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The District Ledger 1913-11-22

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Industrial Unity is "o^.^h.    ;
No;.13,vol.vn. ,/,,r>'V;
* ■*■' -   •        .,      . , '■•      v - - *Nr
The Official Organ"of Dwtrict No. 18, U. M. "W. of A. r
HEADINGS OF Tflfl    .     QOIO
THL5.-PAPEft~£w*».„     1~ • iJtVlO
v<t''  <
t WW »-?  ! J Political /Unity is Victory.
v.  -1 ' 7 .
i y s.
"^Yyt'cra v, c ■ ->"   $1.00 a year
A special mass meeting will.be held in the Grand
Theatre, Pernio, on Sunday, Nov. 23rd, at 7 p.m.
sharp. ~ . , o
^Business: To consider the advisability of placing
on an assessment of 25c for one month for the purpose of swelling the Christmas Cheer fund of the
- Island strikers' families. . -> ■
Other very important matters will also be.
brought forward.
Some of the District Officers and Organizer Carl
Theodorovitch will be. in attendance. Meeting will
commence at 7 p.m. prompt and' every member is
specially requested to be there on time.
Domenica prossima nella sala dell'unione alle ore
p.m. 7 vi sara un invito speciale per discutere una
sopratarra di $0.25 per un rolo mese per aggiutare
quei pori Fanciulli per le feste del Natale che tro-
varisi in isciopero sulla Corta del Pacifico,.'e piu
ancora, da discutere altri affari importanti.
L'invito sara presietuto da tutti gli ufficiali del
Distretto per questo son pregati tutti d'interveuire.
,   Mimoriandav seobecna shoudza bude sa odbivovat
. v Grand Theatre, Fernie, v nedelu dna 23ho.No-
vembra a 7 vecer zapociatek.
, .. Obchod Roshodovat sa bude cibi bolo mozno dat
prirasku po 25c za jeden mesac aby sa niohlo^'pod-
vichnuif fond no Vianocmy, Stromcnk pre dietky
tich Strajkujucih bratov na Vancouver — skom os-
trove. ,r     " ■■ -,'•/""
Inie.velmi dolezitie vecy budu vam ties predlo-
zenie do povahi daktory Distrikny predstaveny.a
Organizatory Karl Theodorovitch bude tam dbs?
pitariy tam bit'na cas. ."'     .  V ,,",'
'-'■.*' 7   ." .        . . - ,   ,        ,       kc
4^000 Miners on   ^
Strike in France
(Special o District Ledger.)
LENS, France, Nov. 20.—Forty-five
thousand coal miners are on strike in
the Pas de Calais basin. The miners
demand.work day eight hours. Reinforcements of police and detachment
of troops dispatched to district, notably Bethune, where serious trouble
Is anticipated.
The wbovo telegram has been transmitted to us Just as wo bo to preas by
Soo.-Troag. A. J. Carter from Spokane,
who Ib1 travelling, up from tho Coast,
and is but n. further Indication of the
universal discoMonl that prevails
among the laboring olaflsos. Wo note
tho usual reinforcements of pollco and
military havo been dlapntchod to preserve tho maBtora'.Interest und hide,
bnt tho mino workors of Franco have
the peculiar knack of springing surprises upon tho government nnd fur-
"thor nows will, no doubt, provo Interesting.
Hosmer Amateur Athletic Association
A billiard tournament has boon arranged to bo plnyod off in December.
A sultablo prlzo list lias boon mado
up and It is hopqd to'got tho tournament plnyod off iboforo Christmas, Tho
coRt of ontry Ib 2fi cents nnd It Ib confined to momliorg only, .Prise list: Ust
prize, valuo $13.00, given by Air. J,
Morgan; Snd print, ono turkey, given
hy tho Association; ,'lrd -prlzo, ono tur<
Ifoy, given '.by tho Association; 4th
prize, ono coekorol, glvon .by Mr. IT,
Nrooke. Ono .box of olgnrs will bo
given by Mr. Wllley for tho highest
break during tho tournaniont,
Joo Lafolc was charged boforo Jus-
tlcos of tho Poaco flrown nnd .Hums
with breaking quarantine! regulations
to tho danger of tho public. Ho was
flnod JG.OO und costs In tlio hopo that
It may provo a warning, thoir honors
intimating that any othor offenders
will bo savoroly dnnlt with
"Ruddy" McBwaln got three months
for vagruxioy.
0, Lnannllo wns chnrgnd with holding dog bolonging to J, Qomollo.
T, iMnrnurn wnn fined *1«>nn nn n
charge, tho particulars of which could
J:X. L-w i.ij.il<i iiAtitliJ,
B.'Vfest NowtOn, chnrg-fd with theft,
was rolGAsod on suspended sentence.
F. Kadoski was flnod $12.00 for
Thos, AlWns got soaked J12.00 for
11l.lT.fv   r,1-,„4iri.'r.  I*.. *--,,■*. .-
* '  *'. w -.• tl* - .
J. Oonlco, a Blitv, loft behind him
117.00 for throwing stones at his bro-
thor, Morally.
Prank Peiiack. drunk nnd disorderly, produced |G,00. ,
B. Juno was snntcneed to 15 days
for house to houso bwrlnir.
Sailor Jack, "Ruddy's" fompnnlon,
will not suffer from tho <-old this win.
l«r, **** lm linn ht't-n njipoltiti'tl Htokur-
Jn-ciilef to tho city furnaces for five
A man named Havooso wm taxed
ItT.OO for attempting to [mt tobacco
to prlnouors through coll windows.
Tuesday noxt, Nov. 2&th, is the dato
set for the 1-IoBmer basket- social and
it ls to be boipod that -as many as possible will m'ako an effort .to assist the
Hosmor boys In thoir -efforts- to pro-
Vide cheer for the children of strikers on Vancouver Island.
On Tuesday aastthe Ancient Order
of Foresters hold .their first annual
dlnuer and concert iu busemeut of the
Church of, England, kindly lqnt tor
tho occasion. Tho Ladles' Aid catered
lor tliu dinner and at 7 o'clock about
SO.sat down to a sumptuous ropast,
followed at 8 o'oloclt -by the concort,
with Mr. Wm. J3Ird in tho chair.
At the -conclusion Mr, Joseph Sutton -moved a vote of thanlm to the
artistes, also to tho Ladles' Aid and
Church tmm-oua, which was seconded
very suitably by Mr. Thomas Franco.
Tho ovomnjf, was then "brought to a
close by singing "Clod uuvo tlio King!"
Ou iMonduy, Unit uxcollem play
"Bought and tJaid I"'oV," wus presented
to a woli-flllod hoiiHU. -Miss Verna
Felton au Virginia und Mr. Norman
Foiislor as hur ovor-"lndulgont" bus-
bund, played the serious purls to pur-
focllon, whilo tlio lighter vein was
vory oifocilvoly uiul humorously run-
dorod by MIba Lillian Klschor and uMr,
Irving Kunnudy,
-On Tuesday "Tho Gambler" waH
very Woll rocolved, whilo "Uct-ltlch'
UulckAValUngfonl," tlio dusorvodly
popular creation of Mr, Guo. ltundolpli
ChoBtor'B fortllo brain, was lilglily np-
predated hy a capacity houso on Wednesday,
LiiHt night "Tho Awaken Ing" was up
to tho usunl high Alloa standard, and
tonight "Tho Dawn of a Tomorrow,"
a Saturday matlnoo of "Cinderella,"
and a closing performance of "Nobody's Widow," brings to a closo tho
over-wolcomo visit of tho tuldntod Allen Playors,
, Don't forget the Ladies' Guild, bazaar in the basement of the Church
on Friday and Saturday, December 5th
and 6th, aiternoon and evening.
The Ladies' Guild of Christ Church
will meet at the home of Mrs. T. Beck
on Wednesday afternoon, November
26th, at 3.30.
The fourth annual dinner given by
the Ladles'" Guild of the 'Methodist
Church will be held in the basement
of the Cliureh. on December 2nd from
6 to 8 o'clock.   Everybody welcome.
It iB with regret that . his many
friends learn of the departure of Mr.
A. I..-Macdonald, who, for the past
eight years has been connected with
the Trites-Wood Co. here. Mr. Macdonald, who lias held a very important
position In the accounting department,
has accepted an equally responsible
position with a large machinery firm
in Buenos Ayres, and, with his wife,
will leave for South America early
next month. We wish him every success in his new country and position.
L. O. O. M.
All members are requested to be on
hand next "Monday evening at 8 p.m.,
when several matters "of interest to
the Lodge will be discussed,  ■
A social dance will be held in the
Socialist. HUH on Monday, Nov. 24th.
Dance will commence at 8 p.m. An
efficient- orchestra is provided. Proceeds -towards reading room and library. Admission, gents, 50 cents;
ladies, 2p cents.
An cnjpyable time was spent Thursday evening by the comrades of the
Socialist| Party. It took the form of
a surprise party to wish' Comrade Anders lion, voyage to the Old Country.
After eating and drinking to their
hearts' content, the comrades'presented Jlmmie Anders with a watch fob,
which was suitably engraved. Speeches'and songs and- exciting tales,were
the order of the 'evening.. Everybody
was well pleased and J. Anders was
the happiest of them all.
The subject of discussion at. the
League on Monday evening at the
Methodist Church will be "Poverty
aad ita causes." Mr. It, H. Healer will
give a paper on this live-theme. A
cordial invitation to all.    »*
■■ The economic class meet every Sunday in the Socialist Hall, "Miners'
Building, at 3 p.m. sharp, and every
student, or would be student, should
'be present. The most learned are
still students and if you would be as
they, start next Sunday. No age limit
is recognized and no brain so dull that
it can not be refreshed, stimulated- and
invigorated by the discussion of economic problems.
Fatal Cave at
Coal Creek
The St. David's Society of Montreal
has issued an appeal to the Welshmen
of Canada for contributions in and if
the iwives and' families of tho victims
of the Songhenydd coal mine disaster.
Thu labor movement ls ono of tboso
Institutions that thrives most on opposition, If Its opponents should ccuso
to press It thoro Is no tolling what
tiimiix imumiu ui iv. lis pii&t history
sooms to Indlcato that wherever ro-
Hlfltauco lags, the movement hecomos
listless and dead, and whoro It ls con-
suiitly hampered, it "prospers aad
Krows, HtliiiuliUIng antagonism Is
ttioreforo bonoflclal, Whr.n things
cnmp loo -tttHy fnr tlinm whovx llvi**
lmvo boon ono continual round ot
ktrugp-X danger is lurking In tho
houso ol! toil and thero In nood for
vigilance and activity on tbo pnrt of
U» occupants. *; Workers must work.
Life can tu no other way bo maintained. Unused organisms waste away
nnd dlo.—Oklahoma Lnbor Hull.
Island Strikers Stand Solid
i'      >  . * -.. . *.
Strike not Settled and Men Remain Firm —Press
Reports as to Desertion From Ranks Untrue
There is no change ih the Island situation, and no further developments
have oocurred as a result of Ackland's
visit Rumor has been busy through
the various press agencies, reporting
that the men' are returning, to work.
Such statements as these may be taken by our readers as absolutely without foundation and that .they should
appear with such remarkahle persistency in this part of the country' need
cause neither wonder nor alarm. Their
object is to persuade mine workers in
these parts that their -brothers at the
Coast are fighting a losing .battle, and
that what has happened there is.likely to happen here should occasion
arise. You may search the whole
press through, and rarely, if ever, find
it stated that the workers are winning.
It is not the policy of the press to publish anything, that may be to the interest of the workers.
'Mr. A. J. Carte"?; who has Jbeen at
the Coast for the last two weeks in
connection   with   certain   litigation,
sends us the following wire:
"Situation on the Island unchanged.
The men are standing solid. Nothing
up to the present has developed in
connection with Ackland's visit. There
was a crowded meeting in the Athletic
Hall on -Monday night and much enthusiasm prevailed on account of the
presence of most of the men who had
been released on bail. Kavanagh, of
the B. C. Federation, .Pace, iMeikle,
Irving and self had the floor after the
regular business.—A. J. Carter."
I. O. O. F.
The three-linkers- had a visit from
the 'Michel brothers on Wednesday
last, when the first degree and team
work was put on by the visiting .brethren. After the transaction of business
an enjoyable time was spent and coffee, cake, cigars and songs were dispensed. " The brothers returned to
Michel on the flier.
The above newly-organized' band
will -be giving a first-class vocal and
instrumental concert at Coal Creek
on December iO, proceeds to be devoted to defraying - expenses of/instruments,! etc. A  r     rtjy. -„*. '   '
The band has met with" considerable
success ln its establishment,, and is
composed of 'Rngllsh-speaking men,
most of whom aro mine workers. Further particulars next'week.
•This week candidates will receive
their numbers and next'week'we .will
publish the standing of the candidates
who are' requested to take .particular
note of their numbers, as no names
will bo published until prlzo list ls
printed at tho end of tho contest. Bach
candidato will *bo notified'by" mall of
his or her number In. a day or two.
If you have .not saved your headings,
start this week.
$1,000 DAMAGE,
An alarm was rung ln from 'Box 17
shortly after 11 o'clock on Tuesday,
whon tho house or Ralph Cnravetta
was gutted, and. iMIko Rado's, ,noxt
door, was badly scorchod, When tho
brigade arrlvotl, about two minutes
after thoy rocolved tho alarm, flames
woro already pouring through Cara-
votta's roof-tree, nnd. tho oaves of tho
house next door hnd caught firo. TTio
brlgado first turned their attention--
and thoir water—on to tho latter, and
thon devoted their efforts to reducing
tho original Mono.
Tho flro wns caused, hy « coal oil
lamp iijisottlng nnd catching flro. Cm-
avotta places his loss at J800 and Rndo
his nt jlfiO, both rovnrod by Insurance1,
♦ Gladstone Local  Notes        ;♦
♦ ♦
♦ ♦♦♦«►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
I would again draw the attention of
the members o.f the above Local to
questions-of vital interest that" have
come up for discussion, questions that
demand the attention of every intelligent unit' of the organization. It is
lamentable to thin-k'that out of such_
and mbm-hersHhat comprise the various committees should have to .bear
thoo: "^risibilities .incident to such a
Ian1 ••" Mil'za'tioh. The one great
pi-in. -. qdnrlylng all' organizations
in th*- iSi ver.'as well as'-the higher,
anin' k-ingil'.- i;is, Is -tha1 x!Vniv[i>A.l .aid
for ,*, .a pVo'sirvwlloiU 'Tfc'iS' principle'
may express itself in various modes
according to the'physical make-up and
the existing environment. The. union
movement in this Pass contains this
principle, for it seeks' to protect tho
unit In every way possible. , It is an
organized force not only to maintain
the standard of subsistence hy negotiating wage agreements, but stand's
guard against the tyranny of petty
■bosses. Under tho very best agreement the conditions prevalent in the
mining Industry are such that a large
number of miners are continually beneath the suubslstence wage. Bumps,
caves, excessive water, gas, bad track,
Insufficient track, an inadequate and
poor distribution of timber, are somo
of tho chief evils that annoy and limit
the wago earning capacity of the miner. These evils nro all remedial, nnd
It ls onjy iby tho collective effort that
wo can force tlie employers to recognize and adjust samo.
Tho crowding of tho mino' train
came up for discussion. We havo all
read tho trtory of Uncle Tom's Cabin
and wo have expressed Indignation
ovor tho treatment meted out to our
black brothers in that particular period of our history, Yes sir! tho history of slavery is n blnck pngo in tho
great history of human progress..Ah,
hut Is this blnck nightmare of human
exploitation nt an end? A visit to tho
mino train In Iho morning fit n.tiO a.m,
will convince one otherwise. Mon aro
packed together llko sardlnos In a
box, Tho nlr is no foul thnt one could
cut It with a knlfo (metuphorlcnllv
speaking).    Why should  wo wonder
and become amazed at the amount of
sickness prevalent in the district?
Are these coaches cleaned out every
week? Has the superintendent instructed some one to paint them ? Are
the coaches well lighted and ventilated? The answer can be given, without prejudice,' in the negative.
, .Why should they, who produce the
world's -motive power, be compelled .to
endure such inhuman conditions?
The question of an assessment of
twenty-five cents per member came'uj^
the support of our brothers at the
Coast or Island strike.' None will deny
that-the strike at the Coast is more to
us in this district than any other district under the jurisdiction of the ,U.
'M. W. of A. Their win is our. win.
Let them not fall through want of
financial support. This question was
finally deferred to a- special mass
meetting next Sunday at the Grand
Theatre. This meeting wilL.be one of
the most important held by Gladstone
Local' for tho past year. Let every
member pledge himself to be in attendance.
Wo are making arrangements to obtain the latest authentic news from
this point, and trust next weok to give
our readers a line on how events aro
shaping in the strike zone there.
List of successful candidates at tho
examination for third class certificates held at, Nanaimo, Cumberland,
Morrltt and Fornlo, on October 28th,
(Frank Copo, Cumberland, B. Ci
Robert N. J-Iamllton, Nanaimo, 11. C;
JoBoph W. Bateman, Hosmor, n, C;
Hugh Penman, Merrltt, 13. C; Thomas
McGuIro, Fornlo, li, C; Goorgo With-
erlngton, Michel, II, C; Hugh Oshorno,
Morrltt, -B, C; William I'l. Jonos, Cum-
borlnnd, B. C; .loshua Norrls, Cumlior-
land, H. C; David ..M. Francis, MlddloB-
horo, B. f'.j Alfrod ICIrkham. Cumberland, II. C; John II. Vimglinn, Cumberland, 11. C; Richard II. Smith, Merrill, II. C.
W 1
Our Competition Concert
The concert in connection with the distribution of
prizes for our competition will take place in the
Miner's Hall on Monday, December 22nd. On this
occasion the prizes „to successful contestants for the Fernie,
Hosmer; MirhH nnd Pnni Creek district wil! bc. distributed,
while thc proceeds of thc concert twill. be haiided' over to thu
Gladstone Local Secretary to provide cheer for the strikers'
children on Vancouver Island.
Wo have to record still another fatality tliis week, the victim this time
being Joe Harrison, who was buried
in a cave this morning at No. 1 East,
room 12'diagonal.
■AVlien the body was recovered, (here
wore no marks on it, and no bones
were ibroken, and death must' have
been due wholly to suffocation. The
accident occurred about S o'clock and
as far as could be learned, was caused
by the breaking of bridge-sticks, this
releasing a huge mass of coal which
buried deceased .beneath it while lie
was endeavoring to get away.
Harrison, who resided with his brother nt Walter Joyce's house, came to
this country from Durham, England.
He returned to this camp from the
Coast some few weeks ago after an
absence of some 18 months, and was
particularly well-known and respected at the Creek. ,He was only 26
years of age and unmarried.'
The -breaking of a rope on the incline of B North caused painful injuries to Percy Jones, and a special
train was requisitioned to remove him
to the hospital at about 12.30 today.
On arrival at the hospital, it was
found that the upper part of his face
was severely bruised, and although
his injuries are not likely to prove
serious, it was deemed advisable to
detain him.
It is coincident that Jones, who was
injured in the "big snowslide last January, was, putting in his first shift
since that disaster. For the past few
months the lad had been employed, by
the company "painting houses around
the 'Creek.
Alox -Cameron, blacksmith, was injured by a flying piece of steel breaking off the punch with .which he was
working and lodging in his cheek,
.causing a nasty wound and necessitating his removal to the hospital. He
was conveyed there on tho same train
as Jones. - .
HOUSTON, Texas, Nov. 15,—No dis-
o_rder_has_ been reported '-early_tpcUiy
among "the" 2500" skilled employes of
tho operating department 'of the
Southern Pacific lines be"tweeu J31 Paso and New Orleans, who went on
strike last night. Aside from two-transcontinental trains said to be en route,
reports indicated general suspension
pf. traffic. -yr* y ,-:-'•
,'• Just before the' walkout went into ef-
iect an offer ot government mediation
was received at. union headquarters.
The employes' leaders replied that tho
only possible way to avoid a strike
was for the railroad to meet the federated committee of the. four unions
involved—the engineers, conductors,
firemen and trainmen. Such a conference had been the main point of the
railroad's objection during negotiations.
The company today was said to ibe
preparing to install strike .breakers
with the aim of restoring passenger
train service at least. Places for
housing such employes are said t-j
have been arranged at different points
along the Sunsei lines.
The employ6s' C7 complaints involve demands for reinstatement of
many engineers and others declared to
have been discharged in violation of
contracts; alleged excessive imposition of demerit; assert many reports
and other information are requested
outside of company time and ask regulations of lay-overs away from home
Schedule of Complaints
Some of the more important grievances in the words of the grievance-
committee are:
"Complaint against Setters "of a
harsh and threatening character from,
subordinate officials.
"Discontinuance of moving engines
in trains under steam without engineers.
"Request of englnemen that aU
hoiler-heads and side-sheets he covered.
"Request that'men'be allowed to re-
.port for duty by telephone,
"Protest against method of re-examination of men on eyesight, hearing
and color perception.
"Claim for $3.75 for firemen.
".Protest against the re-examination
of conductors and engineers on train
rules and mechanical re-examination
of engineers."
•The -question of wages is involved '
only in that It is claimed the construction of existing contracts by' the company curtails the rights of the men.
A regular meeting of the -above Local was held last Sunday, when President J. 15. Smith, and International
Board Member Rees were present.  ' -
—jMfiriv^^rievancos -v/ero   discussed
and suggestions made to overcome tho
.troubles which beset our Local. .We •
are confident, however,, that with the
exercise of patience and' tact, these
conditions will eventually be overcome,
We were also.visited by tho Weights
and 'Measures Inspector, who made his
report oh tho condition of scales at
tho Chinook Coal Co.'s mine, whi<& '
was quite satisfactory to all concerned.
The Changing Times
grn We want \ every individual who claims any artistic
\JJ» abilities, vocal, instrumental or elocutionary to assist on
■■ this occasion and if you will drop us a note stating what
you are prepared to do for this worthy object, shall esteem
same a favor.   Further announcement will be,made next week
Tho follqwlng is n digest of a paper
given In the Aggressive League of the
Methodist Church by 'Mr. A. Wright,
reviewing part of an Interesting series
of studies conducted by the League
this autumn, -
After tracing tho evolution of tho
modern city and Its relation to tlio
new nnd complex conditions created
by modern induu-try and flnanco, Mr.
Wright said: "Wo nro coming more
and. moro to roalizo tho necessity of
city planning. A fow. of the most Important factors to bo taken into £on-
Bld-orntlon are a pure wator supply,
facilities for tho disposal of sowngo,
wide anil woll-kopt stroots, and convenient parks and public recreation
grounds. Tho condition of our stroctB
glvo ii very bud Impression to visitors
with woods growing right in the con-
tro of tlio town, A fow ynurH ago wo
had n recreation ground near the centre nf Fornlo, but for some reason It
was sold for building purposes. TIiIh,
It niioms to mo, wns n mliitnko, ns no
city am afford to .bo without u play-
ground for tho young people, ,l'hy«-
Ically our city In well favored, tlio
HurroiuulingK could scarcely bo lm-
proved upon, and I-Yrnlc could bo
mndo ono of tho prottlost rit Ioh In
tho Dominion. iThoro Ih only ono
thing It liickH—public Hpliiti'il iiu.-ii,
With tlm growth of our cities mnny
Hcrloiw problems hnvn arisen, ono of
tho elilnf being tin- condlilon of tho
working clnHMiB. Thoro Ik n lnrgo
proportion of workers who, If mnploy.
mont roiiHOH, nro nlUur In immnilliitci
want or nro In danger of becoming ho
In n Hhort tlmo, Thero Ih no doubt
tlmt en oh a!, the numnroiiH nioiUirn ho.
lulloiiK of thiH problom noiitaliiH Homo
■piement of good, but, for the moat part
thoy only touch tho mirfnee, thoy don't
go de'up enough, thoy don't go lo tlio
root of tho matter. Oroml, nvnrleo,
HdfliilinoMH, nro re«pntiNlhlo for n grout
doiil of tho oppression of the workers
uiul until men -bnromo more lirnth-eHy
thoso coiidltlonB nro llnbln to romiiln,
although coihIIUoiih inny lm BomowhAl
(imolloi'iiloil by the effortH ol tho many
briiiidliOH of tiqclal reconstruction,,
Social lirabloiiiK nre com pi lot toil by
tho presence of so mnny mens nnd
*;t.......  ,  ■  ',    '*'.    ;■■', ..    ,'       , .,.   I . 1*'l   ■   I
•'*•>tt'titr,-■■ ... ***".. if i* ,-•*..,.,,,,. .i,..**,
Ib helnc done to f'-anndliinlze the. now
confer*.* tho following Inciduhl will
hIiovv, About a year ago iu a pralrlo
eity ii TlusHltin .low, who eould speak
vory llttlo KimllHh. joined th« Y. M, C,
A. Ho beoimo ono of tho moHt pro-
fleieiit  students   In   Iho  educational
t iiicftl n Hill) ill il n-lH-r Ul I III- Ml I ri.il .i
wince leaving hn cnld, "I came,with
tho liosNlmlNin of HuhhIiiii Kiirnpo and
tho spirit nroiiinl tho building cured
me of my pe«nlmlHin, I rnrnn n -f<»w,
nnd llioiiph f am n Few -wtIII. yot I him-
no prejudice against flirlHtlnnltv, Y«ti
hnv-n helped mo to lieeomn u Cnnndl-
rn-wnirpnlnl hoim l!fn I* rexpniiHlhlc
tn ,'i erp-if *nvfc.,.< f,-,.. *'i-r- 'if*"*tr-|-T|ttnfj,-«
of (lie hnnip. Tin i. '■■' um to h-m'.
been for n long tlmt* ai> Id™ held that
cMMr.cn ahoiiM lm *•,■. >., :n.-l u<>\ heard.
Hilldron m»em to lm.' an ri mount of
eneruv lUnproportloiinif ti» thoir slao
nnd It I* f»r hotter to r*v«- them the
opportunity of a logliiniiitf nutl-r-t for
thoir onorgy than lo contlnunlly suppress that surplus vitality. Then whon
tho children grow up thoy look for a
wldor social scopo in tho homo but
rarely do they get It. Thoy go elsewhere for society. Whero do they got
lt? First thoy go to tho picture houso.
Thoro Is nothing wrong in that, but to
attend tho picture house continually Ib
monotonous and the noxt placo is tho
pool room and danco hall. Thoro is
no primary evil In pool playing and,
dancing. .Pool is a gamo of skill;
dancing Is a perfectly legitimate form
of rocreatlon. Tho ovll lies not In tho
iimiisomcnl, but in Its conduct, From
the pool room to tho bar room Ih n
vory short step nnd tho bar room Is
Iho frlond ot low Hfo and -crlmo 1n
It in nil vory woll to say thoso things
nro wrong, but whnt Is being dono lo
remedy thoso social shortcomings?
Public librarian, the Y, M. O, A. nnd
Y, W. CA„ debuting clubH, gvmnnflltt,
nud kindred societies aro doing good
work, but thoir activities uro conflnod
moBtly to tx ehiHs whoso needs nro not
tho greatest. 'What )n needed In n
Hoclal contro lu which all poruoim In
tlir> community may kIi:ih> ulll<-», wImt.'
rlcli'und poor, old and young, loiirnod
and illltoralo, may commlngln without
any feeling of restraint, and where
oach poraon can tako an interest In
ItH proper conduct; whom if anything Ih wpong oach will fool -co-
rospoiiHlblo with all nthcra, nnd If
everything In running mnoothly onch
will feol it reflects credit on hlnmulf.
I Hhould llko to mako a liiiKgoiitInn
then, A pure iinelnl centre Ih much
needed In Fornlo, I'orhiipH ti Y, IM.
t, A, Ih out of Iho (pii!Htliiii--wn do not
know no'tlio'toHt Iiiih novor bnnu mndo.
Hut could not tliu churches of thin cily
until! ,;f6ri'OH to provldo a siiltuililu
pinco of rocrontlon nnd amiixomont,
for tho peoplo of IIiIh town? If they
cannot do It alone,, mirely with; tho
aid of tho eity council ll would \u<
poBHlhlo, provldod tho nloctorfi plncn
tho civic authority In the JiiiiiiIh of
true men." «
•VI       f *'   i ..'{■'
**..,.    ,111,,.,    I. l.-t,l t,   i,,,.,   ...,*.,«    ,,...    tiiil,/,
program' over put on bv the ninnne-i«-
mont  ot   llils   llOIIWl   HlllCli   ItH  HHtltll-
llBliniout. I'rcgri'Hn Is the key sink, of
IIiIh popular picture Iioiiho. and In
splto of eouiiter nttrnctloriH. the
crowds that hnvo filled tho thoatro
nltthl  aftor  night   justify   tlm  state-
till III     Dl     IIM'     III,Hi.IK" Illl-lll.     1.1 l.ll.     till'
hIiow Ih tho best always A apecliil
-iroeJ feature, "Tho drath ivtoiin of
India," will he rchii Hiiturday aMor-
nnuii nnd -evening. Thn Ktory of IIiIh
picture centre!* about it huge fliiior.'ild,
"tho mim-il eye of HiliMliu," which
j has been stolen hy ft band of coolie*.
'l.u-   iiii'.n   |.lii.-»l   t.t.> H  ,1  i lir.il1  \l|N»ll   till'
I atone, and proclaims lhat Its potm-wnor
"i'l .M.. Miii- ni, ni i,-it-.i -Hid r.'!.--r
'.-,.! ■■!.- iini'"!. cihunli.v, llu- htoiu" Ih
! v<-> ii ij.,-. i in a ph'iiu.int manner. Thin
■ p'ltiir- i lull nf the ui\v*i<<Imii nnd
j ftcetilH-'Mi of the Orient, Hperjii] on
i MntiiU>, ' I'.rnided for life," in two
• rn''.t. in i*i" It iln fammm feudire
I piai i'Tr«
*  ■ •■'-**
j L
^.'ty**^'-,T>-*H"-«-«>     _ ..■■■'.^■ifTsv*      .u I
.4.. --, A*1*; *.
r .K vi V:''
'*■'-' I,
i ■£;.
l'. te
\m ■
(By Joe Somers, Cambria, Wyo.)
At the present time the miners of
Colorado are fighting for their rights.
Men and women,are camped in tents
on hillsides. Those men and women
are showing the right spirit. They Tare
standing for human rights. If they
will continue as they have begun they
are bound to win.
Kvery struggle that labor enters into is forced by some barbarous action
of their employers. For eight weary
years the coal miners of Colorado
have been robbed. A man who worked in the coal fields of Colorado did
not dare to call his soul his own. He
belonged to the coal company. The
operators of Southern Colorado figured that their temployes weie their
chattel slaves, to be exploited as they
saw fit. The Super' was lord of his
.camp. If a man disputed it why, he
had a guium'aii marshal run the man
out of camp.
Yes; the state law of Colorado gave
the miner the right to have a checkweighman on the tipple. The operators
say that a majority of the men could
have had one if they wanted one. But,
how could'they ever get a majority?
• if a miner dared to say that his cars
weighed light he was fired, and generally walked out of camp by the ex-convict who acted as marshal. The companies did not want a checkweighman
on the tipple, .because they wanted to
steal enough -coal from the miners to
pay overhead charges.
■They boys could patronize any merchant they wanted to. But, if they
wanted to work they had to buy from
the "pluck me store",, run by the company. No coal company is satisfied to
rob" their employes in their work
alone. All companies start company
stores in order not to let a guilty dollar escape, and in camps where the
union is conspicuous by. its absence
men are forced to buy in company
stores at exorbitant prices.
Not only were the miners of Colorado robbed of their coal, forced to
buy, in "pluck .me stores," but they
were not paid for dead 'work. The superintendent of a comp'any would even
tell the voters how to-vote, and God
help them if they did not vote to srait
the company. Finally the patience of
the men was worn out, so-they struck.
Now" what happens when you catch
a thief in the act of stealing? The
thief denies that he ever stole, or that
he tried to steal. The same thing happened in Southern Colorado. As soon
as the men struck for justice the
operators denied everything. Their
employe's were satisfied; yet, ninety
per cent walked out. Another thing
that thieves do when tliey are caught
is to try and intimidate their captors.
Just so the Southern Colorado coal operators sent for guards to intimidate
the strikers. And the reign of terror
A word about Baldwin-Feltz guards.
In order for a man to- be' a guard he
has to have the soul of Judas Iscariot,
the honor of Benedict Arnold, the fi-
endishness of the devil and the greed
of a pig. If he is'an ex-convict so
much the better chance has he to get
the job of being a guard.
These animals know thnt they are
hired to stir up trouble. That is what
they are trying to do. .People can not
go along a country road without being
stopped by an armed guard. The mediator of the federal government was
stopped from travelling on a .public
road. Men were stopped from getting
mail from United States post offices.
Everything is being done to intimidate
andeowe the strikers. Foul lies are
being -circulated in prostituted newspapers in order to change public opinion. But it is no use. The public
knows the greed of the C, F. & I.
Everybody knows it is mostly state
land that they are working, and as
they pay a royalty on a tonnage basis
people know why the coal companies
refuse to give honest weight. If they
gave honest weight to the miners they
would have to pay the state bigger royalties, and that is something the <C. F.
& I. hates'to do.
I believe I voice the sentiment of the
full membership of the TJ. M. W. of A.
when I say to the strikers of Colorado,
"Stay out, my brothers, until you win,
if it takes you ten years." I believe
we have won in Colorado already. All
it takes is firmness and the iboys are
showing splendid firmness. Justice is
on our side and justice will prevail.
A cursory glance at the balance
sheet of the above company will convince all of the progress that co-opera-
tlvism is making in the town. The society shows a net profit of 51964.00 for
the four months ending September
30th of this year, and, as a result, a
dividend of 5 per cent on all purchases for the four months enfiing September 30th, has been declared; to all
having money invested as capital with
the society..
iThe society offers an ideal investment to the small investor with a few
dollars to spare, and if it could secure
a little additional capital, there is not
the slightest doubt that under the pre-' and good things.
s?nt- capable management, dry goods
nud men's w,earoccuhrbe handled and
the business and profits considerably
When one con-shkrs that the society
handles only groceries, the result cf
the last four months' trading is eminently' satisfactory.
.This week the store is making a
special show of a particularly luscious
brand .of preserves ("The kind that
mother tried to make"), Tea Garden
brand. They are also showing some
splendid lines in dainty Austrian and
The basement is stocked with every
description of canned goods, flour,
hams, bacon, potatoes, maluga grapes,
(imported from Spain) and confectionery, while ;a straight carload of
splendid Okanagan apples occupy the
centre. In fact, the store, which only
deals in the finest .and freshest of
brands, is as completely stocked as
any in the Pass.
The society ls to ,be congratulated
on the able and businesslike manner
in which the establishment is conducted, and their determination to cater to
Japanese china, hand painted, togeth-  the requirements of their customers at
er with all the usual seasonable fruits' whatever the trouble and cost.
What a Socialist
j **
Government Should
do in Time of Strike
Combination No. 1
1 quart Peter Dawson's Scotch
1 quart Hennessy 3-star Brandy
1 quart Very Old Madeira Wine
Combination No, 3
1    large    bottle    Burke'B   Irish
1 large bottle Geneva Gin
1 bottle sealed Rye
Combination No, 5
1 bottle Gord'on's Dry Gin
1 bottle Chlantl Wine
1 bottle Vin St. Michel
Combination No. 2
 5iOO *—	
1 quart Jamaica Rum
1  quart  Monopol   Brandy  Med'l
_ Reserve -
1 quart Invalid Port.Wine
Combination No. 4
"Brlzard   &
1   bottle   Anisette
1 bottle Blackberry Brandy
2 bottles Parhay Sparkling Wine
Combination No. 6
Box of (50) Choice Cigars
unfermented    Grape
Remember the are only suggestions. We carry a very complete etock
of Imported and native liquors, wines and cigars, and can make up   |
any lote desired.    Mall Orders promptly and carefully attended to.
Frank Wine and
Spirit Co.
Agents for the 9itnous Fernie-Fort Steele Brewery
, Mute's Extra Beer
One of the most interesting ancl significant accounts of a Socialist administration which we have received is
that from Granite City, 111., where
Comrade M. E. Kirkpatrick has been
Mayor for the 'past two years. Comrade Kirkipatrick has been supported
by only three Socialists out of ten
Councilmen, but he has been fortunate in that the chief of the .police has
been appointed >y Jii-m ahd has also
been a Socialist^"™ *> *.
In a letter accompanying his report,
Comrade Kirkpatrick says:
"It is miy personal opinion that the
greatest value of our administration
here is the part that we -played in the
labor strikes. It is all well and good
to say that the duty0of the Mayor is
to remain neutral in times of industrial warfare. ' iMy experience is that
neutrality  is  impossible.    Thero  are
-certain things tliaW_the finuiiloyers,
want.done and that the strikers don't
want done, and the "Mayor is forced to
take sides. There is no middle ground.
You must get on one side of the fence.
We Socialists here have chosen to
stay. on our own side, and "be with
"It' is my personal opinion that
about nine-tenths of the strikes in the
cities could (be won if the workers had
control of the police authorities. And
the police do not have to actually take
any part in the fight, just simply allow a 'fair fight.' Labor strikes usually are not pink tea affairs, and the
police need only to "preserve order as
far as possible and protect the non-
combatants, or the 'public,' as It is
usually stated.
"If the working,people could not
think of any higher or bettor reason
for the election of Socialists to nuuil-
cljinl office than the prevention of tho
uso of the (policemen's club on tliolr
bonds in tlmo of strikes, thon that ono
reason would be sufficient, and it
would amply repay them for all tho
tlmo, money and sacrifices that they
may mako to got control of the municipalities,"
'To illustrate wh-nt this Socialist.administration did in onsoB of strikes,
we el to the following occurrences with
(icliml results:
Litsl. -May, whon about throo hundred omployds of tho Commonwealth
Steel Foundry Htvuck for an Incroaso
of wagos and shorter Iioui-h, tho foundry superintendent and general mnn-
iigor mndo a hurried visit to tho Mayor's office, Thoy nskod for "pollco
protection," which, In tho understanding of tho employers, usually moans,
not only -protection of thoir Uvob and
proporty, which aro seldom in danger,
hut that thoy want to bo ".protected"
nknlnst tho strikers doing picket duty
and assembling nt tho mill or factory
gntoB. iTho Socialist Mayor n-ssurod
tho foundry officials thut pollco would
ho furnished to fully protoct proporty,
and, IT poBBlhlo, persons from "bodily
Injury, nnd ho further iiBBiirod thorn
that tho pollco would protect tho strikers In thoir right, to picket and peacefully iiBnomblo nt. any plnco In the city.
No pollcomon'B clulm woro usod
ngnliiBt tlio HtrlkorB, thoy did uot hjow-
bunt or Inllmidnto thorn, nor woro tho
pollco uhoiI to URslHt nnd encourage
Htrlluibroiikoiu   Tho foundry officials
early say the new and unusual situation they were in, and in just four
days of a complete tie-up of the plant,
the strikers were granted an increase
of wages amounting to 2% cents ail
hour, shorter hours of labor, and the
union was recognized and all of the
strikers .re-employed.
A similar proceeding, with similar
results, occurred a short time later,
when the niolder helpers of the American Steel Foundries went * out on
strike and secured an increase in wages of 2% cents an hour.
Following close on this, there was a
strike for higher wages of about two
hundred of tho day laborers at the big
tin mill plant. They gathered aboul
the mill .gates in large numbers, lind
one of the mill -foremen one day sent
in a ' call to police headquarters for
police to put down a "riot." The po-
to get away with, is usually Infinitely
■more shocked when he finds even an
old-tfashioned red cent is being stolen
from hi.m than -he is when he discovers
his morals are undermined. He is
confident of his ability to protect his
morals and those of his family. He
is even willing to run the risk of their
being corrupted. B-ut he is strenuous
in his insistence 'that his. money be
protected by the government.       > .
In spite of all, and for the first time
in our -municipal campaign experience,
on the best platform we ever put
forth, one that far transcends any of
the alleged revolutionary programs
that have previously been put forward
by any party; we have Increased our
vote. .We -go far beyond what Charles
Edward Russell received as candidate
for.,Governor last year, and^we did it
in more unfavorable conditions.- '
. It is manifest, therefore; that, what
we need to do is to go on and do more
work. Slowly 'but irresistibly the Socialists are forging ahead.
Nothing can stop "them naw, for they
see the way to power, "---and they are
evolving the means whereby they can
achieve that power.—New York Call.
publicly.^admltt^V'eyenV'.1 by 'journals},
.which, through* their: connections- and,
circulation,;.haxe'be'en;used_as tools'
to crush'the cause, of S)She. needy-and
uphold the'claims of those who neither
toil nor. spin, but\alongc.with this ad-*
mission there is the objectionable dictation or suggestion of the' kind of
union that will meet with the masters'
approval.'- "Surely in .vain the, Aet.is
spread in the sight of any bird."  -,,
In a -general, way working men are,
'painfully -conscious of their educational limits, -but if in addition to the lack
of opportunity the school masters and
books have failed, tradition and experience haye'made their, impress.. When
ih the past negotiations'have failed to
adjust a' grievance and a strike "has
followed,   in  almost  every  instance
where the worker has 'been "defeated
it has been chiefly through the lack
of funds'and the existence of men who
either from fear or. for favor have (betrayed their fellows and.the cause they
were  seeking to'establish,,and  this
very fact .is leading men'today to seek
the strength' of .universal federation.
IMuchhas been said in the -columns,
of the press about the constitution of
the United Mine Workers bf America,
Its imaginary objectionable features
have been delenlated and its leaders
vilified, but from the infant to the man
of hoary head it has opened its treaB-.
ury and made reasonable provision for
common necessities during the struggle.   The' Interests  of  the  workers,
both ln prison and out of it, have been
.the interest and concern of its, officials and their endeavors to prevent
or  alleviate   suffering   have   proved
them to bo men with human hearts
blest with the common feelings of humanity.
Oue vdry ' gratifying aspect of this
strike is the solidarity of the miners.
Persecution usually helps to spread
the very cause which it seeks to destroy, and. the men and methods employed to crush the spirit of the strikers and torture their innocent dependents (in this instance) have unconsciously educated the* working population of Vancouver Island and given
them an Impetus for service which we
hope will eventually be'seen in the displacement of men of greed; graft and
tyranny and the transformation of industrial, social and national life. .
' Yours truly,
Local.2155, "U. M.'W. "of A.
Nanaimo, B. C, Canada.
: **.-*>-.
Send yourRpw
John Ha iiam
'SiitTThouMnd tttppen now tend u» theJi
Raw.Fun.   Wlyno«jou?..Wep»ykighMt
' pricu *nd cxpiew charges, charge Eft com- |
raiuioa »nd tend money nmt it-j goods ue
- received.- Millions of dollar* tre paid tr«p-
'. pen each year. " Deal villi a reliable house.
• We ate the largest itt om line m Canada.
French and English,
A booV of 96 pages, fully illustrated. Came
Laws revised to date—tells you how, when
and where to trap, bait and traps to use, and
.many other-valuable fseta concerning the
Raw Ecr Industry, also our "Up-to-the-
minute" fur quotations, a^nt' ABSOLUTELY FREE for the asking.    Write to-day—
.ddre.. JOHN HALLAM, Limited
(The roport of tha German section of
the Austrian Socialist party lias just
been issued, wliich shows a total of.
142,027 members, of whom 20,058 are
'Because of the great diversity ot
races and languages in Austria, the
party ls divided into language divisions Avith full harmony within their
sphere. The German section is the
largest, the membership being mainly
in the principal industrial districts.
The report shows a loss of 3,000
members since 1911. It is, thought this
'is chiefly due'to the Industrial depression arising out of -the .Balkan wars.
A total of 120,000 young men Sunder
23 years of age, who should have entered the army, have emigrated from
the country .during the past year.
■There is a law prohibiting, .women
from belonging to any political organization, ibut a method of organizing
them which the law cannot touch has
been devised by the Socialists. The
women have a paper which has a circulation of 27,000.
**W|lVW<i"t-w**      *^*.»»W.»*V***|jr        «*.«4.»»-*7-     -        *»»-a,u .,  \   i        •> - -> ±4
The Death Stone of India
Throo (Joi'KOOUH RuoIh.   Tho story of this plcturo ccnlros about n luigo otnnrnld, tho Bncrod Wyo of Hud-
dm, which han boon utolnn by n"hand of coolies.  Tho high priest lays a curso upon tho atono ond pro-
uini, wi.iiii ji^   ^ ^ ^*  jb01 (11<|    Affpr mnnv vpnra nti(J flftor rm,R)nR much calamity, tho stonn
u"rp!urnoii In u'plmislng manner.   -Thin picture Is full of tho mytulcism nnd occultism ol tno Urmia,   a
plcturo out of tho ordinary nnd ono worth wwlng.
Special Monday
B; the Itala Famous Feature Players
I'.vi-ry program you mlw ftt Tho Ifllfl-you mlta Bomotlilng good. Six rcol» of |)Icture»wory nlRht, RUN
HlflHT.  A quantity of duality.
I HWHfW', H IMltti
ber of peaceful strikers standing about
the mill gates. -They did not consider
this a "riot" or a "near riot'.' and the
strikers were not molested by the police. A company foreman was.heard
to say, when he saw the strikers at
the gate, "If we had them hunkies
down in Madison (the town next to us
with a good capitalist'Mayor),-they
would-go back to work or the police
would bust their damn heads." A few
days later the strikers were granted
the desired'increase.
•La'st August the carpenters, machin.
Ists and steamfittersnt the Corn Products Refinery (glucose), went out on
strike and were allowed to do picket
duty without police Interference. No
strikebreakers wore able to get into
the plant and in a few" days all of
these men were granted 'the increase
demanded, which was from 35 to 40
cents an hour, their union was recognized," tho wage scale ■ signed - and nil
the men taken .buck without discrimination,
And again: A strike of the telephone
operators of the Boll Telephone Company wns started In St. Louis tho first
of last .lune, when' somo of the girl
operators wero discharged for belonging to the union. Tho strike spread
to Oranllo City, whore,, thoro lp n
branch oxchango of mat company, nnd
tho local employes walked out on
strike in nympathy with the St. Louis
members of the union. A long and hit-
tor fight ensued, Whilo tho St. Louis
police woro-bolng used in ovory possible way to dofeat tho strikers, In
Granite Oily the strikers wore permitted to .maintain such an effective pick-
ot lino that tho local exchange was
forced to close down and thq local
manager Bought to mnko a aottlomont
with tho strlkors, whilo In,St. Louis
tho Holl officials oven refused to moot
with a (lofhmtttoe of tho BtrlkorB.
In othor respects tills Socialist administration has mndo moro or loss
HticcoHsful 'attempts to fulfil Its plodg-
oh, but ita notion in connoction with
Uioho RtrlkoB Ib uiuiBiiully BuggpBtlve
and has a unique valuo In tlio Socialist,
cuuHi.',—Tho Party IJulldor.
It wiih woll dono nnd nil Invitation
to moro work.
LhhI. yonr .ChnrloH Kilwnrd HiibhoII,
uh Oulmriiftlorlnl cmndliliitii, polled 20,**-
<10i votflfl, "ThlB ynnr ns cnudlilato for
Mayor hu rocolvwl over 32,000 votcn.
LiiHt yonr ho fought undor tho moBt
dlHiidviintngnouH conditions, TIiIh yonr
tliey worn aggravated.
In 1013 ovory .possible appeal was
mndo to tho mechanic., to tho prpfon-
Hionai mini nml tho IiubIiiohh miin to
"piny wifH." Not oven In tlm groat
ciimpiilgiiH of four and night yours ago
worn llm nxpoHiiroi), bo-oiiIIoiI, of tx
moro Htiirlllng nature.   In thoso two
(.-..:..- ;.'".'.-■ \\ ""I" ""tft," tlm rod IIfM
.lWrlet,' brnRB choekfl, tho Ico Trust,
In this ciunpiiimi it wui*. a \UUwmI
turn und tho appeal was on the wubIo
of which Tnnvmiiny had beon guilty.
Whilo priwloimly gruftlng figured
largely, this tlmn It wns shown In a
mm "but Impi'fBBlvo way how tho grafting  IH  IHllll'.     l',Al'I,>l/Uu(1   *.viui\i  »t«, -ti.
could think he hiiw, something that In-
dlr-iited IiIh lining robbed.
TduiH thu campaign rooolvod n material, not n "moral.r ImirIb. A mnn,
whether working for a living txtn n factory cmployd, running u little bii»l-
ne»B, ticlng a member of a iirofoB»lon,
or llvini; nu liu'omo rtorlv'i'il fnnn tlm
Invcntmrnt of thn monoy he managed
n»i.  •
' 1.   uv
o:M tmiiU
Sir,—So much has been" said and
done in connection with the industrial
strife in the.Nanaimo district that the
wisdom 'of comment under existing
circumstances may- well be questioned.
But when we consider bur obligations
to,the -past.the present and future, the
highest claims must be responded to.
Had the' population Sf Canada been
large enough to work her natural resources of wealth, there would have
been no need for her representatives
to have gone beyond her own boundaries with thoir tempting baits to Induce
Immigration, but because this was not
so other,countries .have been flooded
with agents and literature to present
her apparent generous terms to tho
unsuspecting worker, with the result
that hundreds of families today are in
the midst of undreamt-of conditions.
Now, Sir, we contend that any government which nllowB advertising for this
■purpose should be hold responsible for
the creation of conditions sufficiently
favorable to mnko the highest- type of
subject from n moral, social and intellectual standpoint, So far as, Individuals are concerned, -wo are uwaro that
our conception a of life differ very
much and yot the desire for .betterment throbs within iheibroastof every
intelligent poi-Hon, Along with thlB
native aspiration, environment and education are poworful factors ln the
■moulding of our Idens nnd when it is
soon that a certain section or tho raco
has, and doos, enjoy immense ndvan-'
tngus abovo.the struggling majority
and makes Iho moat determined of-
fortB to solidify their position, Irrespective of ihe rights of tho -brother
In ndvorslty, It Is no wonder thnt work-
ing mon comlliiiio and look for flavloura
amongst thoir own ranks.
The efforts of concentrated, capitalism to.Biipprebs the progressive Btrlv-
IngB ot tho mnsBOB Ib simply nntng-
Ulug thoso who know Ub history and
mission. Ab In the past, bo lu tho
prosont, ovory stop In tho path of In-
diiHtrliil nud Boclnl roform must bo
fought for, No sooner Ib tho doctrine
of htimnii rights declared thnn thobo
who live on tho products of Ita violation nro up In nmiH against It.
Illustrations nro common and up-to-
duto to ahow how tho forco of government Ib used to execute judgment
without mercy upon Kb advocator
Kvciilu lu connection with this stnlko
reinlnilH ono vory much of tho struggles nnd treatment of our fathoi-B for
IniltiBlrlftl freedom through the medium of trailoB unionism, It Is true, In
name roK'iioetH, wo nro In ndvnnco of
tliolr curly conditions, hut It mny not
bc too much to nay thoy paid tho price
fpr tho luxuries wo enjoy In' tho way
of flhortor hours nnd n higher rate of
wagos, but whut has boon dono with
Iho principle nnd systom for which
thoy fought, Buffered and triumphed?
Whoever expected that the flcon-CB of
on-i'iM-i-M. i*ii\ f.ln-M.. ».f>o-!"" i*"!* "mMld 1'P
ro-ennctp.d under 'British fiile for thn
a-cuvcry oi what, inun, in their in-
Hftiir* rush for wealth, allowed to "lie
fnken from thom? Esau's folly In boII-
tug his birthright for a menu of pottngo
tory. d'OBHOBBlons which Bhould have
Iiiih oft buon mtieiitod lu human his-
.ji-v.il m-m <m >,rtrji-u mui itniHiunm ub
N'O'lmht's vineyard and handod down
unsullied to the rightful heir havo been
cnptiirod by the eovotoim and overreaching, nnd tlm Inhorltnnco of tho
wronged ono hns boon made tho sporting ground or iho fortune hunter nnd
oppressor. Aud horo the minors of
Vaiii-ouvitr iHhind today nro contending
wlHi tho powers that bo for the restitution of n ayntrm and thc operation uf
n principle wliich will gimranteo them
thnt degree or tirotectlon nnd Justice
which they fori hom-stly -entitled to,
The reasonableness of auch a demand
Hhould bo apparent without nrgument,
Th<» miners' right to organlie has b«<»*n
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■I^HH   ^ \ ^^..WW^^    "^^^m^m^tt^^      ^--^^H^^HE
4, ^^—^ ^^^^^ ^^^^*-^*-^
By Inis H. Weed
-*- -The following article appears in
-" Pearson's ' Magazine :f or Deceni-
7-ber.. The management,claini that
7:.. owing' to. th"escconomical -mechan-
. deal form> of production they are
"able ,to' support' their magazine
, solely by revenue obtained froni
,'tsale of-copies. ,.       .    '-1.
\   ' Whether -this is,so* or not, they
■•"haye certainly shown comhienda-
,ble courage,in attacking'the most
..;. powerful and insidious enemies of
.the working cjass.' \
' Miss Weed is a brilliant young
woman' w!ho can put into words
tlie simple truth about the things
I have made -a*' collection.' from
the pressaqcounts of many strikes
tho justice qfAv-hi-dil happen, to
know, and I have, added to it "similar collections of others interested; in labor. A revieAv of some
typical cases -shows, on which'side
of the press scales the'^balance
falls: •      ;• ,.-; -y
The- first -three' instances are
from the collection made by Edwin AlsWorth Boss, Professor of
Sociology in the "University of
Wisconsin.       • *.    ;
,- In' a strike involving teamsters
and department stores the mail or
der houses did tlieir best to pro
about the men, women and cliil-
dren who work for,, a living, for
many other'magazines. She knows
the workers. She knows their troubles. She knows their masters.
She knows their masters' servants.
Here she has her first opportunity
' 'to 'tell the whole truth about the
three principal servants of, the'
kind of master wliich holds money
holier than life' and health (somebody else's life and health, of
cours.e)—A., hypocritical press, a
timid "* church,   a   hostile   court!
. These are the three servants of
greed which put,obstacles in the
Way" of tlie millions of people who
want something more than mere
existence.- Here is the truth. No
magazine that lives on advertising
could print this kind of truth. But
here it is—the .whole truth about
your press,v your church, your
courts, and their attitude toward
people who work for a living.
"Oh, God, our Father," prayed
" Josephine Casey, voicing the cry
ofthe troubled workers in a long
drawn garment strike for a living
.'•:a "Oh, God, our Father, who art
generous, who didst say 'ask arid
■ye shall receive,! we thy children
humbly beseecli thee to grant"that
we may. receive enough wages to
clothe and feed our bodies, and
just a little leisu're?- oh Dord, to,
give, our, souls a chance to grow.'
■   •',' ''Our employer, who has plenty,
has denied,our.' request;" He has
. misused the law to help him crush
-"'us, "but we appeal toJ3i£e'.Qur_G-od
-_ and  Father  arid. - to  thy, Laws,
she sees".   She has written articles j volte tlie strikers to violence by
-i-—i -n -   — ■- '   v"   having the strike breakers drive a
long line of wagons out of tlieir
natural route past a' lot ou which
ithe' strikers held their meetings.
The police wore in readiness lo
rush on .tlie scene. The Governor
was' near, the telephone. The
Strikers only folded their arms before this bait. The press refused
to" print sworn testimony of this
plot on tihe part of capital to discredit labor.
During a strike1 of elevator men
in tlie large stroes of this same
city, the. business agent of the elevator starters' union was beaten
to death in an alley behind a certain store by a "strong arm" man
employed by the firm. This story,
although it was supported by
three- affidavits and given by lawyers of standing to three newspaper men, was never published-.
'In another strike when the men
held their meetings on a vacant
lot that had recently been enclosed by a new bill board the press
distorted the truth by describing
the bill board as a "stockade" behind which to defy authority.
"The Telegraph Press' during
the long, unsuccessful strike of
the Kalam'azoo corset workers
damned the movement in a variety of insidious ways.
Worst of, all ths paper would
not waken the public to the social
service of these ,'girls who were
fighting the- "great black plague
against overwhelming odds, handicapped/as', they were -by .blanket
injunctions that'forbade tbem lo
do pretty much  everything but
■ This'*'silence of the press does
not contrast well with tlie courage
of "Anna Beattie, a little Sunday
School tea gli er, who Svas on strike.
In "the teeth of a second injunction, she said, "I'ye no.more 'hesitancy in going on the picket.line
and-warning those girls against
the black plague than I'd have of
ignoring a 'Keep' Off sign in a
park where I saw. a. girl drowning."
Take the attitude of the press
during the five months' starvation staid made by 25,000 striking
silk workers in Paterson, New Jersey. Most of'-the dailies seemed
to desire only to discredit the
strike. Quite aside from Whether
the viarous, dailies disapprove tlie
particular, labor organization in
which the. workers enrolled, it
would have beon fair of editors to
note that this rallying to tho stan-.
dard of tihe I. \V, W. wa.j a reaction against tho failure of tho
craft workers in tho American
Federation of Labor to stand with
thc'mnss of less skilled workors.
Whilo itho police and hired
thugs woro Arresting people in
hordes, boating, clubbing, wounding unresisting mon, riding down
crowds on -horseback, in tboir
blind' fury dragging to jail pnss-
crsby who lind nothing to do witli'
which "are stronger than the laws'
' made by'man."      *.   '
\ " Oh/' Christ,"-Thou wk> didst
. wait through the long night in,the
Garden of Getliseni'ano'" for one of
"thy-followers, who was to betray
thee, who in agony for, us didst
' say to .thy disciple, 'Wilt thou not
watch' one .hour with, me?' give
, strength to thoso Who aire'now on
picket duty, not to feel too bitterly when those who promised to
. stand with us in otir struggles betray us.-
.'   "Oh, God, we pray theo, give to
\tho fathers and mothers of our
strikers a chance to bring up tho'ir
helpless little ones.
"Thou who didst save Noah and
his family, pnay'it please thee to
save tho girls.now on strike from
the wicked oity'.of Sodom. Oh
help us to get a living wago.
"Oh; Ijord, who, knowest tho
sparrow's fall, wilt thou not help
us to resist when the modern devil,
who has chargo of our work, takes
advantago of our poverty to lend
us astray. Somotimos, oh Lord,
it is hard. Hunger and cold are
-torriblo things arid they mako lis
wonk, Wo want to do right. Help
us to bo strong.
"Oh, God, we havo appealed to
• tho ministers, wo have appealed
to the public'and wc have appealed to the press.   But if nil
:-theso. fail us in our nood wo
know that thou wilt not Jail us.
"Grant that we may win this
strike arid that Uio union may bo
strong, so that wo may not nood
(o cry often, Lord, 'deliver us
from temptation.'
"Wo risk this, Lord, for tlio
sakos of tho little ohildron, holp-
loss und suffering j for tlio girls
wlio may somo day no mothers of
.chjlrlron and for those girls who
dislike sin, but aro forced into it
through poverty.
"Oh, Christ, who didst dio on
tho cross, wo ask tjioo to forgive
thoso wlio would crush us, for perhaps thoy do not know whnlt thoy
nro doing.
"All this wo ask In tho namo of
tli* 1-v.vly ' crip cr.I **/'.> *uu.
A hypocritical press, a timid
church, a hostile court aro the
throo usual obstacles to thoso industrial workers who have tlio
imxxvujto fr» tXwtt*** ***9VC 0£ vfv<
Whom do tho daily papers
servo ? For ovor 20 years thoughtful pooplo hnvo boen pointing out
that Dio ronl problems of our nation nro industrial rather than political. Does tho press "-put tho
problems of labor squarely boforo
ithe pnbllet
protest voiced in.Italian bands
playing softly, the music grieving/
Sobbing, yearning over their brother, one more tragic figure in the
shrouded endless line forever added toby.the greed of men. In this
town where the mill owners control absolutely the . police, the
press and the courts, "The Paterson Press ".speaks-of this unprovoked murder as occurring "in a
pitched battle."
In a recent victorious garment
strike of 200,000 garment workers
in New York City, one found more
recognition in the press of the
justice of the workers' demands.
"The World," "The Globe,"
and "The Times" gave relatively
fair news. Still these and other
great dailies told the public little
of the unfairness of, police arid
judges in dealing with the strikers. Most of the 100,000 workers
in the women's garment industry
are young girls making a heroic
fight against long hours, irregular
work, poor pay, high speeding, unsanitary shops, and competition
with tenement house labor. For
this the future * mothers were
sworn at, clubbed, mauled, insulted, and "victimized with false testimony-by the police, the'hired
thugs and "strong "arm" 'men
Whom detective agencies draw
from booze wrecks and the criminal class in the tenderloin.
In desperation the Women's
Trade Union League went before
the Police Commissioner with typical cases of police .brutality, some,
of which are given belo'w.
"Case No. 4.—January 30,1913.
Twelfth street and Fourth avenue.
Three, girls followed a . strike
breaker escorted by officer who
said three different times, 'If you
keep on following I'll shoot you.'
When they, reached the strike
breaker's house, 124 Tenth street,
the officer pressed a pistol against
the side of one of,the girls."
".Case- 7.—February 5, 1913;
5.30 p.m: Bickenfeld-and Strauss.
West Broadway. Policeman 5204
arrested girl, then after arrest carried [her by neck and forced her
to her. knees, and while on her
knees, beat her with club."
Hideous!   But one finds little
strike kept up and ten thousand
dollars a week had to be raised to
feed this a^iny, of-girls.   Silence,
there is no weapon more deadly.
."The Herald" ran the-strike
news on such pages as 5, 7 and 9,
while on .the front page one finds
plenty of space given to burglary,
divorce,' theft and gossip.    Take
'the -issue of January 1st,. On the
front   page • are   such ' titles" as
TAFT."   On page 5 we are told
and under that heading "Four
Clothing   Associations   Unite   to
Maintain Open Shop, enthusiastic
manufacturer calls it 'most important meeting ever held by man
ufaeturers,' "
Those daily papers which handle labor news as described in this
article have burning editorials
about their tireless watch over the
people's interest.
the strike and subjecting them to
tho viloness of Paterson's filthy
prison ponding trials complicated
by tlio solf.jufltifying, false testimony of police nnd thugs, the
hoadliucs of "Tlio Paterson
Pross" educated its rondel's to boliovo that tlio strikers woro a violent, rio-tous inonaeo to ordinary
safety. A typical bonding is "DIS*.
bn-bly, but whoso? For pure travesty, can any daily outdo this
Hero are tho stories of typical
strike canes whioh show how the
Ptcbs aldoa with tho employer re-
gardloss of tho justico of his position,
A hypocritical press, a timid
church, a hostile court are the
three obstacle! to those workers
who have the courage to demand
more return for their labor.
Tako "Tho Paterson Press"
-uvmiu-uia u)i iim iotiuwmg not ot
Dm nbvusir'.iliil'.vuii ul Jaw and order. Hired detectives camo out
of a saloon, flushed with drinking,
bogan swinging thoir clubs right
and loft and shooting at tho strlk-
v.irt, uiu.v hiioi, mm tomm luwwiiil-
ly Valentino Modestipo wlio had
no connection with tho strike and
was Rimply standing on tho porch
of his house with ono of his children in his opus. Tho offoct of
tlifl shn^k ifiMirly dmil.iM tlm trng-
•ody iivthis lioiuoliold, for tho mur-
doml man's wife nearly died from
premature labor brought <»n by
her lm«band's doath.      '
Tho working peoplo of tlio city
Hooked to Modestino's   funornl.
Thouawls followed his body lo
(t!i« .grow?, marching silently, their
even when matters are brought to
'such a dramatic issue.
The only paper in which I found
printed the cases was "The Daily
People, ",a small organ of the Socialist Labor Party.
Yet, when the police, in compliance with Mayor Gaynor's order
lo close Healy's Restaurant after
1 o'clock, dragged out'bodily a
few respectable diners, there was
im uproar in all the papers about
the lurufality of the police. Then,
the shoe was on the other foot.
In going over the files of "Tjie
Sun," I find misleading headlines
and no'_ account of caiises justifying the revolt of. the garment
workers, no mention of police brutality, and-long silences during
weeks of waiting and strain as thc
'■ Of the papers, printed in English, only in "The Call" and "The
Daily People" (both Socialist papers) did I find reproduced the
same sense that I, as a spectator,
gained of the growing world consciousness of labor as there marched -past 100,000 garment workers
of all nations, Jews, Russians, Germans, Roumanians, Bulgarians,
Lithuanians, Poles, Spaniards,
Hungarians. Americans, .Assyrians. On the packed, sidewalks I
saw here ancl there spectators paying no heed to the tears on their
cheeks, so grippe'd were they by
the grim slow tragedy of that endless line of the old, the young, the
stunted and worn, their faces,
many'of them, pinched by the underfeeding of a lifetime.
The silence of the press in the
face of such great human struggles-explains the rapid growth of
over 200 radical papers, of "The
Appeal, to Reason,'' with its more
than 500.000 cireuiotion^jin^Jlu
claily"*f V orwarts,' '^\vith its more
than 1.000,000 circulation. Many
such papers die from too meagre
"ad" columns, still they are the
forerunners of a press that must
be just as public us parks and
'Our dailies whose labor news 1
hanT been characterizing have
burning editorials about their
zealous tireless watch over thc interests of the people. ° They all
tell about the wickedness of many
in high places and of vigorous effort to elevate our politics and
public morals.
Why, then, do tlie dailies, Judas-like, betray the faith of the
people, born of the Horace Greeley
•tradition that the function of the
press is the dissemination of truth
about current affairs?"
Edward !Alsworth%Ross has given us our best analysis of the apos- J
tasy of the daily papers, which he
shows' is caused by economic developments.      "       ,
Mr. Ross says that the importance to the daily press of advertising may be gauged by tlie fact
that Whereas'-thirty years ago it
paid 50 per cent of the expense of
running a newspaper business, today it pays 60 to 90 per cent of
the cost. This explains how-the-
daily paper lias been able to swell
in bulk from S to 16 pages, how
the price of papers could be dropped from 3 cents to 1 cent.
Also this shows why big advertisers enjoy such immunity from
-attack liy (he press and such a
power of censorship on the news.
The fact, too, that a press plant
is a paying property, something
detachable to be1 bought and sold,
inevitably subordinates it to other
interests. Mr. Ross tells howson
the desk of every editor and subeditor of a paper run by a capitalist promoter Avho eventually fell
under prison sentence were found
a list of sixteen corporations to be
respected. They were spoken of
in the office as "the sacred cows.''
To the apostasy of fhe-press
should be added the strangle-hold
of the0"A. P.," the "Associated
Press," and< Mr. Hearst's news
service on which thousands of
dailies depend for"their general
The fierce grip of these octopi
is being illustrated by the struggle of Otto C. Lightner to run the
only 1 cent paper in Cincinnati.
John R. McLean has for years eon-
trolled the news service of that
city and compelled the citizens to
pajr 5 cents for "The Cincinnati
On the appearance of the clean,
dignified "Cincinnati American"
for 1 cent, he called the gods" to
witness, financial gods you understand. Bing! ite news service was
cut. The old editor, had the new
one by the throat. But the townspeople, Avere awaker Even^wnen;
without a line of wire service, the
paper was forced from 10 to 4
pages, thc circulation remained
Ithe—same. • t—.
No sooner had the. cars begun
running than news packages placed "on care to be taken to various
points in the suburbs of tbe city
were carried away. Their newsboys 'have been beaten and obstructed, tlieir carriers bought up
or scared off their routes; but the
comfortable as well as the poor
continue to demand "The Cincinnati American." It is a good
omen. Eventually the sleeping
middle class in other cities may
come, to see the apostasy of our
present press as .clearly as do
those increasing millions whose
grim struggle with life is never
told. Now, remember, wherever
you live, the attitude of your press
is the altitude of the press de-\
scribed 'here. Remember that.
The newspapers which tell you the
truth when capital and labor conflict are mighty few and far between. '       0->
Whom do the courts serve, capital or labor? As a result of sitting many hours in the courts
where the poor get such short
shrift, there often passes through
my mind a symbolic picture very
like this.
\ Before a row 6f judges, most of .„„.,,.„. Ui6hilxiiu'. cunuiry gar-
them blind," pass two lines of la- ments to go with eighteenth cen-
bor: to the right a thin line of! tury minds, minds that have tight-
  .1 ' '        ■*■»      *
across the .desert, sweeping over
the prairies on his iron horse, passes out of the door of justice and
I meet him on the street next day,
head bent, peddling shoe-strings.
That symbolic picture is based on
Our judges, like those in England, have blindly impeded the
millions' of workers emerging into
a consciousness of their right to
demand justice. Workers, half a
million a year, are sacrificed, body
and blood, arms, legs, eyes, hands,
a ghastly slaughter under the Moloch of legal precedent.
To be sure,' Congress has stepped in and abrogated the harshness of this court rule for all employes engaged in interstate commerce, but that in no way helps
"the case against the judges. Likewise some states have replaced ,(
these court-made rules by statutes
providing workmen's compensation, but all too frequently they
are operated for the employer's
benefit. What-, is $500 , for in:
stanfcc, by Way of compensation
for total disablement?
How fitting it is that our highest judges should wear fusty
gowns!   Eighteenth century gar-
1 The apostasy of the Press is
largely due to the advertising
which pays from 60 to 90 per cent
of a daily paper's cost and to tbe
strangle-hold of the "A-. P."     "
The power of the press to quicken tho public understanding of labor troubles is also woll illustrated by Mr. Lightner. At thc beginning of his daily, Cincinnati was
in the throes of a righteous and
violont street car strike. The,flam-
ing editorials in "Tlie Cincinnati
American" were wfyat carried the
strikers to victory,. say thc men
who have sworn to" "get" this
daily. Together with John R. McLean they mean to kill the only
1-ecnt morning paper in tho Ohio
Fernie Industrial & Provident Co-operative
Profit, Loss & Trading Account
" Four Months Ending September 30th, 1913
Stock on hand Juno 1st
Juno purchases 	
July purchases	
August purchase*.	
September purchases ..
$ 7547:07
•luno'snles ;  jji 0771. -i!)
JnIy "Hies      7000,05
Gross profit *      53G8..18
August sales	
September sales ••,••••*
Stock on hand September 30th
Exponso Account—
Interest on Capital. 4 100.GO
Stablo Maintonanco    220,711
Insurance written
off       75.24
Plant depreciation ..   50.49
Furniluro aud fixture depreciation   ,   75.80
Audit foos       28.00
item, taiuiu'ies and
tiuueiries .......   3118.57
DiHWMintH en mod
t » i t i *
Profit and Ions, net profit
flross profit
Prom the not profit the store will pay a 5 percent
dividend on all purchases for the four months
ending Sopt. 30th, to all having monies Invosted
as Capital with thc society.
people coming singly, the 'maimed,
the widowed, the halt and the
blind, asking compensation for
their sufferings—they are" very
great; to the left a line of people
passing'in groups, bearing union
banners pointing to the futile appeals of that other endless line of
beings half a million a year, only
10 per cent of whom ever receive
even a niggardly compensation,
and protesting the union right to
stop that awful human sacrifice to
industry. Policemen beat and club
them as they march. Their leaders
are torn from the group, tried,
fined ancl swallowed, up in the
prisons. Still the line inarches on
with growing solidarity.
In the thin line at the right each
figure halts before the judge and
makes an appeal.
"See," says one man, holding
up his arms from which his hands
hang limply, "my hands are paralyzed -from—working—in-a—white-
lead shopN J can never .work
again. I am still young but my
employer has "had my all." Can
you not get him to help me? He
did not safeguard my health." ,
"You did not have'to go-there
to work," replies the blind judge
sternly. . ' '
"But you misunderstand," continues the workman piteously.
".Very few industries aro safeguarded and there arc millions of
use who must work."
"You assumed the risk," stubbornly reiterated the judge, and
dismisses the man. The judges
who can sec protest, bul the blind
ones—-there are more. of them—
have their way.
Another worker' takes thc poisoned man's place, a man whose
sight is gone from an explosion, a
widow with five young, children,
hei' husband crushed while coupling cars, a man with his right arm
mangled in a machine, a woman
•whoso hair and Kcalp have been
partly torn off by unguarded machinery, a girl who has tuberculosis from weaving prints dyed with
indigo, a woman -scarred into a
hideous wreck by a needless factory fire.
"You assumed tlio risk," is tho
monotonous verdict of tlio blind
Thou there hobbles up a youngish man, his left, log a stump, his
right nrin gone, Uo hns been a
responsible railway unginoor
whoso train hns boon wmckod by
faulty aeliyn on the pari nf tho
"-Han't the railway compnny
help mu instead of! watering tho
stook soma more?" he appeals,
"Thoy'vo had my life."
And our courts; how fitting it
is that our judgos should woar fusty gowns—-thoy fit minds whioh
havo shrunk to boliovo precedent
ls justioe.
"Why, my man, it's not the
company's fault," replies the
judge, "Tho hlniun rests on your
follow servant, iho mechanic iu the
shop who did not send the engine
.out in perfect order."
"I'l ill   ,vutt    tic Il'l*    llluil'lhlUIK-i,
interjm'-f-'; lb(.' ru^hit-i; <^*-.t;.w ruU-
ly. "The iiiiichincry on that road
is vory old. No mwlianii' civx
mako it perfect."
"Kvcn  so,  you   assumed   111'1
*,.:..i. »»
ened and shrunk under the theory
that "law is based on certain principles or precedent that are eternal and immutable." Over their
proceedings these judges keep the
veil of "veneration for judicial
mystery" by contempt of court
proceedings. As a result they cut
themselves off from salutary criticism and make the conditions for
mental ossificatioii almost perfect.
Not that there aren't some judges
who come out of the process alive
at the top. There are. They are
the protesting rjiinority.
To this mental - background of
our United States judiciary, must,
be added tlieir social and business
background that makes them
"habitually think in terms of the
rich and powerful." While we
sleep most, of our judges are appointed by "the interests." • By so
doing the capitalists have built up
a judicial oligarchy, with power
Tho blind judgo lias him oitlii>r
way. Tliero is a lifo lime bofoiv.
tlio mon, children dependent on
bim, yot tho railway has suddenly
reduced him lo a cipher—worst', a
burdnn, ]Hs fn,,o xynrla JiomMv
for a moment. Thon ho hronkx
down nnd xvoonn lil;
tint        '.  -
"STTcir as no European ruler can
boast. ,
So it is that employers have
lieen able to block the course bf
justice to tlie working classes."'
Our blind judges—they are
blind, blinded'by the curse of precedent and -class — have- their
minds fixed on two laws of the
dead 7)ast,
Back in 3837 an English workman dared to sue his master, the
butcher, for sending him out-in an
unsafe delivery cart tliat broke
down and injured his leg.    The
everyday men on the jury listening to his story felt tha justice of
complaint and awarded him in" hundred   pounds.,   The   judge   was
wroth and set this verdict aside.
Prom' tliis decision   has  been
welded two dreadful instruments,
first, that a servant or employe
must bc held, when he enters the
employ of another, to have assumed the usual risks of snrih employment, and second, that thc master
is not liable for damage to one servant or employe unused by tho
negligence of a fellow servant or
. To this 18th century mental
background of our judiciary is
added tboir social and business
background which mado them
think in torms of tho "rich,"
Thoso weapons lire in the hands
nf judges who by their training
und their sources of promotion in
lifo vonio to bclii'vc the employer
anatoinienlly different from other
men. Their ninxim for tho om-
ploycr might bc lhat of "William
Haywood^, Um labor loader, "His
heart is in his pocket book. Slick
him there and ho will blued to
denlli." So, with I heno two weapons thu courts have always pro-
fecipd tho employer's vital 'centre.
They lm vn saved untold wealth to
the capitalist class and let them
slmighler and pauperize half n
million a yoa? of workmen, their
wives and children.
Our courts have used tlio due.
trine of Unit ease, ns Mr. Hoc
points out to "control and decide
cases differing from it in their
PlictH iik nnieh im the -wtmnlo lmt-
cIiov'h curt. . , . tliffotx from the
modern lee-panked refrigerator
ear . . . ." Today the machine
dominates the man instead of tho
man's dominating iho machine,
Onr jndtres fail If take into ne-
count tlio fart of the inability of
the worker to control his condition
of safety, the accidents and di-
HfitHc due to the speed maiiilallied,
iiiiHimilarv shopH, ii11«t tlm fatigue
fr-nin long hours1. Abovo nil, the
ii.uiU <nt' bliinl in the inhumanity of compelling the employe "to
A. v  .        ,''!      .   ., I iii-'-cpt the rr-NpmiNibilitv for neei.
Of ..•oiiwij it, is unforliiHiUtV (,,,.„,.  ,„,,,,  ,,ism(!)   in ,.X(.)lftnR„
fur lh- -uppitrtunity to work."
The people are waking up to the
coiiKCtiuciit ucedh'ss wuntij of lm-
mail life.   In (Utile after state wc
says tho judge, "but lhat is tie
law. Tlio employer luo*. to he protected ftfrniiiftt ciuvb-ssii.-.s'* or bis
biwineng would be ruimd." Th.-
youm? oiipin^v-r, be trho hnv hr,-*r\
powerful mul eagle-eyed, racing
- rm
(Continue*! <m I'ago Four*
'tt i '''., ' n    .ii A It
, l i^k, t   ■■ *-,  r    ..*'     ,   ... Mw*';"r'!7^'^iTi(w'^^^ i„-n^*"„*'..'',;*„*"';, i;;,'....''..£—^^:%~y^*x^.,Ayy^TXA^y~^.
ft.,'ii-*<c.    -.    .   *-*■-.*>', . ''^.'* ;.'-J-J   l.-J* * A,*.*   '.'-*v?..**--.''-=£ >S"-> -«.,', -^-.-.xft -J*"-*^.*. >- *-. *-*... ^^:*|^/yi *-'-. .-< v*-..; -.^-C- *.--.* -~r-f.   ---*.
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94?9-.ll'  '^ffg^-
.m]*_i*».*-Hf i^f...... r.i.i^jiiniw"n>*" ■■
. !'
The   Daggers of
Indigestion    <
You simply can't ho well—that Is,
really well—if your digestion ia bad,
fqr your very food may poison you
unless it is digested. That is why indigestion (imperfect digestion) is the
root causo of nearly all our minor
ailments and of many serious ones too.
Food should .nourish your body, and
make .good the daily waste which never
stops, but dt can't do that unless your
stomach digests it. No wonder dyspeptic men and women are always weak
and ailing—they're starved and often
poisoned too. Starved, mind you, not
for lack of food, but because they
don't digest the food they eat. Poisoned, .not by eating bad food, but because
stomachs    are weak    and their
■——-—■ —"■ * " ' '- ■ _^      . -. J,* 'Av^:%i
(Continuedyfrom Page Three) yAfx.
■' Yoa tUmniurv'-Ahaii-htHnrinailSitii: StivAaA *-*nli«t
have passed clear, definite laws to
protect labor. But only to. discover that j while'.,.we had been sleeping most" of our judges had been
appointed by the interests. By so
doing the capitalists have-built up
a' judiciary "oligarchy with power'
such as ■ no European ruler can
boast. The employers bring a test
case into court. If tliey lose
through the jury "tlie interests"
keep on appealing to higher and
higher courts till they get the new
bowels Inactive, and so the food they|ja°  declared'unconstitutional
eat ferments and gives.off   poisonous
gases which are carried by the blood
stream to every part -of  the body,   it
bocauso   Mother   Seigel's   Curative
Syrup possesses in a remarkable decree the power to tone, strengthen and
regulate the action of tho digestive
organs—the stomach, liver and bowels
—that it is still, after forty years testing, tho best known and most ■successful remedy for indigestion, constipation,
biliousness and tho many distressing
ailments which aro traceable to a weak
or disordered condition oC these 'important organs. Success breeds Imitators, and 'there are many so-called
substitutes for Mother Selgels Curative Syrup, but none of them contain
the combination of more than ten
herbal extracts upon which the res-
, torativo and ouratlve valuo of Motnrr
, Seigel's Curative Syrup defends. u
' you suffer from indigestion, and wisn
to give Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup
a trial, bc sure you get the genuine
■article.     .
Price $1.00.    Trial size 50c.
For sale by
1.22 RIFLE
Rifles   J
Only   High.  Grade
Hardware Furniture   ,
[Fertile,      B. C.
Mr. Gilbert Roe, one .of New
York's distinguished lawyers, has,
in "Our. Judicial Oligarchy," outlined this steal of the legislative
functions by our judges.
First, they usurped the power to
declare some statutes invalid because unconstitutional.
Kine! Very useful to the interests !
And wc have slept through it!
Then, illustrating the story of
the camel about "jus' lemme get
my nose in, jus' lemme get. my
head in," till he took possession of
the tent, the judges went still fur-,
ther and declared "other statutes
invalid merely because they disapproved the policy of such legislation."
Fine! Still more useful to the
And we have slept throught it!
..Our judges took that old clause
of the "Fourteenth Amendment"
about not depriving any person of
life, liberty or property without
due process of law, and worked it
hard. This statute, meant to protect our most helpless class of
workers, the negroes, was stretched to cover .every sort of trust and
corporation, every sort of contact
and practice.
So interpreted, the judiciary
have used this amendment to mow
down crop after crop of labor laws
enacted by the 'people in different
states to compensate workmen for
their injuries, to protect little
children from exploitation, to
shorten the horn's of labor, to provide sanitary shops, and to recognize the right of workmen to bargain collectively and to strike,effectively, i.e.. to picket.
Meanwhile, the public, though
it has heard the wails of small business men as they wore swallowed
by the court protected trusts, does
not realize that these -workers' in
industry must  organize to save
iary with1 capital, and the, blind
lengths they will go to protect' it.
. During the woolen strike in
Lawrence and the silk strike of
25,000 workers in Paterson, anarchy reigned under the f orin' „of
law. For the inidividual striker,
records Mr. R. W. Child, justice
ran pretty much .like, this:
.   Case 1, Shaim and Futehi: .
Officer—-''Coming, into court
this morning with Officer Riley
•these two men were in a, large
crowd. Every time they would
make a movement it"would excite
tiie crowd. We ' gave them' a'
chance to go home."'
One of the defendants—"I was
going along with six. other men.
The policeman said: 'Get a move
on.' T said:'Yes I will.'" Guilty,
$10,00. "■ ,   ■ •'   .    -
When the Lawrence strikers
tried to send their starving children to be cared for by workers
in New York City, the militia, the
police and the court asserted their
right to'prevent this. The workmen were subjected to a Cossacn
orgy at° the railway station. In
1 he face of all constitutional rights
the judge thundered his defiance:
"If these people wish to send their
children out of Lawrence, let them
come here, let them prepare lists
and obtain consent." Russia indeed! '    '.
For sheer numbers arrested Paterson with its 1,000 arrests and
500 convictions outranks Lawrence. Employers had all the forces of law and order turned on labor. They got Patrick Quinlan, a
Socialist speaker, condemned on
trumped-up police evidence for
"inciting to assault" and sentenced hint for from two to seven years
of hard labor. 'Alexander Scott,
the editor of a Socialist paper,
tliey got sentenced to from 1 to 15
years of liard labor for "hostility
and opposition to the government" because he' criticized the
brutality of the police. This is
most dangerous because thc decision, unless reversed in the court
of appeals, will be used as a precedent to curb the right of free
We are waking up to the needless waste of life in, business;
many States have new laws to protect labor; but this article shows
how judges construe them.
ing,'A even ;fostracism , from'"-the
House Of ;Go.d,\has been the usual
reaction£pi  ourv clergy   toward
strikers,';.. It-is'true that, through
the Federationof' Churches, -certain Men; of God.begin innocently
to espouse in- long range, button-
ed-up-behind fashion ca few economic reforms such as the minimum
wage, instigated .by employers as
a spp.to ward off coming strides.
Occasionally,- too, one hears of the
Ministers' Alliance asking for arbitration ih" a strike.   Here ancl
there one' finds the independent
man of vision in tbe pulpit with
understanding,   and,' above   all-T
courage to thunder from the altar, denouncing tho blindness and
greed of the employer who never
sees our human interests involved
behind the pa/ment of dividends.
But these instances are few and
hard to find.    1 am speaking of
the general attitude of ministers.
Go  among the  workers themselves, and you will hear tale after
tale of bitterness aud disillusion
about   the   pastors   with   their
frowns for church members who
take part in strikes, their shortsighted talk about the rewards of
honesty and industry, their damnable,    body-destroying    advice
about contentment with one's lot
because ofthe reward awaiting up
in Heaven.
And the Church; how far it is
from real religion?  It made a little Italian girl say: "I like I. W.
ti. better than God.   God be no
talka for me like I.W.W."
Oar supplied with  tho  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigar-fi
j "-
Fernie, B. C.
Cash Prices
Men'e Half Soles,
nailed on     85c pair
Men's Heelii nailed on   40o pair
Women's Half 8olea,
nailed on     60o pair
Women's Heeli, nailed on     25c pair
Women's Rubber
Heels    50c pair
Men's Rubber Heels..   65c pair
Tbo abovo fluuroH aro for vory
focst work nntl material, Fluuro
It out and boo If It won't pay you
to patronise) tlio O, K, Shop.
Wm. Thompson
Mr. J. Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
Specialist In Tuning
& Pianola Works
Apply for terns to
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St
body and so~ul. Only, by solidarity can they win bodily joy and
well being.
Against their collective action
the courts have a variety of. weapons in their arsenal.
Labor organization they hamper
with the charge of "conspiracy."
Strikes they divide into two classes, lawful and unlawful "Strikes
arc declared unlawful sometimes
because of their object, sometimes
because of the means employed."
The decision depends largely on
the caprice of the judge.
From the way judges protect
employers, they must think with
a labor leader—"their hearts ore
in their pockets, stick them there
and they will bleed to death,"
Picketing may be judged "unlawful.1 ' When it is not, there arc
other iWays of "beating Ihe
gamo." Our judges do not hgo
that the right to strike involves
tho right to picket. They give a
pound of flesh, but allow not one
drop of blood., Now, tho strike is
of no use to workmen if thoir jobs
may bo taken at once by other
workmen, It is absolutely necessary to explain to the now mon the
conditions against which the
strike is a protest,
When tlio strike is in progress
the employer watches for disorder.
If necessary, ho may hire a thug
to provoke lliu striker to violence,
Then ho rush oh to tho court house
nnd secures from the judge nn injunction ngalnst picketing, any vi-
olntion of wliich enables tho judgo
to sentence the leaders, often with*
out a jury trial. (A pertinent inquiry of the lnbor organization at
this point is, why not dopond on
the criminal law in the ense of n
strike ns in all cases, to punish any
breach of the peace or othor violence T)
In a state that hns followed the
English precedent that peaceful
picketing is legal, nnd Whoro the
injunction has been done away
with, tho employer Rots the sympathetic judgo to cripple the
strlko by arresting pickets for
"obstructing tho traffic," .calling
"ocnb" nnd "•thnmc" or fnr ovon
speaking lo atriko breakers, when
thoy nro unwilling (ns n violation
of tho law that gives passers-by
on tho atreet.tho right to bc unmolested). Of courso strike break-
otn need to bn argued with against
tlieir will or they wouldn't bc
"scabbing" on tho strikers.
Speakers and rndical editors are
jailed on thc grounds of "inciting
riot" or going against the government..
Tlmn if tin* police, or "-4room
nnn" men kill a striker or n Htl-
yen tlm indue* Imvu ih*' Uliur leaders for "inciting to inniiMltiugh-
A review of some ic-i'iit legal
proceedings ngalnst sirikcs illus-
j trait1* the sympathy «i our judic-
Is it any wonder" tbat after
inonths7"Oi unjust-1 mpnsonment-
awaiting trials on trumped-up
charges the prison'door swings tq
let. out men more determined than
ever to create tlieir own system of
justice ? Why is it, the judges cannot see they are fanning the very
flames tliey try to stamp out?
Such are thc blind lengths to
which our judicial oligarchy lia^e
travelled. They will continue on
this road until either the people
or the unions make it more expensive to kill n worker than to protect, him.
As yet these judges will not
brook criticism, but brook it they
must as fast as the people wake
up to the fact that these judges
are legislators aud therefore no
more sacred than members of
Congress. Already tho public
asks, nnd ono state has decided,
that thc recall of judges is a social necessity. What indeed, oan
you do with a judgo appointed for
life by the "interests'-'?
Whom does the church serve,
capital or labor? It is significant
of our times that Josephine Casey's prayer, published nnd republished nround the world, was not
made in the pulpit of some dim
church, its shadows warmed by
the glow of stained glnss, its vaulted arches trombljng with fnint,
sweetly troubled music.
It was inevitable that this
prayer for tho weltering millions
should find birth In n dingy,
crowded labor hull, abovo n shop
in n downtown district, It, wns a
hall whoso luird wnlls were hung
with framed charters oT various
union locnls, linkers', street enr
workers', electricians', brloklny-
ers', a boll tlint stood in tho din
of traffic, tlm rumble of trucks,
tho squeal of trolleys rounding
corners, tlm lioarsc shouts of drivers, nnd the calls of newsboys.
Kcligion, faith, docs great good
in the world of men. But tlmt
nian-niado institution, tho church,
iu how fnr does It help tlio nrmy
of industry to become "spiritually organised "f
Ik the minister of your church
following tho precepts of Jesus
Christ—the precepts of religion?
Or, is he kowtowing to tho expo.
(Money of the richest members of
your congregation! think that
over. Think it over. Answer to
that thing within yourself which
you cannot deceive, to which you
cannot lie. Religion and tho
church have been lino grctucsi lac-
tor for the world's good; but the
church cnn do mnny limes more
right now thnn it hns ever done if
its ministers will only follow tho
teachings of God's Son rather
than accept, uucon8."fnindy, thc dl-
rectlon of men who, having more
money now than they can u:»c. yet
sro willing nnd trying <«» amass
greater piles, c*en nl the expense
of the Ilws snd hcnlth of millions
of human brings.
Dittpprobtlion, miwind* rstantl-
In proof, .take the following experiences of labor, they are typical
of, thousands to" be heard if you
will but take the trouble to inquire:
During the strike in the Kalamazoo Corset Factory that manufactures the American Lady corset, where young girls have been
making a heroic, long-drawn, starvation stand for a living wage and
sanitary conditions in a shop
where infectious venereal' disease
was rife, one of the girls met ber
pastor on. the street. He adjured
her to' be patient and to try to
think of her employer as a Christian. ' When one considered the
heroism of the girl and the minister's blind.respect for the established order, of things, is it any
wonder the girl was moved'to reply: "Oh, yes, I think ,,he's : a
o'n five loaves and' two fishes if
he-could!."        ' •
The pastor of the Dutch girls in
this same, struggle warned his
flock from the vpulpit: "It- is
wrong to .join the union," and expelled one of the girls who had
developed a beautiful spirit of
leadership in the strike.
The Catholic priest, under
whose charge some of these-striking garment workers came, attempted to use the authority of
his position to get them to go
back into this unsanitary shop
with its less thnn living wage for
young girls. * . •
It is true that the ■Ministers' Alliance, when appealed, to, waited
upon the manufacturer. Upon his
reply, "Nothing to arbitrate, gentlemen," thc clergy felt helpless.
They decided "to advise tho press
to, be accurate" with a naivete
that causes one to smile.- The great
service they might have performed of preaching from their pulpits
on the moral issue of the strike,
tliat, with one or .two exceptions,
they wero not prepared.to do.
In the Lawrence woolen strike
tho clergy co-operatod with the
town authorities and the manufacturers in a fight which has caus-
ed the thinking peoplo of tlio nation to point the finger of scorn
at them.   .
During the silk strike in Paterson a Man of God visited the pris-
on crowded liko a rabbit-hutch
with workors, Whon ho asked tho
womon -if they would liko him to
preach to them on Sundny thoy
said shortly, n'o, if they had any.
one thoy would sonil for Pastor
Galloway, who wns on their side in
tho strike.
He looked at 7 young girls, 10
and 17 yenrs of nge, who hnd boon
put in jail for no reason at all, ns
was the fashion with tho Paterson
authorities: "It's a shame lo soo
nil you pretty girls in jail," ho re-
marked, softening for a moment,
"Wi'll, get ur out* then," wns
their practical retort.
"Thnt I cannot do."
"No; but you cnn always go
against us."
"We must pray," was \m reply.
Did".;he ;sharey his vgopldv;.f6od
that someone"sent' to'bimf jii^thO'
prison h. "NoJ ^ That -isiwhat'y-our-
leaders!.are'.like !'■*!'■%'.;'-,'--' : •"".'■'".' ';V.-
"It'sVa-lie;" blazed one 'of ,'the
girls. .''My. brother, was in prison
w'rth him-.,- He sent nie,a post card
on wliich lie wTote'thatTresea'had
shared'.iiis-food with him,", y.y
. '' Yes jiarid my-cousin, was' there,
too,", flashed, another,, girl. "He
told me "about it. -'Tresca shared
his food with-six.''  /,;' ' ^ ..." _    \
All of which does,riot tend to
create an attitude of respect- fqr
the church on the part of the strikers.  . ' '   ■-   ,      .,'"'..
' - .'  ' .  ' '-J' '"' '
Is the minister of your church
following the precepts of religion?
Or is he kowtowing to the expediency of the richest members of
your congregation?,
All these' instances help us to
understand why a little Italian
girl of 15, working under the contract system and with an injured
skull for which she-,has had no
recompense, after telling how the
priest scolded her at confession
for presuming to strike, added
thoughtfully: "I like I. W. Wi
better than God. God he no talka
for mo.like I. AV. W.'.'" She had
much the air of saying: ."God is
a very nice gentleman, but after
■all he's,a good deal of a Bystander." Is it any wonder that Theresa
feels so when she, thc victim of a
vicious system against which all
her young strength and intelligence protests, meets only opposition on the part of the church?
Leo Oppenheimer,' the paster of
the richest Jewish church in New
Jersey, lost his position when he
stood against the silkmanufactur-
ers in his congregation and urged
the justice of their workers' demands. l -
Most, ministers, do not care to
run the risk of offending the conservative members of the church.
Is it for this reason'that minister
after minister has occupied the
pulpit .in one of the richest Episcopal churches in New York City.
and' not preached against the
source of its revenues part of
which were derived from the rental of buildings, Unsanitary, unfit
for human habitation, and parts
of them given over to -prostitution ?
While congregations, through
the force of cxistom, accept exhortation on the conventional evils of-
"wine, woman and song," they
still have the old American atti-
that a man's business is his business. It hasn't dawned on them
that a man's seemingly legitimate
business may also be theirs if it is
a,menace to the community. Thousands of earnest Christians do not
see that when they wear clothing
that has' the wages of prostitution)
stitched into its very seams and
button holes they are helping to
recruit girls into the ranks of
In' the pearl-button strike' in Town, where the church women were
in the'habit of getting cheap work
from the button factory to do at
'tlieir meetings and thereby help
meet the church expenses, these
good womon did not see that they
were "scabbing" on young girls
who were fighting for tho conditions in which thoy might' also'
lead decent, Christian lives.
Whilo few ministers have the
courage to,do this, fow havo the
necessary understanding of our
modern devil. Tho ministry; like
some other professions, has boen
so specialized and so isolated as to
bo divorced from the industrial-
problems of our time, practical
contact with which gives social
workers their deep conviction thnt
people's general mornlity deporfds
first of all on a living wago. -
An obvious proof of tho
church's failure to grasp tliis fact
in time is that thc grout mass of
workfolk have ttirncd from the
church to unions and fraternal organizations. It is in tho labor organizations thoy find, au understanding of thoir problems, tho
ugly facts of economic, lifo with
which tliQy must contend to keep
from being reduced to the beast.
That is ono groat reason why tho
incronso ■ in church membership
each year lags further behind tho
increase in population. That is
why tho working pooplo worship
the labor lenders. It is they, not
tho ministers who are holping
them to become "spiritually organized." That is why one finds
such acts of devotion ns Kalamazoo witnessed when Josephine Casey, thc leader of the corset Rtrike,
wns sentenced to prison for testing the legality of a wholesale in-
'gree^but v;^en>:3rou,r read vthe
-facts in;the artiofej-^at1 other aij-
'swer is'tfiere? fVif J" ?$,&A-$:JyM-\
-y';;- : -' AAA*~Ap,?•■■$: "Cy- X;\'
^.To many it-intxst'.s'eem-a bolcVas-^
sertiori to, say;'thatfthe- cl'ergyjbf
the country- .arertheiservaiitsv;of
capital, the1 "moral support of Ahe
nianufaeturers""and the capitalistic
interests, yet wb'en'the-'experience
of the working'peopleOwitli the.
church, is taken-as evidence*;, what'■
other answer,-is Ihere ?- ,„   , .■„■  ■;
. Much, is: wrong'in/th'e,'United
States that should be-right.' .-,*;>
„We have bad aperiod of "good-
andrbadrriaari^.^agitation.-' "''Uncle Joo' is to'1 blame!"-- "Morgan
is to blameK":''.'To the pillory
with Rockefeller!" Biit the. fault
is much .greater, than.that;''*'-''. A,
Today we are attacking collective capital with, its Mulhalls.for
seizing all our - institutions*,*'and
through every avenue of publicity,
the church, the,press, the judiciary, thfowing'dust in the eyes of
the people. But the fault is much
greater."  •      '   . ■ V_v '
We, the Sleepers, are to blame.
,We have to go through a-period
of being pounded on the nose until we are made to realize our responsibility. Until "then"the churnA,
tlie press and the .judiciary will
be the potent servant's of Great
Greed; ...
,Now must we be too slow in
waking, for the longer we delay
evolution, the longer we let the
power of modern industry cripple
and crush and kill, undereducale,
underfeed "and fill with hate,the
army of industry under\: whose
banners millions march, tlie wider
revolution gapes.  '  ,      .   ft      -.'
ITho first Installation of Karl Marx's
^.Capital" has just appeared ln the Finnish language. Two years ago the Finnish 'parliament appropriated1 110.000
for the purpose of translating the
book. ■Similar appropriations are frequent in Finland. The work is being
published In Installments by "Tyom-
ios," the Socialist paper of Helsing-
fors, Finland.
'Are your hands chapped) cracked
or sore ? Have, you " coid cracks "
which'open and,bleed when the skin
U' drawn tight?/, Have, yoV a cold
sore, frost bite, "chilblains, or a ."raw"
.place, which at times makes it agony
f or * you to go about your, household
duties ? If bo,-Zam-Buk will give you
relief, and will heal the frost-damaged
skin, 'Ahoic*- the sore places at night,
Zam-Buk's rich" healing essences will
sink into the.wounds," isnd the smarting, and will heal quickly,   y
[ Mrs. Yeilen,; of Portland; says: *■ "If»
hands were so sore and cracked that it
was agony-to1 put' them'.near water.
When-. I did so they would smart and
burn as if I hod scalded them. I seemed
quite unable to get relief from anything
I put on them until I tried Zam-Buk,'
and lt succeeded when all else had
failed. It closed the big eraoks, gave
me ease, soothed the inflammation, and
tn a very short time healed my hands."
Zam-Bub aln> turet thafing, ratku, winter
       .... ,. 9... 9.^
■ - ^i
tcztma, piitt, *U(4ri,f$it*r*ng $ortt, $or* htmdi
and btici; abtcttut, p*mvieit ring-warm, *tc.
euti, burnt, bruiui, §cMt, Bprairu. OJ •(.
druggitU and itora, cr pott fn* /rum ti\* Zam>
.Bui Co., Toronto. ■ Prico SCoa ban.'
. Good manners are a sign of charity,
towards your" fellow men, of diuty to-
wards'your neighbors; and also a sign
of self-respect... A. man who respects
himself is always well mannered to
others. -
Local Union Directory, Dist, 18, U.M.W. A.
,    No. 2314 ,       '*
Meet first and third Fridays,-
Miners' Hall, Fernie; second and
fourth Fridays, Club Hall, Qoal
Creek. Sick Benefit attached..-,
Ti Uphill, Sec.
Fertile, B. .C.
'■iV«ij,r iUoltfJ wilt at Dm
girls. "I preyed for fourteen
yenrs.   Never agninl"
Thmi the Man of God began to
tell them of the inherent wl cited-,
JII'KH     111     KlnKlHg.     Ul      pfOMSAUl-nJ
against life ns they found it.
"Your leader* nre wleked, dishonest people who nre getting rich
while you »Uu*vo."
•'Prove itt prove It!"
"look at Trcw? Wfmrt h« vmn
in jnil here he had t&Kn hit pock-
Th* inn*i\. ttmttA'
^UI|-,I(VH     tmftt9tttm.il    })$,*. **4%ti*fa.
After ibe doom of tho JnN btid
closed on her the strikers, walking
two abroast, marched down tho
main ntreet to tho prison, three
times round Its wall*, and stood
*..     f!1i,.*i      »..>,.i<f.M        T*-«     V*m     -tVof/v
fcWb       ii-t^-vM1* ■*' h* *** J V t* ■ •*••*-* **   »*- «*»»■--* —
pinched girl* and women and men
felt or-iderataiuling of their bitterest problems, They had witnessed
her untiring effort* in their behalf, thoy knew of hor generous
Vtpplication of her salary a* financial organiser to help feed hungry
months. For them her spirit *honr»
with a whitn light even through
the walls of thc prison, and they
bent their heads in reverence.
It may teem wrong to tay that
otir elargy are the Mrvant* of
No. 2497
j-i_MnAt_ftvnr-y_TiiPHt1ny nvAnlng In
the Athletic" Hall at 7.30,    Sick
Benefit Society in connection.  -
W. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmor, B. C.
, i No. 2334
Moot overy Sunday ■ afternoon
at 2 o'clock in Crahan's, Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
' H. Elmer, Sec.
No. 1387 '
Moot evory Sunday. Slok and
Accldont Honoflt Society attached,
Michael Warren, Sec.
Canmore, Alia,
No. 1058
Moot second and fourth Sunday
In month; Sick and Donoflt Society ftUachort.
J. doi'ton, See,
No. 2227
Moot ovory alternate Sunday at
2,30   p.m.   In   the  Opora  Houso,
J, Mltcholl, Soo,
Dox IOR, Coleman.
No. 20
Moet every Tuesday ovonlng at
7 o'clock In tha nankhead Hall,
Slok and Accldont Benefit Fund
Frank Wheatley, Fin. Sec,
Danklioad, Alta.
NO. 1180
Moet evory Sunday afternoon
in Miners' Hall, t.SO.
Frank narrlngliatn, Boo,
Hox 118, Coalhurst P. O.
'   , -. No.• 2683 ' .,
'tMeet every.other Sunday, generally second .and fourth Sundays
ln tho montlv.■       ,   ^    ;-  ;-'l .
,,   o-   '        J- "•*.. J. Johnstone, Sec.,
'"■• J    PASSBURG LOCAL   .
"*■ ' ".        .,   No. 2352    *--   ./'/.'
.-Meet every second-and fourth-
'Sunday"of each month at 2-p.m. '-
'clety attached.  .'"..--
Thos, G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta.
'"' No, 949
, ' Meet ovory second, and fourth
Sunday of each month at 10-a.m.
In School House, Burmis. No ,Slck
Society.   '
Thos. G.-Harries, Sec
Passburg,- Alts.
No. 2829
Meet overy first and thlrdSun-.
day of caoh month at 10 mm, in
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. No Slok
Socloty.      '
Thos. 0. Harriot, Sec
Passburg, Alta,
No. 431
Meet ovory Wednesday ovonlng
at 7.30 In Minors' Hal), 12th Avo-
nuo North,
tt. Moore,' fiec-Treas.
No. 431
Moot ovory Sunday at 2.SO p.m.
In tho Socialist Hall.
Jamos Burko, Soo.
Box SO, Dollovuo, Alta.
No. 481
Moot overy Sunday at 3 o'clock
John Loughran, Seo.
, No, 2877
Moot every socond Sunday at S
o'clock In tho Club Hall,   Sick
Benefit Soclsty attached.
" John Jones, Boo,
Corbin, n, O,
•i , i    . f t       .. T
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
j-****     umm
tr. Ai   UUHit.
Yt.iin t,*.it*lt**9
4   ' •'/".•*"•"',
Agents Wanted
Reliable Real Estate Agents
4n orory town anfl rlllac* In the Waal I tandl* «nly Orat claaa nwnay
oaktaff vmtftlat and will lurnlih boat o* D*nk and Con»»*wW "A
•rtmee? Can fnrnlah nam* of o?ar four hundwd aaUaflad «Uanla who
hire mad* substantial profits from InrMttnemts In propertioi I sell to
idem. Writ* ioAttj tor particular! and M«i»ra tha a*«»cy for your tar
ROBT. A. GRANT,   Financial Agent
1001, 1002 MeArthur Bldg. Wlnnlp#«, Man,
Advertise in the "ledger1* and  get results
if«. r
. =.'-" AV&-&A'; -\  ""''
- --..Ah'' ■-;;-,.-, ,•-< *.,:- *. ;,i*'rf;<-* 'Ay.- -.-_j,,
. _ .,, '.i'Xi
-,  < ' *i *.   V*   -
■9 h.
'7y^:^*Ax/^X]y^ff'A^yypx^AA77A'y--A, yx-y. ';',;;-M yX,£
X-i*'$,^A'y>AA''AA-xA "-.*• -N .•-■• -^ ■',- -."V. 1'--''       " — ■--  '    "
'IHE'DIBTB^^U&ai^TEXN^ B. C, NOVEMBER 22, 1913.
Established April J899 „      ; v/'..;;
. JM^wfc^Miy
WhoMcUe "diidyReiail  rTobdCCOnist
-•■ a
Baths7'and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
Great Northern
Train going South leaves Fernie ,9:53 a.m. daily
except Sunday,,making direct connections at Kex-
ford for the Vest'and with 'the ORIENTAL LIMITED East bouud, THE CRACK train of the North-
"west.- i , ^
Train from the South arrives Fernie 7:30 p.m.,.
makes'direct connections at Rexford from East and
West. ^  -•, ' v ;
Special round trip Canadian Holiday Fares to
Atlantic Sea Ports in connection with Ocean tickets now in effect. *
Agent       :       :       :       Fernie, B. C. .
The.question Is asked. We
answered:, "Look,around you
and see.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing. ...  ..-,  ... -.	
Are you alive, to the situation? If you are we" can show
you a place you can make a
Dig proiitrion..-        -       ~~~"
,As compared to later on.
* Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
, Dirt Cheap.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
American Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
wore the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Bocauso thoy are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
Four Pool Tables, almost
New.  Samuel May, maker
Will sell separate if wanted for $200 on terms.
Mrs. Agnes
Queen's Hotel
Hosmer, B. C.
'.That is'the,last word in many aii
argument nowadays,-.especially when
the subject is the soul-stirring, mind-
gripping, .heart-shaking one of the -reordering of society and. the inauguration - of the ' co-operative commonwealth. Of course it is the opponent
of Socialism' and the' barracker for
Things as They Are who so "settles
the hash" of "the silly Socialists- and
the crack-ibrained theorists. .
It is his conclusive rejoinder to tlie
claims and ideals of the sociologists
and humanitarians.'
It Ib his decisive case for. the -perpetuation of the present system of
Il clinches all his arguments in
advocacy of Letting Things Alone
and In opposition to the New Order
that is to be.   -, -'   .
•It, is so inlich easier to say that a
thing is impossible than to "demonstrate Hs.JjmposstbIllty that tho man
who rosorfs to this.- unsatisfactory
method of settling Ihe matter bas
either u bad case or his argument is
v weak.
But saying a thing is impossible docs
not make it impossible. What, ho is
looking for is' reasqnable and logical
proof of the assertion, and until tliis is
forthcoming he is not convinced.
Very little is impossible; one might
ulniost say that nothing is impossible.
The annals of our own time are full
of records of achievements which but
a century ago—even half a century
ago—would have ibeen regarded as beyond the -limit of possibility that a
wise man will -pausd before declaring
anything impossible.
If we .were to assert that—assuming
that same of the other planets are inhabited—within a century interplanetary communication would be ,an ■ accomplished fact, we should be greeted
of a surety with a storm of "impossibles."
But if a hundred years ago someone
had stated that within a century every
great nation of—the earth would be
linked together by an endless wire,
and that the news of the world would
be flashed from, country to country in
a moment, his statement -would have
been regarded-as equally absurd.
Truly, says ■ Harbert ' Kaufman:
''Time is constantly taming into reality our forefathers' wildest guesses."
If less than half a century ago some
oue Jiad .asserted that, within' twenty
years we would be able to-communicate .with ships thousands of miles
away on the open ocean, with nothing
whatever but the mysterious and impalpable etilier to convey our message,
he would have been regarded either as
an original sorb of romancer or a hopeless lunatic
. *But( wireless -telegraphy, like many
anotliei of the 'marvels which science
has revealed during recent years, is
now becoming a mere commonplace
and,attracts but little attention
-■ It is often the case tliat a thing is
pronounced impossible becau'se the
person   making  the  assertion  either
"does"not wish it-£o_bc~possible—or"
desires otilier people to regard it as
'' It is'in/this spirit that'anti-Socialists, declare Socialism—the most simple and. beneficent form of social organization, ever propounded—to toe
"an impossible dream."
The' very word is relative and not
absolute.'   ,' •
It -was simply impossible yesterday
to do the things that we do with ease
today. •,.       ,  * - ,".
And the very fact that we io them
with" ease today proves that they were
not really impossible yesterday.
We can not do today what our chil-
dren will do tomorrow.
But the fact that our children will
do these,things tomorrow shows that
they are not absolutely but merely relatively impossible today.
■As Louis Lingg says in ','The Bomb."
"The dreams of today are the realities
of 'tomorrow." ,   "v
Impossible! \
Say not that anything is so!
Leander would have considered it
was impossible to have crossed the
Hellespont in an aeroplane.
iBut it wasn't.
He didn't know how to do it, tha:
was all!     -   ■>"
Julius Caesar would have regarded
it as impossible to flash his famou1;
"Veni, vldivici" to the Spnale by wireless telegraphy,
' But is wasn't.'
The only trouble was that he didn't
know how!
. Homer would have supposed  that
"it was impossible*to write the Iliad
with a fountain pen, or to click off
the Odyssey with a typewriter,
Nero,  never   dreamed,, of driving
down the Appian Way in a motor car.
.iBut those.things were not impossibilities.    •
We have demonstrated, that.
And, our children's" children will
prove in like manner that the things
that,seem to us grotesquely impossi-,
ble are as simple as- simple can he.
Tilings are ,never. impossible.
The onlyyobstacle is our own pitiful
ignorance or our own pitiful indolence.
To the workers all things are possible. . -
United as one they have only to say
that,this or that shall be done, and it
shall be done. , ~
They have only to declare that the-
rule of gold shall cease, and it shall
They have only to pronounce for
the Golden Rule, and it shall prevail.
Tliey have only .to decide upon the
deposition of Mammon, and 'Man shall
take his place upon the "throne of
They have only to stand solidly and
steadfastly for Socialism, and the "impossible, Utopian'-dream" is a .present
The workers, we say! .
They are, the masters of their fate,
the captains of their soul.
'Mark-ye'the words of the'Sage of
Chelsea, grim and glorious Carlyle:
'|The_"word 'impossible' does not ap-
deparbment run on a -meter basis,
charging so much a squirt?" ■   *:
Socialists say it is wrong to allow"
the few to own, the things needed by
the many.- They say that the food"
'supply, the .machinery of production.
aud distribution should belong to the
people instead of the capitalists.
Socialists say that the, public utilities should (be,run'for the use of the
peotple/not to use the people. A water
systenrshould be the property of the
users, not of the capitalists. If you
think it would 'be right for a capitalist
to own the fire .department;-then you
naturally believe it right for'a parasite
to own the'things whereby the people
must live. You instinctively believe
in capitalism! And, as such, you can
never see the beauties of the Socialist
ideal. "   -
■If...you should believe the people
should own the fire department, and
that the people should get the "benefit
of it, then you are In line for the
truths of the Socialist position, You
are good material'for the Socialist to
work on.,'   ,
The Socialist wants ypu to put the
principle of use, not profit, into the
everyday things of life, lie wants you
to help him wrest the public utilities
and industries from the,hands of the
capitalists and place them where they
belong—with the .producers, with the.
workers,, wilh the people,
Who are you for? The workers or
the shirkers? You may take your
pear in the   brave man's dictionary."
Neither does it in the lexicon of the
Socialist.—Maoriland Worker.
A Bit of Socialism
By Emanuel Julius
I saw u little fire this morning
around the corner.from whore I live.
It wasn't much of a fire—much to tho
regret of the youngsters of the neighborhood—and it didn't take more
than twenty minutes for the firemen
to extinguish tho kitchen blaze. But
tho thing that impressed me about
tho fire was: I, saw a numbor of
comm'onplace' things that I hadn't
given thought to in-the past because
they wero bo ordinary, but they took
on a, great deal of interest this morning.   Let me explain myself.
A young fellow of about 16 was tho
first to see tlio blaze,   He ran to an
alarm box nnd sent ln a call,for the
firemen.   That, you irviiut confess, is
very uninteresting and ordinary. Somo
ton or fifteen blocks away a bell rang
and registered tho whereabouts ot tho
place from which the call had ibeen
made.   A numbor of firemen stopped
playing cards, or playing tho piano,
or reading tho Sunday supplement, or
possibly   the  Western  Comrado,  or
stopped nrguliiR on tho merits of tho
Los Angeles baseball  tonm—nt nny
rato, thoy stopped doing what ever
they woro doing and rusliod to tho flro
mpparatiiK.   You soo, I persist In donl-
!ng In matters of an ordinary nnturo,
A half minuto later tliey woro dashing down tlio Btroot, lu-mled for tho
bcoiio of tho flro,   Tt was nn Inspiring
bcpup;  how thoy flangod nnd rnitrwl
nnd thundered I   It wns lialr-nilHlng!
Woll, UiIh Is ordinary, too,   Suddenly
thoy woro boforo tlio buriilns limine,
Tlio fireman got busy with ho»o, wn*
tor, ladders, liatqheta und what not.
Somo got busy and carried out plocoH
of furniture,   Woll, to mako a commonplace affair qulto brief, thoy ox-
tlngulflliod tlio bliuo.   An officious-
looking   fireman''"■ took ' down   somo
names and iiddrosnos, irindo a number
of notos In his roport *book-~nnd gavo
tho word. So, with a clang, thoy woro
off,   A half hour later things were
quiet agnlti.  Tho neighbors scattered
to thoir homos.   Tho hlddlns hurrlml
to school.    Anil  ponce  rolgnod  tm-
I noticed that tho firemen didn't
stop to ask nny questions wh-on thoy
appeared on thu scone. Thoy didn't
negotiate with tho owner of tho burning house, Thoy didn't placo a motor
on tho wntor. Thoy didn't mil tor
monoy to *pay for tho wear and tear
t*t *\t\t\  ttrti flrwVhfn-Mt**     Vw-dM.'tliev
demand cash to pny I'or tho conl ro-
nuiretf to te;p tfus. .eiifcUw, n»u«i«*.
.Vor did Ihey demand w to* tho
wages thnt must be drawn toy tho
doion or more fireman. Tliey didn't
waste a .moment on anything except
the t&uk of extinguishing that blaze.
HO H   VJKlttWIt lit ill At .1'.
The1 firemen didn't havo anything
In mind but tho duty of killing tlio
blaze, protecting lifo and proporty.
That's all tliey Boomed!Interested In.
How strange!
Thoy didn't nsk whether tho owner
nf tho  1u,it!if* wim  .i   T?*»pii.h!lr,in   it
Democrat, a Hoclnlist or n Progr*-* j
-*W«»!   Thoy didn't Inquire tf tho hom<>!
owiwr was a Catholic, a Jew nr a :
Methodist.   Thoy didn't ask whether
Ledger Ads are Money Getters
How strange! What a different
scone'if the fire department wore
owned by a "capitalist! First of all,
the fire department, If owned by
General Otis, let us'say, .would ..call
up 'Dradstreet's to inquire concerning
tho. credit" of the man whose-house
waa afire. If 'Mr. Smith's rating didn't
happen^ to be very good, they would
settle Iback and Bay:    ''
"Oh, let the house hum! Smith's
credit ain't good!"
But, let us suppose Mr. Smith's
credit to be O, K. With a rush tho
firemen would bo off. Appearing on
the scene, they would immediately
place a meter on the fire plug and
charge Mr. Smith so much, for oach
gallon of wator .consumed. That
would bo tho first thing. The next
would be to weigh the coal,* «o that,
Mr. Smith could pay for that Item.
Then, he would be charged Just so
much for wnnr and tear of .the flro n-iv-
lmnituH, Also, tho length ot time consumed In oxttngulshlng tho flume
would bo cnusldcrod in the bill, In
addition, I might add, tho flromon
would noL ho anxious to ontlnguish tho
flnme too (illicitly, for by doing that
tho charges would bo Bomowlint lowor.
The larger tho flro nnd tho longer tho
tlmo Herded would mnko tlio bill just
so much larger. In other words, Mr,
Smith's flro would bo nn opportunity
to juiiUu profit. And, refit rwured, thc
cupltnllst, .with his monopoly on tho
flro dopnrtmont, would «co to It that
ovory flro would bring him u neat roll
of money. For tlmt would bo his business,
That may sound ridiculous, donr
reader, but It Is tlm nppllciitlou of tho
present system to our activities of
lifo, Wo mny hnvo oiir firo department In tho hands of the -poa-plo to
sisrvo the people and not oxplolt thorn,
Wo may havo a flro department run
for uso und not for profit, but the fact
remains thnt nlmost ovory other nvo-
mio of lifo, (inil many nrn no Important
ns tho fire department, nro run on n
capltnllst IiiisIh, which monnn that tho
needs and Joys shall bo made to >u
needs of the people, their miseries and'
Joy* shall bo mado to bring profit to
tho capitalists,
AVhen we would havn brand wo
must pay toll to a capltnllst. , lie
practically mays:
"it vou enn't nav mon tho profit I
want, then you can go hung youmelf.
I'iij  ...(., ii.1' .il..-1*.'1"
That's cf'-niillflllH-m. He Iiiih « motor
on the fond supply and ho knows your
ra'ing in the llrndstrcot ot lifo, and If
you can't pay him,.then your houso
and life fan go to smltheinens.
Instead ot mmilnir "n* iotn. supply
for service snd use, wo run it for the
profit of ii small class of parasites,
who nre determined to grow; rich on
thn tii'idH of tbo pooplo,
A timftll rlnss owns our railroad-*,
toleRniph*. mines, mills nnd factories,
P,iy toll nr freeze, tmyn Iho ronl
Vay toll ir wnlV, nays the mltrond
I'sy nu* ur go without, say ilift cup-
man of row! moral «harac- \ l«*ll*t»,  who  have  monopollTod   tin-
I JhitiCT that »r<* necfjed by All tlu? p.-o-
By Jacob  K.  Novlns
Imagine our Legislature to pass a
law to stopomurders. by providing for
certain weapons with which you can
kill anybody.
You may think such a thing is Impossible and absurd. Yet, Uie identi-'
oal and of a worse nature has happened. . And what is more, it, came from
a quarter we least expected it.-
The International Peace Conference
was called by-Nicholas II„ Czar of
Russia, for "the maintenance-of General iPeace." '
A little later, Russia indulged in a
deadly war with Japan. The United
States, another organizer of the Peace
Cause, waged war on Spain. The Italian King got on top of 'Turkey—for the
sake of Christianity!
'But that is not so bad; we are used
to su'ch things. But here is something
that is humorous and sad at the same
At the Hague Convention in 1907,
after many learned dignitaries had delivered brilliant and glaring speeches
on the glory, of peace, "seeking to
mako the great idea of universal peace
tiiumph over the elements of trouble
and'discord," the following resolutions
were adopted, among others:
• "It*is expressly forbidden—
' To employ poison or poisoned weapons T=r- ■ ,    '
"To employ arms, projectiles or material calculated to cause unnecessary
pain or suffering."
Instead of finding the'fundamental
causes of war and trying to destroy
them, the International Peace Confer-
-eite.e_made_la3ys_forjwaifl It is like
stopping murder by limiting some
ways of committing them,1 instead of
removing the -c-auses that make murderers.
•Wars have cost hillions'of lives and
dollars in the past. While civilization
advances, wars are ' becoming more
savage, more brutal and horrible. War
in the future will be .more horrible.
Disease and suffering merge over the
battlefield, while crises, heart, pangs,
hunger,,privations and,-starvation do
the work among the families at home.
In dollars and cents, wars have cost
enormously. The Crimean War in 1853
Was an expense of over $1,500,000.000.
During the second half of tho .nineteenth century the European nations
snent over $6,000,000,000 for wars.
What has -been the expense in lives
and dollars in the Civil War? In the
Russo-Japanese War? The Spanish-
'The terrlblo weapon, disease, Is doing the work moro dondly than the
bullet. In tho latest .Balkan affair,
when Houmanla attacked Bulgaria, the
struggle was bloodless. Not a shot
was..flrod, "No poisoned weapons or
arms, projectiles or material calculated to cause unnecessary suffering"
were iisod, Yot the war was not death,
loss. Tho army returned "victorious,"
with a llBt. of dead from that terrible
dlseiiBo, cholera, exceeding fi,000 of tho
choico mon of Roumanln. Many moro
^ro more dond thvui nllve,
You cannot koop the dovll from tho
bjittleflold by any regulation!
Wnr In all Its forms Is hell. In ordor
to iiHioIIbIi hnll and hnvo ponoo, we
must abolish wnr, Wo muRt abollBh
wnr and not regulate it like prizefights.
iWo muBt find the ftnuhimontnl onuses of war nnd kill tliom! Kill thorn
ns wo hill tho gerniH In n degoiiorato
system! ■
he wns a
ter or a general  roustabout.   They
Just smothered the flru. That was alt! J pi".
And when ihey succr<>d«>d In slopping I    Don't
you sf><) how, rlilk-utou* this
the fire, they went back' lo thflr llM-jarrant.-nifiit ot ulMt» UJ   Jxm'i jou
li.mi,, ' ■•■ ,.   ''i ir  If
fi- *lmf!ir fo hnvfr-ir ■' f-r'"
Are Conditions Growing Worse?
Q. Aro conditions for tho worker
bettor or worse today limn a century
A. This question Is not ossont-lnl to
tho Soclnllst position. ..Conditions,mny
bo .hotter than thoy wore, I presume
thoy are, flut tluit Is not our contention as Socialists. v
Wo contend tlint In proportion to
tho tromondous Incroaso In ivoalth nnd
tho Increase In tho -production of
wealth, tho worhlngmnii Is not Improving his condition ns lm should. Wo
contend that the capitalist cIubh Is n|>-
proprlntlng by fnr tlio lowr -proportion of tho Innroas-ed advantages of
modern civilization. Wo contend tlmt
tho worker ls not. securing n Just shar-e
of n reasonable proportion of tho In-
erensed nrtvnntngna of modern Indun*
Wo may admit that tho .worker Is
bettor off thnn ho wns fifty or one bun-
■urwi >t'<T» rtgii--iiuu !«■"'• *;»••»/ u««..."• i
df flf.MMHn m:iv V 'nMlftod Vor tli•»'
■capltnllst -flnHK, Insofar im they rondor
no userul Htirvicw to society (and In
tbe Mpaclly of *r»pltM*W« mor*ly th<*»y
render none), im* entitled to no returns, nnd yet thoy draw enormous In-
,,nn,,.u- whlit- Hip vmrltltU! fin**, WhOBf!'
toll produrcs all Hi" vcnlili, got relatively Insignificant returns.
That Is our contention.
However, on the <'imp;irntlvo -condition of Iftlwr today »iili that of preceding generations, «<v<i Thornld Hog-
era' "Hlx Onttnii* of Work nnd Wng-
rn*" V I* n rn refill "fidv "f -ho silb-
J«.ct ihiiI a stiiinlnr.l w-(i:l;.
Scott NearlnR's "Writ-.'* in the l-nft-
vli Hlntfs" (The Shii'Mi..*."' t'lHiip-Auj, I
ami Krnnk Hatch Htr.-W'tofrn "The
Standard nt I.lvlne Ai'i-int- 'be Indus-
trial IVoijIi! of Aiiii'i-' '" ilSoii-yhtoa
Mtfllln Comp.'itivi, iin- iimr,- fitflii
uitulU'H of ttn> liinm;.--. i-f working people, and will lii**' i-J'. ■>'.-.''■•> "1 1'sbt
nn tin* -M-ti'-i't    l"n"" P-iii.!'"'
We have pleasure this week
in announcing prizes in connection with our competition.
Only residents of the Camps
named are eligible to participate
for these prizes.
Prizes for the other Camps will
be Announced next week
List of Prizes
$20 Prize
Splendidly Trimmed Hat supplied by Mrs. TODD.
$25 Heater - Range
Supplied by TRITES-WOOD CO.
$10 Prize
$12 Dressing Case
Supplied by McLEAN DRUG STORE , ^
$6.00 Pair of Boots
Supplied by MUIRHEAD & CO.
Two $10 Hampers       \
of Christmas Cheer
Coleman & Carbondale
$18,00   Power Washing
Given by H. G. GOODEVE CO.,
Bellevue, Hillcrest, Frank,
Maple Leaf, Passburg
$20.00 Suit
Given by J. H, NAYLOR, Bellovue.
$20.00 Order on Store
(liven by T. M. BURNETT, Bollovuo.
$16 Tea Set
Given by A. I. BLAIS, Frank and Bollovuo.
$15 Heater
Given by STEPHEN T. HUMBLE, Bellevuo.
$10 Prize
Supplied by FRANK WINE & LIQUOR 00,
Thoso prizes will be displayed' in ibo various
■ustnbliHbodnients, "No. votes—Jusl, a ^il'l.,
For tbe residents of tlio abnvtiiwmtinued eiiinps
Read Conditions Carefully
Sivvo nil lioiulhws.. V,iuAi luMidip' Imik n
" (liferent mn«bor." To tbe person winding'hi tbe
lugbest totalwbern iiumbor« are addi»d iogetber,
wo award (ii'Htpriz^ in eaqb camp; to (lie person
sendint! in second bwbest, second prize and ho on,
To oxplaift; Thoro will bo some vory liiyh numbers, and it >yill Impossible for a person witb two
headings, if tlio numbers nrG high enough, to beat
tho man with two dozen headings. Tho prizes go
to tin* person with tbo highest totnl when tho numbers on .their headings arc added together.
'wttt^t^mmtmmtmmMmmm^ttm-tmmmmmmmmtwtmmmmmmimmmmm i nm i mmmi^-timmmmmmmmmtmmtm^ammmm
Prizes for other Camps
next week
w !■    j. * -~lm*$S^mi&--&^?9?
. -^-t, '_-«* ,u
Published every,, Saturday, morning jit" its office',
Pellatt Avenue; Fernie, B. G. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent' advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job arid
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.*
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM, Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Office Box No. 380
whether this is possible even for a 15c magazine.
For a $1.00 per year newspaper, we know it is impossible. - ,',A     . •■
''Pearson's, like other magazines, has to live—rand
make a profit—if its,shareholders and managers do
not happen to he philanthropists. Just.as soo.n- as
circulation fails titymake this profit, then the magazine must change its policy, or—die! It is inevitable under our present system. •" ;
In our early youth we well remember gazing on
those old-fashioned magazines, printed with titles
, in bold black, the covers equally interesting, "containing possibly some cut of a popular soap or cocoa company. The magazines to which we refer
are such as uTemple Bar," "Chambers," "Argosy," etc.,
The writings contained in most of these magazines were varied. We had the heavy scientific or
Parliamentarian writer, 'the satirist and the
"Ouida" type with languid ladies and autocratic
, One by one these magazines died! In some cases
. the publishers candidly admitted that tliey did not
care to adopt the up-to-date methods of other
magazines and preferred to drop out; others aped
their competitors and lived,on, or were allowed to
•died,and resurrected in a more "modern garb. "
But in spite of denial, the change was always
made to suit the POPULAK TASTE. This is an
important fact that must never be lost sight of—
Possibly the editors and publishers will disagree
and try to persuade you otherwise, but you' know
that there was that irresistable force behind them
—pushing and forcing them forward—the need of
circulation—of popularity! That is the life of a
v publication. By their change these magazines may
have sacrificed popularity; but such was only temporary.      •      ■ • -
In this week's .issue we publish an.article from
"Pearson's Magazine;" entitled tlie "Three Ser-
■ , -vants of Greed."   Tho author, Miss Weed, classes
•  .     the three servants as "A Hypocritical Tress, a Tim-
"T~""i(*-G'mrehra-Hostile"GoliW ^
' The following from The Public: ' .' ■
.-"The first election in Italy under universal manhood suffrage has been held. Most of the new electors are said to be ignorant and superstitious.
And these ignorant and superstitious .'elected al-'
most the same kind of Parliament as was chosen
?.t the last election by the educated and non-superstitious. What is the moral? .Arc the ignorant and
superstitious after all just as competent to voto rs
the educated and "enlightened" classes? Or don't
the educated really know any more about economic
questions than thc ignorant?"
Ignorant and superstitious! We have instances'
here in B. C. where you can hit the worker over tho
head witli a club, run him into a" pen and keep him
there for three months on a ficticious charge; send
him to jail for two years and then—well, we believe he does wake up! The last query in above
cutting, viz., "Or don't the educated really know
any more about economic questions than the ignorant?" may be answered in the affirmative—they
do; and what is more to the point1 they persuade
the "ignorant and superstitious"'to return them
to power. This is where they display knowledge
of what they .want and what will best suit them.
Our mission is to convince the Avorker that only
those of his class can study his interests, and although it take much to "beat it in"—it's getting
there! Once convince the worker that an aggressive minority is necessary to attain a'working majority, then we shall have eliminated much of the
apathy that at present prevails among those whom,
we seek to arouse.
Tovthe Editor/.Disrrict Ledger.
y.Dear^jr.^Tyould y°u kindly insert
,in;ouryaluahle.paper one part of Pres.
Smithy report" «>n compensation for
miners for'time lost through""ftaving to
.go home oh-different occasions bn account'of there'being no chute loader
(paragraph-4)'?f= "That this particular
grieyance;arose out of a previous one
wherein' the- pit committee agreed
..with the'jnanagement that the men'in
inside" places should load their own
coal." -.This part, we emphatically refute; .--'■■•
. On behalf of Coleman Local Union.
I remain, yours in the struggle,
';       . ; Secretary.
Coleman Local-Union,
N   No, 2633,,U. .M. W. of A.,
- ■■'Nov. 14th,- 1913.- •   ■
(To avoid-any misunaerstandingon
the part of those 'who read above but
have iiot read the whole report, it is
only fair.to state that while appearing
in the president's report, it is a point
claimed by Commissioner McNeill and
was iu no wise assented to by the
former, .May state that we certainly
do not think it is the intention of Local to. accuse the President of acquiescence in this particular clause.—Ed.)
•    -".-.v.'-./ - ,-' ■  ;<-,- v-- - i  -.-••■;-■-• •., r ■-> •':-', ■ • .. -v.-- ;•'.- " -,-:•-, A*X:~f*K ■,&r<Ayst,~vi-J<.- i^< <>:i*-'t<<$.-:*: **:■ -<N .*.' AX". ■;■
;   ;.;      /   " '"'" -■ ;■■>■"-■■- -■'■-'"■■' r,v . ■ .''^.."V^'-^V^rrviyvUi*;^ ■: v""---
John.p'e Clar$':..
Chas.-'Spencer-' "
A friend...-.".."
:. .:50
'^ohepted in Old-Michel by R. Oakes
ana; J;--Newman: \ • ;--■*•*>:.' .. .,,
,T,« Crahan, jr.
Alberta Provincial Executive
Socialist Party of Canada
to those workers who have the courage lo demand
more return for their labor.
Classed by the hypercritical as sensational mon-
gering, this magazine method of propaganda does
more to enlighten the bourgeois© as to existing conditions than any other known method.
"Pearson's Magazine"-claims to be different
from other magazines,, and we must admit this is
true, at least, in part, fpr they have discovered a
growing demand for knowledge of conditions as
..they really are.^ The management of this magazine
realize they liave to bring their magazine up-to-date
and they are doing it.   '
That such a venture requires a certain amount of
courage and speculation is Admitted, but nevertheless it will accomplish its purpose. .It is' just as
well, however, to liave a true conception of such
tilings and that we do nol; delude ourselves with
nny mawkish sentimentalities about "sacrificing
advertising matter." This is something no paper
can do and live—-without they are propnrod'lo live
upon u purely circulation basis and we question
v (Communicated)
"We find Mr.-Sidney Buxton in England trying
to administer his annual dose of chloroform to his
constituents (his. annual election address), but his
listeners, evidently mainly' working, men, didn't
want his hardy annual and pressed him for an answer as to the apparent partiality of the government—Larkin being awarded seven months and
Carson, who has been far more1 inflammatory and
incendiary, allowed his freedom, to 'go as he pleases
as long as he cares to. ... ■
—~- SiimiitaireoiTsly^
shoot off his usual, and although,he pretended lie
•was prepared,'for anybody and everybody, yet we
find the chairmen of both Mr. Sidney Buxton's
meeting, and Mr. Bowser's, trying to incite the audience to sing "God save," etc., but in each case,, a
popular song was preferred.
Coincidental, strange, bnt true. "Wc'also find
strikes in England, Canada, United States, South
Africa, in fact where are there not strikes? What
will the result be ? A possibly rude but great awakening. Reader, nsk yourself the question, Why the
turmoil? Why tho strikes? Why the explosions %
Why poverty? Why such conditions? Why?
Why?   AVhy?        _
Ts it.because wo have production,for profit in-
.slcnd of use? .If so, get ready to do your share to
assist in changing present conditions.
A call at the Socialist headquarters in the Miners'
Null mny help you somewhat. Economic classes at
o p.m. Sunday aflornoons; propaganda meetings
Sunday evenings; rending room open every evening.
Agitato!   Organize! Educate!—EN AMT.
The Editor,
, District Ledger,
Fernie, B. C.
Dear Sir,—I desire to call your attention to ah enactment of the Second
Session (1913) of the Alberta Legislature, entitled, "An Act respecting Commissioners to Administer Oaths,"
which repeals the Act of 1906.  -
As this act, affects a considerable
number of persons holding commissions in the coal mining regions under
the jurisdiction of District 18, it may
he well to place ibefore the readers of
the Ledger its chief points. -
Section 2. The Lieutenant Govern-,
or in Council may, by a commission of
commissions under-his. hand and the
seal of the Province, from time to time
empower such and so many persons
as he thinks fit and necessary to administer oaths and- take and receive
affidavits .... within' this Province.
Section 3. Every commission issued
under Sestiou 2 of this Act shall expire
on the second 31st'day'of December
after date of issue of same and said
commission may be cancelled by. order
in council at any. time.
Section 4. All commission's heretofore issued iby, the Lieutenant Governor in, Council for taking affidavits in
the -Province shall expire on the 31st
day of December, 1913.
Hoping you will publish these facts,
I am,
.    Yours .sincerely, ~-  '•
■-.-.'        'BURT E. ANDERSON,. '
', ' •- . 'Sec.
P. O.- Box 1196,' .   ,
Calgary, Alta., Nov. 14, 1913.'
M. MoKascell !,
R. Stewart ....
James ;Tirney .,
JameslCa'ssidy .
Percy Ward,.,'.
Mrs. Gammage .
C G.Taylor ...
A. Stacey ......
John Daw 	
• V., Brindac ....
■Wm, Robinson .
Joe Travis V.,.
B. Caufield :., i
Joe Mason  ...>
T.Cunllffe ....
John Heney .,.
James Stewart *
A friend  ......
R. C. Weldon ..
Joe Hassel ...,
13   ,....- .
-. 2.00
-   i:oo
.,   l.OO
'   .50
•' 2.00
•   i:oo
' 2.00
B*.Jwr*9i~ir't \A-
Collected on pay day-at the mines
by J. -Marsh, J. fiercer, J. Newman, R.
Baker and T. Facter: , >  .
$ 72.65
Total $158.40
•We wish to thank the business men
of Old and New Michel, also the members of our Local union, for their kind
donations towards this worthy cause,
and we may assure them that our
struggling fellow workers and .their
little ones will appreciate their kindness very much. '*>  '
It is one, of the noblest impulses in
man to'try and help eliminate the
sufferings of his fellow beings, and
bring a little additional cheer into
their homes; this, we feel you have
done to the best of your ability. r
Again, friends, we thank you for so
nobly responding to our appeal. .
Signed on behalf of Michel Local,
No. 2334, U. M. W. of'A.-
/   .   - H.'iELM'ER*..  ,
It is an unwritten newspaper law
(though an oft-printed one) that anonymous communications he ignored,
whether personal or impersonal. This
established custom is recognized .by
the .Ledger, and while we appreciate
auy items of interest, we must decline
to.publish any item when the sender
fails to sign his or her name and address. We do not publish names when
sent in connection with news items,,
or when correspondents do not wish
"To tlre'TDcliforTTDistricrLedger.
Dear Sir,—A collection was taken
up by,'Michel^Local union for the-purpose of buying some useful Christmas
presents for the children of the striking miner's on Vancouver Island, hnd
amounted to $158,40.
Collected  in  Xew -Miehel  by "Jnihes
.Mercer and John Marsh:
James Petrie ..'....;  $ 2.00
Mrs, Whiting ■ ',. -i.oo
Max .Baskin  .-    i>.oo
Mrs. .Hayes    ,  Ni .00
Geo. Fisher  .;.....,.'..'  4.00
M. L. Taylor  ."  ]' oo
Wm.  Arslier    ■', • i. 00
T. E, .Murphy  l.OO
■M. Joyce  ■...'..',. 1.00
A. Wood   ,,,-,, .50
Frank Siwik   .,,■,..>,, 1.00
J. Solglc * ,....*. l.OO
■Western Grocery  '... 5.00
Pete Horntti'..'  5.00
Thos, Crahan  ' ', io.OO
J. iMarcluppi
J. Johnston ..,
.Tou Wngiior ..
G, B.'Stedman
■T, Zvlk	
IX Oris  	
Lea Lem
V. Storba 	
Abort l'asalk .
■ Who is there with the red, sporting
'Mood of youth in him, that does-not
feel an involuntary quickening of his
pulses to know that THE game, which
to the outside world is identified' with
Canada alone, is once more visible in
:the near distance, coming along ihand-
ih-hand wjjh King Frost. He who has
never experienced " the 'Wild delight
and .enthusiasm of the puck-chaser, or
■driven at.a G0-mile gait,.comes into
friendly contact with his shins, has
•missed''more than half of the joy of
■living;1 It is even within the hounds of
■possibility that there.may he "'.,; . a
man with soul so dead, who never-
■to' himself hath said, 'Ifll see the
game!" hut he, poor fellow, is ij>ast
hope, and should -'come no further
•West .>than Brandon.' .*.
Last winter tho Fernie "septette de-
imonstrated their quality, and proved
themselves superior to anything
around .here, and had' It not been for
Hie acutely cold spell experienced up
North, \vhtch apparently attacked the
teams up there right in the feet; our
iisxregation might have journeyed' to
However, thero are not very many
chango* in this season's toam, and If
random in Fernlo will only show tlio
right spirit, nnd support tho tenim in
ovory way in their power, thore is ho
roason why that Eastern trip should
not bo mndo, It is up to the sporting
public of Fornle, for a tomm unsupport.
Gtl ,., ',11,J01ie(1 unto> house ibullt-on
Hiin.1.' it cannot Inst, nor havo the Incentive to go in nnd ,wln, We^wlsh
tlio .local iboyu the best of luck, and if
wi) can help thorn through tlio modlinn
of our columns, contributions will he
■*. ..That the, fostive. season'is approaching, is amply, testlfied".by- the -increased, activity inlthestbres of ttihftown,"
The daily arrival of-Christmas -cheer:
toys,.novcUi«s, etc., may De witnessed.
,ln any of. the stores, -while the displH'y-
of seasonable gifts and Yuletide *. decorations give .that appeiranu-s, peculiar to Christmas,-; but familiar in' .every, .English-speaking , country the
world over.   •   -■ - -'.,.■■.
,*, The Fernie storekeepers are certainly determined'to keep right lip-jto-date,
and thus .hol'd in this town every possible patron, ..by stocking their windows with" enticing novelties at price's
that compare more than" favoralbly
with any of the mail order houses.'In
fairness to the local tradesmen, it
must be granted that their prices, having regard to transportation,- etc., bear
favorable comparison with 'those of
the larger cities.
. ... The Trites-Wood Co., Ltd. ., ,v
. The ITrites-;Wood Co. Is this week
making, a special display, of tinware;
toys, gents' furnishings, dry goods and
Christmas specialties, while the curler will find-a selection of "stanes" to
suit the most critical taste. Fresh-
fruit groceries, hams, .bacon, etc., are'
to'ibe found on° the'provision slde,-
while their stock ot enamelware,
crockery, etc., has .been augmented
considerably for the -Christmas trade.
In -the gents' furnishings department,"
special Christmas goods will be on display, while on the dry goods counters
greeting ■ cards and all the-knick-
knacks so dear to the feminine taste,
are displayed.
iThe children's palace on the first
floor is replete with dolls and games
of every description, the martial spinit
predominant in most boys ibeing catered to in the. shape of .muskets 7and
military accoutrements. .-,-,,
. The furniture department has also
received considerable attention and.
those thinking of house furnishing or.
of additional comforts should not fail
to look over the splendid stock' of furniture, ranges, heaters, etc.'
The McLean Drug and Book Co.'1
- ,»Mr. McLean has been busy unpacking a dazzling array of suitable Christ-
,mas gifts in the shape.of■-plated and
gilded . ware, .handsome ■ spun 'brass
vases and pots, fancy-stationery and
toys. Quite a featurerhas been made
of gents' dressing cases and.thoughtful "wifey" will find here just the gift
to please "hubby."        '    - /     -
' A fine line of real bristle hair brushes, with . prices to suit- all, and cut
glassware, form other gifts suitable
for Christmastime.' -   -
J. D. Quail .A     '.,
The usual fine selection1' of steel
ranges, -heaters, washing - machines!
wringers, cutlery,'plate, hardware, ri-'
fles, guns and ammunition- may -be
seen at tliis' store, and ythe thrifty■
should have no difficulty, in. malting
a selection'of suitable gifts .'from this
stock. ,"■... . ,,      • , :
W.  F.  Muirhead;''
•(The latest English last model in ladies'' shoes is certainly the most sensible and hygienic footwear- ever designed:. Built with a low .heel, straight'
lace-and-invisible eyelets, this shoe
possesses a chastity of design and finish quite1 foreign to the usual mbrtels.
Suitable Christinas gifts in the--shane
'of siipp-e,rs"--for~both s'exes ;may, he
found in1, a "variety of material and
quality.- ■■-,   . "    , -
A. C. Liphardt. ■'  -■•
A jeweller's store is 'the Mecca, of
gift purchasers at' this season. Jewelry and .precious stones have for botlr
donor and recipient a; fascination that
Invariably leads ono, when seeking an
idea for a gift, to thev window of.the
local jeweller, Waltham, Howard?
Hamilton, Elgitf, and fine Swiss movements with Kew Observatory ratings,
rings, plate, clocks, cut glass, etc., all
comprise a profusion of acceptable
present's at prices to tempt all purses."
Quite a novelty may be seen hero'tn
a wondorfiil 400.day clock, which is
priced nt $10.00.     >      ■„    ]  .
N.E. Suddaby
Tho usual assortment of stationery,
novelties in art calendars, personal
greeting cards, fancy boxed noto and
envelopes, with a splendid solectlon of
gorgeous and most naturally tinted artificial flowora, give this store a pleas-
ing' and.decoratlvo effect.  . .
•A spocial lino In'D'Ofsny's perfumes
in .prettily docoratod cases haa boen
Stocked hy Mr. Suddaby, and -those
will provo very acceptable gifts.
Tho show cases aro stocked with
dainty, china sets -and souvenirs/
Kodaks, fiction, fountain pons, dollcl-
pus iboxed candlos of a quality to satisfy tho most particular..   ,
■:?:■<;, >?mr&iAK_a^sx»y.. a *
y^AS fine selection of models''in Lfelf' V
velour • and^llkVhafa- may he• seen iii '*
this .up-to-date establishment, "together"-
with a-profflslon\of trimmings and fea-';'
thersJuilaWeitor."Building Qie most",
extravagant:., confection- in -millinery. .-'■■
•. The.,latest"Pajrts^antt5 Eastern mod- -
els are shown, while of eostumesy furs ;
and dry goods there is a selection cal-K
culated^to.temptjthe ,most,:capicious '
feminine,taste.- •■ >' . -JXy.-A*-*- '-   -   i>
'V-'' yA7-7 •*• .CarbseIla;V:>'' \- .*-.' ,-' -   .'■
; The liquor 'department ;of. this store '■'
already shows-signs ofthe approach-  '
ing fesUvef season.v-Orders aro .being
received-, and executed - daily for the''
usual, choice proprietary-lines  han-   .
died by Mr. Carosella, while in1 the-
grocery department dried fruit and
preserves are In increased demand.   -
\ Sergeant ;H.'>T.lAmberman, .who, for
the past three years,has been:connect-'
ed, with the city; has resigned his position as sergeant; and intends to return to Nova Scotia on a visit to his
parent^ ,' . • .'    .      ,
THO was engaged, .through Firo Chief.
smart, of Calgary, aa driver to the fire- '
department of iFernie In May, 1910    '
and worked with Chief McDougall for ^
a year, resigning on account of cut- -
in- wages. ,
_ 'He then joined the provincial -police," ;
Being . stationed   at Michel  for  six • '
months, left them and started in with   -
the  city  again  as  constable" under
Chiefs Bone, Hall and Brown.  He was
promoted to sergeant's rank by. Chief
Hall, which position he has held until his resignation a month ago.
He wishes the citizens'of Fernie to
accept his most hearty thanks for
their kindness to him at all times,
and to say that private reasons alone '
prevent him remaining with the many
people he is honored to call friend.
Tactful "and  resourceful, Sergeant '
Amberman has handled • successfully ,
some very difficult cases, and: it Is '■
with considerable regret that we see \ '
him leave us.. However,' what is our
loss is somebody else's gain, and we '
wish him every success wherever, he    '
may go on leaving Fernie.  '
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
LOST—From Central School, Sti" Ber-
:   nard puppy, black and brown, white" '
on nose.   Anyone finding please notify R. -M. Young; Coal Co.   Reward.
,    ■'     . ,   118
YOUNG WOMAN desires permanent "
--work .by the; day.    Apply Mrs. A.
. Turner,- General- Delivery; Fernie.
:•:'.'    ^ ;..'   ■ . ■'   .    •   -in '
•anians     and"-- ..Yorkshire   -Terrier
,' adults;."-also three fine Pomeranian '
puppies;  males, Brown and Black;  .
. ■ females, Brown; from pure imported
pedigree stock.- Apply Hilton, Box's
279, Fernie, B.X'. --.. . -116'
PRIViATB - BOAiRD-4Anyone 'wishing
'■ .private   Board   apply,   to   airs., -P:
Grant-,sHouse"59,'Hosmer.       .'  116
FOUR-ROOMED HOUSE in rear of,,'
.   68 M-cPherspn-Ave.,vfor rent;-has' -
- .city,: water  and   toilet.    Apply  68
McPherson Ave.     ' .',.i06 -
MINERS LOOK~Every,„mari who has'
a wife should* also have a home on
', a fruit farm in Creston. ' You, can
buy-as.gopd land as there is in B. '
u C. from R.: Lamont,- Creston,' B. C, ,
Only small payments required.   82- :
Book-keeper'requires situation:' con;
• sideraihle experience ,ln law offices/
, Apply Box -380: ij",
expenses'for trustworthy'man or wo-
'■ man to act ns travelling' represen'ta-
tlvo; rapid .'promotion; provious ex-
iperiencQ.unnecessary;'commence in
homo territory. Winston Co., Ltd.,
Toronto,.Ont. . . no
., For first-class .Taxidermy work,
mounting anything from a snake
to an elephant; call dr write
'  C. REECE  ',
P, O. Box:9    , West Fernlo
,    . ■ n i, ■
We make a Special Feature of Furs, and when
we sell you Fur, we guarantee same as represent-
e d
Genuine Mink, Fox,
Wolf, Rat, Marmot,
and Squirrel Furs.
We  have  the greatest
range io select frpm.
Furs from $1.00
to $250 per Sbt
o   9
mhif Milfeeiry Purta
whdbw fotr
Oomrt BFWgeft
Our stock consists of the
choicest and latest models
in the millinery world*
Positively ihe best selection in Fernie
Fur & Velour
Will make to order, ffats
From $3. OO to $1S0
See  our latest Millinery
mlmm9.4H.il,, * .)* .inr *.<*. --v*".*-.
,Jl s.    (I
^«*&->,mA^*>*qm^'^'^^^M****-i»*<. "■yj; -r r^ri.
r^t3£li:.XX,..AX*W...  - 1. . 4it--
■ "\ .1-99 ; v
--'V .;,
■■.'Ji.--- 2\W*V
<"7^X$&£* y*.*~»
>jjmE D^n^^&(^FERNIE, B. o'.t NpyEMB^22; 1913.
,J. 3';
" ,-,JI *
■-t;y>'---v. "'■'■•"      " '.'t;.--'- -•-■.-.". -•     "A   •"      - "   . "=*i.  --'.«? ;   '■■■   -   "' ' '      '   ■ •:-:■"-,       ■       ■'■'-■
,. _==_. ,—=  . jziZIIzy™*-*****"-"*****1^^  ■ *
rj~X;—= ■- -_—-—_  ' ' ^*+*T**Vv**V»*»»yvV¥V¥¥¥¥*M*-*«¥¥¥¥T'i'YYTTrTT
, ■ f
£*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'.«►♦  mittee'.are making plans for a Big
skating season this winter.   It is proB
^    •
We specialize in GROCERIES,  and
**      - *
*•    \ :       EEATUEE  \   ' \
' i  t~~    • - '      '
All our new goods have arrived, have
been unpacked and placed on vour
shelves.^ -We,are. ready to replenish
the housewife's larder with  everything of the best quality
A California  Orchard in  Your Kitchen
Having plenty of California Fruits
handy in your kitchen is like haying
a California Orchard at your finger
Libbys Rose-Date Fruits, Royal Anne
Cherries,,Apricots, Peaches, Pears
We handle the.following brands of Flour
Royal Household, Robin Hood & Five Roses
Two Branches
 ________—■•  ; _j_, ...
See,   Our    Heading    Competition
A Challenge to Checker Players
mere is-a checker player in Bellevue who would -Be pleased to meet any
other player in District IS for the title
of champion. All correspondence will
he carefully attended to. Write Editor
first instance. We should5 like to see
a little more correspondence on this1
particular pastime, as it is possiBle we
snail Be arranging a column for checker players containing • prohlems and
games. Get busy and express your
opinions—this is the season.
' Mr. Peter McGovern desires to
thank his many friends for their kind
expressions of sympathy in his re-
cent Bereavement.
The camp has Been ' visited twice
this week by death, the first (Being
Mrs. Graham, who has lately arrived
in camp from the Old Country.  Just
after landing she was taken sick and
had to 'he taken too the hospital for an
operation, which-was performed Wednesday last.   She never rallied, how-
ever, and on Thursday died.  iThe funeral took place at Blairmore on Friday.   (All people of the camp wish to
extend their sympathy to the Bereaved
husBand and friends.
■   The,sad news was flashed, around
camp on Friday that Miss Janet 'McGovern, second daughter of Mi. Peter
iMcGovern; had passed away.   De'ce'as-
edhad Been sick for some four or five
weeks and died from rheumatism of
the heart.   She was in her 15th year.
■Funeral took, place at Blairmore on
Sunday, the weather Being anything
But fine, But quite a large crowd 'of
friends turned out tp pay. a last tribute of respect.  "Much .sympathy  is
felt for the McGovern family in their
sad Bereavement.'
'Mr. Dave Hutton, who has Been laid
up with a Bad cold, is again aBle to
Be at work.
■Mr. Fred Beale, an old timer in this
camp, 'Blew . in, again on Thursday.
Fred don't know'whether he will Be
staying yet or not. If he does there
will Be some .wrestling on the go shor-
Don't forget the Benefit concert in
the Lyric Theatre on Nov, 25th. Tickets are only 50'cents.   Don't miss this,"
it will he good; come, and Bring your
friends as it's, for a good cause.
. '' Saturday was pay day at the Bellevue, mines and the camp had quite a
Busy appearance.,, The Boys ail kept
up" their reputation for Being good.
. Mr. tHarry White, who.has Been in
camp for some . time, left slthis week
for 'Passburg, where he has secured a
position .'as fire .Boss.   He* moved his
family down there this week.,
Don't forget to save the headings of
aBle that the reputation, which our
football team let slip .this year will Be
t recovered -By the'crack hockey team
,of the Pass-wearing the green and
- 'Mr. and Mrs. Windsor, of the Union
Bank, returned on Friday after an ex-
tended^ vacation trip covering some
months.^'    '■ '
Dan Perry, of Hillcrest station, returned on Friday from a visit to Ontario.
'Mr. and Mrs. James Turner were
Fernie visitors on Monday.
,- George Hutton ahd his sister, iMrs
George Coupland, were Lethhrldge visl
itors on Saturday.
- The .Bellevue Brass Band are giv-
ing a grand hall in the Workers' Hall
on Friday night of this week.
1 A very pleasant social was held 'By
the memBers of tBe Epworth League
on Monday evening under the auspices of the social committee. -The
event consisted of a splendid program
of recitations' singing, etc., hy the
memhers. -Miss Annie Kynaston, as
convener of the social committee, deserves every credit for the success of
the occasion. /
, 'Mr. George Brown moved his family
up from -Macleod this week. They will
occupy the house vacated hy David
•The .Slavonians of Maple Leaf had a
christening celebration dn Sunday and
."•Call  and  see  Naylor's  new  overcoats; they are just right;
The .Bellevue Band will give a concert in the Lyric Theatre oh Sunday
night.   /The following is the program:
March,-  "Bold   .Britons";    selection,
Songs of Sentiment"; military patrol
'Advance and retreat";   cornet solo,
You'll   RememBer   Me";    selection/
War Days"; fantasia. "Manriso."
Have you visited Burnett's store? If'
not, why not?
Have you saved your headings? If
not, why not?'
Do you want a really serviceaBle
overcoat? Try Naylor,, he bas got
what you want.
Heaters, l - ranges -, and hardware ?
Sure, try HumBle, complete house furnisher.  .
Fresh groceries and the daintiest selection of crockery can .he seen and
Bought at A. I. Blais, the Bellevue and
Frank  provision   merchant.
~ - ♦
•   Bellevue  Local  Union  Notes   ♦
J   :■ '•'
, Oiiiia.
& Glassware
Watch this Space,
our window
Special Announcement .next week
(See our Heading; Competition on page 3)
Stores at
_f "h a ina nflv_o « r_ ry-n *•_«»■»__. «<*_.*■ V* __ _«...i	
-W....-W—^wjj*.*-w.i*U—bci-ujj-c?- Ul-lUC    111 l£t!b,
They may Be ■ seen at the different
stores in camp: .
'Mr. Andrew Goodwin and wife were
in Fernie the week end on business,
returning on Monday night.
■Mrs. John. Hutton, who left here
some three months ago on a visit to
her home in Scotland, returned to
camp again on Saturday night. She
says there is no place like home "and
is looking well after her trip.
Mrs. A, Burcey was a Blairmore.vis-
itor.ou Saturday.
Mr. Fred J-Ioaly, of North Fork, wits
in camp this week, the guest of -Mr.
tloseph McGaugh,
■Two of tho boys, Noble 'McDonald
and Fred Beal, went to Frank on
Thursday last to sit in examination for
firo Boss papers. Hope you are successful, 'Boys.
■Mr. John Thompson, who has.Been
a resident of this camp for somo time,
left hero this week for Edmonton,
wlioro ho haa socured a position as
'Mrs. Geo. Brown, bf Maclood, was ln
camp on Thursday visiting hor Bus-
bund, who lind his foot Bjoke a fow
days ago.
Amateur night nt the/Lyric' wns
quite n bucccss and the Building avos
tnxnd, to its cnpaclty. A Big crowd
look part* and thero wna Bomo real
Rood fun for young rind old. Prizes
woro awarded to tho following; Miss
Florrlo Hallswonth and Robort Davidson, had lo split tho first prlzo Botwoon thorn; Master John Dtcken got
second, nnd Miss Wlnnlfrod Dickon
got third. Tlio boxing contest wns
botwoon Mnstors Frank Burrows nnd
Joo Newton, Joo Nowtdn secured
first prize upon points. Tho flour
eating contoBt furnlBhod a lot of fun,
flrrit prlzo Bolng nwnrdod Master Goo.
(Mr. JftinnB Flshnr him nccopted a
position nt No, 1 mino,
Mr. Eiigono Poaraon, of .nurmls,
Bpont Sunday with his parents In
Hob Levitt nnd Jack Hutton spoilt a
woek  nt.  North  Fork  Bhoollnif.
Mr. Kinsman, of Maplo Lonf, has bo-
cured n poBltlon as flro 'boss In Conl
Crook and hns movod IiIb family to
Nov, ThoB. Herd Ib a now arrival
from Enfflnnd, Mr. Hood will tako
chargo of tho MothodlBt work at North
Tcindorti aro nulled for thn oroctlon
of tlio now illollovno rink.  ITho com-
Our meeting convened as usual
with a very meagre attendance, probably owing to the weather; perhaps
some had forgotten' that we were
meeting eye_ryiweek._but-whntp.vpr-th-a.
cause, "if those that were absent could
realize the depressing effect a poor
attendance has on those present I am
sure they would make a more strenuous effort to; Be'present, Baving regard to the' fact that it is to their
benefit to do so. ■ We had three communications of particular note, one
bolng from headquarters, informing
us of the unanimous desire of our
membership to continue the present
assessment until such" times as our
.present labor wars are over. A reply from Pres. Smith stating that he
had written John ,P. vVhlte concerning the last two findings of this District, and that he would' convene the
executive board as soon as he had a
reply, was received. , The third communication was a resolution from the
Trades and Labor Congross calling on
nil organized la'bor to register a pro-
test against tlio Injustice that'is Being
meted ou tp the striking miners of
.Vancouver Island. The resolution received Uie endorsatlon of this Local.
The remaining portion of the meeting was spent in listening to different
committee reports and the paying of
At our regular meeting noxt Sunday,
Nov. 23rd, wo shall havo with us "Boh"
Walker, of CumBerlnnd. All memBers
kindly noto,
♦ ♦♦•-to*.*.**.*..*.*-*.
♦ ♦
Our   Heading
Contest on page f
Daily uhmna of motion t>i<'-
inruti in « iinjj Unit )n   :   :   :
Now — Oloan — Oorafortablo
If monoy could buy belter
pMurea you woul.I mi, litem
Jioro.    :    t    <    •    .    .    ,
The Lyric Theatre Co.
C.-W JOH»STf)sipt       Manager
Tho report thai waB circulated In
tho 'pnpors Hint Mr: Brock, nftor his
Inspection of old Turtle, pronounced
It safe, has boen contradicted By him,
■Ho Btotes thut It Is as unsafe ns ovor,
Tliolloliomlnn pooplo of Frank gave
a dance ln BIoIb' Hall on Monday
night, Tho Ilnll was well filled with
couples who onjoyod themselves till
SI o'clock In tho morning. Tho music
was Huppllod By an'orchestra led nnd
trained By V. Kotnn. "DoBay plvo"
w«b also ln circulation,
Mr. iW, J, McOownn, who has Boon
on n trip to Nova Scotia and othor
places In tlio East, returned to town
on Sundny,
Somo of tho old Binoltor machinery
Ib Being removed and ia beltiR shipped
to Grand Forka U. C.
Tlio pollco linrrnckB woro moved
nwny from Frnnlt last wonk. Wo woro
too poaccnblo to support ix policeman,
Tlio talk that Ib cauBliwoxcltonumt
In town tlioHo dnya Ir tho iiowb of a
HkiitliiR rink. Ln«t Sunday night a
numBor of hookoy oiitliunlnnts Rather-
nd nt tbo Sanatorium nnd decided that
the proBpeets for a rink this yonr wore
ns good an over, nnd as a result elected n fow offiwH.to act nn a nuc1cu»
Tor a larjfor or«nnlzntlon. Mr. A, 1.
IH»U, president, and Mr, J. Murray,
Bocrotnry. A commlttoo wan alHo ap.
■jLjuiuu m iiuin. ia imi uki mnt and hoo
if n Tir-v ..it,» .,( *n,p FinntrirliiJJi »-(..u3J
suit Bettor, On TiHwday nlfjht the ox-
ucutlvo mot, oh well m a largo num*
»wr of other* Interested In tlio project, nnd nn nmount of business was
traiiHactnd.    iMr,   ninln  wn«  In   thn
MiMr    \flrtr thn rtilnillr.n it'r^r, *■**-; * "
roport of the commltteo was miolvad
nnd In It they recommended that the
old rink alto Bo tmed, tm It wiih larger
and It would cost less to repair It thnn
to *Biilld a new one. Tho roport wn«
adopted. A committee of throe was
appointed to provide tho neceuary
m.ifr*rHl nnd put 'h* rink In elwpe for
Ice. 1'hoii) appointed wero Moiar*.
W. J. MeOownn. It. T-3. Hnrikln and a
111111k. It una movMl, aeeonded and
carried, thnt Dr. McKay, hia family
find hospital nur*es havo free admit-
tnnco on tho lc* during skstlntr hf>»r»
and ix pma to ull horkey Kamen; thit
all (uembcra of the nsaoclmtlon. Il»-lr
wive* and families, tho manager of
Um Cu-Uuilnui., tkU \iu\\, nad Hiifxi,*,
be Rvanted freo akatlng en pleating
ntKhts.   Tbo tlianlfK of the iwaoclntlon
ttere expressed for the generous offer
of the Canadian "Coal Consolidated Co
to the association. IThe rink is now iu
'Preparation and the committee is receiving very liberal support from every one. Over $100.00 is in' the hands
oi the treasurer already.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦<#><#;<#.
♦ By Observer .    *+.
InaX*       r!day eveuing- the "thunder the auspices of Mr. Nat Evans
W. Pictor and J. Smith, and was a
very successful event.   The dance, al-
™sh1,n°t  very   widely  advertised,
was woll attended.  The hall has booi
engaged by the above mentioned'gen*
so6 w!n.i °n lhe C°(nhlg winter month=.
so we shall have the opportunity of enjoying some up-to-date dances duriutr
the season    AU dances in tbe future
will be well advertised, well conducted
and,   we  hope,  well  attended.    The
cheSstraWaS SU?plied ,by the IIadlem or-
•The Observer, while hustling around
during the time statements were toelne
Issued, was greatly surprised at the
kick some of the miners were making
over the amount kept back at the ot
fice to pay the checkers.   The Observer is not in a .position to say whether
there has Been some mistake made or
not but there is one thing certain, vi?.,
if the miners here in Passburg are desirous   of   maintaining   checkers   to
ook  after .their interests  they  will
nave to assess themselves more than
they have, hitherto done, as all members who attend the meetings know
the Local has had   to   support   the
checkers' fund, to the extent of ahout
twelve or sixteen' dollars every time
the   latter, went   around   measuring
•Now, if the miners here must have
checkers, then surely they should bo
prepared to pay them instead of rob"-
omg the Local of its funds.
The Passhurg Philharmonic Society
held their concert here in the PresBy-
tenan Church on Wednesday evening
the 12th, and it was declared By all
who attended to -Be strictly up-to-date
The chair was occupied By the Rev!
Mr. Stevenson.
We are sorry to announce' that our
old friends Jack Twig and Billy Blisset
nave left us, and are now at Michel.
AJthough Jack, and Billy were well
liked here among the Boys, the wait-
ress at times declared them to Be very
annoying, especially Jack.
Our old friend, Comrade O'Brien,
ex-M. P., was here at Passhurg on Saturday last, and on Sunday at the Slav
ok Hall delivered a speech that was
very interesting to his audience: The
suibject of his speech was the position
-OL.t«n_SnoiQi;at_n„,.i.^_....i, .__ -
-"——. *r.^.L.av-j.-ai ijr—wim-regard^D
religion, a subject.that very often Becomes the source of heated discussions. .Comrade O'Brien -pointed out
to his audience that "all workers
should know themselves. They should
do a little thinking, ■ as all men are
tree to be,,what they chose—Atheist,
'Protestant, Catholic or otherwise. We
find that among the capitalistic class,
as with the Socialist, we have men
differ in opinion with regards to religion, yet it Becomes very laughaBlo
when one sees memBers of tho old political parties point out the strong objection that they have to tbo Socialist
I arty Because some ot, its memBers
may be Atheists or otherwise and opposed to religion. As Comrado O'Brien
points out, thoy forget that capital
was tho founder of Atheism. Of course
we do not expect the old party politician to point theso things out to us,
but it is strictly up to us, as a working class struggling for our ©mancipation, to educato ourselves to tlie end
that whon the old -pnrty politicians
como around at somo future dato putting up such lamo arguments to secure our votos, we can toll thorn that
wo havo had enough of bucIi Bum dopo.
Air, ami .Mrs, Taylor wore visitors
bore to Pawsliurg last Wednesday and
Boforo hmvjiir! tor home that night,
had .the picture of taking In tbo
cuncert, which they declared was a
The alteration of tho outBldo tracks
at thn mlnoH horo having Been completed, tbo haulage crew will now
work a llttlo steadlor,
The tipple boss at Maple Luiif mot
with a sovero accident last weok ond.
Wo trust thnt with good treatment
ho will aoon bo iu good shape again,
The mines at Maple Leaf aro work-
Ing very stoady theso dayB. Watch
put for the reign of prosperity that Ib
honoring near,
Thero being no work ou Tuesday
last, nnd a nice full or snow on tho
Ki-oimd, many a nlmrod slung bin gun
and hiked for a door. Tho Observer
behold uulto a fow returning homo and
—O dear!   They're aafe!
There wns nn exchange of sontl-
montH hot ween tho miners of Police
flntB on wlint Bhould havo been pay
Haturdny. It Booms that there was
something wrong with tho transmission of tho money, or It should have
boon here, according to reports from
tho conl offlcw. liowovor, It did not
Innd for tlio men to got pnid on tho
'Monday, mi tlm men .divided to hold
meeting, which thoy did on Monday
evening. After discussing tlio matter
It .was d.joiiliHl—iio pay, no work, On
I iiiisilny tlmy stayed at home, hut Hint
night Iho roll nrrlved and tho hoys
woro paid. The necessity for hiioIi
action should lu* upiure-mt to nil after
tho l-'rnnk Incident, l-'urthor, thn op-
erntnrH hold I wo weeks' pny In hand
nnd the men are rertalnly vnlltled to
r*9r,t-t .,.,.* ,      i ,
when their waiscH »re not fnrthermit-ni'
Aliur tlm decision given at Tabor last
week,.. It Is 'lUfsniimable whether lliu
men are not imtlMM in mmpenimtinn
for waiting. In any nine, thin kind of
business Ih getting loo prevalent nnd
the eonipKnlen Hhould ink<" i-verv ■ore
"-Mumm to get the pny nul l>y mw\-
fled dates,
■The in hum at Munnin nr« regaining
tliolr output stondily. There nro now
hetween fifty nnd hixly men working
thero and It Is xald tliat everythltiK
will ibo running nt It« tullotit rapacity
In the near future.
According to Informal 1<>» i'<<-.«lw<dj
By thfl Observer, the Oawniiort Conl I
■famtpHiiy ut Hiirmiit iln-—< nm i-tiii-riinn |
a very high opinion ot winn- of tlieir
I'-ngllsh speaking inluem. i-o they fire
them.   R seems ib.it a pair of theae
minnm wern told, upon i;ii'i " «n *"h*fr.
that thoro wns tx Utile n.i-  In their
idace aiid upon kohij; tn tie .r t>Uit>,
tht*}'  *\Clf*-i   lli'ilf.f   H-    '    •<,■;• *M,)
We are showing an extra large
range of special tailored overcoats. Workmanship and material guaranteed to be the best that
the market can produce. With
both shawl and military .collars
prices from
Watch   This  Space  Next Week
Stephen T. Humble
$15.00 Heater
We are giving a handsome heater to you free
Modern Furniture
■   ■*4«ip>   mm ««• mm 1*H0-F MAW   m&P -Afe 4tt4WkdLtt   *^0 Jfc     V^
Look in at
Bellevue Hardware Store
(For further camp nevm •*.
Our   Heading
Contest on page 5
■iadttila ;■'■&•-¥'•
iff I
«™ t.
,(■$*■ s
*.rs.,   .-.,; '.. rJ> . - •
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.,  ihi.'
•>5."-A ■ i
N&ws of ihe District Camps
(Continued from Page 5) -,
much or them to work in, so they went
home. Because these men were alive
to the danger that existed In their
place, and did what was right, according to the Coal Mines Regulation Act,
they are no longer' required by the
company, who tried to disguise their
action as well as possible by sending
the men to work in an abnormal place
and making things as uncomfortable
as possible for them. Then they fired
them. However, our Local secretary,
T. Harries, has taken the case up with
■ the company and if not. adjusted will
be referred to the District:
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
*#-       BEAVER MINES NOTES       ♦
♦ ♦
The mine here worked but' three
davs last week and so far none
this week, so that things are looking
vory bad here - at present. Several
miners have already left the camp,
most of them finding work at Bellevue, and although any mail may bring
*in sufficient orders to Btart the mine
working full time again.
■Martin and Joe Polacik and Mike
Pecula left Beaver on Tuesday for
their homes-in Hungary. As they are
all married, with their dependents in
the land of tho "Hun," it is their intentions to return next spring with
their wives and families. Watch Beaver grow next year. Being old hands
and well respected miners, we wish
them a safe and pleasant journey. Of
course they had the' usual jollification
on the eve of their departure, to which
several English speaking friends were
The Sabbatarian conscience received a severe shock when one of our
Church elders was seen peddling potatoes, cabbages, and other farm products amongst his customers' in the
camp with his rig and team last Sunday. This individual Is a strict observer of the Lord's Day, lives on a homestead a'bout two miles from the camp,
and apparently, like the absent-minded beggar, he lost count. He received
a rude awakening, however, when a
lady customer asked him hati he been
to communion today, and on being assured that it was the day of rest he
' fled hom to hide his disgrace.
' To round up his wedding celebrations. -Mr. iTorpy gave a free dance in
the Pioneer, Hall to his friends and
. neighbors last Saturday evening. A
strong contingent of friendly trippers
from 'Pincher Creek and Burmis accepted the invite and about 45 couples
flittered' around the spacious hall.Kto
the lively strains of .the piano, manip-
■ ulated by Mrs. McVicar, until 2.30 next
'   morning.- 'Mrs. .larrad put up a very
nice,lunch and the entertainment was
voted to be one of the best ever held
-   in Beaver"  The week previous, when
"    he and his bride returned from their
honeymoon,   Mr.   Torpy   treated   the
ample supply of 'the cup that cheers.
On that occasion some of Uie hoys
sang like nightingales, whilst others
shouted   themselves  hoarse   wishing
him ancl his spouse joy and happiness.
•Hard hit. as the workmen in this
camp have been recently, yet that they
arc willing to share what little they
have with a stranger in distress was
proved last week.,. About two months
ago a young man named Wm. Thompson, who camo with the harvest trip
from the cast, was found on arriving
at this camp to be suffering from typhoid fever.    He did not start -work
and was not on.-the doctor's list, besides being friendless .aud destitute.
He  was sent .from here to  Pincher
Creek hospital, „*but when, apparently
recovered   from' the-  fever,   he  "was
turned out of that institution,    The
Mounted 'Police, to rid Pincher Creek
of him, paid hte stage fare back.to
Beaver,   where  a  miner  named M.
Brown, who knew him, was employed.
Unfortunately Mr. Brown, or "Burter,"
as he is popularly called, had only
started and was scarcely earning sufficient to keep himself.' However, the
Local took the matter up and a committee, consisting of Wm. Davies, Alex
Thompson, Bob Stenhouse and Dave
Thompson, was appointed.   This committee  succeeded in  getting the invalid $16.00, besides a suit of underclothing which -Tom 'Moore, merchant,
freely gave on learning he was badly
in need of them.   Although*Thompson
has   regained   sufficient  strength   to
walk without the aid of crutches, yet
it will be a few weeks .before he will
be ahle to find a purchaser for his
labor power.   He is still in the Hotel-
de-Bunk and well catered for hy its
genial proprietor, Charlie Heath.
♦ ♦
+■ ♦
air. Deo Thomas, driver boss in No.
2 mine, suffered a painful accident
last week through being caught iby a
trip of empty cars. He was ibadly
bruised about the head. He was attended by Dr. Ross and is doing as
well as can be expected.
At a recent meeting of the Local
union the matter of publishing local
doings was ibrought up,for discussion.
After giving the matter considerable
attention the meeting decided not to
publish anything' concerning union
We wish to announce that Hillcrest
is gradually ceasing' to be the ideal
bachelor quarters. On Saturday, the
8th inst, the home of Mr. and Mrs.
Edward Stretton was the scene of a
pretty wedding, when their neice, Miss
Ada Crosby, of Staffordshire, England,'
■became the bride of Mr. Chas. Evans,
of this town. Only immediate friends
were present during the ceremony, after which the ladies' tin can band,- of
which iMrsn Reid is the master, visited
the happy couple. iMr. Evans promptly responded. We all join in wishing
them a long and happy life.
" Saturday last was tag day in Hill-
"crest. A large number of tags have
been sold. The proceeds were in aid
of the skating rink. With a few days'
labor and the kind assistance of Jack
Frost our rink will be completed.
Dr. Allan Ross has let the contract
to 'Mr. Jack Wheeler for the erection
of the new hospital, His new residence, which has been under contrac-
tinn but a few weeks, Js nearly com-
A sad accident happened to-a machine runner named Lloyd on Tuesday
afternoon, ■' A .piece of stone fell and
broke his .hack, He lived until -Wednesday afternoon. The deceased man
was' one of the early Mormon settlers
in Taber, having been here about nine
yea'rs.    - ,      .      "'
On Thursday there will 'be a vote
taken at the pit mouth to decide whether the sick fund shall he amalga^
mated ■with the Local. The reason for
this is that'a great many- men. don't
join' the fund, as it is run at present,
and" consequently the funds are generally pretty low.'- By taking dues from
each meitiber of the Local, it will ibe
possible to have a fund to .meet any
Agreements have been signed up at
the small mines in this district with
the exception of Rock Springs. The
men-have got the .best .possible conditions .under the circumstances without' a suspension of work. At Superior and White Ash collieries they
have accepted ' the sceen coal basis.
At present- the coal,, is being loaded
with a two inch fork, the screen 'being three-quarter inch, nine foot long.
At" White Ash the men got/ui increase
on Uie brushing .price, which is, however, still below.the rate paid at the
Canada West mine. The agreements
are not, what we would like, but as
the men employed at these mines accepted them, we have to be content.
A large audience turned out on'Sunday night to hear "Bob" Walker on
the Vancouver situation. Tlie Miners'
aiall was packed, and it was noticeable
that quite a few ladies we,re among
the crowd. Vice President Graham
acted as chairman and filled the ijosI-
tion to the.satisfaction of everyone.
On Tuesday night Js H. Fisher,' lectured in the open air;-:su!bject, "Revolution." As the night was pretty chilly not a very large audience gathered.
Charlie O'Brien will -be in' town on
Sunday to deliver an address. A good
crowd is expected present to hear him,,
especially,as the municipal elections
are coming on, and there is talk of
putting labor candidates in the field.
'The annual, ratepayers' meeting, as
prescribed by the new • Towns. Act,
takes place on Monday,. Nov.. 24th, at
8 p.m. 'This will he the'opportunity
to get information regarding the financial affairs of the town. • It is to
■be hoped that the working men will
turn out to hear thp,report of the men
they elected to run their affairs.
The -bylaw for the debentures for
the extension of the water system was
carried on 'Monday, only three votes
being cast against it.
Walter Hackett has quit -his job as
fireman and started in the mine.
'Billy iMills has been laid off. for a
few days with a sore hand.,
Tlie -Timelier boys and Ted Machin
have gone.to Superior to work. **,
Carl Johnson, who had his leg .badly burned in the mine a few weeks
ago, is able to be around again. '.
. /Maurice Campbell, of Fernie, is visiting in Hillcrest for the last couple
of days.
'Bill Smith and John Hunter, of Coleman, moved to Hillcrest last week.
Fred Raynor returned from the Bra-
zeau a few weeks ago. He Is making
Hillcrest his place of abode.
4>.^.^.^.^^<^^ ♦ ♦ *-+. •+> ♦
♦ '   ♦
$ 18.00
Power Washing
Watch this Space
*+. .0. 99* ^ <&• ^ ♦ ♦ «► •*- ♦ ♦ ♦
' A conference of .the various Co-op-
at Frank on Nov.-12th. Delegates from
Lethbridge, Hillcrest, Frank,, Coleman
and Fernie were nresent. A resolution
was passed condemning the-attitude
of Mr. Trowen, secretary of the Dominion Retnil 'Merchants' Association,
in .decrying the Co-operative movement and thus attempting-to bring
such societies Into- disrepute with the
public generally, especially with the
working .class; also In , his advising
the Retail -Merchants' Association to
combine to defeat the Co-operative
movement and to retard thegfowth of
what is necessarily n working class
Several other resolutions were passed by tbe delegates present, 'before the
conference adjourned, advising all
working mon to join In making,the
Co-operative . movement a success,
C. 'M. O'Brien gave a very Interesting lecture in the "Coleman Opera
Houso on Sunday night, Nov. 16, before a very good audience. After
speaking for nbout two hours, Charlie
wns awarded a hearty voto of thanks.
■Charlie starts out on a lecturing tour
shortly, going ns far E-ast as Glace
Bay,' afterwards visiting tho home of
his parents, whom ho hns not,seen for
wbout 12 years.   Good luck, Charlie.
A -collection was taken up on pay
day last on behalf of■ Albert Vnsnleln,
who got injured nbout six months ago
In the pillars in York Creek. The
amount collected was $119.
An unusually high wind blow down
tho Pass on Frldny night and Saturday
doing consldernfolo damage to proporty in and around Coleman. About 100
ynrds of tho McGillivray Coal Com-'
piiny's 'snow bIioiI covering tho track
wns blown down.
Richard Gnskol, whilo nt work In
Pillar 138, York Crook, mot with an
ncelrtont which cinisod him to hnvo
night stitches In his head, Dick narrowly escaped with his life.
Tho Colomnn Mercantile Company
floRPd down for Rood todny. tho 18th.
Coming ovonts cast thoir shadows boforo.
pices' bf';tije" Ladies' Aid. Rev. Mr.
Pearson occupied; the chair. The fol-.
loyving/'artistes '>'contributed to the
program • by vocal ^and instrumental
pieces: ^Accompanist, Mr.VCharles Percy; recitatip'ns hyS Misses Joyce and
Wilson'; songs 'by Messrs. McMillan,-
.K. Sampson, W. Rd. -vuckey, J. Hewitt; sorigs by Mesdame's Larmont, Percy and Appletoy; violin solos by Mr.
Josiah Hewitt;. duet, '.'Domestic Econ-„
omy," J. Hewitt'and-Mrs. Percy; dramatic recitals toy Mr.. Jessep Baugn
assisted-by G. Findlayson; quartette
pieces-rendered by Messrs. Renshaw,'
Mongol, Roberts ,and - Pennan {Welsh
Quartette Party). * The concert was
voted one of the best ever held since
the Church began. The committee de-
'sire to thank J. Hewitt for the splendid program-' arranged "and- all the artists who freely" gave their'services,
and all wfto'lu any way helped to make
the cbngert a success.' ■
, Mrs.' George Vickers was the holder
-of the winning number for the Singer
sewing machine drawn for up here ot
Tuesday evening. ■ Congratulations.
' Good-byes and hand-shakes are the
order of the day, as there is to.be
quite an exodus of people from I
camp this .week end bound for England. The names of the intending travellers are as follows: Mr. and Mrs. G.
Vickers and family, bound for Whitehaven, Cumberland; John Burrows,
for Lancashire; Billy Partridge and
Tommy Hall,-for Durham; Jim McCartney, Pud Walker and Joe Graham
(and wife may be) for Whitehaven,
Cumberland. We' wish them all a
pleasant journey and hope they enjoy
the Christmas turkey.
Jim Langdon left camp on -Monday-
en route for .Cornwall, England, after
an absence of 27 years. ■ Surely there
w.lll he.some changes taken place in
tliat. time.
Some evil disposed person or persons spiked down-the B mine outside
incline rope, causing a wreck, laying
a shift off, and narrowly escaped
causing serious injuries to" the outside
haulage' hands. $100 offered for evidence leading to conviction. We hope
the offender may be brought to book.
- The shiveree band was out on
Thursday morning serenading Mr. and
Mrs. Robert Falrclough, who arrived
in camp on Wednesday evening. We
offer congratulations and extend- a
hearty welcome to Mrs. Falrclough.
Truly-far different from London, England.   What say you?
A gang of men are employed grading the south end of Victoria/Park
with the intention of making a skating
rink.' Owing to unforeseen circumstances, the proposed skating rink in
front"of the.Club had to be abandoned.
Miss Linda Hugall was removed to
Fernie hospital on Saturday last suffering with appendicitis."
The inclemency of the weather prevented a lot of Creekites taking advantage of the special train run for
the show on "Wednesday,, night.
There have been several slight accidents up here this week, butnothlng
of a serious nature.
Tom Yates, pf Michel, was visiting
friends and acquaintances iip here on
Monday., Glad to see. you; Tom.
Mr.,Hosiah, Hewitt is" now doing'.his
stunt in the timekeepers' office on the
night turn:'   Congratulations, old man.
Mrs. (Maussett, of Coyote Street, was
removed to hospital on' Friday lasWor
We hope to see"
- Everything in. connection'. with -the
basket social in aid of the Island children is .practically,.arranged. -The-la-1
dies will.be there ia force with ba£
kets and;.it.remains for.;the men to
make it,a ,success by attending and
buying the same. . Don't forget the*
date—Tuesday, Nov. 25th. ■-'• ,, .
Alf. Rice left Monday night for a
trip to the Old Country.
• D. Rees, International Bo^ird Member, -was present at /Tuesday's meeting of the. Local, which was sparsely
attended, and .reviewed the situation
in the strike fields. . Call again, Dave,
you can count on a bigger crowd next
time. V '-,. '."•
A dance took place in the ,Queen's
•Monday. ;,    ,,''•.
The Kosleski compensation claim is
to ibe finally disposed of, the company
admitting the claim hut disputing its
amount.' ' ^
. Bill Adams, Ted and Bill Partridge,'
were Hosmer visitors Wednesday
night. '.
An enjoyable dance,- promoted by
the lessee of the Opera House took
>place Thursday; Fernie City Band Orchestra were In "attendance.
| The Knights, of Pythias intend giving the annual - masquerade •, New
Year's Eve. , Posters will give full
♦ ♦
♦ " ♦
♦ '♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
. Appreciating tho fact that, the
Church of England is again re-opened
in Michel, the Rev. E. C, Curry, expresses his appreciation to the Anglican members who ' havo attended at
the Methodist Church during his pastorate, and desires that the friendliest
relntlons will continue to exist between both denominations.
medical treatment;
her around soon. •
Mn iFlett, formerly teacher, at-the
schools' up   here',   ig   back   again in
camp "visiting old acquaintances.
' Mr, and -Jlrs. Coupe havo removed
their residence to Fernie.'
We'-understand that-the Femie-Cqal
Creek Band intend giving a concert }n
the Club Hall in tho very near future.
Watch for further announcement.
' Tho Methodist Sunday School has
arranged to hold their annual entertainment and Christmas tree on Monday evening, December 22nd. Preparations have been going on for some
time to make this a very interesting
At the meeting of the officials' of the
•Coal Creek Methodist Church held a
few evenings ago, finances were found
to be In a flourishing condition. All
obligations, had been met for the half
year ending with October 31st.
We will Sumwh your Jjohkis from collar to gnrrd.
nn<l nt bottom prirwr. Call, write, phono or wire.
AVo linvc thc eompldpst stork in tho ('row'H Neat
•   i.     i    .   ii     ,i :r .    i
tl   '>*li*il   rtl«   nii*ikniuiJi|   Mi  Mtn,1.*.* •> i   »•«   •■ ■ -
tell ua.
Coleman Hardware Store
♦ ♦
Wn nro Horry to nnnounco thnt Mrs,
Mntthow Bull Is sick In hod, hut hopo
to henr of hor rocovory soon.
MrH. Jones jcavo ix flno whist drlvo
nt thc Wyo on Tnnnd>y nftornoon.
Tho bur fixtures hnvo arrived this
week for tlio Flnthoml Hotel,
Tho smoker proved ft uroat success
on Saturday evening last, everybody
KettlnK a Kood tlmo.
John Jones, tho notott wrostlor ln
tho Push, gave n flno exhibition at
the smoker but his opponent wns a llttlo too heavy.
rrho trainmen gave a tlno danco on
WAri-nAnrf-M' ovm-H-m-*" wnMi UrMtt tin to
thn smalt hours of tho morning.
Mr. 'Alu**;* *i*ii it. llttltlj^itl Lit*.
hom- to ICI-ko for n week's hunting.
(Mr*. TI. Mawey was a visitor to Michel this week.
No. a mino ls only working morning
shift at firoaont. i       ,     ,   ,,
IkOU l luffcUv Ita* iSk-)"-'- -f.'9*~i.'   ***■ i-
Union  Hall on  Saturday, Dee. 2nd.
Como In crowdf, a» It'a for a good
Wo must thank the Fornle Ilrowery
for their klndnou In Riving us two
l«.gallon kega tree or t-hnrgc towards
tho smoker, u ,
-    Krnn-H  Nwwioau  Ia heljwr  *'.\\  the
I team during h. Huhbard'a absence.
A fence on oach side of the sidewalk
on iMain Street behind the Bank of
Montreal would be of real benefit.
Some one Is liable to w'alk overboard
those winter nights at'a considerable
risk of personal Injury. ..Hero's a
chnnce for tho vigilant Mr. 13eckott
to  HllillO.
Tlie Board of Trado Intend drawing
the attention of tho Oroat. Northern
Hallway Co. to tho chilly state of affairs ono Is up against wnltlng for
tralnp. If tho waiting room was kept
hen tod and open around train tlmo It
would bo greatly appreciated hy tho
travelling puhlie of Hosmor.
Tho mombors of the Jlosmer Athlotlc Club, nfter much porsunfllon,
turned up in sufflplont nnmhors to
hold a mooting Friday night lust. The
old officers, fearing dismissal, tender-
mi their resignation en bloc' nnd a
now outfit wns 'elected. It's to bo
hoped thoy prove livo ones. Mr. Willy
Is tho now president and H. Ilrooko
The ropo on tho main Incline broko
Friday lost, onuBlng a runaway of a
dozen or so onrs of conl. Tho nowly1
Installed Hnyos Derail fallod to
check their meteoric caroor, all kinds'
of damage being dono before they finally Jumped tho troatle at tho foot
or tho lnclino. Tho accident caused
tho afternoon sliirt lo lay off.
A Husslnn bnckhnnd In Xo, 0 wns
caught hy ii full nf roof nnd got his
nrm hadl'y mushed up. Tho Injury,
which Is n pnlnttil one, caused his ro-
movnl to tho hoRpl(iil,vwhoro ho Is progressing ns satisfactorily ns cnn ho
It is refreshing to rend that Dowser
was howled down at Vancouvor recently.   If,nny of his outfit yonturo
(llln     Ml      **!*>)   II     4,U«I<C     UliVdA     •"">     *"
Dr. .Major, of Nelson, Is at 'present
relieving Dr. Nay, who, accompanied
by Mrs. Nay, hat gon* ea«l for a few
weeks on business.
rrho Nora Henderson Opera Co.
woro nlnvlnr In llnsmcr Tiiftsdsv nnd
Wednesday. Urge bonnes were present -both days, tho program giving ovcry satisfaction,
Thn school Is clofod down for a fow
ivnuks owing to an'l epidemic of measles.
Tho Athlodc Club executive met
Wwlnesdnv nlfrhf snd de-flded on a
I pioKnim ulikl) It Is hoped will stlmu-
| Into nn Interest In tho Club, A amok-
**t U in lie Klvi-n iu IUm i**>**f fulini;.
A hllllitr,!. tournament and whist drives
nr*» to bn staged, further particulars
of t*huii nil) ht given shortly
We are pleased to see .that Miss
Nora Lees is still heading the list of
candidates ■ in the piano contest ,,by-a
majority of 38,435 votes. Miss.Lees.is
determined to win that piano.
J. M. JPetters, supt. of the Rocky
iMountain Cement .Co.,' returned from
Medicine Hat on Thursday, where he
had been attending to the business of
the company.
Mr. Wolstenholme, sr., was in town
on Thursday looking .up some of his
old-time friends. Mr. Wolstenholme,
it might be remembered, was the1 first
man to-put up a brick building in Lethbridge.
Mrs. R. M. Brisco returned to Blairmore on Saturday. Mrs. Brisco has
for several months been visiting her
sister, at Chatham, Ontario.
F. .Sick was a business" visitor to
'Blairmore this week."
' Frank Ciciarella has opened up a
(boot, department in his ' store on' Victoria Street East.      , -
The dance 'given in-the Opera House
-by Silvo Gris, the' new proprietor, on
Friday night, was only fairly, well' attended, owing1 to such short notice being given.
-' Mrsl  W. ,M. .'Muncaster,  who  last
injure her arm, is progressing most favorably.
Fred Harris, who until lately was
the cutter at the 41 Meat,Market, left
for Calgary on' Monday, where he will
reside in future. Mr. Harris, who was
noted for his fine baritone voice," sang
his favorite solo'in the-Central Bap--
tist jChurch' on Sunday night last.
The smoker held' in tho Miners' Hall
under the auspices of the Blairmore
Hockey team, was a huge success and
largely attended by all those interested in hockey. ''..
, 'Bert Shelton returned to Blairmore
on- Friday last from Princeton, B. C.
Bert will make an Indefinite stay in
town looking up his numerous friends.
Sid Sergeant has just unloaded a
car of grain and green feed and Is
now aWe to meet the increased demand for same.
, The meeting of the shareholders of
tho Blalrmoro Opera Houbo Co., which
was held In W. A, .Beebe's office on
Saturday night last, was largely attended and thc business transacted
was. satisfactory to all,
Saturday last was a busy day for tho
storekoopors.-lt being payday at the
cement works as well as tho mine.
The new hospital, which Is bolng
erected on the new townsite by Contractor Sinclair, Is almost complotod
and we understand will bo opened
some tlmo during December.
Tho many friends of Jim Pndon will
be plonsed to hear,.that ho Is woll on
tho road to recovery after his'long Illness with appendicitis, and hopes to
bo around In a few days,
Sovoral Italians wero convicted nt
Dollovuo on- Wednesday for being
drunk and disorderly and, fined fl*fi
oach, J. W. Grosham, of Blalrmoro,
occupied the magistrate's chnlr,
they had to struggle in their endeavor
to.get the unfortunate, man out"o$ the
cage.,' The men could not ..be kept
back, and why this should»be is.-beU
ycind comprehension, for if men will
not act as men should, nobody else can
make them do so. Take heed, boys;
and remedy this'at once.;  .
The wife of Karl Theodorvitch, International Organizer;- underwent .a
serious, operation* in Gait hospital
last week. * From inquiries "we -learn
she is ^progressing favorably. ,"" iBro.
Karl has. spent an anxious week hahg*^
ing around.the city,waiting the result;
as it was understood-it was. a life or
death issue. -He is taking a month or
two vacation until, she is restored to
hea*\Jh again. We wish her a speedy
recovery.*, -,.'-•, - ■'   V
,: Mr. and Mrs. David >Hoore's infant
baby died Tuesday after' a short illness. Naturally their loss 'is severe,
being their first and only child, and
our sympathy is extended tb-them in
their 'bereavement.
Ernest Stanley, a stone cutter on
the new 'Post Office, met with a serious accident which may prove fatal.
He was working on the roof and" had
just finished, it being -only" three minutes from quitting time, when he lost
his balance and fell to the next floor,
a distance ot 15 feet, falling on his
head and fracturing his skull: He was
at onco conveyed to the hospital,'
where he lies in a precarious condition.      , '
This morning (Wednesday) the men
in No. 6 mine had no sooner-got inside to work when all work was called
off and tho men ordered to top with
the least possible delay. ^Excitement
ran 'high for a time as to the cause of
such haste. It seems one of the -main
water pipes from'the river, which supplies the boilers, had burst, thereby
cutting off tho water supply. . The
haste was to get the" men "on top with
whatever steam remained before the
fan stopped.     ■ '   .  -
'President Smith and 1. B. M. Rees
were' in the city" Monday of this week
on lbuslness with the onion solicitor.'-
How a, fire or blaze works ,on, the
nervous system whilst compiling these
notes.0 On looking through tho window I noticed in the direction of Mr.'
•Paddy Cain's house, a huge blaze. I
at once ran to the phone, called up
the fire (brigade, and then to the fire,
to find it originated in the back houses. The flames had got a fair hold,
but calling on the family, who1 were
not aware of it, we managed to put it
out with buckets of water just as the
■brigade arrived. The cause was some
ashes from the stove which, with, the
high^wirid Mowing,'"had .kindled ,xx_7-
Thetdamage done was slight.-'y .-'.'X- .
RAblO-TELEGIJAPHY   ..    , ;,;
•"    . :   AND SAFETY AT^SEA-
.   The fact that the- -burning'-'steamer . ■
yblturno Vas alble fo-summon to. its-,
aid -by - radio, -messages' ho less than ;
eleven "steamers gave additional broof
pf- tho -priceless value of- this means-
of ^communication in the saving of life
at -sea.   Not that any sach. further
proof was • necefesary;   for  Marconi's
great invention 'had  already.*,'established its position as.one of .the most •■,
merciful aids to the saying of human,
life, in all the history, of' invention.
'. It".was inevitable that radio-teleg-r
raphy should hold a prominent part.-,,
in the discissions of the International
Conference on Safety at "Sea,-which is
to foe. held in London on'November 12
of this, year; and we;,note that Secre- -
tary ot Commerce Redfield's' commit-  •
tee on tliis subject has sent in a rec£
ommendation to the conference, which
appears to -cover the subject comprehensively.- •■     ',.-,
The. committee proposes, that effl;-A
clent -apparatus for radio c'ommunlca-" ■
tion be required on all ships- ln'foreign
trade  which  carry fifty persons or ■
more  dpassongers or * crew, or -both,
combined), pavlgating - the ocean be-,
tween ports more than t20Q nautical -
miles distant from one another; and
thnt apparatus, to be deemed efficient,"
must,, transmit messagesi with sufficient power to be received1 by day over -
sea, at a distance of at least 100 nautical -miles, by a ship equipped with apparatus equal to thnt of the transmit-',
ting ship.   It is further recommended
that an auxiliary power < supply should
be 'provided, independent of the vei-"
sel's main electric power plant, which
will enable the sending set for at least
four hours to-send messages'over a
distance of at least' 100.nautical miles
by dayi ' '■ •" ■''   '"    ,-.
There is an echo of the Titanic disaster in the recommendation that two.
first grade operators should !be requir--,
ed on all such ships maintaining a'
consfant service, also on all such ships
carrying 100 or more passengers; that
one first, grade and another first' or.
second grade operator should be required on  all other such" passenger
shiips; and that one operator (first or
second .grade) and one cargo operator
or watcher -should be required on all
other   such   cargo\ boats.—Scientific
American,   ..
The   Misses   Allen
.«     •   . '     -   ;"
Dressmakers   and   Costumiers
Ball Dresses a Speciality    ■ v
•The Quality Store"
Just  Unloaded
Also one Carload of ,.- *
Choice Winter Apples
Consisting of 15 Varieties
_j» :   	
The pick of the Okanagan Valley. We
expect a car of Ashcroft Potatoes in a few days
See us before buying, The goods are No. 1
quality and the price is right. See that you
get a few of the bargains at our Genuine Reduction Sale.
We have a special line
of crockery - sec window/
Phone 25
Tho Store That Saves Vou Money
Victoria St.       Blairmore, Alta.
Uthbrldfle Local Union Notes
n  fesv  iJi.-mhnrK hnvo, unfortunately,
;drnp;ir-il nut n>ronHy, but It In to bft
iConcert *l the PmbyUflan Church(hoiti-A "ini  nlil nwrnr *ow* ot tfcf-
!    Th'1 Chore*! v,i« ffllp^ tn m-frfi***: i»>nfh'»'<''i«'}i   fh-»j» hitl  it  t^tf iwmtfi*
in« Ott TuMflay h!rM. tho owaalon be-J oro -ml ;isa!ts become at-tlrr pnylnR
Inir ttt-9 -foneort utrttt under th* ani-1 memlw-rit.
Tho report of tho tollors ro tho ballot for tho fifty cont aBBMimont wns
rcr-d nm! n-teooiitod.
Thoro wuro twonty-sovon nppllcnntn
for this woolc, It wns movod nntl hoc
oiidod thnt nppIIcantR ho ro«ol\eu and
-Ilro. It. Wnlkor, of Vancouvor, waH
ln Attendance nnd nddroBaod tho moet.
Iiib on hohulf of tho brothors now on
Btrllco thoro, pointing out the Rrofm
Injustice motod out oy tho courts of
law to thoHo tnWriK nn notlvo pnrt In
tho Btrlko. A roaolutlon rend hy Uro,
Wnlkor -protesting HRalnat the sovero
Bontoncos pnBBOd by tho'courti In Vancouvor on several of our brothers,
wns ondorsod und carried unanimousA motion wiib put. tlmt IIiIh Locnl
donnto tho Bum of fifteen dollars to
On Hntufdny mnmlns; -last Fred Sin-
hovtch, a scrapur tn No. t> uuiiu, iik-i
with a painful accident by a fall of
conl. llnlnit In a knofillnit poiltlon, he
was entirely covered, and whon extricated It was found ono of his less
was  *brokon,   besides   noverdl  other
linilhUK.     )\0 'Mitt IhM-.tt  Ml MftVI*  ll'it,-
pltal, where ho ls progressing ts favorably as could be expected.
An Incldont In connection with thl3
nccldont Ib -worth commenting on, If lt
would hnvo the desired effect. It Is
only two weeks ago, In the Local doings, I reported the pit committee having taken up with tin' unu-.rtK"iin*i*<
the wnr the men at this mine crowd
aud crush KdUns: on am! off th*^ r.i<y:
to the dmifii-r of Hfo and limb. It was
In the morning, Just nt the time of
Qolte lowering Vie mt*n, that the pit and fin*
— bosses brought'up this man, ond tho
Inhuman wny (nnd I may ssy, the n-Mist wnyl th-ry twhsv-ed wss dNgr*e<«-
ful to me, so iruirb so that tt called
forth Anything tinpnrttnmentary la-i-i*
guage from these two men. tho way
Our Big Bargain Sale will
continue until Dec. 13
Biggest Bargains Ever Offered
Our Rubber stock  is complete
Big bargains in Men's clothing
•i...-*--. ,.-'/
W  '      "*     rr*vt*Ap   ft* i 9.\
"■<*#   *****
4*9— ,.44^jS^m9«99~9i *»«—, I '• ;#%iMiiiigi^^
I*1 .*
.       By Austin King,,'" ' A
"<5t|ief Inspector'of Mines for the' H. C.
A-\A.-7  Frick Coal,Company.  ...v r"'  -
■" {-Aibstract of f.a. special JarticieMn The
;■■ News Standard', .Unloht'oyrij-Pa., Oc-
'-  ; tober,2,',1913,        A     -;*■■.
>   ■ lYears agothe,.president of- the H. C7
.''"Prick iCoke Company dictated a set of
"'' .Tulea to'govern the operation^ mines
^and coke works; IS Following is Rule
" No. 1: ";' ■ ^' >,"."' '?"■'•' -• '.'"'• "r-', *
A-   ' "Strict oom-pliance with the mining'
".: law of the State shall be the duty of
■- '.-every employ € at all times and "under
-' all circumstances and - SAFETY-shall
-be-theTORST'consideration of siiper-
".' iritendents, mine foremen and all others exercising authority or'directing
./operations in every department."  a
-    ■ iHere>e find the origin of the motto
Y-amd ' our ' subject, • namely,   "Safety
,First.". . '„,-•-'-'
//• Tjus'•motto- Is now seen on every
hand in the offices, ^ on the stationery,
and in and about the mine buildings of
the company,'-whether above or ibelow
ground. It waa later -adopted by the
United States -Bureau of Mines. It
adorned the top.of, every page of tho
j ■program of the events carried out at
tbe.'Bureau testing station; and r ln
Forbes field, ■when President Taft honored the demonstration with his presence. 'On this occasion men were present from all the coal mining centres of
the United States and Canada, and
thus it became.known, to a greater or
less extent, from Nova Scotia' to Mexico and from British1 Columbia to Alabama. '    „ *'. ■-.-''  i    ■ '
What was the purpose ofHhe adoption of the-words, "Safety First;" as a
wafcehvford or motto? The purpose was
to put them in such a form and In such
places as to arrest the attention of
busy men and bring to their minds, as
often as iposslble' while engaged at
work, the necessity of avoiding danger
■ byt the prompt performance of the varl-
*  ous. duties required and the adoption
•. of every safeguard  In its progress.
When dealing witli this question President Lynch,gave the warming that,
'^Eternal vigilance is the price ot safety."  This vigilance ls quickened when
we are frequently, reminded'by the at-
tractive and somewhat startling words,
"Safety, Firsts and in this way officials and workmen have their slgnifl-
canfee and' importance impressed on
their minds.
Are these words, some may ask, any-
■   thing more than "bosh," .'tbuncomlbe,"
or so much "hotalr," to use"a common
expression?' That^depends very ..much
on how persons regard them.   If they
do not'heed the warning'they are "foun-
', combe,"o'r "hot'air;'.''butthe president
"  of the.H., C.  Frick, Coke Comspany
0 " deemed them of sufficient importance
to place them before quality and cost
,   of product, and all know how viltal
these are to every corporation.
'What is , the-meaning'of "Safety
/First?"   "Safety First," though having
a sort of general-or common significance tb all, yet, for, each clasB.of of-
„' - ficials and workmen, it-has a special
meaning which varies according j;p the
nature of.and. conditions surrounding
theiwoTk'to be done.'..-:—^.Vl •••
ATSo the president it'means ..tbat, as
far as he -Is alble,every provision' shall
be. made to insure Jhe'safety of th©
workmen.'no matter what the cost;7 to
him it;means-inu-ch trouble.of mind
when fatal or serious accidents happen
—no matter"■ how.; (because,he.feels,
and sometimes rightly, too, that every*
thing that foresight could suggest has,
not beeu done to prevent them.
.. /To- the' general superintendent it"
means anxious inquiry from "superintendents and other officials-Hhe scanning of reports daily regarding it, and
the giving of many .orders regarding
its strict observance notwithstanding
the large Increase it often makes In
the, cost.'  V ■    ' mX •' ■ •,
(To the engineer It means" well-considered lay-outs for mines with respect
to ventilation, drainage, haulage, width
of harrier pillars, and the design and
installation of suitable machinery and
safety appliances. .   '*-'■-
To the mine-Inspector, as its special
guardian, it, means much .care and
■watchfulness, and oft-times the performance of dlsagreealble duties. To
comply with its requirement he must
do hiB duty without fear or favor, and,
by advice, commendation or caution to
officials and workmen, point out the
(best way to attain the cherished result
—the reduction of accidents to a minimum. ' '
. To the superintendent it means that
he ..must provide supplies to insure
safety in - all departments and make
himself as familiar as practicable with
the conditions that make for safety, 30
as to be able, if called upon by his
subordinates, to advise how best to
avoid accidents. He must have^ It distinctly understood by all that he is for
safety -first," whether they have a 48
or a 96-hour charge, and that practices disregarding safety, Iby any one, will
not be tolerated. He must be firm in
his support of anything that adds to
safety; but, like Davy Crockett, he
must be sure hie is right Ibefore going*
ahead. '- • ;•-]
- ■' To-the mine foreman it means competent and reliable subordinates, the
giving of clear-cut^and- unmistakable
orders and directions where safety is
concerned—no straddling of the question can be permitted; for never was
it more true than in the case of safety
that- "He that is not for it is against
it". It means that he will not permit
coal-dust to accumulate, nor will he
permit' blasting- under unsafe conditions, even though output be reduced'
In consequence; that he will not allow
persons to work or jpass beneath unsafe places in roads, whether a car
goes out that way or. not; that if he
finds a man persistently negligent of
his personal" safety,, he will discharge
him,at once, evenr,if he is.short-handed; ihat he will note how work -is done
hy the various .employes and at once
check any tendency to. recklessness on
their part. In a word,", he is for "safety first," last,and all,the .time.
The fire boss,,rib-boss-and shot fir-
er will be made; to feel that, while the
faithful performance bf their duty is
duly appreciated, the higher duty:-of
conserving life and,limb.is still more
appreciated by their superior, ' The
.former will express his understanding
of safety first iby- fencing off all placea
found dangerous, though pit room 'is
scarce; the second will not save laibbr
toxprovide a'safe retreat in making"a
fall, nor will he risk, nor permit a miner to, risk, injury to recover a few
posts.-{.{The shot firer w-jll exemplify
,its meaning to him by refusing to fire
any shot where injury is likely to'result, or which is -contrary to law and,
safe practice.
;. To the miner it means that he will
set that post or, cross-bar;" as may be
required before loading the- car, though
lt may not be ready for' the driver
when he calls for it; and if in doubt'a't
any time as to what to do to keep himself safe in' his working -place he will
give' the side of safety the ibenefit of
the doubt.
The driver will show that he understands its' true meaning Iby not taking
,any forbidden risk in doing his work
—he will not ride between cars or in
front of trips when possible to avoid
it, 'but instead, make use of the wide
side,of the heading, which ls provided
for hhe purpose of enabling him to
keep control of his trip.
To the1 chief mechanic and electrician it means that they will keep the
machinery, apparatus and wiring in
their charge in safe working condition; they will be sure that those they
have placed In charge are sober"and
reliable, and they will encourage them
to report ^promptly anything that they
may- notice that would lead tb danger.
It means that when a fatal or serious accident happens it should be thoroughly investigated, so that the cause,
If possible, may be known; and; having
ascertained it such regulations,or devices, or -both, as are best calculated
to prevent a recurrence should be
promptly made or supplied and o-bed.
ence to or use of them enforced as fai
as practicable."
Having briefly dwelt on a few of the
Important phases of the meaning of
"Safety First," maywe not ask: What
would b'e the result if each one did his
best to carry out its requirements?
There can be but one answer—a veTy
large reduction in number of fatal and
serious injuries*. This indeed would
prove that safety was the first consideration. Should it not be a labor of
love, not a task; to accomplish this?
or does the yellow streak rather than
the spirit of the Good Samaritan predominate in us?
. Where there's.a will there's a way,
says anJ,old proverb.- Let us demonstrate that we have the will, and we
will surely find the way. Forget not
the cries and sobs of the -widow and
orphan, nor the groans,and anguish of
the injured,' tout a be up and' doing in
this "matter; for'      '
"The dTying of a single tear hath
Of honest worth  than  shedding
-    - seas of gore."
—The "Coal and Coke Operator aad
Fuel'Magazine. - •    ■',   .
i.i',s:-!.  •.•:.:,vlr.Vf~.r-' .     --. ..
At^theroadpead.^and before he was
^•ekdy-to.cljarge'It the miners working
;at:.the coar*Iace,: and a fireman who
"had -been present, went gut, the former
to have a meal and the latter to continue his ."inspection of his district.
•They .were only 50 yards distant when
the shot-exploded and, as they had
■neither-a warning shout of "fire" nor
the-sound-of. the contractor walking
"a^vay from- the shot, they- knew the
charge had exploded prematurely. On
returning;-they found the man -badly
injured' and he died almost immediately. The: explosive was Stowmarket
gelignite "and the charge was about
%Jb.< ■ -From the "size of the drills and
the'size of cartridges the charge ought
to have gone'into the hole easily, but
it is possible that some rubbish may
have got into the hole, as it -was dipping-and under water. The temperature > alboveground on- the previous
night was below freezing point, and as
the > explosives were brought by the
contractor from .'an outside magazine
the .probability Ib that some of the
gelignite was partly frozen and explod-
ed on Ibeing, pushed home. A badly'
bent copper cleaner was found clase
iby the hole ofter the explosion. . The
number pf accidents which are caused
iby'frozen explosives during cold weather, is disappointing. Mr. Walker is
surprised that both managers and
workmen do not realize the danger
that Is run toy the use of explosives
containing nltro-glycerlne In this condition. Great care should be taken to
see,that the explosive does not show
any sign of hardness, as nitre-glycerine freezes at a temperature above 40
degrees Fahr. and often remains frozen despite a rise in the temperature,-
■for a considerable period. If .the explosive is at all hard, the risk of a
premature'.explosion ^occurring, as":in
tMs\Instance, is very great.        .-.*.;':
. . .Naked Lights and Explosives/ •
A miner 'in a "fast" place in. the
niaih. coal, we read In (Mr. Walker's report,' went .near to his open gunpowder,
canister^, with his naked light in his
cap and a spark fell amongst the powder, which exploded and burned him.
The canister was open, as he had omitted, possibly through forgetfulness, to
close it after,taking some gunpowder
from it earlier in the day. He stated
to some of the men, after the accident
occurred," that he was going for some
oil" for his lamp from a bottle, which
he kept close to his canister, when
the accident occurred., This appears
to have been so, as his empty lamp attached to his cap \yas found after the
explosion lying near the' canister;
there was no reason for- him to toe getting gunpowder at the time as he had
no shot hole ready, and there were
plenty of loose coals in his working
place, He contravened the Explosives
Order, Part 1 (1) (b) as he failed to
keep the explosives in a secure canister. This kind of accident is far too
frequent, 'Mr. Walker adds; it1 may
be that constant use of explosives
makes the workmen take less care
than is necessary to prevent them, but
he should have thought that a man's
common sense would make him realize
the foolishness of having a naked light
anywhere near explosives. This does
not, however, appear to be the case,
for , the Inspectors find innumerable
cases of miners not removing their
lights from their caps when opening
a canister containing explosives. The
necessity of great rare ln this respect
ls urged upon both officials and miners.—The Science and Art of Mining.
[Is rapidly approaching when the workers will face their-capitalist masters
in the final conflict
.„ The landlord is the enemy of the
employing capitalist; The employing
-capitalist is the enemy of the working
class. When- the working Glass fight
the Jandlord, they are fighting the
enemy of their enemy.
'When the landlord is conquered the'
workers-will still be in slavery. When.
the enemy of their enemy is defeated,
the workers will then see their true
enemy—if the Socialists have not previously educated them to the real condition of affairs, .and the workers have
not abolished the profit system.—Cot-,
ton's Weekly. t
\£- S, I -fC\
First in Railroads
Accumulations of Coal Oust    ,. *,
One- of the most far-reaching provisions ln the Mines Acti * Mr. Wilson
suggests ln his report for the Liver
ipool Districts ia that requiringsteps to
\'be talt'ein to prevent accumulations ot
coal dust.   This1 has. <been met in a
,' .variety of wayB, depending very large-
• ly- upon, the wayi the coal dust danger
appeals to the manager.  There is no
doulbt 'that the danger Is now recognized, and it is new rare to find accumulations, of dust, upon-, the - pave-
- ment'of the roadways.-   Usually the
'dust is. filled Into tubs and sent out
'" of tho mino, and at many collieries a
. 'careful account,Is.kept of how many
tubs «to filled :In • this way.   Water
. sprays aro ln use av Boraoof tho collieries belonging to tho. largo firms,
Stono dust has. ibeen applied to tho
roadB ln the mines of a few1 of the
. more progressive proprietors, and at
two collieries -elaborate arrangements
nro Installed for. exhausting tho duat
from tho screens.   At a fow places
sprinklers are fixed to play water upon the screens; at'others water Is used
at tho tipplers, The grout danger arising from the finest dust descending
tho downcast shaft and bolng carrlod
considerable dlBtnnceB In-toye Is not recognized so thoroughly aa It ought .to
bo.  'Boarding up ono or two Bides ot
the shaft would often tend vory largely to roduce the o-utuUlty of dUBt getting Into tho mino, and tho Inspootor
acknowledges tliat whenever he has
suggested this roraody tho proposal
has been readily accepted and carried
-out. At ono or two of tho largor mlnoB,
wator sprinklers hnv.o boon flxod ln
" tho down-enst nonr tho shaft top, and-
tho dust then falls to tho -bpttoai anil
1s periodically cleaned up.-'
caused A* " *o fall, but he was not
burnt or'oine-/wise Injured. The horse
•which waB standing on.the rope 1,500
yards further in-ibye was killed- Instantly.  '    • ' ..
Tests had been made by the attendant In the generating .house at 7 and
7.30 a.m. on the morning of the accident, tout, no • indications of leakage
wero discovered., ,    .
'' The accident, adds Mr. Johnstone,
emphasizes the great danger attending the use' as- earth conductors of
old wire ropes-which ai^.worn, corroded, or of -Insufficient' size, and the necessity of making all connections efficiently, to-secure electrical continuity, The old ropes ln this cnBe were
at once cut out and copper conductors
substituted, that on tho surface being
properly soldered and rlvotted to tho
earth plates,       •
An Elsotrlo Accident
In his roport for the Midland and
-Southern -Distriot Mr. Hugh Johnstone
rofers to an accident toy which a man
rocolved a slight shock, and a horse,
which stood about 1,600 yards further
4n-<bye, was oloctrocutod, but which
might concolvably havo had much
moro -serious consoquonco*. Thu current used was three-plmso aHomntlim,
«B0 volts, 60 periods per socond, It
was conveyed from the generator on
.surfaoo to a distributing station nonr
tbo shaft bottom by an armored cable, but from this point for i dUtanto
'Of 020 yards tho cablo was unarmorod,
ittayond thin for h furthor distance of
1,11-5 yard* tho cable was armored.
The metallic covers, motor frames,
into.,  wore  earthed, lo tho  surfaco
iUIVUAU    -Hit    -UkVttf     (MUW-WU*      **l9lit*r
svMlflMi*, 'Imt f«r the nhnv** M0 yarrt*
tho -earth connection was by means of
*n old haulage ropo %-lnch diameter,
Uld under the rail*. Th* armoring of
tho shaft oablo was connwtsd nt tho
.surface *y means of a alcnllar ropo 40
vsrrts In 1*>npr1h to Imo t*i\tm*T T>1ntos
tourlcd in wot sHayey ground, Tho connections between thia rope and the
■earth plates had teen made by copper
•wlro. lacings, and were subsequently
found to be -loose and therefore defoot-
Ive.   One arm of an Blllson'e three-
throw iwitch had shorted on to the
frame thr»u*h a hard flbrr tiitw on
which the knife blades were mounted,
the earthing rope fused at a -corded
pari near to which the man was standing with hie feet upon the rope and
TiU arms resting upon the unarmored
juble, and he received a shock which
Fails of Roof
Whilst it Ib unfortunately found no-
coBsnry to prosecute workmen ln some
InfitancoB In ordor to onforco the rulos,
there aro other points ln connection
with falls of roof which, Mr, Mottrnm
explains In his report for Yorkshlro
and NortWMidlnnd, have an important
■bOaWng on tho question and should
not toe lost sight of. For Instance, tho
specified distance apart which tho roof
supports aro,to be set and advancod
should bo reconsidered by the monane-'
mont from tlmo to tlmo,, along with
any) alteration in the character of tho
roof In any part of the,mino, Any
lossenlng of tho distance thnt may bo
found nooossnry should not only bo
-published in tho statutory notico posted tip at tho surfaco,- tout tho mon
mon should Ibo thoroughly and porslst-
ently Impressed by tho doputlos as to
tho necessity for sotting such supports
without delay, securely; and dlscroot-
ly, (Tho "compulsory uso of bars sysJ
temntlcally sot undor roofs known to
contain "slips," would, Mr. Mottrnm ls
convinced, prevent mnny accidents,
It falls to toe recorded that, although
0,18-4,421 tons or 0.C3 por cont of tho
output of ooal was producod during tho
year In tho distriot by coal-cutting mn-
-chinos, only one death oocurrod by
fella at the coal face whoro machines
were 4n use, and this spoaks volumes
for the comparatively safe conditions
producod whore the -conl faco Is kopt
strahtht and moved regularly, and tho
tlmlberlng It systematically done.
With a view to securing tho attention of the minors to tho propping
rules, a clear notice printed on linen
has toon posted up just outside the
|M<I  ill *>IM^     tlUttttUt,  .Hut*,*.  Ml    ■•MU'tU-
-rtlff* -BllU«ton« Onfllftrv. This ultio
should certainly bring homo to all
workers what the requirements and responsibilities are.
Safety Lamps Advocated
in Rrnflnnil, wnmslona of fire damp
o&usod eleven deaths and 74 persons
were Injured during the year 1M2. The
number of accidents under this head
is too great, and, if adequate precautions were taken both by officials and
workmen, is capable of much greater
reduction. The requirements of Bee-
Hon 32 11)-m of the Coal .Mines Act,
1011, which came Into force on July lst
lust, that the whole of the seam in
which an explosion of Inflammable gas
occurs, causing any -personal Injury
whatever, must be-worked with safety
lamps, unless the Secretary of fltate
result in time In a diminution of this
class bf accident in Scotland. The use
of safety lamps at present ls not popular either with, the owners or the persons employed, and every possible argument Is used against their use,'and,
-in particular, that other classes of accidents, will be Increased. Having had'
considerable experience in other districts and coalfields, Mr. Walker, in
his annual report,'says he does not
■agree with this opinion, but thinks
if every precaution is taken the explosions of gas will Ibe very greatly redu-c
ed without any increase in other accidents, and he trusts that every one
concerned will co-operate In obtaining
this much to be desired result. He can
understand both officials and workmen who have always been used to
work with naked lights, thinking that
with the'reduced light of safety lampB
It Is likely there will be more accidents
from falls of ground, and In connection
with haulages, but) as a matter of fact,
such is not the case If great caro'.Is
taken In the supporting of the' roof
and sides nnd the manipulation of
hutches on inclines, nnd they do not
remember thnt with portable electric
lamps a Ibetter light' Ib obtained than
with a -naked light,, It Is often urged
thnt the weight of electric smfety-
lamps Ir oxccsslva, -but Mr. Walker
would point out that this should not
prevent their bolng used, ns It Is prob-
nhlo cxperionco gnlned from practical
use will remedy this defect.
The first achievements of American
railroading are, in the greater number
of cases, lost in the obscurity of tradition, and there have sprung up,a host
of- interesting stories that go the
rounds like Homeric tales. The honor
of having created a record' or a custom that is now commonplace has had
many claimants in nearly every instance,       -i      A'
Take the first train to run a mile a
minute. The Antelope, an engine on
the Boston and' Maine Railroad, according to one of the, most -cherished
of these legends, pulled the .fIrst train
that made this record. Her run was
between 'Boston and -.Lawrence, a distance of twenty-six.miles, and one day
in 1848 she Is said -to have made -her
last .fourteen miles in thirteen minutes.
'But it .is ju'st as earnestly upheld
that Davy .Crockett of the Mohawk
and Hudson Railroad has this distinction. The Davy Crockett was the pride
of the road in her day. It is said that
her engineer, David Matthew, loved
her better than he did his family. But
she reached the pinnacle of her fame
locally when," in 1832, sixteen ' years
Ibefore the Antelope was heard of, ac-.
cording to the other' story, she covered a fourteen-mile straightway level
stretch between Albany and Schnec-
tady, in thirteen minutes and made one
stnn fnr water besides.   A letter, wri:-
incursions    Canadian
December 1 stto 31 st       Pacific
Return Limit
3 Months
East of
Fort William
First-class round trip fares from Fernie to
Trains leave Fernie
17.30 daily and at
9.29 daily except
Sunday.   Inquire
regarding Sleeping
Corresponding .fares from other points and
to all stations in
For   booklet   of   information
and  full   particulars,  apply   to
any agent of the Canadian Paci-
- flo railway.
.*<? -y; I
s  ' -XI
-fN1   ,
•  T    t    ^ JV
Old 8hans
Tho condition or some of tho old
shafts, tho.sides of which nre support-
ten by 'Matthew in that year mentions
having done better than a mile a minute with her oh several occasions.
■Running an engine at a mile a minute in those ■ days was . many times
more dangerous than it is now. Three-
quarters of a century ago ,the rails
were light strips of iron spiked down
to all sorts l of ties. There were no
tie or fish" plates then; - and In hot
weather especially 'the sleepers and
the rails would warp In theJ torrid sun
and ipull apart. Not Infrequently the
ends of the light rails would curve
upward from the track, forming the
much dreaded "snake heads," which
were"the horror of engineers, and passengers alike. .Many tales are told
of "snake heads" springing up under
the jolting train, piercing the flimsy
car floors, and Impaling passengers
In their Beats. Until a remedy was
found for these "snake headB" by
"using hotter fastenings and moro seasoned ties, a largo forco of men was
continually employed to-- walk the
tracks and nail them down.""
■Broken- car wheels were another
ever present danger ln those remote
days. Tlie present standard gauge
Is said to havo been originally eatab-
•llshed by taking tho distance ibetween
.tho wheels of tho carts used on Eng'
HbIi highways. For tho same roason
apparently, tho first rolling stock was
oqulppod not with solid wheels,.but
with cnBtlron models oftho woodon
wagon wheel, though of small diameter. TheBo wero not submitted to
tho drop tost thnt Is now universal
and woro of a dangerously light pat-
torn. Tho result wns that often liv
torlor defects In tho casting would
claimed to have originated it One of
the' likeliest claimants is the Baltimore and Ohio. In those early days
most of the conductors' takings wero
cash fares, and tickets-were a rarity
Disputes -with people who either
couldn't ot wouldn't pay were therefore of frequent occurrence. To put
these off, stopping the train ibetween
stations, the conductor had to send a
brakeman ahead over the freight cars
and make a police request of the engineer.
A bright young IB. & O. conductor
one day devised a plan to signal the
engineer without sending the brake-
man forward., He hung a stick on
the engine cab and hitched to one
end„of it a clothesline, which he ran
back over the top of the cars so that
the stick would wriggle when the rope
was pulled. He carefully explained
his scheme to the engineer. The latter looked at' It scornfully and made
no answer. Three-quarters of a century ago the man in the cab was a
high and mighty person to whom no
mere -conductor could give orders.
This run started, and. it was not
long before the engineer saw the stick
signaling him to stop. Instead of
ev.en slowing np, he let out the throttle a few notches and grinned at his
fireman. At the next station they had
to'lie out for another train, and-the
young conductor ca'nie ahead with fire
'Iff- *HTs~eye: Tfie~engrneer~finaily"
showed fight. Fortunately for railroad history, the conductor was the
stronger man. Stick signals were
thereafter obeyed on that train. -
Almost Immediately the' story
reached the ears of the superintendent. He at once saw the conductor's
idea was a capital one, and set about
installing the bell cord system, practically the same as it exists today.—
New York Call.
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation", In  the  Pass.—
Up-toDate — Every    Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
■■■* ',■ A'-t
• S>>1
. i- t'^l
ed by tlmbor, Is one calling for the
prompt nttontlon of tho owners nnd..
mnnngers.  A moro thorough oxamina. and therein ^ ^ ^ ^^ of
°p omyptUnttont«     3'thT£"n.» nnd)^^^'^^f1 "S'S.ffod^U1 tolfl
•I"'.v-J-    a «,«»» M,n.«,,M, nv„minn.  nnd tho train was ditched.   It took n
tion Is roqulred thnn the ordlnnry
weekly ono to ascertain*the condltl-pn
of wood lining, often tt is decayod and
-qulto Incapable or supporting the
sides; sovornl rocont Instances hnvo
occurred whoro tho timbering hns glv-
on way duo to this cnuso, and It appears to Mr. Walker that In tho cases
of all shnfts moro than 20 years old
not lined with brick or stone, or -whoro
tho nuturnl strnta show no defect, nde-
quato moons should -bo taken either'by
boring liolos through tt, or In other
ways, to ascortaln tho condition of tho
tlmbor. Tho Innpoetor draws thn nttontlon of ownors, ngonts, and mming.
ers of rnlnos, whoro thoro nro old
shafts lined with wood, to this mattor,
and to urge upon them tho necessity
of -satisfying thomsolvos that ndwiunto
precautions aro taken, to prevent (ho
sides of tho shafts collapsing owing to
tho dofoctlvo condition of the tlirtbnr,
In futuro, Tho whole of tho mon employed underground usually are raised
or lowered ln thone shnfts, and n grcnt
risk ts theroby run ot loss of life; tho
purely economical side of the question,
apart altogether from that of safety,
tUIOUlU iMUtm  ili<9  V ■*«■«<•  IO- MiU   t-ii«u
the nlflrf-. of Wto nhnftfl nr* m-MntuWtrd
In n safe condition as a collapse Is liable to causo a prolonged cessation of
tbe drawing of mineral, and theroby <o
roduce tho profitable working of tho
Dsnasr of Froitn Explosives
'An accident occurred at Home Farm
Colliery, (belonging to Messrs. Hamilton, MoOullocb, and Co., Ltd., on April
11th, and caused the death of a con-
tractof bruslwr. The main level In tho
lower Drumarsy Seam was dipping,
and, Mr.1'Walker'says,''tlm oottt.mot.or
-brushea for the aeam was Instructed
by tho undermttnager to make a sump
hole near to the face so that tho sue*
tion pino of a pump coull he t-tken into It. The contractor dr'"ed a shot
hole 21 Inches deep In tht pavement
The Working Men's Club
Now Open Under New Management   >
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
No fee charged to use Club, which is open to all.
B. Rawson
pooplo woro klllod, bo runB tho tradition, to bring about tho testing of enr
wheals by tapping thorn,
Ronl tlmo saving In running trains
did not bogln until 18B1. Charlos
Mlnot, superintendent of tho Brio
Railroad, was ono of thOBO glvon crod*-
It of Inaugurating tolograph signals for
tho handling ot trains.
Ho wns In tho cab of ix pnssongor
train ono dny, oh tho story goos. Thoro
woro no double-truck railroads In
those days, and trains hnd to Ho out
on sidings nnd wait for tho train
bound In tho opposlto dl roc tion to
como along. However long tho delay,
tho train on tho,siding waited.
On thiH particular occasion Mlnot's
train took Its siding. Tho oporntor at
the llttlo roun try station strolled ovor,
romarklng that the train In the opposite direction had got stalled on tho
grndo somo fifty mllos down the lino,
and that It would bo two or three
hours bofore she could patch up her
leaky flues and got -power enough to
cllro'b tho hill. ,,   M   tM
Mlnot was In a hurry, and he decld-
-UU   i*l   **Jt*Hl*irty9t   tmljtlt)    .Uttr   tltilr    mmtmt.    ,„tr
\n\r\ hi* wn« on would not wMt «t th«
siding, but would proceed; for station
agents to watch out for tbe other train
and have It wait on the aiding nearest
tho -Spot whoro they would meet, ."tho
englnoor refused polntblank to take
Two years ago Dayton, Ohio, elected
two Socialist aldermen. One proved
disloyal to the working class and was
expelled from the Socialist party. The
other was Charlos E. GelBler.    \ -
■During the two years Gelsler has
acted as alderman he hns made ,tho
following record:
Secured an eight-hour day and a
minimum wage of $2 a day for city em-
Tried to Becure the establishment
of public ibath houses; IMeasure was
killed by old party aldermen.-
lOppoaed n twenty-five year street
car franchise which was given by tho
council, i
■Attempted to have water motors installed in nil 'placBH uRlng city- water.
Tried to secure municipal slaughter
houso, 'Killed iby Board of Health nnd
old party aldermen.
Tried to Bocuro municipal garbage
reduction plant which mot tho fato of
similar things of benefit to tho peoplo,
Opposed a thlrty-yonr frnnchlso to
telephone nnd tolograph company,
which roBultetl In the frnnchlso being
reduced to ten yours.
Introduced ordlnnnca to stnrt plans
for tho erection of n municipal light,
powor and heating plant. Klllod In
commltteo.—Party Ilulldor.
In Oroat Britain Lloyd George Is attacking tho land monopoly. Ho points
out how commorco Is hindered, countrysides depopulated, nnd workers
housod In fthucks, bocauso of tho greed
of tho landlords.
In Toronto ft movomont hns boon InW
tlatod to provide ohonp housos for tho
working classes,
In Montreal tho ounstlon or high
rents Is ngltntlng tho pooplo, .Many
onpllallHts complain and want tho
routs for workers roducod.
Tho question of rents and Iiouhos
and choap living quarters for workers
seems io bo Sonlatlstlo. liowovor,
Lloyd (loorgo and tho Toronto phllan-
thropists who nro building working
class housos nro agonts ot cnpltullsm,
not of Socialism.
Karl Marx doclnrod that capitalism
made all things In Its own likeness.
The capitalist raodn of exploitation Is
to put workers Into the mills of, pro-
UUbil-JU,   tt*!***   ****>"*   —    **-».**    '- ' —O **tUv.
nnd ttiVo us profit* nil thnt Is produced
by tho workors above thoir living expanses.
Capitalist robbery takes place In tho
process of production.
The landowner does not take pnrt -in
Ladies' and Gent's
nnv %\\rh  risk.  savln-R that  it waa I rnnttnllmt production. He simply char*
Costumes 8c Suits
to measure   .   .   .
Fit guaranteed . .
Suits and Overcoats
from $25.00
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B. C.
against all railroad law and custom,
Mlnot finally discharged him, put him
ort the engine, and ran the train himself td tbo end of the division, keeping
himself posted by tolograph at each
atation. Kverythlng worked out Just
aa he had planned and waa ao satisfactory that. ltr> nf onro Inananrnted a system of moving trains on topograph alg*
Tho wny tho bell cord came into use
is about aii interesting a railroad tradition as thero la. 'Nearly every one
of  iho older line*  in ibe country
os for tho uso of the J«'»d he «*m
He takes toll ot the employing capital-
ist who takes toll of tho woraing class.
If the land quostlon Is n question bo-
tween landowner and ci-aploylng capitalist, why do wo mo many working
people cry out against tho land exactions? Why >lr» we sw th#m hall with
iiedalm-tbe Woyd George land pro-
ir*m In Rrltatn?
Karl tMarx ban giv*n Hn> *w»*»*i.
Throughout tho ni?<» tlw working class
have fought one sot of ftplolu-rs only
to -lie ridden by snoth-t-r »ei.  The time
tm -m** **v    aw-vy*^   *m**0m»
Insurance. Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
i *
' >
'■ -.x. If PAGE TEN
-,        '        l'v,':"'
.   -_   2-.,r     '■*{*.''
J . *c u -■;:        * -•- . •- ^fcy. Vv^^-i*#^-^"^i,j-'''-'' "■■
.    N   V   .,.*  ' *T*' •   vv*t><;^,\AJ"^*|\ L ^4> rP^1i\ JS-
'I..'   -
- MB... V-
■-.m-j X:
Bar Unexcelled
All White. Help
Call in and
see us once
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found Just aa wo represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you vrsnt spruce we do not
send you hemlock. • When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls, Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances tbey wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
By Guy <te Man^assatii
"JEWELLER and optician
Steam Heated Throughout
Electric Lighted^
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The  Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
ImpemTBank" of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up ...
Reserve and Undivld- Total Assets	
ed Profits         8,100,000
D." R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pret,
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,' Fernie, Golden,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,   „
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
General Mnnancr Aulitant General Manage?
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
rt •-
lUtil   '
k ■
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian
Bank of Commerce to be operated by mail, ancl will receive the
same careful attention as Is given to all other departments of the
Bank's business. Money may bc deposited or withdrawn in this
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to thc Bank.
L. A, 8. DACK,  Manager. FERNIP  BHANCH
A deposit of one dollnr Is uufllclent to open * savings Account
with the Horns Hunk, There nre many hundreds of prosperous
savings .accounts In tha Homo Hank thnt started from sn original
depohlt of ono dollar.   Full compound Interest allowed.
■Mi      HMoorncumi TOD^MTA   jamm mason
I J. F. MACDONALD, Manager
I     VIOTORIA AVE., -i- .i- FERNIE, B. O.
. The mere thought of war excites a
feeling of dread within me, as if one<
were, speaking ahout something abom-
iuable, -monstrous, against nature.
When .we speak about -cannibals, we
proudly smile, proclaiming our superi:
ority to-such savages. But:,who -are
the true savages? Is it thosewho fight
in order that thoy-may eat the vanquished, or those who fight for no other purpose than to kill? ,
Great armies are moved ahout like
flocks of sh<?ep by butchers, and their
units are destined to fall upon Some
field of combat with heads Split oipen
by sabre-strokes or hearts pierced ;by
bullets. .They are composed of young
men, stole to produce, to 'be of use.
Their fathers are old and poor. Their
mothers for twenty years have loved
and cherished them as mothers alone
are -capable of loving and cherishing,
perhaps to leant, after six months or
a year, that .their iboys, their darling
children, for whom they have sacrificed so much and whom tliey have so
tenderly reared, have 'been thrown
like dogs into a ditch, where they Iio
with howels burst asunder after having been trodden upon and mutilated
or made into a shapeless mass of flesh
by some cav-alry, charge.
"W-hy," asks the unfortunate another, "why have they .murdered my
child, my darling son, my only hope,
my life itself?" She does not understand, -but the answer is "War!" In
other words, fighting, killing, cutting
off heads, slaughter -. .   ■
Yes . . . and at the present time, in
our own qpoch, in spite of our whole
civilization of science, in spite of the
increased diffusion of science, in spite
of all the'philosophy which human genius ^ 'can   evolve,   there   yet   exist
schools for teaching' the slaughter, of
human, (beings, how, to kill scientifically and easily a n^a-ss of men, men, poor
unfortunate, -innocent, charged with
the iburden of families.who need their
help and sustenance. But the most
amazing thing is that no people -have,
up - to the present time, revolted
against such-infa-mies.
And yet we live under the weight of
the abominable ancient customs, the
.faulty 'prejudices, the ferocious ideas,
which were the characteristics of our
hat1barou3 ancestors. - We remain
beasts, dominated hy instincts which
nothing succeeds in modifying.
■ Alas! how we would now mock were
it anyone else than Victor Hugo, who
gave utterance to the following:'
"We are -beginning to recognize that
armed force is but another name for
oppression and to bring it to judgment
before the tribunal of the people. Civilization, listening to the pleas of mankind, demands that the generals, the
conquerors, be arraigned' as criminals. The -people' are ^beginning to see
that it does not diminish the guilt simply ibecause a wrong action is carried
out on a grand scale, that if to murder
a single individual is a crime, the murder of a crowd of mejri does not extenuate the guilt, and that if to steal is
shameful, -the arbitrary Invasion of a
country cannot he. glorious. Yes, wo
but proclaim, the Absolute troth, when
we say that war isPa disgrace."   -
"You may say that all this is (but
petty resentment, poetical Indignation,
and that the war spirit Js always to be
honored. -A certain clever leader of
the war iparty, a. genial murderer, replied to some peace delegates as follows:'."War is sanctified, it is a divinely-ordained- institution;  it is ono
of the sacred laws of the world;'to
give rise -to aii, grand, and. noble sen-,
timents; honor, disinterestedness, virtue, courage; in.one word,* it- -keeps
mankind'-from falling-into the-most
deplorable'materialisaa.'.*'..^ "
Some thousands'of men come'together, they march-by day and night,
without repose, without thought, with-
learning, without'reading. Serving no
useful -purpose) tliey, aie.allowed to
stink in their "own uncleanness, they
lie in the mud like brutes, their minds
sLupefied. They plunder cities,-set fire
to villages, ruin nations. 'Upon meeting with' a(/,similar ,mass of human
flesh thoy attack it, causing (blood to
flow in strea-ms, and'cover the muddy
bloodnfilled earth with the pieces of
their dismembered bodies.' Mountains
of dead bodies accumulate, from which
arms and legs have, been torn, and
brains oozed out—of no value to any
one;'finaljy to Ibe thrown into a hole
in some corner of a field, while at
home, parents, wives and children perish from hunger. This signifies not to
fall Into a most deplorable materialism.
Men say they prlzo war because It
acts as a spur to their energies. .Wo
strugglo against nature, against ignorance, against all sorts of obstacles, in
order to mako our lives, a little more
supportable. Philanthropists and scientists spend their lives la-boring,
searching for means to help and alleviate the lot of their brother men;
filled with enthusiasm for the .common good tliey work to make inventions, to diffuse* knowledge and- lift
mankind to -a higher plane. | -.Every
day they are offering something new
to mankind, every day they enable
their fatherlands to enable some (bet
terments, more" riches, more.power.
Then comes .war. s'In six months the
generals, have destroyed the "fruits - of*
twenty years of end-e'avor, of patience,
of genius, hut this merely means not
to fall into a -most deplorable materialism.-' '" -■ * ■ .-. .-. . j.* -_',
^.          - ,
Ah! what do»we see in warhut'that
men -become (brutes and'fools?:-We
see them kill for the,, mere pleasure
of killing, causing terror for the mere
pleasure of demonstrating their rare
courage. And (because right no5 longer
exists, because law is dead and all notions of justicerhave disappeared, \^e
see innocent 'people shot to death who
are discovered walking on the.street
and suspected of being enemies merely (because they show-,fear. . We-see
men kill dogs chained to the' doors, of
their masters in order to try some new
klnd'-of revolver; we see chttle shot in
the fields, and' ex-plosions of different
kinds of arms for simple exercise ani
amusement. All this but signifies not
to fall into a most deplorable materialism. ^ i
To invade a country, to cut tho
throat of, n man who but defends his
home, to kill another man -because he
does not wear tho same kind of a coat
or has on his head a different,sort of
cap, to iburn the lodgings of the poor
and miserable who do not' even hava
bread to eat, -to destroy -.furniture" or
steal small articles, to drink up the
wine f-ound in the cellars and allow
the rest to flow, away, to violate women and girls met on the street, to reduce to cinders.-property worth millions and leave ihehlnd- them misery
and the cholera. This but -means not
to fall into a most deplorable material-
Ism: i -   •   '
' Yet what have these' apostles .donor'
to show^theiiv intelligence?   Nothing:--*
JVhat.have.'they, invented?   Cannon*-"~:
and>ifleslJhatJs',*all.;.-Was not the-',
inventor, of .the wheelbarrow, who -Mt ,..
upon the simple and practical idea bf- -
adjusting "a ■jyheel ibetween two piece*. ■*
of wood," of much more value to mankind than all these inventors of lnstru- -i
menisof war?. ,;
,. What remaifls of ancient- Greece?
Books, marbles. ■ .Was Greece great ibo.
cause-of its -wars, or -because.of the
production of its peaceful genius? Did
the invasion of, Greece by the Persians
prevent it from falling Into a most de-'
plorable, materialism?  (Was lt the in-"
vasion of the .barbarians.which saved
and regenerated'Rome? Did Napoleon '
the First cause to continue the great,,
intellectual movement which had ibeen
initiated by the| philosophers .at the
end of tho previous century?,        •    .-,
„Now, since; the rulers arrogate to -
themselves tho right of life and death
over the peoples, is it any wonder that
the   peoples   themselves   sometimes-
make use of the ■ same right' against
the rulers?   They defend thomslves
and they "are right In'so doing. No ono
has the right to govern another.   The
good of all should be the sole criterion:
of rule.
And tho ruler has the same duty to
avoid a war as the captain of a*shlp
hns to avoid shipwrecks. If any captain of a ship loses his ship through
his own fault,-he Is condemned for"
negligence' and incapacity. ■ Why
should we ifot judge and condemn a
ruler who -brings about a war? '
i ^\\
Woman Under Socialism
A Victoria, B. C, Comrade asks:
Under Socialism, what kind of reform
will there be for Women? They are
slaves of the slaves now. What will
their lot be then? Please answer
through Cotton's.
-To understand the future .position of
woman we must understand her present -position-and her past position, in
the light of economic determinism. For
'woman's position is not what it was,
nor is it what it will be.
In the past woman was the plaything
or drudge of man. Man ruled supreme.
In the anarchy in Europe which followed the inroads of the Gothsil Vandals and Huns, in the rise of the
Frankish 'and Germanic tribes from'
wandering nomads to settled tillers,
force was the arbiter of destinies. -The
strong tribe with powerful swords robbed and pillaged the other tribes'. In
such a condition woman was put in the
background." She*became the prey and
gave wealth, and woman did'not wield
the sword. ■
Then the tribes became settled and
pillage gave place to tillage. The warlike leaders .became dukes and nobles
and owners of estates, counties, .kingdoms. 'The tillers of the soil became
the serfs of the masters, and the women were the drudges on the estates.
The men had no vote, no political power, and the women were Btill further
degraded by being considered the inferior of man. Ideas die hard. The
momentum of a system carries the
Ideas of that system on .when the or-
original impulse is dead. The weaker
strength of the woman could not-very-
well''be exploited in war. Therefore
economic determinism shoved her to
one side in a warlike age. But when
wnr gave place to feudal security, the
woman, while exploited and robbed
along with tho serf, was still considered inferior. Such ideas still hold sway
ln the heads of reactionary, archaic
'brains like those of Laurier and Borden and Roblin,
Feudalism has given place to capitalism, and the status of woman has
changed. The economic interests of
the 'master' class Is freeing woman
from hoing the slave of tho slave.
ULA'ti,  WtJHKLhtt
:t  i
Tho pftt-uUnr flcetoral sysl-tm In <I<kr-
mnny, whnroby tho HorlnHnts nro Jt-s-pt
from Hocurlnit control of many stitns
nml TminiriniilltlPK \n wt»U nhnwn In
Tho thr-f-o-chiRii voting systom U in
voruu htrn in tlio municipal olr.ctlons,
while "nnn man* ono voto" Is tho rjilo
Itt tho national rlnrtlons. Thus Colopno
Is represented in thn lllnchstng by a
HoclallHt though thero is not ono So-
-clullet In Ui'  city council.
Tho ar«a of tlio rity Is about SO.OOO
ner-f-s. nnd th<> niimhor of thlrd-rlaaK
-el-1-etor* W»i>0. Thf voting must nil'
bo dono at n few polling places fn tho
contro of the city, whlrh rloso at S
p.m. on tlm first dny's balloting, snd At
<i p.m. on tho ftt-tcond da>'« ballotlnu,
tho olp-ctlon -pxt-fwilnjc over thriv* Attyn.
TIiIh makos it Impossible for mnny of
Uiu v-iorniiiK mon to out thulr ballot.
—i'arty Uulldor.
Thoro should he n Yoiijia' I'coplcV
Socialist Loagun in overy city In tlio
nation. Young peoplo aro n vftliuutjlo
addition to tho movcinont a» thoy possess tho energy and enthusiasm ho iio-
ccssary to push our work in tho pro-
por manner. Any locnl will he fully
rcpttlil fnr nny i-ffnrt *»^pr»nrtpd fn rlifk
A ynuwf iioofilh'H d«i|Mirtnn>ji» h;n
bmi <-K.nlt!l«ht'd ln th« nntloi.M of.
flro of tho Socialist Party. Droit n
letter today to J. A. Itocuis, m X.
Mnrfcft Htrwtt, ChlesRO, and Instrtic-
tlontk on how to orKaiiUu thn young
p-f-nplo will lu* »pnt you.
Women In the Present
The feudal system tied the worker
to tho soil. The capitalist Bystem frees
tho worker from all 'bondage lu appear-
unco, and gives him tho ai>paront right
to do as ,110 pleases. But man has certain needs if ho wishes to livo. 'Tie
must have food, clothing and uholter.
Thn capitalists control tho food, clothing and shelter of the working claws,
Thoy control tho places whore tho
food, clothing and sholter of the workors nro producod. The workers therefore must go to the mnstor class to
got these things. The masters drlvo
a hard bargain. Thoy say, "Lmbor for
uh long ns you cnn onch day and glvo
uh nil tho wealth you produco nnd wo
will give you enough food, clothing and
sliollor to koop you alive whilo you nro
working." This porpotuatcs slavory.
Tho workors through huiigor must go
to tho niiiHtor clans nnd soil thcmBolvos
Into bondage) day hy day, wook by
wook, iuul your by yoar,
-Now tho nialo slave hns tho unhappy faculty of wanting a wlfo and chll-
droii. iConso«|uotitly tlio master class
havo to .pay thoir mnrriod holp moro
thnn tliolr slngln hG-tp, A man whon
ho tnltflft a job wants enough pay to
mnrry on, If ho Is a married mnn, nnd
has to provldo for his wlfo and cliU-
dron, ho must hnvo enough pay to food,
clothu nnd sholter his family. Tho
Blavo must food his fomalo slavo whom
ho calls wlfo.
A woman, liowovor, whon sho sookr-i
a jab, hns only horsolf to support. Bho
Ionics forward to marrying somo man
nnd having hint support her.   So hor
l-tni*   I.i   tani-orl   tt**.   Iltr,   nlnr-trt   llfr. f'Vf-
| K-otsiwliat sho cnn livo on nlono,
I ho Uio masters employ lemnio
i ulavt-B. Tlif.Jr pay Is la an. Tlioro ls
! moro profit to tho ownors of cnpltnl.
i SIjAVH OF THK SLAVE.   I'roaehers
i |iH(il;u hMUihl Ult-i lliiiiMUU fit 'ntilliiili
In Industry. Old fashioned pooplo cry
nloud that tho placo of the woman is
In tho homo. Tho capitalist class rn-
tcntlonsly tonr womon out of tlio homn.
Tho capitalist class, being tho owners
of tlio means of Hfo, can forco tho
slavo class, tnnlo and fomalo, to do
- thinr will,
j Womon, therefore, ore replacing
men Iu linluatrfM,   Th^y work chttiv
] it than JHtn.  And thoy support thorn-
This ha» a twofold offo<t, In tbo
competition for Johs, women am gr-t-
tin* moro Jobs snd displacing mm.
<>,mjw*-UUon among m«n for thc re
maining jobs (becomes keener. The
price is lowered. And men take the
jolbs at the lesser- price, -because the
women that would otherwise"'' have
been their wives are now furnishing
■profit direct to the masters, and the
■men remain single. If is-easily to be
seen how this benefits the capitalist
■class. Instead of employing and skinning one male' worker to whom they
m-ust give enough wages to support
.himself and a female slave and the
children to come, the master has a
female slave as well as a' male slave
■producing profits for him, and he has
to_ pay the male slave a single man's
wages only. ■ The capitalist i class, in
their insane rush for profits, are breaking up homes liy the thousands.
But -men are .men and women are
women. The sexual desire is strong.
Wherefore "men seek women outside
the marriage -bond. -Houses of, prostitution are established, and sexual de-
This further reduces women's wages,
for she can in many cases be hired for
less than a living wage. She is supposed to make up the balance by selling herself to "her gentleman friends.
Tins .pleases the capitalist class, for it
makes the wages they pay to their female slaves .below the cost of living.
■Profits are enlarged to the joy of the
master cla^s. Dividends rise and Borden and Laurier tell of our marvelous
iBorden and -Laurier, Rotolin and McBride and Goulin and the 'other ■political henchmen of the capitalist dlass
■who make and maintain laws to ad-
vance the interests of the private owners of capital are the chief producers
of white slavers, while slaves, Immorality and sexual disease.
The Future^ Woman According to
Reformers, v  '
Such are the conditions at present.
If a change is not 'brought about, human society is headed for the scrap
heap.   Baribarism faces us again.
Tho capltnllst reformers seo where
wo are heading. , They see that prostitution taking the place of the mar-
•rlhgo bond and the female slave being
exploited In tho factory Instead of pro-
serving the race by raising children,
will causo society to disintegrate. The
falling Wrth-rato is alarming the far-
soelng capitalists, Tho "birth-rate declined flrBt in France (Franco always
Booms to load tho world). Now tho
birth-rate ln Gormnny and England and
Ontario ond tho Unltod States has declined,
Wherefore wo find tho cry going up
to abolish Immorality, If the working
class produco no moro ohlldron, tho
slavoB of the future will not ho on tho
market whon tho present BlavoB nro
too old to work.
In ancient Rome, the Roman nrmlos
■went forth to oomiuor, Thoy conquered Frankish tribes and Soythlans.
Thoy brought Ihelr captives to Itomo
to hn sold. Whon Sardinia was conquered so many Sardinian slaves woro
thrown on tho slitvo mnrkot of Itomo
that no ono would buy.
Lifo bocanifi chonp In Homo and In
the othor slavo markets. So chonp was
it that the slaves woro klllod In tlio
arenas. Thoy woro torn hy lions, trampled hy olophants, or klllod'fighting
ono anothor.
Ori this continent Ufa has boon
chonp. Hordes of Immlsrants havo
heen pouring Into Now York, .Montreal
and othor industrial centres. As pagan Homo fed slavo lives to hoiiBts, ho
Christian Amorlca and Canada havo
fed lives to profits. If a mino Wow up
nnd klllod a hundred slaves, if rook
fell on them and crushed thorn or if
thoy died -poisoned In tho slums ot
Amwlcan nnd Canadian cities, what,
mnttorad?   .J'lonty mora came.
Those Immigrants drained Europe
T^IIV^NO    1**19    ItlfltiYt     ?t\r,4fl     ..--Hl-i      ll      ?,,*ll*rr
-hlrtli-rnto nnd Immonso emlKratlon.
IWieruforo Austria forbids hor subjects to como to Canada. Wherefore
Lloyd Ooorfro warns British slaves not
to como to "-barren Connda." Ho witnts
thorn to stay nt htimo whoro British
labor Dklnnors can rob thorn.
■nm um hum ol Cniistta, Uiorolnro,
lmvo to look to brooding their own
slaves, They nro wnfclng. Thoy want
conservation of tlio human race. Just
as thn Southern planters hrod nogTO
Hluvfs, ro tito Canadian capitalists
want U) brood whlto slaves.
This Is tho explanation of snrh pho-
iiomcim ii« thi- appointment ot Judgo
Choquet, or Montreal, ovor ft Juvenile
court. Tli! -, hi tjiu i!fci>I,unulou of l\U
horrified cvjirohhlons wh«n young f Iris
who havo ifono wrong como before
him. Hf think-s It Is his morsl *finti-
menls which at a aroused. Itea-lly It Is
tho realization hy him that such con-
d««t of vtr;, ;.^inB /rlrls will cat!** the
wage slave class to fail his masters,
■that'makes him horrified,
' .Capitalist reformers" .like .Choquet
are busy trying to remedy some of
the worst evils of capitalism. They
want women to be mothers. They
want workers to have a living' wage.
-They want slums abolished. All these
they want so the workers will be
stroner and 'better fit to produce surplus values for the master class:
'   Women Under Socialism
The lot of women under -Socialism
will be far different. She will be free..
-Her equality with man will .be recognized. The workers will own' and run
industry for themselves. -Plenty for
all will -be assured. There .will he no
slavery.       " .-"
' Woman will he economically, free.
She will not Ibe'robbed if she is a producer of wealth, And she will be provided' for liberally as a mother.
'Socialism means sex equality as well
as economic liberty. If woman is economically ibound to mau, she ls not free.
AVe must recognize the right of a
woman to marry whom she will. W-e
■must recognize her' right to comfort
and freedom from worry .while she is
about to become a mother and during
the infancy of her children.
.Under Socialism 'woman will not be
.the slave of any master,'nor of any-
Production for use instead of production for profit will work a profound
change in the status of woman. Prostitution will be swept away, Loveless
marriages for a home will no longer
exist. The double standard of morality will disappear.
Woman will he the equal, the friend,
the companion of man, free to choose
her life mate or free to live single if
she so desire.—Cotton's Weekly.
By J. A. Rogers, Jr,
What future have you young men
and womon of the working class who
aro just entering ulion tho real work
of Hfo? What pre juration, havo you
for tlw (big work which lays boforo
Though father, and perhaps mothor
also, lubored nil his lifo piling up'
wealth ao that the ohlldron ot othors
might livo in mansions, you boys and
girls of tho working class woro forced to livo tn the poorest of homes,
SometlmoB tho plpcou -In which you
llvod could hardly bo called1 homes,
Whilo fftthor was grinding out dol-
tarn for somo Idle capitalist to clotho
his children In furs and silks, hts own
llttlo onoB had linroly enough to cover
thoir bodies,
Whon father tolled from oarly morn
till Into at night providing tho children
with tho 'boat of foods tho stomachs of
hts own children woro onipty.
- iBocauso ho children of tho fow woro
thus bolng supported,,hy father, you
hnd to suffer, Bocauso you laoked tho
propor homo surroundings, you hnd
no plnco and no incontlvo to study.
What you lonnidd you had to grasp
w'nllo in school, TincnuHo you woro
not properly clothed you lind to stay
away from Hchool much of tho tlmo.
riocauso your stomachs woro empty
your (brain did not havo tlio strength
nocossnry to stand tlio strain of study,
You wore taken from school at-tho
oarllcBt possible moment and sont Into
tho -roln-OH, tho mills nntl tho factor!os
to holp In securing ouough lo keep tho
family imroly alive,
But the -children of those whom hnd
glvon tlm host pari of hiii lifo \wi private nurses, governesses And tutors.
Th«V  worn  eio-nt   tn -prlvntn (hnnriH-nf
schools and taught by the -host of
Utvct'icio, Mimr Um. luui iintilimi
tliolr preparatory training they cMer-
od tho colleges and universities. They
novor worried about whoro the noxt
monl would como from and never folt
tlio snow comliiK through tho bottom
ui lu-ou tiuuut, >»ivj'.i iiisfii ft'CHiu titer)' opportunity to develop all thoir
faculties, Thoy had tlio best of training.
Do you think you wero glvon n fair
start In entering life's raco with such
a competitor? Do you think It right to
enter n hundred yard dash nnd glvo
>our opimnom. llfty yards lead? Why
shouldn't you hnvo nil tho training
nc-cc^sary to Kt) yu fur IIfc'»i work, Ju*i
as tho (ihlldreu of tho capitalist now
has? Why should you labor so that
another may hsv« all tho <r«se and
luxuries of lifo. while you nre forced
to do without Tiee-pssltif-s, just as yonr
father htm dor(-c7   Ikffl't you think il
time that a system of society- ought to
be abolished which makes such'a condition possible?
'Rebel against such conditions. Relbel
in the way in which it will do the most
good. Join the Socialist -movement
and fight with your working class 'brothers and sisters to forever end. such
conditions. . Get into the struggle for
a new society where every youth, will
have the same opportunities, where
poverty, vice and ignorance. will be
things of- the past and life will blossom forth in-all its -beauty.
In tho Young People's Socialist
League you will ibe given an opportunity to secure the education which
has .'been denied you. In the leagues
you will toe able to enjoy yourself in a
social way with other young folk of
the working class. The future lays
with'-you. You csSh. make of it what
you will. Get into the Socialist -move-
.ment.      ' '
members, sold a great quantity of literature, and took up some very liberal
collections. Some of the meetings were
held in churches and schools.
(The troupe divide's the work. Pendleton acts"" as advance agent," arranging l'all details several weeks ahead.
When they enter a town, one gets a
line on the editors, another visits the
■preachers, etc.. A house-to-house canvass of the town is" made. The result
ds tremendous meetings1 everywhere.—
Party- Builder.
VThe Socialists of California are beginning their work for the congressional elections next year.' A call has been
sent out-'by- State Secretary Williams
to all locals -in the state to nominate
tlieir candidates for the Senate, -As-
-V/VUfa* CiJOj^
in Hi=.i«nl-»iii *n_
tions on how to proceed with the work.
- An information department has -been
established at the state headquarters
to'furriish information of a local nature
for use -in the campaign. .Information
will ,-be' given to anyone desiring it,
whether Socialists or not.
J. Stitt 'Wilson,'Norman W. Pertdlo-
ton,.,T." S. Cato and Prudence Stokes
Brown'are touring the state together,
doing a tremendous work. Williams,
state secretary of the -party,' tells of
■being' with them two days,, during
■which time thoy held Bix meetings,
addressed 2,000  people,  took in  43
Slaves ,'Were <at one time -black in
color. fSut now' they generally- come
white. They are of all ageB—from ten
years up—and are'very useful, not only because of their labors,„*but also,
from the fact that they -furnish ow ,,-
leading -magazines  with- articles to   ,
'supplementJheir advertisements, and'
our, clergymen With topics for their,
sermons.    '","--'.: -" t    ,   .
'''Ht was thought at one tlme-,that"
slaves, might, go out, but, it having ,.
been.' demonstrated that they,are,ne- .
cessary-for the maintenance of-.Chris- ■
tian ideal's, tliey/have -become .more
firmly-established than ever:       -
sold-in-market places by "private 'meu -
of -means, at retail.".- Now that they. '\
are employed'by wholesale'and. foster-1 '
ed -by the government, this practice
has -gone out.,.     '■
There-is another difference -between
tlie" old-time slavo and the one-of today
which might be mentioned. The,old-
time slave knew that he was a slave.
The slave of today doesn't'know'It.'
He thinks.-ho Is free, it having 'been '
discovered that when a-slave ll lab'oi;*
ing under this "delusion he- can do
about twice as much work.—Tho La-
„bor World, Duluth.
the product of a well-known shoo factory
and while ovory attention has boon given
to fashion and design, tho hygionic feat-,
ures of shoe construction havo not beon
neglected, This model is mado in Volour
calf with low, flat heols, hand welted,
straight laced and invisiblo oyolots. Tho,
STYLE, '     ..
PRICES - $4.50 to $6,00
Sold only by
Tho Fornlo Sho© Specialist!
P. Carosella
Choicest Wines, Spirits, Beer and
.Pinrn Vftnr -nrrt/ir for -rMirlnt-mnq ' anrtv nnd nvnM -rlolnv nnd iH-nn^t-mlnt.
merit.,. Kou and bottle Door, tho Famous Fort-Stoolo Brow.
Choice Fresh Groceries
Pure Olive Oil
Baker Ave      -        Fernie, B. C.
Opposite the C.P.R. Tracks
•'■ 1
"   r It -       i   • ',.
I  . * I.H..  *      -**. ** *        ■■■-   -* -
m* —. fc ■-^W^-W-^iy ■W^t-jp-'jlp _rf -v^«*y -myA
i>i       i     <,,
One of the
G. J. ECKSTORM      Prop;
Lethbridge,. Alta.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
\ Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
For otir ForeigrttBrothers
Beware of5
_ JSold on the
t*!c'K *•>■** Merits of
wToccjucMRDstolB Minard s
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
) •■■
Liquor Go.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay £»
Vse  organizirano   delavstvo  po'jde.y
stavko, da prisili barone premoga do
- " kapitulacije,1  Vojno stanje v stavko-
.vnern okro^jg.
, Denver, Colo.. 31. okt. — Fr. Hayes,
•podpredsednlk United- Mine Workers
of America, je isjavil tuuaj, da -bo raz-
glaSen -splosnt Strajk po vseh industri-
jah v driavi, ako se operatorji premo-'
ga v ju?,nem Coloradu ne udajo in no
privolijov sestanek z zastopniki 8000
premogarjev, ki so na strajku.,. The
Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, koje
lastnik je-milijai'der John D. Rockefeller, je do sedaj odklonila vsako besedo
za dogovor in.zavrnila je celo ponudbe
giivernerja Ammonsa, kateri je slmSal
posredovati. .To je jasen dokaz, da
hotie Rockefeller povsem unl&ltl pre-
mogarsko organlzacljo v Coloradu.
Guverner Amnions je 28. okt. pro-
glasil vojno stanje v stavkarskem ok-
roiju ln odredll mllico na lice mesta.
Izjavil je tudi, da pojde sam tjekaj,
kjer too na Celu m-lH5arjev sknbel za
red, Dalje je guverner .obvestil opera-
torje, da on nlkakor ne dovoli, da bl
oni (operatorji) -izrabljali millco v
svrho zaSiite Strajkolomcev. PovelJ-1
nlk milice, adjutant general -Chase Ima
od guvernerja nalogo, da razoboro&l
iprivatne strainlke, ozlroma najete huj-
skarje, iu premogarje. kl so na sumu,
da imajo oro2je.
Trinidad, Colo., 1. nov. — Cela armada .miliearjev je dofoila povelje, da
gro v Ludlow, .najveSjo kolonijo Strajkarjev v okroSju in'skusa razoroiltl
privatne puSkarje in premogarje. Zastopniki stavkarjev in operatorjev so
edini v tem, da oddajo oroBje, ako 'ho
■milica protl obema strankama posto-
pala -enako. Premogarji so popolnoma
zadovoljni s tern in razoroSenje In od-
slovitev -prlvatnih puSkarjev je prva
zmaga za unijo. -
-V krvavih spopadih med -prlvatnimi
puSkarji v slu2bi kraljev premoga In
premogarji zadnjih \par tednov je ibilo
ubitih 18oseb In veliko' -ranjenih. Tako
poroca kapitallstlSrio caaopisje in ko-
liko je resriice na tem," se ne ve.
Slove,nski_ delavci Sirom Amerike,
cuvajte se, agentov, ki bi- Vas mord-a
vabili v Colorado! iTamognji premogarji—-kakor rudarji v Micliiganu —
Ibijejo knit--boj •za izbolsanje • svojih
delovnih razmer in zmaga jim je za-
gotovljena; ako vsi delavci drSijo xoke
prop, od do-tiCnega okro2ja,
Full supply of following
for an appetizing meal to
choose from.
Beet Pork, Mutton
Poultry, Butter
and Eggs
Try our Cambridge 8«us.
ages for tomorrow's break*
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone SO Wood 8treet
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Deal-
•■ '■ ■'    .   /
ers in all kindsof Roug-h
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Hone** for Salo.
Buya Horses on Commlalon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Lodger" adv. Is an
List of Locals District 18
Namo 8tic. and P, O, Addreaa "
Banlchoad... ...,p. Whoutloy, IJanWiond, All'n,
Tlnnvnr Prnntr t  t n,,,.*    *n . .   .   r*     ■*      	
n  .. '•  —-r*.o-'.*."i «-..n.i   -wjc-n,   ua i. lUbUk't, 4Hl«.
■UflllOVHO ,Tnmnn [invito, Tift* M, IXr-Wovno  Altn
lllttlrmorq. w. L. Wvanfl, Hlnlrmoro, Alta.
Durmla.. .> t. G. Harriett, PiwBlwrg, Altn.      ,
Carbondale , j. Mltcholl, Carlondalo, Coloman, Alta.
Cnnmoro ..,.*, Michael War ron, Cnnmoro, Altn.
Colomnn ,T, Jolinstono, Colomau, Alta.
,!„..!,,„ 9     -, „	
--v. ...•.,.....■,.,,,,,, ,».   jiju-.,,   VUlUlIt,    »>,   *0,
Chinook Mlnoa ,Tn». Hornet; Chinook, via Diamond City, A.Ita.
Diamond City,...,.,, .1. E. Thornhlll, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo,
Pernio Thos, Uphill, Pernio, D, C.
P«"»l« Wvnn Morgan, Prank, Alta.
Hosmor, W, Ilnldoratono, Mourner, 11/ C.
iriltoraat ,....Jn8. Gorton, IflllorMt, Alta.
Lnfhhrfdsro t., Xtoorc, 1731 fllxth Avenue, :»'. IjotlibrldBo.
Lothbrldgo Colllaripa..Prank nnrrlnglmm, Coalliurit, Altn.
.Maplo Lout T. «. Harries, Pttosburg. Alta.
Mlfh6'  H, rimer, Michel, B. C,
Monarch Mine Wm. llynd, Klcnn V. b„ Taber, Altn.
Paaaburs. ,,., T. G, Hnrrlea, Paaahurg, AJta.
Hoyal VJow ,Ooo. Jordan, Royal Colllerlea, Lcthbrldse, Alta.
Tabor, a. Pattonon, Taber, Alta.
Indlrektnlm potom obljubljajo osemur-
ni delavnik in reform! ran je plaSllne
, lestvibe. Po drugi strani pa napen-
jajo zadnje strune, da bi z-nasiljem
unicil! stavko. Na trgih zmanjkuje
Calumet, Mich., 1. nov. — Carji,'bakra- so napeli za'-inje strune, da bi imi-
6111 stavko ;in ipometll unijo iz okrozja.
Zavzell so taktiko mekslkanskega ti-
rana Huerte, ki svoje nasprotnike eno-
sta^'iio 'pome5e v je5o, tako da bo
kmalu pol Meksike v jefiah. Zapiranje
stavkarjev In njilio\ih Zen ter simpa-
tizantov je na dnevnem redu. "V zadnjih desetih dneh je bilo aretiranih okrog 250 stavkarjev in njihovih zen. Sa-
,ino v Allduezu in Hohawku je bilo zaprtih 206 stavkarjev. Seveda skoraj vsi
aratiranci so tak-oj oprosceni — neka-
terl.pod va'rs5<;ino — ker dokazati se
jim ne more ni5 zloCinskega. Aretacijo
vr§«-ve^Sidel Waddellove barabe in do-
'mafit defputlji, ki so zvesti hlapci kom-
panlje in kakor krvni psi prezijo, kje
In kako bl'se §e bolj odlikovali in pril-
iznili svojim ibossom,
'Spri-tSo vseh teh .barbarskih poftetij
se pa fitrajlcarji neomahljivo borijo dalje. Jutranje parade, obhodi in shodi se
redno ponavljajo. In ravno -to je; kar
skuSajo baroni bakra' zatreti. Pike-
tiranje se vr§l kljub^sodni prepovedl
in to daje povod kapltalistiCim -biri-
Cem, da zapirajo delavce na deibelo.
Druibe bl rade z In. i in z
zvIjaCaml zanesle razdor med Strajkar-
je. Calumet & Hecla Co., katera je
najela lokalne trgovce, da opravljajo
slu2bo pomirjevalnih agentov v-Skodo
unije, obljublja osem >urno delo takoj
■po novem letu in reformiranje plafiilne
lestvlce. KakSna.bo ta plafilla lest-
vl-ca in lcollko je datl na slguronost teh
obljulb, to je seveda drugo vpraSanje.
Stavkarji seveda niso doblli nobenlh
direktnlh ponud'b oddru^b, zato pa ne
dajo dostl na te -ponudbe. Znacilno je,
da je 'mogoCna C. & H. sedaj zadovol-
jna z osemurhim delavnikom, ki je eno
glavnih zahtev unijskih rudarjev. To
se smatra kot del zmage za rudarje,
kljub temu, da s© dru&be se neCejo po-
dati v resno. razipravo z reprezentanti
unije glede tega.
Skebje dohajajo, kolikor jih morajo
drufcbe nalovlti. Sedaj je znano, da
iinaijo dru2be, zlastl Calumet & Hecla,
glazn-o gnezdo za lov na skebe v Chica-
gu. Jim McNaughton ima stotlne
agentov v, Chicago, ki se klatijo po
agenturah za dobavo dela in.po ulicah
in-i§5ejo, kje morejo koga vjetl za
skelbarljo. Zadnji teden sta peljala
dva poselbna vlaka po Northwestern
2eleznici skebe v bakreno okroJje.
Vlaka sta bila zastrazena po kompan-
ijsklh ibara'bah kalcor da peljejo hudo-
delce; na vsakih vratih vagona,-sta bila
dva stra2nika oboro2ena do zdb in pa-
zila, da ne bi skebje med potjo u§li, all
da s© jim ne bi pribliSal kdo in- jih
opozoril na stavko. Skebje -prihajajo
tudi po drugih zeleznicah. ' Predzadn-
ji petek jo vozil pose-bni vlak South
Lake Shore Zeleznice dva vagona ske-
ibov in ko je vlak dospel pod Quincy
Hill blizo 'Houghton, zafiele so poka-
ti puske iz zasede in streljanje se je
nadaljevalo' skoraj tri Cetrt milje o.b
zeleznici. NesreSe ni bilo nobene, le
okna na vagonih so fblla vsa zdrobl-
jena od krogel.,
"29. oktose je prifielo zasliganje devet-
rih Hrvatov, k-i so obto2eni, da so sok-
rivci umora-deputija Pollacka. UpatI
je, da ibodo rudarji lahko dokazali svojo nedo!2nost, ker dokazi so, da je Pollack padel od krogle, katero je izstre-
lil ipokojni MarlnlC, potem ko ga je Pollock smrtno ranil.
Hullo, Glefkenweir!
A.. Neil Lyons in the London Daily
- '        Herald
I was seated .with Dr. Brink—you
have 'heard of Dr, Brink—in his Bov
ingdon street,surgery, drinking iwine;
or wines, when a series of ill-judged
Interruptions proclaimed tbat somebody was standing on tlie front door
step, be-low our window, and sought
admission to the doctor'B surgery,
"Never jnind," said Dr, Brink—(tout
how unconscientious! How untypical!
How umEngllsh! How unmedlcal!')
—"Never mind. Let him T>ang again;
Have another go at Palestine,"
You see, wo wero proving and- ex-
■perioivclng threo distinct kinds of inexpensive whito wine. Wo had opened
flngona, respectively, of Australian
Moselle,- Cnllfornlan Hock and Pales"
tine Snu-torne. We were conducting a
solemn and conscientious investigation. It was to be what tho motor car
-manufacturers call "a test to destruction."
With u-norrliiR Instinct I ha'd pinned
my faith to the Palestine Sauteme,
All tho fine emotions come from
Tint Dr, Brink, who was a sworn Progressive, hnd Rlveit his support to tho
Cnllfornlan product. He began to
talk nbout ciumls, I, on tho other
hand, kept asking him questions
nbout pork. Dr.'-Drink nt Inst bocamo
wonry, nnd 'tho vlaltor on tho doorstop
having begun to ahout, tho doctor
'begged mo to find thnt person nnd
conduct nn Inquiry of first Instnnce,
This I did.
Tho visitor's mirno wns Taylor. Mr,
Taylor's manner wns -hostile, and not
vory cnlm. It appeared thnt Mr, Taylor
wns n married mnn nnd that his con-
'fodornto In tho stnto of matrimony hnd.
ontnn tinned rood and- wns now indls-
poBod. IMr. Tnylor hnd accordingly
imrtnlcon ot n'lcohpl—a filthy habit
■vrnetlBod iby porsons of Mr, -Taylor's
low olnss—nnd hnd now como to de-
-maud, with noise nnd menacoH, tho
l-mmo(l,lalw nttondanco of Dr. Drink,
.who was Ills wlfo's lognlly a-corcdltnd
advisor In mnttorn of hygiene,
Whon I oponod tho door, Mr. Tnylor
wns gesticulating. Ho hold in his
hand, nnd u'bova his head, a hiiiiiII,
pink enrrt, which hn wn« flourishing
In a milliner calculate^ to oxclto nt-
tontlon. Ho wiih nlso ropontlng, with
grim persistence, tho word "HoyI"
Thn door lining opened to him, Mr.
Taylor arrostod IiIh pink enrd In midnight, nnd, regarding mo flnrcoly, ho
"Ya'vo como, thon, yn ln«y beggar.
Why didn't you como nl onco?"
%*m*tt9m (.J***-, +t C* am«m its 99i   -ft.*** t9 *f B
L>uiiuu> a on iiiOii apuiu
;    by Coughing    \
A dose of Mntliieu'a Syrup
of Tar uiul Cod Liver Oil token
before leaving for church will
i    .   <i  i        • ■<•
-....'-.-wrf*     %^*-4-*     *i>*^,M     *,*,^sl...»« |^
This preparation net* an a
tonic na well «• a couuh cure
and its une noon enable* the
ayilem to throw olT all algus
of cold.
Keep it In the house—
Urge UiUle ^c nt ail dealer*, (
,f. I*. MATI1IFII TO.,  Pntp.,
Shrrbrookn, l*.<J.
■rJ—UnlKlttt'tl/irtltti l-ftflrTt tim lutut.
arkt, ,-«-! -l/.f.il Jim.   Imntlw-ili  ),r
frtrtli.h iti&t fa (alu t<> l«MlH lull,
tlMlHit *mg»*    IW Imt tf, II fltttltrt I
I explained tbat I was otherwise ocj
cupied at -the time. *
"Ya was, iwas ya?"' retorted Mr.
Taylor. - "That's a nice thing, that is,
a man's wife dying, her, stomaon
swelled to twice its natural size, and
all the neighbors out, and a man
-comes round to fetch ya, witb the
-card in is 'and, all according to lor,
and ya're 'Hother.wise hoccupied.
Haw! Haw! Come out. The woman
may bo dead be now."
"I'll 'come -witb' -pleasure," I responded, "if you think I could be
use'ful. But 'hadn't you much better
have the doctor?"
"Ain't you the doctor?"   ,
■For reply, I went to the foot of tho
stairs and 'whistled, when Dr. Brink
deseonded thorn.
"Are you the doctor?" demanded
Mr, Tnylor, .Dr. Brink admitted that
he wns.
"Thon, this is n nice thing," continued his visitor, A man's •wife
dyln', hor stomach nil swolled up, Uio
neighbors all out, and when yn'ro
willed for, ya—"
"What nddross?" snm the doctor,
Tho visitor, thus abbreviated,' bo-
enmo confused and thoughtful. Ho
looked first nt tho doctor, then at
your servant, then nt his hoots, nnd
thou nt his llttlo pink card,
■At Inst, bo Hnld, In a volco that wns
almost gentle: "I—I .think It's *Bay-
liam street, doctor; HI Dayham street.
Namo of Tnyloi\"
"Righto!1* exclaimed tho doctor.
"I'll got -my boots on,"
Whilo ho wns getting them on, Mr,
Tnylor went nwny. Tho doctor, having equipped himself and collected
nn dm-otlc, thon took my nnm nnd wo
walked to Daylinm utroot. Wo ox-
amliicd Baylmm streot carefully, hut
could discern no habitation numbered
111. Wo accordingly Instituted Inquiries, (Thoso, nt lust, rnwltod In tho (lis-
covory that tho houso to which Mr,
Tnylor referred wus No. 13. llut nobody iiiunod Tnylor now lived thoro,
A man nnmod Tnylor hnd llvod there,
Imt ho hnd removed In Juno nnd wna
now bollovml to occupy n residence on
thn othor Hlito of tho rlvor,"
"Undor thoBn olrcuniHtnncos," mild
Dr. Hi'Jnk, "wo—"
Hero I ivokn up. You see, I lind
wrltton nil tho preceding letterpress
In my sleep.
It Isn't ofton thnt I 'perform nn net
ho foolish ns tn work in my dinner
hour: but thorn woro -extenuating clr-
eumstnncoH In thiH enso. 1 hnd -boon
rending the London owning imperii.
In the Evening News 1 found the
following report of nn nctunl Incident
which hnd ecoiirrod in Ixmdon:
l'i ti Si,ci  inlin,] initiuiilo Ij-uliiivu IKK)
this it wiiHt plnrn \\\tt flr-ir-torf. In n
moat difficult position. ,Tunt -horniisn
you pny n few pence n weok you
Imagine thnt n doctor In to be ordered nbout llko n dog nt nny moment
of tho dny or night,'
"Them- words wero annkein Inilnv H,v
tho ■t-lcrkcnwell rwitfl-stnito to Fred
Tnylor, Hnyhnm street, Cnmden Town,
who wns Hiimmonod nt tho Instnnco
of Dr. IHelinrd Htnrkey, Onkloy
squnre, St. Pancrns, for using abusive
"Dr. fltnrkey'H itory wan that nt
nililnle-hf on S»t)f«»mbor II ihi*ro wni
a vlokiut knorkliiir at his door, nc-
eompnnlr-d by shouting.
"An»y>i-iiiiK thu dour himself h»<
saw tho defendant in n drunken con-
dltlen, Minuting and brnndlkhing n
"'Whnt I* It all nbout?' the wttncnji
'"Xov»r n-iliid -nliai it"* all about:
you've,got',to.come with me,' saldthe^
man.' . ,.V."''     .
•. " '■WTiere?' "the doctor asked. '■>■-..
• " "'Never mind where; you'vefgot to
como at once,' th© man shouted. -  -
"The doctor did not, know him, but
ultimately the defendant gave an address at Bayham street, where h© was
told the man's iwife was dying.
■ ■ Wrong Address
."While-the.witness was putting his
coat on Taylor departed. Dr. Starkey
said he went to the address, but could
find no one in the neighborhood requiring his services.
"After he returned home the man
■came again, (bringing his wife. He
said that as the doctor had not come
he had had to drag her out of bed.
"The doctor said he had been given
a wrong address, and the man answered that he was a .' liar.'
"Taylor would not 'let his wife enter the ihouse and continued to -be"
abusive, so the witness went for the
"Dr. Starkey mentioned that the
wife was'on his insurance -panel list,
■but the address was .Drummond
street, and the change had not been
notified. The woman was at work
next'morning, and was still at work.
•'Mr. d'Byncourt (the magistrate)—
I hope this Is an isolated case,
"The doctor said he was afraid not,
and added that the insurance work
was so onerous that they had to "let
such things slide.
"The defendant now said he thought
his wife >was dying, and became excited.
','Mr. W. T. Ricketts (for the complainant) said Dr. Starkey would be
satisfied if the magistrate thought
well to -bind the man over.
"Mr. d'Eyncourt (to the prisoner—
If the doctor, in • the most generous
way, had not -put in a plea for you, I
should -have made it a heavy .penalty.
"The defendant was hound over to
come up tor judgment if called upon."
The foregoing "report" was,. I think,
the last piece of news which I had
read -before drinking the on© small
glass of port which preceded my
slumbers. And when I woke up, a
sheet of foolscap lay. 'before me, containing the manuscript of the fragment of fiction with which this article
I have printed .this fragment iu its
entirety. I may have invented it, and
i may have invented it in my sleep;
but it is nevertheless a truthful jire-
sentation of the sort of thing whicn is
always happening to 'my triend Dr.
brink, the pan©l practitioner of Bov-
ingdon street, E. And it is likewise
a xrut'htul presentation of .the sort of
sane behavior which Dr. iBrink adopts
when this sort of-thing does happen.
But Dr, Brink is evidently an exceptional iman of science. 1 have suspected it.   Now I know it.
He treats his panel ipatients as if
they, were people^—ordinary, muddle-
headed, sentimental, intoxicated, English .people.
But Dr. Starkey, of Oakley square,
St. iPancras, 'believes that "panel" patients belong to a separate order 'of
humanity. -He -thinks that because
they pay for their picric acid and
water iby the week instead of by tbe
quarter, they,,are necessarily, disentitled to the consideration and patience
which" medical practitioners naturally
extend to their credit customers. -He
thinks that the complicated and clumsy 1'inancia^ relations) which (through
himself and his "panel" patients establishes and justifies an abrupt.and
brutal spiritual relationship. The
Clerkenwell magistrate agrees- with
Dr. Starkey. -    *-
Ii would like to address a few words
of genial remonstrance to .-both these
I .would like to remind Dr. Starkey
that all nice men get excited when
their wives get ill, - and that many
nice men -get -drunk. Every doctor
who aspires to drive' a really comfortable two-seater knows that you have
to put up with an awful lot of cheek
from patients. Patients are patients,
and neither Dr. Starkey nor anybody
else possesses the moral right -to distinguish between "panel" and "-private" joatients—certainly not when he
voluntarily has sought the patronage
of ibothN Dr. Starkey probably, nay,
evidently, dislikes tho Insurance Act,
as I do. But this does not Justify him
lu taking money under the Insurance
Act without fulfilling tho Obligations
which tho acceptance of that -money
Implies. The principal of theso obligations is to attend to patients—drunk
and sober, qulot and argumentative
I would llko to say to tho Clorkon'
woll magistral© thnt ho is a cad.
In this respect ho does not differ
remarkably from his colleagues, with
ono or iwo honorable exceptions, -chief
among whom Is Mr. Plewdon. If Mr.
Plowden will allow mo to say no, I
think thnt ho Is ono of the most satisfactory lOngllshmon now living, I cnn
imnglno with whnt porfect good humor
nnd good sense lhat gentleman would
havo lectured both doctor nnd patient
nnd sont -thorn ench homo to piny.
"Just because you pay a fow ponce
n wook, you Imnglno tlint n doctor
Is to lm ordorod mboiit llko' n dog, nt
nny hour of I ho dny or night."
Of courso, tho .patient thinks thin,
Kvery ipntlent thinks this, whothor ho
pnys 1>y tho wook or owes by the year,
Homo pntlents exhibit thlu boiler, nnd
some pntlonts conceal It, Somo patients smirk nnd quote Scrlpturn,
othor nation tn got excltod. Most pntlonts boro tho doctor. Just us most
editors lioro tho Journalist.
If Dr, Starkey'H pntlont hnd heen n
portly nvorngo ndjuaior out of Ullllter
street, Instead of nn oxIkiiouh troiiHiirs
pwmHor.oiit of Clorkonwell, this Mok<
leal Htlpondnry would almost certainly
have*.. oxprnsHiMl himself In soothing
terms respecting "tho unfortunate mis-
understanding." .-Hn would have soon
In the stout gimtleinnn of Ullllter
Btroet a reflection of IiIh own frailty
nnd 'pnsHlons. Hut .when ..ho Is confronted with n skinny follow out of a
mows, ho .becomes nt onon'nffllctod
with thnt utrnngn dimness of sight,
that-utter failure of common uense
nnd sympathy, which in the common
vlco of all our mnglstrutus.
A mn iititui. a uu Kituit iiiuiior uio
rn«y thin'trs In eulUvpte Thi-.- invar!
nbly earry with them n wiw ot Jim-
tlee and decency. If I send this bitter
old gentleman of CJtrkenwelf a bottle
or 1**0 of my grandfather's port, will
ho try to cultivate those grnens?
na mercury will minlv ileaiAtjr tlio
hpiiku of miif-ll mnl comj'lHi-ly iIki'iiiik"
(lift wliolo ayau-m wli-n i-ritorliifr It
tlirntwli tin- Ihiichiin biirfiic(-M. HiH-ll
article* alinuld nr-n-r In- »""l r-xcf-nl nn
prescription* from i'--tmiiit>li- jihyal-
clan*. «a Uio dnmairi- tln-v will <ln In
till   full)   t.i   tlii-   Kui.-i   •,,.,.  i.in   jiumtlilt
•Inrlv* from them, linli'w I'utnrrh tJiiro,
'HHinifncHiii-il   |,y  )•',   |, t'h.-hi-v  A Co.,
r..r.-ii.>, r>„ c iMi.iii.. :■,..■■   .... .-.mi i,
t,iU*ti (iiirriuitlv. }|i-it,u' .lli, illy m>nrl
llm blood mul miir<iii - i iiifii-*, «'nf thn
»y<l«m, In l.uylntr llniiv i'.iuhiIi r.tut*
it- »nri -hi j;--i ti,,. w, ,,-m,, , ti i" tali.ii
lrll^rnnllv nnd tnmln In 'I'.-l/iln niiio, tiy
I-'.  -I. Chrili-jr te ("n.    T.:1!!::!! ul.Ms fl-i-.
Hold tij- itriiifitlMin, I'lli • 7'-i- l-i-r tu»l-
Tako Ilall'f I'nmiiy fill-' f-r <->riMI-
Predicts Affiliation
of Co-operatives
With Socialists
, "I believe it only a question of a
few years until the great co-operative
movement of Great Qritain with its
3,000,000 members and ?10,000,000 of
capital will accept the principles of
Socialism and become affiliated with
the international Socialist'movement
by means of the National Labor party
of Great Britain.".
This was the prediction of Thomas
Richardson, Socialist member of Parliament from Cumberland, England, at
a meeting held yesterday afternoon in
Pabst Colliseum, 110th street- and
Fifth avenue.
The meeting, which was attended by
a good a/udience, considering the downpour of rain that started, just prior
to the opening time, was beid by tho
Harlem Forum, Socialist party. It
was one of a series that are 'being held
every Sunday at that hall.
'Richardson was introduced by J.
Keir Hardie, Jr., who presided. Hardie
made a short opening address after
several musical selections had been
given by Miss A. Gollomb. He de.
clared he did not quite understand the
situation as regards the Socialists in
Britain. The Labor'party, ho asserted,
is the party of the workers.
"In it," he said, " are all the Independent Labor party men, the Fabian
Society members and all the great
trade unions of the country. Ninety-
five per cent of the union leaders In
Britain are Socialists and carry Socialist cards, so it ■win be realized that
this (movement is well fixed in the old
"The Independent Labor'party is
the biggest and most influential party
In Britain. The British Socialist party
is, I think, about the same kind of organization as is the Socialist Labor
party here. It must 'be rememoerea
that the absence of the word 'Socialism', iu the name of the Independent
Labor .party does not mean that it is
not a Socialist party."
In closing Hardie declared he would'
leave the details of the British Labor
party to the speaker following. He
then presented Richardson, who was
greeted enthusiastically. .
The oldest Socialist organization' In
Great Britain is tlie Fabian Society,
he told the audience. From the educational point of view it has rendered
great and signal service to the development of Social sentiment in the
country, declared the speaker.
"The Social Democratic party," he
said, "has, although it is part o'f the
Socialist party of the country, refused
to affiliate with the unions or to even
subscribe to political action. The British Socialist, party has continued to
pursue what It calls its revolutionary
policy and .to preach the class struggle,
"I wish to state .that the -policies of
the Independent • Laibor party have
been vindicated by results.
' "I have read a saying, ''By their
fruits ye shall know them,' and this,
it, seems to me, can be applied to Sc
"The Indenendenll-La'bor-^-patty—is.
avowedly a Socialist organization. I
want to make this -clear, for there are
a number of people that confuse the
Britisli Labor party witb the Independent Labor party. And there are many
who question the Socialist principles
of both." -•/'*.
The fundamental object of the Independent Labor party in Britain, said
Richardson,' is to achieve Socialism.
At the time of the organization of tho
party, a resolution was passed making the 'final o-bject of the party the
collective ownership of the menns of
production, distribution and exchange,
he asserted.
"Its immedlato'-end ls to further the
cause of labor by means of laws. The
Independent Labor party has a membership of 70,000, all duos paying, It
has eight members in tho House of
Commons.   -
"Wo havo foKind that wc get the
fewest votes whore the workers aro
starved and most brutally (rented. To
roason with them, wo must first feed
them, This requires Immediate Icgls.
liitlon. Wo have poor laws, We liavo
poorhousos, When tho workers want,
relief from theso conditions Ihey havo
to appear beforo u board composed of
land proprietors and wealthy owners
of estates.
"in tlie last twelve yonrs there hns
taken place lu Groat Britain what has
been nothing less thnn a revolution ln
spirit nnd tho ndmlnlMtrutlon of the
ln\v«, Things nro growing gradually
better now and tho future looks pro-
Itlchnrdson closed by declaring lhat
tho unionists of his country nro coin,
ing very rapidly ovor to Sonlullsm und
ho predicted tho samo Influx to the
Soclnllst movomonl hore.
Tho uudlcnre listened to his ndtlress
with <"l0Be attention nnd nt tho close
Chairman Hurdle Invited questions,
Several won- asked und answered, relative to the conditions of the workers
lu Kuropo. A collection was taken up
that nutted a good sum nnd coiinltler-
nblo lltornturo wns sold.—<N'ow York
Directory of Fraternal
Societies -.
-Meets    every.   Wednesday ■
evening at 8 o'clock In K. P.
Noble ,-Grand, A. Prentice.
-Secretary, J. B. Meiklejohn.
Meet "at Alelfo's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.  •
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fermie, Box 657.
/ U i -•
■   xt'S As
t,  -
■Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. fn their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton.
K. of R. S., Chas. Buhrer.
•il. of F„ Robt. Dudley.
Meet  every  Monday  at  8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
Dictator, T. Uphill.
Secretary, W. F. Vance.
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store,
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
  \    -
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
COAL, mining rluhts of tlio Dominion, in Mnnltolm. H««kntchnw>tn and
Alberta, tha Yukon Turrltory, tliu North
VVmi Territories, ond In a portion of
Hie Provinco of Itrltlmh Columbia, may
t>e IcftHed for a term uf tw«nty<one
y-nsrii at nn annual rimial of $1 an icm,
Not moro Hum 2,(60 itcrim wil tin 11-undo
to one applicant,
Application for a louxn muit ha mode
by tho opplleitnl In p«riron to tho
A-ranti* or Hub>Air«nt of th« dlmrlct In
*filoli tli- rlKht* niipllnd for ore ultunt-
•rt. r
In «urv««/cil territory the Isnd thimt tio
, •'        , *; i -muit. or |«nnl NUl»(llvl<-
'•■rrUury iim'trait aiVpWil" for'thAti'tie
'UI..-J i ,j it i.-.(.- wj/(.;j«,-,i iAiiifvH,
Knob npllcnllnn mvift bo nceomitanled
oy a/«e of »£, -which will \m refunded If
the rlKht* aiiplloi) for am not avAllahl*.
but not uiberwlse. A royalty iliall he
pah] on tlm iiH-rctmnlaiilii uulinii uf the
mine at the rate of five c«nt« per ton,
Tho -namon <ipi Mttnir tlm inlim utiutt
iuiiiUh inn h i.*-n\ wwi nwoin en urn*
le-gounjlni for the full quantity of mur-
ihantahle coat mined an djmy llu, my.
ally ■ittmrenn. .If thn coal mlnliiflt
fights oro not he'tin npenitiil nu'.h
i-ntiirns ahould ha .'urnlahed nt lemit
tnnt, a year.
The lease will Include the coal mining
'if hts. only, hut tlm leasne may In- intr-
•nlttert to purchann whatever avallahlv
t'lrHn-* rlnhta m,i-/ I <• cuiintili rul i..--
'.jsjary for the umkliig *>t Uio nilnr
tt the rate or fin.on an sore,
.^"r.     'UH       ll.t.lH..all.il*.        •M.lllW-itll.,11
•tiniilrt tie tnadp in iln- HrrrMnry of (In-
department of thf lntrrlur, Ottawa, nr
jo any Agent or Huh-Aitent of Oorolti.
on lands,
\V, W. tlory.
Deputy MlnlntfT **1 the Tnti-rln-,
*'■■'*—Un«nt>iortsed puhU.-stlon „t thl*
-uivertlNement will not t>« paid tnr.
. Meals that tasto liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, We
can suit your income,
Call and sec us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Receive The Ledatr don't blame ua.
Watch the date of the expiration ol
the same label containing your ad>
.> i ^■t^n«yi-ni*^ne[in*qfi0«wi
1*    A.     "   "   -V*"i o.
**>\rt, V''*i.iyv»ff "*^*T3*
f^.w^Hiis ,y?/n.rrta Wrcjw**»m m
si'X-'"  ' !;"--' '"   ■-' A'tK^iAy^^^^AKj!-. A^.yy-.\A^
' Vii^.a.,.- J-
.'-< " .'^ -SI
I1.      *. -J.
•    -   •     ■ %^ ,-    ,„ ;,-;    ■ ., -- :      . i       '•;•,-.- •     '--*■•    -    -7r%mt9x~\S : '* "-   .-V'-,>r „". - /   -'^ *
We have anticipated the needs of those wlio wish topurchaseXmas gifts for friends in farja>vay^ lands.    0ur^
Xmas Novelties, and Toys, has arrived.     The storeis brilliant withl'itti'actiye, displays, thaf-ybff^ Suggestion s/fqi\yoiir purchases.;;  -   -    .  •
Only five weeks before Christmas, make your selections how. before the big Irtish^ begins^vhiie the assortment    the best:
We will hold any artical if small deposit is paid \
Hare economies are liekl out lo
the man who buys now. Navy
Serge Suits for $16.50. They represent tin's store's best effort to
give its customers the best article it, can find for the money. Any
man can see with his own eyes
that the material' v-mployed is of
fine quality, and the workman-'
ship first class, These Suits are
without dotibt- the4 best clothing
investment for • any man whose
Suit expenditure must be kept
within the limit of $16.50
Brace uf> sand be a Man
BRACE UP AND BE A MAN—Only 25c'Pair Saturday \
Men's Fine Suspenders, good webb and well finished,' with fine
.leather ends to match.   These'won't last long, so don't delay your
purchase. , -      "'""'■    v- „
In fancy boxes containingBraces, Armband? and Garters to match,
made from best silk w-ebb elastic, and finest quality trimmings,- make
very desirable gifts.   Priced at $1.00, $1,50, $2.00 and $2.50.
We have gathered together the choicest' novelties from the Eastern
markets. All the advertised new ideas in Glen's Neckwear will'be on
display in the Men's Department.   Prices 50c to $2.50 each.
These Trousers are made of materiaivthat isnvoven especially for
rd wear,   Untearable Tweed will outwear two pairs of the usual
Medium, weight, $3.00 pair and Heavy
Men's Mocha Gloves
Per i>air $1.00
Men's Moeba Gloves, with firie;wool lining, will be
on sale Saturday at $1.00.   'We have prepared for a big \
run on this Glove; it makes an exceptionally nice and  ;
practicable present for a man.
:Mens Working Shirts
All Wool Working Shirts in Navy, Fawn, Grey or
JBrowiL "extra large' and well made.   Priced at $1.25
kind sold for hard wear,
weight $3.50 pair.
Large pu^e silk hemstitched Handkerchiefs,- plain or with .initial.
Special Saturday at 50c each.-      , • ,
Souvenir kSilk Handkerchiefs, large size, at 50c each.
AVe believe that this Watch,is without equal at the price. It is made
specially for us, and has more improvements and more of the qualities
a good Watch should have than any we know of at the price.
It has a 15 jewel adjusted movement in 20 year gold-filled case and
is fully guaranteed by us. ■,'",'.
Mens Silk
Fine knitted Silk ' Mufflers,
with heavy silk fringe, in While,,-
Grey, Maroon, Green, ■ Brown,
Navy and Black, in sizes to sell
at $1.'50; $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, $3.50
and up.
" Fine Wool Mufflers, with dome
fasteners, all colors, at 50c, 65c,
■ 75c,- 85c and up to $1.50 each.
Men9s S wedters
,,Men's Sweaters bought at special
reduction, only 200 bf these -Jto sellj-
cxtra   heavy   all   wool _ Sweaters,'
worth $2;00 and" $2.50 each.   On sale-
Saturday only at.... $1,00 each"'
' * i '     '
Boy's Sweaters
75c to $1.75
Boys' All Wool Jerseys,
buttoned on shoulder, in
.Navy, Brown and Green,
all sizes.' 75c each" to $1,^5
'' each. .     •
nuMtiviiit. cam L   m#ma* •«.*»
m.'x- _
'neJlloria/ic/i dmit.
Tie Racks
■Here's an inexpensive-and very acceptable present for any man. Every man needs a Tie Rack. The
one we illustrate here is both ornamental and useful,
made from finest leather with best gilt or nickle
. i> ......
trimmings.   Special. -..,•*.- •   .-->
* „ ■
Mens   Combinations
Men's Fine Wool Combination Underwear, perfect,
fitting, all.sizes 34-to 44. Special Saturday $3.00 suit-!-
Special $3,00 A'.-.
Seme  Bargains  in our Ladies' and Children's Department
Everything that is fashionable in Furs of quality is on display at'
this store.
lies, Stoles,
Coats & Muffs
Never in our experience have we
had a better selected stock and
never such good values. Our prices
to range from 15 to 25 per cent less
than thc same quality furs can be
bought elsewhere.
Canadian Rat Coat, 48 inches long,
lined .with soft silk, has shawl collar
and four frog fastenings.
Special .- $85.00
Genuine Mink Sets from $125,00
to $250,00. '
White  Fox   Sets,  trimmed  with
heads and tails $125.00
Sable Sols from $75.00 to $175.00,
Blind? Persian Lamb Sets .. $100.00
Wo carry Furs of nil descriptions
and believe wo have everything imaginable from the cheapest to the
PILLOW OASES-$1.00 per dozen
Just purchased a special line of hemmed Pillow Cases in the regular
pillow size.   They are mnde from a good quality of Knglish Cotton,
well finished and hemmed ready for use,
Wook End Spocial ' p0r dozen $1.50
Wo pany and recommend for serviuo Dent's Gloves, Thoy are all
made from choice prime liimb skins, well sown mid finished with
clasp fasteners or bullous; also have Paris points and stitched hacks.
Por Pair  $1,50
Dent's Cape Gloves $1,25
$1.00 SILK HOSE, 75c
A very low price indeed for Silk Hose of this quality.   They arc
purse silk in black and colors and will give excellent satisfaction.
Week End Special por pair 75p
T        I 1 1     I       V "   tl 1     i -1 i • •        * •       ^
v *■  ' *     • * ■ \    t    «*     .   -v»»*j#**v*>.     *t**\9    -'»    ■* #*C      * K.*   t     *(A*M <*>*.    HHt % k H 4t.il*    Hi    tM  -I A'
vpiiv fnr Viny  lnvini      TVre rive '•*j-1 r--- nnd vriviilw- i-iwin^flj )ii
please nil.   There are hundreds of beautiful pieces to choose from
for Christ iiuin at from 25c to $2.00 each.
Wnmoti'y Knit T'-Mfli'iivi.-iv in -itwulimit M'eiirlit    i-.ttUm mini ivm.i1  miv
tun-, iiimie with lii^'h nci-k und long jdeovi'H.   '('lie Drawers vtniw hot li
open and closed,
Week End Special each 50c
Shoe Department
We have just received our season's stock of Hockey Shoes and
Skates, and ore now ready to fit all feet and suit all tastes.   '
AVe have received a large variety of Skating Shoes to choose from,
in black and tan leathers.
We invite you to inppeet our stock before purchasing.
„ Ments Lightning Hitch Hockey Boots in black and tan at $3.00,
$3.50 and $4.00 a pair.
Men's Extra Padded Hockey Shoe, black with tan trimming and
ankle support attached, a good serviceable and dressy Shoe, at $4.50
pair.    .
AVo liave in our stock this season a Professional Hockey Boot, light
but extra strongly supported, just the Shoe for tho heavy skater.
This Shoo is made of fino French Kip and will last for years. .We
supply a pair of fine rawhide Laces with each pair of those Shoes.
Our Ladies' and Children's Hockey Shoes are neat and dressy. We
have several lines to choose from,
Ladies, sizes from 2V£ to 7.
Boys, sizes from 1 to 5.
Girls, sizes from 10 to 2.
Wo early a lino of Ladies' Hockey Shoes with Skates attached.
These Shoes give perfect satisfaction.
W,o carry all lines of Skates, Springs, Bobs, Hockey and Tubes, iu
all prices and quality.
Child's Skates, from 50c to $1,00,
Ladies' Skates, from $1,00 to $3.50.
Men's Skates, from $1.00 to $6.00.
Hockey Slicks, Sknte Screws and Straps.
Cui'lorx, come in nnd inspect onr'specially mado Curling Hoots,
These are warm and comfortable, folt tops, warmly lined, with rubbor
sole and heel. Vou will initku a good swcop with a pair of thcNO Shoes
Books   Books   Books
We have 5,000 volumes'of the latest editions of thq best authors,
all cloth bound.   Price -.' '. $1.50
500 paper covered Novels^ all the popular titles such' as "Brewster's •
Millions," "The Fatal Ruby;" etc.   Price. '...'..15c .
,* We also carry "Boys' Own\Annual," "Girls' Own ifym'ual,"
"Scout," etc! •   ', •■'•*..•
Visit our Book Department.   We have hundreds of Booty to inter-"
est botli old and young. ,   , "
Largo size Writing^Padrunruled,' of Turquoise Bond$Paper, very-
fine and smooth, one hundred sheets to a pad.
Saturday Special  .each 25c
Envelopes to match, 24 in package ; .per package 5ci
English Linen Notopaper in correspondence size with envelopes to
match.  A grade of paper sold the world overnt 50c per lb for either
envelopes or paper. ■ "' ,
Saturday Special -a - eaoh, per lb, 25o .
Toys    I |
Our Tnv l>i.r,'ir-tim-rtt le iinn- ftnnti Ttiorp nre 1r\X"s nf pvitv di«ti»rin-
tion to fit all pocket liookR. Ail'tlio new iduas in nieejiaiiioil toy* arc
shown here.   We have toys to intercut All.
Toyg from 5o to $10,00 each
Saturday Specials
Itidgway's Old Country Tea regular 50c.
Harrington Hall Coffee.. .'■ regular 50c
Mocha & Java Coffee, fresh ground 2 lbs. for
Okanagan Onions 10 lbs, for
Okanagan Carrots ' , 10 lbs. for
Okanagan Huets 10 llw. for
Okanagan Turnips 18 lbs. for
Okanagnu Cabbage. iw IJ'-
Okanagan Tomatoes *. 2 lb. tin
Okanagan Poaches 2 lb. tin
Mrs. Stewart's Liquid Blue 2 bottles
Limn Beans ,...; 3 H>h. for
National Soda Biscuits 2 lb. tin
National Sweet Biscuit* 2 lb. tin
Evaporated Peaches 2 lbs. for
Cape Cod Cranberries  2 lbs. for
Now Pack Salt Herring 2 lbs, for
Prairie Prido Flour OH Hi. sack
Largo English Walnuts por lb.
Canada First Pork ami Beans, family sizo 2 for
Old Dutch ClimiiBor « tins
Mennon's Talcum Powder ( 2 tins
Lyman's Talcum Powder, largo tin onob
Gin Villa r vavbo\
FrnWuHvM - P«* box
White Pino Tnr Cough Syrup * bottle*
Witch Unxcl Cream pur builto
Horlick's Malted Milk pall suo
llorlick'it Malted Milk l^gc size
Znmbuk ,  per box
IWetmm Wild  por box
lied Cross Spearmint Own •
Hot Water Bottles *^-
..A pm-KM-H      .ix>
91.20, $1.60 $1.76
Mazda Electric Lamps 26 nnd 40 watts, 110 volts    .46
Money Saving Prices
Thc Store of
-1 \


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