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The District Ledger Sep 20, 1913

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Industrial Unity • is Strength.
No. 4,-vol. vn.
.?•.. r
, The Official. Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
XT-  '
$1.00 A YEAR.
1 miUNlDAP, Colo., Sept.-18.—The official call for a strike lii District No.
,15, United Mine Workera, was issued
last night from the offices of Frank
Hayes, international vice president.
LOCAL ITEMS       ,       \
The K. P.'s will give-a smoking concert in their hall on Tuesday evening,
Sept. 23.
The sisters of the .Rebekah, Lodge
No, 20 are requested to meet at the
K. P. HaH Sunday evening 7 o'clock
-sharp for practice. - .   -.,
The weekly dance of the Fernie
Amateur Athletic Club will be given
on .Monday, Sept. 22nd, instead of
Thursday. All those previously invited are .welcome..
The Ladles' - Aid of t&e {Baptist
Church,aro holding a sale of home
cookery and afternoop. teas on Saturday, With. Sept., in the hall at,the rear
of the Baptist Church, to. commence
-at 4 o'clock. Please note.
, Nicholas Rahal/will,, appear before
Justice of Peace Burns charged with
causing the death* of his wife, "arid receive preliminary hearing on Saturday. S. Herchmer will defend and A.
Fisher prosecute for crown.
An appeal'from decision of Elko justices in connection with real estate
license was heard in Fernie today arid
'^ase dismissed. ,It was held that constable, making'^arrest.had. not_ been ap-
i=pVinted~-by"Iiieutenant Governor as
revenue collector and was without authority. AThe opinion- of Bowser is
sought.      ,
-The Co-operative store has the finest...display of Elberta" Freestone
peaclies 'ami- the choicest preserving
prunes that-we have ever seen on exhibition in Fernie. Intending purchasers should .buy immediately as there
is every indication that fruit will not
remain long at present rates and this
week will, we are. informed,' see the
end of the best preservlng.stock. - We
notice that the store ls,launching out
"iiitoriaflJtHSFline, namely the cfdckery.
which is .further evidence of the pro'
gre'sslveness of the' management.
N. E. Suddaby is making a special
pay day display of pads/onvelopes and
writing paper, .and one hundred votes
Jil,the. piano, contest^is given to every-
purchaser gt 25 cents value. Mr. Suddaby informed us that remarkable enthusiasm is being' displayed . by ■ both
old and young In this contest and he
believes that a record nuriiber of votes
will be registered. The conditions of
the competition aro such that even
those beginning,.i now stand', every
chance of winning this handsome instrument.
On Friday, Sept, 12th, "at the home
of IMrs. 'Martin, Wardner, Miss Helen
Draper was united In wedlock to Gus*.
taf Adolf Oman, and Minnie Draper
united with Clark Henry „ McKenzie,
The brides aro both from Fornle and
tlie brldogrooms from Wardnor, whero
tho two couples Intend to reside. The
wedding, service was conducted by
Uov. W. Stephens, Presbyterian min-
Utor, Wardnor. Tho brides woro prot-
tlly dressed nnd a flno supper was
served by the hoBtosa. Wo wish tho
young couple* good luck.
the latter probability,, is very remote,
as I cannot attach much credence to
Isnor's evidence bearing on this point;
it appears to me to have been an afterthought and in direct conflict.with his
evidence given shortly after the accident before the coroners.
iThe deceased died from" the effects
of inhaling poisonous gases in the
raise and,died shortly after being taken out of the mine	
The only evidence or misconduct or
negligence tendered by the respondents la the evidence of Alex Thompson, who was mine foreman at the
Blue Bell iMlne, at tiie time of the accident, who warned the deceased not
to gO'Up'into the raise after the blasting until everything was safe.. . ., .
. The words of Fitzjjatrick C. J. in
British Columbia Sugar Refining Coy.
v. Granick, 44 S. C. R. 110, express the
rule which I must follow. He says: "I
think the reasonable conclusion on all
the evidence is that the direct cause
of the,.accident being admittedly unexplained, it must be classed among
those, known in the French law as "ac-
cldente anonymes" which' apparently
are -almost .inevitable in the operation
of large industrial establishments and
the burdens of. which are,made a
charge directly on the industry but indirectly on the public, by the Workmen's Compensation Act., -
The fact of.partial dependency is
proved by evidence taken under a
commission taken in Ireland.
_   . - _,.J.- A, .FORIN,
' '   X     - ° "■   " i Arbitrator.
Nelson, September 3rd,' 1913.
There is nothing startling to report"
from the Island this week, but there1 is
every indication that the hirelings of
the government and Bowser "-are as
busy as ever jailing men and trumping
up charges. .If the police are not able
to arrest Jon a murder or assault
charge then the vagrancy act is 'called
Into requisition and the men are held
pending the arrival of "manufactured
testimony," and this ls invariably
forthcoming in, the shape of the police
or military, who seem to have sunk
every regard for truth and accuracy in
The spirit of the men, however, is
unbroken and the persistent 'persecution seems, as history has repeatedly
shown, to strengthen., their determination to see the strike to a finish and
win." The following telegram from F.
Farrington- was received this week:
'Special to District Ledger
VANCOUVER, B. C, Sept. 17, 1913.
—Soldiers, police and Thlel detectives
infest Island by hundreds. Our .men
are belrjg arrested for peaceful picketing and one hundred and seventy-
five are now In Jail. Trials a travesty
of justice. Government persecution
has . filled __men _with - determination.
Nanaimo, Ladysmith-and South Wellington completely idle. Cumberland
is not producing any considerable
amount. Strike will go on until we
win.   F. Farrington.
The following extract of letter from
F. Farrington to A J. Carter, sec-
treas of District 18, may be taken as
being a correct summary of the--situation:    -
". . . You may be interested in
knowing that so far as the strike sit-
their desire to serve the master class." uat,°n ls concerned, we ^iave It well
In hand. Despite- the presence of mil
Itary fo/ces arid a large number of
special police and the persistent persecution of our men by governmental
authorities, the "spirit of the men has
not'been broken. As a matter cf fact,
they are more determined than ever.
On the other hand, the companies are
In a badly crippled condition. No coal
whatever Is being produced at Nanaimo, South Wellington or Extension,
and veryJIttle.ls being mined at Cumberland, notwithstanding the fact that
the Canadian Collieries Company have
now been trying for more 'than a year
to operate the mine with strike break-
ers.   ....     •      ;
To the Hon. W. J. Bowser, Acting Premier of British Columbia;
Victoria, B. C.
Sir,—We, the undersigned British subjects, demand British fairness in"the present crisis in the Island coal fields., We claim that had
the Coal Mines Regulation Act been fairly and strictly enforced as regards noxious gases, this strike would never have taken place.
General Rules, page 153, section 87, rule 1 of the act reads "Every
mine while working shall be'thoroughly ventilated and furnished with
an adequate supply of pure air to dilute and render harmless noxious
gases . . ." We claim that the government inspectors did not see
that this clause was enforced at Extension, ahd that their neglect to
enforce the act in this respect led to the finding of gas by a gas committee, and that this was the beginning of the present serious trouble.
We claim the law should be no respecter of persons; that if miners are to be lodged in gaol for breaking the law, then inspectors, mine
owners and all persons responsible who have broken .the law in not
carrying out the provisions of the act should also be put in gaol, they
having set the example of lawlessness. Failing this we demand the
release of the imprisoned miners.- In other words, we demand British
fair play.
John Nicollette had his toe crushed
in the yards here on' Tuesday, by a'
car door falling on "him.
On  Wednesday'"W.   Harrison  fell
over a rock in' Coyote Street and is
now around, on a stick,in consequence
of a dislocated ■ knee.'     * „
"Bill Yates, a "miner-employed in 1
East 'Mine,  fell' off ,the' bench  ancl
.broke his',forearm on Wednesday.
tor'.s on -Wednesday night, witli bruised.-head, arid face, caused by slipping
pff '.the bench while at ,work in 1 South
Mine.    ,.,.-,       '     '.'.',
Bob Ashmore- had his fingers badly
lacerated 'on Wednesday night in -1
•East-Mine.- -•  '-'- *  '   '      -•    '"
•   Tom 'Francis bad'his fingers crushed In No. 3 mine Wednesday.
J." Tyson, air dinkey driver at 1
South Mine, was removed home on
Thursday suffering from a dislocated
The following is a list of returns
from sale of tickets in connection with
Secretary .Hillcrest Local   $10.00
Secretary*. (Beaver Mines Local.    6,00
Secretary   Taber Local       15.15
Secretary Coleman Local       5.00
Secretary Diamond City Local.    '5.00
Rocolved to dato    530,15
'Drawing will tako place in Fornlo
on Ootobor SOili ln tho Isis Theatre
and -rosult will bo -published In Ledger
of same week.
,i     DIED
FORD—On Sunday morning about
3  o'clock iMrs. Jamos Ford  paBBOd
awny at tlio Fornlo Hospital, Tho do-
censed was a native of Scotland, coming to Fornlo nbout two yoar* ago, to
bocomo tho wJfo of Mr. James Ford.
Somo sovon weeks ago she wns takon
111, and about throo weeks liitor eymp-
toms of typhoid fever became evident.
She  was romoved  to the hospital,
whoro everything possible waB dono to
carry hor through tho attack, hut witli.
out avail, nnd sho pnwod nwny on Sun-
day. Among hor frlonds Mrs. Ford was
hold ln tho vory highest ostoom nnd
tho doopoat sympathy Ib felt for Mr.
Ford nnd his llttlo motherless babo,
' not yot two months old.  Tho fiihornl
sorvlno wan hold on Wednesday nf*
tornoon nt Thomson nnd Morrison's
undertaking parlors und was conducted by Rov. \V, J, MncQuarrlo, pastor
of Knox Proabytorton Church.
In the 8upr«mo Court of British Columbia, In the Matter of the Workman's Compensation Aot and In the
Matter of an Arbitration Thereun-
dor Between William McBhane, Ap-
plloant, and The New Canadian M**.
al Company, Limited, a Body Cor.
(loreU, Ke«(Jond«nt»,
Saturday tho 20th will bo n rod letter day ln the history of football In
tho Crow'e iNogt .Pass, Coal Crook and
Coleman will moot at Blairmore to
play for the final of tho Mutz Cup. The
cup Is a handsome trophy glvon by A.
Mutz, ItlBQ., Prosldont of the Fornlo-
Fort Stoolo Brewery Co,, Fornlo, and
though not ne valuable as tho Crahan
Cup Is nevertheless a worthy momento whioh nny club would bo pleased to
•havo tho honor of.winning,
This yoar's wlnnors will also ho tho
recipients of n sot of modnls gonorous-
ly. donated by Mr. MnU, nml tho runners up will rocolvo tho valuable travelling bat given by iMossrs. Trites-
Wood <tiwl Co., Fornlo. It Is Quito safe
to predict that tho match will bo tho
most keenly contested of tho sbason,
and It It to bo hoped thnt tx good olonn
Knmo'wlirbo fought on sportsmanship
linos and Hip host team win. Tho gamo
will ho undor the control of Mr. Jan.
Wilson nnd two neutral llnosinon.
In Anticipation of a rooord crowd,
special arrangements hnvo boon mndo
with fl. P. R. by Coal Creok Football
Club nnd excursionists will bo able
to nocuro return transportation from
Jfornlo for -tl.80 and Michel U.K..
TloJtots from Soorotnry Coal Croolc
Football Club, or A. J, Cartor, Fernlo.
. .    , Nanaimo, B. C. Sept. 11, 1913.
To the Organized' "Workers of Canada and their Sympathisers:
. Greeting,—For many months llie miners employed on Vancouver
Island have-been fighting desperately-to, force'the "mine owners to
obey existing mine laws, rectify iniquitous 'working conditions and
grant them re'eognitioh as members of. the .United Mine Workers of
America. During the struggle they have suffered all the abuses kntl
injustices that could be devised by cruel oppressors.,. Appeals for jus-
obedience of the laws and to secure justice for the miners, the political powers have furnished armed guards to protect :the!mine,owners
in their infamy.^ The press, political powers-and predatory>interests
have combined with the mine owners to crush the miners' and defeat
common-justice. Nevertheless the men h'avo-jwVV.iV-tfY-^Jmposi-
tioh .known to brutal injustice with courage ancl unity. Maddened
by the solidity of the men, the mine owners and their cohorts deliberately planned to create a state of disorder that would result in military occupation of the Island—in this they succeeded. When military occupation obtained, a drag net was thrown out and 175 of our
men were seized and imprisoned. Since their arrest they have been
.crowded three in a.cell, in foul'unsanitary jails, treated as vicious
criminals and held, none of them less than eight clays and many of
them threo weeks,'5 without preliminary trial. Since the preliminary
trial commenced the trial judge and tho Crown Prosecutor have plainly shown animus for our people. Boaster! British justice has been
turned into travesty and with rare exception and on biased testimony
ancl flimsy evidence they have been remanded lo jail without bail,
The wholo procedure isiobviously a conspiracy to discourage tlio
men and brenk the strike, and should bo denounced by all justice-loving peoplo. Therefore wo ask that you protest against the action of
the military nnd civil authorities in seizing and jailing our fellow
workers and demand of your respective representatives thnt thoy use
their influence to see that the victims receive a linsty and impnrtial
trial, and that the further prostitution of justice'is prevented.
Fraternally yours,
District 28 ol! U. M. W. of A.
FRANK FARRINGTON, Offieor in charge ol! strike.
Canadian labor, press plenso copy.
Carbondale Local Union No. 2227 U;
M. W. of A.
Editor, District Ledger,
Fernie, B. C. '
Dear Sir and Bro.,—Kindly insert ln
this .-week's issue of the Ledger copy
of letter received from Ladysmith Local and oblige.
Yours fraternally,,
-' Sec'y.
Carbondale, Alta.-, Sept. 16th, 1913.
DUirR^^Jept n.-raN'«#ly 25,000
men are toS^^R^'iftnejw-om strike
or lock-om, Inra^gFeffTinoveincnt'of
labor unrest wlricJi began here with
the tramway strike and which spread
to England'.i^d Scotland.
Armed polic-e fired upon the crowd
of rioting farm laborers near FJng-
lass, fatally wounding a boy.   Tho policeman who fired the shot was ar-   •
Soldiers will be sent to Patriot, tho
district north of Dublin, and martial
law may, be declared.
The strike movement Is spreading
and, with tlie extension of the movement, is increasing Uie hatred of the n
men.   It is estimated the strike has
cost $5,000,000.
There are 12,000 men idle In Ireland, 5,000 at Liverpool, 5,000 at Birmingham and 1,000 at'GlaBgow.
Local Union 238S XL, M. W. of A.
Ladysmith, Aug. 26, "1913.
,To all whom It may concern:      ■,' .
I hereby certify that the following
did draw strike relief from Local Union 2388, situated at Ladysmith, B. C,
and*-then went--to-work," This' union
has branded them "scabs" and unfair
to organized labor.
The names and amounts are as follows:
William McLeod  ,   $219.00
John 'McLeod  '      G5.00
Tom 'McLood          13,00
Total       $327.00
And I, the undersigned, (iBk unions
to beware of theso men.
allan Mcdonald,
(Seal of Local) See', pro tem.
Klak are the most notorious bunch of
scabs we haye had here.   They have
caused  more  union   men  to  get  In
trouble with the socalled officers of
the   law  than  any  gang  of  similar
magnitude.   AS' they have sowed the
seed make them reap the whirlwind.
Give him all that is ^coming to Wm.
It is through the actipns of such men
as these that about-100 of our men are
in jail at the present time.. The situation here is looking1 brighter.   Jingle
Pot Mine has 'signed a- good agreement with  closed shop, but it' only
employs about. 100'men.   'We  have
working directly or indirectly for' the
Cauadian Collieries Co. and the call
has been pretty well responded to by
machinists, molders, electricians and
construction workers. It now behooves
all workers to stay away from Van-
■couver Island and keep others away.
The-Island Is Intosled with thugs;' de^
tectlves   and   about   2,000   soldiers.
When a man .leaves  his  limine   and
walks on the street he need not bo
surprised to be arrested at any moment, tried on a fictitious charge and
railroaded to Jail.   This is tho sort of
"British justlco" we get through the
efforts of such mon as Krall and his
associates acting as strike breakers.
Yours fraternally,
Rec. Sec, Local Union No. 2299,
U. M. W. of A„
Cumberland, Tl. C,
Gladstone Local
The management committee will
meet in the Secretary's office on. Sunday, September-the 21st, at.6.30 p.m.
The regular meeting of Gladstone
Local 'Union will be held in the Club
'Hall at Coal Creek on Friday, September 26th, at 7.30 p.m.
--- - ------- - - - - Tr- UPHILLrSecretafyT
'Moses iBaritz, Socialist propagandist, will deliver a lecture on Saturday
evening on Victoria Avenue about 8   *
p.m. ■ .   , -
The Sunday night meeting will take
place   in   the   Grand   Theatre   at   8
o'clock.   Comrade Barltz has an Inter-    ,
national reputation and the 'lucidity.
with  which he handles his subject,
coupled with a fine vigorous delivery,   -
has gained him an enviable prominen-
comrade should make an effort to be
present at both of these meetings and
on Sunday night, as the meeting will
be held inside, wives and frlende will
find plenty of accommodation.
There will be a business meeting on
Sunday afternoon, at 2.30. . Matters of
importance will be discussed and-It -
is absolutely   necessary   that   every
comrade should be present. ,
Conn-ade Barltz will address meetings at Hosmer on Monday evening,
22nd. On Wednesday and Thursday
be will visit Michel and lecture on '
both days. Returning, ho will speak
at Hosmor on Friday, 2Cth0and will bo '
In 'Pernio to address meetings on Saturday and Sunday, Sept. 27th And 28th.
To the Editor Ledger.'
Dear Sir,—I am Instructed by Hosmer Local to ask you to publish tlio
above resolution.
Thanking you In anticipation,
YourB truly,
Four Men Arrested at Na-.nalmo Yesterday While Doing Picket Duty
—Other Riot Cases
To all nfl'ilintcd Trades Unions, Control Labor Bodies, Building nnd
Allied Trades Councils and District Organi-zationH.
Friends and follow workers,—-In accordance witli tlio subjoined
self explanatory lottor from tho Nanaimo local U. M. W. of A,, I for
ward lierowitlt tlio enclosed petition to tho Hon. Uie Attorney CI on-
oral and retjucst tho momborship to respond by sinning nnd forwarding tlio same to the undersigned aN soon ns possible, who will duly
forward it.
Sincerely yours,
A. Macaotl for tho nj»pUe»n«, C. R,
Hnmllton for tho ronpondonts,
'In this fiction a clnlm for tfumagoii
1« mndo fnr *** *«-«' .?! V.c:li;z Ifc
Shane, who waa klllod in tho Blue Dell
Mino, at Rlondo], Went Kootenay DU-
trict, British Columbia, on tho 2nd of
AprW, 1012,
So far as known tlio clrcumrtnncei
of Uio dwth woro M followr.—
iMeflhano nnd M» working mate, or
parlnor, ono Harry Iinor, fired *
round of ahota about 4 nm. In n r.tlso
Jn which th-fty iter* wotWor. They
waited apparently tor about an hour,
when tho deceaMd vent Into tho rail**
to roautno work or to male* an inijmc-
tion of It mar bo to look for hia mato.
irho, contrary to cuatom, bad aeparat*
«ii from ftla oartacr, Vx. dcciwuwl, Wl
r r*  !'••
9   J.  Ir.lltU),
nurlnii tho pronent wook a .Mtafltan
la biting hold In tho Oathollo Cliureh,
Foralc, by tho Uor. Dr, Donnelly, O.
M, I. Tho curly morning aarvlcea wo
well attended oach day.  In the ovon-
'.i.V, ■**. '.vi >  irtifch touKteitaUOn itt I-TWf
ont. Tho nermonu nro solid and practical./ Tho ulnulnR of tho hymna by
tho oonRreiratlon I" n brlKht feature of
tlio service*. Kvory evonlnjt durlnu
tho coming week -thero will bo a discourse on Intoroatlnu polnta of Catholic dottvlnc tux CatVifillia and «nn-
Catholfba, Such aubjocts na "The
foundation, of Our Faltli," "TUu Om
Truo Church," "Ocmfosalon ot Sin,"
elc, will provo of general Interest To
tolTO difficulties and aatiafy enquiring
mlnde. question* place*! ln the qua*
tion bo* will be anawewd. All Uie
people of Pernio and district are cour-
tMualy Invited.
Nanaimo. B. <■■*, Sopt. 2, 1013.
Christian Sivortc,
1272 Donman St.,
Victoria, B. C.
Donr Sic nnd Brother—TilnoWivl j"-*v. will fi:;J.
which wn nro Hrr»n1ntinf» in Nnnnhro nnd vl-fSnily.
At last evening meeting of Nanaimo local No. 2155 li. M. W. of
A., it was decided to forward a copy of this petition to you and uhU
you to mall a copy of Hiimo to every loeul affiliated with the B. C.
Federation of Lnhor. and nslr thorn fn fill I" ♦»•'■■ ;"•"<•"« .i.v I f.::v.-.u1
samo to Bowser.
The mon of Nanaimo aro undor tho impression that if petition!*
of this kind nro sent to Bowser from every constituency in tlie
Provinco, auffieiont prossurc will bo brought to boar on tho Government to at least allow our mon who nro await in* Ha! fo got out on
bail,    j
Ilopiug you will Ktvo liliu duo consideration.
T remain, ''-
Yours frnlernnlly,
Pres. Nttunimo Locnl No. tflfiS. V. M. W. of A
(k». O. Box 1072, Naiwitno, K, O.)
Tho following reHOliitlon was unanimously passod nt a Rpoclnl mooting of
tho Hosmor Local Union ut which o
very largo nnd1 roproRontntlvo numbor
woro prosont to consider tho ndvlsabll-
ity ot n 48 hourB' stoppnuo of work:
"■RWSOLVKD; That wo, tho mom-
hers of Local 2407 IJ, M. W. of A.,
TIoHmor, Tl. C„ horo ln special JiioollnR
assembled, do horoby condemn tho notion of thoso who nro rosponHllilp for
tho military riilo being OHtabllnlioil In
tho Htrlke ssono on Vancouver Inland,
W-n hollovo thnt In tho Inst nnnlyalH It
wnn tho Rovornmont of 1), C, who wero
actiuiilly responsible, nltliotiBh from ro-
ports nt hand, It would appear Hint no
ono dooms willing to neenpt llm responsibility.   Wo nro of tlio opinion,
howevor, thnt Attorney Onnornl How-
Bor, bucltod up by tho Connorviillvo
novum in ont nnd cnpltnllHt promt, did
I n ton (I to dollhcrntoly rldo rougliRlioil
ovor tho mino workers of tho Jidiiml,
and  coiiHldorliiK tlio honorable and
ponccnblo manner In which tlio Htrllt-
ors woro conducting thorn sol von, tho
ono  way  to dninornlko  and bring
aboui a srainpodo amongst tlio workors wns to sond In tlio military, aiTIl
wo nro of tho opinion thai thoso tactics woro omployod by tho govorit-
mont to bring about such a result.
"Thflrnforo, Tin It. furllinr rodfllvod,
tlint wo aympntlilzo with our follow
WorV*>ro nn Hin Tnln-ml ivttin h.\**t.At.?■'•*.'
■uhlflctod to mirli tyrannical ■•trniiti
ment, through tho agency of tweh n
despotic and czar-llku government-*
government which Is always crying
ont tor n whlto Jl. C, nnd wo would
urge nil wage workers to roglgter
J.';..'."  ,..*-.'   ■■'. ..n,A....'*,   ■'..<   '■•'•ni*  "Mito-A*
mothoda of Howiicr & Co, when tho
opportunity priwnnta Hsf-lf, through
tho ballot box, nnd that copy o( thte
revolution ho forwarded to tho 11, 0.
Pedoratlonlat and tho District Urtgor
for publication.
NANAIMO, Sopt. 14.— Four men
woro nrrefltcd yostorday afternoon by
tlio pollco and charged with Intimidation, Tho mon woro doing picket duty
at 'No, 1 mino whon thoy woro nrroat-
od, Tho pollco contend that picketing
Ib unlawful. Tlio men arrested were
ThoninR .1. Shonton, William Martin,
Gordo Clorrnre and Vnnderlno CiiIhIo.
It Ih Intended to mnko a tOBt case of
thia charge of Intimidation
Only flvo ca«o» woro henrd by
MaglHlrnlo Hlmpwm ynBtordny.'.MoBsru.
Lolghton nnd Darling roproncntcd tlio
mon and Mr. T. II. ShnoboMinm repru-
soritod tho crown.
Alexander Huntor and O, Hnrtolmow
wero chanted with rioting at Kxlen-
Dion on AugiiBt M and 14 nnd thoy
wnro romandod for olaht duyH. Stovo
Moliior wn» chnrged with Intimidating i
John Wooka nnd Knoch Frnnela on j
September !> rind wan romandod ovor
to Saturday morning. V. Docehonn
and John' Hnrkor were charged with
hnvlng stolen property In their pos«
Reunion nud wore romandod for eight
The two-weekly mooting of tho City
Council took place on Thursday, there
boliiK present the 'Mayor nnd all aldermen with tlio exception or Al. Iltauto.
Tlio report of tho city eiiKlnoor on
tho damaged hydrant at the rear of
tlio Pernio Hotol wns road and biirkob-
tlons mndo for replacing same In Iobs
dangerous position- '•• w«« decided,
however, that n« tho hydrant wan lu ft
correot poflltlon, a light placed
nearby would niltl(?nto accidents In
tho future. Tho damnKO amounted to
about $75.
A, H. Campbell, of llottiner, mado
application for llcenao to open insurance offlco, but wlBhod to ho oxcuHOd
from putting up $1,000 bond. Ho will
bo oxcuHOd provided ho produces lenBo
ol building,
Tills, with piiHMlnit "f nreounK ltl-
eluding one froni l.uwo and KlBlior for
proRooutliiK Cohen In real oHtato onae.
waB all ot Importance trammeled.
Declilon of Victoria Mafllttrate Con-
cernlno Member of Teaching
Staff of City 8chool
■ vic.TnnTA, Sept, ir, rhnnri-!- .pn-
fcrrod by thn mllltta ngiiinat two old-
tonn of Victoria did not «ucc«ed ye«-
■torday whon brought to trial and tho
defendants wero dUmlnBod.
In on« ca«« tho s<>eretnrv of th*
w-litifii tioitrd had demanded the upturn
from military duty of one of tha
toachftrt on hia staff. TIUr wa« ro-
aontod by tho officer* of the "citizen
soldiery," but the maglntrate who
hoard the cave held that It waa more
Wo lmvo rocolved Hie following
trnm >ffrTi^f r.o^? for p.iWf.vi'ton,'
Cumberland, n. ('.. Mu* •-■ >*H.
H. TClmor, H«i.
Dear Sir and Tiro.,---Vour* ef tlio
Ifith to hand re .Jo« Krall sobbing In
Cumberland. Ho ne.v«r l>.td permit
»1on from tho proildent or nny other
oCKtUl of thU Union. I msty »*y that
he. Jack and MleV Krall and Mike
lleeelved ton Into lor eliif-Hlflrntlon,
A apocJnl meelliiK of Loe.il 2»2!l,
Maplo Loaf Im railed for Sunduy morning nt 10 o'eloek for tho purpoae of
noinlnntlng DlBtrlct OfflcorH for the
eiiHiiIng term; nlHo to dlflcusu tho pro-
poxltlon which confronU Hip iiiIihth of
Vaneouvisr klnnd, Wo«t 'Virginia, W>-
orn'do and eldewhere (hfouglinut tIi*-
ontlre country. No Im.'iRlnery HneB
drawn at thlB game. bccauBc. In my
opinion, It is time for the workers to
reallno tills, that we are exploited re-
gnrdk<i*B of the flag that wo extBt under.
Special mooting of floral 2:ifi2, I'aBB*-
durK, twin in Kitfvak J*«li on,un- nth
r»f tft'iAnjAit.-i; AjUI, V'.'.m *»v*.»*. Inji.tti
nominated for District *Offl«y>m for tlu-
ensuing term: President,.!. K. -Smith.
Kornle, II. C; Vice prenldont. T. l-ll-
mor, Mlchol, II C; Socrotary-Tr^ns-
tirer. Thomss f>rtnee f'nnl -f'reoV tl
Qy, International Hoard Member. I).
neon. Fernie, H. €.; Sub Illutrlet Hoard
Member, James Hiirko, I»ollevne, Altn.;
Nontral Scnttlneer. T. J^yBhoa, Passbiirg. Alta.
Tho Passburg Uiaxl Union has form-
Importiint for Ihe teaehor to take I ci * sick and Accident Ttenefft nm-f
thargo of hts ichool than, to remain; to eliminate the numerous colloctton
with tho roltltla, considering ths tack!that nre tnklnir place Just nt pmimpt,
ut. urhttaoy-Kt that time. 'and my advlre to all locals tblirough-
C.am«, Warden (Jidley was accused out the entire Dlstrtet Is to advorato
hsvlng tiled Insulting lanir«sg« dl. and form a twJ*ty of this kind In or*
reeled at tha mllltln. but the evidence
showed nothing of the kind. Thn statement of 8»nre*M n*T!M-»M*. 'tho rt
marked lhat tlw» ij/.fend.inf mn«l M tin
1. W, W.; was ticld to warrant such M-
rrlmlnatlon as followed,
der to relieve (-a*** of dlslf-ess In th*
various c.itnpn. ntty cents a month
toirjirds this Institution cannot work
h.ird'h'i»3 on any pcraou, tUu*»*i»fi»i-»» l»l
Km try and do somethlnn for thn *«!•
far<- of our fellow workers. PAGE TWO  s
. "s
* v. *•
- --"--j; ■
• s st
. 1
...Life does not End with Death...
Persistence of Personality in Another
Sphere of Existence is Affirmed
•   by Noted British Scientist
BIRMINGHAM, Eng., Sept. 15.—
Speaking on the subject of "Continu-
uity of Life" tonight before the British
Association for the Advancement of
Science, Sir Oliver Lodge, president
of the association, touched upon the
question of life after death. Published forecasts of the address Intimated
startling statements.   >
Sir Oliver summarized his address
and in his own words the continuity
of life seems in danger of being lost
sight of.   ,
Another tendency he says is toward
comparative negative generalization's
from a limited point of view. Another
is to take refuge in the vague forms
of statement ■
Contends Against Statements
Another is to deny the existence of
anything which makes no appeal to organs of sense and no ready response
to laboratory experiment.
Against these tendencies the author
contends. He urges a belief in ultimate continuity of life aa essential to
science; he regards scientific concentration as an inadequate ibasis for philosophic' generalization; he believes
that obscure phenomena may be ex-
' * pressed if properly faced and he
points out that the non-appearance of
anything perfectly uniform and omnipresent is only what should be expected and is no argument against its
real substantial existence. '
In conclusion Sir Oliver touched
upon the,question of life after death.
He declared his' conviction that "occurrences now regarded as so occult
can be examined and reduced to order
by the methods of science carefully
■' and persistently applied," and that "already the facts so examined have convinced me that memory and affection
are not limited tb that association
with matter by which alone they can
manifest themselves here and now,
and that personality persists beyond
bodily death."  .
Sir Oliver further declared the "evi-
-rdence to-my-mind-goes to prove that
discarnate intelligence, under certain
conditions, may intract with us on the
material side,", and that "we may
hope to attain some understanding of
the nature of a larger, perhaps ethereal existence, and of the conditions
regulating .- intercourse ! across the
-In the course of his remarks leading
up to these interesting declarations,"
Sir Oliver said: ,.
Fundamental  Skepticism
"Eliminating from our view, as is
always necessary, a great mass of hu-
.nian activity and limiting ourselves to
alone; let us ask what, in the main, is
- the ' characteristic   of the promising,
though' perturbing,  period,  in which
we live.
Different persons would give differ
ent answers, but the answer I venture
to give is—rapid" progress, combined
with fundamental skepticism."
"With the realization of predicted
ether waves in 1888, the discovery of
X-rays in 1895, spontaneous radio- activity in 1896, and the,isolation of the
electron in 1898} execution of further
achievement became vivid, and novelties, experimental, theoretical and
speculative, have been showered upon
us ever since this century began. That
is why I speak of rapid progress." v
Sir Oliver explained by fundamental
skepticism that be did not mean the
"well worn and almost antique theme
of theological skepticism"—that controversy was practically in abeyance
just now.
"In physiology the conflict ranges
round vitalism," he said., "In chemistry the debate concerns atomic structure. In biology, the dispute Js on
the laws of Inheritance. In economic
and political science or sociology,
what is there that is not under discussion? In the vast group of mathematical and physical sciences, present-day,
criticism concerns what, if I had to express it in one word, I should call it,
Science's Generalizations"
"Philosophers have begun' to question some of the larger generalizations
pf science. .Not philosophers only, but
by scientific*! men also, and ancient
postulates are being pulled up by the
"In most parts or physics, simplicity
has sooner or later to give place to
complexity, though certainly I urge
that .the simple, laws were true. The
law is not really disobeyed, but is
modified through the. action of a
known additional cause. Hence it is
in tbe direction of progress.
"If we had ,to summarize the main
trend of physical controversy at present, I feel inclined to urge that it
largely turns on the question as to
which way ultimate victory lies \a. the
fight between continuity and discontinuity."
Sir Oliver then discussed atomic
theory at length, which he. said "might
be "expressedas an" invasion "of "matter
into unsuspected regions," and also
the controversial .topic on the principle of relativity '
"If that principle establishes itself,"
lie said, ,','it would seem as if even
time would become discontinuous and
be supplied in atoms, as money is dol-'
ed out in pence or centimes instead of
continuously, in which case our.customary existence will turn out to be
no more really continuous than the
events on a cinematograph screen—,
while that great agent of continuity,
the ether of space, will be relegated to
the museum of historical curiosities."
■■:**i : -~,-"'>;-.-■:-'. S, V
:    .   ';•■$- •' ■_ --.-,     ' -y .... .
"I.  "   *:, &  *-":
*■'-,-.-X '
S..--J-'   i
** i A ■
**.' *ii "
Ether Experiments
Sir Oliver then discussed at length
tlie difficulties that He in experiments
on the ether aiid the results to date.
"The ether of space," he said, "is at
least the great engine of • continuity.
It may be', much more, fpr without it
there could hardly be a material universe at all," '' '
Attacking the school of arbitrary
scientists who attempt to account for
all things by precise scientific- laws,
he said: , ,   ' -
, "But if' we have learned from science that evolution ls real, we have
learned a great deal.'
"That evolution progress is real is a
dootrine of profound significance and
our efforts at social betterment are
justified .because we are a part'oj the
scheme, a part that has become conscious, a part that realizes, dimly at
any rate, what it is doing, and what
it is aiming at
"Either we are- Immortal beings or
we are not. We may not know our
destiny, but we must have a destiny
of some sort. Those who make denials are just as likely to be wrong as
those who make assertions; In fact,'
denials are assertions thrown into negative form. Science may not be able
to reveal human destiny, but It certainly should not obscure it.
Posterity Will Detect
Things are as they are, whether we
find 'them out or not, aud if we make
rash and false statements posterity
will detect us—if posterity ever 'troubles its head about us.. I am not one
of those who think that the methods
of science are so limited in their
scope as has been thought; that the
psychic region can be studied and
brought under law, too. Allow us anyhow to make that law. This is not
the place -to discuss I the denials, but I
cannot help remembering that any utterance from this chair is no ephemeral productiojjp for it remains to be
criticised'by generations whose coming must inevitably be fuller and wider 'than our own,
"In justice to myself and my coworkers, I must not only leave on re-
"cord our conviction that occurrences
now regarded, as occult can be examined by the methods of science, but by
going farther and saying that already
the. facts so examined have convinced
me that memory and affection are
not limited to that association with
matters by which alone .they 'can manifest" themselves here and now, that
personality persists beyond bodily
death.    *■>. ' '
The Evidence of It
"The evidence, to my mind, goes to
prove, that in the incarnate intelligence under certain conditions may
interact with us on the material side,
thus indirectly coming within our scientific ken, and that gradually we
may hope "to attain' some understand-
ing of the nature of _ajarger and_p_er-
"haps efhereafexistence- and of-the
conditions regulating intercourse
across the chasm. A body of responsible investigators has "even now'landed on the treacherous but' promising
shore of a new continent. ■
"There , was'no' place the miners
could jmeet on the creek, was there?"
Davis was asked.
"There .was*.no place for'them to
hold a United Mine Workers' meeting," he retorted.
"And, if they wanted to trade at
any other store than the company
stores, some of the miners would have
to travel ten miles before they could
get out of the company land and reach
an independent-store, wouldn't they?"
' "Yes, that's so."—U. M. W. A. Journal. ,
W. Virginia Workmen s
Compensation Law
In a circular sent out hy the West
Virginia Public Service Commission it
is said:
On the 2Jst day of February, 1913,
the West Virginia legislature cimctod
a new Ihw known as tho workmen's
compensation act, which- net wont In-
to offect Mny 22, and which Is to become operative October 1, This law
ls similar In principle to acts'1 passed
by several other States—Ohio and
Washington In particular—nnd Is administered by tlio Public Service Commission, which couunlHsloii wns nlso
ci-i-ali'd by tlio s.imo luKlHl.Uuroi
As thia new law nffurta practically
evt.-i-y i-mployiM- of labor In this Statu
II Ih tho oariio.Ht doslro ol' the commission lo koi a copy of the name in the -
hands ol' all  mich oiiiploycr-H,  to the j
ond Hint ihoy may protoct ihi-niHolvoH )
by pitying lino the fund, and at  tho
minio llino secure tin- bfnofUs of the
act for t Iif Ii- omplovpPH.
,  Tlm principle!* of thin act were held
coiiKtltutloniil by tho Buprcmo court In
At _ •
WW1 ffl li wliT IIIif
4*111 m u iii t/itm
Only  High   Grade
ku|>i ... *»*U>v.k. Sittittr
faction Guaranteed.
Hardware Furniture
[Fernie,      B. C.
a decision In 1011, which said—speaking of the Washington compensation
law—"tlint the act violates no provision of either State or Federal constitution."   " '
This net provides certain prompt financial aid and relief lo tho Injured
workman, and his family; or, in caso
of fatal necident, to his widow, children or other dependents, as the case
mny bo. Jt does away entirely with
tlio unsatisfactory,suits for injury between the employer and ompjoyeo.
W« submit for your careful consideration and compensation tho following "flgui-PH.   taken   from   "lloyd   on
Workmen's Compensation," Thoso figures nro approximate:
Tho fii-Hi j-ear'H operation of
Uio workmen's' compensation act in the Stato of
Washington shows n premium Income of nearly . $1,000,000
Paid lo workmen or benofl-
elm-Inn         ■H,',(UK)
j Surplus and reserve   $  r>,".",iM)t>
Ifeioi'u litis law went into eftect in
Washington, under tho casualty Hy*
fern, the liability companies collected
in prcniliiniH—
From uiumil'tictiirpi-H  jitoo.ooo
Paid    to    Injured    workmen
(noiirly)       100,000
Dlfforonoo   ?r,oo,ooo
Compare this also:
The ovpoimn to tlio Hluto of
Washington r()r nilmlnlHtor-
lug thut *l.uiio.OOO was ... $108,000
The expense to the liability
company for hnudlliig tho
$(100,000 was, approximately      IIOO.OOI)
Ih there anything wo e.-m nay that
will Hponlt louder thnn Uioho tlguros?
A vory Important foaturo to tho employer Ih to be itHHiirod that ho will
not bo hnrtiHHfld by oxponulvo Iltlga..
tion nnd  possible financial  rnln by
...4,tit,    .^u,i.Uiiiul    *.IUtHttmlt.   tUt    Udi-U.ljb v,
More Important M\\\ to tbe rorhln
knowlndgn of workmen nnd thoir fit in-
llloa that, In caso^of ticcldont to tho
provider Cor the family Jn tho courae
of lilu regular onpiloymont, prompt
niodlcul aid will ho furnished—hos-
pita) and -tium it iiece-siary—"nd tin
Ineomo whilo the employee It una bio
to attend to nil duties naceimnry to hia
work; and, what the writer consider*
•till more Important than all thl* la
the certain knowledge that our State
•ntiorltles, by meant of carrying on
thn iWmin-uftK of thu workmen'* com*
ponwtlon fund, will como In mich
cloao contact ..wllli tU'u cmm* uf i»nu>
tically overy accident occurring with*
in the 8Ute, will take slept to prevent
a recurrence of muh accident*, most
of which are caused by lack of know*
led*« of the danger on th* part of
hoth employer and employed connect'
ed with the work in wliich they are
This is a great work. Let„us unite
in doing.what we can to help promote
its success.
All employers who have not already
done so arc requested to communicate
with tho commission. Address all
communications to the Public Service
Commission, Workmen's Compensation Kuiul, Charleston, .W: Vn.—Tho
Coal and Coko Operator.-
Senate Commltteo Hears Men Had to
Travel Ten Miles to Reach Independents—Operators Defend Guard
Washington, Sept. H.
M, T. Davis, president of the Paint
Creek Consolidated Coal Company, today, buforo the Sena to Investigating
committee, defended tho guard system
UM'd by tho West Virginia operators
lo Intimidate tliolr miners, To declared that tho oporators considered
as "undOHlrnblofi" labor agitators and
organlzorH, and thnt thoy nd'ntsed employment to any minor actively affiliated with tho United Mino Workers,
On quoB-tloiiH from mombors of tho
committor1, IVivIs also ndinPt-nd lhal
minors wero compelled io go Ion miles
to mako purchased If they wished to
.buy at stores other than ihose owned
by tho coal companies.    **
Tho mino probe was resumed aftor
ii Ioiik rufiuBH. In addition to, Duvls,
his bom, Ira l-\ Davis, testified, Hoth
woro put through a thorough grilling
nu to conilllloiiH along i'alnt and Cabin
Croekn during thn strlko, whon uiln-
orn wero evicted from ihelr homos
'nwnotl hy I ho oporntiirH, burred from
holding mo^tlngs and ninny worn shot
down by initio guards employed by iim
Blnmei Union for Trouble
Tho oldor Ditvln doclnrod that the
attempts of the United Mine Workera'
agents to como Into tho district mid
uttloiilzo thn minora rniiKod tho strikes
which lod lo tho prosont Investigation,
nnd ho pictured hcoiioh of contomlmont
nnd prosperity among tho miners bo-
By Joseph E. Cohen
The world we live in is one of minority rule.
A class wh'o are but a small minority of the" people rule the rest. The
ideas held by this minority of the nation sway the nation's thought.
We are used to minority rule.
. Not only have we taken the ideas
of the minority to be the ideas of the
whole people; we quite naturally listen to one man's opinions and fall into the habit of thinking that this
man's opinions are the opinions of a
great many.
This fact has been an obstacle to
overcome in our task of making the
masses think for themselves and act
for themselves; But this fact is also
an asset for the cause of Socialism,
an advantage for our propaganda.
It means that by uniting our members and jdining our forces we who
are now in the minority can start currents of - thought going which will
sweep enough converts into our side
of our progress to carry us on to victory.
It means that we who are but a
handful can match the class ,who oppose Socialism, .because they, too, are
only a handful.
If only we move as a unit!
This we must and ,will do.
Let us see why.
° We shall see why we come to realize what little organization, what lit-
tl-o .loyalty here is in the camp of
those who are ' holding the road
against us. -_,-     , •
Iln 1905 the so-called "reform" wave
began ■" sweeping the country. The
Philadelphia North American, which
is the leading organ of the "progressive" movement, thought it was a
good opportunity to start a permanent "party to 'combat the""Socialist
The North, American called for donations of a dollar each for its' cause
of "reform."-
Eleven dollars were contributed,
and the basket was dropped.
■More" recently the North American
tried : to organize a Progressive
League, with dues-paying membership,-like the Socialist p'arty. Certificates of membership were printed.
Bu't«the organization never existed except on ^ paper.        ''
Now the North American is trying
to 'raise funds for Judge_LLiqdisayX
campaign iii Denver. The North Am"
erican with its circulation of about
a million has not raised anything like
the amount the Socialist party- of
Pennsylvania, with its membership of
say,  say seven .thausan*^,. raised for
the flloyer-IHaywobd fight, also,in.Colorado. . ■' •', x , ■ x sf. . .
.. • -. . . <■■"-> "■-,{- '-
Dq you see the'"difference between'
the so-called "reformers'* and the'Socialises?    ,---■'' ;   v'   f.   '  .*   ■;
Have you ever .had' a ^doubt, about
the weight Socialist'.idfeas carry evpri
now?  ',        . A •* . s_9       .
Just one more illustration about
Pennsylvania: ;In the coal strike'of
1902 a few*Socialists in Philadelphia,
so few as to make one smile to think
of it, organized a "bread fund" for the
miners and sent about $15,000 up-the
state. ■''"':      :
Now, can there be any doubt as to
what the Socialist party; cah and does
As few as we arenas little actual
governmental power as we]wield, we
are already a force that is changing
the make-up of this nation. "
And now we are one hundred thousand strong. ,"
One hundred thousand strong, with
one important lesson to learn—to
make our one * hundred' thousand act
as one man.
Socialism means solidarity, sohe-
sion, the collective way of taking care
of our bread and butter question
We can reach Socialism only as we
are united in our parly, with a common- platform and purpose.
An army of one hundred thousand
strong cannot all have the same ideas.
Yet one Idea they can, all have, and
that is to differ among ourselves only
when we discuss the most effective
tactics to use, and then to march as
one man when-the party has its decision.
When .our one hundred thousand
agree upon this; fundamental' point,
then the weight of the Socialist ideas
held' by the hundred thousand will
readily.add another hundred thousand
to our list. X "
This , is'something we can do" and
which we will do.
It is what organization consists of.
And-we must have it.—Party Builder.
i Risen From the Ranks
-.-.-r -.-. - -.   -.-_- Pittsburgh,-- Pa.-'--
Josepb G. Armstrong, candidate for
mayor of .Pittsburgh, comes from the
ranks of the common people. jHe was
born on the North Side, but in his infancy his family moved to the South
Side and Ulr. Armstrong has ma.de his
home south of the Sfonongahela river
ever since. He is married and has
five interesting, children.
Mr. Armstrong bas always been an
advocate of union labor. As a glass
, blower he became identified with the
glass blowers', union and stilr holds a
card in that organization. He also
Laibor, and served on all committees
of Local 300.. He. also served as one
of the trustees of the Knights' of
Labor property in Washington, and
was delegate to many national conven-'
tions of the organization.
Labor the Life
of the Human Race
Kf*     »•«>.
«*/^lw«t|V< *
The voiwpi'-r Tlnvto *<nid thM bto
company aimed to mnko a reaHonnhln
profit on oach department, Including
the routing ot houses to minora, but
declared In roi'ppmo to n quettlon
from Sonator Konyon that no profit
t*nb tiHiunii irutii luttuu.rti utirttnieuv oi
miners and their families.
Lawyer Defendi Guard System
Attorney Knight, foi' tho operators,
taking the stand himself, told of advising tho operators tnat thoy hod tho
right to evict thn striking miners from
Ut« company hou»e» without Kolng
Into the courts, and defended that ad-
Davis denied that guards were
placed to prevent tho mines being
unionised, but testified he had Riven
Instruction* that no manners should
ba permitted io como up the creek
without hia knowing their business.
(By Eugene,V. Debo)
The emancipation of labor Js esson-
tlul to tho freedom of humanity. The
struggle for freedom, Is tho history of
■the race; the fruit of the struggle, tho
dovolopment of man. The civilization
of Egypt, Persia, Dnbylon,' Rome,
Greece, Assyria and other ancient nations, nntl the royal rob'bers ami privileges parasites that ruled over them,
had their day nnd passed away with
tho wretched slavoR who built tho pyramids nnd obelisks along tlio tracks
of the early centuries ot tho rnco. The
feudal nations nnd medieval Europe,
whoso lords and nobles Inherited nil
tlio vicious and heartless characteristics of tho an droit ruling class, ospe-
dally thoir parasitic disdain and
brutal contempt for their outraged
slaves, have followed In tho wake of
! tliolr predecessors, and nothing remains but iho momory or their bloody
rolgn~iho .midnight horrors of history, Tho working class may bo rob-
bod, trampled on, crushed, broken, sa.
hrott, Imprisoned, shot full of jagged
wounds, "poor dumb mouths" to bear
witness to tlio crimes it has huffeivd,
but Its majestic march continues toward tho siinrlsp.. Tlio miiHtor and
slave, tho lord and the acrf of past
iihoh, nro gono, nnd tho capitalists nnd
wago workers of our day must follow
Ihem. It Ih Uio historic mission or la-
hor to froo tho liumnii raco, To froo
Itsolf Is to free ihnnklud, Labor Is
Hfo. Bocloty would perish without tho
working clttss, Thn dogron of lnhor't*
servitude Ih tho dogroo of hocioty's
tribulations, dofoat nnd ahnmo. Thoro
etui ho no morals livnny soelely bused
upon tho exploitation nnd consequent
misery or tho'class whoso labor supports thnt society. Thoro can bo no
freedom whilo workera nro In fetters,
Wngo servitude Is fatal ovon to tho
true freedom of Its moBt favored capitalistic beneficiaries. Thoy may bo
 i> »i  i    I.,      ,. ■ ■ i■ i  .
 <**.<9        ',....       *)!,^/.U       *M.«M      VUtl*.,,       t^Ufc
I thoy nre unt free. Tbey pnn'wM never
thn ties that hind them to their alavos
and soar alone Into tho realms of
freedom. It Is written In the .moral
Iuw with "Iron i^on In the lead and
rock forever" that whosoever enslaves
ins itsttow mini torges tetters lor -hitii-
self, When labor Is emancipated, humanity will draw Ita first full and vitalizing breath of freedom. Wo are
now In tho transition period between
Individualism and collectivism; between brutality and brotherhood..
Wealth win bo for nil; so easily obtained honestly that there will be na
Iiicci.t-.vu lu t-Uciil; ami mi ulnu*>iUuU>
that poverty will disappear; and ig-
norance, disease and crime will follow
In their order. Profits and wages produce palace* for parasites and work-
houses for workers. An awakening
proletariat U pulsing with solidarity
nnd turning Its eyes toward tho sunrise., Scarred and seamed, are its
rough and hardened features, and
grim Its determination, hut, no just
mnn on earth need fear it, It has
suffered n million crimes, but Is animated by no spirit of rovonge. Its
mission of emancipation Is darkened
by no shadow of contemplated Injury
or injustice to its conquered enemy.
It conquers that enemy, but to froo
thnt enemy: nnd a victorious proletariat will I'olohrute the potice of the
Tho maximum wago was Invented In
England long before the minimum waa
thought of, It camo about aftor thn
plamio of KUS had swept nwny half
the population, Work wns nt n stnnd
still for want or workers, and wngos
wont up so enormously that the Stato
llinuiflit It necessary to fix a limit
Tho Stato did moro'; it ordered tlint
Iho laborer should not merely nocoiit
gratefully what wits offered lilm, but
tlmt ho must not leave his parish in
search of nnntlior muster ou prill) of
having tlio letter "l*"*~for fugitive—
branded upon his forehead, fttntutos
ef this kind woro popular up to Eliza-
loth's tlmo, when tho Inst of tho mi-
rl'H wiih ptiHHod, "In tlio hopo thnt ll
Hhould banish IdleneHH, ndviinco Ini*
hnnilry and yield unto tho hired person, both In tho tlmo of HCiirolty nnd
In the time of plenty, a convenient
proportion of wagos."
In 1011 Canada imported from the
United Stntos conl, conl-dust nnd coko
to the monetary value of -¥40,07H,:iH!>,
nnd In KU2 to tho vnluo of $41,117*88(1,
During tho same years thoro wns Imported from Great Britain fuel to thej
valuo of $1(18.721 In 1011 and »Hrt.m>n
In 1P12. From all other countries the
i.iieuUaCt'oiu rtttu vtiiuud ul ib.iiti in
1011, and $339 lu ]<M2.
Fac-Similes qf Prof, Geo..A.'■ Garlow.
Bald at 26.*   . Restored Bit 30.     Still have ifc at 55
Young Mlin, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A NICH FUUCr HEALTHY head, of'hair on a clean and1 healthy seals tree -
from irrltatipn; -or a bald head and "a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, coipmonly called Dandxlitt, • ™, v,overeo <
SCALES ON THB SCALP or an Itchy Irritation Is positive proof your hair
and scalp Is In, a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the followIngParastlclal Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, euch as (Seborrhea, Sicca. Capitis, Tetter. Alopecia, or Excema)
and certain to, result ln absolute baldness unless cured before the irerm
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hatr Is absolutely - unnecessary*, 'and very unbecoming. ,
ALL DISEASES OF THE HAin fade away like dew. under my scientific
treatment, and I posltlely have the only, system of treatment so far
known to science .that Is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promotlng^new. growth. The.hatr can be fully) restored .
to Its natural thickness and vitality on all heads that still show fine hair
or fuzi to prove the roots are not dead." - ,
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment (WHITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full particulars. Enclose stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
permanent.                                              v           '               ,          .      •
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."    '
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
.*   '    i
"\  '
Cemetery Notice
Persons'wishing ,their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with the undersigned.
» Funeral Directors
Stephen TV Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery     .
BELLEVUE --, :    Alberta
John A. McDonald
iial Representative
Sun Life Assurance,Co. of CanaJa
Agent, . .„•**,
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
riionel20,' "   BLAIRMORE Box 22
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation In the'. Pass,—■
Up-to-Date — Every Convenience.-?-
Excellent Culslnc. '       '
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
$100 Reward, $100
The rnnrtM-* ttt tw» '«•>>*r„* *,.nt * r.
j.IhwwI io i,.„,-t, ui,,t there j* nt IciiM
one itren-tltd illieAie that science Iihh
been''able to eur* In alt ll« »<«*<•*, t*<*A
t mt l« Catarrh. Hatfg CMnrr-h Ctire In
the only ronl tlve imi re now known io
the tneitlml fraternity. Cfttnrrti bp»nB
n rnn*tltutlonal <ll»Ni»r. require* n con-
■lUtitlnnitl trMtnicnt. Ifnll't CiMarrh
Urn* l«i Iflkon Intornnllv, nctlntr rtlwict-
ly upon the blood tnd mutuoue •urfae>
*.'.'' 'If "'2 .w.'-'wt"uJ1' th*vcl.y lUMrurtnK
lh« CounrfU Ion o( the •■l-t-t,**, ami Blv-
Inir the patent etreniscth t>y bull-tini? im
Mi* /•Ai-MHriirirtn nn.T .mf.iflnj; initio,.* tit
AnliiK IU work. Tit*. pr<>r.Tfftnri« have
;« mneli faith in tu curative nowera
that tbey offer One Hundred Hollar*
for any ran* ttisl It fallt to c«r«-, pr-nd
for Hat or tMtlmonlal*.
AM'•>■*: R J. CHKNKV & CO.. Toledo, Oh I ft,
XftM hv all nrrjfRlrl*   JW.
Take Haifa Family i'llla for tdtmiU
Two Acres in
$3oo.oo or
«   %
M. A. Kastner
Real Estate and Insurance
Fernie, - B. C.
i* i
MHHfMJSkt+t*,-.  >-     ^*-*4«.*,»(*
wt<Wii ifriwrtf., awti'i mtutu A
*.     -. .*•■*..    ■ ■*    ! :   I"**- V*   ~.\,     -
j' j *■. j*.  - *~-i., .yj.. ^v... v ,^ * '-
-.    / •'.--..
■■/ ';'
. ':,■; Established April 1899
WholesaU; and Retail    TpbaCCOflist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
...Female Lair and Minimum Wage..,
.,    .1 M   - .
Great Northern
Train for south leaves Feraie, at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern and southern points, thro.ugh mainline trains < to 'Kansas City
and Chicago without change. ■-."■.
o' ' ' ' '
Connection with all lake and Atlantic, steamship lines. , ,       '
PHONE 161.    _    BOX_305.
The question is asked. We
answered: "Look around you
and see.-
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing ■ r	
—Are-you- aliv6*-tO"-„t*u*B—situa--
tion?   If you are we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit on.-'
As compared to later on.
.Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
Dirt Cheap.
fernib,:b. c
Mrs.S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan— Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50o. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
were tho FIRST PRIZE and the QOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Boenutethey aro THE BE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all tho time at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Managsr
Thomson & Morrison
The important thing on the earth Is
the human race, not individual profits.
. The women create the race; and the
welfare of women. and girls, their
health, their strength,' their vitality,
their virtue; transmitted to their.children, surpass'in importance all other
- Today under our methods of employment "and competition, the working,
.woman is the lower millstone ih a
grinding system of meanness, .cupidity
and heartless exploitation.
• Many animals are used by man as
beasts of burden—from the Asiatic elephant, the small llama of the Andes,
animals of all- kinds, the horse, the
ox, the mule, the ass, the camel, even
the ostrich' and the reindeer are made
into working slaves for men. Cheapest
of all among, the animals that man
harnesses and drives in his money-
making schemes is the human female.
Do you want a miserable slave to
stand on her'tired fe°t all day lor.g,
with aching backand tired heart, and
stretched nerves, for twelve oi more,
hours a day—hire a girl of sixteen.
You can hire her for less than it
actually costs to feed her if'you are a
good slave driver.
Do you want your office building
scrubbed night after night? Do you
want a human being on hands and
knees to spend the hours of darkness
every night, year in. and year out,
crawling across the cold stone floor,'
.in the wet, scrubbing, cleaning, head
bent, and face • white and worn—hire
some grey-haired' woman, who has
been left a widow with children, or
who is cursed with a sick or a dnink-
en husband. Such a woman you can
hire for $1 per night, if you know how
to go about it, and hbw to find the
mother made^desperate by h3r children's needs.
Dd you want swiftly-moving fingers,
keen eyesight, great agility, in your
canning factories—or in your making
of paper boxes or artificial flowers?
Hire little girls—you can get them
by the thousands for a few cents a
"day. "  ""   " '" •"
By bribing inspectors, or avoiding
inspectors, you can work these children from daylight until dark, working the mothers, too, - through the
same hours. " This is done; it pays,
and" the affidavits and the photographs
are on record;'showing the half-fed,
half-grown children .falling asleep
from exhaustion at their work, then
awakened and driven to give up the
last ounce of vitality -'by threats and
This is a fine world for the man
who.'.wants to make a fortune out of
X*\l!M, n_lfttrtlst l-aJl a hrtn—
The little "store and the big store,
the little tenement sweat shop, and
the sweat shop ln~the loft, and the
great sweating factory all compete,
and their competition turns upon the
question—How much labor can we extract' from the bodies of women and
girls, and how little money, how little
food and Test can they be-compelled
to accept in. return?
When merchants in the big city
need extra horses in their delivery department, they pay usually $1.75 per
day for the use of a horse, and they
must promise to take good care of it,
drive it slowly, and it must be driven
only so many miles and so many
Tho man who pays $1.75 for the
day's work of a horso pays fifty cents,
and often less, for the day's work of a
girl or woman. And the horse neertB
only a bed of straw, oats and liny, no
clothing'. You know what the woman
ought to have, although she does not.
get It.
More and more Uio women of tho
country are drawn Into the whirlpool
of Industry and commerce, half paid
and half fed.
•More nnd moro the vitality of the
mothora of tho next generation is
drained and diminished for the sake
of profit, t
Now every llttlo child put to work
boyond Its strength, every girl liar-
nessod to a machine run by electricity
nt high speed, every woman over-
Worked, underpaid and underfed represents a wonk mother, and ovory
weak mother moans wonk children
nnd n weaker generation to succeed
this on*
Tliu Htory linn been told lu ISnglund,
whoro ehlld lebor nnd ovorworhod underpaid fomnlo labor produced a gon-
orntlon no sickly and stunted thnt It
wns difficult to find recruits of Ui 3
proper nlzo even for na smnll nn army
ns tho English nrmy,
Aro wo going to hnvo in the United
States nnd In tho uIk cities n population llko thnt of tho Rn»t Wnd of L©n*
don, n Whltechnpel dlstrlct»„whoro the
womon lionr bnbles that nro called
"wnatera" children, tlint t|o Mklll cnn
wive from th<* grnvo In Infancy?
^ Aro wo to hnvo duplicates hero of
tlio mlnorahlo, hnSf.atnrvod nnd often
dognulml Nnglinh working girls, living
on n few HlilltlngA n week, keeping
tliolr bodies nnd nervous energy going
with ton, or with gin?
Var whnt wnn this ropuhllc e»t,nfo-
Wiib It to enrich a few merchant*
nntl tnr-iTMifnohirprfi nr »n« It tr* t*rfi*tin
a nntlon froo, strong nnd healthy, with
the womun powerful, good mothers,
the children healthy and nt play, nnd
th«> mon aWo to prote-d -ihe womon
nnd safeguard tho children In their
Funeral Directors
Fernie, B. C,
X^DMBAl   Afg-eflt*
Orders taken throufftiout th« Pass
WW  W*v<* r       >■*■«!» ^ S
Nothing regulates itself. Man has
hia intelligence in order that he~ may
regulate conditions and abolish brutality, and- compel justice.
•We make thousands of laws to protect the merchant and the manufacturer in their money making.
"Our.government attacks and punishes combinations and conspiracies
in restrain of" trade, because they hurt
the individual.'business man.
We forbid the railroads to practice
extortion an.d oppress the money-
making'shipper of goods through rebates.
-.We say that the passenger shall be
carried at' so much per mile, that the
thousand feet of gas shall be sold for
so many cents."
In- every direction, when money Js
involved.^ we make laws forbidding oppression, compelling fair prices, protecting industrial, commercial and
personal- rights. Shall we not also
make laws protecting women and girls
against the sharks and the shark-like
selfishness by which they are exploited and ground down?
No man denies that won.\t and
girls are-hired, forced by their poverty and helplessness, to work for wages
upon which they can not live.
Upon suoh wages, jiaid to hundreds
of thousands of. women, normal health
and strength can not be maintained. ,
-.The law would not permit a man to
underfeed a horse and gradually wear
him out. This would be prevented regardless of any argument as to competition. Cruelty being demonstrated,
the half-fed animal would be protected and the owner punished.
Cruelty exists, and heartless brutality exists, wherever a woman or girl
is put to work, paid less than it costs
her to live, or' worked beyond her
To overwork or starve a woman, to
drive girls to immoral lives, is crime,
and the law should prevent crime regardless, of "economic arguments and
laws."^.^- -=-*■-■..-..--., -    ---.*■- .—	
For years the matter has been left
haphazard to accident, to competition,
to individual selfishness, and for years
conditions have been getting worse.
' It is time for the public intelligence,
the public conscience and the public
power to protect women by law.
Every legislature in every State
should punish as' a felony the criminal
underpaying and overworking of women employees. .
Careful investigation, intelligent
and honest consideration of conditions
and cost,ot.Jiving'should underlie
sucirlegrslatlori, ofcourse.
Tn the cities, where rents and living
expenses are highest, the minimum,
that is tb say, the lowest, legal wage
should be higher than in the smaller
towns aud villages, where life's cost
■is less.-
' This would discourage the dreadful
crowding in great cities, the criminal
building of factories and sweat" shops
in narrow, sunless city streets. It
would scatter population and-counteract a great'evil of our day.
Do not imagine that any capable or
honest man, any useful industry or
business, would be injured by laws
giving just protection to women.
■That which is good fpr the whole
nation is^good for every honest citizen
in it.
Establish 'by law a minimum wage
for women, protect the children by
law against deadly child labor, and
you protect the well-meaning employer, the man with a conscience and "a
Forbid the exploitation of women,
the starving and underpaying of girls,
by ..miserable and heartless employers,
and you protect'the good employer,
since you protect the fair man against
heartless competition.
Many a man conducting a great business is filled with shame as he contemplates , his payroll. He has, .perhaps, one thousand women and girls
working for him, and he knows that
at least three-quarters of them are
shamefully underpaid, because they
are poor and disorganized. ''
,, But, he must pay what the otliers
pay or go out of business.
■He competes with other employers
in his ability to buy goods, in his
Knowledge of public taste,, in. his'power of organization- He competes also
in liis power to buy the life blood of
working women at the lowest possible price.
Laws that will protect the working
women against starvation wages will
protect honest employers. And, what
is far more important, such laws will
protect_the. coming generation and the
future of this country.
It will be said that men are underpaid also, that disorganized labor suffers, and that the wtoes and children
of the laborer suffer, in the competition of low wages.   That is true.
But one step at a time is man's way
of walking. And one step at a time is
the .government's way of lawmaking.
Protect the women and girls,' compel payment of decent wages, jail the
man who hires a girl or -woman^'for
less than It costs her to live decently,
or who works her so hard as to leave
Mayor     and     Commissioners     Hold
Lengthy Conference With '
\ii tj=uiX nes
of motherhood,' and you will have
made a good beginning.—Arthur Brisbane in Journal of Switchmen's Union.
New Prosecution of
Anthracite Companies
supply and demand to do with questions nff-Ktinu the welfare of a rnco?
Thoro wan a supply of slave* In tlxv,
South, and a «rent demand for ilium
In tho cotton field* and tho rloo
swamp* Hut thia country spent a million, livhi and. flvo thouuand million,
dollars to demonstrate the fact, that
«tipplv and Homnnil, nn ln»'%rj'r'''f-J,'f hy
brutal Hftinshnm, do uot rule, ulu-u
men are In earnest.
Whta »» aay fore that the Ja«L
•hould and will «y>mpet thit yaynnsit
of decent wage* to women we ara told
that we lienor* the law of "aupptr
MXil lUuitiitiul," itbd iixmk tbfe-Mt UitoK*
mutt regulate thamieirea.
It has been fully understood that
the present Attorney-General of the
United States, Mr. McReynolds, was
not satisfied with the outcome of the
different prosecutions of trusts under'
the Sherman law, holding that the decrees entered In the American Tobacco and other cases were lnndequate
to remedy the situation condemned ln
the decisions against tho combinations
which the government had attacked,
says Bradstreets, commenting on the
suits entored nt Philadelphia last
week, Rumors thnt the law depart-
mont might endeavor to reopen somo
of the cases havo beon circulated
slnco the new administration nssumed
office Inst March, though Intimations
to that effect havo never beon verified. It wns nlso known that the somewhat nogntlvo victory won by tho government In the suit to test the 'legality of tho nrrniigomoiits whereby tho
bulk of the nnthrnclto conl bUHlnoaa lu
centred undor tho control of n fow
railway carriers nluo fnllod to lmvo
the npprovnl of tlio present Incumbent
of tho nttornoy-gonornlHlilp. It wns,
thoroforo, not nltouothor n surprise
thnt n now milt by tho government
nfjalnBt tho nondlng Compnny and Itn
nfflllntod organIzntlons should hnvo
boon Instituted undor tho Sherman nn-
tl-tri!Bt law, tho action ltnvIng •boen
.commenced In tho Unltod Stntos DlBtrlct Court'at"'Philadelphia, •:.;".
Tho prnyor to tho court Is that the
control or*tho' Rending.tympany ovor
the Central Railroad,' of New Jersey
and other corporations be declared n
violation *or tho, inw In quostlon, such
ownership-or control bolng nllogod In
tho 1)111 to constitute n conspiracy. It
In further contended tlmt tlio Rending
Company should ho required to dli<
poso of tho,capital■»tock« of the controlled corporation* "to iwrsoiiH not
Its stockholders or agents, nor otherwise under Its control nnd Influence."
In this later clause there Is evident
of n -strong determination on the pfirt
of the government's'officer.to provide
In ndvanco of n decree for the conditions Whloh. In tho Itmtnnoo nf tht*
Union Pacific-Southern Pacific mor-
Kur, ciuihciI mo modi Uiituy und controversy, and which In the Tobacco and
Standard nil rnfot l<vl tn what, it I*
now urged, worn lnndequate provisions ngnlnst tho rontlnunnen of the
„, 11,.-,1.... .,.,,i,,. » ,..,(... .»     . ,
al indo|i«ndence for their constituent
It will ho smiled thnt the former
suit against the anthracite railway
compnnlflH Involved a general charge
of roniplracy among them. The courts
tw.\t.*l (m thi'- Rftvemivitni <,n uo
points, the lllogallty of the so-called
Go per ecu:., i-ontr-Kta with luduimud-
i>iit coal producer*, and the Illegality
of a Joint ownership *>y the dofondantt
of thn Temple Iron Company, which
had h««n apparently formed to head
off a new oomiwUtAr in th* anthrarU*
fields. Various points were left open
tn the torm*r 4-M.Utan, orm of them
being ths ownership of the Central
Railroad of Xew Jersey by the Reading, and the alleged violation of the
commodities clause of the inter-State
commerce act through the ownership
—direct or Indirect—of a major part
•f the coal they transported.
These points are tho main subject
of the present suit which the Attor-
ney-XJenerol has brought ngalnst the
Reading Compnny. This Is a holding
concern, owning nil the stocks of tho
Philadelphia & Rending Railroad Com-
pnny nnd tho Philadelphia & Rending
Conl & Iron Compnny, through which
It controls 50 per cent, of tho 'beat nn-
thrnclte coal floldo. Added to this nro
the possessions of tho Centrhl Railroad of Now Jersey and Its subsidiary,
tho Lehigh & Wllkos-Rnrro Conl Compnny, whilo the Lohlgh Coal & Navl-
Ration Company Is In complete alliance with the system. Through thoso
ownerships and arrangements tho
Heading Compnny nnd tho nfflllntod
concerns hold about mi por cont. of
the immlnod anthracite deponltB ln
tho Pennsylvania regions, while in
lf»13 tho shipments over their lines
constituted «:i,32 per cont. of the total
output ot hard tuul. Tliu prtiHoiil action will tost the legality of tlm con-
trol which tho Rending oxoroiKon ovor
suehn lnrgo proportion of n staple ne-
cossnry, and, In th6 vlow of the gov-
orumont'B representatives, will. If
their contentions nre .■■uphold, lend to
n restoration of.1 competitive conill
tlona.™The Conl nnd Coke Operator.
8liorlff-8iil)HtItiilo Uniiihorstoii Iiiih
given Judgment nt* Dumronnlliio lu a
case which, although It won on tho
Smnll YXfiU Roll, rald*a a point of im-
portnnco lo the mlnln« community,
raising, us It did, » question.ns lo the
liability of conlownor* for the tools of
workmen .while tin? tools are In tho
cuntody of the employers for the pur-
pose'of being sliarp-em-id. In Fife It la
tho practically universal custom for
tittj «-w»«<«*rtl4«-ii» ill U(<..U(.IM! {lie hfj.trjl-
mini- t.f tin* «'»c.1:x V.iuW ijjr "C«J
Mlnon Aot. toil, It la provided tlmt
workmen, and tools or ether materials
shall not ascend or demcend In the
same cage, Accordingly the workmen.
Inutoa-l of taklnK thoir lool« in -th*
vnrithy at tlm plthend, ns ihoy formerly did." loflvo thorn nt tho pit bottom,
where thoy receive thorn after they
are sharpened. Four drills and a coppor cleaner woro loft hy a miner In a
hutch provided for the purpose at the
pit-bottom. Thoffo toiili woiU amiss-
Ing nnd the pursuer sought to recover
the value, of thorn. In framing deeree
of inn. tho sum Rin-.i ior. %lth expenses, tho Sheriff >aid th.i? if a person takes Ihe vrwmy of .ir.MVr wr-
son and nndortako.-t to do work upon
It. it I* his duty «o rft.irti xh,- aitloio
wShtrh has hn-?, r*f;.>:l,',f.. .-.r.-l \t ho
falls to return It, It!«Iii.#>»■■**.■* h-,** Ann'
to make recompens* for hit f.ii:urc.--
Science and Art of Minim*
EDMONTON, Sept. 16—Following
the demand of the street railwaymen
and motormen for a new agreement,
delegates met with the mayor and the
city commissioner in the council
chamber yesterday afternoon, and for
over three hours the question of the
agreement'was a much discussed,matter. The street railwaymen, who
represented by President Clarke,.Vice
President Campbell, and Secretary
Farmillo, of the Trades and Labor
Council, refused to allow anyone else
in at the meeting except those, directly concerned, and consequently the
newspaper men had to retire.
There were three points that the
commissioners could not agree to and
these were:
1. The recognition of the union.'
2. The question of seniority of employees.
3. The training of new men, and
the preference to be given Edmonton
men In filling vacant positions.
There was considerable difficulty in
getting by the clause that stated:
"This agreement shall be made between the City of Edmonton and Local
569, Street Rallwaymen's Association," The1 words "Local 569" proved
the sticker. The superintendent had
said Mie would only sign an agreement with every motormnu and conductor, but not with any union. At
first the mayor and commissioners
held this view, but finally thc mayor
favored the agreement being signed
with the union if a clause were inserted that the employing of nonunion men should not be barred, This
was in order to avoid any closed shop.
At the conference, President Clarke
stated that the talk of a strike had not
been official, and that any strike'talk
must come from some irresponsible
ally-low in moisture. It should be'a-
good steam coal. It makes a strong,
compact and coherent coke.
The former owners were Hon. Colin
H. Campbell, W. L. Parrish, J. W.
Brown, C. Brown and D. H. .McDonald
of" Winnipeg, and J..T. Johnston and
D. Donald of Vancouver.
Farm   Life
and   Health
Many farmers never send for a. doctor from ono ycar'3' end to another.
Eut this is not'a sure Indication that
they and their families are perfectly
You—for instance—may not have had
the doctor for years. Yet it is safe to
sy.y that you DON'T always fed fit
and well. Many days ln the year you
don't feel like working. You "may not
have to stay in bed but you DO>?'T
feel just "right."
That   miserable    -feeling   is  usually1
caused by Indigestion,   Dyspepsia,   or
You would ■ welcome relief if you
could get it—wouldn't you? Well, you
can get .relief—any time you need it —
quick and positive relief. Take 15 drops
of Mother, Seigel's Curative Syrup —
the great English remedy for ALL
stomach disorders. It will set your
stomach RIGHT and KEEP it right.
It's almost purely herbal—Nature's own
remedy for s'ck stomachs. It has been
used in England for ovor 40 ye'ars.
Thero it is ,the Standard remedy for
weak digestions.
Get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup.
Tako lit regularly. Then -note the improvement in your health.
Price, $1.00.
For sale by
Trial size, 50c.
Will  Be Great Citizens' Benefit Says
Hon.L. P. Pelletier at Winnipeg..
(WINNIPEG, Sept. 16.—Hon. L. ,p.
Pelletier, postmaster general of Canada, announced today that when the
parcel post service was established in
Canada on January 1, it would extend
to every part of the Dominion from
east to west. There would be no half
"The service," he said, "will follow
the plans brought forward at Ottawa,
and the different provinces  will  be
used as zones." '
"Will the line of the Canadian service in any way" resemble those of
"No, it will ben - entirely different.
The difference in the distance to be
travelled here .renders it'impossible
for us to run on English lines.
"The savings to private citizens
here," the postmaster continued, "will
be enormous, the rate, of course, being much less than a$ present but the
expense to the country will be largely
Increased. It will certainly be a
great citizens' benefit."
Mr. Pelletier added that when the
service was established, care, would
he taken to have the organization as
much up to date as possible and
therefore ensure smooth running,
"It Is now bIx years since I took
such an extended trip through the
country and I am simply amazed nt
the wonderful growth of Its cities nnd
«=■ SEPT. 15 TO 21 1913 =—--
SEPT. 1515 21.1913
Vancouver Men Take Over Well*
known Property from Winnipeg
Men—Deal for $1,750,000 Includes
Nearly All Coal In the Tulameen.
A large mining deal wns nnnouiicoil
todny lu tho buIo by the Winnipeg
ownors to a Vancouver syndicate of
the Columbia Conl & Coko Cowpnriy's
mines nnd townslto at Conlmont, B. C,
for approximately $1,750,000. The
properly Iiiih been under development
for the pnst three yenrs, nnd hns do-
ponded on shipping facilities for con-
nectlons with the Grout Northern
Hall wny, which hns run n wpur of 1,1
iiiIIoh In length from Princeton to tho
mine, Tho property IneludOH prnrtl-
cnlly nil tho known conl in the Tnln*
meon IjiihIii, which has mi urea, nc*
cordlnm to. Charles Cnmsoll of tho
Geological Survey, of 3700 ncros, of
which 3251 acres carry coal. Mr. Cnin-
sell estimated the thlcldiess of conl
nt 20 feet, Included lir'several seams,
and riwo nn eatlmnted nmount of
05,000,000 tons tlmt could |ie extracted by mliilni?.
Nearly a Wile i»f development work
tins been done In [he wny of, tunnel-
Ihk, drifting, mining nml cuts, Tho
townslto has been built up, a sawmill
.Intttnlled nnd plant and equipment'prodded'tor. It Ib the Intention of.the
now compnny, ns noon ns the (.rent
Northern nnd .\lldwny-nope■section of
'tho (X IV K, aj'Ktnm nr* eomploU'd, lo
mnko ii "speelnlty of tho Vnneoiiwr
market for this coal.* The Geological
t*„,„.-, ,.   , i*,..;..!l'i.      in <|   '      i ..■
twn Mr. fnffl-1!'!! rf'TMrV'* '\v,A frrmi
thn nnn!y«0R the ronl reM-mblos Home"
of the Virginia fields, nnd ^ompn'rea
favorably with some I'ennaylvanln
coals. There..la no doubt that It lu n
suwrlnr rivtl «»« >*n*m».'n-i.i» h-hi. r;.tt.(■«
coala of gimitur K<>oIo«U'al t->K<v, and
Mr, Citmaell aceotmta for its hl«h
quality either hy presaure or proximity to the volcanic rocka overtyfnii It.
The coal wriest from 19 to f.C per
cent, fined earhen; 31 to in percent,
volatile eonvbuatiMe matter;,. 3 to 1.1
per eeht. a»h: S to |.» per eent moi*-
Urn-, it will thux U* wen ihat It I*
high In a(|h~ci condition that can be
Improved hy * «-»h!nK- hut '■■xt-t-ptlzh*
International Polo
Daily Oama* between Canadian
and Atntrican Team* *. .
$35,000 in Premiums &
'  Competition open to the World
The First National
Indian Congress
Approved by U, S, Government
72-d SenfortK Highlanders Band
$500Cn8hPrizcsfbrBottor Babies
"Custer's Last FifeUt" Nightly
A thrilling reproduction of tWiftmou*
battlo with 500 .Indians and 200 Soldiers
Fireworks Display Evory Ni&Ht
Individual Farm Exhibit Prizes
$20,000 Race Program
Seven Ruee* Daily
Poultrymen'iMcotinfe Wednesday
Dairytnon's Moetinft Thursday
Broadsword Bnttleson Horsobaclc
C For ilhutratod Dally Program and
Premium Lilt, eddreu 30) Chamber of
Commerce Building u Spoktne.'Waili.
:*t* family rtmtAf   to**   Cut**  »*4 C«I4«
»hUi» imu ••>  milt   »r,d t'.**  *"i mnOit
(Ur *ut>plU-4 with Um  l**t Wine*,
l.u.juui» .tml i;»K'»i»
Prip b:A^«5'
•mmmmmmmmmmmim _——-i^^—
w mil A!■> mh iii-r.«m.iftnnwiii ■■■"■■-     " n -t - -r i—"irn-ny :■>!>»< ^in~.«i**^nTft*lrnn!<5l^^
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;ft "
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It.*  it
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'XyA "AAAx ; A
7 ...7'-* *": .''•    '■>
,, -*.*.<,-■,.
':."'    ,*-   , .''* - 'S' '   Sy -X} "VSoi-r.'.,#;-!:,'■.-.    X^.'i    =.   *' S *'.':     y X' '.' *■
"    .'t
■- '.   '*;
©lie EhAtid £tb##t
1 , Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.. Subscription; $1.00
per year in advance. . An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM   Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
<UNIONi    *"^^"
Tlie law! In the name or law and order! The
maintenance of peace!' Upholding the dignity of
the law! These are but a few of the many cxpres
sion used to justify the action of the Attorney Gen
eral in his attempt to force thc mine workers of
Vancouver Island to submit to conditions in direct
contravention of the law which, in his hypocrisy
and cant, lie pretends to uphold! The rights of
citizens shall be respected! What citizens' rights
do the 175 men in jail at Nanaimo possess ? This
morning we have received a telegram from Prank
Farrington stating that "men are being arrested
for peaceful picketing . . . trial a travesty of
justice." °
"To obtain accurate information of what is happening on the Island from any but'a union source
is impossible. This niueli we are sure of, however,
lhat tlie legal status of the mine workers has received absolutely no consideration; he-is not credited'witli being entitled to as much consideration
as the "heathen Chinese." The legal fraternity, as
is usual, welcome condition's such as at present prevail—to them it means, to put it vulgarly, "pickings." ,- ■
The legal profession, which is a relic of the days
". when men were not sufficiently,, educated to read
and understand the Decalogue, has 'found it neces-
■ sary, witli the progress of education,' to so manipulate and distort legal jargon -that as things stand
^.lawyers over one sentence, or word, for that matter; as there is between Ulster-and Dublin. While
we have laws which require half the legal profession to interpret and the other half to refute."
The Magna Charta, described by Ilallan as the
"Keystone of England's liberty," in one of its
sentences states "That justice shall not be bought
or sold!" We1 fear' thc historian and the franters
■ of the "first rights of mah" would receive a very
bad shock did tliey awake and witness the daily
prostitution of the law and tlie mental'gymnnstics
of its parasitical hangers on..
When the Attorney General gets off his frothy
■ inouthings nbout law and order, iL may bc taken as
indicative of the vaporings of his clan. The legal
profession today does not live by interpreting the
Jaw, and securing justice; it is absurd to'suggest
siieha thing, and any honest lawyer (observe, wc
admit the possibility) will tell you'tliis—it owes its
existence and perpetuation to "cases and costs."
This should not bo taken as an attack upon individuals, certainly not. The lawyer has to live, to
dn this ho has to do many things that from an ethical viewpoint arc questionable—or some call them
dirty; Imt remember, tlio scavenger nlso has lo perform this class of work metaphorically speaking.
Whon the worker is forced to socle redress in the
civil courts, he speedily becomes acquainted with
tlio methods of justice nnd its limilntions as fnr as
ho is concerned; ho renlizes that the men who nre
judging today may lie Uie very individual who
prosecuted him yesterday, Tf tlio worker has n
jmivro. of Huffioicnt length ho may succeed in drag-
King llm mailer out and help feed thu satellites of
law who owe their oxi-HluniM! io his inability to ob-
till ii the redress from laws enacted for his ben-
Oceasiiinnlly—liut horo il is vory often so—
lm may engage in litigation for coiupeii.snlioi); he
Iiiik lo flpond money to obtain tlie miserable pit-
tmicc thnt legislation hns declared is his when mangled and maimed ho is east upon the scrap heap.
Or, worse Ht ill, the widow may have to fight powerful itmuraiieo corporations to secure the enmpeii.
nation! To save licri»clf and her children from becoming a public charge and enduring the stigma
of pauperism, she will bo compelled lo sue in Ihe
civil courlH—lo invoke Ihe law to interpret the law
—■aiid the parasites thrive on these anomalies.
T-jqt. us bring out a ease in point wliich will serve
vury eloquently ,to illustrate the individual or citi-
jmiii rights tlmt the worker possesses when ho at-
tempts to oppose capital and the assistance the pet-
ty liourjeoise are ready at all times tn render.
The facts in brief arc:—
tin W.'iiriiary 22iiii ih.n1 a Htriitc was ilcclarcil uy
Uie miners at tho Queen Mine, Sheep Creek, in the
District of Ymir, and the men slopped work. A
scale of wages lind been submitted to tho member-
slap of District No. fl of the Wostorn Federation of
Ulinerfl hint year tuul thfa ivalo. wan adopted by all
tlio local unions in the Distriot who bad not already
been pnid the scale. When this scale wns submittal to thn mine operators in the Ymir District it
wns accepted by practically every operator excepting the Queen Mine, tbe latter refused to consider
the neftle.   A Hoard «»f Conciliation was asked for
and it sat at Nelson last winter, J. \Y. Bennett, of
Fernie, being one of the Board. Afterwards a strike
was declared, receiving the approbation and support of the District as well as bf the head organization of the Western Federation'of Miners. Ymir
Local Union placed a man by the name of McCor-
miek at Salmo as a picket to obtain information
inspecting the strike and warn strangers coming
into the locality. This continued up to the 17th of
July.-when he received an anonymous letter asking
him to take the northbound train out of the city or
that something might happen. Paying no regard
to this threat, on the evening of the 18th of July,
the citizens of Salmo to the number of 20 or 25 approached him while he was sitting on thc verandah
of the Northern Hotel at the town of Salmo and requested him to leave town. This he refused aud
they forcibly look him, knocking him dow(n, carrying him, and pushed him out of the town, only leaving him when he was over a mile outside the town
limits, with the threat and request that he had better not return. On the 22nd of July informations
were sworn out against thirteen Salmo residents,
two of whom were Justices of the Peace (■!). T]ie
hearing came on in Nelson on the 30th and 31st
days of July. A man named Matthews, apparently
the ringleader, was convicted of assault, and regardless of the seriousness of the case, fined, the
paltry stun of $10.00 and costs. He was acquitted of
Uie ether charge of intimidation, although it was
clearly shown that certain methods,of intimidation
liad been used. Another one of the thirteen was'
also acquitted of the same charge. The lawyer
acting for the prosecution, finding it was\futile
to go 'on any further with the cases, asked for the
withdrawal of the informations. The lawyer acting for the defence asked for certificates of dismissal of all the charges, which were granted by
the magistrates. _    '
On the 2nd of August further informations were
laid against these parties, under another sub-section of the section of the Criminal Code relating
to intimidation. The defence applied for a writ of
prohibition to prevent any justices from hearing
the case on the ground that the matter had already
been disposed o£ The application came on before
Mr. Justice Morrison in Victoria and was refused,
consequently on the 2nd of August the hearings
came on again at Nelson and all of the defendants,
to the number of eleven, who appeared, were 'committed to stand trial at the next court ot competent
jurisdiction at Nelson. The prosecution of the action is now in the hands of the Attorney General's
Department. *
Thymine, workers on the Island .took exception
to the special police and sent them back, using-no
more force than did the two justices pf .the peace
jailed; refused bail, denied every constitutional
right and their trial made the most disgusting travesty of justice. This is the "justice" handed the
worker when he dare strike or attempt to protect
his interests. The people of. Salmo are not, any-
worse than those of other towns. Thc whole remedy lies with the workers and so long as we-lack
organization (do not interpret this word too narrowly for organization on thc industrial field is one
phase and organization on the political field "another, although'both have an affinity that is inseparable) so long shall we be at the mercy of. the capitalist-made law.
'". '-*.    Fernie, B: C> Sept. 15th, 1913.
To the. Editor/District Ledger,
\ Penile, B. C..
Dear -Sir.-^JComing along the Crow's
Nest Pass one evening last week on
the local, train, in company with another Fernie -resident, I witnessed
something well worth reporting in
your valuable paper.
Upon entering the dining .-car for
supper, I noticed there were a few of
the legal fraternity together with one
or two friends rather the worse for
drink/one of, the company being already on the list of persons interdicted for the Province of Alberta.  ■
Whilst in'the car, the conduct of
some. of the party was, to say the
least, disgusting; obscene language,
etc., being used, despite the fact that
there were "ladles in the car at the
time. I imagine that had the offender
been a, poor worker, he would have
been placed under arrest or pitched
n-eck and crop out of the car. '
•The1 conversation once drifted on to
the much talked of-Harry Thaw case.
Here the members of that honorable
profession' (?) bewailed the fact that
Thaw had not crossed the line at
Coutts, stating how It would .have enhanced their -financial position had he
done so, aud showing only too plainly
the Shylock principle with1 which
many of them are imbued. They
stated they would have had Thaw and
all' his connections tied up so fast
with promissory notes that they (the
lawyers) would be fixed up for good
and the Thaw's fleeced to the limit.
Soihe statement was made about the
Minister of Justice prostituting the
judiciary of the country, etc., .by a certain action of his. This was said in a
very reverent and patriotic spirit, and
the speaker was evidently sorely affected.
"In stopping at'one depot one of the
lights referred boastingly to how much
he was collecting from the residents
there. Possibly had he considered
who was listening he would have ibeen
more discreet'. However, to be brief,'
Mr. Editor, the scene in the diner was
.one that went to explain how intelligent and well meaning some of our
attorneys are.
In conclusion, I would like to refer
to tlie striking contrast between" the
treatment meted out to the Indian
here lately, who got six months for being drunk, whilst some who are interdicted (evidently because they are not
considered to be of the working class)
are allowed to wander around promiscuously in a maudlin state and are
not interfered with in any way by the
police authorities.
.  Yours truly,
News qfi thrf^sirici CcMtps
...-   %   - (ContinuedfromPage-S)    .   ;    ,'-: ; V, .y~"'
residence. Probably the largest crowd
ever seen in- -West^ Coleman was ■ on
hand, and the prompt action of bucket brigade and those who had charge
of the chemical engine' saved the' residences of Jas. Antrobus .and others.
That the west end needs fire protection of some sort will not be argued
now.. . ' i -,',' '
. ■ A. Cameron and N. Macaiilay were
visitors ait Blairmore and Prank on
Sunday .last."   ■   \ ■     -\   '•   -   .
The Town Band, have posters out
advertising a" masquerade, hall to he
held at the Opera House on Friday
evening, the 26th inst. A supper will
be.served at midnight. ,The band have
--been spending much time of late in
practising new "music and are deserving of patronage.
Dr. A. E. Porter left Thursday morning for Edmonton and will be absent
some two' weeks.
A* choir re-union was held in the
club room of the Institutional Church
on Friday evening last, when plans
for the coming months were1 discussed.
Mrs. A. -M. Morrison and baby
daughter returned on Monday evening
last from Cranbrook, B. C, where the
latter received medical attention with
beneficial results at the Cranbrook
hospital." -
■Mrs. D. A. -Macaulay is visiting
friends in Fernie.
A public school concert will be held
in the Opera House on October 17tli,
in which the children will participate.
Medals will be distributed .to  those
The readers, of the Ledger are
aware that a circular was issued by
the B. C. Federation of Labor calling
The strike used at the opportune time is ono.of
the most effective methods of attack the worker
hns, but used indiscreetly or at times when conditions do not favor, it becomes a boomrang thnt has
created moro misery and division among labor than
the most ruthless of capitalist oppression. For
whereas tho latter will stimulate revolt, defeat aud
discord among the workers themselves havo been
the greatest agent for retrogression they havo over
known. Tlie spring of this year witnessed tho universal strike in Uolgium and tho splendid victory
scored by labor, Since thon, however, there have
been sovoral 24 nnd 4S hour strikes in continental
countries, tho result of which can scarcely be
described ns decisive.
It ia not difficult to undorstntid the cause of
this. To call a general striko it must first o£ all be
nseertiiined thnt thp workers are in sympathy, thnt
this sympathy is sincere and thnt tiio response to
the call will bo unanimous, However much sympathy there mny bo with Ihe mine workers,, it iH
absolutely necessary Hint this sympathy he tempered with fi'iiind judgment, Sentiment may prove
most, dangerous if we do not preserve sufficient
nicntnl equilibration to know just when nnd how
lo nel. The "first thing lo consider iH: Dnes the 11.
('. J'Vdernlion of Labor pusses n sui't'ieiently well-
oiled maehint! to pul this suggested strike into operation -should it be favored? And if so, what proportion of tho workors will respond? To bo effect,
ive the essence of a 48 hour strike is its spontaneity.
There must be no delay, no misunderstanding—
eih'li and all must nel iu unison,
Homcmihor, we cannot nMord failure, however necessary uio iuiter nmy no lo victory, failure at
this hour would im worse tiinn ilulcHT, at miy other
timo.*'"Tliu operators would, in the event of Ihis,
immediately presume thnt pnblin opinion wiih adverse lo the mine workers and tlm government
VnOiiu  li:iioniiie liieir  prenelil   Jivi'hrmiiwu.
At such times petty feelings of spite against in-
dividunls must not exist, ftnd n'o man who hns the
welfare of the island mino utorlwrs and the work-
ers of this province nl heart will attempt such tae-
f*?e«j Tli" rpi/>sfJon hits t.n bo considered impartially and dispassionately. Ik tho suggestion practicable ■,' What proportion of organized labor will
respond lo wieh n cnllt I« tbo machinery in such
■food order as to ensure prompt responsef The latter nrd conditions jndiipewmblo to a 48 hour
trifci'. i<
the proposition''of a 48 hours' strike
throughout the province as a protest
against the government using=militia
to break the strike of our fellow workers on Vancouver Island. .This, proposition will, no doubt, be heartily endorsed by'all workers who realize that
the only way to win strikes and wrest
better conditions from the exploiting
class is by the solidarity of'the tollers,
that is, making the struggle ot one
section of our class the concern of all
workers. To accomplish- this aim (if
I am not totally mistaken) the B, C.
Federation of Labor was launched, so
as to give to tho various trades of the
province a medium whereby to express their ideas and ,nct ln concert
with each 'other.
■ I was therefore greatly surprised to
read' an article by, I. B. M. Farrington
In last week's issue of the Lodger opposing the action of the B. C, Federation of Labor in calling for a voto of
Its affiliated membership on the question of the above mentioned 48 hours'
strlko. At a first glnnco It may appear
that. Farrington Is only opposed to the
wording of tho circular, hut by a careful perusal of his article we find that
he Is not only opposed to tlio wording,
but to the vory principle or what the
circular cnlls for, o. g„ the solidarity
of the workers,
If ovory local union throughout the
province taltou prompt action on this
matter of voting for or against It, It
Is hard to understand why It should
take such a long tlmo till the voto 1b
tabulated nnd> tlio results of tho voto
known. We cnn tako It for granted
thnt tho oxocutlvo of tho B, O. F?ot L.
will not leave this matter In abeyance
till the winter fa horo, and If wo credit those mon with n» munu common
BeiiBo as wo prldo oursolvos to pobbobs
(PniTlngton Included) the matter
conld ho dlBpoBc'd of In a vory short
t.ine. i/Vb to the other objection ro tlio
violation of Joint ngreomoiitB which
nelthor tlio tortiiH of tlio ngroomonts
nor tlio InwB of our tmloiiB will allow
ub to violate In HUBpondlng work for
■18 hours, I may point out that'this
lifts been done before and will bn done
iignln If clroiiHiHtiincoB arise which
mako It nocoHBnry to do ho
It lmmt Htrlktt ub as lioonllnr tlmt
Farrl»Klon Mioiild harp on thla imrtle.
ulnr point, when ho knows very well
that tlio vory Bnnio thing \vn« dono by
the Nntinlino mlnorB who had an
ngrnrimoat with tlieir einpleyere, yet
votoil to go on Htrlko on May Ut In
Biipport of their striking fellow crnrtB-
mon, I nlso rnmnmlw porfwHIv well
that nt tlint tlmo FnrrliiRtou was laud-
iiit, (iiti-t. iiiuii (or tliuir uutioti Uirougn
tlm proBs and If can only wonder at
tho InronBlntonry of tho mnn who todny will do bin utmost to dofont a
rnovo on   the part of tho  workers'
M'lilr^i  rwifv ,'.  f"i** *:*r*_*^.'■/,■ r-* V*J% v,v;:;
lirnUliig nnd abetting to tho heat of
IiIb ability,
T ran nMBiiro Farrington that the
mlnerB or District 18 nro well awaro
of certain clause* In tliolr ngrooment
(tho rettwncBt wo Imve hud for yotirii)
prnhlhltlng them from ntinrntlnR
tliom»elvo« from work without,, tlio
pormlHw|n>i nt tlio trMTirtfjnmont of thn
mines, but thai in all probability this
will not prevent im from ihowlnK onr
solidarity with our uttiiggllnK fellow
wnrluTx on Vancouver Island.
FarrliiRtou'B murKesllon thnt wo rather doiiatf ono day'* wagon Instead
of losing two days' work, is,typical of
the man himself and^ would mean in
plain English "By all'means, boys, be
in sympathy- with your struggling fellow' workers, but for the love of Mike
don't let your sympathy ■ run away
with' the profits of our dear, masters;
that, would be against our sacred
agreements, which I, as an upholder
of our present form of wage slavery,
am'morally obliged to protect."
The circular of the B. C. Federation
ot Labor states that the proposed forty-eight .hours' strike is a' protest
against. tho militia being used to
break the strike; does any in-
tolligeni man think for a .moment
that'a donation of $3 or ?4 would be a
protest against the dirty' deal the B.
C, government is giving our fellow
workers' on Vancouver Island? We
are advised, by our International Officers that an assessment of 50 cents
per member is levied for two months
to- conduct the strikes of Vancouver
Island and- Colorado, and I am sure
none of our members begrudges this
or is unwilling to pay even more if
necessary, so th*at from a financial
point it is not necessary that the
strikers should endure the rigors of
"winEer_witBout ample protection.
In concluding let nie briefly state
that a 48 hours' suspension of work of
all organized workers throughout, the
province is not untimely,, 111 advised
or unfortunate for the striking miners
in particular and th© organized workers in general, as Farrington would
make us' believe, but on the, contrary
is ono of the greatest demonstrations
of class .solidarity on the part of the
workers anybody could conceive of. It
will forcefully bring the attention of
the exploiters of .labor to the fact that
we, the wealth producers, "are conscious of our own class Interest and
that we realize that "an Injury to one
Is the concern of all." To take no
action against the outrages commlttod
against our fellow workers, who have
been Jailed and convicted on trumped up charges by the sorvile courts of
tho master class, would stamp us as
cowards who don't deserve a bettor
fate tlinn to remain slaves'. Does Farrington Imagine that our Joint agree-
menus are moro sacred lo us than the
life and liberty of our follow workers?
Lot us clear our brain of all falsa do-
liiBlons ln 'regards to sacrednesfl of
contracts and Identity of Interest between master and slave, and lot us
realize that tho so-called snered agreements aro only tisod to keep ub In
bondngo. If wo want to bo free we
must strlko the ■ .blow, bocauso tho
emancipation of tho workors can only
como through tho working class themselves.
'. It Is a sad spectacle to behold mom-
hers of our own class trying thoir utmost to distract tho real Issue simply
hooaiiBo tliey aro lncapablo to recognize tho truo nature of Uio cIusb struggle as oxprosBod by the modem a.nd
up-to-dato mothodfl of the more advanced labor movement. Tlowover, It
It gratifying to nolo that thoso fosBlllz-
od Bpeclos of the genus homo nre dying off pretty fast or nro roplacod by
mon who ronllzo that the struggle lie-
tween exploiters and exploited must
go until wngo slavery Ib overthrown,
and who demnml no moro nor Iobb
/than "Tho World For Tho Worltorfl."
II. BLMmt,
who _, were successful in  midsummer
examinations. '..""""; J-•   .y- ' • ,'S  .'
J. A. Hornby, of Calgary, is a guest
■at the Coleman Hotel.- ^ " ■- , "
. J.' C. Saunders, of.CalgaTy, was a
Coleman visitor Wednesday. ■   •*   •
y y   , THE.ISIS THEATRE^ ~ /:'--'.
,,>• Every week; in fact^every day, -sees -
some novelty or addition ,to thisChand-"
some, little- theatre arid-.the'. manage-'
ment informs us that'tbr"the middle.of .*
next ,w«ek "they", will .haye rearranged '=
the  floor pitch,  which, will   enable
every member of the auditorium to
obtain a clear ana uninterrupted'view
of the screen. ;.   ■ ■ • - -   -'    .-,
■ Miss Mary Simpson returned home
from her holiday trip in Lethbridge
on Saturday.      - " „   '   '
Rev. Dr. Cody was visiting Mr. C
J. Tompkins last week and later left
for the coast. ..
., Mr, and /Mrs, .James Atherton have
taken up their residence »ln'' Frank
again. >'    ,   , '
Mr. Large, who has been electrician
heref or a long time, has got the position of master mechanic in Blairmore
mine.   \.        , »
Born, to Dr, and Mrs. McKay, on
Tuesday, Sept. 16th, a son.
•Mr. Robert Wilcox is spending his
week's holiday at Lundbreck.0'
"Mrs. Gibson, of Cranbrook, and 'Miss
McKinnon, of Macleod, are in' town
visiting their sister, Mrs. Thomas."
Mr. and 'Mrs. John Simpson moved
to Hillcrest on Thursday last. "
The stork visited the abode of 'Mr.
Jacob Veber and as a .result a baby
brightens the home. ,    '    *a
t 'Mr. and 'Mrs. Blals spent Monday
visiting in Fernie.,
. Miss Charlotte Eastbn, of Coleman,
was in Frank on Wednesday.
Married, at the iMethodist parsonage, on Saturday'evening, Sept. 13th,
1913, Mr. Frank Hutseher, of Frank,
to 'Miss Antonetta Schubert; of Bohemia, Austria.     . - _   -
Mr. W. J. McGowan, left on Monday
nig'ht for a visit to his old home in
Nova Scotia. , /
■Mrs. Gleave, iMrs. Wm. Jolly's mother, who has been with her for some
months "from England, was called to
her home by cablegram. Sickness in
the family was the cause. She -left at
once. '   ,
'Jlrs. Mark Drumm has been visiting
in Calgary during the week.
.There was no work in Blairmore
'mine on Wednesday.
The Bohemian men of. town gathered, ta the home of Jlr. Olic.during
Wednesd-ay evening to have some music and a social time.
. A false. fire whistle aroused the
people of town last Saturday. Some
thought a car of .lumber which stood
on.the track,was on fire,'when, in reality, it was. the staoke and blaze of .an
engine near,, by being blown, ithrough
tlie--car-; • =—i-*—-—.	
- School opened on Monday last'with
Messrs. ,-W. S. Young and E. Blais as
teachers.' About ninety children have
been enrolled already. i ' -
. The 'lit/tie daughter of Joe Hewko
was operated on at the hospital during
the week.- She is improving nicely.
■' The Ladies' Aid of tho "Methodist
Church will hold a sale of home cooking in the school,, room of the Church
on,Saturday aftern'oon, September-20.
The tea room will be in charge of Mrs.
Hamilton, Mrs', Dudley' and Mrs.- Dick-
en. ,' '»•"., , '■■ -
■ The League meeting on-Monday evening at the /Methodist Church will be
led -by .Miss Paul. Continuing: tha -
studies of modern city problems, a paper will be-read by Miss Woodhouse
on "The Undermining of the Home."
iWe - have .'an', interesting' article
handed In by the Scranton School representative,. Mr. ..Tom MartlTi, but owing to pressure at last minute are
eompelled, to hold „over until next
week.. ■ : .,   '
The Rev, Thomson of the Baptist
Church preached his farewell sermon
on Sunday last to large and appreciative audiences. t 0,n Monday evening a
eocial was held' under the auspices of
the Ladles and C. E. Society, during
tho course of which the late pastor
was presented with a-pursejof gold af
about $200,00.   -
,.  -
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
WANTED—Engineer with B. C. first
class papers;  must be thoroughly
competent, reliable and sober; good
■ wage's.   Apply, giving'references,' to
: Box 1175 Fernie, B. C. ..72
FOR SALE—'March and April hatched
White Wyandotte, White and Barred Hock Cockerels.    These  birds,'
are guaranteed bred-up to the Am-.
• erican standard cf perfection;' prices on application; inspection, invit-
■ e'd.   Albert Davies, Fernie, B. C/.73
A HOUSE AND LOT for. sale;"Lot 5,
■Block S!6, Annex Extension.   Apply
Geo. Davey or G..W. Goodwin, Bellevue, Alta. 70.
FOR SALE—A bargain..   House of "4
rooms with„water and toilet, on haif
lot, Block 49, Dalton Avenue.   -Price •
$550  cash,  or ?G0O  terms. . Apply
James Beveridge ■. . _.       67
FOR SALE—Double House, 8 rooms,,
• plastered, on Lot 9, Block '3,- West
acre ".frontage.
FOR SALE—Four Roomed Shack on
.. Lot'l, Block 89, Iterate Annex "Ex-
" tension.    (Price $400  cash.-   Apply
letter, General Delivery, .Fernie,.B7
C. _,   ■     "\     .  ,  •■;    ■ 65
BOARDERS—Room for about 3 or 4
Boarders in private house, situated
• in ' West -Ferule. ' Apply  Mrs.' H,
Jones, West Fernie. *v '64
■ .-
-.. A
" \
100 Votes in our Grand Piano
Competition io every 25 cent
purchase of
Famous Lotus Lawn Stationery
Pads, Envelopes Bond
Writing Paper
N. E. Suddaby
"The Rexall Storo"
Druggist & Stationer
FRIDAV, SEPT. 10 ~ ' " '
2 Reel "King Duggott" Imp,
*"or Better or Worse
2 iiraiaL "BGUMnN
A remarkable story of an author, who, becoming nn opium fiend, In our od wlion ho boholds Jils wlfo on
whnt ho HiippoHoa to bo hor death boil.
The   End of the  Trail
2 Heel 'M'oiv«r»" Wcntern Dramn.
Battle of Saa Juan Hill
3 Heel SpnnlilnAmorlean Wnr 8tory.
*+m vmmm»J»^**!*f!H?^^wi*y« «**■=*
<*ruh,iki# tMtitn-ct x%
THE DISOMCT^^G^ FiBSMp; B. 0, SEPTEMBER 20,1913  ;
,   -#■-''. COAL CREEK NOTES -*-
>- ♦        '   -' "■-*■
. '7^,-^9,-J^. X'   *• ' ^r
.The mines were idle Friday ap<i Sat-
, '. unlay of las£" week owing to shortage
c -of railroad cam  • ^ . - .   ;
BiliL'and Jim Yates, and J, Harper
•arrived back in camp after a. week's
.hunting around Squaw Creek in the
.Flathead district. Cooked "venison per-
'.\vades_ the atmosphere,Sow.-
''Mb.-.Buckley; of "Fernie,   was   in
-1   camp on Monday rustling tickets for
the Oddfellows' Ball.
J: Chester, W. Branch and J. Kay
brought in a fine specimen of the silver tip species on Saturday last. '
Notices were posted in the camp
that No. 9 mine will be closed down
after >Wedifesday.
We saw one of our old friends en
route for Spokane with a-nice young
lady. Say, shall we get the shlveree
,.,  The Football Club have made special arrangements with the C P. R.
'to convey the team and followers to
' Blairmore on Saturday, 30th inst Fare
' from Fernie," adults $1.80, children 90c.
Tickets can bB had froni secretary of
Football'CIubr or committee'men, or
'A. J. Carter,'Fernie.    These tickets
have tb.be exchanged at Fernie depot
• before leaving. ■ Train leaves Fernie
9.25 a.m.    .     .
'   'The"boys had a convivial gathering
at the .club room on Saturday last. The
.  following , gentlemen' rendered - vocal
j   selections: AV.''-Morgan; J; 'McMillan,
;• " .J..Garrie?.\V. Flatterley, G. Smith, Ike
'.'-, Rotheray, <T.. Armstrong, Dennis, Teheran, W. R. Puckey, R. Snowden, H.
McAdam, R.- Sampson, Pete Kawson,
•  -„ R. Billsborough,. J. Buchanan; recitation by Jeasie Baugh.   Charlie Percy
.supplied'ihe music.' W. R. Puckey occupied tlie chair. -,
Mr.   aiid   Mrs.   Harry   Byrom,   of
, , French camp,, left for a vacation at
the coast. ■■   ,.,
. Another   rival   to   Paderewski ar-
• rived in camp on Tuesday from London, England.   He is staying at Mrs.
G. Crabbes, Coyote .St.
. . Don't forget the entertainment. at
the   Methodist-. Church, on   Monday,
;    22nd inst.   The programme includes a
!'■ lecture on a.-.trip. through .Palestine.
' Superintendent   Shari'ics*'   has "kindly
promised' to preside.   Admission 25c;
'.-.Music, by "a specially selected choir.
'   Everybody welcome. •'  "'   '      "    ,
' The dance "committee purpose hold-
--' the Club Hadl;, gentlemen 50c,-ladies
free.   /Now'you dancers, get busy.
• *■; A special train was requisitioned at
' .noon ^on.lMonday to. convey.'a miner
named John Dragon to hospital, suffering with Injuries' to ribs whilst fol-
break the-strike ofthe coal miners'on
Vancouver Island-. • " , '"
' A .dance was given in the Michel
Opera House on-Monday, 15th Septem-
[ ber, after the show, Almond's orchestra furnishing the. music. ' >,   ''
Mr. Albert- Bastian, accountant of
the. Crow's. Nest Pass Coal "Co. in Michel, severed hia connection with the
Coal Co.•■'■*   " '       "       - ; v A ''
Quite a number of strangers are
dropping into our fair town; if this is
the only way to increase the population of. our burg, It doesn't say very
much for our married stiffs. Read up
some of Teddy Roosevelt's lectures on
race suicide.'
.The exhibition of. the Agricultural
Association will be held ,on .Monday,
22nd September, on Michel Prairie.
Quite a lengthy prize list of the Association is -printed. We wonder who
will be the winner of the prize for the
roast chicken, and we wouldn't mind
being the judge of that particular entry. All kinds of sports for young nnd
old ;wUl be held, and we expect a lively time on that occasion in our old
burg.'' ' .
♦ . ♦
lowing his employment in No. 5 mine.
■Secure your tickets early for Blairmore on Saturday. Train leaves 9.25
a.m.   '       ' "   ■   .
The Coal Creek line up for the -Mutz
Cup final at Blairmore is as follows:
Goal,- Banns; halves, McL/etchie, Mc:
Fegan; halves, Sweeney, Manning,
Whyte:-., forwards, Partridge, Booth',
Garvie, Jolnson, "Johnstone. Reserves,
Armstrong,1 Harper and Yates. Kick
off 4 o'clock.   '
♦ ♦
"The following Is the substance of
the,doctors' agreement:    .•
To act as physician and surgeon and
furnish medical attendance and medicine to all employees of the Hosmer
mines, and their 'families.
To' maintain and equip hospital, and
furnish hospital attendance, when required., to all employees and their families.
■In case of holiday or unavoidable
absence to provide a reputable physician satisfactory,to the employees
and company during such absence.
To furnish promptly, on printed
forms furnished for the'purpose, such
reports as, may be required by the
company in connection .with accidents
to employees, and to the Local Union
Secretary in connection, with accidents to, and sickness of, their members. "'*••'.•
The employees, to pay, through the
company's office-at following rates:
51.50 per month if earning over $2.25
per day and having.wprked over seven
shifts in one month', those earning less
than $2.25 per day to pay, at the rate
of $1.00v per-month. .-,."'
< -Ninety days1 notice in \vriting to be
given by either, party-to this agreement in case they wish "to .terminate
A banquet and dance wore given in
tho Venczla Hotel on Thursday, 11th
Septomber, under the ausplcosof tho
Fraternal Order of Englos, Almond's
oralicstrn .furnishing somo excellent
music and old and young enjoying
thomsolvos. ' •'   .
A serious accident occurred in. No. 3
mine, on Saturday',- 13th Soptombor,
whon one of our brothers by the namo
of John iDoWlldo, got his spinal column fracturod by a fall of rock. Tho
unfortiinnto mnn was carried to the
hospital whoro Dr. Weldon performed
nn operation on him nnd put his back
In n plviBtor' ciiHt, At prosont ho Is
doing ns wall ub could bo oxpoctod undor tho "clrcuniRtniicoB, nnd Dr. Weldon thinks he will pull him through
nil right.
■ Tho'doath of nro, Ilorroks occurred on Sundny afternoon, Soptombor
11th. MV, Ilorrolts lind boon nick for
ix long tlmo nnd, nltliou«l» conflnod to
bed moet of tho tlmo, wna benrlng his
affliction vory manfully. Tho funeral
took placo on Tuesday afternoon, 10th
September, from the Motliodlut
Chuvoli; 'Michel, wjiero tho Rov. Curry
hold n Korvlcn ovor the hint rotualiiH
of our Into brothor, Tho coffin wna
beautifully decorated with flowers,
contributed by relatives nnd frlondu
of the docoasod, 'Mr, It I aim nl Jones,
president of the Mlchol Will Union,
lend tho burial Horvlco of tho organisation over the open grave nnd Rov.
Curry rend tho burlnl sorvlco of tho
MothodlBt Church. After tho numerous friend a hud paid their Inst re-
upodtR to tho doconsod, tho 'remains
wero glvon over to tlio groat, unknown
*rr****   **■ ; (_;- j. w   '...Hv   '.tt   l,U  tA^ulu,      Vl *J
**tpnrt our honrtfnlt «ympt»thy to ihr
widow nnd children of tho deceased In
their sad bereavement. Owing to the
management not laying Uio rnlnos ldlo
to givo ovory member of the union a
ehunco lo attend the funoral, the fol-
tuning wa» not ns Inrgo us should bo
expected. It Is deplorable that on
stioii occasions tlio mon should lmvo
to work instead of paying their last
rempocto to ono of thoir mombors, and
we wondor how thoso'who nro rospon-
nible for this would liko It If In ft caso
of theirs similar to this ono, friends
of theirs nhoiild bo provented from nl-
tcmlluu Uu> f until al oi! on» of their bo-
fnvod ones.
At tx mooting of Michel Locnl Union
on Sunday, 14th September, tho member* voted In favor of the proposed
48 hours' strlko at a protest npalnst
the R. C. Government uslnr militia to
"saraeTTn case .of any dispute arising
same tb be referred to committee consisting of representatives' of the doctor, the company and the Local Union.
" Messrs. A. Anderson, W. Starr and
R. Anderson left for the Old .Country
during the week.
The Ladies' Aid' of the Presbyterian
Church are to give an afternoon tea
on -Thursd'ay, the 25th, in the Methodist Church from 3 to 6 In tho afternoon.   Everybody welcome.
'Moses Barltz, a Socialist lecturer of
international repute, Is to speak In
Hosmer Monday evening, Sept. 22,
• Hosmer was tho scene of a fair
sized bush fire on Tuesday and the .bit
of timber at the foot, of 'Mount 'Hosmer, behind tliO'town, got pretty well
singed. IP, C. O'Connor worked ovor-
tlmo chasing flro fighters over; Wonder If there's' any pny coming, "gaffer."
Norman Shaw loft for Lethbrldgo
Monday to undergo treatment for his
' 'Hosmor nnd 'Michel met in the first
round of the Crahan Cup at Hosmer
on Saturdny Inst, but owing to tho late
arrival of -Michel the game wnB unfinished and Reforoo Quinney called the
gamo 20 minutes from tlmo owing to
darkness, iMlcliol at that time bolng In
the load by a score of 2-1. ' Michel won
tho toss nnd act Hosmer to faco n
smnll gnlo of wind. Tho first half
proved a cracker with Ilos-mor having
slightly the host Of It. but Michel, with
tho help of tho strong wind, woro by
no monna Idle. Slinging the ball about,
from wing to wing, thoy, kept tho Hosmor dofenco pretty busy at times. The
'Interval found the score ono ench, Tho
wind hnd appreciably abqtcd when
play resumed and Hosmor got a shock
In tho shapo of n snrprlso goal by Michel, llanhnnn being lot right through
owing" to weak piny by ITosmor's
backs; This put IloHmor on thoir mottle and till the ond of tho gnmo strong
pressuro was brought to bear on the
Mlchol goal, which Boomed to boarn
chnrmod life. Thnlr defonco nlso put
up a plucky tight, Mooro (In goal) In
particular bolng a shining light, but It
Is doubtful whothor ho.saw shots by
McQueen mid II. Adamson and n header from lldltlorstono, all of which
wIiImoi! past tho post with the goalkeeper helpless. Brown and Hani man
woro the gonl ncororB for Michel and
(Murray notoliod Hosmor's point with
n shot that burst tho not.
TonniB: llosniov--Conl, A. Adamson; banks, McQueen, Wnrdrop;
luvlvos, naUlorstone, And. Adamson,
llollly; foiKvnvdir., White, Murray.
•Thornton, Adamson, Oakley,
.IJJ-Jtd - y,u*ii<J, ll,iunii,uii, ihiiiu,
Travis, SiunuolH, dulloU, Weaver,
Brown, Ilnrdman, Ball, Briscoe.
•A, rato wat Is on In tho boor line,
tho Hosmor Liquor Co, having lower-
prt Ihi* nrlcn to %l RO nor Vort Vnon
It up, you'U bo giving It away by nnd
bye or until the opposition vanishes.
You cnn never toll how many nro In
tho union until tho word "strlko" Is
mentioned, and thon It's n Job to count
them. (Wo'll have to hollor "strike"
nil thn time),
Mrs, Salt Is back Irom Fornle, happily much improved In henlth.
The Knights of Pythias Invltnllon
danco in tho Opera Houso Thursday
night proved to be 8 big success, «
thoroughly enjoyable evening being
spent tripping tho light fantastic. Tho
lodge h to bo congrAtutatod on their
I urtt-"rprfio.
. ■ "H. A, MoKowan, of the Cranbrook
Sash and Door Factory,- was aHosmer
.visitor Saturday last.
. Al" J. Carter,' District Secretary-
Treasurer, was a business visitor to
Hosmer Saturday. -
.John Kedleo had the misfortune to
get his cow damaged by a passing
fr-aight to such an extent that it had
to' be destroyed. A number of 'eye
witnesses say no effort was made to
stop by the engineer although he was
practically at a standstill at the time.'
Other people's property evidently
)dou't'"worry this gentleman much.
Some of our prominent local Liberals (whatever they represent) were at
Fernie Wednesday attending a Liberal executive meeting. Wonder if
they'll join hands with the Chinese
scab herders again at the next election?
iThe recent shooting competition did
uot bring out many "Hawkins" and
Jasbec secured top score. fThe^hlgh
wind interpered with good scores.
♦ '♦♦♦♦♦♦,♦♦■«►♦♦*♦
♦ ♦
♦ '   ♦
♦ ">■♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦-♦.*»--»•*»♦
Jlr. Alexander McDeekan, of Fernie,
was visiting in camp for a few days
this week, the guest of Jlr. Willie
'■/rhe mining class'to be started by
Mr..Thomas Stephenson will be opened aibbut September 22. Anyone thinking'of, starting should see Mr. Ste-J
phenson at his home in Bellevue and
make arrangements before the school
iMr, Geo. Noble, accompanied by Mr.
John Christie, went. to Fernie this
week' on business. 0 i
■Mr. Arthur Whyatt arrived in camp
from Beaver and has "started to work
in No. ,1 mine. •
The hurricane that.struck camp on
Fviday badly damaged the new building in front of the. post office, giving
it a bad "lean"' in' the wrong direction.
The Bellevue Band gave their usual
Sunday night open air concert, which
was enjoyed by an appreciative audience.
,Mr. Daniel Ross met with a nasty
accident on Friday last while following his occupation as miner, having
his thigh broken. It will become time
before he wall he able to work again.
■■ .Mr.•■-Thomas, .Boyle, who has" been
laid up.with typhoid fever, is progressing favoraibly at the hospital. ,
"There was a Finlander^had' his"foot
hu"rT^whiIF"foliowIng*liis occupation as
a. miner at No. 2 mine on Monday.
Mrs. A.  Bu'rcey  and  Mrs. Laucey
■ t
• t -
' Tom Preston returned to Coalhurst
again on Monday after a month's vacation on the'road.
t Bob .Gammon had his blacksmith
shop.moved.from the McCollough Addition toa more promising position in
Coalhurst.  .
Stockett-laud Livingstone, of the A.
R. and I., were visitors to the Lethbridge . Collieries on Saturday. We
take notice they had the -big wheel
taken away that the fellow had his
wages tied on about a "month ago so
there must have been something in
It after all. Looks like,he had better
get a line on the spare cage now.
■The man who meant business witfi
the hundred ■ bucks will no doubt feel
disappointed when he found it was only gossip and no serap In sight at all,
but.cheer up, Bob, no doubt there will
be an opponent for you soon that will
go a few with you In earnest; say, ten
or fifteen, or even more, if you don't
hit too hard.
Hens being overcrowded in a pen
will rub each other and cause friction,
and a strong wind added will create
spontaneous ■ ■ combustion. "De yer
ken?" /This was a remark overheard
between two Scotchmen when discuss.
Ing the fire that cleaned up Jim Lindsay's hen coup on Saturday. We think
.the men in rooms had better be careful and not get' scratching too much or
there might be something lighting up,
and a fire break out, cleaning out a
few rooms.   "De yer ken the noo?"
We hear that Jack has been on the
keg for a long time now, but it's
mighty strange for a man to fall in a
cellar when going for his mail.
Cook were Blairmore visitors on Tues
day. -.   ■ ,        .
Mr. Person, the pit boss at the Prospect, who has been away on his vacation, returned to camp and'has started work again. iMr. Edward Roberts
filled the position of pit boss in the
former's absence.
IMr. Phillip Hart, of Lundbreck, was
in camp this week on business.
Quite a big crowd of the Bellevue
sports took ln the football match between Hlllcrest and Coleman on Wednesday last.
The management of the mine has
been successful in putting through another room to the No. 2 mine, The
management Intend opening up the
places on the inside of the mine that
have been stopped for somo time.
There has been quite a, big crowd of
men -started lately.
Mr. John Clark and family have left
cninp and gono to Hlllcrest,
Jlrs. Wntts Goodwin was a Blairmore visitor on Saturday night.
Tho two 'Miss Boylas, who have
beon spending their holidays In camp
with their parents, left on Tuesday for
Plnchor Creek, whero they are going
to school for the whiter,
Jlrs. Wilfred Wolstenhorne was a
Coloman visitor on Saturdny on busl-
JIIss Jcnnlo McGovernor Is now selling the tickets at tho Lyric theatre.
.Jlrs, Charlie" -Burrows Is conflnod to
her bod with n severe nttack of la
'Jlrs, William Vnmbuskor, who has
Iipimi visiting In camp for some time,
loft eamp for hor homo In Fornlo.
Jlrs. Boutry, of Maplo Loaf, hns
been laid up for a fow days with la
'Jlr. Woodward, of Passburg, will
preach in the Methodist Church horo
on Sundny night noxt, Jlr, Irwin, the
pastor, will preach In Lothbrldgo.
The denth occurred In the cnnip on
Sundny ovonlng ot Wm. John Loo, Infant son of Jlr. Thomas Leo, Kvory
sympathy Is oxprossnd foi* the bereaved paron tH,'    "
•if ♦
♦ KIPP NOTE8 <#•
Since  starting on  the  two-weekly
pay the men in No. '6 mine have been
rather unfortunate., In the-first one
they lost two and a half days, and the
one just finished four and a half days.
Tuesday and Wednesday of this week
they were laid off for want of cars.
The good harvest weather we are having is causing all the farmers to hustle and get their grain shipped to market. Two or three weeks ago there
was over 200 box cars standing on, the
Royal Collieries track, -but yesterday
saw the last of them cleaned out, so
for'tthe next month.or soi' in all probability, work at the mines will be very
uncertain.   .
Vice  President Graham --and  Karl
TheodoTvitclrwera'firthe' city on aion-
John T. Stirling and Snm Joneu,
mino Inspectors, were In Coalhurst on
Friday  making  preparations   for  a
Mino Rpuriip Stntlon liorn     Tt «■ i«r
dorstood tho locttires will eommonr**
right uwuy, ono ot" the company houses being utjed for linll and the
hunk house for a smoke chamber until n proper placo Is provided,
Dr. Rose nays ho Is prepared to glvo
!*"".""   "•"-  f!i'..i  A.Z C»> t*V   i..ia.*t*v\  ail.ll
mootlngs aro being held In the company offlco. Thoso who aro Interested had better got started at once so
thnt lossonB will benefit all at the
same time,
Married, at Conlhurst, Sept. 8th,
FYed rallott to Jttaa May Taylor, both
of Conlhurst.  Congratulations, Fred.
Tho Btork pnid n vfjft to thu houut
of Mr. and Mrs. John Claydon and left
n flno baby boy, Both mother and ton
are -doing fine. Good luck for you,
Mr. and Mrs. John Nash returned to
their homo in Coleman niter spending
it Wiibk vUltlhK frWiiMtf In Coalhurst.
day on their way to Taber in connection with organization .work.
'Jlr. J. Jloore, President of Coleman
Local, was inithe city.on Monday visiting his br'othe'r. ; He left on Tuesday's local for the mountains again.
'Jlrs. J, Larson and' family returned
last week after spending two weeks
up North with her parents.   '
Miss Isa and Nan Stevenson, of
Calgary, broke their journey here to
spend a day with their brothers' before proceeding to Scotland on an extended visit, ■ '     ■' •
Jlr. Robert Tennant and wife and
famijy, returned after an extended visit to their native place In Scotland.
. J. Green, the genial football referee,
met with rather a severe accident last
week whilst at work In tho-carpenters'
shop, die was at work at the'lathe
and' In somo unaccountable way his
left hand wns drawn ln, cutting off the
Index finger, the second joint ana
lacerating his thumb ln such a' way
that the doctor found It necessary to
put eight stitches In. He snys he is
lucky for It might have been tho
whole hand.
Tho nomination for District Officers
resulted ln J. K. Smith, for president;
\V. Graham for vice president; A. J.
Carter for secretary; D, Reos for International Board Jlembor and J. Lnr-
son Sub District Board Member,    „
At n rogulnr meeting of Local Union
(Ml), nnrmls', Aim., thn following wt-rc
nominated: For President, J, 13,
Smith, Fornlo; Vlcn Prosldont, Wm.
Grnhani, Coloinuii; SncreturyiTrensur-
or, Thos. Franco, Conl Crook; International Board Member, D. Rocs, Fornle; Sub District Hon nl Member,
James Burke, Bellovue,
'Mr^ Dick Heard, accompanied by
llowolls, Chambers, Forroll and Smith,
left Inst Saturday onii week's hunting.
Thn above nro ilnnd on tlw big game,
although they aro forced lo pohhobs a
license In this part, of tho country.
They loft horn lienvlly loiiduil with
provisions, a loaf of bread nnd two-
bits-worth of flour oar-h, and a llttlo
spider to cook the hot enkes (say
Dick). South Fork will not glvu the
hunters much appotltlo, but Just
enough to mnl«> tliom think thnt thuru
Is no plnc-tj llko liomo.
Somo moro trouble nround tho burg.
The other day n porson In the prime
w," '.'.". i.lv,u,iiu-..i .l.u itiibuttui ior
ndvW oti roV'-Mlon It rrom:; Uiyl
this poor Individual proposed lo nomc-
ono nbovo tho "Obsorvor'a" ohsorvn-
tory-—I RiiesH it fow InchoB off the sky-
lint'. Tho ndvlco given was satisfactory and another uttomptills taking
liwt* in oruer io uik-p um proper temperature of an leoberg. A weak heart
novor won a fair maiden,
The mines around this community
wero Idle from Friday Inst np till Tuesday.
Tho Davenport Collieries have not
hMirted opcriitloiih this month ns yet,
and only worked half tlmo In August.
Mr. J, Su.tili.kii, iuul friend from
Coal Creek, wore visiting • Pnsaburg
this wonk. rome again, Jock, you are
alw«>« welcome.
Mr. !)!*»«■ t and Nansen loft Saturday
morning for th* North Fork and returned Monday evening attar nn #»n-
Joynblf* tHp wirh the grin and rod.
The Ulaple Leaf Coal Company are
hot short of a blacksmith and helper,
as rumored a short time ago, The pit
boss is sharpening the tools and the
car greaser lights the fire previous to
the pit boss coming out of the mine.
God only knows what is going to happen on measuring day. ' No person
can make'up his books to please everybody and at the same time make
the sparks fly. Get together, boys,
and study economy, but not to. extremes.
0The other day we. noticed a man
breaking in a young horse, driving
him in a sulky. The wind was blowing
strong,from the west, but the driver'
could not possibly, make the horse
pass a certain place. He was assisted
by various Individuals who thought,
or had slept, with jockeys, but finally
the driver got disgusted and drove the
horse back to Burinls, where it belonged. ,
We are -sorry to say that one poor
woman who unfortunately lost her
husband (killed in the mine) has,not
received one cent compensation as
yet. We believe that twelve mouths
is long enough to wait for such.' The
readers of the Ledger can readily,, understand how sympathetic the master
class is towards this poor widow and
her four, little unclothed children.
(Shame on thorn). t,
The washing house at the Passburg
Collieries is now under construction
and will be ready in a short time, but
the labor^ employed in- constructing
the aboveT we are not- in a position to
state whether they are carpenters or
wood, choppers. As a rule a carpenter receives for his labor $3.85 per
day, and not $3.50, what the wood
choppers are paid. , (Wear the1 button,
you choppers).    -,
Jlr. David Phillips and Thos. Richards left. Passburg on Thursday last
on an extended trip to the land of the
leek. "Cymru cun byth"'says Phllliiy
All the boys wished'them an enjoyable time and a pleasant trip.
■The Maple Leaf Coal Company, Limited, have their' new concrete wash
house nearly completed, and it will be
a boon to the miners of that particular
camp when it is ready.
T. G. Harries paid a visit to Hillcrest . on Wednesday in connection
with some of iJIrs. Kompan's creditors.
". -Mr.-Sam JlcVickers, superintendent
of Beaver Jline's, was visiting here on
.Wednesday -last.
Mr. J. Twigg and W; Elissett, contractors, of Passburg, have contracted
for a large number of houses to be
Could any of the ^readers of' the
Ledger recommend tp. the Passburg
boys a camera strong enough to take
snapshots 'of the beloved husband
washing clothes and hanging them-out
to dry while the boss of the house ls
reading the morning papers? We wish
we were In some people'scsboes.
Jlr. Sam Fisher, of Burmis, was a
visitor at Passburg on Tuesday;
mounted on his black steed,
"A large number of houses and
shacks are under construction at the
Burmis camp during tho slack time.
iJIr. Joe Swindle, an old timer in
tho Pass, is now living in one of the
mansion houses opposite the Fairmont
Hotol, Maple Leaf. Joe always loves
an'early breakfast, menu Immaterial.
♦ ♦
♦ ♦
On Saturday last the Coleman foot-
bnll toam Journeyed to Hlllcrest and
played the first round Crnhnn Cup
with tho homo tonm. Both teams bolng In good condition a fnst game wns
soon, resulting In 2-0 In favor of Colomnn, -
The mine ls working steady so far.
but wo are Informed tlmr. wo nro going to get our share of car shortage
In the near future.
Jlossrs. Arthur Watson, Thomas
Wilson, Jamos MoPhnll and Hort
Ward, who havo boon nwny to the
Briizeiiu for sovoral mouths, returned
home Inst wook. Thoy roport times to
bo qulto brink In that part, of thu
Mrs. Jno, A. McDonald, of Coloman,
pnid her sister, Mrs, Stephen McKlnnon, n visit on .Monday,
Bllllo Barnes left for Corbin wlicro
he has accepted n position,
Mr, nnd Jlrs, Ooorgn Wnllueh, of
Ualloviie, woro visiting frlond» In I interest on Tuesday.
Mr. fciini MoVlenr, Hiiporlutundiuit of
Hon vi-r Mines, wnn In town on Wednesday.
iMrs, Iloln-rt Diinlop and son. of
Denver Mines, arrived In town Wednesday,
Mr. Ch.is. Fiu.li.-i>, liiaiiag-nr of thn
Union Hotel, drovn to the Lie Laki;
Hunch nt the week end. whero ho pnr-
chnsed n vnlnnhle horse
Ham 1'ntten n*»lgneil bin iwwltlon In
tho mine. We understand nellnvuo
ts going to bis hi* plarn '»!' nliodo for
nemo lime.
Tom Thorn mm, hotter known aa
'Capt, *f\-..u*>. »-"> Unit* .tcnou*i> ui
lust we«li ami iv.-nuw-l !» the hox-
pltnl nt Frank. We hope tn soo ymi
nrnund again noon, (Vpt.
♦ ♦
++>+♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mrs. W. L. Brldgeford left on Friday last for fireui Falls, Montana, to
whlrh plnee Mr. Hrldisefonl went a
week pr-uvlous*.. vMr. UrUmford will
go Into bualnew lu that /'Hv ami they
will make their fntiir<* h'-nw there.
While regretting their departure, their
numerous Coti-man It'iihI* ai:i «.l»h
them ovory success.
J. If. Ross pnid l.etl.bri.b'e a hiMl- \
Tit-M rlsll on Tuesd.'O. ti i i:;.!:., V.'. '• ,
ntmilny mernfnr*
A.  J.   Carter,   DUIri-t   H,irtt..ry
Treasurer of the U. JI. W. of A., spent
Tuesday in Coleman.
'Mrs. A W. H. 'McLeod and Jlrs. T.
Higginbotham returned at the end of
the week from a several weeks' visit
with relatives and friends in Nova
Sentinel Lodge, A. F. and A. JL,
held an "at home"' at their -lodge
rooms in the Eagle block Thursday
evening.- A good program, in which"
local talent participated largely, was
greatly enjoyed. • Several hours of
dancing terminated the ■ evening's entertainment.
JIIss Cameron, of Lethbridge, hold a
millinery opening at W. L. Ouimette's
general store Tuesday and Wednesday
and received a generous amount of
patronage from tho ladles of the town.
The window display caught the attention of not a few of .tlie male persuasion, who were curious to see tho lac-
esi in ladles' headgear.
The regular meeting of the Coleman
Town Council convened on Wednesday, at which some business affecting
matters In West Coleman was discussed.
What might have been a disastrous
fire in West Coleman destroyed the
residence of W. White on Tuesday
forenoon. The timely aid of the Coleman fire brigade, however, and a large
number of volunteer fire fighters, succeeded in confining the flames to one
(Continued on Page Four)
—We carry exclusive agency—
Made of P & V Leather
Big Bargains In Shoes for July
We cany a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*: Frank, Alta.
^IfielirPeople Own"
You   Want More Every Day
There's  only   one  way   to make sure  of
getting more of .theso tilings
CO-OPERATE to get them
get into the
"Thc Quality Store"
Groceries and Dry Goods
Clothing, Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
Fruit ?vA Vegetable:,
Phone 25       Victona St.        Blairmore, Alta. ir.i &
' *2
l v.'
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
bo "leased   for  a  term   of   twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre,
ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasee
to one applicant.
. Application for a lease must be made
ty the applicant ln person - to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which th* rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-dlvi-
slons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant' himself.
Each aplicatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for aro not available,
■but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon, Tf the coal mining
rights are not being operated, su<jh
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will include the coal mlslng
rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application
ahould be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be Dald fnr.
Office:  Above  Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence:  21 VIctoria^Avenue
FERNIE        -       -       -'      -    .   B. C.
Barrieter, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Ftrnle, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. \#e
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
** f-rmff*   r-nr
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
A New Factor in Industry Develops
By Fred H. Ringe, Jr.
(Secretary  Industrial   Service  Movement, New York, N. Y.) ,
.With successive* change in the basis
of labor the relation between the employer and employee has become more
complex: The' transition from' early
slavery, through serfdom to the modern wage basis, has increased the distance between employer and employee
while elevating the plane of their relationship. ■, "While employers may no
longer have to clothe and feed their
workers they f-itill have a direct responsibility for their, -welfare. The
slave was supported and .could be
compelled; the serf was protected and
could bo controlled; but the wage-
earner of today is presumed to be Independent and may, therefore, be neither compelled nor controlled. He
must be co-operated with and encouraged. The employer is now upon the
piano of mutuality with his employees
instead of being their owner, autocrat
or ''housefather" that he once -was.
Employers imve not been freed from
responsibility by the changing order.
Their direct authority over the worker has decreased, and they are, further, removed from actual contact,
their responsibility has actually increased.
Ambassador James iBryce has said
that in no country is public opinion so
powerful as in North America. Today
public opinion is placing emphasis upon the responsibility of employers;
their obligations are being emphasized
by critics, moralists and reformers,
and by the widespread sentiment of
the "people, expressed in sympathy
with the demands for a living wage,
reasonable hours, good working conditions, one day's rest in seven, employer's liability for injuries, sick and
death benefits, pension, profit-sharing,
welfare-club building, etc.
It has Ibeen said that the successful
Employer is probably not a hero', a
saint nor philanthropist, and that he
will probably fail in business if he attempts to become any of these. This
Is largely true; but if public opinion
prevails and the new standards now
showing on thc horizon are established the employer will have to embody
something of all of, these qualities.
Employers generally will have to do
what some have already learned to do
--so" splendidly.-narnely, to serve the interests of the business, the worker
and the community. This is a high
but not unrealizable ideal for the employer.
Turning to the other side of the
question,   what  conditions  have  the
by' an' employer whose testimony is
entitled to respect, because, as president of a large mill, he has been successful in paying dividends and in
winning the good. will of his employees. He spys: "The financial interests of my corporation require that I
shall do everything possible to..improve the workers' character,1 efficiency and friendliness." Notice the emphasis which he places upon the economic value of these three things—
"character,' efficiency and friendliness. The conditions surrounding arid
affecting (employees are not "only
their concern, ibut their ■ responsibility"; this responsibility to be expressed not. in paternalism, tbut .by fraternity, which, is the real need of the
Realizing these things many employers have wisely decided to put
money into welfare work, and the improvement of working, living and recreative conditions surrounding their
operatives. Some of these schemes
havo been highly successful, otliers
have failed. If we analyze the failures
we will always discover some fundamental reason. I can think of one
company, for example, which has put
thousands of dollars into' welfare
work, apparently without any lasting
result, and not many years ago, even
after the welfare work was started,
that company had an ugly strike on
its hands. Why? Because the employer had uot gone at the thing In
the right way; he had been too paternalistic. Every box of "output" which
went out of the factory had a label on
it, "We do so and so for our men.",
The average North American working-
men resents this sort of thing. As
one workman has well put it—"I
would rather have seif-respect and
some dirt than to be advertised under
improved conditions:" I heard one labor leader illustrate the point very
well, though inelegantly, when he said
"The trouble with some of the so-called welfare work is that the employer
puts his welfare thing up Into the
form of a pill and says: 'Here, damn
you, take it.'"
Attempts such as the one described
are worthy, even though Unsuccessful,
and have had their place in the present great movement for economic welfare. The truth 'Is, as many experienced employers testify, that to be jn
truly successful welfare work must ibe
"co-operative." The employees themselves must be given a.share in It. I
would be unfair to my calling were I
not to indicate at this point that the
Young'Men's Christian Association, in
industrial communities, furnishes' one
changes in the basis of labor brought
about for the employees? Certainly
each change has meant improvement.'
Better conditions by far obtain today
in the leading Industrial countries
than ever before. In North America,
particularly, we have shorter hours
of labor, higher wages, improved
health and increased safety for the
worker. There has been developed also a far more Independent, self-reliant,
spirit than In other countries. The
working man In America, being better
paid and working aml.i better condl-
pald and working amid better conditions, has a better standing socially
and politically than In other countries,
and It ls not overstating the case to
say that the skilled worker Is more Intelligent and efficient.
We may not assume that because
this Is truo now it will always remain
so. Some of the conditions- which
have favored the North American
workingmen arc changing; tho abundance of "raw material" and the "New
World energy" has made It comparatively easy, for North America to forge
to tho front iby sheer forco ot output;
but material Is becoming relatively
scarce, and keener competition must
ively established are easily and readily practicable. .The association stands
for the highest ideals for young men,
Including the Idea, of,honesty and efficiency-in all good-work. The president of one of our leading railroads
once said to me, after having had the
opportunity to observe the effect uf
the association work among his employees, that" in his opinion his railroad company could not afford to be
without the good influences of the association upon its employees. As an
employer my personal experience of
the association' coincides with this
view and it seems to me desirable that
the industrial interests of the - city
should promptly and liberally respond
to the opportunity which the assocla
tion affords for* community betterment."
Dr. J. A. Holmes, director Un.ted
States Bureau of 'Mines: "I am interested in the Y. M. C. A. work because
during the last 25 years, as I havo
passed up and down through the groat
mining camps of Pennsylvania, I have
seen places transformed through'its
work."     .
(1 R."Cabell, president of the Cabin
Cieek Coal Company, West Virginia,
has given hearty endorsement of tliu
association's work-in connection with
hts coal mining operations, and many
others could be quoted if space permitted. ,        -
As we consider these things, wliich
concern the employer, we are reminded of the fact that, their interests cannot be divided. They are mutual^ they
are Identical, and what has thus been
joined together let nothing put asunder. There are'conditions to be changed, improvements to be made, wrongs
to be righted, and advances to "be
achieved which' require joint agreement and joint effort. Let us observe
some "improvement", in conditions,"-
which are called for after careful
study of some of these very problems
iby prominent men:
A living wage, as a minimum in ev-
try industry and for the highest wages
that each industry can afford.      '
The gradual .and -reasonable reduction of the hours of labor to the lowest practical point,' and for that decree of leisure for all which is a condition of the highest human life'. ,
A release from employment one day
The principle of conciliation and arbitration in industrial dissensions.
. The protection of the worker from
dangerous    machinery,    occupational
disease, injuries and mortality.    „
The abolition of child slavery. ■
He; produce .real result, we^need
What "Is supplied to the'British-Indus'-"
trial democracy by the Co-operative'
Movement,' and- other 'public-spirited
agencies, in great measure, gamely,'
systematic education of the people ia
the knowledge which'' governs their
economicand social-affairs.'antl -will
-also give them the power to protect
themselves Irom 'capitalistic parasitism and oppression. They need.tb be
instructed in the social essentials, necessary to establish fraternal ■ unity,
and to foster "maintenance of general
enthusiasm for and courageous attach-,
ment to principle in order to overcome
misfortunes, to meet difficulties,' and
to insure progress and success. The
people' need .'to be tauglit to depend
Jess upon capitalistic governments for
redress of social and economic wrongs
and more upon themselves; to be self-
respecting and self-reliant' in the advancement of their common interests.
It is the duty, of co-operative societies
and the Co-operative,Union to contribute thereto to the utmost of their
power. Unless the highest importance
is attached by co-operators to education there can be no material or enduring progress. The lack of- educational .facilities, and worse still of appreciation of the need of.tliem, ls "the
obstacle in the way of* co-operation.*'
." , . Absence of educational machinery In co-operative societies is "the
condition which is so different here."
. . . Professor Stuart put his finger
the governing factor pf our present
success, and the determining one as to
our future progress towards the co-operative commonwealth, when he said-
"Education is the life blood of the cooperative movement.—Canadian Co-
a $er0us:Pi^bl&mr
An estimate of-the coal'reserves of:
the world has been .compiled -by'a
committee of-the geologists who met
early in- August:at ^Toronto;' Canada,
and a. three-volume report was sub-
mitted'lby Secretairy.R. W.'Brock and.
the special* committee appointed to
study the resources of the world's coal
supply,. This' committee comprised:-
G. G. S.' Lindsay, of Toronto; F. D*.
Arfams, of Montreal; R. W. Brock, of
Ottawa; 1). B. Dowling ancl Charles
Fergie, of Nova Scotia; James Mc-
Evoy, of British Columbia, and J.'-B.
.Porter, of' Montreal.
The report shows that America has
the most coal of any of the five continents. Of the dwindling visible supply of hard. anthracite' Asia has far
tho largest supply. Following Is/a
table showing just how the world at,
largo stands for'1 coal in the second
decade of the twentieth century.
These figures include totals for the
three 'classes of coal, figures for each
of which are given in the report, the
three classes comprising anthracite,
bituminous, and : sub-bituminous,
brown and lignites. The figures represent the "number of billions of tons:
Anthracite    Total
America     22,542 , 5,105,F>28
Europe    54,346      784,190
Asia    407,637   1,279,586
Africa  :  11,542 .      57,839
Oceania  ..'       659^179,410
admirable basis for welfare work in
which the vital principle of co-operation Is given due regard. Employees
pay their own money for membership
privileges; the employer contributes
his share, and the men elect their own
board of directors. The Y. IT. C. A,
belongs to the employees as'well as to
the employer. A carefully trained secretary is provided to supervise and
promote the work. The local association derives the great advantages resulting from its relation to the International Committee and the more than
2,000 other branches in North America!' The Association is operated and
supported ln connection with the cotton, lumber, coal and many other Industries, and is also effectively-tat
work on 80 per cent of -the railroad
mileage of the United States, in construction camps, and even in government reclamation camps. It has taught
over 15,000 foreigners English, during
the past year, and thereby Increased
(their efficiency to tlieir employers. It
hab enlisted 1,000 engineering Rtu-
doiits In volunteer service for working
men so that both have been helped,
and tho coming engineer has been giv-
en a training which will enable lilm to
be waged hereafter with othor nations.' handle mon moro successfully In what-
Receive Th* Letfgsr don't bl«m# vi.
W*Uh the ditt of Ute wplrallftit et
yvttr wtocrljrt-feft wfckh It ?tit.U4 -tm
th« «4f«l1  IttM <<int*tnln$ jwrr ml-
Tariffs aro no longer a dependable
protection for wages.
As each of theso factors in former
Industrial advantage disappears thero
comes the demand for somo compensating fnctor, nnd "wo can find It only
in increased skill and efficiency on tho
part of tho worker." This Is n serious
matter for both employer and employee. Efficiency nnd skilled workors are already scarce—every employer knows this-and there ia no supply
in sight. Tlio Incrcnso ln skill Iiiih not
kept pace with Industry's proKrnss.
In our system of ndiicntlon nt fault,
and nro tlio boys being educated away
from thn industrlos? Has Hocloty looked down upon tho worker while smiling upon thn clerk and proftwuloiittl
nutti? Or 1ms industry Impound ton
lioiivy demands upon tlio workers? I
do not try tn answer; but a remedy
for this .-011(111 Ion mum bo kIvimi to vocational training of workers, nit it It Is
encouraging to noto tlint edited tors,
employers, philanthropic agencies, nnd
trades unions nro recognizing this. If
i,rn;t-,t\unl labor could do as much toward .Increasing efficiency as it has towards Increasing wages what a contribution It would make?
Tho change that lias done most to
brevent the larger prosperity and progress of Industrial workers 1* tho In-
ereMtlwr illnt«nen between the employ-
; er ami employee.  The growth in size
j lii m.Uli» iU» ttlpiltitieti! tl'lOnc V-n'lU .Vi.;
' ),l>:lm\   ItigcilifT   ll)   JuU-re-vi,   UHil   Vlt.'
■ rnntraet-*) whlrh formerly mMti friend-
I Hnms possible are illmlnlnhlnir. "Thin
) personal Intercourse nnd sympathy be-
1   l*,*r.r..*     r>*r.,tlftt'li9    r,„,*j    f,rr,r\*f\*'tit.    It    »1, rt
medium for the (ran am I union of dtat
subtle ftomethlng; «hl*rh, while having
no place on the records of industry,
ha* been the basis of Industry's greatest acblfti'emHifa,"
■Call It morale, loyalty, esprit de
corp*, or mml wllf. ff l« fh.it <vhfi»h
| It detenbed liy someone under tho
'"art of «'ir" "fn «11 nerloi}* ef ivnr."
] he ftftj'K, "ni.d-t-r nil ttin&Mrm** t,t arm*,
j the moral forces whlrh affect armies
over buslnoss bo undertakes.
Tho schemo abovo outlined works.
It builds character. It promotes efficiency, It makes right relationships.
It yields dividends. Ono coal operator
says; "By aotual statistics tlio output
of coal from our rnlnos dropped 10 per
cent, ovory Monday nftor tho dissipation of my men on Saturday and Sundny, Slneo putting up the Y. M. C. A.
building tlio mon havo had a decent
place ln which to spend their lcimiro
tlmo, and tho drop in output has boon
greatly docroased." That's tho kind
of "religion" thnt appoals to overy employer. IlognrdloBB of creed or religious affiliation, note tho following
from prominent employers:
,ludgo Hlhort IT, Clary, chairman of
tho board of directors, Unltod States
Stool Corporation: "I am glad to do-
elnro my belief In the advantage ol
having (i Young Men's Christian Association In nn Industrial community, «s
tending greatly to tho building up of
tho men, and therefore Increasing
their efficiency."
Frederick Lewisobn, president of
the Teiine'Hseo Copper Company: "f
am greatly Impressed with tho manner
In which tho Young Men's Christian
Association of Ducktown, Tenn., ha*
established Itself, and from what I
have observed It its gratifying; to all
concerned, as It helps very mueh in
banding tho employees togother  -n
Suitable provision for the old age'of
the workers and for' those incapaci-
tated by injury."
I do not say that these demands are
right; but If they are how can they be
met except by co-operation? Legislation may accomplish much in estab:,
lishing"" uniformity and curbing unsocial tendencies on the part of selfish
employers who disregard progressiva
tendencies in order to get an advan-,
tage, For example, the "department
store which keeps open longer than,its,
rival, or the manufacturer who saves
the money his competitor spends for
betterment; but there are limitations
to the benefits of "legislation." On the
other hand "the value of co-operallon
is unlimited."
'The future of Industry will ahow tho-
superlative law to be that which doc*
not affect methods and machinery, but
mon; and the law governing methods
and machinery is natural, while that
which must govern mon Is supernatural. The test of industry's success will
not he profit gained regardless of
wrong inflicted or burdens Imposed,
but tho greater profit through right
dealing nnd right rolatlons. Tho policy thnt Increases the happiness and
contentment of the workors usually results ln the largest dividends to tho
stockholders.—Tho Coal and Coko Op-
• Abnormal conditions of the air in a
mine undermines the working capacity of miners, jiisL as it does men
working in badly ventilated buildings.
There is always something happening
to the air in a mine. In one way or
another the oxygen is being absorbed,
carbonic acid oxygen is being formed,
and other bad gases are being generated. The breathing of the working
men and animals, the combustion if
illumlriants, and exhalations from the
underground crevices all play their
share.    -1
Miners' lamps or candles show the
loss and decrease of oxygen by growing dim. If the oxygen falls from 20
to 18 the ordinary lamp or candle will
go out, and' the workers grow( blue in
the face, sigh, yawn and breathe irregularly. IWhen this happens the
working efficiency of the miners will"
be seen to fall off as much as from
50 to 100 per cent. Weakness of,arms
and legs may occur, even fainting and
loss of consciousness.
Some men grow excited, sing, shout,
^|t(anQTT)*g=racli=*a«^._(2Qy^l*ogg ^QTj(|_fall-in.-
observe ordinary^ caution, not realizing the danger they are in. With the
increase of heat in the mines thero is
also additional danger. Evaporation,
radiation and sweating help to keep
this down. By drinking plenty of cold
water miners are, able to combat this
heat and keep up their efficiency. -
A mine that is liberally, supplied
with cold drinking water gets more
and better work out of its men than i
mine that is not thus supplied. A
plentiful supply of drinking water is
as necessary as air. The efficiency of
minors can be measured by the wet-
bulb temperature guago.—Exchange.
The American Federation of Labor
has sent out tho "S. O. S," signal for
contributions to aid the strikers in the
Michigan copper-mining district en petition of the officers of the Western
Federation of Miners.'
The trl-dlstrlct board of District
Nos, 1, 7 and 0, of the United .Mine
Workors of America, will moet ln Shenandoah on October 7, If International
President John P. Whlto can too prbB-
ont. Thp board Is to tako up tho mat-
tor of arranging a conferonco with tho
mine operators to discuss the chock-
off system, which the minors aro anx-
Ioub to havo tho operators grant them.
Ancients Never Worked
Saturday Afternoons
In the enrly days of industrial lilti-
tory Parliament and the Kings, both
in ICnglnnd nnd on tho Continent, took
an active part In regulating the working hours ns woll as tho wagos of
their subjects, By doing this it was
believed tha King could protect III a
own Interests, ln addition to tliotto of
tho pooplo, agnlnst unscrupulous employers. An Knjtllsh statuto, mado by
King IV. In tho early port of tho fifteenth century, fixed the legal hours
of the country laborer* from 5 o'clock.
In the morning until 7 o'clock In tho
evening from March until September,
but from September until tho following (March thoy were dnly to work
from "tho springing of tho day lirttll
the night of the snmo dny." They
were always to havo hnlf nn hour for
breakfast and an hour and a half for
»Hnn'er wMii the, nrlvWntti* nf n nun
from May until August, and wero to
i feuua iiw-.tfWA.Hy, j work on tfaturilaya only until noon.
(It-urnt* H. C.urillnrr, president of.ihe   Tr.utii\fi in the ahopa on Sunday* and
I Kistman^lardlner Lumber Company; I jhm,^*™ ntM forbl-4-fon.
! "We have » branch of the association !    jn   'mci]|cvni   timc9   the ' Snturday
fhju t'ttt) (thn jr-f.*! dMfrrr.iiiir.jj fhi>
! tort ef victory, and on a uii** t**i\it\<(
| of the moral pu!*o of arnile* the skill
jcf gnat cataui&nder» hua th'&tly At-
What f hav* in mind U litaatrat*!
nt our logging camp In addition to thc
.,m„ .,, t iii-fM MUalsstnnI nttrt ire
pleased beyond expression with the
result* of oar two years* etperfenre.
I hope ihat many other manufacturers
mny become Interested."
!-:. J. Mfflngton, president of the Illinois Steel Company. Chicago: "it
seem-**! tn m*> thnt the flnlm ef fhe
Voun« Men"» Christian As«odatinn for
lht< support of lndnstrlal inti'rests In
Ji romnranity fhoald be readily rer«-
nlied and iw-sponded lo liberally, Thc
ri'LioTl. t>t nMt-ttmni in Ue ^iretiton
*«W«   -9.   —•«...   *..-..-.*.-    --     -- ---        .   i   ... .. ,.j    t.. ,..,., utt ,',4,   mt.19    .491. V       9.   p.-».«      .
(tt hl«h ur&iU work done by the ai-uv ! mock** Ih- in every town" (hat emoloy
elation alonu ahould win thia support. J era who worked their pooplo otorilmo
Tim beatfli* rm-litd ly 'itulu^iiM i'i-\tuU*.l U: ihruM into them.   Bticaants
LcvuiiU ta communfff'"? vcfi<'n< th*. ,*h
KXlatton orfanttaticn U «*■!» and se
en for recreation. Indeed not—it was
bathing time for tho grontcr pnrt of
tho community.
Most barbarians, judged by modern
standards, woro anything but cleanly
itt thoir porsonnl habits, ln England,
Franco and Qormnny bathing was an
almost unknown custom until after
tho Crusades. Tho pilgrims from tho
hlast brought homo with them Idons of
tho hath as a hnlp In tho treatment of
disease, and bath-rooms woro gradually introduced Into tho hospitals and
tho ideas of bathing spread generally
Persons who had boon treated thero
saw tho valuo of keeping the body
clean in order to resist dlsoaso. Tho
plague that swept over Europe In tho
early years of the fourteenth century
helped to teach this lesion.
By the fifteenth century thero was
seareelv n larite eltv thar did not possess well-pntronlzed public bathing os<
(.tiiiui'imuat*, ui'u'iougi-i it \*a» nut until the seven teen tli century that the
Turkish bath was introduced, and not
nntll the eighteenth century that sea
bathing, so common among tho Amnr-
Why Saturday wat chosen as bathing tlmo is not difficult to imagine.
On Sunday everybody was compelled to go to church, whether ho would
or not. As the -.Moslem In tho Kast
hathfd before enferln/r the monone, so
did medieval man before entering hia
rhnrrh. only ho must lake hia bath on
Saturday aftemoan in order to be
clean the following day. There waa
even a dl*1rtb«tlots of bath aocey to
Ua children whose parontt were nc-
nb'e to pny for their ba»ha Xo ono
ml-gbl itipKUttli the altar of tlie Lord
tfi'-ra w.1.; j. CiUi-JUy LatffcolM-i-l" it  wMM mtrfMn.—The Conl unit ?•**+
Totals 496,846   7,397,553
The greater part of the known coal
reserves of the world is found in the
northern hemisphere,' D. B. Dowling
says in the introduction, the fact being
due to the greater amount'of land in
the northern zones and the comparative absence of the carboniferous formation of the world's crust in the
southern hemisphere.- The great coal
basins of Western Europe and' Eastern North America contain, a larger
proportion of the world's known coal.
A large part of the coal included in
the estimate it will be impossible to
mine, because of its depth or inaccessibility, and considerable loss in mininc
will have to be deducted before arriving at the net total available fo:- the
world's consumption. ,
The report also gives interesting
figures concerning the coal production covering the period since 1863 to
1P10; Coal mining figures wer? not
available for Australia, New Zealand,
China; Japan, South Africa, or Canada,
until 1895.' The United States is the
greatest coal mining country^ producing, over, 445,810,000 tons in 1910 out
of a world's" total of 1,133,380,000 tons.
tonsj about four times as much .is in
ISSiu.        .
Great Britain produced 264,500,090
tons, and Germany, the next" producer, mined.221,980,000' tons. The next
greatest coal producing country Is
France, with only 38,570,000 tons in
China has the bulk of the remaining
hard coal; and is credited with 387,-
464,000,000 tons- in reserve,- and ■ <!07,-.
523,000 tons of bituminous.
Of the American continelit's.reserve'!-
Canada-has "2,158,000,000tons  of  anthracite,  or.l,234,769,000,600wtons   of -
all, three-classes;  the ■ United ■ States-  ■
have  i9,684,000',000,  altogether-!'  Newfoundland, with no anthracite, has 500.;
million tons'of .bituminous, and. Can-'-
tral, America, five million  tons altogether.-     "   ,'     .'•-•■■       -   '   ■.
While coal is„ found1,in commercial
quantities iu;{il"most all the European   -
countries; saysrthe- report, thetsupply
is-nearly exhausted.-   Switzerland is
one of these:    The diminishing coal'
supply of Europe as a whole is a mat- ,
ter of grave concern In view of tho
present output.    The principal-Euro- •
pean supply of' anthracite Is ln the
Welsh coal fields of Great Britain nnd "
in tho'Donetz -basiiuin Russin.'
,The largest European , reserves of
bituminous coal aro ln the Belgo-Ger-
man  basins,  although  Great Britain -
has a.larger bituminous field of easy
mining accessibility,
In the analysis of the American supply, actual and probable, Nova Scotia,
Alberta and British -Columbia are
credited with the main supply for Canada Ontario only shows a jsmall "probable" reserve-of "25,000,000 tons of«in-
ferior soft variety. The "actual"
"probable" and "possible" coal reserves of. all qualities, for the", entire
world is set down at 7,?97,553 billion
tons. Of this estimate :',105,528 billions are credited to America, 'including botli' North and. South continents;
to Asia, 1,270,586 billion; Europe," 784,-
190 million; Oceania, 170,410 million; '
Africa, 57,839 millions.
A large volume of maps accompan-', -
les the three large' volumes constituting the report .'proper, and the dlstrl- ■.
button of the coal areas is shown upon
the map of each country.
The Canadian government is said^to
have paid'out $50,000 on new surveys .
for information to be incorporated in
this report.   Russia sent enough original information to fill a separate volume,  as  did  Japan.    These  reports ■
were furnished at great expense by -
the governments concerned, fhe maps
are originals, with the exception of
certain recent standard maps.   No private  enterprise  could , possibly  have
published this huge report-,as a busi-~
ness' venture.   Information of an exact character could not have been obtained by private parties.   The co-operation of the different governments
of the world with the geological Congress  alone' made  it  possible.—The
Coal and Coke Operator!
tective, defied the Senate investigating committee to compel him to -tell -
the name of a Pennsylvania coal oper*.
ator who, Shipley had stated, had told,
him "outside" coal operators fomented
the West Virginia strike on Paint and
Cabin €reeks.  It would be interesting •
to a great many folk to' know the'
name of this party.  We confess to an-
Itching curiosity to have this lnforma- ■'
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Steam Heawd Throughout
J, L. GATES, Proprietor ,
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Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Ruth STM
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
half holiday scums to havo boon nl-
pleased with his work," say* a Ku'.on
Wig ordinance, "consequently no otic
must bo overworked," Even Fordlr,-
and 1.—*H&8Dl--ono of tho most fo
roclous king* who ever sal on a
throna of the Holy Roman Empire, ac-
rcpfcrf this nnvlm, .irnf rtiFffrt thnt fo
the imperial mines tho miners were io
wnrk dr>h' i■■»)'., hmirn n lav. TJif old
low nipt) i xjilltltly stated t-hitt irork
after Saturday at noon »«• to bo
strictly s,f£.bJV.ti**iJ. sa/3 thst *"* p*W tf/
i mast not be thought that thi* wm ftir*-
C r? rvonrx
Insurance, Real Estate
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Dry, Goods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
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Brewing Co., Ltd.
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Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
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Wholesale Dealers in
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For out'Foreigh Brothers
iBoly doby, kedy hlavnou'- vj'tkou
proti socialismu bolo, zesai chce delit'.'
A jeozajimav6, ze neveriJi tejto bajke
bohafii, ktori by boli delenim nieCo
ztratill, ale ie jej verill l'udia, ktorl
sami ni-5 nemali. -Mai? chalupnlk,
ktori musel popripade svoju 2enu a
dc6ru zapriahnut'-v pluh, poneva5 si
nemohol zaopatrit' Uobytok do zapra-
hu, fool zarytym nepriatel'om soclalismu, obavajuc sa, ie. socialist! sa
prijdu s nim delit'. ,.''
.Ubofciaci! Socialistl sa nechcu s
nik^m delit'. Socialism chce vsak od-
stranit' dne§n6 sukromn6 vlastniotvo
no v^robn^ch prostriSdkoch, ako sii
pozeni'ky, hudovy, tovarne, stroje a
pod., a,chce vSetky v?robn6 prostriedky .previest' v ruky celej spoloCnosti.
Socialism '' poznal, ako v dne&nom
spbsobe v?robnom namezdn? rohotnik
stava sa preto zavlsljm na kapitalisto-
vi, ponova6 tento je majltel'om v£rob-
n?ck prostriodkov k v^robe tovaru
nevyhnutne nutitfch. J«stli chce rohotnik vykonat' neaku u'ttoCnu pracu,
pri ktorej by si ziskal iivobytle, musl
sa obratlt na kapltallstu sp iiadost'ou,
aby ho nechal pracovat' vo svojej tovarne na stroji, ktor? vlastnl kapita-
list. Kapitallst k tomu mllostlvo zvolJ,
alo za to odbavi robotuika almuSnlc-
kou mzdou, a sam si pohe'cha cel£ v?t'-
aifcok rohotnikovej namahe. Jestll sa
ma robotnikovl dostat' cel^ho v^t'aZku
prace jeho, bolo by treba, aby v?robn*6
prostriedky may bud' ka2d? Tobotnlk
s'voie, ajeho- aby ich mal isty celok,
kto'rj-. by 'ich dal robotnikovi k dispo-
sicii/ iPonevaS 'na to niet ani pomy-
slenia, aby kazdtf robotnik may svoje
pozemky, svoje tovarne a svoje stroje,
vyBaduje socialism, aby tieto vyrobne"
prostriedky ma.la cela spoloSnost',
ktora. by" nechcela mat' zisk z pre-
po&iCavania ich robotnikom.
To chce socialism, ale sa nechce
•A i.ked'by sa cheer delit', tak by
iste nebol tak nerozumn^, aby sa iliel
delit' s l'ud'mi, ktori sami niCoho.ne-
maju, iba s-voju biedu, s maljmi 1'ul'-
mi, s domkarmi a pod. Kedfty sa socialism chcel delit'j tak by iste dovie-
dol majst' osoby, s ktorymi by delit'
sa stalo za to. K churdakom by iste
neSiel; mail l'udia nemusla mat' za
2iadn?ch okolnosti strach, ie ich socialist! prepadnu a hudu sa s nlml delit'.
Tato v^tka ostatne ztratlla, ni ho
ne na kursu. Pridriaju sa jej len lst-6
"vynlkajuce" -osoby, akym Je na pr.
Rev. Moravek, HuSek a podobnl jiidaSI
slov... robotnootva. Tito a podobn?
Mohykanl, bu doslal' zastancami tejto
hlupej 121, vSak nie za darmo.
My vSak moieme pozorovat', ako
SirokS, vrstvy 6im d'alej tfm menej
verla tomuto nesmyslu. — Ved' u2
netiahne ani nadavka ie socialisti su
nevlastenci, vol'nolaskari — a ta pred-
Ba dost dlho posobila na nemysliaci
l'lil.'* — ako teda,' by mala posobil'
klebeta, ie socialisti sa chcu delit'?
prirtance at "this time, We have es-.
tablished branch office's of our union
at Trinidad, VValsenberg, ; Florence;
Aguilar and Raton, each bf these places being the centre of large coal fields,
and.due to this division'of our field
forces we are able to reach all the
men in the district on short notice. I
.have been trying . for almost two
months to get the operators of this
district to meet us in joint conference
for the purpose of discussing and adjusting all points at issue. They have
not as yet replied .to our invitation to
meet us in conference, either being
unwilling or afraid to make their position known at this time, and as a result .of their dilatory tactics they are
being judged rather harshly hy the
public, which, in the finality, will
wield a tremendous influence on this
situation We have proceeded with
our campaign here slowly, but surely,
diligently and systematically, until today we have the situation so well in
hand that we feel we can strike this
entire district, if necessary, on twenty-
four hours' noticei We are at thi»
time sending out another invitation to
the operators asking them to meet
with us in joint convention at Trinidad, Colo., next Monday, Sept. 15, and
in the event of their failure to attend
this convention, it Is very probable
that Ahe miners' delegates there assembled will frame their demands and
send out a strike order to all the miners in the District. I feel sure I express the sentiment ofvevery miner In
the West, when I say, "Colorado, now
or never."—U. M. W. A,- Journal.
Biennial Shutdowns
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That the coal miners of Illinois are'
probably better organized than those
of any other coal- mining State is
stated by Edward W. Parker, statistician for the United States Geological
Survey. One.result of this has been
the establishment throughout the coal
mining regions of the eight-hour day;
but the habitual bi-yearly shut-down
has naturally resulted in long periods
of idleness and loss of income to operators and employees.
In-1906 practically all the important
mines were 'shut down, and 49,792
men out of a total of 61,988 were idle
for an average of 58 days each. This
was equivalent to an average of 4S
days of idleness for each of the 61,988
employees,- and was equal to 25 per
cent, of the total time made.   • -
In 1908 the suspension was not so
long, nor were quite as many men affected, 47,456 men out of a total of
68.035 .-being idle _fQr_anlayerage_ of^3_7_
days, equivalent to an average idleness of 26 days for each of the 68,035
employees, and equal to' 14 per cent,
of,the total number of days worked by
each man during the year.
■ In 1910, out of a total of 72.645 men!
67,218 were idle for an average of
136 days, and the total time lost was
equivalent to 0,133,953 working days.
Tho total time made by the 72,645 men
employed was 11,612,966 days, or an
average of1160 days each. The idle
time in 1910 was nearly SO per cent,
of tho working time made, The total
number of men employed in 1912 was
78,098, who worked an average of 194
days.   Idleness clue to strikes or sus
pensions affected a total of • 60,505
meni who lost an'average of 33 days.
The aggregate ridle time due to labor
troubles was 13 per cent, of the total
time made.    *•
•Of 59,885,226 short tons of .coal produced in. Illinois in 1912, 26,878,049
tons, or 44.9 per cent., were mined by
machines; 7,675,805 tons, or 12.8 per
cent., were pick-mined, and 24,136,940
tbns, or 40.3 per cent., were "shot off
the solid."
In 1911 45.6 per cent, of the total
Illinois product was machine-mined;
and 40.3 per cent, was "shot off the
solid."        ;-.
These figures show that a comparatively small proportion of Illinois
coal is hand-mined, and the relatively
large amount^ "powder-mined" is discreditable and inexcusable. In this
respect Illinois stands in.unfavorable
comparison with West Virginia, where
tion in 1912 was-shot off the-solid.
The. larger proportions of machine-,
mined tonnage in 1912 is gratifying,
and bears out Mr. Parker's statement
in the Survey coal report for 1911 that
the Illinois operators were determined
to reduce as much as possible the pernicious practice,;of "making the powder do the work." ■
The flat-lying character of the Illinois beds is favorable to machine-running, and there appears to be no good
reason for permitting solid-shooting
to continue. The numiher of mining
machines in use increased from 1,402
in 1911 to 1,054 in 1912,—Tho, Coal and
Coke Operator.
Some writers and orators who know
less ahout the labor question than
they do about the North Pole.'declare
that trade unions destroy personal liberty and keep all the workers down to
"a. dead level of sloth ,and incompetency." "      '
This is' just as true as to say that
the seat in a street car destroys the
liberty of the passengers to stand up.
' There never was a more shameless
fraud than this "right to work" proposition in'the way that it is. being
put forward by the trusts. The right
to work for nothing is not a right. It
is a wrong. ,
What are trade unions organized for
if not to obtain more personal liberty
for their members? Can any one seriously imagine that a body of men will
band together and pay dues for years
for the sake of getting less personal
liberty than they have?
What does liberty mean?i Is a man
free who has nothing to say about his
wages and his'hour3 of labor? Is a
man free who takes the harness and
the whip as obediently as a cart
horse? Is a man free whose only aim
in' life is to do what he is told and
take what he is offered? If this is
freedom, "then .the trusts' must have a
peculiar dictionary of their own.
iXo man is free who has not some-
thing to_ say about^_^toe_conditlo2s-
"usaef~whicli he works., —Herbert N.
Cason.. ' o      *.
Occupational Diseases
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horsef. for Sale.
Buys Horeea on Commlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
Abstract of Address Beforo American
. Public Health Association at
Colorado Springs, Colo.
A "Lodgor" adv. is an
List of Locals District 18
No,        Name See. and P. O. Addreia
l*t\ T**r,.*,*t\, .9 A 19    9*** i' -'       *'   * '      ;'
•      ........ M      ..,,,......,.,      .,M^-M..<,J-f     M-AU-bMlM-J,    t*t*9t,
481 fli-uivnr C,ri\**\< ,T. T-nnirhrnm, donvor CrrrV, via Pinch cr, .Min
431 Uollovtio. tamos Tlurko, nox Ud, nollovuo, A.ltn.
at83 Blalrmoro ,W. h. Bvana, Walrmoro, Alta.
919 Dannli  T, G. Harriet, Paaaburg, Alta.
2227 Carbondalo J, Mitchell, Carbondale, Coloman, Alta.
1387 Canmoro N. B. Thachuk, Canmoro, Alta. •   i
«v»« k.MttM , ,.i, lUiUtlhlllUtt, COIflMIII, A-'Jlll.
2877 Corbin J. Jonoi, Corbin, D, C.
1116 Chinook Mines Jas. Horno, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
2178 Diamond City ,J. K. Thornhlll, Diamond City, Lotbbrldfe.
2314 Fornle. Thoa. Uphill, Fornlo, D. C.
1263 Frank Kvnn Morgan. Frank, Alia.
2497 Hosmer \V. Balderstone, Hosmer, D. C.
1159 Illltcre-it. Ja*. Oonori, JUtkr-nM,, Alu,
674 Uthbrldf L. Mooro, 1731 Sixth Avenue, X. Uth bridge.
11*p T.othbrMffO Collieries..Tuuli. EUuluuluuu, CoalhUint, A1U.
1829. .Maplo Leaf T. O. Harries, Paaaburg, Alta.
2134 Mlchol M. Tturrell. Mkh«l, 11. C.
. 14 Monarch Mines  Wm. Hynd. Klcan P. O., Taber, Alia.
2353 Panbnnr* •  T. O. Harriet, Paaaburg, Alt*.
2589 Royal View Geo. Jordan. Royal Collloriea. Ulhbrldf*. Alta.
IM Taber,.. A. Patteraoa, Taber, Alta.
"From sickness nlono our moro
monoy loss onch yonr Is thrco-qunr-
ters of n billion dollars. Conservative
American authorities doclnro tlmt at
least one-fourth of this annual loso—
approximately $200,000.000 —can' ho
proven tml," Bald Dr. John Tl. Andrews,
of Now York, Rocrotuvy of tho American AHaoclntlon of Labor Legislation,
"llccmitly thoro hns boon a romnrlc-
ablo development of, interest In oecn-
pntloniil diseases, of which 'plwssy
jiiw," load colic, mliierH' UKthnin, hat-
tors' hIuiIioh, pnttnr-H' rot, boiler linkers' df-iil'iienti nnd tho brass workers'
clilllH nro merely suggest I vo, Tho medical director for tho I'miiiHylvniiln Kiim
Hlvor tunnels In llion roportod 'l,*i!*!i
canon of tlie 'bonds,' or cnmi-ross-vl-it't'
illness. Tlieve are war*.* of tndusivl.il
poisons' one of which alone (leudl Is*
In dnlly, use in mora tliini l.'O tni.l.-c.
Hilt these spoctnculiii' effects of occi-
pntlonnl dlsonso nre trivial oomimrert
wiih tlio grndunl Inworlnir of vitality
caused hy the daily hroiithlng of lm-
liuru nlr nml hy continual overstrain.
"In what Industrlos aro those dl-
soaso hazards most iirovaloni ? How
many workers nro af footed ? How
many dlo? Is occupational disease
necessnry? Tho wholo problem of
education, sanitation and legislation,"
declared,Dr. Andrews, "Is hiiltud and
workers unnumhorm! nro smitten with
trado diseases yenily, all for tho want
,» ., ltui*. -?"vV<-V'."'.::', ir.!.:1;..:.'.!;.,
"th*. iirovviiiliou ot occupational disease*," continued Dr, Andrews, "Is
too groat an undertaking to b* lott
entlroly to Individual notion, It cannot bo left to tho worknr.'who oven
ti'ltnn   nrtt    (...t-^i-nn*   r*9   *l,n   .*»„,*..,.,.   t,.
drlvon hy necessity to hia task. It
cannot bo entrusted to tho employer,
whoso principal business, after all, undor competitive conditions. Is to secure profits. It can not ho left to
medical treatment alone, for prevention and Tint sffiT rsr« Is thi* rnmedy.
Not only on account of the magnitude
of thn problem, hnl also Wnim* of
Its naiur*. the prevention of occupational dlaeaae Is properly a function
of government.
"Future labor legislation and fourt
detlitont w-fekh mark t-h* pun of -social proflrresa," aald 1>.  Antlrt*wi In
conclusion, "will be based upon scientific study of Industrial, hygiene.
While such researches aro undor way
wo should einphasl7.o nt every opportunity Hib following considerations:
(1) All preventable occupational diffuses must be prevented; (2) those
occupational iIIm-hbos which we do not
yot. know how to prevent must' bo reduced to a minimum, and (3) the vie-
time of occupational dlseiiso must bo
compensated ifi, their Injuries by
somo just system of Insurance."---V.
M. W. of A. Journal.
(By Frank J. Hayes)
Wo are milking splendid progress
In Colorado. We feel confident a new
star will be added :o our banner beforo many more days. District I.',
onibi'iicIiiK the States of Colorado,
New Mexico and I'tnh, is thn only
district west of tho .Mississippi liver
that Ib yet unoi'Kiinlzo.l, It. Is coin-
inonly known us the "West Virginia
of tho West," iuul tho sainii despicable
tactics are being oinployud liern In
keeping the men In subjection tlint
were, used ln lhat State. Armed
CUnrds and so-called detectives are
very much In evidence, and mnny aro
tlm outrages they have committed In
their futile efforts to keep out our
Despite nil tlieir efforts, however,
our movement j-rows stroiiKer eacli
day. The miners of 'nurthorn Colo-
rndo, who have been on  strilm for
moro thnn forty-one months, nro still
„i„,.**<ii, .. 1..  ii    *    ,* ...
snd nre more dntermlnorl tbnn ever In
defoat tho efforts of tho operators to
make this u non-union Htato, Our
campaign In bouihem Colorado, vyliere
about tlireu-fourlhs of tho conl miners
of this Statu lire located, will have tx
*Uv.-i,iuv.ii iii.n.i-i.i-K uii Vim MlliUi 111 -Vtie
north, nnd I believe, will mean tho
comploto organization of overy mino
In the State mid (ho establishment of
a wage agreement wilh our union.
Our success In southern Colorado
also means tho unionization of nil thn
mlnea in f.tah ami New .Mexico. This
la why our campaign to ' unionlr.o
Houilinn*) €oli»i.ulo U of »uch vital im-
Was Industry made for Man or was
Man mado for Industry?
If Man was made for Industry, then
it is just that Industry should be the
Master and Man tho Blave. It Is just
that five hundred thousand men and
women should .be killed and injured
annually while tbey minister to the industrial deity; it is right that humanity writhe In agony under the goad
of the industrial taskmaster.
If, on the other hand, Industry wns
made foriMan, thon It is just that Man
should be the Master nnd Industry the
Slave, It ls fair that any' calling'
which crushes men's bodies, destroys
the souls of women and llttlo children,
or takes a toll of life und joy greater
than Its contribution to the happiness
of the community, should be reformed
or abolished.
Two,thousand years ajro Jesus rebuked the I'hnrlsees a nil justified Ills
disciples—who had picked corn on the
Sabbath ilny—in thero words: "Tho
Sabbath wns nnule for mnn, nnd not
man for the Snhbath." The world lis-
tons for the modern prophet who shall
proclaim: "Industry was mndo for
Man, and not Man for Industry."—
Scott Neniing, Iu Kvoryborty's Magazine,
The following was written by n miner'In 11 a rin ii county, Kentucky, on the
side of one of the new nti-el hopper,
100.000-pound en parity, ears or the
Lackawanna & Northeri Hallway:
-T,h*t-1' built mu fur a butih-nhlp,
"■Hut I wouldn't carry a gun;
flo they used me for a conl car,
And I carry fifty-ton,
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Gall in and
see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
?  '
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found Just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
,- When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
—> Dealers In ~-
Lumber, L-ith, Shingles, Sash and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Moulding*,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson av«.
Opposite G. N. Depot. P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23. i
FERNIE :: :: :: B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
$10,000,000      Capital Paid Up       6,925,000
Total Assets      72,000,000
Capital Authorized ..
Reserve and Undivided Profits  .-...     .8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, Presided          HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prei.
0                BRANCHES   )e>   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops^   Michel,   Nelson,..
, Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.   ,
SIR EDMUND WALKER. C.V.O., LL.D.. D.C.L., Prestdcrtt
General Manager Assistant General Manager   -
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce enable the traveller to
provide himself with funds without delay at each point of his journey in
a convenient yet inexpensive manner. Tliey are issued payable in every
country, in thc world in denominations of
$10,   $20,   $50,   $100,   $200
with the exact equivalent in the moneys of the principal countries stated
on the faco of each cheque. They are economical, absolutely safe self-
identifying" ancl easily negotiated, 83
1       L. A. 8. DACK,  Manager. FERNIF  BRANCH
When your financial reaourcoi ara being- cloicly drawn upon It li very
canvrment lo fin.l thnt you lave ««t lafoly utiJe n tuin of money tvlildi li.i.l
lit-'i-n L'f-"**''**b' luvummulntliiK in mull amount*, »uvcJ oic.-uunmlly. A
ilppoxit ol' i-.iioJull.ir will nprnwudi an Recount fnr you with tlm Home DunU,
a ii J full compound intcrctl will bo paid at liluhctt Dink fiifoon all amvuntt
ovrr oim dollnr. A,,
O  UrtANCHta   IN
Qtfun»L manaoi*
J. T. MACDONALD, Manager
Victoria ave,,        .:- -:- fernie, b. o.
C. N. P. Football League
Final For
•went* *to*% ceuotw. cumcb eoiot. 1
IWI     B-i     ■ W ___\W
Goal Creek vs. Coleman
Will be Played at
Sat. Sept. 20, Kick-off 4 p.m. ■•'*e_i
- -f
?!   *"
6r-   v.
i -.-    .'
Our Ladies9 Shoe
AYe will have two tables of extra special values
in Ladies' Fine Shoes. These Shoes include all high
class footwear such as Patent Leathers with clotli
top, Vici Kid and Dongola Kid with dull tops and
Gun Metals. Lines aro broken and must be cleared
out.- The original price was $-1.25, $4.50, $5.00 and
$5.50.   AYe will make a table of these linos at $3.00.
' Another table of goods that sold at $3.50 and
$4.00 for $3.00.
No lady can justly afford to pass a pair of these
bargains up.
Every Pair a
money saver
At this season of the year any woman can do with
an extra pair of shoes.
. Nor have we overlooked the men hi the bargain
line. A large assortment of both Light aud Heavy
Shoes has been thrown out of odd lines! Each pair
has its own special price marked on sale.
Our window this week will show a few new fall
•lines of the best made in Canada Shoes.
Pay Day Specials in our
Dry Goods Defit.
40 in. Bleached Pillow Cases, made bf fine evenly woven cotton, and hemmed and finish equal to
any of the finest grades.. Priced for Saturday and
Monday only at 2 for 25c.
Boys' & Girls Hose
Made with double knees and double soles to ensure service. They have all the good qualities of a
fifty cent hose, They are made by one of England's
most celebrated hose manufacturers and are guaranteed to give the same service as hose you pay
twice the money for. Priced for Saturday and
Monday at
Sizes 5 to I1/'!, per pair, 25c
8 and &/*>, per pair, 35c
Ladies Silk Hose
Mnde with seamless feet and spliced heel and toe,
in sizes 8% to 10.   Pny Day Special,' 2 pairs for 25c!
Kid Gloves
One of France's most polobmtcd Gloves, finished
with Paris points, stitched backs nnd two elnsp fns-
tenors. Every pair guaranteed perfect when sold.
Pay Day Special, per pair, $1.25.
Children's Handkerchiefs
2S cents Dozen
Tlieyjini all hemmed and prinled with comical
deaitfiiH and chiirnHorN. Sold nil over nt f>(; l'iicIi.
1'ny 'V Spccinl, por doz., 25o.
Character Dolls
The ouly doll with an unbreakable head sold in
Cnjiadn. .A now doll free for ovory bond tlint
breaks. They nro nil dressed neatly nml appropriately,   i Mciny uiiiuruiit styles nt 26c, 6-Jo and $100
Girls' wool Skirts
Mmin t>t nil won) .Sorgo m Navy nml IJiwh. Tliey
nro Pleated Skirts for girls of 10 to 14 years of age.
Priced at wicli, $2.50 mid $2.75. !,
Come and take  advantage of our specials
they will save you  money
Our Week End Clothing .Specials have always been genuine bargains.   This Pay Day week we will'gi\:e better values than ever be- '
fore.   We have just received a" shipment of new Fall Clothing that
,'   embodies all the latest 1913 ideas in high class hand tailored clothes. .
The materials are the finest imported Woollens and the workman-»
ship is guaranteed perfect.
Tweed Suits
Men's All AVood Tweed Suits in Browns, Greys, Greens and Heather
colors, also AVorsteds of very fine quality and finish, sizes 34 chest to
46 chest.   Priced for Saturday and Monday selling at $15.00.
Please do not ask for this special after Monday, as they will then '
be sold at the original price.
See our $15.00 window
Men's & Boys9 Sweaters
Special $1.50 -.* - .
Special Sale of Men's Roll-Neck and V-Neck Sweaters for Saturday
and Monday only. All sizes and colors. Regular-value up to $2.25.
Special $1.50.
Men's Coal Sweaters made from good heavy yarn, hns two pockets
and good high shawl or square collar. Colors—Grey, Brown and
Smoke.   All sizes 36 to 44.  Regular value up to $2.75.   Special $1.75.
.Men's Fine Pure AVool Sweater Coats, extra heavy, high collar, two
pockets, big variety of colors.   Worth $4.00.   Special Saturday and,
Monday only at $2.50 each. ',
See Sweaters in Men's Cloth-
ing Department
U/ieJlmand *$mit,
"Jackson Bloomer"
Boys' Odd Pants
75 cent per Pair
This lino of Boys' Pants is exceptionally well made from heavy
Tweeds. Wo have purchased u very largo quantity lo got the price.
Take advantago of this opportunity if you want boys' pants. Special
Snturday nnd Mondny only nt 75c pair.
AVo also carry full range of Boys' Pants in Bluo Sorgo, Brown
Corduroy, Heavy Groy Unlcnrablo Tweeds and Velvet cords. All
sizcb in stock nt both tbo plain knickers and bloomers,
AVo invito you to look through our lino of Boys' Clothing. AVo havo
tbo best values in Iho country.
75 cent fier Pair
UoH*t Pail to see our $15. OO
WW   y 9 viA/Kf iXJ   JLJ> VOJS VltlrV
Ladies Ready-to-
Wear Department
'■ -: -        '  ---\ •.      ■ - ■„•*.",
" .   WEAR DEPARTMENT (Second Floor)    '.
AYe have prepared for Saturday and Monday
..with extraordinary values in Trimmed' Hats at
about half tho price millinery stores ask. 150 new
models, all different, and all the newest creations
go on sale Saturday at.$5.00 each.' You will be surprised at the extreme style they have. They have
all the good points of hals sold for two and three
, times the price. -      ' ■>
Arisit our millinery parlors'Saturday nnd bc convinced that this is thc store for better Millinery at
less price.   Saturday, Trimmed Hats. $5.00.
Ladies' Cloth Skirts
In Navy and Black.  Made of good quality plahr
cloth and in the. new fall styles.   They are really a
five dollar Skirt.   Pay Day Special, each $3.00.
Boys' Knitted Jersey Suits
Complete witli Sweater, Knickers and Cap 'to'
match, in Navy Brown and Saxe.,  The very,suit --
for service and comfort for the little fellows. Worth
$3.50 per suit.   Pay Day Special, each $2.00. '
Ladies' Fall Suits
AYe pride ourselves on the exceptional values we-
, are offering this season in Ladies' Suits.  Never before liave we shown so great a.variety at so modest"
a price. .Our line of Suits at' $15.00 will convince %
you of the truth of this statement:   They arc made
in the new long coats, have satin serge lining anil-
come in Navy, Brown, Black and Red.   The fit and
finish are superior to any we have shown!at" tlie
price and the suit in general has tli1e appearance .of
one worth $25.00.   Special, each $15.00.
Ladies' Coats
Bought a sample line at a discount of 33 1-3 per
cent, and have marked them accordingly. There
are nine coats in the lot and all different styles,
all finished with satin linings and s^i braid and
silk frogs. Worth from $25.00' to -$40.00 each,
Priced from $17.50 to $30.00. :
Pay Day Specials
Liquid Ammonia, qts 2 for   .25
Rolled Oats '. 8 lb. sack.   .30
Krinklo Corn Flakes .*... 2 pn.   .15
Robin Hood Flour 9iJ lb. sack 3.25
Lowney's Cream Chocolates  per lb., .35
,  Lowney's Cocoa i^lb. tin   .20
Braid's Best Coffee, frcsh ground 2lbs.   .85
Canada First Catsup ';,.., pts. ' ,20
California Sliced Ponchos 3 lb. tin   .30
California Pears 3 lb, \\**   ,30
Seeded Raisins, .12 oz 2 pa.   .15
Red Sockeyo Salmon ,..". 2 tins   45
Food Bran ,_ por „nck 1.15
Feed Shorts poP Hllc)c 1,25
Chicken Wheat   pcr sacic 1,75
Upton's Jam ',,,,", 5 n,, pttji   ,bo
Tuxodo Jelly Powder 4 for   .25
Swift's Lard 3 lb. pails   .50
Empire Bacon light weight   .26
Empire Bacon heavy woight   .25
>. Colombo Olive Oil. % gnl. 1.15
Rod Cross Pickles 18 oz.   .25
Pure Gnno Granulated Sugar 20 lbs. 1,25
II. P. Sauce 2 bottles   .85
Special Blend Bulk Tea : 3 lbs, 1.00
Tetlcy's Ton .• 3 lb. tin   .76
Standard Poas 2 Ib. tin   .10
Early Juno Peas  2 for   .25
Okanagan Onions 10 lbs.   .25
IW-nliimi VIM*, on
Znuiluik Salve 35
Allonbury 's Food ,,.., No. 2 Inrgo   .85
Abboy'H Health Snlts ; largo sino   .50
Lyman's Talcum Powder 2 tins   .35 '
Mastda Electric Lamps  40 watts, 110 v." ,60
Spearmint Gum ,.; ,,. 3 pa.   ,10
Carter's School Ink .". ;,.... 3 bottles   ,10
Money Saving Prices
JXTtT?*f,—»mW - *****
**M)#^*m*<mMwi f
-'   t   >r
4 11
Ita* PM> «*&.i&qmfti»*-$$,^^ »**Mtnn
n*^^-.'fim^m«^mmmim0i^^^ a «*mi k
"     .  1     idi—i**iil%fl'«B^^',1


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