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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-04-19

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Industrial Unity is Strength.
APS A, 1013
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
^A, B->f
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 35, Vol. VI.
O'Brien's Seat is
$1.00  A  YEAR.
Jones Defeated by Big- Majority-Sifton
Government Returned with Reduced Majority
The Provincial election ot Alberta
is now over and whilst the Sifton government has been returned to power
the inroads made by the Conservatives
has put a somewhat different complexion on the make-up of the Edmonton legislative,halls, where the Liberals have been for, some years practically the only political party' having
any word in the lawmaking of our sister province. The returns to date
would indicate that the Liberals have
39 seats and the Conservatives 17, but
City and No. 6 Mine was responsible
for'Jones' defeat, according to the following telegram:
' "Jones' defeat due to strong miners'
vote for Socialist. Diamond City and
No. 6 Mines" gave majority to Knight."'
According to reports from Lethbridge, Knight polled a heavier vote
than was expected, and the Socialists
themselves, are well satisfied with the
result of their first political contest
in Lethbridge. ■ The total number of
.ballots cast was 2707 as compared with
amongst the 17 seats conceded to the i 1007 in the bye-election of 1911. •
Conservatives is that of Rocky Moun-!    C. M. O'Brien's vote is extremely
tain.   This seat is yet in suspense as
it appears that the Conservatives did
not get a "large majority," as their j Lundbreck and   Beaver Mines   were
press states. The returns to hand Indicate that the majority in favor of
R. Campbell, the Conservative candidate," is.only 18, but as there are forty
cases of intimidation reported from
Canmore it is more than likely that a
new election will be called for in this
constituency. The vote polled ,for
Charlie O'Brien was 1010 and for R.
Campbell, 1028.
The Lethbridge vote was 1383, Stewart (Con.), 1004 Jones (Lib.-Lab.),
and 320 Knigh't (Soc), thus giving
majority of 59 over both his opponents.
miners' vote for Knight in Diamond
Crows  Nest
more especially in  the
pass,  where  Blairmore,
the only points that failed to give him
a majority. The point of peculiar interest is Banff where a .remarkably
heavy poll'for this time of the year
is recorded, and it is also at this particular point that the Conservatives
managed to run up a vote to help them
along in climbing up to Charlie's solid
vote in the Pass.
As yet we have no authentic returns of the vote for Dick .Burge, Alf.
Budden, Geo. Paton, or Malcolm McNeill who were contesting seats for.
the Socialist party, but it is reported
"that Dick- Burge lost his , deposit in
Trades Disputes of
Short Duration and
Not MuchEffected
Fourteen   Strikes   During   Month
March—Mining   Industry  Was
Considerably  Affected
Teaming, Manufacturing and Building
Operations Continue as Before
Labor Dispute
In accordance with the. decision at
the mass meeting of the unions connected witli the strike practically all
the men returned to work yesterday
Teaming,, manufacturing and such
building as was held up by the cessation of work was resumed and everything appeared to be running along
very much as hefore the strike.
Some instances occurred, it was
said, where men concerned in the
strike were refused their old positions
but in the majority of cases the men
took up their old jobs.—Nelson News.
Striking Miners Still Out
James Stewart of Ymir Makes Statement Regarding Situation at Queen
and Silver Dollar.
OTTAWA,    APRIL   14.—industrial
conditions' were not very seriously af-
footed by trade disputes during March
an Improvement being evident as compared with the preceding month, while
conditions were much the same as
during the corresponding  month  of
last year.   There wero In all 14 disputes ln existence, involving directly
about 2,120 employees,   The mining
Industry wns  affected considerably,
disputes being in-existence In Cobalt
and   Porcuplno,   Ontario;   Britannia
Boach and Vancouver Island, British
Columbia.   A satisfactory feature of
tho    disputes    common ?>ng    during
March wos that the only onos which
affected  a considerable  number of
employees  woro  of   short   duralton
Vliouo  included   Btrlkea . oi". the garment   wor] on , nt   Toro.ito,   textile
workers nt Montmbreui;.' Palls, Quo-
bee, and telephone employees tit various places ln BrltlBh Columhia.   Tho
last named Htrlko, aftor lasting rather moro than a weok, was sottlod
directly hetween tho partlos through
conferences arranged hy the department's fair wngo offlcar stntlonod at
Vancouver.   Tho number of working
days lost through trado disputed in
March   was   about   40,000.     Throe
hoards under the Industrial Disputes
Act woro noting for Uio Bottlomont of
dlHputos during Mnrch.
suggested the possibility that amendments to the law'might be advisable.
Mr. Guthrie of Wellington, said the
present government" would not pr6se-
cute manufacturers for evasions of
the law. A prosecution _ inaugurated by the late government had been
stopped, he said.-
At tho evening session the closure
debate was resumed by Hon. Chas.
Marcll, ex-speaker of the house,
whose criticism of the new rules was
that htey were more drastic than the
British closure that in the event of
a decision to cut' off a debato such
action could bo taken on the second
day, even If the debate "had not been
resumod. In the British houso the
mattor would bo left to the discretion of the ..speaker.
* The adoption of this course constituted a groat' imperial tragedy.
Even If tho bill wore finally passed
the value of the gift would ho much
Impaired by tho fact that Canada's
action had beon taken, not by tho
unanimous consont of tho pooplo, but
in splto of tho views of tho pooplo.
Ho predicted that some dny the
rul6s would bo Invoked to deprive
tho rtilnorlty throughout the country
of thoir privileges,
Tho diflcusBlon was contlmiod by
Messrs. Domoroa, Hughes (Prince
Kdward Island) and Knowles of
Moose Jaw, and the adjournment was
moved hy Mr. McCranoy, of Saskatoon.
"Contrary to the reports which are
being circulated in this city, the strike
which was called at the Queen mine,
Sheep creek and the Silver Dollar at
Salmo, after the finding of the conciliation board, is still in progress."
So stated James Stewart, representing
Ymir local No! 85 of the miners' union
at the Grand Central last evening.
Mr. Stewart states that there are
35 men out at the Queen and six at
the Silver Dollar. The other mines
paying the schedule demanded, according to Mr. Stewart, and the miners
out at- the two. remaining mines are
very .keen on fighting to a. finish,
judging from the votes taken in the
union  meeting held recently, he states.
Mr. Stewart was-deputed to Nelson
by his union to look after the Interests of the striking miners from this
♦ ♦;♦♦♦ ♦
♦ ♦ ♦
U.  M.  W.  OF A.
MAY DAY (May 1)
To Be Held in Lethbridge
Addresses will be given by
English, Italian, and Slavonian speakers.
Special " cheap excursion
trains will run from all points
between Fernie and Pincher.
For further particulars as
to trains and programme of
sports see posters.
The Inhabitants of Michel had a
rude awakening during the small hours
of Saturday. morning by the alarm
of fire, when the store of Trites-Wood
company was burned to the ground,
also the Imperial bank and the dwelling house occupied by Mr. Lockhart,
manager of the Michel opera house.
The fire seems to have originated in
the warehouse of the store and spread
rapidly until the whole building was
in flames. It made a fine spectacle
for the large crowd of onlookers who'
soon appeared on the scene, lined up
on the C.P.R. tracks. The flames
leaped across the adjoining space to
the Bank premises and thence to tlie
dwelling house. ' The next building
had a miraculous escape. The surgery and hospital were also threatened.
The force of water was very weak for
some time and the men were unable
to play upon the buildings from a safe
distance. Surely this ought to be a
lesson to the,proper authorities to see
into the water system and have it
made reliable, especially seeing that
there is no trained fire corps or .sygi
DEADWOOD, S.D., April IG.—Nearly 1,000 men, it is said, are fighting
forest fires in the Black hills, south
of here. Fanned by a stiff wind the
fires have destroyed millions of fcei
cC the best timber in the hills, located
about GO miles south of this city. Supervisor Imes, in charge of 250 fire
fighters, telephoned tonight that the
fire is working west and is within two
miles of Printile, a village in Custer
Pernio was visited by two fires during the week, the first, occurring on
Tuesday about 1.30 p.m., and the other in the early hours of Wednesday
morning. Tuesday's fire was a small
house .back of -Mitchell's boarding
house, on Dalton avenue. Mr. Bell,
the tenant, had just started to furnish
it in anticipation of the arrival of liis
family from the old country. The
house was insured, but not the ion-
On Wednesday, about 5.30 a.m., a
fire broke out at the residence of
Frank Zeman on Victoria avenue. The
•place is a total wreck, but was insured for $900.
Strikers And Police Clash
Leaving   One   Man   Nearly   Dead   o
Field—Revolvers   Drawn
Coal Now Running Short, Railways and Other
Industries May Have to Discontinue
Operations Shortly
CALGARY, April 19.—-At 1.30 this
morning fire broke out In a tiilor-
ing shop next door to the Morning
Albertan, which, spread rapidly to
the newspaper building, completely
enveloping the plant In flames within a few minutes,
Tho telegraph operators, Messrs.
Coylo and Gibbs, hnd a narrow escape, leaving their hats and clothing behind.
At 2.15 a, m. It is reported that
tho Albertan establishment, togeth-
er with two adjoining buildings will
he a complete loss.
1IUDDERSFIELD, Eng,, April 16.-
Harry Snoll, tho Labor Socialist candl-.
dato for Huddorsfleld has boon selected to prepare tho authorized Hfo
story of the lato W. T. Stead, who
porlshod In the Titanic disaster a year
ago yostorday1
"temaficT-u]>&^ate appliances in the
camp. No surprise would have been
caused had the wholef. of that block
been destroyed, after, seeing the handicap the men had to contend with.
Some belated members of the Oddfellows gave the when, on their
return home from the* hall in New
The fire is believed to have originated through faulty electric wiring.
The man at the power house said he
distinctly felt a shock at about 4 a.m.
The fire in the Trites-Wood store was
discovered at 4.30. The loss to the
Trites-Wood company is estimated approximately at $110,000, eighty per
cent, of which is covered by Insurance.
Mamoronneck, N.Y., April 14.—Four
hundred strikers, marching in a column, engaged fifty policemen in a
hand to hand conflict, Jeremiah Cody,
a private detective, received the
brunt, of the strikers' onslaught. He
is suffering from a stiletto wound in
the neck and a broken leg.
When he fell the engagement became general and the police under the
command of Chief of Police O'Neill,
drew their revolvers and fired. The
strikers retreated, taking their wound-
was left behind. His identity has not
been established.        °
The strikers are members of the
Laborers' International Union of America and were making the rounds of
manufacturing plants driving off the
laborers when employers refused to
grant an increase in wages and a
shorter working day.
BRUSSELS, Belgium, April 1C—
statement issued by the ministry of
the interior this morning admits that
257,000 men have joined the national
political strike of the Belgian workers
who have chosen this means of forcing
the grant of manhood suffrage and the
abolition of the system by which
wealthy citizens are given plural voting power.
The Socialist leaders today claimed
that the total number of strikers is
over 400,000.
It is stated that the Belgian government finds itself with a very small
supply of coal to run the state railroads. This supply is likely to be exhausted by the end of the'week. Lack
of fuel will cripple the facilities and
prevent, many thousands of non-strikers from working.
From various, parts of the" country
reports show that in some places the
movement has been successful while
in others, more especially
under the control of the
unions, the men are lukewarm.
Violence has been exceptional since
the order to quit work was given on
Troops kept busy
LA LOUVIERE, Belgium, April 16.—'
The troops in this city were busy this
morning tearing down anti-military
posters which had been pasted up during the night. Each squad of soldiers
was surrounded by a group of strikers
who mocked them.
The municipal street cleaners' today
joined in the strike, which is nearly
complete in this district.
Miners Alt Quit Work
■MONS, Belgium, April 14.—Of the
35,000 coal miners in this district all
have quit their work except 2,000, who
are keeping the machinery running.
All the machine shops, potteries, and
other facilities are Jdle.
TEXAS   TO   SUE   FOR   $100,000,000
OTTAWA, Apr. lli.—Tho first brenk
In the debute on the elomiro resolution since II wan Introduced by Premier Borden on Wednesday last oc-
cuitoiI today, the entire, afternoon
lining -tn Icon "up with tlio0 consideration of a labor question,
Mf   Cni'voll  nf Pine Ttretnn   wnvful
tho ndlmirnmnnt of the hmiHO to ills-,   ,**.    ..     .-,.).-n,
rn,, tu action of the dopnrtmontnof i J-,£ £?^>™ ^ *»"» "
labor iuul immigration in connection'
with thu   UrliiRliiK   into Canada of
photo oimrnvors to replace ongrnv*
ith nn  nt.rlkn  In  Toronto nnd   Montreal.    IIo contended, tlmt .thoy had
ln>on filloWetl to enter Canada In eon-
traventton of tho law and that Hon.
BERLIN, April 11.—Tho Budget!
commlttoo of tho, nolchBtng, by a
largo majority, adopted a resolution
today Instructing tho Imperial Chan-
collor to notify tho Herman pilncois
that In vlow of .tho cwt. of Nie nnny
hill It wan urgently to ho dealrod tlmt
thoy Hhould reduce their staffs of personal aides,
The resolution also dlroctod tho
Chancellor to propare to carry or. tho
Ideas-of the commlttoo, Tho n;t!on
of tho commltteo followed tho do font
of a motion mado hy ono of, tho Soclnllst niomhoi'H "onlllng upon tho Kaiser
to reduce tho number of IiIb onuorrloa
irom iwvivo te mx. Jno estimates pro-
CHICAGO, I11h„ April 1(3,—The s(ato
legislature's Investigation committee
that Ib seeking Information concerning
T. W. Crotliors, who has charge of maternity' hospitals In nnd nbout Chi-
hoth tho labor nnd Immigration de- cngo, hns found thnt hundreds of now-
pnrtmontH at present hnd failed In born babies nro nnnunlly bought and
hi* duty to the labor unlona. j Hold in Chicago J)kn ordinary ehnltoln.
Tho minister denied the truth of
UmMti alienations, lie «nld that ov-
crythiwr within reason had boon
done hy the department whose action had heen affected hy a "Judgment Riven In tho courts, Ho had
administered to tho bent ot hia ah-
III'V, tbt* l.v* which had bteu \,ah-
ed by tha late government and which
waB helnjf enforced by officials np-
pointed   by   that   jtorerometft.   Ho
None of the bnbloa over lonrris the
Identity of Its father and few of them
ever ace their motliera, Many mothers
pennllcia rind facing disgrace, sign
contractu to give up their unborn babies In return for medten! service, for
which they could not haye otherwise
paid for. k state liiatllullun when*
nameleaa children may bo eared for
and educated Into Uvea of im^fulnofla
now U planned.
As the mon working on tho morning
Bhlft were about to board I'ho Coal
Creek train thoy woro Informed that
a minor In No, 1 North mine, named
Pnul Bngalor, hnd boon crushed to
denth hy a cavo-ln. Of courHO the men
returned to tliolr homes. It was seine-
time boforo the. unfortunate mnn wns
oxtrlcntod, nnd nt flrnt It wns thougnt
there wnn another one with him. This
fortunately was not the ensc.
Tho deceased wna n member of (liml-
atone. Locnl, a Slavonian*hy birth"nnd
nbout thirty-throe yearn of nw, lie
had worked i for snmci yenrs in the
Ooril Crook mines, hut roRldod lii Fernie.
***t  '      c,,    ... 1 *,,-.. '
lnrfely ni tended,
The Inqueet
Tho Inquest wns held on Thursday,
Coroner Muri-iy of Michel presiding.
After evidence hnd boon  beard the
llll-V   t>t-mt"1lt    Itl    r,    ynfilllit    ,1*    „V.,.t.l •*..,'»
nl death due to suffocation. <\
In this connection It Ih once more
Interesting to nolo that not n iilnglo
miner wns on tho jury, which consist'
nd nf n plasterer, n saloonkeeper, n
hairdresser, n carpenter, a sawmill
worker, nnd a banker. We do not for
a moment doubt hut thnt these Rcntl^.
men received the evidence' in a m(w\
conscientious nnd Just manner)! but It
must be admitted thnt to ft laymun
especially to men who mny never h«ve
soon the Inalile of a mine, It Ih difficult to understand the terma used and
th«tr al irnlt lean ce. Hnrely n Jnrr
which would comprlae of a miner or
two would m much facilitate and expedite matters.
Frank Mercy, a French Canadian,
who had beon lodged In tho city jail
to work out a sontonco of six months
for stealing a watch at Now Michel,
escaped from custody on Saturday,
Fire-Chief Mncdoiignll, who was sworn
In as a special constable some two or
three years ngo, has boon in tho habit
of calling for the services of prisoners
at tho flro hnll on various occasions,
Tho chief of police objectod to sending this man ovor to tho flro hall, nnd
tho mattor was referred to the mayor
who gavo Instructions to allow tho
man to do work nt the flro hall whon
desired by the fire chief, Mercy being tho only man nvnllahlo, and also
apparently a llttlo liuno, wnB.dispatched on this work, and whllfit tho fire
chief wns away to breakfast decided
to bond for tho boundary. Ho was
caught by Constablo Collins t\\. Dorr
and brought bnck' to Fornlo Tuesday.
$10,000,000  ASKED  AS   DAMAGES
Anniversary   of   Sinking   of   Titanic
Fixed   by   Court   as   Last
Day for Filing Claims
The annual general meeting of the
Fernie board of trade was held on
Monday evening last in the council
chamber of the city hall. The'officers elected for the ensuing year were
President, A. B. Trites; vice-presi
dent, F. C. Dubois; secretary-treasurer, Alex. Macneil. The new council comprises Messrs. Lawe, Quail,
Muirhead, Stewart, S. Herchmer, II.
and S. Norton. A committee was appointed to take up with the G.N. Ry.
officials questions of common interest
to the business element of the city
and the, railroad corporation. The
need of an assessor in connection
with the provincial government offices
was also keenly felt and steps taken
to get an appointment made. The
question of publicity of our fair city
was also discussed but just at the
present it was not considered wise to
dabble with this.
NEW YORK, April 15.—With the
serving of a subpoena on John D.
Archbold today it was learned that the
state of Texas has .begun a suit
against the Standard OU interests to
recover 5100,000,000 for alleged violation of the trust statutes of that
state. The attorney general of Texas
claims that the Standard Oil com-,
panies of New York, New Jersey, Ken-
NEW YORK, April 15,—Today, the
first anniversary of the steamship
Titanic, has been set as tho laBt day
on which claims against the White
Star Steamship company, ownors of
the Ill-fated ship, can he filed in the
United States district, court, for loss
of life and property. DamagOB in excess of $10,000,000 already have boon
The Inst day for filing claims was
originally set for February II, but tho
time was extended, tip to that time
a total of $8,000,000 In alleged dam-
agos had boon asked of Iho conipnny,
Nlntoy-nlno claims aggregating $2,-
210,000 havo boon filed hIiico that date
and more may he added today,
''The amount In which tho Whlto
Star Steamship company Is liable will
bo announced In a decision to ho handed down this week hy. the United
StateB district court.
A washout occurred In the Baptist
church basement last week which will
necessitate rebuilding a portion of tho
foundation wall.
In order to avoid all risks the
building wnBnot used on Sunday last.
During tho weok tho wnll has beon
reinforced from Inside wilh heavy
timbers, rendering tho structuro perfectly safe until such time nB the nee
ossnry permanent repairs can be completed. Tho church will ho open mi
usual on Sunday and a cordial welcome Is cxlcndod to all.
fucEy~Ohio and Indiana are practically under one control. In short, it is
set forth "that the Standard Oil'
trust" still exists and operates the
Magnolia Petroleum company as its
Texas branch:
Striking Miners
Threaten to-Make
Goverment Act
Mass Meeting Favors Seizing of Train
Service In Order to Secure
Heavy Guard of Scotland Yard Men
Protects It From Suffragettes
LONDON, April ir»-The Hank of
lJnglaml Ik surrounded by Scotland
Yard detectives today to prevent any
furl hor attempt hy militant miffrn-
gotten to wreck Hint Institution. Us-
ports who tndny examined the cnn of
dj'iinmltn, .Hllppod Inaldo thn bank's
railing, ^found several hnlrplna and nn
u,.„*,n*^ m.*uv.,ji   ,.*ni, n i*t,,.v ,*t,t..n;iu^*i i*)
:\  tlri'.f- fu".(>.
The Late Mrs. Robert
Fairolouirli is Laid at Rest
A'great gloom nettled on tlie como
when word wiih received of the denth
of Mrs. Robert Fnlreloiigh, which took
plnco In I-VrnlcT lingpitn! on Sunday,
Sho hnd been removed there on Sun-
dny mornlim.   The deceived wns well
respected by nil who know her uiul
her prenenee will ho prently minted
|   especially hv  the  younger  ^enen-
tion, of whom she wna very fond, always heiriR deeply intorrmfed In any-
thing fnr tho children's welfare. The
lavmpftthv ef the  rn*slri«nti« of Vint
| Creek go mil to those left to mourn.
A  larp-" ennronraw of -f'reeklte^  followed the remn'na to the eemeterv on
Wednei'!i-v   Tlie rempnny klndlv run
i* tpttrM tr.iln.
Hard Coal Truat Under Consideration
by United States Department
of Justice
WASHINGTON, April 10,-The
"hard con]" nlhintlon, It wiib
lonrned tonight, Is being Rtudled by tlio
department of juntlee to dotnrinlnn the
niitnru and" extent of further poNsible
Htepa hy tho federal government In nt-
tempfH lo never thn alleged connections, direct nnd indirect, of conl-enr-
rylng railroads wilh mining eonipiin-
lefl. Altornoy-rjeiinriil MelloynnldK,
who wna*. tho gover.ninent'R counnel In
Uittj uiiKHiiii ihtm mill hun,, iii.'i:iui.-i| uy
<!.</ .:uy-. :,.,.■ n.sil ):, I'.,., -„\,i- .,,-(.;
fiiinlllar with Ibe conditions In the
iiiilhmelte flolds, Is oKpnetml to take
up the Hltiintlon personally nn toon nn
ho elenrn nwny other pfenning qu-ea-
It la understood that the department
will consider the ultimtlon from the
viewpoint „of both thin Shorrnnn antitrust net nnd the commodities clniis,*»
of tho Interstate Ooiinnerco not.
On Wednesday a special mooting of
the city council waB hold for the purpose of changing tho rate of Interest
In connection with certain throe bylaws.
On Thuraduy tho regular mooting
was held, the main biiHlnosB being tho
third reading of by-law Nos, 128, 129,
and 120, It wns also decided to tako
a poll on thoae on Wednesdny, April
Ono, Unrton'a nmhulniico account,
nmounting to^OS.OO, wns referred to
the flnnnco committee.
Col, Mrlekny nnd f'eo. O'llrlen  np-
SYDNEY, N. S. W., April 14.—
Desperate suggestions nro being mado
by the a section of the striking miners at Broken IIIII. Yostorday at a
mass meeting, It was suggested that
unloss the government moved quickly, tho atrlkora should take control
of tho railway service In Hicbo partB,
and run tho trains themselves,
The men hnvo already taken control of tho Bnnltary service of tho
municipality, while now practically all
of tho mines are closed up, Efforts
on tho part ot tho minors to organise
a transport Borvlco hnvo failed nnd
a section of tho men nro anxious to
nuhinit.thoir case to arbitration, chafing at tho unemployment and believing that a compromise Is probable.
At a twibb meeting yesterday, other
onthuslnfltB'enrrled a resolution In fiver of taking poHHcssIoii of the trains
unless the govnrninojit > noted within
twonty-four hours, Tho minors concluded by dinging the Ma'rsoIUnlHO.
Did you ovor .hoar,*pf tlm Thespian
■nrt?. If not, In the nniif i'futiire you
will hnvo nn opportunity of Hcmmr
foine  local   Inlent, "dli^liiy  their  hi-..
peared or. bnlmll of the local V'«»«^|,r,oni(f ,„„, ,.„,,„, nmiiUiH ns „ .„„„
ana' nawietotlon., Ill connection with :,,,riI| Waok ,lH nnnf„nr((l wl„, ,„„
Oii..propo8<«lnjelnorlnltoilio.vlctlmBj«c,roWi„ ,,,,„ ,ol(| ,,,„ mtWHCTUim,;.
of tho oxploNJW In the Coat Creek ex- j,,,,,, „|(,rn n„^ Ilulllll(M.,(lf y„ „„,,
ploriion of .1.10- |m)t ,0 ,,„,,„j0ll ymitlK „.,■,„„,„, w)||,
 .. —,                 „jtbe pl.'tn (tlroiluy outlined in'llcklo the
, .The monthly Hliitennnit j/sihlished
by the Ilonrd of Trnde Lnlw Hnzettn
shows that jthe emplojinent. for January ,,on thi) whole cot)t!nii''d to he
«!nnd. The pereer>!ft*7<» ef unemployed
! reported by tho trade union* nt the
end of the month won 2"2 iif-r'cent
*i cnmpnred with 5'.3 per cent In
December, 1012. nnd 2." per < nt In
January, 1918.
riulhllltlofi of, tho coiiiiiiiiiilt.y  wiih  a
, J-.Ui.aral eotni'ily.    tii) if at any .time wi
.     »„, ,   jj,,,,,,,, |,0„u,. j,,)*,, .;(. nlj;ht. tlu-ri* should"
The iin-Hliuv of ty. ex-euHve of tie- [),,, a Il()1:,(> h,.*m| y.,n-m, u,m -x .,],,,,,,
league wan hold at the Southern hotel, !i|mt Ih hi oh-m-m i.nm.'U*<H. i.leii-w. ,!,*,
Iieileviie, on nmunijiy iithi.    int. lt)l-|m,t linenlne the linniil-n ef WohHii'.mi.
'"'•'iif. " i1" *...-....;> i.i.iv. ,<) ttyifif,- i!,.,   „(,^   iji4,jM it  i;iitiiv,!H, at.  it
:UU''":. [tnVt'J   I.i,   a   It U   e;,!;il!;*,i,)hl.i   ii'l,,,t  ,■',,,,!,
Jan.   Wllmn,  FVni'.i-'     .1.   Dreh-'ei, : »»,,,jr   »,.,.;,,-),,,   ;l,\, s>
Coleman; P, Mcrioverii, MIclKd: J;»h. !   '.All Inti-r.r.ti'il In kiimvlun wnmro iho
Sharping,   Conl  Creel!;  Wm,   Itimhlu. j,,iJU;f! |M .l)1(| (jf {.iUliK ,,.„., hl ,,'„, ,,..,,.
ttiiumt, ,  .i.   ti.   .innUMi-i,   :..„,!.;../,.,    „.,,.,,   ,.,rr,|]:i||v    nivile.i    !o   drop -'u   J,TiJ
Sam Vnton, IIIHereiit,    lUAil.    I^viti, ;,(, j».o, iH,^ ;,;;,   Thlonpidles to Imth
Hnllevue; and A. .1, Carter, wecreiarv.; j:„j|(m im,| Kl.ntle.TiiPiit.
The president, Mr. ,l(m. firaftou wn t! ..   ,__
unnvoldnbly nbHont
Severn! nmi'iidineiiln wero rend- to
the evlsllnir rulei. and rules w.-'r>-
nine adopted to govern In the mutt-iv
of cup Hew, M-z-t'-'ir*! WII«on nnd C:v
ter were npiwlnted lo jirrnuito tint,:*,
which will he prime! and dent nut to
IIOSTOV, Mass., April |,V-,,\ Kener.
X, in- rt ,.;.,i ii*, a,,, ■,,,,'4'f-i i'f,r |tM opnrn-
torH  in  thet  greater   Ikiaton   d'Ktrlrt
.,,,,., ,        , . ,;:""' !" nt^T '•'"•«•'• c!t!e« In which it
the clubs.   Colonial, made satisfactory nperntPi, '-'wna nnnotne...!
nrranRitments to return  tho Crabnn jthe N>w Kngtaml Telepl
Cup" ilit;i\i]i  <oni|i;jiiy.    Tiie
With the fnrt'er repr*»*enfi»»fon
there aro now eight club* In the k-iiK-*
ue, Tim enoiiliig nea«on in looked forward to ho tho ,jno»t micfoaaful In the
hlatory of tho icnuuo
toiilwht liy'1
lon'e .-not Tole-
iiicrcane aver-
»;:'■".', t:|.'gh(ty lun» 'Uno ii.nn n wi-fk.
June I In the dato tot upon which.tbo
aehednlo ton* Into effect, In llogf.on
and probably «ij#ewhere, according'to
a company official. _ K*^_-w^-i^M.»-i*t^rT^^aWBS^*J5S?F»U*a^^
t r.h
■ i% 'i
t    »
- r
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
1 have in my possession a prescription
tor nervous debility, lack of vigov,
weakened manhood, failing memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatural drains, or Uie follies <".f
youth, that has cured so mnny worn
and nervous men right In their own
homes—without any additional help or
medicine—that I think every .nan ivho
wishes to regain his manly power snd
virility, quickly and qul-jtlv, should
have a copy. So I have deiurmined to
send a copy. So I have determined to
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write ive for
it- X   ,
This prescription comes from a physician who has made a special -study ut
men and 1 am convinced !t is tlio surest-acting combination for th.i cure of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together.
I think 1 owe it to my fellow man to
send them a copy In confidence so that
any man anywhere„who ls weak and
discouraged with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure what I
believe ls the quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy over devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a Une like this: Dr, A. E. Robinson, 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mich.,
and I will send you a copy of this
splendid recipe in a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $S.OO to $5.00 for
merely writing out a prescription like
this—but I send It entirely free.
Alabattins it easily  applied.    All
you  need to help
you is cold water
and av flat   brush.
Alabastine    walls
make the  home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful   It will
not soften on the
wall like kalso-
minc.   Because
willhardenwith ■
age, become
part of the wall (
itself.and last
for many
A Word to Our Members
An Alabastine wall can
be re-coated without removing the old coat.     Alabastine
wall* are the most sanitary. They
are hygenic  No insect or disease |
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
want   them   all   Alabastined.
Cold Water
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found   In   such   a   display   of
We have the best money
cari buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, Kish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56
Dropin and let us show you beautiful samples of Alabastine work.
',Let ua show how to get beautiful
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make  your home
charming   at   a
moderate cost.
Hardware - Furniture
Dear Sir and Brothers :;-i
Having had the opportunity of hearing the Lethbridge situation discussed
by our District officers, as well as
some of our membership from March
Slst to date, I feel it my duty to, at
this time, offer a few suggestions foi
your earnest consideration.
Some of you, particularly in Fernie,
have wondered why I have not entered into the present controversy. Thru'
adopting a more or less silent or neutral attitude, some of my sincerest
friends have seen fit to judge me, and
furthermore, to cut themselves aloof,
as it were, from a person whose very
presence may poison their own innocent minds, ancl possibly cause them
to fall into a trap. I am not worrying in the least over the fact that
some who are so hasty in jumping to
canclusions are'taking that stand, nor
will I worry over anything that may
be said of me providing it is not all
a stab-in-the-back policy.
I haye worked long enough among
miners and have done business long
enough for them lo know that sooner
or later a man's true worth will be dis--
covered. Unfortunately, most' men
who have had sterling qualities and
who have had certain altruistic tendencies in their struggles for bettering the workers' conditions have during their lifetime had to oftentimes
fight unwarranted prejudices and
abuse from their fellow workers,
thereby making their work doubly
considerable time he is satisfied that
the suggested plan is the one to work
on. There are others in our organization who cannot see eye to eye,
men, who, no doubt, have given the
matter serious attention. Hence the
question, as I see it at this time, is
for us to decide as to what policy we
should pursue. No man will, to my
mind, be foolish enough to say that
because Stubbs i has considerable
knowledge of the Labor question that
he is infallible nor will the same be
said of. Gray or anyone else. We are
all liable to mistakes, even the whole
of the rank and file are liable to mistakes, but whether we conclude rightly or wrongly, wc have to decide on
this question with the facts and the
limited knowledge that we have at
our command at present. We may
say today that Stubbs Is right, tomorrow, Stubbs is wrong, or vice versa.
But as already stated, we must decide on the issue at it presents itself,
not on personalities. We should it
least have courage enough to decide
a question today as best we know how
and if tomorrow we feel that yesterday's decision was a wrong one then
we should be prepared to decide ac-
I am not a student of scientific Socialism, sociology, or in fact, any other science, but in' my humble opinion,
our professors in their opinions ar-e
as varied as the masses; hence neither the student nor the layman can be
ings. The privation through which
many pass leave them weak ahd susceptible, and after a "flood there are
always many additional cases' of fever
and other diseases.
While it is the duty of tradesmen to
make all tliey can out of this great
chance that has been thrust upon them
it is also their duty to save them*;
selves. So the quicker they can make
money now, the quicker they will be
able to get out of the stricken district when the coming of warmer
weather stirs to activity the pestilential germ life left in the dark places of the cities and towns.
Can any capitalist paper that looks
with favor upon the ordinary transactions of business find anything to
condemn in such ■ providence and
thrift? tt seems good, sound business judgment. It looks like high
ability brought to perfection. Out of
evil for many has come good for a
few. And this is the way of the capitalist world.—New York Call.
From a Bull Mooser's Standpoint.
As C. B. Stanton says, when a man I blamed for holding different opinions.
Bar supplied with   the   best "Wines,
Liquors anil Cigars
dies, especially in Wales, he can have
all kinds of glowing eulogy over his
grave, an orchard of flowers on his
coffin, and miles of mourners to follow him, but is it. not hard to think
that we wait until a man dies before
!\ve can give him the least bit.of thanks
or one word of encouragement.
Our movement necessitates us having men as officers. It behooves us
to be as close in our scrutiny of their
conduct as possible, but in all fairness to them and ourselves let us
give them credit for honest motives
until we can prove otherwise. Legally
the prisoner has the benefit of the
doubt, hence if we cannot prove a
man guilty, we have to accept him as
innocent. '
The foregoing remarks are not written for the purpose of some of you
reviewing any opinions or statements
that may have been made regarding
myself but merely to lead up to the
few things I ask you to earnestly consider: —■	
Thomson & Morrison.
Funeral Directors Fernie*
Local Agents
Orders taken throughout the Pass
B. C.
Bellevue Hotel
In  the  Pass,—
Dest  Accommodation — Every
Excellent Culslnc.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subicrlbtd
Reeerve Fund ....
0,000,000       Capital Paid Up ,,,.       0,770,000
6,770,000      Total Atiett      72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President MON. ROOT JAFFRAV, Vice-Fret.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloopt, Michel, Moyie, Nelion,
Revelitoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
ktereit allowed on depoelti at current rate from date of depoelt.
CAPITAL*, $15,000,000
Iitued by The Canadian Hank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting amall sums of money.   These Orders,
;ayabte without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
erritory) and in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the following rates;
$5 and under ..,,,,    Scents
Over   S and not •xecedlnf $10..,.,.,,,.,   6    "
•J    JO     •< « 30  .'.10   ■«
"    30     " « SO ....IB    «
tfuwM tii mi<!« hf moan* of our SPECTA.L POREK1H DRAFTS *ol UOliUY
OBOKK&  IshmhS without delay at raaaooa&lt tarn.
The question as I see, it is one of
great moment. One' which requires
deep and careful study, and one which
none of us can afford to treat in a
superficial or haphazard manner. Before we delve any way deeply Into the
question we can all agree upon this
point, that we cannot afford to .fight
one another. Our organization has
no room for internal strife or dissension, our battle is stubborn enough
when we all fight together, let alone
when our forces are divided. The
old Bible quotation Is to my mind very
true and applicable In'this case: "A
house that Is divided against itself
cannot stand." We must remember
our struggle with the operators or
capitalists ls not a periodical one but
a dally ono. Wo have somo trouble
or another arising continually and we
cannot, afford to speak of withdrawing from our unions or any other thing
having divisional tendencies. Ask
yourselves tho question: How aro
the oporators looking at this situation?
Thon iirIc yourself the question:
What will profit, you nnd your kind
most—tho present apparent tendency
toward rtlBsonslon or a tondency toward harmony nnd the keeping of our
forces na solidified aa possible? We
havo another phaso to remember. Wo
nro a portion of nn organization which
geographically Ib very fnr reaching,
iib coHinopolltnn aa It Is possible to
bo, with naturally aB much diversity
of opinions an any prosont dny organisation, but for all Its creeds, nation-
ulitloH und colors within ItH ranks,
when wo woro forced to doclnro war
with our employers on account of the
lilgli-handed wny thoy tronlod our officers In conferoncos, our organization
eiimo forward and supported us until practically every mnn returned to
work, cont Ing the organization approximately $.r>riO,O0O, Nova Scotln coit
ovor 1 Vi million. The Pacific const
strlko Is now being endorsed and supported by the International.        "
In view of the foregoing I tnk> ll
tlmt nny man who wns assisted dur-
Ine our rocont strike. If lie wlshej to
bo honornblo nt least, when lie calmly
sits down and conBtilors, cannot bo
cowardly enough to withhold paying
IiIh dues to his organization. The
fact that somo of our mombers may
differ with the policy of our officers
lo ^orfnltilv nt*i aiifflrl-fnt timtlftcn-
tion for nn kttempt to weaken our organization. Officers may como and
go and will como and go, but wo cannot afford to say that ot our union,
It is our duty as union men to din-
REST, $12,500,000   «•««'•"'■»«»"" thafarlw from time
' '        7 to timo as cooly nnd dispassionately
ns po8»lble, There Is no earthly reason for dragging in personalities Into
any fight. It Is not for un to consider
the respective characters of Clem
Stubbs, Jack Gray, Norwich, Carter,
M al„ and thereby loae night of ttvc
Issue, Th* question for us to determine is whether or not tlw imt ley advocated by Clem Stubbs It advantage*
oui for the workers In the District,
Whether wo cnn gnltt anything by
said policy or whether we can make
mora profrets along the lines t/tvo-
t*ud by .Mm. (GtubbaJ t&aa we have
done In the past, Stubbs tells you
that after studying tbe question for a
I am tempted to believe that the majority of the working class are beginning to realize what they want, and,
what is more, the majority seem to be
unanimous in the decision that we
must own the tools of production, having the full product of our toil instead of a scanty portion, but that
same majority cannot agree on tactics. Cannot agree on the speediest
method of claiming for ourselves our
just right. Hence the Lethbridge
In conclusion I would ask our men
to bury their suspicions and prejudices that have arisen. Bury any
personal animosity. Be brothers,
the issue squarely, and above all, when
the membership at large express their
opinion (if they do), that the parties
whose 'contentions are not supported
by said majority work hand in hand
for the purpose of the building up of
the organization-, until we can place
ourselves in the position of being able
mand, that which is rightfully ours,
the full product of our toil. That
undoubtedly is our goal, much as we
quibble as to the shortest road. Hence
it behooves us to sound the clarion
call with that end In view.
"Workers of the World, Unite!"
Workers of tho world, unite
Your forces against the foe;
Stand together in the fight,
Your solidarity show.
Tongue and pen will do the part
To cause us fight each other;
Hence stand we must heart to heart,
Each worklngman our brother.
Are the surprise and Indignation ex-
preBsod by thc nowspapors at tho
stories of extortionate prices for food
In the storm-nwept districts real or
assumed? If they are real, thon thoy
show ignorance; If they aro assumed,
thoy show hypocrUy. We aro taught
to bo alort for the knock of opportunity, When Opportunity comes,
crashing nnd ronrlng In a sorloB of
knocks, Bhould wo not awaken to our
Tho buying nnd selling of goods and
souls, tho haggling nnd bargaining
that dlBtlhgulBli our everyday life, are
merely intensified in thoso days of
storm nnd cntastrophe, Many hundreds ot our follow bolng3 have been
swopt to death, nnd disease and poHti-
lonco hirlc In tho subsiding waters.
Tho food supplies thnt woro so carefully stored lmvo been mostly nilnod,
nnd clothing Is unsalable nnd Iiousob
lmvo boon leveled. Somo who had
tlio foresight to build their houses on
higher ground, or whoso plnco waB
spared by some fortunnto circumstance, aro now In a position to drive
a good bargain,
Resentment, wo are told, Is Intense
against those who are charging famine prices for food, What a comment
thoro Is on our humanity In that ox-
presBlon, "famine prices!" JViellng
runs high, wo hoar, against thoso who
hold back Biippllon from those whose
all was lost In tho storms,
Ufniuru are not in business for their
liunllU. What Ihali aiiii feWc* #ttt
safe, whilo tbey may feel sorry for
the wo«« of their own neighbor, still
It Is really not any of their concern.
Tliey prosper host hy attending to
iw',i Mttit*.
Here Is Opportunity, knocking, beating, thundering, smaohlng at thollr
doors. Where beforo she whispered
"six per cent," she now shrieks "100
per cent! 200 per cent!" Who could
rnxlnt. thnt. rrr? It. If pf/tfn business,
good buslnrisi, the manifestation of
flnp^rfor hralni, thc working of Alrnttt-
Ive ability—the great faculty of ItEC-
After the first effecte of a disaster
like this are over, there Is always
a long-drawn aftermath of death, T%e
atfnw out of which tha flrat *'-*« bawled l» a proline breeder of new forms
of life that mean death to human he-
I would call the attention or all the
near-Socialists and other hopeful reformers who fell for tlie rosy premises held out by the Bull Moose and
his party to get quick reforms by voting the Progressive ticket, to the
Munsey magazine for February which
features an article by Frank Munsey,
"A Possible Scheme for Amalgamating the Progressive and Republican
Parties that Should Be Acceptable
to Each."
That ought to hold you for a while,
After perusal of this overture ■ from
one of Mr. Roosevelt's political ahd
financial backers, kindly turn to page
800 in the same issue to the editorial
"Monopoly,   Some  of its  Aspects."
The mental attitude toward the
working class by the Bull Moosers
and all other so-called '"Progressives"
is reflected in this little editorial like
polished steel.
The value of the article lies in the
unconscious admissions which .it contains.
It reveals the true mission and utility of the "Welfare Committees" and
other parings of capitalism.
It clearly marks the class distinctions and gives a glimpse of what is
to be accomplished by working class
trial fields.
It tells of a poor misunderstood and
downtrodden trust down in New Jersey that had annouced recently'that
upon the recommendation of its Welfare committee It had established a
minimum wage for its women employees of nine dollars per week.
This the writer apologetically admits may not seem a princely sum,
"but an enormous number of women
work for less."
The directors of this poor, berated
trugt named nine dollars for the minimum, we are assured, because thoy
found upon Investigation that It was
the "lowest wage upon which a woman could support herself In decent
Hero wo see a good trust deliberately employing a group of men (paradoxically dubbed "A Welfare Commltteo") hired to find out what, from
their standpoint, Is tho lowest possible figure that a working woman can
live on.
What would happen, do you suppose,
If Woodrow Wilson's wife and daughters or tho "Princess" Alice wore condemned to live on nlno dollars per
week ln docont comfort?
Now how absurd! How could Mrs,
Longworth bo oxpocted to make nine
dollars per week cover such comforts
ns Turkish clgnrettos and two pet
monkeys?   Perish the thought! '
Then the writer of the editorial
gurgles on and tolls us about what
has boon dono by othor perfectly lovo-
ly trusts,
Ono voted a genornl Increase of fivo
millions of dollars a year to Its "low-
nr grade" employees; but tho writer
carelessly omitted to stato tho num-
hor of the workups It wns to bo divided among.
Another trust has ostnhllsnol n pen
i.lon for Its employees, but itiiain the
rnlclo does not toll us how much tho
tollers themsolvos were taxed for this
Then tho Munsoy qulll-pusher closes
by trying to make us bellove that
these specific trusts at least, hsve
mrido "Important vo'untnry concisions" nnd that their managers wero
"imbued with a realization of their
liability to public sentiment thai!
r.mkos thorn anxious to bo well tln'i
of."  Isn't that a. serf am!
As n m.ittcr ot fait wo know the
rapid organization nnd solidarity of
the workers on the industrial field,
roupleii w'th their Rlttuntle batt*rhM
ram, the Socialist press and the re-
sulmnt marvelous Increase of tho Socialist jiarty vote all over the country
—these aro the things which aro compelling the trusts' "Nurslc" to hand
out pacifiers, soothing syrup and other substitutes for tbe real thing.
And to sum up, Uuto we have millionaire Munsey, the owner of the big-
ge«t string of capitalistic papers in
the United States (barring, of courts,
Wandering Willie Hearst's), this time
capitalistic Muntey, who was the ma-
Baking Powder
Pure,   Healthful,   Dependable
Its active principle solely
grape acid and baking
soda. It makes the food
more delicious and wholesome.   _*,	
The  low priced, low grade
powders put alum or lime
phosphates in the food.
Ask Your Doctor About That
jor domo of the Bull Moose convention
and who, together with Perkins, Wall
Street cadet, and Harvester Trust Mc-
Cormick, footed the bills of tl'e Chicago Progressive Roundup. This Munsey, I say, is the same Munsey who
has taken it upon himself to advance
a scheme to -"reunite" the Republican
and Progressive parties (as if they
were ever really divided) and to reunite them on the basis of these "voluntary concessions." »
Kindly notice that the basis on
wliich they are to unite is "Good"'
Trusts! You remember that is a real
Rooseveltian coinage—"Good Trusts!"
It is a revelation of the real views
and purposes of these slightly progressive gentlemen.
Of course, it is foolish to get peeved
about Munsey's scheme. If Mr. Munsey of tho newspaper trust, Perkins
of the money trust, and McCormkkf-
of the Harvester trust see fit to pay
the piper, they certainly have a right
to call the tune; and if it wasn't for
about one million of hard-headed Socialists who weren't afraid of "throwing our votes away"—you fellows
wouldn't even have any- soothing syrup or pacifiers given you!   See?
tried, but this is the only material
dreds of other substances have been
which has stood the test since Edison
discovered its use for this purpose in •
1877. The first form used was a small
carbon button, which was superseded
by carbon in granulated form, the use.
of which remains unchanged to the
present time.
It is estimated that 300,000 telephone transmitters are manufactured
every year, and they require approximately three tons of coal ground into
3,000,000 grains, or 108,000 ounces. At
,">0 cents per ounce this ton of selected
coal, which costs, perhaps, ?15 per
ton—as only certain pieces from the
ordinary anthracite are used—is resold in the form., of granulated carbon
for $1S,000 per ton.
Anthracite coal Is being sold by the
ounce—not on account of scarcity, but
because of the peculiar use made of it
in the telephone transmitter.
In each of these Instruments there
are 420 millgrams of granulated carbon, produced by grinding a certain
picked quality of hard coal into fine
granules placed ln a crucible and baked for 24 hours. The product, after
It comes from the furnace, looks much
like gunpowder. A teaspoonful will
fill 25 transmitters, and once poured
Into the small cup of the Instrument
tho granules perform their peculiar
and distinct function as long aB the
transmitter Is'operative.
, Tho making of this product Is a secret process, the coal granules being
mixed with the chemicals which harden them In tbo baking, and It Ib sold
at 50 cents per ounce by tho manufacturers to the telephone companies.
Carbon Is tho only substance which
can bo successfully used ln a tolo-
phono transmitter as tho conducting
medium between tbe electrodes. Hun-
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & ffladay £»
Special.'-■ Don't forget Tuesday
22nd the Football Club's  Annual
Isis Orchestra — Dancing from 9 to 2,30
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for" Academic Exam'nation
at roafionablo terms
Miss M. H. Williams, I*. A, B,
Box mt
Onro ot \V, P. Williams
tit tamttt nmttt let CntM ant C*l*H
Shiloh c<mU m tlttl* tint duo  tawucbr
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furuifth your house from cellar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phone or
Wire.    All. onlera given   prompt attention.
Coleman,        -        Alta,
If you are satisfied tell others.   T f not satisfied tell xm. //'
A Flash of
Is just as likely to strike
the house of the uninsured
men as that of his more prudent neighbor. No building
is immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time there is a thunderstorm.
Sole Agent for Fernie
First class Horset for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commtelon
George Barton    Phone 78 !
Labor Premier Believes
His Party Is Making Good
Western Australia's. Working, Class He Says Are Enjoying Many
. Advantages as the Result of Progressive
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
tan suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Coi
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Dr. 0. FAU8ETT,
COLEMAN, Alberta.
Office In Cameron Block
All Work Guaranteed
Office: Johmtone and Falconer Block
(Abovo BlcaudtsH'iii Drug Storo)
Phono 121
Hour*: 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.
llftildonce! it. Vletorln, Awmtw.
The Prime minister of Western
Australia (a territory eighteen times
the size of England and Wales, or as
big as Germany, France, Hungary,
Norway, the United Kingdom, Italy,
Portugal, Switzerland, Denmark, and
Belgium all rolled into one) is visiting
Britain chiefly "to make new financial
arrangements for my state," but also
tc visit Cornwall—the land of h'.s
fathers—and Scotland, says Al an S.
Dobson in the Labor leader. It has
fallen to my lot to meet other Premiers, but never one who has le't such
ap impression of human geniality
combined with capacity. He !.s tall,
strong., athletic, unassuming, frank,
and, with no suggestion of the high
State official; rather he has a free and
easy n',v of the gold miner and sportsman, but it is quickly clear that he
Juvj p. very level 'heart on his shoulders, that he is a man who has don.',
and will do things. Mid no humbug
about it.
To givo an account of all the doings
of this stanch son of the working
class and his colleagues is impossible,
which is a pity, for their activities
since they came into power in October, 1911, havo been -tremendous.
Indeed, a full recital of all they have
done and mean to do would be a fine
demonstration to British workers of
the value of a strong Labor party in
I found Mr. Scaddan in his hotel,
working us usual, but contrary to
other experiences of Premiers, he was
not surrounded with secretaries' and
satellites. He received me alone and
cordially. I apologized for bothering
him, but was assured that he did not
grudge the time "for a Labor Leader
representative, although," he remarked, "I have not much time for
the other press gentlemen. 1 know
the Leader very well," he continued,
"and am a regular reader."
"Then you are a Socialist?" I asked.
"Yes, rather, a Socialist of the I..L.
P. type," he said. "The general impression of our party among our op-
,p_Qiieiits_ui™AustraIia is—that—wo—are-
out for a policy of pulling everything
down that is up, but a glance at our
program will show that we have a
very constructive policy ■ Here are
some items from it.
The securing of the full results of their industry to all producers by the collective ownership of tlio industrial and economic functions of the State and
Effective reform of the Legislative Council (the Second Cham-
'ber), with a view to its ultimnto
Taxation of unimproved land
values without exemption or re-
Initiative, referendum nnd recall.
night to work.   (Amendment of
tho Constitution,   making   it   incumbent upon  tho  government to
provldo work for its unemployed
Establishment of Stato flour
mills nnd Stato agricultural development nnd export department
and tho Stato manufacture of
agricultural implements.
Nationalization   of    tho  liquor
truffle nnd local option ns to continuance,   Increase   or   reduction
of Hcohbob.
Maximum day of olght hours,
Graduated Income tax, with exemptions up to .C250, with special lm post" on nbBontoos.
Non-nlloimtloti of crown liuid3,
with a vlow to the ultimate nationalization of nl] lands.
Departmental     construction     of
public works,
H    Stiute flro, Hfo, nnd accldont Insurance. u
, (lovornmont   mnmifneturo     of
* Kovornmont   clothing   nnd   uniform*.
Frco technical, HClontlflci. and
general education.
"Wo hnvo nlrondy imtlonullzml our
railways, our wator supply, our poh-
tn! Borvlcos, and In tho pity of Forth,
tlio tramway sorvleo. A vory Important stop wo hnvo takon In tho dlroc*-
tion of controlling the food supply
is the establishment of a shipping service. We now own three large transport steamers with which we carry
meat from the northern cattle raising
country to the south. Previously this
traffic was in the hands of a com-
-bine, but by our intervention and the
starting of State butchers and grocers' shops we have effectively broken the back of the Food and M«at
trusts and have already reduced the
price of meat from ls. to 5d. per lb.,
and soon we shall have complete control of the coastal shipping service.
This is the only consistent corollary
of the State ownership of the railways.
"Of course, the Labor government
have been subject to the accusation of
the Liberal party—we have no other
opposition now, as Liberals and Tories
of course, merged into one party-
against us—that we have not kept
our promises to the electorate, but
within a very few months of our existence as a government we have done
a great deal. For instance, our first
act was to raise the minimum rate of
wages among adult traffic men on the
railways from 7s. Gd. to Ss. and 9s.
per day. Since we came into power
we have raised wages by £200,000 per
annum, and at least 75 per cent, of
the men's demands have been conceded. That's not had, is it? But, of
course, there are some few discontents in the ranks of labor who want
us to do it all at once. , I mention'
this, as the interview appearing in
the Morning Post of last Monday as
likely to give labor men in Britain a
wrong impression of our attitude.
"Then we have given a pure milk
supply to children's hospitals in order to save the lives of young sufferers, ancl we have extended it to the
whole of the hospitals. While we are
concerned about the people in our
hospitals, we want to keep them out.
altogether, and we hope io extend the
scheme by supplying pure milk to
all and sundry. We have also given
the people of the metropolitan area a
Saturday half holiday, and soon we
shall nationalize all the tramways. As
I said, we have nationalized the water
supply, and we have done more to
provide water for mining and agricultural districts than any other government in the history of the State.
Moreover, we have started on u consumptive sanitorium in the hills, and
rendered great financial assistance to
• he hospitals. We have established
a maternity hospital in the metropolis
and intend to extend this by attach
h'g maternity wards to hospitals in
t.*ie country. We have given batter
salaries to school teachers, as we re:
gard this one of the first essentials to
an efficient educational system, together with the establishment of con-,
tinuation schools. We are now training special teachers for small country schools at the rate of ahout r>0 per
annum, and in other directions wc
have done wonders in giving attention to our education system."
"I see you aro offering special inducements to workers in this country
to come and settle in Western Australia. Will the settlers become freeholders of the land or only leaseholder.?" 0
"Well, of course, we as a party believe in the nationalization of land,
and we introduced a bill for the non-
alienation of crown lands, but, unfortunately, this was defeated for the
time being. We have, however,
stopped the sale of land in towns and
suburbs, and wo can only hope that
at a later period we shall get the
power from the electors to national-,
ize the lot."
"Yes, of course, 1 believe in woman
suffrage," he said in answer to my
inevitable inquiry. "You see, we have-
adult suffrage in Australia and we
can't quite imagine how we should
get on without the help of the women. Every person, male or female,
over 21 has a vote. I don't know that
I altogether approve of the tactics of
the very militant suffragists in this
country, but one thing I would most
emphatically say "to the workers of
Britain: Don't have any limited suffrage; it would be sheer madness."
On the question of electoral reform
Mr. Scaddan declared himself a whole-,
hearted believer in* the system of proportional representation.
Lucky Western Australia!
rible time, when a few shillings was
a matter of life and death to my three
little sisters and myself, I was tempted—and fell. Well—that's my story,
and there are thousands on the streets
today who, like myself, have been
forced against their wishes into this
pit of misery, for the only other alternative is to die—and many of us
wish for that happy release. For God's
sake help to save the army of sweated
young girls and women from the Hell
of Misery into which I have fallen.
"Do keep my few,-stamps, for it
gives me a shadow of a pleasure to
think I am helping in your noble
work." -,
Mr. Ardeen Foster, International
commissioner, is now on a visit to
America with a view to raising $500,-
000 for the work of the Federation
He will visit the leading Canadian
Cities. The head offices of the Federation are 95 New Bond street, W.
London, England.
Women of Old London
In Awful Sweat Shops
Family of Seven Live on $1.00
A1 Week—Makes White
Slaves of Women
Active preparations are being mado
over a great crusade against sweating
and its resultant evil, the White Slave
traffic, One closely associates thc
home-sweated with tho street slaves
because such a large percentage of
the latter nro recruited from their veritable dog-holes in tho slums, Sweating and its kindred woes thrive with
horrible rapidity in London. They
nro a species of canker which is eating Into tho very heart of tho nation.-
The British Federation for tho Emancipation of Women has beon formed
with tho object of cutting that canker out, This timo the attempt to got
right down to tlio vory roots of the
foul disease Is to ba undertaken ln no
half-hearted manner. Tho Federation
has como to stay. Thoso at tho holm
of Its affairs moan buslnoss. Tho
linniediato work and aim of tho Federation is to acquaint tho public with
the condition of tho sweated homo-
woi'kors, to cultlvnto an opinion which
shall compel legislation that will mitigate, If not romovo, the evil, and to
thoroughly oxposo the white slnvo
Can tho reader railUo what It
means to link together .'18-1 hooka and
384 eyes, and thon stltcli thorn on a
card comploto for 2 cents? Yet. thoro
aro women doing It every day In London. Would you think It possible for
women and girls to exist by making
buttonholes for HlilrtH ot the rate of
12 contu for each Ml completed; or
making nlRhtdronHoa for 4 emits each;
or skirts nt It oonlK oacli; or bloumm
at 1! 1-2 eonts oochj or boys' Bailor
milts «t 4 centa each; or boys' knlek-
om nt 2 contB onch; or plnnforos ut 2
ccntH each; or fancy HllpporH at 5
cents por pair; or bedspreads nt 9
cents each; or palliasse covers at 1
cents each; or elastic umbrella bands
at 14 cents per gross,;-or bodice shapes
at 7 1-2 cents per gross; or bodice and
Ban-liter, Solicitor. Notary. Mb.
Officii: Eckiteln Building,
Ftrnlt, B.C.
P. C. L»w« Alix. I. PliNt
fttnlt, B. C.
CarrltUr, Solicitor, Nok»ry Public* tie.
The ORATOR oftiie
Canadian    Socialist   Movement
(of Vancouver)
Will speak in the
UrJtv/ilNIJL/    lHJCLixlKJLS
Sunday,   April   20th
At 7.30 p.m.«-*=Discussion Invited
collar steels and bones at G cents
each; or carding buttons at T> cents
per 14,400; or making paper bags at
12 cents per 1,000; or boxes for matches, tin-tacks, chocolates, etc, at G
cents per gross.
A Pitiable Case
One of the most pitiable cases that
has como undor the British Federation's Investigation In the East End
of London, is Hint of a woman who
Is making coats at 8 cents each. With
her earnings she endeavors to keep
together the souls and bodies of herself, and a family of five children,
working eighteen hours a day to this
Besides, there ls the machine wo-
mnn who sows men's trousois for flvo
cents n pair which work, after Mio
has Buppllcd hor own cotton nnd
thread, leaves her but two cents profit
per pair, thoso trousers retailing In tho
shops at $2.fi0 to ?:i.00 per pair.
Fdurtoon gross of matc'i, tacks, or
av.eots boxes (2,fllfi) is Considered 11
big day's work for a woman. This
works out nt 70 gross (10,080 boxes)
for flvo days' work, which Is tho total
number of days averaged por wook,
and as each box Is required to pass
through tho maker's hands three times
for tlio purpose of making, pasting,
and "sanding" (pasting tho sanded paper on tho stdo of the box for strlK-
Ing matches), the result Is tha handling of the boxes H0.240 times—all for
llUIi. Tho*material (panto, immp and
coals for drying) cohIs $1,87 1-2, having a profit of $l,fl2 1-2, On this amount per wook hovcii niomboi'H nf a
family are obliged to llvn,
A Voice from the Underworld.
Read this heartrending letter- 1I«-
ten to the volr<» nt the underworld
of thiH great city of London, crying
for help. It Ih from one who for very
nhrttno would hide her name from you
—one who for long fought tlio hopeless fight against tho White Slavery
of the Sweater, only to give up the
unequal struggle and fall hack Into
tho most terrible degradation of woman hood.
"I dare not glvo my name and address, bociMMO I am one of tho Whlto
Slaviss of London, but I beg you to
Accept the few stamps ttil.) enclosed
nbout which I rund In tho papers tho
other day.
"Wimi you miy about tbo poor
sweated glrU ond women bolnu forced
to go on the street* In order to j;nt
food and clothing In only too true. In
my case I was well educated, and
brought up, bnt ! wan only sixteen
yoar* whon my father died and left
my mother, an Invalid with thro© little
children and myself, with nothing to
live on. So froni the ano of sixtoon I
hffarr*' the br'-ndwlnner of onr little
homf. \\>ll, with my earnings, wo
manned io k«*J> onr head« above «n-
it-r for to nth' tvo yttn. tnS then af-
fnr Mne mifftf rrorkfor BQnio wnulu.
onr home »'»*»«">M MP to pay tbe rent,
nnd Witcf *<•«** later my poor mother
died broken hrart«4,  Jntt at thi* ler-
"In knowledge there is power."
How true is that one little proverb!
And how applicable to a people as
much as to an individual.
Mexico was recently in the throes
of a bloody revdlution. But the Mexican peons who fought and bled, because they lacked the elements of
education, and w«re thus deficient in
power, other than brute force, are
today no better off than they were
five years ago. Because their slavery was no" longer bearable they rose
in revolt. Because they were uneducated they could make their demands
felt in no other way but by the force
of arms. Because they were unorganized they fought in the same haphazard manner as our competitors,
for instance, do in business. Instead
of marching hand in hand, for one
common end in view, they cut each
other's throat and used the blood to
soothe their aching hearts. In -the
meantime an astute politician can
take advantage of them and lead them
to believe that for their benefit he is
allowing himself to fleece them.
Thus, in Mexico, many lives were
lost, a vast product of the toilers'
labor was destroyed, cities weremade
black with misery and gutters red
with blood, but the peonage system
still prevails.
Too bad! Those who cannot think
with their brains must kick with their
heels. Eventually, Feudalism wil!
have to be wiped off the face of the
earth. Evolution has decreed its fall,
the globe from the uprising in Ireland
to the Civil War in the United States
and the Revolution in China. The
only regrettable condition is the .portion of blood which is exacted as toll
with the overthrow ot every existing
evil. And when slavery is, at last;
crushed in Mexico, and free education
established, even then must the people guard jealously the doors of every
Institution of learning against the influx of such teachers whose mission
Is perversion and whose price Is graft.
Until nil the people have a liberal
supply of knowledge and truth, until
each understands his mission on earth
and his contribution toward the progress of the whole family, until then
must the capitalist sword hold sway,
and men seek alms Instead of aiming
for justice. Until then will tyrants
reign and masters rule.
Tho Immature mind lias always a
tendency to hlamo somebody or something near nt hand for Its misfortunes.
It nevor seeks beyond thn Immediate
occasion for tho underlying causes,
Tho strain of living .today Ib hard
upon,us all, Merely to maintain lire
undor modern conditions Is too much
for many and they go undor hi the
fltrugglo for existence.
But how many persons are thoro
that have any Idea of the raiau-i for
this Htato of affnlrs? The slightest
ability for observation oiiKht to prove
to any over twelve that it Ik not for
lack of supply that the great majority
of us have to fight so hard for the
barest nixioHsltios of life, If this noun-
try did not 'ouch year produce more
than It consumes why -should It bo
nncoRRnry to Hpond billions of dollar*
annually In advertising and "hiiIoh.
mannhlp," In orodr to got rid of the
Mul the nverngfi portion dooa not Inquire oven thnt far, lie or ahe merely
fliulH .something near at hand and
blames that for his misfortunes, The
ItouBowIfo blames the grocer became
provisions lire bo high, The nrocc t
may fall In business next month ho*
ratine ho cannot meet hln rent, but
hevor mind that. She blames h.'m
wliii* no i». ui«r« nny way. Tin; gen-
i.iji- bliii.ii.-.t i'..,- l.itiiliiitii i'ltt i.i'.Mh^ thu
rent on him and wiping out hN margin
o! profit. Tite landlbrd mm- he'sTus-
p'lng under a heavy mortgage but cc
one   conHldorn   that.    Tho   landlord
I otAUii'ft a,i-tA: li.»ii,-ir,<-*aiift i'AUOt  tiirililift,
Flo actually has to pay 40 por cont
moro for tho plumbing nnd carpentering ihan he did 10 years ago, Tho
plumber and the carpenter havfl to pny
7f> iwr cent more to llvo than thoy
did 10 yearn ago. but the landlord ilonn
not. think of that.
A tired woman romr* home from
town hiiuglriK to a sireeH-nr sir,ip,
packnd together with oth*r humna
being* In a way unfit for rattle, lio&n
»he tool resentful toward tU<; company
for not providing enmH'h rar*. Shu
doe* Snot think oven m tnr nn Unit,
Sho think* that American mi.n nre Uo-
comlnff perfect brute* beenufe nemo
Latest  equipment and best   of
service for eastern and western
Train leaves Fernie  12.43 p.m.
daily  except  Sunday for main
> line connection at Rexford
Through train to Chicago--
connection all  steamship lines
Agent Fernie, B.C.
Phone 161       P. O. Box 305
John A. McDonald
Special Representative
Sim'Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
*2.00 .per month
]'hone 320   ' BLAIRMORE "    Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade i-
G. A. CLAIR .'..' Proprietor*.
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C,
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2, SO per day Fire Proof Sample
Witli Private Bath $3.00
Rooms in Connection
Why Don't You Take *\
A Good Spring Tonic  \
You mind R— Kvoryliody iioocIh It—Wo (ill iioqiI u SprliiK blood
DluaiiHur, nurvo tonic und bntcur, Whon you kiiI up in .tins iiiornlii«,
tlrod, ln/,y--at tho broahfutit Initio no uppi-tltn for food—at your ilnlly
work no ambition or nltillty—notlihiK uccoiiiiiIIhIioiI. nil day but yawn
mid Htrotclt—your »yut«m ukuIh•■braclim, your nnrveM iukmI houHiik:
your oiiorKlOH uood reconstruct!**.' Uii uh »Ihi\v you tlio bust SprltiK
tnnlcH for all i»k«s and tindoi' all cmidlttoim, llw'ltliul thnt will clraiiwi
your blood—raittoro"your HPjtoUto—lintco yon iip-Klvo you tlimlro noil
ability for worli, play or Htmly—a t ront mon t In ovary reni>wt Hint will
lit'iip you well and happy all Summer.
(Contlnupd on Pw> l*
Joints Accounts opidit'i] in the iiniiic of two i;ir mom purHoim, onch
linviiiR tliu privilege of siutlunj,' witlulrnwiiln or deposits ovor tlifiir
own Hi^niiturc-'-n iiiunI ccijiveiiiiiiii iirntiigcinciit between members of
n family, or hi'lwwii pnrtricrH in un uiicorporntt'tl Imsine**,
Hefl-d TT\ 13 f\ TVT *T f\   ^rancI,*s tn^ connectioBB
Office lUKUiN IU UirouRhoutCanada
,T. V. MACIMWAW), MnmitfiT. FHHS'IH. ll.C,
Ledger Advs. Bring Results ^^^i^-fi^x^^^l™
rt?*.   DlSTSir.     Lr'.WGER.- FERNIS,   B. C, APRIL 19, 1913.
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B...C.     Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.     An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48." Post office box No. 380,
READERS of the Ledger will no doubt have
noticed in the past few issues of this paper
.that not only has there been a rift in the lute be
tween the officers of this organization and the
membership as a whole, but also between these selfsame officers and myself. AVith regard to the
former it is no concern of mine, but when it affects
the Ledger it directly has a bearing on'me. Now
that the elections in Alberta—the whole crux of
the argument—are of the past, the time is opportune for nie to give an explanation of the attitude
of both the Ledger and myself in the situation.
To review tlie matter we shall have to go back
to tho issue of the Ledger of March 20, the first
after the call for new elections in Alberta. AVe
then stated " it would appear that the Sifton gang have been tampering with the Trade
Union movement of the province," etc. To this
President Stubbs took strong exceptions, and referred lo it at the meeting of Gladstone Local last
Sunday. Jle then emphatically stated that the
Ledger had said "with the officials of the Trade
Union movement." I was present aud replied that
the words "officials" was not mentioned, but not
having a copy of the paper at hand, and President
Stubbs insisting that he was sure, of bis contention,
nothing further could be said in denial.
In view of what has transpired with regard to
thc.Liberals wishing to endorse or having endorsed
Trade Unionists in Lethbridge. Calgary; Edmonton, and Rocky Mountain divisions, and also the
work that was put in by leading Liberals—in fact
by Sifton and members of his cabinet—in support
of these Labor candidates, it is perfectly evident
that we had some grounds for the statement referred to.   The reference to the "Trade Union
movement"  does not necessarily imply that we
meant Stubbs and Jones.   In fact we had no one
in mind at the time.   If these gentlemen took offense at our statement then they must believe that
THEY ABU "thc Trade Union movement" in Al-
"oerta"   As^thtJre-arerother-officials-connecled-with-
that organization we hardly believe that Stubbs
ancl Jones can arrogate unto themselves the running of the whole movement.   Whilst on this subject I may state that three days prior to tne Liberal convention we had information given us by a
prominent Liberal in Lethbridge that Jones would
receive the Liberal endorsation.   This gentleman
also said that I could safely gos ahead and write
whatever I, pleased about the matter, as if it already were an accomplished fact.
The next step in the controversy is the meeting in Frank, when President Stubbs threw out an
ultimatum to tlie effect that he was going to control the Editor ancl claimed this as his right in the
interim between sittings of the executive board.
As tliis body is only presumed to meet ovory three
months, and ns the meetings only last a day or two,
it is evident that thc President wishes to control
Ihe Editor for about 357 clays in the year and tlie
Board only eight days, Here it might be interesting to see what tho constitution says on the sub-
Section 2 oil Article IT,, says: "Tlm Beard
of Management shall consist of the Distri it Executive Board      The Board of Management
shall be directly responsible to the organization
for the proper conduct of thc pnpnr, and shall
elect suitable trustees from among thoir own number. ..." Section 3 of Article 1 \. reads: "Thnt
power Klmll be vested in the District Secretary, us
residential representative !<> sanction or disapprove
of any matter of nn official chimmter which the
Kditor WISHES to waive responsibility upon,"
(The capitalization of the word "wishes" is my
own,) *■■  *
The above two sections are about the only
ones in tho constitution tliat has any posible bearing on tlie present controversy, and it'in difficult
lo Ki-o where, President Stubbs gets lm inilncrntic
powers from in connection with the Lud ger. It*
will also bo noted flint the Editor is not compelled
lo submit '■anything for upproynl or disapproval to
any officer or officers. If ho does so, it is plirely
out of ootirr.oNy, or bis 'DESIRE to witivevrosponsi
b:!ity, At any rato tho President does not come
into the matter at nil.
When I arrived in Fernie some seventeen
months ago my predecessor,'»!. AV. Bennett, ox-
plained the policy, nnd object; of the Lodger; pointed out the District constitution in connection with
tho paper; and gave mo much valuable ndvico and
nssiHtnnfln. From what 1 could learn it wiih never
disputed that tlio Board of Manngomont as a wholo
wero responsible for tho conduct of tho pnper and
that no one official could "chop" tho Editor's head
off. It, therol'oro, came ns a surprise when President iStubbs informed mo of his authority and gave
uio instruotionH to keep "Lntbbridgc, Knight and
Jones" out'of the paper, There was, however, no
lime to (lisciws the rights or wrongs of the sitnati n,
Hie, lilee.tiiuiH were, un, and if nwuHtarme could not
he given Knight, I hero wns no reason why 0. M.
O'Brien should not receive every support possible
from uh. Por thnt reason I did not protest
then against. President Stubbs' net ion. The fight
in Alberta now being over, 1 most emphatically refuse to havo any individual censor over the
Ledger.' By n few it may be contended that th,'
Ledger is a Trade 'Union paper and doesn't belong
to the Socialist party. This is partly true, out in
view of-the fact that Socialism was1'practically
endorsed by the District convention it stands to
reason that the official organ of District 18 should
be Socialistic. At any rate it has been so, and
strongly so, for the past four years and no protest
by the officers concerned has ever been ■ made.
Furthermore, the motion of Frank Wheatley of
Bankhead, at the last convention, which was passed unanimously, advised every member of the organization to endorse the Socialist -platform, from
which must be concluded that the1 Editor of the
Ledger was then specifically advised to educate
the members' along these lines. I, therefore, am
forced to regretfully admit we were remiss in the
particular instance of the Lethbridge campaign.
In my opinion Trade Unionism is for the betterment of the workers on the industrial field and
should have nothing to do with politics; whilst
Socialism is the political expression of the working
class, of which Trade Unionists are a part.
During the time I have had charge of the
Ledger 1" have always endeavored to carry out the
canstitntion and the -policy for which thc paper
<*■ ♦
♦ R.  Campbell   (Con.) 1069   ♦
•«►   C. M. O'Brien (Soc) 1009   ♦
♦ W. B. Powell (Lib-Lab).. 509   ♦
Conservative majority
Liberals     35
Conservatives     18
Independent        1
Deferred    '7.     2
stands,  viz.
Trade  Unionism  and  thc  Socialist
movement.   As to whether I have succeeded or not
the readers are best able to judge.
Finally, 1 may say that 1 shall not agree to
only one individual having full control over me,
aiid in defense of this policy I am prepared to lay
down my pen in the Ledger office. In these circumstances this may bc the last issue of the Ledger under my supervision and if this be so, I take
this oportunity of expressing my heartfelt appreciation to the various secretaries, who have given
me their friendship and assistance, in particular,
ancl to the membership at large in general. , My
association with them will always be cherished by
me and my best wishes will remain with them for
a better and brighter future in this world under
the coining Socialist commonwealth.
(Signed)   II. P. NERWICII.
Chief of Police Hall, we understand,
has tendered his resignation to take
effect May lst.
The court of revision to hear objections to the voters roll will,sit in Fernie on May 19.
The voters roll for the Fernie riding
contains 2G42 names, and not 1G42 as
reported in our last Issue.
The Methodist church Ladies' Aid
will hold a sale of home cooking" in
the school room on Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock.
A, marriage license was issued at
the provincial government office on
April 14 to Thos. Wm. Appleby and
Adelaide Jones, both of Coal Creek.
The three men connected with the
Anglo-Canadian Trust company, implicated on a charge of false.pretences
were brought back hero by Constable
All members of Mt. Fernie Lodge,
No. 47, I.O.O.F., are requested to
be present at the K.P. hall at 7 p.m.
on Sunday, April 20, for the purpose
of attending tlie annual church service
in the ' Methodist church. Visiting
Oddfellows are invited to attend.
On Sunday night you will have an
opportunity of hearing the recognized
orator of the ; Socialist movement in
Canada. Mr. Fitzgerald will speak in
the Grand theatre, and those who have
already heard him elsewhere .pronounce "him as being, unequalled by
he comes to Fernie with an international reputation.
Charlie Robinson of Fernie and Ted
Ware of Chicago will meet in. the skating a 15-round -boxing match
on April 25. The bout is to be under
the auspices of the local Athletic association; Robinson claims to have
been through 53 fights without suffering a defect and Ware Is said to be
an aspirant for the heavyweight championship.
NE of the objections many make to the Socialist is his tendency to use big words. There
is merit in the objection Ave acknowledge, still as
the science, like all others, has a vocabulary of its
own or rather as its interpretation of words differs from those bourgeois or middle class
economists, there must arise at times confusion in
thc minds of those whose knowledge has lieen ob-
t.'lined through the educational channels controlled
by the capitalist class.
Again there is the conceit common to many oi:
us of taking a certain measure of pride in our ability to use several-syllabled words. This, however,
ourselves according to the mental ancl educational
abilities of those to whom we wish to impart information.
. There is often heard the remark: "He is talking over the heads of his audience." This is unfortunately a common occurrence with some orators; the difficulty is, that, having been schooled in
a certain style it is no easy task to change it.
The marvellous sale that Robt. Blatehford's books
have had is because of the simplicity in which he
clothes his language. This is a gift which but few
enjoy. Still to him or her who does wish to learn,
thero is always an opportunity of doing so if he
or she will persevere.
Our object in beginning this article was not
intended as a homily, nltlio' wc think it is not out
of place, but to make at least an attempt to explain some of the meanings of those words which
form a part of the stock-in-trade of every Socialist writer and speaker.
The word 'profit' convoys a meaning that is
readily grasped by the ordinary individual; use
'surplus value' and, nllho' there is a certain misty
idea that surplus menus 'extra' and value mny
mean 'worth,1 the combination as understood by a
student of economics is an unknown quantity to
ono who is not, As it is thc latter, moro than Ihe
former, that this nrticlo is intended to reach, we
will make a few general observations before going
inio the kerne! nf Wx. >.Mii.ject,
We will now turn our attention to tho. questions, 'value nnd surplus value.' Quito dffcon some
wiseacre will talk about two men working so many
hours over il piece of work and boenuso ono is fitly
pur cent, better workman than t'Jie other that tlie
'value' of one's labor is not, ns grout as tho othor,
This is quile correct. No Socinlist economist claims
that Ihe lnbor value of each man is equal. "IToro'N
■what Mnrx says, and if there are nny words or ii!
the sense of any portion is not understood boenuso
of the language then it, is only necessary for Iho
puzzled ono tn write to uh and we will try, in a
later issuo to make It slill plainer.
Marx says j" "In saying thnt tho vrduo of a
commodity is determiner! by the quantity of labor
worked at or crystallized in it, wo menu tho qnnn-
tity of labor necessary for its production in n given
ditto of society IINDElt CERTAIN SOCIAL AV-
AVERAUJ-J    hKJLL  ' ul«'    TJJK    LALOU    E.M-
■ , * ii
ViAiYluUA'   Note the wordn "Social Average,"
Thoy aro important.
If a mnn could grow oranges in Pernio under
glnRH and tho timo aud money oxponded figured
litem as costing ten cunts wicii nnd niivugv.n hlu^iv.d
in from California eoulfl bo bought in the local
Moron at fifty eonts a dozen, tho value of those
commodities is not $1.20 a dozen to tho Pernio pro-
ducer, heenii-sn in a given state of noeioty, under
certain "social nverngo ronditionR of production,
I hey can be placed on the market at n lower price.
That is, the favored elimutie conditions of California does not require that glass aliould bo used for
Hie growing of oranges— tho laborers can bo hired
for much less in California than one would have to
pay in Fernie, duo to the differences in Ihe cos!        _ ^	
of production of the labor or'» wmuuudity—lua la- thrt mi minor months'Yeftvkit tiiu uun
hor power, pontic nnd amatory pleasures to bo
indulged in later in the season.
It was an American politician who
said "My hat ia in the ring," so ln
like manner can It be-said that the'
Fernie football players have thrown
their hats in the centre tov remain
there until the last battle on the fixtures has been fought.
' The citizens of Fernie have shown
the acme of public splrltedness in the
way they have responded to the call
for substantial assistance. This, coupf-
ed with moral sympathy, is an incentive to the., active participants of the
game to show that they are men of
mettle and ready to meet all comers.
There's no doubt-on this score as the
major portion of last year's team is
already signed on and the new ones
are all individuals who can and will
give a good account of themselves.
This we can say that we look' forward
to the season of 1913 completely eclipsing all prior records; wo have the
team so let every one who believes
in this healthy, manly sport do everything in his power tb further the interest and encourage the boys by their
presence nt the games that will be
Practice games begin Monday noxt
on tho old ground and If there be any
young man wilh tho football bug in
his bonnet who would like to join the
team he is invited to see the secretary
and register.
Fernie has achieved considerable
distinction in the towns to tho west
of us because of the noise made by
the hockey enthusiasts and as a
chance to show that we have experts
also in the leather hunt class it is intended to have the team make a tour
of the Boundary country.
Mr. Miller, of the Isis theatre, has
donated an outfit to the luniors, who
are anxiously awaiting the day when
they can- make use of it and every
one of them is filled with the laudable determination thatif constant effort does not make him equal to the
Senior crowd it will not be due to
lack of trying. They all vote the proprietor of the "movies" a real good
sport and have made up their minds
to show that they will make good.
Hillcrest and Blairmore are two new
clubs to join the league which now
numbers eight clubs instead of six.
Fernie playing Hosmer away is the
initial fixture. It is hoped that as
tliis is nearby, that there will be a
goodly crowd of the green ciad root
ers in attendance to cheer them in
their  -struggle.
10c & 15c.       HARPER AND POLLOCK, LESSEES ioc & 15c
Change of Program Every Day.
Miss Lourraine Thompson
Hear this charming young lady sing the popular songs and
classics of the day.   Two.selections every evening. One week only.
This is a thrilling and interesting story in three reels showing
a Spanish bull-fight, with all its attendant excitement.
Other good subjects, including Keystone comedies, best made.
Friday and Saturday we are showing the best program ever
seen before in this city.   See this and tell us if we are not right.
Saturday afternoon the usual matinee, with the same attraction for the'children. ,
Don't forget, next "Week we chhange programs every day and
charge only 10 and 15 cents. With the best pictures it is possible
to get and'the-added attraction in Miss Thompson, you are assured
of a nice evening's entertainment, equalled only in the larger cities
of Canada and thc United States.
Fernie's Leading Theatre
Grand Orchestra
MARKLAND.—In loving memory of
our dear daughter Annie, who passed
to the higher life on April lGth, 1912.
A year has passed and still we miss
Never  will her memory fade;
Of'times still our hearts will linger
'Round the place where she Is laid.
Father and Mother.-
HAMBURG, April 16.—Sixteen coal
miners were suffocated by coal gas
man Emperor,'*' where-fire broke* out
during the night.
■Mr. Robert Fairclough desires to
thank the residents of Coal Creek for
their many expressions of sympathy
during his recent sad bereavement.
, HOWARTH—In Weyburn, Sask.,
on April 13, Bertha Howarth (nee
Hoey), beloved wife of T. B. Howarth.
The deceased-was a sister of Mrs.
Jas. A. Broley, and Mrs. G. B.
Thomson, both of Fernie, who left on
Monday night to attend the funeral.
FOR SALE— Six roomed, concrete
block house, double walls, large fireplace, full basement, fireproof. Apply H. Minton, District Ledger.   32-52
SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Someone will want those lots in Cedar Valley.   Better see Evans about them.
FOR SALE—S. C. White Leghorns'
Eggs for sale, $1.50 per 15. Also S.
C. White Leghorn lien's, J1.50 each.
Ed. C. Smith, Wardner, B.C.       32-ltp
LOST—A Sorrel-colored pony, wt.
about 800 lbs., white face and one hind
foot. $20 reward. Branded on left
shoulder ^ Fred Hutchinson, Michel, B. C. 326
The concort in aid of the Fernie
band will take place ln the Grand theatre on Tuesday next, The following
excellent programme has been arranged for:
Part I.    .
Italian March   C. Dicastro
King Itoso, Overture .,.,. M, Armand
Serenade  ,,...,,,...,,,,,,.  Shubert
Napoleon's Last Charge T, raul
Part II.
A-one-net iday entitled
"That Brute Simmons"
William Simmons ..'..Mr, Flnlayson
Boh Ford   J. H, Hewitt
Mi'B, Simmonb   Mrs. C. Porcy
Violin Solo 	
Mr, Dostiiholla
Mr, It, Hillsborough
Ave Mario, (!avnllprla Rustlcaiia
Band nnd Mrs. Prontlco at plnno
Part III.
1013 Overture ,, C, Dlcnstro
Mnrltnnn, Cornet Solo ,,,. It, Round
Trnvlaln, Selection  O, Verdi
Fost Timo ,,,,  M. Fotcnor
Now thnt politics nre clearing off
In Alhortn Iho two rnol film depleting
tlio struggle between*" political Kraft
and UonoBty In "John Sterling, Alderman" will prove of particular Intnrost
to qulto a niimbor of peoplo, Those
desirous of getting an Inflight into flno
nrt of writing operas will como to tho
ISIS to boo "Hor Inspiration" and tho
high society drama entitled "Honrts
Unknown" will nppoal to othor», A
ThiuilioliHor educational, "Millions of
llirds" will ho of KoroBt to lovers of
nature, and a split reel ot comedy will
furnish tlm IkliUr nUhi la lliu pwaruui
tor tonight and Saturday.
Next weok two feature* Will bo put
on, Monday' find Tuesday "Toy's of
Destiny" nnd on Friday nnd Saturday "HbHWib Ol tiiw i'iaJui*" v.Ul A:
tho big attractions.
- The patrons of the moving picture
theatres will have the opportunity of
bearing out tho contention of the management of the Grand that tonight and
Saturday they are presenting the best
program of pictures ever shown in
this city.
Commencing next week a nightly
change of program will be effected
and In addition patrons will bo able
to hoar Miss Thompson render popular and classical song3 in her pleasing
Boprano voice, The three-reel film
depicting tho excitement and gala turn
out incident to a Spanish bull-fight
will bo thrown on tho screen Monday night, Comedies will also find
space in tho program, Charges for
admission will bo 10c and 15c,
Trained Midwife and Maternity Nurse
McPherson Ave., nr. G.N. Depot
Ads. Classified-Cent a Word
LOST—A Gold Bracelet, Initials "E.
L." probably in or around the Roma
hotel. Finder please return to the office of the District Ledger,   E.L. 35-1
FOR SALE—Almost now Incubator,
holds 120 eggs, Also brooder, R,
Jones, Wost Fernio.. 353p
PIGS ,. FOR SALE^-Farrowed first
week in March. Price $10.00 each. T.
V. P. pedigree furnished. Ship April
20th. Harry Anderson, Birchbank, B.
C. 32-6tnp
FOR SALE—Frame house, on stone
foundation, full basement, 11 rooms,
Easy terms. Bargain for quick sale.
Worth your investigation. Apply H.
Minton, District Ledger. 32104
property in this rapidly growing city,
write, wire, or phone JOHN P; MITCHELL, Box 262, Medicine Hat, the
City of Opportunity. 324tnp
'MINERS WANTED—Also laborers.
Apply Western Coal und Coko co„
Bonvor Mines, via Pincher Crook, Alta,
Athbasca Landing. Apply Box 2D,
Ooal Crook. 33tfn
standard bred stock. White Rocks,"
Fishd'a strain, White Orpingtons,
Whlto Wynndottos, 12.50 per setting.
Aylesbury duck eggs, $10,50 per 100,
Mammoth Toulouse goose oggB, 50
cents.   Mrs. Davies, Fernie Annox.332
Fornlo Co-oporatlvo Society. Make
nppllcatlln early, stating experience
and wages roquircd, to Socrotnry, box
514, Fornlo. 34
Whon Spring comoB the young man's
j thoughts turn lightly to lov«, and the
still youiim generation to marbles,
hut Htrnnirn tho' It may appear UiU
nffiiBlon|f)f tho poet is not so applicable In tills part of tbo world ns It In
others lmpaiino our younger element
prefer to hunt tho leather whenovor
thc opportunity presents Itself during
■ ■ WHIM ■ 1
Isis Theatre
A King BiiKRot Imp, 2 roolB, In n
contest for popularity King Bnggot,
tho Imp loading niiiii, wiib votod tho
most popular actor In moving plctiirofl
Wn show him nt IiIh bout In a Htrong
political di'uiim, doiiling with present
day conditions,- whore a burglar ho-
en mo nn honost man, lived down Ills
piuit and won a powerful placo as nld-
oriiian, Graft nnd honoBty hattlo for
tho prize, An unusual foaturo pror,
'tluotlbh. '     '"""" " "''':
ThnnhouBor Educational, Anothor
Interesting foaturo, This picture of
bird life shows 200,000 pigeons lining
fed 20,000 tons of wheat,
101 Ulsnn. Vldurntlonnl renl nlJhnnd-
ing In IntorostlnB BconoBsof mnny Indian tribes, No company could portray tho Indian as well as the IMson,
Monday and Tuesday
"TOYS OP DESTINY"   2 reel Powers.
This gripping story £cra(|,uaUy unfolds the
Mlliino Driiiiiu. A young professor,
discouraged with iittomptH to properly finish liiB oporn Is finally assisted
hy his girl ■student who Iovob him,
Solnx llrnma. A protty story of
lovo In high society.       ,,.
1'oworB, Human Interest story of
groat merit, showing how nn escaped
convict proved, his claim to being call-,
od "A Mah."
Thanhouser comedy. Tho commuter hurriedly grabs tho wrong parcel,
leaving tho eat In strange hands.
Whon tlio'ent Is lot out the fun commences."
A Bpllt-rccd of real foollahncss.
working of Fate.
ri\ti*y diiui 2>4U»tvi<^
2 root Illson,  Another beautiful western
ploturo of Hfo In the open.
ISIS PICTURES, tlio whole Ktory of"oxwsHciicc in production iuul nrt.
ISIB MUSIC, welt you leuow how plcnsinj? our popular uiusiciiiUH nro
TIiiiI'h tho (.•ombimition which mado
Isis Best Always-Como, Soo, Hoar, Leavo Happy
i ^
fWt^***V.ti1t._tV..tti,tiltiftti,V <MMM^AUH^^**^HHHtJM^Mt»»**<
|*f Tlie District Camps
a.    .
Comrade Fitzgerald was in camp on
Saturday and Sunday. He gave a lecture in front of the Southern hotel on
Saturday night to a big crowd. On
Sunday he heat anything that the people of Bellevue ever heard. Comrade
Fitzgerald spoke for two hours and
there is no doubt that he has Socialism a science. The meeting
was open to anyone who had any
ideas to advance. But they all seemed satisfied. Tho man who wanted
to meet Comrade O'Brien at Hlllcrest
was in the .meeting when it opened,
but before it;ihad gone very far he
„was missing, One gentleman asked
a couple of questions and when an-
'swered snid he was satisfied. At the
conclusion of the meeting three cheers
were given for C. M. O'Brien, and the
old building was made to ring. We
were sorry that our candidate was so
sick in bed that he could not come
and address us. But we, will do the
trick on Thursday.
■Mr. and Mrs. David Davidsqn, were
in Blairmore on Saturday night on
The Rev. W. Irwin left camp on
Tuesday for a few days
Mr. L. H.-Putnam of Blairmore was
a visitor in camp this week.
Mrs. S. Shone left camp on Saturday for Calgary where she' will reside in the future.
Tho officers ami members of the
Bellevue Athletic association wish,
through the columns of the District
Ledger, to thank the people of Bellevue for thc way they have helped
them financially and hope In the near
future to be able to furnish them with
some' first class sport.   '
Mrs. R. Evans left camp this week
on a visit to Calgary.
The, people of Bellevue had tho opportunity of listening to. the Labor
candidate, W. B. Powell. He spoke
jfor quite a long time,and told us that
he had a lot of work to^o when he
got to the house in Edmonton. He is
the Labor candidate but he told us
that the Liberals had pledged themselves to support him individually and
collectively, so I- guess he told the
cussion at the. close of his address,
a big crowd being on hand. The meeting broke up near, midnight.
Bill Savage caught a' fine lynx the
other day. He said it was a birthday
present, being caught on his anniversary.   Oh, you rooster!
The Michel football club are preparing once more for the coming season. The boys are beginning to hunt
the pigskin in their spare moments of
leisure, and although the team is far
below the usual strength, they expect
to give a good account of themselves
before the end of the season is reached. Anyone wishing to become playing members, are asked to give their
names to Pete McGovern, secretary.
Geo. Lucks, an old timer, blew in
on Monday from the Yellowhead pass
to renew old acquaintances. George
says there Is not much doing at present at the mines up there, two or
three  places  having  closed  down.
Trites-Wood company is making use
of the old store which has stood empty so long belonging to Mr. Tom Crah-
an, and used by the Union during the
strike. Jt will come in useful for a
temporary store, seeing that the nearest place r,where people can buyt, is
NTew Town.
Mr. Alex Williamson, power house
engineer, pulled out on the flyer Tuesday morning for Vancouver.
On Thursday evening last an Invitation dance was given ln Crahan's
hall by tho Fraternal Order of Eagles,
when about 150 persons spent an enjoyable time until the small hours
of the morning, Joe Halsall acted as
floor mnBtcr and the favorlto orchestra (Almond's) was in attondnnco. Refreshments of a light and de-llght-ful
character woro served about midnight.
Invitation dances havo become qulto
popular In Michel.
On Friday evening tho members of
Michel lodgo woro visited by brethren of the Mount Fornlo und Corbin
lodges, I.O.O.F., ln tho OddfollowB'
hall. Degree work was put on by
both visiting lodges. A social timo
was afterwards spont.
Thoro was a caso of smnll-pox in
enmp last wook, but tho" enorgotic doctor soon had the case iBolatod, after
being caused somo considerable inconvenience In having to move tho
pationt from tho hospital for a short
.Tlm Watson, a brattice man In,No,
fl mino, Is progressing favorably, aftor
tho Bomowhnt 'peculiar accident ho
received whilBt mixing Bomo limn,
rniiHlng him oonsldornhlo pnln on tho
faoo and oyos, duo to bolng burnod.
Tho flno weather oi tho last fow
■days has changed the npponranco ot
tho camp from winter lo spring and
thn change will ho much appreciated,
' ospoclnlly hy (ho women folks who
havo boon hold captive so long.,
(5""™ 'wwiwln' ,*l!!im i* t 0 |
Store ofQnality
Boots and Shoes
For Women, Men
Boys, Girls and
Mrs. Chris Wright of Morrissey Villa returned from Calgary on Saturday.
She has been spending a few months'
vacation and dollars there. Chris
journeyed as far as the "Windy City"
to: meet her; Chris now wears the
smile that won't come off.
A snowslide occurred during the
week-end, in the vicinity of No, 1
South mine. Fortunately, no one was1
about at the time or the result might
liave been serious..
A landslide occurred oni the north
side of.the creek on Monday, which
caused a great amount of debris to
accumulate on the government road.
Xo injuries reported.
Coal Creek was fairly well represented at the mass meeting held on
Sunday last. Owing to the train being late going down the meeting did
not start at the advertised time, and
in order to make the train back sev-
meeting.was over.
The-residents of French camp turned out to see what they thought was
an aeroplane,'' but on investigation it
proyed to be one^of the "boys." The
manoeuvers were like an aeroplane
In.distress.. Nuff sed.*
The football fraternity have taken
advantage o'f the two idle days this
tt'eek and have beW chasing the leather to thoir heart's content, - There will
be' a practice match on Sunday night.
Kick off at 6.30 p.m
Preliminary notice, The Rev. Mr.
Dlmick will occupy tho pulpit at the
Methodist church on Sunday, April
27. Subject: "A Missionary Sermon."   Everybody welcome.
Jim Buahlll and family havo removed to Fernie, In consequence of which
there aro'sovonil changes of houses
taking place.
Another poultry farm Is starting
in our midst. Say, Danny, when Is
tho foundation stone laying coromony
taking placo on your chlckon coop?
Tho shlveree band was called to-
gothor to meot tho 2.20 train hero or,
Tuesday to give a "nolslcal" welcome
to Bort Parsons, who returned bnck
to camp after spending a fow months
vacation back in Somerset, England,
accompanlod by his hrldo. Tho band
would not diBporso until Bert camo
through with tho dough, Wo hid you
both welcome.
Tho vicinity of Morrlasoy cottngOB
was all nllvo on Wednesday, tho occasion bolng tho mrirrlngo of Mr, Wm,
Appleby and Adeline .Toiiph, which
took placo on Tuosdny afternoon In
tho MothodlHt church, Fornlo. Rev,
Mr. Dimmlek tlod tho nuptial knot.
The shlveree hand was up betimes on
Wednesday morn Ing and In Iho ovonlng, English nud his bloodhounds worn
around, hot on llm trail of tho liquids.
Owing to tho HhiPSB of tho bride's
niothor, thn foHllvltloH woro somewhat
fiirtiillml, llowovor, tho "hoys" wish
you both a long nnd happy Hfo, nnd
the MuUlno provldod wont down great,
Two llttlo pigs thoy wont to bod—
hod—-bod—bed—boil, nnd kissed tliolr
partner on the head, head, huad, head,
Arrnh-fah-do-dl-iiy, Nuff sed. Oh,
you kid I
Thn Ladlos Aid, in connection with
tlio Presbyterian church, aro holding
n "pound social" on Thursday, April
21,    Admission 25 cents.    Time of
tUillliiuiiuiiK vwii Lm.- tililiuiliU.'t'd UU itll)
dc;n>i VuJli'lJjj I'U'jj'd lului: }\ii\jclti
will lx> thankfully received. Tea will
hn served during the ovonlng, and a
good programme Is being arranged,
Everybody welcome.
' The board of trade meeting held
Thursday last proved to be a very
tame affair. The only business on
hand was the signing of Charter members. The fun will doubtless, begin
Bill Robson is busy pulling down
his studio on, ihain street and is rebuilding it as an addition to his residence. Evidently Willie doesn't intend leaving Hosmer for a while yet.
We notice that an individual by the
name of Symonds, of Lethbridge, is,
proclaiming far and wide* that Hosmer Local Union's resolution asking
for Jones' recall was framed up by
a Conservative and railroaded thro'
the local. For the, information of Mr.
Symonds, I may say that while the
members of Hosmer local don't profess to have any undue amount of
intelligence they have at least passed
the lap dog stage.
Hosmer local endorsed the resolution from Canmore and .Michel locals
re the notorious political jackpot.
Lethbridge local's appeal for financial aid for "Mr. Jones'" campaign
was placed on file. I nearly, wrote
"fire," which would have been a good
place for It.
Ladies, have you persuaded your
"hubbies" to take that Lethbridge trip
on May 1st? If not, get busy! It. will
remind you of an Old Country. trip
to tho seaside. Besides we want to
let those Sunny Albertans know that
there's such a place as Hosmer on the
map. The round trip fare is $3.75
for adults and $1.75 for juveniles.
Mr Pruett, late coke oven foreman,
is now amongst the uuemployed. Nuff
An officer of the Canadian militia
was in camp Thursday in connection
with business re the Civilian Rifle
association. Some people claim it
was the irrepressible Sam Hughes,
What Are You Doing
With Your Life f\
You have all heard of the wise old
guy who carried a lighted lantern
across the public square of his home
town in ancient Greece; in broad daylight, looking for an honest man. It
was a pretty good joke, only a little
overdone. Honest men are not so
scarce as all that. The old codger
would have been nearer to the truth
if he had been looking for a satisfied
man or a satisfied woman. But that
wouldn't have been, so funny. Maybe
that's the reason why he didn't make
a joke of it.
People haven't grown any better
satisfied since that time. On the contrary, they have become more dissatisfied than ever. I don't suppose you
are satisfied with things as they are.
At least I don't want to insult your
intelligence by assuming you are satisfied. There are only two or three
kinds of people who are satisfied with
life as it is, such as idiots, lunatics
and easy marks. Everybody else is
dissatisfied. You can verify this easily by looking over the list of your
acquaintances,. Even the face of the
first stranger you meet will tell the
same tale.
The first thing that people generally talk about after passing the time
of day and remarks about the weather is their dissatisfaction. A faded
sort of hopeless expression comes into
their eyes and then you know what
they are going to say. It is something
like this: "Life is just one blooming
thing after another." or "Such is life,"
or "Life ain't worth living," or "What
is the use?"
If they aren't in this drooping, hopeless mood they have some wish that
has about as much  chance of ever
Mr. and Mrs. M.M; McLean, lately j being fulfilled as you have of being
of Corbin, are now residents of Hosmer, Mickey having taken a position
as fire-boss on B level.
W. Rankin was at Bellevue, April
12, as Hosmer's representative at the
ball league.
•Mr. Stockett of the C.P.R. mining
department was in Hosmer during
the week on business.
Mr. Editor, things are coming to
a pretty pass when sabotage has to
be practiced to muzzle the Socialist
movement. It's about time we commenced spring cleaning.
Harry Hutson, traveller and man of
many climes has started wprk again
in the mines. Harry says he felt lonesome when the boys were on shift.
Hosmer la tb keep up its social
prestige this summer, the Lawn Tennis club having decided to operate
ngain. "Beastly fine glme, doncher
kneow." ' ^
A largo number of strangers are
coming Into camp. Possibly Hosmer
Is only -a stepping stone to hotter
Liberal organizers have boon touring tho province trying to put a bit
of life into the Liberals, Ono of thorn
who, ns usual, had tho wad, was In
Hosmor and libld a mooting but found
tho local Lnurlors as doad as herrings,
Tho Ladles Aid of tho Prosbytorlan
church aro holding a pancake Boclal
Friday, tho 18th, nt 8,30 p,m. Everybody welcome,
You want to watch out, Harry; your
justice of poaco job Is in joopardy,
Wouldn't A.B, mako a peach of n
judge?  All ho needs Is a monocle.
Tho McKolvIo clan have just received anothor recruit from the Old
Country. Lot 'em nil como! Sho's
a big country.
Tho footballers had tho pigskin out
for the first timo Tuosdny nnd proved
to havo a fow WcUb loft In thorn yet.
Turn out hoys and practice. Wo nood
A, L, Fortier Ih uwny to Calgary on
biz this weok.
Mrs. ,T, Mubkiwo and Miss Pllblado
wero taking In Iho sights of tho "Pittsburg of tho West" Saturday.
Stownrt Flotcher Ih hack at his old
Job at the depot,
elected President of the United States
Then they wind up with a sigh:
"Gosh, I wish.things were different."
What Do You ,Wish For?
I'll make a safe guess right now that
"youHTave" someTwisK"! ike-
Everything for Dress
V in rrpor'rd Hint pond nnd profit-
nlile nre r.f Iho rmnll cia' which \_
tlt«n wimfo product nf. the collWW
ta being made nt Bontloy, noar Don
cjslor. The coal Is first powdered In
a disintegrator; It In then mixed wilh
n Diniiiiif.' agent, and churnod in a
i.j I""'' hjjj.-ic.-J (o uhlci'i su*u>ui ia
admitted Aftor cooling tho mixtuivs
panne* through st<o«l r&llern *r'\U'.\,
lomprofcs the fuel'Into lumps each
wulghlng (1 ot, Tho shape o! nn cgc
•hiutj, i>i *  I«l,r,vi *«<uc-kki. *>» *M*i j U'.b   i.vtii   vittoptt-ii   i'i,t   litis  Wei-fust
are not unreasonable wishes, either,
They are the most reasonable wishes
in the world.     Every one of them
means that you  are    cramped    and
squeezed  into   some  conditions  that
prevent you from growing,to your full
physical and mental powers.
, All these wishes are  so common
that I can name every one of them.
Your wishes are among the following:
People want more money,    or they
want more clothes and'better clothes,
or-, they want more  nourishing and
lasting food, or they want a home of
their own, free from  debt, or thoy
want to be independent and work for
themselves,   or they want to travel
and see the world, or they would like
to study somo science or art, or they
need moro lelsuro and rocroation or
thoy need a complete rest, but are
compelled to stay ln the harness, or
thoy would llko to give mother and
tho children a good outing or somo
prosonts, or thoy wish for security In
old ago, or thoy would llko to have
somo  assurance  that  thoir chlldron
will not want nftor father nnd mother
havo joined their ancestors.
Hard Work Does Not Satisfy Wants
Mind you, those nro hopeless wishes
for millions of pooplo today.     Ahd
most peoplo learn in tho course of
yoars thnt thoy nro hopoloss,     Yot
thoy never stop wishing nnd hoping
for thoso things,   Somehow It seems
as though wo ought to got all that
by our labor.   Wo work hard enough.
But It hooiiib thnt you can't got thnso
things by working for thorn, for the
overwhelming  majority   of  working
pooplo in tho United States hnvon't
got thorn.   Thoy worry  nlong helplessly, knowing that In nil prolmblll-j
ty thoy will novor havo all tho monny j
they nood, novor linvn a homo of thoir |, never hn able to provldo iiriiIiihi
sIckiioBs nnd old nge, novor do thn
kind of work thoy llko host, npver
bo  nblo to die  pcnrofully  with  the
knowledge that the children nrn ho-
cured ngalnst wait,
This In bad enough, suroly, Hut It.
isn't thc wond. It ls hnd enough to
hnvo to wIhIi vainly for morn money,
hotter clothes, a homo, moro leisure
and rocroation, mora congenial employment, lint thorn aro thnnsniidN
of honnHt nnd willing pooplo In MiIh
rich country, who nro compound to
...t„1,    */>*,.    .,_,,..    l.l.yl     rl    tr-rt.l       .*,.,.    \*.[,:]
cf f'\i*.ll\<**, itnv kind nf whnttor, ,inv
I kind of work, nnd wlio novor hnndln
| enough money to got the barest necessities of Hfo from ono week to uu-
What No Work Means -
•Most of these unfortunates are good
sober and thrifty people. They would
willingly work at any kind of a job,
however hard and filthy it might bo.
But thero are no jobs for them.
Maybe you have been without work
for a few weeks, or months, and you
know what it means to walk the street
without any prospect of getting a
meal for the next twenty-four hours,
or for seven times twenty-four hours,
And you know how long it takes to
get back on your feet, even after you
have been lucky enough to secure n
job and get regular wages every Saturday. But how' would you like to
live in that condition of hopeless misery all your life? Well, millions cf
people in this grand country are compelled, through no fault of their own,
to live all their lives just like that,
always fighting * the wolf of., starvation or never getting enough to eat
from the cradle to the grave.
You can't get the full meaning of
this, unless you have spent years of
such life and carry the marks 'of it
with you to the end. But you can get
a faint idea of it when you realize that
even the people who are employed
all the time and get fairly good wages
get so little out of life that they have
to wish hopelessly for more money,
better food, better clothes, and a home
of their own, not to mention security
in old age or freedom from worrying
during the best years of their existence.
Intelligent Dissatisfaction
Who wouldn't be dissatisfied under
such conditions? Every man, ev.vy
woman, no matter how humble, has
some ambition, at least so long as
they have not become exhausted and
utterly hopeless. It isn't good for
the human race to have millions of
people in a state of everlasting unrest, and certainly it isn't good for
humanity to have millions of people
steeped in hopeless wretchedness. But
"as~16Sg~as we mustHbe-dissatfs£Ied7
What man, what woman, with any
kind of spirit, has not thought many
times during their toilsome existence:
What am I getting out of life? Have
I got to worry along like this to the
bitter end? Will there never be anything else for me In* this life buc the
everlasting grind from morning ic
night, witn grocery hills, rent and
bieakdown as the ouly prospects to
cbcei me on tono'w exertions? Wi-!
there never be anything better for
me to look forward to than a mere
drudge's existence?
Should We Be Satisfied?
You know the answer to these questions. You have given it to yourself
and you have had it given to you by
others. "There's" no way out of it."
Then some smooth exhorter probably
came along and added: 'The poor you
will have with you "always." Or, "It
is Providence. Be content with your
station in life." But that wasn't what
they taught us in school, was it? ' If
ihev mean have, no ambition,
why did they always dangle the li^es
of so-sulled great men before our eyes
■md tell us to model afte- them?
No doubt you have wondered about
this veiy thin'?. There must be a reason foi all these things. This bus!
rfcss of trying to get to the top- certainly works line for tho-w who are
a'tc-acij- on top, because tho harder
vo work to get there, the nio.-o thote
on tcp get from us. But Wiere do
wo come in?
(To be continued next week)
AVe carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*: Frank, Alta.
wouldn't it be better to be dissatisfied intelligently and with a definite
purpose than to be stupidly and submissively wallowing in abject surrender to oppressive conditions?
P..V. WHELAN, Manager.
Don't forget to try Eastern's
. When you want
Coleman Bakery
Alex, Easton, Prop.
"The Store the People Own"
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold  Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business 8treet.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
New Store of Men's
Wear Will Be Open
Everything that's in
It Is New.
Keep the Money in Coleman
Ths finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
occurring In No. 1 Nortn mine on Sun-
day'midnight, Pntil Barzlnr met with
his doatli. Sovoral hours olniisod boforo tho unfortunate follow could bol
oxtrlcntoJ, Tlio mines woro Idlo Monday In consoijuenoo,
Mrs. Owens and Mrs. Griffiths of
Wf>st Ffrtiln ww tnkltiif In th« slKhtu
of Coal Creole on Tuesday afternoon.
What think yo of tho mountains?
Tho architectural design and the
(smartness of appearance of the new
f?rhool «u»d on*» Individual to Mk
If that was Coal Crook town hall.
Huiiy for you, Goorso!
fa "
prtlclo in order to irovont tlio fuil
from rnklnB In tho nr.r.ncon, msd It
Is claimed that tho calorific vnluo of
tho product It from flftwrn to twenty
por cont greater than that of the coal
In Its original ulnt-*, thn fnwriflfl being duo to tho binding agent of which
tar forms nn  Important  jwrf,      Tlio
prion la Blljihtly tern than tlmt of the
boat Barnnloy coal.  Kt tho ronult of
tests   conducted  on  fant paasenger
locomotive* tho Great N'orthurn railway company h*to placed »n onlor
I for a largo quantity of thm ntmv product.
Tell Him He Can Be Cured In
1   Three Dayi.
The Neal Treatment at the
Neal Initituta Will Quickly Restore Him to fielf-Maitery.
Tho Noal Institute
Cranbrook, H.C.
Box 325. phone 273
Stylish Young Fellows
Tite iiiiisli'i'i'nt slyli's nl' Iluliii.-i'lin .Mnde tu .Measure (Indies lipped! tn Hie "Kltvlinlt Youiiir Fellow"
lis no oilier kinds cnn Tlierc ix ;i style without
"lYenltiiicss" fit, nn*! <|iiiiti|y liml mark the wcurrr
iim ji well dressed voiiiik mini. And tliey cost no
more limn Die commoner hurt.
OF oXYXjI&H ititi)iiitiii
Our Shoe Department Is Complete
Mno Shoes from $3.00 to $0.00
Mine Shoes from $2.75 to $0.00 '
Our regular fine Klines iuul l.eekie mino' shoim
lire Keeoinl lo none. Quality nml slylo uliNoluldy
Blalrmoro, Alta.
Solo Agency The House of Hobberlin, Limited twtsiAAaac'=iu^cn*i .n'Jtwsr xrz^s&.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as wc represented. Thero
is no hocus poens in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,    Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.    P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
'lie-opened under new
■ by  the month
--- BATHS —
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything ,
Gall in and
see us once
At present; the chief outlet for coke
is the iron industry which uses approximately three-fourths of the whole
In Young's -patent the gases were
drawn off just above the coal by an
exhauster, and after passing through
a by-product plant tho waste gases
wore fed into the furnace underneath
the oven and burnt, the products of
combustion thence passing through a
casing enclosing the dome, and fin
ally passing to the chimney.
In the Pernolet, Aitken and Jameson ovens, etc., the vapors were drawn
away as fast as produced through the
cooler layers, and no deposition of
carbon took place. The portions of
tiie charge farthest removed from tlie
source of heat were distilled vory
slowly, and by the time the heat
reached them their coking properties
would be considerably lessened. The
Pernolet oven was rightly designed,
in that the chamber was kept enclosed and air excluded as much as
possible, but the distillation was, after all, a low-temperature one, and
consequently the tars produced were
thin, containing a large percentage of
paraffin bodies, while the sulphate
yield  was  low.
A later development of the Perno-
let oven was erected at the Shamrock pit, Westphalia, in 1SSG, in which
a regenerative system was used. The
charges were coked in comparatively
shallow layers, and the quality of the
coke was satisfactory. The condensing plant, was efficient, ancl the yield
is quoted by Lunge as 5 per cent, tar
and 1 per cent, sulphate of ammonia.
The disadvantage of coking in comparatively deep layers especially with
loan coals being now apparent, attention was drawn to the methods of
heating the ovens, and the Copp<5e
oven was introduced, bringing about
considerable improvement in this respect. The Coppee oven is of the retort shape, tho charge being heated
on both sides simultaneously. Thus
■the heat had to penetrate a much reduced thickness of conl, and the carbonisation was much more rapid. The
yield of coke was likewise increased,
as the surface of the charge exposed
to tlie air was in small proportion
to the whole mass.
In .1SSJ the Carves oven, modified
~by™T\iTr" Simon~of_Manchesterr'Vvas"-iri="
troduced inio this country, and *the
first Simon-Carves plant thus came
into being. , From the by-product
point, of view thc results were very
encouraging, the yields being 0 1-2
gallons of tar and 28 lbs. of sulphate
of ammonia per ton coal.
Shortly after this the Semet-Solvay
oven wns brought out, but for some
timo the by-product oven made little
progress owing to the prejudice of the
ironmasters against the appearance
of the coke, but once this prejudice
was overcome the by-product oven
mado phenomenal progress,
Referring  to the  actual  plant  for
the recovery of by-products from nny
of tlio modern coke-ovens, the general
system up to quite recently has been
one of cooling by air iuul wator-cooled
condensers, tar extraction by Impact
or washing, nnd absorption of the Inst
traces of ammonia by means of water
In nmmonln scrubbers.   Tho object Is
o bring Uio temperature of tho gns
down gradually to 2i"  degrees Cont.
before passing through tbo nmmonia
scrubbers','   Tho bulk of tho tar Is deposited by .simply cooling, leaving a
comparatively small proportion to be
dealt with by the tar extractor proper.   Tlio nmmonlacal liquor Is worked
up Into sulphate of .ammonia, or concentrated to a strength up to"17 per
cent.   In this "wntor absorption" process tho whole of tlio moisture mechanically hold lir the slack Is .condensed,  along  with  the "'-water  produced by the combination of Ub elements in  tlm  coal.   This forms the
basis of the nmnionlacnl liquor, which
U further Increased In bulk by tlio
addition-of cold wntor to tlio scrub-
hers.   Taking tlio. nvnrngo of 11 coko
plants ns mIvcii In tlio Alkali Report*,
ve find Uii) total .qnnntlty of ammonia
In Uio liquors to bo O.Sfifl per cen*„
If wo take n basis of 1.0 pnr cent, nitrogen In'Uio conl and a conversion of
IV-'\    *&*Ai 44-?*Q h
>WE /)** M •"" X. 'L4\f^
16.per cent, of this into ammonia, we
should find that this percentage represents a total weight of liquor of
22 1-2 per cent, of the weight of coal
charged into the ove:i*o, or approximately double the amaint produced
unavoidably from tha moisture in.the
coal. The cooling ot the gas down to
25 degrees Cent., as the distillation of this added water, represents
a serious disadvantage in the economy
of the process. A further loss (amounting to 3 to 5 per cent i is entailed
in the exposure of liquor to the a;-
mosphere. These disadvantages have
Leen partially of complet>'.y eliminat-
'd In the newer forms o? ammonia
plants, which may be classed as semi-
direct and direct.
The Simon-Carves system aims at
a primary removal of the heavier tars
in a cyclone extractor, without any
moving parts, leaving the lighter tars
only to be extracted frictionally. This
appears to be on tbe right lines when
we consider the difference in the tars
produced by cooling coke oven gases
to various temperatures.   These truly
direct processes offer tempting advantages as far as thermal losses are concerned, and where tho gases are kept
above the dew-point of water up to tho
point of combustion at the ovens, no
condensation,   and  consequently,   no
effluent,   is   produced.      Under  such
conditions the direct processes are at
their best, but no account of the benzol  side  of  the question   is included
in  these  conditions,  and  the aspect
somewhat changes whore benzol is to
bo   recovered.    For  benzol   recovery
the gases must be reduced in temperature to about 25 degrees Cent, and
the  water  vapor  condensing    would
give  an effluent  which   would,  however, be clear, and only half the bulk
of the older water absorption systems.
Tar distillation is now receiving more
attention   at  thc  hands  of  the  coke
oven designers, ancl several coke oven
firms are also erectors bf tar plants.
In a coke works plant  of the Evonce
Coppee company, a saving of fuel is
brought about by driving off the water
and light oils in a primary still heated
by the vapors from the latter portion
of a distillation.   In a new type of tar
distilling plant,  tho Hennebutte  process, now being put down by the Coke
Oven Construction company, Sheffield,
to  whom the  writer  is  indebted  for
ary heating from an  enclosed steam
coil, and passes on to the still, into
which air is injected under such conditions'that some of the-hydrocarbons
are   partially   deprived   of' hydrogen
which combines with the oxygen of
the air employed, the heat liberated
in the reaction being amply sufficient
to supply the necessary heat for distillation.
Little change may be observed in
the design of benzol plants. Tho tendency nt the present time leans towards the production of the refined
products at tho coke ovens. Tlonzol
has attracted considerable interest in
tho motor Industry, and a large quantity of the washed product ls annually
exported for this purpose. Repented
trials hnvo shown no serious obstacle
to the use of the refined product
which gives a greater mileage per
gallon. The distillation curves of various spirits Indicate that whilst, benzol requires a slightly higher Initial
tonipornlnro, Its range of vaporisation
is not so oxtondod as with potro.l,
Coming to the quostlon o'f surplus
gas. Modern ovens may be divided
into tlio "waste heat" nnd "rogonora-
tive" classes, tlio former giving a yloil
of sparo gas varying- up to 30 por cent,
tho latter rising to (10 por cent,, these
flgurOn being dopondont on the amout'
of volatile matter In tho coal, Tli I a
gas up to recently lias boon largely
burnt undor boilers, giving a lo\y,or
efficiency tlmn could bo obtained' by
using ll ln rub onglnoH,
The comparison in efficiency Is gon-
fi'idly quoted about 2 to Ii, but with
iho latest developments of surface
combustion Introduced by Dr. Ilono,
along witli tlio .modern types of stonin
nngl.noB tbo efficiencies would bo noaiv,
ly equnl, Where n plant Is well situ-
ntod for the wilo of powor, a rogonorn-
tlvo type of plant would bo advantageous, but with n plant soniowhnt
Isolated it wosto boat typo Is moro
fiorvlomihlo. Tbo following Is an average analysis of coko oven gas basod
on results from Tour typos of coko
By-product coke ovens are now displacing old ovens of the beehive type
in South Wales.   Among the installations now in- course of erection may
he mentioned one of 100 Koppers regenerative ovens for the Ebbw Yale
Steel, Iron and Coal company.   In addition to the ovens, the installation
is to include a by- product plant for
extracting tar and producing sulphate
of ammonia by  the  direct recovery
.process,   two   coke-pushing   engines
arranged    with    mechanical    levelling    gear,    and    two    coal-charging
cars.   There will also be a coal storage bunker having a capacity of 1,000
tons of coal, and a service hopper of
1,000 tons capacity, complete with all
necessary   conveying   and   elevating
machinery, together with three Lancashire  boilers.   The  ovens   will  be
provided with an inclined hearth for
discharging the coke, and the hearth
will be furnished at the foot with suitable gates for loading the coke into
the carriers of an aerial ropeway. The
coal  will  be charged  into the  oven
from above by means of an electrically operated charging lorry driven by
a  lu   horse-power   motor,   while   the
coke will be discharged by a pushing
engine, also electrically operated, and
equipped  with a motor of HO horsepower.   An   installation   for  the  Glamorgan  Coal company at Llwynypia
is   nearing   completion'.      The   plant
consists of 50 Koppers regenerative
ovens, with by-product plant for" the
extraction of tar and the manufacture
of sulphate of ammonia by the direct
process, and all the requisite subsidiary plant, comprising machinery for
charging the ovens, levelling the coal,
and discharging the coke.   There will
also be,a coal-carrying arrangement,
a   coal   storage   bunker  of   GOO   tons
capacity,'and a,coke quenching'apparatus on the Darby principle.
The Socialists expect, when giv^n
political power by the voters, to drop
the stockholders and other private
owners of public utilities entirely out
of the system of production ancl distribution as rapidly as possible. The
plan is to make public utilities collective property, and to rid our political
world of those economic influences
able to manipulate the law and its
execution for the enrichment of the
few and the pauperization of the producers.—The Parmer.
Youno Man, Vouno Woman, Which Do Your Prefer7
A NICE FULL, HEALTHY Head of balr ou u clean nnd healthy scalp,
free from IRRITATION, or a BALI) UMM) and n DISHASED and Irrltn-
bin scalp covornd with scales commonly called IMND1UOT7
.SCALE3 ON THC !3CM*n, "*• "'• l^by 'rrltntlori tn 'vrvaiTiVV IMinriF
yoiirltlilr and sculp Is in it OISIOASJSD condition, iih scale, commonly called
DANDRUFF, originates from ono of tbo following PAHASITICAL DIH-
KASKSof tbo OAPILLIAUY (Hands, such as (Seborrlmo, Sicca, Capitis,
Totter, Alopocln or Hczemii) and certain to result in absolute IIALDNICHS
unless cured beforo the OHRM lias tbo CAPILLARY (Hands destroyed.
1IALDNK88 and tlio LOBS of hnlr Is absolutely un necessary ami very unbecoming. !
ALL DISEASES OF THE HAIR Fnde nwny like DRW under mv srlenflflr
troiUment, and I positively have tbo only Hysii.m of treatment so far
known to flCIRKCti that Is POSITIVELY nnd PKRMANHNTLY curing
DIHKAHKB ol tlm hair and promoting n«w Krowth. 'ihe hair run lm fully
restored to Its natural thickness and VITALITY on all heads that still
show fine lmlr or fuKK'to prove tbo roots are not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM Of treatment for outoftheClTY people
who rannot come lo me tor personal inaiim-nt, (WI1ITK TODAY) for
qucstloft blank and full PARTICULAIIH. Knclotm stamp, and mention
this paper. My prices and terms aa- rwisonaMfc My cures are POSJ-
"Coniult the Seat, and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience
The World's most Scientific Hair and 8c*lp Specialist
Per cont.
...    2,4
... 28.8
Hydrogen    ,,,
,-,. 54,1
Carbon monoxldo ,.
...    5,0
Carbon dioxide .,,.
....   2.0
0-;"~fr.           ...    .. ...
...    n.1
....    7.S
Tbo abovo figures all repro«ont the
average right through n chnrgo, nnd
tbo calorific valuo 510 n.Th.U. not,
—Tbo Science and Art of Mining,
Emll   Seidel,
In   Ooolallst   Campaign
Colloctlvo ownership of Uie trusts
would retain tbo Rood feature* and
eliminate tho bad features., Tho people would then again bo tho roasters
of their own weal and woe,
The nation should through Its rov-
ornm'ent t«Ue possession at once of
tbo natlonnl trusts! tho state should
own those trusts tlmt are a unit In
th«! sum;, tliu couttUtt* aUouM.owa
those tni«« that nr© a unit In ih#
counties: nnd tbo eHios should own
those thst *ro * """ ,n th* dtles.
(Continued from Page 3)
equally—tired-~cIerk_or_ sal esmaivdoes"
not. rise and offer her liis seat. Or
perhaps she resents the rudeness o!'
tlie conductor who daily works under
conditions in which he does well to
maintain his sanity.
It is always the immediate occasion
that arouses the indignation of the
unthinking. They never look to the
■A clear-sighted man who does observe and think said tliat he once saw
a farm hand trying to drown three rats
in a pall of water. The rats struggled
for life but each one turned on and
tore at liis follows Instead of attacking tho hand that was thrusting them
all down, "And do you know," snid
this man, "It struck mo that that was
a good Must nl Ion of our human so-
cioty. Each person in it is blaming
and attacking someone olso instead
of fighting the system that is thrusting us all down,"
And what Is this system tliat !ios
heavy upon us liko a malign glant'.i
hand? It is known ns tho capitalist
organization ol' society and this Is-the
way that It operates to degrade us all.
Tho. essence of this system is that
Invested capital demands incroaso upon itsolf. If John D, Rockefeller's income this year Is 70 million dollars
It must next year Inevitably and Inexorably be 75 or 80 millions. Without
any effort or-oven doslro on the part
of its owner It will steadily increase
so long as this system endures,
niit where does this Incroaso como
from? Not out of tbo sky nor out of
tho ground, Mr. Rockefeller might
buj-y bis 70 million dollars of wonlth
In the ground, they might lie thoro
until thoy rot without brooding ono
dollar of Incronso. Whoro docs tbls
Incronso como from? It oomos from
tho labor and tbo deprivation of other
human linings and Mr. Rockefeller's
gain Is tliolr loss.
Thoy lose the vnluo of tliolr labor
which goes to rurtnor onrlch him and
the reBt of tbo capitalists Instead of
thenVsolvos; and they nre deprived of
tho commodities which thoy nood to
consume, 'linennso practically ovory
necessity of dally llfo Is now withhold
from ns until wo have first paid tribute to tbo capital Invested In Its production. Tho greater tho amount of
capital Invented In nny enterprise tho
greater th<o amount that wo aro re-
nnlrod in pnv fnr the nrndunt nnd the
smaller tho relative pny to tho labor
that aotmilly produces It.
This is whst Socialists mean whon
tbey say Hint tho conflict between
labor and capital U fundamental nnd
Irreconcilable. From tho samo product must como tlio Interest and dividends bf capital and the wages and
snlnrlOB of labor. Tlio moro tho return to tho one, tho loss remains1 for
tho other. Under our present system
Invested capital must steadily bo In-
created or the enterprise la accounted
n failure. Tho pressuro of this demand U .lUiiy* greater t-huu 'y**'j mc|V-'
ly superficial "reform" measures tliat
can bo devised to oppose It. The onlv
possible way to ond this conflict between capital and labor is to m»t«n the
capitalist and the laborer one. Thst
will happen when tho labor*™ own
tho means of production which now
they merely opcrnto—wben "The Nation Owns the Tnists."
As a general' rule there are no men
more earnest than Socialists,., henc<3
lLey may at times he excusable should
they in propaganda heat be too dogmatic, or overstep the line of propriety, yet a wise Socialist who works
for results should be careful to make
no statement that would have a tendency to alienate those from the cau-se
ht desires to win them for.
One of the greatest blunders made
within the Socialist ranks today is
their illogical and tactless attack upon
religion, made sometimes by those
who claim to speak with authority.
Moses Baritz, leader of the S. P. C.
for Ontario, writing to the Toronto
"Globe" a short time ago says ,that
"Socialism is founded upon a science,
and as such is opposed to ail religions." He also states that "Religion
is a product of a given social condition, and asserts that a Christian cannot be a Socialist." and even goes so
far as to say "As Socialists we are
the avowed enemies of Christianity."
This short article neither .presumes
tc solve this problem, nor to criticize
a Socialist for holding Llie views of
Moses Baritz, but to make a complete
negation of all religions an essential
condition to becoming a Socialist, and
the effects of such a principle upon
the modern mind, aro questions upon
which something might be said to
good advantage.
Although the view that religion is
the product of,, given social conditions
may be open to serious question, let it
be accepted, and see if the logical outcome be that Socialists become avowed enemies of religion.
If religion is produced by conditions, what is to be gained by fighting
religion? Surely this would be as
profitless as beating thc air, for it is
obvious that religion must be while
we have "given social conditions." To
be logical thon the Socialist who holds
this view can well afford Lo keep perfectly quiet on the subject of religion,
for if the principles postulated be correct, his duty is to remove "given conditions, and religion will cease to be."
The Socialist who arrives at the conclusion to fight' religion from the hypothesis that religion is produced by
economics is not only llogical, but is
amazingly inconsistent. The modern
church is laughed at (and rightly so
perhaps) when she advocates soup
kitchens, prohibition or any like reforms as a means of solving the un-
the former is not only illogical.' and
inconsistent but raises a question entirely irrevelant to the great main
issue. Thus the attention is diverted
from the great important question of
making the proletariat feel that they
are being exploited, and that within
their own hands lies the power to free
In' addition to this the. intolerance
on the part of the Socialist is deeply
resented by the religious, hence, every
avenue of approach is sealed against
the- possibility of accepting teaching
that is going to deprive them of deep
rooted ideas, which to them are of infinite importance. Obviously nothing
can be gained by this mode of procedure, rather a great deal is lost.
Socialists must make Socialists out of
the material to -handl and must be
careful not to make the blunder of
thinking that they must make the
material also. Whether religion and
Socialism be compatible or not, we
must make Socialists out of religious
people, and the best way to accomplish this is certainly not by insulting
them, demanding a surrender o1? their
dearest thoughts, but rather by finding that common principle upon wliich
all agree, namely love of justice, and
from there to make the appeal.
Similarly, Socialists, mbor unionists,
and social reformers, by their hairsplitting wranglings over non-essentials are delaying the reaping of the
fruit already ripe, each little faction
making the blunder of emphasising
the point of difference, rather than the
point of agreement, thereby becoming
each others' enemy; rather than join-
nig hands ,in the fight against the enemy that is common.
It matters little so far as Socialism is concerned whether men worship
Buddha, Mohammed, or Christ, or
whether they call themselves labor
men, social reformers, or Socialists of
the various types, so long as there be
that one cementing, unifying principle,
love of justice. With this as their object they should work hand in hand,
passing no opportunity of tak'ng as
much justice as can be secured while
the fight still goes on until justice, in
so far as is practicable, has been fully
realized. W. IRVINE.
Zam-Bnk Will Slake it " Peachy"
Every girl likes a good complexion.
Use of Zam-Buk ensures one!   If you -
have pimples or rough, and    sallow
patches on your face or any part of
your skin just try it
Think what your skin has had to go
through during the winter just past.
You havo been out In rain and sleet
and snow. You have been at one moment perspiring from skating, or some
other exertion. Then you have stood
to "cool off." You nave spent hours
indoors at a temperature equal to
summer heat. Then you have covered
up your skin except your face and gono
out into a temperature away below
zero! No wonder that with all these
changes the skin of the face and neck
■hows signs of needing attention.
Zam-Buk is a skin food. Don't forget that the Bkln has to do work just
as,any other organ of your body has,
and if you overwork it, it gives out,
Zam-Buk is the remedy. Smear it
lightly over the spots, the eruptions,
tho sallow patches, at night, and note
bow quickly your appearance Improves.
As tbe rich, refined, herbal essences
sink deep into the tissue, the hard
scurvy-like patches are removed. Tho
cuticle is softened. The cells beneath
are stimulated to healthy operation.
The pores resume their work properly.
Better color results. The cells of
the skin are purified by Zam-Buk,
become transparent, the blood beneath
is able to impart its proper coloring
to the tissue, and the delicate "peach
bloom" of health replaces tho sallow-
ness and pallor of disease. A few days'
uso of Zam-Buk will be found to give
this result.   Use also Zam-Buk soap.
Zam-Buk and Zam-Buk Soap are obtainable from all druggists and stores,'.
er by mail from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.
are also effects ^of economic causes,
but Socialists shall be guilty of the
same folly if they spend energy fighting religion, which, according to the
given definition is but a mere symptom of an organic disease
Men are always ready to seek the
liest, and to follow the greatest, just
as soon as they are convinced as to
what Is- best, and who is greatest. Tlie
only rational way is to present tho
greater truth not with the idea of
robbing them of something which
they already possess, but with the assurance that all that was good In the
old will be found in tho now in greater
nbundnnce. Ixjt the teaching of Socialism win men away from their
cramped notions of economies, and
their superstitious bollofs, ns naturally as a child grows too big for baby
clothes, or as the fully developed mnn
puts away the practices of childhood.
In connection with- this subject a
Socialist should always bo nblo to dis-
corn between religion, and the organizations - representing them. It
mny be safe, to say tliat religion is
always greater than tbe organization
repvpi-enlliig It; the Ideal, Is greater
than tho nbllity to roach It; Christ Is
greater than tho modern, mediaeval,
o" ..(indent church. If the church'
which should roprosont Christianity,
has becomo a class organization tho
working class cannot bo blamed for
growing Indignant, but if In the
church nn honest hearted laborer
should feol moro respect for'"Jesus,
than ho does for Marx would it follow
that ho should bo debarred from vot-
Ing,for the abolition of wage sluvory,
or would this fact prevent him from
onjoylng the full value of what ho
produces If .hn ovor gets tbo oppor-
aunlty to do ho? Whot lit tlio mattor
with n man taking bis otblcn from
.Tubus, nnd economy from Mnrx? If
onch could thus ho studied In his own
spliero a groat deal of unnocbsHiiry
friction would bo uvoldod,
Tho Socialist who raises Iho quostlon of religion In 'connection with
Boclnllsm ns a political sclonco, making tho neenptnnco of tho latter do^
pond upon tho comploto rejection of
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and-in a portion of
the Province o£ British Columbia, may
be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental oCSl an acre.
No Cinore'tiran- 2;3li 0~auresrw ii_be~i"Case"a"
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or .Sub-Agent of the district in
which lli- rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
ili-sici'ilH'ii by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
13ach apllcation must be accompanied
by a fee of $G which will be refunded if
the rights applied for'are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on tho merchantable output of thc
mino nt the rate of five cents por ton,
The porson operating tho mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon. Tf the coal mining
rights aro not bolng operated, such
returns Hhould be furnished at least
onco a year.
Tho loniio will include tho coal mislng
rights only, but tlio lessee may be permit! od to purchase whatever available
Riirfaee rights may be considered necessary for tho working of tho mine
at the. rato of $10,00 an acre, ,
For full Information , application
should be made to the Secretary of tho
Dopnrtmont of tho Intorlor, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agont of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Cory.
Deputy Minister of tho rniorl<>:\
N.B—Unauthorized publication or this
Rdvertlsomont. will not bo paid tt*r.
Planning Your
••"p HE young man who ex-
•*■ pects to make a success of his business life
must save a part of his
1,'he'owner of a'bank account is looked up to and
respected by his fellow
men, and is also in a position to grasp many opportunities that aro denied to
the man who has nothing.
Acquire the saving habit
and you lmvo taken tbo
first step toward future
success. You can open up
nn account in this bank
with ono dollar, and Interest at tho highest current
rato will bo credited ovory
six months,
Over McLean's Drug Store
Our now Suitings aro horo. Splendid wearers,
handsome tweods and worsteds, Drop In and Inspect thorn.
Latest Now York and Paris Stylos
Genuine French System of Dry Cleanlna
Ladies' Fancy Garments a Specialty.   Feathers,
Furs, Gloves, LndloB1 or Men's Hats cloiuiod or
dyod and blocked, any stylo,
At ronsonablo prlcos.
Out-of-town work attended to promptly
Billiard and
Fool Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
J. G$$ham, ?™&.
woro the FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
Bocaueothoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
fi     ElHlffl __**—t
Buy them all tho timo at
£%_ ^m Bm^J ^^^ fftt? ftff  Mm    B
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
..y\. A 7
Professional Mid-Wife
When in Spokane see Dr. Mary
Swartz, Specialist in Female Troubles.
Expert confinement cases; good
aome for patients.'
Di. Mary Swartz
Galena Blk., Room 5, Post and Riverside, Spokane, Wash.
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Beware of
Sold on the
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Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French regulator; never falls. These
pills are exceedingly powerful in regulating the
generative portion of tlie female system. Refuse
<U1 cheap imitations. Dr. iio Van's are sold at
*5 a box, or three for IIO. Mailed to any address.
Th* Scobell Drug Co., Bt. Catharine*, Ont.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Monk tlmt tasto liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jot. Grafton, Proprietor.
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House
in the Pass
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdrasstng Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter
Ben Wallace  -   Mgr,
Liquor Co,
"Wholosalo Doalors in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
For our Foreign Brothers
Our foreign matter was among the "missing"
Decision in Pocupirie
Miners' Strike Case
(In the Fifth Division Court of
(the District of Sudbury.)
Rex vs" Wm. Holowaskawe
(Mr. A  Slaght for Appellant) ■
(Mr. T. C Robinettej K.C., and
(John Godfrey for Respondent.)
This is an appeal from the conviction made by Mr Thomas Torrance,
Police Magistrate, on tho*21st. January, 1913, under which defendant was
convicted under section CO of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act,"
1907, and being Chapter 20 of 6-7 Edward VII. for inciting to striKe contrary to the provisions of the Act. By
this is meant according to section 56
a strike which is unlawful by reason
of an employee going on strike "on
account of any dispute prior to or'
during a reference of such dispute to
a Board of Conciliation and Investigation under the provisions of thc Act.
There is a lengthy clause section 2
sub-section B, which defines the meaning of the word "dispute" the effect
of which is that it means "any dis-'
pute or difference between an employer and one or more or his employees"
as to certain things therein generally
stated or to any other things therein
specifically mentioned, such as wages,
hours of employment, materials supplied and alleged to be bad, unfit or
unsuitable, established custom or usage, interpretation of agreement, and
other matters.
It was not proved before me, nor
was it necessary to prove that there
was any reference to a Board of Conciliation or that there was any request for the same, Rex vs. McGuire,
160.L. R.522.
The evidence showed that the first
sign of dispute was the strike itself,
or rather the inciting by the defendant of the strikers. The strike followed the inciting. As the prosecutor stated the strike came to him with
so much surprise that it was like a
thunder clap. It appears that there
was no demand for increased wages,
shorter hours of labor, or anything of
any .kind until the defendant called
upon the men to strike. This was
There cannot be a dispute or difference unless there are two parties who
dispute or differ with one another. It
may be and without doubt must have
been the case here that the strike
,was preconcerted among the men,
though there'is no evidence that this
was so. But stating it as strongly for
the prosecution as possible and allow
ing that the strike was the result of
a previous understanding among the
men, still matters did not reach a
stage where there was a demand by
the men for better terms and a refusal
by the employer.the Hollinger Mines
company, of what the men asked.
When such a demand and a refusal
were not made can it be said that
there was any "dispute" until tho
strike itself created the dispute? If
the answer be that there was no dispute until the strike itself then will
come the necessity of answering
another question. Did the nien
go on strike "on account of any
dispute," to quote the words of section 56?
In my opinion the defendant is not
brought within the Act us an offender
under sections 56 and 61 for the reason that the strike was not on account of a dispute. To hold otherwise
would be to eliminate the words "on
account of any dispute" from section
5C. If these five words were not in
the section then it would be clear
that the defendant, by his inciting,
was guilty of an offense.
The Act; when framed, might have'
been so framed with or without these
words. One cannot assume that they
were placed in the section without
it being intended that they were to
have a meaning and perhaps were intended for a purpose. Possibly it
was considered" that when a strike
comes like a bolt' out of the blue instead of like a storm of which there
is premonition there is not the danger to the peace of the community
that would be endangered by the antecedent  mutterings.
Another consideration is that penal
statutes must receive a strict construction.
The conviction is quashed with
costs to be paid by the prosecutor to
the defendant, which costs I fix at
Rex vs. Croft
The  reasons  in  the  Holowaskawe
case apply in this case with costs to
be paid by the prosecutor to the defendant which costs I fix at $50.00.
Rex vs. Peter Cleary
There is a difference in the circumstances of this case from those in
the Holowaskawe case. The inciting
was done after the strike had started.
"I—confirm-th~e^convictioh1 TKe~cost
of the appeal which I fix at $50.00 are
to be paid by the defendant to the
March  31st,  1913.
(Signed)   J. J. KEHOK.
•1. a duplicate of a copy certified by G. A. D. Murray, clerk of the
court, April 9th, 1913.
The Fear of
Bankhead..  P. Wheatley, Bankhend, ASta.
Heaver Creek  D. Komp, Heaver Crook, via Plnehor.
Bellevue  James Burke, Box 38, BoIIovuo Alta.
Blairmore  W. L, Evans, Blairmore, Alta.
Burmja........ ,. J, Derbyshire, Burmis, Alia.
Carbondale  J. Mitchell, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
Canmoro  N. T), Thnchuk, Canmore, Alta.
Coleriian  W, Ora liam, Coloraan,,Alta. |
Corbin  J. Jonos. Corbin, B.C.
Chinook Minos  W, II. Hughes, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt.
Diamond City J, B. Thomhtll, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
Fernie.,,...........,, Thot. Uphill, Fornlo, B. C.
Frank  Evan Morsan, Frank, Alta.
Hosmer .............. W. Balderstone, Hoimer, B. C,
Hlllciuiii  Jan. Gordon, Hllkveat. Alia,
Lethbridte  L, Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. Lethbridge.
Lehbrldge Collieries.. Frank Barrlngbam, Coattaurat, Alta.
Maple Leaf  John T. Wllllami, Maple Leaf. Bellevue, Alta.
Michel  M. Barrell, Michel, B. C,
Monarch Mine........ Wn. Hyud, EJcan P. 0., Taber, Alta.
Paqibnrc ,  A. Zu&Iwr, Piuatmrg, Alta.
Royal VJ«w  Ow. Jo dan, Royal Collieries Ixtfcbrldf e, Alt*
Taber., ,,,,„,« A Pattenon, Taber, Alta
Majorities are not always tyrannical; minorities nre not always right.
But It is In tho feir of the will of tho
majority prevailing that mest of tho
opposition to political aaMon is fcur.d-
ed. Probably the non-polltlcallsts do
not know what the majority; Intend
doing, nor do thoy caro, Thoy are
opposed to It.
In thoir opposition to political action they have the enthusiastic support of those who use politics to. their
own immense advancement, But
such politics Is unclean, slimy with
graft, based on Injustice, cruol and selfish; and becnuso the politics of tho
dominant class Is admittedly so, tho
non-polltlcallsts oppose nil political action. Having docldod against politics
thoy organlzo and work against politics, or, In other words, ubo politics
to dofoat political action,
No mattor what tho Socialists do,
no mattor what claims thoy advance,
thoy aro mot by tlio old familiar cry,
"Ah, but wait until you not office,
you'll bo an bad ns tlio rest,"
Wo certainly shall bo as relentless
ns tlio rest. We Intend1 to uso nubile
office for class advantages. No party
that ovor got powor, no party that
ovor will got powor, has boon nblo to
accomplish anything without working
faithfully nnd tlroloBsly for tho bone-
fit of the class from which It sprang,
Alt'tho sins of tho Republican nnd
Democratic machines nro ovldont! all
tho crimes of Individual momhors aro
undonlabla, Yot tlio efficacy of those
machines In promoting class welfare
could bo soon oven by nn opponent of
J/oiUifcrti ttCiiOUi     1UU  iiUIIUUUllM tlill*}
looted, -jrraTUA'wiU'J'tcd-; l>ul Ihv mi-'l
tnllst class has not grown any tho
poorer thereby. Legislation ba» boon
bought and sold; but tho working class
has nover been tho buyer—It has nl-
iri|'; ...;*.,i *,>•.•; *uc*Uiu. wc^tiAvaiA
have been delivered In groups to the
highest bidder; but the bidders have
always been of ono class, tho capitalist class.
Tho crlmo and corruption that exist in politics are vast. Yet it !■ picayune compared with those which ex-
1st in Industry. Political corruption
and graft are wast* duo to lax methods; therefore the reformer* seek to
eliminate them, However, the reformers do not seek to eliminate the
results which the capitalist class now
obtain through the medium of graft
and coruptlon.
Good and Faithful Servants
Politicians may lmvo stolon, Thoy
havo never betrayed the capitalist
class. It would do them no good If
they did. The ablost politician might
expose all the corruption with which
ho wns acquainted, might toll to tlio
robbod class tho means whereby thoy
were robbod. It would do no good.
Tho robbed class, tho working- class,
aro not yet In a position to stop tho
The material objoct of capitalist politics Is tho unimpeded fleecing of tho
working class.
„Tho material object of tlio Socialist
politics is tlio expropriation of the
capitalist class; tho roHtoratlon to society of all the social machinery; tlio
Insuring to nil producers of what thoy
In furtherance'Of thi) wolf aro of the
capitalist class, tlio ..legislative IioiIIch
have stondlly, porslslmilty and usually cunningly dovlsod laws for tho
protection of property. As tho "masses of property lmvo grown larger nnd
tliolr control has eoncontrntod In fewer hands, thoro necessarily has been
great hardship dono to smnllor or former property owners, Tho legislators
still acting for property, hnvo passed
anti-trust, nntl-comblnntlon, anti-monopoly nnd othor bills In tho endeavor
to prevent ono or nnothor group of
capitalists from taking too much. But
In all tho farcical busting or tho trusts,
tn ill tht* d!p-?c!ut!cr, su!1.;:, !,„:»
boon absolutely'no rttcivt* to tMtn property nwny from thn capitalist class.
Tho dlvldonds of the shattered trusts
Bhow how effective they havo continued to bo In splto of court pro-
No depravity, no personal buslnoss
leads a man to graft. He If educnted
to It. Uo is taught It In hie school
books; ho loams more In tho offlc
or tho shop. The lessons of buslnos*
and politics are that you should, tin
na Individual, acquire aa much wealth
as you can. In capitalistic politico
money can be made only when faithful service Is rendered to thi class
that has cent roi of Industry. While
they may implore graftlnc and look
upon It as Immoral and unethical, they
onUvif utmi tmatn*. atxtta «ot4». md tiiaW
Va* ihnat ani tunc*.      u       i     sa cnti.
million dollars, more or less, stolen
does not matter much. Graft is only
the crumbs that' fall from the table
of the modern state, or the trifling
handout to faithful servants.
The Socialist Idea
Socialists are bent on using political
office to the limit, for the benefit of
the working class. Will
wise, graft? Some individual may;
many, even, may. But to do it successfully they have to jump, and jump
quickly, from their pretense of bein?
servants of the working class to being
actual lackeys of the capitalist class.
It. is this posibility that sets the non-
political actionist to crying, "You will
do like the rest." And that cry gets
a ready echo from the capitalist, "Yes,'
ihey will be like the rest." Certainly,
if the working class have not the intelligence to understand what they
want, they could elect officials from
President down and still be kept in as
abject slavery as they now are. Belief that the working class do not possess sufficient intelligence to make
their public servants do what they
should is the real source of opposition to working class political action
on the part of those who are so lust-
il> touting for direct action, for something right inw. They cannot see
how a piece of .paper dropped in a box
will do ur.ything; they profess to see
how a brick heaved at a policeman or
a capitalist will accomplish much.
The workers have not tiie intelligence
necessary to back up their ballot. They
have the intelligence to back up their
This contempt of working class intelligence, in the case of the capitalist
is mixed up with the fear that the
workers wil become intelligent. Hence,
comes the care with wliich the ballot
is restricted. It is due to this that
difficulties are placed in the way of
naturalization, that those who must
wander the country over are disfranchised, and that the process of voting
is hedged in with such care. It will
be noted that while thc capitalist class
care little about the spread of contagious diseases, the prevalence of tuberculosis and so on, and while they fight
with all their power against appropriating money to fight these diseases,
there is no limit to which they will
not appropriate money to keep the
custody of the elections in their own
hands. They even punish rather severely stuffing ballot boxes and repeating when it is aquestion of stealing an eletion from one another. But
have you noticed any concern for the
sanctity of the ballot when workers
are robbed wholesale of their right to
vote? Xo, and you will not. - The
politics are wiser in their generation
than the non-political actionists, tho'
both work to the same end.
When the Trouble Begins
Voting is only the start. The limited intelligence of the anti-politics
crowd makes it not only the beginning
but the end. In the same way the
throwing of a brick Is taken as a satisfactory bit of personal reprisal. Its
sequel ls blissfully Ignored. That
workers are often driven to desperation and have to strike back Is recognized by every Socialist. That many
of the acts of so-called violence on thc
part of the workers are merely acts of
self-defense is likewise recognized.
But we also recognize that acts of reprisal breed disorganization and speedily cause victimization. In order to
accomplish anything by forco you
must organize, drill and arouse your
nrmy, It Is far harder to do that than
It Is to drill your forces through political action. Thoro Is no dodging the
fact that In a crlslB there may bo tho
need of using force. But In such on
Instance you have your organization
with which to make your forco effective:'
Socialists aro ridiculed for thinking
that workers, ordinary workers, can
accomplish anything In politics, So
fnr thoso who vote tho ticket are comparatively fow In number. But wo
caro for the rldlculo of the capitalists
ns.llttlo ns wo enro for tho drivel of
tho antl-polltlnnl actionlst. Every
sound Incroaso In tlio organized Soclnllst body means an Increase ln tho
posslblo fighting forcn.
A Peaceful or a Violent Revolution
»Vo do not know which It will he.
,Vo nro propnrlng for either. The revolution 'whoroby this country Hopnrnt-
oil from Mnglnnil anil tho one whowhy
chattel slavery wiih abolished woro
violent and bloody. The one whereby
tho workers woro dnprlvod of thrilr In-
dependent skill, and wens tukon from
solltnry labor, or labor In very hiiuiII
concerns, nnd horded ns pnrls of machines In hugo eHtnbllHlimonls; tho revolution whoroby tho land wns taken
from tho stato and mndo-tho prlvato
property of the Individual capitalists;
the revolution which tore tho woman
from the homo and made her a competitor with the men In tho labor market, were, on tlio wholo, peaceful.
Thoro woro clnshos and bloodshed,
and the strikes which mark thoso rev-
u.'uiioun titim <t tug imt of timid, mutilated or Imprisoned, But they were
not mado noteworthy by huge bodies
of armed men struggling uu tlio battlefield.   Ynt they worn In effect rovolu-
A political body which has for Its
fundamental principle the Idea of taking from the capitalist dass the control of tbo soclnii means of production
and distribution cannot bo otherwise
than revolutionary. A woh of mnn,
destroying property and liclnu batter-
tut. hy th* polio* or unfit fawn hy ttin
milJtla, aro a menace to certain property. They are not a menace to th«
ownership of property u*ed tn exploitation. Those aame men, orjsanttfid
in the Socialist party and in "Mr
trade union*, *ntt wnrlrlfit*- fnr th** rem*
dow, cripple a machine, or tear up a
single track. They are, however, a
menace to the individual control of the
property that is now used in exploitation. The first body is rebellious,
but it is not constructively revolutionary. The second is bent upon revolution, and force cannot prevent it from
they,  like- accomplishing its object
Those  Absolute   Majorities
Socialists hold that the intelligence
of the working class is sufficient to
accomplish the revolution. It needs
only to be organized. The maintenance of any industrial system is dependent on the governnent It wo'ild
he absurd to imagine that w; intend
to revolutionize the ownership of industry and merely patch up and "purify" the State.. It is equally absurd to
imagine that we can seize industry
without seizing the Slate But tne
anti-political actionists, obsessed with
the idiotic theory that the workers
possess strength but not brain, ihiit.
tho strength, craftily directed by the
"intelligent minority," inn accomplish
what the workers without their divide
leadership would nelthe. desire nc.
understand, have the intent of takin3
the Industries one by one or :;s a whole
and abolishing tlio State. There
would still bc the intelligent mino.a,-..
aiwrjs on the job of teli ig he n>a.-:f
what should he done. But there wo'ild
be no politics ancl no policies.
Of the courage of the workers, and
of the necessity of a working chus
revolution, there can be no doubt.
There is no doubt in the minds either
of those opposed to or in favor of
political action. But because the
workers have so far been unrepresented, because the working cla?s
have never possessed power nnd all
the time have been the creative class
in society, the antis insist they do
not need the power.* Yet it is rh,->
exercise of this power thnt has been
the most effective means of kcepin.;
them in subjection. It Is tho power
that has aborted their uprisings, -.-rush-
ed their little armies and stifled their
scattered rebellions. It is the power
to'organize the force of socUty, the
most effective power. It. is th.'j power
the capitalists' cling to .is madly ns
they cling to their wealth, ior they
know it protects them in the possession of that wealth. Yet the antis, tho'
in some instances advocating the expropriation of the capitalist class, are
utterly blind as to the means whereby
the capitalists fortify themselves in
the possession of their wealth.
We Socialists, like all other Americans, assert and will use our constitutional rights to assemble, to discuss
our affairs, to organize, and to bear
arms.   In these matters  we have to
Th"e goal of success. Dr. Metzgrer's
Vitallzer Battery—that most phenomenal
Invention of the age—absolutely restores
life, strength, zeal, energy and activity
to weak, tired, run down or nervous systems. Hundreds of men throughout this
country ami the United States willingly
and eagerlv attest to Its marvellous c9.-a-
tive powers. Wonderfully effective in the
most extreme cases of rheumatism, sciatica, uv.-ik backs, stomach or kidney
trouble, varicocele, etc. Absolutely the
only Body Jiattery made tliat will give
results, Xo charging with vinegar or
acid required. Sold at a low price without uny additional charge for useltss,
fancy books.
Hooklet containing full particulars
mailed trie under sealed cover.
The Metzger Vitalizer
Battery Co.
Dept. C.
David   Building,   326   Eighth   Ave.   Ea»x,
Off!c«  hours  10-12, 2-5, 7-R daily.       ■
Hixon   &
Tinsmiths and
Tel. 153       P. O. 1063
Fernie, B.C.
adapt ourselves to actual social conditions. We do not appeal tb arms or
force to overthrow, capitalism. But
we are going to overthrow it. Naturally, we shall resist rorce, and1 it is
for .that resistance that we organlzo
t'e believe that tlie greatest part, if
Aot all, of our task can be accomplished peacefully through political and
economic organization and action. We
know that it is only through sucn organization that we can build up and
train the army of workers necessary
Intelligently to vote and atrlke-and,
should the unhappy crisis come, check
those who would block the will of inv
people.—New York Call.
The Building Used at Night for Mate
ing Spurious Money
A remarkable story of tho manutao-
turo of spurlouB money comes from
Austria. The educational nuthcrltioi
had been advised that a vlllago Biiiool*
houso needed repairing, and a commission arrived urioxpectedly to examine
tho'building. During the eourso of tha
Inspection In one of tho class-rooms s
strnngo looking apparatus was found,
which proved to ho a proas for the
manufacture of bank-notes, Ftirthoj
icnrchcs revealed a small closet which
had been turned .Into a regular mint,
tnd there were bagfuls of ready-mod a
Bllvor nnd copper coins, It npp.:'nr»
Mint tlio BchoolhouBo, where principle*
of morality wero Inculcated Into tlie
vlllago youth by day, was employed
it night by many of their parents tc
make their fortunes on somewhat different lliioB. Sovernl prominent rest
lenta have been arrested.
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
ii *
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwooa Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
THIS unique medicine for throit and chest tllmeoti'
merits a place in every home,   Hy nlmply dliiolvlnf a
pleawnt tablet wi Ute l&ri(jue, J'epk convey a potent »nd vilu*bl»
medicine direct Into the throat, lung* »ml bror»ehl»l lubei | • medicine which Invigorate* the we»keneito;-K«in, looihei InfUmmetion
•nd Irrluilon, looienn phlegm, deitroyi dlieiie (irm«, turei
chronic dltetie, and makes breathing deep and eaiy. Free from
tit harmful drugs, Peps suit young and old alike.
Tht tmly bmlhln) euo/iir ttualn.tiolili, nn tkrtat.kraaiMii. ui*,*iifiJ,iutitfnt* eildi,
**i*tim threat en* chut ulnnit. Ht nrt vaatttlkt **m*-r,s*-*i mm lm.
nevertheless secretly permit It to iro
on, for the muni* tti*f receive from iroi of the meant of a iiv«ithoo<l. *r*
the combination of politic* nnd buill
ness are so larsc thai a few Uundretl
not a menace to any gtvnn pii-<*'1 of
property.  Tbey may not brpak a win-
the Best of
Fine Nuelcwmtr, Sox, Caps*, Utulerwcar, Shirts, *it\\t%
Trunk*, (trips, Hoofs A' Sliof's-, ctnnc lo
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything .soM with a guutanttii that if nut »»atU-
fnotnry, you cnn return it get your money back *"•»-— * *= rv<.t,-, >-. -."-WW-* u...*^*si-*»sJ^*,*sj^.^_A..-*i.a^i. tret-. A-j-Ji.^^
Price Demonstration
The TRITES-WOOD CO., Ltd., will give a Price Demonstration Sale on Saturday and
Monday, April 19th and 21st. Many specials are featured throughout the store and every department throughout the store is featuring the best possible values on Saturday that the best
markets can produce. Prices and values that offer most important savings to every thrifty
man and woman in the city.    In our Men's department the price cutting is very prominent.
Note the following money saving specials:
Ladies Man-
Suits at
$25.00 Each
Never before have we shown such
unlimited variety of styles and patterns at one price.
These are suits here for every occasion.
The styles are the most wanted
and the materials the newest;
Come Saturday, inspect this line
and be convinced of the exceptional
Ladies' and Misses Spring Coats
All the new styles in silk and wool. The new long cutaway in
tweed and whipcords in tan, grey, etc. Coats for misses in !>oth
blazer and long.   Priced from
$7.00 to $20.00
Ladies Summer Cotton Vests
Extra quality in fine evenly woven vests made with short sleeves
or sleeveless, finished with ribbon trimmings.
Saturday Special 15 cents each
Pillow Cases and Sheets
Pillow Cases mado of fine evenly woven cotton, frco from dressing.   Finished with deep hem.   Size 36x40.
Saturday Special 15 cents each
Jlommetl .Sheets, (58x80,   Made of good heavy cotton.
Saturday Special $1,50 per pair
Dress Ginghams and Chambrays
New line of Dress Ginghams and Chambrays in all colors, They
aro plain, Griped, and (.'becked, 27'inulios wide, and fast colors,
Saturday Special 15 cents yard or 7 yards for $1,00
Ladies1 and
Misses New
Spring Suits
Saturday at
Tlio materials nre worsteds, whip-
:. <:(H'il,i Iwoo'ds,   KOl'gOH   lUiir pi'AlllulIuK,
Tho ty'lus ave straight front mul
oulnwnv effects -willi sonii-fitliug
Tint skirts nro made with high anil
low waist lino in pin in ami sido
pleats, ,,.
Tlie linings nro"«ilk nnd satin serf,'-
Tint sizes nre from 10 lo !ls.
Spec ial Satu rday a I
Turkish Towels
Extra heavy weight, in grey and white Turkish Towels.   Size
21 x42 inches.   Finished with fringed ends.
Saturday Special 50 cents per pair
Spool Cotton
A real 6-cord spool cotton, smooth finish and full 200 yards on spool.
. Saturday Special 3 Spools for 10 cents
Mens Hats
We carry all shades in John B.
Stetson Hats in the 1913 finishes.
Get one of these to match your suit.
Fine quality English stiff Hats in
black only on the new 1913 blocks.
This hat is a favorite with all careful dressers.
English soft felt Hats colored or black always in stock.     All
sizes 6 5-8 to 7 1-2.   Priced at $1.50; 2.50, 3.00, and 3.50
Mens Caps
We are exclusive agents for the famous Eastesn brand Caps for
men_andJ)oys Thesp._are_made-Jron^iine-t-W.e"eds._serge.s,_silks,_and_
Avorsteds, either lined with satin or taped seams, unbreakable peak?. •
See our range, it is immense.   All sizes 6 5-8 to 7 1-2.
We carry all styles golf, motor, English golf, and .yachting caps.
Children's Hats
In this department, we are right up to the minute. We have a
complete stock of the latest novelties for children's wear direct from
New York.
Child's Felts, round crush styles in brown, navy greon, and
scarlet, special at 65 cents
Child's Felt Fez in red, brown, and blue.   Special at .. .85.cents
Child's Caps in felt, velvet, melton, serges, cotton, tweed and
leather.   Every shade, scarlet, green, brown, navy, grey., ,25c to 65c
Child's cloth Caps, leather trimmed.   All shades ancl styles.
50c to 75c each.
Mens Belts and Suspenders
Men's Bolts in genuine sea lion at
$1.50 to 2.50 each
Men's Belts in real Morocco loath-
or at ,"',', $2.00 each
Men's Bells in genuine leather in tan, brown, black, and grey, in all
sines from 112 to 46, al 35o, 50c, 65c, 75c, $1.00 to 1.50 each
.   Wo carry a full line of Men's and Boys' Suspenders.   All tho
best makes aro horo.   Priced from lOo to $1.25 pair
Pay Day Specials in Our Grocery Dept.
Tuxedo Bilking Powder, If! O'A.,.
Scrub Brushes, cadi	
Fresh New Zealand Creamery Butter, per lb
Krinklo's Corn Flukes, 4 pkgs	
Quaker Oats, 5 lb. pkg. with china	
Cumulii First Uroam, family sizo	
Braid's Best; Coffee, fresh ground, 2 lbs..
Jjownoy's Cocoa, por lb	
Bird's Custard Powdor, 2 tins.
Bird's Egg Powdor, 2 tins	
Sherriff's Jolly Powder, 4< pkgs. for
Lombard Plums, 2 tins	
Golden Dates, 2 llm,,.,..,,	
('.vanborrios, 1  lb,........
King Kdward Sardines, per tin.
Hlum'ilTs Grape Juioo, per quart..,.,.
Ontario Houoy, 5 lb, tins, ouch,	
"Upton .Tnm, 5 Ib. pails, each.......
■■Ci'ohHo & Jlladnvoll'h Jam, 4 lb. tins...,.
Armours Banquet Bacon, per pound	
BliorrilT'H Marmalade, 4 lb, tins	
•ft       .   r*'l        i    •*> f    I    1 O    .  V .'*■*
ivuiu >,i|ii;hi  .ii.iUiiu, .i iii*n*>	
r<,.„v,r. fr IVh^woll':. "Mkod PloWw»'.'9.0 07.,
t   (   i   l   »   t   t   i   *   *   t   *   *   •   *   *   *   *   •   »
.10 &
I I * * I I I « • • I I t t * • • » » • • ■ ■ ' ■ *
, , , I • I t , • t I I • » » • • * * * * *
I f t f • I « * I
' f # » t » •
I f f • f • » »tf I I « » I • •
' » I t *  I •
t f t I t • »
I t I ■ * * <
lloliix' Bi'im's. small sizo	
White Swan Laundry Sonp, fi bars..,.
Toilol Soup, regular llfm and 40o, oaoh
.Assorted Toilet, Snap, (I bars,..
f   ,,.,  CJi *•... -1;    J   -J1,;'-*;., ,    , , ,	
' Tftfiny's Bulk tVi^ No. 8, per lb	
Totioy's Bulk Tea, No.. 19, II lbs.
Talcum Powdor, por tin	
Canuod Corn, !l tins..	
Okanngon Potatoes, per 100 lbs.
Hnlbronk's Mara fat; Pons, por pkg
Washington Driod Onions, 8 lbs..
1 ♦ t 1 « » • 1
• •  t *   !   •  *  1
f  t   1  *   t  •   t  t  *  *  t t  t  * •
t   «  1   ? *   f   1   t   »  *
*   1   f  t   »   1  t  » • -1  '
Just opened a shipment of English *
worsted and tweed Suits. This is
the finest range of cloths and colors
we have ever yet shown. We guarantee every suit to retain its shape
and color. We have all sizes in stock,
from 34 chest to 46 chest. These
suits are good value at $20.00 and
will be offered Saturday as a money-
saving special'at $15.00. If you
need a suit don't let this pass with-''
out taking a look at them.
Special at
Men's and Boy's Summer Sweaters
This is a line in great demand during the warm weather. Our
stock is complete now,in all colors and sizes in Dr.' Jaeger's cashmere
sweaters.   Priced from .: -A. $1.10 to 2.50
Men's Coat Sweaters in the fine worsted made by the Stanficld
company. This is a' guaranteed sweater and will giv.e -ssatisfaction.,
Colors grey, navy, maroon, green, and black.   Priced from
$2.25 to 3.50
Mens Work Gloves
These nre mndo for mon who work. Thoy arc strong and-yet-
soft and pliable. Made from tho best No; 1 horsehide, pigskin, reindeer buck, calfskin, and sheepskin. men's sizeg from 8 1-2
to 11 1-2.   Priced from 50c to $1,50 per pair
Gauntlets in same stock priced from 60c to $2.00 per pair
Mens Fine-Grade Gloves
Mon's fino silk-lined and unlined Gloves in grey and tan, mocha
and tan, and black kid.   Priced from $1.25 to 3.50 per pair
Boys and Girls9 School Hose
They aro mado of extra strong yarn in 1-1 rib.
spliced heel and top, and absolutely fast black.
Saturday Special 20 cents per pair
Finished with
Footwear Bargains
To molco room for onr spring stock
of "Just Wright" Shoos, which will
arrive within tho noxt, wook, wn
havo picked out a number of odd
linos to soil at a price within anyone's limit. Theso arc tho very best
shoos in our stook but broken linos.
Comprises box onlf, velour en If, put-
■out.calf, viol kid, and kangaroo, Tlio
original prices woro from $5.50 "lo ■
i|i(!,f)0. Havo a look at theso. -Any
pair on tho table for
Wovkiiif Slmos for Mon.   IToavy split-louthot1 shoos for rough
work.   All sizos 11 to 10, '
SaturdayJpocial only $2,25 per pair
Try n pair of our Bod Moose at,.....,  .$3.75 por pair
'• Oiir 8-iiioh top Bed■ Moose blucher out nailed shoo gives absoliito,    l itvxi • • •        •w-vv i"-9 1/*-."
Theso nro hard to woar out,
Children's Bargain Tablo
Every odd lino in our stock of Children's Shoes nnd Strap Slip-
pors has boon thrown on this tabic and tho prioo bus boon fixed at
'jl.OO pev pair.' These nro somo bargains.
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
-   \
*' I***™-
K.V* -*
' r -,
I '
J n
I •■ -
j1 .,i *
•      _- > V -ft   -
Bifl> APBn. 20,1912. ,
Fruits df'Trade\p>
: Disputes' Act
■ -  ^ " , ■  : ■■""?,'
Lancashire Miners Driven From
Work—RemarkablexLaw Suit
.In the Lancashire Chancery Court;
at Manchester,, judgment -was given
recently in- an, important, case.affect-
1 ing trade union organization—Gaskell
and others y.-.the, Lancashire and'Che-'
shire Miners' Federatiori;,in;.which the.
■'  latter were successful! '
■ 4£is a singular .coincidence that this
case should-have (Softiie ori-.inthe mid-
' die of tlie coal'strike) An important
miners' organization' was sued on
grounds which, broadly speaking, rais-
,. ed some of tho) crucial problems of;
' the Trade ^Disputes 'Act',' 1906—an' Act
that lias added1 so much to the perils
" of the present crisis..,,_,-       .» :.
The plaintiffs,'tln-ce'mlri'ers, alleged
' that the Federation had coerced their
employers (Messrs Cross, \iVjtley and
Co.,' Bamfurlong, Wigaiij/i'nto Wrongfully dismissing them because they refused to join' the Federation.      nie
"       1 9 -   * ■»      ,  * ,* " *, I   -
,, coercion alleged, r3nvoJyed 'Jhe'.thteat
that the'colliery wduld'bo-stopped"by ,
the withdrawal of,all the union men
7(the vast majority). The point was
that such a - stoppage' might,"have
meant a  perrnanerit""stdppage  owing
. to. the expense'of restarting; and' in
"that "case the ^effectiveness ' of'" 'the
that" the Federation acted on the union men's initiative.
In the result, as we have said, ihe
Federation * were - successful^-at any
rate, iii the present stage. The Chancellor's deputy, who tried the case, decided, tliat the^Fbderatiori oficials/ nd
not used "threats" that the Federation,
.despite the political activities alleged
by the plaintiffs, is a trade union "wfth-
iu the'meaning of "the Trade Disputes,
Act, that there was a trade'dispute, as
defined in the Act, and that; therefore,
tho action could not be maintaino],
\ The action against • all v, the defendants was thus dismissed with cost's;1
stay of execution was granted as'to
ence iii this.proceeding was not truth-'
ful and sincere and-in' keeping with
the facts in the case.'...Lain' not willing to .'make any statement that/would
impugn my own testimony.-\ I ani not
wiiliiig by any device or subterfuge,toT
atempt to deceive, the court .'or secure
an acquittal by any other means.than,
of, theKeyiden'ce and- the t truthfulness
of my testimony;;. „ Indeed, I should
feel more ^contentment if convicted,1'
conscious of .the . rectitude of ,vmy
course "and the 'truthfulness of my evl-'
dene'e; than if acquitted on any other
ground thanjihe facts as theyhave been'
presented to the court and the law-as
it has heen enunciated .by the'.higher,,
tribunal. ' Yours' respectfully, John
Mitchell.". , '    '   J    :      ■';'•''.-
i-,     -     -,;■.„  ^ers snfop" cdmpiefei
i;WAN.TED—PIT) iioq« ■•»»*.> •" 'v*
*"c ' "*■ ">--' • rt- , iJvisS..-wIth papers
rt ^on^fqr;neV:r,ine-?^ood wages'g
2S fiS?' N^^ fullparticu."
lars to,Mr. Eaton  p <v-rw,»    •./,„■-
Calgary,-Alta.   yy\°' -Dra^:1,67^
WAGE KATES OF  '     ' "'• ;.
payment of.posts.—Daily Graphic,   -; [p^ mouth in China is. sold,at 35 cents
a ton.     The coal is transported from
'7   '     i -THROtlGH -SOUTH 'RUSSIA"
Latest Reports State 31,000,000 People
* Lack Fooa'-^- Appeal.l-ssiied,
_threat„is' easily "understood. v t '   -'.'
'"*,}' .^The .Federation,' It wa's'allege'd, had,
X towards the end of lmO/'started    a
„E.t-. jIvTiijr   iii-,. .jt.  . ' i a • ..-,t.   *.• . -,,
^campaign to get all, the ihen at the
" , Bamfiirfong fiolHery"irit*6,'tlie Fe'dera"-'
", „Jtion, and,suj;ceeQed, except in the case
."vof th'e plaintiffs:lB It* was as a result
"'', of*tHe plain'ti'frV''lobsti^acy''that -nes'
sure was. brought 'to'b'ear'iori the management;   and "the" plaintiffs  alleged
.'""'that "their sin \vaVaggravated"''in the
•    defendants' eyes Because - they   had
joined the Constitutional Labor TJnicin,
of which the" Federation' .wis Jbalo'iis,
,'and which'they meant't'o'"'sho'\v'6ut."
v_ Gaskell, ih particiilaf,'had'joinecP'this
body, because "he objected to the So-
. cialism of the Federation; '   / '   ' '.
The, plaintiffs ;'asked'the'Court; in
"thertfirst' place, for an'irijunction'
.restrain the defendants from any sort
of interference; at any time' with;-thelr
freedom of contract:—their freedom' to
• bestow their labor where, tfiey, willed:
'  For it was said-that the'Federation
had not   only   procured   the   men's
'   wrongful^dismissal,'but had'made it
iiYiT>/Mini Wi f^   fr\ **   *■>> jt w    i-ti—Ota-b w/\i»lr_oT|ir__
.wiiere else.     Furthermore, tliey ask-
», ved for damages for the loss suffered.
Definition  of Trade  Union
The interest of the caso Is that the
Federation relied on'the'Trade Disputes Act, 1906, as; a complete' protection  to  them,' and-they "maintained
• that Gaskell and the. otliers had, no
cause of action. ,,'Tlie plaintiff argued
that the Federation was"not protected
by the' Trade Disputes'Act, partly because tliey we're not strictly a'trade
union, and partly because the dispute
which arose was not a trade dispute
within tho moaning of the Act.
The legal definition of a trade union
is very clear, and it'was argued with
Rreat forco, that the Federation,, by
having indulged In' political activities,
had' acquired a political complexion
repugnant jo tho law, Again, it was
argued that tho dispute In Its origin
was one as to membership or non-
membership of a certain socloiy. It
might, indeed, and,did, develop Into
a dispute aB to employment, as defined In the Trade Disputes Act;^ but It
was contended that what tho ■ law
looks to is tho gonoBls of tho trouble
Tlio defendants said that tlio dlsputo
was really ono as to employment ov
non-employment of non-union mon
Throughout the ovldenco thoy addressed their host ondoavorB to showing
that tho origin ot tho dlHputo lay In
nn objection by tho union men lo
'   working with the non-union mon, tind
ST. PETERSBURG!!, April 8.—Ful!
knowledge of tlio iamino in ea3teni
ar.i' southeastern Russia''fs just beginning 'to reach "the' outer world.  , The
first' news of" th'e calamity' was cabled
in November last.. ■ At that time.'lO,-
OkO.OO persons 'were affected, today it
is officially admitted that '3i;000,000
are suffering acutely.     '"""   "'    '-'    .
Tlie centrki'aid'committee ' in- St.-
PeterSburg! wliich " has ''findlly -be'en
permitted by the-'government to'make-
a collection,' issutes a' sii'bng''appeal to.
the'nation and also to oilier countries,
'People" here are^requested to give
what they can even" If it'is only '5 ko-
p'ecks^—2% cents—which will   save'-a
person from starvation'bne day.'" The
public is responding with great gerier-.
osity and In two days 181,000 roubles—
$90,500*—have been collected   in   .St.
Petersburg and'its suburbs. ' ,..-.    _:
The    improvident'lifee'   of   public
mohey in Russia is'indicated by Finance - Mliiis'teV  kokovtsoff's'- annual
budget which has just been Introduced
in the" Doum'a.'""it'amounts to more
than 3,000,000i000 r'oubles-f$i;50b,000;-
000,—a sum not exceeded "by the bud-
get' of any "other," power'-in" the" world.' "•
;' Nevertheless the government' is^ob-!
liged to secure a-loan this' year.' The;
loan will be-placed in,Eriglan'd'and,
of tlie loan and the firms that' will
float'it have'not.'yet been''announced,
bi.t it' is believed that the';Credit Lyon-
nais will figure prominently' ''in ; tho
transaction.   '    ; • A)   '*.  ..-.. '-■' '.- '■'
W. H;;Donner, Pittsburgh,'Pa., who
lately returned from 'the Orient,, says
Chinese coal miners are paid 7 cents
for a day of 12 hours; in.addition .'he
receives liis food'from';his employer,
but' this consists bf about '1 cent's
Worth of rice, and meal.   Coal at the
•-TOfAMd OR RENT-ThWibom:
|d,plastere4 -Ho^; fc^ekt--fcSili':
Apply, R Wright, weBt Wrale/i^St-S
oomed Houses >ith. out.b'ulldlngs;k.
^Chedandtwat^;-a great snap with
veryeasyterms   :Applyv.R ^   ^
West Fernie.       •       - .
FOR MJH^ 4 rooms,with
hall, meat-kitchen; clothes-closeV eel-
S'" 7aie[''-B,nk' 'electric'light; etc:
Bltnatodffh«t^k Central Shool
Apply Wm. Bar^on . ,...,.-..
;T°A^LSr>^ .ew.'itafrotai
Hied OAT HAY. price $9.o0.,. .0.b.
Coaldale. -„.Thia ls  rich
the mine to the river,or railroad by  „„„,„„,„, .,, iUia
coolies; a distance of a mile or more, more feeding vain   #   TiX  *tUff ^^
for which they receive one cent for tiay other hay     ram       monVth™
v  "DJ1T™,.  a^'    Will send sampie.-
T.;W.Dlke,Coatoak}..Alta.-'      ' -
carrying about 40 pounds.
K«ad Uow lldeful It Proved in
Theao Widely Different Cnsei.
Zwn-DuU'o strongest point is Ita et'
fectlvenoas fn nil kinds of akin diseases nnd Injuries, Just note how
fixcollont thoso persons proved It In
widely different directions.
Som HicI.—Mrs, 0. A, Campbell, of
Powassnn, Ont., writes: "Ono of my
hools wim vory badly blistered by a
pair of now ubaos, mid tbo poisonous
dyo from ray Blocking sot Into 11, and
giado a bad sore. For a wook I could
not put on a shoo, nml mirrored great
pnln. I applied Zara<T)uk, and in a
tow dnys It drew tao poison out and
boaled tbo wound."
Dad Cut.—Mrs. J, Vlrglnt, of Onon«
duns, Ont,*. writes: " ftim-Huk healer] a
bad cut wblcb I sustained. I wan
hurrying across my yard ono day whon
I slipped and foil boavlly, my knea
Itklikiiin  « bUtilftl bOJlil),     M  tlltl  UlUlli'
tint T rtlrt iiril rt*t\\\7t> \\rivr Vinrtly t wnn
hurt, but 1 found I hnd a bnd nut
about two Inches long, very Jugged
and very deep. We bathed tbo «ut
nud applied Znm-Duk, This stopped
tho smnrtlnf-f very quickly, and In a
ff\*l*    fttt*t,ei     11    1\*llt    ilftillttJI     Ihfl    l,.9t,rt,l
comiiletoly. For cuts and bruises
Znm-Huk In a splendid remedy."
Cctema Cured.—Mrs. Antolno Af*
lennult of Maxinmvllie, r, E. I., writes:
"I can highly recommend Znm-Duk to
nny person RUlTerlnK from eczema. I
had this disease and was undor doo
tors' treatment for two ycara, without
any Rood result I then tried Earn*
TluV «nd In lha *tifi It cnrt>/l ma."
Zam-Buk is just as good for piles,
blood-poison, festering sores, pimples,
*ru[)t!or.«, cut*, bnraa, bruises, and
al) skin Injuries and diseases. 60c.
box alt druftRlsts and stores, or post
f«* far price from Zam-Itatc da, Toronto. Try ZanvBuk Soap, Sfa. tablet..
John Mitchell, ina letter to* Justice'
Wright, declining'to avail'himself of
the Immunity offer' of^the court, provided he would make'certain'promises,
made It clear that the position which
he has maintained since the inception
of the contempt proceedings will bo
maintained to the end, -Mr. Mitchell's
letter follows: "Judgo Wright, Sir: At
the close of my cross-examination In
the" contempt proceedings instituted
against Mr Gomipors, Mr Morrison and
me, the.1 court stated that I was freo
at any timo boforo those'proceedings
closed to glvo expression to the court,
either.orally or,in written communication, upon tho subject of tho following recommendations: "The court,
Btrongly recommends that you const*
dor again the propriety of acquainting
tho court boforo , thoso proceedings
close with your conviction, whether
you ought and whether you expect,
horeaflor lo lend adhorenco to the do-
croos of tho judicial tribunals of tho
land in mattorB committed by law ,to
tliolr Jurisdiction and powor." I havo
given tho court's recommendation
careful thought ami serious consideration, as a result of whioh I doslro fo
say thnt I bellovo a stntomont by m«
that I 'oxpoct horoattor to lond ad.
horanco to the decroos ot tho Judicial
tribunals of tho land' would bo subject to no othor Interpretation than
that I havo horotoforo fallod or ro*
fused to comply with llie lawful dc-
creos of the court, and that my ovlil-
For Sale
miUUAHD HOOT8-I1.60 por do*.
Cubbnfto Plants, BO conts por it'll
(ready May 10th)	
Also % aero lot, * I r>0.00; terms.
Apply, John McLachlan, Wont Fornlo.
,    3<~3t
-, EGGS'- for' Hatching-.from' selected
laying strain;'- Buff Orpington,' $1.50 13, "Albert Davies, Annex Extension, Fernie, B.C.       -      ' - ■ 3t'
,' FOR' SALE—Will- receive offers. for'
a week'for two 3-i'o'omed Houses'.on
one-lot; coal, house, toilet-and water
attached.-- .Apply,1 R.= . Wright, ^-West
Fernie..'  ... ■"-..'      . .     -.-      ...      i-t
vThe F.ernie-.Steain Laundry, and
Dye .Works report business im-
proying.'all,% .time:/.' They are
malting a "reduction in prices on
Dyeing and French Dry Cleaning
for- the.; spring. trade. v. Also a,
cheapinonthlylaundry rate for all'
bachelors will be,given. :■ A trial
is'oall.they,ask to convince, you
.they.are-O.K..-.:,     * '  v '
Hosmer. B.C-L^'n andi2  BlQck
'l°VnZ ?a Q St; and ™rt Avenue, 10  fcet; <Wthe best comers
n the city;,.mu^tsell.atonce.-tftlo
first class,, what am j.offeredT-P.
McLachlan,-Box 524, Prince Rupert, B.
C   • ' ■ ,   .,v*     .'    .      ' "•    ;       ...
FOR.SALE-%use;;7 V ,bath
and'pantry   conQecfed.:ra^   Wobk
a ;, / f /eet* ' Centrii»y l0^ted.
4J1 fenced and p^lnted> $2500„terms.
qheap for cash., -^    L  Q •
Box 123.V     y •    '
Bloc°kR RS^torela the Eckstein
BlockVi   Apply;. Cre6 and^Moffatt     ,
POR  SALE—Choice
Furn tare for Sale. Can be. seen at
any .time. ,;Apply.Mrs> Aldrich/^cor.'
McPherson -Ave.and McEvoy; gt; - - :
ial Sale of Flatware
-Bone-handled. Tea or Dinner knives," at $1.25: per.- X,* **„„■''
_>,1835,\Vallace Bros. Tea or"Dinner knives,"-$2.00 per't,i«<£' -'."'
"Vi'Doz: only Dinner Knives, best plate, ?1.75S\    '- aiI'ao^'
■s\_ Doz.-,<6nly Toronto'■ Silver Plate Tea Knives, $2.2k ■  i-''-
,1847...Hogers'-Bros. Dinner Knives, ?2."00 per-half-doz."-. , ** . ,A
■ Rogers';Best Plated Table' Spoons at 45ci each:,"" ••' " • *
, Wm.-Rogers and Son Table Spoons ?1.75. per .half .d^™ '""■"•
,1847 Hogers'.-Bros. Table.'Spoons,-$2.75 per- half -do? t'     '   '-."«"
,-1847,'Rogers'-Bros.- Dessert Spoons-?2.501 per half, do%
Wm'fRogers' arid Son Dinner Forks,' $1:50" per half d^M\-
• Wm; Rogers; and Son Al Tea Forks, $1.75 per..half d^*
Academy of Sltopthaiftl
and Typewrit%
Two' Classes Weekly.    Tuesdays, aiid' Fridays
. ■» . k-  .   from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
•' "■ "Privato lessons and select classes by, avi-angoment
:To1. i'79 Evenings' ,.:. ,X <MA Dayg
One Memorable Night
Monday Evening, April 22nd, 1912
present tho laughing musical suqcoss
25 People-Mostly Girls
Funny Comedians.   Charming Singers
Beautiful Scenery.   Gorgcons Costumes
Secure Seats Early.   Prices $1,7sCt & 5QCf
V"'   '' .'X.~  .': ,: *.K ''"'..'■
Wholesale." and Retail,
Barber. Shop-,
■'.'■ Baths   ",N
Shoe.. Shine,v
*,. i.
a Dry7 Goods, .Boots, Shoes:.',
- fy,*-- «,'■ V-'■;- sy ' ^ ', ^ .'.}.-<sy*'.x   ,■ to,* •
xr. I „V. Men's .Furnishings"/"
.i.'V "'-•■>' ;.. '■•" -xt iu.s. *, ^tf- ■" ';-■,
V'1. /'i v.-•  ?•: -     .-".v'! .'. • •'.,'••.-.«'
^;,, Groceries^ -Friiits, and;, v-1;
; "-Provisions
>>'■ -
iBellevue, :~P$&.:
Billiards and Pool
Coffee arid, Sandwich*
: CountervV;, ;>-,.-,
, Hazilwood Buttermilk
■•-'* ''Vv '-.•';    ?
Victoria Aveiiue
FERSIE, B.C..! ..I Phbiie3+;
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Goods a Specialty
SB 105
* -' tho fireman has done his host
and lost.out,'ls'tfcon .too late
to consldor about a poltoy of
fire Insurance.;; For your protection you should
' '   ' '
Insure in our
to-dayi ■  The cost for adequate ' Insurance to warrant
- you against financial loss will
not bo groat.
: Why not get our ratos and
guard your Interests"befow it
is too late?
Sole Agent for Fornlo
eii ^^uriiBle
■a'V ■*' L      ' *     t nl-    "   ' *"    f    i V
":•**■.:•   -a ' '       Dealer, in
"".'■■*..   ">y ' • • \' ,." i  *...._   '   • ;    '        "• ". ,\ i     .;•■
. .... Hardware,,; Stoves,   Ranges;
i".   Fancy Goods and Stationery; / :
a"X    '^'■••.-,     XA,yi:.A»y.y<   Vv'V     ■;•.  ;./:*; v
BELLEVUE .    , -;-}y,,; Alberta
'"V  \0'
Bellevue Hardware "i Furniture C^
,,'V   '■* '•"-' ■    -  Headqua'rters*for^vvfv  .  ?i''7'aa
House Fu^itiir^a^vtt
:;^;sPEcrAii;'.: PRicfes^nf;; ^^ixuRE;v^
"iAComplete line of ---:' -•---■V LbokVAroiinti first
spo'rting;;goods::' . .* ,. ,.„..;;th'en^buy here
., ;,v.  /;;, Every daya.Bargain ..Dajr-Her^ .v.
., 'i »
i .
Clean and Gbrhfertable
M6als W
- \ \- ^
Choice Wines, Liqubr^antf Gigafs
\     ■, ^J.:CUNNINe'HAM,/P^
Electric Restorer lor Men
Phosphonol r«it?ro9 ev'-ry n"rv< in •■>*■ My
■..i._.... ■■."■*•*» 19 "• proper tenalon | rmlarei
iturq dec*v nnd "
For 8ile at Bleaidall'i Drug 8tor#
'    '    ,       i i ,9'' s   \.
a. 11   ii k     , 'js.
','-"■   '   '     We'carry a full lino of- "'••'•.    ,.
Red Feather & tartan Canned Goods
'' ■      ,', '.' ' '*''' ■ '■    .i
Prices Right V  -
....    Satisfaction guaranteed or money back   V
Phone 103    ,,:•':        Frank, Alta.
V ^ ,       , , ,
And Nothing but tho Bent In Frooh
and Smoked Moats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Mknagtr,
For Men, Women and Children
While walking \h good exorcise and necessity
Bicycles are also 'highly recommended and |n
going to and, from work aro very iisoful—you
get thero quicker, a very important factor.
Bicycles Repaired. JOHN MINTON <rodd BIock
100 Cents of Each Dollar
Profits made aro returned to thp purchasers
under the Co-operative plan. Witli a trade of
Ono IXiuulteii Thousand Dollars annually, the
storo that belongs to the people eaii guarantee
it V
wuiivGu   i nuvo  u>aiu   jl i \juii\jov  yuuuo
U i
Groceries, Shoes, Dry Goods
Slater Shoes. Amherst & Leckie Mine Shoes! Art Clothes
oSS. Co-Operative, Coleman -gfs
• 'i


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