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The District Ledger 1913-10-25

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 ,  - ^-, ) . •
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Industrial Unity is Strength.
,The Official.Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
10s
A  l     r    A.
//AV'        ■ .-.•.--      ,   .      •
//"Save' the      '<■      ^S.'j,
pjC^V^"*5*"''-'"     /*
"     ""?,*; "tJL,fi*   ''A.—*
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 9, Vol. vn.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 25, 1913.
$1.00,A YEAR
Page 4 for Announcement re Competition
CRANBROOK TRAGEDY
VERDICT and SENTENCE
The assizes were opened' in Fernie f When the -court reassembled, Jlr.
on Tuesday -last by Lord Chief Justice Wilson stated that he would immedl-
Murphy. Ab reported last week, a ntely address the jury on- behalf of ithe
very heavy docket awaited the court I defence.
and no less than two capital charges
were Included. The grand jury returned a true bill for murder against Bruno Cutri and Rahal.
Rex vs. Biggs
The first case taken was Rex vs.
Biggs, and this occupied the attention
of the count until Wednesday midday.
The result was a unanimous verdict of
"Not guilty" for accused, who , was
warmly congratulated by his friends.
This is the third trial and there is no
doubt, thatihaving regard to the contradictory, and uncorroborated nature
of (the .prosecution's evidence .the jury
could not do otherwise than acquit.
"Lawa & Jlsher for defence; Mr. -Mof-
fitt, of Nelson, for Crown. ■
•   On Wednesday afternoon the court
had ,the case of Rex va. Budwa Singh
. - for perjury.   The charge arose out of
a civil action and the court exercised
,.  considerable patience in listening to
; ithe evidence. The interpreter proved
an excellent witness and was particularly lucid in enlightening those who
cross-examined him -upon the Hindoo
religion, his explanation that Buddhim,
like Christianity, was composed of a
number of sects and creeds, evidently
convincing counsel that the Hindoo is
not alone In his love for variety.'
The jury .returned a verdict of not'
guilty.
-   La we & MacNell for defence; Mr.
Moffitt.for Crown.
-V   : Rex vs. Cutri..
This was the ithird case on the docket and was one charging Bruni Cutri
with -shooting,and *,.Wiling one "Felix
Zappia at Rampart; Junction between.
Gran-brook and Wardner, on the 10th
of September.  ,.■•.', ■
Th*e case, which Is one of the most
sordid ever heard in a court of justice,
„"   ds not without its ithrMls:and. dramatic
episodes, the capture of accused -by
_ Constable Collins at .-Wh'itefish, ■ Mon-
- '*ana, and ^'tho-shooting at Con-stable
■   Logan a;-Wardner, being incidents- full
 ofJiexicitement_and"ithrllls.
The accused (was arrested on Sun-
• day, Sept. 21, by Constable Collins,
' amd when searched had (it is alleged)
• in Wb-possession a 32.Colt-automatic
.   - fully loaded and loaded blips* to spam
• The,constable must certainly begiven
; every .^spedit.for.hia'.reaourciefuln'ess
"and .perspicacity.when arresting ate-,
cused, aa -the-.description, .furaashed'
was very meagre and even misleading.
The fact thmt accused had managed to
cross the line added.to the.constable's
difficulties and it wns only, Collins" excellent judgment and' acute observation that causod bim to "sense" the
accusied and,arrest .Mm.
Constable Logan acoosted a man
who answered to description' ot accused, and, upon challenging him
claims that hto was answered by soy-
©wil 'Bhota. The constable also fired
and u fusilado was kept up until both
men had emptied their guns.
The shooting took place on Sept. 16
. near the switch nt Rampn«rt, and it Is
alleged that accused fired' three shots
at Zappia, fatally wounding him,
Deceased mnde dying deposition ac-
ciiBlng Cutrl of shooting him four
tinvcis.
The evldenoo of the first witness,
MiaTio Antont PoBCOBlmoa, who wob in
the box most of tihe day, went to show
that tho quarrel tires© ovor a sum of
money claimed to be paid for hor faro
to the country, When ,thl» evidence
camo out His Lordship called prosecuting oounBol'is attention to what ho
tormod "the buying and selling of
theso unfortunate women like cattle,"
and suggested couhboI to communlcato
v    wlUi Attorney Gonorail,
' Salvador Barberlo, anothor witness
who was prosont and claimed to havo
eoon tho Shooting, proved to he. so un*.
satiafactory that Ills Lordship ad-
journod tho court to giro lilm Mmo to
" reflect upon hi* evidence.
Tho -court adjourned on Thursday
ovonlng nnd tho jury woro locked up
under tho care of sheriff nnd his officer.
Upon reopening of tho court on Krl*
dny tho witness, of previous ovonlng
wnn "placpd In hox nnd caso ramimw).
Crowwwamlnod by Mr. Wilson wit.
noss denied that ho had nny livtontilon
of mooting Urunl Cutrl or rtflio woman
whon ho wont to Ilnmiinrt Junction;
ho wna Just going for a llttlo train rldo.
Ho alno don-lod Irolng with Mr. Wilson,
tho chlof of dmnbrook police, and talking with thorn on llm afternoon pro-
violin to th* tragedy, tOounsol t\itm*
Glonod <th« wltnoaa sovorol itlmes, but
i       Iio pe-ralttwl that ho wnn not with
them.  Asked whero ho bought a ticket to ho answered "Wardnor." Ho was
not iput off twin, but got offbornuso
It stopped, nrid, stood on tho platform
soar tho train, Questioned why ho did
Ib opening his speech, Mr. Wilson
-p-olnjfcedi out that if they .believed the
prisoner fired In self-defence they had
no -other -course but to discharge him.
If, on' tlie other hand,' he fired tlie
shots In a moment of passion, and anger, then "he -could onlly-be guilty of
manslaughter. Counsel pleaded with
the jury to consider tlie whole facts of
the -case, the temperament and pas-
-sfonate nature of both d-eceased and
accused, and concluded ■ Ms -remarks
.with an eloquent appeal to the' Jury to
give the accused a fair show irrespec-'
tlve of nationalities. Mr. Wilson certainly handled his -case well and created quite an. impression on the court by
■his laat effort Ito enlist sympathy for
the accused'. He begged the jury to
welgtfi, the heavy responsibility that
was -nesting upon them- and consider
that the verdict 'dhey would return that
might coulld not be amended didi they
feel any regret or doubt on the mor-
■row.
■ IMr. 'Moffitt addressed the jury- at
'■some length, illustrating the fact that
,io miast cases of murder circumstantial evidence alone-was available, but
dm Ithls case they had -the evidence of
several eye witnesses.. He reviewed
the -trading of ithe .woman and the gei>
eral unsavory character of .the whole
proceedings, pointing out at, the same
tlme'itfliey were mot trying accused tor
ih'i-s morals -but upon the charge of killing. Salvador Barberie, counsel candidly admitited, could not he reMed upon amd he would leave it to the jury
to eil-imihat© his-,evidenc© should they
so -wish'." He dtd not isle them to give
his evtidence any cred-ence. The accused must .necessarily be a biased
wiltnes®, but the woman, if what the
prisoner said was, correct, should he
ithe -most favorable witness the defence
had, but her evidence had" prtived' to
be m-oat'damaging to-prisoner's case.
He 'criticized -Cutrt's statement that he
did' -ncnt-iflt-g until -he' oaw" the ,butt of_
-FeIix-Zapp.ias«rYanT^«aving"Te^ra*;to
ithe posiftloni of-both "accused and! deceased, it was. impossible for the for--
mer to have-seen the butt of the revolver, as Felix would.have to draw
from- hiis'ibip .pocket. Further, If the
deceased -had his-gun partly drawn it
waa .remarkable that he did not get the
first oholt. lri:      *• •  /
• His Honor, in summing up, first
read to the jury a definition of homicide and culpaMe homicide. He also
HUu-streited to the jury what would
constitute provocation nnd what would
not. While very careful, just and impartial, His Lordship's summing, up
was most lucid- and juddclal. The firing of the three -shots, he explained,
had a.certain significance, but on©
shot wont astray; and therefore tould.
not have committed the crime. The
other hit deceased lu the leg, hut
■would wat have caused death. The first
shot, ho thought from tho mwlicnl evidence, caused death, and .the jury had
to decide Whether Cutrl hnd any- rear
sonable belief to suppose that deceas*-
.ed intended to shoot. If thoy believed
deceased! did think Zappla intended to
shoot him*, then the accused fired in
■sdlf-def-ence and must be acquitted,
They, however, had to judge and hte
remarks wero only made to direct
them—they could, of course, accept or
reject .snmo.
The jury retired at 0.10 to -con-slder
their verdict.
Tho c-ourt reassembled «t 8.35 nndi
tho hush that settled upon those "pros-
ont indicated a tenseness and strain
that h«* never been experienced In tho
Fernlo court house.
Upon- the clork enquiring of the foreman1 for tho result of their doMbora-
tions tho answer was:
'We find tho accused guilty."
Tiie verdict evidently took a numbor of thoso prospnt by surprise, whilo
oven1 His LonMilp scorned visibly af-
fofttod.
In a voice not without emotion, Hi»
Ixwl'SlUi) directed Mr, Loul» Caroselln,
who had -acted ns Interpreter through
the case, to go to tho dock sido and
prisoner was ordered to eland.
Ank-ml if ho had anything to sny why
■son ton co vhonld not bo paaaod, tho
prisoner gnvo a nogntlvc. In fact ho
apoonrcd not to rcallxo iiroperly itho
-awftilivosH of tho «ontonco that was* to
bo pawMMl upon him, Ho leaned, ovor
to <tho Intorprotor and tho quowtlon
wn* repeated, Hl# Lord«b1|) then, pass-
<vltho Jn*t dmid iwnnlty, which wan
-tmn«litiod by tho Interimrter wont for
wonl, tlio concluding ■ontemco of
which ("and mny tho Lord hnvo mor*-
oy on your soul") was uttprwl by both
Jndgo and Interpreter ln a volco wliich
thoy control-Jed with difficulty,
Tho d«to for (tarrying out^wjjvtoncfl
wm fixed for January Rth, iftli. x
wm iwToicSitoSf."
Report of Delegates to the
Annual Convention of the
Ttades and Labor Congress
To the Membership,
District 18, U. M. W. of A.
Greeting:
The Congress was called to order at
10 a.m. on Monday, Sept. 22, by J. E.
Foster, President of, the Trades, and
Labor Council of Montreal. Speaking
in both English and French, he welcomed the delegates to tbe city. He
was ably supported by Alphonse Ver-
vllle, who also, spoke in both languages. The .Mayor of Montreal was
next introduced and he lt said for bim
he made a very sensible address. During his speech he made suitable -reference to the work of the city comptroller, who, by the way, was' a labor man.
Next we heard Joe Ainy, city comptroller, who received quite an ovation,
undoubtedly the.mayor's testimonial
having something to do with it. ,: He
fittingly mentioned how nice it Was
that the chairman, .an Englishman,
had welcomed the delegates in French
while he, a French Canadian, was doing his best to speak in English.
1 Wm, Thorne, M. P.,- fraternal .delegate from the-British Trades Union
Congress, was next called ■ upon. He
very plainly drew the Congress' attention to the fact that not many years
ago, mayors, aldermen and such like
would not think of welcoming a Congress to town, yet now it was getting
to be an established custom, showing
plainly the progress of unionism, the
various authorities recognizing labor
not because they liked to" but because
they .were forced to.
'Thorne was proud of the fact that
he. was the first British fraternal delegate anil stated he represented -3,000,-
000 workers. A. McSorley, fraternal
delegate from the American Federation'of Labor, brief ly'thanked the parties for their speeches of welcome on
b^^f^o^L^XW^,20.00JLAinionists_oL
America.' r        s       ■_-.-,
A. Stud-holme, M. P. P., a gray-haired old veteran, made a very neat little
speech,-humorously referring to the
fact he was so young that he had not
much to say. v   -'      ■''..-'•
President J. C. Watters was' therein-
troduced to" the Congress and wag'very
well received, He thanked the various
parties on behalf of the delegates for
their addresses of welcome;   He then
appealed to the delegates to make' the
Congress as successful as they possibly could, pointing out that there may
be some who had come there to air
grievances.   However, he pleaded for
harmony and finally asked that whatever transpired, let not differences of
opinion) lead to personal differences.
The Congress' was then officially
called to order and a credential committee appointed. On presenting a partial report thoy recommended the seating of 320 delegates, Including two
fraternal delegates and 23 representatives of International' unions,   Later a
roport was brought in and accepted,
which seated 315 delegates.   The committee mado mention of the fact that
a credential had heen received from
George -Pettlgrew, Vancouver Island,
International Board Member, for that
district, but that ho was detained by
tho kind administers of justice on the
Island  on   whnt  appeared  to' he  a
trumped up charge, ball not being allowed,  A suitable wlro expressing re-
grot and oIbo hopes for victory was
sent to Bro. Pettlgrew from the Con-
gross.  Tho contents of same havo already appeared ln the District Ledger.
Miss Allco Henry,. editor Life and
Labor, Chicago, addressed tho Congress on behalf of tho female workers
of the country, iploadlng for better attention for thorn,
Delegate J. W. Wilkinson, Vancouver, during the afternoon asked the
privilege of-tlie. floor to introduce a
certain matter-at that juncture. The
privilege being granted, Wilkinson
briefly mentioned the -Vancouver Island situation,.,moving a motion- which
was carried .unanimously that he get
the floor next day. at 10.30 a.m. in order that the Island situation might be
fully dealt with.-,
A delegate representing the leather
travelling goods workers  asked  the
On Thursday morning, whilst discussing a certain resolution, a colored
delegate stated that the capitalist
class were ably defended with four b's
—bullets, bayonets, Bibles and bottles,
not forgetting our friends the sky pilots, now known as soul aviators.
The next order of business was the
addresses of the fraternal delegates.'
Mr. Sorley, A. F. of L., read an address
touching chiefly on legislation passed
in the interests of the workers in the
A. F.„of L. organizers to take the mat- States. ^ He evidently forgot to men:
ter up oi trying to organize those men,
inasmuch as only Toronto had ^such
workers organized in a local in "Canada at presents
.Nothing further of importance transpired until Tuesday at"10.30j when Delegate Wilkinson went oyer the strike
situation,.' giving a chronological account of -the' most important happenings, the Congresiv paying Bipedal attention to all that was said. Wilkinson
was followed by Delegate Rees, of District 18, who 4«alt;with different phas*
es of the situation. Del. J. D. /McLennan,'Nova Scotia, also touched on the
matter. The, question on motion was
referred' to the ways and means committee, the suggestion- heing made that
Congress grant $500.00 toward the purchase of boots.letc, for the women and
children.       •*'*•■_.   " -
Dr. Shearer next 'addressed the Congress on behalf; of'the Moral Reform
Society. He scathingly mentioned the
fact that when .certain measures .passed
through Provincial Houses, that would
materially assist'their Society in its
work, the Federal house turned some
down .without-consideration. -
In the, afternoon organizers' reports
were read. .A. iVerville, in his report,
advised -all international bodies to do
-Tvhatfthey^couiafr<fTof^niz^tHe~MarI-
time Provinces:   He pointed out the
deplorable^results iof.the .present -religious troubles in:the East, showing
how  this matter- has  marked, effect
on some loca} unions,' keeping them
hack considerably, ;$nd asked Congress
tb try to- eliminaw; saSho'lf-. po&stbl-e";
•_ 'President-Ryan,  of,- the ^ Structural
Iron Workers, brief ly • addressed the
convention, touching on the hazardous
nature .of their employment and 'the
comparatively low wages lfaid.'-' An organizer for the Brewery Workers, illustrating tlie condition of the brewery workers, pointed out-that If tho
delegates  wanted  a  drink of union
beer, they would have to go outside
the -Province of Quebec for it.   He explained that young women In the bottling works of Montreal received the
munificent sum of $4.50 to $6.00 per
week, $13.00 per week being the maximum wage paid men for that work.
He claimed that through their organ-'
Izatton the Winnipeg brewery workers
two years ago got 200 per cent ad
vance.   They have an organization In
Montreal, but have to bo awfully secret with It, because tho brewery trust
Hires a union man Immediately and
what ls more thoy will not employ
union tradesmen tp perform their carpentry, Iron work, etc,, If they can
possibly avoid It.
Organizer Trotter's report" gavo a
considerable amount of ' statistics
which very plainly demonstrated the
wonderful strides mado by organized
labor generally In Canada. A spoclal
committee was appointed to draw up
resolutions, etc., ro Immigration matters.
Pros. Klrby, of tho Unltod Brotherhood of Carpenters or Joiners, briefly
addressed tho convention.
tion the maladministration of the various statutes; for. instance, the actions of employers in WestJ Virginia,
Colorado and Calumet, Michigan. He
pointed out that 17 Congressmen, one
Senator and two members of Wilson's
cabinet were union men still holding
union cards in their respective organizations. One important amendment he
mentioned was one giviing postmen the
right to appeal for better wages, conditions, etc. Previous to the passing
of this act they were not allowed1 to
ask for increases or anything else. Another important feature was in connection with watches on board ships.
iMasters'and mates had -been on times
forced tto stay on watch 60 hours and
over at a stretch, the consequent danger being obvious to anyone. Such
practice is now prohibited, a bill being
NELSON  PEOPLE WILL
BUY STREET RAILWAY
Shareholders Vote to Sell  Utility at
50 Cents on the Dollar
NELSON, B. C, Oct 22.~By the
overwhelming majority of 17,925 to 2,-
070 stockholders of tho Nelson Street
Railway Company last night voted to
sell out to the city for fifty cents on
the dollar, payable in twenty years,
five per cent debentures, A bylaw to
-authorize the Issue of bonds will
come before tho council tonight and
will be submitted to the people with
the bylaw to purchase a gas plant for
$50,000.
REMOVED FROM OFFICE
Mr.
Sulzer Ceases to be Governor of
New York—Is Succeeded by
Mr. Glynn
ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 22.—Mr. William Sulzer ceased to be Governor of
the State of New York at noon today.
He was removed flrom office by the
High Count of Impeachment by a vote
of 43 to 12, two members not voting.
-Mr. Martin H. Glynn,. Lieu tenant-Governor, was sworn In- as his successor.
The verdict of the court was that
Sulzer was guilty of falsification, perjury "and an attempt to suppress evidence against him. Of all other charges he was acquitted, the court unanimously voting him not guilty of the
four remaining articles of impeachment.
By* a virtually unanimous vote also,
the impeachment tribunal decided that
Sulzer should not tie punished by disqualification to hold office of honor
and trust in this state in the future.
This would have -.been, the extreme
penalty under the law.
passed instituting a three-watch sys
tem.
Wm. Thorne, M. P., Great' Britain,
was next called upon.   He outlined the
mode of proceedure governing British
trade union congresses.'   He reported
that he represented, nearly three million workers and was  proud of. the
fact, more especially so seeing he was
the  first British  fraternal  delegate
The Gas Workers' Union, to which h-j
belonged,—v/as-about-the-strongestr if-
not the strongest, laborers' organization in Britain,  Canada or.America.
They had approximately 120,000 members, with about 500 branches or locals.   The last British Congress!was
the largest yet held, 544 delegates be-
ing:.in attendance.-- Ho ■ deplored' the
fact that the Irish workers had' seced*
ed. from the English, workers' union,
some'ten to fifteen years ago, for reasons best known to thetfiselves.   During the last two years wonderful progress has taken place, having an increase In  membership  of  300,000 ln
both  Great  Britain  and  the  United-
States, yet there's lots of room for further progress.  In Great Britain out of
twelve   million   adult   workers   only
three millions wore organized. Among
tho nine million unorganized undoubtedly many of them havo been mem-
hers at some time or another, but had
somo potty causo for not continuing
in   membership.    The   British  Congress, unlllco the Canadian Congress,
do not appoint organizers, , although
the last Congress granted  £500 for
the purpose of assisting to organize
the   agricultural    laborers,    Josoph
Arch,   ex-M. P.,   mado   a   good   attempt along this line, ho bo-lng an agricultural laborer hlmsolf.   The work
of organizing theso mon is extraordinarily difficult, Inasmuch as thoy aro
usually In small segregated bodies un*
llko laborors ln an Industrial centre
Again the chances to organize Is hindered owing to tho fact that It la almost impossible for tho farm laborer
to pay a cont toward tho upkeep of a
union. Tho highest wagos paid thorn Is
about U shillings a wook, or $3.50;
then thoy havo eight conts a week to
VANCOUVER ISLAND
TROUBLES RECITED
VANCOUVER. Oct. 21.—.Those who
attended at the Empress theatre last
evening had a first-hand account of
the labor troubles on ^Vancouver Island from ,'!Bob" Taylorj one of the
miners who has playedl'an Important
part in the events of recent date there.
-t*i'©rSr" ■■■■■■-■■
Mr. Taylor told how the government
had come into the district and had
highhandedly made its object to suppress the miners-and their organization. ' The result, said Mr. Taylor,
would only be the strengthening of the
union.' He said that the right'to'assemble had been taken from the miners and they were, not allowed. to
bold a public meeting. He described
at length how the miners were surrounded while meeting (peacefully ln
their hall and arrested and submitted
to Indignities by, soldiers with loaded
rifles1. At that time, he declared, tho
miners were taunted and almost incited to revolt, but thoy took' the peaceful way, though the militia had oponly
stated they wished to havo some trou-
hie with them.
Tho men who wero then detained
wero still held ln Jail without a trial
in conditions that were anything hut
the best. iMany of them wero suffering In health nnd would never be Hie
namo men again. Yet tho spenker
found somo consolation In tho fact
that men would bo stirred to think
moro nftor thoso cventB and they
would seek tho remedy which would
mako such things Impossible.
(Continued on pngo two.)
I ^JUJ.
-liSiisiajBiBiaiBiBiai^^
The Road Tax and the
Civic Voters' List
not go on with -train ho* remarked that .
to tho ©thoro talk tho train wont on,     Thojiwt -wttmeM «worn wns I»n»-
Quontionod a» to whether Cutrl or Ziip- m** Zappto. brottwr of the deceased,
pla woro mm, he roplM'to th* wr- Till* wltnoo» denied point blank th*|
bmvo.   in reply to question by ©oun-1 l»r*viou» warn** «w«iMat; tiiu be
i<i-3   11o,m uoi i'i* uuy.mviivi''mm,  wna rot-tnlMny wiil Jlr, WJtowi.  hv
FIRE   AT  THE   IMPERIAL   HOTEL
Householders will not be on the Voters' List if they do not call at j
City Police office and pay the $2.00 Road Tax before the end of October. \
IJ you don't do this you will not be on the list and will be denied a
voice in the management of this city.
Don't delay—pay the $2,00 and have a say in the management of
affairs. Next pay day will be too late, find the $2,00 this week and
pay it to the Chief of Police; then go and ask the City Clerk to put you
on the list.   List closes October 31st.
Tlio flro hell aroused -the crltlzoiiB of
Tornio at 3 a.m. Friday and tho brigade received nn urgent call from tho
Imperial Hotel, a portion of tho .basement of which was on flro.
It would appear tlmt tho flro originated under tho floor of tho 'kltchon
■rango and burnt down through floor
boards and Joists to tho conl storo adjoining the1 boiler house. Tho wliolo
wood-work of the floor wiih burning
fiercely when tho brigade arrived nnd
ftonio difficulty was oxpwlcnced In
iraelrlntf iho flro, owing to tho innc-
ppsmihllKy of tltr> pollnr. Howovw,, tho
flro chief nnd hl« mon Biiccoodod to
pouring ,tx sufficient volume of wat«r
onto tlio floor and Into tho collor (o
provoni tho flro spreading Into tlio
dining -room. Tho damn go 1* not of n
vory worloiw nnturo nnd, thanks to tho
flm-proof construction of tho collnr, 1«
rnnflnod nltnOHt entirely to tins kltchon
floor and Jol8t«.
Tho wrtddontu of tho surrounding
buildings and Wnlilorf Hotol worn
grontly alarmed, sovwnl of tho own-
pant* donning hut .scanty a Hire and
making n hurnled oxlt.
hirt ho wiw Felix 55ftppla with $100 In
$20 bill*. iHo did not know whore ho
sal tlio money from. Questioned an
to shoofclntf, ho said Uio mon walkod
down irwck to switch! he did not foc-ar
w^'if Tf***}*pn$?■?■ ?,v\fcr/? tf?* f}**^ tt-th'O* n\?*M
tirod. Uo mw tlio shots fired- an In,
torvwl of about on* second *rtl»p«lng bo-
two-en ouch shot, Tlio men woro about
four foot apart whon flint thot wa»
<*wl, lloth mon were In mlddlo of
t-mck. Zapplii did not lure hl» hand
to bl* tilp {Mekot, Art«<t u to wbtt
TwtPD-wnenf nft<rr th*# ffmfc thot, wlttww*
mid Kftpplft jtood ttill. Aftor tiie woe*
and that t»o otcloimeKl "!!« Mil too!"
and when third nbot wat fired ho foil.
Ho al«o *tated that when dooeotod
gavo Mm <iwi revolver It wm not lo*4-
«d. After tho tbootln* to wont up to
tlw fojttrad man *nd ttt« wyman took
docoasod'a fcA&d In ber lap. Tho ac
caa-ed ran off tbe track to tho wagon
roa<f. Tto thftx went Co tbo <Jst»t and
wired tho pollco; ho did not Mod any
othor wlro from Rampart «tmt day. Ho
chief of pollen, nnd tralh conductor,
He alao «mted that on tba nlgbt of the
thooiinff Salvador Rarberio gave him
a .revolver and a watch bolonglng to
Wa tirothwr.  Th*w» wwo produced in
/.■Mi-rt iriA ttli'.tiliftfiit  rt*l*ti ytti'iyjyt**- t*"?.7
not loaded when ho rocelvod It. Ho
know Mario Antonio Porscternla and
wna Hvin* wHh hor. Ho "left her on
tho lflth at 1 o'clock to go to work. In
oonaoquonce of what ho hoard about
tto© woman going nwny bo n»lt work
and went to iho chlof of police, wbo
told Wm* to nm * Uwyar. Ho «,w Sfr,
fVWilwa,
AIRSHIP EXPLODES
KILLING THIRTY
BERLIN, Oct, 18.—Tho now naval
Zeppelin alrablp 'IM" oxplodod in
tbe air near Jobannltthal today and
was completely wrecked. AU the
crew were killed.
About 30 peraona were aboard the
The party Included the entire
- ij-lJU-,';j1 n lnWilii aU-ul   .
airship
Tbo cMet and Mr. Wilson j admiralty trial board faoadtd by Com
adrtaod both Wm and Salvador not to|mander BenUeh condnetlnsr thn final
ko to ilamTKir-t, aa thoro might bo trouble.
Cro*M»tamiB*d by Mr. WII*on: WU
ixwa Mated that Mr. WlUon. Chief of
Police. Starv&torf, Pboeuts Zappi* and
blnwetf wero on tho dopot talking n>
K<Mb«r, UxU the chief adrfwd thorn not
to to to rtaniDArt.   Qurjatfoncd by
(Conllnuod on pa*« eight)
trials prior to the acceptance or tbo
new craft ai part of tho now German
aerial navy.
Tho-crew ware nnder command of
Uent. Prayer of th* navy and Captain
•ninth, ono ef CVwni Zeppelin's veteran
dirgttte pilots.
Tho atrshtp wploded at 10,15 a.m.,
whilo tt waa over tba ootaklrta of Jo-
- ijiui.ii';-
lino fort.
Pell on Highway
Tho croft foil on the mnln highway
loading into Johuunlsthal, Un blackened wreck a twisted aluminum frumo-
-It^-tV.    ^fc-uV-*..>*<--'#,      ;4*9      fc-^-*-W*-. ,UV      *9t9t.*t..
axmb of tho accident Is unknown.
The dlrglble had Jntt left IU shod
and travwscd hardly a Qitartor of a
mil© In the direction of llorlln.
Spectators suddenly saw a mighty
pillar of fire «hoot from the balloon
and tbo n««t Instant tho craft was a
mass o! n»m-n* plunging to earth,
burying thoso aboard beneath Ua
wrccka-sc. Thi nnmes and exact
nuwbrr of victims, horcvor, could not
bo obtained directly after the accident
Caum Surprise
Followlna so shortly upon tho disaster of fl*pt. » te it, whon a alipflar air-
*h"p lsfirifb'-d for tb« tuny -aa *%.."
wnn t+HirtivHl In a hnrrf-»ar»#> with *
loss of 15 men. the news of today's
catastrophe has caused consternation
-.-1  ' -.
iUi.i
II    M-J-UJUUl.ti.)    i'iXui
throughout tho cnpltnl.
Tho "M" wob tho latoit and largost
of tho now craft doaigncd for the German nnvy.   It was about 600 tool long.
Tho SCfippellii   nirnhlp   hnvo   boon
DROTHER AMANS LABSALLE'8
OENEFIT DRAWINO
At the Ills Thursday Night
Tho .drawing* for tho above, which
wna fldvortlscd for Thanksgiving Dny,
wiih unavoidably postponod on account
of several pooplo. falling lo mnko return for tlcKotn wold, Whl-lo mnny"pooplo w«»ro dlimppolntod, it was thought
ndvlRnblo to mt nil rotunm po»n1blo
, Dworo holding tno drawing nnd tuns
:! :ivi.',d ',-i.nv   U'lMiiii   ('f   M ■.v.ilW'.ir'Md*.
among thrwo who hnd purrhnnwl tickets.   Thn mnnngi»n»nt of tho Isis donated two $5.*0 gold rdt*cs,.Mr..FHUik
Snntoni ono $5.00 'plcco and tho His-
trict fjndgw $r.,00,
Itet nf -m.iT,-."f wc'
EXPLOSION
ENTOMBS
MINERS
DENVER, Colo., Oct. 22.—Between
230 and 280 miners were entombed by
an explosion in mine No. 2 ot the Stag
Canyon Fuel Company at Dawson, N.
M., at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Tho
entombed men include General Super-
intond-ont Frank McDermott of tho
mine and several other American miners. The causo of the explosion is unknown: iMeagro advices received tonight wero that only five miners had
been taken alive from the upper level.
These reports stated that most of th©
day shift were t employed below the
second level, where the shaft was
blocked with debris resulting from the'
explosion.
A-ccoucts from Dawson and Ration
wore uncertain as -to the possibility   A
of rescuing any of the men aJlve, whilo
a statement came from El Paso, expressing hope that most of tho en- ,
tombed  men  would  be found  aiive.
This .belief was based on the fact that
the workings of No. 2 mine are connected by a tunnel with mine No. 5,
while an air shaft is expected to fur- '
nis>h another means of exit.
- Immediate relief work was undertaken -by  men   from the, night shift   -
and neighboring mines.   Appeals for
aid started scores of experienced miners from Trinidad and the surrounding «6al camps shortly after 6 o'clock
and they were expected ito reach Dawson before midnight.'
•DAWSON,   N.   M.,   Oct.   22.—Two
hund-red and   thirty  miners  are en-
tom-bed in shaft No. 2 of the State
Canon mines here when°an explosion^
occurred at the property at 3 o'clock
this afternoon, according to/an offi-'*
cial estimate.   Two men found on an
upper .level were itaken from the mino
.tonight,—Rescuers—wsre-eall-ed—front-
all  parts of  the  southern Colorado - ''
coal fields.   The Stag mine is owned
by the Phelps Dodge company of New
YOrk, .
Drilling Through Debris
Immediately nfter the explosion all
shifts were, called.to the work bf ree-1 '"
cue and thos© miners who were employed in other shafts were put tb
work drilling through the debris,
which was said to have blocked the
mine bolow the second,lovcl.
Three Rescued
Throo Italian minors wore rescued
alivo from tho debris at the opening
of tho Stag mine at 9.30 o'clock to-
■night. , ThlB make» flvo miners who
havo boen rescued. The rescuo party
is making slow headway against tho
tons of coal and debris which is blockading tho mine. Tho flvo men rescued wero separated from the mnin body
of tbo minors at tho timo of tho explosion and could toll nothing of It.
Ky 10 o'clock tonight tho rescunrs
lmd poii©trated moro man 100 foot Into tho mouth of tho mino nnd had
readied flvo of tho entombed minors,
who wero allvo. From conditiona
which havo boen nwt, by .rescuers
«dnco digging within thc debris, it 1«
now bollovcd thnt air supply Is plentiful, no it hns been found to grow bet-.
tor n» tho reHcuors progress toward
tho -centre of tho tnlno,
Relief Camp
Mayor K. U Kinney of this city haa
organized n relief camp at tho mino,
where rescuers nro bolng cared for
and where mlncr» as thoy aro token
out will bo given medicnl nsfllstancfl
If nocotmnry. Tlio mayor declared tonight that it was Impossible to mako
any conjecture' con-corning tho possible 1ob« of lifo and tlint nono of tho
mino officials or rescuers on tho
ground would euro to make nny statement,.' .".;
Tho nlr supply within tlio mino Is
now tho chlof concern of tlio rencuM-ii,
who boliovo thoy will bo nblo to reach
tho Intorlor of tlio mino by tomorrow
nlg-lit nt tho latest.
In tho rollof ciunpR tdluntod wvcnil
yards from thoontrnnco of mino No. :i
are gathered tbo women und children
of tho ontotnbod inlaws. Minors' families nre'cWoorod by tho knowlodgo
tlmt SiiporlntwidMit. Mcltennott la
among tho riuiln body of Iho minora
Hitoiiibod nnd-thoy hnvo conflili-nro
«m lmvo tho,mino.officials. In tho su.
porliiUwlMit's Twoumu in such a dis-
nstor,
Tonltrlit ^h<, w>«cu«» work h ■j»r<wi»«vj-
Ing by Hhlfli*. As ono group of rescu-
orn,|s driven tm-f'k for (»|r nnoth-rr
tnken Its ' pinco,' no that tli^ work Is
oontlnii-mis. Thnt system Is to bo con-
tlniMvl until tho l«*f of tho mon known
to havo lx*n caught In th« -explosion
will havo ten found.
TOTAL NUMBER KILLED IN
COLLIERY OI&A&TER I* -Ut*
NHW YOUK. Oct. 20—Th* TrUnin*.
!n a npflcinl cnMo from London, says:
Thoro la no hopo of bringing any more
No fewer than seven of them bavo
been destroyed by flro, exploaton or
wreck.
Many minor accidents have happon-
od to othor air vessels of tho samo
typo Involving n largo number of
killed or Injured.
On tho occasion ot m« last catastro-
I*a on HopL S» the tlernnin «*mi*ror
was said to bar© wept «n hearlnjr tho
nowa. Ha bad b<»n in command of
tha naval review of tho day and dlrgl-
bio "W PfldO Of Mw Herman navy,
bad boon MUM*. In roconnaUanco
work. In tha evenine »h* wa* Moan
awty tn tmn hy ,1 rhlfttt rif** Wh*n
aba struck tba water sbe broke In half
and sank
Ko. 7fi4. O, Moroehl, first prlio.
No. 375, W. 8h»w. F«<rnlP, wscond
prlao,
No, 786, Ufarll Galea, Fernlo, third
prlto.
No, 019, B. drier, (name not d«*l-
T>tn»**Wh-!o), KM
No, 628, V. HortolloUl, IS.00.
No. 771. Msry Clnlls. IR.OO.
So.   1'i'i    lnam»   nnd*pctphivraWi,».i
15.00,
'*hr*r* ?"v!™J^ won n\i*t* out of iho burning pit nt
tfMilrtH'Jiydfl, J*iinii Wilton. As wMi aa
can bo now ostlmatcd, S70 mon are
still cntomboil. This number, with f.l
hodlos Mreusbt up, with four death*
surwrvonlng nftor rescuo, and with tho
banksman nnd another retcuor klll-Ml,
brings tho total of victims to 4M, an
unparall-fU'd number In thia country.
A relief fund has been opened by tho
ior«l mayor at tho Mansion Houso, nt
Uiu   I'. <tUvi»l tit   il\*i   tiUSCUlWti  *lt   Uiu
ikmth XVuUm Mlnere' F<*d«natlon, and
Tho hold*** of hwky numtx-rs nr* « *»"* hM *I",^m 'Jfr^ML?.0
rorjowtod to fonrtm tboir tlckota *o *""« ",*>?WB?1^I*"- H^ *SLa'
i\sL «ffi« -*,.*„, ^*i,v «n^ *» win  tions havo already t"*n rw«-lv«l.  Th«
«hhi offloo without d^ay and we win
forward pritos.
Th*. iTomoters of tU' draw loir »i*J.
King
f/j:..l.
h»»  sent   CfiftO to tho Cardiff
tt> ttttivlr ult ttinnr. *9't\t* -nf.r iR-f hoiifrh-''    Ttifrr* .ire •om**" hcirwlmi: ri*,**-
Hclcela or assisted in any *ay to tml*** \ of <U»tn>s and tbe ne*i for lmm«dUU.
Iho drewlng n m+ttim.
asslntanco Is ttrgtrnt. ft-
III-
lit
iff-
I
X'-'
,'.'t-"'
>--«■ •• ."---;*.- **i- \Vl .a
PAGE TWO,
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,' FEBME^ B. C, OCTOBER 25, 1913.
.-V n
%:
Report of Delegates to
Trades and Labor Congress
[i
1
I
Ir'
pay for insurance, so that they can ill
afford to pay union dues with their'
■ many other wants out of ?3.50 per
week. He dwelt next with the extraordinary number of strikes that (have re-
cently.occurred in the British Isles. He
pointed out that the leaders were ntot
anxious for same, by*t that it was a big
task to keep men from striking. He
touched on the Black Country strike
in Warwickshire and Staffordshire of
something like three years' duration,
striking for the magnificent sum of 25
shillings per week for men and 12 shillings for women as minimum, wage.
However, they did not accomplish
tlieir ends. Then the late dock strike
with the militia and gun boats; and
then the Irish transport workers'
strike. Here it is worthy or note that
although Larkin was primarily the
cause of 'the withdrawing of the Irish
, workers owing to a quarrel between
himself and another leader named Sexton, it seems that tbe cause of the
- trouble was that 15 years ago, Just as
„sooii as the Irish workers were Initiated, 'before ink was dry on their due
cards they wanted to strike. However,
despite all this, the British Congress
noted with regret that the authorities
had stopped a mass meeting in Dublin,
clubbing the men so severely that two
were killed and several injured. They
decided .to send six delegates over to
Ireland to speak. The six men arrived
in Dublin and addressed 50,000 workers and there was no commotion because there were no policemen. He
pointed out that our organizations can
do great things, but they cannot abolish poverty. The workers who assist
in electing bosses as parliamentary or
municipal representatives were Nothing but political blacklegs. What difference was there whether they -were
Tory, Liberal, Democrats,'or any other
"Oats," they do not represent your
class, hence are no good to you. He
next drew attention to one or two of
the things that the party in power are
■doing at present. Three million acres
of land is kept idle in,-Scotland for
the   aristocratic    gentry   to   go, out
' shooting on. If-land was cultivated
along scientific lines, the British Isles
could feed 100 millions and as yet they
had got barely 40 millions population.
Again,. 74 millions sterling, or over
$370,000,000, is spent' on armaments,
an increase of $45,000,000 a year since
Lloyd George took on the job. He claimed It was time that men looked after
their own welfare and quit petty quarrels and jealousy, etc., and especially
such trivial things as when their leaden happened to be stout it's "look at
the fat-bellied bounder!'' If his collar
happened to be dirty it's "Look at the
•filthy brat!" and so on. He appealed to
men to rise above,that and ibe up and
doing and not satisfied to let their
stomachs act as sewers for any old
garbage the employing class cared to
dole out. ,
Quite an argument took place on
 Friday   m'orning over a question <rt
"finance, "your fepYe"senta"tives"Tcla"s"fflifg
rather sharply with the secretary of
the Congress. P..IU. Draper ipulled his
argument through, but sorry to say
some men have not sufficient courage
to participate in a standing vote. ^
Irrthe afternoon session on Friday
we were treated to as fine a bit of
political work a? ever the Hon. Dick
McBride, Billy Ross or any of tlieir ilk
" could pull off.  This was over the election  of  officers   and  fraternal   delegates. The three resident officers were
re-elected.   From observation it would
appear that at least a dozen men had
made the necessary arrangements for
,the nomination speeches, etc.    They
. would evidently have beon sorely disappointed had just an ordinary mem-
- ber of the rank and file so far forgotten (himself ris to get up and nominate
(Continued from page one)
one of the ticket and thus partly spoiled the slated speech maker from having the first crack at it. A. Verville,
M. .P., nominated iby J'v W. Wilkinson,
of Vancouver, was elected as fraternal
delegate fior the British Congress, and
Gustave Francq, .Montreal, was elected
as fraternal delegate for the A. F. 'of
L. convention. The iparty man in this
case, nominated by Vice President
Bankcroft, was defeated..
Here we would recommend that the
United .Mine Workers at least urge by
resolution at the next Congress that
the officers and fraternal delegates
get elected by referendum' vote. It
was unanimously decided to hold ithe
next convention in St. John, Vancouver and Windsor, Ontario, appealing
for the 1915 Congress for their cities.
It is to be hoped Nova Scotia will be
considerably strengthened by the Congress sessions next year, as they certainly need the stimulating effect of
some such body.
A few amendments were made to
the constitution, chief among them being one that requires resolutions
coining before Congress to be submitted at least ten,days prior to the
convening of Congress, the resolutio*
committee to be appointed and meet
one day prior to convention to 'receive
their work. This will greatly facilitate
tho work of the Congress, also
save expense and be ibetter in many
ways. Before a resolution can be moved off the floor of the convention two-
thirds of the delegates will have to
give their' consent.
The special committee on immigration' made their report. Among other
tilings they pointed out the necessity
of labor bodies placing all available
data before an Imperial Commission,
who will be taking this matter up in
the near future. Numerous instances
were cited where the emigration laws
were.flagrantly violated, the employers setting them aside without the
least qualm.
(President Wall of the Photo Engravers' Union delivered an excellent address, dealing mainly with the photo
engravers' strike, 'showing how ably
government officials assisted in trying
to break this strike, giving" abundant
proof, explaining hiow shipping agents,
etc., were in league. Regardless of immigration restrictions, the engravers
held four men in Halifax for a long
time waiting for the institution of deportation proceedings. Minister Crothers, .Scott and others continually
made excuses and deportati'on has not
yet taken place. Positive proof was
given how employers, in order' to
evade the.money qualification, gave'
men they intended to use as strike
breakers a draft for $50.00 drawn on
a bank in Toronto, conditionally, that
upon presenting this draft at a certain
place they secured employment, purely a breach of the' law. Justice"Gra-
nam, of Toronto, gave a ruling regard-
ing-lhls-matter^ to=the effect that a
man in possession of money, no matter
in going straight to the weak
spot in treating disease ? If so,
you will never use anything
but Peps for coughs, colds, bronchitis, and throat and lung
troubles.   Listen why I
Peps are tiny tablets, which
contain rich medicinal ingredients, so prepared that they turn
into vapour in the mouth, and
are breathed down tothe throat,
the breathing tubes and lungs
direct.
Cough alitnrea go-not to the lungi
and chest at all, but to tho itomscb,
There U abtolately no dlreot oonneotlon
botwoen stomach and lungi.
When you hav* a bad cold, yon
dlgMtion li wuk«ned, Yoa Iom appetite, and If a mun.yourmiulimoktdoM
net "tutu good," In otlur wordi, your
dlgeitlve lynUm il taking Une, AU
tough milium make thii condition
won*. ■'.''*■
Don't ruin your etomaeh to hnl vour
lungi. Take t* Mandy that goaa rlgnt to
tkt ■pet—l,«pi.
Burprlilno how they end oooghi,
catarrh, bronoldti*, eora.t,hro*t, •'nlwgy.
man'i throat," Mtbma, and all lung
troubltw. Contain no poUoo, ud are
bait fer children.
Dr, Gordon StaMoi aayu—"If yon
wUb to eaie and end a cough, If yoa
dMlre to Ux*m tlekllng pMtgm. ud
A.**, il* U,.v*iKi*J iliclrtMMr-S ww,
wiePapa. Tke vine famea ani beliimle
Iumea, ae beneficial itt throat ud iunQ
trouble, wbleh are liberated whM a Pep
I* pat Into the moatb, alu earn another
good man.- fbwawitroatly girai-
eidal,ai»dfen»eef*iaeaulBU»e*«ouUi,
m the palate, ia Uie throat, ud la the
WMb-vfaitiA UiU*, «*« -vi w*.** wilti"*;j'*tJ
by tW» aellfltt."
Have yea tried tbie (aaeu
tenadyt If Mt, ant ent thii
•Hide, write atraae H the warn
•ud daUef thia paper, ud nail
it (with le. ttamp te p*y re-tern
jMet4ge)t»F«peOe.,TenaM,
Iftt? trial paelret will Htm
baaeetyee.
4UlM and t„..
ripaatfiOe.Wi
PEPS*
how lie procured it, shourd'Eelffloweil
to pass. This ruling is given notwithstanding the fact that the immigration
laws distinctly state that no court
shall interfere with the administration
of the aot.
Crothers, when interviewed on these
violations of the immigration laws,
worms out such excuses as it, would
not ibe policy for him to institute proceedings under the act, but suggested
the Toronto city clerk would be the
man to act and we will play-havoc
afterwards. The Toronto city .clerk, af-
ter all kinds of beating about the bush
trying to evade the question, says
"You write us a letter of complaint
and we will write these ofifendlng employers warning them of their conduct."
H'owever, no prosecution has taken
flla-ce and the effect of the warning (If
liny was given) has been moro strike
breakers coming In. nut it ia pleasing to note that the photo engravers
with picketing iports, depots and all
places they could, succeeded in getting
30 out of 3G to Join thoir organization,
paying the fare of 15 back to their
homes. This speaks well for the engravers' organization, as thoy aro less
than 200 In number in Canada.
Tho comnrlttco on' union labels
brought In many valuable suggestions.
Sufflco for us to say ll ls the duty of
ovory organized worker to always ask
for union labol goods. It Is cortalnly
foolish on tho fnoe of it for tx man to
bo porslBtent mbout the affairs of IiIb
own organization and yet all bis food
and clothing to bo tho product or scab
sh-npH. AVe trust our members will
seriously consider this question, Inasmuch nu unless there Is a demand
mndo of tho trader for union goods he
will not stock thorn,
Tho ways and moans commlttoo recommended tho following disbursements: Vancouver Island clothing
fund, fJJOO.OO; Congress secretary,
$1,000,00; iiBBlBtnnt Bncrotury, $!i0,00;
Interpreter, *$GO,00: flro brlgado benevolent fund, $iJ0,00; .hall omployeos,
$25.00; door hooper and messoiiKerH,
$110.00; Immigration commlttoo, $100;
frntornnl dolomnto to llrltlsh CongrosH,
$500,00; fraternal dolegato to A, P. of
L, convention, $-100,00; nlso the hotel
exponBos of Wm. Thorne nnd A. Mc-
Sorley, fraternal delegates.
A .resolution wns placed boforo this
commltteo, but reported "on"'unfavorably,* hav Jug for Uh purpose the paying
of delegates' transportation out of live
■g-onoral funds In order to equalise the
ex,ponillturo among nil locals. However, this did not pass, A motion waa
moved from tlio body of tho hall and
carried unanimously granting the
chairman of the roBoliitltin commltteo
$50,00 for his work, It Is pleasing to
notu that tho Congress departed u llttlo from their established rules and
grunted tho jnoo.OO toward* tho Vancouver strlkors, 'a
suitably thanked for the very ablo ro-i
port hu gave Uio Conitreaaon Um work
of tbe commission appointed in 1010
(of which ho was a member 1 to Investigate the needs of tho country re technical education. Thoy visited various
countries iu order to get tbe nocossary
educational Advantages and Increased
knowlodfte gained by Bra. Simpson
wWist on this trip are being used exclusively for tbo benefit of the workers,
AP. M. Draper, Congress aecreury, Is
to bo complimented on the very able
report bo itroaenuwi as fntt«rnnl delegate to the British Tradea Congresa
held In Manchester. England. Arising
out of bit report a resolution was cur-
rled In Congress to tbe effect tbat we
jioKO-tlal* with International tktfretor-
fat or Labor Bureau In order that the
Canadian Congress may be represent-
ed In tbat body.
It was also on Draper's recommendation tbat CongpwMi decided tn follow
tbe British Congress by having reso
lutions in hand ten days before meeting, etc., as already reported.
Very suitable presents were given
Brothers McSorley and Thorne, fraternal delegates, aud a few others by
the delegates. It is worthy of mention that Bro. Thorne, in returning
thanks for the gift, mentioned he' had
had no schooling in his life, having
worked in one form or another from
the early age of six.
In dealing witb-vthe various resolutions placed before Congress it is only
fair to our membership to explain that
the scant consideration the overwhelming majority of-the resolutions
received at the hands of the delegates
does not warrant us giving a detailed
account of same, hence we will only
deal with the few Important ones that
really 'received attention. It is certain that a number of resolutions were
voted on with delegates not knowing
their contents.,
Resolution No. 3, Cumberland, re re-,
fnoval of Asiatics from underground.—
Carried.
Resolution No. 4, re withdrawing
militia from Vancouver Island.—Carried with the deletion of the words
"Government lackeys." (Evidently
some people do not care to call these
herders their proper names.)
Resolution No. 5, Cumberland, re
emigration received considerable attention. A class conscious colGred delegate said In part he bad as much use
for Crothers and Ms kind as he had
for a Bengal tiger or any other carnivorous animal. In quoting mythology' it
is said no man can serve two masters,
hence Orothers could not be expected
to serve the workers and the masters.
He very, ably Illustrated another point
stating that when he was a little nigger boy he sometimes asked why it
was they were so poor, downtrodden,
etc., In reply they told him that they
tried to fight for freedom, but they
had been taught to hold the guri the
wrong way,and each time they pulled
the trigger they shot' themselves. He
appealed to the convention, not to take
to be hoodwinked any more but shoot
the right ,way, etc. His remarks,
though brief, were well .put and captivated the Congress,' demonstrating
that the workers in general can appreciate the truth when it is plainly illustrated to them in the way the colored
brother did.     '
Resolution No. 6, Cumberland, was
evidently submitted for a purpose and
is worth quoting in part. "Resolved,
that all officials of the Congress be requested to inform themselves of the
commodity nature of labor, power and
of the labor theory of value and of the
Marxian theory of the .process of surplus value, that said officials may be
able to impart to the Congress member the knowledge which is necessary
to the working class for the achievement of their emancipation." After a
-few technical objections were offered',
the resolution was 'carried by adding
the_ words "and members" after' the
"tliird woriP'officiaTs?' •	
Resolution No. 22, Brandon Trades
Council, placing the Congress on record as being opposed to union men
joining the militia and Approving Lhe
action of certain international-unions
that forbids its membership to be
members of militia. This was carried
against two modifyingNamendments offered by apparent defenders of militarism.
Resolution No. 26, Sydney Trades
Council, dealing with haphazard method of appointing coroners' juries, offering suitable amendments.—Carried.
Your representatives and the Congress secretary bad quite a discussion
on Resolution No. 34, Brantford Trades
Council, wherein they asked for itemized statements of certain accounts,
the secretary opposing same. However the Congress were very divided ln
■their opinion and lt was carried that
■such information would not be given.
Your representatives went on record
as voting against tho resolution.     /
Six strong resolutions wero submitted by Ladysmith local, Including ono
wishing the Congress to endorse the
Socialist, Party as being the only political party for the working class, otc,
Four out of tho six resolutions woro
non-concurred 'In, Tt was vory plainly
pointed out by n delegate boforo voting on tho -resolution ro the Socialist
Parly nlroady referred to that tho
Socialist'Party woro not pandering for
cniloi'isiitlon of any body because they
realized thnt onco the workors 'recognized thoir position In socloty no Biich
endorsement will bo thought of bo-
cause tho workers would all bo in-
Bldo tho party and not endorsing It as
outsiders. «
A resolution dealing, with the necessity of Industrial unionism waB not do-
bated, time bolng limited, nnd n motion wns movod to table, honco killing
tho chance to discuss same. Thin wnn
carried by 110 to 00, PoBslbly many of
the 110 wero voting to t>xpodltt> mat-
tors by getting through the resolution
nny old way, forgetting tlio -principle
Involved, -However, that Is merely our
opinion.
Resolution No. 70 showed whero
eight school books In tho Provlncu of
■Quebec cost $l,nR, whilst samo could
be obtained in Ontario for fine. It was
doolilnd to try nnd got buoIi books at
cost price ponding froo distribution,
Wo submitted a resolution having
for Its purpose thn elimination of hoc
tlotial 'Strikes nnd endofalng the principle of Industrial unionism, but same
w»» not dlscuescd livosmucb as a roso.
lul Ion had nlrendy been tabled 'dealing
with Induntrlftl unionism, and, as
aforementioned, tlmo wan not taken
to discuss resolutions properly.
■Resolution No. 07, wishing Mny 1st
to bo rooognlzod as International l^n-
bor Day,—Lost.
H«M<n1tiHon No. 11(1, rtilllwr on good
grounds for Uio repeal of the Lemieux
At., iiitun.vui.ui-i-i.ml lii l'i' ruiiulullL'U
committee and carried by convention
on nn aye and nay vote without a die-
nontliig voleo. We were certainly aur-
prised tbo vory noxt moment to honr
V. M. Draper moving n motion to re-
-*u.iui;.*'a CuC ui-iti-:.-. TJ.'" r:?'!^ vr.i
carried and on n second voto the Con.
ttnm practically reversed tbe first
vote, deaptte the fact thero was not
one dissenting voice heard previously.
Homething wlmitar occurred at Guelph
last year, the Congress going on record with only throe dissentient votes
In f*vor of the rc|)cat of tlxa act. Yet
strange to say the committee on of-
fl^rs* tv^orte reeommendftd the repeal of the act unless certain amendments could be obtained. Thia recommendation was voted upon favorably,
hence we feel the Congreas didn't
know eaaetly where they were. Here
tt m&r he mentioned that while due
respect should be given to tbe advfee
ot otHeere, >ut It buUuovuii tha rnuk
Wdil.lothlnhmiou.ly for them-
selves.-. We are" of .the opinion that
tbe firsit, vote\iof the delegates at
Guelph and Montreal in favor of the
repealing of the act was the right
stand to take." fjbwever, the delegates
permitted themselves to .be influenced
by a few, men and practically negatived their vote for repealing both at
Guelph and Montreal..
The wording of the resolution referred to imore or less outlines the workers' position and is worth quoting:
"Whereas the Lemieux Act in its present form has been used as a weapon
against organized labor, inasmuch that
it-gives lots of times to organized capital to prepare against any action of
organized labor in which they may
seek to gain fairer working condition's
and decent living wages, and whereas,
even when a board of conciliation is
appointed to.investigate, capital often
ignores the board-altogether even to
the extent of Tefusing' to appoint 'a
man to investigate in their behalf,
therefore be it resolved that this congress use every effort,in its power to
have the Lemieux Act repealed as it
has proven to be wiholly in the interests of oaipital."
In all 120 resolutions were dealt
with, or rather disposed of, because
they were, certainly not properly dealt
with."
Summing up In brief the work drthe
convention, lt can be said there is
much useful work that the Congress
can do, but somehow or other the majority of the delegates do not appear
to attach the, Importance to work of
Congress that it warrants.
Again it might be pointed out that
whilst we are not opposed to pleasure,
still as far as delegates to a Congress
are concerned the old saying, "Business before pleasure" should apply.
The people of Montreal were certainly
to -.be commended for the able way
they catered for the entertainment of
the delegates, yet there is this feature
to be noted—much time was given' to
entertaining tbat might have been
spent in profitable discussion. We are
of the opinion that our locals should
submit resolutions to such Congresses
embodying 'their wants,' etc.; because
whilst Congress -cannot:very seriously
impress -either Inderal hor Provincial
legislation, still by, this .lmeans' each
section of the workers get tb see-what
their fellow workers are In need of,
hence,. sooneT or later the common
ground we vall stand on will be
so clearly defined, that even those
.possessing the most conservative
ideas will be .awakened to the
.consciousness of said - fact. Our
members must keep In mind.the constitutional change which calls for the
sending in of resolutions ten days
prior to the convening of Congress.
We again wish to state that we believe it would be to the best Interests
of the Canadian workers to have the
Congress officials vand fraternal delegates elected by referefldum vote. We
believe our locals should :reoommeEd
this by resolution ito .the/next Congress. Whilst we have no reason to
believe the executive officers „ will
be other than the present incumbents, yet election's by vote of the
. rank and file (whilst they may have
some drawbacks) is the proper method to adopt in any Industrial organization.
We will refrain from further comment at this time, trusting our members villi go through this report, and
when either of the undersigned visit
your locals we will only be too pleased
to answer any questions or go into further details on any .particular questions you desire. We realize there may
be many things our membership would
like to discuss, hence, as already stated, it will toe a pleasure to us to further elucidate anything herein mentioned which does not happen to be
satisfactorily explained. ,
Fully appreciating the honor of representing you at the ■ Congress, and
thanking you for conferring the favor
upon ua, trusting also that our work
will meet • with your approval, with
best wishes, -
We, beg to remain,
'   Fraternally yours,
JNO. E. SMITH.
• '' OAVID' REES. '
FARRINGTON IS
TAKEN TO TASK
The Mining and Engeering Record,
a Coast publication,'in* the course of
an article on the Island,-takes Frank
Farrington and the officials of the U.
M. W. of A. to task and insinuates
dishonest methods and intentions on
their part.
Nor does this estimable authority
fail to take a dig at us, saying:
". . . .• their official organ, the Fernie
Ledger, supports the outbreak." This
is a deliberate .untruth. The-Ledger
does nofc countenance rioting or strife.
The attitude we,have taken with regard to the disturbances- at the Coast
is: The authorities knew only too well
that men were being imported to stir
up strife among' ,the, striking mine-,
"workers and we have telegrams in
our possession received' prior to the
"dlsturbanctTllIat prophesy, trouBlFTF
likely to occur. We anticipated this
rioting, which we know was deliberately precipitated Iby the unscrupulous
methods of the operators and ■ the
apathy, and indiffereifce of those responsible for the preservation" of
peace. '. ,
The bone of contention with this
writer is that Farrington is a foreigner! That he should be deported! Well,
suppose we grant the sapient scribe
that he was a foreigner, can he reconcile this with the fact that Joe Naylor,
Foster and Pettlgrew are not aliens,
and tliey have received the same' consideration as Farrington from the op-
orators? iDoes he not know that here
in the Crow's Nest Pass we had nu
eight months' strike? Foreign agitators did not run the strike, neither
were the strikers aliens; as a matter
of fact tho bulk of-^them wero British
subjects. Did these facts influence the
operators? Not'a bit. But, like the
Island operators, thoy just'hated the
U. M. W. of A. becauso it enabled tho
workors to fight and resist them. This
is just what ls disturbing the equanimity of the Coast operators. The talk
about allons and, deportation ls piffle
and ennt. In fact lt would weary ix
child In tho first printer claBB to at-
lompt to argue with those bucolic
humbugs who howl nnd shout about
Canadian unions and foreign agitators.
Tho following Ib tho squeal of the
Engineering Rocord:
"This Is a day of labor organization
and tho foot must be recognized by
employers. The management of the
rnlnoo bad mndo no objoctlon to tho
local union .formerly' organised; nnd
It Is not llkoiy tbey would have offered
any In tho futuro, What thoy did object to was the demand by Farrington,
a forolgn subjoct, and mado from a
foreign country, Booking to run tliolr
mines; and sotting at doflanco existing agreements between thorn and
thoir omployeos."
Tlio first sentence la an admission
of tho right of labor to bargain col-
loctlvoly, Tho second „ls an apology.
Tho third Is an unadulterated admission that, thoy want a "local union" or
limited bargaining. Now, consider:
What sort of shout would tho operators of the Island put up If thoy were
compelled to employ Island cnpltnl?
What right have thoy to havo shareholders and stockholders In flroat
nrltalii or thn States? Don't nsk us
to explain again; When capital recognizes International iboiindnrles then
also will labor.
.***»*,-,,.. *>, M 4**   fit*, ■*■*■   n.rryy
Record's argument, while the fact that
the operators in the Crow are enjoying a more prosperous period than
ever before is but additional evidence
that the U. M.'W. of A. is reasonable
in its demands vand does ngt do anything more tlian voice the opinion or
its members and aim to secure a betterment of conditions.' " 0 *
The millions spent by this great industrial organization is sufficient answer to the insinuations that they are
after the Canadian brothers' dollar. If
they are, then all we have to say is
that sq far they have been remarkably
unsuccessful.        "                    '
THINKS BOY SCOUTS
FOSTER  MILITARISM
Dr. W. Darby Evans, in, Addressing
Women's Council, Deplores Spirit of
War Instilled Into Youthful Minds
and Condemns the Idea.
i it*-*   *t*t. t    »«*■
nn npropmpflt mid work unrtnr what
has beon described ns "Intolerable conditions" Is sufticlont evidence that
there la no logic to the Engineering
Mhie oi *.mu, um oi 'iutt^.-*/,
iMctti County,.
')
Such movements as,.the Boy Scouts,
-the,--Girl_GuideSi-caJd_ets_aiid_se.hool_miU,
itary, are but endeavors "to instill military sympathies' in . the / youthful
minds ofthe growing generation, Dr.
\V. Evans Darby, secretary of the International Peace Congress, yesterday
afternoon, told the members of the
women's council who met in.'the board
of trade rooms. Dr. Darby's remarks
in the course.of a brief address: were'
enthusiastically received by the women of "Vancouver who, to the number of more than a hundred, had gathered in one of their regular sessions,
uot so much to hear tho distinguished
peace advocate as to he'a'r the mooted
question of "High Cost of Living."
He laid directly at_the doors of
armament manufactures the 'military
movements of today, and harked back
to the "war panics," as he termed..the
unrest of tho nations, for the past ten
years. The, definition of panics, he
said, .was "sudden fright without
cause." Lastly, Dr. Darby said, camo
the dreadnaught panic, which ls still
going on, and Armstrong & Company,
and othor shipbuilding firms, are reaping the benefit.
Somo firms, howover, ho said, not
In tho "ring" have been driven out of
business nnd tho country, has not yet
been ablo to oscapo tho Stead advocacy of "two keels for ono."
1 Lastly, Dr, Darby said; thoro has
been brought about tho airship panic,
worked up by newspapers and firms
which promote tho military Idea,
"Thero lately has como," bo said,
"a movoment to ropo ln boyB and
girls, bhown in the fact that all
schools now have military drill which
is no aid to education."
BoyB1 brigades, boy scouts, girl
guides und other military' organizations ho characterized as merely en-
d(»avors to Instil ln tho youthful mlnil
military ideas. No added, boforo
closing his brlof address, that iio had
spoken on the peaco movoment ln
schools whero bo passed through
stacked muskets to roach the speakers' stand.
Previous to Dr, Dariby'a address,
Dr. Elliott 8 Itowo, commissioner of
tho Progress Club, spoke to the women on the patronage of homo pro-
ducts, Ho was followed by Mr, F. II,
Stowart.-—Vancouver Sun.
the invaders being the objective point
Some of tbe people in the galleries
even dropped benches on their heads.
-The police gained the platform and
for-ten. minutes a desperate battle
.waged, the officers using their clubs
freely and those on the' platform-utilizing chairs as weapons!
.. The police succeeded in dragging
Miss Pankhurst down to the floor of
the house while reinforcements cleared the hall. Outside the struggle was
renewed with greater fury. Men and
women were; thrown down and trampled on. Concentrating the attack on
the policemen who had the militant
leader in their grasp} the women, with
the assistance of several5 men, succeeded In, tearing her from their
grasp and she'slipped away." Some
of the women afterward complained
of having been thrown down, and'
kicked by the police, and many after
the fracas were seen nursing bruises.
Mrs. Lee, who presided at the meeting and took a conspicuous part in the
'attack on the police, was arrested.
■Miss;Pankhurst later announced her
Intention to address <a meeting at the
Poplar town hall tomorrow night.
:1
■Under the present •system the worker is nothing but a dividend producer.
Tbe faster he can be made to work the
more dividends be will create, so the
speeding up system Is applied with all
Its force. When the gray hairs appear
oh bis temples he ls looked on with
suspicion as becoming too old to follow the pace, and at the least sign of
a slow down tie is thrust aside to make
room for a younger, slave.
SYNOPSIS OP OOAIi MINING
REGUU-LTIONS j     .
COAL mfning rights ot the Dominion, in Manitoba. Saskatchewan and ,
Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, the North .
West Territories and in a portion-of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be' leased tor - a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of tl an acre.
Net more than 2,560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant. , '**,..'
Application for a lease must be made
by. the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of/ the district ln
which th-i rights applied for are situated. - tn   ■„ ■_
:In surveyed,territory the land must be .
.1 escribed by sections, or legal sub-dtvi-
ilons  of sections,  and in  unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be.
staked out by' the applicant himself, ■"-
"     r, j    o .      -,
Each apllcatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,  .
but net otherwise. ,   A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the;
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
* The person operating the mine" shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns,
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the roy-*
alty   thereon,  .   If   thn   coal   mining
rights - are not  being  operated,  suoh
returns should be.furnished at least,
once a year.
The lease will Include the beal mislng
rights only, but the lessee tttky, be permitted to purchase .whatever available,
lurface rights may be considered ne-
&dssary for the working of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full Information application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—-Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be paid fnr.   *
Canadian Pacific Railway
"" ' :    -     —    .. - .       _    ■....,   ..- —      ?z
Very low fares in connection with
EXCURSIONS TO THE OLD COUNTRY
Daily Nov. 7th to Dec. 31st inclusive
Fernie
To  Montreal  and  Quebec   -   $76.10
To St. John   -   $84.10
-    Limit five months, stop over and extension privileges.'
Full Information re rail and STEAMSHIP TICKETS from
R. READING Agent    -
or write
Calgary
FERNIE, B. 0,
R. Dawson Dist. Passenger Agt.
Alberta
of
^Stephen^r-Huinble-r
CASH SALE
Hand Painted China, Jubilee Enamelware, Kitchen Utensils
of all sorts," for one week only
BELLEVUE
Alberta
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation In the Pass.—
Up-to-Date — Every Convenience.—
Exccllont Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
J. A. CALLAIM, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
ss.
, Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
I; »entor partner ot th« firm of V.J.
Gjimim A Co,, dolnv tH»»ln«f In Ihe
CI v of Toledo, County tnd Blato »for*.
«»ia. nnd that aald firm will pay the
•nm of ONM iroNDlMBD TJpMAnH* for
aaoh nnrt ovorr caaa of Catarrh th»t
cannot ba curat hy tha uae of IlALl.8
CATAIUlU CUHK,  -
vhAHK J, CHRNKV. ,
, Bworn to bftfure ma and anbaerlbaa
lu iuv iiu'Monci', mu mil dixy of DMftm-
»>«-r. A, !>. mc,
(Peal) A. W. OLHABQN.
Hour* PtiWIc
Haifa Catarrh Cut* i« U**« •&«•«":
nally ana ocu titreotly upon th* blood
ami mucunua aurfacaa of th* ajralam.
Hand (or testimonlali, truo,
tW-CIIUNBT * OO-Tol-Jdo. a
ttititt hv Kit r.Hffffft.K", fie.
rnkn liHii« Family Mila tor eonalW
POLICE ROUTED
BY 8UFFRAQETTE8
1 \
Floreo Struflfllo In London Hall—Platform  Stormed—-Chair*  Veraua
Trunehaoni—Many Injured
iajMmjs*, Oct. a,—Aim u. in»tx>
rtruutflr the jinMfr nrrcflrrt MW flyl-
vla PnnlrtnirBt In tho aunt ond of
London tonight whoro sho war making a ipooob. Hut when they got hor
outaldo tho (building with tho intention of placing Iter ln a Uxicab and
mailing lu1 j' to Hollowi))' jml, Um m\\-
lUnta nttackod the police «o aavagely
that they let her ko and Hho oacapod.
MIm PankhuraL who has an unflniih*
od term of Imprlaonmont to nerve, waa
not rocoftnltod until abo throw nalde
the dluulae which enabled her to
elude tho pollco and enter tho build-
In*. She waa warmly applauded when
*h« atei>i>«*l ou Uw i»WUi>i'ui, but had
been apeaklng but a few mlnutei
when detective*, Mcompanied by a
body ot unlforraod pollco with drawn
truncheons, entered the hall and mad«
a rath for th« platform.
The audience rain to their feet and
chain beran to t\y through the air,
Two Acres in
WEST
FERNIE
$3oo.oo ot*
$150.
%\%
Eacli
ML A.* Kastnct*
Real Estate and Insurance
^^^^^ gk wk ,-^MS
Fertile* - B. C.
«:
<£} A%-
;*,
', ^ '.--,-'.'i.
Ay
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER.. FERNIE,     B. C, OCTOBER 25, 1913.
PAGE THREE   %
X     Established April 1899
Wholesale and Retail,- TOOCLCCOntSt
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILLIARD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
r
V..
Our Coffee is Good-
Great Northern
Train for south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for all eastern and. southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and-Chicago without change..
»     Connection with all lake and Atlantic, steamship lines.
S. THOMSON
PHONE 161.
BOX 305.
"REAL ESTATE'GOING" UP?'
The,.question ls aBked. We
answered: "Look around you
and see.'
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate,Prices Are Advancing. ....I.	
. Are^ you alive to the sltua-
tion?   If you are we can show
you a place you can make a,
big profit on.'
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Ara
Dirt Cheap.
M. A. KASTNER
ALEX BECK BLOCK, FERNIE, B. C.
the WALDORF
Mrs, S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upwards
Amerioan Plan Rates
$2.00 por Day
WHY
wero tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Bocauso they aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn, all tho tlmo at
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manaasr PHONE 41
At tht Grand Thsstrs Nut Friday under auspicts of L.0.0. M.
Power' AitaineB y
WithKnowledge
By August Claessens
The greatest obstacle to a more
speedy attainment of the Socialist
goal is the indifference of the wort
ers • to our movement. This indifference ds largely due tb Ignorance,
and ignorance is our mightiest foe.
Ignorance and contentment are twin
sisters, fbr the more ignorant the
worker, the more contented he ia in
his misery. There, is a common
argument among persons who ought
to know better, and often' uttered In
moments of angry impatience, that
the workers are really not pressed
hard enough, and that they deserve
all that's coming to them, and more,
etc., with the curious conviction that
still greater poverty would stimulate
discontent and dispel ignorance.
An little reason will soon show that
quite the opposite is true. For illustration, take an electric light. Somewhere off at a power house, under a
boiler, coal Is.burned,, which transforms water into steam, which then
is gauged to move vast machinery to
friction, whence is transmitted the
current* that Illuminates the lamp
and gives us its light. Our bodies
work somewhat on the same principle. The food In our stomachs and
the air in our lungs is burned into
energy, and is also gauged so as to
send the life current to every part of
our bodies.
As with the electric light, just as
soon as'we neglect putting coal under
the-iboller, the steam condenses, the
machinery comes to a standstill, and
the light dies out; so also when insufficient food and poor air enter our
bodies; our energy leaves us and* our
eyes, hearing and brain become dim
and out of .order. And yet still different is our body as compared to the
power house; it has but a limited
supply of energy, varying with various persons. Normally, after eight,
ten or twelve hours of toil our daily
-supply is exhausted in' the quest for
material existence. For the , average
worker to make use of their leisure
time for intelligent recreation, we
must have enough energy left, after a
day's toil, to keep alert our eyes and
brains, conducive surroundings to inspire us, and our minds free from the
destructive fear, of economic insecurity.    ,       i     ,  ■' '
Take an average * worker, for example. See him open a book of a serious nature. After laboriously passing the' first few pages, his eyelids
commence;, to blink, * his chin slowly
descends to., his chest and the sounds
of slumber issue from his nostrils.
"Aus gespielt!" says the .German.
Again, .take a young woman, factory,
store or shop-worker, particularly oue
that uses her eyes all. day. long,' and
watch ber reading a novel. After going through about the first Chapter,
she immediately turns to the last of
the book to hastily see its ending. She
■frasrrirenough-patienee-to-read-it-from-
page-to page.. And this impatience, I
believe,"is.largely due to the lack of
energy. Tbe lack of space prevents
me from; going into numerous other
well Known manifestations of this
mental fatigue, and its hindrance to
education. -'
1 To sum up, It Is generally a fact that
Workers are dull; stupid and coarse.
But human beings are not born as
such; its not a hereditary cause, hut
largely an environmental effect. For
example, take a number of children
out of an average working class family, and place them in a well to do
home with all the advantages that surround it, and with little exception they
will grow up bright. Intelligent and
cultured. And on the other hand," a
group of others taken from a well to
do home and placed In an average
working class home, with all its disadvantages, and again, with little exception, they will grow up just' as dull,
stupid and coarse as the average worker's child..
And pitlful'as it seems, like a pig
in his pen,' the worker becomes contented- with his miserable lot, often
drowsily exclaiming, "This always was
and always will be so." But fortunately the more intelligent workers
who read and think (and may their
tribe increase) know that this is not
so.
We are generally discontented in
propbrtion to what we know contentment consists of. When we know the
comparison -between what we have
and what we are entitled to have,
but are defrauded of, it is then that
discontent becomes the mother of
progress and- hastens social justice.
To read, to think, and to know is to
live. AVithbutl this, life is but pig
existence. And to know the where-
from, why.and whereto ,of social evolution is tolhasten the abolition of our
social wrongs..' ■
-Logic "shows the power of knowledge.
For illustration: In numbers the
workers are strong, their greatest
might lies in their vast numbers. In
numbers the exploiters are weak,
their greatest handicap is their lack
of numbers. But while the workers
are strong in numbers, and could
easily sweep their tormentors into
oblivion, yet their greatest weakness
lies in their lack of knowledge. And
while the exploiters are weak in numbers their great strength lies in their
possession, of knowledge. No, not
that they Individually possess it; but
what they haven't themselves they
buy, hire or prostitute. Sb, Comrades, let us -hasten- the day by obtaining shorter hours in every way
possible, for clearly we see that knowledge makes for power, and power
brings with it might, and might
makes right. Thus, when the workers
get knowledge they will obtain power,
and with power they, .will possess
might, and when,they have might they
_TiTi11_»¥»nlrA_+Viir»rr^»_»»lo,llf ^__^^_^^^^^_=_
"tt ill—illtiivO-vi*i.*i£a—lift"l»—>-	
ations, which close largely in winter,
are in full blast in summer. The farmers also have to rush in summer and
the climax of their seasonal occupation comes dn the harvesting of the
grain:      "'  .
They cry for help, and they cry1 in
the busiest season of the year. It is
surprising that at such a time so many
thousand workers can be found jobless who jump at the chance of work
for a short period,bf time. It is a
horrible exposure of the1 expropriated
nature of the wage worker when thousands can be deracinated in the busiest period: of the year and flung thousands of miles for a shoTt-period job.
■Winter is the time when unemployment becomes rife. In British Columbia around Christmas the lumber
camps close. The canning fush is
over. On the prairies farming operations are slack.. In the cities building operations close down. On the
rivers and lakes navigation ceases.
Then the unemployed, throng the
streets. Then the soup kitchens open.
But the smug classes, the labor skinners, the parasites who have fattened
on the labor of the workers when
busy, remember that cartoon of tlie
farmer crying frantically tor help, and
say, "The beggars won't work."'
The beggars will work. They are
anxious to work. We have a letter
from a worker who is lamenting that
he gets 20 cents an hour and - the
time Jhe works run has .been cut to
40 hours per week. He has a wife and
four'children to support and cannot do
it on eight dollars a week.   He wants
the shifts made longer so he can work
more and get more pay.'
It is the lazy capitalist who won't
work. It is the lawyer, the stockbroker, the landlord, the speculator who
won't work. Their labor, what little
they do, is as much use to soolety'as
Is the labor of a tramp who walks a
couple of miles to sneak chickens in
the night The plutocrats and their
henchmen are the beggars who are
the ones who should be made to work.
The workers have been too eager
to work.. They have been willing, not
only to support their own families, but
to heap luxury beyond the dreams of
former kings upon a whole class of
parasites.
•We hav^ unemployment Under Socialism there will be no unemployment, All will have a chance to work,
and all will have a chance to take holidays. When' the working class have
produced enough, the working class
can take Its ease. Now the working
class takes the hard work while the
job lasts, and has to work hard hunting a job when the job is over. The
masters take their ease all the time.
Socialism will make tho present
master class earn their own living by
doing useful labor, and will give useful labor a chance to take its ease.
If you workers want slavery for
yourselves, the master class. Is giving
it you. And while they give you slavery they sneer at you for your simplicity.
If you want freedom, join' with the
awakened members of your class who
are working for it.—Cotton's.
The   Dangers of
Indigestion
Who Has His Quarrel Just?
When the' miners' officials requested the operators of, Colorado to' meet
them in joint conference, before the
strike was called, their invitation met
with no response.
Said the operators;' "Our men are
satisfied; you do not represent them;
<!all your strike if you wish, the men
will not respond."    •
The strike was called and fully 95
per cent of the miners of Colorado ,in-
dicated, by promptly laying down their
tools, that they were far from satisfied1; that the officials .only voiced
their discontent, .their determination
to demand alleviation of the hard conditions under which they were laboring, when they asked the operators
for a conference where these matters
might be discussed.
The United JUne Workers prepared
for the strike, with tents, with food
for the men, women and children
whom they knew would need1 them immediately.
The operators prepared - for the
strike by combing the "tenderloins" of
the cities for hard-case gun-men, thugs
and crooks. ■ ■ ' <
'. The miners prepared for a .peaceable
siege." The operators for a campaign
,ofjterrorisin,_ „___-*_^___
Socialism and
the Municipalities
By Henry L. Slobodin
I attach more importance to the Socialist municipal campaigns than, do
many other Socialists. I do so because
I believe that much more can be
achieved for Socialism with a proletariat enlightened, well-housed, well-
fed and well-clad, than with the proletariat ignorant, degraded and abiding
In economic misery. And it ls through
tho municipality: moro • than through
any other agency that tho living conditions of tho proletariat can and will
bo improved. „ ■
The economic elevation of ths working class means more powor,, But
thero are other reasons equally
weighty, tlmt will mako the municipal-
liy an Important factor In tho social
revolution,
All tho groat revolutions of tho past
centred In and around tho cltloB, I
have not in mind ancient history whon
city and state woro synonymous concepts, Nor tho medieval tlmo whon
tho rlso of the cities lod to tho overthrow of foudiillsni. I rol'oi" to modern history. Tho French rovolutlon
wns n series of municipal upiiHliigH.
Tlio samo mayi ho Bald of tho revolutions of 1818 nml Iho rocont Russian
nnd Chlnoso revolutions, Certnlnly, It
wor a struggle of classes, but territorially and politically, the revolt found
In tho municipality tho moBt fortllo
ground.
I hpo no roiiHon to boliovo that It
will bo dlfforont In tho future, On
tho contrary, the political emancipation of tlio municipality Is approaching fiiHt. -Particularly lnvthls country,
What hotwncn concentration of political powor in tlio Federal government
ou ono Iniiul and tho development of
municipal Holf-govornniont on tho
othor, tho Htnto uh n political ontlty Ih
bound to shrink and Hhrlvol, Ho Hint
nH lt may, thoro can hu no doubt that
tho political floir-dotormlmitlon of tho
municipalities is nt hand,
Economically, tho municipality
Rooms to lend nn oxlfltonco which Is
nlmost parasitic Yot appearances nro
misleading Tho municipality pnyu In
kind, that Is in labor, for all the labor
which it consumes. It does depend
upon tho country for Its raw matorlnl,
Tho country could starvo a city in
iiiioii Him.; U houM tii). he ini, ll iUu
city were In control of tho supply of
tho raw matorlnl,    To nchlovo thia
end, the cities are now reaching out
to control the supply of food stuffs
and other raw material. Theso attempts arc now ln their Infancy aijd
weak. But they are bound to grow
until the municipalities will bo freed
economically ns well. To elaborate on
this phase of the problem would involve us In a theoretical discussion.
To those who still have faith in the
social revolution as a coming event
nud as a present factor in tho uplifting of the working class, lt must be
obvious that the succoss of tho revolution will depond much more on thc
number of tho municipalities controlled by the social revolution and tho degree of tho control than on tho number of revolutionary representatives
in Congress,
Thoro is another reason, not of as
fni'-reacliing but of more immediate
moment, why I vlow tho municipal
campaigns with deep Interest.
Long boforo tlio Socialists will havo
in Congress a representation of anj
controlling effect, thoy will bo In control of liundrodH, aye, thousands of
municipalities, wherein they will,have
an opportunity to demonstrate tliolr
rovolutlonnry reconstructive energies
and abilities. Without anv eliolcn In
tlio mattor on tliolr part, tho Socialists*,
will bo put In n iiohIMoii whom thoy
will be cnmpollud to ropol tho attiiekH
of the capitalist Vitnto on Soclnllflt propaganda pro-municipal, And to curry
on biicIi a propaganda effectively, thn
Socialists \y\\\ lmvo to dovolop a municipal .program Jf which thu prcneiit
Socialist program Is a vory wonk beginning,
If thoro Is anything worthy of nolo
In our proHont municipal program mid
activity, II Ih tho luck or lilomi, Initiative anil audacity, So fnr tliu Hovlnl-
l»t municipal activities lmvo been a
vory weal-: imitation of tlio rofonnV.s.
Aftor wo captured Milwaukee, wo ho*.
out to "Mllwiiukcolzo" thn rest of tlio
country, Wo raised it dust and huo
and cry that blinded nnd deafened no
one but oursolve-s, Aftor wo rocovorod
our sight and*.hearing, wo saw and
hoard that we failed to* "Milwaukee-
Ize" oven Milwaukee, No ono In particular Is to bo blamed for that, Hut
wo must discourage tho luiszah and
diiBt-raisliig campaigns. The work Is
iiiuA.i iiioi-i; iii'lhl uiul hm-d.
Lot iih sot to work with nn earnest
will,—The New Itovlow.
And soon they wished to supplement
their paid ruffians with the State
troops, to be paid by the 'citizens of
the State of Colorado,   ,
The Governor of Colorado sent,into
the strike zone one of his official family, Commissioner of Labor Brake, and
he promptly reported that everyone
was peaceable there except the toughp
brought in by the operators, who were
staging sham battles, and inciting real
battles .by their ruffianly conduct..
, Secretary of State Pearce was the
next man despatched to the strike
field; his report tallied with that of
Commissioner Brake.
Congressman Keating, who represents the affected district in the national legislature, Investigated conditions of his own volition, and in an interview with the Governor also reported the miners were absolutely law-
abiding and peaceable, and that what
trouble had occurred was caused solely by the agents of the operators in
the hopes of inciting reprisals' which
might result in bringing the militia to
the southern field.
And now we hear the Governor has
sent his secretary, Claude W, Fair-
child, and assistant State adjutant-
general, Colonel George M. Lee, to the
strike field, to once more investigate
the advisability of declaring martial
law. , ,,
We are reminded,of the story of a
passenger conductor of the old school,
who was'asked "what disposition he
made of cash fares he collected?"
He answered, "I toss" up one of the
coins, and if it comes down 'heads' 1
keep the money, see?"
"Yes, but what if it comes down
tails?"
* i . -
The miners have ever stood ready to
submit their case to any Impartial investigator. The national government
sent in such a one In the person of
Hon. Ethelbert Stewart of-the Bureau
of Labor.
Tho ■ miners willingly submitted
(their case to him; the operators treated him with insulting disdain.      ' .
We Invito comparisons; who dares
submit his wise? Who can stand tho
light of an investigation?—The United
Aline Workers' Journal.
You almply can't be well—that is,
really well—if your digestion is bad,
for your very food may poison you
unless it is digested. That is why in- .
digestion (imperfect digestion) is tha
root cause of nearly all our minor .
ailments and of many serious ones too.
Food should .nourish. your body, and
make .good the daily waste which never
stops, but at can't do that unless your
stomach digests it No wonder dyspeptic men and women are,always weak
and ailing—they're -starved and often
poisoned too. Starved,, mind you, not
for lack of food, but because they
don't digest the food they eat. Poison*- -*
ed, .not by eating bad food, but because
frith- stomachs a.re weak tuid their
bowels inactive, and so the food they
eat -ferments and gives off poisonous
gases which are carried by Uie blood
stream to every -part of the .body. It ,
Is because Mother Seigel's Curative
Syrup- possesses in a remarkable de- ■
sree tho power to tone, strengthen and'
regulate the action of tho digestive
organs—tho stomaoh, liver and 'bowels
—that lt ls still, after forty years' testing, the best known and most successful remedy for indigestion, constipation,
biliousness and tho many distressing
ailments which are traceable to a weak
or disordered condition of these important, organs. Success breeds Imitators, and there aro many0 so-called
substitutes for Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup, but none of them contain
the com'bination of more than ten
herbal extracts upon which t-he restorative and ouratlve value of Mother
Seigel's Curative Syrup depends. If
you suffer from indigestion, and wish
to give Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup
a trial, be sure you get the genuine,
-M-tlclo.
Price 91.00.    Trial size BOc.
For sale by
Mclean drug and book co.
FERNIE, B. C.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with  the, best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING  KOOM  IN  CONNECTION
W.MILLS,
Prop
MINE WORKERS WILL A3K
OPERATORS TO SIGN SCALE
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Oct. 20.—
Thomas Haggerty, dean of the International Mine Workers of America,
stated to the Citizen InBt night that,
the conference which was held with
the executive committee of the Kanawha Operators' Association and
himself and' President Calrnes representing tho mlnem, ndjournoil with
both sides hnvlng a better under-
fttnndlng as to tho Kanawha scale.
■Tho roproBontatlvos at, the confer-
onco discussed fully tho signed up
agreements with tho various companies on 'Paint Creok and Cabin Creek
and the points under discussion woro
explained moro fully and hotter understood when the nioellnx ndjournoil.
Tho conference, which was to hnvo
neon held Thursday between tho
minora' rupresonlatlvos and tlio oper-
atom of Llttlo Coal River, did not
lako placer Ijociiubo of the falluro of
tho operators to arrive. Thu-minors'
rcproHonlntlvflH worn In tlio -city and
hold a long ennferenen with Doun
Ilng-gorty and President CalrnoH on
the -situation with the result lhat com-
mitt eon with roprosi'iitullvoH of tlio
organlssiillon will wait upon tho conl
rompnnli'K with thn vlow of having
llioin hIkii tlio hciiIo whlfli Is now In
effect In Iho Kriniiwhii flold.
UNITED MINE WORKER8 TO
CONDUCT ACTIVE CAMPAIGN
time again with .being the enemy of
the West Virginia operator, but wo
are anxious to show that it ls not. nnd
wo are In favor of giving West Virginia operators the best of tho agreement ln order to show that wo want
to build up the coal Industry nnd not
cripple it.
"Tho miners havo the right, to organize and tho Unitod Mino Workers
will uso their efforts to seo tliat It Ih
thoroughly dono,"
Mr. Calrnes loft Senator Montgomery, Attorney llelchcr nnd Mr, Brown
In Indianapolis to seo President Whlto
on othor business.
In the Non-Union Coal Field* of Weit
Virginia  to   the   End   Thit   the
State be Throughly Unionized
An Ad. in the Ledger will Pay
Unemployment
The capitalist pnpora dcllglit to picture tho woRtern wheat flold* calling
the lazy city loafer. They plcluro tho
city unemployed clad In rax* nntl
stretching lnully and fullfed en a city
park bench while thc wetiteni farmer
frantically culls for help to Imnest
blft grain.
The smug claim, feeing such car-
tooni, smlto In a satisfied manner,
Tlio laity, unemployed, you know, are
themselves to tilamo, If they would
only lako what work ollored ihelr dll-
tiouttlc* would be over.
Such a cartoon recently np pun rod in
tho Montreal Star, that organ of tlio
plutocracy which doea not hosltnto to
Jnvolgle tho quarter* out of tho pock-
«U of tht! unemployed through playing \tp the "want ad" gamo.
flurli a I'nrtoon In a damnable He
And a cjtjcl outrage upon tbo working
cliisn.
In Canada labor Ia largely seasonal.
In summer tho tun la warm, tbo Ice is
nut of tho rlvor8, the ground Is not
frozen. Outdoor work can bo dono.
H<mc« tWru i* fbVtoiUlt activity, \V«-
tor navigation, which li closed In win-
tor. Is ojwn In summer. Building opor-
OIIAHLNSTOX, W. Vn„ Oct, 'ii,—
Mr. ThomiiH CnlrnnH, president of DlBtrlct No. 17 of the Unltod'Mine Work-
ors of.America, returned Inst night,
from Indlnnnpolla wlioro he linti »>nnn
atilondlng a mooting of tho Rxocutlvo
Pivmwlff-flri nf thn liitonintlnnnl Vtnnrd
of tho organization.
With .Mr. Uiunu'B wnn tfunuior ii.
II. Montgomery, Attorney Ilolchtjr and
John Tlrown, who plnrrd boforo the
board Important matters portnlnlng to
tho organisation of United Mino Work-
,         lit       .    *l-t.. >■■!■■
.... ..    ...     W ^.,,     . .. f,	
Whon seen ln|it night on his return
Mr. Cnlrnoa said: "Tlio.United Mine
Worliors oxpoct to conduct nn netlve
campaign In the non-union fleldn of
Wost Vlrglnln In ordor lo bring In lino
tho entire stato with tho Kanawha and
Sii-A Illver floliln v.h».<li arc ko splendidly organised. Wo do not Intend
to mil Went Virginia ou» af Hit*, ropl
buslnOHS but Instead «»• will try to
placo It nt the bond of the ronl states.
. "Wo expect to org.nilx<! '-very part
of (he fttate to protci-t the conl trade
nnd wo will not work nny hardship!
on tlio operators. All we want Is
(nlr tr«ntm«nt.
"The United Mine Worker* organ-
Uatlon ha» been  charged  time nnd
CANCER AND KING COAL
TRAVEL TOGETHER
An  Eminent British  8urgeon  Makes
Interesting Statement In  London
l.ON'nox, Oct, 22.—The conclusion
reached by ChnrlPH 10, tireune, of Kd-
Inbiirgh, lhat there is n distinct relationship between thc ocoiirrenen of
eniHior and the lilnd of fuel,uHed for
llomeu'li'    pUI'llOHi-S,    W!lr-   iirOf-ptcd    uh
decisive, hy Sir Wllllnm lloniiott, the
eminent surgeon, In hid presidential
nililrcHH tuilny at the meeting of the
Coal Smoke Abatement Society.
Sir William lleiiii.-M mill! Iin-exilun-
tion hod shown that cancer was limited lo thone who lived where con!
wiih tlm Hlnplo fuel,
N'o excopUon was yei discovered to
this rule, lie miiIiI, except In district*!
whore tlio pmit. wan a html black sub>
Htancn which ernohk-d like cont, uiul
was nuke unlike* the »niouh!orlng or,
(Hilary coal. Sir William llonnott, iu
conclusion, Hpolie strongly In fiivnr of
kuk as n miljKiiuiH) for coal.
8VNDICALI8T8 CITE  SIR
EDWARD CAR80N AS EXAMPLE
IN   RESISTING  AUTHORITIES
tyttlfigtOlt.
1.22 RIFLE
Rifles   '
Shotguns
Ammunition
Only High'L Grade
kept in stock Satisfaction, Guaranteed.
J. D. QUAIL
Hnrdw*nro[Furniture
[Fernie,      B, C.
James Larkin Calls on Sympathisers
tc ?sn-r AmmunKUn snd T\$.;*\?.*
Men to Dublin—Will Thorne 9p«*l<«
on Labor and Polities to Toronto
Audience,
LONDON, Oct. 22.—!l«n TlllcU, sec-
rotary   of   the   dockworkers,   wharf,
iitulMiiv* ,utii KilieCii   fttuKelh   uttmii,
of Orent Urltaln, addressing an International syndicalist mooting, said that
bo thanked Sir lid ward Carson, the
Ulster Unionist louder, for kIvIiik tho
working classes a lend. Whon they
hnd cournKo onoiiffh to follow his example,, Tlll.Ht ilfxUr-mi, thii) wens ko
Ing lo fight the Rovernment,
Jaiiicu Lul.lti, u:u: of the. k.uli.i-.. tu
tbo Dublin strike, lekuuiplieii from
that city todny: "I nppenl to nil
comrade* to send ammunition and
bring fighters here. The master* admit they mro on their mnrrowlionoH."
Addressing the Trades nnd I^nbor
C-uuittU nt 'i'oroitio, Dm., rert-mly,
Will Thorne, Labor leader in tho British House cf Commons, snid tho La
bor parly had voted for tho Homo
Itulo hill to Kot it out, of thn. way ho
that more attention could bo Riven to
mutters nfleetlii-„f the working clnssos.
Iln predicted a speedy cnllapsn of
tlm Ulster opposition In thn bill, anil
said the news cabled o\or bort' ro-
KiirdliiK tlio rlctcrnilnntloii of tho people of the imi'thcaM to reslxt Ilonie
Unlit wu*, a mi-it* bluff. M •
If the Klu); i-i'I'iihciI to kIkii the bill
nu iiKltatlou would bn started Immediately I'm- the abolition of tho monarchy, lie miM, Tho majority of those
lircKont appeared lo iiki-oii with (ho
Hpnaker'H sentiments,
.Mr. Thorne hi roundy wk-nI tlio InenI
labor men to I'tii'siikc the prosont political purlieu and to form i\ parly of
tlulr «wii, It -.tiiit*. the only way thoy
could possibly obtain remedial IckIb-
latitin.
Iio advocated unlvorsny froo Irndo
Tind told his hearers that undor t|n»
Canadian protective system limy worn
pnyliiK tbe railways for nil,thn iiocos-
«nrlo« of life.
The mllllntinlros and cmployem of
Cnnaclii woro accumulating wonlih too
rapidly. Tho wiiko earner** produced
tho'wealth and mnde paupers of them
soIvch at the same time. Tlio Idle rich
must be mnde to bear a icrontor sharo
-.*••'       n.i fin , ii i
*9,f*    \n-iK,     V-«*V„  „ .. .,    I-,*,      ..».      \v-*»«     »  i  «     *»»\,     Wii'Sl
severely condemn-nd ,aH  cxpciullturu
on tlio army and navy.
Whon employers occnpl, collective*:
bargaining, they mnko a vlrlno of necessity. Wo do not argue tbat, the
strike ta tlu; only wivy or thc beat. It.
Is npt. We do say the strike wonpou
lia?i hrwi^ht permanent'advantage te
tho work jHt'-iplo, wlio would be tw'm
to glvo It up until they havo forged a
beltuf.—I>«lly Cltlwn.
SftJIohM
";iu furotW  r«medv   for  Cf.ruM  imj Cold*
l,.l'.i— -.-.ti  ct  litl>   sr.'J dnt«   ' i much I' •\,
I*:
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT lEDG^i^JubEJ B.C., OCTOBER 25, 1913.:~     ^V    :
-V 1
®fte 2PM six* $&%&
Published every Saturday mo^»g"9,t its office,
Pellatt Avenue, Fernie, B. C. -Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An extent' advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application, tfii-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds °f boofc job and
color work. Mail, orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to ifa District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNEA#» Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      Post Qfi&e Box No. 380
MUNICIPAL REPRESENTATION
In our correspondence coluujA a letter will be
found in »vhich the writer slights that the working men of this city get togoUA' with a view of
electing representatives upon tl^ next civic council. No attempt is made to criticise, adversely or
otherwise, the present adniinistf'W.ion, but opinion
is expressed that it is lime the drivers of this city
took a more active pjirt in administering affairs of
same;
When wc consider thc numl^r of jfliners and
workers who have qualified for Municipal representation, it is no small wonder to ^s that'they liave
been content to let others direct the city affairs so
long,, taking but a spasmodic iut^est iu game. Whether this is a case of diffidence °r indifference we
are not prepared to state, but r^ogni-ze that there
is no better medium for educatitf1*, or giving a true
sense of responsibility, than bc^g called upon to
bear a share in administering $*. affairs of a city
or town. Not only does it br<?aden the minds of
men. permitting them to becoitfe acquainted with
various methods of admiilisti*at-i°u,' but it also enables the worker „to more thoroughly understand
the complex problems of society V bringing him in
close contact witli same.   .
The individual who has served on a civic council
will, in most cases, be found *o be tolerant and
broad minded in his opinions, aJJ^ inclined to think
twice before committing himself to any expression.
All this is helpful to the .workers and the labor
movement.
To carry out a project of t^s nature requires
three..very important conditions the first of which
is absolute unanimity and the obliteration of all
personal prejudice (the other ^de always hope to
save their skin by our difference); the second calls
for a sane and rational platfori*1 in which the welfare of the majority will be stu^d, while the third
helpful to your cause or this paper. We niust know
your wants so that they may be provided for.
; If the critic will stop and consider for a few minutes, he should more readily understand the position of this paper. Its policy can not be the expression of any individual opinion, although it may be
used to express the opinion~of an individual. This
may seem an anomaly, but' it is not. One understands that there is a proportion of the workers who
have advanced further in the study of economic and
labor conditions than others, and the expressions of
these men unist carry more weight than tliose who
have but a superficial knowledge of the working
class movement, and it is the writings of such students that should find expression in this paper.
This is a journal published essentially for the
benefit of the worker to educate and enlighten him,
but at the same time to be sufficiently interesting
and newsy to find a place in every home. The
housewife is as much entitled to enjoy her column
of social or town gossip, as is her lord and master
to digest articles dealing with the complex problem
that beset society today.
Admitted, then, tliat this is your mouthpiece to
express opinions, air grievances and place on record any injustice or unfairness to •"'Inch ynu may
bo subjected from time to time, we want you to see
tliat the Ledger faithfully expresses your views,
and to assist by your contributions and communications.
Of courso some of these matters may require
careful handling,' although why it is necessary that
the burden of caution should rest more heavily upon us than upon the other side we sometimes fail to
see.       . .
It has been found necessary within the last few
months to cut out of this paper a considerable portion of advertising'that was not considered of a
remunerative character and also much of the real
estate advertising.' On the other hand Ave are carrying from nine to ten columns of camp news, and
this week have reduced the size of our type considerably. Thus our readers are getting practically
the same auiount of reading matter in an eight
page paper that they were previously receiving in
ten pages of the larger sized type. This, of course,
means considerable additional expense, but if the
workers will support their own journal there is not
the slightest, doubt that this additional outlay can
be met.
We have recently circularized every local secretary asking that union notes or comments of union
business that' is not of a private nature be forwarded from week to week, and by so doing we feel sure
the object of this journal and the interest of labor
are being more thoroughly served. We trust, therefore, that the eamp news and local union notes will-
be. increased  considerably within  the  next' few
etition
We apologize, for keeping our readers guessing .about the
above, but have decided to disclose same, the scheme of
which is as follows: .
Three or four handsome prizes will be put up in each camp.
Remember, these will not'be shoddy,, but something, of real,
worth.   The description of prizes we hope to announce next
week.   '■ '',*.<•'''.','
- What you have to do: First of all, save all,headings.-Each
heading contains a number. To the person who sends us in
headings the total of which exceeds any other competitor, we
give first prize in each camp. To the person who sends in the
second highest aggregate we will give a second prize, while we
will deposit a sealed lucky number with the manager of local
. bank to be opened when we declare competition closed.
There will be hundreds of dollars distributed to the readers
of the Ledger. This is no fake or attempt to catch our readers.
We want to popularize the Ledger and give our readers a handsome Christmas present.
A special $30.00 prize will be given to the reader who secures
the greatest number of subscribers for the Ledger from now
unti' the close of this competition.
Various committees made' -their' re-
I»rts, all being accepted with one exception, .that of the' auditors, who
failed to bring in an itemized account.
This.concluded a lengthy and profitable' meeting.    .     ,-■?.. -. ■'-'-'; "*■
(We'have-called Presldleiit J. 'E.*
Smith's attention to the above and -he
informs us that it is his intention to
visit Bellevue--shortly-and tell, the
members of that local not only, how
this decision'wa& arrived ait, but-how
all other decisions are reached.by thie
various boards of arbitration.—Bd.)
POCAHONTAS NOTES
ate the1 constitution of the conciliation.*"1-;:;
board which was established under "■.-
the settlement of;i1911, .The transport;;'
unions are-ready to strike whenever -•
theitime t$ conildered,most favorable
florJauccessV*.,•     ..."-.'>. v   ' •
'The proposed combination .of work-*.
ersV unions would-, comprise!' in this
way 1,600,000 men and. control $12,500/
000 in .funds'.   "United in -this way the     '
men.believe they could help up the
trade, of the country. .• ,      .;   , ■   ■
News of the District Camps
,   (Continued from Page 5)
Coleman-
from  page  5.)
"demands a determined"effort,-oS_£he_part H£ "ainto~
um: every possible legitimate m*3ahs to get the chosen candidates of the workers elated.
You are too well acquainte^-with the methods
usually adopted to defeat,-any forking class "movement to expect that such a project will be received
with enthusiasm by the opposition and no intelligent worker who has resided to tliis city will attempt to underestimate the det^mination and 'machinations of those who oppostf lis. There will be
the usual arguments, stale, it \r> true, but often effective, that the worker does °ot possess the administrative capabilities, while attempts will be
mado to impugn the honesty o% his motives. For
this you will have to bo prepaid and tbo first consideration is—GET ON THE jtfST.
You have your own hall, yoi11' own paper, your
own machine, loarn to use those ^or the smaller objects and you will moro readily understand and appreciate their value when you require to advance
to provincial or federal admini-^ration, The civie
council should bo but a stepping stone to further
efforts to advance your cause politically.
TO OUR EEAdERS
This paper belongs to tho w-^kers; its object is
to protect their interest, to excess their opinions
and to champion their cause, tt is tlio principal
meanfi wherdby yon may give ^o the public your
sido of tho question and fight your battles with
those who so bitterly oppoRo cv°ry aim and ambition of the worker.
Criticisms and flnggostionR that \viH help tho
workers' condition or improve this puper arc always" welcome, yl£ you havo miy complaint or crit-
ini-sm and fail to -acquaint us ^ith siune, it is not
;weeKsr
THE COLORADO STRIKE
Possibly the most rovolting and bloodthirsty
crime that has been committed against organized
labor since the coal barons of West Virginia introduced their armored train is the use: of machine
guns mounted on the rear of autos by the Colorado
sheriffs. We give the following' extract from a
daily of thc dastardly outrage: "The fiendish joy
of using a machine gun on human targets is responsible for the death of Luke Vahernik, a striking
coal miner, and the serious-wounding of Milka Van-
lori, another striker. . . . Nine bullets from the machine gun, operated by the 'guards,' passed through
Vanlori's 'body. . . . The rapid fire machine gun
blazed away at the cnmp with deadly effect ahd the
scream of the women and children had no effect in
stopping tho brutal instincts of the gun men."
Thero are those who will foolishly toll us that
this cannot happen under tho British flag in Canada. But we know that what has happened both on
tho other side of the international line and in South
Africa is likely to happen any day even in our own
town if the workers succeed in putting up nny effective fight against tho loathsome thugs that capital is permitted to employ whon protecting (?) thc
"right to work." The awakening may appear to
bn a vory slow process but its consummation is ns
sure nR tho rising of thc sun. Tho workers in every
lnnd, in evory country, provinco or stato, are realizing that tliey liavo absolutely nothing in common
with thoRO who exploit thorn and can novor oxpont
to rocoivc anything when thoy cry for broad but
tho clubs of tho .police or tho bullet of tho hired
scab-hordcr or thug.
(Continued-
i
slonary from Central India, preached
at the morning service in the Institutional Church on Sunday.
Mrs. Grenler, wife of G. Grenier, of
W. L. Ouimette's store, arrived in
Coleman on Thursday morning. ' •
' .Wm, W. Boughead, of town, and
Miss 'M. McGulre, who arrived frpm
Scotland, were the principals In an interesting, marriage ceremony at the
Institutional Church on Friday evening.' Rev. T. M. Murray tied the nuptial knot before a large audience,
which assembled some time before the
event took place. A reception for the
bride'and groom was afterwards held
at the Opera House, where they received the congratulations and good
wishes of a host of friends.
Principal 'Mitchell of the public
school, who resigned his position
some two weeks ago, will complete his
engagement with the School Board at'
the end of October. It is understood
that the vacancy will be filled by Mr.
Black, of Vermillion,, who was one of
the' large number applying for thei
position. Mr. Black's qualifications are
of the first order with respect to both
training and experience.
While out hunting last week in the
region north of Crow's Nest Mountain;
Albert ,Yagos, Louis and Joe Sartoria
shot a large grizzly, bear as" well as
getting other trophies. They are making arrangements to have their prize
mounted; "
camp visiting her brother whoi has
been here for some time.
Saturday was a day of great excitement at Jas. .Naylor's store, when all
the people who had keys came to try
them. Mr, Matt Yarva was the lucky
man to win the sewing machine.    -
The' new hospital is progressing
very favorably. It will be finished
about''November lst.
'Jas. 'H. Naylor has received a,large
shipment of new overcoats,
The Rev. W. Irwin and wife entertained a large number of people at
their home on Monday evening.
v Mr. Johnson wishes to announce
that .'he will commence his daily
change of pictures on Thursday, October 23rd, instead of the 27th as announced.
The .mine only ,worked three days
last week. . Two or three days a week
seems to be the best we can get just
now.     - . -,   '        ,
The new pool roam erected, by
•Frank Villerieuve is rapidly- nearing
completion. This will be a big improvement on the ten formerly used.
, - Every day sees an exodus" of miners
quitting the camp owing to the dull
condition of work.
The dancing classes conducted, by
Prof, Morrison have proven a decided
success, and the manner in which ,the
elusive intricacies of the various dances are dealt' with testifies without a
doubt to 'the ability of Mr. Morrison aa
an instructor of the art. About twenty-seven pupils are at present enrolled
and remarkable progress bas been
made considering the short time since
the classes started. We wish the Professor success, and would suggest that
the club building committee take immediate steps to accommodate the influx of dancers which is sure to ensue
after the termination of the classes.
The arrivals in camp last week consisted of 'Mrs. Robert Evens, who had
been visiting friends In ,the old country; Mrs:W. James, also visiting in
the old country; and»,M*rs. Steve, accompanied by"'Mrs.' Keefe aihd her
three children, direct from Scotland.
(Mrs. Steve and Mrs. Keefe were met
in Edmonton by Mr. Steve and Mr. W;
Oarruthers, who escorted them from
thence to the end of their destination.
Mrs. Keefe is at present residing with
Jlr. and Jlrs. W. Carruthers.
Jlr. Dan BInnion left for his home
in England some days ago.
Mr. Robt. Maxwell was a .visitor
from' across the1 river ,on Saturday
night and Sunday. Bob report's having
spent a .pleasant evening with his
many friends here.
TAXIDERMY
For first-class Taxidermy-work,
mounting anything from a snake
to an elephant, call or write
C» RJSE«C]£
P. O. Box 9 West Fernl©
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
WANTED—Engineer with B. C. first,
class, papers; "must be thoroughly
competent, reliable and sober; good
wages.  Apply, giving references, to
Box 1175 Fernie, B. C. 72
MINERS LOOK—Every man who has
a wife should also have a home on
a fruit farm ln'Creston, You can
buy as good land as .there Is.in B.
C. from R. Lamont, Creston, iB. C.
Only small payments required. < 82
-TOR SALE—Furniture and house furnishings, J. I. Macdonald, corner
Macpherson and Rogers St. 95
FOR   SALE   Ok   RENT—4   roomed
house,  good  well; wood and  coal
stad.    Apply Box 62 or J. L-alth-.
waite, Wiest F-ernie. 96
■FOR SALE—Jlarch and April hatch-ed
Pulltefcs, White Wyandottes, White
and Barred'Rocks, White and Buff
Orpingtons, Alesbury Ducks and
Toulouse Geese.   A Davies.        98
GIGANTIC MERGER OF LABOR .
UNIONS BEING PLANNED
-#-S
COMMUNICATIONS
A WORKING MAN'S TICKET
To Iho Editor,
iDUtrlot Loilgnr.
-Sir,*—Tho write* would llko to «0<»
«omo action tnkon by tho workera °t
this city In nrmmtliiK moetliKTH or col"-
inn to nn nmlnratandlng In »">ino wW
lo hnvo n full worlmiRii'H tlckot f°*
tlio reaped! v» jWHltlons of mayor oM
nldormon for our city. Thoro ta »">
gainsaying tho fact that there la 8''r"
flcloiit «ood« nmtorlftl  amongst t»<*>
*\uiH.t*ln mi  iitt) feu-tucUtM  At  -sucIj   ^
IM'M. '  '     "
■Whilst l havo no intention mt tP\»
tlmo to complain, or offer any crn-
ci»m regarding tho work of tho n^f*
out mayor nnd council, wtlll I clivlw «
hchoovcH tho workws of this «lty *<*>
Yt. tm tt-ml rtnlmr If 1h*v Intend nintv(fl»r
tv ticket In tho noxt municipal oleotl^
It will bo woll enough romombef^J
that when the workers hod a KO»p
chanoo of electing; tx worklngmo*>»
tloktH, »omo of Fflrnks Boloct wxtll^
thia and aom« Individual found tx v£V
«f obJocUnR to a oonaldorablo num^r
of tho-™ who had vot/vt tn mvntnl 1F*\*
nkipal olootlon*, ■/   ,
■UoweVwr, I mw-My wlrti tM« t© w>
out ana fwlftr and if thorn its tufflcPH
Intewwt exhibited probably wo «atj got
, a lottor or two In Iho JjwIkot dlactf8^
ln« tho advlMbllliy of audi proooed*"^
»nd offering vatuablo *ugg«»Uona. n
Tru»tlng lo mo somoono taking ^p
tho work snd UianWng you l» Uni™-
patton of dvlnc thin nvntn*.
Vour* truly,     „.
iutbpayM.
yornto, B. C, Oct. 2,1rd. 1013.
ROAD TAX COLLECTED
—ROADS NEGLECTED
To tun Kdltor,
DlBtrlct Lodger.
Honr Sir.—I would llko to naif tho
\)m\)\a of Fornlo nbout. this roftd tax
of -12.00 thnt wo nro fthout to pay. T
mysolf lmvo no objection to paylnR It;
but can nnyono of your rondor* flhow
mo whoro wo aro «eW»K uny benefit
from It? Tako o\ir main atroot, Victoria Avomio, which I think la a dla-
nratso to our city. You can walk down
tho ^Idownlk on tho two-Inch pknka
•and thoy aro up mul down all tlm way.
When you croaa from tlio Fornlo Hotel
io *Ay }T!V"^T.e't T^v: 1tti"f tt* <»n w t"'n
■atftTMt'to Rot on <thn aldownlit nnd In
front ot tho Fornio Hotel on Saturday
nlfiUt thero was a uolo about three In-
oh©9 witlo and about two feivt long!
TIiIb la tho aldownik for which we Day
12.00, ami tho roada aro dlafrraooful,
Thwo t» about ton Inches of mud all
ov«r, Coulrt any o,l juai uiao«r» ml
ma Know what tho «lty la Kolnu to do
with tbo money thoy are about to B»»t
for tbo road -tax* Are tbo city roada
and jjldowalka going to bo looked nfter
with money or la |t going to bo n UtUo
ipniftr ■"',■"     •   .
J «*maln, yonra, etc,
A JlftADHtt.
Pernio, B. C, Oct. 19th, ISM3.
To llie Editor,
platrlet Ledwr.
hem Sir aivd D»x>.,—In reply to youm
of tb« HM» "to"*- ll* w>t«* by the Glad*
©tone Lo«U llw'ordlng Secretary with
r-eferejKW io l/Kml t««*«>tSnga and do-
Inir*,
1 flulto awe* *!th yon that tho beat
ua« la noi mado of the «pa«» given to
oAinp now*, and -that tho column* giv*.
oni for 'thnit punpoao contain' vory llttlo
roforonco to wluit la 'happening In tho
Ivocnla. TJila la duo to a groat extent
ito tlio apathy of mmnbora nml to Iho
fact itlint tho 'tronunctlon of Ijocml bua-
Iiicmi, ua a,.TUlp. ia loft to tho offlclttla
nnd a fow lcyn.1 monibdiw wlio atlwul
all"Tvooal mooting* Tlw majority of
■mombor*^111 not attend Locals In suf-
flnlont '.numbers'to transact business
In a propor manner, and content thorn-
aolvoa with crltiolalng whn/t haa boon
dono elthor In tho wnah liou&oa or at
ptroot corn-era, No doubt a roanmd of
whint la tailing placo In tiho Loonls under a Special heading, If carefully ban-
rllrfl',' '"'l>\*M  ^*  1**11*   \wt-n\t*tl\'ri   nnd
iroc-ful aa woll aa ontortalnlng.
Whilo camp new* and aoolal oventB
are no doubt Irvtorostlng roadlnn, and
moat i»w>plo like to lrnow wbajt 1a hajw
pomlng In *tlw» «amip thoy live In nnd
tiho place they u*od to 1!vo in, yet I
f«!iT too much anaee In aomntlmea oo-
■cuplod wtth Mill! lUmi \b jietoiiMT wwi»
nor goaalp, but »lmplv iwartd'e com-
piled tor tho purpoae of filling up
apaco that could bo put to a bettor uao.
Yours fraternally,
JOHN LOUOHRAN.
Doavor Mine* Oct, 23rd, ID]3.
WORLD'S RECORD BROKEN
NBW YORK, Oct. 30.—A world'a re-
cord for, throwing tho 12-pound hanv
mor from a •ovon-foot elrclo wa* made
today at Celtic Park, h, I., by Patrick
Ryan of the Irlab-Aaierlcan AlblMIe
club. Ryan'* nark waa 235 foot 0
inohe*. Tho old record waa 201 (oca
t% faehea, made by John Flanagan
threo years ago,
Mrs. Samuel Shone, who" has 'been
In camp for some'considerable time,
left here Thursday for, her. home' dn
Lancashire, England. She was accompanied by her son Richard and daughter. '
'Mr. Oharles Burrows, Jr., went to
Burmis on Saturday to spend Thanksgiving. He will be Returning on Tuesday. '
'Blllle Wa!lters,'"yhb has been ln
camip for some tlmo with Blllle Colo,
at the pool room, left on Friday last
for St. Louis, whero he spent some
tlmo previous to coming, 'here, tils
many friends were sorry to see him
leave, as Blllle was one of tho most
popular young men of this camp.
Mr. Luther 'Goodwin left camp Saturday to visit some friends at Fernie.
Ho will bo returning on .Monday nighty
'Mr. Joseph Radford, who left (here
somo time ago for his homestead In
tho Red Deer dlBtnct, returned to
camp this week and 'has started to
work at. No, 1 mine.
■Mr. Noble McDonald, who loft horo
some itlmo ago for hia homo in Nova
Scotia, returned to camp on Friday.
Tho Bollovuo \football tonm journoy-
ed to Blalrmoro on Wednesday to play
Coloman In the aeml-flnal ln tho Crahan Cup and camo homo a badly defeated toam, the Bcoro being Coleman
4, Bollovuo 0, It's too bad, but you
may do hotter If you livo until noxt
yoar.
MIbb LIzzlo Crawford, of Cranbrook,
Is In onmp visiting Ivor parent*, Mr.
and Mtb. John Crawford, Sho Intends
returning homo on Wednesday.
Mr. Goo, Mlchell, from Seaham Harbor, County Durham, England, arrived
In cnmp thia weok and la ataylng with
his brothor-ln-lnw, Mr. Robort lllddle.
Iio hnB atartod to work at No. 2 mino.
Tho gamo of football on Monday In
aid of 'Mra. Harry FJahor, botwotm
IllllcroBt and Bellevuo, was a fairly
good ono, the teams bolng ovonly
matched. Tho first half ondod 3-1 In
favor of HIHoroBt, In tho socond hnlf
nollovuo acorod throo and tho gamo
ondod 4-3 In favor of Bollovuo.
Quito a crowd of tho young mon of
Boliovuo wont to Hllloroat to holp
with tho concert in aid of tho abating
rink. Tho Bollovuo Sketch alao wont
along to holp, Thoy nil roport having
n ftood tlmo, ,   _,
Mrs. JaB. Callnn wna visiting In Pin-*
chor Crook on Thanksgiving Day.
Mra, Olihnrt and Mra. James Coua-
una woro visiting in Fernlo Uila week.
The Hocliil nml danco ln tho Work-
oi'B' Hnll on Monday'night, wna fairly
well attended, Tho music for tho
flr,Vrr. ...n.. fic^itnVftil Ity tin* Cmwfcml
Oreheatra, rncontly of^Uoavor Crook
but now ct lieltavuo. ,
Mr. Palmer, of Frank, la in camp
thia wMk with.bis traction onglno
moving tx boiler from No. 1 mine up
ito tho now wnah houao at No, 2.
Mr*. Goo. and (Mlss Mary Ncdwlck,
w.'no tmve wrtiu *u c**iuv» i-U^Iti*, C.«i
Rov. W. Irwin and wlfo, loft Tuo*day
for Regina, whoro they will *pond a
couple of wocka boforo returning to
their homo In Toronto.       .
Mr. and MwuOeo, Copeland spent
Thankaglvlng Day in Ilollovuo, tho
MttniM of Mr. John Hutton.
Some ot the boys around bore arc
Inquiring whore tno man who plays
tbo plnno at thc picture «how lmrnt*t,
tbo boxing rtunt.
Tho Bellovue Hand aro practising
bard of . to. There Is practlco Son-
daV and. Wednesday tilgbt '« *"•
Church. Tho band are getting ready
for a aerie* of 8undajr nlgbt eontffcrU.
Quite a row ot tbo boy* went to Ml-
ehel on Monday to tak* In the Jl«*l
of tbe Crahan Cup.
Mlas Tonnatrt, of Lethbridge, is in
♦ Bellevue Local Union Notes     ♦
♦ ♦-
.♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The appeal of the editor'for Local
Union notes was hearkened to and Mr.
J."Brooks appointed as Local Union
correspondent. °
The first matter of interest was the
appeal from International anent a 50
cent assessment Indefinitely, or rather until some of the wars which are
now' being waged for a little more
freedom aTe brought to a successful
.issue. The appeal from International
brought forth many comments of ,ways
-and-means-for-deallng-wlth-these-ap-
peals, but of this more later. The to
cal was, however,'unanimous dn endorsing the executive's appeal.
An appeal from the A.F. of L. calling for financial aid for the Michigan
miners was also acceded to.
• Coming to our own (troubles we had
a further, indication'of what to expect
as wage workers when the board of
arbitration gets through with any dispute. The following Is the chairman's
finding: . ' ,
"Matters In dispute re. price to cover
three piece sets, ln breasts up the
pitch, No. 1 mino, Bellevue:
"In arriving at a decision ln this
mattor,I have carefully considered the
written' abatements ot the case aa presented by Mr. W. F. McNeil on behalf
of tho coal company and Mr. J. E.
Smith on behalf of the miners. In taking up this case the mode of procedure la clearly laid down in tliat 'part
of the existing agreement under caption of 'New Work,' viz.:
" 'In making the prices for new
work the commlttoo shall bo governed
by existing prices In tho same mine or
other mines In tho' neighborhood.'
"Upon making investigation of prlcos paid for similar work In 'breast up
tho pitch' in tho surrounding mines, I
find ithat the following clause applies
to practically all cases for this class
of work:-.'Rooms—timbers, maximum
to bo 10 inches in diameter at butt and
10 feet in length, $1.00 per Bet. If ro-
quirod to set tlmboTB of larger dimensions to bo paid for In .proportion, or
aot l>y tho company.''
"It haa .been contended that a prlco
ahould be sot for this timbering, based
upon tho length of tlmo taken to por-
form this work, also tho pitch of the
solum* to bo taken Into consideration,
but na this commlttoo must bo governed by oxlatlng prices In the aame
mine, or other mlnea In tho neighbor-'
hood, and as au attempt to mako a
sliding scale of prkoa according to
tho varloua Inollnatlona of itho coal
aeama now being operated would tend
to disrupt tho ontlro existing agroo-
mont, I would decide that tho follow-
Ing clnuao bo appllod aa covering thia
Miners, Railwaymen .and , Transport
Wonkers of British Isles May Unite
—If Strike Result Would Be Disastrous Tie-up—Believed Strike of Million and Half Men in 1915 Will Be
■' Outcome of Organization.
LONDON, Oct. 20.—It is reported today that the miners' federation will
shortly issue Invitations to the trans*-
port workers and railwaymen's unions
asking ithem to confer, with miners'
representatives with the object of inaugurating the world's greatest c'om-
.binationjo£*.!abor—organizations.,—All*
the unions are said to toe in agreement
with the principle of the proposal, and
only the details remain to be worked
out. The object of the'combination
will bo the coordination' of all movements for improved conditions, so that
if necessary they may all strike together. '■>..-
, It is well known that 'the colliery
owners and miners are preparing,for
the big fight that seems bound to
come," probably In 1915, when the present arrangment existing between
them Is timed to come to' an end.
The railway men aro about to give
tho -required year's notice to termin-
If You Are Not
Saving
Piano Votes
«elp
one of your
friends
who ,
•' . ./>;■■■' ....
Ask for Piano Votes
FOR EVERY CENT
of Your Purchase
We Want You
To Have Them
N. % Suddaby
4iRexall Store"
FERNIE     ■..-"      B.C
The Working Mens Club
Now Open Under New Management
Four First Class
Pool & Billiard
=== Tables =
REFRESHMENT   BUFFET  ATTACHED
Entries for Billiard and Domino Tournament!) clbao on 22nd.   Bn-
tranco 26c,   No fee charged to uao Club, which Ib opon to all.
B. Rawson
Manager
case: 'In broaata up to tho pitch,
whoro roof conditiona roqulro tho timbering to bo throo piece seta with lagging, maximum ateo of tlmbor 10 inches at butt and 10 foot In length, this
(Umbering to bo paid for at $1.00 per
sot. If required to aot timbers of larger dlmenalona, to 'bo paid for In proportion or »«t by tbo company.
"Roapoctfully submitted.
"J. O. ITA.NNAH.
"I concur,
"W. T, MoMRHJi,
"Commtaalonor Western Coal
Operatora' Association."
Tho outcome of tlm abovo wna to
the offoct that Prcii. Smith will net a
pnllout, 'and. conrlamis hearing If ho
will ca.ll and let ua know how tho
nliovn rio..M<Hnti wn* -nrrlvod at, na the
company havo paid 1X43 par set .pond-
hi* tito LUiiitut, ut d>(; h-Jti.\l.
Tho noxt Item of lmportnnco ralaed
wna tho quoatlon of our prosont unjust method of paying duoB, It bogan
with tho outside mon, who work for a
wago of $2.47, but lt did notatay thoro
loctlng contract miners' statements
(as 4s our practice) that thero is a big
difference in wage* earned. Various
Information, which 1s not generally
known, more being tho pity, camo out,
one ot which wai to tho offoct that
each Local Union bad powor to mako
lt» own amount of due.a, Rut recognising tho difficulty ot oach Local hav-
Ing n dlffwnt wMhod of making H«
own amount of duo*, the natter waa
ontorod tabled and our delegate or del-
crate* to nest Dlttrict and International convention will glto wnt to tho
opinions ot Relle»ue Local Tbo mat-
tor wHI Im -dtscusiMd next Ronday. Oo*
tobor 36th, when a special meeting
wkU b* U%W. All members 4>l<>as4» not*
and try to got to tbo Workmen's Hall
at 2.30 p.m.
■V
HIGH CLASS
Ladies' and Gent's
=TAILORS=
Costumes & Suits
made  to measure
t y '
Fit guaranteed . .
Steam & French
Cleaning .   .   -   .
DeBurle & Birkbeck
Next Calgary Meat Market
P. O. Box 544     -      Fernie, B. C.
if
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fV*»*l
\..;',:«->„■*: THE DISTRICT LEDGER;) FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 25, 1913.
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'■.•♦♦♦♦♦ <*.♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦*.♦ ♦.
'♦'•'- .   ■>'■";':. ;.     ♦
.■♦.■■     COAL CREEK NOTES     ' -.♦
'   ♦.-.-   -   ;•-.'•'■ "•♦
V. 7*♦ ^♦.♦'♦*J♦ «►♦♦♦."•:
1   , Saturday- last -was pay.day up here
:-and. 'trad© ■i-n'-I-iernie must'have been
Txrjsk to consequence; as evidenced by
tfhe crowded state of the train. ( The
jrtcture shows received a fair'-percent-
,,..'. age of patronage,;; ■      •  "    ,       ' i ,
.   A-largenumbor of CroeWtes'took.in
."Tlie    Bachelor's    Honeymoon" ■„ on
•.Thursday laat," the late train being
'   well appreciated. *  V
Many and varied were the reasons
.  offered (lm tho minds of gome) for ithe
postponement of tho Crahan Cup final
from Saturday to Monday. We wonder
.why? , >•
The vicinity of Coal  Creek depot
suggested an excursion morning" on
. "Thanksgiving Day, tho attraction' be-
ing our sturdy boys in."red," who were
travelling iio Mlchol to fight for the
Crahom Cup.  A large concourse of -fol-
. lowers accompanied /them., Prom ac-
- counts we leairn that the boys put up
' s. sturdy fight, .but had to retire beaten
but mot dlsgiraoed. \ "Howihath the
,' - mighty fallen!" '
' A -large number of local. "Moose"
'  and ithelr wives and lady friends'took
in the "Moose'' -stoclal on Monday evening.   Pity is, too late a start.   "Punc-
■' tuality is a virtue,", the Creekites hav-
- ing to talse the dancmg.
The Damdng  Class  held a social
,   .dance In the Club Hall on. Monday,
. toeing well attended,- the members of
,   the gentler sex 'being in prominence.
. INow you "male" dancers,, there aire
'■' lota of partners waiting for you. Watch
/the hill board'for next dance.
The -txmsorjal artist- at the Club is
fully "established in his quarters and,
judging hy the amount of. ".patients"
seen emerging from Ms room, he .bids
■   fair to -fulfil a long felt want.   We
,   wish you luck, old .fellow.
. A'meeting ,wa» held on Tuesday
evening,dm the Club Hall to .discuss
the advisability of forming a olass for
mining students under the tuition of
William IMazey. We hope in.the next
issue ito give ah outline of what form
the class will take.
George Crabbe was the 'holder of the
lucKy ticket for the .Winchester, rifle
■drawn for up here on Monday. We an-1
tlcipate some big game now, George.
Wanted —All local "Moose" and
•:,' others te know that tickets are now
on sale fOr the grand show run under
tho auspices of Pernio Lodge, L. O. O.
- TVI.,,to take .place on* Oct. 30th' In-the
' Grand 'iheatre. - Don't forget the date.
*. Tickets $1.00. 75c and 60c.
.  , "Jack Arnoia was,In" camp'visiting
old' acquaintance's . during the , week
end.   Let it be known to all.
.   - - The Methodist Church was filled to
—bv*eu"©wing-~OTr"'Sunday—■lastr'thanks^"
- giving services being held. TheChttrch
'was 'beautifully.decorated by itbeptfo-
ducts of mother earth. ' The service
took the (form'of-a service of song, en-
,, titled "A Callfornian Nugget," ably
_ . read'by Rev. Jos. Philp, whose delivery of some prompted appreciative re-
moirke Jrom his ^hearers."  The choir
•^greatly added to" the interest by the
impressive ^staging, the various soloe
'   and duets  being taken  by   Misses
- .Finch, flu-gall, Hall and Newberry, and
Messrs. Haddison-, Luxmore and -Davison. • The services 'were, 'reported as
, . tho best attended ever since the form-
' atlon of the Church.
On Monday,, evening a social and
ealo'of fruit took place In the .Methodist Church under the chairmanship of
Rev, Jos'. Philp. Mr. Harry Hundleby
disposed of the fruits aid vegetables
to the highest bidders in his own inlm-
.'. ifcablo stylo. Songs and duets were
given by morabens of the Young Peoples Union, Mr. Tonka being the accompanist. Tbe effort* of tho commltteo In chargo of ithe arrangements
for the Harvest Festival have roBultod
in the exchequer being Increased by
tho Bum of $43,00. Congratulations.
Tho Chuiroh commlttoo desire to ten-
dor thanks to all who contributed ,ln
any way toward* tho auccoss achieved daring tho WGolcond,
Wlioro guns nnd hammers (all a long
handled shovel aucoeodstln tho slaughter of horBea.   Will! ask Dilly.
and air/your views and help put the
stove up.'.,> --"._.:,
Mr. L^Stockett was a business visitor in Hosmer during the present week,
A'A few "Coal' Creek nimrods were
mound Hosmer shunting Thanksgiving
Day "and returned home singing "Must
we go and empty handed?"
Don't forget the I. O. 0. F. dance
Oct. 3ist..'. *-.:'.,. :..,'■
. Mr, and Mrs, JHarry Bennett are
holidaying in the'Banff vicinity.
Who was-the. guy with the smooth
topped cranium who was breaking all
sprinting records after Ms his hat?
tDonlt worry, you can't have hoth hair
and brains.  "■■,..
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ,   :*
♦ Hosmer Local Notes ♦
We haven't had long to wait for
■criticisms. about the Local Union
notes, Mr. Editor. Some of the brothers who don't wear much shoe leather
out coming, to the meetings. are expressing the opinion that everything
should be kept a big dark 'secret. However, it's, just a matter of opinion;
don't know there's much to hide, if all
bedomes known as a rule anyway.
■Nothing of much ^Importance transpired at Tuesday's meeting.
•Satisfaction was expressed "that at
least one employment .agency grafter
had had his wings clipped (a member
of the .Local at that,"too). It's claimed
there's more of it to come out yet. The
quicker the better. ■' ,        -
Tool stealing'was again discussed.
The guy with No. 129's saw had better
watch out; he's a doomed man.
. A compensation1 case of about three
yeairs' standing was discussed. We'll
have to do a Rip Van Winkle stunt
and then'we might see it settled.
~ And -isn't that official administration
some ho? .We beg to inform him that
the Hosmer local secretary -resides at-
Hosmer.
Get the fellow who works with, you
in the union.  "
MICHEL   NOTES
♦ ♦■
less on -business. However, the min*-
ers working at the mine do not appear
to take it seriously, in .fact, we -question whether any of them savvy the
language - ,
air. T. Harries and friend,"John
Twig, -whilst driving home from Blalin-
■mbre,' where they had heen. witnessing
the. football match, met with a very
severe accident last week. It seems
that someone at Maple Leaf had been1
digging a cellar and -had cast the dirt
in a pile in the middle of the road,
thereby causing the accident Hamries
received a. severe cut over the eye,
making it necessary for Dr. McKenzie
to put three stitches therein..- Twig escaped with a few scratches. Twig says
that he don't know how far he was
thrown from the rig, but he claims
that he wondered while passing
through; space when and where he
was.going to land.   Lucky Twig.
■Mr. .Dick Beard, Harry Blake and
Mr. Chivers Journeyed to the South
Fork on a chicken hunt Thanksgiving
Day, but they were not very thankful
for the amount of chicken they got,
having only secured a bag of six. Dick
claims that he can do better at incubating them.
The question of tool sharpening was
■finally arranged between Sec. Harries
and the Davenport Coal Company. The
.company agree to abolish the system
'of charging the-.men, all previous
charges to be referred to a higher tribunal.
' Harvest .thanksgiving service was
■held attheMethodisfc Church last Sunday. The.Church vra.s-.very prettily decorated with "evergreens and the fruit,
vegetables, etc.,' were displayed in
front of the -rostrum in a tempting
manner. There, was a large and appreciative- audience'; in attendance; spe-
'cial music' was rendered; solo, Mrs.
Mason;' duet,'''Messrs. J. B. and R.
'Stewart; solo, Mr. Hudson; quartet,
Mrs.* Mason,"-Mrs.' Bell and' Messrs.
"Stewiairt Bros.', Monday; night an en-"
tertalnment .and fruit banquet was
given.. ^bout ono hundred were present and spent' a'very enjoyable evening.' The pastor introduced the chairman*,' Mr. Greaves', the principal of Michel 'School, who in "well chosen language gavo a short address on the
meaning and custom of thanksgiving.
Following this the ltenms .rendered
.were': Bong, Mr.1' Hudson; song, Mrs.
Gullett; duet, the Stewart Bros.; song,
Mrs. Bell; .reading, Mrs. Donald'son;
sOng, Mr. Samuels; song, Mrs. Gullett;'
song, IMr. J.'B. Stewart; song, Mr.
•Hudson, • At the close of the entertainment the fruit and vegetables were
sold, .Mr. 3.B. Stewart acting as salesman, '   '      - ■   .*.
The Rev. W. Irwin will commence
his series of- meetings, commencing
■Monday; October 27th, at 8 p.m., ln the
Methodist 'Church. His subjects deal
with the vitals of Christianity from a
scientific basis, Discussion' Invited at
each mooting.    n
♦ LETHBRIDGE NOTES        ♦
♦ .    ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦
. Monday being Thanksgiving Day
and a scheduled holiday, the mines
were all Idle.- '
The Slavonic Society held a 'social
and dance in Miners' Hall in the evening. Practically, all the .members were
present and all enjoyed the evening to
■the fullest. •       '
• Jim and Andrew Peacock arrived
■back last Thursday .morning from Lancashire, England, j where they ware on
a visit to their old folks.
The Amateur Minstrels of Medicine
Hat, who were at the Majestic Theatre here last Friday and Saturday evening, did not irecedve the patronage
expected.. The company, as a whole,
were fair fpr amateurs. One particular feature was the excellent singing
of several 19embers of the troupe, especially Bert Bryan. We regret to
leairn that the venture has not been a
success financially.; ,
. ■ Paul Legerskl, who had his leg broken in the month of July last, resumed
work yesterda. During his incapacity
he has been receiving the maximum
of compensation, namely, ten dollars
per week.
night ago and since then Tom never
aippeared settled.   ' •
At last Sunday's local" meeting! it
was agreed' to take a referendum vote
"of the members on the question of continuing the 50 cent levy until the
strikes are satisfactorily settled. It
was also agreed to take a ballot of the
members at the same time on the question of* forming a sick and .accident
'benefit club in connection with the
■local.-  1
John Loughran, local secretary,
wishes on behalf' of the 'local) to
thank the following for not only for-
waTdlug club rules, but tendering some
very useful information in connection
with the formation of a local sick
club; Mr.'T.'G. Harries, Passburg;
Tom Uphill, Fernie; James Gorton,
Hillcrest, and others. Seeing that all
sick and accident clubs are practically
governed by the same general rules, although differing somewhat in details,
the question occurred to the write:
Would It not .be possible to draw up a
oode of rules that would form a work-
in g basis for all clubs, and have the
rules printed in large quantities at the
Ledger office?' If this were done, any
■local having a majority»of members in
favor of forming a sick and accident
benefit club in connection with their
local, could do so with less trouble and
expense than at present. Besides, if
tlie contributions, benefits and general rules of "all clubs were the same, a
rule providing for the transfer of olub
members from one local to another
could be easily fixed up. In "this way
•club members having paid into sick
and accident benefit funds perhaps for
years at camps where such clubs were
established! would not have to bear the
hardship of losing their membership
in the club they left, and .having to
take chances or join afresh and wait
the prescribed period if they were fortunate to get started at a camp where
a similar club was in existence. Further, the .benefits offered .by th© union
aire scarcely sufficient to hold- members together . in times of adversity
with the result that unless some trou-
hle is brewing- our? local meetings are
either deserted or very sparsely attended. By. adding, a sick and accident
club to the local, however, members
would have something to interest them
in local business and in time would become 'better union men.'
The above) of course, is ouly the
opinion of the writer, but if the editor
of the Ledger would (provide space for
the opinions bf club secretaries • and
others, no doubt some valuable experiences and useful Information on bhe
matter would be obtained.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
COALHURST NOTES
TABER NOTES
HOSMER NOTES
PASSBURG   AND  VICINITY
Born, Oot, 17th, to Mr. and Mm CHu-
boit, a aon. Hosmer still keeps growing.
Hoamor'a football toam did not
mnko tho journoy to Illlloroal on
Thankagivlng Day na expootod*, tho
final at Mlchol proving too much of an
attraction. It ia to bo rogrottod that
a llttlo moro offort waa not mndo to
mako the journoy, oapoclally aoolng
that tho procooda woro for oharlty.
Alco iMcKolvIo had tho mlafortuno
to havo hlo faco out with aomo falling
coal and Ib nt proaont taking In tho
alghtB round town with ono oyo,
ThanltDKlvInK Day Booma to havo
• boon qulto a llvoly affair at Hosmor.
WoddlnKB, dancoa, cbrlatonlngB and
wnkoa all hnd a iplnco on tho program.
Door was king and olnba woro trumpa
ln somo oaaoa, aomo of our amoroua
young men not finding the course ot
lovo ob -smooth aa thoy liked, alao took
tho opportunity to drown their aor-
tows ln tho plentiful aiippllea on hand,
"Oh, you tcototalera."
8, llontn, charged at Fornlo aaslxea
with unlawfully wouii|llng F. Loaclnilt,
wna acqulttod.   '  *'■'
Mi*   nnrt   Mr"   T   ftmim   -nf PnrMiv
woro Hoamor vivitoM laat wook ond.
A U)diu .iKitOnBiug tlw iioauiur Uv-
ory & Trtmafer Co., ran away Friday
laat and camo pretty near putting Hob-
mer'a telephone torvloo on tho hog,
Tho wires managed to koop tho polo
up.
kit, kYuUfc Nunvuii ol 'MiifcUbatt, una
forraorly a Hoamerite, waa renewing
old acquaintances horo over Thankt-
giving holiday*. "What'i tbo attraction, WNink, tbo town or th* glrl»r
Mr. I). L. Thome, our residential on'
glnieor, w*» lm Calgary oa binlnoM kit
wvok.
T. II. WttUama, mino Inaneotor, waa
maktar on« of bit uaual tatpectlon
tours wmid tho mfn«o Friday aad Oat-
nrday laat
Tbe ga* oommlttoo war* alto on on
duty boat, «o everything wat well in-
•poctott,
Atl member* or tbo Hoamor Afthlotfo
AMMwtatton «ra «*rn«*at]y reqoa-atod <©
bo 00 hand nest Woduoaday, Oot 89th.
at« i>m„ In tb* Athtotte Hull, whon n
It seoms that thoro haa been somo
misunderstanding about the date of
tho concert to bo held at the PreBby
terlan Church by tho PuBaburg Malo
Voice Choir, but lt la now properly
fixed tor the 12th of November, when
It da to bo hapod tlmt thoro will bo a
gotod attendance, aa tho program, to
hand 1a ono of tho beat soon around
hero for some time.
Mrs. .Dlok Board paid a visit to her
many frlonds at Mlchol last Saturday,
returning homo on Monday In tlmo to
hear Dick flinging "Oomo back to mo,
sweetheart." liowovor, tt dooB not
liappon vory often and Dick muut havo
folt lonely.
Wo one all glad to aoo our old frlond
George Itloharda woll again after a
wook'a alcknoae. Goorgo does not look
60 woll, but la of tno novor-say-dlo
typo and always considers thoro is a
chance.
Thoro ia no roaaon why a person
should got Jealoua, whothor ho loavoo
homo morning or night, but It aeonva
It dooa not tako much to mako aomo
pooplo Moi that way Inclined.
*\V© nro aorry to roport that a young
-follow by tho namo ot Welch got In*
Jumdi at tho mino laat Wednesday, It
ia to bo hoped that It ta not going to
pitovo aerlouB, and that ho will won
bo around again,
BUI Plcton, an old timer from
Frank, la now working horo at Pna*-
burg, and ataylng with hia brother Dan
on hia ranch,
Hoc, Harriea, whilo doing a little organizing at Maplo Leaf, found that
tho company la badly needing men, but
If .i.c-jiM <*!**■*** fill* rtnti«n*«nt« hnni.l-n'n'
$1.80 por day does not appear to bb
any ureut attraction (or a man oven
when out of work.
Danolng aeem* to havo taken a firm
hold on tho boy* of Polioo Flats. A
poaaorby may at any night mo thoir
gliding figures [taaalng up and down
ia« 1'if<»or ■wiiK.n tut)) i/j&ouWj u)K>n. A.*
pmettco makes masters, tho boys
stiould bo |n groat shape for the com'
lag,Season.
A «rftnd concort and danco will -be
hold at Burmis on tbo 7itb of November on behalf of H. Yoarby, who was
Mrtaisly Injured about seven months
ago. U Is to bo hoped thot It win bo
a groat suooess, as oar friend surely
needs a lUtlc support.
Tbo minwi at Passburg and Durxnls
aro now working f itrty st«sdy and tho
<*r abort-ago la expected to bo soon
over. Maplo Loaf aeoiu* to bo tn
troublo for high tide.
Nlo ono ts admiUMl m tbe pwaises
at lh* Wan)* huJ mltttm, «o my* *
notice that Is posted to thnt offort
Albert.Klopsh has quit the mines, as
he intends going Into the "coffee'business, for which he is1 erecting a frame
building 60 feet .by 24 feet.. rWe wish
him every success In his venture.;.
Pete Jones and family have removed to Chinook Collieries, where Pete
has accepted position as pit 'boss. '-
It seems' we were misinformed as to
Sub IHstricfc 3 Board Member, Lairson
holding Organizer Karl'u office until
his -return from Colorado, as the former has again resumed work at No. 6
mino.
J. .Mooire, another of the fir© bosses
engaged* at No. 6 mine, haa moved to
Hardleville, aavd J, Taylor is endeavoT-
lng to rent his fine house of Twelfth
Street with the Intention of moving
out there also. Hop© this is not a
criterion1 of tho severe winter weather
ahead of us.
The ratepayers' of the north .side
held a meeting last night in Kennedy's
Hall, at which they elected officers for
tho ensuing year.' The object of thOBO
meetings Is to fully discuss tho capability of the, several gentlemen seeking office in civic affairs. This year'
tho matter Is of a moro serious nature
thnn herotoforo, a8 In 1914 wo trill ba
subject to a commission form of government, of which thero will bo thivo
who will rulo the rooat. On the ntroot
tho names of several gontlemon aro being discussed though there aro only
four up to now who havo flnwlly decided to put their namea beforo tho
public. It la to bo hoped that tho
ratepayers will glvo thia thoir serious
consideration and elect thoir vory boat
men apart from (party or personal
friendship.
A. J. Garter, District Soarotary, and
J. Burko, Sub District 2 Board 'Mom-
bor, woro in tho oity latter pant of
last wook on bualnoaa with J. P. Palm-
or, District 18 Solicitor.
With tho oxcoption of Thankaglvlng
Day, tho mino horo haa worked stoud-
ily for somo tlmo nnd Ib likely to con-
tinuo so for qulto a whilo, but, or
conrso, tho numbor of mon nt proBont
omployod l» vory much loaa thnn formerly, and nlthough mon koop pulling
out no freah mon aro started -to fill
tliolr places. The fact, however, that
tlio company koop sending valuable
maohlnory to the cnmp la n auro Indication that they intend comnienclnj,'
developments on a largo scale at no
vory dlatant dale,
I/iBt wook ond a now and powerful
looomotlvo of tho latost doalgn *vm
dollvorort hnre, whilst a now snow,
plow nnd a dinkey for hauling tho conl
from Ko. 1 to tho tlpplo aro also undor way. Previous to thia tho loc>
ud-uu Has tiir-xi irom tne c. v. u, Tho
,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■■♦. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
*^T-hank.sgiving-Bay-,be!ng-a-!egal--holl--
day, there was no work at the Canada
-West mine, The only mines working
in this district-j.were Rock Springs and
Superior, where the men are not yet
very well organized.
On Sunday 'a meeting of the men
employed at the White AbIi and Block
Coal Co.'s "was%eld and a local organized. The meeting-waB addressed by
Vice Pres. Graham and A.'McRoberts.
The local has a membership' of forty-
five ito stawt. The organizers were accompanied by a quartette of the Miners' Band.
On .'Wednesday the men of Rock
Springs were interviewed and arrangements made.to hold a meeting on Friday night The operators are very
busy wecdIng,,.out the leaders among
the men. On Tuesday, at Superior, a
machiheman who had-gone around
with the checkoff was discharged on
a very slight ipretext.arid at the Block
mine two men who had been hired on
Saturday and Joined the local on Sunday wero told that no union men were
wanted and that there was no work
for them.
On Sunday tho congregation at the
MothodlBt Church wero given a sur-
prlao when tho preacher, Rov. Mr.
Craig, announced that Instead of tho
usuul thanksgiving sermon he was going to preach on tho economic ques*-
tlonB of the day, Tho rov. gentleman
pointed out the groat 'Inequalities that
existed under tho present conditions,
but did not take vory kindly to tho Socialistic roraody. Instead ho offered
reform of tho proaent aystom and mon
to got religion Into thoir henrta, when
thero would bo, no, oppression of tho
poor. Whilo wo don't agroo with tho
rov. gontlcunan, wo aro very glad to
aoo ono of hia cloth hnvo tho courage
ito handle hia aubjoct from tho pulpit
in tho manner ho did, It shows that
tho question ot Socialism la coming
to the front in moat unexpected .plaoos,
Another body of worshippers that
rooolvod a sovoro Jolt on Sunday night
wniB tho pooplo who attended itho 'Mor-*
mon Church. Tho aponkor had .boon
talking on the prosperity of tho country, and alluded to tho Immigration
from Southern Europo aa being tho
very thing tho country nooded, and
what a great thing It wna to bo ablo
to do manual labor. (Ot courao, tho
gontloman in quoatlon Is generally nn
oxploltor of labor.) At tho end of tho
discourse ho naked If any ono In tho
nudlonco would llko to nak any quoa
tlonn or havo nnythlng to any on tbo
aubjoct. Thoro happened to bo aomo
minors proaent nnd ono of them Immediately got lo hia foot and polntod
out that the object of the immigration
wna to keep a supply ot cheap labor
on hand and ns our frlond hnpponod to
ho a member of tho T. W. W. and prot-
ty well poHtcd nil round, bo gnvo
those people audi a talking to that
th-oy adjourned the mooting beforo ho
waa flnlahed.   It's getting nowadays
tlmt tti<* TWfl-'Mvflr* liflvo Prtt in Vn*>w
what they nro talking nbout, ©apodal'
■The,Miners' Hall -is receiving .Its
double coat of paint this week^ and
new comers into the camp will be told
that the green building with white
trimmings is the Miners' Hall. So with
these distinctions we hope to see the
Hall packed to its ifull capacity many
times this winter.
At the regular meetings held last
Sunday a resolution was passed to
the effect that we assess our members
this next month to assist Uie striking
miners and their families in the Island. A rider to the above was added
"that we get up a concert and the
amount cleared to be added to the assessment, said concert to be held November 17'th." We hope and expect
to see a large number respond and
buy a ticket for the concert and have
a good time to support a good cause.
Sick benefit was again brought up
at Sunday's meeting, but- nothing being accomplished as usual except laid
over until the next meeting for further
discussion.
We are pleased to learn that John
Henderson, who got hunt on Sept. 29th
and has been in Diamond City hospital ever since, is now making good
progress. -Peter Melling, who got hurt
the same time and place as Henderson, is also doing fine and^expects to
be back on duty in a few days' time.
•Peter' Outchins arrived back In
camp this week after spending about
four months' vacation inthe old country. ' \
We are pleased to learn .that the
.picture man is getting along with less
trouble now than when he first started up, having some kind of contract
now~with the company. There is no
danger of being put .in the dark. .No
doubt he had to pay in advance for the
lights or else he would soon be dn the
dark. We never heard tell of the company letting anything go unless they
got the money first and yet they get
all their production on credit. It's
strange, very strange.
■The late tipple dumper man is now
on the water wagon selling that precious .commodity to the people of
Coalhurst- at the rate of twentytfive
cents a barrel, his late occupation having a little too mubh red tape tied on.
Three and one and four bells, etc.,
Johnny Bale&M had his' car tied on,
behind one more .powerful and took a'
trip through the country on Thanksgiving Day. Quite a number of farm:
ers ask Johnny when he*, would be
along to do tlieir threshing.
Anthony Sendeski came up'out the
mine early on Saturday with slight injuries about the' legs and body. Dr.
McCacken was right on the job and
-bound up-the-injured-partsr^TlIe-vetr
was also there and advised the injured one to get".in an extra bottle for
Thanksgiving Day, as bis nerves were
shattered more than his legs. So after Sendeski had a smoke he thought
bhe vet. was right and got two kegs
of beer and a Hudson Bay bottle of
rye and got fixed up in good shape.
. BIroy Tabor was a visitor to.Coal-
hnrst last week. We learn he hired on
as a driver but met a black cat first
imorning as he was going to work and
Blroy took tho next freight out without . saying good-byo to bis college
friend.
There*Is a rumor that Delaney.the
butcher is going to put in a grocery
stock this winter so as to keep In line
with all the other business men of
Coalhurst. Opposition1 is the lifo of
trade. There ought to be some life
ln Coalhurst.
'Mr. Cecil Durham took a flying trip
lo Beaver Creek on Saturday and returned for duty on Monday morning.
Cecil Intends moving hia wlfo and fam'
ily to Coalhurst as soon as he oan got
a house suitable,
Jules Lavenne, coal mino oporator
of Winnifrod, waa a vlaltor to Coalhurst on Wednesday of last wook.
Jules says IiIb mino Ih coming along
fine and tho mineral ia of the beat do-
mostlc quality. Iio was looking for a
fow good mon to tnko along with him
to fill tho demands of his markot.
John Conway drew hia back tlmo
Tuesday morning and pulled his
freight same day for tho west.
Walter Pym loft the employ of tho
company this wook and hired with
tho C. >P. II. Ho oxpocta to movo to
Mooao Jaw right away.
A basket social waB held In tho
Church on TliankBglvIng night. A good
time was enjoyed by nil who attondod.
About twenty bnakotB wero put'up for
auction by *Mr. Boyd, who mado nn ox-
collont snlosmnn, and nbout %1T, waa
roallsiod, Tlio bidding wnB vory alow
at ttmoa, two bita bolng ahout tho limit In moat of tho bids; at other tlmos
a llttlo competition wna shown.
Mr. Maxwell wua a vlaltor to tlio
collieries on Tuoaday looking over tho
plant both bolow and above ground.
Tho boys who «travoll«l by tlio last
train, from Lothbrldgo to Kipp on Monday night must havo folt good when
thoy got off tho train Jimt after croud-
Ing tho viaduct and walked homo. Kvl-
doiitly tliny preferred walking, hut
Alen anys ho will bo moro careful noxt
tlmo.
boys who had brought home so much
glory and so many cups.
j.Miss S. McRury, of Fernie, 3pent
Thanksgiving in town, the guest'of
Mrs. D. A. Macaulay.
Miss B. Fulton, of Blairmore, spent
Thursday ac the home of Dr. and Mrs.
Porter.
Oliss Murray, of Fernie, -was the
guest of Mrs. T. R. Ross from Saturday to Monday.
The public school concert held on
Friday evening last was a great success, the opera house being crowded
with a great throng of children and
their parents of many nationalities.
The program, which was concluded
shortly after nine o'clock, was followed by a dance, which lasted till shortly after midnight.
A. Hutchinson, principal of tho public school at Lundbreck, visited Coleman on Friday,
Received too late for publication last
week.
D. J. Rogerson, of Vancouver, who
formerly resided here with his family,
spent Saturday and Sunday last in
town. He left Sunday evening on a
trip to Toronto, where he joins Mrs.
Rogerson and their children.
Rev. D. J. Watkins-Jones has for the
past week been indisposed from an attack of tonsillitis and is still unable to
be about.
A. D. Cameron returned Wednesday
evening from a trip to Calgary and
other points north, While away 'Mr.
Cameron visited the Brazeau coal
fields.
R. W. Holmes, of Calgary, was a
visitor here on Saturday last.
E. B. Collect, Geo. J. Smith and A.
P. Donnelly, all of Vancouver, were
guests at the Hotel Coleman over Sunday.    6      '   •
Rev. Mr. Haines, of Brocket, Anglican-Indian Mission, preached in St.
Alban's Church on Sunday last, morning and evening. Mr. Haines returned
to 'Brocket on Monday.
O. J, Ingram, of Lethbridge, transacted business in Colemaii'jon Monday.
P. N. Anderson, of Calgary, was in
town Monday;
P. W. D. Stotford, of New York, ls a
guest at the Coleman Hotel.
Wm. Chalmers and Geo. Machin, of
the Summit 'Hotel, Crow's Nest, spent
Wednesday evening in town, returning
Thursday morning. '
■F. J. Walsh, of Moose Jaw, spent
Wednesday in town, we hope pleasantly and profitably.
- A. iH. Green, of Nelson, has been
enjoying the scenery and other good
things around Coleman for the past
few days.
D. Rees, of Fernie^ was a Coleman
visitor on Saturday.
•Rev,. Dr. McPhedran, a medical ml*
*!/  '
-OUou-Uinued on page four.) •
Brisco's
—We carry exclusive agency—
HOLEPROOF HOSIERY FOR
WOMEN, MEN and CHILDREN
D & A LA DIVA CORSETS
GEO. A. SLATER   AND-MON-
ARCH FINE SHOE
Made of P & V Leather
AMHERST & LECKIE WORKING SHOE
Big Bargalna in Shoes for July
Pay
R. M. BRISGO
Blairmore
DRIVERS
Wanted
Mines;
- Drivers for Coal
Schedule  Wages
Apply at once.
Lethbridge   Collieries
Kipp   -   Alberta
2/
A. I. BLAIS
Grocer
Wo carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phoiie 103       •/:        Frank, Alta.
It wrtu not
0co«nU martin* la to b* held. Ooma written In tito EmtlUh tawst** an-
loi'Wd to tha C. P. H. and an
always available when required, the
mine was laid Idle cm several occ-i-
filons when tho cut became blocked up
with wow,
Ytnh .Muir m\,n yitttt} ♦>,•* n»n..*% «♦
iroMiiror for thii local for tbo paat
fow montha, left IKttvcr tWa week for
HlUorwrt, Bob bad good work In tho
mino here, hut hit daughter, Mra.
Lotw, U mmovtng to h«r hubby at
HIHerert, and Apparently Mr. Muir pre*,
for* living with them.
Wr. l>r**t» ha» bmn running the picture ball mt th* Cw-it for the p»«t few
wetika, and at WU bn« had 1 Mod d*i!
of -wxpwlence. not only In manlp'tlat-
lag the reel*, bat In selecting thv rlas»
of pletar-ftt that will tntereet hU patron*, all thoM that patrontee hl« on-
tertalatwmti ««n alwayt rAy upon
•eolng » good tibow tad having a good
timo at tbe Uuloo Hall.
Tom WwMimm hair plcfcc<I up itila
wcokand l» leaving tb« camp, hi*
son Bi'fww. wft new for fVrnH> a fort-
Quito a number ef Alio men who for-
morly worked at tho mino* horo aro In
town thl* weok handling grain. It't
thu same old story, a amall crop and
nothing for lt.   Woll, boys, wo dont
,.,    , ,1,1...,   ,    ••    *    1. .
4,9.\.   1,19   *..**    ."»-.>    t,.9.*4'^'.l9i.   ^,.-V.    fc-^t.     -UA.'
guilty, but a llttlo moro of (bin wilt
help to test thoto fellow*' eyoe open
nnd ae« whoro they eland.
Anothor luity young Scotchman ar-
rlv«d tn town on 8atnrd»y, in tho
birth of a eon to Wm. Black.
Tom Sneddon has moved In /rem tho
homeotca'l and etartcd to work at Du-
pcrior imdnee.
Jack lUrw and Jim Marnrwivwi
were in town this wook with * load of
grain.
Dick fltwre* wee a vieHor from
Oraeey UV* on W«4&eed*r.
Enw*t Marnh bad th* mtifartnn* to
k>*« part of hie finger Uet wm* in
«b«n»ln*. H« ww carrying eowo tool*
atut„ mtssttie lit footfall, (wU, an iu*
happening to catch bis finger with tb*
nbore rewalt. '
♦ COLEMAN NOTE8 ♦
* ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
IVIncljwl Mitchell of tlio Public
Scliool mtumed from l^nthbrldKo Monday ovenim*,', whore h« had been In attendance nt thu Houthom Alberta
tdvuvit* ^-juusitiuii uumiK ibo lat-l
it't pnrt of iln- •"(■*-V
W, 8. Pair, of Cnluary, rf-.i»w*umtlnfc
italfour & Co., of Hamilton, Ont,
transAdod l-usl-ness uith Coloman
merchants on Tuesday.
R, n, niaok, of York Cr<»ok, aptmt
the Ootomen Hotol.
Mr. Curfy, auditor ior the C. P. IL,
spent eoverst days In town Isst weok
attending to work at tho company's
local offices.
A large crowd of Coleman enthuel-
nsts Joumnywd to Michel on Thanks*
Rlvlng Day to e«* tlio final mix between Ooieman nnd Coal Crook for tb*
Orahan Cup. Word wa* w-Mv«| ab-iut
Mv** o'clock of th* viewy »f the looal
teem sod preparations wore made for
a reception to begin wh«r tho SH
train arrired et win* Tb« train was
tost by a tone crowd md tbe town
band: a procetsion made tu way up
th* «tns*t to the buiiwwi section
wUat*»«blLv*kyu» i*M (■»*■*■*. uUcu aud
ilttl* ws* feet undone by tbo crowd tn
tba effort to nliow appreciation for tlio
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
"Thc Quality Store"
1
J
V
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Crockery, Boots & Shoes
Hi'.vural bhi|>in«!nlK ot new kocmIh to hand
»IiIm wr>i»lf ■'
K<«» our splendid nutortment of Vrofk*ry.
which Is now on vlow In our no* show
room.
ftw aino uu.» mj>i>c)ui display of Cruston
Brown Vegetables, on view in our window,
during this week. Leavo us your orders
for nnythlng you rwjulre and we guarantee
to give you satisfaction.
\
.r
mm
manuuM.1
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
T*»» more Tttat lavsa You Motusy
Phone 25      Victor)* St        Blairmore, Alta.
-., . j>j. -f'V
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PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER/'PERNIeV Bi .C., OCTOBER 25, 1913.
,**% n *^ *-
, tA' :--„"V-
"■-"-- *XAJ.A~ .-j-'V1'*.   '^""'-'vvf'•■f,v°*>°- -.j:!'■'."--■•,''■-■ "■'-'--;,"'"'.-'" -:
"'' ~7-7X*~-y-J,'XV.V- i5■...''.".' ^'-'"V **. \'-;'-.■   ''-:->' -v; •'■ >\ ,-^C - -"
Directory of Fraternal
Societies
laMWiiHiiwjamCTBaTOBapsaaBOBH
INDEPENDENT ORDER
OF ODD FELLOWS
Meets every, Wednesday
evening at 8 o'clock tn K. P.
Hall.
., Noble Grand, A. Prentice.
v Secretary, J. B. Melklejobn.
ANCIENT ORDER OF
" FORESTERS
"Meet at Aiello's Hall second and third Mondays in
each month.
John M. Woods, Secretary.
Fernie, Box 657.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS
Meet every Tuesday at 8
p.m. In their own Hall, Victoria Avenue.
C. C, G Barton:'
K. of R. S., Chas. Buhrer.
OI. of P.. Robt. Dudley.
LOYAL ORDER OF
MOOSE
Meet evCry  Monday  at 8
p.m. in K. of P. Hall.
'Dictator, T. Uphill.    *
Secretary, W. P. "Vance.
iXi\~miSirfi\Xrt\-t(rtr»\tf»\^
DR.   JOHN
BARBER,
DENTIST
Office: Above
Bleasdell's
Phone 121
•Drug. Store
Residence:
21 Victoria
Avenue
FERNIE
' -
B. C.
ALEXANDER MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS     ,
Fernie, B. C.
Why
Rex&t?
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices, We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AOBNTS POR
Firtt Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
From "Engineering," London, England
m^\                                                    1          l
i."      ■'   '
t
it,       -              '    *-
|
I'1"
Southern
H 0 TEL
BELLEVUE, ALBERTA
1"
k<
I-* >
r
■'
Us
V
n
fi
Every
convenience
ancl              ,
attention
Meals that taste like
mothor used to cook
Best in the Pass
J08, Grafton, Proprietor
0
iWhea the proceedings of scientific
and technical societies are scanned it
is clear than the dangers threatened
by mine-gases and coal-dust are being
investigated all over the world. Yet
the miner complains tbat scientists
fail to provide what he wants. Old experiments are repeated and extended;
the fact is confirmed that coal-dust is
in itself explosive without the presence' of fire-damp, and that improperly damped shot-holes, sparking elec-
trict machinery, temporary -arcs between wires accidentally brought into
contact, and broken constitute serious
sources of danger. All this, or most
of it, -was known, and, if not sufficiently appreciated years ago, has been understood for some time. The man
who has to work underground is more
anxious to hear of real remedies and
perfectly safe processes than to listen
to discussions of the special conditions under which apparatus and practices, which must be considered dangerous In general, become fairly safe.
He naturally distrusts elaborate regulations, which he feels may not be observed conscientiously iby his superiors than he observes them himself
when they are irksome or seem superfluous under the particular conditions.
The, experienced miner recognizes,
that a reliable cure can scarcely, be
found .before the problem has been
fully studied. Yet he may -fairly object that what has been done so far
has more interest for the chemist and,
physicist than for himself. We have
kept our readers informed as to researches on mine explosions, and the
mentioned objection might be raised
against at least two- investigations
which .have been recently made aad
published.
Last year' Professor W. M. Thornton read 'before the Institution of Mining Engineers a paper on "The Ignition o,f CoaKJas and Methane by Momentary Arcs." The research was undertaken 'because the Coal Mines Act
of 1911 prohibits the use of electricity
in .mines where more than VA per
cent'of fire-damp may be present, and
because it limits the pressure of electric signalling circuits to 20 volts in
places where bare wires' might cause
momentary, arcs by accidental contact. The experiments were made
with electrodes of several metals
crossing at right.angles within'glass
vessels, which were filled with the
respective gas mixtures and closed toy
cotton-iwool plugs, which gave way in
iftnan_/vf n n -Qv*l!f»«i/,*vi_**B^=A flfttl + iniio ♦3*rx«.
vudu- vf-ir- tXiL— tiA. iJl\jai\JLi, xx— ^Oil. tin lia.tzOix
of these experiments, dealing witlvthe
".Comparative Inflammability of Mixtures of Pit-Gases and Air by Momentary Electric Arcs" was recently communicated to the same body. Professor Thornton had two sources of pit-
gases at his disposal; one contained
87.4 per cent and the other ,93.3 per
cent of methane, in addition to about
t per cent of other hydrocarbons and
12.2, or 6.5 per cent, respectively! of
nitrogen. In comparative tests he
made use of a very pure methane prepared by, distilling Trinidad pitch. Tho
nitrogen present in the natural pit-
gases acted ns ,a diluent; its effect
was marked in poor mixtures of the
gas and nlr, hut scarcely so ln mixtures rich In gas, as might be expected,
Tho plt-gasos proved cleanly less In-
flammaiblo thnn the pure methane,
The minimum current Intensity required for Insuring ignition decreased
rapidly at first and then slowly, as
tlio voltage wns raised from 50 to 5Q0;
with copper electrodes A nmperos
were required at 50 volts, nnd 0,15 am-
poro only at 500 volts; for Iron electrodes higher vnlues were found—7..1
and 0.15 amperes respectively. When
keeping tho volts constant it waa ob-
'served that gns mixtures of aboul fl
or 7 por cent wero most inflammable,
tho curront-gns concentration or am-
pprp-ppr cont curves being of t.hr» V
tpyo, Por Instance no Ipnltlon conld
bo obtained with ■!.!) per cent of fins
—methane, The lnflnmmnblllty tfion
Increased rapidly to Its maximum, ns
tho concentration roHO to 11 or 7 per
cont, nnd fell off ngnln quickly when
thn concontrntlon oxmndort 12 por
cent.   TIioho l'lfjuros apply to continu
ous currents of 50 volts; with 100
volts the maximum; inflammability
was near 8 per cent The curves foi
the two pit-gases, for pure- methane,
and coal-gas, were veryi similar.to ono
another. iWith alternating current
the curves 'assumed a perfectly >sym.
metrical U shape, the point of minimum ignition current occurring at 9
per cent methane concentration for
currents of 200 volts at 36 periods.
When' the pressure of the alternating
current was raised to 800 volts the ignition currents decreased from 40 amperes at 50 volts to 8 amperes at 200
volts, to 6 amperes at 600 volts, and
to 3 amperes at 800 volts—all at 36
periods; at 100 periods the fall was
more gradual, from 40 amperes at 100
volts to 20 amperes at 300 volts, and 8
amperes at SOO volts? The curves, it
must be .understood, have nothing to
do with the violence of the explosion.
As regards the mechanism of explosive ignition, Professor Thornton considers thkt explosive, and chemical
combination in general, is due to the
collision of ions thrown off by electric
arcs. Rontgen rays, light, etc.
The second paper which we wish to
notice Is an account of experiments on
"Conditions Affecting Explosions of
CoaliGas and Air,"' conducted1 by
Messrs. E. L. Sellars, M. Sc., and Colin Campbell, M. Sc., in the laboratory
of Professor H. B, Dixon, at Manchester, and (brought before the Manchester Section of the Society, of Chemical
Industry, The authors studied the
rate of propagation of the flame in
coal-gas mixtures of 12.3 per cent. The
explosive wave was never set up, and
the flames traveled sufficiently slowly
to be watched by the eye In glass
tubes up to 18 metres in length: The
tubes were built up of shorter sections
of tubes, joined, by rubber bands and
provided with metre divisions. When
the flame was seen to pass a division
a kep was depressed by the experimenter, and a record was electrically
produced on a.revolving drum covered
with smoked paper. One rather distrusts records thus obtained; but automatic records would have required
elaborate arrangements and the
curves reproduced in the .publication
are so concordant that the arrangement seems to have answered. Ignition was produced by sparking near
the end of the tube; the ends were
open or closed to start with; sometimes the end near which ignition was
effected was closed immediately after
sparking. These features, and also
the length and the0width"of the tube—
explosions could be "set up in locally
rich gas mixtures.',' It is thus proved
that, explosions can- ibe stifled by
stoneduat, and that this stone-dust
does not introduce a. new source of
explosion danger. Dr. W. E. Garforth
mentioned, during the discussion of
the paper, that a stagnant atmosphere
might be rendered safe by creating a
stone dust cloud in it; he had done
this by cutting stone with a circular
saw; the cloud then produced quenched an explosive blast.
The other objection, that of damaging ■ the lungs with. stone-dust, remains;, and It must not be underrated,
though some ' experiments made at
Eskmeals seemed to show that the
danger Is not serious. Professor Dixon also pointed put that fresh coal-
dust spread over the underground
roads, and on the old coal-dust, might
tbe stirred up by an explosion and produce a licking flame. It is pretty clear
from the various trials made ln mines
that large quantities of stone-dust
must be applied and,frequently renewed in order to stifle explosions. Tn
how far that can be done without exposing the miner lo constant un-
healthy conditions remains to be seen.
.Water zones, which have been tried
before stone-dust zones, are objectionable, because working in a humid atmosphere, and ln a mud too, is neither^, pleasant nor healthy; and Dr.
Harger's suggested remedy,- reduction
of the oxygen- percentage in the mine
air below its percentage, at which it
will.-sustain combustion, will not be
welcomed by the miner either, even
though the oxygen is not to be taken
away, but only to be diluted by the
admission of inert gas. It cannot be
said that the suggested remedies look
tempting. We have, two enemies to
face—gas and dust; the latter is a&
bad almost as the'former. We cannot
mine coal without raising dust any
more than we can travel on our roads,
or move about in" our houses withonf
raising dust. 'Dust* is a nuisance in
general, and a danger in mines.    ' '
upon shots ..whlcli have" miss^lred,
still exacts its yearly,toll of ^eath and
injury. •    '/«*.. -
Legislation for the safety of Workers in mines may;be said to -have commenced -with the Coal Mines Act of
1*855, but the subject of miss-fires was
not dealt .with' until 1872. At-that
time gunpowder was the only explosive used in,mines.-, ,   .  ■
The 1872 act was amended by the
Coal 'Mines Regulation Act, 1887, .and
the substance of the general rule was
expanded as follows; - \'
Sec. 49/ General Rule 12: "No explosive shall ibe forcibly pressed into
a hole of insufficient size, and when a
hole has been charged the explosive
shall not be unrammed, and no hole
shall be bored for a charge at a distance of less than six inches from any
hole where the charge has "missed
fire."
It will „ be noticed that the word
"powder" has given place to the general term "explosive." * ;» *   ;■
The reports of inspectors of mines
for the year 1912 give particulars regarding miss-fires in mines under the
Coal Mines Act, but the.figures can
only be taken as rough approximations, as there was no statutory obligation to keep a record of missed
shots before the new Mines'Act came
into force on July 1, 1912. Following
is a summary:
No. of        No. of
Shots fired miss-fires
Electrically fired 19,509,657
Fues '. 12,441,102
Squibs 10,579,665
22,538
14,605
' 7,248
'Total 42,530,424       44,391
The proportion of miss-fires In the
cases of shots fired electrically and
with fuses was about 1 1-5 per 1,000,
and In-the case o'f shots fired by
squibs about % of 1 per 1,000—the
proportion for all shots toeing about!
per 1,000.   '■
These figures are exclusive of shots
fired in quarpies and in metalliferous
mines, the total of which ls considerable, - and 44,391 miss-fired • shots in
coal mines only during one year must
be a serious • source of danger.—The
Coal  and Coke  Operator  and  Fuel
ycalUnio^^
SAFETY   IN   SHOT-FIRING
FARMING MORE DANGEROUS
THAN COAL MINING
\P VOU DONT
Rtcalva The Lido*'' don't blami ua.
Wateh thf tfitt of tht «rplratlon df
th« Mini tabil Mntatnlno your *d<
ARE YOUR HANDS CHAPPED 7
2*m-Bnk Will Our* thou.
Tho particular danger of chapped
bands nnd cold cracks (apart alto
Wthor from tho pain) Is that tho cold
lu likoly to ponotrato and not up In-
llammntlon, fcBtorlng, or lilood-polBon,
Directly tho nkln Ib brolton by a out,
Kriuo or scratch, or chafed and oraclicd
by tho notion of tho cold winds and
wntor, tho ono nccoHBiiry precaution lc
to apply Zam-Buk frculy.
Tho puro herbal julcoa from which
Slnm-lluk In prepared nro no perfoctlj
combined and refined that the Immediate efToct of those Zam-Iluk droiwlnna
li Boothlnff, antiseptic, nnd healing,
Pain and Inflammation'aro allayed,
dlBoajie K«rmi expelled from tbo wound
<*."       9 4,94* ,,-^-t        I*,*        *i,tt,r        I,,        ,*•,*(.,
..        .....V,      ~.~W       ***V       )*,,•..        Ml      i+lttlrklj
boated. t
Zam-Buk la not only a powerful,
healer and akin purlfler; it In itronicly
antlncptlc and germicidal, and io
formi th« Ideal protection for thi ikln
tfftlnit dlnoaao gormi.
It quickly heali cold eraeki, cbawi.
I cnut))a>n», cold sortm, etc
lira, O, M. Phoon, Neuchatel, MU.
wrttait--" I rauit WI you bow pleaiud
I nm with Zara-nuk. My hunband bad
an old froBtbltis on hli foot for many
nan, and bad tried almoit ov«ry
known remedy without any efToct, bnt
Uts flrat application or Zam-ifaft
•earned to help bim no much tbat hi
ftvmtend and tb* mm It now mu*.
W« would uot l>« without /Jim-huk U»
lb*! bouie."
Zam-Duk to tlio a mn am fer
pli**, wteraa, niter* abnetMet, netto
noma, blood-fateon, bad lug, -tnptlou,
8tcL 'jfJW** i8rb*1 ««*«•«««•
jaaket It tbo Ideal balm for babtaa aad
yo«»f -ftfcflifim Aft irneetmtt *n*t
•tef-tit Mn ZUtt-Dn* Wc box mvmm
trm turn lauJtak Oo, TwafrtA, Mr
~r*M,   Try •!*» Ktm-Bsfc Bat* Mt,
"internal-diameleFlip io 4~4 mm.—had"
decided effects upon the phenomena.
It was shown that the flame would
travel the full tube-ilengtli towards a
closed end, from which gas would
pro-bably escape so that the mixture
became impoverished. With closed
ends the inflammation would assume
a more violent character. When the
flame travelled from an open to a closed end there was an initial period of
quiet advance of the flame; then followed a period: of oscillation, of more
rapid travel and great violence; finally the flame velocity would slow down
again. In tubes open at both ends the
oscillations increased till the flame
died out; by reducing the diameter of
the tube the second period of greater
violence could bo eliminated.
■These researches form a link in the
chain of experiments on explosions
conducted on a small scale by, Berthe-
lot, Mallard and Lo Chatelier, Dixon,
and others In laboratories, and on a
large scale,In galleries. ■ Tho third ro-'
search to which we pass, on tho "Effect of Incombustible Dusts on the Explosion o£ GaseB," by. Professor .H. 13,
Dixon and Mr. Colin Campbell, touches the minor moro directly.
Wo have several times referred* to
tho RuccosBful attempts mnde at. Al-
tofts by Mr. Garforth. In Westphalia,
ni Tjievin, and olBowhoro, to stifle explosive* wnvos by Bprondlng powered
Btono-diiBt ovor tho underground
roads; tho explosion stirs up the In-
comhuRtlblo duat of a "stono-dust
zoiio" and becomes quonchod. Two ob-
Jnotlons havo boen rnlsod ngnlnst this
n.moily. Dimt in no doubt injurious to
tlio liiimnn lungs: but It Ib liopml thnt
soft. HliiUo diiRt will Iio tolernblo, while
Ki'ltty dust nnd clmlorn will certainly
havo to bo excluded, The kccoihI ol).
joction Itt baHod upon Rome expert-
monts mndo hy tho Into Hlr Frederick
Abel after tho Scnhnm disaster of
1880. nccnnllnR to wliich tho' IncrindoH-
cont. (Iuul would "curry tho flnnie
along" Into regions of unbiirnt gas,
nnd constitute nn additional Hourco of
danger. Abel uIho HiigKOHtod that the
dust might net ciitnlytlchiiy; becaimo
km would bn fondonm'd upon tho dust
p.utlclcH, The experiments of Dixon
and Cnmpbcll disprove Uiobo state-
nientH. Undor ordinary preBBuro and
tomporaturn conditions nm mixtures (
an* not explosive unless they contain
nt least 5,7 por cent of methane, Abel
had experimented with S or 4 per cont
mixtures, which, in thcm»elvcH inex-
pIoMvo, hnd been rendered oxploBlvo,
ho thought, by iho duet particles. Dlx-
i r*.       * .** «.,.1 I-I...I  „   ,-. -- -,t..
*.*».    .......     V. .*..., ,**..*     . 1 .* V*     ......    ■■     j   .   . .      .....
turo ennnot ho mtiAn pyploBlvr -by
these moana, and thnt, on tho contrary, a mlxturo which was Just rich
enough lo explode would not explode
when magnolia dust was Htlrrod Into
It.  Thoy al«o mado some oxpcrlmontu
Citl lilt* tiUJiJ'UKjOi Catftl^'u*.. ftiivftA*.  tut
ttieio they took lomo flno-colled plat*
Inum wlro. It wai electrically heated
until chemical combination began on
tha nirfaee; tba current wai then
turned off; the iflow continued lor
•onto time, but a poor mixture could
not, In* rendered explosive In i\\L\ wav-
It ti Mtlifactory that Dixon and
Campbell wurtt hUi» ,*U\» lu tuc-ui'Ulik
how Abel came to make thia erronc-
oui atatement. Dr. W. Kollner, who
hnd audited Abel, Informed them thnt
Abel introdtieod hit methane throuicli
a h»l« M the bottom et the r*lleir. f*
ttuM. lomrand one foot tquare, without
la wr way mixing the* tun and nlr.
Imitating thii arranwnwnt Dixon and
Campbell obierverf thnt lonff fhrfnrt-s
of flame wo«ld farm and that minor
In legislating for industrial safety
it is a sound principle to forbid dangerous practices when such_restriction
does not entail undue hardship to the
community, in other words, when tbe
remedy would not prove' worse than
the .disease. Such irestriction must
logically ibe of. a tentative ' nature,
based up"on the circumstances exist-
infr—at—l\it-t- Hpus-an/l- *a?ith-a_v-i*aii,_+rt_if e_
A,L-fc0-'ww— v i.a 9m* — vi ua--^/—»-*i**\-k—if «wutui—t avii—*m,v~ avw
modification in case it should-no longer be needed in order to secure safety, says the Colliery., Guardian.
IA safeguard once imposed' is generally,removed with considerable reluctance, and not without Irrefutable evidence that it can. be finally dispensed
with, however plausible the plea may
be. This attitude on the part of the
government is by no means unreasonable, for the responsibility Is a great
one, and delay possesses considerable
attraction.
When means, has been devised for
securing greater safety, which not
only render the existing safeguards
unnecessary but actually incompatible with new conditions, the circumstances are entirely different, and the
situation miiBt ibe faced with reasonable promptitude.
A situation of this description hns
recently arisen ln the case of the
method of dealing with miss-fires In
coal mines.
■Tho Introduction Into mines of the
use of exploslvos, early ln the nineteenth century, necessarily cnrrled
with It new sources of danger, the ono
which first attracted Borlous attention
being tho liability of blown-out BhotB
to Initiate explosions of fire-damp; at
that tlmo tho danger of (conklust explosions was not contemplated.
■It' Ih easy to understand that accidents of a cntast'ropho character, like
explosions, should havo become moro
prominent, especially as, beforo 1850,
thoro was no obligation upon colliery
owners to report, tho occurrence of nc-
cldoutB of nny description. Novortho-
Iorh, tho bulk of tho fatal and tion-
rutnl accidents In mines In (IiIh country nro duo to lens obtrusive cnuHcs,
Among thoRO Ib tho danger attendant
Accidents in coal mine's have been
popularly featured in the newspapers
until the reading public may be par-
pardoned for believing that the coal
miner follows- the most dangerous of
occupations. The truth is that his calling is safe when compared with many
others.
Take farming, for instance. The
average farmer runs nearly ten times
as many chances of being killed while
at work as the coal miner does, according to German statistics. American statistics are not so complete as
those of Germany, but it is safe to as-
Tume^tharAmeflca^farm^s~are"inTrs*
much danger as thos*e„'of Germany, for
they, use more machinery than is used
in Germany/ u
• ''Analysis of GovernmentBureau statistics show that the number of coal
miners killed In 1912 per thousand
empioyed was 3.15. The ration of lives
lost anions Gloucester fishermen was
11.7 per thousand employed. Railroad
trainmen are killed at the rate of 7.46
per thousand employed. Trainmen run
nearly two and one-half times the risk
that coal miners do.
In the metal mines the accident rate
is higher than In coal mines. In 1911,
when the death rate in coal mines was
3.73 per thousand, the rate in .metal
mines was 4,14.' As there were an
average of 348 men employed in the
coal mines 'thkt year there would have
been 3,056 lives lost ln coal mines at
tho metal-mine rate, whereas the actual death roll of coal mlnorB was 2,719,
■^ According to reports published by
tho'Bureau of Mines If id'wero possible
to gather all statistics relating to
metal-mine accidents the death rate
would bo considerably htghoro whilo
statistics of conl-mlno accidents nro
complete, This makes tho showing
for tho conl mines all tho moro favorable, According to tho Bureau of
'Mines tho number of mon klllod In
coal mines in 1912 wna tho least slnco
1900, and tho doath rato por thousand
was tho smallest since 1890, Tho numbor of tons of coal produced in proportion to tho numbor of men klllod was
tlm greatest on record. "Those facts
offer indisputable evidence that conditions tending toward safety in coal
mining nro Improving, and that coal Ib
now being mined with Iorb danger
than over boforo."—• Pho Coal nnd
Coko Oporator nnd Fuel Magazine.
GLADSTONE LOCAL,     -„
..-  "No..2314'     '*-, '■'-':. .
r Meet fii'st and third Fridays,
Miners' Hall, Ferule; second and.
fourth .Fridays, Club; Hall, Coal;
Creek.- Sick Benefit attached.,
-      ,, T. Uphill, ;sei
Fernie, B.C.     '•"   '     ' '     '"
ft
HOSMER LOCAL     •
No. ,2497    .
Meet every .Tuesday evening In
the Athletic Hall at 7.30..   Sick
. Benefit Society In connection.
"'"  TV. Balderstone, Sec.
Box 63, Hosmer, B: C. s ■ *•   *■
MICHEL LOCAL
,    No. 2334 l
Meet every Sunday , afternoon
at, 2 o'clock In Crahan's • Hall.
Sick Benefit Society attached.
H. Elmer, Sec.
PARK LOCAL
No, 1387     ,
, '  Meet every Sunday.   Sick and
Accident Benefit Society attached. •'' '      i'
N. D. Thachuk, Sec.
Canmore, Alta.
HILLCREST LOCAL
No. 1387 ,   '
Meet second and fourth Sunday
in1 month. Sick and Benefit Society attached.
' J. Gorton!1 Sec.
CARBONDALE LOCAL
No. 2227
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. ln the Opera House,
Coleman.
.  J. Mltchell.-Sec.
Box 105, Coleman.
.    BANKHEAD LOCAL
No. 29
' Meet every Tuesday evening at
. 7 o'clock 'in the Bankhead Hall.
Sick and Accident Benefit Fund
attached. •
Frank Wheatley, Fln/'sec.
Bankhead, Alta.
COALHURST LOCAL
No. 1189      _,"'',
Meet  every  Sunday  afternoon
In" Miners' Hall,  2.30.      ,   ■
Frank Barrlngliam, Sec.
Box'112. Coalhurst P. O.
..'-■' COLEMAN^ LOCAL
;'/ .. ':  ' No. 2683 ;, -;   "
Meet every other" Sunday, generally second ahd fourth Sundays
ln the month.*   '
, , .„.   "J. Johnstone, Sec'
PASSBURG LOCAL
No. 2352 " ,
Meet every second and fourth i
Sunday ,of each month at 2 p'.m. '
In Slovak Hall.   Sick Benefit Society attached.
Thos. G. Harries, Sec,
Passburg, Alta.        ?    '        '
BURMIS LOCAL
No..949
Meet every second and fourth ,
Sunday of each month at 10 a,m.
tn School House,' Burmis, Nij-SIck
Society. >    *
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
Passburg, Alta. ' .   .
MAPLE LEAF LOCAL
No. 2829
Meet every first and third Sunday of each month at 10 'a.m. ln
Union Hall, Maple Leaf. Ko Sick
Society.    .""  .
Thos. G. Harries, Sec.
.Passburg, Alta. ,
LETHBRIDGE LOCAL'
No. 431
Meet every "Wednesday evening .
at 7.30 in Miners' Hall, 12th Avenue North..
-L. Moore, Sec.-Treas.'
BELLEVUE LOCAL
■    .'     No. 431    '
Meet every alternate Sunday at
2.30 p.m. in the Socialist Hall.
,    - "        James Burke, Sec.
Box 36, Bellevue,' Alta;
BEAVER CREEK LOCAL
No. 481,
1 Meet every Sunday at 3 o'clock
p.m.       '" ,'   .
John Loughran, Sec.
CORBIN LOCAL
No. 2877
. Meet every second Sunday at 2
o'clock in the Club Hall. Sick
Benefit Society attached.
John Jones,, Sec.
'-Corbin, B. C.
■jltlf»ft8\t?8(mWMKft8<rit<t«^
^/ohn-Air^MvBonarld—
FIRE INSURANCE
. Special'Representative -
Sun,Life Assurance Oo. of Canada
Agent
Singer Sewing Ma chine
$2.00 jper month   '
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Altaj .
Best oj Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A. CLAIR   ' :-.• - Proprietor
H. G. G00DEVE CO, Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wc will furnish your houso from collar to garret
and at bottom prices. Call; Write, Phono or
Wiro,    All   orders given   prompt attention,
Coleman, -        Alta.
If you aro satisfied tell othors,   J f not satisfied toll ,us
!. ... _ _ ___*_ _____
Steam Heated Throughout
Electtlc'Lighted
THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L, GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel
RatM $2.50 per Atvf '
With Private Bath f 3.00
of the City
Fire Proof Sample
Rooma in Connection
At the Or.nd Tli***!* N«vt Friday vMtr auiplet* of LO.O.M.
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property ,;V A.h. ';' ''-'*■.:'-» *'" '':,.: A.
■-■kAX-Xf:
'"' A j. -
-' tt," 'A* r ."'J.t\
•A 7-A'S-.' .- .->•> ,y
\
.'7-V-'-'
THE DISTRICT iJBDGB# FERNIE,  B. C, OCTOBER 25, 1913.
PAGE SEVEN
TheHcrtiel
One of. the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM    • Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
■i .v.
P. Garosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
DryCoods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings    .
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   b!c.
Imitations
IS^^fi^isold on the
^S2Ki Ments of
.-uHiTBD-.HI Minard's
Liniment
Femie-Foft Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Jm.
For our Foreign Brothers
SPOJENIM HAVIAROM V AMERIKE
Imdianapolis, Ind., Oktobra 10ho, 1»13.
Ku predstavenim a udom Spojenich
Havlarojr t Amerike.   -
iPozdra-v: Praca s' organize vanlm v
nespoienich ciastkach non-unioa section) v Amerike posla surcitostu a
sptohvalnim visietkom. Oes presly rok
vised jak stlry «to novych doma-cl-ch
bolo zalozeno a viacej jako jedon sto
tlsic udov ipristalo do Jednoty nasej:
'Medzinarodna Tabula, na Jej sehoud-.
zy odbivanej v hlavnej iniestnoSty zap-
ocalfcej na -Septembra 30hu tir. a dokon-
cenoj v.Oktobry 3tom po pozorldvom
obozreary postavenia, jednohlasne tos-
hodla na pokracovany. peknej prace
ktora sa sroblla v -Coliorado, -West Virginia, Kentucky, Vancouver Ostrove a,
kd*o,lnd«j.' V Colorado nadovaatko tl«
sice musklchv zensklch a dietok bolo
vlchnano sich budunkov. Owi terks bid-
la' pod satraml zadovazeniml skros na-
su organlzaoiu Zlrna nasleduje cvo ne-
sl« zo sebov na nlch 4alste obety a
trapenia. My muslme icb krmit, zaodi-
eval a starat sa o tlchto zniuzillch mu-
bov zenskle a dletky ktor/ sa bora tak
huzovnMje al zmuzlle a zato daly erne
upomteku na inajaitdlov dolov ze mi
nepoYollme aby nasi strajkujucl bratia
a deb faqjllle.skros chlad boly prtau-
tony na Ich volu. \"
Do itohoto casii Medzinarodna Tabula i<oshodla a navchuje to abi udstvo
blasovalo na dalsu terajsu prlrasku po
pad-etsiat centy od kasdlcbo uda mes-
acne ipofcim sa stavloa v ktorej nasa or-
garcissairsia je. teras zapletena sa nesko-
nol sdobrim vlsledkom.
Red zladame Domace Jednoty hlaso-
vat aby sa pokracovalo stimto prifcras-
kom, M'edzinarodna-^ Tabula very .toho
ze" ona len vam predklada ,pred vaa
prosby Otcbv.Matiek a nevinich dietok
ktorich domacnosli su siatre ktorie ate
im Vy daly."    '_
' Ony su isty ze Vy^im ueodopriete dch
prosby. Oiiy su isty'ze ked si predstav
ite obras neviniclio dietatka ktorie
trpia tmadzl^'sn-ebom pokritimd Vireh-
aml v Colorado ze prlspejete zaras zo
srdca a jednohlasne na icb volanie.
.Pamartajbe ze hikdo by nebol spok-
ojnl abi site odroclly toto naruzivie
navrhovauaov' Merzinatfodnej Tabule
okrem majitelov tich dolov. Ony len
sami by kcely aby site odrocily penaz-
itej podpore.. Otaska je, ci vy budeto
pomiahat majl-telom dolov skros hlas-
ovanlo oproty iMedxinarodnej Tabule
navrihovaniu abo ci vy .pomouzete va-
slm strajkujucim bratom a ich famil-
Ian skros Masovania za Tabule nav-
rhom?-(
Dama«I Zapisnlcy zrobla kroky na-
tom aby dch Domaca J«duota hlasovatla
na PQtvrdena navrhovace skros 'Med-
zlnarodnu Tabulu-aby sa terajsle pri-
rasky padealac oenty od uda na meslac
pokracoraly pokial sa stavka ktora je
na rukoch neckbnclla sdobrim visled-
kom vo Stvrtok dna 231u Oktobra lftl3
a odoslu visledok totidh hlasov aby
ony mohli so dostavtl do tohoto offlcu
nie neskorej jako do 29ho Oktobra.
My Va'S ulstujime ze itotu iprirasku
shodime seras po vlhirany stavky Do-
macy Zapisnlcy odoslu visledok hlasov
vzatlch na zaobalenom harku v forme
v addrasoranej koverre.
My  naruzivo ^ napomlname   nasloh
udov aby laskavo hlasovaly na nav-
•rcho vanie Merzlnarodnej Tabula.
,   Vasy .oddany, •
JOHN 'P. WHITE, Preseda"
prosperity o£ the laborers. It was no
use tinkering, all the conditions of the
monopoly 'must be recast but on a
business footing before considering
the "purchase of the land, which might
involve „an enormous endowment of
the present owners and, burden the
community with .debt which would
take a long time to liquidate.
The system must* be changed, he
continued, and greater facilities given
to the state to acquire land on terjis
fair to the community as well as to
the owners.
DUBLIN
SUFFERS
FROM LABOR WAR
Miners' Federation Will Aid Strikers
IMMORTALITY
' It Is becoming Increasingly hard to
find where death achieves its victory.
Man "has perfected a hundred devices
to perpetuate his mortal acts. ' His
voice ds caught on rolling disks, and
held imperishable for the ears of his
grandchildren. Gestures of his hands,
the pantomime of his face, are recorded on films that can be laid away for
a century and then unspun and projected on screens. If the breath of his
body and his chance actions are so
worthy of long continuing, then his
spirit—that .is finer than they—may be
even more persisting, a-nd impress itself on what is more durable than wax.
If death cannot carry away into oblivion the tones of his voice nor his play
of expression, it does not become us" to
doubt that death does not scabteT spirit 'beyond recall, nor altogether end
what was so ardent.
COMPENSATION   FOR
CONSUMPTION    IN
MINERS'
S.'   AFRICA
I
COLEMAN
Liquor Co;
Wholesale Dealers in'
Wines
n
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Nowhera In the Pan cnn be
found In such ■ display oi
Meats
We have the beet money
oan buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal) Poultry, Butter,
Egge, Pith, "Imperator Hami
•nd Bacon" Lard, 8auiagai,
Welners and Bauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CAUL
Calpry Cattle Go.
Phone M
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A; McDougall, Mgt
r
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
'■ An act that came into force in the
Transvaal on August 1, 1912,' makes
provision for the payment of compensation to_ miners suffering from miners' phthisis. The compensation is
*given~urider~x-rtro^cJasse"sTss(l^**Tho?e"
cases where the miners' capacity< for
work' is not seriously or permanently
impaired; and (2) the more serious
cases when it is so impaired. Those
in the/ first category are entitled to
receive 'eight pounds a month for a
period not exceeding a year, and those
In the second eight pounds per month
up to an aggregate not exceeding 400
pounds, unless the amount. Is extended by the Board.,, In the case of native laborers compensation is awarded on th© same scale as in the case
Oi accidents under the Native Labor
Regulations Act, 1911, the disease being treated as an occupational one.
The compensation fund Is raised by
assessments on the mine owners'and
the miners.—The Coal and Coke Operator and Fuel Magazine.
TO END PARASITI8M
Lively, Feed
and Sale Stables
Pint olaia Horaea for Sale.
Buye Horaea on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Ledger" adv. Is an
Investment.
er need the tollers plod on day by day
with no hope of a better and brighter
future. The tollers will take possession" of the world and use it for the
benefit of those who live by the sweat
of their brows.^
Those who think, see in the not distant future, a time when those who
sow and reap shall not be pillaged by
a large part of that which they produce. They see . time when Christ's
kingdom shall be established right
here on this earth. Peace on earth,
good Willi to men shall prevail. Swords
shall be beaten into plowshares and
spears into pruning hooks. Nation
shall not -lift sword against nation;
neither shall they learn war any more.
The workers will use the ibrains they
were given to use. Women will enjoy
equal rights with man. All the human
race will be .free-to develop to the
fullest extent possible. The worker
receiving full value for his labor power will ibe able to buy. more of the necessities, thus stimulating industry as
never before. 'There will'be',enough
and more than enough for' all who are
useful.- The capitalist,'the slave and
soldier will disappear together.   The
ji»torid^wiii_be-trulj^free^—Workcrs+Hs?^—'
speed the'day:    . -    •
■Take off your chains of ignorance.
Step out Into the light of justice, brotherhood and equality of opportunity.
In freeing yourselves you free the
world.—-.Cotton's.
LONDON, Oct. 23.—Dublin is being
ruined by the continuance, of the
transport war, which is now in its
fifth week. -Peace negotiations having failed, each side is drawing on Its
final resources. Labor now hopes for
wider Imperial support, especially
from Canada.
Trade Is paralyzed, ships lie Idle at
the wharves, and. the quays are piled
with merchandise. Shopkeepers loiter
idly, their customers having no
money.,
The plight of the poorer section of
the population" is dreadful, 100,000
men, women and children, or one-third
of the-city's population, being on the
verge of starvation. "  '
Pitiful Scene
Rain fell heavily ln the city yesterday, intensifying the misery of the
strikers and their wives and children,
huddling together for warmth. A
crowd of girls and (boys lined up at
the Liberty Hall, headquarters of the
Irish Transport Union, to receive a
dole of soup and bread.
The food .which has come in the relief ships is the only thing which has
kept many of the families from actual
death by starvation, and any cessation
of these supplies would be followed
by indescribable misery. As it Is,
strangers are dogged by children and
beggars, who Implore the price of a
imeal without hesitation and without
relaxation. Other children, more fortunate than these, are to be seen staggering home through the driving rain,
with sacks of potatoes and groceries
from the ship stores.
The decision of the Miners' Federation to contribute ?5,0(>0 a week is
hailed with joy by the strikers, whose
confidence that with English support
they will overcome their employers
has never been seriously shaken.
LLOYD GEORGE OPENS CAMPAIGN
Would Pay Laborer Before .Parson-
Land Monopoly Must be Recast-
Game Preserves Reduced—Chancellor Greeted With Wild Enthusiasm.
BOOM  IN OIL LAND
STRIKES CALGARY
Discovery   at   Okatoks   Sends   Prices
'   Soaring—Walts Week" to File
N Claims  ■■    ., -,.-
OAjLGARY, Alta., Oct. 21.—Calgary
is in the throes of an incipient- oil
List of Locals District 18
It Is not without deep significance
that tho discovery of pnraslte germs
as tho chief cause of disease should
come at tho same tlmo tlmt the workors of tho world c(ame to a realization
that their poverty wns tho result of
parasltos that wero feeding upon
tlicm, ° '
The workers have caught tho vision
ot an ending of pnraBltlsm and consequently of. tho ond of poverty. Thoy
nro working along practical lines to
accomplish that result.
.Bacteriologists llkewluq , hnvo visions of bolng ablo to destroy tho In-
vlslbJo parasites thnt feed" upon tho
body -and of thus" ending disease. Paul
IShrllch, tho groat bacteriologist, snj'B
that Ib a possibility.
Tho enlightened worker soon that
the oiullng ot human imranltlbm and
with that tho elimination ot poverty
cnn como only through tx concerted or
social offort, Honco wo havo Socialism ns a propngnnda nnd a method,
The medical scientist also mnkoH
appeal (to tho stato m tho only force
able to copo Avith tho Invisible para-
sltos. 'Working bo, ho has alroady
chocked tho powor of yollow fovor nnd
Ib getting a grip on the throat of tuberculosis and. various othor (IIbohbob,
■Parasitism! That Itvtho groat causo
of tho world'n suffering, Scientists are
■becoming ngrood as to that, Know-
lodge of this fact Is n great stop toward n cure. And tho cure for jtoverty
and for most of tho diseases that havp
afflicted tho world is in RlRht.—Appcal
to Itonson,
•Nd. U.iHi* ii.tit «uta r, o, n-uurc**
iif liAUkhuati t\ Hhealley, liauMutitl, Alta.
481 Beaver Crook ,.J, Lougbran, Beaver Crook, vJa Pinch or, Alta.
421 Bellevue  James -Burke. Box 3d, Bellevue. Alta.
2185 Blairmore W, L, Evans, Blalrmoro, Alta.
040 Burmis. ;,. T, O, Harries, Passburg, Alta.
?9?7 Pir'hft-n-flnln     .... T    M'fMmll    P-ir>-<*>>*n,f"ilft    P-M-ft-min     Mt fl.
1387 Canmore. N. D. Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.
36S3 Coloman,, ,,, J, Johnstone, Coleman, Alta.
S877 Corbin J, Jones, Corbin, B. C,
lies Chinook Mines Jas, Homo, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
3178 Diamond City ,J. B. Thornhlll, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
iiii Vomit, ;' Thos, Uphill, Fernlo, B, O,
ISM Frank ( Rvsn Moron, Frank, Alta.
2497 Hosmer ,.,,W, Haldwstone, Hosmor, U. C,
1058 Hlllcrest Js*. Gorton. TllUemt, Alta.
R74 Lethbridge. L, Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N, Lethbridge,
1189 Lethbridg* ColllsriM.. Frank Bsrrlngham, Coalhurst, Alta,
U29..Mapl« Laaf.........,.T, C, Harries, Passburg, Alta.
8384 , Michel II, Flmor, Michel, B, C
14 Monarch Mines  Wm. Hjrnd, Blcsn P, O., Taber, Alta,
1J58 Paaabniy  T, C, Harries, Passbnrg, Alta.
MM Rufnf VMr tln-t, Juntan, Itcysf tfoHforfes, F.etftFjrMffi*, Attn,
108 Tat»r. A. Pattaraoa, Taber, Alta.
ON THROUGH THE NIGHT
The nun shines. Thn grass nnd
flowers aro enjoying \fie sun. Yet wo
are lu the u\ld». oi uiniii,', iiow
strange such a staietnent sounds. But,
pray, do not question my sanity. Allow mo to explain.
Justice mm well be compared to
♦hn 1W>it  /it Aty   «»>iMf> lnJiioM/*.** miy
well iio compared to thcu shades of
night Virtue, brotherhood, and pence
may well be symbolised by , licit,
while prostitution, competition and
war may well be compared to tho
darkness of night injustice, crime
end prostitution iabound whlto fnr
away in the Balkans a terrible war
scourges the earth with flro and
sword. Am I not right th*n In saying
that we are living tn tho night or espi
(talism and we ara waiting for tbe day
of brotherhood and justice lo dawn?
As day. by day through the Ions
night of capitalism we fight out the
erflfl* titmztfi* for ftfafenco, Socialism cornea to light ib* way.  No long-
, LONDON, Oct. 21.—The campaign
to free British land from landlordism
and get the peoplo back on lt was
opened today nt Bedford by Right
Hon. David Lloyd George, the chancellor of tho exchequer, who.was accorded a great reception. Extraordinary precautions had 'been taken
against tho militant suffragettes and
other posslblo disturbers of the meeting, Barricades had beon erected and
tho local pollco reinforced, while tho
flro brigade was ln readiness to use
Its hoso on tho roof and ln the' garret
of the linll to Bpy out tho "wild womon," who, It, was suspected, would
try to repeal the tactics thoy had previously adopted,
"Landlordism Is tho greatost monopoly ln this land tho pooplo nro trusting ln tho government to put forth
Its strong right hand to Hfo thorn from
tho mire," waB Lloyd George's opening
sontcnoo.
Sponklng of tho powors of tho landlord, Mr, George Bald:
"Tho authority of tho sovereign Is
not compnnVblo to thnt of tho landlord ovor li In Hiihjoctfl. Ho could
make and maintain a wilderness and
ho Ima locnl authority to do more than
a foreign onomy could ImpoBo on tho
country nftor n conquest, In Ireland
millions hnvo boon drlvon nwny from
tho land by legal process,"
The chnncollor disclaimed nny desire to attack landlords as a cIuhb
hut ho said thnt human beings of overy clnss could not ho trusted with
such swooping powers without nhuso,
oppression and Injustice arising nnd it
wns nocosflnry to deprive landlords of
tho power or repenting whnt had Imp
punod In Irolnnd, In tlio highlands of
Scotland nnd nlxowlipro.
..Mr. Lloyd floorgo proceodod to toll
of tho "glinstty failure" of the land
system of Groat Britain, whero ho
said tho porcontngo of tho cultivated
Innd wns lowor thnn in any other
country of Europe. Ho nllrlbutod thia
to the "fatuous nnd, unbusinesslike"
UluUioun ul »<nj i-miu-ioiuti.
Thn iij/rh-ultnnil laborers of tbr
British Tslos, ho Rnld, rocclvod lowor
pny and workod longer hours than
any. othor. ft was, ho declared, a
scandnl that 0 per cent of tho farm
Inborm of this country are ln wcclpt
of a iwilo of living lower than that of
the poor house.
"Much os 1 love tho parson," he
said, "I would pay tht) laborer first
It is no wonder that scores of the
thousands are fleeing across the seas
from such a isnd of mean bondaw."
Tho chancellor, ln unfolding tbo
government's scheme for tha improvement of the Isnd system, pointed out
that tae financial aid of the state
would hsve to be invoked In order to
d«ul firmly, thoroughly and drastically with the monopoly.
Mr. Uoyd George added lhat the
country mint chivw* ibttiwnnn the
power of the landowner* and  the
boom; I^jliowinftlfe-rumofs "of ~"a"
strike in the Dingman well inthe Okatoks district several days ago, and
which those associated with Mr. Dingman refused to discuss, 'Mr. Dingman
gave out a statement in which he says
that oil of a very high specific grav-
lty,-has been struck In. well No. 1-of
the Calgary .Petroleum Products company, of which he Is the managing director. He also says that that quality
equals,' if it does not excel, tho finest
grades of oil .found In any oil territory.
Ho adds that while oil has not been
encountered ln commercial quantities,
the company is very much encouraged
and ls sanguine us to'the ultimate result. .
The Dominion land offlco was .besieged this morning by a largo number of men, who stood In line on the
steps o'f tho building In tho snow
storm all night In the hope of filing
on a leasehold. Tho samo condition
has obtained, to a less degreo, for "tho
past 10 days. Ono man, who has waited on the steps of tho Innd offlco for
tho past two weeks, sleeping nnd taking his meals there, was rewarded iby
securing a leasehold in tho neighborhood of the Dingman holdings,
Thero nro only two companies operating In tho district, tlio Cnlgary Petroleum Products compnny,"which ls
down 1,500 ft., and tho Sogur-McDou-
gall company, somo mllos away,1 and
whoso .drill Is down about 1,800 ft.
Tho city Ib full of stories of deals
In loaBoholdfl. One clorlc who filed on
a quartor soctlon two wookB ago, Is
snid to lmvo rocolved $8,000 In cash
and a substantial Interest In tho compnny which wns formod this wook for
tlio pxplnltntlon of tho proporty.
Ulghts thnt woro hoUI two woftk« ngo
st $10 por ncro aro now bolng hold In
hundreds.
■Whon tho slaves of tho old South ro-
bsllod, all they had to contoml wklt
wnn a whip tind n fow bloodhounds.
Wo do tilings In no such clumsy milliner todny. Tho slavoB of tho south
wcyrtj valuahlo to tliolr maHtorn, Todny
■slaves nro plentiful, nud tho mnstors
jilmply turn a lot, of hired iuurdo<,itr»
with miic'hliio Kims, rifles mnl hnyon-
uts loo so on tho hIiivoh, Tho least show
ot rosUtuiici), and tlmv nro mowud
down llko grain boforo tho harvesting
much hut, Thew l« no fomo hark, thoy
nro dond dogs nnd no min tako, Tlio
law t*t tho iniiKtocH Ih a funrful and
wonderful thing.
If your union Ih not properly con-
ducted It Is tho fault of tho member-
Hhlp, Your organization Is whntover
the mnmlmrshlfi mnkf-H It—good or
bnd, strong or weak, insignificant nr
puwuriul. <ucuiu|)u(i:ia oiiuuin inili*
culo an Incompetent nn'-nibprshli)—Incompetent through noullgpncn or lack
of ability, but Inrompntnnt novortho-
loss. If your union doesn't amount
tt*   <inv»Viifw»   ilnn't   Mimf"  IV10   lnbor
movemont. It Is tho fault of your
own membership, and tho difficulty
can only bo romodlod by that membership, Good Samaritans (inn lift It
up temporarily, hut lt can only stay
up If it has a membership willing to
mshhrtn. It In fh* position, Whining
about lack of assistance rrom othors
will do no good, so rut out complaint
of this character and go nt it your-
•elf, -That Is V*** only way to succeed.
"i Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-Similes of Prof. Geo. A., Garlow
m^/^^E^m
Bald at 26
Restored at 30.     Still have it at 55
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A' NICE FULL HEALTHY head ot hair on a clean and healthy scalp, tree
from Irritation, or a bald head and.a diseased and Irritably scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.
SCALES ON. THE SCALP or an Itchy irritation is positive proof your hair
and scalp Is in a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the followlngParastlcIal Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter,, Alopecia, or Bxcema)
and certain to result ln absolute baldness unless cured before the germ
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness nnd the loss ot balr is absolutely  unnecessary and very  unbecoming'.
ALL DISEASES OP THE HAIR fade away like dew under my scientific
treatment, and 1 poslttely have the only system of treatment so far
known to. science that ls positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting now.growth. The hair can be fully restored
to Its natural thickness and vitality on aU heads that still show fine hair
or fuzz to prove the roots are not dead. ■*
1 HAVES A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment (WRITE TO-DAT) for
question blank and full particulars. Enclose stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and terms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
permanent >
' "Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Tears Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The  World's Most Scientific ffair .and Scalp Specialist
ROOM 1, WELDON BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Gall in and
see us once
lOHNPODBIELANCIKrPfopT
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
We Are Ready to Scratch .
off your bill any Item of lumber not
found Just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you \raul spruce we,do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those ,who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
here.
IENNEDL&,_MANGA1
— Dealers In —   ,
Lumber-,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash' and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorized ..    $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up        6,925,000
Reierva and Undlvld- Total Assets      72,000,000
cd Profits       8,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
BRANCHE8   IM   0RITI8H COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Qold   en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN, Manafler
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR IJDMUND WAI.KKR, C.V.O,, I.L.J)., D.C.L.. Prenldent
ALEXANDER I.AIRD JOHN AIRD
General Manauer Assistant General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000        REST, $12,500,000
TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES
Issued by Tho Canadian Hanlc of Commerce ennble tho traveller to
provide himself with funds without dclriy at each point of his journey in
a convenient yet inexpensive manner. They are issued payable in every
country in thc world in denominations of
$10,   $20,   $50,  $100,  $200
with the exact equivalent In the moneys of the jprincinnl countries itnted
on the face of each cheque.   They ore economical, absolutely n*fe self-
identlfyinp and easily negotiated. g.s
L. A. 8, DACK, MSn»0«r, PERNIF  BRANCH
OffiOiMALI opLA.
OHARTKN • OD«*
SMMsGure
BUIWM  I16M COU«M*», CU*lft COCO*,
nuuAM tm ynwokv ano < unq«. •• eu»t»
UHE n      ii
nUMtDANPbANAUA
Transact your business In Ihe way of paylnjf and rec«t¥lng
money through the H»nV, P«y your current accounts by
chwjut, collect money owin^ you by drawing upon your
debtor and male* your remliuncet by mon*jr order,        «■,
Mtao wick *«• TrtOftNTft  {*««• ma»oh
MANOHie AND CONNIoriONt THUOUQWOUT OAMAOA
J. T. MACDONALD, Managor
VrOTORIA AVI., -I- .1. FIRNIR, B.O. ~ \ tsa -^ % *-,    ^' <*. .,-' *.i. .*-
H -
■LSi*
t*-1**1
IH.
N
p
I
I.
k
h*1
F
ll
■I.
! s
At
PAGE EIGHT.
THE DISTRICT LEDQEB,^ flERNIE, /$.-: C.t OCTOBER 25, 1913^
yx'-'-s y x^yp-yy- -\'.-i'^?^. ■-* ..•->   A'-XtAAA^Pi    XS;y *XaA■'•'■--Xy - y^TX •"':r'1 "*-7XX*&Sl
""-''   yy.'AA 'X^yX] . v^'^;--:""' " "% {^^J7^'><X^"X[yXXS*X:A'xA -'■•■':'yi\'''f'X-'."'; ■'"•--' y)
ftiov- \a-'x   - :; yi'-yy ,-'-'   '77 " pA7.A:A''--Aj.>)yX7'  Ah-X7,,X-: X:., .-^-xa ^ X^nyA.   ,-."-*,
r
OUR LADIES'
DEPARTMENT
Afternoon and
Evening Dresses
Our stook of afternoon ancl evening dresses is
complete. We are showing all the latest styles and
colors at exceptionally low prices. These Dresses
are hand finished and are superior in style and fit
to any line we have shown'. "We have forty distinct
styles with only one of each in the house. The line
takes in Lace, Silk, Satin, Chiffons aijd Crepe de
, Chene. i
Prices $20.00 to $50.00 each
Fall & Winter Suits
, Specially Priced at $15.00 each
There are just a dozen Suits, cut in the latest
styles, finished with silk and satin linings.   The
sizes are from 16 to 38 trast measure.   Every Suit
in the lot worth from $18.50 to $22.50.
Saturday Special, each $15.00
Corsets
Our Corset stock is complete with all the new
models. We carry all sizes in Nemo, D and A, P C
andPD.
Prices $1.00 to $6.50
Cashmere Hose
Made with high spliced heel and, toe and full
fashioned. They are fast color and come in sizes
8i/2 to 10. .
Saturday Special, per pair 25c
y
NEW PLAIDS AND CHECKS FOR CHILDREN'S
DRESSES
We are showing a line of'-novelty Plaids and
Checks for Children's Dresses in all colors. They
arc 36 inches wide and fast color.
Priced for Saturday at, per yard 25c
-\.-,', - -j .
A FEW SPECIALS
IN MEMS SWEATERS
Saturday Specials at the Big Store are attracting-
more attention each week. The week end values we
offer are genuine money savers. This Saturday we
UAe AMcnawt cwuf.
DUNNV1LU CAN.
BUFFALO. N.Y.
will sell new Pall lines of Sweaters, made with convertible'  collar  or  shawl   collar;   colors,   Green,
Brown, Grey or Maroon. Regular values $3.50 and-
" $4.00. "
Special at $2.50
Men's heavy all wool ribbed Underwear, double'
breasted, all sizes 34 to 44.  ,
Special at $1.75 per Suit
Men's heavy wool Sox.   Regular 40e per pair.
0   Men's extra heavy roll neck Sweaters, all colors
I    and sizes.   Regular $2.50 and $2.75.    ;
Special $1.50
GROCERY :
IMPARTMEIVT
WEEKLY GROCERY BULLETIN
. Boys' Jerseys, all sizes, in plain cashmere or ribbed, made .-in Navy, Brown, Green "and Cardinal,
button on shoulder.
Special Saturday from 75c to $1.50   ,
Mens Sox
' . Special Saturday, 4 pairs for.$1.00   .
Men's,Black Cashmere Sox (any size). . Regular
35c per pair." ,
,   Special 4 pairs for $1.00
Fresh Killed Chicken ....".. per lb.
Sago .'. /. :  4 lb.
Lima Beans ' ' ■ 4 lbs.
Two ih One Polish •.. ~.  3 for .
Kellog's Corn Flakes .V.,  3for
Braid's Best Coffee, fresh ground ...:. 3 lbs.
Fry's Cocoa  y_ lb. tin
Lowney's Cocoa y2 lb. tin
Heinz's Tomato Catsup, pints ....?.... each
Heinz's New Packed Dill Pickles ..:. per doz.
Heinz's Pork and Beans in sauce; med. size, 2
Heinz's Tomato Soup ....'. small tins
Kelowna Peaches, 2 lb. tins  2 for
Kelowna Tomatoes .." 2-lb. tins,
Kelowna Beans1-.. / 2 lb. tins
Standard Peas, 2 lb. tins ..;. each
. Sweet Wrinkle -Peas ,.'....." 2 tins
Tiger Brand Pine Apple, 2 lb. tins \. 2 for.
Cedar Raisins ..,.".. .* .2 packets
Fresh Cranberries ''1 ;. 2 lbs. for;
Prairie Pride Flour .._ 98 lb. sack .1
■ Crosse & Blackwell Jam 4 lb. tins
Swift's Silver Leaf Lard'.  5 Ibl tins t
Red Cross Pickles, 20 oz '.. each'
Paragon Pickles, 40 oz;.. .* each1
Japan Rice ..'. -.-.'...-.': 9 lbs.
Toilet Soaps, assorted .... ?  8 bars
Nugget Tar Soap  6 bars,
Tetley's Tea, Yellow -label : per lb.
Tetley's Tea, Green Label .  per lb.
Tetley's Tea, Brown L^bel 3 lb. tins
Imperial Jelly Powder ..". 6 packages
Gold Standard Vinegar ".-.'..•— quarts
Men's Shoes
.' Special display of new Fall and Winter Footwear.' The latest will be seen here in Men's Gun
Metal, Vici' Kid or Patent Shoes.- We carry the
best makes, Invictus and Just Wright':" Ask to see.
our viscolized Shoes for the coming winter reason.
Special lines for Saturday selling will.be shown in
our Shoe Department. ",   -      -   ._'  ~ ,
,, i.
~Money=Sav=
ing Prices
V
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK
m
The Ladles' Guild aro giving a dance
on Thursday, November 6th.
Don't cook for Hallowe'en, hut come
o/nd have dinner art: the 'Presbyiterlan
, Church. s
The Tiext meeting of the Ladies
Guild will bo held at Dhe homo of Mrs.
La we, on Wednesday, Octobor 29th.
Mr. M. E, Schofield has resigned
Trom P. Burns & Co., Ltd., to take up
a position on the staff of this paper.'
(Miss Coleman nnd Miss Thomas, of
tho local IhoBpltal staff, leavo for Calgary at the ond of the month.
iMt. Metcalfe, of Vancouver, was In1
the city ovor Thankflglvlng, looking
up old school frlonds. Shall wo forgot
It, Tommy?
W. A. Ingram Is ronov-atlng and re-
■covering hia .pool'-and .bllllwd (tables
wnd put/ting them tn first class condl-
tion.
Ratepayers, Monday, Octobor 27th,
la positively the last day on which discount Is flllowod on the 1013 taxes.
Only two moro dayB, so mako tlio City
Hall whilo that discount goes,
Noxt Sundny will be n special odu-
optional Day In tho'MothodlBt Church.
Tho lltov. 13. W, Btnp'lGf-ord," of Vancouver, Seoratmry of Education for
Methodism In B, C„ will bo tho preach*
or, Special music will bo rendered and
nil aro cordially Invited,
THE ASSIZES
(Continued from page one.)
A largo nudlonco gathered lant Friday ovonlng In tho Methodist Church
to honr1'Rov, Mr. Philp glvo IiIh lllus-
trnted locturo, "A Pllgrlmago through
P-nlotttln'o,'* For nn hour and a lialf
tho upenkcr hold the closest attention
of old and young with hl« vivid and
TOnllwtlc portrayal of Hconng In that
nnclont land, Tho explanation'In* Uio
.picturesque langiWKo of nn actual wlt«
tu»h« of cuHtnmn which linvo boon partially nnd obscurWy known to im rrom
childhood wn» to mnny a flood of light
on "familiar Incident* In'thnt historic
country, Tlio jrrnphln account of an
ndvonitumtis horsolmrk trip through
Syria and tho many Intei^Btlng comment* on modern condltloiis In Asiatic
Turliey mndo the lectnrtvono long to
bo remoujtieroa uy mi vino ii«ur«i it.
Mr. J, Cartlidge
Teacher of Piano
and Organ
MUSICAL THEORY
PjpHs Prepared for
Examiuat ons
Apply for torran to
BOX 538
or House No. 21, Wood St.
counsel as to what olalm he -toad on
tliu; woman, witness slated he had paid
her fare from the old couutry and
wanted hor arrested for leiavlng hlra.
At the conclusion of this witness' evl-
donee,' there was some conversation
between Ills Lordship and tlve .prosecuting counsel with roferenco to
'Charging Salvatorl with perjury.
Tine next witness was the foreman
of tho section gang at Rampant Junction, A. Pagurl. Questioned by Mr.
Mottaitt for the crown as Co what he
know about itho shcoblng, witness Rtat-
,od he wns putting a hand car in the
tool haute. He flaw tho woman a
little distance away and while lifting
the car off the track heard Uie first
sihot. .When the first shot was fired
the man staggered, at tho socond abet
ho foil en the dump, and itho third sh'ot
was flrod when deconsed was en the
ground, He saw ono man running
away; lie wont .to tho wounded man*,
whom ho did not know, Ho could not
rocognlao nccunod n» tho man who *,ran
away, but ho Identified tho woman.
The nvon wero about four, feet apmrt.
CroBsJoxiamlned by Mr. Wilson: The
men ,wero walldng down the track
whon be first saw -tiltem," but ho did
not know whnt thoy wore doing pro-
vl»U8 ito ttio flrat shot. Witness hoard
tho woman onll tho men back, AiBlred
whether he wiih present when deceased blinded over revolver te Salvadorl,
lie .replied In the negative.
The next witness, Tonl Guzzl, was
on lihe handcar with the provlous witness,
Crosmoxamlned by .MoffnM: Ho wa»
ivt Iho tool lioimn on the 10th Inst, at
Rampart; when ho saw the man and
woman »»t«,iwIJiiK by tlie noarost .tolo.
pliono imlo, whilo thoro woro two men
further on down the track, Ho took
no particular attention whon the first
ehot was fired, thinking it wan a torpedo. Wltmw practically oorrohor-
ntod the .previous toBtlmeny,
OrosB-oxamlnod by Wilson: Ho was
not looking whon tho first afoot was
flrod and ho could not any whether do-
censed wot* rolling down the bank or
lifld, roriclKKl the bottom whon the first
iiliot wn« fired.
Constable Colling wn* the next wit-
of inccuwod, Atnitin'R In answer to Mr.
,\lol law lhat ho wont to Wlntutmli,
.Montana, on Saturday ulghl and »a\v
iwlnonw ffot off No. 44 train and walk
up the town. Ho took stock of prison-
or, but wm* dubiou* n* to hl» Identity,
Tlm following morning lie again naw
tM*uM«t on Um *Wintt% wsm Iran twn w-
tkms gathered that ho xvm tx sttanger.
After carefully looking tho prlaonor
ovor lie called up tho ohlot of police of
WhlMtfteh nnd had tho man nrroHtod,
Upon reaching tho Jnll he was searched land a fully loaded automatic revolver containing 11 -shell*'And extra
cllpu, fully loaded, and some Hi or 11
rounds of ammunition were found upon him; also $135,00 In Mila. Tlicuo
w»o prodiMMsil In court iuul Idontlflod.
An Intorofttlng panwiuo nt arms oc-
■curwMl at this slagw with rf-f«-mi*e to
cautioning and Utf-MtlonlnR or prisoner
by iho police. Ills I^rclxhip refusing
to Admit ** evldenr* any <-env*c-r<mWo'n
the conttablo hnd with accused other
thnn wh«« w«* voluntarily Rivrn bync-
ai*ed. HI* Lorduhlp Rave as his i.u-
thorlty the n, C, Taw Report, stating
■positively that a constable could wot'
■arrest a man, caution tolm and then
question Mm.
Cross^ex-amined by Wilson, Constable Collins atajted tbiat accused struggled when arrested but attempted no
gun play. Mr. Ryan, police magistrate
of Caanbrook, gave evidence as to taking 'the dyilng deposition of deceased,
In whkfli ho accused Brani Cutrl of
shooting (him four times. TM* was
re-ad to the jury.
Tho court then adjourned fer lunch.
The count reconvened at 2.15 p.m.
Mr. Wilson called the prtaener, Bruno Cutrl, ix> tho witness stand, etating
that the defence was pttvoca&lon,
Accused .from the witness, stand
stated .that lie wan an Italian; (had
boen tn1 this country gome throe yearo,
and came from itho .southern pairt of
Italy. Ho first 'saw Mario Antonio In
OranbrOok last August. She waB living with Powiualo Zappia, Hor hus-
band Ib somowhoro ln Pennsylvania.
Iio admitted being with the woman Jn
Cranbrook, and htod given her.some
money that day—-hor train faro. Auk-
od wliy ho had brought the woman
away ho said «ho hod llvod with lilm
In Italy and ho wanted hor back. Asked why ho took a irtotor car Instead
of itrnln*, .replied ithat tho woman lind
■suggested this*, He know the docoasod
and hi* brother, Witness ntatod that
lie was about to board train when Ii\>.
Ilx and Salvador Barborlo got off itho
train and accosted thorn, Some eon ver-
«atlon' took ploeo botweon tho pnirtlcss,
Felix Znppla nsltlng why bo took the
woman -away, and Uien wont into the
depot'to isond wtro lo lwllce nt Oran-
brook, Follx again upbraided Bruno
and tliraitonod to atrlko lilm.- Tlio
woman Intervened nnd separated the1
jmrliCB and Zappia got angry with 1ior,
At Uii* Juncture tho wMino** m» a»k'
ed to Idontlfy tho woman, Mnrlo An*
tonlo.
Felix Zappia asked why the' woman
loft hi* brother and sho "replied"that
mho preform! itho company of Rnino,
Follx then, told the woman rtfoat «ho
mu»t glvo him back tho |100 paid for
'imssnge. The .Woman wished wtItno«H
lo iKiy over tho 1100, which ho did,
Felix .put the moiidy In his porket, but
told pnlwmer that he would l-itx. the
monoy and would not lot lilm lmvo the
woman, Tliey went out of the station
nud lioro «jfa1n Follx told Cutrl tihat
If he wanted to'go lie munt go alone
and promised If ho went alone that he
*<*"rtui/? ■ '.fr^r-tii a****r*1  Hi^'" ^'^Mro ' ".f1'   *(o
flnmo, Salvador Barborlo objeotwl ite
tin* and wanted Kite police ' o tako
thorn back. .Th»y told accusal tlmt
thoy haa telegraphed for tho police te
como nnd arrest Dhem. Tho deceased
nnd aomrsed went down the line toward Cranbrook. Hero Felix again
WiMbil tX»  inxtbtt .'Wiy   Jrt» hfcU  l«,W*n
away tlio woman. Witness elated that
a* tho two woro present he was afraid
of .thorn. Thoy, turned around and
walked book, w enquired why Follx
wanted the money and If he would
give him ithe woman, Felix refuaex!
to glvo him the monej or the woman
and throatemed *o cut his face, Accu*.
ed toM him to go ahead and do It This
waa near tlio too! houac. They then
pmooc-dod nilooig Uie track towards
Fornlo. Tho wholo ef the oonveraa-
Hon «'«• about the woman end the
monoy, Cutri being qulto willing to ko
back to Cranbrook 4f ho had hi* mon-
ey. Wicn * aJiOrt distance from th«
tool house FVdlx gave Mm hack his
1100 and <mM hn wttn fining tn take
the woman back «nd tbat ho Intended
to shoot him. Tho witness stated Ito
■w«* afraid amd be then shot at Felilx.
He was afraid of the'two men,-and
afraid of tlie threats ,and> he,fired.
The wditness demonstrated to the'count
the way they walked down the -track.
Ho diid not remember how many 'shots
he Hired. Salvador cabled to him .to
w-alit, tout h)e ran into the wood.
In ireply to counsBllftf'tib why toe was
afiald of Felix, accused said that .repeated (tib-reaits of deceased made him
nervous. Accused reasserted tbat Felix put^hls hand ln his ipockot and gave
tolm the money. After walldng two or
three steps tihe aocusod told him he
would shoot him and jumped back
two or three .steps. He saw ithe revolver as Follx wa's trying to draw it
from hia pocket, He ran away because
ho woe afraid.
CroBswoxamined by Mr. Moffatit; He
Identified the gun' and acknowledged
it was loaded and a ahellin the breech.'
He wont up to soo 'Marie at Ivor houso
because they wore friends and -had
been to tlie house two or three dayia
prevtoua. The woman wa* willing to
go away with him. Sho did not refuse,
and ho did not have any etrugglo with
her. They hiul lived together as .man
and wife In Italy. He had not asked
for a ticket to Whlteflob, Montana.
Counsel put question twlco to acciiBod,
but ho denied each time. He wan not
walking with his arm .around Felix1
shoulder down the track, Tho woman
did not say thnt Bho would rather ho
ishot her than. Felix. Ho had known
Felix somo two yenrs, but never wont
ito tots 'bouse, Ho had not. lived' with
itho woman In B. C. iib man and wlfo,
and did not know tlio woman wns llv-
ilng with Pasqunilo aB man and wJfo.
He did not ask itho woman at Rampart
.whether ho should pny the $100 or not
for hor. 'Felix asked tho woman for
Olio $100 to .repay Ills brother who hnd
paid hor faro out horo.
QuoBtlonod by counsel, ho did not
know that $100 hnd boon imld for woman boforo,
Ho fired Uio first sliot and deceased
started to run backwards. Ho did not
wUirl to diuw his own gun until ho saw
itluo butt of Felix's revolver. Qiicatlon*
oil ns to how far Felix waB when tho
shots wm-e fired, ho niwiworod two or
threo pacos, Asked If Felix had fallen
when the third »hot wim fired, witness
reputed Hint ho flrod lihroo eliotu in
ropld micccMlon. Ho did not grab tlm
money nnd flro at tho samo time.
QueistlomHl as ito why ho carried tho
gun, ha answered that bo was lu the
habit of doing so after dark, Asked if
i ii i        1        w   il       ,       ,  i     ll'f.
UV     (■S/WIU    WU|||}Ul^      ll**J      *    *W**fc      »»M+J.**V*     feW
*hf»et.iMm, Wlmn ho had paid him back
thu liou, Cutrl replied beoauso ho
(Cutrl) was taking away his brother's
woman. Pr*swd by counsel for fur*
titer miBon, he could give nothing further. Ho admllited telling OolHms when
arrmted that, Un nawe was not Bruno
■Cutirl. Quoislionied wtoflrtihw V'mHix OW
wit tell him ho could lmvo the woman
for another $30, ho answered in -tbo
nogiitlve.
At this Juncture tho foreman of tlio
Jury asked in what pocket tlie wltne»
carried his gun, and bo replied In tho
rltM hip pocket.
The question of whether docoasod'*
gun was loaded or not wa* alto raised
iuul llm u>nlAhlp raniHrlw*! lUu, lui
would have moro tp>,*ay aAout UiU
later.
The <-ourt adjourned for ten minute*
to cetiHidttr tho necessity of Introducing the evidence of aUllon agent at
lUmpftrt, Mr. WINnn taking exception
lu ctvulu kuuMirk*.   - ,
The case was still proceeding at tho
time of ia>ln« to proM,
PRELIMINARY NOTICE'
■Bob Walker, of Nanaimo, will speak
under, the auspices of the S. P. of C.
on Sunday, November 2nd. Subject;
"The truth about the strike."
Menu
on October 30th ancl 31st at the Presbyterian Church.
Meats
Turkey and Cranberry Sauce
Roast Pork Roast Beef
Pork and Beans
_,.;   Vegetables
Baked Potatoes     Scalloped Potatoes
Creamed Cauliflower Creamed Carrots
Salads
Lobster Cabbage
Beet Potato
Pies
Pumpkin Lamon
.. Apple . Mince Meat
Banana Croam
Assorted Cakes
Rolls .Choose
Tea Coffee
SCHUBERT SYMPHONY CLUB
At the Grand Theatre Oot 31
Tho local lodge of the Loyal Ordor
of Mooso have arranged for the above
company to glvo a recital In tho Grand
Theatre on October 81, The company
has a roputation for hlgh-olaus musical rocltntlon* In wliich tho classic ia
tomiporod with humorous' intei'spoi^
alons,
Tho following is from tho 'Moose
Jaw Nows of Oot, 18 and Is Indicative
of the exooptlonnlly flno talent tho
compnny will brings
"Beginning with a quartotto by tho
four Indies of tho troujie tho audlenco
,rocognlKcd a delicacy arid swootmoss
of voices which, accompanied -by Indication* of flno culturo, Insplrod the anticipation thnt good singing was to bo
tho Order of tlio ovonlng nnd In this
wiib not disappointed.
"MIhs Lotita Cordu, nftor rondorlng
"Aria" (Bnrblore Sovlllo) Itosslnl, in
pleasing manner, was warmly applaud
ed and .received a hearty encore, while
no less appreciation was shown of
Miss Hazel Corby's representation of
the lady shopper in a shoe store when,
after displaying the usual fastidiousness common' to her sex In the selection of her footwear, finds, as she ire-
quests her purchase to bo charged up,
that she has been In.the wrong atom
"The violin and mandolin polos rendered by Thomas Valentine Purcell
were admirably executed and proved
features of the evening.
"Tho program throughout was dev
erty dealt with and the audience showed by their manifestations of appreciation that tliey enjoyed the proceedings to the acme of -satlsfa-otlon."
8TRIKE OF POSTMEN
AT CHRISTMA8 TIME
LONDON,. Oct. 22.—The possibility
of a ChrlBtmaa Btrlke among postal
workers Is added to the rumors of
othor strikes. A strlko among postal
employees la advocated only by extremists, represented lnrgo'ly by Socialists, who nro endeavoring to bring
about a stoppage of malls at a time
which would bo convenient for direct
action, It Ib said that tho provinces
will support the strike and It Is alleged that plans for dislocation are
being considered, Tho extremists aro
roportod nmong twenty unions of pob-
tal omployeos,
National Strike In 1016
Joint trndo union action that may
load to a national strlko in 1015 Ib
foreshadowed hy ono of tho resolutions passed yostorday by tho MlnorB*
Federation now In conference nt Soar-
borough, Tho federation decided to
approach railwaymen und dockerB and
tliolr labor organizations with a vlow
to unifying and synchronizing their
program of movement. This may load
to a national strike of the throo organisations, although ono speakor said
that the effect of combination would.
be more likely to prevent a strike.   -
Raising political Fund
Alongside thl-sftndustrial action the
miners are continuing their political
policy, the last' ballot showing a majority of 0fl,843jji favor of raising a
political fund li^fyedtotely.
IHEUHimH YIELDS TO
ZAM-BUK
lead This Lady'i Experience.
Just at this season many people find
themselves suffering from ache* aad
pains of rheumatism, sciatica, eta For.
these, Zam-Buk la a aura euro. .
Mrs. Mary Harmau, Wheatloy, Ont-*.
writes: "I had rheumatism very badly.
It affected my right arm and leg, and
was so bad that I could not put my
hand to my hood bt behind me, I wa*
Quite helpless, copld not do my work,
and could not oren dross myself) bnt
had to be attended to like a child, Tho
rhoumatlsm ln my leg was so bad
that at times I eould hardly walk,
"Naturally I tried yarlous remedial,
but thoy aosmod to do me no good, A
frlond advised me to try Zam-Buk. 1
obtained some, and had It rubbod tkor*
oughly Into the affected muscles. Beforo tbo first box was used I was vory
much better, I eould movo around th*
house with ease, and dress myself, and
needed very little personal attention.
I continued with tho treatment, rub*
blng Zam-Buk In .thoroughly every day,
and In a few woeka' time the rheumatism wu driven completely out of my
system, t The euro was permanent too,
and slnco that time I bnvo never beam
troubled with rhoumatlsm,"     *
It Is Just u good for akin Injurlea
and dlseasoi, oocoma, scalp sores,
eruptions, plies, cuts, burns, bruises,
■oalds, ate* All druggists and storog,
Ito. box, or by mall from Zam-Buk Co*
foronto, for prlea.
ISIS THEATRE
BEST
ALWAYS
SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY MATINEE AND EVENING
The Witch.
THREE REEL "ECLAIR11     -     A story of the days when the People believed in
Witchcraft       I
SUM
SPECIAL MONDAY
The Lion Hunters
TWO REEL GAUMONT (European)   • A thrilling South American Animal story
f **—■—^mi i....„i.„    ..i ■        i      _    —»—ini   un   ii.   in   ii .. i'i. ■■■!■» -.■P.M«,*»imim* i ■       y.'y'"...l*,-'.-'!".."j:-"     mi nn  ii —w»yi..1n..i*iii*ii> ihhiwiiimimwip
The highest standard of Music and Pictures always maintained at
the ISIS.   A Feature Every Day.
Ml
1
-I
(,
I
. il
_L

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