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The District Ledger Jun 14, 1913

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I      Jtottabtrtai X-toity is Strength.
i
t,
1/
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
No. 43, Vol. VI.
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JUNE 14,1^13.
The Situation on
Vancouver Island
t
VANCOUVER, B. C„ June 10, 1913.
—The Btriklng miners on Vancouver
Island are displaying an.example of
splendid solidarity. Although the men
at Cumberland and Ladysmith have
been Idle nearly nlno months, and
though every scheme that could he
devised by cunning and hostile Interests has been Invoked to create
dissension and division among their
ranks, the men ara solidly united and
fully determined now as" they wore at
the origin of the trouble.
On th© other hand, the company
has striven desperately to resume the
operation of the mines without avail.
Police intimidation has been employed, public officials prostituted and
law outraged. Canada, .Great Britain
and the United States have been
combed for strike-breakers and the
net result is that, the strikers are as
determined as ever, while' the company have succeeded1 only in recruiting a bunch of inexperienced Chinese
and. Japanese, and a promiscuous
gang of worthless vagabonds who are
not'capable of producing any important amount of coal nor of making any
damaging impression on our position.
In response to a call to strike, the
men at Nanaimo and south Wellington laid down* their tools May lst,
thereby completing- a suspension of
mining in all the mines on the Island.
One can scarcely' imagine the shock
sustained by the business interests
and the company satelites when they
Earned the real men of Nanaimo had
decided to cast their lot with the United Mine Workers of America. For
' years the company operating "the
Nanaimo mines has made it a practice
to foster a force of facile tools. These
tools, like the Biblical sycophants who
craved the crumbs from the table of
the rich, were given the best work
in the mines and were accorded generous treatment by the company. In
return It was they who settled the
disputes between the "other men and
the company, it was they who were
ever ready to come forward and bear
public testimony to the eminent fairness and generosity of the officers of
~tHe~Western—Fuel^C6"mpanyr~and~it"
was they who were used as the bell-,
weathers to warn the men to beware
of "foreign labor agitators" and the
''Invasion of a "foreign labor union."
It was they whom the company de:.
pended upon tojceep the men disorganized, and who were used as a standard by those who Bald the Nanaimo
miners were so well treated and so
thoroughly satisfied with their conditions that they never could be organized.
However, those professed to know,
failed to take Into account the less
favored ones. They failed 'to take
cognizance of the men who have worked like slaves for small pay, who
.worked deficient, places without com-
. pousatlon and who havo performed
dead work and driven narrow work
without adequate return. They failed
to consider tho hundreds of mon who
havo beon discriminated against and
infamously fleeced in a hundred different ways by the Western Fuel
Company, and who woro only waiting a suitable opportunity to throw
off the yoke of Injustice.
Honco it Is that tho business Interests and tho companys satelites
nro unable to understand why thoro
are 1500 members In the Nanaimo
Local Union today, or why it Is that
tho Nanaimo mines have not turned
a wheel since May 1st.   "
At South Wellington every man ls
affiliated with an standing loyally by
tho Union hnd tho mines there nre
nt a i comploto standstill.ft Since tho
Btrlko has been mndo effective powerful Influences have endeavored to
prejudice the public mind ngalnst tho
Unltod Mino Workers of Amoiica and
create distrust among the mon Involved tn the strike. Malicious attacks hnvo beon made on the Integrity
and sincerity of the miners' officials.
Wo nro acctiBod of conniving to Injure the Vancouver Island mining In-
dustry so that Amorlcan mino ownors
mTly profit thereby, Wo arc "evil
Invaders" with "sinister designs.'
Canadian patriotism has boon nppoal-
od to In order to create national re-
sontmont against our organization.
Tho men nre told thoy should sopnrato
thomsolvos from this "evil Amorlcan
Union" nnd form a Canadian Minors
Union. To pjove that this suggestion
wns ni.a*o tn' good faith, the Canadian
Collieries Company has launched tho
Dominion of Canada Minors Unlot',
Local 15, So that tho ir.embors may
get the, very best results from (heir
union, tho offlcors of tho company
have kindly consented to act as officers of the union!   Tho Initiation
is.it  ',3 iuv S.,,*itii) t.cSiU .tuu uutu tn:*
rent?, per 'month. Aooorfllnj; In tho
Inst report ilir, membership consisted
of twelve faithful blacklegs—yo, gods,
what « low*value tho company places
on tho intelligence ot tho Vancouver
Island miners!
an May 'it,, iMfi Western Fnel Company sought to stage a tnnstor ptrolco.
When It was thought tho stago had
been properly set by the company's
satelites, tho officers of tho company
called tho real men together In a mass
Mooting which was addressed by Gon.
aval Manager Stockett who told the
mon of his deep regard for them. He
dwelt long aud lovlugly ou their ulna*
ant relations in tho past, told them
how solicitous he was about their wol-
fare, sorrowfully warned them against
"foreign agitators," and, as a grand
climax, offored tho man Incroaso In
wages If thoy would renew tha old
"lion and ItmiV arranttement.   Thl*
LABOR ARGUS EDITOR ARRESTED ON CHARGE OF LIBEL
was the move that was expected to
sweep the men off their feet and overwhelm the "foreign ^agitators." In
fact, It was the acid test, and, bo it
said to the everlasting credit of the
men, they withstood' the test and
politely, but firmly, made it clear to
Mr. Stockett that they would accept
no agreement unless as members of
the United Mine Workers of America.
The day following the Nanaimo .and
Vancouver Coal Company made a
similiar attempt to stampede their
men. This attompt also met with repudiation by' the men. And yet the
papers continue to declare that the
men are not in favor of the strike.
That the Canadian Collieries Company is hard pressed for practical men
is evidenced by the fact that they
have agents in England using deception to induce men to come to the Is-'
.land: Having received Information
that a force of sixty miners from
Maldenlaw, Anfleld Plain, Durham,
England, were en route to the'Island,
arrangements were made to intercept
them and apprise them of the true
state of affairs, and, though serious
difficulties were encountered, Organizer Pattinson succeeded in rescuing the men from the company escort
and brought them to Vancouver where
they were sheltered and fed until we
were able to find employment for
them, which we succeeded in doing
after .three days of effort. These men
made a sworn statement of their case
and complaint has been filed with the
Dominion authorities. Their statement is Incorporated in an affidavit,
which follows:
"We were approached by one Charles Dando, representing himself to be
the agent of the.Canadian Collieries,
Limited and as having come direct
from Cumberland British Columbia. ''
"The said Charle3 Dando was as-,
sisted 'by one Ralph Thompson, of
Durham, who was engaged by the
said Dando for, that purpose. The
said Dando and the said Thompson
interviewed .each of us and
solicited us to leave our present employment and come to Cumberland,
British Columbia, to .work Mn the
jnines_for_the-saId-GanadSan-Gollier-
ies, Limited; - and ?upon being, questioned as to the conditions at Cumberland," and particularly if any strike existed at that place, the said Dando
stated on his honor as a gentleman
that .no!'strike existed," and that conditions, were normal."        .'."'' A
"It was, represented to us further
that we could .secure a dally wage of
$3.50, and that good men could get
on contract work from four to six dollars per day. It was further represented that the company would provide
our transportation and expenses to
Cumberland.
"Upon the strength of the said representations we, tho*undersigned, to-
gother with twelve others, agreed to
give up our employment and come to
Cumberland, and we left England bn
tho twentieth day of May, 1913, by
tho Whlto Star Lino, sailing to Portland, Maine, tho said Dando supply.
Ing our tickets.
"On arriving at Portland, Maine,
wo wero Inspected and passed by tho
Canadian immigration officers in tho
following manner: We were segregated from tho othor passengers end
lined up In a body, and moRt of us
woro simply asked if we«. were the
'twonty-dollar men,' and upon our assenting were passed Without further
question. Somo three or four of us
woro asked If wo were going to Cumberland, No Investigation was mado
to determine If wo had money, and
not more than four of ub were possessed of tweny-flvo dollars,"
"Wo received no Intimation that a
Btrlko existed until wo readied Winni-
peg, whon wo woro so advlsod by
Mr,.. R. A. niggs, business agent of
the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council. Ten of our number thereupon loft
the train nt Winnipeg, and two others
loft at Swift Curront.
"On arriving at novolstoke we wero
met by Mr. 0. Pattorson, of tho Unltod
Mino Workors, who advised us as to
tho real condition of tho mines on
Vancouver Island. While the said
I rtttorson was Interviewing us on
tho said train at Kovolstoko ho was
assnuitod by a man who attomptod to
prevent tho snid Patterson having an
(Contlnuod on pngo 4)
ts.
Union Board Member Sues Out War-
rant for Boswell; Out on $500
Bond
CHARLESTON, W. Va.,- June 9.—
Charles H. Bosewell, editor of the
Labor Argue, the Socialist weekly
published here, was arrested today on
a warrant sued out by Thomas Hag-
gerty, an international board member
of the United Mine Workers of America. After his arrest Boswell was released under $500 bonds.
Haggerty charges that he was criminally libeled by Boswell In his attack
on the strike settlement which was
got up by the operators, union officials and Governor Hatfield, and in
the strike ultimatum of the miners
of the Paint Creek and Cabin Creek
mining districts in Kanawha County.
Boswell showed that the alleged settlement brought the miners little as
the fruit of their long struggle.
The editor of the Labor Argue was
released a fortnight ago, as soon • as
the West Virginia Investigation Committee chosen, by the National Committee of the Socialist party arrived
here, after he had- spent more than
three months in jail for championing
the cause of the miners.
The miners in the Paint Creek and
Cabin Creek districts are voting unanimously for a general strike. Dissatisfaction with the general situation,
especially with the conditions in the
New River field, where 900 miners are
out.
Lee Carpenter, a miner of Cabin
Creek, arrested by Captain James A.
Watson, of the militia, on complaint
of his wife, was brought to Charleston today, where he will be questioned regarding the story of an alleged
plot to kill Hatfield, Sheriff Bonner
Hill and'other authorities in the martial law region. Mrs. Carpenter told
the authorities that her husband
threatened to kill her if she revealed
the alleged plan. -
Carpenter's wife appeared at the
Governor's office and told her story.
A detachment of militia was immediately sent to the home of the miner.
WOOD IS ACQUITTED, COLLINS
CONVICTED, IN DYNAMITE PLANT
Jury Disagrees In Case of Atteaux—
Deliberated  18 Hours.—Sensation
in Court
ELECTION FOR
DISTRICT PRESIDENT
Willie we have no official figures It
Is generally accepted that J. E. Smith
has secured substantial majority over
C. Stubb, late District President
J «P-oliii?al]Uni^y is^Vfctory.
With reference to a rather startling
report regarding future movements of
ex-President Stubbs that has appeared in the Lethbridge papers, we enquired of Secretary A, J,.Carter as to
veracity of same, but he states that
he has no knowledge as to authenticity or otherwise.
WILL HELP CROWS NEST MINES
One of the features which received some attention rrom the Rocky
Mountain Interstate convention held
at Great Falls, Montana, when the
market' question was being discussed
was the likely effect of the new tariff
on coal, and it was generally' conceded that, If the tariff is adopted, Southern Alberta coal mines.will very soon
corral the Montana market.
J. O. Jones, acting president of
District No. 18 U. M. W. of A. returned, on Saturday evening from
Great Falls, where he had been attending the convention. While away
he visited many Montana coal mines
and it is his opinion that the new
tariff will easily put the Crow's Nest
field in command • of the Montana
market. Southern Montana will continue to get . coal from Wyoming
field, but Alberta will ' supply the
north of the state. The Montana coal
is very Inferior in quality to the Alberta proHuct and their mines are
none of them developed like those of
Alberta.
Montana miners fear the influx of
Alberta tfjai.
SCHENECTADY VERGES
ON GIGANTIC STRIKE
16,000 General Electric Company Em-
' ployes Ready to Qliit Next
Monday  i
BOSTON, June 10.—After deliberating for eighteen hours, the jury which
beard the dynamite conspiracy case
this morning' acqurtted President
\Villiam M. Wood""of "theT'American
Woolen Company; reported a disagreement as regards Frederick E.
Atteaux, president of the Atteaux
Mill Supply Company, and found Dennis J. Collins, a Cambridge dog fancier, guilty on two of the" six counts
in the indictment. Collins confessed
on the witness stand that he carried
the explosive to Lawrence during the
successful strike of 22,000 texile
workors, and, aided John J. Breen to
"plant" It in the places where It
was "discovered" by the pollco on
January 20, last year. He said he
did not know what the Btuff was,
At tho request of Attorney Henry
F. Hurlburt, counsel for Wood, Judgo
Crosby has ordorod a public hearing
to begin next Wednesday In tho court-
houso to Investigate the alleged attempt on tho part of Borne person to
bribo Morris Shuman, one of the jurors In tho case, This creates a precedent. All the jurors and lawyers wero
ordered by Judge CroBby to bo present at the Investigation.
The court In passing upon the request, said that ho did not bollovo
that Hurlburt or any one connected
with his offlco was Implicated In tho
attempt to bribe the juror. District
Attorney Polloltor also stated that he
did not think Hulhurrt or any one
In his office was ln any way con-
neotod with the affair.
Judge. Attorneys and Juror Confer
Juror Shuman reported to tho District Attorney yostordny that a man
had approaehod him tho previous
night and told him that If ho'"voted
right" ho would bo able to got a Hfo
job with tho Amorlcan Woolon Com-
pany and also tho sum of $200, This
Information was communicated to
Judgo Crosby, and a long conference
botwoon the judgo, attorneys and
Shuman was hold. At tho conclusion tho Judge charged tho Jury,
50 MEN  ENTOMBED
IN  MINE EXPLOSION
Fatality Resulting in   Three   Deaths
Laid to Door of Careless Worker
MAHANOY CITY, Pa., June 10.—In
a gaseous part of the Scott mine, near
Mount Camel, this morning an explosion occurred which entombed fifty
men, two of whom were killed outright, one fatally injured and fourteen seriously Injured. Although the
cause of the blowup has not yet been
ascertained, tho company alleges it
waB duo to a careless employe in lighting a cigarette.
The dead men are George Sadusky,
of Mout Cnarmel, and Steve Workas,
of Kulpmont. Lewis Harris is so badly Injured that he will die before
morning. The balance of the Injured
will recover.
There were about fifty men in that
part of the mine In which the explosion "occurred. They were all entombed for several hours.
The men say that when the explosion occurred they at once sought
safety ln the upper levels. The deadly
after-damp followed them and for a
time they, had to lie prone. on the
earth In order to escape suffocation. -
When the alarm was sent out several hundred women besieged the
snaft and implored the officials to let
them go into the mine and take part
in the rescue work. So frantic did
they become that a detail of State police had to be called to hold them in
check.
The two dead men were brought to
the surface at about 11 o'clock, and
a' half hour after, that the fourteen
injured men were brought up. The
balance of the men made their escape
through an old working.
The Scott mine is one of the largest in "the southern field, having an
annual output of 235,000 tons. It is
operated"by the Mineral Railroad and
Mining Company, a Pennsylvania
Railroad subsidiary. Robert A. Quinn
is the general' manager.       ' •
BARSKI   GOES
DOWN
FOR TWO YEARS
Snow Slide Cases
Maftlchuk vs. C. N. P. Coal Oo.
This case, which Is a death claim
arising out of tho snowslide which oc
«.uu«u ut toiii -ureek on tho 80th of
Innt BcfLvmbcr aimo up tor. h*mlr,6
boforo his Honor Judge Thompson as
Arbitrator under tho Workmon's Com.
pensatlon Act, on Friday the Oth. By
consont, the evidence taken boforo
Mr. Justice Murphy ln tho Cnrrtemnnn
Case, was utilised to show conditions
ns thay existed al Coal Cfoek at tho
timo, particularly with respect to tho
crlbbftgo work built by tho Conl Company In 3007, Thero wss also evidence given of dependency, and evld-
onco given by Mr. W. IL Wilson and
John Shranks with respoct to tho
causes and results of the snowslides.
Written arguments have been submitted to tho Arbitrator by counsel
acting for the applicant ond the respondents and the result will be known
in a few days. A. Macnell appeared
for the applicant and P. EL Wilson
and Sherwood Horchmor appeared
tor the respondents,
FOOTBALL
T. #1.1 M , * I ...I
l.V   itJItUlllttt,  UiU   ittlt   tHitlilitSI  Ut   li.il*.
Sa)ii.rd.'ij,',B malchcfl in   13jc  'Crow's
Nest Pass League:
Fernlo, 8; Bellevue, I. Bellevue
lmvo protested on account of ground
not being marked.
Hlllcrest, .'1; Coleman, 2,
Hosmor, 6 j Blalrmoro, 1,
Michel, 3; Coal Creok, 1.
Tho following Fernlo team will
Journey to Blalrmoro tomorrow: J,
Andres; Gregory and Shields; niolly,
Carrttun and Mil!a; Grant, Conroy,
Sklllen, Blackey, Tlnsley; reserve: II,
Brown.
Fernie Juniors will travel to Michel
tomorrow by the 9:20 s. ta. local and
will be represented by the following;
Easton; Jotnson and Ferlng; Smith,
Corrtgan, Travis; Linn, Dickon,
Davidson, Dudash. Porter; reserves,
iJolfisnn end Hlelly,
SCHENECTADY,' 'N. Y., June 9.—
International officers'.of, a half dozen
runipns__from_headquarte'rs-in-Indian-
apolis, Reached here today to confer
with the Grievance Committee of
General Electric,Company workers in
an effort to stave off .the strike of 16,-
000 men, which has been scheduled
for next Monday. Demands of the
men for an eight-hour Vwork day have
been disregarded by'. the, directors,
who,, at an annual meeting four
weeks ago, rofused to even consider
the proposition.
A committee consisting of one representative from each crarft has waited • on G. E. Emmons, general manager,1 repeatedly, with, no result, J,
L. McEntee, of the International Association of Machinists, New York
City, has been horo for six months
organizing the men nnd getting ready
for the prersont crisis. Ho said today
the men can't bo held back any
longer,
Among the labor chiefs at today's
conference wore Vice Prosldont Crn-
mer of the Blacksmith's Union, Vice
President Lenhan of the Steamflttors',
Vice President Bainoy, Pattern Makers, nnd John Valentine, International
president of the moldors. The arrival
of othors is looked for hourly. Representatives of the foundry employes
and tho machinists are also In tho
city,
Strlko talk is In tho air. It has boon
tho solo topic of conversation since
May 12 when the stockholders stated
their stand In the demand for shortor
hours, ob follows:
"This company hns always boen
among thoBe In tho load In reducing
tho hours of labor and was ono of the
first of tho largo manufacturing cor-
poratJbns to Introduce tho Saturday
half holiday. In vlow of existing and
Increasing competition, a further reduction in regular working hours at
the present timo would bo distinctly
dotrlmontal,"
Tho mon aro working fifty-four
hours a wook with Saturday half
holiday, Thoy demand a forty-eight-
hour week, Saturday half holiday nnd
no reduction ln pny. Tho present situation was Intensified by tho notion
of Mrs, Walter ID, Kruosl, wife of tho
Socialist Commissioner of Charities,
ownor of thirteen Him res of stock, who
wroto tha stockholders an open letter questioning tho General Electric
Company about safeguarding employes, their exposure to copper oxide
dust, overtime and night work, tho Increasing number ot women workors,
tho blacklist at the Plttsfleld, Mass.,
plant, and tho company's ovnslon of
taxes In Schenectady.
Members of the Grievance Commit-
ani miy Uittt ii u wiimu iu cujiom tliuy
will w,i'll n week before rfilUnj,' o'ul
tho employees of tho other General
Wloctrlc plants at Brio, Pa., Plttsfleld,
Wast Lynn. Mass., Harrison, N, J„ and
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Preparations have boon made to
hold up nil construction work In every
city throughout this continent. Wher-
over General Electric electrical apparatus Is now being Installed the
unions will cnll strikes, no matter If
It be in Chicago, 111,, or Modlclno Hat,
Canada.
Thero are WM employes at tho
Schenectady plant nnd the offlco forco
consists of 2,000. f hu plant U sirens,-
ly unlonlted by tho A. P. of L,
Barski, the man charged with raising cheque from,, $5 to $250 was convicted for forgery an dsent down by
Judge Thompson to the penitentiary
at—New-Vvestminister-for'2-yearsr—
SPORTS FOR THE FIRST
,The sports grounds at the city
park are now practically ready, and
halt of the course (about • quarter
mile) will be, used for foot races. The
city intends to contribute handsomely
towards the fencing of the grounds.
For the present the course will be
fenced on three sides, the slough acting as a natural barrier for one side.
We are Informed that the Athletic
Association Intend dredging the shallow part of the slough and when completed a clear run of one and a quarter miles will bo provided ,for boating. By placing netting across a portion of the slough a bathing place
will bo formed for the youngsters
and thus prevent them getting Into
deep water.
Tho school authorities are looking
after the school children's races
(which will tako place after tho par-
ade) on tho Coal Company's lawn.
President J. P!
White is Indicted
Operator, Officials and Guards Charg-
ed With  Restraining Trade	
Attack on Union
CHARLESTON, W. Va., June 10.—
sweeping indictment against John P.
White and national and district officials of the United Mine Workers of
America was brought by the Federal
Grand Jury, sitting here, today, charg-
ing a combination ln restrain of trade
under the Sherman Anti-Trust Law.
The jury also Indicted the W. E.
Thomas Coal and Coke Company, located at Wldemouth Creek In the
Pochohontas *coal field in Mercer
County, for peonage, warrants being
issued for William Thomas, Samuel
Tabor and W. J. Pritchard, company
officials and mine guards.
The indictment against the United
Mine Workers comprises four counts:
First—Charging a . general conspiracy In restraint of trade for the
purpose of compelling all the miners
in West Virginia to become members
for the purpose of fixing ahd regulating wages so that the miners iu this
State could be on a competitive basis
with the miners in western Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.
Second and 'third counts recite that
40,000,000 tons a year is produced in
West Virginia, of which 15 per cent is
consumed in.the State, thc rest being
shipped to Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin
and other competitive territory, and
that the competing States ship coal
to same points.
Tried tb Monopolize Labor
The fourth count charges that the
objects' and purposes of the mine
workers' organization is to establish
a monopoly of mining labor and to
fix wages in- West Virginia high
enough to lessen and restrict the companies in the said markets and to enable the coal operators in the four^,
competing States to, compete favorably jwith West Virginia operators
and to restrict the sale in said markets of West Virginia coal.
Conspiracy with the coal operators
in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana and
■IlIinois"-is-ch"argM'a"gaIn^t~tKe~aefe'nr
dants to carry out these objects and
give those States a complete monopoly of the aforesaid markets.
The strike initiated in Paint Creek
and Cabin Creek last April is alleged
to bo part of the conspiracy between
the union and the ^operators of the
rival States. Tho violence In. the
strlko district last summer was part
of the plan to compel the miners and
operators there to yield to the union,
It is alleged'.
A large amount of evidence to
prove cohesion between outside operators and the United Mine Workers
was produced boforo tho Grand Jury,
a good deal of it being documentary.
of the Senate subcommittee is ridiculous.
"The mine owners ought to know
this. They are only hurting their own
case by making such absurd charges,
and they do not seem to havo enough
Intelligence left to see that this Is the
case,"
It has been learned here that the
representatives of the miue barons
have been busy in Washington in an
attempt to secure the names of witnesses that will present the case of
the miners to the Senate subcommittee. The object ls to frame up replies to the testimony that prospective witnesses for the miners will
give.
During the investigation conducted
by the West Virginia committee under Governor Glasscock, the sessions
were all along drawn out, the probe
extending over several months, and
the names of all witnesses wero
known to the mine owners' representatives before they were called to
the stand. In this way it was possiolo
for the legal force'of the coal barons,
backed by unlimited financial resources and an army of paid detectives, spies, secret service men, shad-
owers, thugs, etc., to manufacture any
kind ot testimony desirable in an at-i
tempt to discredit the witness or
counteract the effect of his testimony.,
Mine Owners at Disadvantage
In this the mine owners and their
array of underlings will work at a
decided disadvantage with the coming here of the Senate subcommittee.
The names of prospective witnesses
have not been sent to Washington
and it is not thought that they will
be subpoenaed until the committee
arrives in the city.
This will enable the witnesses for
the miners to go on the stand 'and give '
their testimony' without having been
previously hounded and intimidated
by the subsidized riffraff of the coal
barons. It is not believed that the
Senate subcommittee will remain in -
West Virginia longer than is absolutely necessary, but that it will work
fast once   it gets started.
The big fight on the part of the
LOCAL POLICE COURT.
Mike Mazur was up boforo Judgo
Thompnon, at tho Provincial Court
House on Thursday, charged with
tampering with witnesses. He will
go down for ono year,
Prank Lawrence will sojourn to
Nelson for tho next throe months. A
generous government will "provide
visible moans for support."
H. Flint,■ "do'80'rlbod ns a clown and
loft bohlnd by tho Barnes circus, was
provided with steady Job for twolvo
months. Ho was charged with appropriating a suit case and othor
articles from Northern Hotel. Flint's
gonoroiiB disposition appears to havo
boon his undoing. Ho opened caso at
C. P. It. freight Bhod nnd having appraised certain articles at from T,
to 10 por cent of their value, "pr"'
coodod to dlBposo of Bnmo. ■Sequel:
suspicion, apprehension, detention.
8. Qulnllvlnn, of Michel, charged
with abduction, was released by
Judge Thompson.
John Kngborg, of Warden, hns been
grnntod a two months' vacation nt
Nolson, charge, vng,
Robinson, tlio colored pugilist who
wan charged with abduction, wnB released on suspended Bontonco and
must remove from the town nnd keep
away from his spouse until the latter Is 21 years of ago,
In connection with Hex rn, Davidson and Williams ot the Xnglo- Canadian Savings and Trust Company,
Davidson Is undor arrest charged with
i i   .   , .    •      ,i ...,,..* v"
uu, uiiiiiii^ a   I.U.....JI*. .,i..*.,,tj   tiuu ">,.-
HTvmn Ip. iinilor nrrfft fhnrrod with receiving same. Preliminary hearing
Is fixed for Wodnfsdny, Juno 18.
Tho MrovlnclftL Police brought In
Wm. Pattorson. fl'ho chargo Is drunk
and disorderly. /
A lumherj»t»i imiiiini ikjokhhkiui
charged with ^mmornl offence, was
sent to tho penitentiary for 7 years hy
Judgo Thomson on Thursday.
II. W. Her«l>mcr prosecuted for tho
crown In nllftho above.casns, except
that of Itex/vs, Mazur, In which case
he defended and Sherwood Hurchmcr
prosecuted/
By J, L. Engdahl
CHARLESTON, W. Va„ June C—
The frantic efforts of tho mino ownors
to porsuado tho Unltod States Senate
subcommittee from visiting West Virginia in carrying on its investigations
is causing considerable amusement
among tho minors horo,
"They certainly must bc scared,"
declared Attornoy Harold W. Houston,
counsel for tho United Mino Workers.
"Tho declarations of tho mino ownors and their roprosontativos in
Washington that tho minors would
start hostilities,upon the arrival horo
will be to get the pick of the West
Virginia coal kings on the witness
stand to .face the crossfire of questions that is planned to turn upon
them. This is something they were
permitted to escape as a result of
the munificence of the Glasscock
commission.
Subpoenas will- alBO bring proml-.,,
nent members of both the Glasscock
and Hatfield administrations before
the Senate subcommittee and every
effort will bo mado to compel them
to divulge all they' know concerning
the reign of terror in tho Cabin Creek
and Paint Creek districts during the
laBt twelve months.
Tho predicament of tho pollt'clan
who would serve tho Interests and attempt at tho same time to fool the
voters into believing lhat he' is working In the interorsts ls seen in the
caso of United Stntes Senator Chilton. Whon.tho Sonat'3 Investigation
became Inevitable Chilton turned
turtle and boldly claimed that ho was
not opposed to It, This got the mine
ownera oxcitod, because thoy aro go-,
Ing to fight tho Senate probo until
tho last, word has boon said. On*the
other hand, tho groat mass of tho
votors, the workers, know Chilton too
well to bq misled by anything that ho
may say.
Labor Commission-
Sits in Fernie
II. G. Parson, together with other
mombor«, with tho exception of Mr.
Stonoy, of.' tho commission appointed
by tho B, C. government to Investigate Into labor matters generally woro
In Bosslon at tho Provlnlcal Court
House last evening nnd this morning.
Mr. W. II. Wilson, Mr. Young and
Mr Klauor of tho C.N.P. Conl Co.,■submitted evidence on bohalf of tho employing class. Mr, T. Uphill, Mr,
David Hens and Mr, A, J, Carfiir gavo
evidence In the Interests of the workers. Tho commission has arranged
to Investigate ln Hosmor tomorrow.
PORCUPINE
MINERS
ARE STANDING PAT
The degenerate on tho payroll of a
detective agency has neither heart,
•out or pon»f|r»nce*j and his employer
knows no Om! *»vo profit.—Minors*
MRgnilne.
John Notmsn wns Inst wc«k *h*ctcd
himlncBS agent for Nelson Trades and
Labor Council, his duties to commence, on June I. Mr. Notmnn Is
alio Kceretsry of that body, and Ib
well known In labor circles of the
Kootesay hub. <
Canadian Socialist Organlter Declares
Striker* ire Certain of
Victory
M. Wnyninn, nri-nnbcr Jw th.* So-',
clnl Demorrntlc party of Cnniidn, Is
back to Toronto, nftor a three weeks'
tour of tho mining camps of Northern Ontario, reports tho Industrial
Bnnnor of thnt rltv
In nn Interview with Wnytnnn, n
representative of the Barinol glfuned
much useful Information relatlvo to
tho conditions In tho mines.
Ho snid that thn strike In Porcuplno was In better shape now than at
nny time diirlnj- fhr> Jnxf «lx monflic
A demonstration wa» held on May I,
nnd nearly r»00 mru were nn pnr/id".
Sports, speeches nnd ■rnt^rtnlnnientp
woro given, and a splendid spirit prevailed.
"Do you think that tho mini will
win?" Way man was nuked.
"The men cannot lose," he replied
newspupor talk that saya that tbo
strike is overt"
"Nono whatever," ho answered,
"Tho mining stoek market prlcon
show oloarly that tlio owners are foaling tho effects of the strike. Vory few
of tho mines are running at half thilr
.capacity,
"Scabs are harder to got, and tho
Btrlkers aro Bolld,
"Tho mayor and aldermen of Tlm-
mlns are foolish In their tears and ar-
cuaatlons ngalnst the millers, Evory
necident, troublo, brawl or niliifortunn
Is used as n product for Injuring tlio
caiiuu ot tho Htrikors.
"Stiidonts are bolng sent from
Kingston and other colleges to ait v.i
strikebreakers,"
Jn  H   Uuu   lli.il.  .1   IrtJ'tftMlllllUKir  (Jl
ferrdgn lun.;'.;-'*' ■!:•■ :iro Mch it. he) .)
up to the mlno'i*"
"It Is true tlmt thoy have boon
hired, but our pickets havo pursuaded
them to stny nwuy.
"Tho courlH havo lnvm actively <<n-
gaged In, trylnj; to t.renk tho stride.
Nearly forty mon have, been jailed "on
tho merest pretext." ■  „■   ■■
"Havo tho women and children suf-
fiMTil much' during this Arctic winter
up thoro?"
"N'o, ho," came tho reply. "The
iiiiiiirjs art! grout big-hearted men,
who would rather die than let a child
Mitt.:,,   All tho chlMvuru I nit* v»mo
warmly rlother and woll fed
l(t
L. O. O. M,
Fernlo I/)dg« No, 1,11.1 meets *v&ry
Monday at the IC. P. Hal! at S P. M.
"Do you give any w,..t»ne« to the Candidate* for inltntlon nt H-M. PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, JUNE 14,1913.
$3.50  RECIPE  FREE,
u
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
1 have in my possession a prescription
■ tor nervous debility, lack of vigor,
■Weakened manhood,- failing memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatural drains, or the follies of
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men. right in their own
homes—without any: additional help or
medicine—that I think evary man who
wishes to regain his manly power and
virility, quickly and quietly, should
have a copy. So I have determined to
send a copy. So I havb determined to
charge, in a plain, ordinary*sealed enve
lope to any man who will Write me for
It.
This prescription comes from a physician who has made'a special study or
men and 1 am convinced !t Is tho surest-acting combination for thu cure of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together.
I think 1 owe it to my'fellow man to
aond them a copy in confidence so that
any man anywhere who is weak and
discouraged with repeated' failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure what I
believe is tho quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy ever devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a lino like this: Dr. A. E; Robinson, 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mi(?h..
and I will send you a copy of this
splendid recipe In a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $3.00 to $5.00 for
merely writing out a prescription like
this—but I send it entirely free.
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found  In  such  a display, of
Meats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork,.Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
Aikbattin* is easily applied.    All
you need to help
you it cold water
and a flat  brush.
Alabastine   walls
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful  It will
not soften on the
wall like kalso-
mine. Because
it is a cement, it
willhardenwith ■
age, become i
part of the wall |
itself,and last
for many ,
years.
An Alabastine svall can   ^
be re-coated without removing the old coat.     Alabastine
walls are the most sanitary. They
•re hygenic No insect or disease i
germ can live in an Alabastine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
.want  them  all  Alabastined.
Church'* Cold Water
Dropin and let ua show you beautiful samples of Alabastine work.
I
FREE STENCILS
'(Let ct show how to get beautiful
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make your home'
charming   at  a
moderate cost.
.»»'
jhwe
«W
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware - Furniture
KING'S   HOTEL
Bar' supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING ItOCni  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
Safety First: A
Symposium
From the viewpoint ofthe Inspector
(By John Dunlop, Mine Inspector,
Peoria.)
An address delivered at the Mining
Conference, Urbana, .IIP.', May 10, 1913.
mmmmM
Thomson <& Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie, B. C.
Local Agents
Orders taken throughout the Pass
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
» Best Accommodation In the Pans.—
Up-to-Date — Every Convenience-
Excellent Cuisine.
8UITABLE   POR   LADIES AND  GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed ..
Reserve Fund	
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up ..,,       6,770,000
6,770,000      Total Aueta      72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prei.
BRANCHES  IN   BRITI8H COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kumloope, Michel, Moyie, NeUon.
Revelttoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
8AVING8 DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B, BELL, Manager
THE CANADIAN BANK
Out1' cQMM,JbKCr,E •'•' n
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
        •     ..*»■ ■* ir
LVI %J IN IS I     UKJU£/K.&
Issued by Tho Canadian flank of Commerce, nre a safe, convenient nnd
inexpensive method of remitting small ttimii of money. These Orders,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) and In the principal c!t!e» of the United States, are issued at
tho following rates i
$!t and under    3 centa
Over    5 ami not exceeding $10... .6    "
"    10      " «• 30 10    ••
30     ;• " BO IB    "
11
REMITTANCES ABROAD
ae
should b* mad* bf means ot wit SPECIAL PORHIOM DRAFTS *n& UOnpv
ORDERS.  Um*ti without d.Ur at i«aaonabl« rn**, ^
L. A. ». DACK, Manager. FERNIE BRANCH
Never in the history of mining bas
as much consideration been given
for the safety .of men employed in
and around coal mines as at the
present time. This is true in many
otlmr industries, and the slogan fam-
i.'ar heard is "Safety the First Consideration."
There has been an awakening
among employers of labor, and a realization of their responsibilities' that
every protection must be afforded
'against accidents to their employes.
Commissioners have been appointed; State inspectors of mines'of the
United States have organized, and,
during the last three years the Federal feureau of Mines has been established, all for the sole purpose of inquiring into the cause and prevention
of accidents, and yet, after all of the
agitation, the many bulletins issued
and the enactment of laws for the
prevention of accidents, there are two
principal sources of accidents around
mines that have not been reduced to
any appreciable extent. These are accidents to miners and drivers.
Last year 58 per cent of the men
killed was by the falling of coal, rock
and clod; the number due to pit cars
20 per cent. The surprising causes
have varied very little within the,last
12 years, and are just as persistent as
the other ratios given. For every
250,000 tons of-coal mined a toll has
been paid in the loss of a life; .the
number of employes killed per thousand has remained about the same.
The number of non-fatal accidents
is greater in the long-wall mines in
proportion to the number of men employed than in any other mines. -The
redeeming feature is that there are
tewer fatal accidents. This is accounted for by the height of the seam.
If a piece of loose coal or shale is of
sufficient weight that its fall will injure a miner it would ih all probability kill a man where tthe seam is
five feet and over.
To prevent these accidents the
State inspectors have been insistent
in recommending that a law be passed requiring that a face-boss be employed for each 100, men in a mine.
The reason given is that the duties
of- such face-bosses would be to visit
the working places during each working shift to instruct the employes in
making their places safe; and further to see that all necessary props
and cap-pieces are furnished when
required. I am fully conviij._ced_t_hat,
"tvliere face-boss~es "are employed, and
proper attention is given," the number
of all accidents within the mines will
be reduced.
Although we have not been able to
get this legislation, on the statute
books other legislation has been placed there which is bringing about the
same results, and I believe is the
better method. When men are
chosen for this work it should be understood that they are men who have
the tempennontal disposition to cooperate, and at tho same time be firm
and not tolerate slip-shod work.
Thero is a feeling among the miners against face-bosses. Thoy -look
upon tliem aa being dictators, and It
is possible that they may exceed thoir
authority. During the past year a
number of tho large companies havo
put on face-bosses, with the purpose
in view of reducing accidents, and I
am informed that tho results arc not
us favorable as might bo expected.
An official of a coal company that
operates two mines which employes
h?00 mon fiirnl°hed mo thp following
Information:
'"ihe system of putting on additional face-bossos at our mines has not
boon In operation u sufficient length
of timo, which has been ono year, for
us to tell satisfactorily just what ad-
vnntago wo are Retting, as tho condition relating to personal Injuries
are so different from that of last yoar
thnt n comparison ls hard to make.
Tho men are taking advantage of tho
componsion net, and nro roportln?
injuries nnd reqnlro modlolal aid
when thoy would not hnvo dono so
In similar cases a year vgo."
On a tons por nccldont basis bo
hIiowh the following:
Mino No, 1—1012, 3,857; 1013, 2,30*1.
■Mino No, 2-1912, 1,1178; 1DU 1,144.
Thoroforo It can bo taken for granted that this Btatomont Is correct
whon Iin says thoro aro no moro nc-,
clilonts but moro accldonta are bolng
roportod,
At Ills No. l mino tho numbor of
accidents roportod for the Inst throo
months hIiowh a docldoil ilocnnsn
over tlmt of tlio first threo months of
tho fiscal year, which aro as follows:
10I2--1813
July, AiibiibI nnd Septombor  72
October, N'ovombor und Docnnibor. 41
January, February nnd March.... !V.)
A common expression may bo
board that Incroaso of accidents |n
conl rnlnos Is duo to tbo numbq*r of
non-EnRllBb-BDOftlcliig minors employ,
oil; nnd miotfcor reason Rlvon In.tlio
chnngo In motlod of shooting; where
innro -Minn iwn '«rM*iTMl« of po'.v'L;' !j
iisod for any ono Wast nil Rlintu rnimt
l>u Urod by men designated as shot-
firera. It Is furtlur said that tbo
name faro Is not, befafe exorcised by
tlio minora".In"propnijim tliolr shots
ns If thoy had to do t.\olr own firing,
■ii','} .'.!;.';,'. juoj'ij j:J"/«,!»f ,.* u*ct>tfc kJutcu
than necessary, which U tho anise of
timbers bolng ltnockoil ^ut nnd vory
often allowing tho root to bocomo
dangorous. \
it is truo that loss tdns ot coal
aro bolng produced por Iwk ot powdor
from coal »Uot off thc eoltf* A careful perusal of the reportu of tbo Stato
Inspector of mtnoa shown tha CO per
cent of the mon billed from falling
coal, date and clod aro In mines
where the coal Je. undercut by machine* and leu powder Is being used
than If tbo coal wero to bo a'hot off
the nolld, which la only 44 por cent
of the total output. Therefore another reason must be given.
My own conclusions are that in
mines where -the coal is under-cut"
the proper placing of props is being
neglected. It is^ well to know that
where mining machines are in use
the props must be placed at sufficient distance from the face to allow
proper clearance, and where the under-cutting is six feet the distance is
too great, especially where there is
a clod or clay-shale. Under conditions of this kind, which are very
general throughout the central arid
•southern parts of the State, props
should be placed before the coal is
cut, and if face-bosses are employed
it would be their duty to see that the
place Is properly timbered before allowing any shots to bo fired. It must
not be taken for granted that because
the inspectors have strongly recommended that face-bosses be employed
for each 100 men in the mine that it
would prove a panacea for all accidents.   .
The mining of coal is a'hazardous
occupation at best, and no man can
foretell or foresee the dangers ahead.
The Inspectors, by their close contact with this work and hoving to examine into the cause of all fatal accidents, have come to the conclusion
that a more direct and closer supervision must be maintained, and that
it would, in a. measure, minimize the
number of accidents of this kind.
To prevent accidents ta. drivers1 is
a problem more difficult to solve.
This subject was earnestly discussed
by the 'Mine Investigation Commission, the members of which listened
attentively to suggestions of all kinds
and considered the feasibility of having a law enacted to prohibit the
driver from riding on the tail chain.
It was agreed that such a law would
not be practical in all cases. They
did not recommend that in mines
opened before the passage of this act
all mine cars shall be equipped with
a bumper or bumpers on each end,
which bumper shall project from beyond the end of the car not less than
four inches. This is only palliative,
and, will not cure the evil.
Not long-ago I had occasion to investigate a fatal accident which occurred -to a driver. I found that he
had not taken the' proper care to
protect himself. He attempted to
come down a grade with a loaded
trip and-did not take time to put in
sprags, but undertook to hold the
trip by placing his back against the
car with his feet on the rails, and,
the trip going rapidly, he fell in, front
of _the_car,_which ._r;in_overjiis_bo.dv
and so injured him as to cause his
death  a  short  time  after.    In  this
case it was a-matter of speed at the
expense of safety.   ■   •■ i.
To prevent accidents to drivers it
must always .be .".More" caution and
less speed."     ■    •> ; ,
We have many laws in our statutes
which I consider as good, and some
much better, than those provided by
many of the ,, other States. They
cover every phase bf the work around
mines, yet they do • not "prevent the
continual sacrifice, of life. Surely it
does not require a catastrophe, such
as we had a few years ago in Illinois,
or that at-Finleyville, Pa.," a few
.week's ago, to arouse it's to a sense of
our need and responsibility. Obser-
vation has taught me that neglect
engendered.by. familiarity with the
conditions surrounding.' danger are
the cause of more accidents in and
around mines than anything else.
I am, loathe to .believe that anyone
would willfully neglect to do the
things necessary if it meant to endanger his own life or the lives of
others, and believe the time has arrived when an. educational campaign
must be conducted at the homes of
the men,—officials as well as workmen—showing the necessity in taking
proper care for self-preservation and
that they should ever be mindful of
the old adage that "Eternal vigilance
is the price of safety/'-iCoal and
Coke Operator and the Fuel Magazine
SCIENTIFIC ENQUIRY CONCERN-
ING   BELLEVUE   EXPLOSIONS
In view of the diversity of opinion
that has been expressed .regarding
the causes of the explosions in the
Bellevue Mine in 1910, and the discussion developed thereon of late, it
appears to be desirable that the Alberta Government should appoint a
commission to make a , full and * au-
thorlative investigation. Dr. Cad-
man, "Of Birmingham University, who
joined with Inspector Stirling in a
paper on the subject, will shortly be
visiting Canada again. Mr. Rice, of
the United States Bureau of Mines,
examined the Bellevue Mine, but has
not been heard from, and his views
would be of interest. Mr. Ashworth
is in Vanccnfter. Dr. Cadman,, and
Messrs. Rice and Ashworth are worldwide authorities on coal mine explosions, and it is probable that information of much value to future rp-
eratibns at Bellevue and safeguarding employees in the future would be
brought,out at such an enquiry. Certainly, in view of the mystery with
which the occurrences at Bellevue
have been clouded, the matter should
be cleared up as far as possible. -Miners in that locality feel restless- and
unsettled over »the present "situation,
and if there is "one thing more than
another necessary in mine explosions
it is to ascertain, if possible, the
actual cause, as only thereby can effective measures be taken to prevent
similar recurrences there and, elsewhere. The Government of Alberta
owes it to mining science to make a
..serious—attempt—to-—clear—up—any-
mystery, attaching to. the matter.—
The Wining and Engineering tteci>d.
States' the Rights
and the Wrongs
The West Virginia operators, and
allied Interests, fearing Federal investigation, havo raised the much-
abused bogy of "abrogation of States'
rights."
Tho policy of retaining the power of
governing as closo to the govorned
as possible is not bad of itself. But
states, like Individuals, must recognize that tho ' liberty ot tho smaller
community Is limited; must bo curbed
when abuse of sucli liberty interferes
with the political well-being of the
greater community of which each of
them Is a part, Tho "predatory interests" aro taking all advantago of
this doctrine that Is firmly believed in
by many woll-moanlng, honest citizens; aro using for their own advantage prejudices against Interference
by tv contral government In questions
of state' control..
Whon representatives of tho workers petition thoir legislatures fofr ro-
forms of tho laws that will glvo
thorn some protection from tho greed
of tho employers, such ns shortor
hours for women nnd minors; abolition of child labor, or raising of the
minimum ago; laws for safeguards
in mines or fnclorlos, minimum wago
laws aud compensation for Injury
laws, tlio lobby roprosonllng tho employers will novor bo round disputing
tlio justlco or bonoflts ot such laws,
13vor you will find thorn from tho un-
roqultltod toll of tho workors; tho
privilege of loavlng thoir mnchlnory
ungiinrdod, thoir rnlnos unsnfo; tho
powor to roup tlio profits from tho
work of tho vorlost bubos, to forco tho
price of labor down below tho polut
cf subsistence; tlio right to disclaim
nny responsibility for tho hiimnn
wrecks, generally victims of tho lack
of noodod siifogunrds, or of unsanitary
conditions In shops or mines.
Tho enso now boforo tbo Unltod
States Senate, tho condition that obtain In Wost Virginia, not only thoso
that did obtain during tho.strlko on
Paint Crook nnd on Cabin Crook,
threaten tho health and woll-boing
of ovory worker In the country.
■ Vnf nnlyti'int mon trnm fivurv nnrt
of tho country woro brought In and
hold iiwiiiiBt thoir will, and ovon women from other states Imported culling the attention of the legislator* to
their competitive" relations wilh othor
states; crying that tbo passage of
...."I; j v,** •,,.•'" j*'- • "■,' 'r.:}:tzi:'i' *?.'"i
tho law in question may affect out of
tho particular state .where proposed.
In nearly every Instnnco the claim
will bo mndo that If thoro was any
nssuranco of such InSvs bolng generally adopted thero would bo no objections to their i>.vs»iiKC, And.eo.'tfc
havo tho spectacle of each of * tho
iircnt common.wcaltha.ot tlio liind refusing to pass laws oach roeog-nlsea aa
beneficial to Its cltltonshlp until all
the others have passed such law*-. An
Impassable barrier; profitable only to
the fow,
Out, whenever It la proposed  tu
bring about these reforms, conceded
beneficial if general, by Federal legislation, wc Immediately find theso
same representatives of the exploiting
Interests calling on high heaven to
witness the ruin that would follow
to the institutions of the country if
tho rights of local self-government
were In any measure abrogated.
The Insincerity of these self-seek-
Ing "protectors .of out time-honored
Institutions" Is only too evident.
Tho "Institutions" they are so anxious to protoct ls tbo profits and
forced to live the lives of Bhamo. ln
an attempt to hold the men; not only
bocauso citizens of foreign lands bad
to bo rescued by tho representatives
of thoir country from virtual slnvory,
to the shame of self-respecting cltl-
zons of this land, ovorywhoro, but
bocauso tho claim will bo mado by
employers ln competing states that
the conditions forced upon thoso un-
fortunalo, unprotected workors nro
tho conditions necossnry „to thorn-
solvon If tbey must compoto in tho
samo market.
It conditions aro such that nn Investigation would not vorlfy our
clinrgos, why ls thoro no much op-
position rained to tbo Investigation?
Tho ontlro country ls pointing to
Wost Vlrglnln, Only representatives
of thoso who aro exploiting that stato
would provont tho fullest lnvostlga-
tlon.—Unltod Minor Workers' Journal.
Knocking and Boosting
"Whon a union olects a mombor to
nn official position It docs so not lo
mako him a turget for consuro and
abuse, but that ho may bo a center
around which members shall gather
to "make'effective' tho work of tbo
organization. This Is a losson that
haq not taken hard enough hold on
tho minds of union mombors. Thoro
Is a peculiar porvorslty possessing
many union pooplo that makes them
knock tlio mon thoy havo elected to
.ui",*.!). Jiiuji Butsin io nave an Idea
thnt hrennne thfv j^-i* uluU'd a Jj-rather tn ofrico thoy have a right to dog
bim to their honrts* content. Thoy
treat: him vory .much tho same way,
that Indians used to treat thoir
squaws, only wor«o. The Indian mndo
nitt Btjuiiw tio nil the work, but slie
did not havo much to say, while the
union innn has a good deal to sny and
piles all the work of tho organization
on the shoulders of the offlcors and
bonps abuso on his bond. If the union
roombora who are guilty of this folly
would lmv<jj us mini) to say In the
way of boosting ns thoy have in tho
way uf luuicklnn, bow t;»sy would bo
the work of officers nnd how auccesi-
nil the organization."—B. C. Federa-
tlonlit.
When In doubt—aik McBride for «
commliilon.
Public Enemies
There are- various kinds of traitors.
There is the traitor who betrays his
country in time of war.' There is
the traitor who betrays his _ country
in time of peace. There are traitors
who betray their country not by opposing its rightful, desires,-but b£.
fostering and, encouraging madness.-
They do worse than give aid and com-'
fort to it's enemies. -.They air it to
become its own enemy. In this latter class belong the men who try
to involve their country" inia foolish
and criminal war, and pre-eminent
among 'them in present-day, America
stands William Randolph Hearst.
If there is ever,, a war, between this
country and Japan, the blame'for that
will rest in part upon the-shoulders
of Hearst/ It would be too flattering
to Hearst to assume, that by his unaided influence he could bring on a
war, or stop one. But' there is no
room to doubt that he is doing what-
so ever lies in his power to create
bitter feeling against the Japanese,
the natural issue of -which is an inflamed state of popular opinion -which,
carried to excess, will some time demand war.
What a dreadful and shocking
crime against the human race such
a war would he only those who have
seen wars or even studied the effects
of wars, can realize. No benefij that
could possibly accrue to either nation, or to the yet unborn descenders
of either nation, could possibly pay
for the tithe of the needless waste of
property and lives, for the degradation
of national morals which Inevitably
follows a great war, for the crushing blow which would be dealt to
the spread ot Christian civilization
throughout the Orient. No question
would be finally settled, no good accomplished. It'would be a bargain, in
which both bargainers would buy only
blood' and tears."
, This is the horrible crime toward
which Hearst and his accomplices are
leading us. Every incitement, to national prejudice, .every plea to rest
our claims upon guns and battleships,
bayonets and soldiers, is a plea for
such a, carnival of waste and bloodshed as a great modern war can be.
' No sane man, however narrow in
his national sympathies, would vote
for war if he could have looked into
the 'trenches at Port Arthur, or the
besieging camps at Adrianople, or the
plague-stricken lines of the Tchatalja.
No nation, acutely realizng what war
means, would ever tolerate it. tt ls
a game where both sides lose, especially the common men, who
shuulder the muskets and suffer the
tortures.   •
AVe can settle without bloodshed,
if we keep sane, whatever differences
we have with Japan. Any man who
tries to unbalance our sanity and
plunge us into war is an enemy of us
all.—Sari Francisco Bulletin.
~ "Governor Hatfield of West Virginia
has lost some of his bravado since
the United States has passed tho resolution demanding a sweeping investigation of conditions in America's Russianized Siberia.. When Senator Kerns introduced his resolution.
Hatfield branded the Indiana Senator
as a "peanut politicnn" and it is now
in order for the official braggart of
the coal corporations, to brand the
Senator of the United States as a
combination of peanut pollticans.
Will he do it?   Nit.—Miners' Journal.
Students at famed institutions of
learning are making reputations' as
strike-breakers. When educational institutions aro converted into strikebreaking agencies to suppress labor
and crush unionism, It is about time
that tho worklngmnn realized that
there is n class struggle.
Tho striking minors at Wharton,
New Jersey, havo scorod a victory.
Thoy hnvo secured an olght-hour day
and no discrimination. All strikers
aro to bo returned to their formor
positions! IJioy aro to bo paid twlco
a month nnd tho company Is to recognize tho check-off system, providing such system Is not contrary to
tho laws of tho stato, Tho scale ot
wnges Is to bo considered later on.—
•Minors' Journal,
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COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
* ■ "-
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If you aro satisfied toll other*.   Tf nob satisfied tell us. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.   B. C, JUNE 14, 1913.
PAGE THREE
?0,
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WHY
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at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MAR-
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THE 41    MARKET   CO.
0AM GRAHAM, Mmag«r
PHONE 41
The following questions were set before candidates at the recent examination held in the province of Alberta
under the coal mine act, May 22, 1913.
•Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Coal  Mines Act
1. What are the statutory requirements regarding the working'plans'of
mines and also abandoned mine
Plans ?^ .. (11)
2. A mine is being worked by naked lights but it is found necessary to
install safety, lamps. What changes
would you make in the working of
the mine? " (ii)
~3T"What are the duties of (a) a
pit boss, (b) a fire boss (c) a shot
lighter, as defined by the Coal Mines
Act? (13)
4. .What report books and other
>books of record are required by the
Coal Mines Act to be kept at a mine?
Explain clearly the purpose for which
they are used and what entries
should be made in them. (12)
5.' What are the provisions, of the
Coal Mines Act respecting ~ the use
and handling of explosives? (15)
6. 'What are the requirements of
the Coal Mines Act regarding the employment of' persons about machinery? (12)
7. What are the requirements of
the Coal 'Mines Act regarding (a) a
supply or timber, (b) boilers and (c)
machinery? 112)
8. What are the provisions of the
"Eight Hour Law" relating to the employment of persons? (14)
Candidates   must   obtain   60. per
cent of the allotted marks to pass.
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
'Paper No.-2. Time—Two and a half
hours.
Ventilation, Shot-firing   and"~ Safety
Lamps
1. Draw a plan of a section of underground workings on the room and
pillar., system, trace -by arrows the
course of the ventilation showing all
necessary 'doors, stoppings, air crossings and also show the position and
extent of the brattlcing in the leading places. (10)
2. What is the specific gravity of
fire damp. In what parts of a mine
Is it most liable to collect.^ How
would you detect its presence and
what precautions would you enforce.
,       . (7)
3. Explain shortly the principle
mine ventilation and friction of air.'
Sketch an ordinary water guage and
say what information may be gained
by its use.' "        (9)
1 4. During theJji^ACtion_o_LtheJA;n-_
"derground workings of a mine In
which black powder is used for blasting, material, you find a small percentage of fire damp in the return air
leaving the last-face. You also observe that the face is naturally wet,
but the haulage road is dry and dusty.
What further observations would you
make and what action, If any, would
you take? (7)
5. What Is the meaning of the
expression "spontaneous combustion."
Enumerate the gases given off from
an underground fire and discuss the
one you consider most dangerous,
describe the effect upon a man
breathing a diluted mixture of this
gas and air and explain how you
would proceed to detect small quantities of the same. (8)
G, If a cortaln pressure produces
20,000 cubic feet of air per minute in
an airway C feet in diameter; what
quantity of air will the samo pressure
produce In nn airway 12 feet in dla-
motor assuming the airways have
equal lengths? (9)
7. Stato what points you consider
most essential ln selecting a safety
lamp. Describe with sketches somo
form of safety lamp with which you
aro familiar and which you consider
most suitable for ordinary miner's uso
(9)
8. Describe briefly how a shaft
should bo ventilated whilo sinking
operations aro bolng carried on nnd
stato tho dangers arising from lank
ofvontllatlon. ,,   ■ (8)
li. If tlio quantity of air pnsRlng ln
an airway Ib 00,000 cubic foot psr
minuto and tho wator gun go Is I'Vo
Inches, what Is tho borsa-power producing tho circulation. (0)
10, How would you vontllato nn
underground stable tor fifty horses,
also, how would you vontllato an underground electric motor houso so as
to prevent dust accumulating and In
caso of flro? (8)
11, Doserlbo fully tho equipment
nnd operations of n shot lighter In a
dry nnd flory mine wIiobo duty It Ja
to flro twenty shots por day In coal.
(7)
12, Sketch anil doBorlbo with dimensions an nlr crojslwc over a main
linulnito road In a flat -seam. Tho
quantity of nlr to-puna ovor tho cross-
inn lr 30,000 cubic hot per mlnuto
and tbo thickness of the senm Is 6
feet. (0)
Candidates mtmt obtain IIO per cent
of the allotted jnarka to pnss.
5. How would • you drive a cross
measure tunnel 800 feet long dipping
1 in 12 to connect two seams of coal.
What applicances would you recommend for expeditious driving?       (9)
6. What considerations would
guide you in deciding whether to work
a mine by the long wall or stoop and
room method respectively. Sketch a
district worked by either method and
which is suitable for 26 men. Give a
section of the seam and the probable
daily output (11)
7. State the dangers attendant upon the use of coal-cutting machines
and how you would overcome the difficulties arising from a bad roof at
the face. (6j
8. Describe two systems of working coal with which you are acquainted and under what circumstances as
to thickness of the seam, nature of
the coal, and state of the roof and
pavement you would adopt, one in
preference to the other; always
keeping in view the working of the
coal in the easiest and cheapest manner consistent with the production
of the greatest amount of lump coal
and the safety of the miners.       (12)
9. Describe with sketches the
Fleuss Mine Rescue apparatus. Explain its principal and state what experience you have had with it.      (10)
10. Sketch the arrangements you
would make to tap extensive old
workings containing water under a
pressure of 200 feet. Show how you
would allow the water to come to
the pumps in such quantity as not to
overburden them. (8)
11. Two rectangular shafts are to
be sunk In the lignite field to a depth
of 550 feet, one being a downcast and
the other an upcast. , The daily output of coal is to be 800 tons and the
growth of water is 160 gallons per
minute from the bottom. Sketch and
describe how you would proceed v'ith
Binking operations, giving the form
and dimensions you would recommend for each shaft with details of
timbering, slides anil buntons.     (10)
Candidates must, obtain 50 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 4. Time—Three and a
half hours.
Machinery
1. Describe any contrivance that
may be adopted to prevent overwinding. ~- _ . (8)
-2. Give particulars of engine, ropes
and other appliances for hauling
800 tons of coal per day of eight
hours in cars holding l.F.^0 pounds
along a level engine plane:
 (a) By. endless rone. __
"?-       Tb) By main and tall. (10)
,> 8.' Show by sketches sections of
three, coal seams with which you are
acquainted "including four to six feet
of roof and pavement. Give full Petal's of the hard and soft portions
with any ribs of stone and also their
thickness. (11)
THE BRITANNIA
MINERS'TROUBLE
Describe some forms of coal-cutting
machine driven by:
(a) Compressed air.
(b) Elecrtlcity. (9)
4.   Without discussing the powers
in detail, explain the advantages and
disadvantages of employing compressed air as compared . with electricity
underground. (7)
9. If the water is found to be very
low ln a steam boiler (out of sight in
the guage glass) with the steam pressure up and a brisk fire, state fully
the steps that ought to be takon with
the object of avoiding an explosion.
(8)
6. The area of the piston of nn
engine Is 500 square Inches, tho mean
effoctlve pressure Is 30 pounds per
square Inch, the length of stroke Is
8 feet and the engine is making twenty strokes per minute. What is the
horse power? (10)
7. Describe some electric Installation you are acquainted with for underground haulago and say how the
current is carried from the generator
to tho motor. (8)
8. What Is tho breaking strain of
a plough steel winding ropp VA Inches diameter nnd what would you
consider to be a safe working load,
l (0)
9. Glvo sketch and description of
tho host type of shackle for mino cats
with which you tiro acquainted.     (8)
10. Describe somo torm of brake
used In connection with a hoisting on-
ffino, (9)
11. Whnt is tho principal of tho air
vessel ns used on mine pumps. Show
by sketch how un rflr vessel should
be fitted to a pump. (7)
12. A uump 12 feet In diameter and
25 foot deep Is full of water nnd has
an Inflow Of 20 gallons por minute.
How long will It tako a pump having
a 7 Jnch wator ond nnd a 14 Inch
Btroko nnd making 75 revolutions per
mlnuto to empty tho sump, tho efficiency of tho pump bolng 72 por cont.
(10)
Cnndldntes must obtain 50 per cont
of thu allotted murks to puss.
Paper No. 5.  Timo—Four hours.
Surveying "
1. Explain why tho K nnd W marked on tho plato of ft 'iiompasB nro
reversed from their truo ooaitlon*.
(0)
2. What Is meant by tho declination of tho compass noodle and how
does It vary from timo to lime?     (S)
3. describe soma method of, level-
While the Britannia Mine appears
to be winning out in its fight with
the Miners' Union, there are some
features of the dispute that cannot
be overlooked. The Lemieux Act
was devised with a view to stopping
strikes and lock-outs by providing for
investigation, a public report defining
the points in dispute and recommendations for amicable settlement In
the case of the Britannia dispute the
Investigation provided for by law was
held. It showed the vital point at issue was the right of the men to organize. The commission reported
that the men were in the right and
their demand should be conceded.
In tbat case it was the duty of
the Britannia Company to loyally accept the decision. Had the men been
at fault and refused to accept the
decision their action would have been
condemned, and rightly so. . . .
and labor are necessary to each other,
and the more harmonious their cooperation the better are the results
The Britannia is a foreign-controlled corporation, and it has no
moral right to set the bad example
of placing at defiance a law designed
to reduce disputes between employer
ani employed. The laws of most
British Dominions recognise the right
of the workers to organize and protect
the funds of such organizations. If
these laws are. to be set at defiance
by representatives of. capital who are
vitally interested in the maintenance
of industrial peace, we cannot wonder
at the spread of revolutionary socialism, which aims at the wiping out
of the rights of capital.
H. H. Stevens, -M. P., who took an
active part in arranging the'commission to settle the former difficulty,
and is well posted on the matters in
dispute, writeB from Ottawa: "I consider the action of the Britannia
Mines' as one absolutely contrary to
the arrangements I made, personally
with Mr. Edgar Dewdney last summer." .'Mr. Dewdney is president of
the company, though he has no control of its affairs. Mr. Stevens has
also taken steps through the Minister
of Labor, to urge on the Britannia
Mining & Smelting Company the desirability of being reasonable with
their workmen. The company would
certainly find this the best policy in
tbe end; and any other course can
only m^an much trouble and financial
,lpss_ahead!_where-Ithere--appears—to
be no good reason for anything but
harmony.—The Mining and Engineering Record.-
MILLER  IS FREE AGAIN
Maintains Silence as Deep  as That
Before  Speaker Sproule
OTTAWA, June 10—At 5:45 yesterday afternoon R. C. Miller, Canada's
noted state prisoner, walked forth
from the Carleton county jail a free
man, after being held as a prisoner
of the state for over six and a half
months. He showed but little effects
of his confinement and,,walking briskly, emerging fronr the office entrance
to the jail accompanied by another
gentleman, a personal, friend. Miller
was, as is usual, reticent and the
topics of conversation were practically limited to his expression of thankfulness for being released and the
persistency that characterized the
newspapermen who waited his appearance outside.
"Smile awhile, and while you smile
another smiles, and soon there's miles
and miles of emlles, and life's worth
while, because you smile." "
OPERATING ON
PRES, GOMPERS
WASHINGTON, June 10.—Samuel
Gompers, president of the American
Federation of Labor, was operated upon here shortly before noon today at
a hospital for mastoid abscess. Surgeons said his physical condition was
such as to promise a speedy recovery.
The labor chief was under the
anaesthetic a little more than an hour
and rallied strongly from its effects.
The surgeons said he had passed
through the ordeal very well. ., They
foresaw no complications.
IF YOU DON'T
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Watch the date of the expiration of
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WHEN YOU WANT
the Best of
Fine Neckwear, Sox, Caps, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots & Shoes, come to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold with a guarantee that if not Hitti«-
factory, you can r-ntuini if, ar,t) gofr ymir roonoy hn/ik
Paper tN'o, a. Tlmo-pThreo and a
half lioura, "       •»
Practical Work
il, iliuaiutu i,) tttotuiititl limboruiK
of which you havo had actual experience tn main ond working place*
whoro tho warn Is level, whoro it Is
of moderate Inclination and whero it
\* nf Ktf»f»r» InrHnnMnn. '-atntw Win .-«♦«
of dip In tlio laat two caaoa. (0)
2. Tho timbering of a shaft used
for hoisting; conl ahowa signs of col-
lapao. Stato how you would temporarily secure It and doserlbo fully
what means you would adopt In ro-
nawlnR It permanently, Ort)
3, Ulvo sketches of tho bout aafe-
ty applleanrca you know for mo on
landings and on Incline pl»ne« to
prevent accidents from car* running
Ioos«, ' {8}
Boscrlho what It meant by Uio
following: tcrma llluatratlnf ymir an-
•«r«r by **rt«*fa:
1*1 Vpthrnw holt.
(b) Anticline.
(e> Stratified deposit*. (71
THIRTY MILLLION
DOLLARS FOR INDUSTRIAL TRAINING
Basis of System    Recommended    by
Commissioner Is Local Initiative
and    Responsibility,    Under
Guidance  and  Advice  of
Provincial and Federal Experts
OTTAWA, Juno 10.—Tho report of
tho Itoynl Commlslon on Industrial
Training and Technical Education,
Instituted in July, 1910, by Hon. W.
L. Mackenzlo King, ex-Minlstor of
Labor, and tho Laurier Government,
and continued during the past two
years, was presented to Parliament
today.
Tlio commission, Under tho Chairmanship of Dr. James W. Robertson,
wns tho largest In porBonnel, tho widest in scopo and tho broadest In point
of territory covered of any commission appointed by any nation during
voconl yoarB, Us roport Is tho most
comprohoslvo and thorough of any
commission which has yot roportod on
tho Joint subjects ot Industrial training and technical education. If tho
proBont Government realizes Its opportunity nnd carries out the recommendation ot tliu couimlHMlon, tho
whole Bystom of 'education In Canada,
having regard to practical utility and
training for vocational work In prac-
tlcnlly ovory lino of Industry, will bo
rovolutlonlzod,
Tlio largo moaauro of this latter,en-
couraRomont may bo gauged from tho
fncl that tho commission recommends
a Fed oral grant of $3,000,000 yearly
for ton yoars, aggregating $30,000,000
for tlio purpose of getting tho whole
system woll started on a sound ImbIb.
It Is proposed that 7fi por cont of
this voto aliall go to tho Provinces direct on n par capita basis, arid 2(5 por
cont of tho vot(» shall be retained
for expenditure through tho central
Donrtlnlon board for organization, tho
securing of experts, etc. Kvory phase
of Industrial work Is provided tor, Including agriculture, practically all tho
an Inclination of 20 dogreoa.        /191
t.   not too following survey to a
wall' A Ail) Su.. ia ihu Inch MiO glvo
the length nnd bearing ot tho closing
lino:
Station Ilfinrlng Dlstnnco
i to 2..S, r.2.dogs, no mina. W..135 ft
2 to &..fl, 61 dfwSft rnlnn  V   110 n
3 to 4. .8. 18 deft*. U, mill*. W..I83 ft
t to 5..N, M degs. 30 mlna. W.,210'ft
r» to 6..S. in do*a.-lft mlna. W..108 ft
tt to 7..N. 82 dogs, OS minn. K...I78 ft
7 to 8..N. 19 degs 35 mlna. B,,. 104 ft
C. Deacrlftfl the mothod yon wntrM
adopt to malte a survey by (a) looan
nwdle. (M fast m>*d!(v (14)
ti. Htate what Information ia ro-
quired by the Coal Mini) Act to bo
shown on plana of mlft-M and what
further Information In your opinion
It la advldobi* to hare shown,      ttt)
?, mtit,i ■htiA imtribo .% winer'a
enmrm* nn,l atnti* what precautious*
you would take to prevent errors
whlto walriK it ijpifor-frouad.        (10)
IlnK. ll?. ui»dewoiMd_roa'd which" has^ ywtoua   phases   of   mjinufacturin-g,
household* sclenetv miinnnl frnlntm»
nnd drawing in schools, art, etc.
SOCIALISM BETTER
THAN THE CHURCH
TORONTO. June I*. -IU-V.' Dr. D. C,
Vti'tiMtt, Mi   Vi mini'" 9,, r> 1.11 in) Vim i'I<*»>-
bymrlnn Kucharlatlc Congress deeply
today when Iio declared the Socialists
to bo truer preachers of peace on
earth and good will io men than the
ministers of Canada churches. Hln
low? residence In (tarmany bad placed
htm In a juwUton «: .-Urn »..unalUy
with tho millions of Christian people
ot that ffro.it <. mpfrc, ir.*! '-V* jwv*if
blllty of a wur bet wen the ureal I'ra-
tealiint (cultural 1 power* of Ktin»ne
wwd bim and mov«(l him to an eloquence - which thrilled th* **o!t?rifs«,
again and again.
Dr. PRICE'S
eREAM
BAKING POWDER
Yon will find it a great satisfaction to do
More Home Baking
Vou will make biscuit, cake and pastry
clean, fresh and tasty—better every way
than the ready made foods.
Dr. Price's Baking Powder is specially
devised for home use, and makes home
baking easy and a delight. It will protect you from the dread alum baking
powders, which are too frequently found
7 in the ready made articles, and insure
you food of the highest healthfulncss*
John A. McDonald
FIRE INSURANCE
Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Agent
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120    . BLAIRMORE Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
*      COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A, CLAIR :■: Proprietor
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Steam Heated Throughout
ElcctriclLighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The heading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2,50 per day
With Private Bath $3.00
Firo Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
ORIGINAL 1 fle £
cHAfrrei?' oo**
t^**    **!*%   w    *r"!    -I^^^Wi,    9^**
"Cvk^lulUna bat* i,i> a.-.ii.i*..,...
lovo of country, no Idealism.
Ui& unhoraal bog."
.in
1* l*
' U 0k H II ■P"   MatW- | Hlff ■
M HJBflflS*   B' m li jw_tm  111   m M mm mm MM ■ III
NOTICE   OF  QUARTERLY   DIVIDEND
Notice la hereby glv<m that a Dividend at th<* mo* ni Seven o**.r cnn*.
i*V 1 J'fr uuuuiu upon tho paid up Capital Block of this Hank has beon
declared for tho three month* c ml Inn the .list May, 1913, and tho
aarao will bo payable at lt« Head Offlco and Ilranclms on and after
.Monday, Juno 2nd, 1013. Tho Transfer Hooka will bo cloied front tha
I7tb to tho 31 at May, 1913, both days inelualve.
ANNUAL   MEETINO
Tho Annual Meotlng of Uio Shareholik-ra of tho Homo Hank of Canada
••111 b« hm -it th** Una. Office. 5 Kins; st„ Wcit, Toronto, ou TuwOay,
tho Stth day of June, I&13, at 12   o'clock  tioou, .
Ity Order of tho Hoard, /
JAMBS MASON.
General Manager.
Toronto, April i«th, 191.1.
BY-LAW
TO   INCREASE   CAPITAL
Ii la Uw» Intention at thn ittmrti M-wtluj to submit for tho eon-Hder*.
llm and approval of tho Rhareholdera a Ity-Law to authorise tbe Inercaa**
0! tho Capital Stock of tho Bank to 15,000,000. PAGE FOUB
THE DISTRICT LEDGES, FERNIE,. Biti, JUNE 14, 1913.
I*.
»■■
i
\
il
J
i"
t
Published every Saturday morning at its office
PeUat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. . An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.    Advertising rates on application.   Up-to-date facilities
.for the execution of all kinds of  book,  job  and
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
" F. H. NEWNHAM Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48 Post Office Box No."*380,
SIR
GEORGE   ASKWITH,   K 0. B., AND THE
INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES ACT
"Such an act, while not ensuring complete absence of strikes and lockouts, would be valuable,
in my opinion, alike to the country and to employers and employed."
During the autumn of 1912, Sir George Aslc-
with, K. C. B. (etc, etc.) paid a visit to Canada
for the purpose of enquiring into the working of
the Industrial Disputes Act (1007) and to report
upon the feasibility of introducing a measure,
based upon same, in the United Kingdam. The
quotation at the head is the concluding paragraph
of his report which appears in the Labor Gozette
for May.
"We agree, however, with Sir George ,when he
catalogues the "employed" last—that is the consideration lie gets from this unique piece of legislation.
We do not believe the noble baronet intended
to be dishonest but, like many other Old Country
intellectuals who travels the west to ascertain
conditions and report thereon, lie has contracted
that very contagious disease which may one-day
be labeled in ' pharmaceutical literature ," as
"Cee-pee-ritis," and our belief of this is confirmed when we read ". . . . and no more warm
supporters of the act are now to be found in the
Dominion than leaders of railway unions. ..."
Sir George, no doubt, made most of his observation from the seat of the car that hauled him
across this continent, and in forming his conclusions would have the conditions of1 a certain class
of railway employee continually before him. "We
refer to conductors, trainmen,' engineers, firemen,
etc., and will admit that they have been fortunate
in obtaining conditions in advance of their less
fortunate brothers,—viz., freight1 handlers, clerks,
machinists and the numerous other workers engaged in transportation service. ,	
greed and is alwaVs ready to offer one class
a few crumbs more' to defeat the less
fortunate ones, which invariably happens to be the
actual produces. "When will these fortunates (1)
be prepared to throw in their lot with their brother worker? "Why should'they?. They will do so,
however, just so soon as they are compelled—not
before. One of the greatest impelling forces of today is the machine which is rapidly thinning the
ranks ofthe labor "aristocrats." But w,hy men
should be so foolish as to expect the "aristocrats"
to make sacrifice for his less fortunate brethren
we fail to understand. The whole thing is too
absurd—too ridiculous; might just as well expect
the capitalist to fall for the same thing.
After commenting upon the attitude of the western coal miners Sir George gets off the "chic" bit
of the report: "The second of the objections—
namely, the refusal of employers to accept recommendations from the boards—is, of course, expressly permitted by the act, just as the workmen
are also" permitted to refuse recommendations;
otherwise it would be a compulsory arbitration
measure."
We maintain that, insofar as the mine worker
is concerned, that he has no alternative but to
accept the decision of the board—true, he may
object, write minority reports and kick generally,
but to no purpose. The coal company will work
their mine ancl dig coal (so long as transportation
is available); men will come and-scab (just so
long as they can be shipped in); and a benevolent
and paternal government, to prevent auy possibility of a shortage, will remove the duty. Who can
blame.the railway companies for "tickling" their
engineers, conductors and trainmen with a few
extra dimes—provided the *■ latter will fight the
battle for capital? And who can sanely blame the
trainmen if they refuse to be identified with auy
movement which may jeopardize their condition?
Why certain unions should approve the act is not at
.ill remarkable and in no way disapproves the'fact
that this act, cannot possibly meet the requirements
of labor today—nor,candidly, can we conceive any
amendment which under our present system, will
improve or render same more effective.
No solid success can be claimed for the act, ani
the following extract from the British Columbia
Mining and Engineering Eecord is a pretty fair
indication of what the mine worker may expect
to gets generally from such legislature:
'.'.... In the case of the Brittania dispute the
investigation provided for by law was held. It
showed the vital point at issue was the right of the
men to organize. The commission reported that
the men were in the right and their demand should
be conceded."
The capitalist realizes that there are certain
classes he has to appease and he will do this just
so long as it is necessary and no longer. The miners here in the Crow realize only too well that no
effort is spared to beat them, and they know that
so long as thc present capitalist system owes
it existence and maintenance not to production,
but the waste resultant therefrom, so long will
the capitalist be content to use one section of the
workers against the other. The answer may appear exceeding plain to some of the quack solu-
liouists of today but it is not. The position is this
human nature is selfish; capitalism is built upon
(Continued from Page 5)
ear brought several joy ride parties
over the'Government Road.
.Miss Florence ^Billsborough entertained a few friends and acquaintances to a birthday celebration at the
home of her/parents in Coyote street
on Saturday last. The sounds of
laughter and - smiling faces bespoke
having a good time.
' Tuesday waa circus day and a large
number" of Creekities journeyed to
town on the morning train to witness
the street parade, etc. T he evening
train was filled to its utmost capacity.
The Creekities are certainly great on
a circus.
Monday was voting day for District
President. The figures for Coal CreeK
and Fernie being as follows: Voted
865; for Smith, 483; Stubbs, 370; 12
spoilt ballots. Majority for Smith,
113.
Coal Creek is famous for various
things; the latest is the champion
poultry raiser, Ed. Fairclough has 2
hens with 20 chickens each. Quite
a large family, Dick.
Miss Annie Winstanley was visiting
friends up here on Wednesday.
A large crowd of new arrivals
struck the camp on Wednesday.
Amongst them being the men who
were reported been imported from
the old country to Vancouver and who
on arrival at the latter place, found a
strike In progress and consequently
refused to start. Teddy saw some of
his old townies. We wish you' luck,
boys.
Tom Hampton, of Michel, was visiting up here this week.
■Miss M. Lowe was removed to Fernie hospital on Thursday morning to
undergo medical treatment-
Mrs. II. Murray and Mrs. J. Quigley
were the guests of Mrs. It. Billsborough on Saturday.
H. Atkinson Benefit Concert.
•The following is the statement of
accounts of the Harold Atkinson
benefit concert,„given In the club hall
on June 2nd under the auspices of
the Coal Creek Amateur Dramatic
Society.
Receipts "
By sale of tickets  $16,6.50
W. R. Wilson, Esq       5.00
District Ledger \      5.00
J. Woodhouse, Esq 25
Cash taken at door      8.25
midnight with' everyone in the best of
spirits. .      ,       .N
Looks as^if pay-day weddings in
Hosmer were -popular.' Another one
is to take place on Monday.'. If it's
pay-day you want you had better book
your date quickly.
District Secretary Carter and big
Karl were in Hosmer Monday on business.
It is said that Hqsmer, along.with
other camps, has a ,very, small percentage of outside men in the union,
but we make up for-it inside; practically all the underground employes are
members. '
Hosmer is noted for its good fishing; lots of trout and suckers here.
The doctors' agreement was discussed at quite a length at Sunday's
meeting of the local. • A special meeting will be called later to hear the
committees report.
' An elk calf was found shot through
the back about two miles on tbe
road out of Hosmer. The authorities
are trying to docate the inhuman
wretch that did it and it's to be hoped they succeed.'
SERIOUS ACCIDENT
AT GOAL GREEK
On the 2 o'clock train today (Friday) a rope-rider named Weir was
brought down from the mines with a
severe fracture of the leg in two
places. T
From later information we learn
that the injured man was employed in
No, 1 East, Coal Creek.
■> Up to the time of going to press we
were unable to learn how he is progressing or the exact nature of his injuries.
WRESTLING IN FERNIE
"In that case "it was the duty of the Britannia
Company to loyally accept, the decision, Had the
men been at fault and refused to accept the decision their action would have been condemned and
rightly so. . . ."—B. C. Mining and Engineering
Record. ^
"Had the men been at fault!" Certainly,,the
men were at fault—they wanted organization, absolutely the last thing that our masters will grant.
None realize better than our masters that the instance we quit squabbling and fighting among ourselves, that at that very moment their regime ends.
When will the workers discipline themselves?
$185.00
Expenditures
Printing    $10.75
C. Percy, for music     5.00
$15.75
Balance $169.25
Donated afterwards —   ■   .75
Total  $170.00
This is to certify, that I, the undersigned, have received the sum of
$170.00 from the Coal Creek Amateur
J)ramatlc_Society .	
Signed, HAROLD^ ATKINSON
On Tuesday next Pat Connollv,
champion wrestler of Groat Britain
and Ireland, will engage in a bout
with George Hughes, light heavyweight champion of Chicago, heavy
champion of American , fleet, aud
champion of Honolulu. Winners to
tr-ke gate receipts, Pat undertakes to
throw his man within the hour, and
■?» both will scale about samo—liT>-
180—a good exhibition should result.
In a hard fought v.'restling match
held in Ingram's gymnasium on Friday evening last', W. Sansom of Pincher .creek was given the decision
over G. R. Johnston of Fernie, after
an hour and 45 minutes of work that
tested to the utmost the skill and
endurance of both participants. Johnston got the first fall and during the
second period his shoulder, which has
been giving him considerable trouble
for some time, caused him so much
pain that, after he had been thrown
he refused to continue the match. The
decision, therefore, was given to the
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
FOR  SALE—Steamer .Truuk.    Apply Miss Frew, Pos: Office.      43-1 rp
GOOD BUTTER and EGGS FOR
SALE!—by Fanners. Address Thos.
Fitzgerald, Sec-Trea3, No. 471 United
Farmers of Alberta, Crossfield, Alta.
42-4tnp
MATRIMONIAL AGENCY of highest character. Strictly private, up-
to-date, seventh successful year. If
wishing to marry, Investigate our plan
—it is different. . Ideal Introduction
Club.   Box 1776, Vancouver, B.C, 38-6
FOR SALE—For $200,' northeast
portion of Lot 4, block 2, of Lot 5455.
West Fernie. Size 55 ft. by 132 ft.
Box 367, Trail, B. C. 3S-6
FOR SALE—7 acres, house and barn
one "mile from Fernie,- two creeks,
well, etc. Easy terms. Apply to C.
Ferguson, Gateway, B.C. 38-6tp
,-■-,. IF: YOU D,ONT
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
,Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which is printed on
the same label containing your address.     . ,
LIQUOR LICENSE ACT
(Section 48)
NOTICE, IS HEREBY GIVEN that
on the 20th day of June next,' application
will be made to' the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for the transfer of the .
License for the Sale of Liquor by Retail
in and upon, the premises known as the
Wardner „ Hotel, situate at Wardner*,
British Columbia, from R. H. Bohart, of
of Wardner, British Columbia, to Grant
Downing, of Fernie, British Columbia,
GRANT DOWNING,
Applicant for Transfer.   ,
R. H. BOHART,
Holder of License.
Dated this 23rd day of May, 1913.
All kinds of Household Furniture
bought in large' or small quantities,
also gents' cast-off clothing. Secondhand Store, Victoria! Avenue North."
FOR RENT—Four-roomed House;
meat kitchen, clothes closet, electric
light, water, etc. Apply, Wm. Barton,
agent Singers Sewing Machine Co.,
City 40-3tp.
FOR   SALE   CHEAP—Ten-roomed
House in centre of Fernie;    Lot   1,
Block 49, N.W. corner, Hanson andMc-
, Pherson Avenue;   Apply, C. Stephen-
(Contlnued from Pago 1)
opportunity to interview us and inform us of tho conditions.
"When wo arrived at Harrison Mills
wo wero met by ono 12, Welsh, of the
Cosmopolitan Employment Agency of
Vancouver, and wore requested by
him and tho said Dando to leave the
train thero and tako a boat which
was thoro for that purposo to convoy
uh to Vancouver Island without our
passing through Vancouver City. This
we refused to do, after holding a
meeting, and cnmo direct to Vancouver,
"Of our number twenty-eight aro
married, and none of uh would havo
left Un gland if tho conditiona had
boon truthfully represented to ub."
After tho men had reached Vancouver tho company officials brought
ton of their strlko breakora down from
tho mines at Cumberland and attempted to docoy tho mon from our
eatort by vigorously declaring no
Htrlko oxlHtod. Soductlvo offers of
nj.w elothlnk, food, tobacco, boor, worn
made—anything was theirs for tho
asking. Thoy wore told thoy could
fix thoir own price for thoir labor
If thoy would but go to tho- mine,
but! though strangers In a strange
land, homeless, friendless, penniless
and without honorable omploymont,
those men of men steadfastly refused
to prostitute thoir manhood., How different la this typo of man from tho
spineless lackey who falls sniveling
at tho foot of tho mino owners and
nulla his manhood to deTeat his follow-
mon. In order that the miners everywhere may havo warning to disregard
press reports which aro calculated tor
their deception, an artldo which appeared in tho Nanaimo Herald Ih
quoted bolow;
"Call Uy United Mino Workera of
America turned down.
"Nanaimo, H. U., May "?.—Alttiougn,
\i*Ail'\)i-ti,tuUi*.,l t:th»rln wi;i-<j uauli.; !.>;',
tlm union representatives "to call out
all the mino workera ln the Nanaimo
district, when the question was defeated by ballot, ovor nlnoty por cont
nf Win vntf»R mat *m>rt* in fftvnr nt fulfilling tlio agrcemont with tho mino
ownera and continuing work.
"Tho vote was taken In thn Court
TTouao, and nil clubs, hotels, saloons
nnd breweries Vero closed by order
of tlio Mayor, Perfect ordor prevailed
In tho municipality.
"The decision la .gratifying to tho
Rfneral public, and feeling throughout
tho city is now more optimistic than
at any time during the present yoar,"
Tho abovo article was published
floren day* after tho strlko had been
successful.^ inaugurated, during a
•timo wb*n «!! ih*, mine wral** were
on tb#> mirtAfti. fhe mine fan dead, and
not a pound of coal was belnir mined
fn the Nanaimo district.
F. FARRIKGTON
\ Our Letter Box |
**¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥¥AMft¥¥*¥***¥***¥
Coal Creok, Forino, B. C,
Juno, 7, 1013,
To tho Editor, District Ledger,—
Sir,—In your paper of a weok ago
I saw a noto ro a checker tournamont
for the champion ship of tho district.
All tho checker players would bo In
favor of this and whilo wo are likely
to havo sports on tho 1st day of July
It would bo a splendid opportunity
for thattournoy to bo, Included' In
tho town sports of tho day. Tho committee of sports would bo catering to
a good number of tho public, also to
tho grand old game, which Io so well
patrorilsod In tho old land of Scotland and England, and tho States; also tho colonies, where thoy havo thoir
town and country matches, Thn
mayor of Melbourne and Sydney often
presiding and'M.P.S, speaking at those
gatherings, where as many aa 171
tako part In thoso matches annually.
Why not this district mako a start In
lino with thoso matches? rirltaln vs.
America played an International
match In 190*1, result a victory for
Britain. Why not Canada'vs.,.ono of
tho" other* colonies, say New -Zealand
or Australia? Lot everybody Bay
"Yob!" and It can bo dono easily,
team touring Canada. Lot everybody
say "Yes!" and It can bo dono easily.
A Checker Club could bo easily
formed In Fornlo for this district.
1 am Sir, Yours truly,
EDWARD BRADLEY
(Mr. Bradley's suggestion as to a
1st of July tourney would, If carried
out, bo very Interesting, and tho expense   entail   should not ho great.
However, whether "this . .Is   feaBlblo
...       . ,
nut,    ut    nit,,   t.itiii*u   t.t   t,ii   ii;anU4t    t* uj
fwonpmvlonco ptmM Khmrtfl tmM he
played. If wo consider the" Interest
iiifllolont, tho necessary typo could bo
obtained and solutions and problems
published In the Ledger, Tho project
is certainly worth consideration.—
K.0,1
i* ,| Coal Creok, B. C.
at the timo of his arrest had that
day been given a note to get out a
set of tools. Those that wero responsible for his arrest and sentence botli
know this, yet they charged him wlfh
vagrnncy and gavo him tho heaviest
Glvo a man a squaro deal. If the
responsible authorities would' uso a
llttlo of their zeal In other.directions
thoro would bo fewor cases ot drunks
and vagrancy, and fewor aching hearts
and mlsornblo homes.
Thanking you ln anticipation.
A Lover of Justice.
ANCIENT  ORDER  OF   FORE8TER8
COURT FERNIE
Charter for abovo closos on July
14, and up1 to that dato the Entrance
Feo jwill bo $5; contributions, $1.00
per mouth; sickness, $1.0 por weok;
death benefits, $100.
Moot in Aollo's Hall overy second
aud third Moilday in tlio month.
•I3.2t.np J. M. WOOD, Sec.
Uev. B, M. Terloy, B. A., and *Mrs.
Terloy havo nrrlvod In Fornle, tho
formor to tako charge of Methodist
church, Ho will conduct the sor-
vices on Sunday, Mr. and Mrs. Tor-
ley, who aro from Bollovlllo, Ont.,
havo been engaged In missionary
work In China. Rov. J. F. Dlmmlck
will bo leaving at tho ond of tho
month for Prince Rupert, *
Sergeant Amborman, ot City Police and Constable , McRae, Michel,
loft, today with four prisoners for
Nelson and two tor Now Westminister.
THE 1818 THEATRE
Tho usual good program that this
houso offers WTTI bo* repeated for Fri-1
day night and; Saturday afternoon
utui uv cuing, One of ilia moat inVuaiu^
features of this house Is tho splendid
projection: clearness, absence of
flickers, with good dopth and mellow-
nosB of light,  removing tho slightest
rinnathmty nt 1-nliiry to r>vr>«l^t nr
headache. Tho foaturo film Is tho
famous 101 Bison "On tho Frontier,"
whilo six other fllmB comploto tho
program.
HOSMER NOTES
■^■'■•;i^v^^-^™T7^^^-s^j^r^r^'^r^?ii
■A ■*&& A^wM^^^^ts
 Asy&&Wfr'''''  "*
To the Editor District Lodger,—
Dear Sir,—Will you allow mu a little
space in your widely.,circulated paper?
In your Ngtjo of May 31 Ho'Vi' wa<> a
report of a caso from Hosmer woro
nnfi ■m.nnn tv.i« had I (<nrr.il tn f.nir
mtmtliB, hard labor, ns a vagrnul, A
vngrant is a man, is a person without
visible means of support and one who
sleeps In box cars, out-houscs and
barns.  Now, aB a matter of fact, this
mm «•«« boarding_ nm! rooming at -ubtCHp«0« which is prints en
toutu 20, Quuetta Hot';!. tto.'.-.ua-; lud y , , ,       . , , .   ,.,
worked In Hosmer 4 dayt the got one *h» •«"• Ubo' e6nta,n'n0 y°ur **
month for every day he woiIm-iD anddress.
SOMETHING  NEW
The Shirt Wslst Dance at Vlc'orla
Hall, Dominion night, will bo a novel-
ty and a hummer,  nooil music, 43-itap
IF YOU DON'T
Rtotlve The Ledgsr don't blame us.
Watch the date of ths expiration of
The most '■■ surprising occurrence
that took place in Hosmer since the
last notes was the local team's big
victory over Blairmore ' who they
trouneed to the tune' of G -1. This was
Hosmer's first league victory in
many moons and put the players and
supporters in high gloe. Hosmer
proved themselves by far the superior team and if they keep this form
up should leave the bottom of the
league at a rapid clip. Ono thing the
spectators admired about the Blalrmoro team was tho sportmanllke way
thoy took their beating. The game
was also the cleanest ever seen on
tho Hosmer grounds and gave the
He completely to tho statement that
Blalrmoro are a team of skin shifters.
Qulnnoy, of Fernie, gave every satisfaction ns referee, Tho following
team will represont Hosmer against
Bollovuo, at Bollovuo, Saturday, Juno
14th: A. Adamson, McQueen, Evans,
Rice, H. Adamson, Bateman, Hutchins,
Murray; Thornton, Myros, Paterson;
reserves, Rankin and McKolvlo
tralnor, Hutson.. All players requested, to bo on dock. ■ ;
Voting took place on Monday for
the loctlon' of President caused by
the resignation of C. Stubbs to tost
tho fooling of tho district in regard to
tho Lothbrldgo controversy, Hosmer
gavo Its answer in no uncertain manner as tho following figures will show.
Smith, 148;   Stubbs, ■43;   spoilt,   2.
Hosmor and Fornlo played a "frlond-
ly" gamo of.basoball at Hosmor Sunday, Fornlo winning by a score of
18-0. Hosmor oxcollod In booting
tho ball, honco thoir downfall.
Two or throo rather nrdont Individuals called a Bpoolal mooting of
tho football club. Tho purposes woro
many and varied. Howovor, tho storm
proved to bo nothing more than a
tompost In a ton cup with small
crests on tho waves at that, and at
tho end of tho session no harm had
beon dono.
" S. Kuryluk had tho misfortune to
got badly crumplod up in No, 2, north,
A. L„ owing to n car collision. It will
toko a wook or' two to got Stovo
straightened out but no nftor effects
aro expected.
John Morgan is working his hat off,
scraping up a local toam to boat the
Hosmer bnsnbnll nlnn. Thn onlv mm-
ments from whom Is, "Lot 'om all
como."
Mrs. W. Shaw was a Fernie visitor
Tuesday.
A gonoral mooting of tho Athlotlo
Association waB held on Friday laat
ti    1l.1llf.il    If    i|',v«    .1r.ril,1n,1    ll*.    Iinln    til n
basnballors and Junior footballers financially, There's some class to Hosmor Athletic Association, It was also
proved to give some halr-ralalng
event, such as a smoker or something,
In the near future.
Mr. R. fl. Oourlay w«* host' ttt ft
smoker on Saturday night to a large
party of friends to commemorate his
Joining the ranks of the benedicts.
An onjoynble timo wss spent, N. F.
Kendall occupying the chslr and keeping thlngo moving nicely. Messrs. Sfe-
Kelvle, nice, McKoe, Morgan, the
(chairman, and host snd s few other
rontrthnted mit«?fca! effort. Ot thfnf*
eaUbU and drlnlmblt there was
plenty.   Tho gatVieHtt* brohe up at
PAT CONNOLLY
Pincher creek man.   A considerable
amount of money changed hands. •
•Manager Pat Connolly received a
wire last Saturday from Freddie
Welsh's manager at the coast (Harry
Pollock) offering to bring in Freddie
and man but unfortunately arrangements could not be completed. However, we trust that at some lated date
arrangements can be made and feel
sure there are many among our readers who would appreciate such an
exhibition with Welsh as a drawing
card.
son, next door to property.
40-3tp
SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Someone will want those lots in Cedar Valley.   Better see Evans about them.
SOMETHING
THAT IS
6000.
Grand
Theatre
TO-NIGHT, Friday
n H I R A M "
A
RURAL
MUSICAL
COMEDY
18 - People - 18
Mostly   Girls
PRICES
50c. and 25c.
FOR SALE—A Snap; corner lot
60x120 and two houses on Howland
avenues Lot is level and houses are
one storey frame and one and*a half
storey block house and in good repair.
A"pply~to~Mrs7"Dorothy~HamiItonr"Nor
142 McPherson avenue. 42np
AT THE GRAND
Thero ls life and action in tbe moving pictures which will be •shown Monday and Tuesday, Juno 16 and 17 at
tho Grand next wook, action sufficient to keep up the Interest and amuse
the spectator throughout tho evening's
entertainment, This feature that
makes the pictures of more than usual
Interest is the fact that they wero
taken from scenes which transpired
at no great distance from this city,
In tho stato of Oregon. Thoy dopllctln
graphic detail the events which took
place last Soptembor at tho third annual roundup held at Pendleton, jn
that stato. Such an array of cowboys
and cowgirls woro there as to glvo one
tho lmprosslon that tho riders of tho
plains aro;'no less numerous at present thon they havo been In times
past. The number'who took part In
the cowboy sports must havo been In
tho hundreds and from this number
thoro was no dearth of riders who
lmvo In nny sense lost thoir art of
bringing tho spirited horso to obey
thoir wish. Some of tho wild cayuses
however, had thoir victories as woll
na tho men. In tho riding of tho
bucking horses tho number of tho cowboys who had to tako their 'measure of
tho oarth woro not tow, Tho pony
oxpross riding, tho cowgirls relay
race, the riding ot tho mavorloks and
buoklng Mils, tho roping actB, tho
catching and riding wild horses each
In turn hold the ,lntorost of tho audi-
ance and afford much amusement.
TENDERS—Sealed Tenders addressed to the undersigned will be received up to 8 P. M. on Monday, June
30th, 1913, for tho Plumbing, Heating
and Ventilating of New School at
Bellevue. Particulars on application.
Lowest or any tenders not necessarily
accepted. "W. H. Chappell, Sec-Treasurer Bellevue School District No.
1336. 43-ltp
FOR SALE—Quarter Acre, cleared
and cultivated, with 2 houses, 26 x 26,
plastered and well finished inside,
about 6 out-buildlngs. Good bargain
for cash, or terms. Sell both, houses
or each separate. North side, Hand
Avenue (near school) West Fernie,
Apply, Thos. Saunders, West Fornle.
43-atp
ATTENTION BRITISH COLUMBIA
TIMBER HOLDERS. — A wealthy
eastern corporation ls In the market
for sovoral well located, bodies of timber In south eastern British Columbia.
Must bo near railway transportation,
good logging chanco and flro risk.
Bond full Information of your ofi'orln^
giving quantities, detailed osllmatoB,
stumpago prices, terms and mau.i to
Box 104. , 43-ltp
GRAND THEATRE
JUNE 16th & 17th
The Positive Novelty ofthe
Year
REEL-5,000 Feet
THE
ROUND
UP
Pendleton, 1912
2 8HOW8 NIGHTLY
8TARTINQ   7   P.M.
Full of oxcltinff, thrilling
and awe-inspiring ovonts
A Veritable
Triumph
SPECIAL PRICES: 25c.i50c.
"REAL ESTATE GOING UP?'
Tho question is askod. Wo
answered: "Look around you
and sec.
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estato Prices Are Advanc-
,loo* ... ,. .., ,, ,*
Aro you allvo to tho situation?  It you nro wo can show
you n placo you can mako a
big profit on.
As compared to Inter on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
Dirt Cheap,
M. A. KASTNER
ALEX BECK BLOCK,
tt
FERNIE, B. C
ISIS THEATRE
BEST "
ALWAYS
TWO
REELS
101 FAMOUS BISON FEATURE
On The Frontier
A thrillintr Indian War Stoiy,   A real Western Picture,
made by a "cracker jack" company that knows how.     |
Other Interesting Subjects
TWO
REELS
" Fresh Air Filkins," an invigorat.
ing Imp. comedy.
"Sunny Smith," in"a sunny Victor
comedy.
" Strictly Buiiness,M an Awful Foot.
A split reel of Crystal Comedy with
Pearl White. -
I
s
s
"His Ideal of Power." Powers'
drama* with Edwin August in the lead*
ing role.
".Blnker,. the Strike Breaker," a
laughable hit
"A Study in Crayon," An educational scene.
SPEC1A L t PRIM V AND SA TURDA Y EVENWOS, AND SA TVNDA V MA TINEE THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, JUNE 14,1913.
' ""'*'''P^^l    „
."^f;:''^f"
PAGE FIVE
r"""™""™"'"""^
 ■ ■ :  rTTtf,fH*?»MTHTMH»¥^*fy^»ym¥¥¥¥¥-»»¥»¥»»»»*<»>MK^TYYYTYYt^YYYTTY^trYTm*7*rn
PASSBURG NOTES
By "Observer."
The "Observer"- It seems, has taken
a great view of this city and he can
not understand the reason why the
C. P. R. do not employ an agent at
Passburg depot the same as they do
in other places. The' condition ol
things.at present is something like
this: If a person sends aa order out,
such as a pair of boots or anything
else, he. is forced to go to Bun-mis
depot or Hillcrest, and both places
are quite a distance from Passburg.
I am not in a position to say that the
little business men has anything to
say whether the Seo Pee R. shall or
shall not station an agent here, but,
nevertheless it's just about time to
holler, and the • "Observr-r" ls trying
to do it, whether Shauguessy will here
or. not—can't say!
The Shivvereetin band of Passburg
paid a visit to the home of Mr. and
Mrs. Webster tjie other evening and
played a few, choice selections, which
was much enjoyed by the happy
couple, who lately joined the noble
armyo.of martyrs. The'-music at a
distance, may not have been appreciated, but the "Observer," at short
range,, thought that, the . notes were
very distinct. Well, Harry, old boy,
may you and yours enjoy happy days.
' A very unusual accident occurred at
the mine here last Thursday when
one of the mine horses got one of his
fore-legs badly smashed. The horse
was standing'in the tunnel, outside of
some loaded cars, when, in some unaccountable manner, the horse got
crushed between the motor and the
loads. It is a severe loss to the company, as it had the reputation of being the best horse in the i mine.
A grand concert and dance was
held at the home of Mr. and Mrs,
Barnhill last week, and was ■ a pronounced success. The loal talent was
right there with the goods and the"
dancers certainly, had the opportunity of their lives for displaying what
they knew about the fine points of the
pastime, the floor being in the pink
of condition, thanks to the host and
hostess, whose kind attention to all
is much, appreciated.
A new locomotive has been installed at the coal company's yards tq replace tiie old' engine which had become very loose jointed of late, and
the new .one, fIllaiaJonKJelt_want	
•Mr.--Fowler has,returned from his
trip to High River, bringing back with
him a fine horse which replaces
the one- that got killed the ~ other
week. ~  ■
Mr. Julian, an old timer of Michel,
was through most of the camps,- Passburg Included, organizing for the
Owls, and he reports having done
fairly well, but it is a pity that Pass-
.burg has not developed itself sufficiently so as to enable them to secure a
lodge here, instead of having to go to
Bellevue.
Dick Beard Is now training under
the keen management of Jack Twigg,
preparatory for tho coming sports fit
Bellevue. Jack thinks there ls a race
or two in the old stiff yet.
Charlie Puches ot Hlllcrest, an old
timer from up the Pass,, was, seen
driving through.Passburg Sunday last,
bound for Burmis, What's to do,
Charlie?
The sports of Passburg aro eagerly
waiting for July lst whon thoy will
have the opportunity of onco moro
whipping the stream ln quest of spotted beauties.  v Q
Doctor Bell, of Pnssburg, must bo
having qulto a busy time thoso days
with the youngstors, there being qulto
a number of children down with tho
moaslos, malting It nocossnry for the
closing of tho Bchool.
Passburg can now boost of nn automobile, ono hnvlng boon purchased
by Mr. Ithowl at tho storo, which may
bo seen buzzing along ln tho cool
hourB of tho evening on our up-to-dato
road.
Tho result of tho oloction for tho
presidency In Passburg: Stubbs, 15;
Smith, 77; Maplo Loaf. Stubbs, I);
Smith, 4-1; Burmis, Stubbs, 10; Smith,
45. Majority In tho threo camps ior
J. E. Smith, 119.
Miss B, Thompson, of Elko, pnid ti
flying visit to Passburg on Sunday
evening nnd left" on Monday's local
train for Plnchor City. Jl. Is always
looking good,
T, 0, Hnrrlos has got his horse In
fine shapo for tho first of July at
Bellovue racoB.
Tho Davenport Coal Company aro
exercising ovcry onorgy In order to
develop No. 1. seam,
Tho mine ls working at Its fullost
capacity although thoro seems to bo
a Bhortngo of tlmbor packers just at
present.
A fow errors nppoared ln tho last
Issuo of tho Ledger, showing that
some persons contributed $22.50 In-
stond of $2,00, But tho Observer Is
pleased to learn that thoso Involve
ar« convinced thnt It ia n tvpowipM.
cal error.—(Mon Culpa!—Kd.)
I tin hotel clerk at t'assburg Is complaining severely against the High
temperature of the-last few days. We
will have a cooler soort, mil, so do
not worry.
OUT   rOli   irlrtrt/l^   J mnl;   p»~;-:-,   }.ZZ
loft this beautiful burg to aoolc new
pastures somewhere around the north
pl« where thoy do not employ mixologist.  Qood luck, Jack.
The Obserror has obtained information that Pmsburg church Is going to
have a basaar In tho very nwr fnhjrre.
Miss J. Duncan and Miss A. Maryanclt
are doing everything In the wav nf
making it success.   Oo to It, girls.
Doctor Dell Is going to add an extension to his fcoute, as soon «• lumber can bo procured, In order that
whon sn accident occurs he can «c-
commodate the Injured temporarily,
The PSMbur/r M*l* Vole* purtp am
making rapid strides toward* being
recognised In the musical world, and
will tn th© near future be seen In
public. ,
^ The Owls held their first meeting
on Sunday last at Bellevue, which
was well attended.- Any individual
desirious of joiniffg the Owls should
see Mr. John Thomas of Passburg,
who is authorized to act on behalf
of that society.
The mines here are working steady,
and the prospects are good for the
future, "
Mr. L. Stubbs has left for the Edmonton Coal -Mining District, as manager. Well, Len, good luck to you;
the boys of Passburg will certainly
miss you.
Look out for the up-to-date concert
and dance which is now under way,
and will be dated in the near future,
and run under the guidance of T. J.
Harris.
TABER NOTES
(Received Too Late For Publication
in Last Week's Issue)
Our old friend, Harry Brooks, has
returned to camp, after a few months
in the Pass. Harry reports meeting
many old time Nova Scotia friends
at Hillcrest.
John -Mclvor had his foot hurt last
week by a piece bf stone.
. Len Bailey got his foot caught by
a car, causing him to lay off for a
day or two. • The last season at the
Canada West has seen more small
accidents than ever berore, arid it has
told heavily on the sick and accident
fund.
• The big mine will be idle on Thursday. It has ran steadily for the last
seven days.
Andy Strettbn has taken the position of storekeeper for the Canada
West Co.
Mr. Fenton, the bookkeeper, has
gone to spend a two months' vacation at his olg.Jioine in New York.
Harry iMoreby has returned to
camp and got a start at the big mine.
There', are more men employed here
this summer than ever before.
, The business men of Taber had
a big "blow-out" at the King George
Hotel on Monday night, same being
given as a welcome to the new Industrial Commissioner. ]__
BELLEVUE NOTES
Mrs. William Fisher arrived in
camp this week from Lancashire, England, to join her husband arid sons,
who have heen in camp for some
time. Housekeeping, is better than
"baching", Wtllian.
Quite a few of the sports went to
Hillcrest to take in the football game
between Hillcrest and Coleman.
The officers and members of the
Bellevue band wish, through the col-
urns of the Ledger, to thank the officers and members of Bellevue Local
Union for the sum of $20 donated to
them at the last regular meeting towards the purchasing of instruments
for the band. ,
James Cousens was at Frank' on
Monday, as neutral scrutineer for the
election.
The local football team went to
Fernie on Saturday to play the league
fixture with the Fernie team and suffered defeat. It Is understood that
the game has been protested on the
grounds that the field was not marked
out. Some of the boys came home
with sore feet from getting into holes
on the field'.
Hello! Everyone should come to
Bellevue on July lst; $1000 in prizes.
There will be boxing, wrestling, foot-,
ball, baseball, horse races' and all
kinds of field sports; the best time
you ever had Is waiting for you at
Bellevue on the 1st of July so don't
fall to be there on that date. All roads
lead to Bellevue on July lst.
The election for the President of
the District was held at Bellevue on
Monday.and the balloting were as
follows: Smith-, 153; Stubbs, 91, with,
six spoiled ballots.
The two 'Misses McNavin were in
camp on Sunday, visiting their father,
from Lethbridge. They returned home
on Monday.
Mrs. James Lindsay is now occupying the house lately vacated by Mr.
Joseph Verdin.
' 'Mrs: Charlie ^Hewitt, of Blairmore,
was visiting in camp, on Monday.
The' new" school that has been talked ' of so long in Bellevue seems to
have come at last. Mr. Wheeler, of
Frank, signed the contract this week
and intends starting right away. The
school is badly needed in Bellevue.
Billy ;Cole is making some altera-
has but recently arrived ih the country and is somewhat reticent about
discussing his prowess on the football
field, but gave - instead a practical
demonstration of his abilities, in a
practice game, that brought gladness
to the hearts of the enthusiastic followers of the sport. Mr. Mitchell has been the recipient of
many valuable tokens and is the
possessor of numerous handsome
medals in ■ testimony to the results of various encounters in the Old
Country. It goes without saying that
the Bellevue team will be materially
strengthened with the advent of this
latest star and will prove' even more
formidable contestants to the aspiring teams of the Crows Nest Pass
Football league.—"Onlooker,"
MICHEL  NOTES
A-large number of people were.in
town on Tuesday to see the "Made
in Canada Exhibition train." Quite a
few of King George's loyal subject
were taking a holiday in his honor j
and two baseball games,were played
during the- day. One in the afternoon
between Bow Island Juniors, and Taber Intermediates which went in
favor of Bow Island by a score of
9-4. The other game was played between Grassy Lake and a team supposed to be the Fiber Seniors. Some
of the players wore the last year's
uniform of tho Taber Crescents, and
that's about all the claim they had to
being ball-players. One amusing feature of tho game was whon a Grassy
Lake man hit a fly ball to center
field, which was caught, but the runner didn't notice, and kept on around
tho diamond. When tho fans saw,
they bogan to root for him, and the
way ho made up the home stretch was
sublime, only to learn he was out beforo he got to second base, It was
tho only interesting part of the
game.
Dan Plttley has bought an acre
lot In tho north ond of town, and will
move onto it shortly.
Will Cook has also purchased a
house and lot and taken up his residence thoro,
Work Is proceeding on tho now electric light plant. Tho concroto work
Is nonr finished and tho machinery
ls expoctod dally. Tho management
expect to turn on tho julco by tho
first of July.
Tlio government aro making somo
Improvements to'the rtlvor Hill, cutting down tlio grade and widening tho
rond. Tho work is bolng dono by
convict labor.
Jim Datoman has riiovod hia family
to tho south sido of tho track.
Tho Board ot Trado aro making
nrrangomonts for a big colobrntlon
on Dominion Day.
tions"In_fronfTniTe~pooI room.^where
he has a soda fountain and ice
cream department nicely done up.
Give him a call.
Mr. Hector McDonald is building
a new house at Maple Leaf which he
will be occupying in the near future.
■Mrr. Wallace Raynor ls severing
his connection with A. I. Blais this
week. His place will be . taken by
Mr. Perry, of Hillcrest.
A pretty wedding took place at the
home of Albert Padgett on Saturday
evening, when his brother-in-law,-Edward Coupland, was united In wedlock to Miss Mary Ann Billson, of
Nottingham, England. The happy
couple will reside here.
The Rev. W. Irwin, who left here
some time ago to attend the Methodist Conference, returned homo on
Friday with his bride, having got
married at Calgary. Ho was given a
reception at the church here.
'Miss Annie Allen was visiting
friends at Coleman on Sunday. She
returned homo on Tuesday all smiles.
Bellevuo Band will render following
program on Sunday, Juno 15th, commencing 8: ,10 p, m,: March, "Easy
Does it;" soloctlon, "Lusln Mlllor;"
Nautical Fantasia, '"Tafulgar;"
March, "Plnchlnollo;" grand selection, "War Songs;" Fantasia, "Man-
rlco;" March, "Captain Courageous;"
Paraphnso, "Dulce Domum," "God
Save tho King." Collection to bo
takon In aid of tho band,
Tho management of tho Bollovuo
Football toam aro to bo congratulated
on their ontorprlso In securing tho
aorvlcoB of Mr. Ernest Mltcholl, the
omlnent English football exponent,
for tho coming eoason.   Mr. Mltcholl
COAL CREEK
An ambulance competition is to be
held in connection with the sports on
July lst, when four gold medals are
to be given to the winning team,
which will be decided by a medical
man. This Is the first time an ambulance competition has been held- in
Michel and been confined to members
of the Michel Ambulance Association.
It is hoped that all members past and
present will take part.
, - At the regular meeting of the K.
Ps. held on Wednesday evening last,
the election of officers took place
for the" coming half year, and was
followed by a social evening. There
was a good, attendance of members'
present.
• Mrs. R. Heap and family, of Pincher
Creek, are guests of Mr. and Mrs. A.
A. Hopwood down New Town this
week.,
The local secretary of the U. M. W.
of A. was distributing the new buttons
last week for the second quarter. All
members not. having received them
can have same by applying to the
secretary at his office. The regular
meeting wiir be held on Saturday
nights 'until further notice notice, instead of Sunday afternoon.
Hoo! Hoo! the order of Owls are
trying to start up afresh in the camp
and notices to this effect are posted
along with the "nine reasons" wliy
you should join. Jump in and get
your feet wet.
Sports will be ; held here on-gJuly
lst;_ the various committees met on
"Monday Further particulars next
week.
Several rigs and-other conveyances
were in use last Sunday to convey the
baseball team arid a few enthusiastic
fans to Crow's Nest, the locals returned defeated, though not disgraced, by
the score of 5-40. A return match
will be played here on the "cinder,
patch" on Sunday next, when we hope
to have a different tale to tell.
The local Derby came off last week
but not as expected. Why? Because
Michel won and Coal Creek were defeated for the first time this season.
The game" started at 4:45 p. m. before
a fairly large crowd. Michel kicked,
off. There was a bright sun and a
slight breeze blowing but the reds
soon got going and scored tho first
goal ln ten minutes, dob Johnson doing tho trick. Tho Michel boy6' began to exert themselves soon after,
and from a cross from the right wing,
Fred Beddlngton was unmarked, and
with a good drive boat Tommy Banns
and equalized, A few minutes later
Brlsco contered 'again, and to the surprise ot tho crowd, and especially to
the samo goaler, tho ball wont ln at
tho far corner, making Michel 2-1.
Soon after the kick off a third goal
was scored, but disallowed by tho referee for off sido, nnd nt half time no
further score had boon mndo. On
changing ends both teams scemod
determined and soon Coal Crook woro
In difficulties ngaln. Llttlor, of
Michel, gottlng botwoon tho backs
just tu timo and scored tho third goal
for Mlchol. After this tho Creok team
bocamo disorganized nnd a llttlo 111-
feeling crept In between Bomo of tho
players for a Bhort time, Whyto who
had shown some good play up to this,
being one of the aggressors. The
final came with Michel winning three
goals to one. J. Wilson, of Fernie,
was the referee. Good for you, Michel,
try and keep it up; you have a fighting chance yet to get for league honors.
J. Heney is deputizing for R. Sprus-
ton as fire-boss in old No. 3 mine this
week, Bob having gone to the I. O.
O. F. convention, held at Nanimio,
V. I.
A wrestling match has been arranged to take place on Saturday between
Harry Phillips (who has accepted the
challenge thrown out some time ago
by Jarvls Halton) both men are of
Michel. A good match is expected,
and will take place in the Opera
House after the show of pictures.
Mr. and Mrs. Joe, Worthington
were visitors. to Mr. Alex. Almonds'
of New Town last week end.
■ The election for District President
took place on Monday last, and a good
representive vote was recorded;
the question asked, is, who's elected;
the result will be given later, of
course. Tom France of Fernie was
acting as scrutineer here.
Accidents have been ■ rather numerous again this last' week; on Monday afternoon a driver named Geo.
WltherlngtoU, in old No. 3 mine, received a compound fracture of the
leg and internal injury, also the end
of his index finger torn off, by being
run over with cars. Another driver,
Pete J. Hlac, on the same afternoon, in
No. 3 east, was also" injured somewhat
similiar, being run over 'by steel cars
used in that mine. He was severely
injured about the'hea'd and chest and
had his collar bone broken. Both were
taken to the hospital, after first aid
had been-rendered, and aro progressing as favorable as possible under
the care of Dr. Weldon.
Members of the Ambulance Association who are desirious of competing
ln the gold medal competition are requested to arrange teams of four
Stacey, the secretary, not later than
and give in their names to A., R.
Wednesday.
Dr. Weldon, who is very busy these
days, is moving with the times, -having bought an automobile. Great
burg this, Doc, for automobiles.
. Another big match Is billed for
Saturday, when Coleman is expected
as visitors here, and a smoker is being given after the games. The follow-
-ing—are-expected—to-do-the-kicking
and bring in two more points: Goal,
Jim Moores; full backs, Sam Hampton
and Wm. Samuels; half hacks, Tom
McGovern, W. Whitehouse and Sam
Weaver; forwards, A. Arden, Fred
Beddington, Joe Littler, Harry Brown
and Bert Dayls.
A general meeting is called for the
members of the football club on Sunday evening in the Band Room. All
members are requested to turn any
unsold fixture cards and monies in
to the secretary, Mr. Geo. Beddlngton.
Meeting at 8 o'clock sharp.
Brisco's
125,000 People
Big Bargains
in our line of
fine shoes,
for June Pay
R. I. BRISCO
Blairmore
Will See
CALGARY
Industrial
Exhibition
JUNE 30th
TO
JULY   5th
$110,000 will be expended to
help thorn enjoy it.
Reduced passenger rates.
Freight paid on Alberta Exhibits.
Live stock unexcelled in the
West.
Splendid program of Muiic, Vaudeville. Fireworks. Races
I. S. G. VAN HART
President.
R. B. RICHARDSON
Manager, Calgary.
A. I. BLAIS
Grocer
We carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
Tom Martin was admitted to hospital on Friday last, aa a rosult of a
slight accldont. Wo hopo to soo you
around soon, Tom.
Tho roothall onthuslastlcs of tho
camp vi ore takon back whon tho
roHiilt of tho football match, Coal
Crook vs, Mlchol*, was phoned up;
3*1; ls a drubbing, boys! Tbo ozone
must. Iiavo been too strong;., or else—
—. Novor mind, boys, wo look to you
io   ivwictv   )*iulavium   ou   aulumu}
npnlnnt WHctm*.
Conl Crook foothall club ontortalna
Illllcrost football club up hero on Sat'
urday, Kick ott at 6 o'clock. Aftor
tho match a grand smoking concort
will be linld in the club hall. To-
tiacco* iuul j>il*-« wiil tie provided.
A good timo Is assured. Admission,
60c. Smoker commoncei 8 o'clock.
Como and enjoy youriolvoi.
Tho Coal Creek lino up for Saturday
against Ttlllnrost Is as follow*: Goal,
T. Banns; back*, J. McLotchle, W.
MeFeiuiv, \ii\t backs, ,1. Sweeney, W.
Parnoll, Ft. Whyto; forward!, J, Harper, O. Booth, J. Manning, I\ Join
•on, It. Johnatone; reserves: P. Armstrong, Ed. Reid; roforoo. J. Wilson
of Vttmie,
Several peoplo from Fornle ware
taking In the ilghU of this burg on
Sunday last. What think y« of tho
tttrd-uu city ol tbo ww»U    Huuulo't
(Oontlnnod on Paso i)
!iSIBWSJSI3JiME!BlSI^^
WHERE TO
Celebrate The First 11
Bellevue,  Alta.
MONSTER SPORTS
IS
AND
|^ • 1
vjcLP IllVcii
Under thc Auspices of thc Bellevue
Athletic Association
Dominion Day
A very successful smoker was hold
In tho new club on Saturday, June
7th. Mr, ,T. Parker, mannger at the
Diamond City coal mine, presided nnd
In his opening address wish tho, club
ovory success, and hoped .that all tho
members would tako all, tho Rood advantages that tho club offered, "there
bolng ,a good reading room, writing
rpom, card room, billiard room, and a
bar whoro temperance drinks can bo
got at reasonable prices. The pro-
gram for tlio evening wan songs and
recitations from Mr. .1. Parker, Mr.
A. Bryant, Mr. C. Sooloy, Mr. J.
Tliornhlll, Secretary North Diamond
Local 2178; Mr. J. Dolanoy, Mr. J.
Simpson, Master Mechanic; Mr. A.
D. Altroy, Mr, J. Main, Mr. S, Potor-
yolll, Mr. ,T, Derby. Mr. Flfo plnyod
sovoral Interesting Lines on his bagpipes, which was well received
Tho popular church of Kngland
mlnlstor, Rov. ,T. Grant, Interested tho
mombors with a Bong and a recitation.
Tho ovonhiK wna woll spent, overyono
enjoying tho smokor. "fiod Save tho
King" was sung nt thc closo.
The Store the People Own"
COLEMAN F05BED
A Gift To Regular Customers
OF $5,000
A circular lias boon sent to every customer
giving particulars. If you have not read it
ask at tho store for full particulars. Grocery
specials every day. Dollars can be saved
como to thc store find got sonic.
Keep the Money in the Pass
THE
WESTERN
CANADIAN
Go-operative
COLEMAN
TRADING
CO., LTD.
Aro reforming: under the new Co-operative
Associations act.
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
55255-5S2- "The Quality Store —
JULY Ut, 1913
$ 1,000 in Prizes
FOOTBALL, BASEBALL, BOXING
Wrestling, Horse Races, Field Events, &c.
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots
SHOES AND CROCKERY
/'
V
SOLE  AGENT FOR, THE CELEBRATED
"House of Hobberlin" Cloth in? ancl alsn Rp^i sw*
rmmB^msm&wi^m^AjWjm^mmmmmjpm
Just arrived, another shipment of
Extra Ohoico Eating Applet
$1.75 por box
Good Sound Cooking Apple!, $1,60 box
I'resih i. fiouM*.., llii'tic limuH ii week.
Strawberries on Saturday
The Night IJ.ii.iK The Might TraiUiuuil,
Tho Hight I'ri-'o, fiwh nnd every timo.
Wo linvi' iihv.Mvv dllm-red 10 per cent,
off dry pwids, and 5 per cent, off
WE LEAD, OTHERS FOLLOW
Phone 25
Victoria St.
Blairmore, Alta. PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERHIE. B. 0, JTJHE 14,1913.
kUMlMkg
'//
Mineworkers Strike
\
on Vancouver Island
Contributed by W.  R.  Trotter, — Organizer Trades and Labor Congress
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
ls no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our apquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here.
KENNDEY & MANGAN
— Dealers In —
Lumber.   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Moulding*,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Since the first of May the strike of
wages was  ever admissible.    When men to quit work unwillingly.   That
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
-Call-in-and-
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
SYNOPSIS OV COAL MINING
REGULATIONS
COAL mining rights of tho Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatohowan. and
Alberta, the. Yukon Territory, tho North
West Territories and Jn a portion of
the Province or British Columbia, may
bo loaaod tor a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an aero.
Not more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant. *
Application tor a'lease must be made
by the applicant In person to tho
Agent or Sub-Agent of the.district In
which thn rights applied for aro situated.
In surveyed territory tho land must bo
dMHcriheil liy huuiIoiir, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurvoyod
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by tlio applicant hlmsolf.
Iflach apllcn.tion must be accompanied
by s. feo of $!> which will be refunded If
the rlKhts applied for aro not available,
but nol othorwlBO. A royalty shall bo
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mine at the rato of five conts por ton.
The poruon oporatlnK tho mine shall
furnish the Agont with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty tlioreon, If the coal mlnlnj?
-•-*-'- aro not bolng operated, such
should bo furnished at least
once a yoar.
The loase will Include the coal mlslng
; rights only, but tho leusc.p may bo per-
mlttoil tu purohaso whatovor available
surface rights may bo considered no-
cosfiary for tho working of the mine
at thu rato of f 10.00 un acre. ,
,Por full Information application
should b« made to tho Hooretary of the
Department of tho Interior. Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
Vf, W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of tho Interior.
N.D—Unauthorised publication of.this
advertisement will not be paid for.
rlglits
returns
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., L D 8„
DENTI8T
Office; Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Abovo Wensdoll'B Drug Storo)   o
Phono 121
Hours: 8,30 to 1; 2 to 5.
ItAitdoncoi 21, Victoria Av«mio.
miners  has  been  complete throughout the whole of Vancouver Island,
although  the  present  centre  o'f interest is at Nanaimo.    This city is
only two hours journey   by   modern
steamship, yet very few facts concerning the present industrial upheaval
have reached the public on the mainland.   The miners emphatically claim
that what little news has so far appeared has been distorted ahd biassed
and that the story of the miners has
never yet been told in the daily press.
The first open breach was in the
fall  of  last year  when  the  miners
employed by the Canadian Collieries
Company  at  Cumberland    "took    a
holiday" on September 16, as protest
against the dismissal of two members
of a "gas committee" and alleged discrimination against these men so that
tliey could not again obtain employment in the district, notwithstanding
the fact that their report was endorsed by the findings of the government
inspector.
Inasmuch as their safety depended
upon thorough inspection and correct
reports, and it appeared to the miners
that the presentation of correct reports meant dismissal, and besides
the question of wrongful dismissal
there was the further possibility of
future committees being successfully
Intimidated to the jeopardy of the
lives of all in the mine, a stand was
taken against such action.
They at that time felt sure, that
their protest, which- was "simply a
demand for the proper administration of the Coal Mines Regulation
Act, would be considered, but, the
government has turned a deaf ear to
every entreaty and appeal in this
matter, although representations have
vbeen made from various quarters in
the province.
Locked Out at. Cumberland
Immediately upon the "holiday' of
protest" being declared, the owners
posted a notice that tools were to be
withdrawn and the mines closed indefinitely—practically declaring a
lock-out. Following this action the
Ladysmith miners two days later
(September 18,) quit working for the
Canadian Collieries Company as a
protest against the treatment of the
Cumberland men.
For seven months this condition
of things has continued, while the
Nanaimo and South Wellington men
have remained at work for the'other
.three_companies-operating-in-the-diS"
trict. Because these men have- remained at work it' has been assumed
in some quarters all was serene at
Nanaimo camp. The facts prove the
very opposite" however, and the mine
owners at Nanaimo*-have known for
years that there was a seething discontent among the men in their employ.
Working conditions there, as indeed
at all of the other mines on the
Island, were anything but satisfactory to the miners. Various attempts
have been made to organize, and
unlonB of different kinds have'existed
from time to time, only to recognise
their futility and weaknoss whenever
any real attempt to better their conditions was attempted. The discrimination which followed any attempt
to organize effectively always prevented the whole-hearted support
which tho miners would U|fo to have
given but feared the consoquences of
—in short tho ownors .successfully
prevented thorough organization.
Nevertheless nt Nanaimo there
were Bonie 400 miners in the union,
but being so far in tho minority tho
employers felt confident of thoir
power to continue to impose tho present conditions and terms of employment upon tlio minora, the number
employed by tho throo companies
bolng In the neighborhood of 2150.
Tho  Famoua "Agreement"
'Much capital has beon mado out
of tho existence of what has 'been
called nn ngreomont nt Nanaimo. It
Is oven claimed that somo compact
lms beon 'broken by tho striking
miners, This is entirely ^untruo. Tho
achedulo of wages and working conditions under whioh tho mlnorB havo
boon employed up till May of this
yonr1 was drawn up as long ago na
1007 by tho management of tho Western Fuel Company,
Ono of Its provisions was for a
commltteo of flvo to represent tho
omployooH on nny grievance or difference with tho company, places on
this commlttoo to bo ballottod for,
No such ballot has taken placo slnco
1011 although only ono of tho orglnnl
commlttoo Is now tn tho district, Tho
ronson Is that tho mon havo folt tho
uu-JlosHnoHH of any Btich notion,
('No dlsciiHBlon of working terms or
ALEXANDER MACNEIL
unti'itioi, solicitor, Noury, eU.
Officei; Eckstein Building,
Fernie. B.C,
F. C. Law*
Alex. I, Flshe'
LAWE A FI8HER
A.TTOIINI3VH
Fernie, B, C.
SMoft's Gmt
ouickiy a-rops couqmb. cunta colds,
MUL* THK THROAT ANO 1 UNO*. SS ClNTt
IF YOU DON'T
. Receive The Ledger don't blame ui.
Witch the date of the expiration of
your tubtfrrlption which Is'printed on
the tame label containing your adr
dress.
COLEMAN
Billiard and
Pool Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
Hairdressinff
Cigars
J. Graham, ?£2E:
changes in the schedule were proposed by any of the five representatives, the manager informed them
that these were the working conditions—"take .them or leave them."
The last time signatures were required only three of the five men
could be prevailed upon to sign the
schedule, and its provisions have
never been accepted by the men as
satisfactory.
These two committeemen who refused to sign the agreement had
ultimately to leave the district.
Others who did sign gave aa their
reason that ln their unorganized state
and without funds they could not
hope to put up an effective fight.
The Nanaimo company since the
strike at Cumberland, recognizing the
weakness of their position have re-
guested every newcomer to individually sign the schedule before starting
work. It should be clearly understood however, that there is no agreement with any organization in existence and that what has been called
an agreement is a schedule of working conditions and wages which the
miners are compelled to accept or
seek work elsewhere.   -
There is nothing binding the miners
to continue working a day longer
than they want to, or to compel an
organization to supply men at the
stated rates as would be the case
were an agreement to be made with
a responsible organization such as
the United Mne Workers.
Let it be further understood that
the miners through their responsible
officers have sought a conference
with the whole of the mine owners on
the Island and failed to obtain one
although repeated attempts have been
made with a view to arriving at a
satisfactory agreement. The position
of the coal owners has been one of
unrelenting hostility to any and every
form of organization among their
employees and this attitude continues.
It was evident to the miners that a
stand would have to be made some
time and May 1 was chosen as the
date. The miners of Nanaimo had
already arranged a holiday for that
day, and on leaving the mines ■ on
April 30, every man was presented
with the notice that gave the information that the time for making a
united ' stand had arrived, and that
work would cease from, that date till
such time__as__a_sat-isfactor-y—agree-.;
ment had been reached-between the
coal owners and the men's organization.
No further evidence of the
Nanaimo men's feeling on the question should be necessary than the
fact that on May 2 over 700 men
joined the already enrolled 400 and
on May 3 every man of the South
Wellington mine to the number of
210 joined the 90 members already
enrolled there, making a South Wellington membership of 300.'
In them next few days another 400
was steadily added to the union and
the position today in Nanaimo and
South Wellington is that out of a
total of 2150 men. affecting 1800 of
these are members of the United
Mine Workers. Of the remaining
350 divided between tho Western
Fuel Company and the Vancouver
and Nanaimo Coal Company, about
50 per cent aro not Inclined to become members of tho union, and the
minors claim that the others are a
negligible quantity, chiefly men who
havo held somo minor position or
favored places ln tho mines.
"Foreign Organization" Story
Attempts have boon mado to make
•It. appear that somo Individual or
group of "foreign agitators" aro tho
root causo of all tho troublo. This
Is an old-tlmo whoezo which Is made
to do duty whonovor any international union In called upon to tako ofl'lcial
action. Tho United Mino Workers
nro a Canadian organization equally
with ovory othor organization of
workors of any consequence ln the
Dominion, and is affiliated with the
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. ■■■■■•■■■•.»
With tho exception of a small
group of minors in Nova Scotia who
uro lod by n cotorlo of politicians, all
tho coal minora of tho Dominion are
In tho samo organization. Thoy are
divided Into throo districts—Dlotrlct
26 In Nova Scotia, DlBtrlct 18, Including tho'Crows Nost Pans and Alberta,
and DlBtrlct 28, that ot Vancouver
Island,
A fltatomont has boon mndo Unit
tho Unltod Mino Workors nro making
thoir last stand an an organization In
Canada on Vancouver Island, No
Btntomont could bo moro absurd, Tlio
mnmhnrH of the Unltod MlnO Workers
now "fighting nro Canadian citizens
with homes,'families and interests In
this province who nro mombors by
choice In Uio only organization of
thoir craft which can effectively protoct their Interosta to any dogroo;'
but thoir connection with tho U, M,
i,, A. A, In „oi .ini lo iiitt c-*i(>l«juHt
of that wnion ln Pnnnrtn' or nnywhpro
'also, ■*"■*•■■■■■■■••
No looal union or district of minors
or nny othor craft organlzod Inter,
nationally can expect to havo tho
financial support of tho remuindor of
tho ordor unless tho proposed notion
hns tho sanction nnd ondorsomont of
thoir elective offlcors. Nor can nny
notion such as a Btrlko bo talcon without first giving Uiobo responsible offlcors a chance*.'to adjust tho difficulty,'yot whon endorsement ia glvon
nml action nuthorlzod thnt authority
Is wilfully misconstrued by thn op-
ponontR' of organized labor nn "domination'' by an outside authority.
Fable of "Unwilling Strikers"
Tho story haa beon widely circulated that the Nanaimo miners have
bwm foreod upon nn unwilling strlko,
A moment's reflection will show tho
utter absurdity of any person or
group compelling over two thousand
some may have been unwilling is
proven by the fact that a mere fraction of the men are still outside of the
union and it is among those and from
those that the-canard has emanated.
We should hear less of the "unwilling" story it It were also understood that the mine owners caused
a ballot to be taken as to whether
work would continue or ,not and only
400 out of over 2000 men went to the
courthouse to ballot, while thirty-
eight of theBe voted for strike."
The action of the 1500 non-voters
was that of a discontented majority
who had ceased work till bgjfcjr terms
were assured. That the mine owners
recognize the, true position of affairs
Is -shown by the fact that none of
the mines art! being operated and
even the alleged contented and satisfied group are not working. The real
operative miners are now in the organization.
.   Strikers Receive Benefits
Strike pay is being received by the
men at the rate of $4 per week per
man, with an additional $2 for a wife
and $1 per head for each child. A
man with a wife and five children
will thus receive $11 per week. As
the miners' wage at4ts best was only
$3.30 per day and drivers $2.86 per
day, miners with families are being
almost as well cared for as when at
work. With a membership of 400,-
000 the United Mine Workers can
continue this indefinitely.
The organization has 1500 men on
the strike roll at .Cumberland and
Ladysmith. The hollowness of the
coal owners' 'cry against "foreigners"
is shown by the fact that they have
275 Chinese and 125 Japanese working as strikebreakers at .Cumberland,
along with 100 white men who have
been Imported from various points
from outside the Dominion.
The number of miners withdrawn
last September from Cumberland was
1200 so that the company is still some
700 short. At Ladysmith the number
withdrawn was 850 and the strikebreakers working number less than
100.      .
There are some Asiatics employed
at Ladysmith also, who in common
with those at Cumberland are being
employed contrary to the laws of the
province as embodied in the Coal
Mines Regulation Act. The miners
go s§far as to claim that the act Is
more honored in the breach than in
.the—observance =	
There have been eighty families
evicted from company's houses' at
Cumberland.
"You should also exert every effort
to prevent unlawful or abusive tactics by the men during this contest,
and you will also make a diligent effort to secure the names of all men
who refuse to respond to the call to
strike «o they may . be . published
throughout Canada, Great Britain
and the United States.
"The men involved, union and nonunion, will receive the financial support cf the International Union as
long as the strike lasts.
"This decision has been reached
only, after mohtlhs of mature consideration. The time is now here for
the men of Nanaimo and South Wellington to prove their worth. If they
show the same fighting spirit as their
brothers of Cumberland and' Ladysmith, May 1 will see the dawning of
brighter days for the mine workors
on Vancouver Island.
' "Yours fraternally,
"PRANK FARRINGTON,
"Representing  International  Union."
The Local President's Message to the
Members
April 30, 1913.
"Having been of the opinion for
some time that in order to obtain any
improvement in wages and conditions for the mine workers of this
Island, that it would be necessary for
them to act in unity, to bring all the
pressure to bear on the operators
that they could simultaneously, believing Jhat the proposition submitted
by our district convention, through
our scale committee, to the representatives of the different companies
should be considered by a conference
of scale committees representing both
the operators and the miners, and
since the companies have Ignored all
our efforts to bring about a conference and adopt, or amend and adopt,
the proposition submitted and thereby
secure an amicable and peaceful
settlement of all our differences.
VI therefore avail, myself of the
privilege granted by the international
representative, Bro. Farrington, and
the recommendation of the convention hereinbefore mentioned, and declare a strike at all of the coal mines
on the Island, and ask all miners to
cease work until the companies concede them an advance ln wages proportionate to.the advanced cost of
living, fair working conditions and
an agreement specifying those wages
and conditions of employment, said
agreement to be entered into by and
Between, the United Mine Workers bf
America and the coal companies of
this district."
"ROBERT FOSTER,-
"Presldent District No. 28, U. M. W.
of A."
Government Intervention
I When the trouble started last September, the miners made repeated attempts to secure the Intervention of
the provincial and Dominion authorities. Premier McBride'saw no reason to' interfere and the minister of
labor refused a board under the Le-
"mieux~ACtT
The Convicted
Iron
V
Workers
i
(By Eugene V. Debs) . -
The press dispatches inform us that
of the thirty-eight convicted officials of the iron workers' and other
unions who were sentenced in the
Federal Court at Indianapolis in "December last, but fifteen remain in
Leavenworth priso^ The rest are all
out under -bail'pelding the decision
of the higher court to which theBe
cases have been appealed:
The fifteen convicted union leaders
who remain in prison are there only
because they are unfortunate* in having no friends of sufficient financial
means to furnish their bail.
of papers, documents, books and papers in violation of the law and placing these In the custody, of the hirelings who for a consideration wouid
prevent, pad, or mutilate them to
serve the criminal purpose intended,
to' convict innocent men and fasten
the odium of crime upon organized
labor furnishes but one incident in
a series of outrages and infamies perpetrated .under direction of the court
officials .which has no parallel in the
annals of criminal jurisprudence.
I knew all this before the trial,occurred as well as I do now, and I
urged through the Appeal to Reason
How soon, or, rather, how late, the and otherwise that the Socialist party
Since the strike started the district
officers have turned their V salaries
into the strike funds and are on
strike pay same as the rest of the
men.
The men have conducted a peaceful strike in tho face of somewhat
wanton provocation, as was the case
last May Day, when the mine superintendent at Ladysmith. (Ex-cnslon
Mines) marshalled his hundred strikebreakers and marched them through
the streets of Ladysmith.
Such action could only Invite
trouble, and fortunately most of the
male population was at tho 'May Day
sports at the time the parade took
place. The miners declare that the
stillness and peace of the Island is
getting irksome to their opponents.
It will bo noted that the officers especially urge the ubo of peaceful
methods,
Authority  From  International   Union
Tho lottor to tho local officers
from the international officer having
chargo of tho district, which conveys
tho endorsement of tho international
union to tho proposed action on" tho
part of the Vancouver Island membership Is given bolow ns also tho
circular from the president of tho
district conveying this ondorsomont
to tho membership. Theso documontB
practically summarize tho general
situation from tho miners' standpoint
and indicate tho methods by which a
satisfactory solution may bo reached
in tho present difficulty,
April 30,1013.
"Mr. Robert Foster, president District
28,   Unltod   Mino   Workers   of
Amerloa, Nanaimo, B. C.
"Doar Sir and Brother,—A number
of months ago Mr. John P. Whlto,
prosldont of tho United Mino Workers of America, Invited tho mino ownors oporatlng on Vancouver Island to
attend a confpronco to formulato a
Joint agreement covorlng working
conditions In tho rnlnos on Vancouver Island. This Invitation rnob'.vn'ii
no response from tho mino owners.
Instead, tho Canadian ColllorloB Company forced tho mon of Cumberland
and LadJ?aralth into "a strlko which
has now lasted moro than novon
montliB.
"During this strlko tho mon ot Nanaimo and South Wellington havo not
boon culled upon to suffer any por-
Honnl Inconvonlonoo or financial loss,
However, llie othor companies oporatlng oil tho ^Island nro co-oporating
tiVAu lug CuiiitiiiUi .uoiuurititj Cont*
pnny in a hnjirlnrn 'effort to MfoM
thn mon of Cumberland and Lady-
smith,
"Thoroforo, using tho authority
Bivon mo by Prosldont Whlto, and in
ordflr that w mnv combnt ' snlldnrltv
with solidarity, I hereby, instruct you
to cnll a strlko of all tho mon employed in nnd around all tho rnlnos nrt
Nanaimo, South Wellington nnd Jin-
Rio Pot, tho strlko to begin May 1 nnd
to continue until a Joint working
agreement hotwoon the Unltod Mino
Workers of District 28 and tho mino
ownorn on Vancouver Island has beon
HHeurmi; Httld agreement to carry in-
cronaod prices for labor nnd improved
conditions of* employment.
"You will piwjso son that a foren of
men sufficient to protoct mining
property In permitted to work s*o long
ns tbe comiwmlM do not''attempt to
Bhlp coal. All othor mon should bo
urged to join the ntrlko. !
T\ owrSow^verT^'hen'^the"
men have been, driven to completely
close down ■ the ■ Island mines, the
minister of labor without application
sent his agent and offered the services of the department.
The miners also state that since
May 1 the Premier of British Columbia has sent a verbal message that
he would be willing to do something
in the Ladysmith and Cumberland
dispute.i The miners feel, however,
that after seven months of neglect on
the part of these authorities that the
only method left to them to pursue
In their present course of >: lirectly
seeking an agreement between the
miners and the coal owners.
A vlBitor to the camp of the minors
will not be Impressed' with the
amount of admiration, which the
miners have for government departments.
W. R. TROTTER.
Has anyone heard of the notorious
Patrick Scullln who waB last heard in
British Columbia, working his graft
to establish friendly relations between Brother Labor and Brother
Capitnl?
His services nro now wanted In tbo
sottlomont of difference between tho
Unltod States and Japan.
It Is reported In tho press dispatches that tho prosecution has droppod
tho remaining Indictment against
Clarence Darrow. It ls about timo
the persecutors crawlod Into their
holes. Organized labor coming to
tho front nnd taking up the fight of
Darrow, gavo chills to tho hyenas of
Lob Angolos.
higher court may finally decide these
cases can only.be conjectured. When
It Is, considered that the Supreme
Court and the several courts of ap-
peal are from three to six years behind In "handling down" their decisions, It can readily be seen that
the cases of the convicted union leaders may be hung up for an indefinite
period.
But the decision will finally be ren-
dered—if the appellants do not die
in the meantime—and when it is rendered it will be, I venture to predict,
in favor of the cruelly outraged labor
officials. I make this prediction not
because I have faith in the partiality
of the court toward the defendants,
or even in its sense of justice, but
because the trial of these men was
so flagrantly farcical and their conviction so notoriously a foregone conclusion that if the outrage is not
righted by the court itself, as far as
thia may be possible, it will load the
court with odium and damn/it and
discredit it eternally, when the true
story of the trial is told and the
hidden facts ln connection with that
monstrous pervision of justice are
disclosed.
The purpose of this writing is to
refresh the memory of the working
class in regard to this trial and its
thirty-eight convictions of union labor leaders, and to place a fact or
two on record worth thinking about
and talking about and keeping, in
mind until the true nature of the conspiracy which' resulted fn the railroading of these innocent men to tho
penitentiary and every secret, damn*
able fast in connection with that
judicial crime is brought to light.
The trial took place, ii will be remembered, in the court of Judge A.
B. Anderson, who was appointed to
the Federal bench by President Roose-
yelt and afterward denounced by
Roosevelt as a "damned jackass and
crook."
One of ,the defendants was sternly
■rebuked—and- threatened-with™a-jalr
sentence by the judge for smiling in
court.
A newspaper correspondent who
commented on the proceedings in a
way to displease the judge was barred from the courtroom and threatened with summary punishment for contempt.
These characteristic incidents of
the trial are not without their significance. .
But the great fact, the galling fact,
the infamous fact about the trial ls
that tho special train In which the.
thirty-eight convicted labor unionists
were rushed to the federal prison at
Leavenworth waB specifically contracted for and definitely engaged
over a month beforo the jury rendered its verdict.
This we know Doyond doubt, having, one of thoBe providential leaks
which always occur when innocence
Is buldgeoned nnd justice raped, como
ln possosslon of tho correspondence
which passed between tho court officials nnd tho officials ot tho rail
road. ' »
How did tho court officials know
positively thnt theso thtrty-olght trade
unionists would be Bent to the penitentiary over a month beforo thoy
were tried and convincted.
The trial from the time tho nrrostB
woro mndo and the indictments found
until the convicted defendants woro
riiBhod to Leavenworth by apodal
train was not only a roaring farce
but a satanlc conspiracy, backed by
tho powerful Steel Trust, to strlko
a deadly blow to tho labor movoment.
Tho sacking of the offices of tho
Iron workers' union and tho seizure
and the labor unions send their own
authorized representative to attend
the session of the Grand Jury and the
trial, to carefully follow the. proceedings and prevent, If possible, this
judicial crime from being perpetrated,
and had this been done I verily believe that special train would never
have been rushed with its living
freight of innocent men to the Leavenworth prison.
It ls my positive conviction that
these thirty-eight labor union officials, of whom fifteen still languish in
the prison pen to wjilch they were
committed, are absolutely innocent of
the crime for which they were convicted, and that they are the victims
of a conspiracy as foul and damning
as ever blackened the pages of history.
This is all for the present. More
in due time. .
,  Some day the whole truth will out.
Mark it!—New York Call.
1
Wood of the Woolen trust in his
trial has been shown to have paid
Atteaux $2,600 as strike expenses and
the defense Ib now trying to place all
the blame on Plttman the pal of,
Wood who committed suicide when he
realized that the infamy of Wood
and himself had been uncovered.
Pittman 'cannot speak and it is
perfectly legitimate and consistent
with the ethicB of capitalism, to place
the responsibility, of crime on the
dead.
IF YOU DON'T
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
Watch the date of the expiration of
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X{
ore Feel;
GHAPE0 Placer
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Its rich, refined
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penetrate the skin;
its antiseptic properties prevent all
dangerof festering
or inflammation
from cuts or sores;
and its heoHng   essences
build up now healthy tissue.
For stings, sunburn, cuts,
bums, bruises, etc.—just as
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V
ill
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13
m
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g
*,!.
I THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JUNE 14, 1&3.
PAGE SEVEJ.
Fernie-Forf Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Batumi Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta. >
Beware of
Imitations
(Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
jlHOS^DJJNCAN^^Passburg-
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
For our Foreign Brothers
V ZAPADNI  VIRGINIJI  SE SVI TA
Guverner Hatfield se je udal, ir. obi-
jubil, da odpravi mllitaristlSnl
despotizem
Sodrug Eugene V. Debs, kateri v
druzbi s sodrugom Bergerjem.in Ger-
merjem po odredbi narodnega kdm*^
iteja socialistiSne stranke preiskuje
barborsko postopanje s Strajkarji v
premogarskem okoli§u Point In Cabin
Creek,. W. Virginija, porofia brats-
kemu listu "Appeal to Reason" v
brzojakl z dne 24. maja. da je guverner- Hatfield kapltuliral.
, Kollkor se je zanestl na Hatfleldove
besede—poroca Debs—doseglo je del-
avstvo v West Virginiji do sedaj
sledeCe: Enajst sodrugov, med njimi'
urednlk iriupravitelj sociaiistiSnega
lista "Labor Argue," kateri so biTl bli-
zo tri mesece zaprti po nasilnbm vo-
jnem pravu, je izpuseenih, vojno stan-
je bo odpravijeno Se te dni; prlvatna
armada policajev in oboroZenih barab^
v sluibi lastnlkov premoga, bo raz-
pu55ena;zatrti delavskl list! se obno-
vijo; svoboda govora, toska in zboro-
vanja bo zajamcena kot govori ustava
guverner, oziroma driava no bo veS
ovirala premogarslce organlzaclje ., iu
governer je obljubil, da bo dal or-
ganiziranim premogarjem ravno tistl
za§£ito po zakonih, kakor gre vsake-
mu drugemu dr2avljanu.
Vse to je obljubil guvernrer Hatfield vpriCo Debsa, Bergerja In Gerin-
erja, kl so imeli Z njim konferenco 23.
inaja. Glavno je, Ce bo guverner tudi
dr2al besedo; Debs upa, da bo slim
naval delavskega protesta   od   vseh
strani Zed. 'drzav in vladna preiskava,
katera se vednoyisi kot Damoklejev
meS-nuidguvernerjem, je naredilo
nanji tak prjtisk, da se vefi no more
upirati. Lanko torej recemo, da je
delavstvo—razred no zavedno delav-
stvo—Amerlke izvojevalo zopet eno
velepomembno zmago.
Debs in tovari.a so ze pri kraju s
preiskavo in se te dni predlo2i stranki
svoje poro5ilo. Sprva je kazalo, da
bo 51o delo te§ko izpod rok. Ko je
priSel Debs v Charleston, so ga tam-
o.nji sodrugi neprestano svarili, da se
naj Cuva, kajti njegovo Sivljenje da ne
bo vredno rdeCega centa Ciin, se
pribliia preinogokopom. Cela jata
Baldvinovih vohunov je seledila vsa-
kemu njegovemu koraku. AU vse te
ovire so se razprslle v kratkem v ni-6
in trlji sodrugi so dovrSili preiskavo
popolnoma nemoteno. NatanCnejge
bo razvidnoiz njihovega poroCila,
katerega objavimo Cim bo predloieno
stranki. •   *
STRIKERS  FIGHT WITH
GERMAN POLICE FORCE
Killing by Non-Striker is Followed by
Battle in Which Many Shots are
Fired
V rudnikih v Cumberland, B. Canada so delavci fitrajku. Delavci, ne
hodlte v te kraje dokler bode trajal
boj med delavci in kapltalisti. Edi-
nole solidarnost delavcev, lahko stre
verige kapitalizma.
. Zldarji in zldarski pomoSniki v Calgary, Alta., Canada, so naznanlll svo-
jim delodajalcem, da zahetvajo povlS-
anje plaCe. Zidarji so imeli do sedaji
67 centov na uro, v bodoSe zahtevajo
75 centov na uro. Delavci so ddli svo-
jim gospodarjem Sas do 1. junijl, ako
do tega <5asa ne dajo bossi povolj-
nega odgovora, . napovedo delavci
sstrjk.
The Cadeby
Mine Disaster
Views on  Rescue Work
P,
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Grocer^, Boots and Shoes
. /       Gents' Furnishings
CLUB
Cigar Store
——WrArMGRAM"
, .STETTLV, Germany, June 10.---A
battle between police and strikers
in which 70 persons were severely
wounded was fought last night in a
suburb of Frauendorf as a sequel to
the killing of a striker by a non-
striker.
, Workers in a hickory factory went
on strike some time ago, and last
evening one of them molested a man
who had continued at work and in a
fight which ensued the striker was
stabbed and killed. The striker's
comrades gathered in great crowds
in front of the factory and demanded
that the non-strikers be handed over,,
to them. Their request was refused
and tbey threatened to demolish the
factory.
The local police were unable to
cope with the situation and reinforcements were called from Stettin.
Shortly afterward a body of three
hundred armed policemen arrived ln
automobiles and the battle occurred.
The police freely used their sabres
and revolvers. The strikers replied
with pistol shots, but were soon overcome by disciplined force. They
were finally dispersed, leaving many
of their number wounded, on the
ground.
ALL PREPARING FOR
» BIG CALGARY FAIR
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,  B.C.
r
'.i.
Southern
HOTEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
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and
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Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazdwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Moals that tasto liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton, Proprietor,
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay 52E&
List of Locals District 18
NO.
20
481
431
2163
8*9
«27
iq,67
£(!33
S877
1120
2178
2314
12G3
2497
1058
574
USD
2820
2334
14
2363
2SS9
102
NAME
8E C, and P. O. ADDRRE68
Bankhead P. Whoatloy, Bankhead, Alta,
Bonvnr rwv .  , Wrr.. "Di-,L, 2v«n,  Z.Xt., *;*. nuuiur, Aim.
Bollovuo  TnmoB Hurke, Bnx ?f> Bpllrvnp A3b.
Blalrmoro ,.,,,;....,, W. L. Evans, Blalrmoro, Attn.
BurmU, ,"*T, O. Harries, Passburir, Altn. *
Carbondale J. Mitchell, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta,
Canmoro , N. D. Th nchuk, Catimoro, Alta,
Coleman 'w.   On titivi, Pclcrss", Alii.
Corbin  J. Jonofi, Corbin, I). C.
Chinook Minos,.,.,,. W, It, Hughes, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt
Diamond City... j, S3, Tbornhill,11 Diamond City, Lethbridge.
Fornlo  TUoa. Uphill, Fernie, B, C.
Prank .,;',,■ Evan Morgan, Frank, Alta.
Hosmor ......,.,.,,., W. Baldontono, Hosmer, n. C.
lUltcreat Jas. Gordon, IllllcroBt, Alto.
Lothbrldgo  L,  Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. Lothbrldgo.
LeUbriUne CpHlorleB.. Frank BarrinRham, Coolhurtt, Alta.
Maple Loaf,*,,.,,..... T, O. Harries, Paifburg, Alta. '
Michel  M, Burrell, Michel, B. C."
Mona^h Mine........ W«n.Hy«d, Elcsn P, 0.» Taber, Mtx
PuBBburg.,.'.... T. O, Harrloa, Pauburg, Alta.
,.Boyal View  Geo. Jo dan, RojaI Collieries, Lethbridge, Alt*
Tabtir ...,»...,. k Vtiitmon, Taber, Alta
The" Home Office has issued the
report ot Mr. R. A. S. Redmayne,
C. B„ Chiet, Inspector of IMnes, on
the causes of; and circumstances at
tending the explosions which, occurred at the Cadeby 'Mine Colliery on
Tuesday, July 9,, 1912.- It will be recalled that 88, persons lost" their lives,
35 in the first, and i>3 in the second
explosion.
As to the cause of the first explosion,   Mr.  Redmayne ' th.'nks   the   fire
which originated somo years ago in
the  neighborhood  of "the  faca  fault
had never been completely eradicated,
but gave, occasional evidence of its
existence,, and that as the ,coil was
worked off against the fault a great
cavity  formed,  both fire and cavity
keeping-pace-with-the-extraetionTof
the   coal.    There   was  an   incipient
explosion on January 20, 1912, and *.he
condition of affairs on the night pf
Monday,  July  8,   provided  just  tbe
combination of circumstances necessary to cause an explosion on i more
extended scale,    viz,'  the'   effective
sealing off of the oxit from the fire
area, but the failure to seal off the
inlet, allowing1 of ths accumulatlii of
an explosive mixture, and' a vent foi
the consequent    explosion.    He   believes that the instructions   of   Mr.
Chambers, the managing director of
the colliery, for effectually sealing off
the affected area „were well conceived, but does not believe  that they
were carried out in   their   entirety.
Who blundered  Mr. Redmayne does
not know, Mr, Bury, being dead, can
not appear ln his defence, and the Inspector refrains from attaching blame
to anyone lu particular.
With regard to the socond explosion,   Mr.   Rodmayno   suggests   that
there was a largo accumulation bf gas
on tho "rise" sido of tho district after
the lirst explosion,   This, igniting at
tho fire, burnt moro or less quietly
and clown the faco until an oxploslvo
mixture was formed.   It thon detonated.   Had the flame in tills socond
explosion extended far   on   to   the
piano, tho wliolo colliery would probably havo boon wrecked by a groat
explosion, ** as analysis pointed to a
dangorous condition, of dust in tho
south piano.    Mr.    Rodmayno   considers that tho facta afford 'eloquent
testimony to tho valuo of an Inbrf
dust, acting, as it does, as an adulterant to tho coal dust ns n preventive
to the spread of a colliery oxplosion.
Mr. Rodmayno has formed a decided opinion In respect of tho roseue
oporatlons.   Thoro was provided" at
tho colliery aa fine a body of mon
trained ln roscuo work as ono could
wish to boo, but tho organisation nt
tho mino on tho occasion of Uiobo ox-
plosions was    most    dofoo'tlvo. ■   Instructions should havo   boon   Issued
prohibiting tho doscont Into tho mine
of all porsonB unprovided with written
authorisation to do so,   Thoro should
havo boon placod a guard at tho out*-
,by ond of tho south piano to prevent
tho entry of   unuthorlsod    porsons
from othor parts of tho mine.   Mad
thiH boon dono tho loss of life occasioned   by   the   nocond oxploBlon
would, Mr. Hodmayuo Iu iuro, have
boon ifluch Iobb hoavy.
Mr, Ilodniayno proceodB to say:
"Tho further question as to whothor
tho work of 'recovering and bringing
out tho bodies should have boon un-
IicUmu tii ittia tu.ifcu  16 QUO  III  rOB-
Twt of v.'hlfh t.h'rrc' win UmiblUjaa
bn differences of opinion. I hnvo no
doubt on tho point, I know that sontl-
mont, weighs heavily in tho consideration of a problem of this nature, and
that thero Ih an Intense doslro on th*
■pan ot roltttlvos of tflo dead to seo
and bury the bodies.
"I do not think, that the manage*
ment or a colliery Is Justified in allowing porsons to risk thelrllvea ln order tp recover and bring out dead
bodies, f<jr that such a proceduro Is
always attended by ine great risk
of a second explosion when n flro Is
known'to exlit underground after an
explosion is evidenced by case after
ca»e.
"Instances may be cited In which
the bodies have beon recovorod after
«n explosion of this nature (e.g., Jam-
*g» ■*t\»Hf*ry); 1 agree, hut It fa a
race wUh death.   H is bard, how
ever, to make" people realise this, and
so strong may feeling run on these
occasions that it sometimes requires
a higher moral courage to resist a
natural impluse and prohibit persons
from undertaking (and undertaking
oneself) a risk of this nature than to
allow the risk to* be undertaken.
. "I stiould also remark that great difficulty was experienced in obtaining
a correct number of the casualties;
this was nof "definitely ascertained
for three days after the disaster owing to the indiscriminate issue of
lamps oltter the first explosion. This
was a very regrettable Incident, and
one which emphasises the necessity
of strict discipline"on these occasions.
"I have arrived. at the conclusion
that pending the complete isolation
by stowage and stoppings, all the men
not engaged in cobmating the fire
should have been withdrawn from the
district in which it occurred. It was
stated that to do this would-be dangerous, for it was stated,' if the face
is allowed to stand fire breaks out".' I
*caun"ot'"accepTT;Bls7_anQrln~lhy opinion
no reason which will bear investigation has been advanced in support of
this contention."
Acknowledging the valuable evidence given by Mr. W. H. Chambers
and Mr. J. R. R, Wilson oh the cause
of spontaneous combustion at tho
Cadeby 'Main Colliery, Mr. Redmayne
reserves his opinion on the general
question of spontaneous combustion
and tho precautions which should
have been taken In the Interests of
safety when combating gob-fires pending the results of the Departmental
Committee's enquiry into the subject.
Ho adds that tho credit of carrying
into practical effect the Idea of ex-,
tlngulshlng gob-fires by forcing an
Ii^ert gas Into an isolated area belongs
to Mr. Chambers, and Its further application ls worthy of the serious consideration of mining engineers. Ho
is glad not to have to report any
hreachOB of the Coal Mines Act as
contributing to tlio causo of any of
the explosions.—The Science and Art
of 'Mining.
JURY
SETTING-
WOOL
MAN'S    FATE
At Late Hour "Last Night It Was Stil
Deliberating on the Verdict in
Dynamite Conspiracy Case
BOSTON', June 10.—The jury in the
dynamite "planting" conspiracy case,
which grew out, of che Lawrence
textile strike, was still deliberating
at a late hour tonight on the question
of the guilt of the three alleged conspirators—William M. Wood, president, of the American Woolen Company; Frederick E. Atteaux, a dye
manufacturer, and Dennis J. Collins,
a Cambridge dog fancier.
, Just before court opened today, one
of the jurors, Morris Shuman, told
Judge Crosby that he had been approached last night with an offer df
$200 and a life position if he would
agree to vote as directed, It is said
the man who approached him would
not say for whom he was acting.
Judge Crosby instructed the jurors
to return a verdict of not guilty on
the sixth count of the indictments
and to return separate verdicts on
each of the other five counts.
"After midnight, after the Ji.ry had
beon deliberating nine hours without
result, Judge Crosby sent word that
he would not receive a verdict until
six oclock tomorrow. He,,directed
that should the jury arrlvs at a verdict In the meantime It must be
sealed.
A QUESTION OF POWER
LETHBRIDGE
ELECTRICIAN
ELECTROCUTED
Exhibitors  from  this   district  are
preparing their entries  for the Calgary fair, which must be sent in before the end of the week.   It is expected that we will be well represented among those "who e xhibit and also
by those who will patronize the'big
western holiday.   For those who go
for entertainment there will be a big
list  of    free    attractions,    splendid
,music,   fast   races,   georgeous   fireworks and a midway that will be a
long trail of novelty and amusement.
Among the free attractions which will
be presented every afternoon and even-'
Ing there will be two diving horses
plunging from a lofty tower with a
lady rider into a tank of water; the
Ishiwara brothers, Oriental acrobats
and tumblers; Ramona Ortoz, one of.
the   cleverest  lady  slack   wire  performers on the continent; the Herel-
das and the Blcketts, who do some
wonderful   work   on   the   bars   and
trapeze; 91st Highlanders band from
Hamilton;   Titus  grand   opera  quartette, and a dozen other high class attractions,   including  fireworks.    Particulars regarding rates can be given
by our local agent.
To, be unionized internationally is
a crime—to scab internationally is
permissible. The B. C. Federatlonist
sums up the "Patriotic" union stunt
pretty neatly:
"On the side it is interesting to
note that the daily papers doing the
most blatherskiting about "interference of foreign unions and agitators"
on Vancouver Island are all produced
by members of one-of the same kind
of trade unions the news and hack editorial  writers  are renouncing.
"The Typos, are '"sane and conservative" simply because they have
the power to make Walter Nichol,
'Jack McConnel and others of their
kidney walk the chalk line. A union,
international or otherwise, is all right
—when it has won out.
"The United Mine Workers are all
right in the Crow's Xest Pass coal
fields.' They will be a bunch of good'
lellows on Vancouver Island before
long—after they win recognition,
decent pay and working conditions,
and refuse to lower their standard of
liivlng to that of the "Orientals employed nf strike-breakers at Cumberland by those good flag-waving pa:-
riots, Sirs Bill and Dan." ■
I. W. W. MEN ON HUNGRY STRIKE
LETHBRIDGE, June .9.—At 11:40
this morning, Geo. McKendie, an electrician ln the employ of the .city was
electrocuted, while working on a pole
directly in front of the old Caledonian
hall on 7th street, south. The direct
cause of death was contact with a primary electric light wire carrying 2,200
volts.
PEORIA, 111., June 4—A "hung7
strike" is in progress today by forty-
three Industrial Workers of the
World, who are in jail on charges of
disorderly conduct and Inciting to
riot. The prisoners not only refused
to eat but broke, the dishes against
the bars.
If the Vancouver Island coal miners' strike is not ended "till every
agitator on the island is squeezed
out," as averred by the mine owners,
the time to place orders for tombstones or' crematories is opportune.—
B, C. Federationist.
After all the daily fight for bread
results ln a lot more fatalities than
professional  arena fighting.
"We won't work"—more than eight
hours a day Is a slogan that can safely
be adopted by any organization of
wage-workers,
IF YOU DON'T
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which Is1 printed on
the same label containing your address.
PLUMBERS' STRIKE MAY
AFFECT CALGARY'S HEALTH
~~OiO:GAR"i'TTun"e_9^That the present* plumbers' strike may indirectly
affect the health of Calgary citizens
is indicated in a paragraph in the
monthly report of the health Inspector Dunn, to chief, Dr. Stanley • May-
hood, medical health officer.
"It is to be hoped," says the report "that the plumbers ..strike will
not last for any length of time as
there are qulto a number of people
installing sewer and Avater connections and tho department will be put
back a good deal."
Cemetery Notice
. Persons -wishing their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with the undersigned.
THOMSON & MORRISON
Funeral Directors
The universal brotherhood is broad
enough to include , even thoso that
disagree with me as to the exact
method by which tho emancipation of
the working class will be accomplished,—Charles Edward Russell.
The coal barons of Vancouver Island seem to own more than the coal
mines, judging by tho conspiracy of
sllonco maintained by the dnily press
of that territory, except when Bill and
Dan's hired men wish to mnko a
statement.—n. C. Federatlonist.
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE :: :: ::
B.C
"I GROW HAIR, I DO"
The Minimum Wage
Tho   statutory  minimum  wago   ls union loador,  wo believe, has ovor
corning rapidly to the front.aB a do-
finite and pressing Issue. The hearings boforo a commlttoo «of the Illinois Senate have lifted the subject
Into ono of tho first importance. It
can hardly be doubtt-d that ono of tho
first effects will bo the passage of a
measure by tho Illinois Legislature
Vory likely the subject will he discussed in both houses of CongroHB
during tho apodal Bosslon.
Tho bill of Senator Chilton, of Wost
Virginia,  for a minimum wago for
women, \vhoao products enter Interstate commerce, Ib generally regarded ob defective in 'many ro'spocts; but
it Ih at least a beginning, nnd will no
doubt bo followed by other blllB moro
carefully drawn.  Tlio principle of tho
bill Ib tho namo aB that embodied In
"bx-Sonator Boyorldgo's bill on child
labor Homo yearo ago.   That bill failed of enactment, and the principle It-
HOlf has novor been passed upon by
tho Supremo Court.    Judicial  deal-
Blona, however, as Mr, Dooloy lon«
ago pointed out, follow tho election
return*; and It Booms quite likely the
court  may acknowledge tho  powor
of Congress to   prohibit   Inter«tato
commerce In products not mndo under certain prescribed condition* re-
iTflfUfiT  1t\n   *i'i*itr.it   ,\ni\   Vic*Mr3   cf   Wo
mon nnd children, lbft thu difficulty
would, perhnp»,„not be the uroatoBt
one in tho drafting nnd consideration
of a Federal bill. Other problems,
such 08 the vnrylnn .conditions*! nml
standards of living In different 'parts
1." Ll... <*v*..*Lj> ".ivmC Uiw a iwii: yuwra-
t(on In many complexities; and It Is
■fjulte probable that Congrons will,
after somo ■discussion, "duck""the Issuo and refer It back to tho States.
Tho statutory minimum wage has
not yot won a unanimous approval
'among labor mon and radicals. It U,
of course, generally opposed by «m-
p)nyt.rft. bi>r,i.r«n If mti.inn as., lu-
creased jmywiuit of wages or the closing up of parastlc trades which.'11 v<*
on under-paid lnhor. But even some
of the prof-Mtwl champions of Wwy;
havo Imagined certain dangers involved In it, m (or Instance, thst it
nUgUt oi»u '.U- wily tot » statutory
maximum limit to warts.  No trades-
opposed to a "prevailing ,rato of
wages" lu>v. On tho contrary,, ovory*
one of thorn has always fought hard
for such a measure Yet If tho Imagined danger lies In tho minimum-
wage law, it ought equally to Ho In
tho other. Tho remaining objections
to a •statutory-minimum wngo have
about an -equal, validity. "Tliey cannot
servo to obstruct tho mighty curront
now ovory whoro movliiR toward the
establishment of tliis human mnns-
uro.—W, J, Ghent In tho Juno Metro-
polltlan.
"In old days tho slave used to run
away from tho master. Now ho runs
to got one,"
WW
BALD AT 26.     RESTORED AT 30.     STILL HAVE IT AT 55.
Young Man, Young Woman, Which Do Your Prefer?
A NICE FULL, HEALTHY Head of hair ou a clean and healthy scalp,
free from IRRITATION, or a BALD I IK AD and a DISKASE1) and irritable sculp covered with scales commonly called DANDltUFF?
SCALES ON THE SCALP, or an* Itchy Irritation Is POSITIVE PROOF
your hair and scalp Is In a DISEASED condition, as scale, commonly called
DANDRUFF, orlRlnatofl from ono ot tho following' PARASITICAL DIS-
KASKSof the CAI'ILLIARY Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis,
, Totter, Alopecia or Kczomn) and certain to result In absolute BALDNESS
unless cured beforo the CERM has tho CAPILLARY Clauds destroyed.
BALDNESS and tho LOSS of hair ls 'absolutely unnecessary and very un-
bocomltiK.
ALL DISEA3E8 OF THE HAIR Fado away liko DEW under my scientific
treatment, and I positively have tho only system of treatment so far
'known to SCIENCE that Is POSITIVELY and PERMANENTLY curing
DISTi/VSKS of the hair and promoting now growth. The hair can t>» .'ally
restorud to its natural thloltnoss and VITALITY on all heads that still
show flno hair or tu-/;/, to prove tho roots aro not dead.
I-HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM Of treatment for out-oMhc-ClTY peoplo
who cannot come to mo for persona! troatment. (WRITE TODAY) for
question blank and fuUPARTICULARS. Enclose stamp, and mention
this pnpor. My prlcos and terms aro reasonable,^ My cures are TOSI-
• T1VB and PERMANENT.
"Consult the Beit, and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience
PROF. GEO. A.GARLOW
The World's most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
ROOM 1, WELDON BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.
ftctne In Ptndltten Roundup—Orand Theatre, Jun* 16 and 17. PAGE EIGHT
DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JUNE 14, 1913.
Saturday, June 14th. to July 1st
Place  your  Order Now, if you want a Suit made to your measure for
the   1st  of July.     We  guarantee  Fit and Workmanship.     SEE   US.
Low Price Suit Specials
See The Window Display
"THIS Sale will give buyers the opportunity of preparing for the
big celebration on July lst.    We will place clothing values
before you, that you cannot afford to let-pass if you need a: suit.
Suits that are worth up to $35*00 will be
sold during the Sale at    ...        ...        ...        ...
$15
oo
Low Price Suit Specials
CEE the great range of patterns and materials we are showing in
our Window at $1 5.00.    These are made from the very
o *.   ;' • i
finest imported Tweeds and Worsteds, and every  Suit is hand
tailored.    Every Suit carries our guarantee of perfect satisfaction.
Suits that are worth up to $35.00 will be
sold during this Sale at    ...        ...
$15
oo
LADIES'   NECKWEAR   WORTH   50c to $1.50,
YOUR CHOICE SATURDAY, EACH.. 25p
A beautiful collection of Jabots Collars and Jabots Attached Sailor Collars, Robespierre Collar
Side Frills and all the new novelities in neckwear,
made of fine slur Batistes, Lawn-and Silks in
Black, "White and Colors, all Avorth from 50c to
$1.50 each, Saturday Special, each  25c
LADIES TAN OR-BLAOK LISLE HOSE, 35c per
pair, made of extra fine gauze lisle finished with
high spliced heels and toes and full fashioned,
sizes, 8V* to 10. Saturday, per pair, 35c or 3 pairs
for $1.00.
'B6ys,Tand
BOYS' AND GIRLS' WORSTED HOSE, an exceptionally strong ribbed hose made for hard-
wear, in'all sizes from 5 to 10 inches, Saturday
Special, 35c or 3 pairs for $1.00.
LADIES' AND MISSES' OUTING HATS, in Crash
Ratine and Pelt, all the new shapes in "White
and Tan with plain and Bulgarian Trimmings,
Priced Specially at from $2.00 to $5.00 each. -
For the latest styles of Ladies'
Silk Dresses, Hats, Vests and
Hose, see Our Window Display.
SPECIAL   SALE   OP   AMERICAN   GINGHAM
and Chambery house dresses, $1.75 and $2.00.
All the good colors iu fino evenly woven materials mado up with sailor or Dutch collars,
trimmed with plain or embroidery.   This dress
is particularly good for thc price and worth
inspecting.' Saturday Special, $1.75 and $2.00.
ANY LADIES FANCY TAILORED SUIT IN THE
HOUSE, $20.00.
These HtiitH nro in sizes 34 to 38.   Tho colors aro
Navy, Grey nnd Tans.   Tliey nro nil hum! finished silk lined suits which sold from $27.50 to $40.00.
Your choice each, $20.00.
Bargain Sale of
Silk Dresses
SPECIAL   SALE   LADIES'   SILK   POULARD
DRESES, $8,75 EACH.
A silk dress with style, fit and ol good quality
of Foulnrd Silk nt $8.75 should need no emphasizes.
Tlio dress is hero for your inspection, tlio colors nre
Nnvy Brown, Alice and Black ground with polka
dots or figures.  Saturday Spoclal, $8,75,
LONG KIMONAS IN   DIMITY   LAWNS   AND
BATISTES.   Mndo of large nud small patterns,
trimmed   with   contrasting Colors in Kmpire
shirred backs, nnd plnin styles, nil fnst colors
nnd sizes.  Prices, $1.80 to $2.50 each,
Ladies9 Vests
tthmm BUMMF.H. Vfl'STft, Oyiv \\r\o of \i?)\t
weight kuitvests for Indies in sleeveless'und
short sleeves k complete. They nro knit to fit
and nro vory elastic. Thc quality is exception-
nUy trond nt the prions nnd thn vnriety of styles
exceptionally large. Vests from 15c to $2.00
each.
SALE
Will commence on
SATURDAY
i
June 14th
And will continue up to
July lst
$15.00 the Suit  | SEE WINDOW DISPLAY I   $15.00 the Suit
Bargains in Screen Doors
Our Furniture Department is the right place to buy Hammocks,
Window Screens, Screen Doors and Refrigerators.
Our special Pay Day offers will save you money and trouble.
Now is your chance—See our special low priced
t
Hammocks at -   -   -   $2.50    $3.00    $4.00    $5.00
Screen Doors at  -   -     1.50      2.00      2.50      3.00
REFRIGERATORS AT 2 per cent. REDUCTION FOR SATURDAY
AND MONDAY ONLY
PAY DAY SPECIALS IN HIGH CLASS HOLLAND LINEN PAPER AND ENVELOPES
An   exceptional   fine  Quality 'of.'Holland
Linen Writing Paper, put up in -pound pack
Hgf»,   Oh
.***...    ... -....* .-1       **, *S! r.. T^n»*   vto,in/l
Knvolopos  to  mntcli, in regulnr correspondence stylo, 75 toi tho pound.
OM-SS-C*
Fine Shoe Specials
LADIES' $2.00 MEN'S $3.00
We are offering a large saving on Men's Oxford
Shoes and Ladies Slippers, the display tables will
show values up to, $5.00 that were excellent for that
price, and we leave the decision with you how
much greater the saving is at this very special sale.
LADD3S' SLIPPERS, $1.50 and $2.00.. 'One,
two and three strap Ladies' Slippers of Patent
Leather and Vicj Kid with Cuban Heel. Excellent
assortment of sizes.    -   °
MEN'S OXFORDS, $3.00.   Patent Leather and
Tan Oxfords of late styles, showing the work of
the best makers.   This is an1 opportunity of getting
-the_best-at-a-ver-y-low tics.
$5.00 MEN'S SHOES     " $5.00
Large showing of Men's Shoes in Box Calf,'
Velour Calf, Gunmetal and Tans. This display of-..
fers special inducements for all to secure shoes
that regularly sell at $6!00 and $6.50 for the special
price of $5.00. All late styles, well made and from
makers of the best goods.
MEN'S SPECIAL
$3.50 PATENT LEATHER SHOEI;      $3.50
This special table is a display of Men's Patent
Leather Shoes that regularly sell at $6.00 and $6.50.
These are all broken lines of high gradd .^oods that
we are offering at $3.50 per pair to close out.
SPECIAL WINDOW DISPLAY
Grocery Specials
Now California Cabbages per pound .05
New California Beets per pound .05
Now California Carrots  per pound ,05
Now California Turnips por pound .04
Frcsh Washington Lottuco  per pound ,25
Fresh B. C. Rhubarb 6 pounds for .25
Sherriffs* Qrnpo Juice  quart .50
' Unformcnted Wines quart ,40
Assorted Soft Drinks pints, 3 for .25
Rolled Oats 8 pound sk. .30
Robin Hood Flour 49 pound sk. 1.65
Quaker Oats 5 pound pa. with china .20
American Alarm Clocks  each .00
Braids Best Coffoo, fresh ground.,. .2 pounds .85
Cowans Cocoa  1 pound tins .50
Bceuhams Pills  per box .20
Nestles Infant Food  por tin .40
Peaches, 2 pounds tins 2 for .35
Seeded Raisins 1C oz. pa 3 for .25
King Oscar Sardines 2 tins .25
Brnn 100 pound Hack  1.20
Ontario Honey 1 pound glass ,25
Ci'ohho & Blackwclls Red Currant Jolly, 1 lb,,
****** *******.,****i* •"• • • i t i i i i i i   (£1 lia a     »«0
Tuxedo Jelly Powder .".. .4 packages   .25
Sheriffs' Marmalade .........;. .4 pound tins   .25
Cambridge Sausage, Davios .,...! pound tins   ,25
Mixed Nuts ...,,,, por pound   ,20
Crosse & Blackwclls Pickles ......18 oz., oach   .85
Heinz Pork and Beans, mod. size 2 for   .35
Japan Rico , . .4 pound for   ,25
Swifts Whito Latindry Soap .......... .0 for   .25
Assorted Toilet Soaps ,... 6 for   ,25.
Matchless Silvor Polish per bottle   .20
Special Blond Bulk Tea 3 pounds 1.00
TnScodo Black Popper W pound tin 3 for   .25
Tomatoos 3 pound tins . jt ..............7 for 1.00
Corn 3 pound tins    .85
Whito Swan Yeast  ,ti Ior   .26
Snowball Washing Machines ......' oach 7.50
■«.»
Money Sav-
iiiig Prices
vSNmmi
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY, Ltd
BRANCHED AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
Thc Store of
Quality
•i
#

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