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The District Ledger 1913-07-26

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 ,'i- y *   .
Indttfetivai t-toity is Strength.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
'j. Political Unity is Victory.
N©.M Vol. VI.
L •
,Y '
^$1.00 A YEAR
Daniels is Blamed
For Vandalism
Mayor Cotterlll of Seattle Lays Hooliganism of Sailors to Anti-Red-Flag
. Speech by Secretary of the Navy-
Would Suppress Times.
'SEATTLE, Wash..,July 22.—That .8,
speech made the night before by Secretary of the Navy Daniels was responsible for the hoollganlstic conduct last night or members" of the
Pacific, reserve fleet, was the open
declaration today of Mayor Cotterlll
and a large proportion of the local
- population.
The sailors, most of whom wore the
'name'bands of the cruisers Colorado
and California, reinforced by about
100 "vigilantes" and members of tthe
Washington Naval Militia, started out
"to clean up" the town" arid wound
up by raiding tlie headquarters of the
Industrial Workers of the World and
tnen of the Socialist party, and by
destroying the cart and stock of Millard Price, a travelling Socialist or-
- ganlzer. The vandals carried the contents of both the Socialist and I. W.
W. headquarters into the street and
made huge bonfires of the furniture
and large quantities of literature.
it was estimated today by members
of the Socialist party and the I. W. W.
yhat the total damage wrought by the
v^avage rowdyism of the "patriots" is
close on to $3,000.    The loss to the
Socialists in-books and furniture was
, about $2,000.    The damage suffered
by the I. W. W. was about $1,000. An
idea of the psychology of the "patriotic" mob can be had when it is considered that in tlieir frenzy the hooligans mistakenly attacked   and   well
nigh - destroyed   a   Salvation   Army
The utterance of Secretary Daniels,
which is declared to have inspired the
rioters, was:
"A Mayor who does not enforce the
law against the red flag ie not fit to
hold office and people who believe in
the red flag should be driven from the
No Need of Coal Miners Being Out of
•As a resul of it all, Mayor Cotterill
today took personal charge of the police force, closed every • saloon and
forbade street meetings for the next
few days, He also notified the editor
of-the Seattle Times, which Jias.been
printing inflammatory articles against
the Socialists and I, W. W., that he
would liave to. suspend publication or
submit for censorship proofs of everything published. .' Colonel Blethon, editor of the Times, secured a temporary injunction from Judge Humphries, preventing Cotterill from ordering the police tto take charge of
the plant.
The saloon keepers of the city are
also trying to override tho order of
. the Mayor closing their .places of business. Under Instructions from h|s
employer, the'bartender at the Savoy
hotel'refused to close when .onTorod
to do so. He was arrested. The ar-
rest'wlll be mndo the basis of another
injunction application.
Saturday was payday at the Gait
mines. The payroll amounted to $35,-
000, cheques being issued to some
425 men. This is the largest payroll
since last April, when the mines partially closed down owing to the summer slackness. ,   -
"The. mines are working steadily all
along the line," said P. L. Naismith,
when in the city Saturday. "They
are having the best summer's run that
I have seen for a long time. At our
mines here we are taking on every
mirier who applies for a job. We ex-,
pect to have a very good winter."
The mines of ,the Chinook Coal Co.,
•and the Lethbridge Collieries are
also working steadily, and adding new
men to the payrolls every day. The
Lethbridge Collieries will double their
output this winter. Tbe Chinook Co.
with the spur track now in operation,
expect to.be able to more than double
their output. Last winter, owing to
the latetness in getting the spur track
constructed, they were "forced to fill
their orders by hauling to Diamond.
This trouble has been • remedied, and
it is expected tthe'miqe will average
500 or 600 tons daily-this'year. The
Lethbridge Herald.
Dist. 18,D.M.W.ofA.
The Official count regarding the
Election held on 23rd5 inst, will be held
on Thursday 31st inst at 10 o'clock in the
(Signed)   A. J. CARTER,
SO Girls Die in
Shop Fire Trap
GREENVILLE, Texas, July 22.—
Thq $102,000,000-oll penalty was unexpectedly ' settled this afternoon
when tlie Standard Oil of New Jersey,
one of tbe defendants, paid $500,000 in
penalties in, the eighth district court.
The penalty was paid under an agreed
settlement. By Its terms John D.
Archbold and H. C. Folger, Jr.. of
New York, Standard Oil mon who
aro majority stock holders In the
Magnolia Petroleum company ,of Cor-
slcana, Texas, agree that the stock
Is to be held for the trustee to be sot-
tied by the .attorney general, B. P.
Looney, It Is further agreed that the
Magnolia nnd tho Corsicana -petroleum company, tho other Texas oil con-;
cern which is a defendant, shall be
operated wholly Independent of Standard Oil.
End of Silk
Workers Strike
Hon. T. W.. Crothers, minister of
labor, has gone back to Ottawa, without having brought about any settlement of the, industrial disputes on
Vancouver Island. So far as practical results are concerned, the minister
might just as well have remained in
Ottawa. ^ He admitted this on Saturday-, when, in conversation, he said
-that— he-had'co"me~w~the—conclusion
that it was impossible for the federal
government "or any other authority"
to do anything which would bring
about a settlement of the disputes.
The minister.said: "I have enjoyed,,
my trip. The .information -T have
gained at first Land will be or great
value to me in the administration of
our department; but I have no hope
that anything I may be able to do will
end the present lamentable situation."
It is stated at Nanaimo that at a
meeting on Friday night the .minister
publicly stated that he had given up
hope of any intervention by his government and that he Intimated that
the strugglerwould have to find a settlement by some oiner means than,
government intervention.
Tho net result of the matter is that
the minlstor has had a good holiday
jaunt; his law partner has been provided with a comfortable billet at the
public expense, and that matters on
tho Island romnin ns thoy woro, at a
There seem3 to be no let up on,the
part of Fernie Board of Trade in their
campaign against the real estate men
of this district. A considerable amount
of literature has been' circulated and
quite a_large_offififi-^stafChas,been-kept.
The Supreme Court of British Columbia unanimously dismissed the appeal Robey (Moffatt) vs. Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Co., Ltd. Full text of the
judgment will be given next week.
Win Nine-Hour Workday—Also Wage
Increase of Prom 16 to 20 Per Cent
. —Stand Ready to Continue Fight on
Silk Manufacturers Who Won't
PATERSON, N. ,T„ July 22.—Tho
Central Strike Commlttqo voted today
to sanction tlio return to work of tho
'strlkors, shop by Bhop. Thin moans
that tho mills will deal directly with
tliolr own omployoeB and that tho
Btrlko Is now on its laat legs.
Tlio BtrlUei'B have abandoned Uio
Idea of Rotting nn/'-eight-hour day.
.Thoy aro now contont to work nlno
hours with an Incroaso In wages. Increases havo already tooon offered by
individual shops ranging from 10 to
20 por cont.
Tho employees of tlio Doborty &
Wndsworth Silk Company ami tha
Harbor ft Kim Company will return
to work on Tuosdny. The workers nt
tlio Llliorty fllllt Company's plant and
tho Holvotln Silk Company's mill will
go back on Monday morning.
On Monday and Tuesday thoro will
bo flUop meeting's of forty or fifty, mills
at which tlio return to worlr proposition will bo doeldod,
Vii'titit Kwtt'tv'V ess c- Hie slrlltc
lenders,  declared  Inst,  night:   "Tho
majority of tho manufacturers nro
willing to mako concessions,   Wo win
win a nine-hour day AM an Increase
fn -wages amounting to IB or 20 por
cent.  I expect thnt, tho ffroat major-
■ it,. „» „>..ii ..in *    .■      < * •
*    .) V*>        •«■*.*...*..*-.** «•   ...       ^*W       «
tho end of next weok,"
had a bad fright and several down
town storo fronts wore sllvorod to
atoms, gloss flying In all directions as
a result of the concussion. <
, Four Chinamen, living in a sliack
ono hundred yards from the glazing
house, had a miraculous oscapo from
(loath. Tliolr houso foil about them
llko a box of matches, heavy buojdors
crashed through ttho debris and un-
dorncatli tlio ruins lay tho four Chinamen, Wlion dug out It was found
that all oscnpod Injury, Seven chick-
ens, roosting in n loan-to, wero klllod
outright, ■ '
Tlio portion of tho works that blow
up wns an iiiiusod building and-It Is
not figured that tlio damngo will bo
Out the Toronto Men Win  Part
Suit, and Outcome Was
About Even
NEW YORK, July 23,—Tho first
day of conferences betwoon tho federal mediation bonrd and thc two parties to tho controversy involving a
throiUonod strlko of 80,000 trainmen
and conductors ngalnst the Hastom
railroads, closed with tho official announcement tonight that thoro wns no
change ln ttho situation.
Judgo William L, Chambers, chairman of tho conciliation body appointed
by President Wilson, said tho modln-
tors wore "moro hopeful," however,
While both tho mon and tlio roads
Informed'the'board of tliolr purpose
to "stand pat" on tho platform of
grlovniioos thoy waiijt submitted for
arbitration under tlio Nowlnnd'a act,
tlio mediators sny thoy boliovo tlmt
within n fow days tho roads may bo
Induced to consent to hnvo only tho
omployoos* wage domainl arbitrated,
busy on queries and resolutions to the
various Boards of, Trade throughout
the West.    .'        '   ' , ■
The Board of .Trade, have secured
several affidavits f$jta , Individuals
"who have -visited' Athal&sca Landing
and Bast Fort George and nono of
these are commendatory of the properties.
The money stringency in Alberta'
and Saskatchewan has started the
papers.in theso provinces complaining
and the latest stunt is a loan of $10,-
000,000 for the Province of Alberta.
All the papers ln these "provinces
seem to be particularly eloquent
about* the prevalent distress when on
the "bum," but they have a beautiful
ly contradictory tale whon selling real
estate. The prevailing Idea in those
towns Is that tho Dominion Government should put money In circulation
to prevent thousands of firms from
falling within tho next six woeks,
One is tempted to question whether
these journals would take the samo
lively interest if there was a strlko
In that particular part of tho country
and n few thousand in danger of starvation.
M. A Cohen was arrostod on a warrant at Waldo, nllogod charge bolng
thnt of obtaining monoy undor misrepresentation from ono Geo Fun, Chi-
namnn. Ho was brought to Fornlo this
afternoon and will rocolvo preliminary
bearing forthwith,
Neither Engineer Doherty nor tbe
New York, New Haven > & ' Hartford
railroad was guilty of.criminal negligence in connection' with the wreck at
Stamford on June 12, according to tthe
finding of Coroner Phelan of this city,
today. The finding is based on the
death of Ada Pearl Kelley of Chicago,
one of the six passengers killed in the
Pullman car Skylark, which was telescoped. Her death is classed, as "accidental."
BINGHMPTON, N. Y., July 22.—Fifty persons were killed, according to
late estimates, and as many injured,
a dozen mortally, in a fire wliich
swept the four-storey factory building
of the Binghampton Clothing Company this afternoon. The victims
chiefly wero women and girls.
At midnight twenty-six bodies had
been recovered. In the city hospital
and in private institutions are thirty
injured. Some two sccre persons are
known to have escaped as by a miWi-
cle from the building; which burst into flame like a tinder box and became
a roaring furnace almost immediately
afi,er the first alarm was soundel.
About 125 persons were in the factory when the fire broke out. Those
unaccounted for, or most of them, are
believed still to be in the red hot ruins
of the structure.
Seeking the Bodies
Around, the scene of the fire district, the greatest the city has ever
known, thousands watched the workers in the glare of three big searchlights, many ih' the great throng being restrained only by the closely
drawn police from rushing into the
ruins to seek the bodies of relatives or
Water in many streams is being
poured into the fiery fit that a few
hours ago was the cellar of the burned establishment. As the ruins were
cooled slightly from time to time in
a spot upon which'the streams were
centred, men went forward to dig as
long as human endurance would allow
them to work. Occasionally a body
was found and taken .quickly away.
authorities believe, before the cellar
can be cleared and the whole truth be
', known.    ■•> , .
A special mass meeting oi -members
of Gladstone Local Union will be held
in the Grand Theatre, Fernie, on Sunday, July 27th, commencing at 7
o'clock p.m. Business: To discuss the
advisability of appointing a Secretary
for Sick and.Accklent Fund; also matters pertaining to the Club Rooms. All
members of above Local Union are
specially requested to attend.
Ex-Minister Accused of Making Misstatements  Regarding  Population
NELSON, B. C, July 22.-~Hon.
Frank Oliver has faded to make any
reply to a letter from tho Nelson
board of trade calling his attenttlon
to misstatements regarding the population ot he Kootenay made by bim
during the discussion in the house of
commons, on lead bounty extension
and last night the board decided tto
ask the British.Columbia members to
take the matter up with a view to correcting the false impression caused by .
the ex-minister's remarks. Mr. Oliver,
said the Kootenay's population had decreased in the past 10 years and was
even smaller than last year.
A letter from the loca] board quoting census returns and giving him an
opportunity to retract the statements
complained of, was written on June 20.
GELENKIRCHEN, Rhenish Prussia,
July 22.—Fifteen miners wero ontorab-
ed by a fall of coal near here today.
Thoro Is little hope that they will be
Almost Certain to be One of Matters
Dealt With at Early Stage
Serious Wounds on Throat and Shoulder—Youth Killed by Lightning-
Standing Under Tree
OTTAWA, July 24.—A new redistribution bill is necessitated by the late
census and It ls wholly probable that
it will be brought down at next session of parliament says the Citizen
today. It ls usual system to introduce
a bill on general line and to leave to
committee tho work of adjusting the
boundaries of the constituencies and
determining the principle upon which
the redistribution Is to bo made, Tho
lower provinces stand to loso a few
seats and Ontario likowlso but the
west will gain correspondingly. Both
Montreal and Toronto will bo on'I-
tied to more members at Uio cxponso
of tho ruarl districts.   '
Drastic Methods  Adopted  by  Prince
Albert Organization of Unions'
PRIiVCE ALBERT, Sask., July 22.—
The trades and labor council of this
city is adopting drastic methods in an
attempt to enlighten workmen of the
old country as to what they consider
and declare to be true conditions, not
only In this city, but throughout west-,,
ern Canada.
Circulars headed, "The Workman's
Struggle for Existence ln Western
Canada," havo been gotten out in
which various phases of life In western Canada are dealt with, chancos
for laborers here, high cost of living
nnd proBpocts on homesteads, etc.
ThoHO circulars follow the linos of
tho resolution recently passed by tho
Dominion Trades and Labor congress
and aro signed hy officials of tho local
trades and labor council, Thoy will
bo circulated extensively In Englnnd.
Tlio tronchlng machine purchased
by tlio city for excavating for "sower
and water nialua arrived lu Calgary
yostorday nnd wns movod to the
north 1)111, whoro sower laying Ir in
progress, The mnolilno will dig a
trench for a wator main or sewer pipe
COO foot a day, and will forward very
grontly the work In those linos which
tho city hopes to got dono this yoar.
In sowers alone, the city has approximately twonty miles of pipe to lay thin
season, and without tlio trencher.'ll
would lijtvo proved a pretty,largo or-
GRAND FORKS, B. C, July 22.-
Provlnclal Constable McDougall had
a narrow cscapo horo today whon a
crazod Hindu slashed him twlco In
tho throat and sevornl times on tho
shouldor with a knife. The wound
In his throat required sovoral stltclios,
Tho constablo wns tnken unawares
by tho Hindu whon he ontorod his
coll, whoro ho was bolng hold for
medical examination as to his mental
Earl Tolllvor,"o youth of 18 yohre,
was klllod by lightning yesterday nf-
tornoon about rIx o'clock whilo on his
wny from Cascade to Ills homo In the
Doop creok district, Ills body wns
found this morning and ho lind evidently taken shelter, undor a* tree
from a sovoro oloctrlcal storm wli I nil
passed ovor the district yesterday,
His fathor lives at Laurier, Wnsh.
Turkey Not
Yet Defeated
V|k>»4*     |J\,4\,I*»C
Plate Olatt Windows Shattered—Chi.
namen Have Miraculous Escape
XAXAUIO, July 22,—TU*» glaring,
houso of the Canadian Explosives
Company at Northfleld, three mile*
from Nanaimo, blow up nt an early
hour yoaterdar morning, six torn of
black powder being eat off from torn*
unknown cause.
Mo one waa Injured, bnt Nanaimo
VICTORIA, II. C„ July 22,—Tho
British Columbia court of appeals gave
tv decision today in the litigation botwoon formor Governor.Ina, Dunsmuir
ami AlcKenaslo and Mnnn, seller nnd
VUMbwwrn it'tri/acltlvtily *)£ tha iVni'
llngtori and oilier Vancouver Island
collieries nt a price of $11,000,000, The
doelsion la In Dunsmulr's favor In tlmt
tho formor owner was entitled to nil
tho enrnlnRB un to the time thennr-
chase monoy wns actually paid ovor
to hlmfand subsequent tojtho dato ot
tlio option, from which day counsel
for Sir Will Inm clnlmed nil receipts.
Sir William, howovor, wins In that
Iio aocuroa prnetlcafry an or uio collateral proportlea which Jamea Dime-
muir doclnrod^dld not go with the coal
mines. This Included all soa-golng
coal, regularly used in transporting
coal, tho atoamar Wellington, but not
tho ahlp Oregon. Tho stock pll* at tha
C. P. ft, bunkers In Vancouver Is also
given to Sir William. Both parties
wero dissatisfied with tho result of
tho appeal, and gave notlca that they
would carrr 1* to the prlry conn*it.
First Conference Under Compuleory
Wage Law Indicates Hearty
PORTLAND, Oro., July 22.—Mom-
bora of tho Orniron Industrial Welfnrp
Commission, which will determine a
miuUuuui Wiigu -Cur ivomcn, uuuunum
hours of employment, and decide wlio-
tlier the employment of women nt
night In mercantile establishments Is
reasonable" and consistent with their
wnlfnro. nro tnrtnv pirxiiod i'HVi ty,*.
hearty co-operation thoy are receiving
from a majority of tho largo employers
In Portland,
At Its conference, tho first, minimum
wago conference over hold In tho United States under the compulsory wago
law, n number ,of employers stated
that In their opinion $10 per week was
necessary to maintain n woman In
healthful surroundings and provide
her with tho necessities of lifo.
Tho heads of several firms stated
that they had alreitdly established this
minimum. Washington and California
also have eompnleory wage lairs, but
Oregon's commission Im the flrsf fn nr.
Ten Companions Rescued and Hope
Is Held Out for Those Remaining
DULUTH,   Minn.,   July  22,—mvo
minors,   all  married, with  famllhs,
Wwlnowlnv nterht wr»rn Imnrlonn-v' ■*>**
Spruce mino No. 1, nt Kvalot," Minn,
u* n tumi. ot iv rM»i*i ot wMor* during
a sovoro rain. It Is thought that (lie
mon am olive ns 10 ■c.omp'inlntts i> t>re
Rfforts to prevent tho further fl nd-
<lm' nf Hi" it'tiri'it""' liy '>»U.O,''"! ■!?:;/
wore hampered by a frantic crowd of
womon and children, who bogged in n
Imbol on tongues for news of tlio Imprisoned mon. The mine Is tho property of the Oliver Mining company, n
subsidiary of tho United States 'Itoal
Two hundred and fifty men went Into tho mino Wednesday morning. Ilaln
was then falling in lorronts and the
surface water finally choked all outlets and reached into the workings of
tho mine. The minora fled nnd all oa-
enped except it) on an upper level. Ten
of these wer« lakcn out later, and
worlr wn* rrtntlnwd tn wwm the five
left W tba "flooded mine.
SNATTLR, July 22,-As n rnmilt of
a hot that lm could remain undor writer for tthroo minutes, Poy Kng, fl
Chinese, 10 years old, wns drowned In
Lako Wellington Ijmt ovonlng,
Poy Kng was a cook In tho employ
of JoHoph Fordo In his houao-hoat at
the foot, of' Dearborn street on the
Inko. Ho wns n good swlmmor nnd
often swnm to Leschl Park and rn.
turn. Yesterday sovoral young mon
woro swimming In tho Inko, -dlvlnr
from tho houseboat,
I'^ .-fJug U*)**ni.uii Ui.it lu, i-ouM re-
irinin under water throo minutes, and
one of liis' companions wntwred-'lhat
lie could not. The boy thon 'dived
from the top of tho boat, This wan
tlio lnnt «non (if bim Tt t« ht,i\t,vtt,l
tlmt Toy Kng, after making his dlvo,
be^nmo mixed up In Uls directions and
camo up undor tho houseboat,
European Concert Faced With Difficult Situation, Requiring Diplomatic
Tactics, If Europe Is Not to be
Plunged Into General Conflict
Through Turkey's Aggressiveness.
LONDON, July 22.—-Tlio "Buroponn
concort is faced by tho most difficult
situation, requiring' tho ejcorcUo of tho
utmost diplomatic tact if Huropo.ls|
not to lie plunged Into n general war
by the Turkish ru-occupntlon of Add-
nnoplo nnd Kirk KIIIhsoIi, ' llulgnrln,
liolliloHH, sees the fruits of hor dourly
won victories snatched from her
linndH, nnd while negotiations for "an
(trmlslrleo are proceeding In n lolsurot,
ly rummer at Nlsh, tho fl reeks m/d
Servians continue' to purnun tliolr nd-
Tlio official nunounnoiiinnt mado nt
Constantinople today that tlio TurU.ih
troops had reoecuplod the cltudcl nf
Adrlanoplo created tho worst possible-
Impression In diplomatic circles, nud
,no tlmo was lost, by tho powers in
btnrtlng nn exchange of vIowb"with*
the object of finding tlw best m«wis
of checkmating Turkey's auttoti, which
in »m,ihtj(i upun its u ckiUM'Ut. dotlurno
nf j|1! Kt.ir/-j..'.'   '
VANCOUVER, July 21.- A Judgment that will undoubtedly have n
fnr-ren^jilng effect on past r.ci! ninio
transactions ln Port Mann was rendered hy Mr. Justice Murphy this morn*
Ing when ho ordered the reclsloit <>t
agreements for the sale of two lots
in Port Mnnn and the return In tho
plaintiff, W. 3, Ollphant, of tho IIIM
he had V-Ai*. t>u fcfceouul to U*uU Ato**
MdW. v
alive, nnd covered with earth.
The commlttoo found the bodlon of
100 women who   had   boon   burled
nllvo,   Tho methods usod woro indescribable   The llulgnrn poured pntro-
loum ovor thorn and sot thorn on fire.
Ono body was found with both feet
cut off and n rope around tho neck,
tllrls wlio roslBtod tho men attacking-
them woro mutilated.'   Kitty-two woro
biiteliornd In tho-open'nlr.   The vie-  ,
tlms mmiborod 200; tho rest of the
populnllon escaped when the city wus
bombarded, nnd It wns known that
the, army was close ul bund and ad-
vnneliiK rapidly on their exit from the
city.   Tliey wero defondiid by Cirook
nnd Turkish town guards.   There  lit
dooumiMilnry nvidenen ,10 show Hint
the sliuiRhter wns delltirira'tely plan-
nm,  ' " "
Twenty thousand peppio nt Sores"
iini Iioiiii'Iokh. Four lliouwmd and fifty hnudi'*. and 1,000 stores were burn'
ed, nml merehnndles worlh $.1,200,000*
worn slnloii nr destroyed. The iiunl-
bnr'of Jnivlnh Iiouhoh burned wn« 3,-
UM. All tlio schools nnd synngogiiOB
worn donlrnvofl nn well nn 1$ rii-n-M'
chnrchnN, n     "     ■ ■
TOu Austrian consul reports that
hi.*** wlfiMViis publicly outraged by tins
soldiers. At the l««U opriip:i''(»n of
Onovglinll by tlm nulgnrs nil the In-
hnhlfnntfi. who wore nimble to flee pur-
!»i)f>il .tnrin" Mi" .>.'"'• ii't-r'-' ' '.;■'
of martyrdom,
In|| tlin pillage of the houses and
stores mnny representative citizens
were mnimncrod, Two ehurclies nnd
the sclioola were occupied and the
priests wow forbidden to colohrnto
mass In flreok. At Bloynkovn tho
priest wis killed and n number of
other prominent porsons wore cnrrloil
off. Tliolr fate Is not. known, At
Tlogonnltn sevon Wiled nnd sevontoett
were nirrled first tto Dolrnn and then
to Sored without leaving a trace.
At Ansgortitel six were klllod and
the fft-tn of the othors Is not known.
At lensl flvo itnrr* WIItI nt flovoindl,
Bulgaria Guilty of Horrible Mutilations and Inhuman Excesses at Se-
res-—100 Women Interred Alive—
Girl* Fearfully Treated —It Was
OALONIKr, July 10.— Tin* parliamentary commltteo assigned to visit
\ho places nt which atrocities have
been committed hy the Ilulgarlnns'
army reporta from Seres that tho city
has boen completely ruined by fire.
Seventeen notables shut up In ono
room wero pierced to tho heart by nnd olglil, among them a woman, at
bayonota fcnd thrown Into a pit half
Mulhall Exposes
Tactics of N. A. M.
.Colonel Had Agreed to Give N. A. M.|lated that he was sent to Indianapolis
Money to Leader In St. Louis* Shoe   with letters of introduction from the
Workers' Union. then   president   of   he    association,
  James A. Yan Cleave, to D. M. Parrey,
WASHINGTON, July 19.—The most
interesting statement made by Col.
Martin JI. Mulhall in the course of his
examination today before the Senate'
Lobby Committee had to do witn a
strikebreaking expedition he made to
St. Louis at the time of the boot and
shoe workers' walkout in 1907.
"While I was in St. Louis I was
given $3,000 in cash to use in settling
the strike," said the colonel. "I made
an arrangement with a strike leader
thtre by the name of Frank thnt 'f
lie would settle the strike within a
certain period he should be paid the
"Who paid you the $3,000?" as\ed
Senator Reed.
"Ferd C Schwedtman, secretary lo
the president of the N. A.' JI.," replied
1bo witness. "The money' was deposited for safe keeping in the sare of
the Planters' hotel in St. Louis, and
when the strike was not ended in the
time specified In my verbal contract
with Mr. Frank, it was turned back to
Jlr. Schwedtman. I did not think it
was fair. Frank had completed the
adjustment and had succeeded in hav-
iiiK the strike 'called off, and he
should have liis money."
Mulhall's statement was accepted
apparently at face value, but Schwedtman, who was in the room at the
time, was white with anger. Later
he said when questioned in regard to
the charge:
"This is a lie out of whole cloth."
Met Rep. Bartholdt In St. Louis
Mulhall's presence in St. Louis at
various times was the occasion of his
meeting Representative, Bartholdt, of
that city, and Bartholdt is one of the
men mentioned in Mulhall's original
story as a member of the group of
men in public life always willing to
do the behests of the Nf. A. M. A letter of introduction from an officer of
the N. A. JI., presenting JIulhall to
Bartholdt,' was exhibited in the general correspondence, and Mulhall
swore he had presented it and was
warmly received by Bartholdt and officials of thc Anheuser Busch Brewing Company, and held a long conference „on political and Industrial matters with them.
Letters of introduction to former
Representative IT. JI. Coudrey, also
of St. Louis, now under sentence of
two years and six months in the penitentiary for fraudulent use of the
United States mails, also were shown.
■Mulhall claimed that he speedily got
From St. Louis, the scene of JIul-
ball's activities shifted to Indiana.
There the fight for the re-election of
James E. Watson was nbout to be inaugurated. This was in the autumn
"and later winter of 1907.   Mulhall re-
a director and the former president
of the organization.   The following is
the letter from fVan Cleave:
A Faithful Worker
"National Association of Manufacturers. ,
"St. Louis, Dec. 12, 1907.
"(Introducing Col. M. M. JIulhall.'*
"My Dear-Jlr. Parry—This will introduce you to one of the most faithful workers} of our   association.    He
has  for years been  the  confidential
man of the late President McKinley
and a number of other big politicians.
"Colonel Mulhall came to me soon
after I was elected president of the
organization and proved io my satisfaction that for much of the work for
which he had given credit to our past
secretary, he was responsible.    Since
then I have put him to severe tests
and he has made good every time.
"I bespeak for Jlr. JIulhall every
consideration. He is iu Indianapolis
at tho request of some of the statesmen to whom the people of the "United
States are much indebted for good) less
legislation and for the defeat of bad
legislation.   Yours very truly,
"J. W. VAX CLEAVE, President.
"Jlr. D.  JI.  Parry,   President   Parry
Manufacturing  Company,  Indianapolis, Tnd."
The remarkable ihing about Van
Cleave's letter was its date, December
12, 1907. It showed, however, that.
JIulhall, who had been in the employ
of the association according to his
own allegations since 1903, had never
met the man who had for four years
been its president.
This was explained by Mulhall in a
statement to the committee. His first
four years of connection with the N.
A. JI. had been as the direct ^employe
of JIarshall Cusbing, secretary of the
association. During that connection,
Cusbing, who preached always the
doctrine of secrecy, had numbered
the employes of the organization.
"We ve.rq.-only numbers," said JIulhall. "The 'men with whom -Mr.
Cusliing dealt whether they were just
friends or paid employes of the organization were simply numbered. I
was No. 11. Representative Sherman
of New York was No. 8 and Representative Littlefield of JIaine was
No. 9."
In the campaign in favor of Watson's renomination for Congress,
which began in 1907, was one of the
most expensive over waged by the N.
A. JT., according to its former agent.
tic* declared he never knew the exact
sure his own solicitations were but a
small part.
Rings in  Ex-Senator Beveridge
Reference to Mulhall's stay in Indianapolis brought out that, he knew
former Senator Albert J. Beveridge.
"Sure, I know Senator Beveridge,"
asserted JIulhall.
"I was introduced to bim in a room
in the Claypool hotel and Jlr. Parry,
ex-president of the N. ■ A. JI., was
there at "the time and Senator Rever-
idge put his arms around Jlr. Parry's
neck and said with evident feeling:
Here's the man that sent me to the
U. S. Senate."
"Watson was broke once in Rusli-
ville," continued JIulhall, shifting the
scene of action from Indianapolis for
a moment, "and he wrote tliat he
needed money to get into tho campaign.
"We had collected §3,000 in Indianapolis from Jlr. Parry, C. C. Ranch
and C. C. Foster, all members of the
N. A. JI., As soon as I acquainted
them with Watson's plight they sent
him $1,000 and almost immediately
thereafter Jlr. Ranch sent him another $1,000."
Today's session of the committee
succeeded in disposing of 410 of the
letters of Colonel Mulhall's bulky correspondence. Already the committee
had read and cither inserted in the
record or discarded nearly 1,250, and
this marks less than one-quarter of
the way through the seemingly end-
Strain Tells on Mulhall
JIulhall himself is beginning to feel
the strain. At the luncheon recess he
complained bitterly of the exhaustion
rhich he was experiencing from the
continuance of the sessions and the
committee determined upon an early
adjournment today.
The question of admission of counsel to participation in the cross-examination of the witness is bothering tho
committee. They deny that they havo
come to any decision in, this'matter,
but the ideas permeating the committee room are that the Democratic
members of the committee have decided not to admit" cither, the attorneys for the N. A. ■M. or for tbe American Federation of Labor. The task
is made much easier for them through
the presence of Jackson E. Ralston,
counsellor for the federation. To deny
the privilege, to both sides would
hardly seem so unfair as to withhold
the privilege from the potential defendant under the Mulhall charges,
the N. A. JL, and it was for this reason that the coming of Ralston to the
committee room on the first day of
the session was hailed with' great glee
by the Senatorial probers.
The .'Mulhall correspondence contains a raft of apparently unimportant matter.
> The Blacklist
Today a list of names written on a
sheet of yellow paper wa_s__shown._ _Jt
Democrats, carelessly intermingled.'
"This is theK blacklist of Congressmen?" Senator Reed asked.
"Yes, that is the blacklist, I think,"
said JIulhall] .
Had $400,000 for Bribing of Gompers
But Abandoned Attempt
WASHINGTON, July 22. — "The
question has never arisen in my mind,
not even for one moment, that any
friend of mine .would save friendly
correspondence for political purposes,
let alone use it. All of my correspondence •with you has been' a pleasure as well as an education, but I do
not know of one letter of yours that
I have saved after reading and answering it, so if any chairman wrote
to me and asked me to turn over Dr.
Crockett's letters to him for political
purposes I would think that fellow
was a very 'cheap skate' and was unfit to answer his letters, for it would
be placing me in a position of selling
out >my friend and he must rate me
as a very cheap article if be thought
he could get any information out of
me against a friend."
The foregoing is Col. JIartin JI.
Mulhall's estimate of persons who sell
private correspondence that political
exigencies may be met thereby. The
letter which contained this expression
of the Colonel's views is in his own
handwriting, embodied in the general
files of the JIulhall correspondence as
delivered to the investigating committee. The quoted paragraph is a
portion of a letter addressed to Dr.
George Lantry Crockett, of Thomas-
ton, Maine, and was dated September
28, 1908, from Indianapolis. The letter had been passed in the hasty review of the correspondence, for the
committee is striving now to hurry
through fhe vast mass of correspondence as rapidly as possible, but Senator Nelson caught the paragraph and
read it to the committee. Colonel
JIulhall replied at once: "Do you want
to interrogate me on that, Senator
sum expended. He bad, lie said, solicited subscriptions to the Watson
campaign in Indiana form manufacturers, particularly in Indianapolis,
that had netted the campaign fund
$22,000. He did not know how much
more had been collected, but he was
was headed "Watson—get these
knocked out," and then it proceeded
with names of> a score or more' of
Congressmen, including Clark, of Missouri; Leever, of South Carolina;
Payne, of New York; Carter, of Oklahoma;   and   other   Republicans   and
Why He Saved Letters
"No,"" said Senator Nelson, "I don't
think that will be necessary."
"Well, Senator," said JIulhall, in a
loud voice, "if you were working for
a bunch like the Uational Association
of Manufacturers, you would find it
necessary to save your letters."
That Attempted Gompers Bribe
Colonel Jlulhall's long promised dis-
colsures as to the attempt on the
part of the N. A. JI. to bribe Samuel
Gompers to change sides in the fight
or .to play traitor to the American
Federation of Labor also came this
afternoon. JIulhall told his story
with much dramatic effect, raising his
voice until it rang to the outer corridor.
The story of Mulhall began as follows:
"I told 'Jlr. Brownell of my instructions from Jlr.   Van   Cleave.     I   in-
would get Gompers, and he went on
telling me a story t'o the effect that
he had a man by the name of Brougb-
ton Brandenburg who . was at .that
time down iu Georgia following Gompers. .      '    *
"I wanted to know for what purpose. He said t'lat they were sure
they could bribe Gompers to come
their way; 'that they already had prepared a ■ story for. Jlr. Gompers and
Jlr. Gompers was to sign that story
and then get the price that would be
paid to him for what they wanted him
to do.
"After listening to Brownell's story,
I told him I ithougbt.it was simply
ridiculous. I told him' that I had
known Jlr, Gompers for a good many
years in a certain way; that I further
met. pretty "nearly all the labor leaders all over the country in' politics
and otherwise, and I thought the labor people were very foxy and careful, and I did not believe what he
said could be done, but he told me
at that time that he was-sure of his
party because they had gone so far,
that they were sure they could not
lose it.
"He said he had undertaken tbat
mission, I am not sure whether it was
for the purpose of the publicity bureau or for the purpose of bribery for
$40,000 Was P.-ice
"How much?" demanded Senator
"Forty thousand dollars," replied
JIulhall, "and that he was going after
Gompers and a lot of otliers and he
was sure he would make the goal he
was chasing after."
"From your statement I infer that
you were not present when any bribe
was offered to Jlr. Gompers?" asked
Senator Nelson.
"No," said JIulhall, "I have nothing-
only Jlr. Brownell's statements and
his wanting mo to give what my opinion was concerning the job and I told
him I did not-think it could be done
and that he would get his fingers
Rural Mail Service Steadily. Expanding—Fifteen Hundred Routes Already in Operation.
OTTAWA, July 23.—The post office
department has L,under consideration-
the question,of tthe parcels post system. • It will not be in a position to
make any announcement for some
time, however, as to rates to be charged and other details of ,the undertaking. The department itself intends to
work out the scheme as-it d^d the postal note and other- branches of the
service without going abroad for advice.' - .
Conditions in Canada are peculiar
to the country, and cannot be guided
by experience elsewhere. It had been
hoped to inaugurate the service by the
first of January, but as to this there
is no definite announcement. Before
that is done many preliminary steps
will have to be taken and a decision
as to ratings reached by tho postmaster-general.
■Meanwhile the rural mail service is
constantly expanding. A total of
1,500 routes are now in operation. The
bulk of them are In Ontario, but'all
the provinces have some and petitions
are coming in steadily.
Two watchmen did not see the fire
until \it burst from the windows of
the lower i'loor of the cage, which was
filled with hay and other supplies. As
there were no means of fighting fire
at hand, all the guards could do was
to stand and watch their charges die
in agony.
formed him what I had been doing in
the past ancl he wanted to know how
well I was acquainted wlthNabor people, and I told him I had a casual
acquaintance all over the country.
He said that he had a mission at the
present time; that they thought they
Will Try,vto Turn Tide from American
to African Colonies
WINNIPEG, July 22.—After an examination into the books of the Northern Crown bank recently here, defalcations amounting to nearly $4,000 are
reported to have been discovered, and
two well known young Winnipeg men
have • been arrested in connection
therewith, while a third, a son of one
of the most prominent families in the
city, and a hockey player, known
throughout Canada, was*reported to
have fled the city. Owing tto the prominence of the parties concerned, the
whole affair has been kept dark, tthe
matter being kept out of the hands of
the city police and the investigation
carried out and the, arrests made by
private detectives. A late report states
that no prosecution will be made, the
families concerned having arranged
for restitution,
ROME, July 20.—Emigrants from
Sicily contemplate the formation of a
syndicate which is to appoint a committee to look into the question whether emigration to America could not
be turned profitably towards . Italy's
new African colonies.
It is the opinion among Sicilian laborers' tbat the terms in the Unltod
States are more remunerative than
the wages to be obtained' in Lybia,
even though the additional expense of
Negroes on  Prison  Farm  Near Jackson, Miss., Meet Death in Great
Agony       -'
if the Italian government helps the
immigrants to Lybia, by granting concessions of a good land at a nominal
rent, it is possible the emigrants will
make the experiment on a large saata-,
Sicilian emigrants to America aver-
ago 100,000 a year.
JACKSON, Miss., July 22—Thirty-
three negro.convicts, who were sleeping on the second floor of a wooden
cage on the convict farm twenty miles
southwest of here,'were cremated at
midnight, all   of  their  bodies   being
burned beyond recognition.
The fire started in a first floor landing of a stairway, nnd the structure,
which was old and flimsy, burned like
tinder, while the screams of tthe imprisoned men could be heard for
The Saving Habit
TIT ANY 'people who are
earning less than you,
and whose necessary expenses exceed yours, have
been saving for years and
now have snug and comfortable bank accounts.
Systematic saving was the
foundation of, many a
■ large fortune.
It is a habit that is
easily acquired, affording
more satisfaction and offering, larger rewards than
any other habit that you
could form/
You ' can    open an account  in this  barik with
one dollar, and ■ every six ,
months your savings will
be credited with the high
est current Interest;
J. f; gill
Manager,   Fernie   Branch
20,000 CLIENTS of McCUTCHEON BROS.. Ltd,, have made money on Western city properties during the
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I'Ynni Tlio Morning News, Moose .law. Husk.. Saturday. Juno 28th,
CONSTRUCTION—(!AR LINK AUWIVKS. Thu immense development scheme which Uio Kingsway I'nrk proprietors uro in process-ut'
carrying out i.s progressing very satisfactorily, 0(1 tho forty houses
which I hoy hnvo contracted lo build, six uro now undor actual construction, Thoy nro of tlie bungalow tpyc und it will not ho long'
beforo thoy nro completed, Thc si rod our lino has now boon ox-
tondod along Iho west bnnk of Iho river and right through this prop,
crly, which jh without question the bounty spot of the on'iiro oity,
It is nlso announced thut shortly the street ours will ho running
llirough this district thus bringing it within easy access ol' Sunday
trippers and visitors who will certainly bo shown over the grounds
by proud citizens.
Already sovoral largo picnics havo boon held on the present site,
and indications are that the, development, system, now in its.infancy,
will make this part; of tho eity tho exclusive residential ■'■suburb of
Moose .Taw. The activity of the street railway in extending its lino
through tliis district shows that they oxpout to seo a considerable
I raffio south during the fine weather.
"Moose Jaw Evening Times," Monday, July 21st,.101:1,
Yostorday, the first, definite schedule trip to the Company's park
along tho river was made, and great crowds attended lo visit the
''coolest spot in the eity." No schedule has been drawn up for this
route yot, but within the course of tho next few days, it is expected
that a satisfactory time table will be made out and cars will mn nt
regular intervals.
KINGSWAY PAHK, the beauty spot of Moose Jaw, whioh is lo-
eated along tlie river, and owing to its beautiful location, the fine
elass of residences .which nro under construction, nnd being served
by the street railway which is under operation, and all modern conveniences, the oity is making this their Amusement Park.
This Property is Soldf byMcCutcheonBros., Ltd.;part
Sold at from $150 per 2S Joo$ lot cwd upwards
REMEMBER when purchasing property from McCutcheon Bros, that It Is sold with a written
guarantee as to distance and topography     WE DEFY any person to come out In print and deny
that the properties are not as represented.
McCUTCHEON BROS., Ltd., Fernie, B.C.
Are Vou Working
If you al"6 not healthy you ARE
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Disinclination to work or. play is
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That   "don't feel good"    sensation
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Orderabot'lu of Mother Seigel's curative Syrup—try it out, then noto tho
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Price  Jl.oO      Trial Size,   50c.
For Sale by
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Nowhere In the Pass can be
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can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
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Phone 56
Great Northern
' Train foi" south leaves Pernior- at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern wid southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and Chicago without change.
"   Connection with all lake and Atlantic steamship lines.
PHONE 161. BOX 305.
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Out-of-town .work attended to promptly
Abstract pf an address delivered at
iColumbia University, January 6,
Judging from the public press and
recent political utterances, the members of the mining profession have
been systematic wasters instead of
savers. In a certain sense the charge
is justifiable; in a wider sense It is
certainly unfair. I can look back a
long way. I recollect the north of
England before the Introduction of
the Whitwell stove, when it was always under a canopy of smoke from
the blast furnaces and was appropriately called "the black country." It. is
little more than a generation ago that
the Bessemer converter was introduced; and now, where water power is
available, steel can be.produced without the consumption of any fuel. In
other branches of our profession we
have seen metallurgy completely revolutionized. Today about $20,000,000
worth of gold and silver is annually
recovered in the electrolytic refining
ot copper.which, under the old Welsh
method, went tb waste. Moreover,
through the ingenuity of civil and mechanical engineers such improvements in boiler and steam engine construction have been made that 1 1-4-
bushels of coal are made to do the
work of 10-bushels a century rago.
The economies of the past have
been brought about by the combined
efforts of the engineer and the chemist, with the aid of the miner. All
must work together if the best results
aro to be obtained. In fact, one reason why conservation in this country
today is not more perfectly accomplished is because co-operation among
the great national industries is not
more actively practised. ' The valua-
ble products of coal in coking would
not be wasted if the chemical industry had kept pace with the metallurgical.   '
The older one grows the more one
is inclined to fall back upon his reminiscences, and you must excuse me if
I yield to this weakness. I recollect
the mining and metallurgy of Arizona
when they w;ere in tlieir infancy.
Their birth coincided with the introduction of the first line of railroads;
for a railroad is a necessary part of
the equipment of a' modern mine or
furnace plant. With the advent of the
Southern Pacific there were opened
actively three of the mining districts
which are still supreme In, Arizona.
They are the Warren district, where
the Copper Queen and the Calumet &
Arizona companies are .operating actively; the Clinton district', which had
been opened some years previously on
a small scale by the Lezinskys; and
the .Globe district, which was separated from the railroad by about 14 0
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
Mr. L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
$2.00 per Day
were tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL,
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Trtiiesr—:—i  r
It is seldom, almost never, possible
to introduce theoretical conservation
or economies; but you should always
bear in mind that what today may be
useless from an, economical point of
view may some day be valuable, and
what you may now look upon as waste
ought to be stored for a coming generation. This ls about as far as you
can go today in conserving the national resources. You cannot avoid
wasting something; in working up the
complicated elements which compose
most ores. Tn the development of a
new and isolated district, unless you
commit, for the time being, the unavoidable crime of wasting, you cannot build up a big Industry . to the
point at which the conditions will be
ripe for actual'economical treatment.
For example, In Arizona, In the dnys
of which I am speaking, tho production of ltlioRo three districts was
about l.BOO.000 pounds of copper a
month. Today Arizona Is turning out
1150,000,000 pounds of copper :\ year.
That Increase would not. lmvo beon
brought nbout If the miner nnd metallurgist lind sat. down nnd wnltod for
boiler oconomlf.'il rnndlllonHi or ■!
cnpllnl lind lieen timid nnd, In spite
of Iosror, hnd not been willing to pour
monny into the development of 1,1 in
properties ko tlmt It would bo possible
today lo Introduce economies.
Nevertheless this economic question of conservation cnnstnnlly fncon
us, Very fow metallurgical process
nro pnrfect. from a niotnlhirplc.nl point,
of vlow. I know of none Jn which virtually nil tho elements of, tho oro nre
recovered, unless It be the treatment
of the hlelior grade Tlio Tinto ores, . ,
Tliu population of our country In
hnlf n ecu I ti ry hns grown from ,17,500,-
000 to nr>nr!y n hundred millions. Our
rnllrond mlleiiRo In the snnie period
lins Inoronseil from nbout AO.flOO miles
to 211,000 mlloH.' Our architects have
rejected stone nnd mortnr In favor of
nintnl to huHi nn extent tlint nn ordinary skyscraper coimuniM 10,000 Ions
of steel, Tlio demand for metal In
■enormous qimnlltlns hns therefore
boon ho urgent tlmt attention lo min-
lite economics Ims been overlooked to
n porlinps roprohon»lblo extent, and,
chemical 'products being less in popular demand than metal, chemical
manufacturing has not advanced so
rapidly as the metallurgical. Yet until these twin industries keep pace
with one another we have to go on
wasting.   .   .
At present the most obstinate c.\se
of waste is undoubtedly in the handling of coal; but coal mining has progressed at such a terrifically rapid
rate that it would have been almost
impossible to practise perfect economy, even if the chemical manufacturer had kept pace with tbe coal
mine, which he bas not done. Kven
under unbridled competition more
coal is not extracted than is consumed; but the price is so low that it
hardly warrants using the economies
which ought to be carried out in the
mining and the handling of the coa'.
and the making of coke. I do not
think that cheapness is an unmixed
benefit; but apart from tbe quest-o,i
of price there arises tliat of the utilization of by-products. Forgive me if
I draw again from experience. In the
northern part of Xew Mexico we aro
mining nearly 1,500,000 tpns of coal a
year, and are making about 330,000
tons of coke per annum. We are trying to do the best we know how, but
we do not pretend for a moment that
our operations are as economical as
they would be under ideal conditions.
Instead of bee-hiye ovens we have erected under-flue ovens, which aro a
kind of make-shift between the ordinary bee-hive oven, and the by-product
oven, the flue being constructed with
a view to preserving the heat of tho
gases on their passage from the ovens
to the steam boilers. We thus generate by tbe waste gases all the steam
we need for the washery, the pumps,
transportation service, and coal-cutting machinery; but' we have enough
waste heat to generate 5,000 horsepower more if we could find service
for it. AVe are looking for a subterranean water supply to,irrigate the
magnificent land around us, wliich is
athirst for moisture, but as yet the
wafer has eluded us.
It is easy to talk about conservation of natural resources, but it is not
so easy to actually bring qbout the desired result in most of the regions
where mining and metallurgy are
most active.
In the coking of coal there is the
most glaring waste. In Germany moro
than half the coal is coked in by-product ovens; in England about 25 per
cent, and here only about 20 per cent.
That is because Germany has taken
the lead in those branches of the
chemical industry of the world which
involve the' most minute study, outstripping, even England. The basic
analine patents, on which the prosperity of the coal-tar   trade   largely
Bocauso thoy are THE B68T ON THE MAR*
KET, that's why,
Buy them all the time at
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
rests, "were English patents, but Germany has become the greatest workshop of these delicate products, which
we use and import so abundantly.
Moreover, we Impart creosote to preserve our railway ties, paying in the
west nearly three times what it costs
in Europe, while the sky ls lurid from
tho burning gases of bee-hive ovens.
Sulphate of ammonia Mil be in increasing demand as the farmer wakes
up to the necessity of fertilizing his
depleted fields.
We have not been blameless in tho
past, Exuberant energy has been displayed in meeting the most urgent
demands of our growing population
by Increasing our transportation and
metallurgical facilities; but the era
of more careful conservation hns been
reached, nnd you who aro entering
tho domain of mining and metallurgy
will have to practlso more minute and
careful methods thnn wo, whom ''ou
aro replacing, have followed.In trying
to meet, tlm demands of tho recent period of perhaps abnormal national expansion. Properly to fulfill Mipmo
functions you must give moro a tion-
tion than we hnvo dono to chemistry.
Wo cannot in any caso bo nietnlliir,;.
Ists unless we are, so to, speak, chemists; but the careful nnd minute study
of Industrial chemistry will become
moro mul more In tlie future a branch
of metallurgical practice, nnd consequently a subject, of Investigation.
With tha htoady flow of population
westward all Industries, with their
Bludents and operators, will follow,
Thoso of you who follow tho cnl! to
the wostwnrd will hnvo, In Homo ros-
pects, a.more difficult task than we
older ones had to faco; for the cream
bus been .tikiiiimud from wok', of Um
largo mineral deposits, To ,renll/i<
proflls from llm enterprises you will,
therefore, bo obliged to study metli-
ods moro scientifically " nnd apply
management oven moro economically
tlinn wo lmvo practised. Wo hnvo
blazed I Iio (rail you will follow lowaul
Industrial perfection. You will n.V,
rcndi It; but each generation lm
fresh tanks to fulfill; It must not oily
cultivate new fields of Investigation,
but gtiimtlritn doriniiiU faculties If tlio
uplift, of tlio raco Is to be maintained.
simple, rugged honesty cached away
in the system of a true leader of organized labor.
Gompers was a poor man, as all his
associates know. He has had la the
way related many opportunities to
make himself wealthy. But the prosperity of the men m the factories,
shops and mines has been far more
to him than the comforts he could
enjoy through their sale to those who
would destroy them through the disruption of tlieir organized bodies.
Even his enemies must be forced to
have a high regard for the man who
sturdily and manfully resisted their
blandishments. He preferred to remain poor and continue in the work of
protection and defence for the toiling
millions, to whoso uplift he has dedicated a fine intelligence, as well as an
indomitable energy and impeachable
Every member of tho American
Federation of Labor, as well as every
man who respects integrity, will take
his hat off to Sam Gbmperk, tbe battle-scarred veteran of many battles
for union labor, the man who can't
be bought.—Kooky Mountain News.
The above editorial in the Kocky
.Mountain News, is certainly a glowing tribute to tbe honor and integrity
of the president of the American Federation of Labor. There is probably
not a man or woman of intelligence
in the labor movement of this country who hast, harbored tbe suspicion
that Samuel Gompers was susceptible
to bribery. There are many who have
severely criticized his policies, but
scarcely a man or woman in the ranks
of organized labor who places value
on a man's character, has over dared
to come out in the open and question
the integrity of the man who has
stood at the helm of the labor movement of this continent for the life of
a generation.
Samuel Gompers has been censured
and denounced for his affiliation with
the National Civic Federation, but
the men who have condemned him for
breaking bread annually at a patricians' feast have not laid at liis door
the crime of dishonesty.
The fact that he has been at the
hea'd of the labor movement of America for more than thirty years
proves that he has been trusted even
though his attitude on policies has
been brought into question.
An element that has masked its
hypocrisy and treachery under the
slogan of "One Rig Union" has'1 emptied its vials of venom and malice
against Gompers and made numerous
charges against his honor and loyalty
to the'''working class, but their indictments have been but the unsupported
accusations that were born in the fevered brain of fanaticism. The fact
that it has been revealed that Gompers spurned a bribe of $40,000 and a
lucrative position to betray his class,
will inspire a greater confidence in
the man who has been maligned and
traduced by the salaried clanderers
tion.—-Miners' Journal.
By John Kendriuk Bangs
All the world's a flshln' pool,
And within its waters cool
Lie all sorts of fishes.
We can catch most any kind
That is suited to our mind„,
'Cordin'  to our wishes.'"
We can land a mess o' woe
Any time we wish to go
After trouble anglin'.
We can land no end 'of care
In the waters everywhere
On the hooks of wranglin'.  ,
We can fill our basket up
Like an overflowin' cup
With a mess beguilin'.
If we bait our fishln'-hooks
With good cheer and pleasant looks,
Sympathy., and smilin'.
Receive The Ledger don't blame u«.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which Is printed on
the same label containing your address.
Livery, Feed j
and Sale .Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commlsion
George Barton  Phone 78
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
John A. McDonald
Special Representative
Sim Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric^ Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor      '
Fernie, B. C.
The  Leading Commercial Hotel of the'City
Rates $2.50 per day ;  Fire Proof Sample
'With Private Bath $3.00"
Rooms in Connection
First Aid To Victims
of Electric Shock
1—Remove victim from contact
with wire. In doing this, use dry
wood, dry clothing or rubber gloves.
Ho careful tlint rescuer does not re-
ceive shock himself. Stand on dry wood
before touching victim. Then, with
dry clothing or rubber gloves on the
hands, grab tho victim by looso clothing and lift quickly from contact with
2—Send for n doctor.
3—Uso pulniotor or oxygen tank If
you havo one handy.
•I—Artificial resplrntlon. ((a) Place
patient on stomach with head .turned
to ono side, with mouth nnd noso froo
from ground, (fo) Straddle victim's
hips, facing his head, (c) Place haniU
on lower ribs and throw your weight
heavily forward ho as to bring hoavy
pressure on llie victim's ribs, (Kinoes'.-
Ing thoyilr out of his lungs. Press on
ribs for three seconds. Thon release
proKsiin1 suddenly, allowing tbo nlr to
enter his lungs. Remove pressure fnr
two Boconds, (hen repeat operation.
Caro should bc; taken that UiIh movement Is not faster than 12 times n.
minute.■ Continue this movement for
at least one hour, or until a dontor
arrives, or tbo victim breathes naturally.   This is Important."'
.'—Do not give simulants, such as
whiskey or brandy.
fl— Dashing cold water In tho.fnco
or placing spirits or ammonia or oxygen gus near tho nose will often cnuss
the victim to gasp, thus helping res
pirn Mnn. (   ,.**
7—It Is highly Important to renrdi
the victim quickly iiud foefclu ll||s
treatment ut onco.
the Best of
Fino iNcckwoar, Sox, Caps, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots & Shoes, como to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold with a guarantee that if not satisfactory, you can return it and g<:t your money hack
Samuel Gompers
. H.  JL X UJVxo
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Perhaps thero nro few men In thfl I
country who lmvo boon moro nlbdorl
the flro of fierco and organized attack |
than Bitmuel Uompers, president ot
tho American Federation of Ubor. j
His motives havo beon impeached, bin
purpose* maligned, his ambitions dm-
t fnt>tr»f      Tn ihrt tni1ii«i|ft'>1 i-mWiii'-'.ili !n
which the federation haa been a fat-
tor he has been accuiod openly and
insidiously with countenancing crime
and sometimes <wlth Inspiring It. fn
tho McNamara caica It will bo remembered that In one way or another
hia name was dragged In with the
plain intention of connecting it even
lumoUily with llm I Am Aftlffeleft feXpUt-
iloas. But the machinery nt thn criminal law, aided bf as elatUe and -If •
teralned effort of private detective
agencies, was unable to bring home tn
him either -complicity ta or trmpathr
with physical violence at a weapon lo
brlnif about victory for organize 1 lv
j    in uu* nvVMiiuoim ot Uio working
7lA  ihi- XjUwj.'-jI  Ny.l!l!iHllU!W,i' Alinir
| elation, tbo most nMonllrjia enfmy
j that Qompers and organized labor lia»
' had to flRht In recent yeara, It in
clflarly shown that not only wns dorn-
iwrs nsfftlnut a policy of nhyMrnl Tnrf r>
Jn lnbor dlnptitps. but was above the
temptations of bribery to betray his
orKflnlMtlon. A money bribe of |I0,-
000 and a rooi! aalarled position for
life mlRht mako a less honest and
weaker man to pause. Not so with
Gompers. His InterrHj, waa paramount to tbo rewards of treachery.
The pretent and future of the million*
of worker* *ho have gl?en him their
confidence waa more to him than the
life of <s»*e lhat the monera of the
enemlps of his canst wonid hny, ft
waa * Rr.at temptation to be atire,
hat in ttt refutal tUtmptr* *h*ir*»a
that thir*1 Is * wonderful store ef
nHltMN', .Inly l!n,—Sovornl of those
ajijioliittd in (lie Prussian war of flea
holding the rank of officers will hn
trb'd by court miirilnl July 2',t. Tlmy
nro c.|ni!'K».d with iiccoiitlnK bribes
trnm tlm Krupii company nnd with
putativo Ire.'iHon.    Tlio trial will bo
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ....
0,000,000      Capital Paid Up
7,000,000      Total Assets .....
,     72,000,000
D.'.R, WILKIE, President HON, ROOT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pr«s.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits ot current rate from date of depoi't.
***,    t,iv)n*t„:
'■'■"■Hi In i-i>.
Milmr iinrt hnvln
It hwi not boon learned how many
of tho officer** aro Involved, but It Is
known, tliat four attorn")'* havo been
rotalned to defend thr-tn, rlvlnr r»,i.
jboji for the hcllof -tbat thero aro at
least throe or four accused.
Tho Institution of thoi-m trials is the
result of an Investigation of senra-
tional allegations mado by Herr Met*
knecht. a socialist, in a speech in the
Relchstaa last April. He tab! that th*
Krupp company kept in Herllu au
ftK«nt whose huslnetn It was to bribe
nrtny ani navy officials in order to
obtain an insieht into official documents. At that tlm«» On*ral Von
Heenlnffen, the mlnlstT of war, belittled Herr Uehknecht's fll«eio*«r<>«,
«!«!»lisfi that ftftly « f*-•«* ?v<w*«.m»-
Imififened efffcen* w**r*» involved
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by Thc Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting small sums of money. These Orders,
pnynblo without charge nt nny hank in Canndu (except in the Yukon
Territory) nnd in the principal cities of the United Stntcj, are issued at
the following rates;
$3 and under .., ,    .1 cent*
Over    5 and not exceeding $10    O    M
"    10     «' •« 30 TO    •♦
"    30     " M fiO 15    •«
•henU t» ttmtU bf mmm ef mi SPECIAL FOREIGN DUAPTS end MOWUY
ORDERS.   Iasoad without dtlay at r»aaon*bIe ratta.
'j, L. A. 8. DACK, Manager. FERNIE BRANCH
Cemetery Notice
1       .       ii
Persona '.visihiiiy IlicSr 1«»U in ('viiicttry k-ujit in
Brood condition for the senson, nt n rennonnMe
difirgi1, can'th-alsc arrangement*** with the tinder-
Funeral Dim-lon**, '$
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat, Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising, rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all lands of book, job' and
color work. . Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM   Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
"When the reader has perused tlie following lie
should lie in a position to judge .whether lie is one
of the "disloyalists or cowards"• or whether he is
opposed to the legalized Imtchery of war with all
its horrors and excesses and suffering. Let him
compare the opinion of tho arm-chair editor of llie
Victoria "Week and the report of the parliamentary
commission appointed to enquire into the allegations of .barbarism leveled against the Bulgarian
army in the Bulk-ans:
In spite of Socialists, "Seventeen notables shut
disloyalists and cowards, up in one room were plerc-
it is perfectly obvious tbat ed to tbe heart by bayonets
the military spirit is very and thrown Into a pit half
'militant" in British Col- alive, and covered with
umbia. During tbo last earth. Tbe committee found
week approximately 1,200 tbe bodies of 100, women
men have been under can- who bad been buried alive,
vas at Sidney, including de- The methods used were in-
tachments from the Main- describable. The Bulgars
land. The camp was visit- poured petroleum over
ea and inspected by Gener-" them and set them on fire,
al Sir Ian Hamilton and One body was found witth
Col. the Hon. Sam Hughes, both feet cut off'and a rope
Minister of Militia. They around the neck. Girls -who
said many good things resisted the men attacking
about the regiments, among them were mutilated. Flfty-
them that better material   two were butchered in tho
attract many additional recruits!"     This is how
they value your intelligence and. your patriotism;
this is how they appeal to your vanity!
_>.* .. 	
- Take another peep at the darker side. All those-|
who have seen the sickening'sight of a battlefield
have impressed on their memory a picture the vividness of which defies reproduction b}T any artist or
scribe. Those who have seen "excellent artillery
practice" in reality know what it means. The
torn and shattered limbs; the weltering blood, the
twitching of protruding muscles; the droning of
pestiferous insect; the moans of the wounded;
their terrible thirst; the stony stare of the dead; the
drooping jaw; the shamble and the stench. Do you
think the man who writes about the "military"
spirit has seen these things; do you think he has
read of them? And above all, do you "think he is
likely to enjoy any of these horrors? Take him
into a slaughter house and show him the stuck
beast; let him watch the twitch of its muscles; the
welling of its blood; or let him hear the choking
cough as the blood "slowly asphyxiates the dying
animal. Tell him that- a man shot through the
the chest struggles and fights like that animal for
breath—tell him that this is AVAR with a dumb
animal as the victim. Ask him what it would be
like if the butcher were a Christian brother and
the victim—yes, himself! Then possibly he will
realize what a "militant" spirit produces.
Chloroform the worker with "the flag," and
bury him with same. But in spite of this the Socialist, disloyalist and cowards will prevail. Tlie
"militant" spirit is damned and will die, and in
less than-another twenty years humans will look
with horror and disgust, upon those who attempted
to defend in a "civilized" era thc greatest iniquity
of all time—WAR.
Nehvs of the District Camps
- (Continued from Page 5)
was not tto be found within
the Empire. This encampment was also inspected by
open air. The victims numbered 200, the. rest of the
population    escaped    wiien
the   visiting   general   and the   city   was   bombarded,
Minister  and  special  note and it was known tbat the
' taken of the brilliant artil- army was close at band and
lery practice for which the advancing rapidly on their
Fifth is famous,    The pro- exit from, the   city.   .   .   .
ceedihgs   lit   both   camps Twenty thousand people at
"SerBs~arG~nonreiess. . . ."
tbe   manoeuvres   wero   ad- The above is an extract
mirably executed, and tbe from     the     parliamentary
Province    was    furnished committee assigned to vis-
with one more excuse for it the places at wliich atroc-
its   fondness   for   military ities have been committed
training and its firm belief by the Bulgarians' army,
that "God helps those who .   ...
help themselves."
It is a groat pity that the sapient scribe from the
coast did not" enlighten us as to what Ihe "good
tilings' said aliout the regiment really were, and
how tickled tlie men of the regiment were to hear
them. J low all thoso despicable cowards (?) who refuse to be dressed in kakhi, belted and trapped, and
paraded before a gawking populace or sweated
on parade and io hear these good things must feol
their position.   Should they not; ho profoundly impressed with their own meanness and littleness in
refusing to learn lo kill his follow worker—liis brother!
"God helps those who help themselves!" Cnn
you wonder Unit thore arc men who abuse Christianity and curse the church when men can ho
found who wiil give expression to such vaporing*
and rjuoto biblical phrases to support; the greatest
and most terrible crimp, of civilization? Do yon
wonder lhat I hern are thoso who scoff and mock
when they hear ni.'iilioii of "God ol: Peace,"
"the gentle and lowly Nawirine"? JTow wero
the harmless wretches m Iio were sacrificed lo thn
debaiH'liM'y of war lo defend themselves against
thn Bulgars? And "if they could not help lliciii-'
selves I hen I hey were damned mid thn Bulgarians
mm I have boon justified? The wholo .tiling"is l.uu
horrible, too grotesque, and lhat; mon can lie
found lo introduce the name, of u divinity to justify
win' is but author instance of the very narrow mar-
giin that* divides thc civilized (?) writer of the west
from tho barbariotis soldiers of tlio Bulletins, The
.argument that the Bulgariiins are nol, civilized is
the result of ignorance on Iho part of those who
avail themselves of same, AVilhiu the lust few
years "civilization" has mado remarkable strides
in Sofia anil those who have resided in the Balkans
-will toll you Unit, the armioH of tlio allies aro officered by men from the great Kuropcan countries-
Germany, France, Knglnnd, ntc, These men have
boen instructed in tlio gnnin; have been taught how
to kill and how lo aid. Thc dividing line between,
iho barbflriotiH soldiery of Bulgaria and Europe—
or America—-is vory narrow. The lust of. bnttlo
oi'iit^ti oui iJic liitiii-unl.Hiiu tmihi uiogustiug traits
in i'mim.ui iiiUuru, To n.i) (imt "(ioti iteipu those
who help tliom-HelvcH," and to try lo defend niili-
luriHtn with such in the worm profanity irnnRinablo.
Yot these very men who so glibly quote would
l.AA.  -i.jt   il.tlk   lltkUua  i,\  ift,\l*tt    'i'iV,i<C },\X*  *■*•* iV»>,*V*v,-»
that "Might wns Right." They will prate of
"justice!," the "equality of men," their Christian
Do not for one moment think that wo blame the
vomit? man who buckles nn hist -wonfrernorit and
shoulders Itm rifle nnd turn* ont on parade; youth
is vain nnd the appeal oi" "patriotism" is nliiinn«.
Wo remember reading in tho Victoria Colonist re-
■cently "that when the men turned out in their
jtrnurt naw uniforms it wn» hoped thnt this would
We have received several communications with
reference to above in which the correspondents
have suggested that just one public meeting would
settle the whole business, wliile several have advanced the contention that if the Fernie Board of
Trade is so solicitious about how they spend their
money and where they spend it that they might
extend their sympthies to their employees. . Others
are more advanced in their expressions, We are
inclined to agree with one correspondent, however,
who points out that so long as one tradesman waits
for the other to move theii' will be no move and ii*
will be one continuous "stall." , For our part we
would prefer to see the shop assistants go after it
themselves, or failing this that some public-spirited
tradesman made the "move." Any tradesman who
has sufficient courage to do this will, we feel sure
be at no financial loss, but rather will have accomplished a smart piece of advertising.. The retail
clerks of Fernie work on an average from 57 to 58
Hours per week. Some are granted a vacation once
a year of about 7 to 30 days, but as they work in
the course of the year about 520 hours more than
the eight hour man, we think they earn this vacation and a bit more. The half holiday would reduce their hours to about 52-53 hours per week and
if this is not long enough for shops to be open then
we might as well lo go back a bit, and keep them
open on Sundays. To those who would question
our right to champion the cause oi! the clerks would
say that this paper is published in thc interests of
the worker, whether he wears a suit of overalls or
a linen collar.
The following "Application for Employment"
was handed a worker who was Reeking a change of
venue, or exercising tho glorious privilego of getting another job. The length of it compels us to
reduce tho size of type, but nothing is omitted and
it forms n pretty fair sample of Iho iiiquisiloral
methods of the modern capitalist, who must now
be acquainted with not only the pedigreo of Ihe
applicant, but, liis financial status and his nationality beforo ho is even templed to"consider" Iho
applicant ns a suit able aspirant for the much eon-
velod "job":
with thu Anaconda Copper Mining Company, Mont.
Xo ".	
Namo of Applicant 	
Age  nirthplaeo
If foreign-born, nro you a'citizen of the United States?„.
If not n jlttoen, have you taken aify stopn ton become ono?
If not, Ik It your Intention to become one?	
Profession or tradR ....... , ,.
For what portion aro you nn applicant?	
Were you'ovor lir tho employ' of thia.Company?,,	
ir ho, iu whnt Department? .,..,.;. ',	
Dato nnd period of service ., ,,,, ,
Hy whom Inst employed anil, In what capacity? ,,. ,,■,.....
Onto anij period of sorvlco with hint employer ond under
whnt foreman (Rive foremans iinmo) ,
IIhuhou for leaving Inst employment  ,,...	
HoforoncoH ...	
Canyon rend and write longllsh?  •..	
Married or slnglo .., ," ,	
If marrlod, whoro does your finally reside?	
Aro you a, proporty ownor in Anaconda?	
If ho, glvo location ,, ,	
Have you any family dependent on yoa for support?	
Date ....,,......,.  Stfiifitnre
ProHont Addross '.'....
Tho only thing that does not appear to worry the
employer is whether Applicant has been convicted
of niaiifilnughler or any other crime.
was the cause for such a state of affairs. Five weeks is certainly too
long to keep us in waiting; for everyone concerned, an effort should he
made to secure the much talked of bimonthly paybill for.B. C. Surely
what Alberta has accomplished we
could do and ought tb do.
Quite a respectable funeral was
made f0r the late Julius Gabrion on
Friday last week, a number of conveyances being in attendance, containing
friends and workme closely connected
with the deceased, he having no relatives in this part of the country. The
Rev. Father Meissner conducted the
The Juniors travelled to Coal Creek
via Fernie on Saturday morning last to
try conclusions with'the present holders of the Liphardt cup and a good
hard game was witnessed, for the Michel Juniors intend to try and arrest
the trophy this season. However, the
result of 2 goals to 1 was in favor of
the Coal Creek "kids," and in remembering a remark made at Michel during a friendly encounter between the
same rivals some time ago, i.e., "Daddy knocked a kid down," will apply
back to them, seeing they played "Juniors" above that limit the competition calls for; but we take the defeat
in good spirit, and hopo to bc. avenged
on the return date.
The Seniors also travelled tto Fernie to play the return league game,
and were successful in winning by the
only goal -scored in the match. A
good clean game was played and handled in a very satisfactory manner by
It. Levitt, of Bellovue. We wero
pleased to see W. Jenkins out In harness once again, having been "hors de
combat since the first game of the
season through an injury received
against Hillcrest. W. Samuels and
Jim Hardman were two notable absentees from the team selected and
suitable substitutes were hard to find
t0 fill their places. Joe Littler again
came into the team, but was early on
rendered ineffective by an accident,
thus being no more than a passenger
for the rest of the game. Jim Movris
also came back again into the team to
guard the goal, hut had very little to
do. Mictfel gained two more points
just to make their total look respectable, and the boys hope to gain two
more next week at the "expense of
Hosmer, who will be visitors here.
Mr. Tom Horrocks, who has been
laid up with a bad foot through blood
poison, is able to be around again, also
Mr. J. Horrocks, his father, who has
been very seriously ill. is improving
nicely and is able to sit around once
again.    '
Dave Grundy, hoist man, in No. 3
mine, took the local Monday morning
, for a short vacation, and join his wife
on her parents' farm in Sunny Alberta.
o . ♦
•«► ♦
<*»■♦' ♦«"*►««►♦ <«-•■ *♦;.♦■'♦'*•* ■*»
Professor Lovering, representing
Mount Royal College of Calgary, was
in town on Monday, trying to interest-
students in the above mentioned institution.
Mr. Yeiiger, who was ln the R. N,
W. M. P. previously, camo to town on
business on Wednesday.
A company of flshor8 left on Sunday for North Fork via Burmis. They
were Jack Miller, Dan Steone, J. Nicol
and Ed. Donkln.
A largo number of young pooplo
took in the Church of England picnic
to Crow's Nest on Tuesday.
All the Odd Follows of Southern
Alberta are to gather In Blairmore on
Thursday, when a bi',' -seldlrallon will
bo hold,,
Mrs. Patmore, of Cranbrook, fonn-
orly of Fnnk, piiHsod '.hrouRh town to
Lothbrldgo on Monday, whoro their
son, Claire, is dangerously 111.
Mr. and Mrs. W. J. McGownn loft for
n visit to Lothbrldgo on Mondny.
A party or Macleod people nutood to
Frank on Saturday to spond Sunday at
tho Sanatorium,
Tlm Government has boon conferring Ils honors lately, Mr. Wm. Simpson and Mr. A. C. Beach bolng appointed Justices of tlio peace.
Mr, Huston, formerly ono of the
Frank Rchool tenchors, is spending his
holiday in Iowa,
Mr. J, llopor loft on Wednesday
ii 114Itt for a fow days' visit to Cnin-
At. tlio homo of Mr. Frank Pokornoj,
on Saturday, .Inly 1flth, at ti ■ o'clock,
Karl PokorneJ, who wns united In marriage to Miss Hobii cihiilka, both of
Frank,    Itov. W. T, Young officiated.
At. tho homo of the groom, on Saturday, July 10th, hy Uev. W. T, Young,
Tlioophllp Plrlot, to Miss Mario LoiiIho
Goblot, hoth of Frank, ,.
Don't forget to pet your list in by the 31st, j\J.
ready several hnvo qualified for prizes. We hopo
shortly t•) put on iv simple, competition for the littk
ones when substantial prtecs will be offered, Hut
the principle will be the *Anuv-Ihey will be asltcd
to do something to Inerenso tho popularity of the
Ledger and fhey will ho hnnrUomely rewarded for
same.    Watch next week's differ.
Saturday InBt was payday up horo
and a, largo contingent or Crookltofl
Journeyed to Fornlo to tako In tho
sight tho city offers,
C!(Wf.wM   flnMnK   *<*,«.I •!,•.",   »►.,,.-"— **.*l   I ft
Morrlnsey dlntrtct during thn wniMc
end. Good linskotfl wns thn result. Ono
hundred and fifty! sold Davo.
A InrKo numhor of football club supporters took tho journoy to Ilollovuo
on Saturday lust, a plonaant tlmo bo-
uiK HpMir ju tho smoker held alter iho
Rnmo. Tho homo Journoy was mado
on Sunday mornlnR. Ono Individual
was so dellRhtod with tho nspoet In
and around llellovuo thnt ho oxclalm.
j ed; "T would lirlnR my wlfo out horo
If I worn only working And sotted
htiro." Say, Hob, whnt bfi-finmo of tho
do** you had? Tfnt the chair arrived
yet? We iuv it beon expeetliun proof h
of Iho photographs thst ymtti takon,
Wo think that Jimmy wonld look woll
dresiipd ns n Indv! TUn* off. Nuff sod,
The Junior Football Club entoMln-
ed Mlchol Juniors up hor* an fltiur-
day and ran out winners 3-0. We
think that birth certificates should bo
produced before a junior (?) is allowed to play ih these. junior competitions. George Barker handled the
game in creditable manner..
The Senior Football Club arrived
home on Sunday beaten but not disgraced 2-1. We understand that a
hard and fast game was played and
that merit should'be bestowed on each
club. A draw would have represented the game.- We are informed that
the decision is to be contested at the
league meeting to be held in Michel
on Saturday, July 26th,
Bill Bennett and friends were having a joy ride in an automobile round
this burg on Sunday. Coyote street is
rather rough for motors.  So they say.
Our old friend Harry Anderson was
admitted to the army of martyrs on
Monday, July 21st. The ceremony was
performed by the Rev. Mr. Perley at
tho home of the bride, Riverside View
West Fernie. The west Fernie Shlveree band was in attendance. Mr, and
Mrs. Chris Wright, of Morrissey
Villa, were among the guests, representing the office staff. We wish them
both much happiness and long life.
Say, Harry, the cigars were all right,
but what about the Ledger man?
.Miss Mabel Michel is spending a
vacation with her sisrer, Mrs. Morgan
John, at Cranbrook.
.Coal Creek was well represented at
the monthly social held in connection
with the Loyal Order of Moose by
members and wives, etc. The festivities were so that they didn't want to
leave, as evidenced Uy the fact they
could not get home till Tuesday morning. A good time is reported. C. Perry, of Coal Creek, officiated on the
The long deferred basket social in
connection with the football club takes
place in the Coal Creek club hall on
Wednesday, July 30th. A committee
are around soliciting baskets. Now,
ladies, "get busy. J. W. Bennett, .of
Fernie, will auctioneer the baskets. Social to commence at S o'clock. Admission at door, gents 50c, ladies free.
Refreshments supplied. Come in
crowds and bring your purses. 4
The picnic held at Morrissey on
Wednesday in connection with the
Presbyterian Sunday scliool was voted one of the best held. The party,
numbering 150, left Coal Creek on a
special train and on arrival at Morrissey conveyances met the party and
drove up to the townsite, where a series of sports were held, the following
being the winners in" the various
events: p. Shanks, J. Hughes, II. Fox,
L. Armstrong, A. Duncan, G. Fox. Girls
races: Misses Coughlan, Martin, La-
mont, McKay, Martin, Hughes, Davidson, Wilson and Bunch, Married women's race: (1) Mrs. Appleby, (2) Mrs.
Lamont, (3) Mrs.-Watson. Married
Ladies slriirping_:_(U ^ail&_Smilh,-I£jL
Mrs. Morton, Mrs. .Lamont. Afterwards a little dancing was indulged in.
tea and cakes being served. The return journey was made about G o'clock
and a special train conveyed the party
back to Coal Creek which was reached
about 7 o'clock.
The committee of the Presbyterian
church desire to thank the host, and
hostess, Mr. nnd Mrs. John Lawson, for
tlio facilities granted towards the
pleasant day spent on the occasion of
tho picnic.
The "fight" held in town on Tuesday
drew a great crowd of the sports from
Coal Creek. We hoard of one of our
local celebrities doing a flying trapezo
stunt. Fortunately there was no damage done,   ■*..       .   " ,,"'        [
Slav town took on a festive appearance on Monday, tho occasion being
the wedding of Arthur Groen, a color-
od man, to a lady from Louisville, Kentucky. Tbo nuptial knot was Hod In
Fornle by Rev. Perley. Tho hnppy couple enmo up on tho fi o'clock train. The
festivities wero kept up till tho woo
small hours. Georgo Domonlc supplied tho music- Eating and drinking
wns tho order of the night. Pleased to
report tliat, everything was orderly,   ■
William Strolongor and family havo
taken up a residence In Slav town,
John llonrdman has arrived in camp
from Lolgh, Lancashire, Fngland, Wo
welcome thco, lad, In grodoly Lanky
fashion, has tha browt tho clogs?
Tlio wouldho pugilists who woro giving mi exhibition near tlio train last
week wnro pulled boforc tho honk In
town and relieved of a llttlo of tliolr
ready cash, Tbo arena Is the plncu
for finhlH, boys,
We hnvo repeatedly warnnd tho drivers around hero of tho dangers to tho
public oiuisod by tiiolf rocklosanoss
when coining off shift. Last week one
appeared In front of hl« worship for
tho samo cause, Tho roadB aro mado
for pedestrians and not to bo used for
rouglit riding purposes,'. Nuff,sod,
Mrs. William Hilton arrived buck
from tho Old Country whoro sho has
boon Rejourning for tbo last fow
months on account of 111 honlU). fihn
roportH as novor fooling hotter In hot
life, Pleased to soo you looking so
Mr. and Mrs. Frod kaylnnd hnvo
started tho dutlos nntl worries of
housekeeping, having taken a reHh
donco In Welsh camp. Wo wish you
Don't forgot tho baskot social In tho
Club hall on Wednesday;1 July ilOth,
Bring your pursoa.
Voting for Vlco ProBldont and Sec-
rotary Treasurer of District 18 took
pmce on Wednesday from 6.30 a.m. to
■Wa i.',m„ u Urn*} uuuihtir *jC toUi* being recorded, Tho results are anxiously bolng looked for.
A mishap occurrod to tho *M, F. ft
M. engine 1.810 on the Journoy up with
tho 2 o'clock train wi Wertnemlnv
which caused tho mon to walk from
Welsh camp to work.        ;i
Tho following ls tho Conl Crook lino
up against Hlllcrest on Saturday. July
20th. nt Hlllcrest: Goal, Ilnnns; badks,
McLotclilo, McFegan; halves, Sweeney, McFegan, Whyto; forwards, Harper, llooth, Manning, Jolnnon, Johnstone; resorves, Partridge, Armstrong.
Tha Junior football club entertain
Fornle Juniors up horo on Saturday
next In tho Liphardt cup competition.
Como and boost for the hoys.
An Italian, by mrtyo Tony Runnollet-
tl, h«d his collar bono broken by a
door of a.box car sliding down while
the car was tilted up ou the box car
loader on Friday night, July 18th. He
was removed to hospital. , /
, Mat Spino, rope rider in No. 5 mine,
was brought down from the mine with,
an injured fopt on July 18. After being attended to by Dr. Workman.he
was able to -proceed home.
Saturday-morning, July 18th, the
tipple train was held back to carry
James McFee to hospital with injuries
to chest and back caused by a timber
falling on him while following his employment as timberman at 1 South
mine. ■
J. Blakemore received injuries to his
leg while at work in 1 East mine,
which necessitated a few stitche3 being put in.
On Thursday morning Joe Weston
driver in No. 9 mine, collided with,
some timbers while drawing trip and
as a result -broke his thigh. He was
conveyed to Fernie by a special train.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ,♦
«* ♦
«►♦«•>♦♦«*> <► ♦ « «- ♦ 4» ♦
A dance was held In the pool hall
here on Monday, July 14th, and the
large number in attendance report
having a very good time. Music was
supplied by Peacock and Dickson and
very much appreciated by all. About
thirty couples took every advantage
until the wee small hours, when the
"home sweet homo" was played and
the crowd wended their way homo
thinking of the very pleasant evening
they had enjoyed.
Evidently someone was trying to
work a little sandy the night of the
dance, for while Mr. and Mrs. Skelth
were doing the two step in quick
time some intruder found his way. into"-Mr. Skeith's store and .was busy
helping Jiimself to the cash drawer.
Fortunately for Mr. Skelth, however,
when the two step was over ho
thought he would- take a look ln at.
the store, .and disturbed the would be
burglar, who dug out the back and
vanished in the darkness, leaving a
broken window and -getting away
with nothing of any consequence.
This little incident will, no doubt, put
other people on their guard, especially the business men, who don't like to
have their little bit of cash on hand
made scarce by such means . when
money is so tight as it is these days.'
The party who has been so much
interested in the controversy going on
for months past concerning the present location of the hotel and where It
should be situated will fobl easy in
their minds now they see the new site
being prepared in the vicinity of the
business section of Coalhurst.
John O. Jones and Organizer Carl
Theodovitch were visitors to Coalhurst last week and addressed the
.miners at the meeting of tho local
Bro. Carl has promised to spare us a
few days before very long and assist
are not very much in favor of organized labor and trade union movement, but still are willing to reap tho
fruits of organization."
Tho financial situation of the country made itself felt in Coalhurst this
week when the boys wont to draw
their big pay on the 19th instead of.
the dollar bills they seen a notice
posted 'at the wicket asking them to
be kind and wait until Monday for
thoir coin as thore was a delay and
tho money had not como through In
tinio to pay. The boys looked a little
bluo nnd some got a llttlo hot under
their collnrs and moro than ono got a
licking from tbe missis who was expecting to seo hor boy como in with
a big wad, Thank goodness tho nine-
t(?on' thousand bucks landed on Monday. Ono thing noticed hy mnny on
Saturday was tho brewery wagon going back to Lothbrldgo qulto early.'
Not for another lond, but to tnko bnck
most, nil thoy brought out. The
mountles nlso had a trip for nothing
on account o'r tho pay being hold
back so perhaps thero Is no harm
dono aftor all.
A board or trado meeting la to bo
bold this week to consider tho possibilities or Incorporation as   a vlllago.
Tho T. O. O. F. are forming a local
hero this weok, Ahout forty now
members hnvo got In tliolr nppllca-
tion to tbls woll known society. Tlio
school Is being usod 'm tho meantime
to hold their meetings.     .>
A sports day Is being talked about
qulto a hit and it's nbout time somebody got to.work nnd saw what could
he. done In this direction, LqI's hope
(he hoard of trado mooting will take
thin ■matt-or up this wook nnd do .something to mnko a good day's programme,
Tho young men of this place who
pteni to bo working to eaptir,'o tho
papers and the examinations would
hi* doing a good thing In subscribing
for a dollar's worth'or "District Lnd-
gnr, Tho qitofltlons and other mattern
published In Its columns would bo n
good help to thorn In thoir studios for
tho pnfiors,
■»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ »♦»»»»♦»♦
♦ ■ -..♦■■
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For the-past month the inhabitants  ,
of Beaver Mines haye had rather an
anxious time of it, as the gossips were
busy once more serving- up the old
dope about the firm being bankrupt .
and the mine closing down.
On ?his occasion, however, the -
"heads"..that are always in the> know,
and can give tiie winner-every time
before the race starts, had some
grounds to'work upon' seeing that.a
report appeared in tlie press over a •*
month ago that a general meeting of
the shareholders of the Western Coal
,& Coke Company would be held ■ in
Montreal on July 18th for the purpose
of re-organizjng the company and increasing the capital by one and a half
million dollars. This gave rise to various speculations seeing that money
is tight, and as the increase in.capital
was sure. to meet with opposition
from the small shareholders a stormy
meeting ending ,in failure was not only predicted as a sure thing, butxthe
credit of the company had gone so
low that local tradesmen refused to
cash their cheques for men who were
pulling out. .When pay aturday came
and cheques were not forthcoming in
the usual way, it was scarcely to be
wondered at when the men kicked
and refused tb start work again until
they received cash for what they were .
entitled to. However, when it was
made known at the local meeting on
Sunday that the manager, Jlr. Sam .
McVicar, had given his word that all
was well w}th the firm, and that capital was forthcoming and men would
be paid the following day, a resolution to resume work next * morning
was carried.  -
From what, we can learn the firm
is not only on a sounder financial basis now than ever before, but between
two and three hundred thousand dollars has been voted for the development of No. 1 mine, arid as No. 2 Is already a paying proposition the future
of the camp is already secured. The
boarding house and bunkhouse in connection with .the mines here has been '
.closed for over three months and this
has been a source of great inconvenience to "strangers coming to the
camp. For close on three years Mr.
E. W. Ballantyno rented these .Institutions) from the company and made
good out of the business. When, however, work became slack at tho beginning of this year, Mr. Ballantyne closed down and embarked in .real estate
business in order to give his friends,
patrons and customers a chance of
getting rich quick by gambling in real
estate. Tho bunkhouse has been removed to a more suitable location
close to tbe boarding house, and judging from the number of prospective
boarders that are finding employment
in and about the'mines every "week
it seems strange that the boarding
house should bo allowed to remain
closed so. long, but now that the fu-_
secured in all probability it will soon
find a tenant.
Mrs. Drew, late of Coleman—wife
of Harry the lampmnn—has returned
from Pincher Creek hospital whero •
sho underwent a serious operation
about a month ago. For close on 10
years Mrs. Drew has suffered frbm an
ulcerated stomach, and sho has suffered,a martyrdom, having to go without
food for ovor a week at a time. Dr.
Connors of Pincher Croek and Dr.
Ross'of Coleman performed the operation and removed tho diseased pnrt of
tho stomach. So far tho operation
sooms to ho a splendid success, as
sho appears to bo qulto well again.
Donald McMillan, formerly-of Colomnn, but hns been employed os fire
boss hore for close on two years,
loft this camp to taKo up a> similar
pcsltlon at Bollevuo, Donald takes
with, him tho best wishes of'tho boys
from Heaver.
4*>-»0<-V* <«-•♦<>♦♦«<»«<
Tho Fairmont. Hotol horo wns opened up on Monday last. Tho occasion
was celebrated hy a flno danco and
supper. Thoro was a good attendance
from all tho surrounding camps, and
tbey nil report having bad a right good
There Is no wonder that tho Old
.Man Hlvor Is going down whon fish
weighing nlno to ton pounds nro drawn
out, one having boon caught nt, .too
Dohock's pino tbo largest roportod for
finite a long time,,
SASKATOON', July 2S.~-Tlilrty.flvo
hundred farm hands Jo tbo numbor tho
Incal heard of trade will ask the railways to bring Into this district on
tliolr harvest excursions this yonr, A
discussion ensued as to ulinllicr ttho
unemployed In tho city would not re-
duco tho numbor needed, Saskatoon's
unemployed wns put down at 500.
Thomson &. iMoxxison
Funeral Directors Fertile, B. C
Local Agents
Orders tnJcen throughout the Pass
*''*■''■-'*■' j       . 'THE DISTRICT LBDGBE, FERNIE,  B. 0., JULY 26,1913. ■ \ PAGE FIVB     ..*■■ fy
i,   1,
• t
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*    .,'**——     —       ——-        •—   —       ' ■■■"" -■—-      „*=__.       «■■■!■ m,     w>r- - ™**«W«il^   ■^H^"***"^      ^hh   ^i«r   ^b» ^QP^ ^W MHUflM MM   EHB^ TOB|V
strict Camps
i> ;
«* ■
BELLEVUE NOTES           ♦
•  o                 -    *.*                                     ♦
Copeland, of Burmis, is
guest 'of Mr.
•Mrs. Geo,
visiting in camp, ^ the
John Hutton.
. Mr. Harry Quigg is in camp and has
started to work at No. 1 mine.
Mr. F. Padgett and Jephson were
visiting-some friends at North Forks
on Saturday and Sunday. They also
had a short time fishing and brought
home some fine fish.
Mr. Malcolm Lynk has arrived in
camp from the north and has started
to work at No. 2 mine.
■Mrs. Joseph Robinson, who has
been visiting some "friends in Winnipeg for some time, .past, returned
home this week looking well for having been away. .   ,
Mrs. Colin McGIllvray, who has
heen away for some time past, is in
camp this week visiting, the .guest of
Mrs. John D. McDonald. She intends
etaylng a few days beforo leaving for
the north to join her husband, who
has secured a ^position .as engineer
up there.
Master Willie Cousins met with a
■rory painful accident this week while
playing football, with some boys he
fell on his arm and -broke it just p,bove
the <wrlst. The doctor was summoned
and set the arm. He Is doing as well
as can be expected ^ considering the
bad break.
Saturday was .pay day and things
'have been pretty lively around this
burg since.
Dr. and Mrs.. McKenzie, who have
been away on their vacation for the
last, two months, returned to camp
this week. The doctor visited some
of the biggest hospitals in U. S. A.
and looks well after his vacation. He
has been kept busy since he arrived
Now don't forget the man who Ms
taking the subscriptions for the Ledger. He is determined to land a prize
in this competition, so don't fail to
see him. It Is the best„ dollar's worth
you will get for some time.
Walter Mills has accepted a .position as teamster at the Bellevue mine.
The Ramblers club, who have been
camping, at the Crow's Nest for the
'last week, returned home this week.
They all report a good time.
The°Bellevue Athletic Association
had a general meeting this week and
transacted, some important business
at the meeting. Mr. Harry Campbell
sent in his resignation, which was accepted wlthou-t^much-hesltatlon-and-a-
man appointed to fill the position as
trainer of the football toam. We hope
that the man appointed will always be
on hand to give the boys all the assistance they need at all times.
The Misses MacKechnios, of Cal-
: gary, are visiting in camp at present
the guests of Mr. and Mrs. E. W,
Christie. Thoy intend staying for a
few days beforo returning to their
home In Calgary.
Quito a big crowd of the Bellevue
people attended the opening of tho
new Fair-mount hotel at Maple Leaf.
Tho Bollovuo orchestra was in attendance and furnished music for tho
dance that commenced at an early
hour. Tho dance was free, also tthe
luncheon, Tho hotel,was opened for
business on pay day and quite :i big
crowd aro already boarding thero,
Mrs. D. Slack, of Fornlo, B. C, ls
visiting in camp for a fow days, tho
guost of Mrs. 0. W. CJouslns.
Mr. Goo, Noblo was In Fornlo on
Sunday and Monday of this wook, vis-
It Ing his parents, Mr. nnd Mrs. Hubert
Mr. and Mrs. William Watson, of
Colomnn, woro visiting in camp on
Sunday, the guest of Mr. and Mrs.
John Hutton,
Mr, T. TI. Tumor, of Nelson, B. C„
is visiting In camp this wook, tho
gueKt of Mr. and Mrs. James Turner.
Tlio Tlrllevuo band gavo an opon
air concert In front, of the Lyric theatre on Sunday night to a good audi-
once. Tbo following Is thn programme
March "Captain Courageous"
Selection  "Hours or Homily"
Selection   "Songs or Sentiment"
March   "TTnrsn CuardR"
Selection   "Wnr Songs"
Rolcetlon "Sun of my Soul"
God Savo tho King
Tlio Tlnllovue band Intend giving an
opon air concert nt ,|IllIcrost Sundny
afternoon next, July 20, at 3 p.m„
wnathor permitting.
The local team mot Coal Crook on
Saturday and plnyod the lonpuo fix-
turo,   Tho gnmo   waB   tho   fastest
played at Ilollovuo this season.   Both
teams woro In good shnpo, and tlio
Ramo stnrtoil away; for a fast game
and tho piny was font nil through, Tho
first half ondod   In   favor  of  Coal
Crook, score 1-0.   Tho  second  half
was nlso vory fast nml tho llollevue
hoys scored thoir first goal off n pen-
nlty thnt mndo things equal'nnd moro
Interesting.  Shortly before the whJs-
tlo blew for tlmo tho Bollovuo -boys
Boewreil their second goal, which wns
scored hy Tommie Marsh, „ tho wnr
uuibu,   uy ooating the Conl Croek
hoyn mi r,nlu,r4v .hey aland uvea (n
/ho longuo,   Thero was n big lot of
monoy chanKod hand* on tho «am».
.,, M the conclusion of tho irnmo tho
Conl Crook hoys and their frlondn
who aceomimntad A\tt*m wr* nn**?.
tMii-Bd at ity) Socialist hall whoro ov-
orythlnjr to mnko n very pleasant cv-
nnlnit wns done.   Tho BolJevim foot-
hnll commlttoo hnd a Rood smilkor nr«
ronirml st which thero' wn» a hlr
crowd and everyone  enjoyed   thorn-
solve*,   The hoyn sny It w»i ono '<F
the tlnifls of their liven, ,
Mr.*Thomnn tongford left Mnnd.iy
for lothbrldgo to «wt, hi* wife who
hns.bflpn on a visit to hor psronts In
Iho Old Country,   Oh, yeu Tom!
Mrs, Joseph Btepheson arrived in
.tamp this wflok from Wnmonfl City te
jWn her hinbATid who has Imtm nor*
fnr som* time.
■ Mr. Fred Parker made a flying trip
to Lethbridge this'.week on business.
Something in "the air, Fred?
'Miss Clara Pearson, of Calgary, and
Mr; Eugene Pearson, of Edmonton,
are visiting their friends here.
Miss May. Taylor, of Maple Leaf, is
visiting in Calgary.
The local Sunday school re-opened
last Sunday after being shut down
for six weeks.oa account of the epidemic of measles among the children.
Lightning struck one of the fans at
the local mine on -Monday and put it
temporarily out of commission. The
mine was shut down on Tuesday as a
Mrs. Jas. A. Irwin, of Clinton, Ontario, is visiting in Bellevue for a couple of weeks, the guest of her son,
Rev. Wm. H. Irwin.
A movement Is on foot to secure
the eminent lecturer, Jlr. J. McPhail
Waggett, to deliver his humorous lecture on Mark Twain, at Bellevue and
other Pass points shortly. If successful this district will be afforded one
of the rarest of literary treats.
Mr. George Christie was a Crow's
Nest visitor on Sunday.
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♦♦♦♦■»-»»-» ♦*>♦♦■*&♦♦»'»
Mrs. J. Musgrove was the guest of
honor at a party and dance given by
the ladies of Hosmer in the mess
•house on Friday evening last. During the course of the evening Mrs.
Brownrigg, on behalf ,of the lady
friends ancl acquaintances of Mrs.
Musgrove, who is leaving Hosmer
shortly, presented her with a beautiful gold pendant set with emeralds
and pearls as a token of their regard
and^esteen. Mrs. Musgrove, in a neat
little speech feelingly given, thanked
one and all for their kindness, saying
she would cherish their gift as ono of
her most sacred possessions. A very
pleasant and enjoyable iunction closing with the singing of "Auld Lang
Why all this talk about costing so
much for miners* papers in Hosmer?
If you have the goods, come through
with them. Talk Is-only talk. Put
up or shut up.
Hosmer Juniors played Fernie Juniors a game in the Liphardt cup competition on Saturday last, a good
game resulting in a draw of 1 each. A
goodly number of Pernio juveniles accompanied their pets and were right
after the referee's hide. "Oh you ref-
ere'e!" That's what Michel said, isn't
_it._AndK.7_ • ——— —
Hosmer Seniors journeyed to Blairmore to fulfil their ■ league engagement and although handicapped by
having players on the injured list
found Blairmore so much pie and ran
out easy winners by 5-2, which score
could havp been doubled with a little exertion, (Blairmore Is taking Hos-
mer's place in the smoke, smoke,
Tho Juniors play Michel at Hosmer Saturday, July ' 2G. Come and
boost.   Kick-off at 0.45.
The musical social given by tho ladies of the Presbyterian church in tho
grounds of tho school houso on Wednesday evening was n decided success
from overy standpoint, everyone present saomlng to enjoy themselves immensely, Ico cream and refreshments
were sold In aid of tho church funds
,nnd tho woathor being favorable, a
good business waB dono. Tho following ladles and gontlomon nlso contributed musical items Jn first class
stylo: 'Messrs. Shaw, Rico, Brooks,
Mrs. Anderson, and Miss' M. Rankin.
Tommy was right thoro on the
swings. Tho morel)Ants of Hosmor,
or at least somo of them, hnvo decided to closo tliolr storoH on Wednesday aftornooiiH. Thoy commemorated
tho first occasion by arranging n pic-
nlo and a progrnmino of sports down
at tbo Berry patch, A fair crowd was
lu nttondanco and report having n
good tlmo but tho Judges wore away
off In tliolr decision' re groasy pig,
A number of enquiries are being
mndo :\s to whonr a cortnln grama-
Phono raffle Is coming off, Anyono
any Idon?
Any lingering doubts that, existed
In the minds nf mrtnln TTn*imor'tcn a-.
to why Jlr, Jay hnd resigned his Job
as principal of IIoHiner school should
bo dispelled by his loiter In last
woolt's Issuo of tho Lodger,
Mr. nnd Mrs. J, Cnrrutliers arrived
hack from tho const on Sunday morning InHt nftor two weeks' vacation and
report hrivlng enjoyed themselves Immensely, .,
A Inrgo number-of promlnont ITos-
mor sporting guys took In the Wolsh-
Murphy fight At' Fernlo on TuoBdny.
Mr. Cox nn n romilt Is a grontor booster than ever for Freddy nnd has boon
explaining how It's dono ovor slnco.
It wna vmlfo a disappointment to
bo dono out of our usunl pny dny wedding nnd dnnco, Thoso had bocomo
lo bo looked upon ns nn ofilabllshod
J. D. Mihalcik was noting neutral
BcrnUnoer nt Fornlo for tho district,
election. '" n , •*
t'tutytttvi pi<4}4 .ii'vtuii at Mlchol pnt-
nrdny, After tho saiiw, wu e-vj^a l*i
hnvo loft two or throe tennis behind
us In tho league tnhlo.
Fellow workers, do yon ovor think
of our slogan "United wo stnnd, divided wo full"? Whnf nre yn** ■?•*■<«?
la tho mutter? Wa time a big tumble wn« taken if you cxpoct to get
results.-.    '■*■ i
Polling for the election of District
Vice Protfdorit and Secretary took
place on Tuesday. Not a groat deal
of Interest Boemed in ho taken In it
nnd ouly a small vote was polled. The
following are tho figures for Ummrr:
Vice President--Ornham, *M\", Elmer,
81; HaVrles, Ifl; Wheatley, 11: tlvott,
H; Scrnw, \*. For Secretary—Prance,
U; Carter, 82; Uyalop, 28: '"'Brown, 18,
T,aat Snnday'il mooting of tbo local
*'«* well Attended. Keep thn good
wariV &.hvz.   ff yuu ilou't Uku *u In
terest in your own affairs no one else
The following will represent Hosmer at Michel on Saturday: A. Adamson, goal; B. Oakley'and Evans,
backs; H. Rice, Andrew Adamson and
Bateman, halves; F. Bain, H. Adamson, Balderstone, Myers and Batter-
son, forwards; Murray, reserve.
This was omitted by an oversight
last week: The stork paid a visit to
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Sloggett on
Tuesday, the Sth, with a little son.
Motber and son both doing well.
Evidently Hosmer Local is considered an easy mark. Sure, send in the
'bills; we'll foot them whether they
are ours or not.
♦ ♦
At the inquest of the brothers Peter
and Steve Ondrus, a verdict of accidentally killed was rendered uy the
jury, the cause of the cave being an
excessive bump which swung out the
timbers on the rib of the counter
gangway, burying the men with coal.
The funeral -was well attended, fully
throe hundred people being present,
accompanied by the Bankhead brass
band. Father Hermis ancl Father Syi-
la officiated at the graveside, the
brothers being members of the Reman Catholic faith. Frank Wheatley
delivered the funeral address of the
United Mine Workers. Steve leaves
a wife, having been married only five
„The article published by the Cal-"
gary Herald relative to thc powder
placed in a shot hole prior to the fire
boss coming into a miner's place, is
characteristic of the distorted ideas
that most correspondents to capitalist
newspapers1 have of .the conditions
that the miner is working under. This
miner had trouble ■ with an official
previously over the amount of powder
to be placed in the hole to bring down
the coal, and as no miner who works
on a contract, and has* to pay for powder, cares to have his powder used
with poor results, he has to resort to
dishonesty'to methods to be honest to
himself. Therefore, he is tempted to
place a stick of powder in the hole
before the fire boss comes around, as
this poor fellow did, with the result
he was found.out and was fined $15,
but to the credit of the magistrate be
it said that he asked "How mufh do
you earn at this work?" and the^miner
showed his statement for that place,
he having been__dismjs5.sd__and--had-
(Irawh his time and had,. 52.77 per
shift. This fact, no doubt, made for
leniency, -but the newspapers do not
tell us that this man had grown grey
in the mines, was an excellent timber-
man, good rock miner, and an experienced coal miner, yet had no voice in
tha use of powder which he had to
pay for, and must stand before a tribunal of well educated and well dressed officials, an object of pity, with
patched clothes, and In a bewildering
way trying to defend himself for trying to earn more than $2.77 per shift.
If the magistrate had been trying tno
contract system, methinks he would
!:,""o sentenced It for life.
We publish roport from Calgnry Herald herewith, and whilo we sympathise
with the miner we cannot help but
.think his conduct wns likely to cause
disastrous results to his follow workors,
BANFF, Alta., July 20.—"Much Indignation wns felt in Bnnkhoad whon a
numbor of minors dlscovorod In tho
coal In which they woro using thoir
picks and shovels, a numbor of sticks
of powder. Investigation by Mino
Manager Wntters brought out tlio information tlmt nn Italian miner named Xnsrerene had decided that tho
amount of oxploslvo ordered by tho
fire boss was not sufficient so ho had
loft tho holeo partly filled, intending
to put moro in next day.
Information was laid by Manager
Wntters under tho Albertn Coal Mines
aci, and lm was fined flftnnu dolhiw
and costs by Magistrate Wilson hut
(•veiling, bosldos being illsclmrgoil
from the employ of tlie Bankheiui
company. Tho only reason thnt mi
i-xploHhui did not roHiilt from his criminal carolesBiicsfl Is that ho wnn not
using the high grade powder but bad
been provided with a kind that Is not
so highly oxploslvo.—Cnlgary Tloriild,
The mines woro Idlo on pny dny o\v-|
Ing to a breakage ot tho main shaft, of I
the tipple mnclilnery.
„Tlio football team havo forfeited
tho game to 13xshaw, which moans
thoy must do nomo hard training to
bring the shield to Jlnnkhcad (his Benson.
Tho funnral of tbe lufnnt child of
Mnrlo Trono took place on tho 20th,
Wo extend our sympathy to tho fnm-
Tho Uflunl pny dny Invnslon of pod-
Inrs, mnl ostnto shnrlts, otc., wnn
ngnln In ovldonce. Wn hnvo somo
ronpoct for tho follow who U poddllng
clothes; you do noo whnt ho is soiling
and ho also carries a government license-ln his pockets, but tho ono
wim tno rem estate—ho lias nothing
tn nbow, nol t'i'WJ a WtiinsUjucti ttini *i
tot ef our boys know nbout It loo.
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Joo Tlnske-
vltch, July 14th, a son,
Tho woddlnff of John Gnnotn to
Margaret Mnjloreryk took plnee on
Mommy, July 21st, at tho Komnn Cnth-
ollc church, Father Sylla offlelntlng.
Tho brldo was the recipient of mnny
vnlunblo proBonts, particularly from
tbo hotel whoro uho hns worked In tho
dining room for nomo time. In tho
evening nn opon dnnco wna given In
lh« hnll.
William Lonnon, foremnn hlnck-
.'UuKti, I'tifulvml a painful injury to bis
face from a flying piece of stool,
which necessitated an operation nt
tho Brett hospital. t
Much excitement prevailed In Chinatown nn Frld»y ©vAntnfc, wh*« one
of tho Chinamen werklnjr on th« tipple wns misted.    Coal chute» wore
searched without result, and finally
his Celestial majesty turned up, having been to Banff, and if he is wise
he will steer clear of some of the boys
who were helping to find him in the
We are given to understand that
Mrs. Steve Ondrus, widow of tbe man
killed here, was sent for to the company's offices, and asked if she-would
take as settlement for her claim ?500,
and from that amount was offered up
to $1,000, but refused it. This woman
is unaccustomed to this country and
don't understand, being Slavish, but
she is entitled to $1,800, yet we have
men, "Whose heaven uplifted face,
The smile of love adorns," that can
become so debased as to obtain his
meal ticket, or "living," by trying to
rob tbe widow, and tbe fatherless, and
if secretaries of locals will warn widows, it will not doubt accomplish
♦ >*<»*,*»*4>.*fr**<**
•*■ ♦
♦ By "Observer." ♦
♦ ♦
What is the use of an individual on
foot aspiring to the hand of a lady
when his opponent owns a fine horse
and buggy. Be fair, boys. Fair play
is a jewel; woo on even terms, and
to the victor belongs the spoils,
Doctor Bell has received his first
lesson in fixing—not broken bones—a
broken part of his automobile. But
the doctor was equal to the occasiou
as he many be seen doing good lime
over the road whenever required.
We are .pleased to announce that the
dance held at the home of' Mr. and
Airs. Barnill was a great success. It
was preceeded by a nice concert, there
being quite a number of the male voice
party present, who responded well to
the chairnmns' call. The chair was
occupied toy Air." Dick Beard, who very
ably conducted the proceedings. A
hearty vote of thanks to the host and
hostess for the "go0d treatment extended by all present.
The erection\>f the new fan haying
been completed ancbin good working
order, we. now ask ourselves "What
next?" and we are-finally assured that
it is a new washhouse. A site has
been selected on the .creek side, where
the company will have an" abundant
supply of g0od, cl€an water. Being a
long felt want it will be much appre-,
ciated by the workers', and it is to be
lioped that.the coal company will rus-
-tle-this-ft'orkTufeaar .
Dick Beard left here' on Monday
night for Michel on business, and also
to see his many friends, Dick still
has a soft spot in him for his 0hl hunting grounds, but he says that in order
to eat ho must forget them.
Mrs. Thomas Taylor, from Maple
Leaf, was a visitor here to Passburg
this week, and we are .pleased to state
that Airs. Taylor has quite recovered
from her lllnesss.
Airs. Leyshon^has returned home to
Passburg after a few days visit to
friends at Coleman, and Tom feels
happy again. Tom says that baching may be all right, but none" for him.
One of tlio most up-to-date weddings
took' place at Burmis this week, the
bridegroom being John LIpnIska, and
tho lady of hts choice ono who has just
landed from tbo old country. Thoro
was no Inching of refreshments of all
kinds. The event was also celebrated
by n fine daiico In tho evening, tho
bridegroom showing his appreciation
of his many English-speaking friends
by giving them a dance to themselves,
Good luck to' you, Jobn, may you both
onjoy happy days.
The olectlon took placo horo for tho
Vico-Presldonoy and also Secretary-
Treasurer on the 2!!rd. Six candidates
were In tho flold for viro-president and
for for fiecrotary-treasurer, making It
a very Interesting election. Thero
should havo hron another aspirant Toi'
the vleo-presldi'iiey In tho person 0f
John Magdail, but. wn nro sorry to announce that In somo unaccountable
manner his acceptance was not received by Secretary Carter, thus excluding him from the running,
Tom Nnnson nnd Pnvo niiint report
fishing to bo fairly good iiS thn South
votes and Garter 50 out of a total cf
one hundred and two. J. O. Jones
got 31 votes and the remained!" was
split up among the various candidates.
A baseball game was played on Friday between Burdette and the Tabar
team for a purse of fifty dollars.. The
score was ten to five in favor of Taber.
Easy money, boys. Another game
was played today between thhe Crescents and a team supposed to be the
Lethbridge White S0x, but which was
composed of players from every team
In the town. The Lee boys wove
back in the game for Taber and the
visitors had the short end of a nine
to five score.
The Aracleod cricket club played a
friendly game with the team from ibis
t0wn today. It was a fairly good
j'.amc, but the Taber men showed up
very poorly in fielding. The fir-it
innings Taber scored G7 runs; Macleod 76. The second Innings tho
home team wero all out for thirty.
The visitors batted ou: fil for four
wickets, leaving them winners by 40
runs and six wickets.
Water is getting very high priced in
this burg. A miner who has no water
connection ran out of water a few
days ago and went to his neighbor's
house for a couple of pails. It seems
that there is a bylaw against this aud
the police summoned him, and the
water cost him nine dollars. Thats
going some for glorious Canada.
The material for the radial railway
is arriving, a car of spikes and some
rails being here. The town council has
not yet given the company right of
way through the streets. It seems
that a number of ratepayers claim
their property will depreciate in value
by the l'oad running on that particular
street. The council wants the company
to put up bonds to safeguard the town
In suits for damages. The road is expected to link up the mines'lying north
and west of town.
■ Quite a commotion has been caused
around town by the t0wn solicitor
sending notices out to every one in arrears for taxes to pay up by the 26lh
or their goods and chattels would be
seized. I wonder if they would seize
the major's.
The tax rates for the year has been
struck arid it amounts to twenty-seven
and a half mills on the dollar. Not
much considering that we have no water, no sewers, no—hush!; wo have a
gas well that cost twenty-three thousand dollars and no gas; that's worth
of the TT. AI. W. of A., left for Spokane
last week end.
Everyone in camp seemed la good
glee last week end; no doubt payday
(Continued on page 4)
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
—We carry exclusive agency—
Made of P & V Leather '
Big Bargains In Shoes for July
We cany a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :•:        Frank, Alta.
^>0<5»«4*-"«e><&~'&"0' &&<r*4>~G>&Q"0-+
Late on Wednesday evening last
week, Julius Gabrion, the man who
was 3erl0usly injured at the coal company's prop camp, succumbed to his
Injuries, ho having received a fracture of tho base of the skull. The coroner, Mr. A. C. 'Murray, held an investigation Into the cause of death, at tho
court house, on Thursday evening, tho
following being empanelled as jurymen: John Cassidy, Mm. McKeown,
Sydney Horton, Thomas Shields and
David Grundy (foreman), and a ved-
diet of "Accidental death" waa returned.
J. J. Scott, the blacksmith down new
town, who underwent a gainful operation n fow weeks ago for the purpose
of supplying skin from his person tto
bo grafted on t0 that of his child, and
did not progress quite so well as expected, took a trip to Cranbrook hospital along with tho child on Thursday
last wook, the'result -bolng that a dif-
rorontitreaUiiont was proscribed' from
which ho hopes to,benefit thereby.'Wo
wish him ii speedy recovery, nluo his
,T,)0 Lotchor, of Fernlo, wns In town
laat wook for tbo purpose, of putting
Mr. Tom 'Crabun'a now automobile In
Blinpo.   Tho trial Hpins proved sue-
Tbo pollco authorities of,.this burg
hnvo boon.very busy of Into getting at-
lor tho nioroliiintH of tho "travelling
fraternity," two ot them .being aonkod
to thn tu'no of ?1o0 ionch and twrt for
■J20 for poddlliiK without n license.
"'IiIh will help tho rovomto aonio, any-
The Store the People Own"
The transfer oi! tho Company, Io tlie new Co-Operativc Society is,,
expected to take placo in August.   No season's fjooils, shop soiled
goods, or odd lots will he held for the new'socioiy.   ALL WILL BI3
SOLD nnd if you want dollars for fiOc pieces, don't fail to visit the
■store every day.   .
Jn getting ready for stocktaking we arc turning out all goods
and there are bargains unheard of to bo picked up.
300 pairs Men's Fine Shoes, regular $'4.00, $4.25 and $4.75.   All
at $2.50
A number of Men »s Suits, ALL NKW. Going out at $5.00 to $15.00
Worth double.
All Women's, Misses' and Oliildren's Wasb Dresses now left at
Half Price.
All Uoys' Wash &uils nml lilotises at Hall' Price.
Nifty A!en's Felt Hats, all shapes and sizes, till at
Some worth $;}.no.
I'\)i'l{ at  present, having obtained  a ! wny,
nice catch hifit week end. j    MlMirlC0i nurroll. tbo local Roercln
Sorry lo report thnt thero In some- |
thing wrong with ono of Old Frank's
feathered pots. It hi thoiiiiht that ono
of tho origles linn broken a log,.malting nniputiitlon noensoary. Ilowovcr,
wo nro curious to know what the re-'
milt will be, ur tlio bird hn« (frown tv»
bo a great favorite with vIhHoi'h,
Wo nro ploanod to announce that our
old frlnnd MIIco N'lmllf Ih out nf tho
hoRpltnl and Tit no'iv at homo looking
as wolf an can bn oxpoctod nftor tho
accident that happened to him n con-
pie of wnoks ago-
Thn picnic hold by thn church here
for the benefit of tho ltlddlon was a
pronouncod huccphh. Tho prococdlims
bolng conducted by the Hev. Mr, Wit-
cboll, who must hnvo hnd quite a lively
"The Quality Store91 teessssess*
«.*.«. + * + + .»* + «.+,.»
Saturday wn«i nnv Any y *):■* ;,»«
mine, The amount of monoy puld out
wnn tho smallest for tho noanon., Tho
majority of tho miners having ^nly
eight and ton nhlft«,
The mino was Idle on Saturday, nnd
on tho supposed working day* during
thn week they -ftult about noon, which
left tho turn of cars very small.
Mr, ,Tohn«on ban returned from b!«
tomtit* in iho obi country and again
taken chargo of the mine.
Kd. Shfrmnn wa* In town on W<:iJ.
nosdfiy acting tm neutral flerutlnoer.
Wo nr« informal that tho voto hero
give* Tom lh«l* » majority for vl'o-
pro*Id#»n-», nnd A. X farter Icada '.it
secrotary-trtamiicr.    .Harriet .got 49
Groceries,"and Dry Goods
Clothing, Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
Fruit and Vegetables
"The Right Goods, The Right Pt ice, The Right Treatment
Each and Every Time
Phone 25
Victoria St.
Blairmore, Alta, PAGE SIX
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan ana
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
tho Province, of British Columbia, may
be  leased  for  a  term   of twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of U an acre.
fot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasee
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which th» rights applied for are situated. f
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divi-
elons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of ?5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating tho mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity, of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the conl minin;?
rights are not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mlsing
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary lor the working of the mine
*t tho rate of $10.00 au acre,
For full information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Oory,
Deputy Minister of the rnrerloi".
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
Advertisement  will not be cald  fnr.
In Mines
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's Drug Storo)
Phone 121
Hours:  8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawft
Alex, I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
SMoffo Cum
A "Ledger" adv. is an
(Engineer ia,.charge, Pittsburgh Experiment Station United States Bureau of Mines.
Address before the Mining Conference at Urbana, 111., May 10„ 1913.
■Mine fires are of more frequent occurence and are more destructive of
property than are explosions, and
take nearly as great a toll of life. It
is an unfortunate commentary on the
fore-sight of tbe people that some
great holocaust, as the Monongah
mine explosion or the Cherry mine
fire, is necessary to arouse a sense of
tbe dangers and cause a search for
remedies. As the Monongah, Darr and
Naomi mine disasters of 1907 brought
forth the Federal Bureau of Mines
with its resultant tests of permissible
explosives, investigations of oxplosi-
bility of coal dust, and a generally
aroused public sentiment which has
reduced the frequency of great explosions, so your own Cherry mino firo
aroused thc country to the extent of
the fire hazard in mines, and has set
in motion efforts already showing im-
portant results toward the prevention
of fires In mines and tlio protection of
mines from fires.
Fires in an anthracite mine near
Carbondale, Pa., have raged for ten
years, and still rage, with tbe resulting destruction of underground and
surface property. There has been des-
troyed"'$2.',00*J,000 worth of coal in (he
past five years in a mine fire still
burning near Summit Hill, Tn., The
mine fire at Cherry, 111., and the Pan-
coast mino fire near Scranton, Pa.,
have recently been most destructive
fo life,
Fires in mines are not, however,"
confined only to coal mines, but havo
been almost equally destructive in
metal mines. Fires have been raging
in the deep mines oi tbe Anaconda
company at Butte, Mont., among the
old timbers since 1S89, and for many
years in the Comstock vein in Nevada
thousands of feet of lumber were
burned out, with consequent caving of
roof, dislocation of metal-bearing vein
and loss of ore. A million dollars has
boen spent in fighting a metal fire at
the Homestead mine at Deadwood, S.
D„ and there has been great loss of
life in recent fires in metal mines at
Tonopah, Ne'v., and Copper Hill, Tenn.
■More shocking than all is the fact,
evidenced by the records, that' tbe
greater . number of these disastrous
fires had their origin In trivial causes. ■ -Had proper safety regulations'
been in force, proper means been at
hand for fighting fires, and reasonable practice and enforcement of the
rules boen had, these fires might have
been quickly extinguished. „ This subject of careless and preventable fires
"is-one"?e'gafding~~wlilcii I Ban not"
speak too  strongly.    Your attention
and that of all concerned in mine regulations and management, should be
fixed and held by the distinction between fire prevention, which is recommended as a slogan, and fire protection, which is vastly more expensive
in the long run, and concerns only the
abatement of the evil after fire has
been given lodgment. Fire prevention, with reasonable protection, will
go a long way towards reducing the
enormous waste in life and property
resulting from mine fires.
Those ^\,llo.are concerned in operating mines, and directing village governments in mining towns, should
adopt systems of fire inspection and
of protection, clearly separating the
agencies for fire prevention from
those of fire fighting. The careless
and pre\cntable fires, might soon become a memory of tlie past wero the
school children in mining towns, and
the minors themselves, taught, as is
done in tlio schools of Ohio, the dangers of tho careless uso of non-safety
matches, the throwing away of cigarette and lighted candle stumps, lamp-
wicks, tho danger in handling inflam-
ables, lubricants, and greasy waste;
in other words, all uncleanliness.
The first precaution towards fire
prevention is, therefore, not only
rules and regulations, but a firm and
consistent enforcement of them by
mine officials and State authorities.
So, too, a large measure of prevention
will bc furnished by proper drills to
test the conditions of preparedness.
Reviewing recent activity towards
solving tho mine fire problem we find,
first, admirable laws enacted in your
State of Illinois, March. 1910. and
June, 1911. These provide a model
statute for the guidance of othor
States, relating especially to fire-
fighting equipment ' and preventive
measures. Much in thn way of detail
yet. remains to be worked out regarding fire-proof construction. In 'May,'
1911, the powerful organization known
as tho National Fire Protection Association appointed a special committee
on mine fires, the personnel of which
includes a numbor of prominent mining engineers ad fire-protection engineers representing various portions of
tbe country. This committee presented a preliminary report in 1912,,
which outlines clearly those topics
which cnn.best bo investigated by
Stato and Federal bureaus, and those
which can best be bandied by mine
operators. The United States Bureau
of Mines issued, in 1912, a preliminary
circular concerning mine fires and
how to fight them, which was followed shortly after by a technical paper
comprising a preliminary study of
mine fires.
Meanwhile the mining industry has
not been idle.   There are^many mines
rules are posted in the mining towns,
in the office, and in the mines. Adequate water supply, reel and hose, are
provided for protection of surface
structures. There bas been great activity in the last decade in the replacement of inflammable mine buildings—especially head-houses and tipples—by steel and other non-inflammable construction. Underground, too,
in a number of cases shafts, tunnels
and main haulage ways, as well as
stables and other danger points, are
•being lined with fire-resistant construction, and reasonable care is being exercised in the handling of the
material, in preventive measures, and
in provision of fire fighting appliances.
So far papers on mine fires in technical journals, the preliminary bulletins of the Bureau of Mines, and the
bulk of the State laws, are -all concerned with fire-fighting and protection against carelessness. Little con.
sideration has been given in technical
literature to the more permanent and
effective preventive measures of fireproof construction. The second of the
recent Illinois laws—that >of June,
1911—devotes several sections to this
most important subject. It limits the
conditions under which inflammable
construction may be used in mine stables, details fire-proofing measures
necessary in and about stables, the
hay and feed storage receptacles, and
directs that hoisting shaft and air escapement shaft shall be fire-proof construction, as well as roofs, walls, and
passage ways leading from the bottom of tho hoisting shafts. This is a
long step in the right direction, but
lacks details. These are pointed out
in some measure in the last annual
report of tbe Committee on Mine
Fires of the National Firo Protection
Association. This report deals, first,
with the surface plant, which should
be capable of the same treatment ns
other surface industrial plants; it recommends , that all mine openings
should unquestionably be non-combustible and be protected, preferably, hy
automatic sprinklers: it classifies,
building materials, their conditions as
to combustibility: recommends that
no inflammables be permitted within
100 feet of mine openings; suggests
the character and amount of water
supplies; the grouping of buildings,
depending on inflammability, and
takes, up the question of special devices for preventing spread bf fires from
tho surface to underground workings.
It next takes up the mine openings
and the importance of making them
incombustible. Finally, in. underground works it suggests classification of linings, timbering, over-casts"
and stoppings, by their fire resistance.
There has been developed in recent
years a large volume of detailed information concerning methods and
costs of permanent underground con-1
struction. As long as fifty years ago
a steel shaft lining was placed in
Shireoaks colliery, England, and this
,is reported still to be in good condition. Steel props and lagging have
been in use in England, in the Norfolk^
"minFsince"T8~So. STnicturar"st"eel~setr
were  perhaps used   in   the   United
States first in 1897 by the Susquehanna Coal Company, at Nanticoke, OPa,
At an early date brick linings—as to
shaft and tunnels—were introduced in
Europe, and more recently in this
country. Still more recently concrete
and reinforced concrete linings, mine
post's, beams and timber sets have
been accepted.
Shaft lining should unquestionably
be of fire-proof construction. It may
be* of brick, of monolithic or reinforced concrete, or of structural steel
backed <by steel lagging, or reinforced
concrete slab or curtain wall, as local
conditions, availability of materials,
and cost may indicate. Numerous admirable exampl.es are available to the
designer for shafts of circular, ellepti-
cal and rectangular cross-sections.
These have been constructed in the
metal mines of Nevada, 'Montana,
Michigan and elsewhere, as well as in
coal mines from Colorado to Eastern
In like manner there are many instances throughout the country, and,
innumerable ones abroad, where the
roof and walls of the passage-ways
leading from the bottom of tho hoisting shaft and escapement shaft are of
fireproof construction. Those, like
shafts, are usually lined with brick,
reinforced concrete, or steel limber
sets supporting non-combustible lag-'
It will be a long time until wooden
timbers are displaced to any appreciable extent by those of metal or reinforced concrete; yet the endeavor
should be constantly to bring about
this substitution, not only on account
of greater protection from fire, but
also because of greater permanency
ln construction and consequent ultimate less cost.
Of all the elements in tho mino the
stable, or tho underground engine
room, should demand first attention.
I have seen several examples of excellent and cheap fire-proof construction in stables in tho coal,, mines of
Pennsylvania, and elsewhere. Old iron
pipe of small diameter furnishes excellent structural ■ material for posts
ancl partitions separating stalls. For
sanitary reasons, and the preservation of the health and efficiency of
the animals, wooden floors should be
furnished in a portion of the stalls;
but these should - be so laid in concrete as to render them slow burning, if not fire-proof. The laws of Illinois require separating a limited
number of stalls by fire-proof partitions, and require the provision of
fire-proof storage places for hay and
other inflammables. Such stables
should furnish at a minimum ultimate
expenditure the maximum of protection.
Returning to' the shaft and main
haulage way, there is a large field for
experimental work in the design and
construction of these in concrete, the
cost of which can be kept at a minimum by the use of local mine rock
and refuse. Where considerable pressure is to be resisted the best'materl-
■ als, mixed and -laid in the most approved manner, are essential.   Never-
seepage and inflammability and
where a minimum of compressive
strength will suffice. Under such cir
cumstances mine*;' rock and other
waste, sand or other fines locally
available, may greatly reduce the cost
of material;
' The, following compressive tests
were made by the engineers of the
Bureau bf Mines on large-sized cubes
of concrete made with mine, rock,
culm, ashes, sand and gravel gathered
in and about the anthracite mines of
Pennsylvania. The proportion-of ce-'
ment used was "very low, in order to
secure results on the cheapest mixture. These tests are compared with
rich concrete of furnace cinders and
the best river sand and gravel, vi£ 1
cement, 3 anthracite cinders and 6
breaker refuse, 425 pounds per square
(Continued on Page 7)
Victoria Avenue
Begs to announce he has
now opened the premises
on Victoria Ave. N. as a
First  Class  Restaurant
Everything oi   the   Best
<■« MlJH*tl «... 1
.   l1ll|U*fll^II|
' "-rH«»nK«|t14yi|
A!«ba*t3n« it easily applied.   All
you need to help
jrou ia cold water
and a flat bruih.
Alabastine   walls
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful. It will
not soften on the
wall like kalco-
miric. Because
it is a cement, it
willhardenmth ■
age, become I
part of the wall |
itself, and last _
for many
An Alabastine wall can
be re-coatod without removing the old coat.     AUbaitine
walls are the most sanitary. They
are hygenic No insect or disease j
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
want them  all  Alabastined.
Church'* Cold Water
Dropin and let us show you beau- ^
tiful samples of Alabastine work.
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make your home
charming   at  a
moderate cost.
Hardware - Furniture
theless, there are. many mines where
the essential is rather protection from
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnish your house from collar to garret •
and at bottom prices.     Call, Write,  Phone or
Wire.  -.All   orders  given   prompt attention,
-If-you-aTe-satisned=teii others"."   TT not satisfied'tell.us
To Everyone who Forwards to this Office by the 31st July 50 paid up Subscriptions
of $1.00 for the "District Ledger"
$5 Gold Piece to all who send in 30 Subscriptions.
Handsome Gold Ring for 20 Subscribers, and Gold Tie Pin (set with
Pearls) for 12 Subscribers.
i ■,,,* ■■ * * ■ , ■,     , ' ■■■" ■ ,
All You Have To Do
S iu
iicoiiiu []lv Nttiiiu mul Address, am] $1,00 hum u0 people who
desire to subscribe for 12 months for the " District Ledger"; send
in tlie Names and Cash to this Oflice, and we present you with this
handsome Watch and Fob, This is not a fake, Yon can see watch
and Fob in Liphardt's window, Jeweler, Fernie.
Just your.very own "effort—that will toll.
Everyone Eligible.—Wo want to popularize your paper.   Wo
want everyone in the Pass to purchase a Ledger and read it.
NOTE: Take care to write names and addresses vety plainly.   Send
Money Order not Cash,
Kditor, uDistrict Ledger"
Box 380, Fernie, B.C THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JULY 26,1913.
■"•-•>   ,*
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
.Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
One of the
Be s t
C. J. ECKSTORM       Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every-
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Dry Coods,'Groccri», Boots and Shoes
Gentft Furnishings
Billiard and
Pool, Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
Beware of
ISold on the
Merits of
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Por our Foreign Brothers
La stampa ruffiana al soldo dei
capitalisti si affanna a pubblicare che
lo sciopero minerarlo nel Distretto di
Vancouver Island, D. C, e ormai ter-
minato, che i lavori sono stati ripresi
su tutta la linea e che ogni vertenza
fra capitale e lavoro e stata appik-
nata. Niente di piu falso e di piu per-
Lo sciopero infierlsce ancor piu di
prima e , questi baldi minatori non
lorneranno a lavoro se non dopo che
■le compagnie si decideranno a render
loro giustizia. *
Le Angenzie di collocameuto intanto pubhlicano avvisi sui giornall av-
versi alia causa operaie, facendo rl-
ccrehe di minatori, che, diotro paga-
mento di una tassa d'ufficio dl un dol-
laro, invlano poi appunto nella zona
dove vi e scipero, cioe nolle miniere di
Cumberland, Ladysmith ed Extension.
Le campagnie, per far vedere che
non vogliono piegarsi a loro, hanno
fatto venire parecchi minatori Giap-
ponesi e Cinesi, i quali spingono i lavori come meglio possono. Disgrazia-
tamente fra questi crumiracci.infami
e maledetti vi e anche qualche Itali-
ano; ma li loro numero e esigno. Questi crumiri sono protetti e guardati a
vista da una enorme schiera di sbirri
e farabutti armati sino alia punta del
capelli, per timore die vengano mol-
lestati dagli scioperanti, i quali man-
tengono pero un contegno edificante,
ben sapendo che non e colla forza bru-
tale e colla violenza che si puo otten-
ere la rivendicazione sociale.
Le companie, per basso spirito di
vendetta, hanno persino proibito ai
loro dottori di visitare e curare gli
scioperanti ammalati -od ai membrl
delle loro famiglie, ad onta che essi
abhiano sempre pagato 50 soldi al
mese per essere assistiti in caso di
malattia. Le compagnie giuocano un
brutto giuoco: se ne accorgeranno in
un giorno non molto lontano!
Lavoratori Italian!, amici e compagni di fede, state lontani dal Vancouver Island finche vi e sciopero.
Sono ormai dieci mesi e piu che lot-
tiamo per la rivendicazione dei nos-ri
dirtti. IS volere venire a prendere i
nostri posti sarehbe un tradimonto
L dlotta e aspra, son molti gli sten-
ti, agguerrito 11 nemlco da combattero,
ma siamo fidenti in una strcpluaa
vittoria Poclii disgraziatl ed inco-sci-
enti schiavi Cinesi e Giapponesi non.
saranno quelli che impediranno a noi
scioperanti di far chinare il capo ai
protervi padroni, che vorrebbero tutlo
per se sttessi, lasciando gli altri nella
Organizzatore IJ. M. \V. A.
Adventurous   Gentleman   Now   Being
Sought for by Police for
Un-lrish Action
Help Yourselves
Cigar Store
Wholesale aud Retail,
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
In an Eastern paper the following
want-ad. appeared:   "Non-union   men
wanted to work in open shop.   Union
What are union wages?
Such wages as organized workers
have been able to secure by their united demands, and through intelligent
business management of their'unions.
This editorial  is intended for our
fellow-workers    in    those    districts
where we have not yet been able to
secure agreements  with the operators; where wages and conditions are
arbitrarily dictated "by the employers.
That such wages and conditions are
not even worse than they are. can be
readily and honestly attributed to the
fact that fully four hundred thousand
of the miners are organized; demand,
and are conceded ,the right to be represented as one of the interested 'parties in establishing   their   rates   of
■And how did we secure recognition
Certainly'not by waiting and hoping for some "Moses" to come from
afar and lead us from bondage, "Who
would be free, himself must strike the
blow." Old and hackneyed, but as
true as ever.
But those who are directly interested; those who wish for themselves
better conditions of employment;
more of the value of the product of
their arduous toil; freedom from tho
galling restraints ancl oppressions
that the employing class ever impose
on the   unorganized,   nnd   therefore
MEDICINE HAT, Alta., July 21.—
Florence Clark, a pretty girl of 16
years of age, was taken into custody
last night by the local police, at the
request of the girl's parents, who reside at Carlstadt. They asked the police here to get her before she was
married, as they suspected she would
tie the knot in this city, but they were
too late, for Florence is now the wife
of one Don O'Keefe, an Irish-American, who travelled around the country
selling trees, and incidentally the police are looking for Don now, but cannot find him.
(Continued from Page G)
helpless workers, must of themselves
show such interest in the improvement of their lot, such awakened consciousness of their duty to'themselves
and to those dependent upon them, as
to justify the efforts we stand ready
to make in their ,behalf. The pioneers of this and other organizations
sacrificed and suffered. Men still
young in years, in the now thoroughly
organized districts, can well remember the times we had to hold our
meetings in the woods, with1 pickets
out to warn us, of the approach of
spies. But we held our meetings. We
organized such numbers of us that
we soon were able to declare ourselves union men in the open; safe
enough.then, for to attempt to discriminate against the union members
would he equal to a "lockout."
And here is the lesson we would
You complain of discrimination.
Then joii^thAjyufln_in-Such_iium-»
bersTthat discrimination would be impossible.
Every man who" desires,union conditions, but does not join his union,
jeopardizes the position of his bolder
brother. Come forward! Join'jour
fellow-workers in their just contention.
Every name on the roster of.tlie
union aids to safeguard thc others;
is a potent argument in favor of recognition hy the employers; an insurance of aid, when needed, from your
fellows in the organized fields.—Editorial, U. JI. W. A. Journal.
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B, C.       Phone 34
Bred From Our
Industrial System
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Tho daily press for tho past few
weeks has contained some interesting
Rtorlos relative to the manner in which
tho "servants of tho peoplo" nro bribed and dobauccd. There has beon revealed the manner and methods hy
wliich "Dig Business" does Its work.
Tlio Htorios that havo appeared In
the dally Journals show that capitalism stops nt nothing In its conspiracy ngainut tho intorcBlH of tho poo-
pie nml In fnvor of privilege,
Not only does "Big Business" debauch and corrupt public officials, but
tho fiRontH of capital Invndo tho wine-
tunry of tho church to find iillifB to
old In tho perpetuation of tho rolgn of
robbery that ban built mansions for
tho fow nnd hovels for tho multitude.
Tho facts revealed by Mulhall, tho
pnid agent of exploiters, who has boon
a lobbyist nt tho national cnpltol for
tlio past ton years, show that mem-
ima of OongroBH nro lint a pnrt of
tho collriBBnl combination that drafth
and enacts loglHlntlon to hold tho
Kreiit. maBB of the pooplo in Uio eltnln»
of slavery, forged by tlio pirates of
finance nnd coinmorco. who know no
Justice tthat conflict*  with   profits.
Ross & Mackay hm.
Gold ls god and profit Is tho rollglon
of the Industrial tyrantB, wIioho pIIob
of wealth hnvo boon ronped from tho
mlBory, degradation, swent, blood and
tenrfl of the working clans. Whoi) In-
boring mon ln depuration resort to
weapons of violence to redress the
wrongs of unbearable conditions
press nnd pulpit, hurl thoir denunciation ngalnst tho ninlofnctorB, but anarchy ln rags any poverty, Ib hnrmloHB
compared to that anarchy robed In
broadcloth that. lmifilis at justice nnd
makes a mockery of the very fundamental principles of government.
While tho proHH of the country may
use vigorous lanfiiingc in condemnation of tlio corruption that has been
luicovorwl ut tint nuiioii'H i-npitnl, yd,
It Is doubtful if mm dully Journnl will
oxoorlntn the IkMHkIi system th.it
broods■ mllllonnlres nud tramps nnd
polnonu tho very fountain bond of n.r
tlonnl loglHlritlon. The monil iIIhoiiio
thnt pollutes n nation toman from the
poonomlo wroimn of our dehuinniil/n'l
Industrial ny-stem and the-united..power of the wronged and oppressed must
ho utilized to remove the cause that
inakcfl criminals In almost every walk
of life.—Miners' Journal.
"I Grow Hair, ! Do"
Fac-Similes of Prof, Geo. A. Garlow
List of Locals District 18
Ilea ver Creek
Bollovuo .•'■.,,
8E C, «nd P. 0. ADDRRES3
Wm. TIb/vIb,, Bonwr Crcclr, rJa riachw, AJi*.
JamoB Burke, Box 30, Bollovuo Alta.
Blalrmoro W. L. Bvane. Blalrmoro, Alta.
Bur'ili T. Q, Han-tea, Paiiburg, Alta.
Carbondale: J. Mitchell, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
Cantnorfi...  N T» «r>i «**«!?, C-sssjrc, A!U-
Coleman , W. Ora bam, Coloman, Alta.
Corbin.,, J. Jones. Corlln, B, C.
Chinook Minos  W, Tl. Hughes, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt
8178  Diamond City.,....,. J, E. Tbombll), Diamond City, Lethbridge.
Pernio , Thos. Uphill, Fornle, B, C.
Frank,..,,,. ,,., Evan Morgan, Frank, Alta.
Hosmer W. Bsldorstono, Hosmer, B. C.
Hlllcrest Jaa. (Jordon, Htltamt, Alta.
Luthbi-ldKo U  Mttore, 1731 Stith Avenue, Nf. Jjetbbrldge.
Lehbrldiie Colllorks.. Frank Darrlnghau, Coalhurst, Alta.
Maple tut........... T. O. Harries, Pasttrarg, Alta,
Mlchol.,, i K. Burr ell, Michel, BC.
Monarch Mine  Wra. Hy nd, Elcan P. O., Taber, Alta.
PiMburg..,,,...,,.,. T. 0. Harries, Passburg, Alta,    i
Royal Yiiii ,.... G*o. io iWn, Royal -OoHMirlea, Lethbridge, Alta
Tabtr................ A Patterson, Tatar, Alt*
A vast amount of time and onerey
that should bo put to hotter uso Is
wasted by Socialists In quibbling over
minor mnttoro and ofttlmes btttor
personal feeling results which cannot
hitt li rreju3!c!:i! ts i'.u ;..;'*.;.,
Why nnt eonmn mim-lvr.? with
tho big fact of capitalism as a despotic and decaying system and tho big
fact of Socialism as the system of thu
future, and dovote our time and energy to hastening tho overthrow of
cal*!unhid and rue IniuiKUration of
There are, of course, differences
among Soclollsts which ore of comw-
quence enough to engage serious
thought and careful consideration.
But for the most part the matters
ov.*r which somo members wrangle
In local meetings and In state and
muumul sttthurlnKs ara utterly in-
consequential and have no effect
upon the principles or the growth of
the movement, one way or the other.
Let  us cease   these   petty  wran-
R)!ng« thai sre worthy ouly at petty
mlrt*». (tnrf itn-mthf hof-f with, alt aur
energy upon the actual, work of •duct ting tho peoplo nnd building up our
party. Thoro ore eomrndes who nre
eau.ihlo of rendering useful acrvlee to
the party who havo fallen Into the
habit of quibbling over tho most in-
significant matter®, splitting Inlm
and floomlngly enjoying It, and In fact
searching for now hairs to split,
strangely oblivious of the waste of
their own  tlmo  and of the time of |
iii !v«!Um cutftt^M iu mt'tu'iiit* witn |
♦hpm. .
There nm not ft few floPlaUsts who
seem miserable unless they cnn find
something to (ako exception to,
something to find fault with, something to (julbble ovor. and wherever
yw«'.i %n im* <i\-:it't*i liiftMiritnori ^n their
footsteps. They are of no real good
to the party, for their waspish nature
leave* the stlnir everywhere and tho
honey nowhere.
Socialists above all others ought
to be men and women of sound common iwnae, af hUh iiuntoafe, umh* umi
sober tactics, and their highest
fhoii-eht* fiho'iM fi' tfven ta tliu »(u*!».
tion an to Jiow ihtiy run Improve limit
efficiency an propagandist* and In-
rosae ih-elr a*j**K*ty to serve th#
A !M*w(--*>.| w*teh and ehaln; |5
tu niiUl; v*i<*i'l i*W i»tui, wi a laaiMljwm**
itng. Yon fan seeiire one of these
from us—Just inve ft try,
inch; l cement and 7 anthracite culm,
•iliO pounds )>er square inch; 1 cement, 3 sand and 7 breaker refuse, I',',
pounds per square inch; 1 cement, .*.
sand and 7 mine rock, 594 pounds p«r
square inch. Compare these results
with: 1 cement, 2 sand aud 5 cinders,
1,300 pounds per square inch, and 1
cement, 2 sand and 4 gravel, 4,600
pounds per square inch.
With proper preliminary designing
it may be possible to keep in stock a
few permanent forms of molding concrete. With such forms shafts and
tunnels can be more cheaply constructed after the manner in which
concrete sewers and water supply tunnels for cities are now built. There
is -abundant published data regarding
the cost per linear foot of permanent
and non-inflammable shaft and entry
showing, in^nany cases, that iu a period of ten or fifteen years such lining
is measurably cheaper than timber
lining, which latter may have to be
renewed several times in the same
Probably no portion of a coal mine
should be so carefully constructed as
stoppings and over-casts. Here concrete has the advantage over timber,
because of the less resistance to air
currents ahd the great importance of
having them fire-proof.
With mine timbers, as with shaft
and entry linings, there are many excellent  examples  reported  in   detail
where steel and reinforced concrete
have   been   used  to replace wooden
timbers.   The.mine timber problem is
one  of the  most urgent  confronting
mine operators,    The forests of the
-United—S tates-are—rapidly-disappeffr"
ing, and the cost of timber is rapidly
increasing, until   a   point   has   been
reached for many forms of construction where, In those portions of the
country most distant from timber resources, either steel or reinforced concrete is cheaper even at the first cost.
Tn many wet mines w'oo'den timhers
have to be renewed every three years.
Steel and concrete timbers may last
indefinitely.   Wooden sets, according
to   thoir   dimensions,   may   cost,   in
place, $10 to ?S0, more or loss, though
thero are records of steel sets costing
about tho same  sum   under  similar
conditions, whereas nfter a period of
IS years tho permanent timbering will
have cost one-third or one-fourth tho
price of tho wooden sets.   Reinforced
concroto is not well adapted to mine
timbers, especially whon laid in place,
bocauso of the difficulty in  placing
forms nnd pouring, and tho slowness
In sotting and In dovoloplng maximum
roslstanco.   Such timbers have, however, been satisfactorily molded and
seasoned  in required  lengths in the
open, nnd then conveyod underground
and placed much ns aro woodon Umbers.
Stool timbers may be of many
forms: "IT" and 'T'-boam forms bolng
tho most common, There Is a record
of n mliifi In Franco whom steel props,
after having deflected by weight of
tho overburden, lmvo been pulled and
slrnlRhti'iiod out and re-used us often
ns 100 or 200 times. The fnnn of met-
nl mino pout rnopiilly adopted in Hei-
.','liini consists of old light metal pipe,
filled n portion of the wny with com-
pressed peal; on top of thai a pitching
of coal diiKt mid hrnkou wlriiie; nnd
nhnvo nil :, «hnrt wcioilfp pl'Mit;** r. The
effect Is to produco n telescoping prop
which gives gradually under the roof
There Is ovory reason to tuillelpnle
with confidence thnt tho time Ih
rapidly approaching when, duo not
only to nn avviikeiietl public sentiment demanding greater safety 'In
mines, nnd In some measure nlso ho-
eiuiNo of tho greater safety demanded
by Uio .enactment of workmen's compensation laws, hut mor(v especially
becnnnn.nf the relatively Increasing
cost of wooden timbers ns compared
with metal and concrete, and the
greater permanency of the latter, fireproof construction within our mines
will henceforth rapidly supersede the
more provnient Inflammable construction within our mines.
In Justice to the American mine operator It U but fair to point out the
fallacy of unfair comparison of fhe
more elaborate and permanent mine
I'tfXMiriH-.fau   Aihiiiitxi   lu   ^'cifopean
countries with Hie more pwlshable
nnd unsightly   wooden   construction
most prevalent In this country,    Tn
Kiiropo, and especially In Germany
snd  Frane*, mine onemtnr* nr* tit.
lowed to -combine, under reasonable
governmental regulation*. In the fit.
Ing of the price nf their product, especially coal, nt such a flctire as will
ensWo them to adopt all the more
safe devices In construction snd  In
maintenance and operation    In i>ie
I'nited Htnten. while the nrlce of near-
lv t*vt*Tv other eommortlH' ht* tit".\
raintilv in thn bi*n 1 f« nr ".*«• f«r«, t-m \
nrlce of coal nt the mine hi* hardly j
Incremfd onn! i-i-r,t per im,   1? '« ""'? :<
reasonable to ntpecr sreit  M-iffv!:- {
ht'T   |
■'■■* "■ s
I f-rt i
Bald at 20 Hestoi-ecl nt30.     Still have it at So '
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A NICE l*'Cl,L HEALTHY head of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from inUaiioTi, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES OX THK SCALP or an itchy irritation is positive proof your hair'
and scalp is in a diseased .condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the followIngPnrasticlal Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as {Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or lOxcema)
and certain to result ln absolute baldness unless cured beforo tlio germ
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Hairiness and tlie loss of hair Is absolutely   unnecessary   and   very   unbecoming.
ALL I)isi:.VSES or THE IIA Ht fade away like dew under my scientific
treatment, and I positiely liavs the only system of treatment so far
known to science that is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting new growth. Tlio hair can bo fully restored
to its natural thickness and vitality on all beads that still show fine hair
or fuzz to prove the roots arc not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city peoplo
who cannot come lo me for personal treatment (WRITE TO-DAY) for
Question blank and full particulars. Enclose .stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. Jly cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
We Are Ready to Scratch'
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. Thero
is no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you -want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
' Phone 23.
Grand Union Hotel
.   COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingmari's trade
G, A, CLAIR ;-; Proprietor
Notico In hereby given thai a Dividend ut tho ruto of Seven per cent.
(7 ) pi>r minimi upon tlio pnld-up Capital Stoclc of this Ilanlc Iiiih beon
Uonl-iired for tho three months finding tho Mat Mny, 1!M3, and tlio
aum<j will bo jmyahlo ut iU Head Offlco nnd Hnuichos on nnd nftor
Monday, Juno 2nd, lUKi. Tho Trnnnfor lJookK will bo closed from tho
17th to tlio 31nt Mny, 1913, both dnyH  iiiclimlvo.
Tlio Animal Mooting of thn ■ShiircholdcrH of tho Home Hank of Canada
will ho hold nt tlio Huail Offlco, S King Ht., WuhI, Toronto, ou Tuesday,
tho Mill,,dny of Juno, 1913, nt 12   o'clock  noon.
liy Ordor of tho Bonrd,
U(>n«rnl Manager,
Toronto, April 10th, 1913.
It Is tho Intention nt tlio nhovo Moo!Itm to milmilt for tho cqnultlora-
lion mid npprtjvnl of tlio Rhnroholdor« n ll.v-I,n\v to niitliorlzo tho incrotwe
of tho Cnpltnl Stock of tho Bank lo 115,(100,000,
Ar*     T TDUADnT
FERNIE        ::        '••
1|   THE     ■% 0*   gS»1864
22   CZ ___%   m_h W_m   MM
If you htvt to send money any whert in Canada mak«
thtt remittance by a Money Or*J.*x through thc Home
Bank. These money orders arc for sale at all Branches;
they cost only a few vcuu, *u*J lU«y pievtiU any \mm-
faility of mittabe. **■
hir>k In Mffltv m*t'fl*nrf*« nrtl
m«n<»n( a»4 fir^T**'^.**?.?!* ■mv«**
tr,hi»n tht* nrlff* **:h.?h nm- h..-. ?
foul st thft ttilta* !■» ■fiu'lt :h.it
«i?t«raHon« »r* mn nf liittf W
fie fo ilitt owners.
Htao otrici •**»
» IMKCHtt   tN
J. T. MACDONALD, Manager
VICTORIA AVI., ~> >i- FIWNIi, B. 0 .. II
High Class Neckwear
2,000 distinctly different styles in high class
Ladies' Neckwear in Lace, Silk, Satin, Velvet,
Pique, Ratine, and Cords in Black, White, Cream,
"Wisteria, Nell Rose, Gold, Irish, Alice and Bulgarian shades. All the very newest styles and cuts in
Bows, Jabotts, Robespierre Collar and Cuff Sets
ancl every imaginable style of Neckwear. "Without
exception the choicest selection of Ladies' Neckwear ever offered in Fernie.
The pieces are particularly attractive and the
quantity of each style limited.   Worth from 35c to
$6.00 each.
Sale Price  25c to $3.00
See window display.
Plain, Stripes, Checks, Plaids and Dots in fine
quality of Dress Gingham and Prints made in the
newest styles and neatly trimmed. Worth from
$1.25 to $3.50.
Week End Price  65c to $1.75
In Plain and Fancy- Bands for street wear. The
most correct hat for the present season.   They are
made with straight or curled brims and high and
low crowns.
Prices  $4.50 and $5.00
Trunks and Bags
We have unpacked a car load of Trunks, Bags,
Suitcases and Telescopes. Our stock is more
complete and prices more attractive than ever
before. See our window display it will give you
some idea of the variety and quality we carry.
Trunks—Priced for quick s ale from $3.00 each to $35.00 each
Steamer Trunks, priced from $ 4.50 to $25.00
Suit Cases, priced from  $ 1.75 to $25.00
Club Bags, all styles, priced from $ 5.50 to $35.00
Fitted Club Bags, priced from $15.00 to $50.00
Fitted Suit Cases, priced from $15.00 to $35.00
SPECIAL—Collapsible Lunch Boxes.   Special Saturday, ,35c each
See Our Window Display
These are made from material that does not
shrink or fade and are made up with collar attached.   Colors are White with Colored Stripes, Plain
Cream and Plain White.   Regular $1.25.
Value Special 75c
Special Values in all lines of Men's Summer
Underwear in both 2-piece and Combinations.
See display in Men's Department.
We wish.,to announce that on Friday and Saturday we are
giving a Free Demonstration of Stencilling in our Dry Goods
Department. Come in and let us interest you in this wonderful
New Art that is becoming so popular throughout the entire country.
We teach you Absolutely Free of Charge and extend a cordial invitation to every lady in Fernie to pay us a visit.
Remember we are here for Two Days Only.
Saturday Specials
2 in 1 Shoe Polish  3 for 25c
Gilt Edge Liquid Shoe Polish, per bottle ,. 20c
Krinkle Corn Flakes, 4 for  26c
Custard Powder, lib. tins . j». 25c
Silver Leaf Flavoring Extracts, & oz 10c
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz., 2 pa.'  15c
Spearmint Gum, 3 pa.  10c
Sherriff's Grape Juice, quts ?.... 50o ,
Crosse & Blac'kwell's Jam, 4 lb. tin '. 65c
Tuxedo Jelly Powder, 4 pa ; 25c
Armour's Shield Ham, per lb. 26c
Crosse & Blackwell's Pickles ■ *. . 35c
Heinz Pork and Beans (med. size), 2 for" '. 35c '
White Laundry Soap, 6 for " ■ 25c
Holbrook's Punch Sauce ,.. 25c
Special Bulk Tea, 3 lb.-  $1.00 .
Corn, 2 tins ' '. 3gc '
Washington Onions, 8 lb .: 25c
Glass Wash Boards 40c
Castoria, per bottle  25c
Sedlitz Powders ;:. 20c -
Allenbury's Food, No. 1 large  50c
Allenbury's Food, No. 2 large ... .''.■  90c
Allenbury's Food, No. 3 large  90c
Zambuk, per box  35c
Beecham 's Pills • 20c
Lyman's Beef, Iron and Wine  50c
Hind's Honey and Almond Cream „40c
Lyman's Talcum Powder, 2 for .....~ 35c
Abby's Salts, small size '. 25c
Enos Fruit Salts ...". , .; 75c
Imported Magnesia, 1 lb bottles 75c
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
7  I
■The local police have been busy all
this week rounding up a bunch ot
"tired ones" and giving them employment pro tem.
Mias Bella Whitehall arrived in Fernie on Wednesday   from   Lancashire
and will grace our simple 'burg, with
her presence, residing with Mrs. W.
' Winstanley lor the timo being.
' Ice creara and cool drinks have been
tho menu for most of us during the
week. Tho thermometer registered 87
in the shad-e on Thursday but there is
every prospect of heavy showers this
afternoon and cooler weather for the
week ond.
ss# t
Knox Presbyterian church.—Sunday
services, 11 a.m., 7.30 p.m. Preacher,
Rev. A. S. Martin, B. D. Evening subject, "The Choice Young Man."
Born.—Thursday, July 24, to Mr.
and Mrs, Lawrence Turner, Fernie Annex, 11 daughter. Both mother and
babe doing well,
In loving memory of, George Martin
who was killed at HillcreBt mines, July 15th, 1910,
A go.pd father and husband vanished
from  sight, but to  memory ovor
Why ls broad so dear?
And Hfo so cheaply bought?
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in siihrlivi-Rsion tn CoIp..
man nt i\.\ prices. Wc
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and      ,
Oliver Typewriter*
The "I&ls" offer their usual exceedingly entertaining programme for the
week end, the feature being Edward
August in "The Tramp Reporter."
This is a two reel newspaper story
full of tense moments and pathos.
Don't fall to see this feature. Tho
management assure us that It is one
of the best from Una company thoy
have ovor put on.
A cool houso, clean seating accommodation, two hours solid amusomont,
tho best subjects and the best hro-
Jectton—that's tho Isis.
Prof. J. R Lovering, of Mount Royal
College, Oalgary, was a visitor In the
city on Sunday and Monday. Prof.
Lovering sponks very optimistically of
tho futuro ot tho collogo of which Dr.
Kerby Is tho principal. Ho snya tho
enrolment lust yoar was 287 nnd proH-
jicctH nro bright for nn ovon larger
numbor next hobsIoii. Prof. Lovorlnfi
hopes to lnduco Homo ot thoso In
Crow's NoBt country who aro thirsty
for knowlodgo lo como to his collogo
for fl rourso of Rtudy. Tlio addrosH do-
llvorod by tho gonial profoaHor nt tho
Mothodlst church on Sunday wiih
much appreciated.
On Rtilurdny hint Win, Henry Tins-
Iny nnd MIhh Kdllh Tlioinimon woro
unltod lu matrimony nt the homo of
Mr. .IiiitioR Lloyd, Fernlo Annnx, llov.
I), M. TlioniHon officiating Mr. nnd
Mrs. Tliisloy will ronldo In Pernio.
A uuUit wotldtiig wiih Holt'iiinlzed ut
tlio home «f Mr. John Turnr-r on Wednesday, July liilrd, when John Arthur
Dnvlfw Jind KM In (llllmrt Undo wore
unltod In holy matrimony, Hov, 1). M.
TlioiiiNon official Inn.
On Monday iwi.nlns,'. July 21st, Mr,
Harry T. Anderson nnd MIhh Isnb.il
Ltilthwnlfo woro united In mnrrlngn fit
iho homo of Mr. John LolthwriltP, father of tho bride. Mr. Hiunuol Col-
plnneli  t\pt„,i   1,14  lunge*  u-inn  m'IiIIo, thn
brldo wnn «HftlKtml hy her »Istor, MIhb
Uiiiiu UiiIIiv-muU", Attur Um f.uin-
num.; which wan performed by l!*>v.
1>. M. F<frlpy, tho party of tu'only ant
down to an flnliornto h>pnmI. Thn
largo nwmhcir of beautiful nnd UBofnl
>^...n.i^i,    t-nf.iil\.i ■*    *<y    Mi/,   v-",.-)r|.T   *\iirt
lilo Is it proof of their general popularity. Tliey will mako thoir home for
tho prcBont ln Fornlo Annex,
LONDON, July 21.—Any fears tlmt
William Vonrep, the Aimtrnllnn ehni*
lengur, would loosen the stranglehold
Ernest Harry, the Thames waterman,
htm on the world** sculling championship, w-sro dissipated today, when Ihe
champion outrowofl his opponent over
the famous Putnoy-to-Mortlako course,
wluuluit aa Ua ttked by two Icuntiu.
Dusiness is built on theft, and so it
must be perpetuated by crookedness.
These many years the National Association of Manufacturers, John Klrby, Jr., president, has been the outward fighting enemy of the working
class, Its operations have been shown
over and over again In tho Socialist
press, and Its attempts to kill ail la-1
bor unions, and especially the American Federation of Labor, have been
exposed, These are things that were
known pretty widely.
Yet, It remained for the New York
World to got the goods on them, It
has beon publishing a mass of documents, Including letters and transcripts of reports, which show Col.
Martin M. JIulhall as the "chief operator" and director of tho lobbyists.
Mulhnll produces things qulto as good
as a dictngraph record, If not better,
ln proving his caso. Ho was for years
the chosen, trusted worker of the N.
A. M„ and ho has a. comploto lino ou
the work that was dono.
Somo years ngo Colonel Mulhall
was a singer ln tho choir of St, Patrick's church, Clevoland, Ohio, nut
ho gnvo up chanting tho prnlsos of
Clod to sing thoso of tho National Association of Manufacturers. In doing
tills it became nocossary for him to
advocato legislation that was hostile
to tho working clnRS, Uo ndilod to
IiIb collection of ready mon, according
to bis own stntotmont, n notablo list,
Inlcudlng McDormott, tlio labor representative from tlio StockynrdB district
of Chicago.
During tho last ten years of turmoil
nnd discussion ut Washington, working Insidiously beneath iho Riirfncn,
was this organization of which Mulhnll was ono of tlio lending spirits,
Whon It could neither buy nor Intimidate, it Ruined Its ends ill rough do-
I'entliig the obnoxious Individual, It
had organized ovon tho pngoH Into n
spy Hyntem, ho contemptible nnd ho
degraded, thnt tlio boys listened
nroiind nnd reported bnck tho prlvntn
eonvorwit Ions  of  members  of  both
It wiih n further Illustration of tlie
extent to which government by dc-
teetlves has boon used lmro In thin
Mu lh ml, bnclrod by nn orgnnlziitlon
that could command mllllow of dol-
I.,,.., t.irr,.Y,r. f**t*i***i f!--mn I1>^t nntilv-Mlnd
bllllniiH of dnllnrs of business, nnd,
wilh a bund of nklllo.1 lobbyist*! to
help him, appeared at Washington
wld-tK-vc-r anything Important was bolng illHuiiMBud, At oilier times Uo op-
erntnd whoro a strlko was on or where
.       , t 1 . tt mm  t      1       1
t!»«*  H,A'V^yU    **4*kft   Uk.-j.^.V*!-*.*(£«    *«-,*■-   Vj^*^,
the Natlonnl Association of Manufacturers, thus showed tliolr thorough understanding of polItfcB and Industry.
With them It was ns Important to In-
fluonco ft Btrlko ns It was to Influonco
tho frnmlnR of a law, Whero thoy
couM not hny n. ntttt.mmitn tn holp
them out, thoy Bought to buy a l«bor
hirttlor, nnd, If fl lnbor lender wns Tint
obtainable, they nought to got a clcr-
gymnn or somo other person who
could help thero direct "public opinion," <■ Thiiii In Danbury, Conn., when
tho tfreAt Btrlko ot tho hrtttorB wob being waged, they InfluenM the clergy.
TUertt wow »9 denominational  Unaij'
observed. With perfect' impartiality,
they "influenced" Catholics and Protestants. For political or religious
opinions, they never'cared anything
at any time, but always tbey were
willing to use these opinions for the
safeguarding of profits.
The articles in the Sunday and Monday World are a really staggering
mass of evidence of .the crookedness,
corruption, bribery, double-dealing,
sneaking insinuation and labor Influencing that have grown up in tho National Legislature. They show how
closely the capitalists of this country
follow the course of events, and how
much real money they are willing to
pay to shape laws to their own advantage.—Now York Call.
Classified Ads.--Gent a Word
FOR- SALE—50 Aylesbury ducks, 10
itaeks old, $1.25 each. Also 50 pure
bred Aylesbury Ducks, 4 months old,
weighing from 5 to 7 pounds each,
selected for breeding stock, $1.75
each. Mrs. A, Davies, Annex Extension, Fernie. 45
Left in Post Office box, bunch of
keys with chain attached. Will finder
kindly turn in at wicket.
WANTED TENDERS for renting
Barbers rooms furnished in connection
with Coal Creek Literary and Athletic
Association, membership of over 300,
State torms to W. Rd. Puckey, Secretary C. C. L. & A. A„ Coal Croek.    44
All Is In Readiness for the Most
Unique Entertainment Ever Undertaken In the Wost—All of Calgary
to be the Guests of the Retail Merchants' Association.
OALGARY, July 23,—With over 12,-
000 badges distributed by retail merchants of tho city during the .past fow
days, and with every ono of thoso
badges In the possession of residents
ot Calgary who havo expressed thoir
Intention of taking part In tho monster
picnic tb bo hold at Lowry Park this
nftornoon under tho auspices of tho
Rotall Merchants' Association of Cnlgary, tho big "got acquainted" outing
'bids fair to onllpso nny othor celebration of its kind ovor hold In Wostorn
Nvery retail htoro In tho city of Calgary will bo closed this nflomoon,
lOvcry merchant will bo at tho big picnic, nccompnntcd by his family, and
ovory elerk lu ovory storo In Cnlgary
will i\Iho bo 011 hand; whilo thousands
of cltlxoiiH, comprising tho purchasing
public of tho city, will bo tho guostH of
tlio niorchnnts for tho nftornoon.
Deputation Will Walt on Council Monday—Demands Are Very Moderate.
Will tho ntreot railway workora'
union In Lcllibrldgo bo reeognlzod by
tho municipality, or will It moot
with thn snino opponltlon horo ns In
Cnlgary, whom dotormlnod opposition
nn   llirv   tinr*   nf   Pii-nf     MpPniii/*,*"   lion
prevented this lnhor orgnnlzntlon
from gaining n foothold? Mondny
will tell the tale.
Lfthbrldge Local No, C29, Amalgamated   Association   of   Street   and
Klftotrlo Knllwny Workers, hn.B docld-
■ * , ,      ,     , 1,     .    ,,      ,,
*.*.     .....    ..V...*    v,    Wv |."g.***a**,.-U.',    *fc*a    *4**1i    li.**,1*
• ouncll meeting on Monday nftornoon
to n»k for official recognition ot tliolr
union which was organized t% fow
weeks ago by Magnus Sinclair, organizer from Toronto. Tho mon Htnto
that thoy aro not asking for higher
mum, but merely for recognition and
hotter working conditions, Tho only
wntre elmiKc thnt wlUJty nttnntM will
tie that dealing with the tlmo and ono-
half pay for all holidays. Thoy havo
received the bylawi governing «he
unions In Mcmso Jnw, Sftikntoon snd
Edmonton, and havo adoptod thorn
with ono or two minor changes,—
All kinds of Household Furniture
bought in large or small quantities,
also gonts' cast-off clothing. Secondhand Store, Victoria Avonuo North,
' FOR RENT—Four roomed Houso;
meat kitchen, clothes closet, oloctrlc
light, water, oto, Apply Wm. Barton, ngont Singers Sowing Machine
Co., City. 4G-3tp
Flvo roomod house, plastorod, price,
$1150.00, Throo hundrod cash, balanco
on torms. Apply W. Barton, ngont
Singer Sowing Machine City.
WANTED—Girl for general houso-
wxirlc.  Apply Mrs. Frod Johnson.    45
FOR' SALE-O-Holo Kitchen Rnngo
with warming closot ,ind hot wator
reservoir (cheap). Apnly Mra. Ireland, Pollatt Ave., North End.        43
FOR 8AU-:-0rand Young Wlro
Haired Fox Torrlor; puro bred, parents prlzo winnow; gamo llttlo terrier,
tacklo nnylhlng; 8 dollnrB. Frod Cicc,
Colomnn, Alta. 40
will bo paid for Information that will
load to thn nrrost and conviction of tho
porBon Hint Ib Btoallng, innlmlng and
dropping poison bnltB to destroy poultry tho property of Albort Davlon,
Fornlo Annex Extonsloii. 42
Furnished Light Housekeeping
Rooms Wanted near city. Bathroom
flat preferred; will pay up to $20
month. AVrlte fully Box 829,'Ledger.
three    to    rent;  every convenience.
Box 99, city. .    36
 = tlf.	
FOR SALE—Flve-ro^med House;
plastered and well finjshod throughout; splendid water; jsltuated ln pleas-
antest residential part of West Fernie.
Near town. For terms np'ply, S.L.,
Box 1003| City.' 4   '     3t-n.p.47
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation ln„ the Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every Convenience.—
Excellent Culslno.
J. A. CALLAIM, Prop.
Tho question Is asked, Wo j
nnswored: "Look nVound you J
nnd bqo. ■    • '
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing	
Aro you nllvo to tlio situation?   If you aro wo can show
you a placo you can mako a
big profit on.
As comparod to lator on.
Just Now, Houses   Hero   Are
Dirt Cheap,
Edwin August
**      JL JC^J»lbJLMkJL"       JfeJL**  "WJK^ J, JL*J£»
2 - Reels    Powers   Feature    2 - Reels
An absorbing nows pnpor story full of ton-so momonts. When tho "Tramp
Roportor" sacrifioos bis rotror>r to put "Tlio Old Man" with a family on bis font, it
is guaranteed to roach tho heart,
A good supporting programme of other reels
Be  sure  to watch  for  next week's  Features


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