BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Nov 1, 1913

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0308933.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0308933.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308933-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308933-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308933-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308933-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308933-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308933-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0308933-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0308933.ris

Full Text

Array *.,-! -    -   .-4141,^,. [...  )
>  -^,*I4'.'.'  , .    ,
: 1- , ■    - ''      '-*-'-'■> ~. ''. •   .
Industrial Unity ii Strength.
*.*■'..
• *
SAVE TH
HEADINGS1
THIS RAPE*
nf
The Official. Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
No, 10, Vol. ra
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C„ NOVEMBER 1, 1913.
$1.00 A YEAR
Council Force Collection from Mineworkers
Council Pulls
~"' ■ - ' "    '        , ' ' ,■•■',      x,   .
the Old Sjtunt
On Voters' List
(Some fourteen or sixteen days agocusation of indifference ■ is question-
the City.issued the following notice aWe.
:/•
.with, regard to Bylaw No. 60:
The Corporation of the City of Fernie
■ TJnder.,the (provisions of the "Muni-
;• ciipal Act'' and amendments there to
"   and by wirtue of Bylaw number 60 of
the.City of Fernie, .being a bylaw to
■ regulate', the imposing and collection of
'   Road Tax) you'are hereby notified that
• the sum of Two Dollars ($2.00), being
; Roau. Tax for the current year, is now
' ' .duo and must -be"-paid forthwith.- ,
, Failure -to comply .with, this request
twill- render, you ^liable to prosecution
for,..infringement.of ithe above bylaw,
-* the '.penalty for •which is a fine not exceeding the sum.of $100.00 and costs
of ■such prosecution.
Dated at Ferale, B. 0., ' 191
.      - Collector.
A member, of the City police iwas
also appoints to collect this tax frt>m
all. single men.   It should be remem-
,  bared that absolutely nothing prevent-
'■' ed.the Council-Collecting this amount
through the various employers, and in
. Kthe.'caso ot Messrs.; Trites-Wood,  P.
';/Burns and Co. this was accomplished.
But the men who paid this .were enti-
'' tied to register on ;the voters', list.
•Now, when It is impossible for, those
'jtho pay to1 get on the list, the Council bave decided, so we are informed,
- to collect off the coal company. Of
course the Council -have their excuses
'" -and tne are ready to .admit that the
• tax payers have; had notice—or notice
has, foe-en poked, thorn,* BUT THS
STRANGEST, PART OF ALL IS
THAT ' THE    COUNCIL    SHOULD
." jJPQBCE^j!EAXATION_J8PEN.a_THEY.
_ KNOW  THE PAYEE- CANN0T OBTAIN REPRESENTATION.. There is
.  * not a shado/w of doubt that the Council
r      could;-have-secured, this-money out of
, last'months pay.. The claim that they
did riot understand the form of pro-
ceedure in." collecting from the com.
p'any. -'.ls . 'certainly * strange. -■ -. ,The
. *.,™ •'Uflual*4n<«thod f'ot^rooriiBtt^tion: -has
been'found' so1"favorable in tho ptaet
that the Council' could not to! rain from
adapting tlie same course this year.' "
The stunt pulled -ott by the City la
pretty iweM' mooe-growo, ibut evidently
too good,to let ollphyand they,are to
be congratulated upon their, astute-
nees and knowledge of the apathy ot
the .-vforkers/- But have they -pulled it
once"too often?
In fMrneee to the Council ,we will
•state tbat they1 do not intend .to collect from (married men or household**-1
era, but the benevolence is tempered
by the.(toot that'll the latter do not
pay the tax the'yi will not get on Uie
list So the average man should be
able to judge for himself of this civic
benevolence,
"GETTING ON THE LI8T"
It Suae often <been remarked that
tho working class oro Indifferent and
apathetic with regard to obtaining and
exercising the municipal' franchise,
but tf -moat of them have (the experience of the writer then we, are Inclin-
od to excuse their apathy .while the ac-
. Having paid the $2.00 required by
the Oouncil to qualify for the franchise, we ventured' ,to Interview ithe
gentlemen appointed by .them before'
whom it' is' necessary to "declare"
previous to getting on the list. However, this individual was absent, and
it was suggested that "we try Mr.
Whimster,. the loca* magistrate, who,
■provided] ihe was not busy, would' receive our declaration." Stepping
across to the magistrate's room, we
enquired'politely if we mdght'trespass!
oh - ihis valuable' time. We. certainly
dtd not underestimate the value of
this estimable dispenser of justice's
time, who informed';us that- "Mr.
Rasa would attend to us." The fact
that .the Hatter was absent ,was explained1, but to no avail. "The time of
the magistrate and those to whom
be .was dispensing justice"'(who happened at the time to be from the segregated district)'"brooked no delay, although the signing of a declaration is
a matter of. 30 seconds' work. We
•never did understand why the Council
raised the salary of our cadi to $100
per month, "especially seeing. that at
one time he performed, the same duties
for less than $40 per moth. But (having witnessed the "voluminous nature
of the business he gets through and
experienced1!how.valuable his'time is,
we are .'beginning "to, wonder he
does not persuade'the Council that his
services are even" more valuable. Or
would it be.wisdom to call for tenders
on the job?; ' .'    ....
Learning the chief dispenser of jms-
-'Uce-!V.i.thihi3'''Courtf^e7next"tried~MfT
'Moffifct,- but'he,.-.like''the city official
was "mot .•' there."'' .'After ' questioning
several individuals we eventually located Mr. Lyons, .who received our declaration and signed' .the form. To say
that more, ithan 30 seconds iwas occupied in receiving.and"signing declaration would ibe.^nexaggejatlon^and for
-the'viriia^atrateifo"plead -'too busy" Is
iwell—let tt go. ". ,■>-■■'
. How many householders would feel
inclined to travel around town, seeking
the city clerk or a justice of .peace wo
do, not know, but this iwe do know that
few of the workers have time to waste
chasing city, officials, and (ewer still
desire to-be. snubbed by the serene
and mighty city dispenser of fines, etc.
Justice. ,
LONDON POLICE ORGANIZE UNION
They Hope Soon to be Strong Enough
'    to Force Recognition From
Authorities     '    '
LONDON, Oot 28,-rLondon's policemen have become inoculated with the
trades union germ, and a provisional
committee drawn from their ranks is
busy tod-ay enrolling members in what
has been named "the Metropolitan1 Police Trade Union."
Every member.of the force helow
the rank of superintendent is eligible
to membership, and the men are joining in such .numbers that the'organizers! anticipate,that the union will be
strong enough by .Christmas to force
the authorities to' recognize it.
,The metropolitan police force at the
end of 1912 consisted of thirty-three
superintendents, 600 inspectors, 2700
■sergeants, and 17,000 patrolmen, .making a total of over 20,000. This figure
hais been somewhat increased this
year; .., ,
MICHIGAN STRIKE
' Tlie strike In the copper region of
Michigan is still on with full force and
visor. . .' „   '
Defections are very few. * Finland-
ers, Croatiahs and Italians are showing a remarkable solidarity, the majority of the "Eliot heroes" are drawn
from the English speaking miners.
The members of District 6 W. F. of
M.; British Columbia, realizing the importance of, this, struggle, are giving
both jnaterlal.and moral aid to their
striking brethren in-the far East.
J. W. Ben&ett,' who has just return- \*trooper or "deputy," whose word, is
ed from touririg-the Kootenay, Slocan i always taken before that of fhe miner,
and Boundary, states that if all the
other districts do, as well as No. 6 vic-
hero progresses, the outrageous activities of the authorities are adding to
>the disgrace of the State. All the
powers of the courts and military are
against the nvorkers, determined, to^
help the mining companies to crush
tlie workers and their, families still
lower.
Ono, hundred and eighty-nine "ar-
-rests" of striking miners were made
today by the militia. One hundred
and twenty-five were 'Arrested" at
Copper City and Allouez and G4 at
Mohawk. The "arrests" consist of being dragged before the justice by a
toryoinust 'be secured,
189   Strikers   Dragged   Before   Judge
O'Brien for .Violating Injunction ,
Against Picketing
CALUMET, Mich.,' Oct. 27.—As the
strike of the  15,000   copper  miners
The prisoners aro charged with having violated an o^rageoua injunction
against picketing issued ' by Circuit
Judge O'Brien who was compelled, to
issue the restoalnin 2; order„ oy the
State Supreme Court, The latter body
(willingly acceded to the .wishes "of attorneys of tlie mining companies. The
■miners were herded into special cars
and taken before O'Brien.
President's Case in Bellevue
Timbering Question
WAR IS DECLARED BETWEEN
P. & O. CO. AND ITS OFFICER8
x 1 „ ■
LONDON, Oot.^ 28.—Wair has boon
declared 'between the Peninsula, and
Oriental Steamship Company and Its
oJNcera now in. British ports. * The
latter, backed byrthe Imperial Merchant Servloe Guild, yesterday failed
to obtain any) satisfaction from the
company. Twenty-seven, -resigned and
a determined effort will be *miado to
hold the ooanpony'8 outgoing, steam-
ships Irom now on.   .
Peace proposals yestowtaJy fell flat
owing ta> the refusal of tbe company
to delal with the guild, or .to recognize
lt as the legitimate intermediary of
tho officers.
Guards and
Strikers Battle
||       Sevan Guards Are Tafcen by Striken thia morning for tho cool campo at To-
, —Ludlow Camp Strikers Had Been
Led to Believe That the fiuarde
Were Entraining to Attack tho Tent
Colony, and Set About to Defend
Their Home a*,'
TRINIDAD, Colo,, Oot 27,—Strlkow
oaptured •oven guards at Ohicoea
Junction, eight miles north of Trim-
dud. tt .wa* alao roportod that tliey
captured a Colorado and Southern on-
fist,
, For half an hour Wtoy mow ib&n
135 otrtker* battled at a mllo rantfo
■with mmntxl stool carload* ot nvln-A
-guard* who woro traveling over tho
Colorado nod Southern rail way traoke,
ofteoftlbly on their way to Hnetlns*
■mino.
The etrlkero at tho Ludlow camp
bax) been tied to boliovo that tbo
guaivla woro oniliralwlng to attack the
'.toot ootonyy and oooaoauontly. oot
*T«»«»l «•> »J*i.rv«.-a unit* m/MM-io. *i*«w»*
M«rni1«wi iwArft w*t xvunrt *Yt*> tofl-oV, **w
swltaheo woro throwit wtoonowr pow
•iblo, and a number o< otrtkoiw tinned
wHb poworful rifle* ontronchod them-
•oIvm at a point a mllo and a half
tram tho tent colony adjacent to tho
When the train first camo into sight
a mile vtniy tho o-Urlkera bogan tlrln«r.
Tho engineer, otoppod tho train dm-
otiodloAoly and tho guard* returned tho
flro. Aftor half an hour* fighting
-threo mmido aro roportod to haro
iboon olifthtly wounded, tho train wae
TnwVM down thtt tmrldt, nnd tho *fHlr-
era returned to thoir colony,
BBNVBll, 0<A. 29.-nM*ribiHr,ed ln np-
t«wxtantrfy trit hoan, a comawnd of
tho Cilorado Nfttiwial fluarde bttgna
tnovfmr toward* tho nontiiorn Colorado
cool ttoWo today, whoro maiiloi low
mtii bo ootebUahod In eomplkuu* wMh
a twoelain««on. Tho fhwt troop twin
UX Dmwm UvU uwanluif,
TMopheno lYiitm from Sheriff 3.8.
OKabam, «t TrluiA&d, to tho Rovero-
ba»oo, Dorwind, Ha»tlng8 and Doaa-
gun, announcing tbat thoy would at*
tempt to tako tho campo and, If «uo*
ooogful, .would hold them1 aguinot (ho
Stato troop*
Battle This Morning"
TRINIDAD, Col,, Oot. 20.-In ft .bnt-
tlo which is ibollovod to ihavo otartod
nt 15.30 o'clock this morning botwoon
approximately. 1,200 otrlkero and pos*
olbty SOO ailno cuardo in tho mvtm at,
Hoatlnca, Dolagwa, Tobasco and Bor-
wlnd, ono tnlno guiuyl and throo otrlk*
oro ara oold to have boon klllod.
SEA BOSSES RAISE
CRY OVER BILL
When tho now* of tho pawing of tho
'wanton's bill iby tlio Senate on Thursday roachod Now York and tho port*
on tho Great Lakea yesterday morn*
Ing, It .caused wrmt <wti*t*Mntn+l/w.
among tno ooootwlso and. Oroat Lolcoo
l!nc» '«-W-i'li coaljxj 55 itor ot.nl, ui tito
otoamehlp ton.nit.go of tho country.
Honr oerloua (ho monaco of tho M!l
to the bossc» la thoiitflit to(bo may bo
judfiod from a dlopwtoh oont to tho
Amoelntlon of Pamtongor Steamboat
a njomlM>r of tho Oxocutlvo Commit-
too, in which ho said:
"Tho bill as it piused tho flenato
will aboolutoly suppress moot, If not
all, of tho PAetongor Hnoe on the
Oroat Lakoo,"
Newman advised a mooting of tho
ftococtntlon'ti membora in Cleveland as
ooon as poosiblo to mako plain Uio
•VTsriByro" of *h* bill.
The question of timbering by sets at
Bellevue No. 1 seam has resolved itself into a grievance, the particulars
of which I wish to lay before, you.
Briefly stated, the. grievance of the
men is as follows:—    ,
The imeri will have their gross earn-
iings decreased by the acceptamiie of
the terms offered by the Conupany
through Commissioner McNeil, whioh
terms are fl.OO per .set of -thiree (3)
pieces, the. meji claiming that the
pri'ca offered is not'sufficient recom-
ipense for the" time taken to erect these
sets of timber and taking .Into consid*-
.etfatlon also the,-dangerous, nature of
this work.- ,••■'.' ■._
—^Upon-consulting-tihie"~agr^EffimiF*for
Bellevue we find 'under the heading_of
"Breasts' up the Pitch" the following:
"To be driven ten feet by twenty feet,
including timbering, ohute and . air
tight 'brattice, $11.10 per .lineal .yard."
■i 'At the time of making-.the' agreement the method was by setting posts*
not altogether for the,purpose of'sup-'
porUng"tho roof (.which, is a "roof
rock" of some 110 feet in,thickness).
tout merely for the purpose bf carryllng
th air tight brattice (wood) above alluded to. 'c^'
Upon further development of the
mine, however, tbe roof has shown
signs 'of weakening in a few places
and the company .officials have ordered a more systematic method of • tlm-
be-nlng, viz.: by sets, for which the
company have offered a 11.00 per set
as above stated, but no specific price
ls mentioned for sets in the paragraph
of tlie agreement which I have quoted.   ,   ,
Under   the   heading   of   "Breasts
aietoss the Pitch," we find that specific mention is mode of sets oo fol- j
laws: '
"To be run 10 feet by 20 feet Including hauling coal, brattlcing and laying track and timbering, $12.00 per
lineal yard, three piece seta if required, $1.00 por set."
Upon Uie foregoing presumably -tho
company boso tlieir rate of paymen
for wte up the pitch, but as the sen-
tenco relative to sots Is Inserted' after the .price of yardago 1» deteranlnod,
lt is clearly an addition .thereto and
aa tho sentence alluded thereto is not
found in tho paragraph hoodedi
"Breasta up tho Pitch" and further,
no the time taken to erect a Bet in
"Brenato aoroso tho pitch" Ja, oo ovory
mining man knows, not comparable
to tho tlmo taken and attendant dan-
Rera In tlio isamo operation upon a GO
degree pitch (no in tills instnnco I
submit that thlo mattor creates a now
condition and ehouild bo: treated na
HUCll,
Tho ngreemont says "In making
prices for new work the commilttee*
shall be governed by existing prices
in,.the same mine or other mines to.
the neighborhood." -
1 Upon making enquiries at Hillcrest
and Coleman mines, we find that at
these mines sets are erected* at $1.00
each, but'as the pitch of these mines
is only 20 degree®, 6r at any rate less
than 30 degrees, and, asiin many cases
a bench of coal can be, and is^ used
upon -which 'the mien stand ^whilst
erecting high sefcTof timber, the condition obtaining aii these mines cannot
be compared to the conditions obtaining at Bellovue,- ■rthere lt Is not possi-
_t^^jggJaJ3)enchr!liand-w:here-scaf--
folding must be -used in order to erect
tlie sets ordered by (the company's officials, which sets are -to be 14 feet or
16 feet high, also, these sets must be
erected quite a distance from the
•working^face on..aOc6unt of tlie firing
of tshots?' for if sets w^ire too near the
"£a»e" they <woul*i^vl«a%.,be..blawn-
or "Tmocked :out;,&ec*essitelting re-erection for nothing.'        ' ^A "
. In arriving at a suitable price for
these "sets" the following facts should
.be given careful consideration:
1. Owing, to heavy pitch ,'of seam
the 'work cannot be rushed, as a -slip
of either man would bo' disastrous, if
not fatal.
2. Scaffolding must, be erected, as
the height is 14 feet to 16 feet; this
takes up considerable time, as, .In ordinary ' cases, or 'by working, on a
beiuoh of coal, a set can be erected, in
less time thton it will take to erect a
scaffold.
'. Both miners are away from the
faco for a considerable time, thereby
decreasing tihelr earning capacity.
4. Tho company hate offered, and
ovon paid, $2.40 per oot, but tho men
ceased to accept tblo prlco, on account
of Insufficient recompense for time
lost.
C, From statistics compiled it <Smo
taken on the -average two men eight
hours to erect a set, at a coot of $6.60.
4. In No. 51 room, two company
men erected ono boom In eight hours.
7, In No, C2 room th» company men,
refused to erect sots on account of the
heavy pitch, about 60 degrees.
8, In No. 56 room company anon
working In the place alono (tho mini-
era liavlng gono homo) took 16 hours
to oroct two booms.
9, In No. 02 room two company
mon erected one boom and put In six
laffglngo in 10 hours.
Taking into consldoratlou the fact
that tho iralnonB must work undor tho
samo, or possibly loso favorable, conditions os those enumerated 00 above,
also that laggings one foot apart must
be Inserted .between the sets, thus
causing more work, with consequent
loss of time, I submit that the men's
estimate of $6.60 per set is not in any
way exorbitant.
,Youra truly,
,0        J. E. SMITH,     '*-"■/
•President Dist *No! 18    -
United (Mice Workers of America.
Situation at Taber
District Issues Writ for Non-
Payment of Wages
i . Chairman's Finding -
"Matters In dispute' re - price to cover
- three piece sets, in breasts'hp the
pitch, No. 1 mine, Bellevue:
Xn^arciving_at_a_decis!ou—in-this
An Interesting sequel of the efforts
of officials to organize the men iiu and
around Taber comes over the phone
today from Secretary-Treasurer Carter. - *
The men at Block mine, which is
one of some five or six small
si '"jes in and around Taber, decided to
organize, but .when this reached the
ears of the management they informed those men* who had joined' the organization that' they must quit the
union or quit the job.. Most of the
men decided upon ihe latter course,
and as a result were given their time
checks. Upon presentation, however,
it ,was found that the bank roll was
not quite so mighty as the managements indignation and the latter received an unpleasant shock today in
.(he shape of a writ on their pioperty.
*, Previously they -had to deal with a
few workers, 'who were defenceless to
protect their Interests, but now they
no doubt realize that the United Mine
"Workers of America is quite another
proposition. We understand the mine
has been closed down but that there
is sufficient, should the property be
realized, to pay wages
Secretary' Carter and International
Board Member Rees have been down
the 'Pass for a few days looking into a
few bf the cases and next week, unless settlement de promptly made,
there will ..be more writs to follow.
The Superior and Eureka mines
have .been thoroughly organized and
the officers intend, within .the next
few^ays to visit Rock Springs and organize the workers "in that camp. This
will complete the organization of Ta-,
ber district. " .. .-,,,-'
NEW  ZEALAND STRIKE
IS   BECOMING   SERIOUS—    ^
MORE   POLICE   NEEDED
LONDON, O^TT-.-Repom *o
hand from -New Sealed indicate that
tho shipping strike is assuming serious proportions. *,-»««
Efforts at settlements between em-
Pjoy^e suid employers' bave proved
abortive and, all ships, except for the
eonvejiance of passengers are now
idle Cargo to and from Wellington
s being .refused and free labor has.
-been temporarily abandoned owing to
the inadequacy  of poliee p^^^
which enables the strikers to buret
through the barricades and msii
wharves where steamers are lying and
enforce the cessation of work.
LLOYD GEORGE SAYS BRITAIN
SHOULDN'T LET MEN GO TO
"WILDS OF CANADA"
LONDON, Oct. 27.—Uoyd George, in
the heart of oratory at Swindon yesterday,' let slip a remark which probably he himself regrets today, when he
said: 'We think dt is a stupid thing
to allow tens of thousands of robust
worfcmem to !go to the wilds of Canada
when you have got so much land ia
this country which would be worth the
state's whiffle to bring under cuMvnr
tion:"
Lloyd George's friends say his eymr
'pathetic personlai attitude towards ea-'L
nadlan statesmen like Borden, Laurier
and J-WBride, who, only a fortnight
ago, were his guests here, should1 nvr
ffiove^any^Canadiaa— noUon-thairh-ff
matter I have carefully considered the
written statements of the case as presented by Mr. W. P. McNeil on behalf
of the. coal company, and Mr/'J. E.
Smith on .behalf of the miners. In taking ,up this case-the mode, of proced-.
ure Is. clearly laid down in that part
bf the existing agre.emenjt under„.c»p-
*tf6n..of 'New Work,* viz'.:.'' \""~" ■ : ■'
"'In making the prices for new
work the committee Bhall be governed
by existing prices In the same mine or
other mines in the neighborhood.'
"Upon making Investigation of prices paid for similar work in 'breast up
tho pitch' ln the surrounding mines, I
find that the following clause applies
to practically all cases for this class
of work: 'Rooms—timbers, maximum
to be 10 inches In diameter at butt and
16 feet In length, |1.00 per set. If required to set timbers of larger dimensions to be paid for in .proportion, or
set by the company.'
"It has .been contended that a price
should be set for this timbering, based
upon the length o'f time taken to per-
form this work, also tho pitch of tho
scams to be taken Into consideration,
but as this committee must be governed by existing prices in the same
mine, or other mines In tho neighbor'
hood, and' as nix attempt to mako a
sliding scnlo ot prlcos according to
tho various inclinations of tho coal
seams now being operated would tend
to disrupt the entire existing agreement, I would docldo that tho following clauso be applied as covering this
case: 'In breastB up to tho pitch,
whero roof conditions roquiro tho timbering to be three piece gets with lagging, maximum sizo of tlmbor 10 inch'
es nt butt and 18 feet In length, this
timbering to bo paid for at $1,00 por
sot. If required to sot timbers ot larger dimensions, to be paid for In proportion or not by tho company.
"RoBpoctfully fiiibmltted,
"J. O. HANNAH.
"I concur,
"W. P. McNEILL,
"CommlBslonor WoBtorn Coal
REFUSE TO, RECOGNIZE  UNION
Shoe Workers in Quebec Likely to Go
on Strike—Twenty. Factories
Involved  "*,
".-QUEBEC,'Octr.27.'—The shoe manufacturers of Quebec (refuse .to recognize aAy longer-the national unions of
local shoemakers. This is-the result
of' a long conference held by that
/branch of the Canadian .manufacturers
laat week and their decision has now
reached the working men, who are as*-
tounded by the unexpected blow. The
situation of the shoe industry is thus
acute in old Quebec and lt may not
take a long time before a general
otrlke occurs. This ls anticipated by
the employers and will result In the
closing of some 20 shops.
pished to belittle Canada as a home
for Britisher^ .though as the leader of
the new English land' ciafead© ho
eagerly,-and, perhaps too zealously,
makes the superlative attractions of
the English countryside a momentary
obsession-.—-Special cable to The Winnipeg Ttalegram and .Montreal Star.
TYP08' HEAD CONFIRMED
AS COMMISSIONER
ALBANY, N. Y., Oct 27/-The 'kin-
ate Wednesday unanimously confirm*
ed Governor Glynn's nomination of
James M. Lynch, of Syracuse, president of tlie International Typographical union, as state labor commissioner and .both houses of tlio legislature
adjourned until, Monday evening, November 10.
Substantial Damages
for Michel Worker
CHARGE KIDNAPPING OP STRIKE
CHILDREN BY DUBLIN WOMAN
COOKS   MINISTRY  18  DEFEATED
MnLBOURNB, Auntnllfl, Oot. 10.—
Tbo Cooke mtatotry was yeotenlay defeated by 29 totea to 37 00 an oppdvl*
Hon nvrtfon kt, nfifmrrn tnrtlfr tilt.
ettmHoa of Sir John Porreot'o £3,000,-
M0 loan Mil. Tho ptwmlor Imnrnffoto*
    . .    ^ _ ly adjoomod eh« Jioiioo after ono of
woe*'* office iblo tnorntoK •Uio that j the watt angry «*im» with $• tabor
• kflprfeKWOf Or«ok«trfIcon«eut«l party.
Mn. Lucille Rand Haled to Court on
Warrant Charging "Abduction" of
Two Soya—To Chaokmata Social lata
DUDLIN, Oot. 27,-Oountwa riun-
kott, 'wlfo of tho owner of Dublin's
olum district, who ooveml y«ur» ago
gained notorioty by marshaling tho
•womon of tho etrcot« to itho polio to
voto for a aaioonkoopor in order to
defeat Jama* Connlly, tbe Socialist
candidate, mndo Rood bor threat of
yieatorday, whon ahe secured a-wor*
mnt today agalnet Mrs. Luoillo Rand,
Boolallst, changing tho ottamptod kidnapping of two boyo of 14.
Tbe caoo growe out of tbo'attempt
z! ZX.A'.X iu vh...u <u ituuMv.' ui
■RtiTik4iiT*' -flhlMtwi to ■Vtopilnnrt tn he
taken caro of until tho ond of tho
tromway strike here.
Mrs, PlunkoU, wbo Is trying stronu-
ouoly to forco hor own charity upou
'tho otrtkoni, threatonod; to havo tho
iTWrtlmrnt-fw** At itm «nv« Jtj'jivs .':;i.;
jail on diarjfos of kidnapping. How
well oho will ouocood ia a much
mooted queatlon.
Whon tho cn«o camo up for trial
today, in tho Kingston Court, tho
room wn* erowdoii.
'Mra Dora Montefioro, tho Drltlah
SoclallHt, nppea-rod ln ..Mm. Hand's
behalf, and asked that tho maglatrato
commit her to jo.ll IiuUkuI of Die 0*»
fwntont, aaydnff that Mm. Hand had
only boon working undor bor lnntm<v
tlooo,
Mm, Momtoflore, wbo baa acquired
an international reputation for hor
actlvitlfio lo tbe propagation of ilociai-
tow, wt# ti.m**,«t tin a ettntlar cburuA*
later in tbo day.
Tho "father, of tha boy a, in mortal
four of the wrath of Uio priaata and
tbe dJoUioi of tbe arebbiabop, waa
I Induced to ttate oa tbe wftaeea etand
 u
that tho boy a woro bolng aont to
Bn-gUand without his knowlodgo or
corwont. Thlo, tho njofonco will endeavor to prevo, la not tho com. Tbo
prosecution already rognrdo tho cneo
m won,
Tho mnetatrnto would not oouaont
to the .proposition mado by Mro, Mon-
toftoro. He odvtmd bor to oonoidor
whether those deportation* ahould
conao. Tlio wnglatrato «vid* thoro waa
a 'horribly strong fooling, in Iroinnd
asnlnet ouob work," and if it <tid not
coaoo It would likely lead to "dlfitur-
Uinooo."
Mra. Montefioro aald alio did not boliovo tho testimony of tho father of
ono of Cho boys whom Mra, Hand wn«
charged with deporting. Tlio fntbor,
alio aald, waa a cattle drover.
Tho imnpUrtrn'N* mil-mittM ***** yer
■haps tho Incredulity of Mra. Monte.
Uoi'tj >iu« jtsMllmii. "iiiii, cfcu» of
mon," mid the magistrate, "would say
ono -thing ono day and would ooino
horo and -swear to tho contrary tomorrow,"
Tho deportations of Irish children
«L,U   "^1    ^   "V  VuutMAxtt   111   tuUHfAllHi
ha* croatod a tremendous excitement
in tho city. Tho efforts to house and
food tho hungry children of tlio atrik«
wk In FJnflfland nro wholly in tbo
bunds of tho Socialists. Tho Trans-
port Workers' Union doos not apiwar
to havo nntiolpatod a-ueh violent hostility of liui -church. Tho power of tho
olergy ovor tho utwdocated maaast in
fttftJ too *tf*f*i*ty Inrrrnincd to bn ovor-
looked, ovtm with tlio JnfJutroee of
Urkln, the strlko loader.
Mra l'lunkott, the complainant, an*
noiinccd tlint her own private AwoU.
]ln« at flondymount will bo ffven to
tho use or tht* youngster* bat bor
charitable offer, In view of the. iwwtf
of both +MT«wtH nnd hnsb«i*fc f« look-
od upon with great d-lslrwt by the
wor km on.
Mrs. lUod was allowed to «o on
bor own ball and the caee waa adjourned.
QUAKER CITY STRIKCR8
DETERMINED TO WIN OUT
Pour Thoueand Cloak Makare Stand
Plrm for Their Demands—2,000
Havo Already Triumphed
PIIILADISIiPHIA, Oot, 87.-Tho
County Commlttoo of Uio Socialist
.party last, night at its (mooting ln the
Parkway nuildlng olootod a commlttoo
of throo to ilovlfio ways and moans
of raisins monoy to support the striking clonk makers or this city, Plans
nro being mado already to arrnngo
for a conforonco with tho labor union*
to dragnet Uio city for funds.
The cloak .mako-ra, after taking a
vote, which was almost unanimous for
a strike, hold a meotlng, and .-a general
r,,r!!:', "."■ «^ JtwaicU «u out; ,, u was
a complet* nu-rprlw to ttnt*- bwpr M
most every man nnsweivd tho call and
struck.
Of tli* 8,000 who w<»nt on strlko
about 2,000 lmvo gono hack, their do-
mandu baring boon grnntwl In full.
FY>r the vnttt flftwn ivnnlttt tXin «>,n«..
■navo ibooii closoly pl-rkotod, and ma
result vory fow scabs aro working.
Tho old of tho notorious Cleveland
•Manufacturers'Association was nougiht
by tho bosses, and It tmni its agent,
Krankol, and a vlrtunl wnr bopin,
Strikers woro tralW to thnlr homes
nnd their m1v*»*i Y,t*ntfiti flfrllmm woro
sot upon In the union lm.*l« and thoir
skulls erwehed. niood i>oiir<wI fnim
tho stniBgHng gawn-fnt work<»r»'
hcods. This all bocauso tho strikers
demnnded a fIfty4iour «<t'lW. sanitary
rondiUons and decent wages.
The bosses, with their looses
amounting to millions, hava pa*««l
iho word along the line that the entire
InfTn.-itfoiuiI Untoti wuiit lu **W*A
off tiie «n»p>. Dot the striker* laugh
nt this thwaf. At a inoptlnK tn the
Arrh Street Theatre Tueeday tlio
etrlksra loudly chrorod tb« propoiitlon
to remain on etrike until thHr demand* are granted.
Lsiflt Tucoday Mr. Justice Murphy
in tho damage action of Medean
against tlio Ctow'b Nest Pass Cool
Company .go-vo judgment In favor of
the Plaintiff for tho sura of $1,000.00
and costs, In the Supremo Court of
British Columbia, between John Me-
deao, plaintiff, and tho Crow's Nest
Paso Conl Compnny, Limited, a body
corporate, defendants.
A. Macncll ond A, I. Fisher, counsel
for plaintiff; J. J, 'Martin and S.
Horchmor, counsel -for defendants,
The .statement of claim. In tho action
alleged that tho plaintiff, .whilo cm-
ployed by tho defendants aB ropo rider
in Old No. 3 mino at Michel, suffered
Injury to Ills arm whilo slowing cars,
or In other words having his shoulder
to thorn, to koop them from running
off Uio track, and whilo ho doing ho
ellppod and foil, tho cars seriously
injuring and bruising his arm and
crushing bis thumb,    Tho accldont
took placo on the ititb of March and
it was not until lato In Soptombor tliat
tho plaintiff wns ablo to do any work
and ovon now hlo arm is not oh -well
no It was and his thumb will bo permanently injured,   Tlio atatomont of
claim further alloKos nogllg-mco on
tho part of tho dofoiwlnnts nnd stntca
that tho defendants failed In their
duty to provldo a proper and -fofo
placo for tho plaintiff to work, or'in
tho nltomativo thot thoy failed to provide a fit, proper and safe sywtom undor which tho plaintiff had to work,
Tho  .witnesses on   behalf of tho
plaintiff, besides hlmsolf, woro Louis
Krall, Martin Tnpal nnd Dr, WoMon.
Tbo plaintl'ff, Tapal and Krall t-ustiftixt
to toeing compelled -to work In this
place so ropo ridoni and when tho
loadiwl cairs mrnc to tM« WM i^nw
had to jump off and put their shoulder
'U-* lie h'ti.'ii. *t! ISIiU \Jtii .w»u! n.kvii. time
strength aRW.ln.Ht tho ropt» from tho
hoist, whioh lifted tho front twheola
and tended to pull the cars off tho
tttuck.   Tlio cars oftun. woro off 0»>
track at this point, but nothing hnd
^'1-''.«M    mwSm    i«'-***,v     wj     *\*>it>    S.<ln4\***-m.* t    <!X"
copting to put In a guide rail, which
<wa» proved to have boon absolutely
ineffective.
Tho defence of tho company wns
that condition*) In thin part of tlio
mino could not bo improved upon. Umt
Is to aay that conditions would not allow tho track to bo ImMur gnul*i><) nr
movod and that the hoist rould not h>i
mow»d In th** proper 'Mr^cMon witJuiu;
the pillars In Hh-p mine being weakened and without danger being caused.
The defendant's pr)ncli>al wiin<*s «us
Mr. Rhaw, miporintendent of tho C. P.
H. mines at llosm<r, who was Intro-
duoed aaaa oipent wUr-h* and he had
the advantage of hearlntr all tht* *vU
(Unc«» ol *tti« p»«ltrt»ff nnd of tho dfl-
feodanti before be wont on tbo etand
fitmwtlf. His ovidenco was lo tho tit*
feet tbat condition* were aa safe a«
they powfbly could be mado and in
thia respect be oentr*dl«t*d tbe de-
feodaat*' own wHjims, Mr. fVwrifWd,
supcrlntondiantt of iho. mines at Michel, who admitted that thoro .waa
danger nt thlo point from the ropo on
tlio liotet pulling tho cars off tho trtvclc
It iwas sliown, too, that since the accident tbo position of tlie ropo on the
hoist when tho care wero on tho level
referred to, had boon moved, eo that
tho ropo pulled strnlghtor and that
-thoraforo the conditiona no seen by
Mr. Shaw hod been an improvement
upon tlio conditiona no they oxtstod
when tho accident took' place, .. Mr.
Justlco Mun>by held that this plnco
had been proved to bo a dangerous
placo to work in and that, notwithstanding tho (lofoml-untH'  contcntioik
that 11 groat deal of monoy would lw
lost in rendering itbls itfuco Mi/e, yot
that tho 11 vow and Jlmbn of tlio workmen woro moro important In tbo eyes
of tlio law than tho making of monoy
for tho defendants.   It was atwied on
Minlf of tlio (lofomlnntft that If suoh
was Uio law, tlio company would practically havo to cIoho down, but thia
contortion could not lie coniddurod hy
tho court, and without calling upon
tho plaintiff's counsel to reply to tlio
argumont of thn dofondan-ts' foun«el,
Mr, Justice Murphy gnvo judgment
for 11,000,00 nnd costs.
Thin caso Ib ono of tho most import
ant (hat ha« been trlod In Fornio for
Nome timo and Jt would scorn to m*
tablisli that If a defective system can
bo .shown, notwithstanding how strong
tlio roasoim for it are, th«*rn Is no di*
fence at common law.
Tho caoo of I'owoll va, C. N, P. Coal
Company lum boon adjournal by mn*
nwit until tbo 18th day of Novombor,
und ttm «uwi ot Koxlowuld vs. Hosmor
Minm LVmitoil 1ms boen tuljoumod un-
ill *»,„ too,  f,»  •: «Xli    ;^, UlV
above aro comiH'n-Mitl-nn -piuum* undw
Uio Workmon's Oomp-fl-n-wiHon Aot nnd
will bo tried bi'tor** Ilia Honor Judgo
Thompwon. Th« caso of AIlrtvMit va
(Ironhy Min*wi will Im» trtnd at Oranit
Fork* boforo His Honor Judgo Ilnown
on thfl 2Hti\ of Nov«*mlwr.
i.n« foilowm*),' njijx-JtlB will bt, tried
boforo tho Court of Appml at Vancouver beginning with ihe -ith ot Novom-
Jior: Cnrdcmono vs, C. K, V, Coal Com*
pnny Ltd., iho imso trltul nt comnion
law lOHt M»y Mora tho Honornbl^
.Mr. Justlco Murphy nt Fornle, arising
out of tlio «nov('HlldA whir1,*! wrnm'd
at ('on) t'rtt'k last Doc-oinher. Tlie
cn«i of TMnI vs. C. N. P. Conl Com-
i».ut> Ui\„ in vi.hk-li Mr. JtHaice Murphy uminlol damages amounting to
f 1,000.00 to the plaintiff k«t May, and
which is l*.iii« appoalM by the defeml*
«nf. rom mny. Tho como of Culehaw
v*. C, N, P. VrOtil Company IM., a
-rornTMT'Kitlon case in which life Hon-
t*r .ImfflY* Thompson frmn*\ n*g;itnst tho
Applicant and the rase wna appealed
nnd Mr. JuMlre Slurphy r<»V-f<n*K<d tho
Arbitrator's finding's nml rcnvlttw] tint
ease back for a»w*v#tm<*.»t of damages.
Mr. Macneil left tor Uie Coast thia
morning in connection with the shorn
app««fs.
,-r - \   • ;*   I,     v t
..«. in.}
.,." ;**.*.   •.-:.
.   'A*' •'
."■■    .' •("'.   ,
~ ~'< r-il'-'A~X's'XXAiAy'*.  ,  -,-"
x •*.-
.t'i,'- :
PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B, C, NOVEMBER 1, 1913.
The Fernie Public School
The-asset possessed by the people of
Fernie in their public 'school, both
.building and the personnel of staff and
school board, Is, we fear, not appreciated as thoroughly as dt should lie, and
this must "be our apology, if any is
needed, for a review of the school and
the work of those responsible for it*?,
completion and maintenance.
The trustees, in their work for the
school, seem to have been -animated
with a puMic-spjrltedness wliich is indeed commendable, and even the most
trifLiwg detail has received dieJr deepest consideration andi thought, the result of which Is demonstrated in the
' fact that we possess In this town today one of .the very finest and most
up-ilo-da-to schools In British Columbia.
•■Willie it may appear invidious  to i ing of each hall, these being coimect-
■single out any particular member of j ed with a button switch outside each
to-date and hygienic. •
Four staircases lead from the .lower
hall, two at each end, these coiwerg-
ing onto a landing and thence on'to
the top floor by two* broad -seta of
stairs. The woodwork of the -staircase
is stained oak, the steps being fitted
with brass "nosing" and rubber tread.
Balusters and .balustred are handsome
and massive, and thoroughly in keeping with the substantial appearance
of tiie building. Corridors on either
'si'de lead to .the various'class .roams
■and teachers' rest rooms. The board
have several tons of cork linoleum
which will Shortly cover "the classrooms and corridors, 'the cost of which
has been over $1,400.
Two fire alarms are seen In the cell-
itho board, we feel sure that none will
deny to Mr. G. G. Henderson a full
share of appreciation 'for tho verji
deep and .practical interest he lias taken in completing and furnishing the
building. It is an inexorable law of
society that If you will endeavor to secure justice for the mnny, ycu make
enemies of the 'tew,   In his efforts to
classroom, and a call from any one
room warns tdie wliolo school. Considerable taste and discernment lias
been exercised ln coloring and the
ha'Ms present a most .pleasing contrast with their walns.ccit.ted dados of
stained pine and cream colored calso-
mined -walla.
To return to the principal's den.' A
last effort of heating' and ventilating
experts. The thermostat is an ingenious Instrument which' au.tomaitioa'lJiy
.shuts off radiator valves and opens
•cool air ventilators directly the heart
of the room exceeds a certain -set temperature. The principle of the instrument is the effect of the atmosphere
■on a very sensitive piece of metal.
The closing of the valves and opening
or closing pf ventilators is done by
.means of co-inprOssed air. By this
means an even temperature is maintained in every class room and the distressing effect of an ill-ventilated,
•stuffy, overheated room .upon teachers
and scholars avoided. ;
In the provision of blackboards,
desks, furniture, etc., great care has
been taken to secure tho best and
ith at most suited to the requirements
of child and tutor. l%
Passing down to the basement in
the new portion, whioh'is reserved for
the girls" toilets, the water motor, fan,
heating coils and ventilating shafts,
w.e are handed over to the care of Mr.
H. Carlisle, who has been responsible
for installing the heating, ventilating
and sanitary arrangements,   The isan-
1 However, no one can tell what the
Governor will do An. ttois 'instance, but
if he acted in accord with public sentiment ;in this State the strike '"wouM
be of -shortduration. and' would be settled in-favor of\>ur people.
"We .propose to fight this battle to a
finish and-we'sincerely trust that our
members -everywhere will help in
■every way possible,to place Colorado
on the union map. It may take an-
.other monith, It may take another
year,' but whether one month, one
year or tenyeaTs. we must stay on
the Job .until -this State is unionized
and the banner of industrial freedom
floats over every .mine in the State.
IT^^L'^ilftr $? que* tem that fills the coffers of capitalism,
■ti'on of an assessment; when the same .... -.-•-   -.. ,    -    ...
COLORADO
The short 'communication sent ia by
one of the strikers ait Oak Orgek,
Colo., tells the whole story of the
wholo. story of the strike situation.
In .almost as few words he isays,
"We aire out to a man; we aro satis*-
fled'with the -treatment accorded us
by the organization; <we are preparing
onr tents fov the wlner."
. Any discerning Teader can read between these few limes the whole story
of the conditions that led up ito the
strike.
The organization Is able to give
these men a bare existence while on
strike. We furnish terns for the eviot--
ed famitlles, and that Is all we oaro do.
•But with these bare necessities the
Colorado miners find themselves as
we'll off as they were while working.
Sham fights, staged by companies'
gunmen*, can have- no effect on men
who are on strike against such bitter
■conditions. Injunctions will not have
the effpot to send them back to such
slavery.
They are tired of the many hours of
strenuous .toll, under the dangerous
conditiona that always accompany the
work of the miner, emphatically so,
wihen they a.re not protected by an organization, and for barely enough .re-.
■mumeration to keep soul and body
together..
And that they may be successful in
this righteous strike we must find the
means ito furnish them with food and
sbe-itier..
The constitution providest hat. the
•is needed for-over two months..
In accordance .with . that constitutional provision a "vote will he taken
in the meair future oh the question of
adequatefly financing this Strike.'
. The answor will be, as it always has
been, an amphatic "aye."
The membership knows what a
strike means; - knows of the suffering
that .must be borne by men, women
and .children, and never In the history
of our union has aid-been denied to
our brothers -on the firing line. Nei-.
ither 'will it be denied in this imstance.
On the contrary, from every district
comes the word, ."Call on us for as
much as is needed.." *. '' '
The report from' the strike field is
indication of early success.,
Altoost every Independent operator
has signed the "Trinidad scale." Only
tho great .corporations, the C. F. & I.,
the Vdotor American Fuel Co., and the
Rocky Mountain Fuel Co., are standing out against tlie just demands of
the men. ,
The reason le obvious. The dnde-
pendent operators are those who live
among their men; know their conditions and the hardships against which
they have revolted.
It must be .patent to the' officials
of the state of Colorado that if these
small companies can grant the fair
conditiona for which the miners are
on .strike it would Impose no hardship
on the large corporations with the advantages they hold by reason of their
extensive holdings and -superior equipment to grant the same.
The -m*&n are 'determined that they
must be assured of the rights of free-
mien before they will, again enter the
miln'es, and that they may he able to
bring their gallant strike to a successful conclusion we wm furnish them
'the necessary food and shelter in'de-
flinltely.-—United Mine Workers' Journal.
Tho tyra-ht- does; not ,-tjelieve in -liberty, and-he.who pasmts.for freedom,
"inuist etailke Ahe blow."—The Miners'
SULZER GETS HI J
Wheire is the/'triumph?" Wherein.
Is'the -moral atmosphere clea:. .' The -
club" .that the interests smspend above
every, officeholder has fallen upon one
man' that dared'to disobey them.
■ Where does the puMic come in?—
Charles'Edward Russell in the-New-
York Call.     '».'-. ,,  ■    ■ .
-Sixty thousand tons of mttumlnous
coal at the Reiss dock in "\Y-aukegan,
111., are burning. Spontaneous combustion, was the cause of the fire. Armies
of dock .mem are making efforts to
check the1 blaze, but on October 20
they had made little headway.     ,   u
- William Sulzer is expaHed from the
office of' governor, and the victory of
•the great power that he offended Is"
comple'te. - ,- ,-
So, too, is the lesson of his case.
Hereafter,.it Is' safe to say,'the governor thait Wall street choose® as a
good Indian wall stay good. The candidate -Cor whomi the financial' powers
'subscribe their, money will .-go obedi-i
ently along. • The .politicians have had
.their lesson." The interests heed fear
no more insubordination.''
But 'to,tbe plain citizen that doesn't
happen to.be fooled by the hypocritical .pretense about unis case, two or
three things will 'be equally plain.
1. The offenses of' whioh William
Sulzer 'Was formally charged and for
whioh ostensibly he has been impeached are offenses that politicians habitually opmmit;
;2. .What he was and what ho had
done were things perfectly well known
to ihose that put him Into tlie governor's ohalr. At the time they were
hoisting hlim upon-the citizenship as
Uie' ideal mfan for governor,, they had
in their pockets the record upon which
he has now been condemned and disgraced.    .
3. If he had never antagonized the
financial .powers, if he had never artn
tacked Wall street,,if he had taken his
orders as. other men elected hy the
same means have taken theirs-,' he
would be sitting this day In the office
of governor, and there would be heard
not a suggestion that he ought ito be
impeached. For it was the .powers' behind 'the sicene .that sacrificed ohira>,
and 'Murphy had no more .to do with it
than to convey the commands that he
received from his master.    •
In these circumstances, the joy that
will be exuded by the kept press over
this "triumph of good" government"
will .be to the .thoughtful man merely
■sickening.
ii
~ (Principal Daniels, Mrs. Blley, Mrs*. Marshall, Mrs. Parker, Misses Hogan  (vice principal), Ross, Cochrane,
Murray,   Macdonald,  Turner,-  Gordon, .MoRury,   Macleod,' M-Id-dleion, Hamili, MoPherson,;-M. Elliott J.
, Elliott, M. Daniels.        -        ■ ' „ -. •
-eiLminmTT;ire~^iirnti§&t~su^icioir_or
graft or carelessness and secure for
the, ratepayers of Fernie and our future citizen's the very best possible
value for their money, Mr, Henderson
may have offended the few, but he has
certainly. ingratiated himself in the
public life of Fernie as an opponent of
anything efavorlng of laxity or indifference, and to him in no small measure the cltyi Is indebted for the splendid .building to the north of the towm.
The board is composed, of the,following: G. G. Henderson (chairman.),
'Messrs.. McBean, Lyons and Molntyre.
The vacation caused iby resignation of
'Mr. Jas, Lan'ca'ster in May has not
■been filled. '
Our Visit
' Recently we took advantage of Mr.
Daniels' (the principal) Invitation and
visited the school after hours,
'Entering at tho Victoria Avenue end
•we crossed .the flno,spacious hall iwlth
its sanitary drinking fountains1—one
at each end—ami ascended the stair-
oaso to tlie principal's ,den,   ■
A word ns to tho halls, of»-which
thero aro two. Those responsible, for
designing tho school have cortndnfly
provided nmple room for n.ssemhlin,g
the 'scholars and .their .forethought In
providing the porcelain fountains with
sanitary drinking tmp« is but-n .further liisuineo of tliolr desire to bo up-
■niceT^cos}'. room, furniislie~d.~vith""s*ub-
.stant'.ai polished hardwood desk anid
table, and carpetted. This^is a room
that reflects the general character of
all the .rooms and furnishings .in .tlie.
school, and we cannot help but think
that -many a child finds in the general
tone and atmosphere of the school a
■stimulus that will go a ilonig waiy. in
cultivating stability of character and
an incentive to make their own lives
clean and orderly, One thing is certain1, the (management have'1 not lost
sight of the necessity of giving.the
■child the best possible Impression of
oanl-tatlon, and mwde an honest effort
-to atone for -what some of the scholars
may find lacking in their own homes.
How this splendid, olean, sanitary
school must contrast'with tho squalor
of many a shack homo we all realize,
an.il wo appreciate accordingly, the efforts of the hoard and thel'r tacit -acknowledgement of the part environment
pioms In the lifo of our children,
Tho 'school contahiB at present
about SOO scholars, and new arrivals
nro a dally occurrence.' The boa-rd .will
havo to tackle the question of .school
accommodation ngaln next year.
■Mr. .Daniels conducted ub through
hlo own classroom, explaining and (lorn on.<--.t.rntlnK tho automatic svsto.ni of
heating and ventilating, which Is the
Heads, I win;
Tailsy You Lose
•   SYNOPSIS OF COAL MININQ , •
'REGUI1A.TIONS,        -'    ■"
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba. Saskatchewan aad
iVIberta. the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British .Columbia, may
be leased  tor a term  of  twenty-one,.
Sears at an annual rental ot fl an acre,
ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one, applicant, ...
' Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Asrent or Sub-Agont of the district in
which th* rights applied for are situated.  ■ ... ,_'•,,
In surveyed territory the Und must be
ieBcrt!>e*ri by sections, or legal sub-divl- ,
dons of sections, and  in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied tor shall be
staked out by the applicant himself,J
Each apllcatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but net otherwise. A royalty nhall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mtne at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
(urnlsh the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the toy- „
alty thereon. If the- coal mining
rights are not be!ng operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
. The lease will Include the coal mlslng
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
•urtace rights may be considered ne-
tessary for the working of. the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full Information - application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorized publication ot this
tdvertlsement will not be oald- for.
99
Is the Way the Socialist Sees the Out-
come of the Situation on
Vancouver Island
i'tary~.baS'ins~and"-toi.iets"^are~ideali&bic'
of the impst modern sanitary engineering .and any danger from -septic contamination practically eliminated."
A,powerful "Slrrocco" fan, worked
by a 7 h.p. water-motor, pulls the fresh
a.ir from a shaft which rises above the
buiiMing and, forcing it through 'heated coi'lis, distributes it by means of
huge flues, to various parts of .the
building. A large concrete' basement
to be used in bad weather as a .recreation .ground, has also been provided.
The basement under the old portion
of the building has been reserved for
the boys, boilers and air machinery.
In the'boiler liouss we notice the automatic air pump which supplies .force
for working thermostats ln classrooms
and an automatic condenser pump, by
im'eans of which every drop of water
is .returned to boilers'.from coils and
.radiators. Tills effects a consldemblo
-envIng; In tlie -fuel bill.  •
Having completed our survey by Inspecting, the sanitary arrangements
for boys, and thcii) playground In the
basement, we take leave ot tho primcl-
.pal, and when in our mind we attempt
to compare aocoinmodnitlon in our
'school days with this splendid Institute, it Is «i& comparing the former
with "Dotheboys' Hall" Immortalized
by Dickens In "Nicholas' Nicklcby."
That British Columbia—and Vancouver Island in particular—is destined to take a prominent part in the approaching world's social revolution becomes more apparent everyday.
there being no convenient railroad
ties to -"hit" across the stretch of
water to the mainland.—Wm. Braes in
The Western Clarion.
THE PEOPLE MUST
-. STRIKE THE  BLOW
The True Situation
Today In Colorado
A Band of Aasaatlns Rules the Country—Atrocities Committed by Hired'
'Thugs   Against   Mon,   Women   and
' Children.
Oy Frank J. Hayeo
Trinidad, Colo., Oil. 17.
The strike Ik pro-iri'.ss'.iig Tit; drably
in Colorndo, dcupltp. nil tho .'fforts of
ii iiumln*>r of Impiirlcd pumiicn to ln-
tliuldiiW our .peoplo. Tlm opi r.i'tjrs
two uk'iik Mm Minn Iiu'IIch out horo
Unit they uhi-iI In West V-lrKlnl. It
In iilwiciliig to report, .however, llvat
UiftsutacUcH only add to tlm dotonnln-
at Von of our peoplo to curry nn tlnlH
tilriko lo ti .sueceiMfiii com-liialon.
Tho J.illn In l.ni Aulmns nml Until-
*ler -rounllcs arc fllli'd w!t|i our prop'*
at. tb'n lime, niwted bnrnii>M*i- limy
da.n-il io -iwrdtti tliolr eonniitullon.nl
rlK'li-i of inuccfiilly picketing Iho
.ui.'.i!..>. Tlm opLMlora have n1">
bought, i-evenl nnrhlii" Kunrt find
Am*>->-> tln'iii nuuntu',! on aulomobilw.
Thoy jiIko liaw what Is known iih a
"p.X'1 liiilitlir.hlp." Thl» U an nuto-
lin.l>:it- Willi a lllwli body of Bollil Mi net
■hIpM, built up po nn to iilmoHt roncnil
■tlio Kit.irds IiihIiIi'. Tbo i-tri-l fur-
lil-i'iri n<«l"tfllH'<» to liullotH nud fc* Ml
■nriMiiBed .that tlio jiHK.ifcin.it  on   i.i«
*  , *   *    i, *. i    ',   *  i*
H.r.... i   >i. t)    ..,.,.■•'•*)    "•
fii-.l - lfi ;v. It h n iplPivilId rffiiiri-.
for n row'tird, Tliu body of llm iiim<
oliliio U hlutpt il liht> •• torpedo. It Man
Honiplet-ml ji couplo of ilnymiKo for tho
us« of mini.' kuiihIb.  It currlM ii rapid-
..i      .,..   <,f
moro than two mlios and aliootlng -BBO
h-hotw a minute. Ah btul nu West Virginia wiih. tlit-ri1- wn» nothing down
ih<ro to conipnn- with thiH lamut In-
Mrimmrt of immlfr Unit thn operators
of Colorado airo using,
V'Mi'v.nine    nt   imt    pwiplft   wero
bi"n,iiiiRio ho d'ld m lie wna attiickod
with a (liid'illy weapon by Ouiiril Ilellc,
Orminlzer Llpplatl's niiinloror, nnd un<
vcrcly bruised nbout tlio body, lias
r-1-nmrn wnw tiiken nwny from lilm nl
that, Mine, nnd al'tenvnnlH ho met Kolts
and Hoik on the street and asketl for
the return of h!,s catimra, Kelts rpp'led
by h-HiMng him over tlio head wlt.li a
rnvolvcr und kicking lilm Into In-nen-
Klhlllty. He then umntul lilm and
took ill in to Jnll, where hi.' Ilex iu a
-yerioiM con.'ltloii n't. the .present time,
l-Vltft and Helk are both deputy (sheriffs In illi-lu I'liiir.ty nun imve thu »:inio
a'iithorlty .tlm Hln-rlff linn to malm nr-
reHlH, There are iibiiul "(to innro no-
InrloiiH elinnu-tr-i-H verticil with tlm
i-une pewer In tills State, i-n you can
rendlly nie Mint JiihIIim' Ih h moi'kory
In lliU pari, of the couii-iry,
A batllm ocrtirriil «t Ludlow 1«hI
w .-k liptwren mine gminW md mln-
eiv, In which ono man wiib killed ond
two wounded. This trouble was »tnrt-
< d by mine giiardn uhootinp Into out
tent city nt I.udlnw, two bnlletu piws-
liiK very f-lfise 10 tlm perwin«< of wnvrr-
d,l women HtomMiiK In front of Ute
lent a. The guard* nre now trying to
in ako It nppwir-nnJ thay urn lmclie.l
Up    ll>     .1     .illl/.MUU.l..     |»i(.io      l.l.l*     *.»>'
,,.',-,.-■    < '<\    l*\r.   '.lvill'hlf     hut    **''*
Imve rellabln wltneMueH, dlulntercstfiil
to- Tnlnidtul, and when thoy passed
our tent  city nt Ludlow they  woro
rc-quested  by alio strikers' wives at
-tliat place to «top thero nnd tlvnt they.
wnil-1 be proteoloil.   At their own •re-
f|tie&t they woro broupjliit Into TriniMoul
In nn ntit'omobllo In the evening by our
people, a,nil then tlm proso agents for
llio-opormtors Immodlntply rnlsod a cry
-thnt-thoy wero »plrltod nwny by union
nfflcki,'"!. -nnd Mm preps out Imro do-
vntod 'roi!it.m.n"nfter column to this "awful out rn sre ntr..i!nst women," Anothor
•(..o-c-alk'd'kldniippiiVK caso occurred mt
Wnlnrnburg tlm otilmr dny, An Italian
boy aobut lfi yciru of ai?c, nn b's w«v
from Italy l-o Wiii'-nonlnvrit, vkw m-et <nt
llm  trnln   ot   Wnlswilmrg   by   two
friend* of the boy'u brolhor nud tnkoti
ibismo with itlir-iii.   Tlm IkiVh brolhor
fcvmerlv worked nt. Oelni'iin, nnd lm
iteld  'h-'tf  frlci'd-*  tit   WalHeiiburi?   to
meet tlm trnlim nml  write!)  for 11m
boy -nnd lilm lilm tn tlmlr home, n«
lm no lnmmr wcrkeil at tlie mil drown
nlvcn .to tlm boy lieforn lm loft l-tnlv,
Tills tb<> n'rlkerH did. and wo wore Ine
ll1-llllllelv I'lllMTl'll with kliliiiniplng. ■»')
you ran hci> by thin Unit thero Ih n-rt-li-
'Mm ten Hina.'l lor tVc'r li'reil men to
ftnnp to In evder to ill«eroil-'l nur causo
born In re'nndo nnd -to iirrny public,
vi-rri'in-nt ni"iln»l  uh.
nc-'plte .(lm efforts of tlio *i>-il*1 lick-
Riilt.ileR of tlie npiwloru. our rinilcH rc-
iniln itnbrnkcn nnd wc lmvo llm mont
coniplr.'.ft tU'^t'i) iif tbo mi'nlni' liiiluw.M'y
,'Vnt ever occurred In Hi'h i'lnlo. Our
vtrike i'r +iinil a Hpleiu'-'d Ruccecs thnt
,. ,i (., «,.,...     ... -
m„,T Mmv inviiflrip iibnl thev .enn brenk
tibe ctitrlt of tlm men bv ri*x«rlin« to
The material conditions are "in some
respects different from any other part
of the globe. The climatic conditions
being comparatively fair, and it being
the "Last Great West," discontented
workers from all over the world have
made it their greatest aim to get to
this land of promise ,JThen there are
the workers 'who land on the eastern
shore of the North American continent, nnd ■ find economic conditions
there much the same as they had fled
from in Europe. These meir, following
the line of least resistance, come west.
The facilities for getting to a place
where Uiere is not, or rather wrs not,
a permanent over-supply of labor, are
generally very alluring. When these
job-bunters get ..to the Pacific coast
they find themselves cornered, economic conditions being as bad if not
worse than the places they have left.
Having spent all tho money thoy could
raise gottlng there, ^
They Are Unable to Escape
even If escapo from capitalist oppression were possible whilst capitalism
reigns. ,
The only 'semblance of a loophole
is to contrive to get on to -Vancouver
Island. A short period on tho Island
soon crushes out tho last spark of
hope that thoy will ever bo able to
Improve their miserable lot by running
away from tlio enemy. Tho result Is,
thoy Instinctively turn tliolr backs to
tho Pacific nnd prepare to fight. A
caso of Ilobson's choice,
Tlio fact Unit theso mon nro thoroughly dlssntlsflod with their mlsor-
ftblo condition of wngo-shvvory and
anxious to put an ond lo It, makes
them form tlm nucleim of an Intelligent nnd militant proletariat. Thoy
soon got down to a serious study of
proletarian science, and with that
comos tho npprecintloji of tho uncom*i
promising attltudo of Uio fioclallBt
Purty of Oiuimln,
Rcnllzlng thnt tho ninchlno process
linn advanced to a stage whero tbo
social revolution Ir poBslblo, and that
It Is tha backward evolutionary stato
of Um wngo Hlavo'n ml ml that Is tho
rotiirdliig factor In tho imconipliHli-
nifint of Um revolution, It lu only lo
bo expected that, through Uio Htlmti-
Iant of dlru nocoHulty,
Vancouver lilnnd May Create Borne
Precedent
If It hns not nlrondy dono no, by electing wnt'lilng-cliiHs t'pprcflcntatlvcR tlmt
constIttito nil of Ills MnJcHty'u "most
loynl opposition"  In   Uio  Pruvinolnl
llOUHP.
llnforo leaving thn KcoKniphieiil
poKltton of the Iblatnl wo mli;lit. couplo
with It , thu goolnglenl nature, in
this respect It lias alwnyfl appeared to
bo antilogous with Dritnin. It him
largo iIoihihIIh of tiilnornlH, not tbo
loiiflt, Important being ronl nnd Iron,
which nro nu yot Indispensable for
m-mlnrn  t-nilnnfrv   mirl  tlio  nrlvincn  of
modern Industry lu cmiaiitiiilly bring-
n.h uu; ko.U mui'u Ci'iiitJ) uu iim I'.uii-
Anotlmr point In tlmt lt occupies,
■- The Evenilng Telegraph of Colorado
Springs bad the following editorial unr
-de'r^he-capbion,—The^ubUc-I^ys-the.
Freight":
"Coal of various kinds was advanced in prive In Denver yesterday from
50 cents to II per ton. The reason
given wa:s as follows by the vice president of the Rocky Mountain Fuel
Coimipawy:
" 'The reason Is simple. It is costing us miore* to maintain -conditions in
our 'southern ooal properties because
■the isbrike lo making tt more expensive
to mine the ,coal.'
"In -other words, the people are to
bemisked- to pay the costs of flgfhtlng
a strike. They are ito pay for the
gu'arda and. the stockaideis and oil the
other expenses of present condition©.,
"Is .seem® to us that if the people
are going to 'pay the freight,' then the
people have the right to say tliat this
strike stolH. be isottl'od.at once. Cer-
itailnly the iln'crease-d pay which the
-miners ask would not cost the operators any more than it he cost of maintaining the strike.
"Tho -attitude of the operators
&&c*mis to be: 'We will fight the -strikers, in our own time and our own way,
.but you must pay the bill.' If tills Is
the ca&o, llicn the public unquestionably lias the night to Insist thrnit tho
strike bo ended at onco, Tlioy are not
going lo pny the bills and bo abort of
coal at tho same tlniie,"—Tlio Evening
Telegraph,
Tho people, when maintaining and
perpetuating-an In du atrial system that
breeds strikes and lockouts, blacklists
.and boycotts, .should ,not complain
whon they nro nillod upon to "Pay tlio
Freight," Tho peoplo hnvo tho .power
In their own hands to end a 'system
that demands that "Tbo Public Shall
Pny tho Freight." Tho pooplo must
mot otntertailn tlio -opinion that tho
ci'-:ihh or privilege who aro tho bene-
niclmrleft of the rrel-sht, will mnko nny
effort, ito abolish or overthrow « syii-
Canadian Pacific Railway
^ 't  * "         \
- , " Very low fares in connection with        -
Excursions to the old country
Daily Nov. 7th to Dec. 31st inclusive
Fernie
To  Montreal  and Quebec   -   $76.10
To St. John   -   $84.10
i. Limitjive.months, stop-over and extension privileges.
Full Information re rail and STEAMSHIP TICKETS from
R. READING Agent    -
' or write
FERNIE, B. C.
R. Dawson Dist. Passenger Agt.
Calgary
Alberta
Stephen T. Humble
CASH SALE
Hand Painted China, Jubilee Enamelware, Kitchen Utensils
of all sorts,   for one week only
BELLEVUE
Alberta
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation  In the Pass.—
Up-to-Dato — Every   Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.    ,
SUITABLE  FOR   LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
THIS IS THE PIANO WE GIVE
a
o
i
C/5
im*t orderly procosulons I «v<r wit-
neswi nml wwi ■pathetic ln iho vx-
trome.UroUior 1'owoll -Icavua n wlfo
nrnHhwo «n*ill chiUlren.
Wo »ro firmly ttmvtnc.Nl Hint tho
biouKlA'ii/u Trlr.wV.i'to.lay from war | Rtwrf; IwvA Wn wtfirlnir un nH tho
■ ■• ' itrotiblo . wo ■ li-ovo «a ■ far cxiiorliiiicwl
for tho «xprc*ii pnrpoiw or InfliiNirlnK
Hiho Uovomor to iimhI tlio in iln in lino
lUiii* rogion, They an» alno trying to
itiflUMK-* jwbllc opinion liy rharirlna
u» with kidnapping thu .vivos and
cMMrcn of *tdk*e-br<»ttkf?rH -aliout hji
silly o clia-fKO n» n (HmmikmI brain
«*uM eon«oct "Hio basis of this
ctnrg^ n^n"t ft* in -rfii* 'o thi tnrt
that tiwo foreigW wonieii, wive* of
Vrilro-bmilcwwi, '<rt«l to iro Into th<>
■cnmp fit. LolflKiin mnl wrre turnfl
ta^k    by    company    *guan!».    ^to
About 8.S0O *mlncr» folloiv^.i IiIh boily ' tinn wr 10 *>toy fin  mn'i <--i»nitn...*■?
lo itbo (•mwU.ry,   It wiih tmo of tlm  vloiory I» nclilovcd.' Tlm Htnto l« in n
I: id wvv tc*? .pmI nnd .tlmro is tx went
noirtlm'Mi'l out ht>ro In fnvnr of WUn'o
owncmbln of mints.   Thn mniorliv of
8t.Jirkvi.il*. Tbey wmj-pn'coiloil by hIx^
ii*nn tl, jin'V-a nrrinir<il on nil »lilns.*of
iIimh !iti;I foliom-fil In tb* roar by ttito
"*l*«l Iwttlonblp" timl w<>ro duly floilg*
«'d hi inil, N"'> wtflpon* wflre fonmd
on tht, iirTHOTin of ttKiw* Hlrikero. onrt
>ot thty w*.r« Kiuir.lwi llko a lot of
tlw»?or»t<* ■rrlmlnul*.
<K riitin by >tli« nnmft of 0. C. .loiioo,
n Tiiwtniwr ol i\*** W«U.*>iu IVduu^Ott
of M!n<*r«, waifl^tpn into in«on«lbil«
'Wilt by A. (!. 1'VIU luuil of tbo TlaWwIm
Vfift Dntncilvo Aiiuiicy. In TrlaWftd
tonltht.    !I« trbnl to taku ft photo*
irariiof the KftlUnK Rim «n.i thtt pre «ionsht <Jio,womon w*re union ki.Ioh.
Sn of tho orw5kl ninnt, Ud 1 Tbey tten darted on thiir *■»>• tack
t»M*i crnl lnndd nm ownMl by tbo ft'oto
rnvpmmPTiit nml tbo romjmn'oo l*o«o
Uir. 1'iml frnm tb« Wnit*. it thvi Bti***x
wnnbl tiko « firm png'tlon on thl*
rwltpr th» ntriko would bn sottlwl
.«-i^»t'iH^<«v'-U wlUt'H a flwrt tltitc. It
is itow'blo thut ■wjiiit'tblnir o.'oiic l.W«
Hn« will \x* dono in tho nt*iir future.
During ith-rt swat rml rtTiVn in ihe
r'rlppln Crt-i-'* region icvcral vcir-j
niro Hovornor r«ilw«ly. nndw mflltory
law, oVwd fa** of* «^'^n ""'w* 'n
thit; itl^Hrt, -bwnii-w. no brM it .10 tio
a ancimco to tho .po^« ami ritiiwt of *ttt«
rwrton. Actio* upon thia nwodent,
tho nwnt Oovnrmr r^tilrt wovMrt
tho lmporhrtlon »f atrtko.br«k«T». bo-
raoao ho k»W ehi»m •« a owiaoo to
tho pwaeo ftwl 0"'** °f ^ft **•*"-
-tonclualona that mny bo taken from
thcao facta are. that It will net moro
tlmn nveniRo nttontion from profit-
aofi-klnR rapltnllatn.
Another Important foaturo ia tho
fact thnt tho ,
Principles of the 6.  P. of C.  Are
Havlno the Flrit Inninoa
of Socialist propaganda. Tho workers
wit! not nml tu vnxatu. time cffaflnc
the fflllucluuH Ideas of reformist labor
pnrtlOH, First imitreaslont aro lasting
itnpri>«iIon», In conclnalon it mljlit,
bo aaiil that if tbe capitallat twlltlcaf
powora weru to aitcceod In scattering
aomo of th««ft claaa«o*»«lo«s r«olo-
tlonliis. as thoy are trying to do now,
H'wonid bo a great atroko of Hockalls*
propaganda, and an oMoet leaton to
indifferent wage-pluga, But, na waa
piloted out befors, th««a hftrd-pronod
workers baro noi got tho means to
got out, «v«n if tbey were willing.
MS
t^y
u
'
WOULD VOU LIKE THIS BEAUTIFUL PIANO A8 A PRBSBNTf   WE SHALL POSITIVELY 0IVE
IT TO «0MR ONR OW   OUR CUSTOMEHS
Cfflno to our atoi*. o«e nnd try thia oplondid inatwmonL Wo will tell you ail about our plau of «iy-
ing thl* ptano awar. This la a pnmont worth having. This Piano ia of tho celcbratod Upton maka tt
carrioa tho manufacturwa' Ten Vaar Ouarantee.  Wo cordially Invito jtmr inspection.
N
The Rexall Store
SUDDABY
•        a»        m        Fertile, B. C. THE DISTRICT LEDGES FERNIE   B C   NOVEMBER 1  1913
PAGE THREE
Tn Iris tmutminU on nocajitlnK '!lli ot-
(Ico of j-whIiU'iii of tlio Assm'UitUm (it
lOleot.rli'iil KimliteHitt, nt iilrniJuKliam,
lOntflond. on Outobei' n, ~AUih.uiid<ti- An-
demon Bn Id ihnt, In com ii ion witJi
many ofliw Industrie*, tliu •irlente uf
QQfll.imliilnB In ndvnnolnn, and tlw 111J11-
ir.tf cfle-rtfital engineer has to iwteml
lila knoWlmlsi) lo •-■ope Willi tlm now
conditiona which nrn conatafi'tly m'ls-
Iiir. The .day for <lio oneinoar wiw
ima oaiy sin Blem^nltu-y knawledKe uf
■olootrlonl Jimcliinory tins goum, ami tlie
sooner 'lie realises tlm tact- tlie butter
; for hJmsodf and tor all associated with
its use. Electrlual plant hns become
60 complicated that to run It successfully complete knowladge or minatruo.
Maa and olutrocteiriam baa become e»
sentia].   'tt <is difficult  to  get   really
■ tirot-olosa men, because munji young
)nen. who enter the pro (essi on do not
■' Boom to .renillis the necessity for he-
'-Klnnilng 'their theoretical aduoatlon nt
once and rely solely on whet years ot
,-jimotioal experience anny teorch them*.
They do -not aeeni to .grasp .<&e foot
--dbA£ ft ismailerntmibbr of years, x:om-.
blued with earns hard study, vill make
'.them Kibe -competent and rfflctent
. -tnudeeman i-Lhat ail aspire to "become.
It the iittiter couraa were adoitted we
wwild -not have the iMfllouIty whiob
we now -have 1n finding reusable engineer-* annon-g tiie younger men We are
dH acoiMtomed to bearing expreealonii
llu tlimiHht lhc>' coiilJ; nml llie
f-ltniJtintion or Wm iiHi-idlii lilts ior tho
rcHttblii miiriii-ppr wua the Ilral at*n|i In
(Imt dlrmlon. Aa yenve sn liy wo will
mm il steady development ot tlie uao
ot elwHrtett-y ns an nlil to mining. Al
randy wo hnvo cotllerlQii equip]mil
.'row ttm Ending enHina io tlm miller-
I'llttlnw of the t^inl rely sololy on electricity tis the motive power, ami tlir.t
pinna of coillory !» ropkUj' extending
llu wiih frequently struck with tlio
-primitive bonslits Riven -to under
ground awitchgonr. Tho average underground distributing station of >Lho
-present ilny will compare badly with
lhat ot the future, -when, we may ex
peet -to seo weU-innda walla and clean
nnd eveu floors. We have men wrv,
who era capable of looking after bolli
electrical and meahuuloai sid-es, but
tlie Cu-ture requirements vtiH iteceasil
Kite all on Bine urn combining both
qualifications. Numerous na electric
otto'-drlven coail-cutters are today, they
will be at in more m in the future, na
the time, is surely coming when little
wnrl will be mined by hand,-—Tlhe Coal
and Coke Operator and Euel Magasine
It iia claimed by the United Mine
Workers of amerioa, tliat 8B ne^ '
cola jhavo (been orgnuised in District
29, West Virginia, within tlie last four
raontha
»\\ SON
0«>
T   o
Snh C
ha    h
e nee the fn
□so    ot
Th    dec
n ot t
3 beoi me friE
: gen he
brings the seem
ng     nev
ab <" den h
D 363
Twenty
force or tie expo, on an art -one
hod ea havu a eadj been recovered
Mine Super ntenden epprmott a
numbered amonS Uie dead re-icuers
oday reimnted pass ng n a body hut t
has mot bnen brougJit to the aurflico.
Frightfully Burned
Pour bodies, brought to the surface
Claim L v no
Tke mos raglc t olve hours of b
d sas 1 »lag Canon MUie No
si c the osion Weilnesda af or
neon atsed at. 6 o clock.-tonighit Not
un hos itunl efleut men nho n
■mm pi n i have donned the el
meaanuo\>fien tanks and walked n
tauitertnifly through the thousands oC
feet of denth-hncd chambora and entries—M-U tlien, ]u«t at the beginnlnR
Phe  -T-DoriRO
n
Vb  e h s f a 1
to   tho bes  an       o
u   appara
kindrod  phases n
Uie Phelps-Dodge syndic
i; was ileep
within the mine aidlns t!i
■* rescuers.
BEST PLA  LAST & PRODUCTION EVER SEEN
EN TOUR
Prices $1 SO, t OO, 50c
SKATS   HOW   CELLING   AT   SUDDABY S   DRUG   STORE
Out of tow-! mderg filled in Ihe order of their receipt i'A.-
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRI0T1.EDGEB, FI&ME^B jO., NOVEMBER 1, 1913.;
-;.   -<S4> _; . „ -  , .     'S-)
■ >A:;y-x.'
■ l! \ ~ $*.
^^    -
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District.- Advertising rates on application.. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
:   F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48   * Post Office Box No. 380
HOW LONG WILL GOVERNMENT
BE CONTENT TO SIT SUPINE?
the galled and worried strikers;'and blind and unmerited punishment of peaceful citizens.
- " The public is becoming aroused on this question.
Au impression is growing that individual members
of the government are not "averse to a continuance
of existing conditions indefinitely, and thatone of
the contributing "causes to the strike was a.desire
to exploit in the British Columbia market inferior
coal from south of the boundary Une, which could
■be handled to greater profit than the British Columbia product.     -
• "The call for intervention grows stronger. A
full and fair inquiry cannot be avoided much long:
er. Public spirit is being aroused. ^ How long will
the government remain insensible to its duty in this
•matter? L. D. TAYLOR,,
."   '    ■' ■   . "Editor."
The above is from the Vancouver World and we
publish same without comment.
"The sentences meted out to the labor men concerned in the popular disturbances arising out of
the coal strike on Vancouver Island cannot be said
to have erred on thc side of leniency. A number
of the leaders have been sent to jail for two years,
'while a number of others were sentenced to imprisonment for oue year.
"A glance at the situation as it has developed
{■round llie question of n ooal supply in British Columbia is not inopportune. There Js,, in fact, a
strong impression in thc public mind that the time
lias come when a detailed, searching and exhaustive
inquiry into the entire situation should be,made.
In the first place, thc provincial government has
made no attempt to deal with a situation that is
well nigh intolerable. It has ..made no move to interpose between the strikers and the employers, it
has taken no steps to secure that, in the public interest, the output of coal be maintained. The government has held aloof, except in this particular,
that it has not failed to punish the strikers who
broke the law. It did a little more than this, indeed. " Three men, reputable citizens and as such,
entitled to the protection of the law, were thrown
into prison for some forty-eight hours, and liberated because the charges brought against them could
not be substantiated. A system that makes such
things possible without redress to the victims, calls
for immediate and searching revision.
"We have contended from the.first that, in the
public interest, the government should take over
the working of the coal mines in such circumstances
as Ihose winch exist at present.on Vancouver Island. Coal is a natural product, and a commodity
in large and constant^ use by the public. To see
that in no circumstances can the public be cut off
i from the supply is a legitimate function, of government, and should bc made an essential requirement
_of"Tlie"law^T BickCTing"between~empI oyer's" aircremT
ployed shtfuld not. be regarded as sufficient occasion
for inconvenience being thrust upon the householder, or ior tlie partial dislocation of industry and
commerce. Much more is required of the law than
severe, iron-handed suppression of disorders among
To save society we must save society from the
ever-swelling' stream of unearned wealth which
submerges man's highest impulses and robs him
of the greatest.joy of conscious service ior mankind. Society needs as much to be saved from thc
encverating and benumbing effects of unjust possessions,, as to be rescued from thc enbruting passions engendered among those despoiled by Privilege.—Robert Baker in ."The Public.'!
The above from a "J Journal "of Fundamental Democracy and a Weekly Narrative of History in the
making."
How easy! How. sublime! We don't want to
criticize The Public too severely, but who is the
" we " ? Is it The Public or is tlie writer. Society
must save itself. No "wes" can accomplish this;
it is not an individual's job; it is not even a state
or national job—it is1 a salvation that will bo
wrought by society itself: Relentless and inexor-.
able—nearer,and nearer; statesmen and politicians
are1 travelling the broad path of economics. Broad;
we.say, for the "approach" is such, but its termination is found in the simple declaration of Socialism—That labor shall enjoy the full fruit of its
toil. •     " ■      ,
. Democrats and Republicans, "wes" and "isms"
do nol. create conditions; they are invariably the
creation of conditions; they are as powerless to
help society today as Lloyd George is to solve the
question of unemployment with his scheme for
abolishing the landlord and create small holdings.
In fact, his ideas and schemes are more impossible
than the most advanced Utopian.' Granted such
stunts are helpful when approaching a general election period, and they serve to divert attention
from such annoying problems as Home Rule and
a possible resistance from Ulster!  . - A, ,«***-.
one
Most men want a "
jprBvided~they
square deal" and will give
be-p-S'mittM^to*"judge—its'
squareness.
"Labor-saving machinery saves labor;, but it
does not, under present conditions, save the labor
er.
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page S)
Lethbridge—(Continued from page 5.)
course they will realize -tho convenience of «udh an 'Institution in tht&v
midst
W>hat .might iliaro -boom a eorlous fire
warn prevented by -the timely arrival
of No. 1 flro 'brigade, whon fire broloo
out in tho front part of S. Porpovtoh'-fl
homo In Sbaffordvlllo. Tho causo of
tho outbreak is unknown ns ,Uio front
quart ia unoccupied,
Tho ladies of St. Patrick Ohuroh
held a Ilallawo'on party in K. of P,
Hall Tuoaday ovonlng Jn aid ot tho
new Ohuroh. Tii© attendance must
Gwivo boon vory gratifying to itho -ladiea
who, at oonald'erubto tlmo and trou-<
■Wc, had arranged .tho entertainment.
8. Trohub, ono ot tho brakoamon on
<t)ho colliery onglno, mot with a.painful
ojocldoti/t Saturday of last wook. In
somo unaocountablo way ho pot hia
iluiivd anight in tlio coupling ot a box
oar, 'When anotihor car .bum-pod mp,
oruRlilng Jil» hand covoroly.
Lethbridge Local Union Notes
" Tho regular mw^ltig of abovo 1/wa.l
wan li old lost Wodneeday, 28wl. Thoro
won a »poolnl call on Uio mom-bore to
attend, notice*" (ittho dlfforont Ian-
ffuagrat bolng posited... Tho attomkvnco
■wn* vory raoagro, In «ptto of tflio toot
ltlutt »nkl noUoo Htatol that matters of
wpockl Intoroat would bo iHhohmhhnI
Tho rooommondatlon of tho War-
national Ikxird to ciwry on tlio fifty
<ioiii as»o»8iiHMit until Uio uovoral
»lrtlri>» now going ott Indlfferont part*
of Uio organIxatlon bo -aobtlod, m.»
brought up undor unflnWhod bualnoB*
and unanimously ondorsod.
Tho question was raluod 'by one of
itho mfmlMj'ro of tlio -iminnor lit whioh
tho men at No, fl mino cnwflt and
HRnamblo to gist on Mie mm, both on
■top and «vt bottom, to tho danger of
tiro mid limb. This mattor Iwm boon
inkwn up ognlii and again but without
ronulte. After ©onaldorablo disctiwlon
n wiiRK-wtlon *wn* loft in thn hnnd« of
tho pit oomnitUoo to put before tlio
...■iiuumiiii'ii.,
Tlu* now applkant-fl for tho woelc
woro fowtoen, A/ppUoante rooolvod
unit obligated.
A grtovanco cropped up hwt pay
day .with -the bank, particularly at ono
oi Wiw (j/A'jl *i»UMViii*.    lii w«yu.i'* ut-c- v*.* * **
In charm appearing to bo mow It*
tnrfeiKd in a dog ho *ad beildo him
than tho mon who wero watting to ro*-
wlvo Mliolr monoy. Aftor walttag «
oonaidersibl© tlmo a good many -tamo
tnit ami w«*nt f IhowImto.
Tlio installation of oioctrte MghU
ai Wn, ft Hiliiv wn* ii inattnr for ills-
<m*«lon. A motion wan pnt aM oar-
licit Hj.it r,y'T'AJ.ry i»> fna'.m-'f'vtto fr**
biil-lots prlirteil with tlio word "for"
nnd "flgnlnut," and that n refonmdum
vote b* taton at tb* *m!r*«. Tixa mui**
tor of mibiCTibers to tho VM»tr1cl Kfld**
gnr -wee takin up and left in bh«
h*n4* of iho ««tM>t*rr-
Th* bllte for water, light aw! taien
worf nrtorv/l p*M.   <»h, y* ta*wi»
BDCRtSrAllY.
♦ COLEMAN NOTES ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Tho Opera House ilias 'been tho Ten*
dezvous of a groat variety of shows
and public oventa besides the .regular
"movlos" during the past wook or ibwo.
Tho change In tho G, P. It. tlmo ta-
blo caused quite «i numbor of tbo 'travelling public to mlsa thoir trains, "It
was so ouddon."
W. S, Black, 13. .A., the now iprln-
olpal of tho public school, is oxpoobod
to arrive from NValmiglut, Alta., about
t'ho ond ot tho wook. Ho will tako
oh-argo on Monday for tho first tlmo.
Mr. Mltohell, retiring, .has had offers
of positions in othor parts of tbo province, iit Is understood. He will epon-d
a llttlo time in Lotiibridgo, after leaving Ooloman.
fit. A.lban'8 Church lliold their annual
harvest festival services on Sunday
last, which woro attended by good
■congrogiationn. ^,
D, D. Smith, of Reglua, waa u Coloman vlBltor during Saturday to Monday. Mr. Smith rosldod horo In tlio
TOvly diiytv of Coleman's history and
Ml -haa »omo intoroHta In town, being a stock holder in tho Coleman
Moramtllo Co. Ho is also a mombor
of tho firm of Smith Bros, and' Wilson,
'building contractors, of ■Lothbrldgo,
Iloglna and Saskatoon.
Jaa, BniBBoau, of Oowloy, vialtod
Colomnn Wednesday nnd Thuraday.
Oorpornil F. J. Mondo, of Bollovuo,
«|H>nt part of Wednesday in town.
C, Sanaomo, of Maclood, distriot pub-
Mo aeliool Inapoctor, 'Wins in town on
Monday and was.a visitor in hia of«
flolal o«paoltv at the sehool.
Tho HobUtTi Opfm Co. jiroaowtod
"Tho Beggar Prlmso" on Monday ovon-
int. Tlio compnny is a fairly nilmor-
m» ono and mtido a good Imnrosnion.
Thoy Joft for Blalrmoro on Tuesday's
llOOUl.^"'
Lomo A. Cnmpboll, of Bo«»lan»l, n.
C, was a Coloman visitor during tlio
latter part of last wook. Mr, Camp-
boll Ih 'prosiilont of tho MoCl-HHvmy
Crook Conl & Coko Col, and while
^A*-^*>   r.in'r*r\9  \*At* *t.l.**tltt   fn*»  it*** Vl*t\t*t  *\**Tt
in th«'offioo of that company.
Mum Marvuerito l'orti»r rotunwi
from I^tbbridgo on Monday and to a
vtoltor at tli* homo of bor p«t«nt».
H. B. Lowo, of Fornio, wst a guost
at tbo Coleman Hotel on Friday laat-
A baby «lrl como to tbo homo of
iitl, *I-Wl.   Wl*».  A,  V«lfl«'lMWi»W Vit'iVl   V**i
w#4>k, dt i« hoyit^i »o *tav.   Mother and
rblld *>»n roportod to be progressing
favorably.
A. M. ATid Mrs. Morriaon will lmvo
tlio   *vmpnthy   of  tbolr   numoroii*
frlonds in t-own ond vicinity In Mfdr
tad boraavom-pnt of thMr bn.«iy. Wt*xi,
who iVit-A *f»n Vriibv n\«Vit und Ait* V.ir-
<*l on Mond'iv.   T^i* fwn-^rsl «<*rvleo
vrtin wn'f'K'M *»»* ltnv, T M. Mtirrir
nnd W3i8 ai'-fri-'id bv rnunb-wi cf svth-
pathlrlng fr!wd«, Con4in«**"l ill fionltH
mado an flriwrat'^n «*w««»rv 1n oi^r
tn nro tbo rWM's Hfo.    This took
t>Vv» a f«w dart bofore .h<«r AmxiYi,
b«i« *biw#"I *i«»u*
j    T*o fkhubort 8ymp^iony Club and   ,     ,
\Ai\y QoMr4«tl* -MiittrUlit^il Ia t* **t~ti\ t |m<«« tto* *&vwu*W*i Uw lu IA.** Uo-
i andfaMtcw at tho Opera Houso on W«d>' minion booM.
nesday night. The company cam© to
town under tho auspices of the Foot-'
iball Club.
"The Barrier," a play toy Rex Beach
and dramatized by Eugene Presbery,
la billed to be stag©d in Coleman on
Wednesday evening, Nov. 5bh.
Tho benefit -concert on Friday night
last arranged for by the Carbondale
Miners' Union in interests of Saira
Stokes, was a great success.' Tho pub-
lie manifested Interest In the project
by helping in many ways and turned
out to tho concort and danco to largo
numbers. About 'two 'hundred dollars
was cleared whioh will be a goodly
sum for tho beneficiary and ihis family.
In .Uio early .part of tho miimimor, wlnllo
in tho discharge of his -work, Mr.
Stokos met with an accldont which
mado tho imputation of a leg noces-
sary and is as yot unable to do any
wark. Robert Holweq, acted m ehadr-
nwin and tho .following persons contributed to tho program, which was of
about two hours in length: Madam
Howells, vlollniBti Miss Macauloy,
ado MisB Snow, recitation; W..H.
Hayson, solo; 0. Falrhurst, «olo; Miss
Dlsnoy, violin solootlon i Mlasos Allen
and Mr. Evans/trio, accompanied by
Madam Howells and Mr. Davies; Mlsa
Parry, recitation; Messrs, Odger,
Highland dances; Mr. Slma, of Crow's
Nest, solo; aad Sam1 Pfltton, of Boll©-
vuo, solo, Somo of tho numbers woro
oncorod nnd not a fow of thoso taking
part deserve upeclal mention. Coloman had a -splendid array of local talent which 'was attested to by loud and
frequent applause, Tho dnnco, which
lusted till the weo sma' hours, terminated for many a good evening'* and
morning's enjoyment.; Stokos' orchoa-
tra wppltod tho music for tho danco.
sMra. Kolth, who for moro than ti
yoar Ahm resided in Coloman, movod
with* her family t-p. Hlnlrmoro last
wook, ,* ■ X
A olte«t of ullvorwaro on exhibition
in W. G. floodovo ft Co,'« window Ib
bolng mfflod, tho proceeds of which
will bo glvon to Mra. Clllgnnnon,
Mones Barltx, Socialist, gavo a Htlr-
ring 'locturo In tho Opora Houbo on
Sunday night, Oot. 2<Hih, on tho Frondi
Revolution, whioh was woll aUcmded.
Tho Rev. Father Donnoly will glvo
a loetiiro In tho Opera Houso on Friday, Uio mat,
.Inck .Tones, <whllo at work in tho
York Creole, inlno, had tho misfortune
to 'got ono of W» logs broken, Ho waa
taken to tlve houpttiil and was attend'
ed to by Dr, Rom.  Ho )> progrooslng
H.l    It.* in nut j,   .      . ,
fln'm Wtokw wlnbw toMpprwM 1\\tx
l?ratltu<l*o to all those Indies nnd Ron-
llt-meii who holpod to make his bone-
fit fotwert and (Sane« a groat •uc<cc<!.s.
♦<♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
4k.      f.l«M«   t ft9-i\   tlnlftn   N^f**      9^t.
♦ ♦"♦ ♦ *► ♦.'♦ ♦;♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ♦
♦ BLAIRMORE NOTES ♦.
♦ «;-.'■■ -„> ;■■■       ' . .-♦
♦ ♦ ♦'■!►.♦ ♦ ♦♦,.♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
"Bob".,Wai<k*er was to. town on iTues-.
day traifeaotiiig-'business for D. Ask'
land &' Co.; "ot Winnipeg. "Bob" did a
great ibia-iwlfch'tihe local blacksmitihe.
Ri-chard McGowan, -who went up to
Fornlo to visit *hls brother Pat, passed
through on Ms way -to Ualgary Tues-
day_ noon.
Damnyi WaMcer was lii town (from
Sentinel on Tuesday looking .up old
Mends. -; .
. Jaimes Good, brother of Andy.GoOd,
of Crow's Nest,.B. C, spent Monday
afternoon in Blairmore.
Cyr*s .new meat maTket is working
up a great trade dn town. "Mr. Gyr
•has a large ranch down at Lundbreck,
Alta., from wflilch .place ihe has /fresh
killed meat sent up daily. He 'has se<
cured Guss.Howe for delivery.
R. M. Briooo Is putting on a big
money raising sale this week.
The last heavy'fall of snow has put
a. stop to Robbin'6 auto livery, tor
■aiwbile at least. Well, as he says, "'the
cars need overhauling," -which nobody
will contradict. ■
Inspector Gunget and J. W. Gres*-
ham', J. P., (went to Bellevue on the
25th for the (purpose of convicting 22
men for stealing a number of C. P. R.
•grain doors. The culprits were lined
?15 each. Mr. Gillis, the Blairmore
■lawyer, appeared for the defense.
Mrs. (Dr.) Sawyer and children arrived' in town on the 24th. Doc and
family have taken the new residence
put up by Henry Gebo on Dearborn
Street
1 J. W. Gresham, J. P., was entered as
a notary public this .week. Mr." Gresi-
torn bas just resigned ihis office of
deputy sheriff, J. M. Morrison, of Coleman, succeeding him.
A baptismal service was held at the
Central Baptist Church last Sunday,
there being three ladies aud one young
man Tviho took the sacred' vow. *
Mr. Goddard arrived' In town from
Burm-is on Friday. We understand
he iwdll reside in Blairmore through
the iwinter.
The Boston Opera Co., wbo put on
"The .Beggar Prince" at the Opera
House on: Tuesday night, are to be
congratulated on giving us one of the
best shows so far this season. iThey
had a record house. '
The work of clearing and grading
for.-> the proposed Keystone Cement
Co.'s plant is almost finished and before winter Is over .we hope to see
the walls of the plant that twill mais
Blairmore the busiest town in the
Pass.
. Wilfrid Wolstenholme and family
have again taken up their old residence in town. 'Wilfrid has aot yet
decided in what branch' of commerce
he -wdW open up/
There te great excitement over,the
contest that wiil begin on Nov. ,1st
for the 'Bartlett-Thompson piano.' Everybody' is determined to try their
hardest for the great.prize.
The Rocky „ Mountain' Cement Co',
have closed their plant dawai indefinitely for the purpose of repairing the
machinery and getting feady for'an*-
otliei!jlongjstead.y_gri,n'd-iiext**.suminver*.-
0 Mr. Henniger, from Lethbridge, who
■bias taken over the-Lank Bros. Dairy,
arrived' in town the latter part of last
week. Besides selling milk we understand that Mr. Hennlger'will also deal
■largely' In fresh meat and .poultry,
which he is having sent'to Blairmore
straight from his own large ranOh, at
Lethbrldige. Lank -Br6s.'leave for East-
era Points in the" near£u£u!*e.   '".,'■'  ,'"-;
fRev. David Ross, from Darlington,
England, left for Lethbridge bn the
noon train Tuesday. Mr. Roas, who'
ls a great orator and-evangelist, has
beon holding services" in the Central
Baptist Church every evening during
the ipast month and we 'believe could
havo gone on holding them for anothor
•mJontih and still draw the crowds, W©
understand that Mr. Ross will relieve
.the .pastor of the First Baptist Church,
Lothbrldgo, for mn indefinite period.,
MIbs Qoas, who lately was employed
at the Cosmopolitan Hotel, left for
Lethbridge on Wednesday.
Mrs. McNeil, of Calgary, .wlio iwilll
succeed' 'Miss M. Sunstrumn ae man"
agoressi at tho local telephony office,
arrived ln town this week,
Mr. A. Bryden has bought'the lot
and house of Isaac Lougfoood and w'll
■shortly tako up his residence ,there.
Contractor Sinclair has almost forn-
.plated tho now rooldonco' of Mr Tlins.
Cherry on State Streot. Mr. and Mrs.
Cherry hope to start housekeeping
there noxt weok.
A branch ot .tlie Baptists Young
Poople'o Union has boen formod in
connection with the Central Baptist
Church. Tho first meeting takes
placo on Wednesday, - November 5th,
at 8 o'clock.
1 i
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦•♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ BELLEVUE NOTES ♦
The -people o£ Bellevue aire seeing
some of the-best pictures seen in the
Pass'. There i*s"a change every.nlght.
The manager ihad to ipost notices sev-
erai tiimes^tM® .week that" there waa
stamdiing'-room only;. ;     ,--•'•
. Charlie Burrows, jr.;-has been laid
up tor the past week with a severe attack of la grippe;,
., Mr. GhMle, 'Burrows, sr., went to
Lethbridge this week to. file on, a
homieatead' -somewhere near Bumnisi.
Quite af (large crowd of-people who
are da-the habit of going to the diepot
to get papers were'disappointed' on
Sunday night, the train "passing earlier
.than usual*.'.'" f  , *. . .,       .,.
Mrs, Thomas Bard^ey/was visiting
friends in. Blairmore .this week.-
Thoanas;Cenlngton,"who haa'been
laid up for a^eouple of weeks, is again
ahle to he around, i ■. ■■        a   •
There was a large number of- the
foreign element up in court this week
for having top many of the C. P. R.
grain doors around their shacks. They
all paid pretty heavy fines.
Who 'was the man who stole the can
of beer from the hotel Saturday while
the owner was inside doing business?
You had better keep your eye on him,
Saim..
•M-r. David Hutton has accepted a
■position of 'Hire .boss in No. 1 mine.
Mr. David Davidson expects to he
occupying his new house on the Con-
ley townsite, some tlmo during the
week.' ,■',,•»
Billy iMahoney Is renewing friends
in camp this week-V
Mr. Edward Roberts ip building a
hew house up at the Rosedaie dairy.
Mr. W. E. Dickie, late of the Hillcrest station; has accepted a position
as time keeper at No, 2 mine.
Mr. Fred Radgett is celebrating his
22nd 'birthday Tuesday, and the invitation is foi^ single men only. Better
get uiajrried, Fred, and reverse things
next time;
The camp has now three. butcher
stores. The new one that has' come
to caTnip Is from Lundbreck and is
owned by Cyr & Smith, of Lundbreck,
who wish to announce that they are
handling nothing hut meat from their
own ranch near Lundbreck.^ The right
place for fresh meat at the right prices.    ■
* Mr.'Martin, the International Correspondence School agent, was in camp
on business.  ,
Thwre Is every- .prospect of a good
rink In Bellevue this winter. A meeting was held in the Eagles' Hall on
Tuesday and a .big crowd was in attendance. ,,
■Secretary Burke is a busy man this
weehydi&tributing the buttons for ithe
fourth quarter..
0
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ' ♦
♦    Bellevue Local Union Notes    ♦
The special meeting convened with
« pretty fiair attendance to discuss
the question of paying dues as already
advertised, everybody .being agreed
■Hhat those -getting $2.47 per day were
being unjustly taxed., Some agreed
tMtl£Llper_jmonth_^wouKt \tax_them.
. Mrs. John Murray, of Fornlo, haa
boon In camp, tho guest of Mr, and
Mrs. A, Ilii*rcoy.
Mr. and Mrs. Copeland, of Burmis,
was vlaltlng in camp on. Sunday.
Blllle CoHo loft camp Monday on a
bwslnonfl trip to Calgary.
Tlio Rov. W. Irwin loft canvp on
Monday for a vlult to Mlchol, whoro
ho will glvo a sorlos or lectures in Uio
MothodlHt Church.
enough, taking into consideration, that
there was very little 'trouble to the
Local, so far as grievances were concerned; and it was suggested that
there might be a possibility of contract miners getting as low a wage as
the .surface men. It was readily seen
that wo as a Local could not have
imany. of our membership paying jl'
iter month, as out per capita tax to
the Distriot and International equals
$1, which would leave nothing for tho
running expenses of the Looal, which
is quite an Item. It was further suggested ithat the fairest way of taxation would be on the percentage basis,
oay two per cent of our net earnings.
The secretary pointed out that tluo
company had already ,!In previous
years refused point blank to collect in
tliat manner, as our agreement says
the amount must 'bo designated. But
that difficultly could be surmounted by
our iprevloua month's ^earnings being
the base of our taxes, but' nothing doing. A further suggestion to the effect that the District and International
should .bear a part of the reduotlon
was ruled out of order by the chair,
on ithe ground that wo wero discuss
ing Local dues, t'ho chair .being bus-
talned*. On a motion bolng put, it .was
decided to try tho following for a
cample of months: That all members
"on.the outside" potting $2.47 -per day
would pay $1.00 por month instead of
$1.B0 and that if contract mlnorB'
wagos bocamo so low, thoy Bhould receive tho same treatment.
The meeting adjourned to reconvono
directly aftor, "ns per our Local by-
laws," to consider n vital question
which .had -arose during tho .past week,
viz., bucking ooal on contract In N'o. 1
mino and drawing pillars No. 2 mine
on company work. Seeing thoro woro
none of tho affected mombors prosont
in either caso, it was loft in tho hands
of tlio pit commltteo to Investigate,
who will roport bnck to tho next rogu«
Oar mooting, whioh will ho (hold on
Sundny, November 2nd, at 2.30 -p.m.,
whon the Local will discuss tho advisability of,, mooting ovory Sunday, It
is also qulto possible tliat Pros. Smllih
will bo with uh,
Aflor onr mooting wns ovor Mosos
Parlt!!, of Manchester, Kng,, wlio was
billed at a Socialist ftpoakor, took tho
floor, his subject being "Is n labor
party necessary?"  Ho took tho noga«
'tlve -side,' and*, roundly. abused - such
men as Hardie," Snowdeni and many
others, as fakirs^ 'itraitois, palliatorsi:
and all ;,the Tast' of* it, • whose only-
crime seemed,to be,.,in.the writer's
opinion, that-they could^not give ~ us
the earth and' the fullness .thereof.
But question, mnie came-Tound and if
the speaker had had only more time
at his command, both he and his audi-,
ence would have had a great time,' but
he stated,he had a meeting at Coleman. Clem .Stubbs oelng the first
questioner,' he showed. .the audience
many flaws in Barita's philosophy, but
.the writer, not being, a' -reporter, cannot do justice to the occasion. He ask*
dd 'Baritz If there was an organization In Canada r to whlch_the workers
of Canada could ally themselves. to
their .benefit. Baritz said no. He further remarked that .he was not a -mi^mr
.ber of the S.'P.-, C, but .that the S, P.
C. had placed no obstacles ln his way
for the .present aeries of lectures. In
the opinion of the scribe a meeting of
that Wnd ibas one good effect,- viz.,
How much of the lecture the workera
will allow to go unchallenged.
WMUNICATIONS x
■Editor,-District Ledger,    :-■„>*■'■ *.
-'.". *"■. i,-.;,,»'Ferale,"B.C. '7-A- "   .'-
- J^-efeseVln-s-sri: iri" Ledger^ipirooeeds
of benefit conceit' and dance heM In
Coleman Oct- 24th", in aid of-Sam
Stokes, - i- -.
x- \. . ;   ;'RECEIPTS." '.   *.
From sale of tickets ; $225:25'
From BaJeaTcakea ......;...'    10.55-
From-donations' .';..;....     11.50
* Total ....;,; ;.., $247!30
'EXPENDITURES
To C. Gower...<-.  $ 9.4-0'
To.Mrs. Kelly ....: - 6.00
To District Ledger      6.00
To Janitor,of hall .".;...... '<-.:   2.00
.To Refreshments      1.75
To Sugar ...' ; .....   -  .60
To Floor wax .....;...:.'..!.:.       .75-
To Rig ;..;       .25
Total ....' ;..... $26.75
Balance to be handed to  Mr.
Stokes $220.55
J. MITCHELL,
Oct. 29. 1913. Secretary.
FOR    SALE
Four Pool Tables, almost
New.  Samuel May, maker
Will sell separate if want-    ()
ed for $200 on terms.
i J '    : '
'■■;;■   APPLY TO
Mrs. Agnes Gourlay
Queen's Hotel Hosmer, B.C.
The Working Men's Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
= Tables =^= -■   ■->'•'■■:
REFRESHMENT   BUFFET  ATTACHED
Entries for Billiard and Domino Tournaments cIobo' ,on 22nd. ~ Entrance 25c."  No fee charged to ubo Club, which .Is open to all.
B. Rawson
V
•'ii*
Manager
'.<*>
Our roRiimr nt-min* wn» held Oot.
2Rth, I fthould llko to point out iitvt*
tliat our mootingi ara not too woll
iwitronlzod by our mombor* nnd bro*
th«ra and wo hopo 1n futoro thoy will
ivako an (.{fort to attend and take an
noMva interest la tlio work of tho or-
rnnlimM-nn.
Only ihx* v*etAur b'lwlnwB wan at*
t«tMl«d to. Thft Lo<'**l votod tho mm
of 11.00 dolUr to VtwtMTor Islawl Do-
fonco FNind.
A lettwr wm read from TMrtrlct R»c-
tt*mry tuikitiM 11 our mombore to sup-
port tho. oooperatlr* mormnAnt end
Our Heading
Competition
M «*>
UUVmU^ml/     mtVl      i.*H4tfl..t£
n^ovc, mit have derided to
*JU.   IWUtfit  gU-UDftUig   ttUOUi   tilu
dlsc3cBc same, ihe acliQiao of
which is aa follows:
What you havo to do: First of all, §avo all hoadingi: Each
hoftdinff contnini a number, To tho porson who sends us in
headings tho total of whioh oxooodn any other competitor, we
rml.tn   H,.,,\   ...Jr.    J..     . .  .1.     ,.,.,.» IT».   »1     I.   '•   •     •   ...   ' .     i\.     I J,
TC,.'9   99999    U9li.tr   999   W.U   *4.WW*^>, i.*J   9*99    JJVkiWU    V) U\>   <^<UUb   tii   WiiO
second highest aggregate we will give a socond prize, while we
will deposit a sealed lucky numbor with the manager of looal
bank to be opened when we declare competition closed.
There will be hundreds of dollars distributed to the readers
of the Ledger. This is no fake or attempt to catch our readers.
We want to popularise the Ledger and give our readers a hnnd-
aome Ohrhtrau present., i
A special $30.(>0 pri** will be given to the render who aemiren
the ifreatfcst number of subscribers for tho Ledger from now
unti' the olose of this competition.
Three or four handsome prises will be put up in each oamp.
Remember, these will not be shoddy, but something of real
worth. The description of prizes we hope to announce next
week.
HIGH CLASS
Ladies' and
=TA1L0RS
Costumes & Suits
made to measure
Fit guaranteed . .
Steam 8c French
Cleaning ....
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     ■      Fernie, B. C.
MJ
The GRAND THEATRE
Wednesday  Nov. StH
T       HIllPAfll !■■ flAOTAlll I IIO
^UUVEwUDUdlUmHNO
IN
"'
"The Rose of
Blandeen"
Don't ntiiss it    -    Popular Price
iiiii • • i i   ',  .' ,i
■*»***»»»A,Oa»*ft»,MAAft,*****¥¥¥¥»¥¥*«»¥*«¥MW*«MMHWMMiirwMMM^	
;♦,.       COAL CREEK NOTES ♦
++ y- ~ ■ '■ \x     ♦
-♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
"> - •    ■ . ■ .      . *,'    *.
•Miss Majrgaret Whit-elaw and/ -hor'
sister, Mra Archibald' Dick, Calgary,
wore  visiting friend's' up' here ithto
■week. i
»Tho residents of this tamp'fully ap-
.jprooiatetto© -running of the special late
-train in connection with the various
"shows" -held in Fernie, as ■evidenced
■by the num'bers travelling thereon.
• " Service 'Will foe held in the new R.
C. Church up here on Sunday, November 2nd*. -->
The classes for mining student* un-
rder the .tuition of Mr. William Mazey,
iwill ho held on Tuesday and FVlday
evenings at S o'clock In the Club Hall.
Subjects -taken are as follows: Mensuration, practical mathematics, che-
jn.'letry\ of mining, ventilation, ipractic-
al working, applied mechanics, surveying and levelling Including trigonometry. All those Intending Joining kind-
fly give in their names to W. Mazey.
The gymnasium in connection with
, the XJlub bldisi fair to become popular
etas evidenced by the number of would-
be Sandowe attending nightly. Several great.feats of jumping, etc.,-have
•been performed lately.
One is led to ask when a start is
(to toe spade on 'the skating rink suggested for the Club grounds. We have
our skates, ready.
, .Wo 'would not recommend the "cul-
'Unary art" of one of our 'boys to any
one of a weak stomach.   We hear of
' one -individual wiho in his endeavor to
shine as a chef put a soup bone in the
..' kettle after having iput all the tea- in.
\'The night shift men would certalnily
(have had a feed of ".beef tea." Now,
"boy, keep cool! *   .
" The board of, management of the
Coal. Greek Club are numlng a Christ-
anas -tournament. Prices are to be
(given tor -billiards*, pool, dominoes
checkers, iwhist, .seven up, /orlbbage,
•etc. lEntaiea are now being taken.
BUI Davtea, of Coyote St., .returned
' home, from hospital oii Wednesday,
where ho has been undergoing treat-
anent. Say-, Bill, we surely missed you.
The scaremonger has been busy-la
camp this week, the latest being a
■dastardly outrage on a little girl on
^Tuesday evening. Qtx. investigation
we lean* there was no truth" in the
■report. We wonder why people will
•spread reports :like these.
, We are pleased to report the camp
firee from accidents of a. serious na*-
ture, the only accidemt occurring on
"Wednesday morning when Evan Jones,
va driver in 1 Bast on .the midsright
-shift, had: the misfortune to break his
ankle while following his employment.'
The unfortunate fellow .was removed
,   to hospital.' °
■Bom, on Thursday m<yrnang._*tO-Mr-
■ and Mre. Marshall Forsyth, a daughter, mother, and child doing well. • Oh,.
.  you Birdie.
Quite a crowd of local "Moose" took
In the Schubert Symphony .-Club show
on Thursday evening.
The building of the new locker
"house is going on apace.
A gang of men were out on Satur-
'day midnight.rcdeokinff a portion of
the tipple.'
vfWe are pleased' to see   "Bobby"
Cooler   of   tho; Trites-Wood   staff,
aroundi again after his severe illness.
Appleby. & Co. .can certainly pile
- "flpudtt" up. Oheor up, Jock, another
•car -load coming,   Nuff sed.
♦ '    ♦
♦ HOSMER N0TE8 ♦
nothing like "butting ta'! if you feel
•like.at. - ■    •     r
• The -moving picti^re shows are being well patronized, Therels one
thing to;ibe eaid in favor'of the present management, they at least keep
the place warm. ..
Mr. A., Liind has sold his. business
to the Hosmer Industrial Association
and Intends moving to 'Medicine Hat
in the near future.-
Mr. and /Mrs. Harry Bennett are
back home -from the holiday tour and
'report a pleasant time. '
" Now, Joe, be careful what you say
in future; you can never itell .wiho'a
around,.even In a coal mine. ...
Doing or Local 2497
Sub contracting ln tho mine was reported nt the last regular meeting. As
this ls a violation of the agreement,
the pit committee were instructed,to
inve-etig-at© the report and he governed
accordingly.
A communication from the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada re
signing of petition requesting an act
to Incorporate co-operative credit and
Joan societies in Canada was read and
discussed1. The secretary was instructed to obtain as many signatures to
same as possible and -forward.
A long discussion ;took place
amongst the members to obtaining the
services of Bro. Whiter to give a So^
cialist lecture in the Opera House,
which the members by vote unanimously decided to do. This1 is the
best stroke of business the Local ver
did. Get organized on the political
field as well as the. industrial should
be our slogan. We know, or ought to
know, what we can expect from, either
the Conservatives or Liberals. A
■White <B. C.'andi two years in the pen..
are pretty good samples';    . , ;
♦
MICHEL NOTES
'Nat Evans and Ben Lewis, former
-residents of Michel, are .paying their
.numerous friends a .visit. •
•Pred Grtdget, of Pnanbrook, who has
been spending a vacation in Alberta,
dropped off here on: Tuesday last to
*pmy his sister,. Mrs. Carnage, a" visit.
Born, oni Oct. 28th,.to Mrs. James
Walsh, a daughter. ■ Mother and child'
are doing iwell. "•'
Bora, ..to Mr. and Mrs.., Joe Travis
jr., Oct.. 24t'h;" a daughter. The population of Michel is-increasing splendidly..-  '     '    .   ■ .
J.' B. Smith; president of District 18,
paid^ this .camp a' visit on Thursday
last to take up matter with a local'
■Blairmore during the meek, where he
has secured the position of master mechanic   .
Contractor Palmer is removing his
large bridge that was across Old Man
liver. This bridge was erected to
move the town of Frank across on;
evidently all of it that will move has
mowed .before tills.-
'• Mrs. ,Geo.' Pattinson returned to her
home here irom Vancouver last Thursday. '-",,,,.
, .Mrs. C, Kent and Mrs. T. Aikens, of
Millet, Alberta, spent a few daj'B in
town this week on their way from the
Coast. iWhile here they were the
guests of the hitter's daughter, Mrs.
(Rov.) Wm. T. Young.
Miss Shamrock, of England*, who has
been th© guest of Mrs. Jolley hero for
some months, left on Friday, for her
home in the old land.
■Mr. Samson, the school inspector of
Macleod district, spent Tuesday and
\Vedne6day*ln town in the interests of
the scliool. •
The little baby boy of Mr. Souklrk
died on .Monday morning last and was
ibursiedi in the Blairmore cemetery at 3
o'clock oh-Wednesday.   '
■Born, on Wednesday*. 22nd of October, 1913, to Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Tompkins, a -son.
Born, on Friday last, to Mr. and
Mrs*. W. Kroll, a son.
, Alex Schmidt returned from his trip.
•to the United States on last Saturday's
flyer.
'Frank Ornst is at present ..visiting
his family jn towni For some months
he has 'been on his farm at Enderby
and expects to move his family to that
place after awhile.   ... ;  • "
. Mrs. Wright, yas up from Macleod
on .Friday visiting Mrs. /Mark {Drumm*.
A -few things have happened around
here'during the-last two years that
would shake an. ordinary man's faith
to some geologists. The Turtle mou'n*-
tain has' been practised, on by everybody interested in rock formation;
tliey , have given statements to the
press and as a result of wide publication 'Frank town, is dead. Two years
ago a government geologist examined
the north peak of the Turtle and put
in his report that Lt iwas dangerous*.
.The government-went to a lot of expense to toy to get the people out of
tills impending --danger, ordered the
people -away, etc. Now the same man
has paid another visit and the press
•has .brought -back th© report that it
is no longer dangerous. Has the mountain changed-or has tfhe geologist
changed his Ideas? The matter is too
serious to make light, of. Numbers of
men who, had saved'a little for old age
acre penniless, the town has 'been put
bo .big- expense/ and is practically
dead; half *ofNit is moved to. the geologist's imaginary safety zone, andl
the otiher half is nearly closed up, the
government has ■ voted1 thousands of
-dollars as-a-means-to-save-life against-
■ At the -regular meeting of tie Beaver Mlnea Local on Sunday, several
■matters of "Importance were dealt with
the firSt .being the formation of a sick
and accident club, and as the result
of, the -ballot taken on the 23rd inst.
showed 54 votes in favor with four
against, there was nothing for it but
to get" busy with its formation. After
appointing a committee to consider
rules and',other matters of detail, it
was -unanimously agreed to run a
smoker on Saturday evening, Nov. lst,
■for tliis clubs benefit and as the ima-n-
agement'of the new hall -have given
its free use for that occasion there
should be something doing.
<, "The. doctor question ihas been 'rather a,ticklish one here for a long
time, ah*d»tbat the (present medical
gentleman is somewhat unpopular
with some of the members, .was very
much In' evidence at last Sunday's
meeting. The workmen employed in
and about th© mine here have $1.50
collected, from their earnings every
month arid this money Is paid over to
Dr. Connor, Pincher Greek, who has
held the practice here almost since the
mines were opened. Dr. Conhor, who
is .recognized as one of the cleverest
surgeons in this part of .the Dominion,
ls very popular with the workmen, but
as it is impossible for him to give personal attention to ail cases, h© employs a qualified doctor to represent
him at 'the camp and also provides a
temporary hospital -here. Of course
all serious cases are taken at .the doctor's expenses.to Pincher Creek ihos^
pltal', and attend to by Dr. Connor himself. 'Now, .whether Dr. Delaney, who
represents Dr. Connor at Beaver merited the charges that >were .brought
against' lilm or not, .we are not in a
position to say, but as -the meeting on
Sunday was scarcely a representative
one,- it-'was agreed, to call a' public
meeting and to invite Dr. Delaney to
attend, so that his accusers will have
an opportunity of .repeating in ihis ipre-
s-ence what Whey ihave been saying in
his absence. The meeting, of course,
could then decide what'action, if any,
would1 ibe taken in the matter.
Number 2 South mine A level hns
■been cloeod down, throwing quite ix
number of mon temporarily out of cm-
ploymont. Many. are * the conclusions
•arrived at oo to tho why and whore-
foro but. the .company, no doubt, know
thoir own business boBt. Con-aMorlng
tho nature of -tho seams and tho niitm-
ibor of mon who havo boon -steadily
omployod ln dt for tlio past 'flvo yonr-a,
thin mino has boon remarkably froo
from accidents, not on of a fatal! nature having occurred, and vory fow
tliat'havo ovon been serious. We won*
dor If thoro io such anothor parallel
an this part of tho country.
Colorado Walker, of Nanaimo, will
glvo n Socialist locturo tn tho Opom
Houso Monday, Novombor 3, ■cornrmono
ing at 7.30, Hvoryono is (heartily wol-
corned, Comrado Walkor haB .tho reputation of bolng a forcible speaker
■and will glvo Wio workors of Hosmor a
llttlo insleht into tlio doeporato mo-
thodo thot M'ollrldo, Bowser & Oo.
h-avo Injected Into tho Island strlko
to mako tho mlnorB' position iiMon-
ablo, Mr, Greou has granted Uio
froo ubo of tho Opera Houbo for tho
oocaulon, for which coucgbsIoii tho
■Socialists of Hosmor aro truly thankful.
Mr. and Mm. A. L, Fortlor havo returned' from n sojourn in Plnchor
Crook.
Tho nftornoon ohlft ln No. 0 South
hnd to rotiunn homo Saturday last o\v-
, Ing to tlvo .breakdown of tlio hoist.'
Tho ronoml mooting of tho AtliloUo
Awiocl-Mlon, whioh  wa» eollod  for
Wodnoodwy last nt 8 p.m., was woll nt-
tended, four of tho oxocutlvo bolng
tho frixo of tbo crowd that turnod up.
Ilosm-oritae generally would rathor «lt
buck and oritioleo, no tho mooting ro-
Bolvod ittolf Into a owwnlttoo mooting
at which ilt wan decided to parclmso
fuel and Htfht* and mako arrango*
monto to havo tho Wl fyoatoil ovony
(Mondny, Wednesday nn«J(: Saturday, A
' '^"•t'S rlr.s «»i!'f r.!r: I; T!::t- up, ii-
.  you oiwi oonvo punch ono nnoMier to
your h<nm"H content.  •
Tho ladles of tbo Prosbytedati
Church «avo an afternoon t«& on
Thunwhvy lft*t.
A faw of our oltison» aro oontom-
pluting a monstor entortalnmont of
wmitt 0(«ortiji*l4oti, -the proowds to bo]
.,, towards iMWidinB children ot tho Inland vtiitkora 'With n fow -extra* suoh
an Idd* alw«y« look forward to rocoiv-
ing,at CJurtotraaii time. Thl* 1» a
Id/udablo object and lt Is to tw .hoped
ipl&us imUMriailio. Morrltt .miner* havo
alrMUly forwarded $425.00, Not bail
for an unorgaaiKod camp, Surety tho
-cltlreiui ti Ho«m«r oan fall Into lino.
Kr. uiul Mitt. Kto«**m* aru ««ain re-
portoKi in tlhe war*. Tliey woro Jointly
©hinted with trying to knock tho
' daj3i«ht oat of a Ohlnk nnd fined tea
and coat* by Judge Brown.
iHo*ntor ie to havo danco* galore
II»l!o*o't« slgbt. If* a i»Uy things
■mnV. ht* a«ni»«wf trffhont nn much
clashing.  la this Uiie town lh«re'*
comimilttee regardihg the new seam, in
3'East.      '   ^
iWe are glad-to .report that Henry
Miller has, recovered., from an operation tor appendicitis and has resumed
iworlc "hauling .posts for the mine.
Jack Tantrum and his friend M. Dav-
yl-tt have returned' here and' are now
working in old No.-3*mlne:";   ;
*We are glad to report that John
Meadows, of 'Michel, who was (hurt
about 'six months ago in No.. 3 mine,
was awarded $1,000 under the Employers Liability Act. We understand that
every effort was made by the officials
of the coal company to defeat 'this
clalim,
Mr. ^Robert Yates: and nephew made
oi successful hunting trip In the Plat-
head, district, returning hero on Wed*
nesd-ay last.
Wo regret our friend T. P. (our local Caruso) hato lost voice and i't 1s
feared • ho will not bo ablo to render
any of his beautiful solos ln future.
A miner working in old No. 3 -who
was accused ot stealing anothor man's
cor, left tho camp on Tuesday last. Al*-
though tho matter was brought to the
attention of tho proper auMiorltleu no
offont iwas mode to prosecute him. Wo
should llko to know tho reason why.
FJd. Hayon, tho flro boss of No. 3
mino, whilo out fishing on Sunday Jawt,
camo across a mountain lion. Tod became wet with perspiration owing to
iliaviln« no firearms and fearing tho
animal might attack him, hut thanks
to his frlond, Prunk Dickie, who enmo
nlong nt tho tlmo, thoy managed to
drlvo tho animal from under somo 'logs
with isomo good stout clubs and after
•plucking up oourago to -mako a closer
'Inspection tho torrlble .mountain Hon
turnod out to bo Goo. Stoadman's St.
Bernaird dog.
A long folt necessity ia bolng pro-
vlded by tho B. C. Government by putting In sidewalks In New Mlchol, but
It Booms' it hns brought on qulto a con*-
trovorsy botwoon tho Bonrd of Tnido
and tho Inhabitants on ono sido, and
tho Tr!te*8»Woo<! Co, on tho other,   It
•appears tlint tlio  Trlton-Woo* Co.,
when building tliolr storo, ralflod It
about four -foot nbovo th© level of tho
•nitroot, .*o that tlioyi may hnvo miffl-
olont collar *pnco, In ordor to got Into
tho storo thoy havo built a four-foot
•platform on  tlio (lovornmont road
whoro tho sidewalk should bo,   This
liocoa-sliatos tho sidewalk being built
awund ttio "platform. It «trlln» us as
1>ecul!nr  thnt tho  Trites-Wood  Oo.
■sliould 1k» ffrnntod porson ill prlvilogos,
wlillo othor rntcpayor* had fo -submit
to/having pnrt of their lot tnlcoiv away
'tto as to enable them fo havo tho Mldo-
walk nuulo stroinliit. What makes mint.
tore wowo Is that tho hydrant In front
of tho Trites-Wood platform Is pro.
trudlng through tho sldowalk, tnalclng
It a oourco of dawgor to podo*lrlaiV8
passing' that particular placo 1n tho
of tho rntopayors of N«w MI«hol hn*
inwii pieiwmed to tho Oovornmont
agent In Fornlo calling bis attention to
this -mtutter.
thif 'seeming catastrophe, and now all
leann that there -was no danger at all'
The majority of the residents here
might have advised -."the wise men
from the east" of this fact, if they had
consulted with them.
The store formerly used by S.'J.
Watson is now. (being torn down.    \
BEAVER MINE8 NOTE8
Mr. James Crawford, iwho removed
to Bellevue a few weeks ago, returned
to 'Beaver on Tueskliay. ■ Whether Die
will remain' or not .we cannot say, 'but
next' to Bonnie Scotland Jim thinks
there is no plaice like Beavey.
Mr. jM. Torpy, of Torpy & Oairooron,
Pioneer Hall 'proprietors, has taken
unto himself a wife, and wo all wish
him and his wife joy .and happiness.
The wedding took '.place at the R,-C.
Church, Pilnchor Crook, on Tuesday,
itlio 28th tilt. The happy bride, whose
maiden name was Florence Hanpor,
was given away by her father, whilst
Mr. John Braimff was host man and
Miss Katie Cyr did honors as bridesmaid. Several handsome and valuablo
presents were given to .tho ,'lmppy
couplo, who ieft by train on Tuesday
ovonlng for a short honeymoon.
Mr. and Mrs. Prank Nicholson had
born ainto thorn last weok a baby, but
as It wns of premature birth it did not
live. Love's -lmbor lost. As It was
their first wo all sympathize with tho
young parents and' wish thorn hotter
luck noxt time.
Tho res-tilt of tho reforondunu ballot
for continuing tho 50 conts levy ro-
sultod aa follows: In favor, Ml
against, 13; spoiled, 1; total 58,
COALHURST NEWS ♦
We are pleased to report that Peter
Melting-is again attending his duties
as fire (boss and has .practically recovered from tbe injuries received in the
mine on,the 19th of September.
•The mine is working every day and
the company are still putting on a
few men while quite a number just
have a look, below, and then pull out
The output is graduiaflly .going up and
the record ,of last winter has .been
'passed .by. a hundredtoms..
—^George GaTaluct'was'brought'up'on.t
of the mine on Monday' after receiving injuries while following ibis occupation as a driver! ..He was attended
first 'by the mine doctor and then taken to the 'hospital'." The, extent of his
injuries are not made known yet.
'Louohle MoMlM-an/lias left the mine
tor, a brakeman Jo^p^jOi^ surface. "He
says'he'feels more*mS.,home at this
work. '■'••    .: ■■.. '• ,'■;.•■*,..
,. Billy Mclnnes hasjnvested in an up-
to-date driving outfit' which he says
.will do fairly good .time, and if anybody wants to try ..what it can do to
challenge Mm on a mile or two If they
put up the money they v$Yl get the
sport alright. ■••
Joe McDonald was away this week
after ducks. • '^Vo .hear tihe boys at tho
hotel 'had a big feed* as. the result,
♦ ' '♦
♦ , Coalhurst Local Union*Notes   ♦
Beaver Mines Local Union
♦
♦
t"r> * \l,t    .,^9..
t  l.n.ll.   .w | I.
Dr. nm! Mrs, McKay wpent Thanks
giving nt Nanton.
Tho family of Mr. J. Itood hnvo boon
quarantined for scarlet fever.
Mr. Wm. Slmpton has ro»l«n«l tits
position m engineer in tho local pow.
r*r iplnnt nti*\ M* tnlw»n n nlmlfar one
'n thtt Rocky Mountain Cement -pliwit
at Wslrmorw. li
Dr. Mfttoolmaon, of Bdmonton, was
in town laxt week -looking aftor bl*
buslneM interest*.
Mexsm. W. Ilort and- V. Poch woro
in from their North Fork farm* durtn*
thtt wank wml r«iK>rt good «rop*.
Mr. R. Larre moved hi* fsmlly to
For sovoral months 'post gront did-
satisfaction has oxlstod In tills Ix>ca1
on account of the mantior In which
our business hixtt boon handled1 liy
Palmer ft Mcl-ollnud, soMcltors, otc,
for l)l«trlct 18. In wto oarly part of
this yoar two men named Allan Mc-
Donlnld and Patrick Ilyau' ivoro killed
In the mino horo, Tho mattor wne (it
onco placod In the hnmlo of tho oollc-
dtor* iiametl, but wo woro novor ablo
to got aby satisfaction from thorn with
reference to a settlement, When written to wo always got, tho old fltoclt-lu-
trade rwply, "wu uro moving in the
mattor," or "going to movo in. tlio mat.
tor." Lllco Punch's mothor in iho
Punch and Judy show, "Thoy are coining to enmo,"
Six months ago a man nnmod Nick
Bfltlnovlrh 1o«t n fl*m»f>r \*n i\it* ni*,^**'!..
ot lido employment, and ns tho mult,
iivca uii it*iii)* ior (luite u W-tiilo. The
catto was put In tlio hands of our
solicitors, and as $27.00 wa* tho bmt
or/or tho insiiranot) company would
mako, ho was adviBOd by thorn not to
accept it.   Towards the end of AiiKiirt
w. Ijjiini,, *wN,i-utM,Ty mul h )Btu»r from
thorn which was read nt a mooting,
stating thnt tho wise would como boforo tho Pincher Crook oourt on Sep*
'letrtbor Oth, Not ftonrlng nny thing fur-
ther from thorn, Batlnovloh attendod
the oourt ns advised, only to find thnt
ho wa* there on a -fool's orrnnd. Ve*)-
litft dlKg*ust«<l wHh tho bueincBO, lie
placed hi* «nso In tho hands of Hnrch-
m<ir A .MarWu, -solicitor*, -btc, K«rmlo,
nnd In a fortnight'* 'timo had a cluxino
from thorn for |6i,2Ji, Iom their ox-
pense^ IH.2B,  liatincvieh'* exponios
In oonnootkm with attending the Pin-
«1ier Oreok court wore It0.and tills
should have bp*n made good hy the
•oUcitor* on <who««» nAilen hn wont
At Sunday's meetlnig it was decided
to start a sick bon'eflt club and. a com-
miltteo of flvo was daily nppolntod1 to
gather Information and present a ire-
port at the next meeting,
After quite tx lengthy discussion, lt.
was finally agreed that our day of
meeting should too altered from Sunday nftornoon to Friday night, and
that meetings bo hold altdrnntely the
Friday might boforo pay day, so that
anyone having grievances with UioIt
fltatomontB miny bo ablo to .present
thorn to tho mooting1 without delay,
' Tho concept committee roportod
having a complete program ready for
the 17th of Novombor and a big night
Is oxpoctod by all. Watch for posters
which aro oxpoctod. to bo out In a fow
days nnd dig down in your Jeans and
buy a ticket. You lenow whero the
imono'y Is going.
A motion was put, which got an
oa»y seconder and carried by a solid,
voto, that a commltteo bo appointed to
•bo called an entertainment commlttoo
ito ihavo a program ready ovory moot-
tiiig night .to follow Immediately aftor
•tho rogular order ot buslnoss ha« boon
gone throiifflu flo don't forgot thot
aftor Wio Ihufulnoss a concert for all
absolutely froo,
♦ ♦■
♦
PA8813URQ AND DISTRICT
By Observer
Jowph Cocoolo, an Italian minor employed nt ihe Davenport colliery, rn-
oolvodi slight injuries to tho head on
Wednesday*, Dr Boll attendod and
dressoil the .wounded man and lie Is
•progrosslng as favorably as can bo
■oxpoctod,
Tho PasHbprg Presbyterian ntlnlstor
I .,       11 ,** 9     , <*      ,
• ml        ,>-*_.,        "..       ».,L,       *.H,,U*.*.,dl       4UMU       W      4t*m*
ithnr thrt wtrnv-«vl «hw>,p Into iho trthi
on Hundny ovonlng. Tho Ob»ervor was
very pleased to seo a twelvo yoar*
straywl ono taking part In the singing
«f Humlny evening's worvlro, Consistent work nnd tlmro ts no doubt In my
mind thnt rthn Chnrrli will b<* nttwirturl
to Ms fullest capacity. During tho
wook 'wo could .possibly havo ono or
■two lecturoB or a dobnto on 'subjects
in which nil.of us aro Interested,
Hollo, you fellow*, Romombor tho
entertainment at Durmlfl on Novombor
7th; Bring all your friond* and onjoy
a Rvwwl tlmo.   Don't forRvif fhn date.
I an* perfectly In accord with tho
views of nom© of tfitt <wr<»pandftnt*
to iho Uilgw regarlng the nick and
accident -society ,ln oonfi<«tlon with tho
Locnl Unions at various cnmp* in tho
district, briloving thst tho above socloty should be established permanently
In ovwy Local Union, each mombor
to <pny » uniform rate throughout tho
Motrfrt    It thfi wan aouo -at, tould
retaihi (his membership when leaving
one camp to another. In my opinion
the question of establishing a permanent society witlhin our organization
wili 'be brought about at our next annual International convention. It is, we
•believe, the intention of .the International Executive Board to recommend
to bur membership the advisaibilSty of
forming and enacting laws to govern
the (benefit society and whereby entrance fees and dues cojild be collected constitutionally and have a perma:
■nent society formed within our constitution to prevent so much heckling
over fifity cents a month. We cannot
expect a thorough organization in any
society unless it be constitutional Further, I may say that while District 18
has its own autonomy District 18 cannot permanently form the above soci-
elby without .the sanction of the International Union, and to gain this end
we must advocate tliis in our Locals
and at the convening of our International Convention present resolutions
favoring the formation of a permanent
institution of this kind. I trust that
we shall hear more about it. I am
sorry, being a goat, I cannot combat
witih-this man they call English. „
Again the Observer is in such a predicament tbat he cannot say' "Jaw!"
'very weil, bolng a strong advocate of
open dtoor. Yes, I love publicity, but
we are not, through open doors, over
anxious to learn who took saw 129
and so tonfch. We can obtain sufficient
of that kind of life at the'pit head and
elsewhere to carry oui; .successfully
and; intelligently the proposition advocated Iby the editor some time ago.
Now I must have with me Webster's
Dictionary*, CushSng's Manual, also
Roberts' Rules of Orders, International and District Constitutions, the Local Union By-laws, 1911 to 1915 Agreements, Doctors' Agreement, Wash-
house (I mean Cool Mines Act, Com-
pemsaitiion Liability) • and Master and
Servants Act' If this is not enough
publicity to satisfy a suffragette then
.the Observer will quit talking and
have saw 129 to, .settle it
Mr. W. Duncan, the genial manager
of the Passburg 'Hotel, accompanied by
McDonald1 T. Stencik and D. Bissett,
were visitors at the Frank Sanitarium
on Sunday.
It seems nowadays, that in order to
sell a ihouise you .must, Have your
thinking cap on. The other day a
man in Passburg was going to. sell,
out house included. . 'But it appears
Owing to the great stringency in the
money market .that this' person was
advised .to insert 'an ad. in. some of the
(papers. Anyhow, he did not comprehend' very well and decided, to add
■tiwo tooairds, one on each, side of the
■house,' and with a bottle of Ink wrote
ibhe following: "For Sale." ■ (Try a
classified ad. in Ledger.—EW.)
Mr. Harry Blake journeyed to the
North^Fork-on-a-rabbit-hunfreturning
ihome with as many.as*he could pack
and a few attached to the end of a
nope, which Harry trailed along the
enow. .
Which of the Passburg. boys invited
a young, woman, to a dance recently
and, upon the invitation being accepted, presented' himself with a suit of
clothes that were a little-soiled'. , Unfortunately the young .woman was
greatly disappointed.,, However, .these
lunfortunate mishaps' will occur, do
what you like to prevent them'.
Mr. Samuel Jennings and family left
Passburg on Saturday to taik© up thoir
new home at Blairmore, where h© is.
now employed.'
Miss Nettie Hop© . and her ■ two
younger slaters from1 Calgary are staying at the 'Passburg Hotel. The burg
ls a beautiful place.
Mr, It. Jones and Woosnam, of Coleman, have commenced to .work at tho
Paissburg colliery. As Bob has .been
working under a good roof for a con-
Olderablo time, wo warn him beware
of the cap rock.
J. T. has In his possession a ipalr of
dancing shoes, specially made for
heavy work, and when th© heels como
In contact with itho floor ho receives
a slight current of electricity, which
tends to cause the special ones to
ralso about three feet off the floor.
Jloo claims they aro tho beet ever Invented. Thoy aro also used as an
anti-fat remedy. Whon tliis 1s completed tho boys aro afraid that thoy
will bo cut out one by one. Qh, Joo,
don't.
Wo are glad' to Inform tho readers
of tho Lodger that Mr. D. Plcton has
fully recovered from the shock which
ho rocolved whon attending tho ontor-
talnmont of a newly married couplo a
faw weeks ago, Koop dancing with tho
brldo, Dan. <
J. ID. Smith, District President, and
D. Boob, International lloarrt Member,
woro In, 'nttondnnco at a mooting of
Local 2820, Mnplo Uoat, on Sunday
morning .last. We would appreciate
vory much thoir compnny If thoy could
poBBlbly attend all our meetings, although wo fool gratified to hear thnn
on tills occasion,
l^rank Cain, tho gonial mlxoloR\l«t of
the Pa-H&burg Hotol, was during tlio
past wook In a good humor and tho
awoll woo vory noticeable through tho
mirror. Laugh and tho world will
laugh with you, says Frank.
Tho PnsHhurir Mnlo Volco Party are
piYwmwmlng with tliolr work' fairly woll
in iproparlng for 12th of Novombor
concort. Tho sovoral soloists nro also
doing woll. Kd, Thomas claims that
with a llttlo more pmctlco ho will bo
In as wood form as ovar und nnyono1'
who known 10t!. or hns hoard him sing
will bo woll mublBflod that ho ranks
among tho top nolchom In this country, liowovor, It 1b to bo^hopml that
thoro will bo a good nudlonco on tho
U'flt tn further onoourni-v** thn bm»n. In
tliolr work.
'We .regret the departure of Messrs. J
Ooadyand McVicar to the Pacific coal
fields. The (boys were such jovial com-
panyand served to make things Interesting diuring their occasional visits
to the townsite. • ,
♦ ♦
♦ :     LETHBRIDGE NOTES ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
I
The harvest being practically over,
there is a good number of homesteaders returning to tihe mines. Some of
the, older hands at once signed up in
the union, but the majority have the
same old excuse, "Oh, I am only going
to stay for two or threo -months and
need all the money I can get!" and no
matter -what argument is put up to
them it is of'no avail. It will ever be
the same on the prairie until we are
In a different -position than what wo
are now. Tlie output at both mines
is increasing daily.
.For a considerable time the checkweighman . at No. 6 mine ihad complaints from -Nik Hoskoki that he was
losing cam. Being unable to speak
English*, it was a difficult matter to
understand the reason. Ultimately the
devised a means of finding t-he reason
himself. iHe got several sheets of (paper with his number, HO, done in plain
figures with indelible pencil, and took
them to tihe dumper on top and ex-'
.plained what he intended to do. Before nine o'clock that morning his
■paper was found on-one side with Another man's- check on the other. The
oheckweighman at once began to investigate the matter and it was -found
he had lost from August 6th to October 15bh twenty cars. The matter was
at once put into- the hands of .the R.
N. W. M.-P., who, afteT making further inquiries, arrested a man by name
bf Fred Bolokoski, He worked in an
entry, and according "to the company's
measurements and estimates, the coal
■sent to top with his checks on is far
in excess of the possible turn out of
any entry, the average being in-and
around one ton to the foot. Bolok-
oskl's entry shows that for 60 feet
driven he has 91 tons,' .which is over
one and a half tons to the foot. He
was tried before the authorities in
charge at the R. N. W. M. P. Barracks,
and deft over to the Supreme Court,
which sits,here next week. Undoubtedly our'sympathy is swith his wife
and children but someone had to be
made an example of, as this kind of
thing h!as,.gone on year after year.
The referendum vote in connection
with the electric lamps was taken at
No. 6-mine on Monday, when'the ballots .showed that more than twethirds
were in favor ofthe lamps.
Street talk has It going that some
.of—the-present-ald.ermen-intwd—running   for   Commissioner ■ of   Public
Works, and as tiaras oan,-be learned
the north aide committee are endeav
oring to influence the ratepayers to
go in -holos -bolos for one particular
-alderman. It seems that ithe/ think
that any Tom, Dick or Harry is oapa-
ble of tilling this position, as his du- '
ties .will only be supervising the lay-,
ing of sidewalks, sewerage, boulevards, iparks, etc., when to my>.niin*d,
and if the ratepayers would only give
utiis matter a moment's consideration
they would understand th&t it takes
a civil engineer to fill the bill, and that'
it is up .to them to see that they get
one, and a good one at that, for the
salary paid.   "'
It is only two weeks since I remarked dn these columns the necessity for
a bank on the north side of the city.,
It Is gratifying that'already this requirement Is being met by the opening
oi a Oran-ch of uie Standard Banking'
Coy. In the Adams block this week.
This being an entirely new bank in the
city it may bo an uphill struggle with
them to get established, but it ls to
'be hoped that both the -merchants and
residents of the north side will give
them their patronage  when  ln  due
(Continued on page four.)
THE FIRST BIG GUN
of the Big Sale of the Brlsco
Stock' ■;   ■   ;•' ■
will be fired Saturday
Nov. 1st
at nine o'clock a.m.
Sell Everything
is the orders. The mammoth
stock must be reduced and drastic measures adopted to do it.
It will take a bargain scramble
to move the mountain of cer-
chandise. But our prices will
do it We have priced it so extremely low that you can well
afford to borrow the money to
get it. Never in all your life's
experience have you witnessed
a sale like this.   Come.
Stuart Sure Selling Service
Selling stock of
R. M.BRISCO
~~Blafrmurg"
Po*t Alberni
Lots in District Lot 121. Prices and terms reasonable. Lots
from ?150 up, not in Townsite but adjoining; within one and a half
mile circle. ."
Send for 'booklet endorsed by. tho Port Alberni Board of Trade.
The PAYNE.BENSON Co.
409 Dawson Building
Vancouver, B. C.
A. I.BLAIS
Grocer
Wo carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103       :':        Frank, Alta.
it
T. M. THOMPSON CO.
"The Quality Store*'
^mmmmmm
♦ ♦
♦ P0CAH0NTA8 NOTES        ♦
♦iT^i «I°l!T?i!,,0PWrar* W«K°I«« «*•»»* Provide a member with u mem
to wi «p with Uils tm.mt*Tit. borthlp ennl or transfer In" wSTo
J'
Tho mino Is working a llttlo moro
•toady, four days being work-wl Inst
wook. It l« rumored thnt. sufficient
cars will lw suppll-rd hnnooforth to
work hor nt lonst flvo dnys jK>r weok.
Mr, flco. Hoyor him sovorcil his con«
Motion with tho ronl compnny horo.
.Mr.,Bu>or toft on lh« Haiur.l.iy night,'
train for Edmonton.
Tlm rfnnrtn>7 flln"i <v1" frmlnntr on
Wort-nradny. nox*t, ns Prof. Morrison
will bo leaving town pn routo for tho
Grow'* Nest Pass, where h" Intends
conducting a dnnelng cln/m In ono of
tho camps nlong that linn.
Now, Jsirk, we don't oh'wt to turn-
ing tho ringer and *i>lltilnir up tlio
kindling wood (or-her, but tor )\wv«n's
*nk* don't -huy the range. <*per|«lly
during theso dull tlmr*.
V
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Crockery, Boots & Shoes
Sovoral shipments or new poods to hand
tiiin *,iftt*it
Sec our splendid assortment of Crockery,
whioh Is now on view in our ne*' show
room.
.Swj aiwi iho special display of Croston
grown V-pgolnbles, on vlow in our window,
during thin week, Leave uh your orders
for anything you requiri; and wo guarantee
to give you satisfaction.
\
/
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
Th« stotm Thnt Snv«n Vou Money
Phone 25      Victoria St.        Blairmore, Alta.
Vi: -,»-^.'_.T^w»<n*a«^»l..
.-Nl
' "\-l"~ ,*
^'--V   ■''■'--: ':"-'* K Xl^A^X'-^ A1 As*
*age six;
THE DISTRICT LEDGER/FERNIE,; B.C., NOVEMBER 1, 1913.- -.f -.,». ^ ;j^..
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
9
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every. Wednesday
evening at S o'clock in K. P.
Hall.
/Noble Grand, A. Prentice.    l
Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
FORESTERS
Meet at Aiello's Hall second'" and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box ,657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at S
p.m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton.
K. of It. S., Chas. Uuhrer.
M. of F„ Itobt. Dudley.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meet  every, Monday  at S
p.m. In K. of P. Hall.
gl Dictator, T. Uphill..
|jj ■ Secretary, W. F, Vance.
^gaasasgaasaagsgsfggsasaBgsBsast
The IJnderground War
BY L.T, ENGDAHL
DR.   JOHN   BARBER,   DENTIST
Office:  Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
"    Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE        .   '    . X .        .     , B. C.
ALEXANDER  MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:   Eckstein  Building,
Ftrnie, B.C.
P. C. Lawe
LAWE & FISHER
'  ■ ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
Alex. I. Fisher
Southern
-H-O-^-E-L-
.    BELLEVUE, ALBERTA
I
Sverv
convenience
and
attention
Meals that taste liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
Pa,y
Rea&t?
When you can own
your own home?
Wc have for sale
Lots in town ancl Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. Wc
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AGENTS POR
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
James-Keir -Hardie, veteran ,*coal
ihiiver -aid Socialist, .-stood aghast in
■the streets of Dublin; Ireland, only the
oUier day and asked.the workers of
ithe British Isles, "Is 'this America?"
Uo had reference to the manner dn
which .the mailed.fist of .Uie law was
being used against the street car strikers in Dublin in behalf of the exploit-
ers. Handle, has' been in the United
States several times'. He knows of
the bitter struggle between capital
and labor in tho nation to which the
Britisher refers as "The States." He
recognizes ty.rajnny when.he sees it.
Yet. it'lle American worker seems to
thrive on his "Siberia's".'and "Little
Russias." For out of the anarchy *Mia.t
the Wood-smeared hand of capitalism
has made of law and order there has
risen resplendent "the greatest labor
orf-jauizatlon the world .has over
known.
I refer to tlie dual alliance between
ithe United Mine "Workers of America
•and the "Western Federation of Miners
in the 'inining department of ihe Amer-
-ican Federation of Labor. In carrying
.Uie .torch of civilisation upward and
onward among the workors of the
world 'thee (wo organizations are as
one. They have cemented five hundred -tliouswiMl toiling men into a,Veail
"one big union" wn.d declared a peaceful, educational war for the remaining
half miilli'on men who -toil "in and
around the mines," coal -and metal, in
the United Stages.
This war of the workers under*-
•fiTouiiid .is a vvomlerful thing. It lis
the 'enlightenment of- the future conquering tho, darkness of .fhe past. No
bigger struggle for -humauity'-s rights
was ever declared, Justice never .before put as much inthe balance.
> The bituminous coal miners am supreme.in'five states of Illinois, Indiana,
Ohio and in western Pennsylvania. It
is the nucleus of the strength of the
United .Mine Workers. When the .mine
worker parleys with mine owner these
states include what is known as the
"central .competitive field."
The wages,' hours and conditions of
labor in these four states are the basis
.for iiegoitii'ati'ons' in other .states. What
tlve Illinois, Indiana. Ohio and western
Pennsylvania, bituminous miners have'
won. ithe soft coal miners of the other
states of tho nation are out to 'win and
ithe 'battle begins.
■No .civil war general on the Northern side ever scanned the map of the
"Solid South" with greater desire for
victory-than do the generals of 500,-
000 miners. The story of -how West
Virginia has ljeen partially won ha.s alj
ready been written big in the nation's
■newspapers and magazines, in count
records. 'Congressional proceedings, in
pamphlets and in books. To the south
of itihait 'lies Old Virginia where umion
miners 'are unknown, where the .chattel slav.e bas become the industrial
wage slave and sti-M languishes in bondage. ,  -,
-To the south of Illin'ois and Indiana
is Kentucky.   The mi ners'-union fore-
_ir-u*s_1i,a \'j*.-nt*rtet*ojl-.t.ha. Ollir\_,rll*'J3-,*._0iTljl*_nilfr.
—*\, ij~.* .u T *r~ vi-« .rtsi^ti- v„ v- »-* .» . v**- . . , ^r.—». •» *» - v..^
Dime Grass1 state is being rapidly won.
Tbe .campaign .stretches to Tennessee
ami Alabama along the mountain ranges and the hills whero coal i.s found
and miners are held in subjection. The
H'lnve wiie.li these two abates miust Fall
into the .hand's of the United Mine
Workers is numbered in months.
"" Then will follow immediately the
Western Federation to organize the
metal miners, for in Alabama'aad Ten-
meFreec, coal and iron go hand in hand.
To ithe southwest of tiie "central
competitive Md"' are the 'coal producing states of Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and' Texan. There nre .some
coal -roinens iii"a.ll of these .states and
wheal 1hey are referred to In the
councils of the mino workers they are
known as "the soutlMve-storn .states1."
John II. Walker, formerly president
ofthe IMI noi a miners, hns just returned from this field nnd announces new
vtatopies. The Western. Fodwaiflon
Ivfiis just triumphed In tho lead milnos
of Missouri,
Going westwards wo find the coal
nil .vera organized In Wyoming nnd
Ment nn a. The frontier Is down In Col-
cnwlo, X.ew /Mexico nnd Utah, What
West Virginia is to the Bast, Colorado
lislothe West.
It Is iu .thoni> wi me mountain") thnt
tlm Western Foil prut I on plans iwiMeii-t-
lv for bigger victories, While It. iR
strong In Montana -awl Arizona, .tliprn
Is much 'to fight for in Colorado, Utah
anil Nevada.
On llm Pacific ennst the conl miners
hive  alTi'iigtli 'In   Washington'  whilo
If   ,       V
IF YOU DONT
Fie-ilve Th* Uda»r don't blam* ua
WlteH tht data ef th* •xplrttlsn •*
Ui* ***«• labtt tenulnlnj your •#•
tfrm.
they urn giving tlm co;il bnrons Hie
1>mM1o of their lives In Vaiuwiverl-M-
land, t.lm rlcli coal -producing appI-Ioii
tit llrltlsh Columbia. 'Nio WcwtPrn
l-VdernMon la fighting -brnwly. iu Al-
nslia when* .llm coal minora will follow
Juki, ns noon iih tlm furl niiimn urn
opened ti]) to any cnnsldprablo il<'Kivi>.
in .i.nit (ipo-si-i hnli<>rt it'Kion ihe \\ i'«.i-
ci'ii Kcdcriitlnii In now waging M'ii-r
wnr fnr nm»ti rv nn tlm MU'liiunn coi>-
lir.r range, to lm followed hy u cnin-
|i:il^n of tlm MU'liU-an tmd MIii.h'.hdIu
lr.i!>. raiiirrn. In tlie far i'mk-I tlio mill
iiiii.11). Iujjk' fur llm i» Ciipiiii »• nt \u\;i
Hiolla, Ciniiidd, which was lint, to
llii'iii ;i few yrai'rt lien. Tlie untlii'iiclte
I'k'dH of l*cnn ■•>Ivimla during tlm put-*
yivir havi! hei n nl mont imlWIv union.
WM.
Till I'l'  1.-4 DIM' IlllOt lli'l' H Ctlllll  Of  llll't
North Airmrloaii i-imMimnt. Hut It lina
not heen forgot tin. Tlm inlimrii have
t! i ir iluiiiili mi .V|i-.\li «i, too, iuul ulull
tlm right, tlum comcrt cn|iHnllini imiHt
g".
Bliop'ly nfter I>liu had beui mliftk'-n
ft Din IU Mnxl'iiii Hiroiio-iiinl Mu.leio
lm! ln>eu jilncwl tlmro In IiIh stead,
tlmro npprciml In Mexico Oity Uiivo
K'.i'.uigi rn. Tlu'V nought un liitmlmv
with tlm new.pn'Kldi.nt of Um ,M.»xU'nn
rnpiihllc.
That h
, I" 1     'I     *!*, I 11
I tin' l'wltfil Mint* W(>rk*nr«: .TohppIi I).
i Cummin nt ttlm SV<*>nu>ni Kwltiriiuou ot
, M!:!tT9, tti.'l "'llotlici" Jon- *, ot nil th,*
' rr*i!r.i"r* anriii* for tin* .nlvfrncn of ihn
! flair of nnloninm nerow tho Itlo
(irande nnd into tlio milling i~mi\\;>* of
I OM  M<'xk>o.    Tl»>r» wan not « lino
III ltd Ut    TII"!*     (■Ollll'lVtl'lV,     KII»III>1     Il'l
pf-aco nml unHghtfiitneiit for th« toll-
tin. In tlm jingoistic \,rtm»; at the* -timo
ravUiB for armwl Intcrrcutlcn uiul
notblnK lias been JWild ^-oncernlnij It
idnc-n.
U «-n» mon aftnr tiil» that tlm
«tr««nrth of th* Unltod Mli» Workom
wm dtttiKiniJoii in Wmi VirKim.i find
tho tlnhirtiHr fore* of tho W-flsU-ro Veil*
vAiUAuii t,9t,\U'.*l .ui CU', .W'... I.l. .uii
Wrwliam Oanyon, UUh. And tli*<n ..Ma.
dfro wm* tt*MM%lTttA«A. Tint lik^ wrv.
w)«iip» t$*« thl* ti** cmly ■jtiti-niKtUrily
h&lUnl Uw onuniTd sweep of Urn vie.
torlott* tiwdftTBiwirKJ wor tlmt iaiotm
no rwrtmn. no d#f-e*t, w. tmiAii-K bntli.
It wa* thm gmwttitt tlitit In tlw> hrnln
of the-Mexican .worker that forced Madera to declare to the representatives
of organized American miners that his
administration *wouW^ place no obstacle in tbe path of any effort tbat' might
be ma'de to organize the Mexican miners. Madera may be dead but the light
is penetrating deeper into the mind of
the working, class of Mexico and the
.right time to strike wiil soon eome.'
That is the underground war hi
birds-eye view as it sta-nds 'today on
the third greatest continent of the
world. . ''
"It as very significant'," said the
chairman of the "World's Alining Con-J
gross, that met in Europe last slimmer, "that we have with, us a repre-
serataftive of .the American miners;"
and tlie chairman referred to Charles
II. Moyer, president of the Western
Federation. It was' the ambition for
the world-wide solidarity of labor .that
spoke.
Fer oue fleeting moment listen to
the voice of the exploiter who Is nasi-
ing. "We will spend every cent we've
get and go bankrupt before we'll re-
■cognize the United -Mine Workers,of
Ameipica," said tlie mino owners of
West Virginia. Up in Michigan tiie
■copper barons declared, "We'll let the
grass grow In the streets before wo
wi'M give in to the Western Federation
■of Miners." Out in Colorado the mine
owners claim they will grant everything but tbe "recognition" of tho ahiln-
■ers' union. But all .that organized labor wants is "recognition." Once hav.
ing gained that it will t-ake care of fill
else.
The story is told of the pioneer Mor-
mons plodding tlieir ' westward way,
They came to Utah, built their 'homes
and began to till the soil in tlie vailey
.of the Xew .Tordan on the eastern
tali ores'of the Great Salt Lake.
Only.in their 'agricultural pursuits
did they disturb the ground1 u-pon
which they trod. They deemed it
sacrilegious ito rob the earth of its
hidden mineral wealth.
But capitalism knows no religion,
■and it soon followed' tlie Mormons into Utah .and went deep into the hills
■and mountains and brought forth
■miuch coal and copper and other min-
■eiflats resulting .in tiie ■accumulation of
great wealth. While it - robbed the
earth, it also robbed the worker as it
was already doling in every other corner of thO'land.
- Gradually the worker,grew in intelligence and with it his objection to being .robbed and from that day capitalism ,-was doomed. It is only natural
that the workers who dig the coal and
mime tire gold, copper, iron, lead, zinc,
■silver and a bost of other .metals,
should' form the backbone of the growing American labor movement.
They mined the metal 'from .which
Ahe machine was built and ithey dig
the eoa.1 that runs the machine. And
■when the era of machinery, began the
flirst gray streaks of. the. Socialist
dawn began their war-upon, the capitalist night. ,     .  "   ,
 iI_any_ha.yaJ4iejdJQ^explaiiiJh^reiu.
■fonfor the great and. growing-Solidarity among ithe mine workers and the
firm 'Stand For working class progress
•that they have always taken. As tlie
Socialist painty sands for the emancipation of the working o^iss on the political field so tlie Western Federation
and the United Mine Workers stand
for the comploto abolition of wage
sliavery on the economic field.
Take the case *of Vice President
Hayes, ofthe coal miners, just passing
30 years of age, When elected vice
president several yenrs ago he was the
youngest 'int'cnrat'loiial 'Officer in any
American tabor orgnnlzntipiv, being at
that time not yet 28 years .old,
Hayes was a little bit of; a red-heiad-
ed Irish lad when King Ooal beckoned
to him in one of Illinois' nwiny niliulng
camps. Thore was something Irresistible about the beckoning. The-boy
olievcd.
The .whip hand of tho monstrous
monarch drove the little'Had down into
the bidden recesses of tho earth and
minnberpd hlin among the ono million
other men and boys who toil underground In theso United States.
Tlm minds of most oMldren tivrt
deadened by toll, Tho .minds of a fow
nraivmo F-omoliow to tlnivo on It, So
tlm persistent mind of young llayoH
(IhvoIoih'iI do wn thoro In llm gloom of
■tlm .subterranean caverns. At times
Iio would pick up 'ii piece of slato ami
scratch thereon the ideas thnt formed
tiliPtinxpIvm in his iniiul. Gradually tlm
words fell Into rhythm and rhynm, It
wns pot'tpy. lie sung just, llko the null Ucrcd hnrilH lu tlio dnys of old.
" The s-juihw of thi) miners' life writ*,
ton by young Hayes did not go uiiiio<
Heed. Tlmy were mnlloil to tlm Unit,
c.l Mine Worker.*' Journal at Indian-
p.i'x.IIh, Ind., nnd whon tlvov were pub-
:ii.|ic:l tin; coal ni'nci'B of iim nation
11rM began to luur .)f Frank .1. Iluyos.
Tli.i',. h om- w,\y nf v.orl;'.!'/.; cut Ui"
ptNi.son for Live .i-,triiigUt and willdiirliy
nf tho organized imlim work dm. 'IMicro
lire *t.h*u»() who pick out a u\i:d big
■won', cnll It the "iwycimlogy" of the
■minor nnd lot It k» nt thai.
Hut to nm it seems Impoiinlhlc that
ith'n, youth of tlm nat-'on'a mining
(•MiiipKiitid vll-.tgwt tslmiiltl go willingly
to hIiivo llu* d-ij-h mwiiy in Um underground darl'.m hh. wlioro it Iio novor-ond.
Ing nli-'ht. glwH hlrtli to druiim on
drcnin for lu ttcr HiIiiith.
l'J\eii Um .jmonwt imioiig city boyH
nm vinii'illy t'iinl Homnthlim .to rotnovft
thorn p.-'Pllally from tlio day'w toll.. It
:»(lirfcrMit In iho mining rnnvpn wlioro
tluMV Im but n. h'.pp from Uk> «ibln tn
Um min iiuiiiUi .Mid hiUSii .i«.l'.ll. Tlm
\i\K (Hug that tinprotinpH oim In nil
m I nl im ram pi* In .iho mti»r dlMivwinl
fur I he chlld'H demand for bouks jny
iMiiiii|r; Itrt growing yonrn.
I v.i.*, -tullUng to a. young tiilui't', a.
have' been' almasl xmavereally discarded.' .Xow <the miner battles with the
virgin coal or the ore producing deck
'with elaborate* machiner.-
> One of the' points, of contention in
the Michigan copper strike is "whether
one man. or two''men are .to .operate
the •■machine which is known as the
"widow maker,"., .because of inability
of the liuman, makeup to long with-'
stand.'the demands .made upon it in
the running of such a machine. With
two men .running the machine the lifespan may be stretched out over a few
wore years. ■'
These machines aro irapid producers,
too. Working1 only .three or four days
in the week the «oal miners of tlie
country can keep the fuel market
Eooded. When the copper strike broke
in Michigan -tliere was a.n over supply
of the metal. Things llk& that make'
.the miner think. Why is it that he
■must remain In poverty while he provides moro than Uio'world need's? he
■asks himself, and straightway orders
this delegate,'} in convention assembled
to demand^for tlie miner, "the full product of Juls labor."
Wherever legislators gather to make
laws, in Btate Legislatures or in the
natlonall Congress, .Uie -represenrtaMves
of 'the aii'lner are to be found. When
Socialists were elected to the Nevada
•state Legislature 'tihey championed the
industrial rights of the metal miners
of tshiat ataite. The same was true in
Illinois and Pennsylvania.
There are 'some who 'Criticize the
manner an which the 'miners go on
sbrlke. -When (he trouble in West Virginia, wais at its height there .were
those who ;pleaded for a so-called general 'strike of all the coal miners, believing' that this .would immediately
bring the West Virginia .mine mon-
firchs to their knees. Such a proceeding could have had but one outcome.
It would have .wrecked; the. miners', organization'.in ithe .-unionized.,-states
white' the -miners In -ttie'-aon-uinionized
field's would keep right dn-wofrktng.- A'
stiike of all-tha-mine.workers on. the
North' American continent is. impossible .uiiity. all-Che mine, workers have
been thoroughly organized.-' >.   .-
The present sitrike policy "of the
United- Mine. Workera' aii;d ithe West-'"
em' Federaition meets with success be-,
cause th'e_mining iridnsfcry-ilias not yot".
been thoiioughly. monopolized: ' There
is .still .some conipeitiitioii'and it Is still
possible to play one group of. mining
barons off against another group. This
'occurs even ..inside of states.''-'
During.the memorable 1910 struggle'
of the Illinois miners the orgaaiizajtion
of the mine owners s*plit in twain and
opened ithe way.for the-victory ofthe
worker. The rolne owners sighed up
•witli the miners' union in itilie southern
parit of 'the state and tihe ni*en returned
to work. The men' in the northern
part of-the .sfcaite remained on strike,
■received support from the.sou-theni Illinois min'tirs with-ahe result that nor*-
th'ern Illinois min© owners -soon gave
in -rather tlian see their properties be-
.com'e banlirupt; ' The miners' union
was stronger than the inine owners'
union.
But the mining indiftt-ry is becoming uniore ainl nioro -monopolized. The
mineral wealth of the continent is .falling anoro, and moro tato tho hands' of
one sot of capitalists. While this is
going on -tlve miners' union is growing
stronger and stronger.'
■What, is going'.to happen? 1 cannot
see a continental conflict between the
exploiters and tho exploited of the
mines.' The working class has already
advanced too far for that. Already
the hand writing is in ihe sky.1' Not
many mvoro years will pass before tihe
nation will take over the mines,' the
exploiters will he peacefully exterminated ,and the workers .will dicbate the
conditions undor which the ■ miners
■shall labor. The .hand"of the "widow
maker" will be,-stayed and the underground wealth of -the' land, will be
•souglut for what it can1 be used and not
for the profits that it will bring. Complete victory will then have come to
the "side of ithe workers lir the, great
underground war.—Western Comrade.
local Union Dir&tor^Dist^ Sp^M^WlA.
[s^ga^i^^g^iaa-^g^'^
Profit and the
High Cost of Living
'h... hi'imioiv'.wiiii «i'nn".ipil ! *"f ■"■' i'outl*. il^lPB'iito to st convention
how Miulero lmpppimd to I or (!.<• IlllnoU mini* workurn nt Sprlmf-
■ - '' (■• •>!.'   in  tin <u«r« w«tHnc for th<» .Irnln
thit wan to take him buck to ilia mln>
)ii" a'id mnt hor. b-rothrrn and vli-'rrs.
Ifo mioko In Wtlor tetni* of tho h'lim
Wo homo and of Iho baro ii«ww3;i*i!i
-if llf all that tlify could afford, tin
Ind a drtia'a*—Iho dream of a bigger.
n      . ,-, . i     ^
III,    llVl,        »'< Uf^ll'tr'V.tt        Wlrtfc'^*'*    > •   'J       *"►   -        >■<-'■'»
I.in placo nnd BkW* Wh flgli* tn tlm
rank* of tho million minora.
For tho Wn -thing thivt labor n«»<1»«i
l« hoixt ttviptwd by n dronm mA that
In what tho m-iww* Iwivo «Uovo nil
Uiln«fi. Tbo (■** thatthelrcagw .1 •<>
thliiRH, Tlie fft<* that tlM*lr wajpe eon-
t,nw*Ji» wro U-Aricale *ffA'.ira with, uuny
aootioM aiMt «1twwi. ealUng for oomo-
'.Mug a!c{n fo g*^"* trt prnr^"v v**
d*rwtfi»wJ tibwa, t» wt 1** fo^ndnUon
KUmo of tH» or nny othor labor omn>
ixaUiwi. tt *» o*M*»r *b« tAnttrn work.
{«« tt«»f OtJt .     ,
Tbo miner H miiiy ybtixtt«*\ «» b*.
(ak IrMMHUMjt mmacbart w»«h * pick
•Ad obord. VtttM aocvsnt imptenwrntt
By W. E. G.  ■
The .comment in the daily press as
to the why and wherefore of the thigh
cost of Hiving 'would be humorous were
it not so tragic, ' -
■Never a ward as to land .monopoly
or speculation in land values having
'anything to do wit it
An- item in a morning paper states
that d 'certain building on Second avenue is;-yielding ,$20,000..per month-in
rental's.' .(Wonderful that a threeTstory
building -covering half a city block,
where twenty years ago was coetaoin
which twenty years ago was covered
with forest should' now be so productive.  . '    . '
_ But where doe's this -rentj^come
"fratii"? IE~~isT wraipped-ulTin.-the "high"
cost of living, every necessary of Lifo
paying a .portion.'
An informed man told men that a
pair of shoes that I paid $5 for in this
same block cost wholesale $1.50. Do
you.-get'tliut? The £h50,pa,id a niggardly price ito the fanner for the hide, a
mean, .compensation to tlve shoe, worker land a profit to the -manufacturer.
Now whore does the $3.50 come .in? In
the $20,000 of course.
, Every human need from bread' to
payer books is exploited-for profit, and
we fondly imagine that .we are living
b"y this exploitation, and tliat tills profit |s onr .prosperity. We'call this good
busilmess, hut who profits thereby? Not
the consumer. '
Look at the idle land' all about us
growing weeds and billboards only,
and hold .for speculation,':n.ot for use.
Isn't it strange that, men should make
siuch rt. fetich of real estate activity,
and even accept It as an ovtidonc© of
prosperity?
Look int. 'tlio factories filled with labor -shyiIdk -mucliJn&ry niaklhg things
for profit, nnd added* to tlnlsiare the
'profiils of tlio wholesaler and retailer,
plus their rents based upon kind monopoly nnd 'Speculation In high values,
till of which 1ms to bu paid, for by
ilio c-oivaiimw before the things can bo
used.
Wn .pay a profit on everything except piiHtiige stumps and parcel post,
having racliillzcd theso Items of .lm-
iii:a.n upod w,o no longer pay prafM-s to
miy privileged Individual for their uso,
Then why ftliould wo pay -profUs aggregating hundreds of millions of dol-
lni'H lri'fn.ro we can out bread, wear
fliocH or lmvo homes?
Why not Mii'lidlze hind whereon to
bill Id 'snclnllzod Iioumph, just m wo
Imvu socialized stninipi* and jiiipppI
|in'? Why not .'oel:ill-/i» nil llidnn'ry
■nii'l do *;iway with forovw Mila HynlPin
of i uui'iiumi profits nnd dobnucli('.ry
fc.r .Ui« I'nw ami pu\crl) and ili'grad.i-
Umi fw tho mnny? |
In thin profit HPliemo of Indmstry, I
wild"l this Kn'tnliig.proHppplty wo liavoi
tlm Hiicotiiclo of tlioustindB of chllilfcn, j
\\]\(, deprived of their chlldliood iim:
forced lii.'.o fiiftorlos to bcconip a jwirt;
of lli.!» iivoflt |>rndtirliiK iniidnci-m. |
wh'i-h In turn deprlv-CH ihIIIIoiih of:
tliclr U'.ptlirlwhl l.v live ihi men jitii! ;
woiiii-ti wilh hoincH <ind «*h iiHuful
iiietnht'iH *tt -Hocluty.
Tim multltirlp nf workom ponippitlng
for an liitormittcnt wiiru, nro Unm
forced out of the -rirrlo.of homo build-
tie, lir.o i*(:« anni »f &\a non .i'.tKlicd
w1'cki> ittnmtitnl, nlmormnl nmnnpr of
lifo or-witch ,-m L-iivlrumiivivt fertile for
vlcft, crJino. lnnatilty, prostitution and
•dVi'ip.* and li-Tomi rt thn very nictinco
of Uio not lul order, which none of uu
-urn wupp.
Tl.s iMWKKlint*™ tho bultiHnn of
n'orin  "imi   lir*,"il p«,\Jln.,ni»<  nnd   ppill-
jitcntlarU'*. Jnlls  nnd  nlmuliouw>*,  In
, in. iti.l, in .••   .1.   ti( t.ttlv    u.'.H.i„.i.ill   Ul
llif. •inpl-il lljjiistlrp obvious to 111).
An oveMooroiulng trtny ot xtioix i*
n<-«l«l to interproi mul wi(orc«i an
cvcri'iicrciiislnit number of lawn that
ii ro passed to reform nnd tniro the
It   I*. .-.*,. *.K^.1>t.,t4,     Ul'4,*J..W*'W    .99    .. » ..14 *.-. ',
tascuw nnd dhctised.
TAn l« t m of tho WKh cost of llv-
lnjt. And n pretty liljth co«t I* It not?
"Wo rompl.iM.ntty Urtemto a -wxMnl
ordor for profit* omly, th*t mnkM
crlmo Incvitahln and then punl-th criminal"
":;ir«>u,i,th»t ot vtbat wo call crlm*
la by-product of what we oall bual*
nw,"   Kvi"T<*»h>*rc QiW hi***** lb* «**•
pression, "Good business and clean
profflts." It is on a par with whait was
s.poken -£ifity years'ago of slave hold-
era, namely: "He is .kind ito his
sftiv.Qs," as though there could be such
a thing as «a humane slavery. The
world wa's 'then unconscious of the
wrong .of human slavery, just as it is
today of the fact that "good business
and 'clean profits" .is the successful ex-
ploitijubion of human beings.
'Good business is a system of reaping profits where others have labored.
■ItMs fundamentally wrong and diamet-'
■rically opposed to the teaching of the
Senmon on ithe Mount. It engenders
■hatred and jealousy -and is the anld-
rthesis of brotherhood.
~=~.*^=*society=wiiose=indiViduai~menibeT3=
buy. sell and own the earth, and wihose
■entire existence is largely expressed
through the operation of all industry
for proCit,-must expect as. a -logical sequence an ever-increasing high cost of
'living.—-The Miners' Magazine.
.-      GUADSTONE LOCAL   \\<
- ,.  r    no. 2314;-; • '
Meet  first  and  tliird  Fridays,
•iliners' Hall," Fernie; second' and-
foujrth Fridays,■ Club,Hall,-Coal
Creek.   Sick .Benefit attached.. '
' T. Uphill;-, Sec.
■'Fernie, B. C.   "■'--    ' ■'-    "•
..      '  HOSMER LOCAL      ,
Nof 2497   -   !;
■ Meet every Tuesday evening In
the Athletic Hail at '7.30. ; Sick
Benefit Society lii connection.
" ' W. Balderstone; Sec.
' Box 63, Hosmer, B..C.
(   .    MICHEL LOCAL'
'';No. 2334
.1
Meet "every Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock In Crahan's Hall.'
Sick Benefit Society attached.''
'- H. Elmer, Sec."
PARK LOCAL
No. 1387
Moot every Sunday.' Sick and
Accldont Benefit Society attached.
N, D. Thachuk,' Sec
Canmore, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1387
• Meet socond and fourth Sunday
In men tli. Sick arid Benefit Society attached.
J. Gorton, Sec.
-CARBONDALE LOCAL^
No. 2227,
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.3t) p.m. in'1 tlio .Opera House,
Coleman.
J. Mitchell, Sec:
Box 105, Coleman. .. -    -
,BANKHEAD LOCALi
No. 29 •   '" '
• ' Meet every Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock in tho Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
.attached, ' (       . -.
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189
Meet   evory   Sunday   afternoon
In Miners' "Hall,  2.30.'"
_,< ■       Frank Barrlngham, Sec.
1      Box 112. Coalhurst P. O.
1
A     -^COLEMAN LOCAL-; k   -
Of"? '  '.X'tioyZm''-        *^\      -
""•    "'-     - v-'-rtX   t    l*        '   A    '
:■ Meet ovory, otller Sunday, gen- "\
'.erally. second and fourth Sundays  •
In the month.- '"■"- .'"
•-, ,        *..    -, >..t, - . s ,.(   '     ,    ,   . -
'-•. "J. Johnstone, Sec."
"-'.,;-  PASSBURG LOCAL        ,    '
- \        - -   : No. 2352- '      \. \
'Meet-every second and fourth
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
la Slovak Hall.- Sick Benefit So-    .
clety attaclied. ' • \-      'J.
Thos. G. Harries,' Sec.   '
Passburs', Alta. '
. BURMSS'LOCAL      ■-
'   No. 949
.   Meet every second and fourth
Sunday df each month at 10 a.m.  '
In School House, Burmis. No Sick
.Society.    ,o
-  ' Thos.'G. llorrles, Sec,"
Passburgr, Altn,
„        MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829        .    7
Mc'ot every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a.m. in
Union Hall, Maplo Loaf. No Sick
Society.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, AHU,.
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL
No. 431
■ . .
. Meet evory Wednesday evening
at 7.30 In Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.    '
L. Moored Sec.-Treas..
.     ,>     BELLEVUE LOCAL     /   '
, ■     ' No. 431
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. In tho Socialist Hall.
James Burke, Sec,  ,
Box 30, Bellevue, Alta.
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
p.m.
John" Loughran", Sec.
-     CORBIN'LOCAL
No. 2877
Meet everjr second Sunday at 2
o'clock   in   the  Club  Hall.    Sick
Benefit Society attached.1    - ••
- John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.   ,
1
HgBgBfflBmmBBSra^^mOTymffl^^
MINERS SHOULD SERVE     -
AN   APPRENTICESHIP
To' obtain good miners It is necessary to have experienced workmen
start in and work up from shevelers to
.ni-a-clilncimen, then to timbermen, etc,
One reason why tho miner of today is
not the .skilled workman that he was
•a fow years back Is because so ninny
"miners" have uot served this apprenticeship. AVo now havo a bunch o£
mngratory, nion-Hngllsh'speaking shov-
elers aivd tinimers, whom it W Impossible to train into good-miners, A few
of them stick and heconio miners, but
they are fow. Despite the thought mini
ftwidy and caro which is now being
■taken In limiting .mine work .safter tho
number of ivccldcnts licr thousand, em-
■ployed iin mines rel'uaosto lessen bocauso of Mils shifting, iioii-Ungll-K'h
spunking element thnt today Ib' doing
tho bulk of tho work In ihIubh.
'Mining, ns with nil other industries,
Is largely tin Inherited trait of milivd
wilh thoso whoso ancestors wero niln-
ci'A, nnd a, iiwin whoso ancestors .wero
iiRrliiiilLiWilBtH, and who ls .l].aiKllc*a.pped
by a lnotlier-tonguo widely different
from tlmt of English Bpftecli—bo difficult to loom, ovon by thoso wIioho
molliririton-R-iio It Is—munt spend ft
loivg tlmo iin an apprent'.co before ho
•cnn with safety be (uitniHtcd with tho
reupoiVKliblllty of" a miner.—Thu Conl
and Coko Operator tind Fuel .Miignzln^.
John A. McDonald
FIRE INSURANCE
-^ -  Special .Representative'    ."■■»-.." ".
.   .      Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
■ ■ .   i.     -■ .- . Agent ..•';'.
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month   -     ,
Phone 120     -,    '  BLAIRMORE        ''     Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
■ COLEMAN, Alta. ,
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
22 RIFLE
Rifles
Shotguns
H. 6. GQODEVECO,Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
AVo will fiu'ni.sli your houso from collar to garret
1 and nt bottom prices.    Call, Writo, Phono or
Wire.     All   orders  given   prompt attention,
Coleman, -        Alta.
II" you aro satisfied toll others.. J J' not satisfied toll .us
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
R-ttM $2.50 per d»y
With Private Bnth $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Only   High   Grade
Shiloh
"Hi* Utt.Tit wmtdr  tit  t-wtitm
«tM rt tndtr
rt  r   ,\.    r  . > '.
^^S*^*4«  vtt-.,*.
faction. Guaranteed.
J. D. QUAIL
lUidwikie'rumkuie
Fernie, f,   B. C.
C. E. LYONS
*
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
\w rfi-
THF. DISTRICT LSDCEK, FEEHIB, B. C, NOVEMBER 1, 1913.
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN     Passburg
le
Original
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
DryCoods, Groceris, BootsandShoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liqueurs
Pi
Cigac>
Mail Orcfars receive
prompt^ttention
Meats
Wo h*VB thq belt money
can buy of Be of, Pork, Mutton, Veil, Poultry. Butter,
Ej-Ji. F>th, "Impernor Hami
and Bucon" Lnrd, Sauiago*,
Wtlnert and Sauar Kraut.
PHONE OR CAUL
Calgary Cattle Oo,
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specially
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
~ Good Board
Ross & Mackay p™l_
THE FERNIE
LUMBER  CO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in alf kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us youp opders
For our Foreign Brothers
In Jianapolis,.Indiana. Oliobre 10, is'l-
Agl nlficiali ed ai mnrabui -dei Minatori
Uniti D'america.
n ilavore per organ Izzare 1e zone
organfazaite nel stati uniti a -prcednte
a procede in roaniera aedjstacente, ed
i risoltafci dd questo sono oltr-emijdo
biroiiBsrfmd. Durante la scorse aan» piu
di quattrecento local! furono orgaiiiz-
dflecuBBB la siituaztone del punto -dl vis-
'-  pnlndpalc-. deeideva risolutamente
■portel-e a oompimenrte lo epleitdido
tnvoie feitito ne Colorado, West Virginia, Kentucky. Vojieanver Island ed
■aJtri parti. Nel Colorado speclalmente
*- e migllaJe di uimlni, doane e ragaz-
mno atali scacdali tiwrl delle loro
a e eoetreWJ a vivere nelle tende da
atessi fornltegll.
'iinvertio tfl approsslma e «m 1'ap-
proaslmo e con I'approasiiKarsd dl
quEste si aumenita.no le »Hf[eren?.e c6a
Oro dunquB, aot cerlamemte dobhla-
o <in.re da maitglare a  questi  bravi
it&lni, donne e tagazzi che coal cora-g-
glesanieliite el combattano, e corf (a-
cendo dilnHoaLriamo art propleWi delle
mine che mod permetteremio clie il no*
itrl Eratelll scioperaaitl con le loro fa-
■iMeBHncMnfiBBerouniiliatd per non
>rJre dl fame.
' tail punto, il Borde Eseeutivo a de-
o *M -diaiccomandare che tutti 1 man-
ilelrerga&iza alone steno a [avorc di
aire a pagare 50 soldi al mese on.de
proesd'ere a combattere lintantoche lo
sciopero ora In vigors nor. sia a-tco-
madftto con vanitaggi wndisfpcenli.
Nel domandare 1'imione 'Iocali di yore a furore per continuare a pagare
HO soldi menaile per OE^ii membra il
borde eseeutivo crededl mandarvi l'in-
carcico di dIFendere la santa causa dei
pidri  delle madri e delle povere inno-
LA GUERRA DEL COLORADO
Walsenburg, Colo., 13 ott
-Nt>n credo .che sapro dirti tante cose
di ouovo, rJguardo alio eeiopero, -che
tu mon -abbla iGrmai appreeo daii glar-
naH; -noisdinLenio, siicsom-e i giorii-aili,
opeidalnJaiube quelli dei Colosmlo, non
.fcaauiw voca^ione a dire la verlta. ho
creduto -da linforma/rti circa I disoi-dini
che 1 irnlnafori aoao accusati di perpe-
n -jHitntt .	
do dl'svrenM ormai informoto, la aiorte
di Bob Lee. abirro dl Segundo, i] quale,
aeconiio rc-plnlone generale, fu gius-
(jziatti per i suoi merit! peraanaJi che
erano tau'bi e cosi notorii, che (to sco-
nosoiuto ^.ustiziers avrebbe. seoondo
ticft 'ffirltto alia anedagea al vaiore.
.Rieuard-o ai disordinj dl Ludlow, le
guardle stazfrraate nei campi di 'Host-
b flell'ui
mlnaitorl «i atiancarono del gioco, e
restltulrono le fuel late' Dlagrazla-hi-
m^tttB, I fuclll del minatori erano di
carta imrtata, o non riUBcirono a fare
gran damnl.
Un -cowboy ohe Hi trnva.va a pa-fieare
di la fu uccIeo dalle guardle, Ire li-ette
quali tferano imBcoste sotto un poiiite
lerroviado poco discoBto. L'ucciao era
meinbro de^l'unJone; al suo funernJe
tenuito il ^omo 12 a Trinidad, parte-
.(dpairano 1743 unionisti di Trinidad e
ditutoml. Quantunque corressero ru-
m'ori dl una acaramuccia corabatteiute-
si nel momento a Hastings, gl'inter-
venu'l- -ei tnaiutennero in perfetto or-
dine. Come fu appreeo poi, i crumiri
di Delagua e Hastings avevano detiso
di abbandBiiare il lavero: una guardia
e-bbe la cattiva idea di fermarli. e fn
spgdila ali'altro mondo, in treno iirelt-
alla miniera
di Cameron, 00'
impedire ad uno -scabs" di
campo; la guanlia riporto
ia ella   propria   pa
mil edono frequente!
"Tune.Juat Before the Battle, Mother"
Onward, then, my brother ioil«r,
Press tie battle to the gate"
Dare to Hght till victory cometh
O'er ihe granny of state.
AU «he efforts of a Bowser,
Aii the hirelings in iis fold.
Cannot quench the -miners' spirit,
We are one, both young a*nd old.
Ohorua
In the state's -una trajp caiied prison.
Bowser's -cottage by the sea,
Hhere our comrades are made suffer
Many days, who should be free.
robbed   of
Homes   and    v
Fed like swine instead of men-
Bolts and bars around erected
Tmii*3t into tbe lions' den.
Tbey are Daniels, don't mistake it,
And the lions'
1 will s
Yield we will not to oppression.
We shaH conquer by anrt by.
We shall crash tills Piute aggression
■And Uiis monstrous -wrong defy;
To .the ballot .box, my brother,
Vote the -toller Into power.
There record your mighly protest
'Gainst the government ihl-j honr.
Chorus.
Thoy do not support the toller,
But thoy seek bdm to enslave.
Don't forget your ballot, brother,
It your brother yau would save.
Dont be fooled by the old parties.
Vote tie tieket of your class.
Don't forget the men imprisoned,
Let their -sufferings naver Pas3.
Chorus.
Recognition 4s our watclp
Nothing else can satis.;
I*t us s'.and as men -togethei
■Nought can then our cause
We shall win by standing so
Stand ye Brm, then, every
Don't forsalie your prison brc
You're iiis brother, and. 1 a
Chorus,
O SP   ACEl
BY
PAGE SEVEN
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
Foe S   tiles of Prof Geo   A   Ca loot
Bil I   t li R*".to ea   t 31        <>t 111.
Young Man, Young: Woman, Which do you prefer.
"<LEf|FV'1'  llEALTHT   heaa   of  ,miir an a clean and hrslthy bcsJd. fl
to lis natural thickneas and vitality pn a
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of 1 realm
nuoatlon   Wank"and  tSfl   parfltu'lare.    Bi
ent   (WRITB   TO-DAY)°°for
' My Turt"narBnlronBia?e and
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most  Scientific Hair and Scalp  Specialist
ROOM 1, WELDON BLOOK, WINNIPEG, MAN.
-tanlfl Ott
\i aasicuriamo -Hi dlscontinuare a
ipagara questi 50 soldi non appena lo
scioperti aara vinto.
i   raco man diamo   eal daman te  a
-tutti   I  membri  tieU'organizaatoue di
i.tare a. f avore alle richieate del Bordo
Bsecotivo.
JOHN' P. WHITE, Presidente.
PRANK J. HAYES, Vi-ce Presidente.
WILUAJH GREEN, Secretsrio .
Tesbrlere.
redono di poter fare       po-
r la rnilizia. Peru e^s m
uno confessato che la loro
a      molto tenue. uao di loro
tairo troppo saggi per loro,
ra touanzi .dovpanno impie-
pero
Tuo ANDREA GANZ.
Trinidad, 15 ottobre.
Venti niinajtorl, coatltuenti la forza
■di tavoro delia miniera Me Lougbilin
della coropagmia earbonifera Baiuta. Fe,
6re miglia al sad di qui, vennero cos-
i-oro crumlresco da 35 soioperaniti,
paribe armatl. Deputy sherttts giun-
ro su! luogo prima, the gli unionisti
foasero squagliati:   na
HHittdue e 11 itradusBero in ca
l'accusa dl "piccbelitaBgio'
■ d'a*nm! ini^diose.
Labor Views Heard
By the Commission
M    Si -ertz impressed upoa the ci
rdina
lent ti
n ot
mat iron 1 400 0Q0 to 1,500.000
of coal culd be required to peril! Cal forn i the sen ce non- rendered bj petrole m n the production
of he^    1 "*h   and -power
nl forn a c ] is the prircipal tuel
for locomo I e aa far nor"l. as iVa»h-
ragton an I ac oss the S erta and. the
Cas ade nmunh freedom from
sparks ser ng as a .protection against
■compared with coal or
■woo"! ft el It is used almost exclusive!! on nhnd and coastwise steamers aaid to in increasing evtent by tHe
transjPaolf c steamer*. It has displaced coaj on Puget Sound many ot the
steamers ot the Canadian Pacific fleet
[plying between Vancouver, Victoria,
and other points h&ving bten equipped
for oil-burning. There is still some de-
tnand for coal ln California, .partial-,
larly tor domestic use and tor bunker
trade at San Francisco, but it
most exclusively supplied by coals
from other States and from abroad.
There ara in California a number of
small, widely-spread cbal fields, chief
among which are the Mount Dlatolo
f.ield or Contra. Costa county, the Corral Hollow field ot Alameda county,
ihe Priest Valley and Trafton fields of
ROYAL
HOTEL
Be
Sto
Livery, Feed!
and Sale Stables
FIrft clan Hortat for S*!e.
Buyi Hornet an Commit!on
, George Barton    Phone 78 j
"Lodger" adv. Is an
investment.
List of Locals District 18
No. Name Sec, and P, 0, Address
2D BftDkhead F, Wheatley, Bankliend, Altn.
,   481 Beaver Creok j, Luughran, Beaver Creek, via Pincher, Alta.
431 Bellevue James Burke, Box 36, Bellevue, Mtn.
2103 Blah-morn W. L. BvnnH, Blairmore, Alta.
840 Burmis T, 0. Harries, Passburg, Altn.
SBST Carbondale  J. Mitchell, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
1387 Canmore ,.N. D. Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.
2633 Coleman,., j, Johnstone, Coleman, Alta.
2877 Corbin j, Jones, Corbin, B. C.
1126 Chinook Mlnea:.; Jaa. Home, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
3178 Diamond" Oity...."...'. j. B. Thorn hill, Diamond City, LetUbrldEe. ■
2314 Pernio. ^Thns. Uphill, Fernlo, B. 0.
1383 FranK Bvtm Morgan, Frank. Alta.
2487 'Hosmer.. '..., w. Balderstone, Hosmer, 8. C.
10GB Hltlortmt.., Jas, Gorton. Hillcrest, Alta,
674 Lethbridge L. Moore, 1781 SlitB Avenue, N. Lethbridge.
USD LethbrldseColltsrlM..Frank Barrlngham, Coalhurst, Alta.
ISaO.. Maple Leaf. ,..i....i.T. a. Harries,- Pamburg, Atta.
2334 MIeheK H. Flmer.'Michel,'B. C.
14 Monarch Miues Wm. Kyna. Kloan P. 0., Taber, Alta.
im- Paiaburg ■ T. G. Hurries, Paasburs. Alta.
1B8D ndjaJ Vlow Ooo, Jordnn, Royal Collieries. LethbrldgB, Alta.
10) Taber  A. Patterson, Taber, Alts-
rJgl        SpailoiB
■io th     ca v
mu     ui       men   pi ml ed
tho city were not dost-inwof, as they
ouKht (io be. And alonu the samo "
he n.rgiied In tavot ol .measure*! .1
sure Mia 'sanitary condition of rnfe
nntl reataurnnt Wtoliena "here n '"
food wns dispensed.
Lo      Co   ol
SMtoffoGhwe
GUICKLY  ■TOPO  COUOH1.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIELANC1K. Prop.
We Are Ready to Scratch
f your bill any item of lumber not
und just as ive represented.   There
nu hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
Wh<
rat-class lumber we
t of culls. Those who buy once from
i always come again. Those wbo
ire not yet mnde our acquaintance
■e taking chances they wouldn't en-
mnt«r ifthey bought their '.umher
KENNEDY & MANGAN
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.      SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
Advertise in the Ledger [OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
and get Results.
e G. N. Depot.    P.O. E
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE :: :: B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE. TORONTO
Capital Authorized  ..    $10,000,000        Capital Paid Up  6,925,000
Rsserue and Undivid. Tola! A8Bet,       7*2,000,000
cd  Profits  8,100,000
D.  R. WILKIE, President HON. flOBT JAFFRAY, Vloe-Prei.
BRANCHES   lit   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Arrowhead.  Cranbrook,   Fertile,  Gold    en,    Kamloops,    Michel,    Nelson,.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Vlcloriv
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposit* at current rate (rom date o( depoiH.
FERNIE  BRANCH A. M, OWEN. Manager
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST, $l2,r.00,000
TOURISTS ano TRAVELLERS
The CoiWliin Bunk of Conirn«.-- V- re»a"n nf Ita lirgo number of branches in
every Province nf Canada, wilh dlied i.^ttSo nlo lion In LonJ™, Kng., N*w York,
3«n Fmnciaco, Scatll-, Porllnnd, Ore., Mexico und St, John's HIM., wilh Ak-eiio and
IhBlr journoy IhJ world over. Tho Travellers' Cheques and LeUers of Ct«!il ismed
by Ibis Bank overcon.o the annoyinc dlfticultic* of obtaining funds •broad, espectally
In PUcts whero idemift-^tian is tli Silt ull.
CI equcs and Dwlts on *11 the countries of the world, drmwn in merbm. bnxKa.
uiaiki, life, kroiwn, elc, can be cashed or purchased al reasornble »tei %,*.
U.  A.  S.  DACK,   Manager. FERNIF   BKANCH
«tm"gN«i», a»cw»i» -   Grand, Wednesday, I
II    THE      A ft    ^^^1854
Home DANK* UNADA
I-Viil-hortafd t*iii>il-i   j:..W«.ooi) I
^uto-rlbc.,! C«|.!.»t   -Miou.oon 1
IWKpOaplul    IJ'W.SOR I
^^^^^^         Iii-5WVB Fiiml     tiiitl.OOtl ^0^^^—
Illraiiclies ami Coniicet'.utis  Uiroii-shout Canoda ■
.-i-Ao officc: A^4D TnDOMTnJAM£S mason      I
N.L.E BRANCh'.K IM I ^rCV-'lN I ^General Manage.       I
1, y, f^AdJOKAUD, Manager I
Vh  i'-.i..     rf»ti.. -> -!- FERNIE, B.O.        I -J^'-r
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGEB, FERNIE, B. C, NOVEMBER 1, 191S.
\%]
H, -v?
OCR LADIES'
DEPARTMENT
LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S UNDERWEAR
We are sole agents for the celebrated Turnbull
Underwear for women and children. We carry all
sizes in both separate garments and combinations in
natural and white in the pure wool and the cotton,
and wool. Every garment well made and finished
and insured to give satisfaction.
LADIES' AND MISSES' NEW FALL AND WIN-
TER SKIRTS AT MONEY SAVING PRICES
AVe liave just received a shipment of new Skirts,
made in the very latest styles, of the best grade of
materials. They are all fancy cloths, cut to fit and
give good service. The usual Trites-Wood guarantee goes witli them.
. Priced specially at $5.00, $7.00 and $8.50
See Window Display
"- SPECIAL SALE $5.00 SILK LINED NET WAISTS
EACH $3.50
An unusual offering of high grade Waists, all
silk lined, high neck and three quarter length
sleeve. The Waist is'in ecru only and trimmed with
different colored velvet and pearl buttons.
Special for Saturday $3.50
See Window Display
We are still showing the largest selection of
Trimmed Hats in the Pass. We specialize in Hats
at from $5.00 to $15.00. Visit our department and
familiarize yourself with the correct styles for winter.  All the newest styles and shapes and colorings.
$5.00 to $15.00
COATS ATTRACTIVELY PRICED
30 new models arrived this'week. These are the
very latest styles with-Dame Fashion's seal of approval stamped on them. They are all hand tailored and mostly silk lined. ,
Priced from $15.00 to $30.00
Men's
Some Extraordinary Values
in Men's Winter Clothing
*■ — -
SPECIAL WEEK-END VALUES in Men's and Boy's Mackinaw Coats, Pants and Shirts; also Lumberman's unbearable all-wool
Tweed Pants. See our window display; the Mackinaw we show is
absolutely the best made; the values are special week-end offerings.
Mackinaws
M.^n's Mackinaw Coats at $5,00, $6.00. $7.50,
$8.50, $9.50.
Men's Mackinaw Pants (Carrs) at $4.00.
Men's Short Mackinaw Pants (Qarrs), $3,75.
Boys' Mackinaw Pants (Carrs), $1,00.
Boys' Mackinaw Coats, $4.50, all sizes.
Men's Mackinaw Juniper Shirts, red or blue
check, at $2.50. ,
Special Blue Flannel Shirt, regular $1.75.   Saturday only, $1.25.   *
i
Men's Brown or Black Flannel Twill Shirts, regular $1.25.   Special at 90c.
Men's Heavy Wool Ribbed Sox.   Special Saturday, 4 pairs for $1.00.
, Men's Wool Mitts, regular 50c.   Special 35c pair.
Men's Heavy Wool Ribbed Underwear.   Special
$1.75"suif.
Sweaters
Lien's Heavy All Wool Sweaters in three styles,
coat w.ith or without collar, at $1.75, $2.50) $3.60
and $4.50.    ' ■*
Roll Neck Sweaters, all colors, at $1.50, $2.50 and
$4.00..
V Neck Sweaters at $1.75, $2.50 and $4.00.  ■
.   Children's and Boys' Sweaters at 75c to $2.25.
Men's Sample Shirts will be on sale in our Men's
Department. These will be marked to. clear .Saturday.
Gloves
We are sole agents for Dent's celebrated" Kid
Gloves. We carry Dent's because they are the best
Glove made; best for style, best for wear and best
for the money. ■ All colors in suede, cape and glaze,
in short and long-gloves.
. Priced from $1.00 to $3.50
GRQCERY
DEPARTMENT
Specials for Saturday Selling
r
\..
See   Our   Window   Display
■^
j
Quaker Flour .:..... *  98 lb. sack 3.10
' Quaker Rolled Oats : 51b. packet   .25
Lima Beans .' i.......... 4 lbs.   .25
Molasses Snap Biscuits  2 lbs.   .25
Two in One Shoe Black three for   .25
Extra Heavy Brooms, regular 65c ... special■ .50
Shredded Wheat Biscuits each - .10
Cowan's Cocoa-., '. % lb. tin   .25.
Cowan's Cocoa " * .. 1 lb. tin   .45
Cowan's Maplo Buds ' per lb. • .40
Canada First Catsup pint bottles   .25
Spring Clothes Pins '.;..,,... per dozen- .05,
Seeded Raisens, 10 oz   4 packets   .30
New Packed Cod Fish per lb.   .10
Clover Leaf Salmon, i/2 lb., flats .... v . 2 for   .2$
Clover Leaf Salmon, 1 lb. flats .-... r:V. 2 for '.45.,
Teed Bran'   ' 100 lb! sack 1.20
Upton's Jam ; ,'..\ . 5 lb. tins' .50
Heinz Mince Meat ..A...:. 3 lb. jar   .75
Heinz Mince Meat, bulk '...' per lb.   .20
Heinz Pork and Beans .".. large size   .25
Diamond Brand Maple Syrup quarts   .25
Diamond Brand Maple Syrup ...... y2 gallon   .45
Fancy Jonathan-Apples ...'.'  ..per box 2.50
Ilidnz Peanut Butter ...; medium size   .25
Sweet Wrinkle Peas . *.  2 tins   .25
Standard Peas , per tin   .10
French Peas °.  per tin   .15
Turnips  18 lbs.   .25
Sweet Potatoes ..... .,4 lbs.   .25
Scott's Emulsion ..'....,  large size* .85
Lyman's Beef, Iron and Wine ....:...:  .45
Hind's.Honey and Almond Cream     .40
Our Specials Save Money
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
,    Quality
\s
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
There will bo a Hallowe'en party in
tihe gymnasium tonight. All are Invited.
The regular monthly tea of the
Methodist Church will be held at the
home of Mrs. Mott Tuesday afternoon
Nor. 4th, from 3.30 to 6.
Tho Ladiea* Guild of Christ Church
are giving a dance in the Victoria Hall
on Thursday, .November 6. Zaccario'a
orchestra will 'bo ia attendant.
A reception -whb hold at the homo
of Mro, Giddlng» McPherson Avenue,
on Thursday afternoon, 'In honor of
Mra. J, MoNicholas and Mrs. D. Mackenzie, recoatly married.
Th© sacrament of the Lord's Supper
will be ndmlniwtered on Sunday .morn*
Inig at tho Methdolst Church. There
will ibe a rocoptlon service for naw
m-onuberB and for those transferred .by
lottor.
Married at Presbyterian manse, on
Saturday, Oct. 25th, by Rev. W. J. Mac-
Quarrle, Peter Warren and Harriet
Jones, of West Fernie.
An Interesting resolution was passed by the League of the Methodist
■Church on Monday last: "That the
anombors of this Society refuse to sup-
■port any candidate for municipal office in '.Pernio who will not pledge
■himself to ondoavor to liavo enforced
tho lawfl agalnut the illicit salo of liquor in hotels and In tho segregated
area," Tho topic next Monday evening will be "Philanthropies," and Mr.
W. Bird y/M read a paper.
The Co-oporatlvo Stores havo this
. week unloaded a straight car ot Okanagan apples and a car of Okanagan
vegetables and are now able to cater
to tho most fastidious 'that, aro ro-
Wiring the b»Bt produco and fruit for
itholr kitchen and tame. Tho apples
nro without doubt n crodlt to the district and a strong boost, to the I), O.
grower*, every 'box .packed full of tho
ohoIcoBt applet* obtainable and withstood tho novoroat inspection of tho
n. C. government Inspector.
Everyone ttho can make It convenient to call at tho store next weok will
bo nerved with a dainty cup of Cowan's cocoa, tho storo being fortunate
In securing tho services of n -charming young Jady who knows how to
make this refreshing -beverage and
aro using thl* method of Introducing
nnd increasing thoir Cowan's cocoa
males. „•
Mr. J, Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
MUSICAL THEORY
P.'pils Prepared for
Examinat ons
Apply for terms to
BOX 533
or Houte No. 21, Wood St
The regular monthly 'meeting of the
Ladles' Benevolent Society will toe
held at the home of Mrs. A. Cummlngo
on Saturday, November 1, at 3,30.
Tho rogular 'monthly -mooting of the
Ladles' Guild of Coal Creek -will bo
■hold at tho homo of Mro. H. F. McLean
on. Wednesday, November 5, at 3.30.
KNOX CHURCH
■Following the Induction of Mr. Mac-
Quarrio as pastor of Knox Churoh last
Monday evening, the services on. Sunday next will be somewhat -special.
Itov, Dr, Ferguson, tmiporln'tondont
of -missions, will assist the pastor. The
morning subject will bo "The Greatest
Attraction." Tho evening Bcrvlco will
bo largely musical. Dr. Ferguson will
preaicbe. Mr. McGuigan lololuh, of
Knox Church, Lethbridge, will sing at
both sorvices. A local orchestra will
assist the choir,
THE SCHUBERT 8YMPHONY CLUB
Under tho patronago of tho looal
Loyal Ordor ot .Moose, tho above club
gavo their entertainment on Thursday
last to a medium sized audience. That
'the company contains -som©,excellent
talent was ovtdoncod by (the repeated,
encores and loud applause, Miss Leeta
Cordor being exceedingly find and
■responded to on oncoro with "Tho Last
Hoso of Summer." Altogether tho ou-
dlenco iippoarod to bo thoroughly woll
oatlnflod,
"THE BARRIER"
At the Grand Theatre Nov, 7th
Italolorct with tho "atmosphere*' of
tint gront ivorthland, and carrying a
themo of "Tlio Hunter and tho Hunted," "Tlio Barrior," which will *bo
scon at Uio Grand Theatre Friday,
Nov, 7th, details in delightful flavor
tho adventuro of a young army offlcor
in fulfillment of his duties as ''pollco
of tlio district." Tlio action takes
place at Flambeau, In tlie Yukon, in
•tnld-fflimmor, John Galon; alias Gale,
han lived <ln thit mountain faittnoa* for
fw-wtv ynnn*  WrMwi friwi ihi> f^W.
mont of a orlme ho never conwniUeoV
iti&i oC ktiiiix_ itm wife of ono biarfe,
a gambler and "killer" hlMisdf, of
whom dt was said that no bullet from
a six-shooter could do him harm. Tho
mil a»sa«8ln of Stark'* wlfo at last
cornea io Flambeau, and portly re-cog.
%-i.tmt* uvu iuwa'iu, fc>!i»f id xti tafc-uungiaii-
ind by a drunkard known an Itunnion.
Thoy plan to Jump the claim owned by
Ncata, daughter of Onlo.  ,
Through a whirlwind of climaxes
nnd strange dramatic situation*, Stark
it» klllod by Galo, and Necla, whoso
parentage has boen in doubt -throiiRh-
wit. th** play, «v«ntmUly mnrriw dipt
Iltirro]!. Hex l»«ioh, tho author of the
boolc. an J Dussue Prcsbrey, tlw iii-*.
fnatlmt. liav-e wovirn one of tin; tuou
attractive tales of the Far North ln>
egfoable. Tfo* c&ixrtictet of John Gale
(a -played in tho present production by
Frank Irwion, who will be iwnomborod
locally far •!»!• «ofrl!*tit Trwk t.» V_.
<h*r KMly In "Tbo Rotary" hftt nnn-
•on. Onptnln narretl win bo assumed
by Bdw*rd IlMtrn, » sterling voimg
actor, who ha» boon h«inl from Woro
In leading -roles. MIss'Grace Johnson,
a charmlnig ajctress', appears as Necia,
and Agness Marshall, a, -Well known
character actress, is cast for th© other
feminine part of Alluna, .the Indian
squaw. Other .members of tbe -oast
include Richard Frazieo" ae Ben Stark,
and Wallace Howe as Runnlon, a picturesque miner*.
The above .play 'With another caet
was. through 'here some eighteen
months ago and very favonably received. It is a powerful play, full of
that eolld northern ruggedneas that
appeals to all.
THE AS3I2E8
'Mr. Justice Murphy oomipleted the
docket of cobob at th© Fernlo asaizos
•last Wednesday.
Davidson, charged witli obtaining a
valuable document, 'to wilt, a cheque
for $600, from Mrs. Corloue, of Miohol,
reoolved a three years' penitentiary
-BorDtonco,
Vito OHvistro,'found guilty of indecent assault, received a sentence of
two years in'the penitentiary i, and J.
Bunyangs, for burglary, rocolved ono
year In tho county gaol.
J. Vogel, Hosmer, was ordered to 'bo
eent 'bo the provincial asylum at Now
Wosftimlnstor.
JACK ROGERS BEAT UVANNI
GREAT FALLS, Oct. 27.—After ao
game a -fight aa has over boon put up
by a boxer In -this oity, Joo Uvannl
Saturday* night loot to Jack Rogers,
of Salt Lako, by the dociBlon of the
umpire, after having gono through 11
gruelHng rounds of their scliedulod
l2iround imaitoh, Only tho cutting off
of tho llglita In tho opora houso prevented liho fight from going tho full
12 mound* or to a finish,
D. C. CALLED 8CANDAL
TO THIS NATION
Tempemnee and Moral Reform Board
Issues Report on Social Vice
Prevailing In Dominion
TORONTO, Oot. ■ 27,—".Wa#to and
wllfuiinoos, temptation to ovordroos
nnd perversion 1n modorn foahloiu
lluontlouB display a, appeals to aye nnd
oar, itho wago question, tho Inexpert-
<>iw:o of youttb, wrotchod luwmtn<Mng*»,
starved o ffootlont and  many ctthtr
■ft*iH\i r*f*t\     f-vtliH-ti     l»«'f ^. * k%* ■*    '»»-.*- 1,.1-r. w-U
i»UtuUn* n ohallmnto to *h« wm-
•tmictivo Christian thinker."
The foregoing is from the reiiort
tnwn woclal vlco preoentod to the torn*
penance and moml reform bonrd of
th© MethodHrt -Ohuroh by Rov. W, L.
Hall, at tho weotinK thi* afternoon -nt
-inn iMwropoWiair) cJwwta,
In regard to tho nodal evil, »atl»-
faction Js expreMod at tho1 more
luimnno point of view witli regard to
the victims and tlio substitution of tlio
hospital and -home for the law court
and prison, aa weM aa the amendment
by thin year to «Ji« orlminal -codo,
which for the firtt tlmo seeks to put
offendora at t»th «exes on a par.
8t«i>» tut* ir«ooiu*m>iuI«-*l to be takon
In conneotloti witii Uritleh ColumWa,
whdoh W regarded m a scandal to
Canada.
The oommltte* on *mn*oment# report, allowed an omphalic protwit
u-gal'iiKt thOt« oxhlbMlont Khkh make
ft fr»nl*r flppwi) **/» tft* n#n*nnnm*tin nf
-mui by «x0o«ufQ on tho stage of
wimlnnkwd mottim dad In tltmh-trA-
orml tiehta.
JUVENILE BOSTONIANS
AT-THE GRAND
The Juvenile Bos-tonlans, the wonderfully talenited and popular mimical
oomediy company, whioh will .present
"lihe Rost of Blandeen" at .the
Grand Theatre Wednesday, November
5th, aro coming fresh from ia trek ovor
the frozen tundras of tho world-famous
Klondike and Tanana goldfields In Yu-
Icon Territory and Alaska, respectively
Canada's and Uncle Sam's rich iposoes-
elons in the Far North.
The tour .was a unique experience
for tho imem*bera of the company aa
iweUl as a never-to-bo-Jorgotton Incident
in tho annate of tihe faraway mining
campo thoy vtlsited*. None of the com*-
pany over had boen Into tho North or
hod boon given opportunity to witness
gold mining. Imagino tho Joy of the
young ladies when, at the first "el<»flp
up" thoy saw, tho generous minors selected from ehlning heaps of yellow
treasure nuggobs of pure gold and distributed them as keopsako, Tho trip,
ono that involved moro than 6,000
millofl of travel toy ocean going oteoan-
ohlpo and river boato, was undontalcon
moro «« a vacation Jouraey than anything else, tout it, proved to be one
of tho mWtiprofitablo vontureo initlio
nlne^oar history of the company, It
wastho first tlmo a big musical com-
pnmy playing now buocoboob ovor toad
entered the Nortih and It took ttio
whole oouiitry toy Btorm. Novor woro
artist® greeted with more ov*envli«l*m«
ing or appreolatlvo applause. The
muolc and show-liungry campo simply
could not got enough nnd extra pot*-
flormnncoo had to bo given at ©very
stopping iplaoe. ,_
■ "Tho Rose of Dl&ndooll," -wihich
bos been ooleolod for the local
ongagomeiDVis tho most «uoooa«fu1 of
nil tho rocont important addltlont to
tho oxtonolvo reportolro of tho Juvenile nostonlane, It wns chosen boca/irao
tho aovornl fino principal ralos glvo a
chanoo nut ono tlmo to present to thoir
best advamage tho tremondotialy ipop-
Mlar loading playors of tlio organlxa-
tlon, Thorn, HoUon, "Patny" Honry,
Dixie White, "DIUy" O'Nellf, Ina Mit-
chell and Venn Lockhart This ploeo
Is one of greater domands and far
moro pretentious than any of those in
which local audiences pnovlously havo
noon the Juvenllo BontonlanB.
For injurie* received whilo ©n«>loy-
ml An tlw Vi***'. MltiA Va ■'*' R-n^rt IT*1
Allison-, of California, (has filed a milt
A»r *u,</«W in Wasft(ngiou «ounty, .tu.
Ho wae employed a« an Oloctric aad
motor -repairman, but on the day h'e
wn» lujwvd, ai tho dlroction of tho
foreman, was working on a motor aa a
"MMIiP-JJOr."
OPENING OF R. C.
CHURCH ATTHE CREEK
The now Catholic Church in courso
of erection by Curry Bros, up here will
be completed this week and opened
on Sunday next
By the courtesy or Mr. B. Black,
©uperlntendont of the M. F. & M. Hy„
a special train haa been granted which
will, leave Fornle at 10 o'clock Sunday
■morning for the opening ..service,
wihleh will take place at 10.30 a.«n. The
return trip will bo mado ait about 12
o'clock. All thoso who .wish to take
advantage of *ho opportunity to visit
tho church and witness opening cor©-
mony om cordially invited.
"BOB" WALKER TO 8PEAK
' t
All those Interested ln bearing a few
facts about "Bowoer's Siberia" or
"How to Jail Coal 'Strlkors,", should
not fall to too present at tho Grond on
Sunday night, wlion an opportunity to
loarn .how the McBride government
deals .with tho "Whito B. C." will bo
afforded, "Bob" Walker is a forceful
opoaker and has a thorough graap of
Uie economic 'Situation.
Tho following will bo "Bob's" itinerary Jor the forthcoming -week:
Fornle, Sunday, Nov, 2.
Hosmor, Monday, Nov. 3.
Coloman, W-ednooday, Nov, 6,
■Hilllorost, Thursday, Nov. 0.   ,
Bollovuo, Friday, Nov. 7.
Lothbrldgo, Sunday, Nov. 0.
Elmer Martin, an etnployd 6T"tho
Dumforllno (III.) mino of tho Big
Crook Ooal Company, bad, a Uirilllng
oxiporlonco a few days ago. Whilo
driving a liaulago -motom one of tho
empty cars in Ms train jumped, tho
track and knocked down a roof «up-
port. A part of tho roof fell on Mar*
tin, ©oraplotoly burying hlra. In a
■short time .tho minor wa* dug out from
undor tho debris, no worto for hi* ex-
porionoo.
U. 8. DETERMINED TO
8TOP DOMINATION  BY
MATERIAL INTERESTS
President's   Remarks   Significant of
Future   Policy—Closer   Relftlone
With South 'America Promised
'MOBILE, Ala,, Oct. 28, —While
avoiding any mention specifically of
Mexico, or any European Influence
connected with tlie Mexican situation,
President Wilson delivered a speech
hero Monday which appeared to ibe
freighted with significance, and. whioh
served to point with further directness
tho policy of the United States not only towards Mexico,, but towards all
Central and Southern American republics.
Mr. WilBon spoke bofore the Southern Commercial congress and tho big
audience whioh heard him constantly
was ewopt with cheers and applause.
Tho president smilingly took his hoar-
-era into his confidence when ho ox-
plained ho must speak "with moderation and without indisoretion."
Diplomats Hear Declaration
A,score of South Amorlcan and
Latin-American diplomats sat Juot behind tho prosldont while ho epoko, and
many of his remarks wero addressed
in conversational tones to them, Thoro
-were thoso In tho -audience who
thought -the prosldont might take tho
opportunity afforded by his spoooh
horo to say something regarding tho
Moxloan orlslB. Ho, however, spoke
only ln general torms, but many of
tho oomtoncoa -wore pointed -with a
moaning oo clear aa to leavo little
doubt of thoir Intent
"Material intoroBta," a phroso much
in uso Internationally of late, in characterizing tho attitude of tho foreign
nations toward 'Mexico, frequently wat
omployiod by tho president. Ho declared tho Annorican republics had suffered long from tho hard bargain* forced
upon thorn by ooncossionarios socking
"material iivtorosts" In tho countries
affected-.
TAXIDERMY
For flrst-claa|fJjytidermy work,
mounting any-fhing from a snake
\ to an elephant, call or writ©
C« R12X2CIS -
P.O. Box 9     .»      West Fernie
Classified AJsi-gn a Wort
HEATER—Nearly mir, for solo;'good
bargain.   Box My city. 99
MINERS LOOK—Every man who has
a wife should also havo a home on
a fruit farm In Creston, You can
buy as good lamias there is ln B~
C. from R. Lamj-it, Creston, B. C.
Only small pay%ats required.   82
FOR SALE—FurnHpe and houso furnishings. J. I. .Mcdonald, corner
Macpherson and fjjjgers SL OS
!- j I "I ■■!>■■'—MUI—
rtiNT—4 roomod
houso, good wolfc wood and cod'i
shod. Apply Bo,t*62 or J, Lalth-
wait©, West. Fornto Ott
FOR SALE—March and April hatched
Pullete, Whito Wyandottes, Whlto
nnd Barrod Rooks, White and Buff
Orpingtons, Alosbury Ducks and
Toulouse Gee-no.   A Davies.        OR
FOR SALE—An Bdleon Cottoart Phonograph with 150 records; this la.a
Mahoney Phono, almost now; can
too heard by appointment. Apply A.
Daggdoy, Box 213, Fornle,        101
COMPETENT STENOGRAPHER and
toook-koopor requires situation; con-
elderaJblo oxporlonco ln low otfioos.
Apply Box 880. 103
FOR SALE—Puro bred Whito Log-
horn roosters at $2.50 oach. Apply
J. /MoLougWIn, West Florals.      103
•t.
BtatB of Ohio, city of Toledo. \
Luea» County, [
, Frank J, Chnnoy mnkea until ttiat he
J» irnnlor pBrtnor of the firm of F. J,
SJl*nel «*. ^°- rtftlT>g business In the
Oity of TolBito, Comity and mate afore-
aalA, ytAthtitnlt. firm will pav the
sum ot ONE IttrjlDtXBD nOLLAnfl for
each an«J «v*ry tut, of Catarrh that
cannot h« curr.1 by tha m« of IIALL'S
-fMT.wemr nmr
■   L    ritAVK 3, CHViVtKY. m
Hworn to before me and Hibeerlbed
ll.my* ^•"i';^ «h'« «th «l*y of Decern-
bar, A. I), un,
f8ea» a. W, OLRARON.
JXtKVF**"*. Curs^asWftr.
Mily *«fl *rl* Mtftlly npoti tttie Mo-Ml
»nd fflwiimii fttirr-acati of tha eyetem.
flon'i for I'inituiuulikl**. ii-a.
JTlaJki:,.,ffsJPv *,CO» Tslsdo, O.
Kola bv all Drciawfttft. Tee.
Taka Jla\r» FnrnnV I'i-Jla tor conntl-
pallon. ,
ISIS THEATRE
PICTURES  CHANGED   DAILY
BEST
ALWAYS
SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY MATINEE AND EVENING
ZUKON
Social Pirate  -  Thrilling three reel European Feature
i REELO
SPECIAL MONDAY
The Governor's Daughter
2 RBEL6
QUALITY AND QUANTITY AT THE ISIS
Show start Saturday Matinee at 2.45 evening 7.00 other evenings 7.30
Our Pictures arc changed every day and a feature every day
Features that are features at the ISIS.
**&__*+
mmmm

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0308933/manifest

Comment

Related Items