield. The
high class of work he has done is a
-The Methodist Church held their annual picnic and sports on the 20th. The
donating committee travelled to the
Prairie, where the sports were held,
in Doctor Weldon's motor car, which
he drove to the delight of the-occupants, although to us it seemed the
first motor ride for some of the ladies,
disappeared before they reached the
grounds, and comments were very favorable to the doctor for the way he
handled the car. Following the car
was Trites-AVood's* and P. Burns'
wagons laden with delighted children
and some good things for them. The
events were racing and skipping for
adults fold children, and the distribution of prizes, refreshments, oranges,
candy, etc.' it was delightful to see the
way In which the different committees
carried out thoir work. iMrs. Cockram
won first prize'in the married ladies'
race and Miss L. Evans won the young
ladles' race. The home Journey,
which occurred without mishap, started at dusk. Everyone had a good
time bocauso tne weather man was
vory generous on this occasion.
Mr. G. Beddlngton left, Michel to attend tho funeral of the Into Mr. J.
Graham on behalf of Michel football
club, also sovoral of our cltUens loft
for Coloman to pay their last trlbuto
to their deceased friend.
Tho Elk Valley nna Michel Agricultural Association are well on thoir
way In completing nrrnngomoiits for
tlieir show, which Is to take place
on 'Mlchol Prnlrlo on September tho
22nd. Buck up nnd lot us have the exhibit list as soon as posslblo, and Is
Corbin fruit lands included In this
In the now town drug storo there
ia n curd displayed offering a flvo dol-
lur fishing rod for tho hoavlpst speckled trout for tho month of August, The
heaviest fish weighed In yet In one
pound ton ounces, cnughl by Mr. J.
MiiHon. Whnt's the mutter with yon,
Cnrpy? Vou nro vory silent, This hns
placed tlie duke ou hli> muLtlu. (llooil
for yon, Duko, never miy die.)
We hnvo tho hnblt now In Michel,
through our new energetic secretary.
He has succeeded in getting every
n\an into the union and to wear a button, which is the symbol of intelligence.    (Good for you, boys.)
There is a new seam of coal being
uncovered here and we expect developments now at any time, as the older seams are giving the management
some trouble. The new mine is already known as Back o", Church (Lancashire?   No, Michel.)
The contract miners and other mem-'
bora would do well to attend their
meetings a littlo better so that they
would get next to what is doing, Retribution follows now very quickly
for loading rock, as some of you are
aware, and the company Is not particular on what is rock and what is coal.
Who ls the Individual who took home
a sample of so-called rock and returned to the local superintendent a fair
sample of coke (as it should he) made
in an ordinary cookstove and illuminated his home for about two hours by
the gas given off by the same piece of
rock, done in an ordinary clay pipe?
That's going some. Get next, you
union men.
Tlie coal company must be congratulated for their generosity towards
their tipple-slaves by stopping overtime.  'Not much doing now.
The coal company is preparing to
handle a heavy output of coal from
the jig-brow mine No. 8,side, which
will start operations very shortly.
A sad accident occurred in No. 3
(Continued on page fc-ur)
—We carry exclusive agency—
Made of P & V Leather
Big Bargains in Shoes for July
We cany a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        r:        Frank, Alta.
"The Store the People Own"
You   Want More Every Day
Thorn's  only   ono  way   to mako sine  of
gettingrmore of thoso thing's
CO-OPERATE to get them
get Into the
The Biggest that's ever Happened
in Blairmore
nut*.* ti> 'itttu'ttvi.,   ,\uU j '«•«<" fc.»uuu *>t* *■**> iii*itUi*i* Hircuil) liifli-
1   "  ■" ''Mfiflfii 'nnrt have "nltto r-wjuri'h'*)   .lie
OwIjir to ft protest being lodff-fld 'by
lloimor ro tlio match of Inst Saturday
the tfeml-fliMl iio ailv«rtl»fid—-Coal
Crook v. Uollovue—will not tako plnco
on Saturday.
1-wjioii Uemiott, Tom ,Mol«ellftnd and
James Cunnlnnhnm blew Into enmp
from Montana on Saturday last. Say
Dlx. you look none the worae for your
little trip.
Wi those ilp»lrin(t to join the Loyal
Order of Moo«© mint df» so liftoff.
Tui'Bilay, a^itoiiibor 2nd, $m the char-
t«»r (.'lowid on that datp. Vive, dollar*
Wort' rlostnff, |25 after.
Th« renldcnt* of Morrlasey cottaRoi
had a JitUe iwrc on Sunday nJfiht,
when an old l,*n latiRht fir* from
riu«M unknown, tiiit, the drynott ot
lenttun to connldPr tho conduct ot tho
fllioctntora, some of whom lost tliolr
IioikU do fur hr to Invade the field und
deliberately kick some of tho Hosmer
lilayors. The following phrano Ib be-
wig t»xt«iiis>v.rty rnjioined: "Uow hath
tho mlRhty fnllw." ,
Tho U. 'M. \Y\ of A. acorn* to be making progrem on tho Island. Let's hope
Ihe Jlnnle Pot agreement la tho: fore-
runner of h complete victory. The sit-
nlitlon li being followed with Intcrent
mom eutii'iBi.tniic timciincM ot the
noipr3f.>uy 3la- ^'a31 cai), iflur.ii'il t/u
Mondny from it -successful fishing ex*
podltlon to the North Pork, havlnu
miccoeded In capturlnn sovoral specimens of tho finny tribe. Tho Benlal
doctor Is not at all •pnthuslastlc rt**
jiiirdl/iK tho hospitality displayed by
somo of the landed gently In lie vicinity of the North Pork, It would
appear from tho foreeful remarks of
the aggrieved doctor that one of the
festive proprietors of the lCft ncrwl
estates,   with    which,  the   locality
•^  4fkf  ^pc  ^»  ^f-h  ^  ^  ^   *^   -fa   <$■»   <$»'   <($-*■
♦ '  ♦'
*- "By Plato" ♦
by. the unionists of Hosmer nurt th« Is-j abounds, strenuously oWeclcd to on-
land boys have our best wishes for n tertalnlnR one of his dubious appear-
auccciwful uudluj; af iluili' sU'iinnl** u>
get recognition of the organization.
Pr, Nay is endeavoring to make Hosmer hospiuU ns up to da|e an institution aa possible and during the we«k
ho installed one of the latest X rar
tkiuo on » t»mall section of rlwr bnnk
for sufficient length of time to permit
Mr«. Ilayhut ami Mrs. Turner l«ft
Michel Saturday 1-Htli for thc Old
Country, Tliolr ninny friends Ravo
thorn a hearty send-off and we nil Join
In wlshlnu them a hon voyage. <Tom
says no "tatlt»s" In Jackets for him).
Mr. T. Haybiu has taken ■ up shot*
llKhtlriK In ,»lK-brow tnlnn (Lnncn-
shirt*'?   Nn«Mlrb»')t,
It Is with preat regret thnt the clti
the surrounding buifi soon  nudf a j machines,
of the eookifiR of a recently awn'ilr^l ] sens of Midi.*! 5mnW of Hit* death of
fish for the Imnlirbl* pnriHW of as- Mrs. I llnthtntt, who was residing at
suagtnn ihe pangs of hunger which ss- |«v»Jeman. having resided In'Michel for
ttllw! hit ar.fttomy, ana <nr hw# n»s j tnir.y j<■•«.•■ :ir..l wade a fco*t of friends
(forced to abdicate and ]t*nntfy tt* n I ond fh*»r "•"■-" tml all pit*-* rhefr heart-.
Values Lost Sight of
Prices Smashed to Fragments
Values Beyond your Greatest Expectations
REMEMBER!   It's the R M. THOMPSON CO., that reduces
the high cost of living. Visit the store and sec how  much
for how little we can do for our patrons.
Phone 25
Victoria St.
Blairmore, Alta. •;.*!:: :■ 'A
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be  leased   for  a.   term   of   twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre,
tot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasea
to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which tb« rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-dlvi-
elons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. ' A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tlie
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mlntnff
rights are not beliijf operateJ. such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
Tho lease will include the coal mtsing
rights only, but tlie lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
•surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent ot Dominion Lands.
W. "W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the interior.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid fnr.
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's Drug Store)
Phone" 121
Hours:  8.30, to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:   Eckstein  Building,
Fernie. B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals that taste like
*mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
How the West Virginia
Miners Beat Coal Barons
Official of United Mine Workers and
Socialist Attorney Draw ..Thrilling
Picture of the Historic Strike That
Stirred All America and Resulted in
Victory for the Embattled Toilers of
Cabin and Paint Creeks.
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
Watch the date of the expiration ol
your aubscripUon which li printed on
the t»m« UU; tonUtulr.a your act-
By   Paul   J.   Paulsen   and   Harold   W.
Houston, in the Kanawha Citizen
Tbe Wesl Virginia miners have furnished oue of the most memorable
struggles in the history of the battles
between capital and labor. The eb.sh
between the coal operators' and the
miners of Paint and Cabin Creeks wa?
hear-d, 'round the world. Lined up
with the operators was the power of
the State government, the press and
the vast army of minions who always
fatten on the wealth wrung from the
Against, tins apparently invisible
army, backed by the militia and the
courts, the miners fought a winning
battle. They emerge with many a
trophy, and tbe flag of liberry—the
flag of unionism—for the first time in
many a long year flies from the tipples of Cabin Creek—America's Little
Russia. The story of this struggle is
vibrant with human interest, and contains many a lesson for the hosts of
labor as they march on to ultimate
economic emancipation. For this reason we give below a short resume of
the most salient features of this heroic effort to win West Virginia for unionism.
Paint and Cabin Creeks are two
mountain streams running south
from the Kanawha River, in the eastern part of Kanawha County, and are
separated' only by a ridge of lofty
timbered hills. On these two creeks
are located a great number of mines,
employing between six and seven
thousand miners. A majority of these
miners are'native Americans, many of
them having been reared here in the
mountains, and they possess an innate
love of liberty that illbrooks fhe slavery attempted to be forced upon them
by tlie coal barons of this State.
Previous to April i, 1012, Paint
Creek was partly organized. Tn view
of the fact tliat the contract under
which the miners and operators were
then working would expire on April 1,
1912, a joint conference was held in
the City of Charleston during the
month of March of tliat year for the
purpose, if possible, of negotiating a
new contract. In this conference the
miners demanded an increase. They
demanded an increase of 5**-,£ per cent.,
that being what is known as,the Cleve-
corded to all the miners throughout
all the organized . sections of the
Kanawha Operators Refuse
The Kanawha operators—the operators along the Kanawha River
proper—refused the. Increase called
for by the Cleveland demand, but
finally agreed to pay one-half of the
Cleveland scale. Tho Paint Creek
Collieries Company, the principal operator on Paint Creek, after numerous conferences, flatly refused to
grant any increase whatever. The increase demanded by tlie miners of
Paint Creek would have approximated
iy3-t:ent. per ton, Tho rerusnl of thia
small increase Is what, in reality, precipitated tiie now famous strike of
tlio Wost Virginia miners,
The Paint Creek Collieries Company
operates eleven or twelve mines on
Paint Creek, and employs about 2,500
'minors, Hut. n very small por cent, of
these were members of tho United
Mine Workors lit tlio time this controversy arose. During the latter half
of April the strike cnll wiih issued, and
Iho minors, both union and nonunion,
promptly responded to the en 11. The
iiiIiioh were nil closed, even those operating on the head of the creek and
who woro not involved in the original
controversy, and immediately tho op>
orators commenced the importation of
tliolr army of private guards.
Those guards, many of whom woro
ox-fonvli'ts and thugs, woro furnished
principally hy h detoctlvo agency,
known as tho llaldwin-Feltfl Agency,
with hGiiilquiirtorii at llo'anoko, Vn.,
and a branch offlco at Illiieflold, \V,
Va. TliOHO wero furnished tho operators In uny number desired, and wuru
paid approximately $70 per month,
Since those "guards" must play such
nn Important rolo In MibHrunMuit
ovontB, II becomes Important to explain the purpoHus of their employ,
War Upon Union Begins
With tho fiillurn or tho oporutorH
to concodo the   Hinnll   liicroimn   do-
mnndod by the milium, tho war upon
the union of thu miner* eoiiiimmcod,
Tho oporutorH knew that thoy nnmt
ctuhIi ovory ntloinpt of tlio miners to
join n   union.    To Uo thin thoy din.
trlbii^oil tlioHe nrmoil nil-Win nil iiIojik
the trcuk with order*, to drive ovory
agitator from thc field,   lii addition
thoy oroftod hiuiiII fortH, ono of which,
armored with railroad Iron nnd holler
pinto, Htlll frowim from tlio mountain
side ut Mucklow,  Thoro wns scarcely
a day but chronicled home luslnoiiB dammit, mndn upon tb-p mlwrH or Homo
I member of  tliolr  frtmlllas by tlicso
i .iruiitj  fcuiiuiuii.    (j.ij   iUuir da>   tliu
: strike went do««t>flly on, but on tho
! part o? tho minor* thorn was llttlo at
I tlmt militant spirit thnt ntnnipn rt sun.
jecRRflll stniKRlo,
■      *HlH    tn     Ittnn    unmnlliliic    'i'i i,>.r.i,..*l
I Tliitt BomethliiK wan thn sllout advent
of Mother JonoH, From that day new
life w<tH Infunfid Into the mine™. The
spirit of the Imttln now roue over the
mountain!* and filtered down on tlio
unorganized xlavoH of Tallin Crook.
For Ifnitr yfirn thev Imt) bef-n without
tho aomblitiH'tt of organization, nnd
vtiTt* tlioroforo »t tlio * im-rev nf tin*
<'0,\H-\i'i\ifh'-v, oporntors iA tli;it nm-*
tion. Thoy know that tito (lulu of thn
Paint rrcok minors •*,-.*, tlu-lr fi-Rht
aluo. Hut uo wgani/.or could i-vcr
ponotntte Cabin f'treU without taking
liis Yilit in hte hands, Aiu- cu-.-k nas
thfi'irnA hy mur>l<T-.*t; ,v;;;.p!.;. IUwj
a harrowing talo can lie told of this
murderous work of these human
ghouls. Their cry was heard by
Mother Jones, and she determined to
go to their relief.
Mother Jones Scales the Walls
One evening in late July, when
darkness was settling down on these
mountains, two men could be seen
boarding a train at Charleston with
small packages under their arms.
Tliey went to Cabin Creek Junction,
and, after narrowly escaping death at
the hands of company guards, got
tlieir packages safely aboard the Cabin Creek train. The silent winds of
the night carried to the doprs of the
miners' cabins little handbills calling
for a monster mass meeting at lOsk-
dale, to be addressed by Mother Jones.
The Impossible had happened. Mother
Jones, the terror of the slave drivers,
had scaled the impregnable wall of
"Little Russia."
The call of unionism reverberated
throughout the valley. The miners
and their families, men, women and
little children, trooped in a vast army
to hear the inspiring words of tlieir
old leader. From that hour on the
operators had a fight on their hands,
and subsequent history has taught
them that it was both a losing and a
costly one. From end to end of Cabin
Creek there was a complete tleup of
all the mines reaching even to Coal
River, in an adjoining county. What
was transpiring on Paint Creek was
now, duplicated on Cabin Creek. Here,
too, came trooping the private army
of hired thugs and 'gunmen. Here, too,
wero duplicated the brutality and lawlessness that was flaming to the world
a hideous picture or the coal, barons
as the most lawless and anarchial of
all criminals.
,   Now Come the  Strikebreakers
Now came° the strike-breakers, a
motley, crow of the offscourings of the-
great cities. They wero piloted into
tne district by the guards, after having
been virtually kidnapped by the most
shameless lies and misrepresentations
of the emissaries of the operators.
Many of them had never seen a co:*.l
mine, and didn't know a coal ;.nck
from a toothpick. Their attempt to
mine coal was ludicrous, had it, not
been for the tragedy t5ack of their
lives. Like the miners;' tliey, too, were
the victims of the industrial mastsrs
of the State.
Failing to break the ranks '.nd
spirit of the miners .by use of strikebreakers and armed thugs, the operators felt that, something' had to bc
done. Finally, they hit upon the
5cMme__of -using_ihe_State_ gpyern:.
ment. Employers are not slow in recognizing the services of government,
What are governments for these days
but to help employers wring wealth
from the workers? That i's tlieir history. And the operators knew their
business. They went to the-Statehouse
at Charleston and invoked the majesty
of executive power, They called for
the mllltia-khaki kids, and the kids
came. The strlko section was flooded
with militiamen, with inflated upstarts, dangling sabers at their head,
From the very beginning of tlie
strike the miners had mad-fr all honorable efrort to effect a settlement. At
first they proposed a board of arbitin-
tion, to bo composed of two miners
and two representatives of the operators, they to choose a fifth man, But
froni tho vory first the operators doggedly refused to even moot, the minors'
representatives, saying that thoy had
absolutely nothing to arbitrate.
Glasscock Appoints Commission
( Finally, after nuniberloss efforts ib
obtain a conference with the operators, and after several attempts of llov-
emor Glasscock to got. the operators
to arbitrate, tlio Govornor appointed
nn inventlgntion committee of his own
choosing. Tho commltteo took considerable ovldonco, and made personal
visits to tha strike zone, and mndo n
roport to the Governor, Though the
commltteo, having no representative
of tho working cIiibb In ltu makeup,
and Iheroforo biased In behalf of the
operatorB, mndo a roport deeply Implicating tlio stubborn operators In
the charge of oppression tind oxtor-
tion, the operalora still refused to f.r-
bltrnto or moot tho minors, The min-
wu had uo rights that tlio opuratui'K
worn bound to respect,
ThlB Industrial drnmn wns partially
staged In tho City of Charleston,
twenty miles nwny, Thoro Ib the
hondtjuartorH of the conl ollnreliy of
Wont Virginia, It. Is thoro thnt the
operators live In tho most palatini of
homos, built, out or the blood and
toni'K of couiUIchh minors, Mother
•TonoH enmo to ChnrloBton to nddross
a mounter iiiubh meeting of minors and
othor workers. Thnt mooting made
history. It wns held lu front of Die
coiirthoiiBo, and though thero Is n
(front, open space In front, ■■tho'moot•
lug filled ovory available space. The
mooting ovorflowod out Into tho
streets. Windows and houHotops woro
loaded with mon, women nnd children
RtrnlnliiR to catch tho words of Mothor
Jones, Sho told of tho wrongs bolng
honped on tho miners, tho mon who
wnrn prnrliiot-nf' t\m wonlth thnt -mndo
th» mntorlnl prosporlty of tho State
nnd nation, These peoplo had nov^r
heard that «tory before, and It thrilled
them with thc conviction that thtt
cniiKi! of the miner wns n holy one,
Bosiei Dominated the Press
, ■       . i>  , •« i*. *
.k   »i.».*,»*,*.^wi,   w,   \j*,..,..    ... . i. ,,,;ie,■*    .** **.. .i'*.*
hold In.Charleston, nil with Uio object
of acquainting tho peoplo with Uie
minors' side of tho controversy. The
operator* then domlnuUid* tho dally
prosn. Thoso papers exploited tho qp-
■orators* sido by the most notorious
Mi's. V.hdvj: Incl'lctif of tho ^tratfut,.
was torUtr^d Into something prejudicial to thO miner*. Wvory nflsnim mnA'.
on tho mlnttrs by tin- guards was .*w>-
verted into an assault by the miners.
This harlot press spread their false
false representations broadcast. The
representative of the press association was a government lick-spittle, occupying an office In the military headquarters free of charge.' In his absence
a militia officer took his place. The
San Francisco Bulletin sent a reporter
across the continent to find'out why
the truth could not reach the public.
Mrs. Older, the reporter for the Bulletin, told why in Collier's Magazine.
The only paper at that time voicing
the cause of the miners was the Labor
Argus, a weekly paper published at
Charleston. From the first it had
been hurling broadsides at the operators and their hired guards. Its circulation was limited, but it did great
work ,i"or tlie miners.
So these meetings were held to
reach the public, It must know the
truth. An infamous cause cannot long
withstand adverse public opinion. To
know the true character of the operators was to condemn them. Mother
Jones brought the children of -.tho
miners to Charleston and marched
them along her crowded streets. They
were fine looking children, but they,
too, bore marks of the struggle. They
were living indictments of the coal
barons. Their. clothes were tattered
because their fathers had, been robbed
by the operators. Their cheeks were
pale and hollow because bread had
been, taken from their mouths by the
heartless oligarchy of greed that was
devouring tlieir young lives. This little, army of God's innocents told ihe
story of the miners' wrongs and sufferings in thunder tones.
Mother Jones on Capitol's Steps
Then' came the meeting of Mother
Jones onvthe Capitol steps. With a
delegation of miners and their families she invaded the Statehouse
grounds and spoke from the steps. It
was a monster demonstration. The
officials and the Capitol attaches came
out to hear her. Governor Glasscock
mustered up enough courage to leave
the seclusion of his office to listen to
the speaker. But a few words was,
enough for him. Mother Jones, in
her characteristic manner, piloried
the Governor for the infamous part he
was taking in the effort to drive the
miners back to the mines. This meeting, too, made history. „
By this time the State was beginning to be aroused. From all parts of
the State came a demand for a settlement of the strike. Business, religious and civic bodies were calling
on the Governor to stop the industrial
Shilohb Gun
ouiemr «toi*»* couohb. cvtttn com*.
MC/lt THT. tt.K:«T *>.'0 (UNCI. VtCLHtO
war~tha"rwas"pilIng~a"loa"d~orf~tfie tax-T
payers. So the Governor, called a
meeting of representative organizations to meet at Charleston to discuss
some method of settlement. The meeting was held. Immediately upon its
convening the operators started to
make a "rough house." They wanted
to exclude all representatives of the
miners. So the meeting, after a stormy
session of a couple of hours, broke up
in a row,
Thon the citizens or the State took
the initiative and called a meeting
themselves,' It was held In the Houso
of Delegates of the Capitol, It was a
monster gathering of, citizens from all
parts of the State. Among tlio speak-
ers wero President John P. Whito and
Vice President Frank J. Hayes, of the
United Mine Workers of America.
They spoke for tho great organization
of mlnorB. They told of its aims nud
objects, and or the'sunshine that It
had brought to tho humblo homos of
tho toilers. It was nn inspiring story,
It. drovo home to tlio hearts of tho
miners the lesson that liberty can
come only through unionism. Singly
they nro helpless. United they are
Invincible. Shouldor to shoulder they
cnn win a world.,
Militiamen Become Special Thugs
In early October martini ln\v was
declared off, and most of tho militiamen were withdrawn. A number of
thorn, howovor, with the consent of
tho Governor, enlisted In tho service
of tho mining companies ns "mino
gunrds," thus openly giving to the
operators tho same sorvlco thnt hnd
boon performed covertly undor cover
of thoir khaki uniforms, As thn wages
of thoso "mino guards" woro paid by
the operators, the operators directed
thorn In tho work they were to perform. Tho Governor clnlmod thnt ho
would do nwny with tho "Ilnldwln
thugs," formerly employed by the up-
orators, but thoy remained, novortho.
less, nnd carried on their nefarious
work lu conjunction with the formor
mombors of the Htnto mllltln.
Tho work of exterminating agitators
nnd heating up organizers nnd ropro-
HontiUlvos of tho United Mine Work,
ers of America wont merrily on. Howovor, tho spirit early displayed by the
miners In this memorable content
could not bo dampened, nnd with
ovory new outrngo Inflicted upon them
thero came renewed determination to
win nt nil cost.
About this tlmo, or. to sponk moro
accurately-;* about November 1, tho
mines at Dorothy, employing about
'.illl     lil CO,     BlfclKU   (Ml   tl-SIWlllCIlt    WUU
their iMJij^t>yf*ri; tm ,:i Xmh liial was
iiiitlsfnctory. and "operations were Immediately resumed.
Threo weeks inter tho mines at Eek«
dale, on Cnbln Crook, made a similar
sottlomon*. nnd nhortlv thorpnfter the
mines at Crown Hill, Chnlynn, Conl.
burg, iho Lewis mines nt Cabin Creek
.linnetion nnd othor smaller operators
mndo llko nottloments, nnd tho men
went to work, tlttt nil this while Iho
Paint Crook Collieries Company und
tho Cabin Crook Consolidated Coal
Company, tho* lnrgent companies In
the soctlon, with nlmost Untitles* re-
mjiirooi* buck of them, fought on with
« brutal dotormlnatlon to dost-roy tho
lam vcKiigi- of unionism in tittxl wc-
Hon. Thoy aro dominated by mon
who aro absolutely unAernpnlon* and
briii-a! hi u.,;r method*, arid who bt-
Iforo rrui- ,! ■■.,i*iwl- ha'! no rich" '''■1f
they arc bosuid to respect.
During the early part of the strike
the miners made- every possible ef
fort to secure tke protection that the
law guaranteed them;'They appointed
a number of delegations at different
times to call upon the Governor for
the purpose of laying their grievances
before him. They fold the Governor
how'' their homes were being Invaded,
their families assaulted and insulted,
and how life was made almost unbearable by the company thugs. Governor
Glasscock, a political child of' the
Davis-Elkins oligarchy, listened to the
story of these outrages,' but each time
sent the petitioners^away vithout
hope of relief. ,
Failing here, they appealed to the
Prosecuting Attorney and Sheriff of
Kanawha County, whose duty it was
under the law to protect citizens from
molestation at the hands of these lawless thugs, but they, too, were political
hirelings of the operators, and they
refused to do anything. At last, nl;
most despairing of gaining legal protection, they petitioned the Circuit
Court of Kanawha County, presided
over by the notorious Sam Burdette,
for an injunction against the companies maintaining their private army
of thugs and marauders.
The miners learned here what they
always learn, that the courts are on
the side of wealth. They learned that
laws are mado for the benefit of those
who have money. They had often
heard of injunctions being granted
against workingmen, so they thought
they would try an injunction against
the coal barons. But the court summarily kicked them out of the "temple of justice" without granting their
prayer for an injunction. Seeing that
they were denied legal protection for
their families and their homes, they
had but one resort left. They must
protect' themselves. They had to rely
upon- the law of self-protection.
Strikers Take Up Arms
Therefore many of them armed
themselves with rifles and determined
to put an end to the barbarous treatment of themselves and their families.
The clashes that followed between
the thugs and miners occasioned a
second declaration of "martial law."
This happened abojit November 15.
Just here began one of the greatest
crimes ever inflicted on a free people.
The operators, using the State government, had the .Governor create
what has become known as a "military commission." It was composed
of five members of the militia, and a
judge advocate as prosecutor. The
Governor .declared that this "court"
was to take the place of tiie civil
courts of the county, though the latter were peacefully trying cases
twenty miles away at the capitol of
'the State and the seat of the county
The Governor went further—he declared all civil law abrogated and
made au entirely new code of law in
its place. He declared that any person might be sent to the penitentiary
■for~tfie—smallest offens**5 Tliis In^"
famous military' commission, composed of ignorant political understrappers, "set1 to work railroading
miners to  the  penitentiary.    It soon
New Zealand
Mines Coal and Lowers Its Cost to the
(Judson King in the Cincinnati Post)
For the past ten years the New
Zealand government has successfully
operated two state-owned coal mines.-
Ih addition to supplying its own needs
it has sold coal directly to the people
in competition with a coal trust.
This is exactly what the Poindexter
Alaskan coal bill proposes that Uncle
Sam shall do for the people of the
United States. The conditions in both
cases are so strikingly similar that ft
is worth while telling you the New
Zealand story.
The nation of New- Zealand consists
of three large islands, covering a distance, from north to south, of about
1,000 miles. Up to 1903 coal production was wholly in private hands.
Prices were kept up to the level of
coal imported -from Australia, 1,300
miles away.
People Take a Hand
Presently prolonged strikes in the
Australian mines threatened a shortage from that source, and the New
Zealand combine prepared to charge
famine prices and reap a harvest. But
the enterprising gentlemen managing
tliis business deal quickly found that
they, had a people and a people's government to reckon with. "•
The' people of New Zealand reasoned the situation out ■ about like
The coal ring proposes, to rob us.
We have abundant coal. It is our
coal. We own and operate railroads;
why not coal mines?  ■
So they told their government to
get into the coal business and do it
The government did act quickly.
The Parliament passon a law authorizing two state coal mines. Incidentally the coal barons were given to
understand if they attempted to pull
off tlieir deal before the state mines
could be gotten' into- operation,.the
government, acting under the right of
had about sixteen men in the penitentiary serving terms verylng from hvo
to five years.
The people were slow to awaken to
this unheard of proceeding. The attorneys for the mlnorsy H, W. Houston
and A, M. Belcher, at once appealed
to the Supreme Court of Appeals of
West Virginia for a writ of habeas
corpus to Inquire into the legality of
these sentences. The writ was promptly granted, as the law provided It
should be, and the prisoners arraigned. Lengthy arguments were made in
tho bitter legal fight that followed,
and the court, to tho utter amazement
of all'constitutional lawyers, uphold
tho military commission and confirmed tlio infamous sentences, Preparations woro immediately made to take
tho cases to tho Supremo Court of the
Ifnitod Stntos at Washington, and just
whon tlio cases wore ready for presentation tho Govornpr pardoned tho prisoners, thus leaving tho attorneys for
the miners without a case. In tho
meantime this outrage upon tho people of the Stato nnd nation reached
tho public, mid the Congress of Iho
United States begnn to tako notice of
Coal Barono Await Winter's Aid
■Tho conl baroiiB, with tho Stnto
government, tho mllltln and tho courtb
back of them, nnd still failing to bronlt
tho Indomltnbln spirit of the men
who woro fighting for homo nnd fireside, now nwaited tho "Infantry of the
snow and tho cavalry of the wild
blast. Tho winds of winter blto keenly In the mountnlns nnd the operators
thought It would chill tho blood of
theso moiintnlnocrs.
nut thoy know not tho blood tlmt
flows in tho veins of these sturdy
working class warriors. The thugs
and gunmen now commenced driving
tho minors from thoir shacks. Not by
process of law—thnt Is too slow for
Industrial handltB-^-but by nrmod detectives without law. They wont to
tho "homos" of the miners In large
bodies, hon/lly nrmod, and pitched tho
household goods Into tho roads. They
would Interrupt tho families oven nt<
men! times, nnd In mnny caroI'wantonly assaulted tho minors' families,
Tn ono case, th At of Mrs. Bevllln, the
thugs struck hor In the abdomen with
tho butt ond of a rlflo whon sho was
In n delicate condition, causing tho
I'onth f\f \\ttf iintiArrt oliilrt. 'PHo-Hotm
wer« miidft bv wholnsi»,lft. \,iii\t*s villages ot tents sprung up nlong the
rallrond—tho tents bolng furnished by
the miner*' orean|jtatlon.
eminent domain, would probably take
over their mines and relieve distress.
Prices Are Reduced
The ring surrendered, but the government went straight ahead with Its
mines. They opened in 1904,'and, at
first, the entire output was taken by
the railroads and other government
institutions/ Next, retail depots were
opened up In the principal cities, and
coal was sold to the people at around
$7 per ton, where the trust had been
charging from $8 to $13. The private-
companies lowered prices, and the
market remained at this point until
last year.      '     >
Miners  are  paid  the  union  scale. ■
There have been no strikes. The miners live in good houses built by the
stato   and   surrounded   with   ample *
yards for garden patches.
The New Zealand government went
into the coal business not to substitute
state monopoly for private ownership,
but to regulate private monopoly"by
competition. It has succeeded, only
partially. Rapacity has been checked,
but coal is. still high—too high, say '
the people. The state mines have not
reduced prices as much as was expected. Especially is this true of lignite, brown and other coals used by
the working classes.
Transportation is Lacking
The reason for this partial failure
lies in the one word—transportation.
The government does not own its own
colliers, but must depend upon the.
shipping "ring" to carry its- coal to
Right here is where Senator Poin-
dexter's plan overtops New Zealand.
He proposes' that Uncle Sam own and'
operate the railroads and ships necessary to deliver government mined
.Alaska coal direct to'-'the docks of
American ports.
After a twenty-year fight for municipal ownership of water works tho
city of Des Moines, Iowa, secured on
July 29 the right to buy the plant of
the local water- company.- The price
will be S2.302.522,"
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
We Avill furnish your house from cellar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phone or
Wire.     All   orders  given   prompt attention,
If you are satisfied tell others.
J f not satisfied tell .us
(To bo concluded)
You win And relief In Zam-Buk 1
H eatei the burning, slinging
pain, stops bleeding and brings
eats. PencveranctswilhZim-
Buk, meim euro; Why not provo
Ml 7 Mt Drvpet»ttti*4 fitertfc-
» ok. ***u~ -wUf \A\crv uoMfv,
$1.00 in Cash for Six
To every Child (boy or girl) who
secures us Six paid-up Subscribers
during the month of August we will
pay the sum of $1.00
This competition closes on Sept.
1st, and all subscriptions should be
In by that date.   '
To tlio first child to hoik! in 0 paid-up aubscrip*
tions wo will supplomont the dollar bill with
A Handsome Nickel Watch
He want tiie "gi-owu«ujj".tu piny im, md il
liiey must butt-iu to help tho youngsters.
Now, get a'hiutle on"And round up'subscribers
1 >■
-we "want  em
"Writo very plainly nnd address all your communications to
"The Editor"
District Ledger
You can get as many Subscribers as you
llko and earn alt tha Dollar Bills you can "•"o^'V*"^^
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liciuor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt, attention
Nowhere In the Pais oar be
found  In  lUoh a display of
We have the best nrioney
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eqo«. Klsh, "'.mperaior Hams
and Bacon" l.ard, Sausages,
Welners and Bauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 58
Michigan Operators
Won't Arbitrate
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Beer .
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay E»
The   copper   barons   of   Michigan  will not be. satisfied untii their dp-
made answer to the message of Gov-. mands are granted.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
ernor Ferris, in,which message, the
governor meekly requested the copper
kings to select a committee to meet
with a like committee from the representatives of the strikers. The answer
of the mine operators was a tissue of
falsehoods, and Executive Board Member Guy Mille* made the following reply to the august and purse-proud masters, who scorned to meet in a conference'to arbitrate differences:
"At a later date I may compare the
records of the Mine Operators' Association with that of the Western Federation of Miners.
"When I do it will not -be necessary
for une to bolster up our cause with
such 'falsehoods as disfigured the operators' statement.
"The naked truth will be sufficient
to, win the plaudits of mankind for an
organization that has been instrumental in putting more, eigiit-hour laws on
the statute 'books of states and provinces than all others combined, has
raised wages, improved working conditions, has been tlie voice of the silent
ones who could not tell the story of
their wrongs and whose individual protests were met by a time check in the
hands of employers who were ruthless1
toward human rights.
"The mine operators of Michigan
may eulogize themselves. Xo one
else .will oThe 5,000 mine workers who
have left the district because of wages
and working conditions aud the solid
organization of those who remain
makes sufficient comment.
"The Western Federation of Miners
has done all in its power to alleviate
and improve the "conditions of the
metal mine workers.
"When western miners have asked
for improved conditions the. operator
pointed to Michigan with its low wages and long 'hours.. They have complained of the unfair advantages M ich-
Igan competitors have.
"Michigan operators deluded themselves with the idea that a time check
for men bold enough to express discontent and a judicious-use of 'con'
seasoned' with grape salt tears at Uio
Miners' picnic could take the place of
decent wages and working conditions.
But neither tears nor fine words can
satisfy the workers' demands. The
same-men who are'eulogized at picnics
are 'lined up in .the Federation, and
and appear as we are, and cast out
fear from our souls. Only as we do
this more and more shall we 'hand
down more light and truth to the
women who1 come after.—Ethel Crane
•in Daily Herald, London.
"To say that men who have been
working from ten to thirteen hours a
day do not desire the eight .hour day
enjoyed by other miners is to fly in
the face of common sense.
"To say that miners working on
company account for about ?2.T0 a day
and Wilien on contracts sometimes get
a cipher with the rim knocked off; to
say that such men will not accept a
minimum of ?3 a day, except under the
duress of a mob, does not sound over-
"That is on a par with many other
statements. They wanted these tilings
so bad that not oven the sheltering
arm of the iroops nor the tender car.
esses of Waddell thiiKS are able to seduce them from their allegiance to
the union.
"To say that surface employes,
many of whom onjoy the princely
wage of $1.85 per day, do not desire
and need an increase of 'ioc a day will
not appeal to anyone who knows what
is required to decently support a family.
"The hurried call for troops and the
governor's eager response, the evident
desire of the commanding officers to
put the mines in operation, show the
force against us.
"Men with the instinct of justice
and -fair play vriil condemn the call
for troops, the response to tlie call
and the use that is now being .made of
them—and all for the purpose of saving 'money for .the -mine owners and
not for the preservation of peace.
"To meet representatives of their
employes in conference would 'break
a long record of disregard for the
rights of others, to grant,tlieir mod-
ast demands would give peace to a
community and a small   measure
"The ever memorable and blessed
revolution, which swept a thousand
years of villainy away in one swift tidal wave of blood—one; a settlement or
that hoary debt in the proportion of
half a drop of blood for each hogshead
of it that had been pressed by slow-
torture out of tliat people in the weary
stretch of ten' centuries of wrong and
shame and misery, the like of which
was not to be mated but, in hell. There
were two reigns of terror, if we would
bnt remember it and consider it; the
one wrought murder iu hoi passion,
the other in heartless cold blood; the
one lasted- mere months, the other
lasted a thousand years; the one inflicted death on ten thousand porsons,
the other upon a hundred millions;
but our shudders are all for the horrors of the minor terror, so to speak,
whereas, what is tho horror of swift
death by the axe compared with lifelong death from hunger, cold insult,
cruelty and heartbreak? What is swift
death by lightning compared with
death by slow fire at the stake? A
city cemetery could contain the coffins filled by .tliat brief terror, which
we have all been so diligently taught
to shiver at and mourn over, but all
France could hardly contain the coffins filled by that older and real terror which none of us has been taught
to see in its vastness or pity as it deserves."
" I Grow Hair, I Do
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A- Garlow
Getting a Start Under Socialism
The thing that condemns the capitalist system more than anything else
is the fact that it requires such a hard
struggle to "get a start."   The average
of | farm and equipment at the present
justice'to those who have long been'time,* for example, costs something
denied  consideration. ! like $5,000.   The man working for wag.
"During :the thirty-five years' exist- J eg will have to struggle from five to
ence of the organization in Butte, Mon
tana, twenty of it under the Western
Federation of Miners, during which
time there has been no quarrel between the employe and employer, effectively refutes- some charges that
have been made,
"The men of Butte are the best-paid
men on the continent; the relations
between the -union and the mine operators as satisfactory to both parties as
can 'be found. Why should not Michigan operators emulate the example of
those of Butte?"—Miners' Magazine.
Sesx Hygiene and
ihe Reformers
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First clan Honet. for Sale.
9uyi Horaei on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
By Samuel Orr
The question of the sex relations is
the most vital - question before the
people of the entire world. It outweighs In importance all questions
tlmt have perplexed the Parliament*
of the'world, for upon Its solution depends the extinction or perpetuation
of the .human nice,
Some may think this a jest, but the
gravity of, the situation becomes self
evident upon a cuveful study of this
question. You have but to go to any
hospital ln the land to see the havoc
wrought upon men, women and innocent 'Children by venearal (Uncases,
Ignorance ln this case Is not bliss,
hut menus untold agony, and 'sometimes death. It Is n fact that most
of tho hospitals aro packed with people suffering from venearal diseases.
„Tho social roformers nro now doing
all In tliolr powor to make tho question of aex hygiene public, Tliey even
go to tlio oxtont of trying to have this
subject taught In the public schools of
tho country. In tho Chicago tschools
tnis subject Is now on the curriculum.
The Idea of publicity In thin mutter Is
u coiiiiiioiidiiolo ono. Too long:lina
this soclnl question boen hidden bo
hind tho lo'cltoil (loorot Hypocrisy, Tlio
moru jnoiitlon of thiH ftiibjcct was considered Immoral,
The social rcformem aro greatly
iiilHtnlten, hmvovor, If thoy think thnt
ii proper IoiowIwIh-o of tlio .sexual relations will ollmlnato tlio uncial i'vll.
KnowlfulKn of tlio romilt of n certain
net (Iooh not nlwnyB dotor one from
coiiiiii'ittiiiK tlio act. ll U generally
known thut all poisons aro Killing, yot
thousands of Hiilclilos hiicciiiiiIi to
poisoning yearly In spite of that fn.'t.
It Ih n mul ter of HtutlotlcH that tho
BroiiloM portion of iIioho wIoiihuiI
from  tho   Rlw?  Slug
ijlncere in their efforts,to abolish the
social evil they would all ally them-
'selves -with the Socialist movement
and work for the overthrow of the
capitalist system. The private ownership of tlie socially necessary things
is directly responsible for the social
evil, Give men sufficient wages to be
■able to support a family and the
greatest part of this evil will disappear. This evil, if permitted to continue unabated, will eventually ciiuse
the complete extinction of the human
race. Socialism is the hope of the
twelve years to become the owner of
such a farm. Similar conditions prevail in any line of business. One can't
prepare himself toenter into any business and meet competition short of
starving for years before he can do so.
Even then, because the trusts can command such tremendous capital, it is a
faot that more than 90 per cent, of
those who engage in business in a
small way fail.
' The principal object of establishing
a Co-operative Commonwealth is to
give everybody a start without having
to fight for many years to get It. Now
the wealth that is invested must be
provided. It must be gained in some
way. Under Socialism it will be public—that is, it will be already gained.-
llulcl at 2(1
Kti!i havo it at .Vi
Restored al 30.
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A  XJCli:  Wl,\i HEAI/niV head  of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from Irritation, or a  ba'.d head and a diseased and Irritable scalp covered
Willi scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SC.VMJS ON THK SCALI> or an itchy irritation Is positive proof your hair
and scalp Is In a diseased condition, as scale commonly culled Dandruff,
originates from one of the folIowlngParastlelal Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (.Seborrhea, Sicca,. Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Kxcema)
and certain to result In absolute baldness unless cur-cd betore the germ
lias the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair is absolutely   unnecessary  and   very   unbecoming:
AM. msu.YKKS ok TIIK HAlll fade away like dew under * my scientific
treatment, und I politicly have the only system of treatment so far
known to science that Is positively and' permanently curing diseases
of tlie hair and promoting new growth. The hair can be fully restored
to Its natural thickness and yitality on nil heads ihat still show fino hair
or fuzz to prove tho roots are not dead.
I HAVE A 1M2HKKCT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot como to me for personal treatment CWillTK TO-DAY) for
question blank ond full particulars. Unclose stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 23 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp  Specialist
A "Lodger" adv. is an
Whenever r sec an lOngllshwoninn
■wearing a veil a shudder runs through
nie, 1 cannot help Hanking of ages
of roproualon, hidden suffering, ,pas-
slonuto longings Hint had to be dumb,
all Hy-inhollnod by tlm veil,
It symbolizes harems, find Intellectual death, and the cold, still life of
convontH whore women are, aH Marguerite Andoux says In "Mario fllnlro,"
"women without, faces," Thnt Is the
moaning of the veil—womon who
uiust not look at the huh, at truth, ut
life, nt mon—bul triimiiiol up tliolr
Individuality, and get u blurred Idea
of Iho world and things.
In my toons I once put on n voll,
nnd w(>nt out In It, for oxporlonco.
Tlio memory ooiiios Imolt to mo ns
(YohH i\p. if H  tool;  placo ycalerday.
It wiih it bright Riimmor dny. with
KOft, bluo Hky, and Inxy wiuidarlng
win (In heavy with Kroiit of roHosi and
lioiioymii'ltlfi In thi' country Union, How
Hlrango tho Hky lookoil through a veil,
nnd tho tuftH of groon rimH near my
foot, My ooiiipanlon'B faro hoojiioiI
Htrniigo, too, nnd my own pnrnonullty
PI'Ihoii nro r»»-1 wiih altered.    I could not laugh with
The young man who desires may en
ter upon his life work .wherever he
may be at any time, with the use of
the land if he is a farmer and with the
very best machinery obtainable,
without investing a dollar. And
all that he produces will bp his. He
will not havo as a parent to worry
over leaving something for his children so that they may have some opportunity, *for he will know that this
commonwealth gives them tho investment necessary to afford them that opportunity.
Under private control' of Industry
they who have the means necessary, to
enable them to go In business for
themselves have through that means
the power to exploit others, It Is this
exploitation which keeps others from
being ablo to get a start until they
have finished n struggle of several
years, Socialism, by corroding this
evil of exploitation, will afford this
start In life to overy human bolng
born in tho wm'ld,-—Appeal to Reason.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Gall in and
see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch
oft your bill any item of lumber not
fouud"just as we represented. -Thero
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send--.you hemlock, When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In a
lot ot culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.    P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23,
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
'*t family  rrmedy   for   Ccrclm  unci Coldi
MdUh J03W pi litt>  and dor*  -a much I'
List of Locals District 18
Sec. and P. O. Addrois
liirnml for having committed further j tho namo. freedom, nml felt hIiiiI. off
offmiH.'H, Their knowledgo of the In-1 from mimntliliig.
toloniblo condltiuiiri exlwtlng In Iho | When I reached home I look off
IU'Ihoii iloert not deter tlmm from tin1 \ tlio voll, and vowed novor to weur It
ooniinlHwIoif of new crime,**.. X inner- j ,-iKiilii, though no fnee Hhould hu
ouK IlliiHtrntlauH 01111 l»« glvon nil-owing 1 netted with \\tIiiUI"h and my uyett ub
that l< Howled ko iIooh nut act iih 11 do-1 dull iim thone of -i dead omlfiwli.
torrent, I    It Ih hotter to look nt thin.** with
The  nmoIjiI   rofortnorn full   to   tnke 1 uncovered oyen, and to bo friends un-
Alabaitlna It cully applied.    All
you need to help
you ii cold water
and a flat  bruih.
Alabaitlna   walls
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful  It will
wall like lulio-
mine. Became
it iia cement, it
wlllhatdenwith 1
HB*> become
nnrt of tha wall |
for many
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ,.   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,025,000
Reserve and Undlvld- Total Assets      72,000,000
ed Profits         8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROOT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
. Arrowhead   Cranbrook, Fernie, Gold en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,.,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of depot.1.
 i.   ■»« u*f#i IV), I Mil Mil: ilil 1 .Alia,
.'.,,'. ,1. l,oni,'h'ni.iii, .Heaver Prei-li, i-hi Tiuiht-.i f\Hi>.
, .Tflinon "llurko, llox '.50, Ilollovuo, Altn.
.,,.. ,W. L KvanB. PjisBburg, Tlta,
,i.*.,T. G. Hurries, Passbiirg, Altn.
 I.-Mitchell, Cnrbondnlo, Colomnn, Alt
 ,V. D. Thachuk, Cnnmoro, Altn. a.
 .1. Johnstone, Coleman, Altn,
,.,.,,J, Jonas'. Corbin, II. C.
......Jn*. I [onto, Chinook, via Diamond City, Altn.
..... J. K. Thornlilll, Diamond City. I.ethbrldpk
...... Thou. Uphill. Fornlo, 11. €,
.,,.* Hv»n .Morgan. Fruiik, Altn.
Hosmor............ 1, \V. Ilahlcrutuno, Hosmor, 11. C
HJlk.ru>! Ia«, tiarioii. llilicroHt, Alta.
LethbridS©............!.. 'Moore, 17:11 Hlnth Avonuo, N, l,cMtliri«!i?.\
LvUtlsUU-,1! Com*nit*M*..*Atiiik HiirriiiKhwn. iimlniirsi. Alia.
^.''..Mapta i.i'iii.1 T. (i. Harriot, I'niuljurR, Alta.
2XU   Mielu'l M. Hurroll. Mlchol, 11. C.
H   Monarch Mines Wm, llyml, Klonn I*. O,, Tabor, Altn.
Vi'*i   CnsaburK T. *i. Harries, I'aasbtira, Alta.
tSi-l'i   Hnynl Vlow (ica. Jordan, Royal C«UI*mV#, Ijp'bVrM,"'. All*.
102   Tntwr A. 1'attPMon. Tabor. Alta.
,*t4lttt,H,9t*t, ......
IV-nver 'Crocli',"..
.Canmore ,
Chinook Minos,,
Diamond CUty...
into eruiHiileniUon nnmo vory Important fnrts. Thny IiwikIiio thnt this ovll
hns Brown tn meli ulwuitle iiropoi'-
Mnnn liewniNo of iKiionimw^ Thoy do
not. realize thnt oc-onotnlc oondiUoiiH
itrt*   flliW'tM'   rrt-.'Unnel'tln   ''"'   Hit*   *,',.
I niMHloiifl inoroiiHo In prouMtutlon tho | Milo tlmm'tn >iml*o' ntiov-fnoo AnhV
reservedly witli tin* nun and tho wind,
Hot tor In ho frank, ami froo, timl unafraid, than to y,f\ Hhtit'ii|i nml nor\-
oiirt   of   *!l'e 11 ml   nil   II.   IhiIiIm.     II. Ih
bettor to  ho iin:i.<h;imo|l of old  np.o
 1. 1.1      ,1 .«
.»< **.   mi   H)
world ovor. llm vnrlouH whltoulnvo
liiv*'Btlr«iUou* Imve proven thia be-
ytitul ihtf shadow of « doubt,
Thoro   nro   tlioiiMtida  upon   thou-
wtnilH of uum who hnvo renehod nn
'•""   »■'    :y:xAA   ,".!■. A X I... ,:,,■
ulred, hut on account of thoir Insuf*
An Alabaitlna wall can    ,
ha re-coated without ramov-
Ina llie old coat.     AUbaitine
walli are the limit sanitary. They
ara hy genie, No imect nr dlteasa |
prm can live in an Alnhmllne wall,
Alabaitlna one room, and you'll
want  them  all   Alabaitinrd,
^. V     * •*    ■*- * -    %■» V-    w A »*• *   »    %* ft V *
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued hy Tliu Canadian Hank of Commerce, are h sale, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting sm.-ill ttiim.s of money.    These Order*,
pnynhle without charge nt nny hnnlc in Ciwifida (except in the Yukon
Territory) nnd in the principal cities of the United States, nre issued at
tho following1 rates:
$5 nnd under    ti centa
Over    5 nnd not pxcredlnu $JO    (1     ••
■ ■ •«   10    ••      '   "        no io   "
•«     30      " " 50 15     "
■hould ba mail, by maana of our BPJiClAL FORKIQN  DRAFTS anrf MONKY
ORDPIRS.    laanad without A*\tv at rM«nn»M-» «»•»«
t,  A,  «,  OACK,   Manager. *FFf»M!P  nnAN-T.H
fniror,   I would lmvo my fnoo uno-ov.l
erod to go down to tho gnivo ovon,
nut timA old !te.it!i without u vol!.     j    Dwplnandlatui.howyoubMi,.
Ihe voll moaiiH four und Uolunlon. j    tifulaamplvol Alabaitlna work.
■In tlu* EnPt tho womon Htlll go about i^
inniln Mvcrnl   fighti nmilnftt It,   -Tho!1 mat Oltm.lua
I flclont onrnltiKs thoy nt;« forced to rwlKnKlMiwotwui  who wonr* a  voll I* '»,*Ut ui ahow how ta »«t briutiful
' — • '■■       ' Alabaitlna Stancili abaolutely lr«»,
Willi tham you tan ae-
eompliih iny d*iirad
color aehemr-youean
mnVt, yntir Imma
tUnfmitiS   at   a
mod* rule coM.
mnln fltnglo. Thousands upon thou- pronorvliig thu old nplrlt ngaltint which
minds nf womon who havo rejtchod! them! womon an!' btrlvin, whothor »ho
j tho nRT<H of from UO and ovor -inuat' know** It or ■!« unontinrloiiH tit It. It in
I remain Hiriirlo hpcntiRrt lh«> n»ot\ oun-jthn pHyrlioIodeal offort of tho veil
1 not nffr>rd to m.irrv. fforo vein flftl t.1:n i., ?|„> fi-ii—»- i\.,r i\\.\ ',[■,•,•,«,»«-iit
. .i Hlatft of affair* whoro mon and wo-,'.el! lisolf,
•.nun. able and  wllllmr to m-irrv. an-      ri.-irhnif   i<r<,i:'.-   ,'n   /■,** .   ,,'   »,,...
i form! to ronv.iln   nin-clo   lior.nit.o   of jti.ml ■■■, ilirtii(;)ii  -!..i:  fiion Ul,t-d "dim-
}<roiirun1r conditions.    I« It any won*, i r-yoil,   fihort-sl*xhi'd    crMturon,    Mho
]«!or. ihi-n, ti..if prortltution it. on tbo   fr.c.»l.-l   .-"*' im r.'juli*. ,,f tiodra."   Tho I
[ Inoroa-c?   Tlio ooonomlc p'rluolpto of j volt   iiiau-rii! and njiirltiirtl, mutt Ii" j
iHitpply and domftnd rntrmt to bo worl-:- j tonnod uway wiih tho old cloihea that i
.Notice ik lier»b,.   i;i',   •/  i, i! ,i In\!dind ,r  ib>   r.iV- t.f
Fevi'li p •! oi nt, i" p.o.i j,. r nuirii 'ipi it iho p'i! I ii,» -t"n"pltitl
j    If tlm iiir-tnl ri-*fnrm*n w,*r<*
iftro ltd hiitSt
p"ilfy   mu::t team '.
..-an and docont,    \SV»
'   ttitutu .*.» iWy (1r.-,
Hardware - Fuiniluro
A,,,,,, ,, • ,
ftlldlllr'   t!l<
.iliA ... . h
Sopto m'jt t'
from !',
Tnroiiiii, .11<>
n,tm  a i» ii 11   i *   ,," 'i
i A'iku^'. I'm;..   •.   ili.ii
,   . ii,,.,. ,.  i  ,
■ ',    (!»(.',.      'Uie    T> i' -l<-i
•   <x ;'.!m \.i,-. •   s >
It. t.i..
i|i"   I   l' •    moil' *i '
,   'j,<    « i.'lle   '» til   bo   tli*}*-
*, >,,.   , m ,.i oi    -ilium ty,
ItnilK**     Vlll   lo'    «lo-tvl
'   '• !'. •'.»   - !•   'll-hr
M.o Mii.tid.
.I^.'.li-,.^   '•( \M»\
t 4 * i r y • s' *   .  *■
{ '** \■■•■ IA
***■* ''*; '-C7." '
Ladies' $1.00 Silk Hose 75c.
Black, white and tan Pure Thread Silk Hose, made with silk,lisle
toe and heel and garter top. They have all the new reinforcements to
ensure service.   Week end special per pair 75c
Ladies' Silk. Lisle and Cotton Vests
They are plain, ribbed and sleeveless, made of the finest combed
yarns and very elastic. ■ Worth 35c to 50c.   Week end special ... 25c
Ladies' Cloth Skirts
An opportunity to purchase a good serviceable navy or black Skirt;
made in the new style, at about half price.   These are new Skirts made
in new fall styles at a special price.   Week end special each $3.00
■$5.00 SPECIAL
Ladies' and Misses' Wash Suits, Muslin Dresses and Fancy Silk
Poulard Dresses in white and colors. All are made in this season's
latest styles and are the very thing for the holiday. Worth from $7.50
to $10.00 each.   Holiday special  $5.00
Children's Pinafores or Akrons
50c TO $1.25
Tlie very thing for school wear for the little people. They are made
full of the best quality of English Prints and Ginghams in neat designs; all sizes from 4 to 10 years.   Prices from'..,.. 50c to $1.50 each
Kiddies Sox - 3 Pairs for 25c.
Extra quality of Sox made, with spliced heel and toe in black, tan,
white, pink, sky and fancy. There are mostly all sizes from 4 to 7 in
the lot, wgrth 20c per pair.   Week end spical 3 pairs,for 25c
Infants Rompers 50c each
Rompers well made of good Chambroy Gingham, all fast colors and
- well sewn.   Week end special  ' each 50c
New lines of Pine Pure Wool Tweed Suits, beautifully tailored,
guaranteed by the maker and ourselves to give, perfect satisfaction;
will be sold on Saturday at ; $15,00
For bushmeii, cruisers, river
divers and miners. See our shoe
window for display of these shoes.
Notice the heavy- soles are all
hand pegged.and nailed. It pays
,to buy the best.
Boys  School Suits
Boys' School Suits made from very strong Pure Wool Tweeds, made
especially for the school boy, strong double knees, double seat and!
double elbows.' In brown, grey and mixed tweeds; also heavy blue
serges.   Sizes 24 to 33, with plain or. bloomer Trousers,'.   Priced special for Saturday selling at°$4.00, $5.00, $6:00 and up to $12.50 each.
See our special window display in Clothing Department.
Grocery Bargains
Gilt Edge Shoe Black per bottle .20
Two in One Shoe Black 3 tins ■ .25
Large Brooms, regular 65c  .50
Patterson's Camp Coffee ;'. 2'bottles ".35
Reindeer Coffee and Milk ; per tin .30
Blue Ribbon Coffee .... 1 lb. tin .40
Lowney's Cocoa, ^ lb. tin 2 for .45
Lowney's Cream Chocolates per lb. .35
Robertson's Chocolates . „■ '. per lb, box 40
Canada First Catsup  pt. bottles .20
Imperial Extract 16 oz.' .60:
^Gooseberries, 2 lb. tins 2 for .35
Sultana Raisins : \ : 4 pal ' .30
Holbrook's Kippered Herring in Sauce   2 for .35
Kiug Oscar Sardines >..... 2 for .25'
Red Sockeye Salmon "....'. 2 tins .45
Walker's Grape Juice  .'" fA qtsl .50
Chiver's Jam 5 lb. pails .70
Tuxedo Jelly Powder 4 for .25
Dalton's Lemonade .;  2 for .25
Armour's7Shield Hams  per. lb. .26 ;
Canada -First Marmalade 5 lb. tins .70
Red. Cross Sour Mixed Pickles  18 oz. .25
Black Knight Stove Polish . A. A.  per tin .10
Heinz Beans, medium size ,  2 for .35
Van Camp's Beans, small 2 for .25
Siam Rice f 4 lbs. .25
Swift's White Laundry Soap ...;.;,...:•.."... •:.... 6 for .25 '■
Nugget Tar Soap ., 6 for. ..25
Toilet Soap, regular 35c and 40e  '  .25
Aylmer Celery Relish .'..' .per bottle .20
Lyle's English Syrup '. : ,.'.'.. 2 lb. tin .20
Tetley's Brown Sunflower Tea ., ;. •. 3 lb. tin .75
Honey and Almond Cream, regular 50c  .40
Beecham Pills, regular 25c .. ..^ ,..*.'.... ,.;....... .20
Enos Fruit Salts '.  .75
Health Saline ..": .* ."  .50
Holbrook's Health Salts  ^. , 2 for .25
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
William Graham, Vice President of
District 18, was In town Thursday of
this week.
The Bank of Hamilton are taking
out all their fixtures and counters and
shipping same to Winnipeg.   ,.
Tho representative of Australian
Government Irrigated Lands will bo at
the King Edward next Wednesday to
discuss the Government scheme with
any Interested In sumo.
Pernio will meet Cranbrook in the
lacrosse game at the City park on
Archio Farquarson is building a
nifty brick office building next to the
Calgary Meat Market Block.
The Ladles' Aid of tho Methodist
Church will hold their monthly tea at
tho home of Mrs. J. Hamilton on Tuesday, September the 2ndi from 3 until 0
Tho Hchool3 wero unable to nccom-
modnto the woo kiddies owing to tho
none arrival of furniture and as u consequence moBt of the younger scholars
will bo unable to Btart until Tuesday,
September 2nd, by which dato it Is
hoped to havo thoir room furnlsliod.
Bimanual. SorrI, who has boon detained in the pity Jail undor medical observation, and pending Investigation,
was removed to tho Now Westminster
AnVliim on Thursday. In connection
with thin caso sovoral commontH and
remarks havo beon mado regarding
tho advisability ot keeping mentally
deficient prisoners In tlio City Ml,
but upon Inquiries wo find that this Is
a mattor for which thn pollco aro in
no wlsn to blanift. Tho prisoner's par-
onts, who roBldo In Franco, hnd to bo
communicated with, which foot ne-
counted for ti portion of "tho dolny,
while, according to tho rorm which
Iiiih ■ to bo ..filled In boforo a patient
can bn admitted to nn Institution for
tho Insnno, or liOHpltnli ono month's
detention under observation' wiih no-
cossnry on tlio part of tho City Police,
Williams, sontoncod to 2 years by
Judgo Forln on Wednesday, wnn convoyed to Now Westminster Penitentiary on Thursday morning.
Tom Michel, of ItBosvill, was charged with being drunk and disorderly
and given 8 months last Thursday.
The City park gates will be locked
on Saturday night to keep tho track In
condition for tho flat events of Labor
There will be a Ladles' Horao-raco
In tho, park on Monday, prlzo for
which will bo announcdcl on tho sports
Do not forgot tho dnnco to bo given
In Victoria Hall*on Monday ovonlng,
noxt by tho Ladles' Guild. Slg.'Zc
card's Orchestra will be in nttondanco,
thus assuring good music.
YoBlerday afternoon an Italian, ,1,
Gulsoppo, slipped while trying to
plnco mi ■ ore car on tho track at Kendall shttff, of tho NIplBalng. The heavy
car foil on him, crushing him and ho
died this morning,
A qulot wedding was solomntoed at
tho Baptist Church on WodnoBilny
morning, when Donnld MnoKonzlo and
MIsb BobbIo Ilunnnblo woro united In
holy mntrlmony, Tho happy couplo
loft pn tho morning train for a tour of
tho Const cities,
Dick Unn arrived buck from Scotland this week, wlioro ho has boon to
consult, a. specialist. It refloots somo
croiilt upon the moillcal practitioners
of this town that tho spoclnllHt Bhould
toll Dick ho could not lmvo rocolvoil
hotter treatment than ho hnd ln Pernio.' " ■»■ 'A-
Fernie    Homes
- * Jim.  %9JNii«LJr   /
In West Fernie  $ 300.00 Cash
M* A. Kastncr
Fernie,        -         -         «         B.C.
Pernio, B. C„ August the 27th, 1913.
To   Secretaries,   C. N. P.  Football
'Kindly take notice that a special
meeting of tho above league will bo
held in Michel on Saturday next, the
30th to consider protest by Hosmer
against'Coal Creek ro match played on
Saturday last.
Owing to tho above protest and also
to the fact that by mutual arrangement tho Mlchol-Coleman Match which
has beon arranged to bo played on
Saturday noxt, tho matches which
should havo -boon played ln connection
with tho Mutz Cup on Saturday will bo
postponed nnd tho dato doeldod at tho
above referred to mooting.
Yours truly,
MoBsrs, Tritos-Wood will give a
splondld travelling bag valuo f50,00
to tho G, *N. P. Football Longuo. Tho
disposition of this prlzo will bo decided upon at, tho mooting of the Longuo
on Saturday noxt, All cups nnd trophies will bo on display in Trites-
Wood'B window during next week.,,
style of boxing, and there is not tho
slightest doubt that the spectators
will witness one of the best exhibitions
that has evtfr been staged under the
auspices of the Athletic Association,
while tho fact that Jack Lowo is arranging details should be sufficient
guarantee. A very good preliminary
will be put on with Plola and McCor-
made as contestants. Failing tho latter, Plola will box with Dan Dunlap, of
Frank. Prices range from $2.00, with
general admission $1.50,
Bollovuo ,*,
<Oon4 Crook
Colomnn ,,
IllllcroBt ,'.
'Michel ..,.
HoBmor ,,,
Fornlo ,,,,
-D ForAgst. P
1 10
The mntchoH botwoon Fornlo nnd
Ilillcroflt, nnd Conl Crook nnd Blnlr-
moro 2nd Aug, woro not plnyod, nlso
Fornlo v, Hosmer 10th Aug.    ,
Tho Longuo Committee, on Snturday
noxt nt n special mooting In Mlchol,
will decide tlio final deposition of
points owing to nonfiilfllmotit of tlio
above clubs' matches.
i m* promoters ol tho above content
which lulwH i>liiw ul 5.30 iuu, ou Labor Day, in tho Fornlo Tltnk, have rocolved tho following wlro from Billy
Weeks, who wnB mntohod ngnlnst
Mnrshnirin a 1/5 round contost on
Lnbor Dny:
" Vancouver, B.C, Aug, 27, 1013
"J. P. Lowoji enro Athleticj Assocln-
tion, Fornlo, B.O.
"WeokB not nblo'to box; will Bond
Cyclono Scott! snmo torms; wlro If
TJiq substitute, Cyclono Scott, although, not known particularly well in
tht* town, hns earned a reputation ns
a hard, clonn fighter nt Cnlgary, Edmonton and tho Coast, and tlio promoters boliovo Mint tlifs will ho ono of
tho best iboutfl ever wltnoimod In
F-Mnlf!, Both men are very evonly
mnifhfii and adopt much i\if tnmf
An unfortunate Incident occurred In
tho .City Jail last Tuesday night when
Thos. Sullivan, an old-tlmor In those
parts, passed away before medical assistance could bo rendorod, . Sullivan was nrrested by Constable Amberman on Tuesday morning nt 7,3p,
at tho roar of ono of tho city liotols,
tho worse for drink. Ho was removed to the jail, and later In the day
brought .before Magistrate Whimstor
nnd chnrged with vagrancy, A sen"
tonco of 10 *dnys wns imposed. Sullivan was bnthod nnd given a change
of clothing, together with several blnn-
kcts, Although naturally slinky from
tho effects of liquor ho mndo no com-
plaint to tho City Police, but did ro-
mnrk that ho felt bettor. Ho was put
to bod nnd nothing unusual was noticed, nor wna nny complaint irocolvod
from prlBonor. About 8,20 Constable
Wood nnd Inspector AdnniB of tho 0.
P. It, pollco,'whlto In tho corridor,
hoard a pocullnr gnsplng nolso nnd
ono of tho prisoners (tho cook) who
enjoys n llttlo moro liberty thnn tho
other prisoners, romnrkod thnt tho
prisoner Sulllvnn wns not woll. Constnblo Wood Immodlntoly tinlookod tho
coll nnd Invostlgntod, but It wns soon
that the man wns expiring, Medlonl
assistance wns summoned nnd upon
nrrlvnl pronounced Hfo oxtlnct, Tho
coroner whb notlfod nnd nftor vlow-
Ing tho corpse gnve permission for Its
romovnl to tho undortnklng parlors,
Tho Inquest whb hold on Wednesday
morning nnd the following vordfot wns
returned, >
"Wa jour jury, euiiwiiiioieii to an-
quire Into tho death of tho deceased,
Thomns Sulllvnn, find tho dciensml
died In No, 4 Coll In tho Oity'Jnll,
Fornlo, on August 20th ahout 0 p.m,,
from tbo offootn of «i fit V,oti£M f-i
by excessive* nnd continuous alcohol."
Tliat was a significant atotomont
mndo on Snturdny by a mino operator
durlnff a dlficiiwiton of th« nottlMnnnt
of tbo Inst of tho remaining -dltfloul*
tloa botwoon tho minora and opomt-
ora on CnWn Crflek; and in irtilch ttio
qitostlon enmo up a* to whoro -wan
■most llkoly to bo the next »cono of tho
activities of Uio United Mino Worker*'
orgnnlsatlon, which Uio oporator In
qtioBllon responded: "It doesn't make
nny iMtturcrifd. where they centre their
guns, they will win, because everybody in tho country is falling over
himself to join a union."
That is a candid, manly admission
from ono ho was on tho losing sido in
tho protracted struggle which has Just
boon brought to such an amicable termination, largely due to tho perseverance, patience and regard for the
rights of all persona connected with
the controversy, which was uniformly,
manifested by tho officials of tho Unit.'
ed M*ino workors, despite the fact tliat
the outlook from their standpoint wns
at times extremely -discouraging,
That thoy will bo equally as ouocess-
'ful In organizing thnt portion of tho
State which Is yet unorganized mny bo
tnkon for granted. In fnot thero in ovory reason to bellevo that thoy will bo
mioro quickly -successful, slnco In tho
othor fields tihoy will have no atriko
to contend with, whilo at thp awno
timo thoy now have the gunrantoe of
tho law and-tho assurance that it will
bo enforced', guaranteeing thorn
a*»ain»t molcfltntlon in tho pursuit of
tAioir work of organisation.
Wo .boliovo thut it will bo found that
tho ngreemont ontorod Into in this
flold will (havo imarkod beneficial influ-
onco on nil lines of ibualnose, whilo at
tho Bamo tlmo it will bring about a
hotter fooling than has over heretofore
oxtBto-d botwoon the operators nnd tho
minors, and that illko rosults will follow tho organisation of tho othor dis-
trlot-9.—Knnawlia Oltlzon,
•The enso Itox vs, Harper wns dis-
nilBBed liy tlio Judge Inst Wednesday.
.Williams, who wns up boforo tho
Judge on a chnrgo of obtaining possession of a valuable soottrlty by falsi)
protonces, was sentenced to two yjnrs
nt Now Wostmlnstor,
A mnn named Donno, who wna
chnrged with obtaining money by
fnlsn protoncoB by monnn of n cheque
on tho Homo Bnnk for $7.00, wns son-
tc'ttppd to one bcnUi. It to undci'slwil
thnt othor chnrt?n« nrn llkoly tn ini1
preferred on his rolenflo,
iOAPB OIUSNEZ, Franco, Aug, 20.—
Jaboz Wolfe, an English long-dlslanco
swimmer, loft tho Fronoh coaBt near
ihiB headland nt D o'clock this morning In an nttompt to BWlm across tho
English chnrinol.
COnALT, Ont, August 25.—Within
tho past twenty-four hours tho^mtnon
of the Cobalt enmp hnvo claimed
threo victims. Early this morning
Wm. Brlgden nnd a foreigner named
Lahoo wero instantly killed while
stopping on a lower luvol of tho Con-
togas; It Is bolloved a premature explosion of dynamite caused their
A most deserving-caso has been
brought to our notico) namely, thnt of
Brother Amnns Las'sallo, who has
been a member of the U. M. W. of A,
for somo 10 or 12 years, but is now
unablo to work owing to a chronic
disease of tho throat. Brother Las-
sallo was Injured while working for
tho City during tho strike and since
thon has not beon ablo to follow any
employment. About 18 months ago ho
went on n visit to tho bid Country
with a vlow to recuperating his health,
but was called homo on account of the
serious Illness of his wlfo, who died
within two weeks of his return. Thoro
la a family of four young children, the
oldest 12 years, nnd tho youngest 2.
It ls tho intention of ono or two kind
frlonds <o nrrnngo a benefit for this
brother who hns not only been unnblo
to work, but hns received no support
from any organization, It, Is sincerely
hoped that air who can will asstot ln
this moat "laudable objoct. Next wook
wo will announce whnt form tho bono,
fit will tnko.
Government Irrigated Land Settlement
Moan Summer 73 fh; monn Winter
01 fli (nbovozoro); growB everything
from oranges to onions! butter produced Inst year $15,000,000 j alfalfa, B nnd
0 crops; fruitgrowers market assured
by rovorso Boason, Tho visiting Government dolognto, M, J, W, Arthur
Kelly, dlroet from tho lands tho Government Is selling, mny bo seen by
thoso Interested nt King Edward Hotol, Fernlo, aftor midday Wodnosday
Soptombor the 3rd,
Special Government Landseokors
Excursion from Vancouvor to Melbourne, Niagara, Novomber tho 20th,
F. fT, A, Frloko, Government Representative 087 Mnrkot St., Ban Francis-
co, Cal,
Manager Mlllor, of this Theatre, lins
produced his weekly bulletin program
and wo must ndmlt that it Is comploto
enough to satisfy the most captions
{•i* ,4*1 ft      Tf    ^0*tfn'»»',«    ^n ' -Mf M    'tfm ri    »n #   M* •■■>
V . ■*«.(.,      * 19    •»v«**il*wltt-M.w    tVM-*"*i S-i    **<•*-».*    V*»    «***.'-
Junglo, historical dramas nnd nautio.il
dramas with tho usual 101 Bison num-
bora; sconlcs and comedies, In fact,
thoro Is ovory sort and kind of film
to satisfy ovoryono, Thero win bo a
dally chango of pictures and oach day
two or throo foaturo films will bo
shown. Tho management has socurod
tho ornltiflvfl rlsrhts for Fernlo of tho
Universal Film Mfg, Co., whoso collection contain! tho best feature films
over produced, The feature for this
weok end will be a .1 reel railroad
drama entltlod "Tho Two Engine Drivers." There will bo the usual number
of comedlea, ucenlcu and draiuau.
Fernie 1 N$ht Only
Sat, in
Aug. Jl)
Largest Colored Show on Earth
40  PEOPLE   40
8   DANCERS   8
Colored Ladies'
Big Free Parade
on streets at 3 p.m.


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