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The District Ledger 1913-09-06

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Industrial Unity, is Strength.
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. HL'W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
No. 2, Vol, vn.
$1.00 A YEAR
A sad accident occurred on Monday
evening when Geo. Morrison, time
keeper for the Davenport. Coal Company, Burmis, lOBt his life while attempting td board a moving freight
train. Morrison bad been up for tlio
Labor Day sports and, having missed
No, 514, due here at nine o'clock, he
undertook' to get aboard the freight
train,' which would help matters ifl
getting to his work Tuesday morning.
The accident occurred near the International crossing, and tlie victim was
still living when found,by the train
crew, but died soon" after removal to
the hospital, .Three of his Mmbs were
crushed in a terrible manner, making
. it practically impossible to save. his
life. A coroner's jury., met Tuesday
evening and returned a verdict of accidental death, attaching no blame to
any one. -Burial took place on Wednesday at the Coleman cemetery, Itev.
T. JI. JIurray officiating. The late
Mr. Morrison was a native of Scotland,
had apparently no relatives in this
country, and was. of about forty-five
, years of age. •
■ The two .' tenements, containing
jointly 16 rooms and occupied,by 15
families, collapsed when the thoroughfare' was crowded and the walls, fall-'
ing across the street, buried finder the
bricks ahd mortar three little children
who were,standing on the other side
of the street.
There is nothing , ,to indicate that
there was any warning and many of
the" passers-by had barely time to
clear out of the danger zone, their attention to the impending disaster being called by persons on the opposite
side of the street.
Military  Forces  Again   in  Charge
Patrols at Copper Mines—Situa-
. tion More Serious
Will  Sign  Agreement Covering  Two
, Years—No Figures Are Glven'Out,
But Majority of Averting Strike Is
Very Small.  ■      .
CALUMET, Mich., Sept. 1.—The
copper strike situation took a serious
aspect today as the result of the
shooting of A,. Fasakas, agefi 15 years,
daughter of a'striker, at the North
mine, whero'a picket of strikers and
women clashed with deputy ■ sheriffs
guarding the mine. The deputies
claim they were driven from the mining property by the strikers, and when
they returned to protect the property
the pickets'fired upon them.
Miners' leaders deny this, saying the
deputies fired without provocation
into the crowd of men and women,
wounding the girl and several others.
The military forces again took charge
of the patrol work about the mines at
Wolverine and Kears as a result of
this shooting.' Gen. Abbey has ordered ah investigation.
,    ,   ' *     ____ *
1      n
Weather Man was not very Kind but the Crowd
made the Best of Things, and Everyone
Thoroughly Enjoyed Themselves
VANCOUVER, Sept. 2.—There will
bet no strike. Peace ■will prevail. The
Sun is in a position to state this morning that the motormen and conductors
of the British Columbia Electric Railway Company will keep on working.
Cars therefore wiL he running as
usual and no fear now need be entertained of the city being plunged into
■Following the meeting in the Avenue theatre last week, it was decided
to ballot as to whether there should
be a strike or not*^__Thelresu!t_Qf_.the-
"baUot as officially declared, shows
that a majority voted in favor of settlement according to tho arbitration
board's award and concessions mado
by the company as announced In the
theatre. No figures are given out as
to the vote for or against b^t' it, is
known that'the majority'avijrse "to' '
striking was very slight   .
Vancouver today will breathe easier
as a result of tho men's decision upon
whiclrso much hung. The tying up
of industries nnd incalculable public
Inconvenience nro now fortunately removed from contomplntlon,
■So fnr .as street car service Is coh-
corned, Vancouver, New Westminster
nnd Victoria and othor centres served
toy tho compnny need not be nervous
of a strlko for at least two years, for
tho men nnd company will Riga nn
agreement for that period on tho
■terms sot out In the conciliation
board's nwnrd nnd In the company's
, .concessions mndo afterwards,
Tho ngreemont will explro nt tho
snmo timo ns thnt existing' between
tho compnny nnd the light nnd powor
employees. This fnct Is the cnuso for
high antlsfnctlon among the men's
lenders.—Vnncouver Sun.
DUBLIN, Sept, J?,—Rescuers continued tho work frantically today In tho
ruins of two Church street tenements,
which collapsed Inst night. Tho denth
list will totnl 40. Fifteen families occupied houses which fell In without
warning nnd on tho first count M
wero found missing.
That tire recent campaign against
real estate men may have been productive of good and acted as a check
to the sale of practically worthless
chunk of the earth's surface, we do not
deny, but if any statement Is made—
it matters not by whom—that is going
to work harm upon any agent in this
town who has tried to play the game,
should be contradicted, and in so doing too much publicity cannot be given. The following communication is
self explanatory, and1 Is no more than
Is coming tp our townsman (M. A
;.   -      (COPY)
Humboldt, Sask., Aug. 2(5, 1913.
Mr. H. M. Johnston,
Great Northwest Investments Ltd.,
926-032 Somerset Bldg., Winnipeg.
Dear Mr. Johnston,—Your letter a-J-
drossed to  Jlr.  Stirling,  nlong with
marked copy of the Free t'ress from
tortile, has been handed to mc.   On
looking up tho file, l find that a most
tinforttmntn error occurred by which
tlio figure was given nt $25 00 Instead
of $125,00.  oIt wns purely n clerical
error, which ought not to have escaped my attention, but I have endeavored to sot tho matter right, as fnr as
possible.   I hnvo communicated with
Jlr. Dubois, of tho Fernlo Bonrd cf
Trndo, nnd hnve nlso wrltton tho Fertile Frco Press, nuking them to glvo
the same publicity to tho corroctlon
ns was given to the first, statement.
PleiiBo accept my Hlncoro rogret thnt
this should have happened, but ut the
same tlmo, I think tho Fornlo people
wore only too ready to tako advantage
of It, In vlow of letters which I have
previously wrltton  them  concerning
Pnrkvlow Addition, <
If I cnn do nny thing further to ns-
slut you, kindly do not healtnto to
write me.
{■ Yours faithfully'
Commission Humboldt Hoard of,Trndo.
Fifteen Killed in
Collision in England
Two Sections of Famous London-Scotland Express Came Together —
Crashed Into Sleeping Car Crowded
With Passengers—Many Killed Outright.       *, ■,,.,,,«   ,-
Klrkby Stophon, County of Westmoreland, England, Sept. 2.—Flftoon
persons word killed nnd thirty Injured
in n collision of two sections of tho
famous London-Scotland Express early todny.
-The wreck ocourred on tho Midland
liiUiiii), m&r j£towo& Junction, the two
sections being southbound. The second dashed Into the r«nr of Iho first,
telescoping several conches which
burst Into flames   Many persons woro
trnnno-l *\*A if rit*i vnt*»» oVJt-Jili-i, i!u*»
Almost Immediately nftorwnrd sov-
ami of the cars caught flro and many
of tho passengers found It Impossible
to got out, Itibscucrs from farms In
iho vicinity enmo up on tho scono too
Into to save any of tho passengers.
S'lno chared bodies woro taken from
tho wreck nnd' It was boliovod that
several others woro still among tho
About thirty Injured passengers
„..,., .*..,,.L u.< .■.(M.ci.ii trains io »mis
1 i-nfidn nnd 'Onrlylo Virojiltnls.
Another dtsnstor occurred mar tho
same spot on December 26th, 1010.
when eight passengers lost their lives.
Anything and everything that the
weather man can hand to this -burg he
seems only too pleased to donate. On
.Monday we had a sample of all sorts
and conditions; hail, rain, shine; wind
and, on the mountains, snow.
' Iu the morning the clouds hung low
on the mountains and banked thickly
on the Lizzard Range. Generally this
is indicative of-bad weather and while
there were moments during the day
wheu we congratulated ourselves upon thfe fact that it would ."hold up," the
felicitations received a rebuff when
at about 1.30 the storm, which had
threatened all day, broke into a sharp
shower just as the special from Macleod arrived at Fernie depot.
Short though the shower was, it
served-'to remind us what we had to
expect and the wise ones secured raincoat and umbrella before adjourning
to the sports ground;
Upon arrival at the New Park we
were pleasingly surprised at the remarkable change that had been accomplished by the Association in the
course of a few weeks. The track was
in fine shape, while the centre,of the
grounds, laid out for football, lacrosse
and baseball, .was nice and dry. In
fact, conditions, as far as the track
was concerned, were Ideal, and any
rain that had fallen served only to
pack' the ground and lay the dust.
Those responsible for the grading of
track have been careful to give a fair
in-grade, which, while sufficient for
rigs and horses, Is scarcely sufficient
for motor cycles and we would suggest
that the Association give, the curves a
slightly better • grade. -We witnessed
too many narrow escapes on the old
grounds and haveno desire ttrsee any
of the small children who_cronfik_n.ni,
der the rails injured or maimed.
The farce of the day—the harness
race—had only two entries, and the
spectators would have been just as
well pleased if both had got lost before entering. That it was the Intention of tho Association to encourage
this brtinch of the sport we understand, but it Is certainly not fair to do
this at the expense of -rfthev contestants, and the motor cycle races and
pony races caused considerably more
excitement than would a dozen of the
harness burlesques0 There may be
a possibility of the horses entering
nn notion for damages if we aro too
candid, but we certainly believe this
is tho only "nctlo/i". they could .sustain.
The ^ug-of-war nnd tho log rolling
contests wero 'called off, Insufficient
entries being "the reason given,
The Indlhns wero there and succeeded In landing qulto a wnd of tho prize
monoy, no loss thnn $00,00 going to
swell tho tribal exchequer.
Fernlo mnnnged to defeat Hosmer
for the football wnd by 2-1.
Macleod scoured tho biiBebnll pickings by dofontlng Wcrdn'or by 8-4, the
latter linvlng previously defeated
Frank by 8-1.
Tho mllo cydo raco was won hy C.
Minton from F, Drown In !l min. 4R sec.
This wus a surprise to most peoplo
nnd Minton*. certainly deserved to win
whnt was a woll fought out raco.
Thoro woro three entries, but the
third man quit 6i\ the first lap.
The 100 ynrds minors' dash went to
Ives, 12 sec,  Threo entries,
The high jump had four entries and
wns secured by Rrockson, R, Smith being second,  Height R ft.
llu Rols won thc mile rnco in fine
stylo from Mo Stevens (nn Indian) In
5,20. Had It boon 100 miles our money
would have been on tho Indlnn.
Tho two mllo motor cyolo race wns
ono of tho host events of tho dny nnd
P. Henderson showed gront skill and
generalship In bontlng Minton, Sovoral dogs, ns iisiinl, displayed undue
Inqulsltlvonoss, ono testing tho durability of Dunlop's machine, Ho got
counted out—tho dog,   „
John Lone Stnr won tho 100 ynrds
dash In fine stylo In 11 noes,; Hrack.
son socond,  Throo entries
Tho 220 ynrds also went 16 Loho
fine style, an Indian being second.
The Squaw race had three entries
and the winner was Agnes on a white
horse, won in clever style from Isabel.
•Taking all things into consideration
there is little.room to complain about
arrangements made by the Athletic
Association and although the crowd
was by no means a record one—averaging about 1100 to 1300—the fact that
a number on the G. N. were held up
by a wreck and never arrived hers,
robbed us of some two or three hundred visitors.       ■*,
There was a good program for the
evening enteitainment, a ball in Victoria Hall and the fight in^the Skating Rink. There -was some one hundred couples on the.dance floor and
all appeared to be having a good time.
dance which made things rather
crowded, butMn spite of this everybody had a great time. The waltzing
competition was won by the following
lst Jlr. and Jlrs. Chris O'Brien; 2,
Dave Atherton and Jlrs. Worthington.
Ramsay's Orchestra supplied the
music for dancing which" was carried
on till the wee sma' hours. The
duties of JI.C. were creditably performed Jly. Ed. Coughlan.
From early morning the camp presented an animated appearance. The
committee In charge being hard at
work by 7 a.m. preparing the ground
From then on a steady stream of people wended their way through the
camp, this .was augmented later by
the arrival of the special train from
Fernie. which arrived here about 10
o'clock, conveying a large concourse
of Fernie people, Mr. W., R. Wilson,
Esq., being among the visitors. The
stalls run by. the, two respective
churches, received a very agreeable
surprize, in the shape of cheques of a
substantial nature and all the children
received tickets value 10c, to spend at
the stalls, the little girls at the Presbyterian Church and the boys at the
Methodist from the" same _*2urce._and.
Though the weather at times was
wet and dirty, the sports held at Coleman on Labor Day under the auspices
oi the Order of Owls proved to be a
great success; and great credit is due
to the officials for the able manner in
which they handled the day's program.
There being good prizes and keen
competition,. a good day's sport was
the result.
•The big feature of tho day was the
football game with Coleman v. Lethbridge Caledonians. The game was
good and fast from start to finish, and
resulted in a win for Coleman two
goals to nil, the game being ably managed by W. Fraser. Following is result of sports:
Belgium ball game—First prize $20.
Winning team: J. Thiere, O. Laleux;
A. Temae. E. Laret, L. Henriet.
100 yards dash (open)—1, J. T.
Hams; 2, A. Jlousty.
,   1 Mile race  (open)—1, J. T.
llams; 2, N. Evans.
Cycle race, i mile  (open)—1,
gium; 2, G. Reed.
•Pony, race, 1 mile (open)—1, G.
Johnstons JlBil]xl;_2._J,enhin's^iBuck.y.
Bennett opened by saying how delighted he was to have the privilege of
coming to Trail and seeing so many
old friends; he called his hearers' attention very seriously to the important life of the working man of today.
He begged all workers to at all times
investigate everything that appertained to their welfare. Apathy, Jlr. Bennett said, had been the downfall Of
nations and tho working classes of
today must be alert and ever watchful
so that the ruling powers would not
be in a position to overthrow them.
The speaker reminded the gathering
of the trials and suffering of the workers on Vancouver Island, whilst the
people of this district were out celebrating. The keynote struck by Mr.
Bennett in his able speech was that
workers must think and he spoke of
the good to be done by thinking union
men He said that at Nanaimo the
laws had not been enforced, and as a
consequence' so much suffering had
ensued. We were all workers, whether we worked with our hands at manual labor or whether we had mental
work to do. 'Pleading with his audience again to think and argue, Jlr.
Bennett finished his speech with these
parting words: "To yourself be true
and it follows that you cannot then be
false to any man."
FLAT RIVER, Mo., Sept. 3.—First
blood was spilled in the strike of the
lead miners here when the deputy
sheriffs, stationed at the headquarters
of the Federal Lead Company properties, without any reason whatsoever,
wounded two striking miners and several sympathizers with small shot
from riot guns.
The wounded men are Max Bskley-
jak, who was shot in the groin and is
in a serious condition, an- John Re-
vak, who has a revolver bullet in his
leg. They were carried away after the
shooting by friends.
The wounded men were peacefully
picketing the plant to watch for the
bringing in of strikebreakers.
thTs7~along with the 10c. glveu by the
sports committee, to each child, was
much appreciated-by the children. As
advertised, a band'was In attendance
to discourse sweet strains.   This was
supplied  by Ashton  Yate's band  of
Fernie, who' filled the bill creditably
to themselves and t,he conductor, and
certainly conveyed'a martial air to tlie
surroundings.   *P.c Uoardman was the
official   starter   and   conducted   the
starts in a proper manner.     Messrs.
Shanks and France were judges; han-
dlcappers, Worthington   and   JIcJIll-
Man with P, Mulgrew aB umpire for
tlio l'ootbal events.     Great credit reflects on the officers for tho manner
In whlclr the sports were conducted.
Specliil mention should bp mndo of U.
Johnstone nnd Stovo Hnll who worked
energetically to get the field In readiness; also D. F. Jlarklnnd for the sub-
stontlul band stand ho orocteU     Tho
offlcors woro assisted by n working
commlttoo led by J. E. Smith.    The
weather  was  rather  dull  when  tho
first pistol shot wns fired announcing
tho opening of tho sports, but with tho
exception of ono or two occasional
small showers the wonthor wns Ideal
sport  wenthor for thoso competing
Tho ovonts wero cnllod   ont   by   ,1.
Davidson, whoso volco could he heard
all round' tho flold,    Everything passed off without n hitch.     Owing to
the numbor of events the programme
could not bo finished, darkness intervening, The flvo-nsldo football match
was unfinished   nnd   the   snap   nnd
quoits compotlilon prlzo monoy wns
divided among thoso loft in when darkness enmo on, " The following Ib a
list of tho various ovonts arid winners:
100 Ynrds Members' Handicap—1,
J. Graham; 2,,J.,Kay; 3, P. Martin.   ,
100 Ynrds Hoys undor 10—1st nnd
socond prizes divided    botwoon   H,
Smith and G, Foxj-ilrd J. Nowberry,
100 Ynrds Handicap (open)—1, I),
Martini 2, G Young! 3, J. Graham.
Old Men's Race (ovor 110 yenrs)—1,
Pnddy King; 2, Jn<ik Myers; X Joo
(Iroon,   * ( ,'■-■'
Sack rnco for momhors—1, J, Yntea;
2, O, Young; ,3, T, Hutchinson,
100 Ynrds' Girls' Rnco (undor 10
years)—VMabel Mlchol; 2, Mnrjovto
Michel; 3, Elslo Ilugnll,
"Single ladles' Rnco .(scratch)—1,
iMnrJorlo Michel; 2, Rvr Hugnll: :i,
Nolllo Mllbiim.11
As Married Ladles' Rnco (scrntch)—1,
Mrs, J. Mitchell:"?, Mrs. AV. Hughes;
H, Mrs. Athertbn.
Mnrrlod Couples' Novelty Itnce.—1,
Mr. nnd Mrs, J, Kay': 2nd,Jiir, nnd Mrs
Atherton; 3, Mr. nnd Mrs. Worthing-
ton      ■„ '■*«'*    .'■•'"
fi   lift       Vn,V(1»       1!'-!.'r!!c-
'.Buck jumping (best'order)—A. Derbyshire.
Obstacle race-—J. Scot,
Married ladles' race-rl, Jlrs. J. McKlnnon; 2, Jlrs. R, Turnei'.
Single ladles' race—1, Miss Trotter;
2, JHss Van Andries.  *.
Old men's race~J. Stalman.
Running broad jump—N. Evans,
GlrlB' raco (under ]3 years)—1, N.
.Malcolm; 2, E. Disney.
Girls' race (under it) years)—3, ID.
Disney; 2, E. Hadtield.
Girls' race (under 7 years)—1,   A.
Hondrlh; 2, R. Hodflold,
Girls' thread needle race—1, A, Van
Andries; 2, Jl. Cox.
Boys' race (under 13 years)—!, L.
Stiilniiin; 2, J. Gates.
Roys' nice (undor 10 years)—3, R.
Stalmnn; 2, W. Bradford.
Roys' race (under 7 years)—1, Henriet; ?„ Steveluk.
After tho day's sports thoro was n
wrestling tournament in tho Jllnors'
1-mll, tho challenger bolng Jack Taylor, heavyweight champion of Canada,
who agreed to throw six local men and
would glvo any man $25,00 who stayed
off his bnck in minutes. Very much
to tho chnmplon'B suriirlno, Mr. Frnnk
Snxon, from lllllci'oflt, was the first
opponent and stayed with him IG min-
utos and received tlio $25, Thoro bolng no moro opponents, the two la'dy
wrestlors went on tho mat, Ada Lor-
ralno v. Rita Taylor, nnd put up a vory
Interesting bout, Ada Lorrnlno getting
the first fall In 13"minutes, nlso the
socond In 11 minutes,
iCommlUoo of the Order of Owls
wish to thank nil tho Kiihscrlhcrs who
choorfully donated towards n good
dny's enjoyment,
ST. LOUIS, Sept. 3.—"There is
something inconceivably stupid, incredibly brutal, unimaginably malevolent and grimly medieval in the deliberate flooding of Missouri's lead mines
foroing striking mine workers into
submission." ■
That ls a new note struck in capitalist newspaper editorials during labor
struggles. It is to be found in the St
Louis Post-Dispatch in discussing the
strike of the lead miners.
It Is a different doctrine than that
preached by the copper barons, their
private sheets and the forces of government on the .Michigan copper
range. Up in Michigan, an attempt
was even made to force the miners
back to work, claiming tliey v/cre responsible for tho flooding of tho
miners and the resultant damage to
It was even hold that tbo miners had
no right to quit work, since1 this necessarily resulted In somo dnmngo to the
"sacred" Institution of "property," Tho
voice of tho St. Louis Post-Dispatch
so fnr is a lone ono In the wilderness
ot capitalistic press efforts in Interpreting tho rights of tho workers during tho strlko tlmo,   It continues:
"Flvo big mining companies, representing lu the mnln wenltliy alien ownership, rather thnn recognize tho Minors' Union as tho agency through
wliich tlio minors shall sell their services, decided to stop tho punipB and
lot the mines fill with wator,
"This was the solo remaining ground
of dlsputo; on tho Issuo of wngos tho
disputants hnd ngreed; the minors
voton to accept h 30-cent dully wngo In-
cronBo, with recognition of tho union,
The island strike does not-appear to
interest the dally ..papers as heretofore. The only persons who display
any real interest at this stage are the
lcsal gentry, aud if all accounts are
oerrect they are busy do'ng Bowser's
dirty work and are receiving all the
necessary assistance that the government heelers can offer. The magnanimity of thc magistrate when he discharged two youths accused of the ■
outrageous crime of following several »
workmen on the day of the disturb-
auce, is to be applauded.
The Attorney General has decidod
that the militia's vacation was to terminate and has withdrawn most of the
troops. Col. Hall is quoted as responsible for recommending the withdrawal. Some of the Nanaimo citizens (the
•100, perhaps) thought the action>;of
the government might precipitate further disorder and protested th.it
things were not safe without the "sod-
gers." No doubt these tradesmen-have
found the militia a considerable source^
of revenue, especially since the mine
workers could not be persuaded to
return at the bidding of the operators.
Bowser's   proposal   to  the  militia
that they enlist as special police does
not appear to have met with a very  -
cordial reception.
, The following "is  culled  from  the
Vancouver Sun:
Woman Sings Ode of Strikers
LADYSJHTH, B. C, Sept. 2.—Loud
cheers and feverish applause which
followed the pinging of the "Strikers'
Rally" soon broke the tediouB monotony of the magistrate's court here this
After the four long-drawn •, days
spent in hearing evidence against the
sixty-five accused strikers, the dreariness was relieved when the first witness for the defense, »iirs. Axelton, at
the-requeBfc-of-th-ererewnTTcnHered the
battle song of the Ladysmith miners.
•A veritable amazon, both in build,
vigor and strength, the woman related
with considerable glee and pride the
happenings of the days of rioting. Mr.
Bullock Webster, in his cross-examination for the crown, asked the woman
about the song sang by tho union mon
as they ainrchod round.the'town.
Right on to the end sho sang the
chorus with effect and prisoners, witnesses and spectators burst forth Into
round after round of applause that
no command of officer or threatening
bayonet could quiet,
It wns many minutes beforo tlio
court could resume Its dismal, tedious
Police   Commissioners   Think   Public
Has Right to Ice Cream on Sundays
and tho iisHoclntctd owners refused to
grant such recognition,
"Tho owners, themselves unltud for
action, would withhold from tho workmen a similar right, nnd would compel thorn to donj ns Individuals with
tho union of tho mine ownera."
NRLSON, H. C., Sept. 2,—Nelson
pollco commlRslonnrB yesterday ro- ,
fused the request of rrcv II. C. Hues-
Ub, Rov. K. S, 1-oglo nnd Rov. R. ,1.
Mclntyro, representing thn Lord's Dny
Alliance, to ordor closing of candy nnd
clgnr stores on* Sunday, Tlio comml»
Islonors took the vlow that tho public
had us.nijicU* right to buy Ico cream,
fruit anil candy on Sunday as to purchase other refreshments nt restaurants. Ah nppnal to Attorney flenern!
Uowsor washlntod nt by HiiostlH, wli >
Is field secretary for iho nlllnnc'o "i
tllC Wt'Bt.
cars pit.rn HirtH nw *n»«cv
woro burned to death.  At least thirty ,_,,.._,,.,    .   . ., ...    , „
pntsentrers   were   taken   from   the|F"W* T'»l." Wrecked Northof Day-
wreckage sufforlng hiJuiIob or. burns,
and as many as ton of thoso may dl«.
The two trains had left Carlisle for
•Thousand Tons.of Coal
on Track
London at 1.35 and 1,47 thia morning
respflcMvnly and tho collision between
them occurred fifty miles souu of
thnt plawi on n hlffh nnd Jonnly moor,
Tho first section of tho train hud
stopped to get np steam for n sharp
upfjrido when tho socond soctlon
dashed into the rear, piling up the
sleeping cars, which wore crowded
with pasaengers.
ELKO, D. C„ Sept. l.—A big freight
train wreck occurred ono mllo north
of Daynoa, Ono hundred and olght
cucn.vwu lu thtt train and *■'*• wt>nt oil
tho line: 27 cars piled In one heap to
20 feet abovo the track. Eleven hundred tons of coal aro on tho track. The
wreck happened at i o'clock on Sunday afternoon. The line Is *xp#cted
1 to be clear by tomorrow night.
Star, Dnsckson again .being'.'■Seconal
Three Entries. I
Tho 440 yards, considered pickings
for tho locnl mnn, wns secured hy the
llndlnn Lone Star; Ureokon second
and Dullolff third.   Throe entries.
Throo.ho&U were tun,to decide tho
pony rnco nnd this was a most Inter-
■estmg* ovont.of.tho day, Dominic's
"Gunny" wilh j-iiuun Vutiiav up won
first, heat with Minton'* "Polly" second. The second hont wna won by
Minion's "Polly," Tlio third hont of
on exciting raco went to Dominic's
"Guwv," Dunlnn innnin»lnir •<■ ?"■
homo by a good.lioad, Roth boys rode
well but Punlap showed up slightly
the best In the finish.
Tho harness race wont to Fisher's
Tho threo-qusrtcr mllo saddle race
brought out five enlrlea and first hfnt
was secured by Letcher's horse, Fisher (of Mlchol) second.   In the final  flold) mfmhfrn—1, n. Young! 2, II.
only)—1, n. Ynnnr. 2; IV MnT-Hv, ?,,
T. Glover,
Putting tho shot (throo prises)--l,
J, Harper; 2, 11. Macadam;3, W. McFegan.
Hnlf Mile Handicap (members only)
1,  0,   \'ui*..r,,   «',  lit   t.tkl.ii,   «, .i.   ilVll-
chell. t. ,.
Standing broad Jump—1, J. Harpor;
2, W. MoFognn.
Half Mllo Handicap (open)—1. O.
Michel; 2,1). Martin; ,1, W, Harrison,
Wrestling Competition—1, 3, Yates;
2, A. n.twsnn
Mlln handicap (flvo laps around the
Letchor's horso won raslly
The one mile horso race went to
Fisher's horse "Jimmy,** Minion's
"Jenny" second. Won easily. Five
entries. *
Th« »tl* and a fcalf *addJ« relay
rae* wa* won by VUhfr'ti ".Tfrnmy" fn
riaker; % Iko Cart moll,
Dribbling contest—1, Petor Ara-
slrong; 2, W. McFegan.
Football competition will bn decided
on Sunday.
The ball was packed to lia utmost
ripaclti, during tti^ cvcul&g tat the
TRAIL, II. C„ Sept. 1,-TIiIh hns
boon n rod lottor day for tho city of
Trnll, Under tho niiBplciis of the? Trull
Mill nml Smoltor union, Xo, ion,
Wpstorn Federation of Miners, tho
greatest celobratlon for many years
wns experienced,
•■.Froni. early morning special trains
arrlvotl,, bringing scoroB or peoplo
from HosHlnnd, Xnlson. Fernlo und
Crapbrook, The local town bund headed'a long procoHslon through tlio main
streets'and the mimic ntlrrod up on-
ihhsinftm nnd In n short tlmo the
householders- and vlnltors thronged
I Ttnv nml Pr-tur "irt*<A"] ■•:„:.::, t!.t. Vi*
j events -worn to ink-* plAc*'.
On huhulf of the city of Trull nnd
ill    tllU   UISHVUld.lt.In   allM'lH'.i   ot   tho
mayor, J. li. Thorn, who Is at tho coast,
J. If, Schofield, Al. P. I'„ WHlcoined
the visitors nml xtiirtod thu ilny off
"'It.1,   hi.  *K4.h.t\.',„9,   ,-.),,:t.».ii,   n.ui.iiMIlK
Mint the mayor v(im out of town ami
tlie policemen did ifot w;«m to ho
around ulthor nnd that nil uniKt mako
the most of thin bountiful day nnd cuter Into tho Jollifications,
On the platform were the following:
3. If* Schofield, M. r. Vs. 'A V.". Vbt*
rin In the chair, F. W. Hurite, ami tha
vpflntti-r of the,day, J. VV. tMiiiuU of
Fernlo. Ik'njainiu Stuart, t'"' jfr«»l-
dent of tho RosHianil branch of the
miners' union, and F. C. Oanu>!iol|. tho
Trail' secretary of the local bunch of
the union.
J. W. Bennett, when rising to upesk,
***** rticeivttd vuih grt-nt npf>h»w. Mr.
Reign of Terror
Prevails in Dublin
LONUON, Sept. 3.—Dublin,-Is (it tlio
moment n city of terror nnd tlio desperate rioting arising from tho tramway strike has brought fiOO people Into
tlio hospital for trcntiiioiu, A correspondent who ' wltnossfid thn ilnitim
Monday night snys:
"A crowd numlinrlng 1,000 started to
u:.d    .Ij'   Aim   U.tllHVil)    Uat.ttH   111 .open.
ihViiiitii,    it*    .*    *l*il.*ill   l'Ui>.:W  Oil  tlllt>
Soon a reinforcement of 7<* pollco .*p-
peared but far from tnap!rlns rvhol -
some four on the mob they uppuarcd
to ho welcome for they were ho many
Ito. When ihe police at length charged at tho double from Ill-shop Htrwt to
tho corner of Cuffc street, then! wna
no rotrcnt.
Baton Charges
Tho baton charges could hardly ht*
c-mmtud and took phioe cvory llvv
minutes, each after a fusllndn of ml!.-
ulltii. nml «ach too witn a wjerd n>
companlmont of screaming women,
crashing glass and the thtid« of atones
and bricks as they landed now nnd
again on tho nickle plated d«vlre
with which ih# jMllfewcjs'it helmets
aro equipped. Toward* nildnltM there
wns a spectacle Jfkc a hWeous night-
mnni. Piteous wuIIh caiiin Irom half A
dozen,. strong . constabulary men m
they found theniBclVfts hemmed in by
the stone throwers on every Bide Jnnt
as depravud boyn hem in a ent and
stone it, to death, 1 shrank with horror from the Mcetii.,
Outlook Ominous
What in luvpiK-nlnK in Dublin twin*)
rimy happen In Helfnst tomorrow fn-
labor nil over Industrlnl Irulnnd iiei-um
.','<■,'.,'**■<'*! !m .» ..hi.*- 'ti-Ut* ui)itt.ii.   v.ii'U
unlonlHt Joiiriitils* i-ontlcmn tin* D-jlilln
Tramway coinpntiy  ior  refuslm*   tn
rocogulxe tbe trade iinfeiiH and revise
the lionm,'WiiReH iuul Konera! conditions nt lnbor    K->'i* Hir<l1e ir.,t „ti.*■■*.•
lnhor  leadi.TH   ..[H.rly   aimletuti   Um
rlgoroit-ft treatment of striker* **j, tho
Irish oxocutlvo under Lord Aberdeen.
Hnrdlo  nfiyn  It  1st  n  farm (it iicilnn
n-K.ilnst trade unionismHvhlrli Ih very
common lu America but "I did not expect to find in fi In iv nhfitlnir rnunfry
like onr.o-.vn tlmt tin* imnrebUtlc pre-*
redetit   of, the   United  Stntes   vmiT-n
would huv'e Wn followed.   Aimrt alto,
pother from tho nierit« of the dispute
wiih tin- tramway company the men
will hnvo behind them Ihe entire tfade
union movement In Crent Rrltntn 'n
opposition what wo regard a* the un-
(iflMffhn.il nrtfon nt Dublin cutk."	
Windermere In the Calgary Herald. PAGE TWO
The Island Situation
;Nanaimo, B.' C, September'8, 1013.  result of the failure of the authorities
to administer justice to strikers and
strikebreakers alike, was that two
men had bee! mortally wounded,
much mining and private property
was demolished, and the strikebreakers were driven from the camps. However, the miue owners had accomplished their purpose—an excuse for military occupation had been created.
* After the first convulsion of violence had subsided the miners, who
were desirous of nothing but legiti;
mate protection from their tormentors,
volunteered to help restore and maintain order. In response to this offer
made in good faith, Attorney Genera:
Bowser, acting commander in chief oi
the provincial military forces, assumed the pugnacious attitude characteristic of his canine namesake, and dramatically issued the following bombastic public statement: °
"When day breaks there will be
nearly a thousand men in the
strike zone wearing the uniform
of His Majesty. , . . This is
my answer to the proposition of
the strikers that they will preserve tho peace If they are loft
unmolested by the special police."
Reading from Bowser'sstatement It
will be noticed that all the miners
asked for was to Le loft unmolesteu
by the special police, who have har-
rassed them ever since the, strike began. Nevertheless, true to his boast,
four regiments of soldiers and about
250 additional special police were
rushed to the Island to protect the
mine owners in their infamy, and if
Canada had a sea-fighting force with
Bowser in command, we suspect there
would now be a fleet of battle ship anchored in Nanaimo Bay.
Some day ere long, the public mind
will find its normal balance on this
issue and the people will learn that
they have been badly gulled and that
somebody is a vainglorious ass.
Since the invasion of the soldiery
all the camps are under military rule.
One hundred and seventy-five of our
men,; including District Vice President
Taylor and International Organizers
Pattinson and Angelo, have been seized, jailed'and held without bail, while
the real malefactors are at liberty and
.the Vancouver -^Island mineworkers
have learned that the "Iron Heel"
tramples with uo less cruelty when applied to crush a Canadian patriot than
it does when applied to defeat the
legitimate ambitions of their fellow-
workers everywhere.
District Ledger,
•Fernie, B. C.
For more than eleven months, during which time they have suffered all
the hardships and abuses known to industrial disagreements elsevyhere, the
Vancouver Island mine workers have
been  battling,  with courage,  fidelity
and. solidarity, for the right to work
as members of the United Mine Workers of America.   While the men have
'fought,and suffered to win the coal
companies have fought viciously to defeat them.    Armed guards,  masking
tlieir degradation and brutality with
the majesty of the, law, have marauded- the island threatening, insulting, assaulting and  arresting   the   strikers
with shameless brutality and impunity. '-The'press has covered Itself with
infamy, company lackeys have added
to their disgrace, and public officials
have arrayed themselves against thc
miners and proved their willingness
to act as prostituted puppets for the
mino owners.
An attempt was made to have the
writer deported from Canada; this
failing, threats of arrest for alleged
violation of the "Industrial Disputes
Act" followed. Then appeared the
Mayor of Nanaimo, a dignitary who is
Supposed to be an examplar of law
and order, who imparted the information that if he could have his way I
would be lynched, and, no doubt, he
would put his cowardly wish into execution if he had enough courage in
his craven heart to do so.
Vile canards have been manufactured by vicious villains and given wide
publicity to discredit the miners' leaders and cause defection among the
men. Local men, who have beon
trusted by the miners and,recognized
\''for a quarter of a century as their
leaders, have been brought into play
and used to decoy the riien ■-Into deserting their union. .Specious appeals
to national pride have been made, and
increased °wages and recognition as
members of a Canadian miners' union
have been offered, but the men have
, withstood the onslaught and refused
to be deceived or divided. They have
been the victims of oppression' and
gree-u for many years and the advent
• of the United Mine Workers of America opened to them an avenue of
escape from the "mailed fist" of tyranny, and, having seized the opportunity, they are now fighting with intrepid courage and a grim determination that is magnificent, and they are
winning, and the fact that they are
winning has made the mine owners
more desperate and more vicious than
Maddened to a state of frenzy by
the futility of their fiendish efforts to
break the solidarity of the men, the
pets set about with diabolical deliberation to incite a state- of disorder that By Wm Green
would result in military occupation of The act, aEg;esslve manner ,„
* the Island, so adding to he insults whlch llabop , car , fonviml tlle
and abuses already heaped upon the wor]. of organizatlon everywhere
mop. The nondescripts who are work- ht t„ be gratifylng t0 every toiler
ing as strikebreakers at Cumberland, nnd. theIr frUsndB. The spirit of union,
sent word in o town that they wore , , al)road.,n the land. Ifmanl-
coming in on the inti. of July to "clean f tfl , ]f ,, , f„vor am
up* the union men -And they did , ml„ers of Michigan, the
come, and  hey went back again In in-        , m,        o{ WMt v,   ,n,a anfl Co].
SiTL^T^nuTnRl]iQme]eGf  °«»lo   and   tho ' skilled building and
i    h.r«Sp ii    ,1S "p        other trades In our larger cities, Grnd.
n Z L   1„ ZS   t       r      ?!  "ally the worker ls learning how help.
•' ,/•„?.        il iy*Si wnj-InmloIId   less he is isolated from his fellows,
—Is also unltod States revenue col-  »T  , ,    ,       ■,   „     ,. *,■ n
lector for the port of Comox, stood nt N° lonsf'" fn h° (lo,,end T   lnJ^J
n safo distance and urged tie mount- "al w?r ll *>r advancement or , rotec
ed.pollce to ride down nnd *hoot the t0"' ^ r?a,,*,nB1 the ch™g0   f'"8
strikers.   Judging from his attitude in ft? '" lmlust7' h,°t mw"]™ 11
this respect It Is reasonably safe to '"vWuallsm and unite with his fellow
nssume that he was ono of the prime w°lK0IS;
factors in organizing nnd instigating m^rlos- camp etely organised on
tho nttnek a perfect bnsls.   Employers' nssocia-
,   '   ,     ,     „ tions, formed for "mutual protection,"
J.or this disorder four of Iho slrlk- „nvo sll0Wn Inbor )ll0 way>   No lonRor
prs, Including .oca   President Joseph can lmlu8tPj. bo organized In overy do-
Tsnylot, wore arrested and huvn boon ,mrtment nm]  Ul0Sfi wh0  own  tbem
hold In jnll wi Hon   ball ovor since. „,,„„ t     thei, wh||o tlip mllllon8 wll0
while none of tl.e ItisUfintof.s of the work nro ,lpillPll tll0 r,Rht t0 fl0 Ha
rouble have been apprehended. Fo]. 0n). twenMotll mitury civilization, the
lowing  this  two  inolforislve  youths, ,,(;volopmont   of   organized   Industry,
members o  our union wero assaulted tho         u,' of „„ form9 0-t 01.gan,ra.
and ono o   them HnrlouHly knlfnd by ,,„„„   nnV        soc,pty PVorywhor0l „„
nirlkobronkorson   ho strenl. |„ Lady- ]i;iV(?  ,      ,     thfi worl„)rB  tlint th0Vp
smith.   \\Hon  h.. local char of police ,    1)Unw)fiPi   Thn lll(llvl(1.
was  ,ppnniR,|   o lo arrest thn assail- ,lKl|c „      ,                ,,    Tho onl of
nnt.H,horn|..Hodtodnsonndan«wornd   P0.0„pratlJn iltlfi orpnnl/.allon Is now
that 1h> wan not lu sympathy with uh,  .
™lwnrl £\^£ nJt,|,°V0   r ""ut nlrnnKO ns It may .oom, thnsn
•oud fori,, hl.n to miikn thn arrnslH. ,       ,,     ownership  of  Industrie,.
In tho Interim our men were, be ng ar- /in      .,,!,,,   «..m,«i.,nii,i.*,
rested ln«llKorlnii.,at,ly aud l,,,,,!,} hn- mM  ^'      '!   f "r{    , n,l"nf
fore lornrmmrlHlrnlos and rlvon heavv "mo,l« ll,0H" W,,° Y^  ,.? ,    r    «m
nnd   u„d(T,vod   pimlHlmio,,,,     Oni, -J^, --5"^ ^,3^
land, Ih that of one of our 1,1011 nrmat. .th"' ' ^   '^ ' , £'     '    E
...1 In Cimhi.rland.   Wlmn brouKhl tn ,n ,}*T!]t} '° ?t       Sum
trial I... was ho badly boa.,,, up tbat l"™'"'^1'   ^'"t?        h,!!
he rf.ul.1 „,t Htnnd unsuppnrl.'d.   Thn 1u,hI,I°1' ,U ' "" T ,      1 - 1   „ r   im"
orlKlnal chargo agaliiHt lil,,, waa nia- "'"?•   ]'n]™ '"» " *^" ^ J"   'ff'
miss.'.! hut lm was liiim.>dlni«ly r-ai- U 1,,lR 1,n!!, 'i,,nr 0,>,,nHl1 °" "'"    "
t,.H.,,lonnrl.i.rK..ofl.nvl.m..HHnullod »""'^ tt"" !n!'"yt H ^ !!,     '
nu nrric-r wlill.. In jail, and ho Ih Mill ™^-™'   '">" *-\ ,n °rK11 ''V'",
r0i,fli,ci|                                               I novor boon onnrndoil excopt thoorot-
' , , ,! Ically. llm actual e.\nrclni> thoroor hnd
Arniod by the coal ciiiiipaiiliis nnd   ,„ 1)P foHKl|t fop-    Kvovy inr„| „„|n„
i-nibuldi'ii.-.|   hy  thoir froodom   fnnn * nIII, 0V0I.y oistrlrt nnd uiitloiial orgniv
Izatlon bus boon established In Rplto
of irnmonilmis opposition.   An oppohI-
lion which InvoU'od In many liutann-H
To the Editor, District Ledger. '
Dear Sir,—It seems to me that the
general idea,of the outside press is to
exaggerate the stories of the disturbances on Vancouver Island.   I wistf
you would give publicity to a few contradictions   of  the   World's  artist's
description as published iii your is--
sue  of August  23rd,      He  tries  to
make heroes of the militia and I must
certainly   challenge   that' assertion,
which 1 will do later on.'    I'arrived on
the scene after the damage was done,
and therefore am just as competent
to describe the scene and' incidents
as the World man. - He says that the
damage dono would necessitate several weeks work before    the    mine
could be opened, but the representative of the Canadian Collieries Co.,
in a conversation I had with him stated that the-mine could be worked, if
necessary in 24 hours.    Another item
is the probability of the loss of several lives in the mine.     I with three
other  men  explored  the  tunnel  for
nearly two miles and never saw signs
of any  one  having been  so  far in.
One  hundred  and  seventy  men   (?)
flew into the tunnel!   and the total
number of scabs wfns only about 70.-
And funnier still they sijy, "the mtie
not being freed from gas'fbr 70 ho-irvs."
Uow quickly the capitalist prs&s 1 is-
covers gas whensa scab is likely to be
in danger, and yet a union man can
travel nearly two miles In the tunnel
on an errand of mercy.     The state-,
ment that the militia helped the union
men to explore the mine ls false. Two
militia men went in about three yards,
but as soon as the smelted the smoke
they ran out.   Heroic! I don't think!"
Accompanied by another man I went
about -100 yards into the tunnel and
then came out, reporting to the officer In charge of the militia that thera
was no danger of the strikebreakers
being suffocated.    Two men from Ex
tension then camera with us, and we
went in nearly two miles, when our
lamps went out, and we beat it out
again.     On. reaching daylight again
the heroic militia    men had scooted.
Shortly after they left the chief of
police instructed the strikers to try
and bring the scabs down from the
hills to safety.     A strikebreaker reported that a body of his chums wi*h
:ifles  and  ammunition  were  in  the
'lills, so the strikers were given permission to get them down and protect
• hem.      THe  militia 1-ept away  th-j
next day and one scab was found under a house with a murderous looking
revolver fully loaded and more ammunition.     The final1 result was that
strikers were arretted wholesale and
Mackenzie'and Mann's hired thugs got
off Scott free.
Yours for industrial freedom,
The First Labor Day
The Spirit of Labor Day
piinlHliiuoiit tlio Htrlkohrcuk-nrs urnw
ii.o!'.; !n 11;-t*-;■;*Jit ami dcl'l.iiit, Our mon I
on,Mil y.i't nn proton Inn from tho n„-'
thorltlch and u rolun of mild torror ox-1
IhIoiI which finally oulmliiatod In an !
fiutbrenk. Aftor taking muck of 1 Iio '.
outbreak It wan found tlmt  thn i,"t i
Again, the social, economic and political questions peculiar to our day
and age are being studied as never
before. Workers are becoming students; they are taking lessons in political economy. This is most hopeful, indeed, because once they learn
the,value of political co-operation and
then practice it, the opposition with
which we now have to contend will be
Insignificant Indeed.
The future is brighter, tho situation
is better. As we assemble on Labor
Day this year let us gather new courage and new zeal, determined that the
coming year will witness still,further
progress.—U. M. W. A, Journal,   ■
A special convention of tho minors'
Federation of Great Britain has been
held in London tbls wook to discuss,
among other matters, tho question of
tho wages and conditions of surface-
nihil and tihe throo-shlft system In
Norihiuiiborlaiid. The interest taken
In tho conforonco wns shown by tho
presence of Ulfl delegates. The sue-
com of tho federation campaign
flgulnsi non-unionists was evidenced
by tho roport of an Increaso of nearly
IDO.iion In tho mmii'borfihlp of •tho fed-
oration, which now stands nt botwoon
000,001) nnd 700,000,
Unbind  closed  doors tlio convontlon
first diucuHsml sonic special biulnoss
nad  then proceeded to consider tho
draft rules for tho taking of a ballot
under tho Trade Union Act, 101'J, for
tlm formation of u political fund.   Tho
draft riilos, which have boon adoptod
by u ballot, voto of tho num. authorise
tho expenditure of union money on—
(a)  the payment of any expense Incurred cither direct ly or Indirectly by
a oandidato or prnHpoctlvu ciindlduto
t'ofvParllanu-iit, or to any ptiblU1 of«
flee; (b) on tin.* holding of uny -moot-
Ing or iho distribution of any literature In mipport ol' miy oaiidldulo; te)
on tho inaliitonaiico i>r any pornon who
In a  moiiilipr of piirltitmmit or who
hold a  public oi't'ico;   id 1  In connection with tlio roglHirutlon of oleotorR
or tlio Holortlon of a rnndldnt-n; nntl
(oi nn Um holding of political moot- j was Labor May IcglHliitlun, and Prion
lugH of aivy kind and tho distribution Ibrnunht It up.
of icjliiiriii lltornturn,    When tho ro-j    Yes, tho Mluo Worker* cf America
li'lrttriitlnii 'has   been   completed   the j hnvo great eniiHii for gratification lu
this yoar of 1013, nnd ihoy Hhould
nevnr forgot thnt thh proud distinction
of naming the dny wo all honor be-
longH to tlmni through n mombor of
mirorn wnn not tho opposition above j tloin  i,l,tuln.:;l   under   the   Osborm*; their calling und onn of tl,o best of
        jtidginoiil,        .' JniMii, itnhfrl Prion.
About tliis timo every yonr wo read
imii or iii.it mnn wus, ot is, llm littiiur
k. By Terrence V. Powderly
WASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 26.—I
read with interest and pleasure the official circular' issued by the national
officers calling on the membership to
fittingly .observe Labor Day. In referring to 'the growth, during the past
year, in membership,- the circular
says: "The United Mine Workers
have a special cause for gratification."
I rejoice in this evidence of good judgment on the part of those who cast
their lot with your superb organization. It is entitled to their co-operation aud support for its labors in their
behalf during so many trying years.
Every man wielding the tools of miner,
or. laborer in or around the mines
should be one with those who maintain the dignity of the craft aud demand for it that recognition whlch.lt
so well^ earns and to which it>is so
justly entitled.
Aside from the growth in membership there is another cause for gratification 01/ the part of the members
when contemplating Labor Day, Its
why and wherefore. It was a miner,
a coal miner, who gave to labor's holiday the' name "Labor Day," Robert
Price, "Boh," we called him—was the
first man so far as known to, call It
by that name. I wrote a brief history
of Labor Day some years ago, and an
enterprising, romantic pencil pusher
went me one better by adding something to what I had written. He went
on to say that "Suddenly the tall
form of Bob 'Price loomed up in the
gallery and, shaking with emotion,
leaned far out over the railing. Catching the eye of Powderly, he made a
motion that we call this Labor Day,"
That was all very 'pretty; it reads
well and listens good, but Bob Price
was not up in the gallery, as every old
Knight of Labor well knows, for we
all sat and stood upon a level with
each other. It wasn't a base ball
game lhat young man was describing
and anyway Price didn't catch my
eye; he couldn't from where he stood.
It happened this way:
The general assembly of the
Knights of Labor met' in New York
City" September 5, "18S2. -Mathew Mc-
Guire, secretary of the New York Central Labor Union, notified the body on
convening that the organized workingmen of New York would parade
that afternoon and mvited the • general assembly to review the parade
from the grand stand in Union
Square. The invitation was accepted
and as General Master Workman, I
acknowledged the dipping of, the colors of each local body as it passed the
stand. Around me stood the general
officers aiid a number of others who
wore not officers, among them Louis
F. Post aud Rev. Hugh O. Pentacost.
Worthy Foreman, Richard , Griffiths,
and back of us with a hand on each
of our shoulders stood Robert Price,
who was a member of the General
Executive Board at the time. Leaning over my shoulder as the parade
of 20,000 earnest men marched steadily on Price said to Griffiths: "This is
Labor Day in earnest, Uncle Dick,"
You will observe that from such a position he couldn't very well catch my
eye, but he did catch my attention,
and thnt night in our room we discussed the Labor Day parade and tho
possibility of making It an annual feature of organized labor's plea* for recognition—not alone by employers, but
by everybody,
In tho short history which I wrote
of Lnbor pay will ba found the dates
on which tho bill was presented to the
vnrlous state legislatures, tho nnmes
of thoso who presented tho measure,
the dates on which the bills received
tho signatures of tho various governors.
On January ■!, 18S7, Senator Ed-
ward F. Reilly presented the bill to
thn Now York sonnto and It became
law when Governor Hill signed It. on
May fi, ISS7.
lion. ,1, J, Dalny-introduced tho bill
In thn Oregon legislature on January
17,1887, nnd It rocolved thn signature
of thn governor of that stato on Fob-
mnry 21 of thnt year.
It will bo seen that while Now York
first Introduced tho hiwiHiiro'to Uh
InglHlnturo, Oregon was the first Htnto
to pass tho Lnhor Day )nw.
Flvo years nftor tlio naming of tho
dny by Robert Price tho monsurn
parsed into .statute law. Iu the nieuu-
11 nm members of organized labor iuul
their frleiulti kept up nn agitation for
ItH I'eeoKiiltlon. LntterB wnro wrltton
tlio Kovornora of thn vnrlous stntoH
by tho then (Innornl Mnstor Workman
of tho KnlghlH of Labor iirglnff thorn
to I'oi'nnimoi,,! the measure to-thn leg.
One of tho first, If nol,thn first, to
wait on a governor was Robert I'rli-o
of liiiiiiieoiilng, Md., with a con,mitten
of coal miners, Among tho mnttni's
dlHciiHHod tlmt  day * (I   wus   pri-Honf,
it and accounted for his name being
used from the fact that 'Matthew Mc-
Guire,' heretofore mentioned, had been
so prominent in the work of pushing
the movement forward. •■
In the days when .the work was in
progress we needed workers, no fathers, and it was' no easy task to get
influential men interested in the various states. N ,
Labor Day means^ar more than
looking up among the limbs of its
family tree .for its father; it means
more than the parade which should be
held and which evidences the growth
of organized labor; it"means more
than an excursion or a picnic where
greased poles are climbed and greased
pigs are chased to the tune, possibly,
of "Everybody's Doing It"; it means
more than baseball games or other
sports. All these ore good and help
along, but on Labor Day thought
should be given to the future of labor
and of everything pertaining to it. A
thought which suggests itself for consideration ls: What tax do you pay on
your home? If you don't own a home
of your own you are paying tax on
some other man's home, make no mistake about this. Is the tax rate in
your city or town equitable? Does it
bear on all alike, or Is there a lot of
workers who, after all, pay tax on
The army of organized labor is an
army of peace; it abhors tho killlnk
of man by his,brother whether done
individually or by wholesale. It real-i
izes that the fighters in our armies
are the workers, the creators of
wealth and values; that on their
shoulders-must fall the dread, task of
killing tlieir own brotners who may
be of other races or creeds; they realize that wlien the' slaughter is halted
they must repair the loss through increased taxation and .by hard labor.
It seems to me that if the organized
workers of this nation should on next
Labor Day send a message to the
President of the United States saying
that they do not want war with our
brothers of Mexico and stand behind
him in his effort to maintain peace,
they would be doing a good thing.
Anyway, who the father o£ Labor
Day was" is not so important as: What
are we going to do witn it this year
and every coming year?—U. II. W. A.
Bellevue Hotel
Best Accommodation  In  the  Pass.— -*,.
Up-to-Date — Every    Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine. •     ■
J. A. CALLAN, Prop.
John A. McDonald
,-   Special Representative
Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada
Agent "
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 per month
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE Box 22
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
The production of coal in 1911 reached the great total of 534,466,080 short
tons, according to a statement by Ed-
ward W. Parker, coa-1 statistician, just
dssued by the U, S. Geological Survey.
This year the report on the coal industry of the United States begins the
fourth decade in which coal statistics
■have been published annually by the
Hip loan of human llfn: human suffer- j federation .will amiln bo In u poaltioii
inir ami wur>. j,0  niuliTtiiko  political  action,  from
That  wliMi fiiiiHpd Dip ivirly |i>:h1-! which li ban been debarred dm havo
ers of the labor innvenioiil the moat | all other IlrltUh  uiiIoiih)  by Injun—
.. t
REMEMBER!   Tlie ointment
you put on yqur child sskiriKfts
into tlie system just as Rtirely as
food tlie child eats. Don't let
im|)iiri! f.-itsnml mineml coloring
inati'.r Chucli as many of the
c!u;.f) ointments contain)'get'
'"■■'it >-mr ••litM's Mnod? 5f,im-
lluk is r-'Tejyherbal, No poin*
(■<■, ,:■: i <■luring. Vm* Jr nhvnj',1.
5Qi. Prf* ul All Dntgthh ani Stmt,
■••nl   tr,    inti   (nnfmil   tbo   llldlfffr-
t'tiei* nf IIta worVflrw.   It was hard to
arousH nnd lntoro»t them.   Thin wim
lliu* io various ciiiimm, fear, seifUhn".-:•
ami hjmfctlimr-s  dop-alr.    F.vmrv  *t«i.
dent or* thc movement learned that If
the worker* would organize iimi win-
... ii ■
V.I IV,   'niVtl'l.-*** i H  ■*■   ..it,...:n   '■•■■   '     *    .*•
them from compelling recognition,!
Ami ro tIifh cihicntlnnnl worl; ha*
gono forward until now the worfcrw
nrrf aroused as novor before. In wli).
brntlnir Labor Day thin year we run
look Into the future with new roiir.u'e
Mill  MW   hl,V..-.      Wl'  A.m  !i:>.'.-  (V.e.0-!
Hon, but iiiHtend of relftrdhn? our
tu-iWi.'..;. It. I-i fn;:plrtn;t '* r-.-'-'-T •!■•*
termination to persevere uiiivaj-d. It
prompts tlm qucntlon, Why wmihltho
forces which op|if»«ff us do tr, if our
labor nnRinUatUm* w(«r» not a uomd
thlrter for th« toller*? The very nature of the opposition t* sufficient to
Inettf m tn reitoui>»»il «u<»m,
TV tfntferr-nee nV'o wVK'prt tn de-
niimil a ir. per cent, rnlso In wagciii of,  , ,  ,     , ,    ,   . .   ,   .  „.. „
Kiirrucu workoi'8 in tho ml.il.iH' diH.I »f •«''»«'l>a)'.   He fac  Ih, Labor Day
iricn.wlih a vunv to IHU holiiK a pre *f ,M ***>'/»""''• ilf ,no. °«\ "'
llmlimry »toj» tu nn organized demand '"^ ,,fl' cttn ln;v c,nl"J, ° »«<*.?•»«"•
for a minimum wago of $1,2.1 per doy I mMw] tmternlty,,    Thin morning a
iin    mlfliltu*   'iWitrtteT*.      »Vau>'»|fi iv.u:'i>H>; , "'."    '    *   *    *    •'' /
wiih nlRo exproHflftd nt tho''anion of lPr,tol ^'«uoth«r romance, no doubt,
tho (lorornmont with reference to tho Ci\!!f' "!> «»o and Insinuated tlmt I
labor troubles on the Hand, and the j mluht bo   tho   particular  father  In
hopo   wnn   oxproMwl ihat tho mon' amn-uioii.   My reply wus: "I nm not;
mlidit micce-ml In their agitation for «»> ' •■■•■ was to help tho hnby nlonn
bettor conilltlonH of work ami higher! nfter Hob Price ehrUtcncil It,   Wo nil
ini.tti. 'sUvoiiie ajfimttthy •*»« al«o ex- \fm* » fl''»"'   **n,. noir Mint it in no
presmHl with tho mliiem In Holland «roni(, independent, nnd. coromiimls
■'.ho. V K'X:* atntcf, ..ii-i V"n prevent-' inch  ni)lver«,-ij  renpeet,  I don't care  Petiimvlvaiiln In  1M2 «howi>il nn  In-
«.T hy  IJio authorities from hohlln«jvho ttmy be  called  Its father,"   He J rr««e of J7,M1.2:H alioH - toim.   West
mooHnjca In 'public bulldlngn In onlcr asked If P. J. MrOuiro, tho honored j Vlrginln'ii Incroano In 1012 wiih <l,0r.5,^
to lutprovo tho orgdillMtloii.   It'%'»»Iscrrmry of tho IJrotherhood of C*r*  H*" tons.  Illinois lncr«i»«l Its pTO&w*
decided to eontrlbiito $j,1,*i» toward («  p**ntcr», did not. irnmo T^ibor Hay.   I Hon hy fl.SOfl.lOU tons, Ohio by 3.708.-
"GeologicarSurv"ey;—In 1882;rtlie~fIrsT
year of this period, the total coal production of the United States had
reached 103,551,189 short tons. In 1912
the production - of - bituminous coal
alone in the State oLPennsylvania exceeded that figure by nearly 60 per
cent, and the combined production of
•bituminous cgal. -and anthracite 'in
Pennsylvania in 1912 was two and one-*
quarter times the total production of
thc United States of 1882.
Tho total production of tho United
States in 1912 was more than five
times that of 1882. In 1882 tlio United
States' was a noor seooivd anioiig tho
coal-producing countries of tlio world,
Great Britain having an output exceeding that of this-country by. about
70 per cent. The United States supplanted Great Britain as tho premier
conl-produclng country in 1899, and In
1912 It was ns far abend of.Grait Brit,
ttln ns that country was nhed of tho
United States In 1882, Tho Unltod
States nt present is contributing 40
per cont. of tho world's supply ot conl.
All Records Broken in 1912
In 1912 tho production of coal In tho
United States not only surpnssed nil
previous toinmgo records, but tho uv-
orago value por ton exceeded that of
nny normal year In tho M years for
which statistics aro avallablo, Thoro
has been only ono year whon prices
generally *woro higher than In 1912,
«nd that was IMS.
Tho wain In output In 1912 over 1911
was 38,0!)ri,*l.rj| tons and tho Incroaso
in valuo was .09,010,8(10. Tho production of -bituminous coal Increased
I'rom-IO.-.OOT.OriO short tons to -150,104.-
082 tons, a gain of 1-1,107,02:1 tons,
with an Increaso of % 6, 07, 2H In \nl-
uo. Tho (iocroiiHod production of an-
thraclto ninoiintliiK to 0,102,10!) short
tons, wnn due entirely to tho suspension of mining in April nnd Mny, whon
practically tho ontlro region wan lillo,
Thn faetors which eontrllmtod to
tho IncmuKml output of blluinliious
coal woro (I)'tho revival In tho Iron
and Hteel Industry, which tttlmtilalixl
production In tho KiiHlorn Hliitns, tho
anal iiiailo Into coko hIiowIhk, nlouo,
nu Iiutciihp of nearly 6,0110,000 tons;
(2) bumper cropH of grnlii nnd -othor
agrlciil-tural produets, which pnvo proR-
purity lo tho farming 'eommiuiMoB of
tlio Mlddln WoHt; (II) docrnnHliw sup-
plleu or natural -Win and Iuul oil In
the Mld-('oiitlnrmt field nnd tlmlr con-
Hoquont loHBonod compotltlon with
coal from tho floutluvostcrn Rtates:
(■II Inrrniifled conmimpllnn hy rail-
raids and In noarly all lliios of ninnii-
facturliig; (5) activity In tho milling
tiiv! smeltlm' nf Iho nvoplntin nnd nnml-
proelnus motJvlH In tlio Hooky Moiin«
tain nml I'ncUic Htato», Tliiwu Um-
tor«i combhicd ininio tho year 1912 ono
of the rafher ntt* proupcrniiB y*«nr«
In Uili mining of bltuiiilnoiin coal.
Incremed Production In 21 Btntes
ftr ii,,. o» ot.,t,„ i,. ,,,i,i„i, , ,..i  ...,,,
JnK may ba considered to bo conducted on a commercial basin, thore were
21 In which tho output of 1012 showed
„nn Incraiao ovor 1911, and In all but
two of tbo Important SUites tho In-
ermine In vnluo wiu Rroator than tho
Inernnsi* In tonn.ii*o, '
In tho production of bituminous coal
fund of 15.000 that la bclnjx nilsod j wnn in position to any no to that, for
with tho object of building a hall for 11 talked the matter over with P. J,
tho t.K»Uih twluuV;*.—TUu VuUu,
itcQuk-c M,ud Un aUcUlmed cvcdlt far I,W,T79   ton.?,   Vfrglnfa  by DSt.DTt
711 ton«, Kcritufthy hy 2,H0,R18 tornt,
Indiana hy I.0SI.363 tons, Alabamw hy
Cemetery Notice
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery'kept in
good condition for the season, at a, reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with the undersigned.
.   -.-i - Funeral Directors .-. -   , ■
Watch for
Our . . .
& Labor
A Review of Labor and
Industry in the Pass...
Profusely Illustrated
Published Se_bt, 12tk.
!>•■ •■'*>
' /?
Established April 1899
Wholesale  and Retail   TohdtCCOnist
Baths and Shoe Shine
Our Coffee is Good
Great Northern
Train'for south leaves Fernie at 12.43 p.m.
daily except Sunday, making close connection with
through main line trains for alleasteru wid southern points, through mainline trains to Kansas City
and Chicago without change.
Connection with all lake and Atlantic steamship lines. ■ .
How the West Virginia
Miners Beat Coal Barons
Continuedf-om Last Week
PHONE 161.
BOX 305.
The question Is asked.   We
answered: "Look around you
and see. -
, '• .   ■**
Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Advancing, '...  ... ...  .. ..
'* __        _
tlon?   If you are we can show
• you a place you can make a
big profit on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Are
r 11
Dirt Cheap. "
fernie,:b, C
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills(iManager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phones—Special Rates by the month
European Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upwards
Amorlcan Plan Rates
$2.00 per Day
8AM GRAHAM, Minagir
Thomson & Morrison
wore the FIRST PRIZE and the GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because thoy are THE BE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all the time at
Funeral Directors
Fertile* B. C
Local Accnts
Order* taken throughout the Pasu
. With the passing of summer and
.the falling of the leaves of autumn
came the approaching days of winter.
Christmas was not far away. These
miners, innately a deeply religious
people, never forget the birthday of
the -Car,penter, The children must
have clothing and shoes to protect
their little bodies from the biting cold
of winter. Mother Jones never forgets
the little „ones. While others had
left for home to spend the holidays
with their families, Mother Jones stayed on the scene of battle.
On Christmas eve she hold a monster meeting at Esltdale. On Christmas Day she held another great meeting at Holly Grove, and the miners'
families, even the little children, came
to hear her inspiring words. They
put now hope in the hearts of the
miners. The relief orders of the
unlou are known throughout the district as "Mother Jones' Bread Checks."
An extra allowance was made the
miners for their Christmas.
Quinn Morton and His Armored Train
Failing to break the strike by the
use of the 'State government, the
militia, the courts, the army of thugs,
and the suffering of winter, the operators were growing desperate. Such
fighting determination was something new to them. They had befcome
used to unprotesting submission on
the part of the slaves of the mines.
They now summoned to tlieir assistance the Chesapeake and Ohio
Railway Company. The company gladly responded, giving an illustration of
the solidarity of capital, 'ihe railroad
company took a baggage car to their
shops at Huntington and lined it with
iron and steel plate, with portholes
from which to fire rifles and machine
guns. On one dark night in February,
1913, they manned this car with railroad police and.company thugs, armed
to the teeth. On 'board was the notorious Quinn -Morion, a bitter enemy of
unionism, the Sheriff of the county,
and his deputies.
When this armored train pulled out
of Cabin Creek Junction and went on
its journey of murder, the men put
out all the lights. About two miles
away was the tented village of Holly
Grove, filled with the miners' families
peacefully sleeping, unconscious of the
oncoming disaster. Just as the train
reached the outskirts of the village a
signal,was given by the engineer, and
a veritaible hell of fire was rained into
the homes of the miners. In the roar
of two machine guns doing their murderous work. After the train had passed, Quinn Morton, superintendent of
two large coal companies, said, "Boys,
let's go back and give them another
This night attack made the women
and children terror stricken., When
day dawned they found their homes
pierced through and through with
bullets. Susco Bstep, a young miner
with a wife and several small children,
was cold In death, murdered hy a bullet from one of the machine guns. Mrs.
Hall, a miner's wife, had both feet
shot to pieces, making her n cripple
for life. It was a miracle that a score
or moro wore not killed. Only Providence could have saved them.
The massacre of Holly Grove
shocked tho nation. Tho story of this
unspeakable crime Is to be found In
the records of tho Senatorial .Investigation Committee. Following this mas-
sacro came the report that another attack was to bo made 'by tho armored
train. The mlners/'to meet it, got out.
tlieir guns, ' Threo days later, when
tho minors wero looking for tho attack, h clash came botwoon the armed
guards and tho minors at Mucklow, ln
which a number woro killed on both
Thon again camo "martial law,"
with its tinhorn eoldldrs to do' the
work of (brooking tho Htrlko, Came,
too, tho "military commission," and
onco again 'commenced the farce of
railroading tho minora to tho iponlten-
tlary, Wholosalo arrests -followed.' At
ono tlmo more than 200 minors filled
tho military "hullpenB.," Thon tlio
Govornor introduced tho barbarous
"lottros dp caoliot," formerly hhoiI In
tho days of despotism In France, .by
which ho Bent Ills uniformed uniltj-
cartQB to othor parts ot tlio State out.
nldo of tho martial law zone ond seized
"oirltators" nnd othor "undcsl-fablo
Among tlioHo thus abductod wore
Mothor Jonos, tlio odltor of tlio Labor
Argus, 'Paul J. Paulson, ClmrloB Titxi-
lay nnd mnny othorn, all floclnllHtH,
AttornoyB for tho minora again ap*
pnalod to tho Supremo Court for writs
of liabons corpus, They word again
granted, but on tlio hearing the court
rofiidod to discharge tha prisoners,
holding the astounding * doctrine thnt
the will of tho Govornor was tho only
law, and that ho could snatch citizens
from thoir homos In any part of tlio
Stato and try thorn -by Uln Infamous
military court. An nipponl was thon
made by tho miners' counsel to the
■Plr-Milt' Court' c? Kanawha Ptujity for
n writ of prohibition tn provont Hit*
military court proceeding with tho
trials, The writ was Issued, hut upon
the hearing it, too, w«ft dismissed and
the prisoners remanded to tlio military
commission for trial, Tho trials wont
lil,  Ainj,  fettkttfc-UUe*   t,*-t\: UllpbMUt  Upon
tho prisoners, In many cases approximating fiftoon years,
Hatfield Becomes Governor
In the meantime, nnd during the
trlnls of Mothor Jones and about fifty
others, Governor Hatfield succeeded
Governor Glasscock. Tho trials woro
halted to permit tho mllltln officers
ind members of tliu '.Governor's staff
to attend Uie Inaugural ceremonies,
After that the trlatr prowseded and
sentences imposed, fly this time the
"military comraUslon," an institution
forbidden by English Uw as wrly as
Magna Chorta, In tho year 1213, was
bocomtng known throughout tho entire nation.  /
A mighty protest began to .be heard,
even in the halls of Congress, and an
investigation was called for by the
country. Although the military court
imposed sentences, the new Governor
refused to approve them. He sent
ths prisoners to various jails over the
State and held them until about the
22nd of 'May, when they were released.
With the advent of the Hatfield
regime, ot.hec attempts were made to
effect a settlement. A conference was
held between the officials of,'the Paint
Creek 'Collieries Company and the officers of the miners' union, and at
which a tentative settlement was arrived at, depending on the final approval of President Connell, who was
then absent from the country. The
publication of this settlement sent
consternation into the other operators, especially those on Cabin Creek.
They then exhibited for the. first
time a willingness to negotiate for a
Governor Hatfield, assuming the
role of arbitrator, made a proposition
both to the operators and Winers .This
proposition, while calling for some
minor concessions on the part of the
operators, did not carry the important
provision of the recognition of the
miners''union or the right to organize, a right without which the other,
rights could not be protected. The
operators, sqeing an opening to deal
the union a blow, promptly accepted
the Governor's proposal, tout shrewdly
placing their own construction on the
"right to organize." With customary
deception, the operators accepted "in
had faith, and, as was soon proven,
had no intention to live up to the
Miners Accept Compromise '
The miners' union, believing that
such an important matter should be
passed upon by theminers themselves,
called a delegate convention to meet
In'Charleston. The meeting, was held
with 107 delegates present." For four
days the. convention discussed the
Governor's ".proposal, which tjiey finally adopted, repudiating, however,.' the
false construction placed on the same
by the wily operators. The operators
even went so far as to promise to
obey the law—a revolutionary step for
them to take..
s &   '
Now came the attempt  to  operate
the mines under this new agreement.
From the outset the operators' commenced to discriminate against miners
expressed ;\greemer^. TI\e agreement,'
carrying the right of organization, the,,
miners carried on the work- of getting
men into their union. The operators
resented this., by putting their blackjack gang of thugs to work in beating up the organizers and discharging
members of the union. The operators violated the agreement in practically every particular, making it
utterly impossible for the miners to
work under it.
Conditions becoming more unbearable, If possible, than ever before, another strike was called June 28, 1913.
This resulted in tying up the entire
section,   and   the   non-union   miners
poured into' the union by the hundred.
On July in, the Paint Creek Collieries
Company signed up  with tho  union
vvlth full recognition, agreeing to the
check-off.    Othor companies on  the
s.imo creok quickly followed suit.   On
July  20  nn agreement was  entered
Into with the Cabin 'Creek and Coal
Itiver   oporators,    This   agreement,'
however,  does not enrry tho chock-
off, though recognizing tho right to
organize, the componles agreeing to
funilHh tho minors a placo to meet on
the property of tho company.
New River Fields Invaded
During the winter months plans had
been Rilontly laid to Invade and or-
ganlzo tho famous Now Hlvor section.
Land   had   been   leased   and   tents
shipped liv to house thp'miners when
tho work of eviction* should*, bo commenced.   On April 10 a notable con-
vontlon ot Now River minors wns hold
at the town of Montgomery, at which
tlmo resolutions Vero adopted calling
for a joint convontlon of tlio minors
nnd operators of tlio Now Illver flold,
to moot at .Charleston on May 10, for
tho purpose of negotiating nn ngreemont for thnt flold,
The (Into for tho convention rolled
around and dolomites from the Now"
niver field lo the number of 12!> mot
In tho 0(1*1, Follows Hall nt tho City
of Cliiitieston, but the operators wore
conspicuous by thoir absence, not ono
of thorn showing up.   Hownvnr, this
did not discourage tho miners,  Plans
wore laid to carry thnlr demnnds further, with tho view of a final settlement, a now District No, 20 wns organized. Booing Hint tho minors meant
buslnoss nnd   wore   determined   to
strike, If nccoBsnry, to gain tliolr demands, tlio operators began to make
overtures for a sottlomoht,    On May
29, a settlement had practically 'boon
reached; this, howevor, was repudiated tlio noxt dny by cortaln of. the Now
IV.vcr cpcr.'ilcr:', r.ru! r.;r.tttw dttMic-i
nlontr for nnothnr month, 'wh«m n tlnnl
settlement wns reached.   An Important provision of that settlement was
tho recognition by tho operators of
tho minors' right to organize  It also
gavo thorn the soml-monthly pay day
wm itxtnir junior prtih i»ioji».    Imtinr
that agreement tho minors of tho Now
Illvor section nre now operating, Tho
success of the settlement will depend
on tho good fnlth shown by tho operators.
Two Important Incidents
Retracing the steps of this story of
the mining strugglo, wo must mention
two Incidents of the Kreaittiit iuipuv
inncf, Ono of these was tho Investigation by a committee of the United
States Senate, and tho othor thn work
of the committee appointed by the
National Executive CommlttM of tha
Socialist Party.
Th»» M*nat« Commute* was appointed primarily for tbo purpose to In
quire into svhether West Virginia had
a . republican-,--, form of government.
They could hardly 'believe the stories
of the lawless military commission.
The resolution.of Senator Kern calling for the investigation met strenuous opposition. Senators Goff and
Chilton' of West Virginia, backed by
the capitalist press of the State and
much of the nation, made every effort to stay the investigation. But it
finally won by an overwhelming majority, and the committee was composed of Senators Borah, Shields,
Kenyon, Martine and Swanson.
Immediately after their appointment they came to tlie City of Charles-
ton and commenced the hearings. A
delegation of hired attorneys representing the operators hurried to
Washington and tried to scare the
members of the committee by telling
them that their coming to W^st Virginia would precipitate civil war. The
committee answered that in that event
it was Important that they come at
once, and come they did. The New
York World, in a scathing editorial,
pilloried^ the coal barons of the State
for their infamous nerve, and said if
such conditions as tbat existed the
regular army of the United States had ■
better begin nianeuvres at once. The
sittings of'fhat committee have become memorable in the labor annals
of America. ^
Scenes at Hearing Indescribable'
.■ Neither   tongue   or   pen. car.   adequately describe the scenes that took
place in the   committee   room.   - The
committee  heard   from   eyewitnesses
and   victims  of  the  operators, men,
women and children, the awful stories
of heartlessness and brutality of the
reign of industrial barbarism in these
mountains.    These   stories   are   embalmed in the first part of the report
of .the;committee,'  published by the
government,   containing   more   than
1,200 pages. These stories moved even
the-*staid Senators to expressions of
indignation.     Senator   Martine   especially was, horrified at the tales that
were  told   by  the  women who were
beaten by  operators'  thugs.    Saying
that he had  enough  to  satisfy him,
Senator Borah left, after a few days,
for Washington.   The harlot press of
Charleston then   commenced   libeling
the. members of the committee in an
.effort  to   minimize   the   report   that
they knew must be made.    This was
one body of men the'operators could
'Another spectacular incident of the
fight was the confiscation of the labor
press.   The Labor Argus and the Huntington Socialist and Labor Star took
exception to the Governor's proposed
settlement, and in characteristic labor
■paper style minced no words about it.
Fearing that the strains of the anvil
chorus would frighten the timid "dove
of peace," the Governor swooped down
on these- papers with ,his militiamen,
captured  the editors and  employees
and   carrying   away   and   destroying
their property.
In tills high-handed and villainous
proceeding, General Elliott, who had
nervous prostration every time a flee-
,Ing rabbit rattled the dry.grnss, played
a heroic part, assisted by "Major"
Davis. Thoy took hammers and broke
some of thc property of the Huntington .paper, Invaded tho home of Editor
Thompson in the night time and
searched his house'for suspected Incriminating papers. They jailed
Thompson and tho other, employees of
the paper, The Labor Argus had its
galloys confiscated and Us subscription' list seized. Boswell, Its editor,
was nlroarty in jail, and it wns being
edited by an ablo relay of volunteers,
National Socialist Party Gets Busy
The Natlonnl Executive Commltteo
of tho Socialist party was aroused to
action by this assault upon tliolr press,
It appointed a committee composed of
Eugene V. Dobs, Adolpli Germer and
Victor Berger, ex-Congressman.
Tho commlttoo came at once to
Cha/loBton and commoncod its Investigation, Its arrival "horo crontod
'quite a Qommollon in capitalist circlos.
At onco tho strong hand of military
power was stnyed, Tho jail doors
commenced to opon for tho Imprisoned minors, Govornor Hatfield requested nn Interview wltjj Mr, Dobs, and
lnto*r with tho entire commlttoo, Tha
commltteo received; the assurance
from thP Govornor thnt ho wns In favor of unionism, nnd would uso tho
power of IiIh offlco to protoct tho
minors In this right,
The gront West Virginia struggle
has ljcon fruitful of lasting benefits,
It Is doubtful If tho nnnnla of labor
contain tho slory of a more Inspiring
effort to throw off*tho galling yoke
of Industrial mastery, For doendns
tho minors of these mountains have
borne tho oppressions of tho operators almost In silence, Without a
press or nny othor effective means of
publicity, they had no way of tolling
their! story to tho world. Jlut the last
)%>nr has told it, and the tolling has
III*.',',  !i.    w.Ui.il*-..     luiit.i    ll.ut    ivtlittUUi-
ntfld 'round th" world.
With the coming of unionism tho
dark clouds pnrt and reveal tho first
rays of tho sun of liberty. Thoro Is a
now song In the hearts of tho miners,
a now buoyancy In'Ihelr bearing, and
a new light m infir «*i)*-h. 'trie •determination that won for thorn tho rights
that tho operators hnvo now been
forced to recognlzb is going to win for
thorn much moro In tho coming years.
For those men of the mountains
havo learned things In this war. Not
alone havo thoy lenrw.d \)w necessity
of Indtmtrlnl unionism, thoy hnvo also
Wttwl th« ImporUuiitt uf political
unionism. In the fall of WIS, during
the blftflrost moments of the rontest,
tho minors or the strlko section went
to the ballot box and ott.cted miners
to office. Among tlwm was Ilrant A.
Scott and Squire Tlrltton, justices of
tho peace, two constat)!-** and members of the  aehool board.    In  tho
County of Kanawha, the Socialist'
ticket polled nearly 5,000 votes, not
counting the hundreds that were admittedly thrown out by the cor'rup-
Miners 90 Per Cent. Socialists
About 90 per cent, of the miners are
Socialists, and they are already at
work to capture, not alone the County
of Kanawha, but the entire 3d Con-
gressionaf District. No place in America is the working class so hopeful as
here. The political and industrial
movement is going hand in hand, and
with this invincible army of labor
victory is assured/ .
The victory won by the West Virginia miners was not won alone. It
would have been impossible without
the assistance of their brothers in the
mines of the unionized States. From
them came the food, clothing and shelter for the strikers. From them came
the means to finance the work of organization. Without the assistance of
the United Mine Workers of America
and its able'officials, the fight would
long ago have been lost. The world
has never witnessed a greater exam-
pie of the solidarity of labor. The
miners of other States knew that this
was their fight. It was an effort to
raise the condition of the miners in
West Virginia to the condition of the
union miners of other States. Acknowledgment must also be made to
the Socialists of the counfry for their
help. They, too, sent tlieir funds o
the miners and lent them ail possible
As one scans the work of other
years, from the pinnacle of the labor
world today, he must marvel at the
rapidity of labor's advance. This advance has been made not alone in
numbers and financial power, but
most of all in intelligence and education. ', The lessons that have' been
learned are of lasting importance. The
lesijon that tlie cause of labor is the
cause of the working class in all lands
will bear wonderful, fruitage in the
years to come. The growing solidarity of the workers will cement them
into an invincible army that wiTl conquer the world. It comes as a belated answer *.o the call of the Carpenter for a world-wide federation of
the working class. Modern machinery, with its fairy-like productive
power, gorging the capitalist" class
with limitless wealth wrung from the
workers, has forced the world-wide
solftlarity of capital.
Having a common cause against "this
new despotism, the workers must
meet it with a solidified working class.
Tliis lesson-, once learned means the
ultimate and final emancipation of the
workers. :*And this lesson is being
taught today with a new emphasis,
United, the working class is invincible; divided, its doom is certain.
For about two years now the bar-
quentine Archer, a boat of 900 tons
gross, has been running on' producer
gas on the Pacific Coast in the neighborhood of San Francisco. According
to a writer in Power, the vessel and
it§ plant have been decidedly successful. The producer has a capacity of
300 horse-power, and is neither an up-
draught nor a down-draught one, but a
combination of both types. The washers employed for cleaning the gas are
several in number, but are all of the
centliugal form. Neither tower scrubbers nor dry scrubbers are used. The
fuel Is choap lignite, having a percentage of moisture and ash, and costs
from 7s. to lis. per ton, Little trouble, it is reported, is experienced from
the formation of clinker, provided,the
produced Is properly looked after. The
exhaust pipe of tlie main engine is'furnished with a heater, which supplies
steam for keeping the clinkers hi the
producer soft. A 20 horse-power
petrol-electric set generates the auxiliary power when the main engine is
idle, this power being used for driving
the air compressors—whereby presumably M19 deck machinery is operated—
and for lighting purposes. When the
boat is, under way a generator is driven by belt from the main engine and
the petrol-electric set is shut down.
Two men only—a fireman arid an engineer—are required or, each shift.—
The Science and Art of Mining.
How   About   Your
The average -toiler digs all his life
and finds that he has done nothing in
It is /apparent that a man can't be a
good parent until he has enough to
feed, clothe and educate his children
'he  family  remedy   for   Coughs   and Coldi
Shiloh costs bo  little   and does   ?o much!'
Noted doctors have said that house- -
work   is   the -best   form   of   physical
exweise   for   women—for it not only
The healthy woman ENJOYS her
housework—she takes pleasure in keeping things spick and span—and it costs
her' practically no effort to do so—because she is ITEA.LTII1'.
'(. i*-
'Are you healthy?   Do you find your
housework 'pleasant and invigorcitingV-
Or do you dread at ibecause you don't
feel "just right"? That "don't feel
just Tlgiht" sensation may NOT be
worth seeing a doctor about—tout it is
a pretty "certain indication that you
are suffering from Indigestion, Constipation, Biliousness or Dyspepsia.
Next time you don't ifeel "just right"
just try 15 drops of Mother Seigel's
Curative Syrup. You'll get relief—
tiuickly.   ■
England has TESTED and PROVEN.
for-ovfcr-40*yva*r5,r*its "worth;—There-it
is recognized as a standard remedy.
It is,•almost ipurely herbal—Nature's
own   remedy Jtor  disordered stomach.
Price $1.00.   Trial size 50c.
You can get Mother Seigel's Curative Syrup at
H. G. GOODE VE CO., Ltd.
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
Wc will furnish your houso from collar to garrot
and at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phone or
Wiro.     All   ordors  givon ■ prompt attention,   . *
Coleman, -        Alta.
If you are satisfied tell others.   J f not satisfied tell .us
Grand Unions
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A. CLAIR •'-•• Proprietor
Steam Heated Throughout
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Ratei $2.J|0 per «J«y
With Hnvate Bath $J.U0
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property PAGE FOUR
©ft* Mzltitl ttbytrt
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance... An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Ad-
vertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM     Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
Under the caption "Reaping tlie Whirlwind,"
the Vancouver Province of August 27 take tiie U.
M. W. of A. and its officials to task and attempts
to shunt tlie blame for tlie closing down of No. 1
shaft of tlie Western Fuel Company's Mine upon
the former. It does not require a microscopic ex-
' "amination to see tliat the article is inspired against
what is termed "An American Union."
Jn the first place it has been distinctly stated by
Frank Farrington,;' who lias charge of the men's affairs at the Coast, that the Coal Company could
have had all the men they required to run the
pumps and preserve the mines from flood, they
were told this on more than one occasion. "Wc.do
not care to state positively what reasons the coal
operators have for flooding the mine, but one thing
is certain—they have themselves to blame. All the
lying of operators and press cannot"repudiate this.
There is known to have existed for some months a
very bad fire in an inaccessible portion of the workings and, if this is correct, the reason for flooding
the mine is apparent to all mining men. The same
thing happened in No. 8 mine, Michel, during the
late strike in District 18.
To say the men will have to reap the whirlwind
sown by tlieir leaders is puerile aud just another
attempt to discredit the 'organizers of the U. M. W.
of A. ■■
To instance the absurdity of a paper like Ihe
_J!uo-v.iucc— at-tciivotin0*—to—discrodit^-an—American—labor organization, let us'consider this journal's position from a purely mechanical viewpoint.   Tn common with oilier Coast papers' this journal has  a
signed  agreement with, the  International  Typo-
, graphical Union, and possibly the Stercotypers and
Eloctrotypers Union, ami the Pressmen's Union, all
of which are "International" and have headquarters on the other sido.   Tlio Province is printed on
nn American machino made in America.   Tt is also
"set up" on an American linotype (or if not an
American made machine, then an American patented machine).    When the machinery  was  erected,
American tradesmen erected it, more than likely.
If the Province can buy its paper cheaper in the
.States than in Canada it is nonsense for them to
, slop and consider tlie number of families who will
be affected by tlieir net.   If they can huy belief
machinery in America it is absurd lo expect tlieni
to patronize Canadian manufacturers.
Arc you going to compel the operators to em-
play Canadian miners and use Canadian machines,
nr llie Province to employ Canadian printers and
buy Canadian machinery? Why then should there
be any distinction with regard to unions? If men
have to work internationally tliey must bo organized internationally. The argument used about
organizers going nwny nnd leaving the men to
starve sounds very terrible and pathetic, but; it is
ii. positive falsehood. The U. M. W. of A, has spent
hundreds'of .thousands of dollars and it would be
the poorest; business proposition to desert the men
now, and, what is,more, they will not, If tlie company have, ruined tlieir property irreparably, but
wo guess not, work will, be found elsewhere and,
'whether in Washington or \\, (',,, as far as the worker is concerned it cuts nn figure.   The. Province
knows aud appreciates the situation every bit as
well as the mine workers. Both parties know that
the antedeluvian cry for a "Canadian union for
Canadians" is the most miserable inconsistency
ever advocated. But the operators do know what
will be the effect upon the mine workers of this
continent if they Succeed in breaking the men from
their international allegiance. They, know what
has happened iu Nova Scotia and they want the
same thing here. In the latter province we have
the largest American corporation—tli,fe American
Steel Trust—running coal mines in'Canada ^vith a
Canadian union! And the result? Well, most of
the Ledger readers know.        '■     • *
"Therefore," says the Province, "as state ownership is not effective, the only alternative is'private ownership with public control!" As a discoverer the writer puts Columbus hi the shade! Fancy, public control!, This is the richest we have ever
heard. Is the Province aware that the operators
turned .down the Minister of Labor and another
cabinet minister (Sir. Rogers) ? Surely the Pro-'
vince must know and realize that the mine operators will not own mines if they cannot control them,
and control them to earn profit. How long does
the Province think the present system would last
with public control of commodities? Of course, wo
don't think for one moment that the writer of the
i'rovince editorial meant what he wrote—but it
sounded so good he could not pass it up. Fancy a
public with no vested interest telling the operators
what they should do and what they should pay!
Guess they would sure be tickled. Our pious hope
is: Let it be soon. We fancy the Province, editorial
writer has been nosing arouud some scientific
works on Socialism. *■
ployees and all other men found carrying guns on the street.      '    •
,-;.' , .        ;  TO AVERT STRIDE
«• A remarkable state of affairs irr connection with
the public school of Fernie was brought to the notice of the Council by G. G. Henderson, chairman
of the School Board, on Thursday last. The increased number of children that have applied for
admission this term exceeds the most exaggerated
estimates, and as a result in the Annex it has been
found- practically impossible to accommodate' all
the scholars. In one room alone 63 children are
seated and there is but one teacher to instruct
them. It is very evident to all that for one teacher
to do justice under the circumstances, when it id
remembered that, thc greater proportion of these
children do not, understand the first word of the
English language, is impossible. There are three
rooms in the Annex school and two of these contain about 117. scholars. The trustees have the
third room vacant and are reserving it for the New
Year term. Their object in so doing, as stated by
children to thc Central school in the winter months.
On Thursday night the School Board asked the
Council for a grant of $7,000,000 to build on an
additional room. Tlie Council seems to be in a very
unenviable position; last week they hypothecated
(or in plain English, pawned) some $30,000 worth
of debentures to tlie Home Bank, and received $20,-
000 for same. This appears to be the limit and we
fail 1o see how the Council can squeeze another
$7,000 out of that financial institution. We do not,
of course,, suggest lhat the Bank could not .raise
this amount, but al present municipal securities do
not seem to command much attention- on the market. Tlie only way that this situation might be met
is by immediately opening the third room in the
Annex school, although this may appear a temporary remedy. In the meantime the School Board
will havo nn opportunity of considering plans for
the future and further, it ma^be possible to transfer some of the children from the Annex to tho Central school. While insufficiency of school accom-
modation is a question that should receive immediate consideration from the Council, ono can
scarcely blamo tho civic authorities for same.-.Thero
is evidently no need to introduce a bounty system
in Fernie with a view to increasing our population.
Another very important matter touched on wns
the relationship of the Medical Officer of Health to
tlio School Board. It is absolutely necessary thnt
the children attending school should receive*every
attention,from the Medical 'Officer and cases wftro
quoted nt the Onniicil .'mooting of children'being»
.sent home with eycosis (or ringworm). It docs not
appear to us sufficient to send these children home,
the Medical 'Health Officer should bo notified and
should attend them nt thoir homes.
No Discrimination;  Privilege to Deal
,   at Any Store; Creek Weighmen
Consultations of State officers with
John Lawson of the United Mine
Workers of Amertoa yesterday developed the fact that a coal strike in
Southern Colorado can be averted 'if
the mine operators will accede to
three propositions.
After a conference with Lawson
yesterday Secretary of State Pearce
said that in his opinion a strike could
he, averted if the Colorado operators
"will accede to the same proposals to
which the West Virginia operators
Lawson held a conference with Governor Ammons. Shortly afterward
the executive held a conference with
Jesse P.-. Wolborn, nresident of the
Colorado Fuel and Iron company.
The three 'propositions which State
officials and representatives of commercial organizations in Trinidad and
Denver ■ desire the operators and miners to agree upon, are as follws:
"That the mine operators will make
no discriminations against union miners and will allow both union and nonunion men to work together.
•"rtiat the operators will allow the
miners to buy their supplies, groceries
and other articles at any store which
they choose to patronize and.will not
force tl\pm to patronize company
"That the operators will allow the
miners check-weighmen."
The principal efforts of the State
officers are bent toward a conference
between the miners' representatives
and the operators. The situation, as
explained by Secretary of State
Pearce, who has been assisted by B.
V. Brake, deputy State labor commissioner, is that the only demand made
upon the operators by the miners has
been for a conference.
"Should Get Together"
"The miners have made no other demands," he said yesterday. "All they
have asked for is a conference, The
operators so far have declined to confer. It is certain that the two can
do nothing unless they get together
and talk the. situation over. And I
think that if they did get together
each wouldrifind that-the other is not
such a bad fellow after all.
"I understand that the operators
say they want to, deal with their own
men and not with outsiders—meaning
probably Vice President Hayes and
others connected with the union who
have come here, Well, the miners say
that they think they are entitled to
choosq representatives if they desire
to do so. The men they choose may
be, more experienced and skilled in
conferences than the miners themselves. The miners think they should
be allowed tojftoosj^such_representa^
Walkout of 11i000 Southern Colorado
Mlnen Depends Upon Conference
Between Official and Mine Ownera.
TRINIDAD, Colo,, 2ft.-rti)iil offortH
to effect ii moetliiK hotw.-en Frank J.
JIiiy<i!i, In turn iUIotml Vice PrcwIiiliMit of
tlio ijnlte.l Mine Workers of America,
nml tno .min»< nwiwra of Jim souUioni
i„,'i.niH',nt'i), Mt.u i.m'ii'ft, *i('< n>i.i •'•...iV.(*,
If Kits'iwifr-rt'itf-K. at which It ia
hoped tn determine whether 11.000
men will Htrlko, !h refiiBotl, llii>'«« de-
/■l'li-,., nr, fnr-t>ir.f utnn 1W.tr,I *i  timer,.
ful adjustiiinnl of the miners' differ-
nncen rai'i be taken and the* onW-r to
atrllut will bo given.
Thn Htlitf fort-arntlon of labor linn
ji1:k-(m1 unanimously tlio buc-kliiK of tho
i>iitlrn structuro of ornaiiUcil labor In
fnlnrndo bohtntl tlw miners' tiimnnfin.
7li** fi!(]t<ra1ion, in r.iHiilniiurtW, <»u-
iloiwi) the threatened fttrlkn and
pN-dK'-d moral and financial mipjvort,
A trials ta at hand, according to
John Mclennan, prcsld-tnt «>f the f<*d-
oration iimi president of District 15,
I'nltHl Mino Workora,
lU'U'itia ttcim M'&rh}' cstmpt, Mc-
L-imiuu ftedarcs, aru that, lh'" miner*
are being restrained with difficulty.
A deadlock Ntlll oxIhIb In tho threatened Htrlko of union -mlnor-v tho
union loaders demanding rocoRiiltlon
nml tho coal nporntora flatly refusing
lo trout '.villi Um orKunlzntlou.
Carload of Rifles Discovered,
, Mt.-inbt'ix of Hie minora' union claim
to Imvu (Uncovered n carload of rlflou
In tho fVil'H'iKb & Roulh.'-vn railroad
yanlN. Tlm cur was withdrawn ho-
foro tlw report could Ut InveatlKUtoi).
According to a Biatcmont by John Me-
I ..i.iiiiiiii. jiroHldont of District 1.",,
l'nitoil Mino \Vo|;ki-rH of America, tho
itrniM with HhmtU-.l Into tho Victor*
American   Fuel ''..Company'* mine at
• ,,. i u.i.i i,*-.,.ii .i.'-i'.ii iu iin: .niii.-.**
of Indignation by tbe Jlbi-ratlou i>u
$10,000 bond of W. a'llntcliiT mil
Walter rirdk, Tlaldwin FHtz dotwMvM*,
who shot and killed Herald Llpplait,
Infill   firi'ltittii*-   fnr   ittci   fii'tC'il   \it,iii
Workers horo Saturday*.
Jury of Capitalists
A "packed" coroimr'a jury connm cd
of nix htwiiingH mm *lor|»r«*» tlmt the
death of Llpplatt had reunited rrom tx
JtiHtlflahlf   shootinjr,    8«ipplr>m*f-ntinfr
Dim verdict,  Die  jury   remmtwmUMl!
that   tlelchpr  and   tlelk be held for|
InrUier tfivm-ttiimtion.   A direct minr-j
matlon charging both il^twtlrent with I
murder h-aa l»e*n filed bv thtt district.!
attorn*?.    Undfir Dip term* of tht>lr\
bonds neither may leavr? ibe county.
On Jhc twmtf* Pm. -wYxfj m-tvi'i.
/tt th*** lntyttut irt*r* F. ('. M'fHffntiwj',
manager of the WelU-Fario Kxpreit
Compnny; W. It. Chapman, cflBlilof of
tho Trinidad Natlonnl bank! John T.
Sherman, prculdoiit of the Sherman-
CoHtiK'r Mercantile compnny; Floyd
Ilcniiclinniii, uinnnKor of tho Columbia
hotol; John C. UnMwIn, formerly of
tlm district court bnlllff nnd Jonopli
Tantblno, ''.proprietor of a chain of
murcantlkv, atoroa,
Thugs Provoke Quarrel
William Oaaoll, fl mino workor,
t(»Htl!leil that he had boon on Commercial at rent nnd that Ikilk provotynl n
quarrel, by reaching for his gun. At
Die name moment, Datielll aald. nod.
clier pullml hia Run nnd Mppfntt fell
<.,.',' I    uin   lift'.      iu«:lil  l.'l.'i l.iliii   lU'ut
I.l*i*t;d;*tt fired froni thf* -ground. IU*
**nlfl hi* watt tho first man tn tttmeh thp
union organUor nfter tht* affray,
Wlmn ho raised Wpplatt'a ltoad, ho
t',lit    T'fitV'o   fun   w>q   otllt   t»"it<ir>i1   rm
him. » ,•
Frod Schneider*, another mine worker, testified that ho had been with Up-
l.latt when tlio MhootliiK occurred.
Thoro waa tx convention botwet>n
l.lpplatt and fWk, h« said. "Bulk
iwx'U ii invea for hint g*m with hhi left
€ol. Crawl had been selected to command the troops in the strike zone" because of his fir,m character and great
courage. Give him a machine gun and
three hundred bold militiamen and he
would face any ten of the most desperate* spirits' on the Island—provided
they were not looking for trouble.
One evening,, following upon a hot
day, the Colonel sat in his headquarters wrapped in thought. He had
never been- wrapped in anything like
that before, but his calm countenance
gave no hint ofhis sufferings. Just as
he was writhing iii the unaccustomed
throes of an idea, Lieut. Sling quietly
Turning a young but manly face toward his superior, the'newcomer forgot to salute. This would' have brought
a sharp reprimand had the Colonel
not forgotten that it was necessary.
These formalities over, the two began
to discuss the situation and the following dialogue ensued:
Col. Crawl: -Has" anything of note
occurred in -Nanaimo today.'
Lieut. Slink Nothing, sir, except
that we had the misfortune to arrest
a man who tried to kill a union man
a while ago. He has, -however, been
released. I might say, sir, that we are
likely to have trouble with our men.
This inaction is becoming irksome to
them. Now that they have learned
that the union miners are unarmed
and peaceful, their ardent spirits can
scarcely be restrained. They simply,
must kill something.
Col. Crawl (gloomily): That's just
the trouble. Here we have been moving around strategically for a couple
of weeks without being able to round
up a single, excuse to shoot anybody.
I -have it (brightening up); we will"
give orders that all. dogs hereafter
discovered at large are to be immediately-shot.' I will get the reporters
to send opit a story" that I have discovered a plot to destroy police headquarters by feeding dogs on dynamite and causing them to fight near
the building. In anticipation of this
our men can have lots of excitement
shooting dogs, which will keep them
busy and be good practice.
Lieut: How clever you are, sir!
great €hief Bowser (both bow) will no
doubt reward you handsomely. .What'
a noble man our chief is.- Isn't it disgraceful that so -wonderful a man
should have any opposition in the
Col." (laying his hand in fatherly
manner upon the young man's shoulder) ; That, my boy, is our chief duty
here. We are to confound the political enemies of our great chief, who
Abound here. What a pity we cannot
kill them! As it is, we can only try
our best to drive them away. We
must therefore apply ourselves with
zeal to this noble purpose.—B. C. Federationlst.
of life especially fit it 'for the part of
a bribed tool of reactionary intrigue.'
TIds was clearly shown by Kautsky in
a 'letter published in the New York
Call. The, class-conscious wage-earners, because of their' sense of ctasa-
gle against property.and depend more
solidarity, reject the individual strug-
and more moon mass aotionAThe master class fears'only fiiis mass action,
and to head it off sends its agents
into the unions to preach individual
action in all its forms, including sabotage and riot."
W. J. Ghent says: "To preach violence and sabotage to ■ the working
class is to preach not a working class
.morality, not a Socialist morality, but
a slave morality. It is the morality
of Roman slaves in the days' of .the
empire. By lying, deceit, craft, and
theft they sought to lessen <t-e evils
of their lot. They did not heroically
strive for emancipation."
In France, George Sorel, the philosopher of Syndicalism, joins with
Jaures, the famous Socialist deputy,
in fear and distrust of the new doctrine. Kautsky denounces it in Ger
many; while .in England, such lead,
ers as Keir Hardie, Ramsay MacDonald and Sidney Webb form a wall of
opposition. .
Classified Ads.-Gent a Worl
FOR RENT—Five-roomed House.  Apply to W. Minton, Annex. 55
FOR RENT—Four' roomed House;
meat kitchen, clothes closet,.electric light, -water, etc. Apply Wm.
Barton,1 agent Singers Sewing Machine Co., City. ,60
light housekeeping (modern). Mrs.
Mur-phy, Jaffray St. 63
TO LET—5-roomed House on half acre
of land; water in house, situate in
West Fernie near school; rent $15.00
per month, \\pply to Mr. McDonald,
Trites-Wood. 61
M. S. Felice Covalottl
Good wages to good help. Apply
Steam Laundry, Fernie, B. C.       68
FOR SALE—A bargain. House of 4
rooms with water and toilet, on half
lot, Block 49, Dalton" Avenue. Price
$550 cash, or $600 terms. Apply
James Beveridge 67
FOR SALE—Double House, 8 rooms,
plastered, on Lot 9, Block a, West
Fernie, 1 acre frontage. $1,250,
terms.    J. McLachlan. 66
tives just as they, would a lawyer."
So far no conferences- between the
miners ancl operators has been arranged, but it is understood that they
have established emissaries who are
conducting negotiations betweenotho
two— IT.'M. W.'of A. Journal.
Cost of Living, the Minimum Wage,
Nationalization of Mines, Hours of
Labor, Insurance Act, and Many
Other Subjects Will Be Discussed.
LONDON, Aug. 31.—The annual
Trade Union Congress in Britain opened in Manchester Sopt. J, Several
hundred delegates will lie occupied for
the whole of the weok discussing over
80 resolutions which appear on the
agenda, Those concerning tho wage
question are predominant, no less than
1-1 resolutions being devoted to this
subject alone, while almost of equal
Importance is tho National Insurance
Act, no less than 10 resolutions dealing with tho measure aro down for
dlflciiHslon. FnctovlOH,1 and iuIiich,
workshops, hourn of labor, workmen's
compensation, education and kindred
subjects, which directly and Indirectly
concern tho status of labor will come
under review.
The Cost of Living
The cost of HvIub of the working
classes will bo brought to the front
by a resolution from the London Society of Compositors naklng that in
view oftlio 'continued Increase ln tho
cost of living, and tho consequent re
(taction lu real wages, tho congress
Hhould declare In favor" of thc, Trades
Unions taking onrly and simultaneous
action to obtain nn IncronHo of flvo
flhlllliiRS n wook for oil grades of tlmo
and pioco workers In both public and
private employ, and that tho parliamentary commlttoo should ho Instructed/to lalto wlmtovor stops.mny bo.no-
consnry to glvo offoct to tlio demand
at tlio onrlieut practicable moment.
The Minimum Wage
HoHolutloiiH on tho wiiko question
will also bo donlt with, tho minimum
wage for all adult workers nnd for
adult iiiiilo workers, whilo payment for
all,, HtatutorJ1 holidays Is demanded,
ami various aspects of the fair con-
tracts clnimo and fair wages clause
will bo coiiHiilorod, *
Wc have received the .following
characteristic letter from Brother Wil-
n.iiii ii.iiuenuonu, and with rcicrcnco
i/ :>i,iui- lituu},. ttdi, tin.. (u*i ulalti.
ilieruhiV he wa* not responsible' for
this missive and further, the letter
did not oriRinntP tn Fernie or Hosmor:
Hosmor, D. C, Sept. 3, 191.1
Tn tb« Kdltor
Olstriet Ledger.
Hoar air.—flatherlng from "the re-
marks of some of tho spectators during the course of Hosmer's gum© with
Coal Creek, on We<V>o*dii>", that they
have mo ipotted as (he Individual who
oent you tx letter for publication head-
hand.  MppUtt then drew his gun nnd ,«*  ^.Sj!or1,  *?'£' tP.K*J.n
"' '        l  ; "       ' tlblj? you wttuw verify my statement
that I had nothing whatever to do with
ih* wrltlnc tit the -tame, Anr old time
f feel like sending any lettnw to the
iMft**r for publication f nhall •«<* my
This society Is formed with the
view of organizing every Italian worker In the €row's'Nest Pass. There will
'be attached a sick benefit aid and the
objects of the society will be strictly
hi accordance with unionist principles.
Last Monday morning the following officers were elected: Presldente, Frank
Santoni; vice presidente, Salvatore
Gulseppe; segretarlo si' corrlsponden-
za, Gloachlmo Bozeth; segretarlo si
finanza, Tnnocente Casoli; cassiere,
Pietro Colombo; capo comltato, Ber-
nat Giovanni;' comitate Samitari, Vlt-
torio Bagioli, GuiseppeBerlanda; Vit-
orio Alloro; verificatori sei contl, Pic-
co Costantino, Esorico Colombo, Luigi
Tontana, IJmberto Cr'stante; portiere,
Tasquale Telmini. • ,1
"Can you first demoralize the workers," asks John Spargo, "train them
to work inefficiently and to practise
deceit, year after year,' possibly for
generations, without destroying their
capacity for sound citizenship ln the
new social order?" Sabotage, he declares, is merely a return of tho most
primitive of all forms of retaliation,
tho weapon of desperate and despairing men. It ls essentially a furtivo
nnd stealthy policy, practised by Individual workers, and easily leading
to crime. "Teach men and women in
the labor movement," he says further,
"to practise *abotage lu tho flgnt
against their employers and it will not
bo long boforo they will practise sabotage within their own organizations
to obtain factional or personal ends.
Union men who practice sabotage
against the employer to gain the ends
of the union will sooner or later practise sabotage within tho union to gain
their own ends. A contonipt for tho
will of tlio majority Is dovoloped, for
'sabotage Is peculiarly tho weapon of
tho rebel minority.'"
Worse H-tlll, Spnrgo concludes:
".Sabotage ls not tx wonpon of llm
class-conscious proletariat. Rather Is
It tlio weapon of the slum proletariat,
'that passively rotting' mass thrown
off by the lowest layers of old society,' to quote Marx, whoso conditions
Governor Sulzer of New York has
been impeached by Tammany representatives in the state legislature for
corruption of various kinds. As Sul-;
zer was elected by Tammany "after it
knew of the corruption for which it
impeached him the whole thing Is a
fine picture of democratic simplicity
and purity. It will be remembered
that at the Baltimore convention Bryan denounced the head of Tammany
and "licked it to a frazzle." The tiger,
it would appear, bas recovered sufficiently to claw a little, and the Wilson administration might as well take
warning—if It has not already done so.
POR SALE—Pour Roomed Shack on
Lot 1, Block 89, Fernie Annex Extension, Price $400 cash. Apply
H. Noble (on the premises), or by
letter, General Delivery, Fernie, B.
C. 65
BOARDERS—Room for about 3 or 4
, Boarders in private house, situated
in  West  Fernie.    Apply, Mrs.  II.
Jones, West Fernie. 64
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which Is printed on
the same label containing your address.
Poor old express companies! Even
the railroads which have been exploited   these   many   years • are   turning
againstTIiem.~~ lF"Has-13eerrUieir_cuP
torn to invest in railroads or induce
railroad men to invest in their companies as a means of obtaining special
privilege for express over the railroads. Now .the Boston & Maine directors are charging the America Express company with having obtained
fraudulently terms that have caused it
a loss of $-1,500,000 since 1907. They
nre suing for an annullmont of the
contract. The express companies have
boon robbing tho people on ono side
and bleeding the railroads on the other until they Imagine they own thc
country. Now is the time 'o wkc
tlieir entire business away und Uncle
Sam seems inclined to voni'ibcntij it.
$100 Reward, $100
Tlio renders of this paper will lie
pleased to learn thnt there in nt leimt
ono drended dlKenxe tliat scieneo !mx
Imiiii nble lo cure In nil its RingeH, nnd
Hint Ih Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Curo Is
the only positive euro now known to
iho medical fraternity. Cntni'rli bulnfc
a constitutional dlsonse, requires n eon-
Hl I (ii tiiniul treatment, Hall's Cntnrrh
(Juro Is tnken IntornnUy, acting directly upon ibe bleed nnd imieiioiis sui'l'iui-
es of tlie system, thereby destroying
Iho foundation of tlio dlsense, nnd giving the patient strength liy building up
Ihe eonMUiiiIni) nnd u.s.siHllnu' jmlure Jn
ilnliiK Its work. The proprietors lmvo
ho much full li In Its punitive powers
iImt they offer One Hundred Uollnm
for nny ense thnt ItYnllH to eure, Send
for list of testimonials, '
Address: K, ,1. OIIKNHY & CO., Toi.
edd, Ohio.
Hold hy nil llruirglsls. 7,*ie.
Take irall'M Family rills fur constl-
■-■'".*/,y^/*t',v./< I
Alabaitin* ia cm-
ily applied.    All
you need ta kelp.
you ia cold water
and a flat  bruah.
Alabattino   walla
make tha home'
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful, It will
wall tike kalto-
nsine. Becauaa
it it a cement, it
age; become]
part of the wall
itself.and laat
for many
An Alabaatine wall can .-
be re-coated without removing the old coat. Alabaatine
walla are the moat sanitary. They
are hygenic No insect or diaeaae |
.germ can live in an Alabattine wall.
Alabattine one room, and you'll
want them  all  Alabaatined.
Church^ Cold Water
l» '
Drop in and let ua ahow you beau-  ,
tiful tamplea of Alabattine work.
''tLet ut ahow bow to get beautiful
Alabattine Stencilt abaolutely free.
With them you can ac
complith any detired
color tclieme—youcan
make your home
charming  at a
moderate coat.
Hardware - Furniture
A  Kcriewl flourish  of kujjb followd,
Seven thota were all 1 hftard."
DtMrmlng of Guard! Urged
State L«bdr Comml**loner Edwin
•-  -    -    ut
ham to dlaarm all n«Id»Ir»-IVlU em-]
ftmktf, Ja « tmlitttict" irtrtj t«»5«*>«« nam* to the m:m.
mnn totlttf, a?,ifn nr%?t1 fthfirlff (lri*-
Ytvint fntff,
' tv " , '
' ■ .1 * r
€omo to our itoro, soo and try thia splendid Initmmcnt. We will tell you all about our plan of bU-
Ine this piano tiway. Thin Ih a pruacnt worth having. Thin Piano la of tho eolehrtitod Upton mnlte. It
carries tho nianufucturora' Ten Year Guarantee,   Wo cordially Invito your Inapectlon.
Druggist and Stationer   :-:   Fernie, B. C. 0*
<■   «mnnra...«*.«...,.^ttTT.TTii i       itt Tf tt f f ¥»»*****¥■¥»¥¥¥¥-»»¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ AkHkikimi +»***.**, -A .ft -j^ftftftaMyY V¥tty y y v y yYTYTT V YTTTYTT¥
He^  of THe  District Camps
****»***frfrAAAiU*A*******^»»¥-*i¥V*»V¥*W^   „„
Smoking Concert at the Club
The committee of the Football Club
held a grand smoker in the Club Hall
on Saturday last, the proceeds being
devoted to the assistance o£ the injured players of the team.
AV. R. Puckey occupied the chair
and conducted the gathering well, a
capable' staff of butlers being kept
busy supplying the cravings of the
Inner man, Mutzine and softs, and
crackers and cheese being the bill of
fare. The following is the program
arranged by J. McMillan. J. Davidson pianist: Song, "Let's -Wait and
See the Pictures;" W. It. Puckey; "A
Little Child Shall Lead Them," W.
Morgan; "Somewhere," P. Armstrong;
''Bonnie Mary of Argyle,"J. Thomas;
"Farmer Giles," H. McAdam; "That
Would Never Do," J. Bragg; "Two
Little Pigs," P. Dawson; "Changge It,"
T. Armstrong; jawbone solo, J. Dixon;
song, "If All My Dreams,' and encore
"Sands of the Desert,". J. McMillan;
"Parody on Teasing," W. May; "Dear
Homeland," J. Buchanan; "The famous, Light Brigade," R. McFegan;
"Old Scotch Songs," J. qarvie; "Love
Me and tho World is Mine," W. Morgan; "Eileen Aarroon,"'J. McMillan;
''Looping the Loop," "J. Buchanan.
The football club committee desire
to thank Fernie Fort Steele Co. for
liquid refreshments; the Co-Op. for
crackers and..cheese; board of management for use of hall; District Ledger for donation of printing, and all
who assisted in any way towards the
pleasant time spent.
The news of Hosmer winning their
protest against Coal Creek was re-
• ceived with surprize in the camp on
Saturday night, and leads one to think
that the rules are made to be broken,
"aiid Interpreted to suit the convenience of certain Individuals and clubs
ad Ub.- We have never in our experience of this league known of a play-,
er having to be transferred and registered for cup competitions, and it is
«vldent~-that the assertions of one
gentleman are taken before., anybody
elses. The secretary of the Coal
Creek. Football Club is prepared to
swear and produce witnesses that the
transfer .of J; Yates was applied for,
and thatlhe fact was mentioned to
Hosmer secretary on August 23rd.- We
await development.
The letter ' of. "Pure Sport's" ap-,
—pearing—in—last— week-'s-issue~of~tKS"
-'Ledger hascausecLno small amount of
; discussion during the week and speculation, is rife as to who is the author.
A hunting party' consisting of Joe
Wilson, Tom Glover, Ike Cartmell,
Jack Chester,"and Wm. Branch (guide)
left cam]) on Monday night's flyer,
their destination bolng tlio Bull River
district. . They contemplated being
away for two weeks, We await youi;
return, boys, and wish you success In
your expedition.
' Died, on Friday night, ,Mary the
infant (laughter of Mr. and Mrs, P.
Schopo. of Coyote Street. Tlie funeral took place on Monday. Summer
complaint was given as the causo of
Alox. Almond and family, of Michel!
wero the guest of thoir daughter, Mrs-
J. Worthington, for a few days thia
, wook. Glad to seo you looking in
•\Voll, old man; It's iiIcq tto talk of old
Mr Flowers nnd Mr. Mcintosh, of
tho firm of Trites Wood, woro up
here on Sunday to seo tho'manager
of tho store. Thoy woro registered
at the club. Pleased to welcome you,
boys. Pity that Charlie was not nt
Mrs. Thomas, of Hlllcrest, was vlwit-
lug her son during tho week. Coal
Creek Is a nice place!
Mrs. Jock Flamming and little daughter left camp on ronto for Ilonnlo
Scotland on Lnhor Day, whero she In.
', tends to stay for a month or two, Bon
Wo woro rather surprised to note
tho amount nf Coal Creok mon, mom-
born of tho band, up horo on Lnhor
Day. Wo would BURRout that tho
practise bo hold up horn, and that It
ho Conl Crock Hand. Wo loam that
thoro are aevnral good musicians who
would join If this was done. How
would that suit,* Ashton?
A largo number of ,tho aportlnpt fraternity took In tho fight at Pernio on
Iho night of Lnhor Day nn • declared
thoniBolvoB antlaflod with tho bill of
fnro provided.^
On Saturday Inat Chnrllo Ward, employed na n minor In No, 2'mino, had
tlio mlHfortiiiio to break ft too whilo
following hia employment, Aftor
treat ment ho wna convoyed to Fornlo
on thn. ..local train.
Tommy Hnrnwi Is trying hl» lutk
nt baching again, having tfi\ton n limine
In Coyoto Street, Wo wondor how
long?' Tho winter will noon ho hero,
Tlio sportH hnvo -brought to light
several prominent atblotoH. Tho raco
In which .T, RhnnkR, W TTiichna nn.l t
WortlilitRton participated wns n ptmt
A.tiiniav! tinif tho worlun r«cor<l ro-
eoivi-il n narrow csc*si<v so tliey gay.
Sav. 3ni*. you fan *wt»lnl|." go eome,
A raco wns run between W. Hughes
nnd J. MnnttlnR, romtlttn-p; In nn enity
•win for Mnn ii Ini*  t*r, 'T'."-.''*''i.;'.
Mr*. Qtieonlo Branch ontoriolnod ft
number of hor younfif friends and ae-
nunlntnnces to ft party at tho homo of
lior parents, Coyote Street, tlio occasion being tho Anniversary of hor natal
dny. A good time was spent, as eW-
«lcnc*d by Iho sounds of Joy nrofn/iflrii-r
irom the houso.
flomo of tho yonnRftr tenuratlon ' jrot
nuit-ft a scare a fow days sro while
gathering blueberries. One girl saw
whst sho tooV to h« i War, and nit*
tnnt* howl bw»t It for homo with her
companions competing for first plae*.
Jtorrr for yon, kMs, twit ihtelt II rnnit
Imve beon a span loi rtwr yon *nw.
Hosmor Football Club were visitors
litre on W-fdnesdsf to pfsjr tho ro-
■ .',        il
play tie in the Mutz's Cup competition.
The kick-off was adevrtised for 5.30,
at which time Hosmer had not put in
an appearance,' and it was fully 6
o'clock before any attempt was made
on the part of Hosmer to play. From
the, start Coal, Creek had all of the
play, and with better judgment in the
shooting for goals. the score would
have resembled a cricket match. The
lateness of the, start prevented the
finjsh of the game and Referee 'Wilson
declared the game over 20 minutes
short of time with Coal Creek winning
., The Methodists of Coal Creek are
proceeding to re-paint their church.
This will greatly improve the appearance of their roomy and comfortable
Nothing has happened during the
week of any importance and naws is
hard to rake up. Labor Day passed
off very quietly, there being very little
of anything to amuse one here. The
sport loving section of the community
took in the sports at -Fernie, many
staying over'for the dance and boxing
bout. i
The moving picture man is giving
Hosmer another trial, two shows taking'place weekly. So far they have
been well attended.      »
-The following Hosmer ladies are
at present taking in the sights of Calgary: yMesdames Brown and Parkin
and Misses Rankin and McKelvie.
St. Clair Marlatt left Saturday for
Kingston, Ont., to take a course at the
college there.
- *H. A. Marx, formerly accountant at
the Coal Co.'s office, is renewing old
acquaintances In Hosmer.
Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Fuller have arrived back from ..their sojourn In. coast
cities.   """"■"
A wood-rat's antics gave the ladies
of Kootenay avenue a series of nervous-shocks until Charlie Jamleson despatched it with his six shooter. We
though it took* more, than a wood rat
to scare Hosmer females.
-Hosmer footballers played Fernie
for the money Labor Day and thought
they had an easy thing. The trouble
was it was too easy and Fernie, in
direct contrast to Hosmer, took the
only chances they got and pulled off
a surprising win 2-1. Can't even feel
sorry for you, Hosmer.
'Mrs.  Thomas, •' of: Hlllcrest,  was a
W. Balderstone: was Hosmer's re
prese'ntative at the League meeting at
Michel.. 'Billy says the Creek hot air
artists were well wound up but tliey
didn't seem to grasp it properly, hence
Hosmer won their m'otest.
■ The Orangemen of Hosmer are to
try and organize. The initial meeting
will be held Monday In Oddfellows
Hall.     '
The adjourned stabbing case came
up again Monday,-the courtjiouso being woll filled with Interested' spectators. Judge Brown being vory busy,
we have not heard the verdict.
. They woro so mad at Coal Creek
about tho protest they wouldn't even
put a nickel in the hat and we needed
the monoy so bad, too.
Mrs. Wilson, of Cranbrook, Is visiting hor son, Mr. D. Wilson and will
make ft longthy slay.
John Beckett has been busy with
his gang putting a now bridge over
Hosmer creek,
Norman Shaw has had to quit work,
the old Injury to his arm having re-
assorted itself,
Hurry Ilutson nnd Miss TCvn Kulklo
aro companions In distress with Injured collar bones, wrestling and baseball being responsible for the injuries.
Ernie Cox has taken ovor the livery
business of Goorgo Shaw.
Wo hnvo roason to boliovo thnt our
tonsorlal nrtlsl, who has given most
of us iv pretty close shnvo, has not escaped himself, It la to bo hoped thnt
tilts rocont addition to tlio rank of
bonodlcts will bo on deck this wook
end to, nccopt our congratulations.
And don't he bashful!
at the fishing competition, although;'
as luck would have it, it was not a'
trout but a human being. We could
not ascertain what kind of a fly he
used in landing him.
Our, old friend Wm. *tf illman, of Hillcrest, was a visitor to our fair town
bn Sunday. Hillcrest is all right but
cannot compare with Michel, eh, Billy?
A dance was given on Monday night
in Martin's Hall by our genial friend
Happy, and was well attended by our
young folks of Old and New Michel.
Turkey trotting, bunny hugging: and
bango banging was in evidence, especially the latter named. Happy in
frock coat and stiff Christy was master of ceremonies.
Tho local management of the mines
has been pretty busy last week decorating the outside property of the
Crows Nest Pass Coal Co. with notices
prohibiting trespassing on the company's premises. As every foot of
ground in this corner of the globe is
owned by the Coal Co., it is a puzzle
to find out how people can go to and
from their, homes without committing"
the heinous crime of trespassing. So
far the company has not charged -ns
anything for the air Ave are breathing;
ln fact they have thrown in a lot of
coal dust, smoke from their boilers
and other valuable chemical substances from their coke ovens free of
charge. To show that we appreciate
their good will, the writer would suggest that we order one or two dirgible
balloons a la Zeppelin, to enable us to
leave.our domiciles without giving offence to the. company by trespassing
on their property. (At' a second
thought it strikes the writer that Zeppelin is a "fdrreighner," and that,
therefore, it would not be right for any
loyal Canadian to ride in his balloons).
Quite a ripple of excitement was
caused by a rumor going around town
that one_of our fair, damsels of New
Michel had eloped. After duly investigating this'rumor, we find-that the
young lady only went on a shopping
excursion .to lay in a new supply of
fall hosiery, X ray dresses, etc.;1 and
all our rubbernecking came to naught.
The officers of the local union would
appreciate a larger attendance at the
regular meetings q*$ the local. Wake
up,, boys, and attend ycur meetings;
don't think that you are a good union
man by simply paying your dues.
. Our recording secretary, Thos.
Brown, left camp for Bellevue where
he struck a job. We wish you luck,
Tom, and should you get tired of the,
•pralrl*6~corifenjacl-:; ."we are always
glad to receive you.
One of^our old timers, George Bed-
dington, is pulling his'freight for pastures new.   Good luck to you, George.
Quite a number of new men arrived
in town lately and started work in or
around the mines, Michel, is living up
to her old reputation, "The Strangers'
Home," We would suggest to the Mi-
Mhel Board of Trade to put a banner
with tho Inscription, "Welcome to Michel, tho town with ft past," across the
street opposite tho depot; this would
undoubtedly attract trade.
Our local astronomer, after diligently studying tlio rings of tho planet
Saturn  (which,* in his opinion, Influences tho atmospheric conditions of
our earth)  comes to  the conclusion
that tbo nights In Soplomber will bo
cooler than they were in July
guests of Mrs. David Davidson.
Mr: John Doyle and Alexander Nea-
man arrived in camp and have started
to work .at No. 2 mine. They are
boarding with Mrs. Cook.
♦ ♦
Tho annual picnic and fishing competition of tho Mlchol and District An-
gloii' Aasoclfttlon was hold on Sunday, 31st August. Tho flshormon turned out ln full forco and took tho morning train to MorrlBsoy .lunctloh, whoro
tlio oompotltloii was hold. Tlio.dityN
outing was somowhat marred by a
heavy downpour of rain, old IMuvlus
not having sonso enough-to lot tlio
mortals enjoy themselves onco |n a
Tho following aro tho nnmus of tho
prlsso winners, nlso tho weight of tha
fish cnught by sfttno: R. Yates, 5 lha.
0 oz.i F. Cnrpontor, -i lbs;1 if) oz.r A.
Yntos, 3 lbs. 13% ob,; 13, H'nyos, :i lbs,
UU oj-,,} B. Jones. 3 lbs, lOVj ox.; F.
Yntos. 2 lbs. 10 oj!.: A, WndiliniHnti. 1
lb, is o?.; J. Waddlngton, 1 lb. 10*4
o/,., tr, Mi.'t'ui-ui, t Hi, ifi/i oz.ir, viuub,
1 lb. 714 ok.; T. Hampton, \ lb. 1 oz.;
H. Pry or. VA my, J. Morc»r, 13 at*. L
Prion, tl ou.; J. Porkrom," 0'os.r J.
Marsh, 0 oz.   F, Cnrpenter won the
■aniMMfll  nrtiri fnr Mm X*lt*i»r.**l  7«•.*>•*lrV"?
trout, nml A. Yntos won tho special
prlao tor tho biggest bull trout. Tho
flshormnit returned by tho 7.30 train,
nml by all Indications tho affair could
not have boen strictly temperance, lia-
cause wo noticed ono melodious voice
[sinking sentimental ntrnvtn In n som'k
what maudllng key, (Cut that sentimental stuff ont, .TnrM, Tho Ant'lfrs"
Association wlnhfcs lo thank the bulines* men of Old snd Xew Michel
through tbo columns of the IMgtr
for thoir kind contributions towards
their plcnl-t, which holpod to mako It
a stircMi. (Tlii* nas evident to the
irrfMr hy rfcwfnu thorn ''omtnc: hant-i.t.
John Marsh claims that h» took the
At tho homo of Mrs. J. B. Riuld, Maplo Leaf, on Mondny ovonlng, September tsl, Miss Charlotte Ferbor, of Germany, to Mr. Emll Ostrzonskl, of Bellevuo, Itov. W. II. Invlu officiating.
At Indian Ilonrt, Saskatchewan, Miss
Isubolla Brooks, of Rnglnnd, wiih united In marrlngo to Mr. Robort Cummins, of Mnplo Leaf ColUorlos, Tho
happy couplo arrived horo on Frldny
evening and will tako up thoir rosl-
(loiicn nt Mnplo Loaf,
Rov. Wychorloy, of Passburg, hold
forth In tho Motlioillst Church horo
on Sunday ovonlng, Mr. Irwin prnnch-
od at Passburg.
illr. J, B. Rtidd mid son Oils and Mr.
Bon try are ou tlio Kudd much, luinr
Moylo, B. C, putting up hoy.
Mrs. Irwin entertained tlio sowing
class at a party, on Wednesday bvon-
Ing last,
Quito ii numbor of tho mombors of
tlio local Order of Owls took In tho
sports ut Colomnn on Lnbor Day.
Mrs, Frank Ilonoly, who rncontly
ymlorwont nn oporutlon nt tlio local
hospital, was removed to hor homo
on Tuesday.
Mrs. Joshua Atkinson,has boon laid
up for a few days.
The Methodist Sunday School held
tliolr annual picnic at ({podwin's ranch
on Lnbor Day and It wns a big success,
Tho wotithor hero was till that could
bo dcalrod lo hialio It a successful oo-
canton.   A. HorloB of gam as and con-
tosts for tho children excited tx groat
■rf„,,i  „? t.iirvtA fer'" v'..! .....1 i'uitttt,'.
alU-to.*-A biscuit "aUn-r cm\tpA for'
girls was won hy Ollvo Goodwin, Win-1
nie Dickon nml Florrlo Halworth, Dlv-1
lnjr for lucky applcg was won.by* Dick
Shono and Wllllo (loodwln.  Tlio baby
show wns won by Ruby Cousons, tho
.)><vo.ii AA, iSutXiM'si t»i   Mr. ■iiiu!   Mrs.
Jamos Couseji*. i
Messrs, McCnllotigh and Tully, of
Maplo Loaf, nnd Mr. Tully, of Fornlo,
spout Saturday and Sunday nt thc
North Fork fishing,
Jamos Cardie rnpresented tho nolle-
vua AtJiteUc AswocUtton ut tin* special league meeting hold nt Mlchol on
flamrdft)' laat.
Quite u bin cloud of Bollovuo people spent Monday! Sept. 1st, at South
Fork fishing, Some flno catches wero
brought to camp,
Quito a number of Ilollovuo sport*
took (n tho sports nt Coleman on Sept.
Mrs. William Vambuskcr and dnugh-
bl0«tost living thing out of thc rlvtt j fer. of Kfrnle, nro visiting In camp thn
Mr. Jean Schuum, an old timer in
Frank, was a visitor here from Saskatchewan during the week.
Mr. Dan Dunlop, who has been working in Pocahontas for the past six
months, returned to town, last weeK,
accompanied by his wife.
Mr. J. Roper spent .several days in
Cranbrook this past week,
'Mrs. Knoldon and daughter, who
have beon holidaying in town, returned to their home in Lethbridge on
•Saturday. Miss M. Simpson went
along with them.
Mr. E. Thomas returned from Chinook on Friday, night.
•Rev. A. A. Lytle, of Pincher Creek,
and Rev. J. C. Anglin, of Hillcrest,
were in town between trains on'Friday.
■Mr. W. J. McGowan left on Wednesday to spend a few days in Calgary
on business.   '
Mrs. Wilcox and family are spending the week with friends In Lundbreck.
Mr. Biais and family took in. the
sports at Coleman on Labor Day.
■Mr. B. G. Cooper, at one time a clerk
in the bank here, passed through town
on Tuesday on his way to Calgary,
where he now -works.
The stork visited the home of Mr.
and Mrs. Jack Miller last Sunday
night and left a baby boy.
A big dance was given at the Sanatorium on Monday night last.
The gymnastic society of the Bohemians held- thoir- dance on Monday
night in the hall over Blais' store.
Dancing began at 7 o'clock and continued, till about 2 o'clock. Music wa3
provided throughout the affair by the
Bohemian Band, which was in splendid form,. sixteen instruments oeinij
used. A large crowd attended, all of
whom are loud in their appreciation
of the entertainment and pronounce it
the best of its kind held yet. Those
who were present say that the innovation of soft drinks instead of beer is
a great improvement..
Mrs. Wilson, wife of our postmaster,
came up from Calgary on Saturdav
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦
<► -♦
■  (Received toclate for last week's
International Board Menvber David
Rees and Organizer Carl Theodovitch
wero visitors to Coalhurst on Saturday
attending to business of their calling.
They also stayed over until thc Local
meeting on Sunday afternoon and addressed thet boys to the entire satisfaction of all. We hope to have anothor visit from the same pair any
timo thoy l'eel liko coming around,
and they will be mado welcome by all.
Harry Powell registered at the Pacl-
f'c Hotel on Saturday. He says ho
will stay with us a Uttlo while if wo
use him good.
Thomas Skelth was away to Milk
River ft few days this week looking
over the homestead.
Alec Gordon is hack in Coalhurst
again at his old job In the machine
John Delaney has opened his butcher shop ln town again,
Men aro being hired al the mines as
fast as they come. Now we will soon
rondi the population of last winter.
Doctor Rose Is now residing at Coalhurst, Ho Buys ho Is glnd to bo buck
with us again.
Harry Thomas hired with tho company this wook. Pap camo from IIIII-
crost last Saturday. Ho talka like
getting married if, ho don't got hurt
again.    Wo wish lilm well.
Clarence Mills arrived back from
tho 13nBt this weok. Ho reports having n k plcmlld vacation down whom
tho maplo syrup flows.
Thn miner who swiped the shearing machino would do woll to tako a
punchor as woll.
,Frod Phillips camo In from the
north this wook ond .started to work
as a tlmbonnan In tlio mine,
.Too Graham has loft for II. C, wlioro
ho Bays ho Intends to Htnrt n chlckon
ranch,    So long, Joo.
Ernest lltichaniiii und wlfo woro
away to Nnnton on a vaciitIon" last
wook and arrived back on Snturday.
Tom Preston Iiiih loft for Groat
Falls whom ho thinks ho tan bettor
Snm Jones, mine Inspector, paid is
ii business trip on Tuesday.
Frank Millar and Chnrllo Stliio blow
In a few days iiko on a freight. Thoy
got liorp, anyhow.
again, as it is very rare indeed that
Taber gets a visit from a district officer. ..
The ballot taken for the recall of the
checkweighman on Saturday, resulted
65 for and 57 against.
Tom Young has taken a position as
fireboss ou the night shift in the place
of Wm. Jordan, who goes on the day
shift.  '
Jim Ostler has made a start in the
mine on the afternoon shift.
Dave Jones has removed to the mine
houses, and J ini Head has moved into
the house ho occupied in town. Beginning this month, the company has
reduced the rent of their houses to
ten dollars per month.
On Sunday night Rev. Mr. Hahaffy,
of Knox church, preached on Labor
organization. A number of miners
were present on invitation from the
preacher. The rev. gentleman handled
his subject well and his talk was
something out of the ordinary to be
heard from the pulpi-
The Palace Hotel Is being given a
new coat of paint. Walter Parrish Is
doing the work.
The Taber fair will be held on September 18 and 19. Three thousand
dollars will be given in prizes. A $100
prize will be given for an automobile
race. The fair this year is confined
to the Taber district only, as other
years professional exhibitors carried
off nearly all the prizes.
Albert Appleton and family have returned from their trip to the old country.
Correspondents are requested to
get all notes in by Thursday to ensure
publication,.in current issue. Special
copy envelopes supplied on application.
possible againsc tne acnoub oi ihe
government, you wnl vote "les," ii,
nowevcr, you approvu dl ihe u&o oi
me miluia iu an attempt to ueteat tne
workers you will vote "No.", The officers of the Federation have' no power save that granted by the support of
the membership.
Xo one can save or protect the
working-class but the members of that
We request that special meetings
bo called to deal with this question at
the earliest possible date. After the
voto has been -taken local secretaries
will please, fill out the attached form
and forward at once to P. O. Box 104-1,
If the Federation is to endeavor to
perform the function for which it was
intended, NOW is the time to act.
Yours fraternally,
G. A. BURNS, .Victoria
S. CUTHBERTSON, Greenwood ,
J, FERRIS, South Vancouver
J. AV. GRAY, Fernie
J. KAVANAGH, Vancouver
J. J. TAYLOR,' Ladysmith
■A. WATCHMAN,, Victoria
Vice Presidents
The Fernie Athletic (.Association
wishes to thank all who assisted to
make Labor Day sports a success.
—We carry exclusive agency—
Made of P & V Leather
Big Bargains in Shoes for July
OF B. G.
■ — ♦• r*. r% ^ 9%m
v-ri u^ci
♦,. ♦
•♦>♦ + +><♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Labor Day pnssod off very quietly lu
Tabor. Thoro was no sports, A football gamo was played In tlw afternoon
ViiiVM-Mflii ridi ijiiter loam nml a team
from tho Canada' West which rosultiid
In a win for Taber by n score of 3 to 0.
Tho Joint picnic to havo boon hold
foi1 tho children of tho Methodist nnd
Knox churches nt tho river wns call*
od off owing to the wnnther.
Iiittiriiatlonnl Hoard Mombor Dave
Uees was In ramp on Thursday. This
U tltu first vUU uf Ova. JUhjh mUicu In-
assumed offlco. As Thursday was an
Min day. a meeting was called ,it
seven In tho ovonlng*to glvo tho men
an opportunity of meeting the board
member. Quite a number turned out,
but owing to the short notice ei few
didn't get to know ot the meetlnjt until
too late. Dave Rave a good nddwss
nnd tho boys will bn glad to see lilm
Fellow Workers:
For the past eleven months a lockout has been in existence at the mines
in Ladysmith and Cumberland. On
May lst the miners of Nanaimo and
South Wellington went on strike to
to secure better working conditions
for themselves.
The Provincial Government was requested by the Federation last January to attempt to bring about a settlement between the operators and
the miners.
Instead of doing so the district was
flooded with special police who have
acted as scabherdera and generally
harassed the strikers.
In spite of this the operators were
unable to break the strike and as a
last resort the militia were called into
use, in order tliat those most active
on behalf of the miners might be
either hounded out of tho district, or
put into prison.
Over one .hundred and sixty miners
have been thrown Into jail on the
most frivolous charges. One of the
officers of the Federation, Vico President J, J„ Taylor, is among those ln
Tlio Nanaimo representative'of tho
workors in the legislature has been
committed for trial on a fake chargo
of felony, tho intention being to do-
prlvo thc workors of Nnimlmo of a
representative In tlio legislature.
It should ho borne iu mind thnt tho
only two working class roprosonta-
tlves in tlio local house are thoso ol-
octcd by tlio miners now on strlko,
and that tho main causo of tho prosont strlko wim the noii-onforconiont of
the Coal Mines Regulation Act, In Its
Wo aro convinced that this Is an organized effort on tlio pnrt of tho provincial government to stamp out this
working class rcprem.-ntntluu tm tliu
Island, In tho hopo of killing the
growth of tlio workors' political
movement, and to prevent thorn from
keeping In oxl.stoneo an Industrial organization.
•Tlio Federation'was formed for the
pnrpoHo of protecting as for. as possible Iho JntoroBts of Its motiiliiwhlp,
Tho coal minors on Vancouvor Is-
land art) afflllatod with tho Federation
and for Kovoral weeks a nuiiibur of
mombors'and offlcors of orgnnl/,oil lnbor hnvo been urging tlio offlcerri of
tho Federation" to call a gonoral "strlko
as tt protest against thoso methods
that uro being used by tlio provincial
government lu -uii attempt to break
the'minors' Htrlko,
However, each organization, whon It
affiliates" wllli tlie Federation, ro-
Borvoa tlio right, in govern Itself In Its
own affairs,'    „' *   .
..•liJvK'iwi-u un eat li nniuii lins local
nutuM-iny Ihe K\< < .An,. Xniiii ot titu
Federation has not the )** wor to will
a gonoral strike, moreover It has not
tho funds to curry on :*>) emended
-\Vf. •,,*!• '.1'",> ,-."',."     ')...,'.   .. :, ..,.ti;J,   ,h
iim organ lltn tion h have nKmonietits
with their employers covering n period of yours,'
Despite those conditions, adverse to
a general protect of er'-.i-'-'ml labor
against tho endeavors of die government So l-.it'iiitSr.ate om ;• 'I'M A-orkerti
on Vancouvor Island, we believe thnt
tie: iui.i:;!.ii;i's.Umi ui' (Ik* ■' > 4.*i.Utt>ii
havo the rlelit to • w ■'■■> lMr "l»-
provnl or disapprove et tin* proposal,
to call fer fi aciuml :'*,.;;.<• -of short
duration, by the worker** of British
If you aro wllllni? tn l»v down »-oi»r
tools and'leave'your empleynu'iit for
a period of forty^Ight lioiirs, In ordflr
to niako the most emplwtl.   prou-stt
We carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        r:..   ' Frank, Alta.
"The Store the People Own"
You   Want More Every Day
There's'only   one  way   to make sure  of
more of these things
CO-OPERATE to get them
get Into the
"The Quality Store"
Groceries'and Dry Goods
Clothing, Crr\r\rp\~yi Foots, Shoes,.
Fruit anil Vegetables
Phone 25       Victoria St        Blairmore, Alta, PAGE SIX
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan ana
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and ln a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
ba leased  for  a  term  of  twenty-one
Sears at an annual rental of $1 an acre;.
[ot more than 2,560 acres wil be leasea
to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant In person 'to the
Akent or Sub-Agont of the district In
lrnlch the rights applied for ar*r situated. ,,
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-dlvl-
Mlons of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the" tract applied for shall be
ataked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon. If the coal minim?
Tights are not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.'
The lease will include the coal mlsing
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of * the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application
should be mado to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
' to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
"W. "W. Oory,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid fnr.
Grinding Out Men's Lives i
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's IJrug Store)
Phone 121
Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21. Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. t. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jos. Grafton, Proprietor
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Cole-
man at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call arid see us.
Col cm sl n
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Receive The Ledger don't blame ue.
Watch the d»t« of the expiration el
your tubi erlptlon which le printed en
tht tame tubal containing your ad*
When the twelfth international congress of the Metal Polishers, Buffers, Platers, Brass and Silver Workers' Union of North America convenes
at Richelieu Hall,-;Cincinn*ati, Ohio, on
the liith of this month, probably more
than one-half of -the delegates will'be
■men who have worked at the hazardous trades for years and who have
contracted in their work either tuberculosis or some throat affection. Very
few workers engaged in the metal polishing industry die a natural death,
most of them succumb to some occupational disease caused by the conditions in which tbey work and the materials which they use.
.The organization of metal polishers
has been active for the past twenty
years in securing better working conditions for the men and it has in part
succeeded. It has caused, or been instrumental, in having blower laws enacted in nearly every State in the
Union. Unfortunately, tlie Eastern
States, Especially New York, have
paid little attention to the demands of
150,000 men for belter working conditions, and as a result the metal polishing trade in the East is actually a
murderous industry. Hundreds of
men die every year of tuberculosis
contracted in thc shops in which they
have worked for years.
The metal polishers, well knowing
the conditions in this Slate, avoid it
as much as they can, and in the industry New York is known as the worst
State in the Union for evil factory
A State law provides that an effective blower system must be installed
where grinding or buffing is,done, but
the Factory Commission is practically
inactive. Because of a political fight
now* raging between the State government and the 'political machine, the
State .-Labor Department is without a
head.', Nothing has been done to force
the shop owners to establish an efficient blower system.
In many of the shops around Xew
York, where a personal investigation
was made, it was found that the
blower system; if established, was
absolutely ineffective, and that the
shop's were in a most deplorable condition. Only, where the union of
metal polishers has forced the bosses
to grant union wages and 'conditions
are the working places sanitary in
any way. A few examples will- illustrate the condition in the New .York
shops, and contrasted with union
shops, they show that the enormous
loss of life in the metal polishing industry can be considerably minimized
ers as demanded by law.
' The Rosenbaum Manufacturing
Company, with offices at 3 Bleecker
street, and a factory at 316 Bowery
will serve as a horrible example. This
company manufactures gas irons, and
a 'particular brand of ga3 irons known
as "Rose Gas Irons." The factory is
situated on the third floor of a three-
story fire trap.. Up two pairs of flimsy wooden stairs the visitor (but the
company does not usually admit such
Inquisitive persons) comes to a sorting room, where the gas irons are sorted and stored. This room is separated from the polishing- and plating
rooms, and in the summer the. heat
and fumes from the plating vats 'cause
a disagreeable headache upon entering.
Tlie forging of tho iro'ns is not done
on tho premises, but the article ls finished and polished there. The hum of
a number of grinding and polishing
wheels Is heard,
Upon entering the' polishing and
plating room, ono notices the close
proximity of vats and . polishing
wheels.' The two men sitting on soap
boxes at tlio left liaiul aide as you enter, nre "roughing out" the Irons, thnt
Is, thoy nl'o grinding on coarse emery
wheels all foreign bodies from tho
Irons, preparatory to dipping thorn In
tho plating vats.
To be sure,, a blower system has
been Installed, but tho room Is choked
with dust. Tho men rive sitting with
tlieir foot In dust piles, In somo *plar*0B
n foot high. The blower systom In tho
Rosenbaum 'Company Is absolutely ineffective. The hnrrt dust circulates nil
ovov tho place and tho grimed men
present a ghastly sight, straining pv.
ery muscle, hont over tlio machines,
Tho omory buffing nnd polishing
wheels revolve nt tho rato of 2,400 to
3,000 revolutions per minute, Tho
belling Is ungiinnled nnd aimgorous,
A llttlo further down the room nro
several moro mon pollBliIng tlio dipped
Irons. A vory rlno wheel is used and
sends up a very fine dust.
Two foot nwny from tho whirring
wlieols nro sovoral nlcklo plntlng vnts.
Kiich vat Ih nbout six foot long, throo
foul wldo nud about four foot (loop,
nnd contniiiK a colored liquid which Ih
olootrlflod. All motnl connected with
tho vnts Is covered with n slimy
brown nnd green corrosion,
The gnu Iron, after tho "roughing
out" proecHB, Is placed In tho vat nnd
kept thoro Bovoral mlnutcti, according
to tho strength of tho solution nnd tlio
quality of the plate desired.
Tho floor around tho vnts le cover-
(.hi with waior ami uri|i|*>mts» trum tno
c'jI.i, lui-inlui, I'trl'ium-uu puddJi'-f. A
young mnn is Inking out tho Irons nnd
washing thorn in hoatod tanks of
water nnd B-nrubblng thorn with potash
to remove dirt nnd grouse.
■•TMwpfin tho Rtc-nm, dust nnd water,
working In mich « place Is pnrtirul/ir-
ly Hhhonlthful, nnd tho workers .tlionv
solves glvo evidence of thlB fact. All
of Umm nro young mon, between tho
ngea of 2ft nnd 30, Tliolr fdceu nro
gaunt nnd their oyos stare from tliolr
Rockets. Mnny exhibit evidence of
tuberculosis, nnd nfter working ton or
twelve hours n dny for months In mich
tx place It Is no wonder thnt they soon-
or or Inter contract thnt .itptxii disease.
These men, though all highly skill,
ed, rneolvo exceedingly low wngflB,
Such manufacturers ns tho Hosen-
baum Company make It their business
tn ix<*t "ptrct-rt" men who have rcrcntly
ImuNmI and exploit them us long ns tho
latter will permit,  flbme of the bossfiB
have been known to take in a "green
man" and pay him the sum of ?3 per
week until the "green man'?- learned
<the value of money and protested.
- .The men spit everywhere, and even
though a healthy person may not have
been affected, the dusts spread tuberculosis. Often there is no drinking
water in the place and the inevitable
result is the beer can'. The law forbids workers eating their lunch in any
room where polishing, plating or
grinding is done, but the time the unorganized worker is allowed for lunch
is insufficient for him to go elsewhere..
One of the most notorious shops in
the industry is the W. H. Flavin Company at 217 Center street, directly opposite Police Headquarters. Flavin's
shop is situated in the second floor of
the 'five-story building. The place is
so dark that one can hardly see anything ten feet away. It is always dust
choked, though a pretense is made to
keep up a blower system.
The Flavin Company is well known
as employing the cheapest kind of labor. They make it their specialty to,
get immigrants, generally Polish and
Italian, and work them for the lowest
possible wages. There is practically
no ventilation in the place, nor is any
attempt made to better sanitary conditions in the shop.
"On the fourth floor of the same
building is the Brandt & Herman
Company, a firm employing union
men and recognizing the organization.
This shop is clean, because of the effective blower system. Every wheel
is covered with a hood. The place is
well ventilated and lighted.
The union shop is having a hard
time making ends*' meet, because of
the cheap shop below where the work
is done by cheaper labor, and consequently the customer goes where he
can get the best prices. However, the
work done by the Flavin company is'
known to be inferior in all ways.
Brandt & Herman, through giving-the
.workers good conditions, have a reputation of turning out very fine work,
and all this work is of the best quality.
The workers in" the .union shop receive a minimum wage of §20 per
week, working eight hours a clay.
In places where cheap work is done^
the finished product is decidedly poor.
The nickel, brass, silver or gold platq
soon peels off, if the object is not
properly prepared before plating. A
good nickel, plate will last seyeral
years, while a cheap job rarely lasts
more than a few months.
Among some of the other shops vis-
be bad, with ineffective blower systems and bad ventilation, were the A.
G. Miller Company, 108 Center street.
All kinds of urns are manufactured
there and brass is known as one of
the worst metals to work on. Dust
was thick on the floor.
The George Taylor Company, 97
Cliff street, is another shop where
conditions are 'particularly bad. It is
said to be one of the worst In the city.
The big vats are less than a foot apart.
In winter the air in such a shop is
filled with dust and fumes from the
tanks, It Is particularly dangerous,
and by the installation of hoods above
the vats to carry away tho fumes, the
diseases which result from constant
contact with the acids could be considerably reduced,   ■•      \ -
Another of the shops said to bo In
bnd condition Is the Hainpel**& Llpner
Company, 83 Crosby slreot; Very few
except the workers over gnln entrance
to the polishing rooms, and the Investigator wns unsuccessful and only
reached thc office.
All of the above mentioned unorganized small shops wero overcrowded.
In winter whon the windows are closed, tho plnco becomes a. veritable hell
better workmen. The company has
tried to make working conditions as
good as possible, and shower baths
have .been installed.
■The trade in all branches is perilous, and the workers engaged in the
trade find it partici|!arly difficult to
obtain life insurance. The life insurance companies refuse to take the
men at a risk and, In exceptional
cases,, if the polisher or grinder ls
able to "obtain insurance, the rate is
extremely high. The insurance companies are at present trying to remedy
conditions by educating the workers.
■The 'Metropolitan Insurance Company of New York is endeavoring to
instruct workers how to preserve their
health. A number of pamphlets have
been printed and are being distributed
among the workers. In the "Health
of the Worker," by C. E. A. Winslow,
one of the iMetropolitan pamphlets, a
passage referring to the grinding and
polishing industry, quoted from an old
Massachusetts doctor, reads as follows:
"I have seen a number of cases ol
so-called grinder's consumption. N The
symptoms are excessive shortness of
breath on slight exertion, dry cough
and great prostration. The grinders
are from the Polanders and Finns' for
the past dozen years. The disease
takes hold of them more frequently
and is more rapidly fatal than among
the grinders of former years and-of
other nationalities. When I came
here forty years ago I found the victims among the Yankees who had
ground some twenty years before.
Those would grind eighteen or twenty
years before having to give it up. The
French Canadians were'then grinding.
They could work twelve to sixteen
years. They became frightened and
the Swedes took up the work. They
would get.-the disease in eight or ten
years. Now the Finns and the Polanders are at it, ancl they last only
three-to five-years, and the disease is
more common among them."
Then, again, the acids which -are
used in dipping,and plating are .extremely dangerous. , The worst is cyanide, used in silver plating. If the
fumes are not caught before they
leave the tank, the effect on all employes working near the vat is noticeably. Sometimes it takes only five
days for the cyanide to enter the sysr
tern, and with its appearance sores
break out on the body. In a short
time it causes a general breakdown.
Among the other acids which give off
dangerous fumes ahd are used in the
industry_are sulphuric, nitric and sev-
The, plater who works around the
vats all day is subject to constant
headaches and colds in the head. The
mucuous membrane of the nose and
the throat becomes parched and dry.
This 'gives malignant germs a chance
to work and inevitably leads to serious disease,
The brass working Is another perilous job, and it is not uncommon to
see a brass grinder or polisher with
green hair. The body exhudes green
perspiration and the entire system Is
In many of the Middle Western
States, especially Ohio, Michigan and
Illinois, the blower laws are strictly
enforced. This can be attributed to
the Work of the organization In these
parts. The law says' that the blower
■ystem must bo effective, and if those
installed in nny place do not come up
to the standard, thoy are ordered
taken out and an adequate outfit installed.
Tho law demands that the blowers
bo of sufficient strength to carry away
nil dusts from the wlieols, Tho size
of tho blower pipes nre specified, and
the strength of tho suction Is regularly inspected. In nil the Middle
hole, nnd tho fumes of the plating vnts ' Western States where nny grinding or
wages-down to an insignificant siim.
.The union has. a definite wage scale,
and where union conditions prevail,
the minimum wage istN41 cents per
hour. The union demands an eight-
hour day and sanitary conditions.
Some polishers and buffers receive
wages as high as $40 per week, but
they are few. Usually the worker re-.,
ceiving the highest .wage is the one
who has charge of the plating solutions.
Thousands of, men are engaged in
nickel plating. Another large branch
is chandelier 'plating, and most of the
chandeliers being brass, the work-is
especially dangerous and unhealthy.
One can hardly turn around without seeing some evidence of the polishers' or buffers' toil. All door and
window trimmings which are polished
have had to he plated.
All the polished parts on bicycles,
typewriters, elevators, telephones, ail-,
tomobile and stove trimmings, and
thousands of other things, too numerous, to mention, bear the mark of the
polishers'.work. ,The cutlery branch
is a big one, and the largest of the
manufacturers have realized the hazardous nature of the trade, and consequently the shops are fairly well fit-
tea with good blower and polishing
Today the young man who engages
in the polishing or grinding industry,
at the same'age as other young men
enter different trades, will be used up
'before ten' years have passed. The
sliarp dust particles or steel or brass
tear the. delicate' membranes of .the
throat, nose and lungs, and give the
tuberculosis, germ a better chance to
do its fatal work.   .
Polishers and grinders, no matter in
what conditions they work, are usually affected with* colds most of the
year. The throat becomes parched and
dry, which inevitably results in some
■pulmonary trouble.
Not only is the polisher and buffer
or grinder subject to industrial di-
seases,~but also to,many industrial accidents. The polishing and buffing
wheels are so constructed that as
soon as they wear loose, they are likely to break. When a solid emery
wheel breaks, it frequently means instant death to the' polisher who is
working the .machine. .Hundreds of
men have been killed because the boss
has been anxious to get the most usage outof the wheels.       . '
The huffing wheel is, sometimes
made of cotton and is«,pli'able. This
is to enable all parts of an.irregularly
shaped-piece of metal to.be polished.
The..danger in the cotton wheels lies
in the fact that Aie cotton sometimes
becomes entangled with a protruding
corner of the metal.
So powerful is the heel that an unsuspecting • or inexperienced polisher
often sustains a broken arm. These
accidents are by no means uncommon,
suiting in inexperienced men -being
put to work at jobs which are the
work of a skilled man. The desire
for profit is always a much greater
consideration than the life of the
The 'Metal 'Polishers, Buffers, Platers, Brass and Silver Workers' Union
of North America is an outgrowth of
the Knights of Labor, - The organlza"'
tion has been particularly active in
securing better conditions, wages and
hours for the pnst twenty years.
The delegates at the coining con;,
ventlon will be confronted with the
problem of many strikes now in progress in different cities throughout
the United States. Most prominent o'f
theso strikes are in the following
cities where the organization is
strong: Cleveland, Ohio; Detroit,
Mich.; Boston, Mass.; Buffalo, N. Y,;
Freeport, 111.; Bridgeport, Conn.
But the organization of the East,
especially Now York City, is one of
the renl big problems tho convention
faces.—-Now York Cnll.
The Ungodly
and the dusts mnko the placo un-
healthful to tho highest degree. In
many of tho cheap shopB young girls
nro employed, and tho effect, upon
their henlth cnn bo tninglnod.
Although thore Is some slight evidence that tho factory Inspector lias
visited some of those shops, still the
violations oxlet, Nearly cfory small
shop In Greater Now York Is a flro-
trnp nnd mnny of the places hnvo no
firo escapes, The polishing and 'plating biiBlnoHB is usunlly located In some
old building. /
Hundred!* of smnll plating and polish Ins shops nro to he found nlong
Greenwich street, tho heart of old
Now York. Tho East Blilo Ib crotlltod
with mnny moro, In ovory buoIi place
InvoBtlgatod, tho otnJrwnyH woro found
to he mndo of wood, nnd they were
usually In hnd condition.
Ah for light nnd ventilation, both
nro practically nonexistent. Somo of
tho wlndowH In these places were
nulled down, nnd tho dirt nnd gramo
mid ncld stnlns hnd never been removed,
Snnltnry conditions referring to
toilets nnd wash basins were vllo,
In not a -plnco vlultod woro tho
plating tanks In nny wny covered, or
tho fumes removed. The hunt from
some of tho ncld nnd wntor vnts wnH
The .T. TT. WMInmn ^'ompnnv, ir,0
Hamilton nvnnne, offorn nnothor coti-
trnBt ln conditions. Although tho shop
Is not unionized, nt least does not re-
cognize the union, conditions In tho
polishing shop are Rood. Kvery worker has nn individual wiibIi basin una
locker. The blower sy»tot)(i Is powerful nnd tho floorB nro clenn,
The suporlntondont ot tho shop do«
clnrod thnt If the bolting broke-It
would nof. bo two mlnuton beforo thu
whole njace would too flllod with dust
There uro fifty polUhoru employed
thoro nnd twonty-flve machines nro In
uso nt once. Howuv-hi*, «Ui«pUe tliu
groat amount of polishing done, there
Is no dust. Each wheel Is provided
with a hood which cnrrlos off nil the
The worlwrs In W» »h«P aw *!'»•
Mrvrtly different from those soon in
somo of tho smaller nonunion ahopfl
Tliey look healthier and seem to he
polishing Is done, the.law tlomnuds
thnt all vats containing harmful plating solutions shall be covered with n
hood, and a suction fan of sufficient
strength to carry off tho fumes ohnll
bo Installed. Consequently, working
conditions uro better, because tho or
gnulzatlon Ib stronger In thoBO States
than nny.whoro olso,
■MoHt of the shops In tho Wost and
Middle West nro one-story affaire nnd
nro floldom higher thnn two stories,
By this plan light Ib obtained from nil
sides, nnd ventilation Ib better,
Tho Pacific Coast StntoB nre rapidly
becoming centres of tho polishing nnd
grinding trades, Ilowover, all theBe
Stntos havo Btiiot blower and sanitary
laws, and tho mortality ln tho Industry thero Is much Iohb than In the
Eastern Stntos.
Of tho eight death claims paid by
tho union Inst month, seven wero dl<
roistly tho result of lnsnnltnry factor-
loo and shops, Only two of the rton
who died of occupational dfsoiiBoa
woro ovor 40, tho rost bolng botwoon
tho ngoH of' 2R and 30, Flvo of the
last named dlod from'lung trouble,
nnd tho remaining two from throat
nffectlons and pnoumonla respectively,
Tho death rate among the cutlery
grindorB In Sheffield, Englnnd, 18
it oo ut twice us nigii iim lur otn-ur worker;; of Ibe wiiiic ufic. More ili.in hnlf
of tho men omployod In cutlery grinding dlo of tnfforouloBlB.
At present tho organization is making attempts to organize tho Enot,
where n great part of tho polishing
and plating Is done. Thousands of
dollars nro to'ho spent In organization
work.. Owing to tho Brent numbor of
small shops, thoso employing flvo lo
ton polishers, the work of orgnnha-
tion Is oxtfomoly difficult,
There nro hundrons of shops In
Gronter New York wlioro thoro arc
no bio worn at all, tho floors are wot,
nnd thcra Is practically no ventilation.
The bosdOB dopond upon tho iRnornndo
of tho workers, nnd manage to keep
ouickiy trots eouoMt, curh eeiBi,
A Connecticut man ls believed to
havo succeeded In solidifying mineral
oils Into a paste, nnd it is assorted
that this product, contains not less
than AC per cont, pure naphtha, if so
doslred, which mnkes it deslrablo for
a numbor of purposes, The paste Ib
inflammable, bu', It Is not explosive
Such a product is vory npt to opon a
now naphtha sonp IndiiBtry. The roport hns It thnt a tablospoonful of the
paste contains ns much naphtha ns
throo enkos of tho ordinary nnphthn
soap, In which, on tho nvernge, two-
thirds of tho naphtha hns evuporatod
beforo It gots to tho consumer,
Tho paste hns ,othor ubob, A cylinder of strawbonrd dipped Into It when
It Is In liquid form, nnd nllowod to solidify by cooling, rnnkofl nn oxcollont
flro lighter. Tho solid oil firefighter
Is nnld to bo chonpor, olonnor, and
much more offlotont than kindling
Ab a binder for brlquots, solid crude
oil Is snid to bo tdoal, Unlllco pitch, It
does not smoke, and It materially In-
cronHOB tho ciilorloB of tho brlquot, Sol-
Id oil brlquotB, mlxod with either coal
dust or flnwdiist, contains as high ns
10,000 British 'thermal units, Ttieso
solid crude 'oil briquets nro Intended
for torpedo boats, flro onglnoB, nnd, In
fact, any ubob whoro tho development
of quick fltonm Ib Important, This fuel
simply needs a match to start It.
The '.Ig'.ilcr hydro oar-cna m-r.y bc
used for mnny other pnrpnsos thnn ivh
fuol whon solidified, nnd develop qunll-
ties they do not posbohs In liquid form,
Gasoline, when solidified Into cnndlo
form, makes a clean and snfo railroad
torch, and can bo UHod nlBo to ad van-
u»iitt in utiiihhKia protuftsioiiid, SS itim
inlxod with rod or blue flro, It cnn bo
usod for danger signals nt son, and
can bo omployod nlso to choapon fireworks. .Mixed with fuller's onrth, solid RnBfillno bocomos an excellent nntl<
phloglstln. and whon impregnated with
carbolic acid li |» mild to make nn ox-
collent cleansing product nnd gorml-
Tho 'Int-ernntlonttl tennis champion-
ship was won for the United States
rrom England on July 28 by Maurice
VI. McLoughlin, a young California
player, who how brings homo tho famous Davis cup lost to America since
1003. *
For several years now- there has
been a tendency to gauge the national
prosperity by the number of automobiles purchased or said to have been
purchased by the farmers. No statistics were ever given, but the roltera-
tion of the alleged immense rural consumption of automobiles always served as a reliable standby to confute the
assertions of the Socialists anent the
unequal distribution of prosperity.
It may be" that there is some tyuth
in the assertion, for we notice that a
State conference of Kansas clergymen
has-declared the other day that there
are at present no less than a thousand
abandoned churches In that State. The
shepherds explained this sad state of
affairs by asserting that the farmers
and their sons and daughters all had
automobiles and spent the Sabbath
joy riding instead of going to church.
From this it would seem that capitalist prosperity is in its very nature
destructive to religion. Commenting
on this matter editorially, the New
York World, after pointing out tha"t
fifty years ago Kansas was settled by
a'people intensely religious (it omit-,
ted to say they were poor also), continues: ' *
"Behold, now, their grandchildren
scoff at worship, abandon churches
and take to Sunday joy riding!
"This is the progress of bumper
crops and high prices. Too much" fat
in the land, too much milk and honey
in the "streams, "too- many' chicken
dinners for harvest hands, too. many
wayside inns where forbidden waters
are sweet, and though secret, arc
abundant; too many- good roads for
swift riding where the. corn grows
high and the riders can't be seen, too
many motors for the farmers' sons
and also for the farmers' daughters.
With these impulses pressing through
the week, Kansas can't sit1 still on
The above, though apparently written' in a half jocular vein—for""re-
ligioh is becoming a joke with many
of its journalistic defenders—is nevertheless the. popularly accepted explanation of such manifestations of the
decay of religion, as is shown in the
abandonment of churchgoing. It has
.Scriptural warrant, too, and .the allusion to the connection between worldly prosperity and "forgetting God,"
frequently occurs in the Good Book,  ,
But tho people who hold this view,
and the New York World itself, would
be horrified if some Socialist informed
them that religion in its ebb and flow
was largely a matter of economic de-
the World editorial comment means.1
They would insist upon the fact and
at the same time deny the palpable
conclusions drawn from it.
According to this view of the matter, people become religious in times
cf depression and pray for the return
of prosperity, so that they may once
again 'become Irreligious and-forget
God. If some agricultural pest devastated Kansas, we would hear thousands of these same ministers declaring that the pest was a punishment
from the Deity for neglecting his worship and abandoning his houses. When
the affliction was withdrawn after a
season of prayer and revival and humiliation, once again tho return of
prosperity would bring about tho
same conditions In an Interminable'
cycle. The theological explanation of
this 'phenomenon undoubtedly ton-
tains a dominating economic element.
, It Is a phenomonrjii, however, thnt
seems to bo connected with Individual
property alone, and probably for this
reason religion nnd property have
ovor been closely associated In the
bourgeois mind. The proportiless Industrial prolotnrlnt of tho groat cities
display an altogether different psychology. In times of pnnlc and Industrial depression, whon they are un-
omployod by millions, no religious ro-
vlval has the slightest chance of
making any Impression on them In tho
mass. Prosperous times for thenvaB
tho tlmoB aro called whon unemployment Is least, mako no difference
olthor, Witness tho collapso of tho
Men and Religion Forward Movement
recently, n movemont which synchronized with tho tlmo of gradual rocov-
ery from thc pnnlc and depression of
1007, The matter might bo explained
porhnps by tho assertion thnt tho modern Industrial wngo workers nre novor
really prosperous, and tho prosperity
attributed to them Is about comprised
ln tho fact that thoy got enough sub-
Blstonco from day to dny. Cortnlnly
wo novor bohold thorn In any notice-
ablo numbers Joy riding In automobiles, as tho farmors nro said to ho
doing, Tho ownorshlp of an nutomo-
bllo by a mnn working for dally wages
Is so rni'o as to bo practically nonexistent, Beyond getting pobbobbIoii
of n framo houso aftor dovotlng a lifetime of hard labor to paying off tho
mortgago—which they sometlmos sue-
cood In doing, nnd oftonor fall—thoir
sobor wlshos nover loarnod to Btray,
By tho tlmo the modern wago slave
has sucoeodod in securing his "homo,1;
ho la gonoratly past the dead lino, and
tho possession of an nutomobllo Is an
ihiuuM.uul ujuhiii tliat no luru*} <uiov*»
hlmpMf to tnflnljro In. Tic .mny Twllfl
or havo built them for others, but that
Is about IiIb limit. Certainly tho Ir-
religion of the modern city wago earner can neither be attributed to tho
ownership or ronownorshlp of automobiles, though tho farmer may bo
dlfforont In this respect Prosperity
manifested In nutomobllos may Impnlr
his sense of religious duty, nnd poverty restore It, but neither of thoso
causes affects the modern Industrial
proletarian. The atrophy of hh religious Interests cannot bo laid to tho
charge of tho ungodly automobile, and
must needs proceed from other causes, Llko tho thousand clergymen whl>
have lost their jobs In tbo thousand
nbnndoned Kansas clmrehos, he also
scorns ta be the victim of capitalist
prosperity, or %i le*«t no gsiner by it
Clergymen who sufferin tbls way
nro placod botwoon the devil and the
deep ses. They <l«re not pray for pov
erty and affliction" to fall upon the joy
riders to recall them to a sense of
their religious duties—at least not
publicly. And in the discharge of their
clerical duties they must, with apparent earnestness, thank tho Lord for
the prosperity that they declare has:,
closed a thousand of his temples in
one State alone, and thrown a thousand of them out of employment. In
this case they might rightly assert
from their own standpoint that poverty is a blessing, but the joy riding
fanners, in all probability, would be
about as much ' impressed with the
statement as are the industrial wage
workers. It would simply pass unnoticed as an expected piece of clerical cant, proper on the whple, but of
no particular application so far "as
they wero concerned.
It Is deplorable,, of course, that the
opulent Kansas farmer flying past the
empty place of worship on the Sabbath day In his devil wagon at 'steen
miles an hour, should convert the
earth into a vale of tears,for the local
preacher by depriving htm of his job,
but the good .man should remember
that there are other victims of capitalist prosperity' as well as himself,
and possess his soul In patience. Besides, tho condition anyhow is an answer to prayer, for he has prayed for
capitalist prosperity and got It—in
the passing jvhiffof his former parishioner's gasoline.—New York Call.   I
■At the time of going to press the
copper miners at Calumet, Mich., were
still on strike. Military rule prevails,
and many miners are being evicted
from their homes, Even the capitalist
papers speak of the lawlessness of the
troops and warn the wortien to keep
off the street. Conditions are as bad
around Calumet as they were found to
be by the congressional committee investigating -West Virginia. Mother
Jones is aiding the miners as only she
can, having gone to Michigan from
West Virginia.--    ------   - - -------- --
Bar supplied with ' the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars       "~
SEPT. 15 TO 21 1913 —
SEPT.I51? 21.1913
International Polo
Daily Osmei bstwotn Canadian
and American Tsami
$35,000 in Premiums %
Compatltlon open to tho World
The First National
Indian Congress
Approved by U.S,Oov«mun»nt
72d Sonforth Hi&lxlandors Band
$500CashPrizo« for Bettor Babiot
"Custor'* Lost Fi&Kt" Ni&Htly
A thrilllnX rtproductlonofthUftmoui
bittlt with 900 Indlani and 200 Soldlrn
Fireworks Display Every Ni&ht
Individual Farm Exhibit Priwss
$20,000 Race Profewm
I Sovmi Kmu Dally
Pouitrymtn'tMooting Wednesday
Dairy-man's MM«tin& Tliuntiky
Broadsword Bettleson Horseback
C, For Uhutratad Dally Program and
Premium Llit, oddrau 90?Chamborof
•, 9*:il&9**tl!fi;x**'^t:4*t*. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, SEPTEMBER 6, 1913
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta,
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention '
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Coods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Liquor* Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
We have ths best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Boaif HliHf "Imperator Hami
and Daoon" t.ard, Sauiagea,
Welnera and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
For our Foreign Brothers
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay \_\rn.
•Lunedl prossimo, primo Settembre,
i lavoratori del dominio di Uncle Sam
celebreranno un 'altva volta in forma
imponentissima il giorno a loro piu
caro e sacro, ponendo in disparate j
ferri del mestiere.
E' il giorno che appartlene ai figli
del Lavoro, giorno che rlcorda l'ar.a'-
versario destinato all'e mancipaziono
degli operai del mondo intero, per la
quale essi strenuamente lottano da
tempo immemorahile. Per fortuna
l'orrizzonte comincia a rischiararsi peT
le masse .operaie, mentre quello del
capitalisti principia ad offuscarsi: '1
dispatico doro regno sta per aver ter-
■Per anni ed anni i lavoratori sono
stati tenuti nella sottomissiorie e nella
schiavitu dagli sfruttatori; ma questo
stato 'di cose e ormai in procinto1 'di
divenire un triste rlcordo del passato.
Sta per terminare il letargo secolare
in cui i lavoratori sono stati immersi.
Hanno finalmente- compreso che per
essi non vi sara ne glustfzia'ne libena
sino a che non saranno affiliati a qualche ramo dell'unionismo, 11 quale mira
ad assicurare una decente esistenza.
L'unlone ha gia fatto del progressl
meravlgllosi ed impavida prosegue il
trionfale suo cammino.
■Ogni anno le parate operaie che si
fanno nelle cltta e borgate di queste
contrade, dlventano sempre piu maes-
tose; nelle file unlonlste si scorgono
sempre nuovl visi, tutti sorridenti, di-
mostranii la fede e la speranza che
hanno nel futuro e nel loro destino.
E' perche non dovrebbero essisor-
ridere?: Sono membri del Lavoro or-
ganizzato, che e rente piu forte e
Si ancle del mondo intero.
Facclamo In modo che d'ora In poi
sia ogni giorno 0"Labor Day" e che i
volti dei cavalierl dell'u mana attivita
slano sempre im prontatl al sorrlso.
Facciamo del nostro meglio e ..on
risparmiamo nessuna energia per rag-
giungere 11 mobile intento!
Sorridete, amlcl lavoratori: nel vostro sorriso vi e una promessa, un. in-
eorragglamento ed una speranza!   - -
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In auch a display of
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
La situazior.e nel Quindicesimo Distretto minerario e assai nubolosa, anzi
piu grave che mai e di quello che pos-
sa sembrare.
Non e ancora scongiurato infatti 11
pericojo di uno sciopero generale nel
Sud Colorado, New Mexico e Utah.
I minatori insistoiio precipua mente
nel volere il riconoscimen to della loro
unione e non voglio no piu che operai
non appartenenti all'unione seguitiuo
a'lavorare fra minatori unionisti.
Le compagnie' hanuo dicliiarato in-
vece di essere pronte a fare qualche
concessions, ma sono ri solute a mantenere la 'operishop'.
Gli ufficiali della United Mine Workers of America sono risoluti a proela-
inare lo sciopero genorales e le com-
mare Io sciopero generales e le compagnie non cederanno alle domande
che sono state loro fatte ed i minatori
del XV Distretto son pronti a disertare
le viscere della terra e provare che
sanno anche'essi imporre la loro vo-
lonta quando il case e la necessita io
Sono cominciati i primi trattativi
per venire ad un accomodameuto ma
sino ad ora non e stato possibile venire ad alcun concordato, in causa
dell'ostlpatezza delle compagnie.—L'unlone.
La situazione nelle miniere da rame
nella Contea Copper diviene sempre
piu critica di giorno in gierno. Gli
sbirri ed i soldati appartenenti alia
rnilizia dello State, colle arml impu-
guate, non tollerano neppure le paci-
flche parate degli scioperanti, i quali
mantengono un contegno calmo e tran-
quillo alieni da quallasi stteggiamento
Essi ■ cercano pero, colle buone, di
indurre i pochi crumiri a far cau&x
comunercosa che non va a sangue alle
compagnie, le quali fanno quindi agire
a loro beneplaclto il Governatore dello State, i fantpccini e gli sbirri.
Lo sciopero d£l West Virginia ci ha
dato -e contlnua a darci un esempio di
dispotismo e di abuso di potere da
parte delle autorita di quello Stato;
ma nel Michigan la situazione e ancor
piu triste, piu vergognosa. Nelle miniere di Calumet, Hecla, Osceola,
Quincy, Superior ed altre vi e pratica-
mente lo stato d'assedio. La rnilizia
la polizia si sono prostituite al capi-
Xello zona dello sciopero le cose
sono divenute talmente acute e la
situazone talmerfte critica, che gli ufficiali della Western Federation of
Miners hanno deliberato di inviare i
figli degli scioperanti in luogbl piu
sicuri e dove si pessa avere buona cu-
ra di loto.—L'unione.
A Deterrent in Coal
Dust Explosions
By Richard C. Hills
Excerpt-from a paper read beforo the
Colorado Scientific Society, Denver,-
June 7, 1913.
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horset for 8ale.
Buys Horces on Commlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Ledger" adv. is an
List of Locals District, 18
8«fi, nnrf P. O, ArirtrMn
llnnUhnml V. WMmiMloy. NmMomV M»n    '
Honvor Creole ".I. I.oiiKhrnm, Ilnavor Crook, via Pinch or, Altn.
IMli'vuo ,. .In in uh >iiur)(o, Hox mi, Uollovuo, Altn.
2163..;niajrmoru W, h. Hvuuh, Hlsilinioro, Alia.
010   Ilurinlu T, 0, Jlurrloa, l'imnbui'K. Alta,
2227   Carbonilalo.,......... J. lljtchell, Carliotulale, Coleman, Alt a,
 ,.,,j\, it, Jlllll'llUK, UHlirilClIC, Aim.
2(133   Colomnn, J, JoliriHtono, Colo-man, Alta.
2877   Corbin ,1. .loneaTCorblu, 11. 0,
Chinook Mino ...Jb8, llorno, Chlnoolt. via Diamond City, Altn.
Diamond .'City ,.1. K. Tliornhlll, Diamond City, Lethbridge,
F»rnl« .Thou. Uphill, Fornlo, Ji, C.
Prank...,  ,-'*Hvnn Mor'tfan, Frank, Alta.
Itosmusv  W, lUi\i\»;r*»i)!u», Hoanmr, tt, C.
flllldreat..,,...........Ins, Gorton, WHcreat, Alta.
l.'-thhrMsa,,,, ...t„Muui'u, 1731 SUUi Avoimo, X. Ulh biit^o.
ketMrldw Collieries.,Frank Unrrliiglmin, Coalhurst, A1U.
2820..Mnplo Loaf  T. 0. Harries, raiilwr*. Alta.
2031   Michel...., M. Hun-ell, Michel. U. C.
14   Monarch Minos,...... Wm. Itytul, Elcan P. 0., Taber. Alta,
2352   PaasburK.....,,,....,T. 0, Harries, Panaburir, Alia.
J58S  «oyal View (lea. Jordan, Royal Collieries, Loihbrlduc, Alta
102   TuUf A. I'nitersAn, Tnbcr, Altn.
2:i M
Until the latter part of the last century it was accepted belief- that explosions in coal mines were due solely to
the ignition of /lnflammnblo gases,
chiefly marsh gas, which ls the principal constituent of the much-dreaded
"fire damp." It is now well known
that while "fire damp" In sufficient
quantity will produco a disastrous explosion, and when present In small
quantity may initiate onb, tho chief
cause of tho tromendous forco developed by a coal mine explosion ls the
coal dtiBt In the mine workings,
It Is not necessary that tho nmount
of coal dust In tlio mine ntmosphero
he sufficient to render It explosive un.
dor ordinary conditions, Tlio prosoiuo
of a comparatively small nmount may
suffice"to propagate an explosion Initiated at 11 remote point; for example,
where the coal Is 'being'broken down
nnd loaded Into the pit cars, or whoro,
from any causo, tho formation of dust
rondors tho ntmosphero locally explosive.
As soon as tho Inflammable iinturo
of coal dust bociime generally rocog-
nlzoil Bovorul mothoilB ^voro'SURgostod
whoroby explosions might bo prevent-
od or tho effects minimized.'
Sprinkling tho mino froquontly witli
wator has brnn rosortod to In tho ma-
.lorlty of «a»08, and tho uso of hygroscopic compounds,  such  ns  calcium
chloride, which, when mlxod witli tlio
dust, would cniiso the surfneo to bo always moist, lias boon strongly 'advocated.   ...
..It la" doubtful if Bprlnkllng with wn-
tor Borvoa nny useful .purpose otlior
than to "lay" tho dust.   Indued, It Ih
certain tlint 11 Inrgo pnrt of the impnl-
pnblo powdor, tlmt otliorwlao  would
pnB8 out through tho "return" l« by
audi menus iiccumulalod In tho mine
In   11   wot,  often   muddy,  condition,
which, whon nn explosion occurs, Is
caught up nnd completely atomized by
tho'terrific force of the blast.   Thero
Is thus* formed, In front of the advancing flame, ii doimo cloud tlf highly In-
fliimmnble mutorlnl Uirough .which tbo
nxploHion Ih propngivteil with lncrenn-
nd aN'oleralJon oC powor and velocity.
Honco "Hprlnkllng" la, In effect,' onu
>■>»«>   ut aU(il(i«-'<<t»''li tliw illllOlHlt Ol   ptl-
trnlbMy  Hj^nrlvi> TunlorS:)!  ;ji riw.vij!
atlng In n mine while, from n byglonle
fltnndpolnt, tho mnlntoiiaiicft of an nl-
tra-humid lumouplioro, where mon nre
constantly nnd BtrenuouBly working,(ils
oiKin to ierloiiB obj««tlon.
i tip line ot iIiimIuhh teoni'H wiih aim,
resorted to, but wns found to bo of
small vnlu© in preventing the exten-
Hion of nn explosion.        > 4
Another method, nnd one that (14*
serves moro consideration thi^n It Iiiih
hitherto received In this country, in
iim miirikitihm nl.Klp'no-dust um devel- \n]f-' ''*■'*' l;'Vl>
oped during th« last four y-ears nt Al-
uifu udllei'> *u KitklHiid. Tbls method hns been well described by William
Kdward O.irforth In his pivsldentl.il
addretw delivered before the Institution of Mining Engineers of Oreat
i Hritaln. at l^>ndon. June *\, JSH2.
This method romlsf* fn th»» rffifrlhu
the roadways on the rough surfaces
and ledges along the walls and on
board shelves arranged .to the right or
left near the roof, according to circumstances. The*' shale dust is distributed either by hand or by machine
—we would prefer the latter in this
country, owing to the high price of labor.
The proportion of shalo dust used Is
from 10 to 12 times tho quantity of
coal dust present; an amount thnt
should bo amply sufficient, slnco the
Altofts gallery-experiments demonstrated thnt n mixture of equnl
weights ot coal dust and shale dust
was not oxploBlve, oven when the
amount of conl dust prosont was five
times as much ns cnused explosion
when puro ronl dust wiib used.
A study of the conditiona In the Silk-
Btono pit following the oxploslon of
188(J seems to hnvo first Buggestbd th?
uso of shalo dust as a deterrent, It
wnB thero" observed thnt the roturn
nlrwuys nontnl'ned.n .Inrgo.-quantity of
shale dust formed by tlio wearing
away of the floor by the feet'of men
and horsed', thoso aldwuys being used
as (ravelling roads. The Intake roads
contiilnod conl Oust, only, and the oxploslon was found to bo confined to
these roads'* tiotwltnstiindlng that the
stoppings were blown "out nnd the
bbiHt penetrated Into the return airways, yet. In 110 Instance wiib the ox-
plosion propagated along these airways, Subsequent experiments'In Uio
M'toftn gallery fully confirmed the ub-
ered off the roads has been used for
the time being to mitigate the effects
of an explosion should one occur.
The samples examined include six
of roof shales, one of road dust and
one of the ordinary loam of the country. .The shale samples were from
different part's of the Delagua mine,
and were all carefully selected by
Samuel Dean, inspector of the mine,
an educated engineer and a man deeply interested in the use of shale dust
in coal mines.
These several shales were prepared
and distributed according to Mr. Gar-
forth's observations and content-determinations as nearly as possible,, and
then tried, chemical and microscopic
tests.having been made. The. author
submitted the following conclusions:
Viewed in the light of miscroscoplc-
al and chemical investigation it appears that rhe shale samples that are
much less than two feet above the roof
coal contain too much carbonaceous
matter to be applicable for use as
shale dust in the prevention or mitigation of coal-dust explosions.
Satisfactory results were afforded
by a sample of dust that was well
rounded, the specific gravity low, the
solubilities high and with a total absence of the objectionable quartz
grains. In most respects it is superior
to the Al tofts shale for the object intended.
In conducting the solubility tests in
accordance with the recommendation
of Mr. Gar.forth the air-dried sample
was crushed in a porcelain mortar, to
avoid, the formation of abraded particles of metallic iron, and "the crushed
nvaterial .passed through a 10-mesh
screen—60 meshes to the linear inch
—the size that would probably'be employed in the large way.
The solvents used were distilled
water, a 20 per cent, solution of hydrochloric acid of 1.20 specific gravity,
and a solution of Elixir lactopeptine,
stated by the manufacturers to contain 38 per cent, lactopeptine and 19
per cent, alcohol, together with pepsin, pancreatln, diastase and lactic and
hydrochloric acids.
The- quantity of solution used in
each case was 25 cc, which was poured into a small f75 cc.) glass flask
containing one gram of the powdered
sample. The mixture was of sandy
loam "from soil-near the mine, and
was frequently agitated by imparting
to the flask a brisk circular motion.
It was then allowed to stand overnight
at a: temperature approximating 9S degrees, Fahrenheit, the solvent being
allowed to act for a tot-al period o'f 20
hours. In the case of the distilled water and dilute hyd'rocloric acid tests
the contents of each' flask was transferred to a beaker, diluted with water,
thrown onto a weighed filter-and the
residual washed, dried and weighed.
In the case of the digestive solution
test tho procedure is varied, thus: The
fluid, which is carmine-colored, is
400 cc, with a 50 per cent, solution of
alcohol, allowed to subside and the
clear liquor, decanted onto a weighed
filter. The residue is then repeatedly
treated with strong alcohol and.ammonia until the organic precipitates,
formed by the action of the fluid on
the rock are aro completely dissolved
and there is no longer the faintest lilac,tint to the solution., The residual
powder is then thrown onto the filter,
washed down with about 100 cc. of
water, finally, once with alcohol, then
dried and,weighed.
• The investigation will .be followed
later by practical tests on a sufficiently large scale to furnish reliable results. For this purpose, under the supervision of W, ,T, Murray, an experimental gallery is now being fitted up
nt Gray Creek. The results of the ox-
pertinents will probably bo communicated to tho Rocky Mountain Coal
Mining Association at Its Denver meeting.—The Coal and Coko Operator and
the Fuel Magazine. '*
sorvatlons In the SIlkHtone pit.
The stone dust tinnd nt AltoftB Ih obtained by finely pulverizing the argillaceous shalo "ripped" or ."brushed"
from tho roof to lueronso tho holnlit In
tho rondwnys.' Hoof shale Ib preferred
to any other rock for thlx purpose,
slnco In addition to It* bolng a waste
product It best, meets the following re-
ijulromoutfl: ' 1
(1) The ei'iiHlied dust should havo j
n low speelflc gravity to Insure thej
maximum amount of flotation wh«n |
thrown Into the mine atmosphere,
(2) It should liot contain hard,
splintery, inxoliibio grains of suoh
substances uh I'limru, which. wh«u
brought In eori'tnet with nnliniil tis-
sik*», produce Iirltiitinn,
CH The rock should h.l solf thut it ■
may'pulvnrlxfl readily Into rounded j
jmrikleH, " j
I ,\      Tl...      I   .... ' t *.,* i", '     '
*.,,*,,.. „*      "* j
w<»'ik solvonts-ubftnld !>*» hh'h tlvt*i iho >
Irritating nnii*»rHi«*s of tiilmlod pn'rtl-1
i:\rn may be dlw-ioHwl by the fluids of j
tbo boilj', I
iiii Tlw yorcmuiiRM of rnrhflunce-;
; mm matti'i' should be low. *
lur. ion i/>n 11 i.-< iiiiiiiieiiu* rimr His.;
tilled water, dilute Jiydrochlorlo ncld ,
nnd .dl»w»HUv«  fluid  bo cmplM't'd in I
solubility   determination)*!.    Mke»vl*«! t
the r-stimntltlon of the in-rct'iunge of
nuiRiietle part bien which may be pro<
dueed Uy th« us** of Iron, In pulv«rl«-
ii iiir mch in imrrt or
contain* slmn». miuIim grains.
"lilt*  mtt'l'fm   iim<ntilt!K   llm   UHit   tit'
shale duM lri tlw Altofts foilU»ry led ;;
W. .!. Murray to adopt thl* n»Hlw«l.!
»i»nfarl*r*ly, in several of the mlnei of j
ilif Vlrror-Amerli.ui Km*I t'nmpativ,    |
!*<■!..Ut.,: .1 H.i.J».i«h 1 n.ttiilu3ti«iii, iii*
A well-known university professor
who has taken much Interest In the
woninn's suffrage 'movoment,- was por-
stinded to carry a banner In«-a parade
that was hold In Xew York somo
months ngo, * ;
Ills wife observoll him inarching
with a dejected nlr aiid carrying bis
banner so that. It. hung limply on Ub
standard, nnd later she reproved him
for nut m-uking a better appearance,
"Why d'Ulu't you inarch like bodio-
body, nnd 'let. people see your banner?"
she said,
"My dear," meekly replied the professor, "Hid you see what was mi the
banner? It. rend, 'Any man can vote,
Why can't I?'"—Youth's Companion,
"I Grow Hair, I Do"
Fac-Siviiles of Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
Hiild at 2(5 ,       Restored at »).     Still have il at .V>
Young Man, Young Woman, Which do you prefer.
A 3T1CE FULL HEALTHY head  of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff,
SCALES ox tiie SCALP or an itchy irritation ts positive proof your hair
and scalp Is in a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the followlngl'arastlcial Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Hxccnia)
and certain to result in absolute baldness unless cured before tlio germ
has tho Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair is absolutely   unnecessary   and   very   unbecoming.
ALL DISEASES OK THE H.Vlit fade away liko dew under my scientific
treatment, and 1 posltlely liavo tlio only system of treat moil so far
known to science that is positively and permanently curing diseases
of the hair and promoting new growth. Tlio liair can he fully restored
to its natural thickness and vitality on all heads that still show flno hair
or fuzz to prove the roots are not dead,
J HAVE A PEIIKECT SYSTEM of treatment for out ot the city peoplo
who cannot come to me for pcraonal treatment (WHITE TO-DAY) for
question blank and full particulars. Kncloflo stamp and mention this
paper. My prices and torms are reasonable. My cures are positive and
"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
'  *   The  World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp Specialist
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item ot lumber not
found Just as we represented. Thero
ls no hocus pocus In
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we-do'not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter If they bought their lumber
Advertise in the Ledger
and get Results.
— DealerB In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.,
'Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up-v....       6,925,000
Reserve and Undivld- .    "     Tota| A„et8 ,,,,,,,,     72|0oo,000
ed Profits         8,100,000
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Gold ep,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,..
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Ir.teroBt allowed on deposits ot current rate from date of deponU.
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by The Canndinn Bunk of Commerce, nre a safe, convenient and
Inexpensive method of remitting small stinis of money.   These Orders,,
;nynble without charge at nny bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
'wltory) nnd in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the following rates:   "'■
$5 and under    3 centa
Over    5 and not exceeding $10    O    'V
10     " ." 30 10    "
30      " '* 50 13    "
tMuw u. u<i< a/ uttoiia ol our OHbUAi. f UKK1UN DRAFTS and MONRY
OROrcPS.   lntn*it i/Uhnnt (*,M».7 nt TeanrmnViln rtln
L. A. 8. DACK,  Manager. FERNIF  BRANCH
A (ItjpiMJt ofarn*. dollar it nuflkient t<> op*n'a *avinK"i itccount
with thi* ff.t'ii* llmV.    T!i*'i'*» i'-- *•* mv )-.';"*!i-.» !i of proi-p-wii
mtvinK* nccoiinm in llm Hmnn ll.uik ili.it Mirteil from .in original
licpovif oJ one iSotar.    J-'ull 4',imi*,>'i!i,l in(»'r«»i.j ;i!U-)»cit, »,,
tn  i\,r> mi-rtl-i  ~ti
tfon of finely crualicil slmlc dimt aloiin | <llfffr<*iu #U,*
} tit.iiitihiniy -if (»l*
.t\alUI»l«». iliiat r»Ui
i i* ii-
lh   lid, i !    :n   .. t!
HMoernte «*o TADAWTO   J*mcs mason
i  (it: t.i,
J. T. MACDONALD. Manacrcr
VjOTORIA AVE., -:. -:« rCRNIE, B.O.
Complete With Rings and Brackets
These-rods are of 1-inch finely finished wood and
have an ornamental bent wood bracket 15 inches
long.   Regular $1.00.   Special at 75c
Special Sale of Remnants
All grades and desjgns, beautiful Inlaid Cork,
plain and printed cork and printed Floor Oil Cloths
at a big saving for small rooms.
Many new patterns now on sale fronr85c to $2.50
per yard.
Brussels Rugs, 7x9 and 9 x 12, good quality,
choice of designs at $7.00, $8.00, $8.50, $10.00,
Wilton and Velvet Rags, room size,''highest grade
materials. , $25.00, $35.00, $40.00.
Hearth and Bedroom Rugs. Beautiful Mohair
Bedroom Rugs, $3.50.
"Wilton Rugs, 27 x 54, designed from famous Orientals, suited for den, living room or library. Other
lines in abundance at 75c to $3.50.
Our clean out sale of "Wall Papers is still in progress. All Wall Papers, regardless of kind or price,
at greatly reduced bargain prices.
Large line of Rockers from which any taste may
be suited. Golden or Fumed Oak or Mahogany,
some plain seats, others in Art Leather or finely
finished Genuine Leather.
Golden Oak or Mahogany $4.00, $6.50, $8.00
Fumed Oak, Leather Seat .. -.  $6.75
The celebrated McClary line, largest and best
_kno_TOiJn_Canada_. Satisfied--.users--ey-cry_.where_j:_e_-_
eommend them for wonderful heating and baking
capacity and economy of fuel. All, sizes, big selection, j
U/ieJl(onwm Wmtt.
We will open our Sweater season with a sale of the best and
newest lines of Men's Sweaters
and Sweater Coats. Our Fall and
Winter lines are now complete
and we take this opportunity to
introduce the latest ideas for 1913
at very attractive prices.
. Men's Heavy All Wool Sweater
in Plain Navy, Plain Grey, Grey
with Green Collar,. Black -with
Green Collar, Black with Cardinal, and Navy with Smoke Grey.
This Sweater will meet the requirements of the working man. -
Worth $2.25. Special Saturd iy
only , $l.ob
^ Men's Heavy Wool Coat Sweaters, with deep Collar, two pockets, sizes 36 to 42. Colors—Brown
and Grey only. This is a great
money saver. Regular value $3.00.
Special Saturday only $1.75
U/icJlona/icfi J17M.
This is one of the (host convenient Sweaters, Collar can be turned down to leave neck open, or buttoned up high. . Made from 4-ply yarns, extra
heavy, made to stand hard wear. Colors—Brown
with Khaki Collar, Green with Grey Collar, Myrtle
with Tan Collar. A regular $2.75 Sweater. Special Saturday  $1.50
Our extra heavy 4-ply Wool Sweater Coats, with
high Collar and two pockets. All sizes 36 to 42.
Colors—Grey and Maroon, Fawn and Khaki, Dark
Smoke and Grey..   Regular value $4.00.    Special
Saturday only  , $2.50
Tuxedo Baking Powder : 15
Lima Beans' ~ .*.*.... .v3 lbs.. .25
Krinfte Corn Flakes ' 4 for   .30
Quaker Flour  98 lb. sack 3.25
Pride of the West Flour : 3.00
iiowney's Cocoa ".... y% lb. tins, 2 for.. .45
Canada First Catsup ....-pts.   .20
Seeded Raisins 12 oz. pa./ 2 for   .20
Red Sock-eye Salmon  2 tins   .45.
Snyder's Catsup 20 oz. bottle   .30
Bran -..'  for 100 lbs. sack 1.15
Shorts for 100 lbs. sack 1.25
Chicken Wheat  100 lb. £ack 1.75
Upton's Jam ' ■ 5 lb. pails   .50
Tuxedo Jelly Powder '. 4 for   .25
Mazda Electric Lamps, 110 v 60 c     .65
Lemonade Powder large tin   .25
Sheriff's Marmalade  1 lb. pot   .20
Assorted Meat Loafs 2 tins   .35
Red Cross Pickles 18 oz. glass   .25
Lyles' English Syrup .. ? ■'.... 2 tins   .35
Special Blend Bulk Tea 3 lbs. 1.00
Kelowna Tomatoes  2 lb. tins, 3 for   .35
New Dried Onions 8 lbs.   .25,
Old Dutch Cleanser 3, tins   .25
Pears Unscented Toilet Soap -3 bars   .35
Lyman's Talcum Powder -..' 2 tins   ,35
Beef, Iron & Wine per bottle   .50
Nestles Food  per tin   .40
School Scribblers -.. 7 for   .25
New Modes in Millinery-Saturday Specials
An extraordinary showing of new modes in millinery, embracing all the latest styles. The colorings that are being mostly used this season are
Toupe, New Blue, Solid Black, Bottle Green, Stone
and Nigger Brown. Trimmings consist of Ospreys,
plumes, gama, fancy and novelty ribbons.. These
hats are from the fashion's centre and you are invited to inspect these beautiful models when next
in our store. They are quite different from any we
have shown before.   Prices $5.00 to $10.00
New Fall Coats and Suits
Style, quality and value were never stronger in
evidence than are exemplified in our this season's
Coats—a distinct change in the style this season.
More in the nature of a luxurious wrap, large fancy collars, sleeves slightly fuller, fasten in front
with large frog or buttons. Some in the new Bulgarian Blouse effect, gracefully draped below the
waist into wide belt effect band and come in three
quarter and seven eighths length. All the new materials, diagonal stripes, curls and chincilla's dain-
able change in the style of the suits is the neat fitly combination -color- effects, with reverse cloth
trimmings $15, '$65
Suits—The most notable change in the style of
the suits is the neat fitting draped skirts and the
cut away front coat, with the long rounded backs,
decidedly smart ahd becoming. AVe have a remarkably complete range, including all the new materi-
als and shadings.   Coats all silk lined. $15. to $50
Ladies' Fall Weight Knit Vests and Drawers,
long sleeves.   Each 25c
Have you ever wished for
relief from tired feet? Ever
wished for a shoe you could
wear all day without thinking
of'your feet?: There is just'
such a shoe for women. It is
called "Empress." We are
"Empress" agents.  .
Operated same as regular brush sweeper but far
more efficient. No. harder to operate, no dust
through the room, cleans under chairs or other furniture. Nothing to break or get out of repair, positively guaranteed. The most sanitary, practical
TnMiunr"priced~swe"ep"ei^>et"nnvented: Watclmt-
eat dust!
Picture Framing at moderate, prices.
Money Saving Prices
The Store of
The small children are still unable
to attend school owing to lack of furniture. It is hoped to be able to accommodate them next Monday.
We rogrot to announce tho death
of Jlrs. Mlnty, wife of Provincial Chlof
of Police, 'Which took place in tho East
on Wednesday. Chlof Mlnty had left
for the East' when the news was received at Fernie.
Tho young people of the Methodist
church arc carrying on a series of
studies In sociology on Monday evenings. Tho BUbjoct for September 8 th
iu "The Making of a .City," ■■and,tho
leader is Mr, Pennetl. All Interested
nre welcome. <-, V
Mr, Goo, S, DIestzer ahd Miss Lydia
Carsten, both of Cranbrook, wero married at the Waldorf Hotel, Pernio, on
Wednesday, September 3rd, by Uev.
D. M. Porloy. Tho nowly married pair
loft on tho Spolcane oxpreBs for Cranbrook, where Mr, Dletzer Is employed
ns a barber."
'Born—On  August 20,  to  Jlr.  and
Mrs. G. B. Thomson, a son (stillborn),
The regular monthly meeting of the
Ladies' Bonovolent Socioty will bo
held at tho homo of Miss Alexander on
September Oth at 3.30.
The regular meeting of tho Ladles'
Guild of Christ Church will bo held
at the homo of Mrs, Kennedy on Sept,
10th at 3.30.
We are able to announce tho prizes
for,the drawing In aid of Brother
Amuns Lnsaalle, which consist of a
$50.00 14k gold watch, a fine 141c diamond ring and handsome scarf pin,
Tickets may bo obtained fi;om Frank
Santonl or Mr. T. Uphill, Secretary of
aiadstono Local. Drawing takes placo
In tho Isis TheatVo on Oct, 20th, Prizes aro on vlow In A. C. Llphardt's
The Hov. Father Donnolly, O, M. I„
of London, England, will bo holding a
mlHBlon ln tho R. C, Church starting
with tlio 10.30 sorvlco on Sunday, Sept.
M. Lectures and discourses will be
glvon during tho ...first woek for tho
bonoflt of tho Catholic congregation,
whilo tho Hticoml woolt's work win ho
In tho shape of propaganda,
At u mooting of the Athlotlc Abso-
clatlon hold In \V, II. Herchmor's offlco on Thursday, the following alterations In tho list of officers was necessitated by the resignation of II. W.
1 torch m'er, who Is lonvlng shortly*for
tlio Const: Mr. .1. F. McDonald was elected president, whilo Mr. llrown, of
tlio Homo Iliuiii, succeeded to the post
of treasurer.
Tho HKiiiMgi.-jnent of this .smart llttlo theatre nevi<r nllow n wf-f'k to pass
without Rome further nitwit Ion to
tliolr bill of fare or house.    Mr. Mil-
li.i- liiffirniii no tls'it lid t" ni'iVlttt' oiitfln
extensive alterations to tint pitch of
thOj.floor whereby those seated In'any
pnrt of the house will he able to obtain rt fill) view of the screen. He ts
nlso addlnlg several rows of chairs In
tlio auditorium, The program for this
week end cnntnlni it two reel Hex
mm htoiy, tin- "Htiiuf.'Kl«jr'« Daughter."
While for Kntiirday there Is a two reel
101 ItlHou military drama entitled
"The Indian's Secret," also two com-
edict and two dratoa*. Patrons nhould
not fall to secure copy of the "Weekly TUiHetln," which contains n synoptic review of iim feature** for tin*
forthTimlnc; wr.il:._.
This evening, Friday, an amateur
vaudeville ontortalnmont will bo glvon In the Grand Thoatro undv tho
auspices of thc Votorans' Association,
tho proceeds to bo devoted to the memorial fund. All artists aro bolng
trained by Mr. Wilson Macdonald, of
Toronto, and are local characters. TJio
program Includes hypnotism, sleight
of hand, cartooning, dancing aud music, while some first class, up to dato
ditties will bo hoard, Mr, Macdonald
Is one of the greatest stage managers
off tho stago and the progress that tho
local artists have made during a short
period of Instruction Is nothing short
of marvellous, We can iiHsuro all who
Intend patronizing tho concert and as;
stating the cimsu thut nrrangomont
have been mndo with tho local practl-
tions to he on hand to,,render assist
ance lo any sustaining fractured ribs
its.H result of convulsions,
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—Aftor having our schools
closed down for the usual two months'
summer holiday's, notico was given
that school commenced on Monday,
Aug, 25th.   '
The pupils belonging to one class (If
not more) presented themselves for
school 5 or ti times, only to bc turned
each day. Thursday morning they
woro told that they had better stay
home until Monday morning,
To my mind there-Is something
wrong somowhere. Tho cause, as I
understand 'It from ono of my children,
Is Insufficient seating accommodation.
Tho thing that puzzles mo Is what
was the reason this could not bo,attended to during the two months' holiday just passed?
Again, why toll the children to como
morning after morning, hnvlng to bo
Bont homo through pouring rain for
no benefit? Why not have used a little horse B0H60 and Instructed tho children .to stay away until notified
through tho press or for a period of a
wook or so?
Trusting the school trustees will
mako a note of this nnd thus avoid a
similar recurrence The children's education needs attention; wo will booh
havo winter hero, whon It vlll ho Impossible for Bomo of tho little ones to
Thanking you In anticipation of glv-
Ing this space.
Yours truly,
Komln appears to bo tho rendezvous
for aspirants to ring honors, am] tho
Intent nrrlvnl 1s ClmTlle T.necfi, of Ohl-
camo, who Is at present staying nt tho
King Kdward. Charlie Lucca, or "Kid''
Lucca, nfl ho Is popularly known In
tho Wast, has allowed us to periise
nls scrap hook, which contains enough
material to fill half a dozen Ledgers,
and If tho Kid is as good ns tin- Kant-
cm pupurs credit him, then tho match
that Jnck Lowe Is arranging hetween
him and Frenohlo Valso for the light
weight championship of Cummin,
should bo very Interoxtlnir. The Kid
has a reputation for being a clean
sport, and hns visited most of Euro-
p-ean countries. The match, It arrang*
i.ii- ivflJ tniiti pinfr* on X*p*i*m)irr 22nd.
At a mooting of tho Council hold on
Thursday ovonlng, in the City Hnll,
tho mayor and all the aldermen were
present  with  tho  exception of Aid.
li u.-w dcdJt'i] U> ixiy Ihi.' !'.'.M3:jjji;t' i'l
$M0 to the Athletic Association In
connection with tho park.
Alderman Ilohlchaud wanted to
know whother tho names of those who
hud imlil their wt«*R could not he
erased from the delinquent list. It
was i|-omnrko(J hy ono alderman that
this was ono menns of keeping your
name before tho public. Iloblchniid
did not agree, although he wns of the
opinion that It might save one from
the attention of Impcc-unlous ■ frlonds.
It was doeldod to order thc pipe necessary for sewer extension to macaroni factory, which will shortly ho
oponed up as ft packing plant. Watch
Fernie grow—«nd compute with Chicago.
Alderman Uphill called the attention of the <kn»«c!!i to tbe tt*1« of the
nMfHwJV bMld* tho provincial build-
ir.g, whore the contractor hasoxcavat-
ed a trench some four or five feet
deep and piled the earth onto the
sidewalk, leaving a space of about
twelve or eighteen Inches for pedestrians. This street is very much used,
being principal thoroughfare to the
lower part of town and Annoy.' The
councillors mado some- very caustic
remarks about samo and at Mayor's
suggestion It was moved by T. Uphill
ond seconded by W. Morrison that the
chief of pollco bo Instructed to havo
sidewalk cleared Immediately.
G, G, Henderson, who .seems determined that tho schools shall havo all
that ls coming to .them, was present
and called the Council's attention to
the overcrowding of the Annex school,
It was pointed out that In tho two
roomed school there are 117 ohlldron
and In one room alone, one teacher
had chargo of 67 children. Mr. Henderson wanted $7,000.00 to build- nn
addition to tho Annex school. It was
remarked by the school trustee that
the Increase In tho number of scholars had beon remarkable, and -exceeded all provisions made. Tho Mayor
remarked that of the 20,000 dollars
loaned on debentures by tho bnnk that
17,000 dollars had been asked for by*
tho School Board and Iio was at a Jobs
to know where tho additional money
was to como from. Me would, how-
ovor, communicate with tho bank nnd
endeavor to ralso a further loan, but
was dubious nbout being able to
squeozo 'om. Mr. Henderson also ask-
od, tho Council to stato what power
the School Hoard had over the Medical Health Offlcor, and whether tho
relationship was on all fours to that
of tlio Council, Tho Mayor was of tho
opinion that It was. Another mattsr
mentioned by tho representative of
the School Board was tho appointment
of a truant officer, nnd Mr. Henderson
expressed the opinion that with the
assistance of such np official anothor
Hiuliuu, ui tUUUIiUl   U-Mliu  *i*J liritttu*,*.
iiji HnvJhj; ri\!;:irfl tn Ihe j>ro*M\t
famine In school space his. suggestion
did not meet with tho hearty approval
of the Hoard, although thoy expressed
sympathy with tho object. >
A upeclnl meeting of aiadstono Local Union will bo hold In the Grand
Theatre on Sunday, 8«ptethbor tho
Mth, ot 7.30 p.m, Business to rocelvo
nominations for District Officers, In-
tcrnntiomil and Sub-District, Hoard
Mombors, nln.o to discuss Important
mutters pt-ruitnlng to the Blck mi
Accident Fund. ...,*.
' T, UPHILU Secret*?*.
The rwilnr meeting of Olsdston*
Local Union will bo held In the Club
ilstt, C«*l Cr**k, m FrMty, September tbe 12th,
Boxing Contest is
Won by Cyclone Scott
The main bout was scheduled for
10.30 p.m., but tho preliminary of four
rounds between Plola and McCormack
got going about 10 p.m. This was
quite an Interesting exhibition, both
lads landing some sharp, clean blows
and giving uo Indication of that affection (?) which characterized the main
bout. From tho first it was seen that
McCormack had a good "kick," although tho Italian lad had both,speed
and wind. Neither boys displayed excessive scientific knowledgo and although McCormack sent his man down
twlco It was pretty evident that It was
moro In the nature of a stumble than
a knock down, There is no doubt the
lads will meet on somo futuro dato
when an interesting exhibition will result.
Some delay was occasioned by tho
contestants for tho lu round bout not
being on hand and tho spectators
showed considerable Impatience. This
Is a condition of affairs that should
ho remedied and It should certainly be
notod by the promoters that punctuality Is a condition Indlsponsriblo to tho
management of all fights. Tho contestants Introduced by tho reforeo
woro Dick Marshall (Fornlo) and Cyclone Scott (Vancouver) \ nilos, Mar
quis of. Queensbiiry, 3 minutes, one
minute interval.
In tho first round both men tried to
draw but honors were about oven. The
socond round was Marshall's and he
succeeded in landing several blows,
but Scott was always a little boyond
reach, In tho third round Scott got
in several'uppercut Jabs while In-fighting and drew first blood. Marshall
was doing all tho fighting and Scott
did not look a stayer. Tho fourth
round was pretty oven, neither mon
doing much hitting and the referee
working hardest in trying to separate
tho mon, in tho fifth round Marshall
did aii tho fighting again, but Scott
was ablo to avoid heavy punishment,
although his body showod Mnrshnll
had glvon samo attention. Tho sixth
round found both mon fighting strong
with Marshall looking tho hotter in
splto of ix rather badly battored mouth,
Scott lost no opportunity to Jab his
man whilo In tho clinches. The seventh round was Scott's and tho latter
soomod to bo getting stronger overy
round, but Marshall was gamo and In
splto of h«mvy punishment landed several blows and rushed Scott to ropes,
Eighth round—This was one of tho
host rounds and both men apponred to
be tiring when gong sounded. Honors
in favor of Scott. The ninth round
was Scott's and at one time it looked ■
aB though Marshall must go out; he
saved himself by clinching. Tenth
round—Marshall gets severe punishment in early part and saves by clinching. The eleventh round was an exhibition of affection but Scott got in
somo effective 'jabs, Marshall makes
several blind hits and loses his head
for the moment, The thirteenth
round found Marshall on his foot, but
Scott was the stronger and got tho
best In the clinches. Tho fourteenth
round waB not sensational, but Scott
got the best In tho clinches. Marshall
shows signs of tiring, Fifteenth and
last round found Sco(t smiling and hitting strong. Ho put In several heavy
blows but 'Marshall seemed ublo to
take ^11 tho punishment and managed
to stay on his foot' until tho call of
Tho decision of tho roforoo (Con
Wholan) tn favor of Cyclono Scott w«b
rocolved, with applause.
Marshall certainly, fought gamely
out ho could not got through Scott's
dofonce, while tho footwork of tho
lattor saved him time after time.
Tho promoters are to bo congratulated on arranging what was tho best
bout soon In Fernlo for Bomo time.
Frank Saxon, of IllllcroBt, will wren-
tlo Guy Sansom, catch wolgbt each for
$100 a side.
Friday, 8ept, b,
The Smuggler's Daughter
The Indian's Secret
8 n«»l.   "101" Wnon'Military Drama.
Monday, Sept. 8
Love Life and Liberty
"Jlil" mwn CuXmti'BiiunlDh W«r Story
Tuesday, tfept, tf
*"Bclalr." 3 Hool Drama
H V*U*u'v»*k*U.J ,  MV).*.   99
In Slavery Days
2 Html "Tltix" Drama of "Dixie Und"
Thuwday, Sept It
The Stronger
*   "ISclair" 2 Item Drams.
Get otir Weekly bulletin and Keep up to Bate


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