BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-11-15

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0308928.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308928-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308928-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308928-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308928-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308928-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308928-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Verdict of Accidental Death Returned
;      - .An inquiry into the death of Con-.
■-.    -Btantlno Babbore, who was killed on
i    Nov. 3rdflast toy being run over, toy a
,- ,  runaway ash car, was held dn the For-
me Court Houso on Saturday last bc
- . :for© Coroner Wilkes, with Mr.-Louis
.Uirosella as Interpreter.     .-'■•-    ••-
.,- 7 .   ; Mike Marvo, the first witness called
-     sworn,, deposed that the accident oc
'     SW on Monday,'Nov. 3rd, .between
■ .. 7.20 and 7.30 p.m., that he was -work-
.   . ing on (the -first two .boilers and was an
.    -eye witness of the accident   Witness
'-•-   w^i that <ieceftsed- a^- Engineer
'   i,}-lRB were landing in the. middle
>-|ir of the track when he (witness) saw
■ . ■ «ar coming down the incline, and cried
-• .-.out in.warning to the'two,mieri^hut
••... realized .that the .car wa*f,-travelling
r  ... too fasf to -allow of their evading it
..-     At «hls'.point other-witnesses were
\ ..ordered.t© retire...   ;
/; ^Questioned as:,to exactly what,hap-
. -; period immediately after the accident
... ' .witness' said that he picked deceased
Au, and went right" u'ptc-, the office to
„_, report,- making, no examination as to
,-. • cause of-accident- Asked whether he
?i-*™ ever/known a car to break away
► -■  before, he said'thafthat had happened
,'- only the1 previous Saturday;'that the
.   , only safety,;device , was   the  drag;
. which, so far.as -he could say,".being
;     unable to watch .it the entire time, wal
, ..in good working order at the time of
„.    the accident
- -, 'L. .Sciaretti, a fireman, the next wit-
- . ness, -stated, that at the time of„the ac
>- '?1,d6"t' he wa» s«ated at the side of
;.;«» traok near the two men' Involved,
with 'his'toack to them. -He hearda
;> noise, and turning saw that they had
' ■ ¥?*? r?n *over'    Questioned', he said
7 ™f* qnf*? often wh«n the dTag hit the
/■; *****> it 'Would not perform its func
';; tion. .   ,    •
;'; %;Mr."Geo.,Barker was then.calledl He
•,' deposed that he was on the rear end
/, tf the car. Triano pulled the ,pln be
;, tore hltohing on the mule, the-car
v ■. started, and he (witness), shouted to
*--' -2/ v° to wtch on *e mule and'did
tt ^?viOesfto hold the car In, -but found
l?-;rwBk lbey°nd him.  -Witness stated
- ; that he -had personally adjusted, the
3-P,er.cent' he replied in.the" negative,
and Mr. Ct Jt Murphy, questioned on
this point, replied .that he had "taken
no levels atjthat1 place'.- Asked if he
would swear that, in his opinion, the
found' in Possession of Policeman's
, ,. Revolver-Will Lose Seat If *
A-  ■■    ' Convicted
;-VANCOUVER, B. C, Nov. lifter
tS 'w£LPIaC,e'" ?ee of the tw« Social-
£lil?7ll,er8.,n the BrItlsh Columbia
^t^nW iB l m&y walking the
£^L# Vanc™ver„ allowed temporary freedom on ?2,000 ball. Mr. Place
was arrested at the time of the Na
accident was .caused entirely" by the w?^!?*™' rIots'  A Policeman had
failure of Tria«n fn ht,rTt\:iyAt},. re   v.*** beaten up and his revolver con
failure of Triano to hitch the mule be-
iwre^?i!1I.Ille''Ule ,pln- Mr- B«*er replied that (he would. <=
'Mr. W. -S, Greenhlll, master mechanic, was the next witness. He corroborated the statement of tho last witness .thatTriano, ln Oils opinion,'was
to blame, that the track was practical-
ly level,- tha* the ropes were new, and
SEW* M ^^r;Camong
!^te Pla«> did not appear, hut
later the .revolver was found in his
room and Place was arrested." If he
^convicted his seat in the legislature
will (become forfeited. Place has declared over and over again that his
possession ot the revolver was without
^w'fcra.he;taw;"t^ Intent, that he
sufficient, to-.stop the .car JS ^AW^?^
over to the attorney-general. -
Out of the 70 men under arrest, all
?o   «^2MM?£dm,tted t0'bail «***
IU, and the latter must   stay In jail
"until the date of their trials, Nov 24
(because they are looked upon as' the
ringleaders-in the flight ,N
. "All the cases will be'^ard by a
special assizer Forty rioters who were
speedily- tried have already been sen'
tenced - to terms varying fromv three I
months to two years. ' •   ', , -
aing (back.
■' The coroner -.then .addressed those
present: "I understand that Triano Is
not present.   Does anyone here know
anything about him?" - .   .
•. Mr.  Shanks:   "I don't,   'r'did  nox
make any inquiries."
'Constable .Boafd'man:'.!'! made inquiries at Coal Creek and from oever-
al Italians, tout could obtain >no post-
tlve infomation, except that he was
on his way to the Old Country.!' -
... Louis Carosella: "Yes, he Is on his'
^Jo'New York, bound for the Old
Mr. John Shanks,- sworn., stated that
he knew .nothing, about the.accident
una) about an hour afterwaids, when
,5f *fatatoaine lnv ■ He asfced ^Barker
whether he had the drag down,- and
vFJS? ro?lied ln the affirmative, tout
he^Mr. Shanks) could find no marks
•/The coroner: "I understand that
there has been, some reflection on myself on account of my toeingjn the em-
P«>y of the ooal company, and sitting
■?£,?,alr).mpan3r cases-   x *»8 to sUte
that such'Is notjiow the case, I having
resigned .before holding-this inquest."
.; Verdict
" We have just received a phone message from Vice -President Wm. Graham', Vho. ls organizing In the Tatoer
field, that the men of the Block mino
today succeeded In. winning their caso
aad were awarded their wages* in full
and also 21 days' wages—this being to
date—as . compensation for delay in
District 18 has been very successful -in organization;work.in this part
of the country,' and have now practically every tntne.and gopher-hole signed up.   '    ■   ,_   "'-   )
It will ibe reinem-b^rea that the management of the" Block mine .took ex.
caption to its em'ploygs joining the
union, and gave' them the option of
quitting, either the .union or jthelr job;
To the chagrin of,ithe management,
the.men.ad-opted ,tfieflatter alternative, tout when thejj1 presented their
pay Cheques .were unable to, get the
"dough," hence the present action.
There are about 37 men affected.
Votes for Party  Otherwise-Labor
Men Stirred All Over Country.
LONDON, Nov. It—Ministers are
awaiting with considerable anxiety
he results of three, ending by-elec-
t ons Kelghley, Lanark and Wick. At
the Keighley "polls today the government hope to win a seat with the help
m ""thousand Irish voters to whom
1. 'P. O.Connor was sent post haste
yesterday to keep true to the coalition. If the Unionists win Lanark and
wick as they expect the ministerial
position will be really nerilous in their
greatest stronghold, Scotland-
The^iDaily Chronicle and other London   ministerial  journals  today   implores the cabinet, whioh meets today,
to put itself right with the Labor vote
by releasing Larkin.   Dally 'Ohronlcile
says "working men all over the country are Impressed by the contrast be-
tween the prosecution of Larkin and
the immunity of preachers of rebellion in Ulster and aie drawing conclusions of their own that there is one
laiw for the labor agitator and another
for privy councillors.   The Irish attorney-general said he believed Larkin to
be a wicked and dangerous criminal,'
yet the court ordered this dangerous
criminal to ,be treated as a first class
misdemant   " ,
A.F. of L. Convene
in Seattle
Will Tell Where Employment May Be
Obtained—Secretary of Labor
Discloses Plans
That deceased came'to death toy ac-
cident on Nov. 3rd last In toller house
at Ooal Creek, dying inLthe Fernie hos-
pital shortly after, admittance;'caused
toycar running-down incline and strife
ing deceased, in/ the .jbacfcrthe ^drag
failing.in;-tts-purpose.'^   •        '      S
Rewmmended thal-ajol&raiUba nlafw
va,?,'it?"'neasy: communication of the
boiler house; that stoptolock toe placed
\ cllne at tae^l^^^ iSS^t^iS^SS?60-
drag toetore the cai- started~up:the ML
JLljUt_thnl)*_Ma-tn.,,r«t~r.rt^.. u^-__^_ _ „'_
--better served -were if 12 or'IS inches
tonger.   Asked as to<..whfther. the in-
South Wales Disaster
A   thoughtful   correspondent" has
handed us.the following clipping from
fun    (ACM in *rt-\K ' *nM«k««.M     '...i. j_i_     _ _    _
«old country papers,  which serve to
-throw further light upon the terrible
•oatastroph©   at   Senghenydd,   South
Wales, Eng. ■*          "  X'   -,    ~
,,<    Tho following table'has been drawn
■up from • 9fflclal figures supplied .by
i the,colliery office:—
■'Went down pit on]Tuesday    035
/.Brought   up ''alive' immediately;
' 'after explosion.....    489
, Since brought up alive      18
f Total out alive. ..>..- ; - 507
"Of abovo didd alnce on tho way
y    or at liosipltal, '.. ...        4
; Brought up dead froin pit \ \ 54
,Bank»mam...'..'.,,;.. 1
' 'ReBOUor.. .;.■ ,'      i
Total present -death roll''!'.'.','.'.','.'   60
Not'aooountod for    •    "374
;iiT)he^0Ur,^d',n h°8PHal nroVnclud-
<ca In tho 489 (brought up
,•   Tho banskman ond tho roBouer aro
not Included in the 035 who went
' down.
/     •   Heroic Flre-Flghter Killed '
Ono of the roBcuo party, Mr. WMHnm
A « uT?omW S!ireot' Abortridwr,
I whlto fighting tho flro and engaged
with a hand extinguisher, was .btirlod
«beneath a heavy (fall. Ho vrp._ klllod
^'InstantanoouBly, a pit "prop falling
■ aoross hts neck nnd dislocating It.
'Ho loaves a widow and two children.
Brother ef Dal 8t. John
William John war a man of flno
physique.   Ho wa» a brothor of tho
nto l>nl 8t. John, tho famous WoIbIi
1 wxer, who was klllod at Halmont, ln
tho South Afrlonn war.
"aaued" Reiouer
t   It woe roportod at »ovon o'clock thia
morning that M-r. Mother,' Porth, who
wae "ga«Bod» durlnir the night, nnd
WOB     ,
H-i boon "conveyed V'tho"Xbordnro
Hall HoBpjtnl at BanRiienydd, had boon
■MllTioui1 for eome tlmo, tout wa« then
getting bettor. Mr. Flotohor -wni on-
moi in roBouo work In the mine
whon he loBt the tnouthiptafce of the
praeffor holraot, with the roault thnt
»• Inhaled eorao of the fumoi.
.JT «**fw*».»» Ahonlare Hall aro
the brothers John and William Jonoi,
who hall from North Walo*. WiHliun
wm In tho -worBe oondltlon of the bro-
thoro, and throughout tho night was
"^"•L"0' Wam ^Vwshl" and appar-
mt]_ oMlhm tor hia mothor, John, Ute
older brother, wat better and wa» atfc.
m tto brother "Pan wvt tl miv.n«M
Widow' Diet' From Grief-Eleven Or.
phant—Wtakold Dabe
i,1 'LSS,roa*l,0S Terrace, flenghonydd,
UAtdran under the ago ot 13 have
noon left futherlMiB and mothorlow.
"ft! »»«.Jnii mmR*;
their botUtm ihave pot yet been wwy
•rod.  .
. ,2* **iw**y l«t Mm. Baker ta?e
wtor could not bo kept from tho poor
woman and1 tito »hork haa proven too
*l28.l.torA,r iB h*r "w«*'« ****•-
warty this momlnir ahe mmhA nmv
and hw eloven llttlo mltta are now
lea to tbe mercy or tho wwld.
1,000  Dependent*—300 Breadwinners
,      Dead and Mfeefno
A meetlnir waa held ycaterday for
Ht« purpoao of formlni a commlttw to
8ic#)t<«ln wpoeincaliy the number.
*«rwr nm. rtjrwm«t.tncca of tlm* wl«,
tell? ho d-Mtlftrto.
' Mt to work, aad by 5 o'clock they had
canvassed tihe whole of the street! In
^nfon?^ Se5Shenydd: This showed
that 30o breadwinners-are either dead
or entombed, which, inlWie event of
the worst happening, will involve 204
■stS8innM39° <lUWren belnS left-de-
fhl ™?.e llttle, street, Caerphilly .Road
the returns show a death roll of 31
in five cottages In another street 13
havo gone, of whom five claimed the
2SS? f*le w«.1 ffo from an Individual
house five coffins. X
Eighteen Orphans in Three Cottagea
Another roturn show*  that S
teen orphans are left in three oottageo
within'a space of thirty, wds, «£m
of whom are ln two adjoining bonm
Jnhvle^two w'Jd0W8 «nd «Mh Sit
uiwor 12, and thoro are a number of
widows left with threo oi toSTftuS
children to .provide for.'        '
Poor Helping, the Poor
Polloo Sergt. Richard -Walters, Sen*
S*onydd, has received a letter from a
ffirfl   *,f0, at   «f«*»ley  mS&J
nny u tie girl botwoon tho ago of eight
JS5S5 ,n th0 dlflnater.'> "Wo cnn under-
Btand Bomowliat how dosolato aomo of
fe R00!; c,l,,<Iron Mo>" fl,ates the
;„ier't a',(* w» would try and bo ronl
pnrontB to tho child."
Tho sorgonnt nlso rocolved n lottor
-coin. „|„K „ eh0^ for £l frm JT
SSw 5; IS im *,vc,Lt0 th° woman or
S™.M0r cJxMrm «*om tho eorgoant
considered moRt in nood of rollof
rth^JISr1???1 lms 'ocommondod tho
aor Torrnce, whoae hurtinnd and eon.
opon, aro in tho mine.
•VANCOUVER, Nov. ll.-Intense en-
thustosm' prevailed at the mass meeting of workers^ in Dominion .Hall last
evening when the sentences passed on
the Ladysmith.mlners came in for, severe criticism. They were denounced
as -being.brutally severe and a petition
■was drawn up to be'forwarded to the
minister of justice, at, Ottawa, asking
for a-,.remission of all the, jail terms.
Representatives of every shade of labor opinion-and thought/from the old
time trade unionist tn ths Sm^i- fn,TV.
Socialist land the ISA?,, \V„ .sat together
on the platform and ail, in turn, made
It evident .by.their words that they'had
,or Q% 'S9°i6nt, 'but'oae-end in^view,-
the-release of "the miners and the
strong condemnation of the actions of
the government and the court, which
condemned them.
Judge Howay, of New Westminster,
whose name was "greeted with Joud
and prolonged hissing and booing,
came in for the major'.part of the condemnation of the speakers, while
Premier McBrido, as minister of
mines for the province, also had his
•share. , It was, not specially the sentences that he .passed thuUalled forth
the criticism upon Judge Howay, • so
much as the Interview he gave out at
New Westminster after his return
■from Nanaimo.' His action In giving
out this interview, -said Frank Farrington,- was unprecedented lri thc
ilils-tory of tho' judiciary in tho BrltUh
omvplre. ,
Coming to tho city where 130 of
tho miners were yot to be trie* and
from whoso citizens the jurors to' try
tho cases wero to (bo selected, Judgo
Howay, through, a noWspapor, gave
out tho statement, which' amounted
briefly to soylng that tho minors woro
Inhuman fiends. His notion, tho speaker mid, could not be construed as being caused by ono of two things. Elth-
or tho Judgo folt tho sentence ho had
imposed on tho mlnorB to bo rank, In*
justice, which would redound to dilo
detriment, unless public sentiment
woro deceived on tho matter, or ho
had an oyll doslro to visit on tho men,
who 'wero yot untried, sontonce tn tho
same degree as thoso ho blmsolf had
imipoBod on thc others. ,.
Suoh nn action on tho" part of n
mom-bor of tho bonoh, Bald .Mr, Fair-
rlngton, would, unless tho community
woro completely apathetic and dead to
a solum of Jnstlfo, mark tho judge
for impeachment, Tho statement of
tho Judge, ho Insisted, wan olmply calculated to prejudice the minds of tho
pooplo of Now WflBtmlnstor njpalnst
tho minors who woro to >be .tried
thoro within tho noxt f<\w .months,
History of Troubles
Mr. Farrington also gavo at aomo
length n history of tho troubles at
The d*.?!^1!! "f^T"1 • jNwialmo. "0 «H theI origin was"tho
nofSSffiSSffW.011 th0f,0tt1, £"upe of the comment to imfowo
- (Special to the Ledger) ,\
NANAIMO, Nov. 13.—Much' excitement (prevails lri-Nanaimo and district
today.   -The arrangements'lor bond'in
connection with bail fortHe men who
have iheen granted that privilege will
be completed tomorrow afternoon.'   ,
Foster is attending at Victoria', and
will look after those jp'en' who are ln
jail there.   Deputy Minister«ACMand
has-beeinKerrfBf'la^"#~daysr en"
deavorlng to arrangoTa meeting he*
tween the, 6perator§;gjH 'the organization-with-a- view ^oii-S^titiatlons'ibelrig
opened up"for a settlement.*-
- Mr. Pettlgrew. leaves ^tomorrow for
Nicola Valley to hold protest meeting.
He, /Mr.. Kavanaugh and self attended
a meeting In South Welllngtoii'.-today,
which was moat enthusla.stlc.-r-A. J.
Carter. ,'     .     -•''',
Solidarity on the Island, : '"
•In spite of tho .efforts of the McBride government and its judiciary,
the situation on the Island ls more
favora'ble than It has been since the
com'raenccment of. tho strike over 18
months ago.
' Solidarity has been the' Keynote
right through, and today the Island
workers have been welded together
by the action of the government and
operators into a solid, class-conscious
body, determined to fight on until
Biich time as the coal operators will
admit the Justice of their demand's.'
.The stonm created amongst tho labor -men of this Provinco as a result
of the severity of the sentences inflict^
od on strikers has not been,without
Its offoct upon Acting Premier (Bowser, and thoro is not the slightest
doubt that the men who nre nt present awaiting trial will be (liberated
upon suspondod sentence.
Tho nowB thnt Seo.-Treas. Cnrter
sends today Is a further Indication of
the governmont'B recognition of the
fact that re'proBslv© measures will
nover avail. Their action has hnd ex*
nctly tho reverse effect to what thoy
oxpoctod, and far from stifling the
8oolnllBt and Labor movements has
given inn extra impetus that wob really required to awakan tho laborer to
a moro conscious knowledge of his
TO wm
Chief   Justice,   Crown   and   Defense
.    Counsel to Select Those Who
Are to be Released ,
A large number of Vancouver Island
miners who-have been charged' with
rioting  and  other , offenses   against
whom .the Crown is unable to show, a
very strong case with its depositions,
•will be released on ball next Tuesday-
by Chief Justice Hunter pending their
trials, which were origina,Hy set, for
deferred .by an . application' to bring
these cases to Vancouver on a'-change
of venue Ib successful    ,.7   .       ,,,
' Rvvas, announced in chambers Friday morning that this impartial appli-
cat on would be made because of the
belief, that a fair and Impartial trial-
cannot be had at New Westminster.
This  (belief  is   based, -on   what   Mr
Arthur Leightou, the miners' counsel,
termed a lengthy and-vindictive inter'
view given to a New Westminster .paper iby Judge Howay regarding the
fetr ke   situation   at. Nanaimo,   and
which, It is believed, has greatly nre-
Judlcod the minds of the people.
Ohlef Justice Hunter decided aftor
Hearing further argument, yesterday
afternoon that 'some of the miners
were entitled to -bail.
Mr. A. D. Taylor, tho Crown's prose-
cuter, and Messrs. Lolghton-, J, B. Bird
and Israel ItuhinQwitz, will conifer
therefore and decide which they can
classify as cases warranting ball and
upon their findings.Ohlef Justice Hun-
tor will doeldod on Tuesday which aro
to ibo released
t SEATTLE,.Nov. 12.-Secretary of
Labor William B. Wilson, addressing
the American Federation of Labor today, bitterly condemned the attitude
of the Michigan copper mining companies and warned them that a new
conception of titles to property was
in -process of formation. He declared
he would imake public not only the
wages paid to miners, the hours they
worked and the labor conditions, but
the enormous profits of the mine owners.
"And  the little bit of -confidence
*} J am soing"t0 ^ve t0 yon,", he
added, "is an advance statement of
one,of the items in that situation—
that the largest corporation engaged
in the production of copper «ti the
Michigan. district was organized in
1870'under the laws of the state of
Michigan; -that the face value of Its
capital stock is ?2.5<X),000.   The chares
are..l25 €ach- They wer« Purchased
at $12 each, so that the actual investment is ?1,250,0(H).
' "From that time until one year ago
the last fiscal report that we had; a
period of 42 years, that corporation
declared in dividends $121,000,000 and
made reinvestments out of its warnings of $25,000,000. Nearly $500,000-
00O of actual net profits In a period
of 42 years on an investment of SI -
250,000, and then not only protests
against meeting committees of thei>-
wortanem, hut they refuse to meet officers of the government in arbitration.
, "They say that the property" is their
own, that they-have the right to do
with it as they please. *. Maybe It is
but those who take that position have
a false conception, of titles to property. > „  •       1 '
The secretary said that every title
was law created and law protected and
that, deprived o'f laws, the property involved would be at the mercy of the'
first strong and cunning man .who desired it. -   -.  '   "
perfect right to do, whenever in Us
judgment it deems,it for the welfare
of society to do |t." '
■The secretary also spoke of the Indianapolis car strike and of the trouble in the Colorado coal fields
,Jj *h«recent street can trouble af
Indianapolis we offered our good ot-
hlCeLuef?.re ,th,? Btrilce commeSSed"
he said, "and had a storm of abum
heaped on m by .members of the manufacturers' association on the ground
that we were giving encouragement to
trades unionism by sending our representative in there. .Notwithstanding'
that storm of abuse, the representative went in there and when the strlko
occurred It was ultimately adjusted.
-We sent a representative' to• the
Colorado ctoal mine strike. We cot '
into that strike situation or trade dis-
pute situation before the strike bad-
occurred, but we have thiis far Jailed "
to secure an adjustment of' the dif.fi.
culty. ,We are not through with it yet
oy any means."
President   of   Dominion   Trades
Labor,, Council Makes an
,  Explanation
tJ^^J*^- 1,°-The statement
that the striking miners of Vancouver
Island have applied for a .board of :
conciliation under the Industrial Dis- -
fSSJ?^*?  sem9.  thelr  difficulties,
•with the mine operators, is denied by
™"   J. C.  Waters,  president of  the -
— ■wnv-uiaxi--created~th"ose:titles?,~lie"
continued, "not primarily for {he wel-
■faresof the man to whom. It 'conveys
U, but for the welfare of the community, Society has conceived, wheth-'
er rightfully or wrongfully, that thp
best method of promoting the welfare
of society is to convey titles to' indi-*
viduals in real .estate and personal
effects. It does that, however, not' for
the welfare of the.Individual, but for
the welfare of the great mass ot tho
people. If any individual or corporation takes the ground that tho property. Is his own, that he has a right to
do with Jt as he pleases and fails to
take,Into consideration that the title
has only been conveyed to lilm as a
trustee for"the welfare of society, thon
Dominion TYades and Labo.r"c!ounciT
who has .been looMng after the matters for the miners. ■■
Mr. .Waters said that at a confer- '
once with Hon. Wm. Crothers some
time ago, a tentative agreement was
reached, providing for the appointment of two conciliators, one to be
named iby the men, and the other by
the operators. This proposal was accepted by Mr. Frank Farrington, who'
has charge of the strike. ■      ■    ,
On .receiving the telegram of accept-
ance_ from.lMr ,_i?;i rrlngt;
.OVwu,--iu*p-^pi irBi-~
dent of the Dominion Council eays he
saw Mj. Crothers but the minister '
'had decided it would, not be advisable '
on the, score ofthe time if would tak©-
to proceed with.the appointment of
tho conciliators. The,minister also'
thought that in view of a recent decision of the Quebec court of review
that has-ruled an application'.for a
board, mado by men not in the employ
of tho company concerned, does not
come within thc meaning of the act, It
would not be rwlse to appoint a board
of conciliation,
Mr. Waters explained, 'however,
that 'tho strikers have not weakened
nnd do not propose to apply for a
board .unless they are joined in the
request by tho- othor parties to the
ft75MM?f a?d ,0"w workmen.
1;*%™' w«l'o Placod on Uio elm-
ffiS Si,a?!i 1nd MMWWW 1 notico-'
wifihTna.,WPre",V0' a*8°nM 0f
,   (i       Open Graves
ni^^!2?tery Rt P«nyfheol tho
wiien upon tthe valley. The almnlo
jwnvlce for tho doad whioh Uo S
tion Army haa Adoptod waa shortened
Voloos, broken wiUigrlouVveT^S:
•Ion to •'Itoelc of Am." a aiK
■nrev«r 1* ff^. „r/>Vvi,„ r? ,7,., 1- ■'«"»"«
wortaHty, h«!f«dom' ^«, ™
Uti >o«t AMmife, and tbe oeromony at
tho ffmvwldfliwm concluded .with the
•ubduod  flinging of "L*d,
JIT!*0 York "PPwra to have been
corrioa out under the greatest tliw-
>.*.«•*■* a..m -uttitKwa, Mid many are tho
^liSlJ*' ««»P»JL'nit vaat vfflume
SIJ^J!?, *W c*rton n»onoxMe waa
L^^Itfor !0V•Pfl, dMU,» *nd It
Z^t.V™ ^"om »"<J roionrooful-
n«m of thoeo In chargo of reecue work
that prevent^ further fatalltfea, The
ftre effectually wwnted the rommo
party ranching tho fsco.
Qovemment Court of Inquiry Urged
n^oWfong of svuipaiuy .w«r« *»^
™, ■'* i2°*,,B» of the execuUre com-
nlii^ni1'* W'0/™' deration of
•ulL rt'*!B ,a kwnJo* today with
SK.!l,8Jl*'B2d reJfftllv«* of thos* who
P*rtAed in the »«iRh*n*M and Llan-
•Hf dlw*l«j«. Mr. J, flminie fpml.
deut) and Mr. w. Jl mn**. v. »».
SSSS*^0.-"^ "Ppomted   to
wreeent the Miners' Federation at
a mt „ o,„„.w„ ,„. 4l raM1 sawjawsassraBt
V.* *■'■■«#
tho .laws of tho provinco In rognrd to
tho mlnev. Klvo oxploslona In flftoon
years hnd caused over ,100 doaths in
the wines, while bosldon those thorn
camo on an nvorajso fifteen doatlu a
yoar in Uie mtnoa,
The men, ho doelarod, wont on
•tnlke after Joining the United Min*
Worlcort in ordor to bo stronfoi* In
tliolr fight ngalnet tho mino ownera.
They kept nulot for owntha and- thon
wore attacked both *t Oumborlnnd
aud 0* Udyemlth by tbe atrlkobroalc-
em. 4Mi« police refuted to, proiecute
itho tn«n oaiMilnv the trouble and final'
"..   iu.*) b't-'niAHi,   itttiltl   V(UVO»Oti    tO ttO-
Hon, Thnn rttvrtti -Wit* nrrr?tr. Two
hundred and fifty-*!* men wero pl«e*«d
In jail, hold trom eight days to elx
weeks for preliminary bearing, when
ninety*!* woro lfboratod aa no
chawo, he aald, could be'tnanufac-
inmA wrslnst tbom f\f tht* Kti ^m-^
it-hen, only thirty-nine woro allowed
bail and «■ yet 180 remained ttlll to
be tried and were held after three
montba without ball.
More Condemnation
Other apeakon roprewmtlng the
varioua workers* orcuilsatlons in the
city. s|»lr# wffh ioolltif, afffforfffng to
their point of view, denouncing the
•entunceo passed by Judge Howay and
dwkrln* thai tbey stood solid for
the liberation ot the miners. The guilt
of the men who had pleaded rnilty
was but technical, the urged, and nol
desorvlng what tbe Judge had given,
the abioluto limit of sentence that he
could Pf* tar tha offence. At ordln*
itrp Hm«r thn nriittmr-.ti woiild liMu
been but a nominal fln«. Othc speak-
*rs chttrtoA the wwrtrefs n-tth bfling
thmmtuxhrt ta blamo for allowing, such
a Ifawwmeut to stay In pt.*tT whilo
othors ngaln nrgod tho labor mon to
rlso and drlvo tho present Rovornmont
out of power,
Tho resolutions passed woro ob fol-
"Tlint this moss meeting, hold undor
tho auspices of tho B, 0. MlnorB' Liberation Longuo, nnd Including rojvroBont-
atlvos of tho following, British Colum.
bla Federation of labor, Vnnoouvor
Trndoa nnd Lnbor Council, Unltod
Mino "Workers of America, Induatrlal
Workers of tlio World, tho Socialist
I'nrty of Canada, tho Hoolnl Democrat-
lc Party of Canada, and cltlMns of
- "ProtOBtB ngaln«t tho bnitnl sovor-
Ity of tho sentences passod ujwn tho
minors of Vancouver Island, and demands of tlio.minister of Justice or tho
Dominion of Canada that they he at
onco released, .and
, "That tho minister of Justlco bo
requested to forward nn early reply
to tho socrotnry of this league, Indl-
t'titilrtt' W11* n-ctlon tin prrtpnuo-*' tn tt-in*
"II,*. ii,l» dittUufc vuaw'tfuiii* U\o
government of Ilrltlsh Columbia for
refusing to enforce tho provisions of
the coal mines regulation act, which
refusal on tliolr party Ib rosponslblo
for all tho troublo  which  has ,oc-
tion on Vancouver Island.'!
In Supremo Court Chambers yesterday amplication was mado to Chief
Justice Hunter by counsel for tho do-
fonso for tho release on ball bf somo'
122 Vancouvor Island mon who aro
nJiTi, '^ld }l w_uaV ,|n connection
with tho strlko riots,
In making tho application Mr. Arthur Lolghton of Nannlmo stated' tliat
It was tho .purpose of the dofonse to
a»lc for a chango of venue of the cases
from New Westminster and tbat it
wis for that reason possible that they
would thon not bo heard on Novombor
21, nt which dnto thoy havo boon set
ct^e StT t^^So^^ «"*»" ' S" tlTsS^iave
All mombors of tho above lodge aro
urgently requested to attend next
Monday evening at 8 oVlock as a mat'
ter of vital Importance to members
will he d|«<ni«H<ul nnd riftchW, iMe-tn<
bers should not fall to attend, as It Is
fn the Intwaffr ot tli*. 'odffc thai a
representative gulhrrltig be present.
Wo have bf<?n r^tiost**! to an-
noimco that tho Summer's Stock Co,,
will comm-pnee tonight's and tomor*
WW's tboart .tt * 30 Inut^ad of U.4K, n«
heretofore. This Is to th* advantage
ot sll vl*? ttofrtt. »r,.| wn wmild Hkfttn
seo ovrry company cither raise .the
curtain on nwhwIiiU-il Um*» or nnnonnce
their performsnoe tor about half^av^
hour esrSler.
r*..-!?0.! .Ho Rllvo ,lB tho Principal
ronson thot vonuo would bo uskod for
wns ihocuuso of n long Interview glvon
toono of tho New Wostmliifltor pn,pors
by Judgo Ilowny, which tho lawyor
claimed, was vindictive and would
hnvo a londenoy to Inflnmo public son.
tlmont ngiulnat tlio accused,-
If tho dofonso is successful In hav-
nn tho cases vonuod thoy will bo
brought to Vancouvor as both sides
tliS1cUKI'VOa'b,° t(> ,mV° t,lom trlwl ln
Tlio application for 1mlI |» any of
if? W^Wh" "tron»o»"ly opposed/ by
-Ii's «Jyl°JV th*crow« PWHOcutor. J!o
snid .that thoro wnn no question In tho
world hat in Extension tlio act Iif C
mounting nnd burning sovon build-
in«» had ilioon committed and that tho
ltl!,,mJc,r, w!,,oh m,,,,yof th0 '^«n«
bioiv rostdonto woro commlUod for
Mai wn« punishable with n sentence
of twonty yenrs.
ivi^'f *W hl" ,ordl,h,,) mml° th«
comment that It wap a mattor of com*.
mon knowledge thnt thoro had boon a
piwt Modal uphwival on Vancouver Island nnd thnt tho placo had oxporlonc-
lw HfF of ,epror'  He *W "ot tfiink
tflBt he had a -particle of right to vio*.
ute Ihv }&n
Louis Magar was sentenced to 2ft
days, answering to two charges, one
of vagrancy and one of assault upon
a Chlnonmn. Ho got 15 days on tho
former count and 10 on the latter.
P. Connolly was handed out thirty
days for vagrancy,
TJwo mon are bolng hold on a chargo
of -breaking Into and entering a bonded C, P. R, car, They will be tried on
"Hielan" Jock and "Ruddy" Mc
Swain blow Into town this morning In
a atato of unclennllnoss commonly
compared with tliat of tho "pet coon,"
and woro promptly escorted to tho po-
Ilco station, thoro to answer a chargo
of va-grancy. Their chancea of ac
coptlng tho hospitality of tho city for
a fow days oro pretty good.
Tho abovo who will probably still bo
iN>Hh in tho minds of many of our
roadors, but as freoh developments
hnyn occurred, n brief rosumd- may
not ibo out of place horo.
About two years ngo a flro broko
out down nt Morrissey nnd smoulder*
ed for sovoral day«, doing consldor-
ablo dmnngo, (MoBsrs. CummlnRs, Korr,
Uii law mid ParqithnrHon & IToIbjoII
Hiiod tho O. p i?„ for $5,000 damages.
Irfist Docombor, Mr, Jimtlco Clomont
!?""/ Is frvor of tbo plaintiffs, but
tlio C. P, II. nppoaiod tho ciiho to tho
». O, Court of Appoals, who tinnnl-
moiiHly uphold Mr. Justice Gloniont's
finding. Tho c. P. U. then appoalwl
to tho Siipromo Court of Canada, and
Messrs. Lnwo & KUhor, coiinsol for
the Dlalntlffs, rocdvod a wlro todny
fron» Ottawa stating that thoy nl»o
hiu unanimously found In favor of tho
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ^►♦♦♦♦^
Chilrmsn of nnsrrt tn n-»-*ii with «».i»
tsnanee of Way Dltpute on
Canidlsn Pacific
OTT-A-WA. OnlTTtov. Il.-Tho ap-
pointment Is today announced by tho
minister of labor of Ohlef Justice Richard M. Meredith, of tho court of com-
won t>J«u ot Ontario, tin fJitxlrman nt
tho board established undor the Industrial nisjvutes act to dwil with n.
UUijuU* botween tho t!nnnrllan l'a<>lfl<<
Railway company and thomalntftimnco
« way employ** on Its entire system.
to tho number of about co.ow. Tin.
dlsputo In question grow* out of a
ipwpocod now Mthedule of agro.-mi-t,!
ntolited by <he empioy<j,,
™*r jmthn wcreditu u m**,: 1
by Iho mtalaler of labor in tho absence
of nny Joint renommcndntlou from n,-
other t«o members of the board. Tl..-
«»P»ny« BjMsjBee fa Iftno' Imin..,!
Tiim1 riupremo Oourt procoodlngs
woro tbo gonornl topic of conversation
last week, especially among the mln-
,0™' yjoi** *>«lng thrwi minors on thn
bill, Tom Utottln for tho attempted
murdor of Tony Umhard and vW
<«>»a, -aim, ».Tti0i Hwokoikl for stc»llri«
cara In No, rt mino. Tho penalty imposed on tho two formor was two and
R I,»W yows and on tho latter six
S-u'» Tl11" Ponnity nmy bo severe
enough for nolokotkl. and especially
Ishlng of him does not in any wny n«-
coniponiw Mlko Kokoskl for what ho
m l 'V4!0 T*V ot wokw romlng to
him- Thin should t)» tv Umh,,, u» aU
who nro tomptod to commit such
moan, contemptible thofts.
mcfftlng snd Invited President j. K
Hmlth to attend, which ho did.   Tho
t; b««in«fi was th* !mJ|tT a lh„ aKlrZ
I ment drawn up on thi* nvthortt** of
T* VT.? t.01^•,rnft(, ,n «oancctton with
the Installation of the Mwtrl*- Inmns
and payment for mm, Afu-r h^rSi
tho opinion expressed by th« Pri»sl.
take no farther steps In the meanilm*.
♦ ♦
II. L. Drown has boon tuppolntod a,
notary public for tho Provinco of D.
C. byil3ow-wo8or. Harry Is finding tho
tusk of keeping thc governmont'B pros-
tlgo up a heavy one and richly, dc
sorvoa all tho honor ohoworod upon
Tho prosldont of tho Hoard of Trado
took oxcapt'lon to our roport of tho
last -Board of Trado meeting, especially tho word "frizzled," In futuro an,
oxnet roport of tho minutes will bo
published, thereby avoiding any ruffled feathers.
Tho govornmont intend protecting
tho rlvor iWink below tho bridge whoro
In times .past high water has doiw»
considerable damage, Jeopardizing
property in this vicinity,
Tho Church of England hnvo again
Invaded Iloflmer and Intend holding
sorvlcoH regularly ovory Sunday aftor-
noon. Rov, Davlos Is tho minister In
Tho Jlt/unl of Trado hnvo ucqulrod it
strip of land from tlm Townslto Oo.
nnd Intend ostabllHliliiK nn up-tcdato
flro hall and iiuurlont for tho flromon.
it to nlso thoir Intontlon to form a
CurUng Olub amoiuwt tho momboro.
A portion of tho land will bo uswl for
a rink,
Tho writer bus boon uwkod to ro«
port moro socinl Itwns, but not having
sufficient social standing to know
whon Mrs. Kltimoodln will or will not
bo ut homo, Is nfriild ho enn't oblige.,
:Mr. and Mrs. Tom PlUpntrlok hnvo
loft, town and Intend residing In Rank-
bond In futuro.
Joe (Ionian has Buvorod his coimoc
lion with tbo Klk Lumbor Co, as su*
porlntondont, (McssrH. Umthoor and.
Prlco nro now tho "hlRhB" nt tho
A HmsMim rosldtmt of "Now York."
um- Iruauitiiii buburo ifiy Um ouiu>
ovons, wan hoavlly flnod for breaking
tho moral huwa of tho country.
H IaivcI lnclino doublo track Is now
In opuration nnd It is oxpoctod an- In-
croasod output will bi» tho rusult.
t>d n -stoppage In tbtot district Tuesday.
A dsneo, wbloh Is exiwcted to suit
tho most fastidious, will tako placo In
tho ffrpora House Thursday, tho 2r.th.
Pernio City band orchestra has been
engaged for tho occasion,
■Th« ladies of Hosmor aro replying
to tl," villi fur baskets for tho tt-o-rtul
and dnnc« In aid of tho children of
the HtrlViTM In itnronmrtnt*. f?tj*lc. A
han<l«fiir,'- prlw lias ht*t*n donnted for
ttio most bcsutlfui basket, Altoxethor
tho nffalr nH<m* »»munHl of htjlng a
grwit hihtcns. Il-nmemhor tho dato.
Nov. 2Mh.
Tho usual we<lrty mating of th<v
Ix>cal took place Tnt>«day. nnslnesH
v,iu tuuotlf uC ,v louthm nstttrw and n
ruiwri of »,*»mo would not servo any
Knotl piirpoui'.
A h"M {■»«(■» «f mcaulM ar» reported rosar.,] town and a tow ot our town*.
proplw will havn to confine thomsrlvftK
as a corwwjoetKe, * ->2-"
. .v o .
*. >.
&* ,
|S.i<   -
i j
ii -
r-v '-
fr. -'"
¥   '
lii*, -,
JJtl -;"
J   1*
fy   fr,.'*'*   ■
#*'*      '-
k ■   '
i * - *.-, ^ i, i-v. v^.. *.'A'*?'u.*v^"--*.>~^:*t-*.
\ •   y'^AX^f^X.,
■ •    -.- • v .-'■ -■ - ,-.<**. 'f .
Social versus
Private Property
. ■-:■"• . •"■   COURSE WITH I. C.
I   Peps is the name bestowed upon 1
a new scientific preparation put up I
tnto tabloid or pastille form, which I
provides an entirely new and effective treatment   for   coughs, colds
and lung and throat'.troubles.
Did' it never occur to you as
peculiar that wheu you have a
cough or a cold, or any chest
trouble, you should apply medicino
—not to your lungs, but to your
I stomach?
Look at It the other way round.
Suppose you suffered from some
stomach complaint—indigestion or
ulceration. How strange you would
think It if you were asked to take
a medicine which had to be
breathed in, and which went—not
to your stomach, but to your lungs
and breathing passages?
Pepo—this newest remedy for
coughs, colds, and lung troubles-
go to the lungs and breathing-
tubes, direct. Peps are really pino
fumes, and certain highly beneficial
medicinal extracts specially prepared by a new scientific process
and then condensed Into tabloid
form. It is like making a breathable gas solid!
You put a "Pep" on yom
tongue and let lt dissolve. As it
does so, the healing essences lt contains turn into vapor, and you
BREATHE them direct to your
lungs and air passages!
' Just as the out-door treatment
for consumption—the "breathing"
treatment—is now admitted to be
the only rational treatment, so the
"Peps" treatment for colds and
lung troubles is the only rational
home treatment.
Peps cure catarrh, coughs, bronchitis, sore throat, tightness or
aohing across the chest, difficulty
ln breathing, night cough, hoarse^
ness, asthma, laryngitis, smoker's
throat, etc. Best for children, because free from opium, morphine,
or any poison.   , ""
All druggists and stores sell
Peps at 50c. a box or 3 for $1.25.
, Cut out this article, write
across lt the name of this
paper, and mall it to Peps,
Co., Toronto, or 52 Princess Street,"
' Winnipeg, enclosing 1 cent
stamp to pay for return postage. A free trial packet of
Peps will be mailed you by
return. If you have a friend
suffering from * a cough,
By John Spargo
Socialism is -frequently defined as
"the social ownership and control of
tlie mean§ of production, distribution
and exchange."   The brief description
of the .meanings of words which we
call definitions are proverbially mis-,
leading, and this definition Is no -exception to the Tule. As wo have seen,
Socialism is much more than a movement aiming at the socialization of
the means of production;'distribution
and exchange.   It is a .philosophy of
history, a theory of social dynamics.
In so far, however, as this definition
is a rough and ready attempt to describe the general economic aim of
the Socialist movement and the Socialist   conception   of   the   economic
structuro of what they believe will be
the next stage ln the evolution of society,  it may be accepted,  provided
only  that  we  understand   the loose
sense In which the words "the means
of   production,   distribution   and   exJ
change," are used.    In certain cases
jackknlves and spades nre "means o£
production"   and   wheelbarrows   and
market baskets are "means of distribution," but Socialists do not contemplate the socialization of spades and
wheelbarrows.   If ,they obtained complete control of the government in any
State, or In the nation, it is ridiculous-to suppose that they would want
to institute the public ownership and
control ol jiickknives and market baskets.     To   avoid   captious  .criticism,
therefore, it is admitted that Social"
ism does not involve the ownership of
all means of production, distribution
and exchange. <\
If it were not that 'the qualifying
word would cause confusion to readers and hearers rather than prove enlightening and helpfult since it would
convey  no   exact   meaning   to  their
minds, it would be better to say that
Socia/lism involves  the social ownership   and   control   of   the   principal
means of production, distribution and
exchange. Many critics first set up a
straw   man   which they call "Socialism" and then  spend  their time in.
gravely knocking it down.   First they
define Socialism as the destruction of
all private .property, and then proceed
to  attack the  huge  bureaucracy of
their own creation.   They point to the
existence of hundreds of thousands of
small farms and petty industries and
demand to know if the state is going
to confiscate these and manage them
itseW.    Of course, the Socialists contemplate nothing of the kind.
It is  inconceivable that the   state
will over attempt to take away" the
artist's brushes,   the   small   farmer's
farm,    or   the   tailor's   needle   and
shears.'  These, are all means of ipro-
duotion,  it is true, but  so  are the
housewife's   sewing   machine,   frying
.pan and a hundred other articles of
daily use, the socialization, of which
■would be impossible, and too absurd
•were possible.    Tools  and  other  necessities of production which are used
■by  individual  owners  will, it is certain, never be taken away by the state.
Only tools that are so complex as to
require associated use, .industries in
Which there is division of -labor, and
ownership*of the necessary agencies
of .production by others than the pro*
ducors, will ever be socialized.    The
only  conceivable exceptions  to this
would1 bo cases in which the safety
and well being of the community necessitated such a strict supervision of
somo   individual's   product  as   would
only be possible under the stato ownership of tho necessary agents for its.
production.    The  possibility  of   any
product of individual labor being so
vital to the life of the-community and
fulfilling these conditions is, exceedingly-remote.
Clothes, for example, nre absolutely
necessary lo the inhabitant of these
latitudes, though— '
"Down in Dahomey's sunny land,
'Mlil social functions on tho sand,
A negro .maid without a skirt
May thrlvo ns brldo, or belle, or flirt."
son who did not care -to wear factory
made shoes, and same shoemaker-of
.the old school who preferred to make
shoes by hand ln\the old fashioned
way, there could be no possible objection. iThe state would have no Interest in taking away his tools.
Such instances of private production
will probably always exist, but in gen-'
eral private production   will   not  be
able to withstand the competition of
thn.machinery and subdivision of labor of factory production.   On the one
hand, the consumer ■■nail not be willing
to pay .the cost of the slower, old fashioned 'methods, and, on the other hand,
the, shoemaker   will   not  be   willing
either to earn less or to work much
harder  and  longer than  his  fellows
employed in the socialized factories.
Socialism does not Involve the absorption of countless small farms and industries by the state.   It Involves the
social ownership and control of only
such property as is socially necessary,
and of such agencies of production,
distribution and exchange as are socially operated but exploited for private gain.—The Socialists.
iMr^Landaster.came to Fernie some
eight"years,.ago, and made up his imind
to seek success,' if" possible, by the
medium'afforded by'-an I. C. S. training.      -',,''     •'"'.!_ 1    "   .
•A short time, after .talcing the complete coal mining course, he was made
a fire boss at Coal Creek. Not eatls-
•fied that (he had'derlved sufficient benefit from his first course, he decided
to start' right in on the mining engineering -course with the same institution.        ■   •        ,. A    1
•Mr. Lancaster, is a man who believes
that"* there-is no such thing as perfection in. a .certain line of knowledge,
and that each .fresh success should,
merely'serve as an incentive to further efforts. And now, after months
of ipatience and perseverance, he has
the satisfaction of having completed
his second, course.
Any man possessed of an average
amount of application and determinate   van,put in an hour or so every
By Otto B. Schott
Once upon a time, and not so darn
long ago, either, the intelligent male
voters of a' Certain City faced the fearful responsibility of having to-elect a
"Good Man" as their Mayor.
The constituents of the various can-
dates enlarged upon the good qualities, pedigrees and family - trees
("<*>me downs") of their darlings and
swore long and loudly that none better
could be found this side of the Styx.
After much deliberation, pro and con
(mostly "con") as to the qualifications
of the candidates as poker dealers, after-dinner speakers and general prom-
lsers, the enfranchised citizens marched to the polls.
When the tallying was over and the
bonfires lighted, it was found that the
Democrats had been elected by a .stupendous .majority.
" Of course,' his administration was
•rotten and the voters swore that they
would elect the Republican at the following election.
' .When they went "to the 'polls and'
-tallied up again, they'found, -as they
had sworn, that the Republican was
elected by a stupendous majority.
Of course, his ■ administration was
rotten and the voters swore that tbey
would elect" tbe Reformer at the following election, which they did.
Of course, his administration was
rotten and the voters swore that tbey,
would "elect the Democrat at the fol-**
lowing election, which 'they did.
Of course, his administration was
rotten and the voters swore-thalt they
■lawing election, which' they did.
Of course, bis administration was
rotten and the voters swore that they
would elect the Reformer at the -following election, which1 they did.
Etc., etc., etc.
Etc., etc., etc.—The> New York Call.
* ..' ^—'—. S' ^ " 7'-
.Lovers . of ' good'! plays,"' ^:'those
who can appreciate - real go^, _M^A
areyhavln.g'-.both\td' their h*Cr^ ™?'
tent this week at-thetGianCJmfJ^"
Mr. Ge-v,H; Summers, ~.aH ™^;
mate actor,-supported by a^ 1,,
ipany, have this week demoiutr-t^+"
the entire "satisfaction of ^1 Fernte
public that they have earned *w>Lh?
to be placed in the very frow rank ot
companies ^touring Jn, the. West—we
might'say In the country.   \
Last Monday, "The' H*^ " N ^
Door,',' an" English comedy,-, ^uU f h
morous incidents, but-having ■*!■+» auo.
ta of tragedy, -was, played before a
packed bouse. "The story i& of a_> ,»_
rltable old English baronet ^ ^s a
•consuming hatretf for.his 1^10.1,hnr *n
"The House next Door," a j|" „,,'"
knighted, - Eadrhas a son ^daughter, and, of course, the son ^d d *h-i
ter of each are ln love, but tu& °*,*
baronet gets apoplectic in ^g fup at
the "suggestion of^marrlag^    In the
adapted to portray the "wheedling Paddy or the despotic Boss.1 ,  -
."Little Lord Fauntleroy," that story'
so. dear to the childish heart, will be
■presented at a" matinee^on Saturday,
tor tihe (benefit of .the. ladies and chil-,
dreii. 1" pickets to the school ..children
only will be 6old7*for 15 cents.
On Saturday -night, - "The .-Spend-
thrift" will close an engagement .that
has .been a perfect orgy of good things,
and we must "congratulate Mr. Harry
D. Marrs on the most excellent ^company he has brought together, and the
good plays he has selected for the edification and amusement of a critical
but. appreciative- public,        .      *   ,
,Ta Vbobo" .,4s a ..wage-worker out" of
"captivity:'Y*V''-:"-„ • . . ;     *','''
"- ;"Aiita, Japan,' now" boasts of a ipublic;
technical school fer mining for boys.
"A'simjlar^Institution should be established, in -th-is^clty.
- 'I
"'..-' <
last act, alone, and bereft 0j al,
loud-voiced animosity, th-$  poor-
evening and .get to the root of mining
engineering, as Mr. Lancaster did, and5
not only, improve his proficiency as
an employe, but what is more Important! increase tbe size of his monthly
pay cheque.
Mr. Lancaster is now mine foreman
at No. 2 mine, Coal Creek, which position he has filled for the -past 4%
yeo;rs, and) his is only-one of thousands
of cases in which I. C. S. students
have, through the exercise of a little
of that spirit'of stick-at-it-iveness, determination, and .patience, made themselves masters of their .particular line
of business.
• There is a-local brineh right here in
Fernie, and all you bave to do is to
write, or interwiev, their local agent,
who will give you all particulars you
may require. •    ,' -'
manv in a scene that brought tho %
'to the eyes of many of his .hearers
•was forced to admit that d^anUn i^i-,,;
a Jew. and th/fact that lu> ?a?SS
born a knight,  the own^. of .,Th
House Next-Door" was stl\i a gentle-
,   On .Tuesday, "The Great; JohnQa;.
ton," a very powerful story of ^ GM_
cago stockyards, was pr-?seut^    Mr
Summers,  of  course,  don^jna^   ^
Play, but we are .filled with, udmiration
for the great acting of the rest o{ t)ie
company, - and most  part\cu]Arl    f
that of Miss Grace Whitc^er*„*, ^
Edward Tisne, who make a yery*at[
tractive couple.      X j
' On Wednesday, a stirr^ng p0ntical
play, In which labor trouble and, ,labor
unions aTe not inconspi(\uoua   "The
Boss," attracted an audiei\ce.tih'a,t was
by-no means indicative oi> the tribute
It deserved.   Mr. Summery ag .Michael
Regan, the Boss, enters toy a C0Iltract
of   marriage   with   Emily, Qriswoi(i
daughter of a rival contra*^ the ^
dltlons being tbat Rega^ gives *^jjie
Griswolds a half Interest ,jn j^ .jj^
ness.   'Emily  goes throu^ the mar,
rlage ceremony with hi^   but _tellfl
Mike that she cannot be a, wlfe ^ hjm
She keeps her contract \0 -^^ letter'
and the prettiest part ©$ the   j      ^
the 'gradual softening of nBr (jj-jiifce f^
Mike, .wliich ends in a co^plete ^^
At a recent meeting of. the Ladysmith oity council it waB stated, the
damage from the riots in connection
with the recent labor troubles had
amounted to' $1,712.45. The mayor con-,
sidered the United Mine Workers of
America responsible for the damage,
but they were not a registered organization ln the Dominion. It was decided to get a legal opinion as to "the .possibility of holding the United Mine
Workers liable, but the" opinion was
unfavorable to this course.—B. C. Mining & Engineering Record.
; "For Weak Meft; 1:
Send Name and Address Today
You Gan Have It Free and
Be Strong and Vigorous
as mercury will surely destroy the"
sense of smell and completely derange
the whole system when entering it
through Hho mupous" surfaces. Such
articles should never he used except on
prescriptions from . reputable physicians, as ,tho damas*s they will do ls
ten fold to the good you can possibly
derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure,
manufactured by F. J,' Cheney & Co.,
Toledo, O., contains no mercury, and is
taken internally, acting directly upon
the blood and mucous surfaces of tho
system.. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure
be sure you get the genuine. It is taken
internally and made in Toledo, .Ohio, by
P. J. Cheney & Co.   Testimonials free.
Sold by druggists. Price 75c per bottle.       - "--•",
Take Hall's Family Pills'for constipation.
We  have  ln  our  possession  a  prescription for nervous debility* lack of
vigor, weakened manhood, falling,memory and lame back, brought on by ex-
cesses, unnatural drains, or tho> follies
of youth, that has cured so many worn .
and-nervous  men  right  In .their own
homes—without any. additional help or
medicine—that   we   think   every   man.
who wishes to regain his manly power
and virility, quickly and quietly, should
have a copy.   So wo havo dotermined to,
send a copy of tho proscription free of ■
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed envelope to any man .who will- write us
for it.   - .     . -.,    .      •
- This prescription comes from a physician whoJias made a special study of
men, and wo are convinced It is tho-
surest-acttng combination for the cure
of deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together. -   -
We think wo owe It tp our fellow
man to snnd them a copy in confidence
so that any man anywhere who is weak
and discouraged with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure what we
believe'Is the quickest-acting restorative upbuilding. SPOT-TOUCHING rem- ■
edy ever devised, and so-cure himself at
home quietly and quickly. Just drop us
a line llko this: Interstate Remedy Co..
4907 Laick Building, Detroit, Mich., and
we will send ybu-a copy of this splendid recipe in a plain ordinary envelope
free of charge. A great many doctors
would charge »3.00 to -$5.00 for merely .
writing out^a prescription like this—
but we send it entirely^free.- ,   ->■
• Mr. Summers certainly HHs t]"6 ^j
as an Americanized IrlBbtaan and w
Ml,rich voice has that becul5aT flex.
ibllity   and,  resonance    particularly
Office Phone 89   , * P. O, Box'531
* i      -     -   '
. International   Correspondence
Office: Johnson & Falconer Blk.
Over Bleasdell's Drug Store -
j Fernie, B. C.
Only High Grade
kept in stock Satis-
Hardware Furniture
[Fernie,      B. C.
IMr HiippHwl with  tin'  1k«h|. Wince,
Liqmu'H iimi (H-aiii*
A COLDS       ^       l  X
*-* ^.
•'a *f *\.
or TAR  a
COD   MVfcR   Olt-
'Clothes, then,  aro  nocosuarles   of
life.   Iu a largo sense thoy aro socially nocessnry, but they nro pocullarly
.personal  In thoir uao,  and properly
tho rabject of prlvato proporty. Social
ownership of men's 'P-nnts nntl ladles'
shirtwaists lsout ofthe question. Per-
sonal tastes,..liyRlnnle, considerations,
nml tho fnet thnt thoy cnn ho mnnu-
fuclurod   In   nny   desired   quantltv,
miUcoB tho socialization of clothes an
absurdity.   UoiuIb uro quite ns iiccch-
siiry lo civilized mnn, socially nnd Individually, uh clothes,   Wo muHt. have
roads of some sort, and good roads nro
dcslraWo.   Hut rontls rnnnot bo multiplied Indefinitely.   T.nnd N too vnlu-
nblo and too -limited to nllow every
cltlzon to mnl-to bin own roads,   ne.
nido«.'tluit, lt would bo physically im-
ipoRRlblo to hnvo ovory citizen ma1<o
und own -private -romls lo ovory place
ho dpslrod to vIhU.   Tho Idea of any-
■bortv not ownlnn his own clotlww nnd
tho Idea of ovory body ownliiK hlfc own
mads oro equally fantastic,   .Tilst as ix
lint or a pootoot hnndknrchlof Ih ft good
illustration of private .property, footaK
Homothlnu which Ibo owner can uso
personally, mid without injury or in-
wmvpiilonco \o otliers, «o tlio public
street Is a good illuntnvUon of Roclal
ownership and control--of active So-
clnllsm.   Uoailft nro a common necessity, mum bo used In common.   Tho
humblest nnd poorest child hft« J»-»t ns
much right to uso tho -HtruoU ot a city,
nnd just as bl« a sharo In thorn, as tho
wealthiest millionaire.
flo much for Uio principles which
dlalliimilsli prlvato and social .proporty.  Now lot us turn lo tho production
• ti ,„   .,      ei*i,np,i nm ♦n,tnv fn-mwotllv
mtiiio'in mrnnt factories wliich turn out
tliousnmU—unit in  »ouw> c.uc»  mi,'-
Uoni^-of pairs ovory year.   Tho worlc-
«r« In thwK) factories -do not make nil
thoso *boM Tor themselves: thoy do
not mnko thorn for the uso of tho own-
in of tho fftctorlos.   Tho nhoo» uro
m&Ao io *u.ppiy *iih t-miiniiJi! uwuiftWu
for *hoes from tho»© wno, while they
must wear shoes, cannot mnVo them
for thomsolvos.   What Interest, thon,
havo tho ownertt of tho flhoo factories
tn tho manufacture of so many shoos?
fllmply tho d«»lr« to mako profit out
of thP social nootl.   Thoy employ so
i inuiiy workers to make shoos and pay
! them wnu#».  Then ih»y wil th« shops
tto Avho«v«r >*Uh*n** <o '"'-*>i tl.uu at a
prim greatly In excels of tho cost of
■thn mstwIalK used and tho wages paid
to tho workors who nude tlu-m.   Neither th« mftk*>r* of tho shop* nor the
buyers of the shoos have nny Intcwwt
In maintaining the t,)nxvm vhlrh n-
'ilotffJ th<'lr lnhor nml th**lr tip-Mi tor
others* profit. Thoy mlshl unite, thcro-
toro, tind fcrln* nbout thP *ocl»H*»tlon
of tha shop-mflltlng Industry.   But If
thore should to som* fastidious -tier*
II presente sciopero minaccla dl essere uno dei piu' seril e disastrosl cho
wbblano mul avuto luogo in Colorado,
tanto da nuello del num9ro dei morti
o del ferltl. Al momento che scrivla-
mo si sono gla' avutl 18 scontrl fm
scioperanti e guardle delle conning-
nlo: 11 luimoro del morti ascende a 28
o qugIIo del ferltl a 41; si sono verlfl-
call '6 assnltl personall e sono stati
dlstruttl o danneggiatl colla dinamlte
undid pontl ed alcunl fnbbrlcati. La
perdlta (11 .proprlota' o' cnlcolata in 7fi
mlln dollarl o quolln dol salarli da
.parto dol minatori scloporanti o' cal-
i-olata, lu quiiBl tro milioni dl dollar!.
Lo scloporo attualo, scopplato il 23
dnllo scorso Settembre, lia chubhIo
Kla' o coiitlnua a causnro dogll effottl
driBastrosl. 11 commerolo Infattl o'
quasi ormai parallzznto; lo Industrie
lu gruu parte son fermo o lo ultra von-
no a paflBO dl, luninca; mlRllaln dl oporal si trovano sul lastrlco ed Incalco-
lubllo o' '11 numei'o dl coloro clio sof-
fi-ono la fnmo od ogni ifonore dl stontl
o prlva'/lonl In cnusa dl quoslo sciopero, roRO Inevltnblln ilallo fffncclato at-
togglamonto dollo compnKnlo minora,
rlo cliu lmpudontcm<mto,rubavano n
man buIvu I'onoBto guadagno del loro
oporal. .       ,L, ,
La ulluazlone o' molto erltlcn, ma M
ha ranlono dl spcrnro die vorra' moi-
ta fra non molto .pnrcho' sombra ormai cho I padroni dollo mlnloro si si-
ano accortl elm ormil ultorloro ml*-
ton/a alio giusto domnndo dol nilna-
tori sia Itiiprudonto, fatalo o disastro-
sa per tnttl In nonoralo.
L'albu dalla vittoria non o* piu" Ion-
tuna! ,    t .   ,,
Ijo sciopero ha raKulunto uno studio
iicuWBBlmo: nello varlo -parti dove 1
cavallorl dolla pala o dol plccono sono
sccsl in lissza per rlvondlcaro I cnlpos-
inti loro dlrlttl, sono succosnl del gra-
vlBslml dlnordlnl ed ll »ungun o' scorso
sullo glu'.fortlll nolle produttrlcl dl rlc-
chozza od om Inoporoso o Bcono dl
fattl dnplorovoll, provoratl dnlla rtblr-
rnglla dello compagnie roinorarlo.
In vlbUi del Ri-avl avvenlmeivtl, ll
(lovornmohtoro Amnions ha Impartllo
oruim v-viiMv ««»» -*»*-»«•-.•■■■ "-•-
jn ro forfp l^vlntn In mlllrtn o II 2R
dol corrento Ottobre sono pnrtltl «Ha
volta del 8ud Colorado oltro mille sol-
d'-vtl '
Nol prendoro qupsta decision?, II
(lovornatore h» dlchlnrnto «ho ha preen mm*tn rrnvp mlsura pftr protPK(C#re
alt Interossi dell'uim e-rteu uiiru jmnp.
por tutrtaro l'ordlne e per ovltaro cho
si nbWano ii rlpetero I gmvl Incldsnil
dl QU««t» ulWmo wttlmano.
Hlguardo a quanta spedulono mill-
tare tlovft'qul rlcordare onthe lo
rlaoluto «d aecanlto, ma 11 Oovorna-
nt>lv*ro «*n*r«lo del minatori del Colorado, acapplato U '.• Novt-mbn* d<»i
190H, Fu n«*Ho »uo sciopero titnlco,
toto di uu«l■UsAuno uuu I-*.*I"' !c truppe
oho II W M»n»4»04, vak a dire (juttt-
tro muA dopo cho ora scowl*'* l« lot-
U. ovvero dopo J33 fiiornl. II Qov«r»-
atorw w* allora Itcpubbtlcano.
Lo «cloporo attnslp «' scopplato lo
SCOrSO U flfttMI-rtlT*. I wMMI •««>
nttiM InrtMl sulla aona dl qurtto idop-
ero 11 M &*i* volant" Ottobrp, riotf »*
•forn! tfopo «he em stato proelatiito.
II flovernatore attu.tlp o' Demoera*
Ai lettori le debite considerazlonl o
commentl su questo fatto slntomutico,
tanto qlu' die lo sciopero odierno non
ha ancora ragglunto certo 'rimportan-
zd dl quello del J.003-1904.
52 Trinidad, Colo., sa nam .sdol'ujo:
MlllQla u2 prlSln do oblasti.fitrajku.
Pro celj*- bnnslij- vldlek yyhlasony jo
lniniozakoiiny atav n imnuje Stuitarlum.
VJ'trJnostl nlo naprlek tonm stale tu a
tarn sa odohravaju, V Augulls^akol'-ko
banskycli hotnrov .spoloCnostl South-
oni Fuel Company .propadlo stavkarov,
ktori ale .boll v .prcalle, a doputov zali-
mill, PozdojiMo dostavlla sa Ui Ctita
millclo u odz-brojlla I hotnrov, 1 Straj-
korov. U ftaulity St. Thomas vybuslla
'bombn, alo nossnprlfilnlla Skodu. Dock-
odla apravy, So stavlmrl mull znlfiit'
iolezniemi trat' na Clarach Colorado
—Wyoming, modul Sagundo a Prlmn-
ro, imslodkoni Colio zarazena jo pre-
V Colorado tpanuje tuha zlma, Sniilm
Jo tarn vyfio kollon. Colo zastupy mu-
4ov, ilon a dotl opustlly ludlowskd
61atr>' a utckaju pred zlmou do suRod-
noj BtavkarsqoJ kolonlo, Nadovsotko
Sony u doll vol'n vytrpoly nu zlmo.'
Kompaulukl t>traink*l po col? Cub cho-
vull «a vol'ml surovo a vyzyvavo. V
Jednom ftlatro prorazlly gul'ky doputov
147 dlor.
Statny .prodsoda Amorlckoj Potior-
acto l'raco svolal na sobotit vorojnd
shromatdonlo. SUIp sa mnoho tisto robotnictva n vynlesll Jednohlasne protest tprotl pouftltlu millclo so strany
vrchnostl na zlomonlo stavky
Ad onta cho slnnsl fattl gla' pnroc<
chl tentativl ipor vonlro «d un acoo-
juudiimento, non si o* potuto ancora
ottouoro uoftsun soddlsfaconto risulta-
lo o nol Michigan conllnua od Inflerlro
10 -sciopero doKli operai Blft' Imploiratl
nollo mlnloro da rnmo dl quollo Stato.
la millziu. o kII ftblrr! dollo compaig-
nlo iprovoonno in tutto lo manlero gli
sclopemntt ma questi mantongono un
pontpeno pspmularo, nd onta la atom-
pn lalsa o buRiarda, ol soi-uo aoiio cor-
V9.»i,.»i,l, iLiA.l JJ hj rrtflt-rr die rr-l
ul nb\»andonnno tid ogni gpnuro dl dis-
ordlni per togllor loro le almpatlo del
Sotto II futile prct<;»lo del "picketing" o del fnr lh gimrdla alio mlnloro
a bvoro,;ia milisia - ftle aghorri dello
roni|ir.gni« hnnno Kla' arreatato 2R0
scloporanti, -eh*»«ono stati tradottl nol-
lo prlRioiit della Contoa Houghton, In
uttPKtit cho venga Imfoasttto ll «>roces<
so por aver chlwto. . •• • glustlaSa e
litr mnr tentato dl talvaguardaro I
i-it-.i i'1'i' ivacroaaatl dlrlttl.
U «ltua*lone •' eatremeirte «rave •
pntrcMiPd-irsl chftdaun momento all-
altro rcopplakse fluslche serio diaor*
dine, ron consegudwe funeata e lncav
<-»bbin. La lotU Inlilajta ««■*»«> gli
sfmttatorl dai jnlaatort del Michigan
n' molto iptu' grave 0Mlslmport«Bte dt
qmlio che a Drim» »!•** potrebbo «ent
brHr,-; ma que* gagllardl fl«« «!*> L»
\i9.*> *> lulu** o iwl rlttttQirann^ wn'J'J'
blsmpnto vtttortOfl'd»irMf>-f» <«n««l*
!■: uuwjIo e' I'augurlo nostra (
Drug &
Book Store
The. Festive Season is, approaching,
and with • tt  the ; demand, sfqr pre-,
sentsr \ y We are making a  special   ,
to inspect our window- and stock.
The very latest of authors will be.
found in our stock of   up-to-date ^
fiction,   ,
If you are wanting >ahy School Books or
Stationery, look over our stock,* Everything
is there for the youngsters, Scribblers,
Pencils, Erasers, Crayons, Drawing Sets,
School Books.
McLean's Drug & Book
Grand Theatre
Nov. 17
y«ars at an annual ronH.i'ofii
Hot more than *.M0 aJKLSjif1,
to one applicant,   . Nn,B wu '
\i,i.4.l     i'l
'Uti acre.
bt leaiso
by 'th.  •ppilmnt*. :in^»«« "»?{»•
..'ui. .Huil
Wt,leh ih--rl«htWppl% %• *»W|^ «.»
in surveyed tervUory th, ltnd muil ,„l
.lens of ■•olleni" ,aMr JS^-S^iSS
r»rrltory ths traetlapff,,.1!? r«5NAKflyhi
Vut mi eth«wi« Afcr8 "<>.« available,
mlnp at the rat. of ffi'I**Ji'llS"*.^*.VL*
furnlPh the Ag.rrt w if. «•'"•»• •"•.»
spp«untln» for th# ful\lSuVn?irA It «Vi!
aiisntabU cot; mln.d Vn 5«L«y»hL *?«»!
AttlWt   av*   not   ie'^""*   rn"'   m,"",
returns .liould  '
en*? a. jr»ar,
be ^.H?r.?nteA
^rnlshtrt at least
Tht* tonne will fncluiu .t,« _.«. _i«,_-
tnltted to nurehase
>»»ee may be per*
•"• '—law.
an aor**.
ef lljifa'jjj* •' «!»• "
I   JnfnfTnk||._    ...iti^i
.urfaee rliht
iMMry for "
tt tbe rete
THtmtttwtttit nt th. lt|%t5?SS,oH*«L,«
Miss Verna Felton
The Allen Players
ProBonting a repertoire ol tho vory latest comedies
and dramas
Paid For"
PRICES n 25, SO Se 75c
S«atn on sate at Suddaby'* Druar Stor«
Special Children's Matinee of "Cinderella^
| on Saturday Afternoon. Prices 26 & 60c j.»
i,w ■ Xj^iii^:
*   "u* 7 A ' '-*• '■'*"»'V;-***-1" \A" f" i
■^ >  ,.    ,--.*--. '.T'i      ^    .t V   t^ *' 2
, s-AS-Ci-i
->? , -    'o
•I      !.   "...   5-»
a? Coal
and Michel
'        ■;■    -■*-•'..I ■ -    .-V-OV
...   In setting forth" 'liis. case for the
mine' workers, .in this '.dispute, /Presi-
• dejoi J.-E. Smith;has confined himself
wholly;-.-to-.facts and -based his,, arguments upon -the- works" and decisions
.of the foremost authorities on the ooal
■mining   industry;-. t The   men   whose
.opinions he has quoted"have a knowledge'and reputation of world-wide repute and it is, to saythe least, extra-
' ordinary tliat -such authorities can be
'set aside .liy an independeuit chairman
whose ■ 'practical and technical knowledge of, coal mining can only be
(If he has any)'purely theoretical. It
■.must ho understood that we do riot
attempt to' Impugn the honesty of
Mr: Muir, -who .was appointed-by tlie
Minister of tabor,' but we <io maintain that .the men's case has hot received the consideration that lt should
liave, or would have received, had a-
' man conversant "with mining' heen
called upon to < -decide."'. Precedent
slKwed in every instance that, the 'men'
are entitled to yardage;, every authority quoted showed'that the men were
* entitled' to , this,. -but—the  chairman
, thought otherwise*,,.   '-•
,■ At the.Coal Creek and Michel Mines
ofthe CroWs Nest Pass Coal
.     °-_       Company, Limited.    ""
■ The above question has resolved Itself tato a dispute owing to the fact
that thfe above Company have refused'
-to pay. "yardage rates" upon drivages
^ -which have hitherto .been considered
to ibe entitled, to yardage rates/the
main argument of- the Company be-
ing.that the increasing of the width of
. any- such drivages eliminated the ne-
- cessity of paying yardage rates.
■ i   On-the face of it, the above argu-
.   ment .seems very -plauslhle, hut when
we consider the magnitude -of the ds-
,   flue Involved, and the far-re-aohing effects cof any decision given -upon the
above vl-argument alone, iwe lind that
ealdi. argumtent deserves tho._closest
examination-Tand," needless to state, a
thorough 'knowledge of the technology
' of 'mining is essential to this examina-
s,'       *tion.c        - '"!*■" '•   •
J The first aspect of the question to
.•be determined seems to' be?:    What
_-   OhalHie, or has hitherto heen, .consld-
■ ered as a drivage for which' yardage
"s. ^ rates should be,' or have been, paid?
'.'. ' '• \ .to all mining districts' .where -"Pil-
'   —:    lar and; Stall" system of .■woHring, or
' any of its modiacation3,ls. in, vogue,
_.--•"- ya^g|JSStes,hajft_ato,ys3Ben_paid.l
~^*XT"TlPoutth© following"..        X . .
(1)   Drivages which are, used* • for
ventilation. ipurposes. ,      ■•'"
,   -  -•   (2)   Driyages Jwhich are-us-ad for
haulage purposes.    '    "*
(3)   Drivages, which are'used for
' '       drainage purposes.". ' '•"''■
,,   (-1)   -Drivages. which are used., for
winning areas of coal.
!   .       '.„ (5) ■ Drivages, which are".used;-for
.  '   ■ ''recovering lost areaB of ooal.'
. • The second aspect of the question'
I to ibe considered, Is: "What ls a ."level"
• and .what.Its purpose?
■ In mining terminology a "level" is
I ,    ■ ,au. entry (made Into the  solid coal,
.  along tho "strike", of a .seam at .right
j-" ■       angles to the dip.   Although, strictly
j:        speaking,"It may not bo driven "level,"
it Is known as "level -couroo.'.'   It ia
accompanied by its "parallel" for the
purpose of ventilating hoth entries.
Their first .purpose Ib:   To explore,
/        "win oi- open-up," an area of the coalfield.   They are afterwards used aa
' ventilating and' haulage1 avenues for
','        the area of coal.thus "won or opened
up." Also if Required to act as,drain-
,       age avenues, thoy a>re driven at a
slightly rising gradient from tho start-
I Ing point.
•In -this coal-field, which at Coal
Creek dips 14 to 18 degrees in an east-
(       orly direction, and In Mlchol about tho
■'        -sanie "pitch" In a southerly direction,
other drivages .besides "levels" must
■ too made, Jn order to "win" tho coal.
An;"Incline" and Its parallol nro entries rondo into the solid coal, along
tho "rise" of tho soam, and servo the
same .purpose us "lovols,",
( A "slopo" and Ita parallel oro en-
tries mnilo into tho solid coal, along
J tho "dip" of the seam, and servo tho
\ > .-same luunioaos as "lovols nnd In-
A '"diagonal" or "Blunt" is an ontry
mado diagonally, that is, between "lev-
■' cl courso" ami tho "full rise," or -between "lovol courso" nntl "full dip."
Those latter, if, aa Ih usually the case,
' , thoy are outrlos mndo Into the. solid
conl, In advance of other workings,
and nccomipnnlod .by thoir parallels,
•thoy thou servo Uio same purposes as
the othor ilrlviurog named (skotoh 1),
hnl. tf, us sometimes occurs In workings nlroftdy "oponoikip," thoy aro
drlvon to fnclllbnto haulage, or ventilation, or both combined; or for drainage 'Purposes, or for the recovery of a
lost uroaof conl, thoy nro pnid the our-
ront ynrtlngo rates, In fact, ony of tlio
foregoing drlvuges, driven for any or
All tho purposes named, havo hitherto
been considered yardage places.
These drlvsgosaro usually driven a*
"narrow" as -.possible Jn order to -more
quickly -attain the object desired-, whothor it he to develop n. new area of
ooal, recover a lost urea, or for ventilation, haulage, or drninwro purposes,
' or nny or all combined. Hut tlio drlv-
Ins ot those places "narrow" Is, by no
mmm* * ""■**.■} i'*9 f.:r.," r.-j !„;.-„.«-
- able Instances can he cttod of "wMw
iug out" theso drivages, or of thorn bo-
jog driven "wide," «ltb<*)r for the purpose of double track hauUffl. sldlngi,
airwayn, or travolllnu road* for mnn
and animal*, etc., upon all of which
tlio curront yardage rato* aro wild.
. \i-ot*. 'Ani, cm ccmrne, lri.wi*»rict>.s -where
. ibe operator have tried to avoid pay-
inn yarriajro rate*. Tho following la a
en ho In point (sketch 2):
A pair of levels (a) wero driven In
a certain direction; from ibo main
lovol a aeries of rooms (i>) wars turned off "up tbo pitch," that Is, to th*
"rlso"; at a certnln point un the Incline (c) a Unjtlo "place" fd) was driven, (n cmlcr to "cutoff" il**. toum* m
ilit.y csmo v.., Y«rd«g» was afterward* claimed fdr tbe single placo Ul)
and tlie natter was referred to a Joint
Committee of tho Operators and the
Miners, and It was agreod that tbe
entreat <rnfd**« rat** e&otild *bs paid,
slthoosb tbo olSM'ft (At was driven Mn
(b);    (Rdsca  Colliery,  South Wales',
189.8).  -•■ ,'•■';.'■-       ;'.""'.
: EJntrance to 'mines' operated, by the"
C. N. P. Ooal C!o., .Ltd., ibothat Miehel
and Coal, Greek, are either by •'."•main
tunnels,"., "main' entries" or "main
slopes." The coal-field at Coal Creek
di-ps In ' an .' easterly i. direction, the
"main' -tunnels" . or . "main levels"
are driven niaiuly . north' on one
side of the creek, and mainly south on
thexother, therefore being at right angles to the "dip," lhat la along.the
"strike" of. the seam. The- "main
slopes," notably at No. 3 mine, Coal
Creek, and at No. 3 Bast Mine, Michel,
are to the dip. These main drivages
are, of course, themain haulage avenues and are, in .mining' terminology;
called "iprlmary";haulage Toads. They
are connected-.by "cross-cuts'" to their
parallels, and ithus form also'; the main
ventilating avenues. The current yard-
Age -rates are paid'on these main drivages, their parallels, and cross-cuts, so
-Chat1 there is not, as yet, any dispute in
/this connection. As these main drivages advance further Into the. coalfields, other airways are .turned off, at
varying distances, .the distances apart
and the direction of these drivages are
determined by the .management of tho
■mine, and are governed by the hardness of .the seam, the .cleavage of the
■coal.-the direction of.the dip, and .the
■thickness of the "cover" (Prof. \V. S.
Boulton's "Practical,Coal-Mining," vol.
2, page 311). These secondary drivages are used for haulage purposes,
and with their parallels and cross-cuts
are used for ventilation- purposes. As
these secondary drivages advance into the coal-field, other drivages which
. Cases No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 are sub^
mittedas precedents* which-ought ..to
■be followed in any decision (given upon
this question.. :--,..•    ■        •
- The claims for.yardage rates coining under our immediate notice .(Exhibit Q) are precisely similar to the
foregoing. No. 3 Mine, Michel;' is entered toy slopes, and rooms are turned
off these slopes across the pitch. Since
the present management have had
charge of -these mines, the distance between these rooms has increased,
thereby leaving more coal -between
each room (sketch No. 4). The company seek to extract this coal, .but are
not willing to pay yardage rates upon
the drivages, which must of necessity
act as ventilation avenues " to, and-
'transportation avenues for,' .the' 'coal
thus gotten, thereby sulfllllng the purposes of a level, and acting as such..
Comparing ■ (1 Exhibit C) with (2'
Exhibit C) and taking tlie place
known as' No. 1 Room West, No. 2
■slope, No. 3 Mine, we find the Company claiming that the place Js .being
driven 15 .feet .wi^e, therefore not entitled to yardage, notwithstanding the
fact that a "slant" has been turned off
this place. "Slants," as before stated,
are places -driven from a higher to a
lower place, in a slanting direction 'to"
both, and are used either for ventilation purposes, or for shortening (the
haulage,, or both, and yardage rates
have always been paid upon "Slants,"
and also upon the drivages from which
they have been' turned <off, as both-
serve as levejs. No. 5 West, No. 3
Slope, In- same mine, Is a place across
the pitch from which four rooms have
.been turned'off.thus acting as a level
•necessary, on acgount of the difficulty
of driving along the "dip," and the en-
coiintering'.of, and dealing with, water,
and yet, certain of these latter are, toeing driven at current yardage rates,
therefore impelling us to infer that
the management classify them all as
"Levels and Parallels." On page 65 of
the..present agreement we find that
No.- 5. and No. 7 Mines, Michel, have
certain specified widths ag follows:
, Levels and Parallels, IOVj feet wide,
$2.40 per lineal yard. •
- Level3 and Parallels, 13V£ feet wide,
52.00 per lineal yard.
From the foregoing, we are forced
to the inevitable conclusion rthat' In
any place admitted by the Company
to be a "Level or Parallel," that Is, a
"yardage place," where prices and
■width are fixed, then the "widening
out" of any such place entails only a
proportionate -^Imlnutlpn of the yardage rate." '
, We have now to deal with places
not admitted hy the Company to he
'ILevels" or yardage places..
' If lt were left, to the Company to
Ibe .sole' arbiter of whether any, or
which one, of the tertiary drivages before alluded ;to were to be considered
a yardage place, there would never be
•any "Levels," for all,would toe called
"rooms" or "cross-cuts," or, in fact,
any other names than "levels" and
"parallels." '.Not only would this be
the cas*e\ with the tertiary drivages,
ibut the "widening out" p'rocess.with a
consequent change of name, would
soon (if it has not already done so)
"apply to'the secondary drivages, and',
eventually, .to-the  primary or main
ter of March 25th to Mr, JIurd and referring particularly to "item 3, .being
payment, -for. driving levels in. No.- 5
Mine, Michel. \
■ I ■ have, to state that at the Joint
Committee meeting held-at Blairmore,
on .March." 10th, the question of yard-
,age in No. 5 Mine was referred back
to myself and William Davis for settlement. The case was taken up On
Moiiday, March 16th, with the following result :• !
It was agreed to pay yardage from
No. 3 room to the face of the' level in
No. 5 'Mine.   ,
The case was settled satisfactorily
and I have heard no complaints since.
Yours truly,
(Signed)   CHAS.  SIMIST^R,
General Superintendent.
Exhibit B.
Gladstone1 Local
No. 2314,
U. M. W. of A.
Fernie, B. O, Oct. 8th, 1900.
M. E, Heathcote,
'Mine Manager, Coal Creek, 11. C.
'tDear Sir,—We, the undersigned' pit
committee for No. 2 'Mine, have (on
■the &th inst;) examined the place that
■turns off to No. 2 room to the south
of No. 1 incline (Highline) and - we
have decided ■ that it ds a winning
place, as all precedents go to prove
our case; for instance, a case in point,
i.e., "any place that travels through
solid coal or otherwise, with switches
. turning off the .same, shall be consid
drivages; so that the.Company "would' ered a-winning place, and is therefore
"\   ■
rooms toeing turned off their place.'
*BroiT"Tonf Brown 'and"Bili~iforgan.
■claim yardage in No. 1 West, 2 Slope,
No. 3 Mine, on account of a Slant being driven from their place which they
themselves drove, and the coal is now
/being hauled from the bottom level
through tlieir place". Kindly give these
■grievances your attention and oblige,'
Yours fraternally,
Sec'   '. *
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Qompany,
Michel, B. C, April 26th, 1912.
A. J. Carter, Esq., .»
Secretary District 18, U. M. W. of A.
Fernie, B. C.
Dear Sir,—Replying to your- recent
communication respecting claims for
yardage on .'the following places In No.
3 mine, Michel, viz.:
No.' 1 Room West, No., 3 Slope. I find
this place is heing driven 15 feet wide
and therefore is not entitled to yardage payment
j No. 5 West, No. 3 Slope. This place
is a longwall face driven 20 feet wide,
-worked toy George Wilde*and partner.
No." 1 West is a loose end skip driven by John Eccleston and John'Oakley. .This place is going 15 feet wide
and like the proceeding two places is
not entitled to yardage payment.
A . In fact after learning the full particulars I am surprised that a claim for
Scale: 100 Feet to 1 Inch
'This plate represents a coal seam
entered by a pair of slopes (A) which
•are driven,' aibout 10 feet wide, along
the "full dtp" of seam.   At intervals
-of 60 feet communications are made
from one slope to the other. These
communication r   roads    are . called
-"cross-icuts/'-'and' are used simply for
ventilation.'' A.bbut 230 feet down, a
pair of levels 10,-feet .wide (C)-„are
turned off to the right of "main slope"
(to the left when looking at the plate).'
These'.' Vlevels"'^ are connetted
"cross-cuts" every 60 feet, and "rooms"
(D) 20--feet wide are turned, off ;the
□□□}=={!□'□ □□□y
-up the pitch," i.e., to the full-rise.
These "rooms", are again connected by.
"crosscut's," thus leaving a rectangular .^"pillar" of coal.,- Notice also that
"slants"   (E)  are  driven   from. the
'"main-level" to its "parallel." These
are turned off about every 250 feet In
''order ito cut off the haulage from the
^parallel." These "slants" are also
;used for ventilation purposes.   All of
- the. above- drivages, excepting the
"rooms" are paid yardage rates.
• Further down tlie "elope" on . the
same side (Fig. 2) is the case .which
occurred at RIsca (Colliery, South
.Wales, 1808, and cited as Case No. 1
In accompanying torlof.
On the same side, hut lower down, is
shown a pair of "levels" being driven.
In the top section on the right of
plate is shown the case cited as Case
No. 2 in Ibrief (Fig. 3). A pair of "inclines" (F) are also shown In this section.
Lowor down still aro shown a .pair
of "diagonals" (G) and a pair of
"slants" OH).
3 '
(Copy) ":---
The.Crow's Nest Pass Coal Compaflyy
.   Limited. '
Fernie, B. C, July 8th, 1912. -.
Mr. A. J. Carter, .-   .,.„..
•Sec'y., District 18, U. M.'W.of A;,    '
' Fernie, B. C.   • '
Dear"Sir,-—Re-plying to your letter'.'
of tho -Ith instant, 1 have .Mr. Shanks'".'
report on thc place in No. 1 North-
Mine,   Coal   Creek,   which   you   are
claiming yardage for.    This place is v,
going wide und is, therefore; in ac-   ■
cordanco  with the agreement made
ibetween   District   18,   United   Mine   •
Workers of America, and the Western'.
Coal Operators' Association, not entl- '
•tied to yardage payment.
-We are also under tho necessity, of',
making tho same statement in regard
to tho wide places.and airways you are
claiming -yard"work for in New No, 3
Mine, Michel, for we ilold. tiie opinion
that your agreement with tiie Western
Coal Operators, to which we have contributed, does not justify you in claim- -
;ing narrow work prices".for wide work:
Yours respectfully,
General Manager.
4" ■ ,    '
Gladstone Local Union, No. 2314,
U. M. W. of A.
"... Fernie, B. C, Oct. 11th, 1912.
Mr. A. J. Carter, •
Sec'y., District 18, U. M. W. of A.,
'Fernie, B. C.
Dear Sir,—I -herewith submit case
which has been taken up as per Agreement without success.
, Owen Corrigan, J. Anderson, jr. Murray, A. Lawley, J. Mitchell and D. Mitchell are driving a place -known as lst
Left Entry, an No. 1 East Mine, Coal
Creek, and there are two .places 14
feet wide turned off their place, and.
the Companycfefuses to pay yardage,
claiming that places turned off are
cross-cute. ■
The pit committee saw Mr. Shanks
on the matter and he refused the
committee permission to inspect the
place, on the grounds that other-cases
of a similar nature "were up for adjudication before President Stubbs and
Commissioner McNeill.
I am,
JYours fraternally,.
wo .shall term tertiary drlvagen>'nrp
turned off, the distances and direction of which are determined by tho
management, and are governed by the
samo factors, as the secondary drlv-
ageH.  It is with the secondary and tertiary drivages that wo havo to deal,
ami its the development of all the
nilnoB concerned in thoynnlngo question Ib of a similar charnctor, wo shall
tdilcoau example In dotal!, and forthls
purpose we shall tako No. !i Mine, Mlchol, which was tlio first to clnlm
yarduKo mum for this particular class
of work.   This liiliio Is ontorod .by n
pair of slopes driven In a southcvly direction, tho main slope being used for
linulago and ventilation, tho parallol
slopo acting ns dralimgo and return
vontllntloli avcniio,  At about 300 foot
down a pair'of levels wero turned off
In a 'weetorly direction, nnd -workings
turnod off samo,  A llttlo lowor down
tho slope, a pulr of IovoIb wnro drlvon
ln an oaslerly direction,   About 1R0
foot along this umlu level, a pair of
incllnos woro turnod off up the rlso,
nml from tho mala lnclino, r.xx>m»
about 20 feet wide turned off lu ouoli
direction "across the pitch,"   At a
point In tho main levol about .100 toot
from the main lnclino, anothor pair of
Inclines wore turned off, to cut off t.h<*
hftuln«o from tho rooms mentioned
(sketch 3). Tho top room on the right
ot lnclino (marked a in sketch) was
drlvon  In a considerable  distance,
'whon roonui wero turned1 off te the
rise (marked b In. sketch), in ordor,
m.f.ii,im*iMv i« lr*:;L,.„ ;.^v V*.*IV¥, '"
No. 1 West Js a looso end "skip" nc-
cording to (2 Exhibit C) and rooms
turned off, thus acting as a level. Although M is usual to pay only half the
rogulnr yardage ratos upon "skips"
which have a "Ioobo end," (Sketch 5)
as there Is only ono-half,,tho duaine
necessary In theso places, yet when
rooms nro turned orf, as In this Instance, It should command full yard-
ago rotes, «h tills drlvngo Is serving
tho purpose of a lovol.
Latterly (ho Company havo instituted a uortnlii modification of tho "I'll-
lur and  SI nil"  hystom* of  working,
which modification I Hlfn.ll term thu
"Block" system.  This Hystojn consists
of so working tho plncos lu the mino
thnt tho conl Ip Bpllt up Into -blocks of
about ICO foot squnro (sketch 0), hi
all tho claims for yardage In (lOxlilblt
D) nro Blmllnr (with tho oxcoptlon of
No, 2) a roferoiioe to skolcli No. fl nnd
accompany 1iih description thereof will
d-otornilnn -theso citflos, also other and
similar cases dependent upou same;
tout which have not yot been referred.
To hark hnek -to ease wo. 2 Kxltlblt D,
this eeoms to mo a vory flagrant ca«o
of trying to avoid paying ynrdaKo
rates, for tho place U still to ull Intents and purposes, tho level which
the Company Intended It te be. Here
Is a pluco turned off tlio Incline, called No, 1 South Lovo!, Is then widened
out, and yard ago rules cut off, afterwards rooms aro turnedi off eallei
crosscuts by tho Company. Thoie sre
I driven 4ft toot, wWo. nn<1 itr, n ^t«t<*in-*«
-^     /     *r^* 9*. .*.     x.      ■  ii.'!rIof 150 feet, a thin* wbleh across-cut
room  (marked a) -than b-Acimn** thn] » -w
haulage avenue tor the transportation
of coal from tho rooms (marked to),
also tho ventlistlns; avonue, and, thero-
fore, oerved the purpose* «r a jor0],
This cam was argued before a Joint
Committee -of <h« Operators and Vm-
mi)** m -Ittinirmoro, AHm., on March
10th, 1908, and it -was sitreod to pay
yardage rates upon this placo from tho
point ot turning ott the first room, to
Uio face or coal In room (marked a)
(Exhibit A).
Subsequent to the Joint mooting
above sllnrfjvf 4o, lt. wnn /»nrwr! "Thai:
sny placo that travels through solid
coal or otherwise, with swkchfts turn*
Uts frit tho samo, s$al> l>» considered
a winning place, and is therefore en-
tlU*d to rsrdsge rate as por sitree-
ment." Yardage rates wero claim*!
for sneh a plaee ta No. 2 Mine, Coal
Crook, Oct, 8th, 1009, and tho Com
pany j«kl yardage rates upon the fore-/
—...——.— „.~. ™  tSningr   nn't-'rutattrlltu:,   (K&M&ft.   Bi
■gto and tho same wtdtfc u tlio rooms I (Caso No 3),
)t'4i an,**.! l\i,\tntt iu \li) imtota (Sftuluu
7). There Is no doubt that this placo
Is still acting as a level even though
"widened out" (A in sketch), and this
hrimes up the third aspeot ot the question, ylz,: Does Uio "widening out" of
-i, *.';■!i-cv .i*»M*-»wu,*lut. -tujtt-ui-Bf il. 4h a
"lovol" or not? Turning to pages itt
to 68 of tho present agreement wo
find* under the subhead of yardage,
that tlio Crow's Nest Pass Con! Co.,
Ud., have (with two exceptions) no
speclfiod width for yardsgo placos.
Tlie only mention of yardage places Is
"Lovels aud Paralltils," "Cross-cuts too-
tween levels," and "Room cross-cuts.
nn trno\rti."
No niwiHen is rawdo of ■"Indlnea"
and Uielr parallels, "Slopes and their
Tamil**!*!, "Olsgonalt" ot "Slant*," all
of which drivages are, at present, bolng driven In tho mine* operated by
tho Company, and wWfh oommsnd.
and are psld th* current ysr<f*0*#
rats*. In th* rttto of "Slopes" and
their parallels, more yardagit rates aro
he ablo not only to "win" a certain
conl area of a mino, but tho wholo
mine itself, nay, tho whole coal-field,
without thp liccosslty of paying ono
cent for "yardngo,", nml tills under the
"Pillar and Stall" method of working,
or under any af Its modifications Is
uiiibollovable In tho mining world,
.Wo therefore claim, and Jimtly, that
any drivages which, at the tlmo or
afterwards, act us "IhvoIb," or servo,
at tho timo or utterwards, any one, or
nil of, thu varluiiii ,,jur|)UbcH ■uiiuiiK.r-
ated under this head, or under the
-heads of ciikuh Nos. 1, 2 and il, Hhould
ibo claused as "yiu-dtige" piu cog, and
itald *for ns mieli, irroupoctlvo of direction (except In the t-iiso of "Slopes"
and tliolr pnnillelri, which should bo
paid a hlghur rato of ynrdngo) or
width (exce-pt iih beforo stated),
Wo nro fully cogulxnnt of the Iin-
portaiico of Climso. 2 of tho Agreement, which places the management
of tho mino In Iho Company, nor da
wo wish to Interfere with tho Company In tliolr exorcise of this right,
but wo iiiulnliilii lhat none of our
members should bo deprived of their
duo, as would bn (uny ts) tho on so
woro the present unsatisfactory stato
of affairs allowed to continue, and
which would ultimately develop to u
worso dogroo.
Tho authorities wo have consulted
upon this matter aro:
"The Colliery Manager's Handbook"
by C, Tamely.
„r* -,,,...      -u*   ,. i *     •**
....,*■... *'  *- * -.•-'«!,        t,..*9 -**i«»-i*K-,-t-,-!»-
mont"' -hv Tlulmsn n«<l Hwlmnvn**.
','t»raotlcal Coal Mining," Vol, 2, Professor W, S. HouKon.
"Modern Mining PraoHee/' Vol. 4,
t»y fleo, MltrMsan Tioilon. *"
The International Library of Tech-
•nolory, Ooal Mining flftriw-t, Issued hv
Uu* iMC'-rjiHUoiiii) Correspondence
The Minister of Mines Reports for
n.C. 19U and 1912.
Yours truly,
President District Ko. 18,
v. sr. w. of a.
entitled to yardago rates as per agree-1 yardngo should bo mndo on any of the
riient," ,      I three places mentioned,
(Signed)   W. If. EVANS.
Wo remain,
Yours sincerely,
Hoping to hnvo nn early reply.
Mr, A. J. Cartor,
1       Fornlo, 1). C.
Dour t3lr mid Uro.,--Tho abovo enso
was taken up with tho pit. committee
and .pit'buHH and Super, llcatluoto on
Hatimluy Inst,
Thoy wouldn't dlsciies tho oris-o but
simply hold it was a crosH-cut and
gave no proof, for saying so. Ho after
wiifiUim' a good deal of time, wo decided to turn tho ciiho over to you u» a
Yoiirs fraternally,
(Signed)    DAVID IlKKS.
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Compnny,
Penile, 11, C, 2.'l Oct. MO!).
A. J, Carter, I3nq„
Scc.-Trtas., District No. 18,
U, M. W. of A.,
Pernio, H, C.
Dear Sir,—In further roply to your
lottor of thn IDth Irmt., regarding the
dispute ih No. 2 Mino at, Conl Creek,
■would say tlint 1 hnvo Investl-wtod tho
placo ln question and feel satisfied It
Js a yardnffo plum   Tf th* nn*t* thnt
work mere Till seo the Overman, tho
Jj-UlilCS-   lllll  I'D ttUt.lt.l.lt.i.Vil Oui,
11 feel satisfied that If section A of
tlio "settlement ef locnl and general
disputes" clause in Ute Agrooment had
been followed, this trouble would never havfl occurred.
v----   '..;
' '(Signed)*" CH AH. BIMI8TBR,
General Superintendent,
Yours truly,
(Signed)   W. lt WILSON,
fienernl Manager.
Exhibit D—1
Michel, II. C, M .liino, 1912
Air, A, .1. Carter,
Sec'y., District 18, I?, M. W, of A.,
Peru,1,!.', I). C.
Dear Sir and Uro.—
Claims for yardago
1 heg to hand to you claims which
iho Company rodmo to pay. .lolm
Nowimut and John Hlnol working in
No. 2 lOitsr, No. il Mine, also Jus, Cart-
moll and Joseph iiorgcl, working In I
i-'ast, No, II Mine, Houhoiih fnr mailing
claims nro that Uu* places are development work.
Yours truly,
(Signed)   MAUUICI-1 ItUKHICLI,,
•     Exhibit C
Mr, A. J. Carter,
Socrotnry, District 18,
Ferule, IJ. C.
Dew Sir and Uro.,—I havo been In-
Exhibit A ' i -
. I tftmc-twl to rt*T#r Hit* fcHon-ln.' rrtnv.
-..    -,     .   .,      .. ] sr.ces to yo«.   Vin,*,  .1.  Kira,  Jas.
The Crows Nest P*s Coal Company, Howarth, John Eccleston, John Oak-
Limited. (|y, jM. Bt<i|A«n*on, worklnp In a r-toco
Pornlo, R c„ 27th March, 1908,f,n 'Vo- * Wwrt. » Slop*, **»• " Mlnf.
P. II. Shflrwan, Km\, I c^o* y»rds*« on account of rooms tw
PnHHV!*nit. l«*«rlrt y0, IS tojf turnod off th*lr lowl.
U.M.W. of A., I Jioo.  WIMo,  Fred   lltitchln-ui,  R.
tvu.1. a<-   win* ».(*», .2.+4.     .    I,B "o. 8 West, 3 Slop*, No. .1 MJno,
I**r Slr,-W ith mf#r#r,«» to yrwr let-l claim yardage for the. sam- 'iv.nr. f«mr
Uladstono Local Union, 2.111,
V, M. W. of A.
Penile, II. a, July 3rd, 1312.
Mr. A. J, Carter,
Sec'y., District J8, U. M. W, of A„
Doar Sir and Uro.,---r lmvo Wit in-
•iruciuo ity ubovo l<ocu) to forward
you tho toV.owiuti grievance which ha*
been taken up according to nfrr^m^nt,
S, Hall, W. Wlnterton, t!eu. KvaiiH,
ami James Conroy ere working a
r*iifi* tii.tttfr, .... y,_ * .•;,.•■_ ;,, .v; i.„
So. H Jacline, No, I North Mine, Coal
Creek. Yardage has boon paid on this
■p)aco when It was narrow, but Com-
pany refuse to pay after being widened out. The Company claims that the
-placo |s only for an airway, but there
is a placo turned off it nnd two pair
Exhibit E ,   .
, (Copy)
December 7.th, 1912.
■      .Lundbreck,-Alberta.
A. J. Carter, Esq.,     ' ,       -   ,
Secretary District 18,
U. M. W. of A.,
..     Fernie, B. C.
Dear Sir,—I havo to acknowledge
your letter of recent date in wliich you
ask mo to glvo a definition of a working -placo which was generally considered during tho time I was employed
at tho Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.'e
various mines.    .
A "yardage -place," or .perhaps, .wihat
may be better -described a "winning
place," it it may help tho Company
and yourselves In arriving at a bettor
understanding at tho present timo.
Wliat is considered a "yardago -place"
from a practical mining standpoint,
ami inoro especially In this particular
coal-field, I beg .to submit briefly am
■follows: I would1 say that thero aip-
ipears to .bo almost an unwritten- law
all over Uio raining world, that iplucea
driven or opened up for tho iwrposo
of dovoloplng other places, of courso I
nm referring to places In coal tnino«,
are termed "winning places," without-
restriction   regarding   tho   width  of
such inartlcular places, as much depends on tho actual condition ot Uio
.mine .when tho nuiniigoment decldon
on tho -wUtyh of their development
iplacc-H shall bo -driven, und men are
almost, without oxc&ptlon, paid extra,
consideration Iby Uie Company when
working such iplncen, or what is moro
commonly known in addition lo the
rogulnr tonnage rates are paid yard-
iii'o on, Mieh phiee**, nml would •-•tn.tn
that It always was customary for the"
Crow'H  Notit  Puss  Coal   Co.  to  pay
yardage ln urcoivl.iiK-e with Uie hIhum
prln..l|>I(\   I do nol think that It would
servo any good pm-imso io attempt, to
I'L-latoiit length the technical Interpretation of levels and parallels, {Mltrle«,
K'.ingwayH, eouiiNT gangways, Inclines
and hIi>|kh or oilx-r terms common In
this region that are urn-d in iniuliig
terminology ami eonmioiily dexlgnai-
Ing yardage plnees,   I would Hay further that It has always been customary In this coalfield, nl ho Iii tliu ooal-
fields of ulio Old Country, lo i«»rm «
place a "wliinliiu: place," and -jmy yard-
uKe.^ii namo wheiwer nnd whenever
tlie Compiiiy une c'ti-li p|\^,i for tr.-tiif-
INirlntlfln of cimiI produced from ono or
more oilier working places. Then ^tucli
working place In known as a "wlnnlnK
place" nnd became* whnt Is generally
a ynrdngo -place,    I  would, howrver,
llko to observe that most c-oal -producing dlslrivta wouUI li.i\« rustoms pro-
valcnt and an uiutonttnmtiug mutual'
)}    tltt'l-UU    111*111    «JJ     lilt*    (1,1111.-    Urtld.lW
mid enivlo''/- *Vn< "-i-u'il :.,,".':'-■'• rnrm
Iho basis for on ndjustmont of nny dln-
ipute thai may arise Ixttttmi thein,
ind from a ;«r.i*rt!c3i stendpolnt, and
osi>cclnlly as a mining «nnn, F would
now Kioto that mich shbuld ho k<«pt
ti-etl In -mind tn- i'l -nit-Mea mnrt^moJt
Yours truly,
Fernlo I». C, Sept. lftth. 1913.
Juiix-s Muir, Kh<|.. K, C,
Calgary, Alts,
of m/.ri wofiia^ (.j j,.   Sur*?. fcui..', iv,,- s-r-
his la »,cross-out and this cross-cut \    '      ','
i* -Mi toot wldf. ni'i] I'.-m to po rt ,*i, ' He Yanl.ir*- 0»i*hi«Ih"i
unco of 150 (m. ' '    Y...i   a ill  Tii.d  nulosi-d  MrM ami
Wo bellove thn- will  turn oth«-r'. SU,'J'hnl ,n *"M,ort »f our claim for
places off Jt «]| ai,,,,,., uml tMnhtrnt ,--lT. :''•'',, M.h ,.  ,     ft
places cross-cuts, hut our opinion is :    '  ',0,,M flsk ,hiU "ft*r ^uU havu
that these places aro rooms two jour r<nwrt on the dl«|w«<», you
(SiKncd)   T,  ri'HIl^. Soc'y.     rcfr.r.t«*«..
i'.H.—•mint** wmmr ttt* ntior**, I ftn<!; Y-on-rs tmty.
that t*oro Is anrrther swtwh laid off | J. R smith,
tl»» alK>vo pinoo. Vrt'H'uUml DMrirt IS, V, M  \V of a Sli
.-•*,.. ---Ji)-'
*-'■,-"■.-* Y'u'-'
. i. .-.--'?
The Yardage Dispute
This is an application of 'certain
minora asking to ibe allowed what Is
known as "Yardage," and on the 25th
of March, 1913, the..question caono bet-ore myself as Chairman appointed by
the Minister of Labor, and Mr. Stubbs,
■representing the Unltod Min© Work-
era, and Mr. McNeill, representing the
Western Coal Operators' Association.
After considerable discussion, it -was
agreed by all parties that tho consider-
atlon of this question should stand ad-
journed, -and in the meantime, Mr. McNeill and Mr. Stubbs should- each tile
with -mo a brief or memorandum showing the grounds of their respective
contention* -
On th© 31st of said month of March,
Mr. tMoNolH filed his argument, aud on
tho 22nd of September ult. I received
the argument put In .by Mr. J. B.
Smith, the delay of the latter argu-
meat ibelng explained from the fact
that in the meantime Mr. Stubbs had
resigned from the .position of President -and Mr. Smith  had succeeded
By the Agreement .between the
Mine Workers and the Coal Operators
dated November 17th, 1911, -provisions
are mado with great minuteness as to
the charges to be made for tho different -mining operations, under the different conditions existing in the various mines covered by that Agreement,
and among theso provisions are what
is known as "Yardage."
In the mines belonging to the Crow s
Nest Pass Coal Company to which the
mines in question belong, there are
somo 16 provisions under the heading
of "Yardage" in all of which under
this heading are Included in the follow-
' ing:
(a)    Levels and Parallels.
. (b)    Cross-cuts between Levels.
(c)   .Room cross-cuts no tracks,
and for these divisions of "Yardage"
different  prices are allowed  to the
miners in the different -mines, and in
two cases under that head the .widths
are given, and I may here notice that
In the case of mines belonging to the
International Coal and Coke Company,
Limited, under the heading "Yardage"
divisions are made with prices and
particulars differing from those in the
first .mentioned   Company.    I  would
here note that this Agreement whioh
'   is to continue in force until the 31st
of March, 1915, has apparently ibeen
prepared with great care and partlc-
'   ularity, and no doubt in arriving at the
different   .provisions   fixed   by   this
Agreement, concessions and compro-
imi-ses ranist have .been made by tooth
.parties,  and  the   Agreement  having
been reached under these circumstances, it must -have .been intended'during
th© time it was in Ofor*ce to settle the
different questions as to prices for
work done by miners as well as other
matters so that any disputes arising
,==•1. _A ^-j.UM-nn-nftAa-lnfAirABl'Ad-AttOll.ld-
^TlH?l.*vvwir"'iu*57~i,**, wfeu:,.."..*—-u —
be governed by the agreement refer-
red to.'-' '■
At the first and only meeting held
on the 25th of March last, It waa stated and It was not disputed, that the
claim made by-the miners here in. dispute did not com© .within the terms of
any of the subdivisions of what is
known as "Yardage."
I bave carefully read the arguments
put in by ,Mr. Smith and Mrl McNeill,
respectively, and I gather from \Mr.
Smith's argument that tho meaning
to he placed upon the provision* ■respecting "Yardage" are to be extended
from their ordinary meaning -by reason
of certain customs which support his
contentions, and he, in support of this,
among otheT things, refers pie to certain adjudications on this question of
"Yardage," th© construction, for -wihidh
he contends -was allowed, tout I notice
that these adjudications took place (before the dato ot the Agreement in
question, therefore, it was a matter
which had been a dispute before the
Agreement waB entered Into.
It ds not contended but that aipt
words might have been used ln the
provisions respecting "Yardage" which
would hav© met the cases now. in ques-
tion and, thus prevented any question
ibeing raised as to their meaning, and
the ifact that this same question had
been a matter of dispute before.the
Agreement, leads me to the conclusion
that for some reason or other, It ,-was
not intended *that„claims for, "Yardage",
should -be extended' .beyond the provi:
slons specially mentioned under, that
I    I may further say, that in the dis-
these"iwovision8-'are to ibe either extended or Hinited by doubtful interpretations-put upon th© 'words where the
"words '. used .,, specify '-the particulars
.which-in,, this case come under the
head of "Yardage.'.'    :
I,agree -with"Mr. McNeill in his conclusion that'th© miners' claims -for
".Yardage'', do not own© within the
terms of th© written, Agreement referred to, and should not be allowed, snd
I so find and award. -S„-
.Dated at Calgary; 'Alberta, this 14th
day of October, A. D. 1913.
(Signed)   JAMES MUIR,
X   ■ Chairman.
.   I concur,'
.(Signed), W. P. McNBILL,
"X     -    October 24th, 1913.
James Muir, Esq., K.C.,
CaJgary, Alta.
Dear Sir:—      -  •?■  ■  '
Re Yardage.
I beg to acknowledge.yours of tihe
22nd, enclosing your findings on the
-above question, and agreed to by Mr.
McNeill.    In your decision there. is
cussk>n which took place on the 25th
of March last, it, was admitted,.,by
both -parties,- that when this work-was
done iby the miners In question, no
agreement was made, nor has since
.been made, that the miners should be
■paid -for the said. work, under the
heading of "Yardage," 'I must.hold
that 'both the Mine Workera -and the
Mino -Operators understood, or must
be held to have understood, that the
rate of payment for tbls work in dispute waa to be governed 'by the Agreement hereinbefore referred to.
I-may further say that I feel that it    _ .—   	
would be a serious matter and might nothing definite as to what constitutes
endanger the .rights of all parties if a yardage place.' I would therefore
where express provisions ore made,  ask'that you define -what, in your opin
ion, is a yardage place.- If,you should
answer Levels and Parallels," then-" I
would ask-what, in your opinion,.constitutes Levels and- -Parallels.'.',;.- '• --
In oider that your decision,.may.-biai
thoroughly..understood,  r,*wouKl '^esteem it a favor to receive an immediate reply. - ' ■*- ■.      ,.iS - -**.. *,r/r '■ - ■ .*...-
Yours truly,^     .""   ,V'.,   - •'■ '
"',-  -    J. E, SMITH',.-"?*-' V-.".,1
, District President!
Calgary, .October 26th, 191S.
J. J3. Smith, Esq., . - ■ ;.XS" "'
'  President,-United Mine -Workers,'
- '■•   Iterate,'B..€.-"•.-■.•-*-.-.'■-
Dear Sir:—'-   i-       X -.A    "■
■ ^ .'.'. Re Yardage.   -
I am just In receipt of yours of 24th
inst, nnd,In reply cai\ only say that
after having made my report my powers and duties.arc st an end.,
On receipt of your argument by" your
Hotter dated September l&th nit, I
considered that-as Mr. StuMw representing th© miners discussed this with
Mr. .McNeill and myself .when iwe first
met, and thinking that you might not
-know.tho .position he took, I wrote you
on the 22nd of September.asking you
if you wished to discuss the matter
further, before making my report, and
on the 24th received a letter (from.Mr-
Carter on your behalf, .suggesting that
I .should "make, my report.dn -accordance with .the, arrangements' already,
arrived at," arid I accordingly'did so.:
■\ t x.. "A   Yours truly,
'.   ".       ■    " -': "' '    ■ "\IAM-ES'MUI'R.
Scale: 100 Feet to 1 Inch
The top section on the left of iplate
shows a.series of room4 20 feet-Aide,
driven "across the pitch";' those are
driven 60 feet from centre ot ono room
to centre of another, and .connected by.
cross-cuts 50 feet centres, thus leaving a 40 foot square pillar (Fig. 4) (a).
Those orossouts are driven by th©
tnlnors who work in the rooms shown.
No - tracks are used In cross-cuts on
such a "pitch,", when rooms are less
than 50 feet apart ■ . '    v   -
' (Pig. 4) (b), shows rooms across the
'Vpdtch", where distance between rooms
has Increased considerably;   In these
connections tracks aro used if the
"pitch" ,4s moderate, but 4f the "pitch"
bO a heavy one, other means are, resorted to.   If the miners who are engaged to driving the rooms, across tho
"Pitch" :wore to drlvo thoir own connections, the "room" itself must stop,-
whilst this is being done, and, consequently the development -would proceed at a slow rate.   This does not
suit the Company, therefor© other miners aro engaged to drive these connections, andas the coal from these must
come out along the "room across .the
ipiteh," and aa this -room also -forms
tho ventilation avenues for.-same, it to
evident that H Is serving tho (purposes
of a "lovol" as shown in sketch, and
we claim should be paid for as such,
irrespective ot its width.    (Cases ln
Exhibit C come under this head.)
-(Pig. 4) (c) shows rooms, "across
tho pitch" where a slant is ibeing driven from the higher room to the lowor
ono, in order to bring th© coals up this
"slant" to the higher- room, ae being
more convenient. - Th© "slant" -will also be a ventilation avenue. (See Ex-
Mbit C,),.
"-(•Fig. 5) shows a" loose end ^klp" being taiken off a ".room" across th©
pitch.". ■> The dotted  line  shows tho
"wall" of coal.   Rooms are shown turned off this "skip" and yardage' rates
are claimed, as the place is serving, the
■purposes of a level, (See, Exhibit C.)
(Fig.-6)    The top" section'on the
.right of plate shows the,latest departure of the Company, ahd which-I
(have namedi the "block" system.   In
the back-ground is shown a completed
plan of the whole.   In relief is shown
the making of the 150 (foot square
blocks, the blocks when made, and the
splitting of these blocks into 40! foot
square pillars.   The splitting of these
Nooks into pillars is shown in the
centre, but in practise, the end blocks
would be split/first.   It  is  evident
from   sketch  that  no   matter, from
which direction the .blocks are formed, .certain of the approaches thereto
•must act as ventilating or. transportation avenues, either or both, thus fulfilling the purposes of a "level." ..Tlils
system Is more particularly applicable
to a flat seam, or one -with a moderate
"pitch," but, of oourse, may be adapted
to a heavier "pitch" if worked to the
'rise:- TneTiines'in'this'coai-fieldraTe
not all of an uniform "pitch," but vary
considerably, and .continually, in some
■instances.   It has'not been considered
necessary to outline isketch No," 7'. as .
Fig.;5 (-without'the dotted line)'ropre-'
sentsthls case.(No, 2 Exhibit-D):, In-" -.
this connection,' viz.,'. th© --widening-o-qt
of aa.exlsting level,,we -may,say-that I: -
the Company have done this in several '.
instances, -that: is, proceeded- "wide"
•for;a;certaln'distance nut have thon
reverted back .to tlie original, width, on
account' of difficulties encountered to.'
supporting the rdof when the level -was
'.'"nrHe."   -Also; .the "lines of cleavage,.
or "cleat" ot the coal plays a most dm-
iportant part in the rate ot progress at   .
which any mine will be developed*—--■.
"Cleats" are the > "smooth faces ,or v
partings which run through the seam ,\
ot coal, in two directions, at right an-   ,
gles to each other, on© set .being more
pronounced than the other . .'." (Colliery (Working and Management; Bul- >'
man and Redmayne,'page 320).- All
mining; authorities"' are agreed that ,
(workings set away at right angles to*
the more pronounced lines of cleav-
age; are easier to work, .produce mors
and larger coal, .than tbe workings in
the other direction.'  The former is
known to miners as working "on the .
face," tho latter as working 'to:-the
end.". If we take a -working "on,the
face," and a working "on the end," ot
the same width, In the samo section of
the mine, the former will proceed' at a
much more rapid rate than the latter,
so much so, that I have seen the same
miners make five dollars per day in a
working- "on the face," and In a working "on the end" at right angles to the
other -place, they could not make the
minimum wage of three dollars per
day.  On again referring to Sketch No.
6 we f)nd -workings In both directions
being driven simultaneously, and in
th© (practical working of the 'Iblock"
system, we find that the Iniquitous
threeohift   system   (presumably   to
keep workings "on th© ©nd" up to the ,
required- mark) Is .brought more and
more into vogue, which Is not only a ,
violation ot the agreement re "Single
Shift" (page 12), but the prevalence
of workings "on the end" without tho
bonus of yardage rates, lessens .the'
earnings of the miners to a very large
From'a careful and intelligent perusal of all the .particulars set forth in
the foregoing (somewhat exhaustive)
treatise, it is very evident that:,    *
(1) Any drivage which serves all,
or any on©, of the (purposes of a "lovol" ."'
is a "development" drivage, and therefore should be'paid yardage rates.-
(2) That the width, ot any suoh
drivage does not determine whether
any -such drivage should, or should not,
be paid yardage nites.
(3) That, in th© past,.it has been
(customary for the Company to pay
yardage rates, upon > any .one, or all
such, drivages, and we do not agree to
any change being now made.
•Fernie, B. C, October 29th, 1913.
To the Members of the Michel and
Fernie Minere\.Union, U. M. W. A.
Greeting:—       •-•   ■',   '- '
I herewith enclose copy of findings
of Mr. James Muir, of Calgary, acting
as chairman appointed by the Minister
of Labor, and concurred In by Mr.W.
P. 'McNeill, on .behalf of the Western
Coal Operators* Association, - Te the
question of ."yardage" at the Coal
Creek and Michel Mines. Comment
is needless. '_"
Fraternally yours,
■      ^ "J. E..,SMITH,
•'   * District 'President.
Men and Money
The strike of the coal miners of Colorado is but a phase of the -world-wide
struggle of 111 requited labor to wrest
justice -from, greediprompted -monopoly. The Colorado' Fuel and Iron Company is one of the largest Industrial
concerns In the country as well as one
of the most heartless in Its treatment
of tho employes. It numbers Iron nnd
coal miners, a railroad, a mammoth
steel plant (where the conditions that
obtain are credited as bolng tho worst
In the country), a store system where
the orniployds are forced to do their
trading at exorbitant prices. In the
Bteel plant alone tho employes number
upward of flvo thousand, whon in full
operation, who are driven for ton and.
twelve hours a day for/Starvation1 wages In order that the full quota of dlvl-
dondo -may bo forthcoming. The conditions In this industrial hell aro so
bad that they could well emblazon, o'er
the outsldo entrance, "Ho who enters
horo leaves hope behind." Thoy disregard tho health and safety of their
omployoB alike and are fiendishly bold
tn thoir utter defiance of statutory provisions for .safeguarding 'machinery..
In their mining operations they nro
notorious for their laxity in providing
oven ordinary .snfoguards. Death, grim
monster, had htwl moBt glorious toll
from tho mines under Its control.   Its
operations In all Ub choson linos have
boim marked by u frank contempt of
public opinion and In all it hns (boon
actuated solely by a greedy doBlro tor
prof It, And ovor all, oven as the -Phar-
•Vsoe covora Ills sins with a cloak of
charity, It hns graven Its namo ovor
ono of tho most modorn hospitals In
tho country.   Housed In a boaiitlful
building, surrounded  by magnificent
grounds, tt would bo tx worthy -monument to a nobler bulldor.  Vory fow of
Its employes nro treated nt this magnificent homo of Iho sick, liowovor, as It
is too costly for their monger pursos,
Tlio dollar a month thoy nro chnrgod
for hospital eorvlco Is simply another
source of dividends to the«orpomtlon.
Ovor nil tho holdings of tho Colorado Fuel and Iron Company may bo
I'*ci aie, D. C.
Cash Prices
Men's    Half    Soles,
ft(=-     9,9,0
r,A*»u*> vt  ■•-- »-
Men's Hssls, nailed on 40c pslr
Women's Half Selts,
nalltd en   Me pslr
Women's Hssls, nail-
«don  28epslf
Women's    Rubber
Mesls  SOepilr
M«n'» Rubbsr Heels.. «* P*,r
Tlie above figure* are for *W
too*, work nnd inftteri»l. i'luure
U oat snd mo if it woo't pay >vu
to pstronlM tbo O. K. Shop.
seen the shadowy form of "King Money." Without deflnits shaipe or form,
devoid ot Intellect or emotion, whose
heart is of cold, metallic gold, this
monarch dominates all their activities.
Men are far inferior to mules in their
estimation, for the mules cost money,
■while man once killed is easily re-,
placed out of the waiting hordes. Mercy, to them, represents but the fleeting
fancy, of the mentally deranged", "Justice a blind nag whoso only purpose
Is to stint the (payment of dividends.
This corporation ln Its greedy quest
for profits Is but on a par with other
oqually soulless corporations -who
would sacrifice human HveB ln order
thnt dividends might be paid,
For years this outfit has made of
mon mere machines, taken them when
thoy woro young and full of jhope.and
discarded them when they wore crippled ln physique or their minds had
becomo blunted by the passing years.
And always when those men wore
found of no further use to the company, those -men were broke In purse
as in spirit. They wore but cogs ln
tho groat Industrial machine. While
thoy wero nhlo to produce, they wore
furnished a moro subsistence, nothing
oxtra to lay by for a Talny day, always
just enough to keop body and soul together. Thoir contribution to tho social needs havo boen but thousands
of human hulls, dovold of hope, bereft
of ohance. This is tho price Boclety
has had to pay for the exlstonco of this
corporation, thin and tho hundreds of
unmarked graves that dot tho mining
camps, from which It haB filled Its cof-
Tors with gold.
This corporation Is In the load of
tho band e»r ooyotr* who nro obstructing tho onward progress of labor in
Colorado ancl the nation,. They exist
only for dividends. The question thnt
ls up for settlement ln Colorado. Is
whether mon «ro to rule dollars, or
dollars rule mon. Thero must ho no
quarter or compromise In the fight,
All who would continue the rule of
monoy must, nnd will bo swept aside
In the victorious ndvmiro of unltod labor. Oovornors, Judges, ppaco officers
of overy degroo mtist mull In lino in
Uie fight for hotter conditions or be
swept asldo In tho onward progross of
tho now civilization.
Tho "Inhumanity to man" which has
marked tho trail of this gigantic (monster, hns "mode countloss thousands
mourn." It hns left Its foul imprint
even on members of Colorado's Supreme Oourt, while her leglsletlvo records aro besmeared with Us ftmvk*
llk* trail. The conl minors of Color-
sdo long held slave o> «m» wiwi ».tii- •
J.ilJ, li lUtiuih-r, cnrj.tirallonr.. In ihrtr
new Independence will do well to noo
that tho linos of their organization are
well knit In the bonds of unity and
that the members aro shown the necessity of standing -wrtldly togothor.
It through some lack of unity the men
should be defeated, it were bet ter for
therv that thoy had never boen. The
flght must and will bo won, and to the
slogan of "Colorado must stand for
Justice to her (worker*," tho miners
must maivli with an unfaltering step
U> tlvfclr witl,- -Wyoming Uhor Journal.
Srlenet- lives only in rjuli't placf*
and wiih odd people, mostly poor.—
The Right Plan
What is needed above ail other
things is concerted, continued work.
Algernon Lee's call to arms points
the way.
We pride ourselves on fighting for
Socialism 364 days ln the year and
voting for It on one day. But this
often ls merely a Justifiable'little pose
because there are some Socialists, and
often only a few Socialists, who do so.
All tho tlmo the development of our
capitalist system Is going on*. ■ Its machinery Increases In efficiency and
thero Is the constant proof of the noed
of Soclullsm. Wo see that and appreciate It, Beyond appreciation there Is
a thing that is greater, and that Ib understanding. Wo must understand that
though tho -working class aro victims
of capitalism thoy own It, Therefore,
they must possess the machinery of
capitalism. It is the "Inheritance" that
comes to thorn on their start In life as
the Co-operative Commonwealth. They
must go out and take It,
Now York Socialists have fought a
■wonderful tight. They always have.
In this great, disjointed, shifting, drifting, rich, povorty-rlddon, magnificent
squalid city, thoro aro more distracting, nnd seemingly crushing questions
than olBewhere. That Is not due to
the Now York Socialists or the Now
York capitalists. It Is due to New
York's bolng a port of entry for labor
powor, to IU being a clearing house
for capitalism and to Its having ln
moro marked form than elBowhoro, the
■contrast toetween capitalist opulonco
and working class poverty put before
We havo usually conducted an explanatory campaign. It Is good. We
havo usually sought to show whoreln
our present governmont Is Impossible.
It Is woll done, Thoro should now
ho added to thnt tho positive relentless campaign of showing what wo can
do nnd fighting unceasingly for tho
chance to do It.
As you road tho returns today, go
ovor thorn carefully nnd consltlor this:
Ts not the whole Socialist tlckot personally superior to those who won?
Would those on tho tlckot not havo
carrlod out the mandates of the party?
Then consldor: Today tho campaign
"Issues" nnd promises of Fusion nnd
the Democratic party are as worthless
as the lithographs of their candidates
pasted on deadwalls and the billboards
of New York. But the Socialist party
Municipal Program ls a live document.
It will be improved upon. It will sound
the revolutionary note more distinctly.
But it is living, vital, urgent today.
Why, then," not do the obvious .thing
and go out and fight for -Its acceptance?
A year from now we shall, vote for a
Governor, State' Senators, Assembly-
men and members of Congress. There
Is the basis on which to start our campaign cf organization and education*.
We haivo been robbod in the past,
double-crossed, and buncoed. It is our
fault, partly. It Is our fault In so far
nB we havo not kept steadily hammering, lt is not our fault to the extent
that our facilities were woefully Inadequate!
Ab the best wny to overcome /his
indifference and tho -Inadequacy, tho
continuation cf a New York Campaign
Committee is necessary. Such a commlttoo has important work to do. It
can begin tho organization of tho districts ln which wo have supporters,
but which have not yot heen. put into
•fighting 'trim. It can follow up tho
work of education. It can really begin to pull New York together as a
unit In tho fighting forces of tho city,
instead of being as it now is, five locals sometimes duplicating campaign
work and all, In genoral work, weak-
oned through scattering of efforts.
Now York needs to work together,
nnd it can best do It through a con-
trallzed commlttoo thnt has power,to
do the work In thoso localities whoro
It Is most noedod.—.New York -Call,
Nov. 5.
By W. W- Passage
The Socialist Premise—The foundation of fundamental Justice upon
which tho demand for Socialism is
bnsod Is: , ,
1, Our equal and Inalienable right
to tho reBourcoB of nature as our
common heritage from a -common Creator,
2. Otir right to the socially necessary tools of production and distribution, both by roason of our part In
their creation nnd as our heritage
front  the genius  nnd   labor of tho
thousands of generations of workers
of the past.
' 3. Our right to the systematic coordination of our labor with the labor
of our fellows, each to receive ofthe
'multiplied product, of this perfected
industrial order ln proportion to the
degree of skill and energy individually expended. "     .
The Socialist Sequence—In ordor
to establish and .safeguard this modern interpretation of the . rights ot
man, Socialists hold that, just os
through the substitution of public own*
orship of law and government, or political democracy, w© have escaped'tho
.tyranny of privately owned law and
government Imposed by tho decree of
a king, sp alBO must we escape Industrial despotism by stibstltuttng for private ownership of Industry, industrial
democracy, or collective ownership of
Industry; In short, .socialize industry
Just as we have socialized government.
The Socialist Method—To accomplish this, it will be necessary to show
the .working class tlie fact and method of Its exploitation, so that tho
workers may becomo conscious of th©
conflict of interest between capital-
lets and non-capitalIsts and also con-
boIoiis of the necessity for a separate
political party through which they
.may tako possession ot and uso all
■the powers of government to Inaugurate -Uio Co-oporntlvo Comimonwealtb
In which industrial class divisions,
poverty and strife Bhall glvo way to
fraternity, abundance and universal
Pay Day Saturday
Special musical program, including
solos, duets, quartettes, „ quintettes,
string band selections and service of
song ontltlod "Pursued by Grace,"
will Ibo glvon by the Fernie Salvation
Army Songs Brigade at 8 p.m. 'Admls*
slon only 2fKj, Ccmo and bring a friend'.
You want a chance. You have novor
had It and never will havo lt undor
capitalism. But Socialism will opon
the doors of opportunity to every Hv-
Ing thing.     ^^	
Samuel Ball says, "don't be horrified
nt tho cadet or tho prostitute-herder.
Ho has perhaps a dosen women "keep.
Ing' him. The 'hlRhly^espectcd' depart-
mont store proprietor has n thousand,
.,-■   ''' ^ymtkt'fi-.'XxA*''-''-'
t»1'' -'"X.v .. ii
«,•*,.*.•"'•"       >• c
-. ..     ''('I '. ■ ',,i< '    :■•" fe'
"-"X ■I'S-.ff' ' ,,',-'f'"*,i\ w.
Wm. Thompson
SMfo/lfe Gun
ovwKiv avow eeu-sws, coots cotet.
Power Washing
Watch this Space
Wo will, furnish your houso from cellar to garret
and at bottom price*. Call, write, phono or wire,
Wo havo tho oompleteit stock iu tho Crow a Nc*t
If you are satisfied, tell othowj if not satisfied,
fr-V**     tmmt,
Coleman Hardware Store
At lh» flri*df ff**»Y NI|M
Try an Ad. in the Ledger
; **$i™ni0?i t^^l^*"*1"
ttHi '-'- ■";. -;^'S:XA'V*7<* tjs>,
'.-.,*■*-.... •
Established April 1899;  ;,       <\.;"
.t ._:.:...^is7mMAM~A::
y. Wholesale; aftd Retail   WobaCCOflist
Baths and. Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
. ■ , ^
Great Northern
On account of the 6th Annual Apple Show in
Spokane November 17 to 23 inclusive, 6. NrR. -will
issue special'round trip rates of $11.50 Fernie to
Spokane ahd return. Date of sale November 16 to
'21. Trains leave Fernie daily at 9.53 a.m.,.arrive
Spokane ,7.25 p.m. .    •   ^   '•.'
:       :      , .:■      Fernie, B. 0.
The question is asked. We
answered: "Look around you
and Bee. ";.,
Investigation Discloses That
Real Eotate Prices Are Advanc-
Ifig, -..'.".'-,,  ....'.	
' Are^yoiTalive to the situa-'
tion? If you are,we can show
you a place you can make a
big profit on,"'."..".,
AiT wimiwriJ't*. I*.(a. ^_ 	
 =———,r H. -wU -«w-»*^-.^,A*^VU. ** '
Just Now, Houses'   Here
'   Dirt Cheap.
■... '.%
i,'    • (
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50o, and Upwards
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
wero tha FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because they aro THE BE8T ON THE MAR-
KET, that's why.
Buy them all the tlmo at
jp <UK,      dj&jL*f#
_ >
Four Pool Tables, almost
New.  Samuel Mav. maker
Will sell separate if wanted for $200 on terms.    ■.
Mrs* Agnes Gourlay
Queen'si Hotel Hosmer, B.C
Ledger Ads are Money Getters
By,Fred, D Warren 'V^V
- I Relieve in iho confiscation' of the
productive property; of tliis natioa by
the working class. I do not .believe in
confiscating .itt iby (piecemeal. "iThat
would .be foolish and illegal. The plan
I favor is that the working .class shall
first capture tbe political powers of
the state and nation and then the job
can be done without the danger of getting cracked skulls and' prison sentences. This is the i>ian followed by
the master class, ft ha& .been proved
a success toy the master. It will .prove
a -wortcaible .plan for the slave. "
>: The mission of the Appeal to Reason is" to persuade the men -who'work
to use their political' power that" it
may .ibe possible easily, quickly aiid
■without opposition to exert tlieir industrial strength.
,. I believe^he working class should
■capture the political, powers of the
cities as rapidly as possible. The* capture of a'(municipality will.not do the
working class' a ©reat deal of good.
What we want is ALL the wealth we
create. The capture of a'municipality
will not give'us all—not even,a .bit
more. A, Socialist administration of a
city may succeed in raising wages and
reducing hours and providing som-e-
•what 'better conditions ffor a part of
the working class. But this gain is
quickly -wiped out .by increased prices
of tliose things the working class 'as
a .whole must .buy. Therefore we mere-1
ly transfer from the pockets of, a part
of, the working cla'ss what- the more
fortunate ones get in increased wages
and shorter (hours.       /
, The capture of. a municipality merely gives the working class a chance to
"practise" administering, public affairs. iTiils experience will prove of
great value -later on.
■ I do not .believe in sabotage. If a
man steals my horse and I find it in
his possession,-it -would,be very foolish for me to hamstring the horse. It
would merely -be destroying my property and would not injure the thief. I
should immediately take steps to recover my. .property. - This is what the
■working class must do in its dealings
with the capitalist class.   The wealth
of the world having been created iby
the working class, rightfully (belongs
to the workers. It has been stolen by
processes legal and otherwise and if
,the workers-are ever to recover possession they must take it. It will not
toe returned to them by their capitalist
masters. ;,;••'   ' ,-
. T)ie jworking class cannot get possession of the industries until they
Jiave-first taken over the police power,
the courts arid the law-making funcl
tions'of state and nation,
.-A working,man makes i rapid-fire
ga-fcling gun. , He loads the gun with
■the ., latest' improved ammunition—
smokeless powder and deadly' projectiles. He,turns the gun over to his
master.-. He then proposes a fight for
the possession of that" weapon. I admire - the' dare-devil courage of the
working man, but I would certainly
condemn him as a" foolish and unwise
■oreature. The reward for his industry
in making'the gun and his courage in
trying to take it, unarmed, from tlie
man*, he had given it to, would toe a
mutilated '.body and an unmarked
grave.'-   ■ **,    -
Tihe gatling gun is the productive
machinery of state ■ and nation. Its
political expression is the policeman's
club and the soldier's gun. ' ,
The working man today possesses
the ballot.'. It is nqt yet too late for
him to-use it for his own good and for
the protection of future society. Tomorrow his ballot will be taken from
him toy the master class, which Js In
undisputed possession, not only of the
industries, (butof the political powers
of the state.
I! have • $o conscientious scruples
the use of aay method, direct or indirect, that will secure'to the working
class ipossession of the .machinery of
production. ; But I think entirely too
much of my.head to risk hutting it
against a atone wall in the shape of a
policeman's „ club wielded toy a man
who takes his orders from capitalist
politicians.-, V
Be 'wise. Mr. Workingman, and exercise your right at the"'ballot 'box.
When this plan has failed, it will then
toe time to" discuss other methods.—
Appeal to Reason.
Miss Sylvia Pankhurst AnnouncesOr-
ganization of "Army" to Protect!Suf<
*. fragettes— Police Are Foiled in Ef.
fort to'Arrest.
An Unpurchasable
Labor Leader
The Minertf Magazine Pays a Splendid Tribute to thePresident of the ■
American Federation of Labor
The Miners* Magazine, the -official
organ of the United Mine Workers,
America's greatest international labor
union, with a membership of over four
hundred thousand, and of strongly Socialistic,tendencies, pays the following
splendid tribute to the sterling worth
and integrity of Samuel Gompers, the
president of the A. F. of L. Trades unionists- throughout the continent will
applaud the sentiment, and it is equally pleasing to note that the New York
_Qall_L>-a-n.fi r.-^tlnnJ-3n<li*nj«_£.«AiAll.J.' ..*U_
--*-r*»*»^-»**'W—uvu-vi— ica.u-iu*5^uOviailoL— yuu*
Mcations have not hesitated to reproduce .the article:
The testimony of Mulhall before a
Congressional committee was a trilbute
to the integrity of. Samuel Gompers.
Mulhall declared that there waa a fund
of $40,000 and a lucrative position for
the president of the.American Federation of LaJbor, provided that ho listened to the siren song of a National Manufacturers'. Association, tout, according
to JIulhall; tho aggregation of exploiters with their .bribe, money and'the
promise of a fat salary, failed to reach
the man whom they yearned to debauch with Judas money.   •'
ITho editor bf the Miners', Magazine
as well as thousands of other men in
the 'labor movement, do not coincide
■wltili somo of the policies advocated by
the president of the American Federation, of Labor, tout when Samuel Gompers shows, through the testimony olf
a paid ngent of the enemies of labor,
that he has the manhood and the honor to spurn "the mess of pottage" to
remain loyal to tho downtrodden and
oppressed, we cnn pay oiir tribute of
roBpect to lilm, even though we feel
at times tlmt he Is pursuing a course
that Is retarding tho progress of tho
labor movement,
No mon Is (Infallible, and neither Is
Samuel Gompers. To Ibe 'human, ls to
IWe can overlook tho mistakes of tho
hood far easier than tho mistakes of
tlio heart, and the Met tliat Samuel
Gompors Wave proven Invulnerable to
tho bribes of monoy conspirators will
win for lilm tho Admiration of mon
■who havo frequently censured him for
tito advocacy of (policies thai seemed
to keep tho labor movoment soattorod
and divided Into craft and trado rogtl-
It. is truo tlint men In tho labor
movoment sometimes .becomo impa-
tlflnt nnd chaff at tho snnlMlko paco
of organlzod labor toward that goal of
Industrial emancipation for which
yearning honrte aro longing, but philosophy teaches that largo bodies movo
slowly, nnd It may .bo that somo of ub
who -feol nnd believe that our tactlce
and jiiothods should appeal to tho in'
tolllgoncoof tho working class nro car.
riod away by our Impetuous doslro
tliat 'labor -should throw oft tho yoke
of slnvory and bocomo freemen tu "tho
twinkling ot nn eye."
Hut whilo we feel that Samuel Clorn*
pom Is slow In Milling tho height* that
load to economic liberty, wo pay our
tribute to him lor rottistingtho tompta-
tion of Mammon,
'No. 4—'Rigid enforcement of the
scaffolding inspection act and the appointment of a sufficient number of
• No. 5—-Mora rigid enforcement of
■the factory, inspection act with particular reference to sanitation and
ventilation of workshopes.
■No. 6—An act in aid of widows, deserted mothers and wives of prisoners. %   .       x '   ;'
, No. -7—Respecting the.recovery of
.-wages under the masters and Servants
act, restricting any appeal from magistrates' decision.   ■
election deposit and election day" to
■bo declared a public holiday.
"No 9—An act respecting cinematograph operators with particular reference to the apprenticeship being extended to'twelve months actual"experience;' non-employment of motors
for operation pf. picture" machines,,
qualified operators to be appointed as.
in&pectors.XIcense fee to toe abolished
until -certificate. carries guarantee of
competency,       ' ' .
No.  10—tfhot- .we   discourage  the
practice of bonuslng for immigrants,
Municipal Administration
■No. 11—Ariiendmonts tq the city act.
Stride out all of section 112, clause 4,
page 26, revised statutes,
(A)—"If voter does not vote for full
numtoer of candidates for -nin. office
that he Is entitled, his,-ballot, will be
void, so far as It relates to that office, ,and will not 'be counted for any
of the candidates for that office.."
(B)—Section 321. Payment, of poll
tax to register the porson for whtom
such tax is paid, on voters* list nuto-
(O-HExoiaptlon from Income tax to
toe raised from $1,000 to $2,000.
Free Labor Bureaus
No. 12—Establishment of free labor
.bureaus tn all cities ot tho provinco
and prohibition of prlvato employment
bureau b.
No. 13—Weekly payment of (wages
In curroncy lnstoad of choque.
No. 14—Union label on all govern-*,
mont printing to bo made compulsory
by law.
No, IB—All material used In tho
construction of public buildings shall
bo manufactured tn this province
whoro possible
Ask fer Lafllslatlon to Rsoulate tho
Employment of Children Under 16
Veer* of Age—Rigid Enforcement of
the Factory Legislation.
RiWtrWA,   Rflnk.,   Nov,   1<V—NoipTP.
•entatlvos of tho labjr unions mot
with Uio mfulatera of the SaskMch*
wan Rovftramont thin rooming and
won* aocorrtod n cordial rocepMoti, M
a rotult two moro conferences will be
held wHh thft mtnlirt-w of ntrrlcnliiiro
Hon. Mr, Molhorwcl), and -tho mlolttor
or municipal affaJrs, Hon. Goo. Lang*
, The following domanda ware pre.
son tod:
No l-*An aot to- govern the oper*
tion of street railways In Saskatchewan, 'i
No. 8-CaauaHy Inaurance undor
government control for Mnptor6t on-
Utlwi to uom-iMnofitlon under the Ma*
kalehewan compensation act, to bo administered by « commission appolntc«l
by the government.
No. 3—An art to rcgu!nt« the employment of children undor sixteen
your* of ago.
How   About   Your
Noted doctor* lmvo Bald that houue-
worlc Is tho .bust form of phyilcnl
txtrrclio for womon-*for It not only
Tho htintthy woman KNJOY8 lirr
liousuwork—she tokos pleasure In )(«<h>'
Idk things spick and spun—and It costs
her practically no effort to do ao—he-
causti tllxa Is HEALTHY.
Aro you healthy? Do you find your
housework pleasant and Invigorating?
Or do you dread ft ihwnuae you don't
ftiol "Just rljflU"? That "don't feel
Juit right", sensation may NOT bo
worth imttltiK a, doctor about*-4>ut It in
a nretty certain Indication that you
am suffering from Indigestion, Con*
stlpatlon, Biliousness or Dyspvpata,
Next time you don't (feel "Just rlfl-hr
Just try 18 drops or Mother RelgeVa
Curative rtyrup. fc-uu'n xrt tenet—>
Jkuiokiy.    ' L
England has TESTED and PROVBN,
for over to years, ita worth. There It
Is recognized as a standard remedy.
1* In nlmn*t ipuwJy hertml—Natiir*'«
own remedy for disordered stomach.
ITU'.* UM*   TiU.l«U* 50c
Tou can g#t Mother SetgeTjs Cur-v
;lv* Syrup at x
, 'LONDON, Xov. ' 8.—By a clever
stratagem, which hoodwinked the
Igrge force of police sent to prevent
her from speaking, Mis3 Sylvia Pankhurst was enabled to announce tonight
at the Bow Baths, in the Bast End of
London, the formation of a volunteer
corps, organised -under command of
Captain Sir Francis Vane, a Boer war
veteran, .for the protection of militant
suffragettes and labor unionists.
•Miss Zelie Emerson, of Jackson,
Mich., presided over the gathering.
Just before the meeting was called to
order, it was announced that George
Lansbury, former Socialist-member of
•Parliament, and,a warm supporter of
the militants, was surrounded hy police. The' crowd rushed from the
•Baths aud found a large number of
'foot and mounted police around Lang-
bury, with a taxicab in front of the entrance. ■ '
Mr. Lansbury arrived on the scene
and was uproariously greeted as he
entered his home.. The report was
spread that the (preparations portended the arrest of Sylvia Pankhurst. *
Ruse Effective
The lights in the house were extinguished and suddenly a woman rushed
from the doorway and sprang into the
taxicab, which, surrounded hy mounted police, proceeded to Bethnal Green.
Then 'Miss Daisy, Lansbury, daughter
of tho ex-Socialist member, stepped
out, much to the discomfiture of the
^Meanwhile Miss Pankhurst entered
the Baths (practically unobserved. The
only disorder was caused by an attack
by the .women on a few reporters
whom they suspected of being detectives. Miss Lansbury and Sir Francis
Vane followed Miss Pankhurst to the
platform. (The 'Boer veteran explained
that he proposed to organize a labor
training corps.
With Veteran Officers
' 'The general 'Staff of the organization
TvJ'll be drawn from officers who have
seen service. Men and women are eligible for tjie ranks.
• Miss Pankhurst said the plan was
based o?i the Ulster model, and she expected the same immunity from Government interference as is enjoyed by
Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster leader.
When Miss Pankhurst left the meeting she was surrounded by a bodyguard of East Londoners and made
her escape "after a lively fight with
the police, who were compelled to
draw their clulbs. j
, The 'crowd retaliated ,with stones '
and several of the belligerents "were
injured, among > them ■' Miss Emerson,
who was knocked down and bruised
aiboui-the head. She too'escaped0ar--!
rest, .being carried away by sympathizers.
\. Cazier, of Cardston, Says the HIII
Company.Has $200,000 Invested in a
Mine South of Pincher Creek—Road
Will Leave Main Line at Cut Bank,
Montana, and.Touch Cardston.
."Jim Hill has not spent' $200,000
buying and developing coal lands just
south of Pincher Creek for nothing.
He will be into Southern Alberta next
■spring, with the Great .Northern, and
after touching Cardston \yill run northwest to his corfl mine, thence through
to Pincher Creek. ' Free coal is what
he has-been waiting for."
• A. Cazier, of the Cazier Construction.
Co.,-Cardston, is in the city today, and
'the above Is'his summing up of,'the
Great Northern situation, as it appliesi
to'Sunny Southern Alberta. He looks
for a start on construction next spr'.ng
without any doubt.
Tho Hill interests will Ibuild first
to the coal fields. ,'Having established
Itself firmly and built up a good business in that direction, tho next fnovt.
will be to Lethbridge nnd Calgary.'
Mr. Cazier states that a;. Grent
Northern engineer wa« responsible foi
the Information that the H1I1 road had
spent nearly a quarter of a million
dollars developing coal properties
south of Pincher Creek, and that these
ar© now ready at any tlmo to yield ah
enormous tonnage.
Mr. Cazier Is naturally interested
In tho rumors about tho road, siAd iho
other 4ay mado a trip from hts construction camp on the United.. States
reclamation projeot across the lino
from Gnrdston to tho v route of tho
road. Tho iprollmlnary' survey was
made a couplo of yenrs ago, .but during
tho past year a survey party hn« boon
ovor tho grade, nnd It Is now established permanently.
Outbank will bo tho ipolnt on1 tho
main lino of tho G. N. It. whoro tho
branch into Canada will como off. The
road runs In a northwesterly dlreotlon
crossliiB Hall's Couleo In Montana,
nnd coming through what Ih known, ns
Whisky Gap In tho Milk Hlvor rldgo nt
the boundary, olghteon .miles oast of
Cardston. Prom tlint point It runs to
CairdBton, thonco to tho conl flolds,
and on to Plnchor Creole,
Owing to his cloxo connection with
construction .projocts, M'r. Cnzlcr ImB
gathered a lot of Information about
the proposed road, and fools assured
tlmt Cards!on pooplo aro not going to
bo disappointed this tlmo, Mr. Cassler
Buys that there la also a likelihood
that tho O. N. n. will build across
country from Mldvale on tho G. N. H.
to Cardston, twenty-eight mllos.
Work ou tho big .Milk Hlvor lrrlgn<
tion projoct |» making good headway,
About throo hundred mon and ono
hundrod nnd fifty teams are now omployod. Thoro Is no frost in tho
ground yot, nnd work will bo prose*
cutod for tho remainder of tho month.
A -proas dispatch roads: Sovoral
were klllod In nn explosion nt Ilngd-nd:
end odds "thoy wero only workman,"
Moro trifle.
Mr. J. Cartlidge
Teacher, of Piano
and Organ
Specialist In Tuning
& Pianola Works
Atiply fur ti ru,>< !•»
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St
We have pleasure this week
in announcing prizes in connection with our competition.
Only residents of the Camps
named are eligible to participate
for these prizes.
Prizes for the other Camps will
be announced next week
List of Prizes
Coal Creek
$20 Prize
Splendidly Trimmed Hat supplied by Mrs. TODD.
$15 Prize
$25 Heater - Range
' Supplied by TRITES-WOOD CO.
$10 Prize
Coleman & CarbondaSe
$18.00   Power Washing
Given by H. G. GOODEVE CO.
Bellevue, Hillcrest, Frank,
Maple Leaf, Passburg
$20.00 Suit
Given by J. H. NAYLOR, Bellevue.
$20.00 Order on Store
Given by T. H, BURNE1T, Bellevue.
$16 Tea Set
Given by A, I. BLAIS, Prank and Bellevue.
$15 Heater
divon by STEPHEN T. HUMBLE, Bollovue.
$10 Prize
Supplied by PRANK WINE & LIQUOR 00;
Thoso prizes will bo displayed in Iho various
cstabhshodnionts, No. vuIuh—tliiHt a gift.
For tho rosidonts of tho iiliovomuntionod camps
only.      /,' '
Read Conditions Carefully
Save all hoadings.   Kiicli hDadir.i? has a
,MVf>«<r»t<l   nii-is-vlmi. ft*.     11 V        "" 1
*...*., i...i   .,i.„f,^t. ill  mt  jil.i.iuu     >1-V'4iU4iiL'     Ml     tfi (J
JiigJ)ci-i total when huwWa uixi h.],k_\ lugisther,
wo award first prizo in ouch uamp; to tho porson
sending in second highest, bccond prize and-so on.
To explain:   Thoro will bo somo vory high mini-
\\r*t*a   iiiii} it v«n ini tiA.i-il.lft f,, .'    ..  ,. •,}    i
headings, if tho numbers aro high enough, to beat
tho man with two dozen headings, Tho prizes go
to tlie person with the highest tot/il when tho number.s on thoir headings are added together.
for other Camps
next week V\7-A
... -,-.-.
'- (■■■   "
.- .. -----
\f< ■
*. »»wsW^.».*^*ts3«*^^
■■ \ - ,-;.j--..--.'.:.   ■'       : f    - a,'--*-, v ' :•■;;■ j't-.■'<}/y^yj
11* Lv *'
■ Nr
•r \
I sii
1 ■)?<■.
j. *'*.
If v   ■
J' '
lrf, '
If    *■!
\fj .    ■
Ir . ..• -.4
ly-.*.'- ■*,"
W- :"'■■
■ » ■*■*;. *  -sr* ,
•'i*.:VJV ',-    7.» ■-."■*■
*.    -^
"   efte listrlci €th^A ;'"-''
Published every Saturday morning.at its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. . Advertising rates on application. _ Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District, Ledger.
P. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
On pages three and four of this issue will be
found a full report of this eas'e, President Smith's
arguments with authorities and exhibits, and the
chairman's findings,' together with the plans specially prepared by thc President for this case. The
whole forms a valuable record for future reference.
The case for the miners was prepared witli painstaking thoroughness, and every authority and precedent' produced, weut further to show how just
the case for the men was.
AVhile not caring to handle the chairman too severely, we have, however, occasion to criticize in
particular, one paragraph of Mr. Muir's finding, in
1 which he makes the following comment: "	
1ml I notice that lliese adjudications took place before the date of the agreement in question, therefore it was a matter which had been a dispute before the agreement was .'entered into."
AVe must admit to some little mystification in regard to this portion of his ruling, but are bound to
- believe lhat he is sufficiently acquainted with the
English language to understand that it is a tacit
denial of precedent or prevailing conditions. Now
Mr. Muir is kn-own^m-his profession as a King's
Counsellor, and that being tlie case, surely he is
familiar with the oath taken, we believe, by all
judges in the' British Empire—"To do right to all
manner of people after the laws and usages of this
realm." A literal interpolation of the word "usage" would be "established-mode of procedure."
Just what mental gymnastics the chairman performed in framing this portion of bis finding, we
do not know, nor would we care to venture a guess.
'"When the existing agreement was drawn up between District 18, TJ. M. W. of A., and the Coal
Operators, every party to the agreement knew and
recognized; that prevailing conditions, when not
otherwise stated or altered, should remain. It is
the most puerile nonsense to state that "these adjudications took place before the date of the agree-
JUieutJZ jfoivthejf act,_that._t*hey IlAD_taken_pl ace. and_
WERE RECOGNIZED, was the reason that they
wore riot enumerated. ■•   -       .
•"Were it not for the injustice of such a finding
and the far-reaching effect it will and must have
upon the mine workers both at Coal Creek and at
Michel, the matter might be treated as a farce. ■
Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 5, 1913.
To the Officers and''Members-of the United Mine
' Workers of America—Greeting:
The tellers have counted the votes cast in accordance with the circular-sent out recently requesting
the- membership lo vote*, as to whether or not the
assessment of 50 cents pen.month per member
should be. continued and the result shows that the
vote is overwhelmingly in favor of the Board's re-;
commendation; that the assessment be continued
until tlie strikes in Colorado, Vancouver Island;
West Virginia and elsewhere are brought to a suc:
cessful termination. . , ;■
In accordance therefore with the vactiou of the
membership you are hereby notified that'tlie assessment is continued and will remain in force until
further notice. We assure you that as soon as tbe
strikes above named are settled tlie assessment will
be discontinued—due notice of which will be sent
each local union secretary.
The action'of the membership "of our great organization in voting to continue this assessment will
have a splcndidjnoral effect and will bring good
cheer to the homes and hearts of the men, women
and children engaged in this great industrial straggle in Colorado' and elsewhere.   Yovir action is a
splendid exhibition of the loyalty which you owe
to each other and will no doubt goa long'way in
bringing about a speedy settlement.   The total vote
for and against -the continuation of the assessment
will be sent to each local union within the near future, just as soon' as the same is totalled. '
.    Fraternally yours,
JOHN P. 'WHITE, President.
FRANK J. HAYES,' Vice-President.
,.'WILLTAM GREEN, Secretary-Treasurer.
• This week we have added some $80 to our prize
list, which will be applied to Fernie, Hosmer and
i Coal Creek.  It has been decided to try and arrange
a concert to tako plaee around next pay day in the
, j Grand Theatre, when the. prizes will be distributed
jtfl tlie successful contestants.   The proceeds of tho
j concort will be donated to the children of the slrik-
iing minors on Vancouver Island.
\: Tho management of the Iais have also agreed lo
'give tho proceeds,of ono night's show to tho ehil-
'dronwid wo intend giving away several,prizes on
that night as an additional attraction.
.   Look out for special announcement and save your
In this week's issue, we;ar.c -providing our readers with a 12-page paper, and, as the type used .is
smaller, than heretofore, we are justified in saying
that this is the largest paper issued from this office, or to be strictly correct, contains more reading
matter than any previous edition. This being the
case,.the next concern is whether the reading matter is of such a nature as to appeal to all our read-
el's.   OC this, they must be the judges. -
Some two week's ago, we suggested that those of
our readers of more advanced thoughts should contribute to the columns of this paper," having in view
at the lime the fact'that the Western Clarion, one
of the best educational mediums of the country,
wasi supported, wholly, we believe,' by voluntary
contributions.,,,    ' . /       ,,
■ To this suggestion; or request, we haye so far received not a single reply. It. is not fair, .however,
to judge the workers .of this District too harshly on
account of-what may -appear to be indifference.
The positionof a_publication at tbe Coas_ysyery^
different from that of a journal in these parts: The
former place, by reason of its-location, attracts the
bulk of intelligent workers, and consequently finds
a corresponding amount of matter in the shape of
contributions and subscription- service.    . '
The object of the above statement isnot apologetic, but Biriiiply to point out that sufficient space
is available in the Ledger—and so long as wc fire
connected with it, there always will bc—to.provide
educational matter for "those who require it—and
everyone requii'es it—while those who look for the
local and camp notes need not be disappointed.
But, and-to the point, if you are not-getting all
you require, please come forward with suggestions
and criticisms. Let us know What you find lacking, and state in' the plainest language what you
want.    i       •
After this woek wo shall endeavor to give n 1,0
or 12-page paper right along, set in close typo. Con:
Iribulors can assist us to a great extent by sending
in cuttings and original nrticles, while thc critic cnn
■assist, with his -criticisms and suggestions. It's your
paper; let us 'hear from you.
,.,0has:.-;R.i<!liards<)n'tin<j family have
gone tp Beaver. Oreek, where they, intend to spend' the winter.
. Eric -Pearson,- olvH,illcre^t, was ih
town-on-Thursday last saying goodbyes -tb'his'inany friends prior to leaving for the'-Qld Country.
. J. B.LHario6r was a ..business visitor
to .Bellevue'and Maple Leaf on Mon^
day._        ,•  •' ..:.'   ■..   .
J.% Fnrshohg-. who came to town
from Cran-brook last- Tuesday, has removed to .Bellevue, where lie lias opened, up a first-class barber shop. ■,
Red coats and blue bonnets were
the ..fashion in • Blainmore on Friday,
that .being the uniform of the Juvenile
Bostonians, who:had thp great-privilege of iparading Blalrniore's new cement sidewalks. .
', W. John-sou, of -Hillcrest, was in
town on Saturday last;
Mr. and,Mrs. H. M. Bennett received
a visit from the stork on Friday -morning laBt, who left with them a fine
.Mr. and IMrs.. Wm. Robinson, of Bur-
mlsr were in town on Friday last. Mr.
and Mrs'. Robinson, who for the last
thirty ye'ars have -been residents.in
the "Pass, chiefly residing at their
large ranch north of Burmis, have decided, to take a prolonged trip to the
Old Country and visit tlieir former
homes. They left by the noon train
on Monday.
' The dance given at the Rocky Mountain Sanatorium on Friday nigtot last
was a huge success, dancing continuing into the early part of Saturday.
■AValter Hobklrk, of the F. M,'
Thoimpson €o., .was visiting old friends
in Macleod last week end.    . *
1 At the Opera'House on Saturday
night on.e of the best films on the road
was displayed, entitled, "Frenzied, Fi-
Mr. and Mrs. F, JI. Thompson have
removed from' their apartments over
the store to the new townsite, occupying the house of P."M. Pinkney,' which
r was recently -moved from Frank. We
understand that o\f-ing to the increased business of the, F. M. Thompson
Co. they are obliged, to use the upper
storey of their .large store as a' stock
room,-'' -      "      " ^   '
0 Jlrs. J. J. Thomas, of Frank', was iii
BQairmore on Sunday. - Mrs.' Thomas
lias for the last three months been
living in 'Pocahontas,' where Mr. Thomas has a iposition of fire boss in the
mine there. '
Joe Grafton was in from Bellevue on
Monday last,  .
Mr.,and iMrs. J. W. Gresham,-paid a
visit t-o Bunmis on Saturday to.w'isli
Bill and Jlrs. Robinson God-speed, aud
a happy, time in their trip lo old Eng-'
land.     ' '      -   -,
The Juvenile Bostonians were again
highly -appreciated by a record house
on Thursday night. -  ' ■ .   „    -
.We congratulate Miss Nora Lees on
her heading the .list- of candidates' In
the- Thompson-iBartlett' piano contest
up to' Nov. 6th: We hope to see Miss
Nora still heading the list on the,next
publication' of the standing of the candidates. "
.R. M.jBrisco's large stock-reducing
sale will run on for an* indefinite pe-
formerly stated. ' .-
■The 'hockey -players and all skaters
wfMir a smile now as thoy -pass the
Cosmopolitan, for on the opposite side
of the'street the fence is gradually
rlpin<» around the plot of land which
has ibeen levelled off to hold Mie ice'
of what will -be the best skating rink
ever buht in Blai.rm.orfe. The rink will"
be run'under the management of the
Blairmore Hockey, team. ,.  .,
Joseph Vassar, who was,run over on
the C, P. R, track last week, ls pro-
grepslng favorably*        '      l'   .
-MIsb Mary Sunstrum, who until recently waB <jur local telephone apent,
left for Calgary on the noon train Monday,, where she will spend, u few weeks
with her motlier and slater.
", A runaway'occurred In the yard of
the McLaren's Lu/mber mill on Wednesday afternoon, when the team owned by Fredi Wolstenholme, of Bollevue,
took frlglit -at somo unknown- cause.
The team started off at a -good pace,
and after running about the length of
tho yard camo In- contact with a tele-*
graph ipolo, smashing the tongue of
the wagon to splinters nnd making a
nasty wound ln a kg of ono of tho
horses, The horse ,wns lirought to
Blairmore, whero Dr, Sawyer attended lt, nnd was afterwards able to
mnko the journey to Hsllevue,
Tbe Ladles'-GuM of- Christ Churoti
will meet at "the" home of Mrs;. Dack
on Wednesday, Nov.-.l"9tK;"at 3.30.-: '
" The. ladlesi of the";Holy,- Family
Church 'gave a card party and .dance
in the parish hali;oh! Tuesday evening
It was';weU:patronl'zed and a-most-enjoyable Urn©: was "spent.'    -.     -..-■ :
The regular.monthly-"tea.of tiie\Aid*
Society of,Knox. Church MilFtoe held
at the (hoine'ot Mrs. Todd; over■ the
new store; on Tuesday afternoon/Nov.
18th," from...4 to 6.-/   ' ■ 1 *, \'
.Mr. Percy Lewis,";an.employcS.of the
Co-operative, and.Miss,Annie Phillips
were married -on*. Wednesday evening
at the Phillips residence, Macpheraon
Avenue, Iby Rev; D/M^ Perley.
We regret to,.learn tbat Mr. Fred
Stark, the managerSbf the Crow's Nest
Trading Co., will Qiave to go to Rochester, N. Y.; to undergo another operation for appendictis.-. It is only'a few
weeks- since "'Mr: Stark'.was operated
on for the malady in the local -hospital,
and we trust that this latest treatment
will  prove  permanently satisfactory.
s There,will be a meeting of the Hockey Club in -tire .Waldorf Hotel on Sunday, afternoon' at 3 o'clock; business,1
election of officers and. discussion of
program,,etc:, for the coming season.
It Is hoped that everybody intere'ste'd
in hockey and those wlho are eager to
see tlie local .boys come out' on top
again, this /winter -will be' on hand to
boost our national winter sport along.
The Ladies', Guild bazaar to be held
in..the -basement of the Church on Friday and Saturday, Dec. 5th and 6th,
promises to be-quite unique,. Great
attention has been given to the'decora-
tions, the tea. room to be decorated in
Old Japanese -blue. .The fancy, work is
varied and .beautiful and also all kinds
of novelties, brass and mahogany
trays, hand embroidered underwear,
centrepieces, dressed -dolls and kitchen
aprons, etc, All to be priced very seasonably. -
Now is the time to bake your Christmas cake and-to make your puddings
aud mincemeat, if you want same to
be thoroughly seasoned, and to get
perfection in quality and full richness
in flavor you want to put the best fruit
and spices obtainable in them. The
Co-operative Stores this 'morning .'received a large shipment of the choicest dried fruit it is possible to procure
all in conveniently sized packages ajid
thoroughly cleaned ready for use.. l -,
■Mr. Tom Martin, who has ibeen associated-with the I. C. S. in Ferhie'for
the last two years'and a resident here
for the past six years, has been ap-'
-pointed to the Lethbridge commission,
and will in future reside in that city.
Mr. Martin's territory will cover, West
to Coleman, South to Magrath, Eastlo
Taber -and North to Carmangay and
Staveley.' He will open up all this new-
ground, and we have every reason to
'believe- that he .will be every bit as
successful in that part of the country
as he has been here. Mr. Tom Grif-
-fiths-j (Who lias been associated with
•M.r. 'Martin in Fernie .for two years,
will -remain in charge here. \ His territory, will include all towns South to
and including Kalispell, Mont, and
East and West from Crow's Nest to
Kootenay Landing on the C. P. R.
Local-Union 1189, DlstM-VU.TUUW,. A:
,, Coalhurst P.- 0.,vMta'., Novell, 1913.
To.-A.. J. Carter,^ / X 7 ■*, -,-c - --'.:.
!.'Sec,-fTreasurer, Disi';18,:U;,,M;;'W. A:!
'. Dear:'Sir and Bro.,—I-jbeg -to-lriform
you of my -withdrawal 'from -tiie .list .'of
candidates *for Sub ' District- Board
•Member, My .reason for:so doing is
due' to a call I, have received from
'homo, ' >My -wife's', .•health has .broken
down," and she has ibeen ordered into
•the inflrmafy to" undergo a .surgical
operation,', and, owing" <to the serious"
.nature'of the case," it is felt advisable
for me -to-be-home beforo that takes
ariace/l-1 -need scarcely say "that I feel
it any'dnty itodo'so. Had these cir-
-cumstajioes '■ not- arisen,' I certainly
would have .been running as a1 candidate for said Board, but as it is I have
no other option but-' to withdraw.
riWishlng ,-the cause of the TJ.- M. W.
of A. every suocess and prosperity,
v • •  .  .Yours fraternally, .
-•' JOS. WILSON, Rec. Rec.
No\C; 12, .Cavino'Elostroi-'- age.dy-235"\'
TFuneral ,-takea^place ;f rom-the jRomaa J;
Catholic"Church on Sunday at. 3 p.m.,,-.
?vV-Tr''-'':>■"•.y-" ■'.■•' -.-;," -:;"*!'•■:"
a7stys'-- ■■ t:bornv ■".-;^ • -; -v.
' -- " - --.'.''"- -\-.t ■--»>,-/- '    -•    ■*■   A '-
• Nov. 12; to.Mr. and Mrs.-Bergman,'a'.'•
daughter," stillborn; "*. ; ■ ;**,-  '
Nov, J-'O, to Rev. and Mrs. McQuanle,.
a daughter,^stillborn. ••'-"...''•"" -y- ",,, -j
•■j i
The nomination of officers ln the
above lodge for the ensuing term takes
place .next Wednesday, and It is -hoped
that there will be a full attendance' of
members so that the election of offlc-'
era may toe as representative as possible.-  . ," . , , ■
On Wednesday, Nov.. 20th, a social
will be held and the lodge will be open
at usual time). 7.30.
■ .Fernie' theatre goers are certainly
lucky in -having, the cbance of always
seeing the be3t and latest moving pictures. Mr. G. M. Miller, manager of
the -Isis,- always catering to the -public
good, has just installed the,very last
in moving picture machines,'and, if dt
bB possible, vthe .pictures in future-will
be better than heretofore.; The features shown^are right up^to-date, the
show lasts almost two hours, and the
program is changed dally. ' This Isis
really needs no eulogy, at speaks for
itself,- but dt is'qulte safe to say .that
on© could -scarcely, spend two hour®
more profitably, or to better' advantage educationally, than .by dropping
in at the Isis any evening between 7.30
and: 9.30/ .   N   ■       '  "   ,
, Invitations have ibeen issued for a
masquerade ball, to" be- held 'at ;thV:
home'•■ of^.tMr."  and   Mrs,'-" Sherwood*.
Herchmer on the. evening of- NOv. -27;>
,   - '   A      "''     ' "A ••*'•'*' >•_•    v;'     ','. ,'  ti, ,
.  >For first-ciass Taxidermy work, •
mounting//anything from a snake' -
to aii elephant", call or write     .., ■ ■
'"   .'C'RBECE"",''--V
P. O. Box 9 West Fernie
", .-*■?     ■ "   "
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
FOUR ROOMED HOUSE -1^ roar of ■
68 McPherson Ave.; for rent*;. -has
city  water, and   toilet.    Apply  68
McPherson Ave. , .   106!
MINERS LOOK—-Every man who has
. a wife should also have a home on;
a fruit farm In Creston.   You can ■
buy as good land as there Is in B.
C. from R. Lamont,'Creston, B. C.
Only small payments required.   82
Sunday, .11 a.m., subject, "The most
startling, announcement In history";
7.30 p.m., subject, "What is is?"; 2.30
ip.m., Sunday school-. Tuesday. 8 -p.m.,
Y. P. Club. Wednesday,' 7.30 p'.'m.,
prayer meeting. Friday, 8 .p.m., choir
■practice.. Everybody welcome.' W. J.
McQuarrie, B. A.,' minister.
FOR SALE—Furniture and house' furnishings. J, I. Macdonald, corner
Macpherson and Rogers St.-     "- 95'
.  book-keeper requires situation; considerable experience in law offices.,
' "Apply Box 380.   , ,'   ,    rCS,
FOR  SALE-^Pure bred White  Leghorn roosters at $2.50. eaeb.   Apply
■ J. .McLougMlivWest Fernie.      102
FOR SALE—15 volumes History of
the World; $12,00. • W. Stirrup, 72
.Mason Avenue. ■ 109 .
' expenses for trustworthy man or wo- -■
man to act as travelling representa--
tlve; rapid 'promotion; previous ex-,
.perlence unnecessary; commence in
-home territory:   Winston* Co., Ltd.,
Toronto, Ont. ,, '     110
at once. Apply C. E: Collatt, 36 Dalton Avenue. -    ■   ' 112
Tlie   Misses
Dressmakers   and   Costumiers
Ball Dresses  a Speciality
Special Saturday Matinee and Evening-
THREE REELS - A thrilling drama. by the Great Danish Producers, The Great
Northern Film Co.   We show Features from the World over. ■  .  .
Wedneeday, November 19
>       Be Sure to See
3 Reels A story of tho Canadian North-West   3 Heels
Friday, November 21 ■ v ,
.   ' 8 iReels   A mystifying story of tho Orient   8 Reels
Tho many unsolicited compliments from -PEOPLE WHO KNOW provos that wo aro putting up tho
•groatost over
We make a Special Feature of Furs, and when
we sell you Furf we guarantee same as represented
Genuine Mink, Fox,
Wolf, Rat, Marmoty
and Sauirrel Furs*
Mrs. E. Todd
FemieV Premier Rffllmeiry Parte
Se® ©mar
We  have  the greatest
range to select from,
Furs from $1.00
to $250 per Set
♦ft TR\ TW /flNfl Tl TTO rf* /fhTWW fff-VRS fl*
m®i& week
Ae LataD:
t*9\*vnr*\   ^\\\*t\ ****-. rift noo
VkuU'v*   WDMU<U>'tf-J Uii
Our stock, consists of the
choicest and latest models
in the millinery world.
Positively the best selection in Fernie
Fur & Velour    j
Felt & Silk        I
Will make to order, Hats
From $3. OO to $1S0
See our latest Millinery
' Y rt    i4
•■IT :   -——^' ',.^-r*»«".y^- X^X<^XXA-AAX^AXA--x   ,; XaX: 7, , . ■ ^ ff^^JmfttlB
"^~ ">.* ■-**.   ?
IA'.  ,'.;.{, ,* ' .„ X--    •.'<, ' ;   7 :;•;'    "r"-.     >"V \**A „  X   '■* '.   ■ 77 . -V-"'^    " T^\V***»*¥***»^*»»»*-»V<*M ¥»»¥■*¥»»■*■**>*»-»
. ~    / •' '    'i     •-*,
■ "IT ~** I
We specialize in GBOCEKIES,  and
v >■
All our newn goods have arrived, have
been unpacked and placed on our
shelves. We, are ready, to replenish
the Housewife's larder with, every-
;   thing of the best quality
: A^Califopnia  Orchard in  Your Kitchen
Haying plenty of California' Fruits
handy in^ your kitchen is like having
a California Orchard at your finger
ends    .      . ■ '" ' *
Libbys Rose-Date Fruits, Royal Anne
Cherries, Apricots, Peaches, Pears
We.handle the following brands' of I*i6ur
Royal Household, Robin Hood & Five Roses
Thos. M. Btirnett
Two Branches
See   Our    Heading   Competition   on   Page   3
Groceries, China
Sc Glassware
A Handsome Tea Set
Watch this Space,
our window
Special Announcement next week
(See our Heading Competition on page 3)
Comrade "Bob" Walker,'of Vancouver Island, will speak on the Material^
1st Conception of History-In the Hall
at 3 oclook on ,pay day, Saturdav af-'
ternoon, and will stay amongst ua for
a few days for the purpose of -reorganizing tihe S. P. of C. local and bf etorf
tag. a- class In economics.
Mr. Charlie Gallmore, of Cranbrook
was In camp this week visiting his
brother, Mr. William Gallmore
James Cardie met with a slight am-
cident while following his occupation
as miner at No. 2 mine. He Had several ribs .broken. His many friends
nope for a speedy recovery.   .
Tie officials.of the Bellevue mine
are to be congratulated on the big output of October. They broke all pre.
vious records by quite a lot, the total
being over fifty thousand tons for the
"Bob" Walker was In camp this
week and gave a very Interesting talk
?.H 3\ Vancouver Island situation.
Bob had his subject well in, hand
and those who heard him were well
satisfied. The crowd was not as large
.as it might have 'been bad he come
the night -he was billed, tout owing to
some -unforeseen trouble he arrived on,
Thursday instead of Friday and quite
a crowd of the .boys were disappoint*
.' A crowd of the young people .went
■to Burmis on Friday to take'in the
dance there.-
_ Miss McRury, who was on the teaching s;taf.f here some time ago, .but now
of Fernie, was in 'camip this week, the
guest of iMrs. Byia. '.
Mr. Frank Boasley, accompanied -by
Walter Miller and'James Varley, went
on a shooting trip ito North Fork this
week. The boys'have visions of venison steak.
The dance in'tie Lyric Theatre Saturday night. , The music was supplied
'by tlie Lyric orchestra. There will be
a'dance every Friday night after the
show for the small sum of 50 cents,
Ev6ry Thursday,, night in the future
will be amateur night and anyone
•wishing to enter can do so toy seeing
the manager, Mr. Johnstone.
_ Mr. James Fisher, Socialist organizer, was in camp on Monday and gave
tin address in front of the Southern
Hotel. iThere .was a good crowd present and the -best of order prevailed.
Jim is a good 'speaker and those who
didn't hear lilm missed a treat.
Fred Padgett has ibeen transferred
to No. 2*mine as timekeeper and Mr.
Keekie takes his place at No. 1 office.
■Mr. Wallace Raynor. was a -Medicine
Hat visitor .last week, .returning on
Messrs. >Gallimore, Goodwin and
Turner rendered "Drifting"-as a .male
trio on Sunday night in the Methodist
"Church". ltTwa's much appreciated. ^
Mr, David Davidson .expects to move
into his new home on Friday.
Married, in Bellevue,, on Monday
evening, November 10th, 'Margiierita
Yanin, of Italy, to Mr. Lulz Comin, of
Bellevue. • Rev. W. H. Irwin officiated.
Mrs, Murphy, of Michel, was a Bellevue ^visitor last week.
■Don't forget the dance ln the Work*
ers' Hall on "Nov. 21 under the auspices of the Bellevue Band. There ts a
good time for you If you come.
A man was hurt while walking down
the C. P. R. track at Bellevue but ihis
Injuries wero not serious and -after
being fixed mp <by Dr. Moore ho was
taken to Ills home.
Don't forget .the sale of boots and
shoos at Naylor'a on pay day.
Thore was a .meeting of the -Skating
Rink committee in tho Eagles' Hall on
Tuesday night, business toeing tho new
site for rink.
,A. I. Blals .has received a carload of
vegotables 'from Armstrong, B, C.
' Mr. Geo. 'Brown, employed as car*
'Pentor's helper, molt with an accident
on Tuesday by falling some fifteen
feet from «■ '"scaffold. He had several
bones in his ankle broken. It wlll'be
somo considerable time before lie Is
uiblo to work again,
The band will glvo iii concert in the
Lyric Theiutro on Sunday nosct. Fol*
lowing Is tho 'program: March, "8 D
G"; selection, "Louisa "Miller"; aong;
trombone solo, "Death of Nelson";
fantasia, "Gems of tho old days"; cornet duet, "Honest and true"; para-
phraBo, "Dulco Domum."
We then bad our pit committee's report, whlcih wvjoived the airing of a
few,of Our eternal questions for, like
other locals, we have one or two, one
'being the, supplying ofthe miners'
coal. There were many complaints
during the last month of the company
laxity in sending out the coal after orders had .been given as long as three
weeks in some .cases. This occasions
much inconvenience and as the winter
is' approaching the superintendent's
promised attention will ibe very much
appreciated toy those affected
•Another .phase of the coal question
will Ibe presented to tne superintend*
ent during the coming week re a violation of fhe present agreement wliich
says run of mine coal shall be delivered to employes at $2.50 a ton, but
employes who are not living in company houses are now paying $3.00 and
?3.-50 .per ton.
The committee reported success In
getting the make-up for one place
which was not making wages, the
Place toeing .proved abnormal and not
the men..
Next item was to the effect that a
brother who had the misfortune to
break his leg 'before Xmas be given a
light job, but who, .finding it too cold
for the injured member, had asked the
management for "digging." However,
that proved too laborious foi- him and
■the committee have .been given the
task of finding him more suitable employment. Failing that some other action will Ibe taken."
There was another place drawn "to
die local's attention where the pit .boss
insisted on paying contract .prices
where conditions as laid down in our
agreement did not exist. That also
will receive the attention of the pit
The usual measuring committees
Were appointed, also one to collect
statements.   v
, Then came the report of committee
as to conditions re making of a contract for bucking loose coal from, the
'Pillars. The committee, upon investigation, of the places, came to the conclusion that a contract could be made
for the -purpose only of toucking coal
at 75 cents per mine car of three tons,'
and that all work such as breaking
rock and setting of timber, etc., to toe
paid company work. Much discussion
followed, some being of the opinion
that we had a price already fixed on
ting on additional service right across
the road.
To discriminate against the residents of the Conley townsite may
seem good "business to the company
hut it is, to say the, least, rather shabby treatment of those who have stayed with the camp through its many
trials and vicissitudes.
The following figures amply prove
the right of Bellevue to Incorporate,
and we have no doubt that the citizens are as competent, to manage affairs as the (present administration'
Approximate population today, 1500
»iEs^ated total assessment, between
$100,000 and $150,000. •
New four-roomed school house, attended at present toy 125 children. The
school will have to be enlarged next
One chuTch, Methodist denomination.
R. N. W. im. P. barracks.
Sixteen "or seventeen business houses, Including the Union Bank of Canada.
Two halls, one Mine .Workers' and
one picture hall.
Two hotels, the Bellevue and the
The townsite is 'situate about a
quarter of a mile from the Hillcrest
depot, Maple Leaf is distant half a
mile, and Hillcrest about a mile and i
half. The government road' runs right
through the town, which also has a
very fine water supply.
Hitherto, the coal company have
been charging 50 cents per light per
month, tout it is rumored that they intend to introduce a meter-system and
charge 20 cents per kilowatt. This Is
double what Is paid in Lethbridge, 25
per cent more than in Fernie, and we
should not "be surprised to know that
it rivals the rates .prevalent in the
Yukon territory.
that class of work, viz., 43 cents ner  Maokay.
niii*!-™  vn»j       nix*           «   .. .- nu i.
cubic yard. Others were-of the opinion that the aforesaid price, 75c per
mine car, was a fair price if care was
taken in drawing up an agreement. It
■w**p finally decided that a special
meeting of all contract miners take
-Place on Tuesday evening' .at 7.30,
when the question will be finally settled. '
-Will the brother who took the axe
from' the blacksmith sliop at Xo. 2
mine   kindly   attend   next   Sunday's
♦ ♦ •+<**♦«.■*.+.«*>.»..*.
■Miss McRury, of Fernie scliool staff
was m town last week end to attend
the sanatorium dance."
The 'Bohemian  Gymnastic   Society
are announcing a dance for next Monday night to be held In Dials' Hall
< .Mr. aud  Miss Currence. of Clares-
holm, are in town visiting Dr. and .Mrs
Bellovue Looal Notes
m*Geting""ana^¥how reasons^wliv he
should not toe prosecuted? That is the
■line of action which the local' intend
■to take' with all who are found with
another's tools in their possession, as
■the ipractice is becoming far too common.
Will the editor kindly enlighten the
Bellevue subscribers how it Is that the
Ledger does not always reach here on
', (Until other ipostal arrangements
are mado we are sending Ledger to
Bellevue by express, when through
any delay they miss Uie 5.30 p,m. east-
bound at Fernie.—Ed.)  \
IThere are many. Inquiries around
hero as to the saving of'the Lodger
headings. -Will you state definitely
whether there Is.only one number al*
•lowed for each week or not? (Get as
many headings aa you.can; we have
no restrictions in our conditions,—Ed )
Special meeting Nov. 11th to settle
once and for all the question of .buckling tlie loose coal from the pillars on
contract. Regularly moved and ace-"
onded that wo strictly adhere to the
agreement which rends "43c per cubic
yard," Amendment that we accept 75c
■per mine car nnd mnko an agreement
along tho lines suggested toy tlio pit
commute.   Tho motion carried,
Stores at
Otir first a'ttompt at holding our union mootlngs evory Sunday .proved vory
HUccog-uful from ovory .point of vlow,
©specially from number of members
present, and ir tho length of tlmo we
woro In Bosslon Ib any criterion of tho
Uonoflta likely to bo dorlvod from
mooting wookly, wo aw-cly nre pro*
grosBlng an we woro thoro until Blx
o'clock. Most of the buslnosa was
puroly of Interest locally,
Tho first Item of note wn« tho dofor-
rod |toml«od account of the auditors,
As If to compensate for Ub tardiness
it certainly made a vory satisfactory
Mowing, there bolng nn InorenHO in
Moomo nnd a dooronsn in oxponsefi.
Our   Heading;
Contest on pa^c 3
Proprietor,      J. 0; JQHNSTOHB
A nif-fiu, clftiui, coatforUUm
Mil--up-to-date pictures — «x>
pert T»rojftttlon.
A houiw where you cab sMind
the evening ana be sure of corn,
On Thursday last we had the -rtlons-
nro of listening to "llob" Walker, of
Cumberland, Vancouvor, recount the
causo nnd the "progress of tho prosont
strlko on tho islnnd. It wns nn the
"fable ,.ha» it, "Tho inst straw that
'broke tho camol's .back." In this ca»o
it wns tho discrimination Hhown to tlio
gns commlttoo for having oourngo to
truly roport tho finding of gas., Tho
nilners did not have a working ngron.
wont, it wa« left to tho .pit bona to «ay
how much a mnn lind enrned, and If a.
man had a spnrk of unionism in him
ho was paid bo llttlo that It *wa» an
Impossibility for liln^ to live tlioro,
Henco he lind to got out. "nob" cltod
lnoldontB whoro tho rock In botwoon
tho <oal hnd got tlilokor nnd the pay
Iosb, This und many othor things Imd
caused tiie preBont troublo, but now
tlioy woro out for the recognition of
the U, M, \V, of A. ns woll n» that nnd
thoy wero thoro to stay until thoy got
It, and thoy had overy -hopn of doing
»o. It Boomtt strange, does It not, Mr.
Rdltor, that men will slay together for
fifteen moiitlm for that "purpose whon
Individual* will toll you that thoro Ib
no organisation In Canada to which
«h» workers tan ally themselves uith
anv -benefit?
Tho speaker gave a splondld nc-
ftount of how Justice Is haudod out In
white H. C, but that Is common property now. The Hpuakor, In conolu-
»lon, pointed out the neeeNslty. for tho
worker* ©vorywhoro Increasing their
stook of knnwlortiro ho thnt thi*\* wiM
*ont out ttielr, .own salvation.
Tho cltlsons of Delievue are serious*
ly nvn«ld*Mrlng an awlim-Mon for lvi>f***.
noritimn, Tho -prwH-M trefltment they
are receiving from the coal eomptny
not being satisfactory, it Is tho opinion of tradflHmon generally that tho
affairs of the camp could be totter
administered if they wore Invented
with corporate power.
The rwiid(»nt« of Cotttoy tnmtsitt*.
havo -certainly ft very rwl coirwjlstnt
against tho coal company owing <to tho
•tU.ltu-.tt-] ol' Uh» Utu-r on tho *>!<v,trl<,>
light question. Several of tto residents of thft townsite are old tlmpr*
in the amp, having located <h<w
som* t<*n or !»'Mt» yeart ago, put
their money Inw IiubIik-m proposition*
urni niior a u«u of m\oa yaore find
Charles Slopack, a Bohemian bov
who had heen attending school here!
while at recess on Monday with some
other boys started off a C. P. R. hand
car, and "by some means Charles got in
trout, of the car and was run over,
eaving him helpless on. the track. ,The
■boy was taken to the hospital, where
it was .found that his hip was dislocated. The boy is now at his home'getting along well. This little warning
_should_keep _the boys _from the cars
-"tojyt W. TV young performed a marT
■rlage ceremony at llllloresl last Saturday, when Mr. Charles Evans was
married to .Hiss Ada Crossby, of Staffordshire, England.
Miss Janet Steene, of Pocahontas, is
here for an extended visit' to her uncles.
Mr. Palmer is spending several days
in Macleod on business.
'Mrs; Pachera was taken to Uie
'Frank hospital on Tuesday.'
Mra. j.- b. Wilson has entered' the
iUlairmore Enterprize and Thomson
piano contest, and though she hod
scarcely begun work last week was
STO.!11 th0 ll8t of candidates. .Mrs.
W. Milton ls also a candidate.
Mr. A. Brown moved his family res-
dence from Prank to Blairmore dur-
Ing the week.
The night elasseB for those who
■want to learn English havo opened Jn
the school house throe nights each
week, .Monday, Wednesday and Thurs-
day, at 7 o'clock. All who want to
learn English aro Invited to attend.
/There wa.s a largely attended danco
held at Uie sanatorium Inst Friday
.Mrs. Damln- of England, has been
visiting her son horo for n fow weeks
Sho Is touring Cannda giving lecturoH
In the Interests of the Daughters of
tho Empire, a society In teres too In
education. Mrs. Dnmln gnvo Several
nddrosBos In *fcach of tho dt|*»n of tniB
bur window
Watch -This  Space  Next Week
.T)avo BlBBot and Tom Nanson took
a trip to tho South Fork Inst woek ond
dn a door hunt, but (hoy woro not for-
tunnto enough to bug nny game,
Tho haulago crow at tho inlnoB horo
have certainly had a poor weok owing
to tho alteration which Is lifting mndo
to the trackB from tho mino mouth to-
wards tho tlpplo, liowovor, this wook
will aoo everything flxod tin In good
(For further notes soo pugo olovon)
thotr.vrtYfi* «*■!»/ trlttiorit Metric UiiUU
, while *)\t'.t_ "At't-k ihe company it vot-
Mever Again
Much a milo as this. The jilui
knocked from undor high prlc-
o«. Mall order houses undorsold
-ifflotory prlcos ihntUrod,
Head thlB annoii.tcurnont. from
atnrt to finish; it will pay you
handsomely. Text ii,*icli nfat-ti-
mont word for word, nnd what
tnny horo resemble exaggeration
will rouolvo ItHolf Into tho go»p«l
truth. In ord«<r to avoid nil con-
fimloii nnd inlMiindersliniding, wo
nsk you to raid this document
nftti'ri   M-..--...   1...(....  11   ..in
our snlo of this"lmm-mti«*nVtflr?<!
ito Uierw otinmx bo tho slightest
mlstako regarding tli« prices,
etc. Original ticket* remain on
-goods unaltered—:>ir-<» what you
Haw-tins gn!'>r«—-vnnfn« bona
U Js Impossible to <!r>»crl!)o the
many hundred* of different articles t'onta-med In this Htow.
Such prices nm wo <|uot<! cannot
bo called cut prices or reduced
prices, Thst does not fnirly rx>
prow what nn oxtwni'lv nmnll
outlay it will tako Id i-urcliaMi
Wlf entire supply for thr* yoar.
Voui* dollum will i|.t mniin«<
wortr. Cold tyiw rannot e*»|"fi'tii»,
fall-S to detcrlbp value!*,
Stewart Sure SellingService
S*8l!»;r Aft** (A
Stephen T. Humble
$15.00 Heater
We are giving a handsome heater to you free
Ranges, Heaters, Baths
Tinware, Carpets, Guns
Rifles, Paint, etc.
Everything for the home.
A complete  stock and
prices to compare with
Calgary and Winnipeg
Bellevue Hardware Store
See   Our
on na.£re 3
>,'\'ii m: -
W ■
| >{■$>'
i .ij"
*'-. •
If. rv
ER,rPE^NiE,. B. G^NOVE]OERvi5#•1913.,^:'^:^  ,".'-■ ;■ v\   ; \ * . C=>  ' '-'• 'J^;^^5?^'^*^:' '^.^ '.„; iV&fr"^- /TS&-
„ -        *   ^^|L.„_^_^_^_i_lil^^_—_Im^^-.^^^^^m^mw***.*****..*****'************^**'-"*****-***-**'.^ H    «■*»    -J'-"'''^.-^^
Directory of Fraternal
Meets every Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock ln K. P.
Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
Secretary, Ji B. Meiklejohn.
Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays .in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fern-iel Box 657.
Meet every Tuesday at S
p,m. in their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton.
K. of R. S., Chas. Buhrer.
■Jl. of P., Robt. Dudley.
Jleet every  Monday  at
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, f. Uphill.
Secretary, W. F. Vane
By R. Dawson Hall
Synopsis—A gas explosion occurred
at the Cincinnati mine of the "Monongahela River Consolidated Coal &
Coke Co., near Courtney, Washington
County,; Ponn., 'killing 96 men. The
mine had been operated about three-quarters of a'century and had extensive workings.. Many of the men escaped through' an unsuspected avenue
of satfefey, all the,.provided roadways
being blocked .by afterdamp.' ''
Office: Above Bleaedell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue"
FERNIE .     -       -       -       -        B. C.
Barrlster, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F, C. Lawe0
Fernie, B. C.
Alex. I. Fisher
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us,
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriter*
The Cincinnati mine is one of the
oldest in the "bituminous .regions. ■ It
lays along the west or left hank of the
■Monongahela River, just north of .the
town of that name.   The nearest railroad station is Courtney. "A few men
live in a Mock of wood houses .between
the Pennsylvania R, R. (Monongahela
branch) and the river.    But there is
no town near the mine', and the miners in general live in the many villages   near-by,   in    Monongahela,   New
Eagle,   IHvervieror,   Findleyville   and
Gastonville, for at the,,Cincinnati mine
the river rounds shanply against the
hills and makes a steep .bluff, affording little room  for .buildings at its
base and none on its slopes.
A Pioneer Mine
This mine and the abandoned Buffalo workings .adjacent "were opened almost SO years ago. Cincinnati has been
operated   discontinuously   since   that
time, having passed into many different hands, being owned at different
times by the Fitth and Tradesmen's
National Banks, at Pittsburgh, Robert
Arthurs and C. M. Jutte & Co.   At all
times gas .has been found, not in great
quantities, but sufficient to serve as
a menace.   At one time reports aver
that the mine exploded and blew cars
almost across the river, but this accident is said to have occurred 30 years
ago, 'long before the operation came
under the present ownership, and. the
damage was to .property and not to
human life.   According to, report, gas
is occasionally found' in large quantities.   "Nevertheless,   accidents   have
been rare until the present disaster
■wiped out in one catastrophe 96 lives
just at a time when the disaster seemed unlikely to occur.
The -Slope Manway
When C. M. Jutte & Co. still owned
the mine, Henry Louttit, being mine
inspector of the "district, declared that
the escape -of the men in case of an
accident was not sufficiently provided
for and Insisted on a new opening on
Fromans Run, a branch of Mingo
Creek. The count appointed D. :M. Anderson, a coal operator; Henry Cook,
a-miner, and George D. Jenkins, a min-i
ing engineer, to report to the court.
They made an examination Oct. 13,
1893, and declared that a 20-deg. slope
550a ft. long should be constructed to
connect with the surface in Fromans
Run. .By this steep, incline the men
and mules enter the mine, and at its
mouth the mule stable is located. It
Is a .primitive adit such as a company
might be expected to construct under
legal necessity.
Thus,there wefe two entries to the
mine, the level main road with Its rope
Ljianla ir-a_--aiitiQT*in o^hh£^ji|11=,An-^--*\e|f0_+jh*a=
tipple, and the manway about a mile
I away on a small run near the Mingo
school house. By the first, the bodies
were removed, and the rescuers entered tho mine' by thei second. Five
.rescued Inules were driven out of this
opening about 70 hr. aftor the disaster,
looking little the worse for their severe experience.
The Weather Conditions
The explosion occurred about 12.15
In the afternoon on Wednesday, April
23. The temperature was about 80
(leg. F., and the weather had been
warm and, therefore, unfavorable, for
a dust explosion for several days.
Since April 7, the temperature had
not fallen "below 30 deg. F„ though on
April 20 tho temperature fell at 0 a.m.
to the "freezing point. The conditions
did not favor a gas explosion any .more
than ono of coal dust, for the day was
bright and the Ibarometer did not ©how
any marked, decline. I quote the statement of the Weather Bureau:
Barometric Readings at Pittsburgh
Rwilve Ths Ledger don't btamt us.
Date Hour      Inches
April 20       8 a.m.        29.50
8 "p.m.        29 54
April 21..,.        8n.ni,        20.00
8 p.m.        20.14
Aprl'l 22        8 a.m,        29.30
8 p.m.        20.18
April 23       '8 a.m.        29.27
8 -p.m.        29,23
April 24        8 a..m.        20.31
8 p.m. 29.20
Mainly a Gas Explosion
Apparently tho contro of tho explosion wns not, far from tho lifch and Gth
butui out of tho 8th faco. Tlie nwldent
wiib probably, largely a gas explosion,
the vlolonco not bolng groatly Incroim-
od by tliO'Proflonoo of dust, Tho conl
is about 5 ft, thick, increasing In dips
to G or 7 It, Abovo tho coal is about
ii foot of draw slato.which.is hard to
maintain in placo, This slato Is always pullod or shot down. Thus tho
floor normally is covered wJth a. cor.
tain amount of broken rock which mix.
os with tho coal dust.
Tlio vlolonco of tho explosion lias,
as Is u»ual In such cases, boon -oxor-
gorated by tho prosfl. Tho blunt blow
opon tlio explosion doors of tho fat).
Tho doors woro roplacod hy tlio (an
tondcr, mado tight with sacking and
loaded with iron, Tho fun waa in no
way injured, As an ovldonco of vlolonco It Ib said that in tho mino, a lo-
comotlvo wnn blown off tho tmoks,
Thoro wns, liowovor, a groat dail of
afterdamp, which Invaded hoth rooms
nnd bondings, Unfortunately, tho accident occurrod In a hoadlng outby
from tho point whore many men woro
working. Theso mon woro thus penned in .behind tlio clouds of afterdamp,
nnd many moro might hnvo por I shod
had lt not boon for a fortunate clraum*.
Tiie wii.\«i.*<.<;ii iS.it.ii
Throe jiimiltl cnlr'.r1? Tnrmrfl M\v
main approaches io tho ^portion of thfl
mino from which tho bulk of tho coal
was obtained, From right to left
them vera Xo. 7, tho main return, NTo,
R, a motor rond, also sorvlng «« an in-
»'.Vh     tnAAlntt tn t>io Xt*tt -nut nt lli/vm
woro sovoral butt heading*, each providing approach to or-being prepared
to provide Approach to albout. 50 rooms,
Tho taut started was No, 21. Parallel
to tbe faco entries mentioned was N'o.
4 ftteo -entry, and tbo 15th butt head.
tng from this ontry struck ncross tho
tiptv wnrk not far from N'o 21 Imtt
IhwidinK. All Uio work in Xo. 4 face
! was nearly camplftted. The pillars and
stumps tin!) totum largely drawn nnd
extensive caving had tnkf;n place. Yot
through N'o. 18 butt And No. < face,
Arok*: ij und enved as the former was,
many men reached th* t:ut±t:o.
Bhlpp Holmes, a colored man,, was
extinguished-, safety   lamp,   hut   the
other men were in the dark, and, so
five men,' were' .parted from the rest
and .perished.   When the Boss Driver
Todd, discovered   that   Holmes  had
managed to reach the surface by way
of the. far workings of No. 4 face, he
made the trip back* over the ground,
and finding Ediward Furlong and William McDonald, brought them out.  "
Some Individual Experiences „."
Edward Furlong was a mule driver
who worked in tbe 14th entry. , Like
other drivers, he collected. cars from
the room faces' and delivered' them,
near the mouth of the heading- where
it enters 8th face.  "From this'iplace
the cars were removed by a motor.
He used an open -lamp 'when driving
down to N'o. 16 .robin.   At tha!t ipbint
he was in the habit of laying his open
light down and then, taking the safety-
lamp in its place; would proceed down
the heading. • -    - '       ',',..,'■
"At 12.15, on Wednesday, he .was sitting at this No. 16, room, when the explosion occurred/  It rolled him .over
a distance of about 12  ft.' ^Picking
himself up, he went to No. 8 face, and
found all three face headings full of
afterdamp.    He tried to pass In the
direction of the drift mouth hut found
the air terribly foul and-, remembering
his deceased father's oft-repeated admonition, he decided to go only ha'if
as far as he felt was safe so -that retreat would be possible ln case the air
was too foul to (permit his escape by
the regular road.    He  went .only  a
short distance ,and then returned to
the mouth of the 14th butt entry and
finally travelled as far down as butt
entry 21.    McDonald  was with  him
and, as explained, he also escaped, with
the aid of Todd.
.Many of the men were working" ln
No'. 4 face heading and the butt headings ..leading from it These all escaped, as'did also some men, to the
outby of the explosion. One man declared the explosion gave two distinct
thuds. He was standing outside the
mine foreman's shanty and after the
exiplosion occurred he stepped inside
and closed the door. As the foul air
entered through the cracks around the
door, he decided to'leave" and passed
through a rear 'door to the iatake and
thence escaiped.v
Two Rescued After 59 Hours
■The rescue of Charles R. Crall and
Philip Legler aroused hope that many
more men might be saved.,.They were
located in butt entry No. 20 out of No.
8 face heading, after having 'been im-
mured for about 59 hours. They were
taken to the hospital, but they were
soon in excellent condition Jtnd were
ipermitted to go home. Like the other
workers in the headings leading from
No. 8 iface they had. retreated to the
remote workings of the mine after the
explosion, as the air in that direction
was less contaminated.
In all, 96 men were killed either hy
shock, burning or suffocation. Ohe
man was completely decapitated, another had all the clothes burned from
his body; on the other hand; some
were found who had covered -their
heads with their coats, to shut .off the
deadly fumes and had quietly lain
down to die.
■    The ventilation of the mine is supplied by a Ca.pell.fan measuring 12 ft.
■in diameter, haviffg a 6-ft. face and operated as an exhaust ventilator.   It is-
'driven by a continuous-current .motor
motor is rated at 525 -h.p. and has a
speed of from 300 to 525 revolutions
iper -minute.
Suggested Causes of the Explosion
It is early yet, before the mine inspectors have made their search and
tho Inquest has been held, to suggest
causes for the catastrophe. Some have
assumed that gas entered from some
of the many mines adjacent but now
abandoned.   The Buffalo and Garfield
mines were both extensive.   In 1883,
James, tlio father of Edward Furlong,
who was rescued, was foreman of the
Buffalo mine,   It is thought that In
some way the stoppings keeping back
the gas from these old mines leaked
out and filled the Cincinnati mine with
There is also a disposition to .blame
near-by and abandoned gns wells for
-tho catastrophe. It Is said that at one
time a machine cutter broke a hole
•Into a well but fortunately no gas was
found, so convpletely was the well exhausted or so tightly was lt sealed1.
Some contend that the restarting of
entries 5 and G Is blameable ifor tho ac
clden't. Report has It that thoso head-
ings were closed down for a while because of the presence of gas and. re*
opened shortly boforo tho explosion.
Alexander McCanch, the state mine
inspector, mado an Investigation of tho
mine about six weeks boforo the ac
cldent and found It frco of gas, but
thoso who know tho mine are disposed
to tli ink thnit an Investigation Is only
good for tho .period at which .It |s
made, tho gas generation being largely
discontinuous nnd depending on working conditions.
.,--.;: "4'
HdvptjfProtect. fflines-Fpomi 3
;ip^- Natural GaiMtteaks
'.   y     By WilliafCrSeddon
An address to the Mine Foremen's and
• Fire Bosses of the Seventeenth In-
,, speotion • District; of  Pennsylvania,.
Monongahela .',House,.   Pittsburgh,
■Pa./November'l, 1913,
1 Tn introducing the> subjeet assigned
to me, I think it would be out of place
and unfair not to mention some of the
geological formations -that, are necessary to.be dealt with in handling such
an important question in doing so. For
our purpose"tonight, in the first place,
I -will confina^myself to" what is geologically known as the .Monongahela
formation," which is the .formation that
■lies directly above the Pittsburgh coal
seam,    This   part  of  the   overlieing
strata is in direct connection with our,
gofos'and abandoned working places,
and   extends"- above ■ the   Pittsburgh
seam some 400 feet, ending with a
seam of coal known as the Waynes-
burg, the latter lieing.directly beneath
tlie Waynesburg Sandstone, which is
the beginning of what is known as the
Dunkard ' formation,' - or  Permian  period.     ° ■ -        •
lAs my subject deals with the 'safeguarding" of 'gas wells that penetrate
these formations, after which such operations enter the Pittsburgh coal, or
mines which are actually at .work, It is
only reasonable to assume, owing to
the characteristics of the oveTlielng
strata mentioned/ that' any leakage,
from the wells we have reference to
will find; its way Into the disturbed
strata, which is the result of removal
of the seapi of coal in question. As a
rule we pay mor$ attention to the accumulation of gases in the gobs or
falls, Owing to such mixtures being, in
accordance with their specific gravity,
found in vacancies, or openings left by
the subsidence of the roof after the removal of the ooal,
In order to make my idea on the
subject more clear-to1 you It is necessary to mention the formations that
are generally found below the Pittsburgh "coal. The first series wfc encounter as we proceed downward 'is
known as the Conemaugh, and known
in connection with the Carboniferous
Period as barren measured; that is,
they are almost entirely , free from
coal deposits that are of workable
thioknes-s, or persistent The thickness of these, measures is approximately 600 feet, and are found to be
composed of, first, the Connellsville'
Sandstone, its characteristics being
somewhat flaggy aud 'persistent from
10 to 30 feet - The next we come in
contact with is the Morgantown 'Sand-'
stone, sometimes found to be coarse
and thick and. at other times changing
into -shale, and flaggy sandstone 20,. to
40 feet in' thickness. The next of importance is a greenish limestone of
varied thickness, which, in turn, lies
next to the Saltsburg Sandstone,
which is also' of a coarse nature and
thick bedded, occasionally massive,'
changing to a shale in the northern
portion-of the Pittsburgh field. -.The
next of importance Is the Mahoning
Local Union Di^icfa^
gestlbns.asto.whatt.think is neces-"
sa-xy, as ,a; factor-of - safety directly in
connection', with 'such a process,   HSo
do so I deem.it necessa"ry:to again call
your attention'to'the strata" which we
have more^or less to deal with,"such
strata being .porous for an" approximate distance of 1,200 feet beneath the
Pittsburgh seam. If such really'.be the
prevailing characteristics of the formations  mentioned,'  and ■- we   have
every .reason to believe they are, then
the only recourse ./would be>to make
the ibasis of, security at' the top, or a
little below thatr point, of the 'Pocono
Sandstone, which, as 'stated, is/located
some 1,200 feet beneath the Pittsburgh
seam. „- To do this I would, in tho first
iplace, advocate that the \yell be of
such a diameter as; to allow for the
casing, the same tobe encircled-wlth
not less than two inches In thickness
■of specially "prepared concrete. Such a
proceedure would, demand, say, for a
l0-inch*>' diameter   finished   hole,   a
naked drill-hole of 14 inches diameter,
iplus the thickness of the .casing, used.
Such a protection, with the inside casing properly adjusted, would not only
be a support to the latter, but would
have a tendency to fill all crevices and
interstices that the drillhole bad exposed In passing "through the various
formations heretofore mentioned.
This method, but on a much larger
scale, has long beep resorted to, and,
might say,  adopted  in the Kind-
The Mixed-Light System
It mny bo Interesting to rocall tho
mixed-light mcthorta of tho Pittsburgh
district as In existence at this Cincinnati mino, -because tho much discussed
question of their property will probably ho revived1* nftorthis disaster.
Two butt headings aro drlvon up
sido by sido with oross-cuts botwoon
thorn. Thoso aro mimberod, wo will
suppose, 14 nnd Id. N'o rooms nro turn-
ed from entry in, but they aro started
In regular succosBlon from ontry 14,
iboglnnln« near tho month and oxtond^
ing inwaixl. Tho nlr ontors ut ontry
16, (passes to tho ond of that heading
as fnr as completed nnd return* by, entry H. As tho rooms aro driven up,
tho (pillars are drawn back and gas es-
•enpo* -from tho broken roof, No. naked
lights are allowed in those rooms
where pillars nre being drawn or in
tho iptirt of tho hoadlna from which
thoso rooms nro started. The mon who
are driving rooms ahead enter their
working place* through entry 15 and
pass Into entry I* through n email door
In tho crosscut uoxt above tho last
room where plllnw nre being dmwn.
Tlioy aro foiflilddon io travel down to
the places where the pillars are tn
mmiiliiHi  frt WH-H.Mt*»'1
Tn rtwitar turn with the rooms In
entry 14 roome are turned oi( entry
IS. That is, when sll tho rooms In tho
flrtt *>ntry are turned, a room Is stsrt-
ed from the end of entry 15 nnd thereafter other rooms nre opened nnd the
fplllaw drawn "proceeding outby and
mot Jntoy; itoai -i* mmauiit, *imi ml
vandnf. ThM*. *» the nlr current still
continues to follow Its old oourse, the
new rooms ere still ail on intaUng air
hnd tho plllar-drewlng rooms nro
reached hy the current which hns ventilated the new tooms.
Now, tt aotlnit Premier Howsor
would only tell lend-eeekere where the
free lend ie totaled, lu tkp*»»clfU. u-iaus,
severe! would Ulce a chancii in going
"back to the Und."
Welch tht dsle of the e*plrjiU©» ef  roUteed by 15 m«n inio'ih« tnd of Xo.
t*e vmn Mh«f eflntifnlng ymtr n4- Jg f^.. worWnc an-l ■"!.■ u
tfres*. * ii bmt outward.   Holme*
: xdv.9, :,u.
Iia-t an m-
Wjium Mats « Mix »*« ««■*
*u*i CwUt*
r. miubr
flaggy characteristics; at other times,
in accordance with the 'location it ls
in, it 4s of a fine-grained nature,and
heavy. Such are some of the formations that the GOO feet mentioned is
Immediately under the JIahoning
Sandstone we find .-the Upper, tfree-
port seam of coal, underneath which
Is found, as usual In some localities,
(plastic .clays, 'which are geologically
known as the Bolivar Clays, - Next In
■order, ls generally found Borne strong
laminated shales, turning sometimes
into a course-grained sandstone rock,
which forms the cover for tho Lower
Freeport seam. Proceeding on, down
wo meet with clays, sandstone and
shale until we arrive at tho Upper Kittening coal. A -short dletance from
the latter, In a downward course, we
find the Middle Klttanlng,* after
which, ranging In thickness, a formation composed of shale, clays and
sandstone is found overlieing what is
known as the lower Kittaning seam of
coal. As we "proceed etill lower, in
Borne sections of the country, the
Brookvillo and Clarion seams nre met
with, which Uo abovo what is known"
as the Homewood Sandstone, tho general characteristics of which are n
coarse, whlto, hard, slllcous sandstone genorolly masBlve and sometimes conglomoratory. In this formation Is found, what Is known as tho
Mercer group of coal eeams, which aro
not at all times perslston; in this locality. Tho noxt of Importance Is the
Conoquenosslng Sandstone, which Is
tho floor of the Pennsylvania Series.
The next ls tho Mlsslsslplan Period,
in which wo find, first,..the Greenbrier
Limestone sometimes called tho Fob-
slliforous Llmostono, directly beneath
which a bluo llmostono, grading downward into a fine, hard standstono, geologically known as the Ponco Sundl-
etone, and considered imporvlous*;
lhat in, too close-grained to admit
water; In othor words, wo would bo
»nfo In saying this la the end of tho
wator-boarlng strata.
You will notico that, In'tho distance
I havo mentioned, whioh is approximately some 1,200 feet (beneath the
Pittsburgh *oam, nil tho strata nre of
a more or less porous nature, and a
gas well containing a hl(jh pressure at
nny of the points named In tho die-
tanco montlonod is' looking. Such
leakage* nre llablo to .penetrate the
workings, even in tlie Plltebursh
B&tvm, Again, we may. tf not careful,
contribute to this liability by negligence, <:arelo»»ne8», ignoranco, or all
combined, In not extracting the conl in
n. proper end systematical manner;
for Instance, by not recovering tx sufficient porconthgo of tho ooal the
seam oonUtlns, or hy extracting tlio
coal in a. haphAcanl way, thereby leaving coal whoro it ought to be taken
nvif  tiYit* *,lt*tt .inrt,1*  (hy -MVInn*- «n+ t*nnl
that ought to be left in, methods
wined, in -every infttauce, htiup. ou a
crush, or creep. In esse of either of
what we might fully term mino <ti<
aeftsoe, tho strata Immediately under
the seam, end for,aomo distance beyond the immediate neighborhood, ow-
Meg ki 'n* <-;iin,r(itn*«wui* *** w*.u««*u,
may --becomo injured and fill the miner
above It with a highly dangorous mix*
ture, end "probably at a tlmo wo would
bo least expecting danger from that
source. Such conditions could not fall
to endanger tho lives of thoie direct"
ly engage! tn following: their avoca*
tion in tho mino.
Numerous methods have been ndvo-
iiMitii -auu * vlow u> pitivuuXlue Uie
liability of endangering; the Uvea ot
mine worker* where ga« 'well* h»vf>
pfi*ri*<tiv'it4'd the aeam In which they
wer<» working.
I nm not here tonight fo find fnnlt
njih ihr- rontons of others at <o the
KMf mrfirtif i*f •^PMrnAiMlnir *■•
ASIS.M, bui simply to offer a fow aug-|
Chaudron' system, of shafthinking
through heavy water'bearing strata,
and has, in every instance, proved successful in keeping the water back, resulting In having an absolutely dry
shaft when sinking operations are finished, although surrounded and*' having passed through -strata' that" contained enormous quantities of water.
You will," I hope, pardon me for the
apparent pselessness of laying stress
on the safe-guarding of gas wells from
danger thatinight arise from leakages
that aTe liable to take place beneath
the seam we are working; for -the reason that wo are', in most cases, apt to
neglect to pay attention to the floor of
the mine in a manner that circumstances and conditions- call for, and
pay more attention to ,the strata
above." Truly' such is in compliance
with the mine law xo examine the
gobs, etc., and as near as practical
keep the' same from dangerous mixtures; but, these subtle enemies may,
and are HaMe to,,make their appearance In'the live workings, such as entries ami rooms that are far removed
from- falls or gobs, 'if the strata beneath has not received the protection
necessary to prevent a leakage from a
high-pressure gas Well that has .pene-"
trated through tlie formations mentioned.
I will now draw your attention "to
the dangers that are liable to exist as
a,"result of a gas well that has'.pene-"
trated the overlieing strata of the
seam of coal .we are working, and will
begin by saying that, according to
some opinions advanced on the safe-
-gUar-ding^iOf gun    .wallg      n    pprtain
amount of coal in the form of a pillar
of that deposit would be all that Is necessary. Such a protection would, if
properly attended to, prevent the mirier ifrom actually penetrating the gas
well with his pick; but, with the ever-
prevailing interstices that, every seam
of coal contains, more especially the
Pittsburgh-seam, a high pressure well
springing a-leak ln the part that is
enclosed or surrounded by tho pillar
of coal we havo reference to, what -is
there to,prevent the transpiration of
gases evolved from the well In question making tlieir appearance ln -the
workings? The gases generatod in
the seam itself mako their exit or appearance at the working face, but lt la
Impossible to determine,the distance
through which they have been slowly
malting their way.
It would be well to here -call attention to the fact that tne gases making
thoir exit at tlie faces do not appear
in accordance with the law of dlffu-<
Blon, but-by force caused toy an immense pressure, similar to what would
take "place If a leakage In a gas well
was to take placo in-or in .proximity
to. the pillar that has been left to
guard against the danger ot Buch an
occurrence; hence a pillar of coal of
limited dimensions, loft as a harder
with a view to -protecting against .leakages from tx high pressure, or even a
low pressure, gns well Is far from adc«
quote for tho purpose It ls intended
for unless tho protection carries with
It a substantial casing and the concreto cylindrical support (previously
It, Is with pardonable prldo that t
say h«ro tonight, without fear of contradiction, that a largor por cent of
ooal Is bolng extracted iwr ncre than.
In any othor period ln tho history of
mining ln the Pittsburgh field. Every
mino official horo "present desorwoe
credit for sueli ImprovemoiitH lu tho
conservation of tho mineral wealth of
this common wealth: but such docs
not "by any moans add to tho aecurlty
of leaving a block ot coal for protection ngalnst loalmge from a gas woll
thnt has penetrated tho seam that is
bolng opolated undor hie clinrgo, for
the reanon that, In extracting all the
ooal in the vicinity of the block of
ooal, the samo will eaufco a eubeldonco
of tho overllolng -strata. Tho lattw
procoduro In true >praotlo<U mining, Is
obtaining tho desired object, that of
gotilng a good fall, but if the formation Iramodlatoly ovortiolng Ihe -seam
nossesios long-grained characteristics
it will, to use mining languano, "pull"
a long way from tho vicinity In which
the coal has been removed before It
lota go, or fall*. In doing so 1* thoro
not a liability of Mile "pull" extending
over the block, of conl (toft for protect
tion, and by doing to injuring it to
«uch an extent that It vwM become
practically useless for the protection
lUUlliU-InU      il-OKV-U    UIO   «u,*au«a|,i,   *J.
w.lnfr rrmrrMp. in -ihi* iwiniw w*ir\l!>T
described tin onn method ot safe-guard*
tag gat wells that penetrate the aeam
of cea! that is In actual optratlon.--
The Ooal and Ooke Operator nnd Fuel
To Ltarn tht Auto Builnm md Take
an Agency
YftijVnn Tt/tttko trom JIS in tH0 ft
week driving, selling or repairing cars.
We will teach you tn a f«w week* In
your own homn to toe an expert automobile man, and get you en agency
for a high grade car. We have been
eataMiahed five years, and have over
8/WO eueeeseful graduate*. Write at
once for free booklet which gives ful!
' ''- ;    >   % No. 2314 -V" ■■" '-  :
Meet 1flrst and third' Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Pernio; secondvand
fourth Fridays, "Club Hall, -Coal
Creek.,. Sick-Benefit attached.
.-' ,    .T.',Uphill. Sec
■ Fernie, B. CC   - ~ „•■-< -'       .     • -.   -
~    l y-'f" V.^No."2497.   y- '      ' ,'
Meet'every Tuesday evening In
the Athletic-Hall" at 7.30.    Sick'
Benefit' Society in connection.-'
"W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B*. C.  ' - ,'
No.'2334   '
Meet every Sunday afternoon
at ' 2 - o'clock in Crahan's Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
" , H. Elmer, Sec.
1     . PARK LOCAL
' ' No. 1387  "     ,    ' ' _
Meet every Sunday. Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached.     ... ■
,   N. D. Thachuk. Sec.
Canmore, Alta.
No. 1387
Meet second and fourth Sunday
In month. Sick and Benefit Society' attached.
.« -   J. Gorton, Sec.
No. 2227
-Meet every alternate Sunday at
' 2.30   p.m.- ln   the   Opera   House,
Coleman. , i,
'     -        J. Mitchell, Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
*     No. ,29
Meet'evory Tuesday evening at
7 o'clock ln the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
Frank "Wheatley, Fin.- Sec.
Bankhead, Alta..       "      ,   /
No. 1189
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
in Miners' Hall, 2.30.
Frank Barrlngham, Sec.
Box 112. Coalhurst P. O.
yX7\- •~/~NoV2683-v<'V' -',*aS/
' Meet every other Sundays gen- '
erally second and fourth Sundays
ln-the" month.'   i ■'    •■'.' ,'
J,',Johnstone, Sec.
.'  v No. 2352       '"\ V:>-    ,/
, Meet "every-second arid fourth,
Sunday of each month at 2 p.m..-'
lh Slovak Hall.' Sick' Benefit.So-
ciety attached.*  -       .     ••'".'
' Thos. G. Harries, Secj,,
Passburg, Alta.    "    ,,'     .'
[No. 949 -      '   "S
i        - . ..       ' f ...
Meet'every second-and fourth '
Sunday of each month at 10,a.m.
in School House, Burmis. No Sick
Society. '    '-.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg," Alta.     -     a
No. 2829
Meet evory first and third Sunday of each month at 10 a,m. ln
Union Hall, Maplo Loaf. No Sick
- Thos. G. Harrio*, Sec. ,
Passburg, Alta. ■ ,
1 \   '
Meet overy Wednesday evening
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North.
"     TJ. Moore, Sec-Treas.
No. 431 '
'   Meet every Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
In'the Socialist Hall.
■   James Burke, Sec.
Box 30", Bellevue, Alta.
^    No. 481
Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Sec.
No. 2877  ,
" Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.
" "John Jones, Sec.
Corbin, B. C.   -
Agents Wanted
Reliable Real Estate Agents
dnevery town.and village in'the West. I 'handle only first class money
making properties and .will furnish, .best of Bank and Commercial ref-P ,
erence.. Can furnish names of over four hundred'satisfied clients who
liave made substantial profits from Investments In properties I sell.to
them. Write today for .particulars and secure the agency for yourjter-
Titory. - ' A"    -   ,
1001, 1002 McArthur Bldg. '■
Financial Agent
Winnipeg, Man.
Grand Union Hotel
n Best of* Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade.
G. A. CLAIR ' :-• Proprietor
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
,   Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
F. M. Thompson Co.
"The Quality Store"
Just Unloaded
Okanagan Vegetables
Also one Carload of
rhninn   Win tar   Anni as
Consisting ofl5 Varieties
I   i
Th* nick of the Okanagan Valley. We
expect a car of ABhcroft Potatoes in a few days
See us before buying. The goods are No. 1
quality and the price is right. See that you
get a few of the bargains at our Genuine Reduction Sale. '
Tt«« mttbrto That Saves Vou Monty ,
Phone 25      Victoria St       Blairmore, Alta.
,'t    i.e.
| * t. -i •■.
it :. in-A*-
%\v *>U
1    *    Ify*
' „ jf* a
I lbs
Promise or Menace
''   ■ .Xi,., 'St
-,   »..    h'f    \,
Continued from Last Week
("From Everybody's Magazine)
Wejoontinu-e thia interesting detfbate
■between Morris HiHquit aiid Rev. Dr,
Ryan .below, the latter .having tho
"■floor." 'Both men are thoroughly capable ht handling their case -without
support or criticism, and those who
teel.euttioiently interested (and "there
are eurely few who do not) should
read'carefully and'preserve their copies "itor future reference. This debate
■is appearing in "Everybody's Magazine" month by month.
In his reply to this article Dr. Ryan
asserts that the press, the school, and
the church must furnish the moral and
intellectual remedies against the so*
dai evil of our day and generation.
Why and ihow anoist they? This categoric (imperative has been -hurled at
them for a great many cenitunles without visfble effect. What reason does
my hopeful opponent have to assume
that .they wiH respond to -his challenge
' It -seems to one quite clear "that so
long as the sources of popular know-
. ledge and -faith and -the organs of -public expression are monopolised" -by pri:
volte capitaltet interests', so long will
they serve -the some -purpose as the
privately owned tools of -production—
to (fortify ithe capitalist -rule.
The Socialist Remedy
Thus the most serious of flaws in
: our scheme of eocial arrangement may
be  readily traced- to  one common
, source—the system vhich "hands over
to a relatively small number of favored individuate -the very key to the life
and welfare of the whole "people, the
sources of -weaRb and1 the tools of
work, and -allows them to monopolize
wealth, .power, ease, and culture, leaving the majority of their fellow^nen
' to struggle, dn -poverty, dependence,
toil*,,, and ignorance—the anarchistic,
.. (predatory, demoralizing and ^corrupting system of Capitalism.
■■ It is no answer to the Socialist in-
- dtotment to say that with all its shortcomings modern civilization is super!-
, oror to all conditions of the -past.
The modern or capitalist era has 'introduced certain grave social problems
•unknown, to the past.   It has increased
the risks and the Insecurity of the
• working population, It *h&.s accentuated
: social contrasts, and ihas reared a new
social- power of unprecedented virulence and menace, the 'money power.
, But .with all that, the Socialists cheerfully admit that, on the whole, life is
more propitious today ,even, to the
masses than It was at any time in the
"Past. -The yery foundation of their
. optimistic philosophy rests on the re*
• allzation of the world's never-ceasing
process of betterment,
, "Industrial. Anarchy"
Mr. -Hill-quit's indictment of our
•methods of wealth production may <be
euromed up in his own <words, "Anarchy-reigns jupi-eine." As a consequence of this anarchy we have: an
enormous waste of energy and re*
souncee; alternating periods of overemployment and "untfer-smlployment;
untold suffering by millions of human
"beings; monopolistic', concentration
"wMoh eracJees '^practically unre*
stnicted. powers over tlie workers as.
well as the consumers," and which de-,
•flee even, the -government, itself; and,
finally, a system of distribution, "just
a little less than is absolutely necessary to* maintain it in physical fitness
tor its task and to enable it to reproduce the species worker;" a system of
distribution which .breeds "thousands
of, powerful millionaires, .. . and .'. .
millions of paupers 'with their disreputable dwellings, ihelr filth and rags."
Of these assertions some, are true
only la' a figurative sense; others ore
only half-truths',' cone Is true adequate'
■ly or scientifically; aud all ore misleading.
'   a.   Figures of Speech.
The nation, says my opponent, Is
"helpless -before the trusts.   °
iHow does he know? The strength
of the nation in this, respect bas never
been tested.
During the period of less than twenty years in which the trusts were organizing, no systematic, comprehensive, and persistent effort was set in
-motion to prevent, control, or dissolve
tihem. To assume tbat the partial dis-
solution of the Standard OU Company
and the -American Tobacco Company
•by a oourt decree has exhausted" the
power of the government, is to ignore
the greater part of its resources (both
in the field of prevention and punishment. Thank God, we now have a national administration which does not
believe either in the craven doctrine
of trust omnipotence or in the paralyzing superstition of trust efficiency,
and; -which will earnestly and intelligently utilize all the "powers- of the nation against Mr. Hillquit's "huge giants."
Not un-tll this plan' has met -with
decisive failure will his pessimistic
presentment of national helplessness
be >within measurable distance of literal and scientific statement.
Another purely figurative assertion
is that "the working .population as a
whole gets just a little less than is absolutely necessary to maintain it in
physical "fitness for Its task and to enable it to reproduce the species worker." Therefore, the working class
must in time .disappear, since its
ranks can not be recruited indefinitely
from- the middle class. That would "be
one solution bf the class struggle.
As a matter ot fact, the majority of
The Socialists, however, refuse, to | the wage-learners do marry and repri»
.-J*=i**^v.«t-**'„„-„„„U-„HB*-o*,.-oia-mri*s"*Vj»--^ii7iii.      DV^TtlT^lT,, „ll +*.*« elr-Ml^**  n,^_b.
ultimate and perfect form1 of social development and the last word of -his*
tory. Tbe criterion .of.^thelr criticism
iunot the conditions of the past, .but
the measure in which the present has
■taken advantage or failed1 to .take advantage of the available forces of improvement. "
When a nation Is poor in natural resources and unskilled in the ait of
producing its sustenance hy means of
appropriate Instruments and methods,
the sum of supplies produced or secured! will naturally fall short ofthe
norm required to satisfy the needs of
all inhabitants. Poverty is legitimate
under such circumstances- and struggles for food among men are inevlta>
hie. ^ v
But When a people Is abundantly
.blessed with fertile soil, forests, minerals, and other sources of wealth,
1 and lias developed a perfect system
.for tho production, transportation, and
distribution or goods, It ls placed in a
position to tako caro of the reasonable
needs of all Its members, In such case
poverty nnd ibruto "fights for food or
wealth are no longer "natural"—ihey
jito purely artificial and evidence of a
sorlous -flaw in -tho organization of tho
industrial -system.
Tho Socialists contend that all modern civilized nations nro amply provided with natural wealth, and that tho
development of the rtinrvolous instruments of production, transportation,
mul exchange within the last coutury
has Inoron-aod the "fertility of human
labor to such an oxtont that evefy nation li-M-Wo to food, clothe, and. house
its inhabitants with "perfect ease,
Tho .reason that this Ib not done, and
(that tho richest nations prueont the
most appalling aoonon of poverty and
destitution among largoi 'sections of
tho population, .» to bo found in tho
iacL that lu modern uociotlos wealth
Ib not at all created for the satisfaction of human needs, hut foi* tho purpose of enaibllng a number of choson
Individuals, commonly styled capitalist!, to hoard up fortunes.
In other words our Industrial machinery !• organised for private profit,
not for public uao,
Socialism propoioB to abolish tho
capitalist "Industrial Monopoly and to
organize and develop in Its stead a
system of soclnlltod industrlofl, i.o„ a
system, by which the important industries of the country shall .bo operated
by ths (people, under rational and de.
■mocratic forms of oxganliatlon and
•management, for the benefit of the
whole -community, and not for the profit, of individual capitalists. The flrit
stop to such a system ia tho acquisition by tho peoplo, through tho government, of -all the Ronoml sources
■nnd rosourens of wealth and the mod**
em instarumentB of labor. More tech-
> nicnlly stated, -Socialism atan-tl* for -iho
ooUooUvo ownership, of all tooial
mfiifiCH uuH .imlriimiiiuiii *-,! iitiill-li
production, to ho operated undor democratic administration for the benefit of tho whole peoplo,
DR.   AVAN:    THK   ftOfiiaUftT   tN
Tho remedy for our eocial Ills proposed hy tbe Socialist U, ind*ed, more
w*lc«I titan the program of the social
rsformsr.   Hut Mm floHalfjit crttlc|«n
If not more soUotlf lc It I■ not tak*
tlfle «t all.  It exaggerates the •wronxB
slid dwfevtft of ths existing order be-
cause it consider* them without reference to the achievements of ths psit
■nd tho possibilities of ths present
and human (Mtltutlon* a perfectibility tbat is noi Justified hy experts**©*;
and bwiuM H nukes social carnality
«»<t (rodft! prwewKJn -tiattrcly U*o *lm*
diice. . Practically all the skilled worto
ers, and a considerable portion of ths
unskilled, get sufficient remuneration
to command some leisure, recreation,
and amusement; some education*,
books, and newspapers;" some religious advantages and church affiliation;
and some purely "social" intercourse
nnd benefits. ..
Even the statement that we have
million* of paupers is only figurative.
When Professor Ely put the number
at three million in 1890, and Robert
Hunter made It tour million in 1904,
they were using the word! "pauper" In
Ms technical, not in its general sense.
They were attempting to estimate the
nurobar of personr who received sustenance from charity for any portion
of the year, however short.,. Since the
vast majority of these persons suffered -this 'hardsJjIp for only a very brief
period, they wore not paupers ln the
general and ordinary acceptation, nor
did their condition approach that dire
need which is suggested to the average reader 'by statements like thnt of
Mir. Hillqudt
b.  -Half-Truths.
•Under this head comes my opponent's description of the wastes, anal-
adjustment, nnd suffering Involved In
the competitive system. Even "though
his presentation of theso evils were
literally accurate, 1t would not follow
that tho system Is economically and
otlulcally bankrupt. Such a conclusion
would, not ho justified until the evils
complained of had. been shown to bo
greater thnn those of nny previous system, until tho prosont system had boen
proved Incapaible of improvement, or
until a certainly hotter system had
.been "found.
•None ot thoBo conditions ls met by
Mr. Hlllqult.
Improvement Under Capitalism
Weonomic conditions nro better for
the masses thnn thoy havo boon- at
'any, provlous time, With the exception of jwrhapB tho poorest ono-temtli,
the working clauses aro better -fed,
clothed, and housed', and better provld*-
ed with economic goods generally.
Uven tho "Buhmernod tenth" Is probab.
ly hotter fed and housed than was tho
corresponding soctlon of tho population in tho moBt favorabla "period of
iho past, namely, the "later Middle
Awe. Tho advances mndo by all divisions of tlie working class slnco the
'beginning of ihe capitalist system,
mbout a oontury and a quarter ago,
const I tuts only one of tho common**
plncos of economic history.
Indoed, Mr. Hlllqult admits that, "on
tho whole, life U more propitious today even to tha musies than it -was at
any tlmo In (the past;" hut ha contends
that the prosont eystem has Jntroduc*
wl certain gravo evils of Its own, and
Iim "failed* to tako advantage of the
available   forces   of   improvement,"
Thit  tl^t* *n*?-?^*llr-
if.    *\\-r\"
largo esatlbiM of the working popuW-
tion are lets mure under the existing
arrangement than in the stable And
regulated conditiona of medieval society, can not he doubted; hut thia ds«
foot la gradually diminishing, tnd it
can he entirely removed through the
modem ■Oevj-ce ot insurance. That our
''money power" la * new thing under
the «un, 1a likewise unquestionable;
yet ik does not exercise tbe same -minute control ovor the lives tind) liberties
of tlie people as the feudal aristocracy; tooalidee, Ita away can be curtailed
or destroyed as aeon na the national
government seriously makes the attempt,
That -we have not taken "advantage
of the available forces of Improve*
ment," Is tnott lamentably true; but
thia fact does not justify th* assurajv
tion that our economic ayatoro Is incapable of bo doing.
'Neither Mr. Hlllqult nor any other
critic has adduced {mmUIvv -evidence to
thoir that the present system can not
.be so -reformed' as to eliminate sill the
genuine evils that he denounce©. From
the progress made in- the United
States in the last twenty-five years In
the,matters of collective ibai«alning
between employers and employes, the
protection ot women and" children in.
industry, safety and sanitation in work
place3, compensation -for industrial accidents, minimum-wage legislation, the
attitude, of the public and of employers Coward the rights and claims of
labor, the realization that the main
abuses of economic-power .proceed not
from capital but from privileged cap-'
ital, and! other significant changes—we
conclude that our economic society is
neither "retrogressive nor stagnant.
The "extent to -which the grosser
evils of competition have been removed tarough combination and coopera-
tion gives some indication of the immense progress that is easily .possible
along these lines. Industrial crises
have steadily diminished ln frequency
and intensity. All these are solid, definite, and substantial gains. To ignore them is unjust. To assume that
they have come to an end is unwarranted and unscientific.
My opponent's indictment of the existing order becomes reasonable only
on the assumption that a perfectly
flawless economic system ls practically attainable. Such a system he thinks
he has found in Socialism. How ibadly
he is mistaken in.-this supposition, -we
shall see in the next and later issues
of Everybody's-. In the meantime I
would merely call attention to the
fact that the "anarchy" and wastes
oi the present system may well he a
smaller social evil .than the lack of
Individual liberty and incentive which
are inseparable from a rigidly determined economico-political order.
v Is -it' desirable' that all workers
should he compelled to sell their labor
to, and1 all consumers .forced to buy
their goods . from, one agency, the
o With regard to inadequate incentive,
Professor Thorstein Veblen*. who is by
no means "an unfriendly critic of Socialism, writes:
'While it is In the nature of things
unavoidable that the management of
industry by .modem business methods
•should involve a large misdirection of
effort and a large-waste of goods and:
services, it is also true that the aims
and- ideals to "which this manner of
life gives effect, act forcibly to offset
all this incidental futility. These pecuniary aims and1 ideals have a very
great effect £o,r Instance, in .making
men work hard and unremittingly, so
that on this grtmnd alone the .business
system probably compensates for any
waste involved In its working. There
seems, therefore, no tenable ground
■for, thinking that the working of the
modern system involves a .curtailment
makes up for lbs wastefulness .by the
added strain -which it throws upon
those engaged in productive work,"
("The Theory of Business Enterprise,"
p. 65; New York,'1904.)
If we compare the evils of our present system with the elements of an
'ideal social order, we can not condemn
them too strongly; if we compare
them with what in the light of experience seems to be practicable, we see
that they are not nearly so terrible as
they appear in tbe eloquent pages of
Mr. Hlllqult. Inasmuch as he employs
the former rather than the latter cri«
terion, his picture lacks perspective
and proportion, and gives us only a
series of half-truths.
"The 'Corner' in Culture" .
The same judgment must be passed
on his description of those evils of
present society whioh are not primarily economic. Measured by tho general diffusion of culture among the
masses, ho says, "our modern civilization is a miserable -failure" This vor
diet Is not "warranted if our standard
of comparison is to be the achieve*
ments of the past or an accurate interpretation of the possibilities of the
present and tho future. Does Mr. Hlllqult think that the culture of, say, tho
university iprofossor could through
ar.v fenslble arrnnKoment of ©cononvlo
nnd soolal conditions he brought within "tho reach of evory human being?
"Millions of mine workers, factory
hands, nnd street laborers still livo in
tho fifteenth century." Suroly "this Ib
nn overstatement. Only a small minority of theso dasflM, in the United
States at least, are entirely without
education, books, and now«pn.pors.
Only a small minority of tho fifteenth-
century populations possessed any of
theso things, On tho wholo, progress,
very great progress, has boon mado In
the task of providing opportunities of
culture for tho mnssM,
"Soolal Warfare"
'Aiccordlng  to  my  opponent,   our
present Induatrial arrangements pit
producer  ngalnst  consumer,  tenant
against landlord, and worker against
employer.   To a Inrgo extent this 1»
true.   It Is alflo Inovltablo.   In somo
degree It would prevail oven under
Booinllap! for tho produce-re of any
article, would not ho idontlcal with
the wliolo foody of Ita consumer*,  The
•former 'would aook the highest possible remuneration; tho latter would for
the moat part doslro to keep down the
price of tho article, and thoreforo tbo
wages of itt producera. The Socialists
make a great deal of this nntagoniam!
of in.ter©»*B, yot a little reflection
•would1 show that It could ho eliminated
only hy a return to that primitive
economy in which each man prodmioon
only for himself, and huys nothing
from.«ny one die, ,
"AiWhough much ot the current itslk
about the harmony ot intends he*
l-wcfn impkiyur and oai'loyi lu im*.
■what Mr. Hlllqult calls It, "conventional cant," hh own figure of the wolf
and the lamb la little hotter than a car-
Jeaturo.   Whether they real Ite it or
not,jihoth employer and omployd proi-
tt,n-m%Hl*ftm   *»    **■*    "
*>    ... .    ,wj,   ...»   lij)    M   -*»>•
ranging their relations that the total j
product to he divide* between them
shall be M large «• possible, The
share of tbe capitalist will in most in-
atoneee be greater If he establishes
liberal conditions of employment and
wage* than If he rlgorouily strives "to
secure tho n&xlmum of work for the
minimum of pay."
Thot the majority of cuiuloyers luive
not yet milted this truth does not
make It an untruth; that a constantly
increasingly number of them Is reaJlt-
ine H, shows that li need not remain
forever undiscovered hy the deteraln-
lag WM of them.
Thai M*«rtton that th* tntlt*r "In-
•Hnetlvwty Jmtet hit employer" a-pplle*
to ooly • email minority «f the labor
ing class. It is Inaccurate to say that
" 'industrial disputes' are almost the
rule;" for hetween no groups of em-
jployers and employ-to do they prevail
most of the time. A "fairly complete
■array of statistics shows that in proportion to the wage-earning population
strikes are steadily decreasing. (For
proof of this statement see Adams and
Summer, "Labor Problems," p. 180;
New York, 1905.) The relations subsisting between the average employer
and hie employes during the greater
part of any year are no more correctly
■characterized by the term "dispute"
than is the relation -between the average -housewife and the keeper of iho
corner grocery. -.
. Inevitable .difference ot Interests
does not imply continual .warfare.
"Political Corruption"
The demoralizing Influence of business, especially "-big business," upon
our political life is summarily though
somewhat luridly sketched by .Mr. Mill-
quit. I shall not quarrel with his account of the past, but I can not accept
his inference that no-substantial improvement is visible or .possible. To
characterize the far-reaching audi fundamental changes for the better which
have occurred in the last five" years,
particularly in the last presidential
campaign., as no more than "greater
outward decency," is to substitute hyperbole for literal and accurate statement
Moreover, my opponent takes no account of the fact tbat the really formidable corruption, practised by the
great corporations is quite as .recent
as the corporations. themselves, and
that time ia required to acquaint the
.people with the new conditions and
the new dangers.' Tbat capitalists will
always seek to corrupt politicians ls
true; tout the same .will ever be trUe
of any class;.whose interests are,affected by the activities of government.
Even under Socialism men - "would
still d-eslre certain good things, such
as larger incomes and "better positions*
which would1 be within the power of
political (functionaries. And these
goods would ibe not less but more important to men with moderate salaries
than- are increased profits to the present-day capitalists. The only essential
difference ls that the bribes -would ,be
.more numerous and less liberal.
"Intellectual Corruption"
(According to Mr. Hinllquit, ,the
press, the pulpit, and the -school are
largely under the influence, if not directly In the service, of the capitalists.
Taken as it stands, this is a gross
.Despite .numerous and .notorious instances to the contrary, the monthly
and weekly periodicals do not -Support
all the main projects and desires of
.Capitalism. The great daily newspapers are, indeed, more subservient;
independent on many important issues, tor example, on the trusts and1
the tariff. Not a little of the recently
aroused public opinion on these sub-
jeots, and) on the subject of privileged
wealth generally, ts due to -some of
the metropolitan dallies.
To he sure, if my opponent merely
means to say that the press upholds
the system of private ownership of
capital as against Socialism, be states
the truth; but it is not, after all, a
very illuminating truth,
His assertion that the churches aro
supported by the money interests, and
that the clergy "deliver the message of
Christ in the version of the factory 8u
perlntendent," ls adequately true of
only a small minority. It is, however,
true of practically' all of tham In the
sense that they do not preach the Gospel In tho version of Karl Marx.
To say that "the colleges and universities are founded, endowed, or
supported hy benevolent capitalists1,
on the tacit condition that science is
to "remain nt all times rospectmblo and
respectful," and to imply that this alleged condition is fulfilled, Is to disregard the actual teaching of these institutions, "particularly as given from
the chairs of sociology and1 oconomlcs.
Thofltatempnt. just quoted,from my opponent Is evidently based entirely on
a priori grounds,
His contention thi* only tho "exception-ally vigorous spirits" among journalists, clergymen, and college professors resist "tho corrupting Influences
of capitalist economic pressure," is
one for which ho offers no somiblanco
of proof. All tho evidence tends to
show thnt tho contrary- statement Is
nearer the truth, namely, that It Is tho
men who yield te theso influences who
constitute tho .exceptions ln thoso
throo classes.
HIB asH^rtloti thot the press, the
school, nnd tho church havo for con-
turlos fallod to achieve anything worth
whilo toward romcdylng social evils,
Ib ooviouBly pure rhetoric, Lot him
soberly, and with iin eye single to the
facta of history, eliminate from social
progress tho contributions»of thoao
throo agencies, and then toll us what
That tho "press, the school, and tho
church have not romovod all social
ovilB rior brought aliout ideal social
conditiona Is most true, hut It does not
warrant the statement that they have
neeompllihod practically nothing, nor
tho Inferenco thnt tliey will have no
success In tho future, Here, as in so
many'othcr parts of hlo article, my opponent has adopted an unreasonable
and ImjHWslblo criterion of achieve
To escribe all the ovile of the present order to a single sourco, the private owner ship or capital,' is ■ nelMW
antecedently plnualhle nor Justified hy
fnct Tt off«rn us nn •MWlflnnMnn ihst
is entirely too simple. Wo aro remind-
vH *,•! ihu M'ii'filn nl rivtlttmi, Muttth&ll;
"Nature's notion la complex; and nothing Is gained in the long inn hy pre-
tending that *lt 1* simple, and trying
to describe It in a series of elementary
propositions."   ("PrlnfllpldB of DJcon-
ri^lr.9*'   ~    V   •    »l~»»    ^«l»~   *        »- ,  -....,..,.*,
aa the situation that we are consider.
Ing involves the action and interaction
of rational and non«mtion«! nature in
a hundred different ways, wa should
expect its cautes and problems to be
In the hlRheat degre-e oomplei,
"The Soclallet Remedy"
A sober analysis of the facts shows
that the evils denounced M Mr. Hill-
quit art* «lu« to C^Uallsm only in perl.
and that even this part Is epeciflcally
Mem itself.
chargeable not to the system
hut to itt Hhutc*. Many of our social
wroflia and malodjuatmsftts swing directly from the limitation* w human
nature, aorh as Ignorance and *re«4;
thon* ironW oxlttt and ho t*.fltnnttvo in-
der any syitcm whatever. Tbe evils
which are specUteslly trweeabt* to
Capitalism, for example, oppression of
labor, unrighteous and unearned incomes, and the insufficient distribution, of productive property, can all
be eliminated through measures of
eocial .reform.
According to my opponent, however,
social reform can afford only slight
and temporary relief, and can not produce a "lasting or radical, cure." The
truth or untruth of this contention depends' upon our definition of terms,
and our standard of achievement.
Measured by aay criterion taken from
history and experience, the improvement in eocial conditions since the
rise of the capitalist system is not
"slight;" judged hy all the available
Indications of our time, It ls not '•temporary." (See, for example, the historical review contained in chapter
xlii. of "Labor Problems," toy Adams
and Sumner.)
As to the future, every Indication
points to a great acceleration of nil
movements for specific reforms. Such
-will .be the normal result of our increased knowledge of soolal facts, fore-
es, and "possibilities, the awakening of
the social conscience, and the enlarged Intelligence, determination, and
power of the less fortunate classes.
While I agree 'with my opponent neither as regards the method nor the
content of a "radical and lasting cure"
of our social evils, I believe that he is
right In his statement that our natural
and technical resources are adequate
to provide all our people with abundant food, clothing, and housing. I believe that we. are moving, slowly Indeed, (but steadily, toward this goal,
and that we shall reach lt not by the
futile way of Socialism, but along the
solid road, of social reform.
In the light of .past experience and
present knowledge, .the direction- of
this road seems to be about as follows:       - •'
1. Necessary and Adequate Social
The three great economic defects of
the existing system are: insufficient
remuneration of the "majority of wage-
earners; excessive incomes obtained'
.by a small minority of capitalists; and'
the narrow distribution of capital ownership. .
For insufficient wages the essential
and appropriate remedy is a legal minimum wage which will prevent any
person from .being compelled to work
for less than the equivalent of a decent livelihood, Including, adequate
protection against all the contingencies of existence. While awaiting the
realization of this condition, the State
must make legislative provision for insurance against sickness, accident, unemployment, and old age, and for decent housing of all whose Wages are
still inadequate.
Other necessary laws are those
while which will effect a "better adjust-
demand for labor,' abolish improper
forms and conditions of female labor,
prevent excessive hours of labor
among all classes of workers, make
rational provision for the adjustment
of Industrial disputes, and establish a
thorough and universal system of industrial education. The ends sought
by all this legislation can and should
be promoted by an Indefinite increase
in the extent and power of labor organizations.
Excessive Incomes and profits can
ibe prevented through;the abolition ot
special privilege and unregulated' .monopoly. All monopolistic concerns except those which experience will prove
to he natural and necessary must be
absolutely destroyed. Such natural
monopolies as railroads, telegraphs,
street railways, and municipal utilities
generally should he either owned and
operated by the appropriate public authority, or so regulated that, their ownors will receive no moro than the pro-
vailing -rate of. interest on the notual
value of the property, If the future
should demonstrate that, even outsido
tills field of public utilities, there aro
certain coinimoilltleB 'which can., bo
'most economically produced- under tho
"control of a monopolistic concern, Ute
State should cither fix the maximum
prlcos at which tho Koods can he sold,
or hecome lo Rome extent a competitor in tliolr production. A private unregulated mono]K)ly is socially into]-
Tuxes should bo gradually removed
from production and from tho necessaries of life, nnd placed upon land,
incomes, and inheritances. If tx considerable part of tho future Increases
of land values woro appropriated
through taxation, land would become
cuflier of nccossto Uio landless, and
unearned-IncomoB would receive a sal.
utory check, As a result of tho fore-
gwln'ir imeasureH, capital would he automatically restricted to tho prevailing1
or competitive rate of intorebl in nil
cases except whoro the capitalist was
nblo to secure moro through exceptional personal efficiency. In evory
instance, therefore, the rotiiniH to tho
capitalist would not oxcoed a fair and
nocoBsnry pnymen for his nodal «er-
Tho narrow distribution of capital
ownership Ib moro fundaments! than
the othor two ovIIb, because It throat-
ens the stability of the wholo system,
That tho majority of the wago-oarnors
should. In a country bb rich ns America, postasa no Income-bearing proporty, have no ownorshlp in the moans of
production, Is a gross anomaly, It U
not normal, nnd It can not bo permanent, N'o nation can endure as a nation predominantly of hired mon. Until tho'mnjority of tho wago earners
become owners, at least In purl, of tho
tool* with which Ihey work, the system ot private capital will remain, In
Hilnlre llolloo'e phrase, 'VaBftntlallv
TI10 -owtJiU-dti in witWtuut) a minority of Ihe employes participate In the
ownership of tho business that employe thera, and -which puts the reipon-
alble direction of industry Into tho
hnnda of a small numhr-rof very pow-
C****! .yC-ftOU*,   ii * 4<*&'>4i>J**i.y»*J'**-*li   WMVil-
tion. It already threatens th* life of
the present syetem,
To quote the historian lirooka
"The capitalistic domination of no-
clety, which hns prevailed for rather
more than two jronwitfonn, hns broVnn
down, and men of tho <?ap!telistlc typo
have apparently the alternative before
them of adapting thum^lve* U> a tn*w
environment, or of being eliminated,
•a every obsolete tyjm hna always
been ellmlmued." ithe Allan-He
Monthly, April, 1913, p* 43f>,
Oa« of tho moat important steps In
this fffocess of adjuxteK-nt nlil he the
Excursions    Canadian
December 1st to 31st       Pacific
Return Limit
3 Months
East of
Fort William
First-class round trip fares from Fernie to
Trains leave Fernie
17.30 daily and at
9.29 daily except
Sunday.   Inquire
regarding Sleeping
Corresponding fares from other points and
to all stations in
For   booklet   of  information
and full  particulars, apply to
any agent of the Canadian Pacific railway.
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
Excellent Cuisine.
In the  Past.—
J. A' CALLAN, Prop.
The Working Men's Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
= Tables =f=
No fee charged to use Club, which li open to all.
B. Rawson
Ladies' and Gent's
Costumes & Suits
to measure   .   .   .
Fit guaranteed . .
Suits and Overcoats
from $25.00
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B. C.
dMrfontVtn ot n lnrr,t* mM<*mr»» of rap^
(Continued on Pnjro Ton)
I?    r vrs\nre-
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property 7|?^te»K^SS
MlfSto+kXt "j^oA^J^-^'.^oBu^awMto^
«*frf» mVtmfM^uBKil*.
a *»«      i* -T, .    ,„--■-.;,-, r.,       .,. ,,. „ ^ ,0 '  .,' "       ^'     iirtTwiii   iiiiijn ii      ^ j^iiiiiiippiiniMiiii ^iiiiiiiiiii it"1,).  ■ lu   ■   ii   i       ^u  ji.     ■-—^M
(Coutiaued from Page Nine)
ital ownership among the workers.
This end can >be .attained in a great
variety of ways, but tlie two (main
'types -must be co-partnership and cooperative .societies." The -change will
necessarily -coine slowly, "hut such has
'been the history of all' fundamental
and enduring improvements/
' As I have already observed, a con-
' siderable part of our social jBviIg are
hot economic, but intellectual and"
moral. For these the remedies must
evidently be provided, through • the
Rental and-ethical ed-iieation ojt;-tihe
'individual, tod the sources of'kufifi education are the press, the school, and
ithe church. The facts and relations
of industrial life must "become better
known, the moral law must bc more
specifically applied to all phases of
economic activity, and the social and
individual conscience must .be educated and quickened.
While I cheerfully admit that some
of the reform measures .proposed by
Dr. Ityan are entirely sound and "highly desirable, I can not accept his program as an adequate remedy for the
existing economic evils. I consider it
furthermore quite unwarranted to advance any "proposal of minor and immediate social reforms in opposition
to the ultimate Socialist program.
Socialism is not opposed to genuine
social reform. Many of the measures
advocated by Dr. Ryan as a suostitute
for Socialism are contained in the So-
■ cialist 'platform, and some of them
have been first formulated by Socialists. The Socialists advocate and sup-
iport every measure calculated to "better the lot of the worker or to curb
excessive wealth or profits; -but they
•realize that all such reforms are, and-
in the nature of things must be, -mere
makeshifts,' useful out temporary.
They consider them in the nature of
.palliative remedies administered, to
the patient to soothe his -pains and to-
strengthen his system "pending the
more radical treatment of the ibasic disease, "but entirely powerless to effect
t. complete'cure.
■Let ns imagine that the program of
reforms mentioned ,by Dr. Ryan has
been fully realized-. A minimum wage
has ibeen established .by law, the
length of the work days has been limited to a reasonable number of hours,
and iproper provisions have been .made
for the relief -of workers in- case of
■sickness, accident, unemployment, and
old age. Is it to "be assumed, that after
the enactment of such reforms the
workers would rest forever -passive
and contented; that they would abandon all "efforts toward further betterment, and that the'wheels'of social
progress 'would come to a snddeu
By, no means. „ The capitalist would
still make .profits from the .labor■ofthe worker, the worker would stillc
claim a larger share of the product.
This movement can not logically stop
until such time as complete social jus-
. tice shall be established by returning
that supposition in tiie statement that
the workers .-would be in a position to
the workers would be in"a position to
go farther, and,obtain an indefinitely
increasing- share of the national,product?' How -much farther they "would
be enabled'to progress, I, can not tell.
I am not a prophet. I can only indicate the next important' step, which
seems to ibe- continuous .with the .past,
and to be authorized .by experience.
Possibly, the (process _jwill go on until
Interest as -we now have it will be for
the most part abolished. Ihope so,
-but I .believe-"tliat this result will toe
reached not through -Socialism, .but
•through tihe' direct ownership -of the
greater part of the instruments-of production by the.workers themselves/by
such "methods ■' as ' .co-partnfersMp
schemes and co-operative societies,-,.
And I submit that this will ibe moije
democratic, more conducive to individual initiative, freedom, and opportunity, and in a hundred: ways more
desirable than a society in which the
State has a monopoly' of all social
power, and in "which the individual can
act only through the Staie.
Mr. HiHquit has, therefore, misunderstood my position -when he says
that I -would establish a terminal to
social progress "at an.indefinite point
in .the middle of the road.- I do not
.attempt" to fix a terminal anywhere,
for the simple reason that the faots
<!o not warrant such an attempt.
My opponent does set a limit to industrial evolution, namely, the Socialist State. In so doing .lie abandons the
position of tlie evolutionist for that of
tho Utopian. I am the more consistent
evolutionist .because I do not attempt
to forecast any final or fixed industrial system. The only utopla of which
I know anything Js on -the other side of
the grave.
• -My opponent contends that Social?
ism is the logical and necessary outcome and terminus of industrial progress. I do not see either the necessity or the logic; for I am unatole'to
accept the a priori social philosophy
which underlies Mr. Hillquit-'s social
faith and hope.
i\Ve shall see more of this in a later
chapter. In the meantime11 would observe that this -belief -in,Socialism as
the industrial finality is another .proof
that the Socialist is not more but less
scientific than the social reformer.
to the working populations a wbole
the, full product of their labor and.
abolishing all "workless- incomes,1 except in the shape of public support to
the weak and disabled1; in other words,
until Socialism shall be realized.
Thus Dr. Ryan and I start from the
samo premises, the realization of the
need of sadical social changes, The
difference between us is the usual difference between the Socialist and the
nonjSoi!iali8t reformer. The former
endeavors to follow the path of progress to tho end, while the latter remains faltering ancl inconclusive, trying to accomplish the impossible task
of establishing a terminal at an indefinite point in tho middle of. the
1 My opponent contends that many of
the proposals eet forth In. my main article nro contained In tho Socialist
platform, and that somo of them wore
first formulated by Socialists. The latter statement appears to imo to toe vory
doubtful. Of Into years tho Socialist
party haB been fairly enterprising in
adopting among its "immediate demands" reform measures wliich hn/Vo
attained a certain degrco of popularity, (ini claiming them ns Its own.
For cxnmplc, tho legal minimum
wage has been ndvocntad'nnd agitated
by different groups of social reformers for several years, but lt made its
first appearance In nn American Socialist platform In 1912. When It was
f*m.hiMllfil In iho Pnwrf'SHlvo platform
about a month Inter, some of the landing Bqolnllutu claimed that Itoosevclt
had Ktolon It from thorn!
As a ninilcr of fact, tlio Herman Socialists In tho early years of Uielrptir-
llniiK'iitnry activity oppoHC-rt fonio very
I. Thou shalt -have no other boss
but me.
II. (Thou shalt not take for thyself
any comforts, or the likeness of anything in .thine own interest, neither on
earth, nor in the -heavens above, nor
in the pit below. Thou shalt bow down
to me for I am thy boss and a jealous
"boss. I will show thee no .mercy but
thou .must keep -my commandments.
IH. Thou shalt not take the name'
of thy boss ln vain lest he discharge
thee at ouce or within two weeks of
the timo thereof.-
IV. Thou shalt work from seven a.
m. to six p.m., six days a week, with
all thy might, and with all thy
strength, and do all that I ask bf thee.
On the seventh thou shalt stay at
Qiome and do no manner of work but
recruit they strength to be spent in
-my service the following week,.
V. "Honor thy Ijoss that Lhy days
not want thee wheu thou art old. Thou
mayest spend thine old age in the
poor-house for aught that I care.
VI. Thou shalt not belong to any
union of any sort. Thou mayest not
put the united strength of thy fellows
against mc.
VII. Thou shalt always speak well
of mo. Although I oppose thee and
continue to cut wages and exact long
hours thou shalt be content. I will
give thee work, .what carest thou for
VIII. Thy life may be miserable
and thy house empty, but toll diligently that thy boss may *0c well paid, his
houso well furnished nnd that he mny
ride ln a big machine. Thou shalt hold
no 'meetings to discuss thy welfare.
Thou shalt make no demand for improved conditions. Thou shalt read
no union paper. It is best that thou
should not read at all, hut If thou must
read, rend a .sheet of my own that thy
head may be filled with nonsense and
thy purse empty to tho ond of thy
days.. Thus thy boss shalt haye a bol-
ly well filled nnd enjoy the fat of tho
land1, but thou must remain in Ignorance anil know the bitterness of want,
so that thou will do his will, Lay up
thy treasures In heaven but lot mo use
tbem "While on earth.
IX. Thou shalt not covet lhy .master's fat salary, his case, his luxuries
or anything that Is his. Thou shalt
uso thy hnnils in his sorvlco and thy
X. Thou nrt not pnid to think for
thyself bul to work for Miy boss, nnd
verily Iln unyoth unto theo, tho ngltn-
tor is lilt with a timo chock and his
days are short in his service.—Minors'
Tlio Aincrlcnn I'\'deration or Lnhor,
 j ..,....,,,. „,,1,„n. ,.,„..„,,,,   -ii Its W'p-oUlv NYwr lottor, under Iho .  ....        , ,      ,,,,,„„
noci'BHiiry   nuclei   H-tarnm;   Km-liillKiH 1 lmnil, "PIkIiUiii? dpi rit nf Iho-Michigan   "nibbing of my heart following Its
Translated fronTthe French, .with the
author's permission, by Sidney Carton. " 7--A.. ■■
After a day's toil in l?aris, taken up
with errands, talk and schemes, tbe
"train-burries'me toward the little'
country home where my beloved ones
are. .In the bumble garden I could.,
see my young companion waiting for
me, and the child she holds in her
ai-ms carries my looks and'smile'.' ' *■
Alone in my compartment I" lie
down and think. . . •. Another 'day
painfully, and >'et cheerfully, ' con^
quered, hour by -hour, amicLthe fever
and rush of the mostvindustrlous 'and
most human of cities, in this vParis,
which is my home; which I love with
a childish and unbounded pride, in
this Paris -wliich treasures my wealth,
my childhood recollections, my first
enthusiasms and my ioves of youth, in
this Paris which to me appears to
bold the most touching andi the most
sublime bit of earth and whose heart,
just like .mine, is all love and suffering.
Another of your intoxicating days,
my glorious Paris, which strips itself,
dies and already begins to fade away!
I -would like t-o" retain all your joys
and beauties, just as if I would hold
a stem of petals in the hollow of my
hand! I would like to carry home to
■mine all the plea-sure and- joy born
within and around me during this enticing and voluptuous day of spring I
would like to tell them of all the faces
and sadness I met, and deposit upon
their knees the sacred booty of. tenderness and- grief which my soul
brings forth from the passage througb
this forest of menl   ' •' X.
Alas! ■< I know that this is not possible! Our senses are too poor'and
the words have no power to express,
it. ... I am like a blind" man who'-
has passed through .gardens full of
flowers and returns with empty hands
. . . but already we are far, beyond
the city limits, and- have left behind
us tbe small gardens- and the poor
looking houses. The green field's and
open spaces appear now. After the
uproar and noisy crowds, behold, silence and earth's profound, sleep, that
nothing seems to disturb!
Henceforth, the field smiles upon,
.me and lures me. I go to the door
and expose my face to the caress of
the evening. The air which enters by
-cool fits.and assails my face charms
•me -strangely; it brings to me the
sweet fragrance of tbe blossomed,
apple trees and lilacs, the vast respir-"
ation of the lofty forests and green
fields. The soul of the-whole country
rushes through the -car's narrow door
passage and deliclously ' assails me.
My fascinated1 eyes, at tbe sight of
these colors and forms, transport me
to a delicate fairyland of sunset. To
,my fascinated gaze Paris is no more
than the profile of a hideous monster,
gorged with voluptuousness, -which
plunges into the earth and falls
asleep. .Conquered by the threefold-
sorcery of speed, spring and evening,
crushed by the ceaselessly' renewed-
and brisk emotions, I smile, unable to
resist to so much ldndne'ss' -coming
instant of pure, marvelous and absolute happiness. *X y
Ine joy of living! The heavy eyelids fall upon my dilated eyes. I
tremble like a leaf grazed by tbe
wind. Itseems to me that a being of
kindness and beauty bends over me
and passes its refreshing hands and
lip's over mv -face. •
I am no more thnn a humble, happy
thing lost ln the universal felicity of
things For a second I have no
proper existence, I sink' Into a voluptuousness that ls infinite, strange and
unrendoroiblo. I plunge, one would
say, into a sea of kisses and caresses.
■But soon this unsupportable and
acute stage, whose- extreme tension is
crushing, is followed' by a radiant mirage which suits me In a world of colored and rapid sensations. In tho Intoxication that -risos' from the fields
and transports me, 0 Paris, I recognize the frenetic intoxication of your
streets and crowds. ■ Suddenly your
houses stand erect beside me, your
carriages and peoplo .parade before
me; I traverso your animated and
roaring streets; I stop on your sidewalks; I broatho your diist and sweat
and your rocolleotlon captivates me
completely. I nm ngnin in your grip;
I nm llko a lover, who, far, from the
warm and soft bod of his mistross,
still I'omomborH tho violent caresses.
All llicso bustles, all theso fragrances
nnd lilsHos, all Uiobo thrills which tho1
ovculng breeze burls to my face, nro
all yours, my beloved city! You np-
punr to mo, not llko'« pnlo and remote imago, but ronl and. alive, ulmoat
taiiBlblo! Your ' frowns, your' complaints nntl slglis welt In a aymphnnlc
chant, whoso ewoet notes nro abundantly lavished. Movod to tears, 1
listen   to   ihis   Biiiblimo   miml-i,   the
tt^-^-t **,-*w-:'ii* i
■ m*99>*4t9,4lil -8»-M[44-
l/J*-*s, .*fc *-,*V.
i .   ,      . . /(
11. ."is.-* ^ifa-*',''* f,u. ■ ■
I'vorywhor* Mi'lmi'dluntn purh ni«':i"i-
uivs to party wolf nro nud I nul Ich; nml
no HorlallKt pint form, ho fnr as I mu
awiin,, ■utmiiiliin a blnnl.- ivfonn pro-
powil which wns not lmrrowcd from
iion-iior-liillht HOUrci>H. From llie Bo-
rlnllHt vin\\|inliil, liowovor, nil thofo
nml similar pollolcH urn cnnnletent and
Tlio reformative principles nnd
(inoiiKuroH which lmvo Ihmhi Hltotchod
in my preceding nrtlclo nro mhiplod to
moot HjiPf'INriillv nil the inn In hIiiihob
of our proHont Industrial aystein, In
Kroator or lctH iWritfi thoy \u\vi* nil
wltliHtooil tho topt of oxpcrlonoo, Thoy
can bo in ii do effect I vo ns rnpidiy ne Is
ooimlstont, with tlio limitation*! of lm-
mini uutiiru, tlu* It.fiHoiirt of lilntory, nnd
Justice to all rlasucs of tlio community.
When thoir full results have lieen fit-
tallied; whon n riec-ont minimum of
working nml living conditions lmu
Iwou eectirod <to all persons; whon tlu*
«ront 7imJorlty of nil tho worlrore pone-
orb nemo where In the motinn of pro-
rtitMln-n • wli on orntmro'lo -nntKirfnnltv
tut* becomo -wiultably dletrtbutod,
Utrou&ft iiiu-.irt-.fi.ii *.\l\i*.^i.luii .'u.-J itJu
abolition of -private monopoly: whon
no capital le ablo to net more than the
competitive or ordinary rate of tutor-
oat; -when unusual profits nro iiohhIIiIu
only t-othoiw) d-lreetori of indimtry who
.. *,        . *.   i *  ,    **■ .
"III     Wk-i-ll'O     <M... ,^'U.Ja..      4*1...      ■■■     ..      *..-.-
Iowa can produce unuiually larAM
amounts of product; and whon the
worklnu claim le In a ponltlon to *w-
euro an ever-lncrmiftln* nhnre of the
natlonnl pnwlu-rt, up to the limit of In-
cluatrlal resourrrii and social woIMie-
Inff—thon thoro will ho nothing left of
film mh.iuI iitu-Mli/o bxiMii th.-vt he&Uhy
meaaure of dlecontent whteh le a o6n-
rtltfon of 'till liiWIvidiii"!! At*vi*lofmn*nt
Wid socliil jirogroM.
*! The Next Step Forward
My opponent attribute-** to me <h**»
UtoiiRht that,, ivhi-ri tho roform* that I
* Unve ndvocatod had ttotti ronllse.1. mv
dai pivijfi*** wouli Atop ani (ho TvorV-
- <j-nj twom* "ptintn* .ifJ -rninl-Mitw!."
f'nppor Mlnni-H Iiisplrlm" nnd  I ml Ion
live or victory," hud tlio following:
"Mnjor nnd minor iIIvIhIoiih of tho
uiT'inluf'd labor mnveniorit nro ncllvo-
ly oiiRiiRrd In nriting tlm unions nffll-
Inlod with the American Federation of
l-nlior to contribute not less than flvo
ooihh por mombor to uhhIhI lliu coppor
tnhiorH of Michigan, This utrugglo Is
liolnu nuiilo 4o <'htnl>llnli n decent
Htandnrd of living, Tlio minora, only
imrttally orgtuilzod boforo tho strlko,
urn now nieniliorH of thn mlnnrH' union, Tlio horolc Hiicrlflffis thoy nro
unking mimt. nppeiil to tlio orirnnlzod
work mnn of tho ontlro country. Tlio
United Mino Workera nro Runoj-oUBly
Hiding tho nietnl mlnorn. but thore nre
many tliniiHniiili to mro for, nnd or-
ganized labor ne a wliolo la urged to
do It» sham In providing •iietenanro
thnt tlio contost may bo continued.
Million* have been taken from tho
■eopjmr mlnos with not a »ln«li»
thought of Uio coppor minor., Fabul*
ons dlvldondii have been dcclnrod
while the miner hnn worked for only
.4.      « |        . ,4,4 | I
f,t..4,,^4i.,49      -**V     ..It,.*     4.,J      >*-«•-■* >**.-.»     „*a^b*«fl
li»«t, TRmlhnldonM bv ilti* flnollMv -of
tho copper miner, tho employer! seek
to starve the lest vontfKe of (ride-
pfttdotiM** out of him hy making hi*
pro«w»nt offorfe fiitlto. Thin li n trnd<*
union fldht. It Ir thn duly of evory
union man to do his tihtxr-t*. Rpaponrl
jnaKmifilRioiiiily lo We,.-cull, nnd ior-
ward all contributions w> Frank Morrison, necretnry American Federation
of Labor, Ouray Ilullding, Wanhlngton,
I). C.
I'liy-tlini nnd—wonder of woiidors—In
this viihL am! miraculous fount of
spring I hoard dlBtluotly tho song of
hopo nnd rovolt, of Uio mon of todny!
Ah! If they eould only know how
much my youth loves them, they, my
unfortunate 'brothers, so onuer for
happiness and justice, forever tortured nml deceived, IT tliey could
only know tlio dreams I dream for
thornt All! To bo nble to cry out:
hot us listen to thn advicn of things.
Lot. uh lovo encli oilier!
Whnt Joy would It no, In similar
overlings, to confide ourflolvos to tho
first porson wn moot, toll lilm ot our
hopes and dreams for tho futuro.
' My most solltnry -sentiments got a
hold on my soul, time I do not dare
to rnnfrftff and which mnke others
laugh! I find great pleasure In big
words, which, nevertheless, glvo my
rovory n definite A'nd moro humnn
form, riirnecB whoso hnnnllty, at this
moment, touch me more than the
cadence of tho most beautiful poems,
nre mimic to my oars nnd food foi*
my brain; intoxicated vy (aiui, i allow
Lijai.-t li> l'i ■i-jii"13i,^i(fl V Iblr un
known eloquence tpouUn-g forth from
tho Innermost rccoiso* of my bolng. I
hear as If it woro the voice of a woman iiiurmurinjt (o my enrs tho
psalms of the new Wblo which pr6-
But the train, -whose brakes begin
to grate, slo,wly-,v\slackens its, hasty
and .monotonous, motion. We reach."a
small -station1 on the'outskirts. .Another train on-the opposite track,
making for - "Paris, - is awaiting tbe
starting signal. How' many destinies
and chimeras;-does if-carry? figures,1
separated by; slight" partitions, slide
before my eyes, so near just now,-1 and
hiardly are they 'seen than they disappear, undistinguished and indefinite
shadows:-. '•: . . - .
• At'last--;niy train stops . . ., in the
eiabrasurerof thedoor facing my com-
pa.rtm.ent~I>notice.tlie face,of a young
man, ;which 'suddenly gets a hold of
any, sight and conquers it! Energetic
and sunburnt face," with .visible traces
of dust and perspiration, boy and man
at the same time! ' I\ace of a young
worker, , intelligent • - and willing,
roiighly shaped'-by the efforts of the
race and-of the prococious struggle!
A*, sweet and. attractive' emotion
seizes -mo. -. . •.■This bronzed face,
with black eyes, red lips, fascinates
•me. It embodies all my confused
adorations, my unlimited hopes, the
past and the future. It is the very
face of my thoughts. I therein recognize myself, with all my rudeness ahd
courage. ..  ■   ,-
But hev, too, how he stares at. tne!
It is strange; it seems as if he wants
to -speak to me. Let him speak! Why-
should there be so many prejudices
between' -those who, even before they
'have uttered the first word, feel as
though they would- be .friends forever.?
.But I bear the whistle. ... At
■least before separating, if our voices,
have to remain silent, let our stares
penetrate • each, other and tie our
hearts. • Do. you understand what my
eyes tell you?- Oonvey to our brothers
down there the love I have for tbem!
I will speak of your young pride to
mine, when I get borne.
(Bnt you are • bending toward me!
What is it that you have to confide?
And why-this silence?.Let your heart-
speak, Comrade, your parting wordis
will-bang, on- my lips like a plucked-
flower. ...
But you are still bending, our faces
almost'touch. . . ..What is it that
you want? I do not understand. A
kis's? A kiss, that would be beautiful,
a strong, chaste kiss, from man to
'man, to seal such a pleasant meeting,
and, on, this spring '.evening which
■seems to have no end.
Come, quick, your train is moving;
come nearer. ...
There was no kiss. * . . .
,Spit, filthy spit, which corrodes and
burns me, hangs on my face like an
opened abscess.  ....
And. louder than tlie racket of tlie
departing train rises, shrill and' victorious, a lugubrious sneer which appears to be eternal. ...
' This time it will come all to an end.
Forever will I, snatch from.my* heart
love of men, as with my "shrivel nails
on my handkerchief I snatch the horrible filth. So muck-the better if-I
bleed! .I.'can well lose a few drops
•of my blood to wash*'off this insult,
blood ifor-you! "
Thus you have always .replied to' .my
tenderness witli sarcasm, to my kiss
of friendship with disgrace. Expect
no more pardon from me. Like a dagger you have planted hatred in my
heart; • hence you will allow me to
make use of it. I want,to become a
wolf among wolves and 'learn to bite
as tfliey do; my teeth are still young,
Cy .making some effort I will know,
just like somebody else, how to be
ferocious. Rather than humiliate and
impose silence, I will allow my instincts to develop and be satiate with
flesh. If you ever- incite ,them, they
will leap to your throat- and lash to
.pieces your breast and face, ^oe to
you If I over 'loosen tho boast!
Nevertheless how much fragrance is
scattered through this beautiful evening. There is no feast more intimate
and more affecting than yours. Springtime. Tho field is all white with the
blossomed apple trees. How everything -conspires and works for my
happiness, But you have deprived mo
of the right to bo happy; you, whom
I called my -brothers!. Since lt ls your
wish, I will have to hnto you.
.How I would havo llkod to smile; dt
is so sweet to "bollove! You do not
know, you little homo, all tho disgust
and loathsomonofls your unn'St'er ln
now bringing with lilm! I was coming
toward you radiant, full of mirth, confldoneo and lovo; bitf men enmo and
threw all In tho river. All' there is
left Is ono grent pain. Ah! .to -weep,
yes, to wopjp my last tonra, to.empty
my old, foolish honrtj to lovo no
moro; to hope no more; to got n faco
nnd a soul Just llko tho others!
I ciinnot, Onco moro am I touched
to tlio bottom of my .honrt. Tonrtor-
noss cnptlvntos nie; I slammer Incoherent words which burn iny lips; my
clii-sped fists roliis," my nrms renoh out.
h'ool mil coward, you ought to fool
only lintroil nnd wrath!
I cannot. I cnmiot, There Is too
much happiness In the nlr this ovon-
ing. . . . Nrontho, my soul, my poor,
foollBh soul, lot. yourself bo pomuuleil.
1,0,1 us ruturn to dosplsn mini mildly.
Let us get rcvoiigp. Let us lmvo pity
ror tliom. ...
Como! with nil your spit, you will
not bo nhlo to hinder mo from loving
nnd pitying you. ...
VANr.mtVBn!1 Nov. 10.—Lnhor mon j
,n.i t.*uht»-..U-*i'-.UK tlm tulvliUliXij «.f »*.ii-
-tiirlni; Uio uollUcfll tittua lur,., uiul a
meeting will be held tomorrow ovon-
lii« in tlio Lnbor Terni'l*'. fii-l iho
ances, sings of the death of thn old,
unjust and cruel world nnd proclaims
for ell men tho right to bappiness and
I am utterly unable to grasp how
thl** <>n*wgy got Into my body, thus
exaltin* my spirit. Why itm I nlono
nt Uii* monwit Why cannot tlm «in-
Uro world toenr my voice It would
test Ilia a Icfsa on niftny ft torf*l\t*nit
und create now bope*. Jf another
mnn w©rt» here only, a man ablo to
widf.-r*iand and whew bosrt wmilfl
throb just like mine.  Ab!   If I could
Trades tind Lnbor Council will U* ro»
presoTiled nt th» meeUng, which ts to! pros* my eWM to my heart ! think
dftcW-ft wliftb^r labor wr, hbuM tinn \ thst ho wold t<*\, thwwmh «h^ pr**-
tn politic*and run condM.itm horo torfmtro ot mt arms, tha Immensity of
Bul have I not explicitly rcpudhtM I the provincial Jtotw, j my lor« VtA «wmi»»
By Polonlus
Tho wonry judgo sat on the bonoh.
Sleep was In his eyes. Dronrlly tho
court clerk droned tho charges against
the prisoner* as they wero brouRht before the Cadi. Hit mind was tblnldng
of,othor things. Uo was rabollont; bo
was being overworkedi /ho was underpaid.
Hnd ho not boen working an avorago
fff     frt*t"**»    limm-m     ■* f 9,     /,,A*i%^t'     (Iftift    '   \TTf\yit\
not his wanes outretpeeusly low? Only
itiiitisil* pur week, ililSii, per day, U*i
pet" hour! A disgrace to the land!
Exploiting tho Judiciary In the land of
prosperity I   For shame!
Suddenly bo was startled to hear the
clerk announce that a striker was to
•ini tiwHt'O. i'rib itihve -ima ■Jm.rinl io -titui*.
out of tho factory, and "aomand more
money nnd a shorter workday.
Tho Cndi looked up, Sho was a llttlo
strlkor; she wna bo young; Bho was
even pwtty. »
The charge?  Picketing.
Shameful, unladylike, disgraceful!
"WJinn blHMitistled Willi your U tx
week wage, you dared to interfere
with anotlnr ulrl who was willing to
work for your former oraploy^rr be
All the CiiiH'a aoaahofrd wss arous*
edf   He would see that Justice wat
doneil   Tho   rnl»or«We,   dissatisfied*,
tat*. uhlfiUf**** TOTlffrs!
. "Thirty davs!
"Nestl'<-Th« New York Call.
TWO.SUGGESTIONS FOR   ':       ~-v
. i ■>■$■* -—-v. -t;i       .;
After Germany's ..rejection of Great
Britain's prpposal .through Winston
Churchill of ^an entire'cessation "of
ii&val ship -building ifi^r a year, "our Secretary of the-Navy, Mr. Daniels, rises
to second tfte Churchill motion. -,JiIr.
Daniels,; after ,an -'enthusiastic 'advocacy of a greater, navy, suddenly finds
that the whole'business is ,'a .vicious,
circle, and wbrseVjfor he has discover
ed at last," what all'naval sharps'know
at the" commencement- of'the - dread-.
nought era, that "our navies-are.being
■made • 'less .- adequate" iby ■■' ■ increasing
them.".-This-"anomaly,".a-s he calls
it, is simply"the" recognition ttiat'evcry
ship of the new. type that, is -built renders'-the old" type more and more oibso'^
lete,-jmd*,'as the, latter'.are:-still the
most numerous'in all navies,- it follows
that for a 'time-at .'least, .the" more
dreadnoughts are built, the weaker apparently- becomes the -naval' power of
those 'building them. ■ Probaibly it was
this discovery, of-a contradiction that
inspired his advocacy.ota year's naval
holiday for all hands'.'.'
. /f.he contradiction, however, is .more
aspparenfthan real, as -can easily ibe
perceived if wb consider .the status of
one of-the so-called great powers that
built no -dreadnoughts whatever, There
is none such, to be sure, .but if, for ex-"
ample; Germany^ had built no dreadnoughts, Mr. Daniels would hardly,
contend that her navy of dreadnought
types was -more adequate. , The Ger-"
■mans, besides, could-.hardly afford to
rest secure in Uio belief that the British thought them all the stronger for
not -constructing any,ships of the new
type.  ' , ' .      -
It has .become a favorite method.' of
description among advocates of the
cessation of warship building to allude
lo tbe activity .in this respect-as'a
"ma-doiess,", a "mania," a "craze" for
armaments. The whole .matter, .per-.
haips, may .foe termed a lunacy, but it
is very -evident that the majority who
declare it to*.be such are not expert
alienists ln tliat -particular -form of
aibberation.     *, . '
The nations, as a .matter of fact, are'
no more -lunatic in this .matter than
they ever were. What makes it, alp-
pear so is nothing more nor less than
the fact that, effective warships in
these days have increised so tremend-t
ously in cost.' The modern dreadnought today costs from $10,000,000 to
?15,000,000, and the price, like the cost
of living, is -continually going up. A
generation or two ago, a first class,
line of battleships could be built for
one-tenth of the, cost of a modern
dreadnought, and a generation earlier
the wooden three-decker could lv> constructed for one-twentieth of that cost.
It is doubtful if there are very many
more .warships of all lands afloat today than there were in, say, 1850, but
their aggregate cost is "perhaps fifty
times greater all round.
.Nor is the "anomaly" Secretary
Daniels speaks of a new thing by any
means. The transition from sail.,to
steam propulsion brought exactly the
same condition. The first war steamers built' rendered every navy 'less
adequate by increasing it," by. diminishing the war effectiveness" of*.-th?
sailing warship, and the same-is true
of tlie introduction of the armored iron
vessel that 'supplanted the wooden war
j3teamer.__. ^ ; ^ "_
Our histories Telat"e^witirpfide~th"ar
after the combat between the Monitor
and Merrimac in Hampton Roads,'
Great 'Britain'suddenly woke, up to tho
disagreeably facts that her "wooden
walls" were merely a useless pile of
lumber for defense purposes.. She at
ouce set-about the task of making her
"navy less adequate by increasing it."
She built iron-clad vessels, but, as
they did not cost very much .more than
the vessels thoy supplanted, nobody
thought she was crazy for building
them. Rather, on the contrary, It was
considered a wise move, -for all the
rest, of tlie world with a few exceptions immediately began to follow ber
example, as they nre now doing In the
mutter of dreadnoughts.
Tho troublo is, as we said, with the
high cost of armaments solely. And
the proposition to stop constructing
thorn for a year Is about as silly as
asking tho peoplo of Europe and America to quit eating for a year in order
to-reduce tho lilgh cost of living, No
doubt there are many peoplo who sincerely wish they could' do so, Just as
thero mnny capitalist politicians who
elnceroly 'wJbIi tbey could do without
IncoBsantly yielding mp thoir swng to
build warships,vbut wishes the power-
Iobb against economic -conditions, always wore nnd always will be.
Thoro Isn't 'going to bo any "naval
holiday,' nnd the-.belated (proposal of
Socrotnry Daniels la of no more vnluo
than Mint of tho original proposer,
Churchill, Dnnlels knoAfl Jt, too, for
Immediately nfter mnklng It ho ob-"
flowed thnt if tho groat nations didn't
agree to his .proposition thero was
nothing for tlio United Slates to do
but go on building blggor drond-
poufthtH and morn of thein. Which will
undoubtedly bo done.
1 Hut If current reports aro true, n
wny hns recently boon discovered by
which nil warship building could bo
ediuploluly utopiiml, If tlio friends of
iinlvorHiil dlsnrninnienl nro slncoro in
thoir .pro(ni*tntloiis. It hns now been
•provon by exiiorlnmnts on nn obaoleto
llrltlsh warship thnt by mcniiH of a
new sort of wireless spnrk, or "F ray,"
ns It Is cnllcd, warships cnn bo suddenly blown up nnd completely dostroyod
In nn instant by nn opnrator mnny
mllos away from the vossol. Just mnke
this knowledge universal by Jolting
the workmen In French and other nr«
HonnlB Into tlio secret, und the thing
can be dono neatly nnd with dispatch,
Tt would bo the easiest matter possible
to smnsh to pieces every dreadnought nml oilier warship in tho
world. Only let tho ronl nntl-mllltnr-
Ists get bold of this secret and thn
thing Is done, nntl the bourgeolse permanently rolleved of what n nr;:ls;i
Lord of tbo Admiralty once called
"this devastating, horrlblo oxponso
that Is "Plunging tho world into sure
and certain bnnkruiptoy." The "navnl
holiday" could thon bo continued por-
Does nny one think that if Daniels
.po»»*dn»v>u: Uii* ttnu'-ut fie woui-i iiuk-u
It known with tbo Intention ef -putting
a permanent stop to wnrshlp construe
tionT Hardly. Not nny moro than tha
British may bo expected to. lie would
want It used io blow up the other fol*
l\j*h   "tiki, ju.il. ttt, \ii*3 kW-mtoii iui'ittitU  -AJ
uso It. If the means ot bringing about
universal pento were, iput Into tho
hande of Uio most ardent peace advocates of the Daniels type, thev would
not dare to uso it. Ilather would tbeaa
bypK-rltos prefer to let tho world slide
Into bankruptcy, while they yanp use*
lessly aW/ut thii Mipr-hmo il-nslnihility
of peace.
'AjX ;4'^Wt|
m I Qtm Wiil, 1 Do "
'        "      A'Fac-SimifaofiProf.Ge^ ^ •■
Bald at 20
Restored at 30.   - Still have it at 55
"If you don't do it. HI got eome one
who will," This expression Is often
heard by Job-rtiaters.
Instead of sympathising with a poor
working tn»», jroa •otneHm«« g*t better result* by telling him that he la a
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.   **   -i>
A NICE FULL HEALTHY head' of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free"'
from Irritation, or a bald head'and a diseased and irritable'scalp covered -
with scales, commonly called -Dandruff;    .   . .       ,.'•'..« ■*,■
SCALES ON THE SCALP or an itcUy irritation "Is positive' proof your liair .
and scalp is-in-a diseased condition, as-scale'commonly called Dandruff, '
originates from one of the follow IngParasticlal Diseases of the Capillary^
Glands, such as-.(Seborrhea, Sicca, '.-Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Excema) ,
-and-certain to result in absolute ,baidncss unless"cur^d before the' germ'"
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair ls ab-
aolutely  unnecessary  tind „very  unbecoming.,'
ALL DISEASES OF' THE HAIIt fade away   like   dew   under- my' scientific .
treatment, "and I posltiely have the only-  system _ -of  .treatment  so-far  -
known to science that is positively and    permanently   curing   diseases'
.of the hair and promoting new growth.   The hair.,-can  be' fully restored-
to its natural thickness and vitality on all heads.that still show fine hair
or fUzz-to"prove the rootB are not dead.   ' 'o ".■-">
1 HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment  for  out, of. the  eity  people
who cannot come to mo for personal   treatment   ("WHITE ■ TO-DAY)   for
• question  blank and fttll  particulars. "Enclose   stamp   and   mention   this
paper., My prices and terms are reasonable.   My cures are positive and ■
permanent.  , ' '■ -        -  •
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 "Years Practical Experience." -
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
R 0 Y A L
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything .
Gall in and
see us once
:     ftAlfmiBg
fc=|/ *
'MI-1-r—— -Ty
We. Are Ready, to Scratch
. *-■, • o   ,
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found just aa we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
,i  .    --'
This Lumber Business
, When you v&ni' spruce we do not
send you hemlock. -When you buy
tlrst-class lumber we don't slip ini -a
lot of culls, ir Those who buy once from
us always coine again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't.encounter if tfeey-bought their lumber
here.-     '•  • ■     *,,   ";  - .   _.•»•_.   \
Advertise in the Ledger.
. and get Results.
-' "        _— Dealers In — t
Lumber, 'Lath, Shingles,,' Sash and
.   Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD-—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.-' ' *
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up	
Reserve and Undlvld- total Aneti	
ed Profits         8,100,000 '
0, R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pree.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,  Kjimloops,  Michel.   Nelson,,.
Revelstoke, Vancouvor and Vlctorlv
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of depovlt,
Sill EDMUND wAl.KUH, C.V.O., LL.1)., D.C.L., President
tionuml Miimi-jcr A»»l»lnnt Genvml Mannaer-
CAPITAL, $15,000,000        REST, $12,500,000
Accounts may be opened at every branch of Thc Canadian
Bank of. Commerce to be operated by mall, and will receive the
same careful attention as ls given to all other departments of the
Bank's business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank.       M
*■*   /■%?   a«  w
Awn* 4i
tf    4M**H*||*< » '   **
SEM 864
Notico Is horeby given that a Dividend nt tho rate of
Seven nor cent (7 p.c.) ner annum upon tho paid-up Capital
Btocte of this nenk htxn ween declared for tlio three morel ha
ending tho 30th of November, 1013, and that tho unto will bo
jNiSnUjlti ut il* 11 wiil Oil'lwi mh. liittuuUuti itu uuvl attar
Monday, 1st Doctwnber, 1013. Tlio Trantfer Hooka will be
dosed from the 16th (o tlie 30th Novombor, 1013, both day*
inclusive. ,/
11/ Order of the Hoard,
General Manager,
'toronto, OotoW !Uy4, I'M.      '       - . *
•■4*1'   -
■i. ■:i-;V -.^4>-fti,fV^.  -->%*.& -'
- . v. *    A?-^'-ira>-— --J-J-*•  ,,\*ii2\.A4 >
•• A." J* ,»'-'i'4"»\-pt'i °»       >->'.--*;•*
:&&•  *-
$he Hotel
One of the:
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
i •
You're always welcome here
'* *  i •   i	
Clean Rooms,'Best of
Food and every ,
~ .   i , , •_
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg.
TEE PISroiOTeLEppEB.jfiiBlnE, B. C; NOVEMBER ■!«. 1913.
■ A */-lsv
; I) I--**
News of tfye iHstrict Camps
(Continued from Pa^e 5)
 •    - -      ,i-     -'' ..     •
Beware <rf
Sold on the
Merits of
P. Carosella
Wholesale LiqUor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Fernie-Foit Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good, Board
Ross &, Mackayl1^!:
Liquor Co.
Wholosale .Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Pull supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beef, Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8aus>
•get for tomorrow'! break,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56 Wood 8treet
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Pint class Horaet for Sale.
Buys Hornet on Commlilon
A "Lodger" adv. Is an
List of Locals District 18
(Continued from- PageSFive)""
-.According to information to hand
the Burmis mine is not completely
-shut -down, there being just a'tew miners -still retained. It is expected that
things -will move as good as ever in
the near future.
■We have all-kinds of rigs' here'in
Passburg, including wheel .barrows, au.
tomo-biles and various other tripes'" of
vehicles, .but we are now to have a
racing,go-cart. (What next? Trouble!)
Alljithe boys who are desirous of
joining the -Male Voice Party of Passburg do, so after the 12th of 'this
month.   .-    ,
.The -dancing fan9 of Passburg are
figuring on starting a dancing class for
the winter months. If they can get the
hall at a reasonable price there will
be something doing right - away.
..There has been quite a bunch of enquiries made of late here in Passburg
as to who kissed the baby. Well, the
Observer happened to be near
\yhen this strange question was asked
of an (individual with whom the Observer ls well acquainted. Tom made
the following', reply in order to satisfy
the curiosity of the inquisitive ones
and seeing that -It was no crime: "It
was I that kissed the kid." (Bully
Tom!) -
Can Plcton has,severed his connection with the Lelteh Coal Company
and is now fir© bossing at Bellevue
No. 2. However, we are all pleased to
note that Dan has a warm spot in him
tar the little burg yet, as we see' him'
onn nearly every: occasion of note.
Come again, Dan, you have more
friends than foes:
The wedding of Bob Glover and Miss
Maggie Jennings ' was solemnized,, in
the Presbyterian Church here in Passburg on Monday last, ami this a'dds
two more to the noble army of martyrs. It was a nice quiet wedding, after -which the party were the guests of
Mr. and .Mrs. R-e-dfern for the day.
They were not to be left long in waiting for company, as the shiveree Iboys
were right there with the oil cans and
after the boys *}iad .played a few of
their choicest selections Bob came
through nicely. The band then ad-
journed for refreshments. The people
of Passburg "all join in wishing the
happy couple happy days.
We are pleased to report that the
dance held ai Burmis on the 7th for
the benefit of H. Yearby was a great
success froifl the word go. There was
a good assortment of music, -which
was supplied by the Hadlem orchestra
to, perfection'.- Further,- there was a
big assembly of'fine dancers .present,
fifteen-or "twenty couples being on the
floor at a time. Much credit is due
to the boys who conducted the dance
and who kept the floor in best condition ipossitole. r -It was during the interval for supper that someone kissed
the baby. -,-,'•
jWaJtch out for 'the grand dance .to
be held in the Sla-vok-Hall.- Preparations are in' progress and it' is expected to be a knockout.   The Observ-
week's issue.   -,'-'•-"
Our old - friend Ed. Thomas has
flo-wn away. - It seems that there is
always some unfortunate pieco of business awaiting Ed. when he^ returns
to settle down, so I guess he has given
up all -hopes, of settling down any more
after the severe check he received of
'late.   (Too bad, Ed.)   *
Our old friend Tom Coram met with
an accident more than1 a -week ago in
tlie mine and did not think it necessary to quit work,, but owing to the
groat pain he Is suffering has been
compelled to quit work. However, we
trust that Tom will soon bo ,well.
*> +
♦ <<►♦♦♦*;***■*+-* +
District President Smith and International Board Member Rees address-
od tho local union at a .mooting, hero
om Sunday, Nov. 2nd. The President
mado his reiport as delegate to the
Trades nnd Labor .Congress In Mont-**
ronl, which wns extremely interesting;
recommended a few changeR in tho locnl union, nnd wound up with a recommendation for nil mombors to honr
Uro. "llob" Wnlkor -speak about Uio
strike on "tho Island,
Bra. David Rees substantiated nil
our President's statement's and brlofly
outlined tho organization's" -purposes
and requirements In connection' with
tho vnrlous Btrlkos lt Is now conduct-. I
Ini?, Thn nows Hint many of our brothers hnd boon sontoncod to vnrlous
.torms of Imprisonment enmos ns u
vory unplonsnnt shock to our members, wlio thon nntl thoro gnvo our
District renroBoiitntlvofl carte blanoho
to net, nnd to not nt onco, on bohiilf
of .our unforlunnto comrades,
At, n largo mooting horn on Frldny
Inst, Bro. F, Poiw'son occupied tho
chnlr mul Introduced tlio speaker of
tho ovnnliiK, Uro. "llob" Wnlkor, Comrade Walker outlined the true stato of
affairs on tlio Island, and Ills rovoln-
tions camo <ih a Brent surprise to all
Uio new nrrlvulH who fondly believed
Unit whorovor rhe Ilrltlsh flair Wonted,
jiistlco and .freedom wont hand-In-
liand, -Ho Is 1o ({peak again on Sundny, no won, lirliiK your wives nnd
swootlienrts nnd not a notion of Iho
nolvlo .flirlit your -slstors aro making on
brriialf of Uio causo.
Comrado "Hob" Walker, or the Is-
land, Ih to spook on Saturday, "payday,
at 7 o'clock, taking as Ills subject "Tlio
Materialist, Conception of History,"
ami In-londH to stay herd for a lil/tle
wlillo In ordor to reorganize the S. P.
of 0. loiml and to stnrt a clnBH Jn economics.
onF'^h*8'1 and JoLn ttosirorth were
severS 0 ^mf twen*y-*»ve miles for
X vE***- 'last week looMn& *°r
however 7**^ nottl5nS *>*•■ tracks,
•?£™T£n -and returned after a weary
a Pt ™ Sunday evening.
i'JL Vfials and Mrs. Blais drove up
S„Sk Wednesday afternoon, returning m the.evening.
p ^Tflf Grint' of theI*- N. W. M.
w Z$k Am formerly stationed here
S---7,V««t>r the 'past seven months has
'^fj^ted at Standoff, is slated to
^JfaM0Coleman ia the n«ar ^ture.
S?°iSit Browne,-who.has been in
wi,^ wiii lre> *as made many friends,
h!Z rZilJ** ,sorry t0 kllow 'he is leaving Colen^an
♦v,*6?«^ .JOameron was compelled
J.TfL llness t0 relinquish work and
^ ™* tiospltal last week.   Mr. Cain-
n.T w! r.been unwe11 for fi°H>e Ume
■ana ms i^any frlenda will re ^ t
kn^'°nUs indisposition.
resident r\ reap?r claimed anotber
m« m-.i ast week in tlle person of
S ni^olm' wh0 live(1 Ju«t east of
,w»n*0H ^g the Bla'rmore road: The
««r.fn„™ $ad*nc>t ,be<jn man>r months
2« in== Scotland and leaves to mourn
liTn^ ^ husband and a number of
Sr!v\ne fun€ral took place on
wu?,'««, ho services were held at the
nf t^ llal Chu"*. conducted by
ii' }L Murray, which a goodly
number or toWMtolk attended.
„ni°L a^011 was in town from Bellevue on Monday.
i,„ .^Ln n:ow> who for a week or more
ia!,.,te^^disposed with rheumatism,
„a=t,f!'^!aure was tke victim of a
w L ™ident on r^iesday. While driv-
w. m^rmore his h0VSQ t00k fright
««h ■«« th1;e and Intel's automobile
JJf^J^ay,   Mr. Faure was thrown
SK?ived' sever6 tojurles which
Zlll wohim-'nd0°rs for a few days.
en's mill     WaS 'caught near  McLar-
2.°7^?*?ndeilt'regrets the error, re
ferred to
last week.
in. .Mrs. Kilgannon's letter of
„M,r i„f„: He1 thought he was creditably mtoi>med in, the matter £rom re.
,fSeS >nsidered by him to be re-
I^wf™^rrors will crop in at times,
H and we had no thought of
•awl    *he writer o£ the letter m\
tr.™,, CL(lilbson' <?f Lethbridge, was in
t07n°n .Wednesday.
ti,^-,^.' of Vancouver, registered at
%  SaB Hotel' Tuesday.
fJlxLJS™- of ^<U°™ Hat, was a
.  ™?\vVlBltor this week-       '
h-AL woo  Kinsey> of Toronto, an old
AAitJ„„ tern shoe traveller, called- on
L°'eman 'merchants on Wednesday.
fl". __.^oodeve & Co.'s window pre-
zer "was appointed secretary, and
Thomas Boyle teacher of economics.
C. 31. O'Brien will give a lecture in
the Coleman Opera House on Sunday
night, Nov. 16th. Everybody welcome.
A conference of delegates from the
various 'co-operative societies in the
Pass is called to meet at Prank on
Nov. 12th. Report of the proceedings
will appear next week in the Ledger.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ' ♦
sents an
„e *,,,.„ l^ttractivoly arranged display
or turn%re ,and toousehold £UTni,sll.
Ti3riV,f' ^rter- accompanied by Misses
."f^S4 Marguerite, left on Friday
r?L;J ?x' Alta->' where they wHl in
future re^jjj^ -
,rQnlr-,i1nSott'0U(i' wh0 for m°re than a
lVlL*«i been employed by the Inter--
™7-™nll Coal  Company as assistant
ior i( ergie> where l]le win take a       j,
tion in- blie iJnlne at that ^lMe_
„/• ^rJ!n*S. of the .Mines' Department,
Ldmontoh, was in town on Tuesday.
♦       C(Heman Local No
Some members of the Mounted Police are apt to get into hot -water as a
result of revelations made by T. Ed-
iwin Smith, a farmer at Yetwood, regarding their actions in connection
•with a raid upon Diamond City and
Chinook mines in September. An article appeared in, the Lethbridge
Weekly News dealing with the affair
on Oot. 23 and tlie following letter has
been received regarding it:
Regina, Sask,, Oct. 27, 1913;
Sir,—Supt. Wilson1 commanding the
Mounted Police at Lethbridge has forwarded to ,me a press report under
your signature in the Lethbridge
Weekly 'News of the 23rd inst. In
which you denounce the actions of the
■Mounted Police for tlieir action taken
in connection with certain liquor
cases at Diamond City.
You say the actions of the -police
were unnecessarily brutal. If you
will put your charges as to brutality
into writing, an inquiry under oath
will be held by .Assistant Commissioner Cuthbert at a date to be fixed at
your convenience, and all your complaints will then be thoroughly inquired into. ,   .
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
T. Ediwin Smith, Esq.,
Yetwood, Alta.
Mr. Smith has sent the following reply:
Yet-wood-, Alta., .Nov. 10, 1913.
Commissioner, R. N. W, *M, -P.,
'Dear Sir,—In reply to your letter of
the 27th ult. I make the following
charges against the Lethbridge Mount'
ed Police'who took part in the arrest
^f men accused of violations of the
Liquor Act at Diamond City Sept. 23,
' The .police were unnecessarily brutal in their treatment of the .men before their trial.   Instances:
Putting handcuffs and leg shackles
on   peaceable   citizens   and   keeping
them chained for hours..    ,.
" Keeping men without food all day.
Keeping .men in wet clothes on <i
cold- day. -   - •
' Hauling a sick man out of bed.    ,
Slaking a public exhibition' of men's
plight. -     '
Using abusive and obscene'language
toward prisoners. -.' ■
The police were unnecessarily,brutal in their treatment of the men after
tlieir arrest and conviction. Instanc?s.
Failing_to jrovide food for prison
which he did, and this -was put before
•the 'house and carried.
There was also a meeting iii aid of
a Christmas tree ,for the children After a few remarks a committee of five
was picked to get subscriptions and
buy .the presents. All desirous of assisting should send their donations to
Prank Owen, secretary. The smallest
donations .will be thankfully received
Mr. and Mrs. J. Johnson have got
their niece, Miss Moore, from Cranbrook, visiting them for a few weeks.
«. a^e your headings'and get one of
the big prizes offered.    .
Miss Hannah Sockett is returning
to the ranch on Thursday, which she
thinks is far more lively than Corbin."
The mine is working,steadily these
days. This is very satisfactory and
the uneasy feelings occasioned by the
preceding dull times have completely
vanished. We hope to see steady work
for the rest of the winter.
The opening of the new pool room
was celebrated by a big dance held
there on Saturday night. Thc affair
proved to be a huge success and the
ladies and gentlemen of this town
were treated to as fine an entertainment nsaever was held in Pocahontas.
The music was supplied by an orchestra of six, consisting of two cornets,
two violins, concertina and piano. The
floor was in excellent shape and the
manner in which'the N'o. ll's were
slung around was a caution to crickets. Songs rendered by Messrs. Clarke,
•lames, Ree* and .McDonald were
heartily encored. Jlr. James Barclay
as floor manager carried the affair to
a successful .issue and everybody present departed with Oie consciousness of
having spent a delightful evening. All
Join in thanking Mr. Villenrure; the
manager of the establishment, for his
generosity in submitting the .rooms
and for the excellent manner in which
the entertainment was carried out.
Charlie has his house banked with
/several specimens of the firv growth
of- the forest, including a -little birch
on the side. Some say this is a decoy
to induce any unwary- rabbit which
•may be passing in the vicinity to penetrate Its depths. Whether this is true
or not -we are not prepared to say, but
would suggest that the game warden
pay an occasional visit to Charlie's
domicile and ascertain if there be any
stray snares in the miniature forest.
„-Mrs. Chas. Chestnut was a visitor
from across the river to the dance on
Saturday night.
Miss .Emily Bowyer left for Edmonton on a visit to her sister, Mrs. David Guilliam.
Mr. J. .McLellan left town Thursday
night en route to the Pacific coal
fields.   The last week or so witnessed
Ak eminent scientist, the other day, -
gave his opinion that the most .wonderful discovery of recent years was ,
^the - discovery of Zam-Buk. Jiwt
think! As soon as a single thin layer
of Zam-Buk is applied to a wound or
a sore, such injury Ib insured against
blood poison! Not one species ot
microbe has been found that Zam-BuK
does not kill!
Then again. ,As soon asn Zam-Buk
Ib applied to a sore, or a cut, or to
8kln disease, it stops the smarting.
That is why children are such friends
of Zam-Buk. They care nothing for'
the science of the thing. <> All theyf
know Is that Zam-Buk stops their
pain. Mothers should never fo«et
this. •
Again. As soon as Zam-Buk is applied to a wound or to a diseased
part, tbe cells beneath the skin's surface are so stimulated that new
healthy tissue is quickly formed. This
forming of fresh healthy tissue from
lelow is Zam-Buk'a secret et healing.
The tissue thus formed ls worked up
to the surface and literally casts off
the diseased tissue above It. This It
why Zam-Buk cures are permanent.
Only the other day Mr. Marsh, ot
101 Delorlmler Ave., Montreal, called
upon the Zam-Buk Co. and told them '
that for over twenty-five years he
had been a,martyr to eczema. His
hands were at one time so covered
with sores that he had to sleep in
gloves. Four years ago Zam-Buk was
Introduced to him, and ln a few
months It cured him. To-day—over
three years after hts cure ot a disease
he had for twenty-five years—-he nta
still cured, and has had no trace of
any return of the eczema!
All druggists sell Zam-Buk at'50c.
box, or we will send free trial box If
you send this advertisement and a lc
stamp (to'pay return postage). Address Zam-Buk Co., (.Toronto.
A" large number of- Creekites journeyed to Fernie on Sunday last to attend the funeral of the late Tony Bab-
boni, who died as a result of the' accident in the boiler room. The 'Italian
band led.the cortege, followed by a
large number of. the Italian society
and members of the U. M. W. of A."
A special train was run from Coal
Creek for3the convenience of Creekites. Superintendent Shanks was present representing,the company.
The. board of management of the
Coal Creek Olub have decided to give
the-"boys" a convivial evening once a
month, the first -of tne series taking
place on Saturday evening last. Joe
1 Worthington occupied the chair and
the departure of many of the hovs  Cllai"lie Percy officiated at the piano
'No. Nnm*« fttr. nnd P. 0. Addrrrr
29 Dankhejid ..P. Whoatloy, llankbcad, Alia.
481 Beaver Creek  J. bouRhran, Heaver Croolc, via Pincher, Altn.
431 Bellevue........' .Tnmoi nurlco, Box HO, Ttollevtio, Altn.    .
2103 Blairmore , ,\V, h, T!vnns, Dlalrmore, Alta..
AM TJiirmlB      .'■ T. ft. TTi»,r!*n?.'T't"'^""',^,  M**.
2227 Cortiondalo J. Mltcholl, Carbondalo, Coloman, AU a.
18fi7 Canmore , ,N, D. Thaohuk, Cnnmoro, Alta.
2(133 Coleman J, Johnstone, Colomnn, Alta,
3877 Corbin j, Jonoo, Corbin, B. C,
1126 Chinook Minos Jas. Homo, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
21.78 DlnmonjJ City  J, 10, Tliornhlll, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
2314 Fernie Then. TTphlll, Fernlo, 11. C.
3203 Frank  lSvan Morgan, Frank, Alta.
2407 Hoimar W, Tlalderstovio, Hosmor, B. C.
1058 lllllcrest... .; Tan, Clorlon, HlllcreM., Alta.
R74 Lethbridge ..t..",L. 'Moore, 1731 fjlxth Avenue, N. Lothbrldgo.
1180 Lethbridge ColllerlM.,Frank narrlnglmm, Coalhurst, Alta.
2820.. Maplo Leaf ...T.'O. Harries, Fassburff, Alta.
2334 Michel .TI. Flmor, Mlchol. Tl. C.
14 Monarch Mine , Wm, Jlynd, Elcnn P, O., Taher, Alto.
J-1B9 Pititnbnrg ., T, O. Hnrrlca, Vtiftnfane, Altft.
11689 -Royal View ,.,, .boo. Jordan, Hoyal Collieries, Lethbridge. Alta.
102 Tabdr , A, I'altorsoo', Taber, Alta.
^m\%W     ^t^&     ^^P^      ^^&     ^^^     ^^^      ^^^      ^^^     ^^^     ^^^     ^^l ^C^      ^^^9
Tho Colnmnn Hotol litis undergone
nnotlior clmn«o of management and
ownership, the proiwrtv linvlnK boon
rooonlly o«<iulrod from A, Mutz by
the Fornlo-Fort Stoolo Browing Co.
Ji.i..    l.-J<i.,i,i»,   VI l    i'vi.liiv,   ib    tins   tint,
tnanaKor and took eharite on Tuesday
mornlnir. ,Tna Howell (late nrnnnwr)
will leave Bhortly with Mra, Howoll for
A montlnif waa held txi tho Tnntltu-
tlowil Church Club roomB on Tuesday
nlglit -which lind for Ita purpose tho
organization of a Llturary and IV.bat..
In«t Hooloty, Those who ntlended dc
■Hrtnd vol t-o nttf»mpt nnythlntf doflnltn
for tho ipr-wsont, but a commltteo wns
appointed to nrrango for a debutn two
weeks donee, the subject of which
would he—Newfllvcd Mint women nnf-
frawo ahon)d bo gran I-ml,
n. It Biirhnnnn was a Coloman vis-
Itor on Sunday Inst. Mr. Tlurhannn rn.
iiorU l>UHii>*Mut koo, In lJinc-h«r Crook
and district nnd enjoys IiIb new sur-
«,i«aIe3?e Jiea<Hn-8;s of this paper and
win <ir P 1*120 ,s '
w3i«i,ieillilr meeting of above Local
n£t S? NoVl 9,Ll1' Wo reeret t0 s«'
n, thn,, A11,ee'Ullg was n'° lbetter attend-
Ho -mono0 l"'0^113 one. Some dms-
„ ™®,"„Ur°s i™ under consideration
,vi,ni h' tllQ members .attend- somewhat bettor in future. ,
p^o^n,?,orres',olulei,ce was read from
„r   "''Sinllli relating to a dispute
mnnln*OaBF0Ut8  "   N°-  2  min0*   Cole"
ti,* mnn wl,loh tllQ comipaiiy wanted
n«T„ „" employed there to load their
Tvnfn1, Now w],on a- ™™ is em-
'f°Il\s iv contract miner ho Is not
VAWin V?aCl0r by ft"y mtmnf}' 0r vlC0
lli .iZ. uU1 miM-ors such as this should
™„n«7in?lorft,e<1' ftfl ,ltlH establishing a
tlio ond L oC w,lIcl1 wo 9lm11 ,HJVOT seo
t ILi'm movort nm1 seconded thnt wo,
S & 20IW' U< 'M- w' of- A- al,fi0'
Lin™  i fut0 nvficl° '' of th0 InvoHtl-
M,« nnm,0tW0Qn   ^''OBlflOU1    Smith   IllUl
nn«r^?l,Mlonop ot 't,lln ■WoaLorniConl
«f 1„ >R' Association ro tho loading
of coal ,.01)1 P]U,t0Bi
B.m"l?.llo» was -P"t before tho Locnl
n»" L Uo ,lR0 L1,I,L "° mo» oinployod
Lhnii ,,,'"l-oi'iiiilionnl Conl & Coko Co.
tlm n.l,m lfP   ""^   I'^VltO   COIltraCl,  WIt'll
a ?,n in, ° "l,m°l1 oomimny without Uio
raeni     °f L00"1 2,il!:t' nH ',1or tt(tro°*
,.n2!m„fiL,or<''lnl'y 1'oportod'thnt tlio cor-
T.*0 w"« Kfittlng so linuvy thnt
ni, n ''ltm' WIIH 1,,1<I1>' »««dodi to on-
Vm .1 ,»? ,0 overcomo tho proBBiiro of
tho hiiB|nogBi   ornniod.
mt \uitiA!ollnn 'w,lB t,lkon "'I' on boliair
,.nv ■w„ Vnvrolion on pay day, Ratuv-
$110,«!)     lB''' mt] ,llu mt r0Hult Wftft
inS,i"fV,,B flf &1*000'00 linn boon eol-
t!i'nn *,i '' (,,!*IOI'vl"« "lomhorH of our
liAit ,7, lp|n« ,,lfi y"111'* as we have no
our lie"    ,U!<!lt,0lU ,)n»oflt Hoclely In
M.iZ.1., 'KroK° ",o1' with a HllKlit no-
v'„ri? p?l,l,n Ht wo,,k ''" No" l!«' l>Ular.
iw ,\t. .m' Af'or 1)C,|,,« ■ul l0)1 do'l t0
homo.'    "S8 1l° W,1H lll,1° 1,() l>,,0Ct,0lJ
,,1,'I?',1,"', Bnow hns .linon eonflnnd" to
miffi «for ft Bhort t,mo WUIj'lnflMIH
j,« «n? ?f Ul° kno6-   "» >"» »ow «'W«t0
B«mVni1 altoiKllnR to DiihIiichs.
hr,ariit,i'of 0,,r mombors Jrnd -to lonve
,  '      'tfl make room for inoro sorl-
fivn -uV^' m 01ir lb0,lB ftro ""i110*1 to
un,lrl10 *)M'Ui wa»'d.
»»ntllInn [\™  "R0  tl,,!   HOBpltnl   lV>nrd
pniiiiniih,! n,r .,.,,, ....   •      ,     , ,. ,
il If m l,,ft Wftl*t'' R,rt,v n1 t,1(> ^nw
M.ilt in,fl,rtllor flocommodntlon, but
doln«r?,'"cd w,lh U,° UBUnl ,,N°U»lni»
P.f""A. Shone, tho mntren In thn
™» 'MlnnrH1 Hoapltal, hns -boon
Kiiwmil   ,\myn   0i»   n))HOnfo   for   w)v
»i« «n,or tlio -position aa ptist «rad-
Uft«™ I™-   Wo wlBh "or fl»oc,>B*-
pivJ'tfllniiH   emiiloywl   .In   York
iVn win nftIn ontry '1lll,] tt w^011" mix*
It' mmi° ,U ^0,'1{ °n° "lB,,t laHt m™]c<
holo S?" n,° m«»„W0',e drllllnB a
m tit!,(,n mm <"ff<'i,«npn nrouo nn
mont a " ,l H 1?",ld bo <im'   A» «*«**
u irUU"!H ««AJI»opn hoard of since,
turo   ,' f lBl,nr mt*m) BftVfl o lec'
Aft*ri\h' ,f,f.oro n Vf,ry KooA tmAlonvt*.
A.itnr nl0 i,,Ptiirrt vitxn ovnr tht* wor!( or
wai'm nB n,btm<-. af ««0 S. P. <>f V*
wn5 < ?T;,,n1d w,,h; J,,ok ™™tm
wuh ii|ipf,|nt(n| oririirilaer, Wllllnm Km-
Tailing to .provide 'prisoners with
bedding or beds.
. Refusing to allo\y prisoners to communicate iwith friends,   ,
In accordance with your, request I
designato Union' Hall, Diamond City,
as tho .placo, and Wednesday afternoon, Xov. 19, 1913, as the time, for
holding the inquiry promised in your
I have the honor to be, Yours, etc.,
-Residents of Diamond City have furnished d stack of affidavits to substantiate theso charges and a lively
time is promised at the Investigation,
Thoro ls no-Intention of'injuring tho
reputation of the whole forco but Uio
■peoplo affected believe that certain
■members of the forco' exceeded all rea-
sonnblo bounds In their actions In this
who formerly worked in' this camp to
fields anew.
Why is it, that the people of this
town can't have the lights put on till
long aftor dark? I think,this state of
affairs shoul(LJ3-e!!looked_Intn_*!iR_nr..n^
pie don't wish to be, an hour or so in
the dark every evening before get
ting the lights. ,   .
Mr. Frank Villenrure,lias intimated
The foreign speaking members con-
trlbuted largely to the -program, songs
in Italian, Belgium and Slavonian languages being given; also the usual
English speaking entertainers. Everybody voled having had a good time.
—t vi*j— i-vuii^-*t-*riiiui L*uu--t-:u~i.—uuujut-rvi-
his younB friends nnd acquaintances
to a celebration of his natal day at the
home of his mother,  Coyote  Street.
    Songs, games and refreshments ron-
to several of tho boys that he intends I tributed to a pleasant evening,   The
giving a repetition in tlie near future
of the entertainment given Saturday
night. .We hope this to bo true and
can assure Mr. Villenrure of the' patronage of the whole camp in tho event
of such an entertainment taking place.
O- <^.
♦ ,'(,,♦
•*"+<y*> + &*+* + + +- + .+.'+.
♦ Diamond City Local Union     ♦
♦ ' Notes ' ♦
♦ ♦
♦ <>■♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
At a .meeting held on Sunday Inst,
It wns unanimously decided to deduct
from overy niPinhor tho nmoun-t mentioned in Uio lottor from the International Secretary to help the strikers
In Colorndo,
A chopkwnlfthman wns nlso elected,
At our mooting next Sunday officers
will bo elected for tho coniinp: threo
♦ ♦
.1. Vi. UnbnrtH, imiinrnl mniiiiRrr.
spout-ii fow liourB In Corbin iho Intlor
dnyn of lust week.
Thn inlitPH nro not wnrUhm very
roRUlnr nt proHont; throo or four dnys
nm n» much ns wo cnn ninnimo, Hliort
of fiirB IipIiik thn trouble.
Wo honr that Wllllnm Unit hns
bought (loorgo fiponeor'a furniture. Iio
IntoiiilH to tnlco ovor the Iioiiho nml
hnvo bin 'slater to lceop Iioiiho, Hilly
anyH lmchliiK does not agree with him.
Sir. Wllllnm Murray, who Iiiih boon
working ut the iIiIk showing until Jimt
lntnly, hti» movod to imuturoii now. Wn
nil wish you good luck, Hilly.
Tho conl compnny In removing the
fun from Old N'o. 1 iiiIii-p nnd fixing It
up nt No. I* mino,
Tho pnr.|.niir<«rn nro bimy fixing np
thn house lntnly varntnd by 11. T,
Stewart, M. Allen Intends to reHldo
tlmro In thni futuro,
Mr. -Thornas Hnl! nnd James Damns
alonK with their wives nud families
havo removed to tho Y, whoro thoy
iVlii   til,   lll.',l\*:l    llloil    MUI It,
I nm iM'-M"--'! to mon-Mon \\y,\\ Hit-
union mon of C-orhln nro Rotting wiser,
ns they nre nttondluK tho inootliiKa
moro regularly.
The Corbin Club Knvo n danco Inst
Rnturdny nlnht, which Is nbout thn
nivlv nlo'inuro to bo hnd In Cnrhln
Thero will ho tx grand smoking <ion-
enrt In tho Club on |aturdny night,
tho 'Jnth Inst., commiinelng at 8,30.
Uvorybody welcome. Come and havo.
a Rood time, boyB,
Mntt Hall, along with Jack Stewart,
went out hunting last Saturday. Jack
lint! ii Hhot nf n poj-otp, lint the nlijht
wnn dark and the coyote Ih wifo,
"Wo nre .plcnnml (o nnnouncn lhat
Frank Nnwmnn, wbo Iiiih .Ihmui unnbln
to work since ln«t June, owing to n
di^eniUNt eye, him stnrtrd to work
Them was a mc ting h"td In the
Club Hull ou Hiindny nlulit for tho uIrIiU
Plenty of now faces nre to bo seen
at the big mino theso days, us thore
nro new men starting overy day nnd,
as usual at this cnmp, men quitting
nearly every day.
Joe Drndley 1ms moved In from the
homestead and started work.. Joe had
a crop this yonr. that average threo
ocres to the bushel. Out of forty-five
acres sowed to wheat ho got fifteen
-bushels of wheat. That's making money in Southern A-lbon*.
John Pickering mado n stnrt on afternoon shift tlilB weok,
Tn] '.Mltcholl also hns roturnod to
cnmp lo mnko a grubstnko for another
six months on the homestead.
Alox SlcUrihorts cniiio iinnr losing
his houso on Tuesday night by flro.
About quarter past six Hort Wondn
saw I'liimos br'enk out upstnlrs and
phuni'il the flro department. Thoy
mndo n turn out tliat would do credit
lo ii nintropolltnn brigade nnd soon
Jiitd iho flro under control. The build.
Ini? did not Biiffor tiiuch, most of tho
dnnuiKo bfthiK confined to funiltnro
nnd othi'i' urlli-li'H through bolng ro-
movod in n hurry, hut this will nmount.
to qulto a littlo, Thorn was no In-
Hiirnncn on thn prenilHos. A peculiar
thing nbout tho flm pi thnt it start.
ed In Hio snino tminnor iib at Oan
Frasor'a houso n fow weeks uko nnd
as thnt family nro routing pnrt of Mc-
Itohorts' piucn ll Inoka ns If tln-y worn
In thn luck of lining burned out.
MIhb Slay (Jnrwnll, of How Island, Is
lu town visiting hor aimer, Mrs Sum
J. II. PlHhor, Hoplnllst nrKnnl/.or, nil.
drcftBcd n hunch of working plufcs nt
tho cornnr nonr* the KIiik ' Onorge on
WodnrKdny nli-rht. Owing lo iio notico
bolng niven thorn worn not mnny of
thn minors .prosont, Wo hope to hoar
him -iiKiilu In Uio near futuro.     •
"Hob" Walker Ib <6" address'ameet-
Ini? In tlm Minors' linll on Sundny
nl-Bhl, AH union nioii --should attend
nnd hour of conditiona extol Ing on tho
"Pros, Smith wns In town on Monday
nnd lu company with Vice Prod. Ora-
Ivi-m   ■mil    A iuv   ^f i,pp,l,*..rt«' 'vlntlr-l   it.,
porlor Minos nnd tho Whlto ArIi.
IU.! vixtuiul our .sympathy .to Uro,
Harry Ilrnoks on Uie doath of his
mother, who died nt hor homo In lln-tr^
land a fow woeks ni?o. Ills fnthnr had
died a fow weeks previous.
Tlio roKrulnr-mPotlnc of l,fwt| ins
tiiHi'H piiioo on ..Sunday mid iiiho «
mooting of the sick fund for the* pur*
pose of electing a secretary, tho pro'
aohti ineunibonl, J. Hyers, linvlnK pre*
"ontcd hie roBlKnntlon, Unllku itnont
camps, tho sick fund here to mn sop.
erntefrom thn union, having offlcors
andi; a constitution of ita own.
I*. C, Jlosoy, iho blacksmith, l» build-
Inirn wsldonoo on Third Street, soulh
uf UttAlk.
The proprlotor or iho Tnbor llllllard
Unll haa had a bowllntr alloy Installs!
nt the bnck of tit* promlson, which
was  op«n   for  playor* on   Tuesday
sounds of laught-er emanating pro-
ncunced a 'good timo being' spent.
Many happy returns, Pc.ter.
Save the headings of this paper and
win a prize,
Don't forget the entertainment in
tho Presbyterian Church on Tuesday
evening under tho auspices of the Ladies' Aid. A good program has been
arranged. Watch tho notice board
this week end.
The ltev. Father SI Ich el will conduct
services nt tho new Roman Catholic
Church on Sunday, 10,30 a.m.; Sunday
School nt 2,30 p.m.   All welcome. ,
As a result of tho frost wo havo experienced those few nights, tlio house-
holders' troubles hnvo commenced,
namoly, frozdn water pipos„ Choor up,
William, IL will be siunnior by nnd by,
Say, Arthur, one has no need to'go
far to get tl\o beasts of fur. What
ipnlco the bag thiit Hob cnlight on Sun.
day night? Right nnimnls in one hunt
to not bud,   Who snid mlco?
A rodent of unusual sl/.u gave tho
boys nt tho Club nn cx-rlllnR tlmo l'.(e
other night, If his depredations ar3
allowed to ooiitiniio wo slinll want n
now floor. Shoot liliu next tlmo you
seo him, Jack.
Whnt might li'nvo boon a boi-Ioiih nc
cldent occurred nt ',1 n.m, on Saturday
liiBt. Wo learn thut owing to aomo un- ■
fornsecn clrcuiniitnucoti, whilo a trip of
conl was bolng brought out of No. 2
mine, a trip comlni! from 1 Eust ran
Into It, roBiiltlng In injuries to tho nlr
dinkey driver, Jack Ouullffo. Aftor
bolng extricated from among the
wreckage, ho wns attended by Dr.
Workman nud was thai convoywl to
Komlo hospital by aporlnl train. For-
tnjiaU-ly'lhrre wen; uu bones broken,
but tho unforlunnto follow was badly
laonratod about tlm logs nml foot, On
oiiqulrios lit tho hospital wo Uitirn hu
Ih doln*K iih woll n» cnn bo oxpoctod.
'Polo MulllKiin, a drlvor omployod In
1 Hast mino, wiih klokod by tlio qnnd-
rupod ho was driving, which iiocohbI-
tntod at ton I inn by Dr. Workmai^, afler
which ho wna eonvoyod homo.
Tho numlinra of tho itontlor box of
this lump hnvo boon nddnd to hy the
nrrlvnl of MIhb MiikkIo BppIob, of Hun-
gor, Irelnnd. Shn has tnken up her
roBldonoo with hor nnolo nnd aunt,
Mr, and Mro. Stovo Iln!!, Coyoto Rt.
Wo woloomfl you.
Hobbln Cooko hns glvon up his position ut TrllOH-Wond oloro and Hint tod
work nl hiB old Job on tho tipple,
* .Saturday: last helm-i pay day for
compnny officlato, n lnrgn numbor of
officials and wlvos ytoltivd Kornlo,
Tlm mooting of nitopnyors hold on
Saturday last to elort u tnistoo In
place of O. O'Hrlon  (resigned) ; wns
cnllotl tho "mecttlng to ordor nhmit
,1dm a.m., und ,iuu'.r ituaiiin naiauiiiv
for niocllug mllod on si-crot.-iry to road
tho mlnutcH of (ho annual mooting,
which woro approved, Mr. Itobt. John,
atone..wna'then -elected as a trustee.
Tlm mooting thou adjourned.
HlO  ttUtll*.   »>*ft» WVil   il)  \n«  MUlilV.1
purpose of clootlng a doctor for the J    Th« instruments for tho band havo
nnaulnj! year. At flut th- :■■■ was only
ono applicant, but on tlui* l>olng turn*
nd down, It wns movod tliat Pr, Hind-
wlu hu asked to put In nn application,
U,wU Mini U> UtlWUi idMa iii bond, And
will bo hore In n day or iwo.
Save tha headlupn of iut» papor and
win a prlie.
of Welsh camp on Saturday laat,
ovcntiinlly .dpiKisHing his bundle at tho
Iioiiho of ,Mr. and Mrs. Wnssnn Tyn-
chuck, loavliig a son. Tho usual fo«-
tlvllloN took plnre. Wnss all smiles
now,   Mother nud child doing woll.
The uhlvoroo bund was out In forro
on Woflnoiwday to «lve a '•nolslcal" wel«
como to Mrs. Tliomaa Hold, who -nniv-
i...| li,nk lu v.unp ti.(U-t- t»)M!»dU)K it va-
oution ami dollars In the Old Clountry.
Tom cays ho Is (clad his baching days
urt: over.
Save tho bonding* of thia paper and
win a prlzo.
Hyd.J. Horton Is back saaln wielding
U.h U-.i',»t> ami *j\***i.*if Un k'tU*in»-iV«iu<i,
taking tho petition vaojued by Dick
ICtrton, who tw* Rotio to TUrIv Ulvor.
(Had to too you bark ft*s»ln, Syd.
1 V-\-;*i
- i - .* V
" *•*-' *. I
-',!''. I
,      i'. ,   .....,--■->-...r,„Jc....,.„...^J1 ^ >|1|n  ^,.^.7....~*...,-,._..-**v.***«***--**^SS^^^
'.->   *:*.';" '.   ' ~JJ*'* -'-'*]■?;> *n*ff*Xi. ■     -■  i, *:  '*  ;    .-*   .  *\.*-.V - -    '   -. -.j^ *.i rr    ■  ^y^-.-y..'',..    - , ■*
--T     '.- .'. ...   'vT-,',.%    ,.;.-          *               .     •      •*        I   *   .     -       ,          *.--*.- ,             "«-4J, .           ,        y
~~-    ■   ••'.-■■•yy :\i./'X'-*V- *'-*,   '    -'     •    ,;>.        "    '    -*''■"--   X*y '- .*,-'.;'','■ .1
t#  -   'r
fv ■?* .■' t *r- '■' •.'■ -yYi&S&pk'piS&tM °*^;-"\*f-*'~\   W%
y.\.i-.,   -   i,-,       _..-; *-.*;--"•,' "t-^J yj*.tj'y. '"s-ofy.     '      W*t;
'*;'   "   y       "■':-,'A'_ 'Ar^yy."     •'__"""ii-y-As        S\,
THE DISTRICT IjpQERri^fte; B; p,t NOVEMBER 15, 1913.   -i-xf^x' /'.'.'V-^'V   -"    'x^ ' X^xkW^X A.,.X'^WyX7 -'.S-W'^Ai
-   V ^ ■ ""I —™ ' ! : '"  — SS^^^^»W»«WW^WW^"»MM^M«"«««^M«WWMSWSWMMM»«*MWaMWM,MMM,^^ }     _   „S~V
Men's Overcoats in the
New 1913 Models, made
from the best imported
Tweeds, will be on sale
Saturday & Monday at
$10.00, $15.00
$18.50 and
$22.50 s
° These Overcoats are all
well Tailored and have
convertible or shawl collars.    All sizes 34 chest to
, 44 chest measure.
See our big window display
On sale Saturday and Monday in Men's Department at 5c each.
Oiir regular $1.50 Stiffel Denim bib Overalls, extra large and full
of pockets.   On sale Saturday and Monday at $1.00 yair.
Everyone .will appreciate a good bargain in good,
.heavy, wool Sox. ■ On Saturday and Monday onlyJweT*.
will sell our heavy ribbed all wool Sox, regular 35c'per -
pair.   Special, 4 pairs for $1.00. '
<v -     .
Men's Black Cashmere Sox, all sizes. Special, 5 pairs
Special  For   Saturday
i Special sale of Men's Pure Wool Shirts, all sizes, in Fawn or Green.
These are extra large Shirts, collar attached, with one pccket. Regular value $1.75.   Special $1.25.
These are hand made all wool Mitts, very strong and
warm, worth 50c pair.   Special Saturday and Monday, "
3 pah-s, for $1.00.
For Saturday
and Monday
:' '■'*■' '■:
See  Our  Window
A very special line1 of 100 Men's Suits made from .best English
Tweeds and Worsteds (every garment guaranteed by us) will be on
sale in our Men's Department Saturday and Monday. If you'need a,
Suit you can't afford to let this,opportunity pass. These goods tfill
be on display in our big window at prices that will tempt thc closest
buyer.   Every Suit shown is new "fall goods.
Suit Sc Coat
Worth from $10.00 to
$15.00 each-Pay
Day Special
See our  Window
Tho colors avo Groy, Black nnd Brown. Tho materials aro Kerseys
and Moltons. They aro nil mndo full length nnd semi-fitting. Every
Coat in tho lot worth from $10.00 to $15.00,
Pay Day Special, eaoh $5.00
Flannelette Shirtwaists
Specials in Ladies
and Men's Footwear
Regular Price $1.25, Special 00c
Mado will long sleeves und detachable collar, finished with pear
button trimmings. The colora nro Navy, Hod, Qrcon, Brown am
Black, with whito hnir-lino stripes.
90 cents each
Children's Wool Mitts and Gloves
Special 35c per pair
In Rod, Navy, Black, Groy and Whlto
Made with reinforced cuffs of pure wool yarns.
Special per pair 35c
Turkish Towels
TURKISH TOWElS-flwwlal 75c per pair
A genuine $1.00 per pair Turkish Towel, .size 27 x 50, extra heavy
quality and fast color*.
Pay Day Special, per pair 76o
Vve \ti'_ Ki I'HIl yuur tim-MuMi u» vtot Tiijj ji».]>rtn»mm, AttM *%** -..iiw
Christmas novoltic* which will ho on display tho coming week. Wo
havo toy* and Christmas novelties to interest both old nnd young.
Wc have mnde larger preparation* than over for this Christinas'
business. Visit mir store; impact tho Christmas lines on display.
You will find them interesting
Wc aro offering for Saturday and Monday only a full range of
sizes, in tho following lines of high-grade Shoes.
Womon's Patent Button, dull calf tops.   Rogular $4.50.   Special
$2.00. >   tk<.*D*lif«i
Women's Patent Blucher, with black eravonetto tops. Regular
$4.50 and $5.00.. Special $2.00.
Women's Black Vici Kid Blucher, with short, vamp and medium too,
vory comfortable last.   Rogular $3.50 and $4.00.   Special $2.00.
Womon's Gun Motal Blucher, medium too and heel, good full fit-
1ingvlnst.   Rogular $4.00 and $4.50.   Special $2,00.
Don't miss this opportunity of procuring for yourself a pair or two
of theso Shoes.
Special lino of Men's High 10-inch Top Boots, in black and tan,
good heavy soles and viscalized tops.   Special $4.00.
Our ntouk is comploto in all linos of vory comfortable houso and bedroom slippers, in men's, women's and children's.
Ladies' Winter Suits
The opportunity is hero to purchase a Fall and Winter Suit at
money-saving prices. Ail Suits lined throughout with silk or satin.
Thoy aro nil mado iu tho newest stylos and cuts in both Twoods and
plain colors.
15 plain and fancy Bnits, Worth $20.00 to $25.00 each. Pay Day
Special $15.00
$35.00 to $40.00 Suits, all hand tailored, out to each $25.00
Em'broidory Linens—
54 inches wide , $1,25 and $1.50
*•* uiAtini, sAiiiti , ,,,,, om
% htu'.ite w'ii]i, 7Cf nud 01k
TTuck Linens 50o, COc, 75c, 85c and $1,00
A complete line of Runners, Scarfs, Centres, Cushion Tops, Bags
and Muslin Undergarments, etc. Roth worked ond stamped At priced
worthy of consideration. Glaneo at our display in the window\ also
visit our department and becomo familiar with thc new ideas in Art
Grocery Specials
For Pay Day
November 15th 1913
Armour's Shield Hams per lb. .25
Armour's Banquet Bacon..,, «. ,por n,, .   ,26
Lima Boans '\ 3 ibg> 'for 25
Canada First Cream sma\\ ^ iq
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground 2 lbs. for .85
Braid's Big 4 Coffee, fresh ground 2 lbs. for .75
Spocial Blend Bulk Tea 3 ibs, for 1.00
Tetley's Greon Label Tea ,,, .per-lb. .30
Lowney's Cocoas % lb., tin .20
Snider's Catsup p'intg .   30
Sliced Poaches 1% lb..tin .15
Pineapple 2 lb< tin 15
Seeded Raisins, 12 oz 3 packets .25
Evaporated Poaches » 2 lbs. for ,25
Robin Hood Flour OS lb. sack 3.25
Robin Hood Flour 49 ]bi 8ac]c li65
Ohickeu Wheat , 10o lbs. 1,00
Cambridge Sausagb 3 h,. tjn ,25
Paragon Pickles ; 40 oz. .85
Sinm Rico ', 4 ]i,8i ,25
Whito Roso Toilet, Soap 7 \mv8 ,2ft
Toilet Soaps, rogular 35c and 40a ',, .per box .25
Heinz Tomato Soup 8mun Hiz& ,10
Prido of Canada Maplo Syrup ■ quart bottles .60
Standard Peas 2 lb. tins ,10
Sweet Wrinldo Peas ,,,, 2 for ,20
Royal Canadian Wringers oaeli 4,00
Snowball Washing Machino  8,00
Glass Wash Boards oach ,40
Coppor Bottom Boilers  2,00
Lyman's Talcum Powder,.,, largo tins ,25 ,
Lyman's Beef Iron Wine 46
Special Inducements
in Millinery dept
.NSW TRIMMED HATS, $3,70, $0.00 and $10.00
Women who appreciate tho best in Hats will find it to their advantage to mako selection, while these spocial offefings are in ordor.
Smart tailored and semi-tailored Hats, models of exceptional qualities in the most advanced styles for winter wear.
Priced Specially at $3.76, $5.00 and $10.00
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
""f **fi^'*-^.**,^*I*W*,*',^wl**
* ■**#'%TtUt. **t,*"-T*#'$rt»*lM**iwFjSl


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items