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The District Ledger 1913-03-08

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The^Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W, of A.
Political Unity is Victory.
sXb: 29, V<AvVt£
$1.00 A YEAR.
Fortnightly Pay 'Important" Point of
Gohtention-Government to
take Matter Up
Vt ,
,^..v ,.The nenrXpal,Mines Regulation act
v '; ' at present "befdrfe the-legislative • as-i
'X   semWy'of the province,of Alberta is
CJ-  proving   possibly'- more   contentious
'   , than, may have been anticipated by
-,;    ihose who' were responsible for- Its
- framing.' Admitting that the commls-
"   sion consisted of representative's,,of
•,   >t* the mine operators, the>mine, workers,
and the .government, the outcome'is
' ,  , still 'far. from; satisfactory%from the
■*   ,, viewpoint ot the mine workers. '--  "\
\, - , ^ .While the attempt was made to'rush/
\   v'the,,bill through the house ^Ith "as
''y 7- little discussion as possible," and- while
A   '   the* chief mine .Inspector "lent his as-.
, .    ..sistancein that directibh, the protest's
-^l''_made by' the 'officers, of District„18,
, United Mine Workers of America; Have
at least had the effect of forcing-the
' "."government to reconsider some few
" , of. the, main points as affecting the
• - ' relationship of employers and employ-
■ ees. ..The matter also of the two week-'
'  >* ly pay biil, whictf was;Injected into'
■  •)   _ the .act as an amendment by C. M.1
-, - - O'Brien has proven to, be a';polnt of
Berlous contention on account of which
r,    ~thegovernmeht shelved, the consldera-
• 'X tion'of the act until -Monday,next. • ■
" "..* ' '"That litle change will be-made in
*-■'     the original draft goes wJthpyt. gaylng,
7"7 but that the Mine Workers are entitled
1 ■, ■ „   to' some jurisdiction - over, their own
employees and„are entitled,to choose
such employees as they see,fit Is a
statement it would be difficult toderiy;
and "especially"is this- so where' such ■
rights or Jurisdiction "would,, in no way
Interfere with'the property rights'of
the mine operators.      - '
The present draft places more discretionary power iii the hands^of the'
chief inspector, and of the minister, of
that department; but tb this there "can,
be no objection so long as that "power-
is exerted properdin the dlrectlon*bf
aaifeguarding the' lives of men. working
in~ and-.around * the mines. , There is, ■
however; nothlng.of^anew or startling
nature embodledu'pon comparison with
other existing acts.;'" ( ■ - ',',.''
- Two ponts.ttiat-may hementon'ed as
conforming with1 the requests made b'^
the Uulted AijneVWorkers,for-,a'.considerable time are .the. provisions requiring- two'eaeparate 'travelling ways
communicating, with means of. ingress
and .egress/to-every irartjof the mine
where':there •arelmore than^en men
employed, and "such'roads and outlets
will be required to be marked'on a
plan and posted at ,the mine. , :„,\ '•
Th«: act' will be further considered
on Monday next when the decision of
the' government, on the amendments
Introduced' iby; the, officers ' of-the
Mine.Workers,will be made known.
' Engineers' of Union Company's Fleet
I1   - ,"*,-Threaten";To Go,Out  A
■'"■  WELLINGTON, N.Z., Mar! 5.'—What
V-.may prove a strike of • International
importance,;,lss threatened' by( the -en-'
' gineers"of"the Union Steamship-com-
' pany's fleet,- whose vessels ply be-
> tween here'and Australia and to* Can-
■ ada and the,United States.'  Tho engineers-demand an eight hour day,'but
the company will not concede to their
,  request.     , -    , r '
Efforts have -been' made to settle
the dispute by a friendly conference
since It la \believed 'that, if a strlko
,   occurred the  trouble  would  spread.
, The Union Steamship company,boats
-run to Sitn-FrapclBCo from' Sydney
and alBo to Vancouver, B. 0.
There. was only' one, case ",of dis-
the day.*:.,;-*"""--.»     --    .;
•v-jryr ,
On Friday last, 28th February, the
officers of the Alberta Federation of
Labor took up with the premier of the
province of Alberta, matters referred
to them-by the convention ef the federation, and which included requests
for legislation protecting wage earners against employers who refused
payment on dismissal or upon leaving
employment; also amendments to the
compensation act providing for the deleting of the 30'ft. clause relating to,,
buildings, as well as to othed bars to
proceedings on account of particular
industries, .etc. In replying to their
requests the premier pointed out ho '
would consider the matters laid before him, and added that the master/3
and servants act had; at the last session, been amended to provide for the
continuation of wages Aof discharged
employees until such time as they
should be paid off. This point, however, was not made clear as'the amend;
ments referred to are only applicable
to those cases where it is proven In
court that the employee was "unjust-,
ly discharged." From the premier'?
statement one would gather that hU
government was pledged to such legislation and there,should be no difficulty-in persuading him to make the act
clear and specific in this regard.
*,        . ..   -    ^   -       i . . . ,y . •   t - x -
Officers and Delegates to Tenth Annual Convention,- District 18, U. M. W. of A., held in Lethbridge, February 17th to 22nd, inclusive
-    '      •/    ' GO UP IN„SMbKE
""TOKIO,", March 3.—Two-- thousand
houses, aimost the entire town' of Nu-
madzu,*to the south'of Toklo.^were
burned" today. These include the government buildings. There ' were 'a
number of fatalities. ,The loss is estimated at $3,5Q0.0Qp.      >   <■ >        /
3400 MORE WALK OUT        .
', .   :     .      ,    AT PATER80N
Strike of Mlll.Operativea It Extending
•-Woman Qoadt Them On
PATI0R8ON, N. 'J.,March* 5.—The
ranks of the striking silk mill operatives woro swelled today by 8400 dy-
"ora and weaverB who walked out at
Lodl, a suburb,' Tho strikers now
claim thn't approximately 13,400 workers aro out.
Under the surveillance of n, heavy
guard of pollco, Arturo Glovannlttl,
a loador of tho Industrial Workers
-of tho World, addressed a mass mooting of strikers this afternoon, ftllra-
both Q, Flynn, who wns arrostod Inst
'week In 'connection with tho strike,
urgod tho strikers to remain firm In
their demands for a minimum wngo of
|12 a woek, nn eight hour working
day and restoration to tho .''two loom"
system, - Strike leaders olalm that
many of tho 0,000 ribbon weavers om-
ployed In 00 plants In tho oity will go
out tomorrow,
LOS ANGELES,-March 5.—"A life
well spent comes'to.a man's defense
in his hour of trial," said'former Judge
O. W. Powers, of Salt' Lake City, as
he began the closing 'arguments today In defense.of Clarence,S. Darrow,
charged fpr the second time with jury
bribing in his defense, of „the McNa-
mara brothers. .
"It Is improbable," argued Judge
PowerB,.;"that a, man - of ' such high
character would suddenly bocome a
criminal.' He has lived too long for
that. Moreover,'; his acquittal horo
once on a similar, charge ls_ virtually
nn acquittal ln tho. present trial.
But the prosecution desires to crush
him because he has dared to defend
organized labor,"
Tho defense bitterly- assailed Bert
H;> Fronklln, Darrow's confidential
agent, whoso - confession of' bribery
laid the foundation for his employer's two trials. Equally merciless was
the characterization of John R. Harrington, of cunsol with Darrow In
tho MoNamara trial and later an informer against him,
Franklin „ was called , a "self-con-
Tossed criminal" and "follower of a
poop-holo profoBslon." Harrington
was a "spy Impeached by his own
conduct. Franklin wns said to havo
daolared boforo his own trial, In
which Uo was fined oxactly tho
amount of tho allogod brlbo money
found In his possession, "that ho had
nothing to foar because District-Attorney Fredericks was his frlontl."
"Fredericks will loso his standing,"
eommontod Powers, "unless lie
cliangos his friends."
Min$r Choseni-for-T^——
7 y 's-tf Wilson's Cabinet
Three Miners Were Without Food and
Soaked In Icy Water
Ex-Secfef;tary ^Wilson of ,U. M. W. A.
^s Secretary of Labor in
v New Cabinet
, POTTSVILLE, Pa., Mar. 2.—Weak.
ened by hunger and benumbed by cold
three miners who-were entombed bn
Wednesday in a colliery near Mahon*-
ey City, were rescued yesterday. Two
of them were exhausted and had to be
dragged through a small aperture
which had been made during the Iniit
ten feet of digging ln the wall wnfch
separated the men from liberty. During the 58 hours the men wnrv» Imprisoned thpy wero without food and ihui"
cu.'lilng.was soakoi! with Icy water
Ettor Refused
LONDON, March 8.—-Strikes on all
railway lines In England are throated today as the rosult of thb discharge
of Guard Richardson by tho Midland
Railroad for offensive conduct towards
a superior offlcor, Tho omploy^os1 nH-
soclntlon demands tho Immediate reinstatement of Richardson.
Crisis Expected 8oon
LONDON, March 3.--Mass meutlnw
of railway mon hold yostorday In London,- Loods and Sheffield, Stockton
nnd other centres domundnd hy resolution the (Immediate nnd unconditional
reinstatement of the guard Richardson, or n gonoral strlko. Cautious and j
rosponslblo union lenders declared,
that falling to socuro Justice for the
dismissal ol tho guard, thoy will call,
not a single but a national stoppnKn
of work by all railway employees. Tho
crisis might como In a fow days.
As regards tho unity nnd determination of tha mon, the situation Is impressed, an "Aufust, 1011, ovor again,"
WASHINGTON, March 5.—President Wilson sent the names of his
Cabinet to the Senate to day for confirmation which were as .follows:    '»
..Secretary.of Labor'  •
■ Representative William B. Wilson,
of Pennsylvania. .   <
' Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska.
'       Secretary of the Treasury
William V. McAdoo, of Now> York.
James Mcltoynolds, ot Tennessee.
Secretary of War
Llndloy M. (Jarrlson, of New Jersey.
Representative Albort Burleson, of
Secretary of the Navy
Josophus Danlols, of North Carolina,
Secretary of the Interior
Franklin K, Lane, of California,
Secretary of Commerce
Roprosontntlvo William C. Rcdflold,
of Now York,
William D, Wilson, tlio new and
first Socrotnry of Labor, In Prosldont
Wilson's cabinet, wns born In Scotland In 1802. 'At tlie iiko of thirteen
ho enmo over with his parents lo tho
Stntos whoro   he liaH rosldod   ovor
since.   In 1000, when John Mitchell' with Interest.
was president of the-U. M. W. of A,,
the national board of the organization
had occasion to remove W. C. Plorce,
who was then secretary-treasurer, from
office and Wm. B. Wilson was appointed in his stead.   This position ho occupied for eight years when ho decided to oppose Thos. h. LowlB for the
presidency,   Wilson was defeated by
a small majority.   At the time ho wns
appointed on the International executive ho was secrotary of District 2
(Contral Pennsylvania),   Ho had boun
a member of Congress for three terms,
representing   the   15th   Pennsylvania
district, and for many years was chairman of tho house committee on labor,
an Important nnd responsible position.
Iio was, however, dofoatod ot tho last
oluctlon.   Wilson was ono of tho mon
who started tluj U, M, W. of A.   That
his life waB not all a bed of rosos Is
evidenced liy tho fact Hint many a timo
ho has hit tho tins wilh blanket on his,
hnek, looking for n Job   On account
of Ills'activities In union matters ho
wiih blacklisted, personilod nnd  discriminated against,     He Ih a fluent
speaker, a sound rensonnr, and popular among all sections of tho community,   Tlio npnolntment of Secrotary of
Labor Is a new experiment In tlio
I Unjtod Stntos nnd ho will bn watched
LONDON, Mar. 3.—JVhat may prove
of great significance during the present day'ot" rapid progress in .modern-
ing battleships,J when^ two or„ three
years marks-the necessity for reconstruction of the vessels and general alterations in designs, is tbe threatened
strlko of the Admiralty dockyard employees for higher wages. Should such
a strike occur there ls grave cause for
fear lest the present standard ofthe
British navy decrease,
Tlie brewing trouble between the
govornraent and the men Is threatened
both at Portsmouth and Chatham
dockyards. ' The former yard has already received a threat from tho mon
thnt unless' a higher wage Is granted
a strike will bo declared, while at
Chatham the men have demanded an
increase or $1.60 per woek.
So far no reply to these demands
lias been made by tho Admiralty, It
is, howover, recognized that the places
of tho employees would bo hard to fill
slnco tlieir work Is closely connected
with battleships only, and tho mon as
n wholo arc trusted to preserve the
secrets of these naval yards.  •
ST. .PETERSBURG, March 3.—
Woman suffrage has come under the
ban of the Russian police. At a number of meetlhgs-in" celebration of the ,,_ -
so-called "woman day;" speeches by %
suffragettes were rigorously suppressed.   In spite of this, however, resolu-
tions-wers-adopted-declaring-that-'on*- r
ly the enfranchisement of woman can
remedy the.jrilserles ofv their condltioa
in Russia."    o    "        '
LONDON, March 4.—Robert Smll-
He, president of the Miners', federation ls advocating an entirely Socialist party In < tho house of commons
and pressing for co-operation between
tho Socialists and Trade Unionists absolutely independent of either Liberals or Unionists with the carrying out
of n propagandist campaign in tho
house. i
Strikers Accept Latest Terms Offered
By Manufacturers—Get Pay
....im mt iuu ^MuiriiKj juiiway,
Told THat He Is Not Wanted In Can* | his deportation from tho Canadian Iin
ada—Was to Have Addressed       ImlrmNrtn nHiem** **t'rott,****    y? rc.       4mv ^^
MietlnflS In Coast Cltlea |«m was Riven ntenol thst TMnr '«m« ! oompnn;,' Ir s'ntr-tf Ju3Jj !,
an PRltator, and, as such, was not memorandum.    Richardson's ottltu.Ut
•vnnltd In Canada. Is said to have been off«nilv» in hte
VANCOUVER, March 4,—By direct
order* of tbe Canadian government,
Frank Ettor, I. W, W. leader, billed as
star speaker at a meeting to be held
nerti tomorrow ovenlntr, who got ncrons
Uie boundary yesterday morning en
■" route to this oity was stopped at White
Rook and dejwrtod, . Ha Is now In
Seattle, where, In an Interview faro*
(shed the press of tbat city, he declares hf* fnfunffon of appealing hia
esse to tbe minister of tho Interior.
Wfor waa scheduled lo adduiiu l*o
I. W. W. meetings at Victor^ yesterday and waa proe«*dIn* thero via Van-
eoover. Tonight ho was to burn spolr-
oa at Kanslmo. from where ho wat
to fc»T* f*i«m«! here.
Vtttnr wn* tjttnwaif tn p^m t$d Cms.
dlin boundary Ho*, tart «t White Rock
ho waa stopped and shown orders fo*
'illg Hill" l Iny wood, of the Indus,
trial Workers of the World, has boon
recalled from thn nntlnnnl wrorntlvn
oi tfte tioclnllst party of the United
Slay*, tin* uelion being tnkon follow*
Tlio I. W. W. loador, who had boon
consolidating tho organisation In So-
altle. aHiMW* that slnri* th« T W W i«
Allowed lo oxfft hero, there (s no sufficient roason for refusing him admit-
olofi to this country as a lecturer
Chief Mulhei'n, whoso authority had
been (looted In connection with tho
ease, while denying that ho had any*
thing to do with the d&«pntch««, frankly Axpretsed bis satisfaction when he
heard iho news this morning.
Tho chief said that while ho know
wrthlng agslost Wtor fc« did not wont
to ooo him In tfatwoiiver. Tha chief
btffoveo ihft agitation among tho I.
W. W. in Vancouver Is not a good
tfitutf aud La hut fvu4twully wLWfMMMtA
himself at being aggtast th* tdmlsilon
of agitators In this city.
superior officers. It Is hold thnt oral
Instructions  am   essential,   that  no
Vni****    9*    -y.^i. m*;*,*^. w tuiiUiv
vened, and that all guards have known
slnco 1909 that, by tho train control
syitefa, thoy aro to tako oral orders
from tho control office™.
The Joint committee of the men's
union will meet today.
who wore convicted nt the roront dynamite trials, Precautions were taken
to make tlio conference socrot, Ouur.lH
wero placed nl the doom and only
those who could, hIiow crodontlnls w
(IctoKiitou to the Ironworkors' convontlon wore pormlttcd to ntteiul,
Mr. (lonipurs lntor declined to innkn
ImOwn Die porccodlrnirft nxcept to sny
ho had expressed n belief that all of
the M tom»  otiiiirinrr.i *r, ,*'   ,».',1(<_1-;
prison ot Lflav-nnworth tu* «>«w<vilrnlf'r
In tho MoNnmnrn dynnmltc plots wore
Killed Pour Hours After Starting Work
A fatal accident occurred In the
Michel mines on Monday when I;en-
Jnmln Rloomflold, a driver, foil under
a londud car ln motion and was Instantly killed. The deceased wan 21
years old und hud only started work
In tho mine four hours previous to
Mk dertih. He Ih believed to have
only recently arrived from tho old
M.iintrv and Is survived by a sinter,
Mrs. Marsh, residing In Michel, lie-
was a member of the Mleliol local,
who had nil funeral arrangements In
hand, lie was burled on Thursday
iifUrnnon, Uev, Clurrlu of thn Methodic church condii«:lli« the nerviu-n.
NBW YORK, Mar. 1.—Tho garment
workers' strlko in progress horo slnco
early in January, Involving at Its
height 150,000 or moro workers, was
officially declared off Friday, Tho
workors accept tlio manufacturers'
terms which Include a raise In pay,
rovlslon of certain working conditions,
arbitration ns to hours, and tho open
shop principle.
March  Throuph   Streets  to  Demon-
jtrate Dissatisfaction With
^,'inv YORK. March i.—Ten thousand garment workers dlsHntlsflnd with
the settlement mndo with their employers Friday Inst by Mm lenders of
the recent strlko, paraded through the
Htroets today as a protest ngnlriBt the,
They Get it
Back Again
Inn a vote of the duc».p;i»lnK members j Innocent. ■ Ho snid In nddremilnir tlm
of the organization. National Seere-. iron workers delegate* ha told the men
tnry John M, Work, of tho American' he was confident tho Uniiml States
OoclallatB. Jinaunnoiinced Hint (hevftii»l<i:cuft rourl of ht>i.»"1j i-mim »-'»*>
«ii.\<wo {.ifini iiuJtuiHt lluywooil And 11,-1 new trial*. .Mr, Ryai, who revived
000 for him.      Utterances mnde by *» kei.tence of sevci >erff«, Is ran.ll-
Hnywlod In favor of direct action, the
venorsl strlko and sabotage led to
this decision.
HAMILTON, ObL, March 3.-T«ren-
ty passengers wero Injured and score*
miraculously «ac*t»4 d**«h tM«y la
Probability That They Will  Be Reelected to Offle* In inn Workers'
INDIANAPOLIS,   Ind..  Feb.   J7.T
gniM+1 r^»r*ra. pr«!d<mt of the AA-
H*rd Coal Companies Raited Prices
When Wajts Were lnerta»«1
And Then Thrv Took In tAnrr rti-u*
Thn* Times tit Much Extra
t'ate tor re-election.
fovfrnl dav<i ago w'i i\;plans for ro-j    w*«J»ris*nr«)\*  Vsi. 1.- H.irl ctil
tho wm* Of a Wabash n*i*t*Pt*r»*rintn yt^nnitlin ntf.tihir, fediy te'd
train at Cayuga, near hero today.jo tonfermto with Prank Ryan and
Wire* aro down, nnd no derails of tho i e!j(lit o«her official* of the intemstlon.
incident havo been weired. al liridce and tttractnrol Iron Workers
e'^r.i/lng the union r.eme up nt th<.
convention tho delegates decided l
defer action until Mr. dompor* ha
arrived.   Mr. Homers* pxnresston or
utuddfiivM in Hum *i prenident, John
T. Holler as vJee-prenlrJpnt. and *5u-
gene A. Clanry of R*n Franclwo; PMJ-
fp A. Cooley. Naw Orleans; If. A.
Tonng, Roslon: snd Frank (*. Wobh,
New York, as m«mb«re of th<* fs*cti-
companies l.irrea&ed thn w.tieo t.
their emploveen *t the rntt* nf itfiM*
000 a >ear by the strike agreement
of last vi»«r nnd Ineraaaed tht* pr!'"*"1
nf snthrsclte to conKijmcni |ia,l<8,.
MQ according to a report tmaed on
an Invfitlrstlon by tbo' bureau of labor, submitted to th<> hnuio lnd«v.
The report snbmltted hy fteeretsiy
N'arel Is lh# reeuli nf an fnvMtlr*.
tl\*i IkukJ. *-»» »»Ui by ih» «l»-i».«»»e« tion condoled l»v response to a house
to strengthen tbe prohaMHty that reootnflrin nshfnir for "tho element a
these men would be *>lertol The of cost und profit Included In tho
election l* aot t*|4 for Mun! dajs. present ht|h price of anthracite coal,**
An average Increase of 2d cents a
ton In 'nholcsale co(»l prices was Otn-
i-'Oetetl Mime tho strlko agreement
of but   May.      In  spite of the ttiri
iKiiit the workers benefitted about If,-
of last year and nlcreaaed the price
OflO.OftO   In   Increased   wages  during
the year, thn report adds, that "tho
recent   increased   prices   havo been
more   than   sufficient to compensate
f'lTly fhw catup,u\'.t a v»ho»«t * n*\ ut
[production hss Increaaed most rapid-
I; durlat; thu iwwul >««Hre, nnd at the
iui me time have very greatly Increased the profits of thnn rompsnler, ef
whom   thorn   are   ot   least   several
whese cost of production   either  dc-
titxtt-A or .remaiuM atatfonary dur-
ln(T rhe nanto porloil."
Tbe Increase In the wages, tho report adda, represents a raise of only
i. to 10 cents In tho coot of cost pro-
dacilon per ton.
aaamimm * ,-:jV   . JSiS,r --V.
■ t; rj^Ssapg^p-JsasFW^
■ Xt*"*"*.^!
XX' '.--<
TH1  Bellevue Hotel
Best   Accommodation   in   the   Pass.—    .    „' -*>'-.*-
Up:to-Date —  Every    Convenience.—   " ■ "   -, y
Excellent Cuisine. .'   ., '
J. A. CALLAIM, Prop.,
Capital Paid Up
nsse: ve
TK $3,?50,0:0.
Total Asset: i
The Small Depositor
SMALL depositors in
' this bank are given
, the same courteous treatment and thorough consideration that are given customers with large accounts.
The aim of this institution is to encourage systematic saving. Many a
fortune began with a
single dollar, which furnishes evidence that the
amount of the first deposit is not as important as
the fact that is a beginning. "
Every six months the
highest    current   interest
will  be  credited  to  your
Brewing Go,, Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
P. V. WHELAN, Manager.
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00-
Special Rates by.the^week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
The   finest   of .Wines,   Liquors
and Clgarsseryed by competent^
and obliging yd ine clerks.
Bar supplied with   the  best Wines,
v Liquors and Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay lrm
~rs* ♦'l*?' -2*-****
* By Robert Hunter":   -  '    -
(Courtesy of tho*-Rational .• Socialist)
Cigar Store
Wholesale and  Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sundwich
HaZv'lwMuVi Buttermilk
H   'I mmmmmmymim^mwmmmmtmmmmim^mmmi
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. G.       Phone 34
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In such  a display  of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, M tit■
ton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, KiBh, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages.
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phono 68
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horui. for Salt.
Buys Horses en Cvnmlaldn
(tofge Barton    Phone 78
A Flash of
In Just nt likely to Btrlke
tho hoimo or tho .uninsured
men na that of his more prudent neighbor. No building
Jn Immune,
Better Have
Us Insure
you tnd lmvo a lightning
cliuiso attached to the policy.
Then yon needn't worry overy
tine there U * thunderstorm.
8olo Agent for Fernl©
"A delegate to'the International Socialist Congress at Amsterdam in 1901
records tWfact.that the congress took
no Interest whatever in the discussion"
of the general strike. All the leaders'
wore in Bpecial committee formulating,
a resolution on tho compromising tactics of some of the French Socialists.
MSlloramT had entered -the • French
Cabinet, anil thnt real departure from
political class action entirely •• overshadowed tho Utopian proposition of
tho general strike. When some one
urged that tho commltteo take a recess'f ronf Its special work to deal with
the important matters before thovcon-
gross, Debel's patience, it Is suld, gave
way. "Nonsense!"' he said, "Trifles!
All Trifles! A rump (congress) can
attend to all that! This here, is tho
real Issue!"
This fairly oxpresses tho attitude
taken" by tho chief Socialists of Eu-
rope as well as the altitudo of the International congress on tho subject
of the general strike. So far as I
can discover those - Who attend the
International" trade union conferences
have not thought the matter worthy
of even a moment's discussion, while
the international' Socialist congresses
have always treated the.discussion of
the'general strike with some disdain.
At Paris, in 1889, a resolution in
favor of the" general strike was defeated after having been briefly com-
batted by Liebknecht. The later declared the general strike impossible
because to-his mind tlie working class
would never ■ attain a sufficiently
powerful cohesion, organization and
unity. The Congress of Brussels in
1891 did not discuss the matter, but
limited itself to voting a motion upon
strikes jn general, declaring them
"two-edged- swords." The Congress
at Zurich in 1893 did not take up a
resolution, which was voted in- ocm-
mittee, urging the political and economic organizations of the working
class in order to utilize if possible the ■
general strike. At London in" 1896
the Congress voted the following resolution: - "     -V
"The congress considers strikes and
boycotts are necessary weapons to—attain the objects of. trade unions. What
is immediately essential is the'thor-
jmgh„organizationi_of thajjy.qrkink,
class: as. the successful management
of n strike depends on' the strength
of its, organization "      - « *
A minority report was brought into
that congress urging that the workers
mako a study of the important'question of the general strike and that it
he considered at the next-congress.
Gucrard, a French trade unionist, declared; "On behalf'of the* minority
I wish to protest against the action
of tho majority on the economic com-
j mission, who have not once allowed
* any discussion on the question of a
{general  strike, although tho French
11 workers attach tho 'greatest impor-
jtance to th|s question. Wo know-.it
lis now tod lato to discuss It In this
'congress, but the maltor ought to bo,
j discussed Inter, Tho general strike
jls tho most revolutionary'weapon *wp
i havo.   Will   the   congress   at   least
* recommend the workers everywhere
t to study tho dotalls of the„ question
until tho next International congress
so tlmt tho noxt congress may he ln
a position to como to a defin'lto rose-
, lutlon on tho gonoral strlko," Despite
this appeal, tho congress declined'to'
adopt tho minority report, evidently
of the utter Impossibility of nn International general strike.
. „At Amsterdam, ln 1901, tho discus-
hIqji came up upon a, resolution pro-
, Hunted by the Socialists of Holland.
A special committee   was   therefore
* formed to proparo a resolution and to
presont It to the ontlro Congress. Tho
Hollanders, tho" Belgians, and tho tier-
ninns  stated  ln the  committee, that
, tho gonoral strike, If ono understands
by thnt tha' stoppngo of nil work at
a given moment, Ih ImpoHsihln, although thoy ,woro all of the opinion
that n strlko which oxtpinlml Itsolf to
Include several crnftH could, In certain
j circumstances, gain hoiiw i>olltlenl opd
or provont some reactionary nssnultH
upon tho rlghts-bf tho worltora, Tho
French nlono wero vigorous In 4holr
support nf tho general strike,' 'nnd
Ilrlancl, tho master orator and self-
styled father or tlm genernl strike,
enmo In person to capture tliO'Con*
Broun. Hrlnnd, however.' nppcnrs -to
lmvo in ml o hut little Impression, nnd
finally tho  committee recommended
! to tho CongrcsB a resolution,' part of
j which follows i   ■■
,    "Whereas  It'js ddalrnble Hint flo-
jelitllsla declare, thomsolvos upon t)io
,general strlKe, nnd
l    ' W herons tliu coiuIiuuum nuce*uury
tfar the success of nn extensive strike
aro strong organisations and the voluntary-discipline'of the workers, 'ho
International Social Congress dcftlufoH
"That the general strlko, If one
understands by thnt 'the complete
Rtoppniro of nil work nt n given moment,' in impracticable, fiocntiso such
n strike would render the existence
of tho proletariat, an of every one
•.1.-1-, lin)io*s(t>Ie."
Thin definite conclusion of the con-
trrctw did Bet>.however, pr*»»nl It
from expressing thn ballot that the
general sttlli* wl«M In time btromo
a \ory poWarfut weapon In the hands
of tb*' .^rKem,, Hot the. Congrcsg
till not accept the belief that "the
<»!Tmnelf»ikrt» oi tW *uvWlttit clvsa
could t»e Uie mutt of any sudden effort."     U,   therefore,   warned   "tho
V.4T. jX^.1:'"^  . J.*-,"(f \-'. 'J^J'lT^Ji,
workers riot -to ^ let, themselves" he • in
fluen ced' by ;the\ propaganda' 'of.- the
general strike'of which the ariarclt's',3
make" use .to deter the workers front
the' real and;incessant struggle—that.
Is to say. from political,'trade union,
and co-operative action:'/
;."Aud. invites the'workers to augment their .power-'and tqlst'rengthen
their unity iii developing' their class
organizations^' as .upoh-Jhese conditions wilf depend the'success of the
political, strike, if this, one'day, should
bel'foundinecessary and useful."    -.'
The above resolutionjgtates tile position, of. the "majority of,those who
discussed -the': question.;"."BrianBr of
France;' and "Dri Friedeberg,- of Germany/wore the chief advocates'of the
general strike. The latter had issued
a pamphlet on the,subject which bad
been distributed at the'congress,;but
it was", -shown . that the -. doctor was
quite1, alone: among'^the1 Germans -,in
the' advocacy of this proposition.; De-'
spite the-fact j that few, If any,,'speeches' \^ere made "against" Briand and
Friedeberg, • the ■'congress-, overwhelm-1
Ingly voted the Holland resolution. '
A short time before the Amsterdam
Congress, the French Socialists had
held their, congress- at Lille. The gen-1
eral strike was there discussed at
length. Lafafgue, Guesde, Vaillant,.
Delory and -'others-, made ' brilliant
speeches. "A resolution in favor "of
the general strike,'' .declared Guesde ;
"would not!' augment,.the Influence-of
the^ party. among the working-class.
It £wouId destroy^ it, as it would .be' tho,
condemnation "-"'bf-' politicah ; action.
"Who nre the advocates of the general
strike?" asked La'fargue.' "They ate
Briiind and'. ,Pelloutier| who - have
sought to found a party in opposition
to the Socialist party.'l ,• ' . • , '"-
""Some-oflthe French delegates, se^ete
Ing to galn---favor .for the idea, urged
that no matter how foolish the~genera,l"
Strike^is, the workers had been fasci-'
nated.by tlie idea,, and'it would/be
the part of wisdom for the Socialists
to endorse it*. "Osriiln"answered "this
argument by* saying:" "Henry ' IV.
wishing to capture Paris," said. 'PaVi3
is well worth a mass,' and'he turned
Catholic. -There are people here,who
wish to captivate-some Paris workers
and so they say,-'Paris' is well" worth
a'general strike' resolution.'-" Chauvin
touched^ on the same question when
strong trade unions hr Paris;" 'that
would be the end of the general', strike-
agitation." "It is, a' dream,", said
Guesde, "it. is unbelievable-Uiat'.millions ,of workers should, be "ready to
die of hunger for their,class, when for
their,class they will not oven'trouble
to vote.'-'     "'- '
Immediately lifter the congresses at
Amsterdam the Germans hold their
congress at. Bremen.;'Under the in-'
fluence.of Friedeberg, a few Socialists
had demnndod'that the :question of
the'genornl strlko bo dismissed iit the
next natlonnl congress. ...Very llttlo
<Ume was glvon to tlio- dlHciissl'on of
this resolution, but Karl,' Llebknecht,
'who believes thnt tho'1 general1 strike
may bo useful at times,nfl-a political
weapon, utterly demolished tbe anarchist conception, of the gonoral
strike!1       , ,
• "I separate mysolf from the 'ideas
of Comrade Friedeberg .with- "nil possible energy, Ills Idoas nm foul of
tho most fundamental Interests of tho
party,' Thoy nro In' opposition to
everything the party has done up tb
this moment. Anarchy In tho loglcnl
consequence of Frledoboru's Ideas. Tho
general strlko understood'ln this man-
nor deserves tho words.pf Auer:' (Ion-
oral strlko: general, h'eliljossnoss.'" -,
It Is, of courso, of llttlo Importance
to most Americans wlmtthe'decisions
of Europe may bo on tho mattor. And
certainly no International docUIrm
should bo tho moans of prejudicing
our minds against any weapon that
limy prove of vnluu lo the workiinc
class, It should, howovor, bo mnde
known to Americans Unit nowhere
else In tho world" can ono ohtnln so
accurately tho opinion of the working'
cIiihh upou any subject us nt tlio International Socialist conftresHOs, Tlio
natlonnl Socialist partial! always uv
strain thomaolvos from ontnrlniv upon
the* field covornd by tho trndo union
organizations, Hut al present the
trado unions have no „ Inlornatlonnl.
congress and millions of trnde unionists nro directly rcpresanlnd nt tlui In
ternatlotinl Soclnllst coiiKroasen, Tlm
resolution nbove glvon In, therefore,
not only tho opinion of "political"
SoclnllHts, but nlso tho, opinion or '.lie
ovcrwhulmliiK maiiH of trade unionism.
It'Is to he rogrettoil'that suoh organs an , the-International  Socialist
TTnvlmt-    m«>l,*> «i»ir>^i     Qnclilllfitn t\* tiuii
afflllntnd with tho I. W. W. ronntiint'y
mlnstnto tho ■ position of the Intermi*
tlonal movemont. Tlioy ndvoento dl>
reel action, Including the , gotienl
strike nnd Hiibotiigo, clnlmlntr nt nil
tlm«»H thnt thflv ri'iirnnent t.h« opinion
of the iriterwillonnl n\ovoinent. As a
mattor of fact, they ropr«»ont tnctlc*
which lmvo boon condemned so many
times In Europe that It Is utterly Impossible «v<m to record the Instance?.
Direct action tin* nay er .appeared in
the mo'.t'u.u.t ak ,i comitAiilou of pj-
UMcnl action. It hns .Invariably pr<jr>
Hijiiicil iUolt' rtn h rlvnl, fiiudaitiupuUy
antagonistic to political - action.
Whether advomt^d by Bftknnln, Nle<
'wenhuls Xlorllno. and fttbuf' «n»^
ehlstn, or by the dlwtlnjcnlalted doctern
VrhiieUitH. UwinJello, and Sore),
tlw tlicoitat.1
i-i;^'^ ,*7T=*-' "Wl _-jChf^?,-\'*?*^&SiO^^-..$-X*Aii5s   ' J,
*^f*,m*r m,   -?, .     r m.w j"   .—.^~.r. m*^mw.* . .^ if * ..„.¥_,*.:.-I^L.*!:. . . . ..        . J..
 "  '    "•'■    ?>
./V'V^hen'mpre thanXlOO.OOO satisfied dvwlers'of 'Studebaker{car§;'agree ,tj:
", that-they are-all we haye claimed."foi£ therh;^ itrought}to kbe assurance, fo you xf";
/'.tHatthey-are-the"best.cars iii the:«forld^ai'^ir^pn^O^'^'7 .-^77^7''r-i"AxS^Si
,n .There aire in use today bn the-roads of America Jdmost'fOOiOOb.Studb-^"
,, baker ;.(E-M-Fy "30" -and;Studebakej:;(Fl^ders)^ ;:\
thousands of them are inuseinfalmbstjeveiy^ ,'' -
!•'.- /Thiis ^v^ld-ynde.'pdpidsuriQr' ii^',n^"gain^^^<a^ctent.-. Jtrjs* the J-"•:'
result of 60,years:of successful.m^ufacturing experience, and of a deter-    't
^ niination to make tlie world's; best medium-priced car. ^How.'wellvwiB^siifc-:- .;.
'ceeded^is.showri^by the results.' r '"--'*' 'b^A* o ; .x-~7^-- yy'*-; ^yxx^AA -AS
'-i": •;.These "cars;are" made;ih immense' quantities in the,largest factories4n ; C
:the industry; of-the best materials;money can buy. -The greatStudebaker .'y
Corporation makes every part of these,cars^th«re''u Wshiftrbf.mikih«-5'.:''
: bility. We take thf utmost pains to KNOW THAT THEYARE ;RIGHT.    y
..., Studebakercars come,in: a:wide range 6f^ prices arid, models, from the,-- %
.  sturdy, splendidly^buiit "20,? at $950. tcrthe big,:,pWerful, *JSix.f,7at~$l,80l). TA-f•-
, ' 5 ;;The ;Sttidebake^ £20? arid .theVSte^j^feJ^ftf^pt remarkably good»: (
cars,';arid are.excepti6rially!lbwrpriced^ ,~%'X-'~^^1!_ZL$bfi^$^^^        ",: 7 •":'"--
■■At*-*.*'■:',' < % - ' V..- '. v^..>L'-':xy^m."MxxAx y^^:::^A\:7A ,.
iy,***!'** -A
tl*. I-  .7*     z. -,. ,
^w»\ .** f-*k*^.9t* j, .
^ ,**.-{«J ^4*."^     \H*
<«3a ,*- ' X'V(*; \
."X'-ffy, ,"■>''-'
-^-'f AX.. X
+\ "7
WalkemUe, Ont. ; \^J
7   - ■■■   ' _*.y\  %, ,
Please tend me catalogue      %
showing your cars. , A      *
Stade^w (Handera) V20'^~$950 ."
. Stu^6sd^;V2dVv;Tburi^'^r^ Vf.-i vv7!..Vr.)!
-vStudeHaker'.'/SO"- Touririiy:^' . h\- 7:^777A
Studebaker "20" Delivery. t.::\....,. .;..;.;■ ,:;1,000
i" Touring;•'*-},.. .^;. :;K>:■
• «  t •  »
Di V^MpTT^
'. Loeal':Ag«n&,f;.
^r'-J .
Jf- S',*
>UV .
t* '
tion. "The worker -who turns away
from the party "to become a convert to'
the' general strike thinks thnt Ue has
become moro. revolutionary," . says
Guesde, "and they usk us to strengthen with our own. hands, this' fantasy,
to deB&oyour-o'wn work', anjl-'t'o^undermine our 'own partV: I cannot;,conceive it."   '' ,.-    X ■' ,,',"7-  X
V . '  '.<.',
AH Capital is lidicted*
:   If all Labor is Guilty
i1 _-_:— x *
The trial of William M. Wooa, president oC tho American Woolen Co., at
lioston, Mass., on the charge of.con-
Hplrncy to plant-dynamite (luring the
Lawrence Btrlke, constitutes an Indictment of organized capital—'■'    ■   ,
11''— "     ' ';'     XX
The conviction of the' union iron
workers for dynamiting at Indianapolis constituted a conviction,'of,organized labor,     .    -'  •   , ,  .   i. \
To show how I have conjo to this
conclusion In my Investigation of tho
coming trial of William M. Wood, this
mnn agalnnt whom nn nlropioiis" plot
to'dlsorodlt the cuuso of his rebellious
workmen may bo legnlly proved, It Is
only necessary for mn to toll you how
completely ho stands for capital, ' '
• Who le Wood?''.
Therofore I sot down hero for you
Just who William M. Wood Is,
William M. Wood |r—
ProHldent nnd director of tho Amor-
loan Woolen Co. and the American
Woolen Co, of Now York—the ?C0,-
000,000,"wool trust."
President nnd director of tho Ayor
tnlllH, Lnwronno, Miibh,
l*re>ld«nt nnd director of tho'.Na-
jlonnl nurl Prevalence worsted mllln,'
nf Illiodn Inland,
ProHlilout and director of tho floulli
llllnolH Conl V.o.
Prcijldnnl and director of tho Wash-
Innlor)' jiiIHh, Lawrence, Matin.  ,    •
Proiililniit nnd director of tho Wood
wnrnttfl mlllM, Lnwrenro, Ma«B.
, VIce-proHldent and director of iho
National Association of Woolen Mnn-
iifaflnicrM,  *
Mi'eeioi of the Morrliatits' Natlonnl
Hank, New JCtiRlaurt,
rUrncfnv til* tlin'IrM.K  fri, n.. Vr...  (V
Vnw ll/'iifnrd, \\\i*a
Olreeiiir of thn Pleren MannMHiir-
Iim (Jo., New Ik-dford, Mass,
William M. Wood was horn In Now
ICnsrinnd, but he l« not or New Hnglnnd
He Is n tnnn without n rnuntrv—n
citizen who doos not bear his father's
nnmo~tho foruetful son of a penniless
Tn the Inl'iS fifties ol tho lust enntury
dipt. Henry Pesso came Into hts llttin
homo port dn Mnrths's Vineyard
nboMil hia »fti'*oiiiK wlt.ile»hl)i. Tho
man who pooled the potatoes nnd
Wtmheil lliu .Ml* tind knttl«K for the
cook ot* the alloy was Jaclnthro, «
Poiiurese who had been picked up in
fsynl In thn western fsJands. Going
ashore lia wm «lr<in the use of n smnll
hut on Vtitnt't Point Way, at Ed«sr-
uf FnittcU.'iyttiltcitll'mi, lown. Tlieco WHtlatu JiwUvU«u Uwum
direct action hss Inrsrisbl/ been.pre-jwork mi t cobbler. Following bis In-
smted Ai* antntronlstlc to political nc-ievltable failure At it trade, his bono-
;£actor secured forrh!m the'position, of
.steward ^on the,] Eagle's-Wing—ono 'of
the 'llttlo. steamer's ""running" between1
New-'Bedford and'the-Island towns.1'1'-*'
"•'   "■y Weds Scrub'Woman  7A"'^A
.On'thislboat'JacIhthro mot and, later,
maided AmiSlla,- a,;swarthy scrub ,\v^O:
man,'both continuing to work until, the
smalh'crftfl. was burned at the-mouth,
of. the,Providence river,,  when;, thoy
trnns-slilpped^to^ the- steam'or ,;Moha-
lihi'iBOtt. VAgain*, the 'old ■ whaling *cap--
.taln-camo-to the'rescue, and.WHlitim''-
.with   Amelia;'Jacinthiro .Were"V,re-ln-
stalled" lii'the tiny cottage on Ppas^s
Point Wily, ;   •;'   -     :*'*' ■i'A'* ';,.
,' T|ierepir April C, ,1801,'the prpsoht
William M. Wood .was borii, a ehlld'
ol, poverty," wlio should i'Sllll' feol'' In
oyery fibre'of-his being.'the'suffering-
nntl thosbrrowfiof the po'on. ,.-,„■''','"''.
Itis a.far'cry from;the/ll<yqar'Old
who wont to work; as'a'spool, boy, and
the prosldont of a giant'corporation
who charges his child jiv'orkOj™ 5 cents
a week for,drinking water, hut William
M, Wood hn's compassed' it, "Vox six
years he toiled in tho dark, hot mills
boforo ho got a'position In tho bunking
houso'of J. A, Donuvalo, Now Bedford.
Hero ho did notstny.for he had learned of tho opportunities-of a mill man
and' in 1870, lio'bocnme n."travelling
nool salesman. '      , ,', .
-Married' to Wealth •
Rlovon" yenrs lator, In 181)0,- tho
Washington mills nt'Layrroneo wero
taken for debt,by Dr. Frederick Ayor
of patent medicine notoriety. Ayor
engaged Thomas Sampson jib a mlU
export. SumpBon In turn iilrod William Rl-Wood as superintendent.''
Superintendent \Vood found.earl..'
npportnnlly to meet Dr. Ayor's daugh-
to'r, married her, and hecnmo'mnnnii'
Ing'bond of tho Washington mills.'
Another 'doendo nnd, .WllllaW }1.
Vowi wafi discovered .'to bo the mo it;
P'lwWfiil 'ltullvldudl In'§10 textile In'
diiBtry 'of Now' Rnftlnnd—presltjorit.of
the giant mill combination known us
tho 'American Woolen Co.,1 recipient
of a Balary popularly estimated at
1100,000 ay onr, Added to this, his Interests In tho D.OiMMinnd Wood mill of
l^awronee, In the PMrrn Mnnufnetur-
lug Co. of Now Bedford,.In the Nation-
1 :-.! '■",:'*-".'i.1.".*.' '"tri'c-fi r,,,','l" '"•
tli'*" Morohnntfl' VMIonnl Tlnnk,
him an enormous Income.
Woman and Children Ware Pawns In
tha Qamt *■'•     '-*.'•.-
Hero Arel some"of, the eonehmfonk
*    i>,   it.,., rflfi ,  f\rr> .tu,   »it,.,
Il.9.^*»^.t9,      V, 9,9.1   f .4*1..*.       ^'     ..'-'t.f        M>     ■-,♦
on Investigation of a the case of WJI-
llnru,M..Wood,     ^_-.,   ''■   ,      ,,~
"Of tho flnrt' Ilrt of Now Iflngland*-
tho joolal uplift and high thinking—
Wiillatn. M. Wood,^president of tlie
Am#rlmn Woollen 'Company, takes
little,- If nny; part.     „
"The men with whom lc choo.ica.tc
associate must give bim the deference
of dependants; nom*n, aa far as I can
lesrn, writes In hia praise whose hand
has not,signed a corporation payroll.
"The woman andf clilldmn who toil
lu UU lulnUly, mill* Wu tu Wiu. a* t
see ^t, mora debit and credit In a
traitor'* ledger,"
Have you heard about Peps?
. , Peps, is ,'&,'' new ^scientific
preparation put up'into tabloid
of; pastille , form, which provides an entirely'new,* and
effective treatmentjor. coughs,
colds and lung: and throat
troubles...,;;' ■■>-'. yj,„Ay,: "
:(There. is • no, "connection
between.; the" lungs -!and ,the
stomacKi',;'. *   '"ij. X, - a-•'.*.■.
.Suppose ,some„thing wtre
wrong with tyour* stomachr-
say,; Indigestion; or ulceration
—would-.you think of taking
some medicine which went—
not. to yout stomachi but to
your lungs?. Certainly not!
. Why then, when your lungs
and chest are affected, should
you dose your stomach—an
absolutely separate ori,an-r
with medicine? < Is it not far
better to treat the ailing organ
direct? :       '    •' -K.. ':
Pops provide * direct
troatniont fnr,
cougha, ooldsi,
nud all lunif.
oh est and
throat  trou.
bles,    Pops
contain" nigh.
ly niediolnnl
emnooi' and'
plnu astraois"
In.to tablet.
form. •' \Y o u,
put a Pep on,
»ii d a a it
slowly dis,
snivel, thoM>
volatile < es-'
roncoa    turn
Into viper.  '      -, • ,*,
Yon BRRAT1TB tha ramwly to yonr
sore ailing lung* <Ure»t~not snsllow If,
to* your (.tomiwli, wliluhls tiot aillnj/,'
(9«o dlanram,) TU* henllng turn**, tliu-.
l*rwitlie<Tj|*fwn,,bstb» ths (|slitat«,in>
*.*-.-M,'*     ^.9*1.14,^1199     V,      ,991    V* V<*»'*.«..|«
tubus wl vtm rlpfht on tithe tlnv ttiut*
»gM ot tho l«ng»~* course no liqu il ur
•olid mnlkln* could poi*il>ly thit*,
.. Pepi fiinies ara hullng and'antl
saptlci,   They.haataorrfiMiuoand kill
diiMM gorms..,Peps.bring plnixfori'it,
fumos to yourhomo, Initaauoil yougoli.«
I        4*   .   ,   ' t .1 www
*f. I.t9^f ^Htfl  I*l.*9l9 ,
. 7 For-that wjd. thst niaht cough,
thnt leaeb ef nrQnw»ltI< don't ilqw ymir
itemaahti '-Tbo tronhla lias .In -ymir
"'-' lUBigs, *!fJiPsi>* go to tln-1unafc
direct nnd will mrs yon/ -
< Alldrugflslsandstore-iBOe but.,
Wrlto tor tm sampla te Vtfti
Co., Trtre-'o, or M l'i In-
com Bb,  it'Innlpeg.  B*q&
Jt-* ^^'ri^--^'^
* >vjs*i->r . "■- it**. T*sc j ijt 1w-'-' * ("-in   L   ..^t. At-TVi" r
•Jp- --,- , ■    '.  -,
- -.^Vi^v ' -
DISTRICT-iJ^l^'^FEIlTOhB^/MAEOH 8, l«l8,<i
*e 1- •
vK* . -J*?*>*  *&'*[%
Ill *'~*v' s«" --*>^ ,<*£■•*-I*. :t>-*  *"*^ V. -1?*
**- -I-fJ   ". ;   -£i- 'rj,
.,- . .  ft
Healthful,  Dependable
A-Kx.-\y A'-.t'-H-    '      ■*  -  -■    • ■- -
^^: gtape^ acidf; and? baking
B*iQ. LegiWiMireCloses
V -1 sW0^Shc^t Session
'   , ,     - "  ■*        - " v■*ti*9**'*l     ■ '.—-j*.' ;- ^j **.-"'_'    ' >     -      n
Labor-Bills Killedy^df^QQUrse .- -JSasy' Money for
X Members - VotersRolCCahcel^ War a
x., AA-Bstween. Soctalist^Memb'ers ancl Premier. *v -
jKThe-last week's doings have-ljeen
pretty,lively as the Socialists'came
-"iv ,<<■>
more delicious and wholesome.   :,:";:-:;-^:'.:v;>^?x-\* ■.
,.Jir .*„
priced, low gracie
phosphates in the food.
$1.'iM^.-X--V-.^r^v.''V-.': rv'-V- -■'->.-,> „ .-.s ■ .-■; '..
,*i~** '>;,•;. f - *!,*f'W^7.-.','5   " .'-$"=-,v -' ">'' ■',''- ■-. •'' .„ >''.'
a.." 'i'
Quarterly Dividend. Notice
.   ,    ..     _       .,v      .y,r   t*- ""-',.,   * •        • ' •'.'*. y - ,'*- -■<',-
"• -'X.,^ >NotieejLS.-here^x*giyeii>tliat,a Diyidend'at'-ttivVAr'ate ol! Se
v -y" viflsent. .perVann^m !upoir~the-.paid" 'up: Capita).? Stoclc'of .^tliis. B
, - 3-, ;i'
"'.Capital Subscribed-
•;^Reeerve; Fund.i...'.
16,000,000;'' - Capital- Paid - Up',..... " ." 6,460,000 !
' 6,460,000,,    Total Assets-'.'...'-!...  ,72,000,000
7^1   ~0. >R. WILKIE; President     '_] HO.NiLROBT- JAFFRAY, Vlw-Pres.
-..■;-r,..- '^   y-   BRANCHE8   IN;rlRJTYsH COLUMBIA;V,i,~ ~ ,*\        ;
Arrowhead, .Cranbrook,-Fernie, Golden,'!Kamloopsi Mjchel, Moyie, Nelson.
XAxAX ', ~':':A'A'.   :.Revel8toke',"jVancWyer"*and_y.Vi<st6rla1'X?'". Xl~x ,■■-.." '
'iX„y ~XX A " '•  "•„ -•■SAVrNGi;DEPAR'tMENf^'^i'."^^^^ ~:
y :!lr.tero8t: allowed on deposits Vt turrent rate from: date of;deposit.,*'.*,
A FERNIE BRANCH';'"--*'A-AA yf\£ ^-"Veo: ll B^BECl,'Manager''-
Seven, per.
Bank" has
, , \;-"/l}een;deelared^f6r\tho',three\months ending the\2i8tli February, prox.,
'•.- :""".-"V'aP.dJJie same will;be payable .at its Head .Office;and Branches on and
\ after.Saturday^ tlier 1st''March,-prox.. "'.The .Transfer'Book will be
'^-closcd.frpm^he17th to the" 28th Feb'ruary/'IGIS, ,both days inclusive.
7 'VV,, V'V'w<- -.'A'-' ''--A l By orderof the-Board-, - ., ',. •'".';'
?« s' ;:'7'Ay\-:\ :'y'\ '■'; <:''*1:'--JAMES'MASOn7 ■" ,
.-_, .Toronto-'23rd 'January-,-: 1913.-. •*; V-' .--'■',' .', : '' General -Manager.
'iHea.d'"' ' "-,<%. -.'A,.. . -^-^'dV^TVT'TP/S' ' Branches and cornnections
' -'Office'^ *:*;•' !'-; " "'^ *!r^^ ™* r .V '•'•'V'. throughout Canadi
" ZC ':";,^!:F.rMACDONALD, Manager,-FERNIE, B.C., -* '■   '
x (;.;&$-. commerce
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O.,I,I«D^ D.C.L., President
*, General Manager   . Assistant General Manager -
VCApitai.; -$15,060,000     ; rest, $12,500,000
. ,      •,.••.*      .    -  1   :    *        '      ,    , ' •        • • ••        ,   • 1
The Canadian Bank of Commerce, by reason of its large number of branches in
everv Province of Canada, with direct representation ln London, Eng., Now York,
1 - San Francisco, 8eattlo, Portland, Ore., Moxico and St. John's Nfld., with. Agents and
:■ ,  . Correspondents in avory part of the world, is able to offer unsurpassed facilities to the
'. travelling public, enabling them to obtain money In the simplest way at any point on
'   their Journey ths'world bver.' The Travellers' ChequeB and Letters of Credit issued,
V'. — ty ,hltt B*1" overcome the annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
, ^w„. In places where Identification Is difficult. -    .
-\, •• C| eques and Drafts on ell the countrlea'of the world,, drawn in sterling, francs,
W.:&V4natlaif lire, kronen,, etc., can be fashed or purchased at reasonable jratos.    ; \ .'., §,g
■* " L, A. 6. -DACK,' Manager. FERN'iE  BRANCH   '
. ,       < <*w,i  • . !•• y,f"m
"Ur     f/*,Hf  -*f'4.v ".>,-' VH* ft,
; Lumber for all
1 ".here-at 'any time and In "any
qunnlty.    'You * cannot swamp
ub with' a largo order, or give
us so small a one that we" will ,
' not attend to It.
for any kind of building you
may ho at work upon, 'Havo,«
us send you what you want
, .-.,wbon you want It, ,
ornoi «nd VAsiD, MoPHKnaoK ave., opp. a n. obpot, pbnnib
" In Committee
The usual tedious droning through'
out-from "under wraps" amf: went j for committee'of ways and means0/was;
the^"-government right .and^left/a'nd
showed'- them no mercy."^Place.-was
the /first to open the,.onslaught on'
Tuesday in the reply to the budget
address. The speech.was radical In
the extreme for such a "bunch of slow
parsites to"listen to. ..   '/','•.•'
?Ho commented sarcastically-,on-the
$5,000' wasted on the'weIcome:tdTthe
Connaught.1 Perhaps It was none,of
his'business, but he would examine,a
few Items on the estimates; there was
this large Income from tho head^tax
on;M00 Chinese tn 1912.   It reminded
him ^strongly :of the cheap talk pb a
whjte B. C, and no doubt the government was' looking ahead and "seeing
where thia policy would lead them, "if
not, he would-advise them to, as'the
people of British .Columbia were1 not
all blind.   The^Chlnaman was no more
to blame than Uie Englishman for com-.
Ifig, but' at tthi9- same time- theyfwere
a. detriment to every white' miner in
the province,, when.they .were allowed
to go'underground and Hurt the status,
of the white man, by their cheap way
of. living. m v-, -\ \       -
, -One figure .before him was an item
f6r $6,000."on the'cadets'trlp to.Australia, and-'Jack' now launched into a
fiery denunciation of the military system. ~ All  military -.expenditure was
loathsome*to him, and his party,:tho
Sbcialist,;"was on record everywhere,
ajrainst grants like he found heie, such
as militiaT-$3,000; Boy Scouts, $1,000;'
etc.;.-^;,'.'„.' -7^fX ,      ,  ''„*:
'': "0_f ^ all .men,'!1 "declared Place, ener-
,getically;-'/IJdetest-a scab, but what"
can I^think'of"ji,mail,, a 'militbmaii',
who- will-descend to the lowest'p'bui-
ticu on earth, that of rcah-herder, or'
defender; and "these militiamen were
praised as upholding the.Union Jack,
a, flag any Conservative member there
would slobber-over on the platform."
("Hear, Hear;"' and applause, from the
Ministerialists.)^' The .next budget he
was prepared "Ho" see" a' 'tin-pot' navy
being provided for.-*   -•       ''.    -
" Several items for'music," meals, etc.,
were touched  upon- ironically..."   For
instance," 'he; could live ."comfortably
the rest of his life on the amount" spent
for wining "an-J dining ..the honorable
minister. opposite on some .occasions'.'
This1 was in grea^ contrast to'the way
ernnient-roads were treated; useless
officials-could junket around, but real
builders .could.very nearly starve on
the job.- Theri,'$43i(|00 for the "upkeep
and tranportatlon of Bowser's friends.
"I should like to know,""said Place
dramatically,-"how-, the attorney general can-explain-this."   Think of, it,
$96,OQO for treatment, of prisoners, in
one year..   '"'-"; v.
'1 He was^glad to,see the abominable
poll tax go; through in the main,'the
working class paid no taxes whatever,
but he would ,lllw" to say, that, this
measure had been advocated "on the
Socialist side for. years. All thia was
foreign to him as'a-disp'ossefld man,
yet, being,thoro, he had endeavored to
give his,views and the views of tho
intelligent workers, The Issue before
the house was a discussion,on the'dlv-,
Ision of surplus value,,and the only issue to him as a revolutionist was, who
should own°tho means of life, Ho
hoped-the house now,realized whero
ho stood.   (Applause.);
MoQowan, who followed, appeared
to be Indignant at the monopolizing
of the best land .In British Columbia
by the Indians who made n6 use of it.
Campbell, * of Rossland, rejoiced iii
his turn that" the rod flag did riot fly
in HoBsJnhd',,iwriofo' things wero prosperous," ovottyonq. was ■chQcrjtul,„1,nn<l,
tho workingmen content. Ho urged
the S,b'o'l^[i!i,,,rt^p'Jnl)ers to pull- sj^ke^
tyut cbi^-MproJ' "Tlio- popular Pa'rkir
Wllllo^^do ijje'nt^'of.tliom, Ills lui:
m.or in'^MJrn.WlPoaring. »Ho,'eompll.
monted'(Sampte)lvfof his individuality
nritr-yfylt pJoTiBod to; li'oar: (if alio-proa'-
perUy,",litirio8'sfan(l,,i,yoti he" would 'veiv
tiiroito say,'Litdysmlth and'Nanaimo,
-t!lil'not onjoy',,^ nionopoly ot dlscon-,
.tpntod workers;"' Ho Ihoimhi that
;lloHalnnd could .tfrorlueq a Jew. And,
nn-.to this proBp'or,lfcy,Bojiftmfiil ilhout,
lie failed to see'''Why,:tlio'''Rqvorninpnt'
brightened by; a savage battle of'words
hetween Place, aided by Williams, versus..McBride', It arose" on the cadets
graot',, X-       - <v .. '   ; , -
" "Pjace asked, "What was "the .purpose of the,vi8it to Australia?" .
" McBride: "To cement the- ties' of
friendship, and.render more indIssoIr
uble'bonds between^British Columbia
and the" southern country."
Parker Williams:" "From ' what' I
know of the relations between the
countries1 It appears like painting the
lily.1: ■.'-",
McBride: "It my friend from Nanai-
mo wishes, I can arrange for a parade
of tho cadets, and show what fine fellows they, really are. They are the
men of tomorrow."
" Place: "I do not, feel like accepting, .myself and party hav^ very de^
elded views on this question,"
McBride: "But you are not opposed
to the Canadian militia.".
„ Place:. "Certainly yes, all forms of
militarism from the Boy Scout stage
up' toahe regulars. It is all wrong."
* McBride: "But Isn't it splendid to'
have* them trained, the children I refer to?""'
Place, warmly; "Not on the lines
laifl-dpwn^by the Boy Scout or the
cadet movement. Its aim is io inake
soldiers,'or' murderes, if you will, out
of them.. Don't humbug us that It is
only physical "drill. It's soldiers you
want,;and .what1 does this'training
amount to? 'Why, one man leads and
the rest, like sheep,' follow. Such
training as' "that, "which destroys originality, does "not make men. I, don't
mind the Australian trip, I wouldn't
mind.if we'all could go, but I do object A6 this gun and knife business."
Lucas., (Yale): "How about the
strikes, does not the union order a
strike and the men obey. Didn't they
have their-thinking done for them?"
Place:" "We are not discussing
strikes,,but-1 ban inform the member,
that the men think for themselves and
vote'accordingly.'there is no commanding.".       ■'.•,"
■McBride: "I find it'hard to accept
this doctrine, and his party, the world
over, does'not'accept that view.   Mr.
Fisher, the Australian premier, -"'
- Place: "Pardon mo, he "is no Social-
ist."-   -,      -'.-•' -' "    '•    '' . .    '   '
'should tnho credit for.'Hi   No metier
iyho wris" In po'weAlin time for n for-
McBride:',"Anyway, he "represents
workingmen,"and one pf.his tenets is
conscription.. For,my own'part, I lay
strong, emphasis "on discipline. So far
as my vo!<je will' go* P will commend
'sound military training.'' I recom-
mendthe-member to look at this from
a different viewpoint and thus strike
a fair attitude."
, -Parker Williams: "Pam willing to
take the Premier's' idea and look at
thip from another angle If the govern.,
ment will practice reciprocity and try
and understand Socialist Ideas from
a different viewpoint.- And tho mem-
ber from Yale will learn more-ahout
strikes and the fallacy of thinking that
they are caused by agitators. Tho
union is the nearest thing to democracy, sir, that wo hnvo ever seen yet
in this world. As to the Australian
visit, I can't soo why,the government
can chortle,, I thought'tho cadets had
a'terrlblo time 'raising the^vlnd.' This
military business' makes a machine of
a man. thoy aro like automatons, ono
foot Is drawn' forwarcr or back, at tho
order given; there Is no originality
about It. I have absolutely no use
for It in any shape ,or form."
■McPhillips'came next, In a .terrible
1 ago, nnd kept up, a deafening roar
fQrJ.13, minulop about tho.splqndors of
.Iho^mlHtla, otp„",jvhom ho thought
'wore hands of heroes. ■ •,
, The Socialists, now-wound up, kept
JWe'KlilRoii busy explaining why Nn-
nnlmo'',;aml T-edysmlth" received so
.nuioli less grants than tho othor pine-
oc. It was corlalnly rich lo son Uio
dodgos put up to get around the nuns-
tions,     ,
A smnll Hhowor of blessings, In tlio
way of lnhor hills, floncondod ihls laRt
wook from the Sofilallut henchos, mul
wore dlflpnBod of ns might ho oxpoetpfl
from- a lildo-lionnfl, boBH-rlilrtnn, party.
■' Wlllln'mfi* 1*111 to Introduce n, minimum' wnpe or $H per day Tor miners,
wfts'nno ofthe flrsl to got It, notwllli
was,the best ever put up. It Sad becrii
Commended everywhere and he. waa
spre.'that"while he had been in favor
of .this amendment, yet there was no
urgent need-.for it;.the inspects did
their duty well and, anyway, accidents
were bound to happen. He asked" Ills
followers to reject it. *' -
'.Williams came out in a bitter" reply
for onejisually so huraorous.'and.draw
a rejoinder from- McBride about indulging in cheap talk when the' former had remarked of his domlnanoe by
the corporations. Sir Dick was some
sore, too. Parker claimed the" right
as a miners' "representative, to have a
say ,in the appointment of. mine "in-
spectors, and, referring to McBride's
promise to consider the-proposal, remarked that the road to hell, was paved-with such good intentions as the
Premier's. He explicitly charged the
mines department with negligence. In
the case of many, explosions in the
province that could have' been avoided if the officials had done their duty;
and now crepe fluttering in the wind
for relatives lost was the direct con-
sequence. Nothing more or less than
downright carelessness, he repeated
emphatically, was tho cause of every
explosion that had taken place. He
asked the government to forget poll-
tics and think of human life a little
more;' to be men, and cast off the
domination of corporations, and introduce a safe system of inspection that
would render mines' less dangerous to
life and limb.
He further quoted .evidence given
before the labor commission by a man-
ager of mines that proved discrimination against men who reported gas.
This was a serious matter for men to
do when their jobs were at stake.  '
Ninteen members were found with
McBride Vgaihst .tlie'two Socialists. '
1 Two more bill's of importance introduced by "Place were disposed of adversely to,him. These were the 8-
hour day and woman's suffrage.
His speech on ,tfie 8-hour day was
very short .and consiste'd mainly of a
request for- some of the prosperity
talked so much about in the house.
They had been told it was palpitating
outside the door, so he would llke~~a
smaH share for the,' workers. ■ . The
bill was not new, it had several'times
been voted' down before, which was
the usual thing for labor measures.
"But I cannot conceive of,any sound
argument against- the bill,"'continued
Place, "and.the fact-that it would not
touch the mining industry until May,
1914, ought to weigh with the Premier."
It was a good way 'to avoid, troublous strikes in ,the^ future, as this was
only part of an international request.
The'movement for eight hours inDng-
,ii(l po>vftr .co.ulfl provotlt ,jit. Cpuld tho
governmont Blioiy,.nny"leglslntlpn that,
lind produced".prosperity?.'. None nt
all. L|)ie the government tomiro- of
'<5ffl$e, .thlB^rbnp&rUy ,wa«'duo to thp
.illflonvory of the poBalbllltloH of wealth
in . dt)Vo16^fnir^.ri1ip -/nnturnl roRourcoR'
1iy'',0lrt-:worltl' oapiuillstn, ' (Applnusel.
-'■■-■•'■■"•• 'r v" 'x,> ■ j?.' '"'*.'■! V. -■ ■ -~- ■ ■ ■"•.: '■
Hardware $. :Kuriiiture
Mail Orders Promptly Attended to
he urged the adoption of .the measui'e.
McBride replied; stating that It was
unfortunate that this ,billrwas brought
up now, as- lie preferred to wait till
the labor, commission brought.ln thei'
report, and,proceed to1 legislate from
that.. He thought,it was good policy
always,to let employers and employees settle their own differences. He
believed "the workers of B.C. would
not endorse such a" bill. The placer
mines of Cariboo and the logging industry would suffer too, If It-carried."
(How ingenuous, this policy of letting
them settle it themselves.) "
- Parker Williams thought this was
n case of trotting out the old shelf for
excuses; this commission had served
for two seasons now,, Workingmen
were told all this last year, and horo
It was again, as cheerful as ever, And
furthermore, he had no great opinion
of tho morlts of tho commission to
pass on labor questions, and still
furthor, tke government would take
not the slightest notice of tho commission,
Itoplylng to'an, accusation by tho
Proinlor that flomo dny ho hoped to
sit on the treasury bench; Williams
Bnid ho never had day dreams, yet ho
could assure the Premier that, ho had
no nmhltlon In that lino. ThomlBslon
of himself and party for the present
wns to .pull down tho rot ton. od If Ico of
cnpltnllBm, and his offorts, as well a»
Uio member for Nnnulnin, wore abdicated to that ond, WIkmi tliolr work
was coinploto, morn onpnhlo hands
than his would frame out n policy of,
roconfltruellon for Iho now noclely to
Ho BCorod a lilt ovor Mclirldc, whon
he remarked that Iho worker Hold bin
labor power on the market, Jimt ns
polntoos ar any other commodity; If
tliorn was a shortage Ills price went
up, If a glut, It wont down. Thn Premier snid hot to Interfere with the mar-
ItH, yet ho granted $r>n,000 for Immigration piirposos,
Mere tho Hpenkor celled fer nnlrr.
In putting UilN'ciiHo out. of the U>k\»*
Inturo Into tlio commlSHlohs oouvt tlm
Premier was smashing nil  rules of
On division, ,11 vo|os to'2'showed
tliu lineup,
Tho tiHiinbor for Nniinlmo spoke In
favor of tlio woman's iiurt'rage bill, nnd
tlie.JIon. McPhlllliiH against It   Pino
^......1.11..^!, vh-ki <«i(!iiiu.ii<\  ifuvci-.wH iirKiiinotitH were hound and, ns ho
Mnr iinJJVp1-r r&ijic.   ii- v< 1 ".-.I'*•.<■)   tml ll, i*_  _uulti tluiiK ul  no  luiwuiil
now.'Tl wrilild W heltur for'eemnflii-
Ijnirnrid men.-'h'nt'.nn; It "wns nn iiso".
thn rnmnnnloV toelti;'or'the rjfivnrn
at least,- would,not blame them.:■' He
introduced this bill under the instruct
Jions bf the party he had.the honor
of belonging, to, and, he would "now
leave it to the consideration bf the
house. On a vote, the following "members supported itr Williams; Place,-
Young, Lucas, Miller, W. J. "Manson,:
Wood, Foster,, and Hunter, and 24
(including Fernie's hope! opposed it
Other bills,from the Socialists "turned down were':' one respecting-.payment of wages, (Place), and an act to
amend the highways act,-- (Williams),
this being an attempt to have alf roads
leading 10 settlements of five or more
houses declared public,roads so that
corporations, who own a good many
such places in the province, could not
have "undesirables" arrested for trespassing.
„A' resolution of censure was also
brought In on the last day by_WiUiaras
"condemning the government for lending assistance to the Canadian Collieries company during the Cumberland
dispute and thereby encouraging them'
,to employ Asiatics in mines, and also
its unfair attitude to the strikers."
Parker Williams unreservedly denounced the government as being body/and soul with the company. The
special thugs had Intimidated Orientals so that they went to work, and
assaulted respectable citizens; the only lawbreakers were, "Bowser's specials;" and the petition for protection
was largely signed by Asiatics who
were,being driven by 'Bowser's fiends'
to work.
Speaking on the.hotels being closed
in Cumberland Williams said that the
specials were the only ones who abused-liquor. They could hardly sit on
their horses, and they had also, on instructions from the attorney general,
refused whites permission to visit the
Oriental department there. The Asiatics were told they must work, or go
to Jail, or be deported.-
McBride's defense was much1 the
same as on previous occasions and the
workers of this province should by
now know how he stands
. Two significant bills that have gone
through are the one to cancel all present voters' lists on March 3d, this
year, and the other in conjunction
with the raise in members' salaries
to $1,600, and increasing the term from
froni four to five years.
Parker' -Williams had *, previously
thanked the government for the raise
in his characteristic way, saying he
could now go further afield ancl show
them "up, whereat McBride said he
was not much-afraid of a change yet.
Regarding this bill, however, Williams
could see no xeason for the-change
as in the last ten-years no parliament
had sat over, three^ years. >He* con-
ine so much more notice than the outside public received of an approaching
election. The first notice one usually
got was the sound of the Conservative
machine, going like a cement works.
This about concludes all that was
done, outside of the numerous government amendments to existing acts," to
provide .work, for the lawyers.    ,-
But surely the working class -will
awaken to .their chances and increase
that opposition to a formidable fighting force.   _
. The Socialist party is our party,
workingmen, let us boost it as well as
tho bosses do' their pet Conservatives,
and we shall win in the course of
jvartl'iriovp In 'p.O./hmJ arrived, and,.standing his forvent npponl on' behalf
of the*'mon engaged In hazardous oo
,c,upntlens;t(wlio,. he wild,, should ho
protected from competition of Chinese
and Incoming harvest .hands from tlio
east who' kept the Crows Nest nnd
other fllHtrlctfC flooded with mon, tind
thus- kVpt down "lYmfo's.' • Ho cliiwl
Monfnita n« nn InRlnnco'.Whero' \vvse*
hn'd*'lip«Mi rpiriilfiloil hv law, mul further
'sh'oy^d^ that while pries'- of olhnr
It seems pretty generally understood
that Sir Richard McBride will hardly
load his party through another election in British Columbia, Rvoryono
knows Sir Rlchrrd Is .imbltlous nml
several years ago ho nttainod everything that British Columbia hns to
offer, and ills friends expect soon to
soo him olther join the Ottawa gov-
ornmont or go to tondon ln some
representative Canadian * capacity.
Next election Hon. W. J. Bowoor is
llltoly to load thc party.,
-would,-be no coal"in'the market.  The;
only, reason for owning the mines.is
to make profit by enslaving the non-.
owners.  -"I know  there is a theory
to the effect that legislators,who arep
notnecessarily.the owners nor yet the
nou owners can. because of that fact,
legislate in the interests of both, but
eveiyday experience in and about the"
mines is proof that such a theory is
not based on facts, as onlyjtoo well
has past experience In this assembly
proven that the interests-of the mine
owners will ,be carefully guarded for
they are well represented in this assembly.   Though I am the otfly representative of the- non-owners In this
assembly I will do what I can to safeguard the interests of the mine workers. .The fact that the honorable member for Athabasca has spoken so fav- ,
orably of the bill (he being a mine
owner) is very good evidence that the
commission has not neglected the interests of the owners.   When this bill
comes before  the  committee  of  the
whole house I will introduce several
amendments and I will then deal In
detail with the merits of the bill."     . -
■ Your correspondent may be pardoned for adding that it is well to-remem-
ber that the capitalist class own the
natural resources and the machinery
which Is the product of labor, because
such ownership enables them to make
profit  by  enslaving  the  non-owners.
Wage slaves are not the property of
any ■ particular bunch  faf capitalists,
but they are the property of the capitalist class as a whole.   If any particular bunch,  of capitalists,    in their
greed for1 profits, were   allowed to
freely kill and cripple wage slaves It
would in time reduce the supply, then
they, as well as ,all other capitalists,
would have to pay more wages (as for
instance after tlie.black plague in Eng- '
land.)   Governments being the executives of all the capitalists,' they used .
to pass laws restricting the slaughtering of wage slaves, but as capitalism grows older, the,supply of wag-.* ,
slaves'becomes ever greater than ,the
demand, therefore ever easier to re-
place~tl-e killed and crippled, so* that
Lowadays  such  restricting  laws  aie
enacted only just before elections as
so much,bait with which to catch the"
suckers, and they are enforced only
to the extent that the awakening consciousness of the wage slaves to their
position in capitalist society enableB .
them, through their political and industrial   organizations,    to force "the
capitalist  governments.     All  of this
has many times been' slated on the
floor of the assembly and It is worthy'
of note that two and three years ago
when he who made these statements.
introduced several amendments to the ■
Coal Mines Act they,were defeated by-
troducing the new" Mines Act,
COAL mining rights of tlie Dominion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and' In a portion of
the province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term ot twenty-ono
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
Not more than 2,500 acres wil be leased
to one applicant.
Application for 'a lease must be made
by the applicant In person to tho
Agent or Sub-Agent of tho district In
which tho rights applied for are situated,
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by HC-ctluns, or legal sub-divisions of soctlons, and In unnurvoyod-
loiTltory tho tract applied for shall bo
staked out by the applicant himself,
Each apllcatlon must bo accompanied
by a foo l>f |i> which will bo rofundod If
tlio rights applied for aro not available,'
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on tho mcrchantabln output of thn
mine at the rate of five cents por ton.
The person oporatlng tho mine shall
furnish tho Agent with, Bworn returns
accounting for tha full qunutlty of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon, If tho coal mining
rights aro not being operated, such
I'l'itui'iiH should be furnlsliod at least
rrnco a year,
Tho lonso will Inoluflo'tho coal mining
rights only, bul the lessee may bo permitted to purchnso whatovor available
Riirfuco rights may bo oonHldored tio-
cessary for tho working of tlm mino
nt tho rato of $10,00 an acre.   ..       ,
T«*or full Information application
should bo made to thn Hi>crolary of tlio
Department of tho Jntorlnr, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agotit of Dominion Lands.
W, W. Oory.
Deputy Minister of tlm Intnrlo".
N.n--Unaulhorls!Hd publication of this
advertlKPinont will, not bn naiiJ for.
mont If* Vou'prefer, nttM "no," nn*l
Plic*'« nmrntflrrient' -tp iba Con!
jjflnns nemilntton AcI'wn'ii nont un In
umnkn ten, Th?«, prnvldfl/l'thiit the
j miner* BhonM e!«ct thn "nn commit*
.troi nnd ronort iJiWr ffniUnffti.'
I '. Vl-irn ri*torrt*ttto'tbti*illnr!Tlirtlii*tlt*'n
'vrnctlriui in mmiy rum** mid *mM thl*
;vr»iiM nvnld nil 'triiwMM nf'thn UnA
, He moi** are r*n r'*i)i*.ep'*h''.*i nhlprt'nri
\tn thn l»'ll f>n? hfT'hiuUrtf'tttft trtvorn.
^irieri would -i«v>flT»),.tft.*'Wep4r«.»n» a*
^inimra nt ttiMp ppoii Intentions to
itht* eteil mtlWT*.
t    ypOrl.it. rt*t*M*a fffct't tfur. <ftv Mvlngr
RSTK.** ? ,7\'n I*** '»■« the pwnent un ot Wl jhtld to fluht, and the Socially p*rty
rnnKon why they uliould not liave the
vole, if Ilrltlnh Coluniblu wo* so advanced, why not ro onto tlm mimo
level ith Vlnliwd.'Austrnllii, New Zen*
!....,! .tuii iniu.i uiutiint-ti, iimi iiiiojueii
tho principle. Rvon In China 5,000,000
Imve It, Women were dlsplncliipr men
In mnny vocations and Hhould hnvo nn
e*liml voire with thorn, it won the
Ramo nuflfttlnn tlmt the men had to
hoIvo In lRIJIt.07 wJimi ilttiy nalltltoti tor
n wider auffrARO. Tlm women today
wero In n Nnmmvhnt olrnllnr conflict.
Tllood was jiheil In thn C0'« but tho
Premlor could avoid mllllnnl tactic*
hero, If bo would, Tho suf fro jetton
could not be blamed for militancy, nf*
ter all I heie y«r« of ropr/,«Hlon, *bti«e
and trlckerv.    Th«v hint fmmd thny
Speaking.on tho Rocond reading of
the iMIiioh Ad, the Hon. (J. Mitchell,
Minister of Public Works, who Is In
charge of tho bill, stated that It was
tho product of .10 HlttliiKH of n ccim-
mission enmpoHnd' of the provincial
mine Inspector, u reproHontiitlve of
thn mine qwhoi-h, nml one roprnBenlft"
tlve of tlio mino workers. IIu admit-
tod thnt llioro wero conflicting Inter-
oHts' bntWdtoi tlio mine workers mul
tlio mine.ownera (no doubt nntlcliml-
Inir thnt O'llrlen, tlio HocIiiIIhI liicni-
brr rorltoeky Mountain conHlltueiicy,
mlKlit Iny ompliMlR on this point) hut,
Iia lidded, lib lind evfiry >fnHoit to be
llcvo thntonch .Rrahtod to tho othor
Imporinnl concessions. He th«n went
on to IhH; tho parts that had been
lalti'ii bodily from the old net, u» wull
iih thn pints that were now. Mr, Co-
tli*, miimlMT for Athabnacn, nnd n mino
owimr. Hpol<n In irlnwlnc tnrmo in
lirnlmj of tlm bill. II« nlno spnkfl nt
loniuh ou ih<» iicod of th« province
iiifiiiblihlilnx » miniiiK burcnii. Then
C, M. O'llrlon, tlm Suclnlln-t iiiiiiiibcr,
mild this Ih by fur the most Important
bill lioford this rhhpiiiIiIv, up to thin
time. spwikiriK Jn « proetlrnl kciim>,
thin Minna Act must lm considered
from two opposing points of viuw,
flrnt thnt of tho mine workers who
opnrnto the mines and of ncrennlty
exist In and ahout tho initios but who
de not own mitten; und »woinl, il.(!
mine owner* who, ns n rule, do not
live In thb paivluui, uv uvun tu UiU
country. Tlio mine workert, who, became of tliolr non ownmhlp, are rom-
p«U«d to aell to tlio ownem their life
force, that la, thoir brain, brawn, nnd
mnacle, called labor-power, aw; th.»
vtiltf** -rnntim, without whom tlw
mlnea would have no value and there
Tell Him He Crtn Be Cured rn
Three Days.
The Noal Treatment at tho
Neal Institute Will Quickly Restore Him to Self-MaBtery,
Tho Noal Instltuto
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 326. Phone 273
Hixon   &
Heating  Engineers
Tinsmiths and
Te!  153       P.O. 1063
Fernie, B.C.
, i    v iif
, • +,H
,    "1!'*$
i 7j *?;«>< 3" ' ••■>> •«  .-;-;S.,iii->-«^?i.'l"K'"r-'> £■".'*•-?''?*'&!*
THE:DISTRICT. ledger,-, fernir
V;-%«■':'.\     --...-■-..:    '■- \ •    .. ;^.CV *-' ■; !?' \-:' -7AA':ii~'..,$?.< r ^Vv;^'-vV^i^>: ^v^vV"\:V-,;^y;'^r")
,,\, ~fl\\..: . •  - :-. "_•,; <•>...;-;_ ■     .     Ax-X-Ay%x-7 - -'■">. -/Y^- -- ~A 7<7'.X"^ A'-    ... \'x7"':'v •y"-*'' x!:Ay '■ •"'.' a': -'-' -V A? r-.,\
Btrlke" demanding- a- minimum .wage *ot*yyy*iy ts\
"seven'peiK^ '77, '■?■?': (
bn^theV resumption' foit/-;negbtiatlonaV;>^:,,:-:'''
with^UifeemployerB^'w^: ibat" by^a' y„
majority\ p£263£, Th$ "dyeing -Jtirms>t xA7
-Hqdderafield..andJ' ip^de»feid^-haY^\^,>"^*f.
aiao}5^n^iedii&at^8Wfee*is im'5'^yAsAytij
minent^V;;,. . X 4* >• ^y-i'sA'",j,' -^- - ■•--"' -J'v.^S'-v'l
S*^'tff^ " 1* J- =. _>.' _,• -a -v.«. ,;-.-. X,y- -"->--O.'s*1.1'  1? -iv..-.-'* -i
\CTto«j .United 3 Mine" Worker* lead.inu.
Uie <gains":ink wages" during the -recent ,r"
year, vxith'an :increSBe\:of ^$8,006,000,",^,
the .Western Federation? of jiine^s tol-^Ay."' yt,.^ v
lowing,'f.with,$3,2441506J'"the^BOot'ahd.^* -,;V7
200J000:and • theymaintenance, of ■ way 'yAX.'
employees;-being 'fourth,'they~:havin'g:;.;v'r; '-
obtained an."increase^inVwaseaf.bf; .ic'-.y* :yA
OOO.OQO.^-'^-t ■■>; -" ",'-;'v- ".' X\t}A ^.-j5'\-.7-''
' Published.every, Saturday morning at its offiw,
Pellat&vemie, fernie," B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. . An excellent advertising
Medium. Largest, circulation in the Dist rict" Ad:;
rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
oolor work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No.
Post Office Box No. 380
(UNION l«y) LA BEL •-
T^ROJI an advertisemeut appearing in another
1 *T column it will be seen that tlie provincial'voters
lists have been cancelled ancl that a new roll is lo
be made which closes on April 7th. Not being1 in
1hc know, it is difficult to say what is in the air,-but
this much we may rest assured of, that Mr. McBride
has not, seen fit to do so for Ihe purpose of giving
the workers of this province any advantage''or benefit. He has not taken this whim or fancy in his
head for our good. Tt is quite posible that an election is in perspective iu the near future and that the
workers, to his mind, have been too active in getting
registered, hence by cancelling the old lists and calling for a new ono he stands to lose nothing and to
gain much. Tlie election iii all probability will lie
a dominion one. Tlie Borden naval measure is giving tho government much trouble and the Liberals
may force the Premier to go to the country with it.
The government will, of course, resist, by all means
a tits disposal, an attempt to force a dissolution, but
pressure may be too strong against it. Signs are
not wanting to show the desperate attempt on the.
part of the federal government to hang on to power,
the main one being its extraordinary refusal to submit a redistribution measure at this session of parliament. There never has been a case in the history
of Canada where redistribution has been so long delayed, following a decennial census. However, one
thing is certain and that is that the workers of this
province must see that they get on the voters' roll
before April 7th. Thc list of commissioners for the
purpose of registering voters for'the year has so far.
not been announced, but it is expected to appear in
this week's government gazette, in which*-event it
will be published in next week's issue of the Ledger.
truths.., This is a1 painful process, to maiiy, but. in
order to see the realization'bf the triumph "of.an
intelligently organized democracy ^ this -apparent
sacrifice must be made, and remember that it is only
by solidarity that the workers cah'hope for survival
in the struggle of "the fittestlto survive,'V^-for are
they not "the real men?"      .'. '...■    -
; ' .The modification of this systenl may be.left in
the hands of reactionaries, but^the revolution will
be accomplished .by the workers themselves just so'
soon.as they-realize they are "real men" and have
imbibed somewhat of the spirit .of defiance.of our
friend "The Apostate," whose'frankness may hot
prove altogether tasteful to some,Tbut,probably may.
prove a tonic to others. -     V, "".-'"    ', ;-
.. .: CON(5ERt;.BY CITY BANDl,, ?
" The- Fernie'.hand -will-be\out next
Sunday'afternoon at" 3 o'clock, weather
permitting, ;and;jrill re'nder-the-follo-w-
ing programmelzy;A ;^ '-['I/. -1%
"' "Aida "TrlonpialJMarch," (G.Ve'rdI);"
"Champion,"^ ^oyerture.'^ (G...South);
"Maritana,"-cornet solo given by.,Sig.
Pasta; ' "Over"the. Waves,". waltz;
"Nabucodonbssor,*".' qyerture, (G. Verdi); ""Tonn'ambula,"'"{ Bellini) solo by
Sig. Perosa;"1 ''The Trumpeter' of San
Juan," (Weber)"';;" "Ch'a<?onne,"'.'(Dur-
and); "King Biose,'~overture, (A. Barnard); "Grand Waltz," (Vallone). "'
the coal creek License
TN another column of this paper will-be found the
■*■ letter referred to in our last week's issue, and,
whilst the question of the writer having severed his
•■ '     /'  ■'- *- ■:•-..
npHOSE bad wicked Mexicans have "evenprac-
■^ ticed upon their deposed president, Madei-o,
and his colleague, Suarez, the iniquitous "Ley Fu-
ga." The meaning of "ley fuga" is tliat when a'
prisoner-attempts to escape he is shot down. This
does not seem at all extraordinary as it is commonplace in practically every country, but the manner
of carrying it out in Mexico is somewhat after this
fashion. The police are escorting a prisoner, and
not being anxious to waste much time upon him will
from time to time give him a prod in the rear with
a bayonet or a short jab of the sword, and asjilie
steel penetrates his clothing he will naturally jump
forward. This is most liberally translated by his
keepers to make him amenable to the,"ley fuga,"
and a brief report is made to headquarters as follows: "Prisoner attempted to escape, shot." Of
course, when this happens with a peon or an individ-,
ual in the lower strata of Mexican society but little
comment is made.. Now, however, wheri«two 'such
important' persons as Madero and Suarez are-'the
victims we find the newspapers throughout the continent loud in'their denunciation of such an atrocity
and we have the 'lily-whites' of the-Uniled States
talking loudly of an intervention. They certainly
should be'competent to act as judges in s^ich air important matter. Should they do so it is to be" hoped
that the "Dirty Greaser" will-not malce any allusions to the Homestead massacre, the Lawrence,
Mass., story of indignities heaped upon women and
children, the military despotism of Paint Creek, "W.
Va., the slaughterof the innocents in the Philippines
the assassination of timber workers in the, southern
States, or the enforced peonage of German, Italian,
and other workers in the turpentine forests. '
Stripped of the mask of hypocrisy, characteristic of all capitalist governments, it is the investments
that are being jeopardized by the present-revolt in
the so-called republic of Mexico. "Were it-not so
intervention would- have taken place at, the time
when the workers of the Rio Blanco cotton mills in
Orizaba were shot down in' cold 'blood.    Jn tins'
. In conversation with Chief" Minty
we were informed that so far as he
or'the provincial government's concerned the Coal'Creek.club can,open
its doors any time it pleases. He never instructed' them to close the bar,
but on the contrary, the management
of the-club having complied with all
the -regulations -required of J;hem the
license is expected any minute, but ih
the meantime he distinctly, told them
to continue business. That there Is
a hitch somewhere Is "evident,- but the
chief contends that It is neither on his.
nor the goyernment's part.
■■-- V.
Miss Verna Felton and the Allen Players Will Be Seen in Newo
', Miss Felton and her supporting, company are probably .the best known
company in western Canada, and'judg-
ing from the press"reviews from other-
cities where-they, have appeared this
season tbV company^ is the" strongest
that Mr. Allen has yet presented.
. The opening bill, "That Girl from
Texas," was written especially for Miss
Felton, It is a play with a strong' in-,
teresting story, interspersed with good
clean wholesome" comedy. There will
be seven plays in all produced here
and .each one will have a special mounting as a special'carload of scehery
and effects is carried.-
The repertoire includes "The Third
Degree," "A Contented/Woman," "Madame X," -"A Stranger in a Strange
Land," "Alias Jimmy'-yalentine,'!. "Ready Money,',' and "The- Widow from
Tokio." -
Popular prices -will prevail. Seats
on sale at Suddaby's.  •
' The .pplice.'c'ommlsslohets'were'biiS-
ily occupied^ 'during^tto;,rwjeeic .'With"
hearing a charge :agaij»B£> Magistrate
Twd'-hearlngs "were,giv^ji,tb'it,: one oii
Wednesday and.,the, other .on.- Thurs-.
day." Chief Hall/states1 that ^Janitor'
McEwen of the""p'6'st(offIce;lald a/complaint against ^J./F5 Spalding-ifor assault arising out-of; a -dispute 'ai\to
whether Mr. Spalding's-.dogs'lb^-permitted to go Into ttie post officeMobby
or riot. Mr. Spalding, was"'taken, in
charge,but immediately released/on
his own recognizance.) Chief Hall
then applied for' a >umm'ons -against
him. This Mr. Whlmster^'refused.to
issue, but, instead called upon Mr.
Spalding and Mr, McEwen to-appear-
before him.. At the .hearing, the chief
was not permitted to be present; he
being told by .the magistrate" that his
presence was'not desired. Mr. Spalding was fined $5.00 and costs of- $150.
Magistrate Whimster refused to appear before the commission, claiming
that by^ doing so he would be recognizing the city's authority over him,
which he- does not admit, but would do
so if instructed by the, Xttorney-Gen-
eral, with whom he -is iu c»mmuntca-
tion on the subject, to do so. In the
meantime,he is represented by -Mr.
Fisher. After giving" the,mtftteu their
deliberation the commissioners decided to write the Attoi/iey-General, asking him for an investigation:  •     '''
^-\>3.^VHOW-:i6 IT.DONE N' >'S-.- -.
■"*;'--1**.*: ?;;. , ' yy,:---, f.\'i: '.w •.- X.X?
*■■'{*■•  --T^-'i.-t-y-.-^'.sJ.-^-iv.Vrts'vt "l'i.-"-? ;J' *.
We;1 $re, given-"to^unflerstand; that
'doubts' - iavev' arisen Jin Jthe- minds .of
somelptfthe .workers, as. teethe cof-:
rectnesr o^,the;,theoryf of-th^system
of' exploita&orf0nde^ the tVagesf syV
tern. .V There' vareysomeSwho" contend
that itcIs/"toot/only-at".;theVpqint?'qf-
production,'^ ,but. also ^in^jfte^reaim/rof
cbnsumptloniUhat, the) ^qrker^flnds
himself;, fobbed.' *. TpHhrast^this" ^matter" outvtherev.js" taile", of' a?general, debate ih the -basement 'pt. • thos Miners'
hall cr: "the evening of ^Sunday,;-week,-
March,. 16th; c*ommencinYat1"7roi'ci6ck*.
ri*'U* *-*.•>
'   :.„ Vs-,    PENCE WAQESCALE
-\.YORKSHIRE, March 4'.~For nearly
four 5veeks,\ 6,500 dyers have-been, on
.-^vei^y'man'Vthihfis ho,knbwws-,a lot   :
about womea\nntil-h"e marries one.    V
A general strike is talked of by. the
school, teachers of France.- Recently
a number of them were fined'for disobeying the court's' order, to disband.
The French government seems determined to, break 'up the' Teachers'
union.   -     ■ •.     - -      ,'"..--     a'
-.<> -
connection with the Socialist party may appear to
-some superficial observers as an important matter,
we would point out that this is a detail of very minor significance.     The individual is the product of
heredity and environment and the intellectual is
generally attracted to the Socialist movement by
sentimental or intellectual reasons, and if he finds
that the struggle for existence necessitates his withdrawal from active work in thc class struggle he
becomes more or less a nonentity in so far as the
progress of the movement is concerned.   "The moral duty of an individual never exceeds his interests.
The only thing which exceeds those interests is th",
MATERIAL power of the generality over the individuality." (Diotzgen.)   Tho so-called'Progressive'
party is reactionary and every scientific Socialist
'knows it is the outcome of certain economic conditions, just as much as the growth of Socialism is tho
result of specific economic conditions prevailing in
various countries.  It is impossible for any intellectual, however gifted, to maintain that he oan' bc both
n reactionary and revolutionary at one and the same
timo.   That he may gather some of thc spoils from
tho camp of thc reactionary politicians is to his immediate material interests, perhaps, but ennnot bo
palmed off as a gain for the working class, whom
they desire to delude.
To our minds, however, thc most important aspect of this matter is the lifting of tho veil hiding
tha hypocrisy of those desirous of dominating the
affairs of tho peoplo.   Many people imagine that
politicians nre really "good" men, and by good we
do not mean tho mushy sentimentalists of the Sunday school variety,   It is thc custom of politicians
Necking tho suffrago to pander to nil, or ns many as
possible, of tho potty prejudices of the people, taking particular "pains not to jolt them from their inbred superstitions and blind faith in thc so-called
truths they have had inculcated into thorn from the
earliest days—Riich as religion, patriotism, and re-
flpoctnbility.   However, Iho politician has learned
from experience that no supernatural powora intervene in tho nffftirn of thin mundane sphere and ho
has come to see tlmt that much despised doctrine of
matoi'ialisin is the only mothod whon dealing with
practical affairs.   Wo aro not now referring to nil
politicians, but "the" politician*!   who   nro   tho
Ktrongth of tho capitalist regime and are out to fight
iho menacing advancu of ilomoerncy.     To under-
stand this is of great moment to our well-meaning
nnti.Snoinliut   frlund*  n»vl   TTfnnieno    nrul   olmuM
}\n\n\i nwny y.ome of thoir pet delusions nn to'lho
flood intentions of those who they imagine nro representing their interests,   Thc play of material in-
tereslii is being exhibited just now in British Columbia hv the Irtbernl nnrtv. whrme nnnnrfnl  re»»nrd,
for tlio workers of |^ho province can bo deduced by
tho8o understanding the very enlightening theory
of the economic interpretation of oventn.     " The
Jiopo of social democracy in based on the organic
neccwilty of progress" and tho in'Mridual who sup-
1>ohoh thc evolutionary process ia going to adjust
Itnelf to suit bin own peculiar notions of what Hhould
Iio ju«t and right is certainly laboring under a do-
Ituion, and before he become* fully convinced of tli<»
lojficof the class Rtrugglo ho will find that he will
Imve to discard Noonor or kter many of those ideas
which be ban been taught to look upon as absolute
bloody drive sixty-four men, three women, and four
children were slaughtered by the butchers of'Diaz.
Tlie armchair philosopher may talk about the bra-'
tality ancl ignorance of the .workers in the land of
the Aztec, but history, teaches us that peasants in
revolt, are never very squeamish in their methods
nor is this to be wondered at when one reads of the
damnable treatment that has been meted out to them
by their masters, when the old Jewish theory of "an
eye for an eye and a.tooth for a tooth" becomes
exemplified.; The only individual who' is actuated
by a desire lo throw off the yoke of capitalism and
is not puffed up with an ambition to become an
office holder is Zapata, whose slogan is "Land and
Liberty." The fight of the Mexican' is a struggle
for living conditions and while we may criticize his
methods we mWacknowlcdge the justness and naturalness of his actions. At the same time realize
that it is not alone in Mexico that tyranny reigns
but in othor and so-called more enlightened countries, hence the working class everywhere ought to
recognize the fact that so long as they remain pawns
on tho profit-producing chessboard thoy can expect
ho emancipation from tho yoko of capitalism.    .
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
TO RENT—Large-,house.. Apply to
W.^MIntonj Lindsay ave., Annex.'. -% "
FOR SALE—Household furniture.
Apply ^to W.' Mihton, Lindsay avenue,
Annex.    "        ■ „-   . -
■ ;*';: • x-.yyiNCWlGE.yyy sx; 7
"< '  ' ' -,   .. '       9   j k '     •.    , " ' "■  *       **<*  ' A    ,
y    > ' '■       >■ ™   |,,i      * *   1    -   lv    *•  .     '     •     ^     / _ *■ .'   '
Schedule Provincial Elections Act
" „'■' Notice is', hereby given that the list.of Voters"for the Fernie-Elec-- ■*,'■
1 toral District has been' cancelled and that applications to be placed on V
the voters'list, will b:e received at; my,office at the.Provinciaf Court
House,   Fernie,   B.-C, , where printed forms'of affidavit to lie used
.h in" shpport Jbf an application  to'vote will • be' supplied. / Thejllst .'
- of'persons claiming .to vote ^wlll-be suspended from and after the sev-*
. enth day of April, 1913," and, a Court of Revision will bo held'b^the'
ioth day of Maj*vl9,13,': arid notice o'f:, objections to the insertion?, of'.'_
- any, name'1 on the, Register of -Voters.m'ust;be given td.me.thirtV.clear-,s
days before .the'.holding1 of' the. Court of Revision.-,.; .- 7X. * ".'" - -;" .-
.Dated rthis;3rd day, of-iMarch,-1913;"- 4--'■:'-    ' --:,V-    '-" '   ,'.■'"'    -'
-.' .... '■• \      - --   '-> '    ,r-'-'\---•• Vr-.    : "'  ,   *-,;-\.,.- -•'   ,.,'■ ,--. ,
:'  '■   ^  o-"'..V .      •     '."■■*    ' \-"''»'' •>'•/J-'!S.lt.-.Al.EX'ANDER,\  * ,'_",,'--
A-- ,,..";       Registrar of Voters for the,Fernie} Electoral"District' '
v.. I
K   "
That- a'
careful selection of "enter--
taining and instructive pictures prove
attractive to the patrons of the "mov-.
called forth by the presentation of
"Thelma" and "The Raven," two" films
dealing'with the literary productions
of the well known writers, Marie Co-
relli and,Edgar Allen Poe.
The Isis has earned the reputation
of being the pioneer in high class moving picture programs, and-In addition
to the items'of a more serious nature
a good sprinkling of comedies Is introduced, "making an extremely attractive evening's/entertainment assured
to the public.
- For Friday and Saturday a political
play which will appeal to the people
of this part- of the country will bo
shown. This Is '"The Ropeater," a
dramatization of a well known peculiarity In the east Kootenay. A dramatic production entitled "Tho Thief's
Wife," and ,an. oducatlonal oubjoct
dealing with Ellis Island,'"The Gateway to America," ns well as five comedies, "Aunt Hetty's Goldfish," "Tom,
Dick and Harry,"' "Ragtime Danco,"
"Tho Professor's Dllomna,'',' and "The
Cross Roads," will bo shown, .
."FOUND—A sum of money.-.Owner'
can have same by-giving description
to H.'-; Wilkes."  '      "      ' - -'    , •,-;'' -.'
,   — .   . _ |
FOR SALE—2-room shacl-; on quarter, acre of lan3. Apply-to'J. Cha::'
mack, ,West Fernie:      -    ."    ,   29-6t*.
^QR^SjLLE—Furniture for sale. Apply ■ to Mrs. Thos. Robertson/ Pellatt;
ave,,- north of Central school. v     27-3
in writing to Manager, Home Bank;
Fernie, B.C:        .
HOUSE FOR SALE—Four 'ropms,
on half acre of ground In .West Fernie,
Also 92 "chicken?. Price ?800/Inclusive./Half cash. Apply tb GcW.cc
Alexander.    . 28-3t
HOUSE FOR SALE—3 roonr shack
and skeleton of house of elght'rooms.
Verandah'. • Lot ' 40 x 140.' (Will '.'sell
cheap, $400,' half cash. Apply to Jas.
Meek, West Fernie. -.    29-3t.
Steam Heated Throughout-.'-
Electric Lighted
', '*   '•*■ J. L. "GATES, Proprietor    ""'
'-':•> ■'... "     - ,  .     -  -"■-   -. , V  "•'.'  -.'     ;. *  r*    ■
-   '' x'. -.  Fernie,'B.;C. ' ./"  ' :ai: ■■'• sax
The Leading Gommercial "Hotel; of" the Cityl
. Rates $2.50 per day' a   .
. .With Private Bath $3"oO.
'; Fire Proof Sample" .
''Robms in Connection 7-,
s Recently children havo heen sent around accosting people on thc fitrcct hogging for funds for
foreign missions. We considor.it would ho moro in,
keeping with tho situation if tho Chinese were tp
send missionaries to various parts of the British
empire to oducato some of thrtto who nro under the
impression that it is only thc "honthon" who aro in
need of attention, Great Brilain-forccd tho opium
traffic upon tlio Chinese, and at tho present timo
tho commercial element of India aro wondering how
much of a loss thoy will havo to sustain if tho Chinese government persists in tho attempt they aro
making to stamp out the evil, Tf China complies
with thoir treaty thoro will not ho so great a financial loss, hut if she doos permit its fulfilment then
a strict compliance with tho terms of this infamous
pad with a Christian nation means a further degradation of her people, Tho treaty in question is ono
of the legacies of tho former regime, and wc feel
suro that ovory right thinking individual would.ap
plaud the aot of thc Young Republic in repudiating
nn agreement ho injurious ih its effect upon her
See Mrs. Todd's clearance sale to
make room for now mllllnory,
shack and lot, also stove, in" use a
short time, and 'also a child's pram
(baby's crib). Apply to MrB. A..L.
Walker, Colcleugh ave., Wost Fernie,
noar Ice house. 28-2t.
stand'nr brod stock, .barrod. Rocks,
whito Rocks, white Wynndottos, Duff
Orpin gtone, $2,50 per 18; Aylesbury
duck eggs, $2.00 per' 11; $12.50 por 100,
white Orpingtons, $3.C0 por 13. Albert
DavlcB, Fornlo.   • 29-1.
Football Season Will Soon %; Here
Team, work is what counts and;the.force"at the ^is.has it
.  Look at this combination for
'Aunt' Hetty's" Goldfish- y.....7..-.'..,'. .,<..;...;.. ,'.\ Comedy -
The Repeater .......'.  Thanho'user drama, a political' play "
.Tom, Dick and Harry .....'..',./........ .,: Comeay!
Ragtime Dance  •!•••.•.•'• *•*,** • •*■ • ••'••• •"• •■•••• Comedy
The Thief's Wife .,7 .American drama," a woman's love .
1 Professor's DHemria ..' '.....■........'..,.,...'....",.'..; .Comedy
Gateway to America, intimate viows of Ellis Island Educational
The^Cross Roads ;...'. .' .'  Comedy'
Another Big Double.Header ,
Wednesday and Thursday
2 Reois - Caprices of Fortune ■ 2 Reels
A young man, after seeking fortune in many different locaMtles,,
•returns to find lovo and fortune, awaiting him In his own home.
, This picture takes you through many funny and thrilling advon-
turos In the onst and weBt. ,-!.■". i
Kick off at.7.30 and 9.45 .
We Show Nothing but tha Bett Pleturee
■ Qi
OAN trm T.tfOPATOD mAHa!5 its bpotb?
Of late the hierarchy of the largest Christian
organization in the world is dovoting quite a lot of
its timo to denunciations of the tondeneipi of the
Labor movement. The latest ono to. lako the field
is Archbishop Ronnie of London, Kng., who irt reported ns stating in thoVourso of a denunciation of
syndicalism that tho Church is in favor of tho ays*
torn of privnto property. This, of course, is hardly
news, and to show that tho priestcraft is much tho
snme ns of old, we quote from the Roolt, which some
like lo consider infallible, "And the CIIIRF
PRIESTS accused him of many things,'* (Mark 15.
v. 3); "But the CHIEF PRIESTS moved thc people
Hint l»o (Pilnto) should nthor reloMo Rarabbas,"
(Mnrlctf, v. 11).
& Grand Theatre
•   .   > i      ' '     '  ■  '
Commencing Monday, Mar. 10th
' * i
'   Miss Verna Felton
■■■■" '-and-    *   ■■
The Allen Playfers
Presenting: an Entire* New Repertoire of
Plays, .commencing Monday Evening, tt
with C. T. Uawey'8 Triumph aa\a
"That Girl from Te;sa&
11 i   ' \HyiJi jmt*\ *3|
Change of Play Nightly .
Royal Hungarian String Quartette
Enquire about Madame X
Popular Prices      Seats on Sale at Suddaby's
'    in .       ..     r ..    ■ ■ ■■■■ '■
mummwi -mm
wtftft*«HHHfi** m MMwumaiwii^**—^**"W'»
.„.**H***maiin*kf'"<"s    ***•       re <^w*»#iFw^*'ry \.i**&eM*nmMx*# vmnv&tmt*wumimv*r!*i.*>
HT^'iivVwttirw '» %\t-'£&'i'
>?'-**> a Kir,
■^A***.**.^,*], -7
1 KPSWfi /4f|'^fc^':?H^^^E^^:l5^^^^5.'^^^ft'-'% ',"'wi
"i-,»V V'-'-'W'
,>; c^Y**»*****»* »******-****-******
MMMl»y¥»»V"»"t»^  «......... „ „
1 A.OT,*,
NOTES :;-X   :+
i ':^h*:hoctey- team; cinched .the.Frayv
;ier;c,ap by beatins:JFran:fi W-Monday
'^Ight.i;:jTOB;'Bc'oreyasrll''-Vo 2. -.' '',"..'
'Y>,r*9j?\,SaiUI^ar* last ."theY^idents bf
Y Coleman-who'are natives of the land
l'0f.-the'leek.clld honor tofthelr patron
'Wty.ty holding a^concert'"and:dance
\ Inthe opera house! • There was a good
: crowd. and" everyone,' enjoyed "them-
';selves.       ,   ■••   „_ '•  *"'-'   **.' -v '-
.,, T. Milley feJlofL'the water wagon
f" on..Saturday;: but we' are -pleased,to
;, 'state that .he. was not-much hurt and
-..'climbed Jils/perch, again on Sunday.
' -;Keep"~a tight hold, of the'side boards,
^om." ''>Y"Y: ;Y "''■ - -.-;"■ -
i >;' Mr; 'Wright'/ late manager. o£ the 41
^/c^^tat^?arket.. left,Ior Spokane;;,the
;' •-l,:''??i9lP«"oT.hl9 family,'?on,Sunday morn-'
A!'}iiBXA2vyA,\,: ,-'',-   ■•-   ;, j.   :, *y.-A ■ \ '
-\„v,^.t,c^are out for a''meeting of the
•;<Crows Nest - Pass., -football'" league'vto
"• .he.'held in Fernie. '*. '-' / ," -,' 7
'■;• Word has" been" received thatY'T.-1
. ^JacksonT'Cbleirfan's centria'haif.-is'.ijue
-■U9>»ive' hack.froto,:the,old couiritry
. -.about the first week; iii -April. 'Team
,/builders, take.'notice'.-, v.%  .   \-.y -*
./^OurioM'.-frieWY^'Mffey"-' \viiB" in
JrouWe,'last [-week-end 'and..the judge
J said'''Five-fifty.".1.A ,.<'■"■'- .■-,*.
•■: :HuBhie.;Anderson,'a native ,of Fif<\
■ blew-into;town last;Saturday and sjavS
.._ -a leeture'.'Jn^theY-bllliard1 room- on
... iihlonisni;.- ,The-Jecture was very.-ably.
,/  delivered,, and.placed the men within'
A. the/kingdom -ah&ad of all o.ther Brit-
-'-, Ishers-in, the principles of .•unionism. '
■'.The feature film.at.the opera house
-r;on Tuesday, night'was'a "play in-three
^iicta,  entitled  "The-Black Panther."
.-.The"pictures]were excellent and We
; -enjoyed by; a very-large audience;
; • Y'Jud&e" ■■ Grahagi.varrived. Tuesday
Y- ?!sht from the Arrow Takes oh" a visit
'\,:to'.Ker father.-,   ' .','" 'AA. •:'„ '_.:'- y.S ,-
■ V.",".-/&, Disney has, secured.the. contract
"; for .the Novation o'f "theopera house.
■ }. A. complete'' scheme, of ^ new' decora-
- .': ,tlons has been decided-upon, and whet*
-- 'finished,'- the- house will ■ compare fay-
..erably with any In the,Pass for attrac-
[/ --'-!.- tlyeness.'"'; -  >   *■_; - Ay/-, *- .. •-'-_-, '- -,
<Danny' says; nothing doiag.''') ;
D., Campbell'an<[;'W.;Dunlop'of Bur-
m'iajwere'vis'itors (n-town'ori~Wedries:
day,5'-.f 7'y: „''?"'■.'■??'.'• '*" : •
} J.\ W.^Poweii,^.late,'of 'tbo International. Coal 'and:'Coke'jcpmpany, dropped; off .the'-tra'ln on Saturday last-on
his return "journey to Coalniont-'" Y-  ■'
' Two well knbwn and prosperous
real estate imen of this town paid a
visit to; Passburg on'Tuesday last arid
report'that business was so brisk that
they ,had to engage a'rig to bring,
koine the-sales.contracts.. •' .   A -'
♦:>' H Charles Warlaby,' brother- ■: ■♦
♦ in-law of Winounskie (deceas--•♦
♦ ,ed) late of Corbin, B: C, will . ♦
♦ .kindly communicate with bis- .,"♦
♦ ;trlc't Secretary A. J. - Carter, ,♦
♦~ he ;wlll, hear "of ..something " ♦
.♦;  which will be to his/interest."  ♦
♦ ♦   ■'        - "-"'"   '*
J;    (Dayid' Hyslop,".lastryearYpresident
X<m Monday to Miss McDIcken of Cole-
.;--,man.;    "    -'   rr '-.   \ • ■,       \7■' ' ■ - •
■ ■ ,We hear that there are to be a good
JY many'weddings ln the very near future, and tn* first, gne will be in the
immediate  vicinity  of  the '"Mounted
.Yl'ollce barracks, ..Be.careful, boys*;.-'
., "Jim Kellock land-' Archie Anderson,
' who, have been enjoying themselves
at the coast for the winter,.returned
;~    to Coleman on Friday last.   Jim is as
fit, as the proverbial fiddle and • Is
ready for the Opening'of the football
season.      ,'      ■„-.•■,   '
Mr. Woods, late of the Dreamland
• theatre, ls back,In" town,   ,
, The Oddfellows lodge are having a
"ball lii the opera; house on Friday
; iilglit.' This is always a well conduct-
oil affair, and all contemplating taking
-' It In may, bo sure of a good nlght.'s
"• enjoyment. *•,,''    ■   • -
. »      ,             /■                ,  ,
__ ' i   - __-	
' The-hospital arid doctor question is"
the question "'of,'the hour. Don't forget mass meeting on Sunday.'* Spec*-
laf.traln leases Coal Creek at, 1.30 p.
m. -AU employeessof the C. N. P. coal
company^, are- earnestly requested to
attend;;   . ,-    <"v"Y.- '   -     :       .,-',
- .dwflrig to-the floppy state of-the
weather t"tie electricians are unable "to
do any house- repairing. Hoot's-awa,'.
mon;'Jock. \,Wipe" your feetl-.. ."
' • George Cady and his men are taking-
advantage of "the springlike weather
and are pWhing ahead with tWstruc-
tural alterations to the" school up here.
; Jim Langdon, employed In- No. ;12
.mine, had the'misfortijrieto break his'
leg Thursday noon. 'From.information
received." If- appears'. that' he, - was putting up a set.of timber when the Brace
vcame;<>'ff, falling on liis leg;-.'"-; -'
»"" Edjvard Coates/.an old-timer. In this
camp, -blew back..from Vancouver;- Say
Teddy; how do you' like „a. prohibition
cariip?   Oh dear, I am so;dry!   ; 'A
-^J.'Farrington, "Bob Harland and'It:
Pettlgrew• of.Vancouver" were .taking
in the sights of this burg, op Thursdny.
Sammy - was, glad, .to"-see' you, Bob.'
ijpw nice to talk',of old times:,'
.When shall Ve.have another smoker, boys?' It's "up-to you.'.     ,    ■' -
.VMrs. ,'NIedig came out of the hospital Monday.   She' is .managing to get
around"a^bit" again/ -,   '' „  \
Our Professqris busy parting with
the'dbughYfor the Waterloo cup winners. ' What, a-.prty the, liar is. still
closed! "Yr1,   ■;,,,  !- ,'"".    .
TTack Eckersley has gone on a trip
tonhe"6ia~country*;in connection with
family riiatters."   Bon. voyage.
The funeral of the infant son of Mr.
and a Mrs. ,,-W. ^Parker took place on
Saturday, Rev. • Pearson, Presbyterian minister, officiating. ' , -,
Mr.-and Mrs. W. Parker desire to
thank' all-nelglibdrs and friend^'for
tjheir help and. sympathy during, the
illness' and. subsequent passing away
of their, Infant son
1 The executive committee of the Coal
Creek'Amateur Drnmatic club met, on
Sunday and decided to produce a farce
at the Linn benefit concert, to be held
In the Grand theatre on Wednesday
March 26th. Full particulars will he
announced lator.
Persona Interested in football mat-
tors attended a mooting In tho club
hall on Sunday last, when It waB decided to run a football club here.-The
officers and committee woro appoint
ed for the coming" season, which is As
follows:,; Honarary-president, Mr. j.
Shanks; ylce-presidents, Dave Martin
and Dr. Workman; secretary, R,Bl'ls,
borough; treasurer, W. .It. Puckey;
committee, Messrs. J. English, R."
Sampson, W. "Harrison, R. Butler, J.
Sharpies, R.- McFegap.THarold Birkett,
F. Nee, J. Logan, G..Barker, W. Adams
and J.' Mitchell .x
.Freddy Percy - was: taken into the
hospital'on Monday evening'to under-:
go treatment, for .-an Ingrowing toenail.   We expect him .to. beout'in. a
day 'or so.   \ r.   -   ,v '..•',
-' S^y, Jimmy; what price the clothing
expert now?.   'Naff sed.'       -.
-'.The schools; copimence at* 9 a.m.
now. -The, kiddies-are not so pleased.
All" those,entitled',to a yote "are re-
quested/to' see that they are put, oif
the list- The old list is to be"destroyed. All British, subjects of the'age'of
21, or oyer , with' "tlie necessary - six,
■months . qualification are-, eligible.
Watch the. Ledger for. names of commissioners.- -Don't forget that the 7th
of April is-the last ■ day ".for registration;   .-'"-v,-   ."•:_"   „. -   ■ ,
♦ .♦ ♦'♦ ♦ •"♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Sunday last attending the funeral ot
the: late'Joseph Itatciiffe.        .,;  ■•':.
- ,Billle, Cole and some of the^bpys
went to Pincher Creek Friday night
to look after'the wrestler,,Fred Bealle;
- Danny Dunlbp was a visitor in camp
on Saturday.
7The Rev. Young and Mrs. Young
of Frank .were visiting in camp last
week. - t ■  •    -
, JMr. J. P, Mitchell, who was here
last summer selling Maple Leaf real
estate,"was a visitor In camp from
Medicine Hat this week.
; .Jim Burke was a visitor to Fernie
this week on business. '
Mr. Robert Conley went to Pincher
on Monday to be present at the Old
Timers' convention.
John A. McDonald
Special Representative
Ban Llfe Assurance Oo. of Canada
'.,.*■ -'. .•-..- ,  Ageut ,» ■     " »       ':     '
Singer Sewing- Machine
'    . $2.00 per month
Phono 120 ,   ;. rBLAIRMORE Box 22
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for Academic Exam'vmtion
at reasonable torms
Miss M. H. Williams, t. A. B.
'♦    . ;; ,. Y.    .♦-
*> ♦ ♦,♦♦'♦ ♦ ♦>"♦' ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
.. A feellng'of contentment and confidence, is prevailing amongst the'workers around the camp," which is bound
to bring results long looked for..
'■ The annual meeting of the' Library
association -was held in' the hall on
Saturday, the.first,the report for'the
fiscal-, year,being submitted and'officers elected. There is a credit balance
of\ $91.00 to the asgocia_tiont*4landis,aJ
creditable increase in the number of
books in the lending library. ' The officers "elected are: Lewis Stocket, honorary president; C. M. O'Brien, M.P.P.
honarary vice-president; D. G. Wilson,
president; W. McCardell was again
electe^ as trustee for ,the„ outside public" and men not under the jurisdiction
ofthe union. ■
A singular fatal accident happened
on Monday, Feb.,24th, when a trainman on tho C.P.R. yard engine was
struck by a timber when passing the
tipple. He died shortly after being
admitted to tlie Brett hospital.*,
A colored gen'leman blew Into camp
the other week who has all the necessary qualifications for n-"stayer." His
specialty Is Max and Mc's."
' Born, Feb. 28d, to. Mr. nnd Mrs.
Smnniotto, a son.
A change Ib to bo made in .tho post-
office. Mr; Soulo ls to be replaced by
Joe Scarr, who- gets the position as a
consolation .prize for faithful services
rendered In politics. '
Mines Inspector Scott paid, a visit
of Inspection at tho mines the 27th
and 28th of February.  <
A quiet wedding took place here on
March 3d between Joseph Roper nnd
Margaret Stuart. Tbe couple loft the
same day to reside on Mr. Roper's
farm north of here.	
Now thnt tho wo'&ther Is changing
It is hopod thoro' will - bo an effort
tnndo to clean up as It Is difficult to
distinguish tho camp from the, nuisance grounds,
-Fred Watson is away from camp
demonstrating the advantages of Bank-
head coal for firing purposes. Success, Prod.
-"Nothing doing.around-the mines of
Taber district at* present. , The small
mines are, closed completely, but-the
big mine is hoisting a'little every day.
Most of-the1 miners have drawn their
time and gone elsewhere. The homesteaders have nearly all gone to their
homesteads.       . r,   ■ -
Taber miners are, again talking cooperation. ,. A meeting is to be held
Thursday evening' in the Miners' hall
toi. decide on-ways and means of raising funds to openja store. t The. meet
ing is'well advertised ,'and ought to be
well attended. Jt ,1s expected that a
number, of-farmers will be present
■ A; meeting jmder, the auspices of
the ,U. F. A. will be' held in 'the Palm
theatre on Saturday afternqon. 'Mr.
Woodfine will be the speaker.
' Tbe Order O'f Owls has organized a
branch at Taber with a laige membership. " A smoker was held in the
Miners' hall on" Saturday night by the
local order, the proceeds to go in aid
of a gymnasium to be opened in Ilobbs
hall. The smoker wass largely attended, ' Among the events on the programme was a,*wrestling matcli and
two boxing bouts. Several soo.i singers were also heard. The refreshments and smokes were there ia'ao-ir.-
dance and.everyone voted-it :«, jolly
good lime.
find Paris a warm" place, but-you never know your luck. : ■
, Andrew Dunsmore left for the coast
Sunday morning. We will miss ,you
when the football season starts, Andrew.     • ,.,.'
Allan Marshall also pulled out for
pastures new on Sunday. We simply
can't keep the "white men" here.
Hosmer local intends building on
their lot in the near future.arid havo
already appointed a committee to^talce
the initial steps. This will supply a
long felt want as far as the local Is
concerned, «for what with autocratic
secret societies and high priced opera
houses a suitable hall Is hard to ob-
talft.      ,,
Wm. Fowler is now counter juniper
for the Hosmer-departmental store.
There's nothing like work, Bill.
Some of our influential citizens have
their eye on the money evidently, peddling eggs being the latest sideline.
It's to be hoped they, are not rotten.
Mr. Price, manager of the Royal
hotel, Isn't geting much opposition at
the trains these days. What's the
matter, Harry?
■At a meeting of the local, Sunday,
the report of the delegate to the" convention was, received.
There is a movement afoot to resurrect the defunct Hosmer board' of
trade.- The "initial meeting is to be
called'-in the. near, future,' when all
interested in the town's welfare are
expected to be present.
John Beckett is talking about work,
a sure sign of spring.
.The dry.goods stores report a slump
in the cushion business, but-by the
looks of "things it won't remain that,
way'long.. * ' ■. "
- A meeting of the Hosmer football
club is to be called for Wednesday,
March 10th, at 7.30 p.m. in the athletic hall, Queens-hotel. Prospects for
a winning team were never better so
cornel and boost things along.
■ Jack .Mihalcik was a Fernie visitor
Monday having his molars,put In
shape. -, '. "' -
-,We liad a Madame Johnson versus
Mrs. Jeffries .'contest In one of' the
stores downtown Thursday evening.
From all accounts it was an exciting
struggle/which is, we understand, to
be further aired - in the police 'court.
Hgsmfst.fc>EjBXcitementl— ——r
The Complete Hopse Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
We will furnisli your house-from cellar to garret
and at bottom prices. ., Gall, ,Write,  Phone or   ".,
Wire.     All   orders  given   prompt attention.
If you are satisfied tell otliers.
Tf not satisfied tell us.
play, "Old Hickory," will be
given in the L. D. S. assembly hall on
Wednesday evening,-'March 5th,'1 by
the M.^I. S. of the town. It was staged under the supervision of Mr. J, .17
Walton.. '  - i
Building operations are practically
at a.standstlll In Taber at"present and
there are a lot of men unemployed.
The only building In course of erection
ls the Bank of Commerce.
A1 local Liberal club has beon organized In town with quarters over the
Bank of-Commerce.       "      '       '    ■
The Miners union donation to their
late brother j. Lynbrlck's widow amounted to over $300.
j i
♦ ' ♦
♦ H08MER NOTE8 ♦
' - * y,   ' Wo carrya full line of
Red Feather &' Tartan Canned Goods
* Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back' ■-,.-.
Phone 103        :-:   "    Frank, Alta.
The miners "are getting their picks
handed out to them now, which Will
doubtless stop pick pilfering. We are
thankful for small mercies.
The .Ladles' Aid of the local Presbyterian church met in the home of. Mrs.
R. Gourlay Thursday afternoon and decided to give a social 'on St. Patrick's
day. Further particulars will be given later.
Don't forget to try Easton's
When you want
Coleman Bakery1
.Alex. Eastern, Prop.
-The Store the People Own"
Box 531
Cnre of W, P. Williams
Thomson St Morrison
funeral Oireotora ^    Fertile,
" X*ocal Agents
B. C
Wo nro in receipt of a lottor signed
"A Friend," contradicting a paragraph
which npp«nro<! in our Bellevue noto»
lost week, concerning; tho death of
Mrs. Jaa, Allaopp, which the eortft-
pondent claim* waa1 not a fact. ' If
thia be no feol aura that our corrciv
pendent regrets any grief be may
have caused Mr. Allaopp, and wn on
our part congratulate Mr. Aftaopp on
tho rumor having no foundation in
fact,    tmitnri
Mr, and Mra. O. W, flfwtdwln trt*rr*.
away to Fernie on flnndar attend!nit
tho funeral of Joaeph Jlatellffo.
Fred n&alle, the Halloine man who
wont to Pincher Creek Friday nlvbt
to wreatle Ont Ranenn b«*i i*« *"'•
fortune .to put hia ahoulder out nf J
place after three mlnntea of wreat*
ling. The decision waa given to Guy
Sanson of Plnthar.
Dollevuo local held ttfelr refutar
meeting on Sunday when Dob Ixivltt,
'1el«KUtc to the'convention, gave part
or hia report. Thare waa a large nam-
her lu ulUmlanee, At thc nen meet-
ling Levitt will finish his report
Mr. Hath Vrnonsld, who left here
seme time ago for hia homo In Nova
Seotla, returned to camp on Mondav.
Mr. McDonaM'a mother died while h*
•tMM Ui bouw.
Mr, O. W, Cooalna waa at Ferule on
^iA/NT13D--All working plugs to see
thnt'they get on tlio voters' lint. Tho
present lists are to be cancellod, so
thnt It ls hecoBsary for, everyone "entitled to n vote to be re-roglsterod,
H. Brown nnd W. nalderstone, are the
commissioners for Hosmor. All British subjects over 21 years of,ago and
with the necessary *bIx months' residence In the province nro ollglble.
' Jim Wardrop has started as fire-
boss in No. 0 on tho afternoon shift.
S. Lynch Is going on morning shift ln
place of R, Smith, who has gone to
his ranch tit\8lnclnlr, B. O. ','
Miss h, Pickering of Fornlo' waa a
Hosmer visitor last week-end, being
a guest ot Mrs. 0. Musgrovo, v
The stork paid one of his porlortlr.nl
visits to,Hosmor on Monday nnd left
a son nt tho homo of* Mr. and Mrs,
Ben Dorotty.
W, S. Sproulo bf Corbin wnu n Ho.i-
mor visitor thia weok. ,.
Tho flro department have occupied
the old school house as a fire hall.
Tho coming world's heavyweight
champion, Oscar Mortimer,, honored
Hosmer with his presence Tuesday
night and gavo n, four-round'boxln*
exhibition.    Wo aro afraid he will
Mobilization Orders Issued Similar to
Recent German Garrison
CARDIFF, Wales, March 1.—Tho
Welsh military authorities wero the
victims today of n hoax similar to
that which recently caused the entire
Gorman garrison nt Strnsflburp to .assemble for inspection by Emperor
William, whose approach was announced by a practical joker.
Military and polico officials received apparently authoritative instructions to begin tho mobilization of tho
territorial troops on a war footing.
Walls and bill boards woro promptly
placarded with tho mobilization tr*
dor and telegrams wore sent to all
territorial soldiers rosldlng in outlying districts. Tho arrangements for
hillotlng tho men inhabitants of tho
towns were well under wny beforo the
hoax was discovered.
All goods sold under the co-operative plan are selected for two.
Not, will it pay? but, i.s it pure? will it wear? did thc man who
produced it receive a fair wage? Then, you nre sure of getting
goods at cost.
The men's department is better able to cater for all a man
needs to wear than over beforo.
READY-MADE SUITB   $6.00 to $24.00
Tbo Newest Styles in Men's Felt Hats, $1.00 to $3.50 .
Now Caps, 60 styles and patterns, 75 cents to $2.00
THE SLATER SHOE, $4.00 to $7.00.   UNION MADE
This is surely tho Store for Men's Wear.     The Store for thc
Mnn who has sonic Self Respect.
Keep tho Money In Coleman
#mt» or Ohio. Crrr or Toutno, i..
U-?A» COUXTT. f M'
runt j. OHiMcr m-tkK omii tint i.t l* wil*
wruirr of on arm tl V, l. onm k u>,, uolni
bmlnem In thp Cltr or Tol«do, County Mil huu
•foftwlil, »nd that nlil Arm will pny Hit «um ol
pvis uiwonim noi.t.Min tor no* »n«j wrr
•*«• *l CATAHfiH that cannot Im carta t,*t th* um ft
llJiu'i w»rAin cutis.
8*«m to Vjort m* ud luferiuil In mr i.rmmw,
UUi (tii day ol OMtmbtr, a. u„ j.iit.
\ mal \
llollf O.tirrn rum l* takin Inttmally u-d iru
(*nij ' "
Not*»h) nunc.
itrntlj ujw'.'"ilii» »"»^V »n'<rniiirflii»'iufiit"ii "ol'iii
Hftiil (or t4«tlmo, IIM*. frri>,
Pool Parlor
Two Billiard Tables
Three Pool Tables
Bowling Alley /
Cigars       ;
V. J, CJUr.NJ'.v" * Cft„ Tr.1clo, 0
.   . lint*, TS*-,
j«u ina-' rim:i_ (•mt tui tiMtiiiigiion.
•told liy »ll tlni-ml.ti; 'iii*,
F. M. Thompson Co*
1*hc Quality Store
Blairmore, Alta.
J; Graham, 5™E:
The   Sale   of. the   Season
F. M. THOMPSON CO., will hold a 15 Day's Clearance Sale for Cash,
FEBRUARY 15th TO MARCH lst Inclusive
Take ymir dollars to Thompson's they will Uo tltuble tiuiy for IS days
All Goods Reduced
Miner's Shoes Cut to the Soles Clothing Away Down
We are better on suits than any lawyer. Don't forget opening date
^ggyjgggj PAGE SIX
. -v .fX,fyyX<-V-:--S-'^ A
THU,DISTEICT LEDOa^VfiRfe, B, C./.MARCis, 1913.
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. }Ne
cah suit your .income,
' Call and see us.
Realty Co.
1 (
Fire Insurance and
; r- ., i-
Report On
*- / ^-   * ,*,     *     A"     " ■ ,        .
- y Mine
COLEMAN,' Alberta.
Office in Cameron Block
• 'All'Work Guaranteed _
<   JOHN  BARBER, D.D.S., L DS„ •
•       ,,    DENTIST
Office: Johnstone and Falconer Block
(Above Bleasdell's Drug Store)
,   Phone 121     >'     *
Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.' ■
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices:   Eckstein Building,
' ...      >
Fernie, B.C, t
In its second report to the British
Home Secretary, the Explosions- in
Mines Committees-consisting .of;: Sir
Henry Cunynhame,. chairman,' -p.-" Al
Redmayne, Captain A. H.- Pi Desbor-
ough, Professor H.-B. Dixon and Dr.
W. C Blackett-^eals'with the relative
inflammability of various coal-dusts.
About half the report'is taken up by
extensive"-extracts from two papers
which the chemists to the committee,
Dr. R. V. Wheeler and J. Burgess, read
before the Chemical society; in 1910
and 1911. The-report is thus largely
chemical; but the question of inflammability has,- of course, a wide interest. *. '  '
The degree of inflammability of a
combustible material, it is pointed out,
may-be defined as the degree of ease
with which its oxidation can be effected so as to produce flame.   The Inflammability would thusr in the first
instance, depend upon thet chemical
affinity of the material for oxygen,
and, secondly, on its physical condition.   That all finely powdered combustible materials are explosive', has
.long been recognized.   To determine
the affinity the chemist should know
the chemical nature and constitution
of his material.   Engineers- would expect that chemists would be able to
tell them all about the constitution of
a particular coal, if that, knowledge
w^re of' any real practical advantage.
As a matter of fact the constitution of
coal'is" obscure.   It is difficult to ascertain that a certain , coal—one   of
those   experimented',_ with— contains
about 63 per cent of fixed carbon,' 2 ot
moisture, 3 of ashes, "and 33 of volatile matter, and that further analysis
yields ahout 87' per, cent carbon, 5 of
hydrogen,- 7 of oxygen, 1.5 of nitrogen,
and nearly "2 of sulphur..' The fixed
carbon; it is-well understood, consists
chiefly, of , carbon and -hydrocarbons j-
but the 'question^ aij>to which are the
real constituent^'' and in which' way
they are united/is not easily-answered. * Two metjiods of investigation are
possible,- In the first method the, attempt is made to extract different constituents from the coal as it is, by
means of various solvents—chloroform
benzine;  the constituents so isolated
are   generally   resinous,   difficult   to
identify, and they form "only'a'small
portion of the coal.   Bedson'introduced pyridine as the solvent, and the
other method is that  of destructive
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
L. " H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor,'Notary Public, etc.
Mr. J. E. Arsenault, a Justice of
the Peace, tnd station muter at
Wellington, on the Prince Edward
liland Railway, says:
"Four yonrs aco I slippod In the
station and fell on a freight truck.
sustaining a bad cut on tho front of
my leg, I thought this would lioul,
but instead of doing bo It developed
Into a bad ulcer, nnd later into n form
of ccrorna which spronil vory rapidly
nnd also itnrtod on tlio othor , log,
rioLh logs hocunio so swollen and Horo
that I could ouly go about my work
by hnvlng thorn bandaged. My doctor
said I must stop work nnd lay up.
distillation at different temperatures.
This method was used ■by Wheeler
and Burges in the> already-mentioned
research with good results, and they
arrive at the conclusion that all coals
contain at least two, different types of
compounds, one of which is more easily decomposed than the other, and that
coal must bo regarded as a conglomerate, of which the degradation products of the cellulose—in the original
coal plants—form the base, and the
changed resins and gums the cement.
The gums appear the more readily decomposable by heat, and It. Is they essentially which yield tho paraffin-
hydrocarbons as gases—that is to say.
methane, ethane, and their higher ho-
mologues, tho paraffin proper, which
occur In petroleum and ozokerite,* and
aro produced by the distillation of
shale oils, lignite, etc. Now' theso
paraffin-yielding constituents aro chief
ly oxtractod by pyridine from tho coal,
and this observation promises to furnish a now criterion for the inflammability of coal dust.
If coal bo n mixture of compounds,
ono kind of which rondlly yields, Bomo
Inflammable gas nt comparatively low
tempcrnturo whilo thp - othor kinds
lmvo to be hoated for Iongor periods
to high tomporaturofl to, liberate tliolr
volatile matter, It mny bo ■ assumed
that Inflnmmnhlllty will chiefly dopond
upon tho proportion of tl\p flrBt com-
pounds, 'For oxploBlons nro goncrnlly
ennsod, nnd also propagntod, hy lit;
Btnutnnpomi heat generations, which
may llbornto tho rapidly gonnrntad
gnu, hnl which would ho Iofw Influonc
cd by the total amount of volatllo mat-
tor that prolonged hnntlnrc might produce This wnH rocounlzfd yours ngn
hy Muck, of tlio PriiBHlnn Flro nnnip
CoinmlHHlon. which body tmggwttQiI
lhat It wan rather tho rapidity of tho
frnH evolution than llu total percentage
of volatile mnttnr which decided tht!
Inflnmmnhlllty, The point litis boon
overlooked, however, und _ tho many
varied nxpoi'lmcnlH conducted in tin*
rojio and Amorlcii on iho Inflammability of coiilriunt hnvn mostly paid moro
num wire coll, Jwhlch-is'electrically
heated as a means Hof-exploding, the
dust.   The temperature is -.nieasured
by a thermo-couple—*f- platinum -and
platinum-rhodium—insidethe capillary
The coaldust Is introduced by means
of a blast.through.a.tube 2.5 cm.',in.
diameter,' introduced * in't^ the end - of
the main tube.   The blast is produced
by allowing a weighted piston to drop
in a brass" cylinder.; The weight of
material for a test -.is 2 grammes of
sifted and dried dust.   When ignition
has heen obtained the temperature is
lowered by steps of 10 degrees, Centr,
until ignition fails.   At 10?0 degrees,
Cent,  a  flame  might,   for-example,
still propogate rapidly tb the end of
the tube;  it would travel" slowly at
1029 degrees and no.ignition would
take place at 1000 degrees, Cent.   In
this instance the relative ignition tern-,
perature, at which a few carbon par-,
tides burnt on the platinum without
causing a flame,  was  estimated' .at
1015 degrees, Cent.   In general, short
bright   flames   traveled   faster' than
long' duller flames:, > The' flame was
propogated also against the direction
of the travel of the dust cloud, but the
ease of ignition ' was -not   always a
measure of the "ease of, propagation
of~the inflammation.   When the platinum, coll was replaced "by a narrow
strip of platinum, with which" the dust
would remain in contact with for"*a
longer time,  the appearance  of the
flames".changed, because then,,some
less volatile gases would also be freed
the   temperature    determinationT~of
strips is, however, difficult.
Over " 50 - different coaldusts, "add
dusts of sugar, starch, flour,, lycopo-
dium, gunpowder,, sulphur, and charcoal were" tested in this way, ' When
the coals were grouped as to, their
total volatile matter no relation was
found between,' ignition: temperature
and -percentage -of Volatile matter.
When, the coals'were grouped as to
the percentage of matter extracted
by pyridine—calculated on - ash-free
coal'dried at 107 degrees,-Cent.,—the
ignition temperature ro'se-fronr 995, degrees to 1105 degrees, Cent., .as the
amount of pyridine extracted decreased' from 38.8 to 20 per cent, "with a
fairly.satisfactory regularity. .-Other
factors come in of course. An increase
of 4 per cent, in the ash content raised
the ignition .temperature by 20 degrees
_Cent.Jior_instance An^additionJirstL
of 4 per cent.-and then of 20 per cent,
■of'shale dust to a certain coal raised
the ignition point from 1005 degrees
to 1025 degrees and 1095 degrees? Cent.
Limestone dust had the same effect.
The addition of 2 per cent, of sodium
bicarbonate prevented-, the spreading
of the flame altogether;v Ignition was
observed at 1075 degrees, Cent., but
the flame did not travel for moro than
a few centimeters. The similarly determined relative Ignition tempera?
tures of some other substances were:
Sulphur, 340 degrees; gunpowder, 550
degrees; lycopodium, 940 degrees; sugar, 980 degrees; and starch, 980 to
1030 degrees, Centigrade. ' • "
In a second series of experiments
tho committee tried tho arrangement
which J.—Taffanel and A. Durr have
adopted nt the Llevln station, south'
of Lille, ln Prance. Ih this arrange-,
ment a vortical porcelain tube has Its
upper ond reduced In-diameter, and
bent horizontally. • Tho horizontal
portion contains tho coaldust—only
0.2 gramme" as a rule—while tho von
tlcal portion forms .tho continuation of
tho hollow core ofnn'electric furnace,
consisting of a tubo/mirroundcd by a
platinum coll pnekod with asbestos
and>. mngnesln. /Just above tho upper
on.d of tho furnace,'a copporgnuro slip
sopnrntos, tlio porcelain tube from the
furnace the hoat,'ot which la measured
by  a  thormo'couplo.    Trtffn'nel ,hnd
while, anthracite'' dust;. containing- J5
per |_cent sof^YotatUe'.matter; hadto :be
heated/SQjttegrpes"*.higher^ '_Tho~ fine-.
nep^t"^e~,dustt'thelfnabili,ty,;6f the
mate'flal^and' "the'-close" packirig'of -its
molecula^lvstructure, aref-'of' course,
factorsi "of MmportanceJ Further study
of these"features is. more important
for thp. efremist'' than - for - the_ miner,
who is convinced by-this time that all
coaldust'-* Is ^dangero.us.-rJEngineering,'
London." i-SS:".  ' A?-^X?;'•' . l    , ■
-  "J think:-! "reaii^f."^
self during- tfie^cainpaignrlast^faU?
The" following .is the .-letter taken
from the "New. York Call" and'referred1 to in our columns last issue) and
to-which 'we-again refer editorially
in this issue:   '     ' * .
"Socialists are'fond of illustrating
the Infamy of capitalism by showing
that a vast majority of the women
who embrace the "oldest profession in
the world" do *&o because they,can't
earn enough  -'"honestly"    to satisfy
their, legitimate   needs.   You   don't
conaemn\the   women—you- condemn
the system.     What I should like to
know Is why you get go red-headed
about what- your limber-lipped soap
boxers call "intellectual"prostitutes:"
I suppose I am to be .Included ia that
unpleasantly named category, I know
that'around, at the hall.wher the Socialist local -meets they are holding
Indignation' meetings over my case,
•  "To get to the point at once: I haye
chuclced up my membership in the' Socialist "party.1 I-did'it   because, my
boss wanted me to do it.   As chief
editorial'.writer on one of the boss'
papers I mad&a smashing campaign
for the Bull Moose party with, the result-that" the Progressive vote, in,my
'city .showed- probably   the   greatest
proportion "of; the. total vote'of any
considerable. center - of population in
this country.     While X 'was\writlng
Bull Moose editorials f was also writing Socialist articles   uiider - a" pen
^ -
name—and "they were good Socialist
articles,'if I do say it myself. I know
the "capitalist character of the Bull
Moose 'movement as well, as you do
and. I hatter myself that in my "alter
ego" articles . last fall for. Debs , I
showed the "true inwardness" of the
ItoosevelMPerljins-Flynn evangel. - But
writing progressive -"editorials' is :;a
heap more profitable than sacrificing
my own career and the comfort of my
family on the altar of "a damned barren ideality" like'the chance, of any
early Socialist success. A'short while
ago.I "got a considerable-increase in
salary and—what's even' better, than
with Perklns^'-wiOu5ratfe''!;A'ddaTns^.et
id omne genus* ^oa.1 "didn't' succumb
to the "social rbrjbe.,;J;;,That--sort--6f:
thing doesn't"ko'VUKVmrel^ut isn't,
it the truth, th'at^eople'ioffthat sort
are a whole lot" moire j'pleasant to Tas-
'"    ^    '      *-'Z*~*    I.   -4*\ • *    -
sociate with ,uiany> ill-mannered "and
uncouth Socialists?^,;^^^'?Vv ;f
, "Most Socialists" "afe%iil;mannered,c
and, "aside-from*-aVfeV ^exception's;
whom  one seld6m;vmeets^ .most ^(h
cialists are densely ignorant;'. vThen,"
too;-they "are suchj/easy.mark's." *7 , \
"During my several'-yeaffl af membership in the,Socialist party I have
seen it involved iii local and'national
squabbles over- perfectly;> absurd ""issues—all 'raised by tricky and "noisy
nobodies who couldn't.raise a ripple
in an' organization composed of reasonably intelligent human beings,.  In
my local I* have 'seen ^chance1- after
chance   of" "effective propoganda allowed to escape while the "membership   fatuously/ fought  over; puerile
issues or no issues at all.     ■    .      ~
."Do you-wonder that I liave become,
sick of it'all?   Is it,any better in the
national  field?  "Take,"for example,
the present turmoil over Haywood. " I
suppose he will'be recalled,, hut^you
can't tell, me the. verdict .will" be-intelligent no matter,which;way it goeW
Back, of Haywood are indubitably ari-
archlstip elements, but even;Hayw«iod-
himself doesn'tknow.it. On the otlier.
hand the;"political action'.' wing ar?"
scarcely 'more   intelligent..' ^If Haywood is relegated to'the fear-it. will
8nly, mean-.that."the right and.'-JudK
cious tiling has been" accomplished-In
ihe wrongand injudicious way/. - "' C
'Thave,yet"to'see a Socialist'party
issue "settled on"itB merits.   Flannel-
mouthed   jdemagogeryc on   the^one
hand "i's/'met -by, flann'el-mouthedL "denunciation: on the' other. -The "membership-'- .through   its " la!ck " of,Jntelli:'
gence„ is -embroiled-  repeatedly •, over
the recurrence, of-identical issues in
only thinly disguised form.. -You may
march V'your''. tatterdemalion --army
right up'to„the battlements of;capitalism" - and. tlieir if  somebody -says(
"Let's "go fishing," the militant ranks"
will" melt-away like.mists- before a'
summer sun. .   \* "A,*' t* y.7'y-.
-."The capitalist system is.as-"crazy,
as a June bug," but the„ Socialist party
is crazier. ,.It seems to1 me.to.be a
choice of evils. '  In  good   time, the
capitalist*-„'systemv" will - be' profoundly
modified,' but ,while "that '.'good/time*'
is coni'sg why shouldn't^ be  comfortable? - •-> *.-'  '<,   ■ *-   .'-©is.. 7 •
*t"*mj'tt'' .
;Dealers'^iri';-^.t* •'■	
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";-;:- %.VV-,*British Columbia-needsi.men;.^vith^atobition,/;,'':'•
,:-/ .-J-eriergy,- and-backbpno"tQc|ay.''1Men*!who'rliave.grit -fyA^  I
;- - .";.':,m" their" make-up;: menthol have'.faith}in';thfem- r- y, .\![
}-Ax - selves."-- -       ,     XAA^yfy.*' 1*V-v.,_•'"'"".'"■''I'.iTll'-.'
--•'. "mX,7.""- Are you such;a mant^. ^7*'f*'-1 ^rX-y-A'X^y...^       ..
Are you willing to; wo'rk-rrfor yourself ?
j . '-
""'"""After clx rnonths of this" troublo initcnilnn to toml porrontngos of volft'
f. comultrd another doctor, but with | tlio maltor, nulioH nnd molnturo, than
■o bottar result. I trlnd all tho salves, to fh„ n,,||t|Vo vo,„tmty of tho con-
DnlrnfntR.nnri.lotionsi_I lumrd of,_b_ul tHllllIonl^   niH Bm,oml roport ,8howH
Instead of liottlng hotter I got worse
*, "This was my condition when I got
my first box of Zam-Buk.   Greatly to1
my <lt'U&M*l ium Ot al. una 99**1 um if
lift,    1 rt\riHn\ti*itl to nripW It lo lht\
goroi, nnd day by day they got bolter.
t, could seo that at last I had got hold.
Of somtthlnij whlrh Would turo mt,
" Ind ln tlio end It did.
i " It Ii now over a year slnco Zam«
f»^V invVrfl n  eiirc In w» enni*   (ind
tticro   lino   li.;pn   no   return   otf   tho
' Such Is thn nnturo of tho great curst
•irblch Znm-Huk Is dally effactlng.
Purely herbal In composition, this
front Imtrn In n euro euro for sll skltt
dlieste*, cold sores, chapped hsnJs,
frtitit fcft^, iilfcrs, hloftd-poUonfnir. t*rt"
eoss tort*, pll^i. icalp sor«, rln-f*
trornv, InflRW patches, cuts, burns tad
»>ru!*jr£   AH dMRRliU snd stores sell
.et C"c. box, or post free from Zsm-Duk
Co,, upon receipt at pries.
Hint tho rnlatlvn Ignition tompornlurn
criticised tbB' AloftB experiment^ bo«
rniiRolie drVoneouBly hollovod that attention'had not-boon paid ,-tO'tli* yalnii
tlio mivtprjn\thj), qoiil-Just. II« Jiulgoa
tho |nrifift^:n.'»tl(tyifi'tft;i1io 'dtfgt.' from
tho vttNTtio'i&f tlto, flnnlo' ni)iionr4nR at
tlio, lWcr^d'<o.f'UiP'iiorcolalu tubo
bplow tlioi furnaco. Tlio flvo oxporj.
niontflfiwlileh'tlio rommlftoo'raad^'on
tUono.'.'llftoti Rttvn, howovor, tlio'.snm©
ordor pf Inninnmnblllij; as tJuJr first
oxpbrlmonts,,'- Mucii dopondB," with
thiH npunrntun, ofcours'o, on' tlioi vo«
loclty of Ihn,Wast and tlio longth of
tha fiirnnco, Uy Introdliolng n looiio
spiral of «opnor itan/.u Into tho porco-
laln tulm tlio hnnlliig aurfneo was In-
orcn»od and thn Ignition tompornturo
of a cotil—loifi (logrooB, Cont., accord-
Iiir to tlm prnvloiis mnthod-—wns rn.
dueod to 810 dogrnes—whon tho tuho
was empty—nnd 700 degrees, Cent.,
•—roppor Hplral In tho tubo,—wlmii
tho ulr pinion took 12 socoikIb In Iln
of nil coals experimented with wero | fall, and to 820 degrees nnd 800 du-
KOinowtiat near \,->W degrees, Cent., \mecu, Cent,, when 11 took .in second'!
■rtlu.ii (lit! ["'UctUahti ui' *,\Hiai,Ut**.iiia .1. it* lull, Ui iiiUitt-i' iiiiiujuwiii,,
i&ylractod by pyridine amounted to 20 Nome oxygon Into the furnaco tubo tlio
or SO; In the ew of four coal*, whlrh   Ignition point  rduld conRldtrably bo
did not contain more thnn from -I to fi
piT cont. of Hiich paraffin ylnldliig con-
was nborn 1.400 dcifrcos, Cont. This
Is tlio chief result brought out In tho
In tliolr Inflammability lostB tbo
committee followed first tho methods
tt*hl«"li wore Introduce! about l-llfi by
Hoitjwnrt and Von Meyer, nnd adopted by Pcdaon, In Noiveaattc, !n the
improved spparstui of the committee
n horizontal gists tubo Is u«cd 8 cm.
In diameter, snd 140 cm. long, A horizontal quarts esplllary tube pusses
dlsmetrltftlly tbrongh this main tube
tubfl being wound with with a plstk-
lowered anil.Ignition produced In car
(is in whleh It would not renult In or*
filial^   iiiii.    tliu*  oiti ii»U)hkUii,  ktttu-
tlvo Ignition temperatures woro observed: nitiimlnous coaldust. 560 do-
greos;, soml-anthraolto, 600.degrooH;
nnUiraclto," 780 dogroos; nnd wood
olinrcoal, 760 degrees, Centigrade,
Tlio hydrocarbons, m«fh«nr', etc,'
given off by tbo coal would themiolvoo
Ignite at,and beloiv W desrow, Cent.
Tho chelrcoal dust had been purified
In chlorine gas and In n vacuum at
11 DO degwies, Ce^t., for five days,'snd
probably did toot contain any/ Inflsm-
n»bl« g»« therefore; *|et' It titt »
tt rm^ frotti ore* t-nrl,  tho *v»tifn.nrj* ttnntl fn tit* *f*f *t *b* tnirt^tirnlltiilf
low t«tnp«raturo of 750 degrees, Cent,
salary—increased authority.' ■ ^Now^. I
am slated for- the chief /editorial direction, of one of the boss'-more important ' papers. ' - ' - <     ".,   ■-,,
' "Why did I resign, my Socialist party
membership? Frankly,'" I hardly
know. , Nobody in the party kicked
last fall when I, was - campaigning
editorially for Teddy, as long as' I
didn't,l take a' public part in urging,
.people to vote the Progressive.ticket.
It is true a "Comrade" who, like me, is
an "Intellectual," invited-me-out to
lunch and pointed out "my "anomalous"' position, but he did not directly
suggest that I resign. Hp left the impression, however, that he didn't consider 'it quite decent, for me to be
whooping It up for Teddy wtih one
half of my brain while devising arguments , for Dobs with; the other half,
It may be that, this interview had
something to do with my final determination to-resign,-but I doubt It. I
ara perfectly, honest with myBelf nml
my reasons for .wjiat Ihayo.donecan
only bp understood In ,tho light bf
my career, ■ It ls;an interesting career
psychologically consldprod. „
, "I am of "good; family," At college
1 .prepared for .tho Christian ministry.
My radical point of- vlow. soon got mo
Into troublo wltlrmy congrogatlon nnd
tho governing body,of.-my church. I
was- cyoungor • then' arid 'I -resigned
.mthor .than recant or-abate.tho un-
.compromising matter of my,sermons,
After a bit of- physlcsljand spiritual
.wnndorlng I -.got into, tho 'newspaper
game ith a roportor.-* Newspapot1 work'
provo'd ^'nutB''*fb'r mo; iMoBt'nawspn.
pop mon- are.- U'-Tdensoly.*'-Ignorant
Btupld lot, nnd-T had' rto troublo pick*
Ing up tho pattor of.thobuslnoHs nnd
forglnc ahoad. It was-only a uliort
wlillfl-tlll I-wns.Ht<tr asslRiimont mnn,
I wn;' si von the riranlntlo.erlticlHni nnd
In- « i\'*m or so«wns mado managing
editor. Tlien-l was-put nt odltorlal
writing oxcluslvoly, and In vlow of the
anonymity of this lottor I can say I
waa nnd am a good odltorlal writer,
Tha financial and other rewards that
havo como to1 mo provo It,'    S   ;''
"On t|io pnpor everybody - know I
wns ,a Soclnllst. They aVno knew I
wns a preacher. I scorned to conceal
olthur fact, I am an. effective upea]<-
or—nn "eloquent preacher," to ,bo
uului (mnk about It. I have filled,by
r«iuo*t on numerous orrnnlnnn nrob.
ably tlm most conspicuous pulpit In
my town. I >>avo beuu in great demand, also at various ami sundry
meetings of "good people" and liare
always talked "straight goods." , I
hid Iln whon I recall a sermon in
wmrVi l rtwinred my Hoelnllst convictions lu a prominent church. ! was
strong In tho Socialist faith then nnd
shocked tho substantial and conservative .congregation wli on I told tbem
that tlio llttlo Soclnllst locals woro
the only places f knew wfwro tfifl real
Christian spirit was to be found, and
whoro thc real Cbrbitlan vorit w
being done, I smile, too, at Ute recol*
lection of thn praise of the consider-
able bunch or Socialists w»»o attended
to tm too scrape tho whitewash off
the "wWted «tpu!ch«Ni.w Now th«*
mn* tfftofslMn- wijuM lflt>t\,t* bfri-V*
tbo hide off me. «  .* y
~ "Then, to"o,"there is no doubt~ln my
mind that I csin-do even more as" a".
Progressive r editor to'-stimulate the"
evolutionary '.process.' than as a "Socialist. The present progress'of Socialism has, come despite, not because
of, , the Socialists. -The sparse fruits
of,..victory which havo already bfe6n
gathered were, ,not "earned; " -they
dropped mellow ripe into/ Socialist
mouths agape and mumbling foolishness.     ■' ■    . -' : -\      ; --, / '
^Democracy Is foolishness. ; Tha
mass is irreclaimably stupid.',' The fow
must advance and safeguard tho,interests of tho many. '-".'.
/'In this conviction concerning, the
stupidity of tlie masses, I am In accord with the anarchistB, But the
anarchist is inefficient. The mas»
strlko is Idiotic ln a, country like
America, with Its diversified and mutually hostile elements;' Haywaod
would lead' his ' dupos "through a
slaughterhouse to nn opon grave."
Ettor and hls'folowers,would get no
nearer tho Co-operatlvo Commonwealth than tho rock pile. . ,
' "On tho other- hand, Berger nnd his
like are generate w'lthuot .an army.-
The working clnsa will not follow the
leadors of ita own class. Ingrained
In tho common' fiber Is the .slavish
respect for authority. - Nino' Supremo
Court judges sit tight In' tho boat and'
"hold a frotful r-Jalm In awe." Potor
Kdrngoorgovltch sinks his knlfo; Into
a ltlng:nnd Is himself king'of a complaisant" king, En ver Doy on a whlto
horse rldos up to the scut of government In Conptnntliioplo,' kills a mart
and the "rovoliitlon" Is "un fait
"Force, dlBcrcctly timed, hnd tlio
master man. Thorn's your govorn-
mont, wbother In AbIo, ISurope, or
Amoiica, Ono blast of HoobovoII's
horn and thousands of worklnginon
will rally to his standard to ono an*
oworlng tlio ulii'loks of DoIjh, , I know
It nnd you know 11, so why pot rooog-
hl«o uy ,,. ,.>„
.•'Portunntoly, I lmvo riot boon'.bor.
slstonj enough' In public (is a Sodlallst
to riiln- my roputntlop for Judgment,
thorefore I can eimngo my political
baso easily, No ono who njn'ounts to
nnythlng'ylll hoar my Into "Comr'ndOB"
denouncing mo, ns a' traitor and, an
"Intollnctnal prostltiiln." Even if tlio
oliarge Is hoard It will havo iio offoot,
bociHiists uuii i linow how .to punlNh.
Tl.*.) , Liiti t,uMoh viitii, \*liiuU to
"Vours for tli<» revolution (brought
ji»>out by rcal'mon).
(Wlmt do yo:i think,of thnt? It
sounds harsh, Imt sums up the opinion
of tho iiiiiar-floclallal, 'who usoc hio
ability to 'tonko good," whilo nt tint
same timo us'rg the Socialist movement nt if rfi^r^lon. Tt l* tho op'nlou
of tho Jivoroiro "antl.pnrllamoniarlan
floctfillftt," the enm wh6 looks will; it/.-
eranoo at tne po ftlct of other clasmii,
but bitterly assails working class political action. Tb* above Is their frank
opinion of us. Wo nay, dislike it—
but Ul*7 atsllke «• still more, eren
»b<mfb tor awW* thay tomttlti In our
organUaUon.~Bdltor, N,'*f, Cail.)
"?   i.. "~.. Right* at'yqtir"dorr]'iri;.th*e Creston! District,are •-   / •.'"]
|v '- -vaxtumber of "small farms, with-the "richest "and most'
..fertile soil on this' continent.'.'-'^Where', crops'"are^
.BIG-,, where "demand'is "steady," where,"marketsi "are
-bandy,">'nd where-success is sure.' t\^'- yXyA;--;y
'-, * "These farms are" waiting 'for • men—:the- right-.
kind'-of-men.'1,. Men who will;Avork nnU'-make'good,'i
-.' as dozens have done before thera.'- -   ,. xy '-■•-*...;'j; ■
"'•^  -You, can do as-well1 as ■these''men." ■l-B'yeu'-with-"'
,'Out practical experience-yqu.can start saving-from-
$1500 to $2000' after your!irst year..: -  ^'A \.«,    y
. Write us for.(raore particulars, it is"to .your"
, interest,and burs and you tire under no obligation,.
. to purchase.**,    - •   ■ '- A,\*    y ; '^-v'-   ■ - -,>V-i
*  Wo are not'-.philanthropists, .neither"-,aro. we.
' hogs, and arc willing to share,a' good thing, ■■ \   y
, ', ■''''■,',.'. > '■    *-'n
E. Ross Mackenzie
Sales Agent for the Owners'..     J'-.'V
P.O. Box.519 ~ Phono'89  ',
' Pernio, British 'Otjlttmbia    (
i       Z C 1
• -'. X'*,
*. '  * v*-
-. J]
' " h *
Why Don't You Take
A Good  Spring Tonic
,You nobd'It—Everybody needs It—Wo nil need, a Spring blood
cleanser, nerve tonic and bracer, When you got up In the'morning,
tired, Insy-Hit, tho,breakfast tabjo no appetite for food—nt your dally
vorit no ambition or ability—nothing nccompllsliod all day but yawn
nnd Btrotoh—your system iioods braolng, your nerves need Bottling:
your energlos need reconstructing.' Lot us shovif you tho host Spring.,
tonlos for nil ngos nnd under all, conditions, tlio kind thnt will olonnse
your blood—restore your nppotlto—braco you up—glvo you doBlro and
ability for work, pluy or study—a troatment In ovory.rospqet that will
' keep you woll and happy all Summer,
L      J    t
fr        1
Over Ivici-ettjt'a Drug Store
Our new Suitings aro hero.   Splendid wearers,
.   handsertto tweeds 'ani wowed?,  Drop In and In-
. A *'    ** *^>*'p   i**iv*
.apect thorn...     f\Z.   ,
,.*•       '      19 »V    ■ ' ,
ftlllTR Tn MfAfttmK PROM $1(1 UP
. Latest Nowv York and Paris Stylos J1-
Qenulns ijM-nQh System of Dry Cleaning
Ladlos* Pahoy ahrmonts a Bpoclnlty,  Fonthors,
Fnrs, ^Olttvos, 'l^dW^fi Men** HaU cleaned or
dygd and| .bloplco'd, "inyj^lyla,) '»    •   4. "
At rsssomble prices.
Out-of-town work attended to promptly
Ledger Advs. Bring Results   t
H^liMlMNiMMK^H^WH^^^M*^ ifk ti£ipy$ttk&1M&'i***^'Wl&tWt " x-^y*^- &i*~k\-i
"-% j t1-*-«    s}f'
:':* -  ^'-><^
^rgPWs^t^^cttHTSaBcwsy, i
J     ,-,,.',-     -^.fv-S^.^i> ^'V^.U.*    - -^Sss^^'^.yA-^s-ss^-txA-    -Hxy.-A-   "v   ■---•- ■ v ,<>S-i-<^'."   -*~
\X"A *^^s*3\&v^~^ Atx-x^'xx->-' r ' -'TixWr'^.-* y
{7y ~£-^— -;-^^^^,-\ ■:«; :-^\\,i-Q^^^|^^y^^rV^>^;-i: ..yr■;-/ THE BISTRICT^LEDGER;; P
FBMTCB; B.,C., MARCH 8, 1913-Ai
mLBkmft Convention S^KJ SiMTiS
F™"f,^.a- t-Mmberjack's Standpoint.
*Contre> Exploitation-'*
■ 'S> -'
'"£•1 7.
One; qi the
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of;
x. Lethbridge,:'Alta.\u-
• S 1*.
IgDivtt&Van's female M\k
rX'^'f, A'tellable French regulatorj'ncver fails. "These
A.,;McDougall, Mgi'
'*H&i^^S,>««"'Of'S0-   "ailed ta any'addVess."
:^:t:fi?h; SwbeUDru* Co., St. Catharinei. pnfc
->-:' ;s*v-'-" '' '^—:1:.„;^ ■    —1; X ■''-'-
\ -
, 'ft
'Jr.™ t
:You're always welcome here.
-   *     -, 0*      ' -_.       " - i 4.   -
JClean -Rooms,3(est' of
,? ",-/• Food; and^evetyV '-f'
\ •'•-fr''attention^! ''v""
■A" *,-*■■-A-- ■■■•'~   '--t-yX-j   ■, r-'v-yy-
X i.-Xs'*'.' -..'.-x-.x-■,:-, .;„:-,   ^..
. f*,,\.«,,».
■y'" Wholesale (Liquor Dealer -
v.:;-„■■" ;v.-i."-.•• -■ ;,j,;-! ■*■ ..;■.•
.Dry Goods, Groceries-Boots and Shoes
"   - , -•■ <•' ,       ' ■ "i   »      .,.-
-Ay,;' -_Gcnts'n Furnishings-,  '"'   .'
\ Manufacturers bt and Jieal-
J~l-A?      ';■ -:."* *"-it .-**   .-"* ~   ■ -
SX.X ' . r%   ..' '•*,' -, --**,  ,*."-:-      ' ,'v
,-ersinallkiridsrffRdugrh -
■:x and Dressed Lumber-.
Send liis "your orders
BELLEVUE, Alberta". '< '
■ ."".Every '    .■•'.,_
' conYGJiience
., ancl  4
' Monls tlmt iiiato like
'motlior used to cook
*H.,wmmai,m^,mmmi^m,mt- ...n—amm***    ,   an,     ,    ,  ,__i'^to£EZm*
Best in the Pass
r -     ' > ■ -■*
,.■,Joe, Grafton, Prpprlator.
i*' A.
BestyCommercial House
'"• b.tfxin^the.Pass   ysX- .:
Excellent. Cuisine
antf Hairdressirig Parlor
:a: Billiards'and Pool
,',:Lunch Counter,
.  '    A* " j   ' ,:-■ •    i'   ■
Ben Wallace. >
-, Le seul remede a l'exploltatloii cap
italiste est~le "Veritable socialisme.",
SI pous pensons que reiHa'ncipatlon*
des travailleurs ne peut se faire et ne
se-fera,que.par hi collectlvite"'natlpn-
ale s'ewparant de tous les ntoyens :de
production et d'echange,' cela ne^vout
pas dlro, que la petite culture, actual-
loment ssl ingrate a celui ^ul s'y.atlon-"
no; 1'outllMe metier, bu la modosto
machino' du petit industriel, t'rop sou^
vent mis en chomage helas!  par la
concurrence formidable que lul font
los lnimenses uslnes et ontreprlses a
capital anonyme,- pas plus que l'hum-
hie maisonnette,,penlblement acqulse
au. prlx de; mille "privations' par, les'
.vleux travailleurs; en seront la fan-
coh.'atnslque les.enriemis'de la' classe
ouvrlere se.plaisent a'l'accredir fausse
men.   .    -     7   .        V    -',
; \ Non !-;ce"ne- sera 'pas'.non plus par
les, guerres'.Intestines^'adrbitement fo-
mente'es" par des- intrigants! qui, jus-
qu'a. present, s'en .spnt -ehrichls,- en
excitant line^partie des' travailleurs
"contre Kautre, au moyen des divisions
syndicales entachees'cle'leur politique,
ou.meme 'des, haines anti-rellgleuses,
rappelatit'en^seris inverse lles--ferocl-
tes du'Moyen-Age.,'  ',■   " V,"
,Non! r.'em^ncipatlori^buvriere ne'se
fera que' par /une" faction sociale rat-"
icnnelle," secouarit'le" joug des-graudes
compagnies, dont les ramifications pa-
rasi'taires.vabsorbent ie plus clair .du
labeur mondial.".   ,'
- Bt,c'est en'siiprlmant les frelons de
la grande ruche nationals, bourslers,'
agioteurs et trusters accaparer.rs, que-
le 'peuple pourra joulr'^intejrralement
de son produit, dans la society eiifia
debarrassee des-rats,,de syndicats et
des. profiteur's de' pourcentage, dans
les cooperatives anti-ouyriere et.anti-
sociales.       '      -,    '    :Casse-Cou. ■-
Italian    >":■
,- I minatori scloporanti del W. Virgin-*
ia vengono fueilati dall'a sbirraglia.;Le
compagnie .niinerane difendono il'llsio
diritto alio sfruttamento, a suon di'
-  Nella contea dl' Kanawha sedici minatori yennoro fulmlnatl e piu di yen-
tigravemente ferili.'
.-1 ferrovierl pefehe'simpatizzano co-
feli ■ scloporanti   vengono   fattt  segno
alle fucllate delle guardle minerarie.
In un vngone si contarono 78-buchi
prodottt dalle palle del fucill.    -   ;
, Nolle repubblicana America Buccsde
ln"Buropa, nella monarchica Italia, per
esemplo,     I servitodl del padroni, i
mastini post! ■ a difesa del prlvlleglo,
mitraglaino 1 poveri che si lamentado
'djUessere poveri e ,di vivere una vita
dl atenti, anche lavorando como tanti
.- II capltalismo, sia che nasconda le
sue vergogne sotto una bandiera stel-
lata o sotto un tricolore, e crlminale
ovunqiie; disposto a difendere" coll'as-
sassihioil suo privilegio.- .    '
Si i 'layoratorf vogliono allontanare
il pericolo]1 di essere da un momento
all'altro fiicllati devono procurare di
essererforti'.'concordi, uniti, decisi'a
rovesciare collalforza delsnumero, con
tutti i mezzi '.che hanno a portata di
mano, i! capitalismo.   - -
Se non vogliono capir l'antifona con-
tinuino a d.igerire-il pjombo delle mit-
ragllatrici,'la ro'e'eia della miniera e a
grattarsl.i pidocchi.''        „     »
~ -The lumber manufacturers are evidently firm believers in the value, of
organization. .    ;/        ,    - "„ ,.
-It is-just as evident that they are
firmly;'convinced of the value'-of political 'action. Tliey Relieve ^'demanding laws to benefit their industries and in strongly opposing laws
detrimental to their welfare. "  .-.-
They believe In Influencing the appointment of "government officials
with Avhomthey have to deal,' and in
influencing' such officials after they
are appointed. ■ •    "
I will
Pour parer aux tentativescrirainel-
LBoy Scouts deglfStati Uniti 'che
ascendbno 'adesso a 300,000 pervasi di
ardor militare, saranno i futuri fucil-
atori degli operai. • \   -'.
I preti ed.i'capitalisti hanno bisogno
di sbirri per'; difen'dere e perpetua're
il regno del furto e de! srumlragglo.
Non avendo potuto ottenere ,un au
mento di salariorgli operai .della" ditta
Fairbiinks-Morse di BeioJt, Wis., han
j * i ; i
Liquor Co.
* ■. ,  '        ••'s
. Wholbsnlo Donlors in .
, Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
no .dichiarato lo
.Gli scioperantf-sono quasi tutti-Ital-
iani."   _'A  ,'  *     *      ..      '   - , , .
Gli'operai della grande ac'clalerla dl
Kewanee, Ills.,", in'.numero di oltre
SiiJOG, hanno ottentuto un aumento di
pagn di 25 soldi al glbrnci..
Conllnua -a' New York; lo sciopero
del sarti 1 quali, 'ad. onta' che 'comin-
clno ad essere'alle presse colla miser-
la, sono piu rlsolutl cho mal alia lotta
sino a cho lo loro condlz oni non saranno mlgliorate.       ,    ,
'List of Locals District 18
*-   tifi "   .■ MAMP 'ttfl*    ..i.l n   n  '•pnnf.i-.wn
^   ^  ■* .     .1     .,     .   ,    V       ,*L..4tt).tmi*iJ
t   (.    ?'*■   IfeJiWjw*!]...^.,.,.,... I'". WJ<c*tkj, liiiiiklivdil, Altii.,
481   Tif-nvcr Crook .....v. p,  Ifomp, Donvor Crock, \la I'JnrJicr,
431 ■' Uellovuo .:..'.:.:,,... JnmoB Tlurko, Dos lift, n«lloviio Altn.
- .   aiflp   rtmirmort/.;* .".',*•"W, I* BVanK DWijnoro, Alta, ''  ''   "
0-10   riurmlH,,,',',,.,,',,',",'., ,,T, Derbyshire,' Biirml», Altn,
«««"   C^ Utu\i*;<*;.,..,,,,,,. J, kiwitv-ii. Cat uouuaiu, Coiouiuii, Jxiio,
• 'sy,.V3jS7r,Cfnnmora,, >:,,■, N. D. Thnohuk, Cnnmoro, Alta, ' '
,,. -.' 3638; Coloroan ,,;,,,,,  W. Qra horn, Colomnn, Alta, \,
.-   a877„,CorWn,.,. ,,V.i,. J, Jonov Corbin, IJ.C,     Ax "x
im 'Chinook'Mlno»,,,..., J, Bantoni, Chinook Minos, AJU.   '
2178  Diamond Oity...,.'.,, J. M, ThornhiH, Diamond Oity, Lethbrldxe.
-.-•taw Vomit.,7, ;,. Thoo. Uphill, Vftrnlo,E'a
..18fl3,r).Frfti»kM,.,  wan Morunn, Krnnk, Alto.
3497   Ifrinmpr  W. llnlilMuffin*, Mtmoer, 1*. P.
H\%% , Hllirreit., , Jab, Oordon, Hlllorent, Alta.
htf  Uthbrldire U Mooro, 1781 Sixth Avonuo, N. uthbrMito.
. , 1119  Ubbridge Colllorlei,, Frank JBwringham, Coalhurat, Altn.
2825  M»pl« I^iaf  John T, Wllllami, M&Dlo Utt, flallefu*, Altu..
'*    MU   MIebel............... U. Burr«ll, MlPhol, n. C. «'
-..' . 14* Monarch Mine .% Wu. Hynd. Rlean P. O., T«h*»r, All*.
"ms -; Pwbm'* .a; ,,, a, zuikar, r«»burgf Alta.
-    W8fi  Horn) Vl«r ;,,. Ooo, ,f© «f«h, floral CSlllorloB, Latb&rMfo. Alta
10J  Taber..,  A Mtowbn, Tuber, Alt*
les des'accapareurs de-la- recolte mon: no 'f^1^0-11 lavoro in massa ed han
dlale.'du hie, un-.gOYernement. -annf-i-
euxde'l'interet' general, prend'rait.des
ra?s«res de ' repression,". et edicterait
des penalties^ exemplalres":a. 1,'egard
deVaffameursMu Pe'uple:- lie notre en
fait rien;- -J- "' ] A A '" ''■'•'■
■ Bien'au coritraire, il est 'plein d'ln-
dulgence pour leaf malfai'teurs million-
naires, dont la fortune.s'accroit chaquo
jour de la'misere de tous'les travailleurs.' v'      :' .
Si, atoutes les epoques, les dlrige-
ants n'etalent pas;,atteints"de la plus
coupable ceclte, s'ils etaient capable3
de compreho'ndre que'; ia .protestation
paclflque, ,qul s'eleve du seln des fon
los qui souffrent-'do; leiir compliclto
tacite, peut dovenlr Voiit a coup la re-
volte Irresslstlble, pulomporto lmpet-
ueusoment dans sa fure'ur "justiclove
los bastilles c.a'pltnllstes.et les gouver-'
nemonts oppresBeurs, pqut-etre com-
pronArnlont Us enfln queues Jours do
leuv domlnntlbn sont comptosi
, lis n'ont nopondnnt, pas un Instant
a perdue,.a'lls voulont que "1'inevlta-
bio transformation soclalo" s'opoio ol
He realise par I'ovolutlon, et non par-
la Revolution, la tolerance" ooupnblo
dont lis font montre a 1'on'drolt dot
oxploltourfl-do la falm puhllquo a as-,
soz rtflro commo cola, qu'lls pronnent
i?ardo car
give some quotations from
the'Xelson Xews' report of tho convention, and subsequent banquet, to
prove the above statements: .    ■
"Peter Lund of Wardner head" of
the largest lumlie^ company In the
Crows Xest, urged "the necessity, for
the boards of trade 'to watch the
work of the government. The work
of'the new forest department", which
would undoubtedly do wonders, must
be watched."        „
As'a result of their convention "representations will he made to' the provincial government asking for an amendment to the forest act fo provide
for the enlargment of the-forest board
to include two lumbermen who would
act purely in an advisory capacity.','
-,Two lumberjack's, did some one say?
No! No! Two'lumbermen. There's
a difference. . ,. ,
,   Here is another choice bit-
"As a. recognition bf his sterling
worth and the fair manner in which
he has conducted his duties as timber
inspector for the provincial government, a position" from which he is retiring; A.'Carney was'(presented, by
A. E. Watts, on behalf of the association,-with-a handsome gold, watch
and a chest filled with $20 gold'pieces.
'Mr.. Carney has held 'the'position
which- he" is now relinquishing for
nine-years, and/Mr. Watts pointed.!
out in making the prestation, he has
never failed to carry out his duties-in
a manner satisfactory to the province
and to the lumbermen, by, wtionrhe is
held in high- esteem"." """ '
; What;could Mr. "CarAey, a public
servant paid'.by, the citizens of this
province'— lumberjacks included —
have done" for .the lumbermen to'have
th^m come at "hime thuswise?'-An.l
what won't the, man who. gets the position* do for the lumbermen for the
privilege of hanginghis pants' pockets
under the same tap? '
'/Lumbermen   ronrpRPntw  ever" SO
■■Nella -miniera di Yale.'sltnata ne)]'-
Intorno del British Columbia, o avvo-
nuta una infornalc. esploslono, nella
quale hnnno porduto la: vita 72 gngll-
ardl initiator!. ' ,
Lo souffle qui U, transporto
. Est lb Fou,fflr do foiirnals© ,
ISt lo peuplu a aa porta
, Entond k n'ouvbau hourtor 08.
Tamils qu'on Franco, toutos loa oho-
bob nldlsponsablos a l'oxlstonco do bob
habltnnts rnnchorliwnt d'uno facon
nnormnlo, don millions d'hoctnrofl do
torrofl cultlvnhloB roatont on frlclWB.
Ifln innHBos, los cnmiiRnnrds doBortont,
lourH vIllnROB ot Ioui-r champH pour'
vonlr nuKinontnr lu mlBoro do I'lmbl-
tnnt don vIIIob, Ub npportont, anr Ion
mnrohoB du trnvnll, lo aupplomont In-
appartun do lourH brna, wmmontimt
.nltiHl n lourH froroa Ion oxploltoa ilou
cltPH, Ioh nproB dlfflcultoH do In vie,
aloi'H quo tnnt do rlohoBnoa rurnlpR ho
trouvont poruofl jmr In com pin I hu nro
(lollotuouHo do coux la momoa mil out
aolllolto lncliarfto do loa smivo^nnlor.
II a'onault.quo I'tilovntlon flctivo du
prlx do ln vlo ost Impoahn mix con-
BommntolirB pnr loa triiBta, pnrtnlH ot
syndlenta (Vnconparoiirs don moyona
do production,,, .cob midncfoux • Bpcuiii.
IntourH ronllnont don lionoflcns bcuikI.i.
loux, on noenparant ogalomont loa pro.
liuim uu luuiu^nuiiiro «i un lour nttn<
Vuniit uno ruh^i- uillllckllv cArtkoic,
ol niilloment'on rapport nvoo leur prlx
r«ol do rovlent.
Tolornnco'flmipnblio ot rlehoBHOH por.
diifiB aont loa cnuacN prlnclpnlPH do In
v.: ....:;\, s.i Uv U ,ulttui*u iubnuuu.
i, Lofrondnnr.
Dopo una sosponslono dl circa qunt-
tro niesl, 1 lavori comlnclanca rlflor-
iro iiTotlatch, Idaho,-e dlntoml, dovo
ora vl e forto rlcorca dl taglialoRna,
L'operal Ottavlo PuccI, da Uzaarino,
presso Borgo a Mozzniio, In provlncln
dl Lucca, o rlinasto ucclao,- in aogulto
nd una enormo frann, In una cava dl,
plotro a Jorome, Pn. ■'
I solmlla oporal dollo fnbbiicho dl
coltelll dl Sollngon, Pruasla, si Bono
moHfll In Bdoporo,
II Comltnto oBeoutlvo doirunlone
deinmlnatorl doirilllnola hn dollbornto
dl nlutnro flnnnzlarlnmonto I mlnntlrl
Bcloporantl dol Wofit Vlrptlnln con la
aoinrna dl 1)0 mila dollnrl,
Contlnun nd Akron, Ohio, lo sclop-
oro dol 10 mlln Invornntl In Aommn, I
quail voRllono un numonto dl pnirn
dol 215 por canto,
W'acopplato n 1'atornou, N..I., lu ctm-
aa dl grnvldlBHldll ool padroni, In nek),
pnro dol 15 mlln toaBltorl In aoln,
of the largest"mills iirthe interior of
British Columbia at jthe annual, meeting of the Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association in Nelson' went-
strongly on^ record 'as 'desiring the
federal government to give the industry/the protection, for the lack of
which it is said to be suffering such'
losses thru' the dumping of the common grades of the American products
on the prairio market. Lumber is tho
only Industry of importance, it was
stated, in Canada .which' is without
some form of protection and vigorous
efforts are to be made In an endeavor
to persuade, the Dominion authorities
to fevy a duty on the product. , Last
year, it was stated, ovor 300,00,0,000
foot of American lumber wero thrown
on tho prnlrlo market, wIMi the result
that prices fell considerably helojv the.
level which would give British Columbia manufacturers an adequate return
upon thuirjnvestniotjts."
There Is an old capitalistic adngo
which says "Competition In tlio life
of trado," Tho mountain lumbermen
don't bollovo this applies to (hem, na
tlioy Imve, thro their association, pntc
tlcnlly eliminated competition'among
thomsolvoa. Now tliey want the Do-
minion government to put n tariff on
rough* lumbor that will provont com-
potltloii from tlio American lumber-
mon. This compolltlon enabloa tho
prnlrlo farmers to buy lumber for
their chonp slinclta, olienpor than thoy
will bo nhlo to got It If thiH tariff is
InipoHod, for then tho moimtnln lumbermen will bn nnnblort lo phartfo
tlioin coiiBldornbly lilRhor prlcoH, ho aa
to "rcnllzo luloqimto returns
tliolr InvoHtinniita," ■
I wondor wltnt tin, iiiinbormon, or
any othor bunch of cniifLiiIIhIh. would
coiisldor "nrtoqunto roliirna upon nn.lr
I" Vl>HllllftltH.*'
Tho liimlMrtnon buy tlmbnr limit h
bnloniiiiiK to tho cltluoiiB of UiIh prov-
Inro. Thoy uiin Idro anmo nl' tlm >
noomr cIIIzoiih lo cut It.Jmul ll, mul ! J
nun It mm flic flnlHliod product, Tho tf
rftiini.s of thtt liinilxirnioii ,nro iwlo-'j
iimitii oiioiikIi to nnnbln lliom lo livoifl
show signs of wear and are relegated
to the, capitalist's scrap-heap.
' Take a tumble,    you  lumberjacks
and miJlmen!- - -    y
Jf organization and political action
are good for the lumbermen, why not
for the lumberjacks? The lumbermen have proved that thro these methods they get more "adequate returns,"
and tools, when properjy used, are as
effective in one man's hands as. an
other's. . .,-..'
If you were.organized do ybu suppose that the members ot the Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' associa-
tion^could pay you for sjx mouths' in
the year with time checks which you
have to'cash at a 12 per cent, discount?  "
Could they charge you a dollar per
month for a doctor who lives from 5
to 100 miles away from where you
work, and make you lose your time,
and pay your own fare both ways when
you havo to consult him.
When they crush or maim you in
their mills or forests could they cast
you off like a broken piece of machinery, or, at the best, offer you a paltry
hundred dollars, when, under the
Workmen's Compensation Act—gained
thro working class political action in
this province—you are entitled to
• Could they make you eat from tin
dishes in a vermin-infested cook-house
where signs are hung on the walls forbidding you to talk? '    -    l
No, my friends! These are impositions that the most reactionary labor
union in .Canada would not rest under.
If organization and political action
are good for one class thoy are good
for .another. •       "   v
If they are good tools in the "hands
of the capitalists they are good-tools
in,the hands of the workers and once
a majority of the'workers realize,this
our day has dawned.,       -   -    > ',
Although , all the * great . industries
of the world are privately owned, they
are built and operated entirely by
workers; they are social products con-
ceive^Mn the brain, born of the brawn
Slid fed by the blood of the toilers.
Why should the only useful class in
society . -be enslaved by a parasite
class? ',.
The capitalist owners'of these industries are. as usefulto the workers
as lite are V lumberjacks;' but not
until the workers'.organlze "industrially
and politically, not until the men,who
have brains enough to co-operate in
developing, building-' • and"' operating
these lndustrics„':auif develops brains
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
will the laborers;receive .adequate re
turns upon their investments:'^
.• While you're not
fool,   enough     to  '
snatch    at    every
"cure" bubble that
is flaunted • before -•
you,  you  know  a
business f talk   to
buslness'men when *
you see it—eh?
Now, this   is   a
business proposal—
one that relates to. your health.   Look ,
here:    If, because.of excesses or for
other- reasons,- ybuf health is impaired
—yoflr youth seems-'.to have slipped   ,
away from you—yoii're not the rnaii/
God first made you—then here's-ydSr*-'
hope.     DR. METZCJER'S BODY, HAT- :'
TERY   saves   men's   physical   beings   "
from utter ruin, renews tho spring of
earlier days in the step, sends a flow ?
of enervating blood coursing through
every artery and vein—stops injurious
losses and cures affected organs.   No
acids to burn—electricity does it all.
Write at once for particulars to
. David Building, 326 8th Ave., East
...-.    the Best of
Fine'iNeckwear, So^'tiipa, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Twinks," Grips, Boots & Shoes, como to
James H. -Naylor, Bellevue
Kvurything sold will) it,guarantee that if not .sfiti.s
factory, you can return it ai.d get your money hnol
Insurance, Real Etate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
■lolin I», Wilto, ill OhIoiIoohii, town,
o Htuto rlolotto proMliloiito dolln Unltod
Mino. WorKorn of Amorlnn, oon mm 	
iiiiiRKlormusi dl 05,(168 votl wintro ll j IwxiirloiiHly nml nm nroiiuil In nutnnin.
cundldiitu A. Ilrudloy dl Mount oilvn, *,,l|oH' ,im ,""1 ,,,0>' n™ nftor moro.
Illinois. ]   "Atloqiiuto roturiiH on tliolr1 Invent*
niuiits," inniitiH to tho cnpltnllnta nil
Una ouormo niliiii' ncoppliila Improv*
vlwimonn mnrlodl In una cava <]| pio-
tro a Oljon, Spngnn, lm eninmto la
...... lc i\, OO uj/viai,   .unjui uiii'i run*
I'ivotio jMu o ini'iio ki\i\ i ,.u :,lv I,.i}i\,
CALQARY, March 2,—AntlrlpallnK
powlhlo iBbor troublon throughout tho
entire wuhL diu'liiK lli« coihIhk himikoi.,
memberB of tho noveral building ox*
ohnDK«i! from WlntilpnK to tho caait'
nro qnlotly propnrlnu Tor tho oxpoclcd
«onfllet, If tho iltniitlon iilioulil bn*
cotdis lit al! ncuto, It I* not Improbablo
thiXi, Ibe, cxcli&nitu» m.vy 'u»k imuol**,
.nlonoT tho wrjtrnmflnt to allow tham
to Import aWllod nrtltnni from drone
Porrho lnvnrnro nnr tin,,  ...i..
ora Klonmtu o got|o II glogo al*
trul? I'orcho non compnro 10
uoro ill tcna o lavornro i»or vol
utoHHl da <miI no avoto.l mlRllorl
fruttl o pntntn croscoro tn vob*
tra fnmlftlla luliiKKktnmonto?
Noirnui'/.ifi aiiiiiiiino como pro-
ovo lotlero da pnrMonn dl fldticla
Olio jirovnno eon fnttl 1 (trnndl
piofiM'Sul iX hnnno ftWenuto
collavoro hiiI torronl.   ., '
Ver luformnxlono rlvolK«tdvl
j. w, mNmn,. ■.
Johion-Falconir Bleefc'
Victoria Avenu*
tlmt they run Hi-lmmn and conlrlv'o lo
blood nut of tho worlrerH,
Lot ua looK nt tlm othor hIiIo nnd
' ntt„   ,,.*, ,11,,,
I    * "i«t,.|*(im.  /..uiiiiih Um lOlllirM
lm.»>|vf. -thf. T„r.T, vl [, !„,rw.'ji .dl IU,)
InpfiOHnnry labor In poiiikx-iIoii with Uu.
! lumbor huluatry.
i Thoy work lon« hourH, noldnm If
1 ovor' rnrolvn nny Imnnn for overtime
liri>   llfir.loil    III    lmi.ni.0.,...,
fm coui-ho food from tln.dlHhnH! Wlio-i
nnci>Hfilty coni|)oln them lo tmvol thoy
wijlk, with a roll of Mimical* Btro'ipwl
to thoir hackB,
Thnw nro tlw    condition*   unilo:'
which tlio lunihorjnricfl work, ntul for
itliin tliey rccnlvo wiikuu iidoqunto (n
itmy fliolr bonrd In llw company cook*
;»iouho, buy mnklnawH and lobneco In
j tho compnny utorn, pny n dftllnr ft'
(month lo tho eompiiny for doctor'*
fi'O* nml, whon thoy K<>t to town nftor
, months In tlio buah, to tli own Hia dead*
,ly monotony of their unnatural live*
■In n hrlof «pi*n.
I Tho nkllM Inboror In iho mlll« nnd
|off|n.«  rccolvn   wiikc* 'ndoiju.uo-by
pr&rilclnij ilo»o economy—to ciuiblo
W0r?tfefiR8T PRIZE ond tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Bocauoothoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho timo at
THE 41    MARKPT   nn
flAM ORAHAM, Mnrtnjrr lJHui\C. 41
Mnnv flv-liv-nlirlti inim-lci mlvi i n	
'.rilj- it i.mpnrnrv wtlimilnni ami li |„ „„)>■ „ „ml|,.,, „r ,|m„ tlli"ii»*«*V.I,V
■ymptoniN  roiurn.       My hi.vhi   v.-hih  In   h,tn\Um vruVt,  ,„„,    '"
mntliinlM nrr. (friuliift and my cun-M IukIIiik.       Many of »,iv |.iiII„ain iinvn
como throimh tlio loconimin.l.iilonH of ilmlr fricndi whom r lmv» oiW.l
My Id ycara' oxpoil<i»\c« ciiii]>I(ih iii., In ilif4Knoni< your van** nroncrlv imi
jiffoct a imrmnnunt cum.       All dlNPncfK ..r im>n nre my npi'flnlly rMcarVl
,lfM of how lonff HinniltiiK. '       "' '^"fi-
T Invito your rnil'i'*-
tininU'nif unit mn i>n -
frllifl fnr ynii liy uniti ,ik
W«H a« If you mw tni«
)M>rWnni,Hy. All ifiirr*
h*\*\ aonflilnnilni mill
Hiv»»n my *N«>ii.m jmifin-
n»l Mtnnllon.
Wllto fin- fri'i- IliMikli i
Dp. Kelly
. Expert Urologist
210 I rowan I .St.
Spc^knno,        WmhIi.
i fi
ifttt, in
* 7;*t
■**■» *4V
"X-^sy ?>"
i^ *,ar .^ii^-^-tt
iC1 'V'?^i,^-^'^'5, * "T
*'.'~f 7
-t. <**
- - m_
,;    -   , ,.V. .Vr,
.'■.*•- '-'■   -X * .     ^
■■■■V, \ ,,r   '*,
,  '     tt*.'-—
'•> ■$'-•'. !
'^ *-,-•>- ^J-**",*
-" •'',^"'."-'>.o.-''--: * - "••'
, if , 7*i
-J.  .-"■
*'**•*';*■• '.
Ladies' Department
Spring Styles Just Arrived
One hundred Pure .Silk Ladies'
Wai.sts.Iin the latest designs and
shades have been received of 6m-,
spring purchases. They are' of
the highest quality and are priced
from; °... .$2.25 to 10.00
Natural colors, new . designs,
excellent value r.'$2.50 each
Plain white, wash silk Ladies"
Shirts." Extra weight and quality
turned back cuffs and collar ,
$3.75 each
Ecru Net Waists, silk lined, assorted patterns, and all sizes
$4.25 each
f >
, One each of exclusive tailored
Waists in plain and fancy designs.
The newest ideas among the finest
' and exclusive patterns
, ,    $5.00 to 10.00
New Kinjionas in long'and short
silks, ch^he delaine,'and crepe.-
Made in empire," shirred backs,
and regular kimona styles. The
trimmings are in contrasting colors of silk and satin, the materials
fancy^and plain.   Priced from
$1.50 to $18.50 each
New Ties
Fancy Silk, flowing ends, from 50c to $1.50
Fancy Knitted Ties, new patterns, from. .50c to 75c
Bows, Batwings, Strings and Derbys, in pure-  '"
silk poplins,-plain ."shades, prices ,    •    v;'
(, 50c, 85c, 75c, and $1.00
Made-up Shield Bows and Derbys ."\ . .25c, 35c, 50c
Meli's Fine Mocha,'silk lined:''All sizes,1 7 to
11, priced per pair'. :A. .... .$1.50, 2.50, 3.00.
Men's Fine_Cape=Dogskin Gloves, perfect fitting and good wearing, in light and dark tan and
black.   All sizes, priced per,, pair-..: .$1.25, to 2.00
Men's Motoring Gauntlets, finest Dogskin, corrugated palms, deep cuffs.'   All sizes"/.,.'.. ..-.$5.00
The famous Cluett-Peabody Shirts. The finest
American goods." In white,,.cream, and grey, and
striped. ....'...,....'., ".. .Prices $1.50 tor2.50.
Special line of Ilagen Brand Shirts.   These are t
a well-known line of moderate priced shirt.  -We
have the newest, colors and are offering a specially
good value^at - .'. „\ ..:. A.".. .$1.25 each -
„   *0 The .popular new shapes have arrived; " Our
stock this year offers every opportunity to secure »
a good serviceable hat.at a moderate price. '"
Amherst Mode
' ■    On a pair of shoes is a'positive",guarantee that
•they are solid leather .througout. ..There- are no
false toe caps, and the'counters are made'of solid*"
leather. ■ Every pair made to stand the hard knocks''
Rubbers     ■'.
Just the thing for this moist weather.   Keep .
the feet dry A- Best grade rubber goods at reason--
■ able prices.'  .. - ' ;    , .v -  . ' [     -. ■
"-  "For the-man who does not wear rubbers we
have a heavy-box-calf-shoe with double soles.and
"-viscolizecT bottom. All sizes.- Prices .from y /.. v
.'   <> .- •'•.*■" , • $4,50 to 7.50 *
;.30 -'■«
.90 ,
\20   •
.35; ■
.45 '..
1.65    "
Be   Sure to  See   Window Display
Special Bargains in Waists
We are"offering a line of-'waists of exceptional values in fine
sheer muslin, beutifully- embroidered in self-color.   All sizes.
Everything for the Home and
for Everyone in it
Tuxedo Baking; Powder,"16 oz.::..'..'.',..'-.'.,
Stewart's Liquid Blue,' 2 for 7 A .'...'. >.';•.'■:.
Rolled Oats, 8 lb. sack.':;'.".".:'.. J: *.;'..
Cream of Wheat 2 pkgs. .\x..A.x.- :.
Braid's Best Coffee,'fresh;ground, 2,lbs,... -.
LowneyVCocoa-,',% lb.'..'.s.A.'.:. Ay:.'..-;
Blueberries, 2 's.; 2 for
Peaches, 2's, 2 for ;: ; /'. ,.
^ Green Gage Plums, 2's,'2 for. ...A.........
Maclionochie Herring, in'tins.-......'..'. a. .,
Red Salmon, 2 tins., .r. A. .A........7	
Robin Hood Flour, 49 'sx ...'...,'../;
Bran, 100 lb. sack  :...". ;.
Shorts, 100 lb. sack.':.' i .".,..'...'.. 1.30
Wheat, per 100 lbs....' .....,.:........• 1.40
Wild Rose Honey, 2% lb. bottle...'.''.'..'.'.;, .  ' .70
Wild Rose Honey, 16.oz. bottle...". /. r....... «.35
Wild Rose Honey, 5 lb. tin.;;:'.v, v;,.:...'...' 1 * 15',
Chivers' Blanc Mange Powder, 2'pkgs.V     iSlii;
. Chiyera' Parisian Sherbet,, 2 for...'..".'.'. A ..' " .25
Chivers '-Jams,' 5 IK pail. :.,-:; -.': -^
Crosse & Blackwell's Red Currant Jelly, 1 lb..   ■ ;30 '•
Lamp Glasses,- A and B sizes,'3,for". v v.25
Colombo Olive. Oil, ■% gal..:?.'..'...."/ ..;.....■ 1.15;
Queen Quality Picklei? 20 .oz.,... A .... .■;.:.. *    .25
, Simcoe Baked'Beaus,family-!size,;2 for..-.',.'.;' ,.25
' Sugar, 20 lb. sack.. 7.X. .'.*.. xA.> .*.*:£..... 1.20;
Turnips, 18''lbs '.'..-.v ■ ■"• "v> • •, •"'• •""• •' ■ • v   ■ -25
White Lingerie Waists '
' Plain Avhite Lingerie Waists/the best value
ever sold at,;the price........'.' .':.v..$1.50^8,^,,
*   Be sure to seethe Window Display.
Neckwear -.
All"the newest and.'most popular".creations in '■
Ladies^Neckwear how on display.. Every possible.,
idea of design and/colors'in coat collar and dress,
sets. .'....* A A .::....... f.:...:.:..;. .50c,to $2.50 .
^ % "v -."
■•     t '           -                     "~_
1,1 -,
7  TWtTXi
,. -Store of v
1* j
K " ■ - ' - \
Mr. Thos. Martin returned from eastern points this week-end.
Last Tuesday was a big night with
tho K, P.s, a number of new members
being inlated,
Tho Economic class will meet In the
basement of the Miners' hall on Sunday evening noxt at 7 o'clock. \
Tho regular tea of the Ladles' Guild
of Christ church will bo given at the
homo of Mrs, G. I. Doll on Wednesday,
March l£lh, at 3.30 p.m.' „   •
Sam Hartley of Ilosmw was taken
to tho hospital for tho Insano, Now
■WoHtmlnlstor, by Constables Collins
and Crawford.
President Stubbs is on a flying visit
to town.   .'
Mrs, A. Bastian and Mr3. Baker"of
Michel were Fernie visitors tills week.
The degree practice of the Rebek-
ahs will take place in the K. of P,
hall on March 13th.
Frank Ledoux was sentoncod to two
months for helping himself to seven
bottles of brandy In Simon Dragon's
wine cellar.'
L. ir. M. Nelson of London, Eng,,
representing "Mother Slogol's" preparations, Is touring through the country
and stopped off In Pernio on Wednesday.
, Mrs. Kennedy, who is now rosldlng
In the house recently occupied by Mch.
T, Fawcott, will give a tea for the
Lonton Talent on Friday, March Hth,
at 3.110 p.m, Hvorybody wolcomo,
school children Included. A Hllvor
collodion will bn I niton,
Tlio roRHliir monthly meeting of tno
LndlOB1 Ilnnevolont society wi<« he'd
nt the homo of Mm. lingers on Saturday, March,lat, An Interesting feature of tho mooting was Uio fact that
no cases were reported as having asked for help. TIiIb Ib perhaps tho first
timo In tho history of the socloty tlmt
nucli a month Iiiih gone by without
t'holr aid having linen Rollrltoil.
Tht* foUn".'lrn* mnrrlni'p 1Upti»(*
waB iBBuod nt the provincial government office during tlio week": John
Anioer nf Fornln and Fndwn Nnknuh
of Now York,
International Board Members Frank
Fanington (District No. 12), it. Harlan (DlBtrlct No. 10), tmd Organizer
George Poltlgrow aro ln the city.
J. Peronl, driver at Coal Creek mines
who is chargod with killing or being
Instrumental In the death of a horse
In tho mine, will come up.for trial on
March lOtli.
Tho commltteo In chargo of tho box
social wliich waB given by tho Order
of HobokahH Inst week doalro to thank
all those who hoi pod to mako It sucli
a groat hucccsb,
The program of pictures at llio
Grand Is continuing to hold the crowd
who,havo tho habit of "going lo tho
Grand." Friday nnd.Sntiinlny the at*
trncllona Include 11 two-reel foaturo
entitled "A Life for it Life," "An Arizona Romance," "Lucy's Lovo," and
"The Railroad niillilors." In addition
Pnthe'n Anlmatnd Wookly will bo
At the regular mooting on'Thursday
of this week Fire Chief McDougall
submitted his report for tho year 1912'
from which wo take the. following:
Number of fires,32; property loss,
$7,071.00. insurance carried, $78;300.00;
insurance paid, $6,921.00. Causes:
unknown, 5; chimnoy fires, 6; defective chimneys, 4; carelessness ■ with
matches, 2; explosions in furnace, 1;
lamp explosions/ 3; defective bake
oven, 1; overheated atovoa, 2; rubbish
fires in basement, 9; false alarms, 9.
j ti^'S-i
TIKNOKIIRON-On   March  4th,  »t
, Mlclml. J, II. Ilendnmon, aged 38. Ha-
mains shipped to Spokano.on Mnroh
6lti. ftccompnnlod by ths widow,1    •■
BADAWI—At Fornlo on March fltb,
Infant son of Mr. and Mrk, Nleholan
Rtdawl, ftg^d 11 daya, futwral from
the Rngllah church on VrlAny, March
7 Hi.
^WIIIT8AU^-0n March «tb, thtt In*
fant aon or Mr. and Mr*. Wm. Wblt*
Mil, axed 1 /oar. Funeral from T]iom*
non, nnd Morrlaon'R tindmrtnWnir'jmr*
lonr on Saturday, Marrh Sth.
A reguliir mooting of tho city council woh hMil on Thursday ovlcinlng of
thiH woolc, ihoro being a full attnnd*
It wah dee'ldod to poBt notices In tho
1 . .11.       ,1.     1
1  ,'*•*,.    ll„,.1,1,1.   141)4.X*^*.   ...i.   t*«4ki«.«t»   UW..*#
'of \rt>t"\     Mit   Mnrrtorvn vnr npjirilnl
ml on pnrlc ''ninmlBH|on«>r.
Tho Ileiil.'Rovernor In council will
b»t naknd for power to niter lly*law«
123 and 124 (Bcliflol loan) so that do*
of r».
Tho time for connecting with thn
city sower haa boon extended to July
I. Tho nutter of itroet algna and num.
bora wn* roforrod to tbo property and
work* commltteo.
All thoso In arrears for taxea are
requMlftd to pay the wholo or In part
ab soon as poBlblo.
A By-law for tho nxtoriRlon of tho
electric light iyst*m wan panwii.
Tin* lAilfta' llpnnvolent society waa
donated 1200.
Hargalna to bn hart nt Mm, Torirt'a.
Mt* ait.
Tho annual general meeting of tho
Fernie football club was hold In the
club rooms on Sunday last, March 2.
Tlio election of officers for ttte coming season resulted as follows:
Honorary president, W. II. Wilson;
honorary vice-presidents, Mayor J. L,
Gates, J, F. Macdonald, II. W. Horch-
morj prosldont, P. Hughes; vice-president, A CarrJo; Bocretury-troaHjuror,
ChnB,"Clnrldgo. '•   ,
Tho question of the annual basket
social wnB gono Into nud It wnfl proposed to hold tho Hnmn the flrBt weok
In April at tho Victoria hall, .1. W.
Ilunnatt will not as auctioneer for tho
Tho next meeting of tho commltteo
will tnko placo on Sunday, Mnrch 1flth,
nt 3 ji.in, Tlio committed nro: .T, Wil*
Bon, .T. Clarke, W, Cooper, U, Linn,
J. Gorrlo, nntl T. Rmllh.
„   *
By a Friend
The loss of our beloved brother,
Pnvld Paton. will long bo folt by tho
workers, nn well ni by tho ffcnornl
public, but in our rogrot wo should
not Ioro Right of tho Iobb Riisfnlnnd by
Davo'n ngod pnrnntn nnd Invalid bIb*
(or.   Dnvo waa tho mnlnntny of tho
1 *    1      t> <i*, ii,   , 1,    ■,*,
\\\r fnmllW rnrrn end v,*nT\tR •nWii IVc
flnmn ardour, real nnd Integrity, nn ho
did to his official duties,
Davn I* gono. Wo cnn do no moro
for him than chorlah tho fond memory
nf  ti1.i   nnin'  Ittfitl   rifllnrtn        Tint   >i1a
family Ib left behind. Honco It affords
us a splendid opportunity to ahow our
appreciation for our departed comrade
and broth* by taking ovor hia respon*
Rlbllltlea to the homo, For thia purpose the above fund has been opened,
muting thereby that tho parent* nnd
alitor of flftw we ao dearly loved ahall
never havo caunc to worry over the
poialbilltf of a gloomy future.
80, comrade*, brother*, and friend*,
let ita ahow our practical appreciation
by contributing at beat wo can1'to
thia (and.
If this should happen to catch the
pye of John Kirkwood, who left herd
Hipno ton months ago" und who is now
believed to be somewhere around tho
const, he is requested to communicate
\vith tho Dl8Vt'rIct"Led'g6r office,
,    DANCE OF THE 8.'P. OF C.
The annual social'and dance of the
Socialist party of Canada will .take
placo on May lst, nnd arrangements
are now under way to make, this the
most 'successful -event of the year.
/ "    n- Acknowledgments    . \V
Drs. Bonnell -and Corsan..... .N$10.00
Kimberley Miners Union,
Western' Federation-..;...   .25 i)*l
N. B. Suddaby .;.   '' 6.00
A $35.00
~_ : «>« -   i -.—":
• -The "Western v^larlon"has been resurrected' and with- this live organ of'
the Socialist party;, once, more .".In the,
flelcl it .is {intlQlpated the movement.'
will, progress 'with renewed energy
toward the accqippllshment of its mission; The annual subscription.'price
is 75'centa. '• '    :       ■.     -, "'
Fernie, ;"        '"». . 'm-."::'-1-':
B* C»
From Thursday to Saturday
To mako room for now stock I will offor 221 pairs oorsots.
■' ii "
Will sell at a tremendous, reduction, .somo loss than half,
., ' .1
cost.   Usual prices $2.50 1.75. 1.25, special for three
days at 50c. and 75c per pair.
Kid Gloves J
(Fer further tout Htmi Mt ptgt 4.)
In white and tan, selling prices $1.50 1.00
!: Bargain sale price 50c.
Clean tip in Blouses - 50c.
No Goods Returnable
Millinery Opening  - Tuesday  ■  March 18th
By^il1■■l^^l^1>tflMl^Tfll■l!T*wwfc^liu*t'l■^^ A^^**i&rfm-~i}mtjwiim#w,^^
IW|*.W»M«*«*.*-*hP>^jE. f \ r-lrrtrnitfltrtwntfliViniiUMIIlMi


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