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The District Ledger May 3, 1913

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Array hi
-is I./
industrial Vnity is Strength.
No. 37, Vol. VI.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE; B.C., MAY 3, 1913.
ctory.
$0 A YEAR.
Resigns Presidency of District 18
ALL VANCOUVER ISLAND MINERS NOW OUT ON STRIKE
C N. P. GOAL COMPANY
MAKES A BIO PROFIT
Yearly Production Net Half Million Dollars but
No Dividends Are Declared
TORONTO, April 29.—After a series
of unsuccessful years, shareholders
cf the Crows Nest Pass Coal Company were pleased to have reported
to them at the annual meeting tbat
the year 1912 was decidedly profitable, the annual statement showing
net profits of $47i;454, which, after
deducting the debit balance brought
forward from 1911, leaves a credit
balance of $419,423. Net profits were
-at the rate of 7.58 per cent, on the
paid-up capital stock.
Nevertheless, there was some spirited criticism of the management at
the meeting bjr some of the minority
shareholders which President Ellas
Rogers showed an evident desire to
quench.
According to the directors' report,
coal mined during the year was 1,064,-
791 tons, compared with 359,456 tons
in 1911; while coke produced in 1912
was 245,229 tons against 60,659 tons
in 1911. During 1911 the mines were
(closed down for eight months on account of the strike of miners.1'
Profits for the year of the Crows
Nest Pass Electric Light__and_Po_wer_
Co. were $5,863, with a total balance
of that company of $6,998. Tho Morrisey, Fernie and Michel Railway has
a credit balance of $25,078, making a
total profit of all companies for 1912
of $509,398.   .
Mr. Rogers pointed out tbat during
the year tbe indebtedness, to tho
banks had 'been reduced by $568,099.
At the" ond of the year it stood at
$795,000, and since the end of the year
the company has paid $70,000 more to
the First National Bank, leaving the
indebtedness now standing at $725,-
000.
Pay Off Banks First
Referring to the prospect for dividends Mr. Rogers .pointed out that in
view of the existing financial conditions all over the world, and of the
fact that the note to the First National Bank was a demand note, and
within the power of the bank to be
called at any time, it was considered
the best policy to pay off this indebtedness, and to build up a good reserve. However, he said that at the
present rato of production, barring accidents, It would not be long before
the shareholders would be getting
some returns. .
Information Not Given
Mr. G. G. S. Lindsay, former president and general manager of the company, asked, for information concerning tbe cost of fuel and profits from
tbe business with the Great Northern
Railway, but the president was unwilling to give the information.
Mr. W. R. Wilson, general manager
of the company, reported the mines
to be in good condition, and the out-
Miners Close Up Everything—Hold
Enthusiastic Meeting
The folowing telegrams (all the information we
have to date) from President Foster and International Organizei\Pettigre\v indicate that strong
action has been taken by the mineworkers to bring
about,the conclusion of the strike -which has now
run into the eighth month. We can gather, however from the International Organizer's message
that the operators have been at the old game of disrupting the ranks of the workers, but it is to be
hoped that the members will have sufficient trust
in their leaders to let these gentlemen understand
thoroughly their position in this regard.    / ..
"Nanaimo, B. C, April 30, 1913
"District Ledger, Ternie, B. C.
"General strike of all mines has been declared on
Vancouver Island. Letter follows.—ROBERT
FOSTER, President."
Nanaimo, B. C., May 2, 1913.
District Ledger, IJ. M. W. of A., Fernie', B C.
"Everything on the Island tied up tight yesterday and today. Most enthusiastic meeting held
last night. Everything looks good; the companies
are attempting to take a ballot for resumption.—
PETTIGREW."
INQUEST ON MEN KILLED
AT COAL CREEK MINES
Large Gathering1 Follow to Cemetery—Expressions of Sympathy for Bereaved Families
look forlhe future to be bright. "The
Crows Nest Pass Coal Co.," he said,
"have a property whose Intrinsic
value bas never been truly appreciated until today." i
Hon. Robert Jaffray offered a proposal that the Jminorlty shareholders
should be represented on the Board of
Directors, and two names~~were submitted. This was not agreed to, however, and tho retiring directors were
re-elected as folows: Ellas Rogers,
ID. C. Whitney, J. P. Graves, W. H.
Robinson, Dr. Goldwin Howland, Col.
W. P. Clough and H. B. MoGIvern.
Wireless Operators
Strike Spreading
Unrest Enters Stations Ashore—Land
Depots May Close to 8upply
Men on Steamers
SEATTLE, Wash., April 28.—The
Btrlke of the marine wlroleBS telegraphers, declared last woek has spreoJ
to Btatlons ashoro and that development brought a stitemont by R. H.
Snwlos assistant superintendent of the
Kiclflo Coast dlvUIon Marconi Wire-
lens Telogrnph company, who saM tbo
company was considering cloning all
tho bind stations In this region In cr-
dor to supply operators for steamers.
Commercial buslnoss botwoon ships
nnd shoro, ho says, would bo handled
by government stations. Throo operators at tho company's Astoria station
quit yostorday. Steamships thus far
havo sufforod no sorloiin dolay bocaiiHo
of tho strlko, Non-union mon aro now
at tho koys ot a number of ships,
Circuit Court of Appeals at Philadelphia recently, judgment of the lower
court against the Pittsburgh-Buffalo
Company for mine accident compensation is reversed with instructions to
enter judgment for tho defendant, notwithstanding tho verdict, Judge McPherson holds that while thero was
negligonce, the mino foreman, authorized by tho act of 1893, must bo held
responsible,
HAYWOOD IS INDICTED
Other Member* of I. W. W. Charged
With Inciting Riots
MINE FOREMAN RESPONSIBLE
In a decision rondorod by Judge McPherson, sitting in tho Unltod States
PATEnSON, N.J., April 28.—Indlct-
monts against William D. Haywood
and four othor momhors of tho Industrial Workors of tho World who
havo taken an uetlvo leadership In tho
silk mill BtrikG bore, wore filed In tho
county court lato today.
Haywood is accused of disorderly
conduct, ur lu Adolp Loaslg, a local
loador. Miss Elizabeth flurloy Flynn,
Carlo TroSvJka, and ratrick Qulnlan
oro ohargod with Inciting riot. Tho
Indictments aro tho result of a grand
jury investigation of tho disturbances
thaOiavo attended tho strlko, now In
Its ninth wotik, and Involving nonrly
2,800 workors.
SHOULD SUBMIT TOLLS
AGTT0_ARBITRATOIN
American Society of International Law Unanimous Regard-
Coastwise Shipping
WASHINGTON, April 28.—Both in
set speeches and in discussion, speak-
ers_at-today!s~riieeting~of-the^.in'eri3'
can   Society   of   International , Law,
maintained that the United States was
under a moral, as well as an .international obligation to submit tbe Panama canal toll controversy to arbitration.   It was held by several of the
speakers that America should at once
repeal the, tolls,exemption and submit
It to arbitration.   Hannis Taylor, former minister to Spain, declared that
upon  the  settlement  of  the  controversy hinged the bond of friendship
between the United States and Great
Britain, and voiced an earnest plea to
congress to repeal-the tolls act to
permit diplomatic negotiations for an
amicable adjustment of the question,
Amon Hershoy, professor of international law ln the University of Indiana, wished to seo the question submitted to arbitration.   Ho said that
unless con gross sees fit to repeal that
part of the Panama canal act regarding exemption of the coastwlso tolls
tho Unltod States Is under nn obligation to enter into an agreement with
Great Britain to arbitrate tho controversy.
Following tho address and discussion, tho officers for noxt yonr woro
elected ns follows:
Prosldont, Ellhu Root, Now York;
vico-prosldonts, Chief Justice Whlto;
Justlco Wm. R. Day, Philander C.
Knox, Andrew Cnrnogle, Josoph IT,
Chouto, John W. Poster, Goo. Gray,
Wm. IT. Tafl, Richard OInoy, Horace
Porter, Oscar S. Strauss, J;M. Dickinson and Wm. J. Bryan.
James Brown Sco,tt was re-elected
treasurer and Chandler P. Anderson,
assistant trensnror,
FOSTER PLANNING
FOR   RECIPROCITY
Hopes    to    Arrange    a    Satisfactory
.Agreement Between Canada
and-Australia
.MELBOURNE," Aus.,' April 29.—Interviewed upon his arrival yesterday
Hon. George Foster, minister of trade
and commerce, said that he hoped that
before leaving the commonwealth';he
would be able to arrange a-satisfac-
-tory-basis-of-reciprocity-in-trade-be^
tween Canada and Australia.
Canada, he said, was anxious), and.
willing for reciprocity, -while "apparently- Australia felt the same way.
Why then'not arrange for trade between the two sister dominions. Continuing, the visiting minister while
conceding that there was slight trade
going on betweenjtha• two countries,
said that reciprocity would certainly
■give'a strong impetus to-this business.
Reciprocity, he believed was a good
thing and would prove advantageous
to bpth countries which advantage
could not be gained otherwise.
FIRMS EMPLOYING
ASIATICS BARRED
New Westminster Will Give No
.   Work to Employers  of
Oriental Labor
I
".  .i
OLEM STUBBB RESIGNS PRESIDENCY
Tho fallowing wub rceoiveit per tclophoiio from
IjothbridKo today. Mr. Stubbs will, no doubt,
como forward with hisupromised explanation next
,* i:cti.
iiothbridKD, Htxy i, i'JKi
To tlio members of tho Executive Board of District
18,'U.M.W.A.i
Greeting-- ''
IlvatoViitl* I tttuii-ci to yon toy migwaiun m
President of District 18, U. M. W. of A., together
with my resignation of trusteeship held by virtue
of my office, to take immediate effect.
In tondlng my resignation it is my intention to
give full explanation of my ar-Hon ht this matter
to our members. I would also point out that,
whilst taking this action it is without prejudice as
to my future action in connection with nny election
that may take place for District Officers.
Your* fraternally,
CLEM STUBBS.
FIRE AT CRANBROOK
DAMAGES VARIETY 8TORE
CRANimOOK, n. C, April 28.—
Shortly nftor 0 o'clock this ovonlng
flro brolcn out In tho Modol Viuioty
storo, which U a part of. the Aiken
block, a framo structuro on tho north
Bldo of Ilakor street, Tho storo wan
cloned for tho night and thoro hnd
boon no flro In tho stove, no It In
thought that tho flro must havo slhrt-
od from n match carolossly thrown
down.. Tho flro, spread along tho colling and Into ono of tho front windows whoro everything was burned to
a crisp and tho plato glass broken to
atoms. A couple of tables of novelties
of all kinds wore also completely destroyed by tbe flro, whilo othor art!*
uioa woro damaged by smoke and water. The Jots, which will amount to a
few hundred dollars Is covered by Insurance,
BRIDEGROOM IS
TAKEN/ROM BED
Both Pugilists Engaged in Recent
Fight at Fernie Arrested—
Mother-in-Law Complains
FERNIE, April 28.—Tho two principals of Friday night's prize fight which
was hold In tho Pernio Skating Rink,
seem to havo got Into dlsroputo, Tod
Ware, tho unsuccessful pugilist, loft
town y-ostorday morning. Ho was nr-
roslod by tho police of Modlclno Hat
on a wire rocolved from some ono out-
sido of tho police department of Pernio.   Chief Hall was nuked by wire
for 'particulars, but uh ho had no warrant Tor tho man's arrest, tho police
of tho Hat released tliolr prlsonor.
Tho othor scrapper, Chnrllo Robinson, vyns arrested Innt night on a
charge of abduction. It npponrs thnt
Robinson had mot a1 young girl nniiiod
.Tonny Qnidosb, nn omployea nt tho
Fornlo hospital, somo two months ago.
Sho Is of Slavonian purontH who ro-
sido In tho city, nnd In not yot 10 years
of ago. Yesterday morning it Ih nl-
logod thnt Robinson obtained from tho
local govornmont office   n marriage
. NEW WESTMINSTER, April 28 —
board-of-v.'orks-and-water-committee;
reported to the council this eyeening
that they' found complaint that' Neil-
son's foundry, which was doing city
work, employed Orientals as skilled
workmen was well grounded. The report as presented by Alderman Dry-
son and Alderman Dodd was that tho
manager told them he would arrange
to dispense with the services of tho
Orientals, and in - the evant of him
not doing so they recommended that
he be given no more city work.
Mayor Gray while in sympathy
with' the report, expressed the -opinion that It was so worded that it
might have to be passed upon by tho
city solicitor, and suggested that
they could have it understood that
way or make it a general motion.
Ho questioned whether it should go
on the minutes as worded.
Alderman Dodd reminded the
Mayor that In the Heaps Engineering
works lease it was contracted that
no Orientals bo -employed, and ho
thought thoy had a right to mako It
plain how ,thoy stood with regard to
tho firm now roportod upon and-to go
further nnd take tho lease of the
foundry away.
Tho roport was adopted except thnt
It was made a gonornl resolution not
to give work to those employing Asiatic labor.
Upon tho recommendation of tho
Light committee, tho Western Can-
nda Powor Company will bo again
Informod that Its' supply of power
through a transformer to tho Pi-lnco
Rupert Moat Company's property Is
a broach of tho city's rlKhts and
that $000 damages nro claimed
Thoro was another clash botwoon
Aldormnn Kolllhgton nnd Aldormnn
Ilryson, this timo on a question of accuracy of thn minutes.' iciirly In thn
dlHciiHHlon Mayor Gray said ho sup-
posotl Aldormnn RryRon would have
"his bulMipdod wny." Later It occurred to Aldormnn Rryson to ask
If that wan parliamentary language,
Tho Mayor offered to withdraw It,
but said It wan nbout tho onslost
thing ho could sny.
Tho British Foreign and Colonial
Special to the District Ledger)
The adjourned inquest touching the
death of the late James McDicken and
Herbert Ash, who met their death at
No. 1 South mine, Coal Creek, on
April 24, was held'in the Court house)
Fernie, on Tuesday, April 29, before
the coroner, Wm. Wilkes. The jury
was composed of the following gentlemen: Dudley MIchell, foreman, Robt.
Billsborough, Philip Le Feurre, Wm.
Hughes, John Eccleston, and Wm.
Yates. The first witness called was
Levi Allen, who said: "About 11.30,
the driver came into our place and
said there was a cave-in, and asked
if the two men, McDicken and Ash
bad come into our place. We rushed
down the crosscut which brought us
right into the place called third right.
I found a lamp alight on a post. I
then went for more help."
By the coroner—No, I did not see
the cave; I helped with the timber; I
only saw the bodies after being taken
out of the. debris.
By the coroner—I had been in their
working-"place'~severai-tim"es*Trut—HScT
never noticed the timbering. The last
time I was there tbey had just put
their first bridge stick in.
A.plan of the mine was then shown
to the jury, and also a drawing of the
place of accident.
Witness could not form any Idea
how the cave had occurred,
Wm. Adams was tho next witness
called, and corroborated the statements mado by the first witness. Cain
Williams and a man named Kennedy
also corroborated what had been said
by previous witness. Robert' Hart
and William Galllmoro, cross-partners
of tho deceased men, were then call-3d
but could state nothing better than
tho previous witnesses.
John Stockwell, fire boss of No. 1
South mine, in his evidence snid:
"I was on duty In the morning of
tho 24th of April. I was thero whon
tho mon wore taken out. Tho mon
woro evidently trying to escape when
tho bridge stick must hnvo struck
thorn. Thoy wero nbout 18 foot from
the face. On examination I found tho
middle bridge stick broken, but could
not say whothcr break Iuul occurred
after falling or not, I was in tho
room nt 7.-in n.m nnd all looked O.K.
Tho Umbers wore well notched nnd
well braced, and the logs well Sunk.
I wns by at about 10.56 a.m. and tho
mon" wore digging coal nt the fnco, and
everything was socuro. I cannot sny
how the cave occurred."
By a juror—There has never been
any complaints about this particular
place. The men had always had several timbers to choose from.
This concluded the evidence, and
the jury, after carefully considering
the evidence, came to the conclusion.
that James McDicken and Herbert
Ash met their deaths by accident,
the verdict being "Accidental Death."
Coal Creek Correspondent.
On Sunday, April 27, the remains of
Comrades Brother Herbert Ash and
Brother James McDicken were laid to
rest.   The   memorial   services   were
held In the Salvation Array hall at
2.30 o'clock.   There was a largo number gathered at the undertaking parlors to pay the last tribute of respect.
The Ancient Order of Foresters, to
which our brothers belonged, held a
brief service previous to the bodies
being removed.   The procession was
formed, headed by the Salvation Army
band and was followed by the Gladstone Local  Union,  and  officials  of
the"~Anclent ~OFd~er~_oJHForesters, and
tbe mourners and friends. A. short
service was conducted by Brigadier
Hargrave, from Toronto, and Captain
McCan, the local officer, when sympathetic references were made to the
good living of our comrades and to
the poor widows who are left to struggle with four children each, many people giving expression to their sorrow,
especially to the poor widow, Mrs.
Ash, who had been under the doctor's
care previous to the death of her bus-
■band.'
A short service was hold at tho cem-
otory, where tho lust tribute of respect was payed by tho Salvation
Army, Glndstono Local, and tho Ancient Order of Foresters. Our comrades were widely known, news of
thoir-death bolng sent to Bellevue,
whoro the band, under the conductor-
ship of Mr. George Goodwin, came to
Fornlo on Sunday, and rendered very
valuable help, Tho absence of our
comrndcB will bo missed in- the local
corp, Brother Ash being a solo cornet
player ln tho band, and Brother Mc-
Dickon the Junior Sergeant Major.
A largo number of children followed
tho remains. Wreaths wero sent for
Brother Ash by Adjutant nnd Mrs.
Ash, brother and sister, Winnipeg Citadel, S.A. bund, Fornlo corps, nnd
Charles Ward and wife. Also for
Brother iMcDIckon by Sunday nchool
1 touchers, Mr. 1). Slack nnd wife, and
| Mr. Chnrlon Wnrd nnd wlfo
CONDUCTORS, FIREMEN
GET WAGE INCREASE
INTERESTEOJN PENSIONS
Farmers from Various Provinces Will
Tsitlfy Before Commission
«>l   "II m
OTTAWA, AprIF 30.—About trntttf
representative farmers from Manitoba,
Ontiirlo nnd Quebec and the lower provinces will srrlre here tbls week In
order to give evidence before the old-
aro penalon commute*. The mem-
bars of tbe committee are In reedpt of
eemmaaieMless from many pftrts of
tho Hmnlty *h»wlng iftnt itinro   lit
certificate In which ho stntod tho girl's. „ , ,.,      .
ngo'n»21.   Thoy ongngod tho services Corporation hnvo been notified thnt
of Rov. W. M. Walton of Christ church | ^J1" Pon.trn.ct *,th tho cltl ** flnnn
and woro subsequently married at tho
homo of William Trolllngor, a colored
man,  Trolllngor and hia wlfo were
tho only witnesses,   In somo way tho
news reached the mother of tho girl,
niii) »»oro out a warrant for, the nr-
rest of hor new ton-in-law,  After con-
Bld«rabl<ft tfarch he waa   found   by
Chief Hall and Scrgt, Amborman at
tho homo of j Trolllngor, who did not
hi*a %a fchow the oltic«ra to outer hia
apartments, but tho bridegroom was
taken from bed and marched to the
police station where he Is held awaiting developments,  Tho accused waa
remanded until Monday, when he will
rcr«lvp   preliminary   hmrlnt;,    Th<5
prisoner 1s chsrged with abduction,
clnl ngents has boon cnncollod.
COLEMAN MINES IDLE
Oolflmnn mino* nro Itili* Ttinpnetnr
of mlnon hns boon callnod In tn make
examination of th» travelling road*
Hupposod to be travelled by tho mon
working between pillars from 13ft to
U2.
COBALT SOCIALISTS FAIL
Motlone for Strike In May Thrown
Out—Agitation May End,
The two men, John Hyrnchynahyn
and *M«chael Wack, who were arretted
In Port Arthur and breoiht back to
ntfti»1» Columbia on a ebargo of ob-
tatoloff tooiit nriStr false pnltmrn*
from imrclKiiit* in Hosmer, were dt*-
much Interest In tliolr deliberations I misaod en a technicality, by Jodie
6tt the old-age penalon sch*me. 'Thompson on Monday.
COBALT, Ont„ April M.—Two motions for a atrlke on May tat were voted down at me«ting« of thn Cobalt
branch of tho Waatern Federation yes-
turday by tubttantU! majorlt!*?*. This
will probably and th« agitation tbat
has been going on for aoroo time In
connection with an sttempt, by Porco-
alo* Sto-claUita to capture iix- orm*-*
ution hero and lo promote a tympanitic atrlke.—Richang*?.
provides Unit *-night liburs work pit
day hIiiiII be fonsldorod mifflcliMii.
*"«x('o|)t In oxtrimio criHOA,-"       "
Mr, Hull, wblbi Klglling the lioanl'H
report, mibmluml it mipploui-mitrtry
roport, In which It \n claifmi'd that
thi; Hum m ln-ilulti would ba mitdt*
iiffiictlvii from January lCth hint, and
nlno thnt the mtlnngo rate* In hoiiw
ensfs nm Inadequate, A minority report Is pruHOutud by Mr. Cron*
NBW YORK, April SI8,~-l2iiHioni
.univuit km mru ,ii« (iiiiiii-t.-ij an III-
VTC'jVf ol {.uy i-:.:i}.:,JiU,:, i,l 'hy.. .',: i*.
12 per -rent, by Ibe award of (ho Krd-
man net arbitration board In their etim
handed down Wr»dnomIhy night, Other
elalma of tho firemen worn allowed,
*>>'«'.. **,..<* ..*.a.^.*,.. .14, -l*-,-** t.«.»vU4VUt M«t
large locomotives waa denied, except
in cano of necessity.
Another demand! for which the firemen fought, the standardization of
wages board on tho weight of locomo-
OTTAWA, April 30.-- Tho award of |
Iho board of conciliation undor (ho
Industrial dlnputo» act, to Inquire Into (llfferonnfiB botwoon tho Caiiadln.i
Northern railway nnd Itt conductors,
has boon focolvod In the department
of labor, The board was composid
of Wm. Cross of Winnipeg, appointed on tho rocommondntlon of the
«■!. N. It.i J. N. Harvey Hall, Toronto,
aviolntod on tho recommendation of
tho omployn/i; nnd IIIh Honor, Judgu
Hnggnrt,   Winnipeg,   chairman,   ap-
,.*,. ..,■-:.        V.,        4*4*,       , 1*9*4411144*. t**4lttl*ltt        Ut
the'other two mrmbf-rn,
Tlio domnndH of tho conductor
were for several changes in tho existing schedule of rules nnd rat-PR, Including nn In( wane in pay   and   n
rrnlii t*1tt*n     r,l     ,,, r,~1.t **,.    1,,*...,*.,■•      #-.~*^
nine to eight houra per day. Thc
number of men directly concerned Is
450. ,
Th© board, Ip Ita report, which l«
algned by Its chairman, Judge Hag-
gsrt, and Mr. Hall, recommend* th« |Uvea on driver*, wa* granted, nlthoujrh
tdoptlon, July 1,1913, of a now ached- thn award provides that all waget that
nie which provide* for tho payment are hlgber or condiUona lhat were bet-
of pa«a«ng«r conductors at tj(ie at-1 (er than fit-ftd in tho award thai! sot
ersgo of $1(6 per month, conductor*
on mlscd and way fr#i«M tralna, at
14.80 por hundred miUiil and conductors on through freight and work
trains, $|.J8, tbe now rate* Involving certain tncrtatna on thoto new
prevailing.
Tbo proposed new  schedule  also
bc Interfered with.
lilt Itsnor Judge Tbompton ad-
Joorned the eaae of tbo Klk tjumbtr
company va. Prod Water* for a thort
time as additions! evidence bad to bo
obtained from tho official* of tho rom-
P»ny. PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 3,1913.
■■■via
$3.50; RECIPE  FREE,
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
1 have in my possession a prescription
tor nervous debility, lack of vljj-n-,
weakened manhood, falling: memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatural drains, or the follies of
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men right in their own
homes—without any additional help or
medicine—that I think -avjry .nan wiw
wishes to regain his manly power f.rul
virility, quickly and qulotlv, should
have a copy. So 1 have determined to
send a copy. So I hsve determined to
charge, ln a plain, ordinary sealed onve
lope to any man who will write mo for
it.
This prescription comes from a physician who has mnde a special study ot
men and I am convinced it is tho surest-acting combination for iho ciro of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together.
I think 1 owe It to my fellow man to
send them a copy In confidence so that
any man anywhere who Is weak und
discouraged with repeated failures
may Btop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure what I
believe Is tho quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy over devised, and so cure himself
at homo quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a lino like thls:v Dr. A. E. Robinson, 4907 Luck Building. Detroit. Mich..
and I will send you a copy of this
splendid recipe In a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $3.00 to $5.00 for
merely writing out a prescription like
this—but I send it entirely free.
Alabastine it easily applied.    All
you  need to help
you is cold water
and a flat   brush.
Alabastine   walls
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful  It will
not soften on the
wall like kalso-
mine.  Because
it is a cement, it
willhardenwith,
age, become!
part of the wall j
itself.and last
for many
year*.
EXPLOSIVE IN MINES
Mistake of Rejecting Years of
Experience—Best Protection
work has been done on the south side
of the river, a mine being located
alongside the GrancL Trunk Pacific
tracks, where the miners have tunneled over 2,000 feet into the top seam
and are now working down to a second seam.
The 'present output, of the mine is
500 tons per day, which will be increased to 1,000 tons' per day by the
first of .May. The -coal produced is
semi-anthracite and givers splendid results on locomotives, for which purpose the entire output is being used,
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found  in  such   a  display   of
Meats
We have the best money
cah buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, l-ish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 56
i
I
An Alabastine wall can    ,
be re-coated without removing the old coat.     Alabastine
walls are the most sanitary. They
are hygenic  No insect or disease f
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
want  them  all   Alabastined.
Church't Cold Water
IA.
Dropin and let ui show you beau-  ^
tiful samples of Alabastine work.
I        FREE STENCILS
',Let ut show how to ret beautiful
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make your home
charming   at' a
moderate cost.
609
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware - Furniture
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied  with   the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING  ROOM   IN  CONNECTION
I W. MILLS,
Prop
Professor Vivian B. Lewes read a
paper recently before the Royal Society of Arts in London on "The Testing of Safety Explosives."
Referring to the revised list of explosives issued by the. Home Office,
he characterized it as a praiseworthy I thus displacing Pennsylvania coal
desire on the part of the authorities | Coal and Coke Operator,
to bring our tests into line with those
of other countries, and to make the explosives used absolutely safe. There
was a danger, however, that in so doing the authorities were running a risk
of opening the door to greater dangers than now .existed.
Experiments had illustrated tho
complexity of the subject and had
shown that variations oxisted In different testing,stations, and that theso
were due to a large number of factors,
some of which were perhaps not yet
even known, such as the shape and
section of the experimental gallery,
the dimensions of the bore of the gun
used, the percentage and character of
the gas, the warming of the gallery by
sun, the composition, size, and freshness of the coal dust used, and even
the atmospheric conditions.
There was, he contended, a grave
danger where an explosive gave off
either an excess of oxygen or an Inflammable gas-like carbon-monoxide.
The only true test of the safety of
mining explosive was the practical one
of use in coal mines over many years,
and when tons of the material had
been used and millions of shots fired
under every condition conceivable in
practice without a single accident being traceable to its legitimate use,
such an explosive held a certificate
of safety that no series of tests' under
empirieal and artificial conditions
could ever give it.
In the English permitted list there
wero several such explosives perfectly satisfactory, but under the new conditions their place would be taken by
explosives so feeble in character that
great dificulty would be 'found in ensuring complete detonation of the
charge, while the mineowner, saddled
by'the act of 1912 with the purchase
of all explosives used in his mine,
would find that the cost of explosives
for doing the same amount as before
would be practically doubled.
It seemed to him absolutely wrong
to reject seventeen years of experience gained under mine conditions
and lo follow other methods unless
statistics~had_sho"wn~thatn?~er~millioif
tons of coal won our inining explosives
had given rise to greater loss" of life
than those used abroad.
The practical conditions in use were
so widely different from those of the
tests that the personal factor of care
in use became of erroneous value, and
ho was convinced that a reliable and
careful shot-firer blessed with com-
monsense was a greatei" protection
than any tests, rules, and regulations
that could be framed.
For this reason he viewed with suspicion anything tending to lesson personal resposlblllty.
Uo hoped that before the new regulations came Into force in December
the points that had been raised would
be very carefully considered.
Thomson & Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie, B. C.
Local Agents
Orders t Eileen throughout the  Pass
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE	
Do6t  Accommodation  In  tlie  Paos.—
Up-to-Dato — Every    Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES  AND  GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
WORKING CLASS POWER
By EUGENE V. DEBS
To succeed in their struggle with
the master class, to free themselves
from wage slavery and to rise to tho
plane of freedom and self-respect, the
workers must have power, and they
can only develop that power through
organization.
' The necessity of organization, economic and political, in the light of
past experience and in the face of
the opposition which confronts them,
Is so self-evident that it seems almost
a waste of time to argue about it. And
yet there are thousands who are in
sympathy with the workers and who
profess to be Socialists who for some
inscrutable reason, hold aloof as if
they entertained the fallacious notion
that Socialism is like gravitation, in
that it works automatically and
that as It is bound to come anyway,
there is no use to bother about organization.
These good people little know that
their position is not only illogical,1 but
in so far as they are Socialists at heart
and refuse to do their share to prepare the workers for industrial mastery and the people for the higher
freedom which awaits them', they are
positively retarding the growth- of the
Socialist party and the progress of
the Socialist movement.
The intellectual propaganda of Socialism is well organized and the work
of carrying it forward is being prosecuted with admirable energy, but the
organizations of the working class
forces for actual conflict with the enemy and for assuming control of industry when -the .time comes to wrest
the machinery of production from its
■idle, parasitic, .capitalis , owners,' is
still far from that degree of perfection
to which it should have attained by
this time.
The organization of the workers as
an industrial class in unions correS'_
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
9,000,000       Capital Paid Up ....      6,770,000
0,770,000      Total Assets      72,000,000
D. R., WILKIE, President HON. ROOT JAFFRAY, Vlee-Prss.
BRANCHE8   IN   HRITI8H COLUMHIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vancasver and Victoria,
8AVINQ8 DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. O. BELL, Manager
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
MONEY ORDERS
Issued by The Canadian Hank of Commerce, arc n safe, convenient nnd
Inexpensive method of remitting small sumB of money.   These Orders,
payable without charpc nt any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) nnd in th& principal cities of the United States, are issued nt
thc following rato:
$5 and under.,,,.....    3 centa
Over    fl and not exceeding $10    fl
10      " « 30 10
30      " •« 50 15
ii
ii
it
<•
ii
REMITTANCES ABROAD
tt.0
fthmM bt maia by rntarw of emv SPECIAL POKKION DRAFTS end MONEY
ORDERS.   Uamd wlthoot itlaj at rtaaonable rataa.
L. A. 8. OACK, Manaasr./ERNIE ORANCH
Western Canada
Railroads Shying
At Imported Coal
The railroads of Western Canada
aro (IoIiik tliolr utmost to got away
from tln> uso of Imported conl, nccord-
iiiK to diked Slates Consul General
John K Jonos, nt Winnipeg. While
un Ui mcl to coal enters Canada duty
fico, tho Pennsylvania fields, which
ln-rotoforo, lmvo supplied the major
portion of tlio conl for railroad consumption In Western Canada, are so
far removed tlmt tlio cost of transportation 1ms boenmn an important factor
In the oconomy of rnllroivl opniatlon.
li Is ostlmatotl that fully 1,500,000 tone
of Pennsylvania coal are nnniiiilly
used by**tho railroads of Wostorn Canada. Air of the railroads In that soc-
tion ara Interested Iu the opening of
conl properties iilonu tliolr brandies;
ami the difficulty In tho past lias boon
it lack of anthracite ,ppal of sufficient,
hoatliiK 'quality to inako an Ideiil
steaming product. Tho Canadian Pacific mil way Is about to Install* upon
a Boetlon of Its western linos, oiikIiioh
doHlKiioil to burn oil. Tlio company
will continue to \im coal as far west
as Hnindon for the present. Hetween
Kamloops and Liikriiii, a distance of
270 nillns, nnd from Kamloops to the
coast, oil will In? imorl. Hugo oil tnnlts
will lie or«ctod-nt Knmloops ntid Vancouver, each with a capacity of I'll),.
fidri   * t n« ,    . i ,        .t*t i
,,.l,.t...i .,       ,.,^,.,,1   Ji       1,11,1,14}. t .till
■Ml \':\\\ emtio \n «trimers from Ibe
fnllfornln oil fields direct Io Vancouver and bo distributed from there. The
company Is about to olnctrlfy n small
branch of Its lino for tho purpose of
flf-mnn^ti-'iMt," tht, titinttrttrYtlr* fifftf.lt.ittit,
of electricity as, a motlvo power.
The (irnnd Trunk Pacific ami1* Canadian Northern rnllronds bollovo they
lmvo solved tho problom of a satisfactory steiimlnjt coal In the opening of
nut Jasper collieries nnd tbo Urazeau
j'n.il fields of Southwestern Alberta,
(These properties aro   located   about
!'.'■"• miles west of Edmonton Imniedl-
jatily west of the sixth principal mortd-
jl.irj, and on both sides of the At-ha-
flwMf'ft  river.   No  development  work
1 has yot boon dono upon the north sido
j but a start has been made this year,
•so ap tn b« r-wdy lor tSeilvery by th«
timo tbo Canadian Northern railway
tracks   reach   there.     Considerable
ponding to their industries and In a
political party representing them as a
whole is of increasing necessity as the
struggle proceeds and the enemy resists the advance of the workers and
seeks in every way possible to pro-
vent them from unifying their forces
for aggressive action and efficient conflict.
The Southern Worker is sound and
logical on this vital question of economic and political organization. It
sees the whole of the struggle and
comprehends the logic of the situation
and Its efforts to awaken the workers
in the mills, mines and cotton fields,
and all the hosts of productive toil,
to organizo their economicMind political powor, should be seconded by the
workers themselves with such enthusiasm ns to make such efforts fruitful
of the largest and most substantial
results,
Uot together, you workers, and
waste no more time about it! Cot
together In the union of your industry and thero not only fight the'bosses
In a solid militant body, but make
that union tlio training school In
which to develop your class solidarity,
your class spirit, and to fit you, by
your own seir-lmposod discipline and
your own cultivated self-respect, for
tbo higher destiny which awaits you
when you shall havo conquered your
exploiters, dostroyod wngo olavory and
laid tho foundation for tho great
commonwealth in which you nre to be
tbo ruling sovereigns.
The tlinoi-i wero novor so propltloiiB
nor tho opportunities so groat as thoy
nro today, Wo liave within ourselves
tho Inhnront powers necessary to conquer In this struggle Lot us develop
those powers through sound'education
and rovolutlonnry organizations and
speed tho dny of omnnlcpatlon.—
Southern Workor.
GOAL MINING IN
BRITISITCOLUMBIA
Some effort should be made by tbe
<'oaI companies opentiLg in British
Columbia to place their industry on a
better financial footing. We suppose
it is too much to expect these companies which have a large percentage
of watered stock to .reduce their capitalization to a business basis, but there
is otherwise no hope for such companies and they cannot be expected to
earn reasonable dividends on such
capital. It is to the soundedly financed coal company we refer.
The capital of British Coal companies averages $2 per ton of coal mined,
and these are tho most soundly financed coal companies in the world. In
British Columbia, for instance, we
have two. companies, the Canadian
CollicricB and tho Pacific Coast Collieries, Ltd., each with a capital forty
times greater than warranted by their
production on tho-basls quoted. The
Crows Nest Pass Coal company, Ltd.,
has magnificent assets ln proportion
to its capitalization and should lead
the van, as it formerly did, as a dividend payer. As matters stand, however, the investment in' it is valueless
to the mass of the shareholders, and
their interests are sacrificed to the
enrichment of a foreign corporation.
The Great Northern railway gets its
coal at $2.40 per ton, or less than cost,
when, if the Crews Nest Pass company were conducted on a sound business basis, instead of a means of
graft for a foreign railway corporation, the Great Northern railway company would pay nearer ?3 per ton for
its coal. We know of families in Toronto, the heads of which now deceased, invested in Crows Nest Coal
stock under the belief that they had a
security as good as Government bonds
and which would bring in a steady income to those dependent on their estates. Some of these families are literally- in want today, while their
shares are unsaleable, and the share
of the profits they should receive from
their investment goes to swell the
profits of this foreign railway corporation, and make, dividends for its
shareholders at the expense of the
shareholders in the Crows Nest Pass
Coal company. This is not fair to the
industry of coal mining in British Columbia, and is, we believe, a condition
of-things that should not be tolerated
by the Government. The home investor should be fairly protected in his investment in the natural resources of
the country.—.Mining and Engineer-
Ing~ReE6fd;      """~~~
RICE'S
eRERM
BAKING POWDER
You will And it a great satisfaction io do
More Home Baking
You will make biscuit, cake and pastry
clean, fresh and tasty—better every way
than tbe ready made foods.
Dr. Price's Baking Powder is specially
devised for home use, and makes home
baking easy and a delight. It will protect you from the dread alum baking
powders, which are too frequently found
in the ready made articles, and insure
you food of the .highest healthfulness*
HALF-MONTHLY PAYDAY LAW
Both brimclioB of tho Pennsylvania
loglBlntiiro lmvo passed n bill providing two pay days a month In all commercial and Industrial lines, and the'
monsuro now goos to tho governor,
.Tho bill requires ono pjiymont botwoon
tbo first nnd fifteenth ot each month
nnd nnolhor botwoon the flftoonth arid
Inst day of tho month unlos's., othor-
,. t.i.. • ..H. ,,i: i.i    i ;       ,     9...
...,..i.-    „.t^ittii.ii.t,    m   „   vUiAwati.     lit*)
pennlty for vlnlMlmi \<< n fine of nol
more tbim MOO nnd tho act Is to be-
I'tm.e effective July 1, 1013.
That Industrialism Ib tho principal
emmr. ef Mm fPMnj; of •■'ill'i mv] J.»:?.v?3C
asylums, tho killing off of ona-tblrd
of nil babies in tbo first yoar of tliolr
life, and tho restricting or other births
ils doolnrod by Dr. M. O. Bchapp, pro-
feasor of -neuropathology nt Cornell
University, In nri nddross horo rocont-
ly at the oonforoneo on montal by-
Blonn, "Oogrmeratlon and race, suicide Increase with Industrial supremacy and tho stress of modern competition Is the wuiKu of much of tho Insanity. Employment of women In factories and tbo almost ceasoloss activity demanded of nil classes In efforts
to rwlBlii: thi-ir positions nro leading
canoes In tho breakdown of mental
health.
EXPLOSIBILITY OF
CARBONACEOUS DUST
(Condensed from "The Engineer")
Investigations which have been and
are being carried out in nearly nil
mining countries into the explosibili-
ty of coal-dust have convinced most
people that this particular class of
carbonaceous matter Is even more dangerous than accumulations of firedamp; but it is not only ln the mino
that disaster from this cause lies latent. It cannot bo too clearly understood that wherever carbonaceous dust
Is produced, no matter from,- what
source it arises, there Is moro than
tho possibility that, sooner or later,
all tho conditions requisite for tho development of an oxploBlon may simultaneously nrlso. Tho disastrous accidents which occurred at Mossrs.
Primrose's provender mill at Glasgow
ou November 10 last year, and at
Messrs. Blbby's oll-cako mill at Liverpool ii fortnight lntor, fully Illustrato
our remarks.
Where tho Glnsgow explosion occurred China beans, aftor washing and
drying, woro crushed and broken botwoon chilled cast-iron plates and thon
ground botwoon stonos. Tho Inspector hnB como to the conclusion that It
\yns on tbo floor devoted to tho lattor
nilllslonos Hint thn explosion originated, Thnt It was a dust explosion horo
scorns to bo no room to doubt. A
snmplo of tho dust collected from ono
of tbo boams In tho mill was oxom-
Inod ns to Us exploBlvo qunlltlos. It
was found to be Ignltablo at n tompor-
uturo of 1050 degrees, Contlgrudo,
which Is Ipwor than tho Ignition point
of many feonl dustB. Kurthor, tho
flumes trnvollod appreciably faster
through tho bonn-iliisl, than through
iiipflt samples nf„eonl-dimt tested In a
Hlinllariniuuior, Mr. Smith Is of opinion tilnt'tlio dlsnittor nroso from tho
fall of some dust from an ovor-hoAtod
beam Into tho naked flamo of tx gus
Jot ■used for lighting purposes, and
that thn propagation of tho oxploBlon
Is to be attributed to tho disturbance
of fresh dust by; tho Initial explosion.
In tho disaster at Liverpool thoro Is
-i.Vt.ij Jti«iju»i lw ZtinniQ-iU Uiill thu UAJIiO-
Mrin ntnrtprt In n cellar ecmt.'iljjljji,' a
number of disintegrators employed
for grinding oll-cako, locust beans, and
othor material, it Is practically cor-
tain that tho driving belt of a dlsln-
fftfrvufr-tj*   IivaVa   vtM.1    Hi,*,-,,,.    „,,., -i.i
--'■-• '    -     '  *1    *'      1 *****   \4    i\. *A|* I*, *k,«V<l*t*
of dust from tho accumulation on .tho
beams and machinery. Mow this
cloud was Ignited Is loss cloar. Thoro
woro no lighted gas jots In tho nolgb-
borhood of tho collar at tho Mino of
tho disaster, and, on tho wholo, Iho
cause ot Ignition must bo left nn open.
quoBtlon,
Three plausible theories, however,
havo boon advanced. It li posBlble
that whon tho belt broke a workman
may, in tbe darkened state of tbe room
have struck a match. Subsequent experiments showed that a cloud of dust
could be fired by an ordinary match
when Ignited in the cloud. In the second place, it is pointed out that the
disintegrators were each provided
with an electromagnetic device for removing particles of Iron from the feed.
The wires of the'magnets of one machine w-^re found after the explosion
to be broken and fused at the loose
ends, arid it Is thus possible that the
ignition of the dust was caused by a
spark from these wires. Here, again,
experimental confirmation can be produced, but the sequence of the breaking, first of the belt, and then of the
magnet wires is not readily explainable. The third theory is based, on
the fact that a fuse wire near the" broken belt, and forming part of the electric lighting circuit was subsequently
found to have blown. In addition, a
16-candle-power carbon incandescent
lamp on the same circuit as the blown
fuse was found to be broken after the
explosionu. This lamp is' known to
have been in use .shortly before tbe
disaster occurred. It is therefore regarded as possible that the lamp broke
■eoineiuentiy-with"the-beltrtha1r-"are--
ing over" took place, and that the fuse
was in consequence blown.
The primary point to remember is
that wherever carbonaceous dust of
practically any kind is produced in any
quantity conditions of safety should
be enforced as rigorously as they are
in a modern coal mine. This at once
stamps the use of a naked flame for
any purpose In such situations almost
as criminal. If artificial light be required Incandescent electric lamps
should be used. Particles, of iron or
steel in the material being ground
should be removed by efficient electro-magnetic separators. Finally, every precaution should be taken against,
the escape of dust into the atmosphere
and if this, as is almost certain, cannot be completely avoided thorough
cleansing of all machines, elevators,
conveyors, and wherever dust is liable to accumulate, should be carried;
out daily, and preferably by suction
methods.
The Preachers who are enquiring
"What Would Jesus Do?" ought to congratulate themselves that he is not
where he can use a whip in a strong
right arm, as he once was.
One Virtue.—Poverty is no disgrace;
but that's about all that can be said
in its favor.—Detroit Free Press.
ShilohlM
'ht fwnlly r*mtiy  tot  Cu«hi  tnd CJoldi
Shltob t**\* vt Unit mi tott to rnuehl'
Save Your Money
"TTrrllAT a mnn oarnB Is
" * not ns Important as
what bo Bavos, An offlco
boy making ?0 u wook, of
which amount ho snvos $1,
Is actually earning moro
than tho |2S-*a wook man
who saves nothing.    Tho
s boy's business Is paying a
dividend; tho man's■ Is a
failure,
No mattor how small
your salary may bo, you
ninko a serious mistake
whon you fall to save a
part of It. When you got
your noxt week's salary,
mako up your mind to deposit, a cortaln porcontngo
or It In this bank, whoro
It'will draw Interest at tho
. highest curront rato.
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
«
ii
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee ancl Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwood Buttermilk
■59
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay D»
H. 6.600DEVE CO., Ltd.
Wmmmm99m.mm.mmmm^mmmmmmmmm9^m99999mmmm.^mlmmmmmmi9^m9tmmmmmmmm9mi9mmmaimmmmmimmmimm
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass      "
Hardware Furniture
,.   Wo will furniuli yoiii' houso f'rmii collar to garret    i
and at bottom prices,    Call, Write, Phono or
Wire.    All   ordors given   prompt'attention.'
Coleman,        -        Alta.
If yon aro satisfied tell others.   I f not fiatisfied toll us. THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0,, MAY 3, 1913.
PAGE THREE
A
$10G' Reward, $100.
Tho readers of thle paper will bo pleased tn learn
that there la at least one dreaded disease that science
has been able to cure la all lu stages, and that U
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is the only positive
cure now known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken In*
temaUy. acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces ot the system, thereby destroying tha
foundation ot the disease, and giving the paUent
strength by building up the constitution and assisting nature In doing Its work. - The proprietors havo
M much faith In Ita curative powers that they otter
One Hundred Dollars tor any case that It tails ta
cure.   Send for list of testimonials.
Address F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.
Sold by all Druggists, 75c
Take Hall's Family Pflla tor constipation.
A Flash of
Lightning
la just as lik-ely to strike
the house of the uninsured
man as tbat of bis more prudent neighbor. No building
Is Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time there Is a thunderstorm.
M. A. KASTNER
Sole Agent for Fernie
GRATIFYING REDUCTION OF
GOAL-MINE ACCIDENTS
Livery, Feed
aid Sill Stables
First class Horscft for Sale.
Buys Horses on Coinmlslon
George Barton
Phone 78
Why
Rent?
Ooal mine accldenta occurring in
the United States during the year 1912
have been compiled by the United
States Bureau of Mines under the direction of Frederick W. Horton. The
publication, which is now ready for
distribution, gives a resume of the accidents from 1896 to 1912 inclusive,
with monthly statistics for the year
1912.
In reviewing the year Mr. Horton
says: "During the calendar year 1912
there were 2,360 men killed in and
about the coal mines of the United
States. Based on an output of 550,-
000,000 short tons of coal produced by
750,000 men, the death rate per 1,000
employed was 3.15, and the number of
men killed for every 1,000,000 tons of
coal mined 4.29. The number bf men
killed was the least since 1906, the
death rate per 1,000 employed was the
smallest since 1899, the death rate per
1,000,000 tons of coal mined was the
lowest, and the number of tons of coal
produced in proportion to number of
men killed the greatest on record.
These facts offer indisputable evidence tbat conditions tending toward
safety in coal mining are actually improving, and that coal is now being
mined with less danger to the miner
than ever before. The general improvement in 1912 as compared with
1911 is shown by the following facts:
"In 1912 the number of men killed
in the coal mines of the United States
was 359 less than in 1911—2,360 as
compared with 2,719—a decrease of
13.2 per cent., and this in spite of the
fact that there were more men employed in mines and more coal mined
than In any previous year.
"The death rate per 1,000 men employed in 1912 was 3.15 as against 3.73
in the previous year—a decrease cf
15.5 per cent. ,  "
"During 1912 for every 1,000,000 tons
of coal mined 4.29 men were killed as
compared with 5.48 in 1911, a decrease
of 2.17 per cent.
"There were 233,000 tons of coal
mined for each man killed in 1912 as
compared with 183,000 tons in 1911,
an increase of 50,000 tons, or 27.3 per
cent.
"Although the improvement in 1912
was greater than in any previous year
for which accurate statistics are available, partly due, perhaps, to exceptionally mild weather during- the last
few months of the year, decreasing
ihe_likelihood_o£»disastrotts-coal-dust-
explosions, there has been an annual
improvement for a number of years,
as indicated by the following table:
Number of men killed in and about
coal mines in the United States in the
calendar years 1907 to 1912, inclusive,
with death rates:
-    Number  Killed
aually; that the production per death
has increased each year since 1907,
and that the death rate per 1,000 men
employed has steadily decreased1 during the last four years.       ■   ■"-
"This general improvement has been
brought about by a combination of
causes, the principal one of which.has
been more efficient and effective mine
inspection on the part of Stato mining departments and State mine inspectors throughout the country, supplemented by greater care on the part
of both operators and miners. The
investigative and educational work of
the Bureau of Mines has kept both operators and miners alive to the various dangers connected with coal min-
ing, and has shown what precautions
should bo taken to avoid these dangers. The Bureau is, therefore, gratified with the improvement shown,
particularly as the greatest improvement relates to .dangers concerning
which the Bureau has been conducting special Investigations, as is shown
later. The Bureau, however, can not
too strongly express its appreciation
of the co-operation of State mining officials and operators in the work of
making coal mining safer.
"Although there has been an annual
improvement in mine-safety conditions
since 1907, and a particularly notable
one In 1912, a still greater decrease in
the death rate can be effected. Whether or not such an improvement will be
made in 1913 depends largely on the
care exercised by the operators, superintendents, foremen, and all* others
in authority, and by the miners as well
to prevent the rise of dangerous conditions and to avoid,unnecessary risks
when such conditions have arisen."
Copies of this report, Technical Paper 48, may be obtained by addressing the Director, Bureau of .-Mines,
Washington, D.C.
one .point gives the blowers a ray of
hope, -but the printers' experience
should have the effect of shattering
any such tendency dn the part of the
bottle blowers; President Hayes, of
the bottle blowers' union, has advised
the -members that it is useless to oppose the installation of the machines,
even though they do not even require
an operator and will mean the vanishment of the human blower. The glass
blowers must become reconciled to
their fate, as modern methods of manufacturing will surely prevail. President Hayes declares that the union's
only desire should be to devise some
way, some sort of compromise, whereby the trade and only means of livelihood of glass bottle blowers who have
spent their lives in tne Industry will
be saved from annihilation. The evolution from hand to machine typesetting carried with it the consequent
hardships, but in the course of time
matters so adjusted themselves that
now In most instances there are more
men employed than under the old
regime. However, it is hardly to be
hoped that such will be the result in
the glass bottle Industry.—The Typographical Journal.
Considers Question of
Harnessing the Ohio
Mining Co. Claims
To Have Solved the
"Booze" Proble n
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AOBNT8 POR
Plre Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Year
tf
Total
per 1,000.
employed.
Per 1,000,000
short tons
mined..
Production
per death,
short tons.
1907
3,197
4.88
6.93
144,000
1908
2,449
3.64
6.05
105,000
1909
2,668
4.00
5.79
173,000
1910
2,840
3.92
5.66
177,000
1911
2,719
3.73
-5.48
183,000
1912
2,360
3.15
4.29
233,000
"It will be noted from the foregoing
tnblo that tho death rate per 1,000,000
tons of coal mined has decreased an-
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., LDG.,
DBNTI8T
Office: Johnstons and Falconer Block
(Abovo Dloandoll's DriJjr Storo)
rhono 121
Hours; U.30 to 1; li to 6,
Uoaulonce; 21, Victoria Av«nut.
ALEXANDER MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Qt:lai: CwUUIi. Cuil-JIn-j,
Pernio, B.C.
Fi Ci (.awe
Alex. I. Pleho'
LAWK A USHER
ATTORNEYS
Pernio, B. C.
L.   H.   PUTNAM
Barrister, ftolleltor, Notary Public, etc.
OLAWMOnC
ALTA.
Within th« put few montbi
over 100 periom have written
to the Zam-Buk Co. reporting
their cure of eciema, rashes
and skin diseases by Zam-Buk I
Doesthlsnot prove that Zam-
Buk Is something different?   I
Don't you need it In j^our
household? ,
Mlu Mary MoOualg, 013 St. Uih-
♦rluo SUwt W., Mcmtroal, wynj
"I do no* know words noweiinl
enough to expr«u my gratitude to
Zurn lluk, Eesoroe brolw out on my
ic&lp and baud*. Ths Irritation of
tho ioaIp was io bad that I oonld not
iloop or r«it, and I loarod I iboiild
havo to have my hair-out off, On
my hand* tbo uiw»wi a|ip«ar«*i in
novo put'to-M, th* burning and b-'hli #
of whlish drove me mnny tlmoi to
■polls of weeping. I went to the ilia,
penury, but they referred me ii *
•kin special!!*, who aald that mine
wu aa bad ft eaao of eeieme ai he lind
aean. He (tave me some olntmeiis
and then a woond lot, but neither
gare me any relief.        '
"I wm In i vtrjr bad tottMen *h«n torn-
Buk wm latrnduitil, but I ioon found out
that It wai dlSarint itm all ihe olh.r rtm«>
dlti, I MrM*m«*d with thi 7.am-mili mat.
mnl,*Wuch Imt did wt more endI mjrt
joMl, The IrrlUtloo and »miHln« *<**.dU-
»rp«»i«d, thin lha itmt b*mn t* WUriih
bulthr itinera* om Ibi vatla *W«b M
S»ineor»,enH I aro bow ««»•.•'«''0™*"
tnoM at eoiarna, bolh eafcud and bandi,
UfhilrkutJ-wbatniaTM,"  „   ..„„„.
yVMBUK
A coal mining company located near
Walsenburg, Colo., claims to have
solved the liquor problem, for its employes by providing a club that1 is operated somewhat on the order of the
army canteen.   The operators of the:
■mine-realized "thaHh^TWurd"not"Keep"
their employes if they were unable to
secure liquors, and the question was
how they could best be served. This
particular mine is operated by the
Sunny Side Coal Mining Company,
and W. F. Oaks, its vice-president, is
quoted as saying: "Ono of the acknowledged handicaps in. every mining
camp is the character of the saloons
maintained there. -. These bar-rooms
are generally of a very low order, the
liquor sold the vilest of tho vile, and
trouble of one sort or another is everlasting. It is useless to argue against
tho existence of a saloon of one sort
or another ln or about mining camps.
If the men can't get their beer, or
whatever they want, at a saloon, they
will buy it from bootleggers, which is
worso. Either this or they will go to
a camp where they can get It."
Mr. Oaks wont on to say that he had
had troublo at his company camp,
and, hitting on a remedy, he discussed tho matter with the men, with tho
outcome that tlio lattor organized a
social club. Tho company furnished
a clubhouse, which Is well fitted with
comforts and conveniences, and is
stocked with the best brands of all
kinds of liquors,
Ho continued! "Ono of tbo first
rules agreed to was that tho club
should bo kept open only from 4,30.to
10 30 p.m.; this liafl boon Btrlctly enforced. This haB resulted In tho men
retiring early ovory night, being froah
for work every dny, and starting In
with a clear bond; because hoavy
drinking is discouraged In tbo ovonlng, and tlio club Ib oloaod until nftor
working liourB tho noxt day. To ditto
tbo plnn has worked to tho satisfaction of tho mon and tho company, and
I bollovo tho ayntom will ovontually
bo adoptod In all tho big enrnpa In tbo
Stato,",
Tho cliibbotiHo Ih undor tho management of an oxporloncod man. Tlio
company finds that, with thia manner
of having tliolr amployda aorved with
liquors, nnd affording thorn n placo of
rocroation, Intoxication haB boon practically ollininatod, tha efficiency of
tho mnn InoronHod, and a high clarm
of workmen has boon attracted to tho
camp,
The Cincinnati Chamber of Com-
erce, through its' Board of Directors
last week, set itself to the task of making Cincinnati immune from future
flood disasters by instructing President Walter A.( Draper to appoint a
special committee of not less than five
members to canvass the situation and
make recommendations to the board
for proper plans for a movement to
reconstruct tbe, water front.
The Board of Directors held a special session to take cognizance of the
situation. After hours of deliberations
in which the flood history of the Ohio
valley was delved into at length, the
following desolution'was adopted:
That it is the sense of this meeting
that a movement ought to be launched immediately with the combined efforts of tbe business interests of this
city looking toward the adoption of
permanent plans to minimize the effect of floods in Cincinnati.
The work of the special committee
which Mr. Draper will appoint probably will follow closely the lines of
action of the Pittsburg Flood Commission, which attempted the solution of
the flood 'problem in. Pittsburgh, following the memorable floods of 1907
and 1908, which served to crystallize
■f.he"seniiment-ofTthe_Pittsbufgir^ifI~
zens for relief from property damage
and loss of life.
There was no desire on the part of
the directors to take any action advocating any radical reconstruction of
the water front or- other plans for
flood relief. Rather it was deemed advisable to secure a comprehensive and
systematic survey of the situation before reaching any decision.
The first work of the committee will
be to ascertain the value of the property In the flood district in order to
establish, immediately whether it is
sufficient to warrant an enormous expenditure which it is admitted any
plans for flood relief would Involve,
Tho co-operation of the engineering
department of tlie city and the University of Cincinnati will be enlisted
by the committee In securing a survey
of tho flood district.' In estimating
the valuo of tho property to determine
the feasibility of a great monetary outlay, tho commltteo also will tako Into
consideration tho enhanced valuo if
tbe property would be made immune
from wator invnalon. '
It ls recognized that whatever may
DIRECT ACTION vs,
POLITICAL ACTION
Editor, B. C Federationist — Re
Direct Actionism, Trades Unionism,
Syndicalism and Socialism. Whilst
there may be a few more "isms" in
the organized labor movement of today, they are but sections of the four
above mentioned organisms. In dealing with and endeavoring to explain
the objects of these bodies, and the
results to be obtained from their efforts towards the emancipation of the
working class, the writer will be as
brief as possible.
Direct Actionists, or, as probably
better known, the I.W.W., have made
their presence known and felt during
the last few years in this country.
Their intentions art to organize all
bodies and classes of workers not already organized, and their platform
"to discard .political action and to take
possession of the -machinery of production by force." Now, in view of
the fact that the army, the navy, the
militia, the police, and all other powers, aro in the hands of the capitalist
class, to take, or even dreams of taking, possession of the machinery of
production by these methods, seems
to be, to say the least, a suicidal
policy.
The policy of violence is, according
to all the laws of nature, a crime,
chief amongst its evils being, that not
only does It destroy property, and occasionally life, but has a deterent influence on tbe labor movement, itself.
An organization whose policy is a
destructive one may, for a short time,
meet with'a certain measure of success, but to dream of it ever accomplishing lasting advantages for the
working class is folly. Impatience at
results obtained by political parties, is
mainly responsible for the introduction of this form of organization.
Trades Unionism and the part it
plays in society^is the next theme.
As a safeguard against reduction of
wages, sweat shops and other tyrannical abuses by employers of labor, to
have membership with a union which
is  ready to  strike  when  conditions
Ij i,
warrant such a course, is necessary.
To the trades union movement can
be attributed shorter hours, higher
wages and a host of other reform.*?.
Some of the methods adopted by
the latter organizations, are advocated
and practiced by the Direct Actionists,
viz., the strike and the boycott; but
whilst the I.W.Wi. propose direct action, sabotage, etc., those best trained
in organized thought and action in the
"Trades Onions endeavor to" better
their  condition on the jobs  by   the
Great Northern
Train arrives Fernie from,South at 9.30 a.m.
Leaves Pernio for South at 12.43 p.m.
Daily except Sunday
Sharp connection at Rexford for;passengers aud express from "Western points, and
connection with G.N. fast mail and express
from east.
Latest equipment and best service, for
Eastern   and   Western    points.
J. S. THOMSON
PHONE 161.
BOX 305.
John A* McDonald
. FIRE INSURANCE
Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Agent
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Aita.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR "     .•-: Proprietor
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
-BELfcE-V-U-E — ! Albertar
(Continued on Pago 7)
Governor Hatfield
To Settle Miners'
Contentions
MACHINE PROBLEM OF
THE GLASS BLOWERS
Tlio bIiun bottle blowora nro facing
ti problem tliat confronted tho hand
compoflltora somo twenty yonrs nen.
nnd frequent offorta lmvo boon mado
by tho bottle bloworn' union to pro-
vont tho automatic dovlco from wiping
out tho domand for aklllod lnbor In
tho Industry.  The dovlco which la
caualhg ho much alarm  among  tho
glaos blowora, and wlhch threatens to
revolution!™ the bottle-making Indua-
try, wua Invented in 1004 by a practical gtaan blower,  It la absolutely automatic, not *cyen requiring an operator.   In ono hour It can turn out aa
mnny bottles na'tho efficient mechanic
I fan In a whole day.  Tbe only dlaad-
vaututdi U lUul It U very expenalve to
What Is bollovod to bo tho beginning of tho ond of tho Industrial
troublo In the Kanawha valley of West
Virginia, wna launched on Monday of
this wook whon Gov. Henry D, Hatfield announced n plan of aottlomont
and called upon operators and minora
to accode to tho plan and ond tho conflict,
Tho governor makoa the following
^'commendations:
Plrat—That tho oporritora concede
to the minors the.right to aolect n
chcckwolghroan from among tliolr own
number whon n mhjprlty ..demands, aa
Indicated and In keeping with sections
■Ifl-IHO of tho Stato code, to dotormlno
to the entire satisfaction of tho employe tho exact weight of all coal min-
od by hlrn and IiIh co-worlfora.
Socond.—I suggest that a nlno-hour
day bo conceded to tho minora by tho
oforutorn. To lie more fully under.
Htood n« to what, eon at I tut mi n nlno-
110111' day, I respectfully advise that It
meaiiB ntno hours of actual service by
tho omployo to tho omployor nt the
anmo Bcnle of wagoa now paid.
Third —Thnt nn dlnortmlnntlon hn
mado ngainbl nny minor, and tbat If
ho electa ho may bo permitted to pur-
chaRo tho uupplles for tho maintenance
of his family whorovor it an Its him
boat, aa thia la claimed by the operators to be the caao at tho present timo.
It (a hoped by tho. chief cxocutlvo that
It will be the pleasure of the mine operators who own and control com ml b-
aarloa to boo thst the prices of their
merchandise are In keeping with the
samo prices made by Independent or
any other atoros throughout tho Kanawha valley-
Fourth—ihat the operator* grant n
strike and boycott, whilst at tho same
time, thoy build up tbeir power by
political action.
True, thero are many ih the ranks
of the trades unions who do not yet
realize the power of the ballot, in
that knowledge is being gradually instilled into their minds.
Syndicalism, of French origin, has
met with no small measure of success
in the European countries, but is still
in its infancy in this country. , Not
being a separate movement, but one
which may become part of the other
organizations, tho writer doos not feel
disposed to unravol its mysteries.
Socialism, tho last great "Ism," tlio
emancipator of the most degraded of
all systems, the present wage-system,
should strlko a sympathetic chord In
tho hearts of all members of tho working class.
The platform of tho Socialist pa-:y
ctnnds for tho only sane and sure
method of changing tho present system, with Its while slavery, unemployment, starvation, and Innumerable
other evils, viz,, by moans of tho ballot, yet thousands upon thousands do
not realize It.
Howovor, tho dawn of Intelligence
Is breaking, and gradually class Interests ore making their proaonco known.
The day Is not far distant when
tho working class, although at present
taking various different .routes, towards the attainment of nn improvement ln tho prosont system, will finally, through tho oppression of capitalism, shako off tho shackles, which for
conturlos havo bound them and voto
unitedly for working class ownorahlp
of all things.
Feudalism was not dostroyod In;on*
day. but by tho Introduction and development of the machlnory of pro
ductlon. In llko manner will wage
slavery bo obollahod, by audi chnngoa
aa will bo of ndvnntngo to the producer of all wealth—the. working
class.
II. J. MeHWRN,
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELER  AND  OPTICIAN
FERNIE,   B.C.
1    Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel
of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Why Don't You Take
A Good Spring Tonic
P
PUZZLES MINERS' BOARD
A complicated mutter enmo boforo
t)io oporatora' and minors! official
boards at Brazil,. Ind,, for aotllomont.
Tho Schrepfermnn Conl company dis-
ujurgutf clio muii ompioj-uu in we lower vt-Jjj tit Oil-. Nu. 3 'uilmi m.il .'iDwiivd
tho men to work In tho upper vein,
where the conl wiih moro nee«s*lblo.
Prosldont WIIHnm flnrrlgus called1 tho
men out, doctoring that It wna n vlo-
"tot.UU    O*     *..<.    siSii.ti*Av*t     i'-l    U%lK',i\M    A
portion of tho mine. Tho owners of
tho mine doolnro tho volna nro distinctly aeparato and the caso probably will bo aont to the International
preoldont for Bettlomont.
Vou nood lt~-Kvorybody needs it—Wo all nood a Spring blood
cleanser, norvo tonic and bracor. When you got up In tho morning,
tired, laay—at tho broakfaat table no nppotlto for food—at your dally
work no ambition or ability—nothing accompllahiid all day but yawn
and Btrotch—your ayatbm needs bracing, your norvoa noed settling:
your onorgloa need roconatructlng. Lot ua ahow you the boat Spring
tonlca for all'ugdB nnd undor nil conditiona, tho kind that will'cloanso
your blood—restore your appetite-bruco you upr-glvc you deitlro and
ulilllty for work, piny!or study—a treatment in evwry respect that will
keep you well and happy all Summer.
A.W. BLEASDELL
DRUGGIST AND STATIONER PESNIB, B.C>.
, Install and to keop In operation.  This j aeml-montlily pay,
Why should workers destroy property, seeing that they mnde It nnd It
took their time' or Uvea to do It? But
why should thoy not potmens the property they havo created?
Capitalist* do not weard their
"help" ns human. Thny ar* known In
tho abop aa "banda" and In pniitleii!
economy na "labor power."
OMEDANK"CaNADA
ONE DOLLAR EVERY WEEK
it
The odvnntnge of depoKliliig ono dollar a wook. In a suvlnga
account with tho Home Bank la not so much the fact that you
will havo K dollars to you:;, credit nt the <;iid of tho year—with
full compound Interest to \»- udd«l. Tht- nr».;<i m*n la* that you
have learned how to save and havi» therefore got within view
of the first milestone along the road to succeaa.
HEAD OFFICE-TORONTO
Jamet Mwon,
General Man.iwr.
Ledger Advs. Bring Results PAGE POUB
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., MAY 3, 1913.
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.' , An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNKAM  Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
This is no apology—no attempt to placate—but
an invitation to you to do a little thinking on what
has been accomplished, not forgetting while means
may differ Ave. can have but one end.
x
ARMS AND THE MAN
Reminiscences;
The Other Side
THE DISTRICT LEDGER
Having been appointed liy your District Executive Board to edit and manage tlie District Ledger
I think it is opportune to slate what 1 understand
my .position to be in relation to your board.
ln the first place I understand that 1 am engaged
to run the District Ledger, the District Hoard being
iii the position of Trustees or Directors, therefore
my masters.     That it is no part of my business to
attempt to run the mineworkers organization   by
disagreeing witii their servants or officers—whoever they may be.     That the mine workers elect
these officers, and if they do not know how to instruct them, and do not know who will best serve
their interests, then it is no part.of my business to
educate them in this direction.     That   any   new
board coming into power may, if they feel disposed,
remove mc and elect another man   in   my   place.
That while the officers may have certain ideas as
to how the paper should be run this question is for
the mineworkers to decide—not me.   Lastly, that
I shall expect exactly the same treatment from the
officers that would be accorded me by any business
concern—viz., if I am able to rim this concern successfully that my services will bc retained; if 1. am
not that I shall be dismissed^ I ask for no Constitutional guarantee of the members, for if I cannot
hold this position on my merits, then the sooner 1
quit thc better it will be for both the Ledger ami
myself.     I have however sufficient faith in the
. commonsense of the mineworkers to know that they
elect men who are tried servants—although   they
may differ occasionally and even remove Ihem—
and I am quite content to rest my case with these
men, whoever they may be.
"REMINISCENCES—THE OTHER SIDE'
UNDER this caption wc, reproduce <i lengthy
article from tlie pen of one Mr. AV. Clifford,
who certainly takes himself very seriously, Imt we
trust the mine workers of District 18 will not treat
him with as much consideration. As a sample of'
unadulterated Toryism, he is, however, unique. Introducing his article by the candid admission that
lie knows nothing about the cause oC tlie strike except what, he has read in thc newspapers nud the
"'Colliery Guardian," the writer goes on to slate
that ''This strike was llie culmination of an aggressive policy that bad  its   inception   over   40
years (!)  ago "   Having fired this at his
renders, he slips another over, but this only 30 yenvs
ago, "Wc would not tolerate for one moment the
methods of pretence which solemnly entered into
the bulk of miners' grievances in England 30 years
ago, especially the' official ones.," One hundred
years ago we hung men for sheep stealing; within
twenty years of this date, the writings of individuals of his class will bo perused with as much curiosity ns wc at present bestow upon lnumificd specimens.of thc stone age. Another supposition of the
scribe is that the worker will actually bo wanting
a six hour day! We trust that he is not subject
loeardiacal trouble, for should he lionr that one
trade union in Tacoma has secured a six and a half
hour day, the result may bo disastrous,
But, seriously, lwA'is you ever realized tho significance o. such reniai'ks'? 1 Invo you ever tried lo
realize the stride tlmt trade unionism lias inside—-
aiitcdeliivian and useless iim some insist trade unions
tn be, and we admit that they have many incon-
grniiies—the many changes,that havo taken place
within the last, few years throughout the wliolo industrial world? Do you think lhat any individual
or individuals who understand the most clomonl-
ary principles of the labor movement--except un
imbecile -would endeavor to "brake" Ihis movement .' Do 'y'tiii think"Uiiil lib Uii\t\ f The"'ij'tiM-
lions nre ridiculous—for we only recognize in such
attempts the most active factor for progress.
TT THEN George Bernard Shaw, in "Major Bar-
" ■ bara," gave to the world his dramatic portrait of a modern cannon king, in Sir Andrew TJn-
dershaft, he no doubt imagined that the picture
was complete aud up-to-date in every way. But
at that time such an occurrence as the exposure of
the Krupp concern by the Socialist Deputy, Karl
Liebkneeht, wliich is now gaitating Germany, was
unforeseen by the dramatist, and this particular
characteristic of the. modern armament manufacturer, the drumming up of trade, by deliberately
sowing hate aiuhsuspicion between the nations, with
a view to prospective customers, was overlooked.
There is still another clause to be added to the
creed, which Shaw recites as compromising "the
true faith of an armorer."
"What on earth is the true faith of an armorer?"
asks Cousins, his prospective son-in-law, to which
IJudersliaft replies:
"To give arms to all men who offer an honest
price for thein, without respect of persons' or principles; to aristocrat and republican, to Nihilist and
Czar, to Capitalist and Socialist, to Protestant and
Catholic, to burglar and policeman, to black man,
while man and yellow man, to all sorts and conditions, all nationalities, all faiths, all follies, all
causes and all crimes. The first Undershaft wrote
up in his shop, "IF GOD GAVE THE HAND] LET
NOT MAN WITHHOLD TIIE SWORD." The
second wrote up. "ALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO
FIGHT; NONE THE RIGHT TO JUDGE." The
third wrote up, "TO MAN THE WEAPON; TO
1IFAVEN THE VICTORY." The fourth had no
literary turn; so he did not write up anything; but
he sold cannons to Napoleon under the nose of
George III. The fifth wrote up. "PEACE SHALL
NOT PREVAIL SAVE WITH A SWORD IN HER
HAND." The sixth, my master, was best of all.
He wrote up, "NOTHING IS EVER DONE IN
TUTS WORLD UNTIL MEN ARE PREPARED
TO KILL ONE ANOTHER TF IT IS NOT DONE."
After that, there was nothing left for the seventh
to say. So he simply wrote up, "UNASHAMED."
There was no provision in this creed for a possible slacking up of business, and therefore no injunction to go out and drum up'trade in the face
of a growing anti-militarism. The Undershaft
philosophy relied upon the natural inclination of
mankind to slay one another without any particular
urging from the armorers, and assumed-it to be
eternal i'n duration. It was merely a question of
ATins^nd-the^lan^^uo^partiCuIai^nianfbut-inan-in.
general,,- who it was 'assumed would always want
arms, and the armorer's whole duty was comprised
in supplying him without asking questions. It was*
assumed that there would be an eternal stream of
customers, and no necessity of going out to seek
them, or inveigle them into purchasing, by carefully inculcating the belief in their minds that their
fellows were ready to spring at their throats, and
il was therefore necessary to purchase an outfit so
as to he ready for them.
Tliis need, however, has been discovered by the
Krupps, and there is now room for a new clause to
he added to the "true faith of an armorer." The
final motto in the orginal— UNASllAMED—rdoes
not, wholly round out the creed,' There is yet something 'lacking—though no doubt the'Krupps are
unashamed—something stating the necessity of fomenting secret strife among mankind to induce
them to purchase weapons of destruction; some-
thing bearing the ndmission that the character of
the armorer, represented merely as a cynic, philosopher, is not wholly complete; that, in addition, he
must become nn active, lying, unscrupulous, scoundrelly, murderous, profit-socking capitalist.
Something to that effort Ayould complete the
creed. But it will never bo "publicly added to by
suoh a statement, Not, because the cannon kings
of*the world are in llie least n-shninud, but because
thoy are,afraid.
It is perhaps too much lo hope that the exposure
of these murderous criminnls by the German Socialists will have iim.eh immediate effect in putting
an end forever to (he diabolical trade which they
liave sought to" encourage, but tho very fact lhat
such boosting lias been found necessary is satis-
factory proof lhat the spirit of murder through
war is dying out, gradually. The exposure, nt least,
does something lo bring nearer llie day when the
Socialist workiiigiiien of, the world will cancel the
entire creed of the modern armorer, and in itH.plane
write up tho* final announcement upon Die walls of
Vi'ery Iimi "'bf1 the world's inurdor shops t "THIS
KSTAHMSHMKNT HAS JJ13BN PERMANENTLY
CLOSED."
By WILLIAM B. CLIFFORD
It is well sometimes to get "wised
up" on what the other fellow thinks
and will also serve to show the rude
awakening  these   individuals  are   receiving.. ."The next thing," says the
writer, " I suppose, will be that these
claimants for compensation for abnormal places and for minimum wage will
not desire to work at all (!) or as a
first step to that condition of 'Industrial Paradise,' may want to work only
six hours a day...What next?"..  So!
Why, indeed, should not the workers
enjoy "Industrial   Paradise?"      Since
W. E. Clifford asks, "What next?" we
will   inform   him.     "Everything  the
worker can possibly get!"   Six hours
or five hours a day.   As a matter of
fact some trade unions have succeeded in obtaining a six and one-half hour
day already.   We can only hope that
when a six-hour day Is an accomplished   fact—as  undoubtedly   it   will   be
with all workers—that this writer accept the inevitable, even though  he
lament  on   what  was  "thirty   years
ago."..   His  reminiscences about the
noble  lord's colliery, and  coal   being
sold at the pit-mouth for $5 (and producing no profit), while very amusing,
will surely cause a little envy among
operators in the Crow.  	
(At the Charleston1 meeting of the
West Virginia Coal Mining Institute
last June President Frank'Haas asked
the venerable and noted mining engineer and fan builder, Mr. Clifford, .to
tell the members of the Institute of
some of his experiences while engaged in mine engineering in England,
and especially to indicate his views as
to the universal strike that occurred
in March. 1912. Mr. Clifford complied
and he has since written his remarks
out ancl amplified them somewhat as
hereinafter published.—Ed.C. & CO.)
APPEAL TO REASON -SCORES
VICTORY IN RECENT CASE
Judge SuotalnD Demurrer Against Obscenity Chnrgo—Rullnlii Prevent*.
Another Prosecution
n.'ii'i   .ilSI/n,   Km;:.,   Ai,,;!}  '*.
Ffili-iul   .Jiirfko   Pollock   today   mum-
iftlrW   lh«>  »l<>mnrrnr  Interposed  by
counsel for Fred II, Warren, editor,
mnl Charles Lincoln Phlfor, associate
.        , i    ,. ,t
* unui,   in   itt*:   ii*,.,.'t'*i**   *''*   .v-*1,,,,*.»'.(>,.,   '.v*.'..
fighting Socialist weekly of Glrard,
Kans,, In the cast* In which they wero
cotli'ffiuhtniH, and the federal gov-
••rnns'-ni 'he plaintiff. 3. A. Wnyland,
who v sis formerly proprietor of the
\ppr-il to Ttciif-mn nml who died ft tow
month- to'.o, was ttlm out* ot tho iio*
ffi',il'"ii*i n,*tmf<»1 in thV» suit.
lai extent In'the Federal'Penitentiary.
tit Leavenworth, Koiih. The expoHO
which tlio Appear caused'to bn sont
broadcast over tlio nation painted out,
flint the Federal Penitentiary wnH n
veritable hell of sexual degeneracy.
4*     *f**4tl*,H:4ieiilJltXt     ti,,*s.il't,»to.4l„4l*,     9*r'.,
il.ielcd V Uie'TnininllU'c'en Wxpf-ndl-
hires of tliu House, followed the disclosures In tlio Appeal. Every charge
made by tlio pnpor wns confirmed, nnd
thn dismissal of ono of the warden*
...    (1 .-, ,. tl,. *t\„ ,.,.    *„Vnl,*t,l1
'.*'    *>*• -    W   " * ' *  .
Nevertheless, the enemies of the
Appeal saw In the circumstances nn
opportunity to harass, and perhaps
put out of liiisIrif-Ks, hy -causing Its
editors to lm Jailed, the fearless Socialist weekly. In F-edcral Prosecutor
Harry .). Hone, Hh fo*'9 ionnd nn instrument   through  which  to express
Duo to tho action of Judge Pollock
todiiy, -another cuso which wns to bo
culled'boforo him also on Mny G, and
In which "Warren, Eugene V. Dubs,
iuul ,1. 1. Sheppard, a lawyer of Fort
Scott and counsel to the Appeal, were
(Vffln^n-tn   «*ii*i**''1i»   iHtleli   thev   •u-nrn
ehtm'M "with hnvlTiK "obstructed Justice,"1 practically lose* It* basis, Thl*
case grow out of tho one which wan
closed today and will probably hu
thrown out of court when It Is called
nevf month.     '
This latter casp was heard beforo
Judge Pollock on November 11. 1912.
nnd by him dismissed. Smarting under his defeat, Done brought tho mat-
ter again beforo a Grand Jury and
secured another Indictment.   ',*
■Sh-hppitrrt has filed (.haw* <>? wli-
conduct,   conspiracy,   and  malicious
Personally, I know nothing about
the cause of the strike except what I
have reall in the newspapers aud the
"Colliery Guardian," received ..every
week, as to what was taking place;
but being familiar with the mines and
localities affected Uy the strike, and
having known many of the leaders on
both sides, I am fairly well able to
gauge the import of the news read
from time to time during the progress
of~the~strike '	
spicuously able in both departments
of the industry.
For some time before the strik-j an
agitation to make "allowance" fixtures, or to have them no loager do
termined by direct negotiation between the men;and officials of the pit,
but by a committee elected by the miners, had entered the acute stage, and
many mine owners in South Wales
suffered from curtailment of output
from the indifference to labor which
the incipient form this dispute engendered. \s'
The minimum wage question,"ostensibly the cause of the strike, is yet
in a complete embryonic state; but
its substantial meaning is that the
poor workman shall be leveled up to
the wage-receiving plane of the good
one. U is simply tho application of
the desired process of dealing with
"abnormal places" to abnormal men.
The next thing, I suppose, will be that
these claimants for compensation for
abnormal places ana for minimum
wage will not desire to work at all, or,
as a first step to that condition of
Industrial Paradise, may want to work
only six hours a day; what next?
When I returned to England from
this country at the end of 1873 I undertook the management of a colliery
where lots of money had been spent,
and of the output 200 tons per day
was b*?ing hauled to the railroad by
numerous carts, and the mine, which
was owned by a noble lord, did not
pay, though coal was selling at $5
per ton at the pit-mouth. The men
were getting good wages, but at every
Friday night's council of owner, agent
and officials a large delegation' of colliers invariably , appeared to prefer
every form of usual trumpery and utterly groundless grievance, which only
a Yorkshire collier of that day knew
so well how to formulate. Ono night
I happened to follow the deputation
out, through the servants' hall, and
found thoir friends, the butler and
one of the footmen, plying these colliers with tankards of old ale and
bread and cheese. I stopped the beer
the week after and the regularity of
the deputation visits ceased.
We would not tolerate for one moment the methods of pretence which
solemnly entered into the bulk of miners' grievances in England 30 years
asp._fisnecially the official ones.
some of which sKbwed how differently'insults were viewed when a former
giver'of them became himself the recipient'of them.
One collier leader, a member of Parliament at that, while going around in
motor car during an election had a
small stone which hurt nobody thrown
at him. The public howl and cry of
"outrage" he made would have led an
outsider to suppose that he had entire-'
ly forgotten a former case, less than
five miles away, where a Parliamentary candidate's carriage was smashed
to pieces as he was returning home
from an election, and the owner, th«e
chairman of a great company was compelled to walk several miles to his
residence, ifollowed by an aggressive
and jeering mob.
Another case: A radical ex-member of Parliament, the owner of a
North Wales colliery, a district where
the men had become slightly shaky in
their adhesion to tho strike, trusting
to the former prestige as the colliers'
Idol, went to try if he could not, by
his persuasive eloquence— of which
he was a perfect master—induce the
strikers to go to work, He was met
with howls of contemptuous derision
and volleys of uncomplimentary recommendations.
It may be interesting to say ihat
this gentleman was the original joint-
inventor of the magnetic lock for miners' safety lamps, was more than 50
years of age and is the father of a
sitting membe'r of Parliament" well
know in Pittsburgh.—Coal and Coke
Operator.
BABY GIRL BURNS IN
VIEW OF MOTHER
Child Dies With.Spectators Absolutely Helpless—Three Houses
Also  Destroyed
WINNIPEG, Man., April 29.—Before
the eyes of her own mother,1 the .12-
months-old baby girl of Mr. and Mrs.
Henry Sticke was burned to death yesterday morning in a fire which burned
for one hour on Grigg street west in
Weston, causing the'total destruction
of a V-roomed house, two cottages and
a 3-roomed shack.While men and women stood by unable to aid, flames
devoured the houses to the value of
$15,000 aiid licked around the motionless form of the baby girl, who lay
asleep in an upper room in the Sticke
home.   Account of the eye-witnesses
differ.   Douglas  Stokes,    a  plumber
working ih a house nearby, stated that
as the fire ate into the cottage the
body of the child could plainly be seen
through   the   crumbling  laths.      Njo
sounds were heard from the house, so
it is thought that the child, was suf-
focated in her sleep.   When the firemen had gained some control of the
flames a rush was made and the body
recovered.   It was then only a charred trunk, the head and limbs having
been burnt away.
The Sticke family are German-
speaking Gallclans, and came to Winnipeg about nine' months ago.
Th.'  «!.«■  of  thn  KotmniMt wm!thoir W.r<-d tot ito paper. n-rom-uiion BRaktiftt 1W»«« with AlUH-
1**4x1 oni the charge that the Appeal,   An Indictment charging tn« rtrrnln-j nny General Mclteynolds, nt Washing
to Ueami had tmmti to ho pabliilwd
In  tu columns and then circulated
•.hrw'iph the mail* obsceni* matter, Tide
tion  ihTWJsh  the  irw!ls ot *b«t-ne}»t>n.     W»r»*i» tadar w**Jr«l » talfr
matter followed.    Th<* ease wns to h*!sram from Sheppard, who lain Wash-
railed before Judge Polluek on Mayilnnton to tito effect that the Attorney
•ob*™* natter" rafomd to In Hi In-1B. but the intention of the demnrw <:*ner«i wru«*d to allow JJ» «^«J j ^^ f^f ^^ fWf „„„„„„„,,
'than they wrrr at netting coal; f»»!
*lt !
nn worth *•»••
This great strike of o million men
has been accompanied by a radical
and lawless disregard for the rights
of property; but happily, with the
single exception of certain portions of
South Wales, an-absence of violence
to the person on the part of the strikers. The painful feature, however,
was the widespread and acute sufferings^ of others than those employed
In mines, brought about by a stopper
of works for want of coal.
This strike was the culmination of
an aggressive policy that had Its inception ovor '10 years ago, and was tho
long threatened demonstration of tho
union's'power to show what an Important factor In the nation's Industrial
status It had become, I have known
worthy men lu tho ranks of miners'
lenders, men who have risen from
humble beginning!!, .perhaps Methodist lay preachers, with a cortaln ability to spenk which gave thorn Importance nmonj,' thoir fellows, Many of
thoso lenders have blossomed Into
magistrates, membors of County Councils, Guardliins of the Poor, members
of Parliament, and some Into Cabinet
MinlBtors, with the tltlo of "Right
Honorable;" while some have hitd conferred upon thein tho honorary degree of doctor of laws. Most of them
carry their honors with a dignity the
rank nml file rather look upon with
suspicion; but with all this It remains
a fact that tho imlonluiB never lifted
Its"flngor In tho direction of mifoty ex-
copt where It could ho done through
btrlkliiK financially at the operator.
No ono who known conl mining In
England can honostly controvert this
statement.
The onrly inuttorlngR of trouble
which leil up to the lato crisis came
from South WiiIob In tho form of n demand that Individual'direct negotiations botwoon the manager and the
miner of claims for extra payment for
"abnormal ■places" should, cease, It
wits also claimed to greatly expand
the scopo and definition of tho term.
In other parts of the country these
■rlnlniB were formerly known 'undor
tho term "allowances" .ind covered all
cases ot so unusual a eharacter that
thoy could not bo provided for by a
"scale" or any other method of pny-
stent contemplating Intermittently recurring conditions of fairly similar va-
rlntlnn from normal, as In the cases
of our "clay-veins" or "spars."
It was found lit tfonlit Wales that j
three-fifths of tho working places In
umm pits were claimed as "ataw-
mnl;" Unit from causes fov which tho
collier was not rcuponnlble thoy wero
below Uio average facility lor produc-
Inn coal by tho ton. In othor words,
In such places more labor was re-
Wired thnn that contomplatfl-d when
tho tonnage price waa fixed.
In my pit days such cases were common In tli-> MMIamtn. Tho rlofermtn.i-
Hon as to whether an allowance was
'uu mil il.c amount of It trtta nmwlly
will-ml hetweon the collier and the
m'n<» fen'm!m--*lir) was called an tin-
; ftftrvlewrr — without many word*.
Th**™ wort always in every pit a few
rrifn wl1© trt-rt' wiirh nswe <e*s»^rt <0
illctmrnt was a» ftXfmse of immoral ? e.lo*»* the incident anrt ma!k* snoth-r; to   cortrtk   dwivuttuute
conditions which an Intefttgntlon cor-j victory for tht Appeal to lUason over !W«n offered at evidence in the l^av-
ducted by ih* Appeal Uad proved to i Its enemies.
I.     .
some thew * tv. ;»!*«, who 'wcr* e.m
On one occasion we had a short but
noisy strike, and a certain single
young man was one of its noisiest
leaders. When he came with others
to set forth their grievance my bookkeeper called attention to the fact that
this man had received his wages,for
every day in the calendar during the
previous .eight months, 12 shillings
and 4 pence—about $3. In consequence of his having lost much time
attending dog races and the like his
actual earnings were much more for
every day he worked, When attention was called to these * facts this
man's rejoinder was too rude to appear In print. The last I saw of him
who said that he was going to America, the recommendation was that ho
should by no menus change his mind.
Returning to the question of "allowances" In abnormal places, lnnearly
every case where it appeared groundless, and boenmo ncutb from want of
redress, It was a question of man, and
not of placo; ; I remomber one particular'instance: The colliery I, was working hnd a aenm 2 tare 11 inches thick,
nnd the method of working was long-
wall. One man always hnd a'grievance thnt ho could not got a living
wnge ond stated that lie had for weeks
only earned 0*1 conts per day. Ho was
really a very poor workman. ,
Another man In tho Bamo rango of
stalls—roonjB-—regularly earned $5 por
dny, nnd was rather given to boasting
about It. The fil-cont man acciisdd
tho pit boss, of giving the $5 mnn a
"soft placo," bo ns hn complained very
loudly and persistently, and always
did It at pay time, being an old soldlor,
It appoarod ho wns deserving of somo
consideration; but to show how
groundless IiIh charge of partiality
wns an oxehnngo of i-lncos was mado
between him and the $5 man. The
latter would not stirt work until ho
was ^promised consideration for cleaning up the Ol-Oynt. nmii's place. In
two months the |5 man was getting ffi
tier day In Uio flt-cont place, mul the
(11-cont iiinn.was getting 01 cents, or
thereabouts in tho ?5< place.
In the pictures and description of
tho miners' bearing during the late
strike could bo seen and rend the bul-
lying nnd unscrupulous bohnvlor of
tho tir-tint muss of the stUkors, such
as ewlunvorliig to vuhIi the pay gates
at, a football match; driving away
weaK women ami children irom <m
K.'t'iwiWi*   ui'  CUiil   llivj-   liiiil   1'uiiiiil,   &ii*l
from which limy ivoro endeavoring to
teratch a few bucket* full to keep
them warm during the prevailing frost
nnd Htio[H',   In one enso aliown plrtorl-
tit'l))    i'.vU    n.^t *J.*M*v^'.ti   ifc-i.A* VC.^*t»^    'hV.1^*****!
and got and sotd lfiO tons ot coal that
did not belong to thorn, nnd tho original poor exploiters—the women nnd
children-- lind to purchase from them
nt famine prices by the bucki-t full,
in oth«r cusps thoy would stand at the
road end leading to a country pit itmt
U'W n hhekmall of 25:cents |n-r cnri
••ii nil Unit tiitiin Jiwny from tint Tiilne,
ind If their demands were disregarded
ihey ot'crttimi-d Uio mnn, with ihXu
'■mwettta Into the road. For, this Ut-
'or iraasaellon mm<* w«e usmmonwl
before juitleos and let oft In payment
of a small fine—under -a dollar.
Then mssln there were rornic phtrnen
I Our Letter Box X
:\x t
'    April 30, 1913.
To the Editor,
The District Ledger.
Dear Sir:
Wil you kindly allow nie to insert
my views, re the agitation that is going ou with some of the members of
the U..M.W. of A. and the officials
of the same? As a member I have
taken a great interest in this question
and I fail to^see what good can he
derived by quibbling over this matter.
I entirely agree with the officials ln
their stand as I believe they have done
it. with the knowledge that it was for
the best. I maintain that Jones has
every right to express ins own political views ..without appealing to a certain party' for the right of the same.
I ta'ke it that when this man, along
-\vith~tfre-rest-of'th'B'-candidates-for"
office was elected it was to serve the'
best interests of the miners and as
long as they discharge their duty faithfully we have no reason to complain.
I know it has been said he cannot do
this. How do you know? Judgment
is passed before wrong is committed.
Can you prove that every moment and
every action* of the Socialist member
is spent for the best intorests of tho
many, and not for himself? It seems
to mo in Fernie that there is a great
struggle for>position'nnd''nothing too
hard and great can bo said against
those who are guarding the affairs 'of
the U.M.W. of A. I suppose that if
these men wero recalled nnd another
election took place we should have a
gront mnny aspiring candidates from
Fertile Local. I dctost In every sense
those who havo reached Plsgah's
heights ln scIontlfU -Socialism, but
who have very llttlo knowledge how
to control tliolr own lives, let alone
tho. destinies of othors, I notico In
tho lottor from W. B, Phillips,-that he
is advising the throe hundred mom-
bors of the Gladstone Local who intend to withdraw their nainos or
conso to pay their contributions, because they cannot boss the show or
run It on the linos they have mapped
out to cnll a mooting. I wotlder If ho
thinks tho U.M.W. or Ai will dlo ,i
natural death because ho and the,
noblo two hundred ami nlnoty-nlne
loavo. I don't think thoro Is much
chnnco of thoir leaving;'in fact, I do
not think somo would bq klckod out.
There uru loo many dullara at stnko,
and there aro qulto a few''who have
thoir eyes on thorn, I would suggest
to Philips, boforo culling the mooting
to consldor his wnys and ho wise, for
as the noble ' three' hundred leave
thero will ho others to take tliolr places. Men who hnvo fought for tho
principles of trade unloiism nnd who
am going to hold on to them In spllo
of their belflsIiiinsH and their desire
to break up, 1 would like to sny that
there am men who contribute to tho
U.M.W. of A. who hnvo their own political thought and who are not going
to bo forced Into nny other lino of
action without deciding for themselves, and tliolr views ought to bo respected by all. Hut tills Is not so and
until wo can linrmtmlzo ln our efforts
can we evct* hopo (of success. Hut
I think we can all nirroe with Edmund Ilurke, when addressing his constituency at Bristol, Kng. In speaking, he said, "Applaud us when we
run, console us when we fall, cheer
us when we recover, but for God'a
\ sake let us go on."
1 roniuln yours,
J08BPII SUTTON.
The stork is the bird with a great big
bill,    *>
He sends us the baby whenever he
will;
Then comes the doctor and when he
is through,
We find that he has a great bill too.
MRS. A. BAKER
Trained Midwife and Maternity Nurse1,
McPherson Ave., nr. G.N. Depot
Ads. Classified-Gent a Word
All kinds of Household Furniture
bought in large or small quantities,
also gents' cast-off clothing. Secondhand Store, Victoria Avenue North,
FURNITURE FOR SALE—Apply
Mrs. W. Hunnable, next Methodist
Parsonage.
FOR SALE—150 Aylesbury Ducks,
week old; $4 per dozen. Mrs. A.
Daviesr"Fernie~A"nnex: '37=1-
EGGS FOR HATCHING from imported Sicilian Buttercups; great layers of the day; few sittings at $4.00
per 15; after May 15th halt price.
Fred Pclletler, Fernie, B. C, Box„1022.
FOR SALE—A limited number of
British-made Bicycles direct from factory, Coventry, England; frame weld-
less steel tube, wheels nlckelplated
rims, rustless spokes, Eadle coaster
brakes, Dunlop non-slip tires; a first-
claB mount in every way; terms." Apply, W. Barton, Singer , Sowing Machine Agent, City. 37-3tp
FOR SALE CHEAP—Two lots in
Athbasca Landing. Apply Box 25,
Ooal Creek. 33tfn
»*     ■ -   l—— .— .l— II—   — .!» -■  ■ -       ■ |,
SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Someone will want thoso lots In Cedar Valley.   Bettor see Evans about them.
TO RENT—Houso of v three rooms,
kitchen, two verandahs.'Rental $10.
Apply Jos. Leonard Allen, Rlversldo
ave., West Fernie. 30-3
LOST—A Sorrel-colored pony, wt.
about S00 lbs., white face and ono hind
foot, $20 roward. Branded on left
shoulder ^ Fred HutchlnBon, Mich-
ol, B. C. .        32S
THOR OUGII BRED BERKSHIRE
PIGS' FOR SALE—Farrowed first
woek In Mnrch. Price $10.00 oach. T.
V. P, pedigree furnished. Ship April
20th. Harry Anderson, Blrchbank, n.
C. 32-0tnp
FOR SALE—Almost now Incubator,
holds 120 eggs. Also brooder. R,
Jonng, West Fernie. 3f>3p
MINERS WANTED-Also lnborors.
Apply WoBtorn Coal and Coko co.,
Beaver Minos, via Pincher Crook, Alta.
EGG8 FOR HATCHING—8. O. W.
Leghorns, 'descendants of first prlzo
winners nt tho world's greatest shows,
suoh as Madison Square Garden, Now
York, World's Fair, St. Louis, Boston, .Chicago, and others. Eggs, IB
for $2.00, P. Finch, Box 4-1, Coal
Crook, ao-.1
EGOS FOR HATCHING — From
standard  bred stock.   White  Wyan*
uoticb ami While iiocki. $£.>i<i pur
setting White Orpingtons aad Barred nock*,'t*J.W.. per tcttlng.     Toa-
Wmjho Gooeo Eggs, SO conts each, 85
per cent, .fortuity guaranteed. Aylos-
tmry I'm eta toBfts. i'i,Mt pm «>kVi«»^.
Sirs Davies, Fornlo Annex. 36-2
Cemetery Notice
lVisdiis vkhiwr tlifir lois in ■Pemr-tery kept in
({Odd con.liiioii for tlw Hainan, id « wasouttWili
rliar<N\ fan mnko njrtintituwniH with Oie wider-
signed.
THOMSON & MORRISON
Funernl hirer-tors ms
•/,)
rHE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, MAY 3, 1913.
0
PAGE FIVB!;
News  of
Dis trie
I
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♦ ♦
TRANK NOTES
I:
;*
vt**.
.
|:
Is;
K>.
I
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mr. J. C. Boudreau, now of Macleod
but late of the Frank Coal company's
office, has been in town for several
days calling on his friends here and
in Blairmore. o /
;Bob Campbell, the member elected
for this constituency passed through
town on Monday night.      ,
Jean Schnurr, who has been managing the Co-operative store here since
it was opened, last Fall,'has accepted
a position in Moose Jaw. We understand that Mr. Hanley of Thomson's
store in Blairmore is to be his successor.
Mr. John Anderson met with an accident last week while wokring in the
Frank mine, by which the calf of his
leg was badly bruised. He is able to
get around a little again with the help
of a stick.,
MARRIED.—On Saturday evening,
April-26, at the Methodist parsonage,
Frank Andrew Benz of Frank to The-
rlsia Schubert of Bohemia, Austria.
Walter Korolia met with a painful
accident in the Blairmore mine last
Wednesday, April 23, when an explosion of gaB occurred. The worst of
the wounds were about the eyes and
head, and. for a time it was thought
both eyes were entirely blown out. On
the following morning Dr. McKay took
him to Calgary to an eyo specialist.
One eye had. to be removed but the
other still has sight in it. His arm
also was broken.
The social held in the church last
week was largely attended, almost
everybody in town being present and
enjoying themselves immensely. The
■proceeds, which were over $50, were
for church purposes. The .programme
was largely given by Miss Williams!
of Blairmore, Mrs. Smith, Messrs Tom
and Sam Paton, of Hillcrest, while the
young people of Frank distinguished
themselves along the lines of panto-
mine and dialogue.
Mrs. A. T. Blals has sufficiently recovered from her illness to be able
to go home from the hospital.
Mrs. Wilcox has been seriously ill
for a few weeks but is recovering.
 Mr, J2almer_moypd-a_house-to-Blair--.
more last Friday and Saturday for F.
Demousty.
A. Goyette has been busy pulling
down his building this last week, ns
the material used in construction waa
stone, and it"could not be moved intact.
Calgary newspapers have informed
us that Mark Drumm, the owner of
Blossomwood ranch, is in the hospital, undergoing an operation for appendicitis.
Vencil Vohradsky moved his family
to Hillcrest this past woek.
Rov. J. M. Harrison, of Claresholm,
who is going \o open tho Methodist
church at Hlllcrest next Sunday, will
speak to the Sunday school In Frank
church at 2'o'clock In the afternon.
Rev. Father Summat, who has beon
priest of the Catholic church hero and
In Blairmore for the past year or so,
loft on Tuesday for the States, whero
he is to reside In future.
Tho 41 Meat Market has again
changed Its manager. Mr. Juvonal
hns loft and his placo is'taken by Mr.
Howes, who halls from Scotland,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦**♦♦<**»♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ COAL CREEK ♦
of this:    A committee will be around
in a few days, soliciting.,
v There has been one or two exciting
events on tbe M.F. & M. last weekend. ""George evidently thought he
was entitled to a free ride but "Paul"
was one' too many for him. George
looked surprised when the train stopped and he was asked to alight. Much
better to buy a ticket, George, than
walk, the ties are pretty hard uphill.
Fighting must have been'in the air
to make two' of our prominents indulge in a bout of fisticuffs while coming up in the train. The fight promoters of Fernie missed the chance
of their life by not asking the com-
battants to the skating rink. Evidently some people think they are as good
as their namesakes in the roped arena.
The pound social held in the Presbyterian church proved a great success. The following contributed to-
warsd the -programme: Mr. Joyce,
.Margaret Shanks, Mrs. Watson,' Mrs.
Appleby, David Shanks, Mrs. Percy,
Tom Davidson, R. Bllsborough, James
Davidson. After the programme the
parcels were sold to the highest bidders. R. Billsborough was the auctioneer and some good .prices were
realized, but owing to the lateness of
the hour all the parcels could not be
sold. The committee thank all who
helped in any way. Mr. C. Percy supplied the  music.
Owing to a serious breakdown to the
compressor plant the mines and tipple
have only, been working at half
strength. The repairs are expected
to be completed in a few more days.
Mrs. Lizzie Fearson entertained a
few of her friends at a birthday party
on the 25th. Every one evidently en-
jowed themselves, as their smiling
faces showed.
Coleman is scheduled to play Coal
Creek at Coal Creek on May 3d, but
have notified the Coal Creek secretary of their inability to come on that
date. Consequently*,no match at Coal
Creek to. open the season with. Too
bad, boys!
♦ ♦
♦ MICHEL   NOTES ♦
♦ ♦♦♦
Anyone desirous of joining tho Loy
al Order of tho Mooso can do so by
applying to Robt. Billsborough, Coal
Crook, and filling tho nocossary qualifications,'
Frank Owon, the knight of tho cleaver, for Pat Burns nt Corbin was In
camp on Thursday shakliiB hnndB with
somo of his old associates,
Tho Conl Crook football club commlttoo doslro to lluink nil who have
contributed towards their support.
Receipts will bo forwarded for money
donated.
At the Provincial Police Court on
Monday, April "28. 1013, .John Ollllo
was found Biillty of stoflllng cars at
No. 1 North, Coal Crook, Owltit? to
the Jails bolng full he was allowed to
pay n fine of $15 and costs,
Tho football club committee nro arranging a basket social for May 23,
Will ull the ladles kindly iimko a note
SALE OF
'   it |    n Mi f a
MHseooV $10,000 Stock iH
Stewart's lunula to soil without
.'" r/SlX   i.*J   .uKrti'  W.Vkp   k**J.Vi  \i"i   -jlikl"
fit.
Don't fail to bo hero at 9 a.m.
Saturday mowing, Mny 3, and
Rot, your share of tlio bargains.
Mlnnliing price*! to prices nnd
tnnrkin-tf fronds ns they hnvo novor
lieen winked before in preparation For this biff wile.
, Slore closed Thursday nud Friday to arrange and mark down
prices,
|Hk     |*g*^,       ^    ________     _________    ^k   tt _____
BR I SCO's
Blalrmoro Alta.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Michel football club held their
basket social on Thursday night, the
24th:—It-proved~a~great-success~and"
helped them out considerably in their
finances. The sale of baskets, which
was conducted.by Mr, James Stewart,
realized the amount of $58.50, the
highest prico paid being $6.25. The
donor of the basket was Mrs. M. Little,
who gained the prize of $5.00. Tlie
concert, which preceded the sale of
baskets, was given by the following
artists: Song, W. A. Bastian; Song,
Mrs. Fred Gullet; recitation, W. Currie; song, Mr. Bob Stewart; duet, A.
Bastian and D. Grundy; song, Mr.
James Stewart; song, Mr. Fred Gullet; song, Mr. Wm. Sankoy; pianoforte
duet, Messrs Bastian and Almond. Mr.
B. Caulfield gave ovry satisfaction as
chairman. A dance followed and a
very pleasant evening was enjoyed by
all present.
The mechanical staff of the coal
company have been very actively engaged during the last fow days taking
apart tho "Walker" compressor to re-
placo tho ono at Coal Crook, which
broko down, and caused considerable
damage, besldos laying the mines Idle
up there. Mr. Percy Waugh, tho master mochanlc, oxpects to havo tho
ports needed ready for shipping away
In a very short timo,
The now liorBos apparently ai rived
just In timo for tho coal company,
Booing that two of their number''.mot
with fatal accidents during the pnst
wook, both in No, 3 mino.
, According lo tho fixture list published In lust week's issue, the local
club nro nt "homo to ono of tho now
clubs of the League, Hlllcrest. While
tho boys do not wish to dlshoarton
them thoy do expect to gather In two
points and thereby got a good solid-
off for this season's battles, which
promise to bo moro exciting than ever.
So, iplny up, Michel, and glvo a good
account of yourselves as In tho past,
oven If you do not possess tho same
tnlont,
Mr., Tom Griffiths, the* I.Cfl. representative, was hah on buslnoss hist
Soturday,,, taking ovor tho duties of
Mr. Tom Martin, the mannRoi', who
hns gono further enst.
Tho Angler's Association hold a
meotlpB in the hall ot tho Vonlzla
hotol Sunday ovonlng, to make nil necessary arrangements for tho comliig
sciiBon, For full particulars apply to
Tom Yates, secretary,
T'lumnhrev Wvnnw nrrlvivl Wlr in
camp* on * Sunday night's passettKor,
from Vnncouvor Island, whoro ho had
been employed at the Protection mino
at Naiiuhiit), Glad to see you back,
"Hump," Just to help out the boys on
the football team.
There was a vory successful concert held in the Methodist church here
on Monday evening. Tho programme,
which was given by tbo school child
veil and Instructed by Miss Johnsot).
was vory good Indeed, and nppreclat
cd by nil thane v;ho \v.\iil tot iulniUilon,
A mooting of the Rifle club Is called
for -fiiiuday, May 4, la Ut« Oju*m Ituitsu,
All the crack marksmen are requested
to attend, also the would-be crack
ttltoin,
Tho members of the Mlchol brass
band are lu full practice once ajjaln,
uudcr.ttw Icadewtity of Ua. Ccohju*
Redi'lngtoo. Tou sure need patience,
Oeorjb
BELLEVUE NOTES
George Noble, who left here some
time ago, returned to camp and has
started to work at No. 1 mine.
• Mr. R. W. Wilson, of Monarch, has
come to camp and has opened a bakery and boarding house in the place
known as the McCheuchan block. Mr.
Wilson is an old-timer in the camp,
having worked here some 7 years ago.
Ho is,now ready for business in the
bread and pastry lines. He will also
start a restaurant in connection with
the bakery.
Mr. Fred Lund, who has been in
camp for some years past, left camp
this, week on a visit to his parents in
Sweden. He Intends returning again
this fall. His many friends wish him
a pleasant trip.
The Bellevue band went to Fernie
on Sunday last to.' be' present at the
funeral of the two men who were killed at Coal Creek last week.
The many friends of Mesdames Ash
and McDicken wish to extend their
heartfelt sympathy to them in their
sad bereavement.
Mr. Errlck Crag, who has been in
camp for some time, left this week
for his home in Sweden, on a visit to
his parents. He Intends returning
in a few months. Pleasant time, Errlck. ■
Fred Parker, the center-forward of
the Sons of England football team returned to camp on, Saturday,and intends staying for a time. Better sign
up, Fred.
Mrs. Enoch Williams is spending a
few days in Coleman with Mr? Williams' parents.
The Reverends Young and Fagan, of
Frank and Hillcrest, were in camp
cthls* week* on business. '
The football game on Saturday night
was a good one and ended 1—0, in
favor of the scrub team. It was played "on' the new field.
■ The election returns were received
in camp yesterday. Campbell, Conservative, won over Charlie O'Brien,
Socialist, by 81 votes.'^ '
iMr. Ernest Deaumont is now in
camp bartering at the pool room. ' He
came—here—from—the—National—Hair-
Dressing Parlors in Calgary where he
has worked for ,some time.
Mr. Ford, of Coleman, was in camp
visiting Mr. Geo. Bateman.
Jim Burke is a Lethbridge visitor
this week.
The Ramblers club held a paper-
chase on Thursday evening. Arthur
Varby and Andrew Jackson as the
hares laid the trail through the woods
surrounding Maple Leaf and Passburg
and were overtaken by Joseph Christie and Willie Godwin, who won the
prlzeB offered, and will act as hares
In the next chase, which will take
place as soon as the weather will permit.
J. Keir Hardie
Writes the Ledger
Explains Situation of I. L. P.
Great Britain
tn
HOSMER NOTES
While we do not care at tbe moment to make any comment on what
has appeared in the Ledger with reference to the subject of Mr. Keir
Hardie's letter, we feel sure that the
majority of our readers will appreciate the lively interest taken by the
veteran labor leader in the affairs of
this District. Many of our readers
who were identified with the I. L. P.
in the old'country may, however, have
opinions to express and it is up to
them to come forward. We will,
however commit ourselves thus far
and say that it is our opinion (and
this is backed by the many measures
introduced by the Labor members and
carried by the Asquith Government)
that the I. L. P. has been a distinctly
aggressive and progressive body, and
accomplished a great deal In the
direct interests of labor, and having
regard to the very wide experience
and many years he has labored In
the interests of the workers, we know
of no one from whom we would more
readily accept counsel or criticism
than J. Keir Hardie.—Ed.
10 Neville's Court,
London, B.C.
April 16th, 1913.
The Editor', District Ledger,
Fernie, B.C., Canada.
Comrade: .
I have just seen your issue of March
29th in which you discuss in the leading article the unwisdom of Labour
allying itself directly or indirectly
with either of the capitalist parties,
and I whole-heartedly endorse all you
say. There is, however, one sentence
in_the_ar-ticle_tQ-which-I4ake-ver-y-se-
rious exception, and which must have
been written under a misapprehension
You say "No more conclusive evidence
of the shallowness of the pretensions
that the Labour candidate is only the
tag end of a Liberal kite is needed
than what has happened in the House
of Parliament at Westminster." I am
afraid that your information on this
point must come from some very biased source. So far as I can understand its meaning it is that the Labour
Party In the House of Commons is a
tail of the Liberal kite. There Is one
fact which I should think would en-
terlly knock that contention on the
head.   During the past twelve months
there have been five bye-elections in
industrial centres, and in every one of
these the Labour Party has had'its
own candidate fighting' against the
Liberal and Conservative nominees.
Every seat we now hold was won originally after a three cornered contest,
and as a matter of fact two of our
members are .at this moment being
disciplined for having identified themselves with a Liberal Party organization. Twenty years ago the I.L.P.
(the Socialist wing of the Labour Party) killed Lib-Labism. We fought it
out of existence, and the Labour party
now is as distinctly independent of
Liberals'or Tories as is the Socialist-
Democratic Party of Germany,'or any
of the Continental Socialist Parties.
As a matter of fact we are more so,
since the Second Ballot which operates in these countries leads to bargains and alliances between Socialists
and other candidates, which we would
not tolerate nor permit here in Great
Britain. .The Labour Party is an open
alliance between the Socialist Organi-1
stations and the Trades Unions, the
basis upon 'which it is formed being
its poltical independence ,of both'tha
orthodox capitalist, parties. It has
worked exceedingly well in bringing
the working-class closer together for
political purposes. It has 39 members
in the*House of Commons, and between 3,000 and '1,000 on the Local
Administrative Councils up and down
the country. It finances itself from
the levies of the working-class, and is
thus , a genuine working-class movement.
Bearing these facts in mind I think
I am entitled to ask what your intention was in seeming to make it ap-
pear_that_the***-British-Labour—Party— is-
on a line with those candidates who
are being run under Liberal auspices
on your side. There is nothing personal in this, only feeling as I do, as
I ara sure you do, the need for a complete understanding between the work
ing class movement of the Dominion
and of this country, I am desirous ihat
tirere. should be no misunderstanding
between the two movements.
I read thc Ledger with great interest, and find it to.be a brightly conducted and thoroughly up-to-date or-
gan'Of the working-class.
All godd wishes, I am,
,   Yours faithfully.
J. KEIR HARDIE.
Lamont, and Mrs. Davison.
Dancing was kept up till the wee
sma.' hours. Refreshments were served during the evening. Messrs Percy
and Hewitt dispensed the music. Ed.
Coughlan was floor master.
ARREST CIVIC EMPLOYE
Calgary Waterworks Foreman Charged With Stealing Cement
CALGARY, April 29—Steve Hollis,
foreman in the city waterworks department, was arrested by Detectives'
Schoeppe and Turner, on Saturday, on
the charge of stealing four bags of cement and some lumber belonging to
the city. The articles were taken on
Hollis' premises on Saturday. Hollis
said he had brought them from the
smallpox hospital, where he had been
overseeing some work, in order that
they might be in a safe place. He
disclaimed any intention' of keeping
them for his own use. He was taken
into custody, however, and came before Magistrate Sanders on tha charge
of theft.   He was remanded. '
The street car men of Buffalo, New
York, have won their strike, regardless of the fact that the state militia
was called out to awe and intimidate
with weapons of violence and murder.
The street car men were backed by
organized labor of Buffalo to such an
extent that every industry of that city
would have been paralyzed were it
not for the capitulation" of the, com-"'
i pany.
A. I. BLAIS
Grocer
We carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*: Frank, Alta.
■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■MMHaMnMBMi
Don't forget to try Eastern's
When yon want
ICE CREAM, ICE CREAM SODAS & SUNDAES
PORK AND BEAN SUPPERS
FISH AND CHIP POTATOES'SUPPERS
Coleman Bakery
_ Alex. Easton, Prop. ,__	
J
"The Store the People Own"
COLEMAN
Quito a fow Ilosmorltos are receiving notice of objection to their names
being placod on tho voters list. Evidently thoy aro not figured to bo Conservatives,
A prominent New York citizen was
supposed to havo boon proffered tho
offlco of justico of peace for Hosmer,
but lie (locllnod owing to tho low remuneration offered, Cabbages aro
green but wo don't think the Hosmor
renders of tho Ledgor nro that bad,
M. T. Newton, of tho local offlco
staff, who linn boon promoted to tho
position of accountant at Bankhead,
loft for that iplaco Sunday night, Hosmor loses a niod.ol citizen by his departure.
Thu usual monthly pay day dunce
took placo' nt tho Quooiio, Monday,
nnd as usual was well attended nnd
onjoyodi   . , ■„■",•"
Somoono having died or quit tho
C. V, It, sorvlco, some of our local
clerical wngo ulnvos are climbing the
promotion lndilor, and no doubt, are
-appreciating the extra shekels and
prestige.
Alius Hull and Miss.Malo wore Fornlo visitors Tuesday,
W. Mnrtlti of the legal firm of
Ilorcliitier nnd Martin, Fornlo, wns In
floHinor on luminous Tuesday, trying
to got. some law-breaking TIusbIiuih
out of a Jackpot.     v
Tho two men, John ihi ssltyn nnd
MIko Jlluck, who wero captured nt
Port Arthur nnd brought back to Hon-
mcr, wero charged at Ferule with oh-
tnlnlntr (rnnrta undor ftier*. «wtfm>r»
from'somo local morchnnlH. Tho crmi*
wns dismissed on a technicality, nl-
tlio' the Judge expressed his opinion
that they wore guilty.
Wo notico tlint nltho' some of our
English spenkinK frlcnda hnwn't much
use for "Air, Jloluink" they seem to
got quite chummy when Christmas
tnd Knster nnd tlio beer consequent
hereon gets around. "Door, liocr,
tlorlotts beer."
Tho team to represent Haunter
..sulft-at Fernie in thn oponltig league
?nme of tlio season will ho chosrin
ii'om tho following pluycrx: Uutoon,
Wardrop, .McQueen, Ualn, Jlnlderstone,
•lice, White] l-lnton, Harla»», Bate-
nan, nankin, Anderson. Thornton and
Kerr. Onme will cbmnionco at 0.15.
ilwrp. Come nnd boost for the locals.
CuUtiUlon oo '\m Kfoniuli munimrii o(
ll.A.C free.
The pnnenk-* social of the Presby
terian church proved to be a success,
altho' they would like to see a few
moro of I-Iosmor's sterner sex turn
out on futuro occasions.
Tom Palectk, an old-timer of Hosmer, Is making preparations to ml-
grnte to Wisconsin whero ho will graduate as a san of the soil.
A few of our more sporty guys aro
taking a chance in .lohn Bull's Dorby
sweepstakes, fiuess you'll be good for
n drink if you happen to win that
$20,000.
Paddy, the mnn thnt hots all his
money on his football fancies, got
stung by ono of our locnl greonhorns,
Guess * mum's the word, Eh, Paddy?
The Russian olonient woro celebrating Easter Itt gront old' stylo Inst wook
end, vodka being consumed In Inrgo
quantities, much to the Joy of McCox
nnd the brewers.
Wo, Iuul qultu a disappointment on
learning that the demonstration and
sports at. Lotlibiidge had beon called
off. Thoy should bring It to Hosmor
wo got good weather horo —»otno-
times.
The ludloB of tho Catholic church
aro'arranging to glvo a basket social
and dnnco on Monday, May ift; The
Fertile orchestra luiH'bmm otigngeil
for tho occasion. Considering tho
number of bowltclilng young maidens
who will have biislteta there It hhould
prove nn attractive affair. Young
men, Jot tho dato down iu your nolo
books and hung on to the nocesmiry
ensh.
Tom NiuiHon, flro boss on A lovol,
hUB resigned his Job and accepted a
hiuiii.u punnioa ui j'.i.inu.uK.
."■Jim U'ittu'rop wan uppoiniud cupiain
of tho HoBiuer football club, It being
felt thnt there's nothing like having
an old hand ot tlio bond, Hero's hoping you lend  us from  victory unto
viuijfy, .hiiiiii).
li. „     i
Anyone who has received notico ot
objection to his name appearing on tho
voters list will have same attended to
by referring It to W. Balderstone,   It
doesn't roM nnythlng end will insure
your nam'."' wt'Jii't ou thrt U.>*:.
Quito a lot of Joy Is oxpr-Msod by
tliu local t-iuiii'liulilerH ol thn Anclo-
Canndlnii Trust Company that the
sllck-flngeml emu who were running
the outfit are uow on tho Inside looking out.
A young mud slide occurred at the
mouth nt the tunnel HuMay attrt kept
Wllllo Whites shovel-engineers hump-
Ingr for awhile.
SPORTS   AT   COAL  CREEK
The annual children's sports took
place at Conl Crook on May 1st. Tho
weather was rather unsettled in the
morning but got nico in tho afternoon,
Willlnm Branch was tlio official starter and performed his dutlos In a masterly fashion. Thoro woro ,'12 events
nnd the successful contestants wero
ns follows:
J. Nowborry. .T. nibson, T. Davidson; C. Mlchell, J. Mlllbiirn, J. Worth-
lngton, T. Joyce, It. Martin, II, Noo,
Norah Sharpies, W, Liimont, E, Hesketh, II. Young, E, Joyce, L. Hall,
Mrs, Atherton, Mrs, Oliver, T. Branch,
Ike Cartmoll, J. Kay, It, Johnstone,
and P. Finch.
In tho football mutch botwoon the
English and Scotch n do resulted, ono
each,
In tho evening n frco dunce was
given ln the club hall, u wiili/.lilg competition taking placo, tho wlnnors being as follows:   Dave Atherton, Airs,
New Store of Men's
Wear Will Be Open
Saturday.
Everything that's in
It Is New.
Keep the Money in Coleman
THE
WESTERN
CANADIAN
Co-operative
COLEMAN
TRADING
CO., LTD.
Stylish Young Fellows
Thn iiiusWl'iil KlyliiH ol' IMilHU'lin .Mm!e to Measure Clutlics appeal to tin; "Stylish Ymiiik Fellow"
■iim no other kinds can, There k a style without
"frcakincKs" I'll, ami ijualily Unit marls the wearer
as a well diVKseil youitf* man, And limy enst. mi
more Ihan tlm commoner sort,'
GET THP. HOBBRRT.TN IDEA
OP STYLISH CLOTHES
Our Siioa Opilwl is Coiiipbla
Mtto Shoes from $3,00 to $0,00
Mine Shoes from $2.75 to $0.00
Our re-j.'iilnr fine nIioi.-.s ami I.eckie mine shoes
are second fo nmie Quality mul Mfvle nbwlufely
Kimranteed. I
. F. M, THOMPSON CO.
Blalrmoro, Alta.
Solo Agency Thc House of Hobbcrlin, Limited PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MAY 3, 1913.
More About That
Glorious Colorado
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
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When you want spruce we do not
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lot of culls. Those who buy once from
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have not yet made our acquaintance
aro taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
here.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
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OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O.' Box 22,
Phone 23.
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erance
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JULIAN CAROFF
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JOHN P0DBIELANC1K, Prop,
By ADOLPH GERMER
"What the mining industry needs
today Is a better class of men and
more of them. There is a time coming in the southern coal mining section when we will be short of miners
and will have no way to supply them.
For that reason we should be training
them up today."
These are the significant words of
E. H. Weitzel, the general manager
of the Colorado' Fuel and Iron company, according to the local' papers,
delivered before the Rocky Mountain
Coal Mining Institute a short time
ago. He added, "The time has come
when the business of coal mining is
demanding more and more a sober
class of men."
These statements, coming from a
high official, of the Colorado Fuel and
Iron company, havo some weight and
bear out the claim expressed in former letters, that great numbers of the
"better class" of miners have been
driven from the coal fields of the.
Slate. The "better c!ass" of men
have some pride and self-esteem and
will not bow in humble submission to
the iron rule of the coal magnates.
Those of the "better class" of men
who are still here live in absolute seclusion until the time comes to strike
the blow that will give them a chance
to rise and expand ito a greater manhood.
How can Mr. Weitzel expect a "better class" of men when the coal interests rob them of every vestige of their
inherent rights? A "better class" of
men demand the right to exercise
their legal prerogatives and will not
submit to the despotism so manifest
in the Southern Colorado coal fields.
When every liberty granted them by
law is denied by the hired Hessians of
corporate wealth, and when men who
breathe the breath of unionism are
hunted down like beasts of prey, the
"better class" of men seek other quarters where they are treated with some
degree of respect.
Colorado can be made the grandest
mining State in the Union, and would-
be were it not that men have been
forced to breathe corporation air and
wear a corporation smile. The natural conditions in the mines are vastly superior to those of many of the
other mining States, yet there is a
greater proportionate number of min
"er-r~kiiiea~'th"an—nr~or"ganTze"dT8tates'
where the natural dangers are far
greater. The climate in this Stato
is more desirable than in most of the
inining States, and did human conditions prevail in the mines and mining camps, Colorado would have more
than her share of miners.
"Boost for Colorado" is the slogan
that has been adopted by tho commercial interests of the State, but all the
"boosting" will be of no avail so long
as heartless hyenas gnaw at the vitals
of tho working class. In the organized fields there Is no cry for a "bettor class" of men and more of them.
Coal companies out here have
claimed that their men are satisfied
with their conditions and that thero
Is no demand for organization, * The
coal companies that make such a
claim are either totally Ignorant of
the feeling thnt prevails among their
men or thoy have no regard for tho
truth. If thoy will wlthdrawthelr professional BlugRors, spies and spotters,
Colorado, Utah and Now Mexico will
ho organized beforo tho winter rills
around, If their men aro so well
pleased with their conditions, why Is
It that the coal companies must havo
an array of gunmen, spies nnd spotters In thoir camps? Why Is It that
thoy hunt up union mon, dlBChargo
and slug thorn whon thoy aro found
out? If mon nro satisfied what nood
Is thoro of slugging nnd persecuting
thorn?
During tho month of March of this
yoar, ln tho town of Cokodalo, which
Ib tho private property of tlio Gug-
gonholms, tho superintendent and sovoral of Sheriff arisliatn's "doputles"
went to tho homo of John Cusnclc nnd
nskod wliothor ho belonged to tlio
union, He replied that ho did not,
Thoy began to boat him, broko opon
his trunk and sonrchod the houso fo;
his card. They found It hidden under
the bedding, and he was ordered to
Ipave, town in the morning.
In many of the other camps, as is
the case in Cokedale, the companies
own every square inch of ground and
every building, including the post-
office, but even in towns that are incorporated under the law organizers
are ordered to leave.
In Delagua, the "deputies" ■ invaded
a meeting of a Montenegro society,
made up chiefly of miners, and ordered them to disband.     The president of the society explained that they
could conclude their business in about
ten minutes, but the "guardians" of
the law insisted that they must adjourn at once.   Verily, Southern Colorado is filled with mighty possibilities.
In the heart of the city of Trinidad
two officials of the Walsenburg local
were held up at the point of guns by
four of Sheriff Grlsham's "deputies,"
their pockets rifled  and 'when they
could not find anything of value to
their masters, the two miners .were
ordered to move on.   Organizer Rob-
bert XJlich made complaint to Sheriff
Grisham against his sniveling "deputies"  Indiscriminately holding people
up, but was told that they had a right
to do it.   He then went to the mayor,
and this shining light of the "law and
order" brigade said that he had no
authority to act in the matter, but advised that Brother Ulich see the then
District Attorney McHendrie.     Here
he received the very polite advice that
there was no cause for criminal action; that he might institute civil proceedings.     Who ever heard of a district  attorney   suggesting  civil   proceedings in a case of criminal holdup?
In  the  light of these  outrages  Mr.
Weitzel  shed  tears of  agony for a
"better class" of men.
There are scores of the "better
class" of men in the coal mines in
Colorado, but they have been so
crushed by the despotism of coal corporations that they have little or no
interest in life. With proper conditions, proper pay, proper treatment
and withthe exercise of common privileges they would rise second to none
anywhere. Sufficiency of the "better
class" of miners would follow as a
consequence.
During the past few weeks organ-1
izers have been stationed in' Southern
Colorado, and this has given the spotters more than ordinary concern. Our
every action is subjected to the ut
most scrutiny in order to frustrate
any move that the organization may
make.
The story is now current that the
United   Mine' Workers   of   America
have a few eastern agitators in the
West trying to stir up a strike in or-
der that the miners in the East will
get more -work.   If the 700,000 miners east of Colorado had to depend
upon the work vacated by the less
than 14,000 in Colorado   their   case
would be hopelessly lost.     If every
miner in Colorado went out on strike
the eastern miners would never know
it except for the funds they would
contribute   to   support   the     strike.
Moreover,    the    companies    against
whom the strike would be conducted
would strain every nerve to see that
no union coal came into the vacate!
markets, and we surely are not idiotic
enough to  create a  strike  to  make
rr.ore work for non-union men.   The
coal companies and their paid emissaries know this, but they seem to
think that during their long uninterrupted reign of terror they have so
submerged the minds of their slave;
that they will accept such silly twaddle without a question.
The justice of our cause Is dawning
upon the minds of people who are not
connected with our , movement, but
whO feel, the iron heel of corporate
rule pressing heavily down upon them.
In the past they have ignorantly borne
the burden in silence. Now they are
coming to themselves and should it
require another strike (though we are
hopeful that we can get results without a strike) the power of public
opinion will not be arrayed against
us as was the case during the strike
of 1903 and 1904. People are now
seeing our organization in its true
light and the false sophistry of the
paid hirelings of capitalism is falling
on deaf ears.
Some progress has been made in
this State in the "way of legislation,
having secured the passage of a
"Mine Inspection Bill" which gives the
inspectors some power. An eight-
hour law was passed which covers
mine and co-relative labor and we are''
on a fair way to having an anti-guard
bill passed which makes it a felonous
act for' the sheriff to farm out his
office to any person, firm or corporation to be used to prevent labor from
organizing, or to serve as the bulwark
of the industrial pirates who profit by
their "inhumanity to man."
Trinidad, Colo., April 15, 1913.
^%endf^hetricity~1irilHir^
5.5 and 12.5 per cent, of gas (methane).
Between these limits (which are rather widely separated) a comparatively
small spark is sufficient to ignite" the
gaseous mixture. For all practical
purposes it is safest to assume that
all sparks that occur around such electrical apparatus and circuits as are
used for power and lighting in a mine,
are capable of Igniting gas.
The study of the ignition of coal
dust by electric arcs and flashes has
been undertaken and carried on to
some extent by European investigators. The result of their experiments
indicate that electric flashes can ignite
coal dust suspended In the atmosphere
The Bureau of Mines is now at work
upon a similar investigation, which
has not, however, progressed far,
enough to permit of the publication of
results.
Conditions Surrounding Electrical Installations In Mines
Underground electrical installations
are surrounded by many more trouble-
causing  factors  than  are  met   with
above ground.   Falls of roof sufficient to wreck trolley lines and feeder
systems are of frequent occurrence.
Dampness, dust and acid water ln sufficient quantities to be detrimental to
insulation are not uncommon.   Some
or all of these conditions must usually
be considered in seleoting mine electrical   equipment.     Apparatus    that
might  operate   satisfactorily  in   the
absence of these  elements  will  fail
when  they are-present.   The   space
available for installing and operating
underground electrical  equipment is
usually  limited,  thus  increasing the
chances for accidental contact with
the live parts of the electrical system.
Another factor that will appeal especially to those not accustomed to underground work is the lack of light.   Not
only has this condition a direct bearing upon the accidental contact with
the electrical apparatus, but it also
has an undesirable indirect influence,
because of the difficulties that it places In the way of properly installing
and inspecting equipment.       ''
As compared with electrical installations, above ground, those underground are temporary in character.
Circuits and machines are put In place
with the certain knowledge that sooner or later they must be removed and
Installed elsewhere. There is also a
good deal of portable apparatus used,
such as portable pumps, coal-cutting
machines and drills.' It Is therefore
clear that the economical investment
in installation is limited to a far greater extent than it would be upon thc
surface, where equipment is usually
•permanently installed, , This condition
increases the natural difficulties of
maintaining underground electrical
iTiui5ffient'ifl~^nt!oMitieir_tiiai-ig-'ab-
the insulators upon which they are
supported, and the insulating material
used in motors and accessory equipment.
"It is sometimes'argued that the insulating coverings of conductors deteriorate bo rapidly that they provide
an added element of. danger, because
they give a false impression of safety.
This argument can not be regarded
as universally applicable because its
truth depends upon the kind of insulation used and the "conditions of service.   If bare  conductors  are  used,
they should be well installed and to
some extent at least guarded, in order
to eonfine the current.   With the possible exception of high voltage cables,
all   conductors,   bare   or   Insulated,
should be supported upon insulators
that are mechanically strong as well
as electrically efficient.   If bare conductors are used, confinement of the
current depends entirely upon the Insulators.     Moreover,   dampness  and
dust can come Into direct contact with
the wire, a condition not consistent
with the highest factor, of safety.
In order to insure a high factor of
safety in the insulation of motors and
other electrical machines, they must
be carefully selected with a view to
the service that they are to perform.
They must then bo protected from
moisture and dust, unless such protection is inherent In their design.
Care In this respect will be rewarded
not only by increased safety, but also
by decreased cost or up-keep.
It must be admitted that the electric current can not be kept where it
belongs in the sense of eliminating
entirely such sparks and arcs as occur at fuses, circuit-breakers, air-break
switches, starting rheostats, and the
commutators of direct-current machines. In this connection the factor of
of safety must be applied by arranging
to confine the outbursts of current to
a limited area unoccupied by anything
that may be affected by heat or fire.
Assuming that in  the  installation
EHE9NATISM YIELDS TO
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1 (Continued on Page 7)
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ROOM t, WILDON BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.
By H. H. CLARK
In connection with the use of electricity in mining work there are three
possible dangers—shocks, fires, and
explosions. Tho electrical accidents
that occur most frequently are shocks.
The conditions under ground are peculiarly favorable to the occurrence of
such accidents. One can scarcely imagine conditions that are more conducive to the occurrence of shocks
than tho intimate association of bare
conductors with many more or less untrained men standing upon the ground
or upon track rails, in limited spaces
that are damp," dusty and poorly lighted. ,.'/,' ".; ""■■'.
Sources of Electric Shocks
Trolley wires In mines present the
most fruitful sources of electric shocks
Trolley wires are necessarily bare conductors that extend for long distances
throughout a mine. Thoy are often Installed leas than n man's height above
the track rail that Is used ns part of
the return circuit, and thoy nro often
Installed In this manner' in places
whero men must work In making up
trips of curs, as, for Instanco, at points
whero loaded trips nro brought by
electric locomotives to tho foot of n
ropo haulage system.
Another source of dangor from electric shook Is the accidental charging
of parts of equipment that nro not sup-
poflod to carry electric curront. Shocks
of this character are obtained most
frequently from tho frames of coal-
cutting "machines. Tho frames of locomotives bocomo charged to tho unmo
potential as tho trolley wire, If, while
tho motor or headlights nro In operation, tho locomotive loses Its ground
by reason of ovorsnndlng or for any
other cause Under such circumstances a very sovoro shock can bo obtained botwoon tho locomotive frame and
tho ground.
Fires Caused by Electricity
Tho danger from fires caused bv
rtnctrlelty nrlsoR prlnclonlly from do-
foctlvo Installation and caroloss upkeep, or from Injuries lo equipment
resulting from falls of roof or similar causes, A short-circuit or ground
that does not blow tho clrcult-bronknr
or tho fuses may produce heat enough
to xtnrt n fltw hv tonkins nrronn crml
or timbering. Tho blowing of an opon
fuso mny ho accompanied by sitlflc-
tont hont to Ignlto combustible material that ls closo to tho fuso. The pros-
onco of Inflammable material around
■electric motors or starting rhoostnts
may prove to bo n sourpo of troublo,
Incandescent lamps pfoduco hont
enough to Ignlto combustible mnterlnl
If tho dissipation of heat from tho
bulbs of such lamps Is allowed to bo-
como restricted.
Explosions Caused by Electricity
Explosions may bo caused by tho Ignition of explosives, tuhttt km or cuul
As to accidents of the first class
(with a single exception mentioned
hereinafter) electricity is no more of
a menace than any other source of
flame or heat, but it is just as great
a menace and, should be treated accordingly. As much care should be
used In handling explosives in the vicinity of electrical apparatus as tho'
the flashes, and sparks that It Is capable of giving were constantly in evidence.,
Any source of heat may attack an
ex-ploslvo from the outside, but electricity may, under certain circumstances, do more than that. An explosive that Is a conductor of electricity may cqmo in contact wilh,an electric circuit in such a way that current
may be passed througli tho explosive
ItBelf, and although no spark may occur outside tho package containing tho
explosive ignition may take place on
tho Inside. The possibility of such an
occurrence mny seem to bo extremely
remote, but accidents have beon reported for which ho other cause could
bo assigned, and In which the oxlst-
once of tho above conditions was qulto
probable.
Slnco tho drawbars of mine carB aro
electrically connected throughout tho
length of tho trip It follows that wherever tho locomotive loses Its ground
nil tho drawbars nro raised to the potential of tho trolley wire, unless somo
of tho drawbarti are In contact with the
car axlos or somo of tliolr connootlons,
If tho drawbars of a car loaded with
metallic packages of explosives wero
ralsod to tho potential of tho trolloy
wlro It can be easily Imagined that tho
boltB of the car axloB could bocomo,
connected to tho drawbar In such a
way that tho current would flow
through tho packages and -possibly
through tho explosive Itsolf,
Tho accidents that occur In connection with electrical shot firing nro
largely duo to tlio accidental discharge
of detonators In tlio vicinity of explosives, or to tlio premature Ignition of
shots nftor tho holes aro charged,
With regard to tho accidental dis-
rluu'KO of detonators ln tho vicinity of'
explosives; It la a cardinal principle
of safety that detonators should be
knnt Konnrnto from nvolnsfvps, nnd
that batteries and othor sources of
electric energy should bo kopt sopar-
ate from detonators.
With regard to the premature Ignition of shots, It Is not tho host practice to shoot electricity undor conditions thnt require one side of tho do-
tonntlng circuit to bo connectod to the
nnrtlr, because wherever grounded
nystoms of distribution tiro used unexpected differences of potential exist In the earth In the vicinity of such
clroutta. If, therefore, one flldo cf the
detonator bo purposely grounded, an
accidental wuuutl on the other ulilc of
dust. Accidents duo to tho Ignition tlio detonator may connect it across a
of erploilves by electricity may be dl-l potential sufficient to cause Ignition,
vldod Into two classes—thoso that on- j Prematura Ignitions hare b#en report-'
cur whilo handling and transporting ] t>_ which seemingly have been caused
explosives near electric circuits nnd j !*y the conditions Just described,
thoso th»t wo luctdeut to the dytona- Etwtrle aparfcs wilt Italic.mtM pi
tion of explosives by electrics) moans J, snd air mixtures that contain hetween
solutely safe, but it has often occurred
to> the writer that one of the factors
that has been most influential in delaying improvement in underground
electrical conditons is the fact that
the electrical dangers contribute only
a small percentage to the annual death
rate In mines. As an illustration, statistics show that less than 3 per cent,
of the men killed in and about the
coal minos of the United States during
the first eight, months of the year 1912
met their death as a result of electri-;
cal causes. It is not that the number
of men annually killed in mines by
electricity ls not undesirably great, but
that the; number of men killed, under-:
ground by other causes Is so much
greater that It quite overshadows the
electrical death roll, If the thirty-
seven men who were killed by electricity In and about the coal mines of
tho United States during the first 8
months of 1912 had boon the only ones
killed In connection with the raining
Industry, effective measures .; to Ira-
•prove tho electrical conditions underground would no doubt have been taken immediately.
Prevention of Accidents Caused by
Electricity
Tho problem of safeguarding elec-
trio mino equipment Is not a simple
one, and at first glance involves so
mnny considerations as to appear
hopoloBsly confusing. A logical first
stop lg improvement of underground
conditions would bo to roraovo or to
counteract as many unfavorablo conditions as may bo thus disposed of,
As previously stated, scanty light,
limited spaco, ond tho presence of
dust and dampness aro underground
conditions that aro favorable to the
occurrence of oloctrical accidents. Tlie
Influence ot tho first of thoso may bo"
eliminated by providing lights at particularly dangerous placos, bucIi as
partings nnd cross-overs, if electric
wires aro a source of light, to roduco
that danger, Although It may bo impracticable to eliminate entirely tho
effect of limited space, this condition
may bo counteracted by tho oroctlon
of guards about apparatus. Dust and
dampness aro dements that can hardly bo soparatod from tho operation of
a mino;, in fact, the presonco of dampness is often dosirablo to offset tho
effect of dust, It is possible, however, tonrnvld*» nnrmrnttts so deslirnod
and installed as to resist tho action
of dust and dampness and the moro
generous the factor of safety Included
In such design and Installation the
greater will bo Its resistance to undo*
strable Influences.
The problem of safeguarding may be
divested of some of Its vagueness and
put In concrete form by considering
that If the electric curront can bo kept
whoro It belongs—In the conductors
designed to carry it—It can not give
shocks, start fires, or Ignlto gaa, duet
or explosives, Electricity becomes
actively dangcrouti only when lm
breaks sway from its proper channels
In stray currents or as sparks and
arcs, So far as stray currents are
conc^ned, the conflnnment ot electricity !n its proper place is fiTimarlly a
(yir-nfffln of Irtftiiltitlrm, n term thnt Includes ths covering of tho conductors,
SYNOPSIS OF COAL MIKING
REGULATIONS
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West' Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term 'of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
Not more than 2.5G0 acres wil be leased
to one applicant.
Application tor a lease must be made
by-"the—applicant—in—person—to—the-
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which th-! rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplicatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise.     A royalty shall bo
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five oents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty   thereon.      If   the   coal   mining
rights   are  not   being  operated,   such
returns  should  be furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mlslng
COLEMAN
Billiard and
IPoof Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
JThree Pool Tables
^   BowlingTAlley  {J
HairdressingTs
Cigars
J. Graham, p™2i
rights only, but the lessee may be per
mltted to, purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for, the working of the mine
at the rate of $10,00 an acre, ,
For full Information application
should be mado to tho Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. W, Oory, ,
Deputy Minister of tho ...Interior.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be Dald for. .,
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PRESSING AND REPAIRING NEATLY DONE
At reasonable prices,
Out-of-town work attendod to promptly
1
\*
N
W3
ifl'i
n
B
WHY
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MAR-
KET, that'll why.
Buy them all tho timo at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
CAM GnAHAM, Manager PHONR 41
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property r I
■I
I*
M
i
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., MAY 3, 1913.
PAGE SEVEN
'I
IS
I
I'
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
^■•■■■■■■■•■■■■■.SBMBBi^BBMHyHBI
I
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM .     Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
I.
y-
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every °
attention .
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
r
V
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH  AT HOSMER,   B.C.
li
r
Southern
H OT E L
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
attention
Meals tlmt taste liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor,
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in ail kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
^
Send us youp orders
For our Foreign Brothers
FRENCH
AGTIOISOGIAL
Les  .Charbons   Anglais    N'Arriveront
pas en Belgique
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House
in the Pass
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdressing Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter
Ben Wallace  -   Mgr.
SLAVONIAN
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
'  Wholosalo Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
NO.
?0
•181
431
2163
010
5537
1387
2033
2877
1120
2178
2314
1203
2407
1058
574
1183
2820
2334
H
2352
tm
101
NAMP
*CC. and l\ 0* ADDnrtESC
Ttnnkheml	
Heaver Croak	
nolloviio	
Blalrmoro,,.',,,,,.,:,
"riurmls..,,,,',',	
,*-.*» ***!^**'»*-..M*. ..........
Cnn moro,	
Colomnn ,,,,,
T, Yt'kuul)*;); Uttultiliviid, Alio,
Ti.  Kemp, Uoavor Creak, via Pincher.
James Burke, Box 3(5, Dellevuo Alta.
W,"L. Evans, Ulalrmore, Alta.
3,  Derbyshire, Burmis, Altn.
S, ^iCv'uv..;, Caiounurtib, Cui-feman, Alia.
N, D, Thnoliuk, Can moro, Alta,
W. Om hnm, Colomnn, Alta.
Corbin,.,,,...,, .J. JonoB, Corbin, B, C
Chinook Minos,...... W. It. Hushes, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt,
Diamond City,.,,,.,. J, £}. Thornhlll, Diamond City, Lotbbrldgo.
Fornlo ..... Thot. Uphill, Fornlo, 11. O,
Frfink  Evan Morgan, Frank, Alta,
Holtmer  W. ItaMeratnn*, lloamor, Tt, C.
Hlllcrest..,,,,........ Jaa. Gordon, HilloroBt, Alta. *
' Lethbridge"..'..'. L.  Moo ro, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. LetfcbrldBe.
■Lebbridge Colllorles.. Frank Barrlnsham, Coalburat, Alta.
Maple Loaf........... John T. Williams, Maple Leaf, Bollovuo, Alta.
Mlchol.  M. Burrcll, Michel, B. C.
Monarch Mine  Wm. llynd, KIcan P. O., Taber, AN*.
Pnssbnrir.  A. Zuflknr, Passburg, Alta.
Royal View  fleo, Jo dan, Itoyal Colllerioi, Lothbrldge, Alta
Tabor ,. A PaUeraon, Taber, Alt*
La conference tie la Federation des
mineurs de la Grande-Bretagne a dis-
cute la prochaine greve nationale beige et a adopts une resolution declarant que la conference consent a 1'aider
par tous les moyens possibles.
Afin que la greve r<5ussisse elle invite les ouvriers des transports a em-
pecher autant que possible le depart
du charbon d'un port quelconque du
Royaume-Uni pour un port quelconque
de la Belgique durant la greve.
Le Bon Ouvrier
M. de Broqueville est parti pour la
Suisse. II se rend a Caux, dit-on, pour
s'y reposer pendant une dizaine de
jours.
Voila ce qu'on peut appeler un re-
pos bien gagng—et un voyage tout a
fait opportun.
Le pays est menace d'une des crises
les plus graves qui se soient jamais
produltes en Belgique. La situation
Internationale reste trouble et inquie-
tante. Qu'importe tout cela a l'illus-
■tre homme d'Etat do Postel. II a for-
tifi6 l'union de la dro'.te sous la f-Srulo
de M. Woests. II a cas*? un Collon qui
etait devenu genant—et seme dans
l'armee des ferments de discordre
Que M. de Broqueville se sente un pen
fatigue apres de pareils travaux, quo!
de plus naturel?
Le Charbon Manquera Rapidement
Le chomage des mineurs provoque-
,ra, en quelques jours, une situation
inextricable pour l'industrie beige,
meme pour les quelques usines des
Flandres qui, des l'abord, ne marcher-
aient pas dans le plus grand assaut
du S. U.
Le numero de la "Revue du Travail," du 15 Mars, publico par l'Office
du Travail de Belgique (ministere de
l'industrie et du Travail) nous fournit
des indications curieuses a ce pain du
vue.
• "A Mons," dit la Revue, "la situation est -active. Les disponibilites de
charbons classes sont excessivement
reduites.1
A Charleroi, le disponible en charbons industriels est nul.
A La Louviere, les charbons industriels maintiennent leur brillante .position— les—besoin's~d"e~la"^T2nae~Ih~
dustrie se manifestent de plus en plus,
et la plupart des producteurs n'ont pas
de disponible.
A Liege, la situation commerciale
est bonne; tout le monde est occupe.
A Verviers, on, constate un augmentation sensible des commandes et une
penurie tou jours plus lmportante de
bras.
Pour les agglomeres de houllle,
memo situation a Mons, a Charleroi,
a La Louviere, a Liege.
11 en est de memo pour les cokes,
"reclames avec Instance," dans tous
les centres de production.
Apres avoir enreglstre de parollles
constatatlons, on peut so riro des de-
fls do M. de Broqueville et de la prosse
dos-provocateurs cierlcaux. La greves
sera formidable ct ses offets econom
iques seront foudroyants.
1300 Enfants PlacSs en Hollands
Lo comlte permanent du Parti Ouvrlor Soclnllsto Hollandnls s'est rd-
mil nvoc In commission constitute
pour l'hospltallsatlon dos enfants dos
grevlstos belgoB.
lies rapports fntts par los socrd-
tnlrcs dos dlfforents comitds locaux,
II rdsulto qu'il y a (los a prdsont, placo
pour 1,300 onfants,   '
MalB Io comltd OBtlmo quo co chlffro
ost Inrdrlour n la rdnlltd. Kn offot, lo
mouvomont do solidarity s'est trouvd
arretd quund on n cru quo los offorts
vers 1'apnlsBoment nvalent chance do
rdusslto. "Hot Voile" .assure quo co
nombro nura snxtupM dos quo los com-,
pngnons ndorlandais nuront l'lmpros-
slon quo In lutto litirolque entro lo proletariat ot lo prlvllogo do classo aura
commoncd.
Do plus, 11 ndrosBo un nppol non
Boulomont a tous Ioh Boolnl-domo-
cratcs hollandals mala, a tous coux
qui nSprouvent la crlmlnollo reaction
tlu gouvornemont bclgo. Et 11 ouvro
uno lUto do soiiBcrlptlon pour pavor
los frals do voyage dos'onfants dos
grdvlHtofl bolgoB.
Evolution ou Involution
DnriB un .dlBCOttrs a Now York, lo
12 courant, Mr. Mnrslmll, lo vlco-prrfsl-
dont doB Etnts Unls, a ddclnrd quo lo
Socialism*! monacalt lo pays ot quo st
Ioh grands trusts contlnualont a bo sor-
vlr du KOttvorneniont pour volor lo
pouplo quo nous nurlons certnlnomont
uno revolution,
Co qui out nno slmnln ri*n-*MHnn tit*
co qua los BoolallBtnB no cossont do
crier Hur Ioh tolls avoo cotto settlo ox.
coptlon qu'ils font clalromont com-
prendre a leurs audltours quo co n'est
pas avob do rdformos qui no reform-
ont Hon quo Ton pout chnnncr In uitu-
nUtm nctuello ot empocher uno revolution vlolonco. II' fnut rdvoitatlonnor
Io systome si 1'on no vout pan qu'on do
cob Journ Iob dnmndB do In Bocldtd nctuello no bo mottcnt a revolutlonnor
los Rons,
INDUSTRIALS PEKEL
__V AMERIKi
' "American Federation of Labor" je
imela lep naCrt, da organizira vse de-
lavce, kateri so zaposleni pri enemu
najve£jih korporacij na svetu "Steel
Trust Company."
2al, da se je naCrt te najvecje unije
v Ameriki, katera ima zgreieno tak-
tiko. principe in metodo—skoraj pop-
olnoma ponesreCil.
Pri velikanskem jeklamem trustu
so zaposleni delavci skoro vseh zaposleni delavci skoro vseh clvlllziranih
narodov na svetu. Ameri £ ani ima jo
v splosnem boljsa mesta, kjer se Ia?Je
dela In bolje plaCa. Najvefi je se mor-
da Slovanov, kateri opravljajo najteS-
ja dela za sramotno nlzke plafie. PriS-
11 so v Ameriko, da se i/ognejo tirani-
jl .policajske Evrope mlsleC, da dobijo
v Ameriki lepe ugodno3tI in "svobod-
no domovlno." Namesto svobodne do-
movine so pa nasli pekel smrdljlvih
in 2are5ih tvornicah, dolg delavnl 5as
in berasko plaCo. AmerlSkl kapltal-
istl£ni vampirjl dobro vedo, da se
nezavednlm slovanskim delavcem v,
imenu svobode, ie naj loJje izpije po<-
iednjo kapljo krvl.
AmeriSki patriotje, kateri vedno
reklamirajo narodnostno uprasanje in
svoji k svojin, imajo v svojih tvor
nicah, rudnikih in plavlih zaposleno
I'isano druzbo razlICnih narodov in
ver; ti ljudje ne,dajo nie, kdo da je
rojen Amerikanec, njim so najboljsi
dotiCni delavci, kateri delajo za naj
ni2jo plaCo ter se brez godrnjanja pus-
te odreti na meh.
Kadar prevzetni trustovi "bossi" iz-
birajo delavce za delo v modernem'
peklu, jim nitl na misel ne pride, da
bi katerega uprasali, kaksne da je na-
rodnosti aii vere,—enostavno izberejo
tiste, kateri'so,, najbolj krepkih misic,
in iz ka terih si kapitalizem upa iz-
preSatl najve5 profita.
Lepo so delavci razliCnih narodov
in vor razpostavljeni pri zareCIh ped-
eh in breCeSih strojih. Patriotizenv
zgubi v delavnicah so veljavo, Kapitalizem, kateri izven tvornic, nidnikov
in plavzev hujska eno narodnost proti
drugi; po delavnicah ,postavi Turka
zraven Bolgara, Cigana zraven Ang-,
leza, Nemca zraven Slovenca. Zida
zraven katoIiCana itd. Delav_ci_i:az^
■lfenih narodov in ver morajo delati
skupaj v lepi harmoniji—po dvanajst
ur na dan, sedem dnl v tednu za berasko 'plaCo $1.50 na dan, in lo vse za
svetl kapitalistieni pront. Kdor dan-
danes verjame kapitalistiiinim lum-
pom in njihovim hlapcem, dotifini je
zelik nevedneJS, all pa pretkan slepa.r,
kateri hoCe 2Iveti na stroSke druzlh.
"Steel trust" je velikanski krvoses,
kateri dril pol mlljona delavcev raz-
I15nlh narodnostl in ver'v industriel-
nl su2nostl. Pol mlljona suinjev v
jeklarnem Babllonu gara in mllo gleda
kedaj da.bodo strll verige/v katere so
jlh uklenlll modern! Krezl.
Ako, smo prijatelji suZenjstva ter
nas v scru vesell beda In gorje. na§!h
bratov, potem 6e v, nadalje dolavcem
mailmo o5I, ter piSImo Clanke "Bodito
osebno svobodnl." Ako pa Brno za In-
dustrlelno svobodo vseh ljudl na zem-
1J1; ako sami sebo ne smntrnmo za
noku vlgja bltja, drugo delavco pa «a
navndne tepco, katorl so zato nstvar-
joni, da delajo za drugo. — Prijatelji,
bodlmo odkrltosrfinl in poStonl nap-
ram nafilm bratoni kateri nas ?,lvo In
pojdlmo na dolo. Ako nlsmo "mucke"
katorl od sprodaj li?.ojo In od cmlnj pa
praskajo, potom povojmo IndiiBtrlol-
nlm suiSnJom odkrlto In broz zvijne, dn
svobodo nlninjo, tomvofi da dolnjo In
garnjo za pro fit. In Hvobodo Itnpltnl-
'istov In njlhovlh mefifinnsklh liliipcov,
Dolavcl, nko vus knkBen frakar ui5l
drugaCo potoin laliko vosto, da Jo on
vaft zahrbtnl sovraitnllc,,'katordmu Jo
dnnhSnjn lumpnrBkn ilru?.bn vSofi,
Dol s Bu2onJBtvoni, knpitnllzniom In
kn])ltall8tICnlmI moSotarjl, Slavn za-
vodnlm delnvcom in soclallzmu,
Pittsburgh has done nothing to carry out.the plans endorsed by the commission, but has sought for concentrated action in the Ohio valley.' The
reservoir idea, however, has not met
with much approval among Cincinnati
men well versed on the river situation. Neither has it met with the approval of the Ohio Valley Improvement "Association. The recent disaster has served further to discredit its
feasibility. It is pointed out that the
greatest fears had been that the enormous reservoirs in the flood district
would break.
The one great problem which Cincinnati would have to meet would have
to do with sewage disposal. An intercepting system probably would be devised to prevent the water backing up
in the sewer pipes. At present a great
many cellars are flooded by back water before the flood stage is reached.
President Draper is expected to appoint the special committee immediately, and work will at once be started
on a comprehensive and systematic
survey.
ELECTRICITY IN MINES
(Continued from page six)
and insulation of electrical equipment
care has been exercised to Insure the
proper confinement of the current, the
factor of safety may be increased by
grounding the dead metallic parts of
apparatus, by providing means for insulating the bodies of those who work
upon such elements as are explosive
or combustible. .
It is as important to maintain a high
factor of safety as to obtain it in the
first place and such maintenance calls
for careful and frequent inspection by
the mine electrician, whose responsibility can scarcely be-overrated. The
supervision of the electrical equipment of a mine is a task that requires
unusual ability, sound judgment, and
experience of a peculiar sort. To select suitable apparatus, to install it
properly, and to maintain it free from
interruption of service at a minimum
cost demands ability. The requirements of safety add a further load of
responsibility. It seems to the writer
that the electrician holds the key to
the problem of safeguarding the use
of electricity in mining work. The electrician is the man who deals with the
problem at the closest range and in
the position of greatest advantage to
observe dangers, to correct improper
conditions, and to maintain a suitable
factor of safety. The power of truly
and effectively safeguarded the use of
electricity' in mines rests "more with
ability to detect the presence of explosive ga3. The statement that the
electric lamp's may be made safer than
the safety lamp is based upon the fact
that the parts of the safety" lamp may
be improperly arranged and ignition
of gas occur as the result. The records show that this has happened on
more than one occasion.
The greatest benefits to be derived
from the electric lamp as a safety device will be had in those mines where
the electric lamp supplants the open
flame lamp and thereby eliminate a
real fire hazard.
Next may be mentioned the firing
of shots be electrical means. There
can be no doubt that the firing of shots
by properly designed and operated
electrical shot-firing devices and
equipment is safer than firing shots
by fuses or other devices that ignite
explosives by means of. sparks or
flames.
Finally, it may be suggested that
electricity may 'partially do away with
its own greatest danger by substituting storage, battery locomotives for
gathering locomotives operated from
trolley wires. Although main line
haulage by storage battery locomotives can hardly be advocated at present, the gathering of coal by storage
battery locomotives seems, In many instances to be a feasible proposition.
The use of storage battery locomotives would entirely do away with the
trolley wire from a large part of the
mine entries that are now provided
with this dangerous equipment. In
addition to the greater degree of .safety assured storage battery locomotives
would be more flexible to operate than
are cable reel locomotives. The load
factor on the generating station
would be materially improved, satisfactory voltage regulation of the distributing system could be' obtained
with less copper, and the expense of
installing and maintaining trolley
wires and rail bonding would be eliminated in the entries worked by storage
battery locomotives.—Coal and Coke
Operator.
THE BEST CURE
We know that the best means of
enabling the workman to" fight tuberculosis is by increasing his wage.   It
he only had the* money to secure the
proper food, to live in the right environment, with a little more space,
a little more light; if only the children were not driven to work at too
early au age; if only their bodies and
their minds might have a fair chance
of development.   That is at the bottom of the whole thing; the wages of
the jworkman_andl_the„conditions—of-
Pcps is the name bestowed upon a
new scientific preparation put up into
tabloid or pastille form, which provides
an entirely new and effective treatment for coughs, colds and lung and
throat troubles generally.
Did it never occur to you as peculiar
that when you have a cough or a cold,
or any chest trouble, yoti should apply
medicine—not to your lungs, but to
your stomach ?
Look at it the other way round. Suppose you suffered from some stomach
complaint—indigestion or ulceration.
How strange you would think it if you
were asked to take u medicin^ which
had to be breathed in. and which went"
not to your stomach, but to your lungs1
and breathing imsmkcs ? 4
There is no connection between tho
stomach and the lungs (bee diagram
below), and when for a cold or a
cough or any chest complaint you take
some medicine, such as li.iuid cough
mixtures, syrups, lozenges, which go—
not to your lungs, but to your stomach
you are wasting time.
Peps — this newest remedy for
coughs, colds, and lung troubles—go
to the lungs and brealhing-tubes,
direct Peps are really pine fumes
and certain highly beneficial medicinal
extracts specially prepared by a new
scientific process and then condensed
into tabloid form. ■ It is like making a
breathable gas solid I
You put a "Pep" oa your tongue
and let it dissolve. As it does so tbo
healing essences it contains turn into
vapor, and you BREATHE them
direct to your lungs and air passages I
_ Those heal- -53-     th,™,,
ing essences'      _^___^__^l,..\_0*
pass   down       ^#*^#«&PAS5A61S
your breathing-tubes,
bathing  all
j ihe inilonedl?
"siirfaoes.ffi
which   no"1
! 1i nuid  or
t &..i-d matter
', c n n   ever
ironch,   in
h--riitli-giving
; in-!   fumes,
ani   cmitv-
i:i!; hey.ith
au;1 l.ja.ing r<2
v.- li e icvi; r
tner   pene-
■in\'.2.      ■
Considers Question of
Harnessing (lie Ohio
(Contlnuod from Pngo if)
Dans la vlllo do Kansas City, Kan-
ma, cinq feiuumu out oliUmu iIhh positions lmportante* dans lo gouvernement do la vllle.
Owln* to Increased cost of fuol oil
the Frlico System has been convert-
fiff many ot Un olMutnluit -auKlne*
to coal-burners. A year airo this sys-
Itntl 1B0 oll-bwmlng engines and now
has only about 85.
bo tho nature of tito plans thnt nro final ly urged thoy will Involve tho iiocob-
Blty of cooporatlon foo'twoon tlio city,1
tho country, tho State, thn Podornl
government, ,nml, perhaps, thn state
of Kentucky.
In considering'what might hn dono
In Cincinnati tho Hoard of Directors
disposed what was done In Pittsburg
by tho Flood Commission thoro, The
commission found thnt tho flood'district comprised 1,600 noroB. It found
Hint Mho flondo nf 1007 fc,\ ^im*
wrought a total rtnmniwi of M,!ifl0,enn,
and thnt tho loss for thn 10 yonrs prn-
vIoiih wns 110,000.000, Heal osttito experts appraised tho valuo of tho property nt $100,000,000, and estimated nn
; additional valuo nf sno.OOO.flfifi tf itm
property wns Immune from flood damage. "   ■"'■ ..,.
Thnao flguron Ind tho commission to
bollnvo that the property warranted
tho expenditure of $22,500,000, which
wns the total estimate on tho relief
pl.m-i whkh It toiiAitlered nnd ondorH-
ed, Tlio plans willed for tho construe-
tion ot IV imi'iiiihdiiiit rosorvolrs In
the basins of the AUoghony snd Mo-
nonpnliela river*;. It. wiw not designed that tUotuj f'M'rvoIrs would prevent
a rise of tho rlwrs to tho flood stn«n,
but It was iMiinmtiHj that they would
iitrvo lo Ui«i""..-.! a I4*»*»i»l amount of
rainfall so that flowl walls, which the
commission inli'ocatod, could bo ra-
due*a to a Iw.'M of 13 let » fMi,
KinPthan with any other one man.
By the way of summary there are
offered the following suggestions for
reducing the number of accidents due
to the use of electricity in mines;
1.—Remove   contributory  causes.
■ 2—Remove from the vicinity of electrical   apparatus   all   elements   susceptible to its Influence was, dust, explosives, combustible material! etc.
3.—Keep tho electric current where
it belongs,
4.—If, under certain circumstances,
the current cannot be entirely confined, at least limit the area of Its
activity by using protective devices.
5,—Insure a high factor of safoty by
(a) selecting material and apparatus
with care; (b) installing equipment in
a strictly first class manner; (c) inspecting equipment frequently and
thoroughly maintaining it In good condition at all times.
Electrical Equipment That Promotes,
8afety
In tljo foregoing, electricity hns boon
discussed ns a menace to life and property. There aro, however, somo ways
ln which it seoms possible for electricity to decrease the risks now attendant upon mining work, Thoro Is
one piece of electrical equipment that
mny also bo consldored as a safoty
dovlco, and thero are throo others that
by substitution for moro dangerous
equipment and methods promote tho
safety of underground .workers.
First mny bo montlonod the telephone, which is of UBoJn spreading
news of troublo, In calling nld'to tho
Injured, and In assisting In mino rnB-
cue work after disasters. Noxt mny
bo mentioned portablo electric lamps
for uso, of minors, Tho development
of such lampB Is Just beginning"In the
Unltod States. At tho dato of this
writing no device has been fully developed and standardized for Insuring
absolute freedom from gas ignition hy
lamps of this sort. There can hn no
doubt, however, thnt In tho near 'future Homo Bitch device will bo developed and then tho electric lump becomes safer than tho locked safety
lamp, although It has not the In Iter's
his work. If you can secure labor for
all who will labor, if you can secure
the payment of a wage which will enable the laborer who labors to secure
proper conditions of lodging, food and
clothing, recreation and education, you
will have reached pretty near to the
root of the matter, so far as Dives
and Lazarus are concerned.—Christian Herald.
HAVE YOU A FRIEND
WHO DRINKS TO EXCESS
Tell Him He Can Be Cured In
Three Days.
The Neal Treatment at tho
Neal Institute Will Quickly Restore Him to Self-Mastery.-
The Neal Institute
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325. Phone 273
Tl
i^.-e tis-
Waldorf
Hotel
P. V, WHELAN, Manager.
Rates'$2.00 and up
Hot nnd Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In tvtry room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
THE CROWN OF HEALTH
Men, suffer no more with a run
down, weak, tired or nervous Kyslnm'
Ur.  MoUgors*  Vlmllisor  Mattery  re
tiioii'.** your health nnd strength naturally by increasing the activity nml
life of the organs of the body, uiul
quickly puts sparkling vitality of real
mankind   throughout    your   synt<»m,
mititinxu ot  fiuttniHinHHc,  voluntary,
testimonials profusely praise tho tittnr*
Ing cures of rheumatism, weak back,
stomach, kidney trouble nnd  varicocele, etc, effected by thlx wonderful
dry coll storage buttery which requires
no rh.irplng with vln"jt:\r or 'X.'lt, 's
ISOO per cont. ensirr applied, give* 100,
p'-r rent, greater ::,;ni-.-*., au.l !.» «uM
nt an extremely low prie»» without add-
ed cost for'usoWs fancy bonks.   A*l:
us to mnl) you booklet with full par-
tlculara free In wmled cover,
THE METZ6ER VITAMER BATTERY CO,
OEPT. C
David Building, .136 Eighth' Ave. E,iRt,
CALGARY, Alta.
Offlet hours 10-17, 2-5, 7-8 dally,
Meal Tickets, $7,00
8pecln| Rates by tho week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner
. f.no s'.rcngth-
■ eiiintr,  pleasant fumes,  so liberated
-trOTn-theiliSoDlviHETPiSprare" not only"
healing in tlieir operation, they are
.a'ltisevtic. Tliey kill tlie germs of
i c xisiimplion, catarrh, and those many
' ana varied throat and lung troubles so
co.nmou to-day. Peps funics—like the
fames from nature's Pine woods—get
, dinv.'t, to the lungs and chest, and give
" inst?.at relief to colds, tightness, bron-
{(hitis, etc. In short, Peps bring pine
; forest air to your home I
I You have a nasty nightcough? Tako
- a Pep liefore going to bed—your cough
• will not trouble you I Your lungs are
i a little weak, and going from the warm
i house into the cold air outsido makes
' you cough ? Just beforo going out put
j a Pep in your mouth—there will bo no
■ < anghiug I Your throat feels " stuffed
| .■■!>," your chest feels tight, and your
j hrer,thing troublesome ? Peps will put
: matter right for you vory quickly.
J Peps, while gradually turning to
I vap-.iv as soon as put Into the inou-Mi,
will rotnin thoir goodness indeiluitcly
if kept dry. Kach little Peps pastillo
iy parked in an air-tight wrapping,
v.'h.u-h is oiihiiy removed, and they aro
j.iicked in neut'tin pocket boxes. Tliey
aro not sticky (the minister or publio
speaker can curry a few looso in the
vest pocket) j they do not spoil the
itjij'etite and ruin the digestion, liko
cough syrups and mixtures do; and—
tliey DO cure coughs, colds and lung
trouble I
Just as tho ontrdoor treatment for
consumption—the "breathing" treatment—is now admitted to bo the only
rational treatment, so the "Peps"
treatment for colds and lung troubles
is tho only rational home treatment.
Peps care 'catarrh, coughs, bron-l
chilis, sore throat, tightness or aching1
across tlie chest, ditlioulty in breathing, night cough, hoarseness, asthma,
laryngitis, smoker's throat,etc. JlBst
fnr children because frco from opium,
morphine, or any poison.
All druggists and stores soil Peps
at fiOc. a Iwx or 8 for $1,25. Should
your dealer bo out of stock, ordor
direct (post paid) from Peps Co,,
Dupont St„ Toronto, or C2 Princess
St., Winnipeg,
F H K B T HIA L.-Tho proprietors wish this great discovery to be
widely   appreciated,   and   have  decided to olt'er a frco  trial pnokot
to till   pursons who would \i\-i to
tent thia unique remedy,   Cut out
this*: article,   wrlto  across   it   the
ii,mm ef this paper, and mail it to
Ij«(h Co,, Toronto, or  52 Princess
Street, Winnipeg,  enclosing
l cent stamp to pay for return
postage.   A free trial  packet
of Pops will Ui mailed you by
rolurn.    If you hare a friend
Buffering   from   a  cough.
II
The finest  of Wines,  Liquors
tiiti rt^rz servej b/ -.yii.pc.ieiu
■nd nhllfilng wine clrrkn.
WHEN YOU WANT
the Best of
Fine .Neckwear, Sox,
Trunks, (3rips,
Caps,.'Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
JlootK & Shoes, come to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold with n guarantee tlmt if not satisfactory, you can return it nul get your money hack PAGE EIGHT
'UTS
1Jw*nPHWK
IHE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C., MAY 3, 1913.
HIGH  GRADE MEN'S FURNISHINGS
We have imported a number of exclusive lines of high grade Shirts, Pyjamas
Underwear, made from the finest silk. We invite you to see these new lines.
SHIRTS
Fine Silk Shirts made from pongee in the nat-
0
ural color.   All sizes  $3.50
Soft collars to match, at 50c.
- Fine Japanese Silk Shirts in pale blue, pink,
and white.   Collars attached.   All sizes, at. .$3.25
Fine -"Wool Taffeta Shirts. Will not shrink.
Fast colors. Soft, collars detached, French cuffs.
All sizes, 14i/o to 17i/o $4,00
Lingerie Waists
With Robespierre collars, made with half or long
sleeves, and fancy fronts. The materials are very
fine and sheer in white and striped effects. Priced
attractively at
$1.50 to $3.50
White Wash Skirts
Our variety of Wash Skirts is the largest we
have shown. The styles are the newest and the
material are rep, pique, Bedford cord, and India
bead linen.   Priced from
$2.00 to $3.50
Children's Straw Hats
Hats for all ages of children in high and medium crown and wide and narrow brims. They are
made in both fine and coarse straws, in white and
colors.     Priced from
30c to $5.00
PYJAMAS
Fine Pure Wool"Taffeta Pyjamas in neat designs and all sizes $6.50 to 10.00
Fine Taffeta Silk Pyjamas in pale blue.   All
 $8.00
sizes
Fine Cotton Crepe Pyjamas in blue, trimmed
with white.   Fast colors.   All sizes.
Special at $3.00
UNDERWEAR
AVe carry the finest silk, (silk lisle), and silk
and wool Underwear. In white and natural, both
combinations or two-piece. All sizes, 34 to 46
chest.   Prices run from $3.00 to 10.00 per suit "
Fine Balbriggan Underwear in white and natural.   All sizes.   From . .50c to $1.25 per garment
Mesh Combinations.   All sizes.. .$1.50 per suit
l&tP'Zy;
Special Offer of
20th Century
Clothing
Popular brand Suits in New
Spring Styles and Colors
•npHIS week we will sell a limited number c
* of this season's 20th Century Suits at
$20.00. Everyone knows what this means—
Style, Quality, and Perfect Fit. In the finest cloths at $20.00! This is your opportunity to buy hand-tailored clothes, of the very
latest typp at a very low price. Style is the
quality that marks the clothes of distinction
and sets them apart from the commonplace.
This . tells the story of the 20th Century
Brand—Superiority, and 20th Century Brand
Success. See our windows and be convinced
that the suits we show this week are the
finest ever offered at the price.
SPECIAL
Cvv     •     •     •     •
$20.00
Football Shoes
Buy your shoes now for the' football season
We carry the celebrated "Art" at.'. . .$4.00
The McGregor for those who want a better
shoe sells for ; ;.. .,.$5.50
,  Better buy now and insure getting right size.
Saturday Grocery
Specials
Tuxedo Baking Powder, 16 oz...'. , 15
Quaker Oats, 5 lb. pkg. with china 20
Shredded Wheat Biscuits 10 • '
Fry's Cocoa, y_ lb. tin 20
Lowney's Cocoa, ]/2 lb. tin 20
Greengage Plums, 2s, 2 for 35
Pumpkin, 2 lb. tins, 2 for 25
Evaporated Prunes, 3 lbs 25
Holland Herring, 10 lb. keg 1.00
Robin Hood Flour, 98 lb. sack 3.25
Spearmint Gum, per box. 60
Armour's Grape Juice, quarts 60
Swift's Pure Lard, 5 lb. pail ; 85
Imported Magnesia, 16 oz 75
Heinz' Pork and Beans, 2s, 2 for 35
Siam Rice, 4 lbs 25
Baby's Own Toilet Soap, per box 25
Castile Toilet Soap, 8 bars r.    .25
Pure Black Pepper, 3 tins     »25
Jelly Powder, 4 pkgs. 25
Port, Cherry and Grape Wine, quarts 40
Knorr's Pea soup'Powder     *;10
Holbrook's Health Salts, per tin 10
-Beecham's Pills, per box '. 20
Wyeth's Beef, Iron and Wine 65
Scott's Emulsion, large 75
Nestle's Infant Food,"per tin..; 40
Castoria, per bottle '.' 25
Zambuk Salve  35
B. C. Potatoes, 100 lbs  1.00
Tomatoes, 3s, 7 for  1.00
Holbrook's Marafat Peas, pkg 10
Money Saving Prices
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
The Store of
Quality
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
LOCAL AND PERSONAL;
There will be a Cradle Roll reception at Knox Church on Wednesday
next at 3,30 p.m.
VOTING ON BY-LAWS
Tho certifying council ot tho Loyal
Ordor of the Moose will meet on Tuesday evening at 9 o'clock.
Tho monthly meeting of tho Ladles'
Guild of Christ Church will be held
In tho Church on WediioHday, May 7,
nt 3.30.
Tho ladles of the Baptist church
■write us that thoy have changed dato
ot their'.auppof, tho event now being
fixed  for  May  20.
Tho, Indies of tho Benevolent Society will hold thoir "postponed meeting on Monday, May !i, at !!.HQ p.m,,
at tho homo of Mm. Suddaby.
The percentage of votes In favor of
the by-laws for expenditures on the
School addition (No. 128), School
equipment (No. 129) and, Storehouse
(No. 130) were respectively 95 per
cent, 85 per cent, and Go por cent.
In connection with tho cloaa-up day
a special meotlng will be held in the
City Hall on Monday night of all thoso
Interested, Tho Board of Trade aro
co-operating with the City Council to-
wards somo systematic plan of accomplishing this work. The meeting will
commence at 8 o'clock.
Mr. Wm. Commons was taken to
the hospital on Sunday last suffering
from an attack of pneumonia.
Copies ot tho Health By-Law for the
carrying out of which, It la presumed,
tlio citizens will bo aulcotl to devote
their energies on MnySth, have beon
distributed through out tho town. A
civic holiday Is to bo proclaimed on
tlmt date
A business mooting of the Socialist
Party will be hold In the basement of
tho Minors' Hall on Sunday ovonlng,
commencing at 7.30. All membors
are desired to be present as cortaln
offlcors have to bo appointed. Also
bear In rnlnd that Monday next Is the
anniversary of the birth of Karl
Marx.
Mrs. McDicken bogs tq thank tho
members of tlio OladHlono Local, tho
Ancient Ordor of KoroRtonv tho Army
comrades, anil other friends for thoir
lokoriH of klnilnoHH and sympathy during hor rocont lieroavomont.
Pnt Connolly, henvywolght champion wri'Htler of (ilront Britain, and who
has defeated all comers during tlio
Inst twelve months, will uliortly bo
starting cIiibhob In Ingram's gymnn-
Nlum for those IntoroBlod In boxing,
wrestling and ho forth. Pat, who defeated John Rnrg for tlio light heavy-
""•fght chn*mj|l"Ti<<iifj» t*T fm wArlrf,
undnrtnUnR tn throw any Rlx men In
thin district, within tV) minutes or forfeit |200, catch-na-catch-can.
The Ladies Guild of Christ Church
wil hold a delicatessen sale in the
basement of tho church on Saturday,
May :t, at MO.,. Tlio Indies aro. making 'a groat effort to havo tlio huso-
mont vory attractive, Thoro will bo
sovoral special foaturos In collection
with tho sale and among others thoro
Ih to bo a "Whlto Kleplmnt" table;
SCHOOL BOARD
A meeting of the school board was
hold on Monday at which the regular
salaries and accounts wore passed for
payment. The resignation of Miss
Mlddleton was accopted, and the application for an Increase of salary ior
Miss Faulkner was laid over until the
ond of tho term.
Tho monthly meeting of the Ladies'
Aid of the Methodist Church will be
held at the home of Mrs. H. A. Wilkes
on Tuesday, May 6, from 3 to 6 p.m.
THE 1818 THEATRE
CITY COUNCIL
At the last mooting of tho City
Fathers tho CUy Engineer was authorised to fix up tho Nsiirvolr and
havo fence put around samo, A communication received from the Salvation Army was tabled, and tho advice
ot the Daughter)* of thn Kinplra an to
tbo observance of the Health By-laws
nnd the placing of rnccptaclea in the
streets for rubbish wan favorably con-
ntdered. Various by-laws wero con-
tldercd Including one dealing with
Dog Licences, Tho City Clerk waa
Instructed to wire brokers giving an
option ou tbo }30*M0 debenture* bf
the eJty.
Mnnngor Miller presents tho following program of pictures nt liis well-
known thentro on Victoria Avonuo for
Friday and Saturday,
Two reel foaturo of military and
Indian nntiiro entitled "Big Hocks
Lnst Rtnnd," Tho Thnnhousor "kid-
lot" wli bo. shown In "Big Slater," und
tho comodloH are "Calamity Ann'H
Inhorltanco," and "Overcoats." A
comedy uruiiiu. ot niioiuuc at ' iiiu
Viuf] SU'Viiiolha;' uu*. Ibe j,*t,.j,-u3;i.r
Animated Weekly will also bo Inelu-
Ami In tlio program.
Tho Lawrence strlko could not have
boon won had not tho workers of America given financial Biipport to the
strikers (luring thoir fierce struggle.
Tho financial support was given ns
follows: $60,000 liy the Socialists,
$18,000 by tho local unions affiliated
with tho A.P. of L, and $7,000 by
the I.W.W.' The I.W.W, claim that
thoy won the victory. What did thoy
do? Thoy did vnpt furnish the money
nor tho publicity, It seoms that their
chief aid was to Bond a lot of cheap
organizers'■'thoro "to help oat up what
was sont by sympathizers and thon
go around bragging about what "thoy"
had accompllBliod. Thoro Is an old
story about the old woman, killing tho
boar and tlio man who was treod
climbed down nnd said, "Wo did It."
Not bo with tho I.W.W, Thoy aro
not thnt gonormiB. Thoy lot tho Socialists and the A.F. of L. furntah
tho slnows of war and llion thoy go
all ovor tho country saying that tho
Soclnllst party Is a reactionary inncli-
luo and the A.F. of L. Ib a tool of
thc lnbor exploiters and point with
prldo to whnt "I.W.W. did at Law-
rnnco." When will tho workers realize thnt It Is not n question of who or
by what moans—It ls tho ond. Funds
do not always count; a llttlo zoal and
a llttlo enthusiasm often mean victory.
Surely It Is timo we quit squabbling
about such potty frivolities.
The fourteenth congress of the Socialists of Denmark, held at Copenhagen recently, denounced Syndicalism and declared that adhesion to a
syndicalist organization ls not consistent with membership In tho Socialist pnrty.
Tho Danish Socialists havo had
some experience with syndicalists and
know that their propaganda ls but the
freakish lunacy of fanatics, suffering
from Intellectual barrenness or mental
sterility.
PICKPOCKETS SENT FOR
TRIAL FOR GOLD THEFT
Assisted Man at Calgary Depot, Incidentally Taking $65 from His
Hip  Pocket
THE MAY DAY SPORTS
Owing (0 tho Inclemency of the
weather It was found necessary to
cancel tho demonstration that was to
havo bonn held ln Lethbridge on May
1. It Is, however, suggested that the
postponed sports tako place at lethbridge on July 1, when It Is hoped that
Kugenw V. Debs will bn able to speak
for the occasion. This win give
ample time to make the necessary arrangements nnd should result in a
malty successful celebration and over-
ri ftdow the disappointment of those
who had looked forward io tbe May
Day celebration.
JOHN MITCHELL
John Mitchell, who formerly was International president ot the United
Mino Workers of America, has told
Governor Snlzor of Now York that ho
will tako the place aa head of tho
stato dopartmont of labor. Tho word
has gono out from Tammany Hall that
John Mitchell's namo shall not be confirmed under any circumstances. It
was for this place that Charles F,
Murphy wanted The MoMnnus, Tho
govornor didn't tako kindly to tho suggestion, Tammany thinks that John
Mitchell is not built on Tammany
linos nnd that ho Is too closo for comfort to Thoodoro Roosevelt. Govornor Sulzor bollevos that MltchoH's namo
will win labor Domd/crnls from Tnm-
mnny If war comes over his appointment. Tho govornor thinks that political slaughter awaits tho senators
who fight Mitchell's namo.
CALGARY, April 28.—Two alleged
well-known, train-robbers, hotel marauders, and hold-ups generally, appeared before tho South Sido bench
this morning on tho charge of having
stolen $65 In U.S.A. gold coin from
a C.P.R. passenger during tho night
of Wednesday last., Through smart
work on tho part of the C.P.R. special pollco, and tho co-operation of tho
South Side police, tho capture was
effected,
Tho plaintiff, L, Aamott, a German
who spoke in fairly good English at a
rapid rate, was busy assisting a lady
with throe children at the Calgary do-
pot, although at tho snmo timo heavily burdened with throe valises and two
guns. Tho prisoners, Jamos Martin
and Benjamin Clark, It ls alleged, later
attempted to "assist" tho plaintiff, by
pushing him up the stepB at tho en
trance of a first class car, at the same
time slipping a hand in a hip pocket ot
Aamott and extracting therefrom the
gold In a purse.
Tho money was missed early, and a
complaint was at onco laid by the train
conductor, who called in th«i assistance
of Chief Police Inspector Grlorson, of
the C.P.R. Ho cleverly found out the
mon, and quietly had them Identified
by the plaintiff and a friond of his who
had also setan tho prisoners earlier on
tho trip.
Inspector Grlorson having to leavo
tho train at Rod Deer with the rocont
dynamlto caso, gave Instructions to
tho conductor, and wired an assistant
at Edmonton South, with the result
that Clark wns arrested on tho train,
while Martin was arrested In tho station. Both the men were searched,
and upon thoir persons wero found
tho coins as described by Aamott,
which ho clonrly remembered a» bolng one especially bright coin, while
tho others were dull whon he took
thorn out of tho People's bank at
Soattlo.
Inspector Grlorson, whon bolng ex
amined by H. C. Boyd, who appeared
for the defendants, declared 'hat he
was first attracted by tbe men when
they were standing upon the depot
platform nt Calgary. Asked why they
should attract his attention, he replied: "Because »pf their suspicious
appearance."
"Well." asked Mr. Boyd, "what Is
thero about their appearanco thi; is
suspicious? I do not soo anything that
looks suspicious,"
"No doubt you do not," replied the
Inspector, "but that Ib my business."
Magistrate Downos committed tho
prisoners for trial at the first sitting
of a competent court. An application was made for ball, but It was
ruled thnt bolng taken to a superior
court application would havoUo bo
mado to Judge Walsh.   *     '
II. H.' Hyndman appoared tor tho
prosecution on behalf of tho O.P.R.
Political Bobs—Want a Job, oh?
Aro you ono of tho men thnt voted
for Mr. ?
Appllcnnt-Ono?     Why, I'm three
of thorn.
IN  MEMORIAM
In loving momory of Peter Winston-
Joy, who was killed May *X 1012,
We often think oi' days gone by,
Whon we were all together!
A shadow o'er our Uvea is cast,
A son gono forever,
Wa never knew tho pain he bore,
We never e»w him die;
We only knew he passed away,
And could not tay goodbye.
V.
However long ©or Uvei miy Uit,
Whatever Und we view,
Whatever tHef or Joy there be,
Till death wo think of you.
Tsota Mother, Staters and Brothers.
Fernie, B.C,
A well known shipper, Introducing n
now brand of chnmpngno, mot Charles
Hawtroy at the club luncheon tablo.
"You aro so well known Mr. Hawtroy," ho said, "and your opinion carries such weight, that you would bo
doing mo a great favor If, whon ordering chnmpngno, yon would ask for my
"ftartftlnly," snid Mr. Hawtroy, "I'd
bo dollghted to do so,"
Tho shipper was profuse In his
thanks, "Not at all," said Hawtroy,
"but, I say, old chap, how Jolly awk-
ward for m* If thev should have It!"
—London Opinion,
s
Isis Theatre
BEST ALWAYS
FftlDAY AND 8ATURDAY EVENING, SATURDAY MATINEE
PROGRAM
In the sixth grade at Irving school
tho teacher was questioning a boy
about Napoleon's disastrous Invasion
of Russia and tbe subsequent retreat
from Moscow.
"What did the French do Uienr th*
eaked.
"They ran away,* sold the- boy.
"Yes, that ie what Ut*T il&T mM
the teacher, " but 'an away' Is hardly
the correct phraao to uie, What
should you have saldf"
"They bett 111" be «m>1*IbmmI (.rowJ-
ly.~~K*nsa» City star.
BIG ROCK'S LAST STAND
101 BISON ,
tTOj,f?r,j!,"p  Mtllttir" and Tr.*2!r.3 Fen
hire,   Two rccla
CALAMITY ANN'S INHERITANCE
American comedy,  A farcodrama
featuring thnt .peeress of character
i^v-t., i+iXti,is lunaitt, hiiU *i'H»3» v-uii*
a good laugh,
ii
Over-Coats
Solox comedy.  Contusion end troubled moments result from a mix-up
of ovormatn.
I
THE CRUEL STEPMOTHER
Imp comedy-drama with children In
11,,     1,.„ ,1 Ir,9,    v,**,**}*      r*l r.r.fnttllM**'    -n't-in
***,,»*u    ii. ****,*.a    ,.,.1..,     ,-,.t...
jji'l up Wd an they tYicmjjM.
Biff Sistor
Thanhouser with tho "Thnniouser
Kldlot" much In evidonco.
Animated Weekly
Eventu from ill the world.
Join the happy crow
Why does the 1318 please - Because we know what
the people want and do our best to supply It-Nuf Oed

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