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The District Ledger 1913-05-10

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lndaj»ti\ai ttoity is Strength.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
No. 38, Vol. VI.
Political Unity is Victory.
fl.OO  A  YEAR.
To the Members of District No.
U. M. W. of A.
To the Officers and Members,of District 18, U. M. W. of A.:
My action in resigning from the
office of President of District 18 on
May 1st may have come in the nature
of a surprise to the membership generally, particularly in view of the numerous statements made by the self-
appointed guardians of our members,
as io~ our. continuing to hold office for the sake of office, and
as to our ignoring the wishes of the
membership for our own personal
benefit. My action in resigning can
be easily explained when we take into
, consideratlo nthe fact that I have repeatedly promised that a full explanation of my actions would be given to
the membership; that my time could
not be given to this explanation while
having to perform the duties of Presl-,
dent; that it would remove from consideration in such controversy as may
arise any idea that I waB actuated by
my desire to hold down what some
of our members seem to view as a
very desirable position, and that it
will give our members an opportunity
to express themselves on the matter
without having to go through the constitutional formula for recall, and will
obviate the necessity for those who,
while prating of principles, have not
the moral courage to officially ally
themselves with the party representing the principles they profess to
make charges of "Malfesance iii office" (Art. 6. Sec. 4, District Constitution) and which it would be lm-
I possible to prove.
On this occasion it Is my Intention
to deal specifically with the statements and charges that have been
made through the press and by resolution, to point out to our members
, what actually did happen, and having
removed such. superfluous matter as
has been made the basis for all the
to bear, to deal with, the policy of the
organization as affected by my actions
in the .Lethbridge constituency.
I should first refer to tho District
Ledger, March 29th, In which wo find
"Jones and Powell Nominated by Labor, Endorsed by Liberals, aro Opposing Knight and O'Brien, Socialists,"
and below this caption tha following:
'Recognizing thnt the laboring class-*
es can, if they so desire control the
voto In certain districts, it would appear that tho Sifton gang had beon
tampering with the trade union movement of the province to ensure the
domination of tho Liberal Party,
From Calgary, news comes of an at-
tompt to railroad a Labor representative on tho electors, but the Socialist
element have beon sufficiently wide
awake to throw tho limelight oh the
SIMILAR TACTICS ARK IN EVIDENCE, but hero ngain wo seo a determination on tho part of tho en-
Ilghtonod working class to discourage
In making those statements "the
editor of tho Ledger know; full well
that Jones had been nominated by, tho
Convontlon of .Trado Unionists called
by tlu Lethbridge Trades and Labor
Council ni)d had later been endorsed
by tho Liberal Convention, and that
Powell hid NOT boon nominated by
nny labor body but had been put In
tho flold by the Liberal Party, Thoso
statements wero mado also In splto
of the fnct that I advlsod the odltor
by wire to be guarded In his statements as to tho Lethbridge situation
until I Bhluld soo htm, and had ho not
mado tho attack on tho District Offlcors which ho did, tho fact In connection, with tho matter would, havo
boon placed beforo our members at
that time. My reason for wiring him
at that time was because I roallzod
that his propensity for vilifying the
District Officers would assort Itself
on any occasion that offered possibilities, and that ho would take full
advantage bf such a situation as would
prosont Itself In a fight of that kind.
In this mattor the facts are too np-
parent to roqulro any comment by myself, hut I should point out that It was
reported to me some time ago that
this individual publicly stated that It
was his Intention to keep tho members of this Executive Board fighting
among themselves as to the District
Ledger In ordor that ho may have no
fearn as to hia own Job, and I am persuaded tho moro to accept this statement .whon I consider what his actions
have been at tho last two District
Conventions, his actions In connection WIUI IHO lilnJ*l*H<t't*-i*l aii,ttii Ai
'Uio Lcfljjcr, np wrtt nc lil* VnnltMrmn nl
temple to poison tbo winds of many
of our members In his Journeying!
through the camps, presumably to get
ads. There Is an old French adage
that tf one throws enough mud, some
ot it win surely stick, snfl there nre J
none of us but are prone to become
poisoned by slanderous stories if they
are sufficiently persisted In. That he
has at least partly succeeded ts evidenced by the present controversy,
and by the avidity with which some
of out members swallowed the story
that the Ledgur had been "ourtft*!-"
Iu thia aaaccUou we might duo cou-
alder the actions of Board Member
flray which can be recorded by a*
statement of plain facts, without unnecessary comment from myself.
In bit report of tho Frank m**tlng
tn tho Ledger of April Itb, he eays:
"To  ttftk*  Me   ilk*   VttMtoit)
statement more plain he said he
wanted a decision given by this
Board to know where he stood as regards the conduct of the Ledger, and
If he had power to instruct what had
to be or had not to be published in our
paper. He insisted that he should
have full control or nothing at all to
do with it. At this point a resolution
that he be given full power to instruct the editor on what should be
published and what should not' be,
published was moved by Board' Member Burke and seconded by Board
Member Larson, voted upon by the
same three as the former motion,
Burke, Larson and Carter. Thachuk
and Gray refrained from voting."
Many of the resolutions in connect-
tion with the Ledger have been based
upon this statement, and I would ask
the members of such LGcals as have
taken action in this matter to consider, carefully what are the facts.
• At the Frank meeting I asked the
Executive Board if my responsibilities and powers extended to the District Ledger, and in giving my reasons for asking such question, pointed
out that I had wired certain very
moderate instructions to the editor
which he had with full knowledge
ignored, and that as a result of his
slanderous statements affecting •> the
officers of the District, I would refuse to go on further without knowing what was my position inJthe matter. A definite point in the matter
was repeatedly stated by myself for
the special benefit of Board Member
Gray, that I was at that time laying
no charges against the editor, but that
I desired to know if my position was
to be modified by the Board ,in any
way. ' On being asked for'my interpretation of the Constitution I pointed
out that the interpretation put upon
It by the International and District
-Unions-wasrthat—in—the—interim -of-
Board Meetings, the President, as- the
executive head of the organization,
had to use the executive powers vested in the Board, subject always to revision, endorsatlon or reversal by the
Board, that this was the position I
had previously taken In lino with such
interpretation, and that if. I was
wrong in the matter I wished the
Executive Board to record the fact.,
In this matter the official record
is as follows:
"Moved Burke, seconded Larson,
"That discussion cease,"
Add to this the following written
statement submitted to tlio Executive
Board at its meeting on May lst, and
I think it should bo clear to the most
biased Individual that most of our
members have been mislead by false
statements into making such statements as they have In regard to tho
Lodger. This I would particularly
commend to tho Michel and Hosmer
"Owing to It being the wish of the
Board that I should correct a statement which I made In the Ledger regarding a vote taken at the Frank
Board Meeting on giving President.
8tubbs full power over the Ledger,
It would appear to me that I was mistaken as they Inform me that the vote
was to finish discussion, .
It would appear to me that I may
have been mistaken, seeing that the
Board are of the same opinion.
(Signed)"J.' W. GRAY
Loi; mo now state dearly ths action
taken by myself with tho Editor of
the Ledger and my reasons therefore
On receiving tho Lodger for March
20th wo wore greeted by such statements as I havo nlroady quoted from
tho front page, and by the editorials
In that and other Issues slnco that
time, the lnttor, howovor, not bolng
written by tho occupant of tho editorial chair (but by a person who Is In
no way conectod with tho organisation excepting as his meal ticket may
bo affoctod by tho writing of such
editorials, or who for his own political
(Contlnuod on Pago A)-..
TORONTO, May 7.—Three hundred
and seventy members of the Moulders* Union in this city went on strike
this morning. They demand an increase of 50 cents a day. They are
now getting $3.10 for nine hours.
Majority of Strikers on Kettle Valley
Railway Leave District—Indus-   ,
trial Workers Active
PENTICTON, B.C., May 7.—Two
thousand men have quit work along
the line of the Kettle Valley railway,
according to a report given-.out by a
Mr. Brandt, a contractor, who has a
sub-contract for seven miles and employed 300 men. Brandt figures that
1,000 men = are out between here and
Kelowna, and while he is not familiar
with the situation he is of the opinion
that the number of men east of Kelowna is about the same.
The majority of the men have left
the district. The meh demand $3 per
day for common laborers.
The contractors claim the Industrial
Workera of the World are behind the
Case of Car Stealing
At Coal Creek
(Owing to the re-arrangement of
management of Ledger we regret that
the full details of this case were not
published last week, hdwever, we hasten to make amends and give details as
supplied by your checkweighmen.;
Many complains having been received by checkweighmenf that cars of
coal were being. misled by the diggers, a trap was set, and as a consequence John Gellio, a' Slavonian was
arrested and brought: beforo Stipen-
dary Magistrate Alexander at the Provincial Court on the: 28th ult„ and
after a lengthy hearing was found
guilty. At this stage, however, a very
peculiar state of affairs was disclosed
—viz., that the jails were full (!) and
the magistrate, as an alternative imposed a fine of $15 aiid costs, the latter amounting to fll50.
This individual may congratulate
himself, for we cannot imagine a
meaner or more contemptible offence
than that of one digger stealing another's cars, and if there is one then
we do not think it should be optional
for the magistrate to impose a fine.
For our part we fail!' tp sep any dif
ference between this method of robbery and that of holding a man up aud
taking his pay envelope, and if there
is are inclined to believe it must be
in name only. ,,
Our informant supplies the following: The checkweighmen are nominated at a diggers' meeting! and only
diggers are allowed to vote, so this
matter does not concern the Local
Union at all.
A special train was requisitioned to
convey John Hill, a miner employed
in No. 1 East mine, who had sustained a broken leg whilst following his
employment on Saturday morning.
Later the ambulance was called to
meet the train to convey James
Eckersby to hospital for treatment of
a bruised leg, sustained while following his employment on the tipple as
car coupler.
On Monday an Italian by name of
Bellagambl had his leg broken while
following his employment as miner in
No. 1 North. Later in the day George
Smith, employed on Company work In
No. 1 East, received injuries to the
head which necessitated medical attention. We are pleased to state that
all the Injured are progressing favorably.
To the Members of District No. 18
U. M. W. of A.
Culshaw vs. Crows
Nest Pass Coal Co
Findings and Decision of Arbitrator
Herewith will be found decision of
arbitrator in above case. While the
case went against applicant it will, in
all probability, be appealed by the
District/,-therefore we refrain from
comment. The facts in connection
with the accident are still fresh, no
taking place as it did on the occasion
cf the late David Paton's funeral, Jan.
This is an application for compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act made by Frances Culshaw,
.videv. of Joseph Cuisfcaw, on behalf
of herself and her infant child,
I am satisfied on the question of
dependency and there is but one point
to consider: did the accident arise
out of ami in the course of the deceased's employment?
The deceased was employed by the
Respondent Company as aFan-iiinn
at Coal Creek. Near whero the do-
ceased worked was a shod erected for
tho protection of tho workmen in cold
weather. A snowslide caine clown the
mountain, smashing the shelter shod
where the deceased then was, and
killing him. Had the snow slide been
occasioned by normal causes thoro Is
no doubt but that 1 could nssumo and
would assume that tho deceased came
to his death by accident arising out
of and In the courso of "his employment, Grant v.'Glasgow nnd South
Western Railway Co.: 1 B.W.C. 17,
Evidence was given, however, by the
witness John 'Shanks, Superintendent*
of Mines at Coal Creek, that tho snow
slides tn that Immediate neighborhood wero caused by thaws occasioned by chlnook winds ln tho spring,
and that tho only ono that ho had over
witnessed, in March, 1912, was occasioned by those causes; and that it
followed tho course of tho gulch or
ravlno at least twenty or thirty feet
to thc loft of the sholter. This snow
slide, tho one in question herein, lie
says, occurred In cold'weather with
tho thermometer nt zero and wan occasioned by a high wind knocking
down dead standing Umber, which
commonced to roll and carried soft
snow, thus occasioning the slide, Ho
Bitys that tho alienor was In a sheltered position as far as snow slides
woro concerned, that It was not at
a point whero an ordinary snow slide
would occur and that ho considered
It to bo In a safo position for a reas
onable man forking there under ordinary circumstances, and that it was
never considered as a dangerous point
in regard to snow slides. Mr. Wilson
therefore contends ou behalf of the
Respondent 0ompany that while the
accident niajft have .arisen "in the
course of" tlwj". deceased's employment
it did not arise "but of" the,employ-
in ont=or-=in=otlier words* that It \vas=
not a risk incidental to the employment.
There is no doubt that had' the shelter been in such position that in the
ordinary course of events had a snow
slide occurred there would be danger
of It being swept away, the applicant
would be entitled to recover. ' Andrew
v. Failsworth Industrial Society: T3
L.J.K.B. 510. To' quote tlie learned
County Court Judge: "It was said on
behalf of tho'employers that the accident must arise out of the work which
the man was dolus, and that if there
Is no connection betwoen the work and
tho accident, then it does not arise
out of the employment." I am bound
to say that-1 cannot agree with that,
Though It may not be connected with
or have any relation to the work the
man was doing, yet if In point of fact
the position in wliich'tho man'was
doing the work, and the place lie
must necessarily occupy whilst doing
tho work, are a position and place of
danger which caused the accident, it
may fairly, bo said, that It. arose out
of the employment, not because of tho
work, but. because of the position."
Ruegg (8th edition p. 338) says: "The
question has arisen, could an operation of tlio* laws of nature—as earthquake, flood, lightning, or extraordinary tempest—occasioning personal
Injury to a workman whilst engaged
In his. employment, he said to bo 'nc-
cldonVarising out of and In tho course
of tho employment?' We think not. It
may bo granted that but for tho fact ot
his being ongnged In tho employment
at the timo, the accldont would not
have happened to him. In this senso it
may be said to havo happened to him
In the courso of his employment. But
lu what fair sense could It bo held
to have' nrlson out ef the employment?
Tho employment mny have been a
causo sine qua non, but wo do not
think It could bo regarded ovon as an
effectlvo causo of tho accldont." In
Kolly vs. Kerry County Council: 1 Tl.
W.C. 194, a workm/in engaged on a
road during a thunderstorm was
struck dead by lightning; it was hold
that ho was not exposed to a peculiar
risk of being struck by lightning from
his  employment  and   therefore  tho
application was dismissed. In Warner
vs. Couchman, (80 L.J.K.B, 526) it
was held that a journeyman baker,
whilst engaged in business of distributing his master's wares in severe
weather sustained a frost bite in his
hand and arm. It was there held that
as there was no peculiar danger from
cold incurred by the man beyond that
ing out of doors incurred he could not
recover. Mr. McNeil for tlie applicant has cited Andrew vs. Failsworth
Industrial Society (ubi sup), but as I
have before pointed out, in this case
it was found that the man was subjected to more than an ordinary risk
of being struck. He cites Morgan vs.
Owners of S.S. Zenaida- (2 B.W.C. 19.J
In this case the applicant ran-a-greater risk on account'of his particular
employment, namely in painting- the
sides of a ship where the reflection of
tho heat was greater than It would
havo been oh the deck, He lay special
stress on the case of Davis vs, Gillespie (5 B.W.C. 6-1.) In that case it
was found that tho employment of the
applicant involved special exposure,
The most recent authority on this
point Is MltchliiBon vs. Day Bros. (S2
L.J.K.B. 121.) Tho deceased, a cart-
er, bolng in charge of his master's
liorfjo warned a mnn who was nearby
undor the influence of liquor, and who
was Inlorfering with one of the horses,
to keep away as tho horse might hurt
him. This man turned 'around and
struck the deceased In such a manlier
as to kill him, Every action of the
deceased was to protect his master's
property. It was hold that tho" accident did not arise out of the employment, the rlHk not being especially
connected or Incidental to tho employment of- a carter. Tlio question
boforo mo and upon which tlio wholo
caso. turns Is: Was tlm shelter* In
which tho man stood and whoro ho
had a perfect right to bo at the timo,
In tho courso of his employment, so
situated that persons standing therein ran a peculiar risk from snow
slldos? I would hold If tlu* matter
woro boforo mo for a final hoarlng
that persons within tho'sholter ran no
special risk from aii ordinary snow
slide; and that the accident was
caused by a snow slide occasioned by
abnormal conditions of woathor, and
I would therefore dismiss the application, following Warner vs. Coiichmnn
and Mltchlnson vs. Day Bros.
Should tho applicant doslro, 1 will
grant' hor a stntod caso,
29th April,'1913. Arbitrator.
To tho Officers and Members of District 18, United Mine Workers of
I wish to make my case as clear as
possible to our membership by explaining the situation in plain, everyday language and then they can judge
for themselves who Is right and who
Is wrong.
We have held another Board meeting at Lethbridge, where Stubbs
brought charges against me. He is,
I believe, going to write his side of
the story, too.
One charge is that of making certain a statement to Michel Local,Union which I totally deny. Whilst
the resolution from Michel Local states tlier was a motion passed at the
Board Meeting at Frank that the
Board endorsed the action of Vice-
President Jones, I have no doubt,the
members present at the Michel meeting will remember the words I used
and emphasized, namely, "Bear in
mind there is no endorsatlon of Jones'
action by the Board, but simply a
leave pf absence for 18 days.". Let
me make it clear what I sized this up
to mean. Although they did not
say they endorsed Jones' action in so
many words, still so far as tbe membership is concerned why was this
leave of absence granted at this particular time is the question?
I have signed a document denying
that I said the Board endorsed Jones'
action; just why certain members of
the Board are so anxious to have me
sign documents, I don't know, seeing
that I told them that I was going to
make my statements - through the
Ledger. It looks to me as if*the.officers are fighting their case on technicalities only, thinking that as our
members are not trained in- legal
tricks that they'll get all mixed up so
that they'll not know really where
,th.ey_stand *■*,- ——
■ No they did not ENDORSE Jones'
action directly in words, but as men
of common sense and not hair-splitting lawyers, wo know that the leave
of absence was so that Jones should
run as a Llb.-Lab. candidate. This
was the way: I sized it up and my motion to suspend shows that too.
In tho, action of Stubbs and  Carter  during .the  Lethbridge * election
didn't show just which way the wind I
blew I'd liko to know what would.
Stubbs switched over his convictions (?) of years in a flying somersault and played tho political gamo
for all it was worth with thoso that ho
has lambasted times without number,
ancl Carter—well! ho fired tho bullets
tho other mado for him. By the way,
lead type is good for making lmllots,
perhaps that's tho roason of tlio disappearance fro mtho Ledger Office.
I'll acknowledge freely that I'm not
strong on tho logal dope, but honestly
think that Stubbs doos realize that
ho's mado a bad break In playing Iho
political mountebank, nnd Is now trying to'.squlrm out of, a bad hole by
his .grnmaphono orations which may
tlcklo the cars of tho onlookers, but
I don't think It "will convinco thorn |
that ho has not beon Insincere,
The next charge-Is in connection
with ox-Prosldont Stubbs having control of the Lodger. I stated that
thore wns a motion mado by Burko
(Bnllovuf.) nnd seconded by Larson, to
glvo power to Stubbs, this tho momm-
bcrH told mo that It was to ceaso discussion, To couso .discussion of what
Is the puzzlo to mo. If tho question
of giving powor to Stubbs was not under consideration how does It como
that Stubbs mild that If hn had boon
noar Norwloh whon ho mndn tho statement about tho Sifton Govornmont
having got hold of tlio Trado Union
movement (Stubbs said that It was
"trade union officials" but that was
not what npponred In the Ledger) ho
would havo fired him on tho spot. If
ho did not consider that lm hud thn
powor to discharge how could ho expect to carry out tho threat?
That Stubbs Is clover I'm qultn will-
ni? to admit, especially whon It comes
tn language twisting, ho can talk tuul
Situation on the
Island Unchanged
Many Noa-Uuion Meu Quitting
Cumberland and Ladysmith—
Everything Tied Up
Nanaimo, B.C. May 8.
"Editor, District Ledosr, Farnle, B.C. ,,
"Island situation unchanged. All mines tied up completely. Companies
attempted development work at the shafts. Wa eatled all men to quit
and they respondid. Membership ef tha Island three thousand. International allotted fifteen thousand par wtak to Island. Scabs quitting fast
at Cumberland and Ladysmith.  Real aetata sharks eraiy*—Rebert Fester."
WHBKLLSa, W.Vn., .May 7.—Two
thousand miners employed by tho Lorain Conl and Dock Company, at Drldg-
port, Ohio, struck today following a
mass meeting last night. Four mines
of tho company aro affected.
ine men ommm pay lor roil cut-
tinn." (ot Hfti'wi'i iimi. lii.**. rco-elted
nothing heretofore.
Officials of tho Ohio Mine Workers
Union and representatives of the op-
erators arrived horo today. Operators
fenr tho utrllm mnv unread tn nttter
mines In the district.
Four Hundred
Men Discharged
Big Pulp Mill Will Noi Be Operated-
Lumber Mill Also Closes Down
Situation On liland Unchanged
Tho tltmtloit on Vitnconror Island
la unchanged; thare have been several promising development*, and aa
the B)«eaajre from Pre*. Foster Indicate*, many of the generous workera
who took the places of the atriktng
miner* at Cumberland and Ladrsnlth
\un lotatag tho atrtfcera.    Tho com
pany's threats about closing down
Ana* nut ***m to h/ira winch atfitri,
and while tbey may blulT a great deal,
tha recent development* must have
plably shows tb*m that onlonUo la
not dead and that the U. M. W. of A.
can endure an eight months' strike
and atffl come through is grand fight-
fne trim.
R,   Hembrow  vs.   Roby
Compensation Case
Wif* to hand from Cosel stating the
Court of Appeal h*« glmi Its decision. Tlh« Hembrow case went in
favor of the Coal Company, and the
Roby Case in favor of tha dependants.
foil lartlra'STt till hpptmr In next
VANCOUVER,  BC., Mny C.-Just
begin operations tho Ocean Falls company closed down Its entire plant,
and discharged 100 of Its employeos.
One hundred and fifty of tho employees havo reached Vancouver. Only
a staff of 25 men was kept at Ocean
Path, mt then-? ar« engager? tn covering the machines with an anti-rust*
Inff prflparoMrtn, ortiftlni, protwtlnn
work for the outside plant and otherwise preparing for a long shut down.
The decision to close down thn plant
was made last week upon the receipt tn England of news that certain
of the creditors of the company had
[CaaUtuteJ proccedta***  to   Invalldat*
tho debenture Ibhii-o of tho company,
»,,».,ill""  *■* nun tinn
* >.*,»,,  *,*>«*•.
talk—-well—that's all right enough,
but in face of his own often told
stories about both old parties and the
resolution "at the Lethbridge convention he cannot coihe out boldly and
say that all that he has said in the
past is froth and that he has had a
complete chnge of heart in the two
months time.
Stubbs has resigned, but how about
the other two? It looks as if they
were hanging on to his coat-tails. Why
don't,they resign also? Carter says
that he is sure that 60 per cent to 70
per cent are in favor; if he honestly
thinks this why not get out with
Clem? Is it tbat tbe expense to the
District does not cut any ice when his
pocket  book might  suffer?
To tell the members just how I feel
in my own blunt way on the platform
suits me a whole lot better than writing, as I'm not much of a scribe at
the same time I've sufficient belief
in my own honest of purpose to say
this much, that whenever I've appeared before the members they have
shown by their actions who has their
confidence and what's more I'm quite
willing at any time to meet Stubbs
Jones and Carter before the different
locals and thrash it out
Burke tells us that he has fought
with Stubbs in private about this affair, but we have seen no sign of it on
the outBide. He (Burke) says that
none of those who are opposing
Stubbs are fit to tie his shoe strings.
When a man gets the tin-god idea
into his head it's a bad sign sure en--
There is still another charge, that
cf divulging executive business to
non-members., I would like to ox-
plain what took place. After I. had
drafted the letter which appeared in
the Ledger and had made up my mind
to hav« it published, I showed it one
-that—i—believe-the"mnjority~of oui
members will readily agree with me
a3-being one of the best friends of the
labor movement in this district, Mr. J.
W. Bennett. What there was in that
letter of an executive nature, and
seeing that there was a parliamentary
election taking place, concerning
which I hold tho Board of District 18
had no right to bo called together to
dlqjuss.Jo me the charge is without
The information supplied to the
Western Clarion by Mr. Bennett is
simply tho attitude of tho Exccutivo
Board towards tho candidature of
Vice-President Jones, and I consider
Interests not only our membership but
organized labor at largo. Therefore,
I linvo no apology to mako and nm
!still convinced that I did.tho right
I have boon charged on several occasions with having my personal Interests In view, viz,, one of tho official positions of tho District, Thoro
aro momhors both in my own looal
and among tho District offlcors, who
havo mado thoso charges, Lot mo
I clear their minds onco and for nil by
' lolling thorn thnt I havo no Intention
whatovor. of accoptlng any other offlco thnn that I already hold, nnd tho
moment any ono of tho three largo
locnls In my sub-district asks mo to
roslgn my position as their Board
Monlbor I nm willing to do so without
any constitutional technicalities, Howovor, so long as I retain their confidence nnd In in Hiiro of thorn standing
at my back I'll fight this mattor to a
Thlfl Is a statement of my position
nnd you will also havo Stubbs' position placed hoforn you. I ask no
favors and ask you to give none,
Why I'vo taken tho position I lmvo
Im for this roason, At our convontlon In February thoro was a motion
passed "advising" our membership to
endorse tho plntform of tho Socialist
party on tho political field, TIiIh wiih
not objected to by any of tho delegates nor was thoro ono single vote
against It as far as t romombor, In
fact of this I fall to seo whom our
officers can Justify thomHolvfis lu sup-
pcrtlng u cnnillilatti opposing n work-
liif claBH r-pprcscntatlvn on this very
plntform thoy wero advised to encourage our membership to support, this
In ho short a time after, too.
To my nilml thnso offlwim luivn
mndn political mountebanks of them-
solves and for which Stubbs 1ak«>H fill!
responsibility.' Why lw should ns-
sign nud the othi-r two retain office
pondhtg thu recall booIiik that tliey
ncVnowlndpn   Hw-vVn   nil   In   Hit*   "-,."*.
boat Rots mo. and If they w«ro tho
KtJiUteiucii thoy profess to bu nml
worklriK with only one aim, the benefit of tho org\i>Sy.;itlon th*r would
have glvnn tho membership the chance
to declare themselves without ull of
Uitu    U»H»ffll->>.    /*!*■■•    »■-«   •■'■     *••' ■•
at Ocean Kails has been In operation
for a year or more, but tho largo pulp
mill had only Just boon placed In running shape, and was ready to start
Tho action of tbe debenturo holders
fn preparing thc plant to reals! Ift
Jury la taken to mean that thore Is
IIHV> hop* of th# plant Parting up
again until all of tbe litigation aroused ov*r the proposal to reorganlie
is settl-ftd, This may occupy a year or
more, unless the objecting minority
creditors fall into line with the majority and accept the company'* offer
nt B<5tttcm*otttL
nro so plain to bu seen at thl* time.
Asking that our membership will
cnrcfuly consider tho case presented
by both sides, and having confidence
In the good Judgment of our members
to the best Intt-resta of our orgonlta-
I am, yours fraternally,
3. W, CRAY.
LONDON, May 3.—The strike of
the miner* In Wales, which began
yeftorday was a protest against tho
employment In tbe mini's of non-union
workmen, is spreading. Fifty thou-
jiuml Uit-u alrtMtly tiavt- <jult work. spates;-?
$3.50] RECIPE  FREE,
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous '
1 have In my possession a prescription
for nervous debility, lack o£ vlffov,
weakened, manhood, failing: memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatural drains, or the follies of
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men right in their own
homes—without any additional help or
medicine—that I think evary -«an who
wishes to regain* his. manly power and
virility, quickly and quietly, should
haye a copy. So I have determined to
send a copy. 'So I have determined to
charge, ln a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write me for
This prescription comes from a physician who has made a special study ot
men and I am convinced !t Is tho surest-acting combination for tho euro of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together.
I think 1 owe it to my fellow man to
Bond them a copy in confidence so tliat
any man anywhere who Is weak and
discouraged with, repeated failures
may Btop drugging himself with harmful patent . medicines, secure what I
believe ls tlie quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy ever devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a lino like this: Dr. A. E. Robinson,'4907. Luck Building, Detroit, Mich.,
and"I will send you a copy .of'..this
splendid recipe In a. plain/ordinary envelope free of charge. A groat many
doctors would charge $3.00 to $5.00 for
inerpb writing out a prescription like
this—but I send It entirely free.
:-iSArm*■■*_*, *.
\i'    /,•**/»   **•
2$:rr:*sfi<." •1;
Alabutins ii easily applied. " All
you need to help
you U cold water
and a flat   brush.
Alabastine   wall*
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful  It will
not aoften on the
wall like kal»o-
raine.  Because
it is a cement, it
willhardenwith ■
age, become]
part of the wall |
itself.and last
for many-
Nowhere In'"the Pass can be
found  in  such   a  display  of
We have the best money
can buy of Betf, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Impcrator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56
An Alabastine wall can
be re-coated without removing the old coat.    Alabastine
walls are the most sanitary. They
are hygenic No insect or disease f
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
want them all  Alabastined.
Church'* Cold Water
Dropinandletusshowyoubeau- ff
tif ul samples of Alabastine work.
Let us show how to get beautiful
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make your home
charming at a
moderate cost.
Miners Accede to Governor
Hatfield's Recommendations
Hardware - Furniture
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
Thomson & Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie* B. C.
Local Agents
Orders taken throughout the Pass
Bellevue Hotel
Best  Accommodation
Up-to-Date — Every
Excellent Cuisine,
In the  Pass.—•
J. A. CALLAIM, Prop.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up ....       6,770,000
6,770,000       Total Asset* ,      72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON, ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloopo, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,
XXX liy
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by Tho Canadian Hank of Commerce, nre a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting' small sums of money, These Orders,
payable without charge at nny bank In Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) find in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
Uie following rates: ji>
$5 nnd under    Jl cent*
Over    5 nnd not exceeding $10 ,   O
10      " ■;" 30... 10
30      " " BO 15
«boaWI be mad* tar maant of our SPECIAL FORKION DRAFTS and MONEY
OffOfEBA   lamad without May at trntormhla rat**.
CHARLESTON, W. Va—The long
struggle between the operators and
miners seems practically settled, the
representatives of the striking miners
who have been ia session here for the
past three days having acceded to the
recommendations made by Governor
Hatfield as a basis for a settlement
of the strike.
The miners place all confidence in
Governor Hatfield and leave it to him
to see that they will be protected.
Resolutions were submitted to the
Governor at a late hour Friday after
a long and bitter, struggle in the convention hall between the conservative
and radical members. The resolutions carry with it the Interpretation
of the miners placed upon the recommendations made by the Governor. It
is not believed that the operators will
place a different construction upon
the proposition which they have already accepted.
The following is the answer of the
miners as submitted to the Governor:
- "Charleston, W. Va., April 25, 1913.
"Hon.   Henry  D.  Hatfield,  Governor
Executive Office,    Charleston,   W.
"Dear Sir,—Replying lo the recommendations made to the coal operators on Paint and Cabin Creek, issued
•by you Monday, the 14th inst, with
reference to the existing disturbances
in the Paint and Cabin Creek coal
fields, including also the Coal River
mines; die undersigned on behalf of
the coal miners in the fields involved
beg to. aay "that the miners in the
fields will, accede to and adopt „your
recommendations, viz.:
" 'First. That the operators concede to the miners their right to select a cbeck-weighman from among
their number, in keeping with Sections 438 and 439 of the code, to determine, to the entire satisfaction of
the employe, the exact weight or measure of all coal mined by him and his
" 'Second. That nine-hour day be
conceded to the miners by the operators, that nine hours means nine
hours of actual service by the employe to the employer, at the same
scale of wages now paid:
'"Third. - That no discrimination be-
made against any miner, and that if
he elects, he may be permitted to purchase the supplies for the maintenance of his family wherever it suits
him best, as this is claimed by the
operator to be the case at the present
" 'Fourth. A semi-monthly pay
that It will be the pleasure of the
mine operators, who own and control
commissaries, to see that-the prices
of their merchandise are in keeping
with the same prices made by independent or any other stores throughout the Kanawha valley.
"The opening sentence In the third
recommendation made by you, "That
no discrimination , be made against
any miner,' we understand to mean
that there shall be no'discrimination
between any miner, union or 'nonunion, and that all men shall be returned to work, otherwise "we could
not follow out your suggestion 'for all
men to return to' work If the operators accede to my recommendation.'
'And, whereas, you have stated ia
your proposition heretofore submitted to tlio minors and oporators, that
you recognize tho right and privilege
of tho miners of this state to belong
to a labor union as is provided by the
laws of snid stato, ana
"Whereas, You have further stated
In said proposition that you soo no
objection to the minors belonging to
snid union, so long as they act within
the mirvlow of tho stntuto, or according to law, and
"Whereas, We Interpret your proposition to moan, or guarantee to tho
minors of this section, ln this struggle, or strike, tho right to organize
and belong to a labor union by what-
ovor namo thoy ploaso to cnll or designate it, and bollovlng that you will
sco to It that tbe minors of this section will bo protootod by you and by
your administration in tho exerolso of
those rights so concoded, wo aro willing to accept your proposition under
thia construction rolatlvo thereto, and
"Whoroas, Tho minors of tlio particular soctlon of this stato which ls
now, nnd has boon for somo months
past, Involved In said, strlko, havo suffered untold outrngoR at the hands
of or by vlrtuo of tho 'guard system'
which has boon tu vogue in tlio said
Stato for many yours pant, and
"Whoroas, by moans of such system tho rights and prlvllogos of tho
minora In mild soctlon, tinder tho constitution nml Iiiwb of thin Htnto, havo
boon practically destroyed, and bn-
Moving such system to bo tho groatost
(lotorlmont to tho mining linliiHtry of
tlio stato, wo havo folt that such system ought not to ho tolerated, and
"Whoroas, Vou hnvo stated In your
written proposition liorotoforo mon-
tinned, that such guard syHtom will
not bo tolerated by your administration, wo aro wllllijg to roposo com-
\i\oto crmfWe'.ier lii .vat ixLilw; lo
thiH miittov, bollrivlnR thnt. you will
sea to It that this guard system, whioh
has disgraced tho Stato ot WoHt Virginia for years, will no longer bo toloratod at your hands its Govornor of
this Htnto, nnd because of tho stato-
.„*:.,'■. *jt j<uaio -vwiiiUiuta iu said 'ittii-
ton proposition, construing It as wo
hnvo rolatlvo to this matter, ns horo-
Inhoforo Hot forth,
"In accepting your proposition with
tint abovo understanding;, wo ronpoot-
fully call your attention to tin? fact
that Much of tho recommendation**
made by you, with the oxcoptlon of
tliu uluti-hour day, and semi-monthly
pay day, to which tho oporators have
nccodod, aro statutory! rights granted
tho minors by law, and tho funds-
mental principles ot freedom of
I speech, of the right of lawful nssera-
bly of constitutional government, of
horn* rota and local self-government,
of civil and rollEloui freedom, of un-
shackled opportunity for social brotherhood as opposed to savage individualism; all of which have been denied
us under the guard system, are likewise guaranteed to the people of this
state by its constitution and laws.
"Under these conditions and upon
these terms, we accept your proposition, because of. our faith and full confidence in your fairness and your ability as the chief executive of this state
to see that they are put into force and
"The above conditions hereby
agreed to continue in force and effect
until March 31, 1914.
"Respectfully submitted,
"Committee on Resolutions."
Gov. Hatfield Urges West Virginia
Miners to Return to Work
CHARLESTON, W. Va.—Governor
Hatfield, accompanied by officers of
the United Mine Workers of America,
spent a day in the Paint Creek and
Cabia Creek mining districts, where a
strike has been in progress for a year,
advising the strikers to return, to
work under the terms of the agreement suggested by the Governor, and
agreed to by operators and union officers. Many miners returned to
work today, and it was expected that
within twenty-four hours conditions
would be so adjusted as to permit the
withdrawal of state troops and the
restoration of the region to civil law.
—United Jline Workers Journal,
British Tests For
Miners' Safety Lamps
Pursuant to' the provisions of the
coal mines act of 1911, tests have
recently been carried out by a departmental .committee appointed by
the British Home Office which, in the
opinion of the committee, miners'
safety lamps should pass in order to
be admitted to the list of "approved"
lamps. It Is not proposed that each
individual lamp *used in coal mines
should be tested,,but it is considered
that no lamp should be adopted if it
does not conform, in all particulars,
to an official specification, which is
the direct outcome of an official test.
The tests which the committee
considers flame safety lamps should
pass,- fali~under~tHf7« heads: O)-
Mechanical tear, (2) photometric
tests, and (3) tests in an explosive
Mechanical Tests—In order to discover whether the lamp is capable of
withstanding the conditions of rough
usage to which it is likely to be submitted in a mine, it is proposed that
it shall be submitted to three tests.
First, it Is to be dropped, complete
with its glass, from a height of six
feet upon a wooden .floor five times
In succession. A different glass Is
to be employed each time, and not
more than one broken glass is to be
permitted in the five tests. If two
glasses break, tho lamp Is to undergo five more tsets, and If the glass
breaks In two of these it will be held
to fall. The second test consists in
dropping a weight of flvo pounds from
a holght of six feet vortlcally upon
tho lamp. If the glass Is crackod,
the test is to be repeated twice, whon
one fnlluro ,\vlll condemn It. The third
test Is Intended, to'try. the security
of the attachment of tho different
part, and consists of dropping a ton
pound weight, attached to a cord,
from a Rolglit of six foet, the other
ond of tho cord bolng socurod to tho
bottom of tho lamp, which ls -suspended nt a height of seven foot from tho
Two testa aro nlBO proposod for tho
lamp glasses soparutoly. In the first
a weight of ono pound Is to bo dropped from a height of four foot upon
thorn as thoy stand In a vortical position, and In the second thoy are to bo
heated In an air bath to a tompora-
turo of 212 dogrees F. and plungod
into water nt 00 degrees to 05 do-
gruoB. Jn both thone tosts 20 glasses of each kind aro to be triod, and ln
each case 10 por cont of falluroa will
oaiiBo rojoctlon,
Photometric Tosts,-—Tho commlttoo
considers that tho minimum candle-
power to bo roqulrod of flume lamps
should ho ,1)0 (pontano standard*),
and that tlioy should glvo this mIllinium for 10 hours. Tho lamps tostod
varied botwoon .32(1 and M ciindlo-
power, tho higher flguro bolng given
with naphtha ns fuol and tho lower
with a mixture of half colza and half
Tosts lu Explosive MIxturoB.—In
roapoot of explosion, two tosti) nro
proposed. Tho lump, nftor passing
tho mechanical tosts, Is to hnvo Its
behavior tried first In a still Inflammable atmosphoro nml then In horizontal and Inclined currents In nn explosive mlxturo nt n maximum voloc-
Hv of nbout- l '><i<\ f*ot tn a rnhiute.
Knoh tout Ih to Inst two minutes, nnd
nu iKiituon is to constitute n failure
to piisu, Tho mixture Is to bo, within llmltB, tho most explosive obtain-
nbln with tho particular combimtlblu
gnu or vapor employed.
U. ...lA.x'.st,, Aim vummiUbtt UoWs
that nil approved lamps should tiltl^
matoly havo doublo gnuzoB of stool
or bust charcoal annealed Iron wlro
(or, .capper, wire In tho cn&a of thoso
used for surveying purposes) of 28 B,
W.-O. (.014 Inch dlhmoter) with 28
mi-aHtr* tn tho linear inch (781 to tlie
square Inch); but they suggest that
tills rffjulrnmnni Plmll not bo enforced
until January 1, 1914. Whon lamp
pillars nro employed, tho pillars ought
to be so, nrraosml that a straight lino
touching the exterior part of consecutive pillars will not touch tho gtiMM.
Electric Safoty Lamps—It Is recora-
tnouded thnt ouly tho first ot the me-
chanlcal tosti he required for electric
Far Reaching
The chief justice.of the Oklahoma
Criminal   Court   of   Appeals,   Judge
Henry M. Furinan, has just rendered
a decision in which ,the action of the
lower court in quashing indictments
against prominent citizens who had
violated the State anti-trust laws is
reversed.   The opinion of Judge Fur-
man clears the way to prosecute violators  of the  State  anti-trust laws.
The Oklahoma anti-trust laws exempt
labor unions  from  the operation of
these laws, and, according to the opinion rendered, this fact does not invalidate the laws.      This has been the
contention of the  American Federation of Labor, and it will be recalled
that  former  President  Taft,  in  the
closing hours of his administration, vetoed the sundry civil service bill because it was provided in that measure that the money appropriated to
prosecute  illegal  combination ih  restraint of trade should not be used to
harass and  prosecute labor unions.
Judge Furman was one of the foremost criminal lawyers of the South,
having formerly lived in Texas, also
having practiced In Colorado. His reputation as a lawyer and a judge is of
the highest, and, therefore, the opinion just rendered has a significance
out of the ordinary.   The opinion follows:
"To sustain the contentions of counsel for the appellees," said Judge Fur-
man, "would be In effect to decide
that in the State of Oklahoma trusts
and monopolies are practically above
and superior to the law and that they
may at their pleasure, through their
combinations and conspirators, grind
the .people like grain beneath the
upper and nether stones, take from
the mouth of labor the bread which
it has earned, and divert the stream
of wealth it has produced by hard and
honest toil from its rightful channels
and pour it into, the undeserved and
already overflowing coffers of the few.
General Definitions
"It would doubtless have been very
gratifying to those persons engaged
in such unlawful" undertakings if the
Legislature had attempted to give
fixed definitions of trusts and monopolies, for- then their able attorneys
could point out how the same purposes could be accomplished by a slight
variation in the methods used, and
thereby, they could do. as they wi3hed
and escape the penalty of the law prescribed for a violation of the fixed
"If a fixed definition of a trust und
of a monopoly had beeii given, then
they would have so shaped their business as to place it outside of this
fixed definition and under their'favorite doctrine of a strict construction
of penal statutes, they would have
been allowed to defy the law and rob
the people at pleasure. The only
by general definitions and the doctrines of a liberal construction of penal statutes, and that is just what we
have in Oklahoma, hence the law is
going to be enforced and those gentlemen must either abstain from their 11
legal conduct or suffer the consequences. We think that the definitions contained in the statutes are as
certain as the nature of the evils nt
which they are aimed will admit.
Capital and Labor
"If all the capital In the world were
destroyed, a* great Injury would there-
by be inflicted upon the entire human
rnco, but.the bright minds, the brave
hearts and strong arms of labor would
In time create new capital, and tliim
the Injury would bo ultimately cured.
If all the lnbor on earth wore destroyed capital would lose Its value and
become absolutely  worthless.
"Labor is natural, capital is artificial. Labor was mnde by God, capital
Is made by mnn. Labor Is not only
blood and bono, but Jt also hns a mind
and a soul and ls animated by sympathy, hopo and lovo, Capital Ib Inanimate, soulless matter, Labor ls
tho creator, capital Ib tho creation.
"A single drop of sweat upon tho
brow .of honest labor shines moro
brightly and Is moro precious In tho
eyes of God and is of moro boneflt to
tho human raco than all tho diamonds
that ovor sparkled ln tho crown of any
king. If the State did not protoct tho
farmers of Oklahoma against such
conspirators as those, the law would
bo a miserable, contemptible farce, a
Bnaro, a mockery, a burden, nnd a delusion,
"Tho contention of counsol for op-
pollooB ls that If tho law protocts combinations of labor or any other class
of citizens of tho State, It must also
protoct combinations of capital, other
wlflo a class of citizens who nro not
affordod this protection aro discriminated against, nnd deprived of that
equal protection of the law which the
constitution of tlio Unltod Stntos guar-
nntooH to ovory citizen of the Unltod
Stolon, A cnroful consideration of
this mattor will show thnt tho con-
tontlon of counsel for nppolloos Is not
tonablo, It must ho conceded that
thn LnglHlaturo hns tho rlght.nnd pow-
or to mnko reasonable clnftslflcntlons
with roforonco to nny proper subjoot
of legislation. .    •■
"Tho nBsumptlon of counsel for appellees Is that tho rights of capital
nro equal to tho rights of lnbor. Good
morals do not sustain this assumption,     "Whilo labor nnd capital nro
Pare— Wholesome—Reliable—
Its fame is world-wide. Its superiority
unquestioned. Its use is a protection
against alum food. In buying baking o
powder examine the label carefully
and be sure the powder is made from
cream of tartar. Other kinds do not
make the food healthful.
both entitled to the protection of the
law it is not true that the abstract
rights of capital are equal to those of
While laborers quit work in many
towns near Newark, very little disorder resulted. In Milburn and Spring-
labor and that they both stand upon [ field 200 went out.
an equal footing before the law. But
if we concede that the assumption of
counsel for appellees is well founded,
and if we arbitrarily and in. disregard
of good morals place capital and labor
upon an absolute, equality before the
law, another difficulty confronts them.
Capital organizes to accomplish its
purposes. Then, according to their
own logic, it would be a denial of
eq\ial rights to labor to deny to it the
right: to organize and not. without a
bieach of the peace, to meet the aggression of capital."
Practically the entire force of the
Public Service Railway Company on
Bloomfleld avenue, Montclalr, went
out. Half the force working for a
Belleville' contracting firm, repaving
Bloomfield avenue, also quit.
Seven or eight thousand laborers
employed in various contracting jobs
throughout the Oranges, Paterson and
Newark failed to go to work Thursday morning. Organizers of the General Laborers' International Union, to
which they belong, claim that it was
the beginning of a general strike,
which before the end ef next week
ers in the neighboring sections of New
The strikers demand an increase in
wages from $1.75 to $2. In Essex and
Passaic counties the labor leaders say
that, 15,000 men will be on strike, and
they think there is little chance for
amicable settlement. The strikers in
Hudson county may bring the total up
to 20,000.
According to statistics compiled
by the United Mine Workers' Journal "three men are killed in the mines
of the unorganized states ar, against
one in the organized." Pretty good
reason in itself why coal diggers
should organize.
A modern man is one who neglects
what he does like and can have, in
order to denounce orpursue the things
he dislikes and can't have.-^-Life.
Cigar Store
Capital Paid Up
Total Assets
safety lamps, tho tost bolng carried
out with tlio battery removed anil a
(lummy of tln,» sawc ii'cJ&bl .whblhul-
od. Tho lamp should bo required to
glvo not loss than 1 1-2 cnndlopowor
aftor 10 hours' uso; and as regards
the danger of causing explosion, It
should bo tested by having tho llnhi
switched on and off while It Is Jn
an nxploiilvo mlxturo. Another requirement is, that no liquid escape
from tho battery when tho lamp Is
turnod upside down; and tho commlttoo think It doslrnblo that tho light
should bo woll distributed outside tho
lump nnd that a moveable reflector
should bo provldod to concontrnto or
shield tho light al will.
*Tbo British standard cnndlopower
ts obtained freni a sperm candle
weighing; 0 to the pound and burning
at tho rate of 2 grains per minute.
Tho pentane bunsen stnndnrd has tbo
equivalent of one British candlopow-
er, hence the above Is .3 of a cnndle-
Working (or Others
THE man who looks Into tho future and pic-
turds himself tho owner of
a buslnoss, will live to
learn that his visions will
always bo dreams unloss
his foresight has shown
him the nood of saving,
Saving Is not n habit
that should bo started
"sometime," but one that
roqiilrcs Immodlnto action.
As many days as you postpone opening a bnnk account, jimt thnt mnny
moro dnys will you bo
working for othors.
Ono dollar will open a
snvlngs account with this
bnnk, nnd the hlghost rato
of curront Interest will bo
credited ovory six months.
Msnaoer,   Fernie   branch
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Viotoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross ft Mackay Bses.
H. 0. GOODEVE CO.. Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
ofthe Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wo will Atrnish your houso from collar to garret
and at bottom prices,    Call, Writo, Phono or   i
Wii4    All   orders given   prompt attention.
Coleman,        -       Alta.
If you aro satisfied toll others.   Tf not satisfied tell us. $100 Reward, $100.
The readera ot thia paper will ba UaLsa* tr. ,„._
that there Is at least one dreaded djJi^Jw    l88™
Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure in thn ™i_ . . "
cure now known to the medteil VX-nffJ* S2?u,¥
being a constitution^I dEf reqK £ J^f.r11
tlonal treatment.    Hall "a CatarrhCujfiNXSJ'V1'
surfaces   of   tho   Bystem.  thereby
foundation ot tho dlaeaw   and  •ii*»i„,i~ir'™'»   "™
Address F. J. CHENEY 4 C0.. Toledo o
Sold by all DrugKlats. 75eV M°" °'
Take HaU's Family PWa lor (onstlpatlon.
Waste in Coal Mining
A Flash of
Is Just as likely to strike
the house of tho uninsured
man as that of his more pru-
dent neighbor. No building
Is immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time there is a thunderstorm.
Sole Agent for Fernie
In reference to Doctor Holmes'
statement that "in producing 500,000,-
000 tons of coal during 1911, 250,000,-
000 tons were wasted or left in the
ground in such condition that it would
not probably be recovered in the future," the following questions were
asked a number of prominent mining
men: Does the^wa'ste occur in your
field? .Do'you know from observation
when such waste occurs, and if
where? The following answer
pears in a coal magazine:
Sir:—I am' in receipt of your favor
of the'11th, with reference to a statement, made by the Hon. J. A. Holmes,
Director of the Federal Bureau of
Mines, which, as you say, has been
published broadcast, to the effect that
250,000,000 tons of coal are wasted
or left underground annually which
cannot be removed in the future.
-The writer will say that in a general  way poctor Holmes is correct;
and the systems of mining employed
are very largely responsible for it, in
this:   that the blocks or pillars left
for supporting the  roof, in  working
on   the   room-and-pillar plan, in all
probability    could    not,   for   many
reasons, be recovered In the future,
and I think it is fair to say that, covering the entire coal fields now being
operated on the room-and-pillar plan,
85 per cent, of the coal seam ls left
in the form of pillars when the mines
are abandoned.     In fact, I know of
large fields where fully 50 per cent,
of the coal was left in the pillars when
the mines were abandoned, because
any attempt to remove any portion
of them would have caused a surface
subsidence and such' damage to the
farm property (worth fully $250 per
acre)  that they could not afford, in
ently safe and secure. This method
and system of operating would re-
Quire the use of but little timber.
At,any rato, the use of it would be
reduced to the minimum, and
tuation would be more perfectly main
■ By J. T. BEARD
There is an old saying:   "Tiie and
tide wait for no man;" and none the
less true is it that a falling roof never
and  ven- j Vaite for a miner to load out his coal
All mining plants should
bave (especially where freezing winter weather prevails) an independent
escapement shaft; . in other words,
there should be a hoisting shaft, air-
shaft, and an independent
ment way.
.Sixth. No woodwork whatever
should .be permitted,, around pump
rooms, stables, or anywhere in the
underground   workings,   and   particu-
arly should there be no woodwork
whatever  around  nbout  any  of  the
shafts, ^ether at the stables or other
Places of a similar character, or foi
roof protection, etc.
f™eVe,nth;, AH bui'dinBs on the sur-
face should bo fireproof
If laws in the several states were
enacted requiring mining to be done
in this manner, then you would get
the maximum of safety and tho
maximum of conservation, as well as'
the greatest economy of operations
in general. It is the only way, in my
opinion that the severe competition
which has had such a distressing
effect upon the industry for years can
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys, Horses on Commlslon
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, We
can suit youn income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
those days of cheap coal, to pay for
damaging the surface; and the question, of course, is: What is the
remedy? And that brings us face
to face with two all-important subjects In mining:
(1) Economy in operation, and
particularly with reference to the
timber supply, which is becoming so
scarce and expensive:
(2) Conservation of the coal.
To accomplish the best results in
economy and conservation in the operation of coal mines, an entire change
of plans and methods is necessary:
First. No' mine should be permitted to 'be located, in my opinion,
directly on the line of railroad, and
the reasons are (a) because with their
workings, aiid shafts directly alongside of and underneath permanently-
located railroads, there is constant
danger from subsidences , that must
occur in the future; and (b) because
they are ^unsightly. All mines should
be located sufficiently far back from
a railroad so that the boundary limit
of. its workings will not come within,
-200-feet"of~30ff"JeTt of any railroad
Second. The coal company should
be compelled to own its' property in
fee.   ,, '      '
be permanently done away with, because it would eliminate a class who
construct and mine cheaply, taking
out only such coal as can be secured
at little expense and leaving large
acreages untouched. Too often such
workings are carried on in a manner
that makes them a constant source
of danger; for all who must work in
them. By the elimination of that
class in the industry, it .would become healthy in every respect and
as reasonably profitable as it ought
to be, and I believe this is the only
way that permenent good for the
business of coal mining can be accomplished, and that any other that may
be attempted can only bring temporary relief, as is always the case with
anything artificially supported.
It is not to be expected that such
views as here expressed will meet
with general approval by many of
those now engaged in the; operation
of-coal mines, but when we complain
of wastage, and since our records
show that coal mining* in our country
is far more hazardous and the loss
of life and injuries far greater per
ton of coal mined than is the case in
the dangerous gassy mines of Europe,
f.nd further, since we complain that
fhe business is unprofitable, we should
•be willing to face the situation
squarely and tell the truth about it
as we see it, and that is what I have
tried to do in this case.
It should be compelled to
the    "retreating"    system,
' Third.
mine on „      ■**,,, oi.em,
which, like the longwall method, will
permit of taking out all of the coal,
nnd the subsidence which would
naturally follow would not affect the
railroad, and it would be practically
uniform all over the territory mined,
leaving the land In good condition
for cultivation afterwards,
Fourth. In the driving of the entries to the 'boundaries before commencing to break off rooms, the work
should be permanently dono, In this:
that where conditions would permit
It, all roof stuff should ho taken down
to cap rock, making clean, safe, haul-
ogoways nnd air-courses, nnd whero
not posslblo to tako down everything
to enp rock, It should be secured with
steol I .beams nnd If necessary Inggod
with creoeotod onk. Entries developed In that way would bo porman
It might as well be understood that
the "good old days" are gone for good.
The "good old days" of careless haste,
enormous profit, sinful
dead and
waste,    are
and have been cast
out on the culm heap of the past.
New times are here, new days, new
ways, and "forward" we must turn
our gaze—set forth upon
track and never think
before setting.a post or two, need-ed
to make his place safe.
Few   "miners—a   small   percentage
only—learn the lessons their procrastination    should   tench them; and a
still smaller number can ever be expected to profit by the misfortunes of
their fellows.   This habitual disregard
of safety is, therefore, an element of
human nature that must be recognized
as ever present, and ono that it will
be needless to dwell upon at any considerable length, in the present discussion.   Instead bf wasting time and
valuable space in a fruitless attempt
to enlarge upon the well known failings of men, let us have the practical
suggestions of practical men, setting
forth ways and means of improving
conditions as they now exist at the
face, and advocating the adoption of
systems that shall tend to eliminate
the human factor, which is so largely
responsible for the daily, recurrence
of fatal mine accidents.
There are many intelligent miners
today who have but    an    imperfect
knowledge  of  the  simple rudiments
and principles of post timbering. They
make no study of the nature of/the
roof under which- they work, or its
mode of action.   They regard faults
and  dislocations in the strata, only
in the sense that these cut out the
coal and make the work of mining
more laborious, not to say necessarily
more dangerous.-  Many miners set a
post In a mine, as.they would shore
up a building that was liable to fall.
It does not occur to them that this
same mine post, aside from the slight
support it affords to the roof slate,
acts  or should  act as a silent but
faithful  monitor  of  impending danger, to a careful and observant miner.
Where is tho  real province of, a
mine post;    where,    when and how
should the post be set; what advantages are to be gained by systematic
timbering;  do you advocate systematic timbering under all conditions in
mines; what arguments can be urged
for and against systematic timbering;
should a miner be compelled to timber his own place and be held responsible for the proper performance of
this work, or should special timbermen -be  employed  for the  purpose;
should the bark of mine timber be
removed  before  it 'is  sent into the
mine; ,when should timber be cut and
how should it be stored; what methods, if any, should be employed for
its preservation?   These are some of
the practical- questions that  can be
discussed with profit, with a view to
increased safety and economy.in the
operation_of^ mines. y_ : '■—
A Refily to
Letter of Frank
By H. ELMER,  New  Michel
In last week's issue of the Ledgei
appeared an article under the headlines    "I.W.W. versus A.F. of L.,"    in
which the writer, Frank Farrington,
I.B.M. of District 12, tries to defend
the policy of the Civic Federationized
A.F.ofL., and in his zeal  to do  so
handles the truth rather carelessly in
regard to the activities of the Industrial Workers.   To go into a detailed
analysis of said article in so far as
the tactics of the A.F. of L. are concerned, would  take too much  space
and be of no benefit to the readers
of the  Ledger,  because  said  tactics
are too well known and not even the
high-sounding  phraseology  of  Frank
Farrington can keep the workers from
realizing the faults and defects of an
labor organization which tries to maintain peace between masters and slaves
and which teaches that the interests
of exploiter and exploited nre identical.-
That the .-majority of the membership of the U.M.W. of A. are sick and
tired of the tactics and form of craft
organization as advocated, by the A.
F. ofL. is evident from the fact that
our delegates to the last A.F. of L.
convention voted unanimously in favor of the Industrial form of organization.
In addition to the gold and diamond
mines, the Transvaal province, South
Africa, has coal which is marketed as
cheaply as anywhere else with the
possible exception of some places in
America and Japan. The only difficulty with the industry at present is
that the coal supply far exceeds the
local demand.     There has been no |
i      f
'   ')
the product. It is thought that if the
Transvaal collieries could obtain an
export trade for their coal the greater
part of the gold mining and other industries could be run with "small
coal" at a cheaper rate than that now
paid for the kind used. The output
of the coal mines of the Transvaal
for 1911 amounted to 4,343,080 tons,
valued at 15,102,000 against ?3,970,069
tons, valued at $4,931,000, for 1910.
The coal industry at present employs
500 white men and about 9,000 nat-
of ives,
<      JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., LD8.,
Offlco: Johnstone snd Falconer Block
(Abovo Uloasdoll'o Drug; Storo)
Phono 121
Hours) 8,30 to 1 • 2 to 6,
Residence: 21, Victoria Av«nu#.
Barrister*, Solicitor, Nets ry, ito,
Offices! Eoksteln Bulldlno,
  Fernie, B.C,
F. C. Uwe )     Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, Bf C.
mwmmmm*****^ " ' \iii'T'"M*M
I-   it,   PUTNAM
,. i
■irrliter, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc
Within the past few months
over 100 persons have written
to the Zam-Buk Co, reporting
their cure of eczema, rashes
and skin diseases by Zam-Buk I
Doesthiinot prove that Zam-
Buk is something different?
Don't you need it in your
household? T"~
Mlu Mary Moduli?* 013 St. Cm.Ii-
erino Street W,, Montreal,' '-V"*
•'I do not know word* powerlul
enough to express my gratitude t,»
/am lluk, K-ectraa broke out on my
•oftlp and baud*. Tho irritation of
tho ewdp wna ao bad that I could not
iloep or rtit, and I feared I ahould
hav* to have my hair out off. On
my handi the dlieaio appeared in
„ aore iiatohea, tha burning and itching j
of villi h'drovo ma tnanjr t.lnuMi lo _
ap-alli of weeping. I want to tlio ills-
petuary, bub they referred me to a
sk'.o epaelallit, Who wid tbat mine
waa aa bad a ■»«• of aeiema aa ha bad
aaan. Ha gave mo aome ointment,
and then * aeeondlot, but11 neither
gate me any raliat.
" I wu In a ntf tad eoadltlen *Hm Tan*
Bak wu lotr<*iue«4, tat I io** fwwl out
thai It wu different Irom all the ather ttmi*
dlee. I Mi-Mured with the Kem-Puk trf at*
neat, ua ete* bet 414 aie more and mare
feed. TfeeMUUM*a4*wiutlitf Moedlt-
appeared, then the earn fcatea te heel, frith
health}' iila new eref tbe parte whioh hed
NeaaaH,aa<t I aie saw eulie Irufratn all
tfteee el aauau*. het-h a* hew e&l wwe*
MrMrauala»Meaaa«e4y _
VWWHM^«uuHn«H}7llt>n,liilu'<u. ten.
of turning
If there are bills which must
he paid for blunders that our fathers
mado, we might as well make up our
minds to pay them. Wo need our
skill and common sense,,our tact and
our experience, and now's the time
for coal mon to display ithem.
The labor problem Is ours to face
at almost ovory timo and place, and
ancient forco and brutal power are
not the methods of the hour. Wo
cannot trample underfoot with ruth-
loss strength and Iron boot tho mighty
hosts of labor. Tho man who mines
tho good black conl is not a blind
and brainless mole, -but'human1;'.with
n mind and soul—a brother nnd a
Yob, wo must deal with discontent
ibecniiBQ of ways our fathers wont,
bocnuso thoy somehow wouldn't see
tho lesson of humanity. It's not by
guns and high stockade that wage
agreements can bo mado; It's not
by guards and strong rodoubt that
peace and calm aro brought about.
But'WO,1 must koop-our passions cool
and glvo tho gontle goldon rulo somo
practical expression, nnd moot tho
mon who toll and swoat for all tlio
tonnage that wo got, with just and
fair concession.
"tho good
aro dono, a
On the other hand, there are many
theoretical questions of equal importance, such as the,,relative, diameter
and length of mine, posts, to secure
the-ricat-est efficiency;in .service; the
calculation of the load'a* mine post
can properly be expected to support;
the crushing strength of mine timber;
the effect of seasoning and other like
questions. Owing to the growing
scarcity of timber in mining regions,
the use of steel timber in mines, and
its preservation from the corroding
action of. mine water, are questions
of growing importance.—Coal Age.
The fierce onslaught the U.M.W. of
A. has to suffer from these fanatics
(as Farrington calls the I.W.W.) exists only in his imagination, and if
ever he should, take the trouble to
visit District 18, he would find quite
a number of miners who, although not
members of the I.W.W., denounce
time agreements in no uncertain
terms. The benefit of the check-off
system (if we can call it a benefit to
work in partnership with the coal operators to have our dues collected) is
dearly paid for by concessions we
have to grant to the coal barons to
retain the check-off. Let us, however, bear in mind that there are other
labor organizations which, although
they have no check-off nor joint agreement, yet they keep their heterogeneous membership in unity as well If
not better than the U. M. W. of A.
The assumption of Farrington that
none of these men who advocate a
better form of organization know anything ahout mines or mining conditions, is rather far fetched; surely he
is not'conceited enough to think that
Farrington is the, only pebble on the
beach who knows it all.
For the information of the readers
of the Ledger let me point out that
the statement of Bro. Farrington that
"Haywood and Ettor, as soon as arrangements were made by the A.F. of
John A* McDonald
'     Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Bos 22
old days," thank Oodl
bettor "tlrao has just
begun,.a timo for which wo'vo Btrlv-
on; a timo to honl oach wound and
soro; a timo to lovo our brother moro,
forgive--and bo forgiven. Wo havo
our problems grim and groat, onr
legacy of wrong nml Iiato, but wo sli.il!
reach a noblor Htalo, with loss of toll
nnd sorrow, Tho bitter past Is dead
and gono, and progress still gons
marching on to groot that bright and
rosy dawn—Tho Dawn of n Tomor*
row!—Dorton Braloy, In Coal Ago.
Equality boforo tho ?aw I Of coureo,
nothing loss, Bays tho captain of industry, tho railroad magnate tho
street car despot—ovory man must bo
allowed to hlro as many strlko-broak-
ors as ho chooses in ordor to frustrate
tho attempts of honest worklnRmnn tn
improve their conditions of work and
llf p. 2*lo tair lu Wu,'<tttjd when capitalist omployors mnko uso of thoir
oconomlo powor to bring economically
holploss workingmen to terms oxcopt
tho law of humanity, the observation
of which Is not ohllrntni-y for moSol
citizens. Capitalist law knows uo
humanity; It Is only concerned with
material Interest and tbo conditions
under which It may bo roalltod. What
wo nesd le not equality before tho
capitalist law, but a new law. the object of wbleb Is the human Interest of
all human beings,—Ex.
Poverty bat saved the Ufa of many
a young fellow who would bate
bought himself a shotgun or a Mil-
boat If he only bad bad tho money.—
Chicago News.
The Socialist Tarty stands for the
principles of unionism and proclaims
war upon tyranny in evory form. Such
being the case, it is now pertinent to
ask the question as to why the National Executive Committee of the Socialist party hns failed to arouse tho
working class of a nation to tho fact
that "Mother" Jones Is held a prisoner In West Virginia hy tho order of
the coal 'barons?
Has she outlived hor usefulness?
Is sho ignored by tho National Executive Committee of tho Socialist
party bocauso ago has dlmmod her
eyes, and eighty yoaru upon earth presages that she Is soon to bo numbered
with the dead?
Hns thirty years upoiy tho firing
lino-of labor's battlo boon forgotten
thnt she Is to bo abandoned by the
National Executive Commlttoo of a
party' that * prates about Us lovo for
llborty and human rights?
If Borger, Hllqultt, Spnrgo, Barnes
and other luminaries of tho Socialist
party wero hold prisoners In West
Virginia undor tho prntoxt of martial
law, would tho National Executive
Commlttoo of tho Soclnllst party remain Idle and silent to tliolr Imprisonment?
If not, thon for wliat roason has tho
National Exooutlvo Commlttoo ho-
como apathetic and'Indifferent to tho
wrongs Inflicted upon n woman who
has borno tho brunt of labor's fight
for tho Hfo of a generation?
Tho Ntlonal Exooutlvo Commlttoo
must spoalt, nnd speak quickly, or
hoar tho conBiiro of ovory honour, union man nnd woman In tbo labor
movomont of America—Minors' Mnga-
zlno. *
*•»!•»"*w* Hv*\m tu rt8hU
Hundred   Men
Leave   Metal
ST. OATUAIUNE8, May 1.—Tho
«n1pl"^',,'' nf Hi*' 7frTC!r,r.o:> Cil, a„*l
Motnl Works, numbnrlnp; towen hundred mon, wnlkod out this aftornoon
because the company declined to give
a favorable answer to tho demand that
tho mon bo paid on Saturday of oach
wook. Thn system In vogue for somo
V.rsc !.*.•:: b*x;; il-i at ksan i»*y days
per month, but with no one set day of
tho woek. Tho officials promised an
answer by Saturday,
A statomont readied a mooting of
tho strikers tonight that the shop
would bo closed for an Indefinite torm.
Will Be Introduced In the Commene
Thia Week
LONDON, May 7.—The Home Itule
which It left ths House of Comment
for Ireland Bill ta to bo Introduced
again thia week In tbe precise form In
last session.
the Pacific coast, made a spectacular
dash to the coast and. decided to call
a .strike of the lumberjacks on the
first of'JIay is a falsehood, and It
would be interesting to know whero
Farrington got his information from.
Haywood and Ettor went west to fill
speaking dates on a tour arranged
before the proposed A. F. of L. organization was even mentioned. As truth
is stronger than fiction, I would advise Bro. Farrington to stick to the
I fully agree with Farrington that
the American labor movement (as
represented by the A.F, ofL.) falls
far short of meeting the needs of the
workers; also that no movement can
bo Impelled beyond Its power to con-
quor nogatlve forces nor geared to
tho acme of efficiency by a division
oflts parts. How true this statement
of Farrington's is wo have occasion
to seo every day. Tako for instance
tho Cumberland strlko whero tho gallant defender of craft separation, Farrington, is ono of tho labor loaders,
nnd whoro tho minors now have boon
struggling for tho Inst G or 7 months
to better their condition, whoroaH tho
mombors of thoir own cnift In Nanaimo and horo in tho Crows Nost Pass
keop on working and supplying tho
market with coal, bound down by a
cursed ngreomont nnd helping to do-
font thoir follow craftsmen, Tho
same applies to tho -minors.strlko in
West Virginia,
A striking example of tho methods
of craft, organization was glvon In San
Francisco somo timo ago whon tho
liotisosmlthB went on strike and successfully, increased thoir 'wages GO
conts per day, and whero tho San
Francisco Trades and Labor Council
(chartered by tlio A. F. of L.) ordered
thoso. mon, on bohost of tho omployors, to glvo up tliolr Incornso and
work for tho old soalo of wages, as
tho Incroaso was contrary to tho
slgnod-up agroomont, How any man
with his eorobrnl faculty In working
ordor could advocate such Imbor.Ho
form of organisation la boyond my
In conclusion let mo briefly stato
that n labor organization to correctly
roprosent tho workors must havo two
objects In vlow. First, It must combine tho wago workers In such a way
that It oan moHt successfully fight tho
battles and protoct tho Intorosts of
tho working peoplo of today In thoir
strugglo for fowor hours of toll, moro
wiiges nnd bottor conditions. Secondly, It must offer a final solution of
tho labor problem. An emancipation
from strikes, Inlunctlmia hutlnotic,
and of scabbing of ono against an-
uUiui; ,,*
Tho A. P. of h, tall* lu both. It
can neither protect tho workers nor
(loos It offer n solution of tho labor
problom, basod n». it Is upon tho old
rAopfln ot "A fnlr rtny« **>r*r*r *?*•?." s fs.lv
days wage," and teaching tho doctrine
of Identity of Interest between capital and labor. To hopo for tho |vo<
lutlon of the A. V. ot h. Into ft revolutionary labor organltntlon would bo
as ridiculous as to expect a bat to
t«volv« Into a nightingale.
As Karl Marx, tho mastermind of
tho nineteenth century, puts It moat
*f.'ectlv*t>|y, "ini'ead of 'h« cmwv*.
tlvo raitto, 'A fair days wages for a
fair days work.' we ought to ln»«rlba
on our banner the revolutionary
watchword, 'Abolition of the wages
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the working-man's trade
Stephen L. Humble
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Why Don't You Take
A Good Spring Tonic
You nood It—Everybody needs It-—Wo nil nood n Spring blood
cleanser, nervo tonic and bracer. When you got up In tho morning,
tlrod, lazy—at tho breakfast tablo no nppotlto for food—at your dally
work no nmlililnn  rn* nhim-i,—«-»*i-<— 	
work no ambition or ability-nothing aCcompllBhcd~a"ll .h/hu't* y.\Z
'^"•■"-your system needs bracing, your nerves  nood  settling:
and strotch-
your onorglos nood reconstructing. Lot us show you tho liest Spring
" tonics for all ngos and undor all conditions, tho kind thut will cleanse
your, blood—rostoro your nppotlto—-braco you up—glvo you doslro and
ability for work, play or study—a treatment In every respect that will
koop you well and happy all Summer.
^•Bverythlilig  cornea   to those who
wau—atsn the coroner,"
STHE      H^
OF Ij jlii fly fl
■5*4»*cti v«f tutu.
Notico is heriiby *lvf<n ihnf a nivt,t,.n,j *,* *»,„ ...
iLiLPr#Mn?? "pon th0 pa,d,ttp Cui,ltaI Stock ofthlH Itank ha's 7cm
Monday, Juno 2nd, 1913.
17th to the 31st May, 1913,
11ciul Offlco and Urnnchi'H   on   und   after
Tho Transfer Hooks will bo cloned from tbo
'-"   days Inclusive,
The Annual Mooting of the Shareholders of tho Home Itank of Canada
will ho held at tho Iluad Offlca, H King st, West, Toronto, on Tuesday,
the 21th day of June, 191S, at 13   o'clock noon,
By Order of the Hoard,
Toronto, April Wtb, 1813. (Immtl Manager,
It ti tW Intention nt tho abovo Mooting to submit for tho consideration and approval of tbo Shareholders a ny-Lnw to ntithorlzo tho Increase
of th» Capital Stock of the Itonk to $5,000,000. mz
fg-^Wg^ai-p^xMitt^-^-.^ ..[r--nr
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription.$1.00
per year in advance. . An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
To Correspondents—Owing to the late arrival of
Clem Stubbs' and AV. Gray's communications "we
havo boon compelled to hold over correspondence
until next week.
When it becomes necessary for individuals to use
filthy and vile epithets because they cannot run
everything their own way, it may be taken as a
sure sign of the "justice" of their cause and the
"honesty" of their motives, and people who are
so ignorant of the laws of common decency to indulge in same are invariably of a very low order of
ON another page of this issue will bc found letters froni International Organizer P. Farrington ami Kobert Foster in which they explain the
position of the mineworkers and their reason for
calling ;i general strike.    And these reasons are
certainly very cogent.   There appears lo have been
an atleinpt(,on the part of the various coal corpoVa-
iions on the island to combine to defeat, the mine-
workers on strike at Cumberland and Ladysmith.
and the officials, recognizing how untenable the
position was likely to become for the members of
thc U. M. W. .A,, decided,to call a general strike.
No better indication of the feeling of the workers could be found than thc fact that, in spite of
an adverse vote (of about 20 per cent.) the leaders
of the non-unionist decided to throw their lot in
with the organization.      Surely no better argument could be advanced for tlie benefit of those
disgruntles who declare that the union is a thing
of the past.     We venture to doubt if any other
organization, after withstanding a eight months
strike would care to accept the responsibility of
extending same as the officials of thc U. M. W. of
proved by their action that they have not only sand
but a deal of common sense.
v -At the conclusion of tlie ballot taken by the nonunion men the following manifesto was issued by
a joint committee.
"The vote cast today was 432 in favor of going
to work, and 44 against. This on the face of it is
a handsome majority of tlie votes cast, but in view
of the slimness of the vote we deem it inadvisable
to go to work. While wo do not admit a defeat,
we advise the men who had the courage of their
convictions and came out to voto, lo keep quiet and
wait developments."
'Another exchange, dated Nanaimo, May t>. lias
the following: "The mine owners refused to allow
the miners to go hack to work, after their sudden
cessation of work. A proclamation wns issued by
the owners to tlie effect that if thc miners did not
return to work yesterday, thc mines would bc shut
for six months. As none of the miners took any
notice of the proclamation it is probable that the
owners will enforce their statement."
.If they should adopt this attitude there is scarce
a doubt that the (lovernment would be compelled
to intervene,   However, the matter can be left in
the hands of the officials and the International,
who muRt have somo very cogent reason for the
action they have taken, and tho Sun correspondent
comes near the truth when he states that "It ig
contended that while the other island mines continue to work, Uie trouble at 1'jadysmith and Cumberland will not bo settled, as only the force ol! a
coal famine will induce the government to grant
an investigation into working conditions, which is
the cause of the strike.
not interest him—he is too apathetic!" it would be
equally logical to say the same of all other publications whose existence has been brief.     Again of
those that have remained we might say "They are
just what is wanted!"     Nowr, while this.may be
applied to almost every other class of literature,
it does not apply to a labor publication, for the
simple reason that the latter is run   to    educate
the   worker,   and   until   its   form   of   education
becomes  popular,  or until  it  firmly   establishes
itself in the commercial world to command   the
main sotirce of revenue to a newspaper—advertising matter—it will be "up against   it"   and   the
worker will be called upon to make some "sacrifice."     There are, of course, such alternatives as
reducing your paper, raising your subscription,
etc., but either'of these will be found un popular,
consequently   the   worker,   if   he insists on having a publication, will be called upon to "make
good" at some time.   It may be stated plainly that
circulation by itself is no real source of revenue,
only insofar as it may assist the management to secure additional advertising matter.     Granted, of
of course, that circulation IS the real object of
every labor sheet.   To.most of our readers these
remarks are patent.   Now, the reason for this rather lengthy explanation.
The welfare of this paper rests with you. One
of the most effective means of education and popularizing a labor publication is by its readers' contributions. The mineworkers of District IS can
do a great deal in this direction and this means
of educating the worker will be much more lasting
than yards of extracts and verbose comment. They
can write articles and letters expressing their
thoughts and opinions, air their grievances and
make suggestions. It is not necessary to ask you to
refrain from personalities, but if you must cut loose
you can "fire" it at the "scribe" who "throws"
up this type. Any little item of news you may
hear—making sure it is authentic—will always be
most acceptable and help considerably.
Just, one more comment. During the three years
we have been connected with your paper rarely, if
ever, have we lias the pleasure of putting into type
a communication from the opposite sex. This
seems very sttrange, although wc are aware that
the helpmate of the worker lias little, if any, time
to bother about newspaper correspondence; but,
nevertheless there are many who,*did they feel so
disposed, might contribute some very bright and
interesting articles to your paper. ,
,, A-****************-*-* > B *«*.
: Our Letter Box t
+■ *
* •**
Stubbs Explains
(Continued from Page 1)
The following was found on liis desk after the
"I have no unkind words for those who oppose
thcSocialistphil_os.o_pM-_I am sure that 99 in every
From the date of the following letter (April 10th) ,it is quite evident
that it has been overlooked, and while
„t is not our intention to comment on
same, the writer niay possibly wonder why his communication was not
published. We believe that the communication was received at this office
on or about April 11, but this was
before our arrival.—Ed.
Bellevue, Alta., April 10, 1913.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir:
'Campaign in ;Rocky Mountain constituency is in full swing. Crowded
halls and genuine enthusiasm mark
O'Brien's tour through the riding.
O'Brien has covered the north end of
the riding on the C.P.R. main line, and
has left Cassidy, Lestor, and Mush-
cat to carry on the work. Powell, the
one-time president of District IS, U.
M. W. of A., is being groomed'by the
licensed victuallers' association aud
tho Western Coal Operations Association. He cannot serve those interests
and serve labor. Campbell is the
Conservative candidate and is particularly concerned about the A. and G.
W. steal. It is not our money, so what
do we care?„
The Socialists of Rocky  Mountain
must vote before they work on election day, us there is a scheme afoot
whereby the operators will offer some
extra inducement to the Socialists to
work till four o'clock on election day,
after wliich a bunch of Liberals and
Conservatives,   foregathered   for   the
purpose, will occupy the time remaining before the polls close, by having
themselves    SWORN.     Vote    before
you work on election day!    The issue
in this riding is:    Get tlie representative   of   the   working class, O'Brien,
out at any cost and elect a tool of
the corporations.   That  is  the issue
of the campaign as our masters see
it. -Have received a bundle of Clarions, containing J, W. Bennett's charge
against Pres. Stubbs of Dist. IS, U.M.
W.  of A., accusing   him   of   "selling
out.", I positively refuse to circulate
them. - It will take more than an unsupported   assertion   to convince me
that such is the truth.   Stubbs has expressed himself as being in favor of
O'Brien's candidature, and a campaign
ceases'to be educational when carried
along the lines of personalities and
mud-slinging.     Such are the tactics
followed  by .our  opponents.   Let  us
attack false, principles.     When false
principles are overcome, the individuals who personify them will be overcome, also.   The workers must unite
politically and industrially, taking advantage of every opportunity to wrest
power  from  the  rulers, * to  the .end
100 are honest and sincere in their position. There
is not more than one in 100 who profits by bad government, and it would be unreasonable to assume
that men supported a thing which they knew .injured them."
Tlie labor government, of Australia has many
critics, but one cannot help thinking that some of
the measures introduced ou that continent,
might prove very acceptable here in Canada—
palliatives though they be. If the government of
British Columbia would assume the responsibility
of providing for orphans, many a poor little mite
of humanity would be enabled to enjoy more congenial, surroundings. To us it seems the barest
justice, and distinctly in the interests of society,
lhat children robbed by death of their parents—or
any other means, for that matter—should be adopted by the government, We are aware thnt certain
individuals would dig up tho old threadbare argument about "relieving the parents of the responsibility," but we nre quite willing to see those
who neglect their paternal duty "relieved," our
thought being for the child, not the parent, while
in the case of the orphan it becomes an obligation,
that they may finally diJerate~an"d_a"d7
minister the means of life in their
(the workers') interests. When we
have accomplished the revolution we
can settle our personal disagreements
as to the most scientific method of
hair-splitting, "Workers of the world,
Yours for education,.
To the superficial observer it may appear
st '.'aii-re Hint a journal, owner and conl rolled by
Ihe workers, should lm "up ngahiHl. it," but to tlio
man on the inside tlilis is no mystery. Most of Ihe
lalini' papers—and by "labor" wo mean labor, la-
bor-Kneinlist, sucinlisl, or any that rulers exclusively In ihe inleresls of Ihe workers—in Ihis country,
and even in Ihis province, have had a more or less
■checkered career, ami it lutK only been by some
ureal effort on the purl of the workers that Ihey
have mnde their appearance from time to ' time,
This slate of things does not exist in this country
timiti:, ttttimi   i,*i )*, |/.,.........   .
li*  ,,<i uiuj  ^uitCi,' Uilli'' ,t'*"**'..-!'*•> ii
Party, when at the height o
real liigli-class daily—The
over iM,000,0011 in Jinn
ly ik-i'.    Ihe    1
ils power, started a
ribuiie—and dropped
cash before tliey realized
■■••     Mn     ,1 I.M1 ■, II f 1 VfUV       if
we apply the remark thnt is of top made about the
labor paper
"The worker does not want it—it does
Feudality in Franco dates, as a perfected system,
from the time of Charles the Bald, 877.    It began
lo break up of ils own weight nbout 1250,     Why
so?     Tho reason has beon claimed   for   various
things, but in the light of our philosophy we can
easily see why so,     Many cities and towns Iuul
secured their freedom from the barons, and established communal ownership.   A class of workers,
working for themselves had arisen, compared with
them the serfs working for their masters wore very
poor workmen.    The barons soon came to see that
a serf who sold his liberty was n much more profitable piece of property than one held with Ihe
estate.    ('onHcqiiently they were sold tlieir liberty,
that is they bought the right of buying themselves
and saving something for tlieir children, if they
could earn enough, and thoy worked liko the devil
lo Iry and do it.   Serfs wero manumitled right nnd
left; in 1 rt 1 fi (he Kintf lands le Ilulin set all his
serfs free,     The lernis ou which the hoi'I'h were
liberated were ho harsh, however, thnt many of
them preferred lo remain, and later petitioned the
Parliament of Paris to be allowed td remain serfs
"•Voiy Vloit Philinno    le    Tmnir   TfntiiiV Miii'i'cssov
Ivied to compel tliow'to buy their libevly,     Thn«
the breakimr up of feudality was not a mailer of
idefilisfie influence, religious tonehhig, or advnne.
ing knowledge, but it was the I'jueHtion of the ris-
mtr communist ie workers showing the way to the
barons of a more profitable system of using the
1 poor workers,-—N. Y, Call.
Bankhead, Alta., May fi, 1913.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir and Brother:
Now that wo are able to get a better view of the recent elections in this
province, and to more clearly reason
out the several parts played, it will
be as well if some of our membership
accepts tho offer to "come forward,"
as suggosted by you, in your pre-
faco to Ihe letter of Keir Harilie's
In Inst week's Issue, and, if nny of
them have visions of an Independent
Labor Party, let them trot them out,
ns we airo past tho stampeding point,
Tho elections being ovor for uwhllo,
anyhow, nnd the fnct demonstrated
that wo don't need Socialism In tho
Rocky Mountain Riding for a year or
two—nor have tho Llb-LaliB proved
they wero tho required Saviours of
tho people—-and now, on tho morning
aftor tho debauch, coinos Keir T-Tnrdlo
with his "woe drnp ln the bottle," tho
l.b.V. And lot ine say right hero, Mr.
Editor, wu runaway slaves from
"T' Owd Country" have nothing In
common with It, and If any of tho ambitious ono want to try It on uh thoy
will got loft; and, taken no n cosmo-
political dodgery Indulged In by our
solves too Intelligent to partako ot tho
political aeubbory Indulged In by our
80-callod loaders. Tho fault Hob with
the moro Intolllgont of our mombor-
Bhlp; thoso who aro not so onllght-
onod la this country's ways have
backbono In them whon tho tout comes
olthor fnr Industrial Unity or Political
If wn aro to make tho watchword
of onr iiiipor worth quoting--"Political
Unity Im Vletory"—thon lot our offl-
cei'ti lend thu wny; thoy realize tho
two rlnnsoH of socloly aro becoming
more defined every dny, nnd If thoy
cannot blnzn the trail thero ara lots
behind with good sharp nxnB to ro-
placo thein; we want no sldc-stcppcrs.
And, uh a suggestion, lot me any if
they would nttond to the work tho
organization pays tlioni for, nnd loavo
polities to mnn llko Chnrllo O'Nrlon,
IriHtond of using tho confidence gain-
oil to defeat him, It would bo for the
bettor welfnro of us all.
Honing for further expressions and
host wishes for ,iho luturo o£ our paper,
Yours fraternally,
With tlilH Ihhiki closes a discussion
Mist hns been nt ow-e intnrftstinK and
proHtshlP, In breaking down "or nt
toast forcing a passage through ono
of the high walli of {ir-wjtidieo sur-
roundltiK the practice of coal mining.
Although the discussion has In no
wise proved the truth of the flaim
that "creator, ttafaiy in nannrprl by reducing ventilation when firing," It has
clearly pointed out thn wny to n ner
field ot Investigation that promises
developments that may lend ultimate
ly to a practical solution ..of the mino-
explosion problem, which thus far Iuih
micceiiHtiilly buttled both xti.-n-e ,uel
prnetlwi In their efforts to discover
ith  liitilltiU  SUM-wU.
Mining practice hns dealt with tho
problem af the prevention of explosions of dust nnd gits in mines, by
(lllutlnR the oxptoslvu ntuiuHphoru
with sir—the «ery otomont on which
Ihw explosion depends—much as a
child's appetite for *w*nt* is broken
by an overdose of the same.
Recently, suggestions of a variety
of different methods of treatment nro
belli},' offered. Mnny of those, ns wet
zones, Btoiio-duut zones, tho Taffnnul
barrier, etc, have 1>mu tried with
varying results. And now comes the
Ulcat auKRCotlon -the depletion of llie
oxygen content ot tho air, hy diluting
thn mino atmosphere with extinctive
Tho question of reducing the circulation of air In tho mine when firing,
by closing the discharge opening at
tho mouth ot the upcast shalt, has
appealed to many practical men as
a (rood suggestion, applicable to al)
nul gii neons mines; wnere, hcwiMmii;
to general opinion, such a proposition
<muld not ho considered, owing to.tho
rapid accumulation of dangerous quan-
tit leu of firedamp.
It hns boon rightly nrged by a number of our correspondents that this
(inehUoii xhould receive the earncat
attention of the federal nuronn of
MiU'.-u, and U,i.< a acrlci of f-iittobto
experiment a should bo undertaken to
ascertain whnt, if nny, advantage may
bo gained hy this practice, and to what
conditions It Is applicable. Wo heart-
Uy commend this suggestion and hope
that the Bureau of Mines will be able,
soon, tu throw some ll*Ut uuou thU
subject about which thare ts so much
ends permits himself to be used by
those  who  cannot even  write  their
own circulars)  because not only did
he not make a practice of writing his
own editorials, but he, was further incapable of doing so from the point bf
view from which they were written.
In these  statements  the  officers  of
the  District were  accused of being
traitors, of trying to trick oiir members into actions that would be detrimental to them, without there being
a shadow of foundation in    fact for
such statements,   and   the   effect of
such statements apepariiig in our own
journal, at least, would seem to add
some weight to them, in spite of their
falsity.     The editor of the Ledger admitted that he had done this deliberately and to me, at least, admitted
that my wire to him was not the ambiguous document that he had previously attempted to construe it to be.
The case then clearly presented itself
as one of conflict between men who
have been elected by District 18 and
whose activities for the organization
have been known and watched by its
members  for a  period  of  years,  as
against at least one man about whom
nothing is known before he took over
the Ledger, and in view of the fact
that he had already proven that he
could not be trusted to meet out justice to the officers and members of
this  District,  I  Instructed him  that
nothing of a personal nature affecting
tbe  Lethbridge  campaign  should be
printed; that lie could boost all In his
power for C. JL O'Brien and print all,
the   articles   on  Socialism  he   could
get; that,an article on Socialism was
as much to the advantage of one Socialist candidate 'as another, and that
as I did not wish him to use the Ledger for Jones, I clso did not wish liim
to use it for Knight, knowing full well
that he had a personal desire to villi-
fy and slander Vice-President. Jones,
arising out of his failure in an attempt during the last year to make
him his confidant inside and outside
the Executive Board.   I further stated
that another attempt at villification
like that of March 29th would result
in his no longer occupying the editor-
jial chair so long as I remained President of District IS.
Such action may appear to those
who do nol wish to look the,situation
squarely in the faco, to be autocratic,
but I have no doubt that those of our
members who wish the interests of
the organization to be protected, and
who wish to deal fairly with all its
members, even if such members may
be officers, will agree that we have
a right to,, object to being slandered
by irresponsible individuals, even
though they be editors or Board Members. As to whether, the Ledger was
tention to the issues of our paper during the period referred to and to ask
if it would not appear, that we would
have been justified in applying a
muzzle to its editor.
iMy reply to . the resolution from
Gladstone Local has already been published in the Ledger, and I only wish
to refer to one point at this time,
that Is:
"Whereas, in view of the fact that
the proposed Alberta Coal Mines
Regulation Act contains clauses ini-
miclal to the Interests of tho miners,
we believe a pact has been formed
which tends to compromise such
clauses, for political purposes."
clauses for political purposes."
This statement was mado without
any knowledgo ns to what the Mines
Act contained, and not bolng specific
as to clauses can only bo interpreted as a charge against the officers of
the DlBtrlct that they had conspired
with tho Alberta Government against
tho mineworkers of District 18.     In
view of the offorts wo had to put forward in Edmonton to got any consideration on the amendments nBked for,
nnd in vlow of tho Importance to our
members of the amendments secured,
tho above statement certainly presents Itsolf as a piece of slander for
which thero Is positively no excuse,
Your offlcors arc Instructed, year aftor year, to approach tho various Gov-
onuiieiitB for protoctlvo and remedial
legislation, and having been successful ln rocovorlng at lonBt so far as tho
mineworkers of tho lignite flold are
concerned, tho one thing   that   was
counted as lost uh tho result of our
long strike In 1011, hnvtng oxtondod
the operation of tbe two-weekly pay to
all tho mlnowoi'ltors or Al-borta, hav-
Ing procured amondmontB that aro of
far more Importance than this to tho
momhors or tho organisation from tho
standpoint of organization,   wo   nro
told that wo have compromised on ini-
miclal rlausos, nnd this hy men who
will no doubt oxpoot thnt tho Offlcors
of this District will In tho nonr future
approach the Government  of   Rrltlsh
Columbia  for the snmn coiiRosslonB.
Whnt position will the Officers be In
If the Premier drnws their attention
to the District Ledger, and suggests
thst the mineworkers consider these
clauses Inimical to their Interests and
thnt they do not require them.     Let
uh suppose for n moment that tho offlcors   hnd   compromised themselves
(nml this Ih rar from the truth) could
our members complain as to the results,    It would nppnnr to mn at leant
that only thoso who carry tho Idea
(!:::[ "vy ccv.h] •Vy'scv.y v!th etir or
wnly.ntlon, nnd thnt, nil"nur efforts nt
Improvement wero of no avail, could
find any satisfaction In tho clrcula-
tion of such a statement,    Personally
I shall always almro the credit for
theso Improvements, no mnttnr what
tntnUiutk I  iki,*;,   i',n\l Oi^imH '„> ,'tit  {,iu ■
future, iiwlth tho other officers of Dis-
trict 18 and the Alberta Federation
of Labor, nil of whom worked without
expectation of any credit or rownrd
from either tho Government or tho
Unlt-ed Minn Workers of District 18.
Let me now draw ntteiuton to the
first rlniiso of the Michel resolution
m piihllsh-M In Mm Led^r, \prll 1?,
nml from which I quote:
j) "Wbrrnns nt n mai-tlm of thn V,™-
rutlvo HosnT of District 18, Tl. M. W,
of A., held at Fr*nk, Alts., on tho 1st
nt April, the Officer* 1*1* TWsrd Vnn»;
h»rs with U'e iwe-nrMnn of t^m
JfcmhT Clrav and THrlutf*- rn<n*i*.„,i
*»o PUtlomt*yhn *i>Hr«r\ nf yin*JO*i,a*.
dent Jones In taking the candidature
of Liberal-Labor candidate in the
Lethbridge constituency in opposition
to J. R. Knight.'
In conection with this matter, when
at a meeting of Gladstone Local, I
asked Brown and Williams, who were
at that meeting to represent Michel
Local, ^who had given them the information uppon which that statement
was based and was informed in reply,
"Board Member Gray.'
My answer to this was that the
statements containea in the above
were untrue, and in further support
of this I would draw attention to the
following action from the records of
the executive in dealing with the matter of Jones' candidature, as well as
the attached copy of letter .from Gray,
as also his report in the Ledger, April
5th '   "
The minutes of the Boaid show.
'Moved Burke, seconded Larson,
"That    we    grant    Vice-President
Jones eighteen days leave of absence
without pay."
Gray's report, April 5th, shows:
"There is no endorsation of his action by the Board, but just a grant
of leave of business without pay from
cur organization.'
Gray's letter of April 30th reads:
"Mr.   C.   Stubbs,   President,   District 18. U. M, W. of A.
"Dear Siy and Brother,—
"Re the statement that I had reported to a meeting of the Local Union at Michel that the Board had endorsed the action of Vice-Preslident
Jones in accepting the Liberal-Labor
nomination, I wish to state emphatically that I did not make such statement, but reported as I did in the
Ledger that they had granted leave, of
absence without pay. ,
Witness: N. D, Thachuk.
(Signed) J. W. GRAY.
The question of veracity    I    pass
without comment   to   be   settled between  Michel Local  and  tho  Board
Member for that Sub-District.
Having now dealt with the subject
matter of the two main resolutions,
and on which the resolutions from the
other Locals dcperal, let me point but
what was the situation that permitted
of this agitation being raised.
Vice-President Jones .was nominated as the candidate of the trades unionists of Lethbridge by a convention
called by the Lethbridge Trades and
Labor Council, and was endorsed by
the Liberal Convention, ostensibly" behind a promise which was, to use his
own words:
0 "If elected, it is my intention to support the Government in all progressive legislation such as will tend to
the development of the Province, because I realize that such development
is necessary to all concerned, and because I realize that I-will have to ask
the Government for their support in
advancing such legislation as is required and asked for by the organized workers of this province. Such
legislation will have to be progressive
in my opinion before it will receive
my supp5rt7affd'in—airiegislatibn~that
District  of  Columbia  Court   Revises
' Sentences on the Labor
WASHINGTON, May, 5.—The contempt of court judgments upon Samuel. Gompers, Frank Morrison, and
John Mitchell, officials of the American Federation of Labor, were sustained today by the Court of Appeals
for the District of Columbia, which,
however, revised the sentences to give
Gompers thirty days' imprisonment
and fine Mitchell and Morrison $500
each, with no jail term.
The chief justice of the court dissenting, held that the entire judgment should "be reversed. The lower
court sentenced Gompers to one year,
Mitchell to nine months and Morison
to six months without the option of
Trained Midwife and Maternity Nurse
McPherson Ave., nr. G.N. Depot
Ads. Classified—Gent a Word
'MATRIMONIAL AGENCY of highest character. Strictly private, up-
to-date, seventh successful year. If
wishing to marry, investigate our plan
—it is different. Ideal Introduction
Club.   Box 1776, Vancouver, B.C. 38-6
FOR SALE—For $200, northeast
portion of Lot 4, block 2, of Lot 5455
West Fernie. Size 55 ft. by 132 ft.
Box 367, Trail; B. C. 38-G
FOR SALE—7 acres, house and barn
one mile from Fernie, two creeks,
well, etc. Easy terms. Apply toC.
Ferguson, Gateway, B.C. 38-6tp
All kinds of Household Furniture
bought in large or small quantities,
also gents' cast-off clothing. Secondhand Store, Victoria Avenue North.
EGGS FOR HATCHING from imported Sicilian Buttercups; great, layers of the day; few sittings-at $4.00
per 15; after May 15th half price.
Fred Pelletier, Fernie, B. C„ Box 1022.
directly or indirectly affects the wage-
workers of this Province I shall always act as I have pledged to them
and as they shall suggest or advise."
The real reason was that they desired  to  hold  their  organization   and
would rather support a candidate   ol
the  Labor   Unions   than  the  sitting
At no time did Jones go beyond
the position here' itated and In supporting him let me say that I at no
time appeared with or for any representative of Uie Liberal Party, but
took the position of supporting a
member of tho United Mine WorkerB
who had already shown his worth to
the members of our organization, and
who could render efficient service to
our mem'bers and to tho organized
labor movement generally at tho ox-
penso of the Government If wo wore
successful In electing him.
True, there were at times situations
arising that could not bo avoided, and
which iwero used ns political capital
by ono or other side in tho contest,
but" I am horo statin?; tho main position which Is tho only one we need
to seriously consider, and for which T
tako full responsibility, knowing full
woll that I was, ln spite of tho many
loud toned opinions to tho contrary,
acting In a manner that would ho to
tho Interests of our momDors ln tho
struggles they still have to carry on.
As to tho question of policy, lot mo
say that it Is my Intention to publish
noxt wook, n full review of tho position of our organization la relation to
tho labor movoment gonorally, as woll
as In relation to the various political
parties and tho Socialist Party ot
Canada In particular.
On thlB occasion I havo trlod as far
ns posslblo to confine mysolf to a discussion of thoso statnmonts thnt havo
already boon broadly circulated, loav-
Ing out of consideration the many
nttompts at vilification that havo boon
Indulged In hy Individuals Inside and
outsldo tho organization, and which
nro mcro matters of opinion and not
of fact: tho morn statomnnt "traitor"
or "apostate" proves nothing whon
used ns It has boon used, and particularly when used hy thn Indlvldunls
who hnvo Indulged,In It, except that
tho Ro-nnlled sclontlflc knowledge
must at some point hn kicking In
dnvolopninnt and that tliolr knowledge
of tho lnbor movoment rnn he summed up hy tho term "nil,"
All thnt T nsk nf our members Is
thnt thoy shnll nt lonst'consider* my
explanations nnd rondor judgment ns
nnnr as possible neeordlnr» to thn flints
nnd not prejudice,
Fraternally yours,
a. STitnns.
FOR SALE—A limited number of
British-made Bicycles direct from factory, Coventry, England;. frame weld-
less steel tube, wheels nickelplated
rims, rustless, spokes, Eadie coaster
brakes, Dunlop non-slip tires; a first-
clas mount in every way; terms. Apply, W. Barton, Singer Sewing Machine Agent, City. ■   , 37-3tp
FOR SALE CHEAP—Two lots in
Athbasca Landing. Apply Box- 25,
Coal Creek. 33tfn
SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Someone will want .those lots in Cedar Valley.   Better see Evans about them.
TO RENT—House of three rooms,
kitchen, two, verandahs. Rental'?10.
Apply Jos. Leonard Allen, Riverside
ave., West Fernie^ 36-3
LOST—A Sorrel-colored pony, wt.
about 800 lbs., white face and one hind
foot. $20 reward. Branded on left
shoulder,Jjj Fred Hutchinson, Michel, B. C. 328
PIGS FOR SALE—Farrowed first
week ln March. Price $10.00 each. T.
V. P. pedigree furnlBhed., Ship April
20th. Harry Anderson, Blrchbank, B.
C. , 32-0tnp
wTjMmmB\.mw.mvif ^Jr tfJfm \S
FOR SALE—Almost now Incubator,
holds 120 eggs. Also brooder, R,
Jonos, West Pernio. 3G3p
Loghoms, descendants of first prizo
wlnnors at tlio world's groatost shows,
such as Madison Square Garden, Now
York, World's Fair, St. Louis, Boston, Chicago, and others. Eggs, 15
for $2,00. P. Finch, Box 44, Coal
Crook. .  " 38-3
standard brod -Mock, White Wyan-
(lottos and Whlto Rocks. $2.r>0 per
sotting Whlto Orpingtons and Barred Rocks, $3.G0 por sotting. Tou-
Imiso Gooso Eggs, 00 conts each, 85
por cont. fortuity guaranteud. Aylesbury Duck Eggs, -fUSO per sotting,
firs DavloB, Fornlo Annex. 30-2
Cemetery Notice
'Ppwutfi vtohfnjj tliolr'lots In Pnmptnry lff'pt in
^ood condition for tlio sennon,   nt   a   reasonable
charge, can mnko arrangements with tho under-
.^ignod.   '■'   r
Funeral Directors'    , fHE DISTBICT LEDGER, FEENIE, B. C, MAY 10, 1913.
i     i~f
r   -
PAGE HTE  /   (
News  iif Tiie  District Camos
»y»»¥VVY»<»¥^¥¥»¥¥ »»¥¥¥¥vxxMMyn.^YYYYYYYYTTrr
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James Gorton suffered a painful injury in the mine onr Saturday morning through a fall of cap-rock and coal.-
The Injury, although painful, is not
Vice-President Jones paid us,a visit
on .Sunday and addressed the members of the local union for a considerable time, especially in regard to the
protests raised against him for his
action in thc recent election. We are
pleased to state that the members of
Hlllcrest Local are satisfied with the
explanation given by Mr. Jones and
that he was perfectly justified in taking the stand ho did.
'Mr. John J. Mclntyre, of Calgary, is
a visitor in town for the last few days.
Mr. J. E. Upton, of Pincher Creek,
was a Hillcrest visitor on Tuesday.
Owen Cooney, of the Rocky Mountain Sanatorium hotel's staff, paid us
a visit on Sunday.
Miss Mary Fuches left on Monday
for Michel where she is going to spend
her vacation. Don't worry, Red, she
is coming .back soon.
The Hillcrest football and baseball
associations held a joint meeting on
the ■ 5th inst. Tho proposed change
in the athletic grounds was discussed
and a satisfactory arrangement was
arrived at. A banner season is as-'
sured for the Hillcrest sports.
The Hillcrest football team journeyed to Michel ou tlie ,3rd inst. and
held the much touted team of Michel
down to a draw and, no doubt, would'
have defeated them had the referee
allowed a goal that was scored by the
Hillcrest boys. However, when they
clash on the 24th of May the least, we
expect is ii—0 in favor of Hillcrest.
The Hillcrest baseball team is to
play the famous C. P. R. team on the
12th of June, Judging from- the way
the Hillcrest boys trimmed them on
the first of-July, 1012, the boxcar men
wil 1 require a stenographer and adding machine to record the score that
will ,be piled up against them.
■++<+&4>*t9+~& +++10+0+++,
♦ "     ♦
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦-»♦»♦♦
The mine's were idle on the first,
it being the day reserved by the U.
.M. W. of A., District 18, for the demonstration at Lethbridge, which un-
of snow. Things were very quiet' iir
The baseball team/visited Hosmer
on May lst and quite a few fans went
along, chiefly females, who took advantage of the ride in rigs, and enjoyed a nice day out. We did not get
the exact score, but it was- in the nature of a score, at a cricket match.
Taking advantage of the idle day
, the football team had a practice game,
when they were opposed by a picked
side from the "has beens" and the1
'would be's." The reprosontive side
being the ono chosen for the league
match against Hlllcrest, and won by
C goals to nil. It would have been
a fair better test for the boys If the
chosen backs had been In opposition
to tho forwards, Instead of a one-sided
affair, which was tho result witnessed. Mlchol cannot boast now of
having too mnny to chooso from.
Jack IJoech has reslgnod his job as
machinist with tho coal company,
which ho hns hold for over flvo years
—-minus tho llttlo break in 1011—to
take ovor the post of onglnoor at tho
Elk Valley Brewery. We wish you
luck in your now job, Jack.
Tho machinist and helpers havo
boon vory busy again last week-end
taking another part of tho "Walker"
compressor to replace the ono damaged at Coal Crook. The most damage
being done in Mlchol at present Is
amongst the horseflosh, nnothor horse
bolng killed In No. 3 Mine East last
The first league match of tho
soason. was played horo hiBt Saturday, and consldoiing tho climatic
conditions, which were Bomowhat
boisterous/and It being tho first
niatoh, tho play was fairly good,
Mlchol woro leading 2—0 at ono timo,
and woro tinfortunnto In missing a
, ponalty, Rut Hlllcrest reduced the
load to 2—1 at half timo, and finally
nqnnll/.od In thn last fow minutes of
tho game, through a misunderstanding
botwoon one of tho Mlchol backs nnd
tho goal keeper—Too late, boysl
Davis proved a good find for tho loft
wing, nnd with morn experience
should mnko good, Tho full team
turned out with tho exception of J Ira
Alooros, tho gonlkeopor, who wns trying his skill ut nnothor pastlmo down
nt Lethbridge.
Mr Lockhart, the manager of Michel
Opera House, has put on a pleasing
addition at the picture show, in supplying good music by "Almonds Orchestra" for, the future.
Hosmer baseball team paid a return
visit to Michel on Sunday last, when
the local team put It all over them to
the tune of 18 runs to 2. The old battery, Miles Eastabrook and Stanley
Todhunter, did the trick and were
backed up by some smart fielders and
batters. There was also a very large
crowd in attendance with lots of
Sorry to see you leaving so soon,
Humphrey, the selection committee on
the football team will have a hard
task to perform ere long to fulfill the
fixtures, there being others on the
regular team leaving shortly.or else
unable to play through various reasons.
Tom Price and "Rock" Sudworth
came in camp last week-end from the
Brazeau River district, where they
have been working of late. "Rock"
says there's lots of dollars,to be got
up there, but the local conditions are
not healthy what with the grub and
the "native" prejudice, it's" a wee bit
ta strong for them.
Archdeacon Beer and the Vicar of
Cranbrook were visitors in Michel on
Tuesday, on business.
iMrs. C. J. Tyler and daughter have
gone on a visit to relatives on the
prairie. ■   ■
The "Hello Girl," Miss Simon's, has
secured a .fresh situation with the
Western ^Grocery down New Town.
Mrs; Wm. Grundy, of Fernie, was a
visitor here last week-end, along with
her grand daughter.      ^   '
United Mine Workers of America
District No. 18
I '
"  i) '
Fernie, B.C., May 5th, 1913.
To the Officers and Members -
Local Unions, Dist. 18,
Owing to C. Stubbs having resigned the Presidency of
Dist. 18, U. M. W. of A., your Executive Board have instructed me to notify you that an Election for that office
will be held on 9th June. Nominations must be in the
District office not later than 24th May,.and the Ballots
returned as per Constitution not later than June 19th.
Yours Fraternally
ALL uoLlg
Briscoo's $40,000 Stock in
Stownrt'n hands to soil without
rof,'nr<I to former coat, loss or profit
Don't fail lo bo hero at 9 n,m,
Rnturdiiy morning, May 3, arid
got your share of tlio bargains.
Slushing price* ■/- to prices find
marking goods as they havo nover
boon innrkeri b'eforo in preparation for this big sulo,
Htore oioHoA Thursday and Fridav to arrange nntl mark down
prices. fi
Blairmoro Alta.
♦♦■»»*»♦♦-» ♦♦»♦♦»♦♦'-»
On finding out that there was to
-he no sports at Lethbridge on May
1st, our local sports got busy and tried
to arrange baseball and football games
with Michel, and after much persuasion1 the baseballers managed to arrange a fixture. A wierd game resulting in a win for Hosmer, the score
at the end of the ninth innings being
22—21 in their favor. 'The baseballers unearthed a promising pinch hitter in the person of Micky Hudock.
The rooting of JaAes Ritchie was also
a big factor in Hosmer's win.
Feeling chesty, the boys journeyed
to Michel on Sunday for a return
game. Unfortunately they forgoi to
ha*v*^aJ<eg_on_the_ground, n.nd,-_tiiis-
resulted in them being on the wrong-
end of the score—15—2.
After due consideration Mr. Brown
has decided not to vacate his position
as timekeeper. Good jobs are evidently hard to get.
A. B. looks gloomy. Visions of a
judgeship are fast fading away.
' Mr. Union Man does it ever strike
you to ask for union made goods when
purchasing? If you don't it is time you
took a tumble. If we expect our fellow workers to work under decent and
humane conditions it is up to us to
see lhat the goods we .buy have the
union label on.
Claronce I-Illtz left. <own for Burton
City, whoro he will reside in future.
Jack Spencer, outside foroman, has
quit and gone to Arrow Park—still the
work continues.
Herb Barlass left for Blairmore
Tuesday night, whero he will bo
stationed for the present., Tho footballers were sore to see htm go.
Don't forgot to loest tho Hosmor
Athloticc Club. We need all the
iromhers wo ran pocsihly got,
Hosmor journeys to I-Illlcrost to
play tho league Infants on Saturday,
and tho following players will represent us: Tlutson, McQueen, Wardrop,
HIce, Dalderatono, Bateman, Lonton,
Rankin, Ba|n Thornton, White; reserves: Barlass and Anderuon.
We. learn on good authority that
Home of the fire bosBos tn B. L. are to
take lossons In,English,
The basoballors on returning by
rigs from Mlchol set a trap for John
and Jim, tho old reliables, hut It's
tho early bird that catches the worm.
Vou can guess who thc Joke was on,
Tho Cllvlllan Rifle Association com-
itioiicq tliolr shooting season on Sunday, Some of,them oxpoct to bo at
Blfiloy noxt year. Timo will toll.
Quito a aumhor of Fernie football-
ors aro offering their Borvlcoa to Hosmor thoso days. It's players wo want
not poddlora. ,
Who ovor hoard of a Welshman
blossoming out aB a hnsobnll magnate? you do try to pull Homo stunts
off, John,
The opening gamo of tho football
Honoon was played Saturday, May 3,
UoBinor having Fornlo for eontostantH,
A fairly largo and onthiinliiRtlc crowd
waa In attendance and witnessed a
keen and stubbornly contested game
which ended In a draw, no goals
lii3lng Hcorod. The defence on both
Hlldoa was good, that of Hoamer bolng
very sound. IIoHinor, ou tho run
of i.|io game should juat about have
won,' allhoiigh there wasn't much In
It. Mitchell, of Coal Crook, handled
iln, j. ia l*i*i auiiuiinilijrili', Uill wotuu,
iu> well ndvlflod tn ppenilate two-WUi!
on n decent wlilnlle.
'.Prosldont Stubbs having resigned
the presidency a call for nominations
has been Issued. AH you gents that
have aspirations In that direction had
liBtter iiuitiui tiuiTidiiy's mtieii/ig.
Tho moving picture mnn wan In
Hosmer getting plcturos of tho Hosmor mine In operation. Wo understand thoy are to he part of fi collection Mint are to ho used for advertising purposes In the Old Countries
of RuroiH\ Won't tho ticket nsent
ho kept busy wben thoy get n glimpse
of the well fed and eoulculcd Individuals emerging from the tuntieh
If we bad a few moro sports Ilka
vou, Jimmy tt would help out a whole
This Is what you hear nowadays at
th* tnnnel month: "Hern you mrv,
bovH ,Uko yo.tr |>lck, Crwrti Uom lino
old country."
We are .pleased to see Jim Langdon
knocking around again without his
crutches. We hope-to see you back
at work, soon, Jim.
the hospital last week-end, where she
has been undergoing an operation.
Coyote street was the scene of a
shooting affray last week-end. Magistrate said, "?10 and costs, jail's full."
Riverside avenue was animated on
Saturday afternoon when Billy Bennett and Jack Cartmell arrived accompanied by their blushing brides, just
out from the old country. The bloodhounds were out, but Walter says,
"Never no more! The wet stuff they
dish out is not palatable." Now, Billy
and Jack, get wise, the bpys are looking forward.to something to celebrate
the event.
Several fishing parties went down
to the river last week-end. We would
like to know who the party was that
called for aid to land the big "catch"
and when it was brought ln was found
to bo a log.   Oh, you Jimmy!
W, 'Bennett was the' holder of the
winning ticket for the watch drawn
for at tho club on Monday. Lucky
Tho monthly tare of cars took placo
on Sunday last.
Mrs. John Rickey of Ferule-was
visiting up horo Thursday afternoon.
Don't forget the basket social and
dnnco on May 23rd on behalf of ..tho
football club. A good timo Is assured.
Further particulars later,
Airs. Lowther Morton was the holder of the winning ticket for tho toilet
sot drawn'for by the Ladles Aid of the
Presbyterian church.
All roads will load to Fornlo football ground on Saturday, May 10th,
when Coal Creek moots Pernio In the
league. Como and boost for the reds.
Our slogan Is;   "Down they go!"
Owing to there being no match in
Conl Creek on Saturdny last, a lnrgo
number of Crebkltos joumoyod to
Hosmor for tho Hosmor vs. Fornlo
A bunch of now arrivals of tho foreign oromont came In on Monday,
Win, Joo Hnmor and Mrs, Jas, Bush-
oil woro visiting ln camp on Monday.
The Misses Stephens woro visitors
up hero last week-end. Tho attractions soom to ho W. M, nnd It. fl.
Thoy make fine escorts, girls. Oh,
you kldsl
Thoro has been weeping and (wall-
Ing and gnashing of teeth thlB week
In the camp as several of tho gentler
sax nro onrouto for England on vacations. Soon the song will ring out,
"There's a girl'wanted thoro." Hitching Is no good, boys. Wo wish tho
ladles, "Hon voyage."
The mines resumed work after ithe
orciKiiovvii uu na-stiay iiiniuigut mum.
'Tlie 'r«i] ("Veil htjrttvm>ti-hly mv
tnklng ndvnntnge of the spring-like
weather, Somo of them nro talking
of haying a show and offering prlzoa I
for best growths. )». c. Uunrdman or
Ur, It. l'uckey will bo pleased to outline the sthenic. Now, you florists,
dig In!
Tho "boys" held a smoker on Saturday nlRht in tho club hull. George
Knox occupied the chnlr. C. Percy
supplied tho music. The following
contributed towards tho programme:
Sonus; Messrs, McMillan, Walker,
Hutchinson. Harper, Egan, Brennan,
Dawauu, Xtewhtji'iy, Mi-Qlury, William**
Gourley, Mlnox, T, Coughlan, Howard.
Recitation. 'The Hago," It. Huberstoy,
"Cock Flghtlwr," C. Percy.
The Coal Creek Amateur Dramatic
Society aro aminnlnr a benefit concert, for June 3rd.  For further particulars no* po«terfl.
Mlsi Ruth Knowles entertained a
large number of friends'at a .birthday celebration at, the home of her
parents, Coyote street, on Tuesday.
Everybody enjoyed themselves, as evidenced by the'' sounds of joy emanating therefrom.
The Coal Creek line-up against Fernie is as follows: "Goal, J. McLetchie
and W. McFegan; half-backs, Yates,
Parnell, and Whyte; forwards:_Booth„
"Partridge," Manning, J. Harper, P.
Armstrong. Reserves,. T. Martin, A.
McFegan, and T. Hutchinson. Referee, Mr. Turnbull, of Hosmer. Kick-
off at 6.30 p.m.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦> ♦
The football season was opened at
Bellevue on Saturday, when the local
team played Blairmore. The game
was a rather one-sided affair from
start to finish, At half time the score
stood 4—0 in favor of Bellevue. Blairmore boys failed to score, thetgame
ending Bellevue 8, Blairmore 0. The
boys had.some hard times trying to
keep their feet, the snow'making bad
on tho field.
Mr. William Galllmore of Fernie
landed In camp this wook and has
started to work at tho machine shop.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Evans was at
Coleman on Thursday on buslnoss.
Miss Maggio Burrows-iwas at Frank
on Saturday visiting friends.
The first of May passed off pretty
qulot In this burg, tho only sport being a football maich In tho evening
between two picked teams of tho
camp's best material. Thoy made It
a draw,
Tho peoplo of the camp and surrounding camps aro going to bo treated to a good fight on tho 17th of May
botwoon Young Manloy, of ■*■ Boston,
and Jack Morrison, of Coleman, Both
mon nre In good condition and a good
fight ls oxpoctod. Tho preliminaries
are between Fred llealo, tho featherweight champion of tho Pass and Dill
Nowton of Bollovuo.
Mr. Parson, the pit-boss at the
Prospect mine, mot with n slight accident In tho mine by a fall of coal,
marking him badly about tho faco,
Local 431 hold their regular mooting on Sunday last,
Mr. Kdward llohorts hns accepted
Mr. JoBoph Radford, who has boon
In onmp for some months past, left
this weok for his home In Red Doer.
Alexander McDonald, an old-tlmro
of the Pass, was In camp rrmnwlng
acquaintances this wook.
Pushing go-cariH with tho brake on
Is one of the Intost stunts with somo
of the litdlos of Mnplo Loaf.
Mrs. Stove Humhlo loaves on a visit to her old home la England on Monday noxt.    She expects to bo away
a Imiiii.   iimu    mullliltt.
Mn. V.. W. Hivhilli. mul Mrs, 3,y>A.
Atkinson  wore nillrrost visitors on
Sunday night.   While thoro thoy rit-
teudud  tho opening  services of tho
now  Methodist rhurch.
The official board bf tho locnl
fiuit'c'n inci in rhe I'liiirch on Tuesday
evening ««d the reports show all departments of tho organization to bo In
a flourishing condition. It Is roportod
that Mr, Irwin, who Is now In charge,
may have to take up shortly work of
a similar nature In Calgary,
Tho H,unU«'» chili havo added a
new sot of parallel bars to thoir gym-
uaaluut uiuliimuut. Tlui boy* him K»'t-
ting down io good hard physical
In order to prevent the waste of
natural gas and to safeguard future
coal mining operations, the Commission of Conservation has recommended in 1911, 1912, and 1913, that
Dominion regulations make provisions Jor_-.the_pIugg!ng-of-gas-weri3-(at-
the time of abandonment) and for the
recording of all drill holes bored, on
Crown lands.
If holes are drilled through coal
measures in order to reach the oil
or gas zone below and, after natural
gas is found, the casing is withdrawn
and the well abandoned, the gas
"feeders" will be of great danger In
future coal-mining operations unless
accurate records are kept of the location of the holes. In fact, not only
should a record be kept of the hole,
but the holes should be filled solidly
and tightly from the bottom of the
well to a firm stratum below the last
strnlg of casnig sot In above the producing oil or gas sands.
As an Instance of tho danger to
coal mining operations arising from
gas wells situated near the mines, the
following examples from the United
States may be noted:—
On Xov. 21, 1912, an explosion occurred in a coal mine near Shlnnston,
W. Va. The explosion was caused by
tho escape of gas from a well situated
thrco or four hundred feet away.
An explosion occurred In two mines
of tho Consolidated Conl Co., In the
Fairmont region, la 1910, which was
proved to bo directly caused by a
capped gus woll,
In June, 1911, an explosion occurred
Free Circus Street Parade 10:30 a.m.
9 bailClS, 250 hOrSeS, elephants, camels-400
people of all climes in native costumes will be shown in parade.
Two shows daily—afternoon at 2, night at 8, doors open at 1
ancL7j&m., Waterproof tents.. Admission 25 cents to see it all
Wc carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :-.        Frank, Alta.
"The Store the People Own"
In a mine near Clarksburg, through
natural gas ■breaking .through Into tho
mine, This mine was situated! 1500
foot away from the gan well,    •„ ■ '■
Owing to the Importance of this
subject to tho National Fuel-Well
Commltteo of the Unltod StatoB havo
prepared an act to r'ogulato tho drilling of oil and gas wells through coal,
Canada might well fopy thlB net
at onco and place It on tho statute
hooks instead of waiting to lonrn
from tho loss of life which will
eventually follow unless this Is done.
New Store of Men's
Wear Will Be Open
Everything that's in
It Is New.
Keep the Money In Coleman
Get the worker* organlied and all
the other things will follow.
Bnch nnnrirsnlied worker Is a weak
link in the chain of labor.
B"™—— "The Quality Storev-±L
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots
"House of Hobberling" Clothing and also Regal Shoes
.ItiKt. arrived, anotlicr shipment of
Extra Choice Eating Apples
$1,75 por box
Good Sound Cooking Apples, $1,50 box
Fresh vi'ifi'UiliU'S tlireo fiinoHH wt*t<]<
Strawberries on Saturday
Tin- Ifixlit liood-s, Tlu- liiuht Tivnti.ii-iil,
Tlie lii'-rlif i'rU-'o, oiicli jiikI every titno,'
We liave always allowed 10 per CCIlt.
uii ihv khi.hK and 6 per cent, off
trroeerifH I'm* .','i^Ih
Phone 25
Victoria St.
Blairmore, Alta. ■r^Wfrfa-ti-'-pati^att.^^ M—l, H»-
1'Hi-   DiSTKIC'    LUDGriit,  FERNIE, B. C, MAY 10, 1913.
That Terrible
Word Revolution
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented.   There
is no hocus pocus ia
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors. SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
, Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
REGINA, May 6—William Trant,
police magistrate of Regina, revealed
a rather curious state of affairs in the
city this morning, when asked by The
Standard if there was anything new
or startling which might have transpired in the city. Be it known that
the magistrate's office is adjacent to
the police court room on the west side
of the building and the office of the
Bureau of Public Welfare, under the
direction of the new secretary, Mr.
Tumiier, is adjucent to the court room
on the east side of the building. Mr.
Trant is one of the main officers of
the Bureau, and as such sees and talks
Tumner many times during
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Regina Plans a System of Easy Payment   on    Houses   and*   Land,
Whereby Housing Problem
May Be Solved
That Regina City Council is a progressive organization is shown by one
of its latest actions. Rentals throughout Western Canada are high .although wages are correspondingly
high. in this particular, Regina is
no exception to the rule. The City
Council, realizing the importance of
lower rentals both to the working
man aud the manufacturer, and the
business man in general, has set
about to solve the rental problem.
Regina is fortunate in that it owns' with Mr
property, including.about half a sec- the day.
tion or so (320 acres) within three- For some time past there has been
nuarters of a mile of tho post office, talk among business men of the city
Alderman ITalleron, a member of tho of bringing a number of artisans to
city council, proposes that lots in this Regina from the Old Country, it be-
section he leased to working men at ing claimed that there should be more
a nominal figure. The lessee will of that class of workmen in the city,
make arrangements for the erection Yesterday a band, numbering some-
of his own home, but it is thought where around the baker's dozen mark,
that the city will bo able to make ar- entered the office of the Bureau of
rangements with firms who are build- Welfare, stated that they were artis-
ing houses and accepting rent as pay- ans and applied for relief. Then was
ment, covering a period of four or unwound the whole sad, sorrowful
five years. tale.    Fascinated by florid tales of a
May Buy Land at Any Time land flowing with milk and honey, the
At the end of ten years the lessee little band were'lured to Regina and
will have the privilege of purchasing arrived here from the Old Land full
the property for the value of the land of hope and optimism,
only, or he may purchase it at any     How different they found everyth-
ttme within ten years. ing!      The most thorough search of
While the city council alms to help the city failed to reveal work for any
the working man it also aims to make one or them. Now the men are preconditions in Regina better for the tically penniless, and instead of the
manufacturer as well. The working abundance of work and good wages
man will be allowed to secure his own whioh they expected to find, they are
home on lower terms than ordinary themselves looking    the    great  god
Shall it Cheer or Frighten the Common People?—Kautsky, the Great
German Social-Democrat, Makes. Its
Meaning  Clear.
Socialist Leaders in
Europe are Brainy
There are few conceptions over
which there .has been so much contention as oyer that of revolution.
This can partially be ascribed to the
fact that- nothing is so contrary to
existing interests and prejudices as
this concept, and partially to the fact
that few things are so ambiguous.
As a rule, events can not be so
sharply defined as things. Especially
is this true of social events, which are
extremely complicated, and grow ever
more complicated the further society
advances—the more various the forms
of co-operation of humanity become.
Among the most complicated of these
events is the social revolution, which
is a complete transformation ot the
wonted forms of associated activity
among men.
It is no wonder that the word,
which everyone uses, but each one
in a different sense, ls sometimes used
by the same person at different times
in very different senses. Some understand by "revolution" barricades,
conflagrations of castles, guillotines,
September massacres and a combination of all sorts of -hideous things.
Others would seek to take all sting
away from the word and use it in the
sense of great but imperceptible arid
peaceful transformations of society,
like, for instance, those which took
place through the discovery of America or by the invention of the steam
engine. Between these two definitions
there are many grades of meaning.
rental. The property which the city
proposes to use is situated immediately north of the warehouse section.
There was considerable discussion
over Alderman Halleron's suggestion:
Hunger in the face at something less
than a dozen paces.
Mr Tumner, upon hearing the story,
conferred with the kind-hearted magistrate and the two discussed what
The difficulty suggested   itself   that had best he done.     It was finally de
cided that it would he better to refer
the matter to the health and relief office under charge of Dr. Bow, and
this was accordingly done. Just what
success the strangers met with there
is not known, but it ispresumed they
•The Stan-
people would not build homes on leas
ed ground, 'but the alderman had
studied the* matter carefully and had
devised a means of getting over that
difficulty as stated above. The matter has been referred to the city commissioners to work out the details.— will not starve to death.-
Regina Ex.' dard.
"To Help Workingmen Buy Their Own Homes"(!) Were it not for the
grevious wrong that is being done to those* who come out to this country
relying upon the exaggerated and absolutely false* reports of the various
transportation companies who flood the old countries with their fairy tales,
the above cuttings would be humorous in their absurd contradictori-
ness. Yet there are many who^ will tell you we are more advanced, here
in tho old countrics(!)—No, Siree! X-o-o!—They are more intelligent!
"... he may purohase it at any time within, ten years." If he has not
died of starvation, and in the event of such a calamity—it will be unfortunate! But why trouble? The genii (one Alderman Halleron) has attend-
to all these details.—Ed.
COAL mining rights of tho Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tlio Yukon Territory, tlio North
Wont Territories and ln a portion of
the Provinco of British Columbia, may
bo leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of (1 an acre.
Not moro than 2,500 acres wil bo leasea
to ono applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by tlio applicant In parson to thn
Anront or Sub-ARQnt of tho distriot, in
which tli» rights appllod for aro situated.*
In survoyed territory the land must be
described by sumions, or logal sub-divisions of sections, and In uiiNurvoyod
territory tlio tract appllod for shall bo
staked out by the applicant himself,
Each apllcatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of %t> wliich will bo refunded If
the rights applied for aro not available,
but not otherwise A royalty shnll be
paid on the merchantable output ot tho
mine at the rate of five conts per ton.
' Tho person operating tho mine shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn roturns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mlnod an dpay tho royalty thereon. If the conl mining
righto aro not bolng operated, suoh
returns should be furnlBhed at least
onco a yoar,
Tho lease will Include tho coal mlslng
rights only, but tho lotmoomay bo permitted to purchano whatever available
surface rights may bo nonnldorod no-
oessnry for the working of tho mine
at tho rato of fltuio an aoru, ,
For full Information application
should bo made to tho Heerotary of the
Department of the Intorlor, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Hub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
W, W. Cory,
Deputy Minister or tlio tniorUr.',
N.B--tJnautliorlsed publication of.Oil**
advertisement will not bn paid for.
The Canadian Canning Company,
which is established on the Fraser
River, and whose local director and
manager is Captain H. M. Fleming,
announce that they are about to discharge their Chinamen, who are employed in their canning factory, and
replace them with Scotch girls, 24
of whom are being brought out from
Eymouth, Berwickshire, for that purpose, A good deal of fulsome humbug
surrounds the venture, but "The British Columbian" comes near to the
truth aB wo know it, The following
ls a quotation from a news article In
Its columns this weok: "Captain
Flomlng has not only sentimental reasons for replacing IiIh Chlnoso by
white girls. Ho has investigated'thoir
capabilities and holiovos that ho can
increase the output of his Chlnoso
crew, which was 32,000,cans per day,
to from 50,000 to 00,000 cans per day.
Tho Scotch girls will ho put on In two
shifts, and aro reported to be quicker
and moro efficient than the Chinese
Another advantage anticipated by Captain Flomlng will result from direct
control of the working forco, Instead
of tho Indirect control ot tho Chlnoso
Hocnrod through, tho medium of tliolr
own head man." Reduced to Its oh-
sontlalH, wo who havo studlod this Industrial qnostlon know that tho foregoing amountB to this and no moro
or loss, A Chinaman Is not employed
hocaiiHo ho Is a Chinaman, nor ls any
Orlontal omployod bocauso ho Is yol-
low, hlnck, 'green or blun, but for thn
one roason that ho Is cheap.   And If
Chinamen are to be replaced by any
other form of labor no matter from
whence it may come, the reason is because the labor can be obtained
cheaper' than the Chinamen. O shades
of Bonnie Scotland!
It's enough to make Bobbie turn in
his grave! 'Well, we shall see how
it works out. We have seen the bon-
nle lassies who come from Scotland
each year to handle the hecrlng catch
at Yarmouth, England. And we are
much mlstnlton If that type of woman
will stand for some of tho things
which the Canadian Canning Company
may think tliey can put over them.—
B.C. Fedomtlonlst,
Marx, in his introduction to the
"Critique of Political Economy," defines social revolution as a more or
less rapid transformation of the foundations of the juridical and political
superstructure of society arising from
a change in its economic foundations.
If we ' hold:! close''tb".this, definition we
at once eliminate from the idea> of social revolution "changes in the,economic foundations," as, for example,
those which proceeded from the steam
engine or the discovery of America.
These alterations are the causes of
revolution, not the revolution itself.
But I do not wish to confine myself
too strictly to this definition of social
revolution. There Is a still narrower
sense in which we can use it. In this
case it does not signify either the
transformation of the juridical and
political superstructure of society, but
only some particular form or particular  method  of  transformation.
Every Socialist strives for social
revolution in the wider sense, and yet
there are Socialist who disclaim revolution and would attain social trans-
formation only through reform.   They
' BRUSSELS, May 3.-—Two men have
come to the forefront of political ac-
tention as the result of the recent
political strike in Belgium, each adding to his record as a successful Socialist leader and also to his popularity. They are men of widely, divergent characteristics, Emile Vandervolde, the gifted and brilliant intellectual, and Eduard Ansoole, the
youthful enthusiast, and each in his
particular field contributed materially
to the measurable progress made in
the past month toward manhood suffrage in Belgium.
VanderVolde, who has led tho Socialists of this country since the death
of Jean Volders, is approaching his
fiftieth year. • In his youth he studied
law, but his interest in social questions prevented his practicing. He is
possessed of high literary gifts, a
wide knowledge, and is an able statesman. Of markedly pale complexion,
slightly aquiline nose, and penetrating eyes, Vandervolde's face once
seen is rarely forgotten. He was
elected to the Chamber of Deputies
in 1894, and rapidly * distinguished
himself by his eloquence and intellectual superiority. As a speaker he
is remarkable for his distinct utterance, the preciseness and clearness
of his thought vand the logic of his
reasoning. He is a magnificent' debater, never losing his temper, and
keeping his head in the most difficult
Vander/olde's reasons for belonging to the Socialist party are rather
those of the head than the heart. His
convictions are purely intellectual.
He is, and always baa been, a determined opponent "of the recent general
strike, which he believes will only delay the triumph of the cause of Socialism. But the majority of the party
having pronounced in favor of the
strike, Vandervolde bowed to the decision and co-operated in the common
work to the best of his ability.
The other Socialist leader, Eduard
Ansoele, founder of the "Vooruit" of
Ghent, presents a striking contrast
in every way to Vandervolde. Of
open and engaging countenance, possessed of a warm and vibrant voice,
Ansoele charms all/who comein contact with him. He is an excellent
speaker, using a wealth of imagery
to convey his meaning, which he further enforces with vigorous gestures.
Possessing no personal means, he
lives on his deputy's salary of $800 a
year and an income of $418, which he
gets as a director of the "Vooruit."
He contributes nearly half this small
Say, brother, are you one of the
fellows who continually asks: • "Why
don't THE UNION do this or that?"
Can't you understand that the
union is not a THING? Can't you
see it is composed of human beings,
just like you, who, if they withdraw
from the local, nothing remains?
The charter, the seal, the desk and
stationery of a union means nothing.
The whole outfit may cost $30 or
?40—they are only emblems and
.unless backed by YOU, are just so
much junk. And what can your officers do? They are like a ship's
pilot without wheelsman, deck hand;
engineer, and coal stoker, The pilot
can give orders, but there's nothing
doing. The vessel won't move.
There's no force behind.
Don't think a charter on tho wall
and a full set of officers amount to
anything as long as you stand aloof
and ask questions about THE UNION.
Just remember, YOU'RE IT. The
day of miracles has gone. Manna from
heaven will not come down to sus
tain you. You'll have to help yourself.. When you get other's to think
this way, and THEN ACT, you have
a union—not a "paper" union—but a
REAL union.—Toledo Union Leader.
If fasting clears the brain the unemployed must surely be not only
hungry but brainless. Otherwise they
would refuse to starve. ■,■,.■'
The introduction card of every wage
worker should be a paid up union
card.   It shows. -        .     ',   ■
'■    Vniinfi Mum  Vnimn Wnmart, WMrH Tin Vnur Prafart
A NICE FULL, HEALTHY Head of hair on a clean nnd healthy acnlp,
timo ttotit UUUTtLTlOS, or *% UAhU tittAU md *% UlUklAtiUU <Ui*4 irriu-
bio scalp covered with scales commonly culled DANDIIUPP?
SCALES ON THE 80ALP, or an Itchy irritation Ib POSITIVE PJIOOF
your hair and scalp Is in a DISEASED condition, as scale, commonly called
DA.NDHUPF, originates from ono of tho following PARASITICAL. DIS-
KASESof tho CAPILLIAllV Qlnndi), such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis.
fc-WWV'-t.,   ,,\*vy«*-U. Wt,   WVl*<iwUA4f   .S.W-A  V-fc ■»****,>*   IM   tHrA*.,!.  ,t~  **..». v..-a..**   U..94 U.I *„J£)
unless cured boforo tho a BUM has tho CAPILLARY Glands dostroyod.
DALDNKS8 snd tho LOSS of hair is absolutely unnecessary and very un-
ALL DISEASES OP THE HAIR Fade away llko DHW undor my scientific
, treatment, and I positively have the only system of treatment so (nr
DISEASES of tbe hair and promoUag now growth. Tbo balr can be fully
restored to Ua natural thlckneBB and VITALITY on all heads that still
show fine hair or fuss to prove the roots are not dead.
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM Of treatment for out-of-thft-ClTY people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment (WIUTW TODAY) for
question blank and full PARTICULARS. Enclose stamp, and mention
tbls paper, My prices and terms ara reasonable My cures are POSITIVE and PERMANENT.
"Consult the Out, and Profit by CS Years Practical Experience
The World's most Scientific Hair and Bealp tpselsllst
Non-unlonlBin ln tho South Wales
coalfield uiul tho safest and most ef-
foctlvo monHiiroB to deal with It formed tho mnln subject of discussion by
tho Executivo Council of. the South
Wales Minors' Federation nt Cardiff
on April 10th, Reports wore given of
the position of affairs in each district
and tlio tilopu taken to carry out tho
resolution pnBBod nt tho Federation
Conference to tako unltod notion on
tho question, It was stated that in a
fow canon no notices at all hnd_beon
toiidorod, whilo In other ensos 20nys
notice had hoon glvon. In other cases
the notices terminated at thc end of
tho month, It was also stated that
thousands of mon had not compiled
with the rocommondatlon of tho con-
tral authority, ovon whoro tho local
lodgo committees hnd dono bo, Tho
further difficulty waB pointed out that
If tho 28 days notlcofl woro acted upon'" oporntloiiB would coaBo two days
boforo tho ond of tho month unions
tho mon got thomaolvos ro-ongngod,
It was explained that ninny thousands
of men Iuul Joined tho Fodoratlon
slnco April lut, nnd thoso lattor woro
now dtiRlroiiR of noting In conjunction
with tho Federation, An agent sta tod
that In h!» district, while at tho bo-
Binning of tho month contributions
woro only recorded ln rospoct of 2,000
momhorH, tlio last contributions received wore In rospoct of nonrly 11,000
mon. In tlio Rhondda district thoro
was an Increase of membership from
18,000 to ovor 35,000, A resolution was
j/uajlu uuiiiuil^'mt, iuv Uttttmit, ttj in'm-
draw their ?.K flnyn* notion nnd tn plvi>
84 hours notion at thn ond of the
month, so that on Mny 1 nil workmen
should bo froe, and tbat tboy should
not return to work until tho non-unionists had Joined tbo tFoderatlon,—
P. V. WHELAN, Manafler.
Rates $2.00 and up
Het and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street
Billiard and
Pool  Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
J. Graham, ?™2i
Tho City of Toronto haa been legislatively glvon "permission" to "inter
Into an agreement to purchase tho
street railway plant" In Vancouver
the city council has not even the legal
right to negotiate for tbe purchase of
the telephone system.
or course tba bif strlko In Belgium
was all right—the workers won,
Otherwise levarat thousand reasons
could bava been adduced by prattlers
who permit tba dally press to do their
thinking for tbem,
contrast social revolution with social
reform. It is this contrast which we
are discussing today in our' ranks. I
wish here to consider social revolution
in the narrow sense of a particular
method of social transformation.
The contrast hetween reform and
revolution does not consist in the application of force in one Case and not
in the other. Every juridical and political measure is a force measure
which is carried through by the force
of the state. Neither do any particular forms of the application of
force, as, for example, street fights, or
executions, constitute the essentials of
revolution in contrast to reform.
These arise from particular circumstances, aro not necessarily connected
with revolutions, and may easily accompany reform movements, Tho
constitution or the delegates of the
third estate at tho national assembly
of Fr.tiu.-3. on Juno 17, 1789, was nn
eminently revolutionary act with no
apparent uso of forco. This same
Franco >hnd, on tho contrary, in 1774
and 1775, great Insurrections for tho
slnglo and ln no way revolutionary
purpose of changing tho broad tax In
ordor to stop tho" rise In the price of
Tho roforonco to street fights and
executions as characteristic of revolutions Ib, however, a clue totho Bourco
from which wo can obtain Important
teachings ns to tho essentials of revolution, Tho groat transformation
which hogan ln France In 1789 has
become tho classical typo of revolution. It Ib tho ono which Is ordinarily
ln mind when revolution Is Bpoken of.
From It wo can host study tho obboii-
tlalfl of revolution and tho contrast between It and reform, This rovolutlon
was procodod by a sarlos of of forts nt
reform, amoritf which tho boat known
nro thoBo of Turgot. Those attempts
In many cases almod nt tho snmo
things which tho rovolutlon carried
out. What t'llBtlngulnhod tho roforms
of Turgot from the corresponding
monouroB of tho revolution?' llotwoon
tho two lay the conquest of political
powor by a now olaflfl, and In this Hob
tho OBBontlnl dlfforonco botwoon rovolutlon and reform. Measures which
seek to adjust tho juridical and political superstructure of society, to
changed economic conditiona, nro reforms If thoy procood from the class
whioh Ih tho political and economic
rulor of Bocloty. Thoy nro reforms
whether they are glvon freely or so-
cured by the pressure of tbo subject
class, or conquered through tho power
ot ciii-tittiStLitiCiiH. On Iho contrary,
thoso measures aro the results of revolution If thoy proceed from tho class
which has been economically and politically opprossod and who havo now
captured political pnwnr nnd who
must In their own Intorest moro or
less rapidly transform the political
and Juridical superstructure and
create new forms of social eo-opera-
*    *    * " "" "   .'!
The conquest of tbe governmental
power by an hitherto oppressed class,
iln othor words, a political revolution,
is accordingly the essential characteristic of social revolution In thia narrow sense, In contrast with aoclal reform. Those who repudiate political
revolution aa the principal means or
social transformation or wish to con-
flue. U»U to autb maasutaa aa Lave
re^'enue"to""tiie".Socialist cause.
Unlike Vandervolde, Ansoele is a
working man and the son of a working min. He has kno.vn tho world's
rough hand. -His fat.iei\-was a shoemaker, but wanting earnestly to give
his sons some education, 'lie labored
with exitreme self-renunciation to this
end. Young Ansoele was employed in
turn by an architect, a seedsman and
a cloth merchant. One evening he
entered a Socialist meeting and was
so profoundly impressed by the picture of the misery of the people
drawn by the speakers that ho at once
enrolled himself in the ranjts of the
"International." The next day, having confided his new political' views
to his employer, he was summarily
dismissed. Not daring to show himself to his father, he ran away to Antwerp, whence he worked his way to
London. During six months lie wandered about tho British capital often
sleeping under tho bridges. Ho trlod
to enlist, but was rojectod on account
of his lack of Inches.  ,
Eventually tho young, man returned
to Ghent, whoro ho became a printer.
■In association with others ho organized a eo-oporntlvo bakory. This was
tho beginning of tho "Vooruit" now
famouB throughout Belgium, Vooruit
is a FlomlBh word moaning forward,
and It has'become .a'rallying'cry. of
the Socialists of Ghent. Tlio organization, which at tho ond of Ub first
yenr countod only COO momhors, now
has ovor 10,000 nnd It owiib ward-
houses and othor buildings valuod at
nearly $100,000.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try'our
Special Sunday
Hixon   &
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
Tinsmiths and
Tel, 153       P.O. 1063
Fernie, B. C.
It's a mistake to imagine that limited brains and" Intelligence'confronted
with tho "Oh, what's tho ubo spirit"
prevalent in some of our local unions
can ovorcomo tho "down and outnoBB"
fooling and forgo to-the front with
real buccobs porchod on high, - To
accomplish , groat things, with, bucIi
handicap Ib, It anything, about as
cIobo to bolng a mlraolo as nny which
nnolont church history records,
Whoro a mnjorlty of tha members of
a local union firmly bollovo that thoy
and tliolr organization Ib a failure
thoro la nothing short of disaster In
sight for thorn, In fact, tf anything
else woro to happen l( might provo
hurtful, In a numbor of ways unnecessary to mention,—Mlxor and Sorvor.
■"*■•'*••   ";    " ■ '   ''
Over McLean's Drug Store
Our new Suitings are here. Splendid wearers,
handsome' tweeds and worsteds: Drop in and' inspect them.
Latest New York and Paris Styles
Genuine French System of Dry Cleaning
Ladles' Fancy Garments a Specialty.   Feathers,
Furs, Gloves, Ladles', or Men's Hats cleaned or
dyed and blocked, any stylo.
At reasonable prices.
Out-of-town work attended to promptly
were the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
3AM GRAHAM, Msnsger PHONE 41
boon grantod by tho ruling class aro
social reformers, no matter how muoh
their social Idoaa may antagonize existing social forma, On the contrary,
:::.y i\.i !.; .. itv^lullk/uiii \\\,*i nvuka
to -nnnqunr Ihn political pnwfr for nn
hitherto oppressed class, and bo doos
not Iobo this oharactor If ho proparoB
and hastens this conquest by social
reforms wrostod from tho ruling
^lanBOB. Tt lu not tho striving after
jwiciAii cciutiM but Uio ia putit cont In-
inn of one's self to them which distinguishes tho social reformer from
tbo social revolutionist. On the other
hand, a political rovolutlon can only
become n social revolution when It
proceods from an hitherto socially oppressed class. Such a class Is compelled to complete Its political emancipation by Its Bocinl emancipation,
because Us previous social position Is
In Irreconcilable antsionlim to its
political domination, A split In thp
ranks of tho ruling daises, no matter
even If It should tako on the violent
form of civil war, la not a social revolution,
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
the Best of
* *  ii <
Fine Mockwear, Sox, Caps, Undorwoar, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots & Shoes, como to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
 i....   ———' ,  "  '   —'''   ' '* **-*■      ••
Everything sold with a guarantee that if not satisfactory, you can return it ar.d got your monoy trnok UlUil 1iMq
- J (
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Liniment ,
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
-   attention
THOS. DUNCAN; Passburg
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us youp orders
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Fernie Hotel
Moals that tasto like
-mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Joe. Grufton, Proprietor.
in the Pass
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdressing Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter
Ben Wallace
Liquor Co.
Wholosalo Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
Island Mineworkers
Stand Firm
Mon-unibn Men Join Unionists—
0<preators Threaten to Close
for Six Month
Only 25 Per Cent. Vote—Men^Refuse
To Work
NANAIMO, B. C, May 5.--Out of a
total of 2000 employees of the district
mines, only 478 cast ballots Saturday
on the question, "Shall we live vip to
our agreement, and go' to work?" 432
voting "Yes," and 44 "No." Two ballots were spoiled.
At. the conclusion of tho vote the
joint committee, representing the
miners not members of the United
Mine Workers issued tha following
"The vote cast today was 432 in
favor of going to work, and 44 against.
This on the face of it is a handsome
majority of the votes cast,,hut in view
of the slimness of the vote we deem it
inadvisable to go to work. While we
do not admit a defeat, we advise the
men who had the courage of their
convictions and came out to vote to
keep auiet and await developments."
This statement was signed by the
Just what move the mine owners intend taking in view of recent developments will not he known for several
days. Meanwhile the mines will remain closed. United Mine Workers
officials who called the strike, declare
the settlement will not be made until
ordered by their organization.
Mines May Shut Down Six Months
■ NANAIMO, B. C, May 6.—Mine
owners refuse to allow the miners to
go hack tb work, after their sudden
cessation of work.
A proclamation ^was issued by the
owners to the effect that if the miners did not return to work yesterday,
the mines would be shut down for six
As none of the miners took any
notice of the proclamation it is probable that the owners will enforce their
The old shafts which were to be
abandoned have been flooded and the
piimps removed. Work is now at a
standstill and neither side have yet
made any move towards reconciliation.
The men are being given strike pay
and it looks like a prolonged struggle
of the United Mine Workers of America to call a general strike in all tbe
Vancouver Island collieries in sympathy with the miners of the Extension and Cumberland' districts, who
have been out for nearly eight months.
It is contended that while the other
island mines continue to work, the
trouble at Ladysmith and Cumberland
will not be settled, as only tho force of
a coal famine will Induce the government to grant an investigation into
working conditions, which is the cause
of the strike.—Vancouver Sun.
For our Foreign Brothers
To Force Enquiry_lnto_CoaLStrlke-le
Union  intention
NANAIMO, May 4.—It. is reported
that it is the intention of the officials
Have you heard about Peps ?
Peps is a new scientific
preparation put up into tabloid
or pastille form, which provides an entirely new and
effective treatment ior coughs,
colds and lung and throat
There is no connection
between the lungs and the
Suppose something were
wrong with your stomach—
say indigestion, or ulceration
would you think of taking
some medicine which went—
not to your stomach, but to
your lungs ?  Certainly not I
Why then, when your lungs
and chest are affected, should
you dose your stomach—an
absolutely separate organ—*
with medicine ? Is it not far
better to treat the ailiag organ
The following communications have
been received from President Foster
of "District 28, U.M.W. of A., and explain reason for calling all men out.
United Mine Workers of America
District 28
Seattle, Wash., April 30, 1913.
Mr. Robert Poster, President District
28, United Mine Workers of America, Nanaimo, B.C.
Dear Sir and Brother:—A number
of months ago Mr. John P. White,
president of the United Mine Workers
of America, invited the mine owners
operating on Vancouver Island to attend a conference to formulate a joint
agreement covering working conditions in the mines* on Vancouver Island, This invitation .received no response from the' mine owners. Instead,,1 the Canadian Collieries Company forced the men of Cumberland
and' Ladysmith into a strike which
has now lasted more than seven
months. During, this strike the men
of Nanaimo 'and South Wellington
have not been called upon to suffer
any personal inconvenience or financial loss. However, the other companies operating on the Island are
co-operating with the Canadian Collieries Compnay in a hopeless effort to
defeat the men of Cumberland and
Therefore, using the authority given me by President White, and in order that we may combat solidarity
with solidarity, I hereby instruct you
to call a strike of all the men employed in and around,all the mines at Nanaimo, South Wellington and Jingle
Pot, the strike to begin May lst and
to continue until a joint working
agreement between the United.Mine,
Workers of'D'istrict 28 and the mine
owners on Vancouver Island has been
secured; said agreement to carry increased prices for labor and improved,
conditions of employment.
You'will please see tha(t a force of
men sufficient to protect mining property is permitted to work so long as
the companies do not attempt to ship
coal. All other men should'be urged
to join the strike.
You should also exert every effort
to prevent unlawful or abusive tactics 'by the men during this contest,
and you will also make a diligent effort to secure the names.of all men
who refuse to respond to the call to
strike so they may be published
throughout Canada, Great Britain and
the United States.
The men Involved, union and nonunion, will receive the financial sup-
■port of tho International .Union as
long as the strike lasts.
This decision has beon reached only
nftor months of mature consideration,
Tho time ls now horo for, the men of
Nanaimo and South Wellington to
provo thoir worth. If thoy show tho
same fighting spirit as their brothers
of Cumborlnnd and .Ladysmith, May
1st will Bee the dawning of brighter
days for tho mine workors on Vancouver Island.
Yours frntornally,
Roprosontlng  International  Union,
U. M. W. of A,
Sedaj  meseca  aprila bo  eno  leto,
od' kar so premogarji    v    Kanawha
valley,  v W. Va., bili primorani za-
stavkati.   Zastavkati   so,    ker    pre-
mogarski   baroni   niso   izpolnili   ob-
Ijube    in    prlpoznali    plaCIlne   lest-
vice,  ki je bila  sprejeta na premo-
garski     konferencl     v     Clevelandu,
Ohio,     med     zastopniki     premogar-
ske   organjzacije,   U.   M.   W.   of A.
in   lastniki   premogokopov* .   S prva
so je s tavka vrsila mirno, to je, da
so   prizadeti   premogarji   jednostav-
no   opustili   delo,   trudne   In   izmu-
Cene   roke   vtaknill v 2ep In Cakali,
kdaj   se    bo   pijavkam CloveSke kr-
vi    zljubilo    pripoznatl    par    malih
drohtln   ubogim   in   trpc2im   premo-
garjem.     To se §o ni izvrSllo do sedaj.     Namesto tega so premogarski
baroni   izgnall   ven    lz   lesenih    ln
razbitih     bajt     vse    Strajkarje    in
njih    druiine.     Po raznih    agentlh,
kl    imajo  frazo    "miii  rojak"    ved-
no  na jezku, Jmportirali  , so    skebe
rnzli5nih  narodnosti.      Priskrbeli  so
si   bando   professionalnih   morllcev,
jih  oboroSlll  z  vsem   modernlm mo-
rilnim    oroijem,    in  s  to bando so
poskuSali    za5eti    delati    v    rovih—
pa   ni   in   ni   slo.   Strajkarji so stall
trdno,  kot   skala,   med   njimi  nl  bi-
Io slabotne2ev, vsi   so   se   zavedali
polozaja,   v   kterem   so   se   nahajali
Skebi   so   naredili   veS  Skode  kot
koristi, zraven tega so pa tudi mo-
rali    kapitalisti    vse    p'rofesionalne
morilce   dobro   plaCati,    ker    druga-
5e   ti   "gentlemen"    ne   vrse' svoje-
ga    "junaskega"    dela.      To vse je
premogarske    barone     sllrib    jezilo.
Da    se    nad    strajkarji   , masfiujejo,
presjtrbeli     so     profesionalni    uio-
rllcem, ■ ki   -so , cuvali   skebe,   opoj-
nih    pijaC.      Alkohol,    pri zve'reh v
Cloveski   podobi   je  -vrSil   doslednje
svoje    nalogo.       Zverinski   inStinkt
morilcev se ,je §e poveCal.   Za£eli so
napadati   in.   pretepati   mime  Straj-
ikarje.     Kadar   ni   bilo   Strajkarjev
doma   pri   druzinah,   je   ta   zverjad
vdrla   v   njih   stanovanja,   oneCasti-
la zene in dekleta, pohistvo pa raz-
■bila.      Ker  se  je  to  ponavljalo,  so
bili       strajkarji      sami      primorani
zgrabiti za-orozje.     Vnel se je hud
in  vro5 boj.      Dosti  strajkarjev  je
padlo    in    mofiiio    s    svojo    krvjo
zemljo,    o    kateri    patriotje    vedno
govore,   da   je   svobodna.   Ta boj so
je   nadaljeval   celo   leto    in    zimo,
nadaljuje se §e sedaj.     Koliko straj
karjev   je   izgubilo   svoje   2ivljenje
ni znano.     Govori se,   da   je   samo
kapitalistienih    berifiev     padlo     do
150, ako ne ve*£.     Kot je Ze sploh
navada     v     sedanji     kapltalistiCnl
dru£bi,    vlada _podplra_,in_dr2i—s-
premogarskimi   baroni;      Poslada   je
veSj  stotnij    vojaStva    v    prizadete
kraje   in    proglasila    dvakrat    voj-
no stanje,   katero   je Se sedaj pro-
glaSeno.     Do sto Strajkarjev je za-
prtih    in-   obdolZenlh radi zarote in
umorov.      Vsi   prldejo   pred   vojno
sodlSCe.     Jako   je    dvomljlvo,. ako
si    bodo    upall   katerega   obsoditl,
naj si Ze bo radi zarote all umora.
■Ce  bi  pa ga, bl toil to  gotovo  po-
vod k nadaljnemu  boju.   Govori' Be,
da Ce bo kteri   od   Strajkarjev   ob-
sojen,  bo  na  tisofie   in   tlsoCe  prc-
mogarjev    zagrabllo    za    oroBje    in
ga   z   orozjem   osvobodllo   aii   pa
njegovo  smrt  maSCovalo.   '. Nekatori
komaj    eakajo "spomladl   in    tople-
ga   vremona,   da   hi   narava   zopet
ozeleneln, da bi so zamogll pod za-
SCItom   zolonega   prta   narave- ma-
SCevati   nad   svojlmi   zakletlmi   sov-
Cuje se, da profesionalni morll-
ci'— vojnkl In prlvatnl berlfil
druZb — imnjo vsakojako izgdvo-
ro samo da dobo dovoljonjo zapu-
stltl omenjenl okrnj. Tlsti pa, kl
pozmijo znafinj promogarjov, go-
voro, da zapufiCnjo okrnj lo radi
toga, da so Izognojo innSPovanja
od  premognrsko   stranl.
To so razmere, v knterlh so nn-
hnjnjo promognrjl Kanawha valley, v W. Va.
Dallav miniera "Cincinnati" di Fin-
ley, Pa., dove la scorsa settimana av-
venue la tremenda cata strofe miner-
aria, della quale deramo ampi particoi-
ari, sono gia slati estratti 96 cadav-
eri. Fra colore che son rimasti vltt-
ime dello spaventoso disastro, vi sono
i-- seguenti connazionali: Giuseppe
Galante, Maurizio Bilotti, Giacomo
Troncati, Ercole Buttafave, Andrea
Pasenetti, Francesco Filippini, Felice
Donina, Giuseppe Prugnone, Cesare
Marucci, Battista Polohioli, Giacomo
Zanotti, Giuseppe Donati, Anselmo
Spadaccino, Bernardo Vincenti e P.
Sembra pero che fra 1 morti vi si-
ano parecchi altri Itallani, non anco-
ra Identificatl.
Le autorita hanno ordinato una ri-
glda investigazione per appurae a chi
aBpettino le responsabilita della catas-
trofe immane, che ha gettato tante
famiglie nel lutto e nella disperaziono.
L'ingegnere James E. Roderick, capo del DIpartimento Statale delle Miniere, che trovasi sopra il luogo per
I'lnchiesta, ritiene che il disastro sia
dovuto alia negligenza criminosa di
alcunl cap! della miniera, i quali sono
rimasti anch'essi vittime* dell'esplosl-
I morti in maggior parte sono neri
e Slavi.
La miniera "Cincinnati," scena dell-
attuaie disastro, dista solo 10 miglia
da Marienna, dove cinque anni or sono
250 minatori furono uccisi da un'es-
Nel  West Virginia
Nel West Virginia continua lo sciopero del minatori, ed essi sono de-
cisi arimanere lontani dalle miniere
sino a quando le loro paghe non sar-
anno rialzate in modo da pjoter dare"
loro da vivere e condizioni piu umaue
di lavoro. I minatori Italian! e ma-
novali in generale, stiano lontani dalle
Paint Creek: Mucklow, Standar,
Wacomah, Timsburg, Burwell, Imperial, Keeferton, Kingston e Mailan.
Da Cabin Creek, Day Branch, Ron-
da, Miami, Oakley, Kayford, Acme,
Red Warrior, Cherokee, Decoat, Lee-
wood, Highcoal, Weeb, River Siding,
Leevale,  sul  Coal River.
Non iasciatevi convincere da Agen-
ti bugiardi e interessati, e non mac-
chiatevi dell'odioso nome di crumiro.
Le ultime notizie giunie dal luogo
dello sciopero recano che l'intromis-
sione del Governatore der-Wcst Virginia fra i minatori scioperanti ed I
padroni delle miniere di quello Stato,
sembra cho abbia dato buoni rlsult-
Secondo un telegramma da Charleston, W. Va., pare infattl che lo sciopero sia stato ormai composto e cho i
minatori si preparino a tornare a lavoro.
Non sappinmo ancora se la notlzia
sia vera o no; attendiamo qulndi Ja
couferma o la smentita.
Dr. C. J. Hastings, a medical health
officer, is on the irall of his old enemies, the house fly, and the mosquito.
"I Intend to conduct a campaign of
prevention," said the medical health
officer, "by the abolition of all possible breeding places."
"If we find any place which can be
shown to be a breeding ground for
flies the person' responsible for it will,
after due notice, be summoned to the'
police court and prosecuted."
This applies particularly to garbage-1
kept in open receptacles, and unclean-"
stables. j
"We also intend to spray0 all Iow-i,
lying places and  ponds of stagnant''
water with crude petroleum," said the.',
M.H.O., "so as to prevent the breeding'
of mosquitoes." '"
"You All Know Its Good"
Coming on its own special R.R.
trains of 25 double length cars
Everything: New for 1913
FernierTuesdayrMay 9^nr
Two Performances   At 2 and 8 p.m.
d all lung, n-l
io»t  trou. _W
91.      Ptpi""*
NAME 8EC. and P. 0. ADDRRE88
Bankhond...,  P. Whontiny/nnnhhcad, AM«">
JJoavor Crook ........ D. Komp, Ttanvnr CrooV, vin Pincher.
lioUovut),,,.,  JamoB Ilurke, Hox 110,'Dolloviio Alta.
ninlrmoro  W, L. Evans, IJlalrmoro, Altn.
nnrrals,.',  J. Dorbyehlro, UimnlB, Altn.
Carbondalo......,,... J, Mitch oil, Qarbondalo, Colomnn, Alta.
Cnnmoro  N. 1). T-hr.chnk, Onnmnvo, Mtn,
Colornttii  W,  Qralinni, Colomnn, Altn.
CQrbln  J. Jonos, Corbin, D. C.
Chinook Minos......, W. H. Hughod, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt,
Diamond City.,....,. J. JO, Thornhlll, Dlamond'Clty, Lothbrldgo.
Fornlo.,,.i,.., ThoB. Uphill,Fornlo,*D, C.
Frank.,, .,,.,.., Evan Morgan, Frank, Altn.
Hoflmpr  W. Baldarutorio, Hosmor, D. 0.
MIlIoroBt.,,,, , Jns, Gordon, HIUoroRt, Altn,
Lothhrldeo ,.,.....,., li,, Mooro, 1731 Sixth Avonuo, N. LethbrldfiC
Lolibrldgo Colllorlos., Frank Barrlngljnni, Conlhurnt, Alta,
Mnplo Loaf,....  John T.'Wllllam», Maplo Loaf, Bellovue, AlUi.
Mlchol.....  M. Burroll, Mlchol, B. C.
Monarch Mino Win. Hynd, HJlcan P. 0„ Tobor, AHiu
Pasibur-f.. A. J!u«kar, Vsutburg, Alta,
noyal Vlow.,..,,,,,,, Geo. Jo dau, Itoyal Colll«rlo», Lothbrtdgo, Alta
Tab«r.......,,,.,.,,, a Pattoraon, Tabtr, Alia
Pepi pro-
vidi a direct
treatment for
ooughs, eoldi,
branch ltd,
nad all lungj
blei. Fflpi
contain highly m-tdiolnal
tiMiioei and
pinu •xtraot*
into Ublot
form. You
put a Pep on
your tongue,
and as It
•lowly din-
aid voi, theio
yolutlle ei-
tenooa turn
in to*vapor, ■> ■ ■
Vou BKMATII15 tho romody to your
Roro ailing lunga direct—not ftwallow H
to your Rtomaoh, which li not ailing,
(,Soo dmarain,) The healinglfumen, tlnm
hroathoil down, bathe tlm dollf»tn. In<
u*i,i.hi marnbrane» oi your breathing-
t.iihoH ami j>ft»n rl^'lit on to the thi)' i*--w
nijen of tho liingi—a emiri«'nn liquid or
solid mtdloiii? could possibly take.
IVp* fumes are healing and anti-
■eptlo. They honl lore tlt-mio and kill
dl«na«e gerrai.,, Pepii brltio nlne>fov««t
fumo» to your home, inntwul of you tfnlm;
to iiift|iiiiti ior««t)
Ft«r that cold, that night cough,
tlmt touch of lironoliitiN, don't dono your
ntoniaoh I Tho trouble llo» in your
lunga, Pep» go to tlio lunyn
dlroot and will euro you.
All drugging and »Uire» 60o. bur,
Writo for free nropU to Pep«
Co., Tororto, or W Tliu-
ecu St.,  Winnipeg,   Bond
Al. G. Barnes
United Mine Workers of America
District 28
April 30, 1013.
Having boon of tho opinion for somo
timo that In ordor to obtain nny improvement In wngos nnd condltlonB
for tho mino workers of this Island,
thnt It would bo necessary for thorn
to not In unity, to bring all tho pros-
wnro to boar on tho oporatorn thnt
thoy could BlmnltnnoouRly, bollovlng
tlmt tho proposition -submitted by our
District convention, through our Bcalo
ootomlttop, to tho roproiontatlvoB of
tho dlfforont companloR Bliould ho con-
sldorod by a conforonco of Bnalb com-
nilttooB ropronontliig both tho oporn-
tors nnd tho minors, and slnco tho
oompiinloB hnvo Ignored nil our offortn
to bring nbout n oonforonco nnd adopt,
or nm ond nnd ndopt, thn proposition
submitted and thoroby Hociiru an amicable and peaceful sottlomont of nil
our differences.     I therefore   avail
mysolf of tho privilege granted liy tho
International■roproBontntlvo, llro, Fnr.
rlngton, and::tlio rocommondatlon of
tho convention horolnboforo mentioned, and ilciclarn a Btrlke nt nil nf the
ami inineH on tlio IhIiukJ, and ask all
mlnwi lo t-vuHij work until tliu com-
panlofl concodo them nil advance In
wages proportionate to Iho advanced
cost of living, fair working conditiona
and an agreement specifying IIiobo
wnKOB and conditions of emplnvmont^'
Nfiid ngroomont to ho onlorod into by
qpd botwenn the1 Unltod Mino Workers of Amorlcn and tlio coal conipanlos
of this District.
Prosldont District 28, U.M.W. of A.
According to Oeorgn B. WUboti, bgc
rotnry of tho Unltod Kingdom Alliance
Iho amount of money spont on'mnlt
am! iplrltnoiis llnuors In tho United
Kingdom Is stoadily decreasing. In
11112 Mr. Wilson's utatlHtlca show thnt
approxlmntoiy $8fts.ono,(ioo. wan spent
on Intoxicating llfiuors, which la a do-
creaso of $8,250,000,
A Toronto gas company official
told a good Btory tho othor dny of a
now method of "heating" a motor,
Moro It Is:
"This was not an olnctrlc meter,
but a gas motor and ono of the typo
known as 'prepayment,' On this
typo of motors a .,<|uartor Ih dropped
Into a slot whon tho gas gets low.
Thoy nro used a groat doal tn Huropn
and tho Stntos, This ono I spunk of
was Installed In ono of tho smaller
cities not far from Now, York.
"Tho man who rented tho motor
was known to bo tamoprlng with It,
and for a year the company were at.
a complete Iobs to locate ovon a duo
as to his method.    ,
"Ho would not put a quarter In
tho motor and yot he used a groat
deal of gas. The company changed
tho motor almost wookly nnd yot
thoy could not, ciilch him In reply
to tho (itiostlonlng of the company's
officials hO would Just reply that the
gas did not, give nut. and that the
would not put a <|iiart.nr In until It
The irtlft t*nm\\nny Oir-r-Mivi'vl.
wroto lottors, sent Inspnntorfl and
did iiiiiuy oilier things to got him to
turn from his method, hut all to no
avail. At lni>t 'thoy offered him a
propofiltlon arid a mini of money and
a guarantee that they would not, prn«-
«»ciitp htm if ?."■ w.-i.'H rhJi'.v 'A..,;:,-, '.',.,
"He took (hem u\ their word and
a mooting was nrrnhgod In IiIh Iiiihu-
mont, from IiIh work bench drawer
ho took a steel mould and un ether
freezing machine such na Is used In
commotion with eortnln nppllciillnns
of the nilcroncope, Uo poured a
little water' Into the mould nnd a
few seconds application of th"
freezing spray turned the water Into
n hard disk of Ice the hIzo of n
quarter, This ho dropiiod Into llm
meter; It performed the work ef the
coin nnd after a short time moiiKl
nnd ran out; thn ntolnture went into
tlio bottom of tho machine,
"What did tho gas company think
of that?"
More Lions, Tigers, Elephants,
Camels, Zebras, Pumas, Ponies,
Dogs, Apes and High School
Horses than any 3 circuses have
3-Military Bands--3
Rain, ot* Sliixic
FERNIE, TUESDAY, MAY 20th -jttttaaasQuuarassAKsa^^
i <■
Boys' Wash Suits
Our line of Wash Suits for the Little Men is
the largest ever shown. There arc plain and fancy
pique, cluck, drill, galatea, and cords, of fast color.
Made in all styles and trimmed with contrasting
colors.   Sizes 4 years to 10 years of age.
Priced Jrom
65c to $2.50
Sat*. Grocery
Wash Dresses
for Girls
No matter what style you wish, we have it.
Our line includes all the newest New Year models
and the color range is beyond description. There
are dresses here for every girl in Fernie and at a
price thut will surprise.
Priced from
6Sc to $5.00
Straw Shapes
200 Untrimmed Straw Shapes at less than half
price. All the new straws and straw creations in
tbe very newest shapes in black, white, and colors.
Worth from $1,25 to $10.00.   Priced to clear at
From 6$c-to SS* 00
If you need a hat this is your opportunity.    Buy
now while we are selling $3.00 and $3.50 hats for
This special sale is for Saturday selling only.
Please do not ask for this special after Saturday.
We are putting
fine soft and stiff
felt hats in grays,
browns, greens
and blacks, in telescope and fedora
shapes that are
worth up to $3.50
On special sale
Saturday only at
See Our Window
Nothing satisfies a particular woman as will a perfect-
fitting shoe; with it goes a
feeling of absolute content.
This illustrates one of our new
"Empress" styles. We have
many others in stock, which
we will be pleased to show.
Fine Straw and
Panama hats are
now being shown
in the new 1913
Sailor hats from
$l.so to $6
ea., in split straw.
Panama Hats in
the new blocks ea.
Chivers Blanc Mange Powders 2 for   .25
Chivers' Custard Powder .2 for    ,25
Chivers' Cake Powder ~ 2 for    .25
Molasses Snap Biscuits .. • 2 lb.    .25
Lowney's Cream Chocolates per lb.    .30
Lowney's Cocoa  1 lb. tin- .40
Christie's Slab Cake  -  .per lb.    .30
Fresh Churned Creamery Butter per lb.    .40
Quaker Hominy, 2 lb. packets 2 for   .25
Quaker Pearl Barley, 2 lb. packet 2 for   .25
Bulk Cocoanut per lb.    .20
Cranberries  3 lbs for    .25
Five Roses Flour  .98 lb. sack 3.25
Five Roses Flour 49 lb. sack 1.65
Sherriff's Grape Juice  quarts   .50
Summer Drinks—assorted pints 3 for   .25
Tuxedo Jelly Powder 4 for   .25
Dalton's Lemonade  2 for   .25
Ambrosial Lemonade Powder  ...2 for   .25
Shelled Peanuts per lb.    .25
C. and B. Pickles, 18 oz. ..: per bot.   '.35
Simcoe Pork and Beans, 3's 2 for    .25
Siam Rice  .'...' 4 lb.    .25
Corn Starch  .4 pkts. ■ .25
Pan Yan Sauce , per bottle    .20
Heinz Tomato Soup 2 for    .25
Special Blend Bulk Tea ...3 lb. 1 00
Holbrook's 'Marafat Peas . .• .per pkt.    .10
Turnips 25'lb.    .25
Washington Onions  8 lb.    .25
Money, Saving Prices
"Untangling  Tony"  at  tho  Grand,
Thursday,  May 22.
Mrs. J. J. Macdonald nt homo tlio
third Wednesday of .Mny.
Tlio regular monthly ten of tho La-
'dies Guild of Christ church will bo
hold nt tho homo of Mrs. F. C. La wo
on Wednesday, May 14th, nt 3.30.
Tho Mount Fornin chnptor of tho
Imperial Order of Daughters of tho
Empire' will hold its regular meeting
nt tho homo of Mm, W. U. Campbell
on Saturday, tho 10th Mny, nt !U0.
Fight    promoters    seem    to    find
Pernio agreeable for short visits.
Tlio  caso  against Chas.  Robinson
will coma up tomorrow, Saturday.
J. M. Doyle, district manager for P.
Burns & Co., spent n few days in tho
J. Grafton, of tho Southern Hotel,
Tlollovuo, paid a flying visit to Fornlo
on Thursday.
Tho caso against tho "Got Rich
Quick' artists has beon remanded until  Monday next.
On May 24th the Veterans' Association arc preparing for a lirst class
concort, and it is rumored a really elaborate program is being arranged.
W. Gribblo, well known Socialist
propagandist, will nddreBS a meeting
in the basement of tho Miners' Hall
on Wednesday evening next, .May 14,
at 8 o'clock,
Mr. .1 limes Miller, who has been
manager for the Burns Company horo
for a number of years, reslgucd this
woek to devote his attention to tho
management of tho Summit Hotel nt
Crows Nest.
T. BooBton, tho gonial smoke, representative from Nolson, wnB n
Pernio visitor this weok.
Seo the play "Untangling Tony" at
tho Grand opera houso on Thursday, J
May 22, undor   tho   auspices of the
Daughters of the"* Empire.   Procoods
will ho devoted to'heautlfylng tho city.
Remember,May 22nd, the'dato for
tho presentation by local talent ot a
farce-comoily entitled, "Untangling
Tony." Tony has become engaged to
a young nctr-oss, much to his mother's
discomfort, A cousin undertakes to
"Untangle Tony."
A Llndloy, tho tomato specialist of
Croston,..dropped off botwoen trains
on his way to prairie points.
A mooting of tho Socialist Party
will be hold in tho basement of the
Minors' Hall, on Sunday ovoning noxt
at 7.30.
As will bo soon from our advertising columns, tho first nnnunl hospital
hall takes place nt Fort Steolo on Mny
23. Proceods to bo donated to tho
Diamond Jnhileo hoHpltnl.
Mr, Pnt Connolly Is mooting with
''considerable succors In enrolling
those anxious to take physical culture
and Intends to have some of his pupils
glvo nn exhibition ln the near future.
Ah proof of the character of IiIh oxer-
cIroh nn Invitation will bo extended
to tho ladles to bo present, provided
Iio can obtain suflelont pupils of tho
gentler hox he will likewise hnvo classes for ladiea only. Any who wish to
Join aro cordially Invited to nddross
Mr. Connolly at tho Club Cigar Btoro.
The   County  Court  Is   at present
considering tho caBo of Frod Waters
and   tho   131k   Lumber Co. Judge
Thompson lu presiding.
Two men wore flnod respectively
$32,00 and $35,00, and thoir female
companions $10.00 nnd costs each, nnd
woro taken back to tho boundary by
tlio Immigration officer.
Theso teams will meet in Fernie
today (Saturday) to fulfill league fixtures. Kick-off at 6,45 p.m. Referee
Campbell, I-Wmer. The following
will lino up for Fernie:
■K. Adamson; J. A. Corrigan and
Whltelaw; Sweeney, Gregory, Rellly;
Grant, Murray, II. Adamson, Johnson,
nnd Patterson. Reserves,,'Marchmonl,
Whltelaw, and Ander,
Hospital Ball
Friday, May 23d, 1913
The Rex Orchestra
Of Cranbrook
TICKETS,    -    $UwlA(i
Including: Refreshment
Mr, William 18. Haines, contracting
agent for thn Solls-Floto circus, arrived ln town this morning and was
kept busy enough during tho day
hunting np huppHoh, pro-omptlng a
lot and making nil tho othor arrangements necessary for tho coming of
tho big show,
Tho case of John Danldowlch, who
appealed tho conviction ot H. h,
Urown, J, P., o£ Hosmer, In connection with tlio carrying ot mntchos In
uie mum ior which a nuuioiivu oi tui-uu
Ditjiilhil )iur& JjA'M wjiu Impopcrt,. lind
his decision rovorsod In favor of a
flno ot $10.00 and coats.
Starting a Saturday, May 10th tho
miiTintrflment, nf thn flrand Thoatre
will Issuo tickets good for drawing
$50.00 In gold, to bo glvon away
monthly to patrons ot that theatre.
Eight prices, six $5.00 gold pieces, and
two $10,00. Open to nil. Finit draw.
Ing to bo announced at the theatre,
Marriage Licenses
May flth—Mike Kutnla and T.oult
Utfek, of Hosmer.
May 7th—At Nelson, Arthur A.
Ward of Cranbrook and Evelyn Edith
TMnoHa Moorw.
May 8rd—Wm. Watch Nottingham,
of Calloway. *«« MktlMa Sara Hw«t,
nf BJVrt, Tl. ft
May "th—-Lofarino ItordJg&n nod
Ollva ftaaoll of Hosmer.
Last Saturday saw tho serious opening ol tho football season, whon four
tonms of Crows Nest Pass League woro
engaged. Hillcrest and Blalrmoro are
now aspirants to longuo honors, and
while the formor save the polntB, tho
latter evidently woro outclassed by
Dollovuo who vanquished thorn 8—0.
Next week wo hopo*to tabulate the
positions of tho teams in tho league
and also arrange with Secretary-Treasurer A. J. Carter for referee's notes
on games.
Saturday's Results In C.N.P. League
Coleman failed to fulfil thoir fixture with Coal Crook.
Michel v. Hlllorest
Played at Michel, resulting   In   a
draw, 2—2.
Mlchol—1«\ Roberts, goal; W. Samuels and Humphrey Evans, backs; It.
Hampton, W, Jenkins, Simon Woav-
or, halves; J. Ilrlscoo, F. Iloddlngton,
S. Hampton, II, Brown, nnd It. Davis,
forwards.  ,,
Hlllcrest—8nm Paton, goal: Emor-
son Maples, Dave Hall, backs; Joo
Poarson, Wm. Rochester, Jno, Potirlo,
halves; Frod Taylor, Jim Grlrashaw,
Robt. Petrlo, Jas, Knowles, Len Ad-
law, forwards,
Dellevue v. Blairmore
Played at Ilollovuc and 'resulting In
a win for tho formor by 8—0;     J,
Graham, Colomnn, reforepd.
U.'.'Jtv.iv   I!, TlrV.cr, jjofllj   Te^-ictt
ITutton, hnri-t**', Wnl, Miller, T. Dug.
dalo, II. Dngdnlo, halves; II. Varloy,
Sloan, Parker, T. Marsh, A. Varley,
Walrmoro—T. Hills, goal; McGaw,
Lovo, hacks; Bartlott, Dunlop, WW?
taitt*, i,niiv,»,  JuijiM., S^i-i'AV**., IIoS-J... k»,
Fraser, Harmer, forwards.
Hosmer v. Fernie
Played at Hosmer. The gamo was
stopped eleven minutes before timo
on account of darkness. Tho gamo
then stood Hosmer 0, Pernio 0. J,
Mitchell of Coal Creek refcreod.
Hosmer—H. Hutson, goal; O. McQueen, i. Uatemait, Uttckr, A. lUui,
Wardrop, White, halves; Balderstone,
ItalB, Thornton, Rankin, liarlasa, for-
Fernie—A. Adamson, goal; McKen-
tl«i, Whltelaw, backs: Grant. Gregory*
RAllly. hatrea; Ta Teniae V. Murray. II.
Whltelaw, H. Adamson, Patterson,
Tho two reel feature attraction at
tho Grand for Friday and Saturday
nights is a story of an intense and
thrilling nature dealing with tho American Civil War and is entitled "With
Leo ln VirRluiu." Tho film of laugh-
tor Is "A Close Shave," and tho dramatic subjects "An American In tho Making," and "Jimmy Lester: Convict and
Gentleman." A clarinet solo will bo
rendered by L. Hautzlngor of the
Grand Orchestra. You should Judge
for yourself If this program is pleasing.
Monday and Tuesday ovonlng you
will havo tho opportunity of witnessing a two reel production of "Tho
Great Y Hound* Up," which will appeal
to thOBO who delight In displays of
superb horsemanship.
The patrons of tho lets will bo ablo
to find occasion for laughter at tho
Holection of Comedy films on tho program for Friday and Saturday, which
Inoludo "Tho Boob's Inheritance,"
"An Accidental Servant," "Tho Bald-
head Club," and a comedy drama
"Dick's Wlfo.' Tho Phosphato Industry will be Illustrated by a film
of nn educational nature, and othor
Items on tho program nro "Women
Loft Alone," "Love and Law," "A
Whlto Lie,' nnd Tho Animated Woek-
ly. Tho fonturo films for nest wook
will bo "In a Woman's Powor," and "A
■Romance, of tho Utah Pioneers.',.
circus. It is tho act of Herr Louis
Roth with his twenty man-eating forest-bred African lions.
The one and only troupe of royal
Bengal tigers in the world may bo
seen with the Al. G. Barnes wild animal circus, They represent an expenditure of $25,000. These man-eating animals woro owned and kept for
tho sole pleasure of tho Maharajah
of Ceylon until several years ago.
A gorgeous street parado will leave
tho show grounds at 10,30 a.m. on the
day of the exhibition, Performances
will bo given at 2 and 8 p.m. The
doors are opened one hour preceding
tho performance.
This Is the'14th uonBon that tho
Solls-Floto circus has visited Fornlo,
It might bo snid that it hns always
given good performances in the past
and full value for tho money, especially during tho last fow years whon
the price was rodiicod to 25c, thoroby
cutting ln half tho tariff which has
boon tho usual charge by tho big circuses since olrcusos began.
This yoar, Mr. HaineB t oils us, that,
tho show is greatly enlarged in many
respects, notably from the fact that a
largo group of trained animals aro now
carried and for tho first timo lions
and tigers will be seen performing in
tho samo onclosuro together; a company of Zouaves who execute startling maneouvres in Uio wny of drills
aro also being featured and tho celebrated Scotch Kilty band from Toronto, will also lend thoir aid tq mnko
tho entertainment more interesting.
In addition to these fine features are
a number of now attractions and all
those which have been associated
with tho sawdust ring and havo really
mado tho lure of the circus as Imperative as It is.
Tho Sells-Floto circus will bo horo
on Friday, July 11, for a single day's
ongagomont. Tho price to see tho
show in Us entirety is still 25 cents,
C. N. P. League,
Will thoBO secretaries who lmvo not
already forwarded thoir entrance foe
Meals that taste liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton, Proprietor,
it it.'J   Mi'it.'iAlm   CitiCww
Al. G. Barnes' big throe-ring wild
animal circus will glvo two performances in Pernio on Tuosday, May 20.
The coming of this show la eliciting
ti great deal of Interest and enthusiasm, not only with tho -liuUi oxm, im
tho grown-ups too.
Thero aro 350 animals with tho Al.
O. Barnes circus, enen of which Is »
performer. Among them are forest-
bred lions, a herd ot elephants, a car.
ftvan of camels, royal Bengal tlgert,
pumas, bears, looparda. Jaguar*. Ivy-
enas, lebraa, moutteya of «ver»' known
iKl>-»e(6*», doga and walo***. With this
jahow may be seen mow »»!»*?■ than
eve* coll-MtM ttttfore Rt one time ana
offered for exhibition «IU»«r In thii
country or abroad.
Without *>ot* «•• wost danger-
our death-defytng, thrilling ami pro-
«Nftki«a ael ever ettefK-A to th* iwbUfc
nay be teen with tl* AL 0. Btraee
Isis Theatre
"IMP," Comody.     Ho was a poor
boob to all his friends but why should
ho worry with a million.
An "IMP" Comedy full ot bald hoada
and false hair.
A i^ychitli.'iik'al &ruwu t>f aVoorWnjj
Intercut and beauty,
A dog story In which tho dog, Rowdy, la banished from homo because
the baby's nnrso says dogs aro unsafe, Rowdy conios back and gets
Near Charleston, B.C. Kducatlonal,
"Nestor" wostorns cnn always bo
rolled upon to plonao and Interest,
/..riiMvreo \mppu\ v
Interesting   evonU   from   all   tho
"Eclair" Comedy-drama. Dick had
only a short timo to marry In order
to rocolvo his unclo'a fortune. Ho
iu,!. *. Uidlilc S!-:? f.'"*J>'",7 tVn to.
quired wife.
Watch for Those Foaturo* Noxt Wook
A "Lena Fernley" "IMP" In 3 reela.
A human Inforost pMnr* that wilt
make you think.
Mion lot In S roela. A atory of the
Mormons who were the pioneers ot
Utah and among tho first to cross the
Great Western Plains.


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