BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1913-06-21

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0308912.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308912-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308912-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308912-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308912-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308912-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308912-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

yf   -'.^   i
Industrial tfcity is S+t-ength.
The Official Organ of Distridt No. 18, U. M W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
$1.00 A YEAR
the New Resident of District 18
Election of Officers for
Gladstone Local Union
MARTIN,  HARRY     606
Knowles, Joshua  124
Spoilt votes     24
Majority 382
GRAY, JOHN W ;     199
Sutton, Joseph     171
Kent, Johii      146
Handwlck, Arthur    91
, .Spoilt ballots       37
Phillips, W. L  288
Spoilt hallots .......... ,21
Majority       134
HEANEY, SAM        155
MISSISOO, NIC       141
BIGGS, THOMAS      126
The above Four were elected
Gray, John W.     117
Savage, William  .... .109
Saunders,  Sid         76
Snow,' Harry       65 ,
Kent, John    61
• Edgar, Charlie        60
Hilton, Mathlas        60
Stowe,  Thomas         55
Krowles( Joshua        49
Blakemore> Joe         45,
Handbook,' Arthur    45
Barr, Hugh   T......     30
District 18 U< M. W. A.
Funeral of Emily Wilding Davidson—
No Trouble ai Anticipated by
LONDON, June 15.—The funeral of
Miss Emily Davidson the suffragette,
wjio died after being trampled by the
J-iing's hoi re ft the Derby mi June 4,
...ook place through London str ect 8* yesterday afiorr.oon.
The programme arranged Friday
night was for the funeral procession
to pass through the main streets pf
London between Victoria station and
Bloomsbury and Landon. Saturday
morning the officials of Scotland Yard
suggested that the women should
parade through the quieter side
streets. The suffragette leaders be-,
came highly indignant and announc:
ed they would pay no ■ attention to.
lision thus seemed large.-
Procession Starts  ,'
The funeral procession started from
Victoria station at 2 o'clock.' The
coffin, covered with flowers, was" ln
an open hearse drawn by four black
horses. The bands played" * dirges"
while the members of the various women's-societies feir into'line behind
the hearse. Enormous crowds surrounded the station, making progress
The parade was divided into eleven
sections. The suffragettes marched
in fourB, all carrying flowers.
The coffin was ln the middle of the
procession and the clergy of St.
George's church, Bloomsbury, marched at tho head. The rector of the
church, Dr. Baumgarton, had issued a
statement that he was not a sympathizer with the women's militant tactics.
Only Two Missing
With tho exception of Mrs. Emme-
line Pankhurst, who was re-arreBted
today, and "General" Mrs. Flora
Drummond, who Ib 111, all tho leaders
of the militant organization occupied
prominent places ln tho procession.
Owing to the dense throng of spectators the funeral procession moved
vory slowly. A young woman at tho
head dressed entirely In white, carnou
a cross aloft. The bands played tho
"Dead March."
For Uio most part tho crowds woro
orderly and. sympathetic. A deal of
confusion and commotion was caused
by' the report that the police would
compel the paraders to proceed
through secluded streets.. There was
no serious trouble, however..
Laid to Rest ln Her Native Place
MORPETH, Eng., June 15.—A large
delegation of suffragettes and thousands of spectators witnessed the interment today o'f the body of Emily
Wilding Davidson, in St. Mary's parish
church yard. Her funeral at London
yesterday was made the occasion of
great demonstrations of sympathy
by suffragettes.
Today four white-clad women led
four black horses, attached to, the
open wagon on which the coffin ..was
rested. Another wagon, loaded with
wreaths, followed. - '',
Before the coffln__was Iowered.3t.
was'covered'^wifh a palflfrom the mother, Inscribed: "Welcome .the'Northumberland Hunger' Striker."'"
11' *_____1__^_       ' i
Liner Comes  Into..Portr-Wlth Three
Passengers Suffering from '
QUEBEC, June 16.—When the
steamer Mount Tempie, of the Canadian1 Pacific railway line, arrived
here on Saturday evening from Antwerp, with 2,094 passengers on board,
three men wero suffering from
wounds, one from a knife and two
from a revolver, as a result of a row
on board last Thursday night at sea.
The immigrants on board tbe steamer are principally from continental
Europe, and It was, impossible to get
nny Information from them regarding
tho troublo. It is thought, however,
that tho fighting started ovor a woman.
The Mine Operators' associations,
tho Manufacturers' association, tho
Employers' associations, tho Citizens'
Alliances, tho Klrbys, Posts, Parrys
annd all tho othor frothing enemies of
tho labor government can never crush
or suppress unionism as long as tho
mon in tho ranks pf labor nxe truo to
themselves nnd loyal to their obligations.—Ex.
Railroad Pays $37,SOO
to Injured Employe
New Haven 8ettles Out of Court With
Lineman  Who Asked $100,000
What Ib bol loved to bo tho largest
Hum ovor paid by a railroad to an employe In Now York t|tntQ for InjtirloH
sustained during tlio performance ot
his dutloB, was rooolvod by Lawronco
J. Ilynn, a Hnoman employed by tlio
Now York, Now Haven nnd Hartford
railroad, yesterday. ' Ityan, who
brought stilt against tho railroad for
$100,000, rooolvod 137,500, tho caHO
having boon settled out of court,-
Ryan wna Allocked on January 18
on a high tension wlro carrying 11,000
volts, whilo working on nn anchor
bridge at tho Wost Farms station.
Ityans right log and arm woro bo
i badly burnod that amputation was
■fl-A-artfli'lfl.-Mf       ri*f\*t\       fftV       WnoVo    it    tl'^tf
doubted whether ho would recover.
Hyan, who is 42 yoars of ago and unmarried, Is a member of Local 3? of
tho International Brotherhood* of Electrical Workers (Rood fraction) of
Cleveland, Ohio,
Wl. ,     . -tl ...     ...... ».i.     ..   , ...
nogllgonco on tlio part of tho company under tho Fodornl Employers'
Liability Act.
Tlio first caso won'undor tlio act
was that of Ellon TorwIUIger, as administratrix of Frank TorwIlliRor, ot
Port Chofltor, N. Y., wlio got |J5,000
In tlio Wostobostor County Court
Torwllligor was n Hnoman employed
by tho Now York, Now Haven and
Hartford Railroad Company, and
whilo In the act of climbing a wooden
pole at Cos Cob, Conn., ho onroo in
oontact with a high tension wlro carrying 11,000 volts,
Aftor tlio trial of tho caso lint! continued for about two hours, tho rail*
road lawyers sottl-fld for tinnnn TV
foro tho trial tho company offered
Hoth Ityan and Torwllligor woro
reprflMntcd by O'Nolll, whoso offlco
Is at 300 Broadway,
t*UtS*,'wli      V**V
Federal Employers' Liability Act, was
brought by Thomas J, O'Neill, hit at-
tornoy, who allotted nogllgonco on tho
part of tho company In tho Wost-
chestor County Supremo Court boforo
Justlco Morschaufior, Rathor than face
trial thfl company ntittlati out nt court
O'Neill contended that the act Applied as thn particular wlrs rnrrlo/l
power which operated the olectrlo
locomotives usod In hauling interstate
tralni and that the high tension wlro
on this anchor bridge was not guard-
od by ii screen, whtircas it wm on
other anchor bridges. Tho failure to
piard tho wlro, ha.BaM, couatltuted
■ "  • t.
LONDON, Juno lfl.—London is
soon to havo ono ot tho finest labor
temples In tho world. Plajts woro formally approved today for tho now
ccutval labor hall to bo erected hero
nt ft cost of nearly'$1,000,000, Tho
building will have uMcjh to iio used
as tho general headquarters of tho
various general labor bodies, and will
also contain n largo auditorium capable of Beating 4,000 persons. All
the Important conventions snd congresses of the United Kingdom wilt bo
bold at the new auditorium.
Election   For President, June 9th, 1913
Result of Votes Cast by Each Local
- „;
9Q «        '   , V    * > .    STUBBS   SMITH   SPOILT
29 Bankhead  u 9n7
481 Beaver Creek         ,'               q "' I
,431 Bellevue.,... .."Z^ZZY. 91 253    '        J
2163 Blairmore ■                  ! ■ 00 *.**
949 Burmis ;.,..            '• "x  t lf 2
2227 Carbondale   ;...... ZZZZZZZZZ. 45 93 3
1387 Canmore          ' 4, 9„.
2633 Coleman ;                   *J fit I
2877 Corbin    ..ZZZZZZZZZ. 10 lo n
1126 Chinook Mines                  -           2fi „q „
2178 Diamond City      "' '  32 A. X.
2314 Fernie                 "  AZ *J "
.1263 Frank  ZZ. -/-  36' 4*3 ".
2497 Homer zzzzzzzzzzz 43 i« i
1058 HiUcrest                      . « l!?
. 574 Lethbridge -.....'.'!!!!;.'!!;;;;;;;;;■;";;;• s, ll l
1189 Lethbridge Colleries  or oc n
2829 Maple Leaf       ,* -ft "
2"hhel ::::....:::;::::::::::::;:: •* £> ' l
352 Passburg          - * 15 77
2589 Royal View  , ""'.""'  '     -
102 Taberi "■..■.■;::.':■;:::■:::::::;::::. a 26 o
". We the Tellers appointed by tho Executive Board.to count the Ballots in the Elecl
tion for President beg to state that the above is a correct record as shown by the Ballots
received. v
-:.   '.,•"'. "   .. C J (Signed). B. LIVETT,       .     ;   .■■ -
Tl •     ' «     « JN0'   KENT»
Ferme, B. C, June 19,1913 ... j. Ai POSTER.
The report of the tellers for the election of District President will be presented
to the Executive Board, at a meeting on Monday next when J. E. Smith   will   bo
h,      installed and take over the duties of President.
Snow Slide Cases Decided
A. MacNell for tho Applicant; P. E.
Wilson and S. Horchmor for' tho
This caso wub heard last Friday
and Arbitrator Thompson gavo his
decision the following day in favor
of the dopondnnts. This moans that
dependents of the five mon who wero
killed ln tho disastrous slide at Coal
Crook on Doc. 30, 1012, will receive
compensation.-'*Tho namo of tho victims are as follows: Honry Noll, Jas,
Buckley, Thos. Catamart, It, Danlelo,
11. Maftlohuk.
In tho Ciilaliaw case written arguments lmvo boon submitted by conn-
sol aud the Judgo'B doolslon will lie
glvon ln duo course,
Tho doponilnntH will bo ontltlod
to tlio maximum undor tho act—viz.,
$1,500. It io, thought tho Coal Com-
pany will appeal against decision,
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company,
Arbitrator's Findings
ThiH Is an application under tho
wurKiu-uiiM compensation Act, mado
toy the aypllKillwi uu wliow ot UlUy
Mnftlchuk, who waa killed whilo
shoveling snow outsldo tho Carpenter
Shop on tho Company's promlsoR nt
Coal Crook, At tho honrlnff of tho
Arbitration I nave lnav« to thn no-
pllcant to include in his rcauost for
arbitration and particulars, a claim
on behalf of tho unborn child of tho
Tho following admissions nro mado
by the Respondents:
First—Sorvlco of Notice of Injury,
Second—Sorvlco of the Claim for
Third-Wit tho docftftsod was Mil-
od by necident.
Fourth—Thst the deceased was employed by tho company at tho timo of
his death.
Fifth—That the actident arose in
tho course of tho dwwmMVi .»mptor-
mont, bat not out of. the employmcnL
Tho questions that are left, and
which havo boen raised by tho responding counsel aro, first, tbat thoro
ls no proof that tho place whero tho
deceased was killod was "on, In, or
about" a mine. Second, that tho accident did hot ariso out of tho do-
cottBed'B employment, in that the risk
was not specially connected or Incidental to tlio (locoiisbd's employ.
mont. Third, flomo question has
arisen ob to tho dop'omloncy, In that
tho woman shortly lifter the docons-
od'a death,'harried another man, who
Is now supporting hor, nnd who Is
earning moro money tlmn tho deceased wiih at tho time of IiIb denth; and
In that thoro Ib a child or children
still unborn,
DonlliiB with tho first objection:
tho act appllod to employment on, In,
or nbout n, 111 Jno. A mino Ib defined
ns bolng ono to which tho Coal Minos
negnlatlon Act nppllos. In tho Coal
Minos liogulatlon Act, Soctlon 2 a
mino Includes, nmongflt other thlngH,
works in ana adjacent to and belonging to a coalmine, This enso soomH
to mo to bo much Rtrongor than Ellison vs. Longdon and son (•! W. C. C,
6fl) nnd in making, my final award I
would hold Hint thn nine* wWn tho
deceased wns working Is within tho
mudiiinK oi tiuuiiuu 2 of tho Coal
Mines Regulation Act, ami is a worn
belonging to a mino.
Donlliig with tho second objection,
It Is not necessary for mo to din-
P*nnn   nt   l,,rirr»Vi   11**,  .*!>}*).'??M!c;   cli'ilS
IL I havo already rovlowod them In
tho case of Culshaw vs. Crows Nest
Pass Coal Company, I,!mltod, In that
caHo tho rt«jc»Hod was' killed while
working In a placo whoro bhow slldoi
had not previously occiirrod.and whoro
fhfro wns no spnrlfil; dnngor from
snow slldea. Tlm snow slide had boon
occanlonort hv fxtrnonllnsry nnd nb.
normal conditions of weather, and I
h|^id that ho had not Incurred a risk
specially connected, or Incidental to
his employment, and that the ac
cldent thorcforo did not arlso out of,
hia tuDpIoywfc'iii. In this case thoro
[htitt ho«n anoi- "''"*''. a man. Iuul bi^u
killed by a snow illdo at this point,
and a cog was erected for tho purpoao
of diverting snow slides from tho
placo. Had tho cog not boon erected
thoro is no doubt but that a snow
slide would bo a risk incidental to
the docoasod's employment. Can I
hold that bocauso provontlvo moan-
ures woro taken which wore apparently sufficient for snow slides, that
had occurrod, and bocauso a larger
snow Hilda than usual occurrod,
ngaliiHt which tho provontlvo mens-
ures woro not aufflclout, that therefore tho risk that tho man ran from
snow slldos was not connected wither Incidental, to his employment? I
do not think I could; tho vory fnct
of provontlvo measures bolng taken
would In Itself «how that thoro was a
risk, and this fact, along with tho
evidence thnt snow hIIiIo'm had occurred nt thiH Bpot, would causo mo to
hold in making n finding, that tho nc
cldent arose not only In tho courso
of, hut also out of, tho man's employment.
Ab to tho third <|iinst|on of dopond-
oncy. Thoro Is no doubt but that tho
applicant was at tho time of hor
hUHband'B death dependent upon him,
and thoro Is no doubt but that a Hilld
uu ventre »a moro Is a dependent,
(Wlllbwii va, Qcvm <:*i,\l Co. Ud.) I
would hold In making a final award
thnt notwithstanding the suhs-oqnent
change In tho flnnnclfil condition of
tho widow, thoro was still a total
dependency nt tho timo of ♦v.> <!e
coasod'a death whon tho claim arose,
uni|I that this total dopondoticy could
not bo altered by tho subsonuont
change In her financial condition, and
that thoro was total dependency of
tho wlfo nnd tlio unborn child or children, Tho Question nf nfiporflnnnionf
may bo brought up later.
I will grant n sfntml mho mi nn.y
or all of the above ijut-stinriB to tho
Itospondonls If they so doslro. Othor-
wlso nn application may be made beforo nto on motion for a final nn.*.r<I
and an apportionment of tlie momya.
Dated Juno 13, 1913.
United Mine Workers
Appear and Give Bond
For   Their   Appearance    In   Federal
Court for Their Trial November
18—Charge Violating Anti-
Trust  Law.
With the exception of President
John P. White, who will appear Monday, and Charles Batleyf Rome Mitchell, George Edmunds and John
Nutter who will appear later the officials of the United Mine Workers
.against wihom Indictments were returned by the federal grand jury on
a charge of violating the Sherman
Anti-Trust Law,, appeared In federal
court Saturday morning and gave
bond for their appearance at trial set
for November 18. The representatives of the United Mine Workers who
appeared ini court were Thomas Hag-
gerty, James M. Craigo, Clarence C.
Griffith, James Dlanat Marco Roma,
Benjamin F. M orris, Thomas Cairns,
W. B. Reese, Frank J. Hayes, Joseph
Vasey, James Cantrell( F. B. Stanley,
U. S. Cantley and A.' D. Lavender.
They demurred to the indictment and
gave bond of $1,000 each, with J. N.
Carnes, cashier of the Citizens National Bank, as surety. The United
Mine Workers were . represented by
James A. Devitt, a well known attorney from Oskaloosa) la., who -came to
Charleston to look after the indictments made against, the officials.
"Ridiculous," Says Officials
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., June 17.—"It
ls ridiculous."
Thus Edwin Perry, secretary and
treasurer of the United Mine Workers
of America, expressed himself when
informed of the indictments returned
against the mine workers in Charleston, W. Va.
"We never conspired in any way
against the West Virginia operators
and have only tried to see that the
miners there received fair compensation for their work,
"In the matter of wages, we were
willing alwayB to leave it to disinterested parties and were ready to make
a reduction in the scale if facts warranted."
,'The West Virginia operators always have fought our attempts to unionize the mines and we felt that under these conditions it was impossible
for men to receive just wages."
NEW YORK, June 15—Thirteen
workmen on the new Lexington avenue subway were burled under tons of
rock and dirt, by a cavein yesterday.
A blast of dynaminte was let go and
immediately afterward a large section
of the excavation came down on the
workmen. Five hundred men were
put to work within a short time trying to get out the victims.
Three additional bodies were recovered today, making a total of nine
known victims, with the possibility
that still another may be burled beneath the fallen rock. Two men dug
out of the debris were alive but terribly mangled and may die. All the
bodies recovered have been identified.
Of 3,000 Workers Only About 500 Are
Still Out In Twelve Shops—Union
Now 4,000
BUFFALO, June 16.—The strike'of
the machinists of this city Ib being
won by the workers.
At the meeting of the strike about
3,000 men were out, including practically every shop in tho city. At
present not more than 500 men are on
strike, which includes about twelve
AU the men that havo returned to
work havo succeeded in obtaining
satisfactory agreements with tho proprietors, and it ls believed that by
the ond of this woek tho balance of
the men will succeod In their efforts
to win their demands.
Tho strike of tho Machinists' Union
haa 1)0011 n quick, hnrd-fought battle,
which tied up this branch so completely that tho shop ownors woro wlso
enough to seo It would soon ond ln
a victory for the mon, bo thoy lost no
timo in trying to moot tlio demands.
A groat deal of tho credit of the
Btrlko ls duo to Joseph Sonnnbcnd, tho
business agent of tho union, who hns
boon tireless in his efforts, Sonna-
bond Ih classed ns ono of tho radi*
cals, nnd It Ib duo principally to tha
fact that ho hi that tho Htrlko has
boon ho succoBfully.
Ab a result of tho Btrlko, tho Machinists' Union has InnroaHod Ub membership In thlB city to ovor -1,000, with
mon coming in ovory day,
SCHENECTADY, N. Y., June 12.—
It is now pretty well established that
the rumors and reports in the local
■and. .gpntfral press which predicted a
strike of almost 20,000 employes or
the General Electric Company for last
Monday, were unfounded.
The fact of the mattor is that the
men and women employed by the.
General Electric demand a shorter
work week, ahd they are organizing
thoroughly and rapidly to back up
this demand. Tho work of organization ls being carried on under tho
supervision of the national and international hoads of several A. F. of
L, unions, now in this city,
Not only nro tho male employes of
tho Gonernl Elecrtlc flowing into tho
ranks of tho imlonH, hut the women
aro nlso joining In largo numbers, In
fact, their Interest In unionism is unprecedented in tho history of this
part of tho Stato. Within tho last fow
weeks, no loss tlmn 1,200 women and
girls have been organized. Tho unions
havo boon fairly flooded with applications, and in tho event of a strike a
comploto paralysis of tho varloufl
plants of tho Gonornl Electric would
Tho demand of tho 20,000 General
Electric omployoH Is a forty-eight- ■
hour work woek, and the quickest
way to avchlovo this ond Is what l»
agitating tho city, Tho atmoBphero
Is surcharged'with tonsonoBB nnd tho
posalblo Htrlko Ih thn big topic of conversation.
Two Serious Accidents
at Coal Creek
'Accidents at Conl Crook hcojij vory
much llko' flros—opIdoinlcnl-^-nnil wo
hnvo to record nnolho rnorloiiB mishap which oemirrod 'shortly boforo
noon TliurHflny to-Ernest Porter, tun*
ploynd In No, WW Mine, who Iuul Uio
'misfortune to bo caught botwoon
ciirB and n doorway, receiving InjiirloH
to both hips nml tho Imvpr parts of
his body. A upoclal train brought tho
Injured man to Fornle, Upon !i>'iulry
at tho .hospital wo woro Informed
that ho was' progroBHlng favorably,
J. Wolr, a ropo-rldor, oniployoil Jn
No. 1 East, (who Injury wo r«|iortnd
last wook) has had to have ht« log
f.rn-n.lffl't**"-1    9„    (1,,*    ;*..,;;;;;     v<>»    ,4    . „,,,.
pound fracture, ntullf reported in be
doing-ns woll ns can bo nxpnclod.
Uudly Michel rendered first aid.
EDMONTON,*,Juno lfl.—Only farmers and producers will bo admitted to
tho civic mnrkflt flhortly to bo entail-
llHhod In Edmonton, The market
commission and tho council are
agreed on a policy of ellmlnntlnng tlio
middle man nB fnr nn nnn-ilhln. ftonn-*
thing now In murkou Ih ulna to tin
worked out. This will he tho fHtab-
llshmont of a civic commiisidon agency,
Farmers who aro unable to attend
tho market tbem*olvc« will he able
to sond thoir proiluco to tho market
consigned to tho elty'ft agent, who will
*<?H tbo produce on a commission
basis. In onli»i» fo (■nko mt of thl"
nhlo of tho business'thoroughly, wild
storage facilities will ho provided.
Grand Jury  Report*  "No  Evidence"
In    Jury    Bribe    Matter — Case
Against Atteaux Nol Proned
HOSTCJN, Juno HV-The final nhnii-
ter in thii trial ol William M. Wood,
nillllnnnti-o i.r.,; ;,; ' U<ii AiuifriCHIl
Woolen Cnmj*.<!..", :m:J IAx ..MuutctiU-
antH for alleged * oiHi-lrary to plant
dynamlto to discredit tho Lnwmjco
stiikorH, was rinsed today when the
grand jury roportod thnt In Hu In-
v**-»Htl|i';ir|on Info »♦... • '** (> ,.j „„,,t»v.,t,
to brlbo .Morris Hhiiiimii, ft juror, with
"a life Job with tho American Woalou
Company," no ovldrmce ntifflcloiit to
bring Indictment!! wiui found, Tnken
,'H f< whole, tho cvidewo was unreliable and conflicting," according to
tho Grand Jury's flmlfnpN,
District Attorney Polletlor wound
up the entire ftim Mh'Ti hu uoi
proved the ciiKo tigainst Frederick E.
Attoaux'nnd placed tho caso ngalnnt
Dennis* J, Collins on file. Hoth woro
tried jointly with Wood,
Polletlor  explained   that after tint
careful trial o   verdict   against   At-
icaiw,  lu  win**** eitoo th* Jury dls-
agro«t», could not bo expected,   Col*'
llns"wn» found guilty In two counts. PAGE TWO
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
1 have In my possession a prescription
for nervous debility, lack of vigor,
weakened manhood, falling memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatunil drains, or the follies of
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men right ln their own
homes—without .any additional,help or
medicine—that rthlnk ovary .nan who
Wishes to regain his manly power snd
virility, quickly and quietly, should
have a copy. So I have determined to
send a copy. So I have determined to
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write me for
This prescription comos from a physician who has made a special study ot
men and I am convinced It Is tho fur-
est-actins combination for th.j euro of
deficient manhood and vigor fallt^re
ever put together.
I think 1 owe It to my fellow man to
send them a copy ln confidence so that
any man anywhere who ls weak and
discouraged with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure wliat I
believe Is the quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy ever devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a line like this: Dr. A. E. Robinson, 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mich.,
and I will send you a copy of this
splendid recipe In a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge, A great many
doctors would chargo {3.00 to $5.00 for
merel> writing out a prescription like
this—but I send it entirely free.
AUbutina it easily applied.    All
you need to help
you it cold water
and a fiat   brush.
Alabastine   'walla
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and -
beautiful. It will
not soften on the
wall like kalso-
mine. Because
it it a cement, it
age, become
part of the wall j
itself.and last
for many
Convention Call Alberta
Federation of Labor
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  in  such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork,. Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Galpry Cattle Co.
Phone 56
An Alabastine wall can
be re-coated without removing the old coat.     Alabastine
walls are the moit sanitary. They
are hygenic  No insect or disease |
germ can live in an Alabaitine wall.
Alabastine one room, and you'll
want  them all  Alabastined.
Churchy Cold Water
Dropin and let ue show you beautiful samples of Alabastine work.
',Let us show how to get beautiful
Alabastine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can accomplish any desired
color scheme—you can
make  your home
charming   at  a
moderate cost
Hardware - Furniture
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
Thomson &z Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie, B. C.
Local Agents
Orders taken tihroufifhout the Pass
To the Officers and Members of Central Bodies, District Boards,
Trades Council, Allied Councils, United Farmers of Alberta, and the
Local Trade arid Labor Unions of the Province of Alberta.
Fellow Workers and Brothers:
The First Annual Convention of the Alberta Federation of Labor
will convene in the City of Medicine Hat, at 10 a. m., on the Second
Friday of July next, and will continue in session until the business
of the convention Is completed. The .Convention held in Lethbridge
one year ago, and which formed the Alberta Federation of Xabor,
chose Medicine Hat. as the place lor the first annual convention to
be held, and the labor men of that progressive clty^are anxious that as
large a delegation as. possible attend the convention in order that
numbers may add force to the!importance of the business in hand.
The past year has witnessed many important changes ahd movements in this province affecting the interests of the workers The'
Federation has been endeavoring to perfect its organization and secure the affiliation of all unions in the province and at the same time
watch tho legislative Interests of the workers before the Provinnclal
4 Legislature. Much has already been accomplished In the way qf
new and, amended legislation, and much still remains to.be accomplished. The opponnents of Labor and "advanced labor measures
are by no means inactive, and It is most vital to the welfare of the
workers of thlB province that we press forward with the work in
hand and also seek new ways to strengthen, our position, both in- ':
dustrlally ancl politically. Amaug other matters Avhich "require immediate attention are the following:
1.—Workmen's Compensation Act.—Whether or not It would not
bo better to repeal the present act and substitute therefor an Act
based'on the Compensation Act of Uie State of Washington.
2.—Masters and Servants Act--In connection with thia act, we
need some amendments that will render easy the means by which
wages can be collected when they are due.
* 3.—Matters of Immigration and the wholesale Importation of la-'
borers into this province.
4.—Limitation of hours of employment.
5.—Laws relating to -dangei/jus machinery and employments.
G.—Poll  taxes  and  municipal   and provincial election laws.
7.—Matters of public healths and sanitation and  , ventilation    of
' workshops.
* 8.—Co-operation between the farmers and wage-earners. "    '
9.—Universal eight-hour law and' minimum wage for industrial
workers on local conditions. . " ,
Laws which affect the most vital interests of the workers are
provincial enactments and it is by carefully watching and advancing
„the interests of the workers of this province. that the best results
can.be looked for. Concessions which it was almost impossible .to
wrest .from employers by'means of strikes can be obtained by legal
enactment through the Federation and every organized body of workers in the province should take an.active Interest in this work! The
Alberta Federation convention' is the provincial parliament of Labor.
See to it that your voice is heard in its' councils.
Send your most experienced and dependable men to the convention
. and proceed to elect them at ONCE. If. you. neglect to do so, don't
complain if your particular interests are overlooked or neglected. Any
union man can mov-e^a motion to instruct )iis delegates on any particular subject so that the convention should be truly representative of the organized workers of the province	
To affiliate with the "Federation all a local union has to do is send
in per capita of twelve cents per member which pays dues for a half
year term, and, the basis ot representation "at convention is as follows:
Each labor union shall be entitled to.'two. delegate's for the first
hundred members or less, and one delegate for each additional hundred members or majority fraction thereof.
Central Labor Bodies, District Boards, Building Trades Councils,'
United Farmers of Alberta, and similar .bodies shall be entitled to
two delegates each. Delegates from Central Bodies, must be members
of Union affiliated with the Federation, and ' credentials from such
bodies shall be attested to by the officers of the Local Unions of
which the delegate is a member.
. ^   ?•—jrraterhaiIy"yours;      ir~~-
■;' JOHN O.  JONES, President
% < LEO. T. ENGLISH, Secretary"
Arrangements' on the Standard Certificate plan have been made
with '..io IVstrict Passen^:' Agent of the Caj.:td:a.i Pacific Railway,
whereby delegates to convention may obtain reduced fare*,.
Each delegate, is requested to ask the agent from whom he purchases his ticket for a Standard Certificate and to ' purchase first-
clasB passage one way only. These certiflcttes must, be present to
Secretary at Convention when reduced fares will be obtained In proportion  to  the  number  of delegates attending convention.
2nd Annual Convention
of the Rocky Mountain
Association U.M. W.A.
Bellevue Hotel
Boat Accommodation In the Pass.—
Up-to-Dnte — Every Convenience.—
Excellent Cuisine.
J. A. OALLAIM, Prop.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subierlbtd ,.
Reserve Fund	
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up ,,.,       8,770,000
6,770,000      Total Allots ,,,,.,,,     72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON, ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlcu-Prei.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie* Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nation,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on depoilta at current rate from date of depoalt.
1 JtlJi vxjlIiI i\UlAJM   J5A.nl J\
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST, $12,500,000
..» ;'     .*   • ■   *        *■*   > „
Issued by Tha Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a sale, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting' small rams of money. These Orders,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) nnd in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the folio wing rates s
$0 nud under................,.ii.,.,..   Scents
Over   ft end not exceeding $10   O   "
••    10     •' ■« SO ....,10 ■'"
" 30   •«        »       no i»  «
■hmM h* m*i» bf means of ear SPECIAL PORSION DRJU»TS a*A MONttY
OKDVSttL  tmtui without d*iaj it rvisoneMt mm   "
L A. 0. DA6K, Msnsair.FBRNlE BRANCH
Tho second convention to the above
organization was convened in tho
city of Groat Falls, Montana, on Tuesday, Juno 3rd, 1913, at 10 a.m., with
Prosldont Drennan In tho chair. The
following delegates wero prosont: Representing Dist, 22, U. M. \y. of A.,
Wyoming, James Green, John II.
.Tonos, George A. Brown, A, G. Morgan.* '.■'■' 7 x
District 2.7.' U. M. W. of A.,.Montana: Honry ; Dronntin, president,
Thomas Murray, Adam Wilkinson,
Robert Condon.
District 18, U M. W, of A„ Eastern,
I), 0. and Alhorta: .1. O. Jonos, David
Reoa.' .*  ' ..'.'
District No.,, 15, U. M. W. „of A.,
Colorado, Utah and Now Mexico, J.
District N, 10, U. M, W, ot A„ Washington: Androw Hnyton, Martin J.
Plyzlki Robert ll. Hnrlin, secretary.
Tho Rocky Mountain Association of
Coal Minors wns orgnnlnod a yoar ago
In nutto, Montana; Ub purpose being to comont togothor tho dlfforont
brnnchoH of tho Unltod Mino Workors
In tho Pacific North wont, to tho ond
that nil rjuoBtlons affecting,thoi.raln<
Ing Industry of that territory could bo
dbalt with by tho arflllatod districts
collectively, nnd not ftB heretofore,
Unanimity of action on ail qnos-
tions, and tho abolition of Individual
wago contracts oxplrltm nt dlfforont
tlmoB, wero tho chief matters for
Tho following declaration of principles was adoptod at tUollutto con-
vontltin, and roadoptod at thn last
convontl6n nt Great Falls.
"The Rocky Mountain Association of
the United "Mine 'Wt-rUcr* cf
"The purposes of this orRanhntlon
will bo to comont together tho vnrlous
branches of tho Unltod Mino Work-
"." cf Arttt-rlfti. rr,rt\orlt*\ntt nt pros-cnf
tho states of Colorado. Montana,
Washington,' Wyoming, Vancouver Island and Western Canada, and such
othor territory that may he regarded
In tho nocky Mountain and Coast region.
"Th« most Important thing this
organisation will persistently and Insistently advocate will be the negotiating of wago agreements, covering
wages, hours of labor and working
conditions, at one snd the same time
by all the coa!-prodnctln«r nltitoa bo-
longlnff to this organisation,
"The business of coal mining Is
hftrarrfftii* I" the oxtramt* owlna to
natural conditions, Added to this- Is
a condition In tho Industry that hss
compelled  lack of attention  to  life
Tho mine workors of the country
feol that tho public are growing conscious of this condition and while we
hereby declare our hearty npprovul,
assistance and aggressive, support to
secure better .conditions In the business of coal mining, wo ut present
pledgo the utmost efforts of this,organization to bring Into being proper
laws guaranteeing to every man who
enters or works aroYincl coal rnlnos ■ an
ample compensation for Injuries received.
"To tho fulfillment of tho foregoing
tho unltod ofrortB of tho coal minors
of tho 'Western country will bo centered and to tho extent that tho united efforts of moil can bo utilized the
aim of thlb organization will bo to
care for the 1 ntorosts of Its mombors
In umannor that will make thoir lot
In Hfo mopo agreeable and help
thorn achlovo tho things that belong
to mankind.
"Our belief is that tho best in
mankind will ' prevail, To tho on'-
cburagemont of tho best wo plodgo
our ovory effort. To tho mino workers ot this country wo offer a.penca-
ablo, Intelligent menns to uocuro
tills. United, Intelligent effort will
mnko our membership progressive,
reasoning mon, anil with tlio opportunity offered through this organizations the problems'that confront
mon who work will bo workod out
with Intelligence, •*
"An organization that can adequately care for the Interests of our
membership Is the doslro that
prompts this amalgamation."
Many matters of interest to the coal
miii*.!-* ol iliu .Yorilnu'tft ,m-titii, tltt&U
with by the convention, and special
emphasis was laid on tho necessity of
the organization assisting In tho work
of organizing tho non-union flolds of
Oolnrndn. Htnh nnd Now Mwxlco,
Tlio National organisation Is now
engaged In a ffampnlgn of organization In theso flolds, and a plan was
adoptod whoroby the dlfforont districts affiliated with tho Association
could assist to tho extent ot thoir
moans In this work.
Tho following resolution was unanimously adopted by the Convention:
Whereas, thero has boon a strlko In
the Northern Colorado Coal fields,
which hns contnmit to thn present
time, from April 1st. I»t0, and, because of m* fact, the Interests of or-
nanlzed lnbor In the surrounding districts of Wyoming, Montana, Wash-
Ington   nnd   British   Columbia   and
Vancouver Island, in .the north and
northwest, and of Missouri, Kansas,
Oklahoma   and   Texas - on   the east
and southeast, are placed in jeopardy
by this condition '■
Resolved, that the Second Annual
Convention of  the  Rocky  Mountain
Association of the1 U. M.• W. 'of, A.
go on record as favoring and earnestly urging every,, effort being put
forth within the power bf the International , Organization to    not    only
carry on, the -strike to a successful
conclusion, ,but    to    organize every
mine worker within the jurisdiction
of District  15,  which  comprises the
states of Colorado, New Mexico and
Utah.   Realizing, as we do this step
is necessary to perfect our organization,* in the Rocky Mountain Districts,
we pledge ourselves to,do all in our
power morally and-financialy to arrive at this much to be desired end.
As we believe   that the time is now
ripe for commencing a vigorous and
active campaign.
We desire to express our appreciation and admiration for the men and
women in  the strike  district,    who
have so bravely and loyally faced all
discomforts  and  privations  of a la-
bor war for the sake of a principle
and have remained true0to themselves
and our organization in the face of
the relentless persecution meted out
to them by the coal barons who are
organized for the purpose of crushing all forms of organized labor in
the state of Colorado.
Be it further resolved,    tbat    the
secretary be instructed to send copies
of this. resolution td the International Officers and to the Secretaries of
all affected districts.
Signed by Policy Committee:
Robert H. Harlin,   , -
A. G., Morgann,
.  O. Rees.
The national organization was commended for    their    action in trying
to/establish the union on Vancouver
Island, and the importance of succeeding in this campaign was made manifest by ' the    Washington delegation,
who pointed to the fact that Vancouver Island coal was the nearest competitor  to   the  Washington  product,
and with the wage scale on the Island
considerably  lower than    in    Washington and with a bettor grade of coal
to put on the market, it was absolutely necessan', that' the Island be organized, if the movement in the districts affiliated with the association
and particularly Washington,  was to
meet with thatTneasure of success in
the future that'was hoped for.
The following resolution on the Vancouver  Island   situation   was  adopted:
"Whereas the miners of Vancouver
Island have been on strike for almost
a year and have, waged a magnificent
fight for the right' to  organize  and
achieve for themselves proper working conditions and wages, therefore
be it
Resolved, that the Rocky Mountain
which includes ' Colorado,    Montana,
Western   Canada,  Vancouver  Island,
■Washington   and   Wyoming;— heartily
approve the attitude of our organization in supporting this strike and urge
thel active  continuance of the  same
until the desired result is -achieved,
namely;    Complete Organization."
R. H. Harlin,
A. G. Morgan,
D, Rees, Committee,
Action was taken to have a committee
ask the co-operation of the National
Executive Board in an endeavor to
have the operators of Montana, Wyoming and Washington meet tho minors ln joint lnter-dlstrlct conference
In 1914 when the respective agreements of theso districts expire,
The meeting of the association will
bo held in Seattle, Washington, on
May ,4th, 1014.
The following officers wero elected for the ensuing yoar:
President, Henry Drennan, Billings,
Vlcc-Prosldent, J. McLennan, Denver, Colorado.  ■
Secretary, Robert H, Harlin, Seat-
tie, Wash.
Thero are uuwnrd of 150,000 mon employed in tho coal mining Industry of
tho Pacific Northwest, distributed ns
follows: , „ '
Wyoming, District 22 .......,., 8,000
Montana, District 27 ,,.',,.'..,'. 3,800s
Washington, District 10 ....... 5,500
Eastern B, C. and
Alberta, District 18  5,500
Colorado, Utah and
Now Moxieo,   District IR ....23,000
Vancouver Island, District 28.. 3,500
Edmonton Field, Alberta
(unorganized)  2,000
An Afifirecia-   /
ttve Editorial
Some' weeks ago the plant of the
Elmira Telegram was destroyed by
fire.* Elmira Typographical Union No.
19 extended the aid customary" in-
catastfrophies. Iii fhe issue of the
Telegram of Sunday, May 18, the
president of the publishing company
H. S.. Brooks, ".thus.. extends his appreciation of the union's attitude:
. "Now that the Telegram is fairly,
oh its typographical feet again, but
still depending upon the courtesy of
our obliging neighbors—the, Star-Gazette—for our press work, I. want to
thank two or , three unions—particularly Typographical." Union No. 19, of
Elmira, N. Y.
"The Telegram has always been a
union paper-—from start to finish—
from 1879 to 1913—-a record that the
writer is proud of, and, I'll guarantee,
the typographical union is equally
proud of.
"Its owner—the writer—was what
they called—away, back in the late
•Go's—a "common printer."
Some called me an "uncommon one"
—whether the fact that I was full of
juvenile mischief, or full of juvenile
ambition—history  must  decide.
"At any rate I finished my apprenticeship, joined Typographical, Union
No. 19, and remained a member of the
same until I started the Telegram.
"At that point in my somewhat
youthful career, some set of "wise
guys' legislated "owners" out of the
"That's where No. 19 made the'niis-
take of its.-life.
"A mah who,-.*as a boy, had worked
hard for four years at starvation
wages, would very naturally -have
more consideration and sympathy for
the craft than some "capitalist"—who
purchased a paper and published the
same for political purposes.
."But—out I -went.
;"Let me go right on record—as between man and man, owners and employers—I don't care whether it is a
PaintShop or a pump station, the closer employes and employers elbow together through life the better both of
them get along. _   '
"But, getting right down to1 brass
tacks, I take my hat off to Typographical Union 19 for its many concessions to the Telegram from the
date of the fire to May 1—when regular schedules were resumed.
"IFor such kindly. consideration—
under very distressing conditions—
the Telegram is grateful. If more
unions would show a decent regard for
their "bosses" in times of trouble,
there would be less friction between
both parties.
"Treat your employes right during
prosperity.    Then,    when    adversity
overtakes   you", they will-treat you
"Take that from me—employe and
Capital Paid Up
-   $3,000,000.
Reserve   .
Total Assets
Over   '
The Saving Habit
TIT ANY people who are
earning less than you,
and whose necessary expenses exceed yours, have
been saving for years and
now have snug and comfortable bank -accounts.
Systematic saving was the
foundation of many a
large fortune.
It is a habit that is
easily acquired, affording
more satisfaction and offering larger rewards than
any other habit that you
could form.
You can open an account in this bank with
one dollar, and every six
months your savings will
be credited with the highest current interest.
Manager,   Fernie   Branch
"That's the proper American.spirit,'
the spirit that ke"eps the wheels "going -round."—Typographical Journal.
Tho Importance of a solid organization of this groat body of minors
was novor so groat as now, nH with
tho flood tide of Kuroponn Immigration swooping to tho Paclflo North-
west, through tho Panama Canal, will
como tho competition of mon usod to
a lower standard of living nnd ready
to work for loss wagos, nndlt doos
not nood a man ot vory koon perception to roallzo that tho only bulk-
wark. botwoon tho tollors, whothor
of mine, mills, factory, or flold ns the
minimum of wagos, basod on tho low-
est flguro that will proviso tho moan-
ost sustenance, Is the bulkward eroded by organlzod labor,
)Voakon that over so much and
wages will drop automatically! destroy It and wages and conditions of
Hhn "Mil reach the bej rock, (Jc
RPlto tbo Mint "of nil thn cbnap onp-
Itnlist moralists who oppose organization among working men and condone It among professional and business mon, i
With tho knowledge of tho Import-
lUkCM itt ikuoiuM£ U>lS 'iiOt'*, Oi Ot^AlWuX-
tion and solidifying tho forces of labor now when the time Is opportune,
and pledged to do all In their power to
carry Into offect tho policies of the
Association, tho delegates adjourned to their respective homes aftor ono
day's session,
noniariT h. harlin,
Secretary Rocky Mountain Association. U. M.. W. A,
Receive The Ledger don't blsme us.
Watch the date ef the explratlen ef
your subscription which Is printed en
the ssms tsbel containing your address.
SPOKANE, June 19.—An effective
bar against further shipping of southern European laborers Into Canada
from Spokane for railroad and other
construction has been raised by tho
Canadian Immigration authorities.   ■
Spokane has been the principle
source of supply for tho labor demanded by the Western Canada railroad
builders. Recently all apparent conflict between Spokane city ordinance
and Canadian laws In regard to ship-
ping laborers under contract appeared and a conference was called.
City Labor Agent J.. Theo Pierce
has received a ruling from tho heads
ot tho Canadian. Immigration servlco
that horoaftor no Italian, Russian,
Greek, Polish, Austrian, Bulgariann or
Montenegrin laborers will bo admitted into Canada tram Spokane or oth-
or points in WuB'hlngton unless thoy
come directly from tho old country
and nro destined to points In Canada
without delay. Notico of tho ruling
has boon sont to all employment offices shipping labor Into Albortn,
British Columbia and othor provinces,
Laborer's from countries ln Europo
othor than tlTSk'o listed or from.any
British possession,1 It ls hold, will bo
admlltod, provided thoy'aro in good
health, aro hoadod toward definite
employment, havo prepaid transportation nnd aro not of Aslatlo origin,
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for 8sle.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
JK.dO/C •
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire' Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
mm***mtm***mmmmm**m**timmm*i0m*mmmmmmtm*m tMMMMNMiMMHMki^MMMiiWMiBMMMa
Wo will furnish yonrlmnso from coNar to gnrrot
mid at bottom prices. Call, Write, Phono or
Wire    All   orders given   prompt attention.
Coleman,        -       Alta.
If you arc satisfied tell others.   It not satisfied tell us. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.    B. C, JUNE 21, 1913
si  t
How   About   Your
\Noted doctors have said th'at housework is the .best form pt physical
exercise for women—ior it not only
The  healthy   woman' ENJOYS  her
housework—she 'takes pleasure in keeping things spick and spaai—and' it costs
her practically no effort to do so—fce-
' cause sfhe" is HEALTH'S".
Are you healthy? Do you find your
housework" pleasant and invigorating?
Or d*o you dread it ibeoause you don't
".feel "just right"? That,"don't feel
just -right"" sensation may .NOT be
worth' seeing a- doctor about—tout it ds
'a pretty certain indication ^that you
are suffering 'from Indigestion,' Constipation, Biliousness or. Dyspepsia.
Next time you don't tfeel "just right"
just try 15 drops of Mother Seigel's
Curative Syrup. You'll get relief—
England has TESTED and PROVEN,
for over 40 years, its worth. There it
ls recCgrnized as a standard remedy.
It is almost purely h-artml—Nature's
own remedy for disordered stomach.
Price $1.00.   Trial size 50c.
You can iget Mother Seigers Curative Syrup at      '
i ' , fernie, a c.
Fighting Officers Sent to °Arrest Her
In Oregon Mountains
PENDLETON, Ore., June 17.—A
woman outlaw, according to charges of
the authorities, armed with a gun, of
which she is a perfect master, and
possessing daring that has caused
great portions of Umatilla-and-Grant
counties to marvel, is defying, deputy sheriffs in,,the mountains near
Upper Willow Creek, in Murray county.      -
The, woman—her age is 20 years-
Is Julia Walker, a quarter breed Indian, and daughter of Bill Walker,
a white rancher, residing near the
Umatilla-Grant county line.
Julia is wanted to answer the
charges of stealing horses. She and
her companion, S. W. Jordan, were
arrested Tuesday, the girl making' a
spectacular escape from the officers
by suddenly wheeling her fleet-footed
horse and dashing into the hills amid
a fusillade of shots from the guns of
her captors. It is said the officers
have her surrounded.
Great Northern
Train arrives Fernie from South al 9.30 a.m.
Leaves Fernie for South at 12.43 p.m.
Daily except Sunday
Sharp connection at Rexford for passengers and express from Western points, and
connection with G.N. fast mail and express
from east.
Latest equipment and best service for
Eastern   and   Western   points. **,    .
PHONE 161.
BOX 305.
Bow Legs are
Those affected with bow
legs should wear the the Perfect Leg Form, easily put on
and adjustable; last a life time
Clothes Cleaners, Fernie. B. C.
Waldorf Hotel
Mrs S„ JENNINGS, Proprietress. L. A. MILLS, Manager
Special Rates to Theatrical
woro the FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because thoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thom all tho time at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
Federal Investigators
See Mining Conditions
Senatorial Committee, Accompanied by Miners and Operators, Spend Day
ax-       on Cabin and Paint Creeks
8AM GRAHAM, Manaaer
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi
nessand Residential property
The subcommittee of the United
States senate committee on education
and labor, sent tc West Virginia to
investigate the conditions which have
combined to make' the state the most
observed and the least envied of all
the states of the union at this time—
the members of that sub-committee
believe 'that all play and no ..work
makes Jack a a dull senator. Hence
they put in 15 hours of the hardest
kind of work yesterday, going at it at
9 o'clock In the morning and winding
up the day a few minutes before midnight. First, they heard a witnesB
in the assembly room of the Kanawha
hotel;, then they boarded a special
train and went to the military zone,
Liaveised Cabin Creek to llayfoid.
returned to Cabin Creek Junction,
stopping at various points en route;
then they went up Paint Creek to
Keeferton and above, and stopped on
the return trip at several, of tha
mining camps on that double stream,
returning thence at 9:30 o'clock to
Charleston—having covered all of the
territory embraced ln the coal strike
district, and haying talked with many
of those, who are most seriously affected by the conditions there.
The Visitors
The .party that left over the Chesapeake & Ohio at 10:30 o'clock was
composed as follows:
Senator Swanson, ^chairman of the
committee, Senators Borah, Kenyon
and Shields; .the official stenographers of the committees; Frank J.
Hayes, national vice president of the
United Mine Workers; Ed Wallace,
editor of the Mine Workers' Journal;
William Greene, international statistician of the United Mine Workers;
Paul Paulsen, William Diamond,
Adolph Germer, national organizers
of that organization; Frank S. Mon-
nett, counsel for*the miners; Ames T.
and M. F. Dameron, a committee it
miners from .the Paint and Cabin
creek coal fields; Charles Cabell, Ira
Davis, J. A. Pierce, Quinn Morton
and W. S. Wood, of the coal companies having mines in the strike district; B.. W. Knight, Malcolm Jackson and Z. T. .Vinson, of their counsel;   A.  A. Lilly,  attorney general;
Major James I.  Pratt,  o£ the  state
militia;  Bonner Hill, sheriff of Kanawha county;    Luther   L. Scherer,
general   claim  agent  of  the  Chesapeake— &—Ohio-railway.—with—b—Iar
Hammrick, his secietaiy; B. L. Bock,
trainmaster of    the    Chesapeake  *&
Ohio;   E.   R.   Sartwell,   representing
the Associated Press, John Nevin, of
the United Press; H. E. C. Bryant, of
the New York Herald; Alfred Segel,
ot the Cincinnati Post; Carl F. Young,
newspaper staff, writer;    W.    Bruce
Reid, of the Charleston Gazette;  E.
L. Engdahl and Sigurd Russell, of the
Socialist press;  Frank M. Hlnkle of
the Kanawha Citizen. _    •
Man-Killing Equipment
At Kayford the    senators   visited
tho coal company's store and offices,
nnd the homes of somo of the miners.
They Inspected the coal sheets kept
by the   company.     They   saw   tho
"scrip," of which the miners at most
of the workings complain that they
havo to  use a large  amount each
month or Iobo their jobs.   They got
the prices  of commodities  sold  to
employes.    Thoy saw tho sheet-Iron
"fort" surmounting n high building
and in which a machine gun wna
maintained by the conl company—
and above it the huge soarchllght to
onnblo, tho opopator to move down
tlio "enemy," if need he, nt night as
woll as In the daytime.
Disgraceful Conditions
At Acme the party got out *aml
repeated the round taken at Kayford. Tho condition of tho mino
shacks rontod by tho coal companies
to tho miners Is gonorally regardod
ob ,n dlRgrnco to tlio stato, and mon
who have mado a study of labor con<
dltlons sny thoy nro tho worst to ho
found In nny mining town In tho
country. Tho committeemen mado no
cnmmnt, hut tho conditions nt Acmo
spoko for thomsolvoB.
Leaving Acmo tho party enmo hack
to Loowood, whoro tho train haltod
to allow observation of another "fort"
of tho kind soon at Acmo. Ovor It
floated au Amorlcan flag—omblom of
liberty tho world ovor, What orlmon
had boon commlttood In "Its namo It
did not toll.
Huddled In Tcntt "
At Nfllulnlo tlio senators vlsltiid
tho minors' houses, and tho touts oc-
cnplod by thn formor ntrlkorn whom
tho companies havo refused to tako
back umlor tho Bottlomont brought
about by Govornor Hatflold.   This
Is a feature of tho Cabin creek situation * thnt has boon bitterly complained of hy tho hilnors.   Its exist-
onco has   boon   questioned,, hut   tp
thoso who saw'thb womon nnd children hmliliod In tho tents whilo tho
hushnnds    nnd    fnMwr«   minnH«ntprt
for omploymont there is -no lonwr |m™ arovfrn°
ilouiit, Unit things In that soctlon aro *"'" Ul l,i,J'
still far from what they ought to bo.
At this place Senator Martlne got
a comparison of "company prlcos"
with "outside prlcos"—tho prices tho
wv**i! couii.-j.ibkA -v'u&sau iim if feiripuiyttjft
as compared with those charged at
Indopondoht stores.   A palo, young
mother, whoso husband has boen un-
ablo to get back, his job undor tho
now sottkment, furnished It, In part
as follows:
Company i»rSco«—coffoo, 30 cents;
flour, 50 cents; bacon, 23 cents;
rolled outs, 20 cum*; outside prices,
coffee, 25 cents; flour, 40 cents;
bacon. Nt cents; oats, 15 conts—«nd
so on Indefinitely,
So tho Cabin Creek miner, dealing
with his employer and bnylwr, «*y
a pound of coffee, & 12.po(intl s«ck of
Hour, thro* pounds   ot   bacon   am!
a package of rolled oats, pays tribute'
to the coal company to the amount
of 40 cents, or a fourth of the total
cost—40 cents pure tribute to the
man who profits on his labor and 40
cents out of the mouths of his family. And the miner who doesnt deal
liberally is discharged.
That is the situation.. The remedy? That is the question.
Houses Deserted
, On the way up Paint Creek it was
noted that two-thirds of the houses
were empty. A miner abroad the
train said that if a satisfactory settlement were made with the miners,
all the houses would soon be filled.
The miners would come back and settle down in ^peace and contentment;
"but they will not dive," he said,
"where their lawful rights are taken
"It is not a question of money,"
said the miner, "It's a question of
The speaker had heard that "transports" had been put to work' at the
head of the creek.
Soldiers Leaving
At  Pratt  the  soldiers  were  seen
rolling  up   their  tents  and   loading
them Into cars.   Only a few remained in the military zone, and it was
said that Governor Hatfield had ordered them home.   So it is believed
that martial law is again at an end
in West Virginia—no doubt forever.
Mucklow and Holley Grove
Mucklow  and  Holley Grove were
the only towns visited on Paint creek.
At Mucklow there Is another of the
little iron houses the  miners came
to fear and to hate in the stormy
days of the strike period—the four
walls rivited together for   the   protection of the coal police while grinding out death from the muzzle of a
■machine gun.   On the door of a de-
lapidated shack was posted Governor
Glasscock's    first    proclamation    of
martial law, still bearing the coat of
arms of the state on which the woodman's axe and the miner's pick are
pictured   -as~  supplanted    the    gun
and the sword, and bearing the legend
"Mountaineers  are    Always    Free."
The senators saw the buildings that
were "shot up" in the early battles
between the miners and the Baldwin-
Felts mine guards.-   Senator Martine
questioned- the™~TfiIHer§    about-"the"
strike, but it was found that there
were only a few there who had'been
in the late struggle.   Those who knew
did not talk.   It was whispered that
the "boss" was present.
Refused Work
At Holley Grove 'it was learned
that a number of men had been refused work under the Hatfield agreement. Harry, FisUT a slxteenyear-'bld
boy, living in a little tattered tent,
Is one of them. O. Janney is another.
And J. A. Neff is another. These men
had nothing to gain from the boss,
hence nothing to lose—and they did
not fear to tell the truth.
'Mr.  Morton did not think It necessary for the train to stop nt Hoi-
loy Grove.   But since It stopped at
Mucklow, whero the miners are charged with shooting up the camp, Mr.
Hayes Insistod on an  Inspection of
the town tho miners charge was shot
up from the windows   of   tho   "Bull
■Mooso  special,"  a train  bearing a
sheriff's posse.    In that shooting a
minor nnmod Estop was Itlllod, and a
woman was   wounded.     Estop can
not como back to tell his story, but
tho woman will so on the witness
stand boforo tho soimto commlttoo. It
has boon charged that tho pobso was
armed from the Rtate capltol.
Committee Sessions
At tho morning session of tho committee J.  TI. Goldberg, now mining
coal at Boomer, Bald his mall had boon
tampered with whilo ho was working at High Coal.   Thoy mado It hot
for him because ho was a union man,
and ho loft.
Judge Advocato Wallace, of tho
military rourt, Attovnoy General Lilly nnd M. L, Brown testified last
night o.n various jilinflos of thn mar-
tlnl-law roglmo,
William Abbott, Cano Lewis, Loo
Sholton, Frod Bnfllmm nnd 'Andrew
nnHhnm, of Eskdalo, told of postal
Irregularities thoro. Thoy had boon
kept away from tho postofflcb by nlno
guards and mllltnmon, thoy said.
Homo of them hnd boon nrroijtod on
their way to tho postofflro, and put
to work In tij'n mllltnry camp.
JoBoph Shuvor, of Standard, hnd
boon "soared out" by rtnldwIn-Folts
guards, ho alleged, po .that ho did not
rot his mail for two weeks. Tho
guards, thoy said, used to shoot at
targets from tho postoffico door.
Former Executive Disclaims Responsibility
CHARLESTON', W. Va., Juno J6.~
That ovory effort Ih bi»lni» ■ mmlt. in
save Uovernor Hatfield from the re-
I'iiuJiiih'i ut Uie Senatorial
milM-ommlttoo enma to light today In
tho ruling by Senator Shield*, of
Tonn«ss«. thnt no evidence hwirlng on
tho confiscation of the Labor Argue
nnd thn nuntlnmnn <Jnftin«» .->.?'! hr..
hor Star. Socialist weeklies, would bo
accepted. II
Attorney Houston, for tho minors,
fought tho ruling without miccoss.
Tho confiscation of tho Socialist
papers Is one of the strongest charges
n-snlnst Hatfield nn?! |t was thought
that Inasmuch as tho commltteo had
been chosen to talko up nil phases of
tho violation of constitutional rights,
this matter would bo gone Into at
great lencth.
An attempt Is nl*o boltitc made to
shift tho burden of blame for the violence ef the tho** to the militia In order to aovti the mini* tovnurn from filing charged with bringing arms Into
the State and using them against the
A great sensation in today's hearing was in the testimony - of former
Governor Glasscock, who admitted
that he had returned four of the six
rapid fire machine guns taken by the
militia from the operators' colliery
to the Baldwin-Feltz agency.
"I had absolute and supreme power
under martial law," declared Glasscock on the witness stand. "That
is my understanding of martial law.
My power was absolute and there was
no appeal from it."
In a communication rrom Governor
Hatfield to the subcommittee It was
brought out that plans are being made
to prosecute the freed Socialist and
miners who had been held as military
prisoners ln the civil courts.
"They told me that they could not,
control the situation and had to have
soldiers," he said. .''They told rae it
was a state of war. I took their word
and declared martial law."
Senator Borah asked him why it
was that persons arrested on civil
warrants were not turned over to the
civil authorities.
"Let me tell you this: There were
people arrested here in Charleston
and turned over to the military authorities. But they were people that
we were looking for. They were
Mother Jones and two others. And
their offenses were committed in the
military zone."
"I did my best to straighten out
this situation, but the big thing was
whether the union should be recognized. The union men said it had to
be; the operators said they would not
under any circumstances, and the
reign of terror resulted."
Senator Martine interrogated Glasscock regarding the company stores.
"The miners had to trade there?"
he asked.
"No, I do not think they were compelled to."
"The operators owned   the- entire
"They did."
"Tlieir' stores were the only ones
"In the upper section,, yes."
"The miners had to trade there?"
"I do not think they were compelled
"No—probably not,' shouted Martine. L'But—the.companies-owned-the-
stores and they could trade there or
Maj. Tom Davis of tlie 2d Regiment
was the first witness called to lay
the foundation for the former executive's testimony. Davis explained conditions when martial law was in
Major Davis denied the testimony
that his men fraternized with the
Baldwin-Feltz sluggers. He said lie
drove one guard out of the district.
During" his time at Eskdalo he imposed fines of $283 as provost marshal
on miners who disobeyed orders or
who tried to smuggle whiskey Into the
Senator Martine, who has been listening quietly, suddenly demanded:
"What became of tho whiskey?"
A general laugh followed, but the
Senator, plainly angered, shouted:
"This is not a joke. I want to know
what this officer did with this stuff
seized from citizens."
Major Davis said ho had broken
up all bottles and spilled the whiskey
Immediately. ^
"I have nothing to conceal," ho declared. "I want to tell this committee the oxact truth and all of tlio
truth, no mattor what side It Injuries."
Davis told of Investigating a shooting at tho town of Acmo. Mo discovered that" a BaldwInFoltz guard had
done tho Bhootlng,
"Mr. Foltz was up thoro," Bald tho
major, "and he tried to stop my Investigation.   But when I told him ono
of his men hnd done tho shooting, ho
said ho would turn lilm ovor to mo.
But ho lot him got away oa a trnln
and sent mo nftor another mnn tip nt
Docota.   This ono whh n Virginia boy
who was sick and I look liltn to tlio
hospital.   Ho escaped tho next dny."
At tho request of tbo attorneys for
tho Stato tho commlttoo promised to
rail and oxnmlno Clydo B, Ambrose,
nn agent of tho Department or Jus-
tine, who Investigated charges of peon-
ngo and Interference with tlm pontnl
sorvlco'In tlio Htrlko stone.
Former Prosecuting Attorney on Stana
S. V. AvIvb, nt prosont mombor of
Congress and  formerly  Prosecuting
Attorney for Kanawha County, wim
the noxt witness.    Ito outlined the
process of criminal prosecutions in
tho Stato courts, and tho molliods of
drawing grand and potty jurors.
In ono Itislnrico, ho said, the Grand
Jury nt the Inst Juno term Indicted
a hnlf dozen guards on the testimony
of tho guards themselves presented
against miners In connection with
the first fight at Mucklow.
statements of the attack on Holly
Grove, a strikers' camp, from an
aTmored train which was r^un up into
the strike district February 7.
The committee sat back astounded
at the testimony presented by Lee
Calvin, a former mine guard, who
was one of the men in the armored
train when the strikers' camp was
fired on. Cisco Estep, a miner, was
killed and Mrs. Annie Hall wounded.
Story of Attack
Calvin, called by the attorneys' for
the miners, told a sensational story of
the Holly Grove attack. After relating that he had 'been a "chief guard"
on Cabin creek and had left the district because ot the shootings there,
he saifl that Sheriff Bonner HiU'and
Quinn Morton, a mine, operator," had
met him in Charleston' and prevailed
upon him to join a party going up
Paint creek in the armored train."
"There were ten or twelve men in
the armored car attached' to the
train," said Calvin, "aud when we got
just above Paint Creek Junction, all
of them began getting rifles, which
were in the car. They tried to give
me a riflo, but I told them I had no
shooting to do, Tho brakemari came
through the train and turned down the
lights. Ho told us not to raise the
windows, but to shoot right through
tho windows. I was leaning out of
an open window and as we came up
to Holly Grovo I saw a stream of fire
start out of tho baggage car Just
ahead where the machine guns ivcre
mounted. The stream kept up as we
went through Holly Grove.
"As we passed I saw three or four
flashes of fire from the tents."
"Were there any shots from the
tents before the shooting began from
the train?" asked Attorney Belcher
for the minors.
"I didn't see any," said the witness,
"I just heard the engine whistle blow,
toot-toot, and the shooting from the
train began. I am positive the shooting first began from the baggage car."
Another Round Ordered
The witness said that Quinn Morton, one of the operators, was on the
train. When the train had passed the
miners' camp at Holly Grove on its
way to Mucklow, he said, Mr. Morton came running back through the
"What did he say? asked Attorney
"He said, 'Back up the train and
we will, give them another round,"
answered the witness. "He was talking to the sheriff, and I'm not sure
but I think the sheriff told him something about there being ■ women and
children in those tents and he
wouldn't shoot."
At this statement Senator Martine
of New Jersey almost leaped from his
"What sort of a man is this Paul
Morton—I mean Quinn Morton?" he
shouted.   "Is he on ordinary Ameri
can citizen that he could order such
a. thing?"
The attorneys for the coal operators
were on their feet in a moment, and
for a time the committee room was in
"Mr. Morton will be brought before
your committee," shouted Attorney
Jackson, "and you will see him and
talk with him.-'
• "God help me, then," remarked Sen- •
ator Maitine.
Protest Senators Remarks
The attorneys for the operators protested vigorously against Senator Mar-
tine's remarks; and after some argument they were told by the committee
that they would be given an oppor- '
tunity to cross-examine Calvin and to
place witnesses on the stand in rebuttal.
"The senator ought not to aay that,"
said Mr. Jackson.
"I just can't help it," said Senator
Under examination by Mr. Blecher
the witness repeated the statement
that "Quinn Morton came through the
car hollering, 'Back up the train and
we'll give them another round.'" He
said thnt when the train reached
Mucklow, just above Holly Grove, the
men in tho armored car remained
there for three days until after tho
last "battle of Micklow."
The • witness declared that Chesapeake & Ohio detectives had "slugged" him ln a Charleston hotel because he had quit the coal company.
Miners Give Their Side
Pale-faced women and men who
showed tho traces of years of arduous digging coal from the West Virginia mountains, today told the committee their side of the controversy.
' The ndvent of the "dealh special,"
as the miners termed It, of the "Bull
Moose" train, as it was called by the
operators, was the principal subject
of the inquiry this afternoon, following a general condemnation by witnesses of the "mine guards" who
were brought into the district by the
operators and who former Governor
Glasscock said he considered the principal cause of the trouble, when he
declared martial law.
Mrs. Annie Hall told the committee
how she shielded her three little children from the bullets by hiding them
Jn the chimney corner of her little
home at Holly Grove when tho armored train made Its appearance. She
said she had been shot through the
foot by a bullet which passed through
the Bible and hymnal on her parlor
■ W. B. Buzard told tbe committee
that a man with whom he was talking
on a Cabin Creek train was shot from
a closet in the car after an argument,
with a mine guard. No criminal action had ever resulted from the shooting so far aB he knew, he said.
Cemetery Notice
Persons wishing their lots in Cemetery kept in
good condition for-the season, at, a reasonable
charge, can make arrangements with the underr
Funeral Directors
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
John A. McDonald
Spocinl Hopresentativo
Sun Lifo Assurance Oo. of Canada
Singer Sewing Machine
$2,00 per month
Phono .120 ,   BLAIRMORE Hox 22
Steam Heated Throughout
J, L. GATES/ Proprietor
Fernie, B. C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel
of the City
Rates $2.50 per day.
With Private Bath $3.00
Fire Proof Sample
Rooms in Connection
Martial Law Endt
.Murttitl l»w corn-toil to exist In the
ft'ud-rWdon coal fields of Warn Virginia today. Thp lar.t" uniformed
militiaman abandoned tbe Paint CrcoU
and   Cabin   Crrnlt tll«trl«'t«. nnd in
♦Vjj>  "♦"?'?  !';■:   :••;':  .;' A.     -A.AA. -.;.,-
thoritlQH wan,. r«stor<>d. Toifay tlio
sheriff of Karmwhi-t County In tho
chief peace officer of tho troubled
region whoro civil war has roljrneil
for more than a year. All off«nd'ira
nualnst tlio law will ho pimlnht'd from
noiv on hy tht* mnitltiiilnwtl rnnrta
ot tho Stato.
Armed Train Sent Out Stream of fire j
CfTAnUJSTON, W. >"»., June1 I*.—
About, a aln^lft toute In tho coil *trlk«
In th* Point an-l Cabin cwk rlUtrlco»
cnntor-Pfl today** Inquiry by thc wn-|
aii* coramltteei Invettlfatlnjr. the? tosti i
mttw atctktt. *   ,     ■ ■      ■ \
Almoat all *\%y iho eo*mroltu-« hoard i
the Best of
Fini) Neckwear, Sox, Caps, Umlerwcar, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grip*-', l.oats -k. Shoes, come to
James H.'Naylor, Bellevue
Everything sold witli a guarantee that if not .satisfactory, you vmi Mum it itr.t) <*et ymr memey back PAGE FOUR
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. . An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds, of book, job and.
color work. Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48      " Post Office Box No. 380
"This is a mighty poor showing, and does uot
justify tho hopes entertained at this end liy the executive, based upon the evidences of activity presented by this column in the last issue. There
is no use in mincing matters. If the receipts do
not pay tlie printing bill, the paper cannot appear, and when tliis issue is paid for the money
to pay for the next lias to eome from somewhere.
The Executive have not got it at present. Tlie
receipts for tlie Maintenance Fund have fallen off
to almost nothing. Subs are undoubtedly ham
to get at the present time, but they form the
. sole support of the paper, advertising-receipts being negligible. You will have to do something,
and do it quick."
The above editorial note is "scissored" from the
"Western Clarion," and is, to say the least, certainly uot "mincing matters." Most of us are
.acquainted with the somewhat checkered career
of the Clarion, and cannot but admire the splendid
courage and determination of its supporters. As
an "educational" journal it has no equal, and time
after time within the last few years it has been
reorganized, remodelled, reduced and re-issued—
in fact it has done everything but repaid the
determined few whose "stickatitness," if directed
in capitalist channels, would have earned for them
a decent competence. '•
Now, to burden you, Mr. Reader, with some
simple arithmetic. The raw material of printing
(newspaper) costs laid down in this office nearly
6 cents per lb; about 6 to 8 copies of the Ledger
equal 1 lb., and when we include postal charges
within the 100 mile radius we may, safely say
that our cost for material and delivery, is ONE
CENT: You pay for your paper less than two
cent per copy if you. are a subscriber. Taking Ihe
-generaU-y-acceptert—o&sis-of-esbimp.iir.g-cost—v. ?,:
Material, one-third; labor, one-third and establishment expense (i.e. invested eapittal, rent, taxes,
insurance, upkeep and depreciation) as absorbing
the remaining portion, you scarcely ' need ;be a
mathematician to discover that a paper like the
Ledger cannot pay even upon circulation. That being tho case, and the figures are indisputable,
what is the result if you fail to come through with
the yearly subscription? Yes, we will grant you
that we have advertisements—but, aud this is important, it is a sine qua non to tlie advertiser
that the medium lie uses for advertising his wares
should have a large circulation—therefore if we are
to retain advertisers we must retain our subscribers and the latter must pay up their subscriptions tp be retained on our list "it is no use
mincing the matter."
"We are producing a special July lst number
with our next issue which will, take the form oi
a four page, two colored supplement. In this section will he found the official program of sports, a
brief history of the city of Fernie, articles on the
Mine Rescue Station, and the chief industry of
the town.-
The whole .will be profusely illustrated " with
photographs and we would advise all who are not
subscribers^ to secure copies early as we shall not
be able to reprint.  "
I Our Letter Box I
* i
News of the District Camps
(Continued from Page 5)
Thc decision of the arbitrator in the snow slide
eases (which will lie found on front page) must
bo welcome how's to tho dependants of thoso who
lost their lives in tho disastrous catastrophe which
'marked the close of 1012 for tho mineworkers of
this camp. True, the company mny appeal the
case, nnd oven got a decision, bul; tho workors of
this District havo proved that thoy will not be
content with-any but tho very highest tribunal—
the Privy Council,of Great Britain.
Tlio workers of this province, and if necessary
tho Dominion, will not shrik this responsibility
.-.hould occasion arise.
The members of District 18 U. M. \V. of A.
may,congratulate themselves upon tho success that
has ntt ended thoir litigious efforts ancl if there
still remain skeptics who can only find timo to
nbiinc their organization and those responHi'bile
for the conduct of same, thon wo can only hope
thi)ft theso individuals will bo generous onouglii to
join in oongrntulatK thoso defendants, who, while
thoy havo lost those near and dear, will not be
denied those comforts that the compensation
awarded may secure.
Many a time has "The Week" pointed out, and
it has done so from a pretty full acquaintance witli
the subject, that strike-breaking by the importation of miners is a thankless, if not a hopeless,
task. One of the companies operating on Vancouver Island employed an agent to secure a number of British miners. About fifty left Durham
in pursuance of an agreement. They sold their
homes and furniture and started for Cumberland,
V. I. All went well until they got to Winnipeg,
when they were met by an agent of the U. M. W. of
A., who told them that there was a strike on and
pointed out that they would be scabs if they went
to work under the circumstances They decided to
proceed, no doubt with the "arriere pensee" that
they would get to the Coast in any-event and see
how matters looked. They found, however, that
they were not to reach the coast, for the company
had planned to detrain them at Harrison Mills on
the Fraser and take them by boat from there to
Cumberland. Incidentally, they had been kept
under lock and key since leaving Winnipeg, and
whichever version of the story may be correct,
the handling of the men would certainly lend color
to the supposition that all was not quite open and
above board. On reaching Harrison Mills they
started a strike of their own, refusing to board the
boat which had been provided. Instead, they purchased tickets for themselves for Vancouver which
they reached in due course and wher^they still-
remain. As matters stand, the company has spent
a. large sum of, money in bringing these men out;
the men have broken up their homes, and unless
they can speedily find employment must necessarily be heavy losers in the end. The whole circumstance is extremely regrettable. A hardship has
been worked on thirfty British miners. * "The
Week" ventures no.opinion on the responsibility
for this, and indeed is not in a position to. decide
whether conditions were misrepresented to the men,
as they allege. They say that they were .told there
moral lies here; that in a country where labor is
as well organized as it is in Canada, and especially
in any particular locality where unionism is established, it.is hopeless to expect to break a strike by
importing men. It has been tried time and time
again without' success. The only thing is for thc
company and their workmen to settle their difficulties and there is little doubt that the present
strike will have to be settled on its merits. The
one thing in the world which no man can stand is
to be called a scab. The attempt to open the Jingle
Pot mine this week clearly demonstrated that. But
the aspect of the question in which "The Week"
is most interested is in securing some measure o£
justice for tho unfortunate English minors, who,
through no fault of their own, find themselves faco
to faco with privation in a land of plenty and at a
time whon their own particular industry is paralyzed by a strike.—Tho Week', Victoria,
To the Editor of the District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—Having seen in the Coleman Bulletin a letter signed by an
individual who hides behind the nom
de plume of "A Spectator" I should
be extremely obliged if you would per-
mit me the necessary space to reply to
Let me state ln the first place that,
having read very carefully the remarks of this individual I have come
to the conclusion that he has either
wilfully distorted facts or is so ingor-
ant of the game that his criticisms
could' not be' other, than baised.' His
remark that the third goal scored by
Hlllcrest was netted by a player who
was ten yards offside is too ludicrous
to need comment( and is a very fair indication of his knowledge of the offside rule. The facts are as follows:
the centre forward received the ball,
and beating the backs with some nice
individual play, scored a fine goal.
I do not for one moment believe that
this individual is a correct sample of
tho supporters who follow the Coleman team, but one who has such confidence in his opinions and judgment
that he is compelled to conceal his
identity under what , he considers to be a convincing nom de plume,
Seeing that "Spectator" (?) poses
as a disciple of clean sport, I would
like to ask him a question: Did *ie
not feel some oualnn of conscience
when Coleman refused to hand,over
the Cralian Cup after being requested
to do so by the executive of the league? His answer would be interesting, not only to me but to many other
followers of the sport.
While I do not claim to be any more
than very human and liable like all my
specie to err, I have sufficient conviction in the justness of cause to sign
my communication.
Any further comment from me is
not necessary, for I am confident that
the people of the Pass who have
known me for so many years will prove
more just and competent as jurors
than "Spectator" (?) whose knowledge
of-the game and whose regard for his
own personality and convictions are
such that he is ashamed to put his
name to his communication.
. Trusting you will excuse me for trespassing so- on your valuable space,
and thanking you in anticipation,
Tours truly,
"One witness, Mr. .Tame* Mnddin of Vancouver,
threw somo light on tho high cost bf living. Mr.
Mnddin is a linen marker in a laundry, for which
lie gets $2.r) a week, ITo informed tho Commission
„thut out of his wages ho puts $75 to $80 a month
in the bimk. "1. livo in North Vancouver,!' said
Mr. Maddin. "and-J. own my own house. My wife
and I make a point of seeing that our living expenses do not oxeoed $H0 a month, and that loaves
us from $75 to $80 a month to put in the bank.**
lie added that ho avoided a bill ior ijioetriu iigin
by burning coal oil, and that by the exercise of
economy in household management they wero ablo
to live and save without experiencing! any hardship."—Labor Gazette.
Th*-. ;\\ois*i. h a vwtty" «0<K* sample of tit* "evid-
once" collected by McBride'* labor commissioner.
Can you beat itt One wonders whnt would hap-
pen to the laundry and the linen marker if tho
housewives of North Vancouver suddenly decided
to economize and cut ont their laundry bill. '*TT«
added that h« avoided a bill for electric light by
burning coal oil. . ." Marvelous! No wonder thu
Standard Oilfii "busted."
Under thc foregoing caption the New York
World publishes theso paragraphs on the action of
tho coal operators of West Virginia in trying to
keep tho* federal investigating committee away
from Charleston:
"Having oxoroised its "constitutional rights in
ordering an investigation of the military usurpation in West Virginia, tho United States sonata
is warned by two coal operators, named Watts and
Vinson that it Hhould koop its committee at home.
"Even to inquire into tho Kanawha absolutism,
thoy say, is likely to 'precipitate moro trouble,'
'fan white heat,' and 'load to fresh outbreaks.'
"Coming from the mining oligarchy in whoso
behalf the -government of an American state has
boon subverted, this threat had results directly
reverse ol! whnt was intended.
"Senators Swanson and Borah, of tho committee,
were duly surprised and impressed, but thoir response was that in this ease the committee must
proceed(>t<vWest Virginia 'at the oarlicst possibles
day.' " , „".. *.,- -,. -.."
"Tho first meeting, therefore, will be ,hfild in
Charleston on Juno 10 nt 2 p. m., regardless of eon-
sequences,. ,.,".;*.'
"it is well to settle this matter promptly.
"Tf thoro i* n ntntc in this union where n committee of cnn«rro*s«i ennnot henr witupf-mcn in pence
aud safety, a considerable section of the United
States army may as well begin its autumn manoeuvres at onco.
",\     j#1>\v.r.tir.ifiyit     tttnt  fllnebnd  f>t tineb  n  ehnl-
lenge as this would be moro contemptible tlmn tite
one in West Virginia which it is proposed to in-
vestignte, "—Kanawha Citizen.
Mountain House, Alta., June4, 1913
To.the Editor, District Ledger:
Dear Sir: Will you kindly give the
following space' In your paper (as it
members who might be thinking of
coming here to work) as to the condi-;
tions in force at the Brazeau mines,
and which, if you happen to walk the
70 miles of slough and muskeg between here and the mines you will
have to put 'tip with, or else walk
back again. In' the first"' place the
miners are digging coal for 55c per
30 cubic feet, all pick work, "and $1,50
per lineal yard for entries, 13 feet
wide and 8 feqt high. BesideB you
have to take up from a foot to 18
Inches of foot wall, all with the pick,
for 5c an inch a yard. . When you
come out of the mlno from work you
havo to hang your 'clothes up ln a
tree to dry. As to the grub, It is just
enough to keep body and soul together. You got. a plato of cornmeal
mush without any milk tog«ther with
coffee and pork and beans for breakfast and tho same thing less tho mush
for dinner and supper, and they
chargo you $1.00 por day for this,
Tho bunk house is something awful
—It ia novor washed out. Cory Wea-
thorly Is tho boss and ho has a hunch
from Hillcrest.
■   Yours truly,
J. C,
Tom Martin came out of the hospital on Friday last.and- is knocking
around fine.
Hillcrest football club was a visitor to Coal Creek. last Saturday to
fulfill their league engagement. J.
Wilson, of Fernie, was in charge of
the whistle. , 'The first part of the
game went part and furious during
which Coal .Creek put three goals
through. Hillcrest put up a good fight
and a clean game; but failed to defeat Banns, the Coal Creek goaler.
The game ended in a win for Coal
Creek, 3-0/
The football committee held a smoking concert in the Club Hall after the
match, which was well attended. A
nice little sum being the result. J.
Shanks occupied thc chair The Hlllcrest boys contributed songs, etc., < to
the programme. The smiling faces
bespoke having had a good time. Tho
committee desire to thank Fort
Steele brewery for the liquid supplied,
Ingrams for the smoke producers and
Trites Wood's for donation of crackers and cheese; ' also all who contributed towards the programme.
Coal Creek Junior football entertained Michel Juniors at the conclusion of the senior match and ran out
winners to the tune of 4-0. Good for
you,,,, boys. Get in on the Dominion
Day competition.
• Mrs. Robert Whyte was removed
tb Fernie Hospital on Thursday afternoon to undergo medical treatment.
The bird of the long legs has been
very busy In camp again this week. On
Friday last he visited the home' of
Mr. and Mrs. John Patterson in
Coyote street, leaving a bounciug
daughter. Saturday he visited the
home of Jim Kay, French camp; un:
fortunately the child was still born.
Thursday morning he was seen on
the roof of the home occupied by Mr.
and Mrs. Wm. Arthur Arrowsmitb,
French camp, leaving a baby girl .to
gladden the hearts of the parents.
All doing nicely. , '
The quarterly meeting of the Coal
Creole 3 ilerary Athletic Association
was held on Sunday last in' the' Club
Hall. The balance sheet showed a
slight Increase for the quarter.
Candidates are still being enrolled
for the Loyal Order of Moose. Anyone wishing to join can do so by applying to R. Billsborough or J. Stirling
and filling the necessary qualifications. Now boys, get in on the $5
The Pendleton Roundup was well
advertised up here and a large con-
"cour"se~df "Creekities—journeyed—to"
town on Monday night in consequence.
The. Shlveree band was called by
notice to meet the Coal Creek flyer
on Tuesday and,'escort Mr. and Mrs
Fred Leland to their home in Riverside avenue. . The nuptial knot was
tied by the Rev. D. M. Perley, minister of Methodist church in Fernie,
and the duties of bridesmaid and
groomsman was performed by Miss
-M. Cartmell and Harry Page, respectively. The reception was hold at
the home of Mr. and Mr3. C. Percy,
Mr. Potor Pearson and Miss Mac
Brown, both of Fornle, woro unltod In
mnrrlngo on Saturday, Juno I-Ith at
the' Mothodlst parsonage, Rev. D. M,
I'erloy officiating. Tho coromonywna
witnessed by Mr. and Mrs. 8. Orsor,
of MorrlSBoy.
On Monday, Juno Iflth, Mr. Alox. D.
C, Gallowny and MIbs Lorottn, Hodgo,
both of Colomnn, Alta., wero married
at tlio Mothodlst parsonage ( Fornle,
Tho coromony wns porformod by tho
Rev. D, M. Porloy and tho young peo>
pio woro supported by Mr. Marvin
Blytlio and MIbb Minnlo Tompkins, nl.
bo of Colomnn.
Tho mnrrlogo of Mr. Frodorlo Lo.
land end Miss Nolllo Byron, both of
Coal Crook" took placo at tho lia*
thodlat parsonage, Fornlo, Juno 17
llov, 1), M. Porloy performing tho coro'
mony. Mr. H. Georgo, of Pernio, netod
as limit man and MIhb Maggio Cart-
moll as bridesmaid. Tho happy
couple will rosldo nt Coal Crook.
Tlmt ,'ill nicn should have nn equal chance fo
earn a living is an easy clause to write or speak,
•imi who wiil deny its fairncw and ■tho truth of the
claim! Yet wo havo not approached such a condition, can not approach such a condition so long;
as the basic means of making a living are subject
to monopoly, llie bq*sic mean* of making a living have always hewn monopolized. Tho ma***:*
have never ',i d a fair chance.
Tho following la a list of successful
candidates at the examination hold on
May 27th, 28th, 20th, IM:
First CIiibs, Richard Batty, Nanaimo; John Ovlngton, Chnno Itlv*er; 3,
W. JfUiHHii, .V#.',aiftiu,' liohtui BiUW>J,
Cumberland; Howe Hewlett, CumW-
land; Archibald Howdon, Fernlo j An.
drew McKendrlek, Princeton.
Socond clftBs; John T. ChalHner,
NnnftlmfK John rtnnrfn. OiiTtVhwrlnTtd;
HiiBh Davidson. Cumberland; Alox
HoBmor; Walter Joyce, Coal Crook!
McAllon, Hosmor; Thomas J, Shaw,
R. h. Wnrburton, Morrltt; AUnn Ford,
Princeton; John McDonald, Morrltt,
Third ClaiBf Clifford Dickinson,
Nanaimo; Alex Coomb, Nsnnlmo;
(loorgo Stownrt, Ladysmltb; Samuel
Pooin, Ohniin River; Oeorna Thachur,
aouth Wellington: Krntmt M. Disvlin,
Nanaimo; nobort Carlns, Cumberland; William Henderson. Cumber-
Innd; John Rtllot Cnmh^rtsnd; Johnn
Edwards. Cumberland; Dtniel J.
Msru-h, Cam*,**!And; 8*«a«»l J«n«f,
John Sutherland, Cnmbitrlsnd; James
Data, Hosmer; William Tonhey, Mlc
h»l; Thomas Hnybtitt, Michel.
Riverside avenue and a- large number
of friends of the bride and bridegroom
assembled to offer congratulations.
In the evening "tho bloodhounds" were
hot on the trail. Some of them evidently having ' a penchant, for three
star. B—No! • Malt Vinegar (?)', It,
was tbo bad of you, Jack, to throw
the water on the boys. We wish the
bride and bridegroom ' all health,
wealth and ^prosperity.
J. F. Burns was' renewing old
acquaintances up here during last
week end. '
Saturday last was pay day and a
large number of Creekities took in
the amusements that the city offers.
A farewell social was given In the
MethodiBt church on Friday evening,
June 13th, by a few friends of Miss
Doris Newberry, on the occasion of
her departure to England on a visit,
the following being present: Lily
Hall, Margaret Finn, Mary Young,
Edith Joyce, Jimmy Joyce, Hilda
Young, Emily Young, Hilda Atkinson,
Ivy Puckey, Lizzie France, Mrs. Morton, and a few members pf the opposite sex. Songs and games were the
order of the evening, with refreshments served. Everybody enjoyed
themselves as evidenced by the sounds
of merriment.
Miss M, Lowe came home from the
hospital on Monday where she has
been undergoing medical treatment.
, Tom Mason of Welsh Camp was admitted to the hospital on Saturday
and was removed to' Vancouver for
operation on Monday. His many
friends wish him success.
Tim McCarty, an old timer, in thag
burg, has pulled out for Washington^
Oh, will ye ne'er come back again,
Tim.   The boys wish you luck wherever you go. "       ,
The 2:30 train on Tuesday brought
out Mrs. Robert Williams from Whitehaven, Cumberland. It is a good job
some of the sports didn't see the man
that kissed the conductor of the train
in his-excitement. The Shlveree band
gave IJr. annd .Mrs. Williams a few-
selections on their instruments of
torture. What's the matter with the
C. P. R.
Jack McCarty arrived in camp from
Whitehaven, Cumberland, on Tuesday to take up his residence with his
father, an old timer out here. We bid
you welcome, Jack.
.The "bloodhounds" were called out
again on Wednesday night to Riverside avennue to welcome Mrs. Johnny
Millar who is just out from Coppul,
Lancashire, Eng. Johnny was all
smiles and gave the boys a royal welcome and a wee drop o' the bottle.
Some of the residents on' Riverside
avenue have lost a lot of sleep this
ter, accompanied by Mrs. W. Wheeler
and little boy, left camp on. Wednesday afternoon en route for Rother-
ham, Yorkshire, England. There was
weeping and wailing and gnashing
of teeth in consequence,
Coal Creek football .team . journey
to Coleman "on Saturday on a league
engagement. The lineup is as follows:
Banns;t McLetchle and McFegan;
Sweeney, Parnell, Whyte; Harper,
Booth, Manning, Joinson, Johnnstone,
Reserves, Patridge, Armstrong.
Georges Cochon's   Clever   Method of
■'   Calling Attention to.Their
. , Misfortunes
PARIS, June 17:—Georges Cochon,
secretary of the Tenant's League, has
again drawn attention to tho misfortunes of. evicted tentants in, a novel
manner. With a family of four persona, who' has been turned .but of
their home taking .their belongings,
piled.on a barrow, he went to the
Moulin Rouge where the gaiety* was
at its height, and endeavored'to install them In.the hall.
He was accompanied* by some,musicians. The dance orchestra'was
silenced by his own; then both stopped playing while Cochon made a
speech, announcing he would take up
a collectlonn for his proteges.
Moved by pity and my.ch amusement at the method adopted, the
spectators gladly contributed money
to enable the evicted family to find
shelter and st£rt life again.
This Is Remarkable Confession of Man
On Step as He Disappears'
SAULT STE. MARIE, Ont., June 15.
—Jos. Tobias, who .for a week has
battled the county and United States
authorities and who is wanted tor
killing two deputy, sheriffs, had supper Friday night at the house of Edward 'Malatte in Algonquin, a suburb
of Sault Ste. Marie, and then escaped
to Canada ln a row boat belonging to
Alfred Alexander, which he stole.
Malatte is unable to read, and did not
know of the published description on
"I killed two deputy sheriffs the
other day," said Tobias after he finished supper. He stood on the door-
steps as he spoke the words and then
disappeared in the darkness. Officers
were summoned but Tobias could not
be found. This morning the row boat
was missing and Sheriff Bone and
Canadian officers are now in Canada
seeking the murderer.
Trouble Which  Has Paralyzed State
Of West Virginia for Over Year
Breaks Out Afresh
CHARLESTON, W. Va., June 1C,~
Wordcamo to Charleston early thia
morning from various sources that
tho miners nt work In tho mines of
Paint nnd Cabin croeks had voted at
a mass mootinng yostorday to ronow
tlio strlko which for a yoar has con-
vulsod tho coal flolds. According to
roports reaching Govornor Hatfield,
mootlngs nt Eskdalo nnd In tho mountains nbovo Kay ford voted not to return to work this morning,
Tho minors woro nt work undor an
ngroemont framed by Govornor Hatfield and agreed to by minors and operators. Muttorlngs of discontent had
boon hoard from tho minors for sovoral dayB.
Hoprosentntlvou of tho minors appearing boforo tho senate commlttoo
investigating tho strlko rooolvod confirmation of tho report thot tho strlko
would bo renewed this morning,
"Information that has Just como
to mo from Paint and Cabin crooks,"
said 8. 13. Montgomnry, counsel for
tho minora, "makes tt practically cot-
tain thnt tho strlko will be ronowod
this morning. Tho suspension will bo
gonorn) on Cabin crook, but T cannot
say how far Paint crook will bo nf-
fflotod. FcollnR ran hlRh at tho
mcotlngB yostorday,, I understand,
Four minors woro boaren up by guards
on Cnhln creok ypBtordny nnd tho mon
nro vory Indignant.
"Tho operators have fallod,to livo
up to th© ngrofimont proposod by
Governor Hatfield, which provldod
that tho strlkors woro to bo taken
back to work without discrimination.
Govornor Hntfteld *?as at tho oxoc-
uti.u uiit^is KHiitf iiii* muliiitiltii ,iir3,i'
'.t.jr furthr-r •wnrfl frrvm Uio fltfi! nn*'
the suproBBOd nxeltomont ln Charleston Increased.
MILAN, Italy, Juno 16.—A general
strike of tho workmen of all trades
was proclaimed horo todny ns a protest against the condemnation to prison of eighteen workmen, who woro
arreBtod for various offences during
the recent strike at tho iron works.
Thus far quiet has provailod. A
party of strlkors last night cut tho gas
pipes in ono district. Tho Btrlko was
callod off at noon, and most of the
mon returned to work.
ST. THOMAS, Juno 10.—Tho jury at
tho County Court today awardod
Thomas Chalmors, an M. C. B. conductor, $125 damngoa against Sll \V..
Ramsoy, nn M. C, R. brakomnn. Tho
mon woro on tho samo train, and In
controversy over ordors Chalmors
clalmod Ramsoy struck him, brooking
his cheek-bone.
1,300 L. & W, MINERS QUIT
Strike Result of Failure   of   Several
Members to Pay Dues.
WILKfiS-lJAttRE, Pa., Juno 1W,~-
Frlday, tho 13th," wns unlucky for tlio
Lohlgh and Wllkcs-llnrro Coal Company,
Thlrtoon hundred minors at tho
South Wllkos-Tlarro colllory walkod
out on strlko this morning.
Tho suspension Is duo to thp failure
of aovcral workmen to pay their duos
In tho minors' union.
Receive The Ledger don't blsme us.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which Is printed on
the same label containing your address,
Classified Ads.-Genf a Word
FOR SALE—Four , roomed House
and half-acre of land. Cameron Ave.,
West Fernie.   Apply, A. .Luke. 30-3tp
FOR SALE!—House of four rooms
on half lot, Block 49,, Dalton Avenue.
Apply, J. Beveridge. ' 41-p
SALE—by Farmers. Address Thos.
Fitzgerald, Sec-Trea3, No. 471 United
Farmers of Alberta, Crossfield, Alta,
bought in large or small quantities,
also gents' cast-off clothing.   Secondhand Store, Victoria Avenue North.
SEE! It's Coming! Spring! Some-
one will want those lots in Cedar Valley.   Better see Evans about them.
WANTED—Two good nien for Fernie. Must have exceptional qualities
as to salesmanship. Permanent position to the right man. Apply by letter
only to Box 20, District Ledger.  44-ltp
FOR SALE—Several useful articles
of furniture dressora, chairs, tablos nnd
range. Apply Mrs. W. M. Hay, McPherson avenue, 3 doors from Jaffray
street. 44-lt np
hatching, $1.00 por setting. Pure Bred
AyleBbury ducks, month old, $5.00 por
dozen; one woek old, $4.00 por dozen.
Mrs. A. Davies Fernlo Annox, B,. C.
' 44-2tp
FOR SALE—A Snap; corner lot
00x120 and two houses on Howland
avenue. Lot ls level and housos aro
ono storey frame and ono and a half
Btoroy block house and ln good repair.
Apply to MrB. Dorothy Hamilton, No.
M2 McPhoraon avonuo. 42np
FOR SALE—Quarter Aero, cloarod
and cultivated, with 2 Iioubob, 20 x 20,
plastered and well, finished Inside,
about 0 out-bulldlngs, Good bargain*
tor cash, or terms. Soil both houses
or oach separate. North sido, Hand
Avenuo (near school) Wost Fernlo.
Apply, Thos, Saundoi's, Wost Fornlo.
(Section 48)
on the 20th day of June next, application
will be made to the Superintendent of
Provincial Police for the transfer of the
License for ths Sale of Liquor by Retail
In and upon the premises known as the
Wardner Hotel,1* situate at Wardner,
British Columbia, from R, H. Bohart, of
of Wardner, British Columbia, to Grant
Downing:, of Pernle, British Columbia.
Applicant for Transfer,
Holder of License.
Dated this 23rd day of May, 1913.       [
Coal Crook. .1, Hlllcrest, 0; played at
Coal Creek; J. Wilson, roferee, j
nialrmor-o, 15, Fornlo, 1; played nt
Blslrmoro; L. LIvott, roforoo.
Coleman, 1, Michel, 0;   played   at
Michel; J. Mitchell, referoo
ftftUtvnitt. h Mourner, J; ptoyefl *t
Bellovue; J. Moore, referee.
P. W. UIV. for   ARit P.
Conl Creek ...6
10— B
Coleman   8
15—- 4
Bellevue   7
Michel .,.,,..7
HltlcrfM 7
Illalrmore ,...7
TTosmef ......1
feral* .7
The question ls asked.,  We
nnsworod: "Look around you
ttllti ***.
; Investigation Discloses That
Real Estate Prices Are Ativan*
In0i   » • »    • t *    * #*    mi    tee    ••    • «
Aro you alivo to tho situs*
tlont  it you aro wo can show
you a place you can make a
Wg prollt on.
As compared to later on.
Just Now, Houses   Here   Art
Dirt Cheap. <>
Mm «v ja  MNHMMn    *    *
•* "Jem*  JSkdAiSI JL JN JEtJlC
ALE3t nmc3£ BLOCK* u FEUKIE, B, C ;/
t '■•.'■ ^    ••• - ■■'•,',•-■ ■■■" ' a *
♦••■'- *
News  of Thc   District
*•*************»*******»»*¥¥¥¥ ■»»yvwy»V»»»yv»VVy Vvv»y¥»»»»»y^»y¥ y yy¥ TV V V VV¥¥¥¥¥V»»>¥¥ »»»»»»»¥»¥»»¥¥¥»¥¥¥»¥> »y»Y»^»»»Vy»¥ V»VVV »¥¥¥¥■»»»¥»»»»»»»»»»¥¥»¥»¥»¥ V»V<¥V¥¥»»»»^¥»V¥y¥VVV¥VVV».yV»V»4¥»
♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
* ♦
Mr. Rod McDonald arrived ln camp
this week and has*, started to work
ln No. 1 mine.     •.     " ("
Mrs. Annie Ash is visiting in camp,
the guest of Mrs. James Couseh.
The Bellevue band have just received four new Instruments from the
States. They are first-class instruments and the band is making good
progress under the leadership of
Mr. G. W. Goodwin.
Mr. William Burrows, of Grahan, ls
.^visiting in camp, the guest of Mrs.
Charlie Burrows.
Quite a crowd of the boys wont
to Blairmore to take in the fight between Dick Marshall of Hillcrest and
Young Manley of Boston on Saturday
. The Lyric Theatre was opened on
Saturday night for the first time. The
pictures were of a first class nature,
clean and educational. The.show was
well patronized and everyone was well
satisfied. The theatre ls under the
„ management of Mr. Johnson; of Macleod.
■Masters William and John Crawford, of Cranbrook, are in camp,this
week visiting their father, Mr. John
The building lately purchased by
Mrs. James Callon from * the West
Canadian Colliery Company, has been
moved to its new site.
Saturday, was pay day at the Bellevue mines and things are pretty
The regular meeting of Local 4331,
took place on Sunday, and quite a lot
of business was transacted.   The officers for the year were" elected as
follows:     Robert  Levitt,   president;
Charlie   , Carrington,    vice-president;
James Burke, secretary; John Brooks,
'.treasurer.   The. appointment   of the
"Financial   Committee   was   left   till
* next meeting.   The sick committee is
compo"cd  of , the following:     E.  I").
Christie, Geo.   Bateman   and James
One of the .best games of football
played in Bellevue this season was seen
on Saturday when the local team met
Hosmer. The game was a fast one
right through. The Hosmer boys
secured the first goal about three minutes after the game started, and they
played ball, but the first.goal was.the.
last one the first half ending 2-1 in
favor of Bellevue. The second half
was a good one but the Hosmer boys
failed to find the net. Two off-side
goals, one for Hosmer and one for
Bellevue were given and the game
ended-3-1 in favor of Bellevue. There
was^a big crOWd' in attendance;-'the
collection,, was good. The Bellevuo
band was in attendance and furnished some good music.
Mr. John Hutton was in camp on
Sunday and Monday, visiting his parents.
A very pretty wedding took placo
here on Saturday night at tho homo of
Mr.' Edward Llthorland, whon Mr.
Elins Llthorland was unltod in wedlock to Miss'Eleanor Jolley of WIgan,
Lancashire, England. Tho couple received many valuable presents. Their
many friends wish them a happy nnd
prosperous Hfo.
clined to divulge the personal of the
team for the present, but the writer
has It on good authority that the redoubtable Mr. E. Mitchell, referred to
in the last issue of the Ledger, is
slated for the captaincy, that gentlemen failing to' come to terms with the
management of the Bellevue C. N.;P.
league team. In all. probability Mr.
Allsop's team will be one of the contesting teams In the First of July celebration at Bellevue, and in the opinion
of the writer, Btand an excellent opportunity of appropriating the bacon
—by. the " confiscation route. However, It Is generally admitted that
bickering and cilquism, not confined
to any particular club have been the
means of keeping a number of very
excellent players out of the game, and
with these players to draw from, Mr.
Allsop has an excellent opportunity
to organize a first class team.
By "Observer."
Dominion Day
JULY 1st, 1913
Under the Auspices of, Bellevue Athletic Association
Entries   lst.     2nd
Wanton everyone to como
to Bollovuo on July, tho first,
to tho monster sports; twenty-
six different ovonts, Soo tho
programs and don't forgot
tho placo and dato, Thoro
novor was Biich a timo since
tho flood,
Mr, Edward Boylo arrived ln camp
from Michel this wook and linn start-
od work at No. 1 mino; ho ls also
playing tho solo horn In tho band.
Tho collodion on Saturday at tlio
Bank In aid of tho sports was $180,
Mm. Thomas Bardsloy, who has
boon visiting ut tho Coast, returned
to camp on Saturday.
Socrotnry Burko Is busy thoso
■days distributing tho now buttons to
tho mon,
Mrs. J. B. Rudd has oroctod flno
cottaRCB at Maplo Loaf.
Mr. Jn'B, • Colliin," proprietor of tho
Bollovuo Hotol, was thrown out of
Ills buggy on Friday last, rooolvlng
Injuries which laid him up for rt1 fow
Mr. RobortB, firo-boss at tlio ProB-
poet, was Joined by his, wlfo from
Nova Scotln, and Is living In ono of
■M/s, Iludd'a now houses at Maplo
Mr, J. B. Budd was thrown from a
lond of coal last week and rocolvod a
lind slinking up. A broken harness was
tho csubo of tho accldont,
■District Inspector of Mino paid
Bollovuo a visit on Tuesday.
Tlio now addition to Bollovuo Is
£w!t\» ver:'. fast. *.'."*> \7t\* aumt
sold last wonk,
Thoro was a fllavoalan woddtng at
Mnplb Leaf on Monday last. '   **
The Bollovuo band gavo an opon
nlr concort at tlio now football flold
on Sunday night.   Tlioro wns a large
*,..tJi'iSj. i.t i**SuCiAi<t.iiiJo,
Tho excess of football talont In
Bollovuo has oponed up ono new Uno
of enterprise In this enterprising burg.
Emulating tho oxumplo of tho major
league baseball magnates of tho United States, and claiming to havo nn
abundance of flrot cl'aaa raw material
on tap, Mr. Jas. Allsop, tho popular
•mnntor air builder hitti decided to
put another football, toam In Uio flold.
This team will bo known as tho'Trldo
of Bollevue," and Mr. Allsop frankly
expresses the candid opinion that-the
prowess of tho team on tho football
field makes tbem formidable conton-
dors with aay team la iln» Crows Nest
Pass Football lean*.  Mr. Allsop de-
The "Observer" has observed something that ia unobservable to the Dis-'
trict Inspector of Mines of the southern part ' of Alberta,' namely, Mr.
Aspinall. We would like very much to
know who employs him, whether the
operator pays him his wages or is it
the provincial government who
liquidates the responsibility? Because
if the inspector desired a bath he
would have to go further than Passburg or Maple Leaf in order to refresh
his hide. We believe that so far as
the Coal Mines Regulation Act is concerned it is very specific on this pointi
leaving out the entire modifications
of the last session at Edmonton. (0
you Washhous'e! •
Mr. and Mrs.'Llye, of Macleod, were
visitors at the Passburg hotel last
Mr. and Mrs. Thompson, of the Columbia hotel, Elko, arrived Monday
on a visit to their daughter, Mrs.
Duncan, of the Passburg hotel.
The "Observer" is sorry to learn
.that Mr. and Mrs. Duncan's eldest
boy is very sick in bed after a severe
attack of measles. Immediate recovery is expected.
A grand, wedding took place at
Maple Leaf o.n Monday,last between
Mr. Joseph Dubect of Maple Leaf and
Miss Mary Tatcho of Austria. The'
"Observer" Is wishing them long life,
-health.-wealth-and-prosperity: s—
H. C. Beard is training' hard for
some of the events that are to pull off
at Bellevue on July the first.
Ben Lewis, of Maple Leaf, was a
visitor here on Monday evening.
A special meeting of Passburg Local
will- be held Sunday afternoon, at '2
p.m. for the purpose of. nominating
and electing locnl officers for the coming term, also as to the advisability of
forming a sick benofit society
amongst the .mine workers.' Come
ono; come'all.
Mr. J. Grafton, of Bellevuo, was" a
visitor here on Monday, accompanied
by tho real estate company of Moose
Jam; selling llko hot cakes.
A large crowd went to Bollovuo last
Sunday to attend the first general
meeting hold under* the auspices ot
tho Owls socloty.
Tho Passburg Jjocal has slgnod up
an agreement with the doctor hero
namely, Doctor Boll, which seems
to be satisfactory to both parties concerned,
The "ObBorvor" cannot go around
tho city with his eyes closod, but having notlcod tho Hotol porter endeavoring to break a llttlo bny
broncho to harness Is vory amimlng.
Tho Btimts nnd grammar used should
not ho placod on papor. Stick to your
guns, Davo,
Miss A. Maryanclt, of tho Passburg
hotol, was ln nttondanco at tho wedding which took placo at Mnplo Loat
lust Monday, having an onjoyablo
timo. Sho rotumod oarly In tho morning.
Tlio Loltch Coal and Coko Company's pay roll oxeoodod tho 10,000
mark this month, -.*,".'.
It was pay day at Passburg on Saturday and It Booms that* tho boys on-
Joyod tliomsolvos woll. Thoy had a
flno smokor and dnnco In tho ovonlng In Slovok hall.
It puts tho "Observer" In mind that
by looking nt somo of tlio statement
Iflsuod hy tho Mnplo Loaf Coal Company tlmt It Is tho actual 24th of
May contribution list at Pnssburg.
On Sunday, tho IGtli, thoro was a
mooting called of Burmis Local and
Lo! and bohold tho nttondanco was sur-
prising, only four having a doslro to
look aftor and attond to tliolr own
lntorost. In my opinion this Is tho
only Institution whereby tho mino
workors can ovor oxpoet to onllghton
thomsolvJB through having the, prlv*
logo of discussing civilly nad Intotlll-
gently tlio various problems that aro
dully confronting them on tho Industrial fluid. But It scorns that thoy
nro considering themselves groat
union uit-ti u uiu, pay uuus and leave
four to ilti tlir •work which la ao cu-
aontlnl on "tho part of ovoryono concerned to perform, ,You Burmis boyii,
wnko up!
Tho athletics of Passburg nro out
training hard for tho first o* July
sports at Bollovuo, Even tho first
division football nro out for tho
fIth a sido tournamont and thoy nro
dotormlnod to win!   (Sensation!)
P. A. Comb, of the Western Cnn-
adlan Wholosalo Company, was hore
on business on Wednesday,
Mr. T. If. Duncan, tho genial hotol
proprietor, left Saturday morning for
Macleod and returned on the west
bound In tho evening.
J. Twigg and W. II. Oudeklrk aro
steadily engaged at the new opera
houso at Bellevue,
Strange, hut neteHhelest it's a fact.
If some cost mines were termed a pub.
He market In some of the largest
Baseball Competition, entries not later than
June 28th  '.$5.00 $75.00
Boys' Race, 9 years and under Free 2.00
Boys' Race, 12 years and under  Free 2.50
Boys' Race, 16 years and under ....... Free 4.00
Girls' Race, 10 years and under Free 2.00
Girls' Race, 16 years and under  Free 3.00
Old Gents, 50 years and over Free 5.00
Three Legged, 100 yards   .25 5.00
Married Women's Race, 100 yards Free 5.00
Single Women's Race, 100 yards .' Free 5.00
100 yards Race (open) 50 20.00
Obstacle Race 50 15.00
Football   Competition   (open) (5 a side; 5
minutes each way)'  5.00 50.00
Football Competition for players not having
played in League games  2.50 25.00
Half Mile Flat Race : 50 15.00
Running High Jump  '.    .50 10.00
Running Broad Jump     50 10.00
100 Yard Race (handicap) members B. A. A.    .50 15.00
Putting the 16' pound- shot ...-..':; 50 10.00
Kicking,the Football (open) ..' 25c per kick 5.00.
% Mile -Pony Race (Bellevue and Districe)
 5 per cent.
1/4* Mile Horse Race (Bellevue and District)  ,.
 V1. 5 per cent.
V4 Mile-Pony Race (open) .: 5 per cent.
% Mile Horse Race (open) 5 per cent.
Tug of War, 5 aside (no cleats)   2.50
15.00 5.00
20.00 7.50
25.00 10.0C
50.00 20.00
25.00 ■	
Catching the greasy pig; prize, the pig.
Wrestling, catch as catch can, (150 pounds
. and under)      . -50
Boxing Competition (135 pounds and under)    .]p0
29.   Tag-Selling Competition, 1st,'$7.00; 2nd, $5:00j 3rd,".$3.00:'
'Sports to commence at 10 A. M.''sharp, and will be'run off in their
given order as far as possible. . .
Bellevue and district to mean from Coleman to Burmis, inclusive.
. Players in baseball and football competation to, play for one team
Four to enter,and three to start or no'second money.
Refreshments on grounds.
The celebrated Bellevue band in attendance.
. Train leaves for the West at 6:30.  For the East at 9:20.'
Treasurer—Hugh McDonald.  \ (All white rosette.)
Secretary—Jas. Burke.   (All white rosette.)
Bellevue Band in Attendance
$1,000 IN PRIZES
JAMES BURKE, Secretary
albly expect to soo any moro new
faces than ho doos at somo camps
Just at prosont.   What?
Tho boys may bo soon making Imaginary casts on tho prnlrlo with thoir
rods and Hnoa. Somethings going to
bo doing on tho 1st, suro.
Tho rosldontB of,this burg nro certainly woll looked aftor as far as
railway facilities aro concornod. You
mny go out of Passburg by train but
O that walk back. Tho "Observer"
has boen Informod that ovon tlio mall
ono morning this wook was loft—not
called for; didn't want it, I guoss,
Dogs won't bo so plentiful around
PaBsburg this soason as thoro havo
boon qulto a fow polsonod horo latoly.
Tho '■ automobile crazo must ho at
Its height right now, Thoro ls always a bunch at tho Passburg Hotol.
Must ho treating 'era right, Tom.
Ono hns but to go to tho falls at
Hurmis on tho lst to soo a good ro-
Bomblanco of an all England fishing
match, Judging by tbo numbor of
parties who havo selected that part
of tho straam for, thoir day's sport.
Hopo thoy bltb good, boys.
Mr. .T, Thomas, superintendent horo,
hns boen Very slofc this Inst wook with
la grlppo but Is onco moro at tho holm.
Olnil tn sen vnu woll amain, .Ton.
Mr. Hd Thomas loft town for a llttlo
airing last, pay day to whoro no on«
isooms io know hut enough said, ho Is
with ub onco'more. No placo llko
homo, Kd,
for his homo ln Hamilton,  On his way
ho will visit St. Paul and Uilcago.
Mrs, PlnlnyBon, her slstor nnd
family all loft on Tuesday for Glasgow, Scotland, whoro thoy will havo
an oxtondod visit. Mr. Finlayson nc-
compnnod thorn ns far as Modlclno
Mr. Brock, a C. P. It, assistant at
Prank, waB ono of tho boxors at
Blalrmoro on Saturday night whon a
largo crowd gathered to soo him try
his luck with Dick Marshall; tho do-
clslon glvon was In favor of Marshall.     ,.'     ,
Von7.ll Ruzlcko, of Frank, has boon
absent from town for a wook or so;
ho Is visiting Now Hasolton, 11, 0„
and ho expects to go further north boforo returning homo,
Bob. •McCJownu was down from Pernio on Wednesday and loaded his car
of furniture whilo horo.
downpour of rain. After having
awaited the arrival of the appointed
referee for nearly 30 minutes the
team decided to toss the coin for
choice and Coleman won; J. Graham
was their choice. In the first few
minutes of the game a penalty was
awarded Coleman for hands, but Jim
Moores, the Michel goaler stopped the
kick from Kellock. After about 15
minutes play the players beat a hasty
retreat, but resumed with the appointed referee, J. Mitchell of Coal
Creek, in charge of the game. The
rain still continued, and under wretched conditions both, teams played
good. Half time arrived with no score.
Soon after the Interval Coleman scored through Kellock from what seemed
a very doubtful position, and up to
the closing stages of the game Coleman seemed to have the best of
play. The Michel forwards, however,'
exerted themselves for the last 15
minutes and were almost through
on several occasions, but failed to
scoret Coleman thus winning by 1 goal
to noiie. This is the first defeat for Michel on their own ground in a League game for over two seasons. The
team was minus its inside right, Fred
Beddlngton, who has signed on for
Coleman, where he also secured work,
being -unemployed in Michel. His
place was filled by Tom McGovern,
and Bob Hampson (whose trip to England is' postponed for the present)
played in the right half position. *
Alex Branch, a long time resident
of Michel and Coal Creek, boarded
the passenger Saturday night for
Cumberland, England, where he intends to renew acquaintances with a
few "Marras." Too bad you couldn't
make it, Bob.' We wish him good
luck and a pleasant Journey.
The much talked of wrestling match
was decided last Saturday night between Jarvis Holton and Harry
Phllipps in the Michel Opera House.
Referee John Marsh first announced
a perlimenary, or rather an exhibition
between Bob Hampson and Frank
Robert, and after showing some good
points, etc., Bob secured a throwi al-'
so the second. Then the . principal
contestants were announced, Holton
of New 'Michel and Philipps of Old
Michel. Articles had been signed for
the best two out of .three falls and $100
purse, at 134 lbs. weight. Both men
were well under weight.' When they
came together there seemed little ,to
choose between them, but gradually
Philipps' strength began to show up
gained the first fall. The second he
also won in 1 minute, thus winning
the match. Holton received an injury
to his thumb early in the struggle.
The Crow's Nest .baseball team paid
a return visit to Michel on Sunday last,
and after a well contested game won
by 10 runs to 8. After being 7 runs up
in the first two innings, at the sixth
inning Michel wero leading 8 to 7;
but Crow's Nest ,ran out with the final
as above. The .battery were Olson
and Sullivan for Crow's Nest and Tod
Hunter and Estabrook for Michel.
A meeting of underground employees was held last Sunday to elect membors for the gas committee,
but the attendance was vory small,
A supper and , dance waB hold at
tho V'onlzta Hotol on Monnday. Many
couples put ln an appearance and en-
Joyed a good time.
Andy -Matusky, flro-boas in Old No,
3 mine, has .severed liis connection
with. tlio Coal Co., hlB placo being
filled by Jas. Toukoy.'
A Dominion Day celebration will
bo hold on tho Mlchol prnlrlo undor
tho auspices of Mlchol Athlotic Association when $1100 will bo glvon
away In prizes. Amongst tho ovonts
will be pony raco(open) and ono for
locnla, horse rnco, host singlo horso
turn out, 100 yard dash, one quarter
flat and obBtaclo raco; a six asldo
football contest for $50, and a baseball tournoy for $75; nlsio nomo
juvonllo races. Only fine day will
bo noodod on July 1 Rt to help nnd
mnko It a success, Everybody como
and havo a good timo. Mlchol Brass
Band will bo In attendance
Hollovuo nro oxpoctod as visitors
horo for longuo honors on Saturday
and a good gamo is oxpoctod. Turn
out and boost for tho locals.
125,000  People
Will See
JUNE 30th
JULY   Sth
£110,000 will be expended to
help them enjoy it.
Reduced passenger rates.
Freight paid on Alberta Exhibits.
Live stock unexcelled in thc
Splendid program of Mutic, Vaude-
vilU. Firework.. Racci
Manager, Calgary.
We carry-a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
"The Store the People Own"
Co-operative Good at Factory
Prices for Ten Day More
We have mailed particulars to all regular customers, if you
have not had a circular ask for one at thc the stores.
All Dry Goods, Mens Goods, Shoes, House
Furnishings at Cost for Ten  Days More
The Coleman Co-operators aro reforming
under thc now Co-operative Associations
Act. All goods offered at reduced rates
and all are now goods this season.
Come and get a good selection
Keep the Money In the Pass
(Contlnuod on jingo i)
♦ ♦♦♦-
+ + «> + «*♦ + +-
Mr. Palmer bas started to move tho
P. Burns butcher nhop.
Mr. 'Wm. Simpson, who loft lioro a
month ago to talce tho po-ition ot
umutor mechanic ot Diamond City
mlnoi, returned on Monday night,
those rnlnon havlnir cloaed down.
Work will commence next on tho
Keystone cement plant juit west of
the Frank townsite. H If likely that
a lot of men will be employed.
I Rev. W. O. Pa*on, of Hlllcrest, took
th« "Obierrer" «o«l<l notjwi-'the flyer *er» on Tneaday morning
On.Thursday ovonlng lust wook tho
Hiram Munioal Comody Co. guvo'a
vory good allow down In Martin's
Hall, now town, and a good largo nud-
iuuiv      ujUiiu-Utuvi*}       ili'Jti,      euoriM.
"Hlrnm" wwoirt 'ronrn of" Jnutfblrr,
Aftor tho performance a dnnco wab
held and tho girls woro In groat do-
maud as partners, for thoy know all
tho new dancoB.
I On Friday last Wm. Toiihnv rmll-frt
out for Holds and pastures now.
Nothing doltiK now on tho coal company's proporty In tho carpontor
Another old timer Jn tho porson of
Toddy Eoylo hit tho high places, and
got stuck In tho wind at Dollevun,
whoro ho Intends to reside In the
near futuro.
The atork was mm hovering around
the camp last wook, and by chance
we hear Its destination was at the
homo of Mr. and Mrs. Will Edwards,
and that mother and son aro doing
well.  That's a good start, Will.
1,n»t flrtttiTifay nYfintrie the' football match between Colemart land
Michel was started amidst a heavy
"The Quality Store" ■ ,'■ i r ',"   V'
Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots
"House of Hobberlin" Clothing and also Regal Shoes
JuHt arrived, nnotlior Nliipmcnt of
Extra Choice Eating Apples
$1.75 por box
Good Sound Cooking Apples, $1,60 box
T-Vfsli vepflnlilcf flirep f.irho.'j n weeU.
Strawberries on Smtwdfty
Tito HlBhl (loath, Tho Kitfht Treatment, \
Tlio Kifjlit IVieft, ouch and every thru?.
Wo hnvo ii J ways nllowod 10 per cent.
off dry Koodn, and 5 per cont. off
gmi'tirkii for i:*a.'.!i.
Phone 25
Victoria St
Blairmore. Alta. PAGE SIX
.1 i*
We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
Examination Questions
For Mine Managers
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip In a
lot'of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't en- j by"w0"r"kmen?
counter if they bought their lumber
— Dealers In —
Lumber,   Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.    SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23.
Candidates must obtain 70 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 1 Time—One and a half
Coal Mines Act
1. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding shafts or
outlets?   - (10)
2. What are tbe provisions of the
Coal Mines respecting abandoned
mines? '• (10)
3. What is required' by the Coal
Mines Act regarding the inspection
of machinery? *.        (9)
4. State fully the provisions of
the Coal Mines Aot with reference to
ventilation. (10)
5. State fully the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act respecting explosives.
.*   (12)
6. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding inspection
7. State fully the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act referring to manholes on underground roads. (12)
8 What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act relating to safety,
lamps? (10)
9. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act relating to the employment of boys, women and girls?
10. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act relating to the inspections of a mine? Describe fully how
these inspections are carried out ln
practice1 at any mine with which you
may be acquainted. (9)
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, tho North
Wost Territories and ln a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be loasod for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of U an aero.
Not moro than 2,560 acres wil bo leased
to ono applicant.
Application for a leaso must bo mado
by tho applicant in porson to the
Agent or Sub-Agont of tho district ln
whioh thn rights appllod for aro sltuat-
In surveyed territory tho land must bo
fk'Hci'ltiod by HcctUms, or logal sub-alvl-
slonR of sootlons, and in unsurvoyod
territory tho tract applied for shall be
Btalcod out by tlio applicant himsolf.
Each apllcatlon must bo accompanied
by a foe of $5 which will bo refunded If
the rights appllod for aro not available,
but not otherwise, A royalty shall bo
paid on tho merchantable output of tho
mine at the rato of five oonts por ton.
Tho porson operating tho mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon, Tf tlio coal mining
rights are not bolng oporatod, such
returns should bo furnished at least
once a year,
Tho Iohbo will Include tho ooal mining
rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted to purchase whatever available
•surface rights may be considered 110-
coiiHary for the working of tho mine
at tho rate of $10.00 an acre, ,
For full Information application
should bu nmilu lo the tii.-crulary of thu
Department of tho Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Bub-Agent of Dominion LnndH,
W. W. Oory,
Deputy Minister of tho interior,
VIM—Unauthorised publication of'this
•dvortlHomant will not bo paid for.
Candidates must obtain 70 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 2.  Time—Two and a half
Gases, Shot-Firing and Safety. Lamps
1. Show by means of sketches and
describe the details of construction
of a Wolf lamp; a means of locking
and a means of relighting without
opening it; and tbe course followed
by the air entering, circulating in and
leaving it. State why the flame of
fire-damp burning within an unbon-
neted safety lamp standing in an explosive atmosphere does not pass
through the wire gauze cylinder when
the air is stagnant and why it does so
when the air, is moving with a certain velocity. (12)
2. What are the principal
sources of coal-dust underground, arid
what means would you adopt, (1) to
reduce its production generally? (2)
To render' a coal-dust explosion either
improbable or limited in extent?     (9)
3. Explain the law of diffusion of
gases and its effect on their behavior
in mines. What rule and example
showing how to" find the comparative
velocity of diffusion of the different
gases.       '       — 7~   .   (8)
4.' What gases are given, off by
the use of gasoline locomotives underground. What dangers, may arise in
this connection and what precautions
would you take? (6)
5. State what gases found in coal
mines are combustible and how you-
would distinguish them. (10)
6. What alteration would you expect to find in the composition of the
air in the workings of a mine as the re-
sult(l) of an explosion and (2) of an
underground fire? What is .the nature of the gases produced in each
case, and what, tests would you make
before permitting men,to enter"the
workings? (11)
7. Name the different explosives
used In the different mines In the Pro-
vlnco and describe their properties
and peculiar characteristics. Show
their adaptation for certain results in
blasting operations and explain the
dangers attending tho uso of oach.
8. What aro tho proportions In
relation to fresh nlr of fire-damp, carbon-monoxide and carbon-dloxldo, res-
pecllvoly, which render thorn fatal to
life; and what at thoso proportions
Is tho effect on tlio flame of a safety
lamp In each case. Give tho chemical
composition, density and' proportlos
of oach of tho threo gases. (12)
0, Doserlbo the following inBtru-
montB, bnromctor, thermometer, anemometer and wator guago. How nro
tho readings ot tho first two Instruments and tho underground conditions affected by atmospheric variations? (13)
10, Doserlbo fully two methods ot
firing shots and sny undor what clr-
cumBtancos you would adopt oncli.
and what must be the temperature so
that the volume of air would remain
the same? (6)
7. Describe with sketches the arrangements you would- adopt to ventilate a rectangular shaft 20 feet long
by 9 feet wide while it was being sunk
to a depth of 600 feet. State the
quantity of air you would have passing in the shaft-bottom. "     (10)
8. What are tbe causes of spontaneous combustion in coal mines.
State what steps you would take to
guard against it in a mine where the
coal is liable to take fire spontaneously and what steps you would take to
prevent a fire from' spreading.      (8)
9. 'Make a 'neat sketch of room
and pillar workings for a mine with
160 men employed. Show number of
men in each district,' course of air
showing air-splits, crossings, stoppings,' doors and regulators, Give
size of intake and return air-ways also quantity of air passing in each
split. (ll)
10. If a pressure of 33.6 pounds per
Bquare foot is required to pass 32,-
000 cubic feet of air through an airway 6(ift.' by 5ft: what pressure will
pass the same quantity of air through
an airway 9ft. by 5ft, both airways
having the some length? c7)
11. -.In opening out a mine generating fire-damp the upcast shaft is
situated 250 feet from the downcast.
Describe fully with sketches the fan
you would install to yield 150,000 cubic
feet of air per minute. Give also the
capacity of the fan and a description of the fan drive. (14)
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 4. Time—Three and a
half hours.
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Abovo Dleasdoll's Drug Store)
Phono 131
Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 6.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avonue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Office:: Cc'.tcttln' PuHrftw;,
Fernie, B.C,
P, C. Laws
Alex, I. Flihe'
Pernio, D. C.
Shilotf* Curt
Receive The Ledger don't blume u».
Walch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which le printed on
the same label containing your id*
Candidatos must obtain 70 per cont
of tho allotted mnrks to pass,
Paper No. 3. Timo—Throo and a
halt hours,
1. A fnn running at a speed of
forty revolutions por minute produces
015,000 cubic foot of nlr por mlnuto.
What nvolume of nlr will It produco
whon tho spend Is Increased to fifty-
flvo revolutions por nilnuto?        (0)
2. In what omtfrgancy might It tea
ndvlmiblo to roservo tho ventilation In
a mine;
(a) Uy an nrraiiRomont at tho sur-
faco? '■','.'
(b) Hy an arraiigomont underground?    	
Sketch and doserlbo tho arrange-
inonts In both cases and stato what
rnjuVfttlo-nn ymi wintrt innlrn fni* lt«
purpose. (8)
3. State tho practical oxporlonco
you hnvo had in tho ventilation of
mines, " *' (7)
•I. A current of 25,000 cubic foot of
nlr per minute  la split so that  It
,,.'.." ,i       I..    >1...    ,     .I..,,.,:,.,.    ,.,,1,lnr.t    it    "
•*;>**.•■>tut.* .** w..,.v... ^.. I,,.*.) .* ■*. *.f9 *  *- •-■/ "*
common pressure, Tho slzo and
length of, tho airways aro as followa:
Split A, 0x0 foot, 2,100 foot long; Split
n, 0x10 foot, 2,400 foot long. Split C,
4x10 feet, 0,000 foot long. How will
this quantity of air divide between
tlfflc throe splits If no r'ngnlat-nrs nro
employed? H'i)
T,, "Rvplnln thrnn ways In which nn
explosion can occur In a coal mine
whero tho aafoty lamp Rives no In-
diction of ffas? (8)
0. Tho barometer Is 30 Inches and
the temperature 00 degrees, What effect would It havo on a volume of air
If the barometer falls ii 20,3 tncUco,
Practical Work
■ 1. Describe the different irregularities which occur in the continuity
of coal seams and say how, these have
been caused. (7)
1. Draw a section of any six miles
of country with which you are acquainted, showing the coal seams,
faults, etc., and mention any features of geological interest. (9)
3:' Describe with sketches how you
would open a seam 10ft. in thickness
pitching at an angle of 45 degrees
with a lift of 800 feet so as to get a
sufficient supply of air to the face of
the entries and rooms/, the seam being very gaseous. State where and
how you would place, the fan, the
property being opened by a drift and
all workings being above water level.
4. A 4 feet seam of coal which is
lying level is overlain by and separated by 6 feet of shale'from a. 5 feet
.seam_of_coal The-roof-of-the-top
seam of coal consists of strong shale.
Show by sketches, any simultaneous
or other method of working the two
seams and give your reasons therefor.
'     CU)
5. Describe with sketches the
Fleuss Mine Rescue Apparatus. How
many rescue men woutd you require
and how would you organize them,for
repairing a stopping 600 feet distant
from fresh air, only two men being
able to actually work at the' stopping
at one time and no material having to
be carried to them? Tlie completion
of the work to occupy six hours, (12)
6. Describe with sketches the general surface arrangements you would
require for tho sinking of a shaft 18
feet by 9 feet, finished, through several fiery seams of coal to a depth of
600 feet, the strata being very slightly watered. Give the principal dimensions. Give a list of signals you
would adopt, and say what special
precautions you would take when shot-
firing, (ii)
7. In a lhine COO feet deep, which ls
required to produco 1,000 tons In
eight liourB,, descrlbo tho system of
haulago and motlvo powor you would
(1) In a main haulage road 1,200
yards long dipping 1 ln 6?
(2) In tho main levels on each sido
of the shaft?
(3) In tho raises and lovols branch-'
Ing off thorn? » ,
Theso roads being dry and dusty
state what steps would you tako:
(a) To mlhlmlzo tho deposition ■ of
coaldust, and
(b) To reduce the danger from tho
unavoidable deposit tnoreof?     (1?,)
S, Glvo a gononil description of
tho system of working a coal seam In
which you hnvo had oxperloneo, Including n section of the Bonni, Mako
noat sltotehos of: (a) a (11btrict suitable for an output of 100 tons por
day*, and showing the mothod of ventilation and haulage; (b) a working
placo showing the method of timbering and getting coal away from tho
faco. (0)
0. Show by sketches tWo mothodH
of timbering t tho working faco and
two mothnds on tho main hnulago road
and describe tho conditions favorable
to tho adoption of each of those methods,     .. '„ (8)
10, What. In your oxporlonco Is tho
proportion of loss of nlr at tho working faces, through leakages? 5s From
what causes does this leakage arise
and what aro tho best means of preventing it? (0)
face to a sub-station near the top of
a winding shaft, .where it is. transformed to medium pressure. It is then
conducted down shaft cables to a
haulage motor underground. Describe the arrangements you would
make for safeguarding the line and
work from the generator to the motor.
"   ■'•   • (7)
4. What is meant.by negative load
upon a winding engine? Describe
the different methods of counteracting it. (6)
5. What pressure per square inch
is exerted' on the plunger of a pump
that is raising water to a vertical
height of 175 feet. What steam pressure would be necessary to do this
work if the diameter of the steam cylinder was' 6 inches and that of the
plunger 4 inches, making no allowance
for friction? (8)
6. Describe with sketch a modern
system of screening a large output
of coal with a minimum (of breakage.   , • 0(12)
■ 7. What is the horse-power of an
engine having a cylinder 9 inches In
diameter, and a 20 inch stroke when
making 60 revolutions per minute,
with a mean effective pressure of 42
pounds per square inch. (8)
8. Describe any type of coal-cutting machine. State the depth of cut
and the rate of cutting (either in feet
or square feet per hour or per shift)
and the horse-power required. (10)
• 9. What pressure per square inch
wiir an air-compressing engine produce, having two steam cylinders each
30 inches in diameter, the stroke being
7 feet and1 the steam pressure 45
pounds per square Inch; the two air
cylinders 36 inches and 20 inches in
diameter, respectively? (11)
10. How many horse-power will be
required to pull 20 loaded cars up an
Incline 400 feet long in 1, minute, the
grade being 7 per cent? The weight
of coal in each car is 3,000 pounds,
and an empty car weighs 900 pounds.
Allow 13 per cent for the resistance of
rope and pulleys. (12)
11. Describe the dangers that attend the use of electricity in and
about mines, and state the suggestions
you would' make to safeguard the
workmen. (10)
would adopt to secure accuracy when
plotting workings on the plan of a
mine on which are shown workings
closed years previously. . - (9)
8. What precaution would you take
to prevent the paper on which a
large plan is;made from shrinking
and how would you periodically test
the same? - (10)
' 9. Should a true north line in addition to a magnetic north line be
placed upon a working plan?'* Give
reason for your answer. (8)
**—__» *i
A Paper Read at the Mining Conference,
Urbana, 111., May 10, 1913
(By Carl Scholz)
President  of  the  Coal  Valley Coal
Company, Chicago.! 111.
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 6. Time—Three and half
1. What is the angle of inclination and the percentage of grade of a
slope that dips 8 inches per yard?
If the slope is 1,000 feet long measured on the incline, what is its length
measured on a plan drawn to a scale
of 100 feet per inch? (12)
2. A cross heading turned off the
main entry is driven due north for a
distance of 150 feet and dips,4 feet
in this distance. The coal seam rises
due west 1 foot in 6 feet. How farv
east or west from the face of the heading, cross tbe main entry? ' " (12)
taken on a' levelling staff: 6.70 feet
in center of road at beginning of level
<tnd all the other readings at equidistant points 100 feet apart as follows: 3.40, 4.20, 2.80, 5.70, 1.80, 2.90,
8.30, 7.40, 6.50, 2.80'S.40 3.50 2.40, 4.70,
1.80, 5.40, 2.20, 6.80, 4.30, and 3.82. The
instrument was moved after the staff
had been read at 600- feet and 1400
feet. Make out your level book on the
"rise and fall" method, reduce' your
levels, check your work and plot the
section. Horizontal scale 100 feet to
1 inch; vertical scale 10" feet to 1
Inch. (25)
4. Is the angle of inclination between two points is 30 degrees and
the ..horizontal distance between theso
points is 200 feet, what is the corresponding distance measured on tho
pitch and what is the vertical height
between the points? (10)
5. Describe fully how you would
lovel an underground road which Is
(a) practically level, (b) pitching at
a moderate Inclination and (c) pitching at a steep Inclination, and state
any precautions required to Insure accuracy. (15)
6. Doserlbo an engineer's levol, and
stato what steps you would tako to
seo that It was ln propor adjustment. ' (14)
7. Find tho Inclination of a soam
of conl outcropping on a lovol aur-
fact. A vertical bore holo ls sunk at
a point 500 feet from tho line of outcrop and penetrates tho Beam of n
depth of 350 foot below tho surface,
CandJdntoa must obtain 60 por cont
lit tilt} UiiOtttiU  UUUrvt, tO  llOBti,
f Paper No. fi,   Timo—Four hours.
1. Glvo a detailed description with
sketches of any two of tho following:
f<il  ^  rnntritMor An tt  wlnfllmr on-
■(b) Tbe'lhtij; motion for a winding
(o) An Injector for boiler foodlng.
(d) An oconoraUer. (0)
2. What thickness of steel plate Is
required In tho sholl of a cylindrical
holler 60 Inches in diameter, for a
safe working proamn-o of 100 pounds
per sqiiare Inch, thn tonsllo strain nn
tho boiler plato not to exceed 8,000
pound* per square Inch, and no allowance lo bo made for Joints?      (7)
3. High pressure electricity la generated At a power station and conducted «I"W t",r" w,r'>* ^tt tho "»»"•
Candidates must obtain (10 ppr cont
of thc allotted marks to pass.
Paper No. 7.   Time—Four hours.
Surveying and Mapping
1. An old plan of a mino Is put
Into your hnnds and you aro ro-
qulrod to survey and lay down on tho
samo plan now workings In tho same
seam In anothor part of tho field. How
would you succeed so as to mako
sure that your stirvoy would bo cor-
roctly laid down ln rolatlon to tho
surfneo linos and old workings, na-
Burning Uioho to bo corroctly shown
on tho old plan? (12)
2. Hxplaln fully how you would
mako a fast noodle -survoy, Illustrate
your answer with a skotch plan of
nn underground traverse. (10)
3. How would you conduct the survey of a district of night places In a
pitching soam, making thn host uso
of both fast, and Iooho neodlo? Show
how you would sketch tho details and
enter tho readlnns In your book and
state tho method you would adopt te
maintain tlio rendu In tho desired
itligtimuiU. Vim. Um Mint))' yoa hava
made without using a protnetor. QU)
4. Whnt ^errors in direction are
likely to arise from aiirveya made with
tho magnetic noodle and how can such
nrrnrn h*>  cnntrnllnrt  nnrt   rnmrtrxl ?
K. A eortalh soam strikes n vortical
fault and tho upthrow la found to be
00 foot, tho Beam beyond tho fault
dips at tho rato of 4 Inohoa per yard,
What Is tho length of a drift arlelnr
11/, Inches pur yard that will cut the
soam beyond tho fault! (11)
6. An entry Is driven north 40 de-
nrrooB ea«t and the rooms aro turned
north 10 dejrrr*»» weiL If the'plllnra
am 30 feet wide tnd tho rooms 24
foot wide, what !■ tha tilttnnoa between room center* measured on th»
The tendency for greater safety and
the development of larger and long-
lived mines has brought about a
change in the character of material
used for construction purposes, both
above and below ground. Up to a
comparatively short time ago wood
was used * entirely for the construction of coal tipples, head-frames and
buildings on the surface. The only
metal used was for the screens,
which were of simple design and usually onl*> provided for one separation. At t (lis time wooden tipples are
no longet built, except for very small
country inines, and steel and concrete are used almost exclusively for
the surface plants.
Steel tipple construction bas undergone a very satisfactory change during the last ten years, Prior to that
time the steel tipples were clumsy
imitations of the wooden structures,
and were built without reference tb
the strength and proper position for
best results. Th earlier tipples were
too heavy. Usually, 12-inch double-
channel 'columns, elaborately laced,
were used to take the place of 12-inch
square timbers. This made a structure strong enough for a hea vy. locomotive, and the corresponding cost
prevented extensive adoption of steel
With modern engineering, however, a'properly designed steel,tipple
is no more expensive than a' wooden
tipple of equal strength, and has so
many advantages that there can be
no question of the advisability of the
use of steel. The elimination of fire
risk alone is Of much importance, on
account of the saving in insurance
premiums and possible property loss,
and the interruption of operation
which generally' occurs during the
winter months when fires are used in
or about tipples, with entailing danger to the mine. Steel tipples furnish
the advantage of placing the support "some  distance  away  from  the
-."hi*,*. tl*h r* .<-!-A-,-MVn-m.a_timfi llQO ho..
come very popular, and is extensively used. With a tipple of this design
the wear of the sjiiaft-lining does not
affect the structure, because the supports are some distance from -the
side of the shaft, and caving would
not affect the supporting foundations.
Where fire-proof shaftB are used
the three-leg tipple, which has been
exploited by a Chicago engineering
firm, can be used advantageously and
at a minimum cost. The subject of
tipple designs is discussed by another
Bpeaker, and no further reference is
here made thereto,    ■ *
Within the last two' years the writer developed two new mines, both of
which will have-a Hfo of approximately ten years. One was a shaft mine,
and was equipped with a steel tower,
and so bolted that, upon extraction
of tho coal, It can bo taken down and
removed to another location. In its
present installation only threo tracks
woro needed for the preparation of
tho coal, but the tower wns built for
a *four,-track tipple, which may bo
wanted nt tho second location. Tho
socond mine was a slopo, and, slnco
It Is oxpectod to be the last slope
mino which our company will develop,
nnd thero would bo no further uso for
the bontB, wooden construction was
adoptod. Thirteen months aftor this
mine began operation tho tipple was
destroyed by flro, and tho roBultnnt
loaos would havo been wasted entirely upon tho extraction of tho coal at
this locality,
Tho other buildings on tho surfaco,
and particularly tho bollor and on-
glue houses, must bo fire-proof, and
much stool and Iron Is used for this
purpouo, particularly lnsldo, roofing
and roof trusses, Tho contontB of
thoso buildings Is nearly all atcol and
In tho umlornxminrt workings stool
Is used oxtonslvoly, and In tho point
of ordor tho shaft construction will
bo considered noxt, Fire-proofing of
Bhafts Is regarded as Important for
safety, and many State laws require
.such construction, In largo and Important mines a permanent shaft-lining Is desirable, on account of tho elimination of lntorforonco In operation
duo to repairs. Stool frames similar
In design'to wooden sots for two-and
throe-compartment shafts have been
Installed with steel sheeting as lagging. This construction Is expansive
nnd has not mot with much.favor.
A modified design of n steel shaft
lining haa boon designed by the
author and installed nt Shaft Ko. 1
of tho Consolidated Indiana Coal Company, at Dallas, Iowa, Tho arrango-
maul u[ ai*;?,} lu {hi* 4. aim inoyliliitt
for thn principal members to be placed Vertically Instead or horUontnlly,
as Is tho caso with the uso of timber. Right "P'-boamB nro used,-—four
near tho nnt*ld<i rnrnorn nf tho ri»t»p*
two In tho,center of tlio cagoa, to
which the bunt||»ns aro fastened? nnd
two on tho sides to which tho outside
guides nro fastened, This makes a
shaft of elliptical shape.
Tho height of the 'T'-boams ultimately forms tho thickness of tho ijon-
creto lining, In sinking the "I".
beams are fastened together on the
outside with curved anglo irons bolted to the flanne of tho 'T'-boama,
spaced about B feet apart; thin lumber lagging la wed to prevent tho
eavlng of material. When tho bottom
of tho thaft la mthed the concrete
by clamping short-form panels to the
inside flange of the upright "I"-beams.
These inside forms are made from 3
to 5 feet in-height; and, ordinarily,
two sets are sufficient to enable constant concreting and are used alternately.
In the Dallas shaft this wall is made
7 inches in thickness and the outside
lagging was left in place, with openings at intervals to permit the concrete to tie firmly .into the rock surrounding the steel frame.'    •
The. advantage of this steel-and-"
concrete combination ' is that the
fabricated steel can be put in with
very little expense and without requiring skilled labor. Sections are
bolted together with, fish-plates, and
each section is made self' supporting
by having a brace riveted to the outside of tEe "I"-beain, which rests in
the rock or is supported by a shore or
prop safely embedded in the shaft-
wall. By this means not much attention need be given to the plumbing
of the shaft as it goes down; because
the steel frame can be shifted into
the proper position as the concrete
is put in.
The old method of putting in concrete Bhafts by the use of wooden
forms is complicated, requires much
skilled labor and involves delay; because the forms must be very carefully set beforo the concrete is poured, in order to have the required alignment for guides and buntons. In the
Dallas shaft the vertical "P'-beams
were made in 15 feet sections, and in'
soft material a blind ring, slightly
larger than the completed'shaft; was
used to permit lagging down to.,the
very bottom of the excavation. Whenever the-^proper depth was reached
and a permanent steel frame was installed the temporary rings were removed and the lagging adjusted itself to the permanent belts.
The weight of material in this construction, including 45-pound steel
rails for guides and -Vi-inch reinforcement rods six Inches apart, is about
165 pounds per foot of shaft, and is
less costly than the amount of lumber
required for the same strength. In
other words, what has been proved in
shaft lining.       „ .»
The method of lining a concrete
shaft from the top down can be/well
compared with building chimneys,
which are usually started at the bottom instead of being built from the
top down.
In mine workings proper much steel
Is used for various purposes. .The,
.oJdeBt and most., extensive applications are the rails on the haulage
ways. Formerly woolen rails were
used exclusively, and on the more important roads iron straps were placed
on the top to prevent excessive wear-
Later 8 and 12-pound iron rails were
used; but with the increased weight
of cars'and motive power-the important entries are now laid with 50 and
60-pound steel rails, bedded in rock
ballast.   Steel ties are becoming, quite
_t)QT^llpi» l==\yhn(a Ott*. aTnanca anannu-
-jj*.-f.».s«« . 1 ,-ui.Q vt.tr .r..^. tr..,r,r wuwui^*
prohibitive,' considering that a steel
tie for a 36-inch gauge costs about 35
cents against a wooden tie costing
about 7 cents or 8 cents, the saving
in wages and the reduced' number of
ties required makes the steel tie more
economical than a wooden one under
certain conditions. Where the mine
bottom is hard steel ties can be spaced from 4 to 6 feet apart, enabling the
base of the rail to rest on the floor
and thus carry tho load. The ties
principally prevent the spreading of
the track. The reduction In height
required is of , Importance in low
veins, and the ability to use steel ties
over and over again, with vory little
cost for recovery, makes the steel
ties more economical than wood.
Steel "F'-benms havo , been used
many years around shaft bottoms and
on partings whero wide ontrlos have
to be maintained; but the use of
specially made steel props and crossbars Is of more rocent adoption,
Special "II" soctlons have boon made,
and found to bo oconomlcal undor certain conditions, Tho greater strength
of steel results.In the uso of smaller
blzes, which require leas excavation
for tho snme flnlshod clearance, and
tho saving of wages In bolting those
sots together, as compared with tho
costly preparation of tlmbor, brings
down tho first high cost of tho stool
frames, Tho rapidly Increasing coat
of tlmbor, and tho damaging offoct of
mino air, which rosults ln dry rot,
warrants tho Installation' of thoBo
frames in mnny locatloa, Practically
all of tho iindor-ground equipment has
boon 'Changed to stool, Including mine
cars, which formerly contained much
wood. Locomotives havo replaced
animal powor, and thoro Isn't any part
of mine oporntion Into which stool
does not ontor to a groator or lessor
oxtent, boglnnlng with tho tools with
whioh tho coal is brought down, tho
cars In which It Is loaded, tho track
rivor which it Is hnnlod, the steel ropo
by which It la hoistod, and tho surfaco .buildings which aro used for preparing It, Twonty years banco wo
will "boo as many othor urob for stool,
which wo now know nothing of, than
wo did In tho twonty-yoar period Just
pasBod.—Tho Coal and Coko Operator
and Fuel Magazine
no expense for tip-keep ; during the
life of tha plant. '.-The boiler. house, "
with its reinforced concrete chimney
towering to great height, is substantial and attractive'In appearance
as* compared with an installation of
steel stcks, which are subject ■ to
deterioration from rust and require
frequent painting and attention. No
expense for maintenance after first
cost is necessary on a concrete stack.
The coal storage bins and water-supply,1 tanks,' erected of reinforced concrete instead of wood or steel,, mark
the advance made in the'use of concrete for those structures.; This, material how replaces the wooden walls
and platforms of> the steel tipple, and
the members themselves are protected from rust and mine gases with a,
covering of the same material. Swim-
' mlng tanks, built of. concrete, prove a
source tof amusement and recreation
for the employes at a. coal mining
plant. - The house site1 ot the miners
home is made bright and clean-looking with concrete sidewalks, street
curbing and gutters. House foundations and out-building vaults of this
material are water-proof and sanitary. 4i
Those who have had to deal with
the growing scarcity and steadily increasing cost of large size timbers,
for inside mine construction will welcome J concrete  as  a  substitute, for
this material, not only at new plants, ■
but   for   the   renewal   of   wooden
structures at mines In operation.   By
its selection the mine owner will be
amply compensated for the Increased
first cost of the installation^ compared with wood when stability, permanency  and  fire-proof qualities  of
tbe concrete are taken into consideration.
As a' fire-proof and permanent material for the lining ot shaft walls
concrete Is without rival, and its
adaptability for this class of work is
well recognized, judging by the large
number of concrete shafts now being
constructed. In fact, we have hoisting and ventilating shafts completed
from ,top to bottom without a piece
of timber. The lining walls, cross-
buntons, and division-wall of the air .
compartment are of concrete, with
guides and stairways of steel. The
method of sinking mine shafts by
means of the'concrete caission, with
a steel cutting edge or shoe, through
soft and water-bearing strata has
come Into prominent use; for, by its
weight, penetration to great depth is
possible, rapid sinking progress is
made, the flow of water met with is
reduced, and a great saving in cost of
labor and material is obtained by the
omission of timber curbing.-
From comparative cost data I find
•the price per vertical.foot of a completed .concrete-lined 'shaft to be about.
one-third more than that of the wooden structure. This amount Is in the
first cost only; for after a'few years's
■time renewal' of timbers would be
necessary in the latter.
Thero are numerous designs for
lar, circular elliptical and the
straight sides with circular ends and
walls. The latter is a very economical section, utilizing the end spaces
for pipeways or stairways, and'reducing to a minimum excavation and concrete yardage. The circular-end walls
have great strength to, resist the
strata and water pressure, forming
a continuous concrete arch from top
■to" bottom. The Bide wall pressures
are taken care of by the thickness
of concrete lining, depending upon the
nature and depth of strata penetrated. Generally, a self-sustaining strata,
such as rock, slate or good shale, requires a wall of from six to nine Inches in thickness, which is sufficient
for the anchorage of the buntons,
whilo a heavy fire-clay or wet sand
seam would require a much thicker
tn tho western Iron and coal districts a number of reinforced concrete
shafts havo boen sunk though nulck-
sand In water-bearing ground by
means of tho pneumatlo caisson, or
compressed nlr system. This process
has proved offpctlvo In wet strata
for obtaining dry shaft-walls; also for
making a water-tight Joint whon tho
concrete caisson reaches the bed
rock. Air pressure ls provided In tho
wator encountered nnd tho prossuro
maintained until tho concreto has
The conatructlon of shaft bottom
landings of plain and reinforced concrete Includes tho slnglo or doublo
track entry, providing storago room
for loaded oarB, spaco for empty car-
lift back of tho shaft, and room for
ompty car storago track, together
with the necessary chutes. For this
work I havo used throo different
doslgns ln concreto construction for
supporting Btdo walls and mine roof
which hnvo to boar "bxcosslvo loads
nnd sustain tho crushing offset In-
entry? <10)
7.   Wnntlnn brfdfjj' ttt* matbott ytitt  1* put In from tho bottom to ih* fop
A Paper Read at the Mlnlno Confer*
erne, Vrimn, III,, Nty 10 ,.
(By Aliard)
Chief Engineer, Hunscn Goal Company
(Contlnuod on Pago 7)
Receive The Ledger don't blame ue,
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription whioh la printed on
the same label containing your ad-
Within tlio last few years a great
many Important advances havo been
mado at modern coal planta In tho
uso of concreto for buildings, shaft-
lining walla and constructions Inside
of mined.
Tho nppearanco of tho up-to-dato
plant la wonderfully lmprovod, with
Ita concreto mtho buildings, consisting of tho powor plant, hoist-house,
repair shop, mlnor'i bath-houao, fan*
houso, aupply-houae, powder-houeo
and otitifdo stable. Theso fire-proof
structures, with rein-forced walle, concrete floors and -cement r«of«0T«rlng,
nm parmnnani, and Involvo llttlo or
Billiard and
Pool Parlor
Two BilHnrH Tnble*
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley
*■*(-, ""7
t tj
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing GoM Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.   ,
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
* attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
P. Carosella
Wholesale JUiquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries,'Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings,
Monls that taste liko
mothor used to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Orafton, Proprietor.
Beware of
Sold on the
1 Merits of
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
. and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
■       Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazeiwood Buttermilk
Viotoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C. <     Phone 34
For our Foreign Brothers
Nel West Virginia, la terra sacra
al dispotiamo dei haroni del carbone,
contro i minatori schiavl si ribellar-
ono un anno fa, si i§ conclusa la pace
con parziale vittoria degli scioperanti.
Ma a qual prezzo venne consegulta
questra larva dl vittoria!
Conoscete voi, lettori operai,- la
dolorosa storia di peonagglo "dei
minatori del West Virginia? Sape-
te voi dello sfruttamento esoso, degli
abusi .inqualificabili osati dai padroni
di miniere in danno dl Queri servi
rimasti per lunghi anni docilmente
rassegnati e divisi? Coftoscete il
motivo fondamentale per eui il cap-
italista si oppone all organizzazione
degli operai? Le stesse cause che in-
dussero i minatori del West Virginia
ad innalzare II vessillo della ribelli-
one, indurrano, anche se loggermente
attenuate, i lavoratori del mondo inti-
ero a rihellars alio sfruttamento di
ogni padrone. I 1 domlnlo deH'uomo
dovra cessare.
Le condlzioni sotto cui I lavoratori
del West Virginia erano costretti a
lavorare senza .tregua e senza rimun-
erazione erano cosl orribili da persua-
dere quel minatori che era meglio
morlre di fame di freddo nonn lav-
orando piuttosto che contlnuare ad
agonizzare sotto il giogo orfendo.
• Quel minatori non solo orano det-
ermlnati a moire dl fame e di freddo
in un collo lero famiglle piuttosto che
rlpiegare il capo sotto il tallone inqu-
istorlale; ma hanno anche dimostrato
coi fatti di essere pronti a difendere
col piomho i loro. dirittl.
Le privazionled i patimenti sofferti
da quel minatori per lunga seri di
anni possono solo t,paragonarsl,~ per
l'intennsita, - all'eros'mc dimostrato
nell'anno di aspra battaglla or ora
La prepotenza omiclda sostanziatasi
in assassin! di nomini, donne e bambini per mano di sicari assoldatl dalle
corporazlonni, in legTgi marziali, stati
d'assedio, condanne, incarceramenti,
non valse' a plegare quei forti minatori. Certe' cause • producono certi ef-
fetti. E Bene sapevano i lavoratori
3el West Virginia che una sconfitta
avrebbe significato per loro eterna
schiavitu, - Ed erano percio piutiosto
dispostl' a moirie che "a sottomettersi.
. uale lezione possiano noi trarre da
questa lotta? E se la trarremo sap-
remo noi approfittarne? La nostra
condotta nel vlcino' futturo sara la
risposta.    .      \
Giova pertanto notare che la lotta
comhattuta nel West Virginia non §
che un piccolo episodio dela lotta universale che si sta combattendo
ovunque un muscolo si contrae a pro-
durre per altri. Noi operai dobbiamo
prepararei fin da ora per essere pronti
al **.nostro* post'o, nell'ora dell'azione..
I capitalisti, forti delle rlcchezze
da. noi prodotti, somo perfettamente
organlzzati e la loro organizzazione
non conosco stupldi confini di patri
e dl nazionaiita La cooperazione e la
solidaristi dei padroni somo internaz-
ianoli. I lorro mezzi di offesa e di
difesa non soffrono limitazioni. I
capitalisti dispong&no d! fucili, cannon!, mitragliatrici, arsenalie soldatl.
Noi dovremmo copiare esattamente
quello che fanno. 1 capitalisti. Dovr-
remmo unircl senza dlstinzionl di
nazidnallta e di razzo ed adoperare
tutti i mezzi di offesse di difesa che
possono venire a nostra disposizione.
I capitalisti uniti non possono reggere
all'urtodei proletarl uniti.
Gli scioperi che" si succedono con
insolita frequenza non sono che guer-
rlglie di poche avanguardie precor-
rltrici della grande lotta finale. Le
sconfitte subite sono episodi precari
della lotta. II malcontento delle masse non si spregne con una scofitta,
cost come Pincendio non si spegne col
petrolio.   -
Operai, all'opera! Organizziamoci
prepariomocl! ■■
Ely, Nov., 4 Giugno.1913
Strength of Labor Unionists
in Nineteen Countries
According to the report of the International secretary of trade unions
central office the number of-members in ,the nineteen- different countries which are connected with the
said'central office was, for the year
...Qermany       3,061,002
England       3,010,346
United States     2,282,361
Prance :    1,029,238
Italy 709,943
—Austria—tt  496;263™r
Holland        163,679 v
Belgium         92,735
Denmark         128,224
Sweden,       116,500
, Switzerland           78,119
Hungary           95,180
Norway          53,830
Spain        '  80,000
Finland         19,640
Rounmanla            6,000
Servia            8,337
; Kroatia-Slavonia            8,504
.  Bosnia-Herzegovina ...        5,587
This compared with tho previous
year, means an aggregate increase of
about 1,500,000 raemhers,,,th3 greatest
increase coming from England and
tho United States, with 570,000 mem-1
hers In each country. In Germany
there were 200,000 moro members than
ln the previous year, In Italy, Belgium,
Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, and
Roumania there was a docronso In
number of members. Of tho aggregate of the different nations' members
0,900,995 were attached to tho national contros.   * ,*
Some interesting accident statistics
have been compiled by the Chamber
of Commerce of Rochester, N. Y., with
results which may surprise many people. The classification is of 100,000
accidents for which several causalty
insurance companies have paid out
$7,455,568. Heading the list, as might
be expected, are the travel accidents,
with a total of 29,726, of which 24,936
were railroad; 4,356 street car, and
434 steamboat and steamship. accidents; but the type of accident to
come second—that of falls—is distinctly surprising, the total being 18,-
these,, 8,222 were falls on the pavement and 1,946 falls from chairs and
ladders. Accidents having to do with
carriages, wagons and horses came
third, with a total of 8,135, while the
number of automobile accidents
among this particular 100,000 was
1,6620, or about iy° per cent.
It ls likewise interesting to note
that 209 ofthe accidents were caused
by tripping over doormats and rugs,
that there were 4,217 cases of fingers
crushed In various ways, 2,969 burns
and scalds, 2,877 athletic accidents,
681 bathing or drowning accidents,
but only 579 gunshot wounds.—Popular Mechanics.
toria aud ask for ieave to import
Chinese for railway work, and he
puffs out his chest, which he is fond
of doing, and declares that the law
prevents his acceding to the request,
but never stating that the law >as
passed in 1901-2, and the News-Ad-j
vertiser and the Colonist have another chance to print his picture.
"Is it not peculiar that this Mc-
Bride-Bowser government which is
always talking about a 'white British
Columbia' has never put one single
enactment on the statute books for
that'purpose? Large' areas of tiie
public lands have been potlatched out
to the friends of the Conservative
party, but in not a.single agreement
has there been any restriction against
the use of Chinese labor.. By far the
greatest: portion of the timber of the
country has been given away, but in
no agreement is there any proviso
prohibiting the use of Asiatics.
"In the millions of acres of coal
lands which have been given to Mackenzie and Mann and other friends,
there has not been a single line about
'a white British Columbia.' While the
Liberals were in power at Ottawa, the
provincial government passed two
Natal acts, which' were disallowed,
but the Conservatives have now heen
in power at Ottawa for two years, and
there had been no attempt to re-enact
the legislation which tho wicked Liberals vetoed; but instead the number
of Chinese has doubled in the province in the past three years."
Turning to the financial depression,
as illustrated by the laying off of men
by municipalities to the south of Vancouver, Mr. Williams asked why thc
municipalities should not b*e" treated
as well as Mackenzie and Mann.
"When those gentlemen are in tight
street they come to the government
and get all that they want, either
from their friends at Victoria or at
Ottawa, and they use the money, not
for railway construction, but for gobbling up one industry aftercthe other.
Money is Diverted
"The government tells us that it
has a large surplus ln the treasury.
Why does it not use it in loans to the
municipalities Instead of giving il to
Mackenzie and Mann, or in building
automobile roads? Would it not be
better to spend the money in roads in
Burnaby and South Vancouver than
in building roads.*.* for motorcars in
Jasper or Strathcona - parks? This
government has skinned the municipalities of their revenues, it has
forced on them the expense of the
schools, and now it diverts their
money for useless purposes in out-of-
the-way districts, whilst the workers
of the province are thrown out or
woYk. The money is, being gobbled
up by Bowser for his party machine
whilst the people starve.
"What can you expect from the
near forty spineless shrimps of o L0-
and-15-cent politicians who sit in the
house at Victoria and do the bidding
Suicide or Fight
."An epidemic of suicide," says the
daily press, commenting upon the
alarming number of persons who have
chosen the short route out of an industrial hell during the past few
■weeks throughout Western Canada.   v
But after all, it is not more strange
or certain than an epidemic of fever
where no sewerage system obtains or
the first principles of sanitation are
not adhered to, as in railway construction camps.
As a matter of fact there are thousands of unfortunate men and women
seeking job, penniless and in many
cases in a strange land and being without "money, are, needless to say, without friends.
After being turned out by the landlord or boarding house mistress, and
having made a day-after-day dillgennt
search for a chance to sell themselves
to a boss on thc installment plan, the
outlook becomeB gloomy.
An attack of the "blues," sometimes referred to by juries as "temporary Insanity," follows, and the victims mentally ask themselves:
"What's the use?"
To the men it oftlmes resolves itself Into a choice of sudden death or
a slow process of starvation with all
that that Implies.
To the woman it may mean a choice
between becoming a plaything for
young rich-bloods In a house provided
by society for the, selling of their
bodies, or death.
Who can know "the mental agony
suffered by the suicide previous to the
time wheu they, resolve "to end it all?
How many of us would be too cowardly to face such a situation?
In a world  dominated by human
hyenas and    grasping    corporations,
seeking only to enslave men, women
and children, is it any wonder there '
are suicides?
On the contrary/is it not a seventh
wonder there are not more of them?.
If it were not for the bulldog tenacity of the race prepetuation instinct
within our kind, especially among tne
working class, fewer persons would
stay with the bitter struggle for
Captalism breeds all sorts of methods of securing a living, as every
police court and social institution on
earth amply testifies. Almost every
married wage-worker in every industrial center nowadays is compelled to
resort to all manner of means to make
ends meet, from taking in the proverbial "roomer" to washing dirty
And what the single men ami- women do to earn a living is well known
to every tenant of a modern boarding
house or apartment;
The fount from which it all springs
is the labor market, and so long as -
men and women consent to make a
commodity out of their very life force
—ability to work, labor-power—the
sad story will be a continued one.
The organized labor movement is
the one buttress against the grinding forces of capitalism, and upon its
growth and education depends a good
deal of what the future has in store
for mankind.
None can save the working class except tho working class,
If ever there was a time for unionists to take a fresh grip and determinedly fulfil their age-long mission that time is now.
Be a live one.
Refuse to suicide!
Fight!— B.  C.  Federationlst.
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
CLAIR :-.' Proprietor
of McBride and Bowser? They care
not what happens to the people so
long as the party machine works well.
It's time for a change. Clean them
out."    (Cheers.)—Vancouver Sun.
In the Los Angles city election last
weok Frod C. Wheeler, the well-known
union carpenter, was elected to tho
City Council by tho Socialists, Tho
contest for Mayor wns between Judge
H, H. Rose, a liberal In politics, and
John W. Otis and Big Biz, Tho Socialists lined up solidly for Roso, who
was elected hy a majority of 8,000.
Large Airy Rooms &
'   Good Board
Mackenzie and Mann
Rulers of Province
Says B.C. Member
Parker Williams Declares Heads of
Canadian Northern Havo Provincial Government Tied Ilody and
Ross & Mackay *w
List of Locals District 18
NO. NAM I! 8B C. and P. O. ADDRRE88
uanKAeaa......,...,, k Wfleatley, liankhond, Attn.
Ikuttn- Vuv}.,  Wui, in.* it, BuMut Vtunt, via i'luchor, Alta.
Bollovuo James Burke, Box 36, Bollovuo Alta.
Watrmoro  W. L. Evans, I)lalrnto»e, Alio.
Btirmlfl  T, Q. Ilarrloa, ras»burg, Altn.
Carbondnlo........... J. Mltcholl, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
Cttikuusu , ht i>, iii'f.ciiun, •tSmntibio, Ml*.
Coloman,....,,.,,.,. W. Graham, Coleraanj'Alta.
Corbin,.. .,,,. J. JonoB, Corbin, B. C.
Chinook MlnoB....... W. R. Huuhoi, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alt
Diamond City J, B, Thornhlll, Diamond City. Lothbrlduo.
Fornlo,,,..,.,,, Tho* Uphill, Fornle, D. C,
Prank., .,,...,.. Bran Morwn, Frank, Alt«.
Hosmer W. Balderatono, Hosmor, B, 0.
HIllcrMt.  ,Ya»,  Oordon, Wllnmnt, Altn,
Lethbridge ,,..,..,... U Moore, 1731 Sixth Avenue, N. Lothbrldgo.
LohbridKO Collieries.. Prank Barringham, Coathurtt, Alu.
Maplo Loaf  T. Q* Harries, Fassburg, Alta.
Michel M. Barrel!. Michel, D. C,
Monarch Mine........ Wm. Hynd, Elean P. O., Taber, Alia.
Paasbor*........,.... T. O. Harriet, Pa/nbar*, Alfa.
Itojml View.......,',,. Ooo. 3odan, Royal Collieries,Ulhbrld«e, Alta
Taber  A Patterson, Taber, A1U
That tho coal situation In British
Columbia was going to got vory much
worso boforo It got hottor was tho
prediction mndo recently by Parkor
Williams, M. P. P., In n flpooch delivered in tho Dominion theatre, In
which ho racked tho McBrlilo government foro nnd aft, for Iti policy of
handing ovor tho resources of Iho
province to monopolists.
At tho out sot, hy roquoHt, ho explained tho situation In Iho coal mino*
of Vancouver island, pointing out
that, nine months ago, 1,501 miners ut
Ladysmith and Cumberland got Into
a tangle with the company oyor working conditions, and whon tlio company
rofusod to talk huslnoss, tho 1,G00 men
took tho only remedy In thoir handii—
they stopped work.
"Tho minors went to tho provincial
government tttiu annua ior au enquiry
loin nwhlnj/ con All J on w, .oil She)'
found'that government'"bo tied, hodlos.
bones and soul, to Mackenzie and
Mann, that thoy could do nothing for
tho workers. Thon thoy Appealed to
tho labor department at Ottawa, but
ihat government was so husy trying]
to send millions of tho people's money
to be spent on ships of war outside
of Canada that thoy, too, refused to
do anything, or at least did nothing
to offend Mackonzlo and Mann. Tho
provincial government win so busy
talking about a white HrltlBh Columbia and Ignoring the employment of
y«Uuw Ulwr In the minm that the
miners of Cumberland and Udystnith
appealed to their brothers Ia N'anaimn,
Wellington and Jinglopot to help
them, and help tbem they did."
Wort* Condition
"I am. uvula Uw»..(npmeUta thtit
before the strike sltostioa get* better
it U likely to get a good deal worse,
and thnt two or throo things may hnp-
pon, which will cripple tho wholo Industry of British Columbia unlcas thu
companies hack down. You pooplo of
Vancouver may suffer, hut If you do.
It will bo tho prlco of your Indlfforonco
Inst winter to the rociuosta mndo to
you by tho mon on tho island who
asked for your .help In scouring'ante
conditions of working,' and you will
have'to pny tho penalty."
Mr, .Williams doclnred that Sir
Richard McBrldo, who drew $0,000 a
yoar ns mlnlstnr of mines, owned It to
tho pooplo to hoo to It that working
conditions wore mnde fair, hut moro
than that tho government, as tho
tmstoo of tho pooplo, nhould son to it
thut the men who had boen given the
conl oroas worked them and did not
hold thorn to tho loss of tho public
"Thia Tory aggregation at Victoria
—the vory worst British Columhia
haa ever had and who can not bo
chase.!] out too soon, aro too oloso to
.\i.ncM'ii/u) and iMiMiti tor the good nf
llx.' ju>;.U\"
Vint talking up the pramlnr's boast
[that his government stood for "A
White British Columbia," Mr; WIN
liams declared that whilst Sir Blrh-
i»rd was »hu« footing his horn, hn wis
doing nil in hi» power to aid the Immigration of Chinese into the province. "Thero are today," ho said,
"twlco as many Chlnoso employed ih
the mines as thero wero a year ago,
and this by tho aid of the apodal police of yowr local member, W. 3.
Browser." tHoots nnd cries of shame.)
This government boasts of the legislation on ih-a ttUiutts book which pre- \
vents the employment of Chinese on
Concrete in Mine
(Continued from Page 6)
duced  by  tho  displacement  of   the
roof strata.   They are:
First:—Tho rectangular section,
supporting 'T'-beams on concrute
side-walls and covering with reinforced concrete slabs, having a thickness
of threo or four Inches. Tho doptli ol'
boom ls usually six or eight Inches
Cor single track span, ancl from twelve
to eighteen inches for that of double
track, the size and weight of beams
selected depending upon iho nature
and condition of the roof, I hnvo
placod the beams on 4-foot centers,
covorod with slabs two foot In width.
Second:—The poured concreto
arch, with concreto sido walls.
Third:—Tho   concrete   block-arch,
which is composed of plain concrete
blocks previously  moulded  In steel
forms, with Joints cut on truo radial
linos.   Tho blocks are laid up in tho
nrch-crown from' each sldo-wnll with
cemented  joints,  nnd aro  supported
on a light-frnmo tomplato until tho
koypleco  Is  placed nml  ono soctlon
of tho ring Is completed.   Provisions
Is made in    moulding   to    provide
blocks of dlfforont lengths for hronk-
Ing of joints on tho alternate courses,
Hlonlrs  six   Inchffl   think   for  slnglo,
nnd  olglit, Inches  for double,  track
Bpans, and about 18finches long, mnko
u L'onvuulont. size  for tho men  to
handle,   This method of nroh construction saves considerable cost over
that of tho solld-pourod soctlon; for
It eliminates,, tho cost of expensive
forms nnd timo necessary   for   thn
transporting ond placing of the wot
mixture   Tho rectangular section In
convenient at hack of shaft, whoro
It is necessary to provldo clearance
room for empty cnr-llft ond whoro
going up Into the roof with nn arch
of largo span would provo expensive,
Tlio poured-arch section Is gonnrnlly
adopted for a dlstnnco of from 10 to
15 foot t}ti each sido of tho shaft, tho
work connecting into nnd supporting
tho shnft walls.   Tho continuation of
arch, with cone'rolo block construction' for the ntnln landing and empty
run-nrounds, mnko an Idoal and fire-
nvpcf  fi1.'.:'.?'  V: "y :'.:.    Vi,   "■:■ ;■;;;;.;,:;.'
work   Irndrtn  w«    bnvo      thn    mine I
stablos, Including tho stnlls nnd feed j
boxes, pumps and motor rooms, over, j
tssitf snd stoppings,   constructed   of
concrete; tills materia! being ospodal-
ly sultahlo whoro on olr-tlght sen] .wl
ttitiii   ji)!*   i*   m'.Ctt.BAA'O,      Urtl      Cttih'iVtV
grout completely filling all crevlro.
Bore-hoios nro mado secure and
permanent with cement lining, tlio
pipe casing being subject to rust
from mine gases or thn discharge of
sulphur water.
Wherever poaalhto. M wooden
•tructurea In the mine should he replaced, with concrete, th" mr*' mti-
stantial and ono of the best known
fire-proof materials. By Its uw «ho
great danger of   disastrous   mine?*
.Notice is hereby given that a Dividend at the rate of Seven per cent.
(7 ) per annum.upon the paid-up Capital Stock of this Bank has been
declared for the three months ending the 31st May,'-1913, and the
same will be payable at «itB Head Office and Branches   on   and   after
Monday, June 2nd, 1913. _The_Transfer_BookB-wlll,he-cloBed-from~the-
17th. to the 31st May, 1913, hoth days . inclusive.
The Annual Meeting of the Shareholders of the Home Bank of Canada
will be held at the Head Office, 8 King st, West, Toronto, on Tuesday,
the 24th day of June, 1913, at ,12   o'clock  noon.'
By Ordor of tho Board,
Toronto, April 16th, 1913. General Manager.
It ls tho Intention at the above Meeting'to submit for tbe consideration and approval of the Shareholders a By-Law to authorize the Increase
of the Capital Stock of the Bank to {5,000,000.'
FERNIE        :: :: ::        B.C.
" I Grow Hair, I Do
Foe-Similes qf Prqf, Geo, A. Garlaw
1 mm, •
llnlil nt "JH Iti'Htmi'il at IIO.     Ktill havi* it nt '..'i
Young Man, Young Woman, Whioh do you profor.
A NICK'PlM,!, IIH.U.TUV lionit of Imlr tin a ch-nn nnd honl thy n«nlp. trt'i*
trout Iri'ltatiuu, or u buhl Uuiul and u iIIhuuhhiI and Inlluhlo scalp covorml
with HciiUm, cfiimnonly callo-d Dandruff,
NCAMW O.V THII NOAM1 or an Itchy Irritation Ih jiohIIIvo pi-nof'your Imlr
and scalp. Id In a dlnmiHnd condition, na hciiIu Rominrmlynillftd Dnndruff,
itrlKlnntuN from niw of tlm fnllowlnKl'iiruMlclfil l)l*«mn'H of tho .Capillary
OlnndH, Hiioli na (Hchorihcn, Hlccn, OiipltlM, Tettflr, Alopucla, or Kxcwnn)
and C'«rtfiln to n-Hiili In utiKolute Imidni'NH unlcinn eurml hcforn tliu Knnn
Iiiih thn i*nidi In ry OlnndH rtwdroyod, IIiiIiIiiomh mid iln> lo»m of Imlr (it uii-
unlntidy iinnocuMniiry nnd vnry .iiiilifcomlrm.
.11,1, IMNI'MNMN OI-' THU Il.tlll fado nwny llk«< d«w under my nr.lontlflo
iri'iiliiii'iil, mitl I ptmlilidy lmvo I Iio only syMmiv of ir<'ntmi>n't no fnr
known to moIcik'h thut Ih piiHltlvoly,* nnd iwinunontly ourlriK dl*i>nnuii
of llm lifilr nnd proinotlnK »"w Kt'owtli. Tlio Imlr cnn hn fully rcHtorcil
to Hn nutuiitl thlfl<in»HH nnd yltnlliy on nil IumuIh thai MID nhow fine Imlr
or fnzn to prove tho rout* urn nut dtoul.
I IIAVIJ A I'MHPKCT KVHTWM of trefitment for out of th.- city pcopli-
who cnnnoi romo'to mo for powoiutl triiiimcul (WJtITI. TO-DAV> for
«iiii'Htlon tilimk nnd full inulli'iilarn. KucIoki. Mump nnd mention UiIm
|iui»(tr, My prices nnd tentm lire roiiKomitiK" My cure* nre poNlttve nnd
1   "Consult tho Hunt and I'i'oilt hy L-5 VmitK rivictlml Kxiieiltmeo."
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
The World's Most Scientific Hair and Scalp SficcMitt
oniaiNAL-j Qg^
railway work, but they do not tell.
you that that legislation was passed *Tmi 0«nKcr m   «*n»n»»«»-»    >-
Ioar before th«y came Into power.        f,M,« cau,e«1 ^ th» Isnltltlcm of dry
.... timbers, are laasenod. »nd the high
law Aoalriit It
"atr rUctuutt JtcBrttte h a. alultua
for atirertiilng.  Ewy now tnd then
he geta some one to to over to Vic-
•tandard of the mino Is increase:! hy
thu uumW ol it* conuwlw »ii«W>
urei.yni« coal and Coke Operator
and Fuel Magazine.
A ilfpoi.it of one dollar it »uflirienl to open a saving* account
V«Uh tl.e I [..ui* tU*,.U.    Ti,.*..'. arc ,,,.>i,y l..in.',,f .It uf |>fu»[H;ruus
*«vlng» account* In th« Hitm* Hank that *tart^J from an orijfin.it
Pull Ciimpuuml iriterra Allowed. „,,
deposit of one lio'.'.hi
»tfcD Of/ICf •XI*
J. T. MACDONALD, Managror
viotoria avi.,        -:-        *>        r*.nmt.».o. PAGE EIGHT
i :■
•ii' "
This Month.
Saturday Hat Specials
June 21st, 1913
Straw and linen hats in great variety of styles
for men and boys will be shown in our window
for Saturday selling.
All this season's blocks in the newest straws are
here for your inspection.
Children's straws ranging in price from
     25c to $1.25
Children's Linens ranging in price from
    35c to     .85
Men's straw sailors ranging in price from
 $1.50 to   6.00
Men's linen hats ranging in price from
    50c to .1.50
Men's Panama hats, new in stock, in a good
variety of styles and quantities, ranging in price
from ■ 7.50 to 20.00
If you want a Panama, see us, we. have the
genuine article at the right price.
Children's Dresses
Children's Dresses—Priced attractively; an exceptional showing of children's Gingham, Cham-
bray and Print Dresses in long and short sleeves,
plain and fancy. The color range is complete and
the sizes, two years to fourteen years.   Prices,
85c to $3.50 each.
° -,
Clearance price on Ladies' Trimmed Hats—any
Trimmed Hat in the house, $5.00; former values up
to $10.00.
Ladies' Cotton Hose in black only, made with
high spliced heels and toes and fast colors. , Saturday special, two pairs for 25c,
Ladies' Long Silk Gloves in black and white made
of extra quality silk and full 24 inch button length.
They are finished with double tips, all sizes—
per pair, $1.25.
Great June
Will continue until
JULY 1st
$15.00 the Suit
Shoe Department
A Shoe for the Summer
Hare you .erer wished for relief for
tired and sore feet, during the hot weather? Ever wished for a shoe that you
could put on and wear all day and forget
that you were wearing shoes at all 1 If you'
want that kind of a shoe, we have them.
The "INVICTUS" Shoe for men.
REFRIGERA TORS at 20 per cent.
Reduction for Saturday and Monday only.
Our Grocery Specials
Saturday, June 21st
Government Creamery Butter ..2 pounds for   .75
Two in One Shoe Black , 2 for   .25
Gilt Edge Liquid Shoe Drawing ..,.; 20
Quaker Oats, 5 pound'package with China ..   .20
Krinkle Corn Flakes .'.  .4 for   .25
Shredded "Wheat Biscuits 10
Canada First Evaporated Milk per doz. 2.45
Braid's Best Coffee 2 pounds   .85
Fry's Cocoa y2 pound tins   .25
Castoria  .\ per bottle   .25
Talcum Powder per tin   ,20
Canned Peaches, 2 pound tins 2 for   .25
Evaporated Prunes, 80-90  3 pounds   .25
Upton's* Jam, 5 pound pails 60
Dal ton's Lemonade .2 bottles   .25
Lard, 3 pound pails   .55
Sherriff's Marmalade 4 pound tins   .60
Quaker Pork and Beans, 3 pound tins... 2 for   .25
Japan Rice 4 pounds for   .25
Heinz Tomato Soup 2 tins   .25
Special Blend Bulk Tea  3 pound 1.00
Tomatoes, 2 pound tins 2 for   .25
Gold Standard English Malt Vinegar.. .quart   .25
Old Dutch Cleanser   3 tins   .25
Fresh Apples  5 pounds   .25
Soft Drinks 3 bottles for   .25
$15.00 the Suit
Place Your Order Now
Place your orders with us early for Preserving Strawberries. "We will supply the
celebrated Kootenay Lake berries, which
will pack at least twenty per cent more
than American fruit.
.Money-Saving Prices
Mr. J. A. Foster, of Lothbrldgo, and
Mr, R. Levitt, of BelUvtio, were ln
Fernie Thursday, acting aB tallers iu
tho District election.
All Odd Follows and visiting brethren are asked to bo present at tho
lodge room next Wednpgday evening
Refreshments and entertainment will
bo provided aftor the regular- business.
Tho usual- success attended "the
muBicalo glvon by tho Ladies' Guild of
Christ Church on Thursday evening,
and for the result Miss Alexander and
Miss Pymm aro to be commended. Mr,
Slrams also rendered valuable assistance,
Tho Ancient Order of Foresters will
moot In Aeilo'H Hall on Sunday, tlio
22nd, at 4 p. m.
' Mr. A. IV Soalo, tlio onorgotlc or-
Banister for iho Owls Socloty, was in
town today. Considerable buccobh
flowns to have attended liis efforts
down tho Pass nml somo 7fi0 mombors
havo put through ln Coloman, TUalr-
moro and llollevue. Mr, Scalo will bo
ln HoBinor tills wook ond organizing
On Sunday evening at about six
o'clock the fire bell tolled its warning and th© brigade rushed to a fire
at P. Bean's house, but damage to
the extend of $150 was done before
the brigade got flames under control.
On Thursday, a fire at Messrs. Hix-
on and Ferguson, caused, it is said
by a gagoline torch igniting paper,
which falling on some oakum started a
blazo sufficient' to call out brigade,
Tho loss was covered by Insurance.
Blaze No. 3 was in an unoccupied
house in the Annex owned by Jo©
Grafton. If ls thought the fire was
caused by children playing with
matches. Tho citizens put ln somo'
good work with emorgency hoso boforo brigade arrived.
On oach occasion tho brigade showed commendable smartness in turnn-
Ing out and getting water on blazo.
.'Parents are warned that a number
of children havo lately boon In the
habit of Jumping on and off a rent
Northt.rn triilns In motion and havo
committed petty thefts frpm cars In
tho fl, K, ynrds. Tho railway and city
;iiiilhorltI(!H 'Intend to tako notion
against any future offenders of this
A resident of tho Annex sendBUs
the following appreciation of a carpenter working near the scene ' of
Wednesday's flro:
"I was very .much expressed with
tho coolness, courage and lndlfferonio
displayed by tlio carpenter working
about 70 foot from tho scono of today's flro as liis hammer waB kopt
busy,, despite the noise ot flro brigade
as woll as n crowd of excited peoplo
and waH only seen to pop his hoad In
vlow aftor tho brigade had rottirnod
to its quarters.
Ho must bo ft conscientious workman.   J. A. P."
Tho wrestling bout at tho A. A. ti.
(Iiiogram'B) waB a short but, whilo It
lasted, sharp affair. Hughes (of
Flagntono) who cthlmnd a -string of
honors, mado n vory poor hIiow with
Pat Connolly nnd tlio latter had no
troublo ln disposing of him In twelve
minutes. , Hughos wbh outclassed In
every way and from Btart to finish
novor looked llko winning. A four
round preliminary was put on whu
TJrvtiSi ;,..;) MtAAji-jjAu},, hvih t>I Pernio, nu a curtain ralsor.
Vancouver Offers
Strike Mediators
,,i ii
11, tl
chargo l>eln« drunk and disorderly.
Alex Smith, for appropriating what
wasn't IiIb, will receive steady employ-
mont fe/r 1 months In tho salubrious
neighborhood of Nelson.
,1m, Tiffttiny, fnr iislrijnf TariKiintf *>»«t
ls not recognized In polite society,
paid $10 nnd costs.
Sandy Tiirnbnll paid $10 -and cost*
for disorderly conduct, while Jo*. Sinn-
house for the chargo at drunk nnd
dlsordoly. escaped with & Hoo of 1*5
aiwl etutii.
To tho Offlcors of tho District
Executive Hoard of District No. 18
M. M. W. of A.
flontloriinn: Tlio following re«olu-
lion was adopted unanlmouHly at tho
n*KiiInr mooting of Local Union 21151!,
I'nssliurg, on tlm Ifith Instant.
Whereas our Vlc«-Pro«ldftrit and
District Rocrotnry Treasurer, ,T. o.
.Touch and A. J, Carter acted In (ion-
Junction with tlio District President
iu tho last provincial election in-< Al-
Whnronw, Wf, T.nfnl 9,3M!, !ir>llovm
that It wns n deliberate attempt to
ditirupt organised labor at a tlmo
whon all tlio forces of labor should
havo boon* directed at. tha only goal
of tho working class (Emancipation)
an it tit/i yaiit',, •ii.'iiit'i'tvy.ri,
Therefore, be it Resolved that wo,
Local Union 23152 rocnll J. O, .Tones
and A. J, Carter and appoal to othor
locals throughout tho District to attend to thoir boat Interest and to recall those two officers immediately
in nccoriliiiifti with our T>Utrk;t Constitution,
j    And be- it further Resolved tinn a
copy of tho abovo resolution ho for-
! warded lo the   District   Ledger for
I publication.
Yotira Fraternally,
luos. 0. iiAitnircs
VANCOUVER, Juno 16.—Tha Van-
couver Board of Trade has officially
offered its services as mediator between the striking miners on Vancouver Island and the mine owners, and
P. Stockott, NanaImof and E. Coul-
communications woro forwarded to \V.
son, Cumberland,' representing tho
mino managements, and Frank Farrington, representing tho International Mino Workers' Union, to that effect.
Tho board hns also advised tho premier, Sir Richard McBride, of its action.
The board proposes to offer the services.of Its arbitration committee here
towards settling tho dlsputo or towards the appointment of an arbitration board to adjudicate all mattors Involved In tho dispute, with the Idea
of securing an early return to work of
the'mon now out on strike.
Thp board operates under, a federal
charter, and Is governed by a council of fifteen members elected annually, and of this council the twolvo re-
cnlvlnng the largent number of votes ls
tormod tlur arbitration beard of the-
Iiv the communications sont to the
opposing " Interests; It Was said that
Vancouver, bolng one of the InrgOBt
coiiBumorB of tho Island coal, tho business IntoroBtB of this city woro naturally very anxious for a statement, It
was pointed out that neither the mino
workorB nor oporators hart suggested
tho action, but that tho board of trade
was Btlmulatod by the donlro for tho
wolfaro of this city.
The Diamond Coal Co.'b mine at
Diamond City has closed down and It
is unlikely that operations will be resumed until fall, according to Lethbridge Morning News. It was also
stated that the train run on
tho company's railroad from KIpp to
Diamond City will be discontinued for tho tlmo bolng, although no
word to tkls effect has yet reached
tho local C, P. R. offices.
The.mlne when working,at full time
employs about 200 men, For the i»ast
month or bo, however, as ls the custom with the mines of the district lri
tho spring of tho year, a much smaller
number of mon than that havo been
glvon employment,    • •
The roason of the shut down" haa
not boon given out/although It ls understood thnt financial difficulties
havo something to do with It. T, Underwood, of Calgary, tho managing
director of tho company, could not bo
reached last night for a atatompnt.
Lloutonant Govornor Bulyea of Edmonton, Is prosldont of the company,
and among, tho directors aro O, F,
BtovonB nnd Dr. Clarke of Winnipeg
It Is commonly understood tliat tho
HnptlBt church in a lionvy stockholder,
hnvlng boon glvon a largo share In
tho original mino by Its founder, Rov.
Mr. Whlto, a formor pastor of tho
HnptlBt church In Lothbrldgo.
Tho Shirt Waist Dance at Victoria
Hall, Dominion night, will be ft novelty and a hummor. Good muBlo. 433-llnp
Largo crowds and big shows Boom
to rule nt this poulnr picture House,
Tlm oiiidi (ii'tii c»tt»* yiutiiwu will hi)
given tor the week-end whilo tho feature for Monday and Tuoiday Is
"Shcrldans Ride," an historical record In throo reels. Manager Millar
nwciirfo u« fhnf thl* la absolutely on*>
of the best features ovor shown, and
ls accepted by tho U. S. government
as nn anthontlc record of that historic
event, -'
Charter for above closes on July
14, and up to that date the Kntranco
Fee will 1)0 $8! contributions, $1.00
p.«r month; sickness, 110 per week;
death benefits, $100.
Meet In Aollo'ji Hull every second
and -Uilra Monday In tho month.
iMIi-np J- M. WOOD, Sec
Tho City Council met ln the City
Hall Inst evening, the Mny.or nnd all
aldermen bolng present.
It waH decided to -grant tho Mayor
a salary of $500 por annum and tho
nldermen voted fTiemsnlves *K for Mflh
Tho council decided to grant en
option to a Regina firm of brokers on
$2r,,000 of 30 yenr Debentures nt 90,
and $5,000 10 year Debentures at Dl,
„_J. ti
Unionist    Member    Brings    Forward
Measure Based on Coal Mines Act
—Agricultural Boards Proposed
LONDON, June 16.—The text of the
Agricultural Employment Boards P'll
Is published. The scheme was Introduced Into the House of Commons by
Mr. J. W. Hill, Unionist member for
The scheme ls interesting as showing the direction,in whioh a section of
the Unionist party are willing to go In
tho hope of securing a solution of the
problem or rural labor. Tho Introduction of tho bill was welcomed by Mr.
Lloyd George ln a recent spooch ln
which he appealod for a "non-party"
settlement of the agricultural question.
Tho schomo has boon framed vory
much on tho linos of tlio Coal mlnoB
(Minimum Wago) Act of last yoar. It
ls to apply only to certain "districts,"
each-of which Ib to bo a county.
Those nro net out In the first schod-'
uio as follows: Bedford, Bucking-
1mm, Cambridge, Cornwall, Devon,
Dorsot, Bssox, Hertford; Huntingdon,
Norfolk, Northampton, Oxford, Somerset, Suffolk, Wilts. It will bo soon
that Kent, Surroy, Hants, Gloucestershire, HereforBhlro, Worcestershire,
Warwickshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire .Notts, Cheshire, * and the
wliolo of tho northern- counties are
excluded. ;       ' .*..*,*"
Tho first clauso provides that "no
person ot full ago who Is omployod an
nn agricultural laborer In any .district
to which this act appllon, nnd Is not
excluded from tho'operation--'of. this,
provision shall be omployod at a lower rate of pay than tho wago rato
fixed la the manner provided by this
act for the district in which such laborer Is employed."
Then there la a provision that the
Board of Trado may make an order
applying the act to any specified district not now included, if satisfied
that ln that dlBtrlct there Is "such a
sufficient number of laborers in receipt of unduly low wages as In their
opinion to make such extension desirable," Separate boards aro to be
established in each district, or, If
necessary, ln subdivided ■ districts,
These boards are to consist of representatives of employers and of agricultural laborers In equal proportions,
to he nominated by tho Bonrd of
Trade, with an independent chairman, to bo agreed upon by such representatives, or, In default of agreement, to be appointed by tho Board of
Trado. Thoro 1b also to bo a secretary
appointed by the Board of Trade.
An employer who contravenes any
of tho provisions of tho net ls to bo
liable on summary conviction to a
flno not oxcoedlng $25 for the first
offonco, $C0 for the second offence
and $100 for ovory' subsequent offence.
Dr. Francis Lewis, Professor of
Biology in the University of Alberta,
has boon awarded a grant by tho Gov-
ornmont Grant Committee of the Royal
Bpototy, London, in aid of tho scientific expenses of an Investigation of
the coal seams and llglnlto dopOBlts
of tho provlnco of Alborta, with Bpoc-
lal roferonco to tho fossil flora. Vlslta
will be paid to all the chlof deposits
of coal and llgnlto In tlio province, and
Dr. Lowls would bo extremely glad If
managers of mines and others would
send him nny Information of nodules
from tho coal seams or mine rooffl with
any specimens which may show signs
of plant structures. '" This would
greatly faclllate the chcilce ot the most
favorable localities for work. The
specimens after investigation and determination will go to form a representative collection for the University
Injunction Restrains Cigar   Company
In Windsor From So Doing
WINDSOR, June 18,—The John Mc-
Nee & Sons Cigar Co., of Windsor, ■»
reBtralnod, by an ordor issuod by
Judgo Murphy today, from Interfering furthor with tho buelncBs of tbo
Hommetor Cigar Factory, of Dotrolt,
by taking away Its employees.
The Detroit Company brought quit
alleging that Frank Boult, formor
foreman for tho Detroit firm, had
beon persuaded to help the Canadian
manufacturers establish a now factory In Windsor.
It was alloged that ho had taken
with him valuable trado socrots, and
that ho had oncltod nwny valuod employees from the Detroit firm. ThlB
was denied by the Canadian firm, although It was admitted that many
Detroit clgnrmnkers had loft tho Hem-
motor Company to croBB tho river.
Receive The Ledger don't blame us.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription which Is printed on
the same label containing your address.
norlln numbers ovor 300,000 members of trado unions and Is said to
bo the bOBt organlzod largo city In
tho world.
Mrs. Hy. Martin gavo birth to tho
biggest bnby boy ovor born In tho An-
nos, If not In Fernie, tho child weighing at the tlmo ol birth 17 pounds,
Tho normal weight of » child la fl 1-2
pounds at birth. Drs. Corsnn and Anderson were In attendance. Mother
and child are doing well.
To secure the Special   First   July
Number   ntxt   waak.     Specially illustrated article en tha Mint Rescua
pkugkam consists Of
Pour First Class Cemedles. One Intensely interesting: Mining: Picture, One,Child Drama
"..'„'■ ; -~~,—T~**'■"
What we realty wish to tell you about Is the marvelous U. S.
Gvii Wdi Fictufc;
Accepted by the U, S. Government as an historical
record, and pronounced perfect by Civil War Veterans
•11 over the U, S,
This picture was made by the famous 101 Bison
Company, the recognized leaders in the picturing: of
historical events, and ia guaranteed to arouse enthusiasm in old and young alike,
We absolutely guarantee the picture to be the best of
its kind we have yet shown.
Don't mlas this beautiful and thrilling: picture.
This Plciur* will be shown on MONDAY and TUESDAY
vy „»


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items